1. A cell permeable ATP analog having the following formula:
or a physiologically or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:
n, o, p are each independently 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6;
m is 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5;
X is O, S, NH, or CH2;
R1 is H or C1-6 alkyl,
R2 is H, C1-6 alkyl, C6-30 aryl, C5-32 heteroaryl, or C7-32 alkylaryl; and
R3, R4 are each independently H, C1-6 alkyl, C6-30 aryl, C5-32 heteroaryl, or C7-32 alkylaryl, wherein R3, and R4 can be combined together to form a ring structure.