US Pat. No. 11,028,552

ARRANGEMENT IN THE HOISTING APPARATUS OF A WORK MACHINE, HOISTING APPARATUS OF A WORK MACHINE, AND WORK MACHINE

1. An arrangement in a hoisting apparatus of a work machine, the hoisting apparatus comprising:a boom with an end;
pressure-medium lines;
a rotation device comprising:
a fixed part;
a rotating part fitted to the fixed part rotatably in a vertical rotation axis defined by a longitudinal direction of the rotation device and comprising an interface on an under-surface of the rotating part for a tool to be attached to the rotation device; and
connectors arranged on both sides of the fixed part of the rotation device relative to a plane defined in a longitudinal direction of the boom and the longitudinal direction of the rotation device for connecting the pressure-medium lines to the rotation device; and
a pivoted joint arranged for suspending the rotation device on the boom, the pivoted joint including two consecutive pivots in a longitudinal direction of the rotation device, the two consecutive pivots having respective rotational axes arranged at right-angles to each other, one of the two pivots being on the boom side of the pivoted joint and including spaced apart lugs;
whereinh the pressure-medium lines are routed from the end of the boom to the rotation device between the lugs, past the connectors of the fixed part of the rotation device in the longitudinal direction of the rotation device and to turn towards the connectors to form a hose loop, and from the loop to the connectors for the connecting of the pressure-medium lines to the rotation device.

US Pat. No. 11,028,551

FOUNDATION FOR A TOWER OF A WIND-TURBINE

NABRAWIND TECHNOLOGIES, S...

10. A method of constructing a foundation, the method comprising:forming first, second and third vertical holes in the ground, each of the first second and third vertical holes having a depth;
inserting a first, second and third main reinforcement respectively inside each of the first, second and third vertical holes, each of the first, second and third main reinforcements being formed by a plurality of horizontal rings and a plurality of vertical bars attached to one another forming respective first, second and the third cylindrical frameworks that respectively extend around a contour of the first, second and third vertical holes, each of the first, second and third main reinforcements having a length that extends along an entire depth of the respective first, second and third vertical holes;
installing a first, second and third bolt cage inside an upper portion of the respective first, second and third main reinforcements, each of the first, second and third bolt cages respectively including a first, second and third upper collar, the first, second and third bolt cages being arranged such that each of the first, second and third upper collars protrude from a level of the ground;
with the use of first, second and third leveling elements extending between the first, second and third upper collars and arranged 60 degrees from one another, arranging the first second and third bolt cages so that the first, second and third upper collars are level with one another; and
after the first, second and third upper collars are level with one another, pouring concrete into each of the first, second and third vertical holes to encase the first, second and third main reinforcement and first, second and third bolt cage inside the respective first, second and third vertical holes.

US Pat. No. 11,028,550

PIER BRACKET ASSEMBLY

Independence Materials Gr...

1. A pier bracket for use in an anchor assembly including one or more structural piers inserted a depth into ground using a drive assembly after securing the pier bracket to a structure, the pier bracket securing the one or more structural piers to the structure and being configured for supporting the structure, the pier bracket comprising:an L-shaped seat including a base plate, and an upper plate extending from the base plate, wherein the seat is configured to be operatively coupled to the structure;
a tubular member fixedly mounted to the seat, wherein an entirety of an upper end of the tubular member is fixedly mounted below a top portion of the upper plate; and
wherein, in a sliding configuration, the tubular member slidably receives a sleeve, the sleeve slidably receives the one or more structural piers for insertion of the one or more structural piers into the ground, and a proximal end of the sleeve is located below the top portion of the upper plate.

US Pat. No. 11,028,549

OFFSHORE DRILLING AND A CONFIGURABLE SUPPORT STRUCTURE FOR THE SAME

1. An offshore bottom supported wellhead platform comprising:a configurable support structure for supporting at least respective upper parts of two or more conductors, the upper part of each conductor comprising an upper end through which one or more well processing tasks can be performed, the configurable support structure including support structures extending to the seabed such that the wellhead platform is supported by the seabed,
wherein the offshore bottom supported wellhead platform allows movement of the upper part of each of the two or more conductors between a first and a second position of each of the two or more conductors, the first and second positions of a conductor corresponding to first and second positions, respectively, of the upper end of said conductor,
wherein the configurable support structure supports the two or more conductors at least at said first position,
where the second positions of a plurality of said two or more conductors are a shared second position corresponding to a shared second position of the upper ends of the plurality of said two or more conductors, at which each of said plurality of conductors may be selectively placed,
wherein the offshore bottom supported wellhead platform allows performance, by a well processing station, through a well center of said well processing station, without lateral displacement of the well processing station or its well center, of a well processing task through the upper end of a conductor of said plurality of said two or more conductors, when positioned at said shared second position, and a subsequent well processing task through the upper part of another conductor of said plurality of said two or more conductors, when subsequently positioned at said shared second position; and
wherein, when one of said two or more conductors is the shared second position, the configurable support structure is adapted to apply one or more counter forces to one or more other conductors of said two or more conductors in a direction opposite the movement of the one of said two or more conductors between said first position and said second positions to relieve stress to the wellhead platform.

US Pat. No. 11,028,548

DEVICE FOR PROTECTING THE SHORELINE AGAINST THE RISKS OF SUBMERGENCE FROM THE SEA, COMPRISING A CURVED FRONT FACE AND PROTECTING DIKE COMPRISING A PLURALITY OF ALIGNED PROTECTION DEVICES

13. A protective device (18) designed to be aligned with other protective devices so as to form a protective dike, the protective device (18) comprising:a curved front face (30) designed to divert water of a wave upward then drive the water of the wave back in a direction of an outflow of the wave;
a weighted container positioned behind the curved front face (30), the weighted container comprising bag (48) with side walls,
wherein one of the side walls forms the curved front face (30) and comprises at least one sleeve (56) located in a plane perpendicular to lower (30I) and upper (30S) edges of the front face (30) and extends between the lower and upper edges (30I) and (30S) of the front face (30); and
for each sleeve (56), a stiffener (58) inserted in the sleeve (56), the stiffener (58) being a stiff elongated element whose profile is adapted as a function of a desired curvature for the front face (30).

US Pat. No. 11,028,547

AVALANCHE SHOVEL AND TENT

Werz Innovations GmbH, S...

1. An avalanche shovel (10) comprising:a shaft (12) having a grip section (16) that is formed and/or arranged at one shaft end (14), and
an avalanche probe (24) which is configured to be arranged in the shaft (12) of the avalanche shovel (10),
wherein the grip section (16) has a grip area (18) for gripping and/or holding the avalanche shovel (10) and/or such a grip area (18) is formed on the grip section (16),
wherein the grip section (16) has an insertion and/or removal opening (22) for removal of the avalanche probe (24) from the shaft (12) and/or for insertion of the avalanche probe (24) into the shaft (12) along an insertion axis (26), and
wherein a cap (44) is arranged and/or formed at one end of the shaft (12), in a region of the insertion and/or removal opening (22).

US Pat. No. 11,028,546

CONCRETE BARRIER-WALL ELEMENT AND METHOD OF PRODUCING

DELTA BLOC INTERNATIONAL ...

1. A concrete barrier-wall element having a combined reinforcing element, the concrete barrier-wall element having a repelling profile on at least one longitudinal side opposite longitudinal sides, wherein the repelling profile is a New Jersey profile or a step profile, the combined reinforcing element comprising:longitudinal reinforcing bars; and
bows extending transversely to the longitudinal reinforcing bars and connecting to the longitudinal reinforcing bars;
wherein the reinforcing element has at least a first region, the first region being formed substantially similar to the repelling profile of the concrete barrier-wall element;
wherein the longitudinal reinforcing bars and the bows make up a two-dimensional curved grid, and the reinforcing element is formed substantially as a curved surface;
wherein, on an upper side, the reinforcing element connects to another reinforcing element having another repelling profile to form the combined reinforcing element, the repelling profile of the reinforcing element facing away from the other repelling profile of the other reinforcing element;
wherein the combined reinforcing element is introduced into a casting mold; and
wherein the casting mold is cast with concrete to form the concrete barrier-wall element.

US Pat. No. 11,028,545

MOBILE TRAFFIC BARRIER

Vandorf MB 1 Inc.

1. A traffic barrier, comprising:a body, the body comprising:
a skirt section, extending upwards and having a positive slope;
an intermediate section comprising a lower portion that extends upwards from the skirt section, a central portion that extends upwards from the lower portion, and an upper portion that extends upwards from the central portion;
the lower portion having a positive slope having an angle greater than the slope of the skirt;
the upper portion having a negative slope;
a head section above the upper portion;
the head section having a negative slope having an angle less than the slope of the upper portion;
a first end, and an opposite second end; and,
a vertical end channel formed on each of the first and second ends;
a lower tension bar located within the skirt section, having a lower first tab extending through the channel of the first end and having a lower second tab extending through the channel of the second end;
an upper tension bar located within the head section, having an upper first tab extending through the channel of the first end and having an upper second tab extending through the channel of the second end; and,
the upper first tab and lower first tab of a first traffic barrier being pivotally connectable to the upper second tab and lower second tab of an adjacent second traffic barrier.

US Pat. No. 11,028,544

INDESTRUCTIBLE MAILBOX POST

1. A mailbox post for supporting a mailbox in an upright orientation above a ground surface, comprising:a post having an upper length capable of supporting the mailbox and a lower length for securement in the ground surface, a hollow opening in an end of each of the upper length and the lower length;
a coupling sleeve received within each hollow opening
an upper spring stub having a cylindrical cross section with a first end received within the coupling sleeve of the upper length,
a lower spring stub having a cylindrical cross section with a first end received within the coupling sleeve of the lower length, and
a spring element receiving a second end of the upper spring stub and a second end of the lower spring stub such that the spring element abuts a corresponding upper length and lower length, the spring element interposed between the upper length and the lower length proximal to the ground surface when the lower length of the post is secured in the ground.

US Pat. No. 11,028,543

APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR SMART ROADWAY STUD CONTROL AND SIGNALING

MZC Foundation, Inc., At...

1. A roadway stud comprising:a processor;
a wireless communication interface electrically coupled with the processor and configured to communicate with a local control system positioned above a roadway;
a vehicle detector electrically coupled with the processor, wherein:
the vehicle detector includes a magnetic sensor;
the processor is configured for:
recording a magnetic field change detected by the magnetic sensor adjacent to the roadway stud including a magnitude, an orientation, and a duration of the magnetic field change; and
transmitting a roadway stud identifier, a timestamp, the magnitude, the orientation, and the duration of the magnetic field change to the local control system via the wireless communication interface; and
the local control system is configured for:
determining a size of a vehicle based on the magnitude; and
determining a speed of the vehicle based on the duration; and
wirelessly communicating with additional roadway studs positioned along a path of the roadway;
and
a light source electrically coupled with the processor, wherein the processor is further configured to illuminate the light source upon receiving a first activation signal from the local control system via the wireless communication interface, wherein the light source and the vehicle detector are configured to allow the roadway stud to be installed to identify a lane boundary to a driver of the vehicle and to detect the magnetic field change.

US Pat. No. 11,028,542

PORTABLE WINDBREAK SHELTER ASSEMBLY

1. A portable windbreak shelter assembly comprising:a shelter frame, said shelter frame having a front, a back, a bottom face, and a first lateral side face, and a second lateral side face, said first lateral side face and said second lateral side face extending upwardly from respective opposite edges of said bottom face and meeting to define an apex of said shelter frame extending between said front and said back; and
a covering coupled to said shelter frame wherein said covering and said shelter frame are configured to inhibit wind from passing through said shelter frame to define a sheltered interior space;
a hook coupled to said shelter frame, said hook extending from said shelter frame wherein said hook is configured for being engaged by a lifting mechanism of a vehicle to lift and move said shelter frame; and
a gate coupled to said shelter frame, said gate comprising an array of spaced elongated members defining a grid configured for allowing air to pass through said gate while inhibiting an animal from passing through said shelter frame while said gate is in a shut position.

US Pat. No. 11,028,541

MODULAR BRIDGE SYSTEM

1. A portable bridge system that is configured to be transportable so as to facilitate installation in a location wherein the portable bridge system comprises:a deck member, said deck member being rigid and rectangular in shape, said deck member having a first end and a second end, said deck member having an upper surface, said upper surface of said deck member configured to have humans traverse thereacross;
at least two support members, wherein said at least two support members are located at opposing ends of said deck member, said at least two support members being comprised of a plurality of structural members, said plurality of structural members formed to create the at least two support members, said at least two support members have an opening, said opening of said at least two support members being of suitable size to allow an upright human being traverse therethrough, said at least two support members having a bottom portion and an upper portion, said deck member being releasably secured to the bottom portion of the at least two support members;
a top frame member, said top frame member being superposed the upper portion of said at least two support members, said top frame member configured to structurally couple the upper portion of the at least two support members so as to provide in combination with the deck member a rigid structural assembly of the portable bridge system; and
a pair of side panels, said pair of side panels being mounted to opposing sides of the at least two support members, said pair of side panels extending between the at least two support members, said pair of side panels being located proximate the bottom portion of the at least two support members, wherein the pair of side panels further include a plurality of vertical support members and a plurality of horizontal support members structurally coupled to create the pair of side panels.

US Pat. No. 11,028,540

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR A HOLD-DOWN ASSEMBLY

Carlson Paving Products, ...

1. A heating element hold-down assembly adapted for use on a screed having a screed frame and a screed plate, said heating element hold-down assembly comprising:(a) a heating element, said heating element being adapted to be removably mounted on the screed;
(b) a hold-down mechanism, said hold-down mechanism being removably mounted on the screed and comprising:
(i) a hold-down mechanism frame, said hold-down mechanism frame being adapted to contact the heating element;
(ii) a resilient device, said resilient device being adapted to move between an expanded position and a contracted position;
(iii) a tension shaft, a portion of said tension shaft being adapted to contact the resilient device;
(iv) a means for removably attaching the tension shaft to the hold-down mechanism frame, said means for removably attaching the tension shaft to the hold-down mechanism frame being disposed in the lower portion of the tension shaft;
(v) an adjustment means, said adjustment means being adjustably connected to the screed frame so as to contact the tension shaft;
wherein the hold-down mechanism is adapted to maintain contact between the heating element and the screed plate when the screed moves, flexes, or is adjusted.

US Pat. No. 11,028,537

DISPERSIBLE WET WIPES CONSTRUCTED WITH PATTERNED BINDER

KIMBERLY-CLARK WORLDWIDE,...

1. A dispersible wet wipe comprising:a layer of cellulosic fibers comprising a first sub-layer of wetlaid tissue and a second sub-layer of airlaid tissue, the layer having a first surface and a second surface;
a first binder applied in a coating on the first surface, wherein the coating comprises randomly distributed deposits of the first binder; and
a second binder applied in an intermittent pattern on the first surface to define first regions on the first surface that include first binder but no second binder and to define second regions on the first surface that include both first binder and second binder.

US Pat. No. 11,028,536

DEFIBRATED MATERIAL MANUFACTURING DEVICE, AND SHEET MANUFACTURING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A defibrated material manufacturing device comprising:a defibrator configured to defibrate feedstock containing fiber and produce defibrated material; and
a first feedstock supply unit and a second feedstock supply unit that are configured to supply the feedstock to the defibrator, each of the first feedstock supply unit and the second feedstock supply unit including
a conveyance device configured to convey the feedstock,
a storage device configured to accumulate the feedstock conveyed from the conveyance device and supply the feedstock to the defibrator, and
a measuring device configured to measure a weight of the feedstock accumulated on the storage device,
the first feedstock supply unit and the second feedstock supply unit alternately supplying the feedstock accumulated on each storage device to the defibrator, when the weight of the feedstock accumulated on the each storage device reaches a specific level.

US Pat. No. 11,028,534

BELT OR FABRIC INCLUDING POLYMERIC LAYER FOR PAPERMAKING MACHINE

STRUCTURED I, LLC, Great...

1. A fabric or belt for a papermaking machine comprising:a first layer that defines a web contacting surface, the first layer being made of extruded polymer and comprising:
a plurality of first elements aligned in a first direction;
a plurality of second elements aligned in a second direction and extending over the plurality of first elements; and
a plurality of open portions defined by the plurality of first and second elements; and
a second layer made of woven fabric that supports the first layer, wherein the first layer is bonded to the second layer so as to form an interface between the first and second layers that comprises bonded and unbonded portions and airflow channels that extend in both a machine direction and a cross direction within a plane parallel to the first and second layers, and
wherein the fabric or belt is a structuring fabric configured for use on a papermaking machine.

US Pat. No. 11,028,533

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROCESSING WHITE WATER IN A PAPER MACHINE

Valmet Aktiebolag, Sunds...

1. A de-air system for processing a whitewater spray ejected through a forming wire of a paper machine having a frame and a machine direction, the de-air system comprising:channels defined by walls shaped to direct a portion of the whitewater spray away from the machine direction, the channels open at entrances proximate to the forming wire and terminating at liquid outlets of the de-air system; and
air outlets providing for air evacuation from the channels;
wherein the channels are configured such that at least one of:
a) between the respective entrances and liquid outlets of the de-air system, and excluding the air outlets, there is no substantial fluid communication between the channels;
b) the walls comprise side walls for which a majority of the side walls is within 10 degrees of vertical; or
c) less than 5% of a cross-sectional area of the channels is intersected by a free upstream end of a component that disrupts flow through the channels.

US Pat. No. 11,028,532

DEVICE AND PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF NANOCELLULOSE

JAROLIM FASERTECHNIK GmbH...

1. A device for the production of nanofibers from a fiber-containing substance mixture, the device including:at least one discharge element with a discharge opening, for the outlet of a fiber-containing substance mixture;
at least one feeding device for the supply of the fiber-containing substance mixture at the discharge element with a predeterminable process pressure;
at least one positioning device for the positioning of the at least one discharge elements; and
a moveable processing body for disintegrating of the fiber-containing substance mixture is arranged opposite relative to at least one discharge element, wherein on the outlet of the fiber-containing substance mixture through the discharge element a slit-like processing area between the discharge element and a substance mixture-affected partial area of the moveable processing body is formed.

US Pat. No. 11,028,530

FOLDING GUIDE HANGER

1. A folding guide hanger comprising:a first folding guide half, the first folding guide half being a rectangular prism having a first front face, a first rear face, a first top face, a first bottom face, a first left face, and a first right face, the first top face having a hook aperture extending through to the first bottom face;
a hanger hook coupled to the first folding guide half, the hanger hook having a hooked portion, a shaft portion, and a flared end coupled to the shaft portion, the shaft portion being coupled within the hook aperture with the flared end adjacent the first bottom face;
a hinge coupled to the first folding guide half, the hinge being coupled to the first right face;
a second folding guide half coupled to the hinge, the second folding guide half being a rectangular prism having a second front face, a second rear face, a second top face, a second bottom face, a second left face, and a second right face, the second left face being coupled to the hinge, the second folding guide half having an extended position aligned with the first folding guide half and an alternate folded position with the second front face adjacent the first front face;
wherein the first folding guide half and the second folding guide half assist in folding an article of clothing when moving from the extended position to the alternate folded position, the first folding guide half and the second folding guide half functioning as a clothes hanger when in the folded position; and
a pair of attachment mechanisms, the pair of attachment mechanisms comprising a first attachment mechanism coupled within the first front face of the first folding guide half proximal the first left face and a second attachment mechanism coupled within the second front face of the second folding guide half proximal the second right face, the first attachment mechanism being selectively engageable with the second attachment mechanism to maintain the first folding guide half and the second folding guide half in the folded position.

US Pat. No. 11,028,529

METHOD FOR ACTIVELY DECREASING THE TEMPERATURE OF A HEATABLE SOLEPLATE IN A TEXTILE TREATMENT DEVICE

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A method of operating a textile treatment device comprising a heatable soleplate intended to be in contact with a textile for treating the textile, the method comprising:detecting a classification of the textile being treated, the classification being defined as at least one of a fabric type of the textile or a fabric level of delicateness for treating the textile;
setting a first temperature target for the heatable soleplate;
detecting movement of said textile treatment device; and
when no movement of said textile treatment device is detected during more than a given first time duration, actively decreasing a temperature of the heatable soleplate, more quickly than natural thermal leakage, to a first given temperature having a value below said first temperature target.

US Pat. No. 11,028,528

CLOTHES DRYER FIRE REDUCTION SYSTEM

1. A fire reduction system for a clothes dryer comprising:an oxygen generator having an ambient air intake, an oxygen gas outlet, and a nitrogen gas outlet wherein the oxygen generator separates the ambient air into an oxygen gas rich composition which exits through the oxygen gas outlet and a nitrogen gas rich composition which exits through the nitrogen gas outlet;
a heater fluidly connected to the nitrogen outlet; and
a drum fluidly connected to the heater.

US Pat. No. 11,028,527

LAUNDRY TREATING APPLIANCE FOR DRYING LAUNDRY

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

12. A method of operating a laundry treating appliance with a treating chamber for treating a load of laundry the method comprising:heating a water supply to a predetermined temperature to form a hot water rinse;
supplying the hot water rinse to the treating chamber during a hot rinse cycle;
rotating the treating chamber at a tumbling speed;
spinning the treating chamber in an extraction cycle to remove excess moisture from the load of laundry;
sensing a parameter indicative of a remaining moisture content value in the load of laundry;
comparing the remaining moisture content value to a pre-determined remaining moisture content value; and
repeating the hot rinse cycle and the extraction cycle until the remaining moisture content value is less than the pre-determined remaining moisture content value.

US Pat. No. 11,028,526

CLOTHES CARE APPARATUS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A clothes care apparatus comprising:a body;
a clothes care compartment provided inside the body to receive clothes;
a machine room provided inside the body and separated from the clothes care compartment;
a printed circuit board housing forming one side wall of the machine room, forming a partition to separate a receiving space from the machine room, and ventilating the receiving space by circulating a flow of ambient air from outside the body; and
a printed circuit board assembly arranged in the receiving space to be cooled by the ambient air circulating through the receiving space from the outside of the body.

US Pat. No. 11,028,525

APPARATUS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. An apparatus management system, comprising:a bathroom heating and drying apparatus configured to control an air environment in a bathroom space;
an input unit configured to receive an input of a time of arrival, the time of arrival being a time required for a person to arrive at a building including the bathroom space; and
a control terminal connected to the bathroom heating and drying apparatus to transmit and receive information to and from the bathroom heating and drying apparatus,
the control terminal including:
a condition acquisition unit connected to the input unit and configured to acquire operation information, including the time of arrival, related to a control condition of the bathroom heating and drying apparatus;
a control condition determination unit configured to determine the control condition of the bathroom heating and drying apparatus, based on the operation information including the time of arrival acquired by the condition acquisition unit; and
an operating unit configured to operate the bathroom heating and drying apparatus under the control condition determined by the control condition determination unit.

US Pat. No. 11,028,524

POSITIVE-NEGATIVE-ROTATION FAN FOR CLOTHES DRYER, AND CLOTHES DRYER

QINGDAO HAIER WASHING MAC...

1. A clothes dryer, comprising:a positive-negative rotation fan including multiple first fan blades arranged on a periphery of an outer frame of the fan, multiple second fan blades arranged on the periphery of the outer frame of the fan;
a volute, wherein a chamber of the volute is of a symmetrical structure, the fan is located in the chamber of the volute and a center of the fan is located on a symmetry axis of the chamber of the volute; and
a flow guide device arranged on one side of the fan towards an outlet of the volute, and a clearance is formed between the flow guide device and a periphery of the fan, wherein
the flow guide device is symmetrical in structure and a center of the flow guide device is set on the symmetry axis of the chamber of the volute,
the flow guide device is of an inverted T shape, and includes a bottom plate and a vertical part connected with the bottom plate and located in a middle of the bottom plate,
wherein a base surface of the bottom plate is toward the fan, a free end of the vertical part is away from the bottom plate and toward the outlet of the volute, the vertical part is perpendicular to the base surface of the bottom plate, and the base surface of the inverted T-shaped flow guide device is an arc surface which extends along the periphery of the fan.

US Pat. No. 11,028,523

LAUNDRY TREATING APPARATUS HAVING A CLEANING NOZZLE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A laundry treating apparatus, comprising:a main body having a tub, a drum disposed inside the tub, and a circulation path to circulate air from the tub;
a lint filter provided in the circulation path;
a lint filter nozzle provided in the circulation path to inject water to the lint filter;
a first water supply passage having one side connected to a water supply source and another side connected to the lint filter nozzle;
a first water supply valve to open and close the first water supply passage;
an rpm sensor to sense an rpm of the drum; and
a controller configured to:
determine that the laundry treating apparatus is to operate in a drying course;
when the laundry treating apparatus is determined to operate in the drying course, determine when the sensed rpm of the drum is more than a prescribed rpm; and
in response to the determination that the sensed rpm of the drum during the drying course is more than the prescribed rpm, control the first water supply valve to supply water to the lint filter nozzle during the drying course, and
wherein the prescribed rpm is set such that water dropping toward the drum through the lint filter bounces to outside of the drum by a rotation force of the drum without being introduced into the drum,
wherein the controller is configured to control the first water supply valve to be opened and closed a prescribed number of times such that water is intermittently supplied to the lint filter when the rpm of the drum sensed by the rpm sensor, during the drying course, is more than the prescribed rpm.

US Pat. No. 11,028,522

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE INTAKE OF WASHING LIQUID IN A LAUNDRY WASHING MACHINE, AND LAUNDRY WASHING MACHINE ACTUATING THAT METHOD

ELECTROLUX HOME PRODUCTS ...

1. A method for managing a load of washing liquid in a laundry washing machine comprising a washing tub, in which washing liquid may be loaded, and a rotatable drum, rotatably accommodated in the washing tub, for containing laundry to be washed, the method including performing a sequence of partial loads of washing liquid into said washing tub, each partial load providing for loading a corresponding liquid amount in the washing tub, wherein the method comprises for at least one of said partial loads in the sequence, loading into the washing tub a predetermined amount of washing liquid which depends on a washing liquid level of the washing liquid required for a selected washing program and at least one indicative parameter related to a measured level of free washing liquid in one or more of the previous partial loads in the sequence, wherein the predetermined amount of washing liquid for each partial load is directly measured via a metering device configured to measure an exact amount of washing liquid loaded into the washing tub, and transmit a reading of the measured amount to a control unit of the laundry washing machine, wherein the at least one indicative parameter includes a time for the measured level of free washing liquid to fall below a minimum level from an end of a previous partial load, a total amount of washing liquid loaded by the previous partial loads, and a number of adjustment loads performed, wherein each of the adjustment loads includes loading an additional predetermined amount of washing liquid in the washing tub in accordance with an assessment by the control unit, wherein the additional predetermined amount is less than the previous partial load and is less than a next partial load.

US Pat. No. 11,028,521

FABRIC TREATING APPLIANCE COMPRISING A BULK DISPENSER

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A bulk dispenser for a fabric treating appliance comprising:a tank defining a bulk dispensing reservoir;
a timer valve fluidly coupled to the bulk dispensing reservoir; and
a time selector carried by the tank and operably coupled to the timer valve and having non-time selection indicia corresponding to at least one characteristic of load amount, liquid volume, or soil level;
wherein the timer valve is a mechanical timer valve and the time selector is an input movably mounted to the tank wherein the physical position of the input sets an activation time for the mechanical timer valve.

US Pat. No. 11,028,520

LAUNDRY TREATING APPARATUS

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A laundry treating apparatus comprising:a housing;
a tub located in the housing and configured to receive washing water;
a drum located in the tub and configured to rotate, the drum being configured to receive laundry;
a top cover located vertically above the housing and configured to cover an upper portion of the tub and an upper portion of the drum;
a driving unit fixed to a bottom of the tub to rotate the drum;
a door rotatably coupled to the top cover to selectively communicate inside of the tub and outside of the tub;
a detergent box configured to receive detergent and communicate with the tub, the detergent box including a main detergent box located at a first side of the top cover and a secondary detergent box located at a second side of the top cover;
a distributor located at a rear portion of the top cover and configured to receive washing water from an external water supply source and to distribute washing water;
a detergent water supply pipe connected to the distributor, the detergent water supply pipe comprising a main detergent water supply pipe configured to supply washing water to the main detergent box and a secondary detergent water supply pipe configured to supply washing water to the secondary detergent box; and
a tub water supply pipe connected to the distributor and configured to supply washing water to the tub,
wherein the top cover comprises:
a distributor holder configured to receive the distributor,
a detergent box holder that is located outside of the door at positions corresponding to a left side of the door and a right side of the door, the detergent box holder comprising a main detergent box holder located at a first side of the top cover and configured to receive the main detergent box, and a secondary detergent box holder located at a second side of the top cover and configured to receive the secondary detergent box, and
a first pass through that allows the detergent water supply pipe to extend from the distributer to a lower portion of the top cover.

US Pat. No. 11,028,519

WASHING MACHINE HAVING CIRCULATION NOZZLES

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A washing machine comprising:a casing having a front surface that defines an input port configured to receive laundry;
a tub located in the casing and configured to receive water, the tub defining a tub opening that communicates with the input port;
a drum located in the tub and configured to receive laundry, the drum being configured to rotate relative to the tub;
a pump configured to pump, to the tub, water discharged from the tub;
a circulation conduit configured to guide water from the pump;
a gasket having an inner circumferential surface that defines a channel that extends between the input port and the tub opening;
a plurality of nozzles located at the inner circumferential surface of the gasket and configured to spray water into the drum; and
a nozzle water supply conduit configured to couple to the gasket and to supply, to the plurality of nozzles, water pumped by the pump,
wherein the nozzle water supply conduit comprises:
a circulation inlet port connected to the circulation conduit;
a transfer conduit comprising:
a first conduit portion that extends upwardly from the circulation inlet port along an outer circumferential surface of the gasket and that is located at a first side of the gasket, and
a second conduit portion that extends upwardly from the circulation inlet port along the outer circumferential surface of the gasket and that is located at a second side of the gasket;
a plurality of first nozzle water supply ports that protrude from the first conduit portion to the gasket and that are connected to two or more of the plurality of nozzles at the first side of the gasket; and
a plurality of second nozzle water supply ports that protrude from the second conduit portion to the gasket and that are connected to two or more of the plurality of nozzles at the second side of the gasket.

US Pat. No. 11,028,518

WASHING MACHINE HAVING BLADE FOR CIRCULATING WASH WATER

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A washing machine comprising:an inner tub assembly configured to receive laundry;
a pulsator rotatably provided to an inner lower portion of the inner tub assembly;
a blade installed below the pulsator and rotatable independently from the pulsator, the blade being configured to pump wash water to raise the wash water to an upper end of the inner tub assembly;
a drive motor configured to provide power for rotating the pulsator and the blade;
a washing shaft configured to transmit rotational power of the drive motor;
a power transmission unit configured to transmit the rotational power of the drive motor to the pulsator and the blade; and
a jig disposed between the pulsator and the blade and coupled to the power transmission unit, the jig being fastened to an inner bottom surface of the inner tub assembly,
wherein the power transmission unit comprises:
a sun gear connected to the washing shaft and configured to rotate with the washing shaft,
a plurality of planetary gears configured to rotate based on engaging with an outer circumferential surface of the sun gear,
a carrier comprising a plurality of planetary gear connection shafts that connect the plurality of planetary gears, that penetrate center portions of the plurality of planetary gears, and that are coupled to the plurality of planetary gears,
a ring gear having an inner side engaged with the plurality of planetary gears, and
a gearbox housing that is fixed to the jig and that accommodates the sun gear, the plurality of planetary gears, the ring gear, and the carrier,
wherein the blade is configured to rotate with the sun gear, and
wherein an upper surface of the jig is in contact with a lower surface of the gearbox housing.

US Pat. No. 11,028,517

WASHING MACHINE APPLIANCE AND METHODS FOR OUT-OF-BALANCE DETECTION AND MITIGATION

Haier US Appliance Soluti...

1. A method for operating a washing machine appliance, the washing machine appliance comprising a wash tub, a wash basket rotatably mounted within the wash tub for receiving a load of articles, an agitation element rotatably mounted within the wash basket, a measurement device mounted to the wash tub, and a motor mechanically coupled to the wash basket and the agitation element, the method comprising:flowing a volume of water into the wash tub;
obtaining a wet load weight;
obtaining a displacement threshold based at least in part on the wet load weight;
operating the motor to spin the wash basket at a first speed;
measuring a displacement amplitude of the wash tub using the measurement device, wherein the displacement amplitude comprises at least one of the displacement or rotation of the wash tub;
determining that the displacement amplitude exceeds the displacement threshold; and
operating the motor to rotate the agitation element to agitate or redistribute the load of articles in response to determining that the displacement amplitude exceeds the displacement threshold.

US Pat. No. 11,028,516

WASHING MACHINE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A washing machine comprising:a body configured to have an inlet formed in a front surface thereof;
a washing tub configured to be rotatably disposed in the body, accommodate a laundry injected through the inlet therein, and have a cylindrical shape; and
a plurality of protruding portions configured to protrude from an inner circumferential surface of the washing tub toward an inner portion of the washing tub to form a pattern,
wherein each protruding portion, of the plurality of protruding portions, includes a front end portion adjacent to the inlet, a central portion connected to the front end portion and a rear end portion connected to the central portion,
wherein the front end portion and the rear end portion transition to the central portion along curving arcs in a helix direction from a portion adjacent to the inlet in a direction that becomes distant from the inlet, and the front end portion and the rear end portion are formed in parallel with a shaft of the washing tub, and
wherein each protruding portion, of the plurality of protruding portions, includes a plurality of recessed portions formed in a length direction from the front end portion to the rear end portion of the protruding portion, and the plurality of recessed portions comprise an oval shape extended in the length direction from the front end portion to the rear end portion of the protruding portion.

US Pat. No. 11,028,515

WASHING MACHINE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A washing machine comprising:a cabinet;
a tub provided in the cabinet to store washing water;
a drum rotatably provided in the tub about a rotation axis, the drum comprising a cylindrical portion configured to form a side surface of the drum;
a pulsator configured to be rotatable about the rotation axis independently of the drum and having a radius equal to a distance from the rotation axis to an outer edge of the pulsator; and
a flange shaft mounted to the cylindrical portion of the drum and configured to transmit a rotational force to the drum, including a seating groove located at a radius of the flange shaft outside of the radius of the pulsator,
wherein the drum comprises a rear cover disposed in one side of the cylindrical portion, the rear cover comprising a seating flange on an innermost circumferential surface of the rear cover disposed outside of the radius of the pulsator and seated in the seating groove.

US Pat. No. 11,028,514

METHOD TO CONTROL A WASHING MACHINE AND A WASHING MACHINE

Electrolux Appliances Akt...

1. A method to control a washing machine, the washing machine including a tub and a drum, the drum being rotatably mounted inside the tub and configured to contain laundry to be washed, the method comprising:setting a washing cycle among a plurality of washing cycles;
calculating a first weight of laundry in the drum before water is supplied to the drum and/or tub;
comparing the first weight to a first threshold;
calculating a first duration of the set washing cycle on the basis of the first weight;
displaying the first duration;
(a) upon determining that the first weight is above the first threshold:
introducing water into the tub,
calculating a second weight of the laundry present into the drum,
calculating a second duration of the set washing cycle on the basis of the second weight, and
displaying the second duration in place of the first duration; and
(b) upon determining that the first weight is below or equal to the first threshold:
gradually updating the first duration while executing the set washing cycle.

US Pat. No. 11,028,513

LOOP GRIPPER HANDLING DEVICE AND HANDLING UNIT AND PROCESS FOR HANDLING LOOP GRIPPER MODULES

Groz-Beckert KG, Albstad...

1. A loop gripper handling device comprising:a clamping device (12) with a plurality of clamping receptacles (34-43) arranged in a row, wherein individual ones of the plurality of clamping receptacles are configured to hold individual ones of a plurality of moveable sliders (24-33) that are disposed in a loop gripper module (11) such that each of the plurality of moveable sliders held in the plurality of clamping receptacles is held in a fixed axial position relative to an other of the plurality of moveable sliders held in the plurality of clamping receptacles.

US Pat. No. 11,028,512

SEWING MACHINE AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER-READABLE MEDIUM

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A sewing machine comprising:a holder with which is removably mounted an embroidery frame configured to hold a sewing object;
a movement portion including a movement motor and configured to move the holder in two predetermined directions using a driving force of the movement motor;
a needle bar having a lower end with which a sewing needle is mountable;
a sewing portion including a drive shaft motor and configured to move the needle bar up and down using a driving force of the drive shaft motor;
an input portion;
a processor configured to control the movement portion and the sewing portion; and
a memory configured to store computer-readable instructions that, when executed by the processor, instruct the processor to perform processes comprising:
acquiring embroidery data to sew a plurality of patterns in a predetermined sewing order, the embroidery data including a plural pieces of pattern data and at least one piece of partition data, the plural pieces of pattern data and the at least one piece of partition data being alternately allocated in the embroidery data, the plural pieces of pattern data being allocated in the sewing order, each of the plural pieces of pattern data being the pattern data to sew corresponding pattern from among the plurality of patterns, each of the at least one piece of partition data representing a boundary between two pieces of the pattern data successive in the sewing order from among the plural pieces of pattern data;
associating, for each of the plural pieces of pattern data included in the embroidery data, a sewing position of the corresponding pattern with the pattern data;
stopping driving of the movement portion and the sewing portion when one of the at least one piece of partition data included in the embroidery data is read out;
driving the movement portion and the sewing portion in accordance with a next piece of pattern data and the sewing position associated with the next piece of pattern data, when a sewing start command is received via the input portion during a stop period in which the driving of the movement portion and the sewing portion is stopped, after starting sewing on the basis of the embroidery data, the next piece of pattern data being next in the sewing order included in the embroidery data;
receiving a change command, which is input via the input portion, to change, for each of at least one piece of target pattern data, the sewing position associated with the pattern data, during the stop period, each of the at least one piece of target pattern data being the pattern data to sew a target pattern, the target pattern being a target of the change from among the plurality of patterns; and
when the change command is received, changing, for each of the at least one piece of target pattern data, the sewing position associated with the pattern data in accordance with the change command.

US Pat. No. 11,028,511

SEWING TEMPLATE DEVICE AND SYSTEM

Awesome Things That Work,...

1. A sewing template system for use with a workpiece support frame that is configured to support a workpiece on a first support rail and a second support rail so that a sewing machine, having a sewing machine foot, is able to sew a portion of the workpiece positioned between the first support rail and second support rail, the system comprising:a frame base configured to rest on the first support rail;
a first extension having a first proximal end and a first distal end, the first proximal end coupled to the frame base and the first distal end extending away from the frame base;
a second extension having a second proximal end and a second distal end, the second proximal end coupled to the frame base and the second distal end extending away from the frame base, wherein the first extension and second extension are parallel to each other, and wherein the first extension and second extension are coupled to the frame base so that the first extension and second extension are separated from each other;
a first rail retainer coupled to the first distal end and configured to rest on the second support rail;
a second rail retainer coupled to the second distal end and configured to rest on the second support rail;
a frame top having a first end and a second end, wherein the first end is configured to be coupled to the first distal end, wherein the second end is configured to be coupled to the second distal end;
a frame aperture formed by the frame base, first extension, second extension, and frame top when the first end is coupled to the first distal end and the second end is coupled to the second distal end; and
a guide that extends across the frame aperture between the first extension and the second extension, wherein the guide is supported above the workpiece by the first extension and the second extension.

US Pat. No. 11,028,510

SYSTEM FOR MANUFACTURE OF BULLETPROOF COMPONENTS, SHEETS, AND GARMENTS WITH HIGH MODULUS STRONG FIBERS HELD IN A POLYAMIDE MATRIX

1. A method for manufacturing a nylon bulletproof fabric for stitching a bulletproof garment, comprising the steps of:a) preparing an adhesive by heating glycol to a temperature of 180° C. and adding thereto melt-spun nylon fibers or washed nylon fibers harvested from recycled nylon carpet materials, the nylon fibers being chopped to lengths of 1 to 5 inches;
b) adding chopped nylon fibers to said heated glycol and dissolving all the nylon fibers to form a gel;
c) cooling the glycol with dissolved nylon fibers to 150° C. to precipitate ultrafine nylon particles;
d) placing a plurality of parallel high strength fibers in layers, each layer being inclined at an angle with respect to a previous layer so that the fibers carry a bullet penetration load in several directions to prevent the entry of a bullet through the fabric;
e) passing cooled glycol at 150° C. with precipitated nylon particles through the fiber assembly so that the external surface of the fibers is coated with ultrafine nylon precipitated particles;
f) heating said adhesive coated assembled fiber assembly to a temperature at 180° C. for sufficient time to bond the nylon fibers;whereby the bonded fibers form a bulletproof nylon sheet that resists bullet penetration forces in all directions and prevents entry of said bullet through the fabric.

US Pat. No. 11,028,509

METHOD FOR FORMING A BASE KNIT SUITABLE FOR MANUFACTURING HERNIA PROSTHESES AND HERNIA PROSTHESES OBTAINED THEREFROM

SOFRADIM PRODUCTION, Tre...

1. A method for forming a prosthetic base knit made of two parallel sheets of porous knits including a first sheet of porous knit and a second sheet of porous knit, said two parallel sheets being joined together in a discrete manner by a plurality of connecting porous knits spaced apart from each other, said method comprising knitting on a warp knitting machine comprising two needle-beds, a first needle-bed comprising a first guide bar B1, a second guide bar B2 and a third guide bar B3, and a second needle-bed comprising a fourth guide bar B4, a fifth guide bar B5 and a sixth guide bar B6, yarns of a biocompatible material threaded in said first, second, third, fifth and sixth guide bars, according to a defined knitting pattern unit along a warp direction of the warp knitting machine, said pattern unit corresponding to a total number of N courses ranging from 1 to N completed along said warp direction on each needle-bed, and according to a defined threading-in unit repeated along a width of the warp knitting machine, said threading-in unit corresponding to a total number T of needles along said width of the warp knitting machine, N and T being each an integer equal or greater than 5, whereini) for needles ranging from 1 to T and courses ranging from 1 to N, patterns followed by the first and second guide bars produce on the first needle-bed said first sheet of porous knit under a form of a first bidimensional porous knit, and patterns followed by the fifth and sixth guide bars produce on the second needle-bed said second sheet of porous knit under a form of a second bidimensional porous knit, and
ii) for needles ranging from w to z, where 1?w

US Pat. No. 11,028,508

METHOD FOR MAKING ASSEMBLED TEXTILE PRODUCTS

LONATI S.P.A., Brescia (...

1. A method for making assembled textile products, the method comprising steps of:arranging an open piece of fabric, the open piece of fabric being made by: (i) producing a tubular knitted fabric by means of a circular knitting machine for hosiery or by means of a circular knitting machine for knitwear, (ii) pulling the tubular fabric produced by the knitting machine over a support so as to stretch the tubular fabric and such that a least a portion of an inner surface of the tubular fabric contracts the support and an outer surface of the tubular fabric faces away from the support, (iii) applying a heat adhesive material onto at least a first portion of an outer surface of the tubular fabric pulled over the support such that the heat adhesive material firmly adheres onto the tubular fabric, and (iv) cutting the tubular fabric onto which the heat adhesive material has been applied, so as to produce the open piece of fabric;
cutting the open piece of fabric according to predefined cutting lines to obtain one or more parts of a textile product to be assembled; and
assembling a plurality of parts, which includes the one or more cut parts, obtained from the open piece of fabric or from a plurality of pieces of fabric to result in an assembled textile product.

US Pat. No. 11,028,507

FABRIC, IN PARTICULAR CARPET, AND METHOD OF WEAVING A FABRIC

1. Fabric having a shadow effect, comprising:a backing fabric having binding warp yarns repeatedly crossing each other for providing weft receiving openings, tension warp yarns substantially extending in a warp direction, and weft yarns substantially extending in a weft direction through the weft receiving openings,
pile warp yarns interlaced with weft yarns of the backing fabric for providing piles extending out of the backing fabric at a pile side,
wherein, in at least one weft receiving opening, at least one weft yarn positioned immediately adjacent to one of the crossings of the binding warp yarns defining this weft receiving opening in the warp direction provides an end weft yarn positioned at a back side relative to at least one weft separating warp yarn extending in the backing fabric substantially in the warp direction, and at least one intermediate weft yarn positioned adjacent to such an end weft yarn in the warp direction is positioned at the pile side relative to the at least one weft separating warp yarn, wherein, for providing a pile, in association with this weft receiving opening, a pile warp yarn is interlaced with an end weft yarn of this weft receiving opening such as to extend out of the backing fabric between this end weft yarn and an intermediate weft yarn of this weft receiving opening.

US Pat. No. 11,028,506

ACTIVE TEXTILE STRUCTURES WITH SELECTIVELY VARIABLE SURFACE FRICTION CHARACTERISTICS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An active textile system for governing frictional force levels at an interface with a user or object, the active textile system comprising:a textile structure including a first textile filament interlaced with a second textile filament, the first textile filament having a first texture with a first coefficient of friction, and the second textile filament having a second texture with a second coefficient of friction different than the first coefficient of friction, the textile structure having an outer contact surface at the interface with the user or object, wherein the first and second textile filaments are interlaced in a tension-knit pattern that positions the first textile filament outboard from the second textile filament to thereby define the outer contact surface; and
an actuating element including a boundary control actuator attached to the textile structure and configured to selectively transition the textile structure between first and second states, the first state including the first textile filament defining the outer contact surface of the textile structure, and the second state including the second textile filament defining the outer contact surface, the boundary control actuator repositioning the first and second textile filaments such that the second textile filament is outboard from the first textile filament to thereby define the outer contact surface of the textile structure, the boundary control actuator including a support frame and an electronically controlled actuator, the support frame being attached to an outer perimeter of the textile structure, and the electronically controlled actuator being selectively actuable to reposition the support frame and thereby reposition the first and second textile filaments.

US Pat. No. 11,028,505

PROTECTIVE APPAREL

1. A fabric, comprising:a textile fabric of a defined material, wherein said defined material includes textile clothing fibers embedded with microfilaments of a metal forming a Faraday cage around a wearer to serve as a protective apparel, wherein each of said textile clothing fibers are embedded with said microfilaments such that a substantial part of the microfilaments are covered within an exterior surface of the textile fabric, wherein said microfilaments form a mutual electrical contact of fibers to form said Faraday cage, wherein said protective apparel blocks electromagnetic and/or radio frequency field waves, wherein said textile fabric includes a fineness of fiber having a range of 41-45 tex, wherein said clothing fibers are woven by orthogonally crossing single warp threads and weft threads.

US Pat. No. 11,028,504

MULTI-LEVEL-ARCHITECTURE MULTIFIBER COMPOSITE YARN

The Hong Kong Polytechnic...

1. A multi-level-architecture multi-fiber composite yarn, comprising:a composite yarn having a first anisotropic expansion coefficient in an axial and/or radial direction, and
a matrix material included with the composite yarn,
wherein the matrix material has a second anisotropic expansion coefficient that is different from the first anisotropic expansion coefficient in at least one of the axial or radial directions;
wherein the composite yarn comprises multiple continuous filament or staple fibers dispersed in the matrix material to form a single yarn.

US Pat. No. 11,028,503

METHOD FOR OPERATING A SPINNING MACHINE OF A ROTOR SPINNING MACHINE, AND SPINNING MACHINE OF A ROTOR SPINNING MACHINE

Maschinenfabrik Rieter AG...

1. A method for operating a spinning device of a rotor spinning machine in which a spinning rotor comprising a rotor cup and a rotor shaft is set into rotation with the aid of a drive situated in a drive housing, the drive operatively connected to the rotor shaft, the rotor shaft supported in the drive housing by a bearing, the rotor cup situated in a rotor housing to which vacuum is applied, the rotor shaft extending between the drive housing and the rotor housing through a connection opening such that when a vacuum is drawn in the rotor housing during a spinning process, a vacuum is also drawn in the drive housing, the method comprising:feeding compressed air into the drive housing via an air inlet at intervals to clean the drive housing and the bearing;
directing the compressed air with impurities from the drive housing and the bearing into the rotor housing for subsequent removal from the rotor housing; and
wherein the compressed air is fed into the drive housing at an end of the rotor shaft directly into a bearing gap of the bearing so as to flow axially along the rotor shaft in the bearing gap.

US Pat. No. 11,028,502

VASCULAR CONSTRUCTS

Wake Forest University He...

1. A self-seeding bi-layered vascular graft comprising an electrospun matrix having a tubular shape with an outside surface and a lumen that defines an inside surface and a three-dimensional ultrastructure of interconnected fibers with pores, the matrix further comprises an inner region, in which the average pore size is less than 1 micron and wherein the inner region of the tubular matrix comprises fibers having an average diameter between 100 and 900 nanometers and an outer region, in which the average pore size is greater than 1 micron and wherein one or more EPC-specific antibodies and one or more anti-thrombogenic agents are conjugated to the lumen.

US Pat. No. 11,028,501

METHOD FOR GROWING ? PHASE OF GALLIUM OXIDE ([?]-GA2O3) SINGLE CRYSTALS FROM THE MELT CONTAINED WITHIN A METAL CRUCIBLE

Forschungsverbund Berlin ...

1. A method for growing beta phase of gallium oxide (?-Ga2O3) single crystals from a melt contained within a metal crucible, comprising the steps of:providing into a growth chamber a thermal system or growth furnace (100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600) comprising the metal crucible (101, 201, 301, 401, 501, 601) containing the Ga2O3 starting material (102, 202, 302, 402, 502, 602), a thermal insulation (103, 203, 303, 403, 503, 603) surrounding the metal crucible (101, 201, 301, 401, 501, 601) and a heater (104, 204, 304, 404, 504, 604) disposed around the metal crucible (101, 201, 301, 401, 501, 601);
providing or creating a crystal seed (105, 205, 305, 405, 505, 605) within the growth furnace (100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600);
introducing at least into the growth furnace (100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600) a growth atmosphere (120, 220, 320, 420, 520, 620) containing oxygen;
heating up the metal crucible (101, 201, 301, 401, 501, 601) by the heater (104, 204, 304, 404, 504, 604), which in turns heats up the Ga2O3 starting material (102, 202, 302, 402, 502, 602) until melting;
contacting the crystal seed (105, 205, 305, 405, 505, 605) with the molten Ga2O3 starting material (102, 202, 302, 402, 502, 602) contained within the metal crucible (101, 201, 301, 401, 501, 601);
growing a ?-Ga2O3 single crystal (110, 210, 310, 410, 510, 610) on the crystal seed (105, 205, 305, 405, 505, 605) by temperature gradients between the crystal seed and the melt;
cooling down the grown ?-Ga2O3 single crystal (110, 210, 310, 410, 510, 610) to room temperature (RT) once the crystal growth step has been completed;characterized in that it further comprises the steps of:i) providing into the growth furnace (100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600) the growth atmosphere (120, 220, 320, 420, 520, 620) consisting of a mixture of pure oxygen and at least one non-reducing gas selected from the group consisting of Ar, N2, He Xe, Ne, and CO2, with a variable oxygen concentration (OC) or partial pressure at substantially atmospheric pressure in such a way that the oxygen concentration (OC) reaches a growth oxygen concentration value (C2, C2?, C2?) in the concentration range (SC) of 5-100 vol. % below (8, 9) the melting temperature (MT) of Ga2O3 or at (6, 7) the melting temperature (MP) or after (5) complete melting of the Ga2O3 starting material (102, 202, 302, 402, 502, 602) adapted to minimize creation of metallic gallium amount (CR1, CR2, CR3) and thus eutectic formation with the metal crucible (101, 201, 301, 401, 501, 601) and to improve stoichiometry of the Ga2O3 starting material (102, 202, 302, 402, 502, 602) and crystal growth stability; andii) maintaining the growth oxygen concentration value (C2, C2?, C2?) within the oxygen concentration range (SC) during the crystal growth step of the ?-Ga2O3 single crystal (110, 210, 310, 410, 510, 610) from the melt at the growth temperature (GT).

US Pat. No. 11,028,500

INGOT PULLER APPARATUS THAT INCLUDE A DOPING CONDUIT WITH A POROUS PARTITION MEMBER FOR SUBLIMING SOLID DOPANT

GlobalWafers Co., Ltd., ...

1. An ingot puller apparatus for producing a silicon ingot comprising:a crucible for holding a melt of silicon;
a growth chamber for pulling a silicon ingot from the melt; and
a dopant conduit for introducing dopant into the melt, the dopant conduit having a length and comprising:
one or more sidewalls, the one or more sidewalls forming a conduit chamber through which dopant passes, the conduit chamber having a width;
an inlet through which solid dopant is introduced into the dopant conduit;
an outlet through which a gaseous dopant is discharged through the dopant conduit; and
a partition member disposed between the inlet and the outlet and supporting solid dopant introduced through the inlet, the partition member extending across the width of the conduit chamber, the partition member being within the last 25% of the length of the dopant conduit.

US Pat. No. 11,028,499

METHODS FOR PREPARING A DOPED INGOT

GlobalWafers Co., Ltd., ...

1. A method for preparing a doped ingot comprising:preparing a melt of silicon in a crucible;
feeding solid dopant into an inlet of a dopant conduit, the dopant conduit extending into a growth chamber in which an ingot is pulled from the melt, the solid dopant passing through a conduit chamber defined by the dopant conduit and onto a partition member disposed within the dopant conduit that extends across a width of the conduit chamber, the partition member being within the last 25% of a length of the dopant conduit;
heating solid dopant supported by the partition member with radiant heat from the melt to sublime the solid dopant;
introducing an inert gas into the dopant conduit, the inert gas mixing with sublimed dopant, the inert gas having sublimed dopant mixed therein passing through the partition member and being discharged through an outlet of the dopant conduit, a pressure of the inert gas being reduced upon passing through the partition member;
contacting inert gas having sublimed dopant mixed therein with the melt to absorb dopant from the inert gas into the melt; and
pulling a silicon ingot from the melt of silicon.

US Pat. No. 11,028,498

SINGLE CRYSTAL PULLING APPARATUS INCLUDING A DOPANT SUPPLYING MEANS HAVING A TUBE WITH A PLURALITY OF BLOWING PORTS

SHIN-ETSU HANDOTAI CO., L...

1. A single crystal pulling apparatus comprising:a heater for heating a raw material in a crucible to thereby form a raw-material melt;
a chamber for housing the heater and the crucible; and
a dopant supplying means for supplying a sublimable dopant to the raw-material melt, and pulling a silicon single crystal from the raw-material melt according to a Czochralski method, the dopant supplying means comprising:
a charging device provided outside the chamber and configured to store the dopant and charge the dopant into the chamber,
a sublimation room provided inside the chamber and configured to hold and sublimate the dopant charged from the charging device,
a carrier gas-introducing device configured to introduce a carrier gas into the sublimation room; and
a blowing device configured to blow the dopant sublimated in the sublimation room together with the carrier gas from the carrier gas-introducing device onto a surface of the raw-material melt, the blowing device comprising a first tube which is different from the sublimation room and connected to the sublimation room, two or more second tubes, and a plurality of blowing ports such that the sublimated dopant is scattered from the plurality of blowing ports via the first tube and the two or more second tubes and blown onto the surface of the raw-material melt,
wherein the first tube of the blowing device branches into the two or more second tubes, and
one or more orifices opened at each tip of the two or more second tubes constitute the plurality of blowing ports.

US Pat. No. 11,028,497

SINGLE CRYSTAL PRODUCTION APPARATUS AND SINGLE CRYSTAL PRODUCTION METHOD

1. A single crystal production apparatus that produces a single crystal by cooling a melting zone formed by heating a raw material through reflection of an infrared ray, the single crystal production apparatus comprising:a reflection part reflecting the infrared ray toward the raw material; and an infrared generation part generating the infrared ray,
wherein the reflection part comprises a spheroidal mirror and a concave spherical mirror,
wherein the infrared generation part is disposed at one focal point F1 of the spheroidal mirror,
wherein an opening is formed in the spheroidal mirror on a side of an other focal point F0 of the spheroidal mirror, the other focal point F0 coinciding with a site where the melting zone is formed,
wherein the concave spherical mirror is provided at a location at which the concave spherical mirror opposes the opening of the spheroidal mirror,
wherein the one focal point F1 and a spherical center of the concave spherical mirror fall on a same location,
wherein at least one from among a location of the concave spherical mirror relative to the opening of the spheroidal mirror and a range through which the concave spherical mirror covers die opening is variable, and
wherein the concave spherical mirror is movable, such that the concave spherical mirror is accommodated in a location where the concave spherical mirror does not oppose the opening prior to in a case that the single crystal production apparatus is in use, and in the case that the single crystal production apparatus is in use, the concave spherical mirror is moved in a sliding, manner to a location where the concave spherical mirror opposes the opening.

US Pat. No. 11,028,496

FABRICATION OF SOLID-STATE BATTERY CELLS AND SOLID-STATE BATTERIES

IMEC VZW, Leuven (BE)

1. A method for fabricating a solid-state battery cell, the method comprising:forming a plurality of spaced electrically conductive structures on a substrate, wherein forming the plurality of spaced electrically conductive structures on the substrate comprises transforming at least part of a valve metal layer into a template comprising a plurality of spaced channels aligned longitudinally along a first direction, and wherein transforming at least part of the valve metal layer into the template comprises:
a first anodization step, which anodizes at least part of the valve metal layer in a thickness direction to form a porous layer of valve metal oxide comprising a plurality of channels, wherein each channel comprises channel walls aligned longitudinally along the first direction and a channel bottom, wherein the channel bottom is coated with a first insulating metal oxide barrier layer as a result of the first anodization step;
a protective treatment that induces hydrophobic surfaces to the channel walls and channel bottoms;
a second anodization step after the protective treatment, which substantially removes the first insulating metal oxide barrier layer from the channel bottoms to induce anodization only at the bottoms of the plurality of channels and create a second insulating metal oxide barrier layer at the channel bottoms; and
an etching step in an etching solution, wherein the etching step removes the second insulating metal oxide barrier layer from the channel bottoms, the method further comprising:
depositing a solid functional material within the channels of the template to form the plurality of spaced structures inside the plurality of channels, wherein the plurality of spaced structures are aligned longitudinally along the first direction;
forming a first layer of active electrode material on the plurality of spaced electrically conductive structures, wherein the first layer of active electrode material conformally coats surfaces of the plurality of spaced electrically conductive structures;
depositing an electrolyte layer over the first layer of active electrode material; and
forming a second layer of active electrode material over the electrolyte layer, wherein:
the first layer of active electrode material forms a cathode layer of the solid-state battery cell and the second layer of active electrode material forms an anode layer of the solid-state battery cell; or
the second layer of active electrode material forms the cathode layer of the solid-state battery cell and the first layer of active electrode material forms the anode layer of the solid-state battery cell.

US Pat. No. 11,028,495

METHOD FOR PRODUCING POROUS COPPER FOIL AND POROUS COPPER FOIL PRODUCED BY THE SAME

YMT CO., LTD., Incheon (...

1. A method for producing a porous copper foil, comprising:forming a release layer on a metal carrier, wherein the metal carrier is made of aluminum with a natural surface oxide film and the release layer is composed of a metal compound having a thickness of 10 nanometers or less;
growing copper islands on the metal carrier formed with the release layer by electroless copper plating;
forming a porous copper thin layer by copper electroplating using the metal carrier with the natural surface oxide film as an electrode to electroplate only the copper islands; and
peeling off the porous copper thin layer from the release layer.

US Pat. No. 11,028,494

DEVICE FOR CONTROLLED FEEDING AN ELECTROLYTIC CELL FOR PRODUCING ALUMINUM (VARIANTS)

United Company RUSAL Engi...

1. A device for feeding an electrolytic cell for producing aluminum comprising:a hopper for receiving a feeding material;
a metering chamber with loading windows located around a perimeter of an upper part of the metering chamber above a hopper base;
a stem with a pneumatic actuator;
an upper locking element rigidly fixed to the stem in the upper part of the metering chamber, wherein the upper locking element is positioned between upper and lower edges of the loading windows, when the stem is in an upper position; and
a lower locking element fixed on an end of the stem,
wherein at least one circular rib is fixed on the upper part of the metering chamber above the upper locking element so that the feeding material can pass through gaps between an end of the at least one circular rib and walls of the hopper; and
at least one second rib is fixed to the hopper walls so that the feeding material can pass through gaps between an end of the second rib and the metering chamber,
characterized in that the device comprises at least one baffle plate having two ends fixed to the hopper walls so that the feeding material can pass through gaps between the ends of the baffle plate and the at least one circular rib and the at least one second rib and between the ends of the baffle plate and the hopper walls and the upper part of the metering chamber,
wherein the at least one circular rib and the at least one second rib are at an angle from between 40° to 90° to the metering chamber.

US Pat. No. 11,028,493

SUSTAINABLE, FACILE SEPARATION OF THE MOLTEN CARBONATE ELECTROLYSIS CATHODE PRODUCT

C2CNT LLC, Leesburg, VA ...

1. A process for preparing an aerogel by separating electrolyte from a solid carbon/molten electrolyte mixed product removed from the cathode of a carbonate electrolysis, the process comprising:(i) applying a force to compress the solid carbon/molten electrolyte mixed product to remove the electrolyte, in which the force compresses the solid carbon/molten electrolyte mixed product directly on the cathode in an electrolysis chamber;
(ii) removing the force; and
(iii) isolating the aerogel.

US Pat. No. 11,028,492

ELECTROLYTIC SYSTEM, ELECTROLYTIC CONTROL CIRCUIT, AND CONTROL METHOD FOR ELECTROLYTIC SYSTEM

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. An electrolytic system comprising:a power generator configured to output a generated first DC power;
a plurality of converters each of the plurality of converters is configured to:
convert the first DC power output by the power generator into a second DC power according to a received target duty ratio, and
output voltage information of the second DC power and current information of the second DC power;
a plurality of electrolyzers each of the plurality of electrolyzers is configure to:
receive the second DC power output from each of the plurality of converters, and generate a gas;
a control circuit configured to execute control processing every time a start signal is inputted, the control processing including:
obtain a measurement value of the first DC power;
output control information by which the first DC power output by the power generator approaches a maximum power, based on the obtained measurement value of the first DC power;
in response to detecting that the measurement value at a present time is larger than the measurement value at a previous time, output the control information configured to cause a selection circuit to change the target duty ratio in a same direction as a changing direction at the previous time; and
in response to detecting that the measurement value at a present time is equal to or smaller than the measurement value at the previous time, output the control information configured to cause the selection circuit to change the target duty ratio in an opposite direction as the changing direction at the previous time; and the selection circuit configured to output the target duty ratio, and a selection signal as to whether to select each of the plurality of electrolyzers and each of the plurality of converters, based on the control information output by the control circuit and the voltage information and the current information output by each of the plurality of converters.

US Pat. No. 11,028,491

ELECTROLYSIS ELECTRODE FEATURING METAL-DOPED NANOTUBE ARRAY AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURE AND USING SAME

California Institute of T...

1. An electrolysis electrode, comprising:a substrate; and
cobalt-doped black TiO2 nanotube array contacting the substrate.

US Pat. No. 11,028,490

SUBNANOMETER CATALYTIC CLUSTERS FOR WATER SPLITTING, METHOD FOR SPLITTING WATER USING SUBNANOMETER CATALYST CLUSTERS

UCHICAGO ARGONNE, LLC, C...

1. A method for splitting water comprising:a) contacting the water with a catalytic electrode of an electrocatalytic cell, wherein the electrocatalytic cell comprises the catalytic electrode, an alkaline electrolyte with a pH greater than 10, and a reference hydrogen electrode, wherein the two electrodes and electrolyte are all in fluid communication, and wherein the catalytic electrode comprises a wafer coated with (ultra)nanocrystalline diamond so as to define a surface supporting catalyst spots, each spot consisting only of a plurality of palladium clusters, wherein each of the clusters have a size of between 3 and 20 atoms and remain physically isolated from each other, wherein each cluster spot is between 4 and 5 mm in diameter wherein the size of all the plurality of palladium clusters is selected from the group consisting of 4 plus or minus 1, 6 plus or minus 2, and 17 plus or minus 3 atoms of palladium per cluster; and
b) applying a voltage to the electrodes.

US Pat. No. 11,028,489

SURFACE TREATMENT COMPOSITION AND METHODS FOR USE

CORROSION EXCHANGE LLC, ...

1. An alkaline composition for removing contaminants from a metallic surface, consisting of:at least one bifunctional alkaline compound that comprises a tertiary amine and a hydroxyl group;
at least one oxidizer derived from a metal salt;
up to 1 wt % of a surfactant; and
water comprising less than 100 ppm chlorine, wherein the composition has a pH of about 9 to about 11.5 and all weight percentages are based on the total weight of the composition.

US Pat. No. 11,028,488

ETCHING COMPOSITION, A METHOD OF ETCHING A METAL BARRIER LAYER AND A METAL LAYER USING THE SAME, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE USING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of etching a metal barrier layer and a metal layer, the method comprising:forming the metal barrier layer and the metal layer on a substrate; and
using an etching composition to etch the metal barrier layer and the metal layer,
wherein the etching composition includes:
an oxidant selected from the group consisting of nitric acid, bromic acid, iodic acid, perchloric acid, perbromic acid, periodic acid, sulfuric acid, methane sulfonic acid, p-toluenesulfonic acid, benzenesulfonic acid, and a combination thereof;
a metal etching inhibitor including a compound expressed by Formula (1) below; and
a metal oxide solubilizer selected from the group consisting of phosphoric acid, phosphate, carboxylic acid having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, and a combination thereof,

wherein, in Formula (1), R1 and R2 independently are hydrogen, C1-C10 alkyl, C3-C10 alkenyl, C3-C10 alkynyl, or C1-C10 alkoxy,
R3 is hydrogen, amino, C1-C10 alkylamino, C3-C10 arylamino, C1-C10 alkyl, C3-C10 alkenyl, C3-C10 alkynyl, or C1-C10 alkoxy,
n is an integer equal to or greater than 1, and
R1, R2 and R3 are independently unsubstituted or substituted with hydroxy,
wherein the etching composition is selected to obtain an etch selectivity of from 1.0 to 2.0, where the etch selectivity is a ratio of an etch rate of the metal layer to an etch rate of the metal barrier layer,
the metal etching inhibitor is selected to reduce the etch rate of the metal layer to thereby reduce the etch selectivity as compared to a corresponding etching composition being the same as the etching composition except for not containing the metal etching inhibitor,
the metal layer includes at least one of tungsten, aluminum, copper, molybdenum, or cobalt, and
the metal barrier layer includes at least one of a titanium nitride (TiN) layer, a tantalum nitride (TaN) layer, a tungsten nitride (WN) layer, a nickel nitride (NiN) layer, a cobalt nitride (CoN) layer, or a platinum nitride (PtN) layer.

US Pat. No. 11,028,487

HARD COATING AND MEMBER COATED WITH HARD COATING

OSG CORPORATION, Toyokaw...

1. A hard film for coating a surface of a base material, the hard film configured to include a layer A, a layer B, and a nanolayer-alternating layer alternately laminated by a physical vapor deposition method to a total film thickness of 0.5 to 20 ?m, whereinthe layer A is an AlTiCr nitride having a composition formula of (AlaTibCrc?d)N, where ? is one or more elements selected from a group consisting of C, B, Si, V, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo, Hf, Ta, and W and atomic ratios a, b, c, d respectively satisfy 0.10?a?0.85, 0.02?b?0.70, 0.03?c?0.65, 0?d?0.10, and a+b+c+d=1, and has a thickness of 0.5 to 1000 nm, wherein
the layer B is an AlTiCr carbonitride having a composition formula of (AleTifCrg?h)CxN1-X, where ? is one or more elements selected from a group consisting of B, Si, V, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo, Hf, Ta, and W and atomic ratios e, f, g, h, and X respectively satisfy 0.10?e?0.85, 0.02?f?0.70, 0.03?g?0.65, 0?h?0.10, e+f+g+h=1, and 0?X?0.6, and has a thickness of 0.5 to 1000 nm, wherein
the nanolayer-alternating layer is formed by alternately laminating a nanolayer A or a nanolayer B having the same composition as the layer A or the layer B and a layer C and has a thickness of 1 to 1000 nm, wherein
the nanolayer A and the nanolayer B each have a thickness of 0.5 to 500 nm, and wherein
the layer C is an AlCr(SiC) nitride or AlCr(SiC) carbonitride having a composition formula of [AliCrj(SiC)k?l]CYN1-Y, where ? is one or more elements selected from a group consisting of B, Ti, V, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo, Hf, Ta, and W and atomic ratios i, j, k, l, and Y respectively satisfy 0.20?i?0.85, 0.05?j?0.50, 0.01?k?0.45, 0?l?0.10, i+j+k+l=1, and 0?Y?0.6, and has a thickness of 0.5 to 500 nm.

US Pat. No. 11,028,486

COATING SYSTEMS INCLUDING INFILTRATION COATINGS AND REACTIVE PHASE SPRAY FORMULATION COATINGS

General Electric Company,...

1. A method comprisingapplying a liquid phase of an infiltration coating of a coating system to a thermal barrier coating of an article, the liquid phase of the infiltration coating comprising one or more parts of one or more of yttrium nitrate, gadolinium nitrate, tantalum ethoxide, or strontium nitrate, wherein, responsive to the infiltration coating being applied to the article, the liquid phase of the infiltration coating infiltrates at least some pores of a bulk of the thermal barrier coating and decomposes to a solid phase of the infiltration coating comprising one or more parts of one or more of yttrium oxide, gadolinium oxide, tantalum oxide, or strontium oxide within the at least some pores of the thermal barrier coating to coat a portion of the at least some pores of the bulk of the thermal barrier coating, wherein the infiltration coating is configured to reduce a porosity of the thermal barrier coating; and
applying a reactive phase spray formulation coating of the coating system to a surface of the thermal barrier coating, wherein, responsive to the reactive phase spray formulation coating being applied to the thermal barrier coating, the reactive phase spray formulation coating is configured to react with dust deposits on the surface of the thermal barrier coating, the reactive phase spray formulation coating being an yttrium stabilized zirconium oxide material,
wherein the infiltration coating reduces an amount of spalling of the thermal barrier coating by a first amount, and the reactive phase spray formulation coating reduces an amount of spalling of the thermal barrier coating by a second amount, wherein the coating system including the infiltration coating and the reactive phase spray formulation coating reduces an amount of spalling of the thermal barrier coating by a third amount that is greater than the first amount combined with the second amount.

US Pat. No. 11,028,485

MATERIAL ADDITION FOR ARTICLE IDENTIFICATION

Goodrich Corporation, Ch...

1. A method for marking an existing article, comprising:forming a raised pad on a substrate of the existing article using a material addition process by applying a first material to a first surface of the substrate to form a first layer of the raised pad and applying a second material to the first layer to form a second layer of the raised pad; and
forming a design on the raised pad,
wherein a surface material of the substrate comprises a first elastic modulus, the first material comprises a second elastic modulus, and the first elastic modulus is greater than the second elastic modulus,
the second material comprises a third elastic modulus, the third elastic modulus is greater than the second elastic modulus,
the first material is applied to the substrate via at least one of a cold spray process, a thermal spray process, and a laser metal powder addition process, and
the second material is applied to the first material via at least one of the cold spray process, the thermal spray process, and the laser metal powder addition process.

US Pat. No. 11,028,484

ELECTROLESS NICKEL PLATING OF SILICONE RUBBER

Agency for Science, Techn...

1. A method for coating nickel on an organosiloxane polymer comprising:forming a transition metal oxide on the organosiloxane polymer;
etching the transition metal oxide with a basic solution;
contacting the organosiloxane polymer comprising the etched transition metal oxide with an aqueous solution comprising a positively charged species to attach the positively charged species on the etched transition metal oxide;
depositing a metal catalyst on the positively charged species; and
treating the metal catalyst with an acidic solution to develop an activated organosiloxane polymer before transferring the activated organosiloxane polymer to a solution comprising nickel and/or nickel derivatives.

US Pat. No. 11,028,483

PLATING METHOD, PLATING APPARATUS AND RECORDING MEDIUM

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

1. A plating method, comprising:preparing a substrate having, on a surface thereof, a non-plateable material portion to which a catalyst is not substantially adsorbed and a plateable material portion to which the catalyst is adsorbed and made of a different material from the non-plateable material portion, the non-plateable material portion and the plateable material portion being exposed to the surface of the substrate;
imparting a catalyst selectively to the plateable material portion by performing a catalyst imparting processing on the substrate; and
forming a plating layer selectively on the plateable material portion by performing a plating processing on the substrate,
wherein, before the imparting of the catalyst, forming an organic film is performed on the non-plateable material portion and the plateable material portion of the substrate by supplying an organic liquid, which suppresses the catalyst from adhering to the non-plateable material portion, onto the substrate, and
the organic film has a thickness that does not suppress the catalyst from adhering to the plateable material portion.

US Pat. No. 11,028,482

USE OF VOLTAGE AND CURRENT MEASUREMENTS TO CONTROL DUAL ZONE CERAMIC PEDESTALS

Lam Research Corporation,...

1. A method for controlling temperature of a substrate support in a substrate processing system, the method comprising:receiving a first current and a second current corresponding to a first heater element and a second heater element, respectively, of a substrate support;
receiving a first voltage and a second voltage corresponding to the first heater element and the second heater element, respectively;
calculating a first resistance of the first heater element based on the first voltage and the first current;
calculating a second resistance of the second heater element based on the second voltage and the second current;
calculating a first temperature of a first zone of the substrate support based on the first resistance and stored data correlating resistances to temperatures;
calculating a second temperature of a second zone of the substrate support based on the second resistance and the stored data;
selectively adjusting the stored data based on a comparison between a sensed temperature and at least one of the calculated first temperature and second temperature; and
separately controlling power provided to the first heater element and the second heater element based on the first resistance and the second resistance, respectively, and respective relationships between (i) the first resistance and the first temperature and (ii) the second resistance and the second temperature.

US Pat. No. 11,028,481

SUBSTRATE TREATING APPARATUS AND METHOD

JUSUNG ENGINEERING CO., L...

1. A substrate processing method comprising:placing at least one substrate on a substrate supporter provided inside a process chamber; and
locally distributing activated source gas on the substrate using a gas distributor which locally confronts the substrate supporter and is provided in a chamber lid for covering the process chamber,
wherein the gas distributor forms plasma using a plasma formation gas, and distributes a source gas to a plasma overlapping area for formation of the plasma, and thus activates the source gas,
wherein the gas distributor includes first and second plasma formation spaces which are spatially separated from each other, and are supplied with the plasma formation gas; and a source gas distribution space provided between the first and second plasma formation spaces to separate the first and second plasma formation spaces from each other, and is supplied with the source gas,
wherein the source gas is activated by plasma to include some of a lower area of the source gas distribution space,
wherein the gas distributor includes a plurality of ground electrodes to spatially separate the first and second plasma formation space from the source gas distribution space, and first and second plasma electrodes respectively inserted into the first and second plasma formation spaces,
wherein locally distributing the activated source gas on the substrate includes:
supplying plasma formation gas to each of the first and second plasma formation spaces;
forming plasma to include some of a lower area of the source gas distribution space by supplying plasma power to the first and second plasma electrodes; and
distributing the source gas to a plasma formation area formed in the lower area of the source gas distribution space through the source gas distribution space, and activating the source gas.

US Pat. No. 11,028,480

METHODS OF PROTECTING METALLIC COMPONENTS AGAINST CORROSION USING CHROMIUM-CONTAINING THIN FILMS

1. A method for depositing a coating on an aerospace component, comprising:sequentially exposing the aerospace component to a chromium precursor and a reactant to form a chromium-containing layer on a surface of the aerospace component by an atomic layer deposition process; and
forming a nanolaminate film stack on the surface of the aerospace component, wherein the nanolaminate film stack comprises alternating layers of the chromium-containing layer and a second deposited layer.

US Pat. No. 11,028,479

METHOD OF FORMING FILM

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

1. A method of forming a tungsten film on a surface of a target substrate having a base film by repeating a cycle plural times, the cycle including alternately supplying a tungsten chloride gas and a reducing gas for reducing the tungsten chloride gas, with a purge interposed therebetween, into a process container in which the target substrate is accommodated and that is maintained under a depressurized atmosphere, the method comprising:setting an integrated flow rate of the tungsten chloride gas per one cycle to be substantially constant while the tungsten film is formed on the target substrate; and
shortening a time of the cycle while increasing a supply flow rate of the tungsten chloride gas within a range where a ratio of a thickness of the base film etched by repeating the cycle the plural times to a thickness of the base film before repeating the cycle the plural times becomes smaller than a predetermined ratio, in a state where the integrated flow rate of the tungsten chloride gas per one cycle is kept substantially constant.

US Pat. No. 11,028,478

ATOMIC LAYER DEPOSITION OF FILMS COMPRISING SILICON, CARBON AND NITROGEN USING HALOGENATED SILICON PRECURSORS

Applied Materials, Inc., ...

1. A method of depositing a film comprising Si, C and N, the method comprisingexposing a substrate surface to a silicon precursor, wherein the silicon precursor comprises a halogenated bis(silyl) methane precursor selected from the group consisting of:
andexposing the substrate to a nitrogen-containing plasma or a nitrogen precursor.

US Pat. No. 11,028,477

BOTTOM-UP GAP-FILL BY SURFACE POISONING TREATMENT

Applied Materials, Inc., ...

1. A processing method comprising:exposing a substrate surface having at least one feature thereon to a plasma comprising an organic-based poisoning agent to preferentially poison a top of the at least one feature relative to a bottom of the at least one feature, the organic-based poisoning agent selected from the group consisting of ethanolamine (ETA), hexane, and toluene, the plasma generated in an environment having a pressure in a range of from 0 Torr to 15 Torr via at least one source with a power in a range of from 50 W to 1000 W, the at least one feature having an aspect ratio greater than or equal to 10:1; and
depositing a film comprising silicon in the at least one feature in a bottom-up manner, such that growth on the top of the at least one feature is less than about 25% of the growth that occurs at the bottom of the feature after exposure to the organic-based poisoning agent and such that there are no voids or seams present in the at least one feature.

US Pat. No. 11,028,476

METHOD OF COATING METALLIC POWDER PARTICLES

Raytheon Technologies Cor...

1. A method comprising:disposing an amount of metallic powder particulates within an inner vessel of a fluidizing reactor, the inner vessel entirely disposed within an outer vessel of the fluidizing reactor between an inner axial end and an outer axial end of the outer vessel and a radially-extending sidewall of the outer vessel extending from the inner axial end to the outer axial end, the inner vessel comprising a porous plate forming a portion of the inner vessel; and
coating the metallic powder particulates disposed within the inner vessel with a material present within a precursor gas by directing the precursor gas through an annular region disposed between the inner vessel and the outer vessel and through the porous plate into the inner vessel;
wherein the coating includes coating the metallic powder particulates with the material in an amount such that the coated metallic powder particulates have a level of reflectivity that is acceptable for subsequent processing of the coated metallic powder particulates within an additive manufacturing process.

US Pat. No. 11,028,475

METHOD FOR PREVENTING VACUUM PUMP PIPELINE FROM BLOCKAGE, AND CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION MACHINE

HKC Corporation Limited, ...

1. A method for preventing a vacuum pump pipeline from blockage, comprising the following steps:opening a gas source, and introducing reaction gas into a process chamber from the gas source;
carrying out a coating reaction of a chemical vapor deposition machine in the process chamber;
after coating, closing the gas source, and introducing heated inert gas into an air exhaust pipe connected to an outlet of a vacuum pump; and
turning on the vacuum pump, and introducing dust and exhaust gas in the process chamber into a exhaust gas treatment device through the air exhaust pipe.

US Pat. No. 11,028,473

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, SUBSTRATE PROCESSING APPARATUS, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

KOKUSAI ELECTRIC CORPORAT...

1. A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device, comprising:(a) forming a seed layer containing a predetermined element on a substrate by performing a process multiple times, the process including performing:
(a-1) supplying a first precursor to the substrate to form an adsorption layer of the first precursor, the first precursor containing the predetermined element and a ligand which is coordinated to the predetermined element and which contains at least one of carbon or nitrogen, and
(a-2) supplying a ligand desorption material to the substrate to desorb the ligand from the adsorption layer of the first precursor, thereby lowering concentration of the at least one of carbon or nitrogen from the adsorption layer; and
(b) supplying a second precursor containing the predetermined element and not containing the ligand to the substrate to form a film containing the predetermined element on the seed layer,
wherein (a-1) and (a-2) are alternately performed in (a), and
wherein a pressure at a space where the substrate is located in (a-1) is set higher than a pressure at a space where the substrate is located in (a-2).

US Pat. No. 11,028,472

INTEGRATED 3D METALLIZER

1. An apparatus for moving a plurality of parts in a metallizer, the apparatus comprising:a. a plurality of plates secured to a center rod to create an integrated stack, each plate having an outer perimeter and the plurality of plates stacked vertically and spaced from one another such that the outer perimeter of the plurality of plates creates an outer perimeter of the integrated stack;
b. a plurality of part supports arranged about the outer perimeter of each plate;
c. a support frame secured to the center rod and extending beyond the outer perimeter of the integrated stack such that the support frame may rotate about a central axis of the integrated stack; and
d. one or more rotation drive systems attached to the support frame and positioned such that one or more compliant drive fingers are in close proximity to the outer perimeter of the integrated stack.

US Pat. No. 11,028,471

SAPPHIRE THIN FILM COATED SUBSTRATE

1. An anti-reflective coating on a substrate comprising a multilayered structure of more than three layers comprising:a topmost anti-reflective material layer comprising of sapphire or Al2O3 on top of one or more anti-reflective material layers with a matching refractive index that is higher than the topmost anti-reflective material layer;
two or more middle anti-reflective material layers, wherein the middle anti-reflective material layer immediately below the topmost anti-reflective material layer is a second anti-reflective material layer and has a matching refractive index that is higher than that of the topmost anti-reflective material layer; and
a bottommost anti-reflective material layer below the two or more middle anti- reflective material layers, wherein the bottommost anti-reflective material layer is deposited on top of the substrate;
wherein the topmost anti-reflective material layer, the two or more middle anti-reflective material layers, and the bottommost anti-reflective material layer have alternatively higher and lower refractive indices in respect with each other,
wherein the second anti-reflective material layer has a refractive index higher than 1.75 in visible light region, and wherein the second anti-reflective material layer comprises one or more of yttrium aluminium garnet (YAG), AlAs, ZnSiAs2, AgBr, TlBr, C, B4C, SiC, AgCl, TlCl, bismuth germanium oxide (BGO), lead germanium oxide (PGO), CsI, KI, LiI, NaI, RbI, CaMoCL, PbMoCL, SrMoCL, AlN, GaN, LiNbO3, Sc2O3, ZnO, GaP, KTaO3, and BaTiO3.

US Pat. No. 11,028,470

METHOD FOR HEAT-TREATING METAL MATERIALS

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. A method for electrically heat treating an aluminum 319 alloy workpiece comprising the step of: pulsing electrical current directly through the workpiece using at least one current input to heat the workpiece via resistive heating to a temperature less than 450 degrees C. for no more than 1 hour, then aging the piece to produce a hardened material having a harness of at least 50 on the RB scale.

US Pat. No. 11,028,469

HOT PRESS-FORMED PART

NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION,...

1. A hot press-formed part comprising, by unit mass %,C: 0.100% to 0.600%,
Si: 1.00% to 3.00%,
Mn: 1.00% to 5.00%,
P: 0.040% or less,
S: 0.0500% or less,
Al: 0.001% to 2.000%,
N: 0.0100% or less,
O: 0.0100% or less,
Mo: 0% to 1.00%,
Cr: 0% to 2.00%,
Ni: 0% to 2.00%,
Cu: 0% to 2.00%,
Nb: 0% to 0.300%,
Ti: 0% to 0.300%,
V: 0% to 0.300%,
B: 0% to 0.1000%,
Ca: 0% to 0.0100%,
Mg: 0% to 0.0100%,
REM: 0% to 0.0100%, and
a remainder including Fe and impurities,
wherein a microstructure in a thickness ¼ portion includes, by unit vol %, tempered martensite: 20% to 90%, bainite: 5% to 75%, and residual austenite: 5% to 25%, and ferrite is limited to 10% or less,
wherein a pole density of an orientation {211}<011> in the thickness ¼ portion is 3.0 or higher, and
a tensile strength TS is 1.200 MPa or higher,
a tensile product TSxEl is 26.000 MPa % or higher,
both an r value for a rolling direction and an r value for a transvers direction is 0.80 or smaller, and
both limitation of bending (R/t) in the rolling direction and limitation of bending (R/t) in the transvers direction is 2,0 or smaller.

US Pat. No. 11,028,468

SOFT MAGNETIC ALLOY OPTIMIZED FOR METAL INJECTION MOLDING

APPLE INC., Cupertino, C...

1. A sintered magnetic component for an electronic device, comprising:a metal alloy in a body-centered cubic phase and comprising about 32 weight percent (wt %) to about 38 wt % cobalt and about 62 wt % to about 68% wt % iron;
the sintered magnetic component having a porosity between 2% and 10% and an average pore size of 2 microns to 5 microns.

US Pat. No. 11,028,467

METAL-BASED COMPOSITE MATERIAL

TYK CORPORATION, Minato-...

1. A metal-based composite material, whereinthe metal-based composite material is formed from a sintered body obtained only from Ti material powder containing Ti, Mo material powder containing Mo, Ni material powder containing Ni, and ceramics powder of at least one selected from SiC, TiC, TiB2, and MoB, wherein
0.1 to 9 parts by mass of Ni is contained with respect to 100 parts by mass of the entirety of the metal-based composite material.

US Pat. No. 11,028,464

LEAD-FREE EASY-TO-CUT CORROSION-RESISTANT BRASS ALLOY WITH GOOD THERMOFORMING PERFORMANCE

XIAMEN LOTA INTERNATIONAL...

5. A corrosion-resistant brass alloy consisting of: 74.5-76.5 wt % Cu, 3.1-3.4 wt % Si, 0.11-0.2 wt % Fe, 0.04-0.10 wt % P, a combined amount of 0.001-0.003 wt % of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Ag, Ti and RE, a combined amount of 0.05-0.2 wt % of at least one element selected from the group consisting of Mn, Al, and Ni, and the balance being Zn and unavoidable impurities.

US Pat. No. 11,028,463

COPPER ALLOY CONTAINING TIN, METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME, AND USE OF SAME

WIELAND-WERKE AG, Ulm (D...

1. A tin-containing copper alloy consisting of (in % by weight):4.0% to 23.0% Sn,
0.05% to 2.0% Si,
0.005% to 0.6% B,
0.001% to 0.08% P,
optionally up to a maximum of 2.0% Zn,
optionally up to a maximum of 0.6% Fe,
optionally up to a maximum of 0.5% Mg,
optionally up to a maximum of 0.25% Pb,
the balance being copper and unavoidable impurities,
wherein
the Si/B ratio of the element contents of the elements silicon and boron is between 0.3 and 10.

US Pat. No. 11,028,462

SUPPRESSION OF SAMSON PHASE FORMATION IN AL—MG ALLOYS BY BORON ADDITION

The Government of the Uni...

1. A method of suppressing the Samson phase, Al3Mg2, at grain boundaries in aluminum, comprising:providing aluminum in a container;
adding boron to the container;
providing an inert atmosphere;
arc-melting the aluminum and the boron;
mixing the aluminum and the boron in the container to form an alloy mixture;wherein the aluminum is Al-5083 or Al-5456 and wherein the boron reduces supersaturation of magnesium;wherein the boron traps the magnesium in a solid solution as AlMgB2 phase;further comprising the steps of
adding copper to the container prior to the step of providing the inert atmosphere;
arc-melting the aluminum and the boron and the copper;
mixing and homogenizing the aluminum, the boron and the copper in the container to form an alloy mixture;wherein the step of mixing and homogenizing is at 500° C. for 2 hours; andannealing at 150° C. for about 190 hours.

US Pat. No. 11,028,460

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR RECOVERY OF LEAD FROM LEAD ACID BATTERIES

AQUA METALS INC., Alamed...

1. A method of recovering lead from a lead paste of a lead acid battery, wherein the lead paste comprises lead sulfate, the method comprising:contacting the lead paste with a base to thereby generate a supernatant comprising a soluble sulfate salt and a precipitate comprising an insoluble lead salt;
separating the supernatant from the precipitate;
contacting the precipitate with alkane sulfonic acid to generate a mixture comprising a lead ion solution and insoluble lead dioxide;
contacting the insoluble lead dioxide in the precipitate or in the lead paste with a hydrogen peroxide to thereby reduce lead dioxide to lead oxide;
combining the lead oxide with the lead ion solution to form a combined lead ion solution;
applying an electrical potential to a cathode in contact with the combined lead ion solution to thereby continuously form adherent lead on a first portion of the cathode and to generate regenerated alkane sulfonic acid;
wherein the adherent lead has a purity of at least 99.9%; and
removing the adherent lead from a second portion of the cathode while continuously forming adherent lead on the first portion of the same cathode.

US Pat. No. 11,028,459

METHOD FOR ORIENTING STEEL SHEET GRAINS, CORRESPONDING DEVICE, AND FACILITY IMPLEMENTING SAID METHOD OR DEVICE

FIVES STEIN, Maisons Alf...

1. A method of accentuating an orientation of grains of a sheet of grain oriented steel during an operation of annealing the steel sheet in a continuous heat treatment furnace, the method comprising:moving the steel sheet in its longitudinal direction through the furnace;
soaking the steel sheet to maintain a stretch region of the steel sheet at a set temperature of between 750° C. and 900° C.;
stretching the steel sheet longitudinally in the stretch region by bringing the steel sheet into driving engagement with a first motorized tensioning block and a second motorized tensioning block situated in the furnace, the first motorized tensioning block comprising a first plurality of traction rolls which engage the steel sheet and the second motorized tensioning block comprising a second plurality of traction rolls which engage the steel sheet, the first and second motorized tensioning blocks being situated one on each side of the stretch region; and
wherein the driving engagement with the first motorized tension block and with the second motorized tension block creates a tension on the steel sheet in the stretch region, the tension being evenly applied across an entire width and throughout an entire thickness of the steel sheet.

US Pat. No. 11,028,457

METHOD OF HEAT TREATING A FASTENING MEMBER

Caterpillar Inc., Peoria...

1. A fastening member comprising:a head portion having an outside head surface and an inside head surface; and
a body portion attached to the head portion, wherein the body portion includes:
a shank portion extending from the head portion, wherein the head portion and the shank portion are tempered to a hardness value between 48 Rockwell C and 60 Rockwell C; and
a thread portion having a plurality of threads, wherein the thread portion is induction tempered to a hardness value between 25 Rockwell C and 44 Rockwell C;
the shank portion originating at the inside head surface and terminating at the thread portion, and being unthreaded along a full shank portion length extending from the inside head surface to the thread portion; and
the thread portion originating at the shank portion and terminating at a fastening member terminal tip, and the plurality of threads are hardened to the hardness value between 25 Rockwell C and 44 Rockwell C along a full thread portion length extending from the shank portion to the fastening member terminal tip.

US Pat. No. 11,028,456

ELECTRIC RESISTANCE WELDED STEEL PIPE FOR TORSION BEAM

5. An electric resistance welded steel pipe for a torsion beam, the steel pipe comprising a base metal portion and an electric resistance welded portion,wherein a chemical composition of the base metal portion consists of, in terms of % by mass:
0.04 to 0.12% of C,
0.03 to 1.20% of Si,
0.30 to 2.50% of Mn,
0 to 0.030% of P,
0 to 0.010% of S,
0.08 to 0.24% of Ti,
0.005 to 0.500% of Al,
0.01 to 0.06% of Nb,
0.0005 to 0.0100% of N,
0 to 1.00% of Cu,
0 to 1.00% of Ni,
0 to 1.00% of Cr,
0 to 0.50% of Mo,
0 to 0.20% of V,
0 to 0.10% of W,
0 to 0.0200% of Ca,
0 to 0.0200% of Mg,
0 to 0.0200% of Zr,
0 to 0.0200% of REM, and,
a balance consisting of Fe and impurities, wherein:
Vc90, defined by the following Formula (i), is 200 or more,
a mass ratio of Ti content to C content is from 0.85 to 5.00,
an areal ratio of ferrite is 80% or more, an average crystal grain size of ferrite crystal grains is 10 ?m or less, and an average aspect ratio of ferrite crystal grains is 2.0 or less, in a metallographic microstructure of a central portion in a wall thickness direction of an L cross section of the base metal portion, and
a tensile strength in a pipe axis direction is from 750 to 1000 MPa;
log Vc90=2.94?0.75(?a?1)  Formula (i)
?a=2.7C+0.4Si+Mn+0.45Ni+0.8Cr+Mo  Formula (ii)
wherein, in Formula (i), Pa represents a value defined by Formula (ii), and in Formula (ii), element symbols represent % by mass of respective elements.

US Pat. No. 11,028,455

METHOD FOR TREATING LIGNOCELLULOSIC MATERIALS

Stora Enso OYJ, Helsinki...

1. An extraction mixture comprising:a biomass hydrolysis solution that comprises water, a population of mixed sugars comprising xylose, an acid, and impurities; and
a thermally phase separable solvent relative to the water of the biomass hydrolysis solution,
wherein the extraction mixture is configured to separate into two phases with an increased temperature,
wherein a first phase comprises the water of the biomass hydrolysis solution and a second phase comprises the thermally-phase separable solvent.

US Pat. No. 11,028,446

METHODS FOR TREATMENT OF ONCOLOGICAL DISORDERS USING AN EPIMETABOLIC SHIFTER (COENZYME Q10)

Berg LLC, Framingham, MA...

1. A method for treating an oncological disorder in a human, comprising:administering Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) to the human such that treatment occurs, wherein the CoQ10 is in its oxidized form and has a purity between 95% and 100%, and wherein administration of the CoQ10 to the human results in an increase of CoQ10 in the oxidized form in the human, wherein the oncological disorder is selected from the group consisting of pancreatic carcinoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, Ewing's sarcoma, breast cancer, brain cancer, astrocytoma, neuroendocrine cancer, colon cancer, lung cancer, osteosarcoma, prostate cancer, ovarian cancer, Squamous cell Carcinoma, Basal Cell Carcinoma and non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma.

US Pat. No. 11,028,442

SIMULTANEOUS DETECTION OF MULTIPLE NUCLEIC ACID TEMPLATES USING MODIFIED PRIMERS

Bio-ID Diagnostic Inc., ...

1. A method of identifying germline and somatic mutations in a heterogenous sample that carries a template nucleic acid with a mutation region of at least one nucleotide relative to a corresponding wild type template known as the wild type region of a eukaryotic genome;a) using a primer pair comprising an upper primer and a lower primer, wherein one of the lower primer or upper primer comprises a 5? tail sequence comprising:
(i) a detection region of one or more repetitive nucleotide sequences comprising NNX or XXN, wherein N is a first nucleotide and X is a second nucleotide different from the first nucleotide; and
(ii) an indicator region 5? of the detection region with one or more repetitive nucleotides YY, wherein Y is a nucleotide different from N and X, and
b) using DNA polymerase or DNA ligase, the primer pair flanks the mutation in the mutation template and amplifies a segment of the mutation template encompassing the mutation region, generating a mutation amplicon by polymerase chain reaction, and
amplifies a segment of the wild type template encompassing the wild type region, generating a wild type amplicon by polymerase and/or by ligase chain reaction, the mutation template and the wild type amplicons comprising the detection region and the indicator region, and
c) sequencing both the wild type amplicons and the mutation amplicons simultaneously using a sequencing primer that comprises a primer selected from the group consisting of a primer that anneals to the wild type amplicon upstream of the wild type region, a primer that anneals to the mutation amplicon upstream of the mutation region, a primer that comprises a 3? end that anneals downstream of the mutation region and a 5? end that anneals upstream of the mutation region and a primer that comprises a 3? end that anneals upstream of the mutation region and a 5? end that anneals downstream of the mutation region, and
by dideoxy chain termination method, and capillary electrophoresis, generates two nucleotide sequences that are automatically aligned and displayed on an electropherogram, and
determining that a mutation is present in the sample when a mutation template read sequence comprises a shifted detection region and a shifted indicator region compared to the wild type template read sequence.

US Pat. No. 11,028,436

UNIVERSAL SHORT ADAPTERS FOR INDEXING OF POLYNUCLEOTIDE SAMPLES

Illumina, Inc., San Dieg...

1. A method for sequencing target nucleic acids derived from a plurality of samples, comprising(a) contacting a plurality of index polynucleotides with target nucleic acids derived from the plurality of samples to generate a plurality of index-target polynucleotides, wherein
index polynucleotides contacted with target nucleic acids derived from each sample comprise an index sequence or a combination of index sequences that is uniquely associated with that sample,
the index sequence or the combination of index sequences is selected from a set of index sequences, and
a Hamming distance between any two index sequences of the set of index sequences is not less than a first criterion value, wherein the first criterion value is at least 2;
(b) pooling the plurality of index-target polynucleotides;
(c) sequencing the pooled index-target polynucleotides to obtain a plurality of index reads of index sequences and a plurality of target reads of target sequences, each target read being associated with at least one index read; and
(d) using the index reads to determine the target reads' sources of samples.

US Pat. No. 11,028,435

OPTIMAL INDEX SEQUENCES FOR MULTIPLEX MASSIVELY PARALLEL SEQUENCING

Illumina, Inc., San Dieg...

1. A set of oligonucleotides comprising a plurality of subsets of oligonucleotides, wherein:the set of oligonucleotides is configured to identify sources of nucleic acid samples in multiplex massively parallel sequencing, each of the nucleic acid samples comprising a plurality of nucleic acid molecules;
the set of oligonucleotides comprises a set of index sequences comprising at least 6 different index sequences, each subset of the plurality of subsets of oligonucleotides comprising a plurality of index sequences of the set of index sequences;
a Hamming distance between any two index sequences of the set of index sequences is not less than a first criterion value, wherein the first criterion value is at least 2; and
the set of index sequences comprises a plurality of pairs of color-balanced index sequences, wherein any two bases at corresponding sequence positions of each pair of color-balanced index sequences include both (i) an adenine (A) base or a cytosine (C) base, and (ii) a guanine (G) base, a thymine (T) base, or a uracil (U) base.

US Pat. No. 11,028,434

EXPONENTIAL BASE-GREATER-THAN-2 NUCLEIC ACID AMPLIFICATION

CEPHEID, Sunnyvale, CA (...

11. A method for amplifying a target nucleic acid in a sample, wherein the target nucleic acid comprises a first template strand and, optionally, a second template strand, wherein the second template strand is complementary to the first template strand, the method comprising:(a) contacting the sample with:
(i) at least three first primers capable of hybridizing to the first template strand, wherein the at least three first primers comprise a first outer primer, a first intermediate primer, and a first inner primer,
the first outer primer comprising a primer sequence d that specifically hybridizes to first template strand sequence d?;
the first intermediate primer comprising a primer sequence a that specifically hybridizes to first template strand sequence a?, wherein a? is adjacent to, and 5? of, d?, and wherein single-stranded primer sequence a is linked at its 5? end to a first strand of a double-stranded primer sequence comprising:
a primer sequence d adjacent to, and 5? of, single-stranded primer sequence a; and
a clamp sequence c1 adjacent to, and 5- of, primer sequence d, wherein clamp sequence c1 is not complementary to a first strand template sequence i?, which is adjacent to, and 3? of, first strand template sequence d?; and
the first inner primer comprising a single-stranded primer sequence b that specifically hybridizes to first template strand sequence b?, wherein b? is adjacent to, and 5? of, a?, and wherein single-stranded primer sequence b is linked at its 5? end to a first strand of a double-stranded primer sequence comprising:
a primer sequence a adjacent to, and 5? of, single-stranded primer sequence b;
a primer sequence d adjacent to, and 5? of, primer sequence a; and
a clamp sequence c2 adjacent to, and 5? of, primer sequence d, wherein clamp sequence c2 is not complementary to first strand template sequence i?, wherein c1 has a different sequence than c2; and
(ii) at least one second primer capable of specifically hybridizing to the second template strand,
wherein the contacting is carried out under conditions wherein the primers anneal to their template strands, if present; and
(b) amplifying the target nucleic acid, if present, using a DNA polymerase lacking 5?-3? exonuclease activity, under conditions where strand displacement occurs, to produce amplicons that comprise sequence extending from template sequence a? to the binding site for the second primer.

US Pat. No. 11,028,432

INDUCTION PCR

BioFire Diagnostics, LLC,...

1. A device for thermal cycling a plurality of samples comprising:an induction heater and an array of sample wells formed in an electrically conductive material, wherein the induction heater is configured to receive therein the array of sample wells formed in the electrically conductive material, wherein when received, the array is suspended within the induction heater, wherein each of a plurality of the sample wells comprise a target nucleic acid, a thermostable polymerase, and primers configured for amplification of the target nucleic acid sequence, wherein the polymerase is provided at a concentration of at least 0.5 ?M and the primers are each provided at a concentration of at least 2 ?M,
a power supply for providing the current to the induction heater, and
an air source configured to provide air to cool the array of sample wells.

US Pat. No. 11,028,429

FULL INTERROGATION OF NUCLEASE DSBS AND SEQUENCING (FIND-SEQ)

The General Hospital Corp...

1. A library of covalently closed DNA fragments, the library obtained by a method comprising:providing DNA;
randomly shearing the DNA to a defined average length to provide a population of DNA fragments;
preparing the population of DNA fragments for end-ligation;
ligating to the ends of the fragments a first hairpin adapter comprising a single stranded hairpin loop region comprising at least a single deoxyuridine and a first primer site, to prepare a first population of ligated fragments;
purifying the ligated fragments using an exonuclease, to prepare a population of purified ligated fragments;
treating the purified ligated fragments with a nuclease to induce double stranded breaks, including site-specific breaks, of the DNA;
optionally end-repairing and then A-tailing the resulting ends; and
ligating a second hairpin adapter comprising a first region of 10-20 nucleotides; a second region of 40-60 nucleotides that forms one or more single-stranded hairpin loops and comprises a second primer compatible for use with the first primer site in PCR priming and/or sequencing; and a third region of 10-20 nucleotides that is complementary to the first region and that also contains a single deoxyuridine nucleotide between the second and third regions, to create a population wherein the DNA fragments that were cleaved by the nuclease have a first and second hairpin adapter ligated to their respective ends, thereby producing a library of covalently closed DNA fragments,
wherein one end was created by a nuclease-induced double stranded break in the DNA,
wherein the first hairpin adapter comprises:
a first region of 10-20 nucleotides;
a second region of 45-65 nucleotides that forms one or more single-stranded hairpin loops and comprises a first primer site compatible for use in PCR priming and/or sequencing; and
a third region of 10-20 nucleotides that is complementary to the first region, with a single deoxyuridine nucleotide between the first and second regions,
wherein purifying the ligated fragments using an exonuclease comprises contacting the sample with one or more exonucleases, sufficient to degrade any DNA molecules that lack the first hairpin adapter ligated to both of their ends, and
wherein preparing the population of DNA fragments for end-ligation comprises end-repairing and then A-tailing the sheared DNA.

US Pat. No. 11,028,424

COVALENT TETHERING OF FUNCTIONAL GROUPS TO PROTEINS

Promega Corporation, Mad...

1. A compound of formula (I): R-linker-A-X,wherein R is selected from the group consisting of a nucleic acid molecule, an amino acid, a peptide, a receptor protein, a glycoprotein, an antibody, a lipid, a hapten, a receptor ligand, a fluorophore, a drug, a toxin, and an affinity molecule,
wherein R is not biotin,
wherein the linker is a multiatom straight or branched chain including C, N, S and/or O and comprising no more than 30 carbon atoms,
wherein A-X is a substrate for a dehalogenase,
wherein A is (CH2)n and n=2-10, and
wherein X is a halogen.

US Pat. No. 11,028,402

POLYPEPTIDE AND YEAST CELL COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS OF USING THE SAME

WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH...

1. A polynucleotide encoding a polypeptide comprising at least 95% sequence identity to SEQ ID NO: 4 and comprising at least six amino acid substitutions to SEQ ID NO: 4 at positions selected from the group consisting of S468, I503, G504, N505, V508, I512, N522, F534, L536, V538, and I540; or a functional fragment of the polypeptide thereof, wherein the polypeptide or functional fragment thereof has maltotriose transporter activity.

US Pat. No. 11,028,400

METHOD FOR PRODUCING SELENONEINE

KIKKOMAN CORPORATION, No...

1. A method for producing selenoneine, comprising the step of applying histidine and selenocystine to a transformant produced by using as a host organism Aspergillus sojae or oryzae that has a gene encoding an enzyme of (1) introduced therein as foreign gene and that can overexpress the introduced gene to obtain selenoneine,wherein the enzyme of (1) catalyzes a reaction in which hercynylselenocysteine of formula [I] is produced from histidine and selenocysteine in the presence of S-adenosylmethionine and iron (II),
wherein the gene encoding the enzyme of (1) has the nucleotide sequence of SEQ ID NO:1 or the enzyme (1) has the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:4,
wherein formula [I] is:

wherein the host organism further has a second gene encoding an enzyme of (2) expressed therein,
wherein the enzyme of (2) catalyzes a reaction in which selenoneine is produced from hercynylselenocysteine shown in the formula [I] using pyridoxal 5?-phosphate as a coenzyme, and
wherein the second gene encoding the enzyme of (2) has the nucleotide sequence of SEQ ID NO:2 or 3, or the enzyme (2) has the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 5 or 6.

US Pat. No. 11,028,390

ANTISENSE OLIGONUCLEOTIDE CONTROLLING EXPRESSION AMOUNT OF TDP-43 AND USE THEREOF

Osaka University, Suita ...

1. An antisense oligonucleotide targeting TAR DNA-binding domain 43 (TDP-43) mRNA, comprising a nucleotide sequence complementary to a sequence consisting of at least 15 continuous nucleotides in the nucleotide sequence of any of SEQ ID NOs: 2-4, wherein the oligonucleotide comprises modification of one or more kinds of sugar-phosphoric acid backbone.

US Pat. No. 11,028,372

SCALABLE PURIFICATION METHOD FOR AAVRH10

The Trustees of the Unive...

1. A method for separating recombinant AAVrh10 (rAAVrh10) viral particles containing DNA comprising pharmacologically active genomic sequences from genome-deficient AAVrh10 capsid intermediates, said method comprising:(a) separating rAAVrh10 viral particles and AAVrh10 capsid intermediates from non-AAV contaminants obtained from an AAV producer cell culture which comprises an expression cassette encoding an AAVrh10 capsid protein operably linked to expression control sequences which direct expression thereof in the producer cell, an expression cassette comprising sequences for packaging in the AAVrh10 capsid, and an expression cassette comprising helper viruses necessary for production and packaging of the rAAVrh10 into a viral particle, wherein the separation is performed using an AAVrh10-capsid binding affinity resin comprising an AAV specific antibody to afford purified materials of (a);
(b) forming a loading mixture comprising: a suspension which comprises (i) materials of (a) purified by the AAVrh10-capsid binding affinity resin and (ii) a buffer comprising 20 mM Bis-Tris propane (BTP) at a pH of about 10.0, whereby the mixture has a pH of about 10.0;
(c) loading the mixture of (b) onto a quaternary amine anion exchange column, said column being in a vessel having an inlet for a loading flow of a suspension and/or solution and an outlet permitting for an elution flow of eluate from the vessel;
(d) washing the loaded anion exchange column with a buffer comprising 10 mM NaCl and 20 mM BTP, wherein the buffer has a pH of about 10.0;
(e) applying an increasing salt concentration gradient to the loaded and washed anion exchange column, wherein the salt gradient is an elution gradient and ranges from about 10 mM to about 190 mM NaCl, inclusive of the endpoints, or a salt gradient having an ionic strength equivalent thereto, and wherein the ionic strength is calculatable using the following formula:
where ci is the molar concentration of ion i (M, mol/L), zi is the charge number of that ion, and I is taken over all ions in the solution; and(f) monitoring eluate for ultraviolet absorbance at about A260 and at about A280 and collecting the rAAVrh10 particles from a fraction which is eluted when the peak for A260 crosses over and exceeds the peak for A280, said rAAVrh10 particles being purified away from AAVrh10 intermediates.

US Pat. No. 11,028,360

SEPARATOR FOR MICROORGANISMS IN CAVITARY CONTENTS

NANJING FMT MEDICAL CO., ...

1. A separator for microorganisms in cavitary contents, comprising:a raw material vessel , provided with a filling opening and an odor outlet, an agitator is arranged in the raw material vessel, a lower part or bottom of the raw material vessel is provided with a discharge outlet, and the discharge outlet is connected to an inlet of a stage filter;
a stage filter, provided with a material inlet and a material outlet, the material inlet of the stage filter communicates with the discharge outlet of the raw material vessel, the stage filter mainly comprises one or more stage filtration bottles, both ends of each stage filtration bottle are provided respectively with a feed inlet and a discharge outlet, and at least one layer of filter screen is arranged in each stage filtration bottle; if the stage filter comprises a plurality of stage filtration bottles, all the stage filtration bottles are connected in series, parallel or series and parallel; the stage filter is arranged partially or completely in a vibrator which can rock, shake or wave liquid in the stage filtration bottles;
a liquid storage vessel, provided with a liquid outlet, the liquid outlet communicates with the filling opening of the raw material vessel through a filling pipeline, or the liquid outlet communicates with both the filling opening of the raw material vessel and the feed inlet of at least one stage filtration bottle through the filling pipeline, and a switch and/or a filling driver for exporting water in the liquid storage vessel is arranged on the filling pipeline;
a separated material vessel, being closed, a top or upper part of the separated material vessel is provided with an odor outlet and a material inlet communicating with the material outlet of the stage filter, and the bottom or lower part of the separated material vessel is provided with a bacterium liquid outlet;
a separate loading unit, comprising at least one separate loading bottle, a top of the separate loading bottle is provided with a bacterium liquid inlet and a bacterium liquid outlet, the bacterium liquid inlet of the first separate loading bottle of the separate loading unit communicates with the bacterium liquid outlet of the separated material vessel through a bacterium liquid pipeline, and a bacterium liquid driver for importing bacterium liquid in the separated material vessel into the separate loading bottles is arranged on the bacterium liquid pipeline;
and a deodorizer, provided with an odor inlet and an exhaust outlet, the odor inlet respectively communicates with the odor outlet of the raw material vessel and the odor outlet of the separated material vessel through an odor pipeline, and at least one buffer bottle for buffering and collecting liquid in odor and at least one gas pump for respectively importing odor in the raw material vessel and odor in the separated material vessel into the deodorizer are arranged on the odor pipeline.

US Pat. No. 11,028,359

SEPARATION DEVICES, ASSOCIATED METHODS, AND SYSTEMS

GLOBAL LIFE SCIENCES SOLU...

1. A method for clarifying a bioprocess fluid comprising particles suspended in a cell culture fluid, the method comprising:flowing an unclarified bioprocess fluid from a bioreactor through a plurality of mesofluidic channels of a separation device comprising a fluid inlet and fluid outlet to separate at least a portion of particles of the unclarified bioprocess fluid to generate a substantially clarified bioprocess fluid, the substantially clarified bioprocess fluid having more than 80% of the particles removed relative to the unclarified bioprocess fluid; and
collecting the substantially clarified bioprocess fluid from the fluid outlet of the separation device;
wherein a residence time of the bioprocess fluid between the fluid inlet and fluid outlet of the separation device ranges from 10 minutes to 40 minutes, and wherein the separation device is operated at an angle less than 10° relative to a work surface thereby allowing the particles to settle and collect on a lower interior surface of each mesofluidic channel.

US Pat. No. 11,028,357

SYSTEM FOR ANALYZING AND SORTING OF PETRI DISHES

1. A system for analyzing and sorting of petri dishes comprising an analysis tool, a control unit configured to communicate with the analysis tool, a first elevator movable along a first elevator axis by the control unit, a conveyor with a conveyor plane substantially rectangular to the first elevator axis, and at least one carrier configured to carry the petri dishes along a carrier axis substantially parallel to the first elevator axis, whereinthe analysis tool is configured to analyse the petri dish and to assign information to the petri dish based upon the analysis,
the control unit is configured to move the first elevator along a conveyor direction of the conveyor and to move the petri dish by means of the conveyor on the conveyor plane along the conveyor direction from the analysis tool toward a first neutral position for sorting, and in case of information assigned to the petri dish is a first information, the control unit is configured to move the first elevator into a carrier position, which is virtually situated at the point of intersection of the carrier axis with the conveyor plane and reached as soon as the carrier axis and the first elevator axis substantially coincide, wherein, as soon as the first elevator reaches the carrier position, the control unit is configured to move a substantially flat first plate of the first elevator along the first elevator axis, which first plate is configured to receive the petri dish from the conveyor, to move the first plate from the first neutral position located in the conveyor plane into a first transfer position according to the first information, which is reached as soon as the petri dish is being taken over by the at least one carrier.

US Pat. No. 11,028,356

CELL CULTURE APPARATUS AND METHOD

GUANGZHOU JET BIO-FILTRAT...

1. A cell culture apparatus comprising:a culture column including a first tube-connecting cover, a second tube-connecting cover and at least a scaffold for adherent growth of cells, the first tube-connecting cover, the at least a scaffold and the second tube-connecting cover being sequentially stacked to form a culture column having a closed cavity, and the first tube-connecting cover and the second tube-connecting cover each having a perfusion inlet and a perfusion outlet,
wherein the culture column further includes a sealing ring and a buckle ring, the sealing ring being arranged around an edge of the scaffold, the buckle ring being arranged around an edge of the sealing ring, wherein a buckle ring boss is provided in an inner circumferential side surface of the buckle ring, a buckle ring slot matching the buckle ring boss is provided in an outer circumferential side surface of the sealing ring, and the sealing rings stacked adjacently are in contact with each other; and
a perfusion system including a culture medium storage apparatus, a perfusion tube and a perfusion pump for powering perfusion, the culture medium storage apparatus, the perfusion pump and the perfusion inlet being sequentially communicated via the perfusion tube.

US Pat. No. 11,028,355

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR EFFICIENT BIOREACTOR MIXING AND LIGHT UTILIZATION EMBODYING LOW PROCESS ENERGY AND SCALABILITY

SolarClean Fuels, LLC, F...

1. A bioreactor system comprising:a tubing component comprising a passive microorganism flow modifier;
wherein said passive microorganism flow modifier comprises an inwardly protruding helical spine along an inside surface of at least part of said tubing component;
a plurality of gaps in said inwardly protruding helical spine located along a top inside of said tubing component forming a gas passageway from said gaps along said top inside of said tubing component, wherein said gas passageway is configured to provide gas transport along said top inside of said tubing component;
fluid in said tubing component introduced by a fluid input;
an initial inoculum of microorganisms in said fluid in said tubing component introduced by an inoculate input;
nutrients in said fluid in said tubing component introduced by a nutrient input;
a fluid flow of said fluid comprising said initial inoculum of microorganisms, and said nutrients through said tubing component; and
wherein said inwardly protruding helical spine protrudes from said inside surface of said tubing component to a distance beyond a viscous governed flow field region and into an inviscid flow region of said tubing component; and
wherein said inwardly protruding helical spine is configured to generate cross flows in said fluid flow that convect said microorganisms from a wall of said tubing component toward at least a center of said tubing component resulting in convecting said microorganisms from said center of said tubing component toward said wall of said tubing component when said microorganisms are in said fluid flow in said tubing component.

US Pat. No. 11,028,354

PREPARED PLATED MEDIA PRODUCT

BECTON DICKINSON AND COMP...

1. A system of dispensable plates for preparing and inoculating media comprising:a first continuous strip of bases each having a reservoir portion and a lip surrounding the reservoir;
a second continuous strip of lids, each lid adapted to be placed on and attached to the lip of the base; and
a third continuous strip of covers having a peripheral planar surface extending between an at least one edge of the cover and a raised portion remote from the at least one edge of the cover, the raised portion rising from the peripheral planar surface such that the raised portion includes a wall extending upward from the peripheral planar surface, each cover adapted to be placed over the lip of the base and attached directly to the base.

US Pat. No. 11,028,353

METHOD FOR REMOVING UNWANTED COMPONENT INCLUDED IN BEVERAGE

THE NIKKA WHISKY DISTILLI...

1. A method for removing an unwanted component included in a beverage, comprising:(1) bringing the beverage into contact with a metal-supported zeolite; and
(2) bringing the beverage, which has been brought into contact with the metal-supported zeolite, into contact with a metal-trapping material, wherein
[i] the unwanted component is at least one selected from the group consisting of dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) and dimethyl trisulfide (DMTS);
the unwanted component is removed in both steps (1) and (2);
the beverage is alcoholic beverages;
[ii] a metal which constitutes the metal-supported zeolite is silver;
the amount of silver is 5 to 25 mass % based on a total amount of the metal-supported zeolite;
[iii] the metal-trapping material is a zeolite having Na+ as an ion-exchangeable cation;
flavor and aroma components are substantially left in the beverage; and
[iv] the flavor and aroma components include acetaldehyde; and
contact with the metal-supported zeolite and the metal-trapping material does not reduce the concentration of acetaldehyde.

US Pat. No. 11,028,351

UNIT DOSE DETERGENT PACKS WITH ANTI-YELLOWING AND ANTI-EFFLORESCENCE FORMULATIONS

1. A unit dose pack comprising:a container, wherein the container comprises a film, and wherein the film is water soluble;
a wash composition encapsulated within the container;wherein:the wash composition comprises:
a C12-C15 alcohol ethoxylate in an amount of about 23.1 weight percent;
propylene glycol in an amount of about 8 weigh percent;
an optical brightener in an amount of about 0.2 weight percent;
glycerin in an amount of about 9.2 weight percent;
polyethylene glycol in an amount of about 17.7 weight percent;
a bittering agent in an amount of about 0.013 weight percent;
alcohol ether sulfate in an amount of about 13.5 weight percent;
sodium hydroxide in an amount of about 0.28 weight percent;
triethanol amine in amount of about 1.06 weight percent;
coconut fatty acids in an amount of about 4 weight percent;
polyethoxylated polyethyleneimine in an amount of about 1.6 weight percent;
an enzyme in an amount of about 1.5 weight percent; and
water,
where all weight percents are based on the total weight of the wash composition.

US Pat. No. 11,028,345

ORGANIC HEMP DRYER SHEET

1. An apparatus comprising a dryer sheet constructed as a single layer of 100% organic hemp fibers with an average thickness of 0.25 inches or less woven together to produce a dryer sheet thickness of 0.01 inches or less, the dryer sheet consisting of only hemp fibers without any additional chemicals and oils.

US Pat. No. 11,028,344

COMPOSITION FOR AESTHETIC IMPROVEMENT OF FOOD AND BEVERAGE CONTAINERS AND METHODS THEREOF

Diversey, Inc., Fort Mil...

1. A composition for cleaning and reducing surface defects on beverage containers, the composition comprising:5 wt % to 15 wt % of a salt of methylglycine diacetic acid;
5 wt % to 15 wt % of sodium gluconate;
0.1 wt % to 20 wt % of at least one ingredient selected from an acrylate/maleate copolymer, a zinc salt, or mixtures thereof;
0.1 wt % to 5 wt % of at least one antiscalant selected from aminotris(methylenephosphonic acid), 1-hydroxyethylidene-1,1-diphosphonic acid, or mixtures thereof; and
0.1 wt % to 10 wt % of at least one surfactant selected from an ethylene oxide/propylene oxide block copolymer, an alkoxylated primary or secondary alcohol, or mixtures thereof.

US Pat. No. 11,028,342

USE OF AN IONIC LIQUID AND ALCOHOL BLEND TO MODIFY THE RHEOLOGY OF POLYETHOXYLATED ALCOHOL SULFATES

1. A polyethoxylated alcohol sulfate blend consisting essentially of:sodium laureth ether sulfate (SLES),
ethanol,
tris(2-hydroxyethyl) methyl-ammonium methyl sulfate, and
water;
wherein the sodium laureth ether sulfate is present in an amount ranging from about 20% to about 80% by weight of the blend,
wherein the ethanol is present with the tris(2-hydroxyethyl) methyl-ammonium methylsulfate in a weight ratio of about 6:12 to about 6:18, and
wherein the blend does not include any component other than the sodium laureth ether sulfate, the water, the ethanol, and the tris(2-hydroxyethyl) methyl-ammonium methyl sulfate.

US Pat. No. 11,028,341

CLEANING AND RINSE AID COMPOSITIONS AND EMULSIONS OR MICROEMULSIONS EMPLOYING OPTIMIZED EXTENDED CHAIN NONIONIC SURFACTANTS

Ecolab USA Inc., Saint P...

1. A cleaning composition/rinse aid capable of forming microemulsions comprising:an extended chain nonionic surfactant of the following formula:
R—[PO]x-[EO]y
where R is C8-20 linear hydrocarbon radical having from about 8 to 20 carbon atoms, x is 4-8; y is the average degree of ethoxylation ranging from 2 to 20,
wherein the cleaning composition/rinse aid forms the microemulsion without the need for linker or other cosurfactants.

US Pat. No. 11,028,339

SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND/OR METHODS FOR MANAGING CANDLES

1. A candle comprising:a first wax layer, the first wax layer having a first melting point, the first wax layer lacking apertures in a side surface thereof;
a second wax layer, the second wax layer having a second melting point;
wherein:
the first melting point is greater than the second melting point; and
as the second wax layer melts, an image is visible via light passing through portions of the first wax layer corresponding to the image, wherein wax of the portions of the first wax layer corresponding to the image are thinner than other portions of the first wax layer.

US Pat. No. 11,028,338

METHOD FOR MAKING FULL USE OF LIPPIA ORIGANOIDES

UNIVERSIDAD INDUSTRIAL DE...

1. A process for extracting compounds of interest from Lippia origanoides plants comprising the steps of:step a) reducing a plant material of Lippia origanoides plant to a particle size between 0.5 cm and 5 cm;
step b) loading the reduced plant material from step a) into a distillation equipment;
step c) subjecting the loaded plant material from step b) to a first distillation thereby producing distillates;
step d) separating said distillates into a light fraction and a heavy fraction;
step e) drying a residue of the distilled plant material from step c); and
step f) subjecting said dried residue from step e) to an extraction with solvents to recover other compounds;
wherein the process is performed continuously.

US Pat. No. 11,028,337

STRUCTURE INCLUDING RICE HULL ASH AND REINFORCING BINDER FOR ADSORBING CONTAMINANTS FROM COOKING OIL

FreshFry LLC, Louisville...

1. A structure for adsorbing contaminants from cooking oil, comprising:an outer shell comprised of a filter material; and
an adsorbing mixture comprising rice hull ash blended with a reinforcing binder, wherein the adsorbing mixture is in the form of particles having a particle size from about 0.30 millimeters (300 microns) to about 1.40 millimeters (1400 microns), with an average particle size of about 0.60 millimeters (600 microns) to about 0.70 millimeters (700 microns); and
wherein the adsorbing mixture is arranged to be enclosed by the outer shell, such that, in use, cooking oil with the contaminants passes through the outer shell, contacts the adsorbing mixture within the outer shell, and then again passes through the outer shell with substantially fewer contaminants.

US Pat. No. 11,028,336

OIL PURIFICATION PROCESS

NESTE OYJ, Espoo (FI)

1. A method for purification of lipid material, the method comprising:a) providing a feed of lipid material;
b) heat treating the lipid material without added water or other solvent wherein heat treatment takes place at any temperature in a range of 240° C. to 280° C., and wherein a residence time in step b) is maintained during a period of 1 minute to 30 minutes and wherein the lipid material has not undergone any pre-treatment prior to heating and wherein the heat treatment is performed in a pressure chamber; and
c) post treating the lipid material by a water treatment step which is performed in a presence of water in an amount of 1 wt % to 3 wt % to a volume of the lipid material;
wherein water treatment step c) is performed at a temperature of 130° C. to 220° C., to thereby reduce an amount of phosphorous and/or metal compounds in the lipid material.

US Pat. No. 11,028,334

GRADIENT COPOLYMER, ITS PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION THEREOF

RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF PET...

1. A gradient copolymer comprising or consisting of a plurality of polymer components, wherein each of the plurality polymer components independently is an addition polymer of a monomer of formula (I), and/or a mixture of monomers of formula (I),oreach of the plurality of polymer components independently comprises or consists essentially of one or more structural units of formula (I-1),

wherein a total number of the plurality of polymer components is n, and n is an integer within the closed interval [5, ?], and in formula (I) or formula (I-1),
the group R1 is H or

the group R2 is H or a C1-4 linear or branched alkyl,
a is 0 or 1,
the group R? is H or a group R3,
the group R3 is a C1-C30 linear or branched alkyl group, and
wherein an average number of carbon atoms in side chain of the i-th polymer component, as determined by nuclear magnetic resonance, is Xi, wherein i is an integer from 1 to n, and X1 wherein a weight percentage of the i-th polymer component relative to a total weight of the plurality of polymer components is Yi, and Y1 . . . >Yn?1>Yn,
wherein j is an integer within the closed interval [(n+1)/4, 3(n+1)/4], and
Y1+Y2+ . . . +Yi+ . . . +Yn?1+Yn=100%,
wherein Yi and Xi satisfy the following relationship,

wherein ? is a value within the open interval (12.5, 14.2), and ? is a value within the open interval (0.5, 2).

US Pat. No. 11,028,332

INTEGRATED SELECTIVE HYDROCRACKING AND FLUID CATALYTIC CRACKING PROCESS

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. An integrated process for conversion of a feedstock to produce hydrocracked product and fluidized catalytically cracked product, the process comprising:a. separating, in an aromatic separation zone, a hydrocarbon feed and an unconverted bottoms recycle stream, into
an aromatic-lean fraction that contains labile organosulfur compounds and
an aromatic-rich fraction that contains refractory aromatic organosulfur and/or organonitrogen compounds,
wherein feed to the aromatic separation zone comprises the unconverted bottoms recycle stream and the hydrocarbon feed,
wherein the hydrocarbon feed is selected from the group consisting of straight run gas oil, vacuum gas oil, deasphalted oil or demetalized oil obtained from a solvent deasphalting process, light coker or heavy coker gas oil obtained from a coker process, gas oil obtained from a visbreaking process, and a combination comprising two or more of the foregoing;
b. passing the aromatic-rich fraction to a hydrocracking reaction zone operating at a hydrogen partial pressure of at least about 60 Kg/cm2 to convert at least a portion of refractory aromatic organosulfur and/or organonitrogen compounds and to produce hydrocracked product and an unconverted bottoms effluent;
c. recycling at least a portion of the unconverted bottoms effluent to the aromatic separation step as the unconverted bottoms recycle stream in step (a); and
d. passing a fluid catalytic cracking feed to a fluid catalytic cracking reaction zone to produce cracked product, a light cycle oil stream and a heavy cycle oil stream, wherein the fluid catalytic cracking feed consists essentially of the aromatic-lean fraction or wherein the fluid catalytic cracking feed consists essentially of the aromatic-lean fraction in combination with a portion of the unconverted bottoms effluent.

US Pat. No. 11,028,331

PROCESS FOR RECOVERING HYDROCARBON FROM HYDROPROCESSED GASEOUS STREAM

UOP LLC, Des Plaines, IL...

1. A process for recovering hydrocarbons comprising:hydroprocessing a hydrocarbon feed stream in a hydroprocessing reactor to provide a hydroprocessed effluent stream;
stripping a hydroprocessed stream taken from said hydroprocessed effluent stream to provide a stripper gaseous stream and a stripped liquid stream; and
absorbing C5+ hydrocarbons from said stripper gaseous stream by contact with an absorbent stream to provide a C5+-rich absorbent stream, wherein said absorbent stream is taken from said stripped liquid stream.

US Pat. No. 11,028,330

HYDROTREATMENT OR HYDROCONVERSION PROCESS WITH A STRIPPER AND A LOW PRESSURE SEPARATOR DRUM IN THE FRACTIONATION SECTION

AXENS, Rueil-Malmaison (...

1. A facility capable of hydrotreatment or hydroconversion of gas oils, vacuum distillates, atmospheric or vacuum residues or of an effluent from a Fischer-Tropsch unit, comprising at least:a reaction section R-1,
a high pressure hot separator drum B-1, supplied with effluent obtained from the reaction section R-1 and from which a bottom stream is supplied to separator drum B-5,
a high pressure cold separator drum B-2, supplied with an overhead stream leaving the high pressure hot separator drum B-1 and from which a liquid bottom stream is supplied to stripper C-1,
a compression zone K supplied with gaseous effluent obtained from B-2, termed recycled hydrogen,
a low pressure hot separator drum B-5, supplied with a liquid stream obtained from B-1, operating at a pressure of 0.3 to 2.0 MPa, and from which an overhead gaseous effluent constitutes a portion of the feed for the stripper C-1, and from which a liquid effluent constitutes a first portion of feed for fractionation column C-2 without separation of acid gases,
a separation column C-1 also termed a stripper supplied with a liquid stream obtained from B-2, and a gaseous stream obtained from B-5, producing an acid gaseous fraction and a bottom product stripped of gases that constitutes an other portion of the feed for the fractionation column C-2,
a principal fractionation column C-2, supplied with the bottom stream from the stripper C-1 and with the liquid bottom stream obtained from B-5 directly without separation of acid gases, and which separates the following cuts: naphtha, diesel, kerosene and residue,
a furnace F-1 heating feed to the reaction section R-1 and/or a portion of hydrogen necessary for said reaction section R-1.

US Pat. No. 11,028,329

PRODUCING C6-C8 AROMATICS FROM FCC HEAVY NAPHTHA

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY...

1. A method of forming C6-C8 aromatics, comprising:selectively de-alkylating a Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) heavy cut naphtha (HCN),
wherein at least 90 vol % of the FCC HCN is C9+,
wherein the FCC HCN comprises at least C9+ aromatics, to selectively crack C2+ alkyl chains from the C9+ aromatics, thereby forming the C6-C8 aromatics;
combining the selectively de-alkylated heavy cut naphtha with a FCC middle cut naphtha (MCN); and
separating aromatics including the C6-C8 aromatics from the combined stream.

US Pat. No. 11,028,328

SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES FOR CATALYTIC REFORMING OF A HYDROCARBON FEED STOCK

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A process for catalytic reforming of a hydrocarbon feedstock, the process comprising:contacting the hydrocarbon feedstock with a first catalyst in a first reforming unit, the contacting causing reaction of at least a portion of the hydrocarbon feedstock to produce a first reforming effluent and a used first catalyst;
passing a first portion of the first reforming effluent directly to a second reforming unit;
contacting the first portion of the first reforming effluent with a second catalyst, the contacting causing reaction of at least a portion of the first reforming effluent to produce a second reforming effluent and a used second catalyst;
passing a first portion of the second reforming effluent directly to a third reforming unit;
contacting the first portion of the second reforming effluent with a third catalyst, the contacting causing reaction of at least a portion of the second reforming effluent to produce a reformate effluent and a used third catalyst; and
regenerating at least a first portion of the used first catalyst, at least a first portion of the used second catalyst, and at least a first portion of the used third catalyst to produce a regenerated catalyst,
where the first catalyst, the second catalyst, and the third catalyst each comprise the regenerated catalyst.

US Pat. No. 11,028,327

PARTIAL TRIP SYSTEM FOR ETHYLENE FURNACE WITH GROUND FLARE

ExxonMobil Chemical Paten...

1. A method for operating a steam cracker, comprising:combusting fuel comprising a first fuel heating value in one or more burners of a steam cracker furnace to form a first flue gas, the furnace comprising a plurality of process tubes;
passing a first feed comprising ethane and steam to the plurality of process tubes at a process tube inlet temperature of about 840° C. or more to form a product comprising ethylene, a volume ratio of steam to hydrocarbon in the feed being about 0.2 to about 0.5;
separating an ethylene-containing stream from the product comprising ethylene in a water quench system;
detecting a condition indicating a partial furnace trip is required;
combusting, based on the detected condition, fuel comprising a second fuel heating value in the one or more burners to form a second flue gas, the second fuel heating value being 10% to 40% of the first fuel heating value;
passing, based on the detected condition, a second feed comprising ethane and steam into the plurality of process tubes at a process tube inlet temperature of about 538° C. or more to produce an exit stream comprising ethane and steam, a volume ratio of steam to hydrocarbon in the second feed being about 0.2 to about 0.5, a ratio of a volume flow rate of the second feed relative to a volume flow rate of the first feed being about 0.3 to about 0.6; and
directing at least a portion of the exit stream to a ground flare system.

US Pat. No. 11,028,326

PROCESS FOR HYDROTREATING A RESIDUE STREAM WITH HYDROGEN RECYCLE

UOP LLC, Des Plaines, IL...

1. A process for hydrotreating a hydrocarbon resid stream comprising:adding a first stage hydrogen stream and a water stream to a resid stream;
hydrotreating said resid stream over a demetallation catalyst to demetallize said resid stream in the presence of the first stage hydrogen stream to provide a demetallized resid stream reduced in metals and sulfur concentration, wherein said demetallation catalyst has a pore size distribution with at least about 25% of the pores on said demetallation catalyst being characterized as large pores;
separating said demetallized resid stream into a first stage hot vapor stream and a first stage hot liquid stream with a smaller concentration of hydrogen sulfide than in the demetallized resid stream;
adding a second stage hydrogen stream to said first stage liquid stream; and
hydrotreating said first stage liquid stream over a desulfurization catalyst and the second stage hydrogen stream to provide a desulfurized resid stream;
separating said desulfurized resid stream into a second stage hot vapor stream and a second stage hot liquid stream with a smaller concentration of hydrogen sulfide than in the desulfurized resid stream;
separating said first stage hot vapor stream and said second stage hot vapor stream to provide a cold vapor stream and a cold liquid stream;
compressing said cold vapor stream to provide a recycle hydrogen stream; and
splitting said recycle hydrogen stream into said first stage hydrogen stream and said second stage hydrogen stream.

US Pat. No. 11,028,325

HEAT REMOVAL AND RECOVERY IN BIOMASS PYROLYSIS

Ensyn Renewables, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus for pyrolysis of a biomass feedstock, comprising:i) a pyrolysis reactor;
ii) a solid-gas cyclone separator in fluid communication with the pyrolysis reactor;
iii) a reheater having a lower section and an upper section, the lower section configured to contain a dense phase bed of heat carrier particles, the upper section configured to contain a dilute phase of heat carrier particles, said reheater in fluid communication with the cyclone separator;
iv) a quench liquid distribution system, comprising:
a) a first quench liquid distributor in the lower section, the first quench liquid distributor positioned to be disposed within the dense phase bed; and
b) a second quench liquid distributor in the upper section; and
v) a reheater temperature control system that provides
i) coarse control of heat removal from the reheater by adjusting a flow rate of a first quench stream through the first quench liquid distributor; and
ii) fine control of heat removal from the reheater by adjusting a flow rate of a second quench stream through the second quench liquid distributor.

US Pat. No. 11,028,324

FLAME RETARDANT MIXTURES, THE PRODUCTION AND THE USE THEREOF

1. A flame retardant mixture comprising:99.9999% to 75% by weight of diorganylphosphinic acid salt as component A); and
0.0001% to 13% by weight of iron in the form of an iron-containing substance B1) as component B), where the amount of B1) is 0.0001% to 25% by weight,
where the sum total of A) and B1) is 100% by weight,
wherein the diorganylphosphinic acid salts conform to the formula (II)

wherein
R1 and R2 are the same or different and are independently methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, butyl, n-butyl, tert-butyl, n-pentyl, 2-pentyl, 3 pentyl, 2-methylbutyl, 3-methylbutyl (isopentyl), 3-methylbut-2-yl, 2-methylbut-2-yl, 2,2-dimethylpropyl (neopentyl), hexyl, heptyl, octyl, nonyl, decyl, cyclopentyl, cyclopentylethyl, cyclohexyl, cyclohexylethyl, phenyl, phenylethyl, methylphenyl and/or methylphenylethyl,
m is 1 to 4, and
M is Mg, Ca, Al, Sb, Sn, Ge, Ti, Zr, Zn, Ce, Bi, Sr, Mn, Li, Na and/or K,
and wherein component B1) is present in the form of (a) iron(II) bis and/or iron(III) tris: -(diethylphosphinate), -(dipropylphosphinate), -(butylethylphosphinate), -(n-butylethylphosphinate), -(sec-butylethylphosphinate), -(hexylethylphosphinate), -(dibutylphosphinate), -(hexylbutylphosphinate), -(octylethylphosphinate), -(ethyl(cyclopentylethyl)phosphinate), -(butyl(cyclopentylethyl)phosphinate), -(ethyl(cyclohexylethyl)phosphinate), -(butyl(cyclohexylethyl)phosphinate), -(ethyl(phenylethyl)phosphinate), -(butyl(phenylethyl)phosphinate), -(ethyl(4-methylphenylethyl)phosphinate), -(butyl(4-methylphenylethyl)phosphinate), -(butylcyclopentylphosphinate), -(butylcyclohexylethylphosphinate), -(butylphenylphosphinate), -(ethyl(4-methylphenyl)phosphinate) and/or -(butyl(4-methylphenyl)phosphinate); (b) iron(II) mono and/or iron(III) mono: -(ethylphosphinate), -(propylphosphinate), -(butylphosphinate), -(n-butylphosphinate), -(sec-butylphosphinate), -(hexylphosphinate) and/or -(octylphosphinate); (c) iron(II) and/or iron(III): ethylphosphonate, propylphosphonate, butylphosphonate, n-butylphosphonate, sec-butylphosphonate, hexylphosphonate, octylphosphonate, and/or (d) iron(II) and/or iron(III) salts of: ethyl(cyclopentylethyl)phosphinic acid, butyl(cyclopentylethyl)phosphinic acid, ethyl(cyclohexylethyl)phosphinic acid, butyl(cyclohexylethyl)phosphinic acid, ethyl(phenylethyl)phosphinic acid, butyl(phenylethyl)phosphinic acid, ethyl(4-methylphenylethyl)phosphinic acid, ethylphenylphosphinic acid, butyl(4-methylphenylethyl)phosphinic acid, butylcyclopentylphosphinic acid, butylcyclohexylethylphosphinic acid, butylphenylphosphinic acid, ethyl(4-methylphenyl)phosphinic acid, butyl(4-methylphenyl)phosphinic acid, ethylphosphinylacetic acid and/or ethylphosphinylbutyric acid, hydroxymethyl(ethyl)ethylphosphinic acid, 1 hydroxy-1-methylpropylethylphosphinic acid, butyl ethylphosphonate, acylethylphosphonic anhydride, butylethylphosphonic acid, butylethylphosphinic acid, ethylphosphinylisobutyronitrile (1-cyano-1-methylethylethylphosphinic acid), propylethylphosphinic acid, t-butyl ethylphosphonate, t-butylethylphosphinic acid, hydroxymethyl(butyl)ethylphosphinic acid, 3-hydroxy-3-methylpentylethylphosphinic acid, propoxyethylethylphosphinic acid, phenylethylethylphosphinic acid, 2-ethylphosphinylethyl laurate, ethylpentylphosphinic acid, t-butoxyethylethylphosphinic acid, ethylphosphinylisohexanonitrile, hexylethylphosphinic acid and/or ethylphosphinylethyl sulfate.

US Pat. No. 11,028,321

ETCHING COMPOSITION, METHOD FOR ETCHING INSULATING LAYER OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AND METHOD FOR PREPARING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES

SK Innovation Co., Ltd., ...

1. An etching composition comprising:phosphoric acid;
phosphoric anhydride;
a silane compound represented by Formula 1 below; and
water:

wherein
R1 to R6 are independently hydrogen, halogen, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 hydrocarbyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a carboxy group, a carbonyl group, a nitro group, a tri (C1-C20-alkyl) silyl group, a phosphoryl group, or a cyano group,
L is a direct bond or C1-C3 hydrocarbylene,
A is an n-valent radical, and
n is an integer of 1 to 4.

US Pat. No. 11,028,319

PASSIVE THERMALLY DRIVEN VARIABLE OPACITY MATERIALS

E Ink Corporation, Bille...

1. A variable opacity material comprising an emulsion of an aqueous polymeric solution and a hydrophobic polymer, wherein:the aqueous polymeric solution comprises hydroxypropyl cellulose or poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) and from 10 to 60 wt. % of an alkaline earth metal salt, wherein the hydroxypropyl cellulose or poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) phase separates at temperatures above the lower critical solution temperature (LCST),
the aqueous polymeric solution has an LCST from 0 to 100° C.,
the aqueous polymeric solution is emulsified in the hydrophobic polymer,
the aqueous polymeric solution is a discontinuous phase of the emulsion and the hydrophobic polymer is a continuous phase of the emulsion, and
below the LCST, the difference between refractive indices of the aqueous polymeric solution and the hydrophobic polymer is less than or equal to 0.05.

US Pat. No. 11,028,318

PROPPANT COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS OF USE

CARBO Ceramics Inc., Hou...

1. A method of hydraulic fracturing a subterranean formation, comprising:injecting a hydraulic fluid into a subterranean formation at a rate and pressure sufficient to open a fracture therein; and
injecting a fluid containing a proppant composition, wherein the proppant composition comprises a plurality of particulates, at least one particulate of the plurality of particulates comprising a nanoparticle metallic tracer; and
wherein the nanoparticle metallic tracer separates from the at least one particulate when located inside the fracture after a predetermined period of time; and
wherein the at least one particulate further comprises a coating that at least partially coats the at least one particulates.

US Pat. No. 11,028,316

TUNABLE INJECTION FLUID BASED ON NATURAL GAS LIQUIDS, GAS, AND NANOPARTICLES FOR IMPROVED HYDROCARBON RECOVERY

Linde Aktiengesellschaft,...

1. A method for improved hydrocarbon recovery, comprising:injecting an injection fluid through an injection well into a hydrocarbon reservoir, wherein the injection fluid comprises Y-Grade natural gas liquids (NGL) and surface functionalized nanoparticles, wherein the Y-Grade NGL is an unfractionated hydrocarbon mixture that is a byproduct of a de-methanized hydrocarbon stream and comprises ethane, propane, butane, isobutene, pentane, and less than 1 percent methane, wherein the surface functionalized nanoparticles are configured to alter wettability of solid surfaces and alter the interfacial tension between fluids in the reservoir, and wherein the surface functionalized nanoparticles are hydrophobic;
providing the hydrophobic surface functionalized nanoparticles in a solvent solution that solubilizes with the Y-Grade NGL;
injecting a gas through the injection well into the reservoir to displace the injection fluid into the reservoir; and
producing hydrocarbons from the resource reservoir via the injection well or a production well offset from the injection well.

US Pat. No. 11,028,315

ZWITTERIONIC SURFACTANTS SUITABLE FOR ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY

RHODIA OPERATIONS, Paris...

1. A surfactant having the formula (I):
wherein:
each of Ra and Rb, which are identical or different, is a linear or branched, saturated or unsaturated, hydrocarbon chain that is optionally interrupted and/or substituted by at least a monocyclic or polycyclic group,
each of Rc and Rd, which are identical or different, is a linear or branched, alkyl chain having 1 to 10 carbon atoms,
each of (E1) and (E2) is a divalent hydrocarbon radical linear or branched, not substituted or substituted, optionally carrying a —OH group, and
A is:
a carboxylate group —COO?, optionally in all or part in its protonated form —COOH; or
a sulfonate group —SO3?, optionally in all or part in its protonated form —SO3H.

US Pat. No. 11,028,313

NANOPARTICLE CARRIER PLATFORM AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLED RELEASE OF SUBTERRANEAN WELL TREATMENT ADDITIVES

Tomson Technologies, Hou...

1. A nanoparticle having a formula of:A/[Mx1My2Mz3]OnHm
where
M1, M2, and M3 are in the crystal lattice structure of the nanoparticle and M1 is a Column l3 element selected from aluminum (Al), gallium (Ga), indium (In), or thallium (Tl), M2 and M3 are each a Column 2 metal, a Column 14 metal, or a transition metal, with the proviso that M2 and M3 are different, and
x is 0.03 to 3, y is 0.01 to 0.4, z is 0.01 to 0.4 and n and m are determined by the oxidation states of the metals M1, M2, and M3.

US Pat. No. 11,028,312

TREATING SEAWATER FOR HYDROCARBON PRODUCTION

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A method of hydraulic fracturing a geological formation, comprising:receiving seawater for the hydraulic fracturing, the seawater comprising a sulfate concentration of at least 3000 milligrams per liter (mg/L);
mixing an additive with the seawater to precipitate sulfate in the seawater;
mixing a flocculating agent with the seawater to agglomerate sulfate precipitate in the seawater;
removing sulfate precipitate from the seawater to give treated seawater; and
injecting fracturing fluid comprising the treated seawater through a wellbore into the geological formation to hydraulically fracture the geological formation.

US Pat. No. 11,028,310

METHOD FOR TREATING THE AREA SURROUNDING A WELL USING AN AQUEOUS GELLING SOLUTION COMPRISING AN ALKALINE POTASSIUM SILICATE SOLUTION AND AN ACETIC ACID

IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES, ...

1. A process for the treatment of the area surrounding a well within a subterranean formation, the well being for storage of acid gas in the subterranean formation, the process comprising:preparing an aqueous gelling solution comprising an alkaline potassium silicate solution and an acetic acid; and
injecting the aqueous gelling solution from the well into the subterranean formation, in order to treat, within the subterranean formation, the area surrounding the well,
wherein the acid gas is stored in the subterranean formation prior to injecting the aqueous gelling solution.

US Pat. No. 11,028,309

METHOD OF USING RESIN COATED SIZED PARTICULATES AS SPACER FLUID

Baker Hughes Oilfield Ope...

1. A method of separating an aqueous cement slurry from a drilling mud in a wellbore, the method comprising:(a) introducing a spacer fluid into the wellbore, after introducing the drilling mud and before introducing the aqueous cement slurry, the spacer fluid comprising:
(i) a weighting agent;
(ii) a hydratable gellant having a particle size distribution from about 150 mesh to about 300 mesh; and
(iii) particulates of a resin encapsulated hydratable polymeric viscosifying agent having a particle size distribution such that 100% of the particulates are retained on a 6 mesh screen and at least 90% of the particulates are retained on a 20 mesh screen;
(b) forming a viscous fluid comprising the weighting agent suspended therein by hydrating the hydratable gellant;
(c) degrading the hydrated gellant in the viscous fluid at a bottom hole circulating temperature (BHCT); the BHCT being less than or equal to T1, wherein T1 is at least 175° F.;
(d) degrading no more than 20% of the resin encapsulating the hydratable polymeric viscosifying agent at a BHCT less than or equal to T1 and degrading at least 80% of the resin encapsulating the hydratable polymeric viscosifying agent at a BHCT less than or equal to T2, wherein T2 is greater than T1; and
(e) maintaining the weighting agent suspended in the viscous fluid at a bottom hole temperature in excess of T2.

US Pat. No. 11,028,306

SOLID/LIQUID HIGH FILM STRENGTH FLUID LUBRICANT

University of Louisiana a...

1. A drilling mud additive comprising:a. a determined volume of water; and
b. GSH Dry Lubricant comprising at least 4 percent concentration by weight of Titanium; wherein said GSH Dry Lubricant is suspended in said water.

US Pat. No. 11,028,305

DELAYED BREAKER COMPOSITION

HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVIC...

1. A method comprising:pumping an aqueous base fluid having a saccharide gelling agent into a wellbore;
introducing a delayed breaker composition for the saccharide gelling agent into the wellbore, the delayed breaker composition consisting essentially of
an oxidative breaker; and
a sequestering agent, the sequestering agent being hydrocarbon miscible and inert to oxidation by the oxidative breaker, the sequestering agent being selected from group of mineral oils, natural oils, C2-C40 alkanes, synthetic oils, waxes, and mixtures thereof, wherein the oxidative breaker is dissolved in the
sequestering agent, and wherein the sequestering agent sequesters the oxidative breaker whereby oxidation of the gelling agent is inhibited; and wherein the delayed breaker composition does not comprise a surfactant;
allowing the delayed breaker composition to contact a hydrocarbon within the wellbore thereby releasing the oxidative breaker;
allowing the oxidative breaker to contact and break the saccharide gelling agent.

US Pat. No. 11,028,304

THERMALLY CONDUCTIVE POLYMER COMPOSITION FOR A HEAT SINK

Ticona LLC, Florence, KY...

1. A heat sink comprising a polymer composition, which comprises a polyamide and thermally conductive particulate material, wherein the thermally conductive material constitutes from about 20 wt. % to about 55 wt. % of the polymer composition, and wherein the polymer composition exhibits a Charpy unnotched impact strength of about 5 kJ/m2 or more as measured at a temperature of 23° C. according to ISO Test No. 179-1:2010 and an in-plane thermal conductivity of about 15 W/m-K or more as determined in accordance with ASTM E 1461-13.

US Pat. No. 11,028,302

COLD STORAGE MEDIUM

PANASONIC CORPORATION, O...

1. A cold storage medium, containing:tetra-n-butylammonium ions;
silver ions;
at least one kind of halide ions selected from the group consisting of fluoride ions, chloride ions, and bromide ions;
water; and
at least one kind of carboxylic acid ions each represented by the following chemical formula (I),
R—COO?  (I)
where R represents a hydrocarbon group.

US Pat. No. 11,028,300

ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY REFRIGERANT COMPOSITIONS

1. A refrigerant composition, comprising:about 53-56 wt. % pentafluoroethane;
about 40-44 wt % 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane;
about 1-5 wt % isobutane; and
0.3-0.7 wt % polyol ester.

US Pat. No. 11,028,299

ANTI-POWDERING AND ANTI-STATIC POLYMER FILM FOR DIGITAL PRINTING

MITSUBISHI POLYESTER FILM...

1. A coated film having anti-static and/or anti-dusting properties comprising:a base film having a first side and a second side, the base film comprising a colored film containing a pigment in an amount from about 5% by weight to about 30% by weight; and
a coating on at least the first side of the film, the coating comprising:
an anti-static agent comprising an anionic copolyester;
an adhesion promoter comprising an alkylene and acrylic acid copolymer present in the dried coating in an amount of from about 20% to about 55% by weight,
a print enhancing agent comprising a vinyl ether present in the dried coating in an amount of from about 10% to about 35% by weight; and
polymethylmethacrylate particles, wherein the polymethylmethacrylate particles are present in the coating in an amount from about 0.5% to about 3% by weight; and
wherein the coated film is free of conductive materials other than the anionic copolyester.

US Pat. No. 11,028,298

PROTEIN-CONTAINING ADHESIVES, AND MANUFACTURE AND USE THEREOF

Evertree, Venette (FR)

1. An adhesive composition in the form of an emulsion, comprising:(a) from about 5% to about 50% (w/w) of a reactive prepolymer, wherein the reactive prepolymer is an organic polyisocyanate;
(b) ground plant meal in an amount sufficient to disperse the reactive prepolymer in an aqueous medium, wherein the ground plant meal is derived from corn, wheat, sunflower, cotton, rapeseed, canola, castor, soy, camelina, flax, jatropha, mallow, peanuts, sugarcane bagasse, tobacco, or a combination thereof; the ground plant meal being present in an amount from about 5% to about 35% (w/w) of the adhesive composition;
(c) from about 0.1% to about 5% w/w of at least one first additive selected from the group consisting of a partially exfoliated clay, an exfoliated clay, an intercalated clay, cellulose nanoparticles, and a mixture of a silicone and a terpene compound; and
(d) from about 30% (w/w) to about 60% (w/w) water.

US Pat. No. 11,028,297

DUAL CURE ADHESIVE COMPOSITION AND METHODS FOR ITS PREPARATION AND USE

Dow Silicones Corporation...

1. An adhesive composition comprising:A) a poly(meth)acrylate clustered functional polyorganosiloxane comprising units of formulae:(R2R1SiO1/2)aa(RR1SiO2/2)bb(R2SiO2/2)cc(RSiO3/2)dd(RSiO3/2)dd(SiO4/2)ee((Rff)O(3-ff)/2SiD1SiRffO(3-ff)/2)gg, where each D1 independently represents a divalent hydrocarbon group of 2 to 18 carbon atoms; each R independently represents a monovalent hydrocarbon group of 1 to 18 carbon atoms or a monovalent halogenated hydrocarbon group of 1 to 18 carbon atoms, each R1 independently represents a methacryl-functional alkyl group or an acryl-functional alkyl group, subscript aa?0, subscript bb?0, a quantity (aa+bb)?4, subscript cc>0, subscript dd?0, subscript ee?0, subscript ff is 0, 1, or 2, subscript gg?2;B) a poly-alkoxy endblocked resin-polymer blend comprising a reaction product of
i) a siloxane resin comprising units of formulae (R2?3SiO1/2) and (SiO4/2), where each R2? is independently a monovalent hydrocarbon group, with the proviso that at least one R2? per molecule has terminal aliphatic unsaturation, where the siloxane resin has a molar ratio of (R2?3SiO1/2) units to (SiO4/2) units ranging from 0.5:1 to 1.5:1,
ii) a polydiorganosiloxane comprising units of formulae (R2?3SiO1/2)ii and (R2SiO2/2)hh, where R2? is as described above, subscript hh is 20 to 1000 and subscript ii has an average value of 2;
iii) an alkoxy-functional organohydrogensiloxane oligomer, wherein the alkoxy-functional organohydrogensiloxane oligomer comprises one or more of
formula (V)

 where subscript a is 0 or a positive number, subscript c is 0 or 1, each R independently represents a monovalent hydrocarbon group of 1 to 18 carbon atoms or a monovalent halogenated hydrocarbon group of 1 to 18 carbon atoms, each R3 is independently a monovalent hydrocarbon group of 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and D is a divalent hydrocarbon group of 2 to 18 carbon atoms, with the proviso that >90 mol % of D are linear divalent hydrocarbon groups;
formula (VIII)

 where subscript c is 0 or 1, each R independently represents a monovalent hydrocarbon group of 1 to 18 carbon atoms or a monovalent halogenated hydrocarbon group of 1 to 18 carbon atoms, each R3 is independently a monovalent hydrocarbon group of 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and D is a divalent hydrocarbon group of 2 to 18 carbon atoms, with the proviso that >90 mol % of D are linear divalent hydrocarbon groups;
formula (XI)

 where subscript c is 0 or 1, each R independently represents a monovalent hydrocarbon group of 1 to 18 carbon atoms or a monovalent halogenated hydrocarbon group of 1 to 18 carbon atoms, each R3 is independently a monovalent hydrocarbon group of 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and D is a divalent hydrocarbon group of 2 to 18 carbon atoms, with the proviso that >90 mol % of D are linear divalent hydrocarbon groups;
formula (XII)

 where subscript c is 0 or 1, each R independently represents a monovalent hydrocarbon group of 1 to 18 carbon atoms or a monovalent halogenated hydrocarbon group of 1 to 18 carbon atoms, each R3 is independently a monovalent hydrocarbon group of 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and D is a divalent hydrocarbon group of 2 to 18 carbon atoms, with the proviso that >90 mol % of D are linear divalent hydrocarbon groups; and
unit formula (R2SiO2/2)v(RHSiO2/2)t

 where subscript c is 0 or 1, subscript v is 0 to 14, subscript t is 0 or more, subscript u is 1 or more, t+u is at least 3, each R independently represents a monovalent hydrocarbon group of 1 to 18 carbon atoms or a monovalent halogenated hydrocarbon group of 1 to 18 carbon atoms, each R3 is independently a monovalent hydrocarbon group of 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and D is a divalent hydrocarbon group of 2 to 18 carbon atoms, with the proviso that >90 mol % of D are linear divalent hydrocarbon groups; and
iv) a selective hydrosilylation reaction catalyst;
C) a condensation reaction catalyst; and
D) a free radical initiator.

US Pat. No. 11,028,296

ONE COMPONENT POLYURETHANE DISPERSION FOR VINYL WINDOWS AND OTHER SUBSTRATES

Covestro LLC, Pittsburgh...

1. An aqueous polyurethane dispersion (PUD) comprising the reaction product of:(i) a polyisocyanate;
(iii) a compound comprising at least one isocyanate-reactive group and an anionic group or potentially anionic group;
(iv) an amorphous polyester having a glass transition temperature (Tg) as determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) of less than ?30° C. and comprising ortho-phthalic anhydride;
(v) water;
(vi) a mono functional polyalkylene ether;
(vii) a polyol having a molecular weight of less than <400 g/mol, and
(viii) a polyamine or amino alcohol having a molecular weight of 32 to 400 g/mol,
wherein the aqueous polyurethane dispersion (PUD) has a glass transition temperature (Tg) as determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) of 0° C. to 20° C. and a hard block content of greater than 50%.

US Pat. No. 11,028,292

HEAT-RESISTANT WELD BACKING TAPE FOR HIGH ENERGY APPLICATIONS

Michael Hacikyan, Naples...

1. A welding assembly, comprising:first and second workpiece structures to be welded together, the first and second workpiece structures being arranged in adjacent relationship to form a workpiece having a welding root gap between the workpiece structures;
the workpiece having a first side on which welding is to be performed and a second side opposite from the first side;
a rigid metal backing member facing the second side of the workpiece;
a heat-resistant weld backing tape disposed between the backing member and the second side of the workpiece;
the heat-resistant weld backing tape comprising:
a flexible metallic tape substrate arranged to cover the welding root gap;
the tape substrate having a longitudinal length that extends between first and second tape substrate ends;
the tape substrate having a lateral width that extends between first and second tape substrate side edges;
the tape substrate having a substantially planar first face facing the second side of the first and second structures and a substantially planar second face facing the backing member, each tape substrate face being bounded in a longitudinal direction by the first and second tape substrate ends and in a lateral direction by the first and second tape substrate side edges;
the first and second tape substrate faces being mutually parallel and spaced from each other by a tape substrate thickness;
the tape substrate length and the tape substrate width being substantially larger than the tape substrate thickness;
a heat-resistant material disposed on the first tape substrate face, the heat-resistant material being in interfacial contact with the second side of the workpiece; and
an adhesive material disposed on the second tape substrate face, the adhesive material being adhered to the backing member.

US Pat. No. 11,028,291

FILM COMPRISING A STRIPPABLE SACRIFICIAL LAYER FOR REDUCTION OF SURFACE DEFECTS IN A SUBSTRATE

DUPONT TEIJIN FILMS U.S. ...

1. A coextruded biaxially oriented composite film comprising a polyethylene terephthalate (PET) substrate layer and disposed on one or both surfaces thereof an ethylene-methacrylic acid (EMAA) copolymer strippable sacrificial layer, wherein the strippable sacrificial layer has a thickness in the range of from 2 to 200 ?m, and the EMAA copolymer has a melt flow index of 0.5 to about 50 g/10 min, and wherein the EMAA copolymer is not an ionomer and does not contain metal ions.

US Pat. No. 11,028,290

HEAT-APPLIED GAP FINISHING TAPE

UNITED STATES GYPSUM COMP...

1. A gap-finishing tape for use in connection with drywall applications, the gap finishing tape comprising:a trim strip body extending along a central body axis, the trim strip body having a first surface and a second surface opposite the first surface, the trim strip body being constructed from a metallic material;
a hot melt adhesive extending along the central body axis and having a first surface, a second surface opposite the first surface, a first side, and a second side opposite the first side; and
a backing paper at least partially secured to the second surface of the hot-melt adhesive;
wherein the trim strip body is at least partially embedded into the first surface of the hot melt adhesive such that the entire first surface of the trim strip body is exposed and free of hot melt adhesive such that at least a portion of the first surface of the trim strip body is configured to contact a surface of a drywall panel.

US Pat. No. 11,028,289

ADHESIVE ARTICLE WITH A BARRIER LAYER

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

1. An adhesive article comprising:a barrier layer having opposed first and second major surfaces, the barrier layer being substantially impermeable to oxygen gas at ambient temperature and pressure;
a heat-bondable layer extending across and coupled to the first major surface of the barrier layer;
a polymeric foam backing extending across and coupled to the second major surface of the barrier layer; and
a pressure sensitive adhesive layer extending across and coupled to the backing opposite the barrier layer.

US Pat. No. 11,028,288

LIQUID SUSPENSION OF CERIUM OXIDE PARTICLES

RHODIA OPERATIONS, Auber...

1. A process for preparing a cerium oxide suspension, the process comprising:(a) treating a solution comprising at least a cerium III salt, a cerium IV salt and a base, under an inert atmosphere, to form a precipitate in solution; wherein the cerium IV/total cerium molar ratio before precipitation is between 1/10000 and 1/500000;
(b) thermally treating the precipitate in solution under an inert atmosphere to form a thermally treated medium, wherein at least one of steps (a) or (b) is carried out in the presence of nitrate ions; and
(c) acidifying and washing the thermally treated medium, whereby the suspension is obtained.

US Pat. No. 11,028,284

POLYMER SUBSTRATE WITH HARDCOAT LAYER, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR SAME

TEIJIN LIMITED, Osaka (J...

1. A polymer substrate with hard coating layer comprising a polymer substrate having a thickness of 1 mm to 20 mm and a hard coating layer on the surface thereof; wherein,the hard coating layer comprises:
a cured underlayer laminated on the surface of the polymer substrate, containing 10 to 90 parts by weight of multifunctional acrylate and 90 to 10 parts by weight of inorganic oxide fine particles and/or a hydrolysis-condensation product of an organic silicon compound, and having a thickness of 1 ?m to 20 ?m, and
a silicon oxide layer that makes direct contact with the cured underlayer on the opposite side from the polymer substrate, is formed by PE-CVD using an organic silicon compound selected from an organosiloxane, organosilane or (organo)silazane as raw material, and satisfies all of the following requirements (a) to (c):
(a) film thickness of the silicon oxide layer is within the range of 3.5 to 9.0 ?m,
(b) maximum indentation depth of the surface of the silicon oxide layer, as determined by measuring nanoindentation under conditions of a maximum load of 1 mN, is 150 nm or less, and
(c) the value of critical compression ratio K of the silicon oxide layer, as defined by formula (1) in a 3-point bending test of the polymer substrate with hard coating layer that imparts indentation displacement in which the surface laminated with the silicon oxide layer becomes concave, is 0.975 or less:
K=(R?D/2)/R?(0.00215×d)  Formula (1)(wherein,D represents the total thickness (mm) of the polymer substrate with hard coating layer,
d represents the film thickness (?m) of the silicon oxide layer, and
R represents the bend radius (mm) of the polymer substrate with hard coating layer, measured when the silicon oxide layer begins to separate from a cut line (separation starting line) drawn in advance at the location of the central fulcrum point where a weight is applied in a 3-point bending test),
wherein the ratio of infrared absorbance of the silicon oxide layer at a wave number of 1280 cm?1 to that at a wave number of 1020 cm?1 (?1280/?1020) is within the range of 0.002 to 0.020, and
the inorganic oxide fine particles and/or the hydrolysis-condensation product of the organic silicon compound of the cured underlayer is reacted with a (meth)acrylic resin having alkoxysilyl groups, hydroxyl groups, amino groups, or carboxyl groups in a side chain thereof.

US Pat. No. 11,028,280

COMPOSITION, CURED PRODUCT, COMPOSITION STORED CONTAINER, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A composition comprising:an acrylamide compound having an ester structure and a molecular weight of 150 to 200; and
a polysilane as a polymerization initiator,
wherein the polysilane comprises the following structure (1) or (2):

where n represents an integer of 2 to 100, and R represents a straight or branched alkyl group.

US Pat. No. 11,028,276

SURFACE-TREATED METAL SHEET, COATED MEMBER, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING COATED MEMBER

NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION,...

1. A coated member comprising:a molded material formed from a surface-treated metal sheet as a material, the surface-treated metal sheet comprising:
a metal sheet; and
a coating film placed on at least one major surface of the metal sheet,
wherein the coating film contains oxide particles, a binder resin, and electrically conductive particles,
the electrically conductive particles consist of non-oxide ceramic particles and at least one kind selected from the group consisting of iron alloy particles and stainless steel particles,
a mass ratio between the non-oxide ceramic particles and the at least one kind selected from the group consisting of the iron alloy particles and the stainless steel particles (the non-oxide ceramic particles/the at least one kind selected from the group consisting of the iron alloy particles and the stainless steel particles) is 1/9 to 8/2,
an amount of the electrically conductive particles contained is 5 to 30 mass % relative to the coating film,
the oxide particles include non-doped oxide particles and/or doped oxide particles,
the non-doped oxide particles include at least one kind selected from the group consisting of zinc oxide particles, tin oxide particles, magnesium oxide particles, calcium oxide particles, and strontium oxide particles,
the doped oxide particles include at least one kind selected from the group consisting of doped zinc oxide particles and doped tin oxide particles,
an amount of the oxide particles contained is 1 to 30 mass % relative to the coating film in a case where the oxide particles include the doped oxide particles, and is 1 to 10 mass % relative to the coating film in a case where the oxide particles do not include the doped oxide particles,
an amount of the coating film attached to the major surface is 2 to 20 g/m2, and
an average particle diameter of the oxide particles is 0.2 to 5 ?m;
a chemical conversion treatment covering film located on the coating film of the molded material; and
a coating treatment film located on the chemical conversion treatment covering film.

US Pat. No. 11,028,274

METHOD FOR PREVENTING HARDENER COMPOUNDS TO BE FORMED FROM HARDENER PRECURSORS AND EXTENDING SHELF LIFE OF THE DISPERSION

Wisespray International L...

1. A method for preparing a paint forming dispersion having extended shelf life, into a sealed and pressurized aerosol can, said dispersion preventing hardener compounds to be formed from hardener precursors, said method comprising:bringing into said can a paint forming dispersion containing after sealing the can: liquefied propellant, polyurethane resins of an amount W2, hardener precursor of said polyurethane resins of an amount W3 and ketones;
wherein free water of amount W1, which amount W1, is in a range of 1-10000 ppm has been brought into said can alongside with said other paint dispersion forming chemicals before sealing the can; and
wherein said polyurethane hardener precursors are selected from an imine, an enamine, a Mannich base, a Schiff's base, an aldimine, an azole an oxazole and mixtures thereof, wherein
polyurethane resins are selected from MDI, HDI, IPDI, TDI, and phenol blocked TDI prepolymers, wherein
the paint forming dispersion further contains a weak acid, as a catalyst, to prevent formation of the polyurethane hardeners from said polyurethane hardener precursors, wherein
the weak acid (XCOOH), is selected from a group having a pKa value in a range from 1.2 to 9, and the amount of said weak acid being in a range of 0.01-10% and is adjusted so, that it catalyzes a reaction (2a; 2a1) shifting the equilibrium of the reversible reaction (2a;2a1), in alternative pathways A or B, between the free water present in said dispersion and polyurethane hardener precursor back to formation of said initial polyurethane hardener precursor:

and wherein said polyurethane hardener is a compound with at least an amine and possibly also a hydroxyl functionality, and
wherein said reversible reaction (2a; 2a1) takes place during the entire retention time of the dispersion in the sealed can, so that the amount of free water (W1) is unchanged and remains between 1-10000 ppm between two successive uses of the can.

US Pat. No. 11,028,273

PRIMER SATURATED CARRIER MEDIUM ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF APPLYING TO A SURFACE

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. A primer saturated carrier medium assembly comprising:a carrier medium having a first face and an opposing second face;
an uncured primer saturating the carrier medium between the first face and the opposing second face;
a first removable film impenetrable to the primer directly contacting the first face of the primer saturated carrier medium; and
a second removable film impenetrable to the primer directly contacting the opposing second face of the primer saturated carrier medium.

US Pat. No. 11,028,272

GLITTER PIGMENT, PIGMENT-CONTAINING COMPOSITION, AND PIGMENT-CONTAINING PAINTED PRODUCT

NIPPON SHEET GLASS COMPAN...

1. A glitter pigment, comprising:a flaky substrate; and
a silicon oxide layer and a titanium oxide layer formed in this order on the flaky substrate, wherein
the silicon oxide layer and the titanium oxide layer are formed on both a first principal surface and a second principal surface of the flaky substrate, the first principal surface and the second principal surface being opposite to each other,
the titanium oxide layer, the silicon oxide layer, the flaky substrate, the silicon oxide layer, and the titanium oxide layer which are arranged in this order along a thickness direction of the flaky substrate compose a five-layer optical interference system producing whitish reflected light,
the flaky substrate is an alumina flake,
the alumina flake has a thickness of 265 nm or more and 280 nm or less,
the silicon oxide layer has a thickness of 83 nm or more and 98 nm or less, and
the titanium oxide layer has a thickness of 51.5 nm or more and 71.5 nm or less, and
the glitter pigment surrounded by air produces reflected light having absolute values of a* and b* that are each 20 or less and an L* value that is 75 or more as calculated by an optical simulation.

US Pat. No. 11,028,271

FUNCTIONALIZED METAL CHALCOGENIDES OF PARTIALLY IT CRYSTALLINE PHASE

Alliance for Sustainable ...

1. A composition comprising:a metal chalcogenide comprising MoS2 having a surface; and
a ligand comprising a phenyl ring and a moiety, wherein:
the MoS2 is at least partially in a 1T crystalline phase,
the ligand is covalently bound to the surface, and
the moiety comprises at least one of a halogen or (CH3CH2)2N.

US Pat. No. 11,028,270

BLACK MATRIX COMPOSITION, BLACK MATRIX, AND BLACK MATRIX PRODUCTION METHOD

Merck Patent GmbH, Darms...

1. A composition for a black matrix comprising:(I) a black colorant comprising carbon black having a volume average particle diameter of 1 to 300 nm;
(II) a siloxane polymer having repeating units represented by the general formulae (Ia), (Ib) and/or (Ic)

(wherein
R1 is a linear, branched or cyclic, alkyl group or alkenyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms or an aryl group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, where one or more methylene may be replaced by oxygen, or one or more hydrogen may be replaced by fluorine,
the ratio x of the general formula (Ia) in all of the repeating units is 0 mol % or more and 30 mol % or less, the ratio y of the general formula (Ib) in all of the repeating units is 50 mol % or more and 100 mol % or less, and the ratio z of the general formula (Ic) in all of the repeating units is 0 mol % or more and 30 mol % or less);
(III) surface modified silica fine particles having, on at least a part of the surface, a functional group represented by the general formula (3):
—(O)kSiR3m(OR5)l  (3)
(wherein
R3 represents a linear, branched or cyclic, alkyl group or alkenyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms or an aryl group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms, where one or more methylene may be replaced by oxygen, or one or more hydrogen may be replaced by fluorine
R5 represents hydrogen or an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms,
k+1+m=4, k=1 to 3, and m=0 to 3)
and having a volume average particle diameter of 1 to 300 nm;
(IV) a thermal base generator; and
(V) a solvent.

US Pat. No. 11,028,269

SILICONE-MODIFIED EPOXY RESIN COMPOSITION AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A silicone-modified epoxy resin composition comprising:(A) a silicone-modified epoxy resin obtained from hydrosilylation reaction of an alkenyl-containing epoxy compound with an organopolysiloxane having the average compositional formula (1):
HaRbSiO(4-a-b)/2  (1)wherein R is each independently a C1-C10 monovalent hydrocarbon group, a is a positive number: 0.01?a?1, b is a positive number: 1?b?3, and 1.01?a+b<4,(B) a silicone-modified phenolic resin obtained from hydrosilylation reaction of an alkenyl-containing phenol compound with an organopolysiloxane having the average compositional formula (1),
(C) a black pigment, and
(D) an inorganic filler exclusive of the black pigment (C),
wherein the silicone-modified epoxy resin of component (A) has the following formula (5):
and wherein the silicone-modified phenolic resin of component (B) has the following formula (7)

US Pat. No. 11,028,267

CURABLE ORGANOSILICON RESIN COMPOSITION AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A curable organosilicon resin composition comprising:(A) 100 parts by weight of an organopolysiloxane of block polymer structure consisting of 30 to 80 mol % of R1SiO3/2 units, 10 to 70 mol % of (R1)2SiO2/2 units, and 0 to 30 mol % of (R1)3SiO1/2 units wherein Ri is independently a hydroxyl, C2-C10 alkenyl, C1-C10 substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, C1-C10 alkoxy or C6-C10 aryl group, in which at least some of the (R1)2SiO2/2 units continuously repeat and the average number of repeating units is 3 to 80, the organopolysiloxane having a weight average molecular weight of 5,000 to 100,000 and containing at least two silicon-bonded alkenyl groups per molecule, 0.001 to 1.0 mol/100 g of silicon-bonded hydroxyl groups, and up to 1.0 mol/100 g of silicon-bonded alkoxy groups,
(B) an organohydrogenpolysiloxane containing at least two silicon-bonded hydrogen atoms (i.e., SiH groups) and at least one silicon-bonded aryl group per molecule, in an amount to give 0.1 to 4.0 moles of SiH groups in component (B) per mole of alkenyl groups in component (A),
(C) a hydrosilylation catalyst in an amount to give 0.1 to 500 ppm of platinum group metal based on the total weight of components (A) and (B), and
(D) a cyclic polysiloxane having the formula (1):

wherein R4 is independently hydrogen, a C2-C10 alkenyl, C1-C10 substituted or unsubstituted alkyl or C6-C10 aryl group and n is an integer of 0 or 1, the cyclic polysiloxane being present in an amount of 0.1 to 30% by weight based on the total weight of components (A) and (B), and in an amount to give 0.1 to 4.0 moles of total SiH groups in components (B) and (D) per mole of total alkenyl groups in components (A) and (D) when component (D) has an alkenyl group and/or SiH group.

US Pat. No. 11,028,264

POLYLYSINE POLYMERS WITH ANTIMICROBIAL AND/OR ANTICANCER ACTIVITY

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A chemical composition, comprising:a polymer comprising a molecular backbone covalently bonded to a pendent guanidinium functional group, wherein the molecular backbone comprises a polylysine structure, wherein the polymer exhibits antimicrobial activity against a pathogen, and wherein the polymer comprises 70% or greater functionalization with the pendent guanidium functional group.

US Pat. No. 11,028,261

SEPARATOR, MECHANICAL ELEMENT, OPERATION GUIDE DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING APPARATUS

Kureha Gohsen Co., LTD., ...

1. A separator that is interposed between two spheres adjacent to and moving in conjunction with each other for retaining the spheres configured to be movable in conjunction with and apart from each other, the separator being formed from a resin composition comprising a fluororesin which is a polymer of a monomer containing vinylidene fluoride as a main component,wherein a bending modulus of elasticity of the resin composition is 1600 MPa or less, and
Charpy impact strength of the resin composition is 26 kJ/m2 or more.

US Pat. No. 11,028,259

MULTILAYER FILM COMPRISING PROPYLENE-ETHYLENE-1-BUTENE TERPOLYMERS

Basell Poliolefine Italia...

1. A multilayer film comprising:(i) a skin layer comprising
(a) a polyolefin composition comprising:
A) from about 19 wt % to about 50 wt %, based upon the total weight of the polyolefin composition, of a propylene ethylene copolymer having an ethylene derived units content ranging from about 1.5 wt % to about 6.0 wt %, based upon the total weight of the propylene ethylene copolymer and
B) from about 50 wt % to about 81 wt %, based upon the total weight of the polyolefin composition, of a propylene ethylene 1-butene terpolymer having an ethylene derived units content ranging from about 1.5 wt % to about 6.0 wt %, based upon the total weight of the propylene ethylene 1-butene terpolymer, and 1-butene derived units content of between about 4.8 wt % and about 12.4 wt %, based upon the total weight of the propylene ethylene 1-butene terpolymer;
the sum of the amount of component A) and B) being 100;
the composition being characterized by the following features:
molecular weight distribution (MWD), expressed in terms of Mw/Mn, greater than about 4.0;
a xylene soluble fraction content at 0/25° C. is between 1.2 and 15.1 wt. %, based on the total weight of the polyolefin composition; and
the creep and recovery curve measured on the polymer fuse at 200° C. measured shows a maximum value between 600 and 1200 seconds, lower than about 53×10?41/Pa;
wherein the polyolefin composition is made in the presence of a catalyst made from or containing the product of the reaction between:
(i) a solid catalyst component made from or containing Ti, Mg, Cl and an electron donor compound, containing 0.1 to 50 wt. % of Bi, based upon the total weight of the solid catalyst component;
(ii) an alkylaluminum compound, and
(iii) an external electron-donor compound.

US Pat. No. 11,028,258

METALLOCENE CATALYST SYSTEM FOR PRODUCING LLDPE COPOLYMERS WITH TEAR RESISTANCE AND LOW HAZE

Chevron Phillips Chemical...

1. A film comprising an ethylene polymer, wherein the film has:a haze in a range from about 2 to about 10%; and
a MD Elmendorf tear strength in a range from about 200 to about 500 g/mil; and wherein the ethylene polymer has:
a density in a range from about 0.908 to about 0.925 g/cm3;
a melt index in a range from about 0.5 to about 3 g/10 min;
a ratio of Mw/Mn in a range from about 2 to about 4;
a ratio of Mz/Mw in a range from about 1.6 to about 2.3;
a CY-a parameter in a range from about 0.45 to about 0.6; and
an ATREF profile characterized by a single peak at a peak ATREF temperature in a range from about 76 to about 88° C., and by less than or equal to about 4.5 wt % of the polymer eluting above a temperature of 91° C.

US Pat. No. 11,028,253

RESIN COMPOSITION AND RESIN MOLDED ARTICLE

Eastman Chemical Company,...

1. A resin composition comprising:cellulose acrylate (A), wherein the degree of substitution of the cellulose acrylate (A) is 2.1 to 2.9;
at least a polymer (B) selected from the group consisting of:
a polymer (b1) having a core-shell structure including:
a core layer containing a butadiene polymer, and
a shell layer located on a surface of the core layer and containing a polymer selected from a styrene polymer and an acrylonitrile-styrene polymer;
a styrene-ethylene-butadiene-styrene copolymer (b2);
polyurethane (b3); and
aromatic polyester (b4); and
a plasticizer (C), wherein the plasticizer is at least one selected from a group consisting of a cardanol compound, dicarboxylic acid diester, citrate, a polyether compound having one or more unsaturated bonds, a polyether ester compound, glycol benzoate, a compound represented by the following General Formulae (6) and epoxidized fatty acid ester:
wherein, in the General Formula (6),R61 represents an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 7 to 28 carbon atoms, andR62 represents an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms;wherein the cellulose acrylate (A) is at least one selected from a group consisting of cellulose acetate, cellulose acetate propionate, and cellulose acetate butyrate;
wherein the polymer (B) is present in an amount in a mass ratio of (B):(A) in the range of 0.05 to 0.2;
wherein the plasticizer (C) is present in an amount in a mass ratio of (C):(A) in the range of 0.03 to 0.2;
wherein a resin molded article obtained by molding the resin composition has a heat distortion temperature according to at least one of the following (1) and/or (2):
(1) a heat distortion temperature of 95° C. or less measured in accordance with ASTM D648-07 B; and/or
(2) a heat distortion temperature of 80° C. or less measured in accordance with ISO 75-2 A (2013);
wherein the resin composition comprises polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) in an amount in a mass ratio of PHA:(A) in the range of 0:1 to 0.15:1.

US Pat. No. 11,028,252

MELT ADDITIVE COMPOUNDS, METHODS OF USING THE SAME, AND ARTICLES AND COMPOSITIONS INCLUDING THE SAME

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. A melt additive compound represented by the general formula:wherein:R represents a linear alkylene group having from 1 to 18 carbon atoms;
n represents an integer from 1 to 4, inclusive; and
Rf1 is represented by the general formula

wherein Rf represents a perfluorinated group having from 3 to 5 carbon atoms.

US Pat. No. 11,028,251

RESIN COMPOSITION, FILM, INFRARED CUT FILTER, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING INFRARED CUT FILTER, SOLID IMAGE PICKUP ELEMENT, INFRARED SENSOR, AND CAMERA MODULE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A resin composition comprising:an infrared absorbing pigment; and
a resin having an infrared absorbing group;
wherein the infrared absorbing group is a group having at least one structure selected from the group consisting of a pyrrolopyrrole structure, a diimmonium structure, a rylene structure, a dithiol complex structure, a triarylmethane structure, an azomethine structure, an anthraquinone structure, a dibenzofuranone structure, an oxonol structure, a squarylium structure, a croconium structure, a phthalocyanine structure, a naphthalocyanine structure, a pyrylium structure, an azulenium structure, a pyrromethene structure, and a cyanine structure.

US Pat. No. 11,028,249

METHODS OF SYNTHESIZING IONIC LIQUIDS FROM PRIMARY ALCOHOL-CONTAINING LIGNIN COMPOUNDS

1. A method for preparing an ionic liquid comprising:(i) contacting a lignin-derived aromatic starting material with a halogenating agent in a non-polar solvent, an aprotic solvent, or a combination thereof under conditions sufficient to form a lignin-derived aromatic halide;
(ii) contacting the lignin-derived aromatic halide with an amine under conditions sufficient to form a lignin-derived aromatic amine; and
(iii) contacting the lignin-derived aromatic amine with an acid under conditions sufficient to form a lignin-derived aromatic ammonium salt, thereby preparing the ionic liquid.

US Pat. No. 11,028,246

ABSORBENT ARTICLE CONTAINING A POROUS POLYOLEFIN FILM

Kimberly-Clark, Inc., Ne...

1. An absorbent article that contains an absorbent member positioned between a backsheet and a topsheet, wherein the absorbent article comprises a film formed from a thermoplastic composition that contains a continuous phase that includes a polyolefin matrix polymer and a nanoinclusion additive dispersed within the continuous phase in the form of discrete domains, wherein the nanoinclusion additive includes a functionalized polyolefin,wherein a porous network is defined in the composition that includes a plurality of nanopores having an average cross-sectional dimension of about 800 nanometers or less;
wherein the nanoinclusion additive is present in the thermoplastic composition in an amount from about 0.05 wt. % to about 10 wt. % based on the weight of the continuous phase;
wherein the composition further comprising a microinclusion additive dispersed within the continuous phase in the form of discrete domain and the microinclusion additive is a polymer that includes a styreneic copolymer, fluoropolymer, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl acetate, or polyester;
wherein the microinclusion additive is present in the thermoplastic composition in an amount of from about 1 wt. % to about 20 wt. %; and
wherein the film has a hydrohead value of 50 centimeters or more, as determined in accordance with ATTCC 127-2008.

US Pat. No. 11,028,245

POROUS AIR PERMEABLE POLYTETRAFLUOROETHYLENE COMPOSITES WITH IMPROVED MECHANICAL AND THERMAL PROPERTIES

1. An article comprising:a porous, air-permeable composite comprising an expanded polytetrafluorocthylene (ePTFE) substrate having a microstructure comprising nodes, fibrils, and pores, said nodes being interconnected by said fibrils and said pores being a void space between said nodes and fibrils; and
at least one continuous polymer coating, said polymer being a terpolymer of tetrafluoroethylene (TFE), vinylidene fluoride (VDF), and hexafluoropropylene (HFP),
wherein said at least one polymer coating coats only said nodes and fibrils throughout a thickness of said ePTFE substrate without occluding said pores of said ePTFE substrate,
wherein said composite exhibits a mass per area of 75 gm/m2 or less, and a product of average tensile strength (ATS)×Z Strength of at least 50 MPa2 while maintaining an airflow of less than 500 Gurley seconds, and
wherein the polymer content is between 3 and 25 weight percent of the ePTFE composite.

US Pat. No. 11,028,244

PREPREG, LAMINATE BODY, FIBER REINFORCED COMPOSITE MATERIAL, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR FIBER REINFORCED COMPOSITE MATERIAL

TORAY INDUSTRIES, INC., ...

1. A partially impregnated prepreg configured to be laid up in multiple plies in a laminate body, the partially impregnated prepreg comprised of a component (A) comprising a matrix of reinforcing fiber and a component (B) comprising a thermosetting resin, wherein i) the matrix of reinforcing fiber is partially impregnated by component (B) and ii) the laminate body has a permeability of at least 4.0E-14 m2 after an out time of 20 days at 23° C. and a void ratio after cure of <1%.

US Pat. No. 11,028,242

MODIFIED SILICON PARTICLES FOR SILICON-CARBON COMPOSITE ELECTRODES

ENEVATE CORPORATION, Irv...

1. A method of forming a composite material film, the method comprising:providing a mixture comprising a precursor and silane-treated silicon particles; and
pyrolysing the mixture to convert the precursor into one or more carbon phases to form the composite material film with the silicon particles distributed throughout the composite material film, wherein:
silane-treated silicon particles comprise silicon particles treated with one or more organosilanes;
the one or more organosilanes comprise one or more silanols, silyl ethers, silyl chlorides, dialkylaminosilanes, silyl hydrides, or cyclic azasilanes; and
the one or more organosilanes comprise dodecylsilane.

US Pat. No. 11,028,241

BREATHABLE FILMS AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

Dow Global Technologies L...

1. A film layer comprising:a polymeric composition comprising greater than 0 wt. % and less than or equal to 60 wt. % of a linear low density polyethylene which exhibits each of the following properties:
a CEF fraction from 70° C. to 90° C. of greater than or equal to 80% of the total CEF fractions;
a melt index (I2) measured according to ASTM D 1238 at 190° C., of greater than or equal to 2.0 g/10 min and less than or equal to 5.0 g/10 min; and
a melt flow ratio (I10/I2) of less than or equal to 6.7.

US Pat. No. 11,028,238

PROCESS FOR MIXING OLEFIN POLYMER WITH REACTANTS

BOREALIS AG, Vienna (AT)...

1. A process for producing a modified olefin polymer, said process comprising the steps of:(A) combining a stream comprising a functionally unsaturated compound, wherein the functionally unsaturated compound is selected from a bifunctionally or multifunctionally unsaturated monomer or mixtures thereof, and a stream comprising a free radical generator to produce a stream of a mixture of functionally unsaturated compound and free radical generator, and passing the stream of the mixture of functionally unsaturated compound and free radical generator through a static mixer;
(B) introducing a stream comprising particles of an olefin polymer into an extruder;
(C) introducing the stream of the mixture of functionally unsaturated compound and free radical generator into the extruder;
(D) melting the particles of the olefin polymer in the extruder to produce a melt stream; and
(E) extruding the melt stream at a temperature which is greater than the decomposition temperature of the free radical generator and the melting temperature of the olefin polymer but less than the decomposition temperature of the olefin polymer, thereby producing the modified olefin polymer;
wherein the step of introducing the stream of the mixture of functionally unsaturated compound and free radical generator into the extruder takes place in one of a feed zone of the extruder or a melting zone of the extruder and the mixture of the functionally unsaturated compound and free radical compound and free radical generator is thus combined with the stream comprising particles of an olefin polymer or with the melt stream;
wherein the stream of the mixture of functionally unsaturated compound and free radical generator is in liquid state and is sprayed into the feed zone of the extruder by means of an atomizing nozzle or wherein the stream of the mixture of functionally unsaturated compound and free radical generator is introduced into the melting zone of the extruder.

US Pat. No. 11,028,237

METHOD FOR PREPARING SUPERABSORBENT POLYMER AND SUPERABSORBENT POLYMER PREPARED THEREBY

LG Chem, Ltd.

1. A method for preparing a superabsorbent polymer, comprising:conducting crosslinking polymerization of water soluble ethylenically unsaturated monomers comprising monomers having acid groups of which at least a part are neutralized, in the presence of an internal crosslinking agent, to form a hydrogel polymer comprising a first crosslinked polymer;
gel grinding the hydrogel polymer to form a gel ground hydrogel polymer;
drying the gel ground hydrogel polymer, and grinding and sieving the dried hydrogel polymer to form base polymer powders; and
heat treating the base polymer powders to progress surface crosslinking, in the presence of a surface crosslinking agent to produce the superabsorbent polymer,
wherein the method further comprises:
recovering fine powders, after sieving the dried hydrogel polymer;
reassembling the fine powders in the presence of a powder type of polymer binder to provide reassembled fine powders; and
introducing the reassembled fine powders in the step of gel grinding the hydrogel polymer to mix the reassembled fine powders with the hydrogel polymer before drying,
wherein the powder type of polymer binder consists of polyethylene oxide powders having a weight average molecular weight of 100,000 to 600,000 g/mol.