US Pat. No. 11,066,806

ARM FOR WORKING MACHINE, BEARING MEMBER, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF THE ARM FOR THE WORKING MACHINE

KUBOTA CORPORATION, Osak...


1. An arm for a working machine, comprising:an arm body having a tubular shape; and
a bearing member attached to a tip portion of the arm body and pivotally supporting another member,
wherein the bearing member includes:a boss having a cylindrical shape; and
a greasing tube having:one end portion attached to a greasing hole provided on an outer peripheral surface of the boss;
the other end portion attached to a side surface of the arm body; and
a tube body portion connecting the one end portion and the other end portion,


wherein the tube body portion is curved orienting the one end portion in a radial direction of the boss and orienting the other end portion in a direction substantially parallel to an axial direction of the boss,
wherein the side surface of the arm body is provided with a cutout portion to which the tube body portion is inserted, the cutout portion opening toward the tip end portion,
wherein the one end portion of the greasing tube and the tube body portion are housed inside the arm body,
and wherein the other end portion of the greasing tube is oriented to an outside of the arm through the cutout portion and fixed to the side surface of the arm.

US Pat. No. 11,066,805

MEASURING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR HORIZONTAL DYNAMIC IMPEDANCE OF SPECIFIED FOUNDATION DEPTH BASED ON DIFFERENTIAL RESPONSE ANALYSIS OF PULSE EXCITATION

DALIAN UNIVERSITY OF TECH...


1. A measuring device for horizontal dynamic impedance of specified foundation depth based on differential response analysis of pulse excitation, the measuring device comprising a bracket (1), a bidirectional electromagnetic exciter (2), single-degree-of-freedom oscillators (3), strain gauges (4), a raft (5), two rigid piles (6), a photosensitive band (7), laser sources (8) and an information collector (9), whereinthe two rigid piles (6) with different lengths are embedded into different foundation depths; the single-degree-of-freedom oscillators (3) with different frequencies are arranged on pile heads of the two rigid piles (6) according to the frequency of an actual structure, and the natural vibration frequencies of the single-degree-of-freedom oscillators (3) are regulated by regulating the heights and the mass of the single-degree-of-freedom oscillators (3); the strain gauges (4) are vertically arranged on the bottoms of the single-degree-of-freedom oscillators (3) and used for measuring bottom strain of the single-degree-of-freedom oscillators (3); laser source (8) is arranged respectively on each of the single-degree-of-freedom oscillators; absolute displacements of the single-degree-of-freedom oscillators (3) at each moment are measured through the photosensitive band (7) arranged at one side parallel to the axes of the two rigid piles (6) and the information collector (9) connected with the photosensitive band (7);
the raft (5) is arranged on the junction of the rigid piles (6) and a foundation surface and is used for ensuring that the junction of the rigid piles and the foundation surface is static; the bidirectional electromagnetic exciter (2) is installed on the raft (5) through the bracket (1) and is positioned between the two rigid piles (6) to ensure that impact loads on the two rigid piles (6) are the same; the bidirectional electromagnetic exciter (2) can instantly eject an oscillator to impact a pile head through electromagnetic change.

US Pat. No. 11,066,804

PERIMETER DRAIN

AFS Newco, LLC, Virginia...


1. A water drainage system comprising: a plurality of lengths of drain pipe comprising a channel and a vertical wall, wherein (i) the vertical wall comprises one or more standoffs extending horizontally from the vertical wall; (ii) wherein the drain pipe comprises a top edge and a bottom edge, each of the top and bottom edges being bifurcated by a v-shaped notch; (iii) wherein lengths of adjacent drain pipe are connected to one another via a frictional fitted clip positioned at the end of two (2) lengths of drain pipe; and (iv) wherein a portion of the clip is disposed within either of the v-shaped notches formed on the drain pipe.

US Pat. No. 11,066,803

LOCKING SUBGRADE VAULT

OLDCASTLE INFRASTRUCTURE,...


1. A subgrade vault, comprising:a body portion comprising a plurality of side walls which define an enclosure;
at least one of the plurality of sidewalls comprising a structure such that the vault comprises a first internal perimeter and a second internal perimeter, the first internal perimeter being less than the second internal perimeter;
a lid comprising a top surface and a bottom surface and the bottom surface comprising at least one locking element that is rotatable between a first position and a second position, the first position comprising an unlocked position and the second position comprising a locked position wherein the locking element is provided in contact with at least one of the plurality of side walls of the body portion;
a fastener extending through at least a portion of the locking element;
the locking element having a predetermined length comprising a slot, and wherein the fastener extends through the slot and the slot enables movement of the locking element; and
a biasing member provided substantially coaxially with the fastener that biases the locking element such that manipulation of the locking element is facilitated; and
wherein the locking element comprises a nut at least partially disposed within a cage of the locking element, and wherein a rotation of the nut is opposed by the cage.

US Pat. No. 11,066,802

FOLDABLE AND/OR COLLAPSIBLE PLASTIC/COMPOSITE UTILITY ENCLOSURE

TAN Composites, LLC, Hom...


1. A foldable extension enclosure for a utility enclosure, comprising: a) a first side, a second side opposite the first side, a third side, and a fourth side opposite the third side, each of said sides having a first end and a second opposite end defining an interior of the extension enclosure; b) the first end of the first side connected to the second opposite end of the third side by means of a first hinge; the first end of the third side connected to the second opposite end of the second side by means of a second hinge; the first end of the second side connected to the second opposite end of the fourth side by means of a third hinge; and the first end of the fourth side connected to the second opposite end of the first side by means of a fourth hinge, wherein each hinge has a single hinge pin that extends from a top end of the foldable extension enclosure to a bottom end of the foldable extension enclosure; c) the third side is constructed to rotate on the first and second hinges only away from the first side and the fourth side is constructed to rotate on the third and fourth hinges only towards the first side when the foldable extension enclosure is moved from an unfolded position to a folded position; d) the third side and the fourth side are constructed to rotate until the first side engages the second side wherein the foldable extension enclosure is in a folded configuration; e) the first end of the first side at the top end of the foldable extension enclosure slidably overlaps the second opposite end of the third side at the top end of the foldable extension enclosure and the first end of the second side at the top end of the foldable extension enclosure slidably overlaps the second opposite end of the fourth side at the top end of the foldable extension enclosure; and f) an internal top ledge on each side in the interior near the top end of the extension enclosure and an external bottom ledge on each side on an exterior near the bottom end of the extension enclosure, wherein a plurality of mounting holes is located in each side between the internal top ledge and the top end and between the external bottom ledge and the bottom end.

US Pat. No. 11,066,801

COFFERDAM SYSTEM AND METHOD OF INSTALLING THE SAME

AQUAPERA INDUSTRIES INC.,...


1. A cofferdam system securable above a waterbed to an underwater structure defining an underwater structure surface and across a body of water defining a dam downstream side and a dam upstream side, the cofferdam system comprising:a post support and anchoring assembly securable to the underwater structure in a spaced apart configuration from the waterbed;
a web support frame extending at least partially upwardly from the post support and anchoring assembly in a spaced apart configuration from the underwater structure surface; and
a substantially flexible impermeable web positioned across the body of water and configured to cover the post support and anchoring assembly and at least a lower section of the web support frame outwardly therefrom to provide a substantially dry enclosure from the dam upstream side between the substantially flexible impermeable web and the underwater structure surface when mounted to the underwater structure and once water is being removed from the dam downstream side.

US Pat. No. 11,066,800

OFFSHORE INSTALLATION

INNOGY SE, Essen (DE)


1. An offshore installation comprising an underwater foundation structure, a construction placed on the foundation structure and a landing facility for a boat and a device for cathodic corrosion protection for the underwater foundation structure, having at least two anodes (2) arranged at a distance from one another, which are each fastened to one of a plurality of a beams (4) or brackets of the foundation structure, wherein the offshore installation is characterized in thatthe beams or the bracket are each connected directly to the foundation structure below a waterline;
the underwater foundation structure is formed as a monopile foundation and the beams (4) or the bracket are fastened directly to an outer wall of a monopile (1); and
with reference to a circumference of the monopile (1), the at least two anodes (2) extend at an angular distance from one another of greater than or equal to 90°; and
the beams are formed as hollow profiles through which a power cable is laid, the power cable being connected to the anode and being guided through an opening in the outer wall of the monopile.

US Pat. No. 11,066,799

PROTECTIVE JACKET FOR TAPE-WRAPPED PILE


1. An apparatus for protecting a substrate on a pile immersed in water comprising:a. a plurality of jacket members shaped to embrace a pile of a certain cross section;
b. at least one flange member along each of two vertical edges of each said jacket member;
c. a vertically oriented row of holes in each said flange member;
d. fasteners inserted into each said hole of each said flange member tightened to clamp connected jacket members together;
e. a mesh interposed between each said jacket member and said pile;
f. a protective tape wrapped around said pile; and
g. wherein said mesh lies in direct contact with an interior surface of each said jacket member and with said protective tape.

US Pat. No. 11,066,798

WATER INTAKE STRUCTURE

Sea to Sky Energy Solutio...


1. A water intake structure comprising:a plurality of spaced-apart elongate members, wherein the improvement comprises each said elongate member including an elongate mount and an elongate outer cap coupled to the elongate mount thereof;
one or more support members extendable between upstream and downstream portions of water, the elongate mounts of the elongate members coupling to the one or more support members; and
a plurality of slots, each extending between adjacent pairs of said elongate members, whereby the water passes along and upon the elongate outer caps of the elongate members, with portions of the water being taken in through said slots.

US Pat. No. 11,066,797

SALT SPREADER ATTACHABLE TO EARTH MOVING EQUIPMENT


1. A salt spreader for distributing a material comprising:a bucket including a front surface, a rear surface, first and second side surfaces, and a base surface, wherein the front and rear surfaces tend toward one another, and wherein the base surface forms an auger tube and includes first and second ejection ports;
a separator positioned in a center of the bucket parallel to the first and second side surfaces, wherein the separator defines first and second portions of the auger tube, and wherein the first and second ejection ports are located in the first and second portions of the auger tube, respectively;
first and second spinner mounts attached to the base surface of the bucket under the first and second ejection ports, respectively;
first and second spinners rotatably mounted atop of the first and second spinner mounts, respectively;
first and second augers positioned in the first and second portions, respectively, of the auger tube of the base surface of the bucket, the first and second augers being separated by the separator, wherein each of the first and second augers rotates to direct salt within the bucket toward the first and second ejection port, respectively; and
first and second covers within the bucket extending downwardly from the first and second side surfaces, respectively, toward the separator, wherein the first and second ejection ports are located under the first and second covers, respectively.

US Pat. No. 11,066,796

ROTOR FOR SNOW THROWER

The Toro Company, Bloomi...


1. A snow thrower comprising:a rotor assembly having a first auger, a second auger, and a paddle disposed between the first and second augers, the rotor assembly fixed to a shaft and the shaft configured to rotate around an axis;
an intake housing having a first interior surface adjacent to the first auger and a second interior surface adjacent to the second auger, the intake housing further comprising a first kicker and a second kicker defining a chute opening therebetween, the chute opening having a width greater than the width of a throwing surface of the rotor assembly, wherein the first and second kickers have a width, the first and second augers have a width, and wherein the ratio of the kicker width to the auger width is at least 0.75;
wherein an outer edge of the first auger has a clearance of less than 1 centimeter from the first interior surface across a sweep of at least 120 degrees, and an outer edge of the second auger has a clearance of less than 1 centimeter from the second interior surface across a sweep of at least 120 degrees.

US Pat. No. 11,066,795

EQUIPMENT FOR CREATING A CROSS-COUNTRY SKI TRAIL

PRINOTH S.P.A., Vipiteno...


1. Cross-country ski trail creation equipment comprising:a tracker device configured to form a plurality of tracks in a snow cover;
a connection structure connecting the tracker device to a first tiller, wherein the connection structure is connected to the tracker device in a jointed manner around a first axis, and the first axis is transverse to a feed direction and transverse to the snow cover; and
a support structure connectable to a vehicle and comprising a joint which extends parallel to a second axis transverse to the first axis, wherein the connection structure is revolvably connectable to the support structure by the joint around the second axis to enable a free rotation around the second axis, and wherein the connection structure connects the tracker device to the first tiller in a jointed manner around the second axis.

US Pat. No. 11,066,794

BRACE FOR ERECTING A BOLLARD FENCE

Neusch Innovations, LP, ...


1. A method for supporting a bollard panel in a vertical position for installing the bollard panel in the ground, the method comprising:positioning a bottom end of the bollard panel in an open trench, the bollard panel comprising adjacent bollards, a gap between the adjacent bollards, and a lateral support attached to the adjacent bollards; and
using a brace to support the bollard panel in the open trench, the brace comprising a linear structure having an arch section that includes a panel connector, a first longitudinal section extending in a first axial direction away from the arch section, and a second longitudinal section extending in a second axial direction away from the arch section, wherein the panel connector is attached to the bollard panel and the brace extends generally perpendicular to the bollard panel with the first longitudinal section located on a first side of the bollard panel and the second longitudinal section located on a second side of the bollard panel, and at least one of the first longitudinal section and the second longitudinal section contacting the ground.

US Pat. No. 11,066,793

ARCH FOOT MAINTAINING DEVICE AND MAINTENANCE METHOD FOR ACHIEVING MULTI-DEGREE-OF-FREEDOM DISPLACEMENT OF ARCH FOOT


1. An arch foot maintaining device, comprising a plurality of supporting structures combined along a straight line, wherein the supporting structure includes a base, two base supporting seats disposed on an upper surface of the base, a hydraulic jack, a roller (3), and a roller supporting seat, the base is a cuboid with equal length and width, and a through hole running through four side surfaces of the base is provided on the base, a vertical guide groove is provided on each of the two base supporting seats, the roller supporting seat is U-shaped and located between the two base supporting seats, the roller is rotatably supported in the roller supporting seat (4), two ends of a central axis of the roller are located in the two guide grooves of the two base supporting seats, respectively, a plane where the roller lies is parallel to one of the side surfaces of the base, the hydraulic jack is disposed within the base, and a top of the hydraulic jack abuts against a bottom of the roller supporting seat.

US Pat. No. 11,066,792

ASPHALT RECLAIMER WITH TOP HEATING LID


1. An asphalt reclaimer with a pivoting heating lid comprising:an asphalt holding chamber having a bottom and side surfaces,
an asphalt holding grate having apertures within the holding chamber adapted to hold asphalt chunks, and allow the asphalt to drop through the grate when the asphalt chunks are heated,
an asphalt removal door in one of the side surfaces, located below the asphalt holding grate,
a top lid pivotally connected to one of the side surfaces, the top lid being movable between a closed position in which the lid substantially covers the asphalt holding chamber, and an open position in which the top lid does not cover the asphalt holding chamber, the top lid comprising:a substantially solid upper surface,
substantially solid side edges
a fuel inlet port,
a plurality of exhaust apertures,
a heating element disposed between the side edges and that is in communication with the fuel inlet port.


US Pat. No. 11,066,791

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING A QUALITY OF A PAVING MATERIAL

MOBA MOBILE AUTOMATION AG...


1. A method for monitoring and/or controlling a quality of a paving material distributed along a paving area using a paver, comprising:receiving at least one thermal profile of a portion of the paving area in which the paving material is distributed, the thermal profile comprising a plurality of temperature values assigned to respective measurement points; and
analyzing the at least one thermal profile in order to detect segregated spots of the paving material within the portion, wherein the analyzing comprises:determining a first zone of measurement points arranged adjacent to each other and having temperature values within a predetermined range, wherein the first zone is at least partially surrounded by measurement points having temperature values out of the predetermined range;
analyzing an orientation of the first zone with respect to a travel direction of the paver; and
assigning an indication to the portion based on the analyzing of the orientation;
wherein the step of analyzing the orientation is performed so as to determine whether the first zone is substantially orientated along or perpendicular to the travel direction.


US Pat. No. 11,066,790

CONCRETE SCREEDING SYSTEM WITH FLOATING SCREED HEAD

SOMERO ENTERPRISES, INC.,...


1. A concrete screeding device for screeding uncured concrete placed at a support surface, said concrete screeding device comprising:a screed head comprising a floating platform, a grade setting device and a vibrating member, wherein said grade setting device is adjustably mounted at said floating platform, and wherein said vibrating member is vertically movable relative to said floating platform and said grade setting device;
wherein said screed head is configured to be positioned at a start of a screeding pass and placed at a surface of placed uncured concrete, and wherein, when said screed head is placed at the surface of the placed uncured concrete, said screed head is fully supported at the surface of the placed uncured concrete;
a screed moving device that is operable (i) to engage a lifting portion of said screed head and move said screed head to position said screed head at the start of the screeding pass, (ii) to place said screed head at the surface of the placed uncured concrete, (iii) to disengage from the lifting portion of said screed head and (iv) to pull said screed head along the surface of the placed uncured concrete while said screed head is fully supported at the surface of the placed uncured concrete;
wherein, after said screed head is positioned at the start of the screeding pass and placed at the surface of the placed uncured concrete, said screed moving device disengages from the lifting portion of said screed head and pulls said screed head along the surface of the placed uncured concrete; and
wherein, while said screed head is pulled along the surface of the placed uncured concrete and fully supported at the surface of the placed uncured concrete, said floating platform floats on the surface of the placed uncured concrete and said grade setting device adjusts relative to said floating platform to establish a graded surface of the placed uncured concrete at which said vibrating member will move over and along.

US Pat. No. 11,066,789

GROUND COMPACTION ROLLER AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING AN OSCILLATION CHARACTERISTIC OF A GROUND COMPACTION ROLLER

BOMAG GmbH, Boppard (DE)...


1. A ground compaction roller, comprising:a machine frame having an operator platform;
a drive engine;
at least one first roller drum, said at least one first roller drum being mounted for rotation between two mounting arms arranged at face sides of said at least one first roller drum and connected to the machine frame; and
a first exciter unit configured to generate oscillations arranged inside said at least one first roller drum, said first exciter unit comprising:an exciter housing;
two imbalance weights mounted inside said exciter housing for rotation in opposite directions and coupled to one another, said imbalance weights rotating about two rotation axes (R1, R2) that are stationary relative to said exciter housing; and
a drive motor arranged outside said exciter housing, said drive motor being in drive connection with at least one of said two rotatably mounted imbalance weights,
wherein said exciter housing is connected to at least one of the two mounting arms via a rotary lock so that said exciter housing is rotationally fixed in a non-adjustable manner relative to the mounting arms, and that the two imbalance weights are coupled to one another in such a manner that amplitudes of the two imbalance weights add up in a horizontal direction.


US Pat. No. 11,066,787

WELDING APPARATUS FOR WELDING RAILS OF A TRACK


1. A welding head for welding rails of a track, the welding head comprising:first and second welding units disposed for movement towards one another along unit guides in a guide longitudinal direction;
first and second clamping jaws to be applied to a rail web, said first clamping jaw being disposed at a lower end of said first welding unit and said second clamping jaw being disposed at a lower end of said second welding unit;
a support device connected to said first welding unit and displaceable in a guide longitudinal direction relative to said first welding unit, said support device being configured for placement on the track during working operations.

US Pat. No. 11,066,786

IDENTIFICATION DOCUMENT WITH DYNAMIC WINDOW


1. An identification document comprising:a multilayer laminate comprising a core layer, the core layer defining an opening therethrough; and
a dynamic window in the opening, the dynamic window comprising:an image superimposed on a first side of the dynamic window, wherein the first side of the dynamic window corresponds to a first side of the identification document; and
an optically variable coating on a second side of the dynamic window, wherein the second side of the dynamic window corresponds to a second side of the identification document,
wherein the first side of the dynamic window is opposite the second side of the dynamic window, and the first side of the identification document is opposite the second side of the identification document,
wherein the image is visible and the dynamic window provides a transparent background for the image when the image is viewed from the first side of the identification document in light transmitted through the second side of the identification document and the second side of the dynamic window toward the first side of the dynamic window,
wherein the image is visible and the dynamic window provides a nontransparent background for the image when the image is viewed from the first side of the identification document in light reflected from the first side of the identification document, and
wherein an optical intensity of the dynamic window changes according to an angle at which the dynamic window is viewed in reflected light.


US Pat. No. 11,066,785

METHOD FOR IMPROVING FABRIC RELEASE IN STRUCTURED SHEET MAKING APPLICATIONS

SOLENIS TECHNOLOGIES, L.P...


1. A method for reducing the adhesion between a tissue web and a surface of a structured fabric in a tissue making process comprising:providing a micro-emulsion comprising a first hydrophobic agent selected from the group consisting of hydrophobically modified polyethylene glycols, hydrophobically modified polyaminoamides, hydrophobically modified polyvinylamines and combinations thereof, a second hydrophobic agent selected from the group consisting of mineral oils, vegetable oils, fatty acid esters, natural or synthetically derived hydrocarbons, natural or synthetically derived wax, Carnauba wax, hydrolyzed AKD, polyethylene homopolymers, polypropylene homopolymers, ethylene-acrylic acid copolymers, ethylene maleic anhydride copolymers, propylene maleic anhydride copolymers, oxidized polypropylene homopolymers, oxidized polyethylene homopolymers, and combinations thereof; and at least one surfactant; wherein the first hydrophobic agent comprises from about 0.1 wt. % to about 10 wt % of the dry weight of the microemulsion, the second hydrophobic agent comprises from about 50 wt % to about 99.8 wt % of the dry weight of the microemulsion and the surfactant comprises from about 0.1 wt % to about 49.9 wt % of the dry weight of the microemulsion, and wherein the micro-emulsion has a mean particle size of from 1 ?m to about 0.1 ?m;
applying the resulting micro-emulsion to the surface of the structured fabric;
thereafter, contacting the surface of the structured fabric with the tissue web; and
producing a tissue product from the tissue web after contacting the surface of the structured fabric with the tissue web.

US Pat. No. 11,066,784

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING DISSOLVING PULP


1. A method for manufacturing dissolving pulp using wood material, said method comprising the steps of;a) subjecting said wood material to a hydrothermal treatment using steam and/or water,
b) digesting said wood material obtained from step a) to a pulp in a kraft cooking process;
c) subjecting said pulp to a cold caustic extraction CCE; and
d) dewatering, washing and pressing said pulp to get a pulp product having a carbohydrate content,characterized by that
said wood material is a coniferous wood material, and whereby said hydrothermal treatment is performed until a P-factor of from 100-300 is reached, and whereby said cold caustic extraction is executed to reach a combined concentration of anhydromannose and anhydroxylose of 5 weight % or less of said carbohydrate content of said pulp product.


US Pat. No. 11,066,783

CORROSION RESISTANT CABLE


1. A cable comprising:a core including a plurality of first wires made of carbon steel; and
a plurality of strands surrounding the core, each strand including a plurality of second wires made of stainless steel,
wherein the cable has a maximum cross-sectional dimension less than 2 millimeters, and
wherein the cable has a breaking strength of at least 2000 Newtons.

US Pat. No. 11,066,782

TEXTILE PRINTING

HP Indigo B.V., Amstelve...


1. A method of printing on a textile substrate, the method comprising:a. applying a primer comprising a cross-linkable primer resin onto a surface of the textile substrate to form a primer layer;
b. electrophotographically printing onto the primer layer an electrostatic ink composition comprising a cross-linkable thermoplastic resin to form a printed layer;
c. applying a cross-linking composition comprising a cross-linking agent to the printed layer, whereini. the cross-linking agent penetrates into at least the electrostatic ink composition and the primer layer; and/or
ii. the cross-linking agent is a non-isocyanate agent; and

d. activating the cross-linking agent.

US Pat. No. 11,066,780

PROTECTIVE LAYER FOR IRONING BOARD


1. A protective layer for an ironing board, comprising:an overlay portion;
an edge that extends over an entirety of sides of a top surface of an ironing board and is configured to grip the sides of the top surface of the ironing board to prevent slippage of the protective layer from the ironing board;
an underlay portion, the underlay portion formed from a layer of aluminum, wherein the layer of aluminum is configured in small patches on an underside of the overlay portion; and
a plurality of tabs extending from the edge, and the plurality of tabs each having a hole positioned therein for hanging items from the protective cover,
wherein the protective layer is stretchable to fit over the top surface of an ironing board, and wherein the plurality of tabs are positioned on each elongated side of the protective layer and on a back portion of the protective layer.

US Pat. No. 11,066,779

CLOTHES DRYER

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...


1. A clothes dryer comprising:a body;
a first drying container installed in the body and configured to include a rotary drum configured to be rotatable; and
a second drying container installed in the body but separated from the first drying container, the second drying container comprisingan electrode plate including a first electrode plate installed on one surface of the second drying container and a second electrode plate installed on another surface of the second drying container facing the first electrode plate, the electrode plate including a plurality of electrode regions;

a controller configured to select an electrode region where an electric field is to be applied, among the plurality of electrode regions; and
an electric field applier configured to apply an electric field to the electrode region selected by the controller.

US Pat. No. 11,066,778

HYBRID RF/CONVENTIONAL CLOTHES DRYER

Cool Dry, Inc., Santa Cl...


1. An apparatus for heating a load including an absorbed medium, comprising:a conventional energy source configured to heat air and to supply the heated air into an enclosure that accommodates the load and medium therein;
a radio frequency (RF) energy source configured to apply heat to the load and medium within the enclosure via an alternating current (AC) electrical field embodied as a capacitor;
a valve configured to, based on the RF energy source being turned on to perform RF dielectric heating of the enclosure, be opened to allow air heated by recovered heat from the RF energy source to be supplied to the enclosure; and
an air blower configured to suction air out of the enclosure and to generate an output air flow, wherein the enclosure is located between the valve and the air blower.

US Pat. No. 11,066,777

DRAINAGE AND DEWATERING CONTROL METHOD FOR SELF-CLEANING WASHING MACHINE

CHONGQING HAIER WASHING M...


1. A drainage and dewatering control method for a self-cleaning washing machine, the washing machine including an inner tub and an outer tub and cleaning particles for cleaning an outer wall of the inner tub and an inner wall of the outer tub along with movement of a water flow, the cleaning particles arranged in a space located between the inner tub and the outer tub of the washing machine, the method comprising:receiving a drainage instruction, and opening a drainage valve;
determining an amount of the cleaning particles per each unit volume of water in the space;
controlling a rotating speed of the inner tub;
regulating a frequency of friction and collision between the cleaning particles and the inner and outer tub walls;
dividing drainage and dewatering processes of the washing machine into at least two control stages according to the amount of the cleaning particles per each unit volume of water in the space; and
setting different rotating speeds of the inner tub in respective control stages of the at least two control stages, where a rotating speed of the inner tub is higher in the respective control stages than other respective control stages wherein the amount of the cleaning particles per each unit volume of water is larger.

US Pat. No. 11,066,776

WASHING MACHINE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...


1. A detergent supply unit comprising:a detergent dispenser mounted to an accommodation portion in an upper portion of a body and configured to accommodate detergents;
a detergent mixing tub configured to mix some of the detergent with washing water;
a pump coupled to the detergent dispenser and configured to supply some of the detergent from the detergent dispenser to the detergent mixing tub; and
a driver coupled to a door and configured to transmit a driving force driving the pump,
wherein the pump comprises a pump handle configured to perform a reciprocating motion by the driving force,
wherein a detergent discharge port configured to discharge some of the detergent is provided at one end of the pump handle.

US Pat. No. 11,066,775

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CLEANING LAUNDRY

Electrolux Appliances Akt...


1. A laundry washing machine comprising:a casing;
a washing tub located within the casing;
a drum mounted within the washing tub and configured to rotate relative to the casing;
a door attached to the casing and being openable to provide access to the drum;
an additive loading and supply system configured to receive loose detergent;
one or more valves configured to selectively provide water to the additive loading and supply system;
a tub supply pipe fluidly connecting the additive loading and supply system to the drum;
a receptacle configured to receive a unit dose package comprising a water soluble pouch containing a dose of cleaning product; and
means for breaking the unit dose package outside the additive loading and supply system;
wherein the receptacle is located in the additive loading and supply system, and at least a first portion of the tub supply pipe is configured to pass an unbroken unit dose package therethrough; and
wherein the means for breaking the unit dose package comprises a retainer fixed in place in the tub supply pipe, the retainer being configured to prevent an unbroken unit dose package from passing downstream through the tub supply pipe and allow only a broken unit dose package to pass downstream through the tub supply pipe; and
wherein the means for breaking the unit dose package further comprises one or more knives or pins operatively associated with the retainer.

US Pat. No. 11,066,774

LAUNDRY TREATING APPLIANCE AND DISPENSER FOR TREATING CHEMISTRIES

Whirlpool Corporation, B...


1. A laundry treating appliance comprising:a laundry treating chamber;
a treating chemistry dispenser comprising:a container defining an open receiving chamber configured to hold a single dose of either a solid or liquid treating chemistry and having a siphon outlet fluidly coupled to the treating chamber and a drain outlet fluidly coupled to the treating chamber;
a siphon located in the receiving chamber and selectively fluidly coupling the siphon outlet to the treating chamber when liquid in the receiving chamber reaches a first level;
a float located in the receiving chamber and selectively fluidly coupling the drain outlet to the treating chamber when liquid in the receiving chamber reaches a second level, greater than the first level; and

a grid insert overlaying the open receiving chamber and covering at least the siphon and the float, wherein a top of the float comprises a flange that abuts an underside of the grid insert when liquid in the receiving chamber reaches the second level, wherein liquid treating chemistry is dispensed through the siphon outlet when liquid in the receiving chamber reaches the first level and solid treating chemistry is dispensed through the drain outlet when the liquid in the receiving chamber reaches the second level.

US Pat. No. 11,066,773

LAUNDRY TREATING APPARATUS

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...


1. A laundry treating apparatus comprising:a cabinet;
a tub provided inside the cabinet, providing a space where water is stored;
a tub cover provided at an upper surface of the tub and including an inlet to insert laundry;
a drum rotatably provided inside the tub, defining a space where laundry is stored, and including a drum inlet to insert laundry into the drum; and
a support unit (i) provided with a thickness corresponding to a distance between the drum and the tub cover, (ii) including a lower end that is seated in the drum inlet and an upper end that supports the tub cover, (iii) fitted between the tub cover and the drum to prevent the tub cover from deforming and (iv) configured to be inserted or ejected through the inlet of the tub cover.

US Pat. No. 11,066,772

LAUNDRY WASHING MACHINE PROVIDED WITH A CONTROL PANEL

Electrolux Appliances Akt...


1. A laundry washing machine connectable to a water mains, the laundry washing machine comprising:a cabinet supporting a washing drum adapted to receive laundry and a washing tub external to the washing drum;
a treating agents dispenser connectable to the water mains and comprising compartments adapted to be filled with at least one treating agent;
a supply line, fluidly connecting the treating agents dispenser and the washing tub;
a control panel comprising input devices configured to receive a selection of washing programs and/or parameters of the machine and comprising visual identifiers on an outer surface of the cabinet and configured to indicate information to a user regarding features of the machine and/or the settings/status of the machine; and
a control unit configured to control functioning of the laundry washing machine;
wherein: at least one visual identifier of the visual identifiers of the control panel identifies the selected washing program and the at least one visual identifier and at least one compartment of the compartments of the treating agents dispenser comprise a common visual identifier to correlate each visual identifier of the visual identifiers of the control panel to a corresponding compartment of the compartments of the treating agents dispenser for the user to insert a dose of a treating agent into the compartment,
the at least one visual identifier of the visual identifiers comprises a first visual identifier, wherein the first visual identifier differs from other visual identifiers of the control panel, and the at least one compartment of the compartments of the treating agents dispenser comprises a second visual identifier,
the first visual identifier being independent from the second visual identifier, and
the first visual identifier and the second visual identifier have a same colouring.

US Pat. No. 11,066,771

METHOD FOR OPERATING A WASHING MACHINE AND WASHING MACHINE

E.G.O. Elektro-Geraetebau...


1. Method for operating a washing machine, wherein:the washing machine comprises:a drum for conducting a washing process therein,
a sump located underneath the drum for collecting water exiting the drum,
a water circulation system including at least one of an extractible or a removable drawer for introducing detergent or additives for the washing process, the water circulation system being in fluid connection to a detecting means for detecting microfibers in the water, and
a circulation pump for circulating water in the water circulation system, and

the method comprises the steps of:branching off an amount of water circulating in the water circulation system and transporting it to the detecting means to be analyzed,
analyzing the water in the detecting means, and
depending on the result of this analysis, activating a filtering process with a filtering means for filtering out the microfibers from the water.


US Pat. No. 11,066,770

LAUNDRY TREATMENT APPARATUS AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...


1. A method of controlling a laundry treatment apparatus that includes that is configured to store water and that includes a tub opening at a top of the tub; a tub cover that is coupled to the tub, that covers the tub opening, and that includes an introduction port through which laundry is introduced into the tub; a tub door that is coupled to the tub cover and that is configured to open or close the introduction port; a drum that is located in the tub and rotatable about a shaft, the shaft extending in a vertical direction, and that is configured to store laundry supplied from the introduction port; and a spray unit provided on the tub cover to spray water into the drum to reduce bubbles generated in the drum, wherein the method comprises:sequentially performing a washing cycle, a rinsing cycle and a spin-drying cycle;
determining whether bubbles have been generated in the tub during the washing cycle; and
sequentially performing, during the rinsing cycle, draining washing water from the tub, spinning the drum to remove water from the laundry using centrifugal force generated by rotation of the drum, supplying wash water in the tub, and rotating the drum to rinse the laundry,
wherein when bubble generation has been determined in the washing cycle, at least one operation directed to reducing bubbles by spraying water with the spray unit into the drum is performed, and the at least one operation directed to reducing bubbles is performed during at least one of the washing cycle and the rinsing cycle.

US Pat. No. 11,066,769

CLOTH SPREADING APPARATUS

PUREX CO., LTD., Takamat...


1. A cloth spreading apparatus comprising:a pair of feeding chucks for grasping adjacent corners of a cloth;
a moving device for moving the pair of feeding chucks between a feeding position and a delivery position of the cloth to feed the cloth; and
a spreading chuck for directly or indirectly receiving the cloth from the pair of feeding chucks and spreading the cloth in a direction of separating the adjacent corners from each other,
wherein the moving device has a separate moving trajectory corresponding to each of the feeding chucks and the pair of feeding chucks are constructed so as to move independently of each other between the feeding position and the delivery position.

US Pat. No. 11,066,768

FLY EDGESTITCHING APPARATUS

YKK Corporation, Tokyo (...


1. An edge stitching device for a fly, whereinthe fly, which is an object to be stitched, includes a lower fly body having an edge where a horizontal side and a vertical side extending straight in intersecting directions are joined by a curved side, in which a slide fastener on an upper side is superimposed on the fly body, an extending direction of the vertical side is aligned with a longitudinal direction of the slide fastener, two end portions of the fly body in an extending direction of the horizontal side are protruded from the slide fastener to two width direction sides of the slide fastener,
the edge stitching device comprises:a table on which the fly is placed;
a clamping device which sandwiches the fly in cooperation with the table;
a sewing machine which edge-stitches an edge of the fly body and is provided on the table;

a cutter provided in the sewing machine and configured to cut the fly body to form the curved side in the edge of the fly body; anda clamping device conveying device which conveys the clamping device in a state where the fly is sandwiched by the clamping device in the cooperation with the table,

the clamping device conveying device continuously performs: pre-edge-stitching conveyance, in which the clamping device is linearly conveyed toward the sewing machine in a state where the fly is sandwiched before edge stitching; and edge stitching conveyance, in which the clamping device is conveyed in a state where the fly is sandwiched during the edge stitching, and
in the edge stitching conveyance, the clamping device is conveyed in accordance with a shape of the curved side formed by the cutter.

US Pat. No. 11,066,767

SEWING MACHINE

JUKI CORPORATION, Tama (...


1. A sewing machine comprising:a needle vertical movement mechanism that is configured to vertically move a sewing needle;
a moving mechanism that is configured to hold a workpiece having a plurality of layers by a holding frame to move the held workpiece;
an inner presser-foot device that is configured to vertically move an inner presser foot on an upper side of the workpiece held by the holding frame;
a control device that is configured to control the moving mechanism based on sewing data in which stitch positions are defined in order in a series of sewing; and
a height detector that is configured to detect a height of the inner presser foot,
wherein the control device lowers the inner presser foot to an upper surface of the workpiece held by the holding frame, detects the height of the inner presser foot by the height detector, and determines suitability of a thickness of the workpiece, at one or a plurality of stitch positions defined in the sewing data before starting the sewing in accordance with the sewing data.

US Pat. No. 11,066,766

MANUFACTURE OF SPUNBOND FROM CONTINUOUS FILAMENTS


1. An apparatus for making spunbonded nonwoven from continuous thermoplastic filaments, the apparatus comprising:a spinneret for downwardly emitting the continuous filaments in a vertical direction;
a pair of vertical longitudinal side walls extending in a machine direction and a pair of vertical transverse side walls also extending transversely to the machine direction, bridging the longitudinal side walls, and forming therewith a cooling chamber directly beneath the spinneret for receiving the spun filaments from the spinneret and cooling the spun filaments with cooling air, each of the longitudinal and transverse walls being formed with a plurality of openings or gas-permeable regions;
respective air-supply manifolds on the transverse side walls for feeding cooling air therefrom through the openings or regions of the transverse side walls into the cooling chamber;
means for extracting air from the cooling chamber through the openings or regions of the longitudinal side walls;
a stretcher directly beneath the cooling chamber for receiving and elongating the cooled filaments; and
a device for depositing the stretched filaments as a band and conveying the band off in the machine direction.

US Pat. No. 11,066,765

UHMWPE FIBER AND METHOD TO PRODUCE

HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL I...


1. A coated fiber having at least some fiber surface area that is not covered by a fiber surface finish, said fiber having a dry protective coating on at least a portion of the fiber surface area that is not covered by the fiber surface finish and wherein said fiber is encapsulated by the dry protective coating, wherein said dry protective coating comprises at least one poly(alkyl-oxide) polymer, and wherein said fiber has a tenacity of at least about 18 g/denier.

US Pat. No. 11,066,764

COOLING FABRIC

BEDGEAR, LLC, Farmingdal...


1. A three-layer circular knitted jacquard fabric comprising:a first layer comprising a yarn made from a first material;
a second layer comprising a yarn made from a second material; and
a third layer comprising a yarn made from a third material, at least one of the materials comprising ultra-high weight molecular polyethylene,
wherein the second layer is positioned between the first layer and the third layer such that the second layer provides loft between the first layer and the third layer,
wherein the first material comprises ultra-high weight molecular polyethylene and a phase change material,
wherein the second material comprises polyester, viscose and a second phase change material, and
wherein the third material comprises polyester.

US Pat. No. 11,066,763

KNITTING METHODS FOR INCREASED SEPARATION OF FABRIC LAYERS OF TETHERED SPACER FABRICS

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...


1. A method of forming a spacer fabric, the method comprising:performing, via a knitting machine, an iterative process a plurality of times to form a plurality of tether segments, the iterative process comprisingknitting a tether from a first point to a second point on a first fabric layer,
extending the tether from the second point to a third point on a second fabric layer to start formation of one of the plurality of tether segments,
temporarily holding the tether at the third point via one of a plurality of temporary holding needles,
extending the tether from the third point to a fourth point on the first fabric layer,
temporarily holding the tether at the fourth point via another one of the plurality of temporary holding needles,
extending the tether from the fourth point to a fifth point on the second fabric layer to complete formation of the one of the plurality of tether segments, and
knitting the tether from the fifth point to a final point on the second fabric layer; and

releasing the plurality of tether segments from the temporary holding needles to allow a distance between the first fabric layer and the second fabric layer to increase.

US Pat. No. 11,066,762

PROCESS AND SYSTEM OF DEBUNDLING FIBER TOW FOR USE IN PREFORM MATS AND MOLDING COMPOSITIONS CONTAINING SUCH FIBERS

CONTINENTAL STRUCTURAL PL...


1. A system for debundling fiber tow into chopped fibers comprising:one or more reels of fiber tow;
a cutting element configured to receive the fiber tow to form chopped fiber from the one or more reels of fiber tow;
a tube with an introduced gas flow configured to receive the chopped fiber and to create a debundling vortex;
a moving belt positioned under the tube to collect the chopped fiber exiting the tube under gravity;
a set of rollers to flatten the chopped fiber on the moving belt; and
wherein the tube is configured to pivot side to side relative to a direction of movement of the moving belt to vary lateral distribution of the chopped fibers on the moving belt.

US Pat. No. 11,066,761

YARN MANUFACTURED FROM RECYCLED CLOTHING FIBERS AND PROCESS FOR MAKING SAME


1. An upcycled yarn comprising:a mixture of used clothes fibers and additional fibers, said mixture being free of bacteria, water, dyes, pesticides and chemicals, wherein said used clothes fibers are made from cut and torn used clothes.

US Pat. No. 11,066,760

OPEN-END SPINNING DEVICE


1. An open-end spinning device comprising a rotor housing which can be acted upon by negative pressure and a spinning rotor, the rotor housing is open towards the front and can be closed by a cover element, to the rear the rotor housing has a rear wall with a passage opening for a rotor shaft of the spinning rotor,characterised in that
at the largest outer diameter of the spinning rotor there is a narrow gap of less than 2 mm gap width between the spinning rotor and the rear wall of the rotor housing, and the rear wall of the rotor housing is designed in such a manner that the area behind the spinning rotor is covered inside the rotor housing,
and the rear wall of the rotor housing is at least partially formed by an exchangeable attachment which rests on a boundary wall of the rotor housing and the attachment extends to lateral boundary walls of the rotor housing.

US Pat. No. 11,066,759

PITCH-BASED ULTRAFINE CARBON FIBERS, METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME, NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY NEGATIVE ELECTRODE USING SAID PITCH-BASED ULTRAFINE CARBON FIBERS, AND NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY HAVING SAID NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE

TEIJIN LIMITED, Osaka (J...


1. A pitch-based ultrafine carbon fiber having an average fiber diameter of 100 nm or more and less than 700 nm, and an average fiber length of 10 ?m or more,wherein an abundance ratio (molar ratio) of C—O bonds and C?O bonds derived from an O1s orbital as measured by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is 1.1 or more and 3.0 or less.

US Pat. No. 11,066,758

RESIN POWDER HAVING PILLAR SHAPE AND SPECIFIC CIRCULARITY FOR SOLID FREEFORM FABRICATION, DEVICE FOR SOLID FREEFORM FABRICATION OBJECT, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SOLID FREEFORM FABRICATION OBJECT

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...


1. A resin powder for solid freeform fabrication comprising:a particle having a pillar-like form,
wherein a ratio of a height of the particle to a diameter or a long side of a bottom of the particle is 0.5 to 2.0,
wherein the particle has a 50 percent cumulative volume particle diameter of from 5 to 200 ?m,
wherein a ratio (Mv/Mn) of a volume average particle diameter (Mv) to a number average particle diameter (Mn) of the particle is 2.00 or less, and
wherein the resin powder has an average circularity of 0.83 or greater in a range in which the resin powder has a particle diameter of from 0.5 to 200 ?m.

US Pat. No. 11,066,757

DIAMOND SUBSTRATE AND FREESTANDING DIAMOND SUBSTRATE

Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., L...


1. A substrate comprising at least one surface composed of diamond,wherein the substrate is composed of a foundation and a diamond layer formed on a surface of the foundation, and contains a void on a boundary between the foundation and the diamond layer, and
wherein the surface of the foundation is composed of a different kind of material other than diamond.

US Pat. No. 11,066,756

CRYSTAL GROWTH APPARATUS, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SILICON CARBIDE SINGLE CRYSTAL, SILICON CARBIDE SINGLE CRYSTAL SUBSTRATE, AND SILICON CARBIDE EPITAXIAL SUBSTRATE

SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTR...


1. A silicon carbide single crystal substrate manufactured by a sublimation method, whereinthe silicon carbide single crystal substrate has a diameter of not less than 100 mm,
the silicon carbide single crystal substrate has an oxygen concentration of not more than 1×1017 cm?3,
the silicon carbide single crystal substrate has a dislocation density of not more than 2×104 cm?2, and
the silicon carbide single crystal substrate has a stacking fault area ratio of not more than 2.0%.

US Pat. No. 11,066,755

PLATING APPARATUS AND PLATING METHOD

EBARA CORPORATION, Tokyo...


1. A plating apparatus comprising:an anode holder configured to hold an anode;
a substrate holder configured to hold a polygonal substrate;
a plating bath configured to accommodate the anode holder and the substrate holder and immerse the anode and the substrate in a plating solution; and
a control device configured to control a current flowing between the anode and the substrate; wherein
the substrate holder has power feed members placed along respective sides of the polygonal substrate,
there are a plurality of groups of the sides, each group including at least one of the sides, at least one of the sides being different between the groups, and
the control device is configured to be capable of controlling a current to be supplied to the power feed members, on a group-by-group basis, during plating.

US Pat. No. 11,066,754

APPARATUS FOR ELECTROCHEMICALLY PROCESSING SEMICONDUCTOR SUBSTRATES

SPTS Technologies Limited...


1. An apparatus for processing a front face of a semiconductor wafer comprising:a main chamber;
at least one loading port connected to the main chamber for introducing the wafer to the main chamber;
at least one stack of wafer processing modules comprising three or more substantially vertically stacked wafer processing modules, wherein adjacent wafer processing modules in the stack have a vertical pitch of less than 50 cm, and each processing module is configured to process the wafer when disposed substantially horizontally therein on a platen assembly with the front face of the wafer facing upwards, and at least one wafer processing module is an electrochemical wafer processing module that includes an anode chamber disposed in an opening of a support plate that extends through the support plate from a first surface to an opposite second surface facing the platen assembly, wherein the anode chamber and the support plate are independently movable;
a tilting bracket for the processing module that is disposed on the support plate, wherein the processing module is configured to be tilted using the tilting bracket; and
a transfer mechanism for transferring the wafer between the loading port and the processing modules.

US Pat. No. 11,066,751

ION EXCHANGE MEMBRANE FOR ALKALI CHLORIDE ELECTROLYSIS, METHOD FOR ITS PRODUCTION AND ALKALI CHLORIDE ELECTROLYSIS APPARATUS

AGC Inc., Chiyoda-ku (JP...


1. An ion exchange membrane for alkali chloride electrolysis comprising a layer (C) made of a fluorinated polymer having carboxylic acid functional groups at the surface on a cathode side, and a layer (S) made of a fluorinated polymer having sulfonic acid functional groups at the surface on an anode side, characterized in that a reinforcing material comprising reinforcing threads is disposed in the layer (S) made of a fluorinated polymer having sulfonic acid functional groups,the thickness when dried, of the layer (C) made of a fluorinated polymer having carboxylic acid functional groups is from 9 to 28 ?m,
in the layer (S) made of a fluorinated polymer having sulfonic acid functional groups,
a layer (Sb) located on the anode side of the reinforcing material includes a layer made of a fluorinated polymer having sulfonic acid functional groups with an ion exchange capacity of from 1.3 to 2.5 meq/g dry resin, and has a thickness when dried, of from 6 to 100 ?m, and
a layer (Sa) located on the cathode side of the reinforcing material includes a layer made of a fluorinated polymer having sulfonic acid functional groups with an ion exchange capacity of from 0.9 to 1.25 meq/g dry resin, and has a thickness when dried, of from 40 to 110 ?m.

US Pat. No. 11,066,748

MICROWAVE PLASMA AND ULTRAVIOLET ASSISTED DEPOSITION APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MATERIAL DEPOSITION USING THE SAME

International Business Ma...


1. An apparatus for depositing a material on a substrate, the apparatus comprising:a processing chamber defining a processing space in which the substrate is arranged;
a remote excitation chamber that defines an excitation space, wherein the excitation space is provided remotely from the processing space,
a gas feed assembly configured to feed:a precursor gas into the processing space, and
a reactive gas into the excitation space,

a first excitation assembly comprising a first ultraviolet radiation assembly configured to emit ultraviolet radiation into the excitation space to excite the reactive gas, and a first microwave radiation assembly configured to emit microwave radiation into the excitation space to excite the reactive gas, wherein the first microwave assembly comprises a magnetron as a microwave power source, and a waveguide and a microwave horn antenna as elements of a microwave applicator,
a conduit communicating the excitation space and the processing space to facilitate diffusion of excited reactive gas from the excitation space to the processing space; and
a second excitation assembly comprising a second ultraviolet radiation assembly configured to emit ultraviolet radiation into the processing space, and a second microwave radiation assembly configured to emit microwave radiation into the processing space.

US Pat. No. 11,066,747

CHEMICAL DELIVERY CHAMBER FOR SELF-ASSEMBLED MONOLAYER PROCESSES

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...


1. A substrate processing apparatus, comprising:a chamber body defining a process volume;
a substrate support disposed within the process volume;
a showerhead disposed opposite the substrate support;
a lid plate coupled to the chamber body;
a backing plate disposed between the lid plate and the showerhead;
an injection assembly coupled to the lid plate opposite the backing plate, wherein the injection assembly is in fluid communication with the process volume via the backing plate and the showerhead;
a first vapor generation assembly in fluid communication with the injection assembly, wherein the first vapor generation assembly is an ampoule or a direct liquid injection vaporizer, wherein the first vapor generation assembly is configured to deliver a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) precursor to the process volume in a vapor state;
a first heated delivery conduit disposed between the first vapor generation assembly and the injection assembly;
a second vapor generation assembly in fluid communication with the injection assembly, wherein the second vapor generation assembly is an ampoule or a direct liquid injection vaporizer, wherein the second vapor generation assembly is configured to deliver a co-reactant to the process volume in a vapor state;
a second heated delivery conduit disposed between the second vapor generation assembly and the injection assembly;
a showerhead liner coupled to the showerhead opposite the substrate support, whereinthe showerhead liner is configured to reduce a volume of the process volume,
the material of the showerhead and the material of the showerhead liner comprising the same material,
the showerhead liner comprises a first annular portion having a first inner circumference and a first annular surface facing the showerhead, and a second annular portion having a second inner circumference which extends from the first annular portion in the direction away from the showerhead, and an inner circumferential surface which terminates at a second annular surface facing away from the first annular surface such that a gap is formed between the second annular surface and the outer surface of the substrate support when the substrate support is in the processing position, and an outer circumferential surface extending from the first annular surface to the second annular surface,
the showerhead liner, the substrate support and the portion of the showerhead facing the substrate support within the first inner circumference of the showerhead liner delimit the reduced processing volume when the substrate support is in a substrate processing position; and

a pumping liner disposed radially about the substrate support, and including a inwardly facing circumferential surface and wherein openings in the pumping liner extend through the pumping liner from the inwardly facing circumferential surface of the pumping liner and are in fluid communication with the reduced processing volume through a gap between the outer circumference of the substrate support and the second annular surface of the showerhead liner, and in fluid communication with a chamber exhaust, to define an gas exhaust flow path so that unused (SAM) precursor flows over the edges of the substrate support through the gap disposed between the second annular surface of the showerhead liner and a circumferential surface of the substrate support to the openings in the pumping liner, wherein
the outer circumferential surface of the showerhead liner, from the first annular portion to the second annular portion, faces the inwardly facing surface of the pumping liner.

US Pat. No. 11,066,746

LIQUID MATERIAL VAPORIZATION AND SUPPLY DEVICE, AND CONTROL PROGRAM

HORIBA STEC, Co., Ltd., ...


1. A liquid material vaporization and supply device comprising:a first tank in which a liquid material is vaporized to produce material gas;
a second tank that is connected to the first tank and in which the material gas produced in the first tank is contained at a predetermined pressure;
a pressure sensor that senses pressure inside the second tank;
a lead-out path for leading the material gas out of the second tank;
a fluid control valve that is provided in the lead-out path to open/close the lead-out path; and
a flow rate control part that, when the material gas contained in the second tank at the predetermined pressure is led out through the lead-out path, on a basis of a reduction in the sensed pressure sensed by the pressure sensor, controls an opening level of the fluid control valve to control a flow rate of the material gas led out through the lead-out path.

US Pat. No. 11,066,744

SUBSTRATE PROCESSING APPARATUS, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

KOKUSAI ELECTRIC CORPORAT...


1. A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device, comprising:forming an oxynitride film on each of a plurality of substrates by performing a cycle a predetermined number of times, the cycle including non-simultaneously performing:
(a) supplying a precursor from a precursor supply part to the plurality of substrates;
(b) supplying an oxidizing agent from an oxidizing agent supply part to the plurality of substrates; and
(c) supplying a nitriding agent from a nitriding agent supply part to the plurality of substrates,
wherein in (b), inert gas is supplied from a plurality of inert gas supply parts, which is different from the oxidizing agent supply part, to the plurality of substrates, and at least one of nitrogen concentration and refractive index of the oxynitride film formed on each of the plurality of substrates is adjusted by controlling a flow rate of the inert gas,
wherein the act of forming the oxynitride film is performed in a state in which the plurality of substrates is arranged in a substrate arrangement region that is divided into a plurality of zones in a vertical direction, and
wherein in (b), the inert gas is supplied from the plurality of inert gas supply parts to the plurality of zones, respectively, and flow rates of the inert gas supplied from the plurality of inert gas supply parts are controlled individually.

US Pat. No. 11,066,743

SELECTIVE ATOMIC LAYER DEPOSITION OF RUTHENIUM

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...


1. A selective deposition method comprising:exposing a substrate comprising a conductive material having a first surface and an insulating material having a second surface to a ruthenium precursor; and
exposing the substrate to a reactant comprising one or more of O2, H2 or H2O, wherein the substrate is maintained at a predetermined temperature, when the predetermined temperature is greater than or equal to about 250° C. ruthenium selectively deposits on the first surface over the second surface, when the predetermined temperature is less than or equal to about 200° C. ruthenium selectively deposits on the second surface over the first surface, and ruthenium is deposited with a selectivity greater than or equal to 5:1.

US Pat. No. 11,066,742

VAPOR DEPOSITION MASK

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...


1. A vapor deposition mask configured to be used to vapor-deposit a vapor-deposition layer on each of pixels of a vapor target substrate provided with a plurality of active regions on which the pixels contributing to displaying are arranged, the vapor deposition mask comprising:a mask sheet provided with a valid portion extending across the plurality of active regions and including a plurality of vapor deposition holes formed to be arranged; and
a plurality of hauling sheets configured to support the mask sheet,
wherein the valid portion includes a first region and a second region,
the first region has a shape corresponding to a shape of each of the plurality of active regions, and is provided for each of the plurality of active regions,
the second region defines a shape of the first region, and overlaps with the plurality of hauling sheets to cause a portion of the plurality of vapor deposition holes to be covered, and
a region of the valid portion between hauling sheets located at both ends has a constant width,
the mask sheet includes a region having a width gradually increasing outward in a region outside of the region of the valid portion having a constant width, and
the region having the width gradually increasing outward overlaps with the plurality of hauling sheets.

US Pat. No. 11,066,741

FILM FORMATION METHOD FOR MULTILAYER FILM

NITTO DENKO CORPORATION, ...


1. A film formation method for a multilayer film, comprising:a step of setting a target thickness value of each layer of the multilayer film;
a step of obtaining a first theoretical optical value of an optical characteristic when the thickness of each layer is the target thickness value;
a step of measuring an actually measured optical value of an optical characteristic of a formed multilayer film;
a step of setting the target thickness value as a first estimated thickness value of a thickness of each of the formed layers;
a step of obtaining a first optical value difference between the actually measured optical value and the first theoretical optical value, and comparing the first optical value difference with a preset convergence condition to determine whether the first optical value difference satisfies the preset convergence condition;
when the first optical value difference is determined to satisfy the preset convergence condition, a step of setting the first estimated thickness value of each layer is set as a most probable estimated thickness value of each of the formed layers,
when the first optical value difference is determined to not satisfy the preset convergence condition, a step of setting a second estimated thickness value of the thickness of each layer expected to obtain an optical value difference smaller than the first optical value difference;
a step of obtaining a second theoretical optical value of an optical characteristic when the thickness of each layer is the second estimated thickness value;
a step of obtaining a second optical value difference between the actually measured optical value and the second theoretical optical value, and comparing the second optical value difference with the preset convergence condition to determine whether the second optical value difference satisfies the preset convergence condition; and
repeating each of the steps until an estimated thickness value of each layer is obtained in which a difference between the actually measured optical value and the theoretical optical value at each step satisfies the preset convergence condition,
the estimated thickness value of each layer satisfying the preset convergence condition being set as a most probable estimated thickness value of each of the formed layers.

US Pat. No. 11,066,740

FABRICATION OF INTEGRATED COMPUTATIONAL ELEMENTS USING CYLINDRICAL SUBSTRATE SUPPORT SHAPED TO MATCH A CROSS-SECTION OF A SPATIAL PROFILE OF A DEPOSITION PLUME

Halliburton Energy Servic...


1. A system comprising:a computational system to receive a design of an integrated computational element (ICE), the ICE design comprising specification of a substrate and a plurality of layers, their respective target thicknesses and complex refractive indices, such that a ICE fabricated in accordance with the ICE design is related to a characteristic of a sample of wellbore fluids; and
a deposition chamber comprising:a deposition source to provide a deposition plume, the deposition plume having an azimuthal axis and a plume spatial profile in a particular cross-section that includes the azimuthal axis, and
a substrate support having a curved to support a plurality of instances of the substrate during fabrication of a plurality of instances of the ICE, wherein the curved surface of the substrate support:is spaced apart from the deposition source by a source distance, and
has a spatial profile that corresponds, at the source distance, to the particular cross-section of the plume spatial profile,
such that, when the substrate support is rotated about the azimuthal axis of the substrate support, thicknesses of instances of each of the deposited layers are substantially uniform across the plurality of instances of the ICE.



US Pat. No. 11,066,739

SPUTTERING TARGET, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SPUTTERING TARGET, AND METHOD FOR FORMING THIN FILM

Semiconductor Energy Labo...


1. A transistor comprising:a gate electrode; and
an oxide semiconductor layer comprising a region overlapping with the gate electrode with a gate insulating film interposed therebetween,
wherein the oxide semiconductor layer comprises an In—Zn—O compound with an atomic ratio of In/Zn=1.5 to 15,
wherein the oxide semiconductor layer comprises a crystal region in which a c-axis is aligned in a range from 85° to 95° with respect to a top surface of the oxide semiconductor layer, and
wherein no grain boundary is found in the crystal region.

US Pat. No. 11,066,738

MASK PLATES AND DISPLAY PANELS

KUNSHAN GO-VISIONOX OPTO-...


1. A mask plate for fabricating a display panel, comprising:a first surface;
a second surface opposite to the first surface;
a plurality of through holes being spatially separated, the plurality of through holes including a first through hole having a first opening formed on the first surface and a second opening formed on the second surface, an area of the second opening being larger than an area of the first opening, the second openings being arranged in parallel in a first predetermined direction, the first predetermined direction having a predetermined angle with respect to a horizontal direction or a vertical direction of the mask plate, the horizontal direction being referred to as an x direction, the vertical direction being referred to as a y direction, the predetermined angle excluding 90°;
a first connecting bridge provided between the first openings, and configured to support the first surface;
a second connecting bridge provided between the second openings, and configured to support the second surface;
wherein an area of the second connecting bridge is smaller than an area of the first connecting bridge; and
wherein the predetermined angle is configured to increase the area of the second connecting bridge for strengthening the mask plate.

US Pat. No. 11,066,737

FRAME COMPONENT

Ordos Yuansheng Optoelect...


1. A frame component, comprising:a frame with a positioning slot in an inner edge thereof;
a fabrication strip with grooves; and
a plurality of support pieces;
wherein:
the fabrication strip is detachably arranged in the positioning slot;
the plurality of support pieces are fixed in the grooves to form a support plane for supporting a mask;
a depth of each of the grooves is not less than the thickness of each of the plurality of support pieces;
the fabrication strip is arranged to form a welding plane for welding the mask; and
the fabrication strip comprises a plurality of fabrication sheets adhered into the positioning slot, and an interval between every two adjacent fabrication sheets of the plurality of fabrication sheets constitutes one of the grooves.

US Pat. No. 11,066,736

VAPOR DEPOSITION DEVICE AND VAPOR DEPOSITION METHOD

SHANGHAI TIANMA MICRO-ELE...


1. A vapor deposition device, comprising an adjustable magnet array and a mask, whereinthe adjustable magnet array comprises m magnet blocks, where m is a positive integer greater than or equal to 1, wherein at least one of the m magnet blocks is rotatable to adjust a magnetization direction of the at least one of the m magnet blocks to generate a magnetic force on the mask, wherein the magnetic force has a component force Fx in a first direction and a component force Fz in a third direction, wherein the component force Fx is for removing wrinkles extending in a second direction on the mask and flattening a surface of the mask, and the component force Fz is for offsetting a gravity of the mask,
wherein two ends of the mask in the second direction are fixed on a mask frame, the mask is stretched in the second direction, and the second direction is perpendicular to the first direction,
wherein the m magnet blocks are arranged along the first direction, and a rotation axis of each of the at least one of the m magnet blocks extends in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 11,066,735

METAL CARBURIZATION PROCESS TO PRODUCE A UNIFORM, CONCENTRATED SOLID SOLUTION OF INTERSTITIAL CARBON WORKPIECE AND ARTICLES MADE FROM SAME

CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIV...


1. A process of treating austenitic steel by forming a concentrated solid solution of interstitial carbon throughout the austenitic steel and without any underlying substrate layer so as to improve observed tensile strength, yield strength, and Young's modulus of the treated austenitic steel, the process comprising:providing an original workpiece formed from austenitic steel having a defined thickness,
activating a surface of the workpiece with an acid-based treatment at an elevated temperature for a selected period of time;
after the activating step, carburizing the workpiece at a temperature of less than 550° C. for a selected period of time to produce a treated workpiece; and
wherein at least one of: the thickness of the workpiece, the acid based-treatment, the elevated temperature for the activating step, the selected period of time for the activating step, the elevated temperature for the carburizing step, and the selected period of time for the carburizing step are selected to ensure any underlying substrate layer is eliminated from the workpiece and wherein the treated workpiece has increased tensile strength, increased yield strength, and larger Young modulus in comparison to the austenitic steel of the original workpiece.

US Pat. No. 11,066,733

CALCIUM-BASED METALLIC GLASS ALLOY MOLDED BODY FOR MEDICAL USE AND PRODUCTION METHOD THEREOF

TOHOKU UNIVERSITY, Senda...


1. A calcium-based metallic glass alloy molded body for medical use, whereinthe molded body is a single, homogenous molded body consisting of a calcium-based metallic glass alloy and Fe crystal grains,
the calcium-based metallic glass alloy includes calcium, magnesium and zinc as a calcium-based ternary metallic glass alloy material,
a composition of the calcium in the calcium-based metallic glass alloy is 40 at. % or more and 70 at. % or less, a composition of the magnesium is 30 at. % or less, and a composition of the zinc is 35 at. % or less, and
the single, homogenous molded body having a thickness of 15 mm or more from all parts of any surface of the single, homogenous molded body,
wherein the single, homogenous molded body comprises metallic glass properties in a pre-sintered state and a post-sintered state of the calcium-based metallic glass alloy and Fe crystal grains,
wherein the Fe of the single, homogenous molded body has a purity of 99% or more.

US Pat. No. 11,066,732

ULTRA-HIGH STRENGTH STEEL WITH EXCELLENT TOUGHNESS

TimkenSteel Corporation, ...


1. An alloy steel consisting of, by weight:0.24% to 0.32% carbon;
1.0% manganese or less;
0.45% silicon or less;
1.60% to 1.85% chromium;
2.5% to 3.1% nickel;
0.40% to 0.65% molybdenum;
0.025% to 0.05% vanadium; and
0.01% niobium or less,
the balance being iron and unavoidable impurities,
wherein the room temperature, longitudinal Charpy impact energy toughness is 35 ft.-lbs. or more.

US Pat. No. 11,066,731

ELECTRIC CONTACT AND VACUUM INTERRUPTER USING SAME

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...


1. An electric contact comprising:a base material in which higher than 0 at % and not higher than 10 at % of Mn is solid-dissolved with respect to 100 at % of Cu;
high-melting-point substance particles which are dispersed in the base material and which particles of a metal or particles of a carbide of the metal; and
an intermetallic compound containing X atoms and dispersed in the base material, wherein X is Te or Se,
wherein the metal is at least one metal selected from among W, Ta, Cr, Mo, Nb, Ti, and V,
wherein a Vickers hardness of the high-melting-point substance particles is not lower than 0 HV and not higher than 200 HV, and a particle diameter of the high-melting-point substance particles is not smaller than 0.1 ?m and not larger than 100 ?m, or
wherein the Vickers hardness of the high-melting-point substance particles is not lower than 200 HV, and the particle diameter is not smaller than 0.1 ?m and not larger than 10 ?m, and
wherein a mass of the high-melting-point substance particles is not lower than 20 mass % and not higher than 80 mass %, a total mass of the electrical contact being defined as 100 mass %,
wherein a mass of the X atoms is not lower than 1.5 mass % and not higher than 15 mass %, and a remainder is the base material,
wherein the intermetallic compound contains a MnX compound, and a compound of a Mn—Cu solid-phase solution and X, and
wherein an atomic weight ratio Mn/(Mn+X) is not lower than 20 at % and not higher than 80 at %.

US Pat. No. 11,066,730

ALLOY MATERIAL IN WHICH ARE DISPERSED OXYGEN ATOMS AND A METAL ELEMENT OF OXIDE-PARTICLES, AND PRODUCTION METHOD FOR SAME

Industry-Academic Coopera...


1. A cast alloy material having a composition of magnesium (Mg), aluminum (Al), and additional metal atoms and oxygen atoms, both of the additional metal atoms and the oxygen atoms being atoms decomposed from the same material in form of oxide nanoparticles having a nanometer scale size, the oxide nanoparticles being transition metal oxide nanoparticles, the additional metal atoms including titanium (Ti), the cast alloy material comprising:a matrix metal comprising Mg—Al alloy containing composition Mg 80% or more; and
an oxide layer which is formed on a surface of the matrix metal,
wherein the additional oxygen atoms do not form an oxide with the Mg of the matrix metal and are dispersed in the matrix metal, and the additional oxygen atoms exist in a quasi-equilibrium state in the matrix metal,
wherein the additional metal atoms have a positive (+) heat of mixing with respect to the Mg and a negative (?) heat of mixing with respect with the Al and are distributed around the Al of the matrix metal,
wherein the oxide nanoparticles comprise Ti oxides,
wherein the cast alloy material has intermetallic phases having a band or network structure and the intermetallic phases include the magnesium (Mg), the aluminum (Al), the additional metal atoms and the oxygen atoms, thereby improving mechanical characteristics and corrosion characteristics of the cast alloy material,
wherein the cast alloy material has hardness greater than 100 Hv and lower than 110 Hv.

US Pat. No. 11,066,729

HIGH-ELASTICITY ALUMINUM ALLOY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...


1. A method of manufacturing an aluminum alloy, comprising steps of:charging pure aluminum and an Al-5B master alloy in a melting furnace to form a first molten metal;
charging an Al-10Ti master alloy in the first molten metal to form a second molten metal;
charging silicon (Si) element in the second molten metal to form a third molten metal;
adding carbon (C) to the third molten metal to form a fourth molten metal; and
tapping the fourth molten metal into a mold to cast the fourth molten metal,
wherein the aluminum alloy comprises titanium (Ti) in an amount of about 4 to 6 wt %; boron (B) in an amount of about 0.5 to 1.5 wt %; silicon (Si) in an amount of about 10 to 12 w %; carbon (C) in an amount of about 0.3 to about 0.5 wt %; a balance of aluminum; and inevitable impurities,
wherein the aluminum alloy includes carbide in an internal tissue thereof,
wherein the aluminum alloy includes Al3Ti less than the carbide on a basis of weight %.

US Pat. No. 11,066,727

TITANIUM COMPOSITE MATERIAL AND TITANIUM MATERIAL FOR HOT WORKING

NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION,...


1. A titanium composite material comprising:a first surface layer portion;
an inner layer portion; and
a second surface layer portion;
wherein:
the first surface layer portion and the second surface layer portion consist of a titanium alloy;
the inner layer portion consists of a commercially pure titanium including pores;
a thickness of at least one of the first surface layer portion and the second surface layer portion is 2 ?m or more, and a proportion of the thickness with respect to an overall thickness of the titanium composite material is 40% or less; and
a porosity in a cross section perpendicular to a sheet thickness direction is more than 0% and 2.1% or less.

US Pat. No. 11,066,726

PROCESS FOR IMPROVING THE GRADE AND OPTICAL QUALITY OF ZIRCONS

ILUKA Resources Limited, ...


1. A process for improving the grade and optical quality of zircon, comprising:baking a mixture of a zircon feed and concentrated sulphuric acid at a baking temperature in the range of from 250° C. up to 330° C., and for a time to form water leachable sulphates with impurities therein including at least iron and titanium;
leaching the baked mixture to dissolve the leachable sulphates; and
separating the zircon from the leachate containing the leached sulphates, which separated zircon is thereby of improved grade and optical quality.

US Pat. No. 11,066,725

CYCLONE UNDERFLOW SCAVENGERING PROCESS USING ENHANCED MINERAL SEPARATION CIRCUITS (EMSC)

CIDRA CORPORATE SERVICES ...


1. A system for processing a circulating load in a comminution circuit of a mineral separation process for separating mineral particles of interest from an ore, comprising:a coarse screen configured to receive a cyclone underflow having mineral particles of interest and forming part of the circulating load of the comminution circuit, and provide undersize coarse screen feeds and oversize coarse screen feeds for further processing;
an enhanced mineral separation circuit having a collection processor configured to receive one of the undersize coarse screen feeds, and at least one collection apparatus located in the collection processor, the at least one collection apparatus having a collection surface configured with a functionalized polymer comprising a plurality of molecules having a functional group configured to attract the mineral particles of interest to the collection surface, and provide enhanced mineral separation circuit feeds for further processing in the system; and
a ball mill configured to receive the oversize coarse screen feeds for further processing.

US Pat. No. 11,066,724

METHOD FOR SEPARATING METAL COMPONENTS

SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTR...


1. A method for separating metal components derived from metal elements, from a treatment material containing a silicate and the metal elements, the method comprising:a reaction step of reacting the treatment material and a molten alkali hydroxide in which bubbles due to water vapor derived from water are generated by heating a hydroxide of an alkali metal or an alkaline-earth metal and the water in a state where the hydroxide of the alkali metal or the alkaline-earth metal and the water coexist, to obtain a reaction product; and
a first precipitation step of dissolving the reaction product of the treatment material and the molten alkali hydroxide after the reaction step in water to generate a precipitate containing the metal elements in an obtained solution,
wherein the hydroxide of the alkali metal or the alkaline-earth metal and the water are heated at a heating rate of 7° C./min or higher in the reaction step.

US Pat. No. 11,066,723

SYSTEMS AND METHODS TO CHEMICALLY TREAT METAL-BEARING WASTE STREAMS TO RECOVER VALUE-ADDED MATERIALS

Elixsys, Inc., Bainbridg...


1. A method for processing a metal-bearing waste stream, the method comprising:loading a powder feedstock into a first reactor, wherein the powder feedstock comprises at least one of a metal-bearing component and a sulfur bearing component;
configure a processor to operate a processing sequence comprising at least one of a dissolution process and a precipitation process in one or more reactors, including the steps of:using a first dissolution process, wherein the first dissolution process comprises using a leach process performed by at least one of contacting, passing, and percolating an acid through the powder feedstock and collecting a leachate formed in a second reactor,
responsive to collecting the leachate, use a sequential selective precipitation process at a predetermined pH to sequentially precipitate components, wherein a first predetermined pH is used to precipitate a first component from the leachate,
responsive to precipitating the first component, separate by filtration the first component, and collect the first filtrate in at least one of the second reactor and a third reactor,
responsive to collecting the first filtrate, use a base component to adjust the first filtrate to a second predetermined pH,
using the sequential precipitation process at the second predetermined pH, precipitate a second component, separate by filtration the second component and generate a second filtrate, and
using the sequential precipitation process to separate additional components based on the predetermined pHs of the component of interest.


US Pat. No. 11,066,722

METHOD OF PRODUCING GRAIN-ORIENTED ELECTRICAL STEEL SHEET

JFE STEEL CORPORATION, T...


1. A method of producing a grain-oriented electrical steel sheet, comprising:heating a steel slab at 1300° C. or less, the steel slab having a chemical composition containingC: 0.002 mass % or more and 0.100 mass % or less,
Si: 2.00 mass % or more and 6.50 mass % or less,
Mn: 0.02 mass % or more and 1.00 mass % or less,
S: 50 mass ppm or less,
N: 50 mass ppm or less,
Se: 50 mass ppm or less,
acid-soluble Al: less than 100 mass ppm, and
a balance being Fe and inevitable impurities;

subjecting the steel slab to hot rolling, to obtain a hot rolled steel sheet;
subjecting the hot rolled steel sheet to hot band annealing;
subjecting the hot rolled steel sheet after the hot band annealing to cold rolling once, or twice or more with intermediate annealing performed therebetween, to obtain a cold rolled steel sheet having a final sheet thickness;
subjecting the cold rolled steel sheet to primary recrystallization annealing; and
applying an annealing separator to a surface of the cold rolled steel sheet after the primary recrystallization annealing, and thereafter subjecting the cold rolled steel sheet to secondary recrystallization annealing,
wherein in the hot band annealing, an average heating rate from an ambient temperature to 400° C. is set to 50° C./s or more, and a time to reach 900° C. from 400° C. is set to 100 sec or less.

US Pat. No. 11,066,720

HOT-ROLLED STEEL SHEET AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF COLD-ROLLED STEEL SHEET

NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION,...


1. A hot-rolled steel sheet, comprising:C: 0.05 mass % to 0.45 mass %;
Si: 0.5 mass % to 3.0 mass %;
Mn: 0.50 mass % to 3.60 mass %;
P: 0.030 mass % or less;
S: 0.010 mass % or less;
Al: 0 mass % to 1.5 mass %;
N: 0.010 mass % or less;
O: 0.010 mass % or less;
Ti: 0 mass % to 0.150 mass %;
Nb: 0 mass % to 0.150 mass %;
V: 0 mass % to 0.150 mass %;
B: 0 mass % to 0.010 mass %;
Mo: 0 mass % to 1.00 mass %;
W: 0 mass % to 1.00 mass %;
Cr: 0 mass % to 2.00 mass %;
Ni: 0 mass % to 2.00 mass %;
Cu: 0 mass % to 2.00 mass %;
a total of one kind or two kinds or more selected from a group consisting of Ca, Ce, Zr, Hf, and REM: 0 mass % to 0.500 mass %; and
the balance: iron and impurities, wherein:
a Si/Mn ratio of steel material components of a base material of the steel sheet is not less than 0.27 nor more than 0.90 in mass ratio;
an internal oxide layer having a thickness of not less than 1 um nor more than 30 um is provided right below an oxide scale of a steel sheet surface layer portion; and
an internal oxide in a crystal grain existing in a region of greater than 0% and 30% or less of a thickness of the internal oxide layer from an interface between the internal oxide layer and base iron toward the surface layer oxide scale:contains Si and has a thickness of not less than 10 mu nor more than 200 nm; and
forms a net-like structure in which one or more branches of the internal oxide exist in any 1 ?m×1 ?m square region of a cross section and an internal oxide at any crystal grain boundary with a length of 1 ?m is connected to one or more of the internal oxides, and
wherein the net-like structure is formed in a manner that e internal oxides are dispersed in substantially the entire area in the crystal grain.


US Pat. No. 11,066,719

DUPLEX STAINLESS STEEL AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING DUPLEX STAINLESS STEEL

Nippon Steel Corporation,...


1. A seamless steel pipe made of a duplex stainless steel having a chemical composition of, in mass %:up to 0.03% C;
0.1 to 0.8% Si;
up to 1.9% Mn;
up to 0.040% P;
up to 0.010% S;
0.005 to 0.040% sol. Al;
4.21 to 7% Ni;
20 to 28% Cr;
0.5 to 2.0% Mo;
more than 2.0% and not more than 4.0% Cu;
0.02 to 0.5% Co;
0.1 to 0.35% N;
up to 0.010% O;
0 to 1.5% V;
0 to 0.02% Ca;
0 to 0.02% Mg;
0 to 0.02% B;
0 to 0.2% REM; and
the balance being Fe and impurities,
the duplex stainless steel having a microstructure including an austenite phase and a ferrite phase,
the ferrite phase having an area percentage of 30 to 60%,
the duplex stainless steel satisfying the following Formula, (1):0.70×NiL?NiH??(1),

where NiH and NiL are obtained by the following steps:
(a) measuring Ni content for each of 250,000 points arranged grid-wise on a specimen of the duplex stainless steel and separated by 0.6 ?m in an area of 300×300 ?m2 using an electron-beam microanalyzer;
(b) creating a histogram showing a frequency distribution of the Ni contents measured for the 250,000 points with a class width of 0.05% by mass; and
(c) determining a first maximal value of frequency and a second maximal value of frequency appearing in the histogram, the first maximal value having a higher Ni content and the second maximal value having a lower Ni content, and defining the first maximal value as NiH and a second maximal value as NiL,
wherein the following Formula, (2), is satisfied:{1?(AE?60/AE?20)}×100?8??(2),

where AE?60 and AE?20 indicate values of absorbed energy of the steel at 60° C. and ?20° C., respectively, and
a shear fracture percentage of the steel at ?20° C. is 100%.

US Pat. No. 11,066,718

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING STAINLESS PIPE FOR OIL WELLS AND STAINLESS STEEL PIPE FOR OIL WELLS

NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION,...


1. A stainless steel pipe for oil wells having a chemical composition of, in mass %:up to 0.05% C;
up to 1.0% Si;
0.01 to 1.0% Mn;
up to 0.05% P;
below 0.002% S;
0.001 to 0.1% Al;
16.0 to 18.0% Cr;
3.0 to 5.5% Ni;
1.8 to 3.0% Mo;
1.0 to 3.5% Cu;
up to 0.05% N;
up to 0.05% O;
0 to 0.3% Ti;
0 to 0.3% Nb;
0 to 0.3% V;
0 to 2.0% W;
0 to 0.01% Ca;
0 to 0.01% B; and
the balance Fe and impurities,
wherein the steel has a metal structure having:
an average retained-austenite ratio, V?AVE, of 2.5 to 15% in volume fraction and a standard deviation of retained-austenite ratio, ?(?), of 1.0 or below;
a volume fraction of ferrite phase of not lower than 10% and lower than 60%; and
a volume fraction of martensite of not lower than 40%;
wherein V?AVE and ?(?) are calculated as:V?AVE=(V?I+V?M+V?O)/3
?(?)=((V?I?V?AVE)2+(V?M?V?AVE)2+(V?O?V?AVE)2)/2)1/2

wherein
V?I is a volume fraction of retained austenite on an inner surface of the steel pipe,
V?M is a volume fraction of retained austenite in a middle section as determined along a wall thickness of the steel pipe, and
V?O is a volume fraction of retained austenite on an outer surface of the steel pipe.

US Pat. No. 11,066,717

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING GRAIN-ORIENTED ELECTRICAL STEEL SHEET

POSCO, Pohang-si (KR)


1. A manufacturing method of an oriented electrical steel sheet, comprising:a step of manufacturing a steel slab including one kind or more among Si at 2 to 7%, Sn at 0.03 to 0.10%, and Sb at 0.01 to 0.05% as wt %;
a step of hot-rolling the steel slab to manufacture a hot rolled sheet;
a step of cold-rolling the hot rolled sheet to manufacture a cold rolled sheet;
a step of decarburizing and nitriding the cold rolled sheet for primary recrystallization annealing;
a step of coating and drying an annealing separating agent on the primary recrystallization-annealed cold rolled sheet; and
a step of secondary recrystallization-annealing the cold rolled sheet coated with the annealing separating agent,
wherein the primary recrystallization annealing is performed by passing through a heating zone, a primary soaking zone, and a secondary soaking zone, and satisfies Equation 1, Equation 2 and Equation 3 below when each dew point is t1, t2, and t3, the annealing separating agent includes a magnesium oxide or a magnesium hydroxide, and a metal iodide, and a forsterite (Mg2SiO4) film is removed in the step of the secondary recrystallization annealing:50° C.?t1 t2?t1?4° C.??(2)
t3?t2?4° C.??(3).


US Pat. No. 11,066,715

DEHYDROGENATION PROCESSING METHOD FOR TURBINE BLADES

MITSUBISHI POWER, LTD., ...


1. A dehydrogenation processing method for a turbine blade of a steam turbine, the method comprising:a step of heating the turbine blade by supplying heating steam into a casing of the steam turbine after a steam turbine plant is stopped,
wherein the heating steam has a higher temperature than steam passing through the turbine blade during operation of the steam turbine plant, and
repeating the process of supplying the heating steam into the casing of the steam turbine, wherein the process of supplying the heating steam into the casing is repeated multiple times.

US Pat. No. 11,066,714

BATCH FURNACE FOR ANNEALING MATERIAL AND METHOD FOR HEAT TREATMENT

GAUTSCHI ENGINEERING GMBH...


1. A batch furnace for annealing a furnace material, the batch furnace comprising:a furnace housing comprising a closable charging opening;
a transfer assembly for convective heat transfer onto the furnace material by a heat transfer medium, the transfer assembly comprisinga first fan and a second fan, each fan disposed within the furnace housing, each fan comprising an intake side and a pressure side, a first heating device associated with the second fan, wherein each heating device is for heating the heat transfer medium and each heating device is arranged directly in front of the intake side of the respective fan; and

a receiving chamber for receiving the furnace material,
wherein, the receiving chamber is disposed on the pressure side of the first fan and the pressure side of the second fan for directily receiving the heat transfer medium from each fan,
wherein the receiving chamber directly adjoins the pressure side of the first fan and the pressure side of the second fan;
wherein the furnace housing comprises a first face-side wall element and a second face-side wall element, the first face-side wall element and the second face-side wall element for opening and closing the receiving chamber, each face-side wall element axially displaceable in a longitudinal direction of the furnace housing; and
wherein a first assembly comprises the first face-side wall element, the first fan, and the first heating device;
wherein the first face-side wall element is connected to the first fan and to the first heating device;
wherein a second assembly comprises the second face-side wall element, the second fan, and the second heating device;
wherein the second face-side wall element is connected to the seond fan and to the second heating device, and
wherein the two assemblies displace axially.

US Pat. No. 11,066,713

METHOD OF OPERATING A TOP SUBMERGED LANCE FURNACE

Tenova South Africa (Pty)...


1. A method of operating a top submerged lance furnace, the method including the steps of:providing a lance having an internal flow passage provided therethrough, with an end of the lance located inside a crucible of a top submerged lance furnace;
causing the lance to rotate at a speed of between 0.5 and 6 rpm;
passing a fluid through the lance in order for the fluid to be discharged from the end of the lance;
displacing the lance to a preparatory position in which the end of the lance is located above an upper surface of a molten material bath in order for the fluid being discharged from the end of the lance to impinge on the upper surface of the molten material bath, thereby causing at least some operatively upwardly splashing of molten material;
holding the lance in the preparatory position in order for splashes of the molten material to be deposited onto an outer wall of the lance during the rotation; and
submerging the end of the lance into the molten material bath inside the crucible.

US Pat. No. 11,066,705

CHARACTERIZATION OF ADAPTIVE IMMUNE RESPONSE TO VACCINATION OR INFECTION USING IMMUNE REPERTOIRE SEQUENCING

Adaptive Biotechnologies ...


1. A method of measuring T cell response to a vaccine in a subject, comprising:performing high-throughput sequencing of nucleic acid molecules comprising rearranged CDR3 regions of TCR loci obtained from a first biological sample of the subject at a first time point post vaccination, wherein the first biological sample is obtained at least 10 days post vaccination;
sorting activated T cells from a subset of the first biological sample using flow cytometry to generate a set of activated T cells;
performing high-throughput sequencing of nucleic acid molecules comprising rearranged CDR3 regions of TCR loci obtained from the set of activated T cells; and
identifying activated T cell clones in the set having CDR3 regions of significantly higher proportional abundance in the activated T cell population in comparison to the first biological sample, thereby identifying vaccine-induced responsive clones.

US Pat. No. 11,066,702

OPTICALLY-BASED NANOPORE ANALYSIS WITH REDUCED BACKGROUND

Quantapore, Inc., South ...


1. A method of determining sequences of polynucleotides, the method comprising:providing a nanopore array comprising (a) a first side and a second side, (b) a solid phase membrane and an opaque layer co-extensive therewith, and (c) a plurality of apertures, the solid phase membrane separating a first chamber on the first side of the nanopore array and a second chamber on the second side of the nanopore array, wherein each aperture provides fluid communication between the first chamber and the second chamber and has a signal generation region and wherein the opaque layer substantially prevents light from passing through the nanopore array;
translocating polynucleotides from the first chamber to the second chamber through the apertures, wherein
(i) each polynucleotide comprises a polynucleotide strand in which different kinds of nucleotides of the polynucleotide strand are labeled with different fluorescent labels that generate distinguishable fluorescent signals,
(ii) each of said apertures constrains nucleotides of each said polynucleotide strand to move single file through the signal generation region of each aperture; and
(iii) the fluorescent labels of each polynucleotide strand are mutually self-quenching, such that fluorescent signals from excited mutually self-quenching labels are quenched when the labels are outside of the signal generation region;
exciting with an excitation beam the fluorescent labels of the polynucleotide strands as they translocate through the signal generation regions of the apertures, wherein the excitation beam is directed to said nanopore array through said second chamber so that said metal layer substantially prevents excitation of optical labels in said first chamber;
detecting fluorescent signals from the fluorescent labels in the signal generation regions to determine the characteristics of the polynucleotide strands; and
determining a sequence of nucleotides of the polynucleotide strands from the fluorescent signals detected at the signal generation region of each aperture.

US Pat. No. 11,066,701

SUPER-RESOLUTION SEQUENCING


1. A method for template-directed sequencing-by-synthesis of an array of target polynucleotides, the method comprising:(a) providing an array of target polynucleotides in a fluidic vessel;
(b) contacting the array of polynucleotides with a solution comprising (i) polymerization complex and (ii) reversibly terminating and differently labeled A,C,G, and T/U nucleotides;
(c) incorporating one of the differently labeled nucleotides, using the polymerization complex, into a chain complementary to at least one of the array of polynucleotides;
(d) binding imaging tags to the differently labeled nucleotides of step (c);
(e) imaging by single molecule localization and/or stochastic optical reconstruction and storing the identity and position of the imaging tags of step (d);
(f) reversing termination (b)-(e);
(g) repeating steps (b)-(e) and assembling a sequence for each of the array of target polynucleotides from the stored identity and position of the imaging tags, optionally as a homogeneous or one pot reaction.

US Pat. No. 11,066,697

COLORIMETRIC AND MULTIPLEXED ISOTHERMAL RNA-BASED ASSAY FOR SARS-COV-2 AND OTHER VIRAL DIAGNOSTICS AND CELL ANALYSIS

Northeastern University, ...


1. A method of determining a presence, absence, or amount of a target nucleic acid molecule in a sample, the method comprising the steps of:(a) providing (i) the target nucleic acid molecule, which comprises at least one target sequence, (ii) an RCA initiation primer, (iii) five or more padlock probes; and (iv) nucleic acid ligase and polymerase enzymes;wherein, each padlock probe comprises (1) a target binding sequence consisting of a pair of sequences complementary to adjacent portions of one of said target sequence, the pair forming termini of the padlock probe; (2) a primer binding sequence that is complementary to a padlock binding sequence of the RCA initiation primer; and (3) a detection sequence comprising a G-quadruplex DNAzyme;
wherein the RCA initiation primer comprises said padlock binding sequence;

(b) hybridizing the padlock probe with the target sequence and ligating the termini of the padlock probe using the ligase to form a circular single-stranded nucleic acid molecule;
(c) hybridizing the circular single-stranded nucleic acid molecule to the RCA initiation primer;
(d) extending the RCA initiation primer using the polymerase and the hybridized circular single-stranded nucleic acid molecule to form a single-stranded nucleic acid product comprising a plurality of detection sequence copies;
(e) forming a hemin complex with the G-quadruplex DNAzyme of the detection sequence copies and using the complex to form a colored or fluorescent product; and
(f) determining by detection of the colored or fluorescent product a presence, absence, or amount of the colored or fluorescent product resulting from step (e), wherein presence of the product indicates presence of the target nucleic acid molecule in the sample, absence of the product indicates absence of the nucleic acid molecule in the sample, and detection of an amount of the product indicates an amount of the target nucleic acid molecule in the sample.

US Pat. No. 11,066,695

DROPLET GENERATING APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD

BEIJING DAWEI BIO LTD., ...


1. A droplet generating method, comprising:providing a micro-pipe for dispensing a first liquid and a container containing a second liquid, wherein the first liquid is immiscible with the second liquid;
providing a moving and locating device for positioning the micro-pipe over the container;
providing a liquid driving device connected to the micro-pipe through a connecting tube for driving the first liquid through the micro-pipe and out from an outlet end of the micro-pipe;
providing a vibrating equipment connected to the micro-pipe for vibrating the micro-pipe;
forming a relative periodic vibration, via the vibrating equipment, between the micro-pipe and the container so that the outlet end of the micro-pipe is displaced to touch the second liquid in the container during a relative periodic vibration; and
dispensing, via actuation of the liquid driving device, the first liquid in the micro-pipe out from the outlet end of the micro-pipe during the relative periodic vibration to generate a plurality of droplets of the first liquid in the second liquid which is induced by a force of the second liquid imposed on the first liquid at the outlet end.

US Pat. No. 11,066,691

THERAPEUTIC PHAGES AND METHODS THEREOF


1. A method of producing an engineered phage for killing a bacterial colony, the method comprising:identifying islands within a bacterial genome of a first bacterium;
identifying a genomic island comprising a first prophage sequence within the bacterial genome from the first bacterium,
identifying close relatives of the first prophage sequence by sorting the first prophage sequence into a group with other prophage sequences based on genomic distances computed amongst the first and other prophages;
wherein the first prophage sequence comprises a genomic island comprising an integrase gene;
identifying relatives of a target bacterium based on genomic distance measurements;
producing an engineered phage genome comprising the first prophage sequence that lacks the integrase gene, wherein the first prophage sequence is effective to kill the target bacterium and the first bacterium is a relative of the target bacterium, wherein the engineered phage genome encodes the engineered phage; and
targeting a bacterial colony, which comprises the target bacterium, with the engineered phage genome, wherein the bacterial colony comprises a strain of a second bacterium that is different than a strain of the first bacterium.

US Pat. No. 11,066,689

ANALYSIS AND SCREENING OF CELL SECRETION PROFILES

IsoPlexis Corporation, B...


1. A system for discretely resolving analytes associated with a cellular population comprising:a plurality of sample retention regions that receive at least one cell distributed from a population of cells and retain an associated plurality of analytes released by the at least one cell;
a plurality of analyte detection regions patterned with a plurality of discretely positioned analyte detection moieties, the analyte detection regions disposed along parallel lines forming a barcode pattern alignable with the sample retention regions whereby, upon coupling, released analytes selectively associate with the plurality of analyte detection moieties forming an analyte barcode pattern for each analyte detection region;
a plurality of first alignment markers disposed about the plurality of sample retention regions and a plurality of second alignment markers disposed about the plurality of analyte detection regions;
an imaging apparatus that generates a plurality of images for selected sample retention regions and retained at least one cell and additionally at least one first alignment marker, the imaging apparatus further generating a plurality of images for analyte detection regions corresponding to the selected sample regions and associated analyte barcode patterns and additionally at least one second alignment marker; and
an image processor that aligns associated images for selected sample retention regions using the at least one first alignment marker and further aligns images for analyte detection regions with corresponding images for selected sample retention regions using the at least one second alignment marker, the image processor further identifying retained at least one cell in respective sample retention regions and corresponding analyte barcode patterns to discretely resolve released analytes associated with the retained at least one cell based on the analyte detection moieties detected in the analyte barcode pattern.

US Pat. No. 11,066,676

METHOD, VECTORS, CELLS, SEEDS AND KITS FOR STACKING GENES INTO A SINGLE GENOMIC SITE

THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF ...


1. A vector comprising an insert flanked by target sites for a site-specific DNA recombinase, wherein the target sites are in the same orientation, the insert comprising a first-promoter capable of driving expression of a downstream polynucleotide, a first nuclease recognition site upstream of the first promoter, a multi-cloning site between the first nuclease recognition site and a second nuclease recognition site that is different from the first nuclease recognition site, and a marker polynucleotide encoding a selectable marker and lacking a promoter, the marker polynucleotide flanked by the second target site for the site-specific DNA recombinase, such that a second promoter can be positioned on the opposite side of the second target site to drive expression of the selectable marker,wherein the nuclease recognition sites are recognition sites for a non-recombinase nuclease.

US Pat. No. 11,066,662

METHODS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF LIBRARIES FOR DIRECTED EVOLUTION

AxioMx, Inc., Branford, ...


1. A method of generating a library of variants of a sequence of interest, said method comprising the steps of:(a) providing a template DNA molecule comprising said sequence of interest;
(b) providing a pair of oligonucleotides wherein said oligonucleotides hybridize to opposite strands of said sequence of interest, wherein one of said oligonucleotides is protected, the other oligonucleotide is non-protected, and said oligonucleotides flank said sequence of interest;
(c) performing an amplification reaction on said template DNA molecule using said oligonucleotides, thereby generating a population of dsDNA variants;
(d) incubating said population of dsDNA variants with an enzyme capable of selectively degrading the non-protected strand over the protected strand of said dsDNA variants, thereby producing a population of ssDNA variants;
(e) hybridizing said population of ssDNA variants to ssDNA intermediaries, wherein said ssDNA intermediaries comprise a sequence substantially identical to said sequence of interest or a fragment thereof, generating heteroduplex DNA; and
(f) transforming said heteroduplex DNA into cells, thereby generating a library of variants of said sequence of interest.

US Pat. No. 11,066,661

METHODS OF GENE ASSEMBLY AND THEIR USE IN DNA DATA STORAGE

SEAGATE TECHNOLOGY LLC, ...


1. A system for DNA synthesis, comprising:a DNA symbol library comprising a number of DNA symbols each comprising a number of nucleotide pairs, the number of DNA symbols being 4?(the number of nucleotide pairs), each DNA symbol having a first overhanging end and a second overhanging end different than and non-complimentary to the first overhanging end, the first overhanging end and the second overhanging end being the same nucleotides for each DNA symbol; and
a DNA linker library comprising pairs of DNA linkers each comprising nucleotide pairs, a first linker of a pair having a first overhanging end and a second overhanging end and a second linker of the pair having a first overhanging end and a second overhanging end, the first overhanging end of the first linker being the same nucleotides for each first linker and the second overhanging end of the second linker being the same nucleotides for each second linker, wherein the second overhanging end of the first linker and the first overhanging end of the second linker have complementary nucleotides,
wherein the first linker of a pair is adapted to join to the first overhanging end of a DNA symbol and the second linker of the pair is adapted to join to the second overhanging end of another DNA symbol.

US Pat. No. 11,066,648

COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR REPROGRAMMING ADULT CELLS THROUGH THE STEMNESS OF A PLATELET RICH FRACTION OF BLOOD CONTAINING PLATELET-LIKE CELLS IN HUMANS

HACKENSACK UNIVERSITY MED...


1. A method of functionally reprogramming adult cells to insulin-producing cells comprising:(a) isolating a population of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from a human subject;
(b) isolating a platelet rich fraction comprising platelet-like cells from a Ficoll-Paque gradient fraction prepared from umbilical cord blood, wherein the platelet rich fraction comprises whole cells, microparticles, exosomes, lysed cells and alpha-granules containing transcription factors, growth factors or both,

wherein the platelet rich fraction expresses one or more islet cell-specific transcription factors;(c) contacting the population of PBMCs of step (a) with the platelet rich fraction of step (b) in vitro, wherein one or more embryonic stem cell related transcription factors and nucleic acids are transferred from the platelet rich fraction to the mononuclear cells, and wherein the contacting is effective to reprogram the PBMCs to an immature cell type that expresses one or more embryonic biomarkers, wherein the embryonic biomarkers comprise CRIPTO, and one or more of: GATA4, NANOG, OCT3/4, Sur1, NKX6.1, MAFA, Kir6.2, PD-L1, CD270, Galectin 9, TGF-?1, AIRE, CCR3, CXCR4, and CCL2; and
(d) expanding the immature cell type in vitro under culture conditions effective to generate an insulin-producing cell population, wherein the insulin-producing cell population expresses human beta-cell specific transcription factors and is functionally equivalent to human pancreatic beta-cells.

US Pat. No. 11,066,636

MICROCHIP, MICROCHIP CONTROLLING APPARATUS AND MICROCHIP CONTROLLING SYSTEM TECHNICAL FIELD

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...


1. A microchip, comprising:a cell accepting section accepting cells obtained from a subject
a lysis solution chamber storing lysis solution for lysis of the cells
a lysis reaction chamber in which lysis reaction of the cells is executed;
a first flow path communicating the cell accepting section directly to the lysis solution chamber;
a second flow path communicating a bottom opening of the cell accepting section directly to the lysis reaction chamber;
wherein the lysis solution chamber, the lysis reaction chamber, the first flow path and the second flow path are configured as inadhesive sections between adhesively laminated elastic films;
wherein the first flow path is configured to allow the lysis solution stored in the lysis solution chamber to flow into the cell accepting section,
wherein the second flow path is configured to allow the lysis solution stored in the cell accepting section to flow into the lysis reaction chamber together with the cells when the lysis solution is extruded from the cell accepting section; and
wherein the lysis reaction chamber is configured to expand when the lysis solution is transferred from the cell accepting section into the lysis reaction chamber together with the cells and have a capacity that is smaller than a capacity of the cell accepting section such that the lysis solution transferred into the lysis reaction chamber is restricted up to the capacity of the lysis reaction chambers.

US Pat. No. 11,066,632

CULTIVATION BAG ASSEMBLY FOR CULTIVATING MICROBES


1. A cultivation bag assembly for the cultivation of microbes, fungi and other organisms comprising:an inner bag having first and second walls that are joined together along side edges to define an inner bag interior for containing a food substrate and an organism to be cultivated, at least one of the first and second walls being constructed of a layer of water-vapor permeable material to allow the passage of water vapor therethrough; and
an outer bag having first and second walls joined along side edges to define an outer bag interior, the first and second walls of the outer bag being formed from gas impermeable layers, at least one of the first and second walls of the outer bag having an opening with a gas filter patch covering the opening to allow the passage of oxygen and carbon dioxide gases through the gas filter patch to and from ambient air and into and out of the interior of the inner bag to facilitate incubation of the organism within the interior of the inner bag, and wherein the inner bag and outer bag are coupled together at a first end of each of the inner bag and outer bag, with the inner bag being contained within the interior of the outer bag in a cultivation configuration.

US Pat. No. 11,066,631

PACK

XEBIOS DIAGNOSTICS GMBH, ...


10. A method of using a pack in a device for laboratory automation, the method comprising:providing a pack consisting of,2 to 20 stacks, each of the stacks comprising between 10 and 45 Petri dishes which extends in a longitudinal direction, the Petri dishes either being empty or being filled with a culture medium,
a connecting device configured to hold each of the stacks together, and
an outer packaging which is provided as a film packaging, the outer packaging being configured to surround the stacks, to be detachable via a severing process for removing the Petri dishes from each of the stacks, and to be opened either manually or via a cutting tool so as to remove the stacks,
wherein at least one of,
the connecting device comprises a strip material which is configured to at least partly surround each of the stacks in the longitudinal direction, the strip material comprising a banner wrap, and
the connecting device comprises a strap arrangement comprising a rubber-elastic material which is configured to envelop each of the stacks in the longitudinal direction, the strap arrangement being provided either as a single strap element or as two strap elements which are configured to cross over each other and which are connected to each other at two separate crossing points,
wherein,
the outer packaging comprises an internal volume that is sterile in an unopened state, and
the connecting device is arranged inside the outer packaging;

removing the outer packaging of the pack;
inserting one of the stacks of the pack into a magazine of the device for laboratory automation;
releasing the connecting device which is configured to hold the inserted stack together; and
using the pack in the device for laboratory automation.

US Pat. No. 11,066,630

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ANALYSIS OF TISSUE CONSTRUCTS

The Johns Hopkins Univers...


1. A microphysiology device for mimicking a biological tissue, the device comprising:a body having a top compartment having a first fluid channel, and a bottom compartment having a second fluid channel, the top and bottom compartments being separated by a porous membrane that is partially or entirely optically transparent, wherein the porous membrane comprises at least one agent adapted to support adherence of a living cell,
wherein the porous membrane comprises pores fluidly connecting the first and second fluid channels, the pores dimensioned between about 0.2 microns and 10 microns, and the first and second fluid channels having a width between about 1 and 5 mm, a length between about 5 and 20 mm, and a height between about 50 and 500 ?m, wherein support pillars with a diameter between about 50 and 250 ?m are distributed within the first and second fluid channels, and wherein the length of the first fluid channel is disposed perpendicular to the length of the second fluid channel.

US Pat. No. 11,066,627

CLEANING AGENT COMPOSITION FOR SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE SUBSTRATE, METHOD OF CLEANING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE SUBSTRATE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE SUBSTRATE, AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE SUBSTRATE

Mitsubishi Chemical Corpo...


1. A cleaning agent composition for a semiconductor device substrate including at least one of wiring and an electrode in which the wiring and the electrode contain cobalt or a cobalt alloy, the cleaning agent composition comprising the following components (A) and (B):component (A): at least one compound selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by Formula (1):




in Formula (1), R1 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms; and R2 to R7 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, a carboxyl group, a carbonyl group, or a functional group having an ester bond; and
component (B): water.

US Pat. No. 11,066,625

BLENDS CONTAINING ENANTIOMERICALLY PURE AMBROCENIDE®

SYMRISE AG, Holzminden (...


1. A mixture comprising a compound of formula (Ia),



wherein the mixture is free of compounds of formulae (Ib), (Ic), and (Id)





US Pat. No. 11,066,623

SEPARATION OF CONTAMINANTS FROM A LIQUID MIXTURE

ALFA LAVAL CORPORATE AB, ...


1. A method for separating contaminants from a liquid mixture comprising the steps of:a) providing a feed of said liquid mixture,
b) adding a separation aid to the liquid mixture, wherein said separation aid is capable of binding said contaminants;
c) supplying a flow of compressed air into said feed of liquid mixture after step b) has been performed, in order to provide a feed of liquid mixture comprising air;
d) removing air from said feed of liquid mixture comprising air, in order to provide a deaerated feed of liquid mixture;
e) supplying said deaerated feed of liquid mixture to a centrifugal separator, and
f) separating a phase comprising contaminants and said separation aid from said liquid mixture in said centrifugal separator, wherein the separation aid added in step b) is insoluble in said liquid mixture at separation conditions prevailing in step f).

US Pat. No. 11,066,622

SYNERGISTIC LUBRICANTS WITH REDUCED ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY

AFTON CHEMICAL CORPORATIO...


1. A method of lubricating at least a portion of a powertrain in a vehicle having an electric motor comprising a step of lubricating the portion of the powertrain with a functional fluid composition comprising:greater than 50 wt% of a base oil, based on a total weight of the functional fluid composition; and
an additive composition prepared by mixing
a) a hydrocarbyl acid phosphate of the formula (I) in an amount sufficient to provide at least 50 ppmw phosphorus to the functional fluid composition, based on the total weight of the functional fluid composition:




wherein R is a linear or branched hydrocarbyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms and R1 is selected from hydrogen and a linear or branched hydrocarbyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms;
b) an amount of one or more overbased calcium-containing detergent(s) having a total base number of greater than 225 mg KOH/g, as measured by the method of ASTM D-2896 sufficient to provide at least 25 ppmw calcium to the functional fluid composition, based on the total weight of the functional fluid composition; and
c) one or more nitrogen containing dispersants in an amount sufficient to provide greater than 20 ppmw of nitrogen to the functional fluid composition, based on the total weight of the functional fluid composition; and
wherein the functional fluid does not contain an amide, and a weight ratio of the ppmw of calcium provided by the one or more overbased calcium-containing detergent(s) to the ppmw of phosphorus provided by the hydrocarbyl acid phosphate is from 1:1 to 1:10,
wherein the electrical conductivity of the functional fluid composition as determined by the method of ASTM D2624-15 with a digital conductivity meter at 170° C. having a conductivity range from 1-200,000 pS/m is lower than essentially the same functional fluid in the absence of the one or more overbased calcium-containing detergent(s), and
the functional fluid composition has an electrical conductivity of from 80,000 pS/m to 180,000 pS/m as determined by the method of ASTM D2624-15 with a digital conductivity meter at 170° C. having a conductivity range from 1-200,000 pS/m.

US Pat. No. 11,066,619

PHOSPHOROUS CONTAINING COMPOUNDS AND USES THEREOF

AFTON CHEMICAL CORPORATIO...


1. A compound of formula (I)



or a tribologically acceptable salt thereof,
wherein A is




each R1 is the same or different and is independently selected from alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl, and aralkyl, wherein said aryl and aralkyl are optionally substituted with one to three substituents each independently selected from alkyl and alkenyl;
each R2 and R3 are independently selected from H, alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl and cycloalkylalkyl;
Y is —R4—R5—R6;
R4 is alkylene;
R5 is —C(O)—;
R6 is hydroxy or alkoxy;
R7 is hydroxy;
m is an integer from 2 to 8;
X1 is R8 or Z;
X2 is selected from the group consisting of R8,




R8 is alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, aryl, and aralkyl, wherein said aryl and aralkyl are optionally substituted with one to three substituents each independently selected from alkyl and alkenyl; and
Z is




wherein when X2 is R8, X1 is Z; and
wherein W1-W12 are each independently O or S, and at least one of W1-W12 is O.

US Pat. No. 11,066,618

ORGANIC LUBRICANT


1. An organic lubricant composition formed by a mixture comprising:a. a castor oil, comprising at least 90% by weight of the mixture;
b. glacial acetic acid, comprising at least 0.5% by weight of the mixture; and
c. n-propanol, comprising 5% by weight of the mixture;where the organic lubricant composition comprises less than 5% by weight inorganic acid comprising phosphorus, and further where the lubricity of the organic lubricant as measured by a high frequency reciprocating rig and lubricity meter is improved at least between 8% to 10% versus the same mixture formed by combining a castor oil, n-propanol, and greater than 5% by weight inorganic acid comprising phosphorus instead of glacial acetic acid.


US Pat. No. 11,066,617

QUATERNARY AMMONIUM COMPOUNDS AS FUEL OR LUBRICANT ADDITIVES

Innospec Limited, Ellesm...


1. A method of preparing a fuel composition, said method comprising: preparing a quaternary ammonium compound by reacting:(a) a tertiary amine of formula R1R2R3N with;
(b) an epoxide; in the presence of
(c) a monoester of a diacid including an optionally substituted hydrocarbyl moiety having at least 5 carbon atoms;
wherein R1, R2 and R3 are each independently selected from an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl or aryl group; and mixing the quaternary ammonium compound into a fuel;
and wherein the quaternary ammonium compound has the formula (Y):




wherein R1, R2 and R3 are each independently selected from an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl or aryl group; R4, R5, R6 and R7 are each independently selected from hydrogen or an optionally substituted alkyl, alkenyl or aryl group; and R includes an optionally substituted alkyl or alkenyl moiety having at least 6 carbon atoms; and wherein RCOO? is the residue of a monoester of a diacid.

US Pat. No. 11,066,616

PROCESS FOR MAKING BIOFUEL FROM SPENT COFFEE GROUNDS


1. A process for producing biofuel from spent coffee grounds (SCGs) comprises the steps of:performing a first operation comprising the steps of obtaining spent SCGs from a source;
washing the SCGs;
mixing the washed SCGs with an inorganic acid and heating and stirring the washed SCGs to form a SCG slurry without separating coffee oil;
drying the SCG slurry;
mixing the dried slurry with a solvent and heating the dried slurry and solvent mixture to create a reaction that produced biofuel and residual grounds;
separating the biofuel from the solvent and the residual grounds;
heating the residual grounds to produce biochar;
collecting the biochar and wash the biochar with one or more organic solvents to remove organic contaminates (organic compounds); and
wash the biochar with water and dry.

US Pat. No. 11,066,613

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR GASIFYING CARBON-CONTAINING MATERIAL


1. An apparatus for gasifying carbon-containing material, comprising:a gas generator; the gas generator having an upper region, a middle region, and a lower region; wherein the carbon-containing material is supplied to the upper region of the gas generator, oxygen is supplied to the middle region of the gas generator, and the carbon-containing material is largely gasified to a product gas in a fixed bed reactor in the lower region of the gas generator;
a hot gas filter, wherein the hot gas filter receives the product gas from the gas generator via a product gas line coupled to a lowermost region of the gas generator and passes the product gas through a filter assembly to yield a clean gas; the hot gas filter further including a solids outlet in a bottom region of the hot gas filter for taking off residual solids removed from the product gas by the filter assembly; and
a gas line configured to supply oxygen to a middle region of the hot gas filter between the filter assembly and the solids outlet, resulting in an additional gasification of residual constituents of the carbon-containing material present in the product gas received by the hot gas filter from the gas generator.

US Pat. No. 11,066,612

BIOMASS GASIFICATION DEVICE

JAPAN BLUE ENERGY CO., LT...


1. A biomass gasification device, comprising:a biomass pyrolytic reactor comprising a biomass inlet and a non-oxidizing gas inlet and/or a steam inlet;
a pyrolyzed gas reforming reactor comprising a steam inlet and a reformed gas outlet;
a pyrolyzed gas introducing pipe for introducing a pyrolyzed gas generated in the biomass pyrolytic reactor into the pyrolyzed gas reforming reactor, the pyrolyzed gas introducing pipe being provided between the biomass pyrolytic reactor and the pyrolyzed gas reforming reactor,
wherein:
the biomass pyrolytic reactor further comprises an introduction port and a discharge port for a plurality of preheated granules and/or lumps, and performs pyrolysis of biomass by using heat of the plurality of granules and/or lumps; and
the pyrolyzed gas reforming reactor performs steam reforming of the pyrolyzed gas generated by the pyrolysis of the biomass,
the biomass gasification device being characterized in that:
the pyrolyzed gas reforming reactor further comprises an air or oxygen inlet, and performs the steam reforming while partially combusting the pyrolyzed gas generated by the pyrolysis of the biomass by using air or oxygen; and
the pyrolyzed gas introducing pipe is provided on a side surface of the biomass pyrolytic reactor at a level below an upper surface of a layer of the plurality of granules and/or lumps formed in the biomass pyrolytic reactor,
wherein an inner bottom face of the pyrolyzed gas introducing pipe comprises a configuration protruding upward.

US Pat. No. 11,066,611

SYSTEM FOR CONVERSION OF CRUDE OIL TO PETROCHEMICALS AND FUEL PRODUCTS INTEGRATING VACUUM GAS OIL HYDROTREATING AND STEAM CRACKING

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...


1. An integrated system for producing petrochemicals and fuel products comprising:an atmospheric distillation unit (ADU) operable to receive and separate a feed, and discharge a first ADU fraction comprising naphtha, a second ADU fraction comprising at least a portion of middle distillates from the feed, and a third ADU fraction comprising atmospheric residue;
a vacuum distillation unit (VDU) operable to receive and separate the third ADU fraction, and discharge a first VDU fraction comprising vacuum gas oil;
a distillate hydroprocessing (DHP) zone operable to receive and convert middle distillates from the second ADU fraction into a first DHP fraction and a second DHP fraction, wherein the first DHP fraction comprises naphtha and the second DHP fraction is used for diesel fuel production;
a gas oil hydrotreating (GOHT) zone operable to receive and treat vacuum gas oil from the first VDU fraction and produce a first GOHT fraction containing naphtha range components, and a hydrotreated gas oil fraction;
a steam cracking zone comprising (a) a mixed feed steam cracking (MFSC) zone operable to receive and thermally crack naphtha from the first ADU fraction and a C6-C9 non-aromatics raffinate stream derived from an aromatics extraction zone, and (b) a gas oil steam cracking (GOSC) zone operable to receive and thermally crack the hydrotreated gas oil fraction, wherein the steam cracking zone is operable to produce a mixed product stream containing mixed C1-C4 paraffins and olefins, a pyrolysis gas stream, and a pyrolysis oil stream;
a naphtha hydrotreating zone operable to receive and treat the pyrolysis gas stream and produce a hydrotreated pyrolysis gas stream; and
the aromatics extraction zone operable to receive and separate the hydrotreated pyrolysis gas stream into one or more aromatic products streams, and the C6-C9 non-aromatics raffinate stream.

US Pat. No. 11,066,610

SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES FOR SUPPRESSING HEAVY POLYNUCLEAR AROMATIC DEPOSITION IN A HYDROCRACKING PROCESS

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY...


1. A method for suppressing precipitation of heavy polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (HPNA) in a refinery, the method comprising the steps of:supplying a hydrocarbon feedstock and hydrogen to a hydrocracking unit having a first stage reaction zone;
hydrocracking the hydrocarbon feedstock in the hydrocracking unit to produce a hydrocracked effluent;
introducing an aromatic solvent derived from aromatic bottoms from an aromatic recovery complex to the hydrocracked effluent such that precipitation of HPNA compounds is suppressed and a HPNA-suppressed effluent is produced; and
fractionating the HPNA-suppressed effluent to produce overhead products and unconverted bottoms.

US Pat. No. 11,066,609

INTEGRATED METHODS AND SYSTEMS OF HYDRODEARYLATION AND HYDRODEALKYLATION OF HEAVY AROMATICS TO PRODUCE BENZENE, TOLUENE, AND XYLENES

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY...


1. A process for production of benzene, toluene, and xylenes, the process comprising the steps of:supplying a hydrogen stream and a feed stream containing one or more of heavy alkyl aromatic compounds and alkyl-bridged non-condensed alkyl multi-aromatic compounds from an aromatic complex to a hydrodearylation reactor operating in a temperature range of about 200° C. to about 450° C. to react in the presence of a catalyst under specific reaction conditions to yield a hydrodearylated stream containing hydrogen, C1 to C4 gases, benzene, toluene, xylenes, and C9+ compounds;
supplying the hydrodearylated stream to a first separation unit to produce a bottom separated stream containing C9+ compounds and a top separated stream containing hydrogen, C1 to C4 gases, benzene, toluene, and xylenes;
supplying a hydrogen stream and the bottom separated stream containing C9+ compounds to a hydrodealkylation reactor operating in a temperature range of about 500° C. to about 900° C. to produce a hydrodealkylated stream containing H2, C1 to C4 gases, benzene, toluene, xylenes, and C9+ compounds; and
supplying the hydrodealkylated stream to a second separation unit to produce a bottom product stream containing unconverted C9+ compounds and a top product stream containing hydrogen, C1 to C4 gases, benzene, toluene, and xylenes.

US Pat. No. 11,066,607

PROCESS FOR PRODUCING DEASPHALTED AND DEMETALLIZED OIL

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...


1. A process to treat a heavy feedstock to reduce the content of undesired metal components comprising:a. mixing the feedstock with an effective quantity of paraffinic solvent;
b. separating asphaltic content;
c. recovering a mixture of deasphalted oil and paraffinic solvent;
d. contacting the mixture of deasphalted oil and paraffinic solvent in an adsorptive demetallizing zone selected from the group consisting of a fixed bed and a fluidized bed, the adsorptive demetallizing zone containing an effective quantity of solid adsorbent, the contacting occurring under conditions and for a time sufficient for adsorption of the undesired metal components; and
e. recovering a mixture of deeply demetallized oil and paraffinic solvent.

US Pat. No. 11,066,606

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CATALYTIC UPGRADING OF VACUUM RESIDUE TO DISTILLATE FRACTIONS AND OLEFINS WITH STEAM

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY...


1. A method for upgrading a heavy oil feed to a light product comprising distillate fractions and olefins, the method comprising the steps of:combining a heavy oil feed with a naphtha-based cracking additive to produce a mixed heavy oil feed;
heating the mixed heavy oil feed with a nano-zeolite catalyst in the presence of steam to effect catalytic upgrading of the mixed heavy oil feed to produce lighter distillate fractions and olefins in an upgraded product, the upgraded product including at least about 30 wt. % olefins; and
separating the lighter distillate fractions from the olefins, where the nano-zeolite catalyst to mixed heavy oil feed weight ratio is from about 0.5:1 to about 0.5:12.

US Pat. No. 11,066,605

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CATALYTIC UPGRADING OF VACUUM RESIDUE TO DISTILLATE FRACTIONS AND OLEFINS

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY...


1. A method for upgrading a heavy oil feed to a light product comprising distillate fractions and olefins, the method comprising the steps of:combining a heavy oil feed with a naphtha-based cracking additive to produce a mixed heavy oil feed;
heating the mixed heavy oil feed with a nano-zeolite catalyst, where the step of heating is carried out without hydrogen addition and without steam addition, to effect catalytic upgrading of the mixed heavy oil feed to produce lighter distillate fractions and olefins in an upgraded product, the upgraded product including at least about 20 wt. % olefins; and
separating the lighter distillate fractions from the olefins, where the nano-zeolite catalyst to mixed heavy oil feed weight ratio is between about 0.5:2 to about 0.5:24.

US Pat. No. 11,066,604

PYROLYSIS OIL AND METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR THE PRODUCTION THEREOF


1. A method for producing a pyrolysis oil, the method comprising:pyrolysing a feedstock substantially in the absence of oxygen in a pyrolysis zone, in which the feedstock is heated to a temperature that is in a range of 250 degrees Celsius to 700 degrees Celsius, wherein a residence time of a material to be pyrolysed in the pyrolysis zone is in a range of one second to one hour, and pyrolysed solids and pyrolysis vapors are formed;
post-conditioning at least the pyrolysis vapors in a post-conditioning zone, in which the pyrolysis vapors are brought into contact with a catalyst bed containing a catalyst, wherein said catalyst comprises the pyrolysed solids, which are directly obtained by pyrolysing the feedstock, wherein a residence time of the pyrolysis vapors in the post-conditioning zone is in a range from 10?3 seconds to 180 seconds and wherein the post-conditioning is carried out at a temperature in a range of 450 degrees Celsius to 800 degrees Celsius, wherein the temperature of the post-conditioning is at least 50 degrees Celsius higher than the temperature of the pyrolysing, and wherein, upon condensation, the pyrolysis oil is formed; and
separating the pyrolysis oil from other pyrolysis products that are formed in a separation unit.

US Pat. No. 11,066,602

REACTIVE MESOGEN AND LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....


1. A reactive mesogen represented by the following Formula 2:BZ1b1XZ2b2Pa
where X is one of the following X-1 to X-17,








each of Z1 and Z2 is independently a direct linkage, —O—, —S—, —CO—, —COO—, —OCOO—, —O(CH2)m1—, —S(CH2)m1—, —O(CF2)m1—, —S(CF2)m1—, —(CH2)m1—, —CF2CH2—, —(CF2)m1—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, —C?C—, —CH?CH—COO—, —(CH2)m1—COO—, —(CH2)m1—COO—(CH2)m2—O—, —CH—(Sp—Pa)—, —CH2CH—(Sp—Pa)—, or —(CH—(Sp—Pa)—CH—(Sp—Pa))—,
each of m1 and m2 is independently an integer of 0 to 4,
Sp is a direct linkage, or a spacer group,
Each of b1 and b2 is independently an integer of 0 to 6,
Pa is a polymerizable group,
B is an unsubstituted heterocycle, a substituted or unsubstituted crown ether group, or




n1 and n2 are each independently an integer of 1 to 12, T1 and T2 are each independently —OH, —CH3, —CF3, —CHF2, —CH2F, —CH2Br, —CHBr2, —CHCl2, or —CH2Cl,
at least one of T1 and T2 is —OH, and
each * is a connection to X, Z1, Z2, B, or Pa.

US Pat. No. 11,066,601

COMPOSITION FOR ETCHING, METHOD FOR ETCHING INSULATOR AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, AND NOVEL COMPOUNDS

SK Innovation Co., Ltd., ...


1. An etching composition, comprising:phosphoric acid, phosphoric anhydride, a compound represented by the following Formula 1, and a silane compound comprising at least one silicon (Si) atom, excluding the compound represented by Formula 1:




where
A is an n-valent radical, where n is an integer of 1 to 6,
L is a direct bond or hydrocarbylene,
Y is selected from NR1, O, PR2 and S, where R1 to R2 are independently hydrogen, halogen, a substituted or unsubstituted hydrocarbyl group, or substituted or unsubstituted non-hydrocarbyl group,
X and Z are independently selected from N, O, P and S, and
Ra to Rc are independently an unshared electron pair, hydrogen, or a substituted or unsubstituted hydrocarbyl group.

US Pat. No. 11,066,600

LUTETIUM NITRIDE-BASED PHOSPHOR AND LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE COMPRISING SAME

GRIREM ADVANCED MATERIALS...


1. A lutetium nitride-based phosphor, comprising an inorganic compound, wherein the composition of the inorganic compound comprises at least an M element, an A element, a D element and an R element, wherein the M element is one or two elements selected from a group consisting of Lu, La, Pr, Nd, Sm, Y, Tb and Gd, and necessarily comprises Lu; the A element is Si and/or Ge; the D element is one or two elements selected from a group consisting of O, N and F, and necessarily comprises N; the R element is Ce and/or Dy, and the atomic molar ratio of the Lu element in the M element is greater than 50%, whereinthe inorganic compound has a crystal structure the same as Y3Si6N11;
the inorganic compound has a composition of M3-aAxDy:aR, wherein parameters a, x and y satisfy the following conditions: 0

US Pat. No. 11,066,597

INTRABAND TRANSITION-BASED INFRARED DEVICE OF NONSTOICHIOMETRIC QUANTUM DOTS

Korea University Research...


1. Non-stoichiometric quantum dot nanoparticles comprising quantum dot cores and nonthiol ligands bonded to the core,wherein infrared rays are emitted from electron transition between discrete energy levels in a band,
wherein the quantum dot core is a mercury-chalcogen nanocrystal, and
wherein the mercury of the nanocrystal is composed of an atomic ratio of 1 to 10 with respect to one chalcogen.

US Pat. No. 11,066,596

BUFFERED FRICTION REDUCER FOR SUBTERRANEAN OPERATIONS

Multi-Chem Group, LLC, H...


1. A method comprising:(A) providing a treatment fluid comprising:an aqueous base fluid,
a friction reducer, and
an alkaline buffering agent,
wherein the treatment fluid has a pH in the range of about 7 to about 10; and

(B) injecting the treatment fluid into a wellbore penetrating at least a portion of a subterranean formation at a pressure sufficient to create or enhance one or more fractures within the subterranean formation.

US Pat. No. 11,066,594

FLUOROPOLYMERS TO REDUCE RETENTION OF NANOSURFACTANTS TO CARBONATE RESERVOIR ROCK FOR APPLICATIONS IN OIL FIELDS

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY...


1. A method of producing a nanosurfactant composition suitable for injection into a hydrocarbon-bearing formation for enhanced oil recovery operations, the method comprising the steps of:combining a sulfonate surfactant and an oil to form a first mixture;
combining the first mixture, a zwitterionic co-surfactant, and fresh water to form a second mixture;
combining the second mixture, a functionalized zwitterionic copolymer, and the fresh water to form a third mixture; and
combining the third mixture and saline water to form the nanosurfactant composition, the saline water comprising divalent cations, the nanosurfactant composition comprising a nanoassembly,
wherein the functionalized zwitterionic copolymer has a first monomeric unit comprising 1-vinylimidazole,
wherein the nanoassembly has a hydrophobic interior and a hydrophilic exterior, the hydrophobic interior comprising the sulfonate surfactant, a hydrophobic portion of the zwitterionic co-surfactant, and the oil, the hydrophilic exterior comprising a hydrophilic portion of the zwitterionic co-surfactant interacting with the functionalized zwitterionic copolymer present in an aqueous environment,
wherein the hydrophilic portion of the zwitterionic co-surfactant stabilizes the nanoassemhly by interacting with the divalent cations present in the saline water,
wherein the oil facilitates containment of the sulfonate surfactant in the hydrophobic interior of the nanoassembly,
wherein the quantity of sulfonate surfactant in the nanosurfactant composition ranges between 0.1 wt % and 0.25 wt %,
wherein the quantity of the oil in the nanosurfactant composition ranges between 0.002 wt % and 0.02 wt %.

US Pat. No. 11,066,592

ENGINEERED NANO-MODIFIED METHYL METHACRYLATE POLYMER FOR REPAIR OF 30 MICROM MICROCRACKS

UNM Rainforest Innovation...


1. A method of using a sealant to seal microcracks as small as 30 ?m in a wellbore having a casing comprising the steps of: 1) filling a bottom hole of the wellbore with filler solution to an area below the area to be repaired; 2) mixing a polymer sealant comprising methyl methacrylate with one or more alumina nanoparticles in order to increase the degree of polymer crystallization, wherein said methyl methacrylate contains sufficient alumina nanoparticles by weight to change the ductility and/or control the hardening time of said methyl methacrylate to create a nano-modified polymer prior to placement of said nano-modified polymer in the microcracks to be sealed; 3) filling a portion of the casing with said nano-modified polymer sealant, said nano-modified polymer sealant positioned above and below the area to be repaired; 4) subjecting said nano-modified polymer sealant to pressure to cause said nano-modified polymer sealant to flow into the microcracks to be sealed; 5) adding an anti-hardening agent to maintain any remaining nano-modified polymer sealant in fluid form; and then 6) removing the remaining nano-modified polymer sealant.

US Pat. No. 11,066,591

EFFECTIVE POUR POINT DEPRESSANTS FOR AMIDOAMINE EMULSIFIERS

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...


1. A composition, comprising:an oleaginous base fluid;
an emulsifier; and

a liquid tertiary amide, wherein the liquid tertiary amide is selected from the group of cyclic or acyclic liquid tertiary amides.

US Pat. No. 11,066,590

WATER-SOLUBLE POLYMER SHALE INHIBITORS

Halliburton Energy Servic...


15. A method comprising:drilling at least a portion of a well bore to penetrate at least a portion of a subterranean formation that comprises shale;
circulating a drilling fluid in at least a portion of the well bore while drilling at least a portion of the well bore, the drilling fluid comprisingan aqueous base fluid that comprises a brine, and
a shale inhibiting additive comprising a water-soluble polymer, wherein 0.5 lb/bbl of the water-soluble polymer when dissolved in an 8.6 ppg potassium chloride (KCl) brine at room temperature imparts a viscosity to the brine of about 5.5 cP or greater, as measured on a FANN® viscometer at 300 rpm; and

allowing the shale inhibiting additive to interact with the shale in the subterranean formation to at least partially inhibit the shale.

US Pat. No. 11,066,588

DEICING COMPOSITION COMPRISING LIGNOCELLULOSIC BYPRODUCTS

Sustainable Fiber Technol...


1. A deicing composition comprising a solvent borne blend of solids, the solids comprising:(i) an inorganic salt in an amount of 25 or 30.0 or 40 or 50 or 70 weight % to 80 or 90 weight % solids
(ii) lignin in an amount of 5 or 10 or 15 or 20 weight % to 30 or 40 or 50 weight % solids, and
(iii) a sugar compound in an amount of 0.1 or 0.2 or 0.5 or 1.0 or 2.0 or 5.0 weight % to 10 or 15 or 18 or 20 or 25 or 30 weight % solids,
wherein at least 90 or 95 or 97 or 98 or 99 weight % of the sugar compound is derived from hemicellulose,
wherein the solvent comprises:
a. water, and
b. less than 5% by volume with respect to the solvent of a C1-C10 alcohol,
and
wherein the deicing composition has a pH in the range of 7.0 to 10, wherein pH is achieved by the addition of an alkali metal carbonate, an alkali metal bicarbonate or a hydroxide ion source to the deicing composition,
wherein the deicing composition is substantially free of sulfur,
wherein the deicing composition is substantially free of anthraquinone,
wherein at least a portion of the lignin is derived from a non-wood source, wherein the non-wood source is selected from the group consisting of wheat straw, rice straw, barley straw, oat straw, rye grass, coastal Bermuda grass, arundo donax, miscanthus, bamboo, sorghum, banana harvest residue, pineapple residue, sugarcane bagasse, industrial hemp, recreational cannabis waste, nut shell residue, kenaf, switchgrass, succulents, alfalfa, corn stover, and flax straw.

US Pat. No. 11,066,587

SEALANT MATERIAL


1. A process for using a sealing material consisting of a plurality of yarns coated with a non-curable joint sealing composition to seal a joint in a pipe system, comprising the steps of:applying the sealing material to a surface of the joint and mating the sealing material-applied surface of the joint with another part to form the pipe system, and thereafter passing through the pipe system a fluid, wherein the fluid comprises at least two of:(a) corrosion inhibitor selected from the group consisting of diammonium dimolybdate and benzotriazole;
(b) sludge remover;
(c) alcohol selected from the group consisting of propane diol and ethylene glycol;
(d) hydrocarbon selected from the group consisting of diesel, fuel oil and hydraulic oil; or
(e) steam at a temperature of at least 180° C. and a pressure of at least 10 bar (1000 kPa),

wherein the plurality of yarns is constructed from polyamide, and
wherein the non-curable joint sealing composition comprises silicone oil and a filler selected from the group consisting of a mineral filler, a powdered polymer filler and chopped fibre filler material.

US Pat. No. 11,066,586

CURABLE COMPOSITION, ADHESIVE SHEET, CURED PRODUCT, LAMINATE, METHOD FOR PRODUCING ADHESIVE SHEET, AND DEVICE

DAICEL CORPORATION, Osak...


1. A curable composition comprising:a polyorganosilsesquioxane; and
one of:(A) a compound represented by Formula (X); and
(B) a polymerization stabilizer,


Formula (X) expressed as follows:




wherein r1 represents an integer from 4 to 20; L represents a group containing at least one group selected from a group consisting of epoxy, oxetanyl, and vinyl ether groups; each occurrence of R11 and R12 independently represents an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group; s1 represents an integer from 1 to 3; t1 represents an integer from 0 to 2, where s1 plus t1 equals 3; and each occurrence of R13 and R14 is independently selected from hydrogen and an optionally substituted hydrocarbon group,the polyorganosilsesquioxane having a number-average molecular weight of 1000 to 3000 and a molecular-weight dispersity (weight-average molecular weight to number-average molecular weight ratio) of 1.0 to 3.0,
the polyorganosilsesquioxane comprisinga constitutional unit represented by Formula (1):[Chem. 2]
[R1SiO3/2]??(1)



wherein R1 represents an epoxy-containing group,the polyorganosilsesquioxane having a ratio of a constitutional unit represented by Formula (I) to a constitutional unit represented by Formula (II) of 5 or more,

Formulae (I) and (II) expressed as follows:[Chem. 3]
[RaSiO3/2]??(I)

wherein Ra is selected from an epoxy-containing group, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, substituted or unsubstituted aralkyl, substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted alkenyl, and hydrogen,[Chem. 4]
[RbSiO2/2(ORc)]??(II)

wherein Rb is selected from an epoxy-containing group, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, substituted or unsubstituted aralkyl, substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted alkenyl, and hydrogen; and RC is selected from hydrogen and C1-C4 alkyl,the polyorganosilsesquioxane having a total proportion of the constitutional unit represented by Formula (1) and a constitutional unit represented by Formula (4) of at least 55 mole percent of all siloxane constitutional units,

Formula (4) expressed as follows:[Chem. 5]
[R1SiO2/2(ORc)]??(4)

wherein R1 is as defined in Formula (1); and Rc is as defined in Formula (II).

US Pat. No. 11,066,582

ADHESION COMPOSITION AND TEXTILE MATERIALS AND ARTICLES TREATED THEREWITH


1. A composition for adhering textile materials and rubber-containing articles comprising:a) a compound selected from a non-crosslinked resorcinol-formaldehyde condensate, a resorcinol-furfural condensate, a phenol-formaldehyde condensate, and mixtures thereof;
b) a latex component; and
c) an aldehyde component selected from 2,3- and 2,5-thiophenedicarboxaldehyde, 2,5-furfuryldicarboxaldehyde, 1,2-, 1,3- and 1,4-phthalic dicarboxaldehyde, 2,6-pyridinedicarboxaldehyde, 2-, 3- and 4-pyridinecarboxaldehyde, 3-(2-furyl)acrolein, propylaldehyde, butyraldehyde, iso-butylaldehyde, o-sulfo benzoic aldehyde, and compounds of the formula (1), (2) or (3):




wherein
X is O, S or NH, and
R1-R3 each independently are selected from H, alkyl, aryl, halogen, and carboxylic functional groups; and
wherein the weight ratio of compound “a” to aldehyde “c” is from 4:3.2 to 4:4.0.

US Pat. No. 11,066,576

DRYWALL JOINT TAPE WITH DUAL PURPOSE ADHESIVE BACKING

UNITED STATES GYPSUM COMP...


1. A joint tape to be applied to wallboard, the joint tape comprising:a base substrate having a first side and an opposing, second side, said base substrate being made of a non-swelling cellulose material, said non-swelling cellulose material including fibers; and
a single adhesive layer applied to said first side of said base substrate, wherein said adhesive layer is formed by a mixture of at least two adhesives, a first one of said at least two adhesives configured to form a bond with the wallboard, and a second one of said at least two adhesives being a water-activated adhesive that is configured to form a bond with the wallboard,
wherein said base substrate is at least partially water absorbent to enable water to soak through said base substrate from said second side to said first side and activate said second one of said at least two adhesives,
wherein the bond formed between the second one of said at least two adhesives and the wallboard is stronger than the bond formed between the first one of said at least two adhesives and the wallboard, and
wherein a shear strength of the joint tape is 48 to 62 pounds.

US Pat. No. 11,066,575

CHEMICAL MECHANICAL PLANARIZATION FOR TUNGSTEN-CONTAINING SUBSTRATES

Versum Materials US, LLC,...


1. A tungsten chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) composition comprising:a) nano-sized abrasive;
b) metal compounds coated on colloidal organic polymer particle surfaces as solid catalyst;
c) oxidizer;
d) corrosion inhibitor;
e) water soluble liquid carrier; andoptionally

f) biocide when pH of the composition is between 5.0 to 8.0;
g) pH adjusting agent;
h) surfactant; and

pH of the CMP composition is from 2.5 to 8;
wherein
the nano-sized abrasive is selected from the group consisting of colloidal silica with narrow or broad particle size distributions, with various sizes and with various shapes, the various shapes of the abrasives include spherical shape, cocoon shape, aggregate shape and other shapes, the colloidal silica particles doped by other metal oxide within lattice of the colloidal silica, such as alumina doped silica particles, colloidal aluminum oxide, which include alpha-, beta-, and gamma-types of aluminum oxides, colloidal and photoactive titanium dioxide, cerium oxide, colloidal cerium oxide, nano-sized diamond particles, nano-sized silicon nitride particles, mono-modal, bi-modal, multi-modal colloidal abrasive particles, zirconium oxide, organic polymer-based soft abrasives, and combinations thereof;
the metal compounds in the metal compounds coated organic polymer particles are selected from the group consisting of iron compounds, copper compounds, silver compound, cobalt compounds, nickel compounds, and combinations thereof; and
the organic polymer particles in the metal compound coated organic polymer particles are selected from the group consisting of organic polystyrene sulfonate (PS—SO3H) beads, organic polystyrene carboxylate (PS—COOH) beads, organic polystyrene phosphate (PS—PO4?) beads, and combinations thereof.

US Pat. No. 11,066,574

SELF-HEALING COATING COMPOSITIONS

Nano and Advanced Materia...


1. A coating composition precursor comprising:a soft segment precursor selected from the group consisting of polycaprolactone diol (PCL diol), polycaprolactone triol, poly(tetramethylene adipate) diol, polyethylene glycol (PEG), polytetrahydrofuran (PTHF) and a combination thereof;
a hard segment precursor selected from the group consisting of hexamethylene diisocyanate trimer (HDI trimer), hexamethylene diisocyanate, isophorone diisocyanate, 4,4?-dicyclohexylmethane diisocyanate and a combination thereof; and
a diol selected from the group consisting of 2,2-bis(hydroxylmethyl)propionic acid (DMPA), 2,3-dihydroxyl propionic acid, 2,2-bis(hydroxylmethyl)butyric acid (DMBA), dihydroxybenzoic acid, dihydroxysuccinic acid, bis(2-hydroxyethl)disulfide (HEDS) and a combination thereof;
wherein the soft segment precursor, the hard segment precursor, and the diol are present in a molar ratio of 1:4.5-9:0.1-1.

US Pat. No. 11,066,573

RESIN COMPOSITION, BLACK RESIN COATED STEEL SHEET USING SAME, AND METHOD OF PREPARING SAME

POSCO, Pohang-si (KR)


1. A resin composition for a black resin coated steel sheet comprising: 40% to 50% by weight of a polyester resin on the basis of a total of 100% by weight of the composition, andthe balance including at least one material selected from a melamine resin, an abrasion-resistant particle, a wax, and a solvent,
wherein the polyester resin includes a main resin and an auxiliary resin,
the main resin has a higher molecular weight than that of the auxiliary resin, and
a difference of a glass transition temperature between the main resin and the auxiliary resin is 25° C. or less in an absolute value,
wherein the molecular weight of the main resin is more than 15,000 Mn to 80,000 Mn, and the molecular weight of the auxiliary resin is 12,000 Mn to 20,000 Mn, and,
wherein the glass transition temperature of the main resin is 5 to 20° C. and the glass transition temperature of the auxiliary resin is 20 to 30° C.

US Pat. No. 11,066,571

PATTERN FORMING METHOD, UNDER COATING AGENT, AND LAMINATE

OJI HOLDINGS CORPORATION,...


1. A pattern forming method comprising:applying an under coating agent onto a substrate, and
applying a self-assembly composition for pattern formation to the surface of the substrate, onto which the under coating agent has been applied, and then forming a self-assembly film according to self-assembly phase separation, wherein
the self-assembly composition for pattern formation comprises a block copolymer comprising a polymerization unit (a) having at least one selected from a structure represented by the following formula (103) and a structure represented by the following formula (104), and a polymerization unit (b) having a structure represented by the following formula (105), and
the content rate of a sugar moiety in the block copolymer is 3% by mass or more and 80% by mass or less, based on the total mass of the block copolymer:




wherein, in the formulae (103) and (104), R1 each independently represents a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, a bromine atom, an iodine atom, an alkyl group, an acyl group, an aryl group, or a phosphoryl group, and a plurality of R1 is identical to or different from one another; R5 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group, and a plurality of R5 is identical to or different from one another; X1 and Y1 each independently represent a single bond or a linking group, a plurality of X1 is identical to or different from one another, and a plurality of Y1 is identical to or different from one another; p represents an integer of 2 or more and 3000 or less, r represents an integer of 0 or more, and at least one of a plurality of r represents an integer of 1 or more; and the symbol * represents a binding site with any one of R1, or a binding site with any one oxygen atom to which R1 binds, instead of R1, when r represents 2 or more; and
in the formula (105), W1 represents a carbon atom or a silicon atom, and a plurality of W1 is identical to or different from one another; W2 represents —CR2—, —O—, —S—, or —SiR2— (provided that R represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group containing 1 to 5 carbon atoms, and a plurality of R is identical to or different from one another), and a plurality of W2 is identical to or different from one another; R11 represents a hydrogen atom, a methyl group, or a hydroxyl group, and a plurality of R11 is identical to or different from one another; R12 represents a hydrogen atom, a hydroxyl group, an acetyl group, a methoxycarbonyl group, an aryl group, or a pyridyl group, and a plurality of R12 is identical to or different from one another; and q represents an integer of 2 or more and 3000 or less.

US Pat. No. 11,066,568

DISPERSANT, DISPERSION AND INK COMPOSITION, AND PREPARING METHOD THEREOF

NISSIN CHEMICAL INDUSTRY ...


1. A dispersant comprising:(A) 0.5 to 30% by weight of a compound selected from at least one of acetylene glycol represented by formula (1):





wherein R1 and R2 each represent a C1-C5 alkyl group, andan ethoxylated substance of acetylene glycol represented by formula (2):





wherein R3 and R4 each represent a C1-C5 alkyl group, m and n each are a positive number of 0.5 to 25, and m+n is 1 to 40;(B) 5 to 98% by weight of a nonionic aryl phenol compound represented by formula (3):





wherein a is an integer of 1 to 4, b is an integer of 1 to 30, and R5 is an aryl group; and(C) 1 to 70% by weight of an anionic aryl phenol compound represented by formula (4):





wherein c is an integer of 1 to 4, d is an integer of 1 to 30, R6 is an aryl group, and R7 is an anionic group, and wherein the total amount of components (A) to (C) is 100% by weight,wherein the amount of component (B) is equal to or larger than the amount of component (C).

US Pat. No. 11,066,567

THERMAL INKJET DYE SUBLIMATION INKS

Hewlett-Packard Developme...


1. A thermal inkjet dye sublimation ink, consisting of:a disperse dye colorant dispersion present in an amount ranging from about 1 wt % actives to about 7 wt % actives based on a total weight of the ink;
a primary solvent selected from the group consisting of glycerol, ethoxylated glycerol, 2-methyl-1,3-propanediol, dipropylene glycol, and combinations thereof, the primary solvent being present in an amount ranging from about 10 wt % to about 22 wt % based on the total weight of the ink;
a secondary solvent present in an amount ranging from 0 wt % to about 7 wt % based on the total weight of the ink;
a chelating agent present in an amount ranging from greater than 0 wt % actives to less than 0.1 wt % actives based on the total weight of the ink;
oleth-3-phosphate present in an amount ranging from about 0.1 wt % to about 0.75 wt % based on the total weight of the ink;
an additive selected from the group consisting of a buffer, a biocide, an other surfactant, and combinations thereof; and
a balance of water.

US Pat. No. 11,066,566

INKJET PRINTING SYSTEMS

Hewlett-Packard Developme...


1. An inkjet printing system, comprising:an ink composition, including:carbon black pigment,
from 50 wt % to 80 wt % water,
from 10 wt % to 40 wt % of an organic solvent system consisting essentially of an organic solvent having 1 or 2 free hydroxyl groups and 0 to 3 glycol units, and
from 0.5 wt % to 6 wt % polyurethane; and

a microfluidic ejection assembly.

US Pat. No. 11,066,563

RADIATION CURABLE INK

Seiko Epson Corporation


1. A radiation curable ink comprising:a compound represented by Formula (I):





in Formula (I), R1 is a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, R2 is a divalent organic residue having 2 to 20 carbon atoms, and R3 is a hydrogen atom or a monovalent organic residue having 1 to 11 carbon atoms;a compound represented by Formula (II):





in Formula (II), R1 is a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, R4 is a divalent organic residue having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, and n is an integer of 1 to 3; anda compound represented by Formula (III):





in Formula (III), R1 is a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, R5 is a divalent organic residue having 2 to 5 carbon atoms, R6 is an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or a hydroxyalkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, and m is an integer of 1 to 3.

US Pat. No. 11,066,562

ACRYLAMIDE-CONTAINING PHOTO ACTIVE CO-SOLVENTS

Hewlett-Packard Developme...


1. An acrylamide-containing photo active co-solvent, comprising a bis-tris propane co-solvent modified with an acryloyl group to form the acrylamide-containing photo active co-solvent, wherein the acrylamide-containing photo active co-solvent has the following structure:




US Pat. No. 11,066,561

BARRIER COATING STRUCTURE

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...


1. A barrier-coating structure comprising:a polymer-matrix composite comprising a first surface and a second surface;
a flexible layer comprising a first surface and a second surface;
a sol-gel layer comprising a first surface and a second surface, the first surface contacting the second surface of the flexible layer; and
a barrier layer comprising a first surface and a second surface, wherein the polymer-matrix composite or flexible layer comprises one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of phthalonitrile, phenylethynyl, glycidyl, anhydride, amine, nadic, and combinations thereof,
wherein the first surface of the flexible layer comprises a first polymer comprising one or more substituents and the second surface of the flexible layer comprises a second polymer comprising one or more substituents, wherein the one or more substituents of the first polymer are not the same as the one or more substituents of the second polymer.

US Pat. No. 11,066,560

TRANSPARENT SELF-HEALING OMNIPHOBIC COATINGS

NBD NANOTECHNOLOGIES, INC...


1. A process for obtaining an omniphobic coating on a substrate comprising:a. activating a substrate by contacting the substrate with a plasma of a gas; and,
b. depositing a first layer of an omniphobic coating comprising at least one fluoride ion-encapsulated functionalized fluoropolyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane, and at least one fluorocompound,
wherein the at least one fluoride ion encapsulated functionalized fluoropolyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (F@F-POSS) is a compound of the structural formula [1]:




wherein each RA is Rf or Rp, provided that at least one RA is Rp;
Rf is F3C(CF2)m(CH2)n—;
Rp is (HO)p(Y)2-pP(O)(CH2)q—;
Y is a hydrolysable group; m is an integer from 0 to about 15; n is an integer from 0 to about 5; p is 0, 1 or 2; and q is an integer from 0 to about 5.

US Pat. No. 11,066,559

LAUNDRY DETERGENT COMPOSITION COMPRISING A PARTICLE HAVING HUEING AGENT AND CLAY


1. A particle consisting of:(a) from 0.0001 wt % to 4 wt % of a hueing agent, wherein the hueing agent has the following structure:




wherein:
R1 and R2 are independently selected from the group consisting of: H; alkyl; alkoxy; alkyleneoxy;
alkyl capped alkyleneoxy; urea; and amido;
U is a hydrogen, a substituted or unsubstituted amino group;
W is a substituted group comprising an amino moiety and optionally an alkyl and/or aryl moiety, and wherein the substituted group comprises at least one alkyleneoxy chain that comprises an average molar distribution of at least four alkyleneoxy moieties;
Y is a hydrogen or a sulfonic acid moiety; and
Z is a sulfonic acid moiety or an amino group substituted with an aryl group or an alkyl group; and
(b) the balance a clay carrier.

US Pat. No. 11,066,557

PROTEIN-SURFACTANT-MONOMER/POLYMER BLENDS AND COPOLYMERS FOR PROTEIN-BASED PLASTICS

Massachusetts Institute o...


1. A copolymer comprising:(i) a first monomer, wherein the first monomer is a modified protein comprising a protein and at least one functional group selected from the group consisting of an acrylate, a siloxane, a glycidyl ether, a vinyl group, an epoxy group, and a maleimide group;
(ii) a surfactant selected from:(a) the group consisting of sodium dodecyl sulfate, ammonium dodecyl sulfate, sodium laurate, sodium lauryl ether sulfate, sodium stearate, sodium dodcylbenzenesulfonate, poly(ethylene glycol) 4-nonylphenyl-3-sulfopropyl ether potassium salt, sodium oleate, dioctyl sulfosuccinate benzalkonium chloride, benzethonium chloride, cetylpyridinium chloride, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, cetryltrimethylammonium chloride, didecyldimethylammonium chloride, dioctadecyldimethylammonium bromide, docosyltrimethylammonium chloride, octenidine dihydrochloride, 1-vinyl-3-dodecylimidazolium bromide, polypropylene glycol (PPG) monomethacrylate phosphate ester, polyoxyethylene alkylphenyl ether ammonium sulfate, polyoxyalkylene alkenyl ether ammonium sulfate, polyethylene glycol octylphenyl ether, lauryldimethylamine oxide, myristamine oxide, sodium lauroamphoacetate, 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulfonate, cocamidopropyl betaine, cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phophatidic acid, dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine, and soy lecithin, and a mixture of any of them, and
(b) the group consisting of






wherein n is an integer from 2 to 22; and R and R? are fatty acid residues; and

(iii) a second monomer, wherein the second monomer is selected from the group consisting of a monomer comprising an acrylate, a monomer comprising a siloxane, a monomer comprising a glycidyl ether, a monomer comprising a vinyl group, a monomer comprising an epoxy group, and a monomer comprising a maleimide group.

US Pat. No. 11,066,556

POLYCARBONATE RESIN COMPOSITION

IDEMITSU KOSAN CO., LTD.,...


1. A polycarbonate-based resin composition, comprising:a polycarbonate-polyorganosiloxane copolymer (A-1) containing a polycarbonate block formed of a repeating unit represented by the following general formula (I) and a polyorganosiloxane block containing a repeating unit represented by the following general formula (II), the polyorganosiloxane block having an average chain length of 20 or more and less than 60;
a polycarbonate-polyorganosiloxane copolymer (A-2) containing a polycarbonate block formed of a repeating unit represented by the following general formula (I) and a polyorganosiloxane block containing a repeating unit represented by the following general formula (II), the polyorganosiloxane block having an average chain length of 60 or more and less than 500, and an amount of polyorganosiloxane in the polycarbonate polyorganosiloxane copolymer (A-2) is from 1 mass % to 10 mass %; and
a polycarbonate-based resin (A-3) except the polycarbonate-polyorganosiloxane copolymer (A-1) and the polycarbonate-polyorganosiloxane copolymer (A-2),
wherein a weight ratio “(A-1)/(A-2)” of the polycarbonate-polyorganosiloxane copolymer (A-1) to the polycarbonate-polyorganosiloxane copolymer (A-2) is from 60/40 to 99/1,
wherein the total amount of polyorganosiloxane in the polycarbonate-based resin composition is from 3% mass to 20% mass,
wherein a ratio of the polycarbonate-based resin (A-3) to a total weight of the polycarbonate-polyorganosiloxane copolymer (A-1), the polycarbonate-polyorganosiloxane copolymer (A-2), and the polycarbonate-based resin (A-3) is 10 mass % or more:




wherein R1 and R2 each independently represent a halogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, X represents a single bond, an alkylene group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkylidene group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, a cycloalkylene group having 5 to 15 carbon atoms, a cycloalkylidene group having 5 to 15 carbon atoms, a fluorenediyl group, an arylalkylene group having 7 to 15 carbon atoms, an arylalkylidene group having 7 to 15 carbon atoms, —S—, —SO—, —SO2—, —O—, or —CO—, R3 and R4 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, or an aryl group having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, and a and b each independently represent an integer of from 0 to 4; and
wherein the polycarbonate-based resin composition does not include a pigment and
wherein a 3 mm thick test piece formed of the polycarbonate based resin composition has a total light transmittance of at least 84%.

US Pat. No. 11,066,555

POLYCARBONATE-POLYORGANOSILOXANE COPOLYMER, POLYCARBONATE RESIN COMPOSITION INCLUDING SAME, AND MOLDED PRODUCT THEREOF

IDEMITSU KOSAN CO., LTD.,...


1. A polycarbonate-based resin composition, comprising:a polycarbonate-polyorganosiloxane copolymer (A) comprising polycarbonate blocks (A-1) each formed of a repeating unit represented by the following general formula (I); and
polyorganosiloxane blocks (A-2) each containing a repeating unit represented by the following general formula (II), wherein the polycarbonate-polyorganosiloxane copolymer satisfies the following expression (F1a):15?wM1??(F1a)

wherein wM1 represents an average content (mass %) of the polyorganosiloxane blocks (A-2) in polycarbonate-polyorganosiloxane copolymers each having a molecular weight determined by using a polycarbonate as a conversion reference of from 56,000 or more to 200,000 or less among polycarbonate-polyorganosiloxane copolymers obtained through separation of the polycarbonate-polyorganosiloxane copolymer by gel permeation chromatography;
an aromatic polycarbonate-based resin (B) except the polycarbonate-polyorganosiloxane copolymer (A); and
a polyester-based resin (C),
wherein the polyester-based resin (C) is blended with respect to 100 parts by mass of a total of the polycarbonate-polyorganosiloxane copolymer (A) and the aromatic polycarbonate-based resin (B), and
wherein a ratio of the polycarbonate-polyorganosiloxane copolymer (A) and the aromatic polycarbonate-based resin (B) in 100 mass % of a total amount of the polycarbonate-polyorganosiloxane copolymer (A) and the aromatic polycarbonate-based resin (B), and the polyester-based resin (C) is from 50 mass % or more to 99 mass % or less:




wherein R1 and R2 each independently represent a halogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, X represents a single bond, an alkylene group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkylidene group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, a cycloalkylene group having 5 to 15 carbon atoms, a cycloalkylidene group having 5 to 15 carbon atoms, a fluorenediyl group, an arylalkylene group having 7 to 15 carbon atoms, an arylalkylidene group having 7 to 15 carbon atoms, —S—, —SO—, —SO2—, —O—, or —CO—, R3 and R4 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, or an aryl group having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, and “a” and “b” each independently represent an integer of from 0 to 4.

US Pat. No. 11,066,554

MELTABLE INTUMESCENT FLAME RETARDANT COMPOSITIONS

QED Labs, Inc., Waltham,...


1. A composition comprising:a first polymer; and
at least one nitrogenous compound anchored to the first polymer, wherein the nitrogenous compound has a melting point in the range of ?50 to 400° C., wherein the nitrogenous compounds are selected from the group consisting of 1,3,5-triazine, 1,3,5-trimethylhexahydro-1,3,5-triazine, 3-amino-1,2,4-triazine, 2-amino-4,6-dichloro-1,3,5-triazine, 3-amino-5,6-dimethyl-1,2,4-triazine, 2-amino-4-methoxy-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazine, 2,4-diamino-6-methyl-1,3,5-triazine (acetoguanamine), 2,4-diamino-6-phenyl-1,3,5-triazine (benzoguanamine), 2,4-diamino-6-hydroxypyrimidine, 3,5-diamino-1,2,4-triazole, 2,4-diamino-6-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1,3,5-triazine, 2,5-diamino-1,3,4-thiadiazole, 1,2,3-triazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid, amitrol, 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole-5-thiol, 2,4-diamino-6-hydroxypyrimidine, 1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxylic acid, 2,4-diaminopyrimidine, 2,4,6-triaminopyrimidine, triamterene, and combinations thereof;
wherein the composition releases non-flammable gases from the nitrogenous compound upon exposure of the composition to flame.

US Pat. No. 11,066,553

IMIDAZOYL UREA POLYMERS AND THEIR USE IN METAL OR METAL ALLOY PLATING BATH COMPOSITIONS

Atotech Deutschland GmbH,...


1. An imidazoyl urea polymer comprising a polymeric building block according to formula (I)




wherein A represents a unit of one or both of the following formulae (A1) and (A2)




whereinX is a divalent residue selected from the group consisting of





wherein Z is selected from —CH2—, O, S; z and z? are integers independently ranging from 1 to 6, R and R? are monovalent residues each selected independently from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, aralkyl and —CH2—CH2—(OCH2CH2)y—OH wherein y is an integer from 1 to 4;R1 and R2 are divalent residues each selected independently from the group consisting of —(CH2)b— and —(CH2)b—[CH(R4)—CH2O]d—(CH2)e— wherein b is an integer ranging from 2 to 12; wherein c is an integer ranging from 0 to 3; d is an integer ranging from 1 to 100; e is an integer ranging from 1 to 3; each R4 is independently from each other selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl and hydrogen;
R3 is a divalent residue which is selected from the group consisting of alkylene, arylene and —(CH2)f[CH(R5)—CH2—O]g—(CH2)h—, wherein f is an integer ranging from 0 to 3; g is an integer ranging from 1 to 100; h is an integer ranging from 1 to 3; each R5 is independently from each other selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl and hydrogen;
a is an integer and ranges from 1 to 40; and
D is a divalent residue and is selected from the group consisting of —CH2—CH(OH)—CH2—, —CH2—CH(SH)—CH2—, —(CH2)i—[CH(R6)—CH2—O]j—(CH2)k— and —CH2—CH(OH)—(CH2)l—[CH(R7)—CH2—O]m—(CH2)n—CH(OH)—CH2—
wherein i is an integer ranging from 0 to 3; j is an integer ranging from 1 to 100; k is an integer ranging from 1 to 3; each R6 is independently from each other selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl and hydrogen; l is an integer ranging from 1 to 3; m is an integer ranging from 1 to 100; n is an integer ranging from 1 to 3; each R7 is independently from each other selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl and hydrogen;
wherein the individual units A may be the same or different, and
wherein the individual units D may be the same or different.

US Pat. No. 11,066,552

RESIN COMPOSITION AND ARTICLE MADE THEREFROM

ELITE ELECTRONIC MATERIAL...


1. A resin composition, comprising:a vinyl-containing polyphenylene ether resin; and
a multifunctional vinylsilane, comprising a compound of Formula (I), a compound of Formula (II) or a combination thereof:





US Pat. No. 11,066,549

(METH)ACRYLATE FUNCTIONALIZED POLY(METH)ACRYLATE-BLOCK-POLYIMIDE- BLOCK-POLY(METH)ACRYLATE COPOLYMER, PREPARATION METHOD AND USE THEREOF


1. A (meth)acrylate-functionalized block-copolymer represented by Formula I:



wherein m and n each independently represent an integer from about 1 to about 50, provided that m and n are not both 1 at the same time;
each R1 and R14 is independently selected from hydrogen or methyl;
each R2 is independently selected from a C1-C12 alkyl group;
each R3 is independently selected from —CH(CH3)— or —C(CH3)2—;
each R4 is independently selected from a C1-C12 alkylene group;
R5 is a divalent linking unit selected from a C6-C30 cycloaliphatic group or a C6-C30 arylene group; and
each A is a tetravalent linking unit independently selected from a C4-C14 aliphatic group, a C4-C30 cycloaliphatic group, a C6-C30 aryl group, an ether group, a sulfone group, a sulphide group, an amide group and an ester group.

US Pat. No. 11,066,544

OPTICAL RESIN COMPOSITION AND MOLDED ARTICLE

KANEKA CORPORATION, Osak...


1. An optical resin composition comprising:a thermoplastic resin and a cross-linked structure-containing polymer,
wherein the thermoplastic resin is an acrylic thermoplastic resin,
wherein a photoelastic constant of the cross-linked structure-containing polymer and a photoelastic constant of the thermoplastic resin are opposite in sign,
wherein a molded article with a thickness of 2 mm formed from the optical resin composition has a haze of 3.0% or less,
wherein the cross-linked structure-containing polymer comprises acrylic resin particles having a cross-linked polymer layer and a hard polymer layer, and
wherein the cross-linked structure-containing polymer has a cross-linked polymer containing as a structural unit a monomer represented by the following general formula (4) in the cross-linked structure:




wherein R9 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituted or unsubstituted linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms; R10 is a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic group having 1 to 24 carbon atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted alicyclic group having 1 to 24 carbon atoms, and has a homocyclic structure or a heterocyclic structure; 1 is an integer of 1 to 4; m is an integer of 0 to 1; and n is an integer of 0 to 10.

US Pat. No. 11,066,543

DISPERSANT ATTACHED POLYTETRAFLUOROETHYLENE PARTICLE, COMPOSITION, LAYERED MATERIAL, ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTORECEPTOR, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJIFILM Business Innovat...


1. A dispersant attached polytetrafluoroethylene particle comprising:a polytetrafluoroethylene particle, and
a dispersant having a fluorine atom,
wherein:
the dispersant is attached to a surface of the polytetrafluoroethylene particle,
a content of perfluorooctanoic acid is from 0.01 ppb to 25 ppb with respect to the dispersant attached polytetrafluoroethylene particle, and
the dispersant is a fluorinated alkyl group-containing polymer having a structural unit represented by the following formula (FA) and a structural unit represented by the following formula (FB):




wherein, in the formulae (FA) and (FB):
each of RF1, RF2, RF3 and RF4 independently represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group;
XF1 represents an alkylene chain, a halogen-substituted alkylene chain, —S—, —O—, —NH— or a single bond;
YF1 represents an alkylene chain, a halogen-substituted alkylene chain, —CfxH2fx-1(OH))— or a single bond;
QF1 represents —O— or —NH—;
each of fl, fm and fn independently represents an integer of 1 or more;
each of fp, fq, fr and fs independently represents 0 or an integer of 1 or more;
ft represents an integer of 1 to 7; and
fx represents an integer of 1 or more.

US Pat. No. 11,066,537

COMPOSITION, FILM, INFRARED CUT FILTER, SOLID IMAGE PICKUP ELEMENT, INFRARED SENSOR, CAMERA MODULE, AND NOVEL COMPOUND

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...


1. A composition comprising:a compound represented by the following Formula (1); and
at least one selected from the group consisting of a curable compound and a resin,




wherein, in Formula (1), R1 and R2 each independently represent a group represented by the following Formula (2) and having a solubility parameter of 12.2 (cal/cm3)1/2 or higher as a whole, R3 to R6 each independently represent a cyano group, an acyl group, an alkoxycarbonyl group, an alkyl group, an arylsulfinyl group, or a heteroaryl group, R7 and R8 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, an aryl group, a heteroaryl group, —BR9R10, or a metal atom, at least one of R7 or R8 and at least one of R1 to R4 may form a covalent bond or a coordinate bond, R9 and R10 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an alkyl group, an aryl group, a heteroaryl group, an alkoxy group, an aryloxy group, or a heteroaryloxy group, and R9 and R10 may be bonded to each other to form a ring, and*—X1-L1-Y1??(2)

in Formula (2), X1 represents a m-phenylene group, a p-phenylene group, a divalent fused polycyclic aromatic ring group in which two or more aromatic rings are fused, or a divalent heteroaromatic ring group, L1 represents a single bond or a divalent linking group, Y1 represents a polar group, and * represents a linking site to a pyrrolopyrrole ring in Formula (1).

US Pat. No. 11,066,536

OXYGEN SCAVENGERS, COMPOSITIONS COMPRISING THE SCAVENGERS, AND ARTICLES MADE FROM THE COMPOSITIONS

PLASTIPAK PACKAGING, INC....


1. A method for packaging an oxygen sensitive material comprising:(a) preparing a package having a wall comprising at least one layer, at least one of said layers comprising a composition comprising:(i) a base polymer;
(ii) a compound having a structure represented by a formula:







wherein Ar is aryl or heteroaryl;
wherein R1 represents five groups independently selected from hydrogen, halogen, C1-C4 alkyl, electron withdrawing groups, electron donating groups, and a structure represented by a formula:









wherein Ar2 is independently aryl or heteroaryl; and wherein Ar2 is independently substituted with 0, 1, 2, or 3 groups independently selected from halogen, C1-C4 alkyl, electron withdrawing groups and electron donating groups, and valence is satisfied;
wherein R10 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, —C(O)R20, and —C(O)Ar3;
wherein R20 is C1-C4 alkyl;
wherein each Ar3 is phenyl or naphthyl; and wherein each Ar3 is independently substituted with 0, 1, 2, or 3 groups independently selected from halogen, C1-C4 alkyl, —CO2R30; electron withdrawing group and electron donating groups, and valence is satisfied;
wherein R30, when present, is selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, —(CH2)nOH, and —CH2Ar4;
wherein n is an integer selected from 1 or 2;
wherein Ar4, when present, is aryl substituted with 0, 1, 2, and 3 groups selected from halogen, C1-C4 alkyl, and —C(O)NHCH2Ar5;
wherein each Ar5, when present, is aryl substituted with 0, 1, 2, or 3 groups independently selected from halogen, C1-C4 alkyl, electron withdrawing groups, electron donating groups, and a structure represented by a formula:










?wherein each R40, when present, is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, electron withdrawing groups, and electron donating groups;
?wherein each Ar6, when present, is aryl substituted with 0, 1, 2, and 3 groups independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, electron withdrawing groups, and electron donating groups;

wherein R2 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, —C(O)R50, and —C(O)Ar7;wherein R50 is C1-C4 alkyl;
wherein each Ar7 is aryl substituted with 0, 1, 2, and 3 groups independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, and electron withdrawing groups, and electron donating groups, and valence is satisfied; and


(iii) at least one transition metal in a positive oxidation state;

(b) introducing said oxygen sensitive material into said package; and
(c) closing said package.

US Pat. No. 11,066,532

PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF EXPANDED MATERIAL BASED ON SULFONE POLYMERS


1. A process for production of expanded material that includes a sulfone polymer, comprising:extruding, in an extruder, virgin sulfone polymer by injecting at least one expanding agent in presence of at least one nucleating agent to produce an expanded material; and
recycling a part of said expanded material to produce a recycled product, fed as a raw material to the extruder in combination with said virgin sulfone polymer.

US Pat. No. 11,066,530

OPHTHALMIC DEVICES CONTAINING UV BLOCKER AND METHODS FOR THEIR PREPARATION


1. A method for preparing an ophthalmic device containing an ultraviolet (UV) blocker comprising:(a) soaking an ophthalmic device in one or more first solvent solutions to swell the ophthalmic device;
(b) soaking the swelled ophthalmic device in one or more second solvent solutions comprising a UV blocker to de-swell the ophthalmic device and entrap the UV blocker in the ophthalmic device, wherein the UV blocker is a benzotriazole of formula I:





wherein each R is independently hydrogen, a halogen, an —O— group, a nitro group, a nitrile group, an alkoxy group, a hydroxyl group, an alkyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an alkynyl group, an alkene group, an aromatic group, an amine group, a carbonyl group, and a heterocyclic group, R* is a linear or branched C3 to C28 alkyl, a nitro group, a nitrile group, an alkoxy group, a hydroxyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an alkynyl group, an alkene group, an aromatic group, an amine group, a carbonyl group, and a heterocyclic group, and R** is hydrogen, a linear C1 to C8 alkyl group, a branched C3 to C8 alkyl, a halogen, a nitro group, a nitrile group, an alkoxy group, a hydroxyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an alkynyl group, an alkene group, an aromatic group, an amine group, a carbonyl group, and a heterocyclic group; and(c) sterilizing the de-swelled ophthalmic device.

US Pat. No. 11,066,525

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SEPARATING LIGNOCELLULOSE PARTICLE FRACTION AND LIGNIN PARTICLE FRACTION, LIGNIN PARTICLE COMPOSITION, LIGNOCELLULOSE PARTICLE COMPOSITION AND THEIR USE

UPM-KYMMENE CORPORATION, ...


1. A method for separating a lignocellulose particle fraction and a free lignin particle fraction from crude lignin, the method comprising:adding a stabilizing chemical and, optionally, a hydro-phobic chemical into the crude lignin in at least one step, such that the lignocellulose particle fraction remains suspended through chemical interaction and the free lignin particle fraction is separated from suspension, wherein the crude lignin is formed from a wood or plant-based raw material using hydrolysis, wherein the stabilizing chemical is selected from the group consisting of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), polyanionic cellulose (PAC), ethylhydroxyethyl cellulose, methyl cellulose, native guar gum, modified guar gum, native starch, modified starch, pectin, glycogen, callose, chrysolaminarin, native hemicellulose, modified hemicellulose, xylan, mannan, galactomannan, galactoglucomannan (GGM), arabinoxylan, glucuronoxylan, xyloglucan, fucoidan, dextran, alginate, and any combination thereof; and
separating the free lignin particle fraction and the lignocellulose particle fraction from the crude lignin in at least one solid-solid separation step, wherein the crude lignin has not been dissolved or digested in a solvent prior to the solid-solid separation, and wherein the free lignin particle fraction is removed as an underflow in the solid-solid separation step.

US Pat. No. 11,066,523

PHOTOCHROMIC POLYROTAXANE COMPOUND AND CURABLE COMPOSITION COMPRISING THE PHOTOCHROMIC POLYROTAXANE COMPOUND

TOKUYAMA CORPORATION, Sh...


1. A photochromic polyrotaxane compound which is a polyrotaxane compound comprising an axial molecule and a plurality of cyclic molecules clathrating the axial molecule, wherein a side chain containing a photochromic moiety is bonded to at least one of the cyclic molecules, and the cyclic molecules are cyclodextrin rings.

US Pat. No. 11,066,520

VINYL-MODIFIED MALEIMIDE, COMPOSITION AND ARTICLE MADE THEREBY

ELITE MATERIAL CO., LTD.,...


1. A vinyl-modified maleimide made from the reaction of 4-vinylbenzyl amine with aliphatic long chain maleimide, wherein the aliphatic long chain maleimide comprises an aliphatic long chain maleimide having a structure unit represented by one of the following formula (6) and formula (7)




wherein n=1 to 10; or




wherein n=1 to 10, and the reaction ratio (part by weight) of the 4-vinylbenzyl amine to the aliphatic long chain maleimide is 20:80 to 35:65.

US Pat. No. 11,066,518

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR THE PRODUCTION OF POLYAMIDE 6 WITH LOW EXTRACT CONTENT

Technip Zimmer GmbH


1. A method for the production of polyamide 6 with low extract content, comprising the steps ofa) providing a melt of non-extracted polyamide 6;
b) feeding the melt into a degasification device which is connected with a vacuum generation device;
c) extracting of ?-caprolactam and oligomers from the melt in vacuum;
d) feeding the extracted polyamide 6 melt from the degasification device into a further processing,
wherein,
the vacuum generation device comprises an upstream pre-separator which is cooled with coolant,
between the degasification device and the pre-separator, a direct condenser is arranged,
the direct condenser is operated with liquid ?-caprolactam which is circulated, wherein for maintaining a constant circulation amount continuously, an amount of ?-caprolactam which corresponds to the condensed extract amount is removed, and
one or more entraining agents are metered and mixed into the melt in the degasification device,
wherein the degasification device comprisesa metering site;
a gas feed, a solid metering or a liquid feed at the metering site;
a mixing device for mixing an entraining agent into the melt;
wherein at least one of the entraining agents is ?-caprolactam.


US Pat. No. 11,066,516

POLYCARBONATE RESIN COMPOSITION AND OPTICAL MOLDED ARTICLE USING THE SAME

LG Chem, Ltd., Seoul (KR...


1. A polycarbonate resin composition comprising:100 parts by weight of a polycarbonate;
0.02 to 1 part by weight of a block copolymer containing a polyethylene oxide (PEO) block represented by the following chemical formula 1 and a polypropylene oxide (PPO) block represented by the following chemical formula 2; and
0.01 to 5 parts by weight of a vinyl-based polymer including a (meth)acrylate repeating unit containing an epoxy functional group,
wherein the vinyl-based polymer including a (meth)acrylate repeating unit containing an epoxy functional group has a weight average molecular weight of 1,000 to 10,000 g/mol:




in the above formulas 1 and 2,
n and m are each independently an integer of 1 or more, and
n+m is 7 to 70.

US Pat. No. 11,066,513

MULTICOLORED ELECTROCHROMIC POLYMER COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING THE SAME

Furcifer Inc., Fremont, ...


1. A method for preparing at least a portion of an electrochromic polymer, the method comprising:combining three or more monomer units in a solvent, wherein the three or more monomer units comprise complementary reactive functional groups; and the monomer units each comprise an aromatic ring, a heteroaromatic ring, fused aromatic rings, or fused heteroaromatic rings; and
cross-coupling the combined monomer units to yield ?-conjugated copolymer sequences in spaced relation with one another, each ?-conjugated copolymer sequence comprising at least three of the monomer units; and at least one of the ?-conjugated copolymer sequences comprising





, wherein:
m is an integer greater than 0, and each of R1, R2, R3, R4, R5 and R6 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C30 alkyl, C2-C30 alkenyl, C2-C30 alkynyl, C2-C30 alkylcarbonyl, C1-C30 alkoxy, C3-C30 alkoxyalkyl, C2-C30 alkoxycarbonyl, C4-C30 alkoxycarbonylalkyl, C1-C30 aminylcarbonyl, C4-C30 aminylalkyl, C1-C30 alkylaminyl, C1-C30 alkylsulfonyl, C3-C30 alkylsulfonylalkyl, C6-C18 aryl, C3-C15 cycloalkyl, C3-C30 cycloalkylaminyl, C5-C30 cycloalkylalkylaminyl, C5-C30 cycloalkylalkyl, C5-C30 cycloalkylalkyloxy, C1-C12 heterocyclyl, C1-C12 heterocyclyloxy, C3-C30 heterocyclylalkyloxy, C1-C30 heterocyclylalkyloxy, C1-C30 heterocyclylaminyl, C5-C30 heterocyclylalkylaminyl, C2-C12 heterocyclylcarbonyl, C3-C30 heterocyclylalkyl, C1-C13 heteroaryl, C3-C30 heteroarylalkyl, or substituted analogs thereof, and

at least one of the adjacent ?-conjugated copolymer sequences is separated by a non-conjugated flexible spacer.

US Pat. No. 11,066,510

EPOXY RESIN COMPOSITION, PROCESS FOR PRODUCING SAME, AND USES OF SAID COMPOSITION

SUMITOMO SEIKA CHEMICALS ...


1. A method of improving adhesion strength of a cured product of an epoxy resin composition to metal, the method comprising:(1) mixing an epoxy resin, an acid anhydride-based curing agent, and a curing accelerator,
(2) applying the mixture of step (1) on a metal, and
(3) curing the mixture of step (1) on the metal,
wherein the epoxy resin is represented by the formula (1):




wherein X is a divalent group obtained by removing two hydrogen atoms from a hydrocarbon ring, or a divalent group represented by the formula (2):




wherein Y is a bond, a C1-6 alkylene group, an oxygen atom (—O—), or a group represented by the formula: —S(O)m— wherein m is 0, 1, or 2;
R1 is the same or different, and is a C1-18 alkyl group, a C2-9 alkenyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an aryl group, or an aralkyl group, wherein one or more carbon atoms of these groups may be replaced by at least one atom selected from the group consisting of an oxygen atom and a nitrogen atom;
R2 is the same or different, and is a C1-18 alkylene group, wherein one or more carbon atoms of this group other than a carbon atom directly bonded to a silicon atom may be replaced by at least one atom selected from the group consisting of an oxygen atom and a nitrogen atom;
R3 is the same or different, and is a C1-18 alkyl group, a C2-9 alkenyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an aryl group, or an aralkyl group, wherein one or more carbon atoms of these groups may be replaced by at least one atom selected from the group consisting of an oxygen atom and a nitrogen atom; and
n is the same or different, and is an integer of 0 to 3, and
wherein the curing accelerator is a tertiary amine compound or an imidazole compound.

US Pat. No. 11,066,507

SOLID CYANOACRYLATE COMPOSITIONS


1. A curable composition comprising:(i) a cyanoacrylate component, and
(ii) a thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) component,
wherein the TPU component (ii) has a mass average molar mass Mw from about 5000 to about 250000,
and wherein said TPU component (ii) is soluble at a temperature of 65° C. in the cyanoacrylate component up to at least 40% by weight based on the total weight of the cyanoacrylate component,
and wherein said TPU component (ii) is based on a polyol that is based on at least one of a diol or a dicarboxylic acid characterised in that at least one of said diol or dicarboxylic acid has greater than 10 carbon atoms (>C10) in the main chain,
and wherein the TPU component (ii) has a glass transition temperature of from about ?60° C. to about 0° C., and a melting point of from about 30° C. to about 100° C. as measured by differential scanning calorimetry in accordance with ISO11357,
and wherein the TPU component (ii) is present in the curable composition in an amount from about 1 wt % to about 60 wt %, wherein the weight percentages are based on the total weight of the composition,
and wherein the curable cyanoacrylate component (i) is selected from the group consisting of ethyl cyanoacrylate, butyl cyanoacrylate, ?-methoxy cyanoacrylate and combinations thereof,
and wherein the curable composition is solidified in a cylindrically shaped stick.

US Pat. No. 11,066,506

POLYMER COMPOSITION AND COATINGS PREPARED FROM THE SAME

NIPSEA TECHNOLOGIES PTE L...


1. A composition comprising:(a) at least one epoxy-modified dendritic polyester polyol having a plurality of peripheral functional groups,said peripheral functional groups comprising:terminal hydroxyl functional groups, and
at least one epoxy functional group,

said epoxy-modified dendritic polyester polyol being represented by a compound of Formula IIA







wherein








?represents the backbone of said epoxy-modified dendritic polyester polyol, U refers to a linker moiety formed between an isocyanate linker and the epoxy functional group, m and n are positive integers, and 2?m+n?64, and L is selected from the group consisting of:








2,6-tolylene, and combinations thereof, wherein * represents an attachment point to the —N?C?O group; and


(b) at least one melamine-based crosslinker, said melamine-based crosslinker is tris(alkoxycarbonylamino)triazine (“TACT”),wherein about 45% or less of said peripheral functional groups are said epoxy functional groups.


US Pat. No. 11,066,505

THICKENING AGENT FOR AQUEOUS SYSTEMS, FORMULATIONS CONTAINING SAME AND USES THEREOF

COATEX, Genay (FR)


1. A water-soluble thickening polyurethane obtained by reacting a mixture comprising:at least one polyethoxylated alcohol of formula




wherein:
p and q are integers at least one of which is non zero,
p+q=9 and
n is an integer or a decimal number of 25 to 40,
a) at least one poly(alkylene glycol) having a molecular mass of from 2,000 g/mol to 20,000 g/mol and
b) at least one polyisocyanate.

US Pat. No. 11,066,504

AQUEOUS POLYURETHANE DISPERSIONS

Taminco, Ghent (BE)


1. A process for the preparation of a prepolymer (P) for use in the method for the manufacturing of an aqueous polyurethane dispersion, comprising reacting in the presence of a b-pyrrolidone selected from the group consisting of N-n-butylpyrrolidone, N-isobutylpyrrolidone, N-sec-butylpyrrolidone and N-tert-butylpyrrolidone, a mixture (M) which comprises:(a) at least one polyisocyanate compound (a),
(b) at least one polyol compound (b), having a molecular weight Mw of 200 to 8000 and a hydroxyl functionality of 1.5 to 6,
(c) at least one water dispersible enhancing component having at least one hydrophilic group or potentially hydrophilic group [component (WDH), herein after] and comprising:i. x mmol/kg of at least one water dispersible enhancing compound having at least one anionic hydrophilic group or potentially anionic hydrophilic group [compound (WDHA), herein after], and/or
ii. y mmol/kg of at least one water dispersible enhancing compound having at least one non-ionic hydrophilic group or potentially non-ionic hydrophilic group [compound (WDHN) herein after], and/or
iii. z mmol/kg of at least one water dispersible enhancing compound having at least one cationic hydrophilic group or potentially cationic hydrophilic group [compound (WDHC), herein after],
iv. w mmol/kg of at least one water dispersible enhancing compound having at least one zwitterionic hydrophilic group or potentially zwitterionic hydrophilic group [compound (WDHZ), herein after],wherein







and at least one of x, y, z or w is different from 0 and all mmol/kg are based on the weight of all the components initially present in the mixture (M),(d) optionally, at least one isocyanate-reactive compound [compound (I)] herein after], different from the polyol compound (b) and different from the component (WDH), having reactive groups chosen among an alcoholic hydroxyl group or primary or secondary amino group; and
(e) optionally, at least one isocyanate monofunctional reactive compound.

US Pat. No. 11,066,502

MALEATE-BASED COPOLYMERS AND METHODS FOR PREPARING THE SAME

PolyVation Cosmeterials B...


1. An N-vinyl lactam copolymer prepared by the process comprising reacting about 1-99 mole % of a vinyl lactam monomer (A), and about 99-1 mole % of a derivatized maleate monomer (B), wherein A/B?1; A+B=100 mole %; and (A) and (B) are defined according to the following general formula:



wherein n is 1 or 2;
R1 and R2 are each independently hydrogen or methyl; and
R3 and R4 are each independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl groups, aryl groups, organometallic groups, and heteroalkyl and heteroaryl groups comprising at least one heteroatom other than carbon or hydrogen, with the proviso that both R3 and R4 are not hydrogen and R3 and R4 are selected so the resultant monomer (B) forms a weak di-monomer complex with (A); and
wherein said reacting is performed by solution polymerization in a solvent or solvent mixture in which both the lactam monomer (A), the maleate monomer (B) and the resultant copolymer are freely soluble in, wherein the mixture of the monomers is fed to the reaction mixture as a pre-mixed monomer solution over a predetermined period of time, and wherein (A) and (B) form a weak di-monomer complex and the resultant copolymer is predominantly an alternating copolymer.

US Pat. No. 11,066,501

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING AN AQUEOUS LATEX COMPRISING PARTICLES OF A FLUOROPOLYMER

SOLVAY SPECIALTY POLYMERS...


1. A method for manufacturing an aqueous latex comprising particles of polymer (F), wherein polymer (F) is a fluoropolymer essentially consisting of:from 60% to 85% by moles of recurring units derived from tetrafluoroethylene (TFE),
from 15% to 40% by moles of recurring units derived from vinylidene fluoride (VDF),
from 1.0% to 5% by moles of recurring units derived from at least one perfluoroalkylvinylether (PAVE) of formula (I):CF2?CF—O—Rf??(I)
wherein Rf is a C1-C6 alkyl group or a C1-C6 (per)fluoroalkyl group, and

optionally, from 0 to 10% by moles of recurring units derived from at least one fluorinated monomer different from tetrafluoroethylene (TFE), vinylidene fluoride (VDF), and perfluoroalkylvinylether (PAVE) of formula (I),
wherein the molar amounts of said recurring units are relative to the total moles of recurring units in said polymer (F),said polymer (F) possessing melting point (Tm) comprised between 170° C. and 300° C., where the melting point is determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) according to ASTM D 3418 standard method,
said method comprising polymerizing TFE, VDF and optionally said fluorinated monomer by emulsion polymerization in an aqueous polymerization medium comprising at least one surfactant (F) of formula (II):






wherein X1, X2 and X3, equal to or different from each other, are independently selected from the group consisting of H, F and C1-C6 (per)fluoroalkyl groups, optionally comprising one or more catenary or non-catenary oxygen atoms, L is a bond or a divalent group, RF is a divalent fluorinated C1-C3 bridging group, and Y is an anionic functionality, and said method comprising feeding a gaseous blend of TFE and VDF for maintaining polymerization pressure comprised between 6 bar and 20 bar.


US Pat. No. 11,066,500

CROSSLINKABLE SURFACTANTS

Dow Global Technologies L...


1. A monomer emulsion composition comprising a pre-emulsion of: a crosslinkable surfactant comprising a reaction product of (a) Tung oil acid and (b) at least one alkylene oxide forming a Tung oil derivative, wherein the Tung oil derivative has the following chemical Structure (II):



wherein R is hydrogen, SO3? or PO3?, R? is hydrogen or C1-C6 alkyl group, and n is a number value of from 1 to 15; or




wherein R1 and R2, each individually, is an alkyl having from C1 to about C10 carbon atoms, an aryl having from C5 to about C10 carbon atoms, a polyol, a polyol ester, hydrogen, SO3?, or PO3?, and wherein R1 and R2 can be the same or different;at least one monomer; and
water.


US Pat. No. 11,066,498

COPOLYMER HAVING LOW CYCLIC OLIGOMER CONTENT

ARLANXEO SINGAPORE PTE. L...


2. A copolymer composition comprising a copolymer of at least one isoolefin monomer and at least one multiolefin monomer in mixture with at least one cyclic oligomer, wherein the copolymer composition is in a slurry,the copolymer composition produced by polymerizing the at least one isoolefin monomer with the at least one multiolefin in a slurry process at a temperature of less than or equal to ?95° C. in a diluent comprising 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoro-l-propene (HFO-1234yf),
the copolymer composition has a total cyclic oligomer content of less than 1000 ppm, wherein the cyclic oligomers include C13 cyclic oligomers and C21 cyclic oligomers, wherein a ratio of the C21 cyclic oligomers to the C13 cyclic oligomers is less than 1.5.

US Pat. No. 11,066,495

PHOSPHAGUANIDINE GROUP IV METAL OLEFIN POLYMERIZATION CATALYSTS

Dow Global Technology LLC...


1. A polymerization catalyst system comprising the phosphaguanidine complex according to formula I:



whereR1 and R5 are independently selected from hydride, aliphatic, heteroaliphatic, aromatic, and heteroaromatic moieties;
R2 and R4 are independently selected from aliphatic moieties, heteroaliphatic moieties, aromatic moieties, and heteroaromatic moieties;
R3 is a lone pair of electrons;
M is selected from titanium, zirconium, and hafnium;
each X is selected from aliphatic moieties, aromatic moieties, NRN2 moieties and halogen atoms, wherein RN is selected from alkyl, aryl, or heteroaryl moieties; and
each dotted line optionally defines a bridging connection.


US Pat. No. 11,066,494

AMINE BRIDGED ANILIDE PHENOLATE CATALYST COMPOUNDS

ExxonMobil Chemical Paten...


1. A catalyst compound represented by Formula 4):




wherein:M is a group 4 metal;
R1 is an aromatic group or substituted aromatic group;
each of R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10, R11, R12, R13, and R14 is independently hydrogen, C1-C40 hydrocarbyl, C1-C40 substituted hydrocarbyl, a heteroatom or a heteroatom-containing group, or two or more of R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10, R11, R12, R13, and R14 are joined together to form a C4-C62 cyclic or polycyclic ring structure;
each X is independently C1-C20 hydrocarbyl, C1-C20 substituted hydrocarbyl, a heteroatom or a heteroatom-containing group, or two or more Xs join together to form a C4-C62 cyclic or polycyclic ring structure.

US Pat. No. 11,066,493

CATALYST INJECTION SYSTEM FOR AN OLEFIN POLYMERIZATION REACTOR

NOVA Chemicals (Internati...


1. A method for delivering a multi-component olefin polymerization catalyst to a polymerization reactor, the method comprising:feeding at least one catalyst component soluble in a first solvent to a catalyst component mixing conduit via a first catalyst component delivery conduit;
feeding at least one catalyst component soluble in a second solvent to the catalyst component mixing conduit via a second catalyst component delivery conduit which is disposed within the first catalyst component delivery conduit;
wherein the at least one catalyst component soluble in the first solvent and the at least one catalyst component soluble in the second solvent come into contact with one another within the catalyst component mixing conduit before being expelled from the catalyst component mixing conduit into the polymerization reactor.

US Pat. No. 11,066,491

CATIONIC POLYMERS AND POROUS MATERIALS

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...


1. A cationic polymer comprising the structure:



where A is nitrogen or phosphorus and B is nitrogen or phosphorus;
where R5 is a branched or unbranched hydrocarbon chain having a carbon chain length of from 1 to 10,000 carbon atoms;
where each of R6, R7, R8, R9, R10, R11, R12, and R13 are hydrogen atoms or hydrocarbons, and where each of the hydrocarbons optionally comprises one or more heteroatoms; and
where n is from 10 to 10,000,000.

US Pat. No. 11,066,489

BIS-PHENYL-PHENOXY POLYOLEFIN CATALYSTS HAVING TWO METHYLENETRIALKYLSILICON LIGANDS ON THE METAL FOR IMPROVED SOLUBILITY

Dow Global Technologies L...


1. A catalyst system comprising a metal-ligand complex according to formula (I):



where:M is a metal chosen from titanium, zirconium, or hafnium, the metal being in a formal oxidation state of +2, +3, or +4;
each X is selected from the group consisting of —(CH2)SiRX3, each RX is independently a (C1-C30)hydrocarbyl or a (C1-C30)heterohydrocarbyl, and at least one RX is (C2-C30)hydrocarbyl, and any two RX or all three RX are optionally covalently linked;
n is 1 or 2;
each Z is independently chosen from —O—, —S—, —N(RN)—, or —P(RP)—;
R1 and R16 are independently selected from the group consisting of —H, (C1-C40)hydrocarbyl, (C1-C40)heterohydrocarbyl, —Si(RC)3, —Ge(RC)3, —P(RP)2, —N(RN)2, —ORC, —SRC, —NO2, —CN, —CF3, RCS(O)—, RCS(O)2—, N?C(RC)2, RCC(O)O—, RCOC(O)—, RCC(O)N(R)—, (RC)2NC(O)—, halogen, radicals having formula (II), radicals having formula (III), and radicals having formula (IV):







where each of R31—R35, R41—R48, and R51—R59 is independently chosen from —H, (C1-C40)hydrocarbyl, (C1-C40)heterohydrocarbyl, —Si(RC)3, —Ge(RC)3, —P(RP)2, —N(RN)2, —ORC, —SRC, —NO2, —CN, —CF3, RCS(O)—, RCS(O)2—, (RC)2C?N—, RCC(O)O—, RCOC(O)—, RCC(O)N(RN)—, (RC)2NC(O)—, or halogen,

provided that at least one of R1 or R16 is a radical having formula (II), a radical having formula (III), or a radical having formula (IV);
each of R2—R4, R5—R8, R9—R12, and R13—R15 is independently selected from —H, (C1-C40)hydrocarbyl, (C1-C40)heterohydrocarbyl, —Si(RC)3, —Ge(RC)3, —P(RP)2, —N(RN)2—ORC, —SRC, —NO2, —CN, —CF3, RCS(O)—, RCS(O)2—, (RC)2C?N—, RCC(O)O—, RCOC(O)—, RCC(O)N(R)—, (RC)2NC(O)—, and halogen;
L is (C2-C40)hydrocarbylene or (C2-C40)heterohydrocarbylene; and
each RC, RP, and RN in formula (I) is independently a (C1-C30)hydrocarbyl, (C1-C30)heterohydrocarbyl, or —H,

wherein the metal-ligand complex according to formula (I) has a wt % solubility ratio W/Y of at least 1.5, wherein W is the wt % solubility of the metal-ligand complex of formula (I) in methylcyclohexane (MCH) at standard temperature and pressure (STP); wherein Y is the wt % of a corresponding comparative metal-ligand complex of formula (Ia) in MCH at STP; and
wherein the corresponding comparative complex has a structure according to formula (Ia):




?in which M, each Z, each R1—R16, and L all are identical to corresponding groups of the metal-ligand complex according to formula (I).

US Pat. No. 11,066,488

BIARYL PHENOXY GROUP IV TRANSITION METAL CATALYSTS FOR OLEFIN POLYMERIZATION

Dow Global Technologies L...


1. A catalyst system comprising a metal-ligand complex according to formula (I):




whereM is a metal selected from the group consisting of titanium, zirconium, hafnium, the metal having a formal oxidation state of +2, +3, or +4;
each X is a monodentate or bidentate ligand independently selected from the group consisting of unsaturated (C2-C20)hydrocarbon, unsaturated (C2-C50)heterohydrocarbon, (C1-C50)hydrocarbyl, (C6-C50)aryl, (C6-C50)heteroaryl, cyclopentadienyl, substituted cyclopentadienyl, (C4-C12)diene, halogen, —N(RN)2, and —NCORC;
n is 1, 2 or 3;
m is 1 or 2;
the metal-ligand complex has 6 or fewer metal-ligand bonds;
each Y is independently selected from oxygen or sulfur;
each R1, R2, R3, and R4 is independently selected from the group consisting of (C1-C50)hydrocarbyl, (C1-C50)heterohydrocarbyl, (C6-C50)aryl, (C4-C50)heteroaryl, —Si(RC)3, —Ge(RC)3, —P(RP)2, —N(RN)2, —ORC, —SRC, —NO2, —CN, —CF3, RCS(O)—, RCS(O)2—, (RC)2C?N—, RCC(O)O—, RCOC(O)—, RCC(O)N(R)—, (RC)2NC(O)—, halogen, and —H;
each R5 is independently chosen from (C1-C50)hydrocarbyl, (C1-C50)heterohydrocarbyl, (C6-C50)aryl, (C4-C50)heteroaryl, —Si(RC)3, and —Ge(RC)3, and, when m is 2, two R5 are optionally covalently linked;
for each individual ring containing groups z1, z2, and z3, each of z1, z2, and z3 is independently selected from the group consisting of sulfur, oxygen, —N(RR)—, or —C(RR)—, provided that at least one and not more than two of z1, z2, and z3 are —C(RR)—, where RR is —H or (C1-C30)hydrocarbyl, wherein any two RR groups bonded to neighboring atoms are optionally linked;
each RC, RN, and RP in formula (I) is independently a (C1-C30)hydrocarbyl.