US Pat. No. 10,556,461

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A PRINTING SUBSTRATE AND FOR PRODUCING A DIRECTLY PRINTED DECORATIVE PANEL

1. Method for producing a printing subsurface for direct printing for producing a decorative panel, comprising the steps of:a) providing a carrier;
b) optionally applying a resin layer onto the carrier;
c) optionally applying a paper or nonwoven layer onto the; and
d) optionally calendering the resulting layer structure, in particular at a temperature between ?40° and ?250° C.;
the method comprising the further process steps:
e) applying at least one resin composition comprising at least one resin selected from the group consisting of a melamine resin and a urea resin;
f) drying the resin composition applied in process step e) under the action of heat;
g) subsequently treating the resin composition applied in process step e) and dried in process step f) with UV radiation, wherein in process step e) a successive twofold application of respectively one resin composition is carried out in order to form two subsequent resin-containing layers by use of the process steps:
e1): forming a first resin-containing layer by use of a resin composition comprising a mixture of melamine resin and urea resin; and
e2): forming a second resin-containing layer subsequent to forming the first resin-containing layer by use of a resin composition comprising a proportion of melamine resin in the resin portion in a range of ?95 wt.-%; and
h) applying a decorative layer onto the printing subsurface by means of direct printing.

US Pat. No. 10,556,458

FINISHER, BOOKBINDER, AND IMAGING SYSTEM

Nisca Corporation, Minam...

1. A bookbinding device, comprising: a convey-in path along which sheets sequentially fed into the bookbinding device are conveyed by sheet transport means in a sheet-transport direction along said convey-in path;stacking means for collating into bundles sheets conveyed to said stacking means from said convey-in path;
adhesive-layer forming means for adding an adhesive layer to a spine-closure endface of sheet bundles from said stacking means;
cover binding means for binding sheet bundles, from said adhesive-layer forming means, together with coversheets;
a cover feed path for feeding coversheets to said cover binding means, said cover feed path connected to, branching from, said convey-in path;
an inner-leaf transport path for transferring sheets to said stacking means, said inner-leaf transport path connected to, branching from, said convey-in path;
a storage stacker disposed along the downstream end of said cover feed path, for stacking and storing sheets;
a positioning means disposed in an upstream location in said convey-in path, said positioning means including a sheet-end regulating means for aligning sheets conveyed into said positioning means into a rear-end regulating position relative to the sheet-transport direction, and including forward/reverse rollers disposed downstream of sheet-end regulating means, said forward/reverse rollers forward/reverse driven by a power-source-pulse controlled drive motor;
a plurality of perforating cutters disposed along said convey-in path downstream-adjacent said forward/reverse rollers, the perforating cutters being selectively drivable to determine how many binder punch-holes or crenellating notches said plurality of perforating cutters form in a sheet, each said perforating cutter comprising a single cutting die;
perforation control means for controlling said positioning means and said plurality of perforating cutters, said perforation control means controlling said power-source-pulse controlled drive motor to reverse-drive said forward/reverse rollers to move a sheet, conveyed by the sheet transport means into said convey-in path, into the rear-end regulating position where said sheet-end regulating means aligns the rear end of the sheet,
said perforation control means operating in a first operation mode in which
said perforation control means forward-drives said forward/reverse rollers by a first predetermined transport amount to move a sheet by a first predetermined transport length from the rear-end regulating position, to set the rear end of the sheet in a predetermined position, with respect to a punch position where said plurality of perforating cutters operate to form binder punch-holes in a sheet, for being perforated by said plurality of perforating cutters,
said perforation control means controls said plurality of perforating cutters to form a predetermined number of binder punch-holes through the rear end of the sheet, and said perforation control means causes the binder-hole punched sheet to be transferred along said cover feed path to said storage stacker, and said perforation control means operating in a second operation mode in which
said perforation control means forward-drives said forward/reverse rollers by a second predetermined transport amount to move a sheet by a second predetermined transport length, greater than said first predetermined transport length, from the rear-end regulating position, to set the rear end of the sheet in a predetermined position with respect to the punch position, for being edge-cut by said plurality of perforating cutters,
said perforation control means controls said plurality of perforating cutters to form a predetermined number of crenellating notches in the rear end of the sheet, and
said perforation control means causes the rear-end crenellated sheet to be transferred to said inner-leaf transport path; and
a sheet-type information receiving means; wherein
said perforation control means is configured to execute in said second operation mode based on sheet-type information from said sheet-type information receiving means, and determine, based on the sheet-type information, the number of crenellating notches said perforation control means controls said perforating cutters to rear-end crenellate sheets with.

US Pat. No. 10,556,457

THERMAL TRANSFER SHEET

Dai Nippon Printing Co., ...

1. A thermal transfer sheet comprising:at least a substrate and a transfer layer;
wherein the transfer layer comprises at least a protective layer adapted to be peelable from the substrate;
wherein the protective layer comprises a (meth)acrylic resin having a glass transition temperature (Tg) of 60° C. or lower and a vinyl chloride-vinyl acetate copolymer, whereby the transfer layer has a peel force in a non-heated state of 1 N/m or more and a peel force in a heated state of 10 N/m or less; and
wherein the (meth)acrylic resin is (1) an alkyl acrylate polymer or an alkyl methacrylate polymer, (2) a copolymer of alkyl acrylate and alkyl methacrylate, (3) a copolymer of alkyl acrylate and at least one other monomer selected from the group consisting of styrene, benzylstyrene, phenoxyethyl methacrylate, acrylamide and methacrylamide, or (4) a copolymer of alkyl methacrylate and at least one other monomer selected from the group consisting of styrene, benzylstyrene, phenoxyethyl methacrylate, acrylamide and methacrylamide.

US Pat. No. 10,556,456

LIQUID EJECTING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A liquid ejecting apparatus, comprising:a supporting section configured to support a medium;
a first ejecting section capable of ejecting a pretreatment liquid onto the medium supported by the supporting section;
a first holding section configured to hold the first ejecting section; and
a leveling section provided on the first holding section and being capable of moving between a leveling position in contact with an ejection region onto which the pretreatment liquid is ejected and a non-leveling position in non-contact with the ejection region of the medium,
wherein:
the first holding section is capable of performing a reciprocating movement in a scanning direction,
the first ejecting section is configured to eject the pretreatment liquid in accordance with the reciprocating movement of the first holding section,
the leveling section is provided at the first holding section to move with the first ejecting section, and
the leveling section includes a first leveling section to be provided on a first side of the first ejecting section in the scanning direction and a second leveling section to be provided on a second side of the first ejecting section in the scanning direction.

US Pat. No. 10,556,455

HOUSING STRUCTURE FOR MACHINE

Kornit Digital Ltd., Ros...

1. A housing for an industrial machine, comprising:first and second plates;
first and second cross beams each connected between said first and second plates to form said first and second plates into endplates of an enclosure for said industrial machine; and
front and rear pivoted closures located between said endplates above said enclosure, said pivoted closures being openable to provide access to said enclosure, wherein the industrial machine is a textile printing machine, and said textile printing machine comprises a printing head and a printing tray, said printing head being attached to a third cross beam and said printing tray running across a structure supported at least partially by said first and second cross beams.

US Pat. No. 10,556,454

PRINTER

FUJITSU COMPONENT LIMITED...

1. A printer, comprising:a holder configured to house rolled recording paper;
a cover that is attached to the holder to be openable and closable relative to the holder; and
a contact part that is attached to the cover and configured to contact the recording paper at multiple positions on the recording paper that are arranged in a width direction of the recording paper such that the positions on the recording paper contacting the contact part change and move in the width direction of the recording paper as the recording paper is unrolled and a diameter of the recording paper changes, the width direction being orthogonal to the diameter of the recording paper.

US Pat. No. 10,556,453

PRINTER AND CONTROL METHOD

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A printing device having multiple paper feed ports, comprising:a print job receiver configured to receive a print job including printing conditions;
a paper information acquisition unit configured to acquire paper information about paper set in the paper feed ports;
a no-paper detector configured to detect depletion of first paper set in a first paper feed port of the paper feed ports while printing using the first paper set in the first paper feed port;
a paper feed port selector configured to automatically select a second paper feed port of the paper feed ports based on the printing conditions and the paper information in response to detecting the depletion of the first paper set in the first paper feed port; and
a printing process controller configured to automatically execute alternate printing using second paper set in the second paper feed port by supplying the second paper from the second paper feed port in response to automatically selecting the second paper feed port based on the printing conditions and the paper information;
the paper feed port selector, when the no-paper detector detects the depletion of the first paper, the paper size of the first paper and the second paper is the same, and the paper type of the first paper and the paper type of the second paper are included in the same group of predetermined paper type groups, selecting the second paper feed port in which the second paper is set as a paper feed port for the alternate printing, and
the printing device being an inkjet printer.

US Pat. No. 10,556,452

PRINTING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF POSITIONING SUPPORT SECTION

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A printing apparatus comprising:a print section configured to perform printing onto a medium;
a support section configured to support the medium;
a base section to which the support section is attached; and
a contact section configured to be attached to the base section so as to be movable to come into contact with the support section and being configured such that a position of a support section side of the contact section with respect to the base section is not changed when the support section is detached from the base section following positioning of the contact section in contact with the support section, wherein the contact section is configured to be moved from a support section side of the contact section.

US Pat. No. 10,556,451

RECORDING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A recording apparatus comprising:a recording head that is provided with a plurality of nozzles and performs recording by ejecting liquid onto a medium from the nozzles;
a pair of transport rollers that transports the medium toward the recording head; and
a first path and a second path that cause the medium, transported in the medium transport direction with a first surface facing the recording head, to be curved with the first surface being as an inside at a position on an upstream side of a position of the recording head in the medium transport direction, and reverse the medium so that a second surface which is a surface opposite to the first surface of the medium faces the recording head to transport the medium again toward the recording head,
wherein both a length of a first curved path included in the first path and a length of a second curved path included in the second path are longer than a distance from a nip position in the pair of transport rollers to a most downstream side position of a head surface having the plurality of nozzles in the medium transport direction, and
wherein a curvature of the second curved path is greater than a curvature of the first curved path.

US Pat. No. 10,556,450

INK JET RECORDING METHOD AND INK JET RECORDING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. An ink jet recording method comprising:heating a recording medium; and
attaching an aqueous ink composition to the heated recording medium by ejecting the aqueous ink composition through a nozzle, the aqueous ink composition containing water, a solvent, and resin particles,
wherein, in the attaching, a temperature difference between a temperature of the nozzle and a surface temperature of the heated recording medium is ?4 to 8° C., and
wherein the resin particles include particular resin particles formed from a resin whose decrease rate of absorbance of light having a wavelength of 400 nm is 15% or smaller in 1 hour at 40° C. and 10% or larger in 1 hour at 80° C. in a liquid mixture containing the solvent contained in the aqueous ink composition and the particular resin particles, and a resin solid component of the liquid mixture is 0.5% by mass.

US Pat. No. 10,556,449

LIQUID DISCHARGE APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A liquid discharge apparatus comprising:a conveyor to repeat conveyance of a recording medium by a predetermined distance and stop of conveyance of the recording medium;
a liquid discharge head to discharge a liquid onto the recording medium;
an irradiation device to irradiate, with an electromagnetic wave, the recording medium onto which the liquid has been discharged by the liquid discharge head, the irradiation device disposed downstream from the liquid discharge head in a direction of conveyance of the recording medium; and
circuitry configured to control the irradiation device to irradiate the recording medium,
the circuitry configured to set a first irradiation amount during the stop of conveyance to a larger value than a value of a second irradiation amount during the conveyance of the recording medium.

US Pat. No. 10,556,448

INK JET PRINTING APPARATUS AND INK JET PRINTING METHOD

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An ink jet printing apparatus comprising:an image forming unit that applies an ink containing an aqueous liquid medium and a coloring material as well as a reaction liquid for increasing ink viscosity to an ink receiving medium, and thereby forms a first image containing an aqueous liquid component and the coloring material; and
a liquid absorbing member including a porous body that absorbs at least part of the aqueous liquid component from the first image,
wherein the ink jet printing apparatus further comprises:
a conveyance unit that performs carrying-in, carrying-out, and re-transmission of the liquid absorbing member to and from a liquid absorption treatment region in which the liquid absorbing member performs liquid absorption treatment on the first image; and
a recovery liquid applying unit that applies a recovery liquid to the liquid absorbing member carried out from the liquid absorption treatment region, the recovery liquid having a viscosity lower than a viscosity of the ink and the reaction liquid.

US Pat. No. 10,556,447

DIGITAL EMBOSSED IN REGISTER SURFACE

CERALOC INNOVATION AB, V...

1. A method of forming an embossed surface on a building panel, comprising the steps of:providing a foil which includes an upper part and a lower part which is vertically lower than the upper part,
forming an ink matrix having a horizontal and vertical extension by applying a curable ink on the upper part of the foil by means of a digital ink head;
forming a cavity in a surface layer of the building panel by pressing the lower part of the foil against the surface layer of the building panel, thereby forming an embossed surface of the building panel, the ink matrix being located on the upper part of the foil during the pressing of the lower part of the foil against the surface layer of the building panel, and
removing the foil with the ink matrix from the embossed surface.

US Pat. No. 10,556,446

IMAGE RECORDING DEVICE AND IMAGE RECORDING METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An image recording device comprising:a laser irradiation source configured to emit laser lights output from a plurality of laser light emitting elements to different positions in a predetermined direction; and
image recording circuitry configured to control the laser irradiation device to irradiate a recording object moving relative to the laser irradiation device in a direction different from the predetermined direction with laser so as to heat the recording object, form image dots, and record an image, wherein
the image recording circuitry
controls the laser irradiation source,
conducts recording such that at least one of the image dots, recorded alongside at different positions in a direction perpendicular to a relative moving direction of the recording object, is shifted relative to other ones of the image dots in the relative moving direction, and
records a solid image on the recording object such that the image dot is partially overlapped with all adjacent image dots including an adjacent dot shifted relative to the image dot in both the relative moving direction and the direction perpendicular to the relative moving direction.

US Pat. No. 10,556,445

PRINTHEAD ASSEMBLIES

HEWLETT-PACKARD DEVELOPME...

1. A system for addressing an Erasable Programmable Read-only Memory (EPROM) on a printhead assembly, the system comprising:a plurality of banks, each comprising an EPROM array having EPROM cells arranged in rows and columns, each of the EPROM cells having a bank select port, a row select port, and a column select port;
a controller to generate a data signal to address an EPROM cell, wherein the data signal is time multiplexed to include row select data, column select data, and bank select data indicative of one of the rows, columns and banks, respectively, corresponding to the EPROM cell, in predefined time segments;
a shift register including a plurality of stages, to generate sequentially, based on the data signal, a row select signal, column select signal and bank select signal to select the EPROM cell, each of the plurality of stages to provide the bank select signal to the bank select port of the EPROM cells;
a row select switch, coupled to each of the plurality of stages, being activated by the controller during the time segments corresponding to the row select data to provide the row select signal to the row select port of the EPROM cells; and
a column select switch, coupled to each of the plurality of stages, being activated by the controller during the time segments corresponding to the column select data to provide the column select signal to the column select port of the EPROM cells.

US Pat. No. 10,556,444

IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER-READABLE MEDIUM STORING IMAGE PROCESSING PROGRAM

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. An image processing apparatus for a printing apparatus which is configured to perform printing by using a plurality of nozzles, the plurality of nozzles being located at mutually different positions from each other in a first direction and the plurality of nozzles including a first nozzle and a second nozzle,the image processing apparatus comprising a controller configured to perform:
acquiring scan data indicating a scan image; and
generating a plurality of parameters corresponding to the plurality of nozzles, respectively, by using the scan data, each of the plurality of parameters indicating jetting characteristic of a coloring material from one of the plurality of nozzles corresponding thereto,
wherein the scan data is generated by optically reading a sheet on which a specific color image represented by a specific color has been printed by the printing apparatus,
wherein the specific color image is printed on the sheet by using a specific color image data indicating the specific color image,
wherein the scan image includes:
a first specific color area, the first specific color area indicating a first part included in the specific color image and being printed by using the first nozzle, the first specific color area comprising pixels that are located separately, in a second direction parallel to the first direction in the printing apparatus, from a background color area indicating a background color of the sheet;
a second specific color area, the second specific color area indicating a second part included in the specific color image and being printed by using the first nozzle, the second specific color area comprising pixels that are located adjacent, in the second direction, to the background color area indicating the background color of the sheet, a distance in the second direction from the background color area of the sheet to the pixels of the first specific color area of the sheet being larger than a distance in the second direction from the background color area of the sheet to the pixels of the second specific color area of the sheet, wherein the first part being printed by using the first nozzle and the second part being printed by using the first nozzle are located in the same coordinates in the second direction within the scan image; and
a third specific color area, the third specific color area indicating a third part included in the specific color image and being printed by using the second nozzle, the third specific color area comprising pixels that are located adjacent, in the second direction, to the background color area indicating the background color of the sheet, the third specific color area indicating the third part including a pixel located at an end of the specific color image in the second direction, and
wherein in a case that the controller performs generating the plurality of parameters, the controller is configured to perform:
evaluating a difference between a color of the first part being printed by using the first nozzle and a color of the second part being printed by using the first nozzle, based on a value of a first pixel within the first specific color area and a value of a second pixel within the second specific color area; and
generating a parameter included in the plurality of parameters and corresponding to the second nozzle, by using a result of the evaluation of the difference between the color of the first part and the color of the second part and a value of a third pixel within the third specific color area.

US Pat. No. 10,556,443

PRINTING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A printing apparatus comprising:a recording section including:
a plurality of ink heads configured to discharge, onto a recording medium, ink containing a color material condensing with a reaction solution;
a first reaction solution head configured to discharge the reaction solution onto the recording medium; and
a second reaction solution head configured to discharge the reaction solution onto the recording medium;
a driving section configured to drive the recording section relative to the recording medium; and
a controller configured to execute a first operation of:
causing the driving section to move the recording section in a first direction relative to the recording medium;
causing the plurality of ink heads to discharge the ink; and
causing the first reaction solution head and the second reaction solution head to discharge the reaction solutions, wherein
the plurality of ink heads are arranged in the first direction,
the first reaction solution head is located downstream in the first direction of an ink head of the plurality of ink heads located most downstream in the first direction, and
the second reaction solution head is located between two ink heads of the plurality of ink heads located adjacent to each other in the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,556,442

VALVE UNIT AND LIQUID EJECTING APPARATUS

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A liquid ejecting apparatus comprising:a liquid ejecting head configured to move in a main scanning direction and to eject liquid to a target;
a liquid retainer accommodating portion provided above the liquid ejecting head, the liquid retainer accommodating portion being configured to accommodate a liquid retainer;
a liquid supply passage provided between the liquid retainer accommodating portion and the liquid ejecting head; and
a valve mechanism disposed in the liquid supply passage, the valve mechanism being configured to open and close the liquid supply passage,
wherein the liquid retainer accommodating portion has an opening into which the liquid retainer is inserted, and
wherein a length of the opening in a direction of gravity is shorter than a length of the opening in the main scanning direction.

US Pat. No. 10,556,441

LIQUID DISCHARGE DEVICE

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A liquid discharge device comprising:a main tank comprising:
a first liquid chamber storing a liquid; and
a first flow path, one end of the first flow path communicated with the first liquid chamber, the other end of the first flow path communicated with an atmosphere;
a sub tank comprising a second liquid chamber;
a second flow path through which the first liquid chamber and the second liquid chamber communicate with each other;
a third flow path, one end of the third flow path being located below the second flow path communicated with the second liquid chamber;
a head communicated with the other end of the third flow path;
a liquid level sensor; and
a controller configured to:
receive a discharge instruction for discharging a liquid through the head;
control the head based on the discharge instruction to discharge the liquid from the head;
determine a waiting time based on information on the discharge of the liquid after the discharge of the liquid through the head is completed; and
determine a signal received from the liquid level sensor when the waiting time elapses from a time point at which the discharge of the liquid through the head is completed.

US Pat. No. 10,556,440

IMAGE RECORDING APPARATUS

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. An image recording apparatus comprising:an installation case that receives a cartridge, the cartridge including:
a first liquid chamber which stores a liquid;
a first flow path which includes one end communicating with the first liquid chamber and the other end communicating with an outside; and
a second flow path which includes one end communicating with the first liquid chamber and the other end communicating with the outside;
a tank that includes:
a second liquid chamber;
a third flow path which includes one end communicating with the outside and the other end communicating with the second liquid chamber, at least one of the first flow path and the third flow path configured to communicate with the first chamber of the cartridge installed in the installation case and the second chamber;
a fourth flow path which is below the third flow path in a vertical direction and communicates with the second liquid chamber; and
a fifth flow path which includes one end communicating with the second liquid chamber and the other end communicating with the outside;
a sensor;
a head that communicates with the other end of the fourth flow path;
a notification device; and
a controller,
wherein the controller is configured to:
receive a first signal from the sensor, the first signal output by the sensor in response to a liquid level in the second liquid chamber being equal to or below a specific position, the specific position being equal to or above the other end of the third flow path;
control the notification device to activate a first notification indicating the cartridge in response to receiving the first signal from the sensor;
receive a discharging instruction to discharge the liquid via the head;
count a count value indicating an amount of liquid instructed to be discharged with the discharging instruction in response to receiving the discharging instruction after receiving the first signal from the sensor;
determine whether the count value reaches a first threshold; and
control, in response to determining that the count value reaches the first threshold, the notification device to activate a second notification different from the first notification,
wherein, at the notification device activating the second notification, the liquid level of the second chamber is between the other end of the third flow path and the one end of the fourth flow path in the vertical direction.

US Pat. No. 10,556,439

IMAGE-RECORDING APPARATUS INCLUDING CARTRIDGE, TANK CONNECTABLE TO THE CARTRIDGE AND DETECTION COMPONENT

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. An image-recording apparatus comprising:a cartridge comprising:
a first storage chamber configured to store liquid; and
a first air communication passage configured to allow the first storage chamber to communicate with an atmosphere;
a tank to which the cartridge is connectable, the tank comprising:
a second storage chamber configured to store the liquid supplied from the first storage chamber;
a liquid inlet port through which the liquid stored in the first storage chamber is configured to be introduced into the second storage chamber;
a second air communication passage configured to allow the second storage chamber to communicate with the atmosphere;
a first base portion defining an internal space therein; and
a first protruding portion defining an internal space therein and protruding from a lower end portion of the first base portion in a first direction perpendicular to a vertical direction, the internal space of the first base portion and the internal space of the first protruding portion being in communication with each other and constituting a portion of the second storage chamber, the liquid inlet port being connected to the first protruding portion;
a head comprising a nozzle through which the liquid supplied from the second storage chamber is configured to be ejected; and
a detection component positioned above the first protruding portion and configured to detect a residual amount of the liquid stored in the second storage chamber, the detection component being positioned to overlap with the first base portion as viewed in the first direction and to overlap with the first protruding portion as viewed in the vertical direction.

US Pat. No. 10,556,438

LIQUID DISCHARGE HEAD

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. A liquid discharge head, comprising:a plurality of individual channels including nozzles, respectively;
a common channel communicating with the plurality of individual channels and a storage chamber configured to store a liquid, the common channel including: a supply portion arranged between an outlet of the storage chamber and the plurality of individual channels, and a return portion arranged between the plurality of individual channels and an inlet of the storage chamber;
a first filter provided to the supply portion, and including a plurality of first through holes each extending in a supply direction in which the liquid passing through the first filter passes in a case that the liquid is supplied from the storage chamber toward the supply portion; and
a second filter provided to the return portion, and including a plurality of second through holes each extending in a discharge direction in which the liquid passing through the second filter passes in a case that the liquid is discharged from the return portion toward the storage chamber,
wherein an opening at an upstream end of each of the plurality of first through holes in the supply direction is smaller than an opening at a downstream end of each of the plurality of first through holes in the supply direction, and
wherein an opening at an upstream end of each of the plurality of second through holes in the discharge direction is larger than an opening at a downstream end of each of the plurality of second through holes in the discharge direction.

US Pat. No. 10,556,437

LIQUID EJECTING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF DRIVING THE SAME

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A liquid ejecting apparatus comprising:a filter disposed in a liquid path for supplying liquid to nozzles of a liquid ejecting head; and
a liquid storing chamber disposed downstream of the filter in the liquid path, the liquid storing chamber including:
an inlet through which the liquid enters the liquid storing chamber;
a bubble retention space disposed above the inlet in the vertical direction;
a bottom disposed below the bubble retention space in the vertical direction; and
a first outlet and a second outlet through which the liquid exits the liquid storing chamber, wherein
the liquid ejecting apparatus satisfies one of conditions (i) and (ii) below:
(i) the first outlet is located on one side of an imaginary center line and the second outlet is located on the other side of the imaginary center line, as viewed in the vertical direction, the imaginary center line passing through a center of a projected area, the projected area being defined by projecting the bubble retention space onto the bottom in the vertical direction; and
(ii) the first outlet and the second outlet are located outside a projected area, as viewed in the vertical direction, the projected area being defined by projecting the bubble retention space onto the bottom in the vertical direction.

US Pat. No. 10,556,436

INK REPLENISH CONTAINER

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An ink replenish container for replenishing an ink to an ink tank of a printer, comprising:a container main body that is able to store the ink; and
an ink outlet formation member, attached to a front end side of the container main body, to form an ink outlet,
wherein the container main body includes a screw formation portion having a screw for engaging with the ink outlet formation member, and a shoulder portion provided on a front end side of the screw formation portion,
the ink outlet formation member includes an abutting portion that abuts the shoulder portion and an engagement recess portion disposed on an inner surface thereof,
the container main body further includes a front end engagement portion on the front end side of the screw formation portion configured to be inserted into the engagement recess portion.

US Pat. No. 10,556,435

INK JET RECORDING APPARATUS

ROLAND DG CORPORATION, S...

1. An ink jet recording apparatus comprising:an ink head including a nozzle that discharges a sedimentation ink onto a recording medium;
a pivot mechanism that pivots an ink cartridge housing an ink pack containing a sedimentation ink; and
a controller that controls the pivot mechanism; wherein the controller is configured or programmed to include:
a measurer that measures a stationary time of the ink cartridge;
an ink agitation degree determiner that determines an ink agitation degree based on at least the stationary time, the ink agitation degree being a degree of ink agitation necessary for the ink cartridge;
a memory that stores first data defining a relationship between the ink agitation degree determined by the ink agitation degree determiner and a pivot angle of the ink cartridge from an initial position;
an angle determiner that determines the pivot angle based on the ink agitation degree determined by the ink agitation degree determiner and the first data; and
a controller that controls the pivot mechanism to perform a first operation of causing the ink cartridge to pivot in a first direction by the determined pivot angle so that the ink cartridge pivots from the initial position to a first pivot position and then perform a second operation of causing the ink cartridge to pivot in a second direction opposite to the first direction so that the ink cartridge returns from the first pivot position to the initial position;
a first pivot angle that is the pivot angle when the ink agitation degree is less than a first value is smaller than a second pivot angle that is the pivot angle when the ink agitation degree is the first value or more; and
when the ink cartridge pivots from the initial position to the first pivot position, a first end of the ink cartridge is located below a second end of the ink cartridge, and when the ink cartridge pivots from the first pivot position to the initial position, the first end of the ink cartridge is at a level identical to or above the second end.

US Pat. No. 10,556,434

INKJET RECORDING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An inkjet recording apparatus comprising:an ink ejection surface including an ink ejection port from which ink is ejected;
a washing liquid storage portion including a supply surface adjacent to the ink ejection surface, and storing washing liquid used for washing the ink ejection surface;
a washing liquid nozzle including a communicating hole that is communicated from a supply port formed in the supply surface of the washing liquid storage portion to an inside of the washing liquid storage portion, and configured to form a concave meniscus by a surface of the washing liquid in the communicating hole;
a metal-made mesh sheet provided in close contact with an opposite rear surface of the supply surface of the washing liquid storage portion, the mesh sheet having an opening that is smaller in size than an inner diameter of the communicating hole; and
a sponge member provided in a compressed state in the inside of the washing liquid storage portion and configured to absorb and hold the washing liquid and press the mesh sheet toward the opposite rear surface of the supply surface so that the mesh sheet comes in close contact with the opposite rear surface of the supply surface.

US Pat. No. 10,556,433

LIQUID DISCHARGE APPARATUS AND CLEANING METHOD FOR LIQUID DISCHARGE HEAD

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A liquid discharge apparatus comprising:a liquid discharge head including a discharge port configured to discharge liquid and a discharge port surface provided with the discharge port; and
a head cleaning member including a contact portion that contacts the discharge port surface, and configured to cause the contact portion to contact the discharge port surface and to move relative to the discharge port surface in order to clean adherents attached to the discharge port surface,
wherein the discharge port includes a plurality of protrusion portions extending toward a discharge port inner side,
wherein the contact portion includes a fiber, and
wherein the fiber in the contact portion includes a portion having a size greater than a minimum protrusion distance among protrusion distances between the protrusion portions.

US Pat. No. 10,556,432

MAINTENANCE APPARATUS AND LIQUID EJECTION APPARATUS

TOSHIBA TEC KABUSHIKI KAI...

1. A maintenance apparatus, comprising:a first suction nozzle having a first suction port facing a first nozzle row through which a first liquid can be ejected, the first nozzle row including nozzles aligned in a first direction on a nozzle plate;
a second suction nozzle having a second suction port facing a second nozzle row through which a second liquid can be ejected, the second nozzle row including nozzles aligned in the first direction on the nozzle plate and parallel to the first nozzle row; and
an exhaust nozzle including a discharge port between the first suction port and the second suction port, wherein
gas flows through the discharge port.

US Pat. No. 10,556,431

ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCER ELEMENT, LIQUID DISCHARGE HEAD, LIQUID DISCHARGE DEVICE, AND LIQUID DISCHARGE APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An electromechanical transducer element comprising:a lower electrode formed directly or indirectly on a substrate;
an electromechanical transducer film formed on the lower electrode, comprising lead zirconate titanate (PZT) having a perovskite crystal structure; and
an upper electrode formed on the electromechanical transducer film,
wherein a value of Ti/(Zr+Ti) is not less than 40% and not greater than 55%,
where Ti/(Zr+Ti) represents a composition ratio of Titanium (Ti) to a sum of Zirconium (Zr) and Ti in the electromechanical transducer film,
wherein when a diffraction peak derived from a (200) plane or a (400) plane of the electromechanical transducer film obtained by a ?-2? scanning measurement using an X-ray diffraction (XRD) method is separated by a peak separation to a first diffraction peak attributed to a tetragonal a-domain structure, a second diffraction peak attributed to any one of a rhombohedral structure, an orthorhombic structure and a pseudo-cubic structure, and a third diffraction peak attributed to a tetragonal c-domain structure,
then a ratio Sb/(Sa+Sb+Sc) is not less than 1% and not greater than 60%,
wherein Sa represents a diffraction peak area of the first diffraction peak, Sb represents a diffraction peak area of the second diffraction peak, Sc represents a diffraction peak area of the third diffraction peak.

US Pat. No. 10,556,430

LIQUID JETTING HEAD

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A liquid jetting head, comprising:a channel substrate having a nozzle surface in which nozzles are open, the channel substrate being formed with pressure chambers communicating with the nozzles respectively; and
an actuator configured to be driven to deform the pressure chambers,
wherein the pressure chambers form pressure chamber rows arranged in a first direction which is parallel to the nozzle surface, each of the pressure chamber rows extending in a second direction which is parallel to the nozzle surface and orthogonal to the first direction,
the channel substrate is formed with at least one supply channel which extends in the second direction and through which liquid is supplied to each of the pressure chambers from a storage chamber storing the liquid,
the nozzles are arranged such that liquid droplets of the liquid discharged from the nozzles onto a medium form dots aligned in the second direction, and
the nozzles are arranged such that the number of nozzles, which are adjacent in the second direction and which have the same distance in the first direction from the at least one supply channel, is the minimum.

US Pat. No. 10,556,429

PRINT ELEMENT SUBSTRATE AND LIQUID EJECTION HEAD

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A liquid ejection head comprising:a first ejection port and a second ejection port disposed in a first direction for ejecting a liquid;
a first channel and a second channel extending in a second direction crossing the first direction and communicating with the first ejection port; and
a third channel and a fourth channel extending in the second direction and communicating with the second ejection port,
wherein the first ejection port and the second ejection port are arranged shifted in the second direction;
the first channel and the third channel are juxtaposed and the second channel and the fourth channel are juxtaposed; and
a width of the first channel is smaller than a width of the third channel, and a width of the second channel is larger than a width of the fourth channel.

US Pat. No. 10,556,428

ACOUSTOPHORETIC PRINTING APPARATUS AND METHOD

President and Fellows of ...

1. A printing apparatus comprising:an emitter arranged within a first fluid and configured to oscillate for generating an acoustic field in the first fluid;
a nozzle with a nozzle opening placed at a predetermined position within the acoustic field; and
a second fluid within the nozzle,
wherein the nozzle is connected to a tubing for a fluidic connection between a second fluid reservoir and the nozzle opening.

US Pat. No. 10,556,427

METHOD FOR ACTUATING AN INK-JET PRINT HEAD

1. A method for actuating an inkjet print head (1), comprising at least one printing system (11) having a nozzle (8) on the side of an ink chamber (12) which faces a substrate to be imprinted, and which is delimited at least in areas, preferably in its area facing away from the print substrate, by a diaphragm (15) that is movable away from the ink chamber (12) by electrically actuating a piezo element (16) that is mechanically coupled to the diaphragm (15), so that ink is drawn into the ink chamber from an ink reservoir (14), and the diaphragm is movable toward or into the ink chamber so that an ink drop (24) is ejected from the ink chamber through the nozzle (8), wherein the printing system (11) made up of the ink chamber (12), diaphragm (15), piezo element (16), and the control circuit (18) thereof represents an oscillatable structure which, when actuated at high energy, is excited to oscillate at a natural frequency fres that exhibits resonance; i.e., the oscillation with the period Tres=1/fres undergoes little or no attenuation, and wherein the color intensity of a pixel to be printed is varied in that, for each pixel, a sequence of multiple ink drops (24) is ejectable in succession from the same nozzle (8) at a period Tdrop=1/fdrop for the ejection of an ink drop, characterized in that energy is only introduced into the printing system (11) via the actuation signal precisely when an ink drop (24) is actually to be ejected, wherein for the period Tdrop between (i) two subsequent printing control signals, and (ii) the oscillation period Tres=1/fres of the resonant natural frequency fres of the printing system (11), it applies:Tdrop?Tres/1.5.

US Pat. No. 10,556,426

PRINTING APPARATUS

Canon Finetech Nisca Inc....

1. A printing apparatus comprising:a print head for ejecting liquid onto a print medium;
a first roller pair disposed upstream of the print head with respect to a conveyance direction of the print medium, the first roller pair conveying the print medium to an ejection position of the print head at a first conveyance speed by a transmitted driving force while the first roller pair holds the print medium therebetween, and the first roller pair idly rotating by the print medium being held by the first roller pair and being pulled downstream in the conveyance direction;
a second roller pair disposed downstream of the print head with respect to the conveyance direction, the second roller pair conveying the print medium downstream in the conveyance direction at a second conveyance speed that is higher than the first conveyance speed while holding the print medium therebetween;
a first rotation detecting unit configured to detect information about the rotational speed of a roller in the first roller pair; and
a control unit configured to control the print head so as to perform an ejection operation at an ejection timing based on a detection result by the first rotation detecting unit, in a case in which the second roller pair does not hold the print medium and the first roller pair conveys the print medium at the first conveyance speed, and in a case in which the second roller pair holds the print medium to convey the print medium at the second conveyance speed and the first roller pair holds the print medium conveyed by the second roller pair and idly rotates.

US Pat. No. 10,556,424

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETECTING THE VOLUME OF A LIQUID DROP, AND METHOD FOR ADJUSTING THE VOLUME OF A LIQUID DROP

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. An apparatus for detecting a volume of a liquid drop, comprising:at least one measuring unit, wherein each of the at least one measuring unit comprises:
a first measurement groove;
at least one second measurement groove arranged adjacent to the first measurement groove; and
a third measurement groove arranged adjacent to the second measurement groove,
wherein a capacity of the first measurement groove is more than a total capacity of all second measurement grooves, a height of a sidewall of the first measurement groove shared by the second measurement groove arranged adjacent thereto is less than a height of a sidewall of the first measurement groove not shared by the second measurement groove, a height of a sidewall of the second measurement groove shared by the third measurement groove arranged adjacent thereto is less than a height of a sidewall of the second measurement groove not shared by the third measurement groove and the first measurement groove, and the height of the sidewall of the second measurement groove shared by the third measurement groove arranged adjacent thereto is less than the height of the sidewall of the first measurement groove not shared by the second measurement groove.

US Pat. No. 10,556,423

LIQUID EJECTING APPARATUS AND DETECTING METHOD OF INTERFERENCE SUBSTANCE

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A liquid ejecting apparatus comprising:an ejecting unit capable of ejecting a liquid;
a support unit configured to support a medium onto which the liquid is ejected, the support unit being movable in a movement direction between a set position where the medium is set and an ejecting start position where the ejecting unit starts ejecting the liquid; and
a detector configured to detect whether an interference substance which is a substance that causes an interference with the ejecting unit is present on the support unit, wherein
the detector is movable between a first position and a second position, a distance between the second position and the ejecting unit being longer than a distance between the first position and the ejecting unit, in the movement direction.

US Pat. No. 10,556,422

MACHINE ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD FOR SEQUENTIAL PROCESSING OF SHEET-TYPE SUBSTRATES

1. A machine arrangement for the sequential processing of sheet-type substrates, comprising:a plurality of processing stations arranged in a transport direction of the sheet-type substrates in the machine arrangement;
a non-impact printing unit for printing each of the sheet-type substrates and being included in a first one of the plurality of processing stations;
a primer application unit for priming each of the sheet-type substrates and a first dryer for drying the primer applied to each of the sheet-type substrates by the primer application unit, each of the primer application unit and the first dryer forming additional ones of the plurality of processing stations and each being arranged upstream of the non-impact printing unit, in the sheet-type substrate transport direction, wherein each one of the first processing station, that includes the non-impact printing unit for printing the sheet-type substrates, and the primer application unit for priming the substrates are mounted in its own frame as an autonomously installed one of a machine unit and a functional subassembly;
a printing cylinder and an impression cylinder in the first one of the plurality of processing stations which includes the non-impact printing unit, the non-impact printing unit being located on a periphery of the printing cylinder, the primer unit being located on a periphery of the impression cylinder, the printing cylinder being embodied as quadruple-sized and having a circumferential surface, wherein four of the sheet-type substrates can be arranged, one behind the other, in a circumferential direction on the circumferential surface of the printing cylinder and wherein each of the sheet-type substrates to be transported on the circumferential surface of the printing cylinder is held in one of a force-locking and a form-fitting manner by at least one retaining element;
a single drive train of gear wheels connected the printing cylinder of the non-impact printing unit and the impression cylinder of the primer application unit for joint rotation; and
a single drive for the single drive train, the single drive being one of a speed-controlled and a position-controlled electric motor.

US Pat. No. 10,556,421

PAD PRINTING MACHINE

ITW MORLOCK GMBH, Dornst...

1. A pad printing machine to print an object in at least two printing stages, said machine comprising at least one pad carrier and at least two printing plate zones into each of which a printing plate can be positioned,wherein said pad printing machine further comprises
at least one image recorder generating an image of at least one partial area of at least one of said two printing plate zones, and
at least a comparator to compare the image generated by the image recorder with reference data,
wherein the comparator includes a system comparing the generated image with a reference image.

US Pat. No. 10,556,420

MEASURING AND CORRECTING PRINT-TO-PRINT REGISTER OF A MULTICOLOUR PRINT FORMED ON PRINTED MATERIAL

KBA-NOTASYS SA, Lausanne...

1. A process of measuring a print-to-print register of a multicolour print provided in an effective printed area of a surface of a printed material, the multicolour print being formed on the printed material by way of a printing press and including at least a first pattern and a second pattern distinguishable from the first pattern, the process comprising:forming the multicolour print on the printed material in several consecutive passes by way of multiple printing presses, the printed material being provided with a combination of printed patterns produced in accordance with different printing processes so that the multicolour print results from a combination of an offset-printed pattern and an intaglio-printed pattern;
providing a matrix arrangement of individual imprints with the multicolour print in the effective printed area, each imprint being repeated over the surface of the effective printed area along a pattern of rows and columns;
deriving a set of multiple measurements of an actual print-to-print register between the first and second patterns at various imprint locations over the effective printed area by repeating for multiple ones of the individual imprints processing and finding a correspondence between:
(i) at least one sample image of the printed material covering at least a portion of the first and second patterns; and
(ii) at least one corresponding reference image generated using prepress design data of the first and second patterns;
mapping the set of multiple measurements into a corresponding print-to-print register map that is representative of print-to-print register deviations at the various imprint locations,
wherein said correspondence between the at least one sample image and the at least one reference image is found by performing a cross-correlation between the at least one sample image and the at least one reference image, the cross-correlation including finding an optimum of a correlation function between the at least one sample image and the at least one reference image.

US Pat. No. 10,556,419

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MISSING EJECTOR COMPENSATION IN THREE-DIMENSIONAL OBJECT PRINTING

Xerox Corporation, Norwa...

1. A three-dimensional object printer that compensates for inoperative ejectors comprising:a platen;
a memory that stores image data values corresponding to layers of a three-dimensional object to be printed by the three-dimensional object printer;
a plurality of ejectors configured to eject drops of material towards the platen;
a source of colored material, an inoperative ejector in the plurality of ejectors being operatively connected to the source of colored material; and
a source of clear material, an operative ejector in the plurality of ejectors being operatively connected to the source of clear material;
a source of material that is different than the colored material and different than the clear material and other operative ejectors in the plurality of ejectors are operatively connected to the source of material that is different than the colored material and different than the clear material; and
a controller operatively connected to the memory and the plurality of ejectors, the controller being configured to:
identify image data values stored in the memory that are associated with the inoperative ejector in the plurality of ejectors;
identify image data values associated with the other operative ejectors, the identified image data values being located within predetermined volumes about the identified image data values associated with the inoperative ejector;
replace the image data values associated with the inoperative ejector in the plurality of ejectors that are stored in the memory with image data values associated with the operative ejector in the plurality of ejectors that is configured to eject drops of the clear material that is different than the colored material ejected by the inoperative ejector in the plurality of ejectors;
replace the identified image data values associated with the other operative ejectors that are stored in the memory with image data values associated with the operative ejector that correspond to the clear material; and
operate the plurality of ejectors with reference to the image data values and the replaced image data values stored in the memory so the operative ejector in the plurality of ejectors ejects drops of the clear material that is different than the colored material ejected by the inoperative ejector in the plurality of ejectors into the three-dimensional object at positions where the inoperative ejector in the plurality of ejectors would have ejected material and so the operative ejector in the plurality of ejectors ejects drops of the clear material that is different than the material ejected by the other operative ejectors into the three-dimensional object at positions where the other operative ejectors would have ejected the material that is different than the colored material and different than the clear material.

US Pat. No. 10,556,418

SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF OPEN-CELL INTERNAL STRUCTURE AND CLOSED-CELL INTERNAL STRUCTURE GENERATION FOR ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

Autodesk, Inc., San Rafa...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:obtaining a three-dimensional (3D) model of an object to be created by a 3D printer on a print bed of the 3D printer;
determining a first slice of the 3D model that includes an exterior surface of the 3D model of the object and an interior region for the 3D model of the object located inside the exterior surface of the 3D model of the object for the first slice;
generating first slice data that represents a portion of an internal structure in the first slice of the 3D model of the object, the slice data being usable for fabricating the first slice of the object during a 3D printing process, wherein the portion of the internal structure (i) includes cell structures corresponding to a respective point of a plurality of points with corresponding locations within the interior region, wherein each of the cell structures include an empty space inside the cell structure and (ii) includes a determined quantity of the cell structures based on an analysis of the 3D model; and
determining additional slices of the 3D model that are arranged with respect to the first slice and layered along a z-axis from the print bed, wherein the first slice and the additional slices form a plurality of full cell structures during the 3D printing process that extend along the z-axis and form the internal structure usable to fill an interior region of the object and provide internal support for the object upon completion of the 3D printing process.

US Pat. No. 10,556,416

PRODUCTION OF JOINTS

ZEPHYROS, INC., Romeo, M...

1. A method for joining two panels comprising:adhering a heat activatable and expandable sealant material in a plurality of locations to a first panel, a second panel, or both, wherein the expandable sealant material in each of the plurality of locations is located at least partially within, and also extending beyond, an area where the bond between the second panel and the first panel is to be formed, and the first panel is located adjacent to the second panel;
assembling the first and the second panel to form a joint; and
activating the heat activatable and expandable sealant material to bond the panels together and provide a protective layer outside the region of the bond that covers one or more exposed edges of the first panel, the second panel, or both.

US Pat. No. 10,556,415

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR BUILDING A 3D OBJECT FROM LAYERS OF PRE-STRIPPED SUBSTRATE

HIGHCON SYSTEMS LTD, Yav...

1. A system for additive manufacture, the system comprising:a. mechanized stripping apparatus configured to (i) receive pre-stripping substrate comprising substrate-waste portion(s) and substrate-retained portion(s) that are attached to each other and separated from one another by cut(s) within the substrate; and (ii) to transform the pre-stripping substrate into post-stripping substrate by selectively stripping away the substrate-waste portion(s) from the substrate-retained portion(s);
b. a stacking station configured to add an object-layer of the post-stripping substrate to a stack of previously-stacked object-layers so as to grow the stack of object-layers;
c. a substrate handling arrangement configured to: (i) transport previously-cut substrate to the mechanized stripping apparatus; and (ii) to transport post-stripping substrate from the mechanized stripping apparatus to the stacking station,
wherein the mechanized stripping apparatus, the stacking station and the stacking handling arrangement are configured to repeat the stripping, the substrate-transporting and the adding to further grow the stack, and wherein the system further comprises a bonding device configured to bond the stacked object-layers to build a three-dimensional object therefrom, wherein (i) the substrate handling arrangement is adapted to horizontally support a flat, thin substrate so as to define a substrate-plane; and (ii) the stripping apparatus includes:
I. at least one flexible and soft impact-element; and
II. a rotation-drive positioned and configured to rotate the flexible and soft impact-element around a rotation-axis so as repeatedly drive a peripheral portion of the impact-element across the substrate-plane.

US Pat. No. 10,556,414

METHOD FOR THE FULL-SURFACE CONNECTION OF ANTIPARALLEL CONTACT SURFACES OF A FIRST AND A SECOND JOINING PARTNER BY MEANS OF A BLANK

PREH GMBH, Bad Neustadt ...

1. A method for a full-surface connection of contact surfaces, which form a cavity between them and extend in an antiparallel manner, of a first transparent joining partner and a second joining partner, comprising the following steps:providing and arranging the first joining partner having a first contact surface, the second joining partner having a second contact surface, and a blank made of an elastic material, such that the blank is disposed in the cavity formed between the first contact surface and second contact surface extending in an antiparallel manner, and wherein the blank has an outer adhesive layer;
heating the blank by irradiation with microwave radiation or infrared radiation (IR); and
curing or cross-linking the adhesive layer of the blank in order to form a layer structure of the first joining partner, the blank and the second joining partner.

US Pat. No. 10,556,413

METHOD FOR ASSEMBLY OF RECESSED PANEL DOORS

JELD-WEN UK, Ltd., Sheff...

1. A method for making a door assembly of the kind having an internal frame, a core, and first and second door skins attached to the frame on either side of the core, wherein each of the door skins has a planar portion bordering at least one recessed panel portion, said method comprising:seating a lower die section against a lower platen of a press so that a base of the lower die section is supported on the lower platen and a raised section of the lower die section stands off from the base thereof;
attaching an upper die section to an upper platen of the press so that a base of the upper die section is supported by the upper platen and a raised section of the upper die section stands off from the base thereof;
positioning a stack of door components within the press, including:
positioning a first door skin in the press with a recessed panel portion of the first door skin facing downward and contacting the raised section of the lower die section,
positioning a frame in the press over the first door skin, the frame defining a cavity,
positioning a compressible core in the press overlying the first door skin and within the cavity defined by the frame, and
positioning a second door skin in the press overlying the compressible core and the frame, with a recessed panel portion of the second door skin facing upward;
closing the press so that the raised section of the upper die section contacts the recessed panel portion of the second door skin; and
pressing the stack of door components between the lower and upper platens of the press with the recessed panel portions of the first and second door skins supported by the raised sections of the lower and upper die sections, respectively, so that the recessed panel portions compress and deform a portion of the compressible core of the door assembly underlying the recessed panel portions, to thereby form a door assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,556,412

COMPOSITION FOR ADHESION LAYER OF GAS BARRIER ADHESIVE SHEET, GAS BARRIER ADHESIVE SHEET, AND OPTICAL SHEET HAVING GAS BARRIER ADHESIVE SHEET

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An optical sheet including a single optical material layer comprising semiconductor nanocrystals enclosed in a polymer matrix; and a gas barrier adhesive sheet disposed on a surface of the optical material layer and comprising a gas barrier layer and an adhesion layer disposed on and in direct contact with the gas barrier layer,wherein the adhesion layer of the gas barrier adhesive sheet directly contacts with the surface of the optical material layer,
wherein the gas barrier layer comprises SiO2, TiO2, ZrO2, ZnO2, Al2O3, indium tin oxide, or a combination thereof, and
wherein the adhesion layer comprises a polymerization product of a composition, comprising:
first compound represented by Chemical Formula 1-6, Chemical Formula 1-7, Chemical Formula 1-8, or a combination thereof; a second compound represented by Chemical Formula 2; and a third compound represented by Chemical Formula 3:

wherein in Chemical Formula 1-7,
each R1 is independently a substituted or unsubstituted C1 to C20 alkylene group, wherein at least one —CH2— is optionally replaced with —S(?O)2—, —C(?O)—, —O—, —S—, S(?O)—, —C(?O)O—, —C(?O)NR— wherein R is hydrogen or a C1 to C10 linear or branched alkyl group, —NR— wherein R is hydrogen or a C1 to C10 linear or branched alkyl group, or a combination thereof, and
each R2 is independently hydrogen or a methyl group;

wherein in Chemical Formula 1-8, R is a C1 to C10 alkyl group;

wherein in Chemical Formula 2,
R1 is selected from hydrogen; a substituted or unsubstituted C1 to C30 linear or branched alkyl group; a substituted or unsubstituted C6 to C30 aryl group; a substituted or unsubstituted C3 to C30 heteroaryl group; a substituted or unsubstituted C3 to C30 cycloalkyl group; a substituted or unsubstituted C3 to C30 heterocycloalkyl group; a C1 to C10 alkoxy group; a hydroxy group; —NH2; —NRR? wherein R and R? of —NRR? are independently hydrogen or a C1 to C30 linear or branched alkyl group; an isocyanate group; a halogen; —ROR? wherein R of —ROR? is a substituted or unsubstituted C1 to C20 alkylene group and R? of —ROR? is hydrogen or a C1 to C20 linear or branched alkyl group; —RC(?O)X wherein R of —RC(?O)X is a substituted or unsubstituted alkylene group and X of —RC(?O)X is a halogen; —C(?O)OR? wherein R? of —C(?O)OR? is hydrogen or a C1 to C20 linear or branched alkyl group; —CN; or —C(?O)ONRR? wherein R and R? of —C(?O)ONRR? are independently hydrogen or a C1 to C20 linear or branched alkyl group,
L1 is a carbon atom, a substituted or unsubstituted C1 to C30 alkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6 to C30 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6 to C30 arylene group, or a substituted or unsubstituted C6 to C30 heteroarylene group, wherein at least one —CH2— in the substituted or unsubstituted C1 to C30 alkylene group is optionally replaced with —SO2—, —C(O)—, —O—, —S—, —SO—, —C(?O)O—, —C(?O)NR— wherein R of —C(?O)NR— is hydrogen or a C1 to C10 alkyl group, or a combination thereof,
Y1 is a single bond; a substituted or unsubstituted C1 to C30 alkylene group; a substituted or unsubstituted C2 to C30 alkenylene group; a C1 to C30 alkylene group; or a C2 to C30 alkenylene group, wherein at least one —CH2— is optionally replaced with —S(?O)2—, —C(?O)—, —O—, —S—, —S(?O)—, —C(?O)O—, —C(?O)NR— wherein R of —C(?O)NR— is hydrogen or a C1 to C10 linear or branched alkyl group, —NR— wherein R of —NR— is hydrogen or a C1 to C10 linear or branched alkyl group, or a combination thereof,
m is an integer of 1 or more,
k1 is an integer of 0 or 1 or more,
k2 is an integer of 1 or more,
provided that the sum of m and k2 is 2 or more, m does not exceed the valence of Y1, and the sum of k1 and k2 does not exceed the valence of L1;
Chemical Formula 3

wherein in Chemical Formula 3,
Ra is a C1 to C20 alkylene group, a C1 to C20 alkenylene group, a C1 to C20 alkynylene group, or a C1 to C20 arylene group,
Rb and Rc are the same or different and are each independently a C1 to C20 aliphatic or alicyclic hydrocarbon group,
X is a (meth)acrylate group, a mercapto group, or an epoxy group, and
k is an integer of 1 to 3.

US Pat. No. 10,556,410

MULTILAYER FILM FOR LABEL AND A METHOD FOR PROVIDING SUCH

UPM RAFLATAC OY, Tampere...

1. A shrinkable multilayer film for labeling comprising a first skin layer, a second skin layer and a core layer between the first skin layer and the second skin layer, wherein the first skin layer and the second skin layer each comprise cyclic olefin copolymer, the core layer consist of propylene terpolymer and copolymer of ethylene and butyl acrylate, wherein the multilayer film is configured to shrink in a direction of orientation of the multilayer film at least 35% at a temperature range between 65 and 85° C., wherein the multilayer film is configured to shrink less than 10% at a temperature below 65° C., and wherein the copolymer of ethylene and butyl acrylate is a block or random copolymer, comprising a n-butyl acrylate content in the range of 5% to 15% by weight.

US Pat. No. 10,556,409

POLYETHYLENE FILM

TOYOBO CO., LTD., Osaka-...

1. A polyethylene film wherein in at least either face, a ratio between an arithmetic mean roughness in a machine direction of film (Ra (MD) [?m]), and an arithmetic mean roughness in a direction perpendicular to the machine direction (Ra (TD) [?m]) satisfies the following formula (1):1.2?Ra(TD)/Ra(MD)?3.6  (1)
wherein Ra (MD) is an arithmetic mean roughness measured in the machine direction of film, and
Ra (TD) is an arithmetic mean roughness measured in the direction perpendicular to the machine direction of film, and wherein
a three-dimensional arithmetic mean roughness SRa of the film surface satisfying the formula (1) is greater than or equal to 0.05 ?m and less than 0.2 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,556,408

ELECTRONIC DEVICE WITH A REDUCED FRICTION SURFACE

APPLE INC., Cupertino, C...

1. A keycap for a key mechanism, comprising:a keycap body defining a top surface and at least four side surfaces;
a substrate attached to the top surface and the at least four side surfaces of the keycap body; and
a plurality of glass beads at least partially embedded in the substrate and distributed over at least the top surface of the keycap body, the plurality of glass beads having a same index of refraction as the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,556,406

LIGHT-SHIELDING BARRIER LAMINATE

DAI NIPPON PRINTING CO., ...

1. A light-shielding barrier laminate comprising:a transparent gas barrier film; and
a light-shielding sealant film laminated on the transparent gas barrier film via an adhesive layer, wherein
the transparent gas barrier film comprises a transparent resin film and an inorganic oxide vapor deposition film formed on one side of the transparent resin film,
the light-shielding sealant film comprises a heat-sealable resin film and a light-shielding aluminum vapor deposition film formed on one side of the heat-sealable resin film,
the side of the heat-sealable resin film on which the aluminum vapor deposition film is formed faces the side of the transparent resin film on which the inorganic oxide vapor deposition film is formed via the adhesive layer,
the aluminum vapor deposition film is formed by a vacuum vapor deposition method with a resistance heating system, and
the transparent gas barrier film is a gas-barrier coated film made of a gas barrier composition comprising one or more alkoxides represented by the general formula R1nM(OR2)m (where R1 and R2 are C1 to 8 organic groups, M is selected from silicon, zirconium, titanium, and aluminum, n is an integer of 0 or greater, m is an integer of 1 or greater, and n+m is the valency of M), and either or both a polyvinyl alcohol-based resin or an ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer, and obtained by polycondensation by a sol-gel method, further formed on the inorganic oxide vapor deposition film.

US Pat. No. 10,556,404

COMPOSITION FOR NON-ORIENTED ELECTRICAL STEEL SHEET, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING NON-ORIENTED ELECTRICAL STEEL SHEET PRODUCT, AND NON-ORIENTED ELECTRICAL STEEL SHEET PRODUCT

POSCO, Pohang-si, Gyeong...

1. A non-oriented electrical steel sheet adhesive coating composition comprising:a first composition including an epoxy resin and an inorganic nanoparticle of SiO2, TiO2, ZnO, or combinations thereof; and
an inorganic additive of sodium hydroxide (NaOH),
wherein the inorganic nanoparticle is substituted in a terminal substituent group of the epoxy resin,
the epoxy resin is a multifunctional epoxy resin in which there are three or more epoxy groups, and
wherein the content of the inorganic additive is from 1 to 10 wt % of sodium hydroxide with respect to 100 wt % of the non-oriented electrical steel sheet adhesive coating composition.

US Pat. No. 10,556,403

WELDING PROMOTING ELEMENT FOR A CLOSURE OF AN OPENING DEVICE

1. A welding promoting element for an opening device, the welding promoting element being insertable into a lid of the opening device to connect the lid to a closing element closing a pour opening of the opening device, the welding promoting element comprising:a sheet element comprising:
a conductive layer of electrically-conductive material,
a first layer of heat-sealable plastic material, and
a second layer of heat-sealable plastic material arranged on opposite sides of the conductive layer,
wherein:
the conductive layer has a thickness in the range of 5-15 ?m,
each of the first layer and second layer has a thickness in the range of 10-50 ?m,
the first layer comprises a first layer element and a further first layer element that is interposed between the first layer element and the conductive layer,
the second layer comprises a second layer element and a further second layer element that is interposed between the second layer element and the conductive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,556,402

COLD FOIL TEMPORARY TATTOO AND PROCESS FOR MAKING THE SAME

TMI Acquisition, LLC, Tu...

1. A temporary foil tattoo comprising:(a) a base sheet;
(b) a first ink layer on the base sheet;
(c) a first adhesive layer comprising cold foil adhesive on the first ink layer;
(d) a foil layer on the first adhesive layer;
(e) a second ink layer on the foil layer;
a second adhesive layer on the second ink layer; and
(g) a protective liner sheet on the second adhesive layer,wherein the protective liner sheet is removable for exposing the second adhesive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,556,401

BONDED STRUCTURE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. An adhesion structure comprising:a pair of members facing with each other; and
a protrusion integrally formed on at least one member of the pair of members, the protrusion protruding toward another member of the pair of members, having a predetermined height, and abutting on the another member of the pair of members to provide a gap holding an adhesive between facing surfaces of the pair of members to adhere and fix the pair of members and to have a thickness of the adhesive determined by the predetermined height;
wherein the protrusion extends in a sliding direction in which the one member of the pair of members is slid on the another member of the pair of members when the pair of members are assembled with each other,
wherein the at least one member of the pair of members includes a working hole defined therein, the working hole disposed behind the protrusion in the sliding direction,
wherein the working hole is a positioning hole for assembling the pair of members, and
wherein the adhesive adheres and fixes the pair of members by adhesive curing.

US Pat. No. 10,556,400

BATTERY PACKAGING MATERIAL

DAI NIPPON PRINTING CO., ...

1. A battery packaging material comprising a sheet-shaped laminate including at least a base material layer, a metal layer and a sealant layer laminated in this order, whereinthe battery packaging material is formed so as to protrude from the sealant layer side to the base material layer side, and includes a space on the sealant layer side that is configured to accommodate a battery element,
the battery packaging material includes a first curved section and a second curved section in this order from a center portion to an end part of the battery packaging material in a cross-section in the thickness direction on a straight line connecting mutually opposed corners of a portion protruding in plan view of the battery packaging material from the base material layer side, and
a thickness a of the metal layer at the first curved section, a thickness c of the metal layer at the second curved section, and a thickness b of the metal layer at a section situated between the first curved section and the second curved section satisfy the following relationship:
a?b>c or a?c>b.

US Pat. No. 10,556,398

ARRAYS AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURE

Digital Sensing Limited, ...

1. A microarray structure including:a substrate material layer;
a continuous three-dimensional (3D) surface layer on the substrate material layer that:
is formed from an electrically conductive material and comprises a first electrode; and
includes accurately defined and functionalisable isolated areas having millimeter to nanometer sized tips on the 3D surface layer,
wherein the tips are interconnected within the microarray structure by the 3D surface layer, and wherein the tips protrude through, are exposed above, and are isolated by, an inert material between the accurately defined and functionalisable isolated areas;
a counter electrode electrically isolated from the first electrode within the microarray structure; and
a conductive electrolytic solution;
wherein when the microarray structure contacts the conductive solution and current is passed between the counter electrode and the first electrode, the current passes via the conductive solution; and
wherein the inert material is on the 3D surface layer and is separated from the substrate layer by the 3D surface layer.

US Pat. No. 10,556,397

EXTERIOR PANEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF EXTERIOR PANEL

NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION,...

1. An exterior panel comprising:a metal sheet having a curved portion;
a resin structure which includes a plurality of tubular bodies having the same length in a central axis direction, top surfaces covering respective one end portions of the tubular bodies, and base portions connecting respective the other end portions of the tubular bodies and is formed with the top surfaces being brought into close contact with and joined to the curved portion of the metal sheet; and
a sheet member made of a resin or paper and joined to the base portions of the resin structure,
a relationship between a tensile elastic modulus E (N/mm2) and a thickness t (mm) of the sheet member satisfies Formula (1)
4.0 (N·mm)

US Pat. No. 10,556,396

METHODS AND A MACHINE FOR FORMING A SHELF-READY SHIPPER DISPLAY SYSTEM

WestRock Shared Services,...

1. A machine for forming a container from a blank, wherein the blank includes a reinforcement panel, a first side panel, a first end panel, a second side panel, a second end panel, and a glue panel connected in series along a plurality of parallel fold lines, said machine comprising:a mandrel coupled to a frame, said mandrel having a first side, an opposite second side, and an external shape complementary to an internal shape of at least a portion of the container;
a first presser arm associated with the frame, said first presser arm positionable generally proximate said first side of said mandrel, said first presser arm configured to wrap a first portion of the blank including at least the second end panel about said mandrel;
a folding arm associated with the frame, said folding arm positionable at least generally proximate said second side of said mandrel, said folding arm configured to wrap a second portion of the blank including at least the first end panel and the first side panel about said mandrel;
a second presser arm associated with the frame, said second presser arm disposed generally proximate said first presser arm, said second presser arm configured to wrap a third portion of the blank including at least the reinforcement panel about said mandrel and into face-to-face contact with the second end panel;
a reinforcement panel presser assembly associated with the frame, said reinforcement panel presser assembly configured to press the reinforcement panel and the second end panel together against said mandrel to couple the reinforcement panel and the second end panel together;
a glue panel folder assembly associated with the frame, said glue panel folder assembly configured to rotate the glue panel into contact with said mandrel; and
a glue panel presser assembly associated with the frame, said glue panel presser assembly configured to press the glue panel and a portion of the first side panel together against said mandrel to form a manufacturing joint of the container.

US Pat. No. 10,556,395

STEEL WIRE DEFORMING APPARATUS FOR BEAD CORES

FUJI SEIKO CO., LTD., (J...

1. A deforming apparatus for a steel wire for a bead core, comprising:a molding drum that molds a bead core by winding a steel wire;
a deforming roller that is arranged upstream of the molding drum, wherein the steel wire is mounted on the deforming roller in a curved manner such that the deforming roller deforms the steel wire;
a guide device that is arranged upstream of the deforming roller and guides the steel wire to the deforming roller; and
a deforming amount changing device that changes a length by which the steel wire is mounted on the deforming roller in a curved manner by moving the guide device toward or separately from the deforming roller without changing a position of the deforming roller with respect to the molding drum.

US Pat. No. 10,556,394

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING RUBBER MEMBER

TOYO TIRE CORPORATION, I...

1. An apparatus for manufacturing a rubber member, comprising: an extruder which kneads a rubber material and extrudes a kneaded rubber material; a mouthpiece which ejects the rubber material supplied from the extruder; and a support surface which faces the mouthpiece in an opposed manner, the support surface and the mouthpiece being moved relative to each other thus molding a rubber member made of the rubber material on the support surface, whereinthe apparatus further comprises:
a rubber pool portion which is formed between the mouthpiece and the support surface and in which the rubber material ejected from an ejection port of the mouthpiece is pooled; and
a closing surface which is capable of closing the rubber pool portion on a front side in a moving direction of the support surface with respect to the mouthpiece, the closing surface being inclined so as to narrow a distance between the closing surface and the support surface toward the front side in the moving direction, and wherein
the rubber material is ejected from the ejection port in a state where the rubber pool portion is closed by the closing surface, the support surface and the mouthpiece are moved relative to each other after at least a portion of the rubber pool portion is filled with the rubber material, and a lamination starting end of the rubber material to the support surface is pressed to the closing surface thus molding the lamination starting end into an inclined surface shape and, thereafter, the closing surface is moved in a direction away from the support surface.

US Pat. No. 10,556,393

MONITORING OF CURE STATE THROUGH THE USE OF MICROWAVES

The Curators of the Unive...

1. A method of manufacturing a tire, comprising:curing the tire in a curing press;
applying microwave energy at a given frequency band into the tire during the curing of the tire;
monitoring the interaction between the microwave energy and the tire to obtain a complex reflection coefficient;
calculating a root-mean-squared error using the measured complex reflection coefficient and a reference reflection coefficient, wherein the reference reflection coefficient is from a fully cured tire made from the same material as the tire;
continuing to monitor the interaction to obtain the complex reflection coefficient and continuing to calculate the root-mean-squared error at different times during the curing of the tire in the curing press; and
using the calculated root-mean-squared errors to determine whether to stop the curing of the tire in the curing press.

US Pat. No. 10,556,392

APPARATUS FOR SEALING AND INFLATING MOTOR VEHICLE TIRES

Continental Reifen Deutsc...

1. An apparatus for sealing and inflating motor vehicle tires, the apparatus comprising:a housing;
a compressor disposed in said housing;
a motor configured to drive said compressor;
said compressor being configured to generate a pump pressure;
a connector for a sealant container;
a valve and distributor unit for sealant and pressurized gas;
a plurality of connectors;
a switching device;
a control device;
a display device;
a manually actuatable pressure discharge valve for decreasing the tire pressure;
said manually actuatable pressure discharge valve being configured such that, when the sealant container is connected and/or during delivery of sealant from the sealant container into the tire, an actuation of said manually actuatable pressure discharge valve is prevented; and
wherein said manually actuatable pressure discharge valve is mechanically blocked when the sealant container is connected.

US Pat. No. 10,556,391

THERMALLY EXPANSIVE MOLDING TOOL AND A METHOD OF MOLDING WITH SUCH TOOL

BOMBARDIER INC., Dorval ...

1. A device for selectively applying pressure to a fiber impregnated resin, the device comprising:a thermally expansive material having a body which extends in an axial direction from an upper terminal surface to an opposite lower terminal surface;
a first retaining member affixed to at least one of the upper terminal surface and the lower terminal surface; and
at least one disc-shaped internal retaining member disposed within the body of the thermally expansive material, the at least one internal retaining member having a first surface oriented in a direction facing the first retaining member and a second surface oriented in a direction facing away from the first retaining member,
wherein the first retaining member is configured to limit expansion of the thermally expansive material in a direction substantially perpendicular to the axial direction and to direct expansion in the axial direction when the thermally expansive material is subjected to an increase in temperature and wherein the first and second surfaces of the at least one internal retaining member are affixed to the thermally expansive material to limit expansion of the thermally expansive material in the direction substantially perpendicular to the axial direction and to direct expansion in the axial direction when the thermally expansive material is subjected to the increase in temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,556,390

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DIRECTIONAL ALIGNMENT OF NANOFIBERS IN A POROUS MEDIUM

University of South Alaba...

1. A method of directionally aligning nanofibers in a porous medium, comprising:establishing a source of a fluid matrix, the fluid matrix comprising a nanofiber dispersion;
contacting the porous medium with the fluid matrix;
positioning the porous medium against a permeable shaping tool, thereby causing the porous medium to at least partially conform to a curved surface of the permeable shaping tool;
moving the porous medium around a center of curvature for the curved surface; and
controlling a pressure within the permeable shaping tool thereby causing the fluid matrix to flow radially through the porous medium and the curved surface relative to the center of curvature such that nanofibers of the nanofiber dispersion within the porous medium are aligned by radial flow of the fluid matrix through the porous medium as the porous medium is moving around the center of curvature.

US Pat. No. 10,556,389

RECIRCULATING LINEAR FEED MECHANISM

Northrop Grumman Systems ...

1. A feed mechanism for feeding a filament through a print head assembly in a fusion deposition modeling (FDM) printer, said feed mechanism comprising:a first track including a plurality of first spaced apart track elements extending around the first track, said first track being driven in one direction by a drive gear; and
a second track including a plurality of second spaced apart track elements extending around the second track, wherein a plurality of both of the first track elements and the second track elements intermesh in a space between the first and second tracks so that as the first track is being driven contact between the first track elements and the second track elements in the space causes the second track to rotate in an opposite direction, and wherein the filament is positioned in the space and in contact with the first and second track elements therein so that rotation of the first and second tracks in opposite directions causes the filament to be driven through the space, and wherein the first and second tracks are oval shaped.

US Pat. No. 10,556,388

POLYESTER-BASED TAPE COMPOSITES FOR WOOD REINFORCEMENT

Eastman Chemical Company,...

1. A reinforced wood-containing material comprising a prepreg composite bonded onto a selected surface of a wood-containing material, wherein said prepreg composite is a unidirectional tape, wherein said prepreg composite comprises at least one thermoplastic polyester and at least one reinforcing fiber, wherein said polyester is an amorphous polyester having a glass transition temperature of at least 50° C., wherein said thermoplastic polyester comprises a dicarboxylic acid component and a diol component, wherein said diol component comprises diethylene glycol, 2,2,4,4-tetramethyl-1,3-cyclobutanediol, 1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol, neopentyl glycol, or a combination of two or more thereof, and wherein, when said diol component comprises 1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol, said 1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol makes up at least 40 mole percent of said diol component, wherein said polyester has a melt phase viscosity in the range of 103 to 107 Pa-s at 30 to 250° C.

US Pat. No. 10,556,387

METHOD OF SEAMING CARPET

Charles L. Bennett, Hope...

1. A method for joining two carpet segments, each carpet segment having an underside and at least one edge, the method comprising:abutting one edge of one carpet segment with one edge of the other carpet segment;
positioning a length of seam tape under the abutting edges, the seam tape comprising:
an elongated base layer being resilient in a longitudinal direction; and
an adhesive applied to the base layer; and
activating the adhesive to secure the seam tape to the undersides of both carpet segments;
wherein the base layer comprises textile or fabric; and
wherein the textile or fabric comprises cotton and elastane.

US Pat. No. 10,556,386

CONTROLLED HEATING FOR 3D PRINTING

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A method of printing a three-dimensional (3D) object, the method comprising:depositing and heating a set of uniform blank layers of sinterable material on a support member;
depositing, by a processor, a layer of the sinterable material on the set of uniform blank layers of sinterable material on the support member;
heating, by the processor, the layer of the sinterable material using a moveable radiation source;
depositing, by the processor, a fusing agent on an imaged area of the layer of the sinterable material; and
fusing, by the processor, the imaged area of the layer of the sinterable material using the moveable radiation source.

US Pat. No. 10,556,384

SUPPORTS FOR SINTERING ADDITIVELY MANUFACTURED PARTS

MARKFORGED, INC., Watert...

1. A method of reducing distortion in an additively manufactured part, comprising:depositing, in successive layers, a shrinking platform formed from a composite, the composite including metal particles embedded in a first matrix;
depositing, from the composite, a part upon the shrinking platform;
depositing a sliding layer below the shrinking platform, of equal or larger surface area than a bottom of the shrinking platform, the sliding layer configured to reduce lateral resistance between the shrinking platform and an underlying surface during sintering; and
forming, from the shrinking platform, sliding layer, and part, a portable assembly in a green state.

US Pat. No. 10,556,383

METHODS AND RAIL SUPPORTS FOR ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

General Electric Company,...

1. A method of fabricating an object based on a three dimensional computer model including the object and a solid support structure under the object using an additive manufacturing apparatus including a powder bed, energy beam, and a recoater arm, comprising:scanning multiple scan lines of the solid support in the powder bed in a single direction substantially parallel to a direction of movement of the recoater arm using a support beam width less than a spacing between adjacent scan lines; and
scanning multiple scan lines of the object above the support structure using an object beam width greater than the spacing between adjacent scan lines, the object beam width being different than the support beam width.

US Pat. No. 10,556,382

METHOD AND A SYSTEM TO OPTIMIZE PRINTING PARAMETERS IN ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING PROCESS

Arevo, Inc., Milpitas, C...

1. A method for optimizing an additive manufacturing process for generating a three-dimensional (3D) object using a 3D printer, comprising:(a) providing a first set of printing instructions generated based at least in part on (i) a model of said 3D object in computer memory and (ii) a first set of one or more printing parameters;
(b) using said first set of printing instructions or said first set of one or more printing parameters to compute an object model corresponding to said 3D object;
(c) identifying a mismatch between (i) said object model and (ii) at least one property requirement of said 3D object;
(d) upon identifying said mismatch in (c), generating a second set of printing instructions based at least in part on (i) said model of said 3D object in computer memory and (ii) a second set of one or more printing parameters, which second set of one or more printing parameters is different than said first set of one or more printing parameters; and
(e) transmitting said second set of printing instructions, or said first set of printing instructions for which there is no mismatch between a computed object model and said at least one property requirement, for printing said 3D object with said 3D printer,
wherein (a)-(d) are performed prior to initiating printing of said 3D object with said 3D printer.

US Pat. No. 10,556,381

THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTER WITH FORCE DETECTION

MakerBot Industries, LLC,...

1. A three-dimensional printer comprising:a fabrication tool including an extruder configured to extrude build material to fabricate an object during a build process;
one or more sensors mechanically coupled to the extruder, wherein the one or more sensors are collectively operable to sense a contact force between the extruder and a separate structure distinct from the fabrication tool; and
a controller configured to receive a signal from the one or more sensors on the extruder and to calculate the contact force between the extruder and the separate structure.

US Pat. No. 10,556,380

THREE-DIMENSIONAL MOLDING PRODUCING METHOD, THREE-DIMENSIONAL MOLDING PRODUCING APPARATUS, THREE-DIMENSIONAL MOLDING, AND MOLDING MATERIAL

RENAISSANCE OF TECHNOLOGY...

1. A three-dimensional molding producing method, comprising:using a molding material obtained by mixing a urethane resin powder with a gypsum powder and forming a three-dimensional molding by a powder lamination method; and
impregnating a urethane resin into the three-dimensional molding.

US Pat. No. 10,556,379

METHOD FOR PROCESSING PAEK AND ARTICLES MANUFACTURED FROM THE SAME

Hexcel Corporation, Stam...

12. A layer-by-layer process for manufacturing a three-dimensional object from a powder comprising the steps of:applying a layer of a powder on a bed of a laser sintering machine, the powder comprising recycled polyetherketoneketone (PEKK);
solidifying selected points of the applied layer of powder by irradiation;
successively repeating the step of applying the powder and the step of solidifying the applied layer of powder until all cross sections of a three-dimensional object are solidified;
wherein the recycled PEKK is a PEKK powder that has been previously used in an SLS process having a bed temperature between a melting point temperature of the PEKK powder before the SLS process (TM1) and 20 degrees Celsius less than the TM1 and having a laser with a power between 2 and 50 (W*s/mm 2);
wherein a melting point temperature of the recycled PEKK (TM2) is greater than TM1.

US Pat. No. 10,556,378

SELECTIVE SINTERING OF STRUCTURALLY MODIFIED POLYMERS

EOS GmbH Electro Optical ...

1. A three-dimensional object obtained by a selective sintering of a polymer, a copolymer or a blend of polymers in powder form by means of electromagnetic radiation, wherein the polymer or copolymer or blend of polymers used for the powder has a glass transition temperature TG in a range of 50 to 300° C. and a melting temperature Tm in a range of 150 to 400° C. and has at least one of the following structural characteristics (i) to (iv):(i) at least one branching group G in the backbone chain of the polymer or copolymer, wherein said branching group G is meant having, besides bonds linking portions A and B of the backbone chain as shown below

 at least one substituent S, wherein the substituent(s) S is (are) independently from each other selected from the group consisting of C1 to C6 unbranched or branched, chain- or ringshaped alkyl or alkoxy groups and aryl groups,
 provided that in case of the use of polyaryletherketones (PAEK) the branching group is an aromatic structural unit in the backbone chain of the polymer or copolymer;
(ii) modification of at least one end group of the backbone chain of the polymer or copolymer;
(iii) at least one bulky group in the backbone chain of the polymer or copolymer,
 provided that in case of the use of polyaryletherketones (PAEK) the bulky group is not selected from the group consisting of phenylene, biphenylene, naphthalene and CH2- or isopropylidene-linked aromatics;
(iv) at least one aromatic group non-linearly linking the backbone chain.

US Pat. No. 10,556,377

TRANSFER APPARATUS

TOSHIBA KIKAI KABUSHIKI K...

2. A transfer apparatus for transferring a fine transfer pattern formed on a mold to a resin coated on a substrate installed in a substrate installation part, comprising:a transfer roller configured to support the mold and carry out transferring with movement of the transfer roller; and
a transfer roller guide part configured to guide the transfer roller when the mold is pressed against the resin coated on the substrate installed in the substrate installation part by the movement of the transfer roller, wherein:
the transfer roller guide part is an inclined member inclined integrally with the substrate installation part; and
the inclined member is formed along a moving direction of the transfer roller and also formed so as to extend from the substrate installation part in the moving direction of the transfer roller and protrude obliquely to the moving direction at a predetermined angle.

US Pat. No. 10,556,376

METHOD OF MAKING FORMING SCREENS

TREDEGAR FILM PRODUCTS CO...

1. A process of making a forming screen, comprising the steps of:a) providing a metal layer;
b) bonding a first engravable material to the metal layer, the first engravable material having a first engravable material inner surface, a first engravable material outer surface, and a first engravable material thickness;
c) engraving a predetermined pattern into the first engravable material thickness with a collimated energy beam to remove a portion of the first engravable material to form a continuous, interconnected network of channels, the continuous interconnected network of channels comprising a negative space within the first engravable material to expose the metal layer and to create a plurality of discrete formations bonded to the metal layer, thereby creating a pre-form;
d) at least partially filling the continuous, interconnected network of channels of the pre-form with metal to a predetermined depth, thereby creating a metallized pre-form, the metallized pre-form comprising a metallic lattice, the plurality of discrete formations, the metal layer and a metallized pre-form external surface, the metallized pre-form external surface comprising the metallic lattice and the plurality of discrete formations, the metallic lattice comprising metallic lattice x-axis segments interconnected with metallic lattice y-axis segments and the plurality of discrete formations encompassed by the metallic lattice;
e) placing a second engravable material in contact with the metallized pre-form external surface to form a multiplanar base substrate, the second engravable material comprising a second engravable material inner surface, a second engravable material outer surface and a second engravable material thickness;
f) engraving the multiplanar base substrate by engraving the second engravable material with a collimated energy beam to remove a portion of the second engravable material to create a plurality of through-hole perforations that extend through the second engravable material thickness, wherein at least some of the plurality of through-hole perforations are aligned over the metallic lattice to form a multiplanar pre-form;
g) depositing metal into the multiplanar pre-form at the plurality of through-hole perforations to at least partially fill at least some of the through-hole perforations aligned over the metallic lattice to create a metallized multiplanar pre-form comprising a plurality of protrusions on the metal lattice;
h) removing the second engravable material from the metallized multiplanar pre-form;
i) removing the discrete formations from the metallized pre-form to create a screen precursor, the screen precursor comprising the metallic lattice and the metal layer, wherein metallic lattice encompasses a plurality of voids, the voids comprising negative space corresponding to the discrete formations of the metallized pre-form; and
j) removing the metallic lattice from the metal layer of the screen precursor by etching away the metal layer of the screen precursor, thereby creating a forming screen.

US Pat. No. 10,556,375

MOULD BASE PROVIDED WITH DECOMPRESSION CHANNELS OPENING ON TO A PERIPHERAL UPPER FACE

SIDEL PARTICIPATIONS, Oc...

1. Mold base (11) to equip a mold (1) for the manufacturing of a container (2) by blow molding or stretch blow molding starting from a polyolefin blank, with the container (2) comprising a body (4) and a base (6), the mold base (11) comprising:a raised molding face (12) that defines a base wall (13) and a peripheral side wall (14) that extends into the extension of the base wall (13) and that is connected to the latter by a fillet (15) that forms an impression for a plane (7) of installation of the container (2), with this mold base (11) ending, opposite the base wall (13), by a peripheral upper edge (16),
ribs (17) forming impressions for reinforcing grooves (8) of the base (6) of the container (2) and that straddle the fillet (15), and
decompression vents (24) that are hollowed out in the molding face (12), wherein the decompression vents (24) comprise, for each rib (17):
at least one pair of shallow side channels (24A) that extend on either side of the rib (17) and that open, at one upper end (25), onto the peripheral upper edge (16), and
at least one central channel (24B) that extends into the extension of the rib (17) and extends from one lower end (27) located at a vertex (28) of the rib (17)up to an upper end (29) by which the central channel (24B) opens onto the peripheral upper edge (16).

US Pat. No. 10,556,374

METHOD FOR CONVERTING A DESIGN OF AN ORIGINAL PREFORM AND A RELATED MOLD STACK FOR THE MOLDING THEREOF

Husky Injection Molding S...

1. A method for converting a design of an original preform that is blow moldable to form a container into a design of a converted preform having less molding material that is blow moldable to form the same container, the original preform having a hollow tubular body that includes a neck finish at an open end thereof, an original base at a closed end thereof and a body arranged between the neck finish and the original base, wherein the neck finish is configured to retain, in use, a closure thereon, and the body and the original base are blow moldable to form corresponding parts of the container, the method comprising:retaining the neck finish and the body of the original preform on the converted preform; and
replacing the original base of the original preform with a converted base having an outer base surface that joins with an outer body surface of the body at a base split line (S1) of the original base and that fits offset within an original outer body surface of the original base, whereby the outer base surface of the converted base is entirely convex, and the converted preform has a reduced total length, disregarding any gate vestige that may be formed thereon, relative to a total length of the original preform.

US Pat. No. 10,556,373

CONTAINER PRODUCTION METHOD BY LIQUID BLOW MOLDING

YOSHINO KOGYOSHO CO., LTD...

1. A container production method by liquid blow molding, comprising:a liquid blow molding step in which, as a blow molding mold, one having a bottom mold portion that forms an upward convex inner surface on a bottom of a cavity of the mold is used, and a pressurized liquid is supplied into a resin preform to mold the preform into a container of a shape conforming to the inner surface of the cavity; and
a head space forming step of forming a head space in an upper portion of the container, in which, with the container disposed in the cavity, a bottom panel portion molded into an upward convex shape on a bottom of the container is inverted by pushing it down with a pushing rod inserted from a mouth of the container and is plastically deformed into a downward convex shape, and simultaneously air is introduced into the container.

US Pat. No. 10,556,372

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FORMING STRETCH BLOW MOLDED CONTAINERS

GRAHAM PACKAGING COMPANY,...

1. A base assembly for a stretch blow molding apparatus forming a base portion of a plastic container, the base assembly comprising:a unified one-piece base pedestal;
a unified one-piece base mold comprising at least one curved contact surface that forms at least one downward convex cavity of said plastic container attached to the base pedestal;
a unified one-piece push rod movable between a first position and a second position with respect to the unified one-piece base mold to reposition a portion of the plastic container; and
an activation mechanism adapted to move the push rod between the first position and the second position, wherein said base assembly is suitable for stretch blow molding.

US Pat. No. 10,556,371

GLOSSY CONTAINER

1. A method of blow molding a glossy article, the method comprising the steps of:providing a parison comprising an outer layer of thermoplastic material and an inner layer of thermoplastic material, wherein the inner layer has a lower melt flow index than the outer layer;
heating a mold to a first temperature of greater about 55° C., wherein the mold has an inner surface with at least a portion of SPI finish standard selected from the group consisting of A-1, A-2, A-3, B-1, B-2 and B-3 mold, wherein the first temperature is greater than about 5° C. above a heat distortion temperature of the outer layer of the thermoplastic material and the inner layer of thermoplastic material;
feeding the parison into the heated mold;
blowing the parison against the inner surface of the heated mold to form the article;
subsequently lowering the temperature of the mold to a second temperature of between about 10° C. to about 55° C. while an outer surface of the article touches the inner surface of the mold, wherein the second temperature is less than about 5° C. below the heat distortion temperature of the outer layer and the inner layer, and
wherein the cycle time (tct) of the mold is less than 250 seconds.

US Pat. No. 10,556,370

PARISON TRANSFER APPARATUS

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A parison transfer apparatus comprising:a die core for a blow molding machine for obtaining a blow molded article, the die core being configured to extrude a parison, which has a form of a single sheet or a plurality of sheets as a result of cutting, and which is in an arc shape toward a space below the die core; and
at least two parison expansion rollers disposed below the die core, the parison expansion rollers having a conical shape, wherein:
the parison expansion rollers are arranged to abut against a vicinity of respective side end portions of the parison which is formed in the arc-shape, and which has the form of the single sheet or the plurality of sheets; and
the parison expansion rollers are configured to be rotated in a direction opposite to a downflow direction of the parison to pull the side end portion of the parison such that a width of the side end portion expands and a shape of the parison changes from the arc shape into a flat plate shape.

US Pat. No. 10,556,369

MODULAR MOLDING ASSEMBLY

Velcro BVBA, Deinze (BE)...

1. A molding apparatus defining a processing direction and comprising:a reaction surface; and
a plurality of molding modules spaced apart in a lateral direction perpendicular to the processing direction, for simultaneous molding in respective regions associated with the modules, each molding module comprising:
a frame; and
a rotatable roller coupled to the frame, the rotatable roller defining in cooperation with the reaction surface a respective pressure zone, at least one of the reaction surface and rotatable roller defining an array of molding cavities;
wherein the rotatable roller of each molding module is independently movable with respect to proximity to the reaction surface by controlled operation of the frame of the molding module.

US Pat. No. 10,556,368

THERMOPLASTIC PAVEMENT MARKING FLAKE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THERMOPLASTIC PAVEMENT MARKING FLAKE AND ITS APPLICATION

Fortson-Peek Company, Inc...

1. A method of manufacturing thermoplastic road marking material in flake form, comprising:providing flake ingredients, wherein the flake ingredients comprise a non-adhesive portion comprising one or more non-adhesive ingredients, and a remaining ingredient portion, wherein the remaining ingredient portion comprises remaining ingredients and an adhesive portion, wherein the adhesive portion comprises adhesive ingredients;
heating the remaining ingredient portion and mixing;
applying to a flaking device one or more of the non-adhesive ingredients, in a manner so that the softening point of the separate materials are higher than that of the combined flake ingredients;
applying the remaining ingredient portion in the molten state to the flaking device;
subsequently cooling the applied materials into a solid; and
flaking the cooled material from the flaking device in a single process, wherein the flaking produces one or more multi-layered free-flowing thermoplastic flakes.

US Pat. No. 10,556,367

COMPOSITE BLADE COMPRISING A PLATFORM EQUIPPED WITH A STIFFENER

SAFRAN AIRCRAFT ENGINES, ...

1. A fiber preform for a turbine engine blade obtained by three-dimensional weaving, the preform comprising:a first longitudinal segment suitable for forming a blade root extending from a first end of the preform toward a second end of the preform;
a second longitudinal segment extending from the first longitudinal segment in an upward direction away from the first end of the preform to the second end of the preform and suitable for forming an airfoil portion;
a first transverse segment extending transversely from the junction between the first and second longitudinal segments and suitable for forming a first platform; and
a first stiffener strip extending from a distal edge of the first transverse segment in a downward direction opposite to the upward direction, the first stiffener strip being suitable for forming a first platform stiffener;
wherein the first stiffener strip extends along an entirety of the distal edge of the first transverse segment.

US Pat. No. 10,556,366

VOID FORMER

1. A void former to form a void in an earth retaining cast block to locate a strap for a strap stabilised earth structure, the void former forming a void during casting intermediate a first face of the block and a second face of the block, the void former comprising:a tail section forming a conduit configured to operationally accept a strap from a first end of the tail section, and
a head section at a second end of the tail section configured to form a recess open at the second face of the block to operationally accept a loop of the strap extending from the conduit section and a locking pin to extend through the loop and locatable to prevent the strap from being able to pull back through the void former,wherein the tail section comprises a bend, so that the strap extends substantially horizontally from the tail section at the first face of the block and with the pin located at the second face of the block, the second face at an angle to the first face.

US Pat. No. 10,556,364

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A MOLDED INSULATING PART, MOLDED INSULATING PART PRODUCED BY SAID METHOD

CUYLITS HOLDING GMBH, Be...

1. A process for producing a molded insulating part (1) for thermal insulation, consisting of the following process steps:producing an inorganic pulp (2) composed of water (3), glass fibers and/or mineral fibers (4) and sheet silicate (5); wherein the glass fibers and/or mineral fibers (4) are heat resistant up to a temperature ranging from 600° C. to above 1000° C.,
introducing the pulp (2) into a cavity (6) of a casting tool (7) whose wall is at least partially water-permeable, which cavity (6) has on at least one side the negative shape of the molded insulating part (1) to be produced,
removing the aqueous fraction present in the pulp (2), by using a sub atmospheric pressure, produced within the casting tool (7) relative to normal atmospheric pressure,
opening of the casting tool (7) and subsequent taking-out of the molded insulating part (1) produced.

US Pat. No. 10,556,362

TOE NOTCH PLATE

1. A system, comprising:a router comprising a router bit;
a plate detachably attachable to the router, wherein the plate comprises:
an edge guide configured to contact an edge of a work piece;
a router mounting surface comprising a router bit clearance hole through which the router bit is configured to be positioned
a work piece contact area configured to contact a face of the work piece, the work piece contact area comprising a first planar surface and a second planar surface;
a first bend that connects the edge guide and the router mounting surface at an angle such that the edge guide is configured to rest flatly against an edge of the work piece while the work piece contact area is contacting the face of the work piece;
a second bend that connects the router mounting surface and the first planar surface of the work piece contact area; and
a third bend that connects the first planar surface and the second planar surface of the work piece contact area;
wherein the plate is configured to position the router bit at a predetermined depth and a predetermined angle relative to a face of a work piece and guide the router to create a groove a predetermined distance from an edge of the work piece when the router is pulled along the edge of the work piece;
wherein the predetermined angle of the router bit causes the groove to comprise a first linear surface and a second linear surface perpendicular to the first linear surface, the first linear surface and the second linear surface being recessed in the face of the work piece; and
wherein the second linear surface has a surface angle and a surface depth sufficient for a nose of a pneumatic nail gun to rest thereon and provide an entry point for a nail or a staple to secure the work piece to another piece.

US Pat. No. 10,556,361

FEED SYSTEM FOR COATING MATERIAL

Homag GmbH, Schopfloch (...

1. A system for feeding a coating material from at least one movable modular unit, the at least one movable modular unit being provided for the accommodation and provision of roll-shaped or coil-shaped coating material units comprising edge bands configured to attach to a narrow side of panel-shaped workpieces, to a coating device, comprising:a feed section for accommodating and transporting the coating material, wherein the feed section has a multiplicity of feed guides, and wherein (a) a separately controllable actuator, or (b) an adjustable actuator, is provided at an inlet region of each feed guide;
a magazine unit for guiding the coating material provided by the feed section;
the at least one movable modular unit; and
a coupling section for coupling the at least one movable modular unit at the feed section, the at least one movable modular unit accommodating coating material units,
wherein the coupling section has a latching accommodation which may be engaged with a latching element of the at least one movable modular unit, and
wherein the coupling section has an electrical interface for electrically coupling the at least one movable modular unit with the feed section.

US Pat. No. 10,556,360

FLAT PAPER PUNCH

American Crafts, L.C., L...

1. A punch capable of punching a sheet of material, the punch comprising:a punch body having a bottom portion with a surface upon which the punch body rests during use of the punch, an upper portion over the bottom portion, and a fissure, laterally disposed between the bottom portion and the upper portion and capable of receiving the sheet of material;
a lever pivotably coupled adjacent to a rear of the punch body, the lever having an open position in which a nose of the lever is spaced apart from a front of the upper portion of the punch body and a closed position in which the nose is adjacent to the front of the upper portion of the punch body and the lever is oriented parallel to an orientation of the punch body, the nose including an underside with a receptacle; a punch block;
having an upper surface, the punch block positionable between the lever and the punch body and movable along a first axis generally perpendicular to the fissure; and
a locking mechanism accessible and operable from the surface upon which the punch body rests during use of the punch, the locking mechanism comprising a slide at least partially recessed in a front of the bottom portion of the punch and a hook latch associated with the slide, the slide being movable between an unlocked position and a locking position, the hook latch capable of engaging the receptacle of the lever when the lever is depressed to the closed position.

US Pat. No. 10,556,359

UNIFIED PUNCH INFLATION AND SEALING TOOL

NIKE, Inc., Beaverton, O...

1. A tool for introducing fluid into a sealed volume comprising:an electrode having an outer circumference and an inner circumference, the inner circumference defining a volume within the electrode, the electrode being mechanically coupled to a base at a first end of the electrode, the electrode being open at a second end;
an actuator mechanically coupled to the base;
a punch having a punch head, the punch being coupled to the actuator, the punch head residing within the volume in the electrode in a first punch position and being outside of the volume of the electrode in a second punch position, the punch head comprising a punch edge defining a perimeter, a surface of the punch within the perimeter of the punch edge being concave and defining a punch volume, an average depth of the punch volume being less than an average diameter of the punch edge; and
a first fluid delivery conduit, the first fluid delivery conduit being in fluid communication with the volume in the electrode and in fluid communication with the opening at the second end of the electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,556,358

PERFORATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

Eagle Ottawa North Americ...

1. A perforation system for perforating a flexible work piece comprising:a punch tool having a block that has a bottom surface that faces toward the flexible work piece and a punch head that extends from the bottom surface of the block, the punch head defining a vertical axis and having a first shape;
a housing that defines a housing cavity that receives the punch tool such that the block contacts the housing in the housing cavity and is moveable with respect to the housing along the vertical axis, wherein the housing does not move along the vertical axis;
a guide member that is receivable in the housing cavity, wherein the punch head is received in the guide member;
a die positioned along the vertical axis and having an ejection port defined by a second shape; and
a drive mechanism coupled to the punch tool and that translates the block downwardly along the vertical axis so that the bottom surface of the block contacts the guide member and the guide member contacts the flexible work piece and translates the punch head downwardly along the vertical axis to perforate the flexible work piece, wherein the first shape overlaps the second shape to provide for punch-to-die contact which results in a clean cut along a perimeter of the second shape.

US Pat. No. 10,556,356

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PERFORMING A TASK ON A MATERIAL, OR LOCATING THE POSITION OF A DEVICE RELATIVE TO THE SURFACE OF THE MATERIAL

Sharper Tools, Inc., San...

1. A computer-implemented method of positioning a cutting instrument mounted in a rig, the method comprising:scanning, by a first sensor, a first portion of a surface of a material to obtain scanned data, wherein the scanned data is used to generate first data;
scanning, by a second sensor coupled to one or more processors, a second portion of the surface of the material to obtain second scanned data, wherein the second sensor is separate from the first sensor;
determining, by at least one of the one or more processors and based at least in part upon the first data and the second scanned data, a position of the cutting instrument;
comparing, using at least one of the one or more processors, the position of the cutting instrument to a desired path, wherein the desired path is based at least in part upon a design plan; and
responsive to the comparison and using at least one actuator, moving the cutting instrument to a target point on the desired path.

US Pat. No. 10,556,355

FOOD PUSHERS AND FOOD HOLDER SYSTEMS AND MANDOLINES INCORPORATING THE SAME

DKB HOUSEHOLD UK LIMITED,...

1. A food pusher for moving food relative to a work surface, the food pusher comprising a support and a food pusher wall for pushing food relative to the work surface, the food pusher wall comprising a first pusher wall arranged to push food across the work surface and a second pusher wall for pushing food down onto the work surface, wherein the first pusher wall has a non-circular cross-section comprising a jaw-shaped wall portion, wherein the food pusher wall is biased downwardly away from the support by a bias, and wherein the first and second pusher walls are coupled to one another, formed integral with one another, or both.

US Pat. No. 10,556,353

ROBOT ARM CONTROL DEVICE AND ROBOT ARM OPERATION METHOD

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. A robot arm control device, comprising:a pressure sensing module arranged on a robot arm, wherein the pressure sensing module is used to detect whether an object hits or touches the robot arm so as to switch an operating mode of the robot arm;
a workspace defining module, comprising a sensing region formed by a mat or an array of pressure sensors and arranged on a peripheral area around the robot arm, wherein the workspace defining module determines whether the object enters a predetermined operating space according to a position of the object in the sensing region, and sets a working range and a working mode of the robot arm according to which operating space the object has entered; and
a control module connected to the robot arm, the pressure sensing module and the workspace defining module, wherein the control module is used to switch the operating mode of the robot arm and output a motor driving signal to the robot arm according to the working mode of the robot arm, wherein the control module comprises a joint-motor controller and a friction compensator, the friction compensator calculates a friction compensation torque applied to each joint according to a rotation speed of each joint of the robot arm when the joint-motor controller generates a set of motor torque signals for moving the robot arm according to an operation command.

US Pat. No. 10,556,349

MULTIPURPOSE ROBOTIC SYSTEM

1. A robotic system, comprising:a movable robot with an arm, the arm configured to be selectively extended and retracted;
an enclosure coupled to a distal end of the arm, the enclosure including a limited range network; and
the limited range network configured to communicate with another computing device and receive commands from the another computing device, when the arm is selectively extended to be proximate with the another computing device.

US Pat. No. 10,556,348

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SEMANTIC PROCESSING OF NATURAL LANGUAGE COMMANDS

1. A method comprising:assigning, via a sequence tagger, a part of speech, a semantic tag and a label to each word in a natural language command addressed to a robotic arm to yield a tagged natural language command;
semantically parsing, via a processor and a semantic parsor, the tagged natural language command to yield a parsed natural language command, wherein a data set used to train the semantic parsor does not include any tag from which the sequence tagger selects for assigning the semantic tag; and
moving the robotic arm according to a spatial validation of a physical context of the natural language command when applied to the robotic arm.

US Pat. No. 10,556,347

VISION GUIDED ROBOT PATH PROGRAMMING

Brachium, Inc., San Ramo...

1. A vision based robot programming method for generating a robot program to follow a desired path on an actual object to move a process tool relative to the actual object based on prior knowledge of a nominal object and a nominal path image on the nominal object, where the nominal object is similar to the actual object, the method comprising:supplying a first visual image of a region near a starting point of the desired path on the actual object;
identifying a starting point 1d on the actual object by comparing features in the visual image of the actual object with data concerning these features on the nominal object;
aligning a point 1n in the nominal path image with the point 1d in the desired path;
setting an integer k equal to 1;
(a) moving the robot to point kd, and recording coordinates of point kd;
(b) superimposing a (k+1)th visual image that defines a trajectory for movement to a next target point (k+1)d on the desired path in the vicinity of a corresponding approximate point (k+1)n on the nominal path image;
(c) identifying point (k+1)d on the actual object by comparing features in the kth visual image of the actual object with data concerning these features on the nominal object;
(d) aligning point (k+1)n in the nominal path image with point (k+1)d;
incrementing k by 1 and repeating steps (a) to (d) unless k=N, where N is a positive integer;
if k=N, moving the robot to point Nd, recording coordinates of point Nd, and then stopping.

US Pat. No. 10,556,345

ROBOT ARM APPARATUS AND CALIBRATION METHOD

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A medical arm system, comprising:an arm unit that comprises a plurality of links, wherein the plurality of links is joined by a plurality of joint units;
an imaging unit configured to capture an image of a surgical field, wherein the imaging unit is attachable to the arm unit; and
a processor circuitry configured to:
acquire internal model information;
update an internal model based on the internal model information; and
drive the medical arm system based on the internal model, wherein
the internal model information comprises first geometric information of the arm unit, second geometric information of a jig attachable to the arm unit, and focus position information of the imaging unit, and
the internal model information is acquired in a state in which the imaging unit is pointed at a specific point on the jig as a reference point in a real space.

US Pat. No. 10,556,344

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING A SEQUENCE OF KINEMATIC CHAINS OF A MULTIPLE ROBOT

Siemens Industry Software...

1. A method for determining, by a data processing system, a sequence of kinematic chains of a multiple robot along a sequence of locations, wherein robotic tasks are to be sequentially performed by tools, the method comprising the following steps:a) receiving inputs on the sequence of locations to be reached by a tool mounted on one of the kinematic chains of the robot;
b) considering each kinematic chain separately by setting one kinematic chain in use and determining, for each kinematic chain in use, a plurality of available configurations for each location of the sequence;
c) representing the available configurations as nodes connectable by directional connectors of a graph representing a plurality of available robotic paths for reaching with one of the tools the locations of the location sequence, wherein a switching among different kinematic chains within the same robotic path is allowed;
d) determining a plurality of valid directional connectors connecting subsequent available configurations by simulating collision free trajectories of the robot between consecutive configurations while taking into account a set of working modality constraints of the location sequence;
e) assigning to each valid directional connector a weight factor representing an effort required by the robot in moving between the two subsequent configurations represented by the two consecutive nodes connected by the directional connector;
f) determining, out of a plurality of valid robotic paths along valid directional connectors, a shortest robotic path by taking into account the weight factors of the directional connectors; and
g) determining the sequence of kinematic chains of the shortest robotic path determined in step f).

US Pat. No. 10,556,342

TEACHING DEVICE, TEACHING METHOD, AND ROBOT SYSTEM

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A teaching device which constructs, in a virtual space, a virtual robot system in which a virtual 3-dimensional (3D) model of a robot and a peripheral structure of the robot are arranged, and teaches a moving path of the robot, the teaching device comprising:one or more processors;
a non-transitory memory having stored thereon instructions that when executed by the one or more processors, cause the teaching device to:
acquire information about a geometric error between the virtual 3D model and a geometry of a structure on a real robot system; and
correct the moving path of the robot in accordance with the information about the geometric error in a case where the moving path of the robot based on teaching data indicating the moving path of the robot can be shortened or in a case where interference with the peripheral structure occurs due to movement of the robot based on the teaching data.

US Pat. No. 10,556,341

TRAJECTORY DETERMINATION METHOD FOR NON-PRODUCTIVE MOVEMENTS

12. A machine tool comprising at least one tool and a control unit configured to cause the tool, based on received program instructions, to execute an optimized trajectory for a non-productive movement of the tool from a starting position to a target position in a spatially delimited travel envelope which is modeled by geometric conditions while avoiding collisions, wherein the optimized trajectory is determined by:a) establishing, with a pathfinding algorithm that does not take into account design features of the machine tool, a first trajectory of the tool, wherein the first trajectory is optimized for at least one selectable target parameter in the non-productive movement;
b) establishing a second trajectory by applying to the first trajectory a filter that takes into account dynamic characteristics of the machine tool, wherein the filter is stored in the control unit of the machine tool and comprises a model of the dynamic characteristics of the machine tool;
c) identifying a collision when a geometric condition which models the travel envelope is violated at a point of the second trajectory, wherein, when the method is first executed, the geometric condition corresponds to surfaces of at least one obstacle delimiting the travel envelope, while taking into account safety margins;
d) determining a correction condition that applies to the geometric condition and modifying the correction condition by at least one of enlarging an interfering contour, changing a drill hole exit height, reducing a size of an approach channel and enlarging an inherent contour of the tool; and
e) repeating steps a) to d) until the geometric condition in step c) is met for all points of the second trajectory.

US Pat. No. 10,556,338

COMPLIANT FINGER TIP FOR ITEM MANIPULATION

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. An apparatus, comprising:a robotic manipulator;
a first end effector connected to the robotic manipulator and configured to grasp an item using a first grasping function; and
a second end effector connected to the robotic manipulator and configured to grasp the item using a second grasping function, the second end effector comprising:
a first elongate finger comprising a first finger attachment connected to the first elongate finger via one or more biased members, with a first protruding tip connected to the first finger attachment at a distal end of the first finger attachment, wherein at least one of the first finger attachment or the first protruding tip deviates from an equilibrium position when an external force is applied at a distal end of the first protruding tip; and
a second elongate finger being opposite the first elongate finger and comprising a second protruding tip disposed at a distal end of the second elongate finger, the first protruding tip and the second protruding tip protruding towards each other, the first elongate finger and the second elongate finger being slidably mounted relative to each other such that the first elongate finger and the second elongate finger are moveable towards each other and away from each other,
wherein when the first elongate finger and the second elongate finger are moved towards each other:
the first elongate finger and the second elongate finger contact opposite surfaces of the item; and
the first protruding tip and the second protruding tip extend underneath bottom edges of the item.

US Pat. No. 10,556,337

METHOD OF AND APPARATUS FOR MANAGING BEHAVIOR OF ROBOT

HANWHA PRECISION MACHINER...

1. A method of controlling a robot, the method comprising:generating a plurality of behavior objects corresponding to a plurality of behaviors to be performed by the robot, respectively;
adding the behavior objects to a behavior flow list;
displaying the behavior flow list on a display device; and
based on a progress degree of the robot performing the plurality of behaviors on the behavior flow list, updating the displaying of the behavior flow list on the display device.

US Pat. No. 10,556,336

DETERMINING ROBOT INERTIAL PROPERTIES

X Development LLC, Mount...

1. A method comprising:obtaining, by a robot management system operating a real-world robot, a plurality of joint physical parameter measurements for the joints of the real-world robot; and
adjusting, by the robot management system and using the plurality of joint physical parameter measurements, an estimate of one or more inertial properties of the real-world robot used by a virtual robot dynamic model to simulate interactions of the real-world robot with an environment, comprising:
determining, by the robot management system and using the virtual robot dynamic model and in accordance with a current estimate of the one or more inertial properties, a respective plurality of simulated joint physical parameter values corresponding to each of the plurality of joint physical parameter measurements;
adjusting, by the robot management system, the current estimate of the one or more inertial properties utilized by the virtual robot dynamic model to minimize a summation of differences between each simulated joint physical parameter value of the plurality of simulated joint physical parameter values and the corresponding joint physical parameter measurement of the plurality of joint physical parameter measurements in a nonlinear least squares equation.

US Pat. No. 10,556,335

WEARABLE ROBOT AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

11. A method for controlling a wearable robot, the wearable robot including an assistance device having an exoskeleton structure configured to be worn on legs of a user, the method comprising:receiving first electromyogram (EMG) signals and second EMG signals from a pair of first EMG sensors and a pair of second EMG sensors, respectively, the pair of first EMG sensors configured to attach at a first location of respective legs of the user, the pair of second EMG sensors configured to attach at a second location of the respective legs;
receiving, from an acceleration sensor, acceleration information indicating a walking acceleration of the user;
detecting a start of a walking cycle in response to a rapid increase in the walking acceleration of the user;
detecting, a first point when, after the rapid increase in the walking acceleration of the user, one of the first EMG signals associated with a first one of the legs is in an offset state and one of the second EMG signals associated with the first one of the legs is in an onset state, the onset state being a state when a muscle on the legs of the user is activated and the offset state being a state when the muscle on the legs of the user is deactivated;
setting the first point as a walking assist starting point, the walking assist starting point being a point in the walking cycle in which the assistance device begins assisting the user with walking using the first one of the legs; and
applying torque to a driver for a walking assistance duration of the first one of the legs by,
instructing the driver to apply torque associated with the assistance device beginning at the walking assistance starting point,
detecting a second point when one of the first EMG signals associated with a second one of the legs is in the onset state, the onset state being a state when the muscle on the second one of the legs of the user is activated, and
instructing the driver to assist muscular power of the user for the walking assist duration from the walking assist starting point until the second one of the legs of the user contact a ground.

US Pat. No. 10,556,334

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF ASYNCHRONOUS ROBOTIC RETRIEVAL AND DELIVERY OF ITEMS BETWEEN TWO SITES

VECNA ROBOTICS, INC., Wa...

17. A system comprising:a processor; and
a computer-readable storage device storing instructions which, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to perform operations comprising:
receiving, at a first depot at a first site and via a first depot user interface, a specification by a user of a destination location at a second site and an item to yield first item delivery data;
selecting, based on first item delivery data and by a centralized control system, a first drawer from a first rack module in the first depot that houses first drawers;
receiving the item from the user via the first depot user interface;
transferring the item to the first drawer within the first rack module that houses drawers;
communicating, to a first mobile robot, a message to pick up the item; and
transferring the item from the first drawer to the first mobile robot using a first depot drawer-swapping module and a first mobile robot drawer-swapping module;
transferring the item from the first mobile robot at the first site, through a transportation system, to the second site;
receiving, at a second depot at the second site and via a second depot user interface, a specification of the destination location at the second site and an item to yield second item delivery data;
selecting, based on second item delivery data and by the system, a second drawer from a second rack module in the second depot that houses second drawers;
receiving the item via the second depot user interface;
transferring the item to the second drawer within the second rack module that houses drawers;
communicating, to a second mobile robot, a message to pick up the item; and
transferring the item from the second drawer to the second mobile robot using a second depot drawer-swapping module and a second mobile robot drawer-swapping module, wherein the second mobile robot is configured to deliver the item to the destination location.

US Pat. No. 10,556,332

DRIVING DEVICE

HILTI AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT,...

1. A driving tool, comprisinga handheld housing, having a piston member accommodated therein for transmitting energy to a fastening element to be driven in, the piston member having a starting position; a propellant charge;
a combustion chamber arranged between the propellant charge and the piston member, extending about a central axis (A);
a first control element, for variably adjusting energy transmitted from the propellant charge to the piston member, the first control element comprising a movable slide, wherein moving the slide exposes a blow-out channel connected to the combustion chamber;
and, a second control element for variably adjusting the starting position of the piston member, wherein the first and second control elements are linked to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,556,329

TOOL BITS WITH FLOATING MAGNET SLEEVES

1. A tool bit for driving a fastener comprising:a shaft with a front end and a rear end;
a working region disposed at the front end and configured to drive a fastener;
a shank portion disposed at the rear end and configured to couple the shaft to a power tool, the shank portion having a polygonal cross section with a shank diameter and defining an annular groove;
a first reduced diameter zone disposed in the shaft between the working region and the shank portion, the first reduced diameter zone having a first length and a first diameter less than the shank diameter;
a second reduced diameter zone disposed in the shaft between the working region and the shank portion, the second reduced diameter zone having a second length and a second diameter less than the shank diameter; and
an intermediate zone disposed in the shaft between the first reduced diameter zone and the second reduced diameter zone and having an intermediate diameter, with the first reduced diameter zone disposed closer to the working region and the second reduced diameter zone disposed closer to the shank portion,
wherein the intermediate diameter is larger than the first diameter and is larger than the second diameter, and
wherein at least one of the first reduced diameter zone and the second reduced diameter zone is configured to reduce stresses and breakage in the shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,556,328

INLINE SCREWDRIVER WITH HANDS-FREE ACTIVATED DUAL-DRIVE SELF-RATCHETING MECHANISM

1. A dual-drive mechanism system, configured to be set to a clockwise rotational output mode and to convert oscillatory axial motion applied to its input, into solely clockwise rotation motion at its output; further configured to be set to a counterclockwise rotational output mode and to convert oscillatory axial motion applied to its input, into solely counter-clockwise rotation motion at its output, comprising:an in-line input-handle configuration, featuring a means configured to immobilize the axial rotation of collar without the use of either of user's hands, while user applies clockwise and counter-clockwise axial rotation to the input handle at the posterior end, thereby enabling user to activate the 2×-drive feature and an invertible gear-train;
wherein one output is configured to multiply rotational speed, while the opposite output reduces speed, single-handedly;
wherein a work piece is configured to be received by a user hand and comprises: a drive shaft; a pair of driving elements mounted on said driveshaft, with each said driving element coupled to a clutching device, that engages the driveshaft and oriented the same on the driveshaft, so that the driveshaft is always entrained in only one direction of axial rotation;
wherein when one of the driving elements is rotated in that direction, while the driveshaft is overrun by the other driving element rotated in the opposite direction;
a reversing element, configured to simultaneously attach with each of said pair of driving elements together and causes them to always rotate in opposite directions, so that one driving element entrains the driveshaft and the other driving element overrides the driveshaft, thus causing the driveshaft to always rotate axially, in only one direction, regardless of the direction of rotation of the driving elements;
an inline rotation handle element positioned along the axis of said shaft, coaxially disposed at the posterior end;
a collar to enclose and support said reversing element and said invertible gear-train system, with said collar being selectively allowed to rotate axially as required, for conventional ratcheting mode or, become mechanically immobile into axially non-rotation mode, for activation of the alternating engagement with and disengagement from said drive shaft of the two driving elements, without the use of either of user's hands;
an anti-axial-rotation means for the collar and the reversing element, coupled to the collar, configured to prevent the collar from rotating axially, whether the system is held in horizontal or vertical position, in order to activate said dual-drive mechanism, while a user's opposite hand applies clockwise and counterclockwise axial rotations alternatingly, to said inline rotation means or input handle, with said anti-axial-rotation means able to be disengaged from the collar as required, to allow the collar to rotate axially, thereby enabling a conventional ratcheting mode and engaged with the collar, to immobilize the axial rotation of the collar and activate the double-drive mechanism, involving alternating engagement with and disengagement from said two driving elements, with said drive shaft, without the use of either of a user's hands;
an invertible speed-increaser gear-train for efficiency and speed reducer for high-torque requirements and easily accessed from an exterior of the system;
a switching means for changing the direction of axial rotation of driveshaft, from clockwise to counterclockwise and counterclockwise to clockwise;
a locking means to retain driveshaft into clockwise rotational mode and counterclockwise rotational mode;
a posterior housing for enclosing a posterior driving element; and
an anterior housing for enclosing a anterior driving element and said switching means.

US Pat. No. 10,556,326

SPEED CLAMP FOR T-SLOTTED STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS

Voytas Inc, Syracuse, NY...

1. A clamp configured for operation while attached to an elongated structural member having a uniform cross sectional shape along its longitudinal axis, the structural member including a longitudinal slot that is open to an upper surface of the structural member, said slot being widened below the upper surface of the structural member so that the slot is covered by a slot overhang on each side thereof, the clamp comprising:a clamp stop attached to the structural member, the clamp stop including a stop surface at its proximal end that is substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the structural member; and
a clamp block assembly comprising:
a clamp housing penetrated by a first vertical hole intersected by a horizontal passage;
a fixing pin inserted in the first vertical hole, the fixing pin including a vertically extended hole that is held in alignment with the horizontal passage of the clamp housing;
a slot key that is horizontally insertable into the slot of the structural member, a lower portion of the slot key being sufficiently wide to prevent vertical removal of the slot key from the slot while an upper portion of the slot key extends vertically through the slot and is attached to a distal end of the fixing pin, the clamp housing being thereby slidably attached to the structural member;
a lifting mechanism configured to apply a lifting force to the fixing pin, thereby forcing the slot key vertically upward against the slot overhang and fixing the clamp housing in position along the structural member; and
a clamping shaft extending through the horizontal passage and engaged therewith, whereby the clamping shaft can be disengaged or otherwise manipulated for advancement and retraction through the horizontal passage; and
a block surface fixed to a distal end of the clamping shaft and substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the structural member, so that the block surface can be placed in an opposed, parallel relationship to the stop surface when the clamping shaft is parallel to the longitudinal axis of the structural member and the block surface is directed toward the clamp stop.

US Pat. No. 10,556,325

RATCHETING CLAMP

Gary A. Cheney, Coon Rap...

1. An improved ratcheting clamp comprising:an elongated ratchet bar including:
a proximal end section including:
a plurality of spaced teeth thereon forming a ratchet rack;
a distal end section; and
a center section;
a gripping cam including;
a plate member;
a gripping panel;
wherein said gripping panel is connected to said plate member in a substantially perpendicular orientation;
a cam member;
wherein said cam member is pivotally connected to said plate member and spaced from said gripping panel, such that when in use a piece of material can be removably gripped by said gripping cam; and
a spring member;
wherein said spring member is connected between said plate member and said cam member and is adapted to bias said cam member toward said gripping panel;
wherein said gripping cam is attached to said distal end section of said elongated ratchet bar;
a ratcheting member including:
a main body including:
a ratchet channel;
wherein said ratchet channel is adapted to slidably receive said proximal end section of said elongated ratchet bar; and
a ratchet handle including:
a ratchet pawl member;
wherein said ratchet pawl member is adapted to releasably engage respective said plurality of spaced teeth of said ratchet rack of said elongated ratchet bar;
wherein said ratchet handle is pivotally connected to said main body;
wherein during successive pivoting motions of said ratchet handle said ratchet pawl engages successive teeth of said ratchet rack of said elongated ratchet bar to thereby successively pull said elongated ratchet bar through said ratchet channel, to thereby pull said gripping cam toward said ratcheting member; and
a compression plate;
wherein said compression plate is connected to said ratcheting member in a substantially perpendicular orientation thereto, such that when in use a piece of material can be placed against said compression plate in a substantially perpendicular orientation to said piece of material held by said gripping cam;
wherein when in use said piece of material held by said gripping cam can be releasably held in place against said piece of material being held against said compression plate.

US Pat. No. 10,556,322

ABRASIVE FLAP DISC INCLUDING WEARABLE BACKING PLATE

SAINT-GOBAIN ABRASIVES, I...

1. An abrasive flap disc comprising:a wearable backing plate; and
a plurality of abrasive flaps concentrically disposed about a periphery of the wearable backing plate, wherein the wearable backing plate comprises:
a first wearable polymeric layer;
a first reinforcing layer; and
a second reinforcing layer, wherein the first wearable polymeric layer is disposed between the first reinforcing layer and the second reinforcing layer;
wherein the abrasive flap disc comprises a minimum burst speed of at least 15,000 rpm to not greater than 30,000 rpm, a flexural stiffness of at least 760 MPa, and a flexural strength of at least 200 N.

US Pat. No. 10,556,321

SURFACE MODIFIED ABRASIVE PARTICLES, ABRASIVE ARTICLES AND METHODS OF FORMING THEREOF

1. A surface modified abrasive particle comprising:a core abrasive particle having a median particle size of at least about 0.06 microns; and
a coating material functionally connected to a surface of the core abrasive particle,wherein the coating material comprises a compound selected from the group consisting of dopamine, tyrosine, dihydroxyphenylalanine, norepinephrine, epinephrine, normetanephrine, 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, tannic acid, pyrogallic acid or combinations thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,556,319

GRINDER AND COVER

MAKITA CORPORATION, Anjo...

1. A cover configured to at least partially cover a tool accessory mounted on a spindle of a grinder, the spindle protruding downward from a housing, the cover comprising:a first cover part that is provided in a circumferential direction of the spindle, is fixed to the housing, and is configured to at least partially cover the tool accessory from above;
and a second cover part that is held by the first cover part such that the second cover part is movable relative to the first cover part;
wherein:
an area of the tool accessory covered by the cover changes in accordance with movement of the second cover part relative to the first cover part;
the second cover part is pivotable with respect to the first cover part around a specific axis that is nonparallel to an axial direction of the spindle;
the specific axis lies along a plane that is perpendicular to the axial direction of the spindle,
the first cover part includes an upper-part structure that extends across a first portion of an area directly above the tool accessory; and a lower-part structure that extends across a second portion of an area directly below the tool accessory; and
the upper-part structure includes:
a first part that overlaps the lower-part structure; and
a second part that does not overlap the lower-part structure;
the second cover part is pivotable between a first position and a second position with respect to the first cover part, wherein, at the first position, a portion of the area directly below the tool accessory not covered by the first cover part is at least partially covered by the second cover part, and, at the second position, a portion of the area directly above the tool accessory not covered by the first cover part is at least partially covered by the second cover part; and
the second cover part, at the first position, extends directly below the tool accessory and directly below the second part of the upper-part structure, and covers substantially an entirety of the second part from below when the spindle is located below the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,556,318

AUTOMATIC GRINDING APPARATUS

OKAMOTO MACHINE TOOL WORK...

1. An automatic grinding apparatus, comprising:a grinding wheel configured to grind a workpiece having a surface to be ground;
a support configured to support the workpiece;
a feeding device configured to change a relative position between the grinding wheel and the workpiece by moving the grinding wheel or the support;
a first detector configured to detect a position of the surface of the workpiece in a cutting direction of the grinding wheel, the cutting direction being perpendicular to a rotational axis of the grinding wheel;
a second detector configured to detect a position of the surface of the workpiece in a first feeding direction and a second feeding direction, the first feeding direction being parallel to the rotational axis, the second feeding direction being perpendicular to the cutting direction and the first feeding direction;
a third detector configured to detect a position of a lower end portion of an outer circumference of the grinding wheel; and
a control device configured to, before processing using the grinding wheel is started, calculate a range in which the grinding wheel and the support are relatively moved on the basis of information on the positions of the workpiece and the lower end portion of the outer circumference of the grinding wheel detected by the first detector, the second detector, and the third detector, move the grinding wheel or the support by performing numerical control with respect to the feeding device, and automatically start the processing using the grinding wheel.

US Pat. No. 10,556,317

POLISHING MACHINE WAFER HOLDER

P.R. HOFFMAN MACHINE PROD...

1. A wafer holder for use in a polishing machine, the wafer holder having a frame composed of a thermoset material or a thermoplastic material, the frame having at least one cavity capable of receiving and supporting a wafer grown from an ingot to be polished in the polishing machine, a polymer film pad being permanently affixed in the at least one cavity;wherein the at least one cavity having a cross sectional footprint at least equal to a cross sectional footprint of the wafer;
wherein the wafer having a thickness to cross sectional area ratio of 0.001 per unit length or less;
wherein the frame comprises a first frame portion having a thickness of a first thickness tolerance and a second frame portion having a thickness of a second thickness tolerance, the first frame portion and the second frame portion being aligningly arranged and secured and having at least one through opening formed therein, the first frame portion and the second frame portion being sorted such that the measured thickness of the first frame portion is in a first extent of the first thickness tolerance and the measured thickness of the second frame portion is in a second extent of the second thickness tolerance, the first extent being opposite the second extent to thereby reduce the resulting tolerance of the sum of the thickness of the first and second frame portions.

US Pat. No. 10,556,315

DETERMINATION OF GAIN FOR EDDY CURRENT SENSOR

Applied Materials, Inc., ...

1. A method of controlling polishing, comprising:polishing a substrate at a first polishing station;
during polishing of the substrate at the first polishing station, monitoring the substrate with a first eddy current monitoring system to generate a first signal;
determining an ending value of the first signal for an end of polishing of the substrate at the first polishing station;
determining a first temperature at the first polishing station;
after polishing the substrate at the first polishing station, polishing the substrate at a second polishing station;
during polishing of the substrate at the second polishing station, monitoring the substrate with a second eddy current monitoring system to generate a second signal;
determining a starting value of the second signal for a start of polishing of the substrate at the second polishing station;
determining a gain for the second polishing station based on the ending value, the starting value and the first temperature;
for at least a portion of the second signal collected during polishing of at least one substrate at the second polishing station, calculating a third signal based on the second signal and the gain; and
determining at least one of a polishing endpoint or an adjustment to a polishing parameter for the at least one substrate based on the third signal.

US Pat. No. 10,556,314

HEAD HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT DEVICE AND SUBSTRATE PROCESSING APPARATUS PROVIDED WITH HEAD HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT DEVICE

EBARA CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. A substrate processing apparatus comprising:a table provided with a substrate holding surface for holding a substrate;
a pad for processing the substrate held on the table;
a head for holding the pad;
an actuator for moving the head in a direction perpendicular to the substrate holding surface of the table; and
a mechanical stopper device for stopping a movement of the head in the direction perpendicular to the substrate holding surface,
wherein the mechanical stopper device comprises:
a first member that is configured to move in a first direction which is a direction parallel to the substrate holding surface and has a first inclined surface that forms a predetermined angle with respect to the first direction; and
a second member that has a second inclined surface that slidably contacts the first inclined surface of the first member, and
the second member is provided with a stopping surface for defining a stop position of the head when the actuator or a lifting member comes into contact the stopping surface, the lifting member configured to lift or lower the actuator and being connected to the actuator, and
the stopping surface of the second member is displaceable in a second direction perpendicular to the substrate holding surface when the first member moves in the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,556,313

GRINDING OR SANDING MACHINE

1. Grinding or sanding machine for grinding or sanding a surface of a workpiece, comprising:at least one transportation device for transporting the workpiece in a transportation direction;
at least one revolving grinding or sanding belt;
at least one pressure beam for exerting a pressure in a direction towards the transportation device on the grinding or sanding belt;
a plate mounted so as to be movable in a plane that is perpendicular to the direction in which the at least one pressure beam exerts pressure, wherein the plate is disposed between the grinding or sanding belt and the at least one pressure beam, and wherein the plate is moveable in moving directions which are different from the transportation direction of the at least one transportation device, and
at least one drive device which is configured for moving the plate randomly in the moving directions in terms of either or both direction and speed.

US Pat. No. 10,556,312

INDEXER FOR OPERATING WORKPIECES

MIDACO CORPORATION, Elk ...

8. A method for changing workpieces delivered to a machining center, the method including the steps of:fixing a first pallet of pallets with respect to a baseplate, the baseplate having a longitudinal axis;
movably mounting an indexer in a first direction toward the first pallet, wherein the first direction is parallel to the longitudinal axis of the baseplate;
engaging a first driver attached to the indexer with a second driver attached with respect to the first pallet;
engaging a pair of locking elements to lock the first driver to the second driver, wherein one of the first driver and the second driver include a pair of lock elements and an other of the first driver and the second driver includes a corresponding pair of bores configured to receive the pair of lock elements, wherein the pair of lock elements are offset from 180° apart;
operating the indexer and working a first workpiece of the workpieces;
disengaging the first driver from the second driver in a second direction away from the first pallet, wherein moving the indexer releases the pair of lock elements engaging the first driver and the second driver, wherein the second direction is opposite the first direction and parallel to the longitudinal axis of the baseplate; and
exchanging the first pallet and the first workpiece with a second pallet of the pallets and a second workpiece.

US Pat. No. 10,556,311

LOCK DEVICE FOR POWER TOOL ADJUSTMENT

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A base assembly for a power tool, comprising:a base member configured to accept a motor housing of the power tool;
an adjustment mechanism attached to the base member and configured to adjust a position of the motor housing relative to the base member; and
a lock member attached to the base member, the lock member moveable relative to the adjustment mechanism between a first position that prevents rotation of the adjustment mechanism and a second position that permits rotation of the adjustment mechanism,
wherein the adjustment mechanism includes a first contact portion and a shaft portion extending axially from the first contact portion, the first contact portion configured to be actuated to rotate the adjustment mechanism,
wherein the lock member includes a second contact portion positioned proximate to the first contact portion and configured to be actuated to position the lock member in the second position, the position of the motor housing adjusted by simultaneous actuation of the first contact portion and the second contact portion by a user, and
wherein the lock member has a locking portion that prevents rotation of the adjustment mechanism by contact between the locking portion and a portion of the first contact portion when the lock member is in the first position.

US Pat. No. 10,556,310

METHOD FOR CUTTING MACHINING OF TURBINE BLADES

GF Machining Solutions AG...

1. A method for cutting machining of turbine blades on a multi-axis machine tool, comprising wherein the turbine blade is held by a rotatable blade-root clamping device and a rotatable blade-tip clamping device and is machined by means of a tool which is chucked in a tool spindle, wherein a first profile section which is adjacent to the blade tip first machined by the tool, in that the tool is then removed and the tool spindle grabs an additional clamping device which has clamping jaws adapted to the first profile section, in that the additional clamping device is positioned on the blade-tip clamping device in such a way that the clamping jaws rest in the first profile section, in that the tool spindle grabs a tool and machines the remaining profile section with the tool.

US Pat. No. 10,556,309

METHODS OF SUBTRACTIVELY MANUFACTURING A PLURALITY OF DISCRETE OBJECTS FROM A SINGLE WORKPIECE USING A REMOVABLE FIXATING MATERIAL

PROTO LABS INC., Maple P...

1. A method of manufacturing a plurality of discrete objects, wherein each discrete object represents at least a partially completed form of at least a part of a finished product, from a body of material having a first side and a second side spaced from the first side, wherein the discrete objects are defined by through-spaces in the body of material extending from the first side to the second side after performing the method, the method comprising:forming, by subtractive manufacturing, valleys in the body of material on the first side of the body of material so as to leave interconnecting portions of the body of material that interconnect the plurality of objects to one another, wherein the valleys form portions of the through spaces, wherein the forming of the valleys and interconnecting portions transforms the body of material into a workpiece of interconnected structures comprising precursors to the discrete objects;
locating a temporary frame laterally surrounding an object region of the body from which all of the discrete objects will be manufactured;
installing a removable fixating material into the valleys so as to laterally surround the discrete objects and be in contact with the temporary frame so as to form a stabilized workpiece;
after the fixating material has hardened, removing, using subtractive manufacturing, the interconnecting portions of the stabilized workpiece; and
after removing the interconnecting portions, removing the removable fixating material so as to liberate the plurality of objects from one another.

US Pat. No. 10,556,308

WORK MACHINE PROVIDED WITH PARALLEL LINK MECHANISM

NTN CORPORATION, Osaka (...

1. A work apparatus for performing work on a work object with a working body in a contact manner or in a non-contact manner, the work apparatus comprising:a parallel link mechanism supporting the work object in a position-changeable fashion;
a position control actuator configured to operate the parallel link mechanism;
a linear motion mechanism configured to move the working body in one axial direction relative to the parallel link mechanism; and
a rotating mechanism configured to rotate the work object, wherein
the parallel link mechanism includes three or more link mechanisms coupling a distal end side link hub to a proximal end side link hub such that a position of the distal end side link hub can be changed relative to the proximal end side link hub,
each of the link mechanisms includes
a proximal side end link member pivotably coupled at one end thereof to the proximal end side link hub via a first revolute pair,
a distal side end link member pivotably coupled at one end thereof to the distal end side link hub via a second revolute pair, and
an intermediate link member with its opposite ends pivotably coupled to the other end of the proximal side end link member via a third revolute pair and to the other end of the distal side end link member via a fourth revolute pair, respectively,
each of the link mechanisms is disposed such that a central axis of the first revolute pair and a central axis of the third revolute pair intersect each other at a proximal end side spherical link center, and a central axis of the second revolute pair and a central axis of the fourth revolute pair intersect each other at a distal end side spherical link center,
the position control actuator is provided in each of two or more link mechanisms of the three or more link mechanisms such that the position of the distal end side link hub relative to the proximal end side link hub is arbitrarily changed,
the linear motion mechanism is configured to move the working body in an axial direction orthogonal to a proximal end side link hub central axis that is defined as a straight line that passes through the proximal end side spherical link center and intersects the central axis of the first revolute pair at a right angle, and
the rotating mechanism is mounted on the distal end side link hub and is configured to rotate the work object about a rotation center axis which is parallel to a movement direction of the linear motion mechanism in a state where the proximal end side link hub central axis and a distal end side link hub central axis that is defined as a straight line that passes through the distal end side spherical link center and intersects the central axis of the second revolute pair at a right angle are on the same line.

US Pat. No. 10,556,307

MACHINE TOOL

MAKINO MILLING MACHINE CO...

1. A machine tool for machining a workpiece by performing relative rotation of a tool and the workpiece, comprising:a trough provided in a bed, elongating in a longitudinal direction thereof, and configured to collect swarf;
a moving body which is located above the trough, moves on the bed in the longitudinal direction of the trough, comprises a first beam member, a second beam member, and a connecting member connecting the first and second beam members, and has a through-hole penetrating the moving body from a top surface thereof to a bottom surface thereof;
a first guide which is arranged on the bed in parallel to the longitudinal direction of the trough to guide the moving body in the longitudinal direction of the trough;
a second guide which is arranged on the bed in parallel to the longitudinal direction of the trough and opposed to the first guide with respect to the trough, to guide the moving body in the longitudinal direction of the trough; and
a cradle including a workpiece table, the cradle being supported at both ends thereof by pivot shafts that are provided on the first beam member and the second beam member so as to be rotatable inside the through-hole of the moving body about an axis which is parallel to the longitudinal direction of the trough,
wherein the connecting member comprises a first connecting portion and second connecting portion, and
the first beam member, the second beam member, and the first and second connecting portions of the movable body are formed into a rectangular shape surrounding the through-hole.

US Pat. No. 10,556,306

ROBOT SYSTEM

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A robot system comprising:a plurality of robots that are arranged at intervals and that each perform machining on a work; and
one tool storage that stores a plurality of types of specific tools for each type of work used for fixing the work according to the types of the work when each of the robots performs machining on the work, the one tool storage being disposed closest to one of the robots among the plurality of robots,
wherein the respective robots are provided with hands with which the tool stored in the tool storage can be handled; and
when one of the robots needs to exchange the tool, all of the other robots that are disposed between the robot that needs to exchange the tool and the tool storage pass the tool between the adjacent robots with the hands and convey the tool to the robot that needs to exchange the tool.

US Pat. No. 10,556,305

ALIGNING PARTS USING MULTI-PART SCANNING AND FEATURE BASED COORDINATE SYSTEMS

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method of locally aligning a portion of a first part relative to a portion of a second part, the method comprising:selecting a first feature of the first part within the portion of the first part and selecting a second feature of the second part within a portion of the second part, wherein the first feature and the second feature are selected based on simultaneous detectability of the first feature and the second feature with a scanner;
constructing a feature-based local coordinate system based on selection of the first feature and the second feature, wherein the feature-based local coordinate system is different from a global coordinate system, and wherein first feature is a datum in the feature-based local coordinate system;
determining one or more specified dimensions between the first feature and the second feature in the feature-based local coordinate system based on a design model;
positioning the first part relative to the second part such that the first feature of the first part and the second feature of the second part are within a field of view of the scanner;
simultaneously scanning the first feature and the second feature using the scanner and, from scanning, determining one or more identified dimensions corresponding to the one or more specified dimensions;
comparing the one or more specified dimensions to the one or more identified dimensions; and
using a robotic manipulator, controlled in accordance with the feature-based local coordinate system, adjusting a position of the first part relative to the second part until a difference between any one of the one or more specified dimensions and a corresponding one of the one or more identified dimensions is within a corresponding range.

US Pat. No. 10,556,304

POLYMERIC COVER FOR ROBOTS

Butterworth Industries, I...

1. A method of forming a cover for a section of a robot in a painting or coating booth; the section of the robot having a first end and a second end; the method comprising:providing a cover portion formed from a flexible polymer, the cover portion having an outer surface, the outer surface having a surface area and a surface energy;
increasing the surface energy and the surface area of the outer surface, whereby the increased surface energy and the increased surface area of the outer surface facilitate retention of fluid on the outer surface, wherein the increasing of the surface energy of the outer surface comprises corona treating the outer surface;
forming the cover portion into the cover; and covering the section of the robot with the cover;
wherein the first end of the section of the robot is attached to another section of the robot at a first articulable axis.

US Pat. No. 10,556,303

HEAT EXCHANGER, AIR CONDITIONER AND EXTERNAL UNIT

KYOSHIN KOGYO CO., LTD., ...

1. A heat exchanger, comprising:a plurality of heat radiating fins;
end plates sandwiching the plurality of heat radiating fins; and
a tube inserted to each of the end plates, wherein
the heat exchanger is manufactured by:
causing a gripping body base having a gripping body to move toward the heat exchanger, the gripping body having a plurality of tube contacting members, the tube contacting members capable of covering the tube and capable of expanding and shrinking radially in a direction crossing a longitudinal direction of the tube from a tube opening portion side of the tube protruded from the end plates;
stopping the movement of the gripping body base toward the heat exchanger by causing the gripping body base to come into contact with a reference platform, the reference platform setting a protrusion length of the tube protruded from the end plates;
firmly fixing and holding the gripping body base and the reference platform through a locking means;
forming a tube expansion portion having a predetermined length by pressing a tube expansion mandrel into the tube opening portion of the tube protruded from the end plates, the tube expansion mandrel being located in the gripping body;
gripping the tube expansion portion by the plurality of tube contacting members by causing a sliding base to move toward the heat exchanger, the sliding base having a gripping body sliding means fitted onto and sliding on the gripping body, the sliding base being provided between the end plates and the gripping body base;
causing the tube expansion mandrel to move forward to further expand the tube;
releasing the tube expansion portion from a gripping of the tube contacting members by causing the sliding base to retreat from the heat exchanger;
conducting a predetermined flaring process by pressing a flare punch into the tube expansion portion at the tube opening portion side by pulling a flare base toward the gripping body base, which is firmly fixed and held to the reference platform through the locking means, via a connecting and tensile force generating means that connects the flare base and the gripping body base and generates a tensile force in a direction of pulling the flare base and the gripping body base toward each other, the flare base being located more apart from the heat exchanger than the gripping body base, the flare base having a flare pipe, the flare pipe having a predetermined length so that the flare pipe is fitted on the tube expansion mandrel within the gripping body base, the flare pipe having the flare punch at a tip; and
retracting each of the flare base, the gripping body base and the sliding base from the heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 10,556,302

MANUFACTURING DEVICE FOR HEAT EXCHANGER

KYOSHIN KOGYO CO., LTD., ...

1. A manufacturing device for a heat exchanger, comprising:a tube expansion mandrel which can expand a tube protruded from a tube opening portion side of an end plate of the heat exchanger
a plurality of tube contacting members which are capable of covering the tube and capable of expanding and shrinking radially in a direction crossing a longitudinal direction of the tube from the tube opening portion side of the tube protruded from the end plate;
a gripping body having the plurality of tube contacting members;
a gripping body base having the gripping body;
a first reciprocating means for causing the gripping body base to move toward the heat exchanger;
a reference platform for stopping movement of the gripping body base toward the heat exchanger by causing the gripping body base to come into contact with the reference platform through the first reciprocating means;
a second reciprocating means for reciprocating the reference platform in order to set a protrusion length of the tube protruded from the end plate;
a lock means firmly fixing and holding the reference platform and the gripping body base;
a sliding base which is provided with a third reciprocating means between the end plate and the gripping body base;
a gripping body sliding means which can fit onto and slide on the gripping body having the plurality of tube contacting members, wherein each of the plurality of tube connecting members is reduced in diameter by causing the gripping body sliding means to move toward the heat exchanger through the third reciprocating means to hold a tube expansion portion formed through the tube expansion mandrel by the plurality of tube contacting members, and the gripping body sliding means is caused to be retreated from the heat exchanger through the third reciprocating means to release the tube expansion portion from a gripping of each of the plurality of tube contacting members;
a flare pipe which fits onto the tube expansion mandrel within the gripping body base, the flare pipe having a flare punch for flared processing at a tip of the flare pipe;
a flare base having the flare pipe, the flare base being located more apart from the heat exchanger than the gripping body base; and
a connecting and tensile force generating means which connects the flare base and the gripping body base and generates a tensile force in a direction of pulling the flare base and the gripping body base with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,556,301

TUBE CLAMP ASSEMBLY

1. A tube clamp assembly for aligning and clamping a pair of tube ends comprising:an elongate bar having a channel shaped to substantially conform to receive outer surfaces of adjacent tube ends when the channel is aligned parallel to a longitudinal axis of the adjacent tube ends, the elongate bar further including a bore oriented perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the adjacent tube ends;
a clamping member having an elongate body oriented parallel to the longitudinal axis of the adjacent tube ends, the clamping member having a bore formed therethrough, the bore substantially aligned with the bore of the elongate bar;
at least one cable attached to the clamping member at first and second ends of the cable and extending around a distal outer wall of the adjacent tube ends, wherein a middle portion of the cable is looped around one or more posts extending from the elongate body of the clamping member;
an elongate threaded bolt extending from a first end through the bore of the clamping member and into the bore of the bar member.

US Pat. No. 10,556,297

WELDED SECTION EXAMINING DEVICE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A welded section examining device that examines whether welding is good or bad of a welded section that joins a tip portion projecting from a slot of a plurality of slots provided at intervals in a circumferential direction of a stator core and a tip portion projecting from another slot of the plurality of slots, of legs of a plurality of electrical conductors that have been inserted, arranged in line in a radial direction of the stator core, in each of the plurality of slots, the device comprising:an imaging unit that images the welded section;
a discriminating unit that performs discrimination of whether welding is good or bad based on an outline of the welded section recognized from an image obtained by the imaging unit;
a projecting unit that irradiates the welded section with a light, from a rear surface side of an imaging target surface facing an imaging unit side of the welded section; and
an outline emphasizing unit that is interposed between the projecting unit and the rear surface of the welded section, such that the outline of the welded section is imaged in the imaging unit in an emphasized state.

US Pat. No. 10,556,296

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SEAM DRESSING

1. An apparatus for use in removing a weld seam from within an inner surface or an outer surface of a distal end of a section of coiled tubing in preparation for a downhole operation in a production well comprising:a) a shaft member comprising a substantially cylindrical configuration having a first end, a second end, and an outer surface, wherein said first end is attachably connected to a drive motor mechanism, and said outer surface comprises a plurality of visual depth markings;
b) a bit member comprising a substantially rough outer surface, wherein said bit member is attachably connected to said second end of said shaft member; and
c) a sleeve member having a first end, a second end, and an inner surface defining an inner chamber, wherein said second end of said sleeve member attachably connects to said distal end of said coiled tubing, and said shaft member and bit member are received within said inner chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,556,295

LASER MACHINING DEVICE THAT DETECTS CONTAMINATION OF OPTICAL SYSTEM BEFORE LASER MACHINING

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A laser machining device that performs laser machining on a workpiece after detecting contamination of an optical system, the device comprising:a laser oscillator;
an external optical system configured to guide a laser beam from the laser oscillator to focus the laser beam on a surface of the workpiece;
a drive control unit configured to move a focus position and an optical axis of the laser beam emitted from the external optical system;
a cooling control unit configured to control cooling of the external optical system;
a plate having a small-diameter hole and being capable of absorbing the laser beam;
an energy amount measuring part configured to measure an energy amount of the laser beam absorbed by the plate;
a laser beam elimination part capable of removing the laser beam passing through the small-diameter hole; and
a contamination determining part configured to determine contamination of the external optical system before laser machining,
wherein the contamination determining part includes:
a cooling stop commanding section configured to command the cooling control unit to stop cooling the external optical system;
a drive commanding section configured to command the drive control unit to adjust the focus position on a surface of the plate and align the optical axis of the laser beam with a center of the small-diameter hole;
a low power commanding section configured to command the laser oscillator to emit the laser beam with a low power to the extent that the plate is not melted or deformed; and
a lens contamination determining section configured to determine contamination of a lens in the external optical system, based on a comparison between a first measurement value, the first measurement value being measured by the energy amount measuring part within a laser emission start period in which the external optical system is not heated, and a second measurement value, the second measurement value being measured by the energy amount measuring part within a set time elapsed period in which the external optical system is heated.

US Pat. No. 10,556,293

LASER MACHINING DEVICE AND LASER MACHINING METHOD

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. A laser processing method for processing an object thereby forming a plurality of modified spots within the object along a cutting line, the plurality of modified spots forming a modified region, the method comprising:changing, by a first half-wave plate, a direction of polarization of a first pulsed laser light having a first wavelength;
changing, by a second half-wave plate, a direction of polarization of a second pulsed laser light having a second wavelength different from the first wavelength;
separating the first pulsed laser light having the direction of polarization changed by the first half-wave plate and the second pulsed laser light having the direction of polarization changed by the second half-wave plate; and
focusing, by a condenser lens, the first pulsed laser light and the second pulsed laser light at the object through the condenser lens;
controlling an intensity of the first pulsed laser light and the second pulsed laser light that are polarization-separated by varying the directions of polarization of the first pulsed laser light changed by the first half-wave plate and the second pulsed laser light changed by the second half-wave plate, wherein the first pulsed laser light has an intensity that is within a predetermined intensity range at which the plurality of modified spots are not formed when only the first pulsed laser light is focused at the object without focusing the second pulsed laser light, and the second pulsed laser light has an intensity that is equal to or greater than an intensity at which the plurality of modified spots are formed when only the second pulsed laser light is focused at the object without focusing the first pulsed laser light, and
wherein a region in which the first pulsed laser light is focused and a region in which the second pulsed laser light is focused overlaps.

US Pat. No. 10,556,292

METHOD FOR BONDING ALUMINUM-BASED METALS

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., ...

1. A method for joining two aluminum-based metals, comprising:interposing, between the two aluminum-based metals so as to be in direct contact with the two aluminum-based metals, an insert material consisting of zinc, magnesium and aluminum,
wherein zinc presents a main constituent element being at least 90%,
wherein the insert material covers no less than 30% of an area to be joined of the two aluminum-based metals, and
wherein the insert material has an insert-material eutectic temperature of 330° C.;
heating the two aluminum-based metals to a temperature that causes a eutectic reaction while pressing the two aluminum-based metals toward each other, thereby generating a melt by eutectic reaction containing aluminum from the two aluminum-based metals at a joint interface,
the temperature being between the insert-material eutectic temperature and 400° C.,
the pressing being performed within a range of 5 MPa to 30 MPa;
subsequently pressurizing the two aluminum-based metals against each other to discharge aluminum oxide film along with the melt from the joint interface; and
sealing with the discharged aluminum oxide film and the melt around a joined area of the two aluminum-based metals, wherein the two aluminum-based metals are overlap joined, spot joined, or seam joined.

US Pat. No. 10,556,291

HIGH PERFORMANCE CONTACT TIP AND NOZZLE ASSEMBLY FOR AN ARC WELDING APPARATUS

Victor Equipment Company,...

11. An arc welding apparatus comprising:a handle;
a conductor tube attached to the handle;
a welding cable that carries welding current, shield gas, and a welding wire, the welding cable being connected to the handle; and
a consumable assembly attached to the conductor tube, the consumable assembly comprising:
a nozzle assembly comprising a nozzle body and a nozzle insert disposed within the nozzle body, the nozzle insert comprising an internal gas diverter and a seating surface; and
a contact tip disposed within the nozzle assembly, the contact tip comprising:
a body defining an internal cavity extending from a proximal end portion to a distal end portion;
a shoulder formed on the body, the shoulder engaging the seating surface of the nozzle insert when disposed within the nozzle assembly;
at least one aperture disposed on the body between the shoulder and the distal end portion, the at least one aperture extending through the body from an exterior portion of the body to the internal cavity;
an exit orifice extending through the distal end portion of the body; and
an exterior surface extending between the at least one aperture and the distal end portion of the body,
wherein the internal gas diverter directs a flow of shield gas exiting the at least one aperture along the exterior surface of the contact tip.

US Pat. No. 10,556,290

SYSTEM FOR COORDINATED STATIONARY TRACKING WITH ROOT PATH MEMORY CLOCKING FOR CYLINDRICAL WELDING

FANUC ROBOTICS AMERICA CO...

1. A method for performing coordinated stationary tracking for a welding operation performed on a circumferentially extending weld joint formed on an outer circumferential surface of a cylindrical part, the method comprising the steps of:mounting the cylindrical part on a rotating arm of a positioner robot, the rotating arm configured to rotate about a central rotational axis thereof, where the central rotation axis of the rotating arm substantially coincides with a central axis of the cylindrical part;
determining a position of an initial weld joint location on the weld joint using a tracking sensor disposed on a welding robot;
positioning a welding torch of the welding robot to a first weld position wherein the welding torch is directed toward the position of the initial weld joint location; and
determining on a periodic basis a translational offset to be applied to the welding torch relative to the first weld position for application during the welding operation on the weld joint, wherein each periodic determination of the translational offset occurs during a rotation of the rotating arm and is associated with a corresponding rotational position of the rotating arm, wherein the translational offset is determined relative to a tracking frame forming an orthogonal coordinate frame having an origin at the initial weld joint location and one axis aligned with the welding torch.

US Pat. No. 10,556,289

WELDING TYPE POWER SUPPLY FOR TIG STARTS

Illinois Tool Works Inc.,...

1. A method of starting a TIG welding process, comprising:limiting the pulse width of a power circuit to be less than a desired magnitude when a TIG start is being performed;
monitoring for the creation of a welding arc; and
ending limiting the pulse width after the welding arc has been detected.

US Pat. No. 10,556,288

SOLDERING IRON TIP

1. A tip assembly for a soldering iron powered by an electrical power means, the tip assembly comprising two electrodes, each of the two electrodes formed from a material comprising: an electrical resistivity of at least 3,000 micro-Ohm cm;
 a thermal conductivity is in a range between 5 and 10 BTU hr-ft-° F.;
 a flexural strength of at least about 3000 psi;
 a density of at least 1.6 g/cc;
the two electrodes electrically isolated from one another by an insulator disposed between them, the insulator is a glue applied as a liquid; and
the two electrodes configured to be separately electrically connected to positive and negative terminals of said electrical power means.

US Pat. No. 10,556,287

METHOD FOR SELECTIVELY PRETINNING A GUIDEWIRE CORE

ABBOTT CARDIOVASCULAR SYS...

1. A system for applying a layer of solder to a core wire for a guidewire, comprising:a soldering block having a first upper surface that defines a crucible having a bottom surface positioned below the first upper surface;
a beam extending transverse to the soldering block and being movable vertically between an upward condition and a downward condition in relation to the soldering block, the beam having a second upper surface in a horizontal plane, the second upper surface defining a groove, the groove being sized to receive the core wire, the beam further defining a space sized to receive a portion of the soldering block that includes the crucible,
wherein, when the beam is in a downward condition, the soldering block is received into the space and the groove is interrupted by the space containing the soldering block so that the groove extends in a straight configuration on opposite sides of the soldering block; and
wherein, when the beam is in an upward condition, the soldering block is lowered in relation to the space.

US Pat. No. 10,556,286

RESISTANCE BRAZING FOR A SHAFT BALANCING SYSTEM

ArvinMeritor Technology, ...

1. A method of balancing a shaft, the method comprising:locating an imbalance location of the shaft, the shaft being made of cast iron;
applying an insert material, a flux, and a balance weight adjacent the imbalance location;
positioning a first electrode in contact with the balance weight and a second electrode in contact with a surface of the shaft;
providing current through the first and second electrodes to heat the shaft and the insert material, without melting the shaft; and
deactivating the first and second electrodes to permit the insert material to cool and secure the balance weight to the shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,556,285

METAL JOINED BODY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR METAL JOINED BODY

Kobe Steel, Ltd., Kobe-s...

6. A method for manufacturing a metal joined body, comprising:forming a joint by a first metal member and a second metal member;
intermittently forming brazed joint portions at a seam of the joint by braze joining with a brazing material such that gaps are formed between the brazed joint portions; and
forming soldered joint portions between the brazed joint portions by using a solder having a lower melting point than the brazing material so that the soldered joint portions fill in the gaps between the brazed joint portions.

US Pat. No. 10,556,283

GROMMET AND METHOD OF MAKING A GROMMET ASSEMBLY

Sumitomo Electric Wiring ...

1. A grommet configured to adhere to a wiring harness by a soldering device having a soldering tip and route the wiring harness through a substrate, the grommet comprising:a tubular body having an inner wall defining a through-hole;
a hole, the hole is dimensioned to receive the soldering tip, wherein the hole extends radially with respect to the through-hole, the hole is open at an outer surface of the tubular body, the outer surface being concentric to the through-hole and extends inwardly from the outer surface of the tubular body to the inner wall so as to be closed by the inner wall.

US Pat. No. 10,556,282

PORTABLE MICRO-DEBURRING COMPONENT USING MICRO-ELECTRICAL DISCHARGE MACHINING PROCESS

1. A portable micro-electrical discharge machining based deburring system for an electrically conductive workpiece, the deburring system being attachable to a computer numerical controlled (CNC) machine tool and comprising;a controller subassembly haying a control unit and a deburring circuit, the controller subassembly constructed and arranged to control and generate an electrical energy for deburring and to control movement of a deburring tool bit from a non-deburring position to a range of deburring positions;
the electrical energy for deburring having an energy level between 12.5 picojoules and 72 microjoules, a potential between 5 volts and 120 volts and a capacitance between 1 picofarad and 10,000 picofarads, so as to permit deburring of the electrically conductive workpiece without damage to the electrically conductive workpiece:
a workpiece securement subassembly constructed and arranged to secure the portable micro-electrical discharge machining based deburring system to the electrically conductive workpiece on the computer numerical controlled (CNC) machine tool whereby the electrically conductive workpiece remains fixed on the CNC machine during deburring; and
an electrical energy delivery subassembly constructed and arranged to transfer the electrical energy for deburring from the controller subassembly to the deburring tool bit;
whereby the controller subassembly controls movement of the deburring tool bit to the range of deburring positions and generates the electrical energy to deburr the workpiece.

US Pat. No. 10,556,281

PROCESSING PROGRAM-GENERATING METHOD, PATH-GENERATING DEVICE AND ELECTRICAL DISCHARGE MACHINE

MAKINO MILLING MACHINE CO...

1. A method for generating a machining program of an electrical discharge machine which comprises an electrode guide supporting an electrode having a rod shape and electrically discharging at an end portion of the electrode protruding from the electrode guide, the electrode guide and the electrode being configured to move in X-, Y- and Z-axes directions relative to a workpiece, the method comprising:obtaining an initial shape of a workpiece before machining and a target shape of the workpiece;
generating a path of the electrode, based on the target shape of the workpiece, in which the electrode moves in the X-, Y- and Z-axes directions relatively to the workpiece along the target shape of the workpiece;
generating a path of the electrode guide, based on the initial shape of the workpiece and three-dimensional data of the electrode guide, the path of the electrode guide allowing the electrode guide to move in the X-, and Y-axes directions, and also allowing the electrode guide to move in the Z-axis direction independently from a Z-axis movement of the electrode in the path of the electrode so that a position of the end portion of the electrode in the Z-axis direction relative to the electrode guide changes, along a surface of the initial shape of the workpiece without interference between the electrode guide and the workpiece; and
generating a machining program in accordance with the generated path of the electrode and the generated path of the electrode guide.

US Pat. No. 10,556,280

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL MACHINING

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A method of operating an electrochemical machining system, comprising:selectively performing an electrochemical machining process by an electrochemical machine of the electrochemical machining system in a macromachining mode or a micromachining mode by controlling a purity level of a machining liquid supplied to said electrochemical machine.

US Pat. No. 10,556,279

BAND-SAW MACHINE AND METHOD FOR SAWING A METAL TUBE

1. A method for sawing a metal tube or hollow section, the method comprising:using a band-saw machine having:
a stationary lower saw part (1) including a saw table (2) for securing a metal tube (3) or a hollow section to be sawn, and
an upper saw part (4), which is movable in relation to the lower saw part (1), and has a revolving saw band (5) equipped with a series of saw teeth (12),
penetrating the metal tube (3) or the hollow section via a feed motion (13) of the revolving saw band (5) towards the lower saw part (1), and
guiding the saw band (5) through said metal tube (3) or said hollow section for performing a saw cut, and carrying out the feed motion (13) substantially counter to a force of gravity,
wherein the saw band (5) is configured to be housed in an opening of the saw table (2) and below an upper planar surface of the saw table (2) prior to performing the saw cut, and
band guides (9) being arranged on both lateral sides of the saw table (2), the band guides (9) each defining an opening in an upward direction, and the band guides (9) being configured to guide the saw band (5) in a plane of the saw cut.

US Pat. No. 10,556,278

TOOL BODY FOR A SHELL END MILL AND CUTTING TOOL

KENNAMETAL INC., Latrobe...

1. A tool body for a shell end mill, the tool body comprising:at least one helical chip-guiding groove arranged on a circumference of the tool body for chip dissipation; and at least two receptacles arranged at the at least one chip-guiding groove,
wherein each receptacle comprises a base surface comprising a bore for receiving an indexable cutting insert fastening screw and at least one first abutment surface located adjacent to the base surface, the first abutment surface being substantially perpendicular to the base surface; and
wherein a groove is formed at a transition between the base surface and the first abutment surface; and
wherein each receptacle has a coolant outlet opening for cooling an indexable cutting insert in the receptacle arranged in the tool body and each coolant outlet opening communicates with a radial coolant channel, whereby all radial coolant channels are connected to a central coolant feed channel arranged axially in the tool body and the interfaces between the radial coolant channels and the central coolant feed channel are axially offset relative to one another such that, at each axial position of the central coolant feed channel, there is only one interface between the radial coolant channels and the central coolant feed channel.

US Pat. No. 10,556,277

DOUBLE-SIDED CUTTING INSERT HAVING HIGH FEED RATE AND CUTTING TOOL EQUIPPED THEREWITH

KORLOY INC., Seoul (KR)

1. A double-sided cutting insert having a high feed rate, comprising:two main surfaces that face in opposite directions;
two shorter side surfaces which connect between the two main surfaces and which face in opposite directions;
two longer side surfaces, which connect between the two main surfaces and between the two shorter side surfaces, which face in opposite directions, and a width of which is larger than a width of the shorter side surfaces; and
a fastening hole that extends through the two longer side surfaces such that a cutting tool fastening bolt is inserted therein,
wherein the double-sided cutting insert having a high feed rate comprises:
a shorter cutting edge provided on a boundary portion between each of the main surfaces and each of the shorter side surfaces,
a longer cutting edge provided on a boundary portion between each of the main surfaces and each of the longer side surfaces, and
a corner cutting edge that connects between the shorter cutting edge and the longer cutting edge,
wherein the shorter cutting edge comprises a curved shape that is outwardly convex, when viewed from a direction of the main surfaces; and
wherein the shorter side surfaces comprise:
first and second edge clearance surfaces adjacent to each of the main surfaces; and
a center clearance surface that connects the first and second edge clearance surfaces,
wherein each of the first and second edge clearance surfaces forms an obtuse angle with respect to the main surfaces.

US Pat. No. 10,556,275

MINE DRILL SYSTEM WITH ADAPTER

1. A system for securing different first and second drill tools to a drill head including a socket, comprising:a chuck adapted for positioning at least partially within the socket of the drill head, the chuck including a first opening adapted for engaging the first drill tool; and
an adapter configured for forming a selective locking engagement within the first opening of the chuck for preventing withdrawal of the adapter from the chuck in a drilling direction, or allowing the adapter to be withdrawn from the chuck in the absence of the locking engagement, the adapter including a second opening adapted for engaging the second drill tool;
wherein the chuck includes a plurality of internal projections within the first opening and the adapter includes a plurality of external projections alternating in position with the internal projections to form the selective locking engagement;
wherein the plurality of internal projections comprise a first set of projections having a first circumferential spacing and a second set of projections having a second circumferential spacing greater than the first circumferential spacing, whereby the plurality of external projections on the adapter may pass through the first set of projections and move within the second set of projections when the adapter is twisted within the chuck to form the locking engagement.

US Pat. No. 10,556,274

CUBIC BORON NITRIDE SINTERED BODY AND CUTTING TOOL

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. A cBN sintered body, comprising:cBN particles;
Al3B6Co20, an Al content in the cBN sintered body is 0.1-5% by mass and a ratio of a Co content to the Al content is 3 to 40 in terms of mass ratio; and
a binding phase.

US Pat. No. 10,556,273

SURFACE-COATED CUTTING TOOL HAVING EXCELLENT CHIPPING RESISTANCE AND WEAR RESISTANCE

MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORP...

1. A surface-coated cutting tool comprising:a tool body in which at least a cutting edge is made of a cubic boron nitride sintered body; and
a hard coating layer which is deposited on the tool body, wherein,
(a) the cubic boron nitride sintered body is made of cubic boron nitride particles, and a bonded phase which includes at least one or more components selected from a group consisting of nitride, carbide, carbonitride and boride of Ti and nitride and oxide of Al, and inevitable impurities,
(b) an average grain size of the cubic boron nitride particles is 0.5 to 4.0 ?m, a volume ratio of the cubic boron nitride particles in total volume of the cubic boron nitride sintered body is 40 to 70% by volume, and further, an average grain size of the bonded phase is 1 ?m or less,
(c) the hard coating layer consists of an A layer that coats a surface of the tool body and a B layer that coats a surface of the A layer,
(d) the A layer satisfies 0.35?x?0.6 by an atom ratio in a case where compositional formula is (Al1-xTix)N, and the B layer satisfies 0.35?y?0.6 and 0.01?z?0.1 by an atom ratio in a case where compositional formula is (Al1-y-zTiySiz)N,
(e) an average total layer thickness of the A layer and the B layer is 1.5 to 4.0 ?m, and satisfies 2?tB/tA?5 in a case where an average layer thickness of the A layer is tA and an average layer thickness of the B layer is tB, and
(f) in a case where X-ray diffraction is performed on the entire hard coating layer consisting of the A layer and the B layer, the entire hard coating layer has a rock salt type cubic crystal structure, and 3

US Pat. No. 10,556,272

HOLDER FOR A TOOL FOR MATERIAL-REMOVING MACHINING, IN PARTICULAR FOR A LONGITUDINAL TURNING TOOL

Hartmetall-Werkzeugfabrik...

1. A holder for a tool for machining a workpiece, wherein the holder comprises at a front end a cutting insert receptacle for receiving a cutting insert and comprises at a rear end opposite the front end a shank which extends along a longitudinal axis and forms a clamping portion for clamping the holder in a machine tool, wherein the cutting insert receptacle comprises an upper and a lower clamping jaw, wherein the holder comprises an upper part on which the upper clamping jaw is arranged and comprises a lower part which is integrally connected to the shank and on which the lower clamping jaw is arranged, wherein the upper and the lower parts are connected together exclusively by means of a web which extends between a first and a second separating slit, wherein the two separating slits extend between the upper part and the lower part of the holder and are arranged on opposite sides of the web such that the upper part is pivotable relative to the lower part via the web in the manner of a rocker, wherein the first separating slit extends in a front holder region between the cutting insert receptacle and the web, and wherein the second separating slit extends in a central holder region between the web and the clamping portion, wherein the holder further comprises a screw which engages in a thread which is provided in the lower part and extends along a thread axis which is aligned perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis of the holder, wherein the screw comprises a conical screw head which cooperates with the upper part in the central holder region and is configured to spread the second separating slit in order to move the upper clamping jaw toward the lower clamping jaw and to clamp the cutting insert between the upper and the lower clamping jaws.

US Pat. No. 10,556,270

ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM FOR MINIMIZING THERMAL STRESSES

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A build plate for an additive manufacturing system, the build plate comprising:a support structure configured to support a stack of sintered layers of a pulverant material, the support structure extending orthogonally to a build direction;
a sub-plate arranged along the support structure, the sub-plate defining a transducer cavity;
one or more ultrasonic transducers arranged in the transducer cavity, wherein the one or more ultrasonic transducers are operable to propagate ultrasonic waves through the support structure and the stack while the pulverant material is being sintered to provide Ultrasonic Impact Treatment (UIT) of the stack by creating standing waves within the stack to relieve internal stresses caused by sintering of the stack.

US Pat. No. 10,556,269

APPARATUS FOR AND METHOD OF MAKING MULTI-WALLED PASSAGES IN COMPONENTS

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A method of making a refractory metal core comprises:forming a first layer of the refractory metal core out of a first material;
forming a second layer of the refractory metal core out of the first material;
bonding the first and second layers together to form a laminate master pattern;
forming a flexible mold around the laminate master pattern;
removing the laminate master pattern from the flexible mold;
pouring a pulverulent refractory metal material into the flexible mold; and
sintering the pulverulent refractory metal material to form the refractory metal core.

US Pat. No. 10,556,268

IMPROVEMENTS RELATING TO EQUIPMENT FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF ARTICLES MADE OF LIGHT ALLOY OR SIMILAR

Alustrategy S.R.L., Vial...

7. An apparatus for manufacturing items of light alloy comprising a mold, wherein the mold comprises a lower-half mold and at least one upper-half mold, wherein:the lower-half mold and the at least one upper-half mold are configured to be able to be coupled together;
the lower-half mold defines at least one molding cavity adjacent to a supply duct of liquid metal that passes through the lower-half mold up to an introduction passage of the liquid metal in said at least one molding cavity, said supply duct being connected to a melting furnace arranged below the lower-half mold; and
the at least one upper-half mold is associated with at least one punch moveable in the direction of the lower-half mold and has a molding surface adapted for defining, together with the at least one molding cavity, the shape of an item to be molded, said at least one punch configured to close the introduction passage and stop the flow of liquid metal towards the at least one molding cavity so that the amount of liquid metal received in the at least one molding cavity is dosed correspondingly to the volume of an item to be molded, characterized in that the mold comprises temperature control means of the at least one upper-half mold and the lower-half mold, said control means including a heating means and a first temperature sensor means associated with the at least one upper-half mold and a second temperature sensor means associated with the lower-half mold, wherein both the first temperature sensor means and the second temperature sensor means are connected with an outer control unit configured to prevent the movement of said at least one punch if the temperature of both the at least one upper-half mold and the lower-half mold is not comprised within a predetermined range of values, characterized in that:
the at least one upper-half mold comprises lubrication means for the movement of said at least one punch; and
said lubrication means comprise, for each punch, an annular seat formed in the at least one upper-half mold in a position facing a side surface of the at least one punch, connected with a supply channel of a lubricant fluid, and in which an annular gasket is arranged.

US Pat. No. 10,556,267

DIE CONDITION DETECTION

Atlas Copco IAS UK Limite...

1. A die assembly comprising:a die having a stem which defines at least one gas bleed passage, a separable collar, and a first surface defining a die cavity in which material is to be deformed, the die cavity being defined between the stem and collar; and
a die holder in which the die is supported such that the die is operational with the die cavity being exposed for receipt of the material; wherein
a gas passage extends from the die holder into the at least one gas bleed passage, the at least one gas bleed passage being closed by engagement of the collar with the stem; wherein
the stem has a flange on which the collar is supported and the at least one gas bleed passage is defined in the flange.

US Pat. No. 10,556,265

COILING MACHINE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF COIL SPRING

NHK SPRING CO., LTD., Yo...

1. A coiling machine comprising:a material guide to which a material of a coil spring is inserted, the material guide having a tip from which the material is discharged;
a first pin which contacts the material discharged from the tip of the material guide;
a second pin disposed in a front side of a movement direction of the material with respect to the first pin, the second pin and the first pin bending the material into an arc shape;
a pitch tool disposed in a front side of a movement direction of the material with respect to the second pin, the pitch tool contacting the material;
a cutting tool which cuts the material, the cutting tool including a movable blade and a receiving blade;
an actuator which changes a position of the receiving blade of the cutting tool;
a heating device which heats the material;
a temperature sensor which detects a temperature of the material; and
a controller which changes a position of the first pin and a position of the second pin based on control data corresponding to a shape of a coil spring to be formed, wherein the first pin and the second pin are moved such that a radius of curvature of the arc shape increases when the temperature of the material detected by the temperature sensor increases, and the receiving blade of the cutting tool is moved by the actuator such that a gap between a center of curvature of the arc shape and the receiving blade of the cutting tool increases when the temperature of the material increases.

US Pat. No. 10,556,264

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR TRANSFERRING A COMPONENT AND TOOL SYSTEM

1. A device for transferring a component between a first press and a second press, the device being arrangeable between the presses and comprising:a frame;
a traversing unit with a first drive unit for moving the traversing unit with respect to the frame along a travel path in the direction of the first press and in the direction of the second press;
a telescopic unit with:
a base movable along a first travel path with respect to the traversing unit,
a support beam movable along a second travel path with respect to the base, and
a sliding carriage for transferring the component, the sliding carriage being arranged so as to be movable along an edge of the support beam and movable along a third travel path with respect to the support beam, wherein the sliding carriage is movable to an end of the support beam facing the first press to project into a tool space of the first press together with a portion of the support beam protruding beyond the base, and wherein the sliding carriage is moved to an end of the support beam facing the second press to project into a tool space of the second press together with a portion of the support beam protruding beyond the base, and
a second drive unit and a transmission, the transmission being formed to transmit a driving motion of the second drive unit to the base at a first transmission ratio, to the support beam at a second transmission ratio and to the sliding carriage at a third transmission ratio, in order to move the base along the first travel path, move the support beam along the second travel path and move the sliding carriage along the third travel path parallel to the travel path of the traversing unit in the direction of the first press and in the direction of the second press, wherein at least two of the transmission ratios differ from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,556,263

DEFORMATION METHOD AND PRESS

1. A forming process using a press having, in a frame, a ram configured to close through a force of a cylinder with a moveable piston, against a press table in a straight-line movement, the cylinder having a moveable piston, comprising:beginning the closing process closing the press, wherein the moveable piston acts upon at least one knuckle joint system; and
concluding the closing process by a hydraulic cushion of the ram with extension of the knuckle joint system in a movement direction of the piston and straight-line support thereof against the frame;
moving the hydraulic cushion out initially during the closing of the press;
moving the hydraulic cushion in with impingement on a workpiece; and
moving the hydraulic cushion out after extension of the at least one knuckle joint system to conclude the forming process.

US Pat. No. 10,556,262

REPLACEMENT METHOD FOR ATTACHING AND DETACHING TOOL FOR PRESS BRAKE AND TOOL STORAGE DEVICE

AMADA HOLDINGS CO., LTD.,...

1. A tool storage device for storing therein a plurality of tools used for a press brake which comprises an upper table and a lower table, wherein each table has a longitudinally extending surface, the upper table being movable in an up-and-down direction, the up-and-down direction being defined as a Z-axis direction, a left-and-right direction of the press brake orthogonal to the Z-axis direction and parallel to the longitudinally extending surface of each of the upper and lower tables being defined as an X-axis direction, and a front-and-back direction orthogonal to the X-axis and Z-axis directions being defined as a Y-axis direction, the tool storage device being disposed on a side of a press brake in the X-axis direction, the tool storage device comprising:an upper tool holder support member configured to support a plurality of upper tool holders parallel with one another in the Y-axis direction, the upper tool holders holding upper tools to be mounted on an upper tool mounting portion, which is provided on the upper table, so that the upper tools can be subjected to attaching and detaching replacement;
an upper tool holder conveying mechanism, which is freely capable of lifting up a desired upper tool holder from the upper tool holder support member, conveying the upper tool holder forward in the Y-axis direction, and positioning the upper tool holder to a side position of the upper tool mounting portion in the X-axis direction;
a lower tool holder support member configured to support a plurality of lower tool holders parallel with one another in the Y-axis direction, the lower tool holders holding lower tools to be mounted on a lower tool mounting portion, which is provided on the lower table, so that the lower tools can be subjected to the attaching and detaching replacement; and
a lower tool holder conveying mechanism, which is freely capable of individually lifting up a desired lower tool holder from the lower tool holder support member, individually conveying the lower tool holder forward in the Y-axis direction, and individually positioning the lower tool holder to a side position of the lower tool mounting portion in the X-axis direction,
wherein the lower tool holder support member comprises recessed portions, through which both end sides in the X-axis direction of the lower tool holder are freely passable in the Z-axis direction, on a front side or back side of support portions which support both end sides in the X-axis direction in the lower tool holder.

US Pat. No. 10,556,261

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR INSPECTION OF ROLL SURFACE

ARCONIC INC., Pittsburgh...

1. A method comprising:lighting a surface of a roll using refracted light generated via a light source and a prism;
wherein the light source is positioned above the prism;
wherein a plate is positioned below the prism and above the surface of the roll;
wherein the plate has one or more apertures;
wherein the one or more aperatures are at least partially filled with a fliud;
wherein the prism is positioned below a camera and above the plate;
wherein the light source and the prism are positioned to provide the refracted light to the surface of the roll at an angle of at least 75 degrees as measured from a line normal to the surface of the roll;
receiving, by at least one specifically programmed computer system, a plurality of lines from the camera while the roll is rotating;
wherein each line corresponds to a section of the roll;
wherein the plurality of lines are generated using at least a portion of the refracted light;
creating, by the at least one specifically programmed computer system, a plurality of frames based, at least in part, on the plurality of lines;
generating, by the at least one specifically programmed computer system, a two-dimensional image of the surface of the roll based, at least in part, on the plurality of frames;
evaluating, by the at least one specifically programmed computer system, defects on the roll based, at least in part, on the two-dimensional image of the surface of the roll; and
grinding the roll based, at least in part, on the evaluating step.

US Pat. No. 10,556,260

ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND METHODS

Ai-Remedial Systems, LLC,...

1. A liquid treatment system comprising:a filter casing including a structural wall defining a width, a first screen formed though the structural wall, and a second screen formed though the structural wall, the first screen being defined on the filter channel at a different vertical elevation relative to the second screen; and
a liquid treatment cartridge configured for placement in the structural wall of the filter casing between the first screen and the second screen, the liquid treatment cartridge including a cartridge casing having an upper end and a lower end, and a seal surrounding the cartridge casing at an intermediary position along the cartridge casing between the upper end and lower end,
engagement elements connected to an exterior of the structural wall, wherein the engagement elements comprise a first connector comprising a channel and a second connector comprising a ridge with a widened end,
wherein the cartridge casing is positioned below ground and the structural wall extends above ground,
wherein soil is excavated onto a ground surface proximal the structural wall at an angle and provided with an angled interface formed by a gravel and liner structure, wherein contaminated soil is placed on the angled interface to direct flowthrough of liquids from the contaminated soil along the angled interface.

US Pat. No. 10,556,259

DEVICES AND TECHNIQUES RELATING TO LANDFILL GAS EXTRACTION

Loci Controls, Inc., Fal...

1. A system for controlling extraction of landfill gas from a landfill via a gas extraction system, the gas extraction system comprising at least one vacuum source, well piping, and at least one well coupled to the at least one vacuum source through the well piping, the system comprising:at least one sensor configured to measure characteristics of extracted landfill gas being extracted from the landfill, the characteristics of the extracted landfill gas including a concentration of one or more constituent gasses in the extracted landfill gas;
at least one flow control mechanism disposed in well piping and configured to control flow rate of landfill gas through the gas extraction system; and
a controller configured to:
determine a measure of concentration of nitrogen in the landfill gas being extracted from the landfill at least in part by using the at least one sensor; and
automatically control the at least one flow control mechanism based at least on the measured concentration of nitrogen in the landfill gas being extracted from the landfill at least in part by:
determining whether the measure of concentration of nitrogen is different from a target constant nitrogen concentration; and
automatically controlling the at least one flow control mechanism to change concentration of nitrogen in landfill gas being extracted from the landfill when it is determined that the measure of concentration of nitrogen is different from the target constant nitrogen concentration.

US Pat. No. 10,556,258

METHOD FOR CLEANING A MACHINE FOR LIQUID OR SEMI-LIQUID FOOD PRODUCTS

ALI GROUP S.R.L.-CARPIGIA...

1. A method for cleaning a machine for liquid or semi-liquid food products, comprising:providing the machine with a container forming a processing chamber for converting a basic mixture into a finished product;
providing the container with a rotatable mixer inside the processing chamber;
providing the machine with:
a supply duct directly connected to the processing chamber for supplying the basic mixture or finished product to the processing chamber;
a dispensing tap connected to the processing chamber and selectively openable to form a path from the processing chamber to an exterior of the machine for withdrawing the basic mixture or the finished product from the processing chamber to the exterior of the machine;
a dispensing duct connected between the processing chamber, through the dispensing tap, and the supply duct for withdrawing the basic mixture or the finished product from the processing chamber through the dispensing tap and introducing the basic mixture or the finished product to the supply duct to create a closed recirculation path through the supply duct, processing chamber, dispensing tap and dispensing duct;
a) pasteurizing the basic mixture or the finished product by heating the basic mixture or the finished product to a pasteurizing temperature at a predetermined first time interval;
b) performing a sequence of operations at a predetermined second time interval as follows:
emptying the basic mixture contained in the processing chamber;
washing the processing chamber using a washing fluid;
at least partly filling the processing chamber with a cleaning fluid and subjecting the cleaning fluid in the processing chamber to a heating thermal treatment;
c) disassembling and cleaning at a predetermined third time interval at least some components of the machine which make contact, in use, with the basic mixture or the finished product,
performing the pasteurizing by extracting the basic mixture or the finished product from the processing chamber through the dispensing tap and the dispensing duct and reintroducing the basic mixture or the finished product into the processing chamber through the supply duct, thereby establishing a recirculation of the basic mixture or the finished product in the processing chamber through the closed recirculation path;
causing the heating of the basic mixture or the finished product to the pasteurizing temperature for the pasteurizing of the basic mixture or the finished product by the recirculation of the basic mixture or the finished product through the closed recirculation path;
wherein the rotatable mixer has a rotation axis establishing a longitudinal direction of the processing chamber;
wherein the supply duct is connected to the processing chamber at a first longitudinal end of the processing chamber for supplying the basic mixture or finished product to the first longitudinal end of the processing chamber,
wherein the dispensing tap is connected to the processing chamber at a second longitudinal end of the processing chamber opposite the first longitudinal end for withdrawing the basic mixture or the finished product from the processing chamber at the second longitudinal end;
rotating the mixer to move the basic mixture or finished product through the processing chamber from the first longitudinal end to the second longitudinal end and the dispensing tap;
wherein the extraction and reintroduction of the basic mixture or the finished product in the pasteurizing step a) are performed continuously, by activating a pump to cause recirculation of said basic mixture or finished product contained in the processing chamber through the closed recirculation path;
wherein the pump is interposed between the dispensing duct and the supply duct;
providing the machine with a container for the basic mixture;
connecting the container for the basic mixture to an infeed section of the pump and feeding the basic mixture to the processing chamber through the pump and supply duct;
disconnecting the infeed section of the pump from the container for the basic mixture and connecting the infeed section of the pump to the dispensing duct.

US Pat. No. 10,556,257

HOSE CLEARING APPARATUS

1. A hose clearing apparatus, comprising:a faucet coupler comprising a first end for coupling to a faucet, a second end for coupling to a conduit, and a port;
a flow switch positioned within the faucet coupler;
an electric blower configured to be coupled to the port of the faucet coupler, the electric blower comprising:
a temperature sensor chip;
a control switch, wherein the control switch is selectively positionable between a manual position and an auto position;
wherein, when the control switch is in the manual position, the electric blower is activated to blow air according to a timer switch that allows a user to control how long the blower is activated;
wherein, when the control switch is in the auto position, the electric blower is automatically activated to blow air when the flow switch senses that a flow of water has ceased and the temperature sensor chip senses that a temperature has fallen to a predetermined threshold;
a check valve configured to allow air from the blower to enter the faucet coupler and to prevent water from the faucet coupler from entering the port and reaching the blower.

US Pat. No. 10,556,255

AUTOMATIC CLEANING PROCESS, DRYING STATION AND CLEANING SYSTEM COMPRISING SUCH DRYING STATION

EXEL INDUSTRIES, Epernay...

1. An automatic cleaning system intended to be positioned inside a booth with a controlled atmosphere belonging to a coating facility, the automatic cleaning system comprising:a rinsing station comprising at least one nozzle for applying a liquid solvent on all or part of a spraying robot, wherein the spraying robot comprises a moving arm, a handle and a sprayer, wherein the handle is attached to an end of the moving arm and the sprayer is attached to the handle, and wherein the rinsing station is dimensioned to receive the sprayer completely, and
a drying station dimensioned to receive all or part of the spraying robot,
wherein an entire surface of the sprayer can be exposed, at least temporarily, to a liquid solvent jet applied by the nozzle or by one of the nozzles, and
wherein the drying station and the rinsing station are separate and comprise separate openings for receiving the sprayer.

US Pat. No. 10,556,254

MAIL ROUTING SYSTEM UTILIZING PRINTED INDICIA-CONTAINING MAILING ADDRESSES

Broadridge Output Solutio...

3. A mailing method comprising:utilizing a first computer programmed to:
i) create an original recipient-specific handling information indicia for a mail item recipient and
ii) provide said original recipient-specific handling information indicia to the mail item recipient by:
a) a physical transmission, via a printer associated with a mailing machine and physical mail, or
b) an electronic channel transmission;
 wherein the mailing method is configured to be performed between the mail item recipient and a digital mailing services provider (DMSP);
allowing, by a second computer, the mail item recipient to modify said recipient-specific handling information indicia in either:
i) an Optional Company Information Line, delivery address C/O line, on a printed mail item, or
ii) electronically, thereby indicating to said DMSP the mail item recipient's desired handling route for the mail item so that the mail item recipient receives improved transmission of correspondence from said DMSP via both paper and electronic channels solely via including said original recipient-specific handling information indicia contained in the delivery address C/O line of the mail item recipient's delivery address on the mail item;
 enabling, by a third computer, the service provider to add the recipient's modified handling information indicia to future mail items;
 reading, by a reader, said modified handling information indicia from said delivery address C/O line of the mail item by an original service provider, said DMSP, or both; and
 enabling, by a fourth computer, the original service provider, said DMSP, or both, to process the mail item as directed by the modified recipient-specific handling information indicia.

US Pat. No. 10,556,253

PARCEL SORTING APPARATUS WITH ROUTING MANIFOLD AND DIVERTER SYSTEM

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. An apparatus for sorting parcels, the apparatus comprising:a slide defining a transport surface configured to convey parcels from an upstream point of the slide to a downstream point of the slide, the slide further defining an opening in the transport surface that is dimensioned to receive one or more of the parcels therethrough;
at least one door disposed in the slide, the door being selectively positionable between at least:
a first position in which the door closes the opening and forms at least a portion of the transport surface, and
a second position in which the door opens the opening to allow the one or more parcels therethrough, wherein the door comprises:
a first door section defining a first subportion of the portion of the transport surface, the first subportion having a first coefficient of friction; and
a second door section defining a second subportion of the portion of the transport surface, the second subportion having a different, second coefficient of friction; and
a routing manifold disposed below the opening and comprising:
a diverter system comprising one or more diverters actuatable to direct individual parcels toward a selected outlet of a plurality of outlets.

US Pat. No. 10,556,252

ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING A TUNED RESONANCE HAPTIC ACTUATION SYSTEM

APPLE INC., Cupertino, C...

1. An electronic device, comprising:an enclosure;
a display positioned with the enclosure and defining a front face of the electronic device; and
a haptic actuator positioned within the enclosure and comprising:
a housing comprising a wall having a thickness between about 100 microns and about 500 microns;
a movable mass positioned within the housing and configured to move within the housing to cause the haptic actuator to produce a vibrational response including:
a first component within a frequency range; and
a second component outside of the frequency range and providing a haptic output portion of the vibrational response; and
a tuning feature incorporated with the wall and configured to reduce the first component of the vibrational response while substantially maintaining the haptic output portion of the vibrational response, the tuning feature defined by a recess having a depth between about 5 microns and about 10 microns into the wall.

US Pat. No. 10,556,250

WATER-REPELLENT COATING APPLYING SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for applying a water-repellent coating to the outside of a window of a vehicle, comprising:a first reservoir that holds a hydrophobic first fluid;
a second reservoir that holds a second fluid that is sprayed onto the window, the second fluid different than the hydrophobic first fluid;
a wiper with a wiper blade;
a control device; and
at least one sensor arranged in the region of the window and operably connected to the control device, the at least one sensor configured to measure a water-repellent behavior of an outer-facing surface of the window;
a first line that leads from the first reservoir to the wiper, wherein the first line extends at least over part of a length of the wiper and has, in a region of the wiper blade, at least one opening by way of which the hydrophobic first fluid can be applied to the window, wherein the control device is configured to adjust a flow of the hydrophobic first fluid to the wiper in response to feedback from the at least one sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,556,249

ROBOTIC END EFFECTOR AND METHOD FOR MASKLESS PAINTING

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. An apparatus for applying a patterned coating on a surface, comprising:a fluid pump adapted to pump a coating fluid;
a line applicator adapted to be brought into contact with the surface for applying a line of the coating fluid on the surface;
a dispensing tip coupled with the fluid pump and the line applicator for dispensing the coating fluid to the line applicator;
a spray gun adapted to be coupled with a source of the coating fluid for spraying the coating fluid onto the surface; and
a manipulator having the line applicator, the dispensing tip, and the spray gun mounted thereon, wherein the spray gun is mounted offset from the line applicator.