US Pat. No. 10,193,530

MULTIPLEXER, TRANSMISSION DEVICE, RECEPTION DEVICE, HIGH-FREQUENCY FRONT END CIRCUIT, COMMUNICATION DEVICE AND IMPEDANCE MATCHING METHOD FOR MULTIPLEXER

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A multiplexer that transmits and receives a plurality of high-frequency signals via an antenna element, the multiplexer comprising:a plurality of elastic wave filters that have different pass bands from each other;
a common terminal connected to the antenna element; and
an inductance element; wherein
each of the plurality of elastic wave filters includes at least one of a series resonator that is connected between an input terminal and an output terminal of the respective elastic wave filter and a parallel resonator that is connected between a connection path, which connects the input terminal and the output terminal, and a reference terminal;
an antenna-element-side terminal among the input terminal and the output terminal of one elastic wave filter among the plurality of elastic wave filters is connected to the common terminal via the inductance element, which is connected to the antenna-element-side terminal and the common terminal, and is connected to the parallel resonator;
antenna-element-side terminals among the input terminals and the output terminals of the plurality of elastic wave filters other than the one elastic wave filter are connected to the common terminal, and are each connected to the series resonator; and
a complex impedance in a prescribed pass band when the one elastic wave filter is viewed in a standalone state via the inductance element in a state in which the inductance element and a terminal among the input terminal and the output terminal of the one elastic wave filter that is closer to the antenna element are connected in series with each other, and a complex impedance in the prescribed pass band when the plurality of elastic wave filters other than the one elastic wave filter are viewed from terminals thereof that are connected to the common terminal in a state in which terminals among the input terminals and the output terminals of the elastic wave filters other than the one elastic wave filter that are closer to the antenna element are connected to the common terminal are in a complex conjugate relationship with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,193,529

ELASTIC WAVE DEVICE

Murata Manufacturing Co.,...

1. An elastic wave device comprising:a first signal terminal;
a second signal terminal;
a first interdigital transducer (IDT) electrode and a second IDT electrode that are adjacent to or in a vicinity of each other in or substantially in a direction of propagation of elastic waves; and
at least one bridging capacitance; wherein
each of the first IDT electrode and the second IDT electrode includes a pair of comb-shaped electrodes, each of the comb-shaped electrodes including a busbar electrode extending in or substantially in the direction of propagation of elastic waves and a plurality of electrode fingers connected to the busbar electrode and extending in or substantially in a direction that crosses the direction of propagation of elastic waves;
one of the pair of comb-shaped electrodes in the first IDT electrode is a first comb-shaped electrode directly electrically connected to the first signal terminal, and one of the pair of comb-shaped electrodes in the second IDT electrode is a second comb-shaped electrode electrically connected to the second signal terminal;
the bridging capacitance is arranged in a region outside a region sandwiched between the electrode fingers that are adjacent to or in a vicinity of each other in or substantially in the direction of propagation of elastic waves and includes a pair of comb-shaped electrodes opposed to each other at a predetermined interval; and
a first one of the pair of comb-shaped electrodes in the bridging capacitance is a first comb-shaped electrode directly electrically connected to the first comb-shaped electrode of the first IDT electrode, and a second one of the pair of comb-shaped electrodes is a second comb-shaped electrode electrically connected to either one of the pair of comb-shaped electrodes in the second IDT electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,193,528

ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICE AND ACOUSTIC WAVE MODULE

KYOCERA Corporation, Kyo...

1. An acoustic wave device, comprising:a piezoelectric substrate;
an excitation electrode on the piezoelectric substrate;
an electrode pad arranged on the piezoelectric substrate and electrically connected with the excitation electrode; and
a cover arranged on the piezoelectric substrate so that a oscillation space is arranged between the cover and the excitation electrode, wherein
the cover, in an internal portion, comprises a via conductor electrically connected to the electrode pad and its surface facing the piezoelectric substrate is curved so as to approach the excitation electrode side,
the cover is an organic substrate including fibers extending in the surface direction, and
a portion of the fibers is buried in the via conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,193,527

BRANCHING FILTER

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

9. A branching filter comprising:a common port;
a first signal port;
a second signal port;
a low-pass filter provided between the common port and the first signal port, and configured to selectively pass a signal of a frequency within a first passband not higher than a first cut-off frequency, the low-pass filter including:
a first LC resonant circuit; and
a first acoustic wave resonator provided in a shunt circuit connecting a path leading from the first LC resonant circuit to the first signal port to a ground, the first acoustic wave resonator having a resonant frequency higher than the first cut-off frequency; and
a high-pass filter provided between the common port and the second signal port, and configured to selectively pass a signal of a frequency within a second passband not lower than a second cut-off frequency higher than the first cut-off frequency, the high-pass filter including:
a second LC resonant circuit; and
a second acoustic wave resonator provided in a path leading from the second LC resonant circuit to the second signal port, the second acoustic wave resonator having an anti-resonant frequency lower than the second cut-off frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,193,526

BULK ACOUSTIC RESONATOR AND FILTER

Samsung Electro-Machanics...

1. A bulk acoustic resonator comprising:a substrate;
a first electrode disposed above the substrate;
a piezoelectric body disposed on the first electrode and including a plurality of piezoelectric layers each including aluminum nitride with a doping material; and
a second electrode disposed on the piezoelectric body,
wherein at least one of the piezoelectric layers is a compressive piezoelectric layer, the compressive piezoelectric layer is disposed in a portion of the piezoelectric body so as to directly contact the first electrode, and
a ratio (c/a) of a lattice constant of the compressive piezoelectric layer in a c-axis direction to a lattice constant of the compressive piezoelectric layer in an a-axis direction is higher than a ratio (c/a) of a lattice constant of another piezoelectric layer in a c-axis direction to a lattice constant of the another piezoelectric layer in an a-axis direction.

US Pat. No. 10,193,525

ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

KYOCERA Corporation, Kyo...

1. An acoustic wave device, comprising:a substrate on which an excitation electrode is provided; and
a cover member which is arranged so that at least a portion covers the excitation electrode and which has a hole portion comprising a terminal thereinside, the terminal being electrically connected to the excitation electrode,
wherein, in a cross-sectional view, the terminal of the hole portion has widths at a first position and a second position, which have distances up to a surface of the substrate different from each other, are broader than a width at a third position which is positioned between the first position and the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,193,522

SINGLE PORT WIDE BAND IMPEDANCE MATCHING CIRCUIT WITH NARROW BAND HARMONIC BYPASS, WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE, AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING ANTENNA MATCHING

Motorola Mobility LLC, C...

15. A wireless communication device comprising:one or more transceivers;
a single signal port coupled to the one or more transceivers, the single signal port including a wide band signal;
an impedance matching circuit including a narrow band harmonic bypass, the narrow band harmonic bypass being configured to produce a short at a predetermined frequency, which corresponds to a harmonic of a lower frequency signal included as part of the wide band signal received at the single signal port;
an antenna port coupled to the single signal port via the impedance matching circuit; and
an antenna coupled to the antenna port.

US Pat. No. 10,193,521

ADJUSTABLE IMPEDANCE MATCHING NETWORK

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. An impedance matching network comprising:a first port;
a second port; and
an adaptive matching network connected between the first port and the second port,
wherein the adaptive matching network comprises at least two stages,
wherein the adaptive matching network comprises a series inductance with an intermediate tap and a capacitive element connected to the intermediate tap,
wherein the series inductance comprises a first inductance associated with a first stage of the at least two stages and a second inductance associated with a second stage,
wherein the first inductance and the second inductance form a transmission line transformer,
wherein the series inductance is located in a first inductor path of a series branch of the adaptive matching network, and
wherein the first inductance and the second inductance are inductively coupled.

US Pat. No. 10,193,520

DIGITAL SWITCHED ATTENUATOR

SKYWORKS SOLUTIONS, INC.,...

1. An attenuation cell for use in a switched attenuator, the attenuation cell comprising:an attenuation path having an input, a first switch, a resistive network, a second switch, and an output, the resistive network electrically disposed between the first switch and the second switch and configured to provide a desired attenuation from the input to the output;
a bypass path in parallel with the attenuation path and having a bypass switch disposed between the input and the output; and
a shunt switch including at least four series-connected switching elements, the shunt switch being coupled between the resistive network and a reference node to selectively connect the resistive network to the reference node.

US Pat. No. 10,193,519

ANALOG PHASE SHIFTER AND A METHOD FOR SHIFTING PHASE OF RF SIGNALS

Cemin Zhang, Diamond Bar...

1. An analog phase shifter, comprising:a first high-low pass filter comprising a first low-pass filter (LPF) section, a second LPF section, and a first high-pass filter (HPF) section coupled in series between the first LPF section and the second LPF section, the first LPF section coupled to receive an RF input signal, the second LPF section outputs an output signal of the first high-low pass filter;
an all-pass filter (APF) coupled to receive the output signal of the first high-low pass filter and output an APF output signal;
a second high-low pass filter comprising a third LPF section, a fourth LPF section, and a second HPF section coupled in series between the third LPF section and fourth LPF section, the third LPF section coupled to receive the APF output signal, the fourth LPF section outputs an RF output signal.

US Pat. No. 10,193,518

RADIO-FREQUENCY (RF) COMPONENT

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A radio-frequency component comprising:a first substrate including one or more first wiring electrodes, and a plurality of stacked insulating layers;
a column-shaped spacer member placed on a first main face of the first substrate;
a second substrate including a second wiring electrode, and a plurality of stacked insulating layers, the second substrate being spaced from the first substrate by being stacked on the column-shaped spacer member; and
an inductor component mounted on the first main face of the first substrate,
wherein a first no-electrode-forming area where the one or more first wiring electrodes are not formed is set to a range overlapping with the inductor component in a plan view of at least one of the plurality of stacked insulating layers of the first substrate, and
wherein a second no-electrode-forming area where the second wiring electrode is not formed is set to a range overlapping with the inductor component in a plan view of at least one of the plurality of stacked insulating layers of the second substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,193,517

VARIABLE FILTER CIRCUIT AND RADIO COMMUNICATION DEVICE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A variable filter circuit comprising:a first series arm including a first resonator connected in series between a first input/output terminal and a node;
a second series arm including a second resonator connected in series between a second input/output terminal and the node; and
a parallel arm connected between the node and a ground connection terminal,
wherein the parallel arm includes a first inductor connected in series between the node and the ground connection terminal, and
at least one of the first and second series arms includes a variable capacitor connected in parallel to the first or second resonator,
wherein each of the first and second series arms includes first and second parallel inductors respectively connected in parallel to the first and second resonators and first and second series inductors respectively connected in series to circuits in which the first and second resonators and the first and second parallel inductors are respectively connected in parallel.

US Pat. No. 10,193,516

COMMON MODE FILTER

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A common mode filter comprising:a core including a winding core part extending in an axial direction, a first flange part provided at one end of the winding core part in the axial direction, and a second flange part provided at other end of the winding core part in the axial direction;
first and second terminal electrodes provided on the first flange part;
third and fourth terminal electrodes provided on the second flange part;
a first wire wound around the winding core part and having one end connected to the first terminal electrode and other end connected to the third terminal electrode; and
a second wire wound around the winding core part and having one end connected to the second terminal electrode and other end connected to the fourth terminal electrode,
wherein the winding core part includes a first winding region, a second winding region, and a third winding region positioned between the first and second winding regions in the axial direction, and
wherein the first and second wires are bifilar-wound in the first and second winding regions and layer-wound in the third winding region.

US Pat. No. 10,193,515

CONTINUOUS TIME LINEAR EQUALIZER WITH TWO ADAPTIVE ZERO FREQUENCY LOCATIONS

INPHI CORPORATION, Santa...

1. A linear equalizer device comprising:a first input transistor comprising a first gate terminal a first drain terminal and a first source terminal, the first gate terminal being configured to receive a first input signal;
a second input transistor comprising a second gate terminal a second drain terminal and a second source terminal, the second gate terminal being configured to receive a second input signal;
a first compensation circuit coupled to the first drain terminal; and
a high-frequency zero circuit comprising at least a pair of source resistors and a pair of source capacitors;
wherein:
the pair of source resistors comprises a first source resistor coupled to the first source terminal and a second source resistor coupled to the first source resistor and the second source terminal, a first terminal being positioned between the first source resistor and the second source resistor;
the pair of source capacitors comprises a first source capacitor coupled to the first source terminal and a second source capacitor coupled to the second source terminal, a second terminal being positioned between the first source capacitor and the second source capacitor and coupled to the first terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,193,514

SELECTABLE PROGRAMMABLE GAIN OR OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER

MICROCHIP TECHNOLOGY INCO...

1. A configurable amplifier, comprising:a differential input stage;
a first output block;
a second output block;
a plurality of switches coupled to the differential input stage, the first output block and the second output block;
at least one configuration line controlling a switching position of said plurality of switches;
wherein
when a logic state on said configuration line defines a programmable gain amplifier setting, the plurality of switches are controlled such that the differential input stage and the first output block are coupled together as a programmable gain amplifier and comprises a feedback loop, wherein at least one switch of said plurality of switches changes a feedback resistance of the feedback loop, and
when another logic state of said configuration line defines an operational amplifier setting, the plurality of switches are controlled such that the differential input stage and the second output block are coupled together as an operational amplifier without a feedback loop.

US Pat. No. 10,193,513

OPTICAL AMPLIFIER BASED ON ELECTRO-OPTIC EFFECT FOR ELECTRICAL SIGNALS AND ITS APPLICATION AS SEMICONDUCTOR RADIATION DETECTOR PREAMPLIFIER

1. An electrical signal amplification system comprising:an electrical signal amplifier for amplifying an electrical signal, the electrical signal amplifier having
an electro-optic (EO) medium for receiving the electrical signal, wherein applying the electrical signal to the EO medium causes a change to an effective index of refraction;
a device for measuring a light phase change for measuring the change to the effective index of refraction; and
a photodetector;
wherein the photodetector converts the change to the effective index of refraction into an amplified electrical current output signal.

US Pat. No. 10,193,512

PHASE-SHIFTING POWER DIVIDER/COMBINER ASSEMBLIES AND SYSTEMS

Werlatone, Inc., Brewste...

1. A power divider/combiner assembly comprising:a divider network for dividing a received divider-network input signal into N divider-network output signals, where N is an integer greater than seven, the divider network including at least one divider and at least one of each of first, second, and third divider phase-shift circuits, each divider having a divider input and a plurality of divider outputs and being configured to divide a divider input signal on the divider input into a divider output signal on each of the plurality of divider outputs, each divider phase-shift circuit being configured to produce a respective non-zero phase shift between divider output signals on an associated pair of divider outputs of an associated divider of the at least one divider, each first divider phase-shift circuit producing a first phase shift, each second divider phase-shift circuit producing a second phase shift that is more than the first phase shift, and each third divider phase-shift circuit producing a third phase shift that is more than the second phase shift;
N amplifiers, each amplifier amplifying one of the N divider-network output signals into a respective amplified signal; and
a combiner network for combining the N amplified signals into a combiner-network output signal, the combiner network including at least one combiner and at least one of each of first, second, and third combiner phase-shift circuits, with each combiner having a plurality of combiner inputs and a combiner output and being configured to combine combiner input signals on the plurality of combiner inputs into a combiner output signal on the combiner output, each combiner phase-shift circuit being configured to produce a respective non-zero phase shift between combiner input signals on an associated pair of combiner inputs of an associated combiner of the at least one combiner, each first combiner phase-shift circuit producing the first phase shift, each second combiner phase-shift circuit producing the second phase shift, and each third combiner phase-shift circuit producing the third phase shift.

US Pat. No. 10,193,511

MONOLITHIC MICROWAVE INTEGRATED CIRCUIT HAVING AN OVERLAY TRANSFORMER AND LOW IMPEDANCE TRANSMISSION LINES

BAE Systems Information a...

1. A monolithic microwave integrated circuit (MMIC) power amplifier comprising:a substrate;
an input port supported by the substrate and an output port supported by the substrate, wherein the input port is indirectly electrically coupled to the output port; a first overlay transformer supported by the substrate and electrically intermediate the input port and the output port for transforming impedance from a higher input impedance to a lower output impedance; and
a first artificial low impedance transmission line supported by the substrate that is electrically intermediate the input port and the output port, and in electrical communication with the first overlay transformer, wherein the first artificial low impedance transmission line is coupled with at least one shunt capacitor and at least one high impedance transmission line configured as an inductor to provide artificial low impedance to electrical signals flowing through the first low impedance transmission line from the input port to the output port.

US Pat. No. 10,193,508

MULTI-BRANCH OUTPHASING SYSTEM AND METHOD

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A multi-level, multi-branch outphasing amplifier comprising:a first branch group circuit including:
a first branch circuit including a first activation circuit and a first power amplifier, the first activation circuit coupled to receive an RF first input signal and a first control signal, the first activation circuit configured to selectively enable and disable the RF first input signal from being transmitted to the first power amplifier responsive to the first control signal; and
a second branch circuit including a second activation circuit an a second power amplifier, the second activation circuit coupled to receive the RF first input signal and a second control signal, the second activation circuit configured to selectively enable and disable the RF first input signal from being transmitted to the second power amplifier responsive to the second control signal;
a second branch group circuit including:
a third branch circuit including a third activation circuit and a third power amplifier, the third activation circuit coupled to receive an RF second input signal and a third control signal, the third activation circuit configured to selectively enable and disable the RF second input signal from being transmitted to the third power amplifier responsive to the third control signal;
a fourth branch circuit including a fourth activation circuit and a fourth power amplifier, the fourth activation circuit coupled to receive the RF second input signal and a fourth control signal, the fourth activation circuit configured to selectively enable and disable the RF second input signal from being transmitted to the fourth power amplifier responsive to the fourth control signal; and
combiner circuitry for combining output signals of the first, second, third and fourth power amplifiers and producing an output signal across a load;
wherein a single constant-value voltage supply supplies power to the first branch group circuit and to the second branch group circuit, and
wherein a number of enabled RF input signals in the first branch group circuit and a number of enabled RF input signals in the second branch group circuit is selected to be the same or different depending on a power demand of the load or on a backoff load current.

US Pat. No. 10,193,507

CURRENT SWITCHING CIRCUIT

Analog Devices Global, H...

1. A current switching circuit with current boosting for operation across a wider range of frequencies, the current switching circuit comprising:a differential current switching circuit comprising:
a first transistor configured to receive a switching signal and to provide an output current to an output node;
a second transistor configured to receive an inverted switching signal, the first transistor and the second transistor coupled to each other at a tail node; and
a first current source configured to provide an input current to the tail node; and
a third transistor coupled to the tail node, wherein the third transistor is configured to provide a boost current from a second current source to the tail node while the first transistor is off.

US Pat. No. 10,193,505

CONFIGURABLE CONTROL LOOP TOPOLOGY FOR A PULSE WIDTH MODULATION AMPLIFIER

Cirrus Logic, Inc., Aust...

1. A system having a configurable control loop technology, the system comprising:a first mode control loop;
a second mode control loop; and
a reconfigurable pulse width modulator (PWM) configured to generate an output signal from an input signal, wherein the reconfigurable PWM comprises a digital PWM and an analog PWM and is configured such that:
when the first mode control loop is activated, the reconfigurable PWM utilizes the analog PWM to generate the output signal from the input signal; and
when the second mode control loop is activated, the reconfigurable PWM utilizes the digital PWM to generate the output signal from the input signal, and the digital PWM receives its input from a controller configured to generate such input to the digital PWM based on a difference between the input signal and a feedback signal generated by a feedback path of the second mode control loop.

US Pat. No. 10,193,504

SOLDER BUMP PLACEMENT FOR THERMAL MANAGEMENT IN FLIP CHIP AMPLIFIERS

SKYWORKS SOLUTIONS, INC.,...

1. An amplifier comprising:a transistor array formed over a silicon substrate;
a plurality of first resistors formed over the silicon substrate, a first end of a resistor of the plurality of first resistors in communication with an emitter of a transistor of the transistor array; and
a metal pillar formed over the silicon substrate, a footprint defined by a periphery of the metal pillar being adjacent to a footprint defined by a periphery of the transistor array, the footprint defined by the periphery of the metal pillar overlapping a footprint defined by a periphery of the plurality of first resistors, a second end of the resistor of the plurality of first resistors in communication with the metal pillar, the silicon substrate, the metal pillar, the plurality of first resistors, and the transistor array being arranged with respect to each other such that heat generated during operation of the transistor is transferred through the silicon substrate to the metal pillar.

US Pat. No. 10,193,503

AMPLIFIER CIRCUIT AND METHOD

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. An amplifier arrangement, comprising:N amplifier stages coupled to an output impedance network, the output impedance network comprising a cascade of quarter wavelength transmission lines;
a main amplifier and a plurality of peaking amplifiers configured to operate in a Doherty mode of operation;
wherein the amplifier arrangement is configured such that at least two peaking amplifiers are collectively driven by time-delayed versions of the same signal; and
at least one of the following is true:
at least one of the quarter wavelength transmission lines of the cascade is extended by a half wavelength transmission line or multiples of half wavelength transmission lines;
at least one of the peaking amplifiers is coupled to a respective junction or output node of the cascade via a connecting half wavelength transmission line or multiples of half wavelength transmission lines;
wherein the output impedance network comprises a cascade of quarter wavelength transmission lines coupled between an output of the main amplifier of the N amplifier stages and an output node of the amplifier arrangement;
wherein the cascade comprises N?1 quarter wavelength transmission lines; and
wherein an output of one peaking amplifier of the N amplifier stages is coupled to the output node, and remaining peaking amplifiers of the N amplifier stages coupled to respective junctions in the main cascade of quarter wavelength transmission lines.

US Pat. No. 10,193,501

DISTRIBUTED POLE-ZERO COMPENSATION FOR AN AMPLIFIER

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. An amplifier comprising:an amplifier input and an amplifier output;
a first amplification stage having an input and an output, the input of the first amplification stage being coupled to the amplifier input;
a second amplification stage having an input and an output, the input of the second amplification stage being coupled to the output of the first amplification stage;
a third amplification stage having an input and an output, the input of the third amplification stage being coupled to the output of the second amplification stage and the output of the third amplification stage being coupled to the amplifier output;
a first feedback capacitor coupled between the amplifier output and at least one of: the input of the second amplification stage and the input of the third amplification stage; and
a compensation network coupled to the amplifier output, the compensation network comprising at least one RC network, wherein the at least one RC network is a plurality of RC networks providing staggered at least one half pole roll off with approximately a forty five degree phase margin per RC network.

US Pat. No. 10,193,500

SUPPLY MODULATOR AND COMMUNICATION DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A supply modulator comprising:a supply modulation controller configured to receive a first envelope signal that follows an amplitude of a first RF input signal, to determine supply voltage select periods by dividing the first envelope signal into sections based on time, to generate a first selection control signal and a first connection control signal based on the amplitude of each of the sections, respectively, and to output the first selection control signal and the first connection control signal;
a voltage generator, which comprises a plurality of output terminals configured to respectively output voltages having different levels in each of the supply voltage select periods, and is configured to select, in response to the first selection control signal, at least one of the voltages as a first selection supply voltage and to generate the first selection supply voltage at each of the supply voltage select periods by performing DC-DC conversion on a supply voltage input from a power supply; and
a switch unit configured to connect one of the plurality of output terminals, through which the first selection supply voltage is output to a first power amplifier, in response to the first connection control signal, for a time duration of one of the supply voltage select periods,
wherein the supply modulation controller is further configured to set the time duration of each of the supply voltage select periods and a change in an amount of the first selection supply voltage provided in each of the supply voltage select periods in such a way that at least one of the time duration of the supply voltage select periods and the change in the amount of the first selection supply voltage provided in each of the supply voltage select periods is changed in response to a change of a frequency bandwidth of the first RF input signal.

US Pat. No. 10,193,499

MULTIPHASE POWER SUPPLY HAVING SINGLE COMPARATOR

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A multiphase power supply, comprising:a multiphase converter comprising first and second converters having differing operating phases, each of the first and second converters configured to convert input power into driving power based on a corresponding duty control signal of duty control signals and transmit the driving power to a power amplifier;
a detector configured to detect a voltage based on the driving power; and
a duty controller configured to compare an error voltage between an envelope signal of an input signal input into the power amplifier and the detected voltage and sawtooth wave signals having different phases from each other to generate the duty control signals,
wherein the duty controller compares the error voltage and the sawtooth wave signals with each other using a single comparator.

US Pat. No. 10,193,498

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR BOOSTING THE SUPPLY OF POWER AMPLIFIER

1. A system for boosting the power supply of a RF power amplifier in high peak to average power ratio applications, wherein the power amplifier is coupled to receive and amplify a digital data stream of a baseband signal, which is supplied as an RF input signal to the power amplifier to generate an RF output signal, the system comprising:a. a first circuit for controlling a boost event in open-loop with the digital data stream, wherein a timing of the boost event can be adjusted according to delays in the digital data stream; and
b. a second circuit for adjusting the timing of the boost event in such a way that the signal which controls the second circuit is a result of a comparison between a digital representation of the RF input signal and/or a digital representation of the power supply, and the digital baseband signal, wherein the comparison represents a substantial matching of the delays in the paths of the RF input signal and the power supply; and
wherein the boost event is delivered through a plurality of capacitors configured as a charge-pump, and a shape of the boost is generated by capacitive coupling from a single DC voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,193,497

ENHANCED BROADBAND OPERATION OF AN ACTIVE MIXER

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. An apparatus for wireless communication, comprising:an active mixer configured to convert between radio frequency signals and intermediate frequency signals based at least in part on an alternating current local oscillator signal, wherein a direct current generated within the active mixer is dependent in part on a bias voltage and the alternating current local oscillator signal; and
a mixer biasing circuit configured to generate the bias voltage for the active mixer, a magnitude of the bias voltage depending at least in part on an amplitude of the alternating current local oscillator signal, the mixer biasing circuit comprising a feedback loop configured to inversely control the magnitude of the bias voltage with respect to the amplitude of the alternating current local oscillator signal.

US Pat. No. 10,193,496

PHOTOVOLTAIC COMBINER BOX MONITORING SYSTEM

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A photovoltaic combiner box monitoring system, comprising a current sampling circuit, a microprocessor and a communication circuit, whereinthe current sampling circuit is connected with the microprocessor, and configured to sample at least one channel of current signals and input the sampled currents to the microprocessor, the current sampling circuit comprises at least one sampling branch, and each sampling branch comprises a connector and a line selector; the connector is connected with the line selector, and configured to sample a plurality of channels of current signals and input each channel of current signals to one of current input ports of the line selector by means of a port of the connector; and the line selector is connected with the microprocessor, and configured to output current signals that are inputted to respective current input ports of the line selector to the microprocessor in time division manner according to control signals output from the microprocessor; and
the microprocessor is connected with the communication circuit, and configured to send the current signals sampled by the current sampling circuit via the communication circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,193,495

PHOTOVOLTAIC JUNCTION BOX AND DIODE

Tyco Electronics (Shangha...

1. A photovoltaic junction box, comprising:a housing;
a plurality of contacts disposed in the housing; and
a diode mounted on two adjacent contacts, each diode having a body and a pair of first pins separated from each other and projecting outward from a side portion of the body, each first pin having a soldering end portion at an end opposite the body that is soldered on a first contact of the two adjacent contacts, and a connection piece connecting the soldering end portions of the pair of first pins, the pair of first pins are only physically connected by the connection piece, the connection piece having a first soldering surface soldered directly on a surface of the first contact and the pair of first pins together having a second soldering surface soldered directly on the surface of the first contact.

US Pat. No. 10,193,494

VEHICLE GLASS ROOF SYSTEMS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A glass roof system, comprising:a first glass layer;
a second glass layer;
a photovoltaic module;
a switching film powered by the photovoltaic module, wherein the switching film is positioned between the first glass layer and the second glass layer and is positioned axially between a first solar cell and a second solar cell of the photovoltaic module; and
a control module configured to selectively control the switching film based on a passenger cabin temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,193,493

MULTI-SURFACE SOLAR CELL PACKAGING FOR SELF-POWERED ELECTRONIC DEVICES

Intel Corporation, Santa...

20. A method, comprising:collecting solar energy from a first solar cell mounted on a bendable substrate over a first surface of an electronic device, the bendable substrate to physically mount to the first surface;
collecting solar energy from a second solar cell mounted on the bendable substrate over a second surface of the electronic device, the bendable substrate to physically mount to the second surface; and
transferring the solar energy from the first and second solar cells via the bendable substrate to an electrical contact of the first surface of the electronic device, wherein the second surface of the electronic device lacks an electrical contact.

US Pat. No. 10,193,491

ROOFTOP HEAT REFLECTOR SYSTEM

1. A reflector system for reflecting solar radiation away from a roof, said system comprising:a plurality of brackets, wherein each of said plurality of brackets has a first end, a second end, and a first length that extends between said first end and said second end, wherein said second end of each of said plurality of brackets contacts said roof causing said first end of each of said plurality of brackets to extend away from said roof by said first length;
a plurality of flags, wherein each of said plurality of flags has a base, a second length, and exterior surfaces along said second length that are reflective to solar radiation, wherein said second length of each of said plurality of flags is longer than said first length of each of said plurality of brackets;
a common ribbon having a top edge and a bottom edge, wherein said base of each of said plurality of flags are coupled to said ribbon so that said second length of each of said plurality of flags hang away from said bottom edge of said ribbon;
wherein said ribbon attaches to said first end of each of said plurality of brackets therein supporting said ribbon away from said roof, wherein said plurality of flags hang from said ribbon and are suspended between said ribbon and said roof.

US Pat. No. 10,193,490

MOTOR DRIVE DEVICE

NTN CORPORATION, Osaka (...

1. A motor drive device comprising:an electric motor;
a speed reducer configured to reduce a speed of rotation of the electric motor and transmit so reduced rotation to a wheel;
a lubricating oil supply mechanism configured to supply a lubricating oil to the speed reducer; and
a control device configured to control the electric motor, wherein
a lubricating oil temperature sensor configured to detect a temperature of the lubricating oil is provided in a lubricating oil passage in the speed reducer, a coil temperature sensor configured to detect a temperature of a motor coil is provided in a stator of the electric motor, and a rotation speed detection sensor configured to detect a rotation speed of the electric motor is provided, and
the control device includes
an abnormality detector configured to detect an abnormality in the lubricating oil temperature sensor, and
a lubricating oil temperature estimator configured to estimate the temperature of the lubricating oil on the basis of a determined relationship using the temperature detected by the coil temperature sensor and the rotation speed detected by the rotation speed detection sensor, when the abnormality detector detects the abnormality in the lubricating oil temperature sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,193,489

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ACOUSTIC SIGNAL GENERATION

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A motor drive system for controlling operation of a multi-phase electric machine, comprising:an inverter including a plurality of paired power transistors that are electrically connected to the electric machine, wherein the inverter is electrically connected to a DC power source via a high-voltage electrical power bus; and
a motor controller including a first controller and an acoustic signal generator, wherein the first controller is disposed to control the paired power transistors of the inverter to effect operation of the multi-phase electric machine;
wherein the first controller is disposed to determine an initial output voltage based upon a torque command;
wherein the acoustic signal generator is disposed to generate a sound injection voltage, including a sound pattern generator that is disposed to generate an instantaneous audio signal and a rotational transformation element that is disposed to generate the sound injection voltage based upon the instantaneous audio signal, and wherein the instantaneous audio signal is adjusted by a first gain factor associated with a torque-based gain derating and a second gain factor associated with a speed-based gain derating;
wherein the motor controller is disposed to combine the initial output voltage and the sound injection voltage; and
wherein the motor controller is disposed to generate commands to control the paired power transistors of the inverter, wherein the commands are determined based upon the initial output voltage and the sound injection voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,193,488

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR REDUCING CONDUCTED ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE

Regal Beloit America, Inc...

1. An electromagnetic interference (EMI) filter system for a twin motor system that includes a first drive circuit having a first direct current (DC) link with a capacitor having a capacitance less than 10 ?F and a first inverter for driving a first motor, and a second drive circuit having a second DC link coupled to the first DC link and including a capacitor having a capacitance between about 200 ?F and 1000 ?F and a second inverter for driving a second motor; said EMI filter system comprising:a line-side filter configured to filter input power for transmission to the first DC link and the second DC link, said line-side filter comprising:
an input comprising a first input terminal and a second input terminal;
an output comprising a first output terminal and a second output terminal, wherein a first conductive path is defined between the first input terminal and the first output terminal, and a second conductive path is defined between the second input terminal and the second output terminal;
a first choke device coupled across the first and second conductive paths;
a first Y capacitor including a first end and a second end opposite the first end, the first end coupled to the first conductive path downstream from said first choke device; and
a second Y capacitor including a first end and a second end opposite the first end, the first end coupled to the second conductive path downstream from said first choke device; and
a load-side filter comprising a second choke device coupled between the second inverter and the second motor.

US Pat. No. 10,193,486

PARALLELED MULTIPHASE INVERTER CONTROL FOR ELECTRIC MACHINE

APPLE INC., Cupertino, C...

1. A method, comprising:controlling a first inverter and a second inverter, the first inverter having a first plurality of switch pairs and the second inverter having a second plurality of switch pairs, wherein the first plurality of switch pairs and the second plurality of switch pairs are operated in a pulse width modulation sequence to produce a plurality of outputs;
pairing output of each switch pair of the first inverter with output of a respective switch pair of the second inverter to produce a plurality of paired outputs that are each associated with one phase to supply multiphase power;
measuring current for the switch pairs of each paired output using a current sensor shared by the switch pairs of the respective paired output; and
controlling operation of switches for each paired output to be about 180 degrees out of phase and with equal duty cycle based on the measured current for each paired output.

US Pat. No. 10,193,485

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROL OF SWITCHED RELUCTANCE MOTORS

1. A short pitched switched reluctance motor control apparatus for controlling current in a first phase winding and a second phase winding of a short pitched switched reluctance motor, wherein the apparatus comprises:a first voltage provider configured to be coupled to the first phase winding and operable to selectively apply voltage to the first phase winding to drive current in the first phase winding in a first direction and in a second direction opposite to the first direction;
a second voltage provider configured to be coupled to the second phase winding and operable to selectively apply voltage to the second phase winding to drive current in the second phase winding in a first direction and in a second direction opposite to the first direction; and
a controller configured to control the first voltage provider and the second voltage provider to control the timing of the currents in the first phase winding and the second phase winding to drive the motor.

US Pat. No. 10,193,484

CONTROLLED MOTION SYSTEM

Rockwell Automation, Inc....

1. A controlled motion system comprising:a first track section;
a second track section;
a plurality of movers movable along the first and second track sections; and
a control system coupled to the first and second track sections, and configured to control movement of the plurality of movers together and not independently on the first track section and independently on the second track section;
wherein the first and second track sections comprise a plurality of linear motor circuits configured to drive movement of the movers under the control of the control system.

US Pat. No. 10,193,483

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR THE CYCLIC DIGITAL TRANSMISSION OF A POSITION VALUE OF A MOVING OBJECT WITH INERTIAL MASS

1. A method for closed-loop control of a drive, comprising:recurrently detecting a position value over time; and
transmitting associated information to a control device;
wherein the position value includes at least two values, including a partial-angle value, a fine-angle value, and/or digital values, a first value being denotable with a whole number, and a position-value range being assigned to each number, each position range including a first value being assigned mutually separate sub-ranges of the position range, each of these sub-ranges including a second value denotable as a whole number, the second value being transmitted prior in time to the first value;
wherein:
(i) after a newly detected second value has been transmitted, a model value is determined for the first value from the newly detected and a previously transmitted second value, and the position value determined is used by a control device to determine an updated value of a manipulated variable of the control device; and
(ii) after the newly detected second value has been transmitted, the newly detected first value is transmitted, and the model value determined is compared to the newly detected first value, and an action is carried out if they do not agree,
wherein the action includes communication and/or display of warning information, bringing the drive to rest, and/or transferring the drive into a safe state;
wherein the manipulated variable includes a voltage space vector and/or a stator-voltage space vector of an electric motor of the drive.

US Pat. No. 10,193,482

METHOD FOR REDUCING THE NOISE OF AN ELECTRIC MOTOR

1. A method for reducing noise of a motor fed by a converter, said method comprising:changing a magnetic flux in the motor for reducing a fundamental oscillation and a harmonic oscillation of the magnetic flux; and
changing a duty cycle and/or a pulse frequency of the converter so as to change a harmonic oscillation of the magnetic flux, wherein the magnetic flux in the motor is changed as a function of a load torque on the motor.

US Pat. No. 10,193,481

WIND TURBINE PROVIDING GRID SUPPORT

1. A wind turbine for connection to an electrical grid, the wind turbine comprising:a rotor with blades coupled to an electrical generator; and
a controller configured to:
increase, in response to an event, an electrical output power from the wind turbine for a duration of an overproduction period using kinetic energy stored in the rotor thereby decreasing a rotational speed of the rotor, wherein the event indicates a need to increase the electrical output power from the wind turbine to the electrical grid to support the stability of the electrical grid, and
after increasing the electrical output power and before the rotational speed of the rotor reaches a predetermined minimum value, accelerate the rotor for a duration of a recovery period to a previous rotational speed while outputting at least a predetermined minimum electrical power to the electrical grid, wherein the controller is configured to control the wind turbine such that the predetermined minimum electrical power output to the electrical grid during the recovery period is at least 80% of an electrical operating power which was supplied to the electrical grid during a normal operation period prior to the overproduction period.

US Pat. No. 10,193,480

PROPORTIONAL INTEGRAL REGULATING LOOP FOR DIGITAL REGULATOR DEVICE FOR MOTOR VEHICLE EXCITATION ROTARY ELECTRICAL MACHINE

Valeo Equipements Electri...

1. A proportional integral regulating loop (10) for a digital regulator device (2) for a motor vehicle excitation rotary electrical machine (1) configured to function as a generator which provides an output voltage (Ub+) adjusted by an excitation current (Ie), said digital regulator device (2) comprising a control device (11) for controlling said excitation current (Ie) and said regulating loop (10), said regulating loop (10) comprising:at an input, a measuring device (35) for measurement by sampling of said output voltage (Ub+) generating a measurement signal (Um);
an error calculation system (13) generating an error signal (e) equal to a difference between said measurement signal (Um) and a set point (U0);
a processing system (14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20) for processing of said error signal (e) generating a regulating signal (Ysat), said processing system comprising in parallel a first amplifier (14), an integrator (15) and an anti-saturation system (23); and
at an output, a generation system (38) for generation of a control signal (PWM) controlling said control device (11) according to said regulating signal (Ysat),
said anti-saturation system (23) comprising a saturation detector (24) generating a disconnection signal (Cmd) controlling a switch (25) which disconnects said integrator (15, 29) of said error calculation system (13) in the case of detection of a state of saturation (SM) of said regulating signal (Ysat).

US Pat. No. 10,193,479

DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING A REGULATOR OF A MOTOR VEHICLE ALTERNATOR, AND ALTERNATOR COMPRISING THE CORRESPONDING REGULATOR

Valeo Equipements Electri...

1. Device (1, 2) for controlling a regulator of a motor vehicle alternator, of the type comprising firstly a control circuit (1) which generates a command (KEY_ON) for activation of said regulator, by taking to a first voltage higher than a predetermined high reference voltage a single-wire two-way communication line (6) which is connected to, secondly, a circuit (2) for detection of a state (KEY_DETECT) of said activation command (KEY_ON), said detection circuit (2) comprising means (7, 9) for generation of a fault signal from a flag (LAMP_ON) which indicates a fault of said alternator, by connection of said communication line (6) to a ground by at least one semiconductor switching element (7), by this means taking said communication line (6) to a second voltage lower than a predetermined fault voltage lower than said high reference voltage, and said control circuit (1) comprising means (4) for detection of said fault signal, wherein said control circuit (1) also transmits a pulse width modulated set signal with a maximum which is higher than said high reference voltage, and a minimum which is lower than a predetermined low reference voltage higher than said fault voltage, a duty cycle of said set signal being representative of a set voltage (V0) of said regulator.

US Pat. No. 10,193,475

SENSORLESS CONTROL OF SWITCHED RELUCTANCE MACHINES FOR LOW SPEEDS AND STANDSTILL

Caterpillar Inc., Deerfi...

1. A method for determining rotor position of a sensorless control of a switched reluctance (SR) machine having a rotor and a stator at standstill or low speed, comprising:injecting a test pulse into one or more idle phases of the SR machine;
determining a decoupled flux value based at least partially on a total flux value corresponding to the test pulse and a mutual flux value; and
determining the rotor position based at least partially on the decoupled flux value, wherein the test pulse being injected is based at least partially on a measured phase current and rotor position feedback.

US Pat. No. 10,193,473

ACTUATOR

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An actuator comprising:a vibrator including a vibration plate and a piezoelectric device that generates a vibration in the vibration plate; and
a holding member that holds the vibration plate,
wherein the vibration plate includes a center portion and a fixing portion connected to the center portion, the center portion configured to have a first surface on a first side on which the piezoelectric device is fixed and a contact portion for contacting a friction member on a second side opposite to the first side so that the vibration by the piezoelectric device causes relative movement between the friction member and the vibration plate,
wherein the first surface is a polished surface, and
wherein the holding member holds the fixing portion at a location between a first plane including the first surface of the center portion and a second plane including the contact portion of the center portion.

US Pat. No. 10,193,472

SINGLE FRICTION SURFACE TRIBOELECTRIC MICROGENERATOR AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

PEKING UNIVERSITY, Beiji...

1. A single friction surface microgenerator, comprising an insulating substrate having an upper surface and a lower surface, with a surface-friction-structured layer on the upper surface and a first induction electrode and a second induction electrode on the lower surface; wherein the first induction electrode is located to correspond to the surface-friction-structured layer that is used as a friction surface while the second induction electrode is located peripherially of the first induction electrode and insulatedly spaced from the first induction electrode, the second induction electrode surrounds the first induction electrode in a ring shape, and the surface-friction-structured layer has a number of micro/nano array structures or is a smooth surface.

US Pat. No. 10,193,459

HIGH STATIC GAIN BI-DIRECTIONAL DC-DC RESONANT CONVERTER

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A bi-directional DC-DC converter comprising:a first terminal circuit;
a second terminal circuit;
a transformer circuit;
a first high voltage side coupled to the first terminal circuit, wherein the first high voltage side comprises a resonant tank circuit coupled between a first bridge circuit of the first high voltage side and a high voltage side of the transformer circuit, wherein the resonant tank circuit comprises:
a) a first branch comprising a first capacitor Cr1 and a first inductor Lr1 coupled in series;
b) a second branch comprising a second inductor Lr2 and a second capacitor Cr2 coupled in series; and
c) a third branch comprising a third capacitor Cr3 and a third inductor Lr3 coupled in series;
wherein the first, second and third branches are coupled to a common node, the second branch is coupled between the common node and a first terminal of the high voltage side of the transformer circuit and the third branch is coupled between the common node and a second terminal of the high voltage side of the transformer circuit; and
a second low voltage side coupled to the second terminal circuit, wherein the first high voltage side and the second low voltage side are coupled to each other via the transformer circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,193,455

RESONANT CAPACITOR STABILIZER IN RESONANT CONVERTERS

Semiconductor Components ...

1. A resonant converter for resonant capacitance stabilization during start-up, the resonant converter comprising:an oscillator configured to generate a first clock signal to drive a first driver for a first power switch, and a second clock signal to drive a second driver for a second power switch during switching operations; and
a resonant capacitor stabilizer configured to control the second driver to periodically activate the second power switch to discharge a resonant capacitor of a resonant network during initialization of the switching operations of the resonant converter,
the resonant capacitor stabilizer configured to activate the second power switch for a first duration and activate the second power switch for a second duration such that the second power switch is deactivated during a period of time between the first duration and the second duration.

US Pat. No. 10,193,453

HIGH SIDE SIGNAL INTERFACE IN A POWER CONVERTER

Power Integrations, Inc.,...

1. A controller for use in a power converter, the controller comprising:a high side signal interface circuit coupled to generate a drive signal in response to an ON signal and an OFF signal generated by a control circuit of the controller to control switching of a high side switch coupled to a half bridge node of the power converter, wherein the high side signal interface circuit comprises:
a common mode cancellation circuit coupled to receive the ON signal and the OFF signal, wherein the common mode cancellation circuit is coupled to generate a fourth current signal representative of the OFF signal referenced to a bypass voltage during an initial state, wherein the common mode cancellation circuit is coupled to generate a first current signal in response to the ON signal being pulled to a lower value relative to the OFF signal to turn ON the high side switch, and wherein the common mode cancellation circuit is coupled to generate a common mode rejection signal in response to the first current signal and the fourth current signal; and
a first current hysteresis comparator coupled to receive the first current signal, the fourth current signal, the common mode rejection signal, and a drive signal, wherein the first current hysteresis comparator is coupled to generate a first output signal in response to the first current signal, the fourth current signal, the common mode rejection signal, and the drive signal, wherein the drive signal is coupled to be generated in response to the first output signal in a presence of a common mode voltage caused by slewing at the half bridge node.

US Pat. No. 10,193,448

METHOD OF FORMING A POWER SUPPLY CONTROL CIRCUIT AND STRUCTURE THEREFOR

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A circuit for a power supply control system comprising:a control circuit configured to operate a power switch at a frequency having a period to control a current through an inductor and through the power switch to provide an output voltage to a load wherein the control circuit operates the power switch at a frequency having a period;
a first switch having a first terminal, a second terminal, and a control terminal, the first terminal of the first switch configured to be coupled to a first terminal of the inductor and to a first terminal of a boost capacitor, the second terminal of the first switch configured to be coupled to a first terminal of a power source;
a second switch having a first terminal, a second terminal, and a control terminal, the first terminal of the second switch configured to be coupled to a second terminal of the boost capacitor, the second terminal of the second switch configured to be coupled to a second terminal of the power source, wherein the control circuit operates the first and second switches at the frequency and enables the first and second switches for substantially a first portion of the period; and
a third switch having a first terminal, a second terminal, and a control terminal, the first terminal of the third switch coupled to the first terminal of the second switch, the second terminal of the third switch coupled to the first terminal of the first switch, wherein the control circuit operates the third switch at the frequency and operates the third switch with a substantially opposite phase to the first switch.

US Pat. No. 10,193,447

DC TOPOLOGY CIRCUIT WORKABLE WITH VARIOUS LOADS THROUGH INCLUSION OF SUBTRACTOR

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A DC topology circuit, comprising a control chip, a first field effect transistor, a second field effect transistor, a third field effect transistor, a fourth field effect transistor, a first inductor, a first capacitor, and a second capacitor;the control chip comprises a control module and a subtractor; a first input terminal of the subtractor is inputted with an input voltage, a second input terminal of the subtractor is connected with a load-rated voltage and an output terminal of the subtractor is electrically connected with the control module;
a gate electrode of the first field effect transistor is inputted with a first control signal, a drain electrode of the first field effect transistor is connected with the input voltage, and a source electrode of the first field effect transistor is electrically connected to one terminal of the first inductor; a gate electrode of the second field effect transistor is inputted with a second control signal, a drain electrode of the second field effect transistor is connected the terminal of the first inductor, and a source electrode of the second field effect transistor is grounded; a gate electrode of the third field effect transistor is inputted with a third control signal, a drain electrode of the third field effect transistor is electrically connected to one other terminal of the first inductor, and the source electrode of the third field effect transistor is grounded; a gate electrode of the fourth field effect transistor is inputted with a fourth control signal, the drain electrode of the fourth field effect transistor outputs a output voltage, and the source electrode of the fourth field effect transistor is electrically connected with the other terminal of the first inductor; one terminal of the first capacitor is electrically connected with the terminal of the first inductor and one other terminal of the first capacitor is electrically connected to a first bootstrap pin of the control chip; one terminal of the second capacitor is electrically connected to the other terminal of the first inductor and one other terminal of the second capacitor is electrically connected with a second bootstrap pin of the control chip;
the first control signal, the second control signal, the third control signal, and the fourth control signal are all provided by the control module;
wherein the subtractor subtracts the input voltage and the load-rated voltage and outputs an operation result to the control module; the control module adjusts the first control signal, the second control signal, the third control signal, and the fourth control signal, to correspondingly control on/off of the first field effect transistor, the second field effect transistor, the third field effect transistor, and the fourth field effect transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,193,440

SWITCH NETWORK OF A MULTILEVEL POWER CONVERTER ARCHITECTURE

WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH...

1. A power converter comprising:a capacitive divider including a first end providing a first converter terminal and a second end providing a second converter terminal attachable to a ground reference, the capacitive divider further including a plurality of capacitors connected in series between the first end and the second end;
a multilevel switch network including a plurality of levels, each level including at least one level switch, wherein each level switch comprises
a switch terminal;
two throw terminals;
a single-pole, double-throw switch (SPDT) having a pole and two throws, wherein each throw of the two throws is connected to a respective throw terminal of the two throw terminals, wherein the pole is electrically controllable to move between the two throws;
an inductor connected between the pole and the switch terminal; and
a capacitor connected between the two throw terminals;
wherein a number of level switches in successive levels of the plurality of levels decreases from a first level to a last level,
wherein the last level has a single level switch, wherein the switch terminal of the single level switch provides a third converter terminal and the two throw terminals of the single level switch are each connected to the switch terminal of the level switch of a previous level relative to the last level,
wherein each level switch of the first level is connected across a different capacitor of the capacitive divider to provide a switchable connection between the pole of a respective SPDT switch and each side of a respective different capacitor,
wherein each level switch of each remaining level includes a throw terminal of the two throw terminals connected to the switch terminal of a different level switch of the previous level relative to a current level;
and
at least one switch signal generator controlling a switching of the SPDT switches of the multilevel switch network to provide a power transformation between the first converter terminal and the third converter terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,193,439

POWER FACTOR CORRECTION CIRCUIT, CONTROL METHOD AND CONTROLLER

Silergy Semiconductor Tec...

1. A power factor correction circuit, comprising:a) a power meter configured to measure total harmonic distortion (THD) at an input port;
b) a switching-type regulator that is controllable by a switching control signal in order to adjust a power factor of an input signal thereof; and
c) a controller configured to generate said switching control signal to control said switching-type regulator to perform power factor correction, wherein said controller minimizes said THD by adjusting a current reference signal according to a measured THD, and said current reference signal represents an expected inductor current of said switching-type regulator.

US Pat. No. 10,193,437

BRIDGELESS AC-DC CONVERTER WITH POWER FACTOR CORRECTION AND METHOD THEREFOR

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A bridgeless AC-DC converter, comprising:a totem pole network having a first input adapted to be coupled to a second terminal of an AC voltage source, a second input adapted to be coupled to a first terminal of said AC voltage source through an inductor, an output terminal for providing an output voltage, and a return terminal;
an output capacitor having a first terminal coupled to said output terminal, and a second terminal coupled to a bulk ground terminal;
a sense element coupled between said return terminal and said bulk ground terminal; and
a controller circuit coupled to said return terminal of said totem pole network, wherein said controller circuit modulates an on time of an active switch in said totem pole network on a cycle-by-cycle basis by shortening said on time corresponding to an amount of time a current sense signal derived from a current through said sense element exceeds a current limit threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,193,436

SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS

FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. A switching power supply apparatus, comprising:a power converting device body including a resonance type DC-DC converter that has:
a series resonant circuit, formed by leakage inductance of an isolation transformer and a capacitor through which a primary winding of the isolation transformer is connected to a DC voltage source,
a first switching element, which is drivable by a control circuit to thereby cause an input voltage from the DC input voltage source to be applied to the series resonant circuit when the first switching element is ON,
a second switching element connected in parallel to the series resonant circuit, the second switching element being drivable to turn ON by the control circuit when the first switching element is OFF, so as to form a current path of the series resonant circuit,
a diode configured to rectify electric power generated by a secondary winding of the isolation transformer; and
an output capacitor configured to smoothen and output the electric power rectified by the diode;
the control circuit configured to drive the first and second switching elements, via a first drive control signal and a second drive control signal respectively, to alternately turn ON or OFF the first and second switching elements, to thereby resonate the series resonant circuit; and
an overload detecting circuit including
a comparator that receives a resonance voltage that is generated from the resonance of the series resonant circuit and a predetermined reference voltage, and compares the resonance voltage and the predetermined reference voltage,
a gate circuit that performs an AND operation on the first or second drive control signal and an output of the comparator,
a timer circuit that receives an output of the gate circuit, and, in response to falling of the resonance voltage below the predetermined reference voltage, generates an output that delays the output of the gate circuit for a first predetermined time period, and
a flip-flop having a set terminal receiving the output of the gate circuit and a reset terminal receiving the output of the timer circuit, so as to be
set responsive to the resonance voltage exceeding the predetermined reference voltage, and
reset after lapse of the first predetermined time period after the falling of the resonance voltage below the predetermined reference voltage,the overload detecting circuit being configured to stop operation of the control circuit upon determining that an output of the flip-flop continues to be in a set state over a second predetermined time period.

US Pat. No. 10,193,435

START-UP CIRCUIT TO DISCHARGE EMI FILTER FOR POWER SAVING OF POWER SUPPLIES

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A discharge circuit for an EMI filter having an X-capacitor, comprising:a monitor circuit configured to be coupled to the EMI filter to receive a rectified signal having a waveform that is correlated to a waveform of a power source that is filtered by the EMI filter;
a high voltage switch transistor configured to receive the rectified signal and form a sample signal having a waveform that that is correlated to the rectified signal, the high voltage switch transistor configured to charge a supply voltage;
when the power source is shut down over a period of time, a discharging path is provided to conduct a discharge current from the EMI filter through the high voltage switch transistor for discharging a stored voltage of the X-capacitor, wherein the discharging path is cut off when the power source is in an active state.

US Pat. No. 10,193,434

POWER CONVERSION DEVICE AND THREE-PHASE AC POWER SUPPLY DEVICE

Sumitomo Electric Industr...

1. A power conversion device for converting DC powers to AC powers to be supplied to a three-phase AC system, the DC powers being inputted from a first DC power supply, a second DC power supply, and a third DC power supply which are independent of each other without sharing either a positive terminal or a negative terminal, the power conversion device comprising:a first-phase conversion device configured to, based on the DC power inputted from the first DC power supply, supply the AC power to a first phase with respect to a neutral point of the three-phase AC system via a first reactor;
a second-phase conversion device configured to, based on the DC power inputted from the second DC power supply, supply the AC power to a second phase with respect to the neutral point of the three-phase AC system via a second reactor;
a third-phase conversion device configured to, based on the DC power inputted from the third DC power supply, supply the AC power to a third phase with respect to the neutral point of the three-phase AC system via a third reactor; and
a control unit configured to control the first-phase conversion device, the second-phase conversion device, and the third-phase conversion device, wherein
the first-phase conversion device, the second-phase conversion device, and the third-phase conversion device each include a step-up circuit for stepping up a DC input voltage value of the DC power, and a single-phase inverter circuit, and
for each of the first-phase conversion device, the second-phase conversion device, and the third-phase conversion device, when an absolute value of a voltage target value obtained, as an AC waveform to be outputted, by superimposing a third-order harmonic on a fundamental wave exceeds the DC input voltage value, the control unit causes the step-up circuit to perform step-up operation to generate the absolute value of the voltage target value and causes the single-phase inverter circuit to only perform necessary polarity inversion, and when the absolute value of the voltage target value is smaller than the DC input voltage value, the control unit stops the step-up operation of the step-up circuit and causes the single-phase inverter circuit to operate to generate the voltage target value, the voltage target value being set by adding a voltage appearing between both ends of each of the first reactor, the second reactor and the third reactor to a voltage value of each phase of the three-phase AC system.

US Pat. No. 10,193,433

RAILWAY VEHICLE CONTROL APPARATUS

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. A railway vehicle control apparatus comprising:a first power conversion device comprising a primary circuit and a secondary circuit, each including a switching element, each to operate as a power conversion circuit when the switching element is activated, and each to operate as a rectifier circuit when the switching element is deactivated, the first power conversion device performing bidirectional power conversions between a primary side and a secondary side; and
a controller to perform control to deactivate, when one of either the switching element of the primary circuit or the switching element of the secondary circuit is activated, the other switching element;
wherein, while an alternating current generator is stopped that is disposed on the primary side of the first power conversion device and driven by an internal combustion engine to output alternating current power, the controller activates the switching element of the secondary circuit and deactivates the switching element of the primary circuit such that the first power conversion device converts electric power input from the secondary side to supply electric power for causing the alternating current generator to operate; and
wherein, during operation of the alternating current generator, the controller activates the switching element of the primary circuit and deactivates the switching element of the secondary circuit such that the first power conversion device converts electric power supplied from the alternating current generator to output the converted electric power to the secondary side;
the railway vehicle control apparatus further comprising:
a second power conversion device, a primary side thereof being connected to the alternating current generator, to perform bidirectional power conversions between the primary side and a secondary side;
a smoothing capacitor connected to secondary side terminals of the second power conversion device and connected to terminals of the primary side of the first power conversion device; and
an inverter connected in parallel with the smoothing capacitor between the secondary side terminals of the second power conversion device;
wherein the controller further controls the second power conversion device;
wherein, while the alternating current generator is stopped: (i) the controller, in response to a start command of the internal combustion engine, activates the switching element of the secondary circuit, and deactivates the switching element of the primary circuit such that the first power conversion device converts electric power stored in an electric power storage device connected to the secondary side terminals of the first power conversion device to charge the smoothing capacitor; (ii) thereafter the controller controls the second power conversion device such that the second power conversion device converts electric power stored in the smoothing capacitor to supply electric power for causing the alternating current generator to operate; (iii) the internal combustion engine is started by a torque output by the alternating current generator to which electric power from the second power conversion device is supplied and (iv) when starting operation of the internal combustion engine is completed, the controller deactivates the switching element of the primary circuit and the switching element of the secondary circuit; and
wherein while the alternating current generator is operated: (i) the controller controls the second power conversion device such that the second power conversion device converts the electric power supplied from the alternating current generator to charge the smoothing capacitor; and (ii) thereafter, when the voltage of the smoothing capacitor is greater than or equal to a threshold and the inverter is in a state of capable of being activated, the controller activates the switching element of the primary circuit and deactivates the switching element of the secondary circuit such that the first power conversion device converts the electric power supplied to the secondary side terminals of the second power conversion device to charge the electric power storage device.

US Pat. No. 10,193,428

ELECTRIC ROTATING MACHINE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An electric rotating machine comprising:a stator serving as an armature including at least armature core segments and an armature coil; and
a radially outer rotor and a radially inner rotor, both rotatably provided relative to the stator with gaps therebetween,
wherein the stator has the armature coil wound around the armature core segments with M pairs of poles (M being a natural number), and N pairs of field poles (N being a natural number),
each of the outer and inner rotors has K (K being a natural number) soft magnetic members including a plurality of protrusions on a side facing the stator, and
the armature coil, the field poles, and the soft magnetic members satisfy a relational expression of |M±N|=K.

US Pat. No. 10,193,421

SYSTEM FOR THERMAL MANAGEMENT IN ELECTRICAL MACHINES

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A component of an electrical machine, the component comprising:a magnetic core comprising teeth defining a plurality of slots, wherein each slot from the plurality of slots is defined between corresponding pair of adjacent teeth;
a conduction winding wound around each tooth of the teeth such that each slot accommodates two conduction windings; and
a heat dissipating element disposed in a slot of the plurality of slots between the two conduction windings, wherein the heat dissipating element comprises a thermally conducting material having an in-plane thermal conductivity higher than a through-plane thermal conductivity and wherein the heat dissipating element comprises a sheet-like element having a largest plane substantially parallel to a radial direction of the component.

US Pat. No. 10,193,419

AIR GAP BAFFLE TRAIN FOR TURBINE GENERATOR

SIEMENS ENERGY, INC., Or...

1. A turbine generator baffle train apparatus, comprising:a plurality of linearly aligned baffle blocks, each respectively having an external circumferential profile adapted for sliding receipt within an axial slot of a turbine generator stator bore, a circumferential baffle sector portion on an upper surface for radially inwardly projection into a turbine generator bore when within a stator axial slot, a lower surface, and a thru bore;
at least one axial spacer rod, adapted for sliding receipt within a turbine generator stator axial slot, passing through the respective baffle block thru bores;
at least one locking engagement member coupling each respective baffle block to the at least one axial spacer rod at an axial location corresponding to a desired axial location of the circumferential baffle sector within a generator bore;
a selectively reciprocating wedge block rod adapted for orientation within a turbine generator stator axial slot under the baffle blocks lower surfaces;
a plurality of linearly aligned wedge blocks that are axially spaced relative to each other and coupled to the wedge block rod in axial positions corresponding to each baffle block axial position, each wedge block respectively having an external circumferential profile adapted for sliding receipt within a turbine generator stator axial slot under the baffle blocks lower surfaces; and
a plurality of biasing elements adapted for sliding receipt within a turbine generator stator axial slot, respectively adapted for biasing the upper surface of a corresponding baffle block toward a stator bore when a corresponding wedge block is axially aligned with a baffle block lower surface.

US Pat. No. 10,193,411

OUTER ROTOR MOTOR

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. An outer rotor motor comprising a metal motor case having an inner space, an inner stator disposed in the inner space of the motor case and having an outer circumference, and an outer rotor disposed along the outer circumference of the inner stator,the motor case comprising:
a mounting seat portion provided in the inner space of the motor case, the mounting seat portion having an inside; and
a protruding portion protruding from the inside of the mounting seat portion,
the inner stator comprising:
an opening portion formed centrally of the inner stator, the opening portion being formed to telescopically fit over the protruding portion;
a mounting portion formed adjacent the opening portion, the mounting portion facing the mounting seat portion with the opening portion telescopically fitting over the protruding portion,
the outer rotor motor further comprising:
a vibration isolating member interposed between the mounting seat portion and the mounting portion, the vibration isolating member including a metal member, a pair of elastic members sandwiching the metal member, and a pair of graphite layers laminated on surfaces of the elastic members, each graphite layer and the metal member being on opposite surfaces of each elastic member; and
a fastener that is formed through the vibration isolating member in a direction along which the metal member, the elastic members, and the graphite layers are laminated, and that fastens the mounting portion and the mounting seat portion together while compressing the vibration isolating member.

US Pat. No. 10,193,408

BRUSHLESS MOTOR HAVING TERMINAL FIXING BLOCKS

BERGSTROM, INC., Rockfor...

1. A brushless motor, comprising:a stator having a stator core; and
an upper insulating bobbin connected to an upper face of the stator core, the upper insulating bobbin including a plurality of coil wound portions, and an upper surface of the upper insulating bobbin having a plurality of terminal fixing blocks and a plurality of wire through blocks, each terminal fixing block having a wire-through notch for positioning a wire on the upper insulating bobbin with respect to the coil wound portions and a terminal socket electrically connected with the wire,
wherein a first angle between the wire-through notch of each terminal fixing block and a radial direction of the upper insulating bobbin is 50°-130°, and wherein the terminal socket of each terminal fixing block is inserted into the terminal fixing block to be electrically connected with the wire in the wire-through notch.

US Pat. No. 10,193,402

FASTENING SYSTEM FOR COUPLING ELECTRICAL MACHINE COMPONENTS

GE RENEWABLE TECHNOLOGIES...

1. An electrical machine comprising:a first item having a male dovetail portion; and
a second item having a female dovetail portion with an opening;
wherein:
a shape of the male portion and a shape of the female portion are adapted to each other such that the male dovetail portion can be fit into the opening of the female dovetail portion, and wherein
the first item formed as a stack of sheets comprising a plurality of male standard sheets with the male dovetail portion that substantially fit into the opening of the female dovetail portion and one or more male protruding sheets with dimensions at the male dovetail portion larger than the opening of the female dovetail portion along an entire length of male dovetail portion such that, in use, the male protruding sheets are deformed during insertion of the male dovetail portion into the opening of the female dovetail portion, wherein the first item is a magnet module and the second item is a rotor rim, the magnet module defining a base for housing a plurality of magnets such that the magnets are fixable to the rotor rim via the base; or
wherein the first item is a stator tooth and the second item is a stator housing, the stator tooth defining a base for a plurality of coils such that the coils are fixable to the stator housing via the base.

US Pat. No. 10,193,400

METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTING COIL ALIGNMENT ERROR IN WIRELESS INDUCTIVE POWER TRANSMISSION

Momentum Dynamics Corpora...

1. An apparatus for detecting coil alignment error in a wireless resonant inductive power transmission system comprising a primary inductive coil and a secondary inductive coil arranged to constitute a loosely coupled air core transformer whereby power in the primary inductive coil is transferred to the secondary inductive coil when the primary inductive coil is activated, comprising:at least two arc segment eddy current coils superimposed on the primary inductive coil, said at least two arc segment eddy current coils arranged to correspond with respective sectors of the primary inductive coil whereby an active eddy current coil has the effect of reducing a magnetic flux intercepted by the secondary inductive coil;
a switch connected to each arc segment eddy current coil;
a sequencer arranged to selectively activate the switch connected to each arc segment eddy current coil singularly or in unison in a switching sequence; and
a voltage detector that detects voltage variations in the secondary inductive coil during said switching sequence, whereby alignment of said primary inductive coil and said secondary inductive coil is detected by activating the eddy current coils sequentially and measuring detected voltage variations of the secondary inductive coil during the eddy current coil switching sequence, and whereby correspondence between the eddy current coil switching sequence and a largest magnetic flux variation of said secondary inductive coil indicates an error vector direction and a magnitude of magnetic flux variations of the secondary inductive coil indicate an error vector magnitude.

US Pat. No. 10,193,399

POWER SUPPLY DEVICE

FUNAI ELECTRIC CO., LTD.,...

1. A power supply device, comprising:a power supply part, capable of supplying a power to a plurality of external devices;
a communication part, capable of communicating with the external devices; and
a controller, disconnecting communication with one or more of the external devices based on a comparison of a power supplied information and predicted values of the power supplied information of the external devices in a case that a number of requests for a communication from the external devices exceeds a number that the communication part is capable of communicating with at the same time.

US Pat. No. 10,193,398

WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER AND RECEIVE METHOD, APPARATUS AND SYSTEM

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A wireless power transmitter for transferring power to a wireless power receiver in a wireless manner, the wireless power transmitter comprising:a power transmission control unit configured to detect the wireless power receiver; and
a power conversion unit configured to transfer the power to the wireless power receiver;
wherein the wireless power transmitter is configured to:
receive at least one of an identification packet or a configuration packet transmitted in a first mode from the wireless power receiver;
determine, based on the configuration packet, whether or not the wireless power receiver supports a second mode different from the first mode; and
communicate with the wireless power receiver in at least one of the first mode or the second mode when the wireless power receiver supports the second mode,
wherein the first mode is used for communication between one wireless power transmitter and one wireless power receiver, and the second mode is used for communication between one wireless power transmitter and a plurality of wireless power receivers, and
wherein the configuration packet comprises operation mode information indicating a communication execution mode supported by the wireless power receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,193,395

REPEATER RESONATOR

MINNETRONIX, INC., St. P...

1. A repeater for a wireless power transfer system, comprising:an elongated strip of material configured to be worn around a human subject with opposing ends of the elongated strip disposed in close proximity to each other;
an inductive element supported by the elongated strip and-arranged to provide a coupling with an adjacent resonator through flux directed outward from a first surface of the elongated strip; and
a capacitive element supported by the elongated strip and-arranged to resonate electromagnetic energy with the inductive element when the electromagnetic energy is transferred from the adjacent resonator through the coupling provided by the inductive element.

US Pat. No. 10,193,387

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION APPARATUS AND METHOD

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A wireless power transfer device, which is a medium-power wireless power transfer device that transfers power to a low-power wireless power reception device or a medium-power wireless power reception device, the wireless power transfer device comprising:a power conversion unit that converts electrical energy to a power signal; and
a communications and control unit that communicates with the wireless power reception device and controls power transfer,
the power conversion unit comprising:
an inverter that converts DC input to an AC waveform that drives a resonant circuit;
a primary coil that generates a magnetic field;
a shield material aligned with the primary coil; and
a current sensor that monitors current in the primary coil,
wherein the primary coil has a rectangular shape with a single layer of which a number of turns is 12, and consists of 105 strands Litz wire of which the diameter is 0.08 mm,
wherein the shield material is at least 1.5 mm thick and extends at least 2.5 mm beyond the outside of the primary coil,
wherein the primary coil and the shield material have a self-inductance 10.0 ?H, and
wherein the inverter operates in a full-bridge mode or in a half-bridge mode, the initial operation mode is set to the half-bridge mode, and if a detected wireless power reception device is the medium-power wireless power reception device, the communications and control unit changes the inverter operation mode from the half-bridge mode to the full-bridge mode alter receiving a control error packet from the wireless power reception device.

US Pat. No. 10,193,386

WIRELESS CHARGING METHOD AND SYSTEM, WIRELESS CHARGING DEVICE AND WEARABLE DEVICE

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A wireless charging method, comprising:receiving, by a charging device, electric power usage data from at least two wearable devices;
determining, by the charging device, an electric power distribution solution according to the electric power usage data, the electric power distribution solution being used to determine a charging order and charging electric power for charging one or more of the at least two wearable devices;
performing, by the charging device, wireless charging on one or more of the at least two wearable devices according to the electric power distribution solution; and
sending, by the charging device, the electric power distribution solution to at least one of the at least two wearable devices, the at least one of the at least two wearable devices controlling output load and a quantity of turns of a wireless charging coil to receive electric power, and the at least one of the at least two wearable devices controlling output of the received electric power and an output time to a service in use and a battery.

US Pat. No. 10,193,377

SEMICONDUCTOR ENERGY HARVEST AND STORAGE SYSTEM FOR CHARGING AN ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE AND POWERING A CONTROLLER AND MULTI-SENSOR MEMORY MODULE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A system, comprising:a power source;
a circuit board;
a first integrated circuit disposed on the circuit board;
a second integrated circuit separate from the first integrated circuit and disposed on the circuit board;
an energy harvesting device configured to convert energy from the first integrated circuit to electrical energy;
an energy storage device configured to store the electrical energy; and
a power supply configured to, while supplying power to the first integrated circuit from the power source, switch between supplying power from the energy storage device to the second integrated circuit and supplying power from the power source to the second integrated circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,193,372

OPERATING AN INDUCTIVE ENERGY TRANSFER SYSTEM

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A method for operating an inductive energy transfer system that includes a transmitter device and a receiver device, the receiver device including a touch sensing device, the method comprising:detecting if an input surface of the touch sensing device is touched while the transmitter device is transferring energy inductively to the receiver device; and
if the input surface is touched, the transmitter device transferring energy inductively only during a first time period and the touch sensing device obtaining touch samples only during a different second time period.

US Pat. No. 10,193,363

HYBRID COUPLING FOR A SMART BATTERY SYSTEM

Bren-Tronics, Inc., Comm...

1. A smart battery system comprising:a battery housing containing a first battery, a second battery, and first and second memory locations for storing data about said first and second batteries respectively; and
a single hybrid coupling having a mating jack comprising
(i) a power coupling including two pairs of D.C. battery conductors disposed in a first circular configuration within said mating jack for electrically connecting an external device to said first and second batteries; and
(ii) a data coupling providing two system management buses for communicating data between the external device and said first and second memory locations respectively, wherein said data coupling has two pairs of digital bus conductors disposed in a second circular configuration within said mating jack, wherein said second circular configuration is concentric with said first circular configuration,wherein said power coupling and said data coupling terminate in contacts that are arranged in the jack starting from the 12:00 position and moving clockwise as follows:a first battery conductor of said first pair of D.C. battery conductors;
a first digital bus clock data conductor of said first pair of digital bus conductors;
an additional battery-type conductor;
a first digital bus data conductor of said first pair of digital bus conductors;
a first battery conductor of said second pair of D.C. battery conductors;
an additional data-type conductor;
a second battery conductor of said first pair of D.C. battery conductors;
a second digital bus clock data conductor of said second pair of digital bus conductors;
a second battery conductor of said second pair of D.C. battery conductors; and
a second digital bus data conductor of said second pair of digital bus conductors, andwherein the external device comprises a charger, and further comprising a further battery-type conductor in the center of the jack, and wherein said additional data-type conductor provides a charge enable signal and said further battery-type conductor provides a charge enable return signal.

US Pat. No. 10,193,358

DEEP-CHARGING POWER RESOURCES OF POWER RESOURCE GROUP HAVING IDENTIFIER CORRESPONDING TO RANGE WITHIN WHICH MODULO FALLS BASED ON CHARGING TIME

HEWLETT PACKARD ENTERPRIS...

1. A method comprising:determining a total number of minutes that have elapsed since a reference time;
computing a product of a number of power resource groups and a time to charge, each power resource group comprising a plurality of power resources, the time to charge specifying a length of time to charge each power resource;
computing a modulo of the determined total number of minutes divided by the computed product;
deep-charging power resources of a given power resource group responsive to the computed modulo being inside a range based on a numeric identifier of the given power resource group and the time to charge;
determining that the given power resource group is within a threshold amount of time from a start or an end of a charging window associated with the given power resource group;
starting deep-charging of the given power resource group responsive to determining that the given power resource group is at the threshold amount of time from the start of the charging window; and
ending deep-charging of the given power resource group responsive to determining that the given power resource group is at the threshold amount of time from the end of the charging window.

US Pat. No. 10,193,357

ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM

TWS (MACAU COMMERCIAL OFF...

1. An energy storage system comprising:a plurality of battery building blocks which contribute load current to the output of the energy storage system, the battery building blocks comprising one or more electrical cell and a cell controller;
a system controller for providing functional control of the energy storage system and communication to an external host;
one or more system charger for charging the cells in the battery building blocks, wherein each battery building block is associated with an integrated charger;
an interface which provides a separate connection for at least two battery building blocks to allow the at least two battery building blocks to be separately removed from the energy storage system wherein, the system controller;
monitors the condition of the battery building blocks and determines a requirement to replace one of said battery building blocks; and
diverts the flow of current from the integrated charger associated with the battery building block to be replaced, wherein the charger provides a contribution to the load current in place of the contribution to the load current from the battery building block being replaced to allow said battery building block to be replaced whilst the energy storage system is in operation.

US Pat. No. 10,193,355

ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. An electric power supply system, comprising:a first power storage device of high capacity type;
a second power storage device of high output type;
a charge control device for controlling power charge to the first power storage device and the second power storage device; and
a user input device for entering a command of a user;
wherein the power charge control device is configured to determine whether or not the first power storage device and the second power storage device can be charged up to a target residual capacity until a scheduled next use start time, and, when it is determined that the first power storage device and the second power storage device cannot be charged up to the target residual capacity until the scheduled use start time, either one or both of the first power storage device and the second power storage device are charged according to precedence which is inputted through the user input device to prioritize charge of one of the first power storage device and the second power storage device over charge of the other of the first power storage device and the second power storage device.

US Pat. No. 10,193,354

NEAR ZERO VOLT STORAGE TOLERANT ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS THROUGH REVERSIBLE ION MANAGEMENT

Rochester Institute of Te...

1. An electrochemical cell, comprising:a positive electrode;
a negative electrode; and
an electrolyte, wherein the electrochemical cell contains reversible ions in an amount sufficient to maintain a negative electrode potential verses reference level that is less than a damage potential of the negative electrode and a positive electrode potential verses reference level that is greater than a damage potential of the positive electrode of the cell under an applied load at a near zero cell voltage state, such that the cell is capable of recharge from the near zero cell voltage state.

US Pat. No. 10,193,351

HYBRID DISTRIBUTED LOW VOLTAGE POWER SYSTEMS

COOPER TECHNOLOGIES COMPA...

1. A hybrid distributed low voltage power system, comprising:a first primary power source that distributes line voltage power during a first mode of operation and fails to distribute the line voltage power during a second mode of operation, wherein the first mode of operation is when a market price for the line voltage power is less than a threshold value, and wherein the second mode of operation is when the market price for the line voltage power is greater than the threshold value;
a first secondary power source that receives an input signal during the first mode of operation and distributes a reserve signal during the second mode of operation, wherein the reserve signal is generated from the input signal;
a power distribution module (PDM) coupled to the first primary power source and the first secondary power source, wherein the PDM comprises a first power transfer device and a first output channel, wherein the PDM receives the line voltage power from the first primary power source during the first mode of operation, and wherein the first power transfer device generates a first low-voltage (LV) signal using the line voltage power during the first mode of operation; and
at least one first LV device coupled to the first output channel of the PDM, wherein the at least one LV device operates using the first LV signal generated by the PDM during the first mode of operation, and wherein the at least one first LV device receives a reserve LV signal based on the reserve signal during the second mode of operation,
wherein the LV signal is up to 100 VAC or up to 60 VDC, and
wherein the input signal is generated by the primary power source or the PDM.

US Pat. No. 10,193,349

DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

NABTESCO CORPORATION, To...

1. A distribution system for use in an aircraft, comprising:a central distributor provided in the aircraft and operatively connected with a power generator of an aircraft for receiving power from the power generator;
a plurality of electrical devices situated in the aircraft for performing predetermined operations, respectively;
a distal distributor provided at a location which is away from the central distributor;
a first power source wire connecting the central distributor to the distal distributor for supplying the received power to the distal distributor; and
a plurality of second power source wires connecting the distal distributor to the plurality of electrical devices for distributing the supplied power to the plurality of electrical devices, respectively,
wherein the distal distributor includes a primary monitoring controller for monitoring an operational state of each of the plurality of electrical devices,
wherein each of the plurality of electrical devices includes an electric actuator, and the distal distributor is configured to be electrically connectable to each of the electric actuators,
wherein the primary monitoring controller is configured to diagnose the operational state of each of the electric actuators, and
wherein the primary monitoring controller includes a health monitoring portion configured to diagnose the operational state of each of the electric actuators by comparing a power amount supplied from the distal distributor to the electric actuator and a mechanical output amount of the electric actuator.

US Pat. No. 10,193,344

POWER STORAGE SYSTEM, POWER STORAGE MODULE, AND CONTROL METHOD

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A power storage system, comprising:a plurality of power storage modules that are connected in parallel to a power line; and
a system voltage acquisition unit that obtains a system voltage in the power line,
a power storage module of the plurality of power storage modules including:
a power storage section that is formed of one or more storage batteries, and
a current control unit that comprises at least one variable resistor and a resistance control unit,
wherein the resistance control unit sets a resistance value of the at least one variable resistor based on a voltage difference that exceeds a threshold voltage,
wherein the voltage difference is between a voltage of the power storage section and the system voltage, and
wherein the current control unit controls a current that flows between the power storage section and the power line according to the set resistance value.

US Pat. No. 10,193,316

CORRUGATED TUBE AND WIRE HARNESS

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A corrugated tube, which has a tubular shape and is configured such that a conductor path is inserted into an inside the tubular shape thereof, the corrugated tube comprising:a bellow portion having recessed grooves and projecting stripes which are alternately arrayed in a longitudinal direction of the tubular shape and extend in a circumferential direction of the tubular shape; and
a rib formed in a portion of the bellow portion in the longitudinal direction, extending in the longitudinal direction, wherein
at least one of corners of a sectional shape of the rib viewed from the longitudinal direction is a curved portion having a predetermined curvature radius, and
the rib intersects more than two of the projecting stripes.

US Pat. No. 10,193,314

POWER DISTRIBUTION PANEL WITH MODULAR CIRCUIT PROTECTION ELEMENTS

CommScope Technologies LL...

8. A body element of a circuit module comprising:a main body sized to be received into a slot of a power panel;
a bullet-nosed input power connection extending rearwardly from the main body;
an output power bus extending rearwardly from the main body, the output power bus including an output terminal;
an electrical connector on a rear side of the main body and positioned for connection to a backplane of a power panel; and
a pair of bullet-nosed connector receptacles in a front side of the main body, the pair of bullet nosed connector receptacles spaced apart to receive bullet-nosed connectors of a circuit protection module.

US Pat. No. 10,193,312

HIGH FREQUENCY DISCHARGE IGNITION APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A high frequency discharge ignition apparatus for coupling high frequency energy supplied from a high frequency energy supply circuit, with a high voltage pulse supplied from an ignition coil, and supplying the coupled energy to an ignition plug, the high frequency discharge ignition apparatus comprising:a first housing having therein an output circuit for supplying the coupled energy to the ignition plug;
a second housing having therein the high frequency energy supply circuit; and
a connection member electrically connecting the output circuit and the high frequency energy supply circuit to each other, wherein
the first housing and the second housing are fixed to each other with faces thereof opposed to each other, and
the connection member is connected via pass-through portions provided at positions that are close to each other in the respective opposed faces.

US Pat. No. 10,193,308

SEMICONDUCTOR LASER WITH TENSILE STRAINED INALAS ELECTRON BLOCKER FOR 1310 NANOMETER HIGH TEMPERATURE OPERATION

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A multiple quantum well (MQW) laser for operating at high temperatures, comprising:at least one quantum well made of compressively strained Indium-Gallium-Aluminum-Arsenide (InGaAlAs) layers that are alternatively stacked with tensile strained InGaAlAs layers;
the at least one quantum well surrounded on one side by a n-doped cladding of Indium-Phosphide (InP) and on another side by a p-doped cladding of InP so as to form a double hetero-junction;
a confinement layer of lattice-matched Indium Aluminum Arsenide (InAlAs)
provided between the at least one quantum well and the p-doped InP cladding, the confinement layer having a first surface facing or adjacent to the quantum wells and a second surface facing or adjacent to the p-doped InP cladding;
an additional electron containment layer of tensile strained InAlAs, having a thickness smaller than that of the confinement layer, and provided either facing or adjacent to a surface of the confinement layer or between the two surfaces of the confinement layer.

US Pat. No. 10,193,305

WAVELENGTH TUNABLE LASER DEVICE AND LASER MODULE

FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LT...

1. A wavelength tunable laser device, comprising:a laser cavity formed of a grating and a reflecting mirror optically coupled to the grating, said reflecting mirror including a ring resonator filter;
a gain portion arranged within the laser cavity; and
a phase adjusting portion arranged within the laser cavity,
wherein the grating forms a first comb-shaped reflection spectrum,
wherein the ring resonator filter of the reflecting mirror includes:
a ring-shaped waveguide; and
two arms that are respectively optically coupled to different points of the ring-shaped waveguide,
wherein the reflecting mirror further includes a coupler that unites respective ends of said two arms of the ring resonator filter on one end and that is optically coupled to the grating on another end,
wherein the reflecting mirror forms a second comb-shaped reflection spectrum having peaks of a narrower full width at half maximum than a full width at half maximum of peaks in the first comb-shaped reflection spectrum at a wavelength interval differing from a wavelength interval of the first comb-shaped reflection spectrum,
wherein the grating and the reflecting mirror are configured such that one of the peaks in the first comb-shaped reflection spectrum and one of the peaks in the second comb-shaped reflection spectrum are overlappable on a wavelength axis,
wherein the wavelength tunable laser device is configured to adjust a refractive index of the phase adjusting portion such that one of the cavity modes of the laser cavity enters an overlap region in which said one of the peaks in the first comb-shaped reflection spectrum and said one of the peaks in the second comb-shaped reflection spectrum are overlapped, thereby achieving laser oscillation at a wavelength of said one of the cavity modes,
wherein the laser cavity is configured such that a spacing between cavity modes is narrower than the full width at half maximum of the peaks in the first comb-shaped reflection spectrum, and such that two or more of the cavity modes are included within a peak in the first comb-shaped reflection spectrum,
wherein the wavelength tunable laser device is configured to adjust the refractive index of the phase adjusting portion so as to shift said two or more cavity modes on the wavelength axis and align only one of said two or more cavity modes with said overlap region, thereby achieving single mode laser oscillation at said one of said two or more cavity modes,
wherein the peaks in the second comb-shaped reflection spectrum protrude up higher than the peaks in the first comb-shaped reflection spectrum, and
wherein the refractive index of the phase adjustable portion is adjustable while maintaining a state in which the peaks in the second comb-shaped reflection spectrum protrude up higher than the peaks in the first comb-shaped reflection spectrum.

US Pat. No. 10,193,304

FAILSAFE PULSED LASER DRIVER

INTEL CORPORATION, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprising:a laser array having a plurality of lasers; and
a laser driver coupled to the laser array, wherein the laser driver comprises
a current limiter to limit a maximum current provided to the laser array at or below a combined threshold current of lasers in the laser array;
one or more capacitors coupled to current limiter and the laser array, the one or more capacitors to be charged in response to current from the current limiter;
a switch coupled to the one or more capacitors operable to cause current from the one or more capacitors to flow through the laser array.

US Pat. No. 10,193,301

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE AND LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

NICHIA CORPORATION, Anan...

1. A method of manufacturing a light emitting device, the method comprising:providing a wafer including a conductive first substrate, a laser element structure on an upper side of the first substrate, and an upper surface electrode on an upper surface of the laser element structure;
bonding the wafer to a second substrate at an upper surface electrode side of the wafer;
removing a portion of the first substrate to reduce a thickness of the wafer;
forming a lower surface electrode on a lower surface of the first substrate at which the removing of the portion of the first substrate has been performed;
singulating the wafer to obtain a laser element; and
mounting the laser element on a submount such that the lower surface electrode faces the submount.

US Pat. No. 10,193,293

SEMICONDUCTOR INSPECTION AND METROLOGY SYSTEM USING LASER PULSE MULTIPLIER

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A method of generating output pulsed light at an output repetition pulse rate that is a multiplication factor greater than an input repetition pulse frequency of input laser pulses, the method comprising:optically splitting each input laser pulse of the input laser pulses into a plurality of pulses;
reflecting the plurality of pulses using a mirror and one or more multi-surface reflecting components including one or more partially reflective surfaces operably arranged and spaced apart such that the plurality of pulses are grouped into pulse trains that are of approximately equal energy and are approximately equally spaced in time; and
transmitting a set of the pulse trains as the output pulsed light.

US Pat. No. 10,193,292

JIG AND PRESS-FITTING DEVICE COMPRISING THIS JIG

J.S.T. MFG. CO., LTD., O...

1. A jig for guiding insertions of a plurality of press-fit terminals, comprising:a jig unit for installing the plurality of press-fit terminals which have shoulders and press-fit sections being formed wider than a width of a terminal main body and are arranged in at least one row, the jig unit being assembled by a plurality of plate-shaped bodies made of metal, wherein the jig unit comprises:
at least one sheet of movable guide member being formed in a comb-teeth shape having a plurality of guide grooves extending along a vertical direction into which the terminal main bodies can be fitted,
at least one sheet of insertion punch being formed in a comb-teeth shape having a plurality of punch grooves extending along the vertical direction corresponding to the guide grooves and being formed with pressing sections at the punch grooves for pressing the shoulders of the press-fit terminals, and
one sheet of rear surface plate body,
wherein the at least one sheet of movable guide member and the at least one sheet of insertion punch are alternately disposed along a front and a rear direction orthogonal to the vertical direction so that each surface of the at least of one sheet of movable guide member and the at least one sheet of insertion punch is faced to each other,
wherein the movable guide member and the rear surface plate body are attached so as to be upwardly and downwardly movable with respect to the insertion punch, and wherein when the press-fit terminals are installed to a member to be installed, and during the press-fit sections are adapted to be press fitted to the member to be installed by the insertion punch, the movable guide member and the rear surface plate body move upward with respect to the insertion punch after the lower ends of the movable guide member and the insertion punch are adapted to abut to the member to be installed.

US Pat. No. 10,193,289

PLUG-IN POWER SOURCE ADAPTING SEAT

Rich Brand Industries Lim...

1. A plug-in power source adapting seat composed of a main body, an adapting barrel, a positive pole clip, a negative pole clip and a joining body, wherein:the main body is integrally formed by a cylinder like portion and a disc like portion, the cylinder like portion has a straight-type external surface, the top surface of the cylinder like portion is opened, an inside of the cylinder like portion is disposed with a positive pole clip slot and a negative pole clip slot, an outward appearance of the cylinder like portion is formed with a shield ring at a small distance away from a bottom of the cylinder like portion, the bottom is circularly disposed with a plurality of slots, a circumference wall is disposed with a notch; the disc like portion is formed at the bottom of the cylinder like portion and formed with an expanded area, the bottom of the disc like portion is formed with a set of inserting troughs, the set of inserting troughs inwardly passing through and respectively piercing through the positive pole clip slot and the negative pole clip slot inside the cylinder like portion;
the adapting barrel is formed by a conductive material and has a cylinder shape, a circumference wall of the adapting barrel is formed with a screwing strip as a spiral shape, a bottom of the screwing strip is a vertical wall, the vertical wall is circularly disposed with a plurality of concave bodies, a top surface of the adapting barrel is formed with an opening and is embedded with an insulation body, the insulation body has a joining groove vertically penetrating;
a sheet body of the positive pole clip is formed with an extension and a bending, the positive pole clip obliquely protrudes to form a fasten piece, and a bottom of the positive pole clip is formed into a clamp line end;
a sheet body of the negative pole clip is formed with an extension and a bending, the negative pole clip obliquely protrudes to form a fasten piece, and a bottom of the negative pole clip is formed into a clamp line end; and
the joining body is formed by a conductive material to have a top cover showing an arc shape and a joining lever downwardly stretching, the top cover covers the opening of the adapting barrel, and an external diameter of the joining lever equals an inner diameter of the joining groove;
in assembling, the positive pole clip is downwardly accommodated into the positive pole clip slot from a top opening of the main body so that the clamp line end of the positive pole clip aligns with one of the set of inserting troughs, with the fasten piece of the positive pole clip and the positive pole clip slop achieving fastening and positioning; the negative pole clip is downwardly accommodated into the negative pole clip slot so that the clamp line end of the negative pole clip aligns with another of the set of inserting troughs, the fasten piece of the negative pole clip and the negative pole clip slot achieves fastening and positioning, after positioning the negative pole clip, a top section of the negative pole clip stretches from the notch of the cylinder like portion; the adapting barrel downwardly fits the cylinder like portion to enable the screwing strip of the adapting barrel to exist on the straight-type external surface of the cylinder like portion, the vertical wall is downwardly and vertically disposed from the shield ring of the cylinder like portion, the plurality of concave bodies of the adapting barrel is fastened into a corresponding slot of the cylinder like portion one on one so that the adapting barrel and the cylinder like portion achieve a combination, in the process, the top section of the negative pole clip achieves electric conductance together with the adapting barrel, at the same time, a top section of the positive pole clip enters the joining groove of the insulation body at a top end of the adapting barrel, the joining lever of the joining body pierces through the joining groove of the insulation body from an outside, the joining lever is in contact with the top section of the positive pole clip, the joining lever and the joining groove performing a packing motion, achieve an electric conductance together with the top section of the positive pole clip, and at the same time, the top cover completely covers the opening of the adapting barrel.

US Pat. No. 10,193,283

BUSWAY STAB ASSEMBLIES AND RELATED SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A plug-in device for use with a busway system comprising a busway housing defining a longitudinal axis, the plug-in device comprising:a stab base housing having first and second opposite sides;
one or more stab conductors extending out of and away from the stab base housing at the first side of the stab base housing;
one or more stab conductors extending out of and away from the stab base housing at the second side of the stab base housing; and
a ground conductor at an upper portion of the stab base housing;
wherein the stab base housing is configured to be received through an opening at a bottom portion of the busway housing and positioned in a first position with each stab conductor extending away from the stab base housing in a direction substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of the busway housing and with the ground conductor contacting a top wall of the busway housing;
wherein the stab base housing is configured to be rotated from the first position to a second position with each stab conductor extending away from the stab base housing in a direction substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the busway housing and with the ground conductor contacting the top wall of the busway housing;
wherein:
an enclosure is coupled to a lower portion of the stab base housing;
a cable extends from each stab conductor and from the ground conductor to outside the stab base housing at the lower portion thereof; and
each cable is electrically connected to one or more components in the enclosure.

US Pat. No. 10,193,282

PUSH-ON COAXIAL CONNECTOR

PERFECTVISION MANUFACTURI...

1. A push-on F-type coaxial connector comprising:an electrically insulating bonnet including a port grip;
the bonnet including a mouth and a collar with a throat therebetween;
a post including a tubular stem, a neck, and an end bell;
the end bell in the bonnet throat and the neck in the bonnet collar;
a body forming an annular space about the post stem;
a body collar adjacent to the bonnet collar;
the post irrotatably fixed with respect to the bonnet and the body; and,
resilient end bell fingers for spreading to accept a port and the bonnet for resisting spreading of the end bell fingers.

US Pat. No. 10,193,281

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY HAVING A SHIELD ASSEMBLY

TE CONNECTIVITY CORPORATI...

1. A connector assembly for terminating a cable having a cable shield that is electrically conductive, the connector assembly comprising:a backshell that is electrically conductive comprising a body that extends from a mating end to a cable end along a mating axis of the connector assembly, the backshell configured to provide shielding for an electrical connector configured to be received in the backshell at the mating end, the cable end comprising a cable channel that extends through the body and is configured to hold an end segment of the cable therein;
a shield assembly comprising a clamp system, wherein the clamp system is electrically conductive and held within the cable end of the body of the backshell, the clamp system comprising a front clamping member and a rear clamping member, the cable shield of the cable configured to terminate to the front clamping member and to the rear clamping member of the clamp system between the front clamping member and the rear clamping member; and
an electromagnetic interference (EMI) gasket, wherein the EMI gasket is electrically coupled to the backshell and held within the cable end of the body of the backshell, the EMI gasket comprising a backshell interface and a clamp interface, wherein the backshell interface is configured to engage the backshell and the clamp interface is configured to engage an exterior surface of at least one of the front clamping member or the rear clamping member of the clamp system.

US Pat. No. 10,193,276

CONNECTOR HOUSING ASSEMBLY WITH COUPLING STRUCTURES

Sumitomo Wiring Systems, ...

1. A connector housing assembly configured to house an electrical connector, the connector housing assembly comprising:a connector housing having a pair of side walls, a front wall, a back wall, and a bottom wall defining a connector cavity configured to receive an electric connector and having a plurality of terminal cavities;
a terminal position assurance having a top surface, a bottom surface, a plurality of first terminal slots, and a pair of walls, the terminal position assurance configured to be seated in the connector cavity;
a male blade stabilizer having a top surface, a bottom surface, a plurality of second terminal slots, and an aperture having a pair of inner edges defining sides of the aperture, wherein each of the pair of inner edges is offset from the other, the male blade stabilizer is configured to be seated in the connector cavity over the terminal position assurance, wherein a width of each of the pair of walls of the terminal position assurance is the same length as a corresponding one of the pair of inner edges of the aperture and abuts the corresponding inner edges of the aperture when the male blade stabilizer is seated over the terminal position assurance.

US Pat. No. 10,193,275

ELECTRICAL CONNECTION DEVICE

AutoNetworks Technologies...

1. An electrical connection device, comprising:a connector unit including first connectors aligned along a specific arrangement direction;
second connectors respectively connectable to the first connectors in a connector connecting direction perpendicular to the arrangement direction; and
a connector connecting tool for connecting the respective first and second connectors;
the connector connecting tool detachably holding the second connectors in an alignment corresponding to that of the first connectors so that the first connectors and the second connectors are connectable;
one of the connector unit and the connector connecting tool including a guided portion, and the other including a guiding portion for guiding the guided portion while being engaged with the guided portion;
the guiding portion including a receiving portion for enabling the engagement of the connector unit and the connector connecting tool by receiving the guided portion in a receiving direction having a component of a direction parallel to the connector connecting direction, a connection guiding portion for allowing the connector connecting tool to be operated in a tool operating direction parallel to the arrangement direction with respect to the connector unit with the guided portion received in the receiving portion and guiding the guided portion in a connection guiding direction inclined toward the connector connecting direction with respect to a direction parallel to the tool operating direction to displace the connector connecting tool in the connector connecting direction with respect to the connector unit with a force larger than an operation force received by the connector connecting tool as the connector connecting tool is operated, and a separation allowing portion for releasing the guided portion in a separating direction having a component of a direction opposite to the receiving direction to allow the guided portion to be separated from the connection guiding portion in the separating direction after the connection.

US Pat. No. 10,193,273

PLUG-IN CONNECTION HAVING A LOCKING ELEMENT

1. A connector assembly comprising:a plug connector housing;
a mating plug connector that can be assembled with the housing;
a superstructure on the housing;
a locking element receivable in the superstructure and movable therein between a partially latched position and a fully latched position;
first mutually complementary latch formations on the plug connector and on the locking element that prevent movement of the locking element from the partially latched position out of the superstructure prior to insertion of the mating plug connector into the housing;
second mutually complementary latch formations on the mating plug connector and on the locking element, the second mutually complementary latch formations being actuated by insertion of the mating plug connector into the plug connector so that the locking element can be moved into its fully latched position; and
third mutually complementary latch formations on the plug connector housing and on the locking element that lock together the locking element and the plug connector only when the locking element has been moved into the fully latched position.

US Pat. No. 10,193,267

MULTIFUNCTION CONNECTOR

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. An elongated electrical connector for mating with a mating connector along a mating direction, the connector comprising:an elongated base extending along a longitudinal direction perpendicular to the mating direction and comprising a groove oriented along a thickness direction perpendicular to the mating and longitudinal directions, and a sliding portion configured to slide along the groove;
a bottom tongue extending forwardly along the mating direction from the base;
a top tongue extending forwardly along the mating direction from the sliding portion of the base and spaced apart from the bottom tongue along the thickness direction, the top tongue reversibly attachable to and removable from the connector by the sliding portion of the base sliding along the groove; and
a plurality of contacts disposed on the top and bottom tongues.

US Pat. No. 10,193,266

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR DEVICE

1. An electrical connector device comprising a signal terminal housing and a protective casing, a first opening disposed at a rear end of the signal terminal housing, and a plurality of slots disposed at an upper portion of a front end of the signal terminal housing, a second opening disposed at a front end of the protective casing, and a first round hole disposed at a rear end of the protective casing, wherein a shell is disposed at the second opening of the front end of the protective casing, the shell is hollow, and a third opening is disposed at a front end of the shell and is used to receive the rear end of the signal terminal housing having the first opening, a second round hole corresponding to the first round hole of the rear end of the protective casing is disposed at a rear end of the shell;wherein an open space is disposed at a front half section of a front face of the shell, and a shield plate is disposed at a rear half section of the front face of the shell, a mouth is disposed at the shield plate, a sheet extends from an edge of the mouth;
wherein the sheet extending from the edge of the mouth of the shield plate is set to abut against the signal terminal housing, a recess is disposed at an upper portion of the rear end of the signal terminal housing, the sheet extending from the edge of the mouth of the shield plate is set to abut against and in the recess of the upper portion of the rear end of the signal terminal housing.

US Pat. No. 10,193,265

PROTECTIVE CAP

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A protective cap used when a male inner housing to which a plurality of male terminals and a plurality of electric wires are attached is passed through a bellows-shaped tubular portion of a grommet in a case that a connector is to be used, a male outer housing mounted on an annular seal portion of the grommet and the male inner housing accommodated in an inner housing accommodating chamber in the male outer housing in a state where the male inner housing accommodates and holds the male terminals connected to the electric wires constitutes the connector, the protective cap comprising:a cap main body having circular shape and including an accommodating recessed portion configured to accommodate tab portions of the male terminals protruding more than a front face of the male inner housing, at least a front side of the male inner housing being fitted into the accommodating recessed portion,
wherein
an outer diameter of the cap main body is smaller than an inner diameter of the bellows-shaped tubular portion of the grommet, and
the cap main body comprises a disc-shaped front portion that covers the male terminals protruding more than the front face of the male inner housing.

US Pat. No. 10,193,262

ELECTRICAL DEVICE HAVING AN INSULATOR WAFER

TE CONNECTIVITY CORPORATI...

1. An electrical device comprising:a substrate having a signal contact and a ground contact along a surface of the substrate;
an insulator wafer having a front surface, a rear surface, and an opening, the front surface facing the signal contact, the insulator wafer also having an upper edge and a lower edge, wherein the insulator wafer is disposed inside the electrical device between the substrate and a ground bus bar; and
a communication cable including a signal conductor, an insulator surrounding the signal conductor, and a shield layer that surrounds the insulator, wherein the upper edge of the insulator wafer is substantially planar with the shield layer of the communication cable; wherein the insulator has a terminating end and the shield layer has a terminating end substantially coplanar with the terminating end of the insulator, a terminating end of the signal conductor extending beyond the terminating end of the insulator; wherein the terminating end of the signal conductor projects through the opening of the insulator wafer to electrically couple with the signal contact, the insulator wafer electrically isolating the shield layer from the signal contact;
wherein the front surface of the insulator wafer pressingly seats against the signal contact.

US Pat. No. 10,193,261

GENDERLESS ELECTRIC TERMINALS FOR VEHICLES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A genderless terminal comprising:a first arm;
a second arm opposite the first arm;
a wall integrally connecting the first arm and the second arm to define a slot, wherein the first arm, the second arm, and the wall extends a length of the genderless terminal; and
a first flexible contact extending from a first end of the first arm and protruding into the slot to engage a first arm of a different genderless terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,193,260

MULTI-CONTACT CONNECTOR

IRISO ELECTRONICS CO., LT...

1. A multi-contact connector comprising: terminals each includinga first contact piece section having a first contact section that achieves pressing contact with a connection target object in a first direction and a first elastic arm that extends in a direction that intersects the first direction and displaceably supports the first contact section, and
a second contact piece section having a second contact section that achieves pressing contact with the connection target object in the first direction and a second elastic arm that displaceably supports the second contact section,
wherein the second elastic arm extends in the first direction toward the first elastic arm and has a front end portion facing the first elastic arm and is formed as a spring piece linked to the second contact section.

US Pat. No. 10,193,259

RECEPTACLE CONNECTOR HOUSING WITH HOLD-DOWN RIBS

TE CONNECTIVITY CORPORATI...

1. A receptacle connector comprising:a housing including a mating end and a cable end and defining a cavity therebetween, the housing including a top wall, a bottom wall, and first and second side walls that extend between and connect the top wall and the bottom wall, the housing including a first hold-down rib in a first corner region of the cavity defined by the top wall and the first side wall, and a second hold-down rib in a second corner region of the cavity defined by the top wall and the second side wall, the first hold-down rib extending from the first side wall, the second hold-down rib extending from the second side wall; and
a terminal held in the cavity of the housing, the terminal having a contact segment that includes a floor and first and second rolled walls that extend from the floor, the floor engaging the bottom wall of the housing, the contact segment defining a receptacle configured to receive a mating tab contact therein through the mating end of the housing,
wherein the first hold-down rib extends over the terminal and is configured to engage an outer surface of the first rolled wall of the terminal and the second hold-down rib extends over the terminal and is configured to engage an outer surface of the second rolled wall of the terminal such that the terminal is held vertically between the bottom wall of the housing and the first and second hold-down ribs of the housing to limit vertical float of the terminal within the cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,193,253

SLANTED TYPE CARD EDGE CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. A card edge connector for mounting to a printed circuit board, comprising:an insulative housing including a pair of side walls extending along a longitudinal direction with a central slot therebeween in a transverse direction perpendicular to said longitudinal direction;
said housing forming a mounting face for mounting toward the printed circuit board wherein the housing extends in a plane oblique to said mounting face;
a pair of towers located at two ends of the housing in said longitudinal direction, each of said towers including a lower part and an upper part extending in a vertical direction perpendicular to both said longitudinal direction and said transverse direction; and
a pair of ejectors rotatably disposed in the corresponding towers, respectively; wherein
a width of the upper part along the transverse direction is dimensioned smaller than that of the lower part for densely arranging, on the printed circuit board, two card edge connectors in a front-to-back direction which is perpendicular to the longitudinal direction while being oblique to both said vertical direction and said transverse direction;
wherein the upper part has a recess in a downward face for receiving a bottom region of the lower part of the tower of another card edge connector therebehind in said front-to-back direction.

US Pat. No. 10,193,252

ELECTRONIC COMPONENT AND IMAGING DEVICE

IRISO ELECTRONICS CO., LT...

1. An electronic component comprising:a housing accommodating an imaging component including a board having a first contact portion and a second contact portion; and
an external device connection portion conductively connecting the imaging component to an external device,
wherein the external device connection portion includes a first rod-shaped contact piece that conductively contacts the first contact portion, a conductive first elastic member that urges the first rod-shaped contact piece toward the first contact portion, a dielectric that is formed in a tubular shape and has an accommodation hole accommodating the first rod-shaped contact piece and the first elastic member displaceably in the hole axis direction, and an external conductor that is formed in a tubular shape and holds the outer periphery of the dielectric.

US Pat. No. 10,193,250

SUBSTRATE AND TERMINALS FOR POWER MODULE AND POWER MODULE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A substrate for a power module, comprising:a first part, a second part, and a third part on a same surface of an underlying part of the substrate, wherein
the first part, the second part, and the third part are spaced apart from each other, electrically insulated from each other, and not directly contacting each other,
the third part surrounds the first part and the second part,
the third part is a continuous structure,
a first element module is on the third part,
all of the first part, the second part, and the third part are conductive,
the third part defines an opening over the same surface of the underlying part of the substrate,
the first part and the second part are in the opening defined by the third part,
the opening is between a first region of the third part and a second region of the third part,
the first region of the third part and the second region of the third part are spaced apart from each other in a first direction,
the first region of the third part includes a control pin installation region or an output terminal installation region, and
a width of the first region of the third part in the first direction is different than a width of the second region of the third part in the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,193,249

CONNECTOR COMPONENT AND RETENTION MECHANISM FOR M.2 FORM FACTOR MODULE

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A connector system, comprising:a connector component including a first connector portion and a second connector portion, the first connector portion comprising a plurality of contacts to couple with a printed circuit board, and the second connector portion comprising a plurality of contacts to couple with a first end of a M.2 form factor module; and
a retention mechanism mounted on a system component, the retention mechanism to retain a second end of the M.2 form factor module, the retention mechanism positioned directly above the connector component along an axis that extends perpendicularly from a planar surface of the printed circuit board, wherein the system component is fixedly coupled directly to the printed circuit board, wherein the retention mechanism comprises at least one selected from an attachment screw and a retaining post;
wherein the second connector portion is to receive the M.2 form factor module in an upright orientation such that neither a front surface nor a rear surface of the M.2 form factor module substantially faces the planar surface of the printed circuit board,
wherein the system component is adjacent to the connector component on the printed circuit board;
wherein the system component is a power supply.

US Pat. No. 10,193,247

ELECTRICAL CONTACT SPRING WITH EXTENSIONS

Lear Corporation, Southf...

1. An electrical terminal assembly comprising:a contact member including a contact base that defines an interior space and a plurality of contact arms that extends from the contact base in an arm direction; and
a spring member supported on the contact member and including a spring base that extends through the interior space, a plurality of spring arms that extends from the spring base in the arm direction and engages the plurality of contact arms, a shroud that extends in the arm direction around and beyond the contact arms, and a shroud extension that extends from the shroud opposite the arm direction and engages the contact base.

US Pat. No. 10,193,246

MULTIPURPOSE SOCKET FOR ELECTRICAL UTILITY REPAIR APPLICATION

1. A socket for engaging a bolt of a hot line clamp, the socket comprising:a socket comprising a cylindrical socket body having an open top end and an open bottom end, the open bottom end having a square inner surface for mating with a drill;
two upwardly protruding diametrically-opposed protuberances for straddling and mating with an eyelet of a hot line clamp, the eyelet sharing a common axis with the socket;
wherein the socket is adapted to rotate axially to tighten a line clamp.

US Pat. No. 10,193,244

PUSH-IN CLAMP RETAINER, PUSH-IN CLAMP ASSEMBLY AND ELECTRIC CONNECTOR ELEMENT

TE Connectivity Germany G...

1. A push-in clamp retainer comprising:a surrounding wall in a lateral direction that forms at least one lateral contraction of the push-in clamp retainer at which opposite sides of the surrounding wall are positioned closer to one another, the at least one lateral contraction having a receiving member formed as a slit extending through the surrounding wall, at least one recess in the surrounding wall extending from the least one lateral contraction to an upper edge of the surrounding wall and communicating with the slit; and
a spring member fixed to the receiving member of the surrounding wall and secured in the slit.

US Pat. No. 10,193,242

PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD BASED COMMUNICATIONS PLUGS THAT ARE SUITABLE FOR FIELD TERMINATION AND PATCH CORDS INCLUDING SUCH PLUGS

CommScope, Inc. of North ...

18. A method of terminating a communications cable into a communications plug, the method comprising:mounting first through eighth wire connection terminals on a rear portion of a printed circuit board so that the first through eighth wire connection terminals extend rearwardly of a rear edge of the printed circuit board;
mounting first through eight plug blades on a forward portion of the printed circuit board;
mounting the printed circuit board within a housing of the communications plug;
terminating first through eighth insulated conductors of the communications cable into a wire guide; and then
inserting the wire guide into the housing to terminate the first through eighth insulated conductors into the respective first through eighth wire connection terminals.

US Pat. No. 10,193,241

FIXING STRUCTURE AND FIXING METHOD

Japan Aviation Electronic...

1. A fixing method for fixing a terminal to an object to be fixed with a solder disposed therebetween, the fixing method comprising:a first step of disposing the solder on the object to be fixed;
a second step of bringing the terminal into contact with the solder; and
a third step of forming a penetrating hole in the terminal by irradiating a laser beam onto the terminal,
wherein in the third step, the laser beam is irradiated onto the terminal in such a manner that the solder melted by the irradiation of the laser beam passes through the penetrating hole and reaches the vicinity of an upper end of the penetrating hole, and
wherein in the third step, the laser beam is irradiated onto the terminal while the terminal is pressed against the solder by an external force or a weight of a connector including the terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,193,238

DIPOLE ANTENNA ELEMENT WITH OPEN-END TRACES

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. A base station antenna, comprising:an array of low-band radiating elements that are configured to operate in a first frequency band; and
an array of high-band radiating elements that are configured to operate in a second frequency band that encompasses frequencies that are higher than frequencies of the first frequency band,
wherein a first of the low-band radiating elements comprises a first printed circuit board feed stalk that includes:
a feed line that includes a balun; and
an open-ended trace that is electrically connected to a ground plane and that is configured to reduce the flow of radio frequency energy in the second frequency band on the first printed circuit board feed stalk,
wherein the open-ended trace has a length that is a quarter wavelength of a wavelength corresponding to the second frequency band.

US Pat. No. 10,193,237

MULTI-FIN FLARED RADIATOR

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A flared antenna, comprising:a grounded prong; and
an energized prong, wherein the grounded prong and the energized prong each comprise a plurality of fins, and
wherein the grounded prong and the energized prong each comprise a lower portion and an upper portion, wherein the lower portion of the grounded prong and the lower portion of the energized prong are separated by a cavity, and wherein the energized prong protrudes horizontally over the grounded prong to form a horizontal gap.

US Pat. No. 10,193,236

HIGHLY ISOLATED SECTOR ANTENNA FOR CONCURRENT RADIO OPERATION

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A mesh network device comprising:a metal housing having four side walls that form an inner chamber in a center of the metal housing;
four sectored reflectors, each of the four sectored reflectors disposed at an outer surface of one of the four side walls, each of the four sectored reflectors comprises at least three reflective side walls;
a circuit board disposed within the inner chamber;
a top antenna disposed on a top side of the circuit board within the inner chamber of the metal housing;
a bottom antenna disposed on a bottom side of the circuit board within the inner chamber of the metal housing; and
four pairs of phased array dipole antennas, wherein each of the four pairs is disposed within a recessed region of a respective one of the four sectored reflectors, wherein a first sectored reflector of the four sectored reflectors reflects electromagnetic energy, radiated by a first pair of the four pairs, in a first radiation pattern in a first direction along a center axis of the first sectored reflector, wherein a first phased array dipole antenna of a first pair is disposed inside a first recessed region of a first sectored reflector of the four sectored reflectors, wherein a second phased array dipole antenna of the first pair is disposed inside the first recessed region of the first sectored reflector, wherein the first phased array dipole antenna comprises a first plurality of elements arranged in a linear fashion on a first antenna carrier disposed within the first recessed region, wherein the second phased array dipole antenna comprises a second plurality of elements arranged in a linear fashion on a second antenna carrier disposed within the first recessed region, the second antenna carrier being offset from the first antenna carrier within the first recessed region.

US Pat. No. 10,193,233

LINEARLY POLARIZED ACTIVE ARTIFICIAL MAGNETIC CONDUCTOR

HRL Laboratories, LLC, M...

1. An active artificial magnetic conductor comprising: an array of unit cells arranged in a plurality of rows and columns, each unit cell comprising an electrically conductive patch spaced from a ground plane, the electrically conductive patches of the unit cells arranged in each column of unit cells being coupled via a Non-Foster Circuit (NFC) impedance element to an electrically conductive patch of a neighboring unit cell in each column of unit cells and the electrically conductive patches of the unit cells arranged in each row of unit cells being connected via an electrically conductive isolating wall to said ground plane at a mid point of each electrically conductive patch in the row of unit cells, the electrically conductive isolating walls of the rows of unit cells comprising electrically conductive material which occupies a majority of space between opposing edges of electrically conductive patches in each row of unit cells.

US Pat. No. 10,193,232

DOUBLE-LAYER PLANAR PHASE MODULATION DEVICE

TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY, Bei...

1. A double-layer planar phase modulation device, comprising:an upper patch; and
a lower patch, disposed opposite to the upper patch,
wherein a shape of the lower patch is similar to that of the upper patch, and the lower patch is electrically connected with the upper patch,
wherein the upper patch has a regular-polygon shape, each corner of the upper patch is provided with an upper groove extending along a radial direction of the upper patch, and an external end of the upper groove is open; and
each corner of the lower patch is provided with an lower groove extending along a radial direction of the lower patch, and an external end of the lower groove is open,
wherein the upper patch is connected with the lower patch via a plurality of conductive members, and the conductive member is configured as a metal via hole or a metal pillar, in which one end of the conductive member is connected with the upper patch, and the other end of the conductive member is connected with the lower patch, and
wherein one conductive member is disposed between two adjacent upper grooves, one conductive member is disposed between two adjacent lower grooves, and one upper groove and one lower groove are disposed between two adjacent conductive members.

US Pat. No. 10,193,231

DUAL-FREQUENCY PATCH ANTENNAS

Trimble Inc., Sunnyvale,...

1. A dual-frequency patch antenna comprising:a first conductive element configured to receive global navigation satellite system (GNSS) signals at a first frequency band;
a first dielectric material coupled to a backside of the first conductive element;
a second conductive element coupled to a backside of the first dielectric material, the second conductive element configured to receive GNSS signals at a second frequency band, wherein the second conductive element has a topside with an area at least as large as a topside of the first conductive element;
a second dielectric material coupled to a backside of the second conductive element, wherein edges of the first conductive element and the first dielectric material are rotated by between about 30° to 60° relative to edges of the second conductive element and the second dielectric material;
a ground plane coupled to a backside of the second dielectric material;
a third dielectric material coupled to a backside of the ground plane;
a routing and placement layer with circuitry coupled to a backside of the third dielectric material, the circuitry electrically coupled to at least one of the first conductive element or the second conductive element; and
a digital cable coupled to the circuitry via the routing and placement layer, wherein the circuitry is configured to:
provide frequency selection, down conversion, and digitization of the GNSS signals at the first frequency band and the GNSS signals at the second frequency band; and
output digitized baseband signals, wherein the digital cable is configured to provide the digitized baseband signals to a soft GNSS receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,193,230

ENHANCED CONNECTED TILED ARRAY ANTENNA

Commonwealth Scientific A...

1. An antenna device including:a ground plane including a first surface;
an array of spaced apart conductive antenna patches arranged substantially along a second surface that is parallel to and offset from said first surface;
a series of pairs of conductive feed interconnections, each pair of conductive feed interconnections being associated with a particular polarization state, connected to a respective drive circuit and capacitively coupled to a corresponding conductive patch of the spaced apart array of conductive antenna patches thereby to provide a capacitive coupling between the respective conductive antenna patches and corresponding driving circuits to electrically drive the conductive antenna patches at the particular polarization state,
said conductive feed interconnections projecting through respective apertures of said ground plane and being profiled to provide a complementary series inductance to said capacitive coupling so as to thereby improve the impedance matching of the conductive feed interconnections and conductive antenna patches.

US Pat. No. 10,193,228

ANTENNA FOR NEAR FIELD SENSING AND FAR FIELD TRANSCEIVING

The United States of Amer...

1. An antenna, comprising:a first electrical conductor having first and second ends, said first electrical conductor shaped to form a first spiral between said first and second ends, said first and second ends remaining electrically unconnected such that said first electrical conductor so-shaped is maintained as an unconnected single-component open-circuit having inductance and capacitance wherein, in the presence of a time-varying electromagnetic field, said first electrical conductor so-shaped resonates to generate a radiation pattern;
a second electrical conductor including a loop portion overlapping at least a portion of said first spiral, said second electrical conductor being electrically isolated from said first electrical conductor;
a radio frequency transceiver electrically couple to said second electrical conductor for exciting said loop portion with electromagnetic energy wherein said time-varying electromagnetic field is generated in the presence of said first spiral; and
a third electrical conductor having first and second ends, said third electrical conductor shape to form a second spiral between said first and second ends of said third electrical conductor, said first and second ends of said third electrical conductor remaining electrically unconnected such that said third electrical conductor so-shaped is maintained as an unconnected single-component open-circuit having inductance and capacitance, wherein said third electrical conductor so-shaped experiences resonance changes when subjected to environmental changes of interest, and wherein said loop portion is disposed between said first spiral and said second spiral,
wherein said radiation pattern is modulated with said resonance changes.

US Pat. No. 10,193,224

SUBMINIATURE PHOTO PHASED ARRAY ANTENNA

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A device constituting a photonic phased array antenna, the device comprising:a low-refractive dielectric substrate;
a nano-structured thin film formed on the low-refractive dielectric substrate; and
a high-refractive semiconductor waveguide formed over the low-refractive dielectric substrate and configured to operate in a single mode in the nano-structured thin film,
wherein an antenna radiating a phase-modulated light wave to a free space is miniaturized to concentrate a radiated beam of a phased array antenna and to widen a scanning range.

US Pat. No. 10,193,223

MODULAR PARALLEL BEAMFORMING SYSTEM AND ASSOCIATED METHODS

General Electric Company,...

1. A beamforming system, comprising:a plurality of modular beamformers operatively coupled to each other, each modular beamformer comprising:
a plurality of signal generation units, each being configured to generate a respective signal;
a plurality of respective delaying units, each corresponding to a respective signal generation unit, each delaying unit being configured to receive a respective signal from the respective signal generating unit, each delaying unit being configured to adaptively delay the respective signal and each delaying unit being configured to output a respective delayed signal;
a plurality of multipliers assigned to each of the delaying units, each multiplier being configured to receive the respective delayed signal output from the respective delaying unit, each multiplier being configured to generate a respective conditioned signal by adaptively applying a respective weight to the respective received delayed signal from the respective delaying unit and each multiplier being configured to output the respective conditioned signal; and
a plurality of summers, each configured to receive a respective group of conditioned signals from a respective group of the plurality of multipliers, being configured to combine the respective group of conditioned signals and being configured to generate a respective phased array output signal, each of the plurality of summers being configured to receive at least another input other than the respective group of conditioned signals; and
the plurality of modular beamformers being interconnected such that each of the plurality of summers within each beamformer receives, as the at least another input, a respective phased array output signal from a summer of a different one of the plurality of modular beamformers.

US Pat. No. 10,193,222

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION MODULE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A wireless communication module comprising:a dielectric substrate;
a ground layer disposed within the dielectric substrate;
an antenna pattern disposed so as to be closer to a first surface of the dielectric substrate than the ground layer is and operating as an antenna;
a high-frequency device mounted in or on a second surface of the dielectric substrate opposite to the first surface, and supplying a high-frequency signal to the antenna pattern; and
a plurality of signal conductor columns and a plurality of ground conductor columns projecting from the second surface and comprising a conductive material,
wherein each of the signal conductor columns is connected to the high-frequency device by a wiring pattern provided in or on the dielectric substrate,
wherein each of the ground conductor columns is connected to the ground layer, and
wherein an end of each of the plurality of signal conductor columns and an end of each of the plurality of ground conductor columns are electrically connected to terminals of a mounting substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,193,219

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR RECONFIGURABLE POLYMER ANTENNA

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. An antenna comprising:an ion exchange material; and
multiple polymer members coupled to a communication circuit, the multiple polymer members including a first polymer member and a second polymer member coupleable in series via one or more switches, wherein at least one of the multiple polymer members, responsive to receiving a bias voltage, interacts with the ion exchange material to change electrical conductivity of the at least one of the multiple polymer members, wherein the at least one of the multiple polymer members is a polymer antenna for wirelessly transmitting and receiving communication signals.

US Pat. No. 10,193,218

STRUCTURAL REINFORCEMENT FOR AN ANTENNA SYSTEM ON AN AIRCRAFT

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. An apparatus comprising:a reinforcement structure associated with an airframe for a fuselage of an aircraft, wherein the reinforcement structure is configured to accommodate forces from an antenna system attached to the reinforcement structure, wherein the antenna system includes an antenna selected from a plurality of types of antennas; and
connection points on the reinforcement structure, wherein the connection points are for attachment of an antenna adapter plate in the antenna system in which the antenna adapter plate is configured to receive any one of the plurality of types of antennas;
wherein the reinforcement structure is affixed to and beneath a skin of the airframe for the fuselage of the aircraft.

US Pat. No. 10,193,216

ELECTRONIC DEVICE WITH COMPONENT TRIM ANTENNA

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An electronic device comprising:a housing having a camera window;
a camera aligned with the camera window;
an antenna resonating element that extends at least partially along a periphery of the camera window; and
radio-frequency transceiver circuitry coupled to the antenna resonating element.

US Pat. No. 10,193,215

ANTENNA DEVICE AND MOBILE TERMINAL

AAC TECHNOLOGIES PTE. LTD...

1. An antenna device, comprising:a metal back plate;
a metal frame surrounding a periphery of the metal back plate and is connected with the metal back plate; and
a radiator configured to receive and radiate electromagnetic waves;
wherein the metal back plate and the radiator are spaced so as to from a gap, the gap comprises a first gap provided along a short axis direction of the metal back plate and a second gap and a third gap which are bended and extend from two ends of the first gap, respectively, a length of the first gap is smaller than a width of the metal back plate along its short axis;
wherein an extending direction of the second gap is same to that of the third gap and at least a part of the radiator is surrounded by the metal back plate.

US Pat. No. 10,193,214

NEAR FIELD COMMUNICATION ON A SEAMLESS METAL BAND AND METAL BACKED DEVICE

Motorola Mobility LLC, C...

1. A device comprising:a housing including a one-piece metal back coupled to an external component casing, the housing utilized to enclose components of the device, the external component casing configured to include a keep-out area that is covered by a different material from the one-piece metal back to reduce electrical interference for components within the keep out area;
a seamless metal band that extends from the one piece metal back into the keep-out area, the seamless metal band and the one-piece metal back being a seamless structure manufactured as a single metal piece, without any breaks, and are a single conducting unit, the seamless metal band being positioned in the keep-out area of the component casing, the seamless metal band being an antenna coil adapted to function as a dual-band antenna;
a second coil, separate from the antenna coil, the second coil operable as at least one of a near field communication coil and a wireless power transmission coil;
at least one diplexing component coupled to both the second coil and to the antenna coil of the dual-band antenna; and
a transceiver circuit communicatively coupled to the dual-band antenna; and
wherein the second coil is adapted to provide a secondary device function contemporaneously with a wireless communication function of the dual band antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,193,213

SELF-ADAPTIVE ANTENNA SYSTEMS FOR ELECTRONIC DEVICES HAVING MULTIPLE FORM FACTORS

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. An electronic device that is configurable to be transitioned from a first operating mode having a first form factor to a second operating mode having a second form factor, the electronic device comprising:a first device portion that includes a radio frequency (RF) antenna; and
a second device portion that is connected to the first device portion and includes a first antenna adaptation element;
the first antenna adaptation element being positioned more closely to the RF antenna in the second operating mode than in the first operating mode and the first antenna adaptation element being configured to, in the second operating mode, passively counteract a shifting of first and second resonant frequencies of the RF antenna that would otherwise occur as a result of the electronic device being transitioned from the first operating mode to the second operating mode so that the first resonant frequency of the RF antenna remains within a first target frequency band for RF communication and the second resonant frequency of the RF antenna remains within a second target frequency band for RF communication.

US Pat. No. 10,193,212

DIGITAL TACHO GRAPH APPARATUS HAVING EMBEDDED RADIO FREQUENCY ANTENNA

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A digital tacho graph (DTG) apparatus for transmitting and receiving one or more different radio frequency (RF) signals through a wireless communication module and an RF antenna, the DTG apparatus comprising: a metal terminal having one end connected to a printed circuit board (PCB) pattern unit connected to the wireless communication module; the RF antenna, embedded inside the DTG apparatus, having one end connected to the other end of the metal terminal; and a front case unit, on which the other end of the RF antenna is formed by patterning, the front case unit serving as a front case of the DTG apparatus and enclosing the RF antenna inside the DTG apparatus wherein a PCB, on which the PCB pattern unit is formed, is disposed under the wireless communication module, the metal terminal, and the RF antenna, and the PCB pattern unit directly contacts the wireless communication module and the metal terminal, and is spaced apart from the RF antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,193,211

SMARTCARDS, RFID DEVICES, WEARABLES AND METHODS

1. An RFID device comprising:an RFID chip (IC);
a module antenna (MA) connected to the RFID chip (IC);
a coupling frame (CF) having a slit (S) or non-conductive stripe (NCS) overlapping at least a portion of the module antenna (MA); and
a capacitor connected across the slit (S) or non-conductive stripe (NCS).

US Pat. No. 10,193,209

MAT BASED ANTENNA AND HEATER SYSTEM, FOR USE DURING MEDICAL PROCEDURES

Covidien LP, Mansfield, ...

1. A mat based antenna and heater system for use in detecting transponder tagged objects which are used in performing medical procedures, the mat based antenna and heater system comprising:a first sheet of an electrically insulative material that is sized to support at least a portion of a patient, the first sheet having an upper face and a lower face opposed to the upper face;
a plurality of antennas positioned successively along at least a portion of a length of the first sheet, the antennas sized and dimension to oscillate in at least one of an RF or microwave frequency range in response to a signal;
a first layer of silicon carried by the upper face of the first sheet;
a second layer of silicon carried by the lower second face of the first sheet;
a gel layer positioned relatively above the first layer of silicon with respect to the first sheet;
a foam layer spaced relatively above the gel layer with respect to the first sheet; and
at least one electrical resistance heater element positioned along at least a portion of length of the foam layer, the at least one electrical resistance heater element sized and dimension to dissipate heat in response to a current passing therethrough without oscillation in at least one of the RF or microwave frequency range.

US Pat. No. 10,193,208

WIRELESS DISTRIBUTION USING CABINETS, PEDESTALS, AND HAND HOLES

CenturyLink Intellectual ...

1. A method, comprising:placing one or more first lines in a first channel in a first ground surface;
placing a capping material in the first channel;
placing a container in a second ground surface;
placing one or more second lines in a second channel in a third ground surface, the second channel connecting the container and the first channel;
providing an antenna within a signal distribution device, the signal distribution device comprising the container, a top portion of the container being substantially level with a top portion of the second ground surface, and a pedestal disposed above the top portion of the container, the antenna being disposed within the pedestal; and
communicatively coupling the antenna to at least one of the one or more second lines and to at least one of the one or more first lines.

US Pat. No. 10,193,206

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A SIGNAL TRANSITION COMPONENT HAVING A C-SHAPED CONDUCTING FRAME

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. A method of manufacturing a signal transition component, comprising:providing an electrically conducting plate having a thickness between a first signal conductor side and a second signal conductor side;
machining a plate aperture in the electrically conducting plate so as to form a first at least partly circumferentially extending electrically conducting frame;
filling the plate aperture with a dielectric material;
machining a first filling aperture in the dielectric material;
plating the first filling aperture with an electrically conducting plating that at least partly covers the inner surface of the first filling aperture;
wherein the transition component comprises a single conducting frame which is the first conducting frame;
wherein the first conducting frame has a C-shape.

US Pat. No. 10,193,204

COMBINER, A POWER DIRECTIONAL COUPLER AND A METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A POWER DIRECTIONAL COUPLER AND A COMBINER

1. A power directional coupler, comprising two hollow conductors and a separation wall, said separation wall being positioned between both hollow conductors, said separation wall has a coupling portion which comprises several holes which are arranged in said separation wall such that a hole-wall relation is obtained, wherein two base elements are superimposed and connected together to form the two hollow conductors and at least one of the two base elements comprises one half of each of the two hollow conductors, wherein said holes are arranged in two rows such that hole pairs are provided.

US Pat. No. 10,193,202

SWITCH FOR SWITCHABLE ATTENUATOR AND HIGH FREQUENCY SWITCHABLE ATTENUATOR

13. An attenuation stage of a switchable attenuator, comprising at least two switches, wherein each of the switches comprises:a first strip conductor and a second strip conductor arranged orthogonally in a first plane;
a first switching conductor configured in an orthogonally angled shape relative to the first plane;
a switching actuator mechanically connected to the first switching conductor, and configured to move vertically, relative to the first plane, to a first position and to a second position;
a third strip conductor arranged orthogonally to the first strip conductor and opposite to the second strip conductor relative to the first strip conductor in the first plane; and
a second switching conductor configured in an orthogonally angled shape relative to the first plane; and
wherein the switching actuator is mechanically connected to the second switching conductor,
wherein the switching actuator is configured whereby, in the first position, the first strip conductor is in contact with the first switching conductor, the second strip conductor is in contact with the first switching conductor, and the first strip conductor and the third strip conductor are not in contact with the second switching conductor, and
wherein the switching actuator is configured whereby, in the second position, the first strip conductor and the second strip conductor are not in contact with the first switching conductor, the first strip conductor is in contact with the second switching conductor, and the third strip conductor is in contact with the second switching conductor; and
wherein the second strip conductor of a first of the at least two switches is connected to a first terminal of an electrical element,
wherein the second strip conductor of a second of the at least two switches is connected to a second terminal of the electrical element,
wherein the third strip conductor of the first switch is connected to the third strip conductor of the second switch,
wherein the first strip conductor of the first switch forms an input terminal of the attenuation stage, and
wherein the first strip conductor of the second switch forms an output terminal of the attenuation stage.

US Pat. No. 10,193,201

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING OPERATION OF A METAL-AIR BATTERY

PHINERGY LTD., Lod (IL)

1. A method of controlling operation of a metal-air battery, the method comprising:controlling a current drawn from the metal-air battery and a temperature of the metal-air battery by controlling a temperature of electrolyte included in the metal-air battery and by controlling a circulation of the electrolyte included in the metal-air battery until the metal-air battery operates according to a profile,
wherein the profile defines at least one of: an energetic utilization ratio, power, an electrolyte utilization value and a corrosion rate.

US Pat. No. 10,193,200

BATTERY MODULE AND BATTERY PACK COMPRISING SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery module, comprising:a cell assembly including a plurality of secondary batteries and having a fluid path formed between the secondary batteries, the cell assembly having a bottom surface, an upper surface, and side surfaces extending between the bottom surface and the upper surface;
an inlet duct located at one side surface of the cell assembly so as to cover the one side surface of the cell assembly, and having an inlet port such that the fluid introduced through the inlet port flows into the fluid path;
an outlet duct located at another side surface of the cell assembly so as to cover the another side surface of the cell assembly, and having an outlet port such that the fluid discharged from the fluid path flows out through the outlet port; and
an entrance cover installed to at least one of the inlet port and the outlet port, and having a plurality of ribs formed in a plate shape and slantly arranged relative to the bottom surface of the cell assembly so that the ribs are inclined with a predetermined angle from a direction parallel to the bottom surface of the cell assembly, the plurality of ribs extending from one side of an opening in the entrance cover to another side of the opening in the entrance cover,
wherein at least one of inner ends closest to the cell assembly and outer ends furthest from the cell assembly of at least one rib of the plurality of ribs is bent in a direction perpendicular to the bottom surface of the cell assembly, and
wherein the inner and outer ends of the rib are bent in opposite directions.

US Pat. No. 10,193,199

BATTERY SYSTEM

ARCIMOTO, INC., Eugene, ...

1. A battery enclosure, comprising:a pair of opposing enclosure portions that collectively define a battery region, each enclosure portion including:
a first segment that includes a plurality of fluid pathways spaced apart from each other, the first segment forming a notched region at a distal end of the first segment;
a second segment that joins the first segment at an interface opposite a distal end of the first segment, the second segment being orthogonal to the first segment, the second segment forming a flange at a distal end of the second segment opposite the interface;
a first wall interfacing with a first edge of the pair of opposing enclosure portions to further collectively define the battery region, an inner face of the first wall including a first set of a plurality of openings that are aligned with at least some of the plurality of fluid pathways of a first enclosure portion of the pair of enclosure portions along the first edge, the first wall including a second set of a plurality of openings that are aligned with at least some of the plurality of fluid pathways of a second enclosure portion of the pair of enclosure portions along the first edge, at least some of the first set of the plurality of openings and at least some of the second set of the plurality of openings joining each other within the first wall via fluid pathways formed therein; and
a second wall interfacing with a second edge of the pair of opposing enclosure portions opposite the first edge to further collectively define the battery region, an inner face of the second wall including a third set of a plurality of openings that are aligned with at least some of the plurality of fluid pathways of the first enclosure portion of the pair of enclosure portions along the second edge, the second wall including a fourth set of a plurality of openings that are aligned with at least some of the plurality of fluid pathways of the second enclosure portion of the pair of enclosure portions along the second edge, at least some of the third set of the plurality of openings and at least some of the fourth set of the plurality of openings joining each other within the second wall via fluid pathways formed therein;
wherein each notched region of each enclosure portion accommodates the flange of the other enclosure portion.

US Pat. No. 10,193,197

BATTERY DEVICE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A battery device, comprising:a battery for supplying electric power to a motor for driving a vehicle;
a first cooling system having a first cooling fan for supplying cooling air to a first cooling channel of the battery and a first temperature sensor for detecting first cooling air temperature at an inlet of the first cooling channel;
a second cooling system having a second cooling fan for supplying cooling air to a second cooling channel of the battery and a second temperature sensor for detecting second cooling air temperature at an inlet of the second cooling channel; and
a controller for receiving a detection value from each of the first and second temperature sensors,
wherein the controller makes abnormality determination of determining that temperature characteristic of the first or second temperature sensor is abnormal when a difference between the first cooling air temperature and the second cooling air temperature, detected by the first temperature sensor and the second temperature sensor, respectively, after elapse of a predetermined set period after a start switch of the vehicle is turned off while the first cooling fan and the second cooling fan remain stopped, is equal to or greater than a predetermined amount.

US Pat. No. 10,193,195

CHARGING CONDITION CONTROL APPARATUS AND BATTERY PACK

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A charging condition control apparatus, comprising:a measurement unit configured to measure a present battery capacity of a secondary battery;
an estimation unit configured to estimate a present end-of-charge potential of an anode of the secondary battery based on the present battery capacity and an open circuit potential curve of the anode;
a calculation unit configured to calculate a differential potential between the present end-of-charge potential and an initial end-of-charge potential of the anode; and
a control unit configured to control a charging condition of the secondary battery according to the differential potential,
wherein the estimation unit estimates the present end-of-charge potential by calculating a depth of charge of the anode based on the present battery capacity and an initial battery capacity and by retrieving a potential corresponding to the depth of charge from the open circuit potential curve.

US Pat. No. 10,193,193

STRUCTURE OF BATTERY PROTECTION CIRCUIT MODULE PACKAGE COUPLED WITH HOLDER, AND BATTERY PACK HAVING SAME

ITM SEMICONDUCTOR CO., LT...

1. A structure of a battery protection circuit module package coupled with a holder, the structure comprising:a basic package comprising a lead frame consisting of a plurality of leads spaced apart from each other, and protection circuit elements provided on the lead frame without use of a printed circuit board; and
an encapsulant and a holder simultaneously produced by disposing the basic package in a first injection mold and injecting a melt of resin into the first injection mold to perform an insert injection molding process,
wherein the encapsulant encapsulates the protection circuit elements to expose part of the lead frame,
wherein the encapsulant and the basic package configure the battery protection circuit module package, and
wherein the holder is coupled to the battery protection circuit module package by the insert injection molding process.

US Pat. No. 10,193,192

STRUCTURE FOR MODULATING THE VOLTAGE OF A BATTERY AND THE ACTIVE EQUILIBRATION THEREOF

RENAULT s.a.s., Boulogne...

1. An assembly comprising:a motor;
an accumulator battery comprising:
a plurality of electrical energy storage cells that convert chemical energy to electrical energy by way of an electrochemical oxidation-reduction reaction, the cells being grouped together as composite cells of an even number of cells and the composite cells connected in series with one another; and
an electrical network which connects the cells to one another, the electrical network comprising:
means of connection of the cells of each composite cell in parallel and in series, and
means for controlling the means of connection, configured to connect the cells of each composite cell in parallel or in series; and
a controller including a database register,
wherein the controller acquires a rotation speed and a current for the motor corresponding to an optimal voltage based on the database register and controls the electrical network so that a voltage across terminals of the accumulator battery is equal to the optimal voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,193,191

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM WITH BATTERY MODULE AND COVER ASSEMBLY PROVIDING BUILT-IN CIRCUIT PROTECTION

GM Global Technology Oper...

9. An electrical system comprising:a battery module having a pack section and a cover assembly connected to the pack section;
a direct current (DC) voltage bus; and
at least one high-voltage component connected to the battery module via the DC voltage bus;
wherein the pack section includes an interconnect board, a plurality of conductive channels each forming an elongated U-shape or L-shaped bus bar, and a plurality of battery cells each having at least one electrode cell tab extending orthogonally through the interconnect board, each of the battery cells being disposed behind the interconnect board, the at least one electrode cell tab joined to a corresponding one of the conductive channels, and wherein the cover assembly includes a cover plate and a plurality of conductive interconnect members, a plurality of electrical fuses, and a plurality of sense lines built into or integral with the cover plate, the conductive interconnect members protruding orthogonally outward from the cover plate and forming part of an electrical circuit between the conductive channels of the pack section and the fuses and sense lines of the cover plate when the cover assembly is connected to the pack section.

US Pat. No. 10,193,189

BATTERY CELL

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A battery cell comprising:an electrode assembly;
a pouch which wraps around the electrode assembly;
an electrode tab extending from the electrode assembly;
a lead tab attached to the electrode tab; and
a current interrupt device comprising a fusing unit and an insulating layer wrapping around the fusing unit,
wherein the fusing unit comprises a top surface and a bottom surface, wherein the top surface of the fusing unit is attached to a bottom surface of the lead tab, and the bottom surface of the fusing unit is attached to a top surface of the electrode tab, wherein the top surface of the fusing unit has a bond strength greater than that of the bottom surface of the fusing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,193,186

ELECTROLYTE ADDITIVE FOR LITHIUM-ION BATTERY

1. An electrolyte for a lithium-ion battery comprising at least one block copolymer, wherein said block copolymer comprises at least one polymeric segment A which is soluble in said electrolyte and at least one polymeric segment B having a temperature for dissolution “T” in said electrolyte, the polymeric segments A and B being present in amounts sufficient to make possible an increase in the viscosity of the electrolyte at a temperature greater than or equal to the temperature “T”, and then the return of the electrolyte to a liquid state when the temperature of the electrolyte falls back below T,wherein the block copolymer comprises at least one polymeric segment A chosen from the following polymers: polyacrylates, polymethacrylates, polycarbonates, polyester carbonates, polylactones, polylactams, polyesters, polyethers, soluble homopolymers and random copolymers of polyethers,
wherein the block copolymer comprises at least one polymeric segment B obtained from at least one monomer chosen from the following monomers: acrylic and methacrylic acids, N-alkylacrylamides or N-alkylmethacrylamides saccharides, vinylidene fluoride or hexafluoropropylene,
wherein the at least one polymeric segments B/ the at least one polymeric segments A molar ratio being greater than 0.5, and
wherein the electrolyte comprises at least one lithium salt and at least one organic solvent chosen from ethylene carbonate, propylene carbonate, dimethyl carbonate, ethyl methyl carbonate, diethyl carbonate, tetrahydrofuran, tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether, dimethyl ether, dioxolane, dioxane, polyethylene glycol dimethyl ether and/or nitriles or their mixture(s).

US Pat. No. 10,193,185

SULFIDE SOLID ELECTROLYTE MATERIAL AND LITHIUM SOLID STATE BATTERY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A sulfide solid electrolyte material comprising an ion conductor having an anion structure of an ortho-composition with a ratio of 70 mol % or more to all anion structures, and LiI,wherein the ion conductor contains oxygen, and
the sulfide solid electrolyte material contains substantially no Li2S and cross-linking sulfur, and
the sulfide solid electrolyte material does not have a peak of Li2S in an XRD measurement using a Cuk? ray.

US Pat. No. 10,193,184

LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

NEC ENERGY DEVICES, LTD.,...

1. A method for manufacturing a lithium ion secondary battery, the lithium ion secondary battery comprising a positive electrode and a negative electrode disposed with a separator sandwiched therebetween and contained together with an electrolytic solution in an outer case including a flexible film, whereina quantity of dissolved nitrogen in the electrolytic solution in injecting the electrolytic solution into the outer case is 100 ?g/mL or less, the quantity being 5 ?g/mL or more.

US Pat. No. 10,193,182

NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY COMPRISING SAME

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. A non-aqueous electrolyte solution for a lithium secondary battery, comprising an electrolyte salt and an organic solvent,wherein the non-aqueous electrolyte solution further comprises a cyano group-containing pyrimidine-based compound represented by the following formula 1, and
the cyano group-containing pyrimidine-based compound is present in an amount of 1 to 20 parts by weight per 100 parts by weight of the organic solvent:

where R1, R2, R3 and R4 are each independently hydrogen, a cyano group, halogen, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, in which at least one of R1, R2, R3 and R4 is a cyano group.

US Pat. No. 10,193,181

PRESSURIZATION DEVICE FOR BATTERY CELLS

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., ...

1. A pressurization device for battery cells, comprising:battery cells stacked in a thickness direction, wherein each of the battery cells has a flat shape in the thickness direction, and wherein each of the battery cells includes:
an exterior body made of a laminated film; and
a power generation element sealed with a liquid electrolyte inside the exterior body;
a housing accommodating the battery cells;
spacers arranged in the thickness direction, supported by the housing and forming bag shapes which have an expanded state and a contracted state in at least the thickness direction in accordance with fluid pressure of fluid sealed inside the spacers, wherein each of the battery cells contacts at least a portion of an adjacent spacer; and
a pressure supply passage used for supplying the fluid to the spacers from a fluid pressure source;
wherein when the spacers are in the contracted state, a space exists between adjacent battery cells, each space having a dimension in the thickness direction that is larger than a thickness of each of the battery cells; and
when the spacers are in the expanded state, each of the battery cells are pressurized in the thickness direction.

US Pat. No. 10,193,180

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING LAMINATED ELECTRICAL STORAGE DEVICE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A method for manufacturing a laminated electrical storage device, the method comprising:heating an external terminal by a heater that is not in contact with the external terminal and is provided so as to be opposed to a first principal surface of the external terminal that extends from a laminated case, wherein the terminal has principal surfaces and secondary surfaces, the principal surfaces being wider than the secondary surfaces; and
pressing opposed laminate films of the laminate case with a heated thermocompression bonding jig so as to thermocompression-bond each of the opposed laminate films to the external terminal and seal the laminate case.

US Pat. No. 10,193,179

FUEL CELL STACK

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A fuel cell stack, comprising:a stacked plurality of single cells each comprising a frame supporting a periphery of a membrane electrode assembly and a pair of separators holding the frame therebetween; and
a sealing member disposed between the plurality of single cells,
wherein the pair of separators comprises respective supporting portions which are in contact with the frame, in which a sealing member is disposed on one of the supporting portions, a supporting portion of one separator has a different size from a supporting portion of the other separator,
an overlapped portion is formed in which a base surface where the supporting portion of one separator is in contact with the frame is overlapped with a top surface where the supporting portion of the other separator is in contact with the frame in a stacking direction, and
the overlapped portion receives and transmits reaction force of the sealing member between the single cells.

US Pat. No. 10,193,177

FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND OPERATING METHOD THEREFOR

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A residual water purge control system for a fuel cell system having a fuel cell stack that generates electrical power by electrochemical reaction of fuel and oxidant, a residual water estimating apparatus, and a residual water purge control device, the residual water estimating apparatus comprising:a total generated electrical energy storage device that stores a value representing the total generated electrical energy of the fuel cell stack in the period from start-up to shutdown of power generation; and
a controller that is programmed to estimate a residual water volume that can be absorbed by a membrane electrode assembly of the fuel cell stack from a first control map that indicates a relationship between the residual water volume and said stored value in said total generated electrical energy storage device;
wherein when the stored value in said total generated electrical energy storage device is below a first prescribed level corresponding to a maximum of the residual water volume, said controller is programmed to estimate the residual water volume to be proportional to said stored value; and, when said stored value exceeds the first prescribed level, said controller is programmed to estimate the residual water volume to be inversely proportional to an increase in said stored value with respect to the first prescribed level; and
wherein when said stored value exceeds a second prescribed level larger than the first prescribed level, said controller estimates the residual water volume to be substantially constant; and
wherein the residual water purge control device is programmed to control a purging volume of the residual water purge control system based on the estimated residual water volume after the residual water has been estimated by the controller.

US Pat. No. 10,193,175

PROCESS FOR SUPPLYING A FUEL CELL HAVING ALTERNATE SUPPLY AND PURGE PHASES

1. A process for supplying a fuel cell comprising a stack of electrochemical cells divided into N groups of cells, where N?2, with reactive species diluted in a carrier gas, the process comprising:(I) supplying a selected group of cells from the N groups with the reactive species diluted in the carrier gas, wherein the reactive species not consumed in the selected group of cells circulates in the other groups of cells via distribution lines that ensure fluidic communication among the N groups of cells and that are arranged so as to form a fluidic pathway for the reactive species to go from the selected group of cells to one or more last groups of cells forming an end of the fluidic pathway,
(II) purging the N groups of cells after the supplying (I) by simultaneously supplying each of the N groups of cells with the reactive species, wherein each group of cells communicates with an outlet orifice of the fuel cell that enables fluidic discharging of the N groups of cells, and
(III) subsequently repeating the supplying (I) followed by the purging (II) so that the purging (II) is performed between two successive supplyings (I), wherein selected groups of cells in the two successive supplyings (I) are different.

US Pat. No. 10,193,174

FUEL CELL INTERNAL STATE DETECTION SYSTEM AND STATE DETECTION METHOD

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A fuel cell internal state detection system for detecting an internal state of a fuel cell on the basis of an impedance value of the fuel cell, comprising a controller programmed to:set an estimation object state quantity as an index of the internal state;
obtain the impedance value of the fuel cell;
judge whether or not the obtained impedance value is usable for a calculation of the estimation object state quantity;
calculate the estimation object state quantity set by the controller on the basis of the obtained impedance value when the impedance value is judged to be usable for the calculation of the estimation object state quantity by the controller;
perform an unusable-scene process when the impedance value is judged not to be usable for the calculation of the estimation object state quantity by the controller;
obtain impedance values based on three or more frequencies; and
determine whether at least one of three or more obtained impedance values belongs to an arc region or to a non-arc region in an impedance curve on a complex plane and judging whether or not the impedance value is usable according to the determination result.

US Pat. No. 10,193,173

ELECTROCHEMICAL HYDROGEN SENSOR FOR GLOBAL/LOCAL HYDROGEN STARVATION DETECTION IN PEM FUEL CELLS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A fuel cell system hydrogen starvation detection device, the device comprising:at least one sensor signally cooperative with at least one of an anode and cathode flowpaths within the system, the sensor comprising:
a first electrode configured to generate a first signal that corresponds to a substantially pure concentration of hydrogen; and
a second electrode configured to receive a second signal that corresponds to local hydrogen concentration within the anode flowpath such that a comparison of the first and second signals provides indicia to a controller of a hydrogen starvation condition within a fuel cell stack; and
a voltage source cooperative with the first electrode, the voltage source configured to provide a voltage sufficient to promote at least one reaction that generates the substantially pure concentration of hydrogen within the cell.

US Pat. No. 10,193,172

METHOD FOR STARTING UP A FUEL CELL

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method (40) for starting a fuel cell (11), wherein hydrogen is supplied to an anode chamber (15) of the fuel cell (11) and, at the beginning of starting the fuel cell, oxygen is present in the anode chamber (15) of the fuel cell (11), the method comprisingat the beginning of supplying the hydrogen, supplying enough hydrogen to the anode chamber (15) that the hydrogen is at most in a stoichiometric ratio with the amount of oxygen present in the anode chamber (15),
wherein, at the beginning of supplying the hydrogen, the molar fraction of the hydrogen within a volume segment of an anode inlet stream prior to entry into the fuel cell (11) lies below the molar fraction of the oxygen present in the anode chamber (15), wherein the molar faction of the hydrogen within the volume segment of the anode inlet stream lies between 0.09 and 0.13, and wherein an inlet valve (22) for metering a supply of hydrogen is not opened any further as long as oxygen is present in the anode chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,193,170

FUEL CELL MODULE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A fuel cell module comprising:a fuel cell stack comprising a plurality of fuel cells stacked, the fuel cells being configured to generate electrical energy by electrochemical reactions of a fuel gas and an oxygen-containing gas;
a reformer configured to reform raw fuel chiefly containing hydrocarbon to thereby produce the fuel gas supplied to the fuel cell stack;
an evaporator configured to evaporate water and supply water vapor to the reformer;
an exhaust gas combustor configured to combust the fuel gas discharged from the fuel cell stack as a fuel exhaust gas and the oxygen-containing gas discharged from the fuel cell stack as an oxygen-containing exhaust gas to thereby produce a combustion exhaust gas;
a start-up combustor configured to combust the raw fuel and the oxygen-containing gas to thereby produce a combustion gas; and
an air preheater configured to heat the oxygen-containing gas by heat exchange with one of the combustion gas and the combustion exhaust gas and supply the heated oxygen-containing gas to the fuel cell stack,
wherein the fuel cell module further comprises:
an oxygen-containing gas supply channel configured to supply the oxygen-containing gas to the air preheater and thereafter supply the oxygen-containing gas from the air preheater to the fuel cell stack;
a first fuel supply channel configured to supply the raw fuel to the start-up combustor;
a second fuel supply channel configured to supply the raw fuel to the evaporator and thereafter supply the raw fuel and the water vapor from the evaporator to the reformer;
a channel switching unit configured to selectively supply the raw fuel to either one of the first fuel supply channel and the second fuel supply channel;
a reactant exhaust gas channel configured to supply the fuel exhaust gas and the oxygen-containing exhaust gas discharged from the fuel cell stack, to the exhaust gas combustor; and
an exhaust gas channel extending from a combustion exhaust gas outlet of the exhaust gas combustor, wherein in the exhaust gas channel, the start-up combustor and the air preheater are arranged in an order of the start-up combustor and then the air preheater toward downstream side in a flow direction of the combustion exhaust gas,
wherein after the reformer is heated to a temperature at which the reformer can perform steam reforming and while the fuel cell stack is in a start-up operation before the fuel cell stack starts power generation, the channel switching unit, the reformer, the exhaust gas combustor, and the start-up combustor cause
the raw fuel and the water vapor to be supplied to the reformer through the second fuel supply channel to generate the fuel gas,
the oxygen-containing gas and the fuel gas discharged from the fuel cell stack to be supplied to the start-up combustor through the exhaust gas combustor,
a mixed gas of the oxygen-containing gas and the fuel gas to be ignited at the start-up combustor,
the combustion gas to be supplied to the air preheater to be produced, and
among the exhaust gas combustor and the start-up combustor, the oxygen-containing gas and the fuel gas discharged from the fuel cell stack to be combusted by only the start-up combustor.

US Pat. No. 10,193,169

FLUIDIC INTERFACE MODULE FOR A FUEL CELL SYSTEM

Intelligent Energy Limite...

1. A valve comprising:an inlet, an outlet, a diaphragm,
a biasing member that urges the diaphragm toward the inlet or outlet to a sealing position to close the valve,
a slider that moves the biasing member to an open position to allow the diaphragm to move away from the inlet or outlet to open the valve, and,
a shape memory alloy (SMA) actuator connected to the biasing member and is actuated by an electrical current to move the biasing member to the open position;
wherein the slider comprises a main body and two forked legs extending from the main body, the two forked legs each having a hooked end having a first ramp on a distal end of the forked leg, wherein the two forked legs form a spring and store energy when the two forked legs are pressed toward each other in a first direction, wherein each of the two forked legs has a second ramp extending in a second direction orthogonal to the first direction;
wherein the valve further comprises a valve body having a plurality of notches defined thereon, each of the plurality of notches sized and dimensioned to receive one of the hooked ends in a retained engagement created by the spring force of the associated forked leg expanding away from the other of the two forked legs;
wherein the biasing member comprises a shoulder configured to catch a second ramp of one of the two forked legs of the slider to hold the slider in a position that keeps the biasing member in the open position.

US Pat. No. 10,193,168

FUEL CELL SYSTEM

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A fuel cell system that generates electric power by supplying anode gas and cathode gas to a fuel cell, comprising:a control valve adapted to control a pressure of the anode gas to be supplied to the fuel cell;
a buffer unit adapted to store an anode-off gas to be discharged from the fuel cell; and
a controller programmed to:
control the control valve in order to periodically increase and decrease the pressure of the anode gas at a specific width of a pulsation; and
correct the width of the pulsation based on a temperature of an upstream buffer volume comprising an anode gas flow passage from the control valve to the fuel cell.

US Pat. No. 10,193,167

POWER CONDITIONING SYSTEM AND CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A power conditioning system, comprising:a fuel cell connected to a load;
a fuel cell converter connected between the fuel cell and the load, the fuel cell converter converting an output voltage of the fuel cell at a predetermined required voltage ratio;
a battery connected to the load in parallel to the fuel cell, the battery serving as a power supply source different from the fuel cell;
an impedance measuring device configured to measure an impedance of the fuel cell by outputting alternating currents between a positive electrode and an intermediate point of the fuel cell and between the intermediate point and a negative electrode of the fuel cell;
a current bypass path configured to couple the fuel cell and the load while bypassing the fuel cell converter; and
a current cut-off unit configured to provide on the current bypass path, the current cut-off unit electrically cutting off the current bypass path when the impedance of the fuel cell is measured by the impedance measuring device.

US Pat. No. 10,193,166

FUEL CELL SYSTEM

1. A fuel cell system, as an auxiliary power supply unit of a motor vehicle, the fuel cell system comprising:a reformer for generating a reformate gas from reformer air and fuel;
a fuel cell for generating electric current from cathode air and reformate gas, said fuel cell comprising a cathode side and an anode side;
an air delivery means for delivering air;
a reformer air line;
a cathode air line;
an air supply means for receiving ambient air from the surrounding area of the fuel cell system by said air delivery means and for splitting the air at least into reformer air and cathode air and sending the reformer air via said reformer air line in the direction of said reformer and sending the cathode air via said cathode air line in the direction of said cathode side;
a recirculating line connecting said anode side to said reformer and recycling anode waste gas from said fuel cell to said reformer;
a hot gas delivery means, said hot gas delivery means being arranged in said recirculating line for driving the anode waste gas, wherein:
said hot gas delivery means contains a hot gas path, through which the anode waste gas flows, said hot gas delivery means delivering said anode waste gas exclusively to said reformer;
said hot gas delivery means contains a cooling air path, said cooling air path being integrated into said reformer air line or into said cathode air line and the reformer air or the cathode air passing through said cooling air path, wherein a flow of said reformer air or said cathode air through an interior of said hot gas delivery means is separate from a flow of said anode waste gas through said interior of said hot gas delivery means; and
said cooling air path is sealed against said hot gas path.

US Pat. No. 10,193,165

SEPARATOR AND FUEL CELL

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A separator used in a fuel cell, whereinthe separator has a recess-projection shape formed by press working,
the separator has one surface as a gas circulation surface and an opposite surface as a cooling surface, the gas circulation surface having a reactive gas flow path including a plurality of reactive gas flow path grooves resulting from the recess-projection shape, the cooling surface having a cooling water flow path including a plurality of cooling water flow path grooves resulting from the recess-projection shape,
the cooling water flow path includes:
an intersection flow path portion including cooling water flow path grooves adjacent to each other with a reactive gas flow path groove of the reactive gas flow path therebetween, and a communication flow path groove formed at the cooling surface side of the reactive gas flow path groove between the adjacent cooling water flow path grooves, the communication flow path groove being shallower than the cooling water flow path grooves; and
a cooling water turn portion where a direction of the cooling water flow path grooves changes,
wherein a reactive gas turn portion is formed at the gas circulation surface such that the reactive gas turn portion turns along the cooling water turn portion,
the reactive gas turn portion is formed of a groove portion having a constant depth, and
the groove portion of the reactive gas turn portion having the constant depth is a shallow groove portion having the same depth as a depth at the gas circulation surface in a position at a backside of a specific part of the cooling surface where the communication flow path groove is formed.

US Pat. No. 10,193,163

FUEL CELL

NGK INSULATORS, LTD., Na...

1. A fuel cell comprising:an anode,
a cathode containing a perovskite oxide as a main component, the perovskite oxide expressed by the general formula ABO3, the A site including at least one selected from the group consisting of La and Sr, and the B site including at least one selected from the group consisting of Fe, Co, Mn and Ni, and
a solid electrolyte layer disposed between the anode and the cathode, wherein:
the cathode includes a surface region which is within 5 micrometers from a surface opposite the solid electrolyte layer,
the surface region contains a main phase comprising the perovskite oxide and a secondary phase comprising strontium oxide,
an occupied surface area ratio of the strontium oxide in a cross section of the surface region is greater than or equal to 0.05% and less than or equal to 3%, the cross section of the surface region being parallel to a thickness direction of the cathode, and
an average equivalent circle diameter of the strontium oxide in the cross section of the surface region is greater than or equal to 10 nm and less than or equal to 500 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,193,162

ELECTRODE CATALYST AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME

Kumiai Chemical Industry ...

1. An electrode catalyst obtained by calcining a metal phthalocyanine polymer comprising a repeating structural unit obtained by the amide bonding of a structural unit represented by general formula (1a) to a structural unit represented by general formula (2a) to form a calcined body, then treating the calcined body with an acid,
(wherein L is a divalent or trivalent metal ion belonging to Period 3 to Period 5 on the long-form periodic table),

(wherein M is a divalent or trivalent metal ion belonging to Period 3 to Period 5 on the long-form periodic table).

US Pat. No. 10,193,161

ANODE FOR SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL AND PRODUCTION METHOD THEREFOR, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING ELECTROLYTE LAYER-ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY FOR FUEL CELL

SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTR...

1. A method for producing an anode for a solid oxide fuel cell, the method comprising:a first step of shaping a mixture that contains a perovskite oxide having proton conductivity and a nickel compound; and
a second step of firing a shaped product, which has been obtained in the first step, in an atmosphere containing 50% by volume or more of oxygen at 1100° C. to 1350° C. so as to generate an anode.

US Pat. No. 10,193,160

COMPOSITE CURRENT COLLECTOR FOR ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE ELECTRODE, AND ELECTRODE

NISSAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRIE...

1. An electrically conductive bonding layer-forming composition characterized by comprising a polymer having repeating units of formula (1) or formula (2) below and carbon nanotubes
wherein Ar1 to Ar3 are each independently a divalent organic group of any one of formulas (3) to (7) below

wherein R5 to R38 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, an alkoxy group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, or a carboxyl group, sulfo group, phosphoric acid group, phosphonic acid group or salt of any thereof;
wherein Z1 and Z2 are each independently a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, or a monovalent organic group of any one of formulas (8) to (11) below

wherein R39 to R62 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, a haloalkyl group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, a phenyl group, OR63, COR63, NR63R64, COOR65;
wherein R63 and R64 being each independently a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, a haloalkyl group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, or a phenyl group; and R65 being an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, a haloalkyl group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, or a phenyl group, or a carboxyl group, sulfo group, phosphoric acid group, phosphonic acid group or salt of any thereof;
with the proviso that Z1 and Z2 are not both alkyl groups at the same time;
wherein R1 to R4 in formula (2) are each independently a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, an alkoxy group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, or a carboxyl group, sulfo group, phosphoric acid group, phosphonic acid group or salt of any thereof; and
wherein said polymer contains one or more of R1 to R62 that are independently an acidic group selected from the group consisting of the carboxyl group, the sulfo group, the phosphoric acid group, the phosphonic acid group and the salts thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,193,159

CURRENT COLLECTOR FOR SECONDARY BATTERY AND SECONDARY BATTERY USING THE SAME

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A current collector for a secondary battery, comprising:a film resin layer having electrical conductivity; and
an ion barrier layer provided on a surface of the film resin layer, the ion barrier layer consisting of ion trapping particles in which metal compounds are provided on surfaces of metal containing particles, the ion trapping particles being continuously provided from an interface between the film resin layer and the ion barrier layer toward a surface of the ion barrier layer,
wherein a diameter of primary particles of the ion trapping particles is within a range of 0.1 nm or more and less than 500 nm,
wherein a thickness of the ion barrier layer is within a range of 50 nm to 1000 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,193,157

NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY, AND LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY USING THE SAME

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A negative electrode for a lithium ion secondary battery, comprising:a negative electrode active material including 5 wt % or more of at least one silicon component selected from the group consisting of silicon oxide, elemental silicon, an alloy of silicon, and a compound of silicon other than silicon oxide;
a binder that is a polyacrylate obtained by a reaction of a polyacrylic acid and magnesium, an alkaline earth metal, a compound of magnesium, or a compound of an alkaline earth metal, and whose 1% or more of carboxylic groups at terminals of side chains of the polyacrylic acid are cross-linked with magnesium or alkaline earth metal; and
a negative electrode current collector.

US Pat. No. 10,193,156

HIGH-DENSITY AND HIGH-HARDNESS GRAPHENE-BASED POROUS CARBON MATERIAL, METHOD FOR MAKING THE SAME, AND APPLICATIONS USING THE SAME

Graduate School at Shenzh...

1. A method for making graphene-based porous carbon material comprising steps of:forming a sol by dispersing a graphene-based component and an auxiliary component in a solvent, the auxiliary component selected from the group consisting of polyvinyl alcohol, sucrose, glucose, and combinations thereof;
adjusting a pH value of the sol to 8 or less;
preparing a graphene-based gel by reacting the sol in a reacting container at a temperature of about 20° C. to about 500° C. for about 0.1 hours to 100 hours; and
evaporative drying the graphene-based gel at a temperature of about 0° C. to about 200° C. to obtain the graphene-based porous carbon material.

US Pat. No. 10,193,155

MANUFACTURING CATHODE MATERIAL, CATHODE, AND LITHIUM ION BATTERY

SUMITOMO OSAKA CEMENT CO....

1. A cathode material including a cathode active material,wherein the cathode active material is expressed by Li1+xAyDzPO4, wherein A represents one or more metal elements selected from the group consisting of Co, Mn, Ni, Fe, Cu, and Cr, D represents one or more metal elements selected from the group consisting of Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ti, Zn, B, Al, Ga, In, Si, Ge, Sc, Y, and rare earth elements, 0 when a temperature of the cathode material is raised to a temperature range of 100° C. to 300° C. at a temperature-increase rate of 10° C/min, a weight loss ratio in the temperature range due to evaporation of water of crystallization is 0.03% by weight to 0.3% by weight, wherein the weight loss ratio is measured in a thermogravimetric analysis, which is carried out under the following measurement conditions using a differential thermogravimetric analyzer:
specimen amount: 15 mg
temperature-increase rate: 10° C. /minute
atmosphere: N2
gas flow rate: 200 ml/minute
measurement temperature range: 100 to 300° C.

US Pat. No. 10,193,153

POSITIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

SANYO Electric Co., Ltd.,...

1. A positive electrode active material for a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery, comprising:primary particles formed of a lithium transition metal oxide,
a secondary particle formed by aggregation of the primary particles,
the secondary particle having a plurality of recesses, each recess of the plurality of recesses being formed between at least two of the primary particles adjacent to each other on a surface of the secondary particle,
particles formed of a rare-earth compound,
rare-earth compound secondary particles formed by aggregation of the particles formed of the rare-earth compound;
wherein rare-earth compound secondary particles adhere within recesses of the plurality of recesses respectively so as to adhere to the at least two of the primary particles adjacent to each other, and
a tungsten-containing compound adheres to an interface of the primary particles inside the secondary particle.

US Pat. No. 10,193,151

LOW POROSITY ELECTRODES FOR RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES

Umicore, Brussels (BE) U...

1. A positive electrode for a rechargeable battery comprising at least 95 wt % active cathode material with an electrode loading of at least 6 mg/cm2, and an electrode porosity of less than 2 vol %, wherein the active cathode material comprises a bimodal powder mixture composition wherein at least 70 wt % consists of a first lithium cobalt based oxide powder having an average particle size (D50) of more than 25 ?m, and a BET value <0.2m2/g.

US Pat. No. 10,193,149

BATTERY ACTIVE MATERIAL, NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE BATTERY AND BATTERY PACK

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A battery active material, comprising a complex oxide of formula LixTiNb2-yMyO7+? (0?x?5, 0?y?0.5, ?0.3???0.3) and an element M,wherein:
a molar ratio (M/Ti) of the element M to Ti in the active material satisfies the following formula (I):
0.1?M/Ti?0.5  (I);
a molar ratio (Nb/Ti) of Nb to Ti in the complex oxide containing Nb and Ti satisfies the following formula (II):
1?Nb/Ti?5  (II); and
M comprises Mg and at least one element selected from the group consisting of V, B, Na, Al, Si, S, P, K, Ca, Mo, W, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, and Fe.