US Pat. No. 10,655,720

ELECTRONIC LIMITED SLIP DIFFERENTIAL

EatON Corporation, Cleve...

1. An electronic limited slip differential system comprising: an axle housing defining an inner chamber;a differential assembly disposed within the inner chamber; and a hydraulic control unit (HCU) coupled directly to a top of the axle housing such that the HCU is mounted on a top of the differential assembly,
wherein the top of the axle housing defines a mounting pad configured to receive a housing mounting structure of the HCU,
wherein the HCU includes a housing having an accumulator portion, a housing manifold portion, and a motor portion;
wherein the housing manifold portion includes a plurality of receiving bores configured to align with a plurality of mounting bores defined in the mounting pad, and a plurality of fasteners extend through the aligned receiving bores and mounting bores to couple the housing manifold portion to the mounting pad.

US Pat. No. 10,655,719

ELECTRIC DEVICE WITH TORQUE VECTORING FUNCTION

1. An electric differential with a torque vectoring function, comprising:a main drive mechanism arranged on one side of a differential, wherein an output end of the main drive mechanism is connected with a differential housing for transferring rotating power to the differential housing to drive a vehicle to run;
a TV control drive mechanism arranged on the other side of the differential for outputting torque vectoring control power;
a first single-row planetary gear train including a first sun gear, a first planetary gear, a first planet carrier and a first gear ring, wherein the first sun gear is coaxially and fixedly connected with a first half shaft, and the first gear ring is connected with an output end of the TV control drive mechanism;
a second single-row planetary gear train including a second sun gear, a second planetary gear, a second planet carrier and a second gear ring, wherein the second gear ring is fixed to a drive axle housing, the second planet carrier is fixedly connected with the first planet carrier, and the second sun gear is rotatably supported on the first half shaft; and
a third single-row planetary gear train including a third sun gear, a third planetary gear, a third planet carrier and a third gear ring, wherein the third sun gear is coaxially and fixedly connected with the first half shaft, the third gear ring is fixedly connected with the second sun gear, and the third planet carrier is fixedly connected with the differential housing, wherein
the second single-row planetary gear train and the first single-row planetary gear train have a same diameter.

US Pat. No. 10,655,718

POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM OF VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A power transmission system of a vehicle, the power transmission system comprising:a continuously variable transmission device having a primary pulley and a secondary pulley that are interconnected by a belt to continuously vary a pulley ratio therebetween;
a planetary gear set having a first rotation element, a second rotation element engaged with the first rotation element, and a third rotation element engaged with the second rotation element;
a first shaft fixedly connected to an engine output side of an engine and fixedly connected to the primary pulley;
a second shaft fixedly connected to the secondary pulley;
a third shaft fixedly connected to the first rotation element;
a fourth shaft fixedly connected to the second rotation element and selectively connectable to the first shaft and a transmission housing;
a fifth shaft fixedly connected to the third rotation element;
a sixth shaft gear-meshed with the second shaft;
a seventh shaft gear-meshed with the third shaft and selectively connectable to the sixth shaft; and
a plurality of engagement elements, each disposed between at least a corresponding pair of the first to seventh shafts or between the transmission housing and a corresponding shaft among the first to seventh shafts,
wherein a first portion of the first shaft is coaxially superposed with the third shaft and the fourth shaft without rotational interference therebetween, and a second portion of the first shaft is coaxially superposed with the fifth shaft without rotational interference therebetween,
wherein the second shaft, the sixth shaft, and the seventh shaft are disposed in parallel with the first shaft,
wherein the second shaft, the fifth shaft, and the sixth shaft communicate a torque through a first gear set,
wherein the third shaft and the seventh shaft communicate a torque through a second gear set,
wherein the seventh shaft and a differential communicate a torque through a third gear set.

US Pat. No. 10,655,717

ELECTRIC DRIVE AXLE ASSEMBLY AND VEHICLE HAVING THE SAME

BYD COMPANY LIMITED, She...

1. An electric drive axle assembly, comprising:an electric powertrain, comprising a power motor, a transmission, and a differential with an input end and two output ends, wherein the power motor is connected to the input end of the differential through the transmission;
an axle housing assembly, comprising an axle housing component and two half axles, wherein the two half axles and the differential are disposed in the axle housing component, and the two half axles are connected to the two output ends of the differential respectively, and the electric powertrain is installed on the axle housing component; and
a central parking module installed on the axle housing component and configured to brake the input end of the differential directly, wherein the central parking module and the electric powertrain are installed on opposite sides of the axle housing component.

US Pat. No. 10,655,715

MOTORIZED GEARBOX MECHANISM

Motus Labs, LLC, Dallas,...

1. A motorized gearbox mechanism comprising in combination:a cam assembly that is rotatable about a central axis and has a plurality of pathways formed in an outer circumferential surface;
a stator/rotor assembly contained within said cam assembly that induces said cam assembly to rotate about said central axis when energized;
an annular output gear element coaxially configured about said cam assembly, said output gear element having a first interface surface on an inner circumferential surface; and
a plurality of cam-actuated gear block assemblies spaced about the circumference of said cam assembly, wherein each gear block assembly includes
a gear block connected to said plurality of pathways and having a second interface surface;
wherein each gear block is driven through a two-dimensional circuit of movement in response to rotation of said cam assembly about said central axis, said circuit of movement comprising causing said second interface surface of said gear block to engage said first interface surface of said output gear element causing said gear block to move said output gear element a distance prior to disengaging.

US Pat. No. 10,655,714

ROTARY MOTION STRUCTURE

FIVETECH TECHNOLOGY INC.,...

1. A rotary motion structure, comprising:a limiting member having a mounting portion; and
a rotating member, rotatably provided at the limiting member and including a shaft portion, which is provided at the mounting portion;
wherein the limiting member is provided with a first limiting portion, and the rotating member is provided with a second limiting portion, and while the first limiting portion and the second limiting portion correspond to each other, the first limiting portion and the second limiting portion are interfering or buckling with each other to temporarily fix, temporarily limit, fix, or limit the rotating member, and the limiting member is provided with an engaging portion,
wherein the first limiting portion is provided with a limiting region and a guide region, which are used to guide an acting direction of the second limiting portion, and the second limiting portion is provided with a limiting region and a guide region, which are used to guide an acting direction of the first limiting portion,
wherein the first limiting portion is a protruding structure, the limiting region of the first limiting portion is a retaining wall at a side, and a bottom surface of the guide region of the first limiting portion is a curved surface adjacent to a side of the limiting region of the first limiting portion;
wherein the second limiting portion is a protruding structure, the limiting region of the second limiting portion is a retaining wall at a side, and a bottom surface of the guide region of the second limiting portion is a curved surface adjacent to a side of the limiting region of the second limiting portion;
wherein the limiting region of the second limiting portion moves or slides to the limiting region of the first limiting portion along the bottom surface of the guide region of the first limiting portion, and the limiting region of the first limiting portion moves or slides along the bottom surface of the guide region of the second limiting portion;
wherein the rotating member includes a head portion, which is integrated, combined, or formed integrally with the shaft portion, and the rotating member includes an operating portion, and the rotating member includes an acting portion, in which the operating portion, the acting portion, the shaft portion, and the head portion may be formed integrally or assembled together, and the rotating member includes an abutting portion, which is connected to the acting portion and has a protrusion, a recess, a bevel, an arc surface, a curved surface, a step, a groove, a recessed hole, a through hole, a cylinder or a sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,655,713

DEVICE HAVING A PIVOT LEVER

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A device, comprising:a pivot lever having a first pivoting arm, a second pivoting arm and a joint which connects the first and second pivoting arms to one another, wherein
the first and second pivoting arms have end sides which lie opposite one another,
each end side is divided by way of the joint into two sections which are oriented at an obtuse angle with respect to one another, and
the first pivoting arm is connected to a linearly guided pull handle at an end which faces away from the joint.

US Pat. No. 10,655,712

LEVER MECHANISM FOR CONVERTING A MOTION FROM LINEAR TO ROTARY

AIR TORQUE S.P.A., Costa...

1. A lever mechanism for converting a motion from linear to rotary, comprising a guiding bar, a slider which slides along said guiding bar, and a lever, said lever comprising a cylindrical element and a pair of slot links which are fixed frontally on said cylindrical element and between which said slider is arranged, wherein said slider comprises at least two bushes for supporting a pivot which is adapted to act on said slot links, said at least two bushes being mutually separated by a first space which is adapted to accommodate a reserve of lubricant, said space being defined around said pivot, said pivot being arranged orthogonal to said guiding bar.

US Pat. No. 10,655,711

SINGLE ANGULAR CONTACT BALL RAMP FOR DRIVEN TURBOCHARGER

SuperTurbo Technologies, ...

8. A planetary traction drive comprising:a sun shaft;
a plurality of planet rollers that interface with said sun shaft;
a clamping ring roller and a fixed ring roller that interface with slanted traction surfaces on said plurality of planet rollers;
a ring gear positioned centrally that interfaces with said clamping ring roller through an angular contact ball ramp and with said fixed ring roller through a rigid connection, such that said angular contact hall ramp increases clamping forces in said planetary traction drive when torque through said ring gear increases, where:
said angular contact ball ramp is comprised of a plurality of balls on ball races with angled contact axes that are angled with components in both the axial and radial directions to constrain said ring gear concentrically to said clamping ring roller.

US Pat. No. 10,655,710

MULTI-MODE INFINITELY VARIABLE TRANSMISSION THAT PROVIDES SEAMLESS SHIFTING

1. A work vehicle comprising:an engine;
at least one infinitely variable power source (IVP);
an output shaft; and
an infinitely variable transmission (IVT) that includes a variator, the IVT configured to shift between a plurality of transmission modes, the IVT configured to transmit power from at least one of the engine and the IVP to the output shaft in the plurality of transmission modes;
wherein the plurality of transmission modes includes at least one serial mode and at least one split-path mode;
wherein, in the serial mode, the variator receives engine power from the engine and IVP power from the at least one IVP, and the variator outputs recombined power from the at least one IVP;
wherein, in the split-path mode, the variator receives engine power from the engine and IVP power from the at least one IVP, and the variator outputs combined power from the IVP and the engine;
wherein the IVT includes an engageable transmission member that is configured to move between an engaged position and a disengaged position;
wherein the engageable transmission member includes a first component and a second component, the first and second components being rotatably engaged in the engaged position, the first and second components being disengaged in the disengaged position;
wherein the plurality of transmission modes includes a first mode and a second mode;
wherein the IVT is configured to shift from the first mode to the second mode, at least in part, by moving the engageable transmission member from the disengaged position to the engaged position, the first and second components configured to rotate at approximately the same angular speed as the engageable transmission member moves from the disengaged position to the engaged position;
wherein the IVT is configured such that power is delivered to one of the first and second components during the first mode, before the shift from the first mode to the second mode;
wherein the engageable transmission member is a first engageable transmission member;
wherein the IVT includes a second engageable transmission member;
wherein the second engageable transmission member is in an engaged position in the first mode and a disengaged position in the second mode; and
wherein the second engageable transmission member transfers power to the one of the first and second components during the first mode.

US Pat. No. 10,655,709

PLANETARY GEAR TRAIN OF AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A planetary gear train apparatus of an automatic transmission for a vehicle, the planetary gear train apparatus comprising:an input shaft configured to receive power;
an output shaft configured to output power;
a first planetary gear set having a first rotation element, a second rotation element, and a third rotation element;
a second planetary gear set having a fourth rotation element, a fifth rotation element, and a sixth rotation element;
a third planetary gear set having a seventh rotation element, an eighth rotation element, and a ninth rotation element;
a fourth planetary gear set having a tenth rotation element, an eleventh rotation element, and a twelfth rotation element;
a fifth planetary gear set having a thirteenth rotation element, a fourteenth rotation element, and a fifteenth rotation element;
a first shaft fixedly connected to the first rotation element and to the input shaft;
a second shaft fixedly connected to the fourteenth rotation element and to the output shaft;
a third shaft fixedly connected to the third rotation element;
a fourth shaft fixedly connected to the sixth rotation element, to the eleventh rotation element, and to the fifteenth rotation element;
a fifth shaft fixedly connected to the seventh rotation element and to the thirteenth rotation element;
a sixth shaft fixedly connected to the eighth rotation element and to the twelfth rotation element;
a seventh shaft fixedly connected to the second rotation element and to the fourth rotation element;
an eighth shaft fixedly connected to the fifth rotation element and to the ninth rotation element; and
a ninth shaft fixedly connected to the tenth rotation element.

US Pat. No. 10,655,708

EPICYCLIC GEAR TRAIN, ADVANTAGEOUSLY FOR A SERVOMOTOR SYSTEM, METHOD AND SERVOMOTOR SYSTEM USING SUCH AN EPICYCLIC GEAR TRAIN

BERNARD CONTROLS, Goness...

1. An epicyclic gear train including:a case;
a gear train disposed within the case, having an axis, and comprising a plurality of planet gears, a planet carrier carrying the plurality of planet gears, a ring gear, and a sun gear,
a rotatable input member;
a rotatable output member coupled to the input member by the gear train so that rotation of the input member at an input speed rotates the output member at an output speed that has a speed ratio relative to the input speed; and
control means actuable from outside the case, for changing the speed ratio;
wherein the ring gear is rotatingly mounted in the case and the control means imposes on the ring gear a rotation speed determined to produce a first speed ratio, and secures the ring gear and the planet carrier in rotation to produce a second speed ratio, and
wherein the ring gear and the planet carrier include outer teeth and the control means comprises a pinion that is movable between a meshing position meshing with only the outer teethes of the ring gear, and a securing position securing the ring gear to the planet carrier in rotation by meshing of the outer teeth of the ring gear and the planet carrier.

US Pat. No. 10,655,707

GEARBOX FOR AGRICULTURAL AND INDUSTRIAL VEHICLES

CARRARO S.P.A., Campodar...

1. A gearbox (1) for agricultural and industrial motor vehicles comprising:an input shaft and an output shaft;
a first clutch and a second clutch, each having a pulling portion and a pulled portion, of which the respective pulling portions are connected with torsional coupling to the input shaft and the respective pulled portions are connected to a respective first and second transmission shaft, the first and second clutches being arranged in a position between the first and second transmission shafts, the first and second transmission shafts both being hollow with the input shaft coaxial and internal with respect to the first transmission shaft;
a first intermediate shaft connected to the first transmission shaft and to the output shaft by a first plurality of pairs of toothed wheels in mutual engagement and a second intermediate shaft connected to the second transmission shaft and to the output shaft by a second plurality of pairs of toothed wheels in mutual engagement, the first intermediate shaft extending coaxially inside the second intermediate shaft, which is constructed in the form of a hollow shaft;
a first engaging device capable of selectively connecting the first intermediate shaft to the output shaft by a specific pair of toothed wheels of the first plurality;
a second engaging device capable of selectively connecting the second intermediate shaft to the output shaft by a specific pair of toothed wheels of the second plurality;
a third engaging device capable of selectively connecting the second intermediate shaft to the first intermediate shaft and, in alternative, the second intermediate shaft to the output shaft;
wherein the first engaging device is coaxial with the output shaft and a toothed wheel of the first plurality of wheels is rotationally integral with respect to the second transmission shaft, the second engaging device also being coaxial with the output shaft and the third engaging device being coaxial with the first and second intermediate shafts and being interposed in an axial position between the first and second engaging devices.

US Pat. No. 10,655,706

MODIFIED PARALLEL ECCENTRIC ROTARY ACTUATOR

1. A rotary actuator, comprising:an internal gear;
first and second parallel eccentric gears which mesh with said internal gear;
a crankshaft equipped with first and second eccentrics which are 180° out-of-phase and which drive said first and second parallel eccentric gears, respectively;
a prime mover which drives said crankshaft;
first and second crosslinks which prevent the rotation of said first and second parallel eccentric gears, respectively; and
first and second sets of splines which engage said first and second parallel eccentric gears, respectively;
wherein said first and second parallel eccentric gears have circular arc gear teeth.

US Pat. No. 10,655,705

AUXILIARY ROPE KNOTTER

1. An auxiliary rope knotter comprising:an interior formed with a first through hole, a second through hole, a first locking groove and a second locking groove;
wherein:
the first through hole, the second through hole, the first locking groove and the second locking groove are parallel with each other;
in a cross-sectional face of the auxiliary rope knotter, the first through hole and the second through hole have a first center connecting line, and the first locking groove and the second locking groove have a second center connecting line;
the second center connecting line intersects the first center connecting line;
in a cross-sectional face of the first locking groove and the second locking groove, each of the first locking groove and the second locking groove has an opening which has a width smaller than a width of each of the first locking groove and the second locking groove;
each of the first through hole and the second through hole has a diameter greater than the width of each of the first locking groove and the second locking groove;
each of the first locking groove and the second locking groove is formed with a first extension wall protruding outward and a second extension wall protruding outward;
tops of the first extension wall and the second extension wall are spaced from each other through a predetermined distance and form the opening;
a rope is inserted through the opening into the first locking groove and the second locking groove; and
the first extension wall and the second extension wall press the rope to increase a friction between the rope and an inner wall of each of the first locking groove and the second locking groove.

US Pat. No. 10,655,704

GEOMETRICALLY NONLINEAR VIBRATION ISOLATION SYSTEM

National Applied Research...

1. A geometrically nonlinear vibration isolation system, comprising:a bearing platform for a vibration-isolated object disposed thereon;
an isolator connected to the bearing platform and configured to cooperate with the bearing platform for providing resilience against relative displacement in a horizontal direction between the bearing platform and the isolator; and
a damper pin-connected to the bearing platform, wherein (i) an axis of the damper is orthogonal to or oblique to the horizontal direction when no external force is applied thereto, (ii) the relative displacement in the horizontal direction between the bearing platform and the isolator induces a change in an angle between the axis of the damper and the horizontal direction, and (iii) the damper provides a damping force along a direction parallel to the axis against the relative displacement.

US Pat. No. 10,655,703

UPPER SUPPORT FOR SUSPENSION

SUMITOMO RIKO COMPANY LIM...

1. An upper support for a suspension comprising:a main body comprising an inner member and an outer tube member that are elastically connected by a main rubber elastic body;
a lower bracket including a press-fit tube part to which a lower portion of the outer tube member of the main body is secured by being press-fitted; and
an upper bracket covering an upper opening of the press-fit tube part of the lower bracket such that the main body is disposed between the lower bracket and the upper bracket, wherein
the outer tube member includes at an upper end thereof a press-fit operator projecting to either one of a radial outside and a radial inside,
an annular sealing rubber is bonded to the press-fit operator and projects to an upper side of the outer tube member, and an upper surface of the press-fit operator is partially exposed from the sealing rubber, and
the annular sealing rubber contacts the upper bracket about an entire circumference in a compressed state such that a fluid-tight sealing is provided vertically between the press-fit operator and the upper bracket by the annular sealing rubber,
the upper end of the outer tube member comprises a small-diameter tube part that is smaller in diameter than the lower portion of the outer tube member press-fitted into the press-fit tube part of the lower bracket, and
the upper bracket includes a tubular part having an upper base wall, the upper end of the outer tube member is spaced, in radial direction, from the tubular part of the upper bracket, and the annular sealing rubber contacts the upper base wall of the tubular part about the entire circumference in the compressed state such that the fluid-tight sealing is provided vertically between the press-fit operator and the upper base wall of the tubular part by the annular sealing rubber.

US Pat. No. 10,655,702

CONTROLLABLE VIBRATION DAMPER FOR MOTOR VEHICLES

THYSSENKRUPP BILSTEIN GMB...

1. A controllable vibration damper comprising:a cylinder tube that has hydraulic fluid sealed off therein, the cylinder tube having a cylinder tube axis;
a piston axially movable within the cylinder tube along the cylinder tube axis, the piston dividing the cylinder tube into two working spaces;
a piston rod aligned parallel to the cylinder tube axis and connected at one end to the piston;
first and second fluid passages extending between the two working spaces in the piston;
a first valve subassembly for damping movement of the piston in a first actuating direction, wherein the first valve subassembly is disposed on the first fluid passage;
a second valve subassembly for damping movement of the piston in a second actuating direction, wherein the second valve subassembly is disposed on the second fluid passage, wherein each of the first and second valve subassemblies comprises:
a valve disk including a single dimensionally stable cover of an elastically non-deformable, single piece construction configured to move parallel to the cylindrical axis so as to be seated on a valve seat in a closed valve position so as to cover the respective fluid passage and spaced apart from the valve seat in an open valve position, and
a pilot chamber wherein the valve disk is preloadable into the closed valve position by pressurization of the pilot chamber, wherein a pressure of the pilot chamber is adjustable,
wherein the pilot chamber of at least one of the first valve subassembly or the second valve subassembly is delimited by a base, a cylindrical side wall that is fixed relative to the base, and wherein the dimensionally stable cover is held radially within the cylindrical side wall, wherein the base and cylindrical sidewall are formed as a single piece construction, wherein an outer lateral face and an inner lateral face of at least one of the single dimensionally stable covers of elastically non-deformable, single piece construction form fluid-tight seals, with one of the fluid-tight seals being formed between the outer lateral face and the cylindrical sidewall.

US Pat. No. 10,655,701

ADJUSTABLE OSCILLATION DAMPER

ZF Friedrichshafen AG, F...

1. An adjustable vibration damper comprising:a piston movable in two opposed working directions;
at least one adjustable damping valve for each working direction;
a fluid connection between a compensation space and a working space;
a check valve for controlling said fluid connection;
said check valve having a check valve body and being hydraulically connected in parallel with said adjustable damping valve;
an intermediate tube constructed to form said fluid connection and to hold said check valve; said intermediate tube having a connection orifice to said adjustable damping valve and wherein said check valve body of said check valve is supported at least indirectly in the region of said connection orifice;
additionally comprising a connection piece forming said connection orifice and wherein said check valve body is supported at said connection piece;
wherein said check valve body outwardly encloses said connection piece; and
wherein said check valve body comprises a guide sleeve in axial overlap with said connection piece.

US Pat. No. 10,655,700

FORCE LIMITING DEVICE

GAUDET MACHINE WORKS INC....

1. A damper device comprising:a) a housing defining a chamber having an axis;
b) a first member disposed on said axis;
c) a second member displaceable along the axis towards and away from the first member and configured for receiving an external force provided by a compressive load pushing the second member towards the first member;
c) a working fluid contained within the chamber;
d) a set of plates confined along the axis within the chamber between the first member and the second member, the set of plates comprising pairs of opposing plates separated in an at rest configuration by respective inter-plate gaps filled by the working fluid and compressible towards one another under the compressive load such that at least a portion of the working fluid is forced out of the respective inter-plate gaps, the respective inter-plate gaps being restorable by a resilience force.

US Pat. No. 10,655,699

SELF-TUNED MASS DAMPER AND SYSTEM COMPRISING THE SAME

Teknologian tutkimuskesku...

1. A self-tuned mass damper comprising:an auxiliary mass and
a wire rope isolator acting as a non-linear suspension, which is configured to connect the auxiliary mass to a vibrating structure,wherein:the mass of the auxiliary mass and the stiffness of the non-linear suspension are configured to yield an appropriate natural frequency for the resulting structure,
the mass of the auxiliary mass and the stiffness of the non-linear suspension are selected such that said natural frequency is at least 10 Hz and that the amplitude of the relative displacement of the auxiliary mass in respect to the vibrating structure is at most 4 mm, and the stiffness to mass ratio is at least 4 kN/(m·kg) using static stiffness.

US Pat. No. 10,655,698

VIBRATION DAMPING DEVICE FOR VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A vibration damping device for a vehicle, comprising:a base connected to an engine;
an inertial mass, having at least a portion that includes a permanent magnet, movably mounted over the base;
an actuator including an electromagnet fixedly mounted on the base to vibrate the inertial mass in a horizontal direction of the engine based on attractive and repulsive forces which alternately act between the inertial mass and the electromagnet in the horizontal direction of the engine; and
a controller configured to regulate a current, which is applied to the electromagnet, such that vibration of the engine generated in the horizontal direction is dampened by vibration of the inertial mass generated in the horizontal direction,
wherein the base includes a protrusion part protruding toward the inertial mass in an X axial direction of the horizontal direction and a Y axial direction of the horizontal direction so that the base forms a cross shape in a horizontal cross-section,
wherein the inertial mass includes a recess part surrounding the protrusion part and configured to hinder the inertial mass to rotate around the base,
wherein the electromagnet includes a first electromagnet coupled to the protrusion part and configured such that the attractive and repulsive forces alternately act in the X axial direction, and further includes a second electromagnet coupled to the protrusion part and configured such that the attractive and repulsive forces alternately act in the Y axial direction, and
wherein the controller individually controls a current applied to the first electromagnet and a current applied to the second electromagnet, such that an angle of the attractive and repulsive forces with respect to the X axial direction and an angle of the attractive and repulsive forces with respect to the Y axial direction are varied with a vibration aspect of the engine.

US Pat. No. 10,655,697

VIBRATION ISOLATOR

ITT Manufacturing Enterpr...

1. A vibration isolator comprising:a housing having a top surface, an opposing bottom surface and a hollow interior;
an open-ended sleeve having a hollow interior and an extending flange, the extending flange having a top surface and a bottom surface;
a resilient core, having a hollow interior, positioned between and fixedly coupled to the bottom surface of the housing and the top surface of the flange of the sleeve, the resilient core disposed within a portion of the hollow interior of the open-ended sleeve;
a first bushing disposed within the interior of the sleeve, the first bushing having a flange including a bottom surface that overlays a top surface of the resilient core; and
a second bushing disposed within an axial through opening of the first bushing in which the axial through opening is eccentrically disposed relative to a center longitudinal axis of the isolation assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,655,696

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ANALYZING THE WEAR BEHAVIOR OF BRAKE PADS/LININGS

KNORR-BREMSE Systeme fuer...

1. A method for analyzing wear behavior of brake pads, the method comprising the steps of:a) providing a brake system comprising an evaluation device and at least one or more brakes, each brake including one or more brake pads which have a pad carrier plate and a friction lining composed of two or more layers of friction material having different coefficients of friction;
b) determining wear per brake which occurs during braking by way of at least one wear sensor per brake;
c) determining braking energy per brake during braking by way of the evaluation device;
d) repeatedly determining a momentary increase in a curve correlating values determined in steps b) and c) to each other; and
e) emitting a signal to an output device when the momentary increase changes.

US Pat. No. 10,655,695

DECELERATION BASED BRAKE COOLANT SYSTEM AND METHOD THEREOF

ALLISON TRANSMISSION, INC...

1. A motorized vehicle having an engine for providing power, comprising:a transmission having an input coupled to the engine for receiving power, and an output configured to transfer the power to one or more wheels on the vehicle;
a controller for controlling at least the transmission;
a braking system of the vehicle including a brake sensor and a brake pack configured to reduce a speed of the vehicle, the brake sensor disposed in electrical communication with the controller;
a main hydraulic pump operably driven by the engine and adapted to provide hydraulic fluid to the transmission;
an output hydraulic pump operably driven by the transmission output; and
a brake coolant valve disposed in fluid communication with the main hydraulic pump and the output hydraulic pump, the brake coolant valve being operably controlled between an open position and a closed position;
wherein, the main hydraulic pump and the output hydraulic pump are fluidly coupled to the brake pack when the brake coolant valve is in its open position, and at least the output hydraulic pump is not fluidly coupled to the brake pack when the brake coolant valve is in its closed position.

US Pat. No. 10,655,694

FRICTION ENGAGEMENT DEVICE OF AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION

Mazda Motor Corporation, ...

1. A friction engagement device of an automatic transmission, comprising a rotational member comprised of at least one of a drum member and a hub member including:a spline part engaged with a friction plate to be movable in axial directions of the automatic transmission; and
a drive force transmitting part for exchanging a drive force with another rotational element,
wherein the drive force transmitting part of the rotational member is made of a ferrous metal,
wherein a part of the rotational member other than the drive force transmitting part is made of a clad material containing a first material that is joined to the ferrous metal, and a second material that is joined to the ferrous metal with less joint strength compared to the first material and weighs less than the ferrous metal,
wherein the part of the rotational member other than the drive force transmitting part is formed separately from the drive force transmitting part, and
wherein the clad material has a first material side containing the first material and comprising the part of the rotational member other than the drive force transmitting part, the first material side engaging with the drive force transmitting part.

US Pat. No. 10,655,693

MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR A COMPOSITE BRAKE DISC AS WELL AS A CORRESPONDING COMPOSITE BRAKE DISC

1. A method for manufacturing a composite brake disc comprising a brake ring with at least one braking surface and a brake disc chamber comprising a tubular section and a base part, the base part being connected to the tubular section and defining a reference plane, comprising the steps of:joining the brake disc chamber and brake ring, and
subsequently, reducing a wobble angle between the at least one braking surface and the reference plane by reshaping the brake disc chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,655,692

NO-BACK DEVICE WITH ENERGY-DISPERSING SPRINGS

HAMILTON SUNSTRAND CORPOR...

1. A no-back device comprising:a flange arranged to receive torque via a shaft;
a ratchet assembly comprising a ratchet wheel arranged parallel to the flange; an
a braking assembly comprising a resistance wheel, which is sandwiched between the flange and the ratchet wheel, and a braking device, which acts on the resistance wheel to generate a resistive angular force reacting against torque exerted on the resistance wheel, the resistance wheel comprising a plurality of rollable thrust members to transfer axial load directly from the flange to the ratchet wheel;
wherein
the braking device comprises a follower arranged to roll, under bias from a spring in the braking device, on a cam surface extending around a circumferential perimeter of the resistance wheel, and whereby radial displacement of the follower energizes the spring to generate resistive angular force.

US Pat. No. 10,655,691

ONE-WAY CLUTCH APPARATUS

NSK-Warner K.K., Tokyo (...

1. A one-way clutch apparatus of drive input switching type, comprising:a small diameter first input member, a large diameter and annular second input member, and an annular output member, all being arranged on a same axis to be rotatable relatively to each other;
the first input member and the output member being radially opposed to each other with a space therebetween;
the second input member and the output member being radially opposed to each other with a space therebetween;
a plurality of first torque transmitting members interposed between the first input member and the output member at circumferential predetermined intervals, and provided for transmitting first torque between the first input member and the output member;
a plurality of second torque transmitting members interposed between the second input member and the output member at circumferential predetermined intervals, and provided for transmitting second torque between the second input member and the output member; and
a holder for holding the second torque transmitting members; and
a rotation input into the first input member and a rotation input into the second input member being selectively transmitted to the output member,
wherein the output member is arranged on a radial outer side of the first input member, and the second input member is arranged on a radial outer side of the output member;
the first torque transmitting member is a sprag; and
the second torque transmitting member is a roller.

US Pat. No. 10,655,690

CLUTCH WITH DRAG RING

1. A drag ring for a clutch comprising:an axis;
a circumferential surface extending about the axis;
a first plurality of segments including first and second ends integrally joined with the circumferential surface and a first center segment protruding radially outward from the circumferential surface; and,
a second plurality of segments including third and fourth ends integrally joined with the circumferential surface and a second center segment protruding radially inward from the circumferential surface.

US Pat. No. 10,655,689

DECOUPLER WITH OVERRUNNING AND BELT-START CAPABILITY WITH SIMPLIFIED CONSTRUCTION

Litens Automotive Partner...

1. A clutched device for an engine for a vehicle, wherein the engine has a crankshaft that is engaged with an endless drive member, wherein the endless drive member is engaged with an electric motor that is operable to start the engine via the endless drive member, wherein the vehicle further includes a vehicle battery, wherein the clutched device comprises:a hub defining an axis and connectable to one of a rotatable shaft of a rotary device that is not the engine, or the crankshaft of the engine;
a pulley that is rotatable relative to the hub and that is engageable with the endless drive member;
a clutch;
a clutch actuator that is electrically operated, wherein the clutch is operable to control torque transfer between the hub and the pulley; and
a secondary power source that is separate from the vehicle battery and that is operatively connected to the clutch actuator to operate the clutch actuator even if the vehicle battery is dead.

US Pat. No. 10,655,688

FAN-COUPLING DEVICE WITH UNITARY MAGNETIC POLE CONSTRUCTION

Standard Motor Products, ...

1. A fan-coupling device, comprising:a housing comprised of a case and a cover, the housing being mounted on a rotary shaft via a first bearing;
a partition plate located inside the housing, the partition plate dividing the interior of the housing into an oil sump chamber and a torque transmission chamber, the partition plate including an oil feed hole configured to allow fluid to flow between the oil sump chamber and the torque transmission chamber;
an oil feed valve, comprising a spring portion and an armature, the oil feed valve configured to cover the oil feed hole in the partition plate and to open the oil feed hole when a force is applied to the armature; and
a magnetic circuit configured to cause a magnetic force to be applied to the armature of the oil feed valve sufficient to cause the oil feed valve to open the oil feed hole, the magnetic circuit comprising:
a ring-shaped electromagnet mounted on the rotary shaft via a second bearing; and
a disc-shaped magnetic pole disposed between the electromagnet and the armature of the oil feed valve, the magnetic pole being of a unitary construction and comprising:
a ring-shaped inner wall defining an opening configured to receive the rotary shaft;
a ring-shaped outer wall concentric with the inner wall and located on the outer periphery of the disc-shaped magnetic pole, the inner wall and the outer wall partially surrounding the electromagnet;
a ring-shaped middle wall concentric with and located between the inner wall and the outer wall;
a top surface located between the inner wall and the middle wall, the top surface facing the armature of the oil feed valve;
a thin choke area disposed on a portion of the top surface, the thin choke area being thinner than other portions of the top surface; and
a ridge disposed on top of the middle wall and around the outer periphery of the top surface, the ridge extending above the top surface
wherein a magnetic flux generated by the electromagnet is conducted to the armature through the inner wall and the outer wall.

US Pat. No. 10,655,686

CLUTCH PRIMING SYSTEM AND METHOD

1. A priming system comprising:an input element configured to rotate;
an output element alternatively coupled with the input element to rotate therewith, or decoupled from the input element to not rotate therewith;
a frictional element operatively connected between the input element and the output element;
an actuator configured to effect engagement of the frictional element to couple the input and output elements to transfer a torque, and configured to effect disengagement of the frictional element to decouple the input and output elements to not transfer the torque to the output element; and
a control system configured to:
initiate actuation of the frictional element through the actuator when a speed of the frictional element is below a priming threshold speed, wherein the priming threshold speed is defined by a preselected speed range around a shift point of the frictional element where the frictional element shifts between engagement and disengagement;
prime the frictional element to a primed state to prepare the frictional element to transfer the torque from the input element to the output element, without delivering the torque to the output element;
hold the frictional element in the primed state when the speed is below the priming threshold speed; and
complete actuation of the frictional element through the actuator when the speed reaches the shift point, to engage the frictional element to deliver the torque to the output element.

US Pat. No. 10,655,685

CLUTCH DEVICE

EXEDY CORPORATION, Neyag...

1. A clutch device for transmitting power from an engine to a transmission, the clutch device comprising:a clutch housing;
a first rotor in an interior of the clutch housing, the first rotor including a first pressure applying portion and a plurality of first protruding portions, the plurality of first protruding portions protruding to a first side in an axial direction;
a second rotor including a second pressure applying portion, the second pressure applying portion disposed at an interval from the first pressure applying portion in the axial direction;
a clutch part for allowing and blocking transmission of the power from the clutch housing to an output side, the clutch part disposed between the first pressure applying portion and the second pressure applying portion;
a support member disposed in opposition to the first rotor in the axial direction, the support member including a plurality of second protruding portions, the plurality of second protruding portions protruding to a second side in the axial direction, the plurality of second protruding portions fixed to the plurality of first protruding portions;
a first cam part controlling a pressing force applied to the clutch part in transmission of the power, the first cam part including a first cam surface, the first cam surface provided on a first side in a rotational direction on each of the plurality of first protruding portions of the first rotor; and
a second cam part controlling the pressing force applied to the clutch part in transmission of the power, the second cam part including a second cam surface, the second cam surface provided on a second side in the rotational direction on each of the plurality of second protruding portions of the support member.

US Pat. No. 10,655,684

TRANSMISSION WITH INTEGRATED OVERLOAD PROTECTION FOR A LEGGED ROBOT

Boston Dynamics, Inc., W...

1. A robot comprising:a motor disposed at a joint of a leg of the robot, the motor configured to control motion of the leg of the robot;
a transmission comprising an input member coupled to and configured to rotate with the motor, an output member, and a fixed intermediate member that engages the output member, the input member configured to engage the fixed intermediate member and rotate within an open annular space defined by the fixed intermediate member, and when the input member rotates, the output member rotates at a different speed;
a pad frictionally coupled to a side surface of the output member of the transmission and coupled to the leg of the robot;
a spring configured to apply an axial preload on the pad, the axial preload defining a torque limit that indicates a torque load on the leg of the robot that causes the output member of the transmission to slip relative to the pad; and
an output flexure member disposed between, and interfacing with, the pad and the spring, wherein the output flexure member is torsionally stiff and axially flexible, and wherein the output flexure member is coupled to the leg of the robot.

US Pat. No. 10,655,683

APPARATUS FOR TIGHTENING THREADED FASTENERS

HYTORC Division UNEX Corp...

1. A self-retaining drive shaft assembly of unitary construction for use with a device for tightening and loosening of a threaded fastener, the drive shaft assembly including:a drive shaft;
a retaining o-ring formed between the drive shaft and a segment assembly;
the segment assembly, formed between the retaining o-ring and a cap, having a number of segments attached to the cap by a segment pin assembly with segment pin holes and segment pins;
the cap, formed between the segment assembly and a wave spring, having a ball bearing assembly with ball bearing holes and ball bearings;
the wave spring formed between the cap and a plunger;
the plunger formed between the wave spring and a mounting screw; and
the mounting screw to hold the drive shaft assembly together.

US Pat. No. 10,655,682

BEARING SYSTEM WITH A ROTARY BUSH AND TURBOMACHINE

NUOVO PIGNONE TECNOLOGIE ...

1. A bearing system comprising:a fluid bearing;
a shaft with a solid portion;
a bush located around said solid portion and in front of a pad or pads of the fluid bearing, wherein the bush comprises a hollow portion and a plurality of supporting elements that fix the hollow portion of the bush to the solid portion of the shaft;
a first set of supporting elements located at a first position of the hollow portion and a second set of supporting elements located at a second position of the hollow portion;
an annular chamber defined between the hollow portion of the bush to the solid portion of the shaft,
wherein the supporting elements of the first set and/or of the second set are vanes wherein a lubricant fluid or a heat-exchange fluid flows into or out of said annular chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,655,681

BEARING ASSEMBLY

AKTIEBOLAGET SKF, Gothen...

1. A bearing assembly for rotatably supporting a first carrier element on a second carrier element, the bearing assembly comprising:a first part comprising a first bearing element and a second part comprising a second bearing element configured to rotate about a common axis of rotation, the first part being attachable to the first carrier element using a first attaching means and the second part being attachable to the second carrier element using a second attaching means,
wherein the first part includes a first through-bore and the second part includes a second through-bore,
wherein the first and the second through-bores are aligned with each other,
wherein the common axis of rotation does not pass through the first through-bore or through the second through-bore,
wherein the second attaching means is configured to pass entirely through the first through-bore into the second through-bore and engage an interior of the second through-bore to fasten the second part to the second carrier element, and
wherein the first attaching means is too large to pass entirely through the first through-bore and is configured to engage an interior of the first through-bore to fasten the first part to the first carrier element.

US Pat. No. 10,655,680

SEALING ARRANGEMENT

1. A sealing arrangement for sealing a first component against a second component which is rotatable relative thereto, comprising:a first seal arranged on the first component; and
a second seal arranged on the second component;
wherein the first seal has at least one opening for passage of air at least in a sealing chamber formed spatially between the two seals;
wherein an at least partially permeable fabric element is arranged on the at least one opening;
wherein the fabric element is provided to at least partially expand upon contact with water and thereby to completely seal the at least one opening.

US Pat. No. 10,655,679

OIL CONTROL FOR SEAL PLATES

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A seal assembly for a bearing compartment of a gas turbine engine, the seal assembly comprising:a seal carrier;
a seal element, wherein at least a portion of the seal element is within the seal carrier;
a seal plate in contact with the seal element, wherein the seal plate is configured to rotate relative to the seal element; and
a trough extending around the seal plate, wherein the trough comprises:
a wall with a U-shaped cross-section and an annular configuration; and
an annular channel formed by the U-shape of the wall, wherein the annular channel is positioned radially outward from the seal plate so as to capture oil slung from the seal plate.

US Pat. No. 10,655,678

CAGE AND ROLLER ASSEMBLY

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

6. A cage and roller assembly, comprising:a plurality of rollers to be brought into rolling contact with a raceway surface provided on an outer periphery of a shaft; and
an annular cage that retains the rollers, wherein
the cage includes:
a pair of annular portions having guide surfaces that are brought into contact with an inner peripheral surface of an outer member that is brought into rolling contact with the rollers and that are outer peripheral surfaces of the pair of annular portions; and
a plurality of cage bars that couple the pair of annular portions together and are arranged with intervals in a circumferential direction,
the rollers are housed in pockets each formed between the pair of annular portions and between the cage bars that are adjacent to each other in the circumferential direction,
each of the cage bars includes:
a cage bar body provided in an axial center portion of the cage bar and having an oil reservoir bottom face on a radially outer side of the cage bar body, the oil reservoir bottom face located on a radially inner side with respect to the guide surface; and
detachment preventing portions provided at both axial ends of the cage bar body and having an outer claw that covers a part of the roller from the radially outer side, and
the detachment preventing portions are provided with an outer recessed groove configured on the outer peripheral face of the detachment preventing portions and does not penetrate the annular portion as a passage for causing lubricating oil to flow toward the guide surface from the oil reservoir bottom face through the detachment preventing portions.

US Pat. No. 10,655,677

TRIPOD CONSTANT VELOCITY UNIVERSAL JOINT AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

NTN CORPORATION, Osaka (...

1. A tripod type constant velocity universal joint, comprising:an outer joint member having track grooves formed at trisected positions on the outer joint member in a circumferential direction of the tripod type constant velocity universal joint to extend in an axial direction thereof;
a tripod member comprising leg shafts radially projecting from trisected positions on the tripod member in the circumferential direction; and
rollers fitted in a freely rotatable manner about the leg shafts, respectively, and received in the track grooves, respectively,
wherein a radially outer surface of each of the rollers is formed of a surface unsubjected to grinding or cutting work after subjecting to heat treatment, and
wherein the radially outer surface of each of the rollers has a circularity of 10 ?m or more and 40 ?m or less.

US Pat. No. 10,655,676

ENVELOPING LAYER-COATED SLIDE BEARING AND DRIVE MODULE

SEIKO INSTRUMENTS INC., ...

1. An enveloping layer-coated slide bearing comprising:a slide bearing having a bearing surface formed in a cylindrical shape; and
an enveloping layer composed of a thermoplastic elastomer formed on, and in direct contact with, an outer circumferential surface of the slide bearing.

US Pat. No. 10,655,675

DOUBLE-LAYER SLIDING BEARING

SHINE YING CO., LTD., Hs...

1. A double-layer sliding bearing made of a sintered double-layer green compact, comprising:an inner layer and an outer layer, a circular bearing surface being formed on either an inner periphery of the inner layer or an outer periphery of the outer layer;
wherein either the inner layer or the outer layer with the bearing surface is defined as a first layer that has a thinner wall thickness and a higher forming density than the other layer without the bearing surface defined as a second layer;
wherein the first layer includes at least two units arranged in an axially butted manner.

US Pat. No. 10,655,674

DOUBLE-ROW SELF-ALIGNING ROLLER BEARING

NTN CORPORATION, Osaka (...

9. A double-row self-aligning roller bearing comprisingan inner ring;
an outer ring having a spherical raceway surface; and
rollers in two rows arranged in a bearing width direction interposed between the inner ring and the outer ring, the rollers in two rows each having an outer peripheral surface whose cross-sectional shape corresponds to the raceway surface of the outer ring,
wherein each roller in one row of the two rows has a length different from that of each roller in the other row of the two rows,
the longer rollers have a contact angle ?2 larger than a contact angle ?1 of the shorter rollers,
an intermediate flange is provided at a portion between the two rows of the rollers on an outer peripheral surface of the inner ring, and
the intermediate flange has a center position in the bearing width direction displaced toward a side of the longer rollers from a position of a point in the bearing width direction at which lines of action defining the contact angles of the respective rows intersect, and
wherein each of the rollers in two rows is an asymmetrical roller having a maximum diameter at a position displaced from a center of a roller length thereof to a center of the bearing relative to a bearing axial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,655,673

DOUBLE-ROW SELF-ALIGNING ROLLER BEARING

NTN CORPORATION, Osaka (...

1. A double-row self-aligning roller bearing comprising:an inner ring;
an outer ring having a spherical raceway surface; and
rollers in two rows juxtaposed to each other in a bearing width direction and interposed between the inner ring and the outer ring, each of the rollers in the two rows having an outer circumferential surface having a cross-sectional shape that matches the raceway surface of the outer ring,
wherein the rollers in the two rows have lengths equal to each other and maximum diameters equal to each other, and have different distances from centers of the roller lengths to positions at which the maximum diameters are obtained.

US Pat. No. 10,655,672

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PRODUCING AN ANGULAR CONTACT ROLLER BEARING

1. A method for producing an angular contact roller bearing with unilaterally delimiting rims, comprising:conically forming an inner raceway into a cylindrical section of an outer shell surface of an inner bearing ring such that the inner raceway is inclined relative to a bearing axis of rotation (AL) and is delimited at one end by a rim;
conically forming an outer raceway into a cylindrical section of an inner shell surface of an outer bearing ring such that the outer raceway is inclined relative to the bearing axis of rotation (AL) and is delimited at one end by a rim;
assembling, via an eccentric assembly method, the inner and outer bearing rings and a multiplicity of roller-type rolling bodies, which roll on the raceways of said bearing rings;
the eccentric assembly method including:
in a first step the inner bearing ring is placed with the inner bearing ring face side formed with the rim, onto a horizontal assembly plane with a convex sickle-shaped auxiliary ramp in such a way that said inner bearing ring bears with the inner bearing ring rim against an inner diameter side of the auxiliary ramp;
in a second step the outer bearing ring is arranged with the outer bearing ring face side formed with the rim upward, eccentrically with respect to the inner bearing ring such that, at one side, the auxiliary ramp is arranged between the bearing rings and, at the other side, offset 180° with respect to a center of the auxiliary ramp, the bearing rings bear against one another;
in a third step a sickle-shaped free space formed between the outer bearing ring and the inner bearing ring is filled with the roller-type rolling bodies in the form of tapered rollers such that relatively small face sides of said roller-type rolling bodies lie on an oblique side of the auxiliary ramp;
in a fourth step of the eccentric assembly method, the outer bearing ring is clamped, at a level of a contact point with the inner bearing ring and at a level of a point on the outer shell surface of said outer bearing ring which is offset 180° with respect to the contact point, such that the outer bearing ring is slightly ovalized within its elasticity limit; and
in a fifth step the inner bearing ring is displaced into a coaxial position with respect to the outer bearing ring, and the roller-type rolling bodies are uniformly circumferentially distributed in the rolling bodies raceways in the bearing rings, with the ovalization of the outer bearing ring being eliminated.

US Pat. No. 10,655,671

NESTED BUSHING ARRANGEMENT

Goodrich Corporation, Ch...

1. A nested bushing arrangement, comprising:a first bushing having a first tubular portion and a first flange that extends radially from near a first longitudinal end of the first tubular portion, the first flange having a first opening;
a second bushing having a second tubular portion and a second flange that extends radially from near a first longitudinal end of the second tubular portion, the second flange having a second opening; and
a member comprising a third opening and a fourth opening, the member disposed between the first flange and the second flange, wherein a first outer radial surface of the first tubular portion is press fitted into the third opening in the member, and wherein a second outer radial surface of the second tubular portion is press fitted into the fourth opening in the member,
the first bushing and the second bushing being sized and configured to allow a second longitudinal end of the first tubular portion to extend at least partially through the second opening while a second longitudinal end of the second tubular portion extends at least partially through the first opening.

US Pat. No. 10,655,670

EFFICIENT BOWDEN CABLE SYSTEM

SRI International, Menlo...

1. An apparatus comprising:a housing that includes a circumference, a plurality of teeth disposed on the circumference, and an inner space, wherein the circumference includes a closed portion and an open portion, the open portion including an inlet connected to the inner space and an outlet slot connected to the inner space, wherein the outlet slot spans a range of angles relative to the inlet, wherein the housing allows an inner cable of a Bowden cable to pass therethrough such that the inner cable passes through the inlet, the inner space, and the outlet slot;
an inner hub rotatably mounted in the inner space of the housing, wherein the inner hub is configured to receive and guide the inner cable passing through the housing such that the inner cable forms a curved path about the inner hub;
a socket configured to receive the inner cable of the Bowden cable and a portion of a sleeve of the Bowden cable, wherein the socket can be coupled to the housing at a plurality of different positions to select any of a plurality of different portions of the outlet slot such that the inner cable of the Bowden cable passes through a selected portion of the plurality of different portions of the outlet slot;
an arm having a first end and a second end, wherein the first end is pivotally mounted to the housing and the second end is coupled to the socket, such that the socket is able to swing on the arm through the range of angles corresponding to the outlet slot; and
a spring disposed between the socket and the second end of the arm.

US Pat. No. 10,655,669

ADVANCED NUT AND BOLT

Arconic Inc., Pittsburgh...

1. A nut, comprising:a first end,
a second end opposite the first end,
an inner periphery extending from the first end to the second end,
an outer periphery extending from the first end to the second end,
a thickness extending from the inner periphery to the outer periphery,
an internal nut thread extending from the first end to the second end,
a first hardness area extending between the first end and a first boundary located intermediate the first and second ends, a second hardness area extending from the first boundary to a second boundary located distal from the first boundary and towards the second end, and a third hardness area extending from the second boundary to the second end,
a hardness, wherein the hardness within the first hardness area includes a first hardness, the hardness within the second hardness area includes a second hardness, and the hardness within the third hardness area includes a third hardness,
wherein the hardness of the nut gradationally changes between the first and second ends but the first hardness is constant about the thickness in the first hardness area, the second hardness is constant about the thickness in the second hardness area, and the third hardness is constant about the thickness in the third hardness area, and
wherein the first hardness is selected from a range of approximately Rb 20 to approximately Rb 100, the second hardness is selected from a range of approximately Rb 20 to approximately Rc 60, and the third hardness is selected from a range of approximately Rc 20 to approximately Rc 60.

US Pat. No. 10,655,668

BONDING WASHER

HUBBELL INCORPORATED, Sh...

1. A bonding washer for making an electrical connection between two metal pieces, the bonding washer comprising:a first washer body;
a plurality of first washer teeth extending away from the first washer body in a first direction, each of the plurality of first washer teeth being electrically conductive and having a hollow center and a distal edge;
a second washer body;
a plurality of second washer teeth extending away from the second washer body in a second direction that is substantially opposite the first direction, each of the plurality of second washer teeth being electrically conductive and having a hollow center and a distal edge;
wherein the second washer body is electrically coupled to the first washer body to form an electrically conductive path between the plurality of first washer teeth and the plurality of second washer teeth; and
at least one finger extending from a first clearance opening in the first washer body or extending from a second clearance opening in the second washer body, the at least one finger being configured to provide a spring force to retain the bonding washer in position when installed.

US Pat. No. 10,655,667

RAPID INSTALLATION THERMOPLASTIC EME PROTECTION CAP

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. A cap assembly for enclosing an end portion of a metallic bolt assembly, comprising:a first cap member includes:
a bore which extends through at least a portion of the first cap member and a surface of the first cap member positioned within the bore defines first threads; and
an external surface defines second threads; and
a second cap member includes:
a sidewall which defines a receptacle with an opening which provides access for the first cap member to be positioned within an interior of the receptacle; and
the sidewall of the receptacle includes an interior surface which defines third threads compatibly configured to engage the second threads of the external surface of the first cap member, wherein:
the third threads are positioned along a length of the interior surface of the receptacle extending a first distance and the second threads are positioned along a length of the external surface of the first cap member extending a second distance;
the first distance is greater than the second distance; and
with the receptacle positioned on a surface, from which the end portion of the metallic bolt assembly extends, second cap assembly encloses and electrically isolates first cap assembly and the end portion of the metallic bolt assembly from an environment outside of the receptacle bounded by the surface and an external surface of the receptacle.

US Pat. No. 10,655,666

CAULKING BOLT

Aoyama Seisakusho Co., Lt...

1. A caulking bolt comprising a head part and a shaft part, whereina non-circular, flat, rotation preventive protrusion is formed on a seat surface of the head part, the rotation preventive protrusion having a thickness of 1 pitch or less from the seat surface of the head part,
a thread part is formed on the shaft part to be contiguous to the rotation preventive protrusion, the thread part comprising a normal complete thread part having a height of a screw thread and an incomplete thread part,
the upper end of the normal complete thread part is formed in the shaft part at a distance of 3 pitches or less from the seat surface of the head part such that the upper end of the normal complete thread part is in close proximity to the rotation preventive protrusion,
the incomplete thread part is formed along helical lines of the normal complete thread part so as to have a height of a screw thread that is lower than the height of the screw thread of the normal complete thread part by rolling in a longitudinal direction of the shaft part such that the incomplete thread part is arranged within the distance of 3 pitches or less from the seat surface of the head part, and
the incomplete thread part is configured to be used as a stopper part into which a metal flows when the caulking bolt is driven into a metal plate.

US Pat. No. 10,655,665

SPRING LATCHING CONNECTORS

Bal Seal Engineering, Inc...

1. A spring latching connector comprising:a housing having a bore therethrough;
a piston with a length defining a piston axis slidably received in said bore;
a common groove defined by a groove in the bore and a groove on the piston;
a turn angle canted coil spring having coils each with a major axis and a minor axis oriented at a turn angle so that the major axis and the minor axis are non-orthogonal to said piston axis in a free standing state prior to locating in said common groove, said turn angle being selected for controlling, in combination with a spring configuration, disconnect and connect forces of said spring latching connector and for positioning points of contact of said coils and surfaces of said common groove in relation to end points of the coil major axis of each coil;
wherein said turn angle canted coil spring is disposed in said common groove and is biased by both the piston and the housing for latching said piston and said housing together; and
wherein said piston latches to said housing when said piston moves in a first direction into said bore and separates from said housing when said piston moves in a second direction away from said bore, which is opposite said first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,655,664

FASTENER ASSEMBLY HAVING ONE OR MORE GROMMETS

Illinois Tool Works Inc.,...

1. A fastener assembly that is configured to securely couple to a component, the fastener assembly comprising:at least one bushing;
a first grommet that is coupled to the at least one bushing; and
a second grommet that is coupled to the at least one bushing, wherein the first grommet and the second grommet are configured to securely retain the component therebetween, and wherein at least one of the first grommet and the second grommet includes a reduced neck formed within a central passage and defined between an inwardly-canted inner ledge and an outwardly-flared inner wall; and
wherein the at least one bushing comprises at least one outwardly-directed protuberance that abuts into an inner portion of at least one of the first grommet and the second grommet to securely couple the at least one bushing to at least one of the first grommet and the second grommet.

US Pat. No. 10,655,663

APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR ALIGNING APERTURES OF STRUCTURES

Lockheed Martin Corporati...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a first pin configured to be inserted into a first aperture of a first structure;
a retaining device configured to secure the first pin to the first structure; and
a second pin configured to be inserted into a second aperture of a second structure and coupled to the first pin;
wherein the first pin comprises a first shoulder and a second shoulder, the first shoulder having a different diameter than the second shoulder.

US Pat. No. 10,655,662

CONNECTING DEVICE BETWEEN COMPONENTS OF A PIECE OF FURNITURE

CAR S.R.L., Padua (IT)

1. A connecting device between components of a piece of furniture, comprising:a casing extending along a longitudinal axis between a first end suitable for being received in a first seat of a first component of the piece of furniture and a second end suitable for being received in a second seat of a second component of the piece of furniture, the casing comprising a first region radially expandable to engage the first component via the first seat,
a tie rod extending along the longitudinal axis and received inside the casing and being axially slidable with respect to the casing toward and from a locking position, the tie rod comprising a first section having an enlarged section suitable for engagement with the first region to provide a radial expansion of the casing at the first region when the tie rod is moved to the locking position,
an eccentric element housed in the casing and arranged to engage a head of the tie rod to axially move the tie rod toward the locking position when the eccentric element rotates around a main axis of the eccentric element,
wherein the casing comprises a second region radially expandable to engage the second component via the second seat and the tie rod comprises a second segment having an enlarged section suitable for engagement with the second region to provide a radial expansion of the casing at the second region when the tie rod is moved to the locking position;
wherein each of the first region and the second region comprises a tab, and wherein, when the tie rod is moved to the locking position, the tab of the first region is swung in an opposite direction with respect to the tab of the second region, to mutually clamp the first component and the second component.

US Pat. No. 10,655,661

CONNECTOR FOR CONNECTING PROFILED-SECTION ELEMENTS

J. VAN WALRAVEN HOLDING B...

1. A connector for connecting two profiled-section elements of the type having lateral walls extending in a longitudinal direction, respective longitudinal ends, a bottom connecting the lateral walls, and an upper side formed by flanges extending inwardly from the respective lateral walls, said flanges defining between them a longitudinal slot, and said flanges having an inner side facing the bottom and an outer side facing away from the bottom,the connector being formed in one piece out of metal strip and comprising:
an elongate connector body formed as a U-shaped profiled-section member having a bottom plate and upstanding lateral plates on either lateral side thereof, said upstanding lateral plates having a top edge remote from the bottom plate, the bottom plate being provided with at least two bores, wherein the connector furthermore has an extension monolithically formed at either longitudinal end of the bottom plate, said extension comprising a bend portion, which is folded over at a longitudinal end of the bottom plate, and a tongue, such that the tongue extends spaced apart from and parallel to the bottom plate, said tongue in use being in engagement with the bottom of a respective one of the two profiled-section elements, wherein the upstanding lateral plates have inner surfaces facing each other and defining an inner width of the U-shaped profiled-section member, and have outer surfaces defining an outer width of the U-shaped profiled-section member, wherein the bend portion has a width corresponding to said inner width and the tongue has a width corresponding to said outer width, and
at least two screws, said screws having a shank having a tip on one end and a head on another end, wherein the shanks of the respective screws extend through the respective bores and the screw head in an initial state is spaced apart from the bottom plate and is located between the upstanding lateral plates of the connector body, and wherein the screw shank can be advanced through the bore whereby the spacing between the bottom plate and the screw head is reduced, and wherein the tip of the shank of the screw abuts the tongue such that when the shank of the screw is advanced through the respective bore, the tongue is tilted to an oblique position with respect to the bottom plate, whereby the bottom plate and lateral plates of the connector body are lifted and the edges of the upstanding lateral plates can be brought in clamping engagement with the inner side of the flanges of the respective profiled-section element.

US Pat. No. 10,655,660

COMPONENT CONNECTION AND METHOD FOR THE PLASTIC FORMING OF A BALL

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for plastic forming of a ball that forms a connecting element, or part of a connecting element, provided to connect two components, the method comprising the acts of:introducing energy, via ultrasound, into the ball for the plastic forming of the ball; and
connecting the two components using the plastically formed ball, wherein
the two components each have a hole and are oriented in relation to one another such that the two components rest against one another,
the holes of the two components are arranged substantially concentrically in relation to one another, and
the ball has a shape and size that prevents the ball from spanning through the two components, prior to the introducing energy.

US Pat. No. 10,655,659

DISTINCT STOPS OF A COMPRESSION WEDGE

Roxtec AB, Karlskrona (S...

1. A wedge of a lead-through system further comprising a frame, a number of modules and stay plates, which wedge is moveable between a first extreme and a second extreme, wherein the wedge comprises a first wedge element and a second wedge element placed in line with each other, and wherein the wedge comprises a third wedge element and a fourth wedge element placed on opposite sides of the first and second wedge elements and abutting the first and second wedge elements along sloping surfaces, wherein the wedge has distinct stops at the first extreme and at the second extreme, which distinct stops are given by co-operating stop edges of a screw, a first end of the screw is locked in a nut inside the second wedge element and that a second end of the screw is received in a socket, which socket is arranged fixed but rotatable in relation to the first wedge element.

US Pat. No. 10,655,658

MATERIAL HANDLING SYSTEM

Persimmon Technologies, C...

1. An apparatus comprising:a frame; and
a plurality of clamps connected to the frame, where at least one of the clamps is movable to releasably clamp a sheet of material on the apparatus, where the plurality of clamps are configured and located on the frame to be limited to clamp on the sheet of material at edges of the sheet of material, where the plurality of clamps are configured to apply a tensioning force to the sheet of material between at least two of the clamps, where the at least two clamps are located at opposite ones of the edges of the sheet of material.

US Pat. No. 10,655,657

CONNECTING APPARATUS

1. A connecting apparatus that removably engages a first article to a second article for mounting on a vehicle, said connecting apparatus comprising:(a) a beam including a first end portion and an opposing second end portion with a longitudinal axis spanning therebetween, said beam also including a proximal end portion and an opposing distal end portion with a plumb axis spanning therebetween, wherein said longitudinal axis and said plumb axis are positioned perpendicular to one another, further said beam includes a first protrusion ridge that runs parallel to said longitudinal axis, wherein said first protrusion ridge is disposed on said beam second end portion and on said distal end portion, said beam proximal end portion is adapted to attach to the first article, said beam also has a lateral axis that is perpendicular to both said longitudinal axis and said plumb axis;
(b) a housing that is constructed of a surrounding sidewall that is about a transverse axis, said sidewall terminating in a first aperture and an opposing second aperture, wherein said transverse axis spans therebetween, said surrounding sidewall and said first and second apertures define a housing interior, said housing first aperture is sized to receive said beam distal end portion that is disposed within said housing interior, said first aperture has a major axis and a perpendicularly positioned minor axis wherein both said major and minor axes are perpendicular to said transverse axis, said first aperture is divided into a first chamber and an opposing second chamber such that said first chamber is on one side of said minor axis along said major axis and said second chamber is on an opposing side of said minor axis along said major axis, said housing is also adapted to attach to the second article; and
(c) a channel having a base portion and a pair of flexible extension elements that each extend in a same direction being substantially parallel to one another from each side of said base, said channel also including a primary end portion and an opposing secondary end portion with an open side formed from a pair of margins of said pair of extension elements such that a
lengthwise axis that spans therebetween said primary and secondary end portions, further said channel has a sidewise axis that is positioned parallel to said channel base portion and said sidewise axis is positioned perpendicular to said lengthwise axis, said channel is slidably engaged to a portion of said sidewall such that said lengthwise axis is perpendicular to said transverse axis and said lengthwise axis is parallel to said major axis, wherein said channel open side is in communication with said housing first aperture and said pair of extension element margins are sized to be larger than said housing first aperture to prevent said channel from extending therethrough said first aperture along said transverse axis, on one of said flexible extension elements a second protrusion ridge is disposed that runs parallel to said lengthwise axis facing said base on said secondary end portion such that said secondary end portion is adjacent to said first chamber through said slidably engaged channel to said sidewall, a means for urging said slidable engagement of said channel to said sidewall portion such that said channel is urged in position such that said secondary end portion is directly adjacent to said first aperture first chamber, wherein operationally said beam distal end portion is manually pushed into said housing first aperture until said first protrusion ridge contacts and deflects said second protrusion ridge on said flexible extension element with said second protrusion ridge returns to an un-deflected state with said first and second protrusion ridges interlocked to one another with said first protrusion ridge being closer to said base portion that said second protrusion ridge, wherein said first and second protrusion ridges interlock prevents said beam and said housing from separating along said transverse axis and an interface between said first aperture and said beam precludes movement between said housing and said beam in said longitudinal axis and said lateral axis which results in precluded three axis movement as between the first and second articles in an attached operational state, further operationally the first and second articles can be separated by having sliding movement of said channel along said lengthwise axis to slide apart said interlock of said first and second protrusion ridges such that said channel secondary end portion is directly adjacent to said beam first end portion and said second chamber thus allowing said beam to separate from said channel along said transverse axis, thus separating the first article from the second article in a detached operational state.

US Pat. No. 10,655,656

MOUNTING APPARATUS

1. An apparatus for mounting an object to a mounting surface, comprising:a bay;
a card;
a first mounting magnet configured to define a first plane; and
an engagement member comprising a plurality of engagement member components, wherein at least one of the engagement member components is configured to respond to magnetism;
wherein the engagement member is disposed relative to the first mounting magnet along a line of engagement that intersects the first plane;
wherein the engagement member is configured so that at least one of the plurality of engagement member components is movable between an extended state and a retracted state along the line of engagement;
wherein the bay comprises an apparatus transmission path that is configured to provide an electrical connection to at least one of the engagement member and the card;
wherein at least one of the engagement member and the bay is configured to support at least one electrical connection interface;
wherein the first mounting magnet and the engagement member are configured to cooperate to engage an object to be mounted to produce a total engagement force, and
wherein a disengaging force that is less than the total engagement force and that is applied to the mounted object overcomes the total engagement force in stages by successively overcoming the respective engagement forces associated with the first mounting magnet and the engagement member to disengage the object.

US Pat. No. 10,655,655

PIEZOELECTRIC ACTUATORS OPTIMIZED FOR SYNTHETIC JET ACTUATORS

The Boeing Company, Chic...

17. A synthetic jet actuator, comprising:a first clamp wall having a circular first wall opening;
a second clamp wall having a circular second wall opening;
a cavity ring having a circular cavity ring opening, an outer periphery, and an orifice extending through the cavity ring between the cavity ring opening and the outer periphery, wherein the first wall opening, the second wall opening and the cavity ring opening are aligned;
a first piezoelectric actuator disposed between the first clamp wall and the cavity ring; and
a second piezoelectric actuator disposed between the second clamp wall and the cavity ring, wherein the cavity ring opening, the first piezoelectric actuator and the second piezoelectric actuator define an air cavity of the synthetic jet actuator having a cylindrical shape with a cavity diameter and a cavity height, wherein the air cavity has an air cavity quarter-wavelength resonance frequency calculated based on the cavity diameter of the air cavity, wherein the orifice places an interior of the air cavity in fluid communication with an ambient atmosphere surrounding the synthetic jet actuator, wherein the first piezoelectric actuator and the second piezoelectric actuator are actuated to alternately increase and decrease a cavity volume of the air cavity to draw air into and expel the air from the air cavity through the orifice, and wherein the first piezoelectric actuator and the second piezoelectric actuator have a first actuator resonance frequency that is substantially equal to the air cavity quarter-wavelength resonance frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,655,653

REUSABLE GAS GENERATOR DRIVEN PRESSURE SUPPLY SYSTEM

Bastion Technologies, Inc...

1. A method, comprising:using a pressure supply device (PSD) to actuate a hydraulic customer, the PSD comprising a cylinder extending from a first end to a discharge end, a moveable piston disposed in the cylinder and separating a reservoir from a gas chamber, multiple gas generators in communication with the gas chamber, the hydraulic customer in communication with the reservoir, wherein in a first position the piston is located proximate to the first end and the reservoir contains hydraulic fluid, and in a second position the piston is located proximate to the discharge end, the using comprising:
activating, when in the first position, a first gas generator of the multiple gas generators thereby driving the piston to the second position, pressurizing the hydraulic fluid, and discharging the pressurized hydraulic fluid to the customer;
actuating the customer in response to receiving the pressurized hydraulic fluid via a customer flow path between the reservoir and the customer;
resetting the piston to a first position by transferring a resetting hydraulic fluid into the reservoir via a reset flow path between the reservoir and an external fluid source comprising the resetting hydraulic fluid; and
exhausting gas and condensate from the gas chamber in response to resetting the piston to the first position via a vent in communication between the gas chamber and a dump.

US Pat. No. 10,655,652

RECIPROCAL MOTION FLUID CYLINDER ASSEMBLY

REVOLUTIONARY POWER LLC, ...

11. An apparatus to generate electricity using a fluid cylinder assembly, the apparatus comprising:a tube having a top end and a bottom end;
a first expandable hose having a first diameter and positioned within the tube;
a second expandable hose having a second diameter larger than the first diameter and concentrically positioned around the first expandable hose within the tube;
a sliding cylindrical body arranged above the second expandable hose and having an airtight seal against the tube, the tube having a vacuum pressure between the top end of the tube and the sliding cylindrical body;anda generator responsive to the sliding cylindrical body within the tube and configured to convert motion of the sliding cylindrical body to electricity.

US Pat. No. 10,655,651

ROTARY ACTUATOR WITH POSITION FEEDBACK DEVICE AND PROCESS VALVE MODULE

1. A fluid-actuated rotary actuator comprising a housing having a tubular body extending in an axial direction, in which is provided a drive piston assembly for driving a rotatably mounted output shaft, which extends perpendicular to the axial direction through the tubular body and the axial end of which is routed out of the tubular body at an upper wall section of the tubular body, further comprising a magnet assembly associated with the axial end of the output shaft and receiving a rotary movement of the output shaft, and further comprising a position feedback device configured to detect the magnetic field generated by the magnet assembly and to provide, in accordance with the detected magnetic field, a position signal corresponding to a position of the output shaft, wherein the position feedback device is located in a receptacle chamber formed in the upper wall section of the tubular body, the receptacle chamber having a first section open at the upper wall section and a second section extending from the first section, the first section corresponding to a head section of the position feedback device and the second section corresponding to a shaft section of the position feedback device.

US Pat. No. 10,655,650

VALVE BLOCK ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD FOR A VALVE BLOCK ARRANGEMENT

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A valve block arrangement, comprising:a closed center valve block having at least one main spool configured to control a hydraulic consumer, the at least one main spool assigned a pressure port and a working port;
at least one hydraulic machine connected to the pressure port;
a bypass flow path branching off fluidically between the pressure port and the at least one hydraulic machine;
an electrically activated cut valve configured to connect the bypass flow path to a tank, the cut valve configured to throttle the bypass flow path; and
control electronics comprising:
a preset module configured to determine an item of load sensitivity information based on a preset value received for consumer input by an input unit, the item of load sensitivity information being inversely related to the preset value; and
an actuation module configured to generate an actuation signal for the cut valve based on the item of load sensitivity information.

US Pat. No. 10,655,649

HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT FOR USE ON CVT VEHICLE

CNH Industrial America LL...

1. A hydraulic system of a work vehicle having an engine, the hydraulic system comprising:a high pressure hydraulic circuit for providing high pressure hydraulic fluid to at least one of a hydraulic steering device, a hydraulic actuator, and a treadle brake valve, the high pressure hydraulic circuit has a charge pump drawing hydraulic fluid from a reservoir, the charge pump providing pressurized hydraulic fluid only to a high pressure variable displacement pump, the high pressure variable displacement pump further pressurizing the hydraulic fluid and providing the high pressure hydraulic fluid to a priority valve according to demand of the hydraulic steering device, hydraulic actuator, or treadle brake valve; and/or
a medium pressure hydraulic circuit for providing medium pressure hydraulic fluid to at least one of a hydrostatic or Continuously Variable (CV) transmission, a geared transmission, and a medium pressure hydraulic service, the medium pressure hydraulic circuit has a medium pressure variable displacement pump drawing hydraulic fluid from the reservoir and providing the medium pressure hydraulic fluid to the hydrostatic or CV transmission, geared transmission, or medium pressure hydraulic service according to demand of the hydrostatic or CV transmission, geared transmission, or medium pressure hydraulic service; and
a low pressure hydraulic circuit for providing low pressure hydraulic fluid to at least one vehicle lubrication circuit, and the low pressure hydraulic circuit has at least one low pressure variable displacement pump and no charge pump, the at least one low pressure variable displacement pump drawing hydraulic fluid from the reservoir and providing the low pressure hydraulic fluid to the at least one vehicle lubrication circuit by way of at least one of a hydraulic oil cooler and a hydraulic oil cooler bypass, the hydraulic oil cooler and hydraulic oil cooler bypass being configured in parallel and being controlled by a proportional valve.

US Pat. No. 10,655,648

HYDRAULIC VALVE DEVICE WITH MULTIPLE WORKING SECTIONS WITH PUMP CONTROL SYSTEM WITH BY-PASS LINE

WALVOIL S.P.A., Reggio E...

1. A modular directional valve device, with one or more elements and for the management of a load-sensing variable displacement pump, each element including spools configured to control the drive to relative utilities, the modular directional valve device being arranged for a connection to the load-sensing variable displacement pump a supply line, which is divided into at least two channels, of which:a. a bypass line which, with the spools in central position, crosses all the elements and then connects to a tank through an independent connection,
b. a load line which, with spools in central position, is a closed line,
said modular directional valve device comprising, on the bypass line only and upstream of a first element of the one or more elements, a flow rate regulator group comprising at least one piloted spool and a choke, a control signal being connected to said flow rate regulator group acting on a proportional variable choke along said supply line or along said load line and wherein a load-sensing signal (LS) along said load line downstream of said choke reaches the load-sensing variable displacement pump.

US Pat. No. 10,655,647

HYDRAULIC DRIVE SYSTEM FOR CONSTRUCTION MACHINE

HITACHI CONSTRUCTION MACH...

1. A hydraulic drive system for a construction machine, comprising:a variable displacement type hydraulic pump;
a plurality of actuators which are driven by hydraulic fluid delivered from the hydraulic pump;
a plurality of flow control valves which respectively control flow rates of the hydraulic fluid supplied from the hydraulic pump to the actuators;
a plurality of operating devices corresponding respectively to the actuators, each of the operating devices includes a remote control valve for generating operation pilot pressures for driving the corresponding flow control valve;
a plurality of pressure compensating valves which are connected to a supply line of the hydraulic pump and which respectively control differential pressures across the flow control valves;
a pilot primary pressure circuit which supplies, as pilot primary pressure, a pressure of a pilot hydraulic pressure source to the remote control valves of the operating devices; and
a pump control system which performs load sensing control of a displacement of the hydraulic pump,
wherein the plurality of actuators include a travel motor for moving a track structure, a swing motor for driving a swing structure, and a boom cylinder, an arm cylinder and a bucket cylinder for driving a front work implement;
wherein the plurality of operating devices include travel motor operating device for the travel motor, and operating devices other than the travel motor operating device, which include a swing motor operating device for the swing motor, a boom cylinder operating device for the boom cylinder, an arm cylinder operating device for the arm cylinder and a bucket cylinder operating device for the bucket cylinder;
wherein the pressure compensating valves are of the type in which full closing of the valves is not attained at a stroke end in a direction of decreasing an opening area;
wherein the travel motor is such an actuator that during a combined operation with the other actuators, the load pressure of the travel motor can be increased to such an extent that the pressure compensating valves for the other actuators reach a stroke end;
wherein the pilot primary pressure circuit includes:
a first circuit which supplies the pilot primary pressure to the remote control valve of the travel motor operating device, and
a second circuit which supplies the pilot primary pressure to the plural remote control valves of the swing motor operating device, the boom cylinder operating device, the arm cylinder operating device and the bucket cylinder operating device, and
wherein the second circuit includes a selector valve which is switched in accordance with an operation of the travel motor operating device to control the pilot primary pressure supplied to the plural remote control valves of the second circuit,
the selector valve being configured such that when the travel motor operating device is not operated, the selector valve is switched in a position in which the pilot primary pressure is supplied directly to the plural remote control valves of the second circuit and when the travel motor operating device is operated, the selector valve is switched in a position in which the pilot primary pressure is reduced and the reduced pilot primary pressure is supplied to the plural remote control valves of the second circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,655,646

COMPRESSED GAS SUPPLIER FOR A PNEUMATIC TOOL

BANZA STAMPING INDUSTRY C...

1. A compressed gas supplier for a pneumatic tool comprising:a power-free decompression device decompressing a gas in a high-pressure source into a decompressed gas, and comprising
a housing having
an inlet connecting to the high-pressure source;
an outlet;
an inlet channel formed inside the housing and communicating with the inlet;
an outlet channel formed inside the housing and communicating with the outlet;
a decompression room formed inside the housing, and formed between and communicating with the inlet channel and the outlet channel; and
a releasing channel formed on the housing; and
a decompression assembly mounted in the decompression room of the housing, and selectively blocking the communication between inlet channel and the decompression room; and
an expansion chamber connecting to the power-free decompression device and receiving and storing the decompressed gas to adapted for selectively supplying the decompressed gas to the pneumatic tool, and having
a first end;
a second end;
an entry formed on the first end of the expansion chamber and communicating with the outlet of the housing; and
a releasing hole formed on the expansion chamber and communicating with the releasing channel of the housing to adapted for connecting to the pneumatic tool.

US Pat. No. 10,655,645

FAN SYSTEMS INCLUDING BRUSHES AND BRISTLES FOR SELF-CLEANING

Lenovo Enterprise Solutio...

1. A fan system comprising:a housing defining an opening and an interior space that extends along an axis;
a plurality of fan blades positioned within the interior space and configured to rotate about the axis;
bristles positioned proximate to the opening of the housing;
one or more brushes configured to rotate about the axis and to be moved to a position to engage the bristles for cleaning; and
a mechanism that moves the brushes to the position for engaging the bristles, wherein the mechanism comprises a spring coil component that is operably connected to the brushes, and wherein the spring coil component moves ends of the brushes in a direction towards the axis when the fan blades rotate about the axis in a first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,655,644

PORTABLE ELECTRIC BLOWER WITH LOW REACTION TORQUE

PELLENC (SOCIETE ANONYME)...

1. Portable leaf blower including:an axial blowing fan presenting a fan axis;
a handle presenting a midpoint of equilibrium;
a blowing outlet connected downstream of the axial fan;
at least one intake nozzle connected upstream of the axial fan, the intake nozzle including an air intake mouth with an intake axis forming a non-zero angle with the fan axis, the intake mouth being located upstream of a first plane perpendicular to the fan axis and including the midpoint of equilibrium of the handle, and the air intake mouth being furthermore turned away from a second plane passing through the midpoint of the handle, the second plane being perpendicular to an orthogonal straight line to the fan axis and passing through the midpoint of equilibrium (E) of the handle; and
a protective grid of the air intake mouth;
characterized in that:
the air intake nozzle includes a lattice of directional channels for homogenizing an intake air flow, the lattice of directional channels being fitted in the vicinity of the air intake mouth;
the lattice of directional channels presents a lattice axis, and the lattice axis presents a point of intersection with the second plane, the point of intersection being located upstream of the first plane; and
the lattice of directional channels is configured to confer to the intake air flow a directional component opposite to the fan.

US Pat. No. 10,655,643

COOLING DEVICE, GUARD UNIT, AND SERVER

NEC Platforms, Ltd., Kaw...

1. A cooling device comprising:a fan;
an intake-side intrusion-preventing member that is provided on an intake side of the fan and prevents an object from entering the fan;
an exhaust-side intrusion-preventing member that is provided on an exhaust side of the fan and prevents an object from entering the fan,
wherein the intake-side intrusion-preventing member and the exhaust-side intrusion-preventing member have different shapes,
wherein the fan includes:
a stator blade member provided on an exhaust side of the fan; and
a motor arranged in a center portion of the stator blade member and configured to rotate a rotor blade member about a rotation axis of the rotor blade member, and
wherein the exhaust-side intrusion-preventing member includes:
a motor cover part overlapping the motor when viewed from a direction along the rotation axis,
a plurality of frame parts formed by using a plate member, wherein the plurality of frame parts are provided at intervals with each other in a circumferential direction and extend from the motor cover part to an outer-peripheral side of the exhaust-side intrusion-preventing member, and wherein the plurality of frame parts have an arch shape, and
a plurality of protruding parts respectively provided on the plurality of frame parts, wherein each of the plurality of protruding parts protrudes in a direction substantially perpendicular to the rotation axis, and each of the plurality of protruding parts has a semicircular shape.

US Pat. No. 10,655,642

COMPRESSOR, EXHAUST GAS TURBOCHARGER AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION MACHINE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A compressor for an internal combustion machine, comprising:a compressor casing;
a compressor impeller rotatably mounted in said compressor casing;
a wall delimiting an intake section, said intake section being disposed upstream of said compressor impeller in an operating flow direction of a gas to be compressed;
a circumferential step integrated into said wall, said circumferential step being a mouth-free circumferential step facing said compressor impeller; and
said circumferential step delimiting a flow cross section, wherein a ratio of a shortest distance between said compressor impeller and said circumferential step to a largest cross-sectional dimension in the flow cross section delimited by said circumferential step is at least 0.5.

US Pat. No. 10,655,641

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR FLYING SHEET MATERIALS

1. A system for flying at least one sheet material comprising:a conduit;
at least one airflow diverter defined within a portion of the conduit, wherein the at least one airflow diverter comprises an inlet, a divider, a first outlet and a second outlet, wherein at least one of the first and second outlets is configured to permit air to exit the conduit and wherein the at least one airflow diverter comprises a transition; and
at least one fan positioned relative to the conduit for moving air therethrough, along the transition and out at least one of the first and second outlets of the at least one airflow diverter,
wherein the at least one sheet material is connected to a portion of the conduit, and wherein air moving along the transition and out at least one of the first and second outlets of the at least one airflow diverter provides a force against the sheet material causing the same to unfurl.

US Pat. No. 10,655,640

DOUBLE INLET CENTRIFUGAL BLOWER WITH PCB CENTER PLATE

LTI HOLDINGS, INC., Mode...

1. A centrifugal blower apparatus, comprising:a housing having air inlets formed in opposing sides of said housing and having air outlets formed in an open end of said housing, wherein said air inlets and said air outlets are in fluid communication with a blower chamber within said housing;
a motor support that divides said blower chamber into at least a first and second sub-chamber, said motor support having at least one aperture formed through a central portion of said motor support, said at least one aperture being at least one of: circular or oval, said at least one aperture being adapted to receive a motor support sleeve, said motor support sleeve being at least one of: circular or oval, said motor support sleeve having an internal radial plane, said motor support being constructed, at least in part, of a printed circuit board assembly (PCBA);
a first impeller for motivating air positioned in said first sub-chamber;
a second impeller for motivating air positioned in said second sub-chamber;
a motor for rotating said first and second impellers, said motor having: a rotor and a stator mounted along said internal radial plane of, and substantially within, said motor support sleeve, such that an inner circumference of said stator is arranged concentrically radially about an outer circumference of said rotor, wherein the inner circumference of said stator is slightly larger than said outer circumference of said rotor, said PCBA including one or more components that control the motor; and
a shaft, said shaft secured to said rotor via a first fastening device proximate to a first end of said shaft, said shaft secured to said second impeller via a second fastening device proximate to a second end of said shaft, wherein said first impeller is secured to at least part of said rotor via at least one of: a third fastening device or a structural integration.

US Pat. No. 10,655,639

BALANCE STRUCTURE OF FAN ROTOR

ASIA VITAL COMPONENTS CO....

1. A balance structure of a fan rotor comprising:a fan wheel having a hub and a plurality of blades disposed on a circumferential side of the hub, wherein the hub has a top wall connected to a sidewall, wherein an unbalanced portion with an amount of reduction weight known in advance is selectively disposed on the top wall or on the sidewall, wherein the unbalanced portion is disposed on a single side of a symmetrical axis of the hub and
a balancing part with an amount of compensation weight known in advance disposed at the unbalanced portion such that the fan rotor is balanced, wherein the amount of compensation weight of the balancing part corresponds to an unbalance weight of the hub and is equal to the amount of reduction weight of the unbalanced portion.

US Pat. No. 10,655,638

TURBOMOLECULAR PUMP DEPOSITION CONTROL AND PARTICLE MANAGEMENT

Lam Research Corporation,...

1. A gas pump having an upper section and configured for extracting gases from a chamber, the gas pump comprising:a turbomolecular stage arranged in the upper section; and
a Holweck stage arranged below or adjacent to the turbomolecular stage, the Holweck stage comprising:
a rotor element;
a stator element with an opening, the opening having a substantially cylindrical shape and an inside surface including a plurality of grooves, each of the plurality of grooves having a surface and the plurality of grooves being separated by threads; and
one or more heaters, each heater situated on one or more surfaces of the plurality of grooves.

US Pat. No. 10,655,636

CENTRIFUGAL AIR BLOWER

KEIHIN CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A centrifugal air blower comprising:a casing;
a fan housed in the casing and configured to take in an air in an axial direction and send the air in a radial direction; and
a drive source housed in the casing and configured to drive the fan,
wherein the casing includes:
an air intake port opened at one end of the casing in the axial direction;
an insertion hole, through which the fan is assembled and disassembled;
a flat part extending radially outwardly from a holder main body housing the drive source and connected to the casing to cover the insertion hole;
a spiral first passage section formed on an outer circumferential side of the fan;
a second passage section extending from a spiral end position of the first passage section to a discharge port; and
a tongue part formed at a joined portion where a spiral start position of the first passage section and the second passage section are joined together, and
wherein the centrifugal air blower further comprises a first wall and a second wall adjacent to the tongue part;
the first wall is vertically formed along an inner circumferential wall of the second passage section so as to extend toward a position closer to the one end of the casing than the flat part in the axial direction; and
the second wall is located radially inwardly of the first wall and vertically formed so as to face an outer circumferential surface of the drive source and extend toward a position closer to the one end of the casing than the flat part in the axial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,655,635

ALUMINUM AIRFOIL

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. An airfoil comprising:a first airfoil piece; and
a second airfoil piece bonded to the first airfoil piece at a joint,
the first airfoil piece and the second airfoil piece being formed of aluminum alloys, and at least one of the aluminum alloys is an aluminum alloy composition comprising greater than 0.8% by weight of zinc.

US Pat. No. 10,655,634

MULTI-PIECE COMPRESSOR WHEEL

BorgWarner Inc., Auburn ...

1. A compressor wheel assembly for a forced induction device, the compressor wheel assembly comprising:an impeller member formed of a polymer material and having a hub portion and a plurality of blades extending from an outer surface of the hub portion, the hub portion having an outer peripheral portion formed therewith; and
a plate member connected to the outer peripheral portion of the impeller member to be rotationally fixed thereto, the impeller member and the plate member being formed as discrete components of the compressor wheel assembly, the plate member being formed of a metal material.

US Pat. No. 10,655,633

IMPELLER AND ROTARY MACHINE

MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRI...

1. An impeller comprising:an impeller body that is formed of a resin, forms a disk-like shape about an axis, and has a boss hole section formed therein, a rotating shaft rotating about the axis being fitted to the boss hole section;
a plurality of blades provided on a front surface side of the impeller body; and
a reinforcing ring that is disposed in a circumferential direction of the impeller body inside the impeller body, and forms an annular shape,
wherein the reinforcing ring has
a base part that forms an annular shape in the circumferential direction of the rotating shaft, and
an engaging part that extends in a direction of the axis from the base part, on a side closer to the inside of the impeller body than the base part.

US Pat. No. 10,655,632

SHAFT SEAL DEVICE AND VERTICAL PUMP WITH THIS SHAFT SEAL DEVICE

EBARA CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. A shaft seal device to be fixed to a container that separates a high-pressure fluid and a low-pressure fluid from each other and sealing a shaft-penetrated portion of the container through which a rotational shaft extends, comprising:a seal casing having a through-hole through which the rotational shaft extends, the seal casing having a seal chamber which communicates with the through-hole and into which the high-pressure fluid flows; and
a disk-shaped seal body which is housed in the seal chamber, the seal body being rotatable together with the rotational shaft and having an annular surface perpendicular to an axis of the rotational shaft;
wherein the seal casing has an upper casing and a lower casing which have the through-hole respectively, and an intermediate casing which is sandwiched between the upper casing and the lower casing;
the seal chamber is defined by a lower surface of the upper casing, an inner circumferential surface of the intermediate casing, and an upper surface of the lower casing;
the lower surface of the upper casing, which faces the annular surface of the seal body and defines the seal chamber, is a flat surface perpendicular to the axis of the rotational shaft;
a non-contact type lower seal structure which seals a gap between the rotational shaft and the through-hole of the lower casing, is disposed below the seal body;
the lower seal structure is a labyrinth seal or a flat seal;
the intermediate casing of the seal casing has at least one opening which provides a fluid communication between the seal chamber and an exterior of the seal casing; and
a drain pipe, which is in communication with atmosphere, is coupled to the opening.

US Pat. No. 10,655,631

PUMP HOUSING MADE FROM AT LEAST THREE DIFFERENT SINTERABLE MATERIALS

1. A pump device comprising:an impeller;
a pump housing comprising a wall surrounding an interior having an inlet and an outlet, wherein the inlet and the outlet of the pump housing are axially aligned;
wherein the impeller is provided in the interior of the pump housing;
wherein the pump housing comprises at least one first part-region, at least two further part-regions and at least one third part-region;
wherein the at least one first part-region comprises, to an extent of at least 60% by weight, based on the total weight of the at least one first part-region, at least one nonmagnetic material,
wherein the at least two further part-regions each comprise, to an extent of at least 25% by weight, based on the total weight of the respective further part-region, at least one ferromagnetic material;
wherein the at least one third part-region comprises a metal content in a range from 40% to 90% by weight, based on the total weight of the at least one third part-region;
wherein the wall of the pump housing, in at least one plane (Q) perpendicular to the longitudinal extent of the pump housing, has the at least one first part-region and the at least two further part-regions;
wherein the at least one first part-region and at least one of the at least two further part-regions are cohesively bonded to one another and
wherein the at least one nonmagnetic material of the at least one first part-region comprises a nonmagnetic metal in a range from 60% to 90% by weight, based on the total weight of the at least one first part-region.

US Pat. No. 10,655,630

BYPASS DUCT FAIRING FOR LOW BYPASS RATIO TURBOFAN ENGINE AND TURBOFAN ENGINE THEREWITH

IHI Corporation, Koto-ku...

1. A fairing installed in a bypass duct defined between an outer casing and an inner casing around an axis of a turbofan engine to make compressed air bypass a low pressure compressor, the fairing comprising:a fore section elongated aftward from the inner casing at an inlet of the bypass duct and running along an internal periphery of the outer casing; and
an aft section elongated aftward in succession to the fore section and curved in a direction getting away from the internal periphery so as to increase an area of a flow path toward an aft end of the aft section,
wherein the fairing is cantilevered from the inner casing at the fore section and the aft section terminates at a free end where a bypass flow decelerated by the aft section is mixed with an air flow around the inner casing.

US Pat. No. 10,655,629

VARIABLE VANE APPARATUS

HANWHA AEROSPACE CO., LTD...

1. A variable vane apparatus comprising:a housing portion;
a plurality of vane gear portions configured to rotate and provided on the housing portion to be spaced apart from one another;
a plurality of variable vane portions connected to the plurality of vane gear portions;
a drive gear portion configured to transfer power to the plurality of vane gear portions; and
a connection gear portion arranged between the plurality of vane gear portions and configured to transfer power amongst the plurality of vane gear portions,
wherein the drive gear portion is arranged between adjacent vane gear portions of the plurality of vane gear portions.

US Pat. No. 10,655,628

SCALABLE FAN FRAME MECHANISM

QUANTA COMPUTER INC., Ta...

1. A cooling system for providing streamlined airflow, comprising:a fan assembly comprising:
an inlet side and an outlet side;
an inlet fin guard connector located at the inlet side of the fan assembly;
an outlet fan guard connector located at the outlet side of the fan assembly;
a plurality of lever housings located between the inlet fan guard connector and the outlet fan guard connector, wherein each of the plurality of lever housings comprises (i) a lever aperture aligned with an aperture of the inlet fan guard or an aperture of the outlet fan guard and (ii) a finger lever comprising a plurality of receiving holes, each of the plurality of receiving holes being in a different orientation than the lever aperture; and
a plurality of slots, wherein each of the plurality of slots is oriented between the plurality of lever housings and the inlet fan guard connector and the outlet fan guard connector, the plurality of slots configured to secure an additional modular component.

US Pat. No. 10,655,627

MULTI-SECTION CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSOR

NUOVO PIGNONE SRL, Flore...

1. A multi-section centrifugal compressor, comprising:a first section;
a second section, and
an inter-section wall,
wherein each of the first and second sections respectively comprises:
an impeller having an axis of rotation;
a central zone;
a peripheral zone;
an inlet duct; and
a discharge duct,
wherein the inlet duct and the discharge duct are positioned in the peripheral zone, the discharge duct of the first section is in fluid communication with the inlet duct of the second section, the second section is configured to compress a fluid compressed by the first section, the discharge duct of the second section is adjacent to the inlet duct of the first section, and the discharge duct of the first section and the inlet duct of the second section are placed on opposite ends with respect to the inter-section wall, and
wherein the inter-section wall at least partially defines the discharge duct of the second section and the inlet duct of the first section.

US Pat. No. 10,655,626

LIQUID RING PUMP

Edwards Limited, Burgess...

1. A liquid ring pump (32) for treating a corrosive effluent gas stream from a processing chamber (10) which is reactive with, or soluble in, a service liquid of the pump to form corrosion products, the pump comprising:an annular pumping chamber (56, 90) which is cylindrical around a central pumping chamber axis for receiving the gas stream and a service liquid;
a rotor (54) having a rotor axis (58) which is offset from the central pumping chamber axis, the rotor having a plurality of rotor blades which, on rotation of the rotor, cause liquid in the pumping chamber to form a ring having a center coincident with the central axis of the pumping chamber and compression of effluent gas conveyed from an inlet to an outlet of the pumping chamber;
wherein the liquid ring pump comprises a drive chamber (92) in fluid communication with the pumping chamber allowing circulation of the service liquid in the drive chamber and the pumping chamber, and wherein the pumping chamber, drive chamber, magnetic follower and rotor comprise one or more materials which are resistant to the effluent gas stream and the corrosion products generated when the gas stream is treated by the service liquid and wherein the pump comprises a magnetic drive assembly for driving the rotor, the magnetic drive assembly comprising a magnetic follower (74) received in the drive chamber configured to be magnetically coupled with a magnetic drive outside the drive chamber such that when the magnetic drive is driven by a motor the magnetic follower imparts rotation to the rotor and wherein the magnetic follower (74) is fixed relative to the rotor (54) and the axial alignment of the magnetic drive and magnetic follower is arranged so that in use the magnetic drive imparts an axial thrust on the magnetic follower causing the rotor to cooperate with a thrust plate (104) for setting the axial alignment of the rotor in the pumping chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,655,625

SCROLL COMPRESSOR

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A scroll compressor comprising:a partition plate for partitioning a hermetic container into a high pressure space and a low pressure space;
a stationary scroll abutting on the partition plate and including a stationary spiral lap;
an orbiting scroll including an orbiting spiral lap engaged with the stationary spiral lap of the stationary scroll, and forming a compressing chamber between the stationary spiral lap and the orbiting spiral lap;
a self-rotation preventing member for preventing the orbiting scroll from rotating; and
a main bearing for supporting the orbiting scroll,
wherein the stationary scroll, the orbiting scroll, the self-rotation preventing member, and the main bearing are disposed in the low pressure space,
wherein the stationary scroll is movable between the partition plate and the main bearing in an axial direction,
wherein the scroll compressor further comprises:
a bearing-side engagement section formed on the main bearing;
a scroll-side engagement section formed on the stationary scroll;
a single pillar-shaped member, of which a lower section is inserted into the bearing-side engagement section, and of which an upper section is inserted into the scroll-side engagement section, the single pillar-shaped member being inserted into and fixed to the bearing-side engagement section, and also being inserted into the scroll-side engagement section in a slidable manner;
a sliding surface between the single pillar-shaped member and the scroll-side engagement section; and
a boss section formed on a top face of the stationary scroll, the boss section forming a discharge space between the partition plate and the stationary scroll,
wherein the discharge space communicates with the high pressure space via a second discharge port,
wherein a lower end-face of an engagement section between the single pillar-shaped member and the scroll-side engagement section is located above a lap end-face of the stationary spiral lap in the axial direction,
wherein a first discharge port is formed at a center portion of the boss section and a bypass port is provided near the first discharge port in the boss section,
wherein the first discharge port and the bypass port allow the compressing chamber of the scroll compressor to communicate with the discharge space, and
wherein a bypass check valve and a bypass check-valve stopper are disposed in the discharge space.

US Pat. No. 10,655,624

VANE PUMP DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING DEVIATION OF A FORCE APPLIED TO THE VANES

SHOWA CORPORATION, Gyoda...

1. A vane pump device comprising:multiple vanes;
a rotor that includes vane grooves which are recessed from an outer circumferential surface of the rotor such that the vanes are supported in such a way as to move in a radial direction of rotation, and which form center side spaces accommodating a working fluid on a rotation center side, and that rotates due to a rotating force received from a rotation shaft;
a cam ring that includes an inner circumferential surface facing the outer circumferential surface of the rotor, and surrounds the rotor;
one cover member that is disposed on one end portion side of the cam ring in a direction of a rotation axis to cover an opening of the cam ring; and
another cover member that is disposed on the other end portion side of the cam ring in the direction of the rotation axis to cover an opening of the cam ring,
wherein a first supply path is provided in a cam ring side end surface of the one cover member along a rotation direction of the rotor, and supplies the working fluid to the center side spaces,
wherein a second supply path is provided in a cam ring side end surface of the other cover member along the rotation direction of the rotor, and supplies the working fluid to the center side spaces at a position corresponding to the first supply path,
wherein the first supply path includes;
a first accommodation portion that accommodates the working fluid,
a second accommodation portion that is positioned on a downstream side of the first accommodation portion in the rotation direction, and
a first connection portion that connects the first accommodation portion and the second accommodation portion, and
wherein the second supply path includes;
a supply portion that supplies the working fluid to the first accommodation portion via the center side spaces,
an inflow portion that is provided on a downstream side of the supply portion in the rotation direction, the working fluid flowing from the second accommodation portion into the inflow portion via the center side spaces, and
a second connection portion that connects to the supply portion and the inflow portion.

US Pat. No. 10,655,623

PUMP WITH SEGMENTED FLUID END HOUSING AND IN-LINE VALVE

1. A plunger pump fluid end modular housing comprising:a central fluid module;
a plurality of packing box modules;
a plurality of suction seat modules; and
a plurality of plungers;
wherein the number of suction seat modules is equal to the number of plunger packing box modules and is also equal to the number of plungers;
wherein said central fluid module comprises a plurality of central fluid chambers and the number of said central fluid chambers equals the number of said plungers;
wherein each of said central fluid chambers comprises a plunger bore and a discharge bore;
wherein a centerline axes of a bore of each of said plurality of suction seat modules and a bore of a packing box module are colinear with a centerline axes of said plunger bore in each of said plurality of central fluid chambers;
wherein a centerline axis of the said discharge bore is perpendicular to the centerline axes of said suction seat and said plunger bore;
wherein the central fluid module is secured to a power end and said suction seat modules by stayrods that pass through stayrod bores in said central fluid module;
wherein said packing box modules are secured to said central fluid module by a plurality of packing box bolts and said packing block bolts pass through packing box bolt bores in said central fluid module; and
wherein a discharge port of said discharge bore passes between two of each of said stayrod and packing box bolt bores without piercing either of said stayrod or packing box bolt bores.

US Pat. No. 10,655,622

DUAL MODE FUEL PUMP SYSTEM

HAMILTON SUNSTRAND CORPOR...

1. A system to provide a pressurized fluid, comprising:a pump having a pump inlet and a pump outlet, the pump to provide a fluid flow;
a bypass path to direct the fluid flow from the pump outlet to the pump inlet;
a load path having a load path pressure, the load path including a fluid accumulator to accumulate a fluid volume and at least one load device;
a bypass regulator valve in exclusive fluid communication with the pump outlet, the bypass path, and the load path, the bypass regulator valve comprising a body, an inlet side of the body, an outlet side of the body opposite the inlet side and a sidewall of the body extending between the inlet and outlet sides and being disposed immediately adjacent to the pump outlet such that the bypass path and the load path directly emerge from the sidewall and the outlet side, respectively; and
a controller to direct the fluid flow to the load path in response to the load path pressure being less than a low load path threshold pressure via the bypass regulator valve and to direct the fluid flow to the bypass path in response to the load path pressure being greater than a high load path threshold pressure via the bypass regulator valve.

US Pat. No. 10,655,621

CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD OF A VFD-BASED PUMP AND PUMP SYSTEM

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A control system of a variable frequency drive (VFD) based hydraulic pump, the control system controlling an electric motor via a VFD, the electric motor driving the pump, the control system comprising:an anti-ripple injection module for injecting an anti-ripple signal into a control path, the anti-ripple signal causing pressure ripples in a pump output to be at least partially cancelled, wherein the anti-ripple signal is a periodic function of a rotation angle of a motor shaft; and
a current controller which receives a combination of a second control signal and a current feedback signal from a current sensor at an input of the electric motor, and provides a first control signal to the electric motor, wherein the second control signal is received from a speed controller which receives a combination of a third control signal and a speed feedback signal from a speed sensor at an output of the electric motor, wherein the third control signal is an output from a pressure controller;
wherein the anti-ripple injection module combines the anti-ripple signal with the second control signal and the current feedback signal at the current controller.

US Pat. No. 10,655,620

MINIATURE FLUID CONTROL DEVICE

MICROJET TECHNOLOGY CO., ...

1. A miniature fluid control device for use with a miniature pneumatic device, the miniature fluid control device comprising:a gas inlet plate comprising at least one inlet, at least one convergence channel and a central cavity, wherein a convergence chamber is defined by the central cavity, wherein after a gas is introduced into the at least one convergence channel through the at least one inlet, the gas is guided by the at least one convergence channel and converged to the convergence chamber;
a resonance plate having a central aperture corresponding to the convergence chamber of the gas inlet plate; and
a piezoelectric actuator comprising a suspension plate, an outer frame and a piezoelectric ceramic plate, wherein a length of the suspension plate is in a range between 2 mm and 4.5 mm, a width of the suspension plate is in a range between 2 mm and 4.5 mm, and a thickness of the suspension plate is in a range between 0.1 mm and 0.3 mm, wherein the outer frame comprises at least one bracket, and the suspension plate and the outer frame are connected with each other through the at least one bracket, wherein the piezoelectric ceramic plate is attached on a first surface of the suspension plate, a length of the piezoelectric ceramic plate is equal to or less than a length of the suspension plate, the length of the piezoelectric ceramic plate is in a range between 2 mm and 4.5 mm, a width of the piezoelectric ceramic plate is in a range between 2 mm and 4.5 mm, a thickness of the piezoelectric ceramic plate is in a range between 0.05 mm and 0.3 mm, and a length/width ratio of the piezoelectric ceramic plate is in a range between 0.44 and 2.25,
wherein the gas inlet plate, the resonance plate and the piezoelectric actuator are stacked on each other sequentially, and a gap is formed between the resonance plate and the piezoelectric actuator to define a first chamber, wherein when the piezoelectric actuator is actuated, the gas is fed into the miniature fluid control device through the at least one inlet of the gas inlet plate, converged to the central cavity through the at least one convergence channel, transferred through the central aperture of the resonance plate, introduced into the first chamber, transferred downwardly through a vacant space between the at least one bracket of the piezoelectric actuator, and exited from the miniature fluid control device.

US Pat. No. 10,655,619

PUMP, PUMP DEVICE, AND LIQUID SUPPLY SYSTEM

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

1. A pump device comprising:a pump including: a tube, having elasticity, in which a liquid as a target to be delivered flows; a tube housing which covers an outside of the tube and keeps a gas in an inner space between an outer surface of the tube and the tube housing; and a supply/discharge unit configured to supply the gas into the inner space and discharge the gas from the inner space so as to increase or decrease a pressure applied onto the outer surface of the tube,
a housing including:
a main part provided with a first connecting member for introducing the liquid into the pump device, and a second connecting member for discharging the liquid to an outside of the pump device; and
an extension part which has a smaller thickness than the main part and is extended outwardly from the main part,
wherein the pump device is assembled with another pump device by overlapping the extension part of the pump device with another extension part of said another pump device without overlapping the main part of the pump device with another main part of said another pump device,
the main part accommodates the supply/discharge unit,
the extension part accommodates the tube and the tube housing, and
the first connecting member, the second connecting member and the tube constitute a delivery line of the liquid, and
the main part is a unitary component,
the main part has a hexahedral shape including a pair of main surfaces, a pair of side surfaces and a pair of end surfaces,
the main surfaces have a greater area than the side surfaces and the end surfaces,
the extension part is extended outwardly in a linear shape from one of the side surfaces of the main part toward an outside of the main part.

US Pat. No. 10,655,618

NEAR ISOTHERMAL MACHINE

Michael Crowley, Frampto...

1. A machine for compressing or expanding gas comprising:a piston, a cylinder inclined to the vertical or near vertical,
a heat absorbing and releasing structure attached to and disposed orthogonally to the bottom of the piston, the piston operating downwards in a compression stroke with respect to a cylinder and upwards with respect to the cylinder in an expansion stroke, and
wherein the cylinder contains a constant volume of liquid maintained at a constant temperature and a variable volume of gas at the same constant temperature; and
an external cooling and heating circuit through which liquid from the cylinder is circulated.

US Pat. No. 10,655,617

PRECISE CONTROL OF SUCTION DAMPING DEVICE IN A VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT COMPRESSOR

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A variable displacement compressor comprising:an electrically controlled valve configured to selectively control an angle of inclination of a swashplate of the variable displacement compressor; and
a suction damping device including a rotor having a rotational axis, an aperture extending through the rotor in a direction transverse to the rotational axis, the rotor selectively rotated about the rotational axis based on a condition of the electrically controlled valve to control a flow of a fluid through the aperture of the rotor.

US Pat. No. 10,655,615

HIGH PRESSURE FLUID SYSTEM

Finishing Brands UK LTD.,...

1. A system for delivery of a high viscosity fluid, comprising:a variable speed pump;
a circuit through which the fluid is pumped by the variable speed pump, the circuit comprising a loop having a plurality of fluid off-takes and comprising at least one valve disposed along the circuit; and
a controller configured to control a position of the at least one valve and control operation and speed of the variable speed pump:
(i) to pump the fluid in the circuit in a high pressure mode, wherein the fluid flows from the variable speed pump into the loop and to the plurality of fluid off-takes in opposing flow directions along the loop in the high pressure mode, and wherein the controller is configured to control the speed of the variable speed pump to maintain a pressure of the fluid in the circuit in the high pressure mode, and
(ii) to pump the fluid around the circuit, in a single flow direction along the loop, in a low pressure mode during periods when none of the plurality of fluid off-takes are being used.

US Pat. No. 10,655,614

DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING HIGH-PRESSURE PUMP

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A pump control unit applied to a pump including a pressurizing chamber connected to an intake passage and a discharge passage for fuel, a plunger that varies a volume of the pressurizing chamber, and a control valve that is disposed in the intake passage and displaces a valve body in an axial direction due to a power supply to an electromagnetic unit to cut off a supply of fuel to the pressurizing chamber, the pump control unit causing the pump to pump a fuel discharge amount by energization of the electromagnetic unit based on an energization start timing of the electromagnetic unit, the pump control unit comprising:a noise reduction control unit that, when a predetermined execution condition is satisfied, reduces a power supplied to the electromagnetic unit during a noise reduction control operation as compared to during a normal control operation in which the execution condition is not satisfied, thereby reducing an operating noise generated along with the driving of the valve body;
a responsiveness acquisition unit that acquires a responsiveness parameter during an execution period of the noise reduction control operation, the responsiveness parameter being a parameter of time related to a responsiveness from starting the energization of the electromagnetic unit until the valve body is displaced to a valve closing position due to the energization; and
a timing calculation unit that, during a subsequent one of the noise reduction control operation which is switched from the normal control operation after the noise reduction control operation during which the responsiveness acquisition unit acquires the responsiveness parameter, calculates the energization start timing in the noise reduction control operation based on the responsiveness parameter acquired by the responsiveness acquisition unit.

US Pat. No. 10,655,613

HIGH-PRESSURE PUMP CONTROL UNIT

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A high-pressure pump control unit configured to control a high-pressure pump, the high-pressure pump including:a pressurizing chamber having an intake port and a discharge port of fuel;
a plunger configured to move back and forth in the pressurizing chamber;
a valve body configured to open and close a fuel passage that is led to the intake port;
a first spring configured to urge the valve body in a closing direction to put the valve body into a closed state in which the valve body closes the fuel passage; and
an electromagnetic actuator configured to cause an opening and closing movement of the valve body, wherein the electromagnetic actuator includes a movable portion, which is urged by
a second spring to bias the valve body in an opening direction opposite to the closing direction, and a solenoid, which is energized to draw the movable portion in a close acting direction, which is opposite to the direction in which the movable portion pushes the valve body, to put the valve body into the closed state, and in a plunger rising period, in which the plunger rises from a bottom dead center to a top dead center, the solenoid is configured to be energized to put the valve body into the closed state and to discharge fuel in the pressurizing chamber from the discharge port, the high-pressure pump control unit comprising:
a reduction control unit configured, when a condition for reducing a noise caused in the high-pressure pump is satisfied, to implement a noise reduction control to supply a second power smaller than a first power, which is supplied when the condition is not satisfied, to reduce a moving speed of the movable portion in the close acting direction for a predetermined time after an energization start timing of the solenoid in the plunger rising period, the predetermined time is shorter than an energization period in which a current flows in the solenoid; and
a closing control unit configured, when the condition is satisfied, to
cause a closing current, which is a constant current to cause an electric power greater than the first electric power for surely putting the valve body into the closed state, to flow the closing current in the solenoid when the noise reduction control is completed in the plunger rising period, and
cause a holding current to flow in the solenoid after causing the closing current in the plunger rising period, the holding current is greater than zero and is less than the closing current;
an operation determination unit configured to determine whether the valve body is put into the closed state during a period in which the reduction control unit implements the noise reduction control; and
a determination unit configured to determine the closing current, which is caused to flow in the solenoid by the closing control unit, based on a previous determination result of the operation determination unit, wherein
the determination unit is configured to
determine the closing current to be a maximum value of the current flowing in the solenoid under a previous noise reduction control, when the previous determination result of the operation determination unit is a positive determination result that the previous noise reduction control put the valve body into the closed state, and
determine the closing current to be a maximum value of the current under a recent noise reduction control that is positively determined by the operation determination unit, when the previous determination result of the operation determination unit is a negative determination result that the previous noise reduction control did not put the valve body into the closed state.

US Pat. No. 10,655,612

INTEGRATED ENERGY GENERATING DAMPER

ClearMotion, Inc., Bille...

1. A hydraulic suspension actuator of a vehicle, comprising:an integrated unit including:
a hydraulic unit;
an electric machine operatively coupled to the hydraulic unit, wherein the hydraulic unit includes a first port and a second port, wherein the hydraulic unit is configured to operate as a hydraulic pump, and wherein the electric machine is configured to operate as an electric motor;
a multi-tube damper assembly including:
an inner tube;
an outer tube that at least partially surrounds the inner tube, wherein a first volume is located between the inner tube and the outer tube;
a piston, slidably received in the inner tube, wherein the inner tube includes a second volume containing hydraulic fluid and a third volume containing hydraulic fluid, wherein the second volume and the third volume are separated by the piston, wherein the first volume is fluidly connected to at least one of the second volume and the third volume;
a compressible medium contained in a portion of the first volume;
a first fluid flow path that fluidly connects the second volume and the third volume;
a second fluid flow path that fluidly connects the second volume to the third volume, wherein the second fluid flow path bypasses the hydraulic unit; and
a first valve configured to control a fluid flow in at least one path selected from the group consisting of the first fluid flow path and the second fluid flow path.

US Pat. No. 10,655,611

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR HARVESTING ENERGY BASED ON THE RANDOM OCCURRENCE OF COMMON DIRECTION MOLECULES

1. An energy collecting device, comprising:a plate layer having a plurality of perforations for receiving a plurality of molecules;
a molecular energy collecting layer, coupled to the plate layer, having an impacting structure for receiving the plurality of molecules;
a substrate layer, coupled to the molecular energy collecting layer, having a conductor coil for collecting electrons associated with the plurality of molecules impacting the impacting structure; and
an energy storage device, coupled to the substrate layer, for storing the electrons.

US Pat. No. 10,655,610

WIRE RACES FOR WIND TURBINE BEARINGS

General Electric Company,...

1. A bearing assembly for a wind turbine, comprising;an outer race;
an inner race, wherein at least one of the inner race or the outer race comprises a plurality of gear teeth;
a plurality of rolling elements positioned between the inner and outer races such that at least one of the inner race or the outer race rotates with respect to the other, the plurality of rolling elements comprising at least one row of rolling elements; and
at least two wire races arranged with the plurality of rolling elements between the inner and outer races, wherein the inner and outer races are constructed of a first steel alloy and the at least two wire races are constructed of second steel alloy, the second steel alloy having a higher strength and an increased hardness relative to respective characteristics of the first steel alloy.

US Pat. No. 10,655,609

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REMOVAL OF A WIND TURBINE GEARBOX FROM A MAIN ROTOR SHAFT

General Electric Company,...

1. A method for removing a drive train component from a rotor shaft uptower in a wind turbine, the drive train component including opposite mounting arms that extend transversely relative to the rotor shaft, each mounting arm including a pin that extends parallel to the rotor shaft the pins seated in mounts that are fixed to a frame in the wind turbine to mount the drive train component to the frame, the method comprising:supporting the drive train component and disconnecting the pins from the mounts such that the pins are linearly movable relative to the mounts;
at a location of each mounting arm, installing a removal fixture, the removal fixture including an actuator that moves linearly essentially parallel to the rotor shaft; and
directly engaging ends of the pins with the respective actuators and controlling the actuators to linearly push the mounting arms relative to the mounts until the drive train component disengages from the rotor shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,655,608

WIND TURBINE ROTOR BLADE

Wobben Properties GmbH, ...

1. A wind turbine rotor blade comprising:a rotor blade root region,
a rotor blade tip region,
a pressure side,
a suction side,
a leading edge,
a trailing edge,
at least one fin extending along a longitudinal direction of the rotor blade, the at least one fin being configured to propagate air flow,
at least one fin drop-shaped portion arranged in a region of the at least one fin to reduce turbulence of the air flow, wherein the at least one fin drop-shaped portion has a first end, a second end, a side surface, and a recess at the side surface, wherein the first end is of a pointed configuration and the second end is of a round configuration, and
at least one deflection unit between an end of the at least one fin and the rotor blade tip region,
wherein the at least one first deflection unit is adapted to deflect the air flow.

US Pat. No. 10,655,607

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING DAMAGE IN WIND TURBINE BEARINGS

General Electric Company,...

1. A method for automatically detecting damage in a low-speed bearing of a wind turbine, the method comprising:collecting, via one or more vibration sensors, inner and outer race ball pass frequency data relating to the low-speed bearing;
storing the inner and outer race ball pass frequency data in a memory device communicatively coupled to the one or more vibration sensors;
identifying, via a processor communicatively coupled to the memory device, a plurality of harmonics in the inner and outer race ball pass frequency data that are indicative of bearing damage in the wind turbine;
eliminating, via the processor, harmonics within a specified frequency proximity to areas of high energy content representative of normal gearbox operation of the wind turbine within the inner and outer race ball pass frequency data;
determining, via the processor, increases in energy and a variance of the energy within each of the remaining harmonics of the inner and outer race ball pass frequency data;
calculating, via the processor, a damage factor of the bearing for each of the remaining harmonics as a function of both the increases in energy and the variance of the energy within each of the remaining harmonics of the inner and outer race ball pass frequency data;
comparing, via the processor, the damage factor to a predetermined damage threshold, wherein a damage factor exceeding the predetermined damage threshold is indicative of a damaged low-speed bearing; and
in response to the damage factor exceeding the predetermined damage threshold, automatically generating, via the processor, an alarm signal to an operator.

US Pat. No. 10,655,606

BLADE LOAD SENSING SYSTEM FOR A WIND TURBINE

1. A sensor system for a wind turbine, comprising: a blade load sensor; a blade temperature sensor configured to provide a blade temperature measurement at a first location of an associated blade; a load calculation module configured to output a temperature-corrected blade load value; and a processing unit interfaced with the blade temperature sensor and including: a temperature estimator configured to determine an estimated blade temperature of the blade based on a temperature at a second location, wherein the second location is different from the first location; and a comparator configured to generate a fault signal based on a comparison between the blade temperature measurement and the estimated blade temperature, wherein the processing unit is configured to determine a corrected temperature measurement in respect of at least one blade temperature sensor in circumstances where the fault signal is generated.

US Pat. No. 10,655,605

BALANCING A WIND TURBINE

1. A wind turbine having a vertical axis, the wind turbine comprising:a turbine shaft to transmit mechanical power;
a support structure, a portion of the support structure coupled to the turbine shaft;
a vane shaft coupled to the support structure;
a balancing tube coupled to the vane shaft, the balancing tube comprising a hollow chamber, wherein the support structure includes one or more support arms, at least one of the one or more support arms extending from the vane shaft to the balancing tube; and
a plurality of freely moving objects being placed within the hollow chamber of the balancing tube.

US Pat. No. 10,655,604

POWER EVACUATED, BARREL IMPELLERED, PNEUMATIC ELECTRIC GENERATING AND STORAGE SYSTEM AND METHODS (PEBI SYSTEM)

1. A vehicle mounted energy generator and storage system comprising:an air inlet facing a front of the vehicle through which incoming air enters when the vehicle is moving forward;
a turbine assembly including a barrel impeller and one or more impeller air vanes positioned on the barrel impeller such that the incoming air flowing through the air inlet applies positive pressure to a front of the one or more impeller air vanes to turn the barrel impeller and drive one or more generator/transmission assemblies to supply electric power to one or more battery packs or to provide a direct electric power source to operate the vehicle; and
an evacuation blower applying negative air pressure to a rear of the one or more impeller air vanes by evacuating incoming air through one or more air outlets not facing the front of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,655,603

VANE PITCH CONTROL OF A WIND TURBINE ASSEMBLY

1. A wind turbine pitch control apparatus, the pitch control apparatus comprising:a turbine shaft to transmit mechanical power;
a vane support structure coupled to the turbine shaft;
a vane coupled to the vane support structure through a vane shaft;
a balancing weight connected directly to a first location of an end cap of the vane; and
an alignment weight connected directly to a second location of the end cap of the vane.

US Pat. No. 10,655,602

PITCH CONTROL SYSTEM FOR PITCHING WIND TURBINE BLADE

1. A pitch control system for controlling a pitch force system including a main pitch force subsystem capable of applying a main pitch force to a blade and an auxiliary pitch force subsystem that when activated boosts a capacity of the pitch force system from a first pitch force capacity to a second pitch force capacity BY applying an auxiliary pitch force to the blade in addition to the main pitch force, the pitch control system being arranged to:estimate, at a decision point in time during which the first pitch force capacity is sufficient to pitch the blade into a target pitch value, a pitch force required to pitch the blade into the target pitch value at a future point in time; and
in response to the pitch force required to pitch the blade into the target pitch value at the future point in time being greater than the first pitch force capacity, activate the auxiliary pitch force subsystem for applying the auxiliary pitch force to the blade at an initiation point in time prior to the future point in time and during which the first pitch force capacity is still sufficient to pitch the blade into the target pitch value corresponding to the initiation point in time.

US Pat. No. 10,655,601

METHOD FOR THE INDIVIDUAL PITCH CONTROL OF ROTOR BLADES OF A WIND TURBINE, AND WIND TURBINES

1. A method for the individual pitch control of rotor blades of a wind turbine, comprising:measuring acceleration by means of a fiber-optic acceleration sensor in a rotor blade of the wind turbine;
opto-electronically converting a signal of the fiber-optic acceleration sensor;
filtering the opto-electronically converted acceleration signal by means of an analog anti-aliasing filter;
high-pass filtering the signal of the fiber-optic acceleration sensor to determine a time-variable parameter, and
setting the pitch of the rotor blade of the wind turbine using the time-variable parameter, said pitch setting being performed in the course of an individual pitch control.

US Pat. No. 10,655,600

BI-DIRECTIONAL CLUTCH FOR WIND TURBINE YAW LOCKING SYSTEM

General Electric Company,...

13. A method for bi-directional braking yaw rotation in an undesired rotational direction of a wind turbine, the method comprising:determining a desired rotational direction and an opposing undesired rotational direction around a wind turbine yaw axis of a yaw bearing ring;
indexing an activation ring of a bi-directional brake assembly so as to resist the undesired rotational direction;
releasing a first portion of a plurality of brake rollers in the bi-directional brake assembly into an unlocked overrunning position to freely rotate; and,
simultaneously wedging a second portion of the plurality of brake rollers in the bi-directional brake assembly into a locked position between at least one locking ramp and an inner or outer clutch ring to prevent undesired rotation of the yaw bearing ring.

US Pat. No. 10,655,599

WIND FARM, CONTROL METHOD THEREOF AND WIND POWER GENERATION UNIT

Doosan Heavy Industries C...

1. A wind farm that includes a plurality of wind power generation units divided into a plurality of control groups, the wind farm comprising:a sensor configured to sense an external environment risk element that is present at the sensor, the sensor being mounted with respect to the wind farm including the divided plurality of wind power generation units, the external environment risk element including wind containing at least one of dust detectable by the sensor and sand detectable by the sensor; and
a controller configured to receive a risk signal from the mounted sensor and to control the wind power generation units in the wind farm, wherein
when the risk signal is received, the configured controller controls the wind power generation units by controlling the wind power generation units respectively belonging to the plurality of control groups at a distance from the sensor, where the division of the wind power generation units into the plurality of control groups is based on distance from the sensor at which the external environment risk element is sensed, and
the control is carried out in consecutive order starting from the wind power generation units belonging to the control group within a shortest distance from the sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,655,598

COUNTER-ROTATING VERTICAL AXIS WIND TURBINE WITH DEFLECTOR AND VORTEX GENERATORS

City University of Hong K...

1. A counter-rotating vertical axis wind turbine, comprising:two counter-rotating rotors, where a first rotor is mounted on a first vertical axis of rotation and a second rotor is mounted on a second vertical axis of rotation;
a frame that extends between and supports the first rotor and the second rotor, where the frame rotates about an intermediate axis of rotation that is positioned at a midpoint between the first rotor and the second rotor;
a deflector to accelerate oncoming wind toward the first rotor and the second rotor, the deflector mounted to the frame and positioned between the first rotor and the second rotor, where the deflector comprises a vertex, a first deflecting surface extending from the vertex toward the first rotor, and a second deflecting surface extending from the vertex toward the second rotor,
one or more vortex generators positioned on the first and second deflecting surfaces; and
a vane mounted to the frame and to orient the vertex of the deflector to face oncoming wind.

US Pat. No. 10,655,597

WIND TURBINE ROTOR BLADE COMPONENTS AND METHODS OF MAKING SAME

SENVION GMBH, Hamburg (D...

1. A method for providing, storing, dispensing, tapering and cutting a preform layer of material to form a structural element for use in a wind turbine blade comprising the steps of:a) providing a rectangular form of a preform layer of material having a length dimension and a width dimension, the preform layer of material being comprised of multiple elongate strength rods and a carrier layer, the multiple elongate strength rods being arranged on the carrier layer longitudinally and parallel relative to one another and parallel to the length dimension of the preform layer of material in a single layer, each strength rod being disposed adjacent to and spaced from at least one adjacent strength rod;
b) then fixing the multiple strength rods to the carrier layer by an adhesive;
c) then storing the preform layer of material provided from steps (a) and (b) in a coiled lengths form;
d) then dispensing lengths of the preform layer of material from the coiled lengths form;
e) then partially grinding through portions across the width of the preform layer of material dispensed from step (d) at predetermined lengths along the length of the preform layer of material to form a V-shape across the width of the preform layer of material; and
f) then cutting the grinded portions of material at the vertex of the V-shape to produce cut preform layers of predetermined lengths.

US Pat. No. 10,655,596

WIND POWER SYSTEM

GAIA S.R.L., Bologna (IT...

1. A wind power system, comprising at least one rotor, which controls at least one respective driven utility apparatus, and at least one stator, wherein said at least one rotor is provided with a plurality of vanes that have a substantially flat profile, are arranged radially, and are inclined with respect to the rotation axis of the rotor by an angle comprised between 25° and 90°, and further comprise a reticular structure comprising a plurality of cables that connect an upper end of said reticular structure to a central body of said rotor, said stator, which is arranged upstream of said at least one rotor, being provided with a tubular body, which is coaxial to a shaft of said rotor and coaxial to a substantially cylindrical outer enclosure, said tubular body being provided with a tapered end fairing and with respective curved blades that are profiled to direct the air entering said stator toward the outer portion of said rotor onto said vanes, according to a preset angle of incidence that is adapted to maximize the yield of the wind power system, between the inner walls of said enclosure, two adjacent blades and said tubular body there being a forced path for the air entering said system, wherein said central body of said rotor comprises two flanges for supporting said vanes, said flanges having a different and smaller diameter than the diameter of said rotor, and being arranged in series and connected by rods that are arranged parallel to the shaft of said rotor.

US Pat. No. 10,655,595

METHOD FOR OPERATION OF HYDROPOWER RESERVOIR WITH A 2-PARAMETER ELEVATION RULE CURVE

1. A method for operating a hydropowered reservoir, the method providing an increase in average annual energy produced by the reservoir in comparison with energy generated by the reservoir when operated in accordance with a Rule Curve generated in accordance with a United States Army Corps of Engineers (“USACE”) operational strategy, without reducing annual firm energy yield for the reservoir, the method comprising:estimating continuous power and firm energy yield of the reservoir in accordance with the USACE operational strategy;
determining a first Rule Curve for the reservoir in accordance with the USACE operational strategy;
determining two variants of a composite monthly maximum parameter for generation of continuous power and firm energy at the reservoir;
generating a second Rule Curve for the reservoir which considers the water level of the reservoir at the beginning of each month and one of the two variants of the composite monthly maximum parameter or a linear combination of the two variants of the composite monthly maximum parameter; and
operating the reservoir in accordance with the second Rule Curve.

US Pat. No. 10,655,594

UNIAXIAL POWER CONVERTING APPARATUS

INGINE, INC., Seoul (KR)...

1. A uniaxial power converting apparatus comprising:a buoyant unit moored to the seafloor;
wires by which the buoyant unit is moored and to which kinetic energy of waves is input, the wires comprising three or more wires connected to the buoyant unit, each of the wires having a first end connected to the buoyant unit and a second end;
a plurality of redirecting units around which the wires are wound and changing a direction of the wire;
a generator;
a power converting module transmitting tension of the wire to the generator,
wherein the power converting module comprises:
a power shaft connected with the generator, the power shaft being a single power shaft;
a plurality of drums on which the second ends of the wires are wound;
unidirectional rotary members disposed between the drums and the power shaft; and
a restoring member connected to the drums and comprising at least one of a spiral spring, a spring, and a weight that rotates the drum in the backward direction,
wherein a driving force is transmitted to the power shaft from the drum; the number of the drums is at least the number of the wires connected to the buoyant unit;
the drums are arranged at different positions in a longitudinal direction of the power shaft and unwinding directions of the wires are the same;
the power converting module drives the generator by only the single power shaft on which the drums are installed;
each of the drums is formed in a cylindrical shape and each of the drums is rotated in a forward direction in which the wire is unwound and in a backward direction in which the wire is wound;
the drums are rotated in the forward direction when the wires are pulled by the buoyant unit, and are rotated in the backward direction so that the wires are wound when a force of the buoyant unit pulling the wires is removed;
the power shaft is a rotary shaft of the drums by the unidirectional rotary members and is rotated only in the forward direction regardless of a rotational directions of the drums; and
wherein, when a wave is gone and the tension of the wires is removed, the wires are rewound on the drums to prepare for a next wave, and the drums are rotated backward for rewinding the wires.

US Pat. No. 10,655,593

IGNITION DEVICE

1. An ignition device for an internal combustion engine, the ignition device comprising:a housing;
a crankshaft sensor for detecting a rotational speed and/or a position of a crankshaft;
at least one ignition transformer having a primary winding and having a secondary winding for generating an ignition spark for the internal combustion engine;
the housing having at least one input port for connecting an electrical power source for supplying the at least one ignition transformer and/or for supplying a sensor and/or control signal; and
the housing having at least one output port for connecting at least one spark plug and/or for emitting a control signal,
wherein the crankshaft sensor and the at least one ignition transformer, including the primary winding and the secondary winding, are provided inside of the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,655,592

CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR LEAN BURN SPARK IGNITION ENGINES

Cummins Inc., Columbus, ...

1. A system comprising:an electronic controller configured to:
determine an adjusted condition level based on a first condition level and a target condition level;
determine, based at least in part on the adjusted condition level, a first adjusted spark timing value, the first adjusted spark timing value configured to adjust a spark timing event in one or more cylinders of an engine to attain a second condition level, the second condition level being around or within the target condition level;
determine a second adjusted spark timing value based on a target spark timing value and the first adjusted spark timing value after implementing the first adjusted spark timing value; and
determine, based at least in part on the second adjusted spark timing value, an adjusted air-to-fuel ratio used to maintain approximately the second condition level when the sparking timing event is operated at approximately the target spark timing value.

US Pat. No. 10,655,591

MULTIPLE-KEYED FLYWHEEL AND ENGINE CRANKSHAFT

Kohler Co., Kohler, WI (...

1. An apparatus comprising:a shaft comprising a first shaft slot and a second shaft slot;
a rotational element comprising a magnet for use with an ignition module and a center bore comprising a first rotational element slot and a second rotational element slot on a circumference of the center bore; and
a key configured to align the shaft to the rotation element, wherein when a first ignition timing is selected, the first shaft slot is aligned to the first rotational element slot in a first position and, when a second ignition timing is selected, the second shaft slot is aligned to the second rotational element slot in a second position.

US Pat. No. 10,655,590

VEHICLE

MITSUBISHI JIDOSHA KOGYO ...

1. A vehicle that performs notification about an open/closed state of a lid member covering an interface for supplying driving energy, the vehicle comprising:a notification portion that performs notification when the lid member is in the open state; and
a connection detecting portion that detects a connection state of a driving energy supply device to the interface,
the vehicle further comprising:
a speed detecting portion that detects a running speed of the vehicle,
wherein the notification portion suspends notification when the driving energy supply device is connected to the interface during the open state of the lid member, and
wherein the notification portion suspends notification when the detected running speed of the vehicle becomes equal to or higher than a predetermined speed during the open state of the lid member.

US Pat. No. 10,655,589

METHOD FOR MESHING A STARTING PINION WITH A TOOTHED RING OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

SEG Automotive Germany Gm...

1. A method for actuating a starter device (10), wherein the starter device (10) has a starting pinion (22) which is provided to be meshed with a toothed ring (25) of an internal combustion engine (210), wherein the internal combustion engine (210) has a drive shaft (222), the method comprising:a. detecting firstly a rotational speed (n, n1, n2, n3) of the drive shaft (222) in a previously determined position with a specific angle (an, aOT, aUT),
b. comparing the detected rotational speed (n, n1, n2, n3) with a predefined rotational speed value (nG), and
c. initiating the pre-engagement of the starting pinion (22) in the direction of the toothed ring (25) if the rotational speed (n, n1, n2, n3) is lower than or equal to the predefined rotational speed value (nG) and a further predefined condition (nStart, tStart, aStart) is met;
wherein the further predefined condition is reaching a further specific angular position or a further predefined rotational speed value.

US Pat. No. 10,655,588

RESTART CONTROL SYSTEM

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A restart control system applied to a vehicle including an internal-combustion engine, a rotating electrical machine capable of performing power generation using torque transmitted from an output shaft of the internal-combustion engine and providing a rotation torque to the output shaft, a starter motor configured to start the internal-combustion engine, a rotational speed detection unit configured to detect a rotational speed of the internal-combustion engine, and an automatic stop restart control function for performing automatic stop and automatic restart of the internal-combustion engine, comprising:a rotational angle estimation unit configured to estimate a rotational angle of the rotating electrical machine in a state in which the rotational speed of the internal-combustion engine detected by the rotational speed detection unit is higher than an estimation threshold and configured not to estimate the rotational angle of the rotating electrical machine in a state in which the rotational speed of the internal-combustion engine is lower than the estimation threshold;
a rotating electrical machine control unit configured to increase the rotational speed of the internal-combustion engine using the rotating electrical machine under a condition where a predetermined restart condition is satisfied and the rotational angle of the rotating electrical machine is estimated by the rotational angle estimation unit, thereby restarting the internal-combustion engine; and
a starter motor control unit configured to start driving of the starter motor under a condition where the predetermined restart condition is satisfied and the rotational speed of the internal-combustion engine falls below a predetermined rotational speed set lower than the estimation threshold, thereby increasing the rotational speed of the internal-combustion engine to the estimation threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,655,587

ENGINE STOP/START CONTROL APPARATUS

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An engine stop/start control apparatus which is applied to an engine in which a throttle valve is provided to an intake part, and which automatically stops the engine in association with fulfillment of a predetermined automatic stop condition, and, thereafter restarts the engine in association with fulfillment of a predetermined restart condition, the engine stop/start control apparatus comprising:a throttle control section configured to maintain an opening degree of the throttle valve larger than an opening degree in an idle rotating state of the engine in a rotation drop period until engine speed drops to zero after combustion of the engine is stopped due to the automatic stop of the engine;
a resonance range determining section configured to determine that the engine speed is within a predetermined rotation speed range including at least a resonance range of the engine in the rotation drop period; and
a rotation drop control section configured to, in a case where it is determined that the engine speed is within the predetermined rotation speed range, perform rotation drop processing of temporarily increasing a drop rate of the engine speed.

US Pat. No. 10,655,586

RUNNING CONTROL APPARATUS AND RUNNING CONTROL SYSTEM

Hitachi Automotive System...

1. An apparatus for controlling an engine of a vehicle, the apparatus comprising:a stereo camera that is mechanically coupled to the vehicle and configured to generate a distance image from two acquired images;
an Electronic Control Unit (ECU) that is installed in the vehicle and communicatively coupled to the stereo camera,
wherein the ECU is configured to:
acquire images of a moving object from the stereo camera, wherein the moving object is moving towards an intersection that intersects a direction of travel of the vehicle;
calculate an acceleration of the moving object with regard to the intersection based on the acquired images; and
on a condition that the acceleration calculated indicates that the moving object is accelerating towards the intersection, automatically stop the engine.

US Pat. No. 10,655,585

HIGH-PRESSURE FUEL SUPPLY PUMP HAVING ELECTROMAGNETICALLY-DRIVEN INTAKE VALVE

Hitachi Automotive System...

1. A fuel supply pump, comprising:a pressurizing chamber;
a piston plunger reciprocating within the pressurizing chamber;
an electromagnetically-driven intake valve mechanism provided at an inlet of the pressurizing chamber;
an anchor;
a plunger rod;
a fixed core; and
a yoke, wherein
the electromagnetically-driven intake valve mechanism includes the anchor which pulls the plunger rod, the fixed core which attracts the anchor, and the yoke in which an inner peripheral part has the fixed core and the anchor and the inner peripheral part contacts the fixed core,
the yoke has an inner peripheral surface and a bottom surface being perpendicular to the inner peripheral surface,
the fixed core has a lower surface being located opposite to the anchor,
the lower surface of the fixed core is fixed to the bottom surface of the yoke, and
a through hole is formed at the lower surface of the fixed core.

US Pat. No. 10,655,584

GASOLINE DIRECT INJECTION RAIL

USUI CO., LTD., Sunto-gu...

1. A gasoline direct injection rail comprising:a steel rail body;
an inlet part provided integrally with or separately from a first end of the rail body and comprising therein a communication passage in communication with a fuel passage of the rail body; and
a plurality of injector holders in communication with the fuel passage, wherein
the communication passage of the inlet part has an attachment hole for attaching a stainless orifice member formed separately from the rail body,
the orifice member has an outer circumferential thread,
an inner circumferential surface of the attachment hole has:
an inner circumferential thread that can be screw-fitted to the outer circumferential thread of the orifice member; and
a screw stopper that does not form the inner circumferential thread,
an inner circumferential step projected inward is not provided on the inner circumference surface of the attachment hole, and
the orifice member is screw-fixed to the communication passage.

US Pat. No. 10,655,583

OPTIMUM CURRENT DRIVE FOR A ACTUATOR CONTROL

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for operating an electromagnetic actuator, comprising:an actuation event utilizing a current waveform for the actuator characterized by
an initial peak pull-in current in a first direction of current flow when the actuator is commanded to an actuated position; and
a reversed peak current in a second opposite direction of current flow applied after the actuator is commanded to a rest position, the reversed peak current having a magnitude that is greater than the magnitude of the initial peak pull-in current;
wherein the magnitude of the reversed peak current is determined as a function of a dwell time before a subsequent actuation event; and
wherein the dwell time is greater than a dwell time threshold that is associated with producing deviations in the subsequent actuation event.

US Pat. No. 10,655,582

LOW-PRESSURE FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM

1. A fuel supply system for an internal combustion engine, the fuel supply system comprising:a plurality of fuel injection pumps, each fuel injection pump of the plurality of fuel injection pumps being configured to pressurize fuel and provide the pressurized fuel to an associated fuel injector;
a low-pressure fuel supply line fluidly connected to the plurality of fuel injection pumps and configured to provide fuel from a fuel supply tank to the plurality of fuel injection pumps;
a low-pressure fuel return line fluidly connected to the plurality of fuel injection pumps and configured to return remaining fuel from the plurality of fuel injection pumps to the fuel supply tank;
a first fuel cut-off valve disposed in the low-pressure fuel supply line, the fuel supply tank being in fluid communication with the plurality of fuel injection pumps via the first fuel cut-off valve;
a purge gas supply line fluidly connected to the low-pressure fuel supply line via a purge gas control valve; and
a controller operatively coupled to the first fuel cut-off valve, the controller being configured to
receive a stop signal while the internal combustion engine is operating to produce mechanical power from the fuel supplied from the fuel supply tank,
stop operation of the internal combustion engine in response to the stop signal by closing the first fuel cut-off valve, thereby blocking fluid communication between the fuel supply tank and the plurality of fuel injection pumps, and
purge the low-pressure fuel supply line while the internal combustion engine is operating, by opening the purge gas control valve in response to receiving the stop signal.

US Pat. No. 10,655,581

FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM FOR LPG VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A fuel supply system for a liquefied-petroleum-gas (LPG) vehicle, comprising:a first fuel supply line connected to an engine and to a fuel pump mounted in an LPG bombe;
a 3-way solenoid valve mounted on a rear end portion of the first fuel supply line;
a regulator mounted on a front end portion of the first fuel supply line and include a solenoid valve that allows or blocks a flow of LPG fuel toward the engine and a pressure sensor configured to measure a pressure in a fuel line through which the LPG fuel flows;
a second fuel supply line branched from the 3-way solenoid valve and connected to the first fuel supply line near a regulator inlet;
an auxiliary pump assembly mounted on the second fuel supply line to pressurize the fuel flowing through the second fuel supply line to a reference pressure or greater and remove vapor contained in the fuel; and
a controller configured to turn the 3-way solenoid valve on or off and operate the auxiliary pump assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,655,580

HIGH PRESSURE FUEL SUPPLY PUMP

Hitachi Automotive System...

1. A high pressure fuel supply pump comprising:a fuel suction port connected to an upstream low pressure pipe;
a low pressure passage;
an electromagnetic suction valve driven by an electromagnetic force;
a pressurizing chamber in which the volume thereof is increased or reduced by a plunger that is reciprocatingly moved by being guided by a cylinder;
a discharge valve provided at an outlet of the pressurizing chamber are sequentially arranged, wherein
a fuel is sucked to the pressurizing chamber through the electromagnetic suction valve, and
the amount of a part of the fuel, which is sucked to the pressurizing chamber, to be returned to the low pressure passage side is adjusted so that the amount of the fuel to be discharged through the discharge valve is controlled;
a suction joint attached to a pump main body, wherein the suction joint is provided outside a cover and the pump main body;
a backflow suppression mechanism for suppressing backflow of fuel from fuel suction portion to the low pressure pipe side and being provided in the suction joint; and
a mechanism in the low pressure passage configured to reduce pressure pulsation, wherein the pressure pulsation reduction mechanism is communicated with an auxiliary chamber in which the volume thereof is increased or reduced by the plunger that is reciprocatingly moved by being guided by the cylinder, and the plunger includes, on a side opposite from the pressurizing chamber, a small diameter portion having a diameter smaller than that of a large diameter portion, which is guided by the cylinder, the auxiliary chamber presenting a volume change that is contrary to a volume change of the pressurizing chamber through reciprocating movement of the plunger is formed around the small diameter portion of the plunge, and the auxiliary chamber is connected to the low pressure passage,
a hole formed in the electromagnetic suction valve, and a suction valve biasing spring biasing the electromagnetic suction valve are provided inside the pump main body, an upstream side and a downstream side of the backflow suppression mechanism communicate with each other only through a passage provided with the backflow suppression mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,655,579

FUEL SUPPLY SYSTEM

Nikki Co., Ltd., (JP)

1. A fuel supply system disposed in a fuel supply channel extending from a fuel tank to an engine, comprising:a housing including a housing body in which a fuel storage tank serving as a reservoir tank as well and a lid covering an opening of the housing body in an air-tight manner;
a fuel pump configured to pneumatically supply stored fuel;
a regulator configured to regulate a pressure of the pneumatically supplied fuel to a predetermined pressure to return excess fuel to the fuel storage tank;
a regulator holding member configured to support the regulator over the fuel storage tank; and
a fuel storage volume adjusting unit configured to maintain a liquid surface of the stored fuel in the fuel storage tank at a fixed level; wherein
the fuel supply system supplies fuel under a predetermined pressure to the engine from a fuel discharging pipe formed protruding externally on the lid,
the fuel pump, the regulator, the regulator holding member, and the fuel storage volume adjusting unit are stored in the housing,
the regulator holding member holds the regulator on an upper surface side of the regulator holding member, and
the regulator holding member is formed in such a manner in a planar view as to fill most of interspace formed in the opening of the housing body, except for an upper end side of the fuel pump, to close the top of the fuel storage tank with the lid and decrease a range of movement of the liquid surface of the stored fuel,
wherein the lid includes an atmosphere communication path communicating inside and outside of the housing, the regulator holding member includes a support formed protruding from an upper surface of the regulator holding member, and supporting a valve ball which closes an opening of the atmosphere communication path under the atmosphere communication path, and the support includes predetermined irregularity formed on an upper end surface of the support at least near the lid, whereby the irregularity serves as resistance when the stored fuel enters the atmosphere communication path in a case where the fuel supply system is in an overturned state.

US Pat. No. 10,655,578

INTAKE DUCT STRUCTURE OF ENGINE INTAKE SYSTEM FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. An intake duct structure of an engine intake system for an internal combustion engine of a vehicle, the intake duct structure comprising:a passage portion internally defining an air passage having an air inlet located in an upstream end part of the passage portion and an air outlet located in a downstream end part of the passage portion, the passage portion extending above a structural member of a vehicle body; and
a resonator portion depending from the downstream end part of the passage portion and internally defining a resonator chamber;
wherein the passage portion is provided with a bottom surface configured to rest on an upper surface of the structural member, and the resonator portion is provided with a vertical surface opposing a vertical surface of the structural member and formed by combining an upstream side half positioned on an upstream side with respect to an air flow direction in the passage portion and a downstream side half positioned on a downstream side with respect to the air flow direction in the passage portion,
wherein the upstream end part of the passage portion is formed by combining a lower half and an upper half, and the lower half is integrally formed with the upstream side half, and
wherein the lower half is integrally provided at a downstream end thereof with an annular portion, and the upper half is provided with a semi-cylindrical portion that fits upon an upper half of the annular portion.

US Pat. No. 10,655,577

INTAKE STRUCTURE FOR VEHICLE ENGINE

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. An intake structure for an internal combustion engine of a vehicle, comprising:an intake passage member internally defining an intake passage having an air inlet and an air outlet; and
an onboard device provided in an engine room of the vehicle and provided with a cooling device for cooling the onboard device;
wherein the intake passage member is provided in proximity of the onboard device and has an opposing wall opposing the onboard device;
the opposing wall of the intake passage has a substantially planar outer wall surface; and
the intake passage defined in the intake passage member is curved in a plane in parallel with the outer wall surface of the opposing wall and substantially overlaps with the onboard device over an entire length thereof as viewed in a direction perpendicular to the plane in parallel with the outer wall surface of the opposing wall.

US Pat. No. 10,655,576

SECONDARY AIR INJECTION SYSTEM

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

8. A secondary air injection system comprising:an engine including at least a cylinder that generates a driving torque of a vehicle by combustion of a fuel;
a main line which is connected to at least one of an exhaust manifold and an exhaust line which is connected to the at least a cylinder;
a turbocharger including a turbine which is provided in the exhaust line and rotates by an exhaust gas flowing through the exhaust line and a compressor which is provided in an intake line and rotates by a torque of the turbine to compress intake air flowing through the intake line connected to an intake manifold;
a recirculation line which is branched from the main line and connected to the intake line at an upstream side of the compressor;
an air injection line which is branched from the main line and connected to the intake line at a downstream side of the compressor;
a bypass line which is branched from a first side of the intake line and connected to a second side of the intake line;
an electric supercharger which is provided in the intake line;
a. recirculation valve which is provided in the recirculation line to control an amount of a recirculation has recirculated through the main line and the recirculation line:
a three-way air amount control valve which is provided at location where the air injection line and the intake fine are connected and controls an air amount injected to the at least one of the exhaust manifold and the exhaust line through the air injection line and the main line; and
a bypass valve provided in the bypass line.

US Pat. No. 10,655,575

INTAKE SYSTEM PIPING STRUCTURE OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. An intake system piping structure of an internal combustion engine, comprising:an intake manifold connected to an end-side first cylinder and an end-side second cylinder of the internal combustion engine which are provided farthest from each other in a cylinder bank in which a plurality of cylinders is placed in line; and
an intercooler of which an upper end is connected to a lower end of the intake manifold, wherein
the intake manifold and the intercooler are arranged in front of the internal combustion engine to stand upward above an intake air passage member, connected to a lower end of the intercooler, substantially in a direction of a cylinder bank direction center line in center between an axial center line of the end-side first cylinder and an axial center line of the end-side second cylinder,
a widthwise center of the intercooler on a side of an intake inlet and a widthwise center of the intercooler on a side of the manifold are offset to a side of the end-side second cylinder from the cylinder bank direction center line, and
the intercooler is arranged in such a manner that
an offset amount of the widthwise center of the intercooler on the side of the intake inlet from the cylinder bank direction center line is greater than an offset amount of the widthwise center of the intercooler on the side of the manifold from the cylinder bank direction center line.

US Pat. No. 10,655,574

SIDE-BY-SIDE VEHICLE

KAWASAKI JUKOGYO KABUSHIK...

1. A side-by-side vehicle comprising:a vehicle body frame including a cabin frame part surrounding a riding space in which seats for a driver and a passenger are provided;
a driving power unit which is supported by the vehicle body frame and generates driving power for allowing the side-by-side vehicle to travel;
a continuously variable transmission to which the driving power is transmitted from the driving power unit, in a state in which the continuously variable transmission is supported by the vehicle body frame;
an air-intake unit including in an inside thereof, an air-intake passage through which intake-air flows to the continuously variable transmission, and an air inlet through which the intake-air is introduced into the air-intake passage; and
a cargo carrier having a loading space with a depressed shape in a state in which the cargo carrier is supported by the vehicle body frame,
wherein the air-intake unit is disposed so that the air inlet is directed downward and faces a surface of the cargo carrier.

US Pat. No. 10,655,573

ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY ENERGY SAVING DEVICE

HONG JIE SHENG INTERNATIO...

1. An environmentally friendly energy saving device, comprising:a hollow metal outer pipe;
a hollow metal inner pipe inserted in the hollow metal outer pipe, and including a middle portion defining a receiving chamber with respect to the hollow metal outer pipe, two connecting portions located at two ends of the middle portion and extended out from two ends of the hollow metal outer pipe, and a thinning groove formed in the middle portion and in communication with the receiving chamber, wherein the hollow metal inner pipe includes a fuel channel running through the two connecting portions for passage of fuel;
a reaction unit formed by filling far infrared powder into the receiving chamber and the thinning groove and pressurizing the far infrared powder into a block, wherein the reaction unit includes a first reaction portion located in the receiving chamber, and a second reaction portion located in the thinning groove, a pressure for pressurizing the far infrared powder into a block is 30 kg/cm2 to 32 kg/cm2; and
two covers disposed at two ends of the hollow metal outer pipe to seal off two ends of the receiving chamber, wherein the two connecting portions of the hollow metal inner pipe extend out of the two covers, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,655,572

EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION VALVE

AISAN KOGYO KABUSHIKI KAI...

1. An exhaust gas recirculation valve comprising:a housing;
a passage provided in the housing and allowing exhaust gas recirculation gas to flow therein;
a valve seat including a valve hole provided in the passage,
the valve seat including an annular seat surface formed in the valve hole;
a valve element provided in the passage and allowed to be seated on the valve seat,
the valve element of a circular disc shape including an annular sealing surface on an outer periphery in correspondence with the seat surface; and
a rotary shaft including an attachment part to which the valve element is attached, the rotary shaft being rotatable to open and close the valve element,
the exhaust gas recirculation valve being configured to rotate the rotary shaft to rotate the valve element to perform valve opening operation from a valve fully-closed state where the valve element is seated on the valve seat and the sealing surface contacts the seat surface,
wherein the valve hole of the valve seat includes an upstream-side flow rate regulation part radially expanded and tapered toward an upstream side of the EGR gas flow on an upstream side of the seat surface,
the valve element is partitioned into a first side part and a second side part with respect to a boundary defined by a virtual plane extending along an axis of the rotary shaft and configured to perform the valve opening operation from the valve fully-closed state such that the first side part rotates toward a downstream side of the exhaust gas recirculation gas from the seat surface and the second side part rotates toward the upstream-side flow rate regulation part from the seat surface, and
assuming that a valve open degree of the valve element in the valve fully-closed state is defined as 0% and the valve opening degree of the valve element in the valve fully-open state is defined as 100% after gradual increase in the valve open degree according to the valve opening operation of the valve element, a height dimension of the upstream-side flow rate regulation part in an axial direction of the valve hole is defined by the valve open degree at the time when the sealing surface of the second side part starts to move upstream of the upstream-side flow rate regulation part, and the valve open degree is set in a range of 30% to 40%.

US Pat. No. 10,655,571

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ENGINE CONTROL

Transportation IP Holding...

1. A method, comprising:setting a target exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) rate based on one or more of engine load, engine speed, combustion stability, particulate matter concentration, intake manifold oxygen concentration, or NOx emissions;
responsive to a determined operating condition, injecting fuel to less than all cylinders of a subset of cylinders of a first cylinder group to obtain a second EGR rate that has a higher oxygen concentration than the target EGR rate, wherein the subset of cylinders includes less than all cylinders of the first cylinder group and the first cylinder group provides exhaust gas through an EGR passage structure fluidly coupled between the first cylinder group and an intake passage structure; and
injecting fuel to at least one cylinder of a second cylinder group, wherein the second cylinder group provides substantially no exhaust gas through the EGR passage structure.

US Pat. No. 10,655,570

GASOLINE VAPOR EXTRACTION AND STORAGE WITHIN A VEHICLE FUEL TANK SYSTEM

FCA US LLC, Auburn Hills...

1. An evaporative emissions (EVAP) system for a vehicle, the system comprising:an auxiliary vapor canister that is distinct from a primary vapor canister of the EVAP system and that is configured to store fuel vapor evaporated from a liquid fuel housed in a fuel tank of the vehicle;
a three-way valve disposed between the primary vapor canister, the auxiliary vapor canister, and the fuel tank; and
a controller configured to:
command the three-way valve to a first position that fluidly connects the auxiliary vapor canister and a bottom portion of the fuel tank;
control at least one of an engine of the vehicle and a purge pump of the EVAP system disposed between the engine and the primary and auxiliary vapor canisters to create a vacuum condition in the fuel tank that draws fuel vapor therefrom and into the auxiliary vapor canister for storage;
command the three-way valve to a second position that fluidly connects the bottom portion of the fuel tank to an atmosphere outside of the EVAP system thereby generating additional fuel vapor in the fuel tank and returning the fuel tank to an atmospheric condition;
command the three-way valve to a third position that fluidly connects the auxiliary vapor canister to the atmosphere; and
control at least one of the engine and the purge pump to draw the fuel vapor from the auxiliary vapor canister into the engine.

US Pat. No. 10,655,569

LEAKAGE PREVENTION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Hamilton Sundstrand Corpo...

1. A leak detection and mitigation system, comprising:a gas flow path extending from a gas outlet of a fuel degassing device;
an orifice in the gas flow path;
a leak protection valve positioned in the gas flow path for leak mitigation; and
a sensor in the gas flow path upstream from the orifice, wherein the sensor is configured to detect a fuel leak into the gas flow path, wherein the sensor is a position sensor operatively connected to the leak protection valve to detect a fuel leak in the gas flow path based on a position of a valve piston of the valve.

US Pat. No. 10,655,568

FUEL VAPOR PURGE SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DIAGNOSING LEAKAGE OF FUEL VAPOR USING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A fuel vapor purge system comprising:a turbocharger which includes a turbine disposed in an exhaust line through which exhaust gas discharged from an engine flows, and a compressor which rotates in conjunction with the turbine and compresses intake gas to be supplied into the engine;
a canister which is connected to a fuel tank through a vapor line and collects fuel vapor of fuel stored in the fuel tank;
a fuel pressure sensor which is configured to detect pressure in the fuel tank;
a canister closing valve which selectively closes an atmospheric path provided in the canister;
a purge control solenoid valve which is disposed in a main purge line connected to the canister and selectively closes the fuel vapor collected at the canister;
a first check valve which is disposed in a first purge line that branches off from the main purge line and merges into the intake line at a downstream portion of the compressor of the turbocharger, and prevents the fuel vapor flowing along the first purge line from flowing reversely;
a second check valve which is disposed in a second purge line that branches off from the main purge line and merges into the intake line at an upstream portion of the compressor, and prevents the fuel vapor flowing along the second purge line from flowing reversely;
a differential pressure generating valve which is disposed in the intake line at an upstream portion of the compressor, and generates a negative pressure; and
an intake pressure sensor which is disposed in the intake line between the differential pressure generating valve and the compressor.

US Pat. No. 10,655,567

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING ENGINE INTAKE MANIFOLD CONFIGURABILITY TO OPTIMIZE PERFORMANCE

Innovate Engineering LLC,...

1. A system for optimizing performance of an engine having an air inlet device and a cylinder head, the system comprising:an intake manifold comprising an upper mount, a plenum floor, a lower mount defining a plurality of intake openings, and a plurality of intake runners communicating between the plenum floor and the plurality of intake openings in the lower mount, wherein the upper mount is configured to be coupled to the air inlet device and the lower mount is configured to be coupled to the cylinder head such that the intake manifold provides air from the air inlet device to the cylinder head, and wherein the plenum floor defines a plenum opening;
a mountable device having an upper portion and a lower portion, wherein the entirety of the mountable device is configured to be inserted through the upper mount of the intake manifold and coupled to the plenum floor such that the mountable device covers the plenum opening, and such that at least the upper portion of the mountable device remains between the upper mount and the plenum floor; and
a fixation system that prevents the mountable device from decoupling from the plenum floor during operation of the engine, and wherein the fixation system prevents misalignment between the mountable device and the intake manifold;
wherein the mountable device is interchangeable without removing the intake manifold from the engine.

US Pat. No. 10,655,566

GAS VALVE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A gas valve for dosing a gaseous fuel into an intake tract of an internal combustion engine, the gas valve comprising an electromagnet (1) acting on a reciprocating armature (2) which is loaded in a direction of at least one valve seat (3) by a spring force of a spring (4), and a damping device (5) for reducing a speed of the armature (2) at least over a partial range of a stroke of the armature, wherein the armature includes a shoulder (8), wherein the damping device comprises first and second fluid filled, variable damping volumes (5.1, 5.2) separated in a gas-tight manner from a region (30) charged with the gas to be dosed in, wherein the first and second fluid filled, variable damping volumes (5.1, 5.2) are connected via a throttle (6) formed in a throttle plate (7), the throttle plate (7) being arranged between the first damping volume and the second damping volume (5.1, 5.2) and supported by the shoulder (8), wherein the throttle plate (7) is connected fixedly to the armature (2) or is prestressed axially against the shoulder (8) of the armature (2) by the spring force of the spring (4).

US Pat. No. 10,655,564

THRUST REVERSER SYSTEM WITH HIDDEN BLOCKER DOORS

Rohr, Inc., Chula Vista,...

1. An assembly for an aircraft propulsion system with an axial centerline, comprising:a nacelle structure including a fan cowl, a forward cavity extending axially into the nacelle structure from an aft end of the fan cowl; and
a thrust reverser system including a sleeve, a cascade structure, a blocker door and a linkage;
the sleeve configured to translate axially along the centerline and relative to the nacelle structure between a forward stowed position and an aft deployed position; and
the cascade structure, the blocker door and the linkage at least partially within the forward cavity when the sleeve is in the forward stowed position;
the cascade structure fixedly attached to the sleeve such that a position of the cascade structure relative to the sleeve remains constant as the sleeve translates from the forward stowed position to the aft deployed position;
the linkage extending between and pivotally attached to the cascade structure and the blocker doors;
the blocker door configured to move axially out of the forward cavity as the sleeve translates axially from the forward stowed position to an intermediate position; and
a forward end of the blocker door configured to swing radially inward into a bypass gas path of the aircraft propulsion system as the sleeve axially translates from the intermediate position to the aft deployed position.

US Pat. No. 10,655,563

TURBOFAN NACELLE INCLUDING A REVERSER FLAP

Airbus Operations (S.A.S....

1. A nacelle for a turbofan, the nacelle comprising:a fixed cowl and a mobile cowl, the mobile cowl being mobile along a translation path between a closing position, in which the mobile cowl is adjacent to the fixed cowl, and an opening position, in which the mobile cowl is far aft of the fixed cowl;
a window, which is delimited, on an upstream side thereof, by the fixed cowl and, on a downstream side thereof, by the mobile cowl, wherein the window is open between an airflow of a secondary flow and an exterior of the nacelle;
a reverser flap which is mounted in a manner rotatable about a rotation axis between a closed position, in which the window is obstructed, and an open position, in which the window is not obstructed;
a second flap, which is configured to rotate about a rotation axis between a retracted position, in which the second flap is not positioned in the airflow, and an active position, in which the second flap is positioned across the airflow, and extends from the reverser flap in the open position in the airflow; and
a drive mechanism comprising:
a motor element with a mobile part secured to the mobile cowl to drive the mobile part in translation;
a guide, which is secured to the mobile cowl and comprises a slide part, an axis of which is parallel to the translation path of the mobile cowl, and a rotation part that extends forward from the slide part and is offset relative to the slide part;
a slider accommodated in the guide;
a first link articulated between the slider and the reverser flap;
a second link articulated between the slider and the second flap; and
an abutment configured to move the slider from the rotation part toward the slide part when the reverser flap is in the closed position, the second flap is in the retracted position, and the mobile cowl is moved from the opening position to the closing position;
wherein the drive mechanism is configured to control passage of the reverser flap between and including the closed position to the open position, respectively, along with a passage of the mobile cowl between and including the closing position and the opening position, configured for a first combination assuring, from the closed position and from the closing position:
an aft translation of the mobile cowl along the translation path to move the mobile cowl from the closing position to the opening position, and
a rotation of the reverser flap about the rotation axis to move the reverser flap from the closed position to the open position, and
wherein the drive mechanism is also configured for a second combination assuring, from the open position and from the opening position:
a rotation of the reverser flap in a reverse direction about the rotation axis to move the reverser flap from the open position to the closed position, and
a forward translation of the mobile cowl along the translation path to move the mobile cowl from the opening position to the closing position, and
wherein the drive mechanism is configured to coordinate passage of the second flap from the retracted position to the active position along with the passage of the reverser flap between and including the closed position and the open position.

US Pat. No. 10,655,562

ROTARY COMPRESSOR FOR GASEOUS FLUIDS

1. A compressor mechanism for a gaseous fluid medium, which comprisesa pair of first and second gears mounted for rotation on respective first and second shafts,
said gears having opposite axial end faces and having gear teeth disposed circumferentially about said gears and extending between said axial end faces,
the gear teeth of said first and second gears meshing in a limited region adjacent to a plane defined by said first and second shafts,
a housing having opposed end faces closely enclosing the axial end faces of said gears and having internal surfaces of circular configuration closely surrounding outer ends of said circumferentially disposed gear teeth and, together with said housing end faces, defining enclosed pockets between adjacent gear teeth for conveying said gaseous fluid medium,
said housing having fluid inlet passage means and fluid outlet passage means on opposite sides of said plane, for directing gaseous fluid medium to and away from said housing,
supplemental fluid inlet passage means in said housing connected with and extending from said fluid inlet passage means in opposite circumferential directions relative to said gears for the discharge of gaseous fluid medium into pockets between gear teeth advancing circumferentially away from said inlet passage means, and
a plurality of individual fluid feedback passages in said housing connected with and extending from said fluid outlet passage means in opposite circumferential directions with respect to said gears and having outlets positioned to discharge partially pressurized gaseous fluid medium into individual pockets between gear teeth advancing circumferentially toward said fluid outlet passage means.

US Pat. No. 10,655,561

CAST LIGHT METAL PISTON

Mahle International GmbH,...

1. A cast light metal piston having a reciprocating axis for an internal combustion engine, comprising:a piston crown and a piston skirt adjoining the piston crown, the piston skirt including:
two skirt walls arranged on a pressure side and a counterpressure side, respectively;
a first box wall connecting the skirt wall on the pressure side to the skirt wall on the counterpressure side, the first box wall having a first pin hub positioned between a pressure side portion of the first box wall and a counterpressure side portion of the first box wall;
a second box wall connecting the skirt wall on the pressure side to the skirt wall on the counterpressure side, the second box wall having a second pin hub positioned between a pressure side portion of the second box wall and a counterpressure side portion of the second box wall;
an annularly encircling cooling channel;
wherein a thickness of the piston crown amounts to a maximum of 4.5 mm;
wherein the pressure side portion of the first box wall and the pressure side portion of the second box wall conically taper toward one another in a direction toward the skirt wall arranged on the pressure side and conically taper toward one another in a direction toward the piston crown;
wherein the counterpressure side portion of the first box wall and the counterpressure side portion of the second box wall conically taper from respective first and second end portions toward one another in the direction toward the piston crown;
wherein the skirt wall arranged on the pressure side is shorter in a circumferential direction of the reciprocating axis than the skirt wall arranged on the counterpressure side; and
wherein the first and second box walls are separated from one another by a distance in a radial direction of the reciprocating axis, and wherein the distance between the pressure side portion of the first box wall at the first pin hub and the pressure side portion of the second box wall at the second pin hub is greater than the distance between the counterpressure side portion of the first box wall at the first pin hub and the counterpressure side portion of the second box wall at the second pin hub.

US Pat. No. 10,655,560

CYLINDER HEAD

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A cylinder head comprising:a cylinder head body including:
a plug hole penetrating through the cylinder head body, the plug hole being provided for each of a plurality of cylinders of an internal combustion engine such that an ignition plug is passed through the plug hole;
two intake ports and two exhaust ports corresponding to the plug hole, the two intake ports and the two exhaust ports being provided inside the cylinder head body such that the two intake ports are located on a first side of the cylinder head body in a short-axis direction of the cylinder head body with respect to the plug hole and the two exhaust ports are located on a second side of the cylinder head body in the short-axis direction of the cylinder head body with respect to the plug hole; and
a water jacket through which a coolant circulates, the water jacket being provided inside the cylinder head body, the water jacket including:
an intake-port-to-intake-port passage communicating with an outside of the cylinder head and extending between the two intake ports;
an exhaust-port-to-exhaust-port passage communicating with the outside of the cylinder head and extending between the two exhaust ports;
a central passage communicating with the intake-port-to-intake-port passage and the exhaust-port-to-exhaust-port passage, the central passage being formed so as to surround the plug hole, the coolant flowing from the intake-port-to-intake-port passage and the exhaust-port-to-exhaust-port passage into the central passage; and
a discharge passage communicating with the central passage and extending toward the outside of the cylinder head.

US Pat. No. 10,655,559

CYLINDER HEAD FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

AVL List GmbH, Graz (AT)...

1. A cylinder head for an internal combustion engine having liquid cooling, the cylinder head comprising:at least two outlet valves configured and arranged to control outlet openings;
at least one inlet valve configured and arranged to control at least one inlet opening per cylinder, the at least one inlet valve including at least one cooling jacket through which cooling medium flows;
an outlet valve bridge is arranged between the at least two adjacent outlet valves;
at least one inlet/outlet valve bridge is arranged between at least one outlet valve and an adjacent inlet valve;
a first cooling channel is arranged adjacent the at least one outlet valve bridge;
a second cooling channel is arranged adjacent the at least one inlet/outlet valve bridge, and the first and second cooling channels are flow-connected to one another about an outlet valve guide, the first and second cooling channels configured and arranged to improve cooling in proximity to the inlet-outlet valve bridge and the outlet valve guide; and
wherein the second cooling channel includes a flow-dividing device which subdivides the second cooling channel into a first partial channel and a second partial channel, each extending about a respective side of the outlet valve guide, and rejoining on a far side of the outlet valve guide.

US Pat. No. 10,655,558

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An internal combustion engine comprising:a plurality of cylinders;
a cylinder head that includes a pair of intake ports and a pair of exhaust ports for each of the plurality of cylinders; and
a cylinder block that includes a block-side coolant passage, wherein:
the cylinder head is configured to allow coolant to flow from the block-side coolant passage into the cylinder head,
one of the pair of intake ports and the pair of exhaust ports is a pair of specified ports,
the cylinder head includes an inter-port coolant passage between the pair of specified ports, wherein in the inter-port coolant passage, the coolant flows inward in a radial direction with respect to a central axis of each of the plurality of cylinders,
the inter-port coolant passage is connected to the block-side coolant passage by a communication passage, which directly connects the inter-port coolant passage and the block-side coolant passage such that all coolant flowing through the communication passage flows into the inter-port coolant passage,
a flow direction is a direction in which the coolant flows in a portion of the block-side coolant passage that is connected to the communication passage, and
a center of a passage cross-section of the communication passage is shifted to a downstream side in the flow direction with respect to a center of a passage cross-section of the inter-port coolant passage.

US Pat. No. 10,655,557

CONTROL DEVICE OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

HITACHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEM...

1. A control device of an internal combustion engine, the device comprising:a plurality of sensors that measure operating conditions of the internal combustion engine;
a plurality of fuel injectors that provide fuel to cylinders of the internal combustion engine; and
an electronic control unit (ECU) that is communicatively coupled to the plurality of sensors and the plurality of fuel injectors,
wherein the ECU is configured to:
calculate a total fuel injection rate that indicates a rate of a total number of fuel injections that are performed during a complete combustion cycle
calculate a first fuel injection rate for a first period within the complete combustion cycle based on the total fuel injection rate,
control the plurality of fuel injectors to provide fuel in the first period of the complete combustion cycle based on the first fuel injection rate calculated,
receive first measurements from the plurality of sensors during the first period, wherein the first measurements are obtained subsequent to the plurality of fuel injectors providing fuel in the first period,
calculate a second fuel injection rate for a second period within the complete combustion cycle based on the total fuel injection rate, the first measurements, and the first fuel injection rate, and
control the plurality of fuel injectors to provide fuel in the second period of the complete combustion cycle based on the second fuel injection rate calculated.

US Pat. No. 10,655,556

FUEL INJECTION DEVICE

ZAMA JAPAN KABUSHIKI KAIS...

1. A method for injecting fuel comprising the steps of:generating a predetermined signal as a function of the rotation of an engine with an alternating-current generator, and
injecting fuel from a solenoid valve into an intake passage of the engine at a predetermined timing during the rotation period of the engine in response to the predetermined signal.

US Pat. No. 10,655,555

ENGINE SYSTEM AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING ENGINE SYSTEM

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. An engine system comprising:an engine including a direct injection valve and a port injection valve, the direct injection valve being configured to inject fuel into a cylinder of the engine, and the port injection valve being configured to inject fuel into an intake port of the engine; and
an electronic control unit configured to control an operation of the engine by adjusting, based on a state of the engine, a rate of fuel injection from the direct injection valve with respect to total fuel injection and a rate of fuel injection from the port injection valve with respect to the total fuel injection,
the electronic control unit being configured to execute a malfunction diagnosis with the rate of fuel injection from the direct injection valve set to 100% of the total fuel injection, when the electronic control unit determines that a precondition for executing the malfunction diagnosis on a fuel system is satisfied and a power required to be output from the engine in response to operation of an accelerator by a driver of a vehicle including the engine system as a drive source for the vehicle is equal to or greater than a prescribed power, wherein the prescribed power is a power at which an amount of fuel injected from the direct injection valve does not fall below a minimum injectable amount and the engine is operated stably, the minimum injectable amount being determined based on a fuel pressure at which fuel is supplied to the direct injection valve and being an amount of fuel that is injectable from the direct injection valve even when the direct injection valve is malfunctioning while the engine is operated with the rate of fuel injection from the direct injection valve set to 100% of the total fuel injection, and the precondition for executing the malfunction diagnosis including one or more of a condition that an engine warmup has been completed and a condition that there have been no sudden changes in engine speed, and the malfunction diagnosis including a malfunction diagnosis on one or more of an air-fuel ratio sensor, an oxygen sensor, the direct injection valve, and a high pressure system supplying fuel to the direct injection valve.

US Pat. No. 10,655,554

VEHICLE AND ENGINE-OFF TIMER DIAGNOSIS METHOD THEREOF

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A vehicle comprising:an engine;
an engine-off timer configured to detect an engine-off time for which the engine is turned off;
an air temperature sensor configured to detect a temperature of air sucked into the engine;
a water temperature sensor configured to detect a temperature of water in the engine; and
a controller configured to determine whether the engine-off timer is operating normally based on the engine-off time detected by the engine-off timer, the temperature of air sucked into the engine detected by the air temperature sensor, and the temperature of water in the engine detected by the water temperature sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,655,553

REFORMING SYSTEM AND REFORMER MALFUNCTION DIAGNOSIS METHOD USING PRESSURE SENSOR

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A reforming system, comprising:an engine combusting reformed gas to generate mechanical power;
an intake line connected to the engine to supply the reformed gas and air to the engine;
an exhaust line connected to the engine to circulate exhaust gas expelled from the engine;
a reformer provided at an exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) line diverging from the exhaust line and mixing the exhaust gas with fuel to reform the fuel mixed with the exhaust gas;
a front end pressure sensor provided at the EGR line of a front end portion of the reformer and measuring pressure of the exhaust gas of the front end portion of the reformer;
a rear end pressure sensor provided at the EGR line of a rear end portion of the reformer and measuring pressure of the exhaust gas of the rear end portion of the reformer; and
a reforming controller configured for determining whether reforming continues on a basis of a pressure difference between the front end portion and the rear end portion of the reformer measured by the front end and the rear end sensors,
wherein the reforming controller is configured to continue operation of the reformer when the pressure difference obtained by subtracting the pressure of the exhaust gas in the front end portion of the reformer from the pressure of the exhaust gas in the rear end portion of the reformer exceeds a value obtained by subtracting a pressure of the exhaust gas in the front end portion of the reformer from a pressure of the exhaust gas in the rear end portion of the reformer before starting reforming, and stops operation of the reformer and fuel injection of the reformer when the pressure difference obtained by subtracting the pressure of the exhaust gas in the front end portion of the reformer from the pressure of the exhaust gas in the rear end portion of the reformer is equal to or less than the value obtained by subtracting the pressure of the exhaust gas in the front end portion of the reformer from the pressure of the exhaust gas in the rear end portion of the reformer before starting reforming.

US Pat. No. 10,655,552

CANISTER PURGE CONTROL METHOD FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A canister purge control method, comprising:opening, by a controller, a purge control solenoid valve disposed on a purge line between a canister and an engine intake system to enable a canister purge operation during running of an engine of a vehicle;
after opening the purge control solenoid valve disposed on the purge line between the canister and the engine intake system, starting, by the controller, an active purge pump of an active purge system provided in the vehicle, the active purge pump being disposed on the purge line;
after starting the active purge pump being disposed on the purge line, recognizing, by the controller, a purge gas pressure value measured by a front-end pressure sensor disposed on the purge line, on a front end side of the active purge pump, and a pressure value measured by an intake pressure sensor disposed on an engine intake system side to which the purge line is connected;
after recognizing the purge gas pressure value and the pressure value, determining, by the controller, a target purge flow rate using a difference between the purge gas pressure value measured by the front-end pressure sensor and the pressure value measured by the intake pressure sensor; and
after determining the target purge flow rate, controlling, by the controller, an operation of the active purge pump at an operating speed corresponding to the determined target purge flow rate,
wherein, when the target purge flow rate is obtained by the controller, a difference in pressure between the front end side and the rear end side of the active purge pump is obtained from a graph based on a point on a system characteristic curve corresponding to the target purge flow rate, and then when the difference in pressure between the front end side and the rear end side of the active purge pump is obtained, the different in pressure between the front end side and the rear end side of the active purge pump is compared with differences in pressure between the front end side and the rear end side of the active purge pump of curve intersections of speed-specific pump characteristic curves with the system characteristic curve, and then the operating speed of the active purge pump is determined to be the speed of the one of the speed-specific pump characteristic curves having a smallest difference, and wherein the system characteristic curve and the speed-specific pump characteristic curves are obtained via a preliminary examination and evaluation process.

US Pat. No. 10,655,551

DRIVE ARRANGEMENT FOR AN ENGINE ANCILLARY SUCH AS A SUPERCHARGER

ALLISON TRANSMISSION, INC...

19. A front end auxiliary driven device (FEAD) comprising:a rotational drive input of the FEAD;
a transmission having a rotational drive input to receive drive from an internal combustion engine, and a rotational drive output connected to the rotational drive input of the FEAD, wherein the transmission includes a variator operatively connected between the input and output of the transmission, which the variator has an output that is driven at an operating ratio from an input, wherein the variator is of a rolling race type and incorporates at least one rolling element clamped between two races;
control means having a slider for adjusting one or both of the operating ratio and a rate of change of the operating ratio of the variator;
a control system that operates to cause an engine to adopt an operating point that is indicated by the state of an input to the system, the control system being operative to set the operating ratio of the variator via the control means, wherein to set the operating ratio of the variator, the control system is operative to determine a target variator ratio based on the input, modify the target variator ratio to determine a modified target variator ratio, and modify the modified target variator ratio to determine an instantaneous target variator ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,655,550

INTAKE MANIFOLD AND CYLINDER AIRFLOW ESTIMATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. An engine control system comprising:a prediction module that, during an exhaust stroke of a first cylinder of an engine, determines a predicted intake manifold pressure at an end of a next intake stroke of a second cylinder following the first cylinder in a firing order of the cylinders,
wherein the prediction module determines the predicted intake manifold pressure during the exhaust stroke of the first cylinder when a piston of the first cylinder reaches a predetermined position during the exhaust stroke, and
wherein the prediction module determines the predicted intake manifold pressure based on differences between first values of a mass air flowrate into an intake manifold and second values of a mass air flowrate out of the intake manifold determined during a predetermined period before the piston reaches the predetermined position,
wherein the prediction module determines the second values of the mass air flowrate out of the intake manifold based on a pressure within the intake manifold measured using a manifold pressure sensor and a pressure within the second cylinder,
wherein the prediction module determines masses of air entering the second cylinder based on mathematical integration of the second values of the mass air flowrate out of the intake manifold determined during the predetermined period before the piston reached the predetermined position and determines the pressure within the second cylinder based on a mass of air within the second cylinder at an intake valve opening timing of the second cylinder and the masses of air entering the second cylinder, and
wherein the prediction module determines the mass of air within the second cylinder at the intake valve opening timing of the second cylinder based on an intake cam position and an exhaust cam position;
an air per cylinder (APC) module that, when the piston of the first cylinder reaches the predetermined position during the exhaust stroke of the first cylinder, determines a predicted mass of air that will be trapped within the second cylinder at the end of the next intake stroke of the second cylinder based on the predicted intake manifold pressure; and
a fueling module that controls fueling of the second cylinder during the next intake stroke based on the predicted mass of air.

US Pat. No. 10,655,549

ENGINE CONFIGURATION FOR PERFORMING COMPRESSION AND EXPANSION IN A SINGLE CYLINDER

1. An engine, comprising:at least one cylinder having a cylinder top, and a piston disposed within the at least one cylinder and connected to a crank;
an intake valve, a transfer valve, and an exhaust valve each positioned at the cylinder top; wherein the transfer valve is in operable communication with a transfer manifold, and the transfer manifold is connected to a compression tank;
a microprocessor operably connected to control the intake valve, the transfer valve, and the exhaust valve between an open position and a closed position;
a crank position sensor in operable communication with the microprocessor and configured to signal a position of the crank to the microprocessor;
a power demand sensor in operable communication with the microprocessor and configured to signal a current power demand to the microprocessor;
a fuel injector in electronic communication with the microprocessor and positioned within the transfer manifold; and
a spark ignition positioned within the at least one cylinder and in electronic communication with the microprocessor.

US Pat. No. 10,655,548

ELECTRIC SUPERCHARGING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING ELECTRIC SUPERCHARGER

6. A method for controlling electric supercharger located in an intake air passage of an engine, comprising: changing a timing at which the electric supercharger is actuated with a control unit based on a rotational speed of the engine and a rate of change of the accelerator opening;providing an output signal to control the electric supercharger with the control unit; and
correcting the timing at which the electric supercharger according to the rotational speed of the engine with a coefficient, wherein the coefficient is based on the rate of change of the accelerator opening, wherein the coefficient advances the actuation timing based on the rate of change of the accelerator opening.

US Pat. No. 10,655,547

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An internal combustion engine comprising:a catalyst arranged in an exhaust passage and able to store oxygen,
a variable valve timing mechanism capable of changing an amount of valve overlap between an intake valve and an exhaust valve, and
a fuel supplying injector capable of feeding fuel to the exhaust passage, and
an electronic control unit (ECU), wherein
the ECU is configured to control the fuel supplying injector to feed the fuel to the exhaust passage only in an initial cycle after scavenging when air is expelled from the intake passage through a cylinder to the exhaust passage due to the occurrence of the valve overlap.

US Pat. No. 10,655,546

CONTROL DEVICE FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A control device for an internal combustion engine,the internal combustion engine including a fuel injection valve, an ignition device, and a variable valve operating device configured to switch between a base opening/closing mode of an intake valve for taking intake air in an intake stroke and a continuous valve opening mode that causes the intake valve to remain open,
wherein the control device is configured to execute a cold start control at a cold start of the internal combustion engine,
wherein the cold start control includes:
a startability improvement processing executed in a predetermined number of cycles after a start of cranking; and
a combustion start processing executed after the predetermined number of cycles,
wherein the control device is configured, in the startability improvement processing, to control the variable valve operating device such that the continuous valve opening mode is selected in at least an expansion stroke and an exhaust stroke of an intake stroke, a compression stroke, the expansion stroke and the exhaust stroke, and to execute fuel injection with the fuel injection valve without ignition with the ignition device, and
wherein the control device is configured, in the combustion start processing, to control the variable valve operating device such that the base opening/closing mode is selected continuously during one cycle, and to execute ignition with the ignition device.

US Pat. No. 10,655,545

THROTTLE ACTUATOR POSITION VERIFICATION

Polaris Industries Inc., ...

1. A throttle verification system, comprising:a throttle actuator rotatable about a first pivot point the throttle actuator having a first portion and a second portion with a living hinge region between the first portion and the second portion such that the second portion can move relative to the first portion at a second pivot point at the living hinge region;
a verification system (VS) sensor positioned to sense at least movement of the first portion relative to the second portion at the second pivot point based upon a contact of an operator applied to the throttle actuator; and
a module to receive a verification signal from the VS sensor and a second signal;
wherein the module can verify a desired operation of a vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,655,544

ENGINE

YANMAR CO., LTD., Osaka ...

1. An engine comprising:a fuel injection device including a rack and an actuator;
a revolution number detection device configured to detect an instructed revolution number; and
a control device configured to:
control fuel injection performed by the fuel injection device based on the instructed revolution number,
perform a dither control on the actuator,
determine a dither frequency in the dither control;
determine a revolution number variation region based on a relationship between the dither frequency in the dither control and an engine revolution number, and
based on a determination that the instructed revolution number is within the revolution number variation region:
increase or decrease the engine revolution number relative to the instructed revolution number,
obtain a corrected revolution number that is outside the revolution number variation region, and
control fuel injection performed by the fuel injection device based on the corrected revolution number.

US Pat. No. 10,655,543

GAS TURBINE, COMBINED CYCLE PLANT, AND ACTIVATION METHOD OF GAS TURBINE

Mitsubishi Hitachi Power ...

1. A combined cycle plant comprising:a gas turbine including:
a compressor configured to compress air;
a combustor configured to mix and combust fuel and compressed air compressed by the compressor;
a turbine configured to obtain rotational power from combustion gas generated by the combustor;
an air cooler configured to subject compressed air extracted from the compressor to heat exchange, and to supply cooled compressed air to a cooling system of a rotor system in the turbine;
an air cooler bypass line configured to allow the compressed air extracted from the compressor to bypass the air cooler;
a cooler bypass valve provided in the air cooler bypass line; and
a controller configured to control opening and closing of the cooler bypass valve such that, during activation of the gas turbine, a degree of opening of the cooler bypass valve is set at or below a pre-set predetermined low-level degree of opening, and such that, after an increase of a load of the gas turbine, the degree of opening of the cooler bypass valve is set to be larger than the low-level degree of opening, wherein the cooler bypass valve is open when the degree of opening is set at or below the low-level degree of opening;
an exhaust heat recovery boiler configured to generate steam from exhaust heat of exhaust gas discharged from the gas turbine;
a steam turbine configured to be driven by the steam generated by the exhaust heat recovery boiler;
a condenser configured to condense the steam discharged from the steam turbine and generate water;
a feed water line configured to deliver feed water, obtained from the condenser via an economizer, to the air cooler and cause the feed water to exchange heat with compressed air;
an economizer bypass line configured to bypass feed water introduced into the economizer; and
an economizer bypass valve provided in the economizer bypass line,
wherein, during activation of the gas turbine, the controller performs control to close the cooler bypass valve such that the degree of opening of the cooler bypass valve is set at or below the low-level degree of opening, in order to decrease an amount of compressed air allowed to flow through the air cooler bypass line, and at the same time, performs control to increase a degree of opening of the economizer bypass valve, in order to increase an amount of feed water allowed to flow through the economizer bypass line, and after an increase of the load of the gas turbine, the controller performs control to open the cooler bypass valve such that the degree of opening of the cooler bypass valve is set to be larger than the low-level degree of opening, in order to increase the amount of compressed air allowed to flow through the air cooler bypass line, and at the same time, performs control to decrease the degree of opening of the economizer bypass valve, in order to decrease the amount of feed water allowed to flow through the economizer bypass line.

US Pat. No. 10,655,542

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR STARTUP OF GAS TURBINE SYSTEM DRIVE TRAINS WITH EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION

General Electric Company,...

1. A system comprising:a drive train starter system comprising:
a generator mechanically coupled to a drive train of a gas turbine system;
an exciter system electrically coupled to the generator and configured to provide a magnetic field;
a load commutated inverter (LCI) electrically coupled to the generator and configured to provide electrical power to the generator; and
a controller communicatively coupled to the generator, the exciter system, and the LCI, wherein the controller is configured to perform the ordered steps of:
a) starting up the drive train via the LCI and the generator up to less than a drive train self-sustaining speed, wherein the generator is converting electricity into mechanical motion, wherein the LCI is configured to deliver current to the generator at a frequency less than a power grid frequency of an electric power grid, and wherein the LCI is receiving power from the electric power grid to drive the drive train;
b) driving the drive train via a gas turbine up to the drive train self-sustaining speed;
c) synchronizing the generator to the power grid frequency of the electric power grid and delivering a power grid electrical power to the generator, wherein the controller is configured to control the generator to drive the drive train via the generator at the drive train self-sustaining speed; and
d) unloading the gas turbine to lower an operating exhaust temperature of a gas turbine exhaust when the generator is driving the drive train at the drive train self-sustaining speed.

US Pat. No. 10,655,541

SEGMENTED ANNULAR COMBUSTION SYSTEM

General Electric Company,...

1. A combustion system segment, comprising:a first panel fuel injector including a first side wall and a second side wall, the first side wall and the second side wall defining therebetween a premix air plenum, a fuel plenum, and a plurality of first side premixing channels, wherein each first side premixing channel of the plurality of first side premixing channels is in fluid communication with the premix air plenum, the fuel plenum, and a respective first side injection aperture of a plurality of first side injection apertures defined along the first side wall;
a second panel fuel injector circumferentially spaced from the first panel fuel injector, the second panel fuel injector including a first side wall and a second side wall, the first side wall and the second side wall defining therebetween a premix air plenum, a fuel plenum, and a plurality of second side premixing channels, wherein each second side premixing channel of the plurality of second side premixing channels is in fluid communication with the premix air plenum, the fuel plenum, and a respective second side injection aperture of a plurality of second side injection apertures defined along the second side wall; and
a fuel nozzle disposed circumferentially between the first side wall of the first panel fuel injector and the second side wall of the second panel fuel injector, the fuel nozzle sealingly engaged with each of the first side wall of the first panel fuel injector and the second side wall of the second panel fuel injector.

US Pat. No. 10,655,540

APPARATUS AND SYSTEMS FOR A SURFACE COOLER HAVING PLIANT FINS

General Electric Company,...

12. A turbine engine comprising:a fan assembly comprising a bypass airflow passage; and
a core engine comprising a surface cooler comprising:
a conduit defining an inlet, an outlet, and an internal flow path extending therebetween, said conduit configured to channel a flow of fluid to be cooled from said inlet to said outlet;
a body comprising an external surface, said conduit extending through said body; and
a plurality of fin members coupled to said external surface and configured in an array of fin members, each fin member of said plurality of fin members extending away from said external surface, each fin member of said plurality of fin members being fabricated from a thermally conductive, resilient, and pliable material, wherein said array of fin members extends into said bypass airflow passage, wherein said thermally conductive, resilient, and pliable material has a Young's modulus less than approximately 1×109 Pascal (Pa),
wherein each fin member of said plurality of fin members includes a coupling portion configured to couple to an L-shaped locating aperture of the body.