US Pat. No. 10,168,752

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING A SUSTAINED THERMAL POWER ENVELOPE COMPRISING MULTIPLE HEAT SOURCES

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for determining a thermal power envelope for a portable computing device, the method comprising:(a) determining a first set of operating points for a first component in a portable computing device;
(b) determining a second set of operating points for a second component in the portable computing device; and
(c) generating an individual sustained thermal power envelope (S-TPE) for the first component in the portable computing device by:
(c)(i) setting the first component to a first current operating point in the first set of operating points;
(c)(ii) while maintaining the first component at the first current operating point, setting the second component to a second current operating point in the second set of operating points;
(c)(iii) collecting power consumption data and skin temperature data from a plurality of temperature sensors in the portable computing device while the first component is operating at the first current operating point in the first set of operating points and the second component is operating at the second current operating point in the second set of operating points;
(c)(iv) repeating (c)(ii), and (c)(iii) for each of the second set of operating points for the second component; and
(c)(v) repeating (c)(i), (c)(ii), and (c)(iii) for each of the first set of operating points for the first component.

US Pat. No. 10,168,750

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR COOLING OF INFORMATION HANDLING RESOURCES

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. A system comprising:an information handling system including an information handling resource;
a management controller configured to provide out-of-band management of the information handling system; and
an expansion cold plate thermally coupled to the information handling resource and configured to be fluidically coupled to a refrigeration system that includes a compressor and a second compressor configured to compress a refrigerant and a condenser configured to condense the refrigerant from a gaseous state to a liquid state;
wherein the management controller is configured to determine a refrigerant demand for the information handling resource to cool the expansion cold plate to a plate temperature that is below an ambient temperature within the system and above a dew point for the system;
wherein the refrigeration system is further configured to receive control signals from the management controller operable to cause the refrigeration system to distribute the refrigerant based on the determined refrigerant demand and expand the refrigerant within the expansion cold plate to cool the information handling resource by converting the refrigerant from the liquid state to the gaseous state to cool the expansion cold plate to the plate temperature that is below an ambient temperature within the system and above the dew point for the system; and
wherein the management controller is further configured to control the compressor and the second compressor to load share between the compressor and the second compressor.

US Pat. No. 10,168,749

COOLING USING ADJUSTABLE THERMAL COUPLING

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A cooling apparatus, comprising:a first cold plate thermally coupled to a first heat source;
a second cold plate thermally coupled to a second heat source;
an adjustable coupling to physically and thermally couple a surface of the first cold plate to a surface of the second cold plate, wherein the adjustable coupling includes an adjustment feature with an elongated hole to receive a fastener; and
wherein the elongated hole is to allow multiple fixed physical coupling positions of the first cold plate in relation to a plurality of heights of the second cold plate along a direction of elongation perpendicular to a length of the first cold plate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,748

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR THERMAL MANAGEMENT OF AN INFORMATION HANDLING SYSTEM USING ESTIMATES OF LINEAR AIRFLOW VELOCITY BASED ON CUBIC FLOW RATE AND AIRFLOW AREA

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. A system comprising:a plurality of temperature sensors configured to sense temperatures at a plurality of locations associated with an information handling system;
a cooling subsystem comprising at least one cooling fan configured to generate a cooling airflow in the information handling system; and
a thermal manager communicatively coupled to the plurality of temperature sensors and the cooling subsystem and configured to:
determine an amount of power provided to a subsystem of the information handling system;
based on at least the amount of power provided to the subsystem, estimate a thermal condition proximate to the subsystem; and
set a speed of the at least one cooling fan based on the estimated thermal condition and a required cubic airflow rate associated with the subsystem, wherein the required cubic airflow rate is determined based on a required linear airflow velocity associated with the subsystem and a net cross-sectional area through which the cooling airflow travels;
wherein:
the required linear airflow velocity associated with the subsystem is a required linear airflow velocity of one of a plurality of slots each configured to receive a respective card; and
wherein the required linear airflow velocity of the one of the plurality of slots is based on at least one of: (i) required linear airflow velocity for a worst case slot of the plurality of slots, (ii) whether the slot is populated with a respective card, (iii) a form factor of the respective card, (iv) a lane width of the respective card; and (v) an average required linear airflow velocity of one of the plurality of slots.

US Pat. No. 10,168,746

HINGE MECHANISM FOR A COMPUTING DEVICE

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

9. A computing device comprising:a display member;
a base member; and
a hinge mechanism to pivotally connect he display and base members along an axis, the hinge mechanism comprising:
a guide rail fixed to the display member, wherein the guide rail comprises a pin;
a base block fixed to the base member;
a rotary element to constrain the guide rail to the base block, wherein the guide rail and the base block are concentric along the axis, and, the guide rail is to rotate around the base block; and
a rotation assembly comprising a slot on one end to receive the pin of the guide rail in order to link the guide rail to the rotation assembly, wherein a rotational axis of the rotation assembly is offset from the axis, and the rotation assembly is to provide a level of resistance to a torque provided when the guide rail is to rotate around the base block.

US Pat. No. 10,168,745

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS INCLUDING POWER SUPPLY CABLE COUPLED TO CIRCUIT BOARD AND COUPLING CABLE COUPLED TO DISPLAY AND NOTEBOOK TYPE PERSONAL COMPUTER INCLUDING INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS

1. An information processing apparatus comprising:a display;
a circuit board including a first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface;
a power supply cable coupled to a power supply connector mounted on the first surface and extending to a side of the second surface via a notch provided in a sidewall of the circuit board;
a coupling cable coupled to the display and including an overlapping portion that overlaps with the power supply cable which extends to the side of the second surface from the side of the first surface via the notch as viewed in a thicknesswise direction of the circuit board and is provided on the side of the first surface; and
a projection disposed between the power supply cable and the overlapping portion and projecting from the sidewall of the circuit board in such a manner that the projection forms a first inner surface of the notch and the power supply cable extends from the power supply connector provided on a side of a second inner surface of the notch opposite to the first inner surface to the second surface on a side of the first inner surface via the notch and extends beyond the projection along the sidewall of the circuit board,
wherein the power supply cable, after going through the notch, extends over the overlapping portion while being in contact with a surface of the projection on the side of the second surface, continues to extend over the second surface without returning to the side of the first surface and is coupled to an external power supply connector on the side of the second surface.

US Pat. No. 10,168,741

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DISPLAYING SCREEN

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of displaying a screen, the method comprising:displaying at least a portion of a content on a flexible display unit;
detecting a user input for displaying another portion of the content;
determining whether an edge portion of the content is displayed in response to the detecting of the user input; and
bending the flexible display unit by activating a driving unit coupled to the flexible display unit in response to displaying the edge portion of the content.

US Pat. No. 10,168,740

FLEXIBLE WINDOW SUBSTRATE AND FLEXIBLE DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A flexible display device comprising:a display panel configured to display an image;
a window substrate covering the display panel,
wherein the window substrate comprises:
a flexible base layer comprising:
a first surface facing an outside; and
a second surface facing the display panel in an opposite direction to the first surface;
a first coating layer having hardness higher than that of the base layer and comprising a plurality of first coating tiles arranged on the first surface of the base layer thereof, at a first gap from each other; and
a second coating layer having hardness higher than that of the base layer and comprising a plurality of second coating tiles arranged on a layer different from the first surface of the base layer thereof, at a second gap from each other, and
wherein the first gap of the first coating layer at least partially overlaps one of the second coating tiles of the second coating layer.

US Pat. No. 10,168,739

ELECTRONIC DEVICE WITH MULTIPLE DISPLAY MODULES

ACER INCORPORATED, New T...

1. An electronic device with multiple screen modules, comprising:a first screen module, comprising:
a first screen; and
a first frame configured to contain the first screen and comprising:
a first side, a second side, a third side and a fourth side, wherein the first side of the first frame is opposite to the second side of the first frame and the third side of the first frame is opposite to the fourth side of the first frame;
a first pivot structure disposed on the first side and the second side of the first frame on a first central axis so as to allow the first screen to rotate around the first central axis;
a second pivot structure disposed on the third side of the first frame;
a third pivot structure disposed on the fourth side of the first frame; and
a fourth pivot structure disposed on the second side of the first frame;
a second screen module, comprising:
a second screen; and
a second frame configured to contain the second screen and comprising:
a first side, a second side, a third side and a fourth side, wherein the first side of the second frame is opposite to the second side of the second frame and the third side of the second frame is opposite to the fourth side of the second frame;
a fifth pivot structure disposed on the first side and the second side of the second frame on a second central axis so as to allow the second screen to rotate around the second central axis; and
a sixth pivot structure disposed on the third side of the second frame and pivotally connected to the second pivot structure of the first frame;
a third screen module, comprising:
a third screen; and
a third frame configured to contain the third screen and comprising:
a first side, a second side, a third side and a fourth side, wherein the first side of the third frame is opposite to the second side of the third frame and the third side of the third frame is opposite to the fourth side of the third frame;
a seventh pivot structure disposed on the first side and the second side of the third frame on a third central axis so as to allow the third screen to rotate around the third central axis; and
an eighth pivot structure disposed on the third side of the third frame and pivotally connected to the third pivot structure of the first frame; and
a host comprising a ninth pivot structure pivotally connected to the fourth pivot structure of the first frame.

US Pat. No. 10,168,737

DISPLAY SUSPENSION

Nokia Technologies Oy, E...

1. An apparatus comprising:a body portion having at least a first wall section providing a casing to surround electrical components of the apparatus and being configured to have a lower structural rigidity compared to a remainder of the body portion; and
a display assembly coupled to the body portion, the display assembly comprising at least one of a display and a display window;
wherein the first wall section comprises at least one first thinned portion configured to suspend the display assembly at a thicker portion of the first wall section and at least one second thinned portion at an outer edge of the body portion, the second thinned portion being configured to flex and allow movement of the display assembly upon application of a force from at least one actuator to the display assembly;
wherein the first wall section is coupled to the display assembly; and
wherein the body portion together with the first wall section comprises the casing configured to surround electrical components of the apparatus, the first wall section being configured to bend or flex relative to the remainder of the body portion upon application of the force to the display assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,168,736

COUPLING MEMBER AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A wearable electronic device comprising:a housing that includes a first face that faces in a first direction, a second face that faces in a second direction that is opposite to the first direction, and a side face that at least partially encloses a space between the first face and the second face;
a display that is exposed through the first face of the housing; and
a coupling member that is mounted to be attachable to/detachable from a portion that faces in a third direction in the side face of the housing, and is configured to detachably couple the electronic device to a user's body portion,
wherein a portion of the housing includes:
a first recess that is formed on a portion of the side face of the housing in a fourth direction that is opposite to the third direction;
a first protrusion that protrudes in the third direction from another portion of the side face of the housing; and
a second recess that extends on at least a portion of the first protrusion to face in the first direction,
wherein the coupling member includes:
a first portion that is configured to be in contact with the user's body portion when the electronic device is coupled to the user's body portion;
a second portion that is arranged to be movable in the third direction between the first portion and the portion of the housing when the coupling member is mounted on the portion of the housing, and includes a second protrusion that protrudes in the fourth direction; and
a third portion that is disposed between the second portion and the portion of the housing and includes at least one opening, and
wherein, when the coupling member is mounted on the portion of the housing, the second protrusion protrudes to the outside of the third portion through the opening to be at least partially accommodated in the first recess, and the third portion is at least partially accommodated in the second recess.

US Pat. No. 10,168,734

FOLDABLE DISPLAY DEVICE AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A foldable display device comprising a flexible display screen and a support back plate fitted to the flexible display screen, wherein:the support back plate comprises a first support plate and a second support plate that is articulated with the first support plate by a double-shaft articulated mechanism, the double-shaft articulated mechanism comprising:
a first rotation shaft pivotally coupled to the first support plate,
a second rotation shaft pivotally coupled to the second support plate, and
a tension releasing mechanism provided between the first rotation shaft and the second rotation shaft;
wherein the tension releasing mechanism comprises at least two slider-traveller assembles, wherein each of the slider-traveller assembles comprises a slider and a traveller slidable in the slider, an end of one of the slider and the traveller is coupled to the first rotation shaft and an end of the other of the slider and the traveller is coupled to the second rotation shaft, such that during opening or folding the first support plate and the second support plate, the first support plate rotates about the first rotation shaft and the second support plate rotates about the second rotation shaft, and such that through movement of the traveller in the slider, the first rotation shaft moves towards the second rotation shaft with the end of one of the slider and the traveller as opening the first support plate and the second support plate, and the first rotation shaft moves away from the second rotation shaft with the end of one of the slider and the traveller as folding the first support plate and the second support plate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,733

FOLDABLE BODY AND FOLDABLE DISPLAY APPARATUS

Industrial Technology Res...

1. A foldable body adapted to be connected between two neighboring ones of a plurality of supporting units, such that the two neighboring supporting units are moved relative to each other to flatten or bend a flexible display panel mounted on a supporting surface of each of the supporting units, the foldable body comprising:a main track unmovably fixedly connected to one of the two neighboring supporting units; and
a main shaft unmovably fixedly connected to the other of the two neighboring supporting units and coupled to the main track to be translated and rotated in the main track, such that the supporting surfaces are configured to be parallel to each other, inclined relative to each other, or spaced apart from each other by an interval.

US Pat. No. 10,168,732

TOUCH PANEL AND SENSING METHOD THEREOF

Industrial Technology Res...

1. A touch panel, comprising:a substrate, having a first sensing area, a second sensing area and a middle axis, wherein the first sensing area and the second sensing area are spaced by a gap, and the middle axis is configured between the first sensing area and the second sensing area;
a plurality of first sensing electrodes and a plurality of second sensing electrodes, extendedly disposed in the first sensing area, wherein the first sensing electrodes and the second sensing electrodes are intersected to each other, and the first sensing electrodes are disposed along an extending direction of the middle axis;
a plurality of third sensing electrodes and a plurality of fourth sensing electrodes, extendedly disposed in the second sensing area, wherein the third sensing electrodes and the fourth sensing electrodes are intersected to each other, and the third sensing electrodes are disposed along the extending direction of the middle axis;
a first control unit, electrically connected to the first sensing electrodes and the second sensing electrodes, electrically isolated from the fourth sensing electrodes, and selectively electrically connected to a fixed part of the third sensing electrodes located adjacent to the first sensing area; and
a second control unit, electrically connected to the third sensing electrodes and the fourth sensing electrodes, electrically isolated from the second sensing electrodes, and selectively electrically connected to a fixed part of the first sensing electrodes located adjacent to the second sensing area,
wherein when the first control unit is selectively electrically connected to the fixed part of the third sensing electrodes located adjacent to the first sensing area, the first control unit calculates a change of capacitance values between the fixed part of the third sensing electrodes and the second sensing electrodes, and
when the second control unit is selectively electrically connected to the fixed part of the first sensing electrodes located adjacent to the second sensing area, the second control unit calculates a change of capacitance values between the fixed part of the first sensing electrodes and the fourth sensing electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,168,731

MANAGING FREQUENCY CHANGES OF CLOCK SIGNALS ACROSS DIFFERENT CLOCK DOMAINS

Advanced Micro Devices, I...

1. A method comprising:at a first clock domain of a processor, accessing a first entry of a buffer based on a first edge of a first clock signal;
at a second clock domain of the processor:
selecting a second edge of a second clock signal based on a minimum setup time to read from the first entry of the buffer, the second clock signal asynchronous with the first clock signal;
accessing the first entry of the buffer in response to the selected second edge;
in response to a request for a first frequency change to the first clock signal, selecting a third edge of the second clock signal to maintain the minimum setup time; and
accessing the buffer in response to the selected second edge.

US Pat. No. 10,168,730

TECHNIQUE FOR SUB-MICROSECOND LATENCY MEASUREMENT ACROSS A BUS

NovaSparks. S.A., Paris ...

1. A method for determining latency across a bus coupling a field programmable gate array (FPGA) comprising a first counter having first clock ticks with a first incrementation rate, to a processor comprising a second counter having second clock ticks with a second incrementation rate, wherein said first and second incrementation rates are not equal, the method comprising the steps of:counting, by said first counter, a first plurality of first clock ticks;
counting, by said second counter, a first plurality of second clock ticks, wherein the first counter is clocked by a first clock and the second counter is clocked by a second clock, the first clock and second clock being derived from the same clock source such that there is no drift between the first clock and second clock;
determining a calibration offset, the calibration offset being a difference in a value of the first counter and a value of the second counter at a point of calibration;
sending the first plurality of first clock ticks to the processor across the bus;
converting, using said first and second incrementation rates and the determined calibration offset, the first plurality of first clock ticks to a second plurality of second clock ticks;
determining the difference between the second plurality of second clock ticks and the first plurality of second clock ticks; and
evaluating the performance of the processing through the FPGA, the bus, and the processor, using the determined time difference.

US Pat. No. 10,168,729

APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR TEACHING CALCULATION SKILLS

Iurii Oleksandrovych Novo...

13. A system for teaching calculation skills, the system comprising:a server configured at least to store a set of mathematical problems;
at least one electronic abacus for solving the mathematical problems, the at least one electronic abacus comprising:
a plurality of beads;
a set of columns, each of the columns including a predetermined number of cells, each of the cells being configured to be occupied by one of the beads;
a communication unit for communicating with the sever via a data network;
a set of sensors configured to determine occupation of the cells by the beads;
a set of light source units, each of the light source units located within one of the cells; and
a processing unit electronically coupled to the set of sensors and the set of the light source units, the processing unit being configured to:
receive, via the communication unit from the server, at least one array of integer numbers, each of the integer numbers representing an intermediate result of solving of a sequence of mathematical operations, the sequence of the mathematical operations representing one of the mathematical problems, the sequence of mathematical operations being displayed to a user; and
for each current number of the at least one array of integer numbers:
wait for a pre-determined time to allow the user to move the beads to solve a current operation from the sequence of mathematical operations;
determine, via the set of sensors, occupation of the cells by the beads;
translate the occupation of cells into a check number;
compare the check number to the current number to determine whether the current operation is solved correctly;
determine, based on the check number and the current number, a first subset of the cells being incorrectly occupied by the beads; and
light, with a first color, the light source units corresponding to the first subset of the cells; and
a computing device, the computing device including at least a graphical display system and a device communication unit for communicating with the server via the data network, the computing device being configured to:
receive, via the device communication unit, the sequence of the mathematical operations representing one of the mathematical problems; and
display, via the graphical display system, the sequence of the mathematical operations.

US Pat. No. 10,168,728

POWER NETWORK SYSTEM, POWER IDENTIFICATION METHOD, AND POWER ROUTER

NEC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A power network system comprising:a plurality of power cells each comprising a power router for an asynchronous connection with an external power system, wherein
the power router comprises:
a DC (direct current) bus whose voltage is controlled to be maintained at a voltage level;
a plurality of input/output terminal parts, having one end connected to the DC bus and another end communicatively coupled to a connection partner, each of the plurality of input/output terminal parts allowing flow of power between the DC bus and the connection partner to flow bi-directionally; and
a control unit for controlling the plurality of input/output terminal parts, wherein a plurality of power routers including at least a first power router and a second power router are connected through respective input/output terminal parts in a multi-stage configuration,
in a state where:
one input/output terminal part in the first power router is a first power transmission source;
one input/output terminal part in the second power router is a second power transmission source; and
another input/output terminal part in the second power router is a power transmission destination,
a predetermined amount of power is transmitted to the input/output terminal part of the power transmission destination through a first input/output terminal part, the input/output terminal part of the second power transmission source, and the DC bus in the second power router, the first input/output terminal part being an input/output terminal part among the plurality of input/output terminal parts in the second power router that receives power from the first power transmission source, and
the power network system comprises power information about power in the input/output terminal part of the power transmission destination, the power information including:
identification information of the first power transmission source; and
an intermediate measurement value, the intermediate measurement value being a measurement value of power received in the first input/output terminal part in a predetermined time period, and wherein,
the power network system further comprises a central control device connected to the plurality of power routers through a network, wherein
the input/output terminal part measures received power and notifies the control unit of the measured measurement value,
the control unit generates a measurement tag including the notified measurement value, a measurement time period, identification information of the measured input/output terminal part, and identification information of the power router, and transmits the generated measurement tag to the central control device, and
the central control device generates the power information based on the measurement tag received from the control unit of each power router through which the predetermined amount of power is transmitted, and wherein
the control unit transmits the measurement tag to the central control device while making the status of the measurement tag an undetermined status, and
the central control device changes the status of the received measurement tag to a determined status when there is no abnormality related to an input/output terminal part corresponding to the measurement tag in a measurement time period included in the measurement tag, and stores that measurement tag into a storage device.

US Pat. No. 10,168,727

ADAPTIVE LOW-DROPOUT REGULATOR HAVING WIDE VOLTAGE ENDURANCE RANGE, CHIP AND TERMINAL

VANCHIP (TIANJIN) TECHNOL...

1. An adaptive low-dropout regulator having a wide voltage endurance range, comprising: a power supply voltage tracker, a voltage-current converter, an error amplifier, a current mirror circuit, and a dynamic voltage divider, whereinone end of the power supply voltage tracker is connected to a power supply voltage, the other end thereof is connected to the voltage-current converter, and the power supply voltage tracker is configured to change with the power supply voltage;
the voltage-current converter converts a changed voltage of the power supply voltage tracker into a changed current, and inputs the current to the current mirror circuit as a reference current;
an output end of the current mirror circuit is connected to sources of two input field effect transistors in the error amplifier, and is configured to provide a bias current;
sources of two load field effect transistors in the error amplifier are connected to the power supply voltage; and
the dynamic voltage divider is connected between each of the input field effect transistors and a corresponding load field effect transistor, to dynamically withstand a voltage drop applied by the power supply voltage to the error amplifier.

US Pat. No. 10,168,725

CURRENT CLAMP CIRCUIT

NXP B.V., San Jose, CA (...

1. A current clamp circuit, comprising:a current-source circuit that receives an input signal and a bias signal and outputs an output signal, wherein a current of the output signal is controlled by the bias signal;
a current-sense circuit, connected to the current-source circuit, that receives the input and output signals, a first control signal, and the bias signal, and outputs a sensed current signal based on the first control signal and the bias signal, wherein a current of the sensed current signal is equal to the current of the output signal; and
a feedback circuit, connected to the current-sense circuit, that receives the sensed current signal, a second control signal, and a reference voltage signal, and outputs the bias signal based on the second control signal, the reference voltage signal, and the sensed current signal,
wherein the current-sense circuit comprises:
a first transistor having a drain that receives the input signal, a gate that receives the bias signal, and a source that provides an intermediate signal, wherein a current of the intermediate signal is equal to the current of the sensed current signal;
a resistive network, connected to the source of the first transistor, wherein the resistive network includes a set of series connected resistors, the intermediate signal is input to the resistive network, and the sensed current signal is output from the resistive network;
a multiplexer circuit, connected to the resistive network and the first transistor, wherein the multiplexer receives the first control signal and the intermediate signal, modifies a resistance of the resistive network based on the first control signal, and outputs a sensed voltage signal based on the modified resistance of the resistive network and the intermediate signal, and wherein the first control signal includes a set of bits corresponding to the set of resistors of the resistive network; and
an operational amplifier having first and second input terminals connected to the current-source circuit and the multiplexer circuit for receiving the output signal and the sensed voltage signal, respectively, and an output terminal connected to the resistive network,
wherein when the first transistor operates in a linear region, the multiplexer circuit modifies the resistance of the resistive network based on the first control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,168,724

APPARATUSES AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING REFERENCE VOLTAGES

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a multiplexer configured to receive a plurality of voltages and provide a selected voltage;
an operational amplifier configured to receive the selected voltage at a non-inverting input and provide a first reference voltage from an output;
a resistor coupled to the output of the operational amplifier;
a first adjustable resistor coupled to the resistor, wherein a second reference voltage is provided from between the resistor and the first adjustable resistor;
a capacitor coupled to the output of the operational amplifier and between the resistor and the first adjustable resistor; and
a second adjustable resistor coupled to the first adjustable resistor and to an inverting input of the operational amplifier, the second adjustable resistor configured to maintain a constant current through the resistor.

US Pat. No. 10,168,723

REFERENCE VOLTAGE GENERATOR BEING TOLERANT OF TEMPERATURE VARIATION

SK Hynix Inc., Gyeonggi-...

1. A reference voltage generator, comprising: a first circuit configured to generate a first sub-voltage and a second sub-voltage that are constant; and a second circuit keeping a constant voltage difference based on the first and second sub-voltages to output a reference voltage corresponding to the constant voltage difference, wherein the second circuit comprises: a first voltage generator including a first switch, and generating a first voltage based on the first sub-voltage and a threshold voltage of the first switch; and a second voltage generator including a second switch configured to control an amount of current of a power voltage applied to an output node in response to the first voltage, and forming a current path from the output node to a ground terminal based on the second sub-voltage, wherein the second switch has a threshold voltage that is lower than the threshold voltage of the first switch to keep a voltage difference between the first voltage and the second voltage, and outputs a first reference voltage corresponding to the voltage difference.

US Pat. No. 10,168,721

CONTROLLING REDUNDANT POWER SUPPLIES IN AN INFORMATION HANDLING SYSTEM

Dell Products, L.P., Rou...

1. A method of detecting and disabling a failed power supply in a redundant power supply system, the method comprising:detecting, via a first controller, an output voltage and an output current of a first power supply providing power to the redundant power supply system;
determining if the output voltage is greater than a maximum output voltage threshold;
in response to determining that the output voltage is greater than the maximum output voltage threshold, determining if the output current is equal to zero;
in response to determining that the output current is not equal to zero and not less than a common share bus current on a shared output bus, disabling the first power supply such that the first power supply does not provide power to the power supply system; and
limiting, via an in-rush current protection circuit, an in-rush current to the first power supply when the first power supply is connected to the shared output bus, wherein the in-rush current protection circuit comprises: a first switch coupled to an output of the first converter; a reverse logic buffer circuit coupled to the first switch; and a differentiator circuit coupled between the reverse logic buffer circuit and the first switch.

US Pat. No. 10,168,720

LINEAR POWER SUPPLY AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS USING SAME

Rohm Co., Ltd., Kyoto (J...

1. A linear power supply comprising:a P-channel or PNP first output transistor connected between an input terminal of an input voltage and an output terminal of an output voltage;
an N-channel or NPN second output transistor connected in parallel to the first output transistor; and
a control circuit arranged to switch between a first mode and a second mode in accordance with the input voltage, the first mode using the first output transistor as the output transistor to generate the output voltage from the input voltage, and the second mode using the second output transistor as the output transistor to generate the output voltage from the input voltage,
wherein
the control circuit includes:
a first control unit arranged to generate a first control voltage according to the input voltage so as to supply the first control voltage to the first output transistor, and
a second control unit arranged to generate a predetermined second control voltage so as to supply the second control voltage to the second output transistor, and
the first control unit includes
an upper side current source connected between the input terminal of the input voltage and a control terminal of the first output transistor so as to generate an upper side current,
a lower side current source connected between the control terminal of the first output transistor and a ground terminal so as to generate a lower side current, and
an input voltage monitoring unit arranged to turn on/off the upper side current source in accordance with the input voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,168,719

DIGITAL LOW DROPOUT REGULATOR AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A digital low dropout regulator, comprising:a voltage comparator, a counter, a decoder, a PMOSFET array, and a divider;
an output terminal of said voltage comparator is connected with a first input terminal of the counter, an output terminal of the counter is connected with an input terminal of the decoder, and an output terminal of the decoder is connected with an input terminal of the PMOSFET array, output terminals of the PMOSFET array are respectively connected with a positive input terminal of the voltage comparator and a first input terminal of the divider, an output terminal of the divider is connected to a second input terminal of the counter, and a negative input terminal of the voltage comparator receives a reference voltage;
said voltage comparator is configured to receive an actual voltage that is output by the PMOSFET array through the positive input terminal, receive a reference voltage through the negative input terminal, compare the actual voltage and the reference voltage to obtain a level signal, and transmit the level signal to the counter;
said divider is configured to calculate based on an output voltage pre-configured for said PMOSFET array and an actual voltage output by said PMOSFET array in at least two clock cycles to obtain a first value and transmit said first value to the counter, wherein the first value corresponds to a number of PMOSFETs in the PMOSFET array controlled by the decoder;
said counter is configured to generate a control signal based on said level signal and said first value and transmit said control signal to said decoder;
said decoder is configured to receive a control signal transmitted by said counter and control a number of transistors, which are switched on, in the PMOSFET array according to the control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,168,716

VALVE POSITION DEMAND SYSTEMS AND METHODS

General Electric Company,...

14. A method, comprising:obtaining a turbine system data measurement, comprising a discharge pressure error;
determining which range of a steady-state range, a diverging range, or a transient range the turbine system data measurement falls within;
controlling operation of a valve of the turbine system in a full-freeze mode when the data measurement falls within the steady-state range;
controlling the operation of the valve of the turbine system in a semi-freeze mode when the data measurement falls within the diverging range; and
controlling the operation of the valve of the turbine system in a full-operation mode when the data measurement falls within the transient range;
wherein the full-operation mode:
enables operation of the valve at a first predetermined rate;
enables selective operation of the valve from a full open position to a full closed position, and from the full closed position to the full open position;
or both;
wherein the full-freeze mode:
suspends operation of the valve for a pre-determined interval, such that no actuation of the valve occurs during the full-freeze mode; and
wherein the semi-freeze mode:
enables operation of the valve at a second predetermined rate less than the first predetermined rate;
enables selective operation of the valve from less than the full open position to less than the full closed position, and from less than the full closed position to less than the full open position;
or both.

US Pat. No. 10,168,715

BALL-BALANCING ROBOT

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A ball-balancing robot comprising:a spherical object; and
a robot main body capable of rolling the spherical object in a state in which the robot main body is placed on the spherical object, and moving along with the spherical object; wherein
the robot main body includes:
a driver that rotates the robot main body on the spherical object in a yaw direction;
a yaw-direction angular velocity sensor that detects an angular velocity of the robot main body in the yaw direction; and
a roll-direction angular velocity sensor that detects an angular velocity of the robot main body in a roll direction; and
when the robot main body is rotated about a vertical axis in the yaw direction in a state in which the robot main body is located on the spherical object in a posture in which a gravity center of the robot main body matches a vertical axis passing a center of the spherical object, and in a state in which a base axis of the roll-direction angular velocity sensor is inclined with respect to a horizon in a pitch direction, the robot main body is able to be rotated about the vertical axis in the yaw direction while maintaining a predetermined posture by making correction to cancel a detection error in the angular velocity in the roll direction generated based on the inclination of the base axis of the roll-direction angular velocity sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,168,711

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR AUTONOMOUS CONVEYANCE OF TRANSPORT CARTS

Omron Adept Technologies,...

15. An autonomously-navigating mobile robot comprising:a wheeled housing assembly including or having mounted thereon a mating feature configured for engaging with a complementary mating feature of a wheeled cart;
a drive system comprising one or more motors and steering actuators configured to provide drive and steering control for the robot;
one or more sensors configured to provide sensor data for the surrounding physical environment of the robot;
a control system and associated interface circuitry operatively associated with the drive system and the one or more sensors, and configured to:
move the robot to a specified first location, said cart being parked proximate to the first location;
detect, via first sensor data acquired by the robot after moving to the first location, a first physical feature of the cart and determine relative distances and angles for the first physical feature from the first sensor data;
maneuver the robot into a gross alignment position with respect to the cart, based on the relative distances and angles determined for the first physical feature from the first sensor data;
detect, via second sensor data acquired by the robot after moving to the gross alignment position, the first physical feature or a second physical feature of the cart and determine relative distances and angles for the first or second physical feature from the second sensor data;
maneuver the robot into a fine-alignment position with respect to the cart, based on the relative distances and angles determined for the first or second physical feature from the second sensor data;
latch to the cart after reaching the fine-alignment position; and
move to a specified second location with the cart latched to the robot in rolling engagement, and unlatch and disengage from the cart at the specified second location.

US Pat. No. 10,168,708

WIRELESS VEHICLE-TRAILER INTERFACE SYSTEM

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A vehicle, comprising:a vehicle hitch;
at least one vehicle control system;
at least one vehicle radio frequency system comprising a transceiver;
a processor communicatively coupled to the at least one vehicle radio frequency system and the at least one vehicle control system, the processor configured to:
generate a unique data packet for each of the at least one vehicle radio frequency system;
generate an instruction for each of the at least one vehicle radio frequency system to transmit the unique packet associated with the respective at least one vehicle radio frequency system;
receive, from each of the at least one vehicle radio frequency system, a distance between a corresponding receiving one of the at least one vehicle radio frequency system and a corresponding transmitting one of at least one trailer radio frequency systems based upon a time in flight of the corresponding transmitted unique packet and a corresponding response packet transmitted by the respective trailer radio frequency system;
determine a relative physical position of each of the at least one vehicle radio frequency system and each of the at least one trailer radio frequency system based upon the determined distance;
determine, based upon the determined relative physical position of each of the at least one vehicle radio frequency system and each of the at least one trailer radio frequency system, dimensions of the trailer;
determine a physical position of the vehicle hitch relative to a trailer coupler based upon the determined relative physical position of each of the at least one vehicle radio frequency system and each of the at least one trailer radio frequency system; and
generate instructions for the at least one vehicle control system to cause the vehicle to move to align the vehicle hitch with a trailer coupler of the trailer.

US Pat. No. 10,168,707

INFORMATION PROCESSING DEVICE, VEHICLE INFORMATION PROCESSING DEVICE, INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD, AND VEHICLE INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD

SUBARU CORPORATION, Toky...

1. An information processing device, comprising:circuitry configured to:acquire, from vehicles each of which has a driving assist function, use information of the driving assist function of each of the vehicles that are traveling;
calculate information indicating a use possibility of the driving assist function on the basis of the use information and a correction coefficient, wherein the correction coefficient is based on a driver operation state with respect to the driving assist function; and
transmit the information indicating the use possibility to a target vehicle of the vehicles, wherein the target vehicle uses the information indicating the use possibility to conduct a route search.

US Pat. No. 10,168,704

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING EASY-TO-USE RELEASE AND AUTO-POSITIONING FOR DRONE APPLICATIONS

Hanzhou Zero Zero Technol...

1. An aerial system, comprising:a body;
a lift mechanism coupled to the body;
an optical system controllably mounted to the body by an actuation system;
a user interface mounted on a surface of the body, the user interface including a display screen; and
a processing system coupled to the user interface, the lift mechanism, the optical system, and the actuation system, the processing system configured to:
display a plurality of operations selectable by a user on the user interface and receive a user selection of an operation to perform via the user interface, each of the plurality of operations associated with a flight trajectory and a predefined action performed by the optical system;
detect a release event in which the aerial system is released from being physically held by the user and responsively operate the lift mechanism to hover the aerial system;
detect a flight event indicating that the aerial system has been supported substantially horizontally for greater than a threshold period of time;
automatically operate the lift mechanism in a flight mode upon detecting the flight event, including:
operating the optical system to detect a target;
establishing a corresponding flight trajectory relative to the target defined by the selected operation; and
controlling the lift mechanism to move the aerial system along the established flight trajectory;
operate the optical system to perform a corresponding predefined action defined by the selected operation;
operate the aerial system in a retrieving mode when the predefined action has completed;
detect a standby event; and
operate the aerial system in a standby mode in response to detecting the standby event.

US Pat. No. 10,168,703

AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE COMPONENT MALFUNCTION IMPACT ASSESSMENT

STATE FARM MUTUAL AUTOMOB...

1. A computer-implemented method for assessing a component configured for use in autonomous vehicles, comprising:collecting, by one or more processors, operating information from a plurality of autonomous vehicles each having a plurality of components, wherein each vehicle of the plurality of autonomous vehicles includes at least one instance of the component to be assessed;
identifying, by one or more processors, occurrences of the component malfunctioning in the operating information;
determining, by one or more processors, at least one risk of malfunction associated with the component based upon the identified occurrences of the component malfunctioning;
determining, by one or more processors, at least one result of each identified occurrence of the component malfunctioning, each result indicating an impact of the occurrence of the component malfunctioning on at least one of the following: a risk of a vehicle collision or severity of a vehicle collision; and
generating, by one or more processors, a component profile for the component indicating one or more combinations of risk and impact associated with the component malfunctioning.

US Pat. No. 10,168,700

CONTROL OF AN AERIAL DRONE USING RECOGNIZED GESTURES

International Business Ma...

1. A method of controlling movement and adjusting operations of an aerial drone, the method comprising:observing, by a drone camera mounted on an aerial drone, an aerial maneuver physical gesture by a user;
performing, by the aerial drone, an aerial maneuver that correlates to the aerial maneuver physical gesture in response to the drone camera observing the aerial maneuver physical gesture by the user;
observing, by the drone camera, the user performing a physical action;
associating, by one or more processors, the physical action with a particular type of recreational activity;
adjusting, by a drone on-board computer, operations of the aerial drone based on the particular type of recreational activity;
placing, by the drone on-board computer, the aerial drone in manual mode, wherein the aerial drone is manually controlled by the user when in the manual mode;
detecting, by the drone camera, a facial expression of the user;
comparing, by the one or more processors, the facial expression of the user to a database of facial expressions;
determining, by the one or more processors, that the facial expression of the user is a facial expression of fear; and
in response to determining that the facial expression of the user is the facial expression of fear, switching, by the drone on-board computer, the aerial drone from manual mode to autonomous mode, wherein the aerial drone operates autonomously while in autonomous mode.

US Pat. No. 10,168,699

INTERACTIONS BETWEEN A VEHICLE AND A BEING ENCOUNTERED BY THE VEHICLE

VECNA TECHNOLOGIES, INC.,...

1. A method of operating an autonomous mobile robot in close proximity to a being, comprising:operating a drive system of the mobile robot to autonomously move within an environment;
providing a communication system for enabling communication between the mobile robot and the being; and
providing a controller configured to:
control operation of the mobile robot, the operation including autonomously moving the mobile robot within the environment using the drive system to perform at least one task;
detect, within received sensor data, a being within the environment that is in substantially close proximity to the mobile robot;
perform a temporal analysis on the received sensor data to generate a predicted course of the detected being;
determine, based at least in part on the predicted course of the detected being, an estimated time of arrival (ETA) of the mobile robot to a future encounter with the detected being, wherein the future encounter comprises the mobile robot and the predicted course of the detected being both being located within a common region;
generate and transmit, based at least in part on the ETA of the mobile robot to the future encounter, an acknowledgement message from the mobile robot to the detected being, wherein the acknowledgement message indicates that the mobile robot has identified the future encounter;
determine one or more modification actions to cause an adjustment in the future encounter; and
generate and transmit an announcement message from the mobile robot to the detected being, wherein the announcement message is indicative of the one or more determined modification actions and is transmitted prior to the occurrence of the future encounter.

US Pat. No. 10,168,698

AERIAL IMAGE COLLECTION

HERE Global B.V., Eindho...

1. A method comprising:collecting, at an aerial vehicle, image data depicting a terrestrial vehicle comprising a marker encoded with data for a flight command;
analyzing the image data depicting the terrestrial vehicle comprising the marker for generating the flight command, wherein the flight command comprises instructions for a flight path of the aerial vehicle; and
applying, at the aerial vehicle, the flight path in response to the flight command.

US Pat. No. 10,168,697

ASSISTANCE FOR AN AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE USING CROWD-SOURCED RESPONSES

1. A method, comprising:receiving at a control center comprising a processor and a memory, from each responder device in a plurality of responder devices, a credential for a responder profile associated with a responder;
receiving at the control center, from a vehicle, a signal for assistance, wherein the signal for assistance comprises sensor data associated with the vehicle;
communicating the sensor data from the control center to the responder devices;
receiving at the control center a plurality of responses, each of the responses being received from one of the responder devices, wherein each response indicates a possible action to be taken by the vehicle;
determining, in the control center, based at least in part on a response from among the received responses, an answer to the signal for assistance, wherein the answer indicates an action to be taken by the vehicle; and
communicating the determined answer from the control center to the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,168,696

DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF REAL-TIME RESTRICTIONS FOR REMOTE CONTROLLED VEHICLES

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A computer implemented method, comprising:determining a first geographic location of a remote controlled vehicle;
identifying a set of geographic restrictions and settings for the remote controlled vehicle, based at least in part, on a cognitive system, wherein the cognitive system includes:
a natural language processor, and
a visual processor,
the set of geographic restrictions being identified based on extracted data extracted by parsing social media input through visual processing by the cognitive system, the social media input being received by the remote controlled vehicle after the first geographic location of the remote controlled vehicle is determined;
adjusting the first geographic location of the remote controlled vehicle to a second geographic location based, at least in part, on:
the set of geographic restrictions;
predicting a set of future geographic restrictions for the remote controlled vehicle based, at least in part, on the cognitive system; and
adjusting the second geographic location to a third geographic location based, at least in part, on the set of future geographic restrictions,
wherein at least determining the first geographic location is performed by computer software running on computer hardware.

US Pat. No. 10,168,695

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING AN UNMANNED AIRCRAFT

1. A method comprising:wirelessly receiving, at a processing system of an unmanned aircraft and via a wireless receiver of the unmanned aircraft, first control signals that generated by a remote control device responsive to user input at the remote control device;
adjusting, by the processing system, a flight of the unmanned aircraft according to the first control signals;
wirelessly receiving, at the processing system and via the wireless receiver, second control signals that are generated by a network device of a cellular network, wherein the second control signals are not generated by the remote control device;
adjusting, by the processing system, the flight of the unmanned aircraft according to the second control signals responsive to a determination that the first control signals are no longer being received by the processing system;
wirelessly receiving, at the processing system and via the wireless receiver, third control signals that are generated by the remote control device responsive to other user input at the remote control device; and
adjusting, by the processing system, the flight of the unmanned aircraft according to the third control signals to position the unmanned aircraft in proximity to a transmission medium, wherein the unmanned aircraft includes a carrying system that releasably carries a communication device, and wherein a positioning of the communication device in the proximity of the transmission medium enables the communication device to be physically connected on the transmission medium to receive power via an inductive coupling.

US Pat. No. 10,168,692

PRODUCTION LINE QUALITY PROCESSES

International Business Ma...

1. A method of improving lot quality for product lots produced on a production line, the method comprising:producing a plurality of product lots via one or more production steps;
determining a quality value for each product lot;
establishing a quality benchmark;
classifying each product lot based on the quality benchmark comprising performing a functional test, including functionally testing a phase locked loop of the each product lot to determine a failure rate for each product lot, wherein product lots that have a quality value meeting the quality benchmark are classified as quality lots, and wherein product lots that have a quality value failing to meet the quality benchmark are classified as failing lots;
identifying one or more tools used in the production of the product lots, including identifying a set of quality tools and a set of suspect tools, wherein the set of quality tools comprises one or more tools used to produce the quality lots, and the set of suspect tools comprises one or more tools used to produce the failing lots;
directing routing of additional product lots by shifting production at least substantially to the set of quality tools; and
evaluating the set of suspect tools to determine a cause of failure contributed by the use of the suspect tools.

US Pat. No. 10,168,688

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR IMPLEMENTING A POINTER-GUIDED TRACKING SYSTEM AND A POINTER-GUIDED MECHANICAL MOVABLE DEVICE CONTROL SYSTEM

1. A mechanical implement movement system, comprising:a base component that is configured to impart movement to an attached implement;
a movement control device that is configured to generate movement commands to the base component for the movement of the attached implement;
a pointing device configured to allow a user to designate a point of focus to which the movement of the attached implement is directed; and
at least one sensor device in communication with the movement control device; the at least one sensor device being configured to detect the point of focus designated by the pointing device as an input to the movement control device,
the movement control device
determining an initial position of the attached implement, a final position of the attached implement proximate to the point of focus, and a scheme of movement for the attached implement from the initial position to the final position, and
generating the movement commands to the base component according to the determined scheme of movement of the attached implement.

US Pat. No. 10,168,687

CONTROL DEVICE, CONTROL PROGRAM AND CONTROL METHOD

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. A control device that controls a control system which contains a motion body and a driving source driving the motion body, comprising:a processor to implement:
an actual value obtaining part, obtaining a torque actual value and a velocity actual value, wherein the torque actual value represents a torque generated by the driving source for driving the motion body and the velocity actual value represents a velocity of the motion body;
an inferring part, which calculates an external force inferred value and a velocity inferred value every other operation period based on the torque actual value by using an operation formula of a predetermined model representing driving of the motion body, wherein the external force inferred value represents an external force generated by the control system, the velocity inferred value corresponds to the external force inferred value and represents a velocity of the motion body, and the operation formula contains items for updating the velocity inferred value and the external force inferred value such that the velocity actual value and the velocity inferred value are consistent; and
an output part, evaluating a reliability of the external force inferred value based on the velocity inferred value calculated together if the inferring part calculates the external force inferred value, and effectively outputting the external force inferred value when it is judged that there is a designated reliability,
wherein the output part judges that there is the designated reliability when a difference between the velocity inferred value and the corresponding velocity actual value is smaller than a predetermined value,
wherein the output part maintains an output value of the external force inferred value output at the previous time when judging there is no designated reliability,
where the designated reliability is dynamically decided by a setting of a disturbance observer.

US Pat. No. 10,168,686

SMART LOADER APPARATUS FOR TRUNK LID HINGE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A smart loader apparatus for a trunk lid hinge, comprising:a hinge alignment jig at which a trunk lid hinge is aligned and disposed at a predetermined position;
a smart loader of which a transfer gripper for gripping the trunk lid hinge aligned at the hinge alignment jig is disposed at a front end portion, and the smart loader includes an articulated arm for transferring the trunk lid hinge gripped by the transfer gripper to a predetermined position of a vehicle body;
a driving portion that drives the transfer gripper and the articulated arm to change a position of the transfer gripper and allows the transfer gripper to grip or release the trunk lid hinge;
a force and torque (FT) sensor installed at a portion at which the articulated arm and the transfer gripper are connected for sensing a direction of a force applied to the transfer gripper or the trunk lid hinge in an operational standby state of the articulated arm and the transfer gripper; and
a controller that controls the driving portion to move the transfer gripper in the direction of the force sensed by the FT sensor,
wherein the smart loader includes:
a fixed body fixed on a floor;
a vertically moving member disposed to be vertically movable along a rail from one side of the fixed body; and
a gas spring that elastically upwardly supports the vertically moving member through a rod inserted into a gas cylinder in which a gas is filled at a predetermined pressure,
wherein the transfer gripper is rotatably disposed at one end of the articulated arm, and another end of the articulated arm is rotatably disposed at the vertically moving member.

US Pat. No. 10,168,685

APPLICATION OF STRESS CONDITIONS FOR HOMOGENIZATION OF STRESS SAMPLES IN SEMICONDUCTOR PRODUCT ACCELERATION STUDIES

International Business Ma...

1. A computer system for applying stress conditions to a chip device comprising an integrated circuit during accelerated stress testing, the computer system comprising:one or more computer processors, one or more computer-readable storage media, and program instructions stored on the one or more of the computer-readable storage media for execution by at least one of the one or more processors, the program instructions comprising:
program instructions to partition the integrated circuit into a first region having a first functional element;
program instructions to partition the integrated circuit into a second region having a second functional element;
program instructions to apply a first stress condition to the first functional element until the first functional element is no longer operational;
program instructions to apply a second stress condition to the second functional element until the second functional element is no longer operational;
program instructions to measure a first time period between starting the program instructions to apply the first stress condition and when the first functional element is no longer operational;
program instructions to measure a second time period between starting the program instructions to apply the second stress condition and when the second functional element is no longer operational; and
program instructions to derive an acceleration model parameter based on the first stress condition and the corresponding first time period, and the second stress condition and the corresponding second time period.

US Pat. No. 10,168,684

POWER PROFILE MANAGEMENT

International Business Ma...

1. A power usage prediction and voltage modification method comprising:retrieving, by a computer processor of a mobile computing system, first power consumption data comprising a power consumption level for each power consumption device of a first plurality of power consumption devices at a first specified location, wherein said mobile computing system comprises stored first input data associated with a first user of said first plurality of power consumption devices;
monitoring, by said computer processor, usage of plumbing fixtures at said first specified location;
determining, by said computer processor based on results of said monitoring, a plumbing usage deviation value indicating that at least one plumbing fixture of said plumbing fixtures has not been used for a specified time period;
monitoring, by said computer processor via a security system, motion detectors at said first specified location;
detecting, by said computer processor based on results of said monitoring said motion detectors, motion of individuals at said first specified location;
additionally detecting, by said processor, an arming status of said security system;
generating, by said computer processor based on a received first mobile usage portfolio associated said first user and said first plurality of power consumption devices, said plumbing usage deviation value, results of said detecting, results of said additionally detecting, and said first power consumption data, a first load usage prediction report associated with said first user and said first plurality of power consumption devices;
transmitting, by said computer processor to a power provider utility for analysis, said first load usage prediction report;
determining, by said processor, that a frequency signal associated with a supply voltage retrieved from a power grid is fluctuating; and
disabling in response to said analysis of said first load usage prediction report and said determining that said frequency signal is fluctuating, by said computer processor controlling a relay of said mobile computing system, power to at least one power consumption device of said first plurality of power consumption devices thereby modifying a load on said power grid such that faster power grid response times are achieved.

US Pat. No. 10,168,683

VEHICLE ELECTRONIC RECEPTIONIST FOR COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT

International Business Ma...

1. A computer implemented method for communications management in driving vehicles comprising:determining driving context of a moving vehicle;
estimating a risk factor related to the operation of the vehicle based on the driving context;
receiving an incoming communication directed to a mobile communication device within the vehicle;
analyzing the incoming communication to determine a communication factor; and
determining an electronic action in response to the incoming communication based on the driving context, the risk factor and the communication factor,
wherein determining the electronic action includes applying an adjustable weight factor to each of the driving context, the risk factor and the communication factor in determining the electronic action, the weight factors being adjustable based on driver preferences.

US Pat. No. 10,168,682

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MANAGING LOAD-MODIFYING DEMAND RESPONSE OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION

Wellhead Power Solutions,...

1. A method for managing demand response (DR), comprising:obtaining, by a processor of a computing device, a local schedule of one or more states for energy consumption on distribution circuits within a selected region served by a distribution operator, the local schedule associating respective time periods with the one or more states including a load state, an unload state, or a combination thereof;
obtaining, by the processor, location information associated with a consumer device, wherein the location information is based on information generated by a locational tracking device integrated onboard the consumer device;
determining, by the processor, that the consumer device is located in the selected region based on the location information;
sending, by the processor, a reward incentive plan generated for the consumer device based on the local schedule;
instructing, by the processor, the consumer device to consume energy during the time period corresponding to the load state and not to consume energy during the time period corresponding to the unload state based on the local schedule;
determining, by the processor, energy consumption of the consumer device during the load state or the unload state based on energy consumption activity data received from the consumer device;
assigning, by the processor, a reward to the consumer device based on the reward incentive plan and the determined energy consumption activity data of the consumer device; and
modifying, by the processor, account information associated with the consumer device in response to assigning the reward to the consumer device.

US Pat. No. 10,168,681

DEVELOPMENT OF CERTAIN MECHANICAL COOLING PROFILES AND THEIR USE IN AN AUTOMATED OPTIMIZATION METHOD TO REDUCE ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS DURING THE COOLING SEASON

1. A method for reducing electrical energy consumption of a commercial building while maintaining occupant comfort, said method providing improved control of cooling systems wherein, for a commercial building of interest,using Trend BMS Version 963 and Cylon BMS Version 2.1, and using an industry standard Modbus over IP communications protocol, said method comprises the steps of:
encapsulating a module into said Trend BMS Version 963 and said Cylon BMS Version 2.1 such that the following steps are performed
a) determining a natural thermal lag of said building;
b) selecting a space within said building to observe internal space temperature;
c) determining internal building space setpoint for a cooling season;
d) recording, for said building, cooling system start-up time, space temperature at start-up time,
time required to reach predetermined internal space temperature set-point, external temperature data at preselected time intervals;
e) determining, from step d, a mechanical space cool-down rate (MSCR)
MSCRp=1 . . . N={(TSPt=0?Tsetpoint)/tsetpoint}p
where
Tsetpoint is an internal space temperature setpoint,
TSPt-0 is an internal space temperature at time cooling plant start-up time,
tsetpoint is time elapsed from starting temperature TSPt=0 to said setpoint Tsetpoint;
f) recording a plurality of average daily lagged external temperatures, yielding a series of MSCRp=1 . . . N values for cooling days 1 . . . N
MSCRi=?0??1ALaggedTouti±?i
wherein
MSCRi is a mechanical space cool-down rate on day i,
?0 represents a Y axis intercept of mechanical space cool-down rate and lagged external temperature,
?1 represents a slope of mechanical space cool down rate MSCRi and lagged average external temperature ALaggedTouti,
ALaggedTouti is a value of average lagged external temperature for day i
? is estimated variation;
g) recording, for a predetermined period of time, for said building, cooling plant shut-down time, space temperature of preselected internal space at shut-down time, space temperature of preselected internal space at next cooling plant start-up time, external temperature data at preselected time intervals;
h) deriving, from step g, internal space temperature changes as a function of the difference between internal space temperature and a lagged external temperature
TSPi=?0+?1(TSPi?LaggedTouti)±?i
wherein
TSPi is internal space temperature at time i,
?0 is a Y axis intercept of an internal space temperature and a difference between an internal space temperature and an external lagged temperature,
?1 is a slope of a difference between an internal space temperature TSPi and an external lagged temperature LaggedTouti at time period i,
LaggedTouti is a value of lagged external temperature, at time period i,
? is estimated variation;
i) determining a night natural cool-down profile, repeating the process outlined in g) calculating a plurality of NNCPSp=1 . . . N values for days 1 . . . N
NNCPSi=?0+?1ALaggedTouti±?i
wherein
NNCPSi is a night-time natural cool-down profile slope on day i,
?0 is a Y axis intercept of NNCPS and daily average lagged external temperature,
?1 is a slope of NNCPSi and daily lagged average external temperature ALaggedTouti
ALaggedTouti is a value of daily average lagged external temperature calculated for day i
? is estimated variation;
j) gathering at preselected intervals weather forecast for a predetermined time period, said time period extending beyond an estimated summer natural thermal lag of said building;
k) calculating at a preselected time a lagged average external temperature over a time period commencing at time of cooling plant shut-off;
l) recording internal space temperatures and external temperatures from time of cooling plant shut-off time to a preselected time of step j, and applying step h;
m) determining, from step l and a predicted lagged external temperatures in a weather forecast, internal space temperatures for predetermined time periods;
n) determining mechanical space cool-down rate for an average daily lagged external temperature using recorded external temperatures in conjunction with those from the weather forecast according to step e;
o) estimating a time to cool-down, using mechanical space cool-down rate for day i, a heating set point and an internal temperature from step l);
p) subtracting an estimated cool-down time from a preselected building occupancy start time, thereby determining a time to enable cooling system;
q) controlling cooling plant, by sending instruction to a building management system of said building to start cooling system chiller pumps,
whereby, said building management system starting said cooling system chiller pumps reduces electrical energy consumption of said commercial building while maintaining occupant comfort.

US Pat. No. 10,168,679

TOILET VENTILATION SYSTEM AND DEVICE

1. A system for toilet ventilation, comprising:a) a ventilatable toilet, comprising:
a toilet body, comprising a flush cavity;
at least one ventilation channel, which is an elongated cavity inside the ventilatable toilet, such that the ventilatable toilet comprises a rear entry aperture, which connects to the at least one ventilation channel; and
at least one ventilation aperture, which is configured to establish an airflow connection from the flush cavity to the at least one ventilation channel;
b) a ventilation line, which is connected in a first end to the rear entry aperture; and
c) a ceiling ventilation unit, comprising:
a ventilation fan, which is configured to ventilate a room, such that the ventilation fan is configured to connect to a ventilation shaft;
a ventilation pump, comprising:
an input connection, which is connected to a second end of the ventilation line; and
an output connection, which is connected to the ventilation shaft; and
a ventilation control unit, which is connected to the ventilation fan and the ventilation pump, wherein the ventilation unit comprises:
a processor;
a non-transitory memory;
an input/output component; and
a ventilation manager; all connected via
a data bus;
wherein the ventilation manager is configured to control functions of the ventilation fan and the ventilation pump;
wherein the ventilation control unit is configured to execute a ventilation program, such that the ventilation fan is activated for a predetermined first time period and the ventilation pump is activated for a predetermined second time period;
wherein the ventilation fan is configured to ventilate the room; and
wherein the ventilatable toilet is configured to ventilate, whereby an emission of odors from the toilet is reduced.

US Pat. No. 10,168,678

INTERFACING WITH LAUNDRY SERVICES AND FACILITIES

Laundry 2.0, LLC, Tampa,...

1. A computer-implemented method performed by at least one processor of a mobile computing device, the method comprising:receiving, by the at least one processor, using a wireless network interface of the mobile computing device, a plurality of beacon signals each emitted from a respective one of a plurality of laundry machines, each respective beacon signal identifying a respective laundry machine;
determining, by the at least one processor, that the mobile computing device is within a threshold distance of a particular laundry machine of the plurality of laundry machines, based on the respective beacon signal from the laundry machine exhibiting a signal level that is: i) higher than that of other beacon signals emitted from other laundry machines of the plurality of laundry machines, and ii) at least a threshold level that corresponds to the threshold distance; and
in response to determining that the mobile computing device is within the threshold distance of the laundry machine, sending a request for use of the laundry machine during a period of time.

US Pat. No. 10,168,677

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SMART SPACES

Weebee Corporation, San ...

1. A system for providing a smart space, comprising:a hub configured to receive data from at least one smart object in the smart space; and
an artificial intelligence server in communication with the hub configured to:
generate clusters of the data received from each of the at least one smart objects, each cluster comprising data received from one of the at least one smart objects during one of a plurality of time periods, wherein a plurality of clusters are generated for each of the at least one smart objects, each of the plurality of clusters for each of the at least one smart objects comprising data received during a different time period;
perform processing comprising using the clusters to detect an anomaly in the at least one smart object, the processing comprising evaluating a plurality of the clusters to identify a consistency between the clusters and/or evaluating at least one of the clusters to identify a difference between the at least one cluster and at least one other cluster, wherein detecting the anomaly comprises identifying at least one event in the data that is not within a threshold distance from any of the clusters; and
based on the processing, generate a command and send the command to the at least one smart object, thereby causing a change in an operation of the at least one smart object.

US Pat. No. 10,168,675

INDUSTRIAL MACHINE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM, INDUSTRIAL MACHINE MANAGEMENT DEVICE, INDUSTRIAL MACHINE MANAGEMENT METHOD, AND INFORMATION STORAGE MEDIUM

Kabushiki Kaisha Yaskawa ...

1. An industrial machine management system comprising:a first terminal;
a second terminal; and
an industrial machine management device, wherein
the first terminal comprises a transmitter that transmits user management information for a first industrial machine which is one of a plurality of industrial machines;
the second terminal downloads firmware selected by a user from the industrial machine management device and updates an installed firmware in a storage of the first industrial machine with the firmware which is downloaded; and
the industrial machine management device comprises:
a receiver configured to receive the serial number and the user management information from the transmitter; and
a storage that comprises a machine information database for the plurality of the industrial machines;
a register that creates a new record which includes the serial number and the manufacture management information of the first industrial machine in the machine information database when the first industrial machine, whose order has been place by the user, is produced;
a write that searches the machine information database for the record corresponding with the serial number received from the first terminal as a key, and writes the user management information which is received into the searched record;
wherein the manufacturer management information includes kind or version information on the firmware installed onto the storage of the first industrial machine;
wherein the manufacturer management information cannot be written to by the terminal and is inhibited from being changed by the user;
wherein the firmware installed onto the storage of the first industrial machine controls the operation of the first industrial machine;
wherein the kind or version information on the firmware installed onto the storage of the first industrial machine within the manufacturer management information is changed in response to updating the firmware installed onto the storage of the first industrial machine; and
wherein the second terminal displays the kind or version information on the firmware installed onto each of the plurality of the industrial machines on the display unit.

US Pat. No. 10,168,673

ANALYTIC-BASED ENERGY CONSUMPTION CONTROL

International Business Ma...

1. An apparatus comprising:an identity module that receives an appliance identifier for an appliance connected to a power outlet;
a model selection module that selects a power model for the power outlet based on the appliance identifier, the power model designating times that the power outlet is to be powered and times that the power outlet is to be unpowered;
a usage module that receives energy usage data for the power outlet;
a presence module that receives user presence data for a locale containing the power outlet;
a model update module that modifies a power model for the power outlet based on the energy usage data and the user presence data; and
a power control module that selectively provides electrical power to the power outlet according to the power model,
wherein at least a portion of the identity module, model selection module, usage module, presence module, model update module, and power control module comprise one or more of hardware and executable code, the executable code stored on one or more computer readable storage media.

US Pat. No. 10,168,671

ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM, ENERGY MANAGEMENT APPARATUS, TERMINAL, AND ENERGY MANAGEMENT METHOD

KYOCERA Corporation, Kyo...

1. An energy management system that manages energy consumption of equipment, comprising:a controller that
automatically controls the equipment so that the energy consumption by the equipment does not exceed a target value used for managing the equipment,
receives a user operation to cancel the automatic control, and,
in response to the user operation, generates and outputs a pop-up screen that comprises effect information which is information regarding an effect obtained by the automatic control.

US Pat. No. 10,168,670

INTELLIGENT SWITCHING

International Business Ma...

1. A method comprising:retrieving, by a computer processor of an intelligent switching device from a detection device comprising a video retrieval device, first detection data indicating that a first individual is located within a specified proximity of an apparatus, wherein said intelligent switching device comprises a mechanical locking device or an electromechanical locking device lockably attaching an end to end plug of said apparatus to said intelligent switching device;
retrieving, by said computer processor from said detection device, first safety gear indication data indicating that a first specified protective gear comprises a first unique marking indicating a correct type of protective gear associated with said first specified protective gear for using said apparatus, wherein said first unique marking further indicates a specified class of said first specified protective gear and a specified protection level within said specified class;
performing, by said computer processor, an optical character recognition process associated with said first unique marking, wherein results of said optical character recognition process results in decoding said first unique marking;
analyzing, by said computer processor, said first detection data, first safety gear detection data indicating that said first individual is correctly wearing said first specified protective gear, said first safety gear indication data, and said results of said optical character recognition process;
first determining, by said computer processor in response to results generated during a facial recognition process of said first individual, that said first specified protective gear is located within a specified unique zone on said first individual; and
enabling, by an enable signal generated by said computer processor in response to said analyzing and said first determining, a power signal for said apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,168,668

METHOD OF FORMING A RAREFIED HOLOGRAM FOR VIDEO IMAGING AND 3D LITHOGRAPHY

1. A method of forming a rarefied hologram for video imaging and 3D lithography comprising the steps of:providing non-holographic dynamic microelectromechanical system mirrors and liquid crystal displays (MEMS/SLM) having a surface, a plurality of pixels on the surface, seen by a viewer's eye, and placed at a fixed distance from the retina of the viewer's eye, a laser light source for illuminating the pixels of the MEMS/SLM, and a computing device, the viewer's eye pupil having a diameter;
providing an initial desired image, which has to be holographically reproduced by the MEMS/SLM as a remote virtual 3D image visible remotely by the viewer's eye;
providing a code for generation of a holographic pattern of the initial desired image and coding the initial desired image by breaking it into plurality of groups and assigning groups of MEMS/SLM pixels to predetermined groups of said plurality responsible for reproducing predetermined parts of the initial desired image;
irradiating the surface of the MEMS/SLM by a laser beam, which is emitted from the laser light source and has a coherence length equal to or greater than the diameter of the pupil of the viewer's eye;
mapping the MEMS/SLM surface by encoding and calculating only a part of the initial desired image;
controlling operations of the pixels in accordance with the code for generation of the holographic pattern perceived by the viewer's eye as a remote virtual 3D image, wherein each pixel has a light emitting spot and the step of providing a code for generation of a holographic pattern comprises changing of a phase of light reflected from the light emitting spot of each pixel; and
covering each pixel with a group of Fresnel lenses, wherein each pixel is moveable in accordance with the code of the image, and each Fresnel lens has a focal spot and a center point.

US Pat. No. 10,168,666

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming portion;
a waste toner housing container disposed on one side surface of the image forming portion,
wherein the waste toner housing container is configured to house waste toner discharged from the image forming portion;
an open/close member configured to open and close an opening provided in a side surface of an apparatus body,
wherein the open/close member is configured for mounting, and removing the waste toner housing container; and
an air blowing unit provided close to the waste toner housing container on a side surface of the apparatus body that is adjacent to the side surface on which the open/close member is provided,
wherein the air blowing unit is configured to feed air to the image forming portion from a side of the waste toner housing container toward an opposite side, and
wherein the air blowing unit include a branch member configured to separate an air flow to be fed to a space above the image forming portion and an air flow to be fed to a space below the image forming portion.

US Pat. No. 10,168,665

CARTRIDGE, AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WHICH USES CARTRIDGE

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A process cartridge comprising:a casing;
a developing roller having a roller axis, the developing roller being rotatably supported in the casing to permit rotation about the roller axis;
a photosensitive drum having a drum axis, the photosensitive drum being rotatably supported in the casing to permit rotation about the drum axis;
a first coupling member having an axis, the first coupling member including (i) a first end portion operatively connected to the developing roller, (ii) a second end portion, and (iii) a connecting portion connecting the first end portion and the second end portion; and
a second coupling member having an axis, the second coupling member (i) a first end portion operatively connected to the photosensitive drum, (ii) a second end portion, and (iii) a connecting portion connecting the first end portion and the second end portion,
wherein the first coupling member is movable between a first position in which the axis of the first coupling member is substantially parallel to the roller axis, and a second position in which the axis of the first coupling member is inclined with respect to the roller axis,
wherein the second coupling member is movable between a first position in which the axis of the second coupling member is substantially parallel to the drum axis, and a second position in which the axis of the second coupling member is inclined with respect to the drum axis,
wherein a maximum angle of inclination of the axis of the first coupling member with respect to the roller axis is about 20 degrees to about 60 degrees, and
wherein a maximum angle of inclination of the axis of the second coupling member with respect to the drum axis is about 20 degrees to about 60 degrees.

US Pat. No. 10,168,664

PROCESS CARTRIDGE INCLUDING PROTRUSION TO RECEIVE A FORCE FOR MOVING A DEVELOPER ROLLER

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A process cartridge comprising:a photosensitive drum;
a developing roller for developing a latent image on the photosensitive drum, the developing roller being movable relative to the photosensitive drum between (i) a first position in which the developing roller is positioned proximate to the photosensitive drum such that the developing roller can develop the latent image on the photosensitive drum and (ii) a second position in which the developing roller is spaced from the photosensitive drum; and
a protrusion including a bar configured to receive a force to move the developing roller from the first position to the second position, with the bar extending a greater distance in an axial direction of the developing roller than the distance the bar extends in a direction perpendicular to the axial direction of the developing roller,
wherein the process cartridge is configured such that, when the photosensitive drum is positioned on a downward side of the process cartridge with an axis of the photosensitive drum positioned downward from an axis of the developing roller and when the developing roller is positioned in the first position, the protrusion is positioned downward from the developing roller.

US Pat. No. 10,168,663

PROCESS CARTRIDGE

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. A process cartridge, comprising:a drum cartridge; and
a waste toner case configured to be detachably attachable to the drum cartridge,
wherein the drum cartridge comprises:
a development roller having: a shaft extending in an axis direction; and a roller body provided around the shaft and having a circumferential surface configured to hold toner;
a first side wall configured to support one end of the shaft of the development roller;
a second side wall configured to support the other end of the shaft of the development roller;
a photosensitive drum configured to receive the toner from the development roller;
a cleaner configured to remove the toner from a circumferential surface of the photosensitive drum; and
a conveying tube configured to convey the toner removed by the cleaner,
wherein the waste toner case is disposed on an opposite side of the photosensitive drum with respect to the development roller and is configured to store the toner removed by the cleaner,
wherein the conveying tube comprises:
a first part disposed on an opposite side of the second side wall with respect to the first side wall in the axis direction, the first part being connected to the cleaner;
a second part disposed closer to the second side wall relative to the first part, the second part being connected to the waste toner case; and
a third part configured to connect the first part with the second part,
wherein a direction in which the waste toner case is attached to or detached from the drum cartridge is equal to an extending direction in which the second part of the conveying tube extends,
wherein the extending direction is perpendicular to the axis direction,
wherein the waste toner case has a receiving part into which an end portion of the second part is inserted in the extending direction, and
wherein the conveying tube and the receiving part are movable relative to each other in the extending direction.

US Pat. No. 10,168,662

ASSEMBLY REMOVABLE STRUCTURE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. An assembly removable structure, comprising:an assembly that includes a connectable member and that is attached to and removed from a receiving member of an apparatus body in a first direction;
a connection member disposed on the apparatus body to be movable forward and backward in a cross direction that crosses the first direction, the connection member being connected to the connectable member while being in a projecting state;
a switch member that is operated independently of a lid member and that is capable of switching the connection member between a first position, in which the connection member is connected to the connectable member, and a second position, in which the connection member is removed from the connectable member, the lid member rendering the receiving member open and closed; and
a restricting device that restricts removal of the assembly while the assembly is being attached to the receiving member, the restricting device switching the switch member from the second position to the first position with an operation of the restriction.

US Pat. No. 10,168,661

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising a developing unit having a developing roller that supplies a toner to an electrostatic latent image bearing member, and a developing unit attaching portion that is provided in an apparatus main body, to or from which the developing unit is insertable or extractable, the developing unit being inserted to or extracted from the developing unit attaching portion in a state where the electrostatic latent image bearing member is attached to the apparatus main body, comprising:an insertion guide that guides the developing unit so as to be moved on a position departed from the electrostatic latent image bearing member when inserting the developing unit into the developing unit attaching portion, and positions the developing unit in an image forming position according to an insertion operation of the developing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,168,660

DEVELOPING CARTRIDGE INCLUDING FIRST GEAR AND SECOND GEAR

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A developing cartridge comprising:a casing configured to accommodate therein developing agent;
a lever movable relative to the casing between a first position and a second position, the lever being positioned at an outer surface of the casing;
a first urging member configured to urge the lever toward the first position;
a first gear rotatable about a first axis extending in a first direction, the first gear being positioned at the outer surface of the casing, the first gear including:
a first gear portion having an addendum circle; and
a second gear portion positioned at a position different from a position of the first gear portion in the first direction, the second gear portion having an addendum circle greater than the addendum circle of the first gear portion;
a second gear rotatable about a second axis extending in the first direction, the second gear being positioned at the outer surface of the casing, the second gear including:
a third gear portion engageable with the first gear portion, the third gear portion having an addendum circle; and
a fourth gear portion engageable with the second gear portion, the fourth gear portion being positioned at a position different from a position of the third gear portion in the first direction, the fourth gear portion having an addendum circle smaller than the addendum circle of the third gear portion; and
a first protrusion rotatable together with the second gear, the first protrusion contacting the lever to move the lever from the first position to the second position against urging force of the first urging member in a case where the second gear rotates in a state where the second gear portion is in engagement with the fourth gear portion.

US Pat. No. 10,168,658

FRAME FOR FORMING IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF THE FRAME

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A frame structure for an image forming apparatus, the frame structure comprising:a frame assembly configured to accommodate an image forming portion for forming an image on a recording material;
a first stay including a first welding surface welded to said frame assembly and a second welding surface welded to said frame assembly, the first stay connecting a plurality of portions of said frame assembly by welding said first welding surface and said second welding surface to said frame assembly;
a second stay including a third welding surface welded to said frame assembly and a fourth welding surface welded to said frame assembly, the second stay connecting a plurality of portions of said frame assembly by welding said third welding surface and said fourth welding surface to said frame assembly;
a third stay including a fifth welding surface welded to said frame assembly and a sixth welding surface welded to said frame assembly, the third stay connecting a plurality of portions of said frame assembly by welding said fifth welding surface and said sixth welding surface to said frame assembly;
at least one supporting portion provided on each of said first stay, said second stay and said third stay and configured to support said frame assembly on an installation surface in contact with said installation surface;
a first opposing surface formed on said frame assembly and configured to oppose said first welding surface in a direction perpendicular to a vertical direction and a second opposing surface formed on said frame assembly and configured to oppose said second welding surface in a direction perpendicular to the vertical direction, said first opposing surface and said second opposing surface being constructed so as to permit upward and downward movement of said first stay in order to adjust a position of said frame assembly to said installation surface with respect to the vertical direction in a state where said first welding surface contacts said first opposing surface and said second welding surface contacts said second opposing surface before said first stay and said frame assembly are welded;
a third opposing surface formed on said frame assembly and configured to oppose said third welding surface in a direction perpendicular to the vertical direction and a fourth opposing surface formed on said frame assembly and configured to oppose said fourth welding surface in a direction perpendicular to the vertical direction, said third opposing surface and said fourth opposing surface being constructed so as to permit upward and downward movement of said second stay in order to adjust the position of said frame assembly to said installation surface with respect to the vertical direction in a state where said third welding surface contacts said third opposing surface and said fourth welding surface contacts said fourth opposing surface before said second stay and said frame assembly are welded; and
a fifth opposing surface formed on said frame assembly and configured to oppose said fifth welding surface in a direction perpendicular to the vertical direction and a sixth opposing surface formed on said frame assembly and configured to oppose said sixth welding surface in a direction perpendicular to the vertical direction, said fifth opposing surface and said sixth opposing surface being constructed so as to permit upward and downward movement of said third stay in order to adjust the position of said frame assembly to said installation surface with respect to the vertical direction in a state where said fifth welding surface contacts said fifth opposing surface and said sixth welding surface contacts said sixth opposing surface before said third stay and said frame assembly are welded,
wherein a part of said first welding surface is welded to said first opposing surface, a part of said second welding surface is welded to said second opposing surface, a part of said third welding surface is welded to said third opposing surface, a part of said fourth welding surface is welded to said fourth opposing surface, a part of said fifth welding surface is welded to said fifth opposing surface, and a part of said sixth welding surface is welded to said sixth opposing surface so that said frame assembly is not contact with said installation surface.

US Pat. No. 10,168,657

LUBRICANT SUPPLY DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING DEVICE

Konica Minolta, Inc., Ch...

1. A lubricant supply device for supplying lubricant to an image carrier of an image forming device, the lubricant supply device comprising:a block of solid lubricant;
a lubricant supply member disposed opposing the block of solid lubricant, the lubricant supply member scraping lubricant from the block of solid lubricant and supplying the lubricant to the image carrier; and
a spring applying a biasing force to the block of solid lubricant in a second direction inclined with respect to a first direction from the block of solid lubricant towards the lubricant supply member, a component of the biasing force in the first direction pushing the block of solid lubricant against the lubricant supply member, wherein
positions of the spring and the block of solid lubricant relative to each other are such that, as the block of solid lubricant decreases due to the scraping by the lubricant supply member, the angle between the biasing force and the first direction decreases, and the component of the biasing force in the first direction increases.

US Pat. No. 10,168,656

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH CLEANING BLADE ANGLE DETECTOR AND ANGLE CHANGER

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. An image forming apparatus that forms an image by transferring a toner image to a sheet, the toner image being formed on an image carrier belt with an elastic layer on a surface, the apparatus comprising:a rigid blade which contacts with the image carrier from which the toner image has been transferred to the sheet, so as to clean residue attached on the surface of the image carrier;
an angle detector which detects an effective contact angle between the surface of the image carrier and an opposed surface of the rigid blade opposed to the image carrier;
an angle changer which changes the effective contact angle; and
a hardware processor which controls the angle changer according to a detection result by the angle detector to regulate the effective contact angle to a predetermined range,
wherein the angle detector comprises a measurement section which measures a degree of deflection of the rigid blade and a calculator which converts the degree of deflection measured by the measurement section to the effective contact angle,
the measurement section includes a strain gauge attached to the rigid blade and which generates a signal according to the degree of deflection of the rigid blade, and
a thickness of the strain gauge is equal to or less than a half of the thickness of the rigid blade.

US Pat. No. 10,168,655

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING ELECTRIC STORAGE PORTION

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:an image forming portion configured to form an image on a recording medium;
a fixing portion configured to heat the recording medium to fix the image onto the recording medium;
an electric storage portion configured to supply an electric power to a load configured to operate for image formation by the image forming portion;
a first power supply configured to supply an electric power supplied from an AC power supply to the load and the electric storage portion;
a second power supply configured to supply an electric power supplied from the AC power supply to the fixing portion; and
a controller configured to supply the electric power from the electric storage portion to the load and supply a predetermined maximum allowable power from the AC power supply to the second power supply when an image formation request for requesting image formation on the recording medium is input to the controller, wherein in a case where an electric storage remaining amount of the electric storage portion becomes lower than a predetermined value, the controller reduces the electric power supplied from the second power supply to the fixing portion lower than the maximum allowable power before the electric storage remaining amount of the electric storage portion becomes lower than the predetermined value, and thereafter switches an electric power supply to the load from the electric storage portion to the first power supply.

US Pat. No. 10,168,654

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, IMAGE FORMING METHOD AND STORAGE MEDIUM

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., Ch...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image carrying member;
a developing device which develops an electrostatic latent image formed on the image carrying member with a developer containing a toner and a lubricant;
a cleaning unit which cleans the image carrying member by pressing in contact with the image carrying member; and
a hardware processor which
obtains, with respect to each of sections formed by dividing a surface of the image carrying member in a rotating shaft direction of the image carrying member, a partial coverage indicating a percentage of a developer adhesion area from electrostatic latent image writing information for a predetermined period about the section,
obtains, as lubricant amount information on a lubricant amount in the developing device, an overall coverage which is a sum of the partial coverages of the respective sections,
sets a developer supply amount for a patch to be formed outside an image forming region on the image carrying member, based on (i) the partial coverage calculated for a section having the partial coverage of a predetermined value or less among the sections and (ii) the overall coverage,
sets the developer supply amount in such a way as to be larger as the overall coverage is higher and to be smaller as the partial coverage of the section is higher, and
causes the developing device to supply the set developer supply amount of the developer so that the patch is formed.

US Pat. No. 10,168,653

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCORPORATING SAME

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A fixing device comprising:a fixing sleeve;
a pair of holders oppositely disposed in an axial direction of the fixing sleeve to rotatably support both ends of the fixing sleeve in the axial direction;
a heater to heat the fixing sleeve;
a nip formation pad disposed between the pair of holders and having a regular crown-shaped surface abutted against an inner circumferential surface of the fixing sleeve;
a pressing member disposed opposite the fixing sleeve to form a nip with the nip formation pad in a state of abutting against the fixing sleeve, the pressing member to rotate in the state of abutting against the fixing sleeve to rotate the fixing sleeve, the nip having a width in a direction perpendicular to the axial direction of the fixing sleeve;
a pressing mechanism to press the pressing member toward the nip formation pad; and
a controller to control the pressing mechanism,
the controller controlling the pressing mechanism
in a first mode in which the pressing mechanism presses the pressing member toward the nip formation pad with a first pressing force to equalize the width of the nip in a longitudinal direction of the abutted surface, and
in a second mode in which the pressing mechanism presses the pressing member toward the nip formation pad with a second pressing force greater than the first pressing force so that the width of the nip is smaller at both ends of the nip in the longitudinal direction than at a center of the nip in the longitudinal direction.

US Pat. No. 10,168,652

ROLLER UNIT AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. A roller unit comprising:a first roller including, at one end, a shaft having a cut-out portion;
a bearing configured to support the shaft and form a space for accommodating an object disposed in the cut-out portion; and
a switching member including a shaft part configured to be disposed in the cut-out portion, and a separating part that is continuous with the shaft part and that is configured, in a case where the shaft part is disposed in the cut-out portion, to come into contact with a unit including a second roller to separate the first roller and the second roller,
wherein the separating part is configured, in a case where the shaft part rotates with the shaft and moves from the cut-out portion to the space, to come out of contact with the unit, bringing the first roller and the second roller into a state in which the first roller and the second roller push each other.

US Pat. No. 10,168,651

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WHICH SUPPLIES HEATER CURRENT ACCORDING TO PULSE MODULATION OR PHASE CONTROL DEPENDING ON POWER CONSUMPTION

Konica Minolta, Inc., Ch...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a plurality of devices that perform a series of electrostatic copying processes and each have one or more electric elements, wherein one of the devices has a heater as an electric element and fuses a toner image onto a sheet with a fusing member heated by the heater, and another of the devices is a drive circuit that controls supply of an alternating current from an alternating-current power source to the heater by switching between a pulse modulation method and a phase control method, the pulse modulation method using a duty ratio within a predetermined range, the phase control method temporarily interrupting the supply of the alternating current to the heater in half cycles of the alternating current; and
a hardware processor that:
acquires element information indicating two or more electric elements that include the heater among the electric elements of the devices;
acquires, before start of current supply to the electric elements indicated by the element information, rated power information indicating a rated power of the heater and consumption power information indicating a total consumption power of the electric elements indicated by the element information excluding the heater;
calculates a remaining power by subtracting the total consumption power from an upper power limit allocated to the image forming apparatus, and calculates, as a consumption power allocatable to the heater, a maximum power that does not exceed both the rated power indicated by the rated power information and the calculated remaining power;
obtains a duty ratio based on an assumption of current supply corresponding to the calculated maximum power according to pulse modulation, and determines whether the obtained duty ratio falls within or outside the predetermined range; and
controls the drive circuit to supply the alternating current by the pulse modulation method when determining that the duty ratio falls within the predetermined range, and controls the drive circuit to supply the alternating current by the phase control method when determining that the duty ratio falls outside the predetermined range.

US Pat. No. 10,168,650

FIXATION DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Oki Data Corporation, To...

1. A fixation device comprising:a belt member having a tubular shape with an inner circumferential surface and an outer circumferential surface, and provided to be rotatable;
a heating member arranged to face the inner circumferential surface of the belt member;
a lubricant supply device including
a lubricant holding member that includes a lubricant holding portion that holds a lubricant, an outer surface, and at least one passage extending from the lubricant holding portion to the outer surface, and
a lubricant pressurizing member that pressurizes the lubricant held in the lubricant holding portion;
a biasing member applying a biasing force causing the lubricant pressurizing member to pressurize the lubricant; and
a rotational member provided being rotatable and configured to contact with the outer circumferential surface of the belt member.

US Pat. No. 10,168,649

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCORPORATING SAME

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A fixing device comprising:an endless fixing rotator having an inner circumferential surface adhered with a lubricant;
a nip formation pad disposed inside a loop of the fixing rotator;
a pressure rotator pressed against the nip formation pad via the fixing rotator to form a nip through which an image is fixed on a recording medium; and
a lubricant transfer structure that includes at least one groove to transfer the lubricant toward a center area in a width direction perpendicular to a rotational direction of the fixing rotator, the at least one groove being disposed to extend outward from the center area at least to one or more outer edge of the fixing rotator in the width direction, and an outermost end of the at least one groove in the width direction is covered by the fixing rotator.

US Pat. No. 10,168,648

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. A fixing device comprising:a belt member used to fix an image on a recording material;
a heating source that has a facing surface facing the belt member and an opposite surface and heats the belt member;
a heat receiving member that is disposed in contact with the opposite surface of the heating source and receives heat from the heating source; and
a temperature detector that is provided on an opposite surface side of the heating source and detects temperature of the heating source without interposition of the heat receiving member between the heating source and the temperature detector,
wherein the heat receiving member has an opening on a downstream side edge or an upstream side edge in a moving direction of the belt member, and the temperature detector is configured to be in contact with the heating source via the opening.

US Pat. No. 10,168,647

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING HEAT INSULATING MEMBER IN CONTACT WITH BEARING

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A fixing device comprising:a cylindrical fixing member heated by a heat source;
a pressing member which forms a fixing nip between the pressing member and the fixing member;
a bearing which supports an end portion of the fixing member in a rotatable manner; and
a heat insulating member interposed between the bearing and the end portion of the fixing member,
wherein the heat insulating member has
a cylindrical part having a slitting groove extending along an axis direction of the cylindrical part, and
a flange part extending outward in a radial direction of the cylindrical part from one end of the cylindrical part in the axis direction,
wherein a plurality of notches are formed along an outer circumferential edge of the flange part at equal intervals in a circumferential direction of the flange part.

US Pat. No. 10,168,646

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image holding body configured to hold an image formed of toner;
a transfer member configured to be brought into contact with a continuous medium so as to transfer the image held by the image holding body to the continuous medium and that is able to be brought into contact with and separated from the image holding body; and
a controller configured to cause the transfer member to be separated from the image holding body, and after that, causes the image holding body to move so as to detect an inspection image formed on the image holding body, thereby adjusting, as image quality adjustment, a deviation of a position of the image or a deviation of density of the image to be formed,
wherein the controller causes the transfer member to be separated from the image holding body when rough adjustment of the position of the image is performed, and
wherein the controller causes the transfer member to be brought into contact with the image holding body when fine adjustment that is performed with higher adjustment accuracy than adjustment accuracy of the rough adjustment is performed.

US Pat. No. 10,168,645

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WHERE PRIMARY TRANSFER IS PERFORMED WITH ELECTRIC CURRENT FLOWING IN CIRCUMFERENTIAL DIRECTION OF INTERMEDIATE TRANSFER BELT

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:an image bearing member configured to bear a toner image;
a movable endless intermediate transfer belt that has electrical conductivity and is configured of a plurality of layers;
a current supply member configured to come into contact with the intermediate transfer belt; and
a power source configured to apply voltage to the current supply member,
wherein an electric current is made to flow in a circumferential direction of the intermediate transfer belt, the circumferential direction being a direction along a moving direction of the intermediate transfer belt, and a toner image is transferred by primary transfer from the image bearing member to the intermediate transfer belt, by applying voltage from the power source to the current supply member,
and wherein the intermediate transfer belt includes
a first layer that has ionic conductivity and is a thickest layer out of the plurality of layers making up the intermediate transfer belt with respect to the thickness direction of the intermediate transfer belt, and
a second layer that has electronic conductivity, is an innermost layer among the plurality of layers, has a lower electrical resistance than the first layer, and has surface resistivity in a range of 4.0×106 ?/? or less.

US Pat. No. 10,168,644

COMPOSITE COATING AND SUBSTRATE USED IN LIQUID ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PRINTING AND METHOD

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A method of improving adhesion of a substrate to a liquid electrophotographic (LEP) ink in LEP printing, the method comprising:coating a substrate material with a composite coating, the composite coating comprising 4.5% to 9.5% by weight of a mineral pigment and 0.5% to 2% by weight of an organic binder uniformly dispersed in an aqueous medium, the mineral pigment having a particle size less than 1 micron, the organic binder comprising a hydroxylated polymer having an average molecular weight greater than 50,000, a weight percentage of hydroxyl groups in the hydroxylated polymer being equal to or greater than a weight percentage of acidic groups in the LEP ink;
drying the composite coating on the substrate material to form a composite-coated substrate; and
printing the LEP ink on the composite-coated substrate using the LEP printing.

US Pat. No. 10,168,643

DEVELOPING APPARATUS HAVING DEVELOPER DISTRIBUTION CONTROL

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming portion comprising:
an image bearing member;
a rotatable developer bearing member configured to bear developer comprising toner and carrier, and to convey the developer to a developing area facing the image bearing member;
a regulating portion disposed to face the developer bearing member and configured to regulate an amount of the developer on the developer bearing member;
a developing container comprising a first chamber configured to supply the developer to the developer bearing member, a second chamber which is disposed to face the developer bearing member and to which the developer passing the developing area is collected from the developer bearing member, and a partition wall configured to separate the first and second chambers, the developing container being configured to store the developer in such a manner that the developer circulates between the first and second chambers;
a first conveyance screw disposed in the first chamber and configured to convey the developer in a first direction; and
a second conveyance screw disposed in the second chamber and configured to convey the developer in a second direction opposite to the first direction;
a first driving portion configured to rotatably drive the first and second conveyance screws;
a second driving portion configured to rotatably drive the developer bearing member; and
a controller configured to control the first and second driving portions,
wherein the controller is configured to execute a mode that
in a first period in a non-image forming period in which an image forming operation by the image forming portion is not executed, the first and second conveyance screws are rotatably driven by the first driving portion in a state in which the developer bearing member is not rotatably driven by the second driving portion, and
in a second period, following the first period, in the non-image forming period, the developer bearing member is rotatably driven by the second driving portion in a state in which the first and second conveyance screws are not rotatably driven by the first driving portion.

US Pat. No. 10,168,642

DEVELOPING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND PROCESS CARTRIDGE INCORPORATING SAME

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A developing device comprising:an upper developer container and a lower developer container arranged in a vertical direction, the upper developer container and the lower developer container configured to contain a developer;
a first developer conveyor configured to convey developer in the upper developer container to a first side in an axial direction of the first developer conveyor;
a second developer conveyor configured to convey developer in the lower developer container to a second side opposite the first side;
a developer-lifting area in which the developer is lifted from the lower developer container to the upper developer container;
a first drive gear configured to rotate the first developer conveyor;
a second drive gear configured to rotate the second developer conveyor;
a drive input gear configured to input a driving force to the developing device, the drive input gear coupled to the first drive gear and coupled via the first drive gear to the second drive gear to transmit the driving force to the second drive gear via the first drive gear;
a developer bearer configured to bear and convey the developer to a developing range opposing an image bearer; and
a developing drive gear configured to rotate the developer bearer, wherein
the drive input gear is configured to mesh with the developing drive gear and the first drive gear.

US Pat. No. 10,168,641

DEVELOPING DEVICE, PROCESS CARTRIDGE AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS HAVING DEVELOPER SUPPLY MEMBER PASSING THROUGH DEVELOPING OPENING

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A developing device comprising:a developer carrying member for developing an electrostatic image with a developer;
a developer container including a developer accommodating portion for accommodating the developer, a developing opening, and a developing chamber; and
a developer supplying member for supplying the developer to said developing chamber through said developing opening, wherein said developer supplying member includes a shaft member rotatably supported by said developer accommodating portion and a feeding member,
wherein said feeding member includes a first sheet which has a length L1 measured in an axial direction of said developer carrying member and a radial length R1 measured from a rotation center of said shaft member to a free end of said first sheet, and includes a second sheet which has a length L2 measured in the axial direction of said developer carrying member and a radial length R2 measured from the rotation center of said shaft member to a free end of said second sheet within an area corresponding to a length of said developing opening in the axial direction of said developer carrying member,
wherein with respect to a rotational direction of said shaft member, said first sheet is provided in a downstream side, and said second sheet is provided in an upstream side, said first sheet and said second sheet are fixed on a same surface of said shaft member in a state that a fixed end of said first sheet and a fixed end of said second sheet overlap with each other in a direction perpendicular to an axial direction of said shaft member, and
wherein when the length of said developing opening in the axial direction is L3, a shortest length from said developing opening to the rotation center of said shaft member is L4, and a shortest length from said developer carrying member to the rotation center of said shaft member is L5, the following relationships are satisfied:
L1 L4 R1

US Pat. No. 10,168,640

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS PROVIDING CONSTANT TONER LEVEL IN DEVELOPING UNIT

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a main body;
a toner cartridge attachable to and detachable from the main body, the toner cartridge being capable of accommodating therein toner; and
a process unit attachable to and detachable from the main body, the process unit comprising:
a drum unit comprising a photosensitive drum; and
a developing unit comprising a developing roller, the developing roller having a rotation axis defining an axial direction, the developing unit being movable relative to the drum unit, the developing unit comprising;
a toner supply member capable of supplying the toner to the developing roller, the toner supply member comprising a shaft rotatable, and a flexible sheet provided at the shaft; and
a frame supporting the developing roller and the toner supply member; the frame comprising:
a first chamber accommodating therein the developing roller;
a second chamber accommodating therein the toner supply member, the second chamber and the first chamber being arrayed in a horizontal direction in a state where the process unit is attached to the main body;
an inlet opening through which the toner is introduced from the toner cartridge to the second chamber in a state where the toner cartridge and the process unit are attached to the main body; and
an adjustment member positioned between the first chamber and the second chamber to partition the first chamber from the second chamber, the adjustment member having a slit allowing communication between the first chamber and the second chamber, the slit extending in a rotational direction of the toner supply member, the adjustment member being capable of adjusting movement of the toner only through the slit between the first chamber and the second chamber, the adjustment member having an upper edge and a lower edge in the attached state of the process unit to the main body,
the flexible sheet moving from the lower edge toward the upper edge while being in contact with the adjustment member by rotating the shaft, and
wherein the slit has a length in the axial direction ranging from 0.5 mm to 5.0 mm to allow the toner to pass therethrough from the second chamber to the first chamber in a case where the flexible sheet moves from the lower edge toward the upper edge, and to prevent the toner from passing through the slit from the first chamber to the second chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,168,639

DEVELOPING CARTRIDGE INCLUDING HOLDER COVER THAT COVERS HOLDER HOLDING ELECTRICAL CONTACT SURFACE

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A developing cartridge comprising:a casing configured to accommodate toner therein;
a developing roller rotatable about a first axis extending in a first direction, the developing roller being positioned at one end portion of the casing in a second direction;
a storage medium having an electrical contact surface;
a holder positioned at one end of the casing in the first direction, the holder holding the electrical contact surface, the holder having:
a first outer surface positioned at one end portion of the holder in a third direction crossing the electrical contact surface, the first outer surface holding the electrical contact surface;
a second outer surface positioned at another end portion of the holder in the third direction, the second outer surface being spaced away from the first outer surface in the third direction; and
a resilient member positioned between the first outer surface and the second outer surface, the resilient member being configured to expand and contract in the third direction, the resilient member being connected to the first outer surface and to the second outer surface, a distance between the first outer surface and the second outer surface in the third direction being configured to change by the expansion and contraction of the resilient member; and
a holder cover configured to be attached to the holder to cover at least a portion of the holder, the holder cover being configured to urge the first outer surface toward the second outer surface and to urge the second outer surface toward the first outer surface in a state where the holder cover is attached to the holder,
the resilient member having a first length in the third direction in a state where the holder cover is detached from the holder, the resilient member having a second length in the third direction smaller than the first length in a state where the holder cover is attached to the holder.

US Pat. No. 10,168,638

DEVELOPER CONTAINER HOLDER, DEVELOPER CONTAINER, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Oki Data Corporation, To...

1. A developer container holder for removably holding a developer container including a developer supply port and a shutter for opening and closing the developer supply port, the developer container holder guiding the developer container in a first direction when the developer container is attached to the developer container holder and in a second direction when the developer container is removed from the developer container holder, the developer container holder comprising:a holder that holds the developer container;
a support that supports the holder slidably within a predetermined slide region in an attachment direction in which the developer container is attached to and removed from the developer container holder; and
an elastic member placed between the holder and the support, the elastic member urging the holder in the first direction when the holder is located on a first side of a predetermined position in the slide region and in the second direction when the holder is located on a second side of the predetermined position in the slide region.

US Pat. No. 10,168,637

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS OPTICAL SCANNING CONTROLLER, AND METHOD FOR CORRECTING EXPOSURE

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a photoconductor rotatable in a direction of rotation;
an optical scanner including a light source, to drive the light source to form a latent image on a surface of the photoconductor;
a developing device to develop the latent image to form an image;
a density detector to detect variation in density of the image in the direction of rotation of the photoconductor; and
an exposure corrector to generate exposure correction data for the optical scanner to reduce the variation in density, and adjust output of the optical scanner according to the exposure correction data at a time different from a time when the exposure corrector updates the exposure correction data, wherein the exposure corrector adjusts output of the optical scanner according to the exposure correction data when a sensor signal indicating that the photoconductor returns to a home position is input while a set enable signal indicating an update of the exposure correction data is asserted.

US Pat. No. 10,168,636

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a charging member that moves;
a light source that includes a plurality of light source elements arranged at a predetermined arrangement pitch and that radiates charge-eliminating light toward the charging member;
a processing member that performs a process on a surface of the charging member at a position upstream or downstream of an irradiation region, in which the charging member is irradiated with the charge-eliminating light from the light source, in a direction in which the charging member moves;
a function member provided to enable the process of the processing member and disposed between the light source and the charging member at a position spaced from the light source, the function member facing a radiation path of the charge-eliminating light from the light source and extending in an arrangement direction in which the light source elements are arranged; and
an adjusting portion formed on a surface of the function member that faces the radiation path, the adjusting portion adjusting an amount of irradiation of the charging member by the charge-eliminating light so as to reduce a difference in the amount of irradiation between regions corresponding to arrangement positions at which the light source elements are arranged and regions between the light source elements.

US Pat. No. 10,168,635

CONDUCTIVE MEMBER, CHARGING DEVICE, TRANSFER DEVICE, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. A conductive member comprising:a conductive substrate; and
a conductive elastic layer disposed on the conductive substrate and exhibiting ionic conduction,
wherein the conductive elastic layer contains an elastic material, which contains epichlorohydrin rubber, and a layered inorganic compound, and the amount of free chlorine ions in the conductive elastic layer is 1 ?g/g or more and 80 ?g/g or less.

US Pat. No. 10,168,634

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS CAPABLE OF SETTING A PARAMETER USED IN FORMING AN IMAGE BASED ON A DETECTED CHANGE IN A VALUE OF TINT

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a plurality of forming units corresponding to respective colors, each forming unit including a photosensitive member on which a latent image is formed and a developing unit configured to develop, using a developer, the latent image formed on the photosensitive member thereby forming a developer image;
a control unit configured to change a parameter used to control a developer bearing amount and control the forming units to form a plurality of detection images according to different parameters; and
a color measurement unit configured to measure a plurality of values of tint according to the plurality of detection images formed by the forming units,
wherein the control unit is configured to calculate changes of tint based on the plurality of values of tint and to determine if a large change of tint occurs, the large change exceeding a predetermined value or being equal to the predetermined value, and
wherein the control unit configured to set an image forming parameter, used to control a developer bearing amount, based on the parameter for the detection images by which no large change occurs in tint.

US Pat. No. 10,168,633

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS HAVING IMAGE COLOR GAMUT ENLARGEMENT MODE

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, for forming an image on a recording medium based on image data, comprising:an image bearing member on which an electrostatic image is formed;
a developer bearing member configured to bear a developer for developing the electrostatic image formed on the image bearing member; and
a controller configured to be capable of executing a normal mode in which the electrostatic image formed on the image bearing member is developed by setting a peripheral velocity ratio of the developer bearing member to the image bearing member to a prescribed peripheral velocity ratio, and a color gamut enlargement mode in which a color gamut of an image to be formed on the recording medium is enlarged as compared to the normal mode by setting the peripheral velocity ratio of the developer bearing member to the image bearing member to a higher peripheral velocity ratio than the peripheral velocity ratio in the normal mode,
wherein the controller is configured to identify whether or not image color gamut information included in the image data is within a range for the normal mode, and execute the normal mode for forming an image in a case where the image color gamut information is within the range, and execute the color gamut enlargement mode in a case where the image color gamut information is outside of the range.

US Pat. No. 10,168,632

TONER FOR ELECTROSTATIC USE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A toner for electrostatic use comprisinga binder resin comprising an amorphous polyester resin having a urethane bond and a crystalline polyester resin;
a metal ion forming a chemical bond with the binder resin;
at least one colorant forming a coordinate bond with the metal ion and being supported on the binder resin through the metal ion; and
at least three elements selected from an iron element, a silicon element, a sulfur element, and a fluorine element while including at least one of an iron element, a silicon element, and a sulfur element;
wherein an amount of the iron element is about 1000 ppm to about 10000 ppm as an element concentration;
an amount of the silicon element is about 1000 ppm to about 5000 ppm as an element concentration; and
an amount of the sulfur element is about 500 ppm to about 3000 ppm as an element concentration.

US Pat. No. 10,168,631

ELECTROSTATIC IMAGE DEVELOPING TONER AND PRODUCTION METHOD OF ELECTROSTATIC IMAGE DEVELOPING TONER

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. An electrostatic image developing toner comprising toner mother particles,wherein the toner mother particle is formed by being provided with a plurality of convex portions on a toner mother particle precursor;
the toner mother particle precursor contains a vinyl resin, a crystalline resin, and a mold release agent;
the convex portion is formed with a hybrid amorphous polyester resin which is formed with a vinyl type polymerization segment and a polyester type polymerization segment both bonded together; and
the hybrid amorphous polyester resin contains constituting units of a bisphenol A-propylene oxide adduct and a bisphenol A-ethylene oxide adduct.

US Pat. No. 10,168,628

METALLIC INGOT FOR IMPACT PRESSING, CYLINDRICAL METAL MEMBER, AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTORECEPTOR

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. A metallic ingot for impact pressing,wherein a contact surface of the metallic ingot to contact a male mold in impact pressing has a maximum height roughness Rz of from 20 ?m to 50 ?m and an average length of a roughness curve element RSm of from 150 ?m to 400 ?m, the male mold is to be used in combination with a female mold in the impact pressing.

US Pat. No. 10,168,626

APPARATUS AND A METHOD OF FORMING A PARTICLE SHIELD

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. An apparatus for generating at least one particle shield comprising:a first component and a second component, wherein the first component and the second component are usable to form a first particle shield of the at least one particle shield for blocking particles from contacting a proximate surface of an object, at least one of the first component and the second component is moveable along a direction orthogonal to the proximate surface of the object, the first particle shield is substantially parallel to and physically separated from the proximate surface of the object, and the first particle shield includes an energy gradient force or a velocity dependent force.

US Pat. No. 10,168,625

IMMERSION LITHOGRAPHY SYSTEM USING A SEALED WAFER BATH

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. An apparatus comprising:a fluid container disposed over a wafer stage, the fluid container having a wall for retaining fluid over the wafer stage; and
a recess disposed adjacent the fluid container, wherein the wall of the fluid container is moveable with respect to another portion of the fluid container to allow the fluid to flow out of the fluid container and into the recess.

US Pat. No. 10,168,624

VACUUM SYSTEM FOR IMMERSION PHOTOLITHOGRAPHY

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. An extraction system configured to extract a multi-phase fluid from a part of a lithography tool, the extraction system comprising:a separator to separate the multi-phase fluid drawn from the part of the lithography tool into a gas phase and a liquid phase;
a pump device to draw the multi-phase fluid from the part of the lithography tool, the pump device comprising:
a first pump unit configured to extract gas from the separator, and
a second pump unit configured to extract liquid from the separator; and
a pressure control system configured to control a pressure within the separator by regulating an amount of gas and an amount of liquid therein, the pressure control system comprising:
a gas opening configured to allow supply of gas to the separator;
a liquid opening configured to allow supply of liquid to the separator; and
a control system configured to control a flow rate of gas to the separator and control a flow rate of liquid to the separator.

US Pat. No. 10,168,599

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TIME REVERSAL SITUATIONAL AWARENESS

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. A system for providing time reversal situational awareness, the system comprising:an input filter for receiving an input signal at a first frequency and a pump signal at a second frequency, the input filter configured to block signals at a third frequency, wherein the input signal comprises an image of an object;
a single non-linear medium directly coupled to an output of the input filter, the single non-linear medium configured to receive the input signal and the pump signal from the input filter, the single non-linear medium further configured to perform a second order operation or a third order operation on the input signal and the pump signal to generate an output signal at the third frequency, the third frequency lower than the first frequency and the second frequency, wherein the output signal includes a phase conjugate signal;
an output filter coupled to receive the output signal directly from the single non-linear medium, the output filter configured to block signals at the first frequency and at the second frequency and to generate a filtered output signal that includes only the phase conjugate signal; and
calculation circuitry configured to determine, based on the phase conjugate signal, behavior of the object prior to receipt of the input signal.

US Pat. No. 10,168,595

ELECTRODEPOSITION ELEMENT AND MIRROR DEVICE

STANLEY ELECTRIC CO., LTD...

1. An electrodeposition element comprising:a first substrate including a first base substrate made of a first material, a first member arranged on the first base substrate and made of a second material different from the first material, and an electrode arranged above the first member;
a second substrate arranged opposite to the first substrate and including an electrode;
an electrolyte layer arranged between the electrodes of the first substrate and the second substrate, the electrolyte layer including an electrodeposition material that contains silver; and
a mirror arranged on a surface of the first substrate at a side away from the electrolyte layer,
wherein the first member has a micro-prism shape including concavities and convexities, and
wherein, when a voltage is applied between the electrodes of the first substrate and the second substrate such that the first substrate side is negative and the second substrate side is positive, a reflective surface made of a silver thin film and reflecting light, which is incident from a direction normal to the first and second substrates, in a direction not parallel to the incident direction of the light is formed above the electrode of the first substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,588

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE COMPRISING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display substrate comprising:a base substrate;
a gate line on the base substrate, the gate line extending in a first direction;
a data line on the base substrate, the data line extending in a second direction which intersects the first direction;
a thin film transistor which is connected to the gate line and the data line;
a first insulating layer on the thin film transistor;
a shielding electrode on the first insulating layer;
a second insulating layer on the shielding electrode; and
a pixel electrode on the second insulating layer, the pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor,
wherein the pixel electrode has a substantially rhombus shape and overlaps an entire width defining at least one of the gate line and the data line.

US Pat. No. 10,168,587

DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device, comprising:a first light-transmissive substrate;
a second light-transmissive substrate; and
a solar cell disposed between the first and second light-transmissive substrates, wherein the solar cell includes:
a conductive wire grid polarizer disposed between the first and second light-transmissive substrates,
a surface plasmon color filter disposed between the first light-transmissive substrate and the conductive wire grid polarizer, wherein the conductive wire grid pattern layer is electrically connected to the surface plasmon color filter, and
at least one photoactive layer disposed between the surface plasmon color filter and the conductive wire grid polarizer,
wherein the second light-transmissive substrate is configured to output an image therethrough.

US Pat. No. 10,168,586

ELECTRICALLY TUNABLE OPTICAL PHASE MODULATION ELEMENT

LIQXTAL TECHNOLOGY INC., ...

1. An electrically tunable optical phase modulation element, comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate, disposed opposite to the first substrate;
a liquid crystal layer, disposed in between the first substrate and the second substrate, wherein the liquid crystal layer is adapted to have an effect of an optical phase modulation in an optically active region;
a plurality of first stripe electrodes, disposed in between the first substrate and the liquid crystal layer, wherein a voltage of each of the plurality of first stripe electrodes is independently controlled;
a first anti-mosaic layer, disposed in between the first substrate and the liquid crystal layer;
a first insulating layer, disposed in between the plurality of first stripe electrodes and the first anti-mosaic layer, such that the plurality of first stripe electrodes and the first anti-mosaic layer are electrically insulated from each other;
a plurality of second stripe electrodes, disposed in between the second substrate and the liquid crystal layer, wherein an extension direction of the plurality of first stripe electrodes intersects with an extension direction of the plurality of second stripe electrodes, and a voltage of each of the plurality of second stripe electrodes is independently controlled;
a second anti-mosaic layer, disposed in between the second substrate and the liquid crystal layer;
a second insulating layer, disposed in between the plurality of second stripe electrodes and the second anti-mosaic layer, such that the plurality of second stripe electrodes and the second anti-mosaic layer are electrically insulated from each other;
and
a controlling circuit, electrically connected to each of the plurality of first stripe electrodes and each of the plurality of second stripe electrodes; and
wherein the first anti-mosaic layer and the second anti-mosaic layer are single anti-mosaic layers that cover the optically active region entirely, and the first anti-mosaic layer is disposed in between the plurality of first stripe electrodes and the liquid crystal layer.

US Pat. No. 10,168,585

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A liquid crystal display, comprising:a lower panel electrode comprising a lower panel unit electrode;
an upper panel electrode comprising an upper panel unit electrode, which overlaps the lower panel unit electrode; and
a liquid crystal layer disposed between the lower panel electrode and the upper panel electrode,
wherein the lower panel unit electrode comprises:
a center pattern disposed at a center of the lower panel unit electrode; and
a plurality of micro branch portions which extend from the center pattern, wherein the extending directions of the plurality of micro branch portions in different regions are different from each other, and an angle between each edge side of the center pattern and the plurality of micro branch portions connected to the each edge side of the center pattern is substantially 90 degrees,
wherein a width of a gap between two adjacent micro branch portions is non-uniform, and
wherein the upper panel unit electrode comprises:
a cross-shaped opening,
wherein the cross-shaped opening comprises a rhombus-shaped opening disposed in a center portion thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,168,584

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY HAVING IMPROVED TEXTURE RESISTANCE AND SIDE VISIBILITY

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A liquid crystal display (LCD) comprising:a lower panel having a pixel electrode including at least one unit pixel electrode;
an upper panel having a common electrode including at least one unit common electrode; and
a liquid crystal layer interposed between the lower and upper panels,
wherein the unit pixel electrode includes an at least approximately diagonally oriented and parallelogram-shaped center electrode, and further includes a plurality of branches extending from the center electrode, and the common electrode includes an opening extending along a first direction which extends substantially parallel to a data line and does not include an opening extending along a second direction substantially perpendicular to the first direction, and
wherein the pixel electrode includes an opening that is disposed along the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,168,583

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:an active-element substrate having a display area and a non-display area;
a counter-substrate provided above and opposite to the active-element substrate; and
a liquid crystal provided between the active-element substrate and the counter-substrate,
the active-element substrate including:
an image signal line in the display area;
an active element connected to the image signal line in the display area;
a scanning line driving the active element and selectively supplied with a scanning high-voltage which turns on the active element and a scanning low-voltage which turns off the active element;
a supplying voltage line supplied with the scanning low-voltage, the supplying voltage line and the scanning line being located on a same laver;
a driving circuit which supplies a voltage to the image signal line and the scanning line;
a pixel electrode;
a common electrode driving the liquid crystal layer with the pixel electrode; and
a first electrode having a slit, supplied with the same voltage as a voltage of the common electrode and provided in the non-display area,
wherein
the supplying voltage line is located in the slit of the first electrode in a plan view,
the supplying voltage line and the scanning line are formed below a layer formed on the pixel electrode and a layer formed on the common electrode in the non-display area,
a voltage supplied to the supplying voltage line is fixed to the scanning low-voltage in an image display, and
a width of the supplying voltage line is greater than a width of the scanning line.

US Pat. No. 10,168,581

DISPLAY DEVICE

PANASONIC LIQUID CRYSTAL ...

1. A display device comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate facing the first substrate; and
a plurality of spacers provided between the first substrate and the second substrate,
wherein the first substrate includes:
a plurality of seats which hold the plurality of spacers, respectively;
a plurality of data lines extending in a column direction;
a plurality of gate lines extending in a row direction;
a plurality of thin film transistors each of which is formed near a respective intersection part of the plurality of data lines and the plurality of gate lines;
a plurality of pixel electrodes corresponding to a plurality of pixel regions, respectively, the plurality of pixel regions being arrayed in the row and column directions;
a common electrode that faces the plurality of pixel electrodes;
a plurality of common wirings that extend in the row direction and that are electrically connected to the common electrode;
a first insulator;
a second insulator;
a third insulator; and
a semiconductor layer, and wherein
the first insulator covers the plurality of gate lines,
the semiconductor layer is on the first insulator,
each of the plurality of data lines is partially located on the semiconductor layer,
the second insulator covers the plurality of data lines,
the common electrode is on the second insulator,
the plurality of common wirings are on the common electrode,
the third insulator covers the common electrode and the plurality of common wirings,
the plurality of pixel electrodes are on the third insulator,
at least one of the seats is in a superposition region where at least one of the gate lines, the semiconductor layer, at least one of the data lines, and at least one of the plurality of common wirings overlap on one another in a laminated direction, and
one of the at least one of the plurality of common wirings includes a bent part detouring around at least one of the plurality of seats.

US Pat. No. 10,168,580

MATERIAL OF ALIGNMENT FILMS, METHODS OF FABRICATING LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANELS AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANELS

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A material of alignment film, comprising: a polyamic acid containing aromatic fused ring structure, a polymerizable monomer containing aromatic fused ring structure, and a solvent;wherein the polyamic acid containing aromatic fused ring structure comprises: one or more than one in
whereincomprise one or a combination of more than one ofare the same or different;is a non-aromatic fused ring based group containing a cyclic unit; andthe polymerizable monomer containing aromatic fused ring structure comprises

US Pat. No. 10,168,579

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:an alignment film formed by imidizing an alignment film varnish including a first compound and a second compound; and
an electrode having a surface of Indium Tin Oxide;
wherein
the alignment film has a first surface contacting a liquid crystal layer, and a second surface contacting the electrode,
the first compound includes photodegradable polymer,
the second compound includes polyamide acid,
the second compound has a higher affinity with an Indium Tin Oxide than the first compound,
the alignment film includes a first polymer formed by imidizing the first compound and a second polymer formed by imidizing the second compound, and
the first polymer and the second polymer are phase-separated so as to dispose the first polymer on the first surface side and the second polymer on the second surface side.

US Pat. No. 10,168,578

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE COMPRISING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display substrate comprising:a base substrate having a plurality of pixel areas; and
a pixel electrode in the pixel area,
wherein the pixel electrode includes:
a bump portion defining a plurality of domains in the pixel electrode, and
at least one slit extending along and parallel to an edge of the pixel electrode in at least one domain of the plurality of domains, the at least one slit being closed by the pixel electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,168,577

DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLGOY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display panel, comprising:a first substrate comprising a first base substrate, a first alignment film disposed on the first base substrate, and a plurality of first alignment adjustment structures disposed between the first base substrate and the first alignment film, in which the first alignment film includes a plurality of first portions corresponding to the plurality of first alignment adjustment structures respectively;
a second substrate arranged opposite to the first substrate and comprising a second base substrate, a second alignment film disposed on the second base substrate, and a plurality of second alignment adjustment structures disposed between the second base substrate and the second alignment film, in which the second alignment film includes a plurality of second portions corresponding to the plurality of second alignment adjustment structures respectively; and
a liquid crystal layer disposed between the first alignment film and the second alignment film, wherein
each first alignment adjustment structure includes a first surface facing the first alignment film, and a fluctuation direction of the first surface and a fluctuation direction of each of the first portions are consistent with the alignment direction of liquid crystal molecules in the liquid crystal layer induced by the first alignment film;
each second alignment adjustment structure includes a second surface facing the second alignment film, and a fluctuation direction of the second surface and a fluctuation direction of each of the second portions are consistent with the alignment direction of the liquid crystal molecules in the liquid crystal layer induced by the second alignment film;
within one sub-pixel, alignment directions of the liquid crystal molecules induced by the first alignment film are identical, and alignment directions of the liquid crystal molecules induced by the second alignment film are identical.

US Pat. No. 10,168,576

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE, METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A transflective liquid crystal display panel comprising a transmissive region and a reflective region, comprising a first display substrate and a second display substrate opposed to each other, a liquid crystal layer being filled between the first display substrate and the second display substrate;alignment structures for a first alignment film formed on the first display substrate and a second alignment film formed on the second display substrate being configured such that phase delay of a light beam after passing through the transmissive region matches that of a light beam after passing through the reflective region when no voltage is applied to the liquid crystal display panel,
wherein the alignment structures for the first and second alignment films are configured such that an effective refractive index of the liquid crystal layer in the transmissive region is substantially twice that of the liquid crystal layer in the reflective region,
wherein, a reflection layer is formed on the second display substrate in the reflective region, and the alignment structures for the first and second alignment films are configured such that pretilt angles of liquid crystal molecules of the liquid crystal layer in the reflective region with respect to the second display substrate sequentially increase from the second display substrate to the first display substrate in a direction perpendicular to the second display substrate,
wherein, the transmissive region and the reflective region are adjacent to each other,
wherein, when no voltage is applied to the liquid crystal display panel, liquid crystal molecules closest to the second alignment film in the transmissive region and liquid crystal molecules closest to the second alignment film in the reflective region are substantially the same in alignment orientation and have a same non-zero pretilt angle; when a voltage is applied to the liquid crystal display panel, all the liquid crystal molecules in both the transmissive region and the reflective region are substantially perpendicular to the first display substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,573

BACKLIGHT ASSEMBLY AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display apparatus, comprising a backlight assembly;wherein the backlight assembly comprises a backlight; an optical film; and a frame for retaining the backlight and the optical film;
wherein the frame comprises a side wall having a first end surface, a second end surface opposite to the first end surface, a first side surface and a second side surface opposite to the first side surface; a first receiving protrusion for receiving the backlight; and a second receiving protrusion for receiving the optical film, the first receiving protrusion and the second receiving protrusion protruding from the first side surface of the side wall in a first direction;
the display apparatus further comprises:
an elastic pad on a side of the first end surface distal to the second end surface; and
a display panel on a side of the elastic pad distal to the first end surface;
wherein a peripheral portion of the optical film is between the second receiving protrusion and the elastic pad, a projection of the second receiving protrusion on a plane containing a surface of the optical film in plan view of the optical film at least partially overlaps with a projection of the peripheral portion of the optical film on the plane containing the surface of the optical film in plan view of the optical film, and a projection of the elastic pad on the plane containing the surface of the optical film in plan view of the optical film at least partially overlaps with the projection of the peripheral portion of the optical film on the plane containing the surface of the optical film in plan view of the optical film; and
the frame comprises a combining protrusion on the first end surface, the elastic pad comprises a combining recess, the combining recess in the elastic pad and the combining protrusion in the frame cooperatively configured to secure the elastic pad to the frame.

US Pat. No. 10,168,572

DISPLAY DEVICE AND BACKLIGHT SOURCE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A backlight source for use in a blue phase liquid crystal display device, comprising:a light guide plate;
a composite layer arranged at a light-exiting surface of the light guide plate and including a plurality of dielectric layers whose refractive indices decrease gradually in a direction away from the light-exiting surface of the light guide plate;
a light source arranged at a light-entering side of the light guide plate;
a reflector arranged at a side of the light guide plate away from the light-exiting surface;
a lower prism arranged at a side of the light guide plate where the light-exiting surface is located; and
an upper prism located at a side of the lower prism away from the light guide plate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,571

POLARIZING PLATE WITH PRESSURE SENSITIVE ADHESIVE, FRONT PROTECTIVE PLATE AND IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE

NITTO DENKO CORPORATION, ...

1. An image display device comprising; an image display panel and a front protective plate, whereinthe front protective plate includes: a first polarizer; an infrared reflecting layer; a pressure sensitive adhesive layer; and a transparent plate in this order,
the transparent plate has a first main surface on a viewing-side and a second main surface on an image display panel side,
the first polarizer, the infrared reflecting layer, the pressure sensitive adhesive layer and the transparent plate are laminated together, and the second main surface of the transparent plate is bonded to the pressure sensitive adhesive layer,
the image display panel includes: an image display cell; and a second polarizer disposed on a viewing-side of the image display cell,
the front protective plate is disposed on a viewing-side of the image display panel with an air gap interposed therebetween.

US Pat. No. 10,168,570

DISPLAY APPARATUS

INNOLUX CORPORATION, Mia...

1. A display apparatus, comprising:a first substrate, comprising a first base plate and a first light-shielding layer disposed on the first base plate, wherein the first light-shielding layer comprises a plurality of first light-shielding portions extending along a first direction;
a second substrate, assembled to the first substrate, and the second substrate comprising a second base plate and a second light-shielding layer disposed on the second base plate, wherein the second light-shielding layer comprises a plurality of second light-shielding portions extending along a second direction, and the second direction is different from the first direction; and
a plurality of spacers, disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,569

DISPLAY DEVICE, ADHESIVE-LAYER-INCLUDING LIGHT-DIFFUSION MEMBER, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE LIGHT-DIFFUSION MEMBER

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

13. An adhesive-layer-including light-diffusion member comprising:a light-diffusion member on a viewing side of a display medium, the light-diffusion member receiving first light entering from the display medium and emitting second light that exhibits a wider angular distribution than the first light; and
an adhesive sheet between the display medium and the light-diffusion member,
wherein
the light-diffusion member comprises:
a first substrate having light-transmitting properties;
a light-diffusion portion on a face of the first substrate facing the display medium, the light-diffusion portion having a predetermined height; and
a light-blocking layer on a part of the face of the first substrate other than where the light-diffusion portion is provided, the light-blocking layer having a thickness smaller than the predetermined height,
the light-diffusion portion comprises:
a light-emitting end face in contact with the first substrate; and
a light-incident end face facing, and being larger in area than, the light-emitting end face,
the adhesive sheet comprises:
a second substrate having light-transmitting properties; and
first and second adhesive layers, the first adhesive layer being provided on one face of the second substrate, the second adhesive layer being provided on another face of the second substrate,
the first adhesive layer adheres to the light-incident end face and partly encroaches into a space between the light-diffusion portion and the light-blocking layer, and
the face of the first substrate is separated by a shorter distance from a surface of the first adhesive layer inside the space than from the light-incident end face.

US Pat. No. 10,168,568

DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display device comprising:a display panel having a first side for displaying images;
a first polarizer arranged at a second side of the display panel that is opposite the first side for displaying images;
a functional component with a grid structure arranged at the first side of the display panel, wherein the functional component comprises a protective glass and a touch module comprising a touch sensing electrode arranged on the protective glass; and
a second polarizer arranged at a side of the functional component away from the display panel, the second polarizer being configured to scatter light rays that penetrate the second polarizer to reduce Moiré profiling caused by interference between the display panel and the grid structure of the functional component;
wherein the second polarizer comprises a base and an anti-glare layer arranged on the base, the anti-glare layer is a resin layer including inner scattering particles and the scattering particles are polymetric hollow microspheres.

US Pat. No. 10,168,567

GOA DRIVE CIRCUIT AND EMBEDDED TYPE TOUCH DISPLAY PANEL

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. A Gate Driver on Array (GOA) drive circuit, applied in an embedded touch display panel, wherein the GOA drive circuit (1) comprises a plurality of GOA units (10) which are cascade coupled in multilevel, and the nth level GOA unit comprises an output end pull down unit (400) and an output control unit (600), and both the output end pull down unit (400) and the output control unit (600) are employed to control a signal outputted by an output end (G(n)) of the nth level GOA unit, and one end of the output end pull down unit (400) is electrically coupled to a first end point (L), and the first end point (L) is loaded with a first signal, and one end of the output control unit (600) is electrically coupled to a nth clock signal (CK(n)), and as the embedded touch display panel enters signal interrupt and performs a touch scan stage, the output control unit (600) is off to cut off an output path that the nth clock signal (CK(n)) outputs to the output end (G(n)), and the output end pull down unit (400) is on to output the first signal through an output end of the GOA unit, wherein as the embedded touch display panel enters signal interrupt and performs the touch scan stage, the first signal is a signal consistent with a touch scan signal of the embedded touch display panel; andwherein the output control unit (600) comprises a first thin film transistor (NT10) and a second first thin film transistor (NT13), and both the first thin film transistor (NT10) and the second first thin film transistor (NT13) comprise a gate, a first end and a second end, and the first end of the first thin film transistor (NT10) is electrically coupled to the output end (G(n)) of the nth level GOA unit, and the second end of the first thin film transistor (NT10) receives the nth clock signal (CK(n)), and the gate of the first thin film transistor (NT10) is electrically coupled to the second end of the second first thin film transistor (NT13), and the gate of the second first thin film transistor (NT13) receives the nth clock signal (CK(n)), and the first end of the second first thin film transistor (NT13) is loaded with a voltage level of a first node Q(n); as the embedded touch display panel enters signal interrupt and performs the touch scan stage, the output control unit (600) makes both the first thin film transistor (NT10) and the second first thin film transistor (NT13) off under control of the voltage level of the first node Q(n) and the nth clock signal (CK(n)) to close the output control unit (600), wherein the first end is a source and the second end is a drain, or the first end is a drain and the second end is a source.

US Pat. No. 10,168,566

NANOCAPSULE LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A nanocapsule liquid crystal display device, comprising:a first polarization plate including:
a first base film,
a second base film,
a first polarization layer disposed between the first base film and the second base film, and
a first adhesion layer disposed on an upper surface of the second base film; a second polarization plate including:
a third base film,
a nanocapsule liquid crystal layer including a plurality of nano-sized capsules dispersed in a buffer layer, each of the plurality of nano-sized capsules including a plurality of liquid crystal molecules,
a second polarization layer disposed between the third base film and the nanocapsule liquid crystal layer, and
a second adhesion layer disposed on a lower surface of the nanocapsule liquid crystal layer; and
a substrate including:
a base substrate,
a thin film transistor disposed on the base substrate,
a passivation layer disposed on the thin film transistor,
a color filter layer disposed on the passivation layer, and
a pixel electrode and a common electrode disposed on an upper surface of the color filter layer,
wherein the substrate, including the base substrate, the thin film transistor, the passivation layer, the color filter layer, the pixel electrode and the common electrode, is disposed between the first adhesion layer of the first polarization plate and the second adhesion layer of the second polarization plate, and
wherein the second adhesion layer of the second polarization plate contacts both the pixel electrode and the common electrode of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,565

IN-CELL TOUCH DISPLAY DEVICE

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A touch display device comprising:a display panel including a first substrate and a second substrate attached to each other and opposite each other;
gate lines and data lines located on the first substrate and intersecting to define a plurality of pixel regions in a display area;
a plurality of first touch electrodes each corresponding to two or more neighboring pixel regions;
a plurality of sensing lines connected to the first touch electrodes;
a cover located on the display panel; and
at least one second touch electrode on the cover, the at least one second touch electrode corresponding to one or more touch key areas in a bezel area surrounding the display area, touch on said one or more touch key areas being sensed based on a difference between a first signal sensed from a first touch electrode amongst the plurality of first touch electrodes without the touch and a second signal sensed from the first touch electrode amongst the plurality of first touch electrodes in response to the touch.

US Pat. No. 10,168,564

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:a first frame being made of a metal and having an upper surface and a fitting claw, for being fitted with an other component, which is formed by cutting and raising a part of a sidewall part from an upper end part side to project toward one surface side of said sidewall part, said fitting claw having a base end in said upper end part of said first frame, said base end including a peripheral part having a surface and a projecting portion projecting from a portion of said surface;
a second frame being disposed to face an upper end part of said first frame, and having a lower surface that contacts said upper surface of said first frame such that said projecting portion projects toward said second frame and said surface of said peripheral part faces said second frame; and
a relief part forming a clearance between said peripheral part of said base end of said fitting claw and a part of said second frame facing said peripheral part, such that said surface of said peripheral part is exposed in said relief part and said projecting portion extends into said relief part.

US Pat. No. 10,168,562

DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device comprising:a display panel comprising an upper surface at which an image is displayed, a rear surface facing the upper surface, and a side surface connecting the upper surface and the rear surface to each other;
a mold frame disposed under the display panel and defining a first frame portion facing the rear surface of the display panel and a second frame portion extended bent downwards from side surfaces of the first frame portion; and
a guide member detachably coupled to a corner of the mold frame, the guide member defining:
a first portion thereof configured to face an outer surface of the second frame portion of the mold frame, and
the first portion extending bent in a direction away from the outer surface of the second frame portion of the mold frame to define a second portion of the guide member which is disposed further from the display panel than the first portion and disposed extending bent in an upper direction away from the first portion,
wherein within a same one of the guide member, the second portion disposed further from the display panel than the first portion is configured to face the side surface of the display panel when the first portion faces the outer surface of the second frame portion.

US Pat. No. 10,168,561

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR STRIPPING FLEXIBLE SUBSTRATE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A device for stripping a flexible substrate, comprising:a platform configured to carry a base plate on which a flexible substrate to be stripped is formed;
a pressing plate configured to be pressed onto the flexible substrate to be stripped; and
a laser generator configured to emit laser for heating the base plate, so that the flexible substrate to be stripped is decomposed on a side contacting the base plate and thus stripped;
wherein the pressing plate is provided with a negative pressure passage, the pressing plate is provided with a suction mouth which is arranged in a side of the pressing plate facing the platform and which communicates with the negative pressure passage, and the negative pressure passage extracts through the suction mouth a gas which is generated during decomposition of the flexible substrate to be stripped on a side contacting the base plate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,560

METHOD OF CONTROLLING AN ACTIVE FILTERING DEVICE

Essilor International, C...

1. A method of controlling an active filtering device comprising an active filter and a filter controller arranged to control the active filter, the method comprising:obtaining a wearer location;
obtaining a luminous cartography relating to light sources in an environment of the wearer, the luminous cartography depending at least on the location of the wearer;
determining at least one part of a light exposure profile of the wearer based at least on the luminous cartography and on the wearer location; and
controlling an active filter by the filter controller according to the determined light exposure profile of the wearer.

US Pat. No. 10,168,559

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DETECTING SYSTEM AND A METHOD THEREOF

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A liquid crystal display (LCD) detecting system, comprising:a timing control (TCON) IC, comprising:
a process unit to receive lock signal;
a detecting control unit connected with the process unit; and
a point-to-point transmission unit connected with the detecting control unit;
wherein the detecting control unit detects mode of the point-to-point transmission unit to judge whether all driver ICs can normally lock clock signal accordingly, time of the TCON IC performing clock training is compared with a predetermined value to produce a detecting result, and sends a control signal to the process unit;
wherein the process unit makes the TCON IC to transmit timing control signal based on the received control signal and starts to transmit normal RGB data to the LCD displaying unit;
wherein priority of the control signal transmitted by the detecting control unit is higher than that of the lock signal;
wherein the control signal is sent to the process unit when the detecting result indicating a timing parameter of clock training is larger than the predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 10,168,558

CHAMBER SEALING MECHANISM AND PRESSURIZATION BUBBLE-ELIMINATING EQUIPMENT

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A chamber sealing mechanism comprising an annular groove and a sealing ring, wherein the sealing ring and the annular groove are connected to form a closed cavity; the annular groove is provided with a gas charging valve that communicates with the closed cavity and is configured to charge air into the closed cavity and discharge air from the closed cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,168,557

T-SHAPED CIRCULATOR BASED ON A TWO-DIMENSIONAL PHOTONIC CRYSTAL WITH A SQUARE LATTICE

1. A T-shaped circulator device based on a two-dimensional photonic crystal with a square lattice, the device comprising a two-dimensional photonic crystal in which are inserted three waveguides and a single resonant cavity and it performs a transmission of electromagnetic signals in a given direction (clockwise or counterclockwise), with the direction being determined by a sign of an external DC magnetic field applied to the device, wherein the resonant cavity has a simplified structure, consisting of a single ferrite cylinder and two cylinders near the dielectric ferrite with enlarged diameters when compared to other cylinders that make up the photonic crystal.

US Pat. No. 10,168,556

FARADAY ROTATOR AND OPTICAL ISOLATOR BASED ON THIS FARADAY ROTATOR

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A method of making a Faraday rotator, the method comprising:providing a ceramics sintered compact represented by Tb3Ga5O12 having a mean grain diameter of 0.2-5.0 micrometers;
polishing or grinding the ceramics sintered compact; and
annealing the ceramics sintered compact at a temperature in a range of 1400-1700° C. after the polishing or grinding of the ceramics sintered compact
wherein the Faraday rotator has an extinction ratio of 38 dB or higher with respect to a transmitted light beam of a wavelength of 1064 nm and a beam diameter of 0.3 mm or greater.

US Pat. No. 10,168,554

PHOTOCHROMIC LENS

TALEX OPTICAL CO., LTD., ...

1. A photochromic lens for eyeglasses comprising a resin lens plastic base layer and a polarizing film integral with the resin lens plastic base layer, whereby the photochromic lens is polarized,wherein the resin lens plastic base layer comprises 100 parts by mass of a polyurethane resin, and 0.05 to 0.12 parts by mass of a spirooxazine photochromic compound expressed by Chemical Formula 1 below

wherein the spirooxazine photochromic compound is uniformly dispersed in the resin lens plastic base layer,
wherein the polyurethane resin is obtained by adding 4,4?-methylenebis(2-chloroaniline) to a prepolymer obtained by reacting a polyisocyanate with a polyhydroxy compound to provide a mixture, and heating and curing the mixture,
wherein the resin lens plastic base layer is formed by dissolving the spirooxazine compound in tetrahydrofuran to obtain a solution, mixing the solution into the polyurethane resin to obtain a mixture, deaerating the mixture to volatilize the tetrahydrofuran to obtain a deaerated mixture, and forming the deaerated mixture into the resin lens plastic base layer by injecting the deaerated mixture into a mold, and curing the deaerated mixture,
wherein the resin lens plastic base layer has a thickness of 1 to 15 mm, and
wherein the photochromic lens is suitable as an eyeglass lens.

US Pat. No. 10,168,553

OPHTHALMIC SPECTACLE LENSES, MATERIALS AND METHOD

OptimEyes4u, Inc., Redmo...

1. An ophthalmic color-enhancing lens that provides transmittance properties which blocks UV light and some visible light, enhances blue colors, and provides enhanced perceived contrast between blue light and green light and provides enhanced perceived contrast between green light and red light, wherein, when assembled, the lens has an average visible light transmittance of the lens for wavelengths in a range of 400 nm-700 nm, the lens comprising:one or more color-absorbing materials that together provide:
a first reduced-light-transmittance zone for a first range of wavelengths that extends from 420 nm to 430 nm, wherein light transmission at any wavelength in the first range is no more than 20% of the average visible light transmittance of the lens; and
a plurality of maximum-light-transmittance zones including at least three maximum-light-transmittance zones, including a maximum-light-transmittance zone for each respective wavelength ranges of 440 to 460 nm, 540 to 560 nm, 600 to 630 nm, with each said maximum-light-transmittance-zone having at least one wavelength that is 40% to 150%, inclusive, of the average visible light transmittance of the lens, and a first contrast-enhancing reduced-light-transmittance zone in a wavelength range of 480 nm to 510 nm and a second contrast-enhancing reduced-light-transmittance zone in a wavelength range of 570 nm to 590 nm, wherein each of the first and the second contrast-enhancing reduced-light-transmittance zone has at least one wavelength having a light-transmittance value between 20% and 90%, inclusive, of the average visible light transmittance of the lens.

US Pat. No. 10,168,552

LIGHT REFLECTING LENS

VACTECH ENTERPRISE CO., L...

1. A light reflecting lens, comprising:a lens body having a front surface and a back surface opposite to each other;
a light diffusion layer which includes spread aggregates formed by spraying a dispersion of light-transmitting resinous micro-beads and which is formed on one of said front and back surfaces of said lens body, wherein the light-transmitting resinous micro-beads are made from silane polymer; and
a light-transmitting cover layer formed on said light diffusion layer,
wherein said spread aggregates have a mean aggregate size ranging from 10 ?m to 80 ?m, such that the light reflecting lens has a haze not larger than 3% and a transmittance not less than 3%.

US Pat. No. 10,168,551

ELECTRONIC EYEGLASSES AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING

Mitsui Chemicals, Inc., ...

1. An eyewear, comprising:an optical device having electro-active material; and
a temple comprising
an electronic control module that controls the optical device;
a connector box;
a first electrical connector located inside the connector box; and
a power source pack that is configured to be removably attached to the temple and that comprises
an insertion portion that is configured to be inserted into and being housed by the connector box of the temple, and
a covering portion that is configured to cover a tip of the temple when the power source pack is attached to the temple, wherein
the insertion portion includes a power source and a second electrical connector configured to establish an electrical connection between the power source and the first electrical connector of the temple,
wherein a diameter of the insertion portion is less than or equal to a diameter of the connector box, and
wherein a diameter of the covering portion is greater than or equal to a diameter of the tip of the temple.

US Pat. No. 10,168,550

SACCADE AND VERGENCE TRACKING FOR DISTANCE AUTO FOCUS ADJUSTMENT

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of forming a lens, comprising:forming a plurality of components on a lower substrate by forming a plurality of spacers directly on the lower substrate and positioning a respective component on each of the plurality of spacers;
sealing the plurality of components on the lower substrate with a sealing layer;
forming an upper substrate over the sealing layer; and
polishing the lower substrate to a lower lens curvature.

US Pat. No. 10,168,546

ZOOM LENS AND IMAGE PICKUP APPARATUS INCLUDING SAME

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

7. An image pickup apparatus comprising: a zoom lens comprising in order from an object side to an image side: a focus lens unit that moves for focus adjustment, a magnification lens group including two or more lens units that move for magnification, and a relay lens unit that does not move for magnification, wherein a correction lens unit is disposed in the focus lens unit or the magnification lens group and moves in an optical axis direction to correct displacement of an in-focus position of the zoom lens, and conditional expressions0.001 0.005<|?Skw|<0.500, and
0.001 are satisfied, where ?Skw is an amount (mm) of change in the in-focus position at a wide angle end with the correction lens unit moved by 1 mm in the optical axis direction, ?Skt is an amount (mm) of change in the in-focus position at a telephoto end with the correction lens unit moved by 1 mm in the optical axis direction, Mb is a maximum absolute value of an amount of movement of the correction lens unit for correcting displacement of the in-focus position, and Mm is a maximum absolute value of amounts of movement of the lens units in the magnification lens group; and an image pickup element that receives an optical image formed by the zoom lens, wherein conditional expressions
D=Fno×?, and
1.0

US Pat. No. 10,168,542

POLARIZED PIXELATED FILTER ARRAY WITH REDUCED SENSITIVITY TO MISALIGNMENT FOR POLARIMETRIC IMAGING

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. A method of fabrication of a polarized pixelated filter array to selectively polarize electromagnetic radiation for use with a pixelated detector having dimensions in the x and y directions for which sub-arrays of three or more pixelated detector pixels P are read out and processed to form a polarimetric image, said method comprising:selecting a size of a filter sub-array having dimensions in the x and y directions to include three or more filter pixels Q where Q>=P;
defining a non-zero probability distribution pma(x,y) that models the misalignment of the filter sub-array in the x and y directions relative to the pixelated detector as a random variable with a range of misalignment in the x and y directions;
defining a merit function including at least a first term W1*E(CN) where W1 is a weight and E(CN) is an expected value of a condition number (CN) of a data reduction matrix for the filter sub-array over the range of misalignment;
evaluating the merit function for a plurality of candidate filter sub-arrays, each grouping of P pixels in a candidate filter sub-array including at least two pixels that impart a linear polarization of different angular values;
selecting the candidate filter sub-array that minimizes the merit function; and
fabricating the polarized pixelated filter array comprising one or more of the selected candidate filter sub-arrays for use with the pixelated detector.

US Pat. No. 10,168,541

THREE DIMENSIONAL DISPLAY DEVICE COMPRISING A BUS LEAD WIRE CONNECTED TO FIRST AND SECOND BUS LINES VIA A BRANCH POINT AND LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A liquid crystal panel comprising a first substrate, a second substrate, liquid crystal sandwiched between the first substrate and the second substrate, wherein:a second substrate has a first side, a second side opposite to the first side, and a third side comprising a terminal,
the second substrate has barrier electrodes extending in a first direction and arrayed in a second direction,
a first bus line extending in the second direction along the first side, and a second bus line extending in the second direction along the second side,
a bus lead wire connected to the terminal and extending in the second direction,
the barrier electrodes are connected to the first bus line and the second bus line,
the first bus line and the second bus line are electrically connected to each other,
the bus lead wire is connected to the first bus line and the second bus line via a branch point,
the first bus line is in the same layer as the bus lead wire at the branch point and extending along the first side in the second direction, and
the second bus line and the bus lead wire are connected to each other via a bridge that is provided between the branch point and the second bus line and that is in a different layer than the second bus line.

US Pat. No. 10,168,539

ILLUMINATION OPTICAL UNIT FOR A METROLOGY SYSTEM AND METROLOGY SYSTEM COMPRISING SUCH AN ILLUMINATION OPTICAL UNIT

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. An illumination optical unit for illuminating objects to be examined by a metrology system with illumination light, comprising:an optical pupil homogenizing assembly for generating a defined intensity distribution of the illumination light over a pupil of the illumination optical unit, wherein the pupil homogenizing assembly comprises at least one micromirror array,
wherein the illumination optical unit further comprises a pupil shaping assembly in the beam path of the illumination light, in which the pupil homogenizing assembly is configured to achieve a correction of a homogenization of the illumination light from the pupil shaping assembly over the pupil of the illumination optical unit by adjustment of the at least one micromirror array.

US Pat. No. 10,168,538

SYMMETRIC MICRO-OPTIC MODULE

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A laser diode module, comprising:an array of laser emitters configured to emit light; and
an optic module comprising:
a fast-axis collimating lens arranged to receive the light from each emitter of the array of laser emitters;
a beam twister arranged to receive the light propagated through the fast axis collimating lens and to rotate the light as the light propagates through the beam twister; and
a pair of substrates, coupled to opposing sides of the fast-axis collimating lens and the beam twister, and substantially parallel to a neutral plane defined by propagation paths of the light from each emitter of the array of laser emitters, the pair of substrates having substantially the same coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) and coefficient of thermal conductivity;
the optic module configured to exhibit symmetry of thermal loading about the neutral plane when the array of laser emitters emit light at an operational power level.

US Pat. No. 10,168,536

HEAD-MOUNTED DISPLAY AND IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. A head-mounted display comprising:a mounting member that is curved in an arch shape and is able to be mounted on a head of a user;
a display casing that includes a display unit and an emission unit which is able to deflect image light from the display unit and emit the image light in a first direction, and that extends in a second direction being one side of a direction orthogonal to the first direction;
an arm member that extends from the mounting member to the display casing;
a first ball joint that connects the mounting member to the arm member;
a second ball joint that connects to the arm member at a portion closer to a side of the second direction than the emission unit in the display casing;
a first ball stud that is included in the first ball joint and that is provided with a first rod portion and a first sphere portion disposed at one end of the first rod portion;
a first socket that is included in the first ball joint, that slidably supports the first sphere portion and that is provided with a first hole portion through which the first rod portion passes;
a second ball stud that is included in the second ball joint and that is provided with a second rod portion and a second sphere portion disposed at one end of the second rod portion; and
a second socket that is included in the second ball joint, that slidably supports the second sphere portion and that is provided with a second hole portion through which the second rod portion passes,
wherein a position of the emission unit in a first position of the display casing when the first rod portion is positioned at a center of the first hole portion and the second rod portion is positioned at a center of the second hole portion, is farther from the mounting member than a position of the emission unit in a second position of the display casing when a virtual plane that is orthogonal to the first direction and the second direction and that is orthogonal to a middle of an outer periphery of the mounting member is parallel to the first direction in which the image light is emitted.

US Pat. No. 10,168,535

OPTICAL ELEMENT AND DISPLAY DEVICE

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An optical element comprising:a plurality of mirrors that are provided in parallel to each other with an interval therebetween and reflect a part of image light and external image;
a first transmittance member that is interposed between adjacent two mirrors of the plurality of mirrors; and
a second transmittance member that is provided on one of an incidence side and an exit side of the image light and the external image with respect to the first transmittance member,
wherein a surface of one transmittance member opposite to the other transmittance member among the first transmittance member and the second transmittance member is an incidence surface on which the image light and the external image are incident via a light guiding body,
wherein a surface of the other transmittance member opposite to the one transmittance member is an exit surface from which the image light and the external image are exited to an observer side,
wherein each of the plurality of mirrors is disposed so as to be inclined with respect to the incidence surface, and
wherein the plurality of mirrors include a first mirror and a second mirror whose width is narrower than a width of the first mirror.

US Pat. No. 10,168,534

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR AUGMENTED REALITY

Essilor International, C...

1. A see-through head-mounted device for a wearer, comprising:a display system for display and visualization of computer-generated information content by the wearer; and
a see-through element configured to be positioned in front of at least one eye of the wearer, through which the wearer visualizes a visual field from an environment of the wearer;
wherein the see-through element comprises a selective optical filtering means configured to at least partially hide the display system and the information content displayed by the display system from a view of an outside observer, while retaining see-through properties for the visual field of the wearer, and
wherein, to at least partially hide the display system, the selective optical filtering means comprises a high-reflection coating configured to selectively reflect at least one wavelength that, in the absence of the high-reflection coating, renders the display system visible from a point of view of the outside observer,
wherein the see-through head-mounted device is a pair of eyeglasses, and the see-through element comprises a pair of ophthalmic corrective lenses;
wherein the display system comprises a light-guide optical element embedded into one of the pair of ophthalmic lenses;
wherein the selective optical filtering means comprises a high-reflection coating provided at the front of the lens in which the light-guide optical element is embedded, wherein the high-reflection coating is such that:
to at least partially hide the display system from the view of the outside observer:
R1 is greater than or equal to R2, within a visible wavelength range or at least a part thereof, for each incidence angle, with 5 percent being less than or equal to R1 and R1 being less than or equal to 97 percent; and
to at least partially hide the display system and the information content displayed by the display system from the view of the outside observer:
R1 is greater than or equal to at least one of an average of R2 and E and a maximum of R2 and E within the visible wavelength range or at least a part thereof for each incidence angle, for an incident light with a light intensity level greater than or equal to that of a light emitted by the see-through element, with 5 percent being less than or equal to R1 and R1 being less than or equal to 97 percent;
wherein:
R1 comprises a reflection rate of the incident light stemming from the environment of the wearer on the front side of the high-reflection coating;
R2 comprises a reflection rate of the incident light stemming from the environment of the wearer by the see-through element; and
E comprises a light intensity directly emitted by the see-through element towards the environment of the wearer.

US Pat. No. 10,168,533

ELECTRO-OPTICAL APPARATUS AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An electro-optical apparatus comprising:an element substrate that includes a display region in which a plurality of pixels are arranged in a matrix form,
wherein the element substrate has a light-emitting element and a transistor which drives the light-emitting element in each pixel,
wherein the light-emitting element is disposed via an insulation layer above the transistor, and has a structure in which a reflective electrode, a protective layer, an optical path adjustment layer, a first electrode, a light-emitting layer, and a second electrode are laminated,
wherein the reflective electrode is disposed by being split in each pixel,
wherein a gap is formed between each reflective electrode that is disposed by being split in each pixel,
wherein the protective layer covers the surface on which the reflective electrode is disposed, and includes an embedded insulation film which is embedded in the gap, and
wherein a reflection enhancing layer is disposed on the surface of the reflective electrode so as to directly contact the surface of the reflective electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,168,532

DISPLAY APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE

MAZDA MOTOR CORPORATION, ...

1. A display apparatus for a vehicle, comprising:a pair of right-and-left image pickup devices to pick up respective rearward images from both side portions, in a vehicle width direction, of the vehicle;
an eyeball-position detecting device to detect a position of an eyeball of a driver;
a vehicle-speed sensor to detect a speed of the vehicle;
a pair of right-and-left optical devices respectively comprising a projector and an optical-path changer, the projector being configured to form a virtual image in front of the driver by projecting image information picked up by each of the pair of image pickup devices to a reflector, the optical-path changer being configured to adjust a position of the virtual image formed by the projector by changing an optical path of the image information; and
a controller to control the projector and the optical-path changer of each of the pair of optical devices,
wherein said controller is configured to perform the process of:
calculating a distance between the eyeball position detected by said eye-ball-position detector and a specified virtual-image display position which is located in the vicinity of a front end and right-and-left both ends, in the vehicle width direction, of a vehicle body;
controlling said pair of optical devices based on said calculated distance such that a position of said virtual images formed by the projectors matches said specified virtual-image display position;
determining whether an angle width of a visual field of the driver which is located in the vicinity of the front end of the vehicle body, which depends on the vehicle speed detected by said vehicle-speed sensor, is smaller than a lateral width of the front end of the vehicle body or not; and
correcting the virtual-image display position, when it is determined that said angle width of the visual field of the driver is smaller than the lateral width of the front end of the vehicle body, such that the virtual images of a pair of image information picked up by the pair of image pickup devices are displayed at both-end positions of the angle width of the visual field of the driver which are located in the vicinity of the front end of the vehicle body.

US Pat. No. 10,168,530

COUPLING SCHEMES FOR GIMBALED SCANNING MIRROR ARRAYS

APPLE INC., Cupertino, C...

1. A scanning device, comprising a substrate, which is etched to define:an array of two or more parallel rotating members;
a gimbal surrounding the rotating members;
first hinges, connecting the gimbal to the substrate and defining a first axis of rotation, about which the gimbal rotates relative to the substrate; and
second hinges connecting the rotating members to the gimbal and defining respective second, mutually-parallel axes of rotation of the rotating members relative to the gimbal, which are not parallel to the first axis,
wherein the gimbal is configured to couple together the two or more parallel rotating members with a coupling strength sufficient to synchronize an oscillation of the rotating members at a common resonant frequency about the respective second axes, and
wherein the rotating members, gimbal and hinges are etched so as to define a resonant mode of the oscillation having a quality factor Q, such the quality factor Q and the coupling strength ? satisfy the relation: 1/Q«|?|«1.

US Pat. No. 10,168,529

ENDOSCOPE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. An endoscope comprising:an image sensor that is provided at a front end portion of an insertion portion of the endoscope so that an image receiving surface of the image sensor is disposed to cross a longitudinal axis of the insertion portion;
a sensor holder that surrounds an outer circumference of the image sensor and holds the image sensor; and
a circuit board comprising a sensor connection portion and an electric wire connection portion, the sensor connection portion being provided with lands connected to terminals provided on a back surface of the image sensor opposite to the image receiving surface facing towards the sensor holder, the electric wire connection portion being provided with lands connected to electric wires, and the circuit board being disposed away from the sensor holder and completely separated from the sensor holder; wherein
the image sensor is held by the sensor holder in a state where a center of the image sensor is displaced from a center of the sensor holder in view along a direction parallel with the longitudinal axis of the insertion portion;
the sensor connection portion and the electric wire connection portion are connected to each other on an opposite side to a side where the center of the image sensor is located with respect to the center of the sensor holder; and
an outside edge of a connection site between the sensor connection portion and the electric wire connection portion is located on an outside of an outer circumference of the image sensor when the outside is defined to be an opposite side to an inside where the center of the image sensor is located in view along a direction parallel with the longitudinal axis of the insertion portion.

US Pat. No. 10,168,528

ENDOSCOPE

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. An endoscope comprising:a bendable bending portion provided on an insertion portion inserted into a subject;
an operation portion consecutively connected to a proximal end of the insertion portion, the operation portion being operated by an operator to bend the bending portion;
a frame body fixed in the operation portion;
a first elongated member connected to the bending portion, inserted into the insertion portion and the operation portion, and moved by operating the operation portion;
a second elongated member connected to the bending portion, inserted into the insertion portion and the operation portion, and moved by operating the operation portion;
a guide member configured to separately arrange the first elongated member and the second elongated member and guide the movement of the first elongated member along with the frame body;
a first plate-like member arranged to face the guide member to guide the second elongated member along with the guide member; and
an engagement portion formed on the guide member and including a restriction surface for restricting movement of the first plate-like member in a direction away from the guide member, the restriction surface causing the first plate-like member to engage with the guide member.

US Pat. No. 10,168,527

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS MULTI-TUBE INSPECTION OF VERTICAL TUBE BUNDLES

Clearwater Downstream Ser...

1. A method for inspecting a vertical tube bundle containing catalyst in a reactor, the method comprising:taking the reactor out of service;
draining the tube bundle;
placing a multi-tube inspection system and an inspector within the reactor in a header above the tube bundle;
simultaneously lowering a plurality of cameras through a plurality of tubes in the tube bundle, wherein each camera passes through a separate tube; and
capturing a video image of the interior of each tube of the plurality of tubes through which the cameras pass.

US Pat. No. 10,168,526

CELL CONTOUR FORMATION APPARATUS AND METHOD OF THE SAME, AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM STORING A CELL CONTOUR FORMATION PROGRAM

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A cell contour formation apparatus comprising:a cell image acquiring unit which images a cell group to be observed to acquire a phase difference cell image;
a subband image creating unit which creates, from the phase difference cell image, subband images including a low frequency image comprising low-frequency components and a high frequency image comprising high-frequency components;
a features calculating unit which calculates a local texture features from the high frequency image, the local texture features being based on at least one of (i) a feature amount, as a still image, based on randomness of a pixel value distribution in the high-band image and (ii) a feature amount based on complexity of the pixel value distribution;
a correcting unit which corrects the high frequency image on the basis of the pixel value of the low frequency image and the texture features, wherein the correcting suppresses at least one high frequency component from the high frequency image; and
a contour forming unit which forms contours of cells included in the cell group on the basis of the corrected high frequency image.

US Pat. No. 10,168,525

MULTI-WELL FOURIER PTYCHOGRAPHIC AND FLUORESCENCE IMAGING

California Institute of T...

1. An imaging device for bright field Fourier ptychographic imaging and fluorescence imaging, the imaging device comprising:a first fluorescence illumination source configured to provide excitation light of a first range of wavelengths to a transparent well;
an optical system having a pair of objectives, the pair of objectives comprising a first objective and a second objective positioned oppositely; and
an image sensor configured to receive light propagated through the optical system from the transparent well, the image sensor further configured to acquire a sequence of uniquely illuminated intensity measurements of light passing through a sample being imaged during operation in the well based on sequential illumination at different illumination angles from a variable illumination source, the image sensor further configured to acquire a first fluorescence image of the sample based on light emitted by the sample in response to excitation light of the first range of wavelengths, wherein the first objective is configured to collect light from the transparent well and the second objective is configured to focus light to the image sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,168,524

OPTICAL MEASUREMENT OF BUMP HIEGHT

KLA-TENCOR CORPORATION, ...

1. A method of generating three-dimensional (3-D) information of a sample using an optical microscope, the method comprising:varying the distance between the sample and an objective lens of the optical microscope at pre-determined steps;
capturing an image at each pre-determined step, wherein a first surface of the sample and a second surface of the sample are within a field of view of each of the captured images;
determining a characteristic value of each pixel in each captured image, wherein the characteristic value of each pixel is selected from the group consisting of: intensity, contrast and fringe contrast;
determining, for each captured image, the greatest characteristic value across a first portion of pixels in the captured image;
comparing the greatest characteristic value for each captured image to determine if a surface of the sample is present at each pre-determined step;
determining a first captured image that is focused on an apex of a bump of the sample;
determining a second captured image that is focused on a first surface of the sample based on the characteristic value of each pixel in each captured image; and
determining a first distance between the apex of the bump and the first surface, wherein the bump is a metal bump.

US Pat. No. 10,168,521

STIMULATED EMISSION DEPLETION MICROSCOPE

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. A stimulated emission depletion microscope apparatus comprising:a stimulated emission depletion light source configured to output stimulated emission depletion light;
an excitation light source configured to output excitation light;
a phase modulation type first spatial light modulator configured to modulate the stimulated emission depletion light based on a first phase pattern for shaping the stimulated emission depletion light in an annular shape;
an optical system comprising at least one of a dichroic mirror, an optical scanner, and an objective lens, the optical system configured to irradiate an observation object region with the excitation light and the modulated stimulated emission depletion light;
a detector configured to detect fluorescence generated from the observation object region; and
controller configured to determine the first phase pattern based on an inner diameter of the annular shape.

US Pat. No. 10,168,520

MICROSCOPE SYSTEM AND MICROSCOPY METHOD

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A microscope system comprising:a motor-driven stage on which is mounted a culture vessel containing one or more cell clusters, each cell cluster comprising a plurality of cells having a target molecule labeled with a fluorescent or luminescent chemical;
a low-magnification-image acquiring unit that acquires low-magnification images of the cell clusters in the culture vessel mounted on the motor-driven stage;
a cell-cluster-position detecting unit that detects the position of each cell cluster in the culture vessel by analyzing the low-magnification images acquired by the low-magnification-image acquiring unit; and
a high-magnification-image acquiring unit that, for each cell cluster, after the position of the cell cluster detected by the cell-cluster-position detecting unit is aligned with an optical axis of an objective lens, acquires a plurality of slice images of fluorescence or luminescence emitted from the cells forming the cell cluster, the plurality of slice images being acquired with a magnification of the objective lens being set at a higher magnification than a magnification of the objective lens used to acquire the low-magnification images, and the plurality of slice images being acquired at intervals along the optical axis while at least one of the motor-driven stage and the objective lens is moved so as to change, in a stepwise manner, a distance between the objective lens and the cell cluster to be different when acquiring each of the plurality of slice images,
wherein the high-magnification-image acquiring unit detects the maximum diameter of each cell cluster present in the low-magnification images acquired by the low-magnification-image acquiring unit, and sets the magnification of the objective lens used to acquire the plurality of slice images of each cell cluster based on the detected maximum diameter thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,168,519

LIGHT SHEET GENERATOR

Applied Scientific Instru...

1. A system for generating a light sheet for use in a microscope, the system comprising:a housing including four elongate internal chambers in sequential communication with each other and containing an optics system, such that a first chamber contains a first lens, a second chamber extends from the first chamber and contains a second lens, a third chamber extends from the second chamber, and a fourth chamber extends from the third chamber and contains a third lens, each chamber having a respective long axis; and
a laser source mount at a first end of the housing, the mount configured to receive a laser source and direct a laser beam down the long axis of the first chamber;
wherein the first lens is configured to focus the laser beam onto a first mirror, the second lens is configured to collimate the laser beam after reflecting from the first mirror, the second mirror is configured to scan such that the collimated laser beam is steered back and forth within a plane in a fan shape, and the third lens is configured to collimate the fan shaped laser beam into a light sheet; and
wherein the long axes of each pair of consecutive chambers form an acute angle, such that the four chambers collectively form a zig-zag pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,168,518

LASER SCANNING MICROSCOPE

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A laser scanning microscope comprising:a stage configured to have a sample placed thereon;
an objective lens that is disposed below the stage and that is configured to focus laser light from a light source onto the sample;
a scanner that is configured to scan the laser light focused by the objective lens over the sample;
a condenser lens disposed opposite the objective lens with the stage interposed therebetween;
a transmission detector that detects observation light that is generated at a condenser lens side of the sample by radiating the laser light to the sample via the objective lens, the observation light being condensed by the condenser lens; and
a light blocking cover that is disposed in an optical path between the condenser lens and the stage and that blocks external light entering the condenser lens from above the sample via the stage, wherein the light blocking cover is attached to the condenser lens, and the light blocking cover has a light-transparent opening at a central portion thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,168,515

OPTICAL MAGNIFICATION DEVICE WITH A PAIR OF BISTABLE DEFORMABLE REFLECTORS

BAE Systems PLC, London ...

1. An optical magnification device comprising:at least one pair of optically aligned deformable reflectors; and
a controller for said deformable reflectors;
wherein each reflector pair has at least two configurations,
wherein selection of a first and a second configuration of said one or more deformable reflector pairs provides pre-defined magnification states, such that in each pre-defined magnification state one reflector in a given one of the reflector pairs is substantially concave and the other reflector in the same reflector pair is substantially convex,
wherein said each deformable reflector pair comprises a first deformable reflector and a second deformable reflector,
wherein the first deformable reflector is optically aligned with the second deformable reflector,
wherein the pair of reflectors are operably linked, such that causing the first reflector to deform from a first state to a second state causes the concomitant deforming of the second reflector from its first to second state,
wherein the deformable reflectors are bistable reflectors configured to maintain both the first state and the second state while no force is applied on said deformable reflectors, and
wherein the reflectors in each pair are located at distance d apart from each other, where d?f1+f2, f1 is the focal length associated with the first state, and f2 is the focal length associated with the second state.

US Pat. No. 10,168,514

ZOOM LENS AND IMAGING APPARATUS

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A zoom lens consisting of, in order from an object side:a first lens group that has a positive refractive power and remains stationary with respect to an image plane during zooming;
a plurality of movable lens groups that move by changing distances in a direction of an optical axis between groups adjacent to each other during zooming; and
a final lens group that has positive refractive power and remains stationary with respect to the image plane during zooming,
wherein the first lens group consists of, in order from the object side, a first lens group front group that has a negative refractive power and remains stationary with respect to the image plane during focusing, a first lens group intermediate group that has a positive refractive power and moves in the direction of the optical axis during focusing, and a first lens group rear group that is set such that a distance in the direction of the optical axis between the first lens group rear group and the first lens group intermediate group changes during focusing and has a positive refractive power,
wherein the first lens group front group has, successively in order from a position closest to the object side, a negative meniscus lens that is concave toward an image side, and a negative lens,
wherein Conditional Expression (1) is satisfied,
1.84 where Naven is an average value of refractive indices of negative lenses in the first lens group front group at a d line.

US Pat. No. 10,168,513

ZOOM LENS AND IMAGING APPARATUS

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A zoom lens consisting of, in order from an object side:a first lens group that has a positive refractive power;
a second lens group that has a positive refractive power;
a third lens group that has a negative refractive power;
a fourth lens group that has a positive refractive power; and
a fifth lens group that has a positive refractive power,
wherein the first lens group and the fifth lens group remain stationary with respect to an image plane during zooming,
wherein the second lens group, the third lens group, and the fourth lens group are moved by changing distances between the lens groups and adjacent groups in a direction of an optical axis during zooming, and are positioned to be closer to the image side at a telephoto end than at a wide-angle end,
wherein a stop is provided between the fourth lens group and the fifth lens group, and
wherein Conditional Expression (1) is satisfied,
0.1 where fw is a focal length of the whole system at the wide-angle end, and
f4 is a focal length of the fourth lens group.

US Pat. No. 10,168,512

VARIABLE MAGNIFICATION OPTICAL SYSTEM, OPTICAL DEVICE, AND PRODUCTION METHOD FOR VARIABLE MAGNIFICATION OPTICAL SYSTEM

Nikon Corporation, Tokyo...

1. A variable magnification optical system comprising, in order from an object side: a first lens group having positive refractive power; a second lens group having negative refractive power; and a third lens group having positive refractive power;upon zooming from a wide-angle end state to a telephoto end state, a distance between the first lens group and the second lens group, a distance between the second lens group and the third lens group and a distance between the third lens group and an image plane being varied;
on a most image side, a fixed lens group being fixed in a position upon zooming from the wide-angle end state to the telephoto end state; and
the third lens group being moved along the optical axis upon focusing from an infinite distance object to a near distance object,
wherein the fixed lens group has positive refractive power.

US Pat. No. 10,168,511

IMAGING LENS AND IMAGING APPARATUS

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. An imaging lens consisting of, in order from an object side to an image side:a first lens group;
a stop; and
a second lens group having a positive refractive power;
the first lens group consisting of, in order from the object side to the image side:
two negative meniscus lenses having a concave surface toward the image side;
a biconcave lens; and
a biconvex lens;
the second lens group consisting of, in order from the object side to the image side:
a 2A lens group having a positive refractive power as a whole, consisting of a 2-1 positive lens, a 2-2 negative lens, and a 2-3 positive lens; and
a 2B lens group having a positive refractive power as a whole, consisting of a 2-4 positive lens, a 2-5 negative lens, and a 2-6 positive lens; and
Conditional Formula (1) below being satisfied:
0.5 wherein f2B is a focal length of the 2B lens group, and f2A is a focal length of the 2A lens group.

US Pat. No. 10,168,510

IMAGING OPTICAL SYSTEM HAVING SPECIFIED RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FOCAL LENGTH, ABBE NUMBER, AND PARTIAL DISPERSION RATIO, AND IMAGING APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An imaging optical system comprising, in order from an object side to an image side,a first lens unit which has a positive refractive power,
a second lens unit which has a negative refractive power and moves in an optical axis direction in focusing,
a third lens unit which has a positive or a negative refractive power, and
an aperture stop arranged in a position closer to the image side than the first lens unit,
wherein the third lens unit includes one or more partial lens units which are immovable during focusing and during image blur correction, each having a positive or a negative refractive power,
wherein each of the one or more partial lens units includes one or more positive lenses, and
wherein the following conditional expressions are satisfied:
?2.5 3.0
where a focal length of the first lens unit is f1, a focal length of the second lens unit is f2, an overall lens length is L, a focal length of the imaging optical system when focused on an infinite-distance object is f, a focal length of an i-th positive lens in an i-th position, among all of the one or more positive lenses, counted in order from the object side to the image side is fPi, an Abbe number and an anomalous partial dispersion ratio difference of a material for the i-th positive lens are ?dPi and ??gFPi, respectively, and a total number of the one or more positive lenses included in the one or more partial lens units is n.

US Pat. No. 10,168,509

CAMERA LENS

AAC Technologies Pte. Ltd...

1. A camera lens, comprising in order from an object side to an image side:a first lens with positive refractive power;
a second lens with negative refractive power;
a third lens with negative refractive power;
a fourth lens with positive refractive power;
a fifth lens with positive refractive power;
a sixth lens with positive or negative refractive power;
a seventh lens with negative refractive power; wherein
the camera lens satisfying the following conditions (1)˜(3):
0.02?R1/R2?1.00  (1);
3.00?R9/R10?15.00  (2);
0.50?R11/R12?1.20  (3);
where,
R1: curvature radius of the first lens' object side surface;
R2: curvature radius of the first lens' image side surface;
R9: curvature radius of the fifth lens' object side surface;
R10: curvature radius of the fifth lens' image side surface;
R11: curvature radius of the sixth lens' object side surface;
R12: curvature radius of the sixth lens' image side surface.

US Pat. No. 10,168,507

IMAGING LENS AND IMAGING APPARATUS

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. An imaging lens consisting of, in order from an object side:a first lens group that has a positive refractive power;
a second lens group that has a negative refractive power; and
a third lens group that has a positive refractive power,
wherein the first lens group has a positive lens, a positive lens, and a negative lens, successively in order from a position closest to the object side,
wherein the second lens group consists of one negative lens,
wherein the number of lenses of the third lens group is equal to or less than two,
wherein during focusing, only the second lens group moves in the optical axis direction, and
wherein Conditional Expression (1) is satisfied,
0.4<|f/f2|<1.3   (1),
where f is a focal length of the whole system in a state where an object at infinity is in focus, and
f2 is a focal length of the second lens group.

US Pat. No. 10,168,504

CAMERA MODULE FOR VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOBIS CO., LTD., ...

1. A camera module for a vehicle, comprising:a lens unit comprising one or more lenses;
a front body open on one side to accommodate the lens unit; and
a rear body bonded with the front body so as to form a space therein,
wherein the front body comprises a first composition comprising a dispersion of a first filler comprising graphite, graphene and carbon fiber in a resin matrix comprising one or more of polyamide, polyphenylene sulfide and modified polyphenylene ether,
wherein the first composition has a thermal conductivity of about 10 W/mK to about 50 W/mK as measured in accordance with ASTM E1461, a surface resistivity of about 1000 ?/square or less as measured in accordance with IEC 60093, and a specific gravity of about 1.6 to about 2.1 as measured in accordance with ASTM D792.

US Pat. No. 10,168,503

ILLUMINATING CABLE FOR ENHANCED TRACEABILITY

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method for tracing a cable using illumination, comprising:injecting a chemiluminescent solution through a port of a hollow chamber of a cable apparatus of which the cable forms a part, the chamber coupled to at least a portion of an outer surface of an insulating jacket that surrounds an outer surface of a transmission medium of the cable, a portion of the chamber comprised of a substance through which light is viewable, such that upon the injecting of the chemiluminescent solution, light emitted by the chemiluminescent solution is viewable through at least the portion of the chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,168,501

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TRANSMISSIONS USING ELIPTICAL CORE FIBERS

NXGEN PARTNERS IP, LLC, ...

24. A system for transmission of optical data signals, comprising:first optical processing circuitry for receiving a plurality of digital signals and applying an Ince-Gaussian function to each of the received plurality of digital signals and combining the Ince-Gaussian function applied plurality of digital signals into a single carrier signal, wherein the first optical processing circuitry further comprises a spatial light modulator for generating and applying or the Ince-Gaussian function to each of the plurality of digital signals;
an optical transmitter for transmitting the single carrier signal;
an optical receiver for receiving the transmitted single carrier signal;
second optical processing circuitry for separating the Ince-Gaussian function applied plurality of digital signals of the single carries signal into separate signals and for removing the Ince-Gaussian function applied to each of the plurality of digital signals, wherein the second optical processing circuitry further comprises a second spatial light modulator for imprinting an inverse phase front of each received mode component on each of the received mode components within the received single carrier signal to generate the single carrier signal having a planar phase front for each of the received mode components within the single carrier signal; and
an elliptical core fiber for transmitting the single carrier signal from the optical transmitter to the optical receiver, the elliptical core fiber including an elliptical core have a major axis and a minor axis, wherein the elliptical core fiber further comprises a first stress rod located above the major axis along the minor axis and a second stress rod located below the major axis along the minor axis further wherein the elliptical core fiber enables the Ince-Gaussian function applied digital signals to propagate further before coupling together within the elliptical core fiber.

US Pat. No. 10,168,500

OPTICAL SUBASSEMBLY FOR AN OPTICAL RECEIVER, OPTICAL RECEIVER AND TRANSCEIVER COMPRISING THE SAME, AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING THE SAME

Source Photonics (Chengdu...

1. An optical subassembly, comprising:a mirror configured to reflect an incoming optical signal at a first predetermined angle;
a lens configured to receive the incoming optical signal from the minor and focus the incoming optical signal onto a target; and
an optical mount comprising:
a first bar or extension comprising at least one first surface configured to support the mirror,
at least one second surface configured to support and/or secure the lens at a second predetermined angle, and
a structural block configured to position and/or arrange (i) the at least one first surface at a third predetermined angle related to the first predetermined angle and (ii) the at least one second surface at the first or second predetermined angle, wherein the first and/or second predetermined angle is adapted to reduce a reflectance of the incoming optical signal, wherein the structural block comprises:
a base configured to secure the optical mount to an inner surface of an optical cavity and
a support structure orthogonal to an upper surface of the base and configured to support at least the first surface, wherein the first bar or extension is orthogonal to the support structure.

US Pat. No. 10,168,498

OPTICAL COMMUNICATION DEVICE, RECEPTION APPARATUS, TRANSMISSION APPARATUS, AND TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION SYSTEM

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. An optical communication device comprising:a signal processing substrate having a signal processing circuit and a first drive circuit attached thereto, the signal processing circuit being electrically connected to the first drive circuit on the signal processing substrate;
an interposer substrate having a first surface side and a second surface side opposite to the first surface side; and
a first through via extending through the interposer substrate, the first through via being configured to electrically connect a first optical element disposed on the first surface side of the interposer substrate to the first drive circuit in a region where the first drive circuit is located on the signal processing substrate,
wherein the first optical element is a light emitting device or light receiving device.

US Pat. No. 10,168,497

SELF-ALIGNMENT FOR APPARATUS COMPRISING PHOTONIC DEVICE

RWTH Aachen, (DE)

1. A method to fabricate an apparatus,wherein the apparatus comprises
a photonic device with at least a first waveguide having a light-conducting core layer bounded by at least one cladding layer, and
at least a second waveguide having a light-conducting core layer bounded by at least one cladding layer,
wherein the first waveguide is aligned to couple with the second waveguide, wherein alignment of the first waveguide with the second waveguide with respect to at least one axis C coincides with at least one stop area of the photonic device resting on a stop surface of a corresponding support structure on a substrate, wherein the at least one stop area is a stop in a recess from a surface of the photonic device,
the method comprising:
at least one of the recess is formed by etching of the photonic device or the support structure is formed by etching of the substrate, wherein each of the etching of the photonic device and the etching of the substrate is selective with respect to at least one interface between two materials in respectively the photonic device or the substrate; and
at least one of the core layer of the first waveguide or the core layer of the second waveguide is deposited by selective area growth,
in which the selective area growth includes
removing a dielectric layer to expose at least one of a first surface of a first semiconductor material of the first waveguide or a first surface of a second semiconductor material of the second waveguide and create at least one of a growth window at the first surface of the first waveguide or a growth window at the first surface of the second waveguide, and
at least one of growing a third semiconductor material in the growth window at the first surface of the first waveguide or growing a fourth semiconductor material in the growth window at the first surface of the second waveguide,
wherein at least one of (i) a first thickness of the core layer of the first waveguide in the vicinity of the recess is different from a second thickness of the core layer in the first waveguide or (ii) a first thickness of the core layer of the second waveguide in the vicinity of the support structure is different from a second thickness of the core layer in the second waveguide.

US Pat. No. 10,168,496

OPTICAL MODULE IMPLEMENTING WITH OPTICAL SOURCE, OPTICAL MODULATOR, AND WAVELENGTH DETECTOR, AND A METHOD TO ASSEMBLE THE SAME

Sumitomo Electric Industr...

1. A method of assembling an optical module that includes an optical source, a beam shifter, an optical component, a concentrating lens, and a housing, the optical source generating an optical beam, the beam shifter having a parallelepiped block having an input surface facing the optical source and an output surface facing the concentrating lens, the input surface and the output surface extending in parallel to each other, the optical component being optically coupled with the optical beam, the concentrating lens being configured to concentrate the optical beam on the optical component, the housing having a bottom and being configured to enclose the optical source, the concentrating lens, and the optical component therein, the method comprising steps of:disposing the beam shifter between the optical source and the concentrating lens, the beam shifter aligning an optical axis of the optical beam measured from the bottom of the housing to an optical axis of the optical component; and
optically coupling the optical beam output from the beam shifter with the optical component by aligning the concentrating lens,
wherein the step of disposing the beam shifter includes steps of:
evaluating a level difference between the optical axis of the beam output from the optical source measured from the bottom of the housing and an optical axis of the concentrating lens;
calculating an angle of the input surface against the bottom of the housing from the level difference, a thickness between the input surface and the output surface, and a refractive index of the parallelepiped block; and
disposing the beam shifter as tilting by the angle.

US Pat. No. 10,168,495

OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE AND OPTICAL CIRCUIT BOARD

Kyocera Corporation, Kyo...

1. An optical waveguide comprising:a laminate including a lower cladding, a core on the lower cladding, and an upper cladding positioned on the lower cladding and covering the core;
via holes positioned in the laminate in a spaced opposing relation to each other;
a cavity positioned over a span from an upper surface of the upper cladding to the lower cladding, the cavity including a sectional surface sectioning the core obliquely relative to the upper surface of the upper cladding; and
a reflective surface positioned in the core and defined by part of the sectional surface,
wherein the cavity extends from a region between the via holes in the spaced opposing relation toward outside of the region, and
an opening size of the cavity in the region is smaller than an opening size of the cavity outside the region when viewed in an opposing direction of the via holes.

US Pat. No. 10,168,494

OFF-AXIS MICRO-MIRROR ARRAYS FOR OPTICAL COUPLING IN POLYMER WAVEGUIDES

International Business Ma...

1. A micro-mirror array for optical coupling in a waveguide array comprising:a transparent body configured as a triangular prism having a slanted portion, a sidewall portion, and a bottom portion, the sidewall portion and the bottom portion each respectively facing the slanted portion, a first cuboid shaped block connected to a first end of the triangular prism and a second cuboid shaped block connected to a second end of the triangular prism opposite the first end, wherein a complementary shape of a conventional form off-axis paraboloidal mirror is arranged on the slanted portion; and
a reflective coating on at least a portion of the complementary shape.

US Pat. No. 10,168,493

OPTICAL MODULE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An optical module comprising:a stem;
a temperature control module fixed on the stem;
a carrier fixed on the temperature control module, the carrier having a fixing surface;
a light emitting element fixed on the fixing surface, having a front surface and a rear surface opposite to each other, emitting signal light from a first emission point in the front surface, and emitting back light from a second emission point in the rear surface;
a light receiving element fixed on the fixing surface, the light receiving element having a light receiving surface having a center, the center positioned between the front surface and the rear surface in an optical axis direction of the signal light when viewing the light emitting element and the light receiving element from a direction perpendicular to the optical axis direction and parallel to the fixing surface;
a lens cap fixed on the stem and containing the temperature control module, the carrier, the light emitting element and the light receiving element; and
a lens fixed in the lens cap and receiving the signal light,
wherein a reflecting surface is provided on the carrier, and
the light receiving element receives the back light reflected by the reflecting surface.

US Pat. No. 10,168,486

OPTICAL CONNECTOR

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. A connector comprising:a housing;
first and second attachment areas disposed in the housing and spaced apart from each other along a mating direction of the connector, the second, but not the first, attachment area configured to move relative to the housing;
an optical waveguide permanently attached to, and under a first bending force between, the first and second attachment areas;
a light coupling unit disposed in the housing for receiving light from the optical waveguide and transmitting the received light to a mating connector along a direction different than a mating direction of the connector, such that a mating of the connector to a mating connector causes the optical waveguide to be under a greater second bending force between the first and second attachment areas.

US Pat. No. 10,168,483

METHOD FOR CONNECTING OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE AND OPTICAL FIBER, SEMICONDUCTOR OPTICAL DEVICE, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SEMICONDUCTOR OPTICAL DEVICE HAVING OPTICAL FIBER CONNECTED THERETO

FUJIKURA LTD., Tokyo (JP...

7. A semiconductor optical device comprising:an optical waveguide,
the optical waveguide having an end surface to which an end surface of an optical fiber is connected via a resin sheet,
the optical waveguide having a clad made of silica,
the sheet resin being viscous, and
the sheet resin having a viscosity of not less than 30 Pa·S and not more than 1000 Pa·S.

US Pat. No. 10,168,482

MICRO-FILTER STRUCTURES FOR WAVELENGTH DIVISION MULTIPLEXING IN POLYMER WAVEGUIDES

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A wavelength division multiplexing filter, comprising:an optical dielectric filter comprising a plurality of dielectric layers, said optical dielectric filter having a high reflectivity at a first wavelength and a high transmissivity at one or more additional wavelengths, wherein the plurality of dielectric layers comprise a structure of layers following the pattern L-[M/2-H-M/2]N-L, where L layers comprise a first dielectric material, H layers comprise a second dielectric material, M/2 layers comprise a mixture of the first and second dielectric material and have a thickness half that needed to provide reflectivity at the first wavelength, and N is a number of repetitions for the structure in brackets.

US Pat. No. 10,168,480

METHOD OF SPLICING OPTICAL FIBERS AND APPARATUS THEREOF

ComCore Optical Intellign...

1. An optical fiber splicing system comprising:a first and a second rotary clamp for respectively holding two fibers to be spliced;
an end-face alignment unit for assisting alignment of the two fibers; and
a splicing machine for causing the two fibers to be spliced together,
wherein the first and second rotary clamps are mounted onto the splicing machine subsequently after axes of the two fibers held by the first and second rotary clamps are respectively aligned to a common reference provided by the end-face alignment unit and subsequently locked onto the first and second rotary clamps respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,168,478

INTEGRATION OF PHOTONIC, ELECTRONIC, AND SENSOR DEVICES WITH SOI VLSI MICROPROCESSOR TECHNOLOGY

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method for fabricating an integrated structure comprising:forming a very large scale integration (VLSI) structure including a semiconductor layer at a top of the VLSI structure;
mounting the VLSI structure to a support structure;
removing at least a portion of the semiconductor layer from the VLSI structure;
attaching an upper layer to the top of the VLSI structure, wherein said upper layer is primarily composed of a material that has at least one of a higher resistivity or a higher transparency than said semiconductor layer and said upper layer includes a mounting location for at least one of a photonic device or an electronic device; and
releasing said VLSI structure from the support structure.

US Pat. No. 10,168,477

INTEGRATION OF PHOTONIC, ELECTRONIC, AND SENSOR DEVICES WITH SOI VLSI MICROPROCESSOR TECHNOLOGY

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

13. A method for fabricating an integrated structure comprising:forming a very large scale integration (VLSI) structure including a semiconductor layer at a top of the VLSI structure;
removing at least a portion of the semiconductor layer from the VLSI structure; and
attaching an upper layer to the top of the VLSI structure, wherein said upper layer is primarily composed of a material that has at least one of a higher resistivity or a higher transparency than said semiconductor layer and said upper layer includes a mounting location for at least one of a photonic device or an electronic device.