US Pat. No. 10,768,275

ANTENNA APPARATUS

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An antenna apparatus mounted in a bumper of a vehicle, the antenna apparatus comprising:a dielectric substrate;
a base plate provided on the dielectric substrate and configured to serve as an antenna ground surface;
an antenna unit provided on a surface of the dielectric substrate, and having an antenna pattern configured to serve as an antenna array; and
a reflecting unit arranged to surround the antenna unit, including a plurality of conductor patterns serving as a reflector,
wherein each of the plurality of conductor patterns has a size smaller than an effective wavelength, at a preset operating frequency of the antenna unit, and is structured to resonate in a resonating direction different from a polarization direction of a radio wave transmitted and received by the antenna unit.

US Pat. No. 10,768,274

BUILT-IN SENSOR FOR INTERCEPTING RADIOELECTRIC COM/RAD EMISSIONS

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A sensor for intercepting radioelectric signals, suitable for analyzing radar emissions and communication emissions, including:a reception stage, digitizing an incident radioelectric signal to output a digitized signal;
a primary analysis processing stage, preprocessing the digitized signal so as to determine a plurality of primary characteristics of the incident radioelectric signal, the primary analysis processing stage outputting a preprocessed digitized signal associating the plurality of primary characteristics with the digitized signal; and
a secondary analysis processing stage, including a processing chain for analyzing the preprocessed digitized signal dedicated to communication emissions, and a processing chain for analyzing the preprocessed digitized signal dedicated to radar emissions,
the primary analysis processing stage including a discrimination module capable of applying the preprocessed digitized signal at the input of the processing chain dedicated to communication emissions and/or at the input of the processing chain dedicated to radar emissions, based on primary characteristics determined for the incident radioelectric signal.

US Pat. No. 10,768,273

ORTHOGONAL PHASE MODULATION FOR DETECTION AND COMMUNICATION IN RADAR

UNIVERSITE DU LUXEMBOURG,...

1. A method of orthogonal modulation of radar waves of a phase-modulated continuous wave radar system by a sequence of numerical communication symbols, the method comprising steps of:selecting an equidistant bi-phased or multi-phased phase-modulation sequence, wherein members of the sequence are given by complex roots of unity,
phase-modulating the continuous radar wave of the radar system, and
transmitting the orthogonal phase-modulated continuous radar wave towards a scene,
and the method being characterized by the following steps of:
generating a detection sequence (s) by applying an outer coding (H) to the bi-phased or multi-phased phase-modulation sequence,
selecting a communication range (C) in the complex number plane, based on the selected equidistant bi-phased or multi-phased phase-modulation,
generating a communication sequence (c) comprising a plurality of sequence members, wherein the members are natural numbers,
mapping the communication sequence (c) into the communication range (C) by applying an injective mapping function (?) to the members of the communication sequence (c),
calculating a numerical product of members of the detection sequence (s) with members of an image of the mapped communication sequence (c),
wherein the step of phase-modulating the continuous radar wave of the radar system is carried out according to the calculated numerical products.

US Pat. No. 10,768,271

DISTANCE OR POSITION DETERMINATION

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A rangefinder device comprising:an input for receiving image data captured by a camera, the image data comprising an image of a light source; and
at least one hardware processor configured to:
detect a coded light signal modulated into light from the light source, and retrieve one or more physical dimensions of the light source based on the coded light signal from said light source, and
determine a distance of the camera from the light source, by performing a geometric perspective calculation to compare the one or more retrieved physical dimensions with one or more apparent dimensions of the image of the light source.

US Pat. No. 10,768,270

ELECTRONIC DEVICE WITH LASER MARKING FUNCTION AND LASER MARKING METHOD

Fu Tai Hua Industry (Shen...

1. An electronic device with a laser marking function comprising:at least one processor;
a projection device coupled to the at least one processor and comprising a projection screen, wherein a plurality of microwave receivers is arranged on a plurality of predefined positions of the projection screen; and
a storage device coupled to the at least one processor and storing instructions for execution by the at least one processor to cause the at least one processor to:
control the plurality of microwave receivers to receive a first microwave transmitted by a first microwave transmitter of a laser pen and a second microwave transmitted by a second microwave transmitter of the laser pen;
acquire time intervals between the time when the two microwave transmitters transmit the microwave and the time when each of the plurality of microwave receivers receives the microwave;
calculate distances between the plurality of microwave receivers and the first microwave transmitter, and distances between the plurality of microwave receivers and the second microwave transmitter;
establish a three-dimensional rectangular coordinate system according to the plurality of microwave receivers and the projection screen;
calculate a coordinate value of a drop point formed by a laser beam transmitted from the laser pen on the projection screen, according to the coordinate values of the plurality of microwave receivers, the respective distances between the plurality of microwave receivers and the first and second microwave transmitters; and
mark the drop point on the projection screen according to the coordinate value of the drop point.

US Pat. No. 10,768,269

METHOD FOR LOCATING ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSE EMISSION SOURCES IN AN ENVIRONMENT INCLUDING REFLECTORS

Thales, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for locating at least two electromagnetic pulse emission sources in an environment, the environment comprising at least two reflectors, the method comprising:receiving, by a detector, for each source to be located, at least one same emitted pulse, received on the one hand directly from the source and received on the other hand by reflection on one of the reflectors,
measuring a arrival direction, a date of arrival, a power and at least one invariant technical characteristic of each received pulse,
identifying direct subsets and reflected subsets, each direct subset comprising pulses received directly from a same source to be located, each reflected subset comprising pulses emitted by a same source to be located and received after reflection on a same reflector,
grouping by pairs of direct subsets with reflected subsets, the pulses of the subsets of each pair having the same invariant technical characteristics,
calculating, for each pair, differences in dates of arrival between the pulses of the reflected subset and the pulses of the direct subset of the pair,
determining a distance of each source from the detector from calculated differences in dates of arrival of the pulses of each pair, and
determining the location of each source based on the arrival directions and the distance corresponding to the source as determined by the grouping,
wherein the identifying comprises:
regrouping received pulses with same invariant technical characteristics and same directions of arrival into subsets,
determining a maximum power of the pulses of each subset and a number of pulses of each subset,
for each subset, when a first condition is met, then the subset comprises pulses received directly, the first condition stipulating that the maximum power determined for the subset is greater than or equal to a first predetermined power threshold and the number of pulses determined for the subset is equal to a maximum number of pulses from among the number of pulses of the subsets with same invariant technical characteristics as the subset irrespective of the direction of arrival of the subsets, and
for each subset, when a second condition is met, then the pulses of the subset are identified as received reflected, the second condition stipulating that the maximum power determined for the subset is strictly less than a second predetermined power threshold and the number of pulses determined for the subset is strictly less than the maximum number of pulses from among the number of pulses of the subsets with same invariant technical characteristics as the subset irrespective of the direction of arrival of the subsets.

US Pat. No. 10,768,268

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING PROPERTIES OF CHANNEL

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for operating a first electronic device, the method comprising:receiving, by the first electronic device, a message including information, from a second electronic device;
determining, by the first electronic device, properties of a first signal and a second signal that are received through different frequency bands from the second electronic device based on the information; and
performing, by the first electronic device, line-of-sight (LoS) determination by comparing the properties of the first signal and the second signal,
wherein the information includes at least one parameter for a transmission power of the first signal and a transmission power of the second signal, and
wherein the at least one parameter is used by the first electronic device for determining the properties of the first signal and the second signal.

US Pat. No. 10,768,266

TORQUE LIMITER DEVICES, SYSTEMS AND METHODS AND SOLAR TRACKERS INCORPORATING TORQUE LIMITERS

Array Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A solar tracker assembly comprising:one or more support columns;
one or more torque tubes or torsion beams connected to the support columns, the one or more torque tubes or torsion beams rotatable relative to the support columns;
a mounting mechanism attached to the one or more torque tubes or torsion beams, the mounting mechanism configured to connect one or more solar modules to the one or more torque tubes or torsion beams;
a drive system configured to rotate the one or more torque tubes or torsion beams;
a torque limiter connected to the drive system; and
a plurality of mechanical stops disposed at a maximum rotational position of the solar tracker assembly;
wherein when a hinge moment force causes a level of torque on the drive system to exceed a pre-set limit, the torque limiter facilitates rotational movement of the solar tracker assembly in the direction of the torque, thereby allowing the hinge moment force to rotate the mounting mechanism about a pivot axis extending through the one or more torque tubes or torsion beams; and
wherein, when the torque limiter facilitates rotational movement of the solar tracker, the plurality of mechanical stops prevents rotational movement of the solar tracker assembly beyond the maximum rotational position at multiple locations.

US Pat. No. 10,768,265

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DIRECTION FINDING USING COMPRESSIVE SENSING

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. A method for compressive sensing at an array antenna, the method comprising:forming a plurality of subarrays of array elements from the array antenna, wherein a count of array elements in any of the plurality of subarrays is based at least in part on a minimum number of samples needed to reconstruct a received signal, the minimum number of samples being determined based on a restricted isometry property of the array antenna and a mutual incoherence of at least one of a dictionary matrix associated with the array antenna and a measurement matrix associated with the array antenna;
during any given time period, capturing data at a subset of the plurality of subarrays of array elements using a plurality of receiver channels coupled to the plurality of subarrays;
modulating phase properties of the data captured at each of the subarrays to produce modulated data, the modulating being performed by using a plurality of phase shifters coupled to the plurality of receiver channels;
combining the modulated data from each of the plurality of subarrays to form a measurement having phase and magnitude measurements corresponding to the combined modulated data using a summing module; and
determining angle of arrival information for the data using the measurement.

US Pat. No. 10,768,263

TEST AND MEASUREMENT DEVICE AND OPERATING METHOD

1. A test and measurement device for testing an electronic device under test, the test and measurement device comprising:a test controller controlling the test and measurement device to perform tests with the electronic device under test based on respective user provided configuration parameters,
a memory device coupled to the test controller,
wherein the test controller automatically stores for every test in the memory device parameter sets comprising the user provided configuration parameters,
a display device displaying representations of the stored parameter sets, and
a tabbed interface that is displayed on the display device,
wherein every tab of the tabbed interface comprises one of the representations of the stored user provided parameter sets;
said test controller further storing an image representing the parameter sets of user provided configuration parameters,
wherein said image comprising at least one of a measurement curve recorded during the test, and
a screen shot of a complete content of the display device as shown during the test.

US Pat. No. 10,768,262

MANAGING THE DETERMINATION OF A TRANSFER FUNCTION OF A MEASUREMENT SENSOR

Analog Devices Global Unl...

1. An apparatus for controlling an operation of an electrical measurement system, the apparatus being configured to:include a plurality of operating states comprising at least:
a) a first operating state to monitor at least a first measurement sensor for measuring a first electrical property of a utility meter to determine a first monitor result comprising:
1) an estimate of a transfer function of the first measurement sensor, and
2) a corresponding certainty value of the estimate of the transfer function of the first measurement sensor,
b) a second operating state which does not monitor the first measurement sensor of the electrical measurement system; and, wherein the apparatus is also configured for:
using the first operating state to determine the first monitor result of the utility meter;
selecting one of the plurality of operating states, wherein the selecting is based at least in part on at least one of the first monitor result or the corresponding certainty value; and
performing a control action for controlling the operation to implement the selected operating state.

US Pat. No. 10,768,261

ALTERNATING GRADIENTS FOR METAL-INDUCED ARTIFACTS CORRECTION IN MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING

The Board of Trustees of ...

1. A method for magnetic resonance imaging that suppresses off-resonance gradient-induced image artifacts due to metal, the method comprising:performing by a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) apparatus two multi-spectral imaging (MSI) acquisitions within a field of view of the MRI apparatus, where the two MSI acquisitions have alternating-sign readout gradients during signal readout; and
processing and combining by the MRI apparatus the two MSI acquisitions using a weighted image combination to produce a final image;
wherein combining the two MSI acquisitions using the weighted image combination comprises weighting a MSI acquisition m+ with weight w+, weighting a MSI acquisition m? with weight w?, where the weights w+ and w? include effects of both an RF excitation weight wRF and local gradient weight wG, and where MSI acquisition m+ and MSI acquisition m? have opposite directions of readout gradients.

US Pat. No. 10,768,260

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING NOISE IN MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING USING A LOCAL LOW RANK TECHNIQUE

Regents of the University...

1. A method for generating a denoised image from data acquired with a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system, the method including steps comprising:(a) controlling an MM system to acquire magnetic resonance (MR) image data from a target;
(b) reconstructing a series of MR images of the target from the MR image data using a computer system, wherein pixel values in each MR image in the series of MR images are defined using signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) units;
(c) selecting with the computer system, an image patch corresponding to the series of MR images;
(d) forming a matrix with the computer system by combining vectors generated using the image patch; and
(e) applying a local low-rank denoising technique with the computer system using the matrix and the series of MR images to generate at least one denoised MR image.

US Pat. No. 10,768,257

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR GENERATING MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGES

Siemens Healthcare GmbH, ...

1. A method for generating magnetic resonance (MR) recordings of an examination subject situated in an MR data acquisition scanner of an MR tomography apparatus, said method comprising:operating the MR data acquisition scanner to acquire first MR raw data from the subject, in a first recording region that is inside a homogeneity volume of the scanner, and to acquire second MR raw data from the subject, in a second recording region that is outside of said homogeneity volume;
in a computer, reconstructing first image data based on said first MR raw data, and reconstructing second image data based on said second MR raw data; and
in said computer, combining said first image data and said second image data so as to form combination image data, said combination image data covering a region that extends in said first recording region and in said second recording region.

US Pat. No. 10,768,256

METHOD, PROCESSOR AND MAGNETIC RESONANCE APPARATUS FOR DISPLAYING QUANTITATIVE MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGE DATA

Siemens Healthcare GmbH, ...

1. A method for displaying quantitative magnetic resonance (MR) image data of an examination object, comprising:providing a processor with first quantitative MR image data of an examination object, said first quantitative MR image data having been produced by an MR scanner using a first basic magnetic field strength;
in said processor, executing an algorithm that acts on the first quantitative MR image data in order to convert said first quantitative MR image data into synthetic second quantitative MR image data as would be acquired by said MR scanner using a second basic magnetic field strength that differs from said first basic magnetic field strength; and
displaying the second quantitative MR image data at a display screen.

US Pat. No. 10,768,255

AUTOMATIC CONFIGURATION OF A LOW FIELD MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING SYSTEM

Hyperfine Research, Inc.,...

1. A method of dynamically configuring a first magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system, the method comprising:detecting a second MRI system in an environment of the first MRI system;
negotiating with the second MRI system at least one operating parameter to reduce or eliminate interference between the first MRI system and the second MRI system, wherein negotiating the at least one operating parameter comprises:
selecting a first Larmor frequency for the first MRI system;
selecting a second Larmor frequency for the second MRI system, wherein the second Larmor frequency is different from the first Larmor frequency; and
operating the first MRI system using the first Larmor frequency to obtain at least one first magnetic resonance image; and
operating the second MRI system using the second Larmor frequency to obtain at least one second magnetic resonance image.

US Pat. No. 10,768,254

METHOD AND MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING A PLANNING ENVIRONMENT FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING

Siemens Healthcare GmbH, ...

1. A method for presenting a planning environment for magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of a subject under examination by operation of an MR imaging apparatus, said method comprising:providing an electronic input into a computer that selects an MR sequence for said MR imaging of the subject with said MR apparatus, the MR sequence comprising a plurality of repetitions of a cycle of the MR sequence;
in said computer, for the selected MR sequence, acquiring an adjustment parameter that is specific to the subject;
in said computer, specifying a limit value for a loading parameter of the subject;
in said computer, determining a parameter range for an imaging parameter of the selected MR sequence using said adjustment parameter and said specified limit value for the loading parameter to determine the loading parameter of the subject by multiplying a loading parameter for one of the cycles by a number of the cycles in the MR sequence, the loading parameter being produced by executing said MR sequence, and comparing the loading parameter in the computer with the limit value for the loading parameter; and
at a user interface in communication with said computer, presenting a planning environment for the MR imaging of the subject, in which only the determined parameter range can be set for the imaging parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,768,253

MR IMAGING WITH SIGNAL SUPPRESSION OF A SPIN SERIES

Siemens Healthcare GmbH, ...

1. A method to acquire magnetic resonance data from nuclear spins in a slice of an examination subject, said slice comprising nuclear spins of a first spin species and a second spin species exhibiting a frequency shift relative to each other and having respectively different spin-lattice relaxation times, said method comprising:operating a magnetic resonance apparatus with the examination subject situated therein, to apply an inversion pulse that acts on a longitudinal magnetization of said first spin species in said slice and on a longitudinal magnetization of said second spin species in said slice;
after a predetermined time period that is dependent on said spin-lattice relaxation time of said second spin species, operating said magnetic resonance apparatus to apply an excitation pulse and an associated first gradient pulse, that produce a transverse magnetization of said nuclear spins in said slice;
after applying said excitation pulse and said associated first gradient pulse, operating said magnetic resonance apparatus to apply at least one manipulation pulse and an associated second gradient pulse, that produce at least one echo of said transverse magnetization of at least said first spin species, said second gradient pulse having an amplitude that is different from an amplitude of said first gradient pulse;
operating said magnetic resonance apparatus to acquire magnetic resonance data from an entirety of said slice during said at least one echo;
operating said magnetic resonance apparatus to suppress signals from said second spin species in the acquired magnetic resonance data by, in a partial region of said slice, applying said inversion pulse with different flip angles for said first spin species and said second spin species due to said frequency shift, and applying said excitation pulse with a disappearing flip angle for said second spin species; and
processing the acquired magnetic resonance data in a computerized processor to generate an electronic signal having a format from which a magnetic resonance image of said slice can be generated, said magnetic resonance image comprising substantially only signal contributions that originate from said first spin species, and making said electronic signal available at an output of said processor.

US Pat. No. 10,768,251

METHOD FOR ANALYZING AN NMR SPECTRUM OF A LIPOPROTEIN-CONTAINING SAMPLE

numares AG, Regensburg (...

1. A method for analyzing an NMR spectrum of a lipoprotein-containing sample, comprising the following steps:a) defining a spectral range to be analyzed of at least 0.5 ppm of an NMR spectrum of a lipoprotein-containing sample,
b) fitting a first spectral function of a first individual lipid component and at least one further spectral function of a further individual lipid component into the whole spectral range to be analyzed,
wherein the first spectral function represents at least a part of an NMR spectrum of the first individual lipid component taking into account the behavior of the first lipid component in the surroundings of a lipoprotein particle of a first defined lipoprotein class or lipoprotein subclass, and
wherein the further spectral function represents at least a part of an NMR spectrum of the further individual lipid component taking into account the behavior of the further lipid component in the surroundings of a lipoprotein particle of the same defined lipoprotein class or lipoprotein subclass, and
c) determining a concentration or an amount of the first individual lipid component and the further individual lipid component and therefrom a concentration or an amount of the first defined lipoprotein class or lipoprotein subclass in the lipoprotein-containing sample and optionally of each other defined lipoprotein class or lipoprotein subclass based on the fitting operations of step b).

US Pat. No. 10,768,250

TECHNIQUES FOR OPERATING MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGERS TO CRUSH RETURNS FROM UNWANTED COHERENCE PATHWAYS

THE TRUSTEES OF COLUMBIA ...

1. A method for operating a magnetic resonance device, the method comprising:receiving first data that indicates a sequence of n radio frequency (RF) pulses with one or more target coherence pathways of spin states for making a magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) measurement using a MRS device of a subject that has at least N?1 coupled spin states of interest;
determining a negative non-integer amplitude for at least one intervening crusher pulse emitted from at least one spatial gradient magnetic coil, wherein
the at least one intervening crusher pulse has a duration less than a time between successive pulses of the sequence of n RF pulses, and
the intervening crusher pulse de-phases unwanted coherence pathways; and
operating the magnetic resonance device using the at least one intervening pulse and the sequence of n RF pulses.

US Pat. No. 10,768,249

PULSED POWER SYSTEM AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

GE PRECISION HEALTHCARE L...

1. A pulsed power system, comprising:at least two H-bridges cascaded for providing pulsed current to a load, wherein each H-bridge comprises at least two legs, and each leg comprises at least two transistor switches connected in series, wherein each transistor switch comprises a transistor and a diode electrically coupled with the transistor in parallel, and the diode is configured to conduct current across a source and a drain of the transistor, and the load is connected between a node between the two transistor switches of a first leg of a first H-bridge of the at least two H-bridges and a node between the two transistor switches of a second leg of a second H-bridge of the at least two H-bridges; and
a controller configured to:
determine if a slew rate of a load current across the load is lower than a threshold; and
reduce switching loss in response to the slew rate being lower than the threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,768,248

NMR PROBE HEAD WITH A BACKBONE IN THE SHIELDING TUBE

BRUKER BIOSPIN GMBH, Rhe...

1. An NMR probe head configured for insertion into a magnet bore of a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) magnet system and comprising:in a coil region, a radio frequency (RF) coil arrangement configured to irradiate RF pulses into an NMR measurement sample and/or to receive RF signals from the NMR measurement sample and, when arranged in an NMR measurement operating state, is arranged in a measurement region around a magnetic center inside the magnet bore,
electrical, mechanical and RF components,
an elongated shielding tube (a) made of electrically conductive material that shields against RF radiation external to the probe head, (b) having a longitudinal axis, (c) surrounding the electrical, mechanical and RF components, and (d) through which electrical supply lines extend from a connection region arranged outside the measurement region in the NMR measurement operating state to the coil region,
an elongated backbone (a) arranged inside the shielding tube (b) having an inherently rigid, mechanically stiff structure with continuous bores and/or connecting channels which run at least substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of the shielding tube and accommodate the electrical supply lines, and (c) having a continuously electrically conductive outer surface which leads from the connection region to the coil region and is electrically conductively connected to an inner surface of the electrically conductive shielding tube via electrically conductive connecting elements, providing a continuous electrically conductive contour between the backbone and the shielding tube, wherein the continuous electrical contour between the backbone and the shielding tube comprises a plurality of waveguides parallel to the longitudinal axis of the shielding tube, and wherein a cross-sectional area of the waveguides is dimensioned such that each of the waveguides has a cut-off frequency which is above a highest measurement frequency of the NMR probe head.

US Pat. No. 10,768,246

MAGNETIC SENSOR WITH ELONGATED SOFT MAGNETIC BODY

TDK Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A magnetic sensor comprising:a first magnetic field detecting element that is arranged in a plane that includes a first direction and a second direction that is perpendicular to the first direction, wherein the first magnetic field detecting element detects a magnetic field in the first direction; and
a soft magnetic body that is adjacent to the first magnetic field detecting element in the first direction, wherein
L/W is equal to or more than 10, where W is a length of the soft magnetic body in the first direction, and L is a length of the soft magnetic body in the second direction,
the magnetic sensor further comprises a second magnetic field detecting element that is arranged in a plane that includes the first direction and the second direction, wherein the second magnetic field detecting element detects a magnetic field in the first direction,
each of the first and second magnetic field detecting elements has a magnetic field sensing film that detects a magnetic field in the first direction and a pair of leads that interpose the magnetic field sensing film in a third direction that is perpendicular both to the first direction and to the second direction, and
the soft magnetic body is positioned between the pair of leads of the first magnetic field detecting element and the pair of leads of the second magnetic field detecting element and does not overlap with the pair of leads of the first magnetic field detecting element nor with the pair of leads of the second magnetic field detecting element, as seen in the third direction.

US Pat. No. 10,768,245

COMPLIANT PIN WITH SELF SENSING DEFORMATION

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A compliant pin system comprising:a pin including a first end, a second end, and an intermediate portion;
a compliant section provided at the intermediate portion, the compliant section including a first leg and an opposing second leg, the second leg being spaced from the first leg by a deformation zone;
a first plurality of contact members extending along the first leg;
a second plurality of contact members extending along the second leg, the second plurality of contact members being substantially aligned with the first plurality of contact members;
a first plurality of electrical conductors arranged along the first leg, each of the first plurality of electrical conductors including an end portion terminating at a corresponding one of the first plurality of contacts;
a second plurality of electrical conductors arranged along the second leg, each of the second plurality of electrical conductors including an end section terminating at a corresponding one of the second plurality of contacts; and
a pin validation system operatively connected to the first plurality of electrical conductors and the second plurality of electrical conductors, the pin validation system detecting a presence of an electrical signal passing between corresponding pairs of the first plurality of contact members and the second plurality of contact members to determine an integrity of the compliant pin.

US Pat. No. 10,768,242

GROUND-FAULT PROTECTION FOR DIRECT CURRENT CIRCUITS

COTTONWOOD CREEK TECHNOLO...

1. A ground fault detection system for detecting ground faults, the system comprising:a common mode union, wherein a first portion of the common mode union is connected to a positive source of a power supply and a second portion of the common mode union is connected to a negative source of the power supply, wherein:
the positive source has a more positive terminal and a more negative terminal, and the negative source has a more negative terminal and a more positive terminal; and
the first portion of the common mode union is attached to the more negative terminal of the positive source and the second portion of the common mode union is attached to the more positive terminal of the negative source;
a power supply symmetry circuit connected to the common mode union, wherein the power supply symmetry circuit is configured to generate a symmetry signal indicative of the symmetry of voltages of the positive terminal of the power supply and the negative terminal of the power supply;
an offset threshold comparator circuit configured to generate a ground-fault signal indicating a ground fault based on the symmetry signal indicative; and
a local load control circuit configured to remove power to a load in response to the ground-fault signal.

US Pat. No. 10,768,241

POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT AND SOUND EQUIPMENT

YAMAHA CORPORATION, Hama...

1. A power supply circuit comprising:an internal power source that receives electric power from an external power source;
an abnormality detection circuit that detects abnormalities of the external power source;
a protection target circuit that receives the electric power from the external power source; and
a protection function unit that restricts electric power supplied to the protection target circuit to a predetermined range, upon the abnormality detection circuit detecting the abnormalities,
wherein the external power source includes a first external power source and a second external power source,
wherein the internal power source receives electric power from at least one of the first or second external power source, and
wherein the abnormality detection circuit detects abnormalities of the second external power source.

US Pat. No. 10,768,240

GENERATING ONE-LINE ELECTRICAL NETWORK DIAGRAMS

SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC USA, I...

1. A method for analyzing power flow in a power system comprising:generating, on a computer system, a one-line electrical network diagram indicative of the power system, the one-line electrical network diagram including representations of electrical components in the power system and connections between the electrical components in the power system;
analyzing, by the computer system, the one-line electrical network diagram to recognize each of the electrical components, the electrical components including at least one power source, at least one power transferor, at least one power carrier and at least one power validator, wherein the at least one power transferor is configured to transfer power received from the at least one power source to the at least one power carrier, and the at least one power validator is configured to validate a flow of power between the at least one power source, the at least one power transferor and the at least one power carrier;
determining, for each of the electrical components, a functional type of the electrical component based on a graphical analysis of the electrical component, the functional type of the electrical component indicating a specific type of the at least one power source, the at least one power transferor, the at least one power carrier, or the at least one power validator corresponding to the electrical component;
determining, for each of the electrical components, one or more properties of the electrical component, the properties corresponding to characteristics that affect the operation of the electrical component or provide information about the electrical component; based on the functional types and properties of each of the electrical components, determining current states of each of the electrical components, and generating animation algorithms for each of the electrical components, the animation algorithms controlling animation of the one-line electrical network diagram, the animation showing at least flow of power in the power system based on the current states of each of the electrical components; and
evaluating the flow of power depicted by the animation to detect and repair potential problems associated with the power system,
wherein the animation algorithms include an algorithm for identifying, for each one of the electrical components, which power source of the at least one power source is used to power the one of the electrical components.

US Pat. No. 10,768,239

BATTERY SYSTEM WITH A VOLTAGE EQUALIZING CIRCUIT

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A battery system comprising:a battery cell; and
a voltage balancing circuit for balancing a voltage at the battery cell;
wherein the voltage balancing circuit includes:
a balancing current path electrically connected between a positive power connection terminal and a negative power connection terminal of the battery cell, two resistors, and a controllable balancing switch connected in series with the two resistors; and a measuring arrangement electrically connected on a signal-input side to an electrical connecting point between the two resistors and configured to detect a first voltage potential at the electrical connecting point;
wherein the measuring arrangement comprises:
an analog-to-digital converter electrically connected to the electrical connecting point by a first signal input and configured to form a first digital voltage potential value from the first voltage potential;
a filter electrically connected between the electrical connecting point and the analog-to-digital converter and configured to suppress AC potential components in the first voltage potential; and
a controllable bypass switch electrically connected between the electrical connecting point and the analog-to-digital converter in parallel with the filter and configured to bypass the filter in a closed switching state.

US Pat. No. 10,768,237

MOTOR DRIVING DEVICE AND MEASURING METHOD

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A motor driving device for driving a plurality of motors, comprising:a rectifier circuit configured to rectify an AC voltage supplied from an AC power supply via a first switch to thereby obtain a DC voltage;
a capacitor configured to smooth the DC voltage obtained by the rectifier circuit;
a plurality of inverter units each including upper arm semiconductor switching elements configured to connect a positive-side terminal of the capacitor with motor coils of a corresponding one of the motors, and lower arm semiconductor switching elements configured to connect a negative-side terminal of the capacitor with the motor coils, the inverter units being configured to drive the motors by converting a capacitor voltage across the capacitor into an AC voltage by switching operation of the upper arm semiconductor switching elements and the lower arm semiconductor switching elements;
a second switch configured to connect one terminal of the positive-side terminal and the negative-side terminal of the capacitor to ground;
a first detector configured to detect a ground-referenced current flowing between the one terminal of the capacitor and the ground, or a ground-referenced voltage between the one terminal of the capacitor and the ground;
a second detector configured to detect the capacitor voltage across the capacitor;
a switch control unit configured to establish a measurement state for enabling measurement of an insulation resistance of a measurement target motor of the motors by turning off the upper arm semiconductor switching elements and the lower arm semiconductor switching elements of all the inverter units to thereby stop operation of every motor while turning off the first switch and turning on the second switch, then turning on a semiconductor switching element that is connected to another terminal of the capacitor, among the upper arm and lower arm semiconductor switching elements to which the motor coils of the measurement target motor are connected, and turning on a semiconductor switching element that is connected to the one terminal of the capacitor, among the upper arm and lower arm semiconductor switching elements to which the motor coils of each of the motors other than the measurement target motor are connected;
a convergence value estimator configured to estimate a convergence value of the ground-referenced current or the ground-referenced voltage, based on multiple measurements of the ground-referenced current or the ground-referenced voltage, detected by the first detector at different detection times from one another in the measurement state; and
an insulation resistance calculator configured to calculate the insulation resistance of the measurement target motor, based on the convergence value and the capacitor voltage,
wherein:
after estimating the convergence value, the convergence value estimator again estimates the convergence value, based on multiple measurements of the ground-referenced current or the ground-referenced voltage, detected by the first detector at multiple detection times, at least one of which is different from the multiple detection times for the previous estimation, continues to estimate the convergence value if a difference between the previous convergence value and the current convergence value is equal to or greater than a reference value, and terminates estimation of the convergence value if the difference is smaller than the reference value; and
the insulation resistance calculator calculates the insulation resistance after termination of estimating of the convergence value.

US Pat. No. 10,768,236

METHOD FOR DETECTING A ROTOR BAR FAULT

ABB Schweiz AG, Baden (C...

1. A method for detecting a rotor bar fault in a rotor of an electrical machine having a plurality of rotor bars and an end ring configured to short circuit the rotor bars, the method comprising the steps of:measuring a first temperature at a first end ring location, and measuring a second temperature at a second end ring location, the second end ring location being different from the first end ring location;
calculating a temperature difference between the first temperature and the second temperature;
calculating a temperature difference change between the temperature difference at a first time and the temperature difference at a second time; and
using the temperature difference, the temperature difference change, or both to determine that a rotor bar fault is present.

US Pat. No. 10,768,235

FAULTY LOAD DETECTION FOR MULTI-PHASE ELECTRIC MOTOR

Elmos Semiconductor Aktie...

1. A method for obtaining an indication of a faulty load condition of a multi-phase electric motor with electric commutation driven by an electric drive unit comprising for each motor phase of the multi-phase electric motor, a respective high-side switch and a respective low-side switch,wherein:during operation of the multi-phase electric motor, the respective high-side switch and the respective low-side switch of each of the motor phases are cyclically switched on and off according to a switching scheme comprising cyclically recurrent time points,
at the cyclically recurrent time points, for at least one of the motor phases, both the respective high-side switch and the respective low-side switch of the motor phase are switched to a respective high-ohmic state for a switch-off interval, and
in case of the faulty load condition, a current continues to flow for a recirculation time interval equal to an expectation value valid for a fault-free operation of the multi-phase electric motor,the method comprising:(a) starting, at a start of the switch-off interval, a time measurement unit,
(b) measuring the recirculation time interval for as long as the current that continues to flow has a sign-independent magnitude that remains larger than a predetermined threshold value,
(c) continuing, in case the recirculation time interval is not terminated during the switch-off interval, the time measurement at least in a next switch-off interval until the recirculation time interval is terminated,
(d) repeating, for additional switch-off intervals after a preceding high-side switch activation and/or after a preceding low-side switch activation of each motor phase, steps (a), (b), and (c) for the respective motor phase,
(e) comparing (1) the measured recirculation time intervals for respective motor phases with each other and/or (2) the measured recirculation time intervals respectively for one motor phase in sequential succession with each other and/or (3) the measured recirculation time intervals with the expectation value or the expectation value range for the respective motor phase, and
(f) determining, based on a deviation from the respective expectation value, the indication of the faulty load condition.

US Pat. No. 10,768,233

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR TESTING A TAP CHANGER OF A TRANSFORMER

Omicron Electronics GmbH,...

1. Method for testing a complete tap changer of a multi-phase transformer having a winding comprising a plurality of taps between which the tap changer can be switched, wherein a separate tap changer is present for each phase of the multi-phase transformer and each separate tap changer is designed to change a transmission ratio of the transformer, wherein the method comprises the following steps:generating a respective test signal for each phase of the multi-phase transformer which is supplied to the winding of the multi-phase transformer assigned to the respective phase and to the tap changer,
repeatedly actuating the tap changer to cause the tap changer to switch between each of the plurality of taps in order to change the transmission ratio with each actuation for testing the complete tap changer,
determining a curve of an electrical measurement variable of the multi-phase transformer over time for each switch of the tap changer between each of the plurality of taps depending on the test signal,
filtering the curves in order to prevent selected curves from switching of selected taps of the plurality of taps from being output, and
outputting the filtered curves representing testing of the complete tap changer.

US Pat. No. 10,768,232

ATE COMPATIBLE HIGH-EFFICIENT FUNCTIONAL TEST

International Business Ma...

1. A method, comprising:switching a device under test (DUT) to a functional test mode;
receiving, by the DUT, via a scan-in pin of a parallel scan design interface, a scan design pattern;
translating, by the DUT, the received scan design pattern into a first functional test, the first functional test having a first functional command, the received scan design pattern identifying of a part of the DUT to be tested by referencing an address register, and the received scan design pattern identifying data to be used by the first functional command as input by referencing a data register;
executing, by the DUT, the first functional test, wherein a state machine controls the execution of the first functional test; and
sending, by the DUT, via a scan-out pin of the parallel scan design interface, output data corresponding to the first functional test to an automatic test equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,768,231

DIAGNOSING FAILING SCAN CHAINS IN A SEMICONDUCTOR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

TESEDA CORPORATION, Port...

1. A system comprising:a fixture for receiving a semiconductor integrated circuit device under test (DUT), arranged to provide electrical connection to at least some pins of the DUT;
an IC tester hardware system arranged for connection to the fixture for testing a DUT while mounted in the fixture;
an analysis computer having a network interface for communications with the IC tester;
the analysis computer further including a data interface for communications with a datastore;
the analysis computer further including a user interface for communications with a user interface device;
a datastore operatively coupled to the data interface and storing data files comprising test setups and flush test patterns and reset test patterns for use by the analysis computer in controlling the IC tester;
a computer-readable medium (CRM) storing instructions executable on the analysis computer for operating the IC tester for testing the DUT;
the stored instructions, upon execution, operable to cause the analysis computer, utilizing the IC tester, to—
identify a scan chain in the DUT;
determine whether a shoot-through condition exists in the scan chain,
determine a number of shoot-through cells in the scan chain using at least one of a flush test pattern and a reset test pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,768,230

BUILT-IN DEVICE TESTING OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method comprising:loading an on-chip test flow and control testing program for execution by a microcontroller within a device under test;
causing the microcontroller within the device under test to execute the testing program, wherein the testing program is arranged to adjust one or more of any of the following parameters of the device under test: on-chip scan configuration, chip clock skew, voltage regulators, voltage pumps, level shifters, partial-good configurations, redundancy selections, OCCG (On Chip Clock Generators), PLLs (Phase Lock Loops), timing circuits, and elastic I/O DLLs (Chip Input/Output Driver & Receiver Delay Lock Loops;
receiving, by the microcontroller within the device under test, results from the testing program;
dynamically adjusting, by the microcontroller within the device under test, the testing program based on the results of the testing program, wherein dynamically adjusting the testing program comprises adjusting one or more of the following parameters of the device under test that are not accessible by external testers: on-chip scan configuration, chip clock skew, voltage regulators, voltage pumps, level shifters, partial-good configurations, redundancy selections, OCG (On Chip Clock Generators), PLLs (Phase Lock Loops), timing circuits, and elastic I/O DLLs (Chip Input/Output Driver & Receiver Delay Lock Loops) and wherein dynamically adjusting the testing program based on the results of the testing program comprises determining that a desired result was not achieved by the results of the testing program; and
causing the microcontroller within the device under test to execute the adjusted testing program.

US Pat. No. 10,768,228

COMMUNICATION CIRCUITRY INTEGRITY ASSESSMENT

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

1. An apparatus comprising:a microcontroller;
a transmitter configured and arranged to transmit signals from the microcontroller to signal lines of a bus; and
a receiver configured and arranged to receive signals communicated over signal lines of the bus and to provide the received signals to the microcontroller, the microcontroller being configured and arranged with the transmitter and the receiver to carry out a test protocol for assessing integrity of the bus or of circuitry connected to the bus, by:
transmitting an initial test bit sequence to a plurality of circuit nodes connected to the bus by providing a test voltage across the signal lines, the potential of the test voltage being less than an operating voltage potential at which the circuit nodes connected to the bus operate for communicating bits,
after transmitting the initial test bit sequence, sensing a state of the bus via the receiver, and
determining whether all of the circuit nodes received the initial test bit sequence, based on the sensed state of the bus and on a state that the bus is expected to be in after transmission of the initial test bit sequence.

US Pat. No. 10,768,227

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ANALYZING FAILURE RATES DUE TO SOFT/HARD ERRORS IN THE DESIGN OF A DIGITAL ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Mentor Graphics Corporati...

1. A method for analyzing failure rates due to soft/hard errors in the design of a digital electronic device, comprising:creating an error injection point by introducing a fault into a code path having a plurality of levels;
determining an error detection point at which the introduced fault becomes detectable;
creating a list of all of the logic cells forming the cone of logic that forms the data input to the error detection point, thereby generating a first logic cone list;
creating a list of all of the logic cells forming the cone of logic that forms the data input to the error injection point, thereby generating a second logic cone list;
determining the intersection between the first and second logic cone lists; and
conducting a failure rate analysis on the intersection between the first and second logic cone lists by:
creating, on a computational device, a list of the storage elements in the intersection, thereby generating a storage element list;
defining a storage element FIT counter;
for each storage element in the storage element list,
(a) reading the storage element,
(b) adding the FIT rate of the storage element to the storage element FIT counter,
(c) creating a list of all of the logic cells forming the cone of logic that forms the data input to the storage element, thereby generating a logic cone list,
(d) for each cell in the logic cone list associated with the storage element,
(i) reading the cell, and
(ii) if the cell is a pass-through cell, then adding the FIT rate to the storage element FIT counter, and otherwise adding ½ of the FIT rate to the storage element FIT counter,
(e) computing the clock ratio for the storage element,
(f) determining the product of the clock ratio and the storage element FIT counter, and
(g) adding the product to the storage element FIT counter; and
after all of the storage elements in the storage element list have been read, outputting the value of the storage element FIT counter as the failure rate of the design.

US Pat. No. 10,768,226

TESTING MECHANISM FOR A PROXIMITY FAIL PROBABILITY OF DEFECTS ACROSS INTEGRATED CHIPS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method for determining a status of circuitry within a chip by a testing mechanism, the method comprising:collecting, by the testing mechanism, fail signatures from portions of the circuitry within the chip to determine the status of the circuitry within a chip, where the fail signatures evidence lack of operability for the portions of the circuitry within the chip;
analyzing, by the testing mechanism, the fail signatures on a by-level basis to identify a high probability defect area within the chip by statistically determining by-level fail probabilities based on a plurality of signal types of the fail signatures, by associating confidence scores with the by-level fail probabilities, and by determining the chip to be a bad chip with respect to whether the by-level fail probabilities and the confidence scores indicate the status of the circuitry to be bad;
determining, by the testing mechanism, whether functionally needed circuitry of the chip intersects with the high probability defect area within the chip; and
determining, by the testing mechanism, the status of the circuitry in response to the determining of whether the functionally needed circuitry intersects with the high probability defect area.

US Pat. No. 10,768,223

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND MEMORY MODULE INCLUDING THE SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

SK hynix Inc., Icheon-si...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a plurality of chips configured to check parity bits of a plurality of pattern signals and store test result signals generated by the checking of the parity bits, and configured to output an error detection signal when an error is detected from any of the test result signals; and
a test pad configured to output the error detection signal received from the plurality of chips to an external part,
wherein the plurality of chips is commonly coupled to at least one connection line such that, when the error detection signal is output from at least one of the plurality of chips, the outputted error detection signal is output through the test pad,
wherein the plurality of pattern signals include a predetermined number of activated bits,
wherein each of the plurality of chips includes:
a buffer circuit configured to buffer a command, an address, at least one chip ID signal, and a chip selection signal, and configured to output the plurality of pattern signals in response to a test signal;
a parity check circuit configured to output the test result signals and the error detection signal by checking parity bits of the plurality of pattern signals;
a storage circuit configured to store the test result signals therein; and
a register configured to store an output signal of the storage circuit, and output stored test information to an external part during a read operation.

US Pat. No. 10,768,222

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DIRECT TESTING AND CHARACTERIZATION OF A THREE DIMENSIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY STRUCTURE

PDF SOLUTIONS, INC., San...

1. A method for testing a vertical memory structure disposed on a semiconductor substrate, the method comprising:creating, from a wafer containing a plurality of 3D memory devices, including at least one direct connect 3D memory device;
wherein some of the plurality of 3D memory devices include peripheral circuitry interconnects disposed over a first 3D memory structure comprising strings of memory cells arranged in an array and coupled between word lines and bit lines;
wherein the at least one direct connect 3D memory device has no peripheral circuitry interconnects, and is disposed over a second 3D memory structure constructed the same as the first 3D memory structure comprising the strings of memory cells arranged in the array and coupled between the word lines and the bit lines of the some of the plurality of 3D memory devices;
wherein the step of creating includes providing a testing interconnect structure including test pads over the second 3D memory structure of the at least one direct connect 3D memory device that allows direct electrical connections to the word lines and the bit lines associated therewith;
directly connecting a direct tester to predetermined ones of the test pads of the at least one direct connect 3D memory device; and
using the direct tester, applying a predetermined voltage to the at least one direct connect 3D memory device to test the electrical integrity of the second 3D memory structure of the at least one direct connect 3D memory device.

US Pat. No. 10,768,217

ELECTROMAGNETIC EFFECT TESTING

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method, comprising:subjecting an aircraft structure to an electromagnetic effect (EME) event comprising an artificial source of EME current;
detecting the EME event on the aircraft structure using EME current sensing devices provided on circuit boards fastened to the aircraft structure;
storing EME current values for a first period immediately preceding the EME event;
storing EME current values for a second period after the EME event has been detected; and
constructing a full current waveform for the EME current values stored during the first and second periods, wherein the full current waveform includes a rise time of current induced by the EME event.

US Pat. No. 10,768,216

TEST ARRANGEMENT AND TEST METHOD

1. A test arrangement for testing a device under test, the test arrangement comprising:a first antenna for emitting signals to the device under test or measuring signals emitted by the device under test to the first antenna,
a second antenna for emitting signals to the device under test or measuring signals emitted by the device under test to the second antenna,
a mechanical positioning structure that carries the device under test and controllably moves the device under test, and
measurement device for determining a first value of a physical parameter on a first communication link between the device under test and the first antenna, determining a second value of a physical parameter on a second communication link between the device under test and the second antenna, and for performing a measurement of the device under test based on the determined first value and the determined second value,
wherein the device under test is moved to a first position for determining the first value and the device under test is moved to a second position for determining the second value, and
wherein the first antenna is located in a far field distance of the device under test and the second antenna is located in a rear field distance of the device under test.

US Pat. No. 10,768,214

MULTI-VIEW PLANAR NEAR-FIELD SCATTERING TOMOGRAPHY SYSTEM

OZ Optics Limited, Ottaw...

1. A method of estimating the permittivity profile using data collected at observation points comprising the steps of:(a) measuring incident electric fields over the observation points in the absence of any scatterers;
(b) illuminating a scatterer from different angles;
(c) measuring total electric fields at the observation points for different angles in the presence of the scatterer for a full revolution;
(d) calculating a radiating volume equivalent current source (VECS), a radiating total internal electric field, and a radiating contrast factor of the scatterer for each incident angle;
(e) determining an expected contrast factor and localizing boundaries of the scatterer;
(f) estimating the permittivity profile of OUT; and
(g) determining the conductivity profile of OUT utilizing the following equation:
?r, ?0, ?, and ? are relative permittivity, free space permittivity, angular frequency, and conductivity respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,768,212

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING THEFT OF ELECTRICITY WITH INTEGRITY CHECKS ANALYSIS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A system for detecting electricity theft with an integrity checks analysis, the system comprising:a graphical user interface (GUI) configured to display information related to a flow of electricity within a power distribution system; and
a controller in communication with the GUI, the controller configured to:
receive electrical data taken by a plurality of electricity meters;
examine the electrical data of the plurality of electricity meters for electricity theft indicators;
determine a probability that electricity is being stolen at each of the plurality of electricity meters according to any electricity theft indicators affiliated therewith; and
output the probability at each electricity meter to the GUI for display.

US Pat. No. 10,768,211

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CURRENT SENSE RESISTOR COMPENSATION

Oracle International Corp...

1. A method for generating a current waveform, the method comprising:connecting a probe to a terminal of a circuit and a waveform measuring device;
acquiring, by the waveform measuring device through the probe, a voltage waveform;
generating a virtual probe netlist descriptive of a series resistance and associated parasitics;
converting, by a virtual probe processor based on the virtual probe netlist, the voltage waveform to the current waveform, wherein the current waveform is representative of a current in the circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,768,209

BATTERY ALARM FOR A HEARING AID, A HEARING AID AND A METHOD FOR THE USE IN A BATTERY ALARM

1. A method for operating a battery alarm of a hearing aid, said method comprising the steps ofpreventing said alarm from turning on during a predetermined warm-up time period after a power supply to said hearing aid is turned on,
subsequent to said predetermined warm-up time period:
a) counting the number of times a supply voltage for said hearing aid falls below a predetermined threshold value during a first predetermined time period,
b) setting a first alarm flag if said number reaches a first predetermined count value within said first predetermined time period, and setting a second alarm flag if said number of times reaches a second predetermined count value higher than said first predetermined count value within said first predetermined time period,
c) checking the states of said first and second alarm flags,
d) giving off an alarm if either of said first or second alarm flags is set,
e) suspending new alarms for a first predetermined delay time period if the alarm is given off in response to the setting of said first alarm flag, and
f) suspending new alarms for a second predetermined delay time period shorter than said first predetermined delay time period if the alarm is given off according to the setting of said second alarm flag.

US Pat. No. 10,768,208

CURRENT SENSOR

HITACHI METALS, LTD., To...

1. A current sensor, comprising:a bus bar through which a measured current is carried;
a pair of shielding plates that comprise a magnetic material, and are arranged to sandwich the bus bar in a thickness direction of the bus bar; and
a magnetic detection element that is arranged between the bus bar and a shielding plate of the shielding plates, and detects an intensity of magnetic field caused by the current carried through the bus bar,
wherein the shielding plate has a length of 20 mm or more in a length direction of the bus bar to maintain a current detection accuracy in the magnetic detection element, and a width in a range from 24 mm to 38 mm in a width direction orthogonal to the length direction to set a magnetic saturation ratio;
wherein the shielding plate has a thickness of 0.5 mm or more, wherein a current value of an electric current passing, through the bus bar is not less than 600 A, and
wherein a longitudinal direction of an extension of the bus bar is perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of an extension of the shielding plate,
wherein the magnetic detection element is arranged at a position that is opposite a center of the shielding plate in the length direction and the width direction.

US Pat. No. 10,768,206

LOOP-BACK PROBE TEST AND VERIFICATION METHOD

Integrated Technology Cor...

1. A method of using a loop-back test device to verify continuity between loop-back probes electrically connected to each other on a probe card, the loop-back test device including a first conductive region electrically connected to a substrate, a second conductive region electrically isolated from the substrate, the second conductive region spaced apart from the first conductive region such that when a first loop-back probe contacts the first conductive region a second loop-back probe contacts the second conductive region, the method comprising:placing the first loop-back probe in electrical contact with the first conductive region;
placing the second loop-back probe in electrical contact with the second conductive region;
placing a third probe of the probe card in electrical contact with the second conductive region, wherein on the probe card the third probe is electrically isolated from the first and second loop-back probes; and
measuring continuity between the substrate and the second conductive region via the first loop-back probe, the second loop-back probe and the third probe.

US Pat. No. 10,768,205

CONDUCTIVE TEST PROBE

Power Probe, Inc., Brea,...

1. A conductive probe, comprising:a probe body made from a material of relatively low electrical resistivity, comprised of a conductor;
a probe tip coupled with the probe body, the probe tip comprising a gold plating and featuring blunt or rounded terminal end;
the probe tip comprising a cylindrically shaped buried end and including a conical shape narrowing to a narrowed end, wherein the buried end of the probe tip comprises a buried end width that extends into an interior of the probe body, the buried end width ranging between 0.0001 to 0.005 inches;
a butted connection configured between the probe tip and probe body to define an axial path;
wherein the narrow end comprises a sharpened end terminating in a point and configured to make reliable contact with a circuit node;
a probe plug configured to couple the probe body with a circuit tester or a jumper using a threaded attachment;
wherein the probe body is configured to conduct an electrical current when engaged by a user using an actuating button, between the probe plug and the probe tip mounted to an end of probe body, resulting in lines of uniform current density at the probe tip, while retrieving and displaying measured electrical parameters; and
wherein the distance between a contact surface and the portion of the probe body nearest the contract surface is less than 0.250 inches.

US Pat. No. 10,768,204

ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENT DEVICES FOR A DEVICE UNDER TEST

Illinois Tool Works Inc.,...

1. An electrical measurement device comprising:a conductive cable comprising a plurality of conductive filaments on a first end and an electrical connector on a second end, the plurality of conductive filaments held in contact with a rotating element of a device under test during a measurement operation via a cable mount; and
a coupling to secure the plurality of conductive filaments to the cable, the coupling comprising a conductive coupling in contact with each of the plurality of conductive filaments and the conductive cable.

US Pat. No. 10,768,203

END EFFECTOR ATTACHMENT FOR TESTING ELECTRONIC TOUCHSCREEN DEVICE

Walmart Apollo, LLC, Ben...

1. An attachment for an end effector for use with testing a touchscreen electronic device, the attachment comprising:a body, wherein the body includes a first end and a second end, wherein the first end is opposite the second end, and wherein the body comprises:
a connection portion configured to secure the attachment to the end effector,
wherein the connection portion is located adjacent to the second end;
an opening, wherein the opening is located adjacent to the first end; and
a conductive contact member, wherein the conductive contact member is wrapped about the first end and through the opening, and wherein the conductive contact member is configured to contact the touchscreen during testing and simulate a touch of a human finger.

US Pat. No. 10,768,202

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR NANO-TRIBOLOGICAL MANUFACTURING OF NANOSTRUCTURES

THE TRUSTEES OF THE UNIVE...

1. A method of generating a nanostructure on a substrate, comprising:a. immersing the substrate and a probe tip in a liquid mixture comprising ink particles suspended in a medium;
b. sliding the probe tip along the substrate in a shape of a desired pattern of the nanostructure with a contact force;
c. compressing one or more of the ink particles underneath the probe tip onto the substrate with a pressure sufficient to transform the one or more of the ink particles into a tribological film onto the substrate, thereby generating the nanostructure.

US Pat. No. 10,768,201

SYSTEM FOR ESTIMATING AIRSPEED OF AN AIRCRAFT BASED ON A DRAG MODEL

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A system for estimating a plurality of airspeed parameters for constantly calculating an airspeed of an aircraft, the system comprising:one or more processors; and
a memory coupled to the one or more processors, the memory storing data comprising a database and program code that, when executed by the one or more processors, causes the system to:
receive a plurality of operating parameters that each represent an operating condition of the aircraft;
determine a stability-axis drag coefficient based on the plurality of operating parameters, wherein the stability-axis drag coefficient quantifies a stability-axis drag of the aircraft created during high speed conditions;
determine a body-axis lift coefficient based on the plurality of operating parameters, wherein the body-axis lift coefficient corresponds to a lift of the aircraft created along a vertical body-axis during low speed conditions;
determine the aircraft is operating at either the high speed conditions or the low speed conditions based on a flap position of a plurality of flaps of the aircraft and a value of an estimated Mach number;
in response to determining the aircraft is operating at the low speed conditions, estimate a dynamic pressure based on the body-axis lift coefficient;
in response to determining the aircraft is operating at the high speed conditions, estimate the dynamic pressure based on the stability-axis drag coefficient; and
estimate the plurality of airspeed parameters based on the dynamic pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,768,200

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MEASURING THE SPEED OF AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a display;
an accelerometer;
a communication unit;
at least one processor; and
a memory storing instructions executable by the at least one processor to cause the electronic device to:
pair the electronic device with an external device configured to receive global positioning satellite (GPS) information,
obtain, using the accelerometer, a first measurement associated with a movement of the electronic device over a first distance,
receive, from the external device using the communication unit, a second measurement, detected by the external device based on the GPS information, corresponding to the movement of the electronic device over the first distance while the electronic device is paired with the external device,
obtain, using the accelerometer, a third measurement associated with a movement of the electronic device over a second distance,
receive, from the external device using the communication unit, a fourth measurement, detected by the external device based on the GPS information, corresponding to the movement of the electronic device over the second distance while the electronic device is paired with the external device,
calculate a correction parameter based on the first measurement, the second measurement, the third measurement, and the fourth measurement, and
after the electronic device is unpaired with the external device, obtain, using the accelerometer, a fifth measurement associated with a movement of the electronic device over a third distance and display a sixth measurement associated with the movement of the electronic device over the third distance on the display,
wherein the sixth measurement, associated with the movement of the electronic device over the third distance, is generated by applying the correction parameter on the fifth measurement.

US Pat. No. 10,768,199

MEMS TRI-AXIAL ACCELEROMETER WITH ONE OR MORE DECOUPLING ELEMENTS

STMICROELECTRONICS S.r.l....

1. A device, comprising:a substrate;
a tri-axial accelerometer that includes:
an anchorage element fixed to the substrate;
a first mass coupled to the substrate, the first mass arranged in a horizontal plane defined by a first axis and a second axis that is transverse to the first axis;
a first window through the first mass, a thickness of the first mass extending along a third axis transverse to the first and second axis, the anchorage element being within the first window;
a first decoupling element in the first window and coupled to the first mass, the first decoupling element being a frame with a space in the frame;
a second decoupling element within the space; and
a plurality of first elastic elements in the first window, each of the plurality of first elastic elements coupled to the first decoupling element and the second decoupling element.

US Pat. No. 10,768,196

DETERMINE WEARING POSITION OF A WEARABLE DEVICE

Huami Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A method for determining a wearing position of a wearable device, comprising:receiving motion data from the wearable device associated with an individual, wherein the motion data comprises a first data segment associated with a first activity performed using both hands of the individual and a second data segment associated with a second activity, the second activity being associated with a dominant hand of the individual,
wherein the first data segment is indicative of first activities performed with both a dominant side and a non-dominant side of the individual at a same time, and
wherein the second data segment is indicative of second activities performed using only the dominant side of the individual;
determining first characteristic data associated with the first data segment and second characteristic data associated with the second data segment; and
determining, by a computing device, the wearing position of the wearable device associated with the individual based on the first characteristic data and a match between the second characteristic data and an activity signature associated with a time of day, wherein the wearing position indicates at least one of
whether the individual is wearing the wearable device on the dominant side or the non-dominant side of the individual,
whether the individual is wearing the wearable device on a left or a right side of the individual, or
whether the individual is left-handed or right-handed.

US Pat. No. 10,768,195

TWO-CHANNEL WHEEL SPEED SENSOR SYSTEM

DANA HEAVY VEHICLE SYSTEM...

1. A wheel speed sensor system for obtaining the speed of a wheel at each end of an axle, the system comprising:a. a differential mounted in a banjo-type axle housing, the differential having a gear set transferring rotary motion from an input shaft to left and right wheel axle shafts for driving a wheel mounted on an end of each of the left and right wheel axle shafts;
b. a first speed sensor assembly having a first slotted or toothed circular member and a first sensor positioned within a central cavity of the banjo-type axle housing, the first slotted or toothed circular member having equally spaced teeth or slots around an outer end of the first circular member and mounted to one of the rotating gears of the differential gear set for rotation therewith, the first sensor fixedly mounted at a position for sensing a passing of each of the teeth or slots of the first circular member and connected to a control unit for recording the passing of each of the teeth or slots over time;
c. a second speed sensor assembly having a second slotted or toothed circular member and second sensor positioned within the central cavity of the banjo-type axle housing, the second slotted or toothed circular member having equally spaced teeth or slots around an outer end of the second circular member and mounted to one of the left and right wheel axle shafts for rotation therewith, the second sensor fixedly mounted at position for sensing the passing of each of the teeth or slots of the second circular member and connected to the control unit for recording the passing of each of the teeth or slots over time;
d. the control unit using the passing of each of the teeth or slots of the first circular member over time to calculate a speed of rotation of the one of the rotating gears of the differential and the passing of each of the teeth or slots of the second circular member over time to calculate the speed of rotation of the one of the left and right wheel axle shafts; and
e. the control unit calculating the speed of rotation of the other of the left and right wheel axle shafts by multiplying the speed of rotation of the one of the rotating gears of the differential by two and subtracting the speed of rotation of one of the left and right wheel axle shafts; wherein the speed of rotation of the left and right wheel axle shafts corresponds or is equal to the speed of rotation of the respective wheel mounted thereon.

US Pat. No. 10,768,193

AUTOMATIC ANALYZER

HITACHI HIGH-TECH CORPORA...

1. An automatic analyzer, comprising:a sample probe configured to suck a specimen and discharge the specimen into a reaction vessel;
a reagent probe configured to suck a reagent and discharge the reagent into the reaction vessel;
a photometer configured to analyze a mixture of the specimen and the reagent in the reaction vessel;
a reagent disk configured to hold a reagent bottle storing the reagent;
a needle configured to form a cut in a lid of the reagent bottle;
a lid opening mechanism configured to drive the needle; and
a controller configured to control the lid opening mechanism,
wherein the needle comprises: a piercing portion including a plurality of blades for forming the cut in the lid of the reagent bottle and a cylindrical expansion portion configured to push into and open the cut,
wherein the plurality of blades are disposed at vertices of a regular polygon as viewed from a distal end of the piercing portion,
wherein the cylindrical expansion portion has a diameter smaller than a maximum diameter of a circumscribed circle passing through all vertices of the regular polygon of the plurality of blades of the piercing portion and has the diameter that is equal to or larger than a maximum diameter of the reagent probe within a range within which the reagent probe is inserted into the reagent bottle before the reagent probe sucks the reagent,
wherein the cylindrical expansion portion includes a stepped portion,
wherein the piercing portion includes a tapered portion extending from a vertex of the regular polygon of a blade of the plurality of blades toward the stepped portion of the cylindrical expansion portion,
wherein an axial length of the cylindrical expansion portion is greater than an axial length of the piercing portion, and
wherein the controller is programmed to control the lid opening mechanism so that the needle is inserted to the expansion portion after the cut is formed in the lid of the reagent bottle by the piercing portion.

US Pat. No. 10,768,192

DEVICE AND METHOD TO SAMPLE LIQUIDS WITH HIGH-PRECISION IN AN AUTOMATED SAMPLE ANALYZER

DIATRON MI ZRT., Budapes...

1. A sampling unit (100) to dispense a precise volume of liquid sample from a sample container (50) in an automated analytical instrument, the sampling unit comprising:at least one pump unit;
at least one drive unit;
a control unit operably connected to control the at least one pump unit and the at least one drive unit;
an elongated hollow sampling member (10) comprising a first end including a sampling tip (12) and a second end (14), where in the sample member extends along a longitudinal axis between the first and second ends, and the second an end (14) is connected to a pump unit of the at least one unit;
wherein the sampling member (10) is adapted to move between a first position and a second position via operation of a drive unit of the at least one drive unit, and the sampling tip (12) is adapted to be filled, in said first position, with liquid sample from the sample container through aspiration by one pump unit of the at least one pump unit; and
a liquid-sampling valve (20) fluidically connected to the at least one pump unit and the sampling member, the liquid-sampling valve having a valve body comprising a flow structure including an inlet and an outlet, said flow structure including an aliquoting chamber (18) having a volume fluidically connectable to the inlet and outlet, the liquid-sampling valve (20) being selectively operable in either of both:
(i) a first valve position in which the flow structure is adapted to be loaded with liquid sample through the inlet, said liquid sample is provided directly from the sampling tip (12) in the second position of the sampling member (10), and
(ii) a second valve position in which the flow structure is adapted to dispense the volume of liquid sample through the outlet,
wherein said aliquoting chamber (18) is configured to provide the volume of liquid sample via segmenting the liquid sample loaded into the flow structure in the first valve position;
wherein the sampling tip (12) is adapted to discharge, in said second position of the sampling member, liquid sample through expelling by one pump unit of the at least one pump unit; and
wherein the liquid-sampling valve (20) further defines, in the first second valve position, a guiding channel extending through the valve body in parallel with the longitudinal axis of said sampling member, said guiding channel configured to allow movement of the sampling member (10) between said first and second positions of the sampling member through the valve body, and
wherein in the first valve position, the inlet is located within a same volume portion of the valve body that is occupied by the guiding channel in the second valve position and the inlet is located at a position shifted away from a central axis of the guiding channel.

US Pat. No. 10,768,191

DEVICE FOR ROTATING OBJECT

HORIBA, Ltd., Kyoto-shi,...

1. An apparatus for rotating an object, comprising:a driving unit comprising a driving shaft and a driving source device for rotating the driving shaft in two way directions of a first direction and a second direction, the driving shaft comprising a drive-side roller for transmitting a rotational motion to the object upon contact with the object, the driving shaft including a one-directional transmission device, the one-directional transmission device comprising a driving-side part and a driven-side part, the driving shaft being fixed to the driving-side part or integrated with the driving-side part, and the one-directional transmission device comprising a mechanism for transmitting only a rotational driving force in the first direction of the driving shaft to the driven-side part;
a supporting member supporting the driving unit or a driven unit;
a propulsive force applying device configured to apply a forward directional force to the driving unit or the driven unit; and
a mechanism for converting the rotational driving force in the first direction to be transmitted to the driven-side part of the one-directional transmission device and moving the driving unit in a direction away from the object, or a mechanism for converting the rotational driving force in the first direction to be transmitted to the driven-side part of the one-directional transmission device and moving the driven unit in a direction away from the object, wherein
the driven unit comprises a driven-side member gripping the object rotatably in cooperation with the drive-side roller, and
the drive-side roller is rotated to transmit rotational motion to the object by the rotational driving force in the second direction of the driving shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,768,190

DYNAMICALLY CONTROLLING AN AUTOMATED SYSTEM

LONZA LIMITED, Visp (CH)...

1. A system for dynamic automation, the system comprising:a robotic apparatus having a robot and a robot deck;
at least one computing device for executing stored instructions to:
receive a first map template of a first microplate used for a first assay,
dynamically generate a plurality of robotic commands based on the received first map template, and
send the generated plurality of robotic commands to the robot of the robotic apparatus for performing the dynamic automation,
wherein the at least one computing device dynamically determines deck layout information for the robot deck based on the first map template, the robot deck having one or more stations for conducting the first assay associated with the first microplate of the first map template.

US Pat. No. 10,768,189

AUTOMATIC ANALYSIS APPARATUS

HITACHI HIGH-TECH CORPORA...

1. An electrochemical automatic analyzer to measure a component bound to magnetic particles in a measurement liquid, the electrochemical automatic analyzer comprising:a first container which holds the measurement liquid;
a measurement solvent supply bottle which holds a measurement solvent;
a detector including a channel, one or more counter electrodes made of platinum, a working electrode in which platinum or gold occupies 50% or more of an elemental composition of a surface thereof, a reference electrode made of silver-silver chloride, and a magnet configured to apply a magnetic field;
a nozzle and a syringe connected to the channel of the detector and configured to introduce the measurement liquid from the first container and the measurement solvent from the measurement solvent supply bottle into the detector;
an inert gas container which holds an inert gas, an introduction channel connected between the inert gas container and the measurement solvent supply bottle and a supply valve which are configured to supply the inert gas into the measurement solvent in the measurement solvent supply bottle and degas a gas from the measurement solvent in the measurement supply bottle;
a dissolved oxygen analyzer in the channel of the detector to measure a degassed state of the measurement solvent;
a power supply; and
a controller programmed to:
control the nozzle and the syringe to introduce the measurement liquid into the channel of the detector and control the magnet to trap the magnetic particles on the working electrode;
control the supply valve to supply the inert gas into the measurement solvent while controlling the nozzle and the syringe to introduce the measurement solvent into the channel of the detector;
control the power supply to apply a voltage between the working electrode and the reference electrode and control the power supply to apply a predetermined voltage between the working electrode and the counter electrodes to detect a current corresponding to a concentration of the component in a state in which the measurement solvent is introduced into the channel of the detector,
wherein the component is a chemical substance that is oxidized by applying a voltage of +1.2 V or more between the working electrode and the reference electrode, and
wherein a measurement alarm is output when dissolved oxygen measured by the dissolved oxygen analyzer exceeds a predetermined amount.

US Pat. No. 10,768,187

AUTOMATIC ANALYSIS DEVICE AND SPECIMEN INSPECTION AUTOMATION SYSTEM

HITACHI HIGH-TECH CORPORA...

1. An automatic analysis device comprising:a measurement processing unit which includes a detector configured to measure a concentration of a biological component contained in a specimen;
a first processor programmed to control the measurement processing unit;
a database which stores consideration information about the specimen, the consideration information including one or more of information about a necessity of re-inspection of the specimen, information about an existence of an uninspected item of the specimen, or information about an existence of a request for additional inspection of the specimen;
one or more holders configured to hold a specimen container accommodating the specimen, wherein each of the one or more holders has a label;
a smart device which includes a display screen, a camera and a second processor,
wherein the second processor is programmed to:
control the camera to capture a first image including a first holder on which the specimen container that accommodates the specimen therein is installed,
display the image on the display screen,
recognize the label on the first holder in the first image,
communicate information about the specimen container that accommodates the specimen in the first holder in the first image,
determine whether a mark is to be given to the specimen container in the first image based on the consideration information stored in the database,
in response to determining that the mark is to be given, add the mark to overlap the specimen container in the first image and update the display thereof on the display screen,
recognize one or more fingers in the first image,
determine whether the one or more fingers in the first image is performing a first predetermined operation or a second predetermined operation to the specimen container having the added mark in the first image,
in response to determining that the one or more fingers is performing the first predetermined operation, display details of the consideration information in proximity to the added mark in the first image on the display screen, and
in response to determining that the one or more fingers is performing the second predetermined operation, send the consideration information to a laboratory information system or a hospital information system.

US Pat. No. 10,768,186

INSPECTION DEVICE

Hitachi High-Tech Corpora...

1. An inspection device comprising:a housing having an external shape that can be detachably held by a conveyance body that is capable of holding a test tube and conveying the test tube over a conveyance belt;
a sensor that is provided in the housing and detects a state in a device during the conveyance;
a storage unit that stores output data from the sensor;
a transmission unit that transmits data in the storage unit to an outside;
a power supply unit that supplies power to the sensor, the storage unit, and the transmission unit; and
a power receiving unit that receives power from a power transmitting unit installed outside the inspection device and supplies power to the power supply unit.

US Pat. No. 10,768,185

TENOFOVIR DETECTION ASSAY

TRUSTEES OF BOSTON UNIVER...

1. A polyclonal antibody composition comprising a heterogeneous population of mammalian antibodies that specifically bind tenofovir (TFV) and a conjugate of TFV-SH and sulfosuccinimidyl 4-(N-maleimidomethyl)cyclohexane-1-carboxylate (sulfo-SMCC) modified bovine serum albumin (BSA),wherein the heterogeneous population of mammalian antibodies is generated against

wherein R is keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH).

US Pat. No. 10,768,181

DETECTION OF AN ANTIBODY AGAINST A PATHOGEN

1. A method for detecting the presence of an antibody against a pathogen in a subject, the method comprising:(a) contacting a reaction sample comprising a recombinant phage display library with a biological sample comprising antibodies, wherein the phage display library comprises a plurality of peptides derived from at least three unique pathogens
wherein the phage display library is constructed using a synthetic, programmable microarray from a starting library that is uniformly distributed and
(b) lysing the phage display library and amplifying DNA therefrom,
(c) detecting at least one antibody bound to at least one peptide expressed by the phage display library, thereby detecting the presence of an antibody against the at least one pathogen peptide in the biological sample.

US Pat. No. 10,768,177

BACTERIOPHAGE-BASED ELECTROCHEMICAL BIOSENSOR

The United States of Amer...

1. A biosensor, comprising:a capture element comprising a substrate, a surface of the substrate being functionalized with at least one capturing bacteriophage; and
a detection element comprising at least one detection bacteriophage conjugated to a signal amplification element,
wherein the capturing bacteriophage and the detection bacteriophage are configured to bind to the same strain or species of a target bacterium, and
wherein the substrate is one of a printed electrode, a printed circuit board, a silicon-based board, a carbon-based board, or a glass substrate with metal interdigitated electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,768,175

PLASMONIC DEVICE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A PLASMONIC DEVICE AND METHOD OF ANALYSIS USING A PLASMONIC DEVICE

The Univ. Court of the Un...

1. A plasmonic device comprising:a base substrate formed from a polymer material, and
an electrically conductive film formed on the base substrate;
wherein the base substrate has;
a reference upper surface; and
an arrangement of chiral nanostructures formed in relief from the reference upper surface;
each chiral nanostructure having a nanostructure upper surface which is disposed at a distance of at least 30 nm from the reference upper surface in a thickness direction, wherein the chiral nanostructures formed in relief are formed as one of;
(i) indentations in the reference upper surface, with the nanostructure upper surface recessed from the reference upper surface; and
(ii) protrusions from the reference upper surface, with the nanostructure upper surface protruding from the reference upper surface; and
wherein the electrically conductive film is formed continuously on the nanostructure upper surface of each chiral nanostructure and on at least part of the reference upper surface of the base substrate with part of the electrically conductive film forming an electrical connection between the electrically conductive film on the nanostructure upper surface and the electrically conductive film on the said at least part of the reference upper surface.

US Pat. No. 10,768,174

ATTACHMENT OF PROTEINS TO INTERFACES FOR USE IN NONLINEAR OPTICAL DETECTION

BLUELIGHT THERAPEUTICS, I...

1. A method comprising:a) forming a supported lipid bilayer on a surface of a substrate, wherein the supported lipid bilayer comprises an anchor molecule that comprises or bears a first affinity tag that is present in the lipid bilayer at a concentration greater than or equal to 10 mole percent;
b) contacting the supported lipid bilayer with a protein at a concentration of less than 2 ?M, wherein the protein comprises a second harmonic-active label, a second affinity tag capable of binding to the first affinity tag, and optionally a linker molecule positioned between the protein and the second affinity tag, thereby tethering the protein to the supported lipid bilayer in an oriented fashion while using less than 500 ng of the protein, wherein the tethered protein is tethered at a surface density of about 1×1012 molecules per cm2; and
c) detecting an optical signal arising from the tethered protein before and after contacting the tethered protein with a ligand, wherein the optical signal is second harmonic light, and wherein a change in the optical signal detected before and after contacting the tethered protein with the ligand indicates that the protein has undergone a conformational change.

US Pat. No. 10,768,171

DISPOSABLE TEST KIT

CELL ID PTE LTD, Singapo...

1. A disposable test kit comprising:a base sheet;
a sealing sheet having at least one sealed sample collection opening before use of the test kit;
at least one test strip sealed between the base sheet and the sealing sheet before use of the test kit; and
at least one top sheet layered over the sealing sheet before use of the test kit to keep the at least one sample collection opening sealed, the at least one top sheet is at least partially detachable from the sealing sheet to open the at least one sample collection opening and expose a sample collection portion of the at least one test strip for receiving a fluid analyte thereon during use of the test kit.

US Pat. No. 10,768,166

DIAGNOSTICS SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Hemex Health, Inc., Port...

1. A point-of-care diagnostics system, comprising:a cartridge having:
a blood sample chamber structured to receive and store a patient blood sample,
a dilutant chamber structured to store a pre-loaded dilutant, and
a barrier separating the blood sample and dilutant chambers, the barrier is structured to, upon actuation, automatically release the dilutant to be mixed with the patient blood sample to form a diluted sample within the cartridge;
a reader having:
a cartridge receptacle shaped to receive the cartridge;
a magnetic field source structured to apply either a high magnetic field or a low magnetic field to at least the blood sample chamber of the cartridge when the cartridge is received within the cartridge receptacle;
a light source positioned to selectively transmit light through the diluted sample when the cartridge is received in the cartridge receptacle;
a light detector positioned to sense one or more characteristics of the light transmitted through the diluted sample and to generate light detection data based, at least in part, on the sensed one or more characteristics of the light transmitted through the blood sample;
a processor electrically coupled to the light detector and programmed to:
cause the light detector to sense the one or more characteristics of the light transmitted through the diluted sample and to generate the light detection data at a first time when the high magnetic field is applied or the low magnetic field is applied to the blood sample chamber of the cartridge;
after the light detection data is generated at the first time, cause the magnetic field source to apply the high magnetic field or the low magnetic field, whichever was not applied at the first time, to the blood sample chamber;
cause the light detector to sense the one or more characteristics of the light transmitted through the diluted sample and to generate the light detection data at a second time when the high magnetic field or the low magnetic field is applied, whichever was not applied at the first time;
determine a difference in a value of the light detection data between the first time and the second time;
receive the difference in the value of the light detection data;
analyze the received difference in the value of the light detection data to identify whether at least one compound that is sensitive to the applied magnetic field is present in the diluted sample;
generate interpretative data that indicates presence of the compound in the diluted sample based, at least in part, on the difference in the value of the analyzed light detection data; and
output the interpretative data.

US Pat. No. 10,768,165

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MEASURING WATER AND LIPID CONTENT IN TISSUE SAMPLES

TRUSTEES OF BOSTON UNIVER...

1. A method for measuring blood lipid content in a blood vessel in a tissue sample, the method comprising:generating, using a light source and a spatial modulation device, a first plurality of patterns at a first spatial frequency on a plane of a tissue sample of a subject and a second plurality of patterns at a second spatial frequency on the plane of the tissue sample for a first wavelength of light from a plurality of sequential wavelengths of light, the light source being configured to emit the plurality of sequential wavelengths of light within a predetermined range of wavelengths;
obtaining, using an imaging device, (i) first image data reproducible as images of the first plurality of patterns at the first spatial frequency for the first wavelength of light and (ii) second image data reproducible as images of the second plurality of patterns at the second spatial frequency for the first wavelength of light;
generating, using a controller, a first demodulated image for the first wavelength of light based on the first image data;
determining, using the controller, a first diffuse reflectance value for each of a plurality of locations on the plane of the tissue sample at the first wavelength of light based on the first demodulated image;
generating, using the controller, a second demodulated image for the first wavelength of light based on the second image data;
determining, using the controller, a second diffuse reflectance value for each of the plurality of locations on the plane on the tissue sample for the first wavelength of light based on the second demodulated image;
determining, using the controller, based on the first diffuse reflectance value and the second diffuse reflectance value, (i) a first optical property and (ii) a second optical property for each of the plurality of locations on the plane of the tissue sample for the first wavelength of light;
determining a molar concentration for a plurality of chromophores based on the first optical property and the second optical property, the plurality of chromophores including a lipid, oxy-hemoglobin, and de-oxy hemoglobin;
identifying a blood vessel in the tissue sample based at least in part on the determined first optical property, the determined second optical property, or both at each of the plurality of locations on the plane of the tissue sample; and
determining a blood lipid content in the identified blood vessel in the tissue sample based on the molar concentration of the plurality of chromophores.

US Pat. No. 10,768,164

METHOD FOR FAST DETECTING PAVEMENT ASPHALT AND EARLY WARNING BASED ON INFRARED SPECTRUM BIG DATA

1. A method for fast detecting a source of a pavement asphalt sample, the method comprising:collecting, using a Fourier infrared spectrometer, an infrared spectrum data of the asphalt sample;
providing, using at least one processor, the collected infrared spectrum data of the asphalt sample to a cloud server, the at least one processor being communicatively coupled to the Fourier infrared spectrometer and the cloud server;
receiving and storing, using a spectrum input module of the cloud server, the collected infrared spectrum data of the asphalt sample at the cloud server;
selecting, using a spectrum-matching analysis module of the cloud server, a database-matching calculation method to be executed by the cloud server and a standard peak sensitivity threshold value for detecting the source of the asphalt sample;
querying, using the cloud server, spectrogram asphalt sample data stored in an infrared spectrum database based on the selected standard peak sensitivity threshold value, the infrared spectrum database being communicatively coupled with the cloud server;
comparing, by the cloud server executing the selected database-matching calculation method, the collected infrared spectrum data and the spectrogram asphalt sample data stored in the infrared spectrum database;
displaying, based on the comparing and upon determination of a match between the collected infrared spectrum data and one or more spectrogram asphalt sample data, an identification of the source of the collected asphalt sample on a display terminal; and
transmitting, by the cloud server, based on the comparing and upon determination of an absence of a match between the collected infrared spectrum data and one or more spectrogram asphalt sample data, an early-warning message to the display terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,768,163

METHOD FOR MEASURING INSIDE A BLANKET OF MINERAL OR PLANT FIBRES

SAINT-GOBAIN ISOVER, Cou...

1. A method for measuring inside a blanket of mineral and/or plant fibres being moved by at least one conveyor with a conveyor belt, the method comprising:using a measuring system comprising a sensor and an actuator for introducing the sensor into the blanket, the actuator being mounted on the conveyor belt and configured to be able to move the sensor between a retracted position and a measuring position inside the blanket; and
introducing the sensor into the blanket by the actuator under the effect of the movement of the conveyor belt,
wherein the conveyor belt on which the actuator is mounted is a first conveyor belt, the conveyor includes a second conveyor belt, and an arm in contact with the second conveyor belt adjusts a depth of the measuring position when the sensor is in the measuring position.

US Pat. No. 10,768,162

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PRODUCING AGRICULTURAL PRESCRIPTIONS

Airscout Inc., Lowell, I...

1. A method comprising:obtaining and recording a series of aerial thermal images and a series of aerial visual spectrum images of a field at different times over a period of time during a growing season of a crop growing in the field, at least first and second aerial thermal images of the series of aerial thermal images and at least first and second aerial visual spectrum images of the series of aerial visual spectrum images being obtained at first and second stages of the growing season, respectively; and
analyzing and comparing the first aerial thermal image and the first aerial visual spectrum image and analyzing and comparing the second aerial thermal image and the second aerial visual spectrum image to perform at least one of:
determine nitrogen mineralization rates for the field;
monitor water infiltration rates and soil hydrology of the field by obtaining the series of aerial thermal images and the series of aerial visual spectrum images prior to, during, and after rain events;
determine location placement of soil probes to determine nitrogen mineralization in the field, uptake of nitrogen by plants in the field, available nitrogen in the field, and nitrogen required by the plants during growth; and
determine locations for soil testing to determine nitrogen mineralization in the field, uptake of nitrogen by plants in the field, available nitrogen in the field, and nitrogen required by the plants during growth.

US Pat. No. 10,768,161

METHOD FOR ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT OF HEAVY METAL IN RIVER BASIN SEDIMENT BASED ON TOXICITY EFFECT

CHINESE RESEARCH ACADEMY ...

1. A method for ecological risk assessment of heavy metals in river basin sediment based on toxicity effect, the method comprises the following steps:(1) screening the main aquatic species of the assessed river basin environment according to the breadth and quantity of biodistribution;
(2) sampling sediments within the assessed basin area, determining the types of heavy metals to be detected and numbering them: when there are n kinds of heavy metals to be detected, these heavy metals are numbered 1, 2, . . . , n?1, n, wherein 1?n?45;
(3) measuring the concentration of the ith heavy metal of each sediment sample one by one, and calculating the average concentration c0?1i of the ith heavy metal, and calculating the pollution coefficient cfi of the ith heavy metal one by one according to the formula cfi=(c0?1i)/(cni), wherein, cni is the reference value of the ith heavy metal content in uncontaminated sediments;
(4) collecting the release coefficient csi of the ith heavy metal;
(5) collecting the chronic toxicity data of the ith heavy metal on aquatic species selected in step (1), performing curve fitting on the collected data, and selecting the curve regression equation with the highest goodness of fit, so as to obtain the best equation for the sensitivity of the ith heavy metal;
(6) drawing a fitting curve (SSD) according to the best fitting equation obtained in step (5), and setting the y value of this equation, that is, the cumulative probability to 0.05, and then calculating the corresponding x value, which is the toxic concentration HCsi of the ith heavy metal that protects 95% of aquatic organisms;
(7) repeating steps (4) to (6) n times to obtain the release coefficient csi and toxic concentration HCsi of each heavy metal determined in step (2), and integrating and normalizing the release coefficient csi and toxic concentration HCsi of each heavy metal to obtain the toxicity coefficient Si of the ith heavy metal;
(8) calculating the toxicity response coefficient Tri of the ith heavy metal according to the formula Tri=Si*(5/BPI)X one by one, where BPI is the biological yield index of the water body evaluated and the value of x is 1, ½ or 0;
(9) calculating the ecological risk index Eri of the ith heavy metal according to the formula Eri=Tri*cfi one by one, and the resulting Erl is used to evaluate the ecological risk of a single metal to the river basin: when Eri<30, the ecological hazard of the ith heavy metal to the assessed river basin is slight, when 30240, the ecological hazard of the ith heavy metal to the assessed river basin is extremely strong.

US Pat. No. 10,768,160

ARTIFICIAL GUT SIMULATOR AND METHOD

Regents of the University...

1. An artificial gut simulator, comprising:a test sample dissolution container;
a stirring device within the test sample dissolution container;
a conduit passing through the test sample dissolution container, the conduit including a semi-permeable membrane adapted to allow the transport of a selected test sample component through the semi-permeable membrane, while excluding other components from within the test sample dissolution container;
a pump to drive an amount of medium through the conduit over time; and
a detector to quantify an amount of the selected test sample component over time that has passed from the test sample dissolution container, through the semi-permeable membrane, and into the medium.

US Pat. No. 10,768,159

METHOD FOR TRACING WINE ORIGIN BASED ON MULTIELEMENTS AND STABLE ISOTOPES

FOOD INSPECTION CENTER OF...

1. A method for tracing wine origin based on multielements and stable isotopes, characterized by comprising steps of:1) sample collection: collecting wine samples from a plurality of origins;
2) sample pre-processing: filtering each of the wine samples collected in Step 1) using a pore size of 0.22 ?m aqueous filter membrane, and pouring 1.5 ml of a filtrate into an autosampler vial for carbon stable isotope ratio analysis of ethanol and glycerol; pouring 0.3 ml of the wine sample into a 12 ml glass tube with a stopper for analyzing oxygen stable isotopes in water; and pouring 0.5 ml of the wine sample into a 15 ml centrifuge tube, and adding 0.5 ml of concentrated HNO3, performing digestion overnight, and diluting to a constant volume of 10 ml to be tested;
3) sample analysis: performing carbon stable isotope analysis, oxygen stable isotope ratio analysis and elemental analysis, respectively;
4) statistical modeling: utilizing information of the origins of the wine samples and analytical data of Step 3) to perform statistical modeling to obtain a origin discrimination model coefficient matrix and a corresponding predicted accuracy rate of the origin discrimination; and
5) sample testing: performing origin discrimination by using an unknown sample in the model, and ultimately determining attributes of the origin.

US Pat. No. 10,768,158

ELECTROCHEMICAL DETECTOR

City University of Hong K...

1. An electrochemical detector comprising:a substance selection layer disposed on a semiconductor layer;
a substrate including an insulating material, the substrate disposed under the semiconductor layer such that the substrate is opposite the substance selection layer with respect to the semiconductor layer; and
only two electrodes, each disposed on or above the substance selection layer thereby forming a two-terminal device;
wherein the substance selection layer includes a polymer layer functionalized with dioxaborinane and crown ether groups for accommodating at least one molecule of a target substance so as to alter an electrical characteristic of the semiconductor layer, and wherein the insulating material includes at least one of polymer, glass and ceramic.

US Pat. No. 10,768,156

YIELD ANALYSIS THROUGH AGRONOMIC ANALYTICS

1. One or more non-transitory computer-readable media storing computer-executable instructions for:receiving a yield analysis request for a crop type;
based on aggregated crop data, determining, for the crop type, a yield impact of one or more yield factors, wherein:
the one or more yield factors comprises seed variety,
the aggregated crop data is based on planting data and harvest data for a plurality of farm fields, wherein at least some of the planting data and harvest data are acquired using sensors mounted to farming machinery, and
the aggregated crop data is determined in part by associating planting data and harvest data for respective farm fields of the plurality of farm fields, wherein the planting data and the harvest data for respective farm fields are associated by:
determining locations of a plurality of harvest points; and
for the respective harvest points:
identifying one or more planting points that are within a distance threshold from the harvest point;
creating combined planting data for the one or more planting points within the distance threshold, wherein creating the combined planting data comprises determining a weighted average of at least some planting data for the one or more planting points based on a distance of the respective planting points from the harvest point; and
associating the combined planting data with the harvest point; and
providing a yield analysis for the crop type, the yield analysis based on the yield impact of the one or more yield factors; and
providing a seed variety recommendation.

US Pat. No. 10,768,155

MULTIMODAL ANALYTE SENSOR NETWORK

International Business Ma...

1. A system for detecting an analyte in a detection region, the system comprising:an analyte sensor array comprising at least one first node and a plurality of second nodes distributed throughout the detection region,
wherein the at least one first node comprises an optical sensor, and wherein each node of the plurality of second nodes comprises a chemiresistive sensor;
an environmental conditions measuring device comprising at least one of a thermometer, a barometer, a hygrometer, or an anemometer;
a local gateway configured to communicate with a remote gateway;
a computing device comprising one or more processors, computer-readable storage media, and program instructions stored on the computer-readable storage media for execution by the processor, the program instructions comprising instructions to:
operate in a first mode comprising instructions to:
detect the analyte with the analyte sensor array established within the detection region,
wherein the instructions to detect the analyte comprise instructions to identify an electrical signal generated by an electrochemical reaction of the analyte with a first analyte sensor or a second analyte sensor;
in response to the electrical signal exceeding a first threshold value, operate in a second mode comprising instructions to:
request data associated with one or more environmental conditions of the detection region;
determine an analyte concentration based on the one or more environmental conditions; and
transmit, by the local gateway, data associated with the analyte concentration in response to the analyte concentration exceeding a second threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,768,154

RATIOMETRIC QUANTUM DOT-RHODAMINE B SENSING COMPOUND AND DEVICE MADE FROM THE COMPOUND

Colgate-Palmolive Company...

1. A sensor, comprising:a support matrix; and
a sensing agent embedded in the support matrix, the sensing agent comprising:
a quantum dot; and
a dye moiety coupled to the quantum dot,
wherein the sensing agent is capable of sensing at least one analyte chosen from hydrogen sulfide by FRET modulation between the quantum dot and the dye moiety, and wherein the sensing agent has the formula
QD?X2—R2—S—S—R1—X1—Y)n
wherein:
QD is the quantum dot,
Y is the dye moiety,
wherein the dye moiety is a rhodamine group selected from one of:

where the dotted bond shows the position of attachment to the coupling moiety;
R1 and R2 organic bridging groups that will, in combination with the associated linkages X1 and X2 and disulfide bond (—S—S—), provide a distance between the dye and the QD that is from about 0.1 nm to about 10 nm, and
X1 and X2 are linkages that respectively function to attach the R1 group to the dye and R2 group to the quantum dot;
n is the number of coupling-dye groups attached to the QD;
wherein R1 and R2 are alkyl bridges and X1 and X2 are amide linkages; and
wherein the sensor has a detection limit for bisulfide, in water, of less than 2 ?M at a sensor concentration of 3.4×10?9 M as determined by the boot strap method, where the conjugated dye:QD ratio is 1.3:1.

US Pat. No. 10,768,153

GAS SENSING DEVICE HAVING DISTRIBUTED GAS SENSING ELEMENTS AND A METHOD FOR SENSING GAS

TODOS TECHNOLOGIES LTD., ...

1. A gas sensing device, comprising gas sensing elements that comprise gas reactive elements, each gas reactive element has a gas dependent temperature parameter; and semiconductor temperature sensing elements, each semiconductor sensing element is configured to sense radiation emitted from one of the gas reactive elements and generate detection signals that are responsive to a temperature of the one of the gas reactive elements; wherein the gas reactive elements and the semiconductor temperature sensing elements are of microscopic scale; wherein the gas reactive elements and the semiconductor temperature sensing elements are spaced apart from each other;wherein a gas sensing element of the gas sensing elements comprises a gas reactive element and a semiconductor sensing element that is thermally coupled to the gas reactive element;
wherein at least two gas sensing elements are configured to sense different gases; and
wherein at least one of the following is true:
(a) the gas sensing elements comprise a first plurality (N) of gas sensing elements that are configured, at a certain point in time, to differ from each other by their response to gases; wherein the gas sensing device is configured to detect a composition of up till N different gaseous materials by processing the detection signals from semiconductor temperature sensing elements thermally coupled to the N gas sensing elements;
(b) at least one gas reactive element of the gas reactive elements is thermally coupled to a heating element of the gas sensing device, the heating element is configured to heat the at least one gas reactive element to multiple predefined temperatures that are associated with a sensing of multiple gases that differ from each other; wherein the heating element is configured to heat the at least one gas reactive element, at different points in time, to different predefined temperatures of the multiple predefined temperatures;
(c) the at least one gas reactive element is thermally coupled to the heating element, the heating device is configured to heat, in a non-continuous manner, the at least one gas reactive element to at least one predefined temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,768,152

DETERMINING THE PARTIAL PRESSURE OF A GAS, CALIBRATING A PRESSURE SENSOR

Fathom Systems Limited, ...

1. A method of determining the partial pressure of at least one gas in a mixture of gasses contained in a pressure vessel, the mixture being pressurised to a level which is above local atmospheric pressure, in which the method comprises the steps of:positioning a gas analysis sensor within the pressure vessel;
exposing the sensor to the mixture of gasses at the pressure level found in the pressure vessel;
operating the sensor to measure the actual partial pressure of the at least one gas in the mixture contained in the vessel; and
periodically calibrating the sensor by directing a calibrating gas mixture to the sensor in the vessel, the calibrating gas mixture being breathable by a human being.

US Pat. No. 10,768,151

TECHNIQUES FOR DISPLAY AND PROCESSING OF MASS SPECTRAL DATA

Waters Technologies Corpo...

1. A method of processing mass spectral data comprising:accessing raw mass spectral data representing data collected from a mass spectrometer prior to being processed by performing peak detection, mapping or translating raw scan times to corresponding retention times or drift times, performing retention time alignment, or associating precursor and fragment or product ions as originating from a same originating molecule based on common retention times of such ions, the raw mass spectral data comprising precursor ion data and fragment ion data for a plurality of scans generated during a mass analysis experiment of a sample, wherein said precursor ion data comprises raw mass spectral data acquired during a low energy mode of the mass analysis experiment and said fragment ion data comprises raw mass spectral data acquired during an elevated energy mode of the mass analysis experiment;
specifying a set of selection criteria configured to be applied to the raw mass spectral data, the selection criteria comprising a first mass value, a second mass value, and a logical operation applied to the first mass value and the second mass value;
selectively generating a chromatogram based on applying the set of selection criteria to the raw mass spectral data by:
presenting a non-zero signal intensity only at scan times corresponding to when said precursor ion data and said fragment ion data in the raw mass spectral data meet the set of selection criteria, and
indicating a zero signal intensity at remaining scan times corresponding to when said precursor ion data and said fragment ion data in the raw mass spectral data do not meet the set of selection criteria.

US Pat. No. 10,768,150

MULTI-CHANNEL MULTI-DIMENSIONAL COMPREHENSIVE GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVER...

1. A method of comprehensive chromatography analysis comprising:separating a sample in a primary chromatographic column;
directing a primary stream exiting the primary chromatographic column toward a non-modulator switching system, wherein the non-modulator switching system comprises at least one micro-switch and at least one valve; and
continuously operating the non-modulator switching system to selectively direct the primary stream to a plurality of thermal injectors and a plurality of secondary chromatographic columns, wherein each of the plurality of thermal injectors is provided in parallel with one another and is in fluid communication with a respective secondary chromatographic column of the plurality, wherein the continuously operating includes:
(a) selectively directing a portion of the primary stream to one of the plurality of thermal injectors and accumulating the portion of the primary stream for a predetermined amount of time;
(b) injecting the portion of the primary stream into one of the plurality of secondary chromatographic columns in fluid communication with the one of the plurality of thermal injectors;
(c) detecting one or more target analytes in a secondary stream exiting the one of the plurality of secondary chromatographic columns; and
repeating (a)-(c) to selectively direct other portions of the primary stream to other thermal injectors of the plurality of thermal injectors and the plurality of secondary chromatographic columns in fluid communication therewith until substantially all of the target analytes in the sample are detected after exiting the plurality of secondary chromatographic columns to provide a comprehensive analysis of the sample, wherein a separation time in each secondary chromatographic column of the plurality of secondary chromatographic columns is less than or equal to a product of the predetermined amount of time and a quantity of secondary chromatographic columns in the plurality of secondary chromatographic columns.

US Pat. No. 10,768,149

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR IMPROVING THE TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING DIRECTIVITY IN LONG-RANGE ULTRASONIC TESTING

RESEARCH COOPERATION FOUN...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a phased array probe comprising two channel transducers arranged on a subject to be tested at an interval corresponding to a quarter wavelength at a center frequency of a guided wave pulse for long-range ultrasonic testing; and
a drive unit configured to drive one transducer of the two channel transducers, which is disposed rearward with respect to an intended direction of the guided wave pulse, to transmit a forward guided wave pulse and a backward guided wave pulse into the object to be tested by supplying a first electric pulse to the channel transducer disposed rearward and then to drive the other transducer of the two channel transducers, which is disposed forward with respect to the intended direction, to transmit a forward guided wave pulse and a backward guided wave pulse into the object to be tested by supplying a second electric pulse of a phase opposite to that of the first electric pulse to the channel transducer disposed forward after an elapse of a time interval corresponding to a quarter wavelength at the center frequency from a time of supplying the first electric pulse, thereby causing the two backward guided wave pulses transmitted by the channel transducer disposed forward and the channel transducer disposed rearward to overlap with each other without a time difference and form destructive interference.

US Pat. No. 10,768,148

METHOD FOR DETECTING FLAW IN TRAIN WHEEL WITH SINGLE ULTRASONIC PULSE AND TESTING DEVICE THEREFOR

1. A method for detecting a flaw in a region of interest in a train wheel that is rotatable about an axis of rotation, comprising:providing an array of individually controllable ultrasonic transmitting transducers for insonifying an ultrasonic field;
moving the array of individually controllable ultrasonic transmitting transducers relative to the train wheel in a substantially circular manner about the axis of rotation;
controlling each of the ultrasonic transmitting transducers with a specific transient excitation signal, each transient excitation signal being generated based on an ultrasonic transmitting transducer-specific stored digital transient excitation function;
receiving, by an array of individually controllable ultrasonic receiving transducers, resulting echo signals from the test object, with each ultrasonic receiving transducer providing an analog time-resolved echo signal;
transducer-specific digitizing of the time-resolved analog echo signals;
temporarily storing the time-resolved, transducer-specific, digitized echo signals in the form of an echo signal set; and
correlating the temporarily stored echo signal set with a single ultrasonic pulse insonified into the train wheel.

US Pat. No. 10,768,147

PROBE APPROACH FOR DGS SIZING

General Electric Company,...

1. An ultrasonic detection assembly for detecting a characteristic in a test object having a cylindrical peripheral surface, the ultrasonic detection assembly comprising:a phased array probe configured to be positioned in proximity to the cylindrical peripheral surface of the test object, the phased array probe including a plurality of transducer elements extending linearly across a distal end of the phased array probe and forming a circular inspection surface of the phased array probe, each transducer element of the plurality of transducer elements being laterally spaced apart and separated from adjacent transducer elements by a gap formed within the inspection surface, wherein at least one of the plurality of transducer elements extend in a linear manner fully across the circular inspection surface, wherein each transducer element is operatively configured to emit a respective beam into the test object in a time-delayed manner relative to an adjacent transducer element so as to provide a pattern of constructive interference;
a beam adjustment structure for providing cylindrical contact between the phased array probe and the cylindrical peripheral surface of the test object, the beam adjustment structure directly coupled to the inspection surface of the phased array probe; and
a controller operatively connected to the phased array probe for causing each transducer to emit the respective beam into the test object.

US Pat. No. 10,768,146

PREDICTING SEVERITY OF BUILDUP WITHIN PIPES USING EVALUATION OF RESIDUAL ATTENUATION

Mueller International, LL...

1. A method comprising the steps of:measuring an acoustic energy in an acoustical wave travelling in a fluid in a pipe at first location and a second location along the pipe;
computing an estimated damping factor for a segment of the pipe between the first location and the second location based on a comparison of the acoustic energy measured at the first location and the second location along the pipe;
determining a residual attenuation for the segment of the pipe from a difference between the estimated damping factor and a theoretical damping factor for the pipe based on a material comprising a pipe wall; and
estimating an amount of buildup in the pipe based on the residual attenuation.

US Pat. No. 10,768,145

MEASUREMENT APPARATUS, ATTENUATION CHARACTERISTIC CALCULATION METHOD, PROGRAM, AND MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A measurement apparatus for measuring abnormalities in a structural body and performing a structural inspection of the structural body, the measurement apparatus comprising:conversion circuitry that receives signal information output from a vibration detector and converts a change in the signal information as provided in a first position on the structural body from a change in the function of time into a change in the function of a distance between a moving object that moves on the structural body and the vibration detector, wherein the signal information indicates an attenuation of a vibration acceleration signal generated by the vibration detector caused by an impact of the moving object, and wherein the attenuation corresponds to a decrease in an amplitude of the vibration acceleration signal as a distance between the vibration detector and the moving object increases;
attenuation characteristic calculation circuitry that calculates an attenuation coefficient of the attenuation of the vibration acceleration signal through the structural body based on the signal information so converted as to represent the change in the function of the distance, wherein the attenuation characteristic calculation circuitry calculates the attenuation coefficient using amplitudes, as measured by the vibration detector, of the vertical acceleration signal as caused by the impact of the moving object in a plurality of second positions different from the first position;
estimation circuitry that estimates, for the structural inspection of the structural body, an occurrence of an abnormality of the structural body based on the attenuation coefficient; and
output circuitry that outputs the occurrence of abnormality.

US Pat. No. 10,768,144

SURFACE CHARACTERISTICS EVALUATION APPARATUS AND SURFACE CHARACTERISTICS EVALUATION METHOD FOR STEEL MATERIAL

SINTOKOGIO, LTD., Aichi ...

1. A surface characteristics evaluation apparatus that evaluates a residual stress in a subject made of a steel material subjected to a surface modification treatment, comprising:an oscillator including an AC power supply and a frequency changing circuit capable of changing a frequency of an alternating current output from the AC power supply;
a detector connected to the oscillator and placed to abut against or close to the subject so that an eddy current occurs in the subject, the detector including a coil capable of inducing an alternating magnetic field when the alternating current is applied by the AC power supply; and
a measuring instrument connected to the frequency changing circuit and the detector;
wherein the measuring instrument is configured to evaluate the subject by performing a computation based on signals acquired with respect to each of a plurality of frequencies set by the frequency changing circuit, and the signals indicate an electric characteristic of the alternating current flowing through the coil,
wherein the plurality of frequencies set by the frequency changing circuit are lower than a predetermined frequency,
wherein the coil is configured to have a self-resonant frequency equal to or higher than the predetermined frequency, and
wherein the frequency band of the alternating current set by the frequency changing circuit falls within a range from 0.5×103 Hz to 20×106 Hz.

US Pat. No. 10,768,143

METHODS OF CHARACTERIZING ION-EXCHANGED CHEMICALLY STRENGTHENED GLASSES CONTAINING LITHIUM

CORNING INCORPORATED, Co...

1. A method of characterizing a stress profile of a chemically strengthened glass substrate formed by the in-diffusion of alkali ions and having an upper surface and a body, a shallow spike region of stress immediately adjacent the upper surface and a deep region of slowly varying stress within the body and that intersects the spike region at a knee, wherein the method comprises:measuring a TM mode spectrum and a TE mode spectrum of the glass substrate, wherein the TM mode spectrum and the TE mode spectrum each include mode lines associated with the spike region, a portion of total-internal reflection (TIR), a portion of partial reflection where there is optical coupling into the deep region of the substrate, and a transition between the two portions associated with a critical angle;
determining a surface compressive stress CSsp of the spike using either at least one of the TM and TE mode spectra or a measurement of a surface concentration of at least one type of alkali ion that resides adjacent the surface;
determining a stress slope s? of the spike using a plurality of the mode lines of the spike region of at least one of the TE and TM mode spectra;
calculating a depth of layer DOLsp of the spike using the modes lines of at least one of the TM and TE spectra; and
calculating an amount of compressive stress CSknee at the knee using the surface compressive stress CSsp, the stress slope s? and the spike DOLsp using the relationship:
CSknee=CSsp+(CF)(s?)(DOLsp)
where CF is a calibration factor in the range from 0.2 to 2 in absolute value.

US Pat. No. 10,768,142

NANOCHANNEL ARRAYS AND THEIR PREPARATION AND USE FOR HIGH THROUGHPUT MACROMOLECULAR ANALYSIS

The Trustees of Princeton...

1. A method of analyzing at least one macromolecule, comprising the steps of:transporting at least one macromolecule in a fluid sample into a nanochannel, such that the at least one macromolecule is in an elongated state within the nanochannel;
maintaining the at least one macromolecule in an elongated state within the nanochannel without application of a shear force;
detecting at least one signal transmitted from the at least one elongated macromolecule within the nanochannel; and
correlating the detected signal to at least one property of the at least one macromolecule;
wherein the at least one macromolecule is DNA and the detected signal is correlated to a base pair sequence of said DNA.

US Pat. No. 10,768,141

ISOELECTRIC FOCUSING ARRAYS AND METHODS OF USE THEREOF

The Regents Of The Univer...

1. A device comprising:a polymeric separation medium comprising two or more isoelectric focusing regions each comprising an acidic boundary sub-region, a basic boundary sub-region, and a focusing sub-region positioned between the acidic boundary sub-region and the basic boundary sub-region,
wherein each isoelectric focusing region is configured for multiplex separation of sample components of interest from two or more samples in the polymeric separation medium,
wherein the two or more isoelectric focusing regions are arranged in series along an axis of the polymeric separation medium, and
wherein each isoelectric focusing region comprises a pH gradient along the axis of the polymeric separation medium.

US Pat. No. 10,768,140

PLATING ANALYSIS METHOD, PLATING ANALYSIS SYSTEM, AND COMPUTER READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM FOR PLATING ANALYSIS

EBARA CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. A method for determining plating conditions by numerically analyzing a film-thickness distribution, comprising:performing an electrochemical measurement in an electroplating apparatus;
determining electrochemical parameters based on a result of the electrochemical measurement;
receiving plating conditions for performing a plating process;
based on the electrochemical parameters and the plating conditions, determining a current density distribution on a surface of a substrate which is an object of the plating process, wherein the current density distribution is determined based on a function formula which comprises a variable which represents a position on the substrate; based on the current density distribution, calculating a thickness distribution of a film to be on the substrate,
wherein the predetermined function formula is given as

wherein Ip(r) denotes the current density distribution at position r on the substrate, wherein a dimensionless polarization parameter ?, a current displacement point rt, and an overvoltage norm ?t2 at the current displacement point rt are given respectively as

wherein I0 denotes exchange current density, b denotes polarization resistance, ?0 denotes overvoltage relating to applied current, ?S denotes electric potential of the substrate, ?1 denotes electric potential in a plating solution, Eeq denotes equilibrium potential, RS denotes surface resistance of a seed layer of the substrate, ? denotes an optional correction factor, and L denotes the distance between an electric contact of the substrate and the center of the substrate; and
performing the plating process based on plating conditions corresponding to a calculated film-thickness distribution satisfying a desired film-thickness distribution.

US Pat. No. 10,768,139

ELECTROCHEMICAL PROBE

The Francis Crick Institu...

1. An electrochemical probe comprising:a wire bundle comprising a plurality of wire electrodes arranged alongside each other;
each of the plurality of wire electrodes comprising conducting material and insulating material surrounding the conducting material; and
an impedance reducing layer of metal nano-structures or metal oxide nano-structures deposited on a polished surface of tips of the plurality of wire electrodes at a first end of the wire bundle, wherein the metal nano-structures or the metal oxide nano-structures have a unit width less than or equal to 500 nm; and
a functionalization layer deposited on the impedance reducing layer at said first end of the wire bundle; wherein:
along sides of the plurality of wire electrodes, said insulating material contacts the conducting material without an intervening layer of the metal nano-structures or metal oxide nano-structures; and
for each of the plurality of wire electrodes:
a diameter of the wire electrode is less than or equal to 25 ?m;
the first end of the wire electrode is tapered to meet at a point; and,
the impedance reducing layer does not extend beyond the diameter of the wire electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,768,138

PROTECTING A SUBSTRATE REGION DURING FABRICATION OF A FET SENSOR

IMEC VZW, Leuven (BE)

1. A method for forming a field-effect transistor sensor, the method comprising:providing a substrate having a substrate region comprising a gate dielectric,
providing a sacrificial element over the substrate region,
providing one or more layers having a combined thickness perpendicular to the substrate of at least 100 nm over the sacrificial element,
opening an access to the sacrificial element through the one or more layers, wherein the sacrificial element extends beyond the access in a direction that is parallel to the substrate, and
removing the sacrificial element, thereby opening a sensor cavity over the substrate region, wherein removing the sacrificial element comprises removing the sacrificial element via oxidative removal, wherein the sacrificial element comprises a carbon-based material and wherein the oxidative removal comprises an oxygen-based plasma etching.

US Pat. No. 10,768,137

GAS DETECTING SENSOR

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR) Kore...

1. A gas detecting sensor comprising:a substrate;
a gate electrode provided on the substrate;
an insulating layer provided on the gate electrode;
a source electrode and a drain electrode, provided on the insulating layer, respectively;
an n-type channel provided between the source electrode and the drain electrode; and
a quantum dot layer provided on the n-type channel and provided so as to have electronic transition energy capable of resonating with vibration energy of a target gas molecule.

US Pat. No. 10,768,136

ELECTROLYTE CONCENTRATION MEASUREMENT DEVICE

HITACHI HIGH-TECH CORPORA...

1. An electrolyte concentration measurement device, comprising:a measurement unit that includes an ion selective electrode, a reference electrode, and a potential measurement unit, and the measurement unit measuring, by the potential measurement unit, a potential difference when an internal standard liquid or specimen is supplied to the ion selective electrode;
a reagent supply unit that supplies a reagent containing the internal standard liquid to the measurement unit;
a record and calculation processor configured to process information of the potential difference measured by the measurement unit and obtains an ion concentration of the internal standard liquid or the specimen;
a concentration value correction/determination processor configured to determine whether the ion concentration of the internal standard liquid, which is obtained by the record and calculation unit, is within a preset value range, and corrects the ion concentration value of the internal standard liquid obtained by the record and calculation unit;
an output device configured to output a result determined by the concentration value correction/determination unit; and
a controller that controls the measurement unit, the record and calculation processor, the concentration value correction/determination processor, and the output device, wherein
the reagent supply unit includes a bottle storage unit that stores a plurality of bottles, each accommodating a reagent such as the internal standard liquid, for each type of reagent, and a bottle switching unit that detects a remaining amount of the reagent in each of the plurality of bottles stored in the bottle storage unit, switches a bottle in which the remaining amount of the reagent is smaller than a preset amount due to supplying the reagent to the measurement unit, to a bottle in which the remaining amount of the reagent is sufficiently larger than the preset amount, by a bottle that is stored in the bottle storage unit and accommodates the same type of reagent, and supplies the reagent to the measurement unit, and
the concentration value correction/determination processor corrects the ion concentration of the internal standard liquid or the specimen obtained by the record and calculation processor after the bottle accommodating the same type of reagent is switched, by using information of the ion concentration of the internal standard liquid or the specimen obtained by the record and calculation processor before the bottle is switched, when a bottle supplying a reagent to the measurement unit is switched among a plurality of bottles accommodating the same type of reagent in the reagent supply unit, and
the bottle switching unit in the reagent supply unit a remaining amount of the reagent in each of the plurality of bottles, and a flow path switching unit that switches a flow path of the reagent supplying the reagent to the measurement unit among the plurality of bottles accommodating the same type of reagent based on information of the remaining amount of the reagent in the bottle detected.

US Pat. No. 10,768,135

OXIDIZING GAS DETECTION METHOD AND APPARATUS THEREOF

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. A method for detecting concentration of an oxidizing gas comprising:providing a gas detecting module with the gas detecting module comprising a metal oxide and a plurality of nanoconductors, wherein the plurality of nanoconductors are distributed in the metal oxide;
performing an electroreduction reaction and a photoreduction reaction simultaneously to the metal oxide;
stopping the electroreduction reaction and the photoreduction reaction to the metal oxide;
applying a first pulse-width modulation signal for reading a reduction-state resistance of a reduced metal oxide;
providing the oxidizing gas to the reduced metal oxide;
performing a redox reaction by photo-catalyzing the oxidizing gas and the reduced metal oxide;
applying a second pulse-width modulation signal for reading an oxidation-state resistance of the oxidized metal oxide; and
calculating the concentration of the oxidizing gas according to a ratio of the oxidation-state resistance to the reduction-state resistance.

US Pat. No. 10,768,134

DEVICE FOR DETERMINING THE PARAMETERS OF STRIP-TYPE SUPERCONDUCTORS

1. A device for determining the parameters of strip-type superconductors, comprising:a generator, a generator frequency-setting element and an inductance coil connected to the generator, and
a receiver, a receiver frequency-setting element and an inductance coil connected to the receiver,
a reservoir with a cryogenic agent and temperature measurement device used as a thermistor,
wherein the generator and receiver inductance coils are arranged with a gap between the same, making it possible for a strip-type superconductor to be placed between the inductance coils,
the pass/stop bands of the generator and receiver frequency-setting elements coincide through not less than at least half of the pass/stop bands of the frequency-setting element having a narrower pass/stop band width.

US Pat. No. 10,768,133

INTEGRATED SMO GAS SENSOR MODULE

STMicroelectronics Pte Lt...

1. A gas sensor array, comprising:a substrate; and
a plurality of solid state gas sensor array elements on the substrate, each of the plurality of solid state gas sensor array element including:
a semiconductor metal oxide (SMO) sensor on the substrate;
a temperature sensor on the substrate;
a heater on the substrate;
an air gap, the SMO sensor, the temperature sensor, and the heater being spaced from the substrate by the air gap;
supports that extend through the air gap;
a first signal line coupled to the SMO sensor;
a second signal line coupled to the temperature sensor; and
a third signal line coupled to the heater.

US Pat. No. 10,768,132

DEVICE FOR MEASURING THE CONDUCTIVITY OF A LIQUID IN ORDER TO DETERMINE VERY LOW LEVELS OF TOTAL ORGANIC CARBON (TOC) IN PURE AND ULTRA-PURE WATER

Merck Patent GmbH, Darms...

1. Device for measuring the conductivity of a liquid, comprising a ceramic hydraulic body having a measuring chamber formed therein for containing a sampling volume to be irradiated with ultraviolet (UV) rays, said measuring chamber being defined in said ceramic hydraulic body by a base of said ceramic hydraulic body and by side walls of said ceramic hydraulic body extending from said base, a UV-transparent window being located between the measuring chamber and a source of UV rays, hermetically closing a first side of the measuring chamber, the measuring chamber opening at least on the first side onto a first surface of said ceramic hydraulic body and being closed on one side of a second surface of said ceramic hydraulic body by said base, the UV-transparent window covering at least part of the first surface, closing the measuring chamber hermetically on the side of the first surface, and wherein an inlet channel is formed in said ceramic hydraulic body for feeding the measuring chamber with liquid to be measured and an outlet channel is formed in said ceramic hydraulic body for removing the measured liquid from the measuring chamber, the inlet channel and the outlet channel emerging on either side beyond a surface exposed to UV rays, and only the sampling volume contained in the measuring chamber is irradiated, wherein said base comprises two electrodes positioned in said measuring chamber, and wherein the measuring chamber has a thickness of between 0.5 mm and 4 mm, a volume of greater than or equal to 400 ?l and a surface area of irradiated material of less than or equal to 600 mm2.

US Pat. No. 10,768,131

SENSOR SUBSTRATE ARRANGEMENT FOR A PARTICULATE SENSOR DEVICE

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. A sensor substrate, comprising:an insulating substrate having a first surface;
sensing electrodes disposed in the insulating substrate, the sensing electrodes being columnar and being composed of at least two pairs of positive and negative sensing electrodes, in the at least two pairs of positive and negative sensing electrodes, a first part of a positive electrode and a second part of a negative electrode being each exposed from the first surface of the insulating substrate; and
innerlayer wiring lines embedded within the insulating substrate, the innerlayer wiring lines corresponding to the positive electrode and the negative electrode, respectively, in the at least two pairs of positive and negative sensing electrodes,
wherein the innerlayer wiring lines comprises first lines corresponding each of the positive electrode in the at least two pairs of positive and negative sensing electrode and comprises second lines corresponding each of the positive electrode in the at least two pairs of positive and negative sensing electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,768,130

METHOD AND SYSTEMS RELATING TO CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL ASSESSMENT

Giatec Scientific Inc., ...

1. A method comprising;providing an electrical measurement system for measuring an electrical characteristic of a concrete structure;
providing at least one beacon of a plurality of beacons, each beacon including a predetermined portion of a transceiver providing pulses of a predetermined format;
providing a global positioning system to provide a global position;
determining at least a relative location of a plurality of relative locations, each relative location being that of the electrical measurement system relative to a predetermined subset of the plurality of beacons; and
storing measurements of the electrical characteristic together with the plurality of relative locations and the global position.

US Pat. No. 10,768,129

SURFACE CHARACTERISTICS EVALUATION METHOD FOR STEEL MATERIAL

SINTOKOGIO, LTD., Aichi ...

1. A surface characteristics evaluation method of evaluating a residual stress in a subject made of a steel material subjected to a surface modification treatment, comprising:a preparation step of preparing a surface characteristics evaluation apparatus, wherein the surface characteristics evaluation apparatus comprises
an oscillator including an AC power supply and a frequency changing circuit,
a detector including a coil connected to the oscillator, an amplifier amplifying a potential difference between opposite ends of the coil, a first absolute value circuit connected to the amplifier, an I/V conversion circuit connected to one end of the coil and a second absolute value circuit connected to the I/V conversion circuit, and
a measuring instrument connected to the frequency changing circuit and the first and second absolute value circuits of the detector;
a subject placement step of placing the subject in such a manner that an alternating magnetic field induced by the coil permeates into the subject;
an eddy current generation step of generating an eddy current in the subject by activating the AC power supply to make the coil induce the alternating magnetic field and allowing the alternating magnetic field to permeate into the subject;
a frequency change step of successively changing the frequency of the alternating current by the frequency changing circuit, thereby successively changing a depth of permeation of the alternating magnetic field into the subject;
an impedance calculation step of calculating a magnitude of impedance Z1 for each of different frequencies by detecting a signal representing a potential difference outputted from the first absolute value circuit and a signal representing a value of a current flowing through the coil from the second absolute value circuit;
a reference impedance measurement step of preliminary measuring a magnitude of reference impedance Z0 at each of different frequencies for a subject yet to be subjected to the surface modification treatment; and
an evaluation step of evaluating the residual stress in the subject based on the magnitude of the impedance Z1,
wherein in the evaluation step, impedance ratios between the magnitude of the reference impedance Z0 and the magnitude of the impedance Z1 are computed for each of the different frequencies, and the residual stress in the subject subjected to the surface modification treatment is evaluated based on the impedance ratios.

US Pat. No. 10,768,128

SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF MONITORING A THERMAL PROTECTION SYSTEM

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. A thermal protection system comprising:a thermally insulative body; and
at least one layer of thermochromatic material applied to the thermally insulative body, wherein a value of a thermochromatic property of the at least one layer of thermochromatic material includes at least one of an intensity or a frequency of light emitted from the at least one layer of thermochromatic material when exposed to non-visible light and is responsive to an amount of heat applied to the at least one layer of thermochromatic material, wherein the value of the thermochromatic property irreversibly changes based on the amount of heat applied, and wherein the at least one layer of thermochromatic material is between the thermally insulative body and a substrate to be thermally protected.

US Pat. No. 10,768,127

THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY MEASUREMENT APPARATUS AND THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY MEASUREMENT METHOD

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. A thermal conductivity measurement apparatus comprising:a first holding member having a contact end face coming into contact with an object to be measured and a distal end face disposed on the side opposite to the contact end face;
a second holding member having a contact end face coming into contact with the object to be measured and a distal end face disposed on the side opposite to the contact end face, the second holding member holding the object to be measured together with the first holding member;
a heating member having an abutting end face abutting on the distal end face of the first holding member and a distal end face disposed on the side opposite to the abutting end face, the heating member heating the first holding member;
a cooling member having an abutting end face abutting on the distal end face of the second holding member and a distal end face disposed on the side opposite to the abutting end face, the cooling member cooling the second holding member;
a plurality of temperature sensors disposed in the first holding member and the second holding member; and
a pressing force application mechanism applying a pressing force to the first holding member, the second holding member, and the object to be measured, wherein
at least one of the distal end face of the first holding member, the distal end face of the second holding member, the abutting end face of the heating member, the distal end face of the heating member, the abutting end face of the cooling member, and the distal end face of the cooling member has a convex curved shape.

US Pat. No. 10,768,126

MULTIPLE CHARGED PARTICLE BEAM INSPECTION APPARATUS AND MULTIPLE CHARGED PARTICLE BEAM INSPECTION METHOD

NuFlare Technology, Inc.,...

1. A multiple charged particle beam inspection apparatus comprising:a stage configured to be movable and place thereon an inspection substrate where a plurality of dies on each of which a same pattern has been formed are arranged in a predetermined direction;
a die pitch acquisition circuit configured to acquire an arrangement pitch of the plurality of dies;
a magnification control circuit configured to control, in a case of imaging the inspection substrate by using multiple charged particle beams while continuously moving the stage, magnification of the multiple charged particle beams to be a controlled magnification such that the arrangement pitch of the plurality of dies becomes a natural number (2 or greater) multiple of an imaging region cycle in the predetermined direction of a plurality of imaging regions to be individually imaged by each beam at each arrangement position of the multiple charged particle beams;
an inspection image acquisition mechanism configured to acquire inspection images of the plurality of dies arranged on the inspection substrate, using the multiple charged particle beams whose magnification has been controlled to be the controlled magnification; and
a comparison circuit configured to compare the inspection images of the plurality of dies.

US Pat. No. 10,768,125

WAVELENGTH DISPERSIVE X-RAY FLUORESCENCE SPECTROMETER AND X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYZING METHOD USING THE SAME

Rigaku Corporation, Akis...

1. A wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer of a focusing optical system, the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer comprising:an X-ray source configured to irradiate a sample with primary X-rays;
a divergence slit configured to allow secondary X-rays generated from the sample to pass therethrough;
a spectroscopic device configured to monochromate and focus the secondary X-rays that have passed through the divergence slit; and
a position sensitive detector configured to have a plurality of detection elements that are disposed in a spectral angle direction of the spectroscopic device, so as to detect intensities of the secondary X-rays at different spectral angles in focused secondary X-rays obtained by the secondary X-rays being focused by the spectroscopic device, by using the detection elements corresponding to the secondary X-rays at different spectral angles,
the divergence slit, the spectroscopic device, and the position sensitive detector being fixed thereto, the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer comprising:
a measured spectrum display unit configured to display a relationship between a position, in an arrangement direction, of each detection element, and a detected intensity by the detection element, as a measured spectrum, on a display;
a detection area setting unit configured to allow an operator to set a peak area that is an area of the detection elements corresponding to fluorescent X-rays to be measured, and a background area that is an area of the detection elements corresponding to background of the fluorescent X-rays to be measured, in the arrangement direction of the detection elements; and
a quantification unit configured to calculate, as a net intensity, an intensity of the fluorescent X-rays to be measured, based on a peak intensity obtained by integrating detected intensities by the detection elements in the peak area, a background intensity obtained by integrating detected intensities by the detection elements in the background area, and a background correction coefficient which is previously calculated, and to perform quantitative analysis.

US Pat. No. 10,768,124

SPECIMEN HOLDER

Mel-Build Corporation, F...

1. A specimen holder comprising:a specimen holder shaft unit having a specimen and/or specimen mesh setting unit;
an outer tubular unit capable of housing the specimen holder shaft unit;
a thermal drift adjusting unit made of a material having a different thermal expansion coefficient from a thermal expansion coefficient of the specimen holder shaft unit, and partially in contact with the specimen holder shaft unit; and
a control mechanism which controls movement of the thermal drift adjusting unit toward a center direction of the specimen.

US Pat. No. 10,768,123

X-RAY DEFECTOSCOPE (DEFECT SCANNER) FOR PROTECTIVE CLOTHING

Adani Systems, Inc., Ale...

1. A method of detecting defects in protective clothing items, the method comprising:positioning a protective clothing item in a scanner;
moving the item through scanner while irradiating the item with X-rays;
measuring energy of the X-rays that pass through the item using a linear detector as the item is being moved through the scanner;
automatically calculating a lead equivalent thickness of each pixel of the item based on the measured energy;
automatically identifying any rectangular areas of the item with defects and
displaying an image of the item for an operator with the identified areas highlighted in color.

US Pat. No. 10,768,122

RADIATION IMAGING SYSTEM, RADIATION IMAGING METHOD, AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER-READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A radiation imaging system comprising:a radiation imaging apparatus configured to obtain a radiation image of an object based on radiation applied from a radiation source and reaching through the object, wherein the radiation imaging apparatus may obtain a correction image by performing imaging without irradiation with the radiation from the radiation source;
a temperature stabilizing unit configured to stabilize a change in temperature of a radiation imaging apparatus;
one or more processors; and
a memory including instructions stored thereon which, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the radiation imaging system to function as:
an image processing unit configured to perform, using the correction image, image processing for correcting an offset component appearing in the radiation image on the radiation image;
a determination unit configured to determine whether stabilization of a change in temperature of the radiation imaging apparatus by the temperature stabilizing unit is effectively functioning; and
a control unit configured to control the radiation imaging apparatus so that the radiation imaging apparatus obtains the radiation image and obtains the correction image, wherein
the control unit controls the radiation imaging apparatus in a first mode of obtaining the correction image before a plurality of the radiation images are obtained by the radiation imaging apparatus in a case where it is determined by the determination unit that stabilization of a change in temperature of the radiation imaging apparatus is effectively functioning, and
the control unit controls the radiation imaging apparatus in a second mode of obtaining the correction image for each obtaining operation for the radiation image by the radiation imaging apparatus in a case where it is determined by the determination unit that stabilization of a change in temperature of the radiation imaging apparatus is not effectively functioning.

US Pat. No. 10,768,121

METHODS, APPARATUS, AND SYSTEMS FOR INSPECTING HOLES IN TRANSPARENT MATERIALS

The Boeing Company, Chic...

8. An apparatus, comprising:a sleeve sized to be received in a first fastener hole of an object of manufacture having a transparent material at least partially enclosed in one or more substantially opaque materials, the sleeve having a hollow portion sized to receive a light source, the sleeve further including a cut-out portion configured, when the sleeve is received in the first fastener hole and the light source is received in the hollow portion, to direct light from the light source through the transparent material and toward a second fastener hole that is adjacent to the first fastener hole, the second fastener hole defined by a machined surface; and
an adjustable arm having first and second end portions, the first end portion being connected to the sleeve and the second end portion being configured to support a viewing prism having a viewing face such that light transmitted from the light source goes through at least a portion of the machined surface of the second fastener hole and through the viewing face when the sleeve is received in the first fastener hole, the light source is received in the hollow portion, and the prism is disposed adjacent the transparent material.

US Pat. No. 10,768,120

TECHNOLOGIES FOR IDENTIFYING DEFECTS

Sunspring America, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising: directing a laser beam onto an inner side of a tube from a laser source positioned within the tube, wherein the laser beam has a wavelength between about 360 nanometers (nm) and about 500 nm within a visible region of an electromagnetic spectrum, wherein the inner side includes a defect that is lubricated before an intended operative end use, wherein the inner side includes copper or an alloy including copper; rotationally moving the tube with respect to the laser beam such that the laser beam beams onto the defect that is lubricated before the intended operative end use, wherein the laser source is stationary within the tube while the tube is rotationally moving; sensing a reflection of the laser beam from the inner side based on the defect; computationally identifying a change between the laser beam and the reflection; and computationally acting based on the change.

US Pat. No. 10,768,119

APPLICATOR, APPLICATOR SET, DEGREE OF CLEANLINESS DETERMINATION METHOD, AND DEGREE OF CLEANLINESS DETERMINATION SYSTEM

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

1. An applicator comprising:a marker composition containing retroreflective particles and a dispersion medium, a blending ratio of the retroreflective particles being from 50 to 90 mass % on the basis of the total marker composition; wherein the dispersion medium comprises a water-soluble polymer, and
an applicator body capable of retaining the marker composition;
wherein an exposed part of the applicator body is capable of delivering the marker composition to a surface of an application target surface to be cleaned.

US Pat. No. 10,768,118

SURFACE DEFECT INSPECTION DEVICE AND METHOD

Konica Minolta, Inc., To...

1. A surface defect inspection device that irradiates an inspection face of an inspection object with illumination light, and detects a defect at the inspection face, based on an image including the inspection face captured, the surface defect inspection device comprising:an image capturing unit configured to capture an image;
an illuminator that forms at least one set of a light region and a dark region, and emits the illumination light with the formation;
a region adjuster that adjusts a range of a defect detection image region for the detection of the defect, to be set to the image capturing the inspection face irradiated with the illumination light in the light region, in accordance with a previously defined degree of visibility for orange peel, at the detection of the defect at the inspection face;
a correspondence relationship information storage storing, as correspondence relationship information, an adjustment value for the adjustment of the range of the defect detection image region, in association with the degree of visibility for orange peel; and
an inputter that receives input of the degree of visibility for orange peel,
wherein the region adjuster determines the adjustment value corresponding to the degree of visibility for orange peel received by the inputter, from the correspondence relationship information stored in the correspondence relationship information storage, and adjusts the range of the defect detection image region with the determined adjustment value.

US Pat. No. 10,768,117

DEVICE FOR DETECTING ALGAE CONCENTRATION USING FIRST DERIVATIVE OF VISIBLE LIGHT ABSORBANCE

REAL TECH HOLDINGS INC., ...

1. A device for detecting algae in water, comprising:(i) a light source to generate light beams of electromagnetic radiation in the visible light spectrum;
(ii) a flow cell containing a water sample including windows to allow said light beams to transmit through said flow cell and water sample;
(iii) a spectrometer unit that receives said transmitted light beams penetrating said sample in said flow cell, and resolves said incident light beams into a specific visible absorbance spectrum pertaining to said sample;
(iv) a processor connected to said spectrometer unit programmed to:
a. compute the derivative of the visible absorbance spectrum through said flow cell;
b. compute from the derivative spectra the concentration of varying types of algae.

US Pat. No. 10,768,116

MULTI-FLUID TEST STRIP

18. A multi-fluid test strip comprising:a first zone configured to test a first fluid, the first zone comprising a first test pad configured to test a first aspect of the first fluid;
a second zone configured to test a second fluid, the second zone comprising a second test pad and a third test pad configured to test a second aspect and a third aspect of the second fluid;
a third zone intermediate the first zone and the second zone, the third zone configured to prevent cross-contamination of the first fluid with the second zone and prevent cross-contamination of the second fluid with the first zone;
a first grip zone, the first zone intermediate the first grip zone and the third zone, wherein the first grip zone is dimensioned to permit gripping of the first grip zone without touching the first zone; and
a second grip zone, the second zone intermediate the second grip zone and the third zone, wherein the second grip zone is dimensioned to permit gripping of the second grip zone without touching the second zone.

US Pat. No. 10,768,115

AUGMENTED RAMAN ANALYSIS OF A GAS MIXTURE

Kaiser Optical Systems In...

1. A method for analyzing the composition of a multi-component matter sample comprising:determining a first composition of a multi-component matter sample using a spectroscopic device;
calculating a relative composition matrix containing a normalized molar amount of each component of the matter sample, based on the first composition;
calculating a value of a first secondary property of the matter sample using the relative composition matrix;
measuring a value of the first secondary property of the matter sample with a sensor embodied to measure the value of the first secondary property; and
determining whether a first difference between the calculated value of the first secondary property and the measured value of the first secondary property exceeds a first threshold,
wherein upon determining that the first difference exceeds the first threshold:
attributing the first difference to a component invisible to the spectroscopic device;
calculating a first amount of the spectroscopic-invisible component using the first difference;
adding the first amount of the spectroscopic-invisible component to the relative composition matrix; and
adjusting the normalized molar amount of each component in the relative composition matrix to account for the first amount of the spectroscopic-invisible component.

US Pat. No. 10,768,114

MULTI-MODAL OPTICAL IMAGING SYSTEM FOR TISSUE ANALYSIS

Synaptive Medical (Barbad...

1. A modular system for organic sample analysis of tissue, comprising:a sample stage comprising a support platform, a motorized positioning assembly mounted on said support platform, the support platform comprising a vibrationally damped base, the vibrationally damped base preventing noise in an optical signal, and a sample holder mounted on said motorized positioning assembly upon which a tissue sample is placed, the motorized positioning assembly comprising a motorized stage driver and at least one actuator, the at least one actuator comprising at least one of: a motorized stage actuator, a DC motor, a stepper motor, and a piezoelectric effect actuator, the motorized stage driver providing necessary electrical driving signals for the motorized stage actuators and collecting electrical signals from at least one sensor, and the at least one sensor providing information relating to a state of the motorized positioning assembly;
a probe support rack mounted on said support platform;
a plurality of bio-imaging probes mounted on said probe support rack with said bio-imaging probes arranged in a pre-defined geometry with respect to one another, at least one bio-imaging probe having a field of view independent of all other bio-imaging probes;
a computer controller coupled with said motorized positioning mechanism assembly and said plurality of bio-imaging probes, said computer controller programmed with instructions for instructing said motorized positioning assembly to move said sample holder, having the tissue sample located thereon, to positions in the field of view of each bio-imaging probe where the tissue sample is individually analyzable by each of said bio-imaging probes, said computer controller comprising means for storing an imaging data from each said bio-imaging probe, and said computer controller programmed with instructions for spatially correlating imaging data of a selected volume of interest with the imaging data obtained from at least one other bio-imaging probe and storing said spatially correlated imaging data in said storing means;
an enclosure accommodating the plurality of bio-imaging probes and motorized positioning assembly; and
a ventilation system configured to circulate fresh air into the enclosure.

US Pat. No. 10,768,113

DEVICE FOR READING AN IVD ASSAY

Lumos Diagnostics IP PTY ...

1. A system for reading diagnostic assays for in-vitro diagnostic applications, the system comprising:a receiving member that receives a diagnostic assay cartridge carrying a diagnostic assay;
at least one excitation module that illuminates the diagnostic assay, when the diagnostic assay cartridge is placed in the receiving member;
a camera module that captures an image of the illuminated diagnostic assay placed in the receiving member;
a processor; and
memory storing firmware accessible to the processor;
wherein when the processor executes the firmware, the processor is caused to receive the captured image from the camera module, adjust the intensity of the image to emulate a uniform field of illumination over the diagnostic cartridge based on an illumination look-up table, and based on the captured image, determine an amount of a target analyte that was present in the diagnostic assay.

US Pat. No. 10,768,112

OPTICAL DETECTION DEVICE AND OPTICAL DETECTION METHOD

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ADV...

1. An optical detection device comprising:one or more light irradiation units;
a detection plate which includes a laminate structure formed by stacking a light transmissive substrate, a metal layer or a semiconductor layer, and a light transmissive dielectric layer in this order from a back surface toward a front surface;
a prism which is optically closely contacted to a back surface side of the detection plate and has a plurality of light incident surfaces, at least two of the light incident surfaces being different in incident surface angles, which are the angles formed between the light incident surfaces and the front surface of the detection plate;
a sample holding unit capable of holding a sample that contains a target substance on the front surface of the detection plate; and
a light detection unit which is placed on the front surface side of the detection plate and which detects an optical signal from a detection area of the sample,
wherein the optical detection device is placed such that light from the light irradiation unit enters the plurality of light incident surfaces of the prism at one angle fixed with respect to the front surface of the detection plate, and the light passing through the prism is irradiated from the back surface side of the detection plate under a condition that satisfies a total reflection condition in the detection plate, and the optical signal is detected by the light detection unit.

US Pat. No. 10,768,111

FLUORESCENT SUPRAMOLECULAR BIOSENSOR AND PREPARATION METHOD THEREOF

INDUSTRY-ACADEMIC COOPERA...

1. A fluorescent supramolecular biosensor for detecting a bacterium, comprising a plurality of supramolecular building blocks composed of:(1) a first peptide having a coiled coil structure;
(2) an ?-helical second peptide binding specifically to a specific bacterium; and
(3) a third peptide having a fluorophore bound, wherein the supramolecular building block is a lariat-type polypeptide wherein the first and second peptides are bound centered around a lysine residue to form a linear peptide, the linear peptide forms a cyclic structure as both ends of are bound through a cyclization process and the third peptide is bound to a nitrogen atom of a main chain amine group (?-amine group) of the lysine residue of the linear peptide.

US Pat. No. 10,768,110

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DIFFERENTIATING MULTIPLE FLUORESCENCE SIGNALS BY EXCITATION WAVELENGTH

Applied Biosystems, LLC, ...

24. An apparatus comprising:a reaction region holding assembly configured to hold a plurality of reaction regions, each reaction region configured to receive a sample containing a nucleic acid sequence and a plurality of different detectable markers;
a plurality of excitation light sources, each excitation light source configured to emit a plurality of wavelength ranges;
a plurality of detectors, each of the detectors configured to detect emissions from the detectable markers;
a plurality of lenses, each of the lenses configured to direct excitation light from one of the excitation light sources into a respective one of the reaction regions and to direct emissions from the respective one of the reaction regions to a respective one of the detectors;
a plurality of lightpipes, each lightpipe comprising:
a first end proximal one of the lenses, and
a second end proximal a respective one of the plurality of excitation light sources and a respective one of the detectors,
wherein light from the respective light source and emissions from the respective reaction site pass through a common cross-section of the second end.

US Pat. No. 10,768,109

CHEMICAL SENSING BASED ON PLASMON RESONANCE IN CARBON NANOTUBES

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of forming a chemical sensor, comprising:forming a dielectric layer on an electrode, including an oxide layer and a non-polar spacer layer;
depositing a carbon nanotube film on the non-polar spacer layer of the dielectric layer, wherein the non-polar spacer layer controls coupling between polar photons in the oxide layer and plasmons in the carbon nanotube film;
patterning the carbon nanotube film into a plurality of strips having a plasmon mode that overlaps with a vibrational mode of a chemical to be detected; and
forming conductive contacts at ends of each of the plurality of strips.

US Pat. No. 10,768,108

SURFACE PLASMON RESONANCE BIOSENSOR SYSTEM

GE HEALTHCARE BIO-SCIENCE...

1. A Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) biosensor system comprising:an illumination unit arranged to selectively direct two or more wedge shaped beams of light;
a SPR sensor surface, wherein the two or more wedge shaped beams of light from the illumination unit form respective two or more line-shaped detection areas on the SPR sensor surface transverse to the direction of light propagation, the two or more line-shaped detection areas being spaced apart from each other, wherein each wedged shaped beam is focused at a corresponding line-shaped detection area comprising a plurality of detection spots, with each of the plurality of detection spots associated with a respective flow cell for passing the analyte over the spot;
a two-dimensional detection unit comprising a plurality of detector columns disposed along one dimension of the detection unit and a plurality of detector rows along the other orthogonal dimension of the detection unit, wherein each detector column comprises a plurality of detection elements, and each detection element corresponds to an angle of reflection;
wherein a detection spot in one of the line-shaped detection areas forms a detection spot pair with a corresponding detection spot in a different line-shaped detection area, and the detection spot pair is imaged onto a same detector column of the detection unit.

US Pat. No. 10,768,107

INTERFACE DETECTOR FOR BLOOD PROCESSING SYSTEM

Fenwal, Inc., Lake Zuric...

1. An optical sensor system incorporated into a blood processing system, the optical sensor system comprising:a housing associated with a centrifuge assembly of the blood processing system;
a light source incorporated into the housing and configured to emit a source light beam that is at least partially reflected from the centrifuge assembly back to the housing;
a light detector positioned outside of the housing; and
an optical fiber connected to the housing and configured to conduct at least a portion of the reflected source light beam toward the light detector, wherein the light detector is incorporated into the blood processing system at a position spaced away from a drive system of the centrifuge assembly to render the light detector relatively immune to electrical noise and vibration.

US Pat. No. 10,768,106

USE OF TURBIDIMETER FOR MEASUREMENT OF SOLID CATALYST SYSTEM COMPONENT IN A REACTOR FEED

Chevron Phillips Chemical...

1. A method of monitoring a solid component of a reactor feed stream in a polymer production system, comprising:(a) measuring a turbidity of the reactor feed stream, wherein the reactor feed stream comprises a solid component of a polymerization catalyst system; and
(b) translating the turbidity of the reactor feed stream into a concentration of the solid component in the reactor feed stream,
wherein (b) translating the turbidity of the reactor feed stream into a concentration of the solid component in the reactor feed stream comprises using a calibration curve with known solid component concentration values as a function of measured turbidity.

US Pat. No. 10,768,105

IMAGE ANALYSIS AND MEASUREMENT OF BIOLOGICAL SAMPLES

Labrador Diagnostics LLC,...

1. A system for imaging a sample in a sample holder, comprising:a movable stage having a cavity for receiving the sample holder
a light source for illuminating the sample held within said sample holder, said light source directing light within a first plane,
an objective lens configured to collect and focus scattered light from said sample held within said sample holder, wherein said scattered light comprises light scattered at a plurality of scatter angles,
a ring light mounted coaxially about a center axis of the objective lens;
an angled reflective surface for directing light from the light source in a direction outward from said first plane towards said objective lens;
a color wheel of filters for passing light from said objective lens, and
a further lens configured to focus light from said objective lens onto an optical aperture,
wherein the color wheel of filters is aligned in a first plane and the ring light is aligned in a second plane orthogonal to the first plane;
wherein the movable stage is aligned in a third plane parallel to the first plane.

US Pat. No. 10,768,104

QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT OF SOIL CONTAMINANTS, PARTICULARLY HYDROCARBONS, USING REFLECTANCE SPECTROSCOPY

Ramot at Tel-Aviv Univers...

1. Method for quantitative assessment of hydrocarbon contamination in soil using reflectance spectroscopy, the method comprising:obtaining a plurality of soil samples, the samples having respective hydrocarbon contaminants;
spectrally analyzing each soil sample using reflectance spectroscopy, said reflectance spectroscopy obtaining spectroscopy data of said respective sample;
applying to said sample spectroscopy data of each respective soil sample a plurality of combinations from a set of preprocessing operations;
removing ones of said combinations;
from each remaining combination generating a respectively different version of said sample spectroscopy data, each version being a respective perturbation of the sample spectroscopy data, each perturbation thereby being generated according to a respective one of said combinations of preprocessing operations, wherein said set of preprocessing operations comprises initial smoothing, multiplicative scatter correction, signal normal variate, absorption, continuum removal, first derivative, second derivative, and final smoothing;
using all of said perturbations, generating a model relating said preprocessed spectral data to respective hydrocarbon contaminants, and
using said model with spectroscopy data of an additional soil sample having unknown contamination to determine respective unknown contaminants thereby characterizing the hydrocarbon contamination of said additional soil sample.

US Pat. No. 10,768,103

INFRARED IMAGING OF BIOLOGICAL MATERIAL

IMPERIAL INNOVATIONS LIMI...

1. A method of mapping a tissue characteristic in a tissue sample comprising, for each of a plurality of pixels in a two dimensional array:gathering infrared absorption data from the sample at selected wavelengths;
determining, from the infrared absorption data, a first measure of the amount of energy or power absorbed attributable to an amide moiety and a second measure of the amount of energy or power absorbed attributable to a phosphate moiety, and
determining a ratio of the first measure and the second measure to establish a histological index, to thereby generate a dataset corresponding to pixel values of a spatial map of the sample wherein the histological index, PA, is derived according to the expression PA=[|M(?3)?M(?4)|]/[|M(?1)?M(?2)|] or PA=[X M(?3)?M(?4)]/[X M(?1)?M(?2)], where: M(?n) is a measure of the absorbed energy or power at ?n; ?1 is a wavelength corresponding to a peak absorption value attributable to an amide moiety; ?2 is a wavelength corresponding to a baseline absorption value attributable to an amide moiety; ?3 is a wavelength corresponding to a peak absorption value attributable to a phosphate moiety; ?4 is a wavelength corresponding to a baseline absorption value attributable to a phosphate moiety; X is numerical factor ?1 which is set to a value sufficient to ensure that the measure M for a peak absorption values ?3 and ?1 is always greater than the measure M for the corresponding baseline absorption values ?4 and ?2 for all measurements; and
?1=6.0±0.1 microns; ?2=6.5±0.1 microns; ?3=a number selected from a group consisting of 8.13±0.1 microns and 9.26±0.1 microns; ?4=a number selected from a group consisting of 8.57±0.1 microns and 10.0±0.1 microns.

US Pat. No. 10,768,102

MOISTURE CONTENT OBSERVATION DEVICE, MOISTURE CONTENT OBSERVATION METHOD, AND CULTIVATING DEVICE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A device for observing water content contained in a plant, the device comprising:a first light source which radiates a near infrared laser reference beam of a first wavelength having a characteristic in which light tends not to be absorbed in water while sequentially scanning toward the plant;
a second light source which radiates a near infrared laser measuring beam of a second wavelength having a characteristic in which light tends to be absorbed in water while sequentially scanning toward the plant;
an output unit that outputs an invisible light image indicating presence or absence of water contained in the plant;
a water content calculation unit that repeatedly calculates the water content contained in each pixel area constituting the invisible light image based on reflection light of the near infrared laser reference beam and reflection light of the near infrared laser measuring beam, in a certain measurement period; and
a controller that displays a time-transition of the water content, which is contained in the pixel area from start to end of a measurement period, calculated by the water content calculation unit on a display unit,
wherein the controller fixedly determines a set of pixel areas in which the water content calculated by the water content calculation unit exceeds a threshold level at the start of the measurement period, out of all pixel areas constituting the invisible light image, as an observation target portion on the plant.

US Pat. No. 10,768,101

MEASURING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR SENSING DIFFERENT GASES AND GAS CONCENTRATIONS

INFRASOLID GMBH, Dresden...

1. A measuring device for sensing different gases and gas concentrations comprising a radiation source, a measuring channel having an optical path and a gas interaction path, and radiation detectors arranged along the measuring channel, wherein the optical path has at least one deflection point, wherein a first narrow bandpass interference filter is arranged at a first deflection point and a first radiation detector is arranged downstream of the first narrow bandpass interference filter, and wherein the optical path and the gas interaction path in the measuring channel are identical, whereas the optical path has N deflection points and has an absorption path length LN from the radiation source up to the Nth deflection point, wherein N is a natural number greater than 1 and different gases can be measured using different absorption path lengths at the same time.

US Pat. No. 10,768,100

AIR POLLUTION MONITORING SYSTEM AND AIR POLLUTION MONITORING METHOD

1. An air pollution monitoring system comprising:a plurality of monitoring equipments, pollution factor qualitative modules, pollution factor quantitative modules, and a fixed tower;
wherein each of the monitoring equipments includes an infrared reflective assembly and an infrared emission host; at least one of the infrared reflective assemblies of each of the monitoring equipments is disposed at a different height; each of the infrared emission hosts emits infrared rays to the corresponding infrared reflective assemblies, and each monitoring equipment performs real time monitoring of an air mass within a monitoring scope to obtain an infrared spectral data of passing gas clusters;
the pollution factor qualitative modules are preset with an infrared judgment reference data of a plurality of pollution factors, which uses the infrared spectrum values of a plurality of different pollution factors as a reference; the pollution factor qualitative module compares the infrared judgment reference data with the infrared spectral data obtained by the monitoring equipment to analyze and obtain the pollution factors contained in the monitoring scope by the corresponding monitoring equipment;
the pollution factor quantification modules are preset with a pollution amount determination reference data corresponding to a plurality of different pollution factors, which is classified into different pollution amount levels according to the amount of the pollution factor in the air mass; the quantitative module determines a reference data based on the infrared spectral data obtained by the monitoring equipment, the pollution factor analyzed by the quantification module, and the pollution quantity preset in the quantitative module, and analyzes to achieve the pollution level within the monitoring scope by the corresponding monitoring equipment; and
the infrared reflective assemblies are fixed at different heights by the fixed tower so that the infrared rays emitted by the infrared emission host are scanned up and down in a vertical direction of the fixed tower.

US Pat. No. 10,768,098

SPECTRUM RECOVERY IN A SAMPLE

DATACOLOR INC., Lawrence...

1. A color measurement system comprising:at least one illuminant configured to produce a light beam having one or more spectral power distributions (SPD) at a sample;
a color measurement device configured to generate data in response to light from the at least one illuminant and reflected off the sample being incident on a light sensing portion of the color measurement device; and
a processor having a memory and configured to receive the output signal from the color measurement device, and calculate a recovered reflectance spectrum of the sample using at least the output signal generated when the sample is illuminated by the at least one illuminant, wherein the recovered reflectance spectrum is calculated by generating a sample matrix using the data output from the color measurement device upon illumination of the sample, and obtaining the product of the sample matrix and a calibration value,
wherein the calibration value is a matrix calculated using at least a matrix of concatenated calibration matrices and at least a matrix of concatenated master calibration matrices, wherein the concatenated calibration matrices includes a first calibration matrix of measurement values for a plurality of reference objects obtained under at least one measurement criterion and at least one additional calibration matrix of measurement values for the plurality of reference objects obtained under the same at least one measurement criterion.

US Pat. No. 10,768,097

ANALYZER, IMAGE CAPTURING APPARATUS THAT ACQUIRES COLOR INFORMATION, ANALYZING METHOD, AND STORAGE MEDIUM

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An analyzer comprising:one or more processors configured to:
acquire first color information on visible light and at least one of ultraviolet light and infrared light from first image data, the first image data being obtained by first image capturing using a first image sensor and a first image capturing optical system;
acquire second color information on visible light and at least one of ultraviolet light and infrared light from second image data, the second image data being obtained by second image capturing using a second image sensor and a second image capturing optical system;
determine first characteristic data relating to material information of an object contained in the first image data based on the first color information, first image capturing condition information, and reference data in which the color information of the object is tagged with the material information; and
determine second characteristic data relating to material information of the object contained in the second image data based on the second color information, second image capturing condition information, and the reference data,
wherein the first image capturing condition information contains information on a spectral characteristic of illumination light in the first image capturing, information on a spectral sensitivity curve of the first image sensor, and information on a spectral transmittance of the first image capturing optical system, and
wherein the second image capturing condition information contains information on a spectral characteristic of illumination light in the second image capturing, information on a spectral sensitivity curve of the second image sensor, and information on a spectral transmittance of the second image capturing optical system.

US Pat. No. 10,768,096

NOISE CANCELING DETECTOR

SINTEF TTO AS, Trondheim...

1. A noise cancelling optical gas detector for detecting a gas absorbing light at a known wavelength, the optical gas detector comprising:two identical, parallel membranes defining a volume between them containing the gas to be investigated;
a modulated light source emitting light at the known wavelength into the volume at a chosen modulation frequency;
wherein the optical gas detector is adapted to detect movements between the membranes caused by the light absorption in the gas resulting in pressure fluctuations in the gas volume resulting in movements of said two membranes thus having identical opposite directions and having a frequency corresponding to the rate or a multiple of the rate of the modulated light source;
wherein the gas volume allows the gas to flow or diffuse unrestricted into the volume; and
wherein the movement detections are provided by using optical measurements adapted to monitor the distance between the two membranes.

US Pat. No. 10,768,095

OPTICAL SENSOR

Ricoh Company, Ltd, Toky...

1. An optical sensor comprising:a light emitter configured to irradiate a surface of an object with a plurality of non-parallel light beams;
a light detector configured to detect a plurality of light beams that have been reflected within the object and have returned to the surface from a plurality of directions;
a recording unit configured to store pre-calculated results of a plurality of models having different optical properties and physical structures; and
a calculating unit configured to calculate a light amount ratio of the plurality of reflected light beams, and estimate an optical property of the object based on the calculated light amount ratio and the pre-calculated results.

US Pat. No. 10,768,094

THERMOGRAPHY IMAGE PROCESSING WITH NEURAL NETWORKS TO IDENTIFY CORROSION UNDER INSULATION (CUI)

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A computer-implemented method for identifying corrosion under insulation (CUI) in a structure using filters trained by a first machine learning system to a first threshold for CUI classification accuracy, comprising:receiving a thermograph captured from the structure using an infrared radiation sensor and additional data related to the structure and environmental conditions;
inputting outputs of the first machine learning system and additional data related to the structure and environment conditions into a second machine learning system that incorporates information from earlier states into current states;
training the second machine learning system to identify CUI according to changes in the outputs of the first machine learning system and the additional data over time until a second threshold for CUI classification accuracy is reached; and
after the second threshold is reached, identifying CUI in the structure based on received thermograph and additional data using the first and second machine learning systems in coordination.

US Pat. No. 10,768,093

MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CORROSION TESTING OF COATINGS AND MATERIALS

Luna Innovations Incorpor...

1. A sensor panel for measuring time varying processes of atmospheric corrosion, comprising:multiple sensors configured to measure one or more protective properties of a coating applied to the sensor panel, the sensor panel having at least two different electrochemical sensors from a group of a free corrosion rate sensor, a galvanic corrosion rate sensor, and a coating barrier property sensor, wherein the at least two different electrochemical sensors are each configured to use an electrochemical process to measure the one or more protective properties of the coating applied to the sensor panel, and
an interface coupled to the sensors and configured to provide measurement signals from the sensors,
wherein the measurement signals include information relating to one or more protective properties of the coating.

US Pat. No. 10,768,092

MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CORROSION TESTING OF COATINGS AND MATERIALS

Luna Innovations Incorpor...

1. A system for measuring time varying processes of atmospheric corrosion, comprising:a test rack holding a sensor panel including one or more sensors configured to measure, using an electrochemical process, one or more protective properties of a coating applied to the sensor panel, and
circuitry configured to obtain measurement information from the one or more sensors of the sensor panel and to evaluate the one or more protective properties of the coating,
wherein the test rack also holds one or more mechanical test assemblies, each mechanical test assembly having a mechanical test specimen, a load mechanism configured to apply a load to the mechanical test specimen, and a mechanical test specimen sensor configured to measure mechanical properties.

US Pat. No. 10,768,091

PARTICLE COUNTING METHOD AND SYSTEM

Jiangsu Sujing Group Co.,...

1. A particle counting method, is characterized in that, it comprises following steps:S1) generating a light channel for detecting particles, the light channel is associated with a circular spot, and an optical density of the light channel is normally distributed in a section perpendicular to the paths through which the particles flow; the optical density distribution function I is as shown in the following formula (1):

wherein, w0 is an optical density at a center of the light channel; ? and k are coefficients, and r is a distance to the center of the light channel from paths along which the particles pass through the light channel;
S2) acquiring optical signals scattered by the particles passing through the light channel and converting the optical signals into pulse signals;
S3) according to the pulse signals, obtaining distances between closest positions which are positions closest to the center of the light channel in the paths along which the particles pass through the light channel and the center of the light channel;
S4) according to an optical density distribution of the light channel, compensating amplitudes of the pulse signals of the particles when passing through the closest positions such that compensated amplitudes of the pulse signals of the particles are equal to amplitudes of pulse signals of particles with same particle diameters when passing through the center of the light channel:
S41) the initial pulse voltage amplitudes V1 are as shown in the following formula (4):
V1=Mg×?1=Mg×S1×i1  (4)
wherein, Mg is a product of an amplification factor of the preamplifier and a photoelectric conversion efficiency of the photoelectric detector, ?1 is a luminous flux generated by the particles passing through the closest position, and S1 is an equivalent area of a scattered light generated by the particles, and I1 is an optical density at the closest position;
center pulse voltage amplitudes V0 of the particles passing through the center of the light channel are as shown in the following formula (5):
V0=Mg×?0=Mg×S1×I0=Mg×S1×?×w0  (5)
wherein, ?0 is a luminous flux generated by the particles passing through the center of the light channel, I0 is an optical density at the centers, ? is a corresponding coefficient, and w0 is an optical density at the center of the light channel;
S42) compensation coefficients f are as shown in the following formula (6):

S43) compensated pulse voltage amplitudes V are as shown in the following formula (7), where V is associated with the compensated amplitudes of the pulse signals of the particles:

S5) screening and counting the particles according to the compensated amplitudes of the pulse signals to realize counting of the particles with respective particle sizes.

US Pat. No. 10,768,090

PARTICLE COUNTING APPARATUS

HORIBA, Ltd., Kyoto-shi,...

1. A particle counting apparatus for counting particles in a sample liquid, comprisinga plurality of counting chambers each provided with an aperture and a pair of electrodes for counting particles based on the electric resistance method,
a suction pump, and
a liquid supplying part for supplying a liquid to one or more predetermined counting chambers,whereinthe aperture of each of the plurality of counting chambers has an outside opening connected to the suction pump through a confluent piping, and
the liquid supplying part supplies a liquid to said one or more predetermined counting chambers or to a flow path on the predetermined counting chamber side than a confluent part in the confluent piping, after completion of counting in said one or more predetermined counting chambers, such that a liquid level of the sample liquid in said one or more predetermined counting chambers would not descend to the aperture or to a predetermined liquid level above the aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,768,089

PARTICLE COLLECTING APPARATUS AND PARTICLE COLLECTING SYSTEM

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

10. A particle collecting system comprising:a particle collecting apparatus;
a gas supply unit configured to supply a gas to the particle collecting apparatus;
a flow rate controller configured to control a flow rate of the gas supplied from the gas supply unit to the particle collecting apparatus;
a suction pump configured to suck the gas from the particle collecting apparatus; and
a flow speed meter configured to measure a flow speed of the gas sucked from the particle collecting apparatus by the suction pump,
wherein the particle collecting apparatus includes:
a cylindrical housing having a closed top and an open bottom facing a target object;
a gap forming unit configured to form a gap having a predetermined distance between the bottom and the target object;
a supply port formed at the opening of the bottom in an annular shape along an inner wall surface of the housing and configured to supply the gas supplied from the gas supply unit to the target object;
an intake port provided closer to a central axis of the supply port than the supply port and configured to suck a gas containing particles on the target object by suction of the suction pump;
cylindrical member disposed along a central axis of the supply port;a partition plate configured to partition a gas supplied to the supply port and a gas sucked from the intake port;a first flow path, through which a gas supplied from an outside of the housing flows toward the supply port, formed between an inner wall surface of the housing and an outer wall surface of the partition plate, the first flow path having a ceiling that is gradually decreased while rotating about the central axis of the supply port in a direction in which the gas supplied from the outside of the housing flows; and
a second flow path, through which the gas sucked from the intake port flows toward the outside of the housing, formed between an inner wall surface of the partition plate and an outer wall surface of the cylindrical member, the second flow path having a ceiling that is gradually increased while rotating about the cylindrical member in a direction in which the gas sucked from the intake port flows.

US Pat. No. 10,768,088

PHOTO-THERMAL INTERFEROMETER

Volumen d.o.o., Ljubljan...

1. A photo-thermal interferometer for measuring the light absorption of an aerosol or gas, comprisinga first laser source emitting a laser beam,
a beam splitter adapted to divide the laser beam into a probe beam and a reference beam,
at least one first optical element which is adapted to direct the probe beam such that it passes through the aerosol or gas and interferes with the reference beam thereafter thereby causing interference patterns,
a detector for detecting the interference patterns,
a second laser source configured to emit a pump beam for transferring energy to the aerosol or gas and
second optical elements adapted to direct the pump beam such that it overlaps with the probe beam at least partially in the aerosol or gas,
characterized in that at least one of the second optical elements modifying the pump beam is an axicon.

US Pat. No. 10,768,087

COUNTING COMPARTMENT AND METHOD FOR SAMPLE ANALYSIS

MINITUB GMBH, Tiefenbach...

1. A flow-through counting compartment for analyzing samples comprising cells or particles,said counting compartment comprising:
(1) a lid or top part comprising a top measurement window;
(2) a bottom part comprising a bottom measurement window; and
(3) at least two different depths provided by the bottom and top measurement windows,
wherein the bottom and/or top measurement window comprises one or more steps.

US Pat. No. 10,768,086

METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE AVERAGE PARTICLE SIZE OF PARTICLES WHICH ARE SUSPENDED IN A LIQUID AND FLOWING MEDIUM, BY MEANS OF DYNAMIC LIGHT SCATTERING, AND A DEVICE THEREFORE

1. A method for determining the average particle size of particles which are suspended in a liquid and flowing medium, via dynamic light scattering, comprising the stepsa) conducting a liquid medium with specific viscosity and specific refractive index, which comprises particles in suspended form, in a laminar flow through a throughflow cuvette along a flow direction;
b) radiation of laser light of a specific wavelength in a radiation direction onto the liquid medium via a laser, a collimator being disposed between the laser and the throughflow cuvette;
c) measuring the temperature of the liquid medium;
d) measuring the intensity of scattered laser light, via a detector, in the form of images, the detector being disposed perpendicular to the flow direction and at a specific angle of 10° to <180° relative to the radiation direction, and the detector
i) comprising a beam splitter which deflects the scattered laser light onto a first and a second light-sensitive sensor, the two sensors being suitable for detecting images with respectively a specific number of pixels, and the two sensors being configured such that they detect scattered laser light alternatingly with a specific delay time as image; or
ii) comprising a camera which has a light-sensitive sensor surface and which is suitable for detecting images with respectively a specific number of pixels, the sensor surface being configured such that it detects scattered laser light with a specific delay time between two successive images as image; and
e) transmitting the images measured at the detector to a data processing device, the data processing device implementing the following steps:
1) standardising the measured images so that the measured intensity of the laser light obtains the same average and the same standard deviation in the case of all images;
2) determining an offset and an angle of rotation of a pattern on at least a partial region of a first image relative to a pattern on at least a partial region of a second image following temporally thereafter and using this information in order to make the patterns of the two images congruent;
3) subdividing the congruent images respectively into many individual partial areas with respectively a specific number of pixels and averaging the brightness values of the pixels of the many individual partial areas; and
4) correlating the averaged brightness values of the pixels of the many individual partial areas of the first image with the averaged brightness values of the pixels of the many individual congruent partial areas of the second image, a correlation value being produced for each pair of congruent partial areas of the two images;
5) averaging over all obtained correlation values to form an average correlation value for the two images;characterised in that steps c) to d) are implemented with at least a first and a second, different from the first, delay time, an autocorrelation function is indicated from the hereby respectively obtained, averaged correlation values, and the average particle size is determined by means of the autocorrelation function, the measured temperature of the liquid medium, the viscosity and the refractive index of the liquid medium, the wavelength of the laser light and the angle of the detector.

US Pat. No. 10,768,085

RESONANTLY-DRIVEN DROP CONTACT-LINE MOBILITY MEASUREMENT

CORNELL UNIVERSITY, Itha...

1. A system for measuring contact-line mobility of a liquid on a solid substrate, wherein said system comprises:(a) a motion-generation component comprising an actuator and a controller, wherein:
(i) said actuator adapted to mount a solid substrate, and effective to impart periodic forcing to the solid substrate when a test droplet of the liquid is deposited thereon; and
(ii) said controller is adapted to tune frequency and amplitude of the forcing to induce measurable contact-line displacement of the test droplet on the solid substrate;
(b) a motion-measurement component comprising an image acquisition device adapted for capturing images of the test droplet deposited on the solid substrate before, during or after the forcing imparted by the actuator, said image acquisition device having requisite spatial and temporal resolution to enable acquisition of image data of the test droplet comprising contact-line displacement, contact-line speed, and contact angle at or near contact-line; and
(c) a computer component adapted to receive and analyze the image data from the motion-measurement component effective to measure the contact-line mobility of the test droplet, wherein the computer component is configured to determine a dimensionless parameter of contact-line mobility of the liquid from the image data, wherein said dimensionless contact-line mobility parameter is Contact-Line Drag Coefficient M, wherein the Contact-Line Drag Coefficient M is determined from the image data by generating a contact-line cyclic diagram comprising a plot of ??? versus ??; wherein ?=contact line displacement, ??=contact-line speed, and ??=contact angle deviation, said contact-line cyclic diagram including an advancing loop A having a linear region A and a receding loop R having a linear region R simultaneously, wherein the Contact-Line Drag Coefficient M is a reciprocal slope of a best fit line through linear region A and linear region R.

US Pat. No. 10,768,084

ACCELERATED PAVEMENT TESTING

CSIR, (ZA)

1. An accelerated pavement testing device which comprisesa carrier; and
an array of at least five actuators carried by the carrier, wherein each actuator is configured to repeatedly apply a discrete force with a downwards component to an upper surface of a test strip of pavement, each actuator being associated with at least one force transfer element or sole configured in use to transfer said discrete force from the actuator to pavement being tested, and the actuators in the array being configured repeatedly to be actuated one actuator after the other actuator in series thereby to simulate a load exerted by a travelling wheel to said test strip of pavement and hence over time to subject the pavement to accelerated testing.

US Pat. No. 10,768,083

TEST DEVICE AND TEST METHOD OF FRACTURED ROCK MASS COLLAPSE AND ROCKFALL AND FRACTURE WATER INRUSH

SHANDONG UNIVERSITY, Jin...

1. A fractured rock mass preparation device for a fractured rock mass test, the device comprising:a template comprising an upper die, and a lower die,
a bottom support movably installed on a slide rail to which is fixed a water source loading device and to which is connected a surrounding rock pressurization device, and
a cutterhead installed on a side face of the bottom support, wherein:
the template is arranged above the bottom support, with the lower die of the template being fixed on the bottom support;
the upper die is located above the lower die;
the upper die, the lower die, and the bottom support constitute a molding cavity of a simulative rock mass;
the cutterhead is movably installed on the lower die through a guide rail which is horizontally arranged;
after a rock mass is formed, the cutterhead is configured to slide toward the rock mass to cut the rock mass to obtain a fractured rock mass;
the fractured rock mass preparation device is fixed at one end of the slide rail, the other end of the slide rail is fixed to the water source loading device, and the water source loading device comprises:
a water source;
a rock mass water storage structure having an opening, a size of the opening being adapted to a size of the fractured rock mass formed by the cutterhead; and
a water pump connected between the water source and the rock mass water storage structure; and
the surrounding rock pressurization device comprises at least one bracket movably installed on the slide rail and a pressurization structure arranged below the bracket, a space for accommodating the fractured rock mass being reserved below the pressurization structure.

US Pat. No. 10,768,082

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TESTING TRUE STRESS AND TRUE STRAIN

1. An imaging system for a true stress testing system including a force input machine for imparting a force on a specimen, the imaging system comprising:a first light source configured to project a first light beam at the specimen in a first direction;
a first camera aligned with the first light source on an opposite side of the specimen such that the first camera receives a first shadow image of the specimen; and
a computer having a processor configured to:
determine a minimum diameter of the specimen perpendicular to the first direction at a plurality of points in time over a plurality of points along the specimen such that the processor accounts for changes in position of the minimum diameter along the specimen as the specimen is subjected to the force over a period of time;
determine a true stress according to the force applied to the specimen at the point in time and the minimum diameter of the specimen perpendicular to the first direction at the point in time; and
generate an image mask to simplify analysis of the first shadow image of the specimen.

US Pat. No. 10,768,081

TEST DEVICE FOR THERMAL SIMULATION TESTER

CITIC Dicastal CO., LTD.,...

1. A test device for a thermal simulation tester, comprising an upper pressure head, a lower pressure head, side shim plates, end shim plates, fixed plates, bolts, washers and nuts, wherein the upper pressure head comprises a cylindrical portion and a flat portion, and a plane of the cylindrical portion is connected to a top side of the flat portion; the lower pressure head comprises a cylindrical portion and a flat portion, and a plane of the cylindrical portion is connected to a top side of the flat portion; the upper pressure head and the lower pressure head are placed oppositely, and a sample space is reserved between bottoms of the respective flat portions; the fixed plates are respectively arranged outside two sides of the flat portions of the upper pressure head and the lower pressure head; the fixed plates are provided with grooves at upper ends and lower ends respectively; the end shim plates are respectively arranged between the flat portions of the upper pressure head and the lower pressure head and the grooves of the fixed plates; and the fixed plates are provided with through holes and fixed by the bolts and the nuts,wherein two end faces of the flat portions of the upper pressure head and the lower pressure head are provided with strip grooves perpendicular to bottom surfaces of the cylindrical portions, and in the strip grooves, the side shim plates are arranged between the flat portions and the fixed plates.

US Pat. No. 10,768,078

SAMPLE PROCESSING IMPROVEMENTS FOR QUANTITATIVE MICROSCOPY

Alentic Microscience Inc....

1. A method comprising:placing a fluid sample on a surface of a contact optical microscopy sensor, the fluid sample comprising particulate matter that includes an analyte to be measured, the analyte having a distinctive absorption spectrum;
forming a film of the fluid sample between a transparent chamber lid and the surface of the contact optical microscopy sensor by moving the transparent chamber lid to a predetermined distance from the surface of the contact optical microscopy sensor, the distance determined by a spacer, the moving of the transparent lid to the predetermined distance causing the particulate matter of the fluid sample to be compressed into a shape to provide a uniform path length for light passing through the particulate matter;
acquiring one or more images of the fluid sample based on illuminating at least a portion of the film of the fluid sample using light of a predetermined wavelength,
processing the acquired one or more images of the fluid sample; and
determining a mean amount of the analyte based on the processing of the one or more images of the fluid sample by a processor.

US Pat. No. 10,768,077

SEMI-DRY TYPE METHOD FOR AUTOMATICALLY SAMPLING PM2.5 PARTICLES

JUSUN INSTRUMENTS CO., LT...

1. A semi-dry type method for automatically sampling PM2.5 particles which utilizes an automatic sampling system, the automatic sampling system comprising:a main controller,
a first high voltage power supply,
a second high voltage power supply,
a mass flow controller,
a syringe pump assembly,
a water sample analyzer, and
a semi-dry type electrostatic sampler,
the main controller being signally connected to the first high voltage power supply, the second high voltage power supply, the mass flow controller and the syringe pump assembly,
the syringe pump assembly comprising:
at least one water injecting syringe,
a sampling syringe, and
a plurality of injecting pumps,
the injecting pumps being adapted to pump water into the water injecting syringes and the sampling syringe and to injecting water from the water injecting syringes and the sampling syringe, respectively;
the semi-dry type electrostatic sampler comprising:
a main body, having an aerosol inlet on a top side,
an aerosol outlet on a bottom side,
a water outlet on the bottom side,
a cylinder wall, and
at least one water injecting opening formed on the cylinder wall,
the cylinder wall defining a particle charging area communicating with the aerosol inlet, the cylinder wall defining a particle collecting area communicating with the aerosol outlet, the at least one water injecting opening being communicated with the particle charging area, the particle collecting area being communicated with and located downstream of the particle charging area, the cylinder wall being made of conductive material, the at least one water injecting opening being communicated with the at least one water injecting syringe, the water outlet being communicated with the sampling syringe;
a discharge electrode, disposed in the particle charging area and located below the aerosol inlet, the discharge electrode having at least one carbon fiber brush for corona discharge, the carbon fiber brush having a plurality of carbon fiber strips, the discharge electrode being electrically connected to the first high voltage power supply; and
a conductive rod, disposed in the particle collecting area, the conductive rod being electrically connected to the second high voltage power supply;
wherein, the semi-dry type method for automatically sampling PM2.5 particles comprises the following steps:
sample collecting: introducing PM2.5 aerosol into the particle charging area and the particle collecting area via the aerosol inlet, in which a flow rate of the PM2.5 aerosol is regulated by the mass flow controller; providing high voltage power using the first high voltage power supply to the discharge electrode in a manner that the at least one carbon fiber brush discharges corona and thus charges PM2.5 particles in the PM2.5 aerosol; providing high voltage power using the second high voltage power supply to the conductive rod to form an electric field between the conductive rod and the cylinder wall in a manner that at least a part of the charged PM2.5 particles are attached to the cylinder wall;
semi-dry type electrostatic sampler shutting down: stopping introducing the PM2.5 aerosol into the particle charging area and the particle collecting area, ceasing the first and second high voltage power supplies;
water sampling: using at least one of the injecting pumps to inject deionized water from the at least one water injecting syringe into the main body via the at least one water injecting opening in a manner that the PM2.5 particles attached on the cylinder wall are dislodged and a water sample is generated; using another injecting pump to pump the water sample from the main body into the sampling syringe via the water outlet;
water sample analyzing: using the injecting pump to inject the water sample from the sampling syringe into the water sample analyzer.

US Pat. No. 10,768,076

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MONITORING MANUFACTURING

Sight Machine, Inc., San...

1. A computer-implemented method for monitoring manufacturing, comprising:receiving, from computer memory using one or more processors, raw data provided by a data source, the raw data associated with a manufacturing process;
generating, using the one or more processors, a manufacturing data packet that includes at least a portion of the raw data, wherein generating the manufacturing data packet includes:
associating, in the computer memory, metadata with the raw data; and
associating, in the computer memory, a timestamp with the raw data, wherein the timestamp is synchronized to a common reference time;
obtaining, from the computer memory using the one or more processors, a data model associated with the manufacturing data packet, wherein the data model includes one or more predefined data types stored in the computer memory and one or more predefined data fields stored in the computer memory;
determining, using the one or more processors, a first data type from the one or more predefined data types based at least in part on characteristics of the raw data;
determining, using the one or more processors, an algorithm based at least in part on the first data type;
processing, using the one or more processors, the manufacturing data packet according to the algorithm to produce an output;
associating, in the computer memory, the raw data with the first data type of the data model;
associating, in the computer memory, the output with a data field of the first data type of the data model; and
reconfiguring, using the one or more processors, the manufacturing process based on analysis of the generated manufacturing data racket.

US Pat. No. 10,768,075

RACK DISTURBANCE TEST FOR DETERMINING THE FREQUENCY RESPONSE OF AN ELECTRIC POWER STEERING SYSTEM

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method of determining a frequency response of a power steering system including a steering assist motor configured to generate an assist torque about an axis of a steering shaft when activated, the method comprising:transmitting, by a controller, a commanded steering angle to a rotary actuator connected to the steering shaft;
in response to receiving the commanded steering angle, actuating the rotary actuator to the commanded steering angle, wherein the rotary actuator maintains position by exerting a steering wheel torque and the steering shaft is connected to the rotary actuator by a compliant torsion bar and inertial wheel;
transmitting, by the controller, a rack disturbance force control signal to at least one actuator, wherein the at least one actuator is coupled to a rack and configured to apply a rack disturbance force on the rack in a substantially linear direction;
in response to receiving the rack disturbance force control signal, generating a first frequency sweep and a second frequency sweep by the at least one actuator, wherein the steering assist motor is deactivated during the first frequency sweep and activated during the second frequency sweep;
monitoring, by the controller, a torque transducer that measures a steering output torque of the steering shaft experienced during the first frequency sweep and the second frequency sweep; and
determining, by the controller, a transfer function based on the steering output torque monitored during the first frequency sweep and the second frequency sweep, wherein the transfer function indicates the frequency response by the power steering system.

US Pat. No. 10,768,074

VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR SUSPENSION SPRING DEGRADATION DETECTION AND FAULT TOLERANT TIRE FORCE ESTIMATION

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of diagnosing a spring of a suspension system of a vehicle having an active aerodynamic system, the method comprising:sensing at least one vehicle handling characteristic during operation of the vehicle with the active aerodynamic system disengaged, with a vehicle mounted sensor;
calculating a first spring force estimated value from the at least one vehicle handling characteristic, with a computing device;
calculating a second spring force estimated value from a nominal spring characteristic curve, with the computing device;
comparing a difference between the first spring force estimated value and the second spring force estimated value to a spring threshold value, to determine if the difference is less than the spring threshold value or if the difference is equal to or greater than the spring threshold value; and
activating a signal, with the computing device, to provide a service recommendation when the difference between the first spring force estimated value and the second spring force estimated value is equal to or greater than the spring threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,768,073

METHOD FOR PERFORMING A TEST WITH A TEST SPECIMEN ON A TEST BENCH

AVL LIST GmbH, Graz (AT)...

1. A method for constructing a test for carrying out a test run for a test specimen on a test bench, in order to examine the test specimen with respect to a target variable, comprising:performing a prespecified output test in the form of a time sequence of driving maneuvers on the test bench with the test specimen;
measuring the target variable during the prespecified output test;
dividing the measured target variable resulting from the prespecified output test into test segments;
checking each test segment for target-variable-critical relevance by a predetermined target variable relevance criterion;
including a driving maneuver or driving maneuver segment assigned to a test segment in the test if the target-variable-critical relevance of the test segment is satisfied.

US Pat. No. 10,768,072

DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEM FOR CONDITION-BASED MAINTENANCE

Simmonds Precision Produc...

1. A data acquisition system for monitoring one or more components of a machine having a plurality of separate components, the data acquisition system comprising:a plurality of separate sensor modules, each of the plurality of separate sensor modules being associated with a separate respective component of the plurality of separate components of the machine, each of the plurality of separate components of the machine having a useful life, and including:
a sensor, configured to:
detect a parameter of the separate respective component; and
to provide sensor data based on the detected parameter; and
an interface module coupled to the sensor and configured to:
receive the sensor data from the sensor; and
generate module output data based on the received sensor data, the module output data comprising a representation of a condition of the separate respective component based on the received sensor data;
a server; and
a data bus, configured to:
couple the plurality of separate sensor modules to the server; and
allow transmission of the module output data from each of the plurality of separate sensor modules to the server;
wherein the server is configured to provide a time estimate of remaining useful life of at least one of the separate respective components of the machine at various points throughout the useful life of the at least one of the separate respective components of the machine.

US Pat. No. 10,768,071

TESTING MACHINE FOR ACCURATELY CONTROLLING LOOSENESS OF TRANSVERSE LOAD

DALIAN UNIVERSITY OF TECH...

1. A testing machine for accurately controlling looseness of transverse load, wherein the testing machine for accurately controlling the looseness of the transverse load comprising a load transfer part and a load control part;the load transfer part comprises a frame structural member (1), a displacement sensor support frame (2), a current vortex displacement sensor (3), a connecting plate (4), a pin (5), a limiting plate (6), a first support frame (7-1), a second support frame (7-2), an S-shaped column type displacement sensor (8), an elastic rod (9), a first linear bearing (10-1), a second linear bearing (10-2), a T-groove guide rail (22), a short-head threaded rod (23), a long-head threaded rod (24), a base station (26), a rotatable rod (27), a round cushion (28), a spacer type pressure sensor (29), a sleeve (30) and a specimen bolt (31); two support frames and the frame structural member (1) are fixed to the base station (26); the two support flames are coaxial and are spaced by a certain distance; the frame structural member (1) is located at one side of the two support frames; the T-groove guide rail (22) penetrates through the first linear bearing (10-1); the first linear bearing (10-1) is fixed to the first support frame (7-1); the T-groove guide rail (22) is tenoned with one end of the elastic rod (9); the other end of the elastic rod (9) is tenoned with the short-head threaded rod (23); the short-head threaded rod (23) is in thread fit with one end of the S-shaped column type displacement sensor (8); the other end of the S-shaped column type displacement sensor (8) is in thread fit with the long-head threaded rod (24); the long-head threaded rod (24) penetrates through the second linear bearing (10-2); the second linear bearing (10-2) is fixed to the second support frame (7-2); the long-head threaded rod (24) is tenoned with the rotatable rod (27); the rotatable rod (27) is placed in a U-groove of the connecting plate (4) and is limited through the limiting plate (6); the connecting plate (4) is placed on an upper stair of the frame structural member (1); the displacement sensor support frame (2) is fixed to a lower stair of the frame structural member (1); the current vortex displacement sensor (3) is fixed to the displacement sensor support frame (2); the plane of the frame structural member (1) is in a stair type;
a through hole is formed in the connecting plate (4); the round cushion (28) is in interference fit with the through hole; a stepped hole is formed in the plane of the frame structural member (1); the stepped hole is coaxial with the through hole; the spacer type pressure sensor (29) is placed in the stepped hole; the sleeve (30) penetrates through the spacer type pressure sensor (29); the specimen bolt (31) penetrates through the stepped hole and the through hole successively and is fixed;
the load control part comprises a load generating motor (11), an eccentric coupling (12), dual brackets (13), slide blocks (14), guide rails (15), a screw rod (16), a load control motor (17), a slide table (18), a stress frame (19), a rocking bar (20) and a shaft (21); the stress frame (19) is composed of a transverse bracket, a longitudinal bracket and a base; the stress frame (19) is fixed to the base station (26) through the base; one end of the screw rod (16) penetrates through the transverse bracket, and is connected with the load control motor (17); the load control motor (17) is fixed to the longitudinal bracket; the other end of the screw rod (16) is fixed to the base; the slide table (18) is connected with a ball screw rod structure of the screw rod (16) together; two guide rails (15) are fixed to the longitudinal bracket; two slide blocks (14) are sheathed on the guide rails (15); dual brackets (13) are composed of two side plates and a bottom plate; the bottom plate is fixed to the two slide blocks (14) and the slide table (18); the shaft (21) penetrates through the two side plates of dual brackets (13) and is fixed; one end of the rocking bar (20) is a round sleeve structure; the other end is provided with a notch and a T type lug boss; the through hole of the rocking bar (20) penetrates through the shaft (21) and is located between the two side plates; the load generating motor (11) is fixed to the base station (26); one end of the eccentric coupling (12) is connected with an output shaft of the load generating motor (11); the other end of the eccentric coupling (12) is limited to the notch of the rocking bar (20); and the T type lug boss of the rocking bar (20) is matched with the T-groove guide rail (22).

US Pat. No. 10,768,070

METHOD OF DETERMINING THE HEIGHT OF THE GRAVITY CENTER OF A VEHICLE

VOLVO TRUCK CORPORATION, ...

1. Method of determination of the height of the gravity center HG (HGr, Hg, HGst) of a vehicle, or an element of the vehicle, wherein 3 reference points Pa, Pb and Pc are predetermined, the method comprising the steps of:a) determining the tangential forces TAn (TAax, TAbx, TAcx) at all the axles An (Aa, Ab, Ac) of the vehicle, during a first acceleration phase,
b) deducing from the tangential forces TAn (TAax, TAbx, TAcx) determined in step a) the corresponding normal forces NAn (NAax, NAbx, NAcx) during the first acceleration phase,
c) determining the normal force NPb at one of the predetermined reference points Pb, during a first acceleration phase, using the values determined in steps a) and b),
d) repeating steps a), b), and c) at least once during a second acceleration phase, distinct from the first acceleration phase, and
deducing from the preceding steps a), b), c) and d) the height of the gravity center HG (HGr, Hg, HGst) of the vehicle, or an element of the vehicle, by computing the normal forces NPa, NPb and NPc at the 3 predetermined reference points Pa, Pb and Pc, using an algorithm wherein in step a) the tangential forces TAn are determined according to the formula (1): TAnx=Q·VAnx+FAnx (1) wherein:
TAnx denotes the tangential force at an axle An during a braking period x,
Q denotes the brake factor,
VAnx denotes the braking pressure applied at an axle An during a braking period x, and
FAnx denotes the driving force applied at an axle An during a braking period x.

US Pat. No. 10,768,069

PRESSURE MEASURING DEVICE FOR PROTECTION OF PRESSURE SENSOR FROM THERMOMECHANICAL STRESS

1. Pressure measuring device, having:a carrier made of a metal; a base connected to said carrier;
a centering device for centering said base;
a pressure sensor mounted on said base wherein a bottom base surface of said pressure sensor is larger than a top base surface of said base, wherein the pressure sensor is mounted onto the top base surface of said base, wherein:
a recess is provided in said carrier;
said recess has a floor surface;
an end, oriented away from said pressure sensor, of said base is glued into said recess in said carrier by means of an adhesive bond;
a bottom base surface of said base is placed on said floor surface of said recess;
said centering device is formed by an inner side surface of said recess, said inner side surface of said recess tapering towards said floor surface of said recess, such that a base area of said recess at said floor surface corresponds to a base area of said bottom base surface of said base; and
said adhesive bond between said carrier and said base extends over an external jacket surface of the end of said base running in said recess, the end of said base is placed on the floor surface of said recess.

US Pat. No. 10,768,068

PRESSURE SCANNER ASSEMBLIES HAVING REPLACEABLE SENSOR PLATES

Kulite Semiconductor Prod...

1. A pressure scanner assembly comprising:a plurality of replaceable plates, each replaceable plate of the plurality of replaceable plates comprising a surface, the surface having disposed thereon:
a plurality of sensors configured to obtain data indicative of two environmental conditions in an environment, each sensor of the plurality of sensors configured to obtain data indicative of a first environmental condition of the two environmental conditions within a first range and a second environmental condition of the two environmental conditions within a second range;
a multiplexer in electrical communication with each of the plurality of sensors, and configured to use binary addressing to select data indicative of an environmental condition from a particular sensor in the plurality of sensors;
an analog-to-digital converter in electrical communication with the multiplexer and configured to (i) receive, from the multiplexer, the selected data indicative of the environmental condition and (ii) convert the selected data indicative of the environmental condition to a digital signal indicative of pressure sensor data;
a memory chip configured to store a plurality of coefficients, each coefficient corresponding to a particular sensor of the plurality of sensors, and each coefficient configured to (i) correct errors associated with its respective sensor and (ii) correlate data indicative of an environmental condition, as measured by its respective sensor, by using gain and offset particular to the respective sensor to convert the data indicative of the environmental condition, as measured by its respective sensor, to actual environmental condition readings; and
a central processor located within the pressure scanner assembly and configured to (i) receive, from each analog-to-digital converter, selected pressure sensor data indicative of an environmental condition as obtained by a particular sensor of the plurality of sensors on a particular replaceable plate, and (ii) retrieve, from the memory chip on the particular replaceable plate, a correction coefficient corresponding to the particular sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,768,067

LID WITH EMBEDDED WATER DETECTION AND HEATER

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An apparatus with embedded water detection and heater, the apparatus comprising:a substrate including a plurality of conductive traces;
a lid including a plurality of electrodes, each electrode being coupled to at least one of the plurality of conductive traces through vias;
a sensor placed inside a cavity of the lid and electrically coupled to one or more conductive traces of the plurality of conductive traces; and
a gel at least partially filling the lid to cover the sensor,
wherein a presence of water on the apparatus is detected by measuring a dielectric permittivity between at least two of the plurality of electrodes, and
the plurality of electrodes are configured to eliminate the water via heat generation.

US Pat. No. 10,768,066

PIEZOELECTRIC SENSOR INCLUDING OVERLAPPING CUTOUT SECTIONS IN A SIGNAL ELECTRODE, A FIRST GROUND ELECTRODE, AND A SECOND ELECTRODE

SEKISUI CHEMICAL CO., LTD...

1. A piezoelectric sensor comprising:a piezoelectric sheet;
a first ground electrode integrally laminated on a first side of the piezoelectric sheet and having a first cutout section;
a signal electrode integrally laminated on a second side of the piezoelectric sheet and having a third cutout section; and
a second ground electrode integrally laminated on the signal electrode so as to be electrically insulated from the signal electrode and having a second cutout section, wherein
the cutout sections of the signal electrode, the first ground electrode, and the second ground electrode are at least partially overlapped with one another in a thickness direction of the piezoelectric sheet, and
a portion of the piezoelectric sheet exposed through a portion where the cutout sections of the signal electrode, the first ground electrode, and the second ground electrode are overlapped with one another in the thickness direction of the piezoelectric sheet serves as an exposed section, wherein:
the second ground electrode is integrally laminated on the second side of the piezoelectric sheet by adhesively integrating a second ground electrode sheet, formed by integrally laminating a second electrical insulation sheet, the second ground electrode, and a second fixative layer with one another in this order, with the second side of the piezoelectric sheet by the second fixative layer;
the signal electrode is integrally laminated on the signal electrode by adhesively integrating a signal electrode sheet, formed by integrally laminating a third electrical insulation sheet, the signal electrode, and a third fixative layer with one another in this order, with the second ground electrode sheet by the third fixative layer; and
a fourth electrical insulation sheet is interposed between the signal electrode sheet and the second ground electrode sheet in a portion where an end face of the signal electrode sheet intersects with an end face of the second ground electrode sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,768,065

MEMS PRESSURE SENSOR

MEI Micro, Inc., Addison...

1. A MEMS pressure sensor comprising:a MEMS silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafer being electrically conductive and having first and second opposite sides, the MEMS SOI wafer comprising a device layer, a handle layer, and an insulating layer, the insulating layer separating the device layer from the handle layer, the MEMS SOI wafer having formed therein a frame and a membrane, the frame defining at least one cavity, the membrane being formed in the device layer and suspended by the frame over said at least one cavity on the first side of the MEMS SOI wafer;
a top cap semiconductor wafer being electrically conductive and having inner and outer sides, the top cap semiconductor wafer being bonded on its inner side to the first side of the MEMS SOI wafer, the inner side of the top cap semiconductor wafer having at least one recess defining, with the membrane, at least one capacitance gap, the top cap semiconductor wafer having formed therein at least one top cap electrode located over the membrane and forming, together with the membrane, at least one capacitor to detect a deflection of the membrane;
at least a first electrical contact and a second electrical contact are provided on the top cap semiconductor wafer, the first electrical contact being connected to one of said at least one top cap electrode and the second electrical contact being connected to the membrane by way of an insulated conducting pathway extending from the device layer that includes a deflecting portion of the membrane and through the top cap semiconductor wafer;
a bottom cap semiconductor wafer having inner and outer sides, the bottom cap semiconductor wafer being bonded on its inner side to the second side of the MEMS SOI wafer and enclosing the at least one cavity;
a vent provided in at least one of the top cap semiconductor wafer, bottom cap semiconductor wafer and MEMS SOI wafer, the vent extending from outside of the MEMS pressure sensor into one of said at least one cavity and said at least one capacitance gap; and
at least one SOI conducting shunt extending through the insulating layer and electrically connecting the device and handle layers, one of said at least one SOI conducting shunt forming part of the insulated conducting pathway connecting the membrane to the second electrical contact of the top cap semiconductor wafer.

US Pat. No. 10,768,064

MEMS PRESSURE GAUGE SENSOR AND MANUFACTURING METHOD

CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENC...

1. A pressure sensor comprising:a chamber;
a MEMS pressure sensor die provided within said chamber, said pressure sensor die including a handle, a device layer and a cap all connected together;
a first silicon oxide layer formed between said handle and said device layer;
a second silicon oxide layer formed between said device layer and said cap;
a handle recess formed on said handle;
a cap recess formed on said cap, said handle recess and said cap recess are connected to form a cavity;
said device layer, which is provided within said cavity, further includes a bridge having a first plurality of piezoresistive sensing elements formed on said bridge, and a cantilever having a second plurality of piezoresistive sensing elements formed on said cantilever, each of said piezoresistive sensing elements having a silicon oxide insulating layer formed on a top, a bottom and along sides thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,768,063

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR USING PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS TO ENSURE SECUREMENT OF ENCLOSURES

Pony AI Inc., Grand Caym...

1. A method for securing an enclosure to a vehicle comprising:translating the enclosure to a location on a fixture of the vehicle, wherein the enclosure includes one or more piezoelectric sensors disposed underneath one or more respective mounting points of the enclosure;
initializing the one or more piezoelectric sensors to an initial value; and
measuring values from the respective one or more piezoelectric sensors as the enclosure is being secured to the fixture by one or more mechanical coupling devices at the one or more respective mounting points;
converting the measured values from the one or more piezoelectric sensors into corresponding torque values; and
emitting a notification when a measured value reaches a value corresponding to a desired torque value.

US Pat. No. 10,768,062

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR COMPONENT WEAR MONITORING

REI, Inc., Salt Lake Cit...

1. A roller condition monitor, comprising:a frame coupled to an inside of a roller, where the roller comprising an idler roller;
a circuit board assembly disposed in the frame;
a sensor coupled to the circuit board assembly, the sensor adapted to monitor parameters associated with wear of the roller;
a recessed antenna electrically coupled to the circuit board assembly and extending rearwardly from the frame, the recessed antenna being received into a slot formed in an inner surface of the roller; and
a power source electrically coupled to the recessed antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,768,061

OPTICAL SENSOR HAVING ?-PHASE SHIFTED BRAGG GRATING AND OPTICAL SENSING SYSTEM USING SAME

FIBOS INC., Toronto (CA)...

1. An optical sensor comprising a frame having a deformable member mounted to the frame, and a sensing optical fiber being fixedly attached to a portion of the deformable member, the sensing optical fiber having at least one ?phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating inscribed thereon, the at least one ?phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating being birefringence-free and having a filter function exhibiting a single resonance peak, the at least one ?phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating of the sensing optical fiber deforming together with the deformable member when the frame is subjected to a force.

US Pat. No. 10,768,060

OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE SYSTEM FOR 2-DIMENSIONAL LOCATION SENSING

Technische Universiteit E...

1. An optical waveguide pressure sensor array comprising:two or more row optical waveguides;
two or more column optical waveguides, wherein the row optical waveguides and the column optical waveguides are arranged in a planar array to define crossing sensors, wherein each crossing sensor includes one of the row waveguides in contact with one of the column waveguides at an intersection point;
wherein each crossing sensor further includes a mechanical structure configured to enhance waveguide bending when pressure is applied to the crossing sensor;
wherein the optical waveguide pressure sensor array is configured to sense pressure by providing light to the row optical waveguides and measuring light coupled to the column optical waveguides, or vice versa;
wherein the mechanical structure includes a first rigid ring disposed in contact with one of the row or column optical waveguides;
wherein a hole of the first rigid ring laterally encloses the intersection point of the crossing sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,768,059

EMBEDDED OPTICAL PROBE FOR GAS TURBINE ENGINE

RAYTHEON TECHNOLOGIES COR...

1. An optical probe for a gas turbine engine comprising:a housing;
a plurality of optical fibers, a portion of each of the optical fibers secured to fiber holders;
an optical head disposed within the housing and having channels extending in a longitudinal direction of the optical head, the fiber holders disposed within the channels;
a cap disposed within the housing and operatively coupled to the optical head, the plurality of optical fibers extending through the cap;
an inner tube operatively coupled to the cap, the plurality of fibers extending through the inner tube; and
an outer tube surrounding a portion of the inner tube to define an annulus therebetween, that allows for cooling air to be routed therethrough or to purge the interior of the housing, the outer tube operatively coupled to the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,768,058

MAGNETIC NANOCOMPOSITE SENSOR

KING ABDULLAH UNIVERSITY ...

1. A magnetic nanocomposite device comprising:a flexible substrate;
a set of nanocomposite pillars having magnetic nanowires embedded therein in a composite material, the magnetic nanowires creating a stray field; and
a flexible magnetic sensor disposed on the substrate, the magnetic sensor configured to detect the stray field created by the magnetic nanowires, wherein
the set of nanocomposite pillars are directly located, with a first end, on a face of the magnetic sensor, and a second end, opposite the first end, of the pillars is free to move for detecting a force applied to the second end.