US Pat. No. 10,114,301

ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTORECEPTOR, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An electrophotographic photoreceptor abutting against at least one selected from a charging member for charging the electrophotographic photoreceptor and a developer carrying member for supplying a developer to the electrophotographic photoreceptor with an abutting member therebetween, whereinthe electrophotographic photoreceptor has a first portion and a second portion being different from the first portion along the longitudinal direction of the photoreceptor and abuts against the abutting member in the second portion;
the electrophotographic photoreceptor includes a support, a charge generating layer containing a charge generation material, and a surface layer in this order;
the electrophotographic photoreceptor includes, in the first portion, an undercoat layer containing a polymer of a composition containing an electron transport material and a crosslinking agent so as to be contiguous with the surface of the charge generating layer facing the support; and
the electrophotographic photoreceptor includes, in the second portion, at least one of:
(i) an intermediate layer disposed between and so as to be contiguous with the support and the charge generating layer; and
(ii) an intermediate layer disposed between and so as to be contiguous with the charge generating layer and the surface layer, wherein
the intermediate layers each have a Martens hardness of 500 N/mm2 or less.

US Pat. No. 10,114,300

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. An electromagnetic actuator comprising:a coil assembly comprising at least one coil;
a magnet assembly comprising a first and second magnet unit, each magnet unit comprising a magnetic yoke and a plurality of permanent magnets mounted to the magnetic yoke, the first and second magnet unit forming a magnetic circuit for receiving the coil assembly and, upon energizing of said coil, generating a force in a first direction; and
a holder for holding the magnet units, wherein the magnet units are rigidly mounted to the holder;
wherein a weight ratio of the magnet assembly over the coil assembly is smaller than a weight ratio of another magnet assembly over another coil assembly for which a ratio of force over electrical power is maximized, and
wherein the at least one coil comprises a first coil and a second coil, the coil assembly further comprising an inner cooling plate and two separate first and second outer plates, the inner cooling plate being arranged between the first and second coils to cool the first and second coils, the first and second coils and the inner cooling plate being stacked between the first and second outer cooling plates so that the first coil is arranged between the first outer cooling plate and the inner cooling plate and the second coil is arranged between the second outer cooling plate and the inner cooling plate.

US Pat. No. 10,114,299

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A lithographic apparatus for applying a desired pattern onto a substrate, the apparatus comprising:a compartment with a volume of gas;
a movable object within the compartment, wherein a movement of the movable object causes an acoustic disturbance in the gas in the compartment;
a reference frame on a boundary of the compartment;
a sensor mounted on the reference frame and configured to measure the object; and
an acoustic damper located outside the compartment and mounted on the reference frame, configured to damp the acoustic disturbance, and comprising:
a chamber, and
a perforated plate comprising a plurality of through-holes therein, the perforated plate being arranged between the chamber and the compartment,
wherein the reference frame comprises a passageway therethrough that is configured to allow communication between the compartment and the acoustic damper.

US Pat. No. 10,114,298

CONDITIONING SYSTEM AND LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS COMPRISING A CONDITIONING SYSTEM

ASML NETHERLANDS B.V., V...

1. A conditioning system for a lithographic apparatus comprising a plurality of modules, the conditioning system comprising:a plurality of conditioning branches arranged such that different individual modules or subsets of modules out of the plurality of modules are each conditioned via a corresponding conditioning branch conveying a common conditioning medium for the plurality of modules;
a plurality of thermal actuators, each operable to locally alter the temperature of the common conditioning medium at one of the conditioning branches; and
a plurality of sensors, each operable to sense the temperature of the common conditioning medium at one of the conditioning branches,
wherein the conditioning system, with the lithographic apparatus, is operable to perform a calibration routine for calculating calibration offsets for the sensors, and
wherein the calibration routine comprises (i) bringing to a common location one or more uncalibrated sensors, a calibrated sensor, and a calibration medium, and calibrating the uncalibrated sensor(s) against the calibrated sensor, and/or (ii) bringing to a common location one or more uncalibrated sensors and a calibration medium of known temperature and calibrating the uncalibrated sensor(s) against the calibration medium of known temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,114,297

ACTIVE EYE-TO-EYE WITH ALIGNMENT BY X-Y CAPACITANCE MEASUREMENT

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. A photolithography system, comprising:a slab;
a chuck disposed on the slab;
a plurality of image projection systems disposed over the slab, wherein each image projection system of the plurality of image projection systems includes a lens, wherein the lens includes a lens housing;
a first plurality of sensors each coupled to a corresponding lens housing of each image projection system of the plurality of image projection systems;
a plate disposed between the slab and the plurality of image projection systems, wherein the plate includes a plurality of openings; and
one or more targets coupled to the plate and disposed adjacent to each opening of the plurality of openings.

US Pat. No. 10,114,296

DRIVING SYSTEM AND DRIVING METHOD, AND EXPOSURE APPARATUS AND EXPOSURE METHOD

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. A driving system which drives a plant by giving control input, the system comprising:a first measuring instrument which measures a first controlled variable related to a position of a first section of the plant;
a second measuring instrument which measures a second controlled variable related to a position of a second section of the plant that shows a behavior including a resonance mode in opposite phase to a rigid-body mode that the first section shows; and
a controller which
obtains synthetic quantity (X,c=?X2+?X1) using measurement results of the first and the second controlled variables (X2, X1) by the first and the second measuring instruments and transfer function (?, ?),
obtains a third controlled variable by performing filter processing on the synthetic quantity (Xc) and one of measurement results (X2, X1) and by synthesizing a frequency band in which the resonance mode of the synthetic quantity (Xc) exists and a frequency band in which the resonance mode of the one of the measurement results (X2, X1) is non-existent, and
gives the control input obtained using the third controlled variable to the plant, wherein
the transfer function (?, ?) is decided so that a pole corresponding to the resonance mode included in each of transfer functions P2, P1 corresponding to the first and the second sections is canceled out in transfer function ?P2+?P1.

US Pat. No. 10,114,295

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A lithographic apparatus comprising:a substrate stage configured to support a substrate in an environment with an ambient gas;
a projection system configured to project a beam of radiation onto the substrate when supported on the substrate stage during an exposure phase;
a sensing system configured to sense a property of the substrate on the substrate stage during a sensing phase;
a reference system; and
a positioning system configured to determine a position of the substrate stage relative to the reference system via a path of radiation between the substrate stage and the reference system;
wherein:
the lithographic apparatus is configured to control the substrate stage to undergo movement relative to the reference system in the sensing phase and to undergo other movement relative to the reference system during the exposure phase;
at least the substrate stage or the reference system has an outlet system configured to provide a gas curtain of a barrier gas operative to reduce ingress of the ambient gas into a volume traversed by the path of radiation between the substrate stage and the reference system; and
the lithographic apparatus is configured to provide a characteristic of the gas curtain to be different in at least part of the sensing phase compared to in the exposure phase, wherein the characteristic comprises a spatial distribution of the barrier gas when exiting the outlet system and the lithographic apparatus is configured to provide the spatial distribution of the barrier gas when exiting the outlet system to be different in at least part of the sensing phase compared to in the exposure phase.

US Pat. No. 10,114,294

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR IMPARTING DIRECTION-SELECTIVE LIGHT ATTENUATION

Carl Zeiss SMS Ltd., Kar...

1. A method for imparting direction-selective light attenuation to a photomask, the method comprising:assigning different attenuation levels to light rays of different directions of incidence;
computing an array of shading elements to attenuate the light rays with the assigned different attenuation levels, depending on the direction of incidence of the light rays; and
inscribing the array of shading elements within a substrate of the photomask.

US Pat. No. 10,114,293

ILLUMINATION SYSTEM AND PROJECTION OBJECTIVE OF A MASK INSPECTION APPARATUS

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. An illumination system of a mask inspection apparatus,wherein the illumination system is configured to, in operation of the mask inspection apparatus, illuminate a mask with an illumination bundle of rays which has a centroid ray; and
wherein the illumination system is further configured such that, during the operation of the mask inspection apparatus, said centroid ray has a direction dependent on the location of the incidence of the illumination bundle of rays on the mask, in which the centroid ray has at least two different directions for different locations of the incidence of the illumination bundle of rays on the mask, and there is a predetermined relationship between the direction of the centroid ray and the location of incidence of the illumination bundle of rays on the mask, such that the centroid ray has a first direction for a first location of incidence of the illumination bundle of rays on the mask, and the centroid ray has a second direction different from the first direction for a second location different from the first location of incidence of the illumination bundle of rays on the mask.

US Pat. No. 10,114,289

EXPOSURE HEAD, EXPOSURE APPARATUS AND METHOD OF OPERATING AN EXPOSURE HEAD

1. An exposure head for use in an exposure apparatus for illuminating a surface, the exposure head comprising:a plurality of radiative sources for providing a plurality of beams,
an optical scanning unit arranged for receiving the beams and for directing the beams towards the surface for impinging each of the beams on an impingement spot, and
a rotation actuating unit connected to the optical scanning unit for at least partially rotating the optical scanning unit,wherein the impingement spots of the beams are scanned across the surface by said at least partial rotation of the optical scanning unit, wherein the optical scanning unit comprises a transmissive element, wherein the transmissive element is a polygon prism, the transmissive element including one or more facets for receiving the beams and for outputting the beams after conveying thereof through the transmissive element, for displacing the beams upon said rotation of the transmissive element for enabling the scanning of the impingement spots, the impingement spots thereby illuminating the surface in a pattern for forming an image.

US Pat. No. 10,114,288

SILICON-CONTAINING UNDERLAYERS

Rohm and Haas Electronic ...

10. A composition comprising: one or more curable silicon-containing polymers comprising a backbone comprising Si—O linkages; one or more organic blend polymers comprising as polymerized units one or more monomers of formula (1b) and one or more monomers of formula (2)wherein R5 is selected from the group consisting of a C4-30 organic residue bound to the oxygen through a tertiary carbon, and a C4-30 organic residue comprising an acetal functional group; each R1 is independently selected from the group consisting of H, C1-4 alkyl, C1-4haloalkyl, halo, and CN; and R2 is a monovalent organic residue having a lactone moiety; and one or more cure catalysts.

US Pat. No. 10,114,287

SILICONE SKELETON-CONTAINING POLYMER COMPOUND AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME, CHEMICALLY AMPLIFIED NEGATIVE RESIST COMPOSITION, PHOTO-CURABLE DRY FILM AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME, PATTERNING PROCESS, LAYERED PRODUCT, AND SUBSTRATE

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A silicone skeleton-containing polymer compound comprising a repeating unit shown by the general formula (1) and having a weight average molecular weight of 3,000 to 500,000,wherein R1 to R4 may be the same or different and represent a monovalent hydrocarbon group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms; “m” is an integer of 1 to 100; “a”, “b”, “c”, “d”, “e”, and “f” are each 0 or a positive number, and “g” and “h” are each a positive number, provided that a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h=1; X is a divalent organic group shown by the general formula (2); Y is a divalent organic group shown by the general formula (3); W is a divalent organic group shown by the general formula (4); and U is a divalent organic group shown by the general formula (5),wherein Z represents a divalent organic group selected from any ofthe dotted line represents a bond; “n” is 0 or 1; R5 and R6 each represent an alkyl group or alkoxy group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms and may be the same or different; and “x” is 0, 1, or 2;wherein V represents a divalent organic group selected from any ofthe dotted line represents a bond; “p” is 0 or 1; R7 and R8 each represent an alkyl group or alkoxy group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms and may be the same or different; and “y” is 0, 1, or 2;wherein the dotted line represents a bond; T represents an alkylene group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or a divalent aromatic group; and R9 represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group;wherein the dotted line represents a bond; T and R9 have the same meanings as defined above; and R10 represents a monovalent carboxyl-containing organic group.

US Pat. No. 10,114,286

PHOTORESIST AND METHOD

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

15. A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device, the method comprising:dispensing a photoresist onto a layer to be patterned, the photoresist comprising a polymer comprising:
a hydrocarbon backbone;
a cross-linking group bonded to the hydrocarbon backbone; and
a group which will decompose bonded to the hydrocarbon backbone;
generating an acid H+ within the photoresist, wherein the acid H+ causes the group which will decompose to decompose and also causes the cross-linking group to bond with a crosslinking agent and trap a group produced by the decomposition of the group which will decompose; and
developing the photoresist after the generating the acid H+, wherein the group produced by the decomposition of the group which will decompose is present during the developing.

US Pat. No. 10,114,285

SOLDER RESIST COMPOSITION, AND COVERED-PRINTED WIRING BOARD

GOO CHEMICAL CO., LTD., ...

1. A solder resist composition comprising:(A) a carboxyl group-containing resin;
(B) an epoxy compound;
(C) titanium dioxide;
(D) a photopolymerization initiator; and
(E) an antioxidant,
the component (B) containing a hydroquinone epoxy compound represented by following formula (1),

the component (D) containing (D1) a bisacylphosphine oxide-containing photopolymerization initiator and (D2) an ?-hydroxy alkylphenone-containing photopolymerization initiator,
R1, R2, R3, and R4 in the formula (1) being independently a methyl group, a hydrogen atom, or a t-butyl group; and
a melting point of the component (E) is within a range of 50 to 150° C.

US Pat. No. 10,114,284

METHOD FOR DESIGNING MASK SET, RECORDING MEDIUM, TEMPLATE, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING TEMPLATE

Toshiba Memory Corporatio...

1. A template comprising:a shot region to be imprinted onto a substrate, the shot region including:
chip regions; and
a scribe region, the scribe region being a region in which an imprint-alignment mark and another pattern are arranged, the scribe region including:
a first scribe region, the first scribe region being located in between the chip regions; and
a second scribe region, the second scribe region surrounding the chip regions, the second scribe region including:
a protruding region, the protruding region being a region in which a pattern is arranged; and
a depressed region, the depressed region being a region in which no pattern is arranged,
wherein, when viewed from the top, the protruding region and the depressed region are shaped to fit one another to constitute a scribe line between adjacent shot regions.

US Pat. No. 10,114,283

MASK PLATE, EXPOSURE DEVICE, AND EXPOSURE METHOD

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A mask plate, comprising a base plate and a plurality of patterns with openings arranged on the base plate, whereinthe base plate comprises a first region corresponding to a position where a developing agent has a low concentration in the case that a target substrate is to be developed, and a second region corresponding to a position where the developing agent has a high concentration in the case that the target substrate is to be developed; and
in the case that the target substrate is exposed using the mask plate, an amount of light beams passing through each pattern at the first region of the base plate is greater than an amount of the light beams passing through each pattern at the second region of the base plate, to compensate for a critical dimension at a position corresponding to the second region through the excessive light beams at the first region, thereby to enable an evenness value of the critical dimension to be greater than a predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 10,114,282

SAMPLING FOR OPC BUILDING

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...

1. A method comprising:calculating simulated contours of one or more structures representing an integrated circuit (IC) design layout;
calculating evaluation cutlines along the simulated contours, each cutline corresponding to an evaluation site;
extracting one or more image parameters for the evaluation cutlines;
inter-structure coarse selection followed by intra-structure fine selection of evaluation sites;
calibrating an optical proximity correction (OPC) model for the IC design layout based on measurements at the selected evaluation sites; and
manufacturing an IC based on the calibrated OPC model.

US Pat. No. 10,114,279

VEHICLE HEADLAMP FOR PROJECTING DRIVING INFORMATION

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A vehicle headlamp device comprising:a light source;
a reflection unit that reflects the light emitted from the light source having a plurality of light reflection sections for changing a path of the light;
a primary optical system that receives the light reflected by the reflection unit along a first path and emits the light as a high beam; and
an auxiliary optical system having a plurality of color patterns for changing a color of the light incident thereto that receives the light reflected by the reflection unit along a second path and projects the light onto a road.

US Pat. No. 10,114,278

LIGHT SPLITTING MODULE AND PROJECTION APPARATUS THEREOF

Qisda Corporation, Taoyu...

1. A light splitting module comprising:at least one first light source for emitting a first color light, the first color light comprising a first primary color light and a second primary color light;
at least one second light source for emitting a second color light, the second color light comprising a third primary color light;
a color wheel aligned with the first light source and the second light source for splitting the first color light and the second color light into a plurality of image forming lights in a duty cycle, the color wheel having a first color section, a second color section and a transparent section formed thereon, the first color section allowing the second color light and the first primary color light to pass through, the second color section allowing the second color light and the second primary color light to pass through; and
a modulator coupled to the first light source, the second light source and the color wheel for selectively modulating a first incidence time of the first color light on the first color section to adjust a first output ratio of the first primary color light in the plurality of image forming lights, modulating a second incidence time of the first color light on the second color section to adjust a second output ratio of the second primary color light in the plurality of image forming lights and modulating a third incidence time of the first color light on the transparent section to perform brightness adjustment of the plurality of image forming lights.

US Pat. No. 10,114,277

LIGHT SOURCE SYSTEM WITH A SWITCHING SYSTEM TO GENERATE TWO LIGHT BEAMS HAVING PRESET PROPORTIONS, AND RELATED PROJECTION SYSTEM

APPOTRONICS CORPORATION L...

1. A light source system, comprising:a light source;
a switching system for switching a light emitted by the light source into at least two light beams having preset proportions using either time division or light intensity division; and
a color wheel assembly disposed on light paths of the at least two light beams, wherein the color wheel assembly, under illumination of the at least two light beams, generates lights of different colors having preset proportions, wherein the light of different colors are configured to be modulated by a light modulation system and combined to form a projection image;
wherein the switching system is configured to adjust proportions of the at least two light beams based on parameters obtained from the projection image to adjust the proportions of the lights of different colors;
wherein the light modulation system includes three light modulators, and wherein the switching system comprises:
a light switch for switching the light emitted by the light source into a light that simultaneously includes both a first light beam and a second light beam, wherein the first light beam and the second light beam have different polarization states;
a controller for controlling a deflection angle of the light switch, wherein a ratio of an intensity of the first light beam and an intensity of the second light beam is a preset ratio, and wherein the controller is configured to adjust the preset ratio based on parameters of the projection image.

US Pat. No. 10,114,276

PHOSPHOR WHEEL, LIGHT SOURCE APPARATUS, AND PROJECTION-TYPE DISPLAY APPARATUS

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A phosphor wheel, comprising:a disc-like substrate;
a phosphor layer on the substrate; and
a plurality of heat dissipation fins, wherein a first fin of the plurality of heat dissipation fins overlaps with a second fin of the plurality of heat dissipation fins when viewed in a direction orthogonal to a surface of the substrate,
wherein at least one of the plurality of heat dissipation fins has a rising section extending in a direction crossing the surface of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,114,274

HEAT DISSIPATING MODULE HAVING TURBULENT STRUCTURES

Coretronic Corporation, ...

1. A heat dissipating module, adapted to use in a heat dissipation airflow along a flowing direction, comprising:a heat dissipation fin set, comprising a plurality of heat dissipation fins, wherein the heat dissipation fins are stacked on each other, each of the heat dissipation fins has a front side, a rear side opposite to the front side and at least one turbulent structure set, the turbulent structure set is located between the front side and the rear side and has a plurality of first turbulent structures, the first turbulent structures are arranged from the front side to the rear side in sequence, such that when the heat dissipating module used in the heat dissipation airflow, the heat dissipation airflow flows from the front side toward the turbulent structure set along the flowing direction, and passes through the turbulent structure set to flow toward the rear side, and an extending direction of each of the first turbulent structures is tilted relative to the flowing direction,
wherein the turbulent structure set further comprises a plurality of second turbulent structures, the second turbulent structures are arranged from the front side to the rear side in sequence and aligned with the first turbulent structures respectively, an extending direction of each of the second turbulent structures is tilted relative to the flowing direction, each of the first turbulent structures and the corresponding second turbulent structures are rendered in a V shape structure, each of the V shape structures has a narrow end, and each of the narrow ends face the front side,
wherein each of the first turbulent structures has a first end and a second end opposite to each other, each of the second turbulent structures has a third end and a fourth end opposite to each other, each of the first ends and the corresponding third ends constitute the corresponding narrow end, a distance between each of the narrow ends and the front side is smaller than a distance between the corresponding second end and the front side and smaller than a distance between the corresponding fourth end and the front side.

US Pat. No. 10,114,273

DEVELOPER SPREADING DEVICE, PRINTER, AND DIGITAL CAMERA WITH PRINTER

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A developer spreading device comprising:a film pack room into which an instant film pack is loaded, the instant film pack including a plurality of film units each having a developer pod containing a developer, a case which includes an exposure opening and a slit-shaped discharge port and accommodates the plurality of film units laminated on top of each other, and a film cover which lighttightly blocks the exposure opening by covering an exposure surface of the film unit and is ejected through the discharge port;
a transport roller pair that transports the film unit or the film cover discharged through the discharge port while pinching both side edge portions of the film unit or the film cover; and
a spreading roller pair that is disposed on a downstream side of the transport roller pair in a transport direction perpendicular to a width direction of the exposure surface, and spreads the developer into the film unit by crushing the developer pod,
wherein the case includes a pair of light shielding grooves formed in both sides of the exposure opening and an inner wall surface facing the film cover,
the film cover includes a pair of light shielding ribs which is inserted into the pair of light shielding grooves and extends in a discharge direction in a case where the film cover is discharged through the discharge port, and
the transport roller pair includes a capstan roller that includes a pair of roller members and a rotational shaft which holds the roller members, and a first distance which is a space between inner edges of the pair of roller members is greater than a second distance which is a space between outer edges of the pair of light shielding ribs.

US Pat. No. 10,114,272

CAMERA MODULE AUTOFOCUS ACTUATOR AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

ACTUATOR SOLUTIONS GMBH, ...

1. A camera module autofocus actuator comprising:a housing,
a movable lens carrier having a protrusion with an apex for lodging a shape memory alloy wire,
a shape memory alloy wire,
at least four spheres,
a bottom plate,
two electric terminals at a different height with respect to said protrusion apex,
a return elastic element,
wherein:
said bottom plate and said housing are fixed to each other, defining an autofocus main body,
said two electric terminals are fixed onto said autofocus main body,
said shape memory alloy wire is in contact with the lens carrier protrusion apex and its extremities are locked to the two electric terminals on the main body,
the housing and said movable lens carrier are aligned via at least two side channels defining at least two guide channels containing and holding said spheres,
said movable lens carrier is configured to house at least one lens having an optical axis parallel to the guide channels,
said return elastic element is mounted between the housing and the lens carrier, and the return elastic element exerts on the lens carrier a force only along a direction parallel to the optical axis.

US Pat. No. 10,114,271

MOBILE DEVICE PHOTOGRAPHY APPARATUS FOR EVEN ILLUMINATION

SMPL Inc., Austin, TX (U...

1. An illuminating apparatus for a mobile computing device, comprising:a front shell comprising at least an outer surface, an inner open region, an open window portion, and a toroidal illuminating ring;
a rear shell comprising at least an outer surface and an inner open region;
wherein the open window portion comprises at least an open region of the front shell, configured to pass through the outer surface of the front shell and into the inner open region of the front shell;
wherein the illuminating ring comprises at least a component encircling at least a portion of the circumference of the front shell parallel to the plane of the front shell and affixed or integrally-formed as a portion of the outer surface of the front shell, and is configured to emit visible light;
wherein the front shell and the rear shell are configured to be releasably coupled to each other; and
wherein the inner open regions of the front and rear shells are configured to at least partially enclose the mobile computing device when so coupled.

US Pat. No. 10,114,270

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR AN OPTICAL LOGIC DEVICE

King Fahd University of P...

1. An apparatus, comprising:an input signal wave generator including
a first wave generator coupled to a first modulator configured to generate a first output, wherein the first modulator is configured to amplitude modulate the first output, and
a second wave generator coupled to a second modulator configured to generate a second output, wherein the second modulator is configured to amplitude modulate the second output,
wherein the input signal wave generator is configured to combine the first output and the second output at a first coupler generating a third output having a wavelength within an injection locking range of the first output, wherein the third output corresponds to the input signal wave generated by the input signal generator; and
a logic device configured to receive the input signal generated by the input signal wave generator, the logic device including
a laser configured to generate a fourth output at a first wavelength,
a third wave generator configured to generate a fifth output at a second wavelength, the second wavelength being identified based on an injection locking range of the first output, wherein the fifth output is coupled with the input signal at a second coupler and configured to stabilize the input signal,
a bandpass filter having a center frequency corresponding to the second wavelength, and
an optical circulator having a first port coupled to the input signal wave generator and the third wave generator, a second port coupled to the laser, and a third port coupled to the bandpass filter.

US Pat. No. 10,114,269

HETEROGENEOUS WAVEGUIDES AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURE

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A heterogeneous waveguide configured to achieve nonlinear optical interactions, the heterogeneous waveguide including at least two materials in a cross-section, a first material having a nonlinear optical property for generating at least one new frequency by mixing one or more input optical waves, and a second material being patterned for defining a waveguide mode in the cross-section, the second material configured to achieve phase-matched interactions of waves along a propagation direction, such that optical modes are distributed between the first and second materials.

US Pat. No. 10,114,268

ACOUSTO-OPTIC DEVICE, AND LIGHT MODULATOR, OPTICAL SCANNER AND DISPLAY APPARATUS USING THE ACOUSTO-OPTIC DEVICE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An acousto-optic device for modulating incident light comprising:an elastic-wave generating unit which generates an elastic wave;
an elastic medium to which the elastic wave generated in the elastic-wave generating unit is incident, a refractive index of the elastic medium being changed by the elastic wave;
a meta structure disposed on an upper surface of the elastic medium and configured to increase a refractive index change of the elastic medium by the elastic wave, the meta structure consisting of a first layer formed of a dielectric material and a second layer formed on the first layer and formed of a conductive material, wherein the second layer has a predetermined repetitive pattern repeated along a direction parallel to a surface of the first layer; and
an intermediate layer disposed between the elastic medium and the meta structure, the intermediate layer being formed of a conductive material and contacting the first layer;
wherein the intermediate layer is configured to further increase the refractive index change of the elastic medium by the elastic wave and have a thickness smaller than skin depth with respect to a wavelength of the incident light.

US Pat. No. 10,114,267

DISPLAY DEVICE WITH WATER-PROOF GLUE

E Ink Holdings Inc., Hsi...

1. A display device, comprising:a cover plate;
a display disposed on the cover plate, the display comprising an active array substrate having a front surface adjacent to the cover plate and a back surface opposite to the front surface;
a frame disposed on a peripheral area of the cover plate and surrounding the display to form a trench between the frame and the display;
a flexible circuit board comprising a first portion and a second portion, wherein the first portion is attached to the front surface of the active array substrate, and the second portion is fastened to the cover plate in the trench; and
a water-proof glue filling the trench.

US Pat. No. 10,114,265

THIN-FILM DEVICES AND FABRICATION

View, Inc., Milpitas, CA...

1. An electrochromic device comprising:one or more material layers sandwiched between a first conductor layer and a second conductor layer; and
a taper on at least one underlying layer of the electrochromic device;
wherein the taper is formed via laser ablation and wherein the taper spans more than one edge of the at least one underlying layer; and
wherein the laser ablation comprises delivering laser radiation from the same side of a transparent substrate as that upon which the electrochromic device is fabricated or delivering laser radiation from the side of a transparent substrate opposite the side upon which the electrochromic device is fabricated.

US Pat. No. 10,114,263

DISPLAY DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A display device including a transmissive region and a reflective region, comprising:a liquid crystal element;
a transistor;
a scan line;
a signal line;
a layer that reflects visible light;
a first insulating layer; and
a coloring layer,
wherein:
the liquid crystal element includes a pixel electrode, a common electrode, and a liquid crystal layer,
the transistor includes a semiconductor layer, a gate, and a gate insulating layer,
the first insulating layer is provided between the pixel electrode and the transistor,
the first insulating layer includes an opening portion,
the pixel electrode is provided between the liquid crystal layer and the first insulating layer,
the common electrode is configured to transmit visible light,
the semiconductor layer includes a first region and a second region,
the first region overlaps the gate with the gate insulating layer therebetween,
the second region includes a first portion in contact with the pixel electrode and a second portion in contact with a side surface of the opening portion in the first insulating layer,
the second region has resistivity lower than resistivity of the first region,
the first portion is provided in at least one of the transmissive region and the reflective region,
the reflective region includes the layer that reflects visible light,
the layer that reflects visible light includes a portion between the liquid crystal layer and at least one of the scan line and the signal line,
the coloring layer overlaps the pixel electrode with the liquid crystal layer therebetween, and
a thickness of the coloring layer in the reflective region is greater than or equal to 40% and less than or equal to 60% of a thickness of the coloring layer in the transmissive region.

US Pat. No. 10,114,262

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING COA ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND COA ARRAY SUBSTRATE

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A method for manufacturing a COA array substrate, comprising following steps:step 1, providing a TFT substrate, the TFT substrate comprising a base substrate, a TFT layer disposed on the base substrate, and a pixel electrode layer disposed on the TFT layer, wherein the pixel electrode layer comprises a plurality of red sub-pixel electrodes, green sub-pixel electrodes and blue sub-pixel electrodes disposed alternately;
black matrixes formed in interval regions of the plurality of red, green, blue sub-pixel electrodes on the TFT layer;
step 2, providing a counter electrode, a first electrolyte, a second electrolyte, and a third electrolyte; the counter electrode comprising an insulating substrate, and a plurality of counter electrode units disposed on the insulating substrate, the plurality of counter electrode units disposed correspondingly to the plurality of red, green, blue sub-pixel electrodes on the TFT substrate; the first electrolyte being a weak acidic solution containing a mixture of red quantum dots and chitosan, the second electrolyte being a weak acidic solution containing a mixture of green quantum dots and chitosan, the third electrolyte being a weak acidic solution containing a mixture of scattering particles and chitosan;
step 3, immersing the counter electrode and the TFT substrate into the first electrolyte altogether, forming a connecting circuit by linking the red sub-pixel electrodes on the TFT substrate and counter electrode units corresponding to the red sub-pixel electrodes on the counter electrode with a first wire and a first power source, the TFT substrate being an anode, the counter electrode being a cathode; after being electrified, a pH value of the first electrolyte close to the red sub-pixel electrodes on the TFT substrate increasing, making chitosan in the first electrolyte deposit on the red sub-pixel electrodes, the red quantum dots accompanied the chitosan depositing on the red sub-pixel electrodes, forming a plurality of red filter layers on the plurality of red sub-pixel electrodes respectively; controlling time of electrochemical deposition, disconnecting from the first power source when thickness of the red filter layers accumulated to be a certain value, taking out and cleaning the TFT substrate and the counter electrode;
step 4, immersing the TFT substrate and the counter electrode into the second electrolyte altogether, forming a connecting circuit by linking the green sub-pixel electrodes on the TFT substrate and counter electrode units corresponding to the green sub-pixel electrodes on the counter electrode with a second wire and a second power source, the TFT substrate being an anode, the counter electrode being a cathode; after being electrified, a pH value of the second electrolyte close to the green sub-pixel electrodes on the TFT substrate increasing, making chitosan in the second electrolyte deposit on the green sub-pixel electrodes, the green quantum dots accompanied the chitosan depositing on the green sub-pixel electrodes, forming a plurality of green filter layers on the plurality of green sub-pixel electrodes respectively; controlling time of electrochemical deposition, disconnecting from the second power source when thickness of the green filter layers accumulated to be a certain value, taking out and cleaning the TFT substrate and the counter electrode;
step 5, immersing the TFT substrate and the counter electrode into the third electrolyte altogether, forming a connecting circuit by linking the blue sub-pixel electrodes on the TFT substrate and counter electrode units corresponding to the blue sub-pixel electrodes on the counter electrode with a third wire and a third power source, the TFT substrate being an anode, the counter electrode being a cathode; after being electrified, a pH value of the third electrolyte close to the blue sub-pixel electrodes on the TFT substrate increasing, making chitosan in the third electrolyte deposit on the blue sub-pixel electrodes, the blue quantum dots accompanied the chitosan depositing on the blue sub-pixel electrodes, forming a plurality of blue filter layers on the plurality of blue sub-pixel electrodes respectively; controlling time of electrochemical deposition, disconnecting from the third power source when thickness of the blue filter layers accumulated to be a certain value, taking out and cleaning the TFT substrate and the counter electrode;
the step 3, the step 4, and the step 5 processed randomly; after the steps 3-5, a quantum dot color filter film comprising a plurality of red filter layers, green filter layers, and blue filter layers formed on the pixel electrode layer to manufacture a COA array substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,114,261

LIQUID CRYSTAL PANELS AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DEVICES

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. A liquid crystal panel, comprising: a plurality of data lines and a plurality of gate lines, the data lines extend along a first direction and are spaced apart along a second direction, the gate lines extend along the second direction and are spaced apart along the first direction, the liquid crystal panel comprises a first side, a second side, and a third side, the first side is opposite to the second side, and the direction from the first side toward the second side forms the first direction, the third side respectively intersects with the first side and the second side, the liquid crystal panel also comprises a data driving chip and at least one gate on array (GOA) circuit, the data driving chip is arranged to be close to the first side, and is configured to provide data signals to the data lines, one of the GOA circuits is arranged to be close to the third side, the GOA circuit comprises a plurality of GOA units, each of the GOA units comprises a signal buffer, the signal buffer is configured to buffer received gate driving signals, and to provide the buffered gate driving signals to the corresponding gate lines, dimensions of the signal buffer of each of the GOA unit are in an increasing order along a direction from the first side toward the second side, or numbers of the signal buffers of each of the GOA units are in the increasing order along the direction from the first side toward the second side, wherein when the dimensions of the signal buffer within each of the GOA unit are gradually increased along the direction from the first side to the second side, starting from the first GOA unit located close to the first side, N number of adjacent GOA units are defined as a GOA unit set, and different GOA unit sets comprise different GOA units, with respect to the same GOA unit set, the dimensions of the signal buffer are the same, with respect to different GOA unit sets, the dimensions of the signal buffer within the GOA unit set are linearly increased along the direction from the first side to the second side, wherein N is a positive integer.

US Pat. No. 10,114,260

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device comprising a display region having a shape other than a rectangle and including a TFT substrate on which a scanning line, drain lines and video signal lead-out lines are formed, wherein:a selector is disposed between the drain lines and the video signal lead-out lines;
the scanning line is connected to a scanning circuit for supplying a scanning signal;
the scanning line and the video signal lead-out lines cross with each other;
the number of pixels in an extending direction of the scanning line in the display region is different from the number of pixels in an extending direction of the drain lines; and
the selector has selector TFTs, and a channel width of one of the selector TFTs corresponding to a row having a larger number of the pixels in the extending direction of the drain lines is larger than a channel width of another of the selector TFTs corresponding to a row having a smaller number of the pixels in the extending direction of the drain lines.

US Pat. No. 10,114,259

ARRAY SUBSTRATE, LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. A manufacturing method of an array substrate, wherein the method comprises:exposing and developing metallic material deposited on a substrate by a first mask at a time, respectively obtaining a data line pattern and a light shield layer pattern separately disposed on a same layer;
forming a first insulating layer and an oxide semiconductor layer on the data line pattern and the light shield layer pattern in sequence, exposing and developing the oxide semiconductor layer deposited on the first insulating layer by a second mask at a time, obtaining a source electrode pattern, a drain electrode pattern, an oxide semiconductor layer pattern and a common electrode pattern respectively, wherein the oxide semiconductor layer pattern is capable of preventing influence of light completely subjected to shelter of the light shield layer pattern;
forming a second insulating layer and a gate electrode layer on the source electrode pattern, the drain electrode pattern, the oxide semiconductor layer pattern and the common electrode pattern in sequence, exposing and developing the second insulating layer by a third mask at a time, obtaining a second insulating layer pattern and a gate electrode pattern respectively, the second insulating layer pattern and the gate electrode pattern disposed on the oxide semiconductor layer pattern;
processing the source electrode pattern, the drain electrode pattern and the common electrode pattern without protection of the second insulating layer pattern and the gate electrode pattern by doping treatment, converting material of the source electrode pattern, the drain electrode pattern and the common electrode pattern from the oxide semiconductor material to conductive material, the source electrode pattern and the drain electrode pattern disposed adjacently to two sides of the oxide semiconductor layer pattern respectively, the common electrode pattern and the drain electrode pattern disposed separately;
forming an insulated interlayer deposition on the first insulating layer pattern, the source electrode pattern, the gate electrode pattern, the drain electrode pattern and the common electrode pattern, exposing and developing the interlayer deposition by a fourth mask at a time, forming a first contact hole, a second contact hole and a third contact hole throughout the interlayer deposition respectively, one end of the first contact hole extending to and penetrating the first insulating layer pattern to connect with the data line pattern, one end of the second contact hole and the source electrode pattern connected, one end of the third contact hole and the drain electrode pattern connected;
forming a transparent electrode layer on the interlayer deposition, fully filling the transparent electrode material in the first contact hole, the second contact hole and the third contact hole, exposing and developing the transparent electrode layer by a fifth mask at a time, obtaining a transparent electrode layer pattern and a pixel electrode pattern respectively, the transparent electrode layer pattern connected with the other end of the first contact hole and the other end of the second contact hole respectively, making the source electrode pattern to connect with the data line pattern electrically through the second contact hole, the transparent electrode layer pattern and the first contact hole, the pixel electrode pattern and the other end of the third contact hole connected, to achieve electrical connection of the pixel electrode pattern and the drain electrode pattern;
the common electrode pattern divided into a plurality of parts, or the common electrode pattern is integrated.

US Pat. No. 10,114,258

NARROW BEZEL DISPLAY DEVICE

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A display device, comprising:a lower substrate having a display area and a non-display area;
an upper substrate corresponding to the lower substrate and including a black matrix (BM);
a bezel located on the non-display area and including a GIP driver, a plurality of signal transmission lines, a connection line connecting the GIP driver and the plurality of signal transmission lines, and a seal area having a sealant, in a direction being apart from one side of the display area;
a plurality of bridge patterns located on the non-display area and electrically connects the GIP driver and the connection line, and the connection line and the plurality of signal transmission lines, respectively; and
a plurality of shield patterns enclosing the plurality of bridge patterns,
wherein the plurality of shield patterns reduces an area in which the sealant and the plurality of bridge patterns are in directly contact with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,114,257

CONDUCTING FILM OR ELECTRODE WITH IMPROVED OPTICAL AND ELECTRICAL PERFORMANCE FOR DISPLAY AND LIGHTING DEVICES AND SOLAR CELLS

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

1. A solid state lighting element, comprising layers arranged in the following order:a first substrate;
a first electrode;
a light emitting material;
a second electrode; and
a second substrate,
wherein at least one of the first and second electrodes comprises:
a first transparent or semitransparent conductive layer;
a second transparent or semitransparent conductive layer; and
a transparent or semitransparent intervening layer located between the first and second conductive layers, wherein the intervening layer comprises an inorganic dielectric,
wherein the intervening layer includes electrically conductive transparent or semitransparent pathways extending through the intervening layer between and in contact with the first and second conductive layers,
wherein the first and second conductive layers each comprise a sheet of material and the first conductive layer is substantially coextensive with the second conductive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,114,256

ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL

XIAMEN TIANMA MICRO-ELECT...

1. An array substrate, comprising:a substrate;
a plurality of scanning lines and a plurality of data lines arranged above the substrate, wherein the plurality of scanning lines intercepts the plurality of data lines to define a plurality of pixel regions;
a plurality of switch elements each disposed in close proximity to an intersection of one of the scanning lines and one of the data lines, wherein each of the plurality of switch elements comprises a gate electrode, a semiconductor layer, a source electrode and a drain electrode;
a plurality of pixel electrodes and a plurality of common electrodes, wherein each of the plurality of pixel electrodes comprises strip-type electrodes and two connecting end portions, wherein each of the connecting end portions is substantially parallel to the plurality of scanning lines,
and
wherein the strip-type electrodes each includes three portions: a first straight-line portion connecting to a second straight-line portion on one end and a third straight-line portion on another end, wherein the second straight-line portion and the third straight-line portion are parallel to each other; and
wherein each of the plurality of common electrodes is a planar electrode covering the scanning lines and the data lines between two adjacent pixel regions and has an opening exposing the switch elements in each said pixel region including the gate electrode, the semiconductor layer, the source electrode and the drain electrode;
a source-drain metal layer patterned on the substrate;
a planarization layer disposed on the source-drain metal layer;
a pixel electrode layer comprising the plurality of pixel electrodes patterned on the planarization layer;
a common electrode layer comprising the plurality of common electrodes patterned on the planarization layer; and
an alignment layer patterned above the common electrode, having an alignment direction substantially perpendicular to a scanning line direction;
wherein a first angle between a direction of the first straight-line portion and the alignment direction is in a range of 4 to 6 degrees, and wherein a second angle between a direction of the second straight-line portion and the third straight-line portion and the alignment direction is larger than the first angle; and
wherein the strip-type electrodes in two adjacent pixel regions at opposite sides of a scanning line are substantially symmetric.

US Pat. No. 10,114,254

PIXEL STRUCTURE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A pixel structure, comprising a backing plate, a first metal layer arranged on the backing plate, a first insulation layer arranged on the first metal layer and the backing plate, a semiconductor layer arranged on the first insulation layer, a second metal layer arranged on the semiconductor layer and the first insulation layer, a second insulation layer arranged on the second metal layer, the semiconductor layer, and the first insulation layer, and a transparent conductive layer arranged on the second insulation layer;wherein the first metal layer comprises a scan line;
wherein the semiconductor layer comprises a first active layer and a second active layer that are spaced from each other, and the first active layer and the second active layer are both arranged to be located above and correspond to the scan line;
wherein the second metal layer comprises a first data line, a first source electrode connected to one side of the first data line, a first drain electrode spaced from the first source electrode, a second data line, a second source electrode connected to one side of the second data line, and a second drain electrode spaced from the second source electrode;
wherein the first data line and the second data line are each arranged across over the scan line in a manner of being substantially perpendicular thereto; the first source electrode and the first drain electrode are respectively set in contact engagement with two opposite sides of the first active layer; and the second source electrode and the second drain electrode are respectively set in contact engagement with two opposite sides of the second active layer;
wherein the transparent conductive layer comprises a first pixel electrode and a second pixel electrode that are not connected to each other; and
wherein the second insulation layer comprises a first via formed therein and located above and corresponding to the first drain electrode and a second via formed therein and located above and corresponding to the second drain electrode, wherein the first pixel electrode is set in contact engagement with the first drain electrode through the first via and the second pixel electrode is set in contact engagement with the second drain electrode through the second via;
wherein the first pixel electrode comprises a vertical trunk electrode and a horizontal trunk electrode, which intersect each other in a manner of being perpendicular to each other, and four pixel electrode areas that defined by the perpendicular intersection between the horizontal trunk electrode and the vertical trunk electrode, each of the pixel electrode areas comprising a plurality of first strip-like branch electrodes that are connected to the horizontal trunk electrode or the vertical trunk electrode at an angle of ±45° or ±135° therebetween, the plurality of first strip-like branch electrodes of the four pixel electrode areas being arranged symmetric with respect to the horizontal trunk electrode and the vertical trunk electrode in a left-right direction and a top-down direction so as to form a pixel electrode configuration of superimposition of a “cross” and a “saltire”; and
wherein the second pixel electrode comprises a frame electrode located outside a periphery of the first pixel electrode and a plurality of second strip-like branch electrodes each connected to the frame electrode, the plurality of second strip-like branch electrodes being arranged and distributed in the four pixel electrode areas of the first pixel electrode and being also arranged to parallel and alternate with the first strip-like branch electrodes in each of the pixel electrode areas.

US Pat. No. 10,114,253

DISPLAY PANEL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND SUBSTRATE CURVING DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A method for manufacturing a display panel, comprising steps of:providing two substrates for forming the display panel;
arranging the two substrates opposite to each other, curving, by a substrate curving device, the two substrates at a predetermined curvature, and directly dripping liquid crystals into a space between the two curved substrates;
arranging the two curved substrates opposite to each other to form a cell subsequent to the dripping of the liquid crystals;
flatting, by the substrate curving device, the resultant display panel formed by arranging the two curved substrates opposite to each other to form a cell, and performing panel treatment processes to the flatted display panel, wherein the panel treatment processes comprise a testing of the flatted display panel; and
curving, by the substrate curving device, the flatted display panel to the predetermined curvature subsequent to the panel treatment processes;
wherein the substrate curving device comprises: a front-surface constraining plate configured to constrain a front surface of a substrate and lateral-surface constraining pins configured to constrain lateral surfaces of the substrate, wherein the front-surface constraining plate comprises a curved surface which has a predetermined curvature and which is in contact with the front surface of the substrate so as to fix the substrate thereon;
wherein the curved surface of the front-surface constraining plate is provided with a plurality of vacuum adsorption holes, a plurality of hollow rods in communication with the vacuum adsorption holes is arranged on the front-surface constraining plate, and each hollow rod is capable of being changed between a vacuumized state where the substrate is constrained onto the front-surface constraining plate so as to curve the substrate at the predetermined curvature, and an inflated state where the substrate is separated from the front-surface constraining plate so as to enable the substrate to be in a flat state.

US Pat. No. 10,114,252

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A liquid crystal display panel, comprising a color filter substrate and an array substrate opposite to each other, wherein a side of the color filter substrate facing the array substrate is provided thereon with a first photo spacer, a side of the array substrate facing the color filter substrate is provided thereon with a second photo spacer at a position corresponding to that of the first photo spacer, and an end of the first photo spacer far away from the color filter substrate and an end of the second photo spacer far away from the array substrate are capable of shifting relative to each other,wherein the first photo spacer and the second photo spacer have truncated cone structures, the end of the first photo spacer far away from the color filter substrate and the end of the second photo spacer far away from the array substrate are fitted to each other and
wherein a surface area of the end of the second photo spacer far away from the array substrate is larger than that of the end of the first photo spacer far away from the color filter substrate,
wherein alignment layers are provided on the color filter substrate and the first photo spacer, and on the array substrate and the second photo spacer, respectively, and
wherein a recessed structure is formed on a top surface of the alignment layer provided on the end of the second photo spacer far away from the array substrate by varying a thickness of the alignment layer, and the end of the first photo spacer far away from the color filter substrate is fitted in the recessed structure.

US Pat. No. 10,114,251

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY HAVING HOLDING MEMBER AND METHOD OF FABRICATING SAME

A.U. VISTA, INC., Milpit...

1. A pixel structure having a light transmitting region and a light shielding region, comprising:a first substrate having a counter electrode;
a second substrate having a plurality of signal lines, a pixel electrode, a thin-film transistor (TFT), a color filter layer and a bottom black matrix, wherein the color filter layer comprises a plurality of color filters;
a liquid crystal layer having liquid crystal molecules and formed between the first substrate and the second substrate; and
a holding member formed in the light shielding region and attached to the first substrate and the second substrate,
wherein the ratio of a projection area of the holding member to a projection area of the light shielding region is greater than 20%, and
wherein a projection of the holding member along a direction substantially perpendicular to the second substrate onto the color filter layer covers two adjacent ones of the color filters.

US Pat. No. 10,114,250

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A liquid crystal display comprising:a lower display panel including a lower polarizing plate disposed between a lower transparent substrate and a passivation layer of the lower display panel; and
an upper display panel including an upper polarizing plate disposed between an upper transparent substrate and a passivation layer of the upper display panel,
wherein at least one of the lower polarizing plate and the upper polarizing plate is a reflection type polarizing plate and includes a plurality of linear patterns arranged so as to be extended in one direction, a hydrophobic layer covering at least a portion of side wall portions of the linear patterns, and an interval part filled with air, and
wherein the interval part is disposed between the plurality of linear patterns.

US Pat. No. 10,114,249

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF

XIAMEN TIANMA MICRO-ELECT...

1. A liquid crystal display (LCD) panel, comprising:a first transparent substrate;
a second transparent substrate arranged opposite to the first transparent substrate;
a plurality of sub-regions arranged in a matrix, including at least one first sub-region and at least one second sub-region;
a first organic film layer formed on the first transparent substrate and a second organic film layer formed on the second transparent substrate;
a first alignment layer formed on the first transparent substrate and a second alignment layer formed on the second transparent substrate, wherein the first alignment layer is facing the second alignment layer;
a liquid crystal layer sandwiched between the first transparent substrate and the second transparent substrate;
a plurality of scanning lines and a plurality of data lines formed on the first transparent substrate or the second transparent substrate, wherein the scanning lines intersect with the data lines, defining a plurality of pixel regions;
a switching element placed close to an intersection of a scanning line and a data line; and
a plurality of pixel electrodes and a plurality of common electrodes formed in the pixel regions, wherein a pixel electrode or a common electrode includes a plurality of stripe-shaped electrodes,
wherein:
all the stripe-shaped electrodes disposed in a same pixel region extend along a same direction,
the first organic film layer has a first polarization axis in the at least one first sub-region, the second organic film layer has a second polarization axis in the at least one first sub-region, the first polarization axis has an angle ? with the second polarization axis, wherein 89°???91°,
the first organic film layer has a third polarization axis in the at least one second sub-region, and the second organic film layer has a fourth polarization axis in the at least one second sub-region,
the third polarization axis is different from the first third polarization axis, and the fourth polarization axis is different from the second polarization axis,
the first alignment layer and the second alignment layer both have a first alignment direction in the at least one first sub-region, and both have a second alignment direction in the at least one second sub-region,
the second alignment direction in the at least one second sub-region is different from the first alignment direction in the at least one first sub-region.

US Pat. No. 10,114,248

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF

XIAMEN TIANMA MICRO-ELECT...

1. A liquid crystal display panel, comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate arranged opposite to the first substrate, wherein the display panel includes a plurality of regions arranged in an array, and n regions form a region group, n being an integer and n?3;
a liquid crystal layer disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate;
a first alignment layer having a first alignment direction and disposed on the first substrate, the first alignment direction in each of the n regions being different;
a second alignment layer having a second alignment direction and disposed on the second substrate, the second alignment direction in each of the n regions being different, wherein the second alignment direction is same as the first alignment direction in a same region;
a first organic film layer having a first polarization direction and disposed on the first substrate, the first polarization direction in each of the n regions being different; and
a second organic film layer having a second polarization direction and disposed on the second substrate, the second polarization direction in each of the n regions being different,
wherein the first alignment directions of at least two regions of the n regions are perpendicular with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,114,244

CURVED DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., LTD....

1. A curved display device comprising:a display panel having a shape, and including a first segment, a second segment, and a third segment which are sequentially defined along an edge in the display panel;
a support member which is combined with the display panel and supports the curved shape of the display panel; and
a spacer placed in correspondence with the second segment of the first to third segments and disposed between the display panel and the support member,
wherein the display panel is curved with a first curvature radius along a first direction in the second segment, and the first and third segments are flat,
wherein a side of the display panel is defined along the first direction,
wherein the side of the display panel includes a curved line having the first curvature radius in the second segment, a first straight line in the first segment, and a second straight line in the third segment, the first straight line meets the curved line at a first point, and the second straight line meets the curved line at a second point spaced from the first point, and wherein the first straight line is tangent to the curved line at the first point, and the second straight line is tangent to the curved line at the second point.

US Pat. No. 10,114,238

ACTIVELY CONTROLLABLE COLOR USING HIGH CONTRAST METASTRUCTURES

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVER...

1. A photonic apparatus, comprising:a high contrast metastructure (HCM) having a plurality of high index grating structures; and
a transparent flexible film coupled to said high contrast metastructure (HCM);
wherein said high index grating structures of said high contrast metastructure (HCM) are disposed on, or within, said transparent flexible film in a combination forming a photonic device; and
wherein said combination of high contrast metastructure (HCM) and said transparent flexible film are configured so that the size of low index gaps between adjacent high index grating structures changes in response to compressive strain or tensile strain which results in change of reflectance and transmission angles causing a color change in said photonic device.

US Pat. No. 10,114,237

SURFACES WITH PHOTONIC CRYSTAL COATINGS AND METHODS OF CUSTOMIZING THE VISUAL APPEARANCE THEREOF

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A surface structure comprising:a substrate;
a photonic crystal coating disposed on the substrate, the photonic crystal coating comprising capsules dispersed in a matrix material, each capsule comprising particles disposed in a medium; and
wherein the particles are configured to align in an ordered array upon application of an electromagnetic field.

US Pat. No. 10,114,236

DISPLAY DEVICE AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a display unit including:
scan lines,
data lines,
unit areas corresponding to intersections of the scan lines and the data lines, the unit areas including first unit areas in an effective display area, second unit areas in a dummy area around the effective display area, some of the second unit areas being smaller than the first unit areas, and
pixels in the first unit areas;
a timing controller configured to receive first data including image data corresponding to the first and second unit areas, the timing controller further configured to convert the first data into second data corresponding to the effective display area, and to output the second data; and
a data driver configured to generate a data signal that corresponds to the second data, and to supply the data signal to the data lines,
wherein the display unit includes a first horizontal line having fewer pixels than the number of the data lines, and
wherein, during a first horizontal period corresponding to the first horizontal line, the data signal that corresponds to the second data is applied to data lines connected to the pixels of the first horizontal line, and a predetermined first voltage is applied to the other data lines.

US Pat. No. 10,114,226

OPTICAL DEVICE

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. An optical device, comprising:a light guiding plate which guides lights within a surface parallel to an emission surface; and
a plurality of light converging sections onto which the lights guided by the light guiding plate are incident, each of the plurality of light converging sections having an optical surface which allows the lights guided by the light guiding plate to be emitted from the emission surface in a direction where the emitted light is to be substantially converged on one convergence point or convergence line in space viewed from a distance by a viewer, or to be substantially diverged from one convergence point or convergence line in space viewed from a distance by a viewer, wherein
the plurality of light converging sections are formed respectively along a predetermined line within the surface parallel to the emission surface,
the convergence points or the convergence lines are different from each other among the plurality of light converging sections and an image is formed in space distant from the viewer by an aggregation of a plurality of the convergence points or the convergence lines, and
each of the plurality of light converging sections comprise a plurality of reflection surfaces on a main surface angled to be non-parallel with an opposing emission surface so as to cause lights reflected off the plurality of reflection surfaces to converge on a common point or line.

US Pat. No. 10,114,225

DIRECTIONAL BACKLIGHT UNIT, THREE-DIMENSIONAL (3D) IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS, AND 3D IMAGE DISPLAYING METHOD

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

18. A directional backlight device comprising:a light guide plate;
a light source configured to provide light to the light guide plate; and
a plurality of grating elements provided on an emission surface of the light guide plate and configured to externally emit the light from the emission surface such that the light propagates through a plurality of pixel points spaced apart from the emission surface,
wherein at least two of the plurality of grating elements match with each pixel point from among the plurality of pixel points, two adjacent grating elements match with different pixel points from among the plurality of pixel points, and light beams emitted from the at least two grating elements propagate through one pixel point matched with the at least two grating elements and then are simultaneously directed toward different view points.

US Pat. No. 10,114,223

IMAGING DEVICE AND DATA EYEGLASSES

tooz technologies GmbH, ...

1. An imaging device for displaying a virtual image, comprising:at least one eyeglass lens to be worn in front of the eye lens;
a display device arranged on the edge region of the eyeglass lens, comprising:
an image generator for displaying an outlet image; and
imaging optics arranged between the image generator and the eyeglass lens for producing the virtual image from the output image,
wherein the image generator defines the start point of an imaging beam path producing the virtual image with an image distance from the output image,
wherein the imaging beam path undergoes incoupling into the eyeglass lens due to the imaging optics via the edge region; and
an outcoupling device present in the eyeglass lens for outcoupling of the imaging beam path in the direction of the eye,
wherein the display device comprises a device for adjusting the imaging device of the virtual image, the display device for adjusting the imaging device of the virtual image including at least three actuators connected to the image generator for effecting displacement of the image generator, each of the at least three actuators arranged at the corners of a notional triangle, and each of the at least three actuators connected to the image generator.

US Pat. No. 10,114,221

TOGGLING A 360-DEGREE CAMERA TO SELFIE VIEW

ESSENTIAL PRODUCTS, INC.,...

7. An image capture system comprising:(i) a smartphone including:
a processor;
a touch-sensitive display screen; and
an interface configured to wirelessly couple the smartphone to an accessory while mounted to the smartphone; and
(ii) a camera accessory coupled to the interface, the camera accessory including:
a plurality of camera modules enabled to capture a plurality of field of views spanning 360-degrees including a reference view, which is a field of view including a user of the smartphone;
wherein the processor is configured to:
responsive to an input by the user on the smartphone, cause the system to toggle from displaying on the display screen any of the plurality of field of views spanning 360-degrees to displaying a reference view on the display screen; and
responsive to another input by the user on the smartphone, cause the system to switch from displaying the reference view on the display screen to displaying a return view on the display screen, the return view being a field of view displayed before the system was toggled to display the reference view on the display screen.

US Pat. No. 10,114,220

EXIT PUPIL EXPANDING DIFFRACTIVE OPTICAL WAVEGUIDING DEVICE

WAVE OPTICS LTD, Maidenh...

1. An optical device for expanding input light in two dimensions in an augmented reality display, comprising:a waveguide;
an input diffractive optical element configured to couple input light into the waveguide; and
two diffractive optical elements entirely overlaid on one another in or on the waveguide, wherein each of the two diffractive optical elements is configured to receive light from the input diffractive optical element and couple it towards the other diffractive optical element which can then act as an output diffractive optical element providing outcoupled orders towards a viewer,
wherein each diffractive optical element comprises grooves and a grating vector in the plane of the grooves, having a direction that is normal to the grooves and a magnitude which is inversely related to the pitch of the grooves,
wherein the input and output diffractive optical elements respectively have grating vectors with a substantially equal magnitude,
wherein a combination of the respective grating vectors of the input diffractive optical element and the two diffractive optical elements is a resultant vector with substantially zero magnitude, and
wherein the grating vectors of the two diffractive optical elements subtend equal and opposite angles to the grating vector of the input diffractive optical element.

US Pat. No. 10,114,213

LASER SYSTEMS AND OPTICAL DEVICES FOR MANIPULATING LASER BEAMS

CVI LASER, LLC, Albuquer...

1. A multi-laser system, comprising:a laser configured to output a laser beam; and
a beam adjusting system configured to adjust an angular position of the laser beam and direct the adjusted laser beam toward a target object, the beam adjusting system comprising at least one meniscus shaped optical element having a first surface and a second opposite surface,
wherein said meniscus shaped optical element is adjustable to adjust the angular position of the laser beam, and
wherein the target object comprises a flow cell.

US Pat. No. 10,114,212

DEFLECTOR

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA C...

1. A deflector comprising:a substrate portion;
a swing portion;
a reflective portion;
a support portion; and
an electrostatic or magnetic drive mechanism; and
a biasing mechanism, wherein
the swing portion is swingably placed on a first end of the support portion,
a second end of the support portion is fixed to the substrate portion,
the reflective portion is formed on the swing portion,
the electrostatic or magnetic drive mechanism has a component configured to apply torque around a swing axis to the swing portion,
the biasing mechanism is configured to bias the swing portion toward the support portion, at least when force in a separating direction from the support portion acts on the swing portion,
the biasing mechanism is any one of a first biasing mechanism and a second biasing mechanism,
the first biasing mechanism includes an insulator provided on at least one of the support portion and the swing portion, and voltage applying mechanism for applying a voltage between the support portion and the swing portion, and biases the swing portion toward the support portion by utilizing electrostatic force,
the second biasing mechanism includes a magnet provided on the swing portion, and a magnetic material provided on the support portion, and biases the swing portion toward the support portion by utilizing magnetic force.

US Pat. No. 10,114,206

MICROSCOPY SLIDE SCANNER WITH VARIABLE MAGNIFICATION

1. An instrument for scanning a large microscope specimen, the instrument comprising a detector array that is part of an optical train to focus light from the specimen onto the detector array, the specimen being movable relative to the detector array, the optical train having an infinity corrected objective, the specimen being mounted on a support and moving relative to the detector array during scanning by a scanner, the instrument having a magnification that is adjustable using a zoom tube lens over a continuous range of magnification to enable scans of the specimen to be taken over a range of resolutions with the same infinity corrected objective, a rapid, low-resolution scan can be used to provide an index image for finding areas of interest, the magnification being increased with the same infinity corrected objective to allow the scanner to acquire a high resolution image of at least one of the areas of interest, the detector array being an area detector for scanning using Moving Specimen Image Averaging.

US Pat. No. 10,114,204

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR OPTICAL BEAM SCANNING MICROSCOPY

HORIBA JOBIN YVON SAS, L...

1. An apparatus for optical beam scanning microscopy comprising:at least one light source configured to emit an optical beam;
a microscope objective having an entrance pupil, the microscope objective being arranged according to a longitudinal optical axis of the microscopy apparatus, the pupil having a center on the longitudinal optical axis and the microscope objective being configured to focus said optical beam in an object plane transverse to the longitudinal optical axis; and
an angular displacement system configured to angularly displace the optical beam according to two transverse spatial directions in the object plane, the angular displacement system consisting of:
a first mirror and a second mirror disposed in series on the optical path of the optical beam between the light source and the microscope objective,
the first mirror being mounted on an actuator with two axes of rotation configured to tilt said first mirror according to a first predetermined rotation angle around a first rotation axis and configured to tilt the first mirror according to a third predetermined rotation angle around a second rotation axis transverse to the first rotation axis,
the second mirror being mounted on another actuator with two axes of rotation configured to tilt said second mirror according to a second predetermined rotation angle as a function of said first rotation angle, around the first rotation axis and configured to tilt the second mirror according to a fourth predetermined rotation angle as a function of the third rotation angle around the second rotation axis transverse to the first rotation axis, to angularly tilt the axis of the optical beam by pivoting about the center of the pupil of the microscope objective, said optical beam remaining centered on the center of the pupil of the microscope objective in a range of tilting angles of the axis of the optical beam with respect to the longitudinal optical axis, to displace the optical beam according to said two directions in the object plane.

US Pat. No. 10,114,203

MICROSCOPY IMAGING

Alentic Microscience Inc....

1. An apparatus comprising:a portable housing containing
a lid,
a light source,
a photosensitive array of pixels at a first surface,
the first surface being configured to receive a specimen with at least a part of the specimen at a distance from the first surface equal to less than three times the average wavelength produced by the light source,
a second surface configured to be movable to and from a predefined position relative to the first surface, and
a fluid flow system configured to enable a droplet of the specimen to be applied from a pipette or syringe to the first surface.

US Pat. No. 10,114,201

ZOOM LENS SYSTEM, IMAGE CAPTURING DEVICE

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A zoom lens system having a plurality of lens groups each composed of at least one lens element, comprising, in the following order from an object side toward an image side:a first lens group with negative power;
a second lens group with positive power;
a third lens group with negative power; and
a fourth lens group with positive power,
wherein the first lens group includes, in the following order from the object side toward the image side:
a first lens element having a negative meniscus shape with a concave surface of the shape facing the image side,
a second lens element having a negative meniscus shape with a concave surface of the shape facing the image side,
a third lens element with a concave surface of the element facing the image side,
a fourth lens element with a convex surface of the element facing the object side, and
a fifth lens element with a concave surface of the element facing the object side,
wherein the third lens element and the fourth lens element compose a cemented lens, and
satisfying conditional expression (4) below,
50??w?70  (4)
where
?w is a half view angle (°) at a wide-angle end.

US Pat. No. 10,114,200

IMAGING OPTICAL SYSTEM AND OPTICAL APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. An imaging optical system configured to form a conjugate relation between a conjugate point on an enlargement side having a long distance and a conjugate point on a reduction side having a short distance,the imaging optical system comprising:
an aperture stop;
a first cemented lens;
a second cemented lens; and
a third cemented lens,
wherein
the first cemented lens is positioned closer to the enlargement side than the aperture stop is,
the second cemented lens is positioned closer to the reduction side than a predetermined lens unit is, and adjacent to the predetermined lens unit,
the third cemented lens is positioned closer to the reduction side than the aperture stop is,
the predetermined lens unit has a negative refractive power and includes all of lenses located from a lens positioned closest to the enlargement side to the first cemented lens,
the first cemented lens includes, in order from the enlargement side, a positive lens and a negative lens and has a surface closest to the reduction side having a concave surface facing toward the reduction side,
the second cemented lens includes, in order from the enlargement side, a negative lens and a positive lens and has a surface closest to the enlargement side having a concave surface facing toward the enlargement side,
the third cemented lens includes, in order from the enlargement side, a positive lens and a negative lens,
one or two moving lens units only moving at a time of focusing are included, and
the lenses other than the moving lens units are fixed.

US Pat. No. 10,114,193

FLY'S EYE OPTICAL MIRROR WITH A PLURALITY OF OPTICAL ELEMENTS ROTATIONALLY ALIGNED ALONG TWO AXES

Nikon Corporation, (JP)

1. A mirror structure for reflecting incident light onto a surface, comprising:a first sub-structure including a plurality of spaced apart first mirror surfaces that reflect the incident light onto the surface, with more than one of the first mirror surfaces arranged along both a first axis and a second axis; and
a second sub-structure including a plurality of spaced apart second mirror surfaces that reflect the incident light onto the surface, with more than one of the second mirror surfaces arranged along both the first axis and the second axis;
the first sub-structure and the second sub-structure being integrated together with respect to one another so that the first mirror surfaces and the second mirror surfaces are positioned side-by-side relative to one another along both the first axis and the second axis to form the mirror structure, wherein at least one of the first mirror surfaces is positioned between second mirror surfaces along one of the first axis and the second axis.

US Pat. No. 10,114,191

LENS UNIT, VEHICLE-MOUNTED CAMERA, AND IMAGING DEVICE

KYOCERA Corporation, Kyo...

1. A lens unit, comprising:a lens barrel including a wall portion that is disposed on at least a part of a circumference on a plane perpendicular to a first direction and that extends in the first direction, the wall portion including at least two first inclined portions and at least two second inclined portions, the first inclined portions are formed around a first circumference about a central axis, the second inclined portions are formed around a second circumference about the central axis that is positioned a spaced distance along the central axis from the first circumference, and the first inclined portions are alternately formed with the second inclined portions, a distance from each first inclined portion to the central axis, which passes through a center of the circumference and which is parallel with the first direction, being decreased as the first inclined portion extends to the first direction, and a distance from each second inclined portion to the central axis being increased as the second inclined portion extends to the first direction; and
a lens held in the wall portion by the first inclined portions and the second inclined portions.

US Pat. No. 10,114,189

COUPLER FOR CABLE TROUGH

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. A cable trough system comprising:a trough member having a terminal end and including opposing longitudinally-extending first and second sidewalls coupled to a bottom wall generally forming a trough, an exterior surface of the first sidewall of the trough member including opposing longitudinally-extending channel walls projecting outwardly from the exterior surface, extending along a longitudinal direction of the trough member, and defining a slot therebetween, wherein the slot extends from the terminal end to an opposing terminal end of the trough member;
a coupler including a body including a bottom wall and two opposing longitudinally-extending side walls defining a trough, the body having a body terminal end defining an overlap region, the overlap region being sized to slideably receive the terminal end of the trough member along a longitudinal direction of the body; and
a spring comprising at least one resilient spring arm coupled to an outer surface of one of the two side walls of the coupler;
wherein the entirety of the spring is received between the opposing channel walls in the slot when the trough member is inserted into the coupler; and
wherein the spring is biased to resiliently expand in a plane parallel to the first sidewall such that the spring engages at least one of the opposing channel walls within the slot to couple the trough member to the coupler.

US Pat. No. 10,114,186

OPTICAL FIBER CABLE, AND METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MANUFACTURING OPTICAL FIBER CABLE

FUJIKURA LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. An optical fiber cable comprising:a core comprising a plurality of units which are assembled and are twisted so as to form a plurality of layers, each of which comprises a plurality of optical fibers which are assembled, and which comprises a plurality of first-layer units and a plurality of second-layer units;
a pair of tension members disposed so as to face each other with the core interposed therebetween; and
a sheath covering the core and the pair of tension members collectively, wherein:
the plurality of layers comprises a first layer comprising the first-layer units formed in an SZ-twisted shape and a second layer covering the first layer and comprising the second-layer units formed in an SZ-twisted shape;
the first layer is arranged at a center portion of the core; and
a twisting direction of the first-layer units is opposite to a twisting direction of the second-layer units in at least a portion in a cable length direction.

US Pat. No. 10,114,183

SCREWLESS HEAT SINK ATTACHMENT

FINISAR CORPORATION, Sun...

1. An optoelectronic system comprising:an optoelectronic module that includes a housing and first and second housing slide locks that extend outward from opposite sides of the housing in a direction parallel to a housing top of the housing, the opposite sides of the housing including a first housing side and a second housing side;
a heat sink that includes a heat sink bottom and first and second heat sink slide locks that extend parallel relative to the heat sink bottom and that extend inward from respective bottom surfaces of the first and second heat sink legs that extend downward from opposite ends of the heat sink bottom;
a first housing hard stop that extends outward from the first housing side and downward from a trailing end of the first housing slide lock; and
a second housing hard stop that extends outward from the second housing side and downward from a trailing end of the second housing slide lock, wherein:
the heat sink bottom is configured to be in thermal contact with a housing top of the housing of the optoelectronic module;
each of the first and second heat sink slide locks is configured to be respectively disposed beneath the first and second housing slide locks when the heat sink is removably secured to the housing;
the first housing hard stop prevents a leading end of the first heat sink slide lock from exceeding, in a sliding installation direction, the first housing hard stop; and
the second housing hard stop prevents a leading end of the second heat sink slide lock from exceeding, in the sliding installation direction, the second housing hard stop.

US Pat. No. 10,114,179

OPTICAL CONNECTOR, PIN KEEPER, PIN INSERTION JIG, EXPANSION MEMBER, AND PIN INSERTION TOOL

SEI OPTIFRONTIER CO., LTD...

1. An optical connector that is connected to another connector in a predetermined connection direction, the optical connector comprising:a ferrule that includes insertion holes into which pins to be connected to the another connector are to be inserted; and
a pin keeper that is provided on a side of the ferrule opposite to the another connector and includes retaining holes retaining the pins inserted into the insertion holes,
wherein the pin keeper includes a pair of side portions in which the retaining holes are formed, and a bottom portion that connects end portions of the pair of side portions, and
the retaining holes are formed in a shape in which inside surfaces of the side portions facing each other are notched, the optical connector further comprising
a housing that receives the ferrule and the pin keeper,
wherein the housing includes a first opening through which an expansion member widening the pair of side portions is inserted into the housing, and
the pair of side portions is pushed to be widened when the expansion member is inserted from the first opening and comes into contact with the inside of each of the side portions.

US Pat. No. 10,114,173

OPTICAL DEVICE

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A microring resonator (MRR) comprising: a ring optical waveguide core; and an optical waveguide core, the optical waveguide core configured such that a first portion of the optical waveguide core provides space for a second portion of the ring waveguide core such that the first portion of the optical waveguide core overlaps the second portion of the ring waveguide core; wherein the optical waveguide core is larger in height than the ring optical waveguide core and the second portion of the ring optical waveguide core is embedded into the first portion of the optical waveguide core.

US Pat. No. 10,114,171

MULTIMODE OPTICAL FIBER AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING THEREOF

Panduit Corp., Tinley Pa...

1. A multimode optical fiber (MMF) for operating within a spectral window, said MMF comprising:a cladding; and
a core, said core having a radius a and a refractive index profile, said core comprising at least one dopant, a concentration of said at least one dopant varying between a center of said core and a,
wherein said spectral window is defined by an overlapping range of wavelengths (1) at which said MMF has an effective modal bandwidth (EMB) equal to or above a predefined minimum with one of a peak EMB or a minimum EMB occurring at wavelength ?p which is less than a maximum wavelength of said spectral window and (2) at which a differential mode delay (DMD) plot of said MMF exhibits a shift to the left of its higher order modes relative to its lower order modes,
wherein said DMD plot is measured by launching a plurality of optical pulses into one end of said core at various radial distances r and observing an arrival of said optical pulses at another end of said core at said various radial distances r to determine a velocity of any one of said plurality of optical pulses launched into said core at some radial distance r relative to any other of said plurality of optical pulses launched into said core at some other radial distance r, and
wherein said shift to the left is characterized by some of said plurality of optical pulses having a faster velocity relative to at least one other optical pulse having a slower velocity, said at least one other optical pulse having a slower velocity being launched into said core at a lower radial distance r than any of said some of said plurality of optical pulses having a faster velocity wherein said refractive index profile is characterized by a predefined value ?,
wherein said core includes ?_opt profile comprised of values ?_opt(?) defined by a function of wavelength ?, wherein for a given ? said ?_opt(?) value minimizes a group delay of said MMF when said ? is set equal to ?_opt(?), said ?_opt profile having one of a concave shape with a maximum ?_opt value or a convex shape with a minimum ?_opt value, and
wherein ? is less than or equal to said one of said maximum ?_opt value or said minimum ?_opt value.

US Pat. No. 10,114,170

DISPLAY APPARATUS

Sakai Display Products Co...

1. A display apparatus, comprising:a display panel to display an image on a front surface thereof;
a light guide plate being configured such that an upper surface thereof faces a rear surface of the display panel;
an optical sheet being located between the display panel and the light guide plate, and having first and second sides parallel to each other and third and fourth sides perpendicular to the first and second sides, a plurality of holes along the third side, the holes including a circular hole and a plurality of elliptical holes on both sides of the circular hole;
a panel support portion including a frame that has a first surface being in contact with the upper surface of the light guide plate and a second surface supporting a peripheral edge of the rear surface of the display panel; and
a sheet support portion protruding from the frame of the panel support portion into a gap between the light guide plate and the optical sheet, the sheet support portion having a plurality of pins to be inserted into the plurality of holes,
wherein the sheet support portion has a protruding portion that holds at least one portion of the first side of the optical sheet between the protruding portion itself and the display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,114,163

OPTICAL COMPONENT WITH IMAGE COMPENSATION

TAIWAN FIBER OPTICS, INC....

1. An optical component with image compensation comprising:a plurality of optical fibers arranged and connected in a same direction with each of the plurality of optical fibers including a core and a cladding;
wherein a refractive index of the core ranges from 1.55 to 1.91 and the cladding has a refractive index of 1.39˜1.53; wherein an acceptance angle of the plurality of optical fibers is larger than 11.5°;
wherein a section of the optical component includes an output face, an input face, and a lateral face; wherein the output face is formed by sections at one end of the plurality of optical fibers respectively and each of the sections obtained by cutting vertically is a perfect circle; wherein the sections on the output face have a same area because the sections on the output face are not affected by a force applied to the plurality of optical fibers; wherein the input face is formed by sections at the other end of the plurality of optical fibers while the sections are corresponding to the sections of the plurality of optical fibers on the output face; wherein an area of the sections on the input face is affected by the force applied so that the area of the sections of the optical fibers on the input face is decreased linearly in the direction toward the lateral face; wherein the sections on the input face are noncircular through oblique cutting; wherein the lateral face extends in the same direction as the plurality of optical fibers; wherein an angle formed between the input face and the lateral face is an obtuse angle while an angle formed between the output face and the lateral face is a first acute angle; and wherein an angle formed between the output face and the input face is a second acute angle.

US Pat. No. 10,114,159

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING POLARIZER AND POLARIZER MANUFACTURED BY THE SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A method for manufacturing a polarizer, the method comprising:a step of dyeing at least one dye of iodine and dichromatic dyes on a polyvinyl alcohol-based film;
a first cross-linking and elongating step of cross-linking and elongating the polyvinyl alcohol-based film and the dye by using a first aqueous solution including a polyvalent carboxylic acid compound and a boron compound;
a second cross-linking and elongating step of cross-linking and elongating the polyvinyl alcohol-based film and the dye by using a second aqueous solution including the polyvalent carboxylic acid compound and the boron compound; and
a step of drying the polyvinyl alcohol-based film,
wherein the first cross-linking and elongating step and the second cross-linking and elongating step satisfy the following Equations (1) and (2):
0.2?X+Y?3  Equation (1):
0.01?XY?2.25  Equation (2):
in Equations (1) and (2),
X is [a content of the polyvalent carboxylic acid compound of the first aqueous solution]/[a content of the boron compound of the first aqueous solution] of the first cross-linking and elongating step, and
Y is [a content of the polyvalent carboxylic acid compound of the second aqueous solution]/[a content of the boron compound of the second aqueous solution] of the second elongating and cross-linking step,
wherein the first and second aqueous solution each independently includes the polyvalent carboxylic acid compound in a content of 10 wt % to 150 wt % based on 100 wt % of the boron compound.

US Pat. No. 10,114,151

SOLID-STATE IMAGE SENSOR AND CAMERA

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A solid-state image sensor which includes a microlens array in which a plurality of microlenses are arrayed so as to constitute a plurality of rows and a plurality of columns,wherein when a first axis parallel to the plurality of rows and passing through an array center as a center of the microlens array, and a second axis parallel to the plurality of columns and passing through the array center are defined, microlenses, out of the plurality of microlenses, positioned on a virtual circle having the array center as a center include a first microlens positioned on one of the first axis and the second axis, and a second microlens positioned on neither the first axis nor the second axis,
each of the first microlens and the second microlens has a non-circular bottom shape,
a width of the second microlens in a second direction passing through the second microlens and the array center is longer than a width of the first microlens in a first direction passing through the first microlens and the array center, and
the first microlens has a line-symmetric shape with respect to a straight line parallel to the first direction as a symmetrical axis, and the second microlens has a line-symmetric shape with respect to a straight line parallel to the second direction as a symmetrical axis.

US Pat. No. 10,114,148

HETEROGENEOUS LOG ANALYSIS

NEC Corporation, (JP)

1. A method for heterogeneous log analysis, comprising:performing hierarchical log clustering on heterogeneous logs to generate a log cluster hierarchy for the heterogeneous logs by pruning search space for efficient querying, the pruning reducing processing time and memory requirements for the querying, the log cluster hierarchy including log clusters conforming to heterogenous and unknown log formats, the unknown log formats being domain-knowledge-free, and including logs from arbitrary and unknown applications;
performing, by a log pattern recognizer device having a processor, log pattern recognition on the log cluster hierarchy to generate log pattern representations, the log pattern recognition determining optimal representative layouts and log fields by executing context-free motif discovery within the log clusters;
generating log field statistics by automatically performing domain-knowledge-free log field analysis on the log pattern representations;
performing log indexing on the log pattern representations to generate searchable log indexes; and
searching the log cluster hierarchy based on the log indexes and the log field statistics responsive to a log query to generate log query results.

US Pat. No. 10,114,147

DEVICE FOR MONITORING TEMPERATURE RESPONSE TO STRESS CHANGE IN STRATA

SOUTH CHINA SEA INSTITUTE...

1. A device for monitoring a temperature response to a stress change in a strata, comprising:a sensor, disposed at a bottom of a borehole in the strata, encapsulated with an expansive cement, and configured to detect the stress change in the strata;
a temperature response amplifying unit, disposed in the borehole above the sensor, encapsulated with expansive cement, and configured to detect a temperature variation caused by the stress change and to amplify said temperature variation; and
a power controlling and data collecting module, disposed outside the borehole, and configured to supply power to the sensor and the temperature response amplifying unit and to collect the stress change and the amplified temperature variation,
wherein the temperature response amplifying unit comprises:
an encapsulating housing which is a columnar rubber sleeve; and
temperature sensors arranged respectively on a surface of the encapsulating housing and in a center of the encapsulating housing, the encapsulating housing being filled with a silicone or a rubber.

US Pat. No. 10,114,146

POWDER SENSING DEVICE, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND TONER COLLECTION CONTAINER

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A powder sensing device comprising:a housing formed of a transparent member and having powder housed therein; and
a light transmission-type sensor capable of sensing that powder is housed in the housing, the light transmission-type sensor including a light emitting unit configured to emit light and a light receiving unit configured to receive light emitted from the light emitting unit, the light transmission-type sensor being provided such that at least a part of the housing is disposed between the light emitting unit and the light receiving unit,
the housing having
a light incident surface through which light from the light emitting unit enters,
a light emission surface from which light toward the light receiving unit is emitted, and
an adjacent surface provided adjacent to the light emission surface,
the adjacent surface extending so as to be farther away from an optical axis that connects the light emitting unit and the light receiving unit as the adjacent surface is closer to the light emission surface in a direction of the optical axis that connects the light emitting unit and the light receiving unit.

US Pat. No. 10,114,140

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MICRORESISTIVITY IMAGING IN WHICH TRANSMITTER COIL AND RECEIVER COIL AXES ARE SUBSTANTIALLY PERPENDICULAR TO THE LONGITUDINAL AXIS OF THE TOOL BODY

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A downhole microresistivity logging tool comprising:a logging tool body having a longitudinal axis;
a transmitter coil deployed in the tool body, the transmitter coil including an electrical conductor wound about a magnetically permeable core, the electrical conductor being connected to a high frequency alternating current generator deployed in the tool body; and
a receiver coil deployed in the tool body, the receiver coil including an electrical conductor wound about a magnetically permeable core, the electrical conductor being connected to a high frequency alternating voltage sensor deployed in the tool body,
wherein the transmitter and receiver coils each define a coil axis that is substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the tool body,
wherein the receiver coil and the transmitter coil are deployed in the same plane, and
wherein the receiver coil is deployed within and coaxial with the transmitter coil.

US Pat. No. 10,114,139

MULTI-CAPACITOR LIQUID DETECTION DEVICE AND METHOD(S) OF USE

1. A multi-capacitor liquid detection device for use in a two liquid environment, the device comprising:a microcontroller;
a capacitive sensor operatively coupled to the microcontroller;
a first parallel plate capacitor connected to the capacitive sensor, the first parallel plate capacitor including a first pair of plates having a first height;
a second parallel plate capacitor connected to the capacitive sensor, the second parallel plate capacitor including a second pair of plates having a second height; and
a mounting plate, wherein the first pair of plates and the second pair of plates are each coupled to the mounting plate with a bottom of the first pair of plates extending a predetermined distance past a bottom of the second pair of plates.

US Pat. No. 10,114,129

SEMICONDUCTOR DETECTOR FOR X-RAY SINGLE-PHOTON DETECTION

THE RESEARCH FOUNDATION F...

1. A detector for detecting a single x-ray photon, the detector comprising:a semiconductor substrate, the semiconductor substrate comprising at least one element from each of Groups III and V of the Periodic Table of Elements; and
a plurality of pixels on the substrate, each pixel comprising:
a semiconductor diode fabricated on the substrate;
a semiconductor transistor comprising an epitaxial layer having at least one element from each of Groups III and V of the Periodic Table of Elements;
one electrode of the semiconductor diode electrically connected to a gate of the semiconductor transistor; and
a second electrode of the semiconductor diode electrically connected to a drain of the semiconductor transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,114,128

RADIATION SENSOR

Hunter Well Science, Inc....

1. A photon-beam sensor comprising:(a) a first radiation detector configured to provide a first electronic pulse indicative of a radiation event wherein the first electronic pulse has a characteristic time parameter;
(b) a second radiation detector configured to provide a second electronic pulse indicative of a radiation event wherein the second electronic pulse has a characteristic time parameter that is different from the characteristic time parameter of the first electronic pulse;
(c) a pulse-shape discriminator configured to distinguish the first electronic pulse from the second electronic pulse based on the characteristic time parameter of the first electronic pulse and the characteristic time parameter of the second electronic pulse; and
(d) a first shield assembly configured to provide a first radiation path to a first detector and a second radiation path to the second detector, wherein the first radiation path and the second radiation path each are configured to accept a material such that the first radiation path is configured to accept more of the material than is the second radiation path.

US Pat. No. 10,114,126

SENSOR INSTALLATION MONITORING

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

36. A method for monitoring small relative movement within an otherwise rigid structure or between otherwise relatively stationary structures, the method comprising:under control of at least one hardware processor and memory configured with executable instructions:
receiving signals from pairs of sensors installed at various surveyed monitoring points on one or more structures;
computing surveyed baseline vector between the pairs of sensors using the signals received from the pairs of sensors;
using the surveyed baseline vector between the pairs of sensors on the one or more structures;
calculating a refined baseline vector between the pair of sensors by correcting carrier phase integer ambiguities in an estimation of baseline vector, the carrier phase integer ambiguities being fixed at an shortest fixable wavelength using a subset of fixed navigation sensors installed on the one or more structures; and
comparing the refined baseline vector to a previously surveyed baseline vector for the pair of sensors, the comparison producing a time-dependent relative motion vector between the two installation points associated with the pair of sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,114,123

ACCURACY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE HYBRID POSITIONING SYSTEM

Skyhook Wireless, Inc., ...

1. A method for determining a location of a mobile device, comprising:determining an initial location estimate of the mobile device using a wireless local area network positioning system (WPS) that processes signals from access points in range of the mobile device and calculates the initial location estimate from characteristics of the signals;
calculating a region around the initial location estimate;
receiving, at a satellite positioning system (SPS) receiver of the mobile device, signals from a set of satellites of a SPS;
based on the received signals, determining, by the mobile device, a receiver clock bias for at least two satellites of the set of satellites at each of a plurality of points within the region and calculating therefrom a variation in receiver clock bias at each of the plurality of points within the region;
using the variation in receiver clock bias to refine an SPS estimated location of the mobile device; and
reporting a final location estimate of the mobile device based on the SPS estimated location.

US Pat. No. 10,114,120

UNIDIRECTIONAL NEAR-FIELD FOCUSING USING NEAR-FIELD PLATES

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVER...

1. A method for unidirectional subwavelength focusing and near-field manipulation using near-field plates, the method comprising:generating a source field pattern from an excitation source at a focal plane;
generating a subwavelength field pattern from a near-field plate when the near-field plate is excited by the excitation source, the near-field plate being at a distance, d, from the excitation source;
forming a desired field pattern at the focal plane from the subwavelength field pattern and the source field pattern, the focal plane being at a distance, L, from the excitation source; and
configuring the desired field pattern to be a unidirectional subwavelength field pattern in a desired direction by increasing the amplitude of the desired field pattern in the desired direction.

US Pat. No. 10,114,114

ULTRASONIC PROBE WITH PRECHARGE CIRCUIT AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING AN ULTRASONIC PROBE

STMICROELECTRONICS S.R.L....

1. A device, comprising:a low-voltage amplifier including an amplifier input and amplifier biasing circuitry configured to bias the amplifier; and
a selection circuit configured to couple between the amplifier input and an ultrasonic transducer and including:
a node;
a first switch coupled between the node and the amplifier input; and
node biasing circuitry coupled to the amplifier biasing circuitry and configured to, before the first switch couples the node to the amplifier input in a receive mode of operation, bias the node based on the biasing of the amplifier.

US Pat. No. 10,114,112

COMMUNICATING SERVICE INFORMATION FROM ONE LIGHT DETECTION AND RANGING (LIDAR) SYSTEM TO ANOTHER LIDAR SYSTEM

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for receiving information from a light detection and ranging (LIDAR) system, comprising:transmitting, by a first LIDAR system, a first light signal modulated to include a first identifier associated with the first LIDAR system into an environment;
receiving a second light signal from the environment;
decoding the second light signal to extract a second identifier;
determining that the second identifier is associated with a second LIDAR system;
extracting service information from the second light signal, wherein the service information comprises data generated by the second LIDAR system; and
performing an action based on the service information.

US Pat. No. 10,114,110

OBJECT DETECTING DEVICE, SENSING DEVICE, AND MOBILE OBJECT DEVICE

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An object detecting device comprising:a light source which includes a plurality of light emitting units arranged in an array in a sub-scanning direction and grouped into light emitting unit groups of non-adjacent light emitting units;
a deflector which deflects light from the light source to scan an area in a scanning direction; and
an optical detector which includes a plurality of light receiving units arranged in the sub-scanning direction so as to correspond to the plurality of light emitting units, and receives light deflected by the deflector and reflected by an object, wherein the non-adjacent light emitting units in each light emitting unit group are turned on simultaneously and at a different timing than the non-adjacent light emitting units in another light emitting unit group.

US Pat. No. 10,114,104

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR LEARNING WIRELESS TRANSCEIVER LOCATIONS AND UPDATING A SPATIALLY-DEPENDENT PATH-LOSS MODEL

Athentek Innovations, Inc...

1. A system to discover a new wireless access point (AP) within an indoor environment, the system comprising:wireless APs positioned at a number of calibration reference points (RPs) throughout the indoor environment, wherein the wireless APs include the new wireless AP; and
a server comprising a processing unit, a memory unit, and a server communication unit, wherein the server communication unit is in communication with the wireless APs, wherein the processing unit is programmed to:
obtain AP transmit strengths of wireless signals generated by the new wireless AP to the other wireless APs and of the wireless signals generated by the other wireless APs to the new wireless AP, wherein the AP transmit strengths are obtained from the new wireless AP and the other wireless APs,
obtain AP-to-AP received signal strength indicators (RSSIs) measured at the new wireless AP from the wireless signals transmitted by the other wireless APs and the AP-to-AP RSSIs measured at each of the other wireless APs from the wireless signals transmitted by the new wireless AP, wherein the AP-to-AP RSSIs are obtained from the new wireless AP and the other wireless APs,
determine a location of the new wireless AP within the indoor environment using at least one of information from an installation log and an AP location solver based on information from the AP transmit strengths, the AP-to-AP RSSIs, and data from a wireless signal-strength database,
calculate a number of estimated AP-to-RP RSSIs representing estimated RSSIs measured at the calibration RPs from wireless signals transmitted by the new wireless AP to the calibration RPs using a spatially-dependent path-loss model based on the location of the new wireless AP, the AP transmit strength of the new wireless AP, and the tile-specific path-loss coefficient for each of the tiles within the indoor environment,
identify the new wireless AP as a previously unseen AP prior to determining the location of the new wireless AP by comparing the AP transmit strengths and the AP-to-AP RSSIs against transmit strength data and RSSI data previously stored in the wireless signal-strength database,
add estimated AP-to-RP RSSIs to the wireless signal-strength database,
add an entry in the wireless signal-strength database associated with the new wireless AP, and
add estimated AP-to-RP RSSIs to the wireless signal-strength database to update the wireless signal-strength database.

US Pat. No. 10,114,103

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SENSOR TRIGGERING FOR SYNCHRONIZED OPERATION

Uber Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A sensor triggering system for an autonomous vehicle (AV), the sensor triggering system comprising:a memory that stores instructions for operating a plurality of sensors of the AV; and
one or more processors executing the instructions, causing the sensor triggering system to:
detect a first sensor pulse from a pulse generator of the AV;
in response to detecting the first sensor pulse, determine a first codeword from a first memory address of a lookup table based on a current memory index pointing to the first memory address in the lookup table; and
selectively trigger the plurality of sensors based on the first codeword stored at the first memory address.

US Pat. No. 10,114,098

METHOD ESTIMATING A PSEUDO HOUNSFIELD UNIT VALUE

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A method comprising, with one or more processors, performing the steps of:determining a relative prevalence of a first tissue class within each of a plurality of volume elements in a region of a subject from a plurality of magnetic resonance images having different contrasts;
determining a relative prevalence of a second tissue class within each of the volume elements in the region of the subject from the plurality of magnetic resonance images;
determining a relative prevalence of a third tissue class within each of the volume elements in the region of the subject based on subtraction of a relative prevalence of the first and/or second tissue class from a total tissue prevalence within each of the volume elements;
providing a first reference Hounsfield unit value for the first tissue class;
providing a second reference Hounsfield unit value for the second tissue class;
providing a third reference Hounsfield unit value for the third tissue class;
estimating a pseudo CT Hounsfield unit value for each of the plurality of volume elements within the region of the subject by determining a weighted sum of the first, second, and third reference Hounsfield unit values with weighting factors based on the determined relative prevalences of the first, second, and third tissue classes to form a pseudo CT Hounsfield unit image representation of the region of the subject; and
at least one of:
providing positron emission tomography (PET) imaging data from the region of the subject, and with the pseudo CT Hounsfield unit image representation, attenuation correcting the PET imaging data and reconstructing the attenuation corrected PET imaging data into an attenuation corrected PET image, and displaying the attenuation corrected PET image on a display device, and
from the pseudo CT Hounsfield unit image and at least one of the plurality of magnetic resonance images, generating a radiation therapy plan, and controlling a radiation therapy device to irradiate the region of the subject in accordance with the radiation therapy plan.

US Pat. No. 10,114,097

MEDICAL IMAGING APPARATUS HAVING MULTIPLE SUBSYSTEMS, AND OPERATING METHOD THEREFOR

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A method for operating a medical imaging examination apparatus comprising a plurality of apparatus subsystems, comprising:determining ambient conditions of a scan volume in a medical imaging examination apparatus;
storing the current ambient conditions in a global ambient condition parameter set comprising parameters that describe said current ambient conditions;
providing a selected scan protocol to control computer that is assigned to a scan sequence in which said control computer will control the plurality of apparatus subsystems in coordination to conduct the scan sequence to acquire medical imaging data from an examination subject;
starting a scan with the selected scan protocol;
providing said control computer with sequence control data for said selected scan protocol that define different functional sub-sequences of said scan sequence to be performed respectively by said apparatus subsystems;
before or during said scan, in said control computer, assigning respectively different effective volumes of the examination subject to the respective functional sub-sequences;
before or during said scan, in said control computer, determining respective current sub-regions in respective effective volumes individually associated with the respective current functional sub-sequences of the scan sequence, in which sub-regions an optimization is to be made during said scan;
in said control computer, calculating optimized control signals for said selected scan sequence during said scan dependent on said sequence control data, the determined sub-regions of the effective volumes, and the global ambient condition parameter set, by executing an algorithm in said control computer that optimizes the functional sub-sequences locally in the examination subject at least with regard to a sub-region of the respective effective volumes; and
in said control computer, providing said optimized control signals to at least one of said apparatus subsystems during said scan.

US Pat. No. 10,114,089

NMR MEASURING PROBE

JEOL Ltd., Tokyo (JP)

1. An NMR measuring probe comprising:an inner wall body having a tubular hollow cavity that accommodates therein a sample vessel and in which a temperature adjustment gas is supplied;
an outer wall body in which the inner wall body is inserted and that constitutes a vacuum vessel together with the inner wall body;
an NMR signal detector that is arranged inside the vacuum vessel and is placed in a cooling state; and
a sealing structure for sealing a sealed section between the inner wall body and the outer wall body,
wherein the sealing structure includes
a first sealing member having characteristics for sealing the sealed section in a regular temperature region excluding a low temperature region including a lower limit in a possible temperature adjustment range of the temperature adjustment gas, and
a second sealing member that is provided on a vacuum side or an atmosphere side to the first sealing member in the sealed section and has characteristics for sealing the sealed section in the low temperature region in the temperature adjustment range.

US Pat. No. 10,114,087

RF COIL AND MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING APPARATUS

TOSHIBA MEDICAL SYSTEMS C...

1. A radio frequency (RF) coil for use in a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) apparatus, said RF coil comprising:a puncture needle insertion assembly having a surface with a plurality of defined spaces through which a puncture needle can be inserted,
wherein the puncture needle insertion assembly includes stacked layers of insulating material, each layer having laid thereon conductor elements of an RF coil that are insulated from conductor elements of an RF coil on another layer and that are laid to meander on a frame between the spaces.

US Pat. No. 10,114,086

HYBRID PET/MR IMAGING SYSTEMS

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A hybrid imaging system comprising:a radio frequency isolation space defined by a Faraday cage;
a magnetic resonance scanner disposed in the radio frequency isolation space;
a second modality imaging system disposed in the same radio frequency isolation space as the magnetic resonance scanner, the second modality imaging system being one of the group consisting of a positron emission tomography (PET) scanner and a gamma camera, the magnetic resonance scanner and the second modality imaging system being physically separate units that are spaced apart by a gap; and
second modality electronics associated with radiation detectors of the second modality imaging system, the second modality electronics configured to reduce radio frequency interference generated by the second modality electronics at one or more magnetic resonance frequencies of the magnetic resonance scanner by at least one of:
the second modality electronics being clocked at a frequency selected to suppress generation of radio frequency interference at the one or more magnetic resonance frequencies of the magnetic resonance scanner,
the second modality electronics being notch filtered to block generation of radio frequency interference at the one or more magnetic resonance frequencies of the magnetic resonance scanner,
wherein no radio frequency shield is disposed between the magnetic resonance scanner and the second modality imaging system.

US Pat. No. 10,114,085

MAGNETIC FIELD SENSOR WITH IMPROVED RESPONSE IMMUNITY

Allegro MicroSystems, LLC...

1. A magnetic field sensor comprising a plurality of magnetoresistance elements, each having a respective length and width selected to provide a respective, different response to an applied magnetic field, wherein each of the plurality of magnetoresistance elements is coupled in parallel, and wherein the length and width of a first one of the plurality of magnetoresistance elements is different than and a multiple of the length and width of a second one of the plurality of magnetoresistance elements.

US Pat. No. 10,114,084

HALL SENSOR EXCITATION SYSTEM

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A Hall plate excitation system, comprising:a current source configured to provide an excitation current to a Hall plate;
a switching network configured to switchably connect the current source to each of a plurality of terminals of the Hall plate; and
a controller configured to:
adjust the excitation current no more than once during each of a plurality of spin cycles; and
sequentially switch the excitation current to each of the plurality of terminals of the Hall plate during each spinning cycle;
wherein the excitation current is constant during each spinning cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,114,083

MAGNETOMETER AND METHOD OF FABRICATION

THE UNIVERSITY OF QUEENSL...

1. An optical magnetometer comprising:an optical resonator having a central void; and
a magnetostrictive material located in the central void such that a change in dimension of the magnetostrictive material causes a change in mechanical modes of the optical resonator due to the magnetorestrictive material expanding or contracting radially with respect to an inner surface of the optical resonator immediately adjacent to the central void.

US Pat. No. 10,114,081

LOW-NOISE FLUXGATE MAGNETOMETER WITH INCREASED OPERATING TEMPERATURE RANGE

Halliburton Energy Servic...

11. A non-transitory computer-readable medium including instructions that, when executed on a processing unit, cause the processing unit to:provide control to a heat source to cause the heat source to heat a fluxgate magnetometer to a plurality of temperatures over a temperature range, the fluxgate magnetometer including an excitation coil, a detection coil wound around an amorphous soft magnetic core, and a resonation control circuit, such that a detection circuit including the detection coil resonates at an excitation frequency of the excitation coil and such that inductance of the detection circuit changes with temperature variations in the amorphous soft magnetic core;
provide control to provide calibration currents to the detection coil of the fluxgate magnetometer, at each temperature of the temperature range, to generate calibration magnetic fields Bcal in the fluxgate magnetometer;
measure and recording output signals Vout of the fluxgate magnetometer generated in response to the calibration currents to measure and record values of ? at each temperature in the temperature range, wherein the ratio ? is the ratio of a feedback magnetic field to a feedback current in the feedback loop; and
adjust measurements received from the fluxgate magnetometer based on the ratio ? after the fluxgate magnetometer is placed downhole to generate adjusted magnetic field measurements.

US Pat. No. 10,114,080

LED LIGHTING DEVICE AND A METHOD TO VERIFY ITS LIFESPAN

ZHEJIANG SHENGHUI LIGHTIN...

1. An LED lighting device, comprising:an LED module configured to emit light;
an LED driver configured to supply power and drive the LED module;
a micro controller unit (MCU) module that is connected to the LED driver and configured to measure an operation time of the LED lighting device;
a display module that is connected to the MCU module and configured to receive the operation time sent from the MCU module and display the operation time; and
a power supply module configured to supply power to the MCU module and the display module, wherein:
the MCU module is further configured to:
detect an output voltage of the LED driver,
determine whether the LED driver is working by comparing the detected output voltage with a threshold voltage,
determine that the LED driver is working when the detected output voltage is greater than the threshold voltage,
trigger an embedded timer to start accumulating the operation time when the LED driver is determined to be working, and
stop accumulating the operation time when the LED driver is determined to be not working.

US Pat. No. 10,114,079

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING VEHICLE BATTERY DECAY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle power system comprising:a controller programmed to operate a battery according to a battery capacity estimate and, in response to differences between current-based estimates and voltage-based estimates of changes in battery states of charge exceeding a magnitude threshold a predetermined number of times, alter the battery capacity estimate based on an average of the differences.

US Pat. No. 10,114,077

ELECTRONIC DEVICE, METHOD, AND COMPUTER READABLE MEDIUM HAVING INSTRUCTIONS CAPABLE OF AUTOMATICALLY MEASURING PARAMETER(S) ASSOCIATED WITH BATTERY CELL

MEDIATEK INC., Hsin-Chu ...

1. A method applied into an electronic device and capable of automatically measuring at least one parameter, comprising:launching an automatic program/application on the electronic device;
using the automatic program/application to measure the at least one parameter that is at least associated with the battery cell connected to and used for providing power to the electronic device; and
performing power throttling of the electronic device to determine a power budget based on the at least one parameter that is at least associated with the battery cell.

US Pat. No. 10,114,075

SCAN TEST MULTIPLEXING

Advantest Corporation, T...

1. A method for testing data from devices under test (DUTs), said method comprising:strobing first data that is output from a first logic block under test through a multiplexer to a plurality of channels of an automated test equipment (ATE), wherein said plurality of channels are allocated between said first logic block and a second logic block under test, wherein said second logic block is placed on hold during said strobing first data output from said first logic block and wherein further said strobing first data is performed using a first programmable strobing edge number, wherein a programmable strobing edge number is operable to differentiate interleaved test results from multiple logic blocks, wherein each logic block is assigned a unique strobing edge number, and wherein each logic block is strobed using a different edge;
testing said first data against expected data and, responsive to a detected failure of said first data, reporting said failure and said first programmable strobing edge number within a first flag structure;
strobing second data that is output from said second logic block through said multiplexer to said plurality of channels of said ATE allocated between said first logic block and said second logic block wherein said first logic block is placed on hold during said strobing second data and wherein further said strobing second data is performed using a second programmable strobing edge number; and
testing said second data against expected data and, responsive to a detected failure of said second data, reporting said failure and said second programmable strobing edge number within a second flag structure.

US Pat. No. 10,114,073

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT TESTING

Rambus Inc., Sunnyvale, ...

1. A system comprising:a data compression component to compress data received from an integrated circuit under test at a first clock frequency, to generate compressed data; and
a data output component, operatively coupled to the data compression component, to convey the compressed data to automated testing equipment at a second clock frequency, wherein the first clock frequency provides testing of the integrated circuit at a higher frequency than the second clock frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,114,072

PROCESSING METHOD AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS FOR DIGITAL SIGNAL

MSTAR SEMICONDUCTOR, INC....

1. A processing method for a digital signal, comprising:detecting a quality of a first eye in an eye diagram of a digital signal, comprising auto-compensating the digital signal, and detecting the quality of the first eye in the eye diagram of the auto-compensated digital signal;
equalizing the digital signal, comprising equalizing the auto-compensated digital signal;
detecting a quality of a second eye in the eye diagram of the digital signal;
determining whether the quality of the second eye is superior to the quality of the first eye by a predetermined threshold; and
outputting the digital signal if the quality of the second eye is superior to the quality of the first eye by the predetermined threshold, or else repeating the step of equalizing the digital signal and the subsequent steps.

US Pat. No. 10,114,070

SUBSTRATE INSPECTION APPARATUS

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

1. An inspection apparatus for inspecting a semiconductor device formed on a substrate, comprising:a probe card comprising a card-side inspection circuit and a plurality of probes to be brought into contact with electrodes of the semiconductor device;
a test box electrically connected to the probe card, the test box comprising a box-side inspection circuit; and
a loader configured to load the substrate,
wherein the card-side inspection circuit has a circuit configuration of a function extension card to which the semiconductor device is to be mounted after being separated from the substrate,
wherein the box-side inspection circuit has a circuit configuration of a motherboard to which the function extension card is connected,
wherein the probe card is located closer to the semiconductor device than the test box,
wherein the loader includes a basic unit which includes at least one of a power supply, a controller and a measurement module, said basic unit forming a common part between various circuit configurations on which the semiconductor device is to be mounted,
wherein the box-side inspection circuit and the basic unit form the circuit configurations on which the semiconductor device is to be mounted,
wherein the power supply of the basic unit is configured to supply a power to the box-side inspection circuit and to the card-side inspection circuit via the box-side inspection circuit, and the controller of the basic unit is configured to control the box-side inspection circuit to inspect electric characteristics of the semiconductor device, and
wherein the semiconductor device is a MPU (Main Processing Unit), an APU (Accelerated Processing Unit), a GPU (Graphics Processing unit), or a RF tuner.

US Pat. No. 10,114,069

METHOD FOR ELECTRICAL TESTING OF A 3-D CHIP STACK

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method for electrical testing of a 3-D integrated circuit chip stack comprising at least a first integrated circuit chip and a second integrated circuit chip, wherein the first integrated circuit chip and the second integrated circuit chip are not soldered together for performing electrical testing, the method comprising:placing an integrated circuit chip holder on an integrated circuit chip carrier, wherein the integrated circuit chip carrier is operable for electrically connecting the 3-D integrated circuit chip stack with an electronic testing system;
placing the first and second integrated circuit chips on the integrated circuit chip carrier, within the integrated circuit chip holder, with the second integrated circuit chip residing on the first integrated circuit chip, and the first integrated circuit chip residing on the integrated circuit chip carrier;
placing a cover onto the integrated circuit chip holder, including over the first and second integrated circuit chips within the integrated circuit chip;
making, using an applied pressure, a first temporary electrical connection between the first integrated circuit chip and the integrated circuit chip carrier and a first temporary mechanical connection between the first integrated circuit chip and the integrated circuit chip carrier, wherein the integrated circuit chip holder and the applied pressure facilitate making the first temporary electrical connection and the first temporary mechanical connection, the applied pressure forcing the first integrated circuit chip towards the integrated circuit chip carrier, and the second integrated circuit chip towards the first integrated circuit chip;
making, using the applied pressure, a second temporary electrical connection between the second integrated circuit chip and the first integrated circuit chip and a second temporary mechanical connection between the second integrated circuit chip and the first integrated circuit chip, wherein the integrated circuit chip holder and the applied pressure facilitate making the second temporary electrical connection and the second temporary mechanical connection; and
performing electrical testing of the 3-D integrated circuit chip stack using the electrical testing system.

US Pat. No. 10,114,068

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR MONITORING AGING EFFECTS ON AN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

Altera Corporation, San ...

1. An integrated circuit comprising:a control circuit that receives a clock signal;
a sense circuit that receives the clock signal and that operates in at least a stress mode and a measurement mode, wherein the sense circuit and the control circuit have different structures, wherein the clock signal is routed through the control circuit to the sense circuit during the stress mode, and wherein changes in predetermined electrical parameters of one or more transistors in the sense circuit as a result of coupling the clock signal are measured during the measurement mode; and
a feedback path coupled between an output of the sense circuit and an input of the control circuit that enables a closed loop measurement mode for the sense circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,114,067

INTEGRATED WAVEGUIDE STRUCTURE AND SOCKET STRUCTURE FOR MILLIMETER WAVEBAND TESTING

ADVANTEST CORPORATION, T...

1. A structure for signal transmission, said structure comprising:a first plurality of waveguides disposed adjacently and substantially in parallel with each other—and wherein the first plurality of waveguides is disposed adjacent to a socket; and
the socket comprising an opening operable to support an insertion of a device under test (DUT), wherein the DUT is communicatively coupled to a plurality of microstrip transmission lines on a printed circuit board (PCB) underlying the socket for transmitting test signals from the DUT, wherein each of the microstrip transmission lines is electrically coupled to a respective patch antenna, and wherein each of the first plurality of waveguides is mounted onto a respective patch antenna, and
wherein the first plurality of waveguides and the socket are integrated together as a common structure.

US Pat. No. 10,114,065

PULSED ELECTRON BEAM CURRENT PROBE AND METHODS OF OPERATING THE SAME

SANDISK TECHNOLOGIES LLC,...

1. An electron beam absorbed current measurement method, comprising:connecting a conductive probe to a conductive structure of a sample;
irradiating a pulsed electron beam at least once along the conductive structure to generate an alternating current in the conductive probe; and
determining a presence of a high resistance defect in the conductive structure based on a delay of a rising edge of the alternating current waveform;
wherein irradiating the pulsed electron beam at least once comprises irradiating the pulsed electron beam a plurality of times to perform plural scans along the conductive structure, wherein each of the plural scans uses a respective external capacitance electrically connected between ground and an input node of an amplifier electrically connected to the conductive probe, the respective external capacitance being different from external capacitances for other scans among the plural scans, and the differences among the external capacitances among the plural scans being provided by increase or decrease of the capacitance between ground and the input node of the amplifier.

US Pat. No. 10,114,063

METHOD OF SINGLE-ENDED FAULT LOCATION IN HVDC TRANSMISSION LINES

ABB TECHNOLOGY AG, Zuric...

1. A method of determining a fault location in mixed transmission lines where a mixed transmission line comprises an overhead line, a cable line or any combination thereof, wherein a junction point connects the overhead line to the cable line, where each line has different surge impedances and different wave propagation velocities, wherein additional wave reflections are generated at the junction point of the overhead line and the cable line, where the method improves the accuracy from one end measurement of the mixed transmission line, the method comprising:providing a mixed high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission line including an overhead line section and a cable line section connected to one another at a junction point, wherein each section has different surge impedances and different wave propagation velocities, and wherein said junction point generates additional wave propagation velocities, said mixed HVDC transmission line having a terminal with a measurement point at each end,
placing a fault locator at one of said measurement points, wherein said fault locator comprises:
a detection module connected to one of said measurement points to detect a fault having a fault resistance anywhere in said overhead and cable line sections and generate fault characteristic data;
an operational module connected to and receiving said fault characteristic data from said detection module for generating and storing a time scheme of received traveling waves from said fault;
a creation module connected to said measurement point comprising a reference database of known and variable data of said mixed HVDC transmission line; and
a fault location module which receives said time scheme for comparison to said known and variable data stored in said reference database;
creating said reference database for use in said creation module by generating theoretical time schemes for at least first, second and third theoretical traveling wave pulses P1?, P2?, P3? generated in theoretical faulted points (S3?) for theoretical distances (X1) established by a user for known mixed HVDC transmission line parameters which includes said junction point and arrival times T1?, T2?, T3? wherein such pulses are calculated with respect to said measurement point (S1),
detecting the presence of traveling wave pulses from an unknown real fault point (S3) of a faulted mixed HVDC transmission line for an unknown distance (X) through measuring actual traveling wave pulses P1, P2, P3 in one end of the faulted mixed HVDC transmission line and calculation of arrival times of first T1, second T2 and third T3 of traveling wave pulses P1, P2, P3 in said detection module for unknown distance (X) for the faulted mixed HVDC transmission line, when a magnitude of the first pulse P1 has a value bigger than a threshold (Th) given by the user then T1 is equal 0, and creating a real time scheme with T1, T2, T3 of pulses P1, P2, P3 measured at said measurement point S1,
comparing in said fault location module a real time scheme of traveling wave pulses P1, P2, P3 for unknown faulted point with all theoretical time scheme of pulses P1?, P2?, P3? for known theoretical faulted points (S3?) and matching by polarity checking of real time scheme for unknown point with all theoretical time schemes,
indicating the known distance (X1) by selecting the best matching theoretical time scheme for known distance with the real time scheme for unknown distance (X), and
indicating the unknown distance (X) as a value equal to the known distance (X1) which determines the location of faulted point in said faulted mixed HVDC transmission line with said junction point without using a positioned fault locator between the measurement points.

US Pat. No. 10,114,062

METHOD AND APARATUS FOR MONITORING A JUNCTION BETWEEN ELECTRICAL DEVICES

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A test fixture for evaluating a junction between an electrical lead trace and a busbar, comprising:an electric power supply disposed to supply electric power to the electrical lead trace;
an electric monitoring device disposed to monitor electrical potential across the junction between the electrical lead trace and the busbar; and
a mechanical stress-inducing device disposed to apply a mechanical stress proximal to the junction;
wherein the electric monitoring device monitors the electrical potential across the junction of the electrical lead trace coincident with the mechanical stress-inducing device applying mechanical stress proximal to the junction when the electric power supply is supplying electric power to the electrical lead trace; and
wherein the electric monitoring device determines the electrical integrity of the junction based upon the monitored electrical potential across the junction.

US Pat. No. 10,114,059

DEVICE FOR DETECTING WELDING OF RELAY

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A relay welding detection apparatus that detects welding of a relay provided to a charging path extending from an external power supply to a storage battery, the external power supply including an electrical leakage detection section, wherein:the charging path comprises a positive-terminal-side power line and a negative-terminal-side power line,
the relay comprises a power-supply-side relay provided on the positive-terminal-side power line and a ground-side relay provided on the negative-terminal-side power line,
the electrical leakage detection section detects electrical leakage when the power-supply-side relay and the ground-side relay are turned off, and
the relay welding detection apparatus comprises:
a detection circuit that is provided on a path connecting a portion of the positive-terminal-side power line that extends from the power-supply-side relay toward the external power supply and a portion of the negative-terminal-side power line that extends from the ground-side relay toward the external power supply; and
a connection interrupting circuit that is provided on the path connecting the portion of the positive-terminal-side power line that extends from the power-supply-side relay toward the external power supply and the portion of the negative-terminal-side power line that extends from the ground-side relay toward the external power supply, the connection interrupting circuit being provided in series with the detection circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,114,057

METHOD TO DETECT ARCING FAULTS USING SWITCHED ELEMENTS AT OUTLET

Schneider Electric USA, I...

1. An electrical outlet device to detect branch arc faults, comprising:a line conductor;
a neutral conductor, the line conductor and neutral conductor to provide electrical power to a load connected to the electrical outlet device,
a neutral shorting switching element coupled between the line conductor and the neutral conductor having an open position and a closed position, the closed position coupling the line conductor to the neutral conductor;
a load control switching element in the line conductor, the load control switching element having an open position and a closed position for controlling current through the line conductor, wherein the neutral shorting switching element is in the open position and the load control switching element is in the closed position to provide power from the line conductor; and
an outlet controller coupled to the neutral shorting switching element and the load control switching element, the outlet controller opening the load control switching element for a current sensor upstream of the electrical outlet device to determine whether a current is present on the line conductor to detect a parallel arc fault.

US Pat. No. 10,114,055

ELECTROSTATIC DISCHARGE TESTER

NXP USA, Inc., Austin, T...

1. Apparatus for testing a device by delivering an electrostatic discharge signal to one or more device terminals of the device, the apparatus comprising:a first part configured for mechanically mounting the device and comprising one or more first part connectors for electrically coupling to the one or more device terminals for providing electrical access to the one or more device terminals;
a second part comprising one or more second part connectors, the second part configured for electrically coupling the one or more first part connectors to the one or more second part connectors for testing the device via the one or more second part connectors;
a guide configured for mechanically moving the first part relative to the second part, wherein the guide is configured to physically disconnect the one or more first part connectors from the one or more second part connectors while the electrostatic discharge signal is delivered to the one or more device terminals.

US Pat. No. 10,114,052

ESTIMATION OF A WAVEFORM PERIOD

Schweitzer Engineering La...

1. A system configured to determine a period of a waveform, the system comprising:an input configured to receive a signal comprising a representation of the waveform of a power delivery system;
a period determination subsystem configured to calculate an estimated period of the signal based on a period determination function;
an estimated period adjustment subsystem configured to determine an adjustment to the estimated period based on a result of the period determination function;
a quality indicator subsystem configured to:
determine a measurement quality indicator of the estimated period by evaluating a measurement quality indicator function based on the estimated period;
update a previously determined period of the waveform with the estimated period when the measurement quality indicator of the estimated period exceeds a threshold;
retain the previously determined period of the waveform when the measurement quality indicator is below the threshold; and
a control action subsystem configured to implement a control action on the power delivery system based on the updated estimated period of the waveform.

US Pat. No. 10,114,051

MONITORING DEVICE, MONITORING SYSTEM, MONITORING METHOD, AND NON-TRANSITORY STORAGE MEDIUM

NEC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A monitoring device comprising:a measuring instrument that acquires unit-specific monitoring waveform data, including waveform data of at least one of a total current consumption, a total input voltage, and a total power consumption in a unit in which monitoring target electrical devices are installed;
a memory storing instructions; and
a processor executing the stored instructions to:
infer operation states of at least some of the monitoring target electrical devices based on
a 1 st feature amount group including at least one kind of feature amount extracted from the unit-specific monitoring waveform data, and
a training feature amount which is a feature amount of each of the monitoring target electrical devices in a predetermined operation state; and
infer the operation states of some of the monitoring target electrical devices based on
a 2 nd feature amount group including at least one kind of feature amount extracted from the unit-specific monitoring waveform data, and different from the 1 st feature amount group, and
the training feature amount.

US Pat. No. 10,114,049

APPARATUS FOR INPUT POWER DETECTION AND METHOD THEREOF

CANYON SEMICONDUCTOR INC....

1. An electronic device, comprising:an input power detection unit, configured to determine an input voltage value and an input current value of an input power;
a transmission control unit, configured to determine a first voltage value and a first current value, based on the input voltage value and the input current value, associated with another electronic device through a handshake process;
a voltage converter, configured to convert the input power into a first power required by the another electronic device;
wherein the input power detection unit includes a voltage detection unit, configured to determine the input voltage value based on a detection voltage value; and
wherein the input power detection unit further comprises a current control unit, configured to generate a second voltage value and a second current value in response to the input power.

US Pat. No. 10,114,046

MEASURING OUTPUT CURRENT IN A BUCK SMPS

MICROCHIP TECHNOLOGY INCO...

1. A method for performing current measurement in a switched-mode power supply (SMPS) having high side and low side switches coupled in series between a supply voltage and common, and a power inductor coupled between a junction of the high side and low side switches and a load, said method comprising the steps of:charging a timing capacitor with a first constant current when the high side switch is on;
discharging the timing capacitor with the first constant current when a pulse width modulation (PWM) period reaches 50% and the high side switch is on;
discharging the timing capacitor with a second constant current when the PWM period reaches 50% and the high side switch is off, wherein the second constant current is twice the first constant current; and
sampling the power inductor current when a voltage on the timing capacitor reaches a predetermined reference voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,114,043

CLAMP METER

Fluke Corporation, Evere...

1. A clamp meter, comprising:a meter body;
a clamp jaw assembly mounted to the meter body, the clamp jaw assembly comprising a first clamp jaw and a second clamp jaw which are movable in relation to each other between a closed position and an open position, wherein in the closed position distal ends of the first and second clamp jaws meet to define an enclosed area between the first and second clamp jaws, and in the open position the distal ends of the first and second clamp jaws are separate from each other to define a gap allowing a wire under test to pass therethrough, the first clamp jaw having a proximal end opposite to its distal end; and
a locking member mounted within the meter body, wherein the locking member is operable to releasably lock the first and second clamp jaws in the closed position,
wherein the locking member comprises:
a locking slider operatively received within a slot inside the meter body, the slot having a first end and a second end spaced from the first end, wherein the locking slider is slidable within the slot along a length of the slot between a locked position and an unlocked position, and in the locked position the locking slider abuts against an inner side of the proximal end of the first clamp jaw to block the first clamp jaw from movement, and in the unlocked position the locking slider moves away from the inner side of the proximal end of the first clamp jaw to allow the first clamp jaw to move; and
a first biasing element configured to connect the locking slider and the slot; and
a switch assembly operatively coupled to the locking slider to move the locking slider along the length of the slot between the locked position and the unlocked position, wherein the switch assembly comprises:
a switch button; and
a second biasing element for exerting a biasing force to the switch button.

US Pat. No. 10,114,035

REMOTE WIND TURBULENCE SENSING

NEC Corporation, (JP)

1. A transmitter using optical orbital angular momentum (OAM)-based spectroscopy for detection of atmospheric conditions, comprising:at least one OAM generator configured to apply at least one OAM state on a light beam to generate an optical OAM spectrum including a plurality of OAM states;
a transmitting device configured to send one or more generated OAM light beams into an atmosphere; and
one or more measurement devices configured to:
determine degradation of the generated OAM light beams when passing through atmospheric turbulence; and
determine a rotation rate of aerosols in the atmosphere by analyzing different frequency shifts in the plurality of OAM states.

US Pat. No. 10,114,031

SINGLE CHANNEL CARTRIDGE DEVICE FOR COAGULATION ASSAYS IN FLUID SAMPLES

Abbott Point of Care Inc....

1. A sample analysis cartridge comprising:an inlet chamber configured to receive a biological sample;
a conduit fluidically connected to the inlet chamber and configured to receive the biological sample from the inlet chamber, the conduit comprising:
a sensor chip including a first micro-environment sensor and a second micro-environment sensor,
a first reagent comprising a first enzyme substrate, the first reagent formed on and/or adjacent to the first micro-environment sensor,
a second reagent comprising a second enzyme substrate, the second reagent formed on and/or adjacent to the second micro-environment sensor, and
a fluidic lock valve; and
a pump configured to push the biological sample over the first micro-environment sensor and the second micro-environment sensor to the fluidic lock valve such that the biological sample is positioned over the first micro-environment sensor and the second micro-environment sensor,
wherein each of the first micro-environment sensor and the second micro-environment sensor includes at least one transducer coated with a polymer layer, the first reagent is integrated within, coated over and/or positioned adjacent to the polymer layer of the first micro-environment sensor, and the second reagent is integrated within, coated over and/or positioned adjacent to the polymer layer of the second micro-environment sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,114,026

CLEAVABLE PROBES FOR ISOTOPE TARGETED GLYCOPROTEOMICS AND METHODS OF USING THE SAME

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A method for identifying a site of glycosylation on a protein, the method comprising:contacting a cellular sample including a metabolically tagged glycosylated protein comprising an azide-tagged sugar with a cleavable probe under conditions sufficient to produce a probe-protein conjugate, wherein the cleavable probe is described by Formula (I):
A-L-(M-Z)   (I)
wherein:
A is an affinity tag
L is a cleavable linker;
M is an isotopic label of the formula —(CH2)p—CH(Br)?CH(Br)—(CH2)q— wherein p and q are each independently 0-6; and
Z is an alkyne tag that cross-links the azide-tagged sugar of the metabolically tagged glycosylated protein via copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne [3+2] cycloaddition to produce the probe-protein conjugate;
separating the probe-protein conjugate from the sample;
digesting the probe-protein conjugate to produce a probe-peptide conjugate;
cleaving the cleavable linker to release an isotopically labelled glycopeptide
identifying the isotopically labelled glycopeptide via a predetermined isotopic pattern in a mass spectrum by full scan mass spectrometry prior to tandem MS analysis;
determining an amino acid sequence of the isotopically labelled glycopeptide by tandem MS analysis targeted to the identified isotopically labelled glycopeptide; and
identifying a site of glycosylation on a protein based on the determined amino acid sequence of the isotopically labelled glycopeptide.

US Pat. No. 10,114,024

BIOMOLECULE-GRAPHENE QUANTUM DOT CONJUGATES AND USE THEREOF

Nanyang Technological Uni...

1. A method to form an insulin-GQD conjugate, wherein a single biomolecule of insulin is coupled to a single graphene quantum dot (GQD), the method comprising:contacting a solution containing GQD with 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC), wherein the GQD comprises one or more carboxyl groups on an edge of the GQD; and wherein 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride reacts with the one or more carboxyl groups to form an O-acylisourea intermediate compound;
contacting the O-acylisourea intermediate compound with N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS), to provide an NHS ester-modified GQD; and
contacting the NHS ester-modified GQD with biomolecules of insulin to form the insulin-GQD conjugate, wherein the insulin-GQD conjugate is suitable for imaging an interior of a living cell.

US Pat. No. 10,114,005

PLANAR PATCH CLAMP DEVICE, ELECTRODES FOR SAID DEVICE AND CELL ION CHANNEL CURRENT MEASUREMENT METHOD

JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOL...

1. A planar patch clamp device comprising:(1) an electrically insulative substrate provided with one or more fine through holes, each having an inner diameter through which a cell cannot pass but a liquid can pass, the fine through holes communicating between surfaces on both sides of the electrically insulative substrate, wherein one side defines a first surface side, and the opposite side defines a second surface side;
(2) a liquid reservoir and an electrode unit disposed on each of the first surface side and the second surface side of the through hole, the liquid reservoir holding a conductive liquid;
(3) the liquid reservoir on the first surface side serving as a liquid reservoir for cell placement; and
(4) the following constituents (a) to (c) included in the electrode units on the first surface side and the second surface side:
(a) a closed or sealed electrode vessel enclosed with a vessel wall, at least part of which is made of an inorganic porous material,
(b) an electrode accommodated in the closed or sealed electrode vessel, noble metal chloride NmCl layer being formed on the surface of the noble metal Nm, and
(c) an electrode solution filled in the closed or sealed electrode vessel, the noble metal chloride NmCl and an alkali metal chloride being dissolved therein at a saturated concentration,
wherein the inorganic porous material of the vessel wall separates the conductive liquid held in the liquid reservoir from the electrode solution filled in the closed or sealed electrode vessel, and enables an electrical communication, but minimizes a fluid communication between the electrode solution and the conductive liquid.

US Pat. No. 10,114,002

HYDRAULICALLY COUPLED DUAL FLOATING PISTON APPARATUS AND METHODS OF USING SAME FOR SAMPLING HIGH PRESSURE FLUIDS

Total Analytical Consulti...

1. An apparatus for sampling dirty hydrocarbons from a high pressure pipe, the apparatus comprising:a first cylinder having an upper and a lower portion separated by a first piston moveably disposed inside the first cylinder;
an inlet valve for fluidly connecting the upper portion of the first cylinder with the high pressure pipe;
an outlet valve fluidly connecting the upper portion of the first cylinder with an analyzing device;
a second cylinder having an upper and lower portion that are separated by a second piston moveably disposed inside the second cylinder;
a conduit fluidly connecting the lower portion of the first cylinder to the upper portion of the second cylinder; and
a flow restrictor functionally connected to the conduit and configured for regulating fluid flow rate through the conduit.

US Pat. No. 10,113,996

CHROMATOGRAPHY LAB SYSTEM FOR ANALYZING SAMPLES INCLUDING A COOLING COMPARTMENT WITH AN IDENTIFYING DEVICE THAT IDENTIFIES A FRACTION COLLECTOR DEVICE

GE Healthcare Bio-Science...

1. A chromatography laboratory system comprising: at least two holder positions configured to hold both fraction collector devices for collecting chromatographically separated fractions and sample containers for providing samples for input into the chromatography laboratory system, and an identifying device arranged at a front wall of the cooling compartment and comprising a reader configured to read identifying information assigned to the fraction collector devices, to determine that fractions can be supplied to the fraction collection devices, such that said fractions are collected only in the fraction collector devices and not in the sample containers.

US Pat. No. 10,113,994

NON-INVASIVE METHOD FOR MEASUREMENT OF PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF FREE FLOWING MATERIALS IN VESSELS

ULTIMO MEASUREMENT LLC, ...

1. A method for measuring physical properties of non-gaseous free flowing material in a vessel, the method comprising:receiving data characterizing the vessel and at least one sample of the material in the vessel;
initiating a vibration on a wall of the vessel by one of an external source or an internal source in mechanical communication with the vessel;
capturing a response to the vibration;
generating a vibration response spectrum based on the response;
determining a search zone within the vibration response spectrum based on a configuration of the vessel, a type of attachment between the vessel and another object, and the at least one sample of the material in the vessel;
determining at least one pre-established relationship between at least one physical property of the material and one or more characteristics of the vibration response spectrum of the search zone;
measuring an ambient temperature within a predefined proximity of the vessel;
determining a difference between the measured ambient temperature and a set process temperature;
computing a correction to the at least one pre-established relationship based on the difference; and
calculating at least one value of at least one physical property of the material based on the at least one corrected pre-established relationship.

US Pat. No. 10,113,992

GAS CONCENTRATION MEASURING APPARATUS

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A gas concentration measuring apparatus which comprises a gas sensor exposed to gas and a calculating portion which uses an output from the gas sensor to calculate a concentration of a given gas component contained in the gas,characterized in that the gas sensor includes a gas chamber into which the gas is introduced, a reference gas chamber into which a reference gas is introduced, a solid electrolyte body which is disposed between the gas chamber and the reference gas chamber and has oxygen ion conductivity, and a plurality of electrodes disposed on both surfaces of the solid electrolyte body,
in that the solid electrolyte body and the electrodes constitute a pump cell which works to regulate an oxygen concentration of the gas in the gas chamber, a monitor cell through which an amount of current corresponding to the oxygen concentration of the gas flows, and a sensor cell through which a current that is the sum of an amount of current corresponding to the oxygen concentration and an amount of current corresponding to a concentration of the given gas component in the gas flows,
in that the calculating portion works to correct a value of a monitor cell current Im that is the current flowing through the monitor cell to bring it close to a value of an oxygen dependent current Iso which arises from an oxygen concentration and is a component of a sensor cell current Is that is the current flowing through the sensor cell and also subtract a corrected value Im? thereof from the sensor cell current Is to determine a given gas dependent current Ix that is a component of the sensor cell current Is which arises from the concentration of the given gas component to calculate the concentration of the given gas component in the gas,
in that the calculating portion works to decrease voltage applied to the pump cell when the gas contains the given gas component to be lower than that when measuring the concentration of the given gas component and then measure, in such a condition, the sensor cell current Is and the monitor cell current Im to calculate, using an equation below, an approximate value a? of a sensitivity rate a that is a value derived by dividing the oxygen dependent current Iso by the monitor cell current Im
Is/Im=a?  (1)
and in that when measuring the concentration of the given gas component in the gas, the calculating portion measures the sensor cell current Is and the monitor cell current Im and calculates an approximate value Ix? of the given gas dependent current Ix using an equation below to approximately determine the concentration of the given gas component,
Is?a?Im=Ix?  (2).

US Pat. No. 10,113,991

METAL OXIDE PH SENSOR

COMMONWEALTH SCIENTIFIC A...

1. A pH sensor comprising a metal oxide-polymer composite, comprising:a continuous polymer resin matrix; and
a solid particulate component dispersed in the polymer resin matrix comprising (i) particulate metal oxides and (ii) a particulate carbon-based conductor,
wherein the particulate metal oxides comprise Ta2O5 and RuO2 in a weight ratio based on Ta:Ru in the range of from 90:10 to 10:90.

US Pat. No. 10,113,989

SULPHITE SENSOR AND METHOD FOR MEASURING SULPHITE CONCENTRATION IN A SUBSTANCE

General Electric Technolo...

1. A method for measuring a concentration of sulphite in an absorption liquid of a wet scrubber used in a gas cleaning process, the method comprising steps of:sending a plurality of voltage pulses through the absorption liquid of the wet scrubber using a first electrode and a second electrode that are in contact with the absorption liquid of the wet scrubber, wherein sending a plurality of voltage pulses comprises sending the plurality of voltage pulses in a stepwise series having a stepwise increase or a stepwise decrease of voltage level between consecutive pulses;
receiving current responses generated by the plurality of voltage pulses sent in the stepwise series;
analyzing the current responses by analyzing at least two separate values of each current response generated by the plurality of voltage pulses sent in the stepwise series; and
calculating the concentration of sulphite in the absorption liquid of the wet scrubber based on the at least two separate values of each current response generated by the plurality of voltage pulses sent in the stepwise series.

US Pat. No. 10,113,986

ELECTROCHEMICAL TEST STRIP, STRIP BOARD AND METHOD FOR GENERATING THE SAME

APEX BIOTECHNOLOGY CORP.,...

1. An electrochemical test strip, comprising:a sampling end disposed on a wide side of the electrochemical test strip to receive a sample;
a connection end disposed on another wide side of the electrochemical test strip to connect with a measuring meter; and
at least one first protrusion disposed on a first long side of the electrochemical test strip,
wherein the first long side is longer than each of the wide side and the another wide side,
wherein the at least one first protrusion has a largest protrusion width d2 parallel to the first long side, a length d1 is equal to a length of the first long side minus a length of the connection end, and a ratio of the length d1 to the largest protrusion width d2 is between 100:1 and 25:1,
wherein the first long side has at least two recesses and the at least one first protrusion is disposed between the at least two recesses.

US Pat. No. 10,113,985

ACTIVE MATRIX DEVICE AND METHOD OF DRIVING

Sharp Life Science (EU) L...

1. An active matrix electro-wetting on dielectric (AM-EWOD) device comprising:a plurality of array elements arranged in an array of rows and columns, each of the array elements including array element circuitry, an element electrode, and a reference electrode;
wherein the array element circuitry comprises an actuation circuit that applies actuation voltages to the element and reference electrodes for actuating the array element, and an impedance sensor circuit that senses impedance at the array element electrode to determine a droplet property at the array element; and
wherein the actuation circuitry comprises a memory part including a memory capacitor for storing voltage data corresponding to either an actuated state or an unactuated state of the array element, and an input signal applied to the memory capacitor effects an operation of the impedance sensor circuit;
the actuation circuit comprising a first transistor, the memory capacitor, and a second transistor; wherein:
a drain of the first transistor is connected to an input DATA line, a gate of the first transistor is connected to an input ENABLE line, and a source of the first transistor is connected to a gate of the second transistor;
the memory capacitor is connected between the gate of the second transistor and a row select line; and
a drain of the second transistor is connected to an input actuation signal, and a source of the second transistor is connected to the impedance sensor circuit and the element electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,113,984

INTEGRATED EPR NMR WITH FREQUENCY AGILE GYROTRON

Washington University, S...

1. A frequency agile gyrotron system for DNP (dynamic nuclear polarization) NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) comprising:an NMR spectrometer;
a signal processor operatively connected to the NMR spectrometer, wherein the signal processor receives one or more voltages from the NMR spectrometer and produces a control signal; and
a frequency agile gyrotron operatively coupled to the NMR spectrometer and to the signal processor, the frequency agile gyrotron configured to emit a broad-banded microwave output comprising a gyrotron bandwidth;
wherein:
the NMR spectrometer controls a frequency of the broad-banded microwave output via the control signal,
the frequency agile gyrotron responds to the control signal on a timescale of microseconds, and
the gyrotron bandwidth is wider than an EPR (polarization of electron spins) linewidth and a NMR frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,113,980

FURNACE FOR TRANSMISSION MODE X-RAY DIFFRACTOMETER AND TRANSMISSION MODE X-RAY DIFFRACTOMETER USING THEREOF

KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENC...

1. A furnace for a transmission mode X-ray diffractometer, comprising:a sample heating unit disposed adjacent to a quartz capillary accommodating a sample to heat the sample; and
a main body disposed to surround the quartz capillary and the sample heating unit and having an insulating function for allowing the heated sample to maintain a thermal equilibrium state,
wherein the main body includes:
a first through hole into which an X-ray is input; and
a second through hole provided to face the first through hole with the quartz capillary being interposed therebetween, so that the X-ray passing through the sample and diffracted by the sample is emitted from the second through hole,
wherein the second through hole is tapered according to a diffraction angle of the X-ray to have a diameter gradually increasing from an inlet at which the X-ray is input toward an outlet at which the X-ray is diffracted and emitted, so that the second through hole does not interfere with the X-ray passing through the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,113,979

SYSTEMS, PROBES, AND METHODS FOR DIELECTRIC TESTING OF WINE IN BOTTLE

THE TRUSTEES OF DARTMOUTH...

1. A probe for radio-wave interrogation of wine in a bottle, comprising:an inner conductor;
an outer conductor coaxial with the inner conductor, the outer conductor being spaced apart from the inner conductor by a dielectric material; and
a concave open end configured to interface with a convex exterior surface of the bottle during said radio-wave interrogation, the concave open end including an end face of the inner conductor and an end face of the outer conductor, curvature of the concave open end matching curvature of the convex exterior surface.

US Pat. No. 10,113,978

METHOD FOR MEASURING SOLID-LIQUID INTERFACIAL ELECTRIC FIELD

EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY, R...

1. A method for measuring an interfacial electric field intensity, comprising:providing a surface having a reactive carbocyclic aromatic linking group covalently attached thereon;
providing a voltage sensitive chromophore precursor including a p-substituted dialkylamino aryl group that is conjugatively linked to a terminal N-containing heterocyclic aromatic group;
reacting the voltage sensitive chromophore precursor with the reactive carbocyclic aromatic linking group that is covalently attached to the surface to form a monolayer of a voltage sensitive chromophore that is covalently bound to the surface;
irradiating the monolayer of the covalently bound voltage sensitive chromophore with actinic radiation while it is in contact with a liquid and measuring a first fluorescence emission spectrum;
providing a voltage sensitive chromophore solution of the voltage sensitive chromophore dissolved in a sample of the liquid;
irradiating the voltage sensitive chromophore solution with actinic radiation and measuring a second fluorescence emission spectrum; and
comparing the first and second fluorescence emission spectra to determine an interfacial electric field intensity, wherein comparing the first and second fluorescence emission spectra includes performing a mathematical analysis to determine at least one parameter characterizing a difference between the first and second fluorescence emission spectra, and wherein the interfacial electric field intensity is determined responsive to the determined at least one parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,113,975

APPEARANCE INSPECTION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OBJECT HAVING LINE PATTERN

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. An appearance inspection device for inspecting an appearance of an inspection object, said appearance inspection device comprising:an image storing part which stores
a first image obtained by capturing a reference object corresponding to the inspection object, and
a second image obtained by capturing the inspection object;
a teaching part which
based on an input by an operator, teaches, on the first image, a portion to be inspected of the inspection object as a reference inspection line,
defines a reference inspection region associated with a single reference inspection point on the reference inspection line,
determines an inspection factor inspected within the reference inspection region, and
determines a judgment condition for judging as to whether a result of inspection based on the inspection factor passes or fails;
a teaching factor storing part which stores
a position and a shape of the reference inspection line,
a position of the single reference inspection point,
an inspection point distance,
a position and a size of the reference inspection region,
the inspection factor, and
the judgment condition; and
an inspecting part which
overlaps the reference inspection line on the second image as an actual inspection line,
generates a plurality of discrete inspection points, distinct from the single reference inspection point, on the actual inspection line, by
determining a number of the inspection points to be generated by dividing a total length of the actual inspection line by the inspection point distance stored in the teaching factor storing part, and
arranging the determined number of the inspection points on the actual inspection line at the inspection point distance from each other,
generates a plurality of inspection regions, distinct from the reference inspection region, in relation to the plurality of discrete inspection points, wherein
each inspection point among the plurality of discrete inspection points corresponds to an inspection region among the plurality of inspection regions so that a positional relationship between the corresponding inspection point and inspection region is the same as a positional relationship between the single reference inspection point and the reference inspection region, and
the same positional relationship between the single reference inspection point and the reference inspection region is used to generate the plurality of inspection regions,
inspects each inspection region among the plurality of generated inspection regions based on the inspection factor,
judges as to whether each inspection point among the plurality of discrete inspection points passes or fails based on the judgment condition and a result of inspection of the corresponding inspection region among the plurality of generated inspection regions, and
comprehensively judges as to whether the inspection object passes or fails based on a result of judgment of each inspection point among the plurality of discrete inspection points,
wherein the teaching part defines the reference inspection region associated with said single reference inspection point on the reference inspection line before the inspecting part overlaps the reference inspection line on the second image as the actual inspection line.

US Pat. No. 10,113,971

TEST APPARATUS AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

12. A test apparatus configured to test a sample in a reactor, the test apparatus comprising:at least one light emitter configured to emit light to chambers included in the reactor, each of the chambers being configured to include a portion of the sample;
a light receiver comprising light receiving elements configured to receive light passed through the chambers, while moving in a direction from a side of the reactor to another side of the reactor;
a motor configured to move the light receiver in the direction from the side of the reactor to the other side of the reactor; and
a processor configured to:
generate a map comprising coordinates respectively of the chambers, based on light receiving positions at which the light receiver receives the light passed through the chambers, the light receiving positions being along the direction from the side of the reactor to the other side of the reactor, and further based on intensities of the light received respectively at the light receiving positions, the coordinates comprising respectively pixel numbers of the light receiving elements and the receiving positions;
determine a coordinate of a chamber among the chambers, the coordinate comprising a pixel number of one of the light receiving elements and a light receiving position of the light receiver, at which the one of the light receiving elements receives a largest intensity of the light passed through the chambers, the light receiving position being along the direction from the side of the reactor to the other side of the reactor.

US Pat. No. 10,113,968

SPECIFIC DETECTION AND QUANTIFICATION OF CARDIOLIPIN AND ISOLATED MITOCHONDRIA BY POSITIVELY CHARGED AIE FLUOROGENS AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THEREOF

THE HONG KONG UNIVERSITY ...

1. A one-step method of detecting and quantifying cardiolipin in a sample using a positively charged aggregation induced emission (AIE) luminogen comprising:introducing the AIE luminogen to a solution containing the sample; and
measuring fluorescence intensity of the solution, wherein
the AIE luminogen binds to cardiolipin in vesicles and comprises a structure having a formula of

US Pat. No. 10,113,964

OPTICAL DETECTION APPARATUS AND METHOD OF COMPENSATING DETECTION ERROR

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An optical detection apparatus for scanning detection chambers of a specimen cartridge, the apparatus comprising:a light source unit comprising light sources, which emit light rays to the detection chambers, the light sources comprising:
main wavelength light sources for measuring samples disposed in the detection chambers, the main wavelength light sources emitting the light rays of first wavelength bands being sensitive to an optical response of the samples, and
a sub-wavelength light source for correcting a measuring error of the main wavelength light sources, the sub-wavelength light source emitting the light rays of a second wavelength band being different from the first wavelength bands and being insensitive to the optical response of the samples, wherein the main wavelength light sources and the sub-wavelength light source are arranged next to one another along a scan line on which the detection chambers are aligned to be scanned;
a limiting, unit having an aperture which limits luminous flux of the light rays emitted from the main wavelength light sources and the sub-wavelength light source to a certain detection chamber among the detection chambers;
an optical detector which detects the light rays of the first wavelength bands having been emitted by the main wavelength light sources and passed through the aperture and the certain detection chamber and outputs first measuring signals indicative of characteristics of a certain sample disposed in the certain detection chamber, and additionally detects the light rays of the second wavelength band having been emitted by the sub-wavelength light source and passed through the aperture and the certain detection chamber and outputs a second measuring signal indicative of at least one among foreign bodies and bubbles in the certain sample that cause the measuring error in the first measuring signals; and
a controller which receives, from the optical detector, the first measuring signals and the second measuring signal, corrects the measuring error in the first measuring signals based on a difference between each of the first measuring signals and the second measuring signal, respectively, and outputs corrected first measuring signals for the certain sample, the measuring error having been removed from the corrected first measuring signals based on the second measuring signal.

US Pat. No. 10,113,963

INTEGRATED SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES FOR ONLINE MONITORING OF A CHEMICAL CONCENTRATION IN A FLOW OF A DEGASSED IONIC LIQUID

Chevron U.S.A. Inc., San...

1. An integrated system for monitoring a chemical concentration in an ionic liquid, comprising:a. an online FTIR instrument with an ATR window having a flow of a degassed ionic liquid to the ATR window;
b. a sample conditioning station comprising a flash drum, placed upstream from the ATR window, that removes light hydrocarbons from the ionic liquid and produces the degassed ionic liquid that is analyzed by the online FTIR instrument; and
c. a solvent flushing system that intermittently flows a solvent and a purging gas across the ATR window during periods when the flow of the degassed ionic liquid is not passed over the ATR window.

US Pat. No. 10,113,956

REMOTE GAS LEAKAGE DETECTION SYSTEMS USING MID-INFRARED LASER

Aurora Innovative Technol...

1. A system for remotely detecting gas leakage from a pipe comprising:a first light source to emit a first outgoing light beam having a first wavelength in a mid-infrared (IR) range, the first outgoing light beam traversing an area between the system and the pipe towards a region of the pipe and having a first spot size; and
a first light detector to detect a first incoming light beam having the first wavelength, the first incoming light beam being the first outgoing light beam reflected off of an outer surface of the region,
a controller to execute a set of instructions configured to cause the system to:
calculate an absorption rate by comparing an intensity of the first incoming light beam to an intensity of the first outgoing beam,
responsive to determining the absorption rate above an absorption threshold, determine that the region has a leakage, and
responsive to determining that the region has a leakage, regulate the first light source to emit a second outgoing light beam having the first wavelength and a second spot size less than the first spot size, the second outgoing light beam traversing the area towards the region of the pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,113,954

GAS SENSOR BY LIGHT ABSORPTION

Koninklijke Philips N.V.,...

1. An absorption spectroscopy device, comprising:a light cavity vessel, whose inner wall is at least partially light reflective, and wherein said inner wall of the light cavity vessel is at least partially coated with light a reflective layer, the light cavity vessel being a gas tight vessel that is sealed so that during operation no gas can enter or exit the cavity vessel;
a photo-detector; and
a light source,
wherein said light source is capable of emitting light radiation which passes through said light cavity vessel, wherein said light cavity vessel is capable of reflecting the emitted radiation and wherein said photo-detector is capable of detecting at least a portion of the emitted light,
and wherein said light reflective layer is a distributed Bragg reflector.

US Pat. No. 10,113,951

APPARATUS, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS FOR INSPECTING A PART

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. An apparatus for shielding light generated by a laser during non-destructive inspection of an object, the apparatus comprising:a light shield at least partially enveloping the laser and defining a first opening through which light generated by the laser passes from the laser to the object, wherein the light shield is opaque and comprises:
at least one first biasing mechanism;
a first portion that defines the first opening;
a second portion, spaced apart from the first portion, defining a second opening;
at least one second biasing mechanism; and
a spine coupling together the first portion and the second portion;
at least one first light seal coupled to the light shield about the first opening of the light shield, wherein the at least one first light seal is resiliently flexible and opaque; and
at least one second light seal coupled to the second portion of the light shield about the second opening;
wherein:
the object comprises a first surface, a second surface opposing the first surface, and an edge at a convergence of the first surface and the second surface;
the at least one first biasing mechanism is configured to urge resilient deformation of the at least one first light seal against the first surface of the object;
the at least one second biasing mechanism is configured to urge resilient deformation of the at least one second light seal against the second surface of the object; and
when the at least one first light seal is resiliently deformed against the first surface of the object and the at least one second light seal is resiliently deformed against the second surface of the object, light generated by the laser is constrained within a light containment space defined between the light shield, the at least one first light seal, the at least one second light seal, and the object.

US Pat. No. 10,113,946

ROCK WETTABILITY DETERMINATIONS

CONOCOPHILLIPS COMPANY, ...

1. A method of assessing wettability of a reservoir rock, comprising:a) obtaining a first sample of a reservoir rock from a reservoir and cleaning said first sample;
b) saturating said first sample with a mineral oil or alkane and performing a first imbibition experiment;
c) plotting a first oil recovery plot against dimensionless time or square root of time;
d) obtaining a second sample of said reservoir rock that contains oil and water in a natural state and performing a second imbibition experiment;
e) plotting a second oil recovery plot against dimensionless time or square root of time;
f) obtaining a third sample of said reservoir rock and cleaning said third sample;
g) saturating said third sample with the crude oil of said reservoir and performing a third imbibition experiment;
h) plotting a third oil recovery plot against dimensionless time or square root of time;
i) adjusting said first, second and third oil recovery plots to a y intercept of zero; and
j) estimating the slopes of the adjusted first (m1), second (m2) and third (m3) oil recovery plots;
k) calculating a wettability index using:
wettability index=mx/(mvsww+mow)
 where mx is the slope of the imbibition curve from the core sample of interest m1, m2, or m3, mvsww is the slope of the imbibition curve of a Very Strongly Water-Wet (VSWW) core sample and mow is the slope of the imbibition curve of an oil-wet (ow) core sample.

US Pat. No. 10,113,942

METHOD OF SUPPRESSING BACKGROUND RISE IN COLOR REAGENT SOLUTION, COLOR REAGENT SOLUTION, REAGENT KIT, AND MEASURING APPARATUS

ARKRAY, Inc., Kyoto (JP)...

1. A color reagent solution, comprisingan oxidative color reagent of:
or a salt thereof,wherein:the color reagent solution is at a pH of lower than 2.0 and is capable of measuring a component of a sample where the component is a marker of a degree of oxidative stress of the sample; and
the degree of oxidative stress of the sample is reflected by a degree of coloration of the color reagent solution.

US Pat. No. 10,113,940

COUPLING DEVICE, PARTICULARLY FOR COUPLING DAMPING APPARATUS ON A TEST FRAME OF A TEST ARRANGEMENT AND TEST ARRANGEMENT WITH THE COUPLING DEVICE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A coupling device for coupling a damping apparatus to a test frame in a test arrangement for testing the damping apparatus, the coupling device comprising:an adjustment device having a coupling interface for coupling with the damping apparatus; and
a receiving device for coupling with the test frame and configured to receive the adjustment device;
wherein the coupling interface is variably configurable relative to the receiving device;
wherein the coupling interface is displaceable by the adjustment device in at least two rotational degrees of freedom and defines a coupling point arranged in fixed manner independently of the displacement of the adjustment device in the at least two rotational degrees of freedom.

US Pat. No. 10,113,939

TEST ARRANGEMENT FOR TESTING DAMPER DEVICES FOR DAMPING A FLAP THAT IS PIVOTABLE ABOUT A REAL PIVOT AXIS AND METHOD FOR TESTING THE DAMPER DEVICES

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

16. A test arrangement for testing damper devices for damping a flap that is pivotable about a flap pivot axis comprising:a test stand with a pivot axis configured to simulate the flap pivot axis;
a test frame configured as a function model of the flap;
a connecting device for pivotably connecting the test frame to the test stand about the pivot axis;
a damper device operably coupled between the test stand and the test frame for dampened pivoting of the test frame about the pivot axis, wherein the test frame comprises at least two rails that extend away from the pivot axis;
a coupling device disposed on the test frame and configured to connect the damper device to the rail;
a first mass compensation device constrained outside the rails at a first distance from the pivot axis; and
a second mass compensation device with at least one weight component arranged between the rails by way of a holder, the weight component shiftably mounted on the rails between the pivot axis and the first mass compensation device.

US Pat. No. 10,113,937

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MONITORING HOOK WEAR IN A GAS TURBINE ENGINE

SIEMENS ENERGY, INC., Or...

1. A system for monitoring a gap size of a gap between a seal holder and an adjacent disk in a compressor section of a gas turbine wherein the compressor section includes a hook section, comprising:an imaging device that generates at least one image of the gap, wherein a calibration image of the gap is generated when the gas turbine is in a cold state to provide a calibration gap size and an operational image of the gap is generated when the gas turbine is in operation to provide an operational gap size and wherein wear is detected in the hook section when the operational gap size is less than the calibration gap size;
an enclosure that houses the imaging device wherein the enclosure includes an attachment portion; and
an access port formed in the compressor section to provide a view of the gap for the imaging device, wherein the attachment portion is attached to the access port.

US Pat. No. 10,113,936

CLOSED-LOOP ENGINE TESTING SYSTEM

Rolls-Royce Corporation, ...

1. A system for testing an engine, comprising:a dynamometer coupled to the engine and controlled with a control signal; and
a control that derives the control signal from an operation parameter of the engine by
measuring a hydraulic fluid pressure of a propeller control,
comparing the hydraulic fluid pressure with a past hydraulic fluid pressure and a requested hydraulic fluid pressure, and
deriving the control signal from the comparison.

US Pat. No. 10,113,935

DISTRIBUTED MULTI-CHANNEL COHERENT OPTICAL FIBER SENSING SYSTEM

NEC Corporation, (JP)

9. A duo-functionality sensor system for a fiber optic medium, comprising:a spatial mode converter configured to convert an input signal into a plurality of spatial modes;
a polarization multiplexer configured to polarization multiplex the input signal and a spatial mode multiplexer configured to spatial mode multiplex the input signal;
at least one spatial filter for configuring a forward propagating signal for transmission over the fiber optic medium; and
at least one additional spatial filter for performing distributed fault sensing on the input signal based on a backscatter of the input signal;
wherein the at least one spatial filter and the at least one additional spatial filter are further configured to apply, using the at least one spatial filter in a forward direction and the at least one additional spatial filter in a backward direction within the fiber optic medium, the plurality of spatial modes within the fiber optic medium to transmit the input signal and perform distributed fault sensing on the input signal.

US Pat. No. 10,113,934

INTEGRATED PHOTONIC-MIRROR TEST CIRCUIT

Oracle International Corp...

1. An integrated circuit, comprising a reflectivity test circuit, wherein the reflectivity test circuit includes:a first mirror;
a first photodetector that, during operation, measures a first optical power;
a first optical waveguide having a first end optically coupled to the first mirror and a second end optically coupled to the first photodetector;
a first optical coupler;
a first optical port that, during operation, selectively receives first input optical power;
a second optical port that, during operation, selectively receives second input optical power;
a second optical waveguide optically coupled to the first optical waveguide by the first optical coupler, wherein a first end of the second optical waveguide is optically coupled to the first optical port and a second end of the second optical waveguide is optically coupled to the second optical port;
a second optical coupler;
a second mirror;
a second photodetector that, during operation, measures a second optical power;
a third optical waveguide optically coupled to the second optical waveguide by the second optical coupler, wherein a first end of the third optical waveguide is optically coupled to the second mirror and a second end of the third optical waveguide is optically coupled to the second photodetector; and
control logic electrically coupled to the first photodetector and the second photodetector, wherein, during operation, the control logic determines a reflectivity of the first mirror based on a first ratio of the first optical power and the second optical power when the first input optical power is received on the first optical port.

US Pat. No. 10,113,929

USE OF WHEEL SLIP TO HELP IDENTIFY SOFT SPOTS

Caterpillar Paving Produc...

1. A system for identifying and mapping soft spots traversed by a vehicle, the vehicle including a first wheel and a second wheel, the first and second wheels disposed on opposite sides of the vehicle, the system comprising:a first slip sensor for detecting a rotational speed of the first wheel and generating first wheel rotational speed data, the first slip sensor linked to a mapping system for transmitting the first wheel rotational speed data to the mapping system;
a GPS sensor for detecting and generating GPS data, the GPS sensor linked to the mapping system for transmitting the GPS data to the mapping system; and
the mapping system configured to identify a location of a first wheel slip based on the first wheel rotational speed data and the GPS data to provide location information for the soft spot;
wherein the location information is utilized by the mapping system to direct repair of the soft spot.

US Pat. No. 10,113,928

PRESSURE SENSOR AND A METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A pressure sensor comprising:a substrate having a cavity therein, wherein the cavity extends from a top surface toward a bottom surface of the substrate;
a partition wall disposed in the substrate to surround the cavity, wherein the partition wall has an inner sidewall exposed by the cavity;
a substrate insulation layer disposed on the top surface of the substrate to cover the cavity;
a sensing unit disposed on the substrate insulation layer, wherein, when viewed in a plan view, at least a portion of the sensing unit overlaps the cavity; and
an encapsulation layer disposed on the substrate insulation layer to cover the sensing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,113,926

CERAMIC SENSOR MODULE INCLUDING DIAPHRAGM AND CYLINDRICAL PORTION INTEGRATED WITH THE DIAPHRAGM

NAGANO KEIKI CO., LTD., ...

1. A ceramic sensor module comprising:a diaphragm having a displacement portion capable of being displaced depending on a pressure of a target fluid to be introduced, the diaphragm having a top flat surface; and
a cylindrical portion integrated with the diaphragm, wherein
the displacement portion is disposed at a center of the diaphragm,
the cylindrical portion is disposed at an outer periphery of the diaphragm, the outer periphery surrounding the center of the diaphragm,
the top flat surface is opposite to a surface of the diaphragm where the target fluid comes into contact and the top flat surface comprises a planar central part and a planar outer circumferential portion surrounding the planar central part and connected to the planar central part, the planar central part being provided with a detection portion, wherein the planar central part is coplanar with the planar outer circumferential portion, and the planar central part is in direct contact with the planar outer circumferential portion;
an electronic component is disposed on the top flat surface, and
the electronic component comprises: a component body disposed away from the planar central part; and a lead frame having a base end and a tip end, the base end being connected to the component body, the tip end being directly bonded to the planar outer circumferential portion.

US Pat. No. 10,113,925

MULTISTAGE SENSING DEVICE

NATIONAL TSING HUA UNIVER...

1. A multistage sensing device comprising:a substrate;
a deformable unit having a first body disposed on said substrate, and a second body disposed on said first body and opposite to said substrate; and
a sensor unit including a first sensor element and a second sensor element that are disposed in said deformable unit, said first sensor element being disposed between said second sensor element and said substrate,
wherein said second sensor element is operable to measure deformation of said second body when an external force is applied to said deformable unit, and said first sensor element is operable to measure deformation of said first body when said first body is deformed by the deformation of said second body, and
wherein said first body is formed with a first space, and said second body is formed with a second space.

US Pat. No. 10,113,924

PLASMONIC NANOPARTICLE-BASED COLORIMETRIC STRESS MEMORY SENSOR

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVER...

8. A method of forming a plasmonic nanoparticle-based colorimetric stress memory sensor, the method comprising:preparing bis(p-sulfonatophenyl)-phenylphosphine (BSPP) capped plasmonic nanoparticles;
assembling the BSPP capped plasmonic nanoparticles into a chain suspension;
mixing polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and the chain suspension into a homogenous mixture and drop casting the homogenous mixture onto a substrate; and
placing the mixture and substrate in a vacuum desiccator to allow evaporation of solvent from the mixture.

US Pat. No. 10,113,923

FORCE DETECTION DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A force detection device comprising:a substrate that includes a power supply wire, a reference wire, a first output wire, a second output wire and a plurality of mesa gauges disposed on a main surface of the substrate; and
a force transmission block that is connected to the substrate, wherein:
the plurality of mesa gauges include a first mesa gauge, a second mesa gauge, a third mesa gauge, and a fourth mesa gauge;
the first mesa gauge and the second mesa gauge are connected in series with each other between the power supply wire and the reference wire, the first mesa gauge is connected to a power supply wire side, and the second mesa gauge is connected to a reference wire side;
the third mesa gauge and the fourth mesa gauge are connected in series with each other between the power wire and the reference wire, the third mesa gauge is connected to the power supply wire side, and the fourth mesa gauge is connected to the reference wire side;
a pair of the first mesa gauge and the second mesa gauge and a pair of the third mesa gauge and the fourth mesa gauge are connected in parallel to each other between the power supply wire and the reference wire;
the first output wire is connected between the first mesa gauge and the second mesa gauge;
the second output wire is connected between the third mesa gauge and the fourth mesa gauge;
each of the first mesa gauge, the second mesa gauge, the third mesa gauge, and the fourth mesa gauge extends along a first direction; and
a contact area of the force transmission block with respect to a first pair of the first mesa gauge and the fourth mesa gauge is different from a contact area of the force transmission block with respect to a second pair of the second mesa gauge and the third mesa gauge.

US Pat. No. 10,113,922

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND TRIPLE-AXIAL FORCE MEASUREMENT SENSOR THEREOF

Chung-Yuan Christian Univ...

1. A triple-axial force measurement sensor, comprising:a first sensing unit, comprising:
a first electrode, comprising:
an electrode main body;
a plurality of first extension columns, connected to the electrode main body;
a plurality of second extension columns, connected to the electrode main body;
a plurality of first electrode columns, connected to the plurality of first extension columns, wherein a plurality of first containing spaces are formed between any two neighboring first electrode columns, and formed between any one first electrode column and an adjacent electrode main body; and
a plurality of second electrode columns, connected to the plurality of second extension columns, wherein a plurality of second containing spaces are formed between any two neighboring second electrode columns, and formed between any one second electrode column and an adjacent electrode main body; and
a plurality of second electrodes, each second electrode comprising:
a third extension column; and
a plurality of third electrode columns, connected to the third extension column, wherein the plurality of third electrode columns are respectively located in each first containing space; and
a plurality of third electrodes, each third electrode comprising:
a fourth extension column;
a plurality of fourth electrode columns, connected to the fourth extension column, wherein the plurality of fourth electrode columns are respectively located in each second containing space; and
a second sensing unit, located under the first sensing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,113,921

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING MECHANICAL STRESS OF MACHINERY

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A system comprising:a magnetostriction-based drive coil configured to generate a magnetic field in a target material of industrial machinery using a drive signal;
a magnetostriction-based sensing coil configured to measure a change in magnetic permeability of the target material of the industrial machinery as a sensed signal; and
noise reduction circuitry configured to:
receive the drive signal;
receive the sensed signal; and
at least partially remove noise in the sensed signal that corresponds to the drive signal to generate an output signal.

US Pat. No. 10,113,920

THERMOCHROMIC EFFICIENCY INDICATOR

Chromatic Technologies, I...

1. A method of using a thermochromic indicator, comprising:monitoring a temperature within an interior space of a building with said thermochromic indicator comprising:
a substrate; and
a first indicium coupled to said substrate, said first indicium comprising a first thermochromic compound capable of undergoing a reversible first thermochromic compound color change upon exposure to a first temperature which is predetermined to indicate that a temperature affector which affects said temperature does not produce a desired effect;
wherein said desired effect is the maintenance of said interior space above said first temperature;
wherein said first thermochromic compound color change is retained even upon discontinuation of exposure to said first temperature to effectively record exposure to said first temperature;
wherein said first thermochromic compound color change indicates said temperature affector did not produce said desired effect;
subsequent to monitoring said temperature, capturing an image of said thermochromic indicator with a camera coupled to an electronic device;
executing one or more non-transitory computer-readable application programs to (i) determine whether said first thermochromic compound underwent said first thermochromic compound color change, (ii) determine whether said temperature affector produced said desired effect, and (iii) provide one or more options directed toward improving said temperature affector when said temperature affector does not produce said desired effect.

US Pat. No. 10,113,918

ARRANGEMENT OF A SENSOR FOR MEASURING THE TEMPERATURE OF A MEDIUM IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

Conti Temic microelectron...

1. A sensor arrangement for measuring a temperature of a medium in a motor vehicle, the arrangement comprising:a sensor having a sensor body and two connecting wires, including a first connecting wire and a second connecting wire;
said first connecting wire and a majority of said sensor body being disposed in direct contact with the medium and said second connecting wire being completely insulated from the medium.

US Pat. No. 10,113,916

TEMPERATURE SENSING APPARATUS FOR HEAT EXCHANGER

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A temperature sensing apparatus for a heat exchanger, comprising:a sensor bracket provided at an outer circumferential surface of a refrigerant pipe of the heat exchanger; and
a temperature sensor provided inside of the sensor bracket, and configured to be in contact with the outer circumferential surface of the refrigerant pipe when the sensor bracket is installed at the refrigerant pipe to sense a surface temperature of the refrigerant pipe, and wherein the sensor bracket includes:
a bracket body configured to completely enclose the temperature sensor and partially surround the outer circumferential surface of the refrigerant pipe,
a groove or a recess formed at an inner bottom surface of the bracket body to accommodate the temperature sensor, and
at least one pipe holder protruding from the bracket body and configured to latch onto the outer circumferential surface of the refrigerant pipe, wherein the bracket body includes at least one drain hole penetrating the bracket body from the inner bottom surface to an outer bottom surface.

US Pat. No. 10,113,913

SYSTEMS FOR COLLECTING THERMAL MEASUREMENTS OF THE FACE

Facense Ltd., Kiryat Tiv...

1. A system configured to take thermal measurements indicative of a physiological response, comprising:a frame configured to be worn on a user's head;
first, second, third, and fourth thermal cameras, which are physically coupled to the frame; wherein the frame is configured to hold the first, second, third, and fourth thermal cameras less than 15 cm away from the user's face;
the first and third thermal cameras are located to the right of the vertical symmetry axis that divides the face; the second and fourth thermal cameras are located to the left of the vertical symmetry axis; and the third and fourth thermal cameras are located at least 1 cm below the first and second thermal cameras, respectively;
the first thermal camera is configured to take thermal measurements of a first region of interest (THROI1), wherein ROI1 covers a portion of the right side of the user's forehead;
the second thermal camera is configured to take thermal measurements of a second ROI (THROI2), wherein ROI2 covers a portion of the left side of the forehead;
the third thermal camera is configured to take thermal measurements of a third ROI (THROI3), wherein ROI3 covers a portion of the right side of the user's upper lip; and
the fourth thermal camera is configured to take thermal measurements of a fourth ROI (THROI4), wherein ROI4 covers a portion of the left side of the user's upper lip.

US Pat. No. 10,113,909

OPTICAL FILTER DEVICE, OPTICAL MODULE, AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. An optical filter device, comprising:an interference filter which includes a first substrate, a second substrate facing the first substrate and having a movable section that approaches and withdraws from the first substrate, a first reflective film provided on the first substrate, and a second reflective film provided on the movable section of the second substrate and facing the first reflective film;
a base section to which the interference filter is fixed; and
a fixing member which fixes at least one of the first substrate and the second substrate to the base section via at least one fixing position that is located at one surface side along a substrate thickness direction of the one of the first substrate and the second substrate,
wherein the fixing member has an elastic modulus of less than or equal to a first threshold at which the fixing member elastically deforms due to a stress that corresponds to a rotation of the interference filter that centers on the fixing position such that a first order resonance frequency of the interference filter in which the fixing position of the fixing member is used as a fixed end is less than or equal to half a value of a first order resonance frequency of the movable section.

US Pat. No. 10,113,908

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF OPTICAL AXIS ALIGNMENT MONITOR AND FEEDBACK CONTROL FOR A SPECTROMETER

The United States of Amer...

1. A monitoring and control system for a spectrometer, comprising:a single axis, wavelength-specific linear array detector column embedded in a two-dimensional (2-D) spectrometer detector array;
at least one optical alignment beacon positioned and directed along a central optical axis of an input aperture of an optical system;
wherein said beacon outputs illumination directed along a receiver optical path;
a fast steering mirror (FSM) provided in series with said optical axis of said beacon and an incoming ground scene radiance from said input aperture;
wherein said FSM alters optical pointing directions of radiance sources including said incoming ground scene radiance and said beacon illumination, in two axes including tip and tilt axes;
a turning mirror which reflects said radiance sources to focusing optics and a field stop slit of a field stop assembly;
wherein exiting radiance from said field-stop assembly is spectrally partitioned and directed orthogonal to a spatial cross-track image axis and focused onto said 2-D spectrometer detector array; and
wherein changes in tip and tilt optical axis motions are registered and parametrized to derive a feedback control signal from a feedback control system, for said FSM to provide corrective motions to image jitter and to restore focal plane image stability.

US Pat. No. 10,113,906

DEVICES AND METHODS FOR MEASURING LIGHT

BlueLight Analytics, Inc....

1. A device comprising:a) a light diffusing element comprising:
an element comprising a top portion, a bottom portion, and a side portion, wherein said top portion comprises a screen, said bottom portion comprises an inner surface that is substantially hemispherical, and said side portion comprises an inner surface that is substantially cylindrical, and wherein said side portion is connected to said top portion and said bottom portion; and
an outlet port in said side portion, wherein said outlet port is substantially parallel to said top portion and is adjacent to said bottom portion, and wherein said outlet port is configured to receive a light conducting conduit,
wherein said light diffusing element prevents light from penetrating through said side portion or said bottom portion.

US Pat. No. 10,113,905

RANDOM LIGHT COLLECTOR DEVICE

ADVA Optical Networking S...

1. A random light collector device comprising(a) a reflecting cavity configured to enclose a random light source that randomly transmits photons in essentially the whole solid angle of 4? steradian, the reflecting cavity having an inner wall adapted to reflect the photons in such a way that at least a portion of once or multiply reflected photons is directed to an output port of the reflecting cavity and
(b) a guiding means for directing the reflected photons and photons which are directly emitted to the output port and to a photodetector,
(c) wherein the guiding means is a hollow tube having an inner wall adapted to reflect the photons, and
(d) wherein a first end of the hollow tube is connected to or positioned adjacent to the output port of the reflecting cavity and wherein the photodetector is provided within the hollow tube or directly at or sufficiently close to a second end thereof in such a way that a sensitive area of the photodetector covers the whole cross-section of the second end.

US Pat. No. 10,113,904

OPTICAL SENSOR

SICK ENGINEERING GMBH, O...

1. An optical sensor comprising:a light transmitter for transmitting transmitted light beams into a measured zone;
a light receiver for receiving received light beams from the measured zone;
an evaluation unit for determining a property of the measured zone using the received light beams received by the light receiver;
at least one mirror unit for scattering the transmitted light beams and/or the received light beams, with the at least one mirror unit comprising a plurality of micromirror elements having an at least regionally reflective surface and comprising an electrode arrangement electrically connected to the micromirror elements; and
a control device that is configured to adjust the at least one mirror unit between at least two different functional states by controlling the electrode arrangement,
wherein the at least one mirror unit further comprises an at least substantially transparent substrate at which the micromirror elements are arranged; and wherein the control device is configured to temporarily set the at least one mirror unit into a transmission state in which the micromirror elements are in an open position and light radiation incident onto the at least one mirror unit moves past the micromirror elements through the transparent substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,113,902

DETECTION OF SEISMIC SIGNALS USING FIBER OPTIC DISTRIBUTED SENSORS

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A seismic event detection system in a well, comprising:a first fiber optic cable disposed in a borehole extending from an earth surface into a formation, the first fiber optic cable configured to react along its length to incident seismic signals originating: inside the borehole and propagating through the formation and the borehole or outside the borehole and propagating through the formation;
an optical source to launch optical pulses into the first fiber optic cable while the seismic signals are incident on the first fiber optic cable; and
a data acquisition system coupled to the first fiber optic cable to detect coherent Rayleigh noise (CRN) generated in response to the optical pulses to determine characteristics of the well based on the detected CRN.

US Pat. No. 10,113,900

FIELD DEVICE WITH MULTIPLE PROTOCOL SUPPORT

ROSEMOUNT TANK RADAR AB, ...

1. A level gauging system, the gauging system comprising:a radar level gauge for determining a filling level of a product in a tank;
a host system connectable to the radar level gauge to receive measurement data from the radar level gauge; and
a portable configuration tool, which is external to the radar level gauge and connectable to the radar level gauge for configuring tank specific parameters;
said radar level gauge including:
transceiver circuitry configured to transmit an electromagnetic transmit signal and receive an electromagnetic return signal reflected from a surface of the product;
a signal propagation device arranged to guide said transmit signal towards said surface, and to guide said return signal to said transceiver circuitry;
processing circuitry configured to determine said filling level based on a relationship between the electromagnetic transmit signal and the electromagnetic return signal;
a physical communication interface allowing bi-directional communication of data structured according to either a first digital communication protocol or a second digital communication protocol;
first communication circuitry for communicating measurement data from the radar level gauge using said first digital communication protocol when said communication interface is connected to the host system;
second communication circuitry for enabling configuration of the radar level gauge using said second digital communication protocol when said communication interface is conductively connected to the configuration tool;
protocol identification circuitry connected to said communication interface for intercepting data received by said communication interface from at least one of said host system and said portable configuration tool connected to said physical communication interface, and configured to parse intercepted data to determine if said intercepted data is structured according to said first digital communication protocol or according to said second digital communication protocol; and
control circuitry for directing the intercepted data to said first communication circuitry when said intercepted data is structured according to said first digital communication protocol and to said second communication circuitry when said intercepted data is structured according to said second digital communication protocol.

US Pat. No. 10,113,894

GAS FLOW CHARACTERIZATION IN ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

General Electric Company,...

1. A method of characterizing gas flow within a housing of a machine, comprising:positioning one or more gas flow sensors in the housing wherein the one or more gas flow sensors are integral with a build plate;
introducing a gas flow into the housing;
using the one or more gas flow sensors to generate two or more gas flow measurements at spaced-apart locations within the housing; and
recording the two or more measurements to create a gas flow map.

US Pat. No. 10,113,893

METHOD OF, AND APPARATUS FOR, MONITORING THE AVAILABLE RESOURCES OF A GAS CYLINDER

Air Products and Chemical...

1. A method of determining the predicted usage of gas from a gas cylinder assembly comprising a gas cylinder and a valve and regulator assembly, the method using a sensor assembly comprising a gas sensor and comprising the steps of:a) determining, using the gas sensor, the mass of gas in the gas cylinder at a time t;
b) determining, at time t, the average measured flow rate of gas from the gas cylinder; and
c) determining, at time t, the time remaining until the quantity of gas in the gas cylinder reaches a predetermined level, the time remaining being determined from the mass of gas in the gas cylinder at time t, the average measured flow rate of gas from the gas cylinder as determined at time t, and a predetermined scaling factor selected in dependence upon the proportion of gas remaining in the gas cylinder at time t;
wherein the gas sensor comprises a piezoelectric oscillator immersed in the gas within the gas cylinder, and the sensor assembly comprises a drive circuit for driving the piezoelectric oscillator, and step a) comprises:
d) driving, by means of the drive circuit, the piezoelectric oscillator such that the piezoelectric oscillator resonates at a resonant frequency; and
e) measuring the resonant frequency of the piezoelectric oscillator at time t; and
f) determining, from the resonant frequency, the mass of the gas within the gas cylinder at time t.

US Pat. No. 10,113,891

FLOW RATE MEASUREMENT DEVICE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A flow rate measurement device, comprising:a measurement channel;
a pair of hole portions each being in communication with the measurement channel;
a pair of ultrasonic transceivers disposed across the pair of hole portions from the measurement channel;
a propagation time measurer which measures a propagation time between the pair of ultrasonic transceivers;
a flow rate calculator which calculates a flow rate based on a flow velocity determined from the propagation time measured by the propagation time measurer; and
a turbulence reduction component disposed between the pair of hole portions and the measurement channel and having a pair of opening portions at positions corresponding to the pair of hole portions, wherein
the pair of opening portions of the turbulence reduction component each have frame pieces which are substantially identical in width.

US Pat. No. 10,113,889

QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR NAVIGATION-ASSISTED PROCEDURES

Koninklijke Philips N.V.,...

1. A calibration system for a tracking system, comprising:a channel block having a plurality of channels formed therein, the plurality of channels being configured to correspond to locations where treatment devices are inserted for treatment of a patient, the channels being dimensioned to restrict motion of the treatment devices; and
the tracking system configured to monitor a position of at least one treatment device inserted in at least one of the channels of the plurality of channels, the tracking system being configured to generate tracking data for the at least one treatment device as the treatment devices move through the plurality of channels for comparison from within a corresponding channel with an expected position based on the true positional data for the at least one treatment device from within the corresponding channel, the expected path data include one or more of a particular grid position a stepper setting, arbitrarily set data, and data from a surgical plan.

US Pat. No. 10,113,888

POSITION DETECTION APPARATUS, APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME AND POSITION DETECTION METHOD

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A position detection apparatus comprising:a first position detector (a) being an optical position detector used with an optical scale provided with multiple periodic patterns whose periods are mutually different and (b) configured to receive lights from the multiple periodic patterns when moving relatively to the optical scale with a movement of a movable member to generate multiple first detection signals respectively changing at periods corresponding to the periods of the multiple periodic patterns;
a second position detector being a non-optical position detector and configured to generate a second detection signal changing with the movement of the moveable member; and
a calculator configured to (a) produce a first position signal by using the multiple first detection signals, (b) produce a second position signal whose resolution is different from that of the first position signal, by using the second detection signal, and (c) perform a calculation for combining the first position signal with the second position signal to produce a signal showing an absolute position of the movable member,
wherein the first position signal has multiple folded-back portions; and
the resolution of the second position signal is a resolution capable of specifying one of the multiple folded-back portions.