US Pat. No. 10,190,911

TARGETING SYSTEM FOR COLOR MEASUREMENT DEVICE

X-Rite, Inc., Grand Rapi...

1. A targeting system for a spectrophotometer for a targeting a sample plane, comprising:a plurality of fiber channels, comprising:
at least one measurement channel; and
at least one illumination channel;
a slit assembly comprising:
a translucent layer disposed adjacent the plurality of fiber channels,
reflective portion disposed adjacent the translucent layer; and
a slit;
wherein each fiber channel comprises a first end, the first end offset from the reflective portion of the slit assembly to allow light transfer from one fiber channel to an adjacent at least one measurement channel;
a first light source in optical communication with a second end of the at least one illumination channel; and
a second light source;
wherein the sample plane is in optical communication with a second end of the at least one measurement channel;
wherein during a targeting mode light is transmitted from the first light source, through the at least one illumination channel, reflected off the slit assembly, transmitted through the measurement channel, and onto the sample plane; and
wherein during a measurement mode, the sample plane is illuminated by the second light source in a same location as during the targeting mode, such that light reflected off the sample plane travels through the at least one measurement channel.

US Pat. No. 10,190,908

OPTICAL DEVICES AND METHODS OF MAKING SAME

Heptagon Micro Optics Pte...

1. A method of forming an optical device, the method comprising:forming a substrate comprising a front surface;
providing an optical emitter chip comprising a front surface and a rear surface, the rear surface of the optical emitter chip being disposed along the front surface of the substrate;
providing an optical sensor chip comprising a front surface and a rear surface, the rear surface of the optical sensor chip being disposed along the front surface of the substrate, the optical sensor chip further comprising at least one main sensor and at least one reference sensor on the front surface of the optical sensor chip;
forming an opaque dam on the front surface of the optical sensor chip and at least a portion of the front face of the substrate, the dam separating the main optical sensor and the reference sensor;
forming a first transparent encapsulation block encapsulating the optical emitter chip and the reference optical sensor;
forming a second transparent encapsulation block encapsulating the main optical sensor; and
forming an opaque encapsulation material encapsulating the first transparent encapsulation block and the second transparent encapsulation block, the opaque encapsulation material defining a first opening above the main optical sensor and a second opening above the optical emitter chip,
wherein the opaque encapsulation material extends between the first transparent encapsulation block and the second transparent encapsulation block and abuts the opaque dam.

US Pat. No. 10,190,903

DIGITAL FISHING NET SCALE CONFIGURED FOR INTEGRATION INTO A HOTSPOT SYSTEM

1. A digital fishing net scale for weighing a fish contained in the net, the scale comprising a hoop, a fishing net configured to contain a fish and connected to the hoop, a handle connected to the hoop and configured for holding the net during fishing and weighing, and a digital scale connected to the handle;wherein hoop, handle and their connection are configured with sufficient strength and rigidity for holding the net weighted by a fish;
wherein the scale is a digital scale that is comprised in a housing connected to the handle;
wherein the digital scale comprises computer executable code stored in non-volatile memory, a processor, a memory, a measuring component, a weighing module, a display, a storage component for data, and a communication component;
wherein the digital scale components are operably connected and are configured to perform the following steps:
measure the weight of a fish contained in the net over an amount of time;
provide one or more number value in a unit corresponding to the one or more weight measurement, or to an average thereof;
show the number value and its unit on the display;
store the number value and its unit, optional catch related data, and optional hotspot related data, at least until it is uploaded; and
upload the number value, optional related data, and optional hotspot related data via the communication component to an external data store.

US Pat. No. 10,190,902

LOW WATER SENSOR TESTING APPARATUS

1. A low water sensor testing apparatus comprising:a. a 2 piece threaded steel ball valve unit with spring return;
b. said 2 piece threaded steel ball valve unit with spring return having an internally threaded first end cavity portion, an internally threaded second cavity portion and a spring loaded ball valve handle component;
c. a first hollow main connector adapter unit;
d. said first hollow main connector adapter unit having an externally threaded first end portion and an unthreaded second end portion;
e. an E-shaped piping unit having an elongated body portion with a first through hole and a second through hole each cut within said body portion with each said through hole being bisected by one common, elongated surface axis of said body portion;
f. a first end segment and a second end segment of said elongated body portion;
g. a first stem portion of said E-shaped piping unit and having a first stem inner end segment and a first stem outer end segment;
h. a second stem portion of said E-shaped piping unit and having a second stem inner end segment and second stem outer end segment;
i. a second hollow main connector adapter unit;
j. said second hollow main connector adapter unit having an externally threaded first end portion and an unthreaded second end portion;
k. a first small hollow adapter unit with an unthreaded first end portion and an externally threaded second end portion;
l. a small ball valve unit having an internally threaded first end cavity portion and an externally threaded second end cavity portion and a ball valve handle component;
m. a second small hollow adapter unit having an unthreaded first end portion and an internally threaded second end portion;
n. a three way purge ball valve unit having an internally threaded first end cavity portion, an internally threaded second end cavity portion, a first ball valve handle component, an internally threaded third end cavity portion, an externally threaded fourth end cavity portion, an ancillary ball valve handle component, and an internally threaded fifth end cavity portion;
o. said externally threaded first end portion of said first hollow main connector adapter unit being threadably connected within said internally threaded second end cavity portion of said 2 piece threaded ball valve unit with spring return;
p. said unthreaded second end portion of said first hollow main connector adapter unit being soldered to and about said first end segment of said elongated body portion of said E-shaped piping unit;
q. said first stem inner end segment being soldered to said elongated body portion of said E-shaped piping unit at and about said first through hole cut within said body portion;
r. said first stem outer end segment being soldered to and within said unthreaded first end portion of said first small hollow adapter unit;
s. said small ball valve unit being threadably connected via said internally threaded first end cavity portion thereof to said externally threaded second end portion of said first small hollow adapter unit;
t. said second stem inner end segment being soldered to said elongated body portion of said E-shaped piping unit at and about said second through hole cut within said body portion;
u. said second stem outer end segment being soldered to and within said unthreaded first end portion of said second small hollow adapter unit;
v. said internally threaded second end portion of said second small hollow adapter unit serving to threadably hold a low water sensor unit via external threading about a body portion of said sensor unit;
w. said second end segment of said elongated body portion of said E-shaped piping unit being soldered to and within said unthreaded second end portion of said second hollow main connector adapter unit;
x. said externally threaded first end portion of said second hollow main connector adapter unit being threadably connected within said internally threaded first end cavity portion of said three way purge ball valve unit;
y. said internally threaded first end cavity portion of said 2 piece threaded steel ball valve unit with spring return being amenable to being threadably connected with the externally threaded distal end portion of initial piping connected within a hole found within a building structure's hot water boiler unit, and;
z. said internally threaded second end cavity portion of said three way purge ball valve unit being amenable to being threadably connected with the externally threaded proximal end portion of outflow piping leading to said building structure's heating system.

US Pat. No. 10,190,894

TECHNOLOGIES FOR CONTROLLING DEGRADATION OF SENSING CIRCUITS

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A sensor mote for performing a sensor function, the sensor mote comprising:a housing, wherein at least a portion of the housing is biodegradable;
at least one sensor located in the housing to produce sensor data indicative of a sensed stimulus;
a controller located in the housing to receive the sensor data and control operations of the sensor mote,
wherein the controller is to detect a trigger event and initiate degradation of the portion of the housing in response to detection of the trigger event; and
a communication subsystem to transmit a trigger signal to an another sensor mote in response to detection of the trigger event.

US Pat. No. 10,190,892

ENCODER

MITUTOYO CORPORATION, Ka...

1. An encoder comprising:a scale having a reference mark and having an incremental pattern;
a detection head configured to be relatively movable in a measurement direction with respect to the scale, and to detect a light intensity distribution of diffracted beams, when beams radiated onto the scale are diffracted by the reference mark and to output a detection result, the detection head including a light receiver, the light receiver being positioned so as to be able to detect diffracted beams other than a zeroth-order diffracted beam of light that passed through the reference mark; and
a signal processor configured to detect a reference position based on a position in the light intensity distribution where light intensity is lower than a predetermined value,
wherein the reference mark comprises a plurality of pattern areas arranged sequentially in the measurement direction and having a plurality of patterns each having a predetermined equal pitch in the measurement direction, each of the patterns comprising spaced pattern elements with the spaces between the pattern elements being devoid of pattern elements and
at least one pattern area of the plurality of pattern areas is disposed with an offset, in the measurement direction, with respect to a neighboring pattern area.

US Pat. No. 10,190,891

OPTICAL ENCODER FOR DETECTING ROTATIONAL AND AXIAL MOVEMENT

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An optical encoder for an electronic device, the optical encoder comprising:an elongated shaft;
a crown attached to a first end of the elongated shaft;
a set of surface forms disposed on the shaft, the set of surface forms created as a byproduct of forming the shaft;
an optical sensor comprising a light emitter configured to emit light towards the set of surface forms;
a plurality of photodiodes arranged in an array and configured to receive diffusively reflected light from the set of surface forms; and
a processor operably connected to the plurality of photodiodes;
wherein:
a rotational movement of the elongated shaft changes the diffusely reflected light;
a translational movement of the elongated shaft changes the diffusely reflected light;
changes in the diffusely reflected light produce changes in an output of the plurality of photodiodes;
the processor is configured to analyze changes in the output of the plurality of photodiodes and determine a direction of rotation of the elongated shaft when the elongated shaft is rotated;
the processor is configured to analyze changes in the output of the plurality of photodiodes and determine a direction of translation of the elongated shaft when the elongated shaft is translated; and
the processor is configured to analyze changes in the output of the plurality of photodiodes and determine the direction of rotation and the direction of translation when the elongated shaft is rotated and translated.

US Pat. No. 10,190,890

CAPACITANCE-TO-VOLTAGE CONVERSION CIRCUIT

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A capacitance-to-voltage conversion circuit comprising:a variable capacitance element having a capacitance value that depends on a physical quantity applied to the variable capacitance element;
an integration circuit that outputs a voltage by integrating electric charges generated by the variable capacitance element;
a first sample and hold circuit that samples and holds the voltage output from the integration circuit; and
a second sample and hold circuit that simultaneously samples and holds the voltage in synchronism with the first sample and hold circuit during at least an initial sampling period of the first sample and hold circuit,
wherein the second sample and hold circuit further samples the voltage at a rear-end period in a subsequent sampling period of the first sample and hold circuit after the initial sampling period.

US Pat. No. 10,190,888

SURGICAL STAPLING INSTRUMENTS WITH LINEAR POSITION ASSEMBLY

Covidien LP, Mansfield, ...

1. A surgical stapling instrument, comprising:an elongate body having a proximal end and a distal end, the elongate body including a longitudinally translatable central shaft;
a cartridge assembly coupled to the distal end of the elongate body and defining a longitudinal axis, the cartridge assembly including a staple cartridge;
an anvil assembly selectively connectable to a distal end of the central shaft; and
a linear position assembly including:
a pair of opposing magnets mounted to the central shaft, wherein each magnet generates a magnetic field, the pair of opposing magnets each having a north pole and a south pole and being oriented such that the north poles of the pair of opposing magnets are adjacent one another or the south poles of the pair of opposing magnets are adjacent one another; and
a plurality of sensors fixed within the cartridge assembly and configured to sense a change in the magnetic fields upon a longitudinal movement of the pair of opposing magnets in response to an actuation of the central shaft to determine a linear position of the anvil assembly along the longitudinal axis relative to the staple cartridge.

US Pat. No. 10,190,887

MOBILE ELECTRONIC DEVICE, INFORMATION PROVISION METHOD, INFORMATION PROVISION CODE, AND INFORMATION PROVISION SYSTEM

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. A mobile electronic device comprising:a storage configured to store a plurality of items of information including a first item of information and a second item of information;
a display configured to display the first item of information and the second item of information; and
a controller configured to
cause the display to display a screen,
in response to that a movement state of the mobile electronic device is determined to be a first movement state,
cause the display to maintain displaying the screen and to start displaying an item based on the first item of information in accordance with the first movement state among the plurality of items of information at a first position on the screen, and
in response to that a movement state of the mobile electronic device is determined to be a second movement state,
cause the display to maintain displaying the screen and to start displaying, instead of the item based on the first item of information, an item based on the second item of information in accordance with the second movement state among the plurality of items of information at the first position on the screen.

US Pat. No. 10,190,886

NETWORK SYSTEM TO DETERMINE A ROUTE BASED ON TIMING DATA

Uber Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A network system comprising:one or more processors; and
one or more memory resources storing instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the network system to:
receive, over one or more networks from a user device of a user, a first set of data corresponding to a query related to a service and including data regarding a service location;
in response to receiving the first set of data, access a database to identify available items for selection by the user in association with the service, the available items being provided by a plurality of entities, each of the plurality of entities providing different sets of available items;
receive, over the one or more networks from the user device, a second set of data corresponding to a request for service and that identifies a set of items selected by the user from the available items, the set of items being provided by two or more selected entities of the plurality of entities;
in response to receiving the second set of data, select a service provider from a plurality of service providers to provide the service; and
determine a route of navigation for the service provider based at least in part on a current location of the service provider, mapping information accessed from a map database, and respective timing information associated with each item of the set of selected items.

US Pat. No. 10,190,885

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING SERVICE USING A SENSOR AND IMAGE RECOGNITION IN A PORTABLE TERMINAL

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a camera;
a display;
a storage storing instructions; and
a processor configured to execute the instructions to at least:
obtain real-time images from the camera,
identify an object within the obtained real-time images,
display an augmented reality (AR) graphical object related to the identified object on the display while obtaining the real-time images,
based on an input corresponding to a capture event, generate a first image by combining the AR graphical object and one of the obtained real-time images only while displaying the AR graphical object on the display,
store the generated first image in the storage, and
display the generated first image stored in the storage on the display in response to executing an application related to the generated first image including the AR graphical object.

US Pat. No. 10,190,883

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR SUPPORTING A DRIVER OF A VEHICLE

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for supporting a driver of a vehicle, comprising:guiding the driver with a navigation device of the vehicle from a starting point to a destination via a defined driving route;
automatically detecting with the navigation device whether the vehicle has deviated from the defined driving route;
when it is detected that the vehicle has deviated from the defined driving route, determining with the navigation device whether an amount of propulsion energy stored in an energy storage device of the vehicle is sufficient to still reach at least one energy refilling station;
when an energy refilling station can no longer be reached by the vehicle, automatically establishing a phone connection with a vehicle-external help center with a phone device of the vehicle, prior to the vehicle becoming stranded, or
when an energy refilling station can no longer be reached by the vehicle, automatically displaying to the driver with a display device of the vehicle prior to the vehicle becoming stranded, a signal that the driver should establish a phone connection with a vehicle-external help center;
when a phone connection with the vehicle-external help center is established, transmitting vehicle data with a data transmitting device of the vehicle to the vehicle-external help center,
wherein the vehicle data include at least one member selected from the group consisting of data regarding the actual position of the vehicle, data regarding the average propulsion energy consumption of the vehicle, data regarding an amount of propulsion energy stored in the energy storage device of the vehicle, and data regarding an actual energy consumption of the vehicle; and
in response to transmission of data regarding the actual energy consumption of the vehicle to the vehicle-external help center, controlling by the vehicle-external help center with a control device at least one energy setting device of the vehicle with which an energy consumption of the vehicle can be set and/or changed.

US Pat. No. 10,190,880

ELECTRONIC TIMEPIECE

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. An electronic timepiece comprising:a first indicating hand;
a second indicating hand;
a receiver that receives position identification information for identifying a current position;
a magnetic sensor; and
a controller that determines a direction to a destination based on the position identification information received by the receiver, an output from the magnetic sensor, and destination information representing a position of the destination and determines a distance to the destination based on the position identification information and the destination information,
wherein the first indicating hand indicates the direction to the destination, and the second indicating hand displays the distance to the destination.

US Pat. No. 10,190,879

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING GROUND POSITION CHANGES

PHILIPS LIGHTING HOLDING ...

1. A system for detecting localized ground position changes with an overall area, comprising:a plurality of lighting units each fixed to the ground and mounted within the overall area, wherein each lighting unit comprises a movement detection and/or positioning system and a transmitter for transmitting movement and/or positioning information to a remote central processing unit; and
the central processing unit for receiving the movement and/or positioning information from the plurality of fixed lighting units and adapted to process the received positioning information to identify local ground position changes;
wherein the central processing unit is adapted to identify a local around position change based on position and/or movement information from a plurality of lighting units in close proximity to each other having correlated ground position changes, and optionally wherein the correlated position changes correspond to position changes in the same direction or towards or away from a common point.

US Pat. No. 10,190,878

UNIVERSAL LIQUID ANGLE INDICATOR

1. A liquid angle indicator, consisting of the base with a graduated glass tube attached to it, which contains liquid and an indicator, i.e. an air bubble, differing by having an open loop semicircular glass tube, its ends are attached to the rectangular plate (base). (FIG. 1).

US Pat. No. 10,190,874

METROLOGY OF MULTIPLE PATTERNING PROCESSES

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A method comprising:providing a first amount of illumination light to a first plurality of measurement sites on a semiconductor wafer, wherein each of the first plurality of measurement sites includes at least one multiple patterned metrology target characterized by at least one parameter of interest generated by at least two patterning steps of a multiple patterning process, wherein a pitch of the at least one multiple patterned target fabricated by the multiple patterning process is a multiple of a pitch of a mask of a lithography system employed as part of the multiple patterning process, wherein the at least one parameter of interest is indicative of a geometric error that results from the multiple patterning process, wherein at least one of the multiple patterned metrology targets located at one or more of the first plurality of measurement sites is different from at least one of another of the multiple patterned metrology targets;
detecting an amount of light from each of the first plurality of measurement sites in response to the first amount of illumination light provided to each of the first plurality of measurement sites on the semiconductor wafer, the detected amount of light comprising a first amount of optical measurement data;
receiving the first amount of optical measurement data associated with the measurements of the first plurality of measurement sites on the semiconductor wafer;
determining a value of the at least one parameter of interest associated with each of the first plurality of measurement sites based on the first amount of measurement data and a signal response metrology (SRM) model, wherein the SRM model is an input-output model measurement model that directly relates the received optical measurement data to a value of the at least one parameter of interest; and
storing the value of the at least one parameter of interest in a memory.

US Pat. No. 10,190,872

PHOTODETECTION DEVICE INCLUDING INTERFERENCE ELEMENT

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A photodetection device, comprising:an image sensor that includes first pixels and second pixels;
an interference element that includes incident regions; and
illumination that emits light in a first wavelength band and light in a second wavelength band different from the first wavelength band, wherein
the interference element:
causes first interference of part of the light in the first wavelength band incident on two incident regions that are included in the incident regions and that are adjacent to each other, and guides resultant light of the first interference to any of the first pixels and guides another part of the light in the first wavelength band incident on the two incident regions to any of the second pixels, and
causes second interference of part of the light in the second wavelength band incident on the two incident regions, and guides resultant light of the second interference to any of the first pixels and guides another part of the light in the second wavelength band incident on the two incident regions to any of the second pixels.

US Pat. No. 10,190,869

INFORMATION PROCESSING DEVICE AND INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An information processing device, comprising:a processor configured to:
collect information indicating a plurality of visual target positions from a plurality of viewpoints, wherein the plurality of viewpoints are in a space;
evaluate a plurality of positions in the space based on density of the plurality of visual target positions;
control an image sensor to obtain image data, wherein the image sensor obtains the image data based on an imaging operation on an inside of the space;
acquire the image data from the image sensor;
edit the image data based on the evaluated plurality of positions in the space; and
generate, based on the edited image data, free-viewpoint image data to provide a free viewpoint image.

US Pat. No. 10,190,868

METROLOGY SYSTEM, METHOD, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT EMPLOYING AUTOMATIC TRANSITIONING BETWEEN UTILIZING A LIBRARY AND UTILIZING REGRESSION FOR MEASUREMENT PROCESSING

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

9. A metrology system, comprising:(1) a computer subsystem for:
operating the metrology system in a first mode to perform measurement processing utilizing a library, including:
(a) collecting, by the metrology system, signals from a fabricated semiconductor device by:
a light source of the metrology system directing light towards one or more areas of the fabricated semiconductor device, and
a detector of the metrology system receiving light reflected from the one or more areas of the fabricated semiconductor device, generating the signals responsive to the received light, and outputting the signals to a computer subsystem, and
(b) processing the signals utilizing the library to obtain measurements for the fabricated semiconductor device;
while operating the metrology system in the first mode, determining that a first predetermined condition has been met, including that a quality of a measurement is below a predefined threshold quality; and
in response to determining that the first predetermined condition has been met, automatically transitioning the metrology system from operating in the first mode to operating in a second mode to perform the measurement processing in association with the measurement, utilizing regression, the transitioning being performed by:
automatically selecting, by the metrology system, fixed parameters that are to be added as floating parameters for the measurement processing utilizing the regression, and
adding the selected fixed parameters as the floating parameters for the measurement processing utilizing the regression; and
(2) a dedicated regression processing cluster of the metrology system or the computer subsystem for:
operating the metrology system in the second mode to perform the measurement processing in association with the measurement, utilizing the regression, including:
performing the regression in association with the measurement utilizing the floating parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,190,866

FABRY-PEROT CAVITY, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, INTERFEROMETER AND MEASURING METHOD FOR WAVELENGTH OF LIGHT

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A Fabry-Perot cavity, comprising:two parallel substrates and a liquid crystal layer between the two parallel substrates, and a sealed cavity is defined between the two substrates;
wherein the two substrates comprise a first substrate and a second substrate, light operably enters through the first substrate and runs out from the second substrate via the liquid crystal layer, and a deflection angle of the liquid crystal layer is operably changed by applying various voltage between the two substrates,
wherein each substrate comprises a transparent substrate and a metal layer provided on the transparent substrate; the metal layers of the two substrates are disposed facing with each other; at least one end of the transparent substrate of the first substrate is not covered by the metal layer so as to define a transparent incidence opening.

US Pat. No. 10,190,865

VERIFYING END EFFECTOR FLATNESS USING ELECTRICAL CONTINUITY

Lam Research Corporation,...

1. A system for measuring flatness of an end effector in a semiconductor processing tool, the system comprising:an end effector that is at least partially electrically conductive and is configured to move in a z-direction, an x-direction, and a y-direction, wherein the z-direction is in the vertical direction, the x-direction is orthogonal to the y-direction, and the x-direction and the y-direction are perpendicular to the z-direction;
a probe;
an electrical continuity detector configured to detect electrical continuity between the probe and the end effector when the probe and the end effector are in electrically conductive contact; and
a controller configured to:move the end effector in the z-direction to cause electrically conductive contact between the end effector and the probe.

US Pat. No. 10,190,863

METHOD FOR MEASURING THE THICKNESS OF A LAYER OF RUBBER-LIKE MATERIAL

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A method for measuring a thickness of a layer of rubber-like material that includes a free face in contact with air and a face joined to an adjacent reinforcement made of elements electrically insulated from one another, each of the elements containing at least one hysteretic material having a magnetic permeability greater than a magnetic permeability of air, the method comprising steps of:causing a sensitive element, which emits an alternating magnetic field, to be moved towards the layer of rubber-like material;
measuring hysteretic losses in the adjacent reinforcement, the hysteretic losses being measured at terminals of the sensitive element; and
evaluating a thickness of the layer of rubber-like material based on the hysteretic losses.

US Pat. No. 10,190,862

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR HIGH PRECISION CABLE LENGTH MEASUREMENT IN A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Marvell World Trade Ltd.,...

1. A method for cable length measurement in a communication system, the method comprising:transmitting, at a transmitter, a plurality of data symbols at a first data rate via a wired data communication link;
in response to the transmitting, receiving, at a receiver, a reflection signal from the wired data communication link;
obtaining, at a signal sampler, a phase shift number of shifting sampling phases for sampling the received reflection signal;
sampling, at the sampler, the received reflection signal based on the phase shift number of shifting sampling phases to generate reflection samples, each reflection sample corresponding to a sampled value of the received reflection signal shifted by a sampling phase from the phase shift number of shifting sampling phases;
combining the reflection samples with different sampling phases to generate a phase shift number of reflection samples corresponding to a second data rate higher than the first data rate;
for each data symbol of the plurality of data symbols, generating a phase shift number of data symbols with different shifted phases corresponding to the phase shift number of shifting sampling phases, and
for each respective data symbol of the phase shift number of data symbols, subtracting the respective data symbol from a respective reflection sample of the phase shift number of reflection samples, respectively, to obtain a plurality of reflection response samples at the second data rate;
determining, at a cable length calculation unit, a delay parameter indicative of a transmission time for a signal to transmit from the transmitter to an end of the wired data communication link based on values of the plurality of reflection response samples of reflection response samples; and
generating, at the cable length calculation unit, an estimate of a length of the data communication link based at least in part on the determined delay parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,190,855

BULLET COLLECTING BOX CAPABLE OF STACKING AND INSTALLING, AND BULLET COLLECTING SYSTEM FOR PREVENTING OCCURRENCE OF LEAD FUME IN INDOOR SHOOTING RANGE USING THE BULLET COLLECTING BOX

1. A bullet collecting system comprising:a gun firing position which fires bullets from a gun using a bullet in an indoor shooting range;
a target which is spaced apart by a first distance from the gun firing position;
a bullet collecting unit which is located in a rear side of the target and which collects bullets that are fired by the gun and flying, an internal space of which is filled with rubber powder filling materials having a particle size of 0.1-3 mm;
air suction ducts which are installed in at least two places on a bottom surface of the indoor shooting range between the gun firing position and the bullet collecting unit and which suck gunpowder smokes and dusts including lead fume generated when firing bullets from the gun; and
an induction blower which is connected with the air suction ducts, and which can discharge gunpowder smokes and dusts, including the lead fume, outside the indoor shooting range by moving air within the air suction ducts,
wherein the bullet collecting unit includes:
a beaten zone structure frame which is fabricated so as to occupy a three dimensional space by combining metal material-made square pipes in a lattice shape, in which a first inclined installation pipes located on the front is installed to be inclined at an angle of 45-90° with respect to the bottom surface of the indoor shooting range;
a pipe protective pad for protecting square pipes without damage when the bullets collide with the square pipes, by wrapping the square pipes forming the beaten zone structure frame;
a second inclined installation pipe which is installed in a lower side of the first inclined installation pipes so as to be inclined at an angle of 20-80° with respect to the bottom surface of the indoor shooting range;
a fire protection plate which is installed to be inclined with respect to the bottom surface by mounting to the second inclined installation pipe;
a front rubber plate which covers the front portion of the beaten zone structure frame and which is supported by the first inclined installation pipes;
a bullet collecting space which is formed by a space between the front rubber plate and the fire protection plate; and
a rubber powder filling material filled in the bullet collecting space,
whereby the bullet collecting system prevents occurrence of lead fume in the indoor shooting range.

US Pat. No. 10,190,853

TEXTILE MADE FROM CHAINS AND PROCESS FOR ITS MANUFACTURE

1. A method for making a textile from a first and second pre-existing chain segments, said chain segments comprised of at least one chain link, said method comprising the steps of:placing the first and second chain segments of on a substrate, said substrate being substantially planar;
stitching the first and second chain segments together on the substrate using at least one thread where the at least one thread passes through the substrate and through a first link in the first of the chain segment and through a second link in the second chain segment;
and removing the substrate from the stitched chain segments without disturbing the threads.

US Pat. No. 10,190,851

WINDAGE MECHANISM

1. A sight comprising:a frame having an opening formed therein;
a boss, wherein a portion of the boss is positioned within the opening and selectively held by the frame;
a knob rotatably attached to a first end of the boss;
a sight pin mount having a stem, the stem located within a bore formed in the boss;
a sight pin attached to the sight pin mount and engaged with the boss and the knob; and
wherein movement of the boss within the frame moves the sight pin laterally; and
wherein the knob is in threaded engagement with the stem such that when the knob is rotated in a first direction the sight pin moves in first lateral direction; and when the knob is rotated in a second direction the sight pin moves in second lateral direction.

US Pat. No. 10,190,850

SNIPER DASHBOARD

1. A sniper dashboard comprising:a support arm including a clamping member configured to be removably mounted to a rail interface system of a firearm, the support arm comprising a raised mounting surface having two v-shaped grooves formed thereon, the two v-shaped grooves being disposed orthogonally, and a threaded bore defined at an intersection of the two v-shaped grooves;
a mounting block comprising a v-shaped protrusion shaped to selectively fit within either of the two v-shaped grooves and an unthreaded bore defined by the mounting block such that the unthreaded bore aligns with the threaded bore of the support arm when the v-shaped protrusion fits within either of the two v-shaped grooves;
a mounting screw configured to threadedly engage the threaded bore;
a compression spring disposed about a shaft of the mounting screw and between a head of the mounting screw and the mounting block;
a display panel rotatably mounted to the support arm; and
an attachment mechanism for removably attaching a ballistics data card or calculator to the display panel,
wherein the compression spring maintains engagement of the v-shaped protrusion with one of the two v-shaped grooves and upon a rotating force being applied to the mounting block, the compression spring yields to allow rotation of the v-shaped protrusion between the other of the two v-shaped grooves.

US Pat. No. 10,190,847

RECOIL SPRING GUIDE MOUNTED TARGET MARKER

Crosman Corporation, Blo...

1. An electronic device for use with a firearm, comprising:a circuit board having a first end and a second end;
a laser module having an outer surface;
a lead joined between the first end of the circuit board and the laser module to position the outer surface of the laser module in a longitudinal relation to the second end; and,
a first portion of a firearm component having an exterior surface and an interior with a first opening shaped to receive the laser module outer surface and a second opening longitudinally separated from the first opening;
wherein the first opening and the interior of the first portion of the firearm component are configured to allow the second end of the circuit board to be inserted through the first opening into the interior with the interior being shaped to interact with the outer surface of the laser module to position the second end at a predetermined longitudinal relation with respect to the second opening.

US Pat. No. 10,190,845

PIN PUSHER FOR FIREARMS

1. A pin pusher for firearms, comprising:a finger ring having a resilient generally annular body adapted to encompass and resiliently compress about a periphery of at least one human phalange;
a pin punch affixed on a first end with, supported by, and protruding from said finger ring, said pin punch adapted to contact and transfer force to a removable firearm pin and thereby move said removable firearm pin relative to a firearm; and
a mirror adjacent to a junction between said finger ring and said pin punch.

US Pat. No. 10,190,843

PROJECTILE MAGAZINE AND SIMULATED WEAPON HAVING SAME

1. A magazine for projectiles in a simulated weapon, the magazine comprising:a housing defining an internal chamber, the housing further including a gas inlet situated at an inlet portion of the internal chamber and an outlet situated at an outlet portion of the internal chamber, the internal chamber of the housing shaped to accommodate a series of projectiles; and
a restraining element positioned at the outlet portion of the internal chamber, the restraining element configured to restrain a leading projectile of the series of projectiles against pressure from pressurized gas applied to the gas inlet, the restraining element configured to release the leading projectile as pressure across the leading projectile rises;
a bypass passage for gas to flow past the leading projectile when the leading projectile is restrained by the restraining element.

US Pat. No. 10,190,840

FIREARM SUPPORT

1. A support for attachment to a firearm having a lower rail, the support comprising:a body member having a top surface, a bottom surface, a front, a rear, a first side, and a second side;
a pair of parallel rails extending across the top surface from the rear to the front to form a channel configured to receive and hold the lower rail;
a pair of first extensions extending from the front and terminating in a pair of forward-facing surfaces, wherein the pair of first extensions are symmetrical about a plane defined by a set of points equidistant from the first outer wall and the second outer wall;
a two-pronged claw extending from the bottom surface proximate the front, each prong of the claw terminating in a bottom edge, wherein the bottom edges and the forward-facing surfaces form a plane;
a second extension extending from the bottom surface proximate the rear and terminating in a rounded lip;
wherein the pair of first extensions and the two-pronged claw form a substantially concave surface configured to receive curved surfaces, and
wherein the two-pronged claw and second extension form a substantially concave surface configured to receive curved surfaces.

US Pat. No. 10,190,839

FIREARM BARREL ALIGNMENT GUIDE

6. A firearm barrel alignment guide assembly, comprising:a firearm adapter configured to temporarily attach to a firearm;
a barrel alignment guide attached to the firearm adapter, the barrel alignment guide having:
a proximal end, a distal end, and a body extending therebetween;
a projectile aperture aligned with a longitudinal axis of the body;
the body including a funnel, the funnel having a proximal end with a lateral extent greater than an outer diameter of a muzzle end of a firearm barrel and an inner surface that is tapered in a distal direction, such that the funnel directs the firearm barrel into axial alignment with the projectile aperture when a force brings the funnel and the firearm barrel into contact with each other;
a distal end of the funnel having an inner diameter less than the outer diameter of the muzzle end of the firearm barrel and the distal end of the funnel terminating proximate the projectile aperture;
whereby the inner surface of the funnel is in direct contact with the muzzle end of the firearm barrel and the muzzle end of the firearm barrel extends distally beyond the proximal end of the funnel when the firearm adapter is attached to the firearm.

US Pat. No. 10,190,837

ADJUSTABLE GUN LOCK

1. An adjustable gun lock for a gun with a trigger, wherein the trigger comprises a first side and a second side, comprising:a mounting device, comprising;
a rail adaptor,
a first side and a second side,
a first trigger guard, engaged with the first side of the rail adaptor, comprised of an extendable fan linkage, wherein the extendable fan linkage is comprised of a plurality of interconnected links that block the first side of the trigger in a fan-like manner when extended,
a second trigger guard, engaged with the second side of the rail adaptor, comprised of an extendable fan linkage, wherein the extendable fan linkage is comprised of a plurality of interconnected links that block the second side of the trigger in a fan-like manner when extended,
a first locking mechanism, further comprising;
at least one locking pin, wherein the locking pin, when in a locked position, engages the fan linkage of the first trigger guard and prevents the extendable fan linkage of the first trigger guard from extending,
an actuator, wherein the actuator moves the at least one locking pin into an unlocked position,
a second locking mechanism, further comprising;
at least one locking pin, wherein the locking pin, when in a locked position, engages the fan linkage of the second trigger guard and prevents the extendable fan linkage of the second trigger guard from extending,
an actuator, wherein the actuator moves the at least one locking pin into an unlocked position,
at least one locking electronic device, wherein the locking electronic device is engaged with the actuator of the first locking mechanism and the actuator of the second locking mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,190,833

MECHANICALLY CONFORMABLE MICRO-HEAT EXCHANGERS AND METHODS FOR USE IN THERMAL MANAGEMENT OF TARGET COMPONENTS

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A mechanically conformable micro-heat exchanger, for use in managing temperature of a subject component, comprising:a heat-transfer fluid including nanoparticles, the heat-transfer fluid being surface functionalized to, in operation, cool or heat a subject component in a predetermined manner;
a physically flexible substrate configured to change shape easily by manual manipulation; and
a physically flexible fluid tube being connected to the substrate and also configured to change shape easily by manual manipulation;
wherein:
the nanoparticles of the heat-transfer fluid have more particle dispersion, or are more isolated, than nanoparticles of the heat-transfer fluid if not surface functionalized;
the mechanically conformable micro-heat exchanger can be changed manually from an initial shape to a first shape to conform to a first-subject-component shape of the subject component;
the fluid tube comprises a fluid-tube opening and a fluid-tube exit, and a heat-transfer tube section positioned between the fluid-tube opening and the fluid-tube exit;
the fluid tube is configured to receive the heat-transfer fluid via the fluid-tube opening and channel the heat-transfer fluid, from the fluid-tube opening, through the heat-transfer tube section, and to the fluid-tube exit; and
the heat-transfer fluid is configured to cool or heat the subject component when, in operation of the mechanically conformable micro-heat exchanger, the heat-transfer fluid is channeled through the heat-transfer tube section.

US Pat. No. 10,190,830

THERMAL MODULE ASSEMBLING STRUCTURE

ASIA VITAL COMPONENTS CO....

1. A thermal module assembling structure comprising:a base seat formed with a channel and at least one hole, the channel being recessed and formed on one side of the base seat and having an inner lateral wall dislodged by the at least one hole towards a centerline of the channel, the inner lateral wall ending at the one side in at least one projecting claw section, and the inner lateral wall further having at least one protrusion section between the at least one projecting claw section and the at least one hole in the lateral direction of the channel, the at least one hole being recessed and formed on the one side of the base seat in adjacency to the channel and corresponding to the at least one protrusion section and the at least one projecting claw section formed on the lateral inner wall of the channel; and
a heat pipe, one end of the heat pipe being received in the channel, the heat pipe having at least one insertion recess dislodged by the at least one protrusion section and formed on an outer side of the one end of the heat pipe, the at least one protrusion section being integrally fitted and inserted in the at least one insertion recess such that one side of the one end of the heat pipe is received in and attached to the channel and such that an other side is flush with the one side of the base seat.

US Pat. No. 10,190,825

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING TEMPERATURE OF A METAL MELT IN AN ELECTRIC ARC FURNACE

ABB Schweiz AG, Baden (C...

1. A method for determining a tapping time for a metal melt in an electric arc furnace (EAF), wherein at least one electrode is provided for melting the metal melt until it reaches a target tapping temperature, wherein the EAF further comprises a slag and smoke layer on a surface of the metal melt, wherein an electromagnetic stirrer is provided for stirring the metal melt, the method comprising:a) supplying a power to the electrode in order to melt a scrap to the metal melt,
b) stirring the metal melt in the EAF using the electromagnetic stirrer,
c) arranging a lance unit dedicatedly configured to include an inert gas,
d) blowing away the slag and smoke from the surface of the metal melt using the inert gas from the dedicatedly arranged lance unit,
e) non-contactingly measuring a temperature of the metal melt,
f) receiving the measured temperature,
g) calculating a temperature profile based on the measured temperature using a temperature control unit,
h) estimating a tapping temperature at a first time point based on the calculated temperature profile using the temperature control unit, and
i) determining the tapping time based on the estimated tapping temperature at the first time point, the target tapping temperature, and the power supplied to the electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,190,820

METHOD FOR DRYING WET PARTICULATE MATTER, WHEREIN THE DRIED PARTICULATE MATTER IS A WHITE MINERAL HAVING A BRIGHTNESS RY OF AT LEAST 65% THAT FORMS PARTICULATE MATTER THROUGH DRYING IN DIRECT SUPERHEATED STEAM DRYER

Omya International AG, O...

1. A method for drying wet particulate matter, wherein the dried particulate matter is a white mineral having a brightness Ry of at least 65% measured according to DIN 53163, the method comprising the steps of:a) providing at least one feed stream of wet particulate matter;
b) providing a recirculation circuit comprising at least one drying chamber, at least one circulation fan, and at least one heat exchanger, wherein the at least one drying chamber comprises a mixing system and mixed particulate matter, at least one inlet for the feed stream of wet particulate matter, at least one inlet for superheated steam, and at least one outlet for exhaust steam, wherein the recirculation circuit includes no fines/steam separator between the at least one outlet of the at least one drying chamber for exhaust steam, the at least one inlet of the at least one drying chamber for the feed stream of wet particulate matter, and the at least one inlet of the at least one drying chamber for superheated steam that is configured to separate particulate matter from the exhaust steam traveling along the recirculation circuit;
c) feeding, either continuously or discontinuously, the at least one feed stream of wet particulate matter into the mixed particulate matter in the at least one drying chamber via the at least one inlet for the feed stream;
d) feeding superheated steam into the at least one drying chamber via the at least one inlet for superheated steam;
e) directly contacting the mixed particulate matter with superheated steam within the at least one drying chamber to dry the mixed particulate matter and exhausting said steam via the at least one outlet for exhaust steam without separating from the exhaust steam any carried particulate matter;
f) feeding the exhaust steam carrying particulate matter from the step (e), without separating from the exhaust steam any carried particulate matter, into the at least one heat exchanger, in which the exhaust steam carrying particulate matter is reheated to provide superheated steam, wherein the exhaust steam carrying particulate matter passes the at least one circulation fan before or after the at least one heat exchanger, and feeding said superheated steam back into the at least one drying chamber via the at least one inlet for superheated steam;
g) splitting an excess steam from at least one position within the recirculation circuit;
h) feeding the excess steam into at least one mechanical compressor, wherein the excess steam is compressed to raise its saturated temperature, using said compressed excess steam as a source of heat in the at least one heat exchanger, and discharging the excess steam as a liquid condensate; and
i) discharging, either continuously or discontinuously, the dried particulate matter as at least one product stream via at least one outlet to obtain the dried particulate matter.

US Pat. No. 10,190,819

ARGON CONDENSATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY, INC.,...

1. A method of condensing argon reflux within an air separation unit having an argon column, a lower pressure column and a higher pressure column, said method comprising the steps of:extracting a crude argon feed stream from the lower pressure column;
distilling the crude argon feed stream in the argon column to produce an argon-rich vapor column overhead;
directing at least a portion of the argon-rich vapor column overhead to a plurality of once-through heat exchangers;
condensing the argon-rich vapor streams within condensation passages of the plurality of once-through heat exchangers such that argon-rich vapor streams composed of argon-rich vapor column overhead are condensed within condensation passages of the once-through heat exchangers to produce an argon-rich liquid product stream and argon-rich liquid reflux stream
returning the argon-rich liquid reflux stream to the argon column as reflux;
introducing one or more streams of crude liquid oxygen column bottoms from the higher pressure column into vaporization passages of the plurality of once-through heat exchangers to partially vaporize the crude liquid oxygen streams through indirect heat exchange with the argon-rich vapor streams to produce partially vaporized crude liquid oxygen streams
introducing the partially vaporized crude liquid oxygen streams into the lower pressure column;
sensing liquid flow rates of the crude liquid oxygen streams directed from the bottom of the higher pressure column to the vaporization passages of the plurality of once-through heat exchangers;
controlling the flow rates of the crude liquid oxygen streams to the plurality of once-through heat exchangers in response to the sensed liquid flow rates and the level of the crude liquid oxygen bottoms in the higher pressure column; and
controlling a feed stream flow rate of the crude argon feed stream in response to an air flow rate into the air separation unit and by controlling the reflux flow rate of the argon-rich liquid reflux by:
(i) decreasing the reflux flow rate of the argon-rich liquid reflux stream when the feed stream flow rate is above a feed stream set point to thereby cause the argon-rich liquid reflux to back up into the condensation passages of the once-through heat exchanger causing an increase in pressure of the argon-rich vapor stream and within the argon column; and
(ii) increasing the reflux flow rate of the argon-rich liquid reflux stream when the feed stream flow rate is below a feed stream set point to thereby cause a decrease in the pressure of the argon-rich vapor stream and within the argon column.

US Pat. No. 10,190,817

REFRIGERATOR

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a refrigerator main body including a cooling space; and
a carbonated water production assembly provided in the refrigerator main body,
wherein
the carbonated water production assembly includes:
a production module, and
a carbon dioxide supply module connected to the production module to supply carbon dioxide, and
the production module includes:
an installation body to which a carbonated water container is attachable to and detachable from, and
an installation sensor which senses when the carbonated water container is attached to the installation body such that a carbonated water production capable state is established in which carbonated water is produceable in the carbonated water container.

US Pat. No. 10,190,816

DOOR FOR REFRIGERATOR AND REFRIGERATOR

BSH Hausgeraete GmbH, Mu...

1. A door for a refrigerator, the door comprising:a door housing defining a front surface of the door;
a thermal insulation material disposed in said door housing, wherein said thermal insulation material is combined with said door housing;
a concave portion recessed backwards from said front surface of the door, wherein one end of said concave portion has a ramp extending forwards; and
a detachable member isolated from said thermal insulation material and connected to said door housing, at least one part of said ramp is formed by said detachable member, said at least one part of said ramp being inclined relative to said front surface of the door.

US Pat. No. 10,190,815

DOMESTIC REFRIGERATION APPLIANCE

BSH Hausgeraete GmbH, Mu...

1. A domestic refrigeration appliance, comprising:a heat-insulated inner container delimiting a coolable interior for storing foodstuffs;
a refrigeration device for cooling said coolable interior;
a door leaf for opening and closing said coolable interior;
hinges mounting said door leaf along an axis in an articulated manner relative to said inner container, at least one of said hinges being a self-closing hinge acting on said door leaf up to a first opening angle of said door leaf for automatically closing said door leaf; and
an opening aid device including an actuator, a tappet being movable at least indirectly back and forth by said actuator between a first position and a second position, a sensor for identifying pushing on and pulling on said door leaf, and an electronic control device being activated by said sensor and being configured to operate said actuator:
to enable said door leaf to be closed if said tappet is in said first position,
to move said tappet from said first position to said second position to push open said closed door leaf through a second opening angle being smaller than said first opening angle by using said tappet,
to move said tappet automatically into said first position immediately or with a time delay after reaching said second position,
to automatically move said tappet immediately from said first position into said second position upon pulling on said closed door leaf, and
to automatically move said tappet from said first position into said second position with a time delay after said sensor identifies a pushing on said closed door leaf, in order to prevent said opening aid device from pushing said door leaf open during said pushing on said closed door leaf.

US Pat. No. 10,190,813

REFRIGERATOR AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a cabinet including a refrigerating compartment and a freezing compartment provided at a lower section of the refrigerating compartment;
a refrigerating compartment door configured to selectively open or close the refrigerating compartment;
a freezing compartment door configured to selectively open or close the freezing compartment;
a partition wall provided between the refrigerating compartment and the freezing compartment;
an insulation material provided within the partition wall;
a compartment recessed from a top surface of the partition wall, wherein the compartment extends a predetermined length in a first direction, the first direction extending from a front of the refrigerator toward a rear of the refrigerator;
a compartment lid provided above the compartment and configured to selectively open or close the compartment;
a receiving portion formed in the insulation material;
a heater mounted on the receiving portion, wherein the heater extends a predetermined length in the first direction such that the heater is provided underneath a majority of the compartment;
a refrigerator temperature sensor detecting a temperature of the refrigerating compartment or the freezing compartment of the refrigerator; and
a control unit adjusting an operation factor or output of the heater on the basis of a temperature value detected by the refrigerator temperature sensor, wherein the insulation material includes:
a first insulation part provided between an upper portion of the heater and a bottom of the compartment; and
a second insulation part provided between a lower portion of the heater and a bottom of the partition wall.

US Pat. No. 10,190,812

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR REDUCING THE POSSIBILITY OF VEHICLE HEAT EXCHANGER FREEZING

Ford Global Technologies,...

14. A vehicle system, comprising:an evaporator including evaporator fins;
a compressor in fluidic communication with the evaporator;
a condenser in fluidic communication with the evaporator and the compressor;
grille shutters; and
a controller including executable instructions stored in non-transitory memory for:
adjusting a temperature threshold in response to a grille shutter position of the grille shutters,
in response to a temperature of the evaporator fins being within a predetermined temperature of the temperature threshold and a rate of change of the temperature of the evaporator fins exceeding a threshold rate of change, performing an action to reduce a possibility of evaporator fin freezing; and
adjusting the temperature threshold in response to ambient temperature, where the adjustment based on the grille shutter position is a larger adjustment than the adjustment in response to the ambient temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,190,811

POSITIVE AIR PRESSURE ICE MAKING AND DISPENSING SYSTEM

1. A method for making ice in an ice maker having an ice producing subsystem and an ice storage device including a door, comprising:(a) receiving water from a water supply;
(b) creating ice, in the ice producing subsystem, using the received water;
(c) creating and maintaining, using a fan, a positive air pressure environment within the ice making machine, the positive air pressure environment within the ice making machine being an environment having an air pressure greater than an air pressure of ambient air outside the ice making machine;
(d) activating the fan, when a measured air pressure within the ice producing subsystem is below a predetermined air pressure, to maintain the positive air pressure environment within the ice making machine;
(e) providing an air shield between the ice producing subsystem and the ice storage device, the air shield having an open position and a closed position, the air shield being biased to the closed position, the air shield being in the closed position when the air pressure in the ice producing subsystem is equal to the air pressure in the ice storage device;
(f) maintaining, when the air shield is in the closed position, a positive air pressure environment within the ice producing subsystem, the positive air pressure environment within the ice producing subsystem being an environment having an air pressure greater than the air pressure of the ambient air outside the ice making machine;
(g) transferring the created ice from the ice producing subsystem to the ice storage device when the air shield is in the open position; and
(h) transitioning, when an air pressure in the ice producing subsystem is greater than an air pressure in the ice storage device is caused by the door of the ice storage device transitioning to an opened position, the air shield from the closed position to the open position to enable air flow from the ice producing subsystem to the ice storage device.

US Pat. No. 10,190,810

MINIATURIZED MOTOR ASSEMBLY

20. A motor assembly comprising:a motor comprising a rotatable shaft;
a gear train assembly coupled to the rotatable shaft of the motor and comprising an output shaft, the gear train assembly comprising:
a plurality of gears that are rotatably connected to each other and each gear is arranged at an angle relative to each other so that, at a view looking towards the plurality of gears in an axial direction of gear rotation, a line connecting a center of each gear is curved, thereby reducing a width of the motor assembly as opposed to the plurality of gears all being aligned in a straight line, wherein an output stage gear that includes the output shaft is positioned in front of the motor in the axial direction of rotation, thereby reducing a height of the motor assembly as opposed to the output stage gear not being positioned in front of the motor; and
a control board connected to the motor to control the motor to power the gear train assembly, thereby rotating the output shaft into a plurality of positions.

US Pat. No. 10,190,808

REFRIGERATION SYSTEM WITH PURGE AND ACID FILTER

TRANE INTERNATIONAL INC.,...

1. A centrifugal chiller system, comprising:a compressor;
a condenser;
an expansion device;
an evaporator;
the compressor, the condenser, the expansion device, and the evaporator are fluidly connected to form a refrigeration circuit;
a purge fluidly connected to the condenser to receive a chiller refrigerant flowing through the centrifugal chiller system from the condenser, the purge configured to remove one or more non-condensable gases from the chiller refrigerant, the chiller refrigerant being a low pressure refrigerant that operates at less than atmospheric pressure; and
an acid filter operatively connected to the purge, the acid filter configured to remove one or more acids from the chiller refrigerant,
wherein the acid filter is disposed within the purge, or is located fluidly between the condenser and the purge.

US Pat. No. 10,190,802

SOLAR HEATING APPARATUS

King Saud University, Ri...

1. A solar heating apparatus, comprising:at least one optical element;
a drive assembly configured for selectively moving the at least one optical element along multiple axes of rotation, the drive assembly having an elevation shaft and an azimuth rotation shaft;
a support frame positioned in communicating relation with the drive assembly, the support frame having:
a main shaft having a first extension member, a second extension member, an a pin extending between the first extension member and the second extension member;
a wheel positioned on the pin;
at least one branch holder rotatably attached to the main shaft, the at least one optical element being mounted on the at least one branch holder; and
at least one belt drive configured for rotating the at least one branch holder, the at least one belt drive being rotated by the elevation shaft; and
an azimuth motion circular plate, the main shaft of the support frame being mounted on the azimuth motion circular plate for rotation therewith;
an azimuth tracking motor driving rotation of the azimuth rotation shaft;
a rotation motion gear mounted on the azimuth rotation shaft;
a rotation motion worm gear driven by the rotation motion motor, the worm gear driving the rotation motion gear to rotate the azimuth rotation shaft; and
an attachment member having one end pivotally connected to the elevation shaft and an opposing end pivotally connected to the wheel.

US Pat. No. 10,190,801

SOLAR HEATING APPARATUS

King Saud University, Ri...

1. A solar heating apparatus, comprising:a pair of longitudinally spaced apart brackets;
a pair of two-axis bearings respectively mounted on the pair of longitudinally spaced apart brackets;
a longitudinally extending shaft secured to, and extending between, the pair of two-axis bearings, the longitudinally extending shaft being selectively rotatable about a longitudinal axis;
a pair of laterally extending shafts respectively secured to the pair of two-axis bearings, each of the laterally extending shafts being selectively rotatable about a lateral axis, wherein each of the laterally extending shafts has first and second portions positioned symmetrically about a corresponding one of the two-axis bearings;
at least one reflector mount secured to each of the laterally extending shafts, wherein each of the at least one reflector mount is selectively rotatable with respect to the corresponding one of the laterally extending shafts;
at least one optical reflector mounted on the at least one reflector mount of each of the laterally extending shafts;
a pair of rotating members respectively secured to the pair of laterally extending shafts;
a plurality of continuous belts; each belt mounted on, and extending between, the pair of rotating members to selective drive simultaneous rotation of the pair of laterally extending shafts about their respective later axes;
each belt driving the successive belt through connection at a respective laterally extending shaft
at least one secondary laterally extending shaft secured to the longitudinally extending shaft, the at least one secondary laterally extending shaft being positioned between the pair of two-axis bearings and selectively rotatable about the lateral axis, wherein the at least one secondary laterally extending shaft has first and second portions positioned symmetrically about the longitudinally extending shaft;
at least one secondary reflector mount secured to the at least one secondary laterally extending shaft, wherein the at least one secondary reflector mount is selectively rotatable with respect to the at least one secondary laterally extending shaft;
at least one secondary optical reflector mounted on the at least one secondary reflector mount; and
at least one secondary rotating member secured to the at least one laterally extending shaft for engagement with the continuous belt.

US Pat. No. 10,190,799

HVAC DAMPER SYSTEM

Honeywell International I...

1. A forced air damper actuator assembly for applying a rotational bias force to a shaft of a damper blade that is disposed within an air duct in order to control a crack pressure of the air duct, the forced air damper actuator assembly comprising:a damper actuator configured to apply a rotational bias force to a shaft of a damper blade;
an actuator housing for housing the damper actuator;
a bias force adjuster positioned at least partially within the actuator housing that is adjustable from outside of the actuator housing, the bias force adjuster usable by a user to manually adjust a bias force setting along a range of bias force settings, the bias force setting sets the rotational bias force that is applied by the damper actuator to the shaft;
a pressure level indicator positioned at least partially within the actuator housing and visible from outside of the actuator housing to provide an indication of the current bias force setting; and
a standoff for spacing the bias force adjuster from the air duct by a distance that facilitates an application of insulation around the air duct while leaving the bias force adjuster exposed and available for manual adjustment by the user.

US Pat. No. 10,190,797

METHOD OF FORMING A REFLECTIVE LAMINATE INSULATING ASSEMBLY

1. A method comprising:(a) moving a plurality of sidewalls of a reflective laminate insulating assembly from a first transport configuration, wherein a majority of a base and a majority of each of the plurality of sidewalls are parallel to an installation configuration, wherein each of the plurality of sidewalls is inclined relative to the base; wherein the reflective laminate insulating assembly includes a base, a first sidewall extending from the base and a second sidewall extending from the base, at least one of the first sidewall and the second sidewall terminating at a free edge and a portion of the first sidewall is affixed to a portion of the second sidewall, independent of the base; and
(b) disposing the reflective laminate insulating assembly in the installation configuration adjacent a portion of an HVAC duct component.

US Pat. No. 10,190,793

BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WITH ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORAGE OPTIMIZATION BASED ON STATISTICAL ESTIMATES OF IBDR EVENT PROBABILITIES

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A building management system comprising:building equipment configured to consume electrical energy and generate thermal energy for use in satisfying a thermal energy load of a building;
thermal energy storage configured to store at least a portion of the thermal energy generated by the building equipment and to discharge the stored thermal energy;
electrical energy storage configured to store electrical energy purchased from a utility and to discharge the stored electrical energy; and
a controller configured to determine, for each time step within a time horizon, an optimal amount of electrical energy to allocate to an incentive-based demand response (IBDR) program by optimizing a value function that accounts for revenue predicted to result from participating in the IBDR program based on statistical estimates of IBDR event probabilities;
wherein the controller is configured to estimate the IBDR event probabilities based on a history of past IBDR events, each of the past IBDR events comprising an invitation to participate in the IBDR program in exchange for a monetary incentive.

US Pat. No. 10,190,789

CENTRAL PLANT WITH COORDINATED HVAC EQUIPMENT STAGING ACROSS MULTIPLE SUBPLANTS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A controller for a central plant that includes at least a first subplant and a second subplant configured to serve a thermal energy load of a building, the controller comprising:a communications interface configured to communicate with the first subplant and the second subplant; and
a processing circuit communicably coupled to the communications interface and comprising a processor and memory, the memory comprising:
an equipment staging detector configured to detect a staging event for equipment of the second subplant and to determine when the staging event occurs;
a subplant staging evaluator configured to use input from the equipment staging detector to determine whether a predetermined time period has elapsed since the staging event for the equipment of the second subplant has occurred;
a subplant staging preventer configured to prevent the first subplant from staging equipment of the first subplant in response to a determination that the predetermined time period has not elapsed since the staging event for the equipment of the second subplant has occurred;
a central plant optimizer configured to perform an optimization process to determine a desired set of the equipment of the first subplant for use in serving the thermal energy load; and
a desired equipment drop detector configured to determine whether the desired set of the equipment of the first subplant has dropped to zero;
wherein the subplant staging preventer is configured to allow the first subplant to stage the equipment of the first subplant in response to a determination that the desired set of the equipment of the first subplant has dropped to zero.

US Pat. No. 10,190,788

MULTI-MODE AUTO CHANGEOVER SYSTEM

Honeywell International I...

1. A thermostat comprising:a cool mode and heat mode mechanism having a connection for controlling a building heating and cooling system for affecting a temperature of a space;
a temperature setpoint mechanism, having cool and heat setpoints that are adjustable, connected to the cool mode and heat mode mechanism; and
an auto changeover connected to the temperature setpoint mechanism; and
wherein:
the auto changeover is configured to switch the thermostat from one mode to another mode according to the temperature of the space for a set amount of time relative to the cool and heat setpoints and hystereses above and below the cool and heat setpoints, respectively;
the auto changeover is configured to occur at each of the cool setpoint is less than the heat setpoint, the cool and heat setpoints are the same, and the cool setpoint is greater than the heat setpoint.

US Pat. No. 10,190,776

FUEL INJECTOR SYSTEM

ROLLS-ROYCE plc, London ...

14. A fuel injector system having:a fuel feed arm which, in use, extends inwardly from an outer casing of combustion equipment of a gas turbine engine to a flame tube of the combustion equipment, the fuel feed arm ending in an injection nozzle which penetrates a head of the flame tube to deliver fuel into the flame tube;
a swirler which, in use, is arranged coaxially with the injection nozzle at the head of the flame tube, the swirler having one or more air swirler circuits which produce respective flows of swirling air around the fuel delivered by the nozzle; and
a seal ring which seals the injection nozzle to the swirler, the injection nozzle being removably inserted into the seal ring for sealing engagement therewith,
wherein the seal ring has a flange portion, and the swirler has a pair of spaced retention grooves at a front face thereof, opposite edges of the flange portion slidingly locating in the grooves such that the flange portion sealingly engages to the front face,
wherein the swirler has a spring mechanism which retains the flange portion in the grooves,
wherein the grooves are formed by respective lipped rails at the front face of the swirler, the lipped rails being attached to the swirler, the grooves defined between the respective lipped rails and the front face of the swirler, and
wherein the lipped rails are substantially parallel to a radial direction of the engine.

US Pat. No. 10,190,754

OPTICAL ATTACHMENT FEATURES FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE-BASED LIGHTING SYSTEM

COOPER TECHNOLOGIES COMPA...

1. A light-emitting diode (LED) lighting system, comprising:an enclosure comprising an enclosure wall forming a cavity and an enclosure collar having a first profile, wherein the first profile of the enclosure collar and the enclosure wall have a recess disposed therebetween;
a trim comprising a trim collar that directly abuts to the enclosure collar, wherein the trim collar has a second profile;
a reflector comprising an outer surface, an inner surface comprising a reflective material, and a reflector collar having a first optical attachment mechanism; and
a diffuser comprising a diffuser collar, wherein the diffuser collar comprises a second optical attachment mechanism and a third optical attachment mechanism, wherein the second optical attachment mechanism couples to the first optical attachment mechanism, wherein the third optical attachment mechanism comprises a protrusion, and wherein the protrusion is disposed within the recess formed by the enclosure wall, the first profile of the enclosure collar, and the second profile of the trim collar when the enclosure collar is mechanically coupled to the trim collar.

US Pat. No. 10,190,747

OPTIC FOR PROVIDING BIASED ILLUMINATION

COOPER TECHNOLOGIES COMPA...

1. A system comprising:an optic comprising:
a front and a rear;
a cavity that comprises:
an opening disposed at the rear;
a bottom; and
a sidewall that extends between the opening and the bottom and that circumscribes an axis, the cavity configured to receive light emitted by at least one light emitting diode disposed adjacent the opening;
a convex refractive surface disposed at the bottom of the cavity and configured for condensing a first portion of the received light that transmits in the cavity along the axis; and
a surface that circumscribes the cavity and is configured for totally internally reflecting a second portion of the received light that passes through the sidewall of the cavity, the surface comprising:
a first surface region extending circumferentially partially about the cavity and extending between the front and the rear; and
a second surface region extending circumferentially partially about the cavity and extending between the front and the rear,
wherein the first surface region and the second surface region meet one another at two circumferential positions with two discontinuities,
wherein the front comprises a second surface positioned for passing the first portion of the received light that is condensed and the second portion of the received light that is totally internally reflected,
wherein as compared to the second surface region, the first surface region is radially closer to the axis at the front of the optic, and
wherein as compared to the first surface region, the second surface region is radially closer to the axis at the rear of the optic.

US Pat. No. 10,190,740

LIGHT SOURCE UNIT AND VEHICLE FRONT LAMP USING THE LIGHT SOURCE UNIT

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A light source unit comprising:a light source module;
a heat sink including a light source arrangement portion on which the light source module is arranged and a plurality of heat dissipation fins that are plate-shaped and arranged in a first direction such that main surfaces thereof face each other;
a drive circuit for controlling driving of the light source module; and
a circuit cover configured to cover the drive circuit,
wherein the light source arrangement portion is provided on an anterior surface side of the heat sink,
the plurality of heat dissipation fins are provided on a posterior surface side of the heat sink, and
the circuit cover is attached to the heat sink such that at least two ventilation holes are present in a spatial region framed by a part of the heat sink that is on the posterior surface side and the circuit cover.

US Pat. No. 10,190,718

ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY, PUMP SYSTEM HAVING ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY, AND METHOD

BAKER HUGHES, A GE COMPAN...

1. An accumulator assembly for a pump system at a well site, the accumulator assembly arranged to fluidically connect to a flow line between a blender and a fracturing pump of the pump system, the accumulator assembly comprising:a pressurizable tank configured to contain pressurized fluid; and,
a control valve fluidically connected between a discharge end of the tank and the flow line;
an accumulator assembly pump fluidically connected to the tank, the accumulator assembly pump arranged at a discharge end of the tank, and disposed between the tank and the control valve;
wherein the control valve opens and fluidically connects the tank to the flow line when a pressure on the flow line is less than a target pressure, and the control valve closes and fluidically blocks communication between the tank and the flow line when the pressure on the flow line is greater than or substantially the same as the target pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,190,709

SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF COUPLING PIPES

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A coupling system, comprising:a coupling sleeve having opposing upper and lower ends, an intermediate portion disposed between the upper and lower ends, and a plurality of axially extending slots defined in each of the upper and lower ends, wherein the upper end is configured to receive a proximal end of a first pipe and is flared radially outwardly at a first angle relative to the intermediate portion, and wherein the lower end is configured to receive a proximal end of a second pipe and is flared radially outwardly at a second angle relative to the intermediate portion;
an upper sliding ring disposed about the coupling sleeve and axially movable in a first direction from a first position to a second position distally located from the proximal end of the first pipe, in response to which the upper end is forced radially inward into gripping engagement with an outer surface of the first pipe, wherein the upper sliding ring has an inner surface tapered at an angle substantially corresponding to the first angle of the upper end;
a lower sliding ring disposed about the coupling sleeve and axially movable in a second direction opposite the first direction and away from the upper sliding ring, from a first position to a second position distally located from the proximal end of the second pipe, in response to which the lower end is forced radially inward into gripping engagement with an outer surface of the second pipe, wherein the lower sliding ring has an inner surface tapered at an angle substantially corresponding to the second angle of the lower end; and
wherein the proximal end of the first pipe is tapered or frustoconical in shape, wherein the proximal end of the second pipe is tapered or frustoconical in shape, and wherein the coupling sleeve exhibits an outer diameter that is substantially equal to or less than an outer diameter of the first pipe and an outer diameter of the second pipe when the upper end is in the gripping engagement with the outer surface of first pipe and the lower end is in the gripping engagement with the outer surface of the second pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,190,685

PARK CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE TRANSMISSION

1. A vehicle comprising:a prime mover in communication with an input shaft of a transmission;
an output shaft of the transmission in communication with a final drive and drive wheels;
a park actuator system internal to a housing of the transmission; and
a park control system mounted to an external surface of the housing of the transmission with a pivot shaft extending through the housing that connects to the park actuator system to selectively place the park actuator system in one of a park configuration and an out of park configuration, wherein the park control system comprises a pair of separate and independently operable park inhibit solenoids that are operable to hold the park control system in an out of park configuration, wherein the park control system further comprises a lever pivotally mounted on the pivot shaft, wherein the park control system further comprises a position sensor mounted on the pivot shaft that outputs a signal indicating when the lever is in the out of park configuration, and wherein the park inhibit solenoids are responsive to the signal from the position sensor indicating an out of park configuration for the lever to energize and hold their corresponding solenoid shafts in an extended position.

US Pat. No. 10,190,673

ACTIVE OIL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR AXLES

Dana Heavy Vehicle System...

1. An apparatus for regulating lubricant, comprising:a carrier housing having a lubricant sump;
a ring gear disposed within said carrier housing, wherein said ring gear is partially disposed in said lubricant sump;
a lubricant catch disposed in said carrier housing;
a reservoir formed separate and apart from said carrier housing;
a first conduit disposed between said lubricant catch and said reservoir;
a second conduit disposed between said reservoir and said lubricant sump; and
a first valve in fluid communication with said reservoir and said lubricant sump, wherein said first valve is at least partially disposed in said reservoir separate and apart from said carrier housing and said lubricant sump.

US Pat. No. 10,190,667

POWER TRANSMISSION INTERRUPTING DEVICE AND LIMITED-SLIP DIFFERENTIAL

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. A power transmission interrupting device configured to interrupt power transmission between a first rotating member and a second rotating member that are rotatable relative to each other on the same rotational axis, the power transmission interrupting device comprising:an interrupting member including engaging teeth that selectively engage with the second rotating member, and is movable in an axial direction between a coupling position at which the engaging teeth engage with the second rotating member and an uncoupling position at which the engaging teeth do not engage with the second rotating member; and
a moving mechanism that moves the interrupting member in the axial direction, wherein:
the moving mechanism includes an annular electromagnet including a coil winding that generates magnetic flux when current is applied thereto; a yoke constituting part of a magnetic path of the magnetic flux; a moving member, formed by a soft magnetic body, that constitutes the magnetic path of the magnetic flux with the yoke and moves in the axial direction; and a coupling member that couples the moving member with the interrupting member;
the moving member has a cylindrical part facing an inner circumferential surface or an outer circumferential surface of the electromagnet, and an annular cover extending from one end of the cylindrical part in a radial direction and covering one of axial end faces of the electromagnet;
the coupling member is connected between the moving member and the interrupting member; and
when current is applied to the coil winding, the interrupting member moves in the axial direction by the coupling member as the moving member moves so that an interval between the annular cover and the one axial end face of the electromagnet changes.

US Pat. No. 10,190,664

TRANSMISSION DRIVE UNIT OF A SEAT ADJUSTING DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A transmission drive unit (1) of a seat adjusting device comprising:an electrical drive motor (2),
a spindle drive (3) comprising a spindle (30) which is configured to be driven by the drive
motor (2) and a nut (31) which is connected to a first seat component,
a housing (4), wherein the housing (4) is produced from a plastic material, the housing (4) including a first interface (5) configured to be attached to a second seat component, wherein the first interface (5) includes a through-hole extending through the plastic housing (4) and configured to receive a hinge pin, and the housing (4) further includes a first bearing surface (7) bearing the spindle (30) of the spindle drive (3), and
a metallic reinforcing element (13) arranged on an outer face of the housing (4) and extending partially around the first interface (5).

US Pat. No. 10,190,661

TRANSMISSION FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A transmission for vehicles comprising:a first input shaft and a second input shaft configured to selectively receive power of a drive source via a first clutch and a second clutch;
a first output shaft and a second output shaft arranged parallel to the first input shaft and the second input shaft;
a shift device including a plurality of gear pairs tooth-engaged With the first input shaft and the second input shaft and with the first output shaft and the second output shaft, the gear pairs having different gear ratios, one gear pair conforming to a running speed being selected by a synchronizer to shift and output the power of the drive source; and
a reverse idler gear provided at a reverse idler shaft, the reverse idler gear being tooth-engaged with an input gear provided at the first input shaft or the second input shaft and tooth-engaged with an output gear provided at the first output shaft or the second output shaft, the reverse idler gear being selected by a reverse synchronizer to transmit power provided from the input gear to the output gear,
wherein the gear-pairs for formation of a first stage, a third stage, and a seventh stage are tooth-engaged with the first input shaft and the first output shaft;
wherein the gear pairs for formation of a fifth stage and a ninth stage are tooth-engaged with the first input shaft and the second output shaft;
wherein the gear-pairs for formation of a second stage, a fourth stage, and an eighth stage are tooth-engaged with the second input shaft and the first output shaft;
wherein the gear pairs for formation of a sixth stage and a tenth stage are tooth-engaged with the second input shaft and the second output shaft;
wherein the gear pair for formation of the seventh stage and the gear pair for formation of the ninth stage share a first input gear; and
wherein the gear pair for formation of the eighth stage and the gear pair for formation of the tenth stage share a second input gear.

US Pat. No. 10,190,656

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR BALANCING A WHEEL BY APPLICATION OF A HOT-MELT ADHESIVE BALANCING MASS

1. Balancing weight material for manufacturing of balancing weights, the balancing weight material comprising:a hot melt adhesive configured as a strand in a solid state prior to application of the hot melt adhesive to a rim, where
the hot melt adhesive comprises a filler of a high-density mass material,
the high-density mass material further comprises milled or ground stainless steel particles with particle sizes with d50 values between 20 ?m and 150 ?m,
the high-density mass material further has a volume fraction of between 35% and 75% relative to the balancing weight material,
the balancing weight material has a first melting temperature at which a surface of the balancing weight material will become adhesive, and
the balancing weight material is configured to be applied directly to the rim via a surface of the balancing weight material that has become adhesive to attach the balancing weight material to the rim.

US Pat. No. 10,190,655

TOOL FOR BALANCING A TURBINE ENGINE MODULE

SNECMA, Paris (FR)

1. Tooling for balancing a turbine engine module in a balancing machine, said module having at least one stator housing and a rotor having a shaft with a longitudinal axis A and at least one blade stage which is connected to a longitudinal end portion of said shaft and which is surrounded by said stator housing, wherein said tooling has at least:a balancing frame, having bearings designed to receive and to guide the shaft and the blade stage of the rotor, the position of at least one of said bearings being adjustable relative to said frame;
first and second attaching means designed to be attached to said stator housing;
third and fourth attaching means provided on said frame, to attach said first and second means, respectively, to said frame, the position of at least one of said third and fourth means being adjustable relative to said frame;
transporting means for transporting the frame;
supporting means for supporting the frame, provided on said frame and designed to cooperate equally well with the balancing machine and with the transporting means for transporting the frame, in order to support said frame in said transporting means for transport and in said balancing machine.

US Pat. No. 10,190,643

SYNCHRONIZER FOR RADIALLY APPLIED DOG CLUTCH FOR A VEHICLE

1. A radially applied dog clutch for a vehicle transmission, the clutch comprising:a driving member configured to rotate about an axis and including a cavity extending radially from the axis;
a driving tooth slidably movable within the cavity extending radially from the axis;
a driven member coaxially surrounding the driving member and including a radially inward extending driven tooth;
a synchronizer coaxially positioned between the driving member and the driven member; and
an actuator coaxially positioned within the driving member and movable along the axis to selectively engage the driving tooth sequentially with the synchronizer and the driven tooth.

US Pat. No. 10,190,636

COVER FOR A BEARING HOUSING AND A SUPPORT ASSEMBLY FOR ROTATING SHAFT ASSOCIATED

1. A cover for a bearing housing mounted on machinery for the food processing industry, comprising:a bottom wall,
an annular lateral wall that extends transversely to the bottom wall, and
a coupling portion towards the bearing housing obtained integrally on an end of the lateral wall opposite to the bottom wall; wherein
the cover is made in one piece of a polymeric material;
the coupling portion is designed to couple with the bearing housing laterally on the outside of the bearing housing;
the coupling portion is provided on the side opposite to the bottom wall with an annular sealing lip that extends frontally and overhangingly from a frontal rim of the coupling portion and which is made of the same polymeric material as the cover and is obtained integrally in one piece with the coupling portion;
the annular sealing lip is constrained to the frontal rim of the coupling portion so that the is elastically deformable in a radial direction from the inside outwards, wherein
the annular sealing lip is constrained to the frontal rim of the coupling portion by a root portion having a reduced radial thickness, is delimited radially on the inside by a substantially cylindrical lateral surface, while it is delimited radially on the outside by an oblique or curved lateral surface-shaped so that the sealing lip has a maximum radial thickness thereof near a free end thereof and a minimum radial thickness thereof at the root portion.

US Pat. No. 10,190,606

ACTUATOR FLEXIBLE MEMBER WITH REACTION FEATURE

Firestone Industrial Prod...

1. An actuator, comprising:a stiff base member defining a bottom of said actuator;
a flexible member connected to said stiff base member and having a sidewall and a contact surface on top of said flexible member, said flexible member and said stiff base member defining a fluid chamber therebetween, said sidewall having a first end connected to said stiff base member and a second end, said second end and said contact surface defining a transition area therebetween, said flexible member being configured to expand when said fluid chamber is filled with fluid;
a reaction feature placed on said transition area that is configured to govern movement of said sidewall; and
wherein said flexible member has a recess formed between said reaction feature and said contact surface.

US Pat. No. 10,190,605

NACELLE FOR AN AIRCRAFT TURBOJET ENGINE PROVIDED WITH A HYDRAULIC ROTO-LINEAR ACTUATOR OF A THRUST REVERSER AND OF A VARIABLE-SECTION NOZZLE

1. A nacelle for an aircraft turbojet engine comprising:a thrust reverser including a cowl displaceable between a deployed position which opens a passage in the nacelle for diverting air flow, and a stowed position which closes the passage;
a fixed structure relative to said cowl; and
a variable-section secondary nozzle comprising a plurality of panels or flaps movable in rotation;
a plurality of hydraulic actuators operable to sequentially actuate said cowl and said panels or flaps, each hydraulic actuator comprising a body mounted on said fixed structure, and a rod mounted in said body, and linked to said cowl and said panels or flaps via a movement transmission device, wherein the movement transmission device transmits movement of said hydraulic actuator to said panels or flaps; and
at least one actuation system for powering said hydraulic actuators, the at least one actuation system comprising a hydraulic control device connected to said hydraulic actuators and adapted to control displacement of the rods of the hydraulic actuators,
wherein said hydraulic actuators each comprise a displacement device which alternately displaces the rod in translation relative to said body to cause translation of the thrust reverser cowl or in rotation relative to said body to cause rotation of said panels or flaps of the variable-section secondary nozzle.

US Pat. No. 10,190,597

VACUUM PUMP AND ROTOR THEREOF

Edwards Japan Limited, C...

1. A vacuum pump, comprising:a circular member;
a drive means for driving the circular member rotatably on a center thereof;
a cylindrical member joined to an outer circumference of the circular member;
a stator member surrounding an outer circumference of the cylindrical member; and
a thread groove pump flow path formed between the cylindrical member and the stator member,
the vacuum pump exhausting gas through the thread groove pump flow path by rotating the circular member and the cylindrical member, wherein
the cylindrical member is made of a material having at least a feature of lower thermal expansivity or lower creep rate than that of a material of the circular member, and
a gap of a first region provided between a joint portion of the cylindrical member and a crest of a thread groove formed on an inner surface of the stator member is set to be larger than a gap of a second region provided between a non-joint portion of the cylindrical member and a crest of the thread groove formed on the inner surface of the stator member around the entire outer circumference of the cylindrical member by an amount to accommodate thermal expansion of the circular member or an amount of expansion by creep of the circular member.

US Pat. No. 10,190,591

AUTOMATIC BLOWER CONTROL

Lennox Industries Inc., ...

1. A blower unit controller for a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system including a blower unit having a blower and a blower motor, comprising:an input configured to receive motor operating parameters;
an output configured to provide a motor speed control signal to an inverter, wherein the inverter is in electrical communication with a blower motor and configured to provide a motor drive signal to the blower motor;
a memory configured to store a mathematical model of airflow produced by the blower, wherein the mathematical model is determined as a function of said motor operating parameters;
a processor configured to produce said motor speed control signal based on said mathematical model; and
wherein the mathematical model is configured to calculate an airflow rate as a function of at least one of frequency, voltage, and power of the motor drive signal as reported by the inverter and includes a static pressure term determined from the airflow.

US Pat. No. 10,190,587

MOTOR-DRIVEN COMPRESSOR

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA J...

1. A motor-driven compressor comprising:an electric motor including a rotor;
a housing including a suction port that draws in a fluid;
a compression unit driven by the electric motor, wherein the compression unit compresses an intake fluid, which is the fluid drawn in from the suction port, and discharges a compressed fluid, which is the compressed intake fluid;
a drive circuit that drives the electric motor; and
a controller that controls the drive circuit to control rotation of the rotor, wherein
the compression unit includes
a fixed scroll fixed to the housing,
a movable scroll engaged with the fixed scroll and configured to orbit the fixed scroll, and
a compression chamber defined by the fixed scroll and the movable scroll,
when the rotor rotates in a predetermined forward direction, the movable scroll orbits in the forward direction, and the compression unit thereby compresses the intake fluid drawn into the compression chamber,
the motor-driven compressor further comprises an injection port that draws an intermediate pressure fluid into the compression chamber, wherein the intermediate pressure fluid has a pressure that is higher than the intake fluid and lower than the compressed fluid,
the controller includes
a deceleration controller that performs a deceleration control, which decelerates the rotor, during a first period in response to the rotor being rotating in a direction opposite to the forward direction, and
a continuation controller that performs a continuation control, which continues the rotation of the rotor, during a second period that is longer than the first period after the deceleration control is performed, and
a fluctuation difference of a rotational frequency of the rotor during the continuation control is less than a deceleration rotational frequency difference, which is a difference between a rotational frequency of the rotor when the deceleration control is started and a rotational frequency of the rotor when the deceleration control is terminated.

US Pat. No. 10,190,576

ROLLER BEARING, RETAINER SEGMENT, SPACER AND MAIN SHAFT SUPPORT STRUCTURE OF WIND-POWER GENERATOR

NTN CORPORATION, Osaka (...

1. A roller bearing comprising:an outer ring;
an inner ring;
a plurality of rollers arranged between said outer ring and said inner ring; and
a plurality of retainer segments having a plurality of column parts extending in a direction along a shaft so as to form a pocket for holding said roller, and a connection part extending in a circumferential direction so as to connect the plurality of column parts, and continuously lined with each other in the circumferential direction between said outer ring and said inner ring, in which a corner of a circumferential end face of each retainer segment is chamfered; and
a spacer arranged between a circumferentially arranged first retainer segment and last retainer segment, the spacer having a circumferential spacer end face, the circumferential spacer end face having a chamfered part at a corner thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,190,542

CANISTER CLOSE VALVE DEVICE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A canister close valve device configured to open or close a passage mounted between a canister, for collecting evaporation gas evaporated from a fuel tank and an atmosphere, the canister close valve device comprising:a plunger configured to selectively move up or down through magnetization with a core inside a valve housing when a solenoid is activated;
a rod configured to perform a rectilinear reciprocating movement toward or away from the passage according to upward and downward movement of the plunger; and
a diaphragm valve body inserted into the plunger and connected to the valve housing, the diaphragm valve body being configured to be deformed by the upward and downward movement of the plunger and to generate a force for impeding the upward and downward movement of the plunger utilizing a pressure difference generated between the plunger and the valve housing.

US Pat. No. 10,190,535

HYPEREUTECTIC ALUMINUM-SILICON-BASED ALLOY HAVING SUPERIOR ELASTICITY AND WEAR RESISTANCE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An aluminum alloy comprising:an amount of 14 to 21% by weight of silicon (Si);
an amount of about 1 to 5% by weight of nickel (Ni);
an amount of about 4 to 5% by weight of titanium (Ti);
an amount of about 0.7 to 1% by weight of boron (B); and
aluminum (Al) constituting remaining balance of the aluminum alloy,
all the % by weight based on the total weight of the aluminum alloy.

US Pat. No. 10,190,532

AIR INTAKE STRUCTURE FOR VEHICLE ENGINE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. An air intake structure for a vehicle engine, the air intake structure comprising:a variable flap rotatably provided in an intake air passage so as to control a cross-sectional area of intake air flow;
a port plate provided downstream of the variable flap, and generating displacement in cooperation with the variable flap;
a driving unit configured to supply a driving force for generating displacement of both the variable flap and the port plate; and
a controller configured to determine a rotation angle of the variable flap in accordance with an operating range of an engine, and configured to control the driving unit so as to control the rotation angle of the variable flap,
wherein a rear end of the port plate facing a combustion chamber is configured to maintain a direct contact with an inner wall of the intake air passage while sliding in a longitudinal direction of the intake air passage in response to a variation in a rotation angle of the variable flap,
wherein a front end of the port plate coupled to the variable flap is configured to generate a rotational displacement relative to a downstream rear end of the variable flap, and
wherein a slide channel is formed in a bottom section of the inner wall of the intake air passage in the longitudinal direction of the intake air passage, and the rear end of the port plate is provided with a protrusion at opposite sides thereof for being engaged with the slide channel such that the protrusion slides along the slide channel in the longitudinal direction of the intake air passage.

US Pat. No. 10,190,530

POWER UNIT

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

2. A power unit comprising:an internal combustion engine body including a crankcase, a cylinder body, and a cylinder head sequentially stacked and fastened together to be integral with each other;
a cam shaft holder fastened and fixed to the cylinder head to rotatably support a cam shaft of a valve operating mechanism of the engine;
a cylinder head cover covering the cylinder head and the cam shaft holder; wherein:
fastening members are provided to penetrate the cylinder head cover and the cam shaft holder to fasten the cylinder head cover and the cam shaft holder to the cylinder head;
pressing surfaces are formed on an inner surface of the cylinder head cover, the pressing surfaces abutting against the cam shaft holder to press the cam shaft holder to the cylinder head;
wherein the cylinder head cover is formed with fastening bolt boss portions through which the fastening members are inserted, and the pressing surfaces are formed by boss seats formed on the fastening bolt boss portions; and
wherein the cylinder head cover has reinforcing ribs connecting the fastening bolt boss portions to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,190,524

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE HAVING TWO FUEL INJECTORS PER CYLINDER AND CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR

BOMBARDIER RECREATIONAL P...

1. A method for controlling a two-stroke internal combustion engine, the engine having at least one combustion chamber, at least one direct fuel injector for injecting fuel directly in the at least one combustion chamber, and at least one port fuel injector for injecting fuel upstream of the at least one combustion chamber, the method comprising:determining a first fuel quantity to be supplied to the at least one combustion chamber;
determining a ratio of the first fuel quantity to be injected by the at least one direct fuel injector;
determining a ratio of the first fuel quantity to be injected by the at least one port fuel injector;
injecting a second fuel quantity in the at least one combustion chamber using the at least one direct fuel injector;
injecting a third fuel quantity upstream of the at least one combustion chamber using the at least one port fuel injector,
a sum of the second and third fuel quantities being initially greater than the first fuel quantity; and
decreasing at least one of the second and third fuel quantities over time such that the sum of the second and third fuel quantities equals at least the first fuel quantity.

US Pat. No. 10,190,511

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

SCANIA CV AB, (SE)

1. A method for running a vehicle having a combustion engine, a starter motor and a driveshaft to which the engine is selectively connected to deliver driving force to the driveshaft for propulsion of the vehicle when the vehicle is in motion, the method comprising:determining that the vehicle is approaching a downgrade within a period of time or within a specified distance;
in response to the determination that the vehicle is approaching a downgrade, determining, based on look ahead data obtained for the vehicle, a look ahead data-based freewheel period of time, the look ahead data-based freewheel period of time being at least a period during which the vehicle is on the downgrade;
determining whether the look ahead data-based freewheel period of time is at least as long as a predetermined first period of time such that an amount of fuel reduction when the engine is switched off for the entirety of the first period of time is at least a first predetermined amount of fuel consumed when the engine is started by the starter motor; and
only when the determination is made that the look ahead data-based freewheel period of time is at least as long as the predetermined first period of time, disconnecting the engine from the driveshaft for the entirety of the look ahead data-based freewheel period, and switching off the engine for the entirety of the look ahead data-based freewheel period.

US Pat. No. 10,190,510

FUEL STORAGE APPARATUS

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A fuel storage apparatus comprising:a fuel tank;
a heat exchanger that performs heat exchange between fuel inside the fuel tank and a heat exchange medium;
a fuel pipe that is provided inside the fuel tank and that delivers the fuel to the heat exchanger; and
a medium pipe that is provided outside the fuel tank and that delivers the heat exchange medium to the heat exchanger,
the heat exchanger comprising:
a first joint provided inside the fuel tank and connectable to the fuel pipe; and
a second joint provided outside the fuel tank and connectable to the medium pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,190,502

BRAZING COMPONENTS AND TECHNIQUES

Delavan Inc., West Des M...

1. A method of joining comprising:applying braze to a braze reservoir in a first component;
engaging a second component to the first component, wherein a joint location is defined between the first and second components, wherein a wicking structure provides flow communication from the braze reservoir to the joint location wherein the wicking structure extends radially through the first component;
heating the braze;
flowing the braze from the reservoir through the wicking structure to the joint location; and
joining the first and second components together.

US Pat. No. 10,190,499

AXIAL TENSION SYSTEM FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE CASE

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A gas turbine engine comprising:a convex case section comprising:
an upstream case portion adjacent a forward edge of the convex case section, wherein the upstream case portion has a first radius relative to a centerline axis of the gas turbine engine at the forward edge;
a downstream case portion adjacent a rearward edge of the convex case section, wherein the downstream case portion has a second radius relative to the centerline axis at the rearward edge;
an intermediate case portion between the upstream case portion and the downstream case portion and having a third radius relative to the centerline axis that is larger than the first radius and the second radius; and
a tension rod extending from the upstream case portion to the downstream case portion, wherein an entirety of the tension rod is disposed radially inward of the intermediate case portion relative to the centerline axis, and wherein a first end of the tension rod is connected to a first bracket mounted to the upstream case portion, and where a second end of the tension rod is connected to a second bracket mounted to the downstream case portion.

US Pat. No. 10,190,494

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR STORING ENERGY IN FORM OF COMPRESSED AIR IN TUBES INTEGRATED IN A TANK CONTAINING WATER AND WATER VAPOUR

IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES, ...

1. A system for storing energy in compressed air, water and water vapor comprising:at least one tube providing a storage volume for the compressed air, water and vapor water, the tube being confined in a sealed pressurized pressure-resistant thermally-insulated tank, means for storing and releasing heat in the compressed air stored in the storage volume and the sealed pressurized pressure-resistant thermally insulated tank includes compressed air, water and water vapor which during heat storage progressively vaporizes until a water-vapor medium in phase equilibrium occurs in the tank which depends on pressure and temperature in the tank.

US Pat. No. 10,190,492

DUAL CRANKSHAFT, OPPOSED-PISTON ENGINES WITH VARIABLE CRANK PHASING

ACHATES POWER, INC., San...

1. An opposed-piston, internal combustion engine comprising:one or more cylinders, each cylinder including exhaust and intake ports near respective outer ends of the cylinder, wherein the cylinders are juxtaposed and oriented with exhaust and intake ports mutually aligned;
a pair of crankshafts rotatably mounted near respective exhaust and intake ends of the cylinders;
a pair of pistons disposed in each cylinder for opening and closing the ports of the cylinder by opposed sliding movement in the bore of the cylinder;
all of the pistons opening and closing the exhaust ports being coupled by connecting rods to the crankshaft mounted near the exhaust ends of the cylinders, and all of the pistons opening and closing the intake ports being coupled by connecting rods to the crankshaft mounted near the intake ends of the cylinders;
a gear train coupling the crankshafts to an output drive; and,
a crank phasing mechanism operatively coupled to a crankshaft and to the gear train for changing a crank angle of the crankshaft.

US Pat. No. 10,190,490

ENERGY STORAGE AND CONVERSION IN FREE-PISTON COMBUSTION ENGINES

EtaGen, Inc., Menlo Park...

1. A free-piston combustion engine system, comprising:a cylinder comprising a combustion section;
at least one tree-piston assembly in contact with the combustion section;
at least one gas spring in contact with the at least one free-piston assembly, wherein the at least one gas spring is configured to store energy from the at least one free-piston assembly during an expansion stroke of a piston cycle;
at least one linear electromagnetic machine for directly converting between kinetic energy of the at least one free-piston assembly and electrical energy; and
processing circuitry configured for:
causing the at least one gas spring to store at least a sufficient amount of energy from the at least one free-piston assembly during the expansion stroke to perform a subsequent stroke of the piston cycle thereby avoiding net electrical energy input over the subsequent stroke of the piston cycle by controlling at least a position of the at least one free-piston assembly, and
causing the linear electromagnetic machine to convert at least some of the energy stored in the at least one gas spring into electrical energy during the subsequent stroke of the piston cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,190,480

ENGINE COVER PLATE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for engine cooling, comprising:a cover plate for a coolant passage, the cover plate comprising a depression, coupled to a side of a cylinder block, and positioned adjacent to a water jacket of a cylinder, the cover plate including a coolant outlet port displaced away from a coolant inlet port, and a plurality of oil ports, where at least one of the oil ports is located in the cover plate and fluidly coupled to one or more piston oil injectors, the depression of the cover plate extending into a coolant cavity within the side of the cylinder block, a surface of the depression which contacts a coolant being sloped in an arc in a lateral plane with upward concavity, where the lateral plane is parallel to a y-z plane defined by a y-axis and a z-axis, the z-axis in the direction of gravity, and where the coolant inlet port is located in a higher portion of the coolant cavity than the coolant outlet port with respect to gravity, the coolant outlet port displaced away from the coolant inlet port both in a direction of the y-axis and the z-axis; and
the coolant cavity, covered by the cover plate, within the coolant passage and coupled to a fluid pump and the water jacket.

US Pat. No. 10,190,470

CATALYTIC DEVICE DETECTION SYSTEM

1. In an engine having an exhaust gas system which flows exhaust gasses through an aftertreatment device, a method for detecting the aftertreatment device, the method comprising the following steps:(a) sensing an inlet temperature of the exhaust gas at an inlet of the aftertreatment device;
(b) sensing an outlet temperature of the exhaust gas at an outlet of the aftertreatment device;
(c) filtering the inlet temperature;
(d) calculating an inlet temperature difference between the filtered and unfiltered inlet temperatures;
(e) comparing the inlet temperature difference to a first threshold;
(f) detecting that the inlet temperature difference is greater than a predetermined threshold, and in response to the detection of an occurrence of the inlet temperature difference being greater than the predetermined threshold, calculating an outlet temperature difference between a modeled outlet temperature and the sensed outlet temperature, the modeled outlet temperature representing a simulated temperature of the exhaust gas at the outlet of the aftertreatment device;
(g) comparing an absolute value of the outlet temperature difference to a second threshold; and
(h) detecting that the absolute value of the outlet temperature difference is greater than the second threshold, in response to the detection of the outlet temperature difference being greater than the second threshold, sending a signal to an operator of the engine indicating that the aftertreatment device is missing.

US Pat. No. 10,190,468

SENSOR ELEMENT AND EXHAUST GAS SENSOR HAVING A SENSOR ELEMENT

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A sensor element comprising:a sensor arrangement; and
a heating arrangement configured to heat the sensor arrangement, and including an electrically conductive heating structure that is at least partially electrically insulated from the sensor arrangement by electrical insulation having an electrically insulating material, wherein:
the electrically insulating material has gas-tight sintered particles; and
the gas-tight sintered particles include forsterite particles, spinel particles, or a mixture of forsterite particles and spinel particles.

US Pat. No. 10,190,459

INJECTION DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. An injection device (1), comprising:a pressure-controlled and outward-opening injection valve (2) which includes an axially displaceable valve piston (6) which penetrates through a throughflow opening (7) in a valve body (5) and has a valve tip (9) at one end,
a valve seat (8) assigned to the throughflow opening (7), and
at least one spring element (11) which urges the valve piston (6) having the valve tip (9) against the valve seat (8) in order to close the throughflow opening (7),
wherein the throughflow opening in the valve body continually tapers in a direction toward the valve seat,
wherein the valve tip (9) is axially displaceable in a flow chamber (15) which is formed between the valve body (5) and a perforated injection plate (14) which has a plurality of injection openings (19), and
wherein the valve tip (9) has, on a side opposed to the valve seat (8), an axial stop (18) interacting with the perforated injection plate (14), characterized in that the axial stop (18) is formed by an axial projection (17) on a flat underside (16) of the valve tip (9) that is assigned to the perforated injection plate (14).

US Pat. No. 10,190,432

BRUSH SEAL ASSEMBLY

Doosan Heavy Industries C...

1. A brush seal assembly, comprising:a diaphragm that includes a brush insertion groove;
a brush configured to have a first end disposed in the brush insertion groove of the diaphragm and a second end protruding toward a rotor;
a ring shaped support plate disposed adjacent to the brush, the ring shaped support plate being used to support a side of the brush, and the ring shaped support plate including a first portion disposed in the brush insertion groove of the diaphragm and a second portion extending out of the brush insertion groove; and
a first back plate configured to support a side of the ring shaped support plate and disposed in the brush insertion groove of the diaphragm, the first back plate including a portion extending out of the brush insertion groove that is in contact with the second portion of the ring shaped support plate,
wherein the ring shaped support plate includes:
a first support strip portion facing to the brush, and the first support strip portion including a material having an elastic restoring force, and
a second support strip portion facing to the first back plate, and the second support strip portion including a different type of material other than the material having the elastic restoring force.

US Pat. No. 10,190,430

TURBINE ENGINE, SUCH AS A TURBOJET OR A TURBOPROP ENGINE

SAFRAN AIRCRAFT ENGINES, ...

1. A turbomachine comprising:an annular combustion chamber defined by an inner shell and an outer shell;
a turbine distributor arranged downstream of the annular combustion chamber;
a downstream end of the outer shell or of the inner shell of the annular combustion chamber comprising a first radial rim arranged opposite a second radial rim of an upstream end of the turbine distributor, the first radial rim being an integral part of the annular combustion chamber and the second radial rim being an integral part of the turbine distributor, each of the first radial rim and the second radial rim including a proximal end and a distal end, the first radial rim and the second radial rim extending in a radial direction from the proximal end to the distal end; and
a sealing mechanism comprising a sealing strip extending between the first radial rim and the second radial rim to provide a seal between the annular combustion chamber and the turbine distributor;
a positioning lug; and
a cover extending circumferentially and axially, to cover at least partially the first radial rim of the annular combustion chamber and the second radial rim of the turbine distributor and the sealing strip,
wherein the sealing strip extends axially and circumferentially between the first radial rim and the second radial rim and bears against the distal end of the first radial rim and the distal end of the second radial rim,
wherein one end of the positioning lug engages a notch of the sealing strip to immobilize the sealing strip in a circumferential direction of the sealing strip and in an axial direction of the turbomachine, and
wherein the cover is fastened using the positioning lug, the positioning lug defined as a screw or a rivet.

US Pat. No. 10,190,429

INTERSHAFT SEAL WITH ASYMMETRIC SEALING RING AND CENTRIFUGAL RETAINING PLATES

Stein Seal Company, Kulp...

1. A seal assembly for use between an inner shaft and an outer shaft within a turbine engine comprising:(a) a sealing ring including a plurality of asymmetric ring segments, each said asymmetric ring segment further includes:
(i) a vertical flange; and
(ii) a pair of horizontal flanges which extend from said vertical flange in a non-symmetric arrangement, at least one slot disposed along each said horizontal flange;
(b) a pair of centrifugal retaining plates, said sealing ring interposed between said centrifugal retaining plates, each said centrifugal retaining plate includes a plurality of tabs extending therefrom, each said tab engaged by one said slot;
(c) a pair of end rings, said sealing ring and said centrifugal retaining plates interposed between said end rings, each said centrifugal retaining plate directly interposed between one said horizontal flange and one said end ring, said vertical flange extends from between said end rings in the direction of said outer shaft, a non-contact seal formed between an outer sealing surface along said vertical flange and an inner sealing surface along said outer shaft; and
(d) an inner ring, said sealing ring disposed about said inner ring, said inner ring includes a plurality of ridges that engages said asymmetric ring segments so as to prevent rotation of said asymmetric ring segments with respect to said inner shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,190,427

TURBINE NOZZLE BOX

Doosan Heavy Industries C...

1. A turbine nozzle box, comprising:an annular outer ring plate operable to be disposed in a turbine such that an outer peripheral surface thereof is adjacent to an inner peripheral surface of an inner casing of the turbine;
an annular nozzle unit disposed adjacent to an inner peripheral surface of the annular outer ring plate; and
an annular inner ring plate disposed such that an outer peripheral surface thereof is adjacent to an inner peripheral surface of the nozzle unit,
wherein the nozzle unit includes a plurality of segment blocks circumferentially installed at an arc angle,
wherein each of the plurality of segment blocks includes:
a nozzle frame configured to close a gap between the annular outer ring plate and the annular inner ring plate on a front surface of the nozzle box,
a nozzle located at an inner portion of the nozzle frame while extending toward the outlet end of the nozzle box,
extension parts extending outward from the nozzle, the extension parts being engaged with the annular outer ring plate and the annular inner ring plate,
a plurality of nozzles including extension parts that are engaged with the annular outer ring plate and the annular inner ring plate, and
an introduction portion disposed between the extension parts and a discharge portion,
wherein the plurality of segment blocks is disposed at an inlet end of a first-stage nozzle unit and the plurality of segment blocks is disposed between the plurality of nozzles, and
wherein an outlet end of the first-stage nozzle unit is open.

US Pat. No. 10,190,424

3D THERMOPLASTIC COMPOSITE PULTRUSION SYSTEM AND METHOD

Ebert Composites Corporat...

1. A 3D thermoplastic pultrusion system, comprising:at least a first set, second set, and third set of 3D thermoplastic forming machines,
the first set including a plurality of motion control CNC rotational motors and CNC actuators operatively coupled to the motion control CNC rotational motors, a flexible heated band connected to the CNC actuators to preform and heat a prepreg thermoplastic composite material, and bearings that the motion control CNC rotational motors pivot the actuators about and hold the actuators in position;
the second set located downstream of the first set and including a plurality of motion control CNC rotational motors and CNC actuators operatively coupled to the motion control CNC rotational motors, a flexible heated band connected to the CNC actuators to form and heat the prepreg thermoplastic composite material from the first set, and bearings that the motion control CNC rotational motors pivot the actuators about and hold the actuators in position;
the third set located downstream of the second set and including a plurality of motion control CNC rotational motors and CNC actuators operatively coupled to the motion control CNC rotational motors, a flexible chilled band connected to the CNC actuators to form the heated prepreg thermoplastic composite material from the second set into the thermoplastic composite pultrusion, and bearings that the motion control CNC rotational motors pivot the actuators about and hold the actuators in position;
a CNC control system controlling at least the first set, the second set, and the third set of 3D thermoplastic forming machines to form the prepreg thermoplastic composite material, the CNC control system including a 3D thermoplastic pultrusion system computer system having a computer readable medium configured to store executable programmed modules; a processor communicatively coupled with the computer readable medium configured to execute programmed modules stored therein; one or more computer programmed module elements is stored in the computer readable medium and configured to be executed by the processor, wherein the one or more computer programmed module elements is configured to perform the following for the prepreg thermoplastic composite material:
preform and heat the prepreg thermoplastic composite material with the first set of 3D thermoplastic forming machines;
form and heat the prepreg thermoplastic composite material from the first set with the second set of 3D thermoplastic forming machines;
form the heated prepreg thermoplastic composite material from the second set into the thermoplastic composite pultrusion with the flexible chilled band of the third set of 3D thermoplastic forming machines.

US Pat. No. 10,190,422

ROTATION ENHANCED TURBINE BLADE COOLING

Solar Turbines Incorporat...

1. A turbine blade for a gas turbine engine, comprising:an outer, peripheral wall extending along a suction side and a pressure side of the blade from a leading edge to a trailing edge of the blade and from a root end to a tip end of the blade;
a substantially vertical bifurcating internal wall extending between the leading edge and the trailing edge of the blade in between the suction side and the pressure side of the blade;
a plurality of pressure side cooling fluid passages defined between the peripheral wall on the pressure side of the blade and the bifurcating internal wall and extending at least part way from the root end to the tip end of the blade;
a plurality of suction side cooling fluid passages defined between the peripheral wall on the suction side of the blade and the bifurcating internal wall and extending at least part way from the tip end to the root end of the blade; and
at least one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages being configured to receive fresh cooling fluid from a cooling fluid inlet opening at the root end of the blade and direct the cooling fluid radially upwardly toward the tip end of the blade, wherein the tip end of the at least one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages is fluidly connected across a top side of the bifurcating internal wall to at least one of the plurality of suction side cooling fluid passages such that cooling fluid passes up through the at least one pressure side cooling fluid passages from the root end to the tip end of the blade, across the top of the bifurcating internal wall, and down through the at least one suction side cooling passage from the tip end to the root end of the blade,
wherein only a first one of the at least one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages is configured to receive cooling fluid from the cooling fluid inlet opening at the root end of the blade, the first one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages being fluidly connected across the top side of the bifurcating internal wall to two of the suction side cooling fluid passages,
wherein one of the two suction side cooling fluid passages is configured to direct cooling fluid from the first one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages downwardly along the suction side of the blade and is fluidly connected across the bottom side of the bifurcating internal wall to a second one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages adjacent a leading edge cooling fluid passage extending vertically along at least a portion of the leading edge of the blade; and
wherein one or more impingement holes are provided through an internal wall extending between the pressure side and the suction side of the blade and separating the second one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages and the leading edge cooling fluid passage, the one or more impingement holes configured for directing cooling fluid flowing upwardly through the second one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages into the leading edge cooling fluid passage, and a showerhead arrangement of film cooling holes being provided through the outer peripheral wall along the leading edge and configured for directing cooling fluid from the leading edge cooling fluid passage to the outer surface of the outer peripheral wall along the leading edge of the blade.

US Pat. No. 10,190,416

BLADE CASCADE FOR TURBO MACHINE

MTU Aero Engines AG, Mun...

1. A blade cascade for a turbomachine comprising:a plurality of identical blade groups situated next to each other in a circumferential direction, each blade group including:
a first individual blade having a first vane containing a first blade profile and a first side wall and the first side wall further including a first radial inner side wall,
a second individual blade differing from the first individual blade and having a second vane containing a second blade profile and a second side wall, the second side wall having a different contouring than the first side wall, the second side wall further including a second radial inner side wall that circumferentially adjoins to the first radial inner side wall, the first radial inner side wall and the second radial inner side wall, respectively, having radial depressions defined therein, and
a circumferential working fluid flow channel of each blade group that is at least partially defined by the circumferentially adjoined first and second radial inner side walls.

US Pat. No. 10,190,408

SYSTEM, APPARATUS, AND METHOD FOR DRILLING

APS Technology, Inc., Wa...

1. A method for monitoring a drilling operation of a drilling system, the drilling system having a drill string having a top end located at a surface of an earthen formation, the drill string configured to form a borehole in the earthen formation during the drilling operation, the method comprising the steps of:transmitting an electromagnetic signal via an electromagnetic telemetry tool located at a downhole end of the drill sting while the electromagnetic telemetry tool is in the borehole;
receiving the electromagnetic signal transmitted by the electromagnetic telemetry tool via a first pair of antennas positioned on the surface of the earthen formation, the first pair of antennas being spaced apart from the top end of the drill string, wherein the electromagnetic signal received by the first pair of antennas has a first signal characteristic at the surface;
receiving the same electromagnetic signal transmitted by the electromagnetic telemetry tool via a second pair of antennas each of which are different from each of the first pair of antennas, the second pair of antennas being positioned on the surface at a different location at a distance further away than that of the first pair of antennas with respect to the top end of the drill string, wherein the electromagnetic signal received by the second pair of antennas has a second signal characteristic at the surface at the different location;
receiving via a receiver assembly a first surface signal transmitted from the first pair of antennas and a second surface signal transmitted from the second pair of antennas, wherein the first surface signal has the first signal characteristic and the second surface signal has the second signal characteristic;
identifying via a computer processor if a) the first signal characteristic of the first surface signal received by the first electromagnetic antenna pair or b) the second signal characteristic received by the second electromagnetic antenna pair has a preferred signal characteristic; and
decoding the first surface signal or the second surface signal transmitted by the respective first pair of antennas and the second pair of antennas with the preferred signal characteristic, wherein the first signal characteristic and the second signal characteristic include a strength of the electromagnetic signal received by the antenna pairs respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,190,387

METHOD OF SEALING A WELL

STATOIL PETROLEUM AS, St...

1. A method of sealing a well comprising:creating one or more openings in a tubing installed in a wellbore, in a location for a well seal;
using a wireline to locate a stinger in said location;
setting the stinger in said location by hanging the stinger from said tubing; and
forming a seal in the well in said location, by injecting sealant through said stinger such that the sealant flows upwardly around the stinger,
wherein the stinger is extendable and telescopic,
wherein the stinger comprises a valve across an end which is lowermost when the stinger is extended, and
wherein a plurality of telescopic sections are held in a compacted configuration by a mechanism configured to release when a pre-determined pressure is applied, thus causing the telescopic sections to extend.

US Pat. No. 10,190,375

CONNECTION DEVICE FOR CONNECTING A SECONDARY CIRCUIT TO A DRILLING ELEMENT FOR THE CIRCULATION OF DRILLING FLUIDS IN AN OIL WELL

DRILLMEC S.P.A., Gariga ...

1. A connection device for connecting a secondary circuit for circulation of drilling fluids to a drilling element comprising an axial hole and a radial bore in communication with said axial hole; a safety valve assembly associated with said radial bore, the safety valve assembly comprises a valve body and at least one obstructor for taking at least two operating configurations;said connection device comprises:
a central body comprising:
a first connection portion for effecting a sealed connection to said secondary circuit;
a second connection portion for effecting a sealed connection to said radial bore;
an intake duct, interposed between said connection portions, for conducting said drilling fluids;
a clamping system, for connecting the connection device to the drilling element;
only one opening device for selectively opening and closing, at least partially, the radial bore by acting upon the valve assembly;
only one coupling device for connecting said opening device to said valve assembly;
wherein:
said opening device is adapted to selectively open and close, at least partially, said radial bore by acting upon a first obstructor of the valve assembly through at least one rotary movement;
said coupling device is for coupling to a clamping element comprised in the first obstructor, so that said the at least one rotary movement of said opening device is transferred to said first obstructor in order to selectively open and close, at least partially, said radial bore in a secure manner.

US Pat. No. 10,190,372

ENERGY TRANSMISSION EFFICIENT DRILL STRING COUPLING

SANDVIK INTELLECTUAL PROP...

1. A drill string for percussive drilling comprising:a first elongate drill string member having a main section and a male end;
a second elongate drill string member having a main section and a female end;
an outside diameter of the female end being greater than an outside diameter of the main section of the second drill member and an outside diameter of the male end being approximately equal to an outside diameter of the main section of the first drill string member; and
the male and female ends having respective threads to enable the male end to be secured inside the female end such that the male and female ends overlap axially by an axial length, the axial length of overlap of the male and female ends defining a coupling region, wherein the axial length of the coupling region is less than the outside diameter of the female end, the male end including a non-threaded shank positioned within the coupling region axially intermediate the main section, wherein a region at the male end includes the threads and an axial length of the non-threaded shank is substantially equal to an axial length of the region over which the threads extend along the male end, a combined axial length of the threaded region and the non-threaded shank of the male end being less than the outside diameter of the female end.

US Pat. No. 10,190,370

COMPOSITE WELLBORE SEAL SYSTEM WITH SENSING AND SELF-HEALING CAPABILITIES

STC.UNM, Albuquerque, NM...

1. A wellbore seal system comprising: a casing, a fiber reinforced polymer layer, and layer of polymer cement;said layers bonded together and configured to create a low permeable and ductile seal at discrete locations of the wellbore or along the wellbore;
said polymer layer is chemically bonded to said casing and inhibits the formation of a microannulus at said casing; and
said polymer layer is an aramid fiber reinforced polymer or is a glass reinforced polymer.

US Pat. No. 10,190,369

BIT INCORPORATING DUCTILE INSERTS

HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVIC...

1. A fixed-cutter drill bit comprising:a metal-matrix composite body having at least one metal-matrix composite blade; a bit blank disposed within the metal-matrix composite body;
a plurality of cutters disposed on the at least one metal-matrix composite blade; and a ductile insert partially disposed within the metal-matrix composite body and having an exposed surface,
wherein the ductile insert has a greater ductility than the metal-matrix composite body;wherein the exposed surface of the ductile insert is positioned at or proximate to at least one high-stress portion of the fixed-cutter drill bit that experiences a high tensile stress during operation.

US Pat. No. 10,190,367

SPLINE INSERT FOR A DOWNHOLE TOOL

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

5. A method, comprising:removing a first spline insert from within a recess in a body of a downhole tool having at least two expandable members configured to expand radially between retracted and expanded positions, the first spline insert including first and second wings circumferentially offset from one another with respect to a longitudinal axis of the downhole tool, the first spline insert including a first spline on the first wing engaged with a first one of the at least two expandable members a second spline on the second wing engaged with a second one of the at least two expandable members; and
inserting a second spline insert at least partially into the recess in the body, the second spline insert including at least one spline configured to engage the first one of the at least two expandable members.

US Pat. No. 10,190,358

VEHICLE SAFE AND AUTHENTICATION SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle safe authentication system, comprising:a vehicle safe;
a vehicle camera; and
a control unit programmed to receive an indication of unauthorized access, from a body controller and in response to a predefined number of attempts to access the safe being exceeded, at the vehicle safe and further programmed to activate the vehicle camera in response to the indication, wherein activation of the camera includes capturing at least one image.

US Pat. No. 10,190,356

POWER DOOR OPENING AND CLOSING DEVICE

MITSUI KINZOKU ACT CORPOR...

1. A power door opening and closing device comprising:an actuator comprising a motor for assisting an operating force to open and close a door supported by a vehicle body, and a control for driving the motor of the actuator to open and close the door,
wherein a built-in sensor comprising a magnetic ring, rotating according to opening and closing motions of the door, is disposed in the actuator, and an angular velocity sensor is disposed at a distal end of the door for detecting a motion of the distal end of the door; and
wherein when the motor of the actuator is at rest and the control determines that the door is in an intermediate position between a fully-closed position and a fully-open position, when the angular velocity sensor detects the motion of the distal end of the door in an opening direction or a closing direction, or when the built-in sensor in the actuator detects the rotation of the magnetic ring before the angular velocity sensor detects the motion of the door, the control determines that the door is being manually operated, and the control drives the motor of the actuator to open and/or close the door based on the determination of the manual operation of the door.

US Pat. No. 10,190,355

WINDOW LIFTER

1. A window regulator for a windowpane of a motor vehicle and which is framed by a window frame, the window regulator comprising:at least one guide rail having a linear guide section;
a lower guide element configured as a lever element to which the windowpane is fastened, the lower guide element being configured to be guided substantially linearly in the linear guide section in an upward and downward direction, the first lower guide element having a guide shaft to operatively connect the lower guide element to the at least one guide rail, a linkage shaft spaced apart from and parallel to the guide shaft, and a lower windowpane-fastening shaft arranged parallel to and spaced apart from the guide shaft and the linkage shaft to rotatably connect the lower guide element to the windowpane, wherein the guide shaft and the linkage shaft are arranged at a first end of the lower guide element and the lower windowpane-fastening shaft is arranged at a second end of the lower guide element;
an upper guide element having an upper windowpane-fastening shaft to rotatably connect the upper guide element to the windowpane, the upper guide element being configured to be guided substantially linearly in the linear guide section; and
a drive mechanism rotatably connected to the lower guide element via the linkage shaft such that during a forced stop of linear movement of the guide shaft, and a further drive via the drive mechanism, the lower guide element performs a pivoting movement about the linkage shaft so that the linkage shaft is pivoted upwardly and inwardly, and an end of the lower guide element and the windowpane executes a movement perpendicular to the linear guide section so that the windowpane is pressed outwardly against a circumferential seal on the window frame.

US Pat. No. 10,190,352

WINDOW REGULATOR

HI-LEX CORPORATION, Hyog...

1. A window regulator comprising:a guide rail,
a carrier plate,
a raising-side cable, and
a lowering-side cable,
wherein the carrier plate includes:
a raising-side end holder which houses an end of the raising-side cable, and
a lowering-side end holder which houses an end of the lowering-side cable, and
wherein:
the raising-side end holder is provided such that the raising-side cable is positioned outside the guide rail,
the lowering-side end holder is provided such that the lowering-side cable is positioned on or above the guide rail,
the carrier plate is configured to move up and down along an edge of the guide rail when the carrier plate moves up and down, and
the guide rail has a curved shape such that the lowering-side cable is in contact with the guide rail when the carrier plate is positioned at least near an upper end with respect to the guide rail.

US Pat. No. 10,190,350

RETRACTING DEVICE

SUGATSUNE KOGYO CO., LTD....

1. A retracting device, comprising:a base;
a moving body which can catch a trigger and relatively move from a stop position to a retracted position with respect to the base; and
a tension coil spring for relatively moving the moving body which has caught the trigger from the stop position to the retracted position with respect to the base to apply force for assisting a closing operation or an opening operation to a door or a furniture component,
wherein the tension coil spring is an initially-tensioned spring in which adjacent turns of the tension coil are closely contacted and which has initial tension in a direction in which the adjacent turns are closely contacted as the adjacent turns are pushed against each other when it is in a natural length; and
wherein a difference of a restoring force of the tension coil spring between the retracted position and the stop position is decreased.

US Pat. No. 10,190,348

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR A REFUELING REQUEST

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:applying a current having a voltage greater than a threshold voltage to an electrorheological fluid in a locking mechanism of a refueling door; and
decreasing the voltage of the current to less than the threshold voltage to gradually open the refueling door in response to a fuel tank pressure being greater than a threshold pressure upon receiving a refueling request.

US Pat. No. 10,190,344

MOTOR VEHICLE DOOR

Kiekert AG, Heiligenhaus...

1. A handleless motor vehicle lateral door, with a door panel, furthermore with a locking component linked to a motor vehicle chassis to immobilize the door panel in pre-determined angular positions with respect to the motor vehicle chassis, and with at least an actuator working on the door panel, which causes at least a gap opening of the door panel in respect of the motor vehicle chassis, wherein the actuator is connected to the locking component and directly drives it for adjustment of the door panel.

US Pat. No. 10,190,339

SECUREMENT DEVICE FOR USE IN VEHICLES

Hornady Manufacturing Com...

1. A securement device for removable mounting in a vehicle, the device including:a mounting device including a rigid mounting plate, said plate having a through aperture extending between opposite sides thereof, said mounting device further including a selectively inflatable pillow mounted on the plate and a pump connected in flow communication with the pillow through a tube and operable to effect at least partial inflation of the pillow, and a valve operable associated with at least one of the pillow, tube and pump and operable to selectively release pressurized fluid from the pillow;
an attachment device secured to the plate and being selectively rotatable relative to the plate and fixable in a selected rotated position relative to the plate, said attachment device including first and second rims with a portion of at least one of the rims extending into the aperture with the first rim having a first flange portion positioned on a first side of said plate and the second rim having a second flange portion positioned on a second side of said plate, said attachment device including means adapted to mount a firearm retainer to the securement device; and
a tether secured to at least one of the mounting device and the attachment device and operable to secure the mounting device to a portion of a vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,190,337

METHODS AND SYSTEMS OF ELECTRONIC AND MECHANICAL DUAL COMBINATION LOCKS

NANJING EASTHOUSE ELECTRI...

1. An electronic and mechanical dual combination lock, comprising:a lock base having a mechanical combination lock positioned inside of the lock base;
a spin dial for the mechanical combination lock;
a spin dial cover having an electronic combination lock positioned inside the spin dial cover, wherein the electronic combination lock comprises a battery configured to power the electronic combination lock, and an electronic keypad on the spin dial cover having a plurality of numerical keys configured to allow the user to enter one or more predetermined multiple digit combination codes for locking or unlocking the electronic combination lock; and
a spin dial release conversion mechanism having a spin dial release positioned on the top of the lock base, and configured to switch the electronic and mechanical dual combination lock between the electronic combination lock and the mechanical combination lock independently, wherein when the spin dial release is placed in a first position, the electronic and mechanical dual combination lock is engaged through a first control output connector and a second control output connector to the battery and an electronic circuit board of the electronic combination lock and disengaged to the mechanical combination lock, and when the spin dial release is placed in a second position, the electronic and mechanical dual combination lock is engaged to the mechanical combination lock and disengaged from the battery and the electronic circuit board of the electronic combination lock through the first control output connector and the second control output connector.

US Pat. No. 10,190,334

ADJUSTABLE LENGTH CABLE

Schlage Lock Company LLC,...

1. An apparatus, comprising:an inner conduit having an inner aperture;
an outer conduit having an outer aperture sized to accommodate telescopic displacement of at least a portion of the inner conduit within at least a portion of the outer aperture;
a core wire extending through the inner aperture and at least a portion of the outer aperture, a first end of the core wire extending from a first end of the outer conduit, a second end of the core wire extending from a second end of the inner conduit, one of the first and second ends of the core wire coupled to a first connector; and
a conduit locking device structured to selectively secure an axial position of the inner conduit relative to the outer conduit; and
wherein the conduit locking device is configured and positioned for secure attachment of a portion of the conduit locking device to a portion of the inner conduit that extends outside of the outer conduit.

US Pat. No. 10,190,333

RESILIENTLY MOUNTED STRIKE PLATE OF AN ELECTROMAGNETIC DOOR LOCK

Hanchett Entry Systems, I...

1. An electromagnetic lock having a strike plate that is resiliently mountable to a door, said lock comprising:a. an energizable electromagnet mountable to a door frame;
b. said strike plate includes a first through bore and an outer surface facing said energizable electromagnet, wherein said strike plate includes a cavity concentric with said first through bore; and
c. a strike plate mounting bolt assembly for resiliently mounting said strike plate to said door, said strike plate mounting bolt assembly comprising:
i. a bolt configured to be received in a second through bore in said door;
ii. a post connected to said bolt, wherein said post includes a head end and a shaft end, wherein said head end is oriented proximate said outer surface of said strike plate when said strike plate is mounted to said door; and
iii. a resilient member received between said head end of said post and said strike plate proximate the outer surface of said strike plate, wherein said resilient member is received in said cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,190,327

REINFORCING BAR BINDING MACHINE

MAX CO., LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A reinforcing bar binding machine i) which includes a binding machine main body, ii) which feeds a wire which is wound around a wire reel rotatably supported on the binding machine main body, iii) which winds the wire around reinforcing bars, and iv) which binds the reinforcing bars, the reinforcing bar binding machine comprising:a feed motor that feeds the wire which is wound around the wire reel, wherein the wire reel is rotated in accordance with feeding the wire by the feed motor;
a curl forming part that curls the wire fed by the feed motor, along a periphery of the reinforcing bars;
a twisting mechanism that binds the reinforcing bars by twisting the wire curled by the curl forming part;
a twist motor that drives the twisting mechanism; and
a brake actuating unit that is actuated by the twist motor and that stops a rotation of the wire reel by engaging with the wire reel,
wherein the twist motor starts a normal rotation when the wire is fed by a predetermined amount by the feed motor, the twisting mechanism twists the wire to complete the binding after the twisting mechanism is advanced to a predetermined position by the normal rotation of the twist motor,
the twist motor starts a reverse rotation after completing the binding, and the twisting mechanism is retracted to a stand-by position by the reverse rotation of the twist motor,
the brake actuating unit stops the rotation of the wire reel by engaging with the wire reel, i) when the twist motor starts the normal rotation and when the twisting mechanism starts to be advanced, or ii) after the twist motor starts the normal rotation and after the twisting mechanism starts to be advanced, and
the brake actuating unit releases an engagement with respect to the wire reel before the twist motor starts the reverse rotation.

US Pat. No. 10,190,326

SCAFFOLD WITH SCAFFOLD HOLDER RECEPTABLE AND USE OF AN APERTURE IN A SCAFFOLD POLE

PERI GMBH, Weissenhorn (...

1. A scaffold in the form of a facade scaffold, the scaffold comprising:an inner pole;
an outer pole; and
a transom between the inner pole and the outer pole;
wherein in a hollow pole portion the inner pole comprises a first receiving through-aperture configured for a coupling for the attachment of a scaffold holder;
wherein a maximum distance between the first receiving through-aperture and a top side of the transom is no more than 300 mm;
wherein the first receiving through-aperture either:
a) is arranged below the top side of the transom, or
b) is above the top side of the transom as a first elongated hole; and
wherein the scaffold includes the scaffold holder;
wherein the scaffold includes the coupling for the attachment of the scaffold holder and a fixing element for fastening the coupling on the pole portion;
wherein the fixing element is held captively on the coupling;
wherein the coupling is fastened on the inner pole by the fixing element engaging in the first receiving through-aperture; and
wherein the scaffold holder is fastened on the inner pole by means of the coupling, wherein the scaffold holder is engaged around and held in a clamped manner by the coupling, wherein in a first position the fixing element is insertable into the first receiving through-aperture, and in a second position the fixing element engages behind a wall of the hollow pole portion on two oppositely situated sides of the first receiving through-aperture, wherein the coupling includes a basic body, and wherein the fixing element is arranged non-rotatably on the basic body, wherein the fixing element is a projection with a neck and two holding portions which are located opposite one another with reference to the neck and project laterally beyond the neck, wherein a blocking element is arranged on the hollow pole portion of the inner pole, and wherein the blocking element and the basic body holds the fixing element in the second position, wherein the blocking element is the transom or a transom receptacle which is arranged on the hollow pole portion of the inner pole, or in the form of a rosette or a rosette part, wherein the basic body and the blocking element are positioned in a manner on the hollow pole portion of the inner pole that in transferring the fixing element from the second position into the first position, an elastic resistance between the blocking element and the basic body has to be overcome.

US Pat. No. 10,190,325

CARGO FLOOR BRACE TOOL

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A brace tool comprising:a rigid frame, the frame having a top and a bottom on an opposite side of the frame from the top;
a shaft secured to the top of the frame, the shaft having an exterior surface;
a first suction cup and a second suction cup secured to the bottom of the frame;
a platform having a top brace surface and an opposite bottom surface, the top brace surface having a length dimension and a width dimension, and the top brace surface being configured to be engaged against by a person using the brace tool with the person supporting themselves on the top brace surface when the first suction cup and the second suction cup are secured to a separate surface;
a first support block secured to the bottom surface of the platform, the first support block having surfaces that engage around the exterior surface of the shaft and thereby mount the platform to the shaft with the length dimension of the top brace surface extending along the shaft, engagement of the surfaces of the first support block around the exterior surface of the shaft being adjustable between the surfaces of the first support block engaging loosely against the exterior surface of the shaft enabling the platform to be adjustably positioned relative to the frame by moving the platform around the shaft, and the surfaces of the first support block being firmly secured around the exterior surface of the shaft whereby the platform is firmly secured at a desired orientation relative to the frame;
a second support block secured to the bottom surface of the platform, the second support block having surfaces that engage around the exterior surface of the shaft and thereby mount the platform to the shaft with the length dimension of the top brace surface extending along the shaft, engagement of the surfaces of the second support block around the exterior surface of the shaft being adjustable between the surfaces of the second support block engaging loosely against the exterior surface of the shaft enabling the platform to be adjustably positioned relative to the frame by moving the platform around the shaft, and the surfaces of the second support block being firmly secured around the exterior surface of the shaft whereby the platform is firmly secured at a desired orientation relative to the frame; and,
the frame being one of two frames having same constructions, the two frames being mounted to the platform at opposite ends of the platform.

US Pat. No. 10,190,323

FLOOR PANEL

FLOORING INDUSTRIES LIMIT...

1. A floor panel comprising:a substrate;
a top layer located above the substrate; and
a backing layer located below the substrate;
wherein the substrate includes a closed cell foamed PVC board having a density of more than 650 kilograms per cubic meter;
wherein the substrate has a thickness of 2 to 10 millimeters;
wherein the substrate forms at least half of the thickness of the floor panel;
wherein the top layer includes a back layer, a printed synthetic film located above the back layer, a transparent or translucent thermoplastic layer located above the printed synthetic film and a lacquer layer located above the transparent or translucent thermoplastic layer;
wherein the back layer includes PVC with plasticizers and fillers;
wherein the transparent or translucent thermoplastic layer includes PVC;
wherein the transparent or translucent thermoplastic layer has a thickness of 1 millimeter or less;
wherein the top layer has a thickness of 0.5 to 3 millimeters;
wherein the floor panel has a thickness of 0.5 to 15 millimeters;
wherein the floor panel is rectangular and oblong and includes a pair of long edges and a pair of short edges;
wherein the floor panel includes first mechanical coupling parts at the pair of long edges and second mechanical coupling parts at the pair of short edges;
wherein the first mechanical coupling parts are arranged for horizontal and vertical locking of two of such floor panels using a turning movement along the respective long edges;
wherein the first mechanical coupling parts include a tongue and a groove;
wherein the tongue and the groove are substantially responsible for the vertical locking;
wherein the tongue and the groove include locking parts substantially responsible for the horizontal locking;
wherein the first mechanical coupling parts are substantially realized in the substrate;
wherein the second mechanical coupling parts comprise a male coupling part and a female coupling part arranged for horizontal and vertical locking of two of such floor panels using a downward movement along the respective short edges;
wherein the downward movement is automatically created by the turning movement along the respective long edges;
wherein the second mechanical coupling parts are substantially realized in the substrate; and
wherein the floor panel has a length of more than 110 centimeters.

US Pat. No. 10,190,300

TWO-WAY ADJUSTABLE TOILET FLAPPER VALVE AND ASSEMBLY

Lavelle Industries, Inc.,...

1. A flapper for use with a toilet flush valve, the flush valve comprising a main flush valve orifice and seat, the flapper comprising:a flapper top, the flapper top comprising:
a captive portion, the captive portion comprising:
a first groove; and
a polarizing tab defined within the first groove; and
a peripheral flange extending inwardly about a periphery of the flapper top;
a cone, the cone comprising:
a top and a bottom;
a polarizing recess disposed within a rearward portion of an upper cone edge, wherein the polarizing recess receives the polarizing tab of the flapper top such that the cone is non-rotatable and stationary relative to the flapper top;
a front aperture disposed at an upper cone wall; and
a bottom aperture disposed in the bottom of the cone, wherein:
the bottom aperture has an internal radius and an external radius; and
the bottom aperture is disposed at a location offset from the center of the bottom of the cone and at a rearward facing portion of the bottom of the cone, such that the bottom aperture is disposed opposite the front aperture;
a vent band disposed toward the top of the cone, wherein:
the vent band is attached to the top of the cone such that the vent band is rotatable relative to the cone and to the flapper top; and
the vent band includes a plurality of support ribs extending radially outwardly therefrom; and
a snap-fit cup-like adjuster coupled to the bottom of the cone at a flanged finger extending downwardly from the cone wall such that the adjuster is rotatable relative to the cone and to the flapper top via at least one integrally-formed tactile member extending downwardly from a bottom surface of the adjuster, wherein:
the snap-fit cup-like adjuster further comprises a plurality of variably sized apertures defined in a bottom portion of the adjuster; and
each aperture of the plurality of apertures has an internal radius and an external radius.

US Pat. No. 10,190,273

MANHOLE GUARD AND ATTACHABLE HOIST DEVICE

1. A manhole guard comprising:a plurality of sections connected for movement, the sections including a center section, a first wing, and a second wing, wherein the center section comprises a first post and a second post, the first wing comprises a first wing post connected to the first post by at least one first wing rail, and the second wing comprises a second wing post connected to the second post by at least one second wing rail;
a first arm connected to the center section and capable of locking the first wing into a fixed position relative to the center section; and
a second arm connected to the center section and capable of locking the second wing into a fixed position relative to the center section;
wherein the first arm and the second arm operate independently of each other;
wherein at least one of the first arm or the second arm comprises a spring-loaded latch mechanism configured to accept either the first wing or the second wing;
wherein the first wing post is connected to the first post by at least an upper first wing rail and a lower first wing rail, and the second wing post is connected to the second post by at least an upper second wing rail and a lower second wing rail, and wherein the manhole guard further comprises:
a first mounting bracket connected to the first wing, and a second mounting bracket connected to the second wing;
the first mounting bracket having a first top recess, a first middle recess, and a first lower recess, wherein the first lower recess is configured to accept the first lower wing rail in an interference fit, and the first middle recess is configured to accept the first upper wing rail in an interference fit; and
the second mounting bracket having a second top recess, a second middle recess, and a second lower recess, wherein the second lower recess is configured to accept the second lower wing rail in an interference fit, and the second middle recess is configured to accept the second upper wing rail in an interference fit.

US Pat. No. 10,190,272

VEHICLE DISTANCE ADVISE SYSTEMS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle distance advise system, comprising:a first housing section including a first reflective strip and a first warning device connected to the first reflective strip; and
a second housing section removably connected to the first housing section and including a second reflective strip and a second warning device connected to the second reflective strip.

US Pat. No. 10,190,271

ADJUSTABLE MODULES FOR VARIABLE DEPTH STRUCTURES

University of Notre Dame ...

1. A structural plane for forming a variable depth structure having a first end and a second end comprising:a plurality of adjustable modules, each module comprising:
a first link with a first end and a second end;
a second link with a first end and a second end operably connected to the first end of the first link with an upper revolute joint;
a third link with a first end and a second end operably connected to the first end of the second link with a first lateral revolute joint;
a fourth link with a first end and a second end operably connected to the first end of the third link with a lower revolute joint and operably connected to the first link at a second lateral revolute joint;
an upper chord connecting the upper revolute joint of one of the plurality of adjustable modules to the upper revolute of an adjacent one of the plurality of adjustable modules;
a lower chord connecting the lower revolute joint of the one of the plurality of adjustable modules to the lower revolute of the adjacent one of the plurality of adjustable modules;
wherein the second lateral revolute joint of the one of the plurality of adjustable modules is operably connected to the first lateral revolute joint of the adjacent one of the plurality of adjustable modules;
wherein the first and second ends of the structural plane are restrained;
wherein the first lateral revolute joint of one of the plurality of adjustable modules nearest a first end of the structural plane is a first ultimate lateral revolute joint;
wherein the second lateral revolute joint of one of the plurality of adjustable modules nearest a second end of the structural plane is a second ultimate revolute joint; and
wherein the first end is operably connected to the first ultimate lateral revolute joint, and the second end is operably connected to the second ultimate lateral revolute joint.

US Pat. No. 10,190,268

CONCRETE SCREEDING SYSTEM WITH BOOM MOUNTED SCREED HEAD

SOMERO ENTERPRISES, INC.,...

1. A concrete screeding device for screeding uncured concrete placed at a support surface, said concrete screeding device comprising:a screed head comprising a grade setting device and a vibrating member;
an extendable and retractable boom, wherein a base end of said boom is attached at a base structure and said screed head is supportable at a distal end of said boom; and
wherein said boom is extendable so as to position said screed head at a distance of at least 20 feet from the base structure, and wherein the screed head is movable between its extended location and the base structure to screed the concrete placed at the support surface.

US Pat. No. 10,190,265

COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR PELLETIZED RECYCLED ASPHALT SHINGLES

1. An asphalt pavement comprising:a first stage mix comprising:
recycled asphalt shingles material; and
a softening agent; wherein the softening agent is selected from the group consisting of biofuels, bio-oils, and combinations thereof;
a second stage mix comprising:
virgin recycled asphalt shingles material;
hydrated lime; and,
a water-resistant modified lignin sulfate binder; and
a performance grade neat asphalt,wherein the performance grade neat asphalt is combined with a combination of the second stage mix with the first stage mix.

US Pat. No. 10,190,251

LAUNDRY TREATING APPARATUS HAVING A DETERGENT SUPPLY MODULE

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A front-loading laundry treating apparatus, comprising:a cabinet provided with a laundry introduction port for introduction of laundry;
a tub arranged in the cabinet to provide a space to store washing water, wherein the tub communicates with the introduction port;
a detergent supply module positioned under the laundry introduction port and adjacent to a periphery of the laundry introduction port to supply a detergent to the tub, wherein the detergent supply module is detachably provided to the cabinet; and
a water supply channel arranged to connect a water supply source to the tub, wherein the detergent supply module is provided in a space defined between the tub and a door configured to open the introduction port.

US Pat. No. 10,190,250

DRIVING APPARATUS FOR WASHING MACHINE

NEW MOTECH CO., LTD., Gw...

1. A driving apparatus for a washing machine, comprising:a clutch housing comprising a washing shaft and a dewatering shaft penetrating the inside;
an annular clutch holder installed in the lower part of the clutch housing;
a clutch lever hinge-coupled to the clutch holder, including an upper rotation part and a coupler receiving part;
a driving lever having a lever arm interlocking with the upper rotation part of the clutch lever;
a clutch coupler laid on the upper part of the coupler receiving part performing up and down spline movement by the coupler receiving part;
a motor assembly coupled to the lower part of the clutch holder, comprising a stator assembly and a rotor assembly; and
a waterproof cover covering the upper part of the motor assembly;
wherein the waterproof cover comprises a cavity formed in the inside, and at least one coupling protrusion formed being protruded towards the inside of the cavity,
wherein at least one waterproof cover coupling hole is formed in the clutch holder so that the waterproof cover is coupled to the lower part of the clutch housing by coupling the coupling protrusion with the waterproof cover coupling hole.

US Pat. No. 10,190,248

SYSTEM FOR MONITORING RESTORATION QUALITY TO A THIRD PARTY CERTIFIED STANDARD OF SOFT OBJECTS BEING WASHED REMOTELY

1. A remote monitoring system comprising:a volume of consumables independently pre-certified to clean and restore an item to a pre-determined certification standard of cleanliness;
at least one washing machine for washing wash items;
at least one container configured to hold the volume of the consumables, the at least one container being removably couplable to the at least one washing machine and configured to provide a portion of the volume of the consumables to the washing machine during a washing cycle;
a wash processor comprising a tracking mechanism configured to track wash environment data, wherein the wash processor is adapted to communicate over the internet;
at least one container identifier associated with the at least one container for identifying a characteristic of the consumables;
an administrator processor, remote from said at least one washing machine, adapted to communicate over the internet with each said wash processor and to receive data from each said wash processor on a repeating, short-time interval, the administrator processor configured to, for each of the at least one washing machine, track the portion of the volume of the consumables used by the washing machine, track the level of the volume of the consumables in the at least one container, and when the stored volume of the consumables decreases below a pre-determined refill threshold in the at least one container automatically begin resupply procedures to provide additional consumables to the system.

US Pat. No. 10,190,245

CATHEDRAL WINDOW QUILT KIT

1. A cathedral window quilt kit comprising:a transparent template having a top side, a bottom side, a north side, a south side, an east side, a west side, a northeast corner, a northwest corner, a southwest corner, a southeast corner, a center, an L-shaped ruler, a plurality of cut lines, a plurality of first holes, and a plurality of second holes, wherein a circumference of each of the plurality of second holes is less than a circumference of each of the plurality of first holes;
wherein the L-shaped ruler has a plurality of demarcations disposed within the top side of the transparent template;
wherein the plurality of cut lines is disposed from the top side of the transparent template to the bottom side thereof, and each of the plurality of cut lines is a color;
wherein a first four of the plurality of cut lines are disposed in a first square shape proximal the northwest corner of the transparent template, wherein the first four cut lines are configured to make a quilt window frame;
wherein a second four of the plurality of cut lines are disposed in a second square shape proximal the southwest corner of the transparent template, wherein the second square shape is smaller than the first square shape, wherein the second four cut lines are configured to make a quilt window pane;
wherein the remainder of the plurality of cut lines is disposed proximal the southeast corner of the transparent template, wherein the remainder of the plurality of cut lines is configured to make a quilt trim;
wherein the plurality of first holes is disposed from the top side of the transparent template to the bottom side thereof, and the plurality of first holes is disposed in a square grid pattern, wherein the plurality of first holes is configured to mark a fabric to ensure precision of the quilt window frame;
wherein the plurality of second holes is disposed from the top side of the transparent template to the bottom side thereof proximal the center of the transparent template, and the plurality of second holes is disposed in a first line from the southwest corner of the transparent template to the northeast corner thereof or a second line from the southeast corner of the transparent template to the northwest corner thereof, wherein the plurality of second holes is configured to mark a fabric to create a miniature quilt window for a scrapbook or a piece of jewelry;
a plurality of silk pins;
a plurality of T-pins;
a cut-and-press pad;
a rotary cutter;
a snap wrist ruler;
a friction marker; and
a case with a plurality of indentations, wherein one of the transparent template, the plurality of silk pins, the plurality of T-pins, the cut-and-press pad, the rotary cutter, the snap wrist ruler, and the friction marker is selectively receivable within one of the plurality of indentations.

US Pat. No. 10,190,241

LINKING DEVICE AND MACHINE COMPRISING SAID DEVICE

1. A linking device comprising:a first bowed needle mounted on a first shaft;
a second bowed needle mounted on a second shaft; wherein the first shaft and the second shaft are mutually inclined to each other and are controlled in order to pivot reciprocatingly around a pivoting axis of the first shaft and a pivoting axis of the second shaft, respectively;wherein: the first shaft is rigidly coupled to a first pin pivoting therewith; the second shaft is rigidly coupled to a second pin pivoting therewith; and a slider is slidingly mounted on the first pin and on the second pin.

US Pat. No. 10,190,240

WOVEN PREFORM, COMPOSITE, AND METHOD OF MAKING THEREOF

Albany Engineered Composi...

1. A method of forming a three dimensional woven preform, the method comprising the steps of:weaving a warp steered fabric having weft fibers and warp fibers that is curved in an X-Y plane; and
laying one or more layers of said warp steered fabric to form a predetermined shape,
wherein a first portion of the warp steered fabric including warp fibers which are elongatable fibers or discontinuous tows: a second portion of the warp steered fabric including warp fibers which are not stretch broken carbon fibers, and a third portion of the warp steered fabric including fibers which are elongatable fibers or discontinuous tows;
forming the steered fabric to cause the elongatable fibers or discontinuous tows in the first portion to elongate in a circumferential direction of the X-Y plane to form a joggle of a body portion of the perform, and causing the third portion of the steered fabric to curve and form an upstanding leg in Z direction, the body portion of the preform comprising the first portion and the second portion of the warp steered fabric.

US Pat. No. 10,190,234

CONTINUOUS SYSTEM FOR FABRICATING MULTILAYER HETEROSTRUCTURES VIA HYDRIDE VAPOR PHASE EPITAXY

Wisconsin Alumni Research...

1. A system for fabricating multilayer heterostructures via hydride vapor phase epitaxy (HVPE), the system comprising:a deposition assembly comprising:
a plurality of deposition chambers and a plurality of separation chambers mounted together, each separation chamber having two opposing ends, each end mounted to a deposition chamber of the plurality of deposition chambers and in fluid communication with the deposition chamber via a fluid pathway, wherein each deposition chamber of the plurality of deposition chambers defines a deposition zone having a height hd, each separation chamber defines a separation zone having a height hs and a length ls, and each fluid pathway has a height hfp, wherein hfp, hs and ls are selected to provide a predetermined interfacial transition region value between different material layers of a multilayer heterostructure; and
a moveable belt configured to continuously convey a substrate mounted thereon through the plurality of deposition chambers and the plurality of separation chambers; and
a gas delivery assembly configured to deliver reactant gas mixtures to the deposition assembly for deposition on the substrate via HVPE.

US Pat. No. 10,190,233

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PRODUCING A GROUP 13 ELEMENT NITRIDE CRYSTAL USING A SHIELDING OBJECT

NGK INSULATORS, LTD., Ai...

1. A method of producing a crystal of a nitride of a group 13 element, said method comprising:placing a group 13 element source, a flux comprising at least one of an alkali metal and an alkaline earth metal, and an additive being liquid at an ambient temperature in a crystal growing vessel; and
heating and pressurizing said crystal growing vessel under a nitrogen atom-containing gas atmosphere to form a melt containing said group 13 element source, said flux and said additive,
wherein evaporation of said additive is prevented by a shielding object consisting essentially of said flux until said flux is melted and then said crystal of said nitride of said group 13 element is grown in said melt,
wherein said additive is hydrocarbon or a dopant of said crystal;
wherein said additive is contained in a container; and
wherein the whole of said container is composed of said shielding object and is dissolved into said melt, or wherein said container comprises a main body having a storage part storing said additive and a lid composed of said shielding object, and said lid is dissolved into said melt and said main body is left in said melt.

US Pat. No. 10,190,232

APPARATUSES AND METHODS FOR MAINTAINING PH IN NICKEL ELECTROPLATING BATHS

Lam Research Corporation,...

1. An electroplating system for electroplating nickel onto a semiconductor substrate comprising:an electroplating cell configured to hold an electrolyte solution during electroplating, the electroplating cell comprising:
(a) a cathode chamber;
(b) an anode chamber configured to hold a soluble nickel anode during electroplating;
(c) the soluble nickel anode positioned in the anode chamber, wherein the soluble nickel anode is configured to generate nickel ions during electroplating;
(d) a porous separator between the anode chamber and the cathode chamber permitting passage of ionic current during electroplating, but inhibiting the passage of electrolyte solution; and
(e) a semiconductor substrate holder for holding the semiconductor substrate during electroplating; and
an oxygen removal device arranged to reduce oxygen concentration in the electrolyte solution as it is flowed to the anode chamber during electroplating and during idle times when the system is not electroplating; and
a pH meter configured to measure the pH of the electrolyte solution and logic for operating the oxygen removal device in response to values output by the pH meter.

US Pat. No. 10,190,231

NI-PLATED STEEL SHEET, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING NI-PLATED STEEL SHEET

1. A Ni-plated steel sheet, comprising:a steel sheet;
a first Ni-plated layer which is formed at least on a one-sided surface of the steel sheet and contains Ni; and
a second Ni-plated layer which is formed on the first Ni-plated layer and contains Ni, wherein an average central-line roughness Ra at an interface between the first Ni-plated layer and the second Ni-plated layer is less than 0.1 ?m,
an average central-line roughness Ra of a surface of the second Ni-plated layer is 0.1 ?m to 100 ?m, and
a coating amount of Ni in an entirety of the first Ni-plated layer and the second Ni-plated layer is 20 mg/m2 to 2500 mg/m2 per one-sided surface in terms of metal Ni.

US Pat. No. 10,190,228

COPPER ELECTROPLATING BATHS AND ELECTROPLATING METHODS CAPABLE OF ELECTROPLATING MEGASIZED PHOTORESIST DEFINED FEATURES

Rohm and Haas Electronic ...

1. A method comprising:a) providing a substrate comprising a layer of photoresist, wherein the layer of photoresist comprises a plurality of apertures;
b) providing a copper electroplating bath comprising one or more sources of copper ions, one or more electrolytes, wherein the electrolytes comprise an acid or a mixture of acids and, optionally, a source of halide ions; one or more accelerators; one or more suppressors; one or more first reaction products consisting of a bisepoxide and an aromatic amino acid compound having a formula:

wherein R1 and R2 are independently chosen from hydrogen, —NH2 and —OH; E is nitrogen or CR3; G is nitrogen or CR4 and Z is nitrogen or CR5 with the proviso that only one of E, G and Z is a nitrogen at the same time and R3, R4 and R5 are independently chosen from hydrogen, —NH2 and —OH with the proviso that at least one of R1, R2, R3, R4 and R5 is —NH2; and one or more second reaction products consisting of an imidazole with an epoxide;
c) immersing the substrate comprising the layer of photoresist with the plurality of apertures in the copper electroplating bath; and
d) electroplating a plurality of copper photoresist defined megapillars in the plurality of apertures, wherein the megapillars have aspect ratios of 3:1 to 1:1, and the plurality of copper photoresist defined megapillars comprise an average % TIR of ?5% to +15%.

US Pat. No. 10,190,223

GAS GENERATOR

1. A gas generator, comprising:an electrolytic cell, containing an electrolyzed water including an electrolyte, wherein the electrolytic cell is used for electrolyzing the electrolyzed water to generate a gas with hydrogen, and the electrolytic cell has an outlet for outputting the gas with hydrogen; and
a water-blocking device, configured on the outlet, wherein the water-blocking device is used for preventing the electrolyzed water from flowing out of the electrolytic cell when the electrolytic cell is tilted by a tilt angle.

US Pat. No. 10,190,220

FUNCTIONAL BASED REPAIR OF SUPERALLOY COMPONENTS

Siemens Energy, Inc., Or...

1. A method comprising:simultaneously melting powdered alloy material and powdered flux material on a surface of an original superalloy material to form a melt pool comprising a layer of slag covering an additive superalloy material;
cooling and solidifying the melt pool; and
removing the layer of slag to reveal a surface of the additive superalloy material;
wherein the steps of melting and cooling and solidifying are performed such that the additive superalloy material has a property that is different from a counterpart property of the original superalloy material.

US Pat. No. 10,190,217

PLASMA FILM-FORMING METHOD AND PLASMA FILM-FORMING APPARATUS

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

1. A plasma film-forming method comprising:placing a workpiece within a chamber;
supplying a film-forming gas into the chamber;
generating plasma within the chamber; and
exciting the film-forming gas by the plasma to form a predetermined film on the workpiece,
wherein helium gas is supplied as a plasma generating gas into the chamber together with the film-forming gas to generate plasma containing the helium gas in the chamber, and
wherein a partial pressure ratio of the film-forming gas to the helium gas is in a range of 0.15 to 2.5.

US Pat. No. 10,190,216

SHOWERHEAD TILT MECHANISM

LAM RESEARCH CORPORATION,...

1. A semiconductor substrate processing apparatus for processing semiconductor substrates comprising:a chemical isolation chamber in which individual semiconductor substrates are processed, the chemical isolation chamber including a top plate forming an upper wall of the chemical isolation chamber;
a process gas source in fluid communication with the chemical isolation chamber for supplying at least one process gas into the chemical isolation chamber;
a showerhead module which delivers the process gas from the process gas source to a processing zone of the processing apparatus wherein the individual semiconductor substrates are processed, the showerhead module including a base attached to a lower end of a stem wherein a faceplate having gas passages therethrough forms a lower surface of the base and the stem extends through a vertically extending bore in the top plate;
a substrate pedestal module configured to support the semiconductor substrate in the processing zone below the faceplate during processing of the substrate;
a bellows assembly supporting the showerhead module, the bellows assembly including a collar, a bellows and a leveling plate, the collar having a central opening aligned with the bore in the top plate, the bellows surrounding the central opening in the collar and having a lower end attached to an upper surface of the collar and an upper end attached to a lower surface of the leveling plate, the leveling plate having a central opening aligned with the bore in the top plate;
at least one showerhead tilt adjustment mechanism operable to adjust tilting of the faceplate of the showerhead module with respect to an upper surface of the substrate pedestal module adjacent the faceplate, wherein the showerhead tilt adjustment mechanism comprises a lock screw, a hollow screw, a lock plate, and a lock nut, the hollow screw having a first threaded section on an outer surface thereof and a second threaded section on the outer surface, the first threaded section having a thread pitch which is different than a thread pitch of the second threaded section, the first threaded section engaged with an internally threaded bore of the leveling plate, the second threaded section engaged with an internal thread of the lock nut, the lock screw having a lower external threaded section engaged with a threaded bore in the collar and an upper screw head engaging a shoulder of an upper socket in the hollow screw, and the lock plate movable from a first position at which the lock nut rotates with the hollow screw to a second position at which the lock nut cannot rotate, the showerhead tilt adjustment mechanism providing coarse adjustment when the lock plate is in the first position and fine adjustment when the lock plate is in the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,190,214

DEPOSITION APPARATUS AND DEPOSITION SYSTEM HAVING THE SAME

ASM IP Holding B.V., Alm...

1. A deposition apparatus comprising:a substrate support having a main surface on which a substrate is placed;
a body disposed on the main surface of the substrate support and comprising a hollow portion having an exposed upper portion;
a plasma electrode unit provided at an inner circumferential surface of the body and defining an upper space and a lower space of the hollow portion, the upper space being filled with an external gas; and
a gas supply unit supplying process gas to the plasma electrode unit,
wherein the body defines a gas exhaust channel therein, the gas exhaust channel extending from the lower space to an exhaust outlet provided at a top of the body, and
wherein the body defines at least one groove therein that is formed on the bottom surface of the body, and the at least one groove is configured to connect an outer region of the body and the gas exhaust channel.

US Pat. No. 10,190,213

DEPOSITION OF METAL BORIDES

ASM IP Holding B.V., Alm...

1. A method of forming a film having a metal boride comprising:providing a substrate for processing in a reaction chamber;
performing a metal precursor deposition onto the substrate, the performing the metal precursor deposition step comprises:
pulsing a metal precursor onto the substrate; and
purging an excess of the metal precursor from the reaction chamber; and
performing a decaborane precursor deposition onto the substrate, the performing the decaborane precursor deposition step comprises:
pulsing a decaborane precursor onto the substrate, wherein prior to entering into the reaction chamber, the decaborane precursor is kept at a temperature not exceeding 65° C.; and
purging an excess of the decaborane precursor from the reaction chamber;
wherein the metal precursor comprises one of: titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4), niobium pentachloride (NbCl5), tantalum pentafluoride (TaF5), and niobium pentafluoride (NbF5) and wherein prior to entering the reaction chamber, the metal halide is kept at temperature ranging between 50° C. and 120° C.;
wherein a reaction between the metal halide precursor and the decaborane precursor forms a film comprising at least one of: titanium boride (TiB), tantalum boride (TaB), or niobium boride (NbB);
wherein the metal precursor deposition step is repeated a predetermined number of times; and
wherein the decaborane precursor deposition step is repeated a predetermined number of times.

US Pat. No. 10,190,212

BROMINE-SENSITIZED SOLAR PHOTOLYSIS OF CARBON DIOXIDE

1. A composition of matter comprising a chemical compound of the formula C2O4Br4.

US Pat. No. 10,190,210

NEAR-FIELD TRANSDUCER HAVING AT LEAST ONE SECONDARY ATOM

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. A device having an air bearing surface (ABS), the device comprising:a near field transducer, the near field transducer comprising a peg and a disc, the peg having a region adjacent the ABS, the peg comprising:
a plasmonic material selected from gold (Au), silver (Ag), copper (Cu), ruthenium (Ru), rhodium (Rh), aluminum (Al), or combinations thereof; and
at least one other secondary atom selected from germanium (Ge), tellurium (Te), aluminum (Al), antimony (Sb), tin (Sn), mercury (Hg), indium (In), zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), silver (Ag), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), and combinations thereof, the concentration of the at least one secondary atom being not less than 0.001 at % and not greater than 30 at % in the peg.

US Pat. No. 10,190,209

PVD APPARATUS AND METHOD WITH DEPOSITION CHAMBER HAVING MULTIPLE TARGETS AND MAGNETS

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A system comprising:a deposition chamber with a target arrangement including a plurality of target assemblies therein, each said target assembly including a target member and at least one magnet having a north pole and a south pole oriented in a plane parallel to a surface of said target member, wherein each of the at least one magnets is an annular magnet having said north pole concentrically positioned within said south pole, each said target assembly having a separately controllable power source.

US Pat. No. 10,190,206

DUAL PHASE MAGNETIC MATERIAL COMPONENT AND METHOD OF FORMING

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A method of preparing a magnetic component, comprising:mechanically masking pre-selected sections of a surface portion of the component, using a nitrogen stop-off material to form a masked region in the component; and
heat-treating the component in a nitrogen-rich atmosphere at a temperature greater than about 900° C. to form intermixed first and second regions in the magnetic alloy, wherein
(a) the first region comprises a magnetic phase;
(b) the second region comprises a non-magnetic phase;
(c) a concentration of carbon in both the first and second regions is zero or less than about 0.05 weight %; and
(d) the second region comprises greater than about 0.1% of nitrogen.

US Pat. No. 10,190,195

ALLOY POWDER FOR OVERLAY WELDING, AND WELD OVERLAY ALLOY MEMBER AND ENGINE VALVE OBTAINED USING THE SAME

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An alloy powder for overlay welding, which is used for performing overlay welding on a surface of steel containing nitrogen, whereinthe alloy powder consists of 30% to 45% by mass of Mo, 10% to 20% by mass of Ni, 0.2% to 0.6% by mass of C, and greater than 1.0% to 2.0% by mass of Al, with the balance made up of incidental impurities and Co.

US Pat. No. 10,190,191

PRODUCING A TITANIUM PRODUCT

University of Utah Resear...

1. A method for producing a titanium product, comprising:obtaining TiO2-slag;
producing the titanium product from the TiO2-slag using a metallic reducing agent at a moderate temperature under a hydrogen atmosphere at a pressure to directly produce the titanium product chemically separated from metal impurities in the TiO2-slag, wherein the titanium product comprises TiH2 and optionally elemental titanium;
removing the metal impurities from the titanium product to form a purified titanium product; and
deoxygenating the titanium product at a higher temperature above the moderate temperature and under hydrogen atmosphere using a second reducing agent which is stronger than the metallic reducing agent to produce a particulate titanium product, coarsening the particulate titanium product to a target particle size range, and cooling the particulate titanium product under a hydrogen atmosphere.

US Pat. No. 10,190,189

SCANDIUM RECOVERY PROCESS

SUMITOMO METAL MINING CO....

1. A method of recovering scandium, comprising:a washing step of washing a mixture containing scandium hydroxide, scandium oxide and/or scandium carbonate and manganese hydroxide, manganese oxide and/or manganese carbonate; and
a dissolution step of dissolving a post-washing sediment containing a scandium compound obtained after washing in the washing step in an acid to leach the scandium in the post-washing sediment into the acid solution, and thereby obtaining a scandium solution and a dissolution residue,
wherein the washing step comprises a step of washing the mixture with water until the pH of a post-washing liquid obtained after washing in the washing step becomes 6 or more.

US Pat. No. 10,190,187

MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR VERY HIGH-STRENGTH, COLD-ROLLED, DUAL-PHASE STEEL SHEETS

ARCELORMITTAL, Luxembour...

1. A manufacturing method for a cold-rolled and annealed Dual-Phase steel sheet, comprising the steps of:supplying a steel sheet having a composition comprising:
0.055%?C?0.095%;
2%?Mn?2.6%;
0.005%?Si?0.35%;
S?0.005%;
P?0.050
0.1?Al?0.3%;
0.05%?Mo?0.25%;
0.2%?Cr?0.5%;
Cr+2Mo?0.6%;
Ni?0.1%;
0.010?Nb?0.040%;
0.010?Ti?0.050%;
0.0005?B?0.0025% and
0.002%?N?0.007%,
a remainder of the composition comprising iron and the inevitable impurities resulting from smelting;
casting the steel sheet as a semi-finished product;
bringing the semi-finished product to a temperature TR in which 1150° C. ?TR?1250° C.;
hot-rolling the semi-finished product with an end-of-rolling temperature TFL ?Ar3 to obtain a hot-rolled product;
coiling the hot-rolled product at a temperature Tbob in which 500° C. ?Tbob ?570° C.;
descaling the hot-rolled product;
cold-rolling with a reduction from 30 to 80% to obtain a cold-rolled product;
heating the cold-rolled product at a rate 1° C./s?Vc ?5° C/s to an annealing temperature TM in which Ac1+40° C. ?TM ?Ac3-30° C. at which the product is held for a time 30s?tM?300s so as to obtain a heated and annealed product with a structure comprising austenite and a non-recrystallized ferrite fraction less than or equal to 15%;
cooling the product to a temperature less than a temperature Ms at a rate V high enough for all of the austenite to transform to martensite;
the steel sheet having a tensile strength between 980 and 1100 MPA and a microstructure consisting of 40 to 65% ferrite, 35 to 50% martensite and 0 to 10% bainite.

US Pat. No. 10,190,185

HARDENING METHOD OF ANNULAR WORKPIECE

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. A hardening method for an annular workpiece made of metal, comprising:a heating process that heats the annular workpiece to a hardening temperature;
an analyzing process that obtains a diameter of the annular workpiece heated to the hardening temperature, and divides the heated annular workpiece into at least a small diameter portion and a large diameter portion based on the obtained diameter; and
a cooling process that injects cooling liquid under an injection condition toward the annular workpiece that has been divided into at least the large diameter portion and the small diameter portion in the analyzing process such that a dimensional difference between the large diameter portion and the small diameter portion decreases, the injection condition for the large diameter portion being different from the injection condition for the small diameter portion, wherein
in the cooling process, the injection condition of the cooling liquid is adjusted by changing at least one of an injection quantity of the cooling liquid per unit time, an injection start timing of the cooling liquid, and an injection angle of the cooling liquid; and
the division of the large diameter portion and the small diameter portion is made through either process A or process B:
Process A:
determining a virtual center of the heated workpiece;
measuring each position in a circumferential direction of an outer periphery or an inner periphery of the heated workpiece;
obtaining a distance between the virtual center and each position in the circumferential direction of the outer periphery or the inner periphery of the workpiece;
converting the obtained distance into a coordinate data in a XY coordinates with the virtual center as an origin;
approximating the coordinate data by a method of least squares and calculating a circle which approximates an outer peripheral shape or an inner peripheral shape of the workpiece;
calculating a distance from a central coordinate of the approximate circle to each of the positions in the circumferential direction of the outer periphery or the inner periphery of the workpiece as a radius of each of the positions in the circumferential direction of the outer periphery or the inner periphery of the workpiece;
calculating a reference radius which divides the large diameter portion from the small diameter portion based on a first radius of a first virtual circle and a second radius of a second virtual circle, the first virtual circle being a circle which is centered around the central coordinate and in which a maximum value among the radii at the positions in the circumferential direction of the outer periphery or the inner periphery of the workpiece obtained is taken as a radius of the first virtual circle, the second virtual circle being a circle which is centered around the central coordinate and in which a minimum value among the radii at the positions in the circumferential direction of the outer periphery or the inner periphery of the workpiece obtained is taken as a radius of the second virtual circle;
calculating an average of the radius of the first virtual circle and the radius of the second virtual circle as a reference radius;
virtually dividing the work piece into a plurality of workpiece fragments such that central angles of the workpiece fragments in the circumferential direction of the first virtual circle or the second virtual circle are equal;
calculating an average value of the radii of the positions in the circumferential direction of the outer periphery or the inner periphery of the workpiece for each of the workpiece fragments;
dividing a workpiece fragment of which the average value of the radii is greater than the reference radius as a large diameter portion and dividing a workpiece fragment of which the average value of the radii is smaller than or equal to the reference radius as a small diameter portion;
Process B:
determining a virtual center of the heated workpiece;
measuring each portion in a circumferential direction of an outer periphery or an inner periphery of the heated workpiece;
obtaining a distance between the virtual center and each position in the circumferential direction of the outer periphery or the inner periphery of the workpiece; converting the obtained distance into a coordinate data in a XY coordinates with the virtual center as an origin;
approximating the coordinate data by a method of least squares and calculating a circle which approximates an outer peripheral shape or an inner peripheral shape of the workpiece;
calculating a distance from a central coordinate of the approximate circle to each of the positions in the circumferential direction of the outer periphery or the inner periphery of the workpiece as a radius of each of the positions in the circumferential direction of the outer periphery or the inner periphery of the workpiece; virtually dividing the work piece into a plurality of workpiece fragments such that central angles of the workpiece fragments in the circumferential direction of the workpiece are equal;
calculating an average value of the radii of the positions in the circumferential direction of the outer periphery or the inner periphery of the workpiece for each of the workpiece fragments;
dividing a workpiece fragment of which the average value of the radii is greater than a radius of the approximate circle as a large diameter portion and dividing a workpiece fragment of which the average value of the radii is smaller than or equal to the radius of the approximate circle as a small diameter portion.

US Pat. No. 10,190,161

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR NUCLEIC ACID SEQUENCING BASED ON NANOWIRE DETECTORS

STMICROELECTRONICS S.R.L....

1. An apparatus for nucleic acid sequencing, comprising:a base-detection device in a detection site, the base-detection device being configured to detect bases of a portion of a nucleic acid strand at the detection site;
a conveying device configured to extend the nucleic acid strand and to cause the nucleic acid strand to slide through the detection site along a path; and
a structural layer having a first portion enclosing a first portion of the path, a second portion enclosing a second portion of the path, and an opening between the first portion and the second portion of the structural layer, the opening being aligned with the detection site;
wherein the base-detection device comprises a plurality of nanowire detectors arranged along the path, each nanowire detector of the plurality of nanowire detectors including a respective nanowire and one or more nucleic acid probes, which are fixed to the respective nanowire, each nucleic acid probe of the one or more nucleic acid probes fixed to the respective nanowire having the same sequence of nucleic acid bases.

US Pat. No. 10,190,158

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SELECTIVELY ADDRESSING SPARSELY ARRANGED ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENT DEVICES

Pacific Biosciences of Ca...

1. An integrated circuit comprising:a substrate;
a plurality of sectors arranged on the substrate, wherein each sector in the plurality of sectors comprises:
a programmable switch controller;
a counter bias line;
an amplifier input line;
a plurality of nano-electronic measurement devices spatially arranged on the substrate, wherein
each respective nano-electronic measurement device in the plurality of nano-electronic measurement devices includes a source that is coupled to the counter bias line and a drain that is coupled to the amplifier input line thereby obtaining an electrical signal on the drain of the respective nano-electronic measurement device,
the electrical signal is any one of a discrete set of electrical signals,
an identity of the electrical signal in the discrete set of electrical signals is determined by an electrical interaction between the corresponding nano-electronic measurement device and a particular charge label in a plurality of charge labels; and
a plurality of switches, wherein each switch in the plurality of switches gates the electrical signal between the drain of a corresponding nano-electronic measurement device in the plurality of nano-electronic measurement devices and the amplifier input line between
(i) an on state, in which the electrical signal at the drain of the corresponding nano-electronic measurement device is delivered to the amplifier input line, and
(ii) an off state, in which the electrical signal at the drain of the corresponding nano-electronic measurement device is not delivered to the amplifier input line, wherein
each respective switch in the plurality of switches is independently wired to the programmable switch controller thereby causing the respective switch to be in one of the on state and the off state responsive to the programmable switch controller.

US Pat. No. 10,190,150

DETERMINING ANALYTE CONCENTRATION FROM VARIANT CONCENTRATION DISTRIBUTION IN MEASURABLE SPECIES

ASCENSIA DIABETES CARE HO...

1. An electrochemical method for determining an analyte concentration in a sample, comprising:receiving a sample including a biological fluid at a sample reservoir, the sample reservoir having a reagent layer including an enzyme disposed in the sample reservoir and a pair of electrodes partially or completely disposed in the sample reservoir such that the sample contacts both the enzyme and the pair of electrodes responsive to being received at the sample reservoir, the contact between the sample and the enzyme causing a reaction between the enzyme and an analyte in the sample such that the analyte begins to undergo a redox conversion to electrochemically form a measurable species from the reaction between the enzyme and the analyte, the electrochemical forming of the measurable species resulting from a transfer of electrons from or to the analyte during the redox conversion of the analyte;
applying, by a signal generator, an electrical input signal having an excitation and a relaxation to the sample via the pair of electrodes after an incubation period, the incubation period being less than a reference period, wherein at the end of the reference period (i) all of the analyte has undergone the redox conversion to the measureable species and (ii) the measurable species has a constant concentration distribution, and wherein at the end of the incubation period (i) a portion but not all of the analyte has undergone the redox conversion to the measurable species and (ii) the measurable species has a variant concentration distribution, the reference period being based on a height of the sample reservoir, a volume of the sample reservoir, a thickness of the reagent layer, or any combination thereof, the incubation period beginning when the sample is received at the reservoir, the applying of the electrical input signal producing an electrical output signal that is based on the analyte concentration of the sample;
measuring, by a processor, the electrical output signal; and
determining, by the processor, the analyte concentration of the sample as a function that includes the measured electrical output signal.

US Pat. No. 10,190,146

METHOD OF CORRECTING FOR OXYGEN EFFECT

Ascensia Diabetes Care Ho...

1. A method for correcting the oxygen effect in determining the concentration of glucose in a fluid using an electrochemical test sensor, the method comprising the acts of:providing a test sensor, the test sensor comprising first and second working electrodes, and a counter electrode, the first working electrode including glucose oxidase, an oxidized form of a mediator and peroxidase, the second working electrode including glucose oxidase and the oxidized form of the mediator;
contacting the fluid with the test sensor;
measuring a first current from the first working electrode from a reduced form of the mediator;
measuring a second current from the second working electrode from the reduced form of the mediator; and
determining the concentration of glucose and correcting for the oxygen effect by using the first current measurement and the second current measurement.

US Pat. No. 10,190,090

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR FORMING STABLE PARTICLES FROM SUSPENDED SOLIDS PRODUCED BY ETHANOL FERMENTATION

WATER SOLUTIONS, INC., S...

1. A method for forming stable particles from suspended solids produced by ethanol fermentation, the method comprising:providing a liquid fraction from ethanol fermentation, the liquid fraction comprising one or more of solids and suspended solids, wherein the liquid comprises thin stillage;
adjusting a pH of the liquid fraction to a pH in the range from 3.5 to 7;
adding a potassium metabisulfite reducing agent to the pH adjusted liquid fraction;
adding a high molecular weight anionic polymer to form stable particles of one or more of solids and suspended solids, wherein the high molecular weight anionic polymer comprises a molecular weight of about 15 million Da or more; and
free draining to separate the stable particles from a liquid portion.

US Pat. No. 10,190,089

MODULAR SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING MICROORGANISMS

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. A method for detecting a microorganism, the method comprising(i) inserting a culture device into a modular system, the modular system comprising a plurality of freestanding modules, the plurality of freestanding modules including:
a freestanding first module configured to hold a stomacher bag comprising a liquid sample;
a freestanding second module configured to transfer the liquid sample to the culture device; and
a freestanding third module comprising a housing and a detector, wherein a first slot, a second slot, and a third slot are formed in the housing of the freestanding third module, the freestanding third module configured to receive the culture device through the first slot;
interlocking features to align two or more freestanding modules of the plurality of freestanding modules; and
a data processor, wherein the data processor is programmed to:
receive at least one user-established preset criterion that defines a quantity of microorganism colonies;
receive colony count information from the detector;
compare the colony count information to the at least one preset criterion to determine whether one or more conditions exist in the culture device;
configure the freestanding third module to eject the culture device through the second slot when the one or more conditions exist in the culture device; and
configure the freestanding third module to eject the culture device through the third slot when the one or more conditions do not exist in the culture device;
(ii) analyzing the culture device for colony count information with the detector; and
(iii) provide the colony count information from the detector to the data processor.

US Pat. No. 10,190,088

ORGANISM CULTURING SYSTEM AND ORGANISM CULTURING METHOD

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

12. A method for culturing an organism, comprising:storing a light-absorbing solution that absorbs more light in a second wavelength range than light in a first wavelength range in a liquid storage vessel, wherein the second wavelength range is at a shorter wavelength side than the first wavelength range,
storing a culture solution containing a photosynthetic organism to be cultured in a culture vessel,
disposing the culture vessel in the liquid storage vessel,
measuring the quantity of light that the culture vessel receives separately for different wavelength ranges using a first measuring unit,
measuring the quantity of external light surrounding the liquid storage vessel using a second light quantity measuring unit, and
controlling the liquid depth from the surface of the light-absorbing solution to the culture vessel in the liquid storage vessel based on the quantity of external light surrounding the liquid storage vessel and on the quantity of light measured for different wavelength ranges on the surface of the culture vessel,
wherein light intensity is decreased while the proportion of light in the first wavelength range and the second wavelength range is maintained, by controlling the liquid depth.

US Pat. No. 10,190,085

MICRO-INCUBATION SYSTEMS FOR MICROFLUIDIC CELL CULTURE AND METHODS

EMD Millipore Corporation...

1. A method of culturing cells, comprising:disposing cells into a culture chamber, the culture chamber connected to a plurality of microfluidic channels, the culture chamber and microfluidic channels configured into a culture unit on a well plate;
interfacing the well plate with a microincubator manifold, the microincubator manifold having a gasket for providing a removable air-tight seal to the well plate, and a heat exchange module, wherein the manifold seals to the well plate, thereby enclosing an incubation volume of gas, wherein the heat exchange module provides a controlled temperature above and in communication with the culture chamber; and
observing and/or assaying the cells in the culture chamber, wherein the microincubator manifold comprises a transparent window in a region disposed above the culture chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,190,079

COMPOSITIONS CONTAINING ONE OR MORE POLY ALPHA-1,3-GLUCAN ETHER COMPOUNDS

E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AN...

1. A composition comprising a cellulase and a poly alpha-1,3-glucan compound comprising the structure:
wherein
(i) n is at least 6,
(ii) each R is independently H or a positively charged organic group, wherein at least one R group is a positively charged organic group,
(iii) the poly alpha-1,3-glucan compound has a degree of substitution of about 0.05 to about 3.0 with the positively charged organic group, and
(iv) at least 90% of the glycosidic linkages of the poly alpha-1,3-glucan compound are alpha-1,3 glycosidic linkages.

US Pat. No. 10,190,078

DETERGENT

1. An automatic dishwashing detergent composition comprising:a) from about 0.1% to about 20% by weight of a cleaning surfactant selected from the group consisting of an anionic surfactant, a zwitterionic surfactant, an amphoteric surfactant, and mixtures thereof;
b) from about 0.1% to about 20% by weight of a cleaning amine,wherein the amine is a polyetheramine selected from the group consisting of polyetheramines of Formula (I), Formula (II), Formula (III) and a mixture thereof:
wherein each of R1-R12 is independently selected from H, alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, alkylaryl, or arylalkyl, wherein at least one of R1-R6 and at least one of R7-R12 is different from H, each of A1-A9 is independently selected from linear or branched alkylenes having about 2 to about 18 carbon atoms, each of Z1-Z4 is independently selected from OH or NH2, wherein at least one of Z1-Z2 and at least one of Z3—Z4 is NH2, wherein the sum of x+y is in the range of about 2 to about 200, wherein x?1 and y?1, and the sum of x1+y1 is in the range of about 2 to about 200, wherein x1?1 and y1?1

wherein R is selected from H or a C1-C6 alkyl group, each of k1, k2, and k3 is independently selected from 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6, each of A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, and A6 is independently selected from a linear or branched alkylene group having from about 2 to about 18 carbon atoms or mixtures thereof, x?1, y?1, and z?1, and the sum of x+y+z is in the range of from about 3 to about 100, each of Z1, Z2, and Z3 is independently selected from NH2 or OH, where at least two of Z1, Z2, and Z3 are NH2; and the polyetheramine has a weight average molecular weight of from about 150 to about 1000 grams/mole.

US Pat. No. 10,190,076

METHODS FOR PRODUCING A HIGH PROTEIN CORN MEAL FROM A WHOLE STILLAGE BYPRODUCT AND SYSTEM THEREFORE

Fluid Quip, Inc., Spring...

1. A method for recovering oil from a whole stillage byproduct produced via a corn dry-milling process, the method comprising:in a corn dry-milling process for making alcohol, separating the whole stillage byproduct into an insoluble solids portion and a thin stillage portion, which includes free oil and protein;
prior to any evaporation step, separating out a lighter water soluble solids portion, which includes the oil, from heavier constituents, including the protein, in the thin stillage portion, via weights, wherein the heavier constituents, including the protein, are not subsequently subjected to any evaporator; and
separating the oil from the water soluble solids portion to provide an oil portion after subjecting the separated water soluble solids portion to evaporation via an evaporator.

US Pat. No. 10,190,069

LUBRICATING COMPOSITION CONTAINING A THIOCARBAMATE COMPOUND

The Lubrizol Corporation,...

1. A lubricating composition comprising an oil of lubricating viscosity and 0.01 wt % to 5 wt % of an ashless sulfur containing compound comprising a thiocarbamate compound having an optionally-substituted hydrocarbyl group on an S-atom and an optionally-substituted hydrocarbyl group on an N-atom,wherein the ashless thiocarbamate compound having an optionally-substituted hydrocarbyl group on an S-atom and an optionally-substituted hydrocarbyl group on an N-atom is represented by the formula (4):
whereinY is S;R2 is a hydrocarbyl group consisting of 6 to 20 carbon atoms;R3 is a hydrocarbylene group; andR4 is a hydrocarbyl group consisting of 6 to 20 carbon atoms.

US Pat. No. 10,190,065

FEED DELIVERY SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GASIFIER

1. A system for processing material for a gasifier, said system comprising:a first auger feeder adapted to receive and process material to be gasified;
an inclined conveyor adapted to receive said material processed by said first auger feeder, said conveyor adapted to transfer said material;
a second auger feeder positioned above said first auger feeder and adapted to receive said material transferred by said conveyor, said second auger feeder adapted to feed said material;
a tube connected to said second auger feeder such that said tube is adapted to receive said material from said second auger feeder, said tube comprising:
i) a body connected to said second auger feeder, said body having an inner wall that defines an opening adapted to receive said material from said second auger feeder such that said body is adapted to allow a flow of said material through said opening and out of said tube to said gasifier; and
ii) at least one restrictor that extends inwardly from said inner wall of said body into said opening, said at least one restrictor adapted to extend into said flow of said material to impede said flow, said at least one restrictor configured to enable said flow to flow around said at least one restrictor to exit out of said tube, wherein each said restrictor is adjustable such that a respective position of each said restrictor is adapted to be adjusted relative to said inner wall; and
a gasifier connected to said tube such that said gasifier is adapted to receive said material from said tube.

US Pat. No. 10,190,064

INTEGRATED PROCESS FOR SIMULTANEOUS REMOVAL AND VALUE ADDITION TO THE SULFUR AND AROMATICS COMPOUNDS OF GAS OIL

1. An integrated process for simultaneous removal and value addition to sulfur and aromatics compounds of a gas oil comprising:(i) distilling a gas oil under vacuum or positive pressure in the range of 40-2280 mm Hg and a temperature in the range 100-350° C. to obtain a refractive sulfur and polyaromatics lean lighter fraction of gas oil (LFGO), and a refractive sulfur and polyaromatics rich heavy fraction (HFGO) of gas oil;
(ii) mixing the HFGO obtained in step (i) with a polar solvent in a continuous extraction column at a temperature in the range of 30 to 70° C. with a solvent to feed ratio in the range of 0.5 to 4.0 to obtain a raffinate lean in refractive sulfur and polyaromatics and an extract rich in refractive sulfur and polyaromatics compounds;
(iii) washing the raffinate obtained in step (ii) with water generating water containing a small amount of solvent and a solvent free raffinate;
(iv) mixing the extract obtained in step (ii) with an anti-solvent in a single stage mixture settler, to obtain a pseudo raffinate (PSR) hydrocarbon and a solvent rich extract containing an enhanced concentration of sulfur and aromatic compounds;
(v) subjecting the solvent rich extract obtained in step (iv) and the water containing a small amount of solvent obtained from wash zones obtained in step (iii) to a solvent recovery column for recovery of an aqueous solvent and an extract hydrocarbon stream;
(vi) distilling the aqueous solvent obtained in step (v) to separate water and dry solvent with a water concentration in the range of 0.0 to 10.0% for its reuse in the process;
(vii) subjecting a fraction of the pseudo raffinate (PSR) hydrocarbon obtained in step (iv) in the range of 5% to 50% to a continuous extraction column;
(viii) subjecting a portion of the pseudo raffinate (PSR) hydrcarbon obtained in step (iv) in the range of 50% to 95% to a hydrocracker to obtain a gas oil of reduced sulfur and aromatics level, wherein the gas oil has sulfur less than 10 ppmw;
(ix) routing the extract hydrocarbon stream obtained in step (v) as a feed stock to carbon black generation unit to produce carbon or delayed coker unit to obtain reduced sulfur products;
(x) hydrotreating the refractive sulfur and polyaromatics lean lighter fraction of gas oil (LFGO) obtained in step (i), the solvent free raffinate as obtained in step (iii), or a mixture of the LFGO and the solvent free raffinate in the presence of hydrogen and metallic catalyst to produce a desulfurized gas oil having sulfur less than 75 ppmw; and
(xi) blending of the desulfurized gas oil having sulfur less than 75 ppmw obtained in step (x) with the gas oil having sulfur less than 10 ppmw obtained in step (viii) to produce a blended low sulfur gas oil wherein the sulfur in the blended low sulfur gas oil is less than 70 ppmw.

US Pat. No. 10,190,062

BITUMEN PROCESSING AND TRANSPORT

CENOVUS ENERGY INC., Cal...

1. A method for preparing or converting bitumen for transport, the method comprising:separating asphaltene from the bitumen to generate a deasphalted oil and asphaltene;
separating the asphaltene into a first asphaltene fraction and a second asphaltene fraction, the first asphaltene fraction being less soluble in deasphalted oil and the second asphaltene fraction being more soluble in deasphalted oil; and
forming an asphaltene prill comprising an inner core comprising the second asphaltene fraction and an outer layer comprising the first asphaltene fraction.

US Pat. No. 10,190,060

PROCESS FOR INCREASING PROCESS FURNACES ENERGY EFFICIENCY

SAUDI BASIC INDUSTRIES CO...

1. A process for increasing process furnaces energy efficiency through gas turbine integration by using turbine exhaust gas, wherein a hydrocarbon feed is heated in a furnace, said process comprising the following steps:i) feeding furnace combustion air to burners of said furnace together with furnace fuel to provide high temperature heat to said furnace;
ii) cooling the hydrocarbon feed thus processed by using water from a steam drum under the formation of water vapour from some of the water;
iii) returning the mixture of water and water vapour thus formed to said steam drum;
iv) withdrawing saturated high-pressure steam from said steam drum and feeding said saturated high-pressure steam to a heat recovery unit; and
v) feeding said turbine exhaust gas to said heat recovery unit for converting said high-pressure steam into super heated high pressure steam, thereby decoupling the gas turbine from the process furnace.

US Pat. No. 10,190,059

PROCESS FOR THE HYDROTREATMENT OF RENEWABLE MATERIALS, WITH AN OPTIMIZED GAS RECYCLE

IFP Energies Nouvelles, ...

1. A process for the hydrotreatment of a feed obtained from renewable sources to produce paraffinic hydrocarbons which is carried out in the presence of hydrogen in a fixed bed reactor having a plurality of catalytic zones disposed in series and each catalytic zone comprising at least one hydrotreatment catalyst, said process comprising:a) dividing a liquid feed stream F into a plurality of different part-streams of liquid feed, F1 to Fn, respectively, wherein the number of part-streams of liquid feed is equal to the number of catalytic zones n in said fixed bed reactor, Z1 to Zn, respectively, and n is a whole number in the range of 2 to 10;
b) injecting a first part-stream of liquid feed F1 into a first catalytic zone Z1, and injecting a second part-stream of liquid feed F2 into a second catalytic zone Z2 and so on if n is greater than 2;
c) hydrotreating each part-stream, F1 to Fn, in each catalytic zone, Z1 to Zn, respectively, in the presence of hydrogen at a temperature in the range of 180° C. to 400° C., at a pressure in the range of 0.1 MPa to 15 MPa, at an hourly space velocity in the range of 0.1 h?1 to 10 h?1, and with a ratio of flow rate of hydrogen to flow rate of liquid feed in the range of 150 to 1500 Nm3/m3 to produce at least one effluent containing paraffinic hydrocarbons discharged from said reactor, wherein the mass flow rate of hydrogen sent to the first catalytic zone Z1 represents more than 80% by weight of the total mass flow rate of hydrogen used in the hydrotreatment process, hydrotreated product and hydrogen-containing gas are discharged from each catalytic zone, and, except for the nth catalytic zone, the hydrotreated product and hydrogen-containing gas from each catalytic zone are introduced into the next catalytic zone in the series, and the hydrotreated product and hydrogen-containing gas from the nth catalytic zone form said at least one effluent discharged from said reactor;
d) separating said effluent from c) in at least one separation step in order to separate at least one gaseous fraction containing hydrogen and at least one liquid fraction containing paraffinic hydrocarbons;
e) dividing at least a portion of said at least one liquid fraction containing paraffinic hydrocarbons from d) into a plurality of liquid recycle streams, RL1 to RLn, and recycling a first liquid recycle stream RL1 to the first catalytic zone Z1, and recycling a second liquid recycle stream RL2 to the second catalytic zone Z2 and so on if n is greater than 2; and
f) optionally dividing at least a portion of said gaseous fraction containing hydrogen from d) into a plurality of gaseous recycle streams, RG1 to RGn, and optionally recycling a first gaseous recycle stream RG1 to the first catalytic zone Z1, and optionally recycling a second gaseous recycle stream RG2 to the second catalytic zone Z2 and so on if n is greater than 2;
wherein each of the catalytic zones has a local recycle ratio which is defined as the weight ratio between (i) the total weight of the liquid recycle stream introduced to the catalytic zone plus any the liquid recycle streams introduced into any previous catalytic zone in the series, if present, and (ii) the part-stream of liquid feed introduced into the catalytic zone, and wherein said local recycle ratio of each catalytic zone is >0 to 2;
wherein the first catalytic zone of the series receives a liquid diluting stream and optionally a gaseous diluting stream, wherein the optional gaseous diluting stream is the first gaseous recycle stream from f);
wherein each of the other catalytic zones, Z2 to Zn, in the series receives liquid and gaseous diluting streams, wherein said liquid diluting streams are: (1) the part-stream(s) of liquid feed streams introduced into each of the previous catalytic zones in the series, if present, (2) the liquid recycle streams from e) introduced into each of the previous catalytic zones in the series, if present, and (3) the liquid recycle stream from e) introduced into the catalytic zone, and said gaseous diluting streams are: (4) the hydrogen-containing gas discharged from the previous catalytic zone in the series, if present, (5) the optional gaseous recycle streams from f) introduced into each of the previous catalytic zones in the series, if present, and (6) the optional gaseous recycle stream from f) introduced into the catalytic zone; and
wherein each of the catalytic zones has a local dilution ratio defined as the weight ratio between (I) the total quantity of liquid and gaseous diluting streams introduced into the catalytic zone and (II) the part-stream of liquid feed introduced into the catalytic zone, and wherein said local dilution ratio of each catalytic zone is >0 to less than 4.

US Pat. No. 10,190,058

HIGH-YIELD PRODUCTION OF FUELS AND PETRO- AND OLEO-CHEMICAL PRECURSORS FROM VEGETABLE OILS AND OTHER LIQUID FEEDSTOCKS IN A CONTINUOUS-FLOW PYROLYSIS REACTOR WITH OR WITHOUT CATALYSTS

The University of Toledo,...

1. A method of conducting a pyrolysis, the method comprising:atomizing an oil feedstock to produce atomized oil droplets, wherein the oil feedstock comprises vegetable oil, biooil, or biocrude;
pyrolyzing the atomized oil droplets in a reactor with or without a catalyst to produce pyrolysis products, wherein the pyrolysis is conducted at a temperature ranging from about 400° C. to about 600° C.; and
optionally, reacting the pyrolysis products in-situ with one or more added reactants to produce reacted pyrolysis products.

US Pat. No. 10,190,056

CONVERSION OF SOLID BIOMASS INTO A LIQUID HYDROCARBON MATERIAL

SHELL OIL COMPANY, Houst...

1. A process for producing liquid hydrocarbon products from a solid biomass feedstock comprising:a) providing in a hydropyrolysis reactor vessel a hydropyrolysis catalyst composition that comprises one or more active metals selected from cobalt, molybdenum, nickel, tungsten, ruthenium, platinum, palladium, iridium and iron on an oxide support, wherein the active metals are present in a partially sulfided form to the extent that the hydropyrolysis catalyst composition contains sulfur in an amount of from 10 to 90% of a full stoichiometric amount;
b) contacting the solid biomass feedstock with the hydropyrolysis catalyst composition and molecular hydrogen in the hydropyrolysis reactor vessel at a temperature in the range of from 350 to 600° C. and a pressure in the range of from 0.50 to 7.50 MPa, to produce a product stream comprising partially deoxygenated hydropyrolysis product, H2O, H2, CO2, CO, C1-C3 gases, char and catalyst fines;
c) removing the char and catalyst fines from the product stream;
d) hydroconverting the partially deoxygenated hydropyrolysis product in a hydroconversion reactor vessel in the presence of one or more hydroconversion catalyst and of the H2O, CO2, CO, H2, and C1-C3 gas generated in step a), to produce a vapour phase product comprising substantially fully deoxygenated hydrocarbon product, H2O, CO, CO2, hydrogen and C1-C3 gases.

US Pat. No. 10,190,054

SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR CONVERTING WHOLE TIRES AND OTHER SOLID CARBON MATERIALS INTO RECLAIMABLE AND REUSEABLE COMPONENTS

1. A method of converting carbon based material comprising the steps of:providing a rotatable chamber in which the material can be heated;
introducing the material into the chamber;
indirectly heating the chamber;
rotating the heated chamber with the material in the heated chamber to reduce the material;
collecting gases or oil or both from the reduced material from the chamber; and
collecting residual solids from the reduced material from the chamber;
wherein the chamber is heated to a temperature between about 350° F. and about 1100° F.;
wherein the carbon based material is rubber belting, a rubber construction track, a tire in the range of 4 inches in diameter to 120 inches in diameter, or a combination thereof, and wherein the material is introduced into the chamber without shredding, cutting or comminuting the material.

US Pat. No. 10,190,053

PYROLYSIS OF LIGNIN

Iowa State University Res...

1. A method of fast pyrolysis, said method comprising:(a) providing a technical lignin;
(b) treating the technical lignin with an alkali metal hydroxide or an alkaline earth metal hydroxide in an amount of from over 4% (w/w) to 20% (w/w) under conditions effective to reduce agglomeration, during pyrolysis, compared to when the technical lignin is not subjected to said treating; and
(c) pyrolyzing the treated technical lignin in continuous mode for 1 to 3 hours to produce pyrolysis products.

US Pat. No. 10,190,052

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR REGULATING AND CONTROLLING THE GAS PRESSURE

1. A device for regulating or controlling an individual gas pressure of each individual oven of a coke oven battery, the device comprising:a rising-pipe bend;
a water seal;
an immersion cup;
an actuator;
an immersion pipe that extends above the immersion cup and that is associated with a lower end of the rising-pipe bend via the water seal, the immersion pipe being supported such that it is vertically adjustable by means of the actuator so that the immersion pipe is immersible to different depths into the immersion cup for causing a change in pressure; and
a sleeve arranged in the rising-pipe bend which serves to position the immersion pipe, wherein a lower end of the sleeve is connected via at least one conduit to the water seal, and wherein a water supply, for feeding the water seal, and the actuator are provided at an upper end of the sleeve, outside the rising-pipe bend.

US Pat. No. 10,190,049

MESOGENIC MEDIA AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

MERCK PATENT GMBH, Darms...

1. Medium comprising one or more bimesogenic compounds, one or more nematogenic compound, one or more chiral compound and one or more compounds of formula I,R11-A11-(Z12-A12)m-AG  I
in which,
A11 and A12 each, independently of one another, denote an aryl-, heteroaryl-, heterocyclic- or alicyclic group optionally being substituted by one or more identical or different groups L,
L in each case, independently of one another, denotes, halogen, —CN, —NO2, —NCO, —NCS, —OCN, —SCN, straight-chain or branched alkyl or alkoxy having 1 to 5 C atoms, where, in addition, one or more non-terminal CH2 groups in these radicals may each be replaced, independently of one another, by —C?C—, —CF2O—, —CH?CH—,
—O—, —CO—O—, —O—CO— in such a way that O atoms are not linked directly to one another, and in which, in addition, one or more H atoms may be replaced by halogen,Z12 in each case, independently of one another, denotes
—O—, —S—, —CO—, —COO—, —OCO—, —S—CO—, —CO—S—, —O—COO—, —CO—NR0—, —NR0-CO—, —NR0-CO—NR00, —NR0-CO—O—,
—O—CO—NR0—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —SCH2—, —CH2S—, —CF2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2S—, —SCF2—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —CF2CH2—, —CH2CF2—, —CF2CF2—, —CH?N—, —N?CH—, —N?N—,
—CH?CR0—, —CY01?CY02—, —C?C—, —CH?CH—COO—,
—OCO—CH?CH—, or a single bond,
Y01 and Y02 each, independently of one another, denote H, F, Cl or CN,
R0 and R00 each, independently of one another, denote H or alkyl having 1 to 12 C atoms,
R11 denotes an alkyl or alkoxy radical having 1 to 15 C atoms, where, in addition, one or more non-terminal CH2 groups in these radicals may each be replaced, independently of one another, by —C?C—, —CF2O—, —CH?CH—,

 —O—, —CO—O—, —O—CO— in such a way that O atoms are not linked directly to one another, and in which, in addition, one or more H atoms may be replaced by halogen,
AG denotes -Sp-X11,
Sp denotes —(CH2)—,
p denotes 0, 1 or 2,
X11 denotes a group —NH2, —SH, —OH, —(CO)OH or a group of the formulae
andm denotes 0, 1 or 2;wherein:the one or more bimesogenic compound is selected from the group of compounds of formulae A-I to A-III,

wherein
R1 and R12,
R21 and R22,
and R31 and R32 are each independently H, F, Cl, CN, NCS or a straight-chain or branched alkyl group with 1 to 25 C atoms which may be unsubstituted, mono- or polysubstituted by halogen or CN, it being also possible for one or more non-adjacent CH2 groups to be replaced, in each occurrence independently from one another, by —O—, —S—, —NH—, —N(CH3)—, —CO—, —COO—, —OCO—, —O—CO—O—, —S—CO—, —CO—S—, —CH?CH—, —CH?CF—, —CF?CF— or —C?C— in such a manner that oxygen atoms are not linked directly to one another,
MG11 and MG12,
MG21 and MG22, and
MG31 and MG32 are each independently a mesogenic group,
Sp1, Sp2 and Sp3 are each independently a spacer group comprising 5 to 40 C atoms, wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2 groups, with the exception of the CH2 groups of Sp1 linked to O-MG11 and/or O-MG12, of Sp2 linked to MG21 and/or MG22 and of Sp3 linked to X31 and X32, may also be replaced by —O—, —S—, —NH—, —N(CH3)—, —CO—, —O—CO—,
—S—CO—, —O—COO—, —CO—S—, —CO—O—,
—CH(halogen)-, —CH(CN)—, —CH?CH— or —C?C—, in such a way that no two O-atoms are adjacent to one another, no two —CH?CH— groups are adjacent to each other, and no two groups selected from —O—CO—, —S—CO—, —O—COO—, —CO—S—, —CO—O— and —CH?CH— are adjacent to each other, and
X31 and X32 are independently from one another a linking group selected from —CO—O—, —O—CO—, —CH?CH—,
—C?C— or —S—, and, alternatively, one of them may also be either —O— or a single bond, and, again alternatively, one of them may be —O— and the other one a single bond;
the one or more nematogenic compound is selected from the group of compounds of formulae B-I to B-III,

wherein
RB1, RB21,
RB22, RB31 and
RB32 are each independently H, F, Cl, CN, NCS or a straight-chain or branched alkyl group with 1 to 25 C atoms which may be unsubstituted, mono- or polysubstituted by halogen or CN, it being also possible for one or more non-adjacent CH2 groups to be replaced, in each occurrence independently from one another, by —O—, —S—, —NH—, —N(CH3)—, —CO—,
—COO—, —OCO—, —O—CO—O—, —S—CO—, —CO—S—, —CH?CH—, —CH?CF—, —CF?CF— or —C?C— in such a manner that oxygen atoms are not linked directly to one another,
XB1 is F, Cl, CN, NCS,
ZB1, ZB2 and
ZB3 are in each occurrence independently —CH2—CH2—,
—CO—O—, —O—CO—, —CF2-O—, —O— CF2—, —CH?CH— or a single bond,
are in each occurrence independently
alternatively one or more of
areandn is 1, 2 or 3; and
the one or more chiral compound is selected from the group of compounds of formulae C-I to C-III,

the latter ones including the respective (S,S) enantiomers,
and wherein
E and F are each independently 1,4-phenylene or trans-1,4-cyclohexylene,
v is 0 or 1,
Z0 is —COO—, —OCO—, —CH2CH2— or a single bond, and
R is alkyl, alkoxy or alkanoyl with 1 to 12 C atoms.