US Pat. No. 10,458,634

ADJUSTABLE SURGICAL LIGHT DEVICE AND SYSTEM

Palmetto Biomedical Inc.,...

1. An adjustable light for a medical environment including an overhead light having a light handle for manually adjusting the position of the overhead light, the light handle defining a longitudinal axis, the adjustable light comprising:a first housing defining a proximal surface, an opposite distal surface and an interior cavity therebetween, the housing further defining an opening to said interior cavity, said opening defined between said proximal surface and said distal surface;
said distal surface including an elongated projection projecting distally therefrom, said elongated projection elongated along a central axis coincident with the longitudinal axis of the light handle when the first housing is coupled to the light handle, and said elongated projection sized and configured to be used as a handle for manually adjusting the orientation of the overhead light;
a power supply sized to be received through said opening into said interior cavity of said first housing;
a second housing including a lamp;
an elongated flexible shaft connected at a proximal end of the elongated flexible shaft to said elongated projection of the first housing along said central axis of said elongated projection, and connected at a distal end of the elongated flexible shaft to the second housing, wherein the elongated flexible shaft is selectively movable along a length of said flexible shaft relative to the first housing to position said lamp relative to a target in the medical environment for illuminating the target; and
electrical wiring extending from said first housing along said elongated flexible shaft to said lamp in said second housing and connectable to said power supply when the power supply is received into said interior cavity of said first housing,
wherein said first housing is configured for releasably coupling to the light handle with said proximal surface adjacent the overhead light,
wherein said opening is arranged on said housing to permit access to said interior cavity when said first housing is coupled to the light handle,
wherein said elongated flexible shaft is hollow to receive said electrical wiring therethrough,
wherein said elongated projection is hollow with an opening at a distal end thereof for communication with said elongated flexible shaft to receive said electrical wiring therethrough, and in communication with said interior cavity at a proximal end of the elongated projection; and
wherein said elongated projection is configured to receive a portion of the light handle of the overhead light.

US Pat. No. 10,458,631

FLOOD LIGHT

MILWAUKEE ELECTRIC TOOL C...

1. A light comprising:a housing including a front face, a first face, a second face, and a first surface arranged between the first face and the front face;
a lens disposed in the front face;
a light source covered by the lens; and
a power source configured to provide power to the light source,
wherein the first face is angled at a first oblique angle with respect to the front face, the second face is angled at a second oblique angle with respect to the front face, and the first surface is angled at a third oblique angle with respect to the front face, wherein the first face, the second face, and the first surface each define a surface configured to support the light.

US Pat. No. 10,458,628

LED LUMINAIRE WITH ADAPTABLE INSTALLATION KIT

Green Creative Ltd., Hon...

1. A LED light system comprising:a) a LED light fixture comprising:
i) a flattened body with a top surface and a bottom surface;
ii) a LED driver circuit within a LED driver box;
iii) an array of LEDs electrically coupled to the LED driver circuit and positioned on or around the bottom surface of the flattened body; and
iv) snap or spring clip structures protruding upward from the top surface of the flattened body and along two opposed sides of the LED driver box; and
b) an installation kit comprising:
i) a junction box face-plate with sets of elongated and curved fenestrations or cutouts for coupling to a junction box and a cutout with tab indentations that allow the snap or spring clip structures to engage the tab indentations, thereby securing the LED light fixture onto the junction box;
ii) sets of slip tabs on the top surface of the flattened body and surrounding the LED driver box; and
iii) a set of hook clips each having an elongated body with and L-shaped bottom portion and a top curved hook structure that bends in an opposite direction relative to the L-shaped bottom portion, wherein the L-shaped bottom portion fits into portions of the slip tabs such that the top curved hook structure engages a recessed light canister housing to secure the LED light fixture thereto.

US Pat. No. 10,458,627

THIN FILM SHEET INCLUDING POWER LINES, LIGHTS, AND SENSORS

Grote Industries, LLC, M...

1. A lighting and detection system for cargo of a tractor trailer interior, comprising:a wiring harness configured to attach to the tractor trailer interior; and
a dome light electrically couplable to the wiring harness and configured to attach to the tractor trailer interior,
a nose box electrically couplable to the wiring harness and configured to receive a cargo load sensor signal from at least one of the wiring harness and the dome light, wherein
at least one of the wiring harness and the dome lighting includes a thin film sheet configured to light and monitor the tractor trailer interior and transmit the cargo load sensor signal to the nose box, the thin film sheet comprises:
a substrate;
a first electrical connector attached to the substrate;
a second electrical connector different from the first electrical connector that is attached to the substrate and that extends substantially parallel to the first electrical connector;
a plurality of light sources that are each connected directly to the first electrical connector and the second electrical connector, the plurality of light sources extend substantially parallel to the first electrical connector and the second electrical connector on the substrate; and
a plurality of sensors attached to the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,458,626

LIGHT SYSTEMS INCLUDING FIELD REPLACEABLE ASSEMBLY, AND METHODS OF ASSEMBLING AND OPERATING THE SAME

Heraeus Noblelight Americ...

1. A light system comprising:(a) a lamp head assembly, the lamp head assembly including (i) driver circuits, and (ii) a cooling system; and
(b) a replaceable assembly connected to the lamp head assembly, the replaceable assembly including (i) a plurality of light producing elements, (ii) a cooling structure for receiving a cooling fluid from the cooling system, the plurality of light producing elements being supported by the cooling structure, and (iii) a reflector for receiving light from the plurality of light producing elements,
wherein the replaceable assembly is separable, as a single assembly, from the lamp head assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,458,623

OPTICAL DEVICE COMPRISING LIGHT REFLECTION FILM

Panasonic Corporation, O...

1. An optical device comprising:a light reflection film which includes a metal layer and a dielectric layer on the metal layer; and
a phosphor layer which is located on the dielectric layer and which emits light by being excited by light from a light source, wherein
the dielectric layer is located between the metal layer and the phosphor layer,
a first wavelength, at which a reflectivity of light vertically incident on the light reflection film from the phosphor layer is highest, is longer than a centroid wavelength of an emission spectrum of the phosphor layer,
the dielectric layer has a layered structure comprising a plurality of layers composed of at least two but no more than six layers, and
refractive indexes of any two adjacent layers of the plurality of layers are different from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,458,616

FIBER OPTIC LIGHTING AND/OR SIGNALING SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

VALEO NORTH AMERICA INC.,...

1. A lighting device for a vehicle comprising:a housing;
an array of optical fibers, at least a portion of said array of optical fibers being arranged in at least one predetermined form;
at least one light source to generate light to be transmitted through said array of optical fibers; and
at least one support or frame disposed within said housing, said at least one support or frame comprising a receiving area to receive said at least one predetermined form, and said at least one support or frame providing a lighting function on the vehicle, wherein
said housing further comprises a surface that includes a conduit that defines a passageway to receive said array of optical fibers, and
said at least one predetermined form includes at least one panel, said at least one support or frame defines a frame that includes an aperture, and said at least one panel is received in and framed by said frame such that light from said at least one panel passes through said aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,458,612

APPARATUS HAVING BLUE LIGHT SOURCE, DICHROIC MIRROR AND PHOSPHOR CONVERTER TO GENERATE WHITE LIGHT

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. An apparatus comprising:a first blue light source configured to provide a first blue light beam, the first blue light source being a blue laser light source, and the first blue light beam being a blue laser light beam;
a collimating lens, optically coupled to the first blue light source, configured to collimate the first blue light beam into a collimated blue light beam;
an optical diffuser, optically coupled to the collimating lens, configured to optically homogenize the collimated blue light beam into a top hat spatially distributed beam;
a yellow phosphor converter configured to convert the top hat spatially distributed beam into a phosphor-emitted light beam, at least a majority of the phosphor-emitted light beam being yellow light converted from blue light of the top hat spatially distributed beam;
condensing and collimating lenses, optically coupled to the yellow phosphor converter, configured to condense and collimate the phosphor-emitted light beam into a condensed and collimated phosphor-emitted light beam;
a dichroic mirror, optically coupled to the condensing and collimating lenses, configured to filter the condensed and collimated phosphor-emitted light beam into a dichroic-filtered light beam passed by the dichroic mirror, including by passing yellow light and reflecting at least some blue light; and
a second blue light source, optically coupled to the dichroic mirror, configured to provide a second blue light beam, the dichroic mirror configured to reflect the second blue light beam in a same direction as the dichroic-filtered light beam to generate a white light beam.

US Pat. No. 10,458,611

HEADLIGHT MODULE AND HEADLIGHT DEVICE

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. A headlight module comprising:a light source for emitting light;
a condensing element for concentrating light emitted from the light source;
a light guide element having an incident surface for receiving light emitted from the condensing element, a reflecting surface for reflecting the received light, and an emitting surface for emitting the received light; and
a projection optical element for projecting a first light distribution pattern formed on the emitting surface, as a second light distribution pattern,
wherein the incident surface has positive refractive power or negative refractive power,
wherein a condensing function of the condensing element and the incident surface forms a shape of the first light distribution pattern,
wherein the reflecting surface superposes light that enters through the incident surface and is reflected at the reflecting surface and light that enters through the incident surface and is not reflected at the reflecting surface on the emitting surface, thereby forming a high luminous intensity region on the emitting surface, and
wherein the high luminous intensity region is formed in a region of the first light distribution pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,458,608

LED SOLAR SIMULATOR AND METHOD OF USE

Newport Corporation, Irv...

1. A method of reproducing the solar spectrum, comprising:providing at least one LED-based light source formed from at least one LED array comprising multiple LED groups of LED assemblies;
activating at least one of the LED groups to output at least one output optical signal within a discrete wavelength range;
combining the output optical signals from the multiple LED groups to produce at least one broad spectrum output signal using at least one diffractive element;
selectively varying at least one characteristic of the broad spectrum output signal and directing the broad spectrum output signal to at least one work surface;
illuminating the at least one work surface with at least two alignment light signals outputted by at least two alignment devices positioned on the LED light source, the alignment light signals configured to intersect at an angle; and
adjusting the position of the LED light source until the alignment light signals intersect when the LED light source is located at a desired distance from the work surface.

US Pat. No. 10,458,606

ORGANIC EL DEVICE

NEC LIGHTING, LTD., Toky...

1. An organic EL device comprising:an organic EL panel;
an ellipsoidal reflector;
a phosphor; and
a laser,
the organic EL panel comprising:
a substrate, and
at least one organic EL element,
wherein the substrate comprises at least one light incident portion on which light is incident from an outside,
the ellipsoidal reflector is disposed outside the organic EL panel in such a manner that the phosphor is disposed at a first focal point of the ellipsoidal reflector and the light incident portion of the substrate is positioned at a second focal point of the ellipsoidal reflector,
the laser is disposed outside the organic EL panel in such a manner that the phosphor can be irradiated with a laser beam,
light emitted from the phosphor enters the substrate from the light incident portion, andthe light emitted from the phosphor that has entered the substrate diffuses in an in-plane direction of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,458,604

DIFFUSED FLEXIBLE LED LINEAR LIGHT ASSEMBLY

ITC Incorporated, Hollan...

1. An LED light assembly comprising:a flexible LED linear light component having a plurality of LEDs supported on a flexible base;
a flexible translucent housing having an elongated configuration for enclosing said flexible LED linear light component, said housing comprising a base, a first and second side wall extending upwardly from the base, and a curved portion extending between the first and second side walls;
wherein the thickness of the base and the first and second side walls is constant; and
wherein the thickness of said translucent housing is varied along at least a segment of the curved portion so as to vary relative percentages of light transmissions through said translucent housing, wherein a housing wall of said curved portion decreases in thickness as the angle formed by the plane of said LEDs and a straight line drawn from said plane of said LEDs through said translucent housing wall also decreases; and
wherein the varied segment of the curved portion includes the apex of the curved portion.

US Pat. No. 10,458,602

LIGHT BULB SHAPED LAMP

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. An LED light bulb comprising:an elongated filament comprising:
an elongated base board having a first end and a second end at opposed ends of a longitudinal direction of the base board, a first surface, a second surface opposing the first surface and side surfaces extending in the longitudinal direction of the base board;
a plurality of light-emitting diodes arranged on the first surface of the base board; and
an elongated seal including a wavelength conversion material, the seal enclosing all of the plurality of light-emitting diodes;
a globe housing the base board;
a base disposed outside of the globe for receiving power;
a lighting circuit that is provided in the base and causes the plurality of light-emitting diodes to emit light;
a stem comprising a soft glass transparent to visible light;
a first power supply wire and a second power supply wire supporting the base board, the first power supply wire being connected to the first end of the base board on one end and to the lighting circuit on an other end, the second power supply wire being connected to the second end of the base board on one end and to the lighting circuit on an other end, each of the first and second power supply wires comprising a Dumet wire sealed inside the stem; and
wherein the globe has an opening closed by the stem so as to keep the globe airtight,
the first power supply wire and the second power supply wire extend from the elongated filament to the stem, enter into the stem via a longitudinal side surface of the stem, and extend from the stem to the lighting circuit provided in the base via an interior of the stem,
wherein the elongated seal including the wavelength conversion material contacts all of the plurality of light-emitting diodes, and
a cross-section of the elongated seal, that covers the first surface and the side surfaces of the base board, has a semicircular shape that is uniform along the longitudinal direction of the base board.

US Pat. No. 10,458,601

SAFETY SYSTEM FOR GAS CYLINDER VALVES AND METHOD OF USE

1. A handwheel for a safety system for a gas cylinder valve stem, the stem being rotatable to actuate a valve to an open position and a closed position, the stem having a proximal end tip portion, a distal end base, and a center longitudinal axis of rotation, the safety system including a coupler that includes a first engagement mechanism, the coupler being mountable onto the base of the stem and able to rotate the stem in unison with rotation of the coupler or remain stationary in unison with the stem while the stem is stationary, the handwheel comprising:a second engagement mechanism of a locking mechanism defined by the first and second engagement mechanisms, the second engagement mechanism configured to engage in surface-to-surface contact with the first engagement mechanism such that the handwheel transfers torque to the coupler, wherein the handwheel is configured to:
mount onto an intermediate portion of the stem between the tip portion and a top surface of the coupler;
rotate about the longitudinal axis, in response to receiving an angular force of rotation in a lateral plane, wherein the rotation of the handwheel is in unison with the coupler when the locking mechanism is engaged, and wherein the rotation of the handwheel is independent from the coupler when the locking mechanism is disengaged; and
disengage of the locking mechanism, in two alternative ways:
in response to receiving the angular force of rotation in the lateral plane; or
in response to receiving a non-angular force in a proximal direction along the longitudinal axis, wherein the longitudinal axis is orthogonal to the lateral plane.

US Pat. No. 10,458,600

SYSTEM WITH REMOTELY CONTROLLED, PRESSURE ACTUATED TANK VALVE

Hexagon Technology AS, A...

1. A pressurized tank system comprising:a first tank;
a second tank;
a manifold;
a first conduit connecting the first tank to the manifold;
a first pressure actuated valve;
a second conduit connecting the first pressure actuated valve to the manifold;
a third conduit connecting the manifold and the first pressure actuated valve, the first pressure actuated valve being configured for operation by fluid pressure in the third conduit, wherein the first pressure actuated valve is closed when the fluid pressure in the third conduct is at a first level, and wherein the first pressure actuated valve is open when the fluid pressure in the third conduct is at a second level higher than the first level; and
a fourth conduit connecting the first pressure actuated valve and the second tank.

US Pat. No. 10,458,599

STORAGE BOX FOR BOTTLES OF PRESSURIZED FLUID AND ASSOCIATED STORAGE FRAME

1. A storage frame for at least one cylinder of pressurized fluid, comprising:a primary structure and at least one storage box,
the storage box comprising at least one cylinder of pressurized fluid extending along a longitudinal axis between two ends, said storage box being mounted in the primary structure and comprising at least one first retaining member configured to collaborate fixedly with one end of the at least one cylinder and blocking the rotation of the at least one cylinder, and at least one second retaining member configured to collaborate with the other end of the at least one cylinder,
the at least one second retaining member configured to maintain a position of the other end of the at least one cylinder while at the same time exhibiting at least one determined degree of freedom, and
the storage box forming, in the primary structure, a unit assembly of at least one cylinder fixed firmly at one end and floatingly at the other end, wherein there is no firm mechanical connection at one end of each of the at least one cylinder so as to allow each of the at least one cylinder a longitudinal movement in a region of retention making it possible to absorb the expansion of the volume of the at least one cylinder as each is being filled.

US Pat. No. 10,458,595

SMART POWER OVER ETHERNET LIFT

Cisco Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:an actuator;
a first portion, the first portion having a first conductive connector portion, wherein the first portion is arranged to be mounted on a ceiling; and
a second portion, the second portion arranged to be coupled to a device, the second portion having a second conductive connector portion, wherein power is not provided to the actuator when the first conductive connector portion and the second conductive connector portion are in physical contact, and wherein the power is provided to the actuator when the first conductive connector portion and the second conductive connector portion are not in physical contact; and
a cable, the cable being coupled to the actuator and to the second portion, wherein when the power is provided to the actuator, the actuator is arranged to cause the cable to move the second portion.

US Pat. No. 10,458,593

MAST SYSTEMS FOR AUTONOMOUS MOBILE ROBOTS

iRobot Corporation, Bedf...

1. An autonomous mobile robot comprising:a body;
a drive configured to maneuver the body across a floor surface;
an image capture device;
an interface cable connecting the image capture device to a controller of the robot, the interface cable being configured to be spooled within the body; and
an elongate flexible member including a polymer portion and a textile portion, the elongate flexible member including a first portion having a first curvature and being coupled to the image capture device, a second portion having a second curvature less than the first curvature and being coiled within the body of the robot, and a third portion having a curvature that varies between the first curvature and the second curvature, the third portion connecting the first portion to the second portion.

US Pat. No. 10,458,592

DOUBLE TUBE

FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LT...

1. A double tube, comprising;an inner tube, and
an outer tube disposed outside the inner tube,
wherein the inner tube is constituted of a flat tube formed from copper or a copper alloy, and the outer tube is constituted of a corrugated tube formed from any one of iron, stainless steel, aluminum and an aluminum alloy,
wherein a terminal member that seals a space between the inner tube and the outer tube is provided at an end portion of the inner tube and at an end portion of the outer tube, the terminal member includes an intermediate cylinder portion having a smaller outside diameter than an outside diameter of the outer tube,
an outer periphery of at least the intermediate cylinder portion of the terminal member is covered with a heat insulating material,
wherein an end portion connection tube is connected to the end portion of the outer tube, each of the end portion connection tube and the intermediate cylinder portion is constituted of a flat tube, the intermediate cylinder portion and the end portion connection tube are connected by a ring-shaped terminal portion, and the intermediate cylinder portion and the inner tube are connected by a ring-shaped terminal portion, respectively,
wherein the terminal portion that connects the inner tube and the intermediate cylinder portion has a cutout formed in an end portion inner circumferential surface, and the inner tube and the terminal portion are connected by filling the cutout with a brazing material, and
wherein the inner tube is inserted so as to directly contact with the end portion inner circumferential surface of the terminal portion.

US Pat. No. 10,458,591

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR REPAIRING PIPE

LMK Technologies, LLC, O...

1. An apparatus for repairing a main pipe line a lateral pipe line connected thereto and in communication therewith to form a pipe juncture, the apparatus comprising:a bladder assembly comprising a main bladder tube and a lateral bladder tube in communication with one another through a bladder tube juncture;
a liner assembly comprising a main liner member and a lateral liner tube of resin absorbent material in communication with one another through a liner juncture;
the lateral bladder tube and the lateral liner tube being adapted to extend within the lateral pipe line with the lateral bladder tube being inside the lateral liner tube and the lateral liner tube being between the lateral pipe line and the lateral bladder tube;
the main bladder tube and the main liner member being adapted to extend within the main pipe line at the pipe juncture with the main liner member being between the main pipe line and the main bladder tube; and
a gasket comprising a single band of an impermeable hydrophilic material disposed on the outside of the main liner member and surrounding the liner juncture, the band forming a seal between the liner assembly and main pipe line around the pipe juncture.

US Pat. No. 10,458,590

DEVICE FOR PREVENTING REFRIGERANT LEAKS IN AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM SERVICE PORTS

Shlomo Attia, Dania Beac...

1. A device for preventing refrigerant leaks in air conditioning system service ports, the device comprising:a quick coupler having a detent for engaging in a groove formed in an air conditioning system service port;
a main body having a longitudinal direction and being disposed adjacent said coupler in said longitudinal direction;
a stem movable inside said main body in said longitudinal direction;
a sealing element adjacent said stem;
a head fastened to said main body, said head having an internal thread; and
a handle having a shaft with an external thread to be screwed into said internal thread of said head, said shaft having a free end remote from said handle for contacting said stem and pushing said sealing element adjacent said stem against an end of the service port upon turning said handle.

US Pat. No. 10,458,588

HYDROCARBON FLUID PIPELINE INCLUDING RF HEATING STATION AND RELATED METHODS

HARRIS CORPORATION, Melb...

1. A method of heating hydrocarbon fluid flowing through a hydrocarbon fluid pipeline comprising a plurality of pipeline segments connected together between first and second spaced apart geographic locations, the method comprising:positioning an RF heater between adjacent pipeline segments, the RF heater comprising
an inner tubular dielectric coupler between adjacent pipeline segments of the plurality thereof and having a same cross-sectional shape as the adjacent pipeline segments,
a plurality of ribs extending along a length of the inner tubular dielectric coupler,
an electrically conductive outer housing surrounding the inner tubular dielectric coupler, and
a pressure balance assembly connected between the electrically conductive outer housing and one of the adjacent pipeline segments; and
supplying RF power to the RF heater via the outer housing to heat the hydrocarbon fluid flowing through the hydrocarbon pipeline to a temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,458,585

BLAST ACTIVATED QUICK-DISCONNECT APPARATUS

ROBERTSON FUEL SYSTEMS, L...

1. In cooperation with a quick disconnect device with a longitudinally movable collar surrounding, the collar provided in a first position and being moved in a second or activated position in response to a physical shock or concussion, the collar comprising a flange that extends outward from a surface of the collar and extends around the collar in a circumferential manner, an apparatus comprising:a mounting apparatus fixedly attaching the quick disconnect device to a vehicle to be protected from physical shock or concussion;
a mass affixed to the movable collar, wherein the mass includes two semi-cylindrical portions affixed together and surrounding and engaging the flange of the collar of the quick disconnect device, each semi-cylindrical portion has a surface that contacts a surface of the flange in a circumferential manner;
a coil spring having one end abutting the mass, the coil spring extending around the collar in a circumferential manner such that the coil spring encloses the collar; and
a spring stop formed as one of a portion of the mounting apparatus or a separate component, the spring stop engaged with an opposite end of the coil spring and holding the coil spring in a biasing position against the mass, the coil spring being designed to provide a bias on the mass that prevents movement of the mass and collar into the activated position during accelerations in a normal use range.

US Pat. No. 10,458,577

GROOVED FORGED CARBON STEEL FITTING APPARATUS

US Groove and Fittings, L...

1. A forged carbon steel fitting comprising:an at least partially tubular structure, a tubular portion of the at least partially tubular structure being defined by a first radius that runs from a center of the tubular portion towards a circumference of the tubular portion;
two or more peripheral openings disposed within the tubular portion of the at least partially tubular structure with at least one of the peripheral openings comprising a roll grooved feature that facilitates coupling of the forged carbon steel fitting with other roll grooved apparatus via a mechanical joining apparatus;
wherein the roll grooved feature comprises a grooved portion disposed on an exterior surface of the forged carbon steel fitting, the grooved portion comprised of a first wall portion that extends along the first radius and a second wall portion that extends along a second radius that is longitudinally offset from the first radius, the first radius and the second radius being identical, the first wall portion being disposed between the at least one of the peripheral openings and the second wall portion, the roll grooved feature further comprising a deformed portion disposed on an opposing interior surface of the forged carbon steel fitting from the exterior surface, the deformed portion comprising a curved surface that projects inward from the opposing interior surface towards the center of the tubular portion; and
one of the two or more peripheral openings comprising a butt weld peripheral opening, the butt weld peripheral opening enabling the forged carbon steel fitting to be joined with other forged carbon steel fittings or forged carbon steel pipe via a welding process;
wherein the forged carbon steel fitting does not include any intermediate welds between the two or more peripheral openings; and
wherein a thickness between a bottom of the exterior surface of the grooved portion and an inward most portion of the deformed portion enables the grooved portion of the tubular structure to have greater mechanical strength than an equivalent cast or machined pipe fitting.

US Pat. No. 10,458,576

HOSE ASSEMBLY WITH MODIFIED THERMOPLASTIC INNER TUBE

TEKNOR APEX COMPANY, Paw...

1. A hose assembly, comprising:a first end coupler and a second end coupler;
an inner tube having a longitudinal length and a first circumference below a minimum expansion pressure, wherein the inner tube is expandable to a larger, second circumference upon application of fluid pressure on an inner surface of the inner tube at or above the minimum expansion pressure, wherein the inner tube inner surface defines a fluid passage and is adapted to directly come into contact with a fluid, wherein the inner tube comprises a modified thermoplastic composition comprising a thermoplastic polymer, a plasticizer, and a rubber, wherein the thermoplastic polymer is present in a major amount by weight based on the total weight of the thermoplastic polymer and the rubber; and
an outer tube covering the inner tube, wherein a first end of the inner tube and a first end of the outer tube are connected to the first end coupler, wherein a second end of the inner tube and a second end of the outer tube are connected to the second end coupler, wherein the outer tube is not bonded, connected or attached to the inner tube between the first and second end couplers of the hose assembly;
wherein the hose assembly longitudinal length is substantially fixed and does not change at different fluid pressure conditions on the inner surface of the inner tube, and
wherein the longitudinal length of the inner tube is substantially the same as the length of the outer tube without application of the fluid pressure on the inner surface of the inner tube.

US Pat. No. 10,458,574

LIGHTWEIGHT, HIGH FLOW HOSE ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE

TEKNOR APEX COMPANY, Paw...

1. A hose assembly being a fabric-jacketed circumferentially-expandable tube, comprising:an inner tube comprising a blend of i) a thermoplastic material comprising polyvinyl chloride and ii) an elastomeric material comprising a rubber, wherein the inner tube has a longitudinal length and a first circumference below a minimum expansion pressure, wherein the inner tube is expandable to a larger, second circumference but not a longer longitudinal length upon application of fluid pressure on an inner surface of the inner tube at or above the minimum expansion pressure; and
an outer tube covering the inner tube, wherein the outer tube is not bonded, connected or attached to the inner tube between end couplers of the hose assembly, wherein the outer tube comprises a fabric material; and
wherein the inner tube and outer tube collectively have a burst strength per linear mass density between 52 kPa·m/g to 100 kPa·m/g, wherein burst strength is measured according to ASTM D380-94 (2012), and wherein the burst strength is between 4,137 kPa and 10,342 kPa.

US Pat. No. 10,458,565

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MANUALLY OVERRIDING A SOLENOID VALVE OF A FAUCET

KOHLER CO., Kohler, WI (...

1. A system for a faucet, comprising:a solenoid operated valve comprising:
a valve body including a sealing surface, a fluid inlet, a fluid outlet, and a longitudinal passage having a non-fluid passage and a fluid passage fluidly connecting the fluid outlet and the fluid inlet;
a sealing element that is movable relative to the sealing surface to fluidly connect and disconnect the fluid inlet from the fluid passage and the fluid outlet; and
a solenoid configured to selectively couple and decouple the sealing element to the sealing surface to fluidly disconnect and connect the fluid inlet from the fluid passage and the fluid outlet such that water flows through the fluid passage when the sealing element is decoupled from the sealing surface; and
a lifter for manually overriding the solenoid operated valve during a power failure, the lifter comprising:
a threaded portion that threads to the solenoid operated valve;
a shoulder adjacent the threaded portion that is disposed within the longitudinal passage and seals against part of the valve body to separate the non-fluid passage and the fluid passage; and
an elongated member extending from a side of the shoulder opposite the threaded portion, the elongated member extending longitudinally through the fluid passage and having a tip located within the fluid passage;
wherein a rotation of the lifter in a first direction moves the lifter through the threads relative to the valve body to decouple the sealing element from the sealing surface by displacing the sealing element with the tip, and
wherein the valve body includes a longitudinal wall that is unitary and defines the longitudinal passage having the non-fluid passage and the fluid passage, wherein the fluid outlet is disposed in and extends transverse to the longitudinal wall, and the longitudinal wall has threads in the non-fluid passage, and wherein the threaded portion of the lifter is disposed within the longitudinal wall and threads to threads of the longitudinal wall.

US Pat. No. 10,458,563

VALVE ARRANGEMENT

IMI HYDRONIC ENGINEERING ...

1. A valve arrangement comprising:a valve inlet,
a valve outlet arranged downstream of said valve inlet,
a first chamber arranged directly downstream of said valve inlet, and a second chamber arranged between said first chamber and said valve outlet,
a measuring nipple comprising a measuring channel for receiving a measuring device,
a closing arrangement having open positions and a closed position, wherein said closing arrangement in its closed position is configured to prevent fluid communication between said first chamber and said second chamber via said closing arrangement, and wherein said closing arrangement in its open positions is configured to allow for fluid communication between said first chamber and said second chamber via said closing arrangement,
a first passage arranged between said first chamber and said measuring channel without passing said second chamber, said first passage enabling measuring of fluid pressure in said first chamber, and
a second passage arranged between said second chamber and said measuring channel without passing said first chamber, said second passage enabling measuring of fluid pressure in said second chamber, wherein
said measuring nipple comprises a movable occlusive element portion, said movable occlusive element portion being configured to close and open at least one of said first and second passages between said first chamber and said measuring channel, and between said second chamber and said measuring channel, respectively by linear movement within the measuring channel.

US Pat. No. 10,458,562

CONTROL VALVE

YAMADA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A control valve comprising:a cylindrical casing having an inlet port and a first outlet port for a fluid, and
a valve accommodated in the casing to be rotatable around an axis extending in an axial direction of the casing and having a flow path communicating with the inlet port to allow the fluid to flow therethrough, wherein
a first communication port communicating with the flow path and the first outlet port according to a rotational position of the valve is formed in the valve, and
a fail opening configured to be opened and closed by a thermostat is formed in a portion of the casing so as to face the inlet port in a radial direction of the casing,
wherein a second outlet port configured to open in a direction intersecting the opening direction of the fail opening is formed in a portion of the casing adjacent to the fail opening.

US Pat. No. 10,458,561

HYDRANT-MOUNTABLE PRESSURE CONTROL AND RELIEF VALVE APPARATUS

Maguire Iron, Inc., Siou...

1. A pressure responsive apparatus for controlling and relieving pressure in a fluid line, the apparatus comprising:a valve body being elongated along a longitudinal body axis, the valve body having a first end and a second end along the longitudinal body axis, the valve body having an interior surface defining an interior and an annular seat, the valve body having an input configured to connect to the fluid line to be exposed to pressure in the fluid line, the valve body having an output configured to drain fluid from the valve body, the input and output of the valve body being in fluid communication with the interior of the valve body;
a plunger positioned in the interior of the valve body, a pressure chamber being defined in the interior of the valve body between the plunger and the input of the valve body such that the plunger is exposed to the pressure of the fluid within the pressure chamber, the plunger being movable between a seated position adjacent to the annular seat and a release position toward the output of the valve body, the seated position of the plunger being characterized by the plunger blocking fluid movement out of the pressure chamber through the output, the release position being characterized by the plunger permitting fluid movement out of the pressure chamber through the output; and
a biasing assembly configured to bias the plunger toward the seated position, the biasing assembly including an adjustment structure configured to apply an adjustable amount of biasing force to the plunger against the pressure of the fluid in the pressure chamber, the adjustment structure being positioned exterior of the pressure chamber defined between the plunger and the input of the valve body to facilitate adjustment of the biasing assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,458,552

VALVE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR VALVE

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A valve comprising:a valve seat that has a first recessed portion, a second recessed portion, a partition that separates the first recessed portion and the second recessed portion and a hole which is provided on an inside of the first recessed portion and is configured as a flow path of a liquid;
a valve body configured to open/close the flow path due to relative movement with respect to the valve seat;
an opening member that has a first surface which is fixed to the valve seat, a second surface configured to separate away and abut the valve body, a third surface which intersects the first surface and the second surface, and an opening which penetrates the first surface and the second surface; and
a fixing member that fixes the first surface to the valve seat,
wherein the valve seat includes a projecting portion that projects from the partition into the first recessed portion and the first surface is fixed to the projecting portion.

US Pat. No. 10,458,549

SEAL ASSEMBLY FOR SEALING A SPACE BETWEEN A HOUSING AND A COMPONENT AGAINST ENTRY OF A LIQUID MEDIUM

1. A seal assembly for sealing a space between a housing and a component against a liquid medium, comprising:a first seal element fixedly connectable to the housing, the first seal element including a first body structure located on the housing, a first seal lip is disposed on the first body structure, the first seal lip is movable at least in a radial direction, the first seal lip being disposed at a first angle with respect to the radial direction such that one elongated side of the first seal lip faces the component;
a second seal element fixedly connectable to the housing, the second seal element including a second body structure located on the housing, a second seal lip is disposed on the second body structure, the second seal lip is movable at least in the radial direction, the second seal lip being disposed at a second angle with respect to the radial direction;
a support element is disposed between and in contact with the first support body and the second support body, the support element overlying a portion of the one elongated side of the first seal lip, the support element having an axially extending section that overlies a portion of the second support structure without contacting the second seal lip, wherein the support element and the first seal element and the second seal element are configured such that a pressure exerted on the first seal lip by the liquid medium is transmittable in the radial direction to the first support element and such that a second pressure exerted on the second seal lip by the liquid medium is transmittable in the radial direction to the second support element, the first and second seal lips being free of any spring pressing the first and second seal lips against the component;
the component or the support element and the housing defining a bore positioned axially over the support element or the component, respectively, the bore being axially spaced from each of the first and second seal lips;
a third seal element fixedly connectable to the housing, the third seal element including a third body structure located on the housing, a third seal lip is disposed on the third body structure, the third seal lip is movable at least in the radial direction, the third seal lip being disposed at a third angle with respect to the radial direction, the third body structure being adjacent to and abutting the second body structure;
the second seal lip and the third seal lip face in axially opposite direction from each other; and
an axial extension of the third body structure or the second body structure is different than an axial extension of the first body structure.

US Pat. No. 10,458,548

PISTON RING AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

NIPPON ITF, INC., Kyoto ...

1. A piston ring, comprising:a ring-shaped substrate; and
an amorphous carbon film, coated on a surface of the ring-shaped substrate,
wherein the amorphous carbon film is formed using a CVD method, and
increasing regions in which an sp2/sp3 ratio that is a ratio of sp2 bonding to spa bonding continuously increases and decreasing regions in which the sp2/sp3 ratio continuously decreases are alternately formed from the substrate surface toward a film surface, and the sp2/sp3 ratio continuously changes on borders between the increasing regions and the decreasing regions so that soft films having a low sp2/sp3 ratio and hard films having a high sp2/sp3 ratio are formed in an alternately layered manner; and
the decreasing regions are configured to be equal in number to or one region fewer than the increasing regions.

US Pat. No. 10,458,546

CONTINUOUSLY VARIABLE TRANSMISSION AND CONTROL METHOD OF CONTINUOUSLY VARIABLE TRANSMISSION

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., ...

1. A continuously variable transmission, comprising:a variator comprising:
a primary pulley that has a primary oil chamber,
a secondary pulley that has a secondary oil chamber, and
a belt looped over the primary pulley and the secondary pulley,
wherein secondary pressure is supplied to the secondary oil chamber;
an oil pump provided in an oil passage that provides communication between the primary oil chamber and the secondary oil chamber; and
a controller,
wherein the oil pump is configured to control an inflow and an outflow of oil of the primary oil chamber,
wherein the oil pump is formed by a gear pump,
wherein the continuously variable transmission controls the oil pump in such a manner that a target speed ratio of the variator is achieved,
wherein the controller is configured to perform correction control of controlling the oil pump in such a manner that generation of forward reverse rotation of the oil pump is suppressed in a case where a pressure difference between the primary oil chamber and the secondary oil chamber is within a preliminarily set unstable region,
wherein the unstable region is a region where a magnitude of the pressure difference between the primary oil chamber and the secondary oil chamber is smaller than a predetermined pressure difference, and
wherein the predetermined pressure difference is a value for regulating a pressure difference with which the forward reverse rotation of the oil pump is generated by a variation of the secondary pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,458,542

BRAKE TRANSMISSION SHIFT INTERFACE PIN ASSEMBLY

ThyssenKrupp Presta AG, ...

1. A shifter system assembly for a steering column, the shifter system assembly comprising:a shifter mechanism that receives a shift lever, the shifter mechanism selectively movable between a “Park” position and an out of “Park” position;
a brake transmission shift interface (BTSI) assembly comprising:
a BTSI pin assembly comprising:
a blocking pin;
a solenoid pin that is separate and distinct from the blocking pin; and
a coupler that couples the blocking pin and the solenoid pin wherein the coupler includes a coupler body having an outer diameter greater than corresponding diameters of the blocking pin and the solenoid pin; and
a solenoid coil, wherein the BTSI pin assembly moves between an extended position and a retracted position, wherein (i) in the extended position, the blocking pin inhibits movement of the shifter mechanism out of the “Park” position and (ii) in the retracted position, the blocking pin allows movement of the shifter mechanism to the out of “Park” position.

US Pat. No. 10,458,540

TORQUE CONVERTERS AND METHODS AND DEVICES FOR REBUILDING TORQUE CONVERTERS

Sonnax Transmission Compa...

1. A kit for repairing an original equipment (“OE”) torque converter, the OE torque converter including a backing ring and a cover, the cover including a spline ring that engages an OE clutch plate of a lock-up clutch assembly, the kit comprising:a splined backing ring for replacing the OE backing ring, the splined backing ring including:
an outer surface configured and dimensioned to be fixed to the cover; and
a spline ring configured to engage a clutch plate of a modified lock-up clutch assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,458,535

OIL TRANSFER UNIT FOR TRANSFERRING OIL BETWEEN A STATIONARY PART AND A ROTATING PART

GE Avio S.r.l., Rivalta ...

1. An oil transfer unit comprising:a stationary part comprising an oil mouth;
a rotating part having an inner chamber and an outer cylindrical surface extending along an axis;
a floating part, which has a cylindrical surface fitted onto the outer cylindrical surface with a radial gap, so as to define a non-contact configuration, is coupled to the stationary part in an angularly fixed position about the axis and with a defined freedom of movement;
an annular groove defined by the rotating part and the floating part and permanently communicating with the oil mouth and with the inner chamber; the radial gap defining, in use, an oil film sealing each side of the groove;
wherein the floating part comprises a support body and an annular pad, which are distinct from each other; the cylindrical surface being defined by the pad; the unit comprising an angular retaining constraint retaining the pad in an angularly fixed position with respect to the body; at least one element being breakable or plastically deformable to release the angular retaining constraint when the torque transferred, in use, to the body exceeds a defined threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,458,534

GEARBOX SYSTEM WITH ADD-ON COOLING FIN PANELS

ABB Schweiz AG, Baden (C...

1. A gearbox system, comprising:a gearbox having a housing, wherein the housing includes a surface;
an add-on cooling fin panel in thermal engagement with the surface, wherein the cooling fin panel includes a plurality of cooling fins; and
an attachment feature constructed to affix the cooling fin panel to the gearbox,
wherein the cooling fin panel is constructed to transfer heat from the surface to the cooling fin panel by conduction; and
wherein the cooling fin panel is configured to transfer heat by convection to an environment in which the gearbox is located,
wherein the cooling fins have a pitch-to-height ratio in the range of 0.05 to 0.6.

US Pat. No. 10,458,525

SEALED BELT TENSIONING DEVICE

Dayco IP Holdings, LLC, ...

1. A belt tensioner comprising:a spring case;
an arm pivotally coupled to the spring case, the arm having an engagement surface and being configured to pivot relative to the spring case about a pivot axis;
a biasing mechanism operatively coupled to the arm to bias the arm relative to the spring case;
a bushing positioned between the arm and the spring case;
a cap enclosing the biasing mechanism within the spring case or a deflected arm plate seated on the arm; and
a seal assembly comprising a primary seal positioned between the spring case and the arm and a secondary seal positioned between the cap or the deflected arm plate and the arm;
wherein the seal assembly is coaxial with the pivot axis and configured to accommodate relative axial movement between the base and the arm and relative radial movement between the base and the arm while still maintaining a seal at both the primary seal and the secondary seal, thereby blocking contaminants from reaching the bushing;
wherein the primary seal and the secondary seal operate in tandem such that as one of the primary seal or the secondary seal expands, the other is compressed, the primary seal and the secondary seal both expand or compress in the same manner.

US Pat. No. 10,458,519

GEARED MOTOR, AND METHOD FOR INSTALLING A GEARED MOTOR

1. A geared motor comprising:a direct current motor having a motor shaft;
an independent planetary gear unit with a first sun wheel, the planetary gear unit having at least one planetary gear unit stage;
a ring gear having teeth;
first planetary gears engaged with the teeth of the ring gear;
a gear unit casing having an inner circumferential region;
a gear unit output shaft;
a first pinion cage;
a second pinion cage with a secondary sun wheel;
secondary planetary gears secured to the second pinion cage;
a plate positioned within the inner circumferential region independent of the direct current motor, the plate having a sun wheel thrust surface for retaining the first sun wheel in place within the gear casing, the plate having a region for axially retaining the secondary sun wheel, the first and secondary planetary gears and the first and second pinion cages in the gear unit casing, the plate provided with a shaft passage to form a preassembled planetary gear unit; and the first sun wheel having a central shaft receptacle which is formed with a positive fit contour acting in the rotation direction and coupled in a rotationally fixed manner with the motor shaft via a corresponding positive fit contour.

US Pat. No. 10,458,514

FEED CONVEYOR BELT AND COUPLER

1. A belt and coupler arrangement for a feederhouse feed conveyor of an agricultural harvester, the arrangement comprising:an elongate belt having an elongate web with a first end and a second end, wherein the first end and the second end are thicker than the elongate web; and
a coupler comprising:
a first elongate recess to receive and enclose the first end, wherein the first elongate recess has a first elongate gap defined by first and second lips that are opposed;
a second elongate recess to receive and enclose the second end, wherein the second elongate recess has a second elongate gap defined by third and fourth lips that are opposed, the second elongate gap being separate from the first elongate gap;
a first plate having the first and third lips;
a second plate having the second and fourth lips;
a first pin positioned in the first elongate gap for maintaining the first end of the elongate belt in the first elongate gap; and
a second pin positioned in the second elongate gap for maintaining the second end of the elongate belt in the second elongate gap.

US Pat. No. 10,458,511

ANTI-VIBRATION DEVICE

BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION, ...

1. An anti-vibration device comprising:a tubular first attachment member configured to be connected to one of a vibration generating portion and a vibration receiving portion;
a second attachment member configured to be connected to another one of the vibration generating portion and the vibration receiving portion;
an elastic body connecting the first attachment member and the second attachment member to each other; and
a separating member separating a liquid-filled liquid chamber inside the first attachment member into a main liquid chamber on one side in an axial direction and a secondary liquid chamber on another side in the axial direction, at least a portion of the main liquid chamber being enclosed by the elastic body, and at least a portion of the secondary liquid chamber being enclosed by a diaphragm, wherein:
a tapered surface decreasing in diameter towards the another side in the axial direction is formed on an end on the another side in the axial direction of an outermost circumferential surface of the separating member,
a bend portion bent to follow the tapered surface is formed on an end on the another side in the axial direction of the first attachment member, and
an end on an outer circumferential side of the diaphragm is sandwiched between the tapered surface and the bend portion,
wherein:
the separating member includes an engaged portion formed on the tapered surface of the separating member, and
the diaphragm includes an engaging portion, which engages with the engaged portion, formed on the end on the outer circumferential side of the diaphragm, and
wherein the engaged portion is located between an outer circumferential end of the tapered surface and an inner circumferential end of the tapered surface.

US Pat. No. 10,458,509

DAMPING VALVE AND SHOCK ABSORBER

KYB Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A damping valve, comprising:a valve element member including a pressure control valve element and an open/close valve element, the pressure control valve element being seated on and liftable from a pressure control valve seat to open and close a flow passage, the open/close valve element being seated on and liftable from an open/close valve seat to open and close a downstream side of the flow passage with respect to a part opened and closed by the pressure control valve element;
an elastic member interposed between a spring receiver and the valve element member, the elastic member being configured to bias the valve element member in a direction in which the pressure control valve element separates from the pressure control valve seat and in which the open/close valve element approaches the open/close valve seat; and
a solenoid configured to be capable of driving the valve element member against a biasing force by the elastic member in a direction in which the pressure control valve element approaches the pressure control valve seat, wherein
in a state in which the elastic member has a natural length and an elastic biasing force is not acting on the valve element member, a clearance is formed between the open/close valve element and the open/close valve seat in the biasing direction of the elastic member, and
the valve element member is elastically biased only by the elastic member in the direction in which the open/close valve element approaches the open/close valve seat.

US Pat. No. 10,458,507

FRONT FORK

KYB MOTORCYCLE SUSPENSION...

1. A front fork comprising:a fork main body having an annular outer tube and an annular inner tube that is inserted into the outer tube such that the inner tube can freely move in an axial direction of the inner tube;
a damper cartridge having:
a cylinder which is provided in the fork main body and in which a fluid chamber filled with hydraulic fluid is formed;
a piston rod that freely moves in the axial direction through the inside of the cylinder;
a piston that is mounted on the piston rod and partitions the inside of the cylinder into an extension-side chamber and a contraction-side chamber; and
a rod guide which is mounted on an end of the cylinder and guides the piston rod, the rod guide including a fluid filling port through which the hydraulic fluid passes between an outside of the cylinder and the fluid chamber; and
a closing member that is provided on the rod guide and maintains the fluid filling port in a closed position while the front fork is in operation so that the hydraulic fluid is not allowed to pass the fluid filling port.

US Pat. No. 10,458,505

CYLINDER ROD

KOMATSU LTD., Tokyo (JP)...

1. A cylinder rod of a hydraulic cylinder, comprising:a body portion having a bar shape; and
a head portion arranged at a longitudinal end of the body portion;
the body portion having a coating formed on an outer peripheral surface thereof,
the coating including, in terms of area ratio in cross section, not less than 56.1% and not more than 84.4% of a chromium carbide phase, with the remainder consisting of a nickel-based alloy phase and an oxide phase, and
the nickel-based alloy phase is comprised of a nickel-based alloy selected from the group consisting of:
(a) a nickel-based alloy that contains not less than 26% by mass and not more than 30% by mass of molybdenum and not less than 2% by mass and not more than 8% by mass of iron, with a remainder consisting of nickel and unavoidable impurities;
(b) a nickel-based alloy that contains not less than 13% by mass and not more than 20% by mass of molybdenum, not less than 13% by mass and not more than 18% by mass of chromium, not less than 2% by mass and not more than 8% by mass of iron, and not less than 2% by mass and not more than 5% by mass of tungsten, with a remainder consisting of nickel and unavoidable impurities;
(c) a nickel-based alloy that contains not less than 20% by mass and not more than 23% by mass of chromium and not less than 8% by mass and not more than 10% by mass of molybdenum, with a remainder consisting of nickel and unavoidable impurities; and
(d) a nickel-based alloy that contains not less than 20% by mass and not more than 23% by mass of chromium and not less than 8% by mass and not more than 10% by mass of molybdenum, and further contains not less than 3% by mass and not more than 4.5% by mass in total of at least one of niobium and tantalum, and not more than 5% by mass of iron, with a remainder consisting of nickel and unavoidable impurities.

US Pat. No. 10,458,504

SHOCK-ABSORBING DEVICE

SAES GETTERS S.P.A., Lai...

1. A shock-absorbing device comprising:a first holding element and a plurality of slender metallic structures having a first end and a second end, wherein the slender metallic structures are respectively fixed at their first ends to said first holding element, wherein the slender metallic structures are fixed at different points of said holding element, wherein:
a second holding element and wherein second ends of said slender metallic structures opposite to their first ends are fixed to said second holding element, said slender metallic structures being respectively fixed at different points of said second holding element,
said slender metallic structures respectively having a slenderness ratio equal to or higher than 10, wherein:
the mutual distance between the slender metallic structures of at least one pair of slender metallic structures is equal to or lower than 0.75 times their length L, said distance being measured with respect to their first ends,
at least 90% of the planes perpendicular to adjacent slender structures are parallel to each other or form an angle equal to or lower than 20°,
the slender metallic structures are flat laminar or sheet elements or straight filiform or wire elements,
at least 90% of the slender metallic structures are made of shape memory metal,
said length L is between 3 mm and 30 cm,
the ratio between the area occupied by the slender metallic structures and the overall surface area of the holding element to which the slender metallic structures are fixed is equal to or higher than 10?4, and
the slender metallic structures are arranged so as to absorb energy of impacts acting in a direction perpendicular to planes that are in turn perpendicular to the slender structures.

US Pat. No. 10,458,501

DESIGNS AND MANUFACTURING METHODS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT HYPERDAMPING MATERIALS PROVIDING LARGE ATTENUATION OF BROADBAND-FREQUENCY STRUCTURE-BORNE SOUND

Ohio State Innovation Fou...

1. A wave attenuation device, comprising:an elastic material including a plurality of structural members, the plurality of structural members separated by at least two voids formed in the elastic material,
the elastic material under a stress constraint in which each structural member from the plurality of structural members is subjected to an inwardly directed load that places that structural member near a buckling condition.

US Pat. No. 10,458,499

MULTI-CALIPER BRAKE ASSEMBLY PER ROTOR

Akebono Brake Industry Co...

1. A brake system comprising:a. a rotor; and
b. two or more brake assemblies in communication with the rotor, the two or more brake assemblies each including:
i. a caliper;
ii. a piston assembly located within the caliper; and
iii. a motor gear unit in communication with the caliper and configured to move the piston assembly to create a braking force;
wherein one or both of the piston assemblies are moved during a service brake apply or release;
wherein one or both of the piston assemblies are moved during a parking brake apply or release; and
wherein a controller powers a first and a second of the two or more brake assemblies and the controller powers both the first and the second of the two or more brake assemblies until brake pads of the two or more brake assemblies contact a rotor and then the controller alternates power between the first and the second of the two or more brake assemblies.

US Pat. No. 10,458,497

HYBRID ELECTRIC AND HYDRAULIC BRAKE SYSTEM

GOODRICH CORPORATION, Ch...

1. A braking system, comprising:a brake stack having a force plate coupled to a heatsink;
a first electromechanical actuator having a first hydraulic chamber in fluid communication with a first piston configured for contact with the force plate;
a second electromechanical actuator having a second hydraulic chamber in fluid communication with a second piston configured for contact with the force plate;
a third electromechanical actuator having a third hydraulic chamber in fluid communication with a third piston configured for contact with the force plate;
a first conduit extending between, and in fluid communication with, the first hydraulic chamber and the second hydraulic chamber, wherein the first hydraulic chamber is in fluid communication with the second hydraulic chamber through the first conduit;
a first valve disposed within the first conduit and configured to equalize hydraulic pressure between the first hydraulic chamber and the second hydraulic chamber when the first valve is in a first open position;
a second conduit extending between, and in fluid communication with, the second hydraulic chamber and the third hydraulic chamber, wherein the second hydraulic chamber is in fluid communication with the third hydraulic chamber through the second conduit;
a second valve disposed within the second conduit and configured to equalize hydraulic pressure between the second hydraulic chamber and the third hydraulic chamber when the second valve is in a second open position,
wherein the first electromechanical actuator and the second electromechanical actuator actuate independently in response to the first valve being in a first valve closed position and the second valve being in a second valve closed position.

US Pat. No. 10,458,494

BUSHING FOR BRAKE CALIPER GUIDE ROD FASTENERS

Kelsey-Hayes Company, Li...

1. A vehicle disc brake assembly comprising:an anchor bracket configured to be secured to a vehicle, the anchor bracket having a pair of spaced apart non-threaded bores formed therein, the pair of spaced apart non-threaded bores each defining an axial centerline of the respective bore, the axial centerlines of the pair of spaced apart non-threaded bores being spaced apart by a first distance; and
a brake caliper configured to be slidably supported relative to the anchor bracket by a pair of spaced apart guide rod members, the pair of spaced apart guide rod members each defining an axial centerline, the axial centerlines of the pair of spaced apart guide rod members being spaced apart by a second distance which is different from the first distance;
wherein each guide rod member includes a guide rod and a fastener, the guide rod configured to be disposed in each of the spaced apart non-threaded bores of the anchor bracket, the fastener configured to be disposed in a bore of a lug of the brake caliper and having a threaded portion configured to extend through the bore of the lug of the brake caliper and be threadably secured to the guide rod to thereby slidably support the brake caliper relative to the anchor bracket; and
in which there is a first axial clearance between the lug and the guide rod and a second axial clearance between the lug and the fastener.

US Pat. No. 10,458,493

CONTROL DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD

FUJITSU TEN Limited, Kob...

1. A control device comprising:a storage configured to store information of a hysteresis area of an actuator, the hysteresis area being a performance region of the actuator within which a driving amount of the actuator is maintained at a predetermined target driving amount of the actuator and a driving current supplied to the actuator is changed; and
a processor configured to:
select a control mode from a plurality of control modes based on a state of an apparatus within which the actuator is disposed;
determine a value of the driving current based on a target current value such that the driving amount of the actuator corresponds to the predetermined target driving amount;
supply the determined driving current according to the target current value to the actuator based on the control mode while maintaining the driving amount of the actuator at the predetermined target driving amount; and
upon determining that the driving amount of the actuator equals the predetermined target driving amount based on a detected driving amount detected by a sensor, determine the target current value based on the selected control mode and the driving amount of the actuator performing within the hysteresis area associated with the predetermined target driving amount.

US Pat. No. 10,458,492

POWER TRANSFER DEVICE FOR VEHICLE AND CONTROL METHOD OF POWER TRANSFER DEVICE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A power transfer device for a vehicle, the power transfer device comprising:a friction clutch configured to adjust a transmission torque to be transmitted from an input rotary member to an output rotary member;
a motor;
a worm speed-reduction gear mechanism including a worm that is provided on a shaft of the motor and a worm wheel that meshes with the worm;
a conversion mechanism configured to generate a pressing force in the friction clutch by converting a rotary motion of the worm wheel into a linear motion; and
an electronic control unit configured to control a rotation angle of the motor, the electronic control unit being configured to repeatedly execute rapid increase control and gradual reduction control when the friction clutch is to be maintained in a fully engaged state such that the input rotary member and the output rotary member rotate integrally,
the rapid increase control being a control mode in which the rotation angle of the motor is increased to a first rotation angle at a first speed gradient, the first rotation angle being larger than a required rotation angle that is required to maintain the friction clutch in the fully engaged state,
the gradual reduction control being a control mode in which the rotation angle of the motor having been increased by the rapid increase control is reduced to a second rotation angle at a second speed gradient, the second rotation angle being larger than or equal to the required rotation angle and smaller than the first rotation angle, the second speed gradient being smaller than the first speed gradient.

US Pat. No. 10,458,489

SELECTABLE ONE-WAY CLUTCH

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A selectable one-way clutch comprising:a pocket plate having multiple accommodating recessed portions in one surface of an annular plate portion of the pocket plate;
an annular notch plate configured to be relatively rotatable with respect to the pocket plate, the notch plate being provided with multiple engagement recessed portions on a surface thereof opposite to the surface of the pocket plate in which the accommodating recessed portions are provided;
plate-like engagement pieces accommodated in the accommodating recessed portions; and
an annular cover plate being fixed to the pocket plate in a state in which the cover plate faces the surface of the pocket plate provided with the accommodating recessed portions of the pocket plate, the cover plate having multiple through-holes through which one end portions of the engagement pieces project toward an engagement recessed portion side,
the one end portions of the engagement pieces including engagement surfaces configured to be engaged with the engagement recessed portions, and projecting portions configured to project in a length direction of the engagement pieces from the engagement surfaces so as to come into contact with one surface of the cover plate,
the engagement pieces being configured such that in a state in which the projecting portions are in contact with the one surface of the cover plate, the engagement surfaces come into an erect state in which the engagement surfaces project toward the notch plate side from the other surface of the cover plate,
at least one of the pocket plate and the notch plate being configured to move in a rotation axis direction of the notch plate,
and
by changing a distance in the axial direction between the pocket plate and the notch plate, the selectable one-way clutch being configured to carry out switching between an out-of-engagement state in which the engagement pieces in the erect state are out of engagement with the engagement recessed portions and a one-way clutch state in which the engagement pieces in the erect state come into engagement with the engagement recessed portions.

US Pat. No. 10,458,488

ONE-WAY CLUTCH

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. A one-way clutch comprising:an inner ring;
an outer ring;
a plurality of rollers provided between the inner ring and the outer ring;
an annular cage that holds the rollers; and
springs each bias a corresponding one of the rollers toward a first side in a circumferential direction of the one-way clutch, wherein
the inner ring has a first rib portion located at a terminal end of the inner ring on a first side in an axial direction and protruding outward in a radial direction,
the outer ring has a second rib portion located on the first side in the axial direction and protruding inward in the radial direction, the second rib portion being on the first side in the axial direction with respect to the first rib portion,
the cage has a pair of annular portions, one of the annular portions provided on the first side and the other provided on a second side in the axial direction with respect to the rollers, and a plurality of cage bars coupling the annular portions together,
the annular portion on the first side in the axial direction has an abutting contact surface that comes into abutting contact with the first rib portion in the axial direction, and
the first rib portion has an annular surface that is perpendicular to the axial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,458,481

TORQUE-REDUCING SLEEVE FOR A HYDRANT STEM

Mueller International, LL...

1. A hydrant system comprising:a hydrant body defining an internal cavity and a central axis, the hydrant body comprising a first constraining portion and a second constraining portion, the hydrant installed and configured to be installed at a bury depth of at least 8 feet 6 inches;
an upper stem positioned at least partly within the internal cavity, an axis of the upper stem substantially fixed about the central axis at the first constraining portion;
a lower stem positioned at least partly within the internal cavity, an axis of the lower stem substantially fixed about the central axis at the second constraining portion; and
a stem coupling securing the upper stem to the lower stem, the stem coupling comprising a coupling body defining a main bore extending from a first end of the stem coupling to a second end of the stem coupling, the main bore sized to receive the upper stem and the lower stem, the coupling body defining a plurality of break-away features, the coupling body comprising an upper portion and a lower portion, the upper portion defining an upper portion length from a center of the plurality of break-away features to the first end of the stem coupling and the lower portion defining a lower portion length from the center of the plurality of break-away features to the second end of the stem coupling, the coupling body defining an internal shoulder proximate to an intersection of the upper portion and the lower portion, the internal shoulder defining a shoulder bore defining a shoulder bore diameter, the shoulder bore diameter being less than an outer diameter of an end of the lower stem that is proximate to the stem coupling, the hydrant defining an upper free length from the center of the plurality of break-away features of the stem coupling to the first constraining portion and defining a lower free length from the center of the plurality of break-away features to the second constraining portion, the upper portion length equal to at least 12 percent of the upper free length of the hydrant but no greater than the upper free length of the hydrant and the lower portion length equal to at least 10 percent of the lower free length of the hydrant but no greater than the lower free length of the hydrant, both the upper stem and the lower stem unsupported between the first constraining portion and the second constraining portion.

US Pat. No. 10,458,480

CONSTANT VELOCITY JOINT AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. A constant velocity joint comprising:a bottomed cylindrical outer joint member having an opening at one side in an axial direction and having a concave spherical inner circumferential surface provided with a plurality of outer ball grooves;
an inner joint member located inside the outer joint member and having a convex spherical outer circumferential surface provided with a plurality of inner ball grooves;
a plurality of balls that roll in the plurality of outer ball grooves and the plurality of inner ball grooves; and
a cage located between the inner circumferential surface of the outer joint member and the outer circumferential surface of the inner joint member to accommodate the plurality of balls, wherein
each of the plurality of outer ball grooves includes a first ball groove and a second ball groove, the first ball groove allowing a corresponding one of the plurality of balls to roll therein when the constant velocity joint operates, the second ball groove located closer to the opening than the first ball groove and having a ball groove radius larger than a ball groove radius of the first ball groove,
the second ball groove has a curved line and a connecting line in an axial cross section passing through a bottom of a corresponding one of the plurality of outer ball grooves, the curved line connected to a groove bottom end of the first ball groove and curved radially outward in a concave manner, the groove bottom end being an end of a bottom of the first ball groove located closer to the opening than to a bottom of the outer joint member, the connecting line connecting the curved line and the opening, and
the curved line is curved with a center of curvature that is located closer to the opening than the groove bottom end of the first ball groove and that is located radially inside the outer joint member.

US Pat. No. 10,458,470

COMPACT BEARING ASSEMBLIES INCLUDING SUPERHARD BEARING SURFACES, BEARING APPARATUSES, AND METHODS OF USE

US SYNTHETIC CORPORATION,...

14. A power generation unit, comprising:a shaft;
a housing defining a recess;
a bearing apparatus including:
a first bearing assembly connected to or integrally formed with the shaft, the first bearing assembly including:
a first support structure substantially centered about an axis and including a top surface;
a first substrate;
wherein the first support structure defines a recess positioned about the axis that includes at least a portion of the first substrate secured therein, the recess extending inwardly from the top surface;
a first superhard body substantially centered about the axis and bonded to the first substrate at an interface therebetween, the first superhard body protruding above the top surface of the support structure, the first superhard body defining a convex radial-bearing surface and a top surface that intersects the axis, at least a portion of the first superhard body exhibiting a thickness of about 0.25 inches to about 0.50 inches; and
a second bearing assembly including:
a second support structure that is distinct from the housing and at least partially disposed in the recess of the housing;
a second superhard body secured to the second support structure, the second superhard body including an opening defined by a concave radial-bearing surface, the concave radial bearing surface sized and configured to engage the convex radial-bearing surface of the first superhard body.

US Pat. No. 10,458,469

BEARING UNIT

1. A large sized bearing unit, comprising,a rolling bearing having a first ring element and a second ring element and a plurality of rolling elements interposed radially in-between the first and the second ring elements such that the first and the second ring elements can rotate relative each other in relation to a rotational axle, wherein
the first ring element provides at least two separate ring elements that are located adjacently in a row along the rotational axle,
at least one ring-formed support element that is at least partly embedding the at least two separate ring elements and includes a seat surface onto which the at least two separate ring elements are located, wherein
the at least one ring-formed support element further provides two axially opposite side surfaces extending radially from the seat surface to thereby partly enclose the at least two separate ring elements, wherein
at least one of the axially opposite side surfaces is located on a separate ring-formed element of the at least one ring-formed support element, the separate ring-formed element providing an L-shape as seen in an axial cross section that coincides with the rotational axis, and wherein
the side surfaces are in pressurized contact with corresponding axially outer side surfaces of the at least two separate ring elements in order to press them together to thereby set a specific preload or clearance to the rolling bearing.

US Pat. No. 10,458,468

CAM FOLLOWER FOR HIGH AXIAL LOAD APPLICATIONS

Roller Bearing Company of...

1. A roller assembly for a cam follower or a yoke roller, the roller assembly comprising:an outer ring having an interior area, the interior area being defined by an inner surface extending between a first axial end and a second axial end of the outer ring, the inner surface having a radially inward facing bearing surface extending between a first radially inwardly extending flange and a second radially inwardly extending flange, the first radially inwardly extending flange has a first axially inward facing abutment surface and the second radially inwardly extending flange has a second axially inward facing abutment surface;
a one piece shaft extending into the interior area, the shaft extending continuously between a third axial end and a fourth axial end of the shaft, the shaft having a head flange extending radially outward from the shaft proximate the third axial end, the head flange having a third axially inward facing abutment surface, and the shaft having an exterior bearing surface, extending between the third axially inward facing abutment surface and a circumferential retainer receiving surface, the circumferential retainer receiving surface being located between the third axial end and the fourth axial end;
a first row of a plurality of first rollers positioned in the interior area between and in rolling engagement with the exterior bearing surface and the radially inward facing bearing surface;
a second row of a plurality of second rollers positioned in the interior area between and in rolling engagement with the exterior bearing surface and the radially inward facing bearing surface;
a spacer ring disposed around and engaging the exterior bearing surface, the spacer ring being positioned between the first row of the plurality of first rollers and the second row of the plurality of second rollers;
a retainer ring secured to the retainer receiving surface, the retainer ring having a fourth axially inward facing abutment surface;
the outer ring being axially retained on the first row of the plurality of first rollers and the second row of the plurality of second rollers by and between the first axially inward facing abutment surface and the second axially inward facing abutment surface; and
the first row of the plurality of first rollers, the spacer and the second row of the plurality of second rollers being axially retained on the shaft by and between the third axially inward facing abutment surface and the fourth axially inward facing abutment surface such that the roller assembly withstands an axial load of up to 100 percent of an applied radial load.

US Pat. No. 10,458,465

CAM FOLLOWER ROLLER DEVICE

1. A cam follower roller device comprising:a tappet extending along a longitudinal axis and including a cylindrical tappet body defining a bore,
a rolling assembly arranged within the bore, and having:
a support body including a base and two longitudinal flanges that are diametrically opposed and that extend longitudinally from the base in the bore of the cylindrical tappet body,
a pin centered on a transverse axis and including two opposite ends, each adapted to be supported by the two longitudinal flanges of the support body, and
a roller rotatably mounted on the pin around the transverse axis, wherein
each of the two longitudinal flanges of the support body is provided with an outwardly protruding portion that extends transversally from each of the two longitudinal flanges towards the cylindrical tappet body, and wherein
the cylindrical tappet body provides a support diametrically opposed and having each a transverse surface that cooperates with the outwardly protruding portion of the support body to longitudinally block the support body.

US Pat. No. 10,458,462

STEERING COLUMN ENGINEERED TAPE

ThyssenKrupp Presta AG, ...

1. A steering column assembly for a motor vehicle, the steering column assembly comprising:a box rocker having a rocker body including a box rocker inner surface that defines a box rocker bore, the box rocker configured to be fixed relative to the motor vehicle in an assembled position;
a column jacket configured to be slidably received into the box rocker bore, the column jacket having a column jacket outer diameter including an outer surface that opposes the box rocker inner surface the column jacket being translatable within the box rocker bore between first and second positions; and
a first section of tape disposed between the box rocker inner surface and the column jacket outer surface wherein the first section of tape mitigates wear between the column jacket and the box rocker during translation of the column jacket within the box rocker bore.

US Pat. No. 10,458,456

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MAKING AND USING A FITTED CAP FOR APPLYING A SHAPED SEALANT SHROUD TO A PORTION OF A FASTENER

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. A system for applying a shaped sealant shroud to a portion of a fastener, the system comprising:a fitted cap, comprising a wall and positionable over the portion of the fastener such that a uniform gap is formed between the wall and the portion of the fastener, wherein the fitted cap further comprises:
an inlet opening, fully penetrating the wall, such that the inlet opening is configured to be communicatively coupled with the uniform gap; and
a vent, fully penetrating the wall, such that the vent is configured to be communicatively coupled with the uniform gap, wherein the inlet opening and the vent are spaced apart from each other along the wall; and
a cap-manipulation tool, comprising a shaft, wherein:
the shaft has a longitudinal central axis and comprises a through, circumferentially closed, channel, configured to receive sealant and to communicate the sealant therethrough; and
the cap-manipulation tool is configured to couple to the fitted cap such that:
the through, circumferentially closed, channel of the shaft is capable of communicating the sealant through the inlet opening of the fitted cap into the uniform gap;
the vent is oriented to purge gas from the uniform gap as the sealant is communicated through the through, circumferentially closed, channel into the uniform gap; and
the fitted cap is rotatable together with the shaft about the longitudinal central axis of the shaft to distribute the sealant in the uniform gap to form the shaped sealant shroud around the portion of the fastener.

US Pat. No. 10,458,454

STRUCTURAL ASSEMBLY HAVING INJECTION-BONDED JOINT AND METHOD OF FORMING

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method of forming an injection-bonded joint, comprising the steps of:providing a first part having opposing inner and outer surfaces, and a second part having opposing inner and outer surfaces, a second part upper edge and a second part lower edge;
disposing a respective one of the inner and outer surfaces of the second part parallel or concentric to a corresponding respective one of the inner and outer surfaces of the first part;
forming a chamber wall within a bondline region between mating opposing inner and outer surfaces of the first part and the second part, the chamber wall dividing a bondline length of the bondline region and defining at least one adhesive chamber;
forming a bondline dam along each of the second part upper edge and the second part lower edge in a manner such that the chamber wall, the bondline dams, and the mating surfaces collectively enclose the adhesive chamber having a chamber upper edge and a chamber lower edge;
injecting a structural adhesive into each adhesive chamber through an injection port formed in the second part;
discharging excess structural adhesive from each adhesive chamber through a bleed hole located between the first and second parts and formed within the bondline dam of the adhesive chamber along the second part upper edge; and
collecting the excess structural adhesive in an adhesive reservoir fluidly coupled to each bleed hole, each adhesive reservoir being formed as one of a vertical column comprising a longitudinally-extending channel attached to the respective inner or outer surface of the first part, and a shelf attached to the corresponding respective inner or outer surface of the second part and projecting therefrom, adjacent the second part upper edge.

US Pat. No. 10,458,450

OPTICAL PROBE WITH CRASH PROTECTION AND PROBE CLIPS

Hexagon Metrology, Inc., ...

1. A probe head for a coordinate measuring machine, the probe head comprising:a mount;
a probe platform configured to support at least one probe, the probe platform movably suspended from the mount;
a housing movably suspended from the mount and at least partially surrounding the probe platform, or a probe suspended from the probe platform; and
a sensor operably coupled between the mount and the probe platform such that displacement of the probe platform relative to the mount is transmitted to the sensor,
the mount, the sensor, and the probe platform configured so that contact between: A) the probe platform or a probe coupled to the probe platform, and B) an object causes a change in an electrical property of the sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,458,446

MATERIAL FLOW AMPLIFIER

Vortex Pipe Systems LLC, ...

1. A material flow amplifier, comprising:an amplifier body having a flow expander, a vortex chamber and, a flow mixer all in fluid communication with each other for forming a fluid flow path therethrough, wherein the vortex chamber extends from the flow expander and wherein the flow mixer extends from the vortex chamber wherein the flow expander, the vortex chamber and the flow mixer are all concentric with each other and wherein a centerline axis of the vortex chamber is curved;
at least one helix vane within the vortex chamber extending at least intermittently from a helix vane first end proximate the flow expander to a helix vane second end proximate the flow mixer, wherein at least a portion of an outer edge portion of the at least one helix vane is attached to an interior surface of the amplifier body within the vortex chamber; and
a centralizer tube within the amplifier body extending at least a portion of the length of the vortex chamber, wherein at least a portion of an inner edge portion of the at least one helix vane is attached to an exterior surface of the centralizer tube.

US Pat. No. 10,458,445

DEVICE FOR RELIEVING PRESSURE IN HYDRAULICS LINES

1. A device for relieving pressure in hydraulic lines of attachments having hydraulically actuatable actuators and working implements, the device comprising:a control block with a first line coupler connectable to a hydraulic line to be relieved of pressure therein;
an openable non-return valve in said control block operable as a pressure relief valve, said non-return valve having a movable closing body;
a pressure accumulator in said control block and having a relief volume in an accumulator housing configured to hold fluid from said first line coupler when said non-return valve is open to provide fluid communication between said first line coupler and said relief volume, said pressure accumulator having an axially movable accumulator piston in said accumulator housing, said closing body and said accumulator piston being independently movable; and
a manually movable actuating member coupled to said non-return valve and movable in said accumulator housing to open said non-return valve.

US Pat. No. 10,458,443

ACTUATOR HAVING AN INTERNAL CONDUCTIVE PATH

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. An actuator comprising:a piston including a piston shaft;
a housing, wherein the piston is configured to reciprocate within a chamber of the housing;
a gland electrically coupled to the housing and surrounding the piston shaft;
a conductor that at least partially encircles the piston shaft, the conductor electrically coupled to the piston and the gland to electrically couple the piston to the housing via the gland as the piston reciprocates within the chamber, wherein the conductor comprises a plurality of spring fingers arranged in a ring around the piston shaft; and
a retainer coupled to the gland and surrounding the piston shaft, the retainer configured to retain the conductor in electrical contact with the gland.

US Pat. No. 10,458,435

VIBRATION DAMPER STRUCTURE AND FAN THEREOF

ASIA VITAL COMPONENTS CO....

1. A vibration damper structure applied to a fan having at least one bearing, the vibration damper structure comprising:a support body having an upper end supporting the bearing and a lower end formed with a stepped section and a restriction section formed on an outer circumference of the stepped section;
a fixing seat having a tubular section and a fixing section disposed on an outer circumference of the tubular section, the tubular section having a protrusion end corresponding to the outer circumference of the stepped section and defining an axial cushion gap with the restriction section and a receiving space having a bottom section, where the stepped section is fitted in the protrusion end; and
an elastic member disposed in the receiving space of the tubular section and positioned between the support body and the fixing seat, the elastic member having a first support end in contact with the lower end of the support body and a second support end in contact with the bottom section of the receiving space.

US Pat. No. 10,458,433

CO-MOLDED METALLIC FAN CASE CONTAINMENT RING

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A method of fabricating a fan case for a gas turbine engine, the method comprising:providing a metallic ring including an outer surface and an inner surface;
wrapping a first composite material about the outer surface of the metallic ring;
inserting the metallic ring wrapped in the first composite material at an axial position within a cylinder formed from a second composite material that is different than the first composite material;
forming a first subassembly by curing the first composite material and the second material about the metallic ring within a tool, wherein the tool applies heat and pressure to the first composite material, the second composite material and the metallic ring; and
removing the first subassembly from the tool.

US Pat. No. 10,458,431

VOLUTES FOR ENGINE MOUNTED BOOST STAGES

Hamilton Sundstrand Corpo...

1. A volute for a jet engine mounted boost pump comprising:a circumferentially extending volute defining a plurality of cross sections defined in a housing, wherein the cross sections are defined by a set of dimensions set out in at least one of TABLES 1-3, wherein Alpha is an angular measure circumferentially around the volute starting from a point where a diffuser section is tangent to a main volute section, h is a radial channel span distance in the volute, h_0 is a radial span in an exit bend of the volute, rbase is a radius from an axis of rotation of an impeller that rotates within the pump housing to a radially inward extreme of the volute, b is a volute thickness measured in a direction parallel to the axis, R is an inner radius of the exit bend of the volute measured from a point C having Cartesian coordinates O1_X, O2_Y, and O3_Z, and Beta is an angle angular measure circumferentially around the point C of radius R measured starting from an angle 10° from being parallel to alpha equals 0°.

US Pat. No. 10,458,426

AIRCRAFT FAN WITH LOW PART-SPAN SOLIDITY

General Electric Company,...

1. A method of operating a fan of the type including a disk disposed inside an annular casing, the disk rotatable about an axial centerline and carrying a row of fan blades, wherein each of the fan blades includes an airfoil having spaced-apart pressure and suction sides extending radially in span from a root to a tip, and extending axially in chord between spaced-apart leading and trailing edges, the row including no more than 21 and no less than 13 of the fan blades, wherein each of the fan blades has a solidity defined by a ratio of the airfoil chord to a circumferential pitch of the fan blades, measured at 90% of a radial distance from the axial centerline, to the tip, of no greater than about 1.2 and no less than about 1.0, the method comprising:powering the fan to propel an aircraft in level cruise flight, such that a relative Mach number at the tips of the fan blades is greater than 1.0, and such that a ratio of the solidity measured at 90% of the radial distance from the axial centerline to the tip, to the relative Mach number at the same radial location, is less than about 0.90.

US Pat. No. 10,458,420

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING MOTOR-DRIVEN COMPRESSOR CONFIGURED TO BE INSTALLED IN VEHICLE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA J...

2. A motor-driven compressor configured to be installed in a vehicle, comprising:an electric motor driven with supply of electric power from a battery; and
a control section that controls drive of the electric motor, wherein
the control section has an upper limit value of an increase rate of a number of revolutions per unit time of the electric motor and an upper limit value of a decrease rate of the number of revolutions per unit time of the electric motor,
the control section sets a target number of revolutions and controls the electric motor to be driven such that the number of revolutions of the electric motor becomes equal to the target number of revolutions,
if the control section sets the target number of revolutions to a number of revolutions of the electric motor requested by another control section, the control section changes the number of revolutions of the electric motor at an increase rate lower than or equal to the upper limit value of the increase rate or a decrease rate lower than or equal to the upper limit value of the decrease rate, and
if the control section sets the target number of revolutions to a number-of-revolution limit value determined based on a voltage of the battery, the control section is able to decrease the number of revolutions of the electric motor at a decrease rate that exceeds the upper limit value of the decrease rate.

US Pat. No. 10,458,418

CEILING FAN

PANASONIC ECOLOGY SYSTEMS...

1. A ceiling fan comprising:a body having a plurality of blades which are rotatable about a center of rotation, and an upper mounting pipe portion which extends upward along the center of rotation as a center axis thereof;
a suspender configured to be fixed to a ceiling;
a first pipe which is suspended from the suspender along the center of rotation of the plurality of blades as a center axis thereof, and suspends the body by the upper mounting pipe portion; and
a second pipe which is accommodated in an inside of a lower portion of the first pipe and into which an upper portion of the upper mounting pipe portion is inserted, wherein
the first pipe, the second pipe and the upper mounting pipe portion are connected to each other by a connecting bolt and a nut, the connecting bolt penetrating an overlapping part where the first pipe, the second pipe and the upper mounting pipe portion overlap with each other in the direction intersecting with the center axis, the nut being threadedly engaged with the connecting bolt,
the second pipe has a hollow projecting portion having a cylindrical shape or a partial cylindrical shape which projects from an outer peripheral surface of the second pipe in the direction intersecting with the center axis,
a recessed portion which is brought into contact with or is arranged close to an outer peripheral surface of the hollow projecting portion of the second pipe is provided on an edge of a lower opening of the first pipe,
a protruding portion which is brought into contact with or is arranged close to an inner peripheral surface of the hollow projecting portion of the second pipe is provided on an outer peripheral surface of the upper mounting pipe portion, and
at least the relative movement among the first pipe, the second pipe, and the upper mounting pipe portion in the rotating direction of the plurality of blades is restricted by the hollow projecting portion of the second pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,458,417

CENTRIFUGAL FAN WITH AXIAL-FLOW WIND

DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC., ...

1. A centrifugal fan with axial-flow wind, comprising:a centrifugal fan wheel having:
a rotating core structure comprising a fan hub, an axle and a bottom plate, the axle being mounted on an internal side of the fan hub and installed in an axial direction of the fan hub, the bottom plate being extended in a radial direction of the fan hub; and
a plurality of centrifugal vanes arranged around the fan hub, each of the centrifugal vanes comprising a root portion installed on the bottom plate and a distal end extending from the root portion outwardly away from the axle and beyond an external periphery of the bottom plate;
a cover shell over an exterior of the centrifugal fan wheel, an internal side of the cover shell having a circular wind guide surface disposed around the rotating core structure and over the centrifugal vanes, and a wind inlet formed at a top of the cover shell; and
a fixed base provided for installing the centrifugal fan wheel and being coupled to the cover shell, a gap formed between a bottom of the cover shell and an external periphery of the fixed base defining a wind outlet,
wherein
the distal end is exposed to the wind outlet so that air is fed in the axial direction from the wind inlet and exited from the axial direction and along an external periphery of the centrifugal fan wheel,
the fan hub is connected to the bottom plate along a substantially circular connection line by a plurality of legs, the fan hub and the bottom plate comprise corresponding sidewalls that define a plurality of broken holes, the broken holes of the plurality of broken holes are separated from one another by the plurality of legs, and the broken holes of the plurality of broken holes are arranged around the fan hub along the substantially circular connection line, and
the distal end is twisted toward a forward direction of the centrifugal fan wheel so as to guide wind from a centrifugal direction to the axial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,458,414

AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRIC LIQUID PUMP

PIERBURG PUMP TECHNOLOGY ...

1. An automotive electric liquid pump comprising:a separation can comprising a radial inside which comprises a first static bearing ring;
a pump rotor;
a motor rotor configured to rotate in the separation can, the motor rotor comprising a radial outside which comprises a cylindrical rotor bearing ring, the first static bearing ring of the separation can being configured to correspond to the cylindrical rotor bearing ring of the motor rotor;
a first radial slide bearing defined by the cylindrical rotor bearing ring and the first static bearing ring;
motor coils configured to drive the motor rotor, the motor coils being arranged on a radial outside of the separation can; and
a separate rotor shaft configured to support the motor rotor, the separate rotor shaft being at least one of disposed radially inside the motor rotor and disposed along the axial length of the motor rotor,
wherein,
the first static bearing ring of the separation can and the cylindrical rotor bearing ring of the motor rotor are each arranged to at least partially overlap axially with the motor coils.

US Pat. No. 10,458,410

LOW-BACKPRESSURE ROTARY COMPRESSOR

GUANGDONG MEIZHI COMPRESS...

1. A low-backpressure rotary compressor, comprising:a shell defining an air exhausting port and an air returning port therein;
a compression mechanism disposed within the shell, and comprising:
a piston;
a cylinder assembly having at least one cylinder, each of the at least one cylinder being provided with said piston therein and having a sliding vane chamber, the sliding vane chamber being provided with an oil supply hole;
a main bearing disposed on a first end surface of the cylinder assembly;
a supplementary bearing disposed on a second end surface of the cylinder assembly; and
a sliding vane defining a front end abutting against a peripheral wall of the piston and a trailing end,
wherein the trailing end of the sliding vane stretches into or out of the sliding vane chamber when the sliding vane moves reciprocatingly, such that an interior volume of the sliding vane chamber changes between a maximum volume V2 and a minimum volume V1;
an oil separator configured to separate oil including lubricating oil and gas from a refrigerant discharged from the at least one cylinder; and
an oil pool configured to collect the lubricating oil separated by the oil separator, and communicating with the oil supply hole via an oil supply path for the sliding vane, wherein a ratio of the minimum volume V1 to the maximum volume V2 satisfies a following relationship: 35%?V1/V2?85%.

US Pat. No. 10,458,409

COMPRESSOR HAVING A SLEEVE GUIDE ASSEMBLY

Emerson Climate Technolog...

12. A compressor comprising:a shell;
a bearing housing fixed within the shell, the bearing housing including a central body and a plurality of arms extending radially outward from the central body, each of the plurality of the arms having a first aperture;
a non-orbiting scroll including a plurality of second apertures;
an orbiting scroll supported on the bearing housing and meshingly engaged with the non-orbiting scroll;
a plurality of bushings each having a third aperture, each of the plurality of second apertures in the non-orbiting scroll receiving at least two of the plurality of bushings; and
a plurality of fasteners rotatably securing the non-orbiting scroll relative to the bearing housing, each of the plurality of fasteners extending through the third apertures of the plurality of corresponding bushings and are received in a corresponding one of the first apertures in the bearing housing,
wherein an axial end of a first one of the at least two of the plurality of bushings inside each of the plurality of second apertures abuts an axial end of a second one of the at least two of the plurality of bushings inside each of the plurality of second apertures such that the first one of the at least two of the plurality of bushings is stacked upon the second one of the at least two of the plurality of bushings.

US Pat. No. 10,458,408

ROTARY COMPRESSOR HAVING COMMUNICATION PATH HOLE OVERLAP WITH DISCHARGE CHAMBER CONCAVE PORTION

FUJITSU GENERAL LIMITED, ...

1. A rotary compressor, comprising:a sealed vertically-placed cylindrical compressor housing in which a discharge pipe for discharging refrigerant is provided in an upper portion thereof and an upper inlet pipe and a lower inlet pipe for sucking refrigerant are provided in a side surface lower portion thereof; an accumulator which is fixed to a side portion of the compressor housing and is connected to the upper inlet pipe and the lower inlet pipe; a motor which is disposed in the compressor housing; and a compressing unit which is disposed in a lower side of the motor in the compressor housing, is driven by the motor to suck and compress refrigerant from the accumulator via the upper inlet pipe and the lower inlet pipe, and discharges the compressed refrigerant from the discharge pipe,
wherein the compressing unit includes
an annular upper cylinder and an annular lower cylinder,
an upper end plate which closes an upper side of the upper cylinder and a lower end plate which closes a lower side of the lower cylinder,
a intermediate partition plate which is disposed between the upper cylinder and the lower cylinder and closes a lower side of the upper cylinder and an upper side of the lower cylinder,
a rotation shaft which is supported by a main bearing unit provided on the upper end plate and a sub-bearing unit provided on the lower end plate and which is rotated by the motor,
an upper eccentric portion and a lower eccentric portion which are provided to the rotation shaft with a phase difference of 180° with respect to each other,
an upper piston which is fitted in the upper eccentric portion and revolves along an inner circumferential surface of the upper cylinder to form an upper cylinder chamber in the upper cylinder,
a lower piston which is fitted in the lower eccentric portion and revolves along an inner circumferential surface of the lower cylinder to form a lower cylinder chamber in the lower cylinder,
an upper vane which protrudes from an upper vane groove provided in the upper cylinder into the upper cylinder chamber and abuts on the upper piston to divide the upper cylinder chamber into an upper inlet chamber and an upper compression chamber,
a lower vane which protrudes from a lower vane groove provided in the lower cylinder into the lower cylinder chamber and abuts on the lower piston to divide the lower cylinder chamber into a lower inlet chamber and a lower compression chamber,
an upper end plate cover which covers the upper end plate, forms an upper end plate cover chamber between the upper end plate and the upper end plate cover, and includes an upper end plate cover discharge hole for communicating the upper end plate cover chamber and an inside portion of the compressor housing with each other,
a lower end plate cover which covers the lower end plate and forms a lower end plate cover chamber between the lower end plate and the lower end plate cover,
an upper discharge hole which is provided in the upper end plate and communicates the upper compression chamber and the upper end plate cover chamber with each other,
a lower discharge hole which is provided in the lower end plate and communicates the lower compression chamber and the lower end plate cover chamber with each other, and
a refrigerant path hole which passes through the lower end plate, the lower cylinder, the intermediate partition plate, the upper end plate and the upper cylinder and communicates the lower end plate cover chamber and the upper end plate cover chamber with each other, and
the rotary compressor, further comprising:
an upper discharge valve accommodation concave portion which is provided in the upper end plate and extends in a groove shape from a position of the upper discharge hole;
a lower discharge valve accommodation concave portion which is provided in the lower end plate and extends in a groove shape from a position of the lower discharge hole;
a reed valve type upper discharge valve of which a rear end portion is fixed by an upper rivet in the upper discharge valve accommodation concave portion and a front portion opens and closes the upper discharge hole and an upper discharge valve cap of which a rear end portion is overlapped with the upper discharge valve and is fixed in the upper discharge valve accommodation concave portion by the upper rivet and a front portion is warped to regulate opening degree of the upper discharge valve; and
a reed valve type lower discharge valve of which a rear end portion is fixed by a lower rivet in the lower discharge valve accommodation concave portion and a front portion opens and closes the lower discharge hole and a lower discharge valve cap of which a rear end portion is overlapped with the lower discharge valve and is fixed in the lower discharge valve accommodation concave portion by the lower rivet, a front portion is warped to regulate opening degree of the lower discharge valve, and is accommodated in the lower discharge valve accommodation concave portion,
wherein the lower end plate cover is formed in a flat plate shape,
wherein a lower discharge chamber concave portion is formed in the lower end plate so as to overlap the lower discharge hole side of the lower discharge valve accommodation concave portion, and the lower discharge chamber concave portion is formed in a fan-like range between a diametrical line which passes through a center of the sub-bearing unit and a midpoint of a line segment which connects a center of the lower discharge hole and a center of the lower rivet to each other and a diametrical line which is opened by a pitch angle 90° in a direction of the lower discharge hole about a center of the sub-bearing unit,
wherein at least a portion of the refrigerant path hole overlaps with the lower discharge chamber concave portion and is disposed at a position communicating with the lower discharge chamber concave portion, and
wherein the lower end plate cover chamber is configured by the lower discharge chamber concave portion and the lower discharge valve accommodation concave portion.

US Pat. No. 10,458,407

SCROLL COMPRESSOR WITH DIFFERENT CHAMFERED CORNERS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A scroll compressor, comprising:a fixed scroll including a first base plate portion and a first spiral blade provided to stand on one surface of the first base plate portion;
an orbiting scroll including a second base plate portion and a second spiral blade provided to stand on a surface of the second base plate portion opposite to the fixed scroll, and is configured to perform an orbiting motion with respect to the fixed scroll, the first spiral blade and the second spiral blade being in mesh with each other to form a compression chamber;
a first chamfered portion formed at each of both corner portions of a distal end portion of the first spiral blade;
a second chamfered portion formed at each of both corner portions of a distal end portion of the second spiral blade;
a third chamfered portion formed on each of both sides of a bottom portion of the first spiral blade, the third chamfered portion having a same shape as a shape of the second chamfered portion; and
a fourth chamfered portion formed on each of both sides of a bottom portion of the second spiral blade, the fourth chamfered portion having a same shape as a shape of the first chamfered portion,
a chamfer dimension of the first chamfered portion and a chamfer dimension of the second chamfered portion being different from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,458,401

HOUSING FOR A MOTOR OR COMPRESSOR

KNORR-BREMSE Systeme fuer...

1. A housing for a motor or compressor, comprising:an elongate crank chamber, which has two end surfaces, for accommodating a crankshaft; and
at least one cylinder chamber for accommodating a piston, wherein
the crank chamber has, in a first end surface, an opening through which the crankshaft is insertable into said crank chamber,
an inner diameter of the crank chamber narrows monotonously from the first end surface to the second end surface,
the housing is cast in one piece, and
the crank chamber tapers in the shape of a cone or frustum from the first end surface to the second end surface such that a shell of the cone or frustum is inclined with respect to its axis of symmetry by an angle of between 0.5 and 10 degrees.

US Pat. No. 10,458,400

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF AUTOMATIC PUMP OPERATION

ROM Acquisition Corporati...

1. A system for automatically setting up a truck-mounted pump driven by an engine for pumping operation, comprising:a transmission control having a visual indicator and coupled to a transmission of the truck;
a pump control having a visual indicator and coupled to the pump;
a plurality of visual indicators each associated with a particular vehicular control lever configured to set at least one of the pump, transmission, and brakes;
a master system control switch operable to receive operator input; and
a main controller in data communication with the transmission control, the pump control, and the master system control switch, the main controller receiving an input from the master system control switch to initiate a pump setup operation, and automatically transmitting alert signals to the visual indicators of the transmission control, and pump control, to provide visual guidance to an operator in the proper sequence of steps to prepare the vehicle for proper pumping operation by turning on/off the visual indicators in a proper sequence of pump setup operations, the main controller is operable to determine a set of vehicular conditions including the truck is stopped, its transmission is in neutral, and the emergency brake is on, prior to initiating pump setup operation.

US Pat. No. 10,458,397

LOOP LINKED SMART MORPHING ACTUATOR

1. A loop linked smart morphing actuator comprising:a first area morphed in a first pattern according to an external signal; and
a second area morphed in a second pattern according to the external signal,
wherein
the first area comprises a first unit cell morphed in a first direction,
the first unit cell is configured in a loop type knit structure including a first wire and a second wire, the second area comprises a second unit cell morphed in a second direction, and the second unit cell is configured in a loop type knit structure including a third wire and a fourth wire, and
the second direction is opposite to the first direction, and the second pattern is a pattern which has a symmetrical relationship with the first pattern and is provided opposite to the first pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,458,395

WIND TURBINE COUPLING TO MITIGATE TORQUE REVERSALS

PT TECH, LLC, Wadsworth,...

1. A method of providing torsional damping in a wind turbine drive system for a generator to reduce the magnitude and rapidity of torque reversals, and mitigate the resulting damaging impact loads on wind turbine drive system components, comprising:detecting a wind turbine drive system torque reversal exceeding a first preset threshold;
dissipating torsional wind-up energy in the wind turbine drive system while maintaining said reverse torque at said first preset threshold;
detecting a positive torque exceeding a second preset threshold;
returning the wind turbine drive system to forward operation; wherein detecting a wind turbine drive system torque reversal and dissipating torsional wind-up energy are achieved automatically by frictional slipping and
wherein an angle of torsional displacement of said wind turbine drive system is sufficient to cause said frictional slipping to effectively reduce the magnitude of reverse torque and slow a rate of torque reversal magnitude increase, and wherein said generator operates at speeds greater than 1000 rpm and said angle of torsional displacement exceeds 10 degrees.

US Pat. No. 10,458,390

METHOD FOR CONTINUOUSLY MAKING A HELICAL TYPE CURVED SHAPED TURBINE BLADE

1. A method for continuously making a curved shaped turbine blade from a sheet metal blank having an inner vertical edge, an outer edge generally parallel to said inner edge, and a top edge perpendicular to and joining said inner and outer edges, said inner vertical edge including a plurality of apertures in spatial relation positioned adjacent thereto, the method comprising the steps of:calculating an amount of stretch needed per unit length thereof for forming a curved outer edge on said sheet metal blank;
mounting said sheet metal blank on a metal forming press with said apertures in indexing position thereon;
digitally feeding the sheet metal blank over a first metal form to produce detents and indents starting a predetermined perpendicular distance from said inner edge on said sheet metal blank in said first metal form for providing the needed stretch from said starting distance to said outer edge of said sheet metal blank;
bending said stretched sheet metal blank over a second metal form to flatten the stretched indents and detents; and
cutting said stretched sheet metal blank to a predetermined length to form a bottom edge thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,458,388

WIND TURBINE BLADE, WIND TURBINE ROTOR, WIND TURBINE POWER GENERATING APPARATUS, AND METHOD OF MOUNTING VORTEX GENERATOR

MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRI...

1. A wind turbine blade, comprising:a blade body; and
a vortex generator mounted to a surface of the blade body,
wherein the vortex generator includes a plurality of fin sets, each fin set including a plurality of fins disposed so as to protrude from the surface of the blade body at different positions from one another in a blade spanwise direction, and
wherein the plurality of fin sets is positioned so that, in a planar development view of the surface of the blade body, an angle ? formed by a center axis of a blade root of the blade body with a line connecting two of the fin sets which are adjacent in the blade spanwise direction increases toward the blade root, at least in a part of a region of the blade body between a position of the blade root and a maximum chord-length position of the blade body in the blade spanwise direction.

US Pat. No. 10,458,385

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TIDAL ENERGY CONVERSION AND ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION USING A ROTATABLE DRAG PANEL

Big Moon Power, Inc., Sa...

1. A tidal energy conversion assembly comprising:a displacement vessel for lateral travel in the direction of tidal flow;
a drag panel mounted to the displacement vessel for capturing drag forces caused by tidal action occurring in a generally lateral direction, wherein the drag panel is pivotable about a horizontal axis from an active configuration for maximizing the capture of drag forces acting on the drag panel, to a retracted configuration for minimizing the capture of drag forces acting on the drag panel;
a control mechanism operatively coupled to the drag panel to pivot the drag panel;
a directional converter coupled to a generator, wherein said directional converter and said generator are positioned at a stationary location; and
an anchor cable having a first end, a second end, and a length in between the first end and the second end, wherein the first end of the anchor cable is connected to the directional converter and the second end of the anchor cable is connected to the displacement vessel;
wherein, as a result of its connection to said anchor cable, said directional converter activates said generator to generate electricity when the displacement vessel travels laterally relative to said stationary location as a result of drag forces captured by said drag panel from the tidal flow.

US Pat. No. 10,458,381

FUEL INJECTOR TESTER/CLEANER KIT AND METHOD OF USE

1. A pneumatic and hydraulic fuel injector cleaning apparatus, comprising:an ultrasonic cleaner, a fuel injector cleaning and test stand, and a fuel injector controller,
said ultrasonic cleaner including a container for holding cleaning fluid and a fuel injector, an ultrasonic transducer capable of vibrating said container and said cleaning fluid at a selected ultrasonic frequency and amplitude, and a controller for controlling said transducer;
said fuel injector cleaning and test stand including a horizontal base plate forming a base with an upward extending first longitudinal member forming a post, said base plate supporting a removable waste container for catching cleaning fluid emitted from a fuel injector during testing, said post having a second longitudinal member forming an arm extending horizontally out from a top end thereof over said base plate, said arm having a vertical aperture formed therein and passing through at a free end thereof, said vertical aperture having threads in a top half and having a smooth inner bore in the bottom half said smooth inner bore forming a receiver for an input end of a fuel injector, with a first hand valve threaded into said threaded top half of said vertical aperture, a bottom of said vertical aperture capable of receiving an input end of a fuel injector to be cleaned along with a sealing O-ring, said arm having a retaining plate rotatably connected to a bottom surface thereof such that when said input end of said fuel injector is inserted into said receiver, said retaining plate is rotated in under an output end of said fuel injector to hold said fuel injector tightly in place, said retaining plate having an non-threaded aperture just below where said output end of said fuel injector rests, said fuel injector capable of spraying fuel out of said output end through an orifice and on through said non-threaded aperture without impeding a spray pattern of said spraying fuel, said first hand valve fluidly connected to a cleaning fluid reservoir, a top of said reservoir having a first T connection with a second hand valve and a pressure relief valve extending horizontally therefrom, said first T connection having a second T connection attached at a top input thereof, said second T connection having a pressure gauge extending horizontally therefrom and a third hand valve extending upward therefrom, said third hand valve having a third T connection extending upward therefrom, said third T connection having a quick disconnect fitting extending horizontally therefrom and having a removable pipe plug extending upward therefrom;
said cleaning fluid containing various distillates and solvents; and
said fuel injector controller capable of being connected to a power source and to electrical contacts of a fuel injector, and supplying twelve volt pulses at a selected frequency and pulse width to energize a coil of said fuel injector to be tested and cleaned, thus causing said fuel injector to spray said cleaning fluid out of said orifice at said output end.

US Pat. No. 10,458,380

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR A FUEL INJECTOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system, comprising:a fuel injector comprising an egg-shaped nozzle, wherein an opening is shaped to admit combustion chamber gases into a hollow interior of the egg-shaped nozzle forming an annular venturi passage between it and an outlet surface of the fuel injector.

US Pat. No. 10,458,379

INJECTOR ARRANGEMENT

DELPHI TECHNOLOGIES IP LI...

1. A fuel injector for use in an internal combustion engine, the fuel injector comprising:an injector body comprising a bore;
an injector needle located within the bore and engageable with a needle seat to control fuel injection through an injector outlet, the injector needle comprising an armature seat;
an armature member which is hollow, thereby defining an internal surface of the armature member, the armature member being engageable with the armature seat on the injector needle, the injector needle in part and the internal surface of the armature member in part defining a control chamber;
an actuator arrangement arranged to control fuel pressure within the control chamber such that fuel pressure variations within the control chamber controls movement of the injector needle relative to the needle seat;
wherein the actuator arrangement is arranged to be capable of moving the armature member from a seated position in which it engages the armature seat to an unseated position in which the armature member has moved relative to the armature seat in order to bring the control chamber into fluid communication with a low pressure drain which circumferentially surrounds the control chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,458,375

AIR SHUTOFF VALVE

Caterpillar Inc., Peoria...

1. An air shutoff valve for use on an internal combustion engine, comprising:a body having an inlet portion forming an inlet opening, an outlet portion forming an outlet opening, a gate portion and an actuator portion;
the body forming an air passage that fluidly connects the inlet opening and the outlet opening;
a gate slidably disposed in the gate portion of the body, the gate being selectively moveable between an armed position and a triggered position, in which triggered position the gate is disposed in the air passage and fluidly blocks the outlet opening from the inlet opening;
a lift rod connected to the gate, the lift rod including a transverse opening;
a retention pin slidably disposed in the actuator portion of the body, the retention pin having a tip extending through the transverse opening in the lift rod when the gate is in the armed position;
a roller rotatably mounted to the retention pin;
a cam rod having a cam surface in contact with the roller such that axial motion of the cam rod causes a corresponding axial motion on the retention pin;
an actuator connected to the cam rod and operating to move the cam rod from the extended position to a retracted position, in which the tip of the retention pin is clear of the transverse opening;
at least one spring disposed between the body and the retention pin, the at least one spring disposed to urge the retention pin in a direction towards the lift rod such that contact is maintained between the roller and the cam surface; and
at least one lift spring disposed between the body and the gate, the at least one lift spring disposed to urge the gate towards the triggered position.

US Pat. No. 10,458,372

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DYNAMIC MONITORING OF AN AIR CHARGING SYSTEM OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A device for dynamically monitoring an air charging system of an internal combustion engine, subsystems of the air charging system having a low-pass characteristic as a function of geometry, measurement design, aging, or contamination, comprising:a diagnostic unit including a computer configured to perform a dynamic diagnostic, given a change in a characteristic state quantity that is to be measured, based on a comparison of a modeled signal and a measured signal, and the measured signal being an actual value of the characteristic state quantity capable of being measured directly or calculable from measurement values of other quantities, and the modeled signal being a model value of the characteristic state quantity; and
a high-pass or bandpass filter configured to extract higher-frequency signal portions;
wherein through high-pass filtering or bandpass filtering using the high-pass or bandpass filter, a frequency portion is extracted from the measured signal and from the modeled signal, each of the frequency portions having a high frequency such that it is sufficiently attenuated by an emissions-relevant attenuation,
wherein the energy of the filtered signals is determined over a specified time interval by processing the signals, and
wherein energy values of the measured signal and of the modeled signal are compared, and if the quotient measured signal/modeled signal is below a threshold value, a dynamic error or a slow response error is diagnosed.

US Pat. No. 10,458,370

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An internal combustion engine, comprising:an exhaust-gas recirculation device that recirculates exhaust gases of the internal combustion engine into an intake region of the internal combustion engine, wherein the exhaust-gas recirculation device comprises:
(a) at least one exhaust-gas cooler through which a first flow path for recirculation of exhaust gas runs and which has at least one first cooling stage and at least one additional cooling stage;
(b) at least one flap arrangement by which the at least one additional cooling stage is activatable;
(c) a bypass line through which a second flow path for the recirculation of exhaust gas runs and by which the exhaust-gas cooler can be bypassed during the recirculation of exhaust gas; and
(d) an EGR valve having at least three possible positions:
(1) a rest position, in which the exhaust-gas recirculation device is closed,
(2) a first position, in which the first flow path through the exhaust-gas cooler is open, and
(3) a second position, in which the second flow path through the bypass line is open.

US Pat. No. 10,458,365

DIRECT-INJECTION SUPERCHARGED INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE HAVING WATER INJECTION, AND METHOD FOR OPERATING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE OF THIS TYPE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A direct-injection supercharged internal combustion engine having water injection, comprising:at least one cylinder head comprising at least one cylinder, in which each cylinder is assigned an injection nozzle which:
is at least connectable to a fuel reservoir which serves for storing fuel;
is secured in a nozzle holder serving as a receptacle; and
is fitted with a nozzle needle which is displaceable in a direction of a longitudinal axis in a nozzle needle guide and opens up at least one nozzle hole at a nozzle tip in order to introduce fuel, the nozzle needle actuated via a solenoid in electronic communication with a controller of the engine, wherein a control piston is provided that surrounds an entire circumference of the nozzle needle relative to the longitudinal axis, which:
is mounted movably on the injection nozzle;
is displaceable in a translatory manner along the longitudinal axis of the injection nozzle between an inoperative position and a working position by actuation via pressure and spring forces acting on the control piston; and
closes at least one fluid connection in the inoperative position and opens up the at least one fluid connection in the working position in order to introduce water into an associated cylinder via an outlet of the at least one fluid connection arranged at the nozzle tip, outside of the nozzle hole relative to the longitudinal axis, wherein the control piston connects the at least one fluid connection in the working position to a chamber which, as part of a water supply system, is at least connectable via a supply line to a water reservoir which serves for storing water, where water for introduction into the associated cylinder via the outlet of the at least one fluid connection is separated within the injection nozzle from fuel for introduction into the associated cylinder via the nozzle hole.

US Pat. No. 10,458,364

PROPULSION SYSTEM USING SUPERCRITICAL CO2 POWER TRANSFER

Rolls-Royce Corporation, ...

1. A power and propulsion system, comprising:an air compressor;
a combustor having an internal heat exchanger and positioned to receive compressed air from the air compressor as a core stream;
a closed-loop system having carbon dioxide as a working fluid that receives heat from the combustor and rejects heat to a cooling stream, the closed-loop system configured to:
pass the carbon dioxide through the internal heat exchanger of the combustor to a closed loop turbine, wherein the closed loop turbine provides power to a fan that provides the cooling stream; and
pass the carbon dioxide through the internal heat exchanger of the combustor to at least two propulsor turbines that are associated with distributed propulsors, to provide thrust to an aircraft;
a first shaft having the closed loop turbine as a first turbine that receives power in the closed loop system, the first shaft including the fan;
a second shaft having a second turbine that receives power in the closed loop system, the second shaft including the air compressor; and
a third shaft having a third turbine that receives power in the closed loop system from the combustor via the carbon dioxide, the third shaft including a carbon dioxide compressor that receives the carbon dioxide from a heat rejection heat exchanger that rejects the heat to the cooling stream.

US Pat. No. 10,458,361

COATING FOR METAL COMPONENTS, METHOD FOR COATING A METAL COMPONENT, PISTON FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A motor vehicle, comprising at least one piston of an internal combustion engine, the piston having a coating comprising:an inner layer which is applied to the piston;
an intermediate layer; and
a covering layer, wherein
the inner layer comprises at least one layer selected from among: a metal layer, a metal carbide layer, a metal nitride layer, a metal carbonitride layer and a metal-containing hydrocarbon layer,
the intermediate layer comprises an a-C:H layer and an a-C:H* layer, wherein the a-C:H* layer has a higher proportion of graphite-like parts than in the a-C:H layer,
the covering layer comprises a W C:H layer or an a-C:H* layer,
a maximum layer thickness of the coating is not more than 5 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,458,360

SLIDING MEMBER AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A sliding member comprising:a metal substrate;
an undercoat primer layer that is provided on a sliding surface of the metal substrate; and
a resin layer that is provided on the undercoat primer layer, the resin layer being obtained by curing a composition layer containing a bifunctional alicyclic epoxy in an amount of 80% by weight or more and a polymerization initiator,
wherein the metal substrate is a part of a portion of an internal combustion engine.

US Pat. No. 10,458,359

DETECTING A PREDETERMINED OPENING STATE OF A FUEL INJECTOR HAVING A SOLENOID DRIVE

CPT Group GmbH, Hannover...

1. An engine controller for a vehicle, which engine controller is configured to perform instructions for:applying a predetermined electrical voltage profile to a solenoid drive of the fuel injector;
detecting the temporal profile of the current strength of a current flowing through the coil of the solenoid drive;
detecting the temporal profile of the voltage across the coil;
determining a function based on the temporal profile of the current strength and the temporal profile of the voltage, wherein the function represents one of the interlinked magnetic flux and a temporal derivative of the interlinked magnetic flux in the solenoid drive; and
determining the time as the time at which the function has a characteristic feature.

US Pat. No. 10,458,358

FUEL MICROINJECTION VOLUME CORRECTION METHOD AND COMMON-RAIL FUEL INJECTION CONTROL DEVICE

Bosch Corporation, Tokyo...

1. A fuel microinjection volume correction method in a common-rail fuel injection control device configured to correct deviations in a fuel injection volume resulting from deviations in an injection characteristic of a fuel injection valve and having a microcomputer that controls fuel injection, the fuel microinjection volume correction method comprising:performing, via the microcomputer, microinjection as fuel injection in a microinjection volume,
acquiring, via the microcomputer, an energizing time for the microinjection on the basis of a fluctuation amount of an engine speed generated at the time,
storing, via the microcomputer, a difference from a reference energizing time that is acquired in advance for the fuel injection valve as a learning value in an updatable manner in a non-injection state of the fuel injection valve,
setting, via the microcomputer, a value that is acquired by correcting the reference energizing time by the learning value as the energizing time at the time of the microinjection, and
correcting the fluctuation amount of the engine speed on the basis of a gear ratio and the engine speed so as to eliminate an unnecessary change that occurs to the fluctuation amount of the engine speed due to a gear shift operation of a transmission when acquiring the energizing time for the microinjection on the basis of the fluctuation amount of the engine speed.

US Pat. No. 10,458,356

VEHICLE CONTROL APPARATUS

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A vehicle control apparatus comprising:an actuator configured to control a drive of a vehicle;
a main calculator programmed to calculate an instructed drive power based on a requested drive power of the vehicle and programmed to instruct the actuator to operate according to the instructed drive power; and
a monitor section programmed to monitor at least one of (i) the instructed drive power and (ii) an actual drive power that is output from the actuator according to the instructed drive power, wherein
based on a drive power difference amount calculated by deducting the requested drive power from either the actual drive power or the instructed drive power,
the vehicle control apparatus is programmed to perform a difference determination control that executes a fail-safe action regarding a drive of the vehicle by (i) monitoring a drive power difference indicator started at a time when the drive power difference amount differs from a predetermined value, and (ii) determining that the drive power difference amount is too large when the drive power difference indicator differs from a preset value of an indicator threshold for longer than a predetermined period of time, wherein the drive power difference indicator is an absolute value of the drive power difference amount,
the vehicle control apparatus is programmed to, when performing the difference determination control, lower the indicator threshold when a vehicle-dynamic safety parameter that reflects a travel safety related vehicle behavior fulfills a prescribed condition,
the vehicle control apparatus is programmed to determine whether the vehicle-dynamic safety parameter fulfills the prescribed condition after the determination that the drive power difference amount is too large, and
the vehicle control apparatus is programmed to lower the indicator threshold after the determination that the drive power difference amount is too large.

US Pat. No. 10,458,355

ENGINE CONTROL DEVICE AND ENGINE CONTROL METHOD

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An engine control device comprising:various sensors to detect operating state information of an engine, the operating state information including an engine temperature, an engine rotation speed, and a throttle opening degree;
an oxygen sensor, the output voltage value of which changes in response to a concentration of oxygen in exhaust gas of the engine; and
air-fuel ratio feedback controller to adjust an amount of fuel injected into the engine, on the basis of the operating state information and the output voltage value, wherein
the air-fuel ratio feedback controller calculates, in accordance with the operating state information based on detection results from the various sensors, an oxygen sensor output voltage correction coefficient, which is a coefficient for correcting the output voltage value, implements air-fuel ratio feedback control on the basis of an air-fuel ratio feedback control correction amount calculated using a corrected oxygen sensor output voltage value calculated on the basis of the oxygen sensor output voltage correction coefficient, and adjusts the amount of fuel injected into the engine, and
wherein the air-fuel ratio feedback controller includes a correction coefficient calculator to calculate the oxygen sensor output voltage correction coefficient in accordance with the operating state information, by determining, on the basis of the operating state information, an operating state of a vehicle among a plurality of predetermined operating states, and calculating an oxygen sensor output voltage correction coefficient corresponding to the determined current operating state.

US Pat. No. 10,458,348

CONTROL APPARATUS FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A control apparatus for an internal combustion engine, the internal combustion engine includes a turbocharger having a turbine arranged in an exhaust passage of the internal combustion engine and a compressor arranged in an intake passage of the internal combustion engine; an exhaust gas purification catalyst arranged in the exhaust passage at a location downstream of the turbine of the turbocharger; a bypass passage for flowing exhaust gas from a first portion of the exhaust passage upstream of the turbine of the turbocharger to a second portion of the exhaust passage downstream of the turbine and upstream of the exhaust gas purification catalyst; and a waste gate valve having a valve body for opening and closing an outlet of the bypass passage by its rotary motion on a predetermined pivot axis, and an actuator for rotating the valve body, whereinthe exhaust gas purification catalyst, the bypass passage and the waste gate valve are arranged in such a manner that when a degree of opening of the waste gate valve, which is an angle of rotation of the valve body of the waste gate valve from its fully closed state, is equal to or more than a predetermined degree of opening, an extension line of a closure surface of the valve body of the waste gate valve, which is a surface of the valve body acting to close the outlet of the bypass passage, intersects an upstream side end face of the exhaust gas purification catalyst, whereas when the degree of opening of the waste gate valve is less than the predetermined degree of opening of the waste gate valve, the extension line of the closure surface of the valve body of the waste gate valve does not intersect the upstream side end face of the exhaust gas purification catalyst, but intersects a wall surface of the exhaust passage located at the upstream side of the upstream side end face of the exhaust gas purification catalyst,
the control apparatus comprising a controller configure to:
obtain a temperature of the exhaust gas purification catalyst; and
control the degree of opening of the valve body of the waste gate valve, wherein,
the controller is programmed to, at a time of execution of fuel cut off processing, which is processing to stop supply of fuel to the internal combustion engine in a course of operation of the internal combustion engine, obtain the temperature of the exhaust gas purification catalyst; and control the waste gate valve in such a manner that when the temperature of the exhaust gas purification catalyst is less than a predetermined temperature, the valve body of the waste gate valve is made to be fully closed, whereas when the temperature of the exhaust gas purification catalyst is equal to or more than the predetermined temperature, the degree of opening of the valve body of the waste gate valve is made to be a deterioration suppression opening degree which is larger than when the valve body is fully closed and smaller than the predetermined degree of opening of the waste gate valve to suppress the deterioration of the exhaust gas purification catalyst.

US Pat. No. 10,458,347

POWER TRAIN SYSTEM

HITACHI, LTD., Chiyoda-K...

1. A power train system comprising:a spark ignition type internal combustion engine;
a gas component separation device which extracts a plurality of gas components having different specific heat ratios from an exhaust gas of the internal combustion engine;
a recirculation device which recirculates the plurality of gas components to a combustion chamber of the internal combustion engine; and
a gas components ratio adjustment device which adjusts a ratio of the plurality of gas components recirculated to the combustion chamber in response to an operation state or a fuel property state of the internal combustion engine,
wherein the gas components having different specific heat ratios are a gas component having a relatively large specific heat ratio and a gas component having a relatively small specific heat ratio, and
wherein the gas components ratio adjustment device increases a ratio of the gas component having a relatively large specific heat ratio when an engine torque of the internal combustion engine is lower than a predetermined value and increases a ratio of the gas component having a relatively small specific heat ratio when the engine torque is higher than the predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 10,458,344

THROTTLE FILTER SYSTEM AND METHOD

Spartan Motors, Inc., Ch...

1. A method of filtering a targeted frequency from a pedal input signal, the method comprising the steps of:sampling the pedal input signal at a sampling frequency;
calculating a moving average of the pedal input signal from samples of the pedal input signal; and
outputting a filtered signal based on the moving average.

US Pat. No. 10,458,342

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING OPERATION OF A GAS TURBINE BASED POWER PLANT

General Electric Company,...

1. A system for controlling a gas turbine, comprising:a plurality of sensors, each sensor being configured to sense and communicate a signal indicative of an operating parameter of the gas turbine;
a control system including a computing device in electronic communication with each sensor of the plurality sensors, wherein the control system is configured to:
receive the signals from the sensors, at least one of the signals being indicative of a fuel parameter;
compute cumulative wear for one or more hardware components of the gas turbine based at least in part on the fuel parameter and a combustor type of the gas turbine via the computing device;
receive input instructions selecting a desired operating mode for the gas turbine;
compute a hardware consumption rate based at least in part on the cumulative wear and the desired operating mode via the computing device;
display the hardware consumption rate to an operator via a display device that is in electronic communication with the control system; and
adjust the desired operating mode of the gas turbine based at least in part on the hardware consumption rate and a cost of fuel.

US Pat. No. 10,458,340

TURBINE SHAFT POWER TAKE-OFF

1. A multi-spool gas turbine engine comprising: a low pressure (LP) spool and a high pressure (HP) spool independently rotatable of one another about an engine axis, the LP spool comprising an LP turbine, an LP compressor and an LP shaft, the HP pressure spool comprising an HP turbine, an HP compressor and an HP shaft; the LP turbine being in fluid flow communication with the HP turbine and disposed downstream therefrom, the HP compressor being in fluid flow communication with the LP compressor and disposed downstream therefrom, the LP shaft having an upstream shaft portion extending upstream of the LP turbine to a location upstream of the LP compressor to provide a first power take-off at an upstream end of the engine and a downstream shaft portion extending downstream of the LP turbine to provide a second power take-off at a downstream end of the engine.

US Pat. No. 10,458,337

DUAL INLINE VALVE WITH MANUAL OVERRIDE

HAMILTON SUNDSTRAND CORPO...

1. A starter air valve comprising:a housing comprising an inlet at a first end, an outlet at a second end opposite the first end, and a center portion between the first end and the second end, the outlet being fluidly connected to the inlet through a fluid passage;
a first piston located within the housing between the first end and the center portion, the first piston configured to block airflow through the fluid passage when in a closed position and allow airflow through the fluid passage when in an open position;
a second piston located within the housing between the second end and the center portion, the second piston configured to block airflow through the fluid passage when in a closed position and allow airflow through the fluid passage when in an open position; and
a manual override system configured to move from the closed position to the open position at least one of the first piston and the second piston, the manual override system including a dual manual override, the dual manual override comprising:
a first manual override having a first input point operably connected to the first piston through a first control arm, the first input point configured to rotate the first control arm when the first input point is rotated, wherein the first piston moves from the closed position to the open position when the first control arm is rotated, and
wherein the first manual override further comprises:
a first ball detent system operable to lock the first manual override in a first open position, wherein the first ball detent system further comprises:
a first plate having a first open hole at the first open position;
a first ball located opposite the first plate; and
a first biasing mechanism configured to press first ball against the first plate and secure the first ball in the first open hole when first ball detent system is in the first open position.

US Pat. No. 10,458,336

APPARATUS INCLUDING HEAT EXCHANGER AND SOUND ATTENUATOR FOR GAS TURBINE ENGINE

General Electric Company,...

1. An apparatus for attenuating sound waves in a gas turbine engine, said apparatus comprising:a surface at least partially defining a pathway for airflow; and
a plurality of fins extending from said surface, said plurality of fins configured to dissipate heat into the airflow, each fin of said plurality of fins including a first angled wall and a second angled wall, said first angled wall and said second angled wall of each fin of said plurality of fins forming a wedge shape, at least one of said first angled wall and said second angled wall of each fin of said plurality of fins comprising a fin surface, wherein each fin surface is configured to direct the sound waves between said plurality of fins such that said plurality of fins attenuate the sound waves, said plurality of fins arranged such that spacing between adjacent fins of said plurality of fins facilitates sound attenuation.

US Pat. No. 10,458,335

MINIMUM PRESSURE SHUT-OFF VALVE

Hamilton Sundstrand Corpo...

1. A minimum pressure valve comprising:a sleeve defining a bore that extends along an axis and includes at least a first window, a second window and a third window, with only the third window including a notch and the first window and the second window including an identical size and shape;
a spool movable within the bore that restricts flow through the first window and the second window;
a cap received within a chamber holding the sleeve against an inner surface of the chamber and a spring against the spool; and
a spring seat received within the cap that is movable for adjusting a minimum force exerted by the spring on the spool.

US Pat. No. 10,458,333

REDUCED STRESS BOSS GEOMETRY FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A case for a gas turbine engine, comprising:a machined case wall;
a first perimeter step that extends from the machined case wall via a radius machined around a periphery of the first perimeter step; and
a second perimeter step that extends from the first perimeter step via a radius machined around a periphery of the second perimeter step, the first perimeter step and the second perimeter step form a boss with a boss thickness greater than the machined case wall thickness.

US Pat. No. 10,458,332

COOLED GAS TURBINE ENGINE COOLING AIR WITH COLD AIR DUMP

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A gas turbine engine comprising:a compressor section including a low pressure compressor and a high pressure compressor, with a downstream most end defined in said high pressure compressor;
a core engine housing surrounding said compressor section and a turbine section, and there being a high pressure turbine and a low pressure turbine, and said low pressure turbine having a downstream most end;
a first tap for tapping high pressure cooling air from a location downstream of said downstream most end in said high pressure compressor and passing said high pressure cooling air through a heat exchanger, and there being a second tap for tapping compressed air from a location upstream of said downstream most end in said high pressure compressor, and said second tap air connected to pass over said heat exchanger, cooling said high pressure cooling air, with a chamber defined between said core engine housing and a nacelle airflow wall, and said second tap air flowing through said chamber;
said second tap air connected to move from said chamber into a core engine flow at a location downstream of said downstream most end of said low pressure turbine;
wherein a high pressure valve is positioned on said first tap for said high pressure cooling air to control the flow of high pressure cooling air to said heat exchanger; and
wherein the high pressure valve selectively bypassing the high pressure cooling air around said heat exchanger and into said core engine housing to provide cooling air.

US Pat. No. 10,458,331

FUEL INJECTOR WITH HEAT PIPE COOLING

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A fuel injector for a gas turbine engine comprising:a nozzle configured to dispense fuel into a combustor of the gas turbine engine;
a fuel conduit fluidly connecting a fuel source to the nozzle to supply fuel therethrough; and
a heat pipe having a vaporization section and a condensation section, wherein the vaporization section is in thermal communication with the nozzle and the condensation section is in thermal communication with the fuel source, wherein the condensation section extends into the fuel source.

US Pat. No. 10,458,325

ROTARY INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE WITH PILOT SUBCHAMBER AND IGNITION ELEMENT

1. A rotary engine comprising:an outer body having walls defining an internal cavity;
a rotor rotatable within the internal cavity in sealing engagement with the walls of the outer body;
an insert having a pilot subchamber defined therein, the pilot subchamber communicating with the internal cavity;
a pilot fuel injector having a tip in communication with the pilot subchamber; and
an ignition element extending into an element cavity defined through the insert adjacent the pilot subchamber, the element cavity in communication with the pilot subchamber through a communication opening defined in the insert between the element cavity and the pilot subchamber, the communication opening being smaller than a portion of the ignition element adjacent the communication opening such as to prevent the portion of the ignition element from completely passing through the communication opening upon breaking off of the portion of the ignition element from a remainder of the ignition element.

US Pat. No. 10,458,324

ROTARY PISTON ENGINE

9. A rotary piston engine comprising:a rotatable cylindrical rotor having a plurality of longitudinally extending cylinder-forming bores disposed on the perimeter of the cylindrical rotor which are mutually parallel to each other and to an output shaft axially extending through the cylindrical rotor;
slidable pistons;
wherein each of the plurality of longitudinally extending cylinder-forming bores has one of the slidable pistons disposed therein;
an engine housing encompassing the rotatable cylindrical rotor;
means interconnecting the engine housing and one of the slidable pistons for causing rotation of the rotatable cylindrical rotor;
wherein said each of the plurality of longitudinally extending cylinder-forming bore include a front portion and a rear portion;
wherein the rotary piston engine further includes:
means for inhaling ambient aft into the rear portion of a first half of said each of the plurality of longitudinally extending cylinder-forming bore in response to sliding movement of one of the slidable pistons in the first half of said each of the plurality of longitudinally extending cylinder-forming bores toward the front portion of said each of the plurality of longitudinally extending cylinder-forming bores and an angular position of the rotatable cylindrical rotor;
means for injecting fuel;
means for causing combustion of fuel-air mixture; and
means for exhausting combustion gas from the front portion of a second half of said each of the plurality of longitudinally extending cylinder-forming bores in response to sliding movement of one of the slidable pistons in the second half of said each of the plurality of longitudinally extending cylinder-forming bores toward the rear portion of said each of the plurality of longitudinally extending cylinder-forming bores and the angular position of the rotatable cylindrical rotor.

US Pat. No. 10,458,319

WASTEGATE ASSEMBLY, A TURBOCHARGER THAT UTILIZES THE WASTEGATE ASSEMBLY AND A METHOD

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A wastegate assembly comprising:an arm defining a hole;
a shaft including a first end disposed inside the hole of the arm;
wherein the shaft includes an outer surface defining a groove disposed inside the hole of the arm; and
wherein the arm and the first end of the shaft are welded together to form a joint having a joint root region disposed adjacent to the groove.

US Pat. No. 10,458,318

METHOD FOR ADJUSTING EXHAUST GAS TEMPERATURE AND TURBINE WITH BYPASS ARRANGEMENT

1. A turbocharger, comprising:a turbine comprising
a scroll passage comprising at least first and second portions,
a gas outlet extending axially from the scroll passage,
a turbine wheel comprising one or more blades disposed in the gas outlet, and means for establishing a bypass flow between the first and second portions of the scroll passage,
wherein the means for establishing the bypass flow comprises a nozzle ring arranged between the scroll passage and the gas outlet, the nozzle ring comprising a plurality of vanes fixed relative to tire nozzle ring and adapted to direct a flow of gas from the scroll passage against the one or more blades of the turbine wheel in the gas outlet, the first and second portions of the scroll passage being disposed radially outward of the nozzle ring, the nozzle ring comprising at least one sealing vane that seals the first portion of the scroll passage from the second portion of the scroll passage, and means for moving the sealing vane relative to the scroll passage to establish a bypass flow between the first and second portions of the scroll passage.

US Pat. No. 10,458,316

DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING THE AMOUNT OF AIR FED INTO THE INTAKE OF A SUPERCHARGED INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE AND METHOD USING SUCH A DEVICE

IFP Energies nouvelles, ...

1. A device for controlling an amount of compressed air provided to an intake of a supercharged internal combustion engine having cylinders connected to the intake and each cylinder having at least one gas outlet coupled to an exhaust manifold comprising:a turbo-compressor including a turbine which rotates an outside air compressor which provides compressed air to intakes of the turbine which respectfully receive exhaust gas from different cylinders, a partial transfer duct housed within a body of a casing of the turbo-compressor which comprises two branches which are respectively coupled to different intakes of the turbine to provide compressed air flowing from the outside air compressor through the branches into the intakes of the turbine, the intakes of the turbine also respectfully receiving exhaust gas flowing from the exhaust manifold, each branch including a shut-off valve which controls the circulation of the compressed air in the branch to one of the intakes of the turbine and wherein a length of the partial transfer duct within the casing minimizes a length along which compressed air flows between an outlet of the outside air compressor and the intakes of the turbine which lessens engine response time.

US Pat. No. 10,458,314

HYBRID INTERCOOLER SYSTEM INTEGRATED WITH AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A hybrid intercooler system integrated with an air conditioning system, comprising:an air cooling unit configured to exchange heat between outside air passing through outer walls of a plurality of compressed intake air passages and compressed intake air flowing in the plurality of compressed intake air passages so as to cool the compressed intake air;
a water cooling unit configured to exchange heat between a water-cooling-unit refrigerant surrounding the outer walls of the plurality of compressed intake air passages and the compressed intake air cooled by the air cooling unit,
wherein the water cooling unit comprises:
a water-cooling-unit refrigerant tank configured to surround the plurality of compressed intake air passages, and
a bypass line branched from a receiver drier, and configured to communicate with a compressor through the water-cooling-unit refrigerant tank; and
a first bypass valve and a second bypass valve mounted on the bypass line at locations upstream and downstream of the water-cooling-unit refrigerant tank, respectively, so as to open or close the bypass line.

US Pat. No. 10,458,311

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

MAHLE Powertrain LLC, Fa...

1. An internal combustion engine comprising at least one cylinder and a piston supported for repeated reciprocal movement in the cylinder so as to define a combustion chamber of an engine bore diameter (A-A), the internal combustion engine further comprising an ignition device arranged in the cylinder having an igniter portion and a fuel injector which are both arranged in a pre-chamber, wherein the pre-chamber comprises a plurality of orifices for providing fluid communication between the pre-chamber and the combustion chamber, and wherein the plurality of orifices are of an overall orifice area so that a ratio between the overall orifice area and the engine bore diameter (A-A) ranges from 0.01 mm to 0.2 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,458,308

APPARATUS FOR MODIFYING AN ENGINE OIL COOLING SYSTEM

Neal Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A kit of parts for modifying an original equipment oil cooling system for a vehicle having a diesel engine (5), the diesel engine (5) having an engine block (B) with a water cooling system (4) and a lubricating system (7) containing oil, the engine (5) having an original equipment liquid-to-liquid heat exchanger (8) in which heat from the oil is transferred to the water cooling system (4), the original equipment liquid-to-liquid heat exchanger (8) being imbedded within the engine (5) and having a predetermined mounting configuration, the original equipment liquid-to-liquid heat exchanger (8) further comprising an oil inlet (8A), an oil outlet (8B), a water inlet (8C), and a water outlet (8D) each in a predetermined location, the kit comprising:(a) an adaptor (11) configured to be installed in the engine in place of the original equipment liquid-to-liquid heat exchanger (5), the adaptor (11) having an oil inlet port (25) and an oil outlet port (12), the adaptor (11) being arranged such that when the adaptor (11) is mounted to the engine (5), the oil inlet port (25) of the adaptor (11) is positioned at the former location of the oil inlet (8A) of the original equipment liquid-to-liquid heat exchanger (8) and the oil outlet port (12) of the adaptor (11) is positioned at the former location of the oil outlet (8B) of the original equipment liquid-to-liquid heat exchanger, the adaptor (11), in an installed position, providing a flow of oil to an external oil cooling heat exchanger (15) mounted in a location different from the location of the original equipment liquid-to-liquid heat exchanger (8), the adaptor (11) further comprising a bypass water passage having a single water inlet port (55) and a single water outlet port (56), the adaptor (11) being arranged such that when the adaptor (11) is in the installed position the water inlet port (55) of the adaptor (11) is positioned at the former location of the water inlet (8C) of the original equipment liquid-to-liquid heat exchanger (8) to receive a flow of water coolant, and the water outlet port (56) of the adaptor (11) discharges the flow of water coolant to the water cooling system; and
(b) the external oil cooling heat exchanger (15) configured to be mounted in a location different from the location of the original equipment liquid-to-liquid heat exchanger (8), the oil cooling heat exchanger (15) having an inlet (27) to receive the flow of oil from the adaptor (11) and an outlet (29) to return the flow of oil to the engine (5).

US Pat. No. 10,458,306

ABNORMALITY DIAGNOSIS APPARATUS FOR EXHAUST GAS PURIFICATION SYSTEM

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. An abnormality diagnosis apparatus for an exhaust gas purification system including a filter provided in an exhaust passage of an internal combustion engine to trap particulate matter in exhaust gas and a PM sensor provided in the exhaust passage downstream of said filter, said PM sensor having a pair of electrodes as a sensor element and outputting a signal representing the amount of PM deposited between said electrodes when electrical continuity between said electrodes is established due to deposition of PM between the electrodes, comprising a controller comprising at least one processor configured to:control application of voltage to said electrodes of said PM sensor;
perform an abnormality diagnosis process which is a series of processes of abnormality diagnosis including a sensor regeneration process of removing PM deposited between said electrodes of said PM sensor, a sensor diagnosis process of diagnosing abnormality of said PM sensor, and a filter diagnosis process of diagnosing abnormality of said filter, said sensor regeneration process being the process of removing PM deposited between said electrodes by oxidizing it by heating said electrodes of said PM sensor for a predetermined regeneration period, said sensor diagnosis process being the process of determining whether or not said PM sensor is abnormal based on whether or not a signal resulting from electrical continuity between said electrodes is output from said PM sensor after the application of voltage to said electrodes of said PM sensor is started by the controller at a predetermined voltage application start time after the completion of said sensor regeneration process, said filter diagnosis process being the process of determining whether or not said filter is abnormal based on whether or not the output value of said PM sensor reaches a predetermined abnormality criterion value by a predetermined diagnosis completion time at which the amount of PM deposited between said electrodes of said PM sensor that is estimated on the assumption that said filter is in a predetermined standard failure condition will reach a predetermined criterion PM deposition amount after the completion of said sensor diagnosis process, said filter diagnosis process being performed when said PM sensor is not diagnosed as abnormal by said sensor diagnosis process; and
output a diagnosis result of said sensor diagnosis process or a diagnosis result of said filter diagnosis process when said abnormality diagnosis process is performed by the controller, wherein if said PM sensor is diagnosed as abnormal by said sensor diagnosis process when said abnormality diagnosis process is performed, the controller outputs the diagnosis result that said PM sensor is abnormal, and if said filter is diagnosed as abnormal in said filter diagnosis process multiple times consecutively when said abnormality diagnosis process is performed multiple times, the controller outputs the diagnosis result that said filter is abnormal,
wherein while said abnormality diagnosis process is performed by said controller, and the output value of said PM sensor reaches said predetermined abnormality criterion value before said predetermined diagnosis completion time after the completion of said sensor diagnosis process, said controller diagnoses said filter as abnormal in said filter diagnosis process and stops the application of voltage to said electrodes of said PM sensor at the time when the output value of said PM sensor reaches said predetermined abnormality criterion value.

US Pat. No. 10,458,304

METHOD FOR DIAGNOSING A QUALITY SIGNAL, CONTROL DEVICE, CONTROL DEVICE PROGRAM AND CONTROL DEVICE PROGRAM PRODUCT

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for diagnosing a quality signal (26) provided by a quality sensor (24) used in a reagent metering system (10), wherein the reagent metering system (10) meters a urea/water solution (14) stored in a tank (12) the quality of the urea/water solution (14) is checked by the quality sensor (24), upstream of an SCR catalytic converter (20), wherein the quality sensor (24) includes a signal-processor (34) having a clock generator (36) which provides a clock signal (38), wherein the quality sensor (24) ascertains the quality signal (26) on the basis of a time-based measurement, the method comprising:transmitting the quality signal (26) to a controller (28) via an interface (40, 42);
ascertaining a measure (52, 56, 58) of the period duration of the clock signal (38) in the controller (28) based on the period duration of the clock signal (38);
comparing the period duration with at least one period duration threshold value (46, 48); and
providing a fault signal (50) when there is a deviation in a measure (52, 56, 58) of the period duration of the clock signal (38) from the period duration threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,458,301

REACTANT RELEASE ARRANGEMENT

1. A reactant release arrangement for releasing reactant into the exhaust gas stream of an internal combustion engine, the reactant release arrangement comprising:an exhaust gas guide element providing an exhaust gas flow duct and having a direction of longitudinal extension corresponding to a main exhaust gas flow direction of exhaust gas flowing in the exhaust gas flow duct;
a reactant release body carried extending into the exhaust gas flow duct along a longitudinal axis of the reactant release body at the exhaust guide element, the reactant release body comprising a body wall, wherein a reactant-receiving volume is surrounded by a wall inner surface of the body wall and is provided in the reactant release body and exhaust gas flowing in the exhaust gas flow duct flows around the reactant release body at a wall outer surface of the body wall and the reactant-receiving volume is open to the exhaust gas flow duct via at least one passage opening;
a reactant release unit for releasing reactant into the reactant-releasing volume; and
a heating device for heating the reactant release body, the heating device being associated with the body wall at least in an area of the wall inner surface of the body wall, wherein the body wall comprises an inner wall at least partly providing the wall inner surface and an outer wall at least partly providing the wall outer surface, and the heating device is arranged between the inner wall and the outer wall.

US Pat. No. 10,458,298

EXHAUST GAS SYSTEM FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An exhaust gas system for an internal combustion engine comprising:a first exhaust gas line leading into a first muffler;
a second exhaust gas line arranged fluidly parallel to the first exhaust gas line and leading into a second muffler, said first and second exhaust gas lines respectively being connected upstream of the first and second muffler at a branch to a common exhaust gas feed line;
a control valve arranged in the first exhaust gas line upstream of the first muffler;
a damping device fluidly arranged between the branch and the control valve and adapted for damping exhaust gas resonance vibrations, said damping device including a housing having an entry end and an exit end for the exhaust gas in a flow direction, and at least one nozzle arranged within the housing in the flow direction of the exhaust gas at a downstream location of the housing in proximity of the exit end; and
a cross section adjustment element provided in a flow connection between the first exhaust gas line and the second exhaust gas line.

US Pat. No. 10,458,294

VARIABLE VALVE DEVICE FOR ENGINE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A variable valve device for an engine, the variable valve device comprising:a camshaft;
a movable cam device including a movable camshaft fitted over the camshaft to be slidable in an axial direction of the camshaft, wherein cams with at least two different cam profiles and a guide protruding portion are disposed on the movable camshaft along the axial direction of the camshaft;
at least one shaft groove linearly processed on the camshaft to have a predetermined cross-sectional shape in an external circumferential surface of the camshaft along the axial direction of the camshaft;
at least one cam groove provided in an internal circumferential surface of the movable cam device to communicate with the at least one shaft groove; and
an insertion member inserted into a communication space defined between the at least one shaft groove and the at least one cam groove, wherein a rotational displacement of the camshaft is transmitted to the movable cam device by the insertion member,
wherein each of the at least one shaft groove and the at least one cam groove has a semicircular cross section, and the communication space has a circular cross section, and
wherein the insertion member includes a rod with a circular cross section and being inserted into the communication space.

US Pat. No. 10,458,291

COVER PLATE FOR A COMPONENT OF A GAS TURBINE ENGINE

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

16. A gas turbine engine, comprising:a compressor section;
a combustor section in fluid communication with said compressor section;
a turbine section in fluid communication with said combustor section;
wherein one of said compressor section and said turbine section includes at least one component, said at least one component including a platform and an airfoil extending from said platform, wherein said platform includes a non-gas path side and a gas path side and a cover plate positioned at said non-gas path side, said platform having a leading edge rail and a trailing edge rail extending outwardly from said non-gas path side, wherein said cover plate includes a first plurality of openings that communicate a first portion of a cooling air to a first cooling cavity of said platform and a second plurality of openings that communicate a second portion of said cooling air to a second cooling cavity of said platform that is separate from said first cooling cavity, and each of said first cooling cavity and said second cooling cavity include a plurality of augmentation features, said cover plate configured as a single cover plate configured to cover both said first cooling cavity and said second cooling cavity;
said first plurality of openings are impingement holes configured to direct said first portion of said cooling air for impingement cooling said first cooling cavity;
said second plurality of openings are core feed holes configured to direct said second portion of said cooling air for providing metered cooling within said second cooling cavity; and
wherein said second cooling cavity radially extends between said trailing edge rail and said gas path side of said at least one component.

US Pat. No. 10,458,290

LOW AXIAL LENGTH HIGH TORQUE SHAFT PHASING DEVICE WITH SPEED REDUCTION

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. An internal combustion engine phasing system, comprising:an engine structure including a plurality of cylinders;
a plurality of pistons each disposed in a corresponding one of the plurality of cylinders;
a plurality of connecting rods each connected to a corresponding one of the plurality of cylinders;
a plurality of trunnion assemblies each including a first portion connected to the corresponding one of the plurality of connecting rods and each being disposed on a crankshaft; and
a phasing device, comprising:
a rotary input gear drivingly engaged with an output gear of the crankshaft;
a planetary gear assembly having a sun gear defining a first rotary component connected for rotation with the rotary input gear, a second rotary component connected to an actuator device including an actuator motor drivingly connected to a drive mechanism for activating an actuator link, and a third rotary component connected to a control shaft, the control shaft being drivingly connected to a second portion of the trunnion assemblies, wherein the actuator device is disposed laterally to a side of the planetary gear assembly and the planetary gear assembly has an axial length defined by an entire length of each of the first rotary component, the second rotary component and the third rotary component wherein the actuator device is disposed within the axial length.

US Pat. No. 10,458,289

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR A PHASE CONTROL APPARATUS OF A CAM TIMING SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

5. A phase control apparatus for a camshaft, comprising:a drive wheel;
a cover plate covering a first side of the drive wheel and including a recess disposed therein;
a housing fixed to the drive wheel and positioned between the cover plate and an inner plate of the apparatus;
a vane rotor including at least one vane and positioned within the housing, where the at least one vane is positioned in a hydraulic chamber of the housing; and
a locking pin positioned within a bore of the at least one vane and movable into a locked position where the locking pin engages the recess and an unlocked position where the locking pin is not positioned within the recess, wherein, in the locked position, a first gap between a first surface of the housing and a first surface of the at least one vane is equal to a second gap between a first side of the locking pin and a first side of the recess, wherein a second side of the recess, arranged opposite the first side of the recess, is arranged farther away from the first surface of the housing than the first side of the recess.

US Pat. No. 10,458,285

DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING THE WORKING FLUID CIRCULATING IN A CLOSED CIRCUIT OPERATING ACCORDING TO A RANKINE CYCLE AND METHOD OF USING SAME

IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES, ...

1. A device for controlling the working fluid circulating in a closed circuit operating according to a Rankine cycle, said circuit comprising a heat exchanger for evaporation of said working fluid, swept by a hot fluid from a hot source, expansion means with an inlet and an outlet for discharging the working fluid in vapour form, a cooling exchanger swept by a cold fluid for condensation of the working fluid in vapour form, and a fluid circulation and compression pump for the fluid in liquid form, characterized in that the device comprises a pressurized working fluid storage tank comprising a preset cap providing a preset pressure in the pressurized working fluid storage tank, the pressurized working fluid storage tank being provided outside said circuit and connected to said circuit by selective working fluid circulation means between said tank and said circuit comprising two fluid circulation lines each controlled by a throttling means, one of the fluid circulation lines connecting a zone of said tank below a level of working fluid in said tank to an inlet of said fluid circulation and compression pump and the other fluid circulation line connecting a zone of said tank below a level of working fluid in said tank to said circuit between an outlet of said fluid circulation and compression pump and said heat exchanger for evaporation of said working fluid so as to feed working fluid into said circuit or to remove working fluid from said circuit in order to obtain a desired flow rate, as well as desired pressures at said inlet and at said outlet of said expansion means, and characterized in that the working fluid in the pressurized working fluid storage tank is water in liquid form.

US Pat. No. 10,458,283

VARYING COMPRESSION RATIOS IN ENERGY STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL SYSTEMS

Malta Inc., Cambridge, M...

1. A method comprising:operating a pumped thermal system in a charging cycle at a first compression ratio, wherein the pumped thermal system comprises a working fluid circulating through, in sequence, a compressor system, a hot side heat exchanger, a turbine system, and a cold side heat exchanger, wherein the working fluid is in thermal contact with a hot thermal storage (“HTS”) medium in the hot side heat exchanger and the working fluid is in thermal contact with a cold thermal storage (“CTS”) medium in the cold side heat exchanger; and
operating the pumped thermal system in a discharging cycle at a second compression ratio different than the first compression ratio,
wherein the pumped thermal system is configured to circulate the working fluid through, in sequence and in the same direction, the compressor system, the hot side heat exchanger, the turbine system, and the cold side heat exchanger when the pumped thermal system operates in the charging cycle and when the pumped thermal system operates in the discharging cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,458,280

GAS TURBINE ENGINE HYDRAULICALLY OPERATED NACELLE LATCH

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A gas turbine engine, comprising:a nacelle;
a fan duct including an inner structure surrounding an engine core, wherein a bypass flow path is defined between the fan duct inner structure and the nacelle;
a fan case surrounding a fan; and
at least one latch, configured to secure a first portion of the fan duct inner structure to either a core engine frame or a second portion of the fan duct inner structure, or configured to secure the second portion of the fan duct inner structure to either the core engine frame or the first portion of the fan duct inner structure,
whereby the at least one latch is configured to be actuated by a pressurized fluid;
whereby actuating the at least one latch provides for releasing the first portion of the fan duct inner structure from said core engine frame or from said second portion of said fan duct inner structure, or for releasing said second portion of said fan duct inner structure from said core engine frame or from said first portion of said fan duct inner structure.

US Pat. No. 10,458,277

AXIALLY SPACED RESTRICTED DAMPER

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A bearing assembly, comprising:a bearing housing comprising a first bearing housing surface and a second bearing housing surface where the first and second bearing housing surfaces are substantially axially parallel with respect to a rotor centerline;
a damped outer race, comprising
a first outer race surface radially adjacent to and opposing the first bearing housing surface which is located radially interior to the first outer race surface;
a first piston ring groove in the first outer race surface, where the first piston ring groove comprises a first piston ring that seals between the first bearing housing surface and the first outer race surface;
a second outer race surface radially adjacent to and opposing the second bearing housing surface which is located radially exterior to the second outer race surface; and
a second piston ring groove in the second outer race surface, where the second piston ring groove comprises a second piston ring that seals between the second bearing housing surface and the second outer race surface;where the bearing housing comprises an oil passage that is configured to provide oil from an outlet to a first space of axial length L1 radially between the first outer race surface and the first bearing housing surface, and configured to provide oil to a second space of axially length L2 radially between the second outer race surface and the second bearing housing surface.

US Pat. No. 10,458,276

JET ENGINE WITH MULTIPLE CHAMBERS AND A BEARING CHAMBER SUPPORT

1. A jet engine, comprising:a bearing chamber,
a sealing chamber,
a de-aeration chamber, and
a bearing chamber support that delimits the bearing chamber and includes at least one bearing appliance in certain areas,
wherein the bearing chamber is separated from the sealing chamber via a sealing appliance,
a further sealing appliance separating the sealing chamber from the de-aeration chamber that is arranged at a side of the sealing chamber that is facing away from the bearing chamber, and
wherein the sealing chamber is connected to a sealing air conduit by which the bearing chamber is supplied with a sealing air volume flow, and
wherein the de-aeration chamber is connected to a de-airing appliance via which a volume flow can be discharged from the de-aeration chamber into a core flow channel of the jet engine,
wherein the de-airing appliance includes an air extraction duct with a tubular flow cross-section;
wherein the air extraction duct includes an area with a defined cross-sectional expansion.

US Pat. No. 10,458,275

NACELLE INNER LIP SKIN WITH HEAT TRANSFER AUGMENTATION FEATURES

Rohr, Inc., Chula Vista,...

1. A nacelle inlet structure for an aircraft propulsion system, comprising:an inlet lip comprising an inner lip skin and an outer lip skin;
a bulkhead configured with the inlet lip to form a cavity axially between a forward end of the inlet lip and the bulkhead and radially between the inner lip skin and the outer lip skin, wherein the cavity extends along a longitudinal centerline within the inlet lip;
a nozzle configured to inject fluid approximately longitudinally into the cavity; and
a plurality of heat transfer augmentation features configured with the inner lip skin and operable to interact with the fluid within the cavity in order to promote heat transfer between the inner lip skin and the fluid within the cavity;
wherein the cavity is formed radially between an outer side of the inner lip skin and an inner side of the outer lip skin, and the heat transfer augmentation features provide at least a portion of the outer side of the inner lip skin with a textured surface; and
wherein substantially all of the inner side of the outer lip skin that forms the cavity is configured with a substantially smooth surface.

US Pat. No. 10,458,272

INSULATING TEST ENGINE HOOD FOR A TURBINE ENGINE ON A TEST BENCH

SAFRAN AERO BOOSTERS SA, ...

1. A turbine engine comprising:a combustion chamber; and
a test engine hood including an annular duct for an annular flow, and being intended to replace a flight engine hood of the turbine engine during a test of the turbine engine on a test bench, the test engine hood extending axially of such a length that it surrounds the combustion chamber, the test engine hood comprising:
a wall made of composite material with an organic matrix, the wall having an outer surface delimiting the annular flow and an inner surface opposite the outer surface; and
a silicone layer covering the inner surface of the wall and able to insulate the wall thermally, the silicone layer having a thickness comprised between 3.0 and 6.0 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,458,266

FORWARD FACING TANGENTIAL ONBOARD INJECTORS FOR GAS TURBINE ENGINES

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A turbine comprising:a stator section having a plurality of vanes;
a rotating section having a plurality of blades, the rotating section being axially adjacent the stator section along an axis of the turbine, the stator section being aftward of the rotating section along the axis of the turbine; and
a primary tangential onboard injector located radially inward from the stator section and configured to direct an airflow from the stator section in a forward direction toward the rotating section, the primary tangential onboard injector turning the airflow in a direction of rotation of the rotating section,
wherein a leakage flow passes between the stator section and the rotating section and into a gaspath flowing from the blades toward the vanes, the turbine further comprising a secondary tangential onboard injector positioned in a flow path of the leakage flow,
wherein the secondary tangential onboard injector has a first wall and a second wall, wherein the first wall is fixed to a vane element surface that is part of the stator section and the second wall is fixed to the first wall by a fixed airfoil meant to turn the leakage air in the flow direction of the gaspath flow,
wherein the rotating section includes a rotating seal that forms a seal between a rotating surface of the rotating section and the second wall, and
a restrictive flow seal is arranged downstream from the secondary tangential onboard injector along the flow path of the leakage flow.

US Pat. No. 10,458,259

ENGINE COMPONENT WALL WITH A COOLING CIRCUIT

General Electric Company,...

1. An airfoil for a turbine engine, the airfoil comprising:an outer wall having an outer surface and an inner surface bounding an interior, the outer wall defining a pressure side and a suction side extending axially between a leading edge and a trailing edge and extending radially between a root and a tip;
at least one opening formed in the outer wall;
a framework provided within the at least one opening defining interstitial spaces within the framework; and
a porous structure provided in at least some of the interstitial spaces.

US Pat. No. 10,458,255

REMOVABLE FILM FOR AIRFOIL SURFACES

United Technologies Corpo...

10. A gas turbine engine comprising:a fan section for delivering air into a bypass duct with a nacelle and for delivering air into a compressor;
said fan section having a rotor and a plurality of fan blades, and there being static vanes inward of said nacelle;
a surface of said fan section being provided with a removable film material;
wherein said removable film material includes a plurality of layers of removable material, such that an outer layer may be peeled away from an underlying layer; and
wherein said underlying layer may be peeled away from a subsequent layer underling said underlying layer.

US Pat. No. 10,458,253

GAS TURBINE ENGINE COMPONENTS HAVING INTERNAL HYBRID COOLING CAVITIES

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A component for a gas turbine engine, the component comprising:a hybrid skin core cooling cavity defined by a cold wall and a hot wall, wherein the hot wall is exposed to an exterior environment of the component; and
a hybrid skin core cooling cavity resupply hole formed in the cold wall and fluidly connecting a cold core cavity and the hybrid skin core cooling cavity,
wherein the hybrid skin core cooling cavity resupply hole extends between an inlet on a side of the cold wall exposed to the cold core cavity and an outlet on a side of the cold wall exposed to the hybrid skin core cooling cavity,
wherein the hybrid skin core cooling cavity resupply hole is angled relative to the cold wall at an injection angle such that air passing through the hybrid skin core cooling cavity resupply hole is injected into the hybrid skin core cooling cavity at the injection angle and at least partially parallel to a direction of flow within the hybrid skin core cooling cavity, and a segmented rib within the hybrid skin core cooling cavity, wherein a gap is formed between segments of the segmented rib and wherein at least one of the inlet and the outlet are at least partially positioned within the gap between two segments of the segmented rib.

US Pat. No. 10,458,252

COOLING PASSAGES FOR A GAS PATH COMPONENT OF A GAS TURBINE ENGINE

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A gas path component for a gas turbine engine comprising:an element configured to be exposed to a gas path, the element including a plurality of internal cooling passages, each of said internal cooling passages being separated from at least one adjacent cooling passage in the plurality of cooling passages via a rib, the rib having a smallest cross section normal to an expected flow of coolant through the internal cooling passages at a center point in the cross section normal to the expected flow of coolant; and
at least one of said internal cooling passages includes a cross section having a plurality of asymmetrical filleted corners.

US Pat. No. 10,458,249

BONDED MULTI-PIECE GAS TURBINE ENGINE COMPONENT

United Technologies Corpo...

1. An airfoil component comprising:a first segment including a first piece of a mount and a first piece of an airfoil, the first segment formed of a first ceramic-based material;
a second segment including a second piece of the mount and a second piece of the airfoil, the second segment formed of a second ceramic-based material, the first and second segments being bonded together along a bond joint such that the first and second pieces of the mount are bonded to each other and the first and second pieces of the airfoil are bonded to each other; and
a third segment including at least one of a third piece of the mount and a third piece of the airfoil, the third segment being bonded with at least one of the first segment and the second segment along another bond joint.

US Pat. No. 10,458,247

STATOR OF AN AIRCRAFT TURBINE ENGINE

SAFRAN AIRCRAFT ENGINES, ...

1. A stator of an aircraft turbine engine, comprising an annular row of fixed vanes having leading edges and trailing edges and an annular row of arms having leading edges and trailing edges, the stator having an axis of revolution, wherein:the trailing edges of the fixed vanes are positioned substantially in a first plane that is transverse to said axis of revolution and is positioned downstream of a second plane that is transverse to said axis of revolution and passes substantially through the leading edges of the arms, and
the leading edges of the fixed vanes are positioned substantially in a third plane that is transverse to said axis of revolution and is positioned upstream of the second plane,
and wherein the stator further comprises an annular row of variable-pitch vanes that is positioned directly downstream of the annular row of arms, the annular row of variable-pitch vanes comprising first variable-pitch vanes that are positioned substantially along an extension of a chord of the arms, and second variable-pitch vanes that are each positioned between a corresponding two of the first variable-pitch vanes, the first variable-pitch vanes having different aerodynamic profiles than the second variable-pitch vanes.

US Pat. No. 10,458,244

TUNED RETENTION RING FOR ROTOR DISK

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A rotor disk assembly comprising:a rotor disk; and
a retention ring coupled to the rotor disk, wherein dimensions of the retention ring vary circumferentially such that the retention ring is tuned to adjust a predicted modal frequency response of the rotor disk.

US Pat. No. 10,458,243

ROTOR DISK BOSS

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A method for designing a rotor disk assembly, the method comprising:determining a probable point of contact on a first rotor disk in response to an inter-disk device failure, wherein:
the first rotor disk comprises a web that is disposed between a rim and a bore;
the bore abuts the web at a web foot that is a radially inwardmost portion of the web;
the rotor disk assembly further comprises a second rotor disk operatively coupled to the first rotor disk;
the inter-disk device is disposed on the second rotor disk and extends axially toward the first rotor disk; and
the inter-disk device comprises a spacer arm that is a portion of the inter-disk device that extends farthest axially from the second rotor disk; and
redesigning the first rotor disk to include a boss at the probable point of contact.

US Pat. No. 10,458,241

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR POSITIONING MASKING PLUGS ON A COMPONENT

General Electric Company,...

1. A tool for positioning a removable masking plug within a surface feature on a component, said tool comprising:a body extending from a first end to an opposite second end and defining a longitudinal axis between said first end and said second end, said second end configured to couple to an attachment tool, wherein at least a portion of said body is coated with an electrically-conducted coating, and wherein said second end comprising electrodes configured to selectively apply an electrical current to said body, via the electrically-conductive coating; and
a channel defined in said first end, said channel sized to receive at least a portion of the removable masking plug therein such that rotational motion of said tool about the longitudinal axis is transferred to the masking plug,
wherein said tool is operable to releasably secure the masking plug to said first end during positioning and removal of the masking plug; and
wherein a selective application of electrical current to said body by said electrodes is operable to weld the removable masking plug within the surface feature of the component.

US Pat. No. 10,458,240

HYBRID ELASTOMER/METAL ON METAL MOTOR

Roper Pump Company, Comm...

1. A stator for a hydraulic motor having an elongated and helically-lobed rotor rotatably disposed therein, said stator comprising:a cylindrical stator housing;
a first section within said cylindrical stator housing comprising a generally tubular configuration having elastically deformable elastomeric material defining a first helically convoluted chamber section; and
a second section adjacent said first helically convoluted chamber section and fixed within said cylindrical stator housing, said second section comprising:
a rigid section comprising a second helically convoluted chamber section matching said first helically convoluted chamber section, wherein the rigid section includes a saw tooth surface that creates a tortuous path for fluid flow between confronting surfaces of the rotor and the saw tooth surface, wherein said first and second helically convoluted chambers are rotationally aligned in a continuous helical relationship to form a helically convoluted chamber for supporting the rotor.

US Pat. No. 10,458,226

SHOCK AND VIBRATION DAMPER SYSTEM AND METHODOLOGY

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

14. A method, comprising:positioning a vibration sensitive component in a mechanical chassis;
mounting the mechanical chassis in a housing via a damper system;
providing the damper system with a vibration damper, a transverse shock damper, and an axial shock damper;
coupling the vibration damper to axial ends of the mechanical chassis to provide instantaneous transverse and axial shock damping with low-pass filter functionality while also providing attitude control with respect to the mechanical chassis;
using the transverse shock damper at a position radially between the mechanical chassis and the housing to suppress ringing effects;
independently using the axial shock damper to provide additional axial shock damping; and
coupling the housing into a drill string.

US Pat. No. 10,458,224

MONITORING OF EQUIPMENT ASSOCIATED WITH A BOREHOLE/CONDUIT

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

27. A method of monitoring one or more items of equipment associated with a borehole or other conduit, the method comprising:outputting sensor information indicative of vibrations at one or more sensor locations, the one or more sensor locations being associated with the one or more items of equipment and/or fluid flow within the borehole or other conduit; and
processing the sensor information to:
generating a frequency spectrum by summing the sensor information indicative vibrations at the one or more sensor locations over a monitoring time period;
determine a characteristic of the operation of the one or more items of equipment and/or the fluid flow within the borehole or other conduit,
identify one or more changes in the characteristic indicative of a status or imminent event based on comparing the frequency spectrum with noe or more historic frequency spectra summed over a time period and thereby determining the status or the imminent event in relation to the one or more items of equipment, and
output control information to control the operation of the one or more items of equipment responsive to the identified one or more changes.

US Pat. No. 10,458,222

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR A MULTIPHASE HYDROCARBON PUMP HAVING AN AUGER COUPLING

BCRT TECHNOLOGY, Houston...

1. An apparatus comprising:a first rotary machine operable for transformation of energy between rotary mechanical energy and fluid kinetic energy, the rotary machine comprising:
a drive shaft;
a tubular housing defining a fluid input and a fluid output and a rotor operating region;
a rotor mounted within the rotor operating region for rotation about a rotor axis of rotation through the drive shaft, the rotor comprising a first rotor end and a second rotor end, the axis of rotation extending between the first rotor end and the second rotor end, the rotor operating region being positioned between the fluid input and the fluid output; and a plurality of rotor elements for the rotor, the plurality of rotor elements being axially spaced from each other along the rotor, the plurality of rotor elements comprising a plurality of surfaces oriented on the rotor so as to be concentric to the rotor axis of rotation, the plurality of rotor elements axially spaced a distance RD between the rotor elements, defining therebetween a plurality of radial flow paths each having a path width PW defined by the distance RD between the rotor elements, the plurality of rotor elements defining a plurality of centrally positioned apertures that collectively define an unrestricted interior opening that surrounds the drive shaft and connects to the plurality of radial flow paths to permit radially outwardly fluid flow through the plurality of radial flow paths, the unrestricted interior opening receiving fluid flow from the fluid input to provide the radially outwardly fluid flow through the plurality of radial flow paths;
a solids port through which the solids are removed from the fluid;
wherein the drive shaft further comprises a variable distance element, a computer program further comprising:
instructions to adjust the variable distance element from a first distance value RD1 for the space between the rotor elements to a distance value RD2 for the space between the rotor elements based on a density FD of the fluid wherein the space is inversely proportional to the FD.

US Pat. No. 10,458,217

REAL-TIME ENGINEERING ANALYSIS BASED SYSTEM CONTROL

ACCENTURE GLOBAL SOLUTION...

1. A system control apparatus comprising:a processor; and
a memory storing machine readable instructions that when executed by the processor cause the processor to:
access a plurality of procedures to control an operation of a system to prevent at least one of an occurrence of a fault in the system or a reduction of an output of the system, wherein the plurality of procedures are determined based on an application of hypothetical parameter values to at least one engineering analysis model associated with the system;
learn, based on an application of the plurality of procedures to the system, a highest ranked procedure from the plurality of procedures to control the operation of the system to prevent the at least one of the occurrence of the fault in the system or the reduction of the output of the system;
access real-time data associated with the system;
determine, based on the real-time data associated with the system, parameter values associated with an operation of the system by:
determining whether a parameter value of the parameter values is available from the real-time data at a specified time value;
in response to a determination that the parameter value is not available at the specified time value, determining, based on an analysis of the real-time date for a specified time duration, whether the parameter value of the parameter values becomes available;
in response to a determination within the specified time duration that the parameter value of the parameter values becomes available, retrieving the parameter value of the parameter values from the real-time data; and
in response to a determination within the specified time duration that the parameter value of the parameter values does not become available, assigning a previous parameter value from the real-time data to the parameter value of the parameter values; and
control, based on an analysis of the real-time data associated with the system and an analysis of the parameter values, the operation of the system by applying the highest ranked procedure to prevent the at least one of the occurrence of the fault in the system or the reduction of the output of the system.

US Pat. No. 10,458,210

MANUFACTURING METHOD OF RIB SUPPORT FOR SCREEN/FILTER CARTRIDGE

BAKER HUGHES, A GE COMPAN...

1. A screen assembly comprising:a first sleeve including a radially inwardly facing surface and a radially outwardly facing surface;
a second sleeve including a radially inwardly facing surface and and a radially outwardly facing surface;
a plurality of ribs extending between the first and second sleeves, each of the plurality of ribs being joined to one of the radially inwardly facing and radially outwardly facing surfaces of the first sleeve and one of the radially inwardly facing and radially outwardly facing surfaces of the second sleeve; and
a screen cartridge extending between and coupled to the first and second sleeves, the screen cartridge being formed from multiple diffusion bonded layers and including a substantially continuous outer surface and a substantially continuous inner surface that abuts and is decoupled from the plurality of ribs, wherein the screen cartridge includes a first screen layer defined by a first perforated tube that abuts the plurality of ribs and a second screen layer defined by a second perforated tube that extends about and is bonded to the first screen layer, the first perforated tube including a first plurality of openings having a first dimension and the second perforated tube including a second plurality of openings having a second dimension that is greater than the first dimension.

US Pat. No. 10,458,204

DOWNHOLE TOOL

Churchill Drilling Tools ...

23. A method of cleaning or treating downhole tubing, the method comprising the steps of:supplying a fluid to a downhole tool from a surface location; and
directing a jet of the fluid from the tool at a wall of the downhole tubing;
wherein the jet of fluid is radially directed and circumferentially continuous, further including the step of producing the jet of fluid using a tool run into the tubing on a tubular support member.

US Pat. No. 10,458,201

DOWNHOLE ASSEMBLY FOR SELECTIVELY SEALING OFF A WELLBORE

Magnum Oil Tools Internat...

1. A downhole tool for temporarily isolating zones in a well, comprising:a first subassembly and a second subassembly engaged with each other, a lower end of the second subassembly being located within the first subassembly, the engaged first subassembly and second subassembly having inner walls that define a bore through the tool;
a sealing member located within the bore of the engaged first subassembly and the second subassembly, the sealing member comprising a disc and a base:
the disc having an outer face and an inner face, the outer face having a convex configuration and the inner face having a concave configuration and being separated from each other by at least one distance, the sealing member comprised to resist greater downward pressure against the outer face of the disc before the downward pressure breaks the disc than the sealing member resists upward pressure against the inner face of the disc before the upward pressure breaks the disc, the outer face having a lower circular edge where the outer face's convex configuration ends, the circular edge being the disc's lower end, and having a diameter between opposing sides of the outer face's circular edge, and the disc being frangible; and
the base depending downward from the disc, the base being a cylinder having a cylindrical outer surface and a cylindrical inner surface, the inner surface and the outer surface having a distance therebetween, an upper end proximal the disc and a lower end distal from the disc, the diameter of the outer surface of the base being the same as the diameter between opposing sides of the outer face's circular edge, so the outer surface of the base is a perpendicular projection of the outer face's circular edge from the outer surface's upper end to the outer surface's lower end, the inner surface defining a bore through the base;
wherein the upper and lower ends of the outer surface of the base have equal diameters, the lower end of the base not having an expanded footing;
wherein the distance between the inner surface and the outer surface of the base is less than the height of the inner face of the disc from the apex of the disc's inner face to the lower end of the disc;
wherein the disc and the base are composed of the same material and are an integral unit;
the first subassembly has an inner shoulder and the lower end of the base is supported by the first subassembly's inner shoulder;
a first seal located about the base, distal from the disc, the first seal being a circular seal sized and configured to be compressed against the base to form a fluid-tight barrier with the base when the sealing member is mounted in the downhole tool;
a second seal located around the sealing member, the second seal being a circular seal sized and configured to be positioned between the sealing member and the second subassembly and compressed to form a fluid tight barrier with the second subassembly when the sealing member is mounted in the downhole tool;
a third seal located between the first subassembly and the second subassembly and compressed between the first subassembly and the second subassembly to form a fluid tight barrier between the first subassembly and the second subassembly;
the sealing member sized and configured to form a fluid-tight barrier in the bore of the tool, and
the sealing member configured and comprised so breaking the frangible disc opens the bore of the tool to fluid flow.

US Pat. No. 10,458,200

FRAC PLUG SYSTEM HAVING BOTTOM SUB GEOMETRY FOR IMPROVED FLOW BACK, MILLING AND/OR SETTING

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A frac plug for plugging a wellbore, the frac plug having an internal passage extending therethrough, the frac plug comprising:a bottom sub positioned at a bottom end of the frac plug, the bottom sub defining a portion of the internal passage, the bottom sub having a plurality of raised edges extending in an axial direction and spaced circumferentially about the internal passage, wherein each of the plurality of raised edges is configured to rotationally lock the frac plug to a subsequent frac plug positioned below the frac plug in the wellbore,
wherein the raised edges are configured to receive a frac ball without substantially preventing fluid flow through the internal passage.

US Pat. No. 10,458,192

DRILLING MACHINE

SOILMEC S.P.A., Cesena (...

1. A drilling machine comprising:a string of telescopic rods provided with an excavation tool;
a winch comprising a drum associated with a motor arranged to actuate in rotation said drum;
a flexible pulling element connected, on the one hand, to said drum and on the other hand, to said string of telescopic rods, said flexible pulling element being able to be unwound or wound on said drum in order to move said string of telescopic rods;
a manual control element of said winch that can assume at least a first position, a second position and a third position; and
a control system of said motor associated with said manual control element, said control system being configured for controlling said motor, in a first operating mode, so as to unwind said flexible pulling element from said drum in order to lower said string of telescopic rods when said manual control element is in said first position, to wind said flexible pulling element on said drum in order to raise said string of telescopic rods when said manual control element is in said second position, to stop said drum when said manual control element is in said third position;
said drilling machine further comprising a first manual selector associated with said control system and adapted to select at least a second operating mode, and in that said control system is configured for controlling said motor, in said second operating mode, so as to wind said flexible pulling element on said drum in order to tension said flexible pulling element without raising said string of telescopic rods when said manual control element assumes said third position.

US Pat. No. 10,458,190

PDC CUTTER WITH DEPRESSED FEATURE

SMITH INTERNATIONAL, INC....

11. A cutting element, comprising:a substrate;
a table coupled to the substrate at an interface, a table thickness being measured between the interface and a working surface opposite the interface and defined by a perimeter; and
at least one torque transmittable depression formed in the working surface of the table and extending a depth into the table,
wherein the at least one torque transmittable depression has a cross-sectional profile that is constant along its depth.

US Pat. No. 10,458,186

SACRIFICIAL SPACER FOR WELL TOOL INNER SEAL

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A drill bit, comprising:an outer seal interposed radially between a cone and a journal of the drill bit and sealingly engaged with the journal and cone, to not permit communication of well fluid across the outer seal;
an inner seal positioned in a groove formed on either the cone or the journal not sealingly in contact with the journal and cone, and not exposed to well fluid: and
a circumferential spacer positioned radially between the inner seal and a surface of either the cone or the journal radially opposite the groove, the circumferential spacer including a material that radially spaces apart the inner seal from the surface, wherein there is a greater coefficient of friction between the circumferential spacer and the inner seal than between the circumferential spacer and the surface, such that there is relative sliding motion between the circumferential spacer and the surface, but not relative sliding motion between the inner seal and the groove or between the inner seal and the circumferential spacer, such that the inner seal and outer seal perform their sealing functions in series time-wise, at substantially different time intervals.

US Pat. No. 10,458,185

MUD MOTORS WITH THRUST BEARING WITH ENHANCED TORQUE

BAKER HUGHES, A GE COMPAN...

10. A method of assembling an apparatus for use in a wellbore, the method comprising:providing a unitary inner race member having a plurality of races around an outer surface thereof;
placing a first set of balls in a first inner race of the plurality of inner races;
enclosing the first inner race with the first set of balls placed therein with a first outer race member to secure the first set of balls in the first inner race, the first outer race member being made of at least two outer race pieces;
placing a first support member adjacent to the first outer race member;
placing a second set of balls in a second inner race in the plurality of inner races;
enclosing the second inner race with the second set of balls placed therein with a second outer race member to secure the second set of balls in the second inner race, the second outer race member being made of at least two outer race pieces, wherein the first support member is adjacent to the second inner race; and
placing a second support member adjacent to the second outer race member.

US Pat. No. 10,458,167

APPLIANCE HINGE COUNTERBALANCE ASSEMBLY WITH SNUBBER

Mansfield Engineered Comp...

1. A counterbalance assembly for an appliance hinge, said counterbalance assembly comprising:a base including first and second spaced-apart side walls and a transverse face wall, said base including: (i) a channel located between the first and second side walls; (ii) first and second elongated slots located respectively in the first and second side walls and aligned with each other;
a rotating cam supported on the base, said cam including: (i) a camshaft that extends between the side walls and that is adapted for rotation about an axis of rotation, said camshaft comprising a first end supported by said first side wall and a second end supported by said second side wall; and (ii) a lobe that projects from the camshaft, said lobe located in the channel between the first and second side walls of the base;
a biasing coil spring comprising an inner end engaged with the transverse face wall of the base and an outer end spaced outwardly away from the base, said outer end of said spring located outside said channel;
a spring rod that extends through an opening in said transverse face wall such that an inner end of the spring rod is located in the channel and an outer end of the spring rod is spaced from the transverse face wall, said spring rod extending coaxially through the biasing coil spring, and said outer end of said spring rod operatively coupled to an outer end of the spring and said inner end of said spring rod operatively coupled to the lobe of the cam by a lever such that said spring biases said spring rod to an extended position where said outer end is spaced a maximum distance from the transverse face wall;
a damper assembly comprising: (i) a damper base connected to said channel; (ii) said lever that operatively couples said inner end of said spring rod to the lobe of the cam, said lever comprising a first portion pivotally connected to said inner end of said spring rod by a pivot fastener, said lever including a tab that extends therefrom outside said channel and said lever further including a second portion pivotally connected to said lobe of said cam; and, (iii) a piston assembly connected to said damper base and comprising a piston which is moved between a first position and a second position by said tab of said lever contacting said piston, said piston assembly comprising a piston spring that biases said piston toward its first position;
said pivot fastener that pivotally connects said lever to said spring rod comprising opposite first and second ends that are respectively slidably engaged with the first and second slots so that the pivot fastener and lever are slidably engaged with the base and adapted for reciprocal linear sliding movement relative to the base;
wherein rotational movement of the cam in a first angular direction relative to said base causes rotational movement of the lobe in said first angular direction and causes inward linear sliding movement of the lever and pivot fastener in a first direction such that said tab of said lever engages said piston and urges said piston inwardly from its first position toward its second position whereby said piston assembly damps movement of said cam in said first angular direction; and rotational movement of the cam in a second angular direction opposite the first angular direction causes rotational movement of the lobe in said second angular direction and causes outward linear sliding movement of the lever and pivot fastener in a second direction away from said piston to allow outward sliding movement of said piston in response to said piston spring biasing said piston toward its first position.

US Pat. No. 10,458,164

DOOR HINGE ASSEMBLY FOR AN APPLIANCE

Haier US Appliance Soluti...

1. An appliance defining a vertical direction, a lateral direction, and a transverse direction each mutually perpendicular to one another, the appliance comprising:a housing;
a door rotatable through a swing arc;
a hinge assembly rotatably coupling the door with the housing, the hinge assembly comprising:
a hinge bracket coupled with the housing, the hinge bracket comprising:
an attachment plate coupling the hinge bracket with the housing;
a pin plate extending in a plane perpendicular to the vertical direction;
a pivot pin extending from the pin plate along the vertical direction, the pivot pin defining a hinge axis; and
an extension portion extending between the attachment plate and the pin plate, the extension portion having a ramped surface;
wherein the ramped surface slopes downward along the vertical direction from the attachment plate to the pin plate; and
a cam plate coupled or integral with the door, the cam plate having a cam projection projecting therefrom, wherein the cam projection engages the ramped surface as the door is rotated through at least a portion of the swing arc of the door such that the door is moved along the vertical direction.

US Pat. No. 10,458,151

METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUSLY CONTROLLING A PLURALITY OF DOOR LOCKS UNDER EMERGENCY

1. A method for simultaneously controlling a plurality of door locks under emergency, comprising:connecting the plurality of door locks with a control device, with the control device obtaining control authority of each of the plurality of door locks;
physically and removably connecting an unlocking device with the control device, with the control device identifying the unlocking device, wherein the control device actuates and sets all of the plurality of door locks to a locking state when the unlocking device is identified as being incorrect, and wherein each of all of the plurality of door locks obtains unlocking authority when the unlocking device is identified as being correct;
simultaneously setting all of the plurality of door locks connected to the control device into the locking state when the unlocking device is physically removed from the control device, and the control device enters a first priority emergency state, wherein all of the plurality of door locks lose the unlocking authority and are incapable of being unlocked independently;
sending a first-class report to a police system after all of the plurality of door locks have lost the unlocking authority;
physically reconnecting the unlocking device with the control device, with the control device re-identifying the unlocking device, wherein all of the plurality of door locks remain in the locking state and lose the unlocking authority when the unlocking device is re-identified by the control device as being incorrect;
logging in a backstage with a computer or a smart mobile device with a preset account and a password to connect with the control device when the unlocking device is re-identified by the control device as being correct;
selectively lifting or not lifting the first priority emergency state after logging in the backstage, wherein all of the plurality of door locks set in the locking state remain in losing the unlocking authority when the first priority emergency state is not lifted, and wherein all of the plurality of door locks set in the locking state restore the unlocking authority and a locking authority and are capable of being operated independently when the first priority emergency state is lifted while the unlocking device is re-identified by the control device as being correct;
selectively setting or not setting a second priority emergency state after logging in the backstage while the unlocking device is physically connected to the control device, wherein all of the plurality of door locks retain respective unlocking authority when the second priority emergency state is not set, and wherein all of the plurality of door locks are set to the locking state and lose the unlocking authority when the second priority emergency state is set;
sending a second-level report to the police system when the second priority emergency state is set and all of the plurality of the door locks are set to the locking state;
selectively lifting or not lifting the second priority emergency state after logging in the backstage while the unlocking device is connected to the control device, wherein all of the plurality of door locks restore the unlocking authority when the second priority emergency state is lifted, and wherein all of the plurality of door locks lose the unlocking authority when the second priority emergency state is not lifted.

US Pat. No. 10,458,150

KEY AND ASSOCIATED LOCK

EVVA Sicherheitstechnolog...

1. A key (1) for locking a lock, comprisinga. at least one first surface (2) and at least one second surface (2?),
b. with a plurality of sensing positions (4) provided along a longitudinal extent of the key (1),
c. at which plurality of sensing positions on the first surface (2) at least one first code (3) is provided for reading in the lock and at least one second code (3?) is provided on the second surface (2?) for reading in the lock,
wherein the at least one first code (3) of the first surface (2) differs, at least at one sensing position, (4) from the at least one second code (3?) at the same sensing position (4),
wherein the at least one first and second codes (3, 3?) are configured, at least at a first sensing position of the plurality of sensing positions (4), so that to lock the lock, the codes at said at least a first sensing position must be read on both surfaces (2, 2?),
wherein, at at least a second sensing position (4) of the plurality of sensing positions, the at least one first code (3) of the first surface (2) is identical to the at least one second code (3?) on the second surface (2?), so that to lock the lock, the codes (3, 3?) at the at least a second sensing position only have to be read on one surface (2, 2?) of the key.

US Pat. No. 10,458,148

METHOD TO PREVENT DRY ROT DAMAGE TO A WOOD FENCE

1. A method for preventing dry rot damage to a fence, the fence comprising a plurality of posts disposed vertically into a ground surface, a horizontal support plank coupled to each pair of adjacent posts in the plurality of posts, a plurality of pickets disposed on the horizontal support plank and a pair of horizontal rails disposed on the horizontal support plank and configured to support the plurality pickets in an upright position, the method comprising:providing a first spacer apparatus, the spacer apparatus comprising:
a plate comprising a top surface, a bottom surface opposite the top surface, a front edge, a rear edge opposite the front edge, and a pair of side edges connecting the front and rear edges; and
a pair of end tabs coupled to the plate, each end tab in the pair of end tabs coupled to one of the pair of side edges of the plate and oriented generally perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the plate, each end tab comprising a first width that is less than a second width of the plate along each side edge;
disposing the first spacer apparatus on the horizontal support plank so that the plate and pair of end tabs conform to contours of the horizontal support plank;
disposing the plurality of pickets and pair of horizontal rails on the first spacer apparatus to create a gap between both the horizontal rails and plurality of pickets and the horizontal support plank; and
removing the pair of end tabs from the first spacer apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,458,146

WIRE BARRIER

Mid-American Gunite, Inc....

1. A barrier comprising:a support panel comprising a first face, a second face, a first brace, and a second brace;
wherein the support panel is a single continuous panel such that:
the first and second faces are integral to the continuous panel,
the first and second braces are integral to the continuous panel; and
the first brace is intermediate the second face and the second brace;
the second brace terminates in a second panel end;
wherein the support panel is deployable to a freestanding condition defining:
a first bend intermediate the first face and the second face,
a second bend intermediate the second face and the first brace, and
a third bend intermediate the first brace and the second brace;
wherein in the freestanding condition the second panel end is operatively connected to the second face intermediate the first and second bends;
wherein in a packed condition the first and second braces are folded between the first and second faces;
wherein in the packed condition, the second panel end is disconnected from the second face; and
wherein the support panel is deployable to the freestanding condition from the packed condition.

US Pat. No. 10,458,144

SOLAR GRAVESTONE DISPLAY

1. A gravesite marker comprising:a memorial structure and an epitaph device;
wherein the memorial structure contains the epitaph device;
wherein the memorial structure houses a reliquary;
wherein the epitaph device is an electric circuit;
wherein the gravesite marker is a funerary structure;
wherein the gravesite marker contains the reliquary;
wherein the reliquary stores one or more relics;
wherein the reliquary displays the one or more relics;
wherein the epitaph device detects a person's presence at the gravesite marker;
wherein the epitaph device illuminates the one or more relics contained within the reliquary;
wherein the epitaph device initiates an audible presentation;
wherein the epitaph device extinguishes the illumination of the reliquary after a predetermined period;
wherein the epitaph device terminates the audible presentation after the predetermined period;
wherein the audible presentation is selected from the group consisting of an encomium and music;
wherein the memorial structure comprises a pedestal and a headstone;
wherein the pedestal is a prism-shaped structure;
wherein the headstone is a hollow prism-shaped structure;
wherein the headstone rests on the pedestal such that the pedestal and the headstone forms a composite prism;
wherein the pedestal forms a platform that raises the headstone above a ground;
wherein the headstone is the structure of the memorial structure that contains the epitaph device;
wherein the headstone further comprises the reliquary, a transparent barrier, and a door;
wherein the headstone contains the reliquary;
wherein the transparent barrier and the door attach to the reliquary;
wherein the reliquary is a chamber formed within the headstone;
wherein the reliquary contains the one or more relics for display;
wherein the reliquary further comprises a reliquary cavity;
wherein the reliquary cavity is a negative space formed within the headstone;
wherein the reliquary cavity is a prism-shaped structure;
wherein the interior of the reliquary is visible from the exterior of the headstone;
wherein the transparent barrier is a window formed through the headstone such that the reliquary is viewable from an exterior of the headstone;
wherein the transparent barrier forms a gas impermeable barrier between the exterior of the headstone and the reliquary;
wherein the door is a barrier that encloses the reliquary cavity;
wherein the door controls access into the reliquary cavity;
wherein the door further comprises a lock;
wherein the lock is a mechanical device used to secure the door in a closed position;
wherein the epitaph device comprises a power circuit, a master switch, a timing device, and a reliquary circuit;
wherein the power circuit, the master switch, the timing device, and the reliquary circuit are electrically interconnected;
wherein the power circuit is an electrical sub-circuit of the epitaph device;
wherein the master switch is a maintained switch;
wherein the master switch is further defined with a first lead and a second lead;
wherein the timing device is an electrical sub-circuit of the epitaph device;
wherein the reliquary circuit is an electrical sub-circuit of the epitaph device;
wherein the power circuit provides the electrical power required to operate the epitaph device;
wherein the master switch controls the flow of electricity from the power circuit into the balance of the epitaph device;
wherein the functions of the timing device are to: a) detect the presence of a visitor to the site; b) initiate the operation of the reliquary circuit; and, c) to discontinue the operation of the reliquary circuit after the predetermined period;
wherein the functions of the reliquary circuit are to: a) illuminate the one or more relics contained within the reliquary; b) initiate an audible presentation;
wherein the power circuit comprises a rechargeable battery, a photovoltaic cell, and a diode;
wherein the rechargeable battery, the photovoltaic cell, and the diode are electrically interconnected;
wherein the rechargeable battery is further defined with a first positive terminal and a first negative terminal;
wherein the photovoltaic cell is further defined with a second positive terminal and a second negative terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,458,142

ANTI-LOOSENING ENDCAP FOR UTILITY CROSSARM

Wedax Corporation, Suzho...

1. An anti-loosening endcap for a utility crossarm comprising:an endcap body inserted into the crossarm;wherein a channel perpendicular to an inner wall of the crossarm is disposed inside the endcap body, one end of the channel is open, a pointed head pin is slidably disposed in the channel, the pointed head pin, operable to pierce the inner wall of the crossarm, faces the inner wall of the crossarm, the endcap is further provided with an axial through passage, the passage and the channel intersect at a tail portion of the pointed head pin, and a corresponding pin is provided for the passage.

US Pat. No. 10,458,140

MODULAR PROCESSING FACILITY

Fluor Technologies Corpor...

1. A processing facility comprising:a first process block configured to carry out a first process;
a second process block configured to carry out a second process;
wherein the first process block comprises a first module fluidly coupled to a second module, the first module being abutted against the second module at a side-to-side edge interface;
wherein the second process block comprises a third module fluidly coupled to a fourth module, the third module being abutted against the second module at an end-to-end edge interface; and
wherein the second module is fluidly coupled to the third module via a first fluid line disposed entirely within an envelope of the second module and the third module and that is not run through an interconnecting piperack.

US Pat. No. 10,458,139

POOL CLEANING ROBOT HAVING A FILTERING UNIT AND A SENSOR

MAYTRONICS LTD., Kibbutz...

1. A pool cleaning robot, comprising:a filtering unit for filtering fluid that passes through the filtering unit;
a calorimetric sensor for sensing a cleanliness related parameter of the filtering unit while the pool cleaning robot is submerged in the fluid; and
a controller that is configured to at least assist in determining, based on the cleanliness related parameter of the filtering unit, a cleanliness of the filtering unit;
wherein at least one of the following is true:
(i) the pool cleaning robot comprises a turbulence generator that is arranged to introduce turbulences that contacts the calorimetric sensor;
(ii) the pool cleaning robot comprises flow limiters that are arranged to limit a flow of side flows over the calorimetric sensor;
(iii) the calorimetric sensor consists essentially of a single thermal resistor.

US Pat. No. 10,458,138

UNDERWATER PLATFORM INSTALLATION IN AN EXISTING SWIMMING POOL

SHAREQUIP, INC., Marco I...

1. An underwater platform installation in an existing swimming pool, comprising:two existing anchor sockets in a deck or a patio surrounding the existing swimming pool, wherein the two existing anchor sockets are configured to secure two tubular existing ladder rails of an existing pool ladder, having two or more ladder treads, the two tubular existing ladder rails separated by a first distance to accommodate a width of the two or more ladder treads;
two tubular platform rails which fit into and are securable by the two existing anchor sockets, wherein each of the two platform rails comprises an upper socket end, which conjugately engages one of the two anchor sockets, a lower terminal end, and a vertical support section between the upper socket end and the lower terminal end; and
a platform structure, supporting a flat underwater platform, wherein the platform structure is horizontally secured between the two platform rails at a submerged platform position, wherein the two platform rails are positionable between a first position defined by the first distance and a second position to accommodate a platform width, the platform width greater than the width of the two or more ladder treads, wherein the two platform rails are rotated outward from the first position to the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,458,137

POOL SKIMMER OPENING CLOSURE DEVICE AND METHOD

1. A device that selectively closes an inlet opening in a face frame of a throat in a pool skimmer, the throat having an outlet opening in a wall of the pool skimmer, the throat being in a water flow communication with a chamber, the chamber accessible through a removable lid, said device comprising:a body positioned to close the inlet opening during use of said device;
a support member sized and shaped to be positioned, during use of said device, in a contact with an interior surface of the chamber and adjacent the outlet opening of the throat; and
an elastic member being in a first connection with said support member and in a second connection with said body, said elastic member further being stretched during said use of said device to bias said body into a sealing contact with the face frame and to bias said support member into said contact with the interior surface of the chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,458,134

STRUCTURAL REPAIR AND REMOTE MONITORING SYSTEM AND METHOD

EMECOLE METRO, LLC, Rome...

1. A system for being affixed to a portion of a construction structure that has sustained a fracture comprising:a repair strap having opposing first and second ends, the repair strap being securable to the structure to span at least a portion of the fracture with the first end of the repair strap being securable to a first portion of the structure adjacent one side of the fracture and the second end of the repair strap being securable to a second portion of the structure adjacent a second side of the fracture opposite the first side;
a sensor carried on the repair strap, the sensor configured to detect physical deformation in at least one of the repair strap or the structure, the deformation being occasioned by at least one of tension across the repair strap, strain across the repair strap, enlargement of the fracture, separation of the first and second sides of the fracture, strain of a conductor of the sensor brought on by vibration of the repair strap or vibration of the structure, stretching of the repair strap in a direction between the opposing first and second ends and displacement of the repair strap relative the structure, an electrical signal being generated in response to said detection;
a plurality of deformable leads coupled to the sensor, the plurality of leads including a first lead extendable along the first end of the repair strap adjacent the first portion of the structure and a second lead extendable along the second portion of the repair strap adjacent the second portion of the structure, the plurality of leads being deformable by physical deformation of at least one of the repair strap or the structure, the electrical signal being generated in response to deformation of one of the plurality of leads;
a communication interface electrically coupled to the sensor, the electrical signal generated by the sensor being receivable by the communication interface, the communication interface configured to transmit signals to a remote electronic device via a public or private communication network.

US Pat. No. 10,458,133

PERIMETER WARNING SYSTEM

1. A perimeter warning system for use to warn persons, in construction and repair situations, of the proximity of an edge of a surface on which the person is present and from which he could fall, comprising:a flag line;
a plurality of stanchions;
a plurality of stand bases at least equal in number to the plurality of stanchions, each stand base having a stanchion insertion point, comprising a sleeve into which the stanchion is berthed, to hold at least one stanchion in a generally upright position when assembled together, and each stand base having means to be secured, including a generally solid flat surface having at least one dedicated opening therein on each stand base, to a base which has means, including at least one pillar, sized to fit within the at least one dedicated opening of each stand base, to secure the stand bases thereto when the stand bases are not in use and stacked thereon and on each other;
each stand base being capable of placement near the edge of a surface across which edge there is danger;
wherein the plurality of stand bases and plurality of stanchions are assembled together to form a means to hold the flag line so as to create a visible line of flags to warn of the proximity of the edge of the surface, when warning is needed;
wherein each stand bases comprises a surface which defines an opening into which the stanchion insertion point of another of the plurality of stand bases can be inserted when the stand base and the another stand base are stacked together and at least one other opening;
wherein the plurality of stand bases are stored together, and when so stored securely transportable generally and between a ground position and an elevated position, by stacking them on the base by the stanchion insertion point and the means to be secured of the stand bases, when not in use or when being transported; and,
wherein the base of the perimeter warning system comprises a storage and transportation element, the storage and transportation element comprising a surface onto which the plurality of stand bases can be stacked, one atop another, for storage and transportation.

US Pat. No. 10,458,132

STRING GROOVE MASONRY CLAMP

1. A string groove masonry clamp apparatus for clamping a string, comprising:a clamp body;
the clamp body including a first clamp side;
the clamp body including a second clamp side pivotally connected to the first clamp side;
a string positioning guide connected to the first clamp side;
the string positioning guide including a guide body including an inner end contact face and an inner side contact face, the inner side contact face including a front edge face positioned distally beyond the second clamp side, and the inner end contact face defining a block top string groove.

US Pat. No. 10,458,131

APPARATUSES AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING HIGH ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE FOR AERIAL WORK PLATFORM COMPONENTS

TIME MANUFACTURING COMPAN...

1. A method for providing high electrical resistance for an upper control assembly of an aerial lift, the upper control assembly comprising control handles coupled to a control panel that comprises a valve assembly and fluid lines directing hydraulic fluid into and out of a plurality of control valves incorporated within the valve assembly, the method comprising:interposing an isolation member between, i) the fluid lines and ii) a set of fluid conduits that extend from the upper control assembly towards a fluid tank disposed on a lower portion of the hydraulic aerial lift that is electrically connected to ground; and
coupling the isolation member to the upper control assembly, wherein the isolation member comprises a manifold, a first set of fittings and a second set of fittings;
wherein the manifold is constructed of material that: i) conducts no more than 400 microamperes at 40 kV AC and no more than 56 microamperes at 56 kV DC, and ii) has a plurality of through-holes configured to allow and withstand hydraulic fluid or pneumatic gas to flow through the isolation member into and out of the fluid lines and conduits at: a) a rate of 6 gpm, b) pressure between 3000 psi and 6000 psi, and c) a temperature between ?40 F and 200 F;
wherein the manifold includes a first face and a second face such that each of the plurality of through-holes extends from the first face to the second face so as to allow the hydraulic fluid or pneumatic gas to flow through the isolation member;
wherein the first set of fittings is coupled to the first face of the manifold and to the fluid lines in the upper control assembly, wherein each one of the first set of fittings is configured to direct flow of the hydraulic fluid from one of the fluid lines into the isolation member or to direct flow of the hydraulic fluid from the isolation member into one other of the fluid lines;
wherein the second set of fittings is coupled to the second face of the manifold and to the fluid conduits, wherein each one of the second set of fittings is configured to direct flow of the hydraulic fluid from one of the fluid conduits into the isolation member or to direct flow of the hydraulic fluid from the isolation member into one other of the fluid conduits
wherein the first and second sets of fittings, the fluid lines, the valve assembly, and the fluid conduits are substantially electrically conductive, and the isolation member substantially isolates the first set of fittings, the fluid lines, and the upper control assembly from the second set of fittings, the fluid conduits, and the lower portion of the hydraulic aerial lift, wherein the upper control assembly is electrically isolated from all electrically connected sources disposed at the lower portion of the hydraulic aerial lift that are electrically connected to the ground; and
wherein the material is selected from the group consisting of a plastic, ceramic and glass material.

US Pat. No. 10,458,128

LOOSEFILL INSULATION BLOWING MACHINE WITH A DISTRIBUTION AIRSTREAM HAVING A VARIABLE FLOW RATE

Owens Corning Intellecuta...

1. A machine for distributing loosefill insulation material from a package of compressed loosefill insulation material, the machine comprising:a chute having an inlet end and an outlet end, the inlet end configured to receive compressed loosefill insulation material;
a lower unit having:
a shredding chamber configured to receive the compressed loosefill insulation material from the outlet end of the chute, the shredding chamber including a plurality of shredders and at least one agitator configured to shred, pick apart and condition the loosefill insulation material thereby forming conditioned loosefill insulation material, the at least one agitator having an actual rotational speed;
a discharge mechanism mounted to receive the conditioned loosefill insulation material exiting the shredding chamber, the discharge mechanism configured to distribute the conditioned loosefill insulation material into a distribution airstream;
a blower configured to provide the distribution airstream flowing through the discharge mechanism, the blower driven by a blower motor;
an airflow sensor positioned upstream from the blower motor and configured to measure an actual airflow into the blower motor;
a control panel configured to direct operating characteristics of the machine and further configured to compare an actual insulation mass flow rate using the measured actual airflow and the actual rotational speed of the agitator to a theoretical insulation mass flow rate for a selected mode;
wherein a flow rate of the distribution airstream is varied by control of the rotational speed of the blower motor as directed by the control panel thereby varying the density, coverage and thermal insulative value of the distributed loosefill insulation material until such point that the theoretical insulation mass flow rate and the actual insulation mass flow rate agree.

US Pat. No. 10,458,124

PANEL

1. A panel, comprising: a panel top side; a panel underside; and at least two mutually opposite panel edges, which respectively have an edge break formed as a bevel at the panel top side, wherein the edge breaks in a connected condition together form a joint in a covering surface, wherein a first of the edge breaks is at one of the panel edges and is larger than a second of the edge breaks that is at the opposite panel edge, and wherein a lower part of the first, larger edge break of the one panel edge in the connected condition is overlapped by the second edge break of the opposite panel edge, wherein the panel edge with the first, larger edge break has a projection with a free end that is rounded in cross-section, wherein the opposite panel edge has a recess that is rounded to match the projection so that in the connected condition the projection is engaged in the recess of an adjacent panel so that the panel edges are centered relative to one another and the panels are locked against movement in a direction perpendicular to the panel edges.