US Pat. No. 10,138,649

TOWER SEGMENT HANDLING METHOD AND APPARATUS

1. A wind turbine tower segment for a wind turbine tower,the wind turbine tower comprising a plurality of vertical tower sections, which in the finished tower are mounted on top of one another, a vertical section of the tower having a longitudinal axis and comprising a plurality of wind turbine tower segments, the tower segments having vertical and horizontal edges and combining to form a complete vertical tower section by joining along their vertical edges, wherein adjacent vertical tower sections are joined to each other along the horizontal edges of the wind turbine tower segment,
wherein the wind turbine tower segments each comprise:
a curved sheet having a curved profile to define a concave side and forming a partial longitudinal surface of the vertical tower section, the sheet having a first and second pair of opposing edges, the first pair of opposing edges forming the vertical edges of the tower segment and the second pair of opposing edges forming the horizontal edges;
flanges coupled to the second pair of opposing edges to form upper and lower horizontal flanges; and
first and second respective support members coupled to the tower segment, the first and second respective support members spanning between the first pair of opposing edges on the concave side to support the sheet in a curved profile at least when the tower segment is not joined to other tower segments, and the first and second support members coupled to the tower segment and bounded by the first pair of opposing edges so as to be separate from respective first and second support members of an adjacent tower segment during assembly of a tower section.

US Pat. No. 10,138,648

TOWER AND METHOD FOR ASSEMBLING TOWER

Tindall Corporation, Spa...

6. An apparatus comprising:a foundation;
a plurality of lower staves located on the foundation;
a plurality of upper staves located above the lower staves, the upper staves having a poured in place concrete or grouted joint between each adjacent upper stave, wherein each upper stave has a bottom surface that is wider than a top surface thereof;
a second element disposed on the top surfaces of the plurality of upper staves;
a tube top element disposed on a top surface of the second element; and
a tower top adaptor disposed on a top surface of the tube top element,
wherein at least one tendon extends from the foundation to the tower top adaptor and passes through a passage defined in the tube top element and does not extend through the second element.

US Pat. No. 10,138,647

SHEAR TIE SYSTEM FOR VENTED ROOF RIDGE

1. A shear tie strap comprising:a first sheet metal body including a first cross strap having a first intermediate region; and
a second sheet metal body including a second cross strap having a second intermediate region; wherein
the first intermediate region and the second intermediate region intersect or cross to form at least part of a center nailer strip, the center nailer strip comprising at least one hole adapted to receive a nail and the first cross strap and second cross strap together are in a general shape of an X,
the first cross strap comprising a first end extending in a first direction away from the center nailer strip and a second end extending in a second direction away from the center nailer strip, the first end of the first cross strap at an angle of 180° the second end of the first cross strap when in the same plane as the second end of the first cross strap and opposed to second end of the first cross strap across the center nailer strip,
the second cross strap comprising a first end extending in a third direction away from the center nailer strip and a second end extending in a fourth direction away from the center nailer strip, the first end of the second cross strap at an angle of 180° the second end of the second cross strap when in the same plane as the second end of the second cross strap and opposed to second end of the second cross strap across the center nailer strip,
and the shear tie strap has a width that is adapted to a spacing between adjacent rafters on a roof.

US Pat. No. 10,138,646

SUBMERGED ROBOT WITH LEARNING CAPABILITIES

MAYTRONICS LTD., Kibbutz...

1. A suction-powered pool cleaning robot comprising: a fluid outlet, adapted for connection to a suction hose; a fluid inlet, with a fluid path between the fluid inlet and the fluid outlet; a turbine at least partially disposed within the fluid path so as to extract energy from flow of fluid through the fluid path; an electrical generator for providing power thereto and adapted to be driven by the turbine; a sensor arranged to generate rotation information indicative of a speed of rotation of the turbine; and an electronic controller that is arranged to control an operation of the suction-powered pool cleaning robot in response to at least the rotation information; wherein the electronic controller is arranged to trigger a rotation of the suction-powered pool cleaning robot if the rotation information indicates that the suction-powered pool cleaning robot attempts to climb a wall of the pool.

US Pat. No. 10,138,645

METHODS OF INSTALLING A POOL SKIMMER ASSEMBLY

Trojan Leisure Products, ...

1. A method of installing a pool skimmer assembly on an insulated wall of a pool, the insulated wall having opposing sides and internal insulation, the method comprising:positioning an internal adapter plate on an internal surface of the insulated pool wall about a penetration in the insulated pool wall, the internal adapter plate having an internal cavity positioned to at least partially align with an inlet opening of an inlet of the pool skimmer assembly and a plurality of through holes positioned to receive a plurality of mechanical fasteners;
inserting the inlet of the pool skimmer assembly into the penetration in the insulated pool wall;
positioning an external adapter plate on an external surface of the insulated wall the external adapter plate having an internal cavity sized to receive the inlet of the pool skimmer assembly inserted into the internal cavity, the external adapter plate having a plurality of through holes positioned to receive the plurality of mechanical fasteners; and
securing the inlet of the pool skimmer assembly to the internal adapter plate and to the external adapter plate with the plurality of fasteners to install the pool skimmer assembly on the insulated wall of the pool.

US Pat. No. 10,138,644

SKIMMER BASKET BARRIER SYSTEM

1. A filtration barrier system for a filtration of a pool, comprising:an elongated body configured to rest flat on a top surface of a pool walkway surface;
a perforated cylindrical filtration head integrally attached to the elongated body, the cylindrical filtration head having a length extending from a first end to a second end, and forming a hollow cavity;
a first perforated side arm rigidly attached to and extending from the first end of the filtration head and configured to engage with a front surface of the pool;
a first gap forming between the first perforated side arm, the front surface and the hollow cavity;
a second perforated side arm rigidly attached to and extending from the second end of the filtration head and configured to engage with the front surface of the pool; and
a second gap forming between the second perforated side arm, the front surface and the hollow cavity;
wherein the first perforated side arm and the second perforated side arm extend at an angle relative to the perforated cylindrical filtration head;
wherein the perforated cylindrical filtration head completely covers an opening in fluid communication with a filtration basket; and
wherein the perforated cylindrical filtration head is configured to prevent floating debris from entering into the opening.

US Pat. No. 10,138,643

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REMOVING STANDING WATER FROM A COVER

Cover-Pools Incorporated,...

1. A system for removing standing water from a pool/spa cover, the system comprisinga diaphragm pump mounted in a remote location relative to the pool/spa cover of a pool/spa;
one or more weights coupled to the pool/spa cover to create a depression into which standing water will accumulate; and
at least one hose having a first end and a second end, the first end coupled to an inlet in the diaphragm pump and the second end configured to be received in the depression in the pool/spa cover; and
a drain coupled to the diaphragm pump via a fluid conduit,
wherein:
the remote location is a roller mechanism housing or a recess in a pool deck, and
the drain is located at and discharges at the remote location to remove the standing water from the pool/spa cover and away from the pool/spa.

US Pat. No. 10,138,642

CONTAINERIZED ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM

MODULAR SECURITY SYSTEMS,...

1. An access control system, comprising:a portable container comprised of durable material enabling the portable container to withstand repeated lifting, placing and towing, the portable container including access openings defined as openings that provide access through the portable container between a first area adjacent one side of the portable container and a second area adjacent a second side of the portable container, and wherein the container is configurable such that a bottom surface of the container sits on a surface between the first area and the second area to prevent access to the second area from the first area;
at least one passing room disposed in the portable container, the at least one passing room having at least a first passing room opening, and at least a second passing room opening, and a walkway in-between, wherein a floor of the at least one passing room spans between the first area and the second area;
at least one barrier device located in the at least one passing room, defining a first space between the first passing room opening and the at least one barrier device, and a second space between the at least one barrier device and the second passing room opening, the at least one passing room and the at least one barrier device requiring passage through the at least one barrier device to proceed from the first passing room opening to the second passing room opening; and
at least one electronic control coupled to the at least one barrier device so that the at least one electronic control causes the at least one barrier device to permit or block passage through the at least one barrier device to thereby prevent unauthorized access from the first area into the second area;
wherein the at least one passing room defines a single path for each passing room from the first passing room opening, to the at least one barrier device, to the second passing room opening.

US Pat. No. 10,138,641

METHOD FOR RESTORING A STRUCTURE HAVING A CRACK BY FOLLOWING A CURVE REPRESENTING THE SEPARATION OF THE EDGES OF THE CRACK

ARMAN INNOVATIONS S.A., ...

1. A method for closing at least one crack appearing on a structure resting on settled soil, the at least one crack resulting from settling of the soil comprising:a preliminary step of consolidating a deep soil by a technique applied to a deep layer Z2 situated at a depth of between 2 B and 8 B, B being the width of said structure, said suitable technique including, in said deep layer Z2, at least one of a jet grouting, an injection of microcement, and an injection of an expanding material,
a main step of lifting a base of the cracked structure by means of injection of a reinforcement substance into foundation soil of the structure applied to a foundation layer situated on the surface and extending over a depth of between 0 and 2 B, said injection being made in line with said at least one crack in a primary drilling hole, the method comprising simultaneously with the injection, acquiring in real time a curve revealing edges of the at least one crack being brought together, stopping the injection as soon as an abrupt reduction in slope in absolute value is detected on the curve.

US Pat. No. 10,138,640

ADJUSTABLE CONCRETE FORM

1. A method for use of an adjustable form unit comprising:assembling an adjustable form unit; the adjustable form unit including at least:
at least two elongated form parts which are structurally configured for being attachable lengthwise relative to each other in multiple infinitesimal length adjustable dispositions relative to each other within the maximum length of the two elongated forms and/or at multiple angle dispositions; with one or multiple anchor points; in one or both of infinitely or infinitesimally adjustable lengths relative to each other along the lengths thereof;
the structural configuration including at least:
a first one of the at least one of the at least two elongated form parts having a single elongated slot disposed therein defined lengthwise relative thereto and another one of the at least two elongated form parts having one or more bolt holes disposed therein to provide for connection of the at least two elongated form parts together; and,
one or more of: a connection device, bolt or screw for holding the at least two elongated form parts in operative disposition relative to each other;
wherein the single elongated slot disposed in the first elongated form part and the plurality of bolt holes disposed in the second of the elongated form parts and the one or more of connection devices, bolts and screws coact to provide for connection of the parts together in one or both of infinitely or infinitesimally adjustable lengths relative to each other along and anywhere in the entire length of the single elongated slot; the one or more of the connection devices, bolts and screws are configured to be disposed simultaneously inserted in and through both the single elongated slot and the one or more bolt holes to effectuate the connection of the at least two elongated form parts to each other; and
the two or more elongated parts being adapted to be connected in an alternative angular disposition relative to each other, and in anchored position relative to a substrate, support structure, floor or wall;
disposing the adjustable form unit in the creation of an overall structure form for the creation of the ultimate structure;
creating the ultimate structure.

US Pat. No. 10,138,639

MOLDING ASSEMBLY AND FLOOR INSTALLATION

Unilin North America LLC,...

1. A molding assembly for bridging a gap between floor covering materials, the molding assembly comprising:a molding; and
a track, wherein the track comprises a track attachment component configured to releasably attach the molding to the track, wherein the track attachment component comprises a single upwardly protruding leg connected to the track by a hinge portion, wherein the upwardly protruding leg comprises a separate surface portion configured to provide friction interlocking or mechanical interlocking with the molding, wherein the separate surface portion is made from a material more compressible than a material from which the hinge portion and track are made, wherein the hinge portion is configured to allow tilting of the molding when attached to the track attachment component, wherein the hinge portion and track are a single unitary piece made of a same material, whereas the separate surface portion is made of a different material.

US Pat. No. 10,138,638

DECK COVERING SYSTEM

1. A deck covering system comprising:a deck covering configured to cover an existing building deck, the deck covering being substantially continuous across a surface, wherein the deck covering comprises a base layer, and a plurality of elongate panels on a top of the base layer, each of the plurality of elongate panels spaced apart from the other of the plurality of elongate panels forming a spacing between each of the plurality of elongate panels; and
a drainage channel insert connected to at least two edges of the base layer, the drainage channel insert allowing fluid drainage away from the deck covering, and connected to the at least two edges of the base layer such that the spacing between each elongate panel is in communication with the drainage channel;
a coping, the coping being an elongate panel connected to the drainage channel insert on an opposite side to the drainage channel insert and base layer connection, and the coping configured to connect to the building deck about a perimeter of the building deck, the coping having a downwardly extending portion configured to fit over an edge of the building deck.

US Pat. No. 10,138,637

FLOOR COVERING AND LOCKING SYSTEMS

VALINGE INNOVATION AB, V...

1. A method for producing a building panel having a horizontal plane which is parallel with a front side surface of the building panel, wherein the method comprises:displacing the building panel in a feeding direction relative a tool set and a pressure shoe, via a chain and a belt,
pressing on a rear side of the building panel via the pressure shoe,
forming an edge portion of the building panel via a first tool of the tool set, when the building panel is displaced relative the tool set,
forming a guiding surface in the building panel via a second tool of the tool set, and
guiding the building panel via a guiding device of the pressure shoe which cooperates with the guiding surface.

US Pat. No. 10,138,636

MECHANICAL LOCKING SYSTEM FOR FLOOR PANELS

VALINGE INNOVATION AB, V...

1. A set of essentially identical floor panels provided with a mechanical locking system comprising a flexible tongue, which is arranged in a displacement groove at a first edge of a first panel, and a tongue groove at a second edge of an adjacent second panel, the flexible tongue is configured to cooperate with the tongue groove for locking of the first and the second edge in a vertical direction,wherein:
the flexible tongue comprises a sliding surface and a locking surface,
the displacement groove comprises at least two cavities, each comprising upper, inner and lower cavity walls and a horizontal opening, wherein a portion of the displacement groove provided between said at least two cavities is configured to cooperate with a portion of the flexible tongue during locking,
the second floor panel comprises at least two protrusions, each comprising a sliding edge which is configured to cooperate with the sliding surface during locking and to press and bend a flexible tongue section into the at least two cavities, and
the flexible tongue section is configured to move back outwardly in a final stage of the locking such that the locking surface is inserted into the tongue groove.

US Pat. No. 10,138,635

SYSTEM FOR DRY EXECUTION OF FINISHING MATERIAL

Eutoplus Co., Ltd., Yong...

1. A system for dry execution of finishing material, comprising:a quadrangle bar to fix to an outer wall of a structure;
a fixing bracket to install by fixing both ends thereof to the quadrangle bar; and
a brick having an engaging groove formed in one surface facing the fixing bracket and being engaged with the fixing bracket in a fitting manner;
wherein, the fixing bracket comprises:
an engaging plate allowing the brick to engage with the fixing bracket by locking engagement operation to the engaging groove;
a load supporting plate provided between the engaging plates neighboring in up and down directions to withstand a load, the load supporting plate having (i) a plurality of head portions formed in an arch shape and facing the brick and (ii) a body portion provided between the head portions neighboring each other and extending by a predetermined distance toward the quadrangle bar;
an elastic plate providing an elastic force to push the brick outward after the brick is caught on the fixing bracket; and
a connection plate which is respectively provided at upper and lower ends of the fixing bracket and connected to another fixing bracket neighboring in said up and down directions.

US Pat. No. 10,138,634

FLASHING CLIPS

1. An assembly, the assembly comprising:a projection extending upward from a roof;
a flashing material corresponding to the projection, the flashing material positionable around the projection; and
a flashing clip, the flashing clip comprising:
a rectangular base plate that is fastenable to the roof;
a plurality of folded edge clips along opposing edges of said rectangular base plate, the folded edge clips configured to further fold over to secure the flashing material in position within the assembly;
a plurality of folded end clips along a first end of said rectangular base plate, the folded end clips configured to further fold over to secure the flashing material in position within the assembly;
a pair of opposing tabs extended from each of said opposing edges of and adjacent a second end of said rectangular base plate, the pair of opposing tabs being fastenable to the roof; and
an aperture between said opposing edges, the aperture extending from said second end toward said first end, the aperture providing spacing for said rectangular base plate to extend beyond a dimension of the projection for lengthwise adjustability and to partially enclose the projection when said rectangular base plate is positioned on the roof;
wherein the flashing clip is attachable via fasteners to the roof so that the provides for securing placement of the flashing material around the projection without the use of fasteners that would protrude through the flashing material.

US Pat. No. 10,138,633

SELF-ADHERING UNDERLAYMENT SHEETS TO FORM WATERPROOFING JOINTS, RELATED BUILDING ASSEMBLIES AND METHODS

Gardner-Gibson, Inc., Ta...

1. A building underlayment sheet comprising: an underlayment lamina having a top surface and a bottom surface, wherein the bottom surface includes an interior portion and a selvage portion that extends from the interior portion of the bottom surface to a terminal distal edge of the sheet, wherein the interior portion of the bottom surface bears a self adhesive layer, and the selvage portion of the bottom surface bears a bonding composition that is capable of bonding to a top surface of a second underlayment lamina to form a full lap joint.

US Pat. No. 10,138,632

WIND RESISTANT CONCRETE ROOF COMPONENT AND SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FORMING SAME

THE FLORIDA INTERNATIONAL...

1. A concrete component, comprising:a concrete panel having a length, a width, a first surface, and a second surface, said first surface having a surface area, said first surface and said second surface undulating in a sinusoidal shape across the width forming a series of alternating ridges and valleys extending between first and second edges and defining a corrugated surface, a space beneath a ridge in the first surface forming a hollow ridge portion in the second surface, and some, but not all, of the hollow ridge portions in the second surface being filled in, forming a flat portion of the second surface, and each filled in hollow ridge portion forming at least one structural rib on the second surface running the length of the concrete panel; and
at least one layer of fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) mesh embedded within the concrete panel and covering a substantial portion of the surface area of the first surface, the at least one layer of FRP being spaced inwardly from and parallel to the first surface, the at least one layer of FRP extending along the entire length and width of the concrete panel.

US Pat. No. 10,138,631

ROOFING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Spray Tech Industries, LL...

1. A roofing system, comprising:a first shingle layer comprising a first plurality of shingles;
a second shingle layer comprising a second plurality of shingles wherein each of the second plurality of shingles has a portion of which that overlays a portion of one the first plurality of shingles;
a first shingle in the first shingle layer, the first shingle having a single first rectangular channel and a single first rectangular protrusion in an upward-facing surface and the first rectangular-channel is contiguous with the first rectangular protrusion, the first rectangular channel and the first rectangular protrusion formed on an interlocking end of the first shingle, the first shingle comprising a slot that traverses the first shingle and the slot is configured to traverse the shingle underneath the first rectangular channel;
a second shingle in the second shingle layer, the second shingle having a single second rectangular channel and a single second rectangular protrusion in a downward-facing surface and the second rectangular channel is contiguous with the second rectangular protrusion such that the first rectangular channel is configured for receiving the second rectangular protrusion and the second rectangular channel is configured for receiving the first rectangular protrusion wherein the first rectangular protrusion is dimensioned such that it extends a distance above an upward surface of the second shingle,
wherein when interlocking the first shingle and the second shingle, a fastener is inserted through the first shingle, the second shingle, a nail strip inserted within the slot, another portion of the second shingle, and through a roofing substrate, and wherein the first shingle is flush with the second shingle so that such at a bottom of the first shingle and the bottom of the second shingle are fully attached to the roofing substrate and no opening exist between the shingles and the roofing substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,138,630

CONCRETE SHEARWALL AND ASSEMBLIES THEREOF, AND RELATED METHODS

1. A shearwall assembly comprising:a floor;
a first concrete column and a second concrete column extending upwardly from the floor with a first column face of the first column facing a second column face of the second column, a first protrusion and second protrusion extending from the first column face and the second column face, respectively, and;
a first column capital and a second column capital arranged at upper ends of the first and second columns, respectively;
a pair of horizontal slab panels positioned between the first and second precast concrete columns, each of the pair of horizontal slab panels extending in a length direction between first and second panel ends and in a height direction between upper and lower panel edges,
the first and second panel ends of each of the pair of horizontal slab panels extending toward the first and second column faces, respectively, and abutting opposite sides of the first and second protrusions,
end gaps being defined between adjacent ones of the first and second column faces and the first and second panel ends, and lower edge gaps being defined between the lower edges and the floor,
the upper edges extending up to the first and second column capitals, and each of the pair of horizontal slab panels having roughened inner faces; and
poured concrete at a volume formed between the pair of horizontal slab panels and the first and second precast concrete columns and filling the end gaps and lower edge gaps;
wherein a respective horizontal reinforcement extends from the first and second protrusions; and
wherein a plurality of trusses extend from the roughened inner faces of the pair of horizontal slab panels such that the horizontal reinforcements extending from the first and second protrusions are fitted between the respective trusses within the volume embedded in the poured concrete.

US Pat. No. 10,138,629

FACADE ASSEMBLY, BUILDING STRUCTURE, AND METHOD FOR MOUNTING THE FACADE ASSEMBLY

HILTI AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT,...

1. A facade assembly for a building, comprising:at least one facade element, configured to be fastened to a wall or an inter-story ceiling of the building,
at least one fire-protection element, configured to be mounted between the facade element and the wall or the inter-story ceiling, and
a protective layer which covers the fire. protection element at least partly,
wherein the fire-protection element comprises an insulating layer and at least one self-supporting angle profile with two flanges disposed at an angle relative to one another,
wherein one of the flanges of the angle profile is fastened to the facade element and the other flange of the angle profile bears on the insulating layer, and
wherein the protective layer comprises an elastic material.

US Pat. No. 10,138,628

INSULATION BATT

Pratt Corrugated Holdings...

1. A method of installing an insulation batt comprising:expanding an insulation layer of insulation batt between a first stiffening layer and a second stiffening layer of the insulation batt;
placing the insulation batt in an insulation cavity;
folding a mounting tab outwards from a slot and away from a connector, the mounting tab attached to one of the first stiffening layer and the second stiffening layer, the mounting tab securing the insulation batt within the insulation cavity, the slot defined in the connector, the connector coupling the first stiffening layer to the second stiffening layer; and
engaging the mounting tab to a two-by-four of the insulation cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,138,627

METHOD OF ASSEMBLY OF COMPOSITE CORE SANDWICH EDGE JOINT

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. A composite wall assembly edge joint, comprising:a first composite buildup pad secured to a first composite face sheet with the first composite buildup pad having a first tapered section with a first inclined surface which extends in a first direction and having a second section which extends from the first tapered section with a second surface which extends in a second direction, different from the first direction, toward a first end of the first composite face sheet; and
a composite flute core member, comprising:
a tapered first portion secured to the first tapered section of the first composite buildup pad;
a second portion which extends in a third direction away from the tapered first portion and is secured to the first composite face sheet; and
a third portion which extends in the second direction, away from the tapered first portion, toward the first end of the first composite face sheet secured to the second section of the first composite buildup pad.

US Pat. No. 10,138,626

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REPAIRING A TILT WALL CONSTRUCTION

PATENTS OF TOMBALL, LLC, ...

1. A method of repairing a tilt wall construction, the tilt wall construction having at least one wall supported by a pier in the earth, the method comprising:affixing a fixture at a bottom of the wall;
installing a piling into the earth directly below said fixture, said piling having a head at an upper end thereof, the step of installing a piling comprising:
driving a plurality of pile segments one upon another into the earth for a desired distance directly below said fixture; and
affixing said head onto a top of said plurality of pile segments;
forming a support member having a length corresponding to a distance between said fixture and said head of said piling; and
affixing said support member to said fixture and to said head such that said piling supports the wall.

US Pat. No. 10,138,625

WATER RUNOFF TREATMENT APPARATUS

1. A water runoff treatment apparatus, comprising:(a) a membrane comprising one or of more layers defining a thickness of said membrane, a first exterior surface of said membrane positioned in contact with a surface of an upper layer of a soil structure, and an aperture formed through a thickness of said membrane, said aperture aligned with a vertical well provided in the soil structure;
(b) an elongated member mounted vertically, during use of said apparatus, through said aperture in said membrane and positioned within the vertical well, said elongated member comprising:
i. a hollow interior,
ii. a first open end positioned above an opposite second exterior surface of said membrane,
iii. a second open end positioned within an interior soil layer of said soil structure and sized and shaped to expel treated water runoff therefrom, and
iv. at least one opening formed through a wall thickness of said elongated member in a portion thereof extending above said opposite second exterior surface of said membrane and in an open communication with said hollow interior;
(c) a filtration member comprising:
i. a center bore sized and shaped for mounting said filtration member on an exterior surface of said elongated member for a linear reciprocal movement due to levels of the water runoff accumulating above said opposite second exterior surface of said membrane or the surface of the upper layer of the soil structure,
ii. a first hollow chamber including intake openings formed through a wall thickness of said filtration member in said first hollow chamber,
iii. a second hollow chamber in fluid communication with said first hollow chamber said second hollow chamber including, discharge openings in said second hollow chamber in fluid communication with said at least one opening in said elongated member during said linear reciprocal movement,
iv. an air chamber provided below said second hollow chamber during use of said apparatus,
v. an adjustable buoyancy counter weight disposed on an exterior surface of said filtration member below said air chamber,
vi. a filtering medium positioned in said second hollow chamber configured and operable to at least separate contaminant(s) from the water runoff received through said intake openings prior to discharging the filtered water runoff through said discharged openings into said hollow interior of said elongated member, and
vii. said filtration member being sized and shaped to cover said at least one opening formed through a wall thickness of said elongated member during said linear reciprocal movement;
(d) a trash rack comprising a bottom wall positioned in a contact with said opposite surface of said membrane, a peripheral side wall upstanding on said bottom wall and openings formed through a thickness of said peripheral side wall; and
(e) a barrier positioned adjacent and/or on said peripheral side wall of said trash rack, said barrier configured to reduce flow of the water and/or absorb a portion of the contaminant(s) prior to the water entering said filtration member.

US Pat. No. 10,138,624

ACTUATION APPARATUS

1. An actuation apparatus having a float valve fluid level sensor and a hydraulic actuator, wherein said actuation apparatus is adapted such that when a float of said float valve fluid level sensor rises above a predetermined level, said float valve fluid level sensor opens a float valve and causes fluid to flow to said actuator and causes said actuator to actuate, wherein said actuation apparatus is connected to a toilet having an auxiliary discharge valve, an auxiliary discharge path, and a bowl, and wherein said float rises and falls corresponding substantially to a rise and fall of contents of said bowl, and wherein said actuation of said actuator causes said auxiliary discharge valve to open such that said contents of said bowl may flow through said auxiliary discharge path.

US Pat. No. 10,138,623

MOUNTING SYSTEM FOR SINK

Moen Incorporated, North...

1. A sink mounting, comprising:a stud, the stud including a head and a shaft, the shaft including a first end and a second end, the shaft including a first longitudinal portion and a second longitudinal portion, the first longitudinal portion being circumferentially offset from the second longitudinal portion, the first longitudinal portion being different than the second longitudinal portion, the first longitudinal portion being threaded, the shaft having a twist between the first end and the second end, the shaft having a cross-sectional shape; and
a clip, the clip including a base and an arm extending from the base, the base including an opening, the opening having a shape that generally corresponds to the cross-sectional shape of the shaft of the stud;
wherein the opening in the clip is operable to receive the shaft of the stud;
wherein the clip is operable to be slid along the shaft of the stud; and
wherein, as the clip is slid along the shaft of the stud, the clip rotates from a first position below the twist to a second position above the twist.

US Pat. No. 10,138,622

INTEGRATED SOLENOID VALVE FOR AN ELECTRONIC FAUCET

Delta Faucet Company, In...

1. An electronic faucet comprising:a valve assembly including a valve housing having an interior region for receiving a fluid, a solenoid valve positioned to control fluid flow through the interior region, the solenoid valve including a solenoid coil and a moveable valve member operably coupled to the solenoid coil;
a controller operably coupled to the solenoid valve, the controller including an electronic circuit board coupled to the valve assembly and a processor mounted to the electronic circuit board to control the solenoid valve, the solenoid coil being mounted to the electronic circuit board;
a temperature sensor mounted to the electronic circuit board; and
a heat transfer device extending between the temperature sensor and the interior region to transfer heat from fluid in the interior region to the temperature sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,138,621

HANDLE ASSEMBLY

KOHLER CO., Kohler, WI (...

1. A faucet handle assembly, comprising:a faucet handle;
a handle adaptor having a plurality of end stops extending radially outward therefrom, wherein the handle adaptor is configured to:
rotatably couple the faucet handle to a fluid control valve disposed within a valve body, and
rotatably couple to the valve body by the plurality of end stops; and
a bonnet including an inner ring having a plurality of locking features, wherein the bonnet is configured to be removably coupled to the valve body by the plurality of locking features.

US Pat. No. 10,138,620

FAUCET ASSEMBLY INCLUDING A THERMOSTATIC MIXING CARTRIDGE

Zurn Industries, LLC, Mi...

1. A faucet assembly comprising:a faucet body including a base and a spout supported by the base, in which the base includes a cold water connection and a hot water connection adapted for the reception of cold and hot water supplies, respectively, and in which the spout includes an outlet;
a hot water flow control valve and a cold water flow control valve each supported by the base of the faucet body;
a thermostatic mixing cartridge disposed in the base in which the thermostatic mixing cartridge has a hot water inlet that is in fluid communication with the hot water connection, a cold water inlet that is in fluid communication with the cold water connection, and a mixed water outlet;
a mixed water passageway having walls defined by the base which places the mixed water outlet of the thermostatic mixing cartridge in selective fluid communication with the outlet of the spout when the hot water flow control valve is opened; and
a cold water bypass passageway having walls defined by the base which places the cold water connection of the base in selective fluid communication with the outlet of the spout when the cold water flow control is opened;
wherein, during use, a flow of mixed water from the thermostatic mixing cartridge is regulated by the hot water control valve into the spout, a flow of the cold water is regulated by the cold water control valve, and the flows of both the mixed water and the cold water are further mixed at a juncture of the mixed water passageway and the cold water bypass passageway prior to exiting the faucet assembly via the outlet of the spout.

US Pat. No. 10,138,619

UNIVERSAL EMBEDDED SYSTEM FOR SANITARY FAUCET COMPONENTS

FIR ITALIA S.P.A., Milan...

1. An embedding system for sanitary fittings, comprising three macro-groups adapted to be removably functionally associated with each other, said macro-groups comprising a first universal embedding macro-group with a manifold body, a second macro-group of functional components/groups and a third macro-group of aesthetic parts,wherein said second macro-group of functional components/groups comprises two single modular elements including a first element having a switching function and a second element having a mixing function, and each element being adapted to be mounted to said manifold body in any of four mounting positions, with each mounting position being rotated by 90° relative to another mounting position,
wherein said universal embedding macro-group is adapted to be installed at at least four installation positions, each installation position being rotated by 90° relative to at least one of the other four installation positions, thereby capable of providing four different finished product embodiments;
said manifold body having six ports comprising two inlets and four outlets disposed between a protective casing, said functional components/groups including at least one of shower groups, shower groups with switching devices, front outlet mixing groups and embedding mouth assemblies with a built-in drive.

US Pat. No. 10,138,618

EXCAVATOR BOOM AND EXCAVATING IMPLEMENT AUTOMATIC STATE LOGIC

Caterpillar Trimble Contr...

1. An excavator comprising:a machine chassis;
an excavating linkage assembly, the excavating linkage assembly comprises an excavator boom, an excavator stick, and an implement coupling, the excavating linkage assembly is configured to swing with, or relative to, the machine chassis, the excavator stick is configured to curl relative to the excavator boom;
an excavating implement, the excavating implement is mechanically coupled to a terminal point of the excavator stick via the implement coupling; and
control architecture, the control architecture comprises one or more linkage assembly actuators and one or more controllers configured to execute instructions to:
determine there is a request to operate the excavator boom and the excavating implement in automatics mode,
receive target design surface data representing a target design surface of an excavating operation,
receive an implement position P representing a position of the excavating implement relative to the target design surface,
receive an implement angle ? representing an operating angle of the excavating implement relative to the target design surface,
determine whether the implement position P is within an automatics region of the target design surface, wherein the automatics region represents a region on one or both sides of the target design surface within which operation of the excavator boom in the automatics mode is permissible,
determine whether the implement angle ? is within an activation angle ?, wherein the activation angle ? represents an angle within which operation of the excavating implement in the automatics mode is permissible,
determine whether the implement angle ? is outside of a deactivation angle ?, wherein the deactivation angle ? is outside of the activation angle ?, and represents an angle outside of which operation of the excavating implement in the automatics mode is not permissible subsequent to the automatics mode activation in response to the implement angle ? being within the activation angle ?,
operate the excavator boom in the automatics mode based on the determination the implement position P is within the automatics region of the target design surface,
activate the excavating implement in the automatics mode based on the determination (i) the implement position P is within the automatics region of the target design surface, (ii) the implement angle ? is within the activation angle ?, and (iii) the implement angle ? is within the deactivation angle ?, and
deactivate operation of the excavating implement from the automatics mode based on the determination (i) the implement angle ? is outside of the deactivation angle ? and (ii) subsequent to the automatics mode activation.

US Pat. No. 10,138,617

GROUND-ENGAGEABLE ATTACHMENT FOR A VEHICLE

The Charles Machine Works...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a frame;
an elongated positioning arm extending from the bottom of the frame comprising:
a first end pivotally attached to the frame; and
a second end supporting an enlarged ground-engageable shoe;
a pivot fixture suspended from the bottom of the frame, comprising a ground-engageable pivot point at its lower extremity;
a coupling assembly configured to join the apparatus to a self-propelled land travel vehicle; and
a ground-engageable work attachment arm supported by the frame;
wherein the apparatus has no ground-contacting motive elements.

US Pat. No. 10,138,616

INVERSE CONSTRUCTION METHOD FOR DEEP, LARGE AND LONG PIT ASSEMBLING STRUCTURE OF SUSPENSION-TYPE ENVELOPE ENCLOSURE

WUHAN ZHIHE GEOTECHNICAL ...

1. An inverse construction method for a deep, large and long pit assembling structure of a suspension-type envelope enclosure, comprising the following steps:(I) determining a pit size and depth of a pit enclosure according to a size of a basement to be constructed, and determining a thickness of a basement reinforced anti-seeping layer according to the depth of the pit enclosure and geological conditions;
(II) performing one-column-one-pile construction in the pit, wherein the one-column-one-pile refers to an integrated structure of a column pile and an engineering pile, the engineering pile is disposed below the column pile, the bottom of the engineering pile is embedded into a waterproof layer or a rock formation, the top of the column pile is constructed to the designed height at one time; during the construction, the verticality of the column pile is ensured, post grouting is carried out at the bottom and the lateral middle portion of the pile to ensure the bearing capability of the column pile and relieve sedimentation;
(III) before completing the construction of the pit enclosure and the basement reinforced anti-seeping layer, controlling the pressure of underground water to prevent bottom heaving and inrush;
(IV) digging a groove, forming a continuous wall by mutually assembling splicing-type prefabricated wall boards in the groove, grouting and reinforcing the wall after the assembling is completed such that the pit resists stressed deformation and maintains stability, wherein the depth of the splicing-type prefabricated wall boards is greater than a depth of the basement floor;
(V) modifying soil at the bottom of the basement by injecting a grouting material at a high pressure to form a waterproof layer, which is connected with the pit enclosure, as the basement reinforced anti-seeping layer, wherein the basement reinforced anti-seeping layer and the pit enclosure form a structure with an “H” longitudinal section, meaning that the depth of the basement reinforced anti-seeping layer is greater than the depth of the basement floor and smaller than the depth of the pit enclosure;
(VI) dividing the basement into floors B0-Bn+1 from the ground surface, digging the floor B0 first, setting up prefabricated framework beams in the space of the floor B0 after the digging is completed, then completing the digging of the floors B1-Bn and setting up of the prefabricated framework beams therein in sequence, and finally digging the floor Bn+1, and pouring the bottom face of the basement after digging to form the basement floor;
(VII) performing construction upward floor by floor from the floor Bn of the basement,
wherein prefabricated concrete superposed floor-slabs or profiled sheet combined floor-slabs are assembled with the corresponding prefabricated framework beams during the construction on each floor, and then concrete is poured onto the prefabricated framework beams to form integrated floor system and floor slabs, and when the floor strength reaches 80% of the designed strength, the construction is continued upward higher floors; and
wherein in step III, the pressure of the underground water is controlled by a method comprising steps of detecting the cover depth and water head height of the confined groundwater in a construction area, controlling the underground water using a dewatering well and recharge well combined technology in conjunction with the depth of the dug pit to prevent bottom heave and inrush, and during the soil excavation process and before the construction and strength formation of the basement reinforced anti-seeping layer, maintaining the pressure of the dewatering well on the confined water layer and keeping working state.

US Pat. No. 10,138,615

BASE BODY OF ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION TOWER USING MICROPILE

KOREA ELECTRIC POWER CORP...

1. A base body of an electric transmission tower using a micropile, comprising:an anchor member coupled to a main pole member of the electric transmission tower;
a foundation member coupled to the anchor member and including a plurality of foundations; and
the micropile configured to fix the foundation member to a ground and compress the foundation member,
wherein the anchor member includes:
a plurality of anchor plates coupled to the foundation member and separated from each other, the plurality of anchor plates disposed inside the foundation member; and
an anchor pole configured to connect the plurality of anchor plates to each other and be attachably and detachably coupled to the main pole member,
wherein an upper end of the anchor pole passes through a base of the main pole member, the base disposed outside the foundation member and separated from the plurality of anchor plates, and
wherein at least one anchor plate of the plurality of anchor plates is disposed in a middle layer of the plurality of foundations.

US Pat. No. 10,138,614

PILE INSERTION

MMI Engineering Limited, ...

1. A method of manufacturing a sub-aqua foundation comprising:simultaneously inserting one or more first helical piles and one or more second helical piles into the sub-aqua earth via a common inserting apparatus, wherein a first helical pile has one or more clockwise helices and wherein a second helical pile has one or more counter-clockwise helices,
wherein the common inserting apparatus comprises a body with apertures for receiving the one or more first helical piles and the one or more second helical piles, a drive carriage associated with each of the one or more first helical piles and the one or more second helical piles and configured to insert the associated helical pile into the sub-aqua earth via a respective body aperture, and guides configured to align each of the drive carriages with the respective body aperture and prevent rotation of the drive carriages relative to the respective body aperture, the method comprising: controlling operation of the drive carriages, the method comprising controlling dimensions of the body and relative positioning of the apertures.

US Pat. No. 10,138,613

GROUND ANCHOR AND METHOD OF USING A GROUND ANCHOR

8. A method of installing a ground anchor comprising the steps of:locating a support plate on a surface of the ground;
locating an anchor member having a generally constant diameter, a first end and an opposing second end, and a threaded portion at said second end and an unthreaded portion comprising a remainder of said anchor member so that said anchor member extends through an aperture in said support plate, with said first end of said anchor member located in the ground and said threaded portion and at least a portion of said unthreaded portion extending outwardly above said support plate;
placing at least one first spacer over said second end of said anchor member and along said anchor member so that at said least one first spacer extends over said portion of said unthreaded portion of said anchor member extending out of said ground with a first end of said at least one spacer engaging said support plate and a second end of said at least one first spacer or an end of a second spacer extends over at least a portion of said threaded portion of said anchor member;
engaging a threaded nut with said second end of said anchor member; and
tightening said threaded nut against said at least one first spacer to press said at least one first spacer downwardly along said anchor member against said support plate.

US Pat. No. 10,138,612

STATIONARY BOOM SUPPORT SYSTEM

1. A containment boom system for use in containing an oil spill floating on a water surface, comprising:(a) a base support structure;
(b) a first elongated rod, having a proximal end and a spaced apart distal end, the proximal end hingedly attached to the base support structure and extending laterally therefrom;
(c) a containment boom, having a first side and an opposite second side, coupled to the first elongated rod and disposed in a portion of the water so that the oil spill is substantially contained by the first side of the containment boom;
(d) a first buoy coupled to the first elongated rod, the buoy having sufficient buoyancy so as to remain floating on the water surface while supporting the first elongated rod;
(e) a continuous rotatable reclamation loop including a hydrophobic material that adsorbs the oil and that does not to absorb water, the continuous rotatable reclamation loop including a first portion that is disposed on a first elongated side of the containment boom in the oil spill and a second portion that is disposed on the water surface on a second elongated side of the containment boom opposite from the first elongated side;
(f) a first pulley wheel affixed to the first elongated rod and disposed on the first elongated side of the containment boom, the first pulley wheel supporting the first portion of the continuous rotatable reclamation loop;
(g) a second pulley wheel affixed to the first elongated rod spaced apart from the first pulley wheel and disposed on a second elongated side of the containment boom opposite from the first side, the second pulley wheel supporting the second portion of the continuous rotatable reclamation loop;
(h) a reclamation station configured to remove oil from the reclamation loop as the loop passes therethrough;
(i) a loop driver that is configured to move the rotatable reclamation loop through the oil spill into the reclamation station and from the reclamation station into the water that is on the second elongated side of the containment boom;
(j) a second elongated rod, having a proximal end and a spaced apart distal end, the proximal end hingedly attached to the base support structure and extending laterally therefrom, the second elongated rod being spaced apart from the first elongated rod, the second elongated rod coupled to the containment boom;
(k) a second buoy coupled to the second elongated rod, the buoy having sufficient buoyancy so as to remain floating on the water surface while supporting the second elongated rod;
(l) a third pulley wheel affixed to the second elongated rod and disposed on the first elongated side of the containment boom, the first portion of the continuous reclamation loop being supported thereby; and
(m) a fourth pulley wheel affixed to the second elongated rod and spaced apart from the third pulley wheel and disposed on the second elongated side of the containment boom opposite from the first side, the second portion of the continuous reclamation loop being supported thereby.

US Pat. No. 10,138,611

PRESSURE DIFFERENTIAL OPEN DIKE EQUIPMENT AND OPEN DIKE SYSTEM TO LIMIT EFFECTS OF TIDE ON UPSTREAM AREAS

1. Open dike system comprising:a dike body having a first end and a second end and a first side and a second side;
a plurality of anchor feet, wherein the plurality of anchor feet are connected to or integral with a bottom surface of the dike body;
a first pillar connected to or integral with an upper surface along the first end or the first side of the dike body;
a second pillar connected to or integral with the upper surface of the dike body offset from and approximately parallel to the first pillar;
a first flap gate rotationally, vertically attached to the first pillar and disposed between the first and second pillars, wherein the first flap gate closes against a first extension in the second pillar; and
a means for opening and closing one or more flap gates, wherein the means for opening and closing the one or more flap gates opens and closes the first flap gate.

US Pat. No. 10,138,610

ARTIFICIAL REEF AND PROCESS FOR FORMING SUCH AN ARTIFICIAL REEF

ATLANTIS MARINE HABITATS,...

1. A process for forming an artificial reef, the process comprising:forming a form having a geometric shape;
applying at least one blockout to a surface of the form such that the blockout extends outwardly of the surface of the form;
applying a sprayable concrete over the form and over a portion of the blockout;
curing the sprayable concrete on the form for a period of time such that the sprayable concrete adheres to the block out; and
removing the cured sprayable concrete and the adhered blockout together from the surface of the form.

US Pat. No. 10,138,609

CONTAINER FOR SPREADER MATERIAL AND A LIQUID TANK

1. A spreader, for service vehicles, for spreading out solid spreading materials, comprising:a spreading-material container for receiving the solid spreading materials to be spread out, and a conveying device in a floor surface of the spreading-material container for conveying the spreading materials out of the spreading-material container, and further comprising at least one liquid tank arranged within the spreading-material container laterally to the conveying device and having an at least partly flexible sheath and variable volume, wherein the floor surface of the spreading-material container is configured substantially horizontally, and that, when the at least one liquid tank is empty, the spreading-material container is configured to be filled with solid spreading materials to be spread out into a portion of volume of the spreading-material container which corresponds to a total volume of liquid materials contained in the at least one liquid tank when the at least one liquid tank is completely filled, wherein the spreader is configured to spread the solid spreading materials, including all those solid spreading materials present in all areas of the spreading-material container which are otherwise occupied by the at least one liquid tank when it is completely filled and corresponds in volume to said total volume of liquid materials, out of the spreading-material container by means of the conveying device, wherein the at least one liquid tank is arranged on or above the floor surface such that upon an at least partial filling of the liquid tank, a sliding surface inclined toward the conveying device relative to the floor surface exists for the solid spreading materials to be spread out.

US Pat. No. 10,138,608

APPARATUS FOR REMOVING SNOW THROUGH LIQUEFACTION

DAEJI PRECISION INDUSTRIE...

1. An apparatus for removing snow through liquefaction, comprising:a snow suction means including a stirring part configured to forcibly crush and stir external snow and a suction part configured to forcibly suction the snow stirred in the stirring part;
a water spray means configured to spray water into the suction part to melt the snow suctioned by the snow suction means;
a storage part configured to store the water into which the snow is melted by the water spray means; and
a heating means located under the storage part and configured to apply heat to the water stored in the storage part, the heating means including
a burner in which a fuel is supplied and burned,
a first header which is horizontally disposed under the storage part to inject combustion heat from the burner,
a plurality of exhaust pipes of which one ends are connected to the first header to discharge the combustion heat,
a second header to which the other end of the exhaust pipe is connected to integrate exhaust heat, and
a heating part of which one end is connected to the second header to supply the exhaust heat around the snow suction means and also to discharge the exhaust heat to an outside,
wherein the heated water in the storage part is pumped and supplied to the water spray means.

US Pat. No. 10,138,607

SNOW-PLOW BLADE AND COVER-PLATE

1. A snow-plow blade comprising:a blade, an insert, and a cover-plate; wherein
the blade comprises a blade front face, a blade back face, and a blade bottom edge; wherein the insert is affixed to the blade such that a portion of the insert extends below the blade bottom edge; wherein
the cover-plate comprises abrasion resistant steel and a crenellated structure; wherein the crenelated structure comprises a solid region, more than one raised region, and more than one trough region; wherein
the cover-plate is affixed to the blade front face, said cover-plate substantially spanning the width of the blade, and with a portion of the cover-plat e solid region extending below the blade bottom edge; wherein
the cover-plate is attached to the blade front face with at least one weld substantially along the crenellated structure in contact with the blade front face; wherein
the snow-plow blade is attachable to a snow-plow mold board; wherein
the snow-plow blade is without devices, attachments, or support structures affixed to the blade back face except for attachment to the snow-plow mold board; and wherein being without devices, attachments, or support structures affixed to the blade back face provides for the mold board attached snow-plow blade having attack angles of 55 to 90 degrees.

US Pat. No. 10,138,606

EXPANSION JOINT COMPRISING A HYBRID POLYUREA-POLYURETHANE HEADER COMPOSITION

1. An expansion joint comprising:first and second adjacent structural members having a gap defined between said structural members, wherein said first and second adjacent structural members each comprise at least one surface;
a recess formed in the said surfaces of said first and second adjacent structural members;
a hybrid polyurea-polyurethane composition located within said recess of at least one of said first and second adjacent structural members, wherein said hybrid polyurea-polyurethane composition comprises the reaction product of at least one isocyanate, at least one polyol, at least one difunctional amine, and at least one trifunctional amine; and
a seal member extending across said gap and affixed to said first and second adjacent structural members by said hybrid polyurea-polyurethane composition.

US Pat. No. 10,138,605

RAILWAY TRACK SLEEPER SQUARING DEVICE AND SELF-PROPELLED MACHINE WHICH COMPRISES THIS DEVICE

FERROVIAL AGROMEN, S.A., ...

1. A railway track sleeper squaring device, characterised in that it comprises:at least a first and second positioning element adapted to be located between two consecutive sleepers and adapted to be located at opposite ends of the sleepers and parallel to the direction of the railway track, where these positioning elements can be extended in this direction;
a frame joined to the first and to the second positioning element;
a first and a second stops joined to the frame, where each stop comprises a first part and a second part arranged facing the first and the second positioning element, being configured in such a way that in use the first and second stops are located on the external face of the two end sleepers to be positioned and where at least one of the first or second stops can be extended in the direction parallel to the track; and
where the first and the second positioning element and the stop that can be extended are configured such that in their simultaneous extension to a pre-set value, they push the sleepers so as to square them.

US Pat. No. 10,138,604

RAIL TIE HAVING EMBEDDED AUTOMATIC DIFFERENTIAL SETTLEMENT COMPENSATION APPARATUS USING OIL PRESSURE FOR RAILROAD TRACKS

KOREA RAILROAD RESEARCH I...

1. A sleeper having an embedded automatic track differential settlement compensation apparatus using oil pressure, comprising:a concrete sleeper (130), installed at a track bed gravel (120) or an asphalt roadbed (160) and configured to deliver a traveling load of a train (300) to the track bed gravel (120) or the asphalt roadbed (160);
a first automatic differential settlement compensation apparatus (200a), embedded and installed underneath one side of the concrete sleeper (130) and configured to automatically compensate for a differential settlement of the concrete sleeper (130) using oil pressure when a loose sleeper occurs due to the traveling load of the train (300); and
a second automatic differential settlement compensation apparatus (200b), embedded and installed underneath the other side of the concrete sleeper (130) so as to operate independently and separately from the first automatic differential settlement compensation apparatus (200a) and configured to automatically compensate for the differential settlement of the concrete sleeper (130) using oil pressure when the loose sleeper occurs,
wherein the first and second automatic differential settlement compensation apparatuses (200a, 200b) are separately installed at left and right sides of the concrete sleeper (130), respectively, thereby automatically compensating for a differential settlement of left and right rails (140) due to the traveling load of the train (300),
wherein each of the first and second automatic differential settlement compensation apparatuses includes:
a spring (260), having one end fixed to an oil hydraulic cylinder (240) and the other end fixed to a cylindrical rod (250) and configured to provide an expansion force enabling the cylindrical rod (250) to move forward when the loose sleeper occurs;
the cylindrical rod (250), configured to move forward by means of the oil pressure so as to come into contact with the track bed gravel (120) or the asphalt roadbed (160) which was settled when the loose sleeper occurs due to a differential settlement of the track bed gravel (120) or the asphalt roadbed (160) by the traveling load of the train (300);
an oil tank (210), embedded underneath the concrete sleeper (130) to store oil;
the oil hydraulic cylinder (240), configured to receive the oil from the oil tank (210) when a vacuum pressure, which is a negative pressure, is generated according to a forward movement of the cylindrical rod (250); and
a check valve (230), installed between the oil tank (210) and the oil hydraulic cylinder (240) so as to open and close an oil supply from the oil tank (210) to the oil hydraulic cylinder (240).

US Pat. No. 10,138,603

AUTONOMOUS BALLAST UNLOADING CONSIST

Herzog Railroad Services,...

1. A method for autonomously dumping material along a railway comprising:assembling a consist including a plurality of hopper cars containing a material to be dumped and at least one control car that includes a master controller and a navigation unit, the master controller controlling hopper doors on each of the hopper cars and including a track survey file indicating a location of a dump zone along a track in which to dump at least a portion of the material and indicating a quantity of the material to dump in the dump zone, and the navigation unit usable to determine a perceived geographic location of the control car;
selectively placing, by the master controller, each of the hopper cars in one of an active state in which the hopper doors can be opened to dump ballast on command, a wait state in which the hopper doors are restricted from opening until the master controller determines that a fault condition is remedied, and a disengaged state in which the hopper doors are restricted from opening until the master controller receives an input from an operator, the master controller placing each of the hopper cars in the active state, wait state, and disengaged state based on an operational status of the respective hopper car and a perceived geographic location of the respective hopper car and independent of the location of the respective hopper car relative to the dump zone;
querying each of the hopper cars by the master controller to determine the position of each hopper car in the consist;
moving the consist along the track;
determining that the geographic location of at least one of the hopper cars is within the dump zone and that the quantity of material is not fulfilled, the geographic location of the at least one of the hopper cars being determined based on the position of each hopper car in the consist relative to the perceived geographic location of the control car, the at least one hopper car being in the active state;
opening the hopper door on the at least one hopper car to dump the material in the dump zone; and
closing the hopper door when the at least one hopper car leaves the dump zone or when the quantity of material has been dumped.

US Pat. No. 10,138,602

FASTENING POINT, IN WHICH A RAIL FORMING PART OF A TRACK FOR RAIL VEHICLES IS MOUNTED ON A FOUNDATION

Vossloh-Werke GmbH, Werd...

1. A fastening point, in which a rail forming part of a track for rail vehicles is fixed to a foundation, the fastening point comprising:a bedplate arranged on a support surface of the foundation, the bedplate comprising a support surface formed on an upper side of the bedplate associated with the rail, a bearing surface formed on an underside of the bedplate associated with the foundation, as well as a through-opening leading from the underside to the upper side of the bedplate,
a spring element, which exerts an elastic holding-down force on the rail foot, and
a clamping screw, which braces the spring element against the bedplate, wherein the clamping screw is guided with its threaded shaft through the through-opening of the bedplate, and wherein
the clamping screw acts with its screw head against the spring element,
the clamping screw is screwed with a thread section of its threaded shaft into a thread provided in a region of the through-opening of the bedplate, and
a free space is provided in a region present in a direction of the foundation underneath the bedplate, in an extension of the through-opening of the bedplate, into which free space the threaded shaft of the clamping screw is adapted to be inserted via its free end.

US Pat. No. 10,138,600

FIBROUS PRODUCT AND METHOD OF PRODUCING FIBROUS WEB

METSA BOARD OYJ, Metsa (...

1. A method of producing a fibre web comprising an inner layer and two outer layers, the method comprising ozonizing fibre pulp, which consists of mechanical or chemi-mechanical pulp, foam-forming said ozonized fibre pulp, drying said foam-formed ozonized fibre pulp to form the inner layer, and arranging the dried inner layer between the two outer layers whereby the fibre web is formed.

US Pat. No. 10,138,597

WIRE

HI-LEX CORPORATION, Hyog...

1. An operating wire rope having a multiple strand structure, wherein:the multiple strand structure is composed of
a core strand composed of a plurality of element wires which are twisted together, and
a plurality of side strands disposed around the core strand, each of the side strands being composed of a plurality of element wires which are twisted together, the core strand and the side strands being twisted together;
a side element wire of the side strand includes a smooth surface at a portion located on an outer periphery of the operating wire rope, the smooth surface comprising a flat part which is provided facing radially outside of the operating wire rope at a part of the side element wire in a circumferential direction, the flat part extending along an axial direction;
an axial length of the smooth surface is 4.8 to 11.0 times a diameter of the side element wire; and
a pitch multiplying factor of the side strand is 7.0 to 12.0 times, the pitch multiplying factor being defined as a value obtained by dividing a strand pitch length of the side strand by an outer diameter of the operating wire rope.

US Pat. No. 10,138,596

MIXTURES OF FIBER-REACTIVE AZO DYES, THEIR PREPARATION AND THEIR USE

DyStar Colours Distributi...

1. A dye mixture comprisingone or more dye(s) of: formula (I)

and
one or more dye(s) of: formula (II)

and optionally
one or more dye(s) of: formula (IV)

wherein
D1 and D2 independent of one another is group of formula (1)

wherein
R1 and R2 independent of one another is hydrogen, (C1-C4)-alkyl, (C1-C4)-alkoxy, sulfo, carboxyl, amido or ureido,
X1 is hydrogen or —SO2—CH?CH2,
D3 and D4 independent of one another is a group of formula (1)
wherein
R1 and R2 independent of one another is hydrogen, (C1-C4)-alkyl, (C1-C4)-alkoxy, sulfo, carboxyl, amido or ureido,
X1 is hydrogen or a group of the formula: —SO2—Z, wherein
Z is hydroxyl, —CH?CH2 or —CH2CH2Z1, wherein
Z1 is hydroxyl or a group which can be eliminated under the action of alkali,
R200 is
i) hydrogen,
ii) C1-C6-alkyl, which is linear or branched and is unsubstituted or substituted by amino, (C1-C4)-alkylamino, hydroxyl, (C1-C4)-alkoxy, sulfo, halogen, carboxyl, acetamido or ureido,
iii) phenyl, which is unsubstituted or substituted by (C1-C4)-alkyl, (C1-C4)-alkoxy, sulfo, halogen, carboxyl, acetamido or ureido;
iv) amino, (C1-C4)-alkylamino, hydroxyl, (C1-C4)-alkoxy, sulfo, carboxyl, cyano, halogen, nitro, amido or ureido,
R201 is a group of the formula: —N?N-D3,
R* and R** independent of one another is hydrogen, (C1-C4)-alkyl, CO—(C1-C4-alkyl) or —CH2—SO3M,
M is hydrogen, an alkali metal or one equivalent of an alkaline earth metal,
and wherein the sum of weights of all dyes of formula (I) that are present in the dye mixture is at least 40% of the weight of the dye mixture—calculated on the basis of the sum of weights of all dyes according to formulae (I), (II) and (IV) that are present in the dye mixture.

US Pat. No. 10,138,595

DISPERSION PROCESSING AIDS FOR THE FORMATION OF A LEATHER MATERIAL

Sustainable Composites, L...

1. A method of forming a leather substrate material comprising:processing a leather material to form leather material particles comprising collagen fiber bundles;
combining the leather material particles with a fluid to form a solution, wherein the collagen fiber bundles of the leather material particles absorb at least a portion of the fluid;
adding a polymer latex to the solution;
adding a dispersion aid to the solution;
causing the collagen fiber bundles to be dispersed in the solution; and
removing at least a portion of the fluid from the solution to form a leather substrate, wherein the leather substrate exhibits a tear resistance of greater than about 20 Newtons when tested in accordance with ASTM D 4704.

US Pat. No. 10,138,591

APPARATUS FOR FEEDING LAUNDRY ITEMS TO A MANGLE

Herbert Kannegiesser GmbH...

1. An apparatus for feeding laundry items (12) to a mangle or the like, comprising:a splaying device (10), which is arranged in a feed direction (11) of the laundry item (12) and which has at least two clamps (13) movable transversely to the feed direction (11) along a rail (15) and each assigned a slide (14, 29, 42) for holding opposite corners (17) of the laundry item (12),
wherein the slides (14, 29, 42) are movable with the clamps (13) by at least one linear drive along the rail (15) in order to stretch out the laundry item (12) attached at the clamps (13),
wherein the clamps (13) are movable by at least one linear motor,
wherein the slides (14, 29, 42) are each assigned to a primary part of the linear motor or the slides (14, 29, 42) form the primary parts of the linear motor,
wherein the rail (15) is assigned to the secondary part of the linear motor or the rail (15) forms the secondary part,
wherein the rail (15) has a guide system (23, 30) for guiding the slides (14, 29, 42), and
wherein the guide system (23, 30) is assigned a multiplicity of permanent magnets (19, 32, 40), of which the magnetic poles are arranged in an alternating sequence.

US Pat. No. 10,138,590

METHOD FOR DRYING LAUNDRY IN A LAUNDRY TREATING APPLIANCE

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A method of drying laundry in a laundry treating appliance having a treating chamber in which the laundry is received for drying, the method comprising:moving the treating chamber to redistribute the laundry;
supplying air to the treating chamber to define a supply air flow;
exhausting the supplied air from the treating chamber to define an exhaust air flow;
receiving an input indicative of at least one characteristic of the laundry in the treating chamber;
determining a temperature of the exhaust air flow; and
heating the air supplied to the treating chamber by actuating a heater at full output for a predetermined time, which is experimentally determined to provide a maximum evaporation rate for laundry having the at least one characteristic to define a first phase, and then cycling the heater ON/OFF to maintain the maximum evaporation rate to define a second phase wherein the heater is cycled ON until a predetermined trip temperature of the exhaust air flow is met and cycled OFF for a predetermined time based on at least one of: mass of the laundry treating appliance, mass of a load, or laundry type.

US Pat. No. 10,138,589

APPARATUS FOR TREATING LAUNDRY AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A laundry treatment apparatus comprising:a cabinet;
an outer tub that is disposed inside the cabinet;
a plurality of heat exchange tubes through which air discharged from the outer tub moves, the plurality of heat exchange tubes (i) being arranged to have a gap between adjacent heat exchange tubes and (ii) being parallel to each other;
a heat exchange tube housing that is configured to accommodate the plurality of heat exchange tubes and that defines an interior area configured to store cooling water;
a cooling water introduction passage that is coupled to a lower portion of the heat exchange tube housing and through which cooling water is provided to the heat exchange tube housing; and
a cooling water discharge passage that is coupled to an upper portion of the heat exchange tube housing and through which cooling water stored in the heat exchange tube housing is discharged.

US Pat. No. 10,138,588

CLOTHES DRYER VENTILATION SYSTEM

1. An item of ductwork comprising:a master duct, a damper, a filter assembly, and a vent;
wherein the damper, the filter assembly, and vent are attached to the master duct;
wherein the item of ductwork is adapted for use with a dryer;
wherein the dryer is located in a building;
wherein the dryer discharges exhaust air;
wherein the item of duct work routes the discharged exhaust air to an exhaust vent or into an interior of the building;
wherein the master duct is a tube;
wherein the master duct is further defined with a first end, a second end, a center axis; and a sidewall;
wherein the first end of the master duct is attached to the dryer;
wherein the master duct receives discharged exhaust air from the dryer;
wherein the second end of the master duct is attached to the exhaust vent;
wherein the master duct transports the discharged exhaust air to its final destination;
wherein the damper is a valve that is mounted within the master duct;
wherein the damper is further defined with an open mode and a closed mode;
wherein when the damper is in the open mode the discharged exhaust air flows unimpeded from the first end of the master duct to the second end of the master duct;
wherein when the damper is in a closed mode, the discharged exhaust air is diverted to the vent;
wherein the damper further comprises a baffle, a baffle mount, and a handle;
wherein the baffle is a plate that is mounted within the master duct;
wherein the baffle mount attaches the baffle to the master duct;
wherein the handle is attached to the baffle mount;
wherein the position of the baffle is adjustable;
wherein the handle adjusts the position of the baffle;
wherein the baffle directs a flow of the discharged exhaust air to the exhaust vent or into the interior of the building;
wherein the baffle mount comprises a first pivot and a second pivot;
wherein the first pivot connects the baffle to the sidewall of the master duct;
wherein the second pivot connects the baffle to the sidewall of the master duct;
wherein the baffle mount attaches the baffle to the master duct such that the first pivot and the second pivot create a center of rotation around which the baffle can rotate;
wherein the baffle mount attaches the baffle to the master duct such that the center of rotation runs through a center of the baffle;
wherein the baffle mount attaches the baffle to the master duct such that the center of rotation intersects perpendicularly through a center axis of the master duct.

US Pat. No. 10,138,587

HOUSEHOLD CLEANING APPLIANCE WITH A DISPENSING SYSTEM OPERABLE BETWEEN A SINGLE USE DISPENSING SYSTEM AND A BULK DISPENSING SYSTEM

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A household cleaning appliance configured to execute a cleaning cycle on an article, comprising:a cabinet defining an interior;
a rotatable drum located within the interior and defining a treating chamber for receiving an article for treating and wherein a rotational axis of the rotatable drum is vertical; and
a dispensing system configurable to operate with either single use dispensing functionality or bulk dispensing functionality based on user selection; wherein
the dispensing system includes:
a single use dispensing chamber located within the cabinet, wherein the single use dispensing chamber is fluidly coupled to the treating chamber, and wherein the single use dispensing chamber stores a single dose of treating chemistry that the dispensing system dispenses to the treating chamber as part of the execution of the cleaning cycle;
a bulk dispensing chamber configured to store multiple doses of a liquid treating chemistry; and
a treating chemistry meter fluidly coupled with the bulk dispensing chamber and the single use dispensing chamber, wherein the treating chemistry meter is configured to control dosing of the treating chemistry from the bulk dispensing chamber to the single use dispensing chamber as part of the execution of the cleaning cycle;
wherein the treating chemistry meter is configured to dispense at least one of the multiple doses of the liquid treating chemistry into the single use dispensing chamber such that the single use dispensing chamber is provided with bulk dispensing functionality to define a bulk dispensing system.

US Pat. No. 10,138,586

FABRIC TREATING APPARATUS

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A fabric treating apparatus comprising:a casing that comprises:
a treating chamber that is configured to receive clothes; and
a machinery room that is located below the treating chamber;
a base that is located at a bottom of the machinery room;
a heat pump module that is configured to condition air supplied to the treating chamber;
at least one supporter (a) that includes a shelf (i) that is supported by legs that are fixed to the base and (ii) that supports the heat pump module and that defines a space (i) between the base and the heat pump module and (ii) below the shelf and (b) that includes a first supporter fixing tab that includes a surface that faces the base and that is located at a lower part of at least one of the legs;
a steam generating module that is located in the space and that is configured to generate steam and supply steam to the treating chamber; and
a controller that is configured to control at least one of the heat pump module or the steam generating module, the controller being located in the space and below the steam generating module,
wherein the base includes a first supporter fixing part that includes a first supporter fastening hole that is configured to receive the first supporter fixing tab.

US Pat. No. 10,138,585

LAUNDRY TREATMENT APPARATUS

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A laundry treatment apparatus comprising:a cabinet having an introduction/discharge opening;
a drawer configured to withdraw from the cabinet through the introduction/discharge opening;
a through-hole formed in an upper surface of the drawer;
a tub that is located inside the drawer and that defines a space that is configured to receive water, the tub comprising a tub cover located vertically below the through-hole of the drawer;
an introduction aperture defined in the tub cover, the introduction aperture being located under the through-hole;
a drum rotatably provided inside the tub for receiving laundry supplied to the introduction aperture;
a door that is configured to open and close the introduction aperture, the door being configured to detachably couple to the tub cover that defines the introduction aperture; and
a door sensing unit that is configured to determine whether the door is opened in a state in which the drawer is inserted into the cabinet,
wherein the door sensing unit comprises a sensor that is located in the cabinet at a position vertically above the tub cover and that is configured to sense opening of the door based on the door contacting the cabinet in the state in which the drawer is inserted into the cabinet.

US Pat. No. 10,138,584

WASHING MACHINE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method for controlling a washing machine, the washing machine comprising a water reserve tub, a washing tub configured to rotate about a vertical axis in the water reserve tub, and a pulsator located at a lower portion of the washing tub and configured to rotate, the method comprising:increasing a rotation speed of the washing tub to a predetermined target rotation speed while at least a part of laundry is submerged in wash water in the washing tub;
maintaining the rotation speed of the washing tub at the predetermined target rotation speed for a predetermined time; and
decreasing the rotation speed of the washing tub from the predetermined target rotation speed, wherein:
a first degree of imbalance is sensed while the rotation speed of the washing tub increases,
the rotation speed of the washing tub decreases after reaching the target rotation speed,
after decreasing the rotation speed of the washing tub and based on determining that the first degree of imbalance is smaller than an allowable degree of imbalance, the laundry is dehydrated by draining the wash water from the washing tub and rotating the washing tub at an increased rotation speed,
a level of wash water of the water reserve tub is higher than a level of wash water of the washing tub and both are lower than an upper end of the washing tub while the rotation speed of the washing tub increases, and
based on the first degree of imbalance being larger than the allowable degree of imbalance, the laundry is redistributed by rotating at least one of the pulsator and the washing tub.

US Pat. No. 10,138,583

CLOTH CLAMPING DEVICE

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A cloth clamping device comprising:a clamping mechanism configured to come into contact with an upper surface of a cloth, among cloths placed so as to be stacked in the up-down direction, and to clamp the cloth with which the contact is made, the clamping mechanism including a support portion, a leg portion, a foot portion, and a clamping portion,
the leg portion being provided on the support portion such that a lower end of the leg portion protrudes below the support portion, and such that the leg portion is capable of moving up and down between an upper position in which the leg portion is positioned relatively upward with respect to the support portion, and a lower position in which the leg portion is positioned relatively downward with respect to the support portion,
the foot portion being provided on the lower end of the leg portion and protruding in a sideway direction from the leg portion, and coming into contact with the upper surface of the cloth when the leg portion is positioned in the upper position,
the clamping portion including a leading end portion and a base end portion,
the leading end portion facing the foot portion in the sideway direction, and
the base end portion being pivotally supported by the support portion, at a position in the sideway direction with respect to the leading end portion and above the leading end portion, and
the clamping portion
being positioned in a closed position when the leg portion is in the upper position and
being positioned in an open position when the leg portion is in the lower position,
the closed position being a position in which the clamping portion comes into contact with the upper surface of the cloth and the leading end portion is positioned above the foot portion, and
the open position being a position in which the leading end portion pivots downward with respect to the closed position and is positioned in a sideway direction with respect to the foot portion; and
an up-and-down movement mechanism configured to move the clamping mechanism up and down, the up-and-down movement mechanism being connected to the support portion.

US Pat. No. 10,138,582

THERMOPLASTIC NON-WOVEN TEXTILE ELEMENTS

NIKE, Inc., Beaverton, O...

1. A non-woven textile, comprising:a plurality of filaments at least partially formed of thermoplastic polymer material including a thermoplastic polyurethane, the plurality of filaments at least partially forming a layer of the non-woven textile having a first surface and an opposite second surface, the first and second surfaces each being at least partially exposed,
wherein the plurality of filaments form a first region and a second region,
wherein each of the first region and the second region having a continuous area of at least one square centimeter,
wherein the plurality of filaments of the second region are fused to a greater degree than the plurality of filaments of the first region;
wherein the plurality of filaments forms a third region of the non-woven textile,
wherein the plurality of filaments of the third region is fused to a greater degree than the plurality of filaments of the second region.

US Pat. No. 10,138,581

WOVEN FABRIC AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME

Twin Dragon Marketing, In...

1. A woven fabric comprising:a plurality of warp yarns; and
a plurality of weft yarns woven through the plurality of warp yarns, wherein
a first set of the plurality of weft yarns are woven through the plurality of warp yarns in a 6×1 pattern, and
a second set of the plurality of weft yarns are woven through the plurality of warp yarns in a 13×1 pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,138,580

NANOFIBER YARNS, THREAD, ROPE, CABLES, FABRIC, ARTICLES AND METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Multipure International, ...

1. A material comprising an assembly of two or more spun yarns twisted together to form a twisted pair, each of said yarns comprising:synthetic inorganic fibers, wherein a majority of said fibers: (a) are longer than 300 ?m, (b) have a diameter ranging from 0.25 nm and 700 nm, and (c) are substantially crystalline,
wherein said yarn has flexibility and a uniform number of said fibers as measured by a cross sectional cut, and
wherein said twisted pair is twisted while under a tension resulting in a pressure between the twisted pair ranging from 1 mPa and 30 TPa.

US Pat. No. 10,138,579

FIBER TOW TREATMENT APPARATUS AND SYSTEM

United States Council For...

1. A method of treating fiber tow, comprising:applying a nubbed roller to a first fiber tow having a first fiber tow size to produce a number of openings in the first fiber tow; and
via a pulling roller, immediately transferring the first fiber tow with the number of openings from the nubbed roller to a chopping station that includes the pulling roller and a chopper, wherein the chopper cooperates with the pulling roller to chop the first fiber tow, and wherein the step of transferring occurs after the step of applying without an intermediate step of processing therebetween; and
via the pulling roller and the chopper, chopping the first fiber tow with the number of openings to produce a second fiber tow having a second fiber tow size less than the first fiber tow size.

US Pat. No. 10,138,578

ALKALI RECYCLE IN CELLULOSE SPINNING PROCESS

1. Method for the recovery of sodium hydroxide in a process for preparation of regenerated cellulosic fibers using aqueous sodium hydroxide as solvent for cellulose or cellulose derivatives dissolving in the manufacture of a cellulosic spinning dope, wherein sodium hydroxide present in the cellulosic spinning dope is at least partially recovered as sodium hydroxide from a coagulation bath into which the cellulosic spinning dope is injected, and wherein die-swell of filaments and coagulation rate of cellulosic moieties in the coagulation bath are controlled by adjusting a spinneret hole diameter (D) and land length (L) to a L/D ratio below 4.

US Pat. No. 10,138,575

USE OF A FOAMABLE POLYMER FILAMENT, AND FOAMED FABRIC

Ten Cate Thiolon B.V., N...

19. An unfoamed, woven precursor textile having a warp and a weft and comprising filaments of chemically cross-linked polymeric material, containing a chemical blowing agent, which, on subjecting to a foaming temperature of at least 150° C., forms a closed-cell foamed fabric, wherein the weight of the filaments is between 10,000 dtex and 50,000 dtex.

US Pat. No. 10,138,574

BLOWING-ASSISTED ELECTROSPINNING

FANAVARAN NANO-MEGHYAS CO...

1. A method for fabricating nanofibrous articles, the method comprising:preparing a spinning solution by dissolving a polymer in a solvent;
mixing a vapor stream of the solvent with a stream of a pressurized gas at a predetermined ratio to obtain a pressurized solvent/gas stream;
feeding the spinning solution through an inner tube of a double-walled nozzle;
concurrently feeding the pressurized solvent/gas stream through an outer tube of the double-walled nozzle, wherein the inner tube is disposed coaxially within the outer tube;
applying an electrical field between a tip of the double-walled nozzle and a collector, wherein the double-walled nozzle is secured under the collector;
adjusting orientation of the double-walled nozzle with respect to the collector by rotating the double-walled nozzle along a rotational path ranging between 0° and 90°;
discharging the spinning solution and the pressurized solvent/gas stream concurrently from the double-walled nozzle; and
producing nanofibrous articles on the collector.

US Pat. No. 10,138,573

AUXILIARY HEATING DEVICE FOR ZONE MELTING FURNACE AND HEAT PRESERVATION METHOD FOR SINGLE CRYSTAL ROD THEREOF

1. An auxiliary heating device for a zone melting furnace, comprising:an auxiliary heater disposed below a primary heating coil in the zone melting furnace,
wherein said auxiliary heater is formed by winding a hollow metal circular pipe according to a spiral line type,
the winding start end of the auxiliary heater is positioned on the upper part,
the winding stop end thereof is positioned on the lower part,
an upper end part and a lower end part are horizontally guided out from the both ends respectively,
a hollow cylindrical heating load which is axially symmetrical is disposed on the inner side of the auxiliary heater,
a hollow cylindrical electrical insulation part is disposed between the heating load and the auxiliary heater,
the device also comprises hollow tubular electrodes each of which one end is provided with a water inlet and the other end is connected with the upper end part and the lower end part of the auxiliary heater respectively through metal sealing joints,
a cable connecting plate is welded to the side edge of each electrode and is connected with the power control cabinet through a water-cooled cable,
the power control cabinet is sequentially connected with a data analysis module and an infrared temperature measuring instrument through signal lines,
the auxiliary heater is independent of the primary heating coil,
when an alternating current is applied to the auxiliary heater through the power control cabinet, the auxiliary heater is configured to generate eddy current in the heating load to heat the heating load, and
the heating load is configured to apply thermal irradiation and thermal reflection to preserve heat.

US Pat. No. 10,138,571

METHOD FOR MAKING A SEMIMETAL COMPOUND OF PT BY REACTING ELEMENTS PT AND TE

Tsinghua University, Bei...

1. A method for making semimetal compound of Pt, the method comprising:providing a quartz tube having an open end and a sealed end opposite to the open end;
filling the quartz tube with quartz grains so that the quartz grains form a supporter at the sealed end;
filling the quartz tube with quartz fiber so that the quartz fiber form a filter on the quartz grains;
placing pure Pt and pure Te in the quartz tube as reacting materials, wherein a first purity of the pure Pt is greater than 99.9%, and a second purity of the pure Te is greater than 99.99%;
evacuating the quartz tube to be vacuum with a pressure lower than 10 Pa;
sealing the open end;
vertically accommodating the quartz tube in a steel sleeve so that the reacting materials is located at a bottom of the quartz tube and the quartz grains and the quartz fiber are located at a top of the quartz tube;
heating the steel sleeve to a first temperature from 600 degree Celsius to 800 degree Celsius and keeping the first temperature for a first period from 24 hours to 100 hours;
cooling the steel sleeve to a second temperature from 400 degree Celsius to 500 degree Celsius and keeping the second temperature for a second period from 24 hours to 100 hours at a cooling rate from 1 degree Celsius per hour to 10 degree Celsius per hour to obtain a reaction product comprising a crystal material of PtTe2; and
separating the crystal material of PtTe2 from the reaction product by reversing the steel sleeve.

US Pat. No. 10,138,570

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING GROUP 13 NITRIDE CRYSTALS COMPRISED OF GROWTH VESSELS STACKED WITHIN INNER VESSELS PLACED OVER SUPPORT TABLES WITH A CENTRAL ROTATING SHAFT AND REVOLVING SHAFTS ATTACHED TO THE SUPPORT TABLES

NGK INSULATORS, LTD., Ai...

1. A crystal growth apparatus comprising:a pressure-resistant vessel;
a plurality of support tables arranged inside said pressure-resistant vessel;
inner vessels placed over said support tables, respectively;
growth vessels contained in said inner vessels, respectively;
a heating means for heating said growth vessels;
a central rotating shaft connected to said support tables and revolving shafts attached to said support tables, respectively,
wherein said central rotating shaft is distant from central axes of said inner vessels,
wherein a seed crystal, a raw material of a Group 13 element and a flux are charged in each of said growth vessels, and wherein said growth vessels are heated to form a melt and a nitrogen-containing gas is supplied to said melt to grow a crystal of a nitride of said Group 13 element on said seed crystal while said central rotating shaft is rotated,
wherein said revolving shafts are configured to revolve while said crystal of said nitride of said Group 13 element is grown,
wherein distances between said revolving shafts and said central rotating shafts are equal to one another,
wherein said central axes of said inner vessels are arranged at positions which are point symmetrical with respect to said central rotating shaft, and
wherein said growth vessels are stacked in each of said inner vessels.

US Pat. No. 10,138,568

SEPARATION OF ALPHA EMITTING SPECIES FROM PLATING BATHS

International Business Ma...

1. A plating product fabrication method comprising:forming a first concentrate, the concentrate comprising a Tin (Sn) species and a trace amount of a Polonium (Po) species;
creating a circuit between a filtering anode and a filtering cathode; and
reducing the Po species from the concentrate by plating the Po species upon the filtering cathode.

US Pat. No. 10,138,567

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR IONIC LIQUID ELECTROPLATING

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A method for coating at least a first surface of a workpiece with a metallic coating, the method comprising:electrolytically etching a first portion of the workpiece in a container holding an ionic liquid plating solution, the etching step comprising subjecting the workpiece to an anodic potential and subjecting a counter electrode to a cathodic potential to remove at least a portion of an applied displacement layer, thereby (i) accumulating ionic byproducts of the removed portion of the displacement layer in the ionic liquid plating solution in the container and (ii) exposing and activating the first surface;
electrodepositing the metallic coating onto the exposed and activated portion of the first surface without removing the workpiece from the container or the ionic liquid plating solution, the electrodepositing step comprising subjecting the counter electrode to an anodic potential and subjecting the workpiece to a cathodic potential to deposit coating donor material from the counter electrode onto the surface to be coated; and
during at least one of the etching step and the electrodepositing step, fluidly communicating a portion of the ionic liquid plating solution through a porous scrubber disposed in the ionic liquid plating solution in the container between the workpiece and the counter electrode, the scrubber having a plurality of metallic outer surfaces in contact with the ionic liquid plating solution to capture at least some of the accumulated ionic byproducts of the removed portion of the displacement layer from the ionic liquid plating solution;
wherein a portion of the ionic byproducts adhere to the metallic outer surfaces of the scrubber during at least the etching mode, thereby regenerating the ionic liquid plating solution in situ by removing at least a portion of the ionic byproducts therefrom without removing the ionic liquid plating solution from the container.

US Pat. No. 10,138,565

HIGH-THROUGHPUT BATCH POROUS SILICON MANUFACTURING EQUIPMENT DESIGN AND PROCESSING METHODS

TruTag Technologies, Inc....

1. A bath-in-bath batch processing apparatus for producing porous semiconductor on a plurality of semiconductor wafers, comprising:an outer housing;
an inner housing removable from said outer housing, said inner housing operable to open and close, and forming a seal when closed;
an anode disposed at a first end of said inner housing;
a cathode disposed at an opposite end of said inner housing, said anode and said cathode coupled to electrical circuitry capable of providing an electrical power comprising electrical voltage and current;
a plurality of peripheral wafer clamps disposed to hold a plurality of semiconductor wafers where each clamp is able to hold a semiconductor wafer around its periphery using an angled shape cross section, wherein each periphery wafer clamp allows substantially all of a front and a back surface of each said plurality of semiconductor wafers exposure to an electrolyte;
a plurality of vent ports in said inner housing for allowing evolved hydrogen gas to escape.

US Pat. No. 10,138,564

PRODUCTION METHOD FOR RARE EARTH PERMANENT MAGNET

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A method for preparing a rare earth permanent magnet, comprising the steps of:immersing a sintered magnet body having a R1—Fe—B base composition wherein R1 is at least one element selected from rare earth elements inclusive of Y and Sc, in an electrodepositing bath of a powder dispersed in water, said powder comprising an oxide of R2 wherein R2 is at least one element selected from rare earth elements inclusive of Y and Sc, said electrodepositing bath being a slurry of the powder dispersed in water in a weight fraction of 20% to 70%,
effecting electrodeposition for letting the powder deposit on the surface of the magnet body in an area density of at least 10 ?g/mm2, by applying a voltage of 1 to 300 volts between the magnet body and a counter electrode for 1 to 60 seconds, and
heat treating the magnet body with the powder deposited on its surface at a temperature equal to or less than a sintering temperature of the magnet body in vacuum or in an inert gas.

US Pat. No. 10,138,563

HYDROGEN ENERGY SUPPLY SYSTEM USING OCEAN CURRENT POWER GENERATION

Japan System Planning Co....

1. A hydrogen energy supply system using ocean current power generation comprising:10 or more water wheel impeller type power generation devices that are arranged in water of a sea area where an ocean current flows, supported to float in the water by 10 or more first floating bodies respectively, moored at the bottom of the sea through anchors respectively, and that generate electric power by using the ocean current;
a second floating body that floats on the sea surface of the sea area and is moored at the bottom of the sea area through anchors having a liquid activation device for activating a liquid portion of the water of the sea area as an electrolyte solution, and uses each generated electric power from the 10 or more water wheel impeller type power generation devices, and has a seawater electrolysis device activated by the liquid portion supplied from the liquid activation device, including an electrolyzing means equal to or smaller than the 10 or more water wheel impeller type power generation devices in number that take in seawater and apply electrolysis to the seawater to generate a hydrogen gas, a hydrogen liquefaction device that converts the hydrogen gas generated by the seawater electrolysis device into liquid hydrogen, and a liquid hydrogen tank that stores the liquid hydrogen arranged thereon;
a hydrogen transporting ship that accommodates the liquid hydrogen stored in the liquid hydrogen tank and transports it by sea toward land;
an overland liquid hydrogen tank that stores the liquid hydrogen supplied from the hydrogen transporting ship;
a cylinder that accommodates the liquid hydrogen supplied from the overland liquid hydrogen tank; and
a hydrogen transporting vehicle that transports the cylinder to a consumer side on land;
wherein the seawater electrolysis device comprises:
the liquid activation device comprising:
a liquid activator including a black body radiation sintered body and an electromagnetic wave convergence body using a magnet that allows electromagnetic waves radiated from the black body radiation sintered body to pass while converging them to a fixed wavelength; and
assemblies integrated to form a liquid activation area where a liquid is activated by the electromagnetic waves on the inner side of the electromagnetic wave convergence body while arranging the black body radiation sintered body on the outer side and the electromagnetic wave convergence body on the inner side, a liquid portion of the seawater as an electrolyte solution being activated in the liquid activation area; and
the electrolyzing means comprises:
an electrolysis container which uses a titanium electrode as a negative electrode and uses a platinum electrode as a positive electrode and in which the seawater that the liquid portion supplied from the liquid activation device is activated—is put; and
a variable direct-current voltage source that applies a variable direct-current voltage to the negative electrode and the positive electrode; and
an ultraviolet ray irradiation source that irradiates the titanium electrode as the negative electrode with ultraviolet rays to form a titanium oxide layer on an outer surface of the titanium electrode, wherein the electrolyzing means applies electrolysis to the seawater having a liquid portion activated in the activation area to generate a hydrogen gas.

US Pat. No. 10,138,562

METHOD FOR CONVERSION OF WATER INTO HYDROGEN PEROXIDE AND CONVERTER

1. A method for conversion of water into hydrogen peroxide, said method comprising generation of corona discharge zone between a rotating electrode formed as a hollow rotor of a centrifugal fan and a fixed electrode, rotation of the rotating electrode relative to an insulation layer of the fixed electrode, applying high voltage AC power to the fixed electrode and conveying a water through the corona discharge zone;characterized in that:the rotating electrode is used for conversion of the water to the water vapor.

US Pat. No. 10,138,561

CERIUM CITRATE, METHOD OF MAKING AND CORROSION INHIBITOR COMPRISING CERIUM CITRATE

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A method of making cerium citrate comprising combining cerium carbonate and citric acid at a temperature of 60 to 90° C. for 5 to 7 hours in an inert atmosphere and cooling and reacting for 8 to 12 hours to produce cerium citrate and carbon dioxide.

US Pat. No. 10,138,557

METHOD FOR METALIZING POLYMER SUBSTRATE AND POLYMER ARTICLE PREPARED THEREOF

BYD Company Limited, She...

1. A method for metalizing a polymer substrate, comprising:providing a polymer substrate having a base polymer and at least one metal compound dispersed in the base polymer, the base polymer comprising a polymer, the at least one metal compound having a formula ABmOn, wherein A comprises at least one element selected from columns 8-11 of periodic table of elements, B comprises at least one element selected from columns 4, 6-8 and 13 of periodic table of elements, O is oxygen, and m is one of 1 and 2, n is one of 2, 3, and 4, and m irradiating a surface of the polymer substrate with an energy beam such that a water contact angle of the surface of the polymer substrate is at least 120°; and
performing chemical plating on the surface of the polymer substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,138,556

PLATING METHOD, PLATING APPARATUS, AND STORAGE MEDIUM

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

1. A plating method of performing an electroless plating process to a recess formed in a substrate, the plating method comprising:a loading process of loading the substrate in which the recess is formed into a casing;
a plating process of supplying a plating liquid to the substrate and forming a combined plating layer which is a barrier film or a seed film, on an inner surface of the recess; and
a burying process of burying a wiring material into the recess on which the combined plating layer has been formed,
wherein the plating process includes a first plating process of supplying a first plating liquid to the substrate and forming a first plating layer; and a second plating process of supplying a second plating liquid to the substrate and forming a second plating layer on the first plating layer, and
a concentration of an additive contained in the first plating liquid is different from a concentration of an additive contained in the second plating liquid,
a thickness of the first plating layer formed on the inner surface of the recess is greater at an upper portion of the recess than at a lower portion of the recess,
a thickness of the second plating layer formed on the inner surface of the recess is greater at the lower portion of the recess than at the upper portion of the recess, and
a thickness of the combined plating layer including the first layer and the second layer is uniform regardless of positions within the recess.

US Pat. No. 10,138,555

GAS CONTROL SYSTEM AND PROGRAM FOR GAS CONTROL SYSTEM

HORIBA STEC, CO., LTD., ...

1. A gas control system used for a vaporizer comprising: a tank adapted to contain a material; a carrier gas line adapted to introduce a carrier gas into the tank; a gas supply line through which a material gas produced by vaporizing the material and the carrier gas flow and led out of the tank; and a diluent gas line adapted to merge with the gas supply line and introduce a diluent gas into the gas supply line, the gas control system comprising:a first valve that is provided in the carrier gas line or provided in the gas supply line on an upstream side of a merging point with the diluent gas line;
a flow rate control mechanism that is provided in the diluent gas line and comprises a flow rate sensor and a second valve;
a first concentration sensor that is provided in the gas supply line on a downstream side of the merging point with the diluent gas line and adapted to measure a concentration of the material gas in a post-dilution mixed gas containing the material gas, the carrier gas, and the diluent gas;
a first valve control part adapted to control an opening level of the first valve so as to decrease a deviation between a preset setting concentration of the material gas in the post-dilution mixed gas and a post-dilution measured concentration of the material gas in the post-dilution mixed gas, the post-dilution measured concentration being measured by the first concentration sensor;
a diluent gas setting flow rate calculation part adapted to, on a basis of a preset setting total flow rate of the post-dilution mixed gas, the post-dilution measured concentration, and an estimated or actually measured concentration of the material gas in a pre-dilution mixed gas, calculate a diluent gas setting flow rate that is a flow rate of the diluent gas to be flowed through the diluent gas line; and
a second valve control part adapted to control an opening level of the second valve so as to decrease a deviation between the diluent gas setting flow rate and a measured flow rate measured by the flow rate sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,138,554

METHOD OF PLASMA TREATMENT OF AN INTERNAL AND/OR EXTERNAL SURFACE OF A HOLLOW ELECTRICALLY NON-CONDUCTIVE BODY AND A DEVICE FOR CARRYING OUT THIS METHOD

MASARYKOVA UNIVERZITA, B...

1. A method of plasma treatment of the internal and/or external surface of a hollow electrically non-conductive body wherein on the internal surface of the hollow electrically non-conductive body and/or on the external surface of the hollow electrically non-conductive body there acts a layer of electrical plasma of surface dielectric barrier discharge generated in a volume of gas by alternating or pulse voltage with an amplitude higher than 100 V from a pair of liquid electrodes formed by an internal electrically conductive liquid situated inside the hollow electrically non-conductive body and external electrically conductive liquid situated outside the hollow electrically non-conductive body, wherein the electrical plasma is generated above and in contact with the surface, of the internal electrically conductive liquid and/or of the external electrically conductive liquid, where in the volume of gas there forms a layer of electrical plasma forming a ring copying the shape of the surface of the hollow electrically non-conductive body, wherein the electrical resistance between the liquid electrodes is greater than 10 k?.

US Pat. No. 10,138,553

VACUUM TREATMENT APPARATUS

EVATEC AG, Trubbach (CH)...

1. A vacuum treatment apparatus comprising:a vacuum treatment chamber (13, 73) to perform a desired workpiece treatment of a workpiece and with a rigid wall;
a vacuum transport chamber (1, 61);
a handling opening common to said vacuum treatment chamber and to said vacuum transport chamber;
a workpiece transport (5, 65) for handling a workpiece from said vacuum transport chamber through said handling opening and into said vacuum treatment chamber, said transport being drivingly movable along a movement path (S) extending from said vacuum transport chamber through said handling opening and in said vacuum treatment chamber;
a workpiece support adapted to support a workpiece in said treatment chamber, said vacuum treatment chamber (13, 73) comprising a workpiece treatment compartment (13T, 75T) for a workpiece to which a surface of a workpiece to be treated on said workpiece support is exposed for treatment, said vacuum treatment compartment being located on one side of said movement path (S) in said vacuum treatment chamber and being equipped with units to perform the workpiece treatment and a pumping compartment (13P, 75P) opposite said workpiece treatment compartment (13T, 75T) with respect to said movement path (S) in said vacuum treatment chamber;
a pumping port arrangement for said workpiece treatment compartment, said pumping port arrangement consisting of at least one pumping port in said pumping compartment;
a controllable seal (17, 17a, 109, 79, 87, 83, 85) within said treatment chamber and controllably sealing off or freeing a first gas flow communication between said vacuum transport chamber (1, 61) and said pumping port (18, 101) through said handling opening and being constructed so as to separate a pumping area from an area of said vacuum treatment chamber with which said pumping port is in a second gas flow communication when said first gas flow communication is sealed off.

US Pat. No. 10,138,552

SUBSTRATE LOADING IN AN ALD REACTOR

PICOSUN OY, Espoo (FI)

1. A method comprising:loading a plurality of substrates into a substrate holder in a loading chamber of a deposition reactor, the loading chamber residing on top of a reaction chamber of the deposition reactor, to form a vertical stack of horizontally oriented substrates within said substrate holder, the loading chamber being in vacuum; and
turning the substrate holder within the loading chamber residing on top of the reaction chamber to form a horizontal stack of vertically oriented substrates and lowering the substrate holder from the loading chamber into the reaction chamber of the deposition reactor for deposition.

US Pat. No. 10,138,551

SUBSTRATE PROCESSING APPARATUSES AND SYSTEMS

GES Associates LLC, Phoe...

17. A system for processing one or more substrates, the system comprising:an outer chamber;
a process chamber disposed within the outer chamber;
a substrate support disposed in the process chamber to hold one or more substrates;
at least one electrical resistance heater comprising a sinusoidal heating element having a plurality of peaks disposed to delineate an outer radius and a plurality of troughs disposed to delineate an inner radius; a cross-section width of the sinusoidal heating element being a first function of a radial position and a cross-section thickness of the sinusoidal heating element being a second function of the radial position so that the sinusoidal heating element provides a constant heat flux at the radial position and forms a constant spacing between facing side surfaces of the sinusoidal heating element wherein the radial position is a value that ranges from the inner radius to the outer radius, the at least one electrical resistance heater comprising pyrolytic graphite electrical contacts and pyrolytic graphite electrical adapters press-fit coupled thereto and a thermally deposited silicon carbide overcoating, the at least one electrical resistance heater being disposed between the outer chamber and the process chamber so as to heat the substrate support;
at least one Coanda effect gas injector disposed proximate a peripheral edge of the substrate support so as to provide a Coanda effect gas flow over the surface of the substrate support, the at least one Coanda effect gas injector having a gas entry port, a plenum, a gas flow channel, and a gas exit port; the gas exit port being in fluid communication with the plenum via the gas flow channel, the gas entry port being in fluid communication with the plenum, the gas flow channel being formed by at least one convex surface of the Coanda effect gas injector so as to produce a Coanda effect gas flow;
at least one secondary gas injector disposed so as to provide a gas flow to the process chamber; and
a rotary coupling connected with the substrate support for rotating the substrate support;
wherein the cross-section thickness of the sinusoidal heating element is:
t=2?ri2Gti/(2?r2G?Sr)
 where
t is the cross-section thickness of the sinusoidal heating element,
r is the radial position,
? is the mathematical constant pi,
ri is the inner radius of the sinusoidal heating element,
ti is an initial trial thickness,
G is a geometry factor equaling an angular width of the sinusoidal heating element between the peaks and troughs divided by an angular size of the at least one electrical resistance heater, and
S is the constant spacing between facing side surfaces of the sinusoidal heating element;
wherein the cross-section width of the sinusoidal heating element is:
w=2?Gr?S
 where
w is the cross-section width of the sinusoidal heating element,
r is the radial position,
? is the mathematical constant pi,
G is a geometry factor equaling an angular width of the sinusoidal heating element between the peaks and troughs divided by an angular size of the at least one electrical resistance heater, and
S is the constant spacing between facing side surfaces of the sinusoidal heating element.

US Pat. No. 10,138,550

FILM DEPOSITION METHOD AND AN APPARATUS

TOSHIBA MEMORY CORPORATIO...

1. A film deposition method deposit a film in a groove, comprising:determining a thickness of a film to be deposited in the groove at several reference points comprising,
determining a solid angle for the several reference points on a side surface of the groove by a calculating device;
determining the thickness of the film to be formed at the several reference points in a reference deposition time based on a deposition model defining a predetermined correlation between the solid angle and the thickness of the film formed in the reference deposition time by the calculating device, the deposition time includes a first deposition time and a second deposition time after the first deposition time, wherein the thickness during the first deposition time is determined at a first reference point that lies in a first region extending from an upper edge of the groove in a downward direction by applying a first correlation and a second reference point that lies in a second region below the first region by applying a second correlation, and the thickness during the second deposition time is determined at a third reference point that lies in a third region extending from an upper edge of the film to be deposited on the groove during the first deposition time in the downward direction by applying a third correlation, the upper edge of the film being higher than the upper edge of the groove, and a fourth reference point that lies in a fourth region below the third region by applying a fourth correlation;
determining a shape of the film to be deposited in a region in which the several reference points lies based on the determined thickness by the calculating device; and
depositing the film based on the determined shape on the side surface of the groove by chemical vapor deposition.

US Pat. No. 10,138,549

SCANNING OPTICAL APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING REFLECTION MEMBER

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A method for manufacturing a scanning optical apparatus including a deflection unit configured to deflect a light flux and scan a scanned surface in a main scanning direction, a condensing optical system configured to guide the light flux from the deflection unit to the scanned surface, and a reflection member configured to reflect the light flux from the deflection unit which is not incident on an effective image area of the scanned surface, and a light-receiving element configured to receive the light flux from the reflection member, the method comprising:cutting an optical substrate in a first direction to form a first optical member;
providing the first optical member with a light-chamfered portion which is parallel to the first direction;
applying a reflection coating to the first optical member to form a reflection surface;
cutting the first optical member on which the reflection coating is applied in a second direction to obtain the reflection member, the second direction being perpendicular to the first direction; and
arranging the reflection member such that the light flux from the deflection unit passes through the light-chamfered portion and a first end surface of the reflection member, the first end surface being parallel to the first direction and a sub-scanning direction,
wherein the sub-scanning direction is perpendicular to the main scanning direction,
wherein the first end surface has a higher degree of corrosion resistance than a second end surface of the reflection member, the second end surface being parallel to the second direction and the main scanning direction,
wherein the light-chamfered portion is provided between the reflection surface and the first end surface, and
wherein the reflection coating is applied to the light-chamfered portion.

US Pat. No. 10,138,548

FILM THICKNESS MEASURING DEVICE, POLISHING APPARATUS, FILM THICKNESS MEASURING METHOD AND POLISHING METHOD

EBARA CORPORATION, Tokyo...

8. A film thickness measuring method for measuring a film thickness of a polishing target by, when eddy current formable in the polishing target is detected as an impedance by an eddy current sensor, receiving an input of the impedance and determining the film thickness from the input impedance, wherein when respective axes of a coordinate system having two orthogonal coordinate axes are associated with a resistance component and a reactance component of the impedance respectively, a point on the coordinate system which corresponds to the impedance forms at least a part of a circle, andwherein the film thickness measuring method comprises:
a step of calculating a tangent or angular degree of an intersection angle between a first straight line connecting a first point corresponding to the impedance for a film thickness of zero and a second point corresponding to the impedance for a non-zero film thickness and a diameter of the circle which passes through the first point; and
a step of determining the film thickness from the tangent or the angular degree.

US Pat. No. 10,138,547

SUBSTRATE CARRYING APPARATUS AND SPUTTERING DEVICE COMPRISING THE SAME

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An apparatus for carrying a substrate, comprising:a vertical bearing plate having a side surface as a bearing surface, the bearing surface being provided at left and right sides thereof with a plurality of positioning clips for positioning the substrate from left and right ends of the substrate; and
an upper holding base provided at an upside of the bearing surface, the upper holding base being provided with a plurality of holders for holding the substrate, each of the holders comprising:
a fixed splint provided at the upper holding base;
a moving splint for forming a clamp with the fixed splint;
a rotation arm having a driving end and a swing end, the rotation arm being hinged, at a point between the driving end and the swing end, to an upper end of the fixed splint, the swing end being fixedly connected with an upper end of the moving splint; and
a rotation driver connected with the driving end of the rotation arm, the rotation driver being configured to cause the clamp formed by the moving splint and the fixed splint to close by pushing the driving end, and to cause the clamp formed by the moving splint and the fixed splint to open by pulling the driving end.

US Pat. No. 10,138,546

APPARATUS AND METHOD TO COAT GLASS SUBSTRATES WITH ELECTROSTATIC CHUCK AND VAN DER WAALS FORCES

Corning Incorporated, Co...

1. A method of vacuum depositing a coating on a surface of a glass substrate, the method comprising:disposing a carrier and a glass substrate on an electrostatic chuck (ESC), such that the carrier is between the glass substrate and the ESC to form a chucking assembly, wherein the carrier comprises opposing first and second surfaces, and the glass substrate comprises opposing third and fourth surfaces, and further wherein at least one of the second surface and the third surface comprises a surface roughness Ra of from about 0.1 nm to less than 0.6 nm;
forming a Van der Waals bond between the second and third surfaces of the carrier and the glass substrate; and
vacuum depositing a coating on the glass substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,138,545

PROCESS FOR THE REMOVAL OF CONTAMINANTS FROM SPUTTERING TARGET SUBSTRATES

SCI ENGINEERED MATERIALS,...

1. A method for the removal of chromium contaminants on a ruthenium sputtering target used in plasma vapor deposition including the steps ofsubjecting the ruthenium sputtering target to grit abrasion followed by an organic solvent cleaning to result in a pre-cleaned target,
subjecting the pre-cleaned target to an electric field in an acidic bath including a surfactant, followed by subsequent water and air rinse.

US Pat. No. 10,138,544

SPUTTERING TARGET

SOLERAS, LTD., Biddeford...

1. A method for casting a reactive material PVD target, the method comprising the steps of:providing a mold defining an opening, the mold having a closed bottom portion, and a mandrel surrounded by an outer mold shell, the mandrel being hollow and thus having an inner wall;
placing a reactive material ingot into a reservoir assembled with the mold so as to be enclosed and sealed, the reservoir located above the mold so that molten reactive material to be cast into the mold flows into a top portion of the mold from above, and the reservoir being directly connected and sealed to a top portion of the mold;
forming a vacuum or inert atmosphere and melting the reactive material ingot in the reservoir;
heating the mold to above a casting temperature and forming a vacuum or inert atmosphere therein;
introducing molten reactive material from the reservoir into the opening of the mold; and
cooling the mold to form the reactive material PVD target.

US Pat. No. 10,138,543

METHOD OF ANALYZING GROWTH OF TWO-DIMENSIONAL MATERIAL

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of analyzing growth of a two-dimensional material, the method comprising:forming a two-dimensional material layer on a substrate, the two-dimensional material layer including defects;
depositing detection material layers on the defects, the detection material layers including a dielectric substance, the dielectric substance being an inorganic material that is a nitride,
wherein the nitride is one of AlN, Si3N4, and HfN4; and one of
capturing an image of the two-dimensional material layer on which the detection material layers are deposited and processing the captured image, or
obtaining map coordinates of the detection material layers and processing the obtained map coordinates.

US Pat. No. 10,138,542

MECHANICALLY GATED ELECTRICAL SWITCHES BY CREASING OF PATTERNED METAL/ELASTOMER BILAYER FILMS

University of Massachuset...

1. A strain-gated electrical switch comprising at least two conductive electrodes disposed on a surface of an elastomer substrate, the at least two conductive electrodes forming a gap between the at least two electrodes in an off-state of the strain-gated electrical switch, the gap diminishing under compressive strain to form a crease, the compressive strain pressing the at least two electrodes into contact with each other in an on-state of the strain-gated electrical switch.

US Pat. No. 10,138,541

METHOD FOR PRODUCING SUBSTRATE WITH TRANSPARENT ELECTRODE, AND SUBSTRATE WITH TRANSPARENT ELECTRODE

Kaneka Corporation, Osak...

1. A method for manufacturing a substrate with a transparent electrode in which a transparent electrode layer is provided on a transparent film substrate,the method comprising:
a deposition step of forming the transparent electrode layer on the transparent film substrate by a sputtering method, the transparent electrode layer being formed of indium tin oxide; and
a crystallization step of crystallizing the transparent electrode layer, wherein
in the deposition step, roll to roll sputtering deposition is performed using a sputtering target containing a sintered body of a solid dispersion of indium oxide and tin oxide while a sputtering gas containing argon and oxygen is introduced into a chamber,
an introduction rate Q of the sputtering gas introduced into the chamber is 200 sccm to 1500 sccm, and a pressure P in the chamber is 0.2 to 0.6 Pa, and
an effective exhaust rate S determined from the introduction rate Q of the sputtering gas and the pressure P in the chamber in accordance with the following formula is 1200 to 5000 (L/second):
S(L/second)=1.688×Q(sccm)/P(Pa).

US Pat. No. 10,138,540

INFILTRATION DEVICE AND METHOD

Tianhe (Baotou) Advanced ...

1. An infiltration device for performing infiltration treatment on surface layers of magnets comprising:a heating room having an annular groove formed by opposing inner walls and provided with a heating room opening end at a lower end;
a rotary bracket installed on a rotary tray;
a plurality of material boxes of cylindrical shape arranged on the rotary bracket, the material boxes adapted to be superimposed for supporting a single layer or a plurality of layers of the magnets;
the rotary tray having a central axis and arranged below the heating room opening end, the rotary tray adapted to move upward and downward whereby the rotary bracket and the material boxes enter the annular groove from the heating room opening end or exit the heating room opening end from the annular groove; and
a transmission device adapted to spin the rotary bracket in the annular groove and revolve around the central axis of the rotary tray;
wherein the heating room includes heating members provided at the opposing inner walls forming the annular groove, the heating members provided at an equal distance from a center of the rotary bracket to perform an equal-distance heating on the material box from both inner walls; and a heating room temperature keeping member, the heating room temperature keeping member forming the annular groove, wherein a surface layer of the heating room temperature keeping member comprises a reflective screen, and a fire-resistant temperature keeping material is filled inside the heating room temperature keeping member;
wherein the rotary tray includes a tray temperature keeping member for keeping the temperatures of the heating room and the material box; and a support member provided below the tray temperature keeping member, and a cooling channel provided inside the support member for maintaining a temperature of the magnets;
wherein each of the material boxes have a circular protrusion formed at a center of a bottom surface and a circular recessed groove formed at a center of an upper surface, and the protrusion of one material box and the recessed groove of an underlying material box are arranged to fit with each other whereby a plurality of material boxes are adapted to be superimposed on each other in a concentric positioning manner; and
wherein the rotary bracket has a circular recessed groove formed in its upper surface, and the recessed groove of the rotary bracket and the protrusion at the bottom surface of one of the material boxes are arranged to fit with each other whereby the one material box is placed on the rotary bracket in a concentric positioning manner;
vents provided at an upper portion of the heating room arranged in an annular array; and
a vent opening and/or closing unit provided below the vents inside the heating room for opening and/or closing the vents, the vent opening and/or closing unit having a reflective screen adapted to keep the temperature when the vent opening and/or closing unit is in a closed state, wherein the vents are not completely closed when the vent opening and/or closing unit is in the closed state.

US Pat. No. 10,138,539

METHOD OF MANAGING COATING UNIFORMITY WITH AN OPTICAL THICKNESS MONITORING SYSTEM

1. A method of managing thickness uniformity for coating layer on a substrate in a coating system comprising:under the application of a uniformity control system comprising a multi-mask set and a multi-beam optical monitoring system having a laser array and a detector array,
computing error function based on transmission of laser in all laser beams passing through the coating layer being formed on the substrate during a deposition process;
comparing the value of said error function of all laser beams to a predetermined constant value;
ceasing said deposition process when the value of said error function of all laser beams is less or equal to said constant value;
computing error function of each laser beam in said optical monitoring system once said deposition process is stopped;
computing deposition rates for each laser beam by plotting the value of error function of each laser beam against the time of said deposition process;
selecting the laser beam with a deposition rate different from other laser beams and identifying a certain area of said coating layer through which the laser beam passes;
adjusting said multi-mask set in a way that it is to affect the deposition process on said certain area of said coating layer so that a suitable deposition rate is to be applied to said certain area;
resuming next deposition process to form next coating layer under the adjustment of said multi-mask set.

US Pat. No. 10,138,538

ZNALMG-COATED METAL SHEET PRODUCED BY OPTIMIZED WIPING

ARCELORMITTAL, Luxembour...

1. A sheet comprising:a substrate made of steel having at least one surface; and
a metal coating on the at least one surface, the metal coating comprising a content by weight of Al from 0.5% to 8% and a content by weight of Mg from 0.3% to 3.3%, a remainder of the metal coating comprising Zn and inevitable impurities;
the sheet prepared by a process comprising the steps of:
providing the substrate;
depositing the metal coating over the at least one surface by dipping the substrate in a bath to obtain a sheet;
wiping the metal coating with a wiping gas via at least one nozzle projecting through at least one outlet, with the sheet being run in front of the nozzle, the wiping gas being ejected from the nozzle along a primary direction of ejection (E), and a confinement box delimiting a confined zone at least downstream of a zone of impact (I) of the wiping gas on the sheet; and
solidifying the metal coating,

Z being a distance between the sheet and the at least one nozzle along a primary direction of ejection (E), Z being expressed in m,
f02 being a volume fraction of oxygen in the confined zone,
d being an average height of the outlet of the at least one nozzle along a direction (S) of movement of the sheet running in front of the at least one nozzle, d being expressed in m,
V being a speed of movement of the sheet running in front of the at least one nozzle, V being expressed in ms?1, and
P being an excess pressure of the wiping gas in the at least one nozzle as compared to an atmospheric pressure, P being expressed in Nm?2.

US Pat. No. 10,138,537

7XXX SERIES ALUMINUM ALLOY MEMBER EXCELLENT IN STRESS CORROSION CRACKING RESISTANCE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Kobe Steel, Ltd., Kobe-s...

1. A member, comprising:a pair of flanges; and
a web connected to the flanges, a thickness of the web being from 1.5 to 4.0 mm,
wherein
the member is made of an aluminum alloy extrusion that comprises
Zn in a content of from 3.0 to 8.0 percent by mass,
Mg in a content of from 1.0 to 2.5 percent by mass,
Cu in a content of from 0.05 to 2.0 percent by mass,
Ti in a content of from 0.005 to 0.2 percent by mass,
at least one element selected from the group consisting of
Mn in a content of from 0.01 to 0.3 percent by mass,
Cr in a content of from 0.01 to 0.3 percent by mass and
Zr in a content of from 0.01 to 0.3 percent by mass and Al,
the member has a portion subjected to a reversion treatment and crushing in a direction perpendicular to an extrusion direction of the aluminum alloy extrusion and
the member satisfies conditions as follows:
1.5t?R?10t
Y??0.1X+1.4
Y=?sr/?0.2
X=[Mg]+[Zn]
where
R represents an inside bend radius of the web at the portion after said crushing;
t represents the thickness of the web;
?sr represents a tensile residual stress of the web at the portion;
?0.2 represents a 0.2% yield stress of the member;
[Mg] represents a content of Mg; and
[Zn] represents a content of Zn.

US Pat. No. 10,138,536

HIGH-STRENGTH HOT-ROLLED STEEL SHEET AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

JFE Steel Corporation, T...

1. A high-strength hot-rolled steel sheet including a chemical composition comprising, in percent by mass, 0.05% to 0.12% of C, 0.05% to 1.0% of Si, 0.5% to 1.8% of Mn, 0.04% or less of P, 0.0030% or less of S, 0.005% to 0.07% of Al, 0.006% or less of N, 0.05% to 0.15% of Ti, and the balance being Fe and incidental impurities, wherein, in a region in the range of ? to ? of the sheet thickness, the content of Ti*, which is Ti existing as precipitates, is 0.3×[Ti] to 0.6×[Ti], where [Ti] is the Ti content, and a microstructure of the region in the range of ? to ? of the sheet thickness includes more than 95% of the bainite phase in terms of area fraction.

US Pat. No. 10,138,535

MAGNESIUM ALLOY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPO...

1. A magnesium alloy thatcontains a atomic % of Ca and b atomic % of Al, totally contains k atomic % of at least one element selected from a group consisting of Zr, Ag, Y and Nd, contains a residue of Mg and
contains c volume % of (Mg, Al)2Ca,
a, b, c and k satisfying formulae (1) to (4) and (21) below,
wherein said (Mg, Al)2Ca is dispersed and
said at least one element is an element that enhances at least one of corrosion resistance and flame resistance:
3?a?7  (1)
4.5?b?12  (2)
1.2?b/a?3.0  (3)
10?c?30  (4)
0

US Pat. No. 10,138,532

NONFERROUS METAL MELTING FURNACE AND METHOD FOR MELTING NONFERROUS METAL

SANKEN SANGYO CO., LTD., ...

1. A nonferrous metal melting furnace, the furnace comprising:a heating chamber;
a recirculation metal pump configured to feed molten metal into the heating chamber and to recirculate molten metal discharged from the heating chamber;
a vortex chamber including:
an outer circumference wall defining an internal space about a central axis and defining a flow passage configured to receive a molten metal, the internal space in communication with the heating chamber;
a container having an outer wall about the central axis defining an opening at an upper side of the container in communication with the internal space;
a shoal portion defined about the opening of the container between the outer wall of the container and the outer circumference wall, the shoal portion in direct communication with the flow passage; and
a dam portion extending upward from a bottom surface of the shoal portion about the opening to partition the opening of the container from the shoal portion.

US Pat. No. 10,138,531

INDUCTION HARDENING CONTROL SYSTEM

NETUREN CO., LTD., Tokyo...

1. An induction hardening control system that is connected to an induction hardening apparatus configured so that a high-frequency inverter is connected to a capacitor and a heating coil and that controls an induction hardening to a work placed in the vicinity of the heating coil, comprising:a hardening control unit that controls the induction hardening apparatus based on setup conditions data regarding the induction hardening apparatus;
a hardening monitoring unit that measures, as measurement data, an electric quantity in an electric circuit configured to include the high-frequency inverter, the capacitor, and the heating coil to monitor an induction hardening status; and
a data collecting unit that collects data from various sensors in the induction hardening apparatus obtained when the work is subjected to the induction hardening by the induction hardening apparatus based on the setup conditions data outputted from the hardening control unit and that collects the measurement data from the hardening monitoring unit to store the data collected from the various sensors and the measurement data so that the data collected from the various sensors and the measurement data are associated to each other,
wherein the induction hardening apparatus has a current transformer which has a primary coil and a secondary coil, the primary coil being connected to the high frequency inverter via the capacitor, the secondary coil being connected to the heating coil,
wherein the hardening monitoring unit measures an output current from the high-frequency inverter or a voltage at the heating coil as the measurement data, the output current measured by a current sensor electrically connected to a wire between the high-frequency inverter and the capacitor, the voltage measured by a voltage sensor connected to the heating coil,
wherein the hardening monitoring unit further comprises a signal processing unit that rectifies the output current and the voltage to calculate a first effective value and a second effective value and removes noises by filters and a determination unit that determines whether the calculated first effective value and the calculated second effective value are within predetermined threshold values, and
wherein the setup conditions data is data for setting an output intensity and an output time from the high-frequency inverter in the induction hardening apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,138,530

METHOD FOR PRODUCING HIGH-STRENGTH GALVANNEALED STEEL SHEETS

JFE STEEL CORPORATION, T...

1. A method for producing high-strength galvannealed steel sheets, the method comprising:subjecting a steel sheet to an oxidation treatment, the steel sheet comprising C: not more than 0.3%, by mass %, Si: 0.1 to 2.5%, by mass %, Mn: 0.5 to 3.0%, by mass %, and Fe and incidental impurities, the oxidation treatment including heating the steel sheet in (i) an upstream stage at a temperature in the range of 400° C. to 750° C. in an atmosphere having an O2 concentration of not less than 1000 ppm by volume and a H2O concentration of not less than 1000 ppm by volume and (ii) a downstream stage at a temperature in the range of 600° C. to 850° C. in an atmosphere having an O2 concentration of less than 1000 ppm by volume and a H2O concentration of not less than 1000 ppm by volume;
then subjecting the steel sheet to reducing annealing, the reducing annealing including heating the steel sheet at a temperature in the range of 650° C. to 900° C. in an atmosphere containing 5% to 30% of H2, by vol %, 500 ppm to 5000 ppm of H2O, by volume, and a balance of N2 and incidental impurities; and
thereafter subjecting the steel sheet to a hot-dip galvanizing treatment and to an alloying treatment, the alloying treatment including treating the steel sheet at a temperature T (° C.) satisfying the following relationship for 10 to 60 seconds:
?50 log([H2O])+650?T??40 log([H2O])+680
where [H2O] represents the H2O concentration by volume ppm during the reducing annealing.

US Pat. No. 10,138,528

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR LASER HARDENING OF A SURFACE OF A WORKPIECE

1. Method of laser hardening of a surface of a journal of a crankshaft, said journal comprising a surface area to be hardened, said surface area extending in a first direction parallel with an axis of rotation of the crankshaft and in a second direction corresponding to a circumferential direction of the journal, said surface area comprising at least one more heat sensitive subarea and at least one less heat sensitive subarea, said at least one more heat sensitive subarea including an area adjacent to an oil lubrication hole of the crankshaft, the method comprising:projecting a laser beam from a laser source onto said surface area, so as to produce an effective laser spot on said surface area, the effective laser spot being formed by scanning the laser beam on said surface area such that the effective laser spot defines a region having a shape larger than the laser beam on said surface area, said effective laser spot extending, in said first direction, across the major part of said surface area to be hardened, wherein the effective laser spot extends, in said first direction across more than 50% of the surface of the journal;
moving the surface of the crankshaft in said circumferential direction relative to the laser source, so as to subsequently project the effective laser spot onto different portions of said surface area in the circumferential direction;
said effective laser spot featuring a two-dimensional energy distribution operative to induce hardening of the surface;
wherein the method comprises dynamically adapting while moving the surface of the crankshaft in said circumferential direction said energy distribution so that said energy distribution is different in said less heat sensitive subarea than in said more heat sensitive subarea including the area adjacent to an oil lubrication hole, so as to avoid overheating of said area adjacent to an oil lubrication hole.

US Pat. No. 10,138,519

UNIVERSAL SANGER SEQUENCING FROM NEXT-GEN SEQUENCING AMPLICONS

Quest Diagnostics Investm...

1. A composition comprising:a first oligonucleotide that comprises, in 5? to 3? order,
(a) a first region suitable for use as a Sanger sequencing primer;
(b) a spacer that is between about 5 and about 15 nucleotides long; and
(c) a third region suitable for use as a next generation sequencing (NGS) primer, and
a second oligonucleotide that comprises, in 5? to 3? order,
(a) a first region that is substantially identical to the third region of the first oligonucleotide; and
(b) a second region that is suitable for use as a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primer to amplify a target nucleotide sequence,
wherein the third region of the first oligonucleotide and the first region of the second oligonucleotide have a melting temperature (Tm) that is at least about 5° C. higher than the Tm of the second region of the second oligonucleotide,
wherein the total length of the spacer and the first and second regions of the second oligonucleotide is at least about 45 nucleotides (nt) long,
wherein the third region of the first oligonucleotide and the first region of the second oligonucleotide are selected from Table 2, and
wherein the third region of the first oligonucleotide and the first region of the second oligonucleotide do not include any sequence that is specific to the target nucleotide sequence.

US Pat. No. 10,138,515

ILLUMINATION OF INTEGRATED ANALYTICAL SYSTEMS

Pacific Biosciences of Ca...

1. A method for sequencing a nucleic acid comprising:providing an integrated analytical device comprising
an optically opaque cladding layer having a plurality of nanoscale apertures extending through the cladding layer into a transparent substrate below the cladding layer, the nanoscale apertures separated by regions of the substrate from any other nanoscale apertures, wherein the nanoscale apertures each define a reaction cell for receiving a set of sequencing reagents, the sequencing reagents comprising a plurality of fluorescently labeled nucleotides each having a different excitation spectrum;
a waveguide layer below the reaction cells comprising a plurality of waveguides that direct excitation illumination to the reaction cells; and
a detection layer below the waveguide layer comprising a plurality of sensor elements in optical communication with the reaction cells, wherein each reaction cell has at least one sensor element associated with it, wherein each sensor element comprises a pixel having multiple integrated storage elements;
carrying out nucleic acid sequencing reactions in the reaction cells while illuminating the reaction cells with a pulsed excitation light comprising pulses of at least two different excitation wavelengths iteratively over time, wherein each respective excitation wavelength in the at least two different excitation wavelengths of the pulsed excitation light corresponds to the excitation spectrum of a corresponding fluorescently labeled nucleotide in the plurality of fluorescently labeled nucleotides, and the excitation light at each respective excitation wavelength excites the corresponding fluorescently labeled nucleotide to emit a signal;
measuring emitted signals over time from each reaction cell while carrying out the sequencing reactions; and
correlating said emitted signals with the timing of the pulses of the pulsed excitation light to identify the fluorescently labeled nucleotides excited by the excitation light at each respective excitation wavelength in the at least two different excitation wavelengths, thereby sequencing the nucleic acid.

US Pat. No. 10,138,514

MODIFIED NUCLEOSIDES OR NUCLEOTIDES

Illumina Cambridge Limite...

1. A modified nucleotide or nucleoside molecule comprising a ribose or deoxyribose sugar moiety having a removable 3?-hydroxy protecting group forming a structure —O—CH(R)N3 covalently attached to the 3?-carbon atom, whereinR is selected from the group consisting of —C(R1)m(R2)n, —C(?O)OR3, —C(?O)NR4R5, —C(R6)2O(CH2)pNR7R8 and —C(R9)2O-Ph-C(?O)NR10R11;
R1 is hydrogen, or optionally substituted alkyl;
R2 is halogen;
R3 is hydrogen or optionally substituted alkyl;
each of R4 and R5 is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, and optionally substituted aralkyl;
each of R6 and R9 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl and halogen;
each of R7, R8, R10 and R11 is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, and optionally substituted aralkyl;
m is an integer of 1 or 2;
n is an integer of 1 or 2; provided that m+n is equal to 3; and
p is an integer of 0 to 6.

US Pat. No. 10,138,508

METHOD FOR MEASURING MODIFIED NUCLEOBASE USING GUIDE PROBE, AND KIT THEREFOR

FUJIREBIO INC., Shinjuku...

1. A method for measuring a modified nucleobase, the method comprising:(1) reacting a nucleic acid sample comprising a target nucleic acid containing the modified nucleobase, a capture probe, and a guide probe in a solution by incubation to form a hybrid including the target nucleic acid, the capture probe, and the guide probe;
(2) measuring the modified nucleobase using an antibody against the modified nucleobase in the solution comprising the hybrid obtained at (1),
wherein the capture probe is a nucleic acid molecule having the capability of hybridizing with the target nucleic acid,
wherein the guide probe hybridizes with the target nucleic acid in a second region different from a first region in the target nucleic acid with which the capture probe hybridizes,
wherein the guide probe is designed so as not to hybridize with the capture probe, wherein the capture probe and the guide probe are not bound to the antibody.

US Pat. No. 10,138,503

TRANSAMINASE REACTIONS

Codexis, Inc., Redwood C...

1. A process for preparing the compound of formula (III):having the indicated stereochemical configuration at the stereogenic center marked with an * in an enantiomeric excess over the opposite enantiomer,wherein, R10 is Cl, Br, F, CH3, CF3, CN, SO2, —OCH3, or NO2,the process comprising:(a) contacting a ketone substrate of formula:

wherein R11 is halogen, OH, C(O)R4, OC(O)R5, or NR6R7, wherein R4, R5, R6, and R7 is H or C1-C4 alkyl, and R10 is as defined above,with a transaminase polypeptide in the presence of an amino donor, wherein said amino donor comprises isopropylamine, alanine, 3-aminobutyric acid, or methylbenzylamine, under reaction conditions suitable for converting the ketone substrate to an amine product of formula:
wherein the amino acid sequence of the transaminase polypeptide has at least 90% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2, wherein the amino acid residue of the transaminase polypeptide which corresponds to the residue at position 223 of SEQ ID NO: 2 is proline, and wherein the transaminase polypeptide is capable of converting the ketone substrate to the amine product at a rate that is greater than that of a transaminase polypeptide comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:2; and
(b) cyclizing the amine product under suitable conditions to form the compound of formula (III).

US Pat. No. 10,138,497

AGENTS FOR IMPROVED DELIVERY OF NUCLEIC ACIDS TO EUKARYOTIC CELLS

Molecular Transfer, Inc.,...

1. A compound having the structure (II):
wherein each R1 independently is C1-C23 alkyl, C1-C23 alkenyl, (CO)C1-C23 alkyl, or —(CO)C1-C23 alkenyl;
each R2 independently is C1-C6 alkyl, or C1-C6 alkenyl, optionally interrupted by O;
each R3 independently is H, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 alkenyl, C2-C6 alkynyl, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, C3-C7 cycloalkyl-C1-C6 alkyl, C5-C7-cycloalkenyl, C5-C7-cycloalkenyl-C1-C6 alkyl, —(CH2)mNR6(CH2)nNHR7, —(CH2)2-6NHR7, —(CH2)3-6NHC(?NH)NH2, ((CH2)mOx)y(CH2)zOxR8, or —(CH2)0-3Het;
each R4 independently is H, C1-C6 alkyl, or C1-C6 alkenyl;
each R5 independently is H, an amine protecting group, —(CH2)mNR6(CH2)nNHR7, —(CH2)2-6NHR7, —(CH2)3-6NHC(NH)NH2, —(CO)C1-C23 alkyl, —(CO)C1-C23 alkenyl, or a peptide containing 1-20 amino acid residues;
each m independently is 2-5,
each n independently is 2-5,
each x independently is 0 or 1,
y is 0-2,
z is 1-6
R6 and R7 independently are H, an amine protecting group, —(CO)C1-C23 alkyl, or —(CO)C1-C23 alkenyl;
R8 is H, C1-C6 alkyl, or C1-C6 alkenyl
and
Het is a 5-7 membered monocyclic basic heterocycle, or an 8-11 membered bicyclic basic heterocycle.

US Pat. No. 10,138,494

WHOLE EXPRESSED CELL AS ANTIGEN CARRIER, AND USE THEREOF IN PREPARING VACCINE OR DIAGNOSTIC AGENT, AND SCREENING MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES

FORMOSA BIOMEDICAL INC., ...

1. An animal cell expression system for a target antigen of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), comprising an animal cell co-transfected with:(a) an expression plasmid containing a T7 promoter and an open reading frame (ORF) for a FEDV viral antigen protein or its fragment; and
(b) a vT7 recombinant vaccinia virus (vT7FBI) expressing T7 polymerase comprising a coding nucleotide sequence of SEQ ID No.3.

US Pat. No. 10,138,482

COMPOSITIONS FOR MODULATING C9ORF72 EXPRESSION

Ionis Pharmaceuticals, In...

1. A modified oligonucleotide according to the following formula:
or a salt thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,138,478

ANTIBODY LIBRARIES

Adimab, LLC, Lebanon, NH...

1. A method of making a library comprising synthetic polynucleotides that encode an antibody heavy chain containing at least about 104 unique antibody CDRH3 amino acid sequences, wherein each of the polynucleotides encoding the at least about 104 unique antibody CDRH3 amino acid sequences has an antibody CDRH3 amino acid sequence represented by the following formula:[TN1]-[DH]-[N2]-[H3-JH],
the method comprising:
(a) providing a theoretical segment pool containing TN1, DH, N2, and H3-JH segments, wherein, the DH segments are provided according to the following steps:
(i) obtaining a set of polynucleotide sequences of human IGHD genes and alleles;
(ii) progressively deleting one or more nucleotide bases from the polynucleotide sequences of (i) on either or both of the 5? and 3? ends;
(iii) systematically adding 0, 1 and/or 2 or more nucleotides to the 5? and/or 3? ends of the polynucleotide sequences from (ii);
(iv) translating the polynucleotide sequences of (iii) and selecting unique amino acid sequences to thereby provide the DH theoretical segment pool;
(b) providing a reference set of preimmune CDRH3 sequences having sequence diversities and length diversities similar to naturally occurring human antibody sequences before these sequences have undergone negative selection and/or hypermutation;
(c) utilizing combinations of the TN1, DH, N2, and H3-JH segments contained in the theoretical segment pool of (a) to identify the closest match(es) to each CDRH3 sequence in the reference set of (b);
(d) selecting segments from the closest match(es) identified in step (c) for inclusion in a library comprising synthetic polynucleotides that encode an antibody heavy chain; and
(e) synthesizing the synthetic polynucleotides that encode an antibody heavy chain;
wherein the diversity of the polynucleotides encoding the at least about 104 unique antibody CDRH3 amino acid sequences is created by polynucleotides having CDRH3 sequences that are different from the CDRH3 sequences of other polynucleotides; and
wherein the antibody heavy chain is a variable domain with framework (FRM) and complementary determining regions (CDR) comprising FRMH1-CDRH1-FRMH2-CDRH2-FRMH3-CDRH3-FRMH4.

US Pat. No. 10,138,458

MAGNETIC LYSIS METHOD AND DEVICE

Akonni Biosystems, Inc., ...

1. A device for lysing cells, comprising:a chamber, wherein inside of the chamber contains a magnetic stir element and a plurality of beads, wherein the chamber is dimensioned to allow rotation of the magnetic stir element inside the chamber and wherein the chamber is placed on a surface; and
a magnet in the proximity of the chamber and not below the chamber, wherein the magnet is located above the bottom of the chamber and produces a varying magnetic field by rotating the magnet along an axis that is located above the bottom of the chamber and is parallel to the surface the chamber is placed on or the magnet is located on a side of the chamber, and produces a varying magnetic field by rotating the magnet along an axis that is located on the side of the chamber, wherein the axis passes through the center of the magnet, and wherein the chamber is in operational range of the varying magnetic field such that motions of the magnet stir element and the plurality of beads inside of the chamber are driven by the varying magnetic field.

US Pat. No. 10,138,456

CELL CONCENTRATION ADJUSTMENT DEVICE, AND AUTOMATIC SUBCULTURE SYSTEM USING SAME

HITACHI HIGH-TECHNOLOGIES...

8. A method for diluting a cell suspension containing cells at a first concentration into a second, desired concentration, the method comprising:receiving, via an inlet, a cell suspension containing cells at a first concentration;
intermittently or continuously measuring an intensity of scattered light or transmitted light of light emitted to the cell suspension in a state where the cell suspension is flowing, to thereby collect data related to a cell concentration as the light intensity;
comparing the obtained data with a relationship between cell concentration and light intensity which is determined in advance to convert the data to a cell concentration; and
calculating an amount of a dilution liquid required for dilution to the desired concentration, adding the amount of a dilution liquid to the cell suspension, and mixing the dilution liquid with the cell suspension; and
discharging, via an outlet, a cell suspension containing cells at a second, desired concentration which is lower than the first concentration at the inlet,
wherein said mixing the dilution liquid with the cell suspension further comprises driving a liquid delivery pump to cause the cell suspension and the dilution liquid to repeatedly flow in a circulation flow path until a variation in the measured cell-concentration converges to a value within a predetermined range, to thereby mix the cell suspension and the dilution liquid.

US Pat. No. 10,138,455

INCUBATOR CHAMBER

1. An incubator chamber configured to provide an atmosphere-controlled environment, comprising:a base, a lid, and a clamp, wherein the base and lid define an interior space when coupled together;
wherein the base comprises a first flange comprising an indentation sized and dimensioned to receive a sealing ring;
wherein the base further comprises a gas distribution port coupled with a gas inlet and a gas outlet, and wherein the gas distribution port is fluidly coupled with a gas distribution portion having an upwardly slanted ramp, such that the gas distribution portion disrupts a flow of a gas from the gas inlet into the interior space;
first and second trays disposed within the interior space;
wherein the first tray comprises a bottom portion having a plurality of legs disposed about a perimeter of the first tray, wherein the legs extend downwardly from the bottom portion of the first tray, and wherein the plurality of legs are each sized to be placed between a pair of upwardly extending ribs of the base to prevent rotation of the first tray with respect to the base;
wherein the second tray comprises a bottom portion having a second plurality of legs disposed about a perimeter of the second tray, which are sized and dimensioned to mate with an upward projection of the first tray, such that the second tray is stably stacked on top of the first tray by the second plurality of legs;
wherein the lid comprises a second flange sized and dimensioned to mate with at least one of the first flange and the sealing ring of the base; and
wherein the clamp comprises (a) an inner perimeter cavity sized and dimensioned to concurrently receive at least a portion of the first flange and at least a portion of the second flange, and (b) a levered locking mechanism that is configured to tighten the clamp about the at least the portion of the first flange and the at least the portion of the second flange.

US Pat. No. 10,138,454

CULTURE CONTAINER

NISSHA PRINTING CO., LTD....

1. A culture container comprising:a transparent container main body having a recessed part configured to contain a culture solution, the recessed part including a bottom part and a tubular part;
a transparent presser member that is removably fitted onto an upper side of the recessed part, the presser member having
a lower-surface part that makes contact with an upper surface of the culture solution in a fitted state, in which the presser member is fitted to the container main body, to press the upper surface of the culture solution, and
a tubular part having a lower end connected an outer circumferential edge of the lower-surface part and an outer circumferential surface proximately opposing an inner circumferential surface of the tubular part of the recessed part, the tubular part opening upward to directly and entirely expose an upper surface of the lower-surface part outside of the culture container through an opening of the tubular part such that the culture solution is observable from the outside of the culture container through the lower-surface part in the fitted state; and
a bubble-discharge passage that is formed by the outer circumferential surface of the tubular part of the presser member and the inner circumferential surface of the tubular part of the recessed part, the outer circumferential surface of the tubular part of the presser member facing the inner circumferential surface of the tubular part of the recessed part, the bubble-discharge passage enabling discharge of bubbles in the culture solution to an exterior.

US Pat. No. 10,138,453

CELL CULTURE ARRAY SYSTEM FOR AUTOMATED ASSAYS AND METHODS OF OPERATION AND MANUFACTURE

EMD Millipore Corporation...

1. A microfluidic cell culture system integrated into a standard well plate, the microfluidic cell culture system comprising:a medium inlet reservoir fluidically connected to a plurality of microfluidic medium channels; a plurality of cell culture areas each located at an end of a cell culture channel;
said cell culture channel having a cell inlet opening fluidically connected to a cell inlet/medium outlet reservoir for introducing cells to said plurality of cell culture areas and for removing media;
a first well in communication with the medium inlet reservoir acting as a medium inlet; a second well in communication with the cell inlet/medium outlet reservoir acting as a cell inlet/medium outlet;
a third well acting as a viewing well for the plurality of cell culture areas;
a perfusion barrier between said plurality of cell culture areas and said plurality of microfluidic medium channels, said perfusion barrier containing a plurality of perfusion passages;
such that fluid introduced into said medium inlet reservoir must pass through said perfusion barrier before reaching said cell inlet/medium outlet reservoir; wherein a plurality of said perfusion passages are substantially narrower than cells to be cultured.

US Pat. No. 10,138,452

OBJECT-HOLDING DEVICE

YAMAHA HATSUDOKI KABUSHIK...

1. An object-holding device, comprising:a container configured to store a liquid and having an upper opening for charging an object into the stored liquid, and a bottom wall;
a plate having an upper surface and a lower surface and immersed into the liquid in a state in which the lower surface is spaced away from the bottom wall of the container, the plate including one or a plurality of holding portions arranged on the upper surface side and configured to carry the object, and a through hole formed at a position at which, the holding portion is arranged, and passing through the holding portion from the upper surface to the lower surface; and
a dispersing mechanism configured to form, in the through hole, a liquid flow which flows from the lower surface side toward the upper surface side to raise the object carried on the holding portion, wherein
the container includes:
a tubular inner peripheral wall including an upper end portion configured to define the upper opening, and a lower end portion configured to hold a peripheral edge of the plate;
a tubular outer peripheral wall including an upper edge portion continuously provided to the inner peripheral wall and a lower edge portion continuously provided to the bottom wall; and
a closed region that the inner peripheral wall, the outer peripheral wall, the bottom wall, and the plate form, and in a state in which the container stores the liquid so that a liquid surface of the liquid is positioned above the plate, the through hole is closed by the liquid retained on the plate such that the closed region becomes a sealed region; and
wherein
the dispersing mechanism forms the liquid flow by generating a pressurization force to the liquid surface in the closed region,
the closed region is formed with a space in which air is retained, and
the dispersing mechanism includes a pressure regulator configured to pressurize the space.

US Pat. No. 10,138,451

CELL CULTURE DISH SUPPORTING SIMULTANEOUSLY JUXTAPOSED AND SEPARATED CULTURES

1. A cell or tissue culture assembly for assessing signal communication of physically separated cell or tissue cultures, the cell or tissue culture assembly made of non media-permeable material and having a base and a plurality of separate juxtaposed side-by-side wells having common interior well walls preventing physical contact or movement of chemical factors between the separated cell or tissue cultures, the walls having different heights and defining an outer “surround” cell or tissue culture and one or more inner “center” cell or tissue cultures to enable contained cell or tissue communication between the well spaces, the wells configured to comprise two or more cell or tissue cultures, the wells permitting signal communication between the cells or tissues situated within said wells.

US Pat. No. 10,138,450

CELL CULTURE DEVICE

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

1. A cell culture device that cultures cells comprising:a cabinet;
a liquid solution holding part that holds one or more liquid solutions for use in cultivation of cells; and
a plurality of passages that individually connect the liquid solution holding part to a plurality of culture vessels;
a culture vessel base that holds the plurality of culture vessels, and configured to be detachable and attachable in the cabinet; and
an observation device configured to observe an inside of the plurality of culture vessels,
wherein the passages have an equal length from the liquid solution holding part to the plurality of culture vessels,
wherein the culture vessel base defines a vacant space,
wherein the passages are disposed on an outer side of the culture vessel base, and
wherein, when the culture vessel base is attached in the cabinet, the observation device is disposed in the vacant space.

US Pat. No. 10,138,449

REDUCED CALORIE BEVERAGE OR FOOD PRODUCT AND PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR MAKING SAME

SQUARE SON INTELLECTUAL P...

1. A process for removing sugar from a sugar-containing plant: derived juice or liquid and preparing a plant-derived beverage or food product, the process comprising:(a) (i) aerating some of the sugar-containing plant-derived juice or liquid with oxygen-containing gas;
(ii) adding yeast to the aerated juice or liquid;
(iii) aerobically fermenting the aerated juice or liquid with the yeast in a first fermenter to remove a portion of sugar therefrom by producing ethanol to produce a first fermentation product comprising yeast, sugar, and ethanol, while continuously adding oxygen-containing gas to the first fermenter by bubbling so as to dissolve oxygen into the juice or liquid and provide an aerobic environment to the yeast;
(iv) adding further sugar-containing, plant-derived juice or liquid to the first fermentation product while continuing to add oxygen-containing gas to the first fermenter by bubbling;
(v) displacing a portion of the first fermentation product away from the first fermenter and into a secondary fermenter and continuously adding oxygen-containing gas to the secondary fermenter by bubbling so as to dissolve oxygen into the displaced portion, thereby providing an aerobic environment to the yeast in the displaced portion;
(vi) aerobically fermenting the displaced portion to remove sugar therefrom while producing further ethanol in the displaced portion; and
(b) removing a portion of the ethanol from the displaced portion by evaporation, while maintaining the displaced portion of the fermentation product at a temperature of less than 78° C., to produce the plant-derived beverage or food product from the displaced portion,
wherein substep (a) (iv) is initiated within 9.5 hours of initiation of substep (a)(ii),
wherein substeps (a) (iv), (v), and (vi) occur simultaneously and continuously.

US Pat. No. 10,138,445

CLEANING PRODUCT

1. A cleaning product comprising a spray dispenser and a cleaning composition suitable for spraying, the composition housed in the spray dispenser wherein the composition comprises:i. about 5% to about 15% by weight of the composition of a surfactant system comprising:
ii. about 40% to about 90% by weight of the surfactant system of a non-ionic surfactant;
iii. about 10 to about 60% by weight of the surfactant system of a co-surfactant selected from anionic, amphoteric, zwitteronic and mixtures thereof;
iv. a glycol ether solvent selected from the group consisting of glycol ethers of Formula I: R 1O(R2O)nR3, Formula II: R4O(R5O)nR6 and mixtures thereof
wherein
R1 is a linear or branched C4, C5 or C6 alkyl or phenyl, R2 is ethyl or isopropyl,
R3 is hydrogen or methyl and n is 1, 2 or 3
R4 is n-propyl or isopropyl, R5 is isopropyl, R6 is hydrogen or methyl and n is 1, 2 or 3;
v. an alkanol amine; and
vi. bicarbonate.

US Pat. No. 10,138,439

LUBRICATION MATERIAL USING SELF-DISPERSED CRUMPLED GRAPHENE BALLS AS ADDITIVES IN OIL FOR FRICTION AND WEAR REDUCTION

NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY, ...

1. A method for forming a lubrication material, the method comprising:providing a lubricant base fluid;
adding crumpled graphene balls as additives in the lubricant base fluid;
sonicating the lubricant base fluid with the additives for a sonicating time period, so that the crumpled graphene balls are self-dispersed in the lubricant base fluid to improve friction and wear properties of the lubricant base fluid; and
adding a dispersing agent in the lubricant base fluid to enhance stability of dispersion of the crumpled graphene balls in the lubricant base fluid,
wherein the lubricant base fluid is a polyalphaolefin type-4 (PAO4) oil, and the dispersing agent is Triethoxysilane.

US Pat. No. 10,138,437

WATER-SOLUBLE LUBRICANT OIL

SANYO CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES...

1. A water-soluble lubricating oil, comprising:a water-soluble base (A) comprising at least one polyether (A1),
a corrosion inhibitor (B), and
an antioxidant (C);
wherein the polyether (A1) comprises a polyether (A1-1) represented by formula (1),

wherein R1 is hydrogen or a hydrocarbon group having a valence of k and 1 to 12 carbon atoms; A1 is an ethylene group; R2 is hydrogen or a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms; k is an integer of 1 to 6; and j is an integer to allow the polyether (A1-1) to have a number average molecular weight of 62 to 8,000, and
wherein the corrosion inhibitor (B) comprises at least one corrosion inhibitor selected from the group consisting of a triethanolamine and a cyclohexylamine EO adduct,
wherein the water-soluble lubricating oil contains the polyether (A1) in an amount of 88.0 to 98.9% by weight, the corrosion inhibitor (B) in an amount of 1.0 to 10.0% by weight, and the antioxidant (C) in an amount of 0.1 to 2.0% by weight, based on the total weight of the polyether (A1), the corrosion inhibitor (B), and the antioxidant (C), and
wherein when the water-soluble lubricating oil is measured by a pendant-drop method using a 0.1% by weight aqueous solution of the water-soluble lubricating oil, the water-soluble lubricating oil has a surface tension of 31 mN/m or higher.

US Pat. No. 10,138,436

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONVERTING FOOD WASTE INTO FUEL

KOREA INSTITUTE OF CIVIL ...

1. A system for converting food waste into a fuel product and a methane gas by thermally decomposing the food waste, comprising:a food waste storage tank in which food waste collected from a region is stored;
a plurality of solar concentrators configured to collect a sunlight and concentrate the sunlight on a plurality of predetermined region;
a plurality of thermal decomposition reactors, wherein each thermal decomposition reactor is disposed in a predetermined region on which the sunlight is concentrated by a corresponding solar concentrator of the plurality of solar concentrators and is configured to discharge the fuel product and the methane gas produced through thermal decomposition of the food waste;
a transferring device configured to transfer the food waste to the plurality of thermal decomposition reactors from the food waste storage tank, wherein a transfer speed of the transferring device is controllable to provide the food waste to each thermal decomposition reactor in an amount that can be treated by a single associated solar concentrator;
a controller, coupled to the solar concentrators, the thermal decomposition reactors, and the transferring device, wherein the controller is configured to control the transfer speed of the transferring device, a driving of the plurality of solar concentrators, and a thermal decomposition reaction in the plurality of thermal decomposition reactors;
a plurality of fermenters, wherein each fermenter is disposed in a region at a front end of a corresponding thermal decomposition reactor of the plurality of thermal decomposition reactors and is configured to temporarily contain and ferment the food waste transferred from the food waste storage tank before provision to the corresponding thermal decomposition reactor; and
a collecting duct configured to collect the methane gas generated from the plurality of thermal decomposition reactors, wherein the methane gas is separated and collected from the fuel product,
wherein the plurality of thermal decomposition reactors and the plurality of fermenters are formed to be sealed to remove an odor,
wherein each thermal decomposition reactor is configured to discharge the food waste thermally decomposed through the region in which the corresponding fermenter is disposed, so to provide thermal energy to ferment the food waste contained in the corresponding fermenter.

US Pat. No. 10,138,434

SURFACE TREATMENT METHOD AND DEVICE TREATED THEREBY

General Electric Company,...

1. A surface treatment method, the method comprising:contacting a substrate with a treatment material, the substrate comprising a metallic element, the treatment material comprising an alkaline earth metal element, an alkali metal element, or any combination thereof; and
forming on the substrate a surface layer comprising a first oxide of the alkaline earth metal element or the alkali metal element, and a second oxide of the metallic element, wherein the treatment material comprises a perovskite material, ceria or barium carbonate, wherein the treatment material is sintered before contacting the substrate, wherein the step of forming is at a temperature in a range from 600° C. to 1400° C. in the presence of nitrogen and steam, and comprising the step of:
separating the treatment material from the substrate after the step of forming, wherein the treatment material is separated from the substrate, the substrate having a substrate layer, and the surface layer is present on the substrate layer.

US Pat. No. 10,138,433

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PURIFYING A MIXTURE COMPRISING OIL AND WAX

Sulzer Chemtech AG, Wint...

1. A method for fractionating a crude mixture comprising at least one oil and at least one wax, which comprises the following steps:(a) mixing the crude mixture with a solvent to obtain a crude solvent-mixture,
(b) carrying out at least one crystallization stage with the solvent-mixture obtained in step (a) to prepare a first fraction containing dewaxed oil and a second fraction containing slack wax,
(c) carrying out at least one crystallization stage with the second fraction obtained in step (b) in a layer crystallizer, wherein to the second fraction prior to the crystallization in step (c) no solvent or at most 100% by weight of solvent relative to the weight of the second fraction are added, to prepare a third fraction containing hard wax having an oil content of at most 1.5% by weight and a fourth fraction containing soft wax having an oil content of more than 1.5% by weight and
(d) circulating at least a part of the fourth fraction into at least one of the at least one crystallization stage of step (b).

US Pat. No. 10,138,432

PROCESS FOR REMOVING METALS FROM HYDROCARBONS

1. A process for the removal of mercury from a mercury-containing hydrocarbon fluid feed, the process comprising the steps of:(i) contacting the mercury-containing hydrocarbon fluid feed with a metallate salt immobilised on a solid support material, where the metallate salt has the formula:
[Q+][(Mx+)n(Ly?)m](nx?my)
wherein: each Mx+ independently represents one or more metal cations selected from transition metal cations having a charge of x+;
each Ly? independently represents a ligand having a charge of y?;
n is 1,2 or 3;
m is 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8;
x is 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6;
y is 1, 2, or 3,
(nx?my) is a negative number, and
[Q+] represents one or more inorganic cations having a total charge of (my?nx); and
(ii) separating from the metallate salt a hydrocarbon fluid product having a reduced mercury content compared to the mercury-containing fluid feed.

US Pat. No. 10,138,431

METHOD AND REACTOR FOR CRACKING HYDROCARBON

General Electric Company,...

1. A method for inhibiting coke deposit formation in a hydrocarbon cracking reactor having an inner surface accessible to said hydrocarbon and wherein a hydrocarbon feedstock comprising ethane is cracked in the presence of steam to form ethylene, said inner surface comprising a perovskite material of formula AaBbCcDdO3??, wherein 0 B is selected from lithium (Li), sodium (Na), potassium (K), rubidium (Rb), and any combination thereof;
C is selected from cerium (Ce), zirconium (Zr), antimony (Sb), praseodymium (Pr), titanium (Ti), chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), cobalt (Co), nickel (Ni), gallium (Ga), tin (Sn), terbium (Tb) and any combination thereof; and
D is selected from lanthanum (La), cerium (Ce), praseodymium (Pr), neodymium (Nd), promethium (Pm), europium (Eu), gadolinium (Gd), terbium (Tb), dysprosium (Dy), holmium (Ho), erbium (Er), thulium (Tm), ytterbium (Yb), lutetium (Lu), scandium (Sc), titanium (Ti), vanadium (V), chromium (Cr), manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), cobalt (Co), nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), yttrium (Y), zirconium (Zr), niobium (Nb), molybdenum (Mo), technetium (Tc), palladium (Pd), silver (Ag), cadmium (Cd), hafnium (Hf), tantalum (Ta), tungsten (W), rhenium (Re), osmium (Os), iridium (Ir), platinum (Pt), gold (Au), gallium (Ga), indium (In), tin (Sn), antimony (Sb) and any combination thereof, said perovskite material gasifying said coke to produce CO, CO2, and hydrogen.

US Pat. No. 10,138,427

SEPARATION OF HYDROCARBONS FROM PARTICULATE MATTER USING SALT AND POLYMER

EXTRAKT PROCESS SOLUTIONS...

1. A process for separating hydrocarbon from a composition comprising hydrocarbon and solids, the process comprises treating the composition with an aqueous mixture including at least one highly water soluble salt, at least one polymer flocculent and at least one organic diluent to separate the hydrocarbon from the composition;wherein the treated composition has a salt-composition concentration of the at least one highly water soluble salt of no less than about 1 wt %.

US Pat. No. 10,138,426

COMBINED HYDROTHERMAL LIQUEFACTION AND CATALYTIC HYDROTHERMAL GASIFICATION SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR CONVERSION OF BIOMASS FEEDSTOCKS

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A continuous process, comprising the steps of:providing a biomass conversion product comprising a bio oil fraction and an aqueous fraction, wherein each fraction is separable from the other fraction;
continuously separating the bio oil fraction from the aqueous fraction by coalescing bio oil droplets, wherein said coalescence takes place at a temperature from ambient to about 360° C. and a pressure between about 100 atm and 210 atm; and
converting at least a portion of the aqueous fraction to a product gas containing a fuel gas.

US Pat. No. 10,138,424

EXHAUST SYSTEM FOR A BIOCHAR KILN

BIOCHAR NOW, LLC, Lovela...

1. An exhaust system for a biochar kiln, comprising:a chimney of the biochar kiln;
a first forced air inlet on the chimney to draw smoke through the chimney during a preheating stage to prime the chimney, the first forced air inlet being connected to a first blower;
a second forced air inlet operatively coupled with the chimney, the second forced air inlet being connected to a second blower,
wherein the second blower is activated to increase airflow when air naturally occurring in a smoke stream in the chimney is insufficient, the second blower deactivated when there is sufficient air; and
both a temperature sensor and an oxygen sensor with feedback to a controller,
wherein the controller activates and deactivates the first blower and the second blower based on input from the temperature sensor and the oxygen sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,138,423

RESVERATROL-BASED FLAME RETARDANT MATERIALS

International Business Ma...

1. A process comprising forming a resveratrol-based flame retardant small molecule by chemically reacting a resveratrol molecule with a phosphonate molecule that includes a chloride group and a terminal functional group, the terminal functional group selected from the group consisting of: an epoxide group, a lactone group, an amine group, and a carboxyl group.

US Pat. No. 10,138,421

HOT MELT INTUMESCENT MATERIALS FOR FIRE PROTECTION

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

1. A free-standing solid intumescent material comprising:(a) 30 wt % or less, based on total weight of the intumescent material, of a hot melt thermoplastic or elastomeric resin, wherein the hot melt thermoplastic or elastomeric resin has
a Tm of 130° C. or lower;
a Tg of 130° C. or lower; and
a viscosity of 1000-100,000 poise at 100° C.-170° C. and 100-1,000,000 poise at 200° C.-300° C.;
(b) 0.5-50 wt % of a reinforcing material comprising fibers blended into the resin, the fibers having an aspect ratio of at least 100;
(c) 5-25 wt % of an inorganic filler; and
(d) an intumescent component comprising 5-20 wt % of a charring agent, 25-55 wt % of a charring catalyst, and 5-20 wt % of a blowing agent,
wherein the free-standing solid intumescent material is formed by a dry hot-melt process and is capable of acting as a fireproofing material.

US Pat. No. 10,138,420

POLYMERISABLE MESOGENIC COMPOUND, LIQUID CRYSTAL MEDIUM AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

Merck Patent GmbH, Darms...

1. A liquid crystal medium comprisingone or more compounds selected from the following formulae

P1, P2 independently of each other denote a polymerisable group,
Sp1, Sp2 independently of each other denote Sp?-O— or —O-Sp?
Sp? is alkylene having 1 to 20 C atoms, which is optionally mono- or polysubstituted by F, CI, Br, I or CN and in which, in addition, one or more non-adjacent CH2 groups may each be replaced, independently of one another, by —O—, —S—, —NH—, —N(R0)—, —Si(R00R000)—, —CO—, —CO—O—, —O—CO—, —O—CO—O—, S—CO—, —CO—S—, —N(R00)—CO—O—, —O—CO—N(R00)—, —N(R00)—CO—N(R00)—, —CH?CH— or —C?C— in such a way that O and/or S atoms are not linked directly to one another,
L denotes P1-, P1—Sp1-, F, Cl, Br, I, —CN, —NO2, —NCO, —NCS, —OCN, —SCN, —C(?O)N(Rx)2, —C(?O)Y1, —C(?O)Rx, —N(Rx)2, optionally substituted silyl, optionally substituted aryl or heteroaryl having 5 to 20 ring atoms, or straight-chain or branched alkyl having 1 to 25, particularly preferably 1 to 10, C atoms, in which, in addition, one or more non-adjacent CH2 groups may each be replaced, independently of one another, by —C(R00)?C(R000)—, —C?C—, —N(R00)—, —O—, —S—, —CO—, —CO—O—, —O—CO—, —O—CO—O— in such a way that O and/or S atoms are not linked directly to one another, and in which, in addition, one or more H atoms may be replaced by F, Cl, CN, P1 or —Sp1-,
R00 and R000 each, independently of one another, denote H or alkyl having 1 to 12 C atoms,
Y1 is halogen,
Rx denotes P1, P1—Sp1-, H, halogen, straight chain, branched or cyclic alkyl having 1 to 25 C atoms, wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2-groups are optionally replaced by —O—, —S—, —CO—, —CO—O—, —O—CO—, —O—CO—O— in such a manner that O- and/or S-atoms are not directly connected with each other, and wherein one or more H atoms are optionally replaced by F, Cl, P1- or P1—Sp1-, optionally substituted aryl, aryloxy, heteroaryl or heteroaryloxy having 5 to 20 ring atoms,
r is 1, 2 or 3and further comprising one or more compounds selected from the group of formulae I-A, I-E, I-N and I-T
wherein
R0 has the meaning of R1,
R1 is alkyl, which is straight chain or branched, preferably has 1 to 20 C-atoms, is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by F, Cl or CN, preferably by F, and in which one or more CH2 groups are optionally replaced, in each case independently from one another, by —O—, —S—, —NR01—, —SiR01R02—, —CO—, —COO—, —OCO—, —OCO—O—, —S—CO—,
—CO—S—, —CY01?CY02— or —C?C—in such a manner that O and/or S atoms are not linked directly to one another, preferably n-alkyl or n-alkoxy with 1 to 9 C-atoms, preferably with 2 to 5 C-atoms, alkenyl, alkenyloxy or alkoxyalkyl with 2 to 9 C-atoms, preferably with 2 to 5 C-atoms or halogenated alkyl, halogenated alkenyl or halogenated alkoxy with preferably up to 9 C-atoms, preferably mono fluorinated, di-fluorinated or oligofluorinated alkyl, alkenyl or alkoxy with preferably up to 9 C-atoms, most preferably n-alkyl, n-alkoxy, alkenyl, alkenyloxy or alkoxyalkyl with preferably up to 9 C-atoms, and
L1 to L03, L1, L11 and L12 are independently of one another H or F.

US Pat. No. 10,138,419

NEAR-IR EMITTING CATIONIC SILVER CHALCOGENIDE QUANTUM DOTS

1. A near-IR emitting silver chalcogenide quantum dot with a mixed coating, wherein the silver chalcogenide comprises a silver cation source and a sulfide source, wherein the silver chalcogenide is cationic, wherein the silver chalcogenide is one or more selected from a group consisting of silver sulfide, silver selenide, and silver telluride; wherein the mixed coating comprises at least two types of coating materials, wherein both of the coating materials bind to a silver chalcogenide surface, and the first type of the coating material is a macromolecule selected from the group of polymers consisting of polyethyleneimine, poly dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate, poly amido amine dendrimer, dendrimers with amine end groups and chitosan, and the second type of the coating material is selected from the group consisting of thiolates, carboxylates and amines.

US Pat. No. 10,138,418

HYDRAULIC FRACTURING COMPOSITION, METHOD FOR MAKING AND USE OF SAME

BAKER HUGHES, A GE COMPAN...

1. A hydraulic fracturing composition comprising:a superabsorbent polymer in an expanded state and configured to break in response to contact with a breaker, the polymer having internal crosslinks derived from ethyleneglycol diacrylate, polyethyleneglycol diacrylate, trimethylopropane trimethacrylate, ethoxylated trimethylol triacrylate, ethoxylated pentaerythritol tetracrylate, or a combination comprising at least one of the foregoing but no intra-particle crosslinks; the superabsorbent polymer including a repeat unit derived from an acrylate, an acrylamide, a vinylpyrrolidone, a vinyl acetate, a 2-acrylamide-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid, an acrylic acid salt, or a combination thereof;
a plurality of proppant particles disposed in the superabsorbent polymer prior to release of the plurality of proppant particles from the superabsorbent polymer in response to breaking the superabsorbent polymer;
a fluid to expand the superabsorbent polymer into the expanded state; and
a breaker, the superabsorbent polymer and the breaker being selected such that the breaker reacts with the superabsorbent polymer to break a bond in a polymer chain of the super absorbent polymer, a bond in a crosslink of the superabsorbent polymer, a bond between the crosslink and the polymer chain, or a combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,138,415

FAR-FIELD DIVERSION WITH PULSED PROPPANT IN SUBTERRANEAN FRACTURING OPERATIONS

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method comprising:introducing into a well bore penetrating a portion of a subterranean formation alternating stages of
a proppant-carrying fracturing fluid comprising a plurality of proppant particulates, and
a clean fracturing fluid comprising a lesser concentration of proppant particulates than the proppant-carrying fracturing fluid,wherein the alternating stages of the proppant-carrying fracturing fluid and the clean fracturing fluid are introduced into the well bore at or above a pressure sufficient to create or enhance one or more fractures in the subterranean formation;introducing a diverting agent into the well bore during one or more of the alternating stages of proppant-carrying fracturing fluid and clean fracturing fluid,
wherein the diverting agent is selected from the group consisting of: a fatty alcohol, a fatty acid salt, a fatty ester, a protenious material, and a degradable polymer; and
allowing the diverting agent to divert at least a portion of a fracturing fluid into a far-field area of the subterranean formation.

US Pat. No. 10,138,414

PROPPING SUBTERRANEAN FORMATION FRACTURES USING MEMORY PARTICULATES

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method comprising:providing memory particulates capable of having a compressed configuration and a decompressed configuration;
providing a treatment fluid comprising a treatment base fluid and the memory particulates in a compressed configuration;
introducing the treatment fluid into a subterranean formation comprising at least one fracture therein, so as to place the memory particulates in the at least one fracture in their compressed configuration; and
expanding the memory particulates to the decompressed configuration, thereby mechanically interlocking the memory particulates and propping open at least a portion of the at least one fracture,
wherein the memory particulates comprise a martensitic ceramic selected from the group consisting of an oxide ceramic, a boride ceramic, a nitride ceramic, a silicate ceramic, and any combination thereof, and
wherein at least a portion of the memory particulates comprises at least one of superelastic alloy or a swellable elastomer.

US Pat. No. 10,138,413

PROMOTERS FOR PEROXIDES IN AQUEOUS TREATMENT FLUIDS

Arkema Inc., King of Pru...

1. An aqueous treatment fluid consisting essentially of:(a) a mixture or dispersion of water,
(b) viscosifying polymer which is water-soluble or water swellable polymer selected from the group consisting of:
(i) polysaccharides crosslinked with at least one crosslinker selected from the group consisting of borate, zirconium, aluminum, titanium, and chromium organometallic crosslinkers,
(ii) polysaccharides selected from the group consisting of guar gum, HPG (hydroxypropylguar), CMG (carboxymethylguar), CMHPG (carboxymethylhydroxypropylguar), and combinations thereof, and
(iii) underivatized guar, starches, cellulose, derivatized guars, polyacrylamides, polyacrylates, functionalized polyacrylamide polymers, acrylamide methyl propane sulfonic acid copolymers, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl pyrrolidones, maleic anhydride methyl vinyl ether copolymers, polyethylene oxides and combinations thereof,
(c) at least one peroxide breaker selected from the group consisting of 2,5-dihydroperoxy-2,5-dimethylhexane; cumene hydroperoxide; t-butyl hydroperoxide; t-amyl hydroperoxide; t-octyl hydroperoxide; 1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl hydroperoxide; para-menthane hydroperoxide; diisopropylbenzene monohydroperoxide; diisopropylbenzene dihydroperoxide; 2,4-pentanedione peroxide; methyl ethyl ketone peroxide, methyl isobutyl ketone peroxide and combinations thereof,
(d) at least one promoter selected from the group consisting of thiosulfate salts, sulfite salts, bisulfite salts, erythorbate salts, isoascorbate salts, and combinations thereof, and optionally:
(e) at least one buffering agent or buffer system,
(f) at least one proppant, and/or
(g) one or more additives selected from the group consisting of surfactants and inert fillers,
wherein the aqueous treatment fluid is essentially free of added amine.

US Pat. No. 10,138,411

DIRECTIONAL DRILLING AND CAPSULE FLOODING PROCESS FOR RECOVERING HYDROCARBONS

King Fahd University of P...

1. A high pressure capsule-injection process for recovering hydrocarbons from a carbonate reservoir having a plurality of carbonate geologic formations, the process comprising:directionally drilling into the carbonate reservoir to create at least one horizontal or lateral passage across the carbonate reservoir,
flooding the carbonate reservoir through the horizontal or lateral passage with a first fluid thereby displacing and recovering a first portion of the hydrocarbons, wherein the carbonate reservoir has a permeability not higher than 10 and the first fluid is seawater, and wherein the flooding comprises injecting the first fluid in to the carbonate reservoir at a pressure of 1,000-7,500 psi; then
injecting a dispersion into the carbonate reservoir, the dispersion consisting of seawater and a plurality of citric acid-filled capsules having an average diameter in a range of from 0.1 to 50 ?m, wherein the capsules comprise an outer polymeric shell consisting of a water insoluble polyglycolide that is free of a chemical crosslinker, silicon, phosphorus, fluorine, bromine, chlorine and sulfur; then
incubating the dispersion in the carbonate reservoir for at least 12 h; and then
flooding the carbonate reservoir with a third fluid thereby displacing and recovering a second portion of the hydrocarbons, wherein the third fluid is seawater;
wherein during the incubating:
the dispersion infiltrates the plurality of carbonate geologic formations;
the plurality of citric acid-filled capsules undergoes thermal degradation and releases the citric acid;
the released citric acid reacts with the plurality of carbonate geologic formations to generate carbon dioxide at the plurality of carbonate geologic formations; and
the generated carbon dioxide contacts the second portion of the hydrocarbons, thereby making the second portion of the hydrocarbons swell and reducing a viscosity of the second portion of the hydrocarbons.

US Pat. No. 10,138,410

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR THE ENHANCED RECOVERY OF OIL, USING WATER THAT HAS BEEN DEPLETED IN IONS USING MAGNETIC PARTICLES

1. A method for recovering crude oil from a hydrocarbon-bearing reservoir by water flooding, the method comprises the steps of:(i) providing a water source;
(ii) depleting one or more ions from the water source by contacting the water source with a superparamagnetic or paramagnetic particle capable of binding the one or more ions present in the water source thereby providing a capturing mixture;
(iii) removing the ions bound to the superparamagnetic or paramagnetic particles from the capturing mixture by applying a magnetic field thereby providing a depleted water;
(iv) pumping the depleted water into one or more connecting injection well(s) in an oil field thereby pushing the crude oil towards one or more production well(s); and
(v) recovering the crude oil from the one or more production well(s),
wherein the superparamagnetic or paramagnetic particles are functionalized with a moiety capable of specifically binding the one or more ions present in the water source; and
wherein the functionalization adapted to specifically bind the superparamagnetic or paramagnetic particles to the one or more ions consists of functionalization with an ion sequester selected from the group consisting of diamines, porphyrins, triazole-containing molecules, nucleic acids, RNA, DNA, EDTA, EGTA, DTPA and BAPTA.

US Pat. No. 10,138,409

METHOD FOR MICROBIAL CONTROL OF INJECTION LIQUID FLOW IN A HYDROCARBON RESERVOIR

GOE-IP AS, (NO)

1. A method of establishing a microbial plug in a hydrocarbon-containing geological formation which has been flooded with water, the method comprising:a) introducing into the formation a microbial inoculum, the microorganisms of which are:
(i) in a dormant state,
(ii) cellulolytic or hemicellulolytic
(iii) thermophiles, extreme thermophiles or hyperthermophiles,
(iv) unable to utilise hydrocarbons as a carbon source, and
(v) not indigenous to the hydrocarbon-containing geological formation;
b) simultaneously or sequentially introducing into the formation a growth medium which provides a carbon source which can be utilised by the microorganisms introduced in step (a) but not by indigenous microorganisms;
c) exposing the inoculum to conditions which enable the microorganisms to enter an active growth phase within water channels in the geological formation; and
d) introducing an injection liquid comprising further growth medium as defined in step b) into the formation via an injection well.

US Pat. No. 10,138,407

MODIFIED DEFORMED REINFORCEMENT FIBERS, METHODS OF MAKING, AND USES

FORTA CORPORATION, Grove...

5. A method of preparing a fiber-containing cementitious composition or drilling composition, comprising:providing a plurality of original reinforcement fibers having a substantially linear shape;
forming a deformation in the plurality of original reinforcement fibers by forming at least one crimp in the linear shape of the fibers;
deforming the linear shape of the plurality of original reinforcement fibers to produce a plurality of modified reinforcement fibers; and
mixing the plurality of modified reinforcement fibers in a cementitious composition or a drilling fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,138,404

HEAT TRANSFER MEDIUM CONTAINING MULTI-WALL CARBON NANOTUBES

King Fahd University of P...

1. A water-based nanofluid heat transfer medium comprising:a base fluid comprising an aqueous fluid;
a solid nanocomposite particle comprising a multi-wall carbon nanotube having a 10 to 20 nm outer diameter and a length from 10 to 30 ?m and a metal oxide nanoparticle selected from the group consisting of Fe2O3, Al2O3, and CuO wherein the metal oxide nanoparticle is affixed to the outer surface of the carbon nanotube;
wherein the carbon nanotube is not functionalized with reactive functional groups;
wherein the solid nanocomposite particle is homogeneously dispersed in the base fluid; and
wherein the nanofluid does not contain a surfactant.

US Pat. No. 10,138,401

METHOD OF BONDING TO FOIL

Rohm and Haas Company, C...

1. A waterborne adhesive composition comprising(i) an aqueous medium
(ii) one or more isocyanate compounds dispersed in said aqueous medium, and
(iii) one or more functional silane compounds dispersed in said aqueous medium,
wherein said isocyanate compound comprises a mixture of one or more hydrophilically modified isocyanate trimers and one or more urethane pre-polymers,
wherein the hydrophilically modified isocyanate trimers have the structure

wherein the three R groups are the same as each other, wherein the three R groups are aliphatic, and wherein G is an organic group that contains a hydrophilic group selected from the group consisting of hydrophilic alkylene oxide groups, anionic sulfate groups, and anionic carboxylate groups,
wherein the urethane pre-polymer is the reaction product of one or more polyisocyanates with one or more polyols or one or more polyamine or a mixture thereof, with a molar excess of polyisocyanates;
wherein said adhesive composition contains no colorant.

US Pat. No. 10,138,399

SEALANT COMPOSITION AND METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A method of preparing a sealant composition, wherein the sealant composition comprises:(a) from >75 wt % to 80 wt % of a low-viscosity epoxy acrylate conforming to the structure of Formula I;

wherein R1 and R2 are each independently selected from the group consisting of methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, and tert-butyl;
(b) 0.5-1 wt % of a photoinitiator;
(c) 5-15 wt % of silica microspheres having a diameter of 0.5-0.9 ?m;
(d) 5-15 wt % of resinous elastic microspheres; and
(e) 1-2 wt % of silane coupling agent,
based on a total weight of the sealant composition,
the method comprising: mixing and stirring all components, except the low-viscosity epoxy acrylate, at a temperature of 20-30° C. for 30-60 min; compounding the mixture at a temperature of 30° C.-50° C. twice, each time for 20-40 min; degassing the compounded mixture; and then adding the low-viscosity epoxy acrylate to adjust a viscosity of the degassed compounded mixture, to produce the sealant composition.

US Pat. No. 10,138,394

AIR-WATER BARRIER SILICONE COATINGS

CSL Silicones Inc., Guel...

1. A one-part room temperature vulcanizable (RTV) poly(diorganosiloxane) composition comprising:(a) about 10-70 wt % of a poly(diorganosiloxane) of Formula I:

wherein
R1 and R2 are each independently C1-8alkyl, C2-8alkenyl or C6-10aryl; and
n has an average value such that the viscosity of the poly(diorganosiloxane) of Formula I is from about 40,000-90,000 cP at 25° C.;
(b) about 5-40 wt % of a poly(diorganosiloxane) of Formula II:

 wherein
R3 and R4 are each independently C1-salkyl, C2-8alkenyl or C6-10aryl;
R5a, R5b, R5c, R5d, R5e and R5f are each independently C1-8alkyl, C2-8alkenyl or C6-10aryl; and
q has an average value such that the viscosity of the poly(diorganosiloxane) of Formula II is from about 500-50,000 cP at 25° C.;
(c) about 0.5-25 wt % of an amorphous silica reinforcing filler;
(d) about 2-15 wt % of at least one cross-linking agent of Formula III:
(X)4-m—Si—R6m  (III),
wherein
R6 is C1-8alkyl, C2-8alkenyl or C6-10aryl;
m is 0, 1 or 2; and
X is a hydrolysable ketoximino-containing group of Formula IV:

wherein R7a and R7b are each independently C1-8alkyl, C2-8alkenyl or C6-10aryl;
or
X is a hydrolysable group of Formula V:

wherein R8a, R8b and R8c are each independently H, C1-8alkyl, C2-8alkenyl or C6-10aryl;
(e) about 0.2-5 wt % of an adhesion agent of Formula VI:

wherein
R9 and R10 are each independently C1-8alkyl, C2-8alkenyl or C6-10aryl;
R11 is C1-10alkyl, C2-10alkenyl or C6-10aryl, optionally substituted with one or more organofunctional groups;
p is 0 or 1; and
(f) about 0.01-2 wt % of an organometallic condensation catalyst, wherein the metal of the organometallic condensation catalyst is selected from tin, titanium, zirconium, boron, zinc and bismuth; and
(g) about 1-40 wt % of a solvent,
wherein each alkyl, alkenyl and aryl group in the compounds of Formula I, II, III, IV, V and VI is optionally fluoro-substituted, and
wherein the composition has a viscosity suitable for application by spraying as a uniform and continuous film that produces a cured film that passes a crack bridging test performed according to ASTM C1305, and the composition has properties suitable for a silicone elastomeric air-water barrier coating for building materials.

US Pat. No. 10,138,392

NON-FLUORINATED URETHANE BASED COATINGS

THE CHEMOURS COMPANY FC, ...

1. A composition comprising an organic solution or aqueous dispersion of a compound having no unreacted isocyanate groups, said compound prepared by the process comprising:(i) reacting (a) at least one isocyanate group-containing compound selected from isocyanate, diisocyanate, polyisocyanate, or mixture thereof, and (b) at least one isocyanate-reactive compound selected from formula (Ia) or (Ib):

wherein each R is independently a —H; —R1; —C(O)R1; —(CH2CH2O)n(CH(CH3)CH2O)mR2;or —(CH2CH2O)n(CH(CH3)CH2)mC(O)R1;each n is independently 0 to 20;each m is independently 0 to 20;m+n is greater than 0;each R1 is independently a linear or branched alkyl group having 5 to 29 carbons optionally comprising at least 1 unsaturated bond;each R2 is independently —H, or a linear or branched alkyl group having 6 to 30 carbons optionally comprising at least 1 unsaturated bond;or a mixtures thereof,provided that when the compound is of Formula (Ia) then at least one of R or R2 is —H and at least two of R are chosen from —C(O)R1; —(CH2CH2O)n?(CH(CH3)CH2O)m?R2;or —(CH2CH2O)n?(CH(CH3)CH2O)m?C(O)R1;each R3 is independently a —H; —R1; —C(O)R1; —(CH2CH2O)n?(CH(CH3)CH2O)m?R2;or —(CH2CH2O)n?(CH(CH3)CH2)m?C(O)R1;each R4 is independently —H, a linear or branched alkyl group having 6 to 30 carbons optionally comprising at least 1 unsaturated bond, or combinations thereof; —(CH2CH2O)n?(CH(CH3)CH2O)m?R2;or —(CH2CH2O)n?(CH(CH3)CH2O)m?C(O)R1;each n? is independently 0 to 20;
each m? is independently 0 to 20;
m?+n? is greater than 0; and
provided when the compound is Formula (Ib), then the compound is mono-substituted, di-substituted, or tri-substituted with alkyl groups, and at least one R2, R3 or R4 is a —H.

US Pat. No. 10,138,387

ACTIVE ENERGY RAY CURABLE COMPOSITION, ACTIVE ENERGY RAY CURABLE INK, COMPOSITION STORED CONTAINER, TWO DIMENSIONAL OR THREE DIMENSIONAL IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, IMAGE FORMING METHOD, CURED MATERIAL, AND PROCESSED PRODUCT

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An active energy ray image forming apparatus comprising:a head;
a heating mechanism disposed inside the head; and
a storing part comprising an ink composition comprising a non-polymerizable synthetic resin and a mono-functional monomer comprising a single unsaturated ethylene double bond,
wherein
the heating mechanism is heated to 60° C. when ink is discharged, and
a viscosity at 25° C. of the ink composition is from 3 to 40 mPa·s,
wherein the following relations are satisfied:
?Tg=|Tgp?Tgm|?20° C., where Tgp represents a glass transition temperature of the non-polymerizable resin and Tgm represents a glass transition temperature of a homopolymer of the mono-functional monomer,
TgH?20 degrees C., where TgH represents the higher of Tgp and Tgm, and
TgL?0 degrees C., where TgL represents the lower of Tgp and Tgm.

US Pat. No. 10,138,385

CONDUCTIVE FILM FORMING COMPOSITION, CONDUCTIVE FILM, ORGANIC THIN FILM TRANSISTOR, ELECTRONIC PAPER, DISPLAY DEVICE, AND WIRING BOARD

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A conductive film forming composition comprising:water;
conductive particles; and
a migration inhibitor containing a compound represented by Formula (2),
(Rx)n-L-(Ry)m  (2)
in Formula (2), L represents a single bond or an (n+m)-valent linking group; in a case where L is a single bond, n=1, and m=1; and in a case where L is an (n+m)-valent linking group, n and m are an integer and satisfy 1?n?6.0?m?5, and 2?n+m?6,
in Formula (2), Rx is a group represented by the following Formula (G); and in a case where n is equal to or greater than 2, a plurality of Rx's may be the same as or different from each other,
in Formula (2), Ry is a hydrogen atom, a substituent, or a group represented by the following Formula (H); and in a case where m is equal to or greater than 2, a plurality of Ry's may be the same as or different from each other,

in Formula (G), W1 represents a hydrogen atom, a group represented by Formula (A), a group represented by Formula (B), or a group represented by Formula (C),

in Formula (A), Z1 represents a divalent linking group; RA represents an alkylene group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms; R5 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms or an aryl group having 6 to 12 carbon atoms; n represents an integer of 4 to 100; and * represents a binding position,
in Formula (B), Z2 represents a divalent linking group; A1? represents an anionic group; R6, R7, R8, and R9 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, or an aryl group having 6 to 12 carbon atoms; and * represents a binding position,
in Formula (C), Z3 represents a divalent linking group; A2? represents a monovalent anion; R10, R11, and R12 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, or an aryl group having 6 to 12 carbon atoms; and * represents a binding position,
in Formula (G), R1, R2, R3, and R4 each independently represent any one of a hydrogen atom, a substituent, and W2; W2 represents a group represented by Formula (D), a group represented by Formula (E), or a group represented by Formula (F); and in a case where W1 is a hydrogen atom, at least one of R1, R2, R3, or R4 is W2,

in Formula (D), Z4 represents a single bond or a divalent linking group; RB represents an alkylene group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms; R13 represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, or an aryl group having 6 to 12 carbon atoms; m represents an integer of 4 to 100; and * represents a binding position,
in Formula (E), Z5 represents a single bond or a divalent linking group; A3? represents an anionic group; R14, R15, R16, and R17 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, or an aryl group having 6 to 12 carbon atoms; and * represents a binding position, and
in Formula (F), Z6 represents a single bond or a divalent linking group; A4? represents a monovalent anion; R18, R19, and R20 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms or an aryl group having 6 to 12 carbon atoms; and * represents a binding position,
in Formula (G), Y1 represents a single bond or a divalent linking group; and * represents a binding position, and
in Formula (H), R21, R22, R23, and R24 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a substituent; Y2 represents a single bond or a divalent linking group; and * represents a binding position.

US Pat. No. 10,138,373

FLEXIBLE POLYURETHANE AND POLYURETHANE/POLYORGANOSILOXANE FOAM MATERIALS THAT ABSORB IMPACT ENERGY

Virfex, LLC, West Wareha...

1. A polyurethane and polyorganosiloxane foam article comprising, at least one layer of cross-linked polyurethane/polyorganosiloxane foam including:a) a polyurethane formed by reacting an isocyanate and a polyol;
b) a polyorganosiloxane having at least one of a hydroxyl-reactive functional group and an isocyanate-reactive functional group, wherein the polyorganosiloxane has the formula,

wherein n=1000-5000, R2 and R3 are individually organic groups selected from methyl, ethyl, and phenyl, R1 is a terminal group selected from a trialkylsilyl group, and Ra is a hydroxy or amine group;
c) a polymerization catalyst;
d) a polymerization reaction initiator, said initiator being an isoprenoid compound; and
e) a polymerization reaction accelerator;
wherein the polyurethane and the polyorganosiloxane are cross-linked to one another.

US Pat. No. 10,138,372

POLYCARBONATE RESIN COMPOSITION AND ARTICLE MOLDED THEREFROM

MITSUBISHI GAS CHEMICAL C...

1. A resin composition, which comprises: a (meth)acrylic copolymer (A) containing 5 to 85% by mass of a (meth)acrylate unit (a) represented by general formula (1) below and 15 to 95% by mass of a methyl (meth)acrylate unit (b); a polycarbonate-based resin (B); an ultraviolet absorber (C); and an antioxidant (D), the resin composition containing 0.1 to 1.5 parts by mass of (C) and 0.05 to 1.0 part by mass of (D) per 100 parts by mass of a resin component containing (A) and (B):wherein:X represents a single bond, or a divalent group selected from the group consisting of —C(R2)(R3)—, —C(?O)—, —O—, —OC(?O)—, —OC(?O)O—, —S—, —SO—, —SO2— and any combination thereof;
R1 represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group;
R2 and R3 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a linear alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, a branched alkyl group having 3 to 10 carbon atoms, a cyclic alkyl group having 3 to 10 carbon atoms, a linear alkoxy group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, a branched alkoxy group having 3 to 10 carbon atoms, a cyclic alkoxy group having 3 to 10 carbon atoms, a phenyl group or a phenylphenyl group, or R2 and R3 may be bonded to each other so as to form a cyclic alkyl group having 3 to 10 carbon atoms together with a carbon atom to which they are attached;
R4 and R5 each independently represent a linear alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, a branched alkyl group having 3 to 10 carbon atoms, a cyclic alkyl group having 3 to 10 carbon atoms, a linear alkoxy group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, a branched alkoxy group having 3 to 10 carbon atoms, a cyclic alkoxy group having 3 to 10 carbon atoms, a halogen atom, a phenyl group or phenylphenyl group;
m represents an integer of 1 to 10;
p represents an integer of 0 to 4; and
q represents an integer of 0 to 5; and
wherein the (meth)acrylic copolymer (A) includes a higher molecular weight region and a lower molecular weight region that are determined by setting a peak value of GPC elution curve as a boundary, and a ratio ((L)/(H)×100%) of a mass percentage (L) of the (meth)acrylate unit (a) in the (meth)acrylic copolymer (A) belonging to the lower molecular weight region to a mass percentage (H) of the (meth)acrylate unit (a) in the (meth)acrylic copolymer (A) belonging to the higher molecular weight region is 80% to 120%.

US Pat. No. 10,138,371

RESIN COMPOSITION FOR FORMING STEERING WHEEL REMOTE CONTROL BEZEL

SK Chemicals Co., Ltd., ...

1. A resin composition for forming a steering wheel remote control bezel, the resin composition comprising:an amount of 40 to 50 wt % of a polyester copolymer including a dicarboxylic acid component residue including terephthalic acid and a diol component residue including 5 to 60 mol % of dianhydrohexitol, and 5 to 80 mol % of compounds represented by the following Chemical Formulas 1 based on a content of the entire diol component based on the total weight of the resin composition;
an amount of 10 to 20 wt % of at least one copolymer selected from the group consisting of unsaturated nitrile-diene-based rubber-aromatic vinyl grafted copolymers and alkylmethacrylate-diene-based rubber-aromatic vinyl grafted copolymers, based on the total weight of the resin composition;
unsaturated nitrile-aromatic vinyl-glycidyl methacrylate compatibilizers; and
an amount of 40 to 50 wt % of polycarbonate, based on the total weight of the resin composition,
wherein the unsaturated nitrile-aromatic vinyl-glycidyl methacrylate compatibilizers has a glass transition temperature of 20 to 200° C. and a weight average molecular weight of about 200 to 300,000,
wherein an amount of 0.1 to 0.5 parts by weight of a phosphite-based antioxidant based on 100 parts by weight of the resin composition is further added to the resin composition:

where R1 to R4 are each independently hydrogen or a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, and n1 and n2 are each independently integers of 0 to 3.

US Pat. No. 10,138,369

POLYMER COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS

Saudi Aramco Technologies...

1. An epoxide CO2 copolymer composition comprising epoxide CO2 copolymer chains wherein:one or more chain ends of at least a portion of the epoxide CO2 copolymer chains within the epoxide CO2 copolymer composition have a formula:

where,
R1, R2, R3, and R4 are, at each occurrence in the polymer chain, independently selected from the group consisting of —H, fluorine, an optionally substituted C1-30 aliphatic group, and an optionally substituted C1-20 heteroaliphatic group, and an optionally substituted C6-10 aryl group, where any two or more of R1, R2, R3, and R4 may optionally be taken together with intervening atoms to form one or more optionally substituted rings optionally containing one or more heteroatoms and/or one or more sites of unsaturation;
—Q— is a bivalent or multivalent moiety;
each Z comprises an adhesion enhancing functional group independently selected from the group consisting of: silicon-containing functional groups, phosphorous-containing functional groups, —SO3H, —CO2H, and —N(R?)3+ where each R? is at each occurrence, independently selected from the group consisting of optionally substituted phenyl, and optionally substituted C1-12 aliphatic; and
? is an integer from 1 to 4 inclusive;
the epoxide CO2 copolymer composition is characterized in that, on average in the composition, the percentage of carbonate linkages in epoxide CO2 copolymer chains is 90% or greater;
the number average molecular weight of the epoxide CO2 copolymer composition is less than about 20,000 g/mol; and
further, wherein one or more chain ends of at least a portion of the epoxide CO2 copolymer chains within the epoxide CO2 copolymer composition have a formula:

where,
R1, R2, R3, and R4 are, at each occurrence in the polymer chain, independently selected from the group consisting of —H, fluorine, an optionally substituted C1-30 aliphatic group, and an optionally substituted C1-20 heteroaliphatic group, and an optionally substituted C6-10 aryl group, where any two or more of R1, R2, R3, and R4 may optionally be taken together with intervening atoms to form one or more optionally substituted rings optionally containing one or more heteroatoms and/or one or more sites of unsaturation.

US Pat. No. 10,138,366

WATER-IN-OIL POLYACRYLAMIDE-BASED MICROEMULSIONS AND RELATED METHODS

Exacto, Inc., Sharon, WI...

1. A water-in-oil microemulsion, comprising:a polyacrylamide;
a fatty acid comprising a tall oil fatty acid, oleic acid, or a combination of a tall oil fatty acid and oleic acid;
a surfactant;
an oil continuous phase comprising a methyl ester of cottonseed oil, canola oil, soybean oil, corn oil, palm kernel oil, coconut oil, or a combination thereof; and
an aqueous discontinuous phase in the oil continuous phase,
wherein the water-in-oil microemulsion contains 6 to 48 parts by weight of the polyacrylamide, 30 to 62 parts by weight of the fatty acid, and 20 to 44 parts by weight of the surfactant per 100 parts by weight of the polyacrylamide, the fatty acid, and the surfactant combined.

US Pat. No. 10,138,365

RESIN MATERIAL AND FILM THEREOF

KANEKA CORPORATION, Osak...

1. A resin material comprising:a thermoplastic resin (A); and
a polymer (B) satisfying following conditions, wherein:
the polymer (B) is a graft copolymer obtained by multistep polymerization; and
at least one step of the multistep polymerization is polymerization of a monomer mixture containing a monomer represented by a formula (4) and (meth)acrylic acid and/or its salt,

wherein R9 is a hydrogen atom or a substituted or unsubstituted linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, R10 is a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic group having 3 to 24 carbon atoms or a substituted or unsubstituted alicyclic group having 3 to 24 carbon atoms and having a homocyclic structure or a heterocyclic structure, 1 is an integer of 1 to 4, m is an integer of 0 or 1, and n is an integer of 0 to 10.

US Pat. No. 10,138,363

RUBBER COMPOSITION FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC THERMAL COLLECTOR

NISSHINBO MECHATRONICS IN...

1. An olefinic rubber compound,wherein the olefinic rubber compound adheres to an anti-light receiving side of a photovoltaic module, and
the olefinic rubber compound has a thermal conductivity of 0.3 W/mK or higher, a rubber hardness of Japanese Industrial Standards A in the range of 80 to 90, a mechanical strength of 10 MPa or higher, an elongation in the range of 150% to 700%, and an amount of acetone extract of 5% or smaller.

US Pat. No. 10,138,356

LIQUID COMPOSITION COMPRISING POLYMER CHAINS AND PARTICLES OF AN INORGANIC MATERIAL IN A LIQUID

NEDERLANDSE ORGANISATIE V...

1. A liquid composition comprising polymer chains and particles of an inorganic material in a liquid, the polymer chains comprising a functional group, whereinthe polymer chains are linked to particles of the inorganic material by means of the functional group that is present in the polymer chains;
the functional group is selected from the group consisting of amine, epoxide, acid, anhydride, ammonium, carboxylate, sulfate, sulfonate, sulfinate, silane, phosphate, phosphonate, phosphinate, phosphite, phosphinite, sulfide, disulfide, maleic acid, phosphine, phosphine oxide, phosphonium, sulphonium, oxonium, and aldehyde;
the polymer chains have a number average molecular weight in the range of 500 to 100,000 Dalton;
the polymer used has a lower critical solution temperature in the range of ?20° C. to 100° C. in the liquid used;
the liquid composition exhibits thermo-induced gelation; and
the inorganic material is selected from the group consisting of minerals, silicates, metal oxides, clays, synthetic clays, and layered double hydroxides.

US Pat. No. 10,138,355

FLAME-RETARDANT RESIN COMPOSITION AND MOLDED ARTICLE PRODUCED FROM SAME

TEIJIN LIMITED, Osaka (J...

1. A flame retardant resin composition comprising:1 to 100 parts by weight of (B) an organophosphorus compound (component B) per 100 parts by weight of (A) a resin component (component A) containing at least 60 wt % of an acrylic resin,
wherein the organophosphorus compound (component B) is at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds of the following formulas (1-a), (1-b), (1-c), and (1-d):

US Pat. No. 10,138,352

FLUOROELASTOMER COMPOSITION AND MOLDED ARTICLE

DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, LTD., ...

1. A fluoroelastomer composition comprising:a fluoroelastomer; and
at least one compound (a) selected from the group consisting of:
a compound (1) represented by the following formula (1):
wherein an aromatic ring may be substituted; anda compound (2) represented by the following formula (2):
wherein an aromatic ring may be substituted.

US Pat. No. 10,138,347

METHOD FOR PRODUCING CARBON NANOTUBE DISPERSION LIQUID, CARBON NANOTUBE DISPERSION LIQUID, METHOD FOR PRODUCING COMPOSITE MATERIAL COMPOSITION, METHOD FOR PRODUCING COMPOSITE MATERIAL, COMPOSITE MATERIAL, AND COMPOSITE MATERIAL SHAPED PRODUCT

ZEON CORPORATION, Chiyod...

1. A method for producing a carbon nanotube dispersion liquid comprisinga dispersing step of performing at least one cycle of dispersing treatment in which pressure is applied to a coarse dispersion liquid containing carbon nanotubes and a dispersion medium, the coarse dispersion liquid is fed under pressure, and shear force is applied to the coarse dispersion liquid, and
repeating the dispersing step for a plurality of repetitions, wherein the number of repetitions is 3 or more,
the pressure applied to the coarse dispersion liquid is alternately increased and decreased between repetitions of the dispersing step, and
in at least one instance, the pressure applied to the coarse dispersion liquid is altered by at least 10 MPa between consecutive repetitions of the dispersing step.

US Pat. No. 10,138,346

POLYSACCHARIDE AEROGEL

National University of Si...

1. A polysaccharide based aerogel comprising a network of polysaccharide fibers with pores therebetween, wherein the polysaccharide fibers are obtained from recycled cellulose fibers, the sizes of the pores are in the-range of 20 to 1000 ?m and the diameters of the polysaccharide fibers are in the range of 5 to 100 ?m, wherein said aerogel, free of pure cellulose fibers, is formed from recycled cellulose fibers in the presence of a sonication power of 1500 to 2000 W and has an oil absorption capacity of 18.4-24.4 g/g.

US Pat. No. 10,138,336

FLAME-RETARDANT POLY LACTIC ACID-CONTAINING FILM OR SHEET, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THEREOF

NITTO DENKO CORPORATION, ...

1. A method for manufacturing a film or sheet, comprising:forming the film from a resin composition by melt film formation,
the resin composition comprising:
a poly lactic acid (A);
an acidic functional group-modified olefinic polymer (B) including an acidic functional group and having an acid value of 10 to 70 mg KOH/g and a weight average molecular weight of 10,000 to 80,000;
a tetrafluoroethylene polymer (C); and
an aromatic cyclic phosphazene-containing flame retardant (D) including a compound of Formula (I?),
the aromatic cyclic phosphazene-containing flame retardant (D) being included in an amount of 10 to 70 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the poly lactic acid (A),

wherein each of X1 and X2 is independently an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms; each of m1 and m2 is independently an integer of 0 to 4, and n is an integer of 3 to 6;
the resin composition during the melt film formation having a temperature between a temperature 15° C. higher than a crystallization temperature (Tc) of the resin composition in a temperature drop process and a temperature 5° C. lower than a melting temperature (Tm) in a temperature rise process or
the melt film formed resin composition being cooled and solidified after a crystallization accelerating step of keeping the resin composition between a temperature 25° C. lower than a crystallization temperature (Tc) of the resin composition in a temperature drop process and a temperature 10° C. higher than the crystallization temperature (Tc).

US Pat. No. 10,138,335

INJECTION MOLDED ARTICLE BASED ON PROPYLENE HOMOPOLYMER

Borealis AG, Vienna (AT)...

1. Injection molded article comprising a propylene homopolymer having(a) a melt flow rate MFR2 (230° C./2.16 kg) measured according to ISO 1133 in the range of 40 to 120 g/10 min;
(b) a pentad isotacticity (mmmm) of more than 92.5% determined by 13C-NMR; and
(c) a meso sequence length (MSL4) of 91.0 to 160; MSL4 is calculated by formula (1)

wherein
“[mmmm]” is % of mmmm pentads
“[mmmr]” is % of mmmr pentads,
determined by 13C-NMR spectroscopy.

US Pat. No. 10,138,329

ORGANIC ZINC COMPLEXES AS CATALYSTS FOR CONDENSATION REACTIONS

1. A zinc complex of formula (1),
wherein
each R1, R2 and R3, independently of one another, denotes,
hydrogen,
a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, alkenyl or alkynyl functional group,
a substituted or unsubstituted cycloaliphatic functional group or aryl functional group,
a substituted or unsubstituted heteroalicyclic functional group or heteroaryl functional group,
—OR5, —SR5, —N(R5)2, —Si(R5)3 or —P(R5)3; or
R1 and R2, or R2 and R3, together with the carbon atoms to which they are bound, form a 5- to 8-membered substituted or unsubstituted cycloaliphatic, heteroalicyclic aryl or heteroaryl ring;
each X, independently, denotes a divalent functional group, which is selected from,
a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, alkenyl or alkynyl functional group,
a substituted or unsubstituted cycloaliphatic functional group or aryl functional group,
a substituted or unsubstituted heteroalicyclic functional group or heteroaryl functional group;
each Yn, independently, denotes Si, Ge, N, P, S, wherein n denotes the oxidation state or the valence;
each R4, independently, denotes,
hydrogen,
a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, alkenyl or alkynyl functional group,
a substituted or unsubstituted cycloaliphatic functional group or aryl functional group,
a substituted or unsubstituted heteroalicyclic functional group or heteroaryl functional group,
—OR5, —SR5, —N(R5)2, —Si(R5)3 or —P(R5)3; or
two R4, together with Yn, form a 5- to 8-membered substituted or unsubstituted cycloaliphatic, heteroalicyclic aryl or heteroaryl ring, with the proviso that
when Yn is S, R4 is not —SR5 or —N(R5)2,
when Yn is Si or P, R4 is not Si(R5)3 or —P(R5)3;
each R5, independently, denotes
hydrogen,
a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, alkenyl or alkynyl functional group,
a substituted or unsubstituted cycloaliphatic functional group or aryl functional group, or
a substituted or unsubstituted heteroalicyclic functional group or heteroaryl functional group; or
each Yn, independently, denotes C, wherein n denotes the oxidation state or the valence;
each R4, independently, denotes,
hydrogen,
a substituted or unsubstituted alkenyl or alkynyl functional group,
a substituted or unsubstituted cycloaliphatic functional group or aryl functional group,
a substituted or unsubstituted heteroalicyclic functional group or heteroaryl functional group,
—OR5, —SR5, —N(R5)2, —Si(R5)3 or —P(R5)3; or
two R4, together with Yn, form a 5- to 8-membered substituted or unsubstituted cycloaliphatic, heteroalicyclic aryl or heteroaryl ring, with the proviso that
when Yn is S, R4 is not —SR5 or —N(R5)2,
when Yn is Si or P, R4 is not Si(R5)3 or —P(R5)3;
each R5, independently, denotes
hydrogen,
a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, alkenyl or alkynyl functional group,
a substituted or unsubstituted cycloaliphatic functional group or aryl functional group, or
a substituted or unsubstituted heteroalicyclic functional group or heteroaryl functional group; and
each n, independently, is an integer from 1 to 4.

US Pat. No. 10,138,327

THERMOPLASTIC POLYMERS COMPRISING OXYGEN SCAVENGING MOLECULES

Plastipak Packaging, Inc....

1. A wall of a package comprising at least one layer, said layer comprising a composition, said composition comprising:(a) a thermoplastic polymer comprising an allylic or benzylic amide compound covalently bonded as a repeating unit in the polymer chain, covalently bonded thereto as a side-chain pendant group, or covalently bonded thereto as an end group of the polymer, double bond; wherein each n is independently 1-5; wherein m is an integer from 0 to 5-n; wherein each X is independently selected from the group consisting of O, S, and NH; wherein each Y, each A, and each B are independently selected from the group consisting of N, CR1, and CR2; wherein D, E, and F are independently selected from the group consisting of CH, N, O, and S; wherein each R1 and each R2 is independently selected from the group consisting of carboxylic acid, amine, nitro, cyano, hydroxyl, H, alkyl, aryl, electron withdrawing groups, electron releasing groups, and a transition metal; and wherein L is a divalent linking group selected from C2-C12 aliphatic or cyclic ether, C2-C12 aliphatic or cyclic amide, C6 to C12 aromatic amide, C2-C12 aliphatic or cyclic amine, C6-C12 aromatic amine, C2-C12 aliphatic or cyclic ester and C6 to C12 aromatic ester;

wherein the symbol when used in conjunction with a bond line represents a single or a double bond; wherein each n is independently 0-5; wherein m is an integer from 0 to 5-n; wherein each X is independently selected from the group consisting of O, S, and NH; wherein each Y, each A, and each B are independently selected from the group consisting of N, CR1, and CR2; wherein D, E, and F are independently selected from the group consisting of CH, N, O, and S; wherein each R1 and each R2 is independently selected from the group consisting of carboxylic acid, amine, nitro, cyano, hydroxyl, H, alkyl, aryl, electron withdrawing groups, electron releasing groups, and a transition metal; and wherein L is a divalent linking group selected from C2-C12 aliphatic or cyclic ether, C2-C12 aliphatic or cyclic amide, C6 to C12 aromatic amide, C2-C12 aliphatic or cyclic amine, C6-C12 aromatic amine, C2-C12 aliphatic or cyclic ester and C6 to C12 aromatic ester; or

wherein each X is selected from the group consisting of O, S, and NH; wherein each Y, each A, and each B are independently selected from the group consisting of N and CR1; wherein D, E, and F are independently selected from the group consisting of CH, N, O, and S; wherein the symbol when used in conjunction with a bond line represents a single or a double bond; and wherein each R1 is independently selected from the group consisting of H, alkyl, aryl, electron withdrawing groups, and electron releasing groups; and
(b) a transition metal in a positive oxidation state, the metal present in an amount of from about 10 ppm to about 400 ppm.

US Pat. No. 10,138,325

POLYPHENOLIC CONDENSATES AND EPOXY RESINS THEREOF

CHANG CHUN PLASTICS CO., ...

1. Polyphenolic condensates from aldehydes and phenolic compounds which comprise: an aldehyde-phenolic condensate having a range of weight average molecular weight (Mw), calculated as polystyrene and phenol, satisfying the expression, 1.3×[1×(Molecular weight of aldehydes)+2×(Molecular weight of phenolic compounds)?2×(Molecular weight of water)] to 1.5×[3×(Molecular weight of aldehydes)+3×(Molecular weight of phenolic compounds)?2×(Molecular weight of water)]; the Mw range takes about 35% to about 50% of overall Gel-Permeation Chromatography (GPC) integrated area at a detection wavelength of 254 nm; and a Gardner Index is not more than 13.

US Pat. No. 10,138,324

PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF SILYLATED POLYMERS HAVING LOW COLOR AND COLOR STABILITY

Momentive Performance Mat...

1. A process for the preparation of a quenched silylated polymer composition comprising(a) reacting a prepolymer with a silylating agent, by a silylation reaction, to produce a silylated polymer composition containing reactive isocyanate functional groups in which a stabilization package containing at least one phosphite stabilizer and at least one sterically hindered phenol is added to the process before the silylation reaction or during the silylation reaction; and
(b) quenching the silylated polymer composition of step (a) by reacting a stoichiometric amount or an excess amount of at least one isocyanato-reactive scavenging agent possessing at least one active hydrogen relative with the residual isocyanate of said silylated polymer composition to produce a quenched silylated polymer composition, with the proviso that when the process is a continuous process, the process does not include backmixing of at least a portion of the silylated polymer composition.

US Pat. No. 10,138,323

HIGHLY BRANCHED POLYMER AND DISPERSANT FOR CARBON NANOTUBES

NISSAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRIE...

1. A highly branched polymer characterized by comprising repeating units of formula (1) or formula (2) belowwhereinAr1 to Ar3 are each independently a divalent organic group of any one of formulas (3) to (7) below
in which R5 to R38 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, an alkoxy group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, or a carboxyl group, sulfo group, phosphoric acid group, phosphonic acid group or salt of any thereof;Z1 and Z2 are each independently a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, or a monovalent organic group of any one of formulas (8) to (11) below
in which R39 to R62 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, a haloalkyl group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, a phenyl group, OR63, COR63, NR63R64, COOR65 (R63 and R64 being each independently a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, a haloalkyl group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, or a phenyl group; and R65 being an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, a haloalkyl group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, or a phenyl group), or a carboxyl group, sulfo group, phosphoric acid group, phosphonic acid group or salt of any thereof, with the proviso that Z1 and Z2 are not both alkyl groups; and R1 to R4 in formula (2) are each independently a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, an alkoxy group of 1 to 5 carbons which may have a branched structure, or a carboxyl group, sulfo group, phosphoric acid group, phosphonic acid group or salt of any thereof;with the proviso that at least one type of acidic group selected from among carboxyl groups, sulfo groups, phosphoric acid groups, phosphonic acid groups, and salts thereof is present on at least one aromatic ring of the repeating unit of formula (1) or (2).

US Pat. No. 10,138,322

DIAMINE DIONE POLYALKYL AMINE SYNTHESIS

International Business Ma...

1. A compound, or mixture comprising a compound, of the formula:
wherein each instance of R is independently selected from the group consisting of aryl, alkyl, and polyether;
wherein each instance of R? is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl, polyether, and alcohol;
wherein each instance of Q is independently a covalent bond or selected from the group consisting of alkyl and aralkyl; and
wherein x is a positive integer.

US Pat. No. 10,138,318

BLOCK COPOLYMER AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DEVICE USING THE SAME

KOREA UNIVERSITY RESEARCH...

1. A block copolymer comprising:a first polymer block and a second polymer block having different structures, one of the first polymer block and the second polymer block having a halogen-substituted structure; and
a random block copolymer connecting the first polymer block and the second polymer block, the random block copolymer having at least two repeating units that are randomly copolymerized,
wherein the random block copolymer is expressed by the following Formula (2):

wherein
X2 is a halogen atom,
q is an integer from 1 to 5,
each of R3 and R4 is one of a hydrogen atom, a C1-C5 straight-chain or branched alkyl group, and a C1-C5 alkyl halide group, and
x/(x+y)=0.2 to 0.8.

US Pat. No. 10,138,317

METHOD FOR PRODUCING MECHANICALLY ROBUST LINKED PARTICLE NETWORKS

PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER...

1. A method, comprising:functionalizing edges of particles of an anisotropic material;
exfoliating the particles to form sheets of the material;
aligning the sheets of material to form a network of multi-layered and aligned particles; and
forming a structure out of the network of particles.