US Pat. No. 10,168,210

SNAPSHOT-TYPE POLARIZED HYPERSPECTRAL CAMERA AND AN IMAGING METHOD

Institute of Remote Sensi...

1. A snapshot-type polarized hyperspectral camera, characterized in that, it comprises polarizers, an image sensor and a spectra filter, the spectra filter being located on the image sensor, and the polarizers being located on one side of the image sensor;three polarizers are stuck into a first region, a second region and a third region of a channel with a preset wavelength at a first preset angle, a second preset angle and a third preset angle, respectively, the channel is divided into four regions, and the polarizers are used to shield and transmit incident light, so as to obtain light signals with different polarizing angles;
the image sensor is used to receive the light signals with different polarizing angles, which are obtained by the three polarizers, and convert the light signals with different polarizing angles into electric signals;
the spectra filter is used to receive the electric signals converted by the image sensor, and filter the electric signals, so as to obtain high-frequency electric signals with the preset wavelength.

US Pat. No. 10,168,209

MODULAR IMAGING SPECTROMETER ASSEMBLY AND METHOD

RAYTHEON COMPANY, Waltha...

1. A modular imaging spectrometer assembly comprising:an all-reflective foreoptics assembly positioned to receive electromagnetic radiation from a scene and produce a real exit pupil, the all-reflective foreoptics assembly having a first f-number;
a first imaging spectrometer including a first all-reflective optical assembly configured to receive and disperse the electromagnetic radiation into a first plurality of spectral bands at a first image plane, the first imaging spectrometer having a second f-number that is independent of the first f-number, wherein the first all-reflective optical assembly includes:
a first plurality of collimating optics to receive and collimate the electromagnetic radiation from the at least one slit aperture to produce first collimated electromagnetic radiation,
a first dispersive element positioned to receive the first collimated electromagnetic radiation from the first plurality of collimating optics and disperse the first collimated electromagnetic radiation into the first plurality of spectral bands, and
a first plurality of focusing optics to focus the dispersed electromagnetic radiation at the first image plane;
a second imaging spectrometer spatially separated from the first imaging spectrometer, the second imaging spectrometer including a second all-reflective optical assembly configured to receive and disperse the electromagnetic radiation into a second plurality of spectral bands at a second image plane, the second imaging spectrometer having a third f-number that is independent of the first f-number, wherein the second all-reflective optical assembly includes:
a second plurality of collimating optics to receive and collimate the electromagnetic radiation from the at least one slit aperture to produce second collimated electromagnetic radiation,
a second dispersive element positioned to receive the second collimated electromagnetic radiation from the second plurality of collimating optics and disperse the second collimated electromagnetic radiation into the second plurality of spectral bands; and
a second plurality of focusing optics to focus the dispersed electromagnetic radiation at the second image plane; and
at least one slit aperture interposed between the all-reflective foreoptics assembly and the first imaging spectrometer and the second imaging spectrometer, the at least one slit aperture being positioned to receive the electromagnetic radiation from the real exit pupil and direct the electromagnetic radiation to the first imaging spectrometer and the second imaging spectrometer.

US Pat. No. 10,168,207

SUNSCREEN EFFECTIVENESS MONITORING

International Business Ma...

1. A method for monitoring sunscreen effectiveness, the method comprising the steps of:receiving, by one or more computer processors, input from a user;
receiving, by the one or more computer processors, data corresponding to ultraviolet radiation exposure from a first ultraviolet radiation sensor and a second ultraviolet radiation sensor, wherein the first ultraviolet radiation sensor is covered with a thickness of a sunscreen wherein the thickness corresponds to a thickness of the sunscreen applied to skin of the user, and wherein the second ultraviolet radiation sensor is not covered with the thickness of the sunscreen, and wherein the sunscreen is a topical product which absorbs or reflects ultraviolet radiation from the sun;
determining, by the one or more computer processors, an amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the first ultraviolet radiation sensor and the second ultraviolet radiation sensor;
determining, by the one or more computer processors, whether the amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the first ultraviolet radiation sensor is similar to the amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the second ultraviolet radiation sensor;
responsive to determining the amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the first ultraviolet radiation sensor is not similar to the amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the second ultraviolet radiation sensor, determining, by the one or more computer processors, whether the amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the first ultraviolet radiation sensor is below an alert threshold; and
responsive to determining the amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the first ultraviolet radiation sensor is not below the alert threshold, transmitting, by the one or more computer processors, an alert message to the user.

US Pat. No. 10,168,206

COOLING DEVICE COMPRISING AN IMPROVED COLD FINGER

1. Cooling device comprising:a cooling plate,
a cooling system provided with a cooling fluid,
a hollow cold finger closed at one end by the cooling plate, the cooling fluid being located in the cold finger to cool the cooling plate, the cold finger comprising at least one side wall defining a confinement channel of the cooling fluid from the cooling system,wherein:said at least one side wall is at least partially formed by an area made from an at least partially amorphous metal alloy,
the area made from the at least partially amorphous metal alloy is formed by an at least ternary alloy containing at least 17.5% in atomic % of hafnium and possibly of copper with a maximum content equal to 40% in atomic % of copper so as to form a thermal insulator.

US Pat. No. 10,168,205

OPTICAL SENSING MODULE AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

PIXART IMAGING INC., Hsi...

1. An optical sensing module, comprising:a light source adapted to provide a radiation beam emergent from the optical sensing module;
a sensing device disposed with a displacement from the light source; and
a first lens disposed above the sensing device, the first lens having an optical axis, the optical axis extending through a geometric center of the first lens and vertical to a plane on which the light source and the sensing device are disposed,
wherein the optical axis of the first lens is offset from a geometric center of the sensing device along a direction perpendicular to a direction from the light source to the sensing device by a predetermined distance,
wherein the sensing device is adapted to receive an object beam passing the first lens,
the first lens has a light incident plane, a light emergent plane opposite to the light incident plane, and a connecting plane connecting the light incident plane and the light emergent plane, and an included angle between the connecting plane and the optical axis is larger than 0 degree and smaller than 75 degrees to reduce an area of the optical sensing module along the direction perpendicular to the direction from the light source to the sensing device.

US Pat. No. 10,168,204

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING WATERPROOFING OF THE ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a housing;
a speaker disposed inside the housing; and
a processor disposed inside the housing and configured to:
control the speaker to output a reference signal in the form of a sound,
receive a feedback signal corresponding to the reference signal outputted in a resonance space inside the housing,
determine a lowest resonant frequency from the feedback signal, and
determine whether the electronic device is waterproofed based on whether a value of the lowest resonant frequency is within a preset range.

US Pat. No. 10,168,203

BALANCE WITH FREE-FLOATING WEIGHING PAN

Mettler-Toledo GmbH, Gre...

1. A balance, comprising:a weighing pan;
at least six position sensors, arranged to measure the position of the weighing pan in all three dimensions;
a weighing mechanism with at least six electromagnetic mechanisms, each of which includes at least one permanent magnet and at least one force coil, such that the weighing mechanism generates compensation forces to act, through currents sent to each force coil, in each of the six translatory and rotatory degrees of freedom on the weighing pan, based upon the orientation and position of each force coil relative to the weighing pan;
a regulating unit to regulate the individual currents flowing in the force coils, wherein the compensation forces, through the sum of their respective moments, hold the weighing pan in a constant, predefined and free-floating position relative to the six degrees of freedom; and
an arithmetic unit provided with software to calculate the weighing result based on the amounts of current flowing in the respective force coils.

US Pat. No. 10,168,201

DYNAMIC WEIGHING MACHINE WITH SLIDING RAIL WEIGHING CONVEYANCE

Girnet Internacional, S.L...

1. A dynamic weighing machine (100) that comprises a set of buckets (3), each bucket having two sides (4, 5) and a bottom (6); a series of bucket-carrying supports (2); and a transport system (103) that continually moves the supports along a path that comprises at least one horizontal straight path; the supports and buckets of the machine being prepared for their mutual coupling with limited vertical movement capacity of the bucket (3) with respect to the support (2), such that each bucket can adopt at least two coupling positions, one of which is a supporting position (A), in which the weight of the bucket rests on the support, and the other being a weighing position (B), in which the bucket is slightly raised with respect to the support, where both coupling positions allow the support to carry the bucket while being transported; the dynamic weighing machine further comprising a weighing station (102) for the buckets (3) arranged on said horizontal straight path; a loading station (101) for loading products in the buckets, arranged upstream from the weighing station; and a selective unloading station for products loaded in the buckets, arranged downstream from the weighing station; and whereinthe buckets (3) comprise first and second sliding means (10, 11), each one arranged on one side (4, 5) of the bucket (3); and
the weighing station (102) comprises a scale (1) with first rail means (30) and second rail means (31), between which the buckets (3) in transit can pass through the weighing station (102) when the buckets adopt the weighing position (B), sliding while being supported by the first and second sliding means (10, 11) on said first and second rail means (30, 31), respectively; and
wherein each one of the first and second sliding means comprise a front support element and a rear support element that are offset vertically and each of the first and second rail means comprise two lanes or tracks which are offset vertically, corresponding to the offset between the support elements, such that as each bucket passes through the weighing station, four points of the bucket will come into contact with the rail means, at least for an instant.

US Pat. No. 10,168,200

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR POWER MANAGEMENT IN ULTRASONIC SENSORS

SSI Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A method of controlling energy of sound waves generated in a fluid sensing system, the method comprising:generating, with a transducer, a first sound wave and a second sound wave in a tank having a fluid;
receiving, with the transducer, a first echo of the first sound wave and a first echo of the second sound wave;
comparing, with a controller, a signal characteristic of the first echo of the first and second sound waves; and
driving, with a driver, the transducer based on comparing the signal characteristic of the first echo of the first and second sound waves and to reduce a difference in amplitude of the first echo of the first and the second sound waves.

US Pat. No. 10,168,199

METHOD FOR ASCERTAINING AND MONITORING FILL LEVEL OF A MEDIUM IN A CONTAINER USING A TRAVEL TIME MEASURING METHOD

1. A method for ascertaining and monitoring fill level (F) of a medium in a container by means of a field device using a travel time measuring method, comprising the steps of:transmitting transmission signals (S) toward the medium and receiving reflection signals (R);
registering the received reflection signals (R) as echo signals in an echo function, or envelope curve, dependent on travel time (t) or travel distance (x);
filtering by means of at least one filter with filter parameters (FP) the echo function, or the envelope curve;
wherein:
at least three filter ranges (FR1, FR2, FR3) are formed in the echo function, or the envelope curve, and at least a first filter range (FR1) with a first width (w1) is predetermined at the position (x1) of the wanted echo signal in the echo function or the envelope curve ascertained in a preceding measuring cycle;
the echo function, or the echo curve is filtered by the filter with different filter parameters (FP) in the first filter range (FP1), in the second filter range (FP2) and/or in the third filter range (FP3); and
the second filter range and the third filter range adjoin in front or behind the first filter range;
ascertaining by means of an echo search algorithm at least one wanted echo signal in the echo function, or the envelope curve; and
ascertaining the fill level (F) in the basis of position (x1) of the wanted echo signal.

US Pat. No. 10,168,198

BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE (BAW) SENSORS FOR LIQUID LEVEL MEASUREMENTS

Honeywell International I...

1. A method for sensing at least one level parameter of at least one liquid in a tank, comprising:providing at least one bulk acoustic wave (BAW) sensor positioned inside said tank, wherein electrodes of said at least one BAW sensor are at least switchably connected to a positive feedback loop across an amplifier to provide an electronic oscillator, wherein said at least one BAW sensor each have a unique digital address stored in a memory associated with a control unit that provides sensor select signals to a multiplexer (MUX), said MUX individually interrogating said plurality of BAW sensors;
determining a frequency shift from an output of said electronic oscillator by utilizing a calibration curve relating a measured change in resonant frequency for said electronic oscillator to said liquid, wherein said output of said electronic oscillator is different when said at least one BAW sensor contacts said liquid as compared to when said at least one BAW sensor contacts air, and
using said unique digital address and a distance between consecutive ones of said at least one BAW sensor in an algorithm for determining said level parameter from said change in resonant frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,168,197

FILL-LEVEL MEASURING DEVICE

1. A fill-level measuring device working according to the pulse radar principle for measuring a fill level of a fill substance in a container, comprising:a transmission system having a pulse producing system, connected to a control unit, which is embodied in such a manner that, in predetermined measuring cycles comprising, in each case, at least two measurements, for each measurement, it produces a transmission signal composed of microwave pulses of a center frequency predetermined for the particular measuring, wherein the center frequencies of the transmission signals of at least two of the measurings are different from one another;
an antenna connected to said transmission system, which sends the transmission signals into the container, and receives as received signals their signal fractions reflected in the container back in the direction of said antenna after a travel time dependent on the distance from the associated reflector of the fill-level measuring device, and which has for different center frequencies different spatial radiation characteristics dependent on the center frequency of the transmission signals; and
a signal processing system, connected to said transmission system and said antenna, which receives the received signals and evaluates such based on the center frequencies of the microwave pulses of the associated transmission signals and the center frequency dependence of the spatial radiation characteristic of the said antenna, wherein:
said antenna is a rod-shaped, and rectangular shaped hollow conductor with slots, which has an input fed by said transmission system, whose end lying opposite the input is terminally short circuited, terminated with a reflection free termination, or open, and which has a hollow conductor wall, which is provided with slot shaped slot like or fractal shaped cutouts, via which said antenna sends the transmission signals with a spatial radiation characteristic different for different center frequencies dependent on the positioning and dimensioning of said cutouts and the center frequencies of the supplied transmission signals; and
said antenna includes a focusing apparatus for focusing the transmission signals emerging from said antenna, a funnel-shaped or rectangular, hollow conductor segment arranged outwardly on the hollow conductor wall and enclosing all cutouts, a lens arranged outwardly on said hollow conductor wall, said lens comprising a dielectric lens or a magnetic lens, plates of one or more planar plies of a dielectric material applied outwardly on said cutouts, or other rectangular, hollow conductors embodied identically to the rectangular, hollow conductor and connected with said rectangular, hollow conductor to form a group of parallely amplitudes—and phase equally fed, rectangular, hollow conductors arranged together, parallel to one another, directly next to one another and perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of said rectangular, hollow conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,168,196

IMMERSION-TYPE ONLINE MULTIPHASE MEASURING INSTRUMENT AND METHOD

INSTITUTE OF PROCESS ENGI...

1. An immersion-type online multiphase measuring instrument comprising:a package tube;
a viewport, sealedly installed at a front end of the package tube;
an illumination system for illuminating multiphase flow, including LED lamps and a brightness-adjustable light source connected with the LED lamps, which comprises a power supply, a signal generator and an oscilloscope;
a photographic system for taking pictures, including a telecentric lens and an image sensor;
a controller connected with the signal generator and the image sensor;
a signal processing and outputting system connected with the image sensor; and
a display system connected with the signal processing and outputting system,
wherein the LED lamps, the telecentric lens and the image sensor are located in the package tube,
wherein the image sensor and the LED lamps are configured to work synchronously, and an exposure period of the image sensor is greater than twice of a pulse period of the signal generator, such that the image sensor captures a double-exposure image,
wherein the LED lamps are configured to be below a surface of the multiphase flow, and are evenly and circularly arranged in the package tube.

US Pat. No. 10,168,194

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DRIVING A MULTI-OSCILLATOR SYSTEM

Analog Devices, Inc., No...

1. A method of detecting a physical quantity from a sensor, the sensor having a plurality of oscillation members including at least a first oscillation member and a second oscillation member, the method comprising:driving the first oscillation member with a first drive signal having a first drive frequency in a first time interval and a second drive frequency in a second time interval;
driving the second oscillation member with a second drive signal;
receiving a first incoming signal representing an oscillation frequency of the first oscillation member;
receiving a second incoming signal representing an oscillation frequency of the second oscillation member; and
detecting the physical quantity based on the oscillation frequency of the first oscillation member and the oscillation frequency of the second oscillation member.

US Pat. No. 10,168,193

SENSOR WITH SWITCHING MATRIX SWITCH

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A sensor system comprising:a sensor comprising a plurality of sensor cells arranged in a sensor matrix of sensor cell columns and rows and configured to generate data related to a physical parameter;
a matrix switching component comprising a set of switching columns and switching rows coupled to the plurality of sensor cells and configured to generate a plurality of communication routes; and
a controller configured to selectively activate a communication route of the plurality of communication routes by activating a plurality of switching elements through the matrix switching component between an input/output port and a first set of sensor cells, and further configured to dynamically reassign the communication route comprising the plurality of activated switching elements to a second set of sensor cells having different sensors cells than the first set of sensor cells based on one or more criteria.

US Pat. No. 10,168,192

DETERMINING VALUES OF ANGULAR GAUGES

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus, comprising:one or more computing processors;
an image receiver to generate a binary image from a first image of an angular gauge, identify a portion of the binary image containing the angular gauge, and crop the binary image to the identified portion to generate a cropped binary image;
an angular mapper to operate on the one or more computing processors to generate an angular map from the cropped binary image, wherein the angular map associates positions of a needle of the angular gauge with numerical values; and
a gauge reader to operate on the one or more computing processors to determine a value indicated by the needle of the angular gauge in a second image of the angular gauge based on the angular map;
wherein, for an intermediate angle in between two angles which are mapped in the angular map, the gauge reader is to interpolate a value for the intermediate angle from the two mapped angles, the two mapped angles being mapped angles closest to the intermediate angle.

US Pat. No. 10,168,191

METHODS FOR FABRICATING APPARATUS HAVING A HERMETIC SEAL

DUNAN SENSING LLC, San J...

1. An apparatus having a hermetic seal comprising:a housing with a top and bottom and a first hole that passes through the housing from the top to the bottom wherein the housing further comprises a first cavity with an inner wall, outer wall and first cavity bottom and the first cavity extends down into the housing from the top and surrounds the first hole and wherein the housing further comprises a second cavity that extends down into the housing from the top and surrounds, and is coaxial with, the first cavity;
a disk shaped metal seal with a second hole through a center of the disk wherein the disk shaped metal seal is located on the first cavity bottom wherein the disk shaped metal seal surrounds and is coaxial with the inner wall;
an isolation member coupled to a sensor and extending down into the first cavity on top of the disk shaped metal seal between the inner wall and outer wall of the first cavity; and
a collar pressed down into the housing and into the second cavity wherein the collar has a third hole that passes through the collar and the sensor extends up into the third hole and wherein the collar crimps the outer wall against the isolation member.

US Pat. No. 10,168,190

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT INFORMATION

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A mobile device comprising:a sensor configured to measure an environmental factor and obtain first data based on the measured environmental factor;
a communication module configured to receive, from at least one external mobile device, second data obtained by the at least one external mobile device;
a processor configured to generate environment information on an area in which the mobile device is located, calculated from the first data and the received second data; and
an output module configured to display the environment information,
wherein the first data, the second data and the environment information are associated with the same environmental factor including at least one of temperature, humidity, concentration of carbon dioxide, atmospheric pressure, and an ultraviolet index on the area in which the mobile device is located,
wherein the mobile device requests second data from the at least one external mobile device through a provision server, and
wherein the mobile device receives, from the provision server, at least one second data obtained by the at least one external mobile device.

US Pat. No. 10,168,189

CONTAMINATION AND DEFECT RESISTANT OPTICAL ENCODER CONFIGURATION FOR PROVIDING DISPLACEMENT SIGNAL HAVING A PLURALITY OF SPATIAL PHASE DETECTORS ARRANGED IN A SPATIAL PHASE SEQUENCE ALONG A DIRECTION TRANSVERSE TO THE MEASURING AXIS

Mitutoyo Corporation, Ka...

1. A contamination and defect resistant optical encoder configuration for providing displacement signals, comprising:an illumination portion that transmits source light to a scale along a source light path;
a scale that extends along a measuring axis direction, the scale comprising a periodic pattern comprising bars that are narrow along the measuring axis direction and elongated along a Y direction perpendicular to the measuring axis direction, and that are arranged periodically along the measuring axis direction, the scale inputting the source light along the source light path and outputting scale light along a scale light path; and
a photodetector configuration that receives a periodic scale light pattern from the scale along a scale light path, the periodic scale light pattern displacing past the photodetector configuration corresponding to a relative displacement between the scale and the photodetector configuration along the measuring axis direction, wherein:
the photodetector configuration comprises a set of N spatial phase detectors arranged in a spatial phase sequence along a direction transverse to the measuring axis, where N is an integer that is at least 6 and the spatial phase sequence comprises two outer spatial phase detectors at a start and end of the sequence along the direction transverse to the measuring axis and an interior group of spatial phase detectors located between the two outer spatial phase detectors;
at least a majority of the respective spatial phase detectors are relatively elongated along the measuring axis direction and relatively narrow along the direction perpendicular to the measuring axis direction, and comprise scale light receptor areas that are spatially periodic along the measuring axis direction and positioned corresponding to a respective spatial phase of that spatial phase detector relative to the periodic scale light pattern, and are configured to provide a respective spatial phase detector signal; and
each spatial phase detector in the interior group is preceded and followed in the spatial phase sequence by spatial phase detectors that have respective spatial phases that are different from that spatial phase detector and different from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,168,188

SILICA FIBER MEASUREMENT SYSTEM COMPRISING A BRANCHED OPTICAL FIBER EMBEDDED IN A STRUCTURAL ELEMENT

King Fahd University of P...

1. A silica fiber measurement system with branched optical fibers, comprising:a structural element having a branched optical fiber embedded therein, the branched optical fiber including a primary optical fiber segment and at least one secondary optical fiber segment branching therefrom, wherein the primary optical fiber segment and the at least one secondary optical fiber segment are spliced to one another such that respective cores thereof are in optical communication with one another at a point of branching and wherein the secondary optical fiber is made of silica;
a laser optically coupled with the primary optical fiber segment;
one or more fiber Bragg grating sensors on and in optical communication with the primary optical fiber segment and the at least one secondary optical fiber segment; and
an optical spectral analyzer in communication with the plurality of fiber Bragg grating sensors, the optical spectral analyzer receiving signals generated by the fiber Bragg grating sensors representative of a magnitude of a physical parameter of the structural element.

US Pat. No. 10,168,187

EVALUATION CIRCUIT FOR A CAPACITIVE SENSOR, CAPACITIVE SENSOR, AND ACTUATOR IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

IFM ELECTRONIC GMBH, Ess...

1. Evaluation circuit for a capacitive sensor for detecting a distance, a speed or a position of an object, comprising: a reference capacitance and two measuring capacitances, wherein the reference capacitance and the measuring capacitances are supplied with a square-wave voltage via a resistor and by means of a logic unit a time variable pulse is obtained the duration of which is a measure for the respective measuring capacitance, characterized in that the reference capacitance is connected to the input of a first switching stage and the measuring capacitances are connected to the inputs of further switching stages, wherein at least one of the measuring capacitance is capacitively coupled to an auxiliary electrode, wherein the switching stages are part of the logic unit which is designed so that the reaching of a threshold voltage of the first switching stage determines the switch-on time of an output signal and the reaching of a threshold voltage of a further switching stage determines the switch-off time of the output signal, and wherein the output of the logic unit is connected to the input of an integration stage, wherein a charging capacitor is charged or discharged via the output of the integration stage, wherein the capacitive coupling between the auxiliary electrode and at least one measuring electrode for the formation of at least one of the measuring capacitance is accomplished by an electric field extending outside a sensor assembly comprising the auxiliary and measuring electrodes, such that the capacitive coupling can be influenced by the object, which is structurally located outside the sensor assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,168,186

SENSOR FOR DETECTING A PERIOD MAGNETIC FIELD

NTN-SNR ROULEMENTS, Anne...

1. A detection sensor for detecting a periodic magnetic field comprising a measuring assembly integrating at least one magnetoresistive element, electrical resistance of the magnetoresistive element varies as a function of the amplitude of the component of said periodic magnetic field in a direction X, said magnetoresistive element comprising a stack of two conductive magnetic layers indicated as reference and sensitive layers, respectively, a separation layer is disposed between the reference and sensitive layers, so that the electrical resistance of said stack is dependent on the relative orientation of the magnetization of the reference and sensitive layers, said detection sensor further comprising an electronic circuit configured to use the variations in said electrical resistance in order to deliver a signal representing the magnetic field to be detected, the reference layer having magnetic anisotropy in the direction X and the sensitive layer having magnetic anisotropy in a direction Y perpendicular to the direction X, said detection sensor including a permanent polarization magnet having a surface extending in a plane of directions X and Y and having a symmetry plane of directions X and Z, the direction Z being perpendicular to the directions X and Y and being the direction along which the magnetic field of said permanent polarization magnet mainly extends, the measuring assembly being disposed with respect to the symmetry plane of the permanent polarization magnet so that the reference layer, the sensitive layer, and the separation layer of the magnetoresistive element are disposed in a plane parallel to the surface while being offset from said plane in the direction Y by a distance (?y) that is arranged so that the magnetic field of the permanent polarization magnet orients the magnetization of the sensitive layer in the direction Y while allowing variations in the orientation of said magnetization according to the component of the direction X of the magnetic field to be detected, said variations in magnetization causing a linear variation in the electrical resistance of the magnetoresistive element over a magnetic field range to be detected, and the measuring assembly being offset from the symmetry plane by a distance (?y) that lies between 5 and 15% of the dimension (Dy) of the surface of the polarization magnet in the direction Y.

US Pat. No. 10,168,185

CIRCUIT BOARDS AND ELECTRONIC PACKAGES WITH EMBEDDED TAMPER-RESPONDENT SENSOR

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of fabricating an electronic circuit comprising:providing a multilayer circuit board;
providing an enclosure mounted to the multilayer circuit board within a groove in the multilayer circuit board; and
providing a tamper-respondent sensor embedded within the multilayer circuit board, the tamper-respondent sensor defining, at least in part, a secure volume associated with the multilayer circuit board, and comprising:
multiple tamper-respondent layers within the multilayer circuit board, the multiple tamper-respondent layers being spaced apart, parallel layers within the multilayer circuit board that facilitate defining the secure volume, at least in part, within the multilayer circuit board, and the multiple tamper-respondent layers comprising:
at least one tamper-respondent picture frame-type layer encircling the secure volume within the multilayer circuit board, a tamper-respondent picture frame-type layer of the at least one tamper-respondent picture frame-type layer comprising one or more conductive trace lines extending horizontally around the tamper-respondent picture frame-type layer within the multilayer circuit board and encircling the secure volume within the multilayer circuit board, wherein the one or more conductive trace lines of the tamper-respondent picture frame-type layer encircling the secure volume within the multilayer circuit board are encircled or intersected by the groove in the multilayer circuit board; and
at least one tamper-respondent mat layer forming a base of the secure volume within the multilayer circuit board, the at least one tamper-respondent picture frame-type layer being disposed over the at least one tamper-respondent mat layer.

US Pat. No. 10,168,184

ANGLE SENSING IN AN OFF-AXIS CONFIGURATION

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A system, comprising:a magnet fixed to a rotatable object,
the rotatable object being positioned to concentrically rotate about an axis; and
a magnetic angle sensor configured to determine a rotation angle of the rotatable object based on a rotating magnetic field produced by the magnet and sensed by the magnetic angle sensor,
the rotating magnetic field having a radial component and a tangential component,
the magnetic angle sensor being positioned at a sensor position having a radial distance from the axis of a least half a magnet radius of the magnet, where,
the magnetic angle sensor being positioned at the sensor position based on an amplitude of the radial component being no more than 10% different than an amplitude of the tangential component at the sensor position having the radial distance from the axis of a least half the magnet radius of the magnet, or
the magnetic angle sensor being positioned at the sensor position based on a gradient magnitude of the radial component being no more than 10% different than a gradient magnitude of the tangential component at the sensor position having the radial distance from the axis of a least half the magnet radius of the magnet.

US Pat. No. 10,168,183

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING FAILURE WITHIN RESOLVER

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

7. A system for determining a failure within a resolver, comprising:a memory configured to store program instructions; and
a controller configured to execute the program instructions, the program instructions when executed configured to:
detect resolver output signals;
calculate an average value and a deviation value of the detected signals;
determine whether the calculated average value and the calculated deviation value is a mono signal average value or greater;
determine whether the calculated average value and the calculated deviation value is a Lissajous value or greater;
determine whether the calculated average value and the calculated deviation value is a mono signal deviation value or greater;
determine a disconnection or a short circuit of the resolver using the calculated average value and deviation values; and
operating a motor, in which the resolver is disposed, to be stopped in response to detecting the disconnection of the resolver and increasing a counter to the deviation value or greater to determine a failure mode.

US Pat. No. 10,168,182

SHAFT ENCODER WITH MAGNETIC SHIELD

1. A shaft encoder arrangement comprising:a rotary position measuring device determining a rotary position of a rotatable body, wherein the measuring device comprises:
at least one magnetic material dimensional scale fastened to the rotatable body; and
at least one sensor device positioned to scan the magnetic material dimensional scale based on magnetic measuring of the magnetic material of the dimensional scale, wherein the sensor device lies at least partially within a space at least partially enclosed by the magnetic material dimensional scale;
a circumferential magnetic shield, wherein the dimensional scale is at least partially enclosed by the circumferential magnetic shield and is nonrotatably mounted on the circumferential magnetic shield; and
an additional shield, wherein the shield is pushed in the additional shield or the shield is pushed over the additional shield and the additional shield is fastened to the shield with the magnetic material dimensional scale to form a torsionally rigid fastened connection.

US Pat. No. 10,168,181

METER READING DEVICE AND SYSTEM

Arnon Maman, Naale (IL) ...

1. A device for reading a meter that includes a display area covered by a display cover, the device comprising:an electronics assembly including an image sensor for capturing an image of the display area of the meter, the image sensor including a lens having a field of view;
a housing including a cover coupled to a base member including an aperture, the base member for communicating with the display cover of the meter, the electronics assembly being retained between the base member and the cover such that the lens is aligned with the aperture; and
a fastening member including a hollow section accommodating a top portion of the cover to pass therethrough, the fastening member further including a mechanism for attaching the fastening member to a portion of the meter so as to maintain the display area of the meter in the field of view of the lens and bring the base member into communication with the display cover.

US Pat. No. 10,168,180

ELECTRONIC FLIGHT DATA DISPLAY INSTRUMENT

Aspen Avionics, Inc., Al...

1. An informational display unit for an aircraft having an instrument panel, the unit comprising:a panel having a front side and a rear side;
at least one display disposed on the front side of the panel to convey information; and
a first protrusion protruding from the rear side of the panel, the first protrusion being configured to be received by a first pre-existing instrument hole of the instrument panel when the unit is moved to a first position relative to the instrument panel,
wherein said panel is configured to extend over a second pre-existing instrument hole of the instrument panel when the unit is moved to the first position, the first and second pre-existing instrument holes being displaced from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,168,179

VEHICLE DISPLAY SYSTEM AND METHOD WITH ENHANCED VISION SYSTEM AND SYNTHETIC VISION SYSTEM IMAGE DISPLAY

HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL I...

1. An aircraft display system for displaying enhanced vision (EV) and synthetic vision (SV) images to an operator associated with an aircraft, comprising:an EV image sensor configured to generate EV images;
an SV database containing information regarding terrain and objects of interest for a travel path of the aircraft as objects of interest data;
an SV image generating unit for generating SV images based on travel of said aircraft and information from said SV database;
a display configured to display images generated by said EV image sensor and said SV image generating unit;
an EV image sensor control unit configured to control a field of view of said EV image sensor, the EV image sensor control unit comprising:
a priority unit coupled to the SV database and configured to determine priority levels for the objects of interest, wherein the priority unit selects a first object of interest for display on the display based on the priority levels and the travel path,
an integrity unit coupled to the SV database and configured to assign integrity levels to the objects of interest, including a first integrity level for the first object of interest, wherein each of the integrity levels is based on a confidence level of the objects of interest data stored in the SV database associated with the respective object of interest, and
a sensor area optimizing unit coupled to the priority unit and the integrity unit and configured to (i) assign an imaging area within the field of view with an area size based on the first integrity level of the first object of interest and (ii) output steering control signals to the EV image sensor based on the assigned imaging area.

US Pat. No. 10,168,178

NAVIGATION DEVICE AND CONTENT OUTPUT CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

SK PLANET CO., LTD., Seo...

1. A navigation device for controlling an output of content, comprising:a position identifier configured to provide position information corresponding to a moving speed of an object and a location of the object;
a communicator configured to receive, via a network, a content from a content server and stop period information corresponding to a stop period at the location of the object from a navigation server, wherein the received content comprises an audio content and a video content;
a memory configured to store the received content;
a speaker configured to output the audio content;
a display configured to output the video content; and
a processor connected with the position identifier, the communicator, the speaker, and the display, the processor configured to:
receive the position information, the stop period information and the content;
identify the moving speed of the object and the location of the object based on the received position information;
identify the stop period corresponding to the identified location from the stop period information;
determine a safety level based on at least one of the identified moving speed of the object, the identified location of the object, or the identified stop period,
when it is determined that the safety level is low, block the received content such that neither the audio content nor the video content is output, wherein the safety level is low at least when the identified moving speed is greater than a predetermined speed;
when it is determined that the safety level is medium, control the received content such that only the audio content is output for a predetermined interval and the video content is not output, wherein the safety level is medium at least when the identified stop period is less than a predetermined amount of time; and
when it is determined that the safety level is high, allow output of both the audio content and the video content, wherein the safety level is high at least when the identified stop period is greater than or equal to the predetermined amount of time.

US Pat. No. 10,168,177

NAVIGATION SYSTEM WITH DESTINATION ACTION MECHANISM AND METHOD OF OPERATION THEREOF

Telenav, Inc., Santa Cla...

1. A navigation system comprising:a control unit, including a processor, configured to:
receive an origin location of a user device;
calculate a travel route from the origin location to an expected destination;
determine a destination action for execution by a destination device at the expected destination;
detect a route deviation from the travel route;
determine a deviation type of the route deviation based on analysis of a communication context of a communication received by a user of the user device as the cause for the route deviation, wherein the communication received is from a different user and the analysis of the communication context includes one of text recognition or speech recognition of a content of the communication;
generate an action modification as an adjustment to the destination action based on the deviation type; and
a communication unit, coupled to the control unit, configured to:
interface with the destination device to execute the destination action adjusted by the action modification.

US Pat. No. 10,168,176

VISUALIZING UNIDIRECTIONAL TRAFFIC INFORMATION

International Business Ma...

1. A computer-implemented method for providing unidirectional traffic flow distributions, comprising:generating a directed graph representing a position of a vehicle and a road network within a predetermined distance of the position of the vehicle, wherein vertices represent decision points along an edge, and edges represent route segments between adjacent vertices;
determining a plurality of travel routes between the position of the vehicle and a destination within the directed graph by estimating a shortest path and at least one index for each edge in the directed graph, wherein each travel route includes one or more edges;
selecting at least one travel route from the plurality of travel routes; and
outputting, on a display device, unidirectional traffic congestion information on a roadmap corresponding to the directed graph, concurrently, for edges included along the plurality of travel routes in a direction of travel of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,168,174

AUGMENTED REALITY FOR VEHICLE LANE GUIDANCE

1. A method comprising:responsive to determining that environment data fails to indicate that a driver of a vehicle can identify lane lines on a road in front of the vehicle, generating line data by:
retrieving global positioning system (GPS) data that describes a location of the vehicle;
determining a portion of a lane map that corresponds to the GPS data for the location, wherein the lane map describes the lane lines for a geographic area; and
generating the line data based on the portion of the lane map;
generating graphical data based on the line data, wherein the graphical data causes a viewing device to display the lane lines;
providing the graphical data to the viewing device; and
determining based on head position data generated by the viewing device to instruct the viewing device to display a graphical overlay depicting the lane lines, wherein the head position data describes an orientation of the driver and the graphical data is modified based on the head position data so that the lane lines included in the graphical overlay displayed by the viewing device includes only lines that would actually be visible by the driver.

US Pat. No. 10,168,172

NETWORK MAP RECONSTRUCTION FROM MESSAGE DATA

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method, by a processor, for network reconstruction from message data, comprising:constructing a digital map using one or more messages of a plurality of vehicles obtained at a plurality of control points of a route network;
analyzing the digital map to estimate a feasibility of simultaneous trajectories of the plurality of vehicles between selected locations in the route network; and
inferring physical locations of the plurality of control points according to detected stations in the route network, one or more known anchor control points of the detected stations, and estimated travel time between the one or more anchor control points; wherein the digital map is automatically constructed and updated in real-time using the one or more messages by the processor without prior knowledge of the route network and with no manual input from a user.

US Pat. No. 10,168,170

PRESENTING ROUTING INFORMATION FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES

Recargo, Inc., Venice, C...

1. A non-transitory computer-readable storage medium whose contents, when executed by a mobile application supported by a mobile device and connected to multiple charging networks that provide charging stations for electric vehicles and to a computing system of an electric vehicle, cause the mobile application to perform operations, the operations comprising:receiving a request from the electric vehicle to find an available charging station;
identifying one or more charging stations that satisfy parameters for a current trip of the electric vehicle that is associated with the request;
automatically selecting a charging station that is a best match for the electric vehicle,
wherein the automatic selection of the charging station includes:
automatically reserving the selected charging station on behalf of the electric vehicle; and
automatically providing payment for use of the selected charging station by the electric vehicle to a charging network that controls the charging station; and
displaying, via a user interface associated with the electric vehicle, information that indicates the charging station has been automatically selected.

US Pat. No. 10,168,169

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CALCULATING DTE WHEN SETTING PATH OF NAVIGATION

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for calculating a distance to empty (DTE) when setting a path of navigation, comprising:when a driving path is set through a navigation system, receiving, by a vehicle controller, path search cases from the navigation system;
determining, by the vehicle controller, whether the path search case is a case in which a path is cancelled by a user, a case in which a vehicle arrives at a destination, or a case in which the navigation system searches for the path, among the path search cases;
determining, by the vehicle controller, whether the path search case is a case in which the path is initially set or a case in which the path is reset by the user after initially setting the path, among the path search cases;
when the path search case is not the case in which the path is initially set or is not the case in which the path is reset after initially setting the path, among the path search cases, determining, by the vehicle controller, whether there is a currently guided path;
when the path search case is the case in which the path is initially set, the case in which the path is reset after initially setting the path, or the case in which there is the currently guided path, among the path search cases, calculating, by the vehicle controller, a path reflected DTE through the navigation system; and
calculating, by the vehicle controller, path reflected prediction fuel efficiency using the path reflected DTE calculated in real time, after calculating the path reflected DTE,
wherein the path reflected DTE before the vehicle arrives at the destination is calculated by controlling a reflection ratio of the path reflected prediction fuel efficiency and a learning fuel efficiency as the vehicle drives along the path.

US Pat. No. 10,168,168

SUB-OPTIMIZATION OF INDIVIDUAL ROUTES TO OPTIMIZE RIDESHARING FLEET

Via Transportation, Inc.,...

1. A system for managing a fleet of ridesharing vehicles, the system comprising:a communications interface configured to receive requests for shared rides from a plurality of users;
at least one processor configured to:
identify a first ridesharing vehicle and a second ridesharing vehicle that are currently without passengers;
receive via the communications interface, a first request for a shared ride from a first user, the first request including information related to a first pick-up location of the first user and a first desired destination of the first user;
receive, via the communications interface, a second request for a shared ride from a second user, the second request including information related to a second pick-up location of the second user and a second desired destination of the second user;
assign the first user and the second user to the first ridesharing vehicle;
generate a route to the first ridesharing vehicle for picking up and dropping off each of the first user and the second user;
receive, via the communications interface, a third request for a shared ride from a third user, the third request including information related to a third pick-up location of the third user and a third desired destination of the third user;
calculate a first expected arrival time of the first ridesharing vehicle at the third pick-up location;
calculate a second expected arrival time of the second ridesharing vehicle at the third pick-up location, wherein the second expected arrival time is sooner than the first expected arrival time;
when both the first expected arrival time and the second expected arrival time are below a predetermined threshold, assign the third user to the first ridesharing vehicle; and
generate an updated route for the first ridesharing vehicle to pick-up the third user.

US Pat. No. 10,168,167

PURPOSEFULLY SELECTING LONGER ROUTES TO IMPROVE USER SATISFACTION

VIA TRANSPORTATION, INC.,...

1. An automated ridesharing dispatch system, comprising:a communications interface configured to:
receive ride requests from a plurality of users, wherein each ride request includes a starting point and a desired destination;
receive from a plurality of communication devices associated with a plurality of ridesharing vehicles, indications of current locations of the plurality of ridesharing vehicles;
memory configured to store a plurality of rules including a rule to select a fastest route for guiding a ridesharing vehicle, and a rule for reducing backtracking, even in instances where backtracking would result in shorter travel time; and
at least one processor configured to:
assign the plurality of users to a common ridesharing vehicle;
use the stored plurality of rules to determine a route for the ridesharing vehicle other than the fastest route, the determined route is selected to account for the rule for reducing backtracking and includes a plurality of pick-up and drop-off locations associated with the starting points and desired destinations of the plurality of users;
in order to reduce backtracking, direct the ridesharing vehicle along the determined route other than the fastest route; and
receive real time traffic data and calculate an expected travel-time change associated with users currently riding in the ridesharing vehicle when the ridesharing vehicle is directed along a route with backtracking as compared to a route with reduced backtracking.

US Pat. No. 10,168,166

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SEARCHING ROUTE

THINKWARE CORPORATION, S...

1. A route search method implemented with a computer, comprising:displaying a map screen on a screen of an electronic device;
verifying a position selected on the map screen according to a movement event of a user for a user interface region for adding at least one of a departure point, a destination, or a stop or an indication line indicating a previously searched route;
determining a road, corresponding to the verified position, as a new passing road;
searching a route, between the departure point and the destination, including the new passing road; and
displaying a map screen, associated with the searched route, again on the screen of the electronic device,
wherein, on the screen of the electronic device, a user interface in the user interface region for adding, when the user interface is dragged and dropped into a position on the map screen by the movement event, the stop on the dropped position on the map screen is displayed independently of the displayed map screen and the searched route,
wherein the displayed searched route includes the stop added on the dropped position, and
wherein the method further comprises:
displaying a deletion user interface on the screen of the electronic device independently of the displayed map screen and the searched route; and
when the added stop on the searched route is dragged and dropped into the deletion user interface by a movement event of the user, removing the added stop on the searched route, and re-searching a route between the departure point and the destination in which the added stop is not included.

US Pat. No. 10,168,165

DRIVER GUIDANCE FOR GUIDED MANEUVERING

Modular Mining Systems, I...

1. A system, comprising:a position sensor configured to identify a location of a vehicle;
an interface device configured to generate feedback; and
a controller connected to the position sensor and the interface device, the controller being configured to:
identify a destination for the vehicle,
determine a location of the destination, the location of the destination being at least partially determined by a location of a shovel and a loading radius of the shovel,
determine a heading of the destination, the heading of the destination being at least partially determined by an orientation of a bucket of the shovel when the bucket is positioned over the destination,
compare the location of the vehicle to the location of the destination to determine a location difference,
compare a heading of the vehicle to the heading of the destination to determine a heading offset, and
generate feedback on the interface device, wherein the feedback is determined by the location difference and the heading offset.

US Pat. No. 10,168,164

INTEGRATING RIDE HAILING SERVICES INTO A NAVIGATION APPLICATION

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A method implemented by a computing device, the computing device comprising a display, one or more processors and a memory device, the method comprising:receiving, by a mapping application running on a computing device, a first user input specifying a route from a start location to a destination location;
presenting, by the mapping application, the route and a ride hailing transportation option corresponding to a ride hailing service on the display of the computing device;
receiving, by the mapping application, a second user input selecting the ride hailing transportation option;
invoking, by the mapping application, a ride hailing extension corresponding to a ride hailing application of the ride hailing service, where the mapping application remains on the display of the computing device; and
reserving, by the mapping application, via the ride hailing extension, a ride with the ride hailing service without displaying the ride hailing application on the display.

US Pat. No. 10,168,163

NAVIGATION SYSTEM, NAVIGATION METHOD, AND NAVIGATION PROGRAM

AISIN AW CO., LTD., Anjo...

1. A navigation system comprising:a memory storing a computer-executable navigation program; and
a processor that, when executing the stored program:
sets a reference route satisfying a predetermined first setting condition as a normal travel route;
outputs on an output device information on the set normal travel route when a guidance route for providing guidance to a user is not set;
when the user has traveled along a temporary route that shares a start point and an end point with the reference route and is different from the reference route, specifies a temporary travel factor that is a factor in which the user traveled along the temporary route;
sets a second setting condition that varies depending on a content of the specified temporary travel factor; and
changes the normal travel route from the reference route to the temporary route, based on the second setting condition.

US Pat. No. 10,168,162

NAVIGATION APPARATUS AND MAPPING SYSTEM USING PERSONAL CONTACTS

Uber Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A navigation apparatus comprising:a route guidance information generator, operable on a computing device, configured to receive a plurality of personal contacts from a personal contacts database in the memory of a remote device, the personal contacts database storing a plurality of contact identifiers, corresponding location information for each one of the plurality of contact identifiers, and corresponding contact information for each one of the plurality of contact identifiers, the contact information comprising at least one of a phone number and an e-mail address, each one of the personal contacts received from the personal contacts database comprising one or more of:
the corresponding identifier for the one of the personal contacts; and
the corresponding location information for the one of the personal contacts,
the route guidance information generator being further configured to generate and store, in a computer memory of the computing device, route guidance information for each one of the plurality of personal contacts to be used for route guidance for routes that traverse near each personal contact, and
the route guidance information generator being further configured to generate route guidance information based on route guidance criteria, the route guidance information comprising at least one of the plurality of personal contacts, the route guidance information generator being configured to select the at least one of the plurality of contacts based on at least one rating for suitability for route guidance associated with the at least one of the plurality of contacts, the at least one rating having been input by a user or users of the navigation apparatus and stored in a database in association with the at least one of the plurality of contacts.

US Pat. No. 10,168,161

CHANGING A POSITION DETERMINATION SCHEME USED BY A USER EQUIPMENT DURING A TRANSITION BETWEEN INDOOR AND OUTDOOR SPACES RELATIVE TO AN ENCLOSED ENVIRONMENT

Qualcomm Incorporated, S...

1. A method of operating a user equipment (UE), comprising:obtaining, by the UE, transition region information that characterizes a set of indoor-to-outdoor transition regions between an indoor space and an outdoor space relative to a given enclosed environment and a set of outdoor-to-indoor transition regions between the indoor space and the outdoor space relative to the given enclosed environment that is separate from the set of indoor-to-outdoor transition regions, wherein the set of indoor-to-outdoor transition regions is defined based on measurements that indicate an availability of an indoor positioning scheme based on a first wireless technology, wherein the set of indoor-to-outdoor transition regions includes a plurality of non-overlapping indoor-to-outdoor transition regions and the set of outdoor-to-indoor transition regions includes a plurality of non-overlapping outdoor-to-indoor transition regions, wherein each non-overlapping indoor-to-outdoor transition region includes and/or is in proximity to a different point of exit out of the given enclosed environment, wherein each non-overlapping outdoor-to-indoor transition region includes and/or is in proximity to a different point of entry into the given enclosed environment, and wherein at least one of the different points of exit is the same as at least one of the different points of entry;
tracking, by the UE, a location of the UE using the indoor positioning scheme while the UE is operating within the indoor space;
detecting, by the UE based on the location tracking using the indoor positioning scheme, that the UE has entered into a given indoor-to-outdoor transition region from the set of indoor-to-outdoor transition regions; and
initiating, by the UE, location tracking of the UE using an outdoor positioning scheme based on a second wireless technology that is different from the first wireless technology in response to the detection.

US Pat. No. 10,168,160

TARGET RECOGNITION AND LOCALIZATION METHODS USING A LASER SENSOR FOR WHEELED MOBILE ROBOTS

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. A mobile robot target system, comprising:a mobile robot; and
a laser scanner operably connected to the mobile robot, wherein the laser scanner includes a laser sensor that is mounted on a rotary actuator of the mobile robot and unilaterally scans an area around the mobile robot to detect a target, wherein the mobile robot is localized based on the detection of the target by the laser sensor, wherein detecting the target includes detecting edges on the target and recognizing a pattern of the target based on the scanning by the laser sensor, wherein the target is detected by distance measurements performed by the laser sensor scanning a surface of the target unilaterally with a laser beam, and based on uniquely combined depth variations.

US Pat. No. 10,168,159

MAGNETOMETER ARRAYS FOR INERTIAL NAVIGATION, MAPPING, AND DRIFT COMPENSATION

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A system, comprising:a magnetometer array of at least three magnetometers arranged in a fixed configuration in which the magnetometers are spaced apart from one another; and
one or more circuits being programmed or configured to:
receive magnetic field vector values from each of the magnetometers in the magnetometer array; and
compute Jacobian matrix values from the received magnetic field vector values.

US Pat. No. 10,168,157

SMOOTHED NAVIGATION SOLUTION USING FILTERED RESETS

Honeywell International I...

1. A navigation system comprising:at least one inertial sensor configured to detect motion of the system and generate inertial data;
at least one aiding device configured to generate aiding device measurement data;
at least one processing unit configured to generate an un-smoothed navigation solution based on the inertial data and the aiding device measurement data, the un-smoothed navigation solution inclusive of state variable error resets for a state variable;
wherein the at least one processing unit is further configured to sum the state variable error resets for the state variable into a cumulative sum of the state variable error resets for the state variable;
wherein the at least one processing unit is further configured to high pass filter the cumulative sum of the state variable error resets for the state variable; and
wherein the at least one processing unit is further configured to subtract the high pass filtered cumulative sum of the state variable error resets for the state variable from the un-smoothed navigation solution to generate a smoothed navigation solution.

US Pat. No. 10,168,156

ORIENT A MOBILE DEVICE COORDINATE SYSTEM TO A VEHICULAR COORDINATE SYSTEM

International Business Ma...

1. A method implemented by a mobile device that includes a processor, a gyroscope, a gravity sensor, and a memory each accessible by the processor, the method comprising:identifying, at the mobile device that is moving with a vehicle, when a rotation of the gyroscope is at a near-zero moment;
computing, by the mobile device, a primary eigenvector based on a set of computed acceleration values of the vehicle;
detecting, at the mobile device, an acceleration as being on a plane that is near-perpendicular with a gravity sensed by the gravity sensor;
determining a direction of the vehicle based on the primary eigenvector as being parallel to a direction of the detected acceleration; and
aligning a coordinate system used in the mobile device with a different coordinate system of the vehicle based on the determined direction of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,168,152

USING PHOTOGRAMMETRY TO AID IDENTIFICATION AND ASSEMBLY OF PRODUCT PARTS

International Business Ma...

7. A system for aiding a user in identifying an unidentified part of a plurality of parts to be included in an assembly of a product, the system comprising:a memory;
a processor in communication with the memory, the processor configured to perform a method comprising:
obtaining a plurality of images of the unidentified part of the product captured by the user on a mobile device camera;
determining, based on the plurality of images of the unidentified part, lengths of dimensions of the unidentified part;
generating, based on the plurality of images of the unidentified part, a three-dimensional model of the unidentified part;
obtaining an identifier of the product, wherein the product identifier is selected by the user on the mobile device;
selecting, based on the obtained product identifier and from a product database containing information about different parts included in a plurality of different products, the plurality of parts from among the different parts;
obtaining, based on the selection and from the product database, lengths of dimensions of the plurality of parts;
comparing the lengths of dimensions of the unidentified part to the lengths of the corresponding dimensions of the plurality of parts;
identifying, based on the compared lengths, a subset of the plurality of parts that have dimension lengths within a threshold of the corresponding dimension lengths of the unidentified part;
obtaining, based on the identification of the subset and from the product database, a three-dimensional model of each part within the subset of the plurality of parts;
comparing, for each part within the subset, the three-dimensional model of the unidentified part to the three-dimensional model of that part within the subset by overlaying the three-dimensional model of that part within the subset onto the three-dimensional model of the unidentified part;
determining, based on the compared models, an identify of the unidentified part; and notifying the user of the identity of the unidentified part.

US Pat. No. 10,168,151

GEARBOX ORIENTATION SYSTEM

1. A gearbox orientation system comprising:at least one sensor for measuring sensed data of a gearbox;
at least one microcontroller in communication with the at least one sensor for determining indicator data using the sensed data;
at least one indicator in communication with the at least one microcontroller for providing indications using the indicator data; and
at least one housing including an indicator and an internal port for pairing a wireless transmitter and a wireless receiver,
wherein the wireless transmitter is in communication with the at least one microcontroller for transmitting the indicator data, and
wherein the wireless receiver is in communication with the at least one indicator for receiving the indicator data.

US Pat. No. 10,168,150

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR AUTO-LEVELING STEERING WHEEL

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A system for auto-leveling a steering wheel, the system comprising:an angle sensor configured to sense an inclination of the steering wheel;
a controller configured to control a driving of a motor driven power steering (MDPS);
a communication unit configured to wirelessly transmit an angle measured by the angle sensor to the controller;
a body on which the angle sensor and the communication unit are installed; and
a fixer configured to fix the body to the steering wheel, the fixer including a hook disposed on a center of the body and hooked on an inner circumference surface of the steering wheel,
wherein the controller is further configured to:
i) a calculate an adjustment amount of the steering wheel based on the angle measured by the angle sensor,
ii) drive the MDPS until the steering wheel is aligned at a normal position,
iii) recognize that the steering is aligned at the normal position when the angle measured by the angle sensor is approximately zero degrees, and
iv) lock the MDPS by transmitting a normal position control signal to the MDPS.

US Pat. No. 10,168,149

FORAGE BIOMASS ESTIMATION DEVICES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS

NOBLE RESEARCH INSTITUTE,...

1. A system for estimating forage growth at an area of interest, comprising:a mobile support;
a laser sensor supported by the mobile support and configured to sense a first time-of-flight corresponding to the forage growth at the area of interest to generate laser forage data corresponding to the forage growth, the laser sensor disposed in a first plane;
an ultrasonic sensor supported by the mobile support and positionally associated with the laser sensor, the ultrasonic sensor being configured to sense a second time-of-flight corresponding to the forage growth at the area of interest to generate ultrasonic forage data corresponding to the forage growth, the ultrasonic sensor disposed in a second plane, the second plane configured to be positioned independent of the first plane; and
a processing unit configured to:
receive the laser forage data from the laser sensor and the ultrasonic forage data from the ultrasonic sensor; and
determine a measured forage growth value as a growth function of the laser forage data and the ultrasonic forage data.

US Pat. No. 10,168,148

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR RECOGNIZING POSITION MARK

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display substrate, comprising:a substrate, and a first pattern and a second pattern formed on a first side of the substrate;
wherein the second pattern is disposed between the first pattern and the substrate, and the first pattern comprises at least one first through hole directly facing the second pattern; and
wherein the first pattern and the second pattern are formed of materials having different reflectances, and the first through hole serves as a positioning mark on a first side of the substrate for positioning the first side of the substrate;
the second pattern comprises a second through hole directly facing the first pattern;
a forward projection of the second through-hole on the first side of the substrate is shifted from a forward projection of the first through-hole on the first side of the substrate;
the second through hole serves as a positioning mark on a second side of the substrate for positioning the second side of the substrate; and
the second side is a side opposite to the first side on the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,146

MEASURING SHAPE OF SPECULAR OBJECTS BY LOCAL PROJECTION OF CODED PATTERNS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A method for determining multiple binary patterns for use in measuring shape of a specular object positioned within a bounding volume by illuminating the object with an illumination field generated by two or more spaced apart liquid crystal layers with largely overlapping fields of view, wherein each liquid crystal layer is controlled to display the multiple binary patterns, the method comprising:choosing multiple starting binary patterns for the liquid crystal layers for which patterns have not yet been determined;
deriving a multidimensional binary code vector in a multidimensional binary code vector space for each polarized light ray passing through the two or more liquid crystal layers and reaching the bounding volume using a logical XOR combination of values;
finding a multidimensional binary code vector for projection in the multidimensional binary code vector space;
determining a projection transformation along the multidimensional binary code vector for projection; and
applying the projection transformation to the multiple starting binary patterns to obtain multiple relatively more optimized binary patterns for the liquid crystal layers.

US Pat. No. 10,168,145

THREE DIMENSIONAL SHAPE MEASUREMENT APPARATUS, CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR, AND STORAGE MEDIUM

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A three-dimensional shape measurement apparatus comprising:a processor configured to execute instructions which cause the three-dimensional shape measurement apparatus to function as units comprising:
(1) a projection unit configured to project a stripe pattern including a light portion and a dark portion to a measurement area;
(2) a photographing unit configured to photograph a target object in the measurement area while the stripe pattern is projected by the projection unit, wherein the photographing unit has a single image sensing element and a single focus position;
(3) a detection unit configured to detect an edge position representing a boundary between a light portion and a dark portion based on an image photographed by the photographing unit; and
(4) a measurement unit configured to measure a three-dimensional shape of the target object based on the edge position detected by the detection unit,
wherein a focus position of the photographing unit is set farther than a position which is determined as being closest to an axis going through a center of a projection range of the projection unit, among a plurality of positions on an axis going through a center of a photographing range of the photographing unit, when observed from the photographing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,168,144

OPTICAL APPARATUS FOR 3D DATA COLLECTION

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An optical apparatus for collection of three dimensional information of an object, comprising:a first mirror configured to reflect a first light beam of a first wavelength range based on light reflected from the object;
a second mirror configured to reflect a second light beam of a second wavelength range based on the light reflected from the object;
an optical detector configured to detect the first light beam and the second light beam; and
a memory configured to store the detected first light beam and the detected second light beam,
wherein the first light beam, subsequent to the reflection from the first mirror, passes through the second mirror to the optical detector.

US Pat. No. 10,168,143

STRAIN MONITORING OF MRAM ARRAYS

International Business Ma...

1. A system for determining strain in a magnetoresistive random access memory (MRAM) structure, the system comprising:an array of magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) devices with a plurality of bit lines; and
a monochromatic light source directed on a portion of the plurality of bit lines to produce a diffraction pattern;
wherein the diffraction pattern provided by the plurality of bit lines is used to determine changes in interference fringe spacing correlating to changes in local strain.

US Pat. No. 10,168,142

OPTICAL CHARACTERISTIC MEASURING APPARATUS AND OPTICAL CHARACTERISTIC MEASURING METHOD

OTSUKA ELECTRONICS CO., L...

1. An optical characteristic measuring apparatus comprising:an optical system, having an optical axis and a focus position on the optical axis, configured to collect detection light incident from a sample;
a detector configured to spectrally disperse the detection light in plural times to generate plural pieces of detection data, the plural pieces of detection data indicating their respective spectra of detection light incident from the sample to the optical system with an optical distance between the sample and the optical system being along the optical axis, wherein each optical distance is different from each other in a scanning range in which the sample passes through the focus position of the optical system; and
a processor configured to analyze the spectrum indicated by the detection data to measure a predetermined optical characteristic of the sample,
wherein the processor
specifies a piece of the detection data for measuring the optical characteristic of the sample based on intensity of the detection light in the plural pieces of detection data each having different optical distances in the scanning range in which the sample passes through the focus position along the optical axis, and
measures the optical characteristic based on the specified piece of the detection data.

US Pat. No. 10,168,141

METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING AIR POLLUTION SOURCES BASED ON AEROSOL RETRIEVAL AND GLOWWORM SWARM ALGORITHM

1. A method for identifying air pollution sources based on aerosol retrieval and a glowworm swarm algorithm, comprising steps of:S1: acquiring a satellite remote sensing image and a digital map of a corresponding region;
S2: acquiring a wind direction and a wind speed of the corresponding region of the satellite remote sensing image, to obtain a wind speed vector speedwind;
S3: retrieving (Aerosol Optical Depth) AOD values from the satellite remote sensing image, to obtain an AOD result image;
S4: gridding the AOD result image into M×N image blocks, calculating an average AOD value of pixels included in each image block; gridding the digital map of the corresponding region into M×N image blocks, obtaining coordinates Ek of an image block corresponding to an enterprise k based on enterprise coordinates, where k=1, 2, . . . , K, and K represents the number of enterprises;
S5: tracing pollutant sources using a method based on (Glowworm Swarm Optimization) GSO, which comprises steps of:
S5(1): setting an initial luciferin level Li(0) of each glowworm to be the same, taking coordinates of each pixel block as an initial location xi(0) of the glowworm, taking an average AOD value corresponding to the pixel blocks as an attribute value Ai of the glowworm, and setting an initial value rdi(0) of a neighborhood of each glowworm, i=1, 2, . . . , Q, Q=M×N;
S5(2): setting an iteration number t=1;
S5(3): calculating a luciferin level of a glowworm of a t-th generation according to the following equation:
Li(t)=(1??)Li(t?1)+?F(xi(t))
where t is the iteration number, i is an index of the glowworm, Li(t) is a luciferin level of a glowworm i of the t-th generation, Li(t?1) is a luciferin level of the glowworm i of a (t?1)-th generation, ? is a luciferin decay constant, ??(0,1), ? is a luciferin enhancement constant, F(xi(t)) is an objective function value of the glowworm i at a current location xi(t), and the objective function is calculated according to the following equation:

where dik(t) is a distance between the glowworm i at the current location xi(t) and the coordinates Ek of the enterprise k;
S5(4): for each glowworm i, respectively calculating a moving probability pij(t) to another glowworm j in a neighborhood Ni(t) thereof; selecting the glowworm j, to which the glowworm i is to move for this time, using a roulette rule, and marking with an index j?, and then updating the location of the glowworm i according to the following equation:

where xj?(t) is a location of the glowworm j? of the t-th generation, S is a moving step size, and ? ? represents solving an Euclidean norm;
?attribute is a glowworm similarity correction factor calculated as follows: firstly in a neighborhood Ni(t) of the glowworm i, a glowworm j* with a closest attribute value Ai to the glowworm i is searched and then ?attribute is calculated:

where sa is a predetermined step size, xj*(t) is a location of the glowworm j* of the t-th generation;
?wind is a wind speed and wind direction correction factor, and calculated as: ?wind=sw·speedwind, where sw is a scaling factor;
S5(5): in condition that the iteration number t=T, T being a maximum predetermined iteration number of times, taking a current location of each glowworm as a source location Xi0 thereof, and terminating the iteration; otherwise proceeding to step S5(6);
S5(6): updating a neighborhood radius rdi(t+1) of each glowworm, then letting t=t+1, and returning to step S5(3);
S6: obtaining a radius Rk of a pollution coverage area of the enterprise according to the coordinates Ek of the image block corresponding to the enterprise;
S7: according to the radius Rk of the pollution coverage area and the source location xi0 of each glowworm, taking the enterprise k as an enterprise producing pollutants corresponding to the glowworms in the pollution coverage area thereof, calculating an AOD corresponding to the glowworms in the pollution coverage area thereof;
identifying the enterprise k as a pollution source;
determining a pollution index of the enterprise k, wherein the pollution index represents a pollution level of the enterprise k; and
using the determined pollution index to evaluate a pollution situation of the enterprise k.

US Pat. No. 10,168,140

LIGHT DETECTION MODULE FOR OCT DEVICE AND OCT DEVICE

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. A light detecting module for an OCT instrument, the light detecting module being configured to detect interference light that has exited an exit end surface of an optical fiber in an OCT instrument, the light detecting module comprising:an optical lens including an incident surface entered by the interference light that has exited the exit end surface, and an exit surface exited by the interference light that has entered the incident surface; and
a photodetector including a detecting surface entered by the interference light that has exited the exit surface, wherein
the incident surface is disposed in such a manner that the interference light obliquely enters with respect to a perpendicular line at an incident position of the interference light,
the exit surface is disposed in such a manner that the interference light obliquely exits with respect to a perpendicular line at an exit position of the interference light, and
the detecting surface is disposed in such a manner that the interference light obliquely enters with respect to a perpendicular line at an incident position of the interference light.

US Pat. No. 10,168,139

PARAMETER MEASUREMENT OF PHASE OBJECTS USING TOMOGRAPHIC IMAGING

Interfiber Analysis, LLC,...

1. An apparatus, comprising:at least one processor coupled to at least one memory, the at least one processor coupled to the at least one memory being programmed to:
process optical spectra comprising optical measurements of at least one portion of an illuminated object at a plurality of focal positions between the object and an imaging lens and at a plurality of angular orientations to be relative to a substantially transverse directional path of light to illuminate the object, wherein the optical measurements are to result from transmission of one or more optical signals along the substantially transverse directional path;
rotate, in a plane representations of the processed optical measurements; and
project the rotated representations of the processed optical measurements onto a coordinate plane in a manner so that in-focus and out-of-focus rotated representations of the processed optical measurements are to form a cross-sectional image of the at least one portion.

US Pat. No. 10,168,137

DUAL LASER FREQUENCY SWEEP INTERFEROMETRY SYSTEM AND METHOD

NPL Management Limited, ...

1. A distance measurement system comprising an optical arrangement and a dual sweep frequency scanning interferometry system, the optical arrangement including:a frequency swept laser;
a fixed frequency pump laser source;
a first input to receive a first beam from the frequency swept laser;
a second input to receive a second beam from the fixed frequency pump laser source;
a non-linear optical artefact to receive, and to intermodulate, the first and second beams to generate a third beam, the third being an inverted copy of the first beam mirrored relative to the fixed frequency of the pump laser source;
a filter to extract the third beam from the output of the non-linear optical artefact; anda combining element to combine and output the first and the filtered third beam to the frequency scanning interferometry system,wherein the non-linear artefact is configured such that the optical frequency separation of the first and second beams satisfies the coherence length condition of the non-linear optical artefact and induces four wave mixing in the non-linear optical artefact to generate the third beam when the first and second beams are intermodulated, the dual sweep frequency scanning interferometry system including an interferometer and is arranged to direct the combined first and third beams through the interferometer to illuminate a target point, to receive a reflected signal and determine the distance to the target point therefrom.

US Pat. No. 10,168,135

DEVICE FOR MEASURING CONTAINER AND METHOD USING THE SAME

1. A device for measuring thickness of bottom of an object, comprising:an elongated guide plate adapted to be transversely mounted on an open top of a container; the elongated guide plate defined two through receiving holes thereon, the two through receiving holes being spaced apart from each other and located along a lengthwise direction of the elongated guide plate, each of the two holes including a guide portion corresponding thereto;
at least one elongated ruler adapted to be extended through one receiving hole and inserted into an interior of the container from the open top of the container, an end face of a distal end of the at least one elongated ruler adapted to contact an inner end of the interior, a mediate section of the at least one elongated ruler contacting the guide portion of the elongated guide plate so that the guide portion points a first position of the mediate section to obtain a first index, and
the at least one elongated ruler is adapted to move to an exterior of the container and to extend through another one receiving hole, the end face of the distal end of the at least one elongated ruler adapted to contact a surface which is located on a common surface with an underside of the exterior of the container, the mediate section of the at least one elongated ruler contacts the guide portion of the elongated guide plate so that the guide portion points a second position of the mediate section to obtain a second index, a difference between the first and second indexes is a thickness of a bottom of the container.

US Pat. No. 10,168,134

PORTABLE COORDINATE MEASUREMENT MACHINE HAVING A HANDLE THAT INCLUDES ELECTRONICS

FARO TECHNOLOGIES, INC., ...

1. A portable articulated arm coordinate measurement machine, comprising:a manually positionable articulated arm having opposed first and second ends, the articulated arm including a plurality of connected arm segments, each of the plurality of connected arm segments including at least one position transducer for producing a plurality of position signals, at least one of the plurality of position signals passing between two of the plurality of connected arm segments through a first slip ring assembly;
a first electronic circuit that receives the plurality of position signals;
a base section connected to the second end; and
a probe assembly including a probe end and a cover, the cover being coupled to rotate about an axis extending through the probe assembly, the cover having at least one indentation formed thereon;
wherein the probe assembly is connected to the first end; and
wherein the articulated arm coordinate measurement machine is configured to measure a three-dimensional coordinate of a point in space associated with the probe end.

US Pat. No. 10,168,133

CHECKING GAUGE HAVING INTEGRATED FEATURES AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

1. A method of making a gauge for checking a tolerance of a manufactured tube having at least one bend therein, comprising:forming at least a first gauge block by successively laying down a material in layers using an additive manufacturing machine, including forming a radiused tube channel having a predefined tolerance boundary for the tube.

US Pat. No. 10,168,132

TAPELINE AND BLOCKING MEMBER FOR TAPELINE END

HANGZHOU GREAT STAR TOOLS...

1. A blocking member for a tape end, comprising a connecting part extending horizontally and connecting with the tape end, and a lower blocking member extending downward from the connecting part, wherein the blocking member further comprises a hook which extends upward from the connecting part;wherein the hook comprises an upward extending part which extending upward from the connecting part and further extending horizontally to form a horizontally extending part;
the upward extending part extends upward from the two sides of the connecting part, and the horizontally extending part comprises two separate part;
the two separate part continue extending to form an arc-shaped portion connecting the ends of the two separate parts; and
the lower blocking member is wider than the upward extending part of the hook.

US Pat. No. 10,168,131

PARTIALLY DIVIDING PROJECTILE OR DIVIDING PROJECTILE WITH A PB-FREE CORE INTERSPERSED WITH PREDETERMINED BREAKING POINTS

3. A method for producing a core for a projectile, comprising the steps of:compressing a wire section wherein the wire section comprises a lead-free material to form a core, wherein prior to the compressing the wire section has holes in an interior of the core of the wire section, wherein said holes have the same diameter,
wherein after said compressing the holes no longer remain in the core and the core is cavity-free.

US Pat. No. 10,168,130

HUNTING ARROWHEAD ASSEMBLY

1. A hunting arrowhead assembly for attachment to an arrow shank, comprising:a shaft body extending along a main axis in a longitudinal direction, and including
a forward segment having a front end surface, and defining therein a front axial hole which extends from said front end surface along the main axis, and which has an inner peripheral surface,
a rearward segment configured to be removably secured to the arrow shaft, and
a middle segment which is disposed between said forward and rearward segments, and which defines therein a middle axial hole extending along the main axis to communicate with said front axial hole;
at least one guiding slot which is formed in an outer peripheral surface of said middle segment proximate to said forward segment, and which extends in a radial direction relative to the main axis to be spatial communication with said middle axial hole, said guiding slot extending in the longitudinal direction to terminate at a front limit and a rear limit;
a pair of access slots which are formed in said outer peripheral surface of said middle segment, and which extend in a diametrical direction transverse to the radial direction to be spatial communication with said middle axial hole, each of said access slots extending in the longitudinal direction to terminate at a proximate end and a distal end relative to said forward segment;
a pin member which defines a pin axis and which is disposed in said middle axis hole, said pin member having two pin end regions one of which extends outwardly of said guiding slot so as to permit said pin member to be shifted along said guiding slot, said pin member being movable between a front position, where said pin member is adjacent to said front limit, and a rear position, where said pin member is adjacent to said rear limit;
a pair of piercing members each having
a pivot end which is disposed in said middle axial hole and which is pivotally mounted to said pin member about the pin axis,
a piercing body extending radially from said pivot end along a lengthwise line which defines an included angle together with the main axis, and
a piercing free end opposite to said pivot end along the lengthwise line,
each of said piercing members being angularly displaceable about the pin axis
such that when said pin member is in the rear position, said piercing free end is disposed outwardly of a corresponding one of said access slots, and said included angle is changeable between a smaller angle, where said piercing free end is close to said middle segment, and a larger angle, where said piercing free end is remote from said middle segment, and
such that when said pin member is in the front position, said piercing free end is retractable in the corresponding one of said access slots, and the included angle is a smallest angle;
a penetrating member including a head portion with a tip end, and a tail portion with an abutment end opposite to said tip end along the main axis, said tail portion being configured to be insertable through said front axial hole into said middle axial hole; and
a cam mechanism disposed between said penetrating member and said forward segment to translate rotational movement of said head portion relative to said shaft body into translational movement of said tail portion relative to said shaft body to permit said abutment end to be moved from a stop position, where said abutment end is in said middle axial hole for abutting against said pivot ends of said piercing members to thereby retain said pin member in the rear position, to a release position, where said abutment end is moved away from said middle axial hole to permit said pin member to be displaced to the front position.

US Pat. No. 10,168,128

HIGH CALIBER TARGET

Action Target Inc., Prov...

1. A high caliber target comprising:a target plate having an upper portion and a lower portion and at least one mount disposed thereon, the at least one mount having a slot formed therein; and
a stand for engaging the at least one mount to hold the target plate in a desired position, the stand being slidable into and out of the at least one mount to thereby allow mounting and removal of the target plate from the stand without tools, and wherein the slot formed in the at least one mount is longer than a width of the stand as it passes through the slot to allow the mount to slide rearwardly relative to the stand when the target plate is impacted by a projectile, the slot being sized relative to the stand such that the upper portion of the target plate may be deflected toward the stand when impacted by a bullet and such that the lower portion of the target plate does not pivot toward the stand.

US Pat. No. 10,168,127

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR A DEPLOYMENT UNIT FOR A CONDUCTED ELECTRICAL WEAPON

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC., S...

8. An electrode for a conducted electrical weapon (“CEW”), the electrode for providing a current through a human or animal target to impede locomotion of the target, the electrode comprising:a body, the body includes a front wall, a rear wall, and a cavity therein, the rear wall includes an opening;
a spear, the spear coupled to the front wall, the spear for coupling the electrode to the target;
a filament stowed in the cavity and deployable via the opening, the filament for receiving the current from a signal generator for providing the current through the target; and
a tensioner having a bore therethrough, the tensioner positioned proximate to the opening, the filament deploys via the bore, an interior surface of the bore contacts the filament thereby applying a force on the filament during deployment.

US Pat. No. 10,168,126

ROLLER

PEARSON ENGINEERING LIMIT...

1. A roller gang for mine clearance, the roller gang comprising:a frame;
at least three fixed wheels, wherein the fixed wheels are directly attached to the frame, the fixed wheels being fixed relative to the frame;
a plurality of pivoting arms, wherein each of the pivoting arms is attached to the frame; and
a plurality of remaining wheels, wherein the remaining wheels are respectively attached to the plurality of pivoting arms, the remaining wheels being movable relative to the frame.

US Pat. No. 10,168,125

SPRAYABLE COMPOSITION FOR DETERRING INTRUDERS

CROTEGA, LLC, Crystal, M...

1. A composition comprising:propionic acid;
ammonia; and
water,
a content of water in the composition being at least approximately 60% by weight, and
a content of propionic acid in the composition being at least approximately 17.5% by weight.

US Pat. No. 10,168,124

TRAJECTORY PREDICTION SYSTEM

ASIA OPTICAL INTERNATIONA...

1. A trajectory prediction system for predicting a point of impact of an object shot from a ballistic device, the trajectory prediction system comprising:an objective lens;
an eyepiece lens;
an image sensor, optically coupled with the objective lens;
a processor; and
a display, electrically connected to the processor and the image sensor, wherein the image sensor, the processor and the display are disposed between the objective lens and the eyepiece lens, wherein when an external light reaches the image sensor through the objective lens, the image sensor transmits a first signal to the display, the display shows an image according to the first signal, wherein the processor calculates the trajectory of the object and transmits a second signal to the display, and the display simultaneously displays the image and displays a dot representing at least one predictive point of impact according to the first and second signals.

US Pat. No. 10,168,123

FIREARM SYSTEM THAT TRACKS POINTS OF AIM OF A FIREARM

1. A method executed by a firearm system, comprising:determining, with electronics in a handgun, events that include tracking a continuous path between different points of aim of the handgun as the handgun moves between the different points of aim while at a location, determining a compass direction of the different points of aim, and determining a duration of time that the handgun is pointed at the compass direction;
wirelessly transmitting, from the handgun and to a remote computer, event data that includes the continuous path between the different points of aim of the handgun as the handgun moves between the different points of aim while at the location, the compass direction of the different points of aim, and the duration of time that the handgun is pointed at the compass direction;
reconstructing, at the remote computer and from the event data, the events that include the continuous path between the different points of aim of the handgun as the handgun moves between the different points of aim while at the location, the compass direction of the different points of aim, and the duration of time that the handgun is pointed at the compass direction; and
displaying, at the remote computer, a reconstruction of the events that includes showing an image of the location, an image of the handgun, the continuous path between the different points of aim of the handgun on the image of the location, the compass direction of the different points of aim, and the duration of time that the handgun is pointed at the compass direction.

US Pat. No. 10,168,122

CONCEALED CARRY HOLSTER

1. A concealed carry holster system, comprising:a pair of bib overalls, comprising:
a trouser portion;
a bib fixedly coupled to a front, top edge of the trouser portion, a top edge of the bib defining a first axis; and
a plurality of straps, each of the plurality of straps comprising:
a first end fixedly coupled to a rear, top edge of the trouser portion, and
a second end removably coupled to the bib to support the pair of bib overalls on shoulders of an individual;
a plurality of first fasteners fixedly coupled to an inside surface of the bib; and
a holster removably coupled to the inside surface of the bib, the holster comprising:
a first panel;
a second panel fixedly attached to the first panel so as to define a receptacle for receiving a firearm, and so as to define an opening for accessing the receptacle, the opening defining a firearm insertion axis; and
a plurality of second fasteners fixedly coupled to at least one of the first and second panels, the plurality of first fasteners engaged to the plurality of second fasteners so as to removably couple the holster to the bib, the plurality of second fasteners positioned so that the firearm insertion axis extends in a downward direction from the opening relative to the first axis.

US Pat. No. 10,168,121

INSIDE WAISTBAND CONCEALED CARRIER

Turning Point Distributio...

10. A concealable, internal pocket comprising:a front panel formed from a pliable material, the front panel comprising a folded over tongue extension extending from the top of the front panel, the tongue extension being attached to a waistband connector that holds a top side of the front panel at a waistline of a user's pants; and
a back panel attached to the front panel along a bottom side of the back panel and the front panel and along lower sides of the back panel and the front panel, the front panel and the back panel defining a pouch in which an object may in stored, a top portion of the front panel being unattached to the back panel;
the back panel further comprising a flap configured to extend over the front panel and to releasably connect directly to the waistband connector in a stored condition;
the flap being configured to be pulled upward such that the top portion of the front panel peels away from the back panel and up from the tongue extension in an exposed position.

US Pat. No. 10,168,120

ADAPTIVE CONFIGURATION FOR A FIREARM

Abrams Airborne Manufactu...

1. A firearm upper receiver comprising:a receiver housing extending lengthwise between a forward end and a rearward end, said receiver housing at least partially defining a receiver chamber dimensioned to at least partially receive an associated firearm action mechanism, said receiver housing including first and second openings extending therethrough in communication with said receiver chamber, said first opening disposed toward said forward end and dimensioned to permit discharge of associated spent cartridges from said receiver chamber, said second opening disposed toward said rearward end of said receiver housing relative to said first opening with said first and second openings disposed in spaced relation to one another in said lengthwise direction; and,
an attachment secured to said receiver housing and at least partially obscuring said second opening, said attachment including a cartridge deflection surface oriented toward said first opening and dimensioned to deflect associated spent cartridges discharged from said first opening.

US Pat. No. 10,168,118

BARREL CLAMP

1. A barrel clamp comprising:a. a base plate;
b. a central support structure defining an axis; and
c. a muzzle housing positioned on an extreme end of the support structure opposite the base plate, said muzzle housing further comprising a wall with a plurality of vanes, each with at least one associated vent, each said vent positioned to direct airflow into a central chamber of the muzzle housing when the barrel clamp is rotated about the axis,
wherein the base plate and said muzzle housing each have a plurality of orifices such that there is an equal number of said orifices on the base plate and on the muzzle housing, each said orifice on the muzzle housing being paired to an opposed said orifice on the base plate so that barrels may be inserted therethrough, with each said orifice on said muzzle housing opening inside the central chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,168,117

FIBER WINDING SYSTEM FOR COMPOSITE PROJECTILE BARREL STRUCTURE

1. A barrel for directing the path of a dischargeable projectile, comprising:an inner liner defining an axial bore, the inner liner having a coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) along the axial bore; and
an outer shell surrounding and in direct contact with the inner liner, the outer shell fabricated from continuous fiber in a matrix creating a continuous fiber composite (CFC) and having an average effective CTE in the axial direction, wherein the average effective axial CTE of the outer shell approximately matches the axial CTE of the inner liner.

US Pat. No. 10,168,116

SELF-RELEASING MAGAZINE AND FOLLOWER ASSEMBLY THEREOF FOR FIREARMS

Strike Industries, Inc., ...

1. A magazine follower assembly implementable in a magazine of a firearm, comprising:a casing; and
a self-releasing actuator received in the casing,
wherein, when in use, the magazine follower assembly generally moves along a first axis with respect to the casing between a first position in the magazine when the magazine is fully loaded and a second position in the magazine when the magazine contains no ammunition cartridge, and
wherein, when the magazine follower assembly is at the second position in the magazine, the self-releasing actuator is configured to actuate a magazine release mechanism of the firearm to disengage the magazine from the firearm so that the magazine is detachable from the firearm.

US Pat. No. 10,168,115

MATING BOLT CARRIER AND BARREL EXTENSION

1. A mating bolt carrier and barrel extension, comprising:a bolt carrier having a front face that includes one or more surface preparations or features formed at least partially thereon or therein, wherein each of said one or more surface preparations or features is formed so as to traverse said front face of said bolt carrier; and
a barrel extension having a rear face that includes one or more surface preparations or features formed at least partially thereon or therein, wherein at least a portion of said one or more surface preparations or features of said barrel extension are capable of mating with said surface preparations or features of said front face of said bolt carrier.

US Pat. No. 10,168,114

INTEGRAL DRAIN ASSEMBLY FOR A HEAT EXCHANGER AND METHOD OF FORMING

HAMILTON SUNDSTRAND CORPO...

1. An integral drain assembly for a heat exchanger comprising:a plurality of passage walls defining a plurality of passages, each of the passage walls having a non-linear portion; and
a respective drain wall integrally formed with each of the passage walls to define a drain for each of the plurality of passages, the drain wall located proximate the non-linear portion of each of the plurality of passage walls, the drain of each of the plurality of passages aligned with each other and located at different elevations in an operating orientation of the heat exchanger, each passage fluidly coupled by the respective drain of each passage to have fluid flow sequentially throughout the passages before reaching a common drain.

US Pat. No. 10,168,113

HEAT PIPES WITH ELECTRICAL PUMPING OF CONDENSATE

Board of Regents, The Uni...

1. A heat pipe, comprising:a condenser region configured to condense vapor into liquid and split said liquid into droplets;
a plurality of liquid conduits for carrying said liquid droplets, wherein each liquid conduit of said plurality of liquid conduits comprises a first plurality of underlying electrodes;
a plurality of vapor conduits for carrying said vapor; and
an evaporator region connected to said condenser region via said plurality of liquid conduits and vapor conduits, wherein said evaporator region is configured to evaporate said liquid droplets, wherein said evaporator region comprises active electrodes to spread said liquid droplets within said evaporator region and said active electrodes extend to at least partially intersect at least one vapor conduit of said plurality of vapor conduits;
wherein said liquid droplets condensed by said condenser region are electrically pumped towards said evaporator region by sequentially actuating a series of said first plurality of underlying electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,168,112

HEAT EXCHANGING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TRANSFERRING HEAT

Cool Technology Solutions...

13. A system comprising:a jet-flow heat exchanging device for transferring heat from or to one or more heat transfer surfaces, wherein the jet-flow heat exchanging device comprises one or more orifice groups, each for directing a heat carrier medium onto the heat transfer surface, and wherein at least one of the orifice groups includes a main orifice for generating a main jet-stream and at least two control orifices associated with the main orifice, wherein the control orifices are configured
to have a smaller cross-section than the main orifice;
to be arranged symmetrically around a first axis going through the center of the main orifice, wherein the first axis is perpendicular to the flow direction through the main orifice and perpendicular to the heat surface transfer surface in a chamber;
to be offset from a second axis towards the heat transfer surface, the second axis going through the center of the main orifice and being perpendicular to the first axis and to the flow direction, and
to have a distance from the main orifice of between 1% and 80% of the largest cross-sectional dimension of the main orifice, respectively, in order to generate control jet-streams for interacting with the main jet-stream, so as to cause the heat carrier medium of the main jet-stream to swirl; and
an element providing the heat transfer surface or being thermally coupled to the heat transfer surface.

US Pat. No. 10,168,111

REPLACEMENT TUBE PLUG FOR HEAT EXCHANGER

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A tube plug for sealing a threaded plug-to-plugsheet junction with fluid sealant from a source external of said tube plug, said tube plug comprising:a. a body part having length between proximal and distal ends and a threaded outer surface,
b. a main internal passageway having an entranced opening having an internal thread in said proximal end in said body part and extending generally axially from the threaded opening in said proximal end distally a distance less than the length of said body part,
c. at least one branch passageway in said body part in fluid communication with said main passageway and extending outwardly to and through said outer threaded surface, thereby defining a continuous open and unobstructed passageway open at said proximal end entrance to said body part and open at said threaded outer surface of said body part, and
d. a cap having an outer thread cooperating with said internal thread of said entrance opening to close said entrance opening of said main passageway after said fluid sealant has been injected into and through said main passageway.

US Pat. No. 10,168,110

MANIFOLD FOR A LIQUID COOLING SYSTEM

International Business Ma...

1. A method comprising:punching an initial hole in a sheet metal flat pattern using a punch press, the initial hole being circular with a first diameter;
shaving the initial hole to remove a portion of an edge of the initial hole to increase the first diameter to a second diameter;
coining a radius on a bottom edge of the shaved hole to remove any burs and sharp edges;
forming a hole extrusion in the sheet metal flat pattern aligned with the shaved hole in a direction opposite of the punching of the initial hole, the hole extrusion comprises an inside diameter larger than the second diameter;
cutting a thread in an inner sidewall of the hole extrusion;
forming the sheet metal flat pattern into a watertight manifold;
threading a quick connect fitting into the hole extrusion, the quick connect fitting having an o-ring positioned in a groove in an underside of a head of the quick connect fitting; and
tightening the quick connect fitting to compress the o-ring against a surface of the sheet metal immediately surrounding the hole extrusion to form a watertight seal.

US Pat. No. 10,168,109

HEADER PLATE FOR A HEAT EXCHANGER, HEADER BOX AND HEAT EXCHANGER

Valeo Systemes Thermiques...

1. A header plate for a heat exchanger, comprising:a wall provided with orifices, and through which tubes arranged in rows in a longitudinal direction are intended to pass, wherein:
said wall has, in cross section, a profile made up of a central portion and of two lateral portions,
the two lateral portions overall follow a first curve with a first radius of curvature,
the central portion overall follows a second curve with a second radius of curvature, smaller than the first radius of curvature, and
at least one of the orifices comprises a collar that covers part of the wall of the tube passing through the wall via the at least one orifice, the collar projecting toward the outside of the header.

US Pat. No. 10,168,108

PIN FIN COMPLIANT HEAT SINK WITH ENHANCED FLEXIBILITY

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method for employing a heat sink, comprising:placing a pin fin compliant heat sink on a non-flat surface, wherein the pin fin compliant heat sink has top and bottom plates connected by a plurality of pins arranged vertically between the top and bottom plates, and wherein each of the plurality of pins comprises a plurality of pin slices, arranged vertically between the top and bottom plates, such that the plurality of pin slices form substantially vertical pins connecting the top and bottom plates;
vertically conforming the top and bottom plates to local deviations of the non-flat surface; and
laterally conforming the top and bottom plates to an overall shape of the surface, wherein at least either the top or bottom plate is corrugated.

US Pat. No. 10,168,107

HEAT STORE CONTAINER WITH INCLINED PLATES FOR IMPROVED TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION

SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAF...

1. A heat store for storing thermal energy, the heat store comprising:a container with a horizontally extending longitudinal axis, the container including: a base; a cover; a heat store material; and a first opening adjacent the cover in a first sidewall and a second opening adjacent the base in a second sidewall configured for at least one of inflow or outflow of a fluid parallel to the cover and the base along the longitudinal axis, the second opening being offset vertically with respect to the first opening;
first and second impermeable plates that (a) are inclined with respect to an inflow or outflow direction of the fluid, (b) are arranged on an inner side of the container, and (c) extend in parallel;
wherein the first impermeable plate is arranged on the cover and the second impermeable plate is arranged on the base;
wherein the first impermeable plate forms a non-zero acute angle with the cover and the second impermeable plate forms the non-zero acute angle with the base; and
wherein the first impermeable plate is configured to conduct a hot fluid, received via the first opening and striking a first face of the first impermeable plate, downward to the base, and the second impermeable plate is configured to conduct the hot fluid to the cover of the container; and
a fluid-permeable distributor plate defining a first region of the container segregating heat store material outside the first region, wherein an inflow of fluid into the first region strikes the first face of the first impermeable plate before passing through the fluid-permeable plate and coming into contact with any heat store material and does not come into contact with the first face of the first impermeable plate after leaving the first region.

US Pat. No. 10,168,106

HEAT EXCHANGER

KAWASAKI JUKOGYO KABUSHIK...

4. A heat exchanger comprising:a heat exchange container which has in an interior thereof a heat exchange chamber in which a gas to be cooled or an intermediate medium is filled, and performs heat exchange directly or indirectly between liquid hydrogen and the gas to be cooled, in an interior of the heat exchange chamber;
a tray which is provided in the interior of the heat exchange chamber and receives a liquefied gas and a deposited substance which are generated by the heat exchange in the interior of the heat exchange chamber; and
a liquid discharge mechanism which discharges the liquefied gas from the tray to an outside area of the heat exchange chamber,
wherein the tray is disposed in a bottom portion of the heat exchange chamber, and
wherein the liquid discharge mechanism includes a drain port which opens in the bottom portion of the heat exchange chamber so that the liquefied gas having overflowed out of the tray flows to the drain port, and a drain pipe connected to the drain port.

US Pat. No. 10,168,105

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR STORING HEAT

BASF SE, Ludwigshafen am...

1. A device for storing heat, comprising a salt melt as heat storage medium which absorbs heat in order to store heat and releases heat in order to use the stored heat, and a container for holding the salt melt, the container being closed by a gastight cover, wherein the device comprises volume compensation means in order to compensate for a volume increase of the salt melt due to a temperature rise and a volume decrease due to a temperature reduction, wherein the volume compensation means comprise a buffer container, into which part of the salt melt can flow when there is a volume increase of the salt melt, the buffer container having an inlet for a gas supply line which supplies a gas that is inert with respect to the heat storage medium, and wherein the buffer container has a volume which is smaller than the volume of the container for holding the salt melt, and said volume of the buffer container corresponding to the thermal expansion of the salt melt to be buffered.

US Pat. No. 10,168,103

STRUCTURE FOR THE END OF PRESSURE VESSELS, MOST APPLICABLY PLATE HEAT EXCHANGERS, FOR REDUCING THE EFFECTS OF MOVEMENT CHANGES AND VIBRATIONS CAUSED BY VARIATIONS IN INTERNAL PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE, A METHOD FOR IMPLEMENTING IT AND USE OF SAME

7. A method for reducing effects of movement changes and vibrations caused by variations in internal pressure and temperature of pressure vessels for a heat exchanger, the heat exchanger being provided with a damping device at one end, the heat exchanger comprising a heat exchanger stack including a plurality of sheet metal heat transfer plates, wherein the damping device is made up of one sheet metal heat transfer plate of the heat exchanger stack and an end part in such a way that the one sheet metal heat transfer plate is hermetically sealed to the end part to form a hermetically sealed chamber on said one end of the heat exchanger, and the hermetically sealed chamber is welded to a shell of an outer surface of the heat exchanger stack,wherein the method comprises the step of bringing into and/or generating a higher pressure than the external pressure level into the hermetically sealed chamber, the higher pressure receives and dampens, via a heat transfer plate, vibration and pressure shocks harmful to a heat exchanger structure in medium circuits of the heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 10,168,102

PLATE TYPE HEAT EXCHANGER AND REFRIGERATION CYCLE APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME PLATE TYPE HEAT EXCHANGER

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

7. A refrigeration cycle apparatus comprising:a plate type heat exchanger in which a plurality of heat transfer plates are stacked between two side plates with predetermined intervals in between;
a first fluid inlet port fluidly connected to a first fluid outlet port through which a first fluid circulates and a second fluid inlet port fluidly connected to a second fluid outlet port through which a second fluid different from the first fluid circulates respectively communicate with each other in an alternative manner through a space formed between the two side plates and the plurality of heat transfer plates and between each of the plurality of heat transfer plates;
a first flow path through which the first fluid circulates and a second flow path through which the second fluid circulates are formed alternatively with each other, and
a corrugated inner fin is arranged within at least the first flow path in an area that faces a heat transfer surface of a first heat transfer plate of the plurality heat transfer plates, wherein
the corrugated inner fin includes offset corrugations, each of the offset corrugations include a contact side having a first smooth surface contacted with the first heat transfer plate and a non-contact side having a second smooth surface that faces the first flow path on an opposite side of the contact side, and
a first through groove is formed along a flow direction of the first fluid on the contact side of the corrugated inner fin,
a second through groove is formed along a flow direction of the first fluid on the non-contact side of the corrugated inner fin, and
a bottom-side groove is formed along a flow direction of the first fluid on the first heat transfer plate directly across from the first through groove of the corrugated inner fin to define a recessed groove between the bottom-side groove of the first heat transfer plate and the first through groove of the corrugated inner fin.

US Pat. No. 10,168,101

CERAMIC HEAT EXCHANGE PLATE AND AIR PRE-HEATER ASSEMBLED THEREBY

CAS SUPER ENERGY TECHNOLO...

1. An air pre-heater, comprising a housing (20) and a heat exchange core (900),wherein the housing (20) comprises a lining (21), an access hole (22), a flue gas inlet, an air inlet, a flue gas outlet, and an air outlet,
wherein the heat exchange core (900) is integrally sintered and comprises a plurality of standard modules (200) assembled together along an X-axis, a Y-axis, or a Z-axis,
wherein each of the plurality of the standard modules (200) comprises: a first ceramic heat exchange plate and the second ceramic heat exchange plate,
wherein each of the first ceramic heat exchange plate and the second ceramic heat exchange plate comprises:
a central heat exchange plate (120) having a flat plate with a first face and a second face that are opposite to each other;
four sides consisting of a first side (111), a second side (112), a third side (113), a fourth side (114);
four corners consisting of a first corner (101), a second corner (102), a third corner (103), and a fourth corner (104);
a first plurality of fins (121), the first side (111), and the third side (113) disposed on the first face of the flat plate in a direction parallel to the X-axis; and
a second plurality of fins (122), the second side (112), and the fourth side (114) disposed on the second face of the flat plate in a direction parallel to the Y-axis,
wherein each of the four sides has a bolt hole located thereon, and each bolt hole is oriented along the Z-axis, and each of four corners has a bolt hole located thereon and oriented along the Y-axis,
wherein the four sides, the four corners, and the central heat exchange plate (120) are assembled to form the first or the second ceramic heat exchange plate,
wherein each of the first or the second ceramic heat exchange plate further comprises:
a pair of U-shaped grooves, one defined on the second side (112), the second corner (102), and the third corner (103), the other defined on the fourth side (114), the second corner (102), and the third corner (103);
a pair of inverted U-shaped grooves, one defined on the first side (111), the first corner (101), and the second corner (102), the other defined on the third side (113), the third corner (103), and the fourth corner (104);
a first pair of linear grooves (44), one defined on the second side (112), the second corner (102), and the third corner (103), the other defined on the fourth side (114), the second corner (102), and the third corner (103); and
a second pair of linear grooves (43), one defined on the first side (111), the first corner (101), and the second corner (102), and the other defined on the third side (113), the third corner (103), and the fourth corner (104),
wherein the first ceramic heat exchange plate is superimposed on the second ceramic heat exchange plate along the Z-axis while the second ceramic heat exchange plate is rotated by 90° in an XY plane formed by the X-axis and the Y-axis, thereby:
two side sealing strips (3) fill the second pair of grooves (43) of the second ceramic heat exchange plate and the first pair of grooves (44) of the first ceramic heat exchange plate, and
the middle portions of each of the two side sealing strips (3) is fastened by a side connecting bolt assembly (4),
wherein a first standard module (200) is superimposed on top of a second standard modules (200), thereby forming
a split heat exchange core (300) that further comprises
I-shaped sealing grooves (45) and II-shaped sealing grooves (46);
wherein a plurality of split heat exchange cores (300) are fastened together in the XY plane by corner connecting bolt assemblies (9), and I-shaped sealing strips (8) or II-shaped sealing strips (10) thereby forming a combined heat exchange core, and
a plurality of combined heat exchange cores are stacking along the Z-axis to form the heat exchange core (900).

US Pat. No. 10,168,100

FURNACE STAVE

Berry Metal Company, Har...

1. A furnace stave comprising a plurality of internal channels or conduits for circulating cooling fluid through the stave; wherein the stave comprises first and second opposite ends and each of the plurality of internal channels run between the first and second opposite ends;a plurality of cooling fluid inlet conduits defined by the first end of the stave;
a plurality of cooling fluid outlet conduits defined by the second end of the stave;
a plurality of inlet channels, wherein each inlet channel is defined by the first end of the stave and is associated with one of the plurality of internal channels;
a plurality of outlet channels, wherein each outlet channel is defined by the second end of the stave and is associated with one of the plurality of internal channels;
wherein each cooling fluid inlet conduit only feeds the inlet channels of two non-consecutive internal channels.

US Pat. No. 10,168,099

APPARATUS AND A METHOD FOR HEATING PLASTIC PREFORMS WITH A REMOVABLE MOVEMENT DEVICE

KRONES AG, (DE)

1. An apparatus for heating plastic preforms, comprising a first transport device that transports the plastic preforms in a separated manner, wherein said first transport device has a plurality of recesses for receiving the plastic preforms, comprising a second transport device that takes over the plastic preforms transported by the first transport device and transports said plastic preforms along a predetermined transport path, wherein the second transport device has a plurality of holding elements for holding the plastic preforms and at least one heating device that heats the plastic preforms transported by the second transport device, wherein at least the first transport device is a circulating transport device, wherein the apparatus comprises a drive device for moving the holding elements in a longitudinal direction of the plastic preforms, and the apparatus has at least one drive device for driving at least one transport device,wherein
the apparatus has at least one sensor device adapted to detect at least one measured value that is characteristic of at least one of the two drive devices, and a control device adapted for controlling the drive device for moving the holding elements as a function of this characteristic measured value.

US Pat. No. 10,168,098

METHOD FOR DRYING MOIST MATERIAL AND DRYING PLANT

HUBER SE, Berching (DE)

1. A method for drying moist material with a drying plant, the method comprising the steps of:supplying the moist material to a feeding unit of the drying plant through a supply pipe of the drying plant;
depositing the moist material on a drying surface of the drying plant using the feeding unit;
sensing a value of a parameter that depends on a water content of the moist material passing by a sensor proximate at least one of the supply pipe and the feeding unit;
regulating a quantity of the moist material being deposited on the drying surface per unit of time only when the value of the parameter sensed in the sensing step changes by at least a minimum amount, the minimum amount being one of a first difference between the value sensed in the sensing step and a reference value in a defined period of time or a second difference between the value sensed in the sensing step and a specific minimum value; and
drying the moist material on the drying surface.

US Pat. No. 10,168,097

PLANT FOR CONTINUOUSLY DRYING A COATED FILM

NORDMECCANICA S.P.A., Pi...

1. A plant for continuously drying a coated film, comprising:a structure with a first upper portion and a second lower portion, mutually overlapping, between which a cavity is comprised,
said cavity having a first open end through which said film enters and a second open end through which the dried film exits,
a plurality of rollers for supporting said film inside said cavity,
first blowers feeding a flow of heated air onto a coated surface of film,
second blowers feeding a flow of heated air onto an opposite surface of said film, and
a suction device extracting a flow of air from said cavity,
wherein said first upper portion comprises a first hollow box-shaped element defining a first chamber having a fluid connection with the first blowers,
wherein said second lower portion comprises a second hollow box-shaped element provided with a plurality of inside walls to define a second chamber having a fluid connection with the second blowers and a third hollow box-shaped element defining a third chamber having a fluid connection with the suction device, the third hollow box-shaped element surrounding the second box-shaped element, and
wherein the suction device comprises:
a plurality of perforated plates for communicating the third chamber and the cavity, a long dimension of said perforated plates being located parallel to the lateral edges of an upper surface of the second lower portion and extending over a length of the second lower portion so that said perforated plates can draw the flow of heated air blown from the first blowers that diverted laterally after striking the upper surface of the film, and
suction pipes located below the film and arranged between the second blowers to draw at least a part the flow of heated air blown from said second blowers onto the lower surface of the film, said suction pipes comprise hollow bars arranged parallel to the second blowers and extending over the full transverse width of the second lower portion, said hollow bars configured to have a fluid connection with the third chamber only in the lower part of the hollow bar, at the lateral ends of the lower part of the hollow bar, and at portions of the lateral ends of the lower part of the hollow bar that overlap the perforated plates,
the plant further comprising a feed and extraction system for feeding heated pressurised air in the first chamber and in the second chamber, and for creating a vacuum in the third chamber, so that the flows of air from the first blowers and the second blowers are drawn off from the cavity through the third chamber by the feed and extraction system after the first and second blowers have performed their drying action on the film.

US Pat. No. 10,168,096

REFRIGERATOR

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a cabinet having a storage chamber;
a first door that is configured to open and close the storage chamber, the first door comprising:
a frame through which a first hole is defined;
a door storage part disposed on the frame; and
a lighting device extends along a vertical direction on the frame and that is configured to illuminate the door storage part, the lighting device comprising:
LEDs that are accommodated in a groove formed on an inner surface of the frame that defines the first hole and that are arranged in a longitudinal direction along the inner surface of the frame; and
a cover member mounted on the groove and configured to cover the LEDs to transmit light that is emitted by the LEDs;
a second door through which a second hole is defined, the second hole facing the first hole, the second door configured open and close the first hole of the first door, the second door comprising:
a front panel that is formed of a transparent material and that is configured to cover the second hole of the second door and to form a front appearance of the second door; and
an insulation panel formed of a transparent material and provided behind the front panel; and
a colored layer disposed on a rear surface of the front panel and configured to partially transmit therethrough light that is emitted from the lighting device to an outside of the refrigerator; and
at least one processor configured to control the lighting device to enable a user to see stored food in the door storage part through the second hole of the second door due to transmission of light inside the storage chamber through the insulation panel and the front panel,
wherein in a state in which the lighting device is activated, the light emitted from the light device is sequentially transmitted through the cover member of the lighting device, insulation panel of the second door, and the front panel of the second door, and
wherein a part of the light emitted from the lighting device is transmitted to an outside of the second door.

US Pat. No. 10,168,095

SLIDE OUT DOOR BIN

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a cabinet;
a door attached to the cabinet, the door having a first upwardly extending wall and a second upwardly extending wall that define an interior volume of the door;
a sliding mechanism slidably coupled to the first upwardly extending wall and the second upwardly extending wall;
a frame removably attached to the sliding mechanism and having a bottom perimeter edge and an upstanding exterior portion offset within and above the bottom perimeter edge, and a horizontal lip connecting the bottom perimeter edge to the upstanding exterior portion;
a storage bin removably attached to the frame, the storage bin comprising:
a base with a perimeter and a ledge having a top and a bottom;
an upstanding wall extending upwardly from and flush with the bottom perimeter edge and having a height, with a substantially rectangular cross-section along the height;
a bottom surface cover that rests on the top of the ledge;
wherein the bottom of the ledge rests on the upstanding exterior portion when the storage bin is installed in the door.

US Pat. No. 10,168,094

REFRIGERATOR

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a cabinet in which a refrigerating compartment and a freezing compartment are defined;
a refrigerating compartment door to open or close the refrigerating compartment;
a freezing compartment door to open or close the freezing compartment;
a water supply passage connected to a water supply source outside the cabinet;
a water supply valve to open or close the water supply passage;
a plurality of filters vertically arranged in the refrigerating compartment;
a first cold water passage connected to an outlet of the plurality of filters;
a first purified water passage separately provided with respect to the first cold water passage, the first purified water passage being branched at the outlet of the plurality of filters;
a water tank having a cylindrical shape and disposed on the first cold water passage in the refrigerating compartment;
a flow adjustment valve connected to the first cold water passage and the first purified water passage;
a first common passage connected to the flow adjustment valve to pass through a hinge of the refrigerating compartment door;
a tube tank disposed on an inner surface of the refrigerating compartment door;
a distribution valve disposed in the refrigerating compartment door and connected to an outlet of the first common passage;
a second cold water passage connected to the distribution valve and a second valve via the tube tank; and
a second purified water passage separately provided with respect to the second cold water passage, the second purified water passage being connected to the distribution valve and a third valve,
wherein the purified water is more purified than supply water, and the cold water is colder than the purified water.

US Pat. No. 10,168,093

DOOR GUIDE ASSEMBLY AND REFRIGERATOR HAVING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A refrigerator, comprising:a main body having a storage chamber;
a first door rotatably connected to a front surface of the main body, configured to open or close the storage chamber, and having an opening in which at least one door guide assembly is arranged; and
a second door rotatably connected to a front surface of the first door, and configured to open or close the opening,
wherein the door guide assembly includes:
a guide removably fixed on side walls of the opening, and including a catching portion having catching projections arranged in an up-down direction,
a door guide including an accommodating groove to accommodate the guide at side walls of the accommodating groove, and guided by the guide to move in the up-down direction,
a stopper disposed in an inside of the accommodating groove, and caught by or released from the catching projections to adjust a position of the door guide, and
a fixing rib disposed in the guide, and configured to fix the stopper released from the catching projections, if the door guide moves up to a top of the guide.

US Pat. No. 10,168,092

REFRIGERATION DEVICE FOR CONTAINER

Daikin Industries, Ltd., ...

1. A container refrigeration apparatus provided in a container, having a refrigerant circuit where a refrigerant circulates to perform a refrigeration cycle, and allowing heat exchange in an evaporator connected to the refrigerant circuit between air in the container and the refrigerant to cool the air, the container refrigeration apparatus comprising:a gas supply device including at least one adsorption column provided with an adsorbent for absorbing nitrogen in air, a first pumping mechanism supplying pressurized outside air to the at least one adsorption column, and a second pumping mechanism sucking air from the at least one adsorption column to produce nitrogen-enriched air having a higher nitrogen concentration than outside air and supplying the nitrogen-enriched air to the interior of the container via a supply passage;
an oxygen concentration sensor which measures an oxygen concentration of the air in the container;
a controller which controls the operation of the gas supply device so that the oxygen concentration measured by the oxygen concentration sensor reaches a target concentration;
a measurement passage which guides part of the nitrogen-enriched air passing through the supply passage to the oxygen concentration sensor so that the oxygen concentration sensor measures the oxygen concentration of the nitrogen-enriched air;
an on-off valve provided for the measurement passage,
the container houses a fan producing an air flow that passes the evaporator and circulates in the container, and an air passage having a one end opened on a blowout side of the fan and the other end opened on a suction side of the fan so that the air in the container flows from the one end to the other end of the air passage as the fan rotates,
the oxygen concentration sensor is provided for the air passage to measure the oxygen concentration of the air passing through the air passage,
the measurement passage is comprised of a branch pipe which connects the supply passage and the air passage, the branch pipe diverging, and guiding to the air passage, part of the nitrogen-enriched air passing through the supply passage, and
the controller is configured to perform, while the gas supply device is in operation and a rotation of the fan is stopped, a supply air measurement operation in which the on-off valve is opened and the oxygen concentration sensor is allowed to measure the oxygen concentration of the nitrogen-enriched air.

US Pat. No. 10,168,091

AIR CONDITIONING COMPANION STABILIZER SYSTEM

1. An air conditioning companion stabilizer system, comprising:a condenser heat transfer medium movably disposed in a closed, discrete stabilizing loop that includes a condenser glycol refrigerant interface, a pump, and a rechargeable heat absorbing component connected through at least one conduit;
wherein the condenser glycol refrigerant interface is operative to enable a transfer of heat between the condenser heat transfer medium and refrigerant exiting a condenser of an air conditioning system;
wherein the rechargeable heat absorbing component is operative to absorb heat from the condenser heat transfer medium;
wherein said pump is operative to cycle the condenser heat transfer medium sequentially between the condenser glycol refrigerant interface and the rechargeable heat absorbing component, thereby enabling heat from the refrigerant to be absorbed in the rechargeable heat absorbing component; and
wherein said stabilizing loop additionally includes a first mixer valve configured to mix condenser heat transfer medium exiting the rechargeable heat absorbing component with condenser heat transfer medium exiting the condenser glycol refrigerant interface.

US Pat. No. 10,168,090

TEMPERATURE CONTROLLED BOX SYSTEM

EFP LLC, Elkhart, IN (US...

1. A container system comprising:a) a first outer container having an exterior and an interior;
b) a refrigerant disposed in said first outer container interior;
c) a payload container comprising an interior and an exterior, said payload container disposed interior to said refrigerant within said first outer container interior;
d) a payload disposed in said payload container interior;
e) a first insulating material disposed between said refrigerant and said payload container, wherein said first insulating material is cardboard;
f) a second insulating material disposed between said first insulating material and said payload container, wherein said second insulating material is a container comprising liquid water; and
g) a third insulating material disposed between said second insulating material and said payload container, wherein said third insulating material is cardboard.

US Pat. No. 10,168,089

REFRIGERATOR

Dongbu Daewoo Electronics...

1. A refrigerator, comprising:a refrigerator main body configured to define an outer shell of the refrigerator;
a door configured to open and close an internal space of the refrigerator main body;
an ice-making unit provided in the door;
a cold air generation unit configured to circulate a refrigerant so that a cold air is supplied to the internal space;
an ice-making pipe installed within the ice-making unit so that he ice-making unit makes heat exchange with the refrigerant;
a refrigerant pipe installed in the refrigerator main body so as to receive the refrigerant from the cold air generation unit; and
a soft pipe disposed around a folding portion of the refrigerator main body and the door and configured to interconnect the ice-making pipe and the refrigerant pipe in a stretchable manner,
wherein the soft pipe is configured to interconnect the ice-making pipe and the refrigerant pipe in a stretchable manner.

US Pat. No. 10,168,088

AIR CONDITIONING DEVICE HAVING BYPASS AND BEING OPERABLE IN A POSITIVE CYCLE DEFROSTING MODE

Daikin Industries, Ltd., ...

1. An air conditioning device, comprising:a main refrigerant circuit having a compressor, an indoor heat exchanger, a main valve, and an outdoor heat exchanger, the main refrigerant circuit being configured to operate in a heating mode, the main refrigerant circuit being configured to circulate a refrigerant through the compressor, the indoor heat exchanger, the main valve, and the outdoor heat exchanger in order; and
a discharge-intake bypass circuit having a superheat valve, the discharge-intake bypass circuit being connected to the main refrigerant circuit, the discharge-intake bypass circuit being configured such that, when the main refrigerant circuit is operating in the heating mode, it is possible for the refrigerant to bypass from a discharge side of the compressor to an intake side of the compressor;
the main refrigerant circuit being further configured to operate in a positive cycle defrosting mode in which the outdoor heat exchanger is defrosted while circulating refrigerant through the compressor, the indoor heat exchanger, the main valve, and the outdoor heat exchanger in order, and
when the main refrigerant circuit is operating in the positive cycle defrosting mode,
the superheat valve being configured to be opened so that the refrigerant is caused to bypass from the discharge side of the compressor to the intake side of the compressor through the discharge-intake bypass circuit and
a defrosting-mode main valve high-pressure control being performed, the main valve being configured to adjust a valve opening of the main valve so that a high pressure level of a refrigerating cycle in the main refrigerant circuit reaches a target high pressure when the defrosting-mode main valve high-pressure control is performed.

US Pat. No. 10,168,087

REFRIGERANT CHARGE MANAGEMENT IN AN INTEGRATED HEAT PUMP

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

7. A heat pump comprising:a compressor operable to compress a refrigerant;
a water heat exchanger operable to receive the refrigerant from the compressor for heating a supply of water;
an indoor line including an indoor expansion valve to receive the refrigerant in liquid form from the water heat exchanger and an indoor heat exchanger to receive the refrigerant in liquid form from the indoor expansion valve and output the refrigerant in gas form to the compressor;
an outdoor line including an outdoor expansion valve to receive the refrigerant in liquid form from the water heat exchanger and an outdoor heat exchanger to receive the refrigerant in liquid form from the outdoor expansion valve and output the refrigerant in gas form to the compressor;
a reversing valve and a charge adjustment valve in fluid communication with the indoor line and the outdoor line;
wherein the reversing valve is operable to selectively couple the indoor line or the outdoor line to the compressor as an active line, the other of the indoor line or the outdoor line being an idle line; and
wherein the charge adjustment valve is operable to selectively couple the idle line to the active line to manage the refrigerant in the active line, the charge adjustment valve being coupled along an auxiliary line between an output of the outdoor heat exchanger and an input of the compressor when the outdoor line is the idle line, the charge adjustment valve being coupled along the auxiliary line between an output of the indoor heat exchanger and the input of the compressor when the indoor line is the idle line, such that the refrigerant in gas form from the idle line is provided through the auxiliary line to the input of the compressor in response to a level of refrigerant moving through the active line being below a threshold level.

US Pat. No. 10,168,086

TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM WITH PROGRAMMABLE ORIT VALVE

1. A temperature control system employing a two-phase refrigerant and a compressor/condenser loop having an input and output for circulating the two-phase refrigerant at a controllable temperature to and from a load evaporator having input and output terminals and a known thermal capacity, the temperature control system including a subsidiary flow circuit for enhancing the performance of the system, comprising:a subsidiary heat exchanger coupled between the flow from the output of the compressor/condenser loop to the load evaporator input, said subsidiary heat exchanger having a first flow path including an input receiving flow from the compressor/condenser loop and an output therefrom coupled to the evaporator input, the subsidiary heat exchanger also including a second flow path in parallel thermal exchange relation along the length of the first flow path, and an output from the subsidiary heat exchanger coupled to the compressor input,
the system further includes an open-on-rise-of-inlet-temperature valve disposed in the first flow path between the subsidiary heat exchanger and the input to the load evaporator, a fluid sensing device at the exit from the open-on-rise-of-inlet-temperature valve for sensing flow through the open-on-rise-of-inlet-temperature valve, a capacitor for collecting condensed fluid upstream of the open-on-rise-of-inlet-temperature valve,
the system further includes a pressure valve between the load and the compressor, where the pressure valve is in parallel with a solenoid, and the pressure valve opens at a pressure greater than a pressure drop across the solenoid at a maximum flow through the solenoid;
wherein the two-phase refrigerant condenses within the load until the open-on-rise-of-inlet-temperature valve simultaneously allows the two-phase refrigerant flow through the open-on-rise-of-inlet-temperature valve and regulates a temperature of the two-phase refrigerant in the two-phase refrigerant's two phase state ahead of the open-on-rise-of-inlet-temperature valve, and wherein a flow through the open-on-rise-of-inlet-temperature valve occurs only after a pressure and temperature upstream of the open-on-rise-of-inlet-temperature valve reaches a final temperature and pressure; and
wherein the system is configured to operate in a ramp-up mode where the load evaporator is ramped up in temperature, a regulation during processing mode where the system operates as a transfer direct of saturated fluids system with control of temperature being provided by the open-on-rise-of-inlet-temperature valve, and a ramp-down mode where the open-on-rise-of-inlet-temperature valve is adjusted to provide a lower temperature of the two-phase refrigerant,
wherein the fluid sensing device prevents a valve from opening when the system is operating in the regulation during processing mode, wherein the valve, when opened, allows a flow from the open-on-rise-of-inlet-temperature valve to the compressor,
wherein the system is further configured to operate in a stand-by mode,
wherein, during operation in the ramp-up mode, the open-on-rise-of-inlet-temperature valve is configured to open linearly between a first pressure of the two-phase refrigerant at a first temperature and a second pressure of the two-phase refrigerant at a second temperature so as to allow liquid refrigerant to enter the capacitor based on the linear opening of the open-on-rise-of-inlet-temperature valve.

US Pat. No. 10,168,085

CONDENSER HAVING A REFRIGERANT RESERVOIR ASSEMBLY CONTAINING A DESICCANT BAG

MAHLE International GmbH,...

1. A condenser having a receiver for use in an air conditioning system, comprising:a plurality of refrigerant tubes;
a header in hydraulic communication with said plurality of refrigerant tubes, wherein said header includes a header partition separating said header into a first header chamber and a second header chamber; and
a receiver housing hydraulically connected to said header, wherein said receiver housing includes a refrigerant conduit extending vertically along the receiver housing having a receiver partition separating said receiver housing into a first receiver chamber and a second receiver chamber, a first port for directing refrigerant from said first header chamber to said first receiver chamber, a second port for directing refrigerant from said second receiver chamber to said second header chamber, and a desiccant bag contained within said first chamber of said receiver, wherein the refrigerant conduit is disposed closer to the second port than to a wall of the receiver housing opposite the second port,
wherein said desiccant bag includes a spine extending along an axis in the direction of said refrigerant conduit, thereby dividing said desiccant bag into two desiccant compartments, wherein the second port is located on a first radial side of the spine and the refrigerant conduit is disposed on a second radial side of the spine opposite the first radial side, wherein the desiccant bag surrounds the refrigerant conduit, with the spine surrounding a first partial circumference of the refrigerant conduit proximate the second port and each of the two desiccant compartments surrounding a respective further partial circumference of the refrigerant conduit adjacent to the first partial circumference and remote from the second port, the refrigerant conduit extending along the spine and beyond the spine, above and below the spine;
wherein said spine is configured to cooperate with said two desiccant compartments to maintain said refrigerant conduit in a predetermined position within said receiver housing.

US Pat. No. 10,168,084

REFRIGERANT EVAPORATOR

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A refrigerant evaporator for performing heat exchange between fluid to be cooled flowing through an outside and refrigerant, comprising:a first evaporating portion and a second evaporating portion arranged in series to a flow direction of the fluid to be cooled, wherein
the first evaporating portion and the second evaporating portion each respectively including:
a core part for heat exchange formed by stacking a plurality of tubes in which a refrigerant flows; and
a pair of tank parts which are connected with both ends of the plurality of tubes, and perform collecting and distribution of the refrigerant flowing through the plurality of tubes, and wherein
the core part in the first evaporating portion has a first core part configured by a group of some tubes among the plurality of tubes of the first evaporating portion core part, and a second core part configured by a group of remaining tubes of the first evaporating portion core part, and wherein
the core part in the second evaporating portion has a third core part configured by a group of tubes of the second evaporating portion core part opposing at least a part of the first core part in flow direction of the fluid to be cooled, and a fourth core part configured by a group of remaining tubes of the second evaporating portion core part opposing at least a part of the second core part in a flow direction of the fluid to be cooled, and wherein
one tank part among the pair of tank parts in the first evaporating portion is configured to include a first collecting part which collects the refrigerant from the first core part, and a second collecting part which collects the refrigerant from the second core part, and wherein
one tank part among the pair of tank parts in the second evaporating portion is configured to include a first distribution part which distributes the refrigerant to the third core part, and a second distribution part which distributes the refrigerant to the fourth core part, and wherein
the first evaporating portion and the second evaporating portion are connected through a refrigerant inter change part having a first communicating portion which leads the refrigerant in the first collecting part to the second distribution part and a second communicating portion which leads the refrigerant in the second collecting part to the first distribution part, and wherein
the first distribution part is connected with the second communicating portion and is disposed with a refrigerant inlet which makes the refrigerant from the second collecting part flow into the first distribution part, and wherein
the second collecting part is connected with the second communicating portion and is disposed with a refrigerant outlet which makes the refrigerant in the second collecting part flow out to the first distribution part, and wherein
the refrigerant outlet and the refrigerant inlet are formed in different numbers, and wherein
the refrigerant inlet is disposed as a plurality of inlets, and wherein
all of the refrigerant inlets are arranged on one side to a center line in a stacking direction of the tubes in the first distribution part, and further comprising:
a flow amount adjustor disposed on the other side to the center line in the first distribution part, which adjusts a refrigerant amount flowing through the inside of the first distribution part.

US Pat. No. 10,168,082

TANDEM COMPRESSOR SLIDE RAIL

LENNOX INDUSTRIES INC., ...

1. An HVAC system comprising:a slide rail mounted to the HVAC system with a first plurality of attachments, the slide rail comprising two raised portions on lateral edges of the slide rail;
a plurality of compressors fluidly coupled to at least one other component within the HVAC system; and
a slide plate, the slide plate comprising a second plurality of attachments to the plurality of compressors and comprising a slidable attachment to the slide rail, the slide plate comprising two flanges on lateral edges of the slide plate, the two flanges configured to fit outside of the two raised portions, the slide plate further comprising a locking attachment operable to lock the slide plate in position with respect to the slide rail.

US Pat. No. 10,168,081

ADSORPTION HEAT PUMP SYSTEM AND COOLING GENERATION METHOD

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA C...

8. A cooling generation method, using: (i) an evaporator that evaporates an adsorbate; (ii) a plurality of first adsorption devices that adsorb the adsorbate of the evaporator, the plurality of first adsorption devices having a parallel connection that connects the plurality of first adsorption devices in parallel; (ii) a condenser connected to the plurality of first adsorption devices via the parallel connection; and (iii) a second adsorption device that adsorbs the adsorbate adsorbed by the first adsorption device, the cooling generation method comprising:adsorbing the adsorbate of the evaporator by the first adsorption device and cooling the evaporator, and
adsorbing the evaporated adsorbate of the first adsorption device by the second adsorption device through the condenser and cooling the first adsorption device, wherein:
the first adsorption device and the second adsorption device each contain a different type of adsorbent, and
the adsorbent of the second adsorption device desorbs the adsorbate with heat at a higher regeneration temperature than the adsorbent of the first adsorption device, and
when an adsorption capacity of the second adsorption device is greater than an overall adsorption capacity of the plurality of first adsorption devices, the plurality of first adsorption devices are configured to adsorb the desorbed adsorbate alternatively or in sequence.

US Pat. No. 10,168,080

EUTECTIC MIXTURES OF IONIC LIQUIDS IN ABSORPTION CHILLERS

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. An absorption chiller comprising a mixture of a refrigerant and an absorbent, and the absorbent is a eutectic mixture of two ionic liquids selected from the group consisting of:1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate and 1-ethylpyridinium acetate,
1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate and 1-butylpyridinium acetate,
1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium dimethylphosphate and 1-butylpyridinium dimethylphosphate,
1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium dimethylphosphate,
1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium dimethylphosphate and 1-ethylpyridinium dimethylphosphate,
1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide and 1-ethylpyridinium bromide,
1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide and 1-butylpyridinium bromide,
1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide and 1-ethylpyridinium bromide,
tetramethylammonium chloride and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride,
tetraethylammonium chloride and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride,
1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride, and
hexamethylguanidinium acetate and hexamethylguanidinium dicyanamide;
wherein the concentration ratio of the two ionic liquids in the eutectic mixture is the concentration ratio at the eutectic point of the eutectic mixture.

US Pat. No. 10,168,079

REFRIGERATION CYCLE DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A refrigeration cycle device comprising:a compressor compressing and discharging a refrigerant;
an exterior heat exchanger that exchanges heat between outside air and the refrigerant discharged from the compressor;
a heat dissipation heat exchanger configured to exchange heat between a first temperature-adjustment subject and the refrigerant discharged from the compressor;
an auxiliary heat exchanger that exchanges heat between the refrigerant and a second temperature-adjustment subject;
an intermediate decompressor;
a refrigerant flow-path switch that switches between refrigerant flow paths in each path which the refrigerant circulates in a cycle, wherein the refrigerant flow-path switch is capable of switching at least between a first refrigerant flow path and a second refrigerant flow path, the refrigerant flow-path switch includes a valve that is located downstream of the heat dissipation heat exchanger and upstream of the exterior heat exchanger, and the valve is configured to switch between a refrigerant passage through which the refrigerant flows into the auxiliary heat exchanger and a refrigerant passage that bypasses the auxiliary heat exchanger; and
a branch portion that is located downstream of the exterior heat exchanger and upstream of the compressor, wherein
in a heating mode for heating the first temperature-adjustment subject, the heat dissipation heat exchanger dissipates heat from the refrigerant, and allows the refrigerant to flow out toward the inlet side of the exterior heat exchanger,
in the first refrigerant flow path,
(i) the refrigerant discharged from the compressor flows into the heat dissipation heat exchanger,
(ii) the auxiliary heat exchanger is located downstream of the heat dissipation heat exchanger and upstream of the exterior heat exchanger in a refrigerant flow,
in the second refrigerant flow path,
(i) the refrigerant discharged from the compressor flows directly into the heat dissipation heat exchanger,
(ii) the exterior heat exchanger is located downstream of the heat dissipation heat exchanger and upstream of the auxiliary heat exchanger in the refrigerant flow,
the intermediate decompressor decompresses the refrigerant flowing into the auxiliary heat exchanger when the first refrigerant flow path is switched by the refrigerant flow-path switch,
a flow direction of the refrigerant in the auxiliary heat exchanger, when the first refrigerant flow path is switched by the refrigerant flow-path switch in the heating mode, is the same as that of the refrigerant in the auxiliary heat exchanger when the second refrigerant flow path is switched by the refrigerant flow-path switch in a cooling mode for cooling the first temperature-adjustment subject,
a refrigerant passage located downstream of the exterior heat exchanger is branched at the branch portion into
a branch passage through which the refrigerant flows into the auxiliary heat exchanger and
a refrigerant passage that bypasses the auxiliary heat exchanger, and the refrigerant flow-path switch includes an opening-closing valve that is located in the branch passage.

US Pat. No. 10,168,078

REFRIGERATION SYSTEM

MAYEKAWA MFG. CO., LTD., ...

1. A refrigeration system including a refrigeration cycle, comprising:a circulation path in which a refrigerant flows; and
at least one compressor for compressing the refrigerant, a heat exchanger for cooling the refrigerant compressed by the at least one compressor, a cold heat recovering exchanger, at least one expansion turbine for expanding the refrigerant cooled by the heat exchanger to generate cold heat, and a cooling part for cooling an object to be cooled by the cold heat provided on the circulation path in order,
wherein at least either the at least one compressor or the at least one expansion turbine comprises a plurality of compressors or expansion turbines which are arranged in parallel with one another with respect to the circulation path,
wherein the cold heat recovering exchanger, the at least one expansion turbine, and the cooling part are housed together in at least one cold box insulated from the outside,
wherein the at least one compressor and the heat exchanger for cooling the refrigerant compressed by the at least one compressor are housed together in at least one compressor unit other than the at least one cold box, and
wherein the at least one compressor unit is placed at a position farther from the object to be cooled than the at least one cold box.

US Pat. No. 10,168,076

SUPPORTING STRUCTURE FOR SOLAR PANELS

1. A support structure for solar panels, comprising at least two concentric tracks or rails having a circular geometry which are fixed to a supporting surface through foundation piles and a plurality of pylons, which are connected to related frames containing a plurality of solar panels and which are connected together by means of perpendicular trusses which form a braced frame with said pylons, said pylons being bound to said tracks or rails and moving on said tracks or rails through drive wheels which rest on said tracks or rails and which are linked to said pylons through support means, so that said pylons and said trusses rotates around a central bearing or node, an electronic control unit, controlling said support structure, said solar panels being thus free to spatially rotate according to an azimuthal direction (RA) around said central bearing or node through said drive wheels and being free to spatially rotate according to a zenithal direction (RZ) around a hinge axis or pin, which is placed centrally and longitudinally on each frame containing said solar panels, wherein said solar panels which are installed on a frame of a respective pylon are rotated in the opposite direction with respect to the solar panels which are installed on the frames of the adjacent pylons of the support structure.

US Pat. No. 10,168,075

CRITICAL DIMENSION SHRINK THROUGH SELECTIVE METAL GROWTH ON METAL HARDMASK SIDEWALLS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A self-aligned via structure, comprising:an inter-level dielectric (ILD) layer arranged on a metal wiring layer;
a trench arranged within the ILD layer;
a via arranged substantially perpendicular to the trench and extending through an area of the trench, the via further extending into a portion of the metal wiring layer; and
a metal capping layer lining sidewalls of the via at the area where the via extends through the trench.

US Pat. No. 10,168,074

TURN DOWN RATIO (TDR) DAMPER

DAESUNG CELTIC ENERSYS CO...

1. A turn down ratio (TDR) damper which controls an amount of gas and air flowing in the TDR damper and delivers the controlled gas and air to a turbo fan, the TDR damper comprising:air passages comprising a first air passage and a second air passage, the first air passage and the second air passage separately formed so that the air moves through each path;
gas passages comprising a first gas passage and a second gas passage, the first gas passage and the second gas passage separately formed so that the gas moves through each path; and
opening and closing means for opening and closing the second air passage and the second gas passage at the same time,
wherein the air passages and the gas passages are separately formed and reached outlets connected to the turbo fan so that the air and gas are allowed to be delivered to the turbo fan through a separate path,
wherein when air flows in from the rear of the TDR damper and gas flows in from the lower part of the TDR damper so as to discharge the air and gas through the outlets disposed on the front of the TDR damper, the first air passage and the second air passage comprise straight-lined pipes and the first gas passage and the second gas passage comprise curved pipes, the first air passages and the gas passages connected to the outlets in the same direction,
wherein the second gas passage comprises a via hole formed on one side of the curved part and the opening and closing means comprises: a gas opening and closing part, which opens and closes the second gas passage; and an air opening and closing part, which opens and closes the second air passage,
wherein the opening and closing means closes the second gas passage and the second air passage by the opening and closing moving in a direction of the outlets so that the gas opening and closing part is inserted into the via hole so as to close the second gas passage and simultaneously, the air opening and closing part close the entry of the second air passage, and when the opening and closing means are to open the second gas passage and the second air passage, the opening and closing means move in an opposite direction of the outlets so that the gas opening and closing part opens the second gas passage and simultaneously, air opening and closing part opens the entry of the second air passage.

US Pat. No. 10,168,073

WATER HEATER DEMAND SIDE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Carina Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method for controlling a plurality of water heaters to vary a loading profile of a load on a power grid to affect a load dependent property of power on said power grid comprising:a water heater control server receiving remaining volume capacity information and reserve volume capacity information from a plurality of water heaters connected to said power grid at separate customer locations;
generating historical usage pattern information for each water heater of said plurality of water heaters based on said remaining volume capacity information and said reserve volume capacity information, said reserve volume capacity information relating to a capability to deliver a reserve volume of hot water on immediate demand;
generating predicted usage pattern information based on said historical usage pattern information;
receiving present load demand information relating to a present load demand and desired load demand information by said water heater control server based on a power grid monitoring system monitoring said power grid, and a relationship between a load on said power grid and said load dependent property of said power;
said water heater control server communicating a control strategy to each said water heater of said plurality of water heaters, said control strategy comprising a temperature limit over time for each said water heater of said plurality of water heaters, said temperature limit over time based on said remaining volume capacity information, said reserve capacity information, said present load demand information, said predicted load demand information and said predicted usage pattern information; said control strategy allowing recovery when said remaining volume capacity is less than said reserve volume capacity.

US Pat. No. 10,168,072

PORTABLE AND CONTAINERIZED MULTI-STAGE WASTE-TO-ENERGY RECOVERY APPARATUS FOR USE IN A VARIETY OF SETTINGS

1. A containerized waste-to-energy conversion apparatus, the apparatus comprising:a plurality of combustion compartments configured to heat water via a hot effluent gas generated by multi-stage combustion of a solid waste, the plurality of combustion compartments including a primary gasification chamber and a secondary oxidation chamber, the secondary oxidation chamber having a main exhaust stack;
a breech/control chamber remove-ably interposed between the primary gasification chamber and the secondary oxidation chamber, the breech/control chamber having an elongated air duct configured to control gas flow from the primary gasification chamber to the secondary oxidation chamber;
a water storage tank configured to store hot water; and
a heat recovery module having a heat exchanger through which water flows to be heated by hot gas from the secondary oxidation chamber such that when a capacity of the water storage tank is reached, hot gas is redirected from a heat recovery stack of the heat recovery module to the main exhaust stack.

US Pat. No. 10,168,071

LIGHTWEIGHT EQUIPMENT PAD

1. A lightweight equipment pad comprising:a closed-cell polyurethane foam core;
an ultra violet (UV) stable polyurea coating;
the closed-cell polyurethane foam core comprising a top surface, a plurality of lateral surfaces, a bottom surface and a fillet top edge;
the UV stable polyurea coating comprising a top coating and a lateral coating;
the top coating being superimposed onto the top surface;
the lateral coating being superimposed onto the plurality of lateral surfaces;
the UV stable polyurea coating being not superimposed onto the bottom surface;
the top surface being concentrically positioned to the bottom surface;
the top surface and the bottom surface being oppositely positioned of each other along the plurality of lateral surfaces;
the bottom surface and each of the plurality of lateral surfaces being oriented at an acute angle so as to form the closed-cell polyurethane foam core into a trapezoidal shape;
the acute angle being about 88 degrees;
the fillet top edge being perimetrically positioned in between the top surface and the plurality of lateral surfaces;
the closed-cell polyurethane foam core being dyed with a color similar to a color of the UV stable polyurea coating so as to render the bottom surface being visually blended with the top coating and the lateral coating;
the top coating being a non-skid textured surface;
the non-skid textured surface comprising a pattern;
the pattern being consisting of a plurality of rectangles; and
the plurality of rectangles being in a concentric arrangement.

US Pat. No. 10,168,070

HVAC BOOT AND GRILLE ASSEMBLY

Havaco Technologies Incor...

1. A boot and grille assembly for an HVAC system which can be installed through wallboard, or the like, said assembly comprising:a) a boot having a radially extending flange and at least one vane adjustably secured inside said boot;
b) a quick-connect fastener extending through said flange, said quick-connect fastener readily engaging a back side of the wallboard and securing said boot to the wallboard;
c) a decorative grille adapted for securing to said boot; and
d) a securement knob threaded into the boot for attaching said decorative grille to said boot, said securement knob having a hollow core;whereby an operating rod can be inserted through said hollow core to adjust said at least one vane.

US Pat. No. 10,168,069

AIR-CONDITIONING APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An air-conditioning apparatus comprising:a compressor configured to compress a refrigerant;
a flow switching device configured to switch a flow passage of the refrigerant discharged from the compressor between a flow passage used for a cooling operation and a flow passage used for a heating operation;
a heat source side heat exchanger serving as a condenser in the cooling operation and as an evaporator in the heating operation;
an expansion device configured to expand and decompress the refrigerant;
a use side heat exchanger serving as an evaporator in the cooling operation and as a condenser in the heating operation; and
an internal heat exchanger configured to exchange heat between the refrigerant flowing through a plurality of heat transfer pipes,
wherein the compressor, the heat source side heat exchanger, the expansion device, and the use side heat exchanger are sequentially connected to one another through a plurality of refrigerant pipes, and constitute a refrigeration cycle,
wherein the flow switching device is connected to a discharge port of the compressor, a suction port of the compressor, the heat source side heat exchanger, and the use side heat exchanger, and
the flow switching device is configured to
connect the discharge port with the heat source side heat exchanger and connect the suction port with the use side heat exchanger in the cooling operation, and
connect the discharge port with the use side heat exchanger and connect the suction port with the heat source side heat exchanger in the heating operation,
wherein the refrigeration cycle includes
a first flow passage guiding the refrigerant flowing between the one of the heat source side heat exchanger and the use side heat exchanger serving as the evaporator and the compressor,
a second flow passage guiding the refrigerant flowing between the heat source side heat exchanger and the expansion device, and
a third flow passage guiding the refrigerant flowing between the expansion device and the use side heat exchanger, wherein the first flow passage, the second flow passage, and the third flow passage are serially connected, and
wherein the internal heat exchanger includes
a first heat transfer pipe in which the first flow passage is formed,
a second heat transfer pipe in which the second flow passage is formed, and
a third heat transfer pipe in which the third flow passage is formed.

US Pat. No. 10,168,068

AIR-CONDITIONING APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An air-conditioning apparatus, comprising:a refrigeration cycle for circulating refrigerant therethrough, in which a compressor, a first heat exchanger, a first passage of a subcooling heat exchanger for exchanging heat between high-temperature refrigerant and low-temperature refrigerant to subcool the high-temperature refrigerant, a first expansion device, a second heat exchanger, and an accumulator are connected to each other by refrigerant pipes, the air-conditioning apparatus being capable of a cooling operation to be performed by causing the first heat exchanger to function as a condenser and the second heat exchanger to function as an evaporator and a heating operation to be performed by causing the first heat exchanger to function as an evaporator and the second heat exchanger to function as a condenser,
the compressor including an injection port for introducing the refrigerant from outside into a compression chamber of the compressor,
the accumulator being arranged on a suction side of the compressor;
a first bypass pipe branched from one of the refrigerant pipes between the first heat exchanger and the second heat exchanger and connected to an inlet-side passage of the accumulator through a second expansion device, a second passage of the subcooling heat exchanger for exchanging heat between the refrigerant flowing through the second passage of the subcooling heat exchanger and the refrigerant flowing through the first passage of the subcooling heat exchanger, and a first opening and closing device;
a second bypass pipe branched from the first bypass pipe between the subcooling heat exchanger and the first opening and closing device and connected to the injection port of the compressor through a second opening and closing device;
a third bypass pipe connecting the one of the refrigerant pipes between the first heat exchanger and the second heat exchanger and an other of the refrigerant pipes between an inlet side of the compressor and an outlet side of the accumulator, or connecting the one of the refrigerant pipes between the first heat exchanger and the second heat exchanger and the injection port of the compressor;
a third expansion device arranged on the third bypass pipe;
a liquid separator that extracts a part of a liquid refrigerant from the refrigerant flowing between the subcooling heat exchanger and the second heat exchanger, the second expansion device and the third expansion device being connected to a pipe connected to a liquid refrigerant extraction port of the liquid separator, and
a controller for controlling the second expansion device and the third expansion device,
the controller being configured to:
control the third expansion device during the cooling operation, to thereby control a temperature of the refrigerant to be discharged from the compressor; and
control the second expansion device during the heating operation, to thereby control a degree of discharge superheat to be computed based on the temperature of the refrigerant to be discharged from the compressor and a pressure of the refrigerant to be discharged from the compressor.

US Pat. No. 10,168,067

DETECTING AND HANDLING A BLOCKED CONDITION IN THE COIL

Lennox Industries Inc., ...

1. A controller for a heating, ventilating, and cooling (HVAC) system, comprising:an interface configured to receive feedback data from a fan of the HVAC system;
a memory operable to store a fan model and a plurality of thresholds; and
a processor communicatively coupled to the memory and the interface, the processor operable to:
determine a virtual sensor measurement based at least in part upon the feedback data from the fan and the fan model, the virtual sensor measurement indicating the static pressure across a coil of the HVAC system;
determine that the virtual sensor measurement is greater than at least one of a group consisting of a frost threshold and a fouling threshold;
in response to determining that the virtual sensor measurement is greater than at least one of a group consisting of the frost threshold and the fouling threshold, determine a blocked condition on the coil;
determine that the virtual sensor measurement is greater than the frost threshold;
determine that an outdoor temperature is less than a freezing threshold;
determine that the HVAC system is running a heating mode;
in response to determining that the virtual sensor measurement is greater than the frost threshold and that the outdoor temperature is less than the freezing threshold and that the HVAC system is running in a heating mode, determine that the blocked condition on the coil is a frosted coil; and
in response to determining that the blocked condition on the coil is the frosted coil, instruct the HVAC system to initiate a defrost cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,168,066

AIR CONDITIONER WITH OUTDOOR FAN CONTROL IN ACCORDANCE WITH SUCTION PRESSURE AND SUCTION SUPERHEATING DEGREE OF A COMPRESSOR

FUJITSU GENERAL LIMITED, ...

1. An air conditioner comprisingan indoor unit and an outdoor unit that are coupled by a liquid pipe and a gas pipe,
the outdoor unit having a compressor, a flow passage switching unit, an outdoor heat exchanger, an outdoor expansion valve, an outdoor fan, a suction pressure detector, a suction temperature detector, and an outdoor unit controller,
the suction pressure detector detecting suction pressure that is pressure of a refrigerant suctioned into the compressor,
the suction temperature detector detecting a suction temperature that is a temperature of the refrigerant suctioned into the compressor, and
the outdoor unit controller controlling the outdoor fan in accordance with the detected suction pressure when the outdoor heat exchanger functions as an evaporator, wherein
the outdoor unit controller calculates a suction superheating degree that is a superheating degree of the refrigerant suctioned into the compressor by using the detected suction pressure and the detected suction temperature,
when the suction superheating degree is equal to or less than a predetermined threshold superheating degree, the outdoor unit controller controls the outdoor fan such that the suction pressure becomes equal to or more than a first threshold pressure and lower than a second threshold pressure, the first threshold pressure being higher by a predetermined value than an evaporation pressure corresponding to a predetermined frosting temperature of the outdoor heat exchanger, the second threshold pressure being higher than the first threshold pressure, and
the outdoor unit controller controls the outdoor fan such that the suction superheating degree becomes equal to or less than the threshold superheating degree when the suction superheating degree is higher than the threshold superheating degree and the suction pressure is lower than the second threshold pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,168,065

DIAGNOSING AND TROUBLESHOOTING A HEATING, VENTILATION, AND AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

Lennox Industries Inc., ...

1. A system for troubleshooting a heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system, comprising:a control unit communicatively coupled to a first plurality of HVAC units and a first interactive display; the control unit operable to:
connect to a Wi-Fi network, the Wi-Fi network generated by a wireless access point connected to an Internet;
detect and connect to a control server over the Internet using the Wi-Fi network; and
detect a local user device over the Wi-Fi network, the local user device operable to control the plurality HVAC units by communicating with the control unit over the Wi-Fi network;
a mobile troubleshooting device, the mobile troubleshooting device operable to communicate with the control unit over an HVAC network using a Wi-Fi direct protocol, wherein the HVAC network is separate from the Wi-Fi network and the mobile troubleshooting device accesses the HVAC network without accessing the Wi-Fi network;
a remote troubleshooting device, the remote troubleshooting device operable to communicate with the control unit over a control connection established between the control server and the control unit, wherein at least one of the mobile troubleshooting device and the remote troubleshooting device are operable to diagnose an operational issue in the control unit; and
wherein in response to a failure in the wireless access point, the remote troubleshooting device is operable to communicate with the control unit through the mobile troubleshooting device, the mobile troubleshooting device acting as a bridge between the control unit and the remote troubleshooting device.

US Pat. No. 10,168,064

ULTRASONIC HUMIDIFIER

1. An ultrasonic humidifier comprising:a base chamber having a first floater;
a water reservoir coupled to the base chamber having a second floater; and
a top water tank disposed on top of the water reservoir;
wherein the second floater is positioned at an upper portion of the water reservoir coupled to the top water tank.

US Pat. No. 10,168,062

COLD WIND TABLE CABINET

DONG GUAN SONG WEI ELECTR...

1. A cold wind table cabinet, comprising a main body having a table top, a refrigeration device is configured in said main body below said table top, said refrigeration device comprising a housing, and a blower and refrigeration box installed inside said housing, a housing air inlet and housing air outlet being respectively opened on said housing, said blower having a blower air inlet and blower air outlet, a refrigeration air inlet and refrigeration air outlet being respectively opened on said refrigeration box, refrigeration components being installed inside said refrigeration box, said refrigeration air inlet being in communication with said housing air inlet, said refrigeration inlet facing and being in communication with said blower air outlet, and said refrigeration air outlet facing and being in communication with said housing air outlet; wherein said refrigeration components comprises a refrigeration sheet, and first and second cooling sheets, said refrigeration sheet has a cooling face and heating face, said first cooling sheet is in contact with said heating face, said second cooling sheet is in contact with said cooling face, and said first cooling sheet is exposed outside of said refrigeration box; wherein a mounting hole for the installment of said refrigeration components is opened on said refrigeration box, said refrigeration components are installed inside said refrigeration box correspondingly to said mounting hole; a heat insulation cotton, positioning piece, engagement sheet and sealing ring are installed in sequence between said first and second cooling sheets, said heat insulation cotton is installed on a side face of said first cooling sheet facing said refrigeration sheet, a first through hole is opened on said heat insulation cotton, a second through hole is facing exactly said first through hole and is opened on said positioning piece, said refrigeration sheet is positioned inside said first, second through holes; a first peripheral positioning groove is indented on a side face of said positioning piece facing said engagement sheet, said first peripheral positioning groove is configured around a periphery of said second through hole, said engagement sheet is a frame structure matching with said first peripheral positioning groove, said engagement sheet is engaged with said first peripheral positioning groove, a second peripheral positioning groove is indented on a side face of said engagement sheet facing said second cooling sheet, said sealing ring is embedded in said second peripheral positioning groove, said second cooling sheet is locked to said positioning piece, and said engagement sheet, sealing ring are sandwiched and positioned between said second cooling sheet and positioning piece.

US Pat. No. 10,168,060

AIR-CONDITIONING APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An air-conditioning apparatus, comprising:a compressor for compressing and discharging a refrigerant;
a heat source apparatus-side heat exchanger for exchanging heat between the refrigerant and a heat medium that enters the heat source apparatus-side heat exchanger;
a use-side heat exchanger for exchanging heat between the refrigerant and a surrounding medium of use;
a bypass pipe for bypassing the refrigerant that is to enter the heat source apparatus-side heat exchanger, the bypass pipe having a first end and a second end, the first end of the bypass pipe being connected to an inlet side of the heat source apparatus-side heat exchanger, the second end of the bypass pipe being connected to an outlet side of the heat source apparatus-side heat exchanger;
a bypass flow control valve arranged on the bypass pipe and connected in parallel to the heat source apparatus-side heat exchanger, the bypass flow control valve being configured to, by adjusting the flow of the refrigerant through the bypass pipe, adjust a flow of the refrigerant that is to enter the heat source apparatus-side heat exchanger; and
a controller configured to regulate a Cv value of the bypass flow control valve in response to an evaporating temperature or a condensing temperature in the air-conditioning apparatus such that the Cv value of the bypass flow control valve is equal to or less than an upper limit value of the Cv value of the bypass flow control valve, the Cv value of the bypass flow control valve corresponding to an opening degree of the bypass flow control valve, the upper limit of the Cv value of the bypass flow control valve corresponding to a state that a heat exchange amount in the heat source apparatus-side heat exchanger is zero,
wherein the heat source apparatus-side heat exchanger includes a first passage through which the refrigerant flows, a second passage through which the heat medium flows, and a refrigerant inflow opening through which the refrigerant enters the heat source apparatus-side heat exchanger,
wherein the first passage allows the refrigerant to flow upward,
wherein the bypass flow control valve is arranged above the refrigerant inflow opening, and
wherein the controller is configured to increase the upper limit value of the Cv value of the bypass flow control valve in response to an increased operation capacity of the compressor.

US Pat. No. 10,168,059

FILTERING MEDIUM AND AIR PURIFIER

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A filtering medium comprising:a nonwoven fabric; and
a first electrode provided on a surface of the nonwoven fabric,
wherein the first electrode has an input terminal of power,
wherein the nonwoven fabric includes a first fiber layer and a second fiber layer denser than the first fiber layer, and
wherein the nonwoven fabric further includes a third fiber layer that contains fibers having a fiber diameter smaller than a fiber diameter of fibers forming the second fiber layer, and is sandwiched between the first fiber layer and the second fiber layer.

US Pat. No. 10,168,058

DEHUMIDIFIER WITH SECONDARY EVAPORATOR AND CONDENSER COILS

Therma-Stor LLC, Madison...

1. A dehumidification system, comprising:a primary metering device;
a secondary metering device;
a secondary evaporator operable to:
receive a flow of refrigerant from the primary metering device; and
receive an inlet airflow and output a first airflow, the first airflow comprising cooler air than the inlet airflow, the first airflow generated by transferring heat from the inlet airflow to the flow of refrigerant as the inlet airflow passes through the secondary evaporator;
a primary evaporator operable to:
receive the flow of refrigerant from the secondary metering device; and
receive the first airflow and output a second airflow, the second airflow comprising cooler air than the first airflow, the second airflow generated by transferring heat from the first airflow to the flow of refrigerant as the first airflow passes through the primary evaporator;
a secondary condenser operable to:
receive the flow of refrigerant from the secondary evaporator; and
receive the second airflow and output a third airflow, the third airflow comprising warmer and less humid air than the second airflow, the third airflow generated by transferring heat from the flow of refrigerant to the third airflow as the second airflow passes through the secondary condenser;
a sub-cooling coil operable to:
receive the flow of refrigerant from the primary condenser;
output the flow of refrigerant to the primary metering device; and
receive the third airflow and output a fourth airflow, the fourth airflow comprising warmer and less humid air than the third airflow, the fourth airflow generated by transferring heat from the flow of refrigerant to the fourth airflow as the third airflow passes through the sub-cooling coil;
a primary condenser operable to:
receive the flow of refrigerant from the compressor; and
receive the fourth airflow and output a dehumidified airflow, the dehumidified airflow comprising warmer and less humid air than the fourth airflow, the dehumidified airflow generated by transferring heat from the flow of refrigerant to the dehumidified airflow as the fourth airflow passes through the primary condenser;
a compressor operable to receive the flow of refrigerant from the primary evaporator and provide the flow of refrigerant to the primary condenser, the flow of refrigerant provided to the primary condenser comprising a higher pressure than the flow of refrigerant received at the compressor; and
a fan operable to generate the inlet, first, second, third, fourth, and dehumidified airflows.

US Pat. No. 10,168,057

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING MOISTURE

COMMONWEALTH SCIENTIFIC A...

1. A method for controlling moisture content of a gaseous flow comprising:providing a pair of desiccant contact structures each desiccant contact structure having a process side adapted to pass through a process gaseous stream for altering moisture content of the gaseous stream, and a regeneration side adapted to pass through a regeneration gaseous stream for altering moisture content of a desiccant in said contact structure, wherein
the process side of a first desiccant contact structure is fluidly connected to the regeneration side of a second desiccant contact structure with a first closed recirculation loop, or
the regeneration side of the first desiccant contract structure is provided with a second closed recirculation loop,
said gaseous flow being provided to the process side of the second desiccant contact structure to thereby control its moisture content.

US Pat. No. 10,168,056

DESICCANT AIR CONDITIONING METHODS AND SYSTEMS USING EVAPORATIVE CHILLER

7AC Technologies, Inc., ...

1. An air conditioning method, comprising the steps of:dehumidifying an air stream to be provided to a building space by exposing the air stream to a liquid desiccant in a conditioner;
diverting a portion of the air stream dehumidified in the conditioner to an air treatment unit acting as an evaporative chiller that causes the portion of the dehumidified air stream to absorb water from a water source and thereby cool a heat transfer fluid, and providing the heat transfer fluid cooled in the air treatment unit to the conditioner to cool the air stream to be provided to the building space; and
regenerating the liquid desiccant used in the conditioner.

US Pat. No. 10,168,055

HOUSEHOLD DEVICE HAVING A DOOR AND ELECTRICAL CONTACTS IN THE REGION OF A DOOR GUIDE

1. A household appliance, comprising:a housing having a receiving space for food and a storage space disposed below the receiving space;
a door for closing an opening of the receiving space of the housing, said door being configured for insertion into the storage place when the door is opened, said door including at least one electrical consumer, a first electrical contact coupled to the electrical consumer, and a housing-side second electrical contact electrically coupled to the first electrical contact for supply of electrical energy to the consumer as a function of an operating position of the door;
a guide apparatus configured to guide the door into the storage space, said guide apparatus having a housing-side horizontal guide slot arranged laterally in relation to the door in a side wall of the storage space, said second electrical contact being arranged adjacent to the guide slot in the side wall of the storage space the guide apparatus has a door-side guide path formed on a narrow edge side of the door in facing relation to the side wall of the storage space;
a housing-side hinge having a hinge rocker arranged rotatably on the housing, said hinge rocker having arranged thereon at least one guide element to engage in the guide path on the door so as to guide a lowering movement of the door; and
a decoupling element arranged on the hinge rocker and configured to automatically decouple a coupled state of the first electrical contact to the second electrical contact when the door is lowered into the storage space and the hinge rocker is pivoted along a pivot path.

US Pat. No. 10,168,054

CONTROL DEVICE FOR GAS OVENS

ACTEK S.R.L., Cassago Br...

1. A control device for a gas oven, comprising:a valve body including a main element having a substantially parallelepiped shape with a rectangular section, an inlet opening for combustible gas, and an outlet opening for the combustible gas;
a gas passage conduit for the combustible gas, positioned internally of the valve body for placing the inlet opening in fluid communication with the outlet opening; and
a selector device coupled to the valve body, the selector device including two shutters for at least partly interfering in the gas passage conduit to define a reduction or interruption of a fluid passage section in the gas passage conduit;
the valve body including internally two sliding channels, each of the two sliding channels receiving a respective one of the two shutters and being in communication with the gas passage conduit, the selector device being coupled to each of the two sliding channels;
each of the two sliding channels comprising a tubular projection extending from a respective lateral surface of the main element;
the selector device comprising two valves, each of the two valves comprising a solenoid group having a substantially cylindrical shape and fitted around a respective one of the tubular projections;
each of the two valves further comprising a closing element positioned internally of the solenoid group and extending along a longitudinal direction of the respective one of the tubular projections for closing an inlet to a respective one of the two sliding channels;
each of the two valves further comprising an elastic member for biasing the respective one of the two shutters, the elastic member arranged internally of the respective one of the tubular projections and interposed between a respective one of the closing elements and the respective one of the two shutters.

US Pat. No. 10,168,053

COMBUSTION APPARATUS FOR BOTH FIREWOOD AND PELLET FUEL

1. A combustion apparatus for both firewood and pellet fuel comprising:a combustion chamber in which wood fuel including firewood or a pellet is stacked;
an air supply unit provided with an air supply pipe, a nozzle connected to the air supply pipe, and a gap-maintaining member connected to the nozzle, said nozzle configured to spray air directly toward one of right and left sides of the wood fuel in a side direction thereof; and
an operating unit comprising weights configured to use the potential enemy of the weights to change a position of the nozzle according to a position of a region of the wood fuel in which combustion is performed in order to force the gap-maintaining member to come into contact with one side of the wood fuel and to continuously maintain a constant gap between the nozzle and the wood fuel during combustion.

US Pat. No. 10,168,052

COMBUSTOR BULKHEAD HEAT SHIELD

United Technologies Corpo...

11. A heat shield for a combustor comprising:a ring shaped body including a central opening defining a radially inner edge of the ring shaped body, the ring shaped body comprising a ceramic material,
a plurality of through holes distributed circumferentially about the ring shaped body;
an interference fit shaped portion on at least one of said radially inner edge and a radially outward edge of the heat shield; and
wherein said interference fit shaped portion is a rounded bulb shape and wherein said rounded bulb shape has a diameter larger than a thickness of said ring shaped body along an axis defined by the ring shaped body.

US Pat. No. 10,168,051

COMBUSTOR ASSEMBLY FOR A TURBINE ENGINE

General Electric Company,...

1. A combustor assembly for a gas turbine engine, the combustor assembly comprising:an annular dome including an enclosed surface defining a slot;
a liner at least partially defining a combustion chamber and extending between an aft end and a forward end, the forward end of the liner received within the slot of the annular dome; and
a mounting assembly including a pin extending through the slot and an opening in the forward end of the liner, the mounting assembly further including a metal grommet positioned in the opening in the forward end of the liner around the pin to protect the liner;
wherein the mounting assembly further includes a bushing, wherein the bushing is positioned around the pin within the slot, and wherein the grommet is positioned around the bushing and configured to slide along the bushing;
wherein the liner is comprised of a ceramic matrix composite material, and wherein the annular dome is comprised of a metal material;
wherein the grommet includes an inner collar positioned adjacent to an inner surface of the liner, an outer collar positioned adjacent to an outer surface of the liner, and a body between the inner collar and the outer collar, and wherein at least one of the inner collar or the outer collar is attached to the body by swaging.

US Pat. No. 10,168,050

AFTERBURNER AND AIRCRAFT ENGINE

IHI Corporation, Koto-ku...

1. An afterburner configured to supply fuel for burning in a gas mixture of combustion gas and air, the combustion gas being discharged from a core flow path of an aircraft engine and the air being discharged from a fan flow path of the aircraft engine, the afterburner configured to increase thrust of the aircraft engine, the afterburner comprising:a rear duct provided at an outlet of an engine case of the aircraft engine;
a cylindrical liner positioned within the rear duct and configured to receive the combustion gas and air;
a fuel injector configured to inject the fuel in the form of liquid in the cylindrical liner;
an igniter positioned downstream of the fuel injector and configured to ignite the gas mixture containing the fuel in the cylindrical liner;
a flame holder positioned downstream of the fuel injector and configured to hold flame, the flame holder including:
an annulus flame holding member which is provided on an inner circumferential surface of the cylindrical liner in contact therewith and configured to propagate flame in a circumferential direction; and
a plurality of radial flame holding members which are oriented radially inside the annulus flame holding member and configured to propagate flame in a radial direction;
and
a guide ring which is provided inside the annulus flame holding member, wherein an annular guide flow path is formed between an outer circumferential surface of the guide ring and an inner circumferential surface of the annulus flame holding member, the guide ring being configured to guide the gas mixture containing the fuel in a downstream direction.

US Pat. No. 10,168,049

METHOD FOR PREVENTING EXPLOSION OF EXHAUST GAS IN DECOMPRESSION PROCESSING APPARATUS

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

1. A method for preventing explosion of an exhaust gas in an exhaust path at an outlet side of a vacuum pump included in a decompression processing apparatus, the method comprising:supplying a mixed gas of a combustible gas containing either substituted or unsubstituted methane and a combustion supporting gas containing a halogen element to a chamber of the decompression processing apparatus thereby performing a decompression processing on a processing target substrate at a reduced pressure while evacuating the chamber with the vacuum pump;
measuring a concentration of the combustible gas in the exhaust path to determine a flow rate of the inert as supplied to the exhaust path or to the vacuum pump; and
supplying an inert gas to the exhaust path or to the vacuum pump at the determined flow rate such that a concentration of the combustible gas in the exhaust gas is maintained at a value lower than a predetermined limit.

US Pat. No. 10,168,048

DUAL FUEL BURNER PRESSURE SWITCH SHUT OFF MECHANISM

GHP Group, Inc., Niles, ...

1. In a dual fuel fire burner assembly to which at least two kinds of gaseous fuel can be supplied, the dual fuel fire burner assembly adapted to receive at least two sources of fuel, each source of fuel providing a distinctive fuel having a source pressure that differs from the source pressure of the other source of fuel, with a fuel selector operable to place the burner assembly in condition for use of a selected fuel, the two sources of fuel being controlled through a main controller valve, the burner assembly comprising:a pressure detector which detects pressure of the fuel source and provides a fuel pressure indication of the fuel pressure, the pressure detector coupled to an electrical pressure switch;
a tine associated with the fuel selector which provides a tine indication of the fuel selected, the tine coupled to an electrical selector switch;
a parallel electrical circuit comprising the pressure switch and the selector switch, the pressure switch adapted to open or close a first branch of the parallel circuit based upon the fuel pressure indication and the selector switch adapted to open or close a second branch of the parallel electrical circuit based upon the tine indication, wherein the two switches close the main controller valve to shut off fuel supply if the fuel pressure indication does not match the tine indication.

US Pat. No. 10,168,047

WATER HEATING APPARATUS AND SYSTEM HAVING A SCALE DETECTING FUNCTION

NORITZ CORPORATION, Hyog...

1. A water heating apparatus, comprising:a burner; and
a heat exchanger for heating water with use of heat from the burner, the heat exchanger including a plurality of fins and a tube:
a thermistor for measuring a surface temperature of the heat exchanger;
a storage for storing information about the water heating apparatus; and
a processor,
the information including a numerical value representing how many times the surface temperature measured by the thermistor exceeds at least one of a plurality of threshold values,
the processor being configured such that while the burner provides combustion when the surface temperature measured by the thermistor exceeds at least one of the plurality of threshold values for a continuous period of time the processor adds a predetermined value to the numerical value in the storage, when the numerical value in the storage attains a value equal to or greater than a defined value the processor detects occurrence of clogging with scale in the tube and the processor causes an output unit to output a result of a detection by the processor,
wherein the plurality of threshold values include a first threshold value and a second threshold value larger than the first threshold value;
the predetermined value includes a first value to be added when the surface temperature measured is equal to or greater than the first threshold value, and a second value to be added when the surface temperature measured is equal to or greater than the second threshold value; and
the second value is larger than the first value.

US Pat. No. 10,168,045

CANDLE POT

1. A pot comprising:a base and a peripheral wall defining a recess together wherein at least one lower portion of a combustible body is configured to be arranged to form a candle, wherein the base comprises a network of elements extending in a relief pattern from the bottom face of said base, said network configured to limit the thermal heating of said pot during the combustion of the body; wherein the network comprises elements angularly equidistributed according to a two-by-two alternation between two types of different geometries.

US Pat. No. 10,168,044

SMOKE DETECTOR, EMERGENCY LIGHT AND ALTERNATE LIGHT SOURCE SYSTEM

Marcia Lawson, Houston, ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a smoke detector for generating an emergency signal,
at least one LED light,
a battery,
an audible alarm,
a switch for manual on/off intervention, and
a control circuit connected to the mains electricity, the battery, the at least one LED light, the smoke detector, the audible alarm, and the switch,
wherein the components are contained in a single package, and the control circuit is configured to use the battery when the mains electricity isn't available, sound the audible alarm and pulsate the at least one LED light when an emergency signal is received, and light the at least one LED when mains electricity is not available and an emergency signal is not received.

US Pat. No. 10,168,043

LIGHT-EMITTING ACCESSORY HAVING A LIGHT GUIDE BODY WITH AN INCLINED PORTION

HAYASHI TELEMPU CO., LTD,...

1. A light-emitting accessory comprising:a light source;
a light guide body that guides a light radiated from the light source;
a case body that holds the light source and the light guide body and has an attachment to an outside thereof; and
a cover body formed by a light permeable material and being attached to the case body to cover the light source and the light guide body,
wherein the light guide body has a back surface facing the light source, a front surface opposite to the back surface and an inclined portion formed on the front surface, in the vicinity of a center of the light guide body, the inclined portion being inclined with respect to a direction of thickness of the light guide body,
wherein the light source is disposed in a position in alignment with the inclined portion and the light guide body is configured such that light from the light source exits from the front surface, and
wherein a light transmissive picture sheet is arranged between the cover body and the light guide body.

US Pat. No. 10,168,042

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ILLUMINATING DECORATIVE AND GRAPHIC ELEMENTS ON A CONTAINER

1. A combination bag and lighting system, comprising:the bag having:
a bottom surface;
two opposing sides;
a back side;
a front side;
a visual element secured to the front side;
a first hinge attached to the front side and the bottom surface; and
a second hinge attached to the back side and the bottom surface;
wherein the first hinge and the second hinge allows pivot movement of the front side and the back side relative to the bottom surface;
wherein the two opposing sides, the back side and the front side form an inner cavity; and
wherein the bag is foldable;
the lighting system carried within the inner cavity of the bag, the lighting system having:
a light source configured to create beams of light that pass through the front side and illuminates the visual element.

US Pat. No. 10,168,041

LIGHT FIXTURE

Dyson Technology Limited,...

1. A lighting device comprising: a light source; a plurality of heat pipes thermally connected to the light source; heat exchangers thermally connected to the heat pipes; and a support frame that comprises: elongate members that connect to edges or corners of the heat exchangers, and a cross-supporting member connecting the elongate members and comprising a planar portion that covers portions of the heat pipes that correspond to the light source, wherein a structure formed of the support frame, the heat pipes, and the heat exchangers supports the light source, wherein the cross-supporting member comprises connectors which are adapted to correspond to and engage with the inward facing profile of the elongate members.

US Pat. No. 10,168,039

ILLUMINATED BADGE FOR A VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle badge, comprising:a housing having a viewable portion coupled to a peripheral portion;
a first light source illuminating indicia;
a second light source illuminating a background region; and
a third light source configured to emit light at a reflective member extending from a peripheral portion of the housing towards the first light source and configured to redirect light emitted from the third light source outwardly through the peripheral portion.

US Pat. No. 10,168,036

BAR-TYPED TRACK LED LAMP

Self Elecronics Co., Ltd....

1. A bar-typed track LED lamp comprising:a track,
a bar-typed LED lamp movably mounted on the track,
a connector disposed between the track and the bar-typed LED lamp, the connector having a rotatable end fixed onto the bar-typed LED lamp and a movable end fixed to the track, and
two balance mechanisms connected to the bar-typed LED lamp and arranged on opposite sides of the connector along a longitudinal direction of the track, a distance between one of the two balance mechanisms and the connector being not equal to that between the other balance mechanism and the connector,
each of the two balance mechanisms comprising a housing disposed on the bar-typed LED lamp, a prop received in the housing and protruding from the housing, and at least one elastic member arranged between the prop and the bar-typed LED lamp, the prop pressing against the track while the elastic member is under compression,
wherein when the two balance mechanisms are not disposed equidistantly from the connector, two ends of the bar-typed LED lamp are subject to different forces of gravity, a counterforce provided by the two balance mechanisms respectively varies with the different forces of gravity so that the bar-typed LED lamp maintains equilibrium.

US Pat. No. 10,168,035

LIGHTING FIXTURE

PHILIPS LIGHTING HOLDING ...

1. A lighting fixture having a generally planar light output window, comprising:an outer housing;
an inner housing which is rotatably received within the outer housing about a first axis perpendicular to the light output window, wherein an output face of the lighting fixture is defined by a surface of the inner housing, a surface of the outer housing and the light output window;
a plurality of light source carriers mounted to the inner housing, wherein each light source carrier is mounted for rotation about a second axis parallel to the light output window;
light sources carried by the light source carriers for directing a light output to the light output window; and
a rotary adjustment arrangement comprising a first adjustment element for controlling rotation of the inner housing with respect to the outer housing and a second adjustment element for controlling rotation of the light source carriers with respect to the inner housing, and
wherein the outer housing comprises a gear wheel with inner teeth, which at least partially surrounds the inner housing, and the first adjustment element comprises a cog which engages with the gear wheel.

US Pat. No. 10,168,032

EXTERIOR LAMP MOUNTING ADAPTOR

1. A mounting adaptor for an electric light fixture to be mounted on a surface, the mounting adaptor comprising:a base and a joining member each having an interfacing face, one of the base and the joining member comprising on its interfacing face a groove, the other one of the base and the joining member comprising on its interfacing face a lip adapted to cooperate with the groove thereby providing a capability to assemble releasably the joining member with the base;
the base comprising a mounting element adapted to mount the base to the surface;
the joining member comprising a joint element adapted to mount the electric light fixture to the joining member; and
a locking mechanism adapted to lock the base and the joining member in a mounted position relatively to each other, wherein the locking mechanism comprises a resilient member moving from an unlocked position to a locked position during an assembly of the joining member with the base.

US Pat. No. 10,168,031

LIGHTING ARRANGEMENT

1. A lighting arrangement comprising:a mounting ring extending along a central longitudinal axis and having a plurality of mounting apertures and a circular wall, said circular wall having an inwardly-facing surface encircling said central longitudinal axis and defining a cavity, said circular wall also having an outwardly-facing surface opposite said inwardly-facing surface with a thickness defined between said inwardly-facing surface and said outwardly-facing surface, said circular wall extending a height along said axis between a downwardly-facing surface and an upwardly-facing surface;
a luminaire having a housing assembly and a light emitter, said housing assembly at least partially enclosing said light emitter, said housing assembly at least partially received in said cavity;
a plurality of locking arms projecting from a first of said circular wall and said luminaire radially in a first direction relative to said central longitudinal axis, each of said plurality of locking arms including a vertical portion extending along said central longitudinal axis and a circumferential portion extending about said central longitudinal axis, each of said circumferential portions extending from a first end at an intersection with one of said vertical portions to a respective second end distal relative to said first end, and each of said circumferential portions having an upper face and a lower face;
a plurality of posts each extending away from a second of said circular wall and said luminaire radially in a second direction relative to said central longitudinal axis opposite to said first direction;
a plurality of protuberances and at least one planar surface portion between said plurality of protuberances projecting upward along said central longitudinal axis from at least one of said upper faces; and
wherein said mounting ring and said luminaire are interconnected by moving at least one of said plurality posts past at least one of said plurality of distal ends along said central longitudinal axis and rotating said mounting ring and said luminaire relative to one another in a first angular direction about said central longitudinal axis and successively sliding said at least one of said plurality posts across a first of said plurality of protuberances, said at least one planar surface portion, and a second of said plurality of protuberances.

US Pat. No. 10,168,028

LAMP

DONGGUAN JIA SHENG LIGHTI...

1. A lamp, comprising:a main body comprising a heat sink and a lamp holder located on a bottom of the heat sink, wherein the bottom of the heat sink extends outwardly to form a flange, the lamp holder has a trumpet shaped structure, a bottom of the lamp holder has a shape as an ellipse having a minor axis along a longitudinal direction and a major axis along a transverse direction;
a lighting assembly mounted to the bottom of the lamp holder;
a lampshade assembly comprising a cover body covering the lamp holder and a spring located in the cover body, wherein a first end of the cover body resists a top of the flange, a first end of the spring resists a bottom of the flange, a second end of the spring resists a second end of the cover body; and
a reflector cover, wherein a top end of the reflector cover comprises a sleeving portion extending radically and an embedded portion axially extending upward from an inner edge of the sleeving portion, an inner diameter of the embedded portion is less than the major axis of the bottom of the lamp holder, and is greater than the minor axis;
when assembled, the cover body is moved upwardly relative to the main body to compress the spring, the reflector cover is inclined toward the main body for a predetermined angle and is moved to sleeve on the lamp holder, until the bottom of the lamp holder is embedded into the sleeving portion of the reflector cover, and then the reflector cover is rotated to a right position, when the cover body is released and subjected to a reversed thrust of the spring, then the cover body moves downwardly to resist the reflector cover, thereby securing the top end of the reflector cover; and
wherein, at the predetermined angle, a projection of the inner diameter of the embedded portion is greater than the major axis of the bottom of the lamp holder so that the reflector cover can be sleeved on the bottom of the lamp holder.

US Pat. No. 10,168,027

STRUCTURE OF A LIGHTING DISPLAY DEVICE

1. An improved structure of a lighting display device, comprising:a frame body including a base at a bottom thereof, a stand connecting the base with a lower end thereof, an upper fixing element connecting with an upper end of the stand along an axis perpendicular to a center of the base and having a positioning plate, the positioning plate having an engaging section fixed at a center thereof and a lower fixing element fixed on the base, defining a lower engaging space therein with a positioning annulus arranged on an inner surface thereof;
a projection device disposed within the lower engaging space;
a transparent bottle engaging the positioning annulus;
an assembling element mounted on the transparent bottle, having a depression surface arranged atop and an upper engaging space therein, the depression surface having a positioning hole at a center thereof to engage the engaging section of the positioning plate for a stronger engagement therebetween; and
a spring disposed inside the upper engaging space, abutting between the depression surface and the transparent bottle for the transparent bottle to be positioned along the axis perpendicular to the base and for the depression surface to fixedly engage the positioning plate;
whereby the transparent bottle would produce attractive visual effects by the projection device, and the spring allows the transparent bottle together with the assembling element to be easily engaged and disengaged from the upper and lower fixing elements.

US Pat. No. 10,168,026

UNDER CABINET LIGHT FIXTURES

Cooper Technologies Compa...

1. An end cap for a light fixture, the end cap comprising:a body comprising at least one wall and at least one coupling feature, wherein the at least one wall comprises an inner surface and an outer surface, and wherein the at least one coupling feature is configured to couple the body to another component of the light fixture;
a first knockout disposed in the at least one wall, wherein the first knockout is configured to be removed to generate a first aperture in the at least one wall, wherein the first aperture, which results after the first knockout is removed, would be configured to receive a first electrical enclosure;
a platform disposed on and extending away from the inner surface of the at least one wall adjacent to the first knockout, wherein the platform is configured to receive a clamping assembly, wherein the clamping assembly is configured to secure the first electrical enclosure within the first aperture, which results after the first knockout is removed, wherein the first electrical enclosure comprises a sleeve through which a cable is disposed after the first knockout is removed and the first electrical enclosure is secured by the clamping assembly adjacent to the first aperture; and
a second aperture disposed in the at least one wall, wherein the second aperture is configured to receive a second electrical enclosure.

US Pat. No. 10,168,025

ROTATING BEACON

1. A rotating beacon including:a heat conducting mounting base having a ventilated lower chamber, said lower chamber including cooling fins integrally formed with said mounting base;
a substantially cylindrical transparent housing secured to said mounting base and forming a substantially closed upper chamber;
a reflector assembly including a reflector of substantially part parabolic shape mounted on a carrier in said upper chamber, said reflector describing a solid or rotation substantially conforming to an inner cylindrical surface of said housing and said carrier comprising an annular body mounting said reflector and supported for rotation on said mounting base about an axis passing substantially through the focal point of said reflector, said carrier including a peripheral ring gear portion adapted to be gear driven by a motor assembly; and
a light emitting diode (LED) assembly thermally coupled to an integrally formed portion of said mounting base which extends through said annular body and locates said diode assembly to emit light substantially at said focal point.

US Pat. No. 10,168,024

LIGHTING PANEL ADAPTED FOR IMPROVED UNIFORMITY OF LIGHT OUTPUT

PHILIPS LIGHTING HOLDING ...

1. A lighting panel, comprising:a light output area, having a width across which a light output is to be generated;
a reflector structure, having a reflective surface facing at least in part in the direction of the light output area; and
one or more rows of solid state lighting elements, having a light-emitting top surface, arranged beneath the reflector structure, the row or rows extending perpendicularly to the width of the light output area;
wherein the solid state lighting elements together comprise at least two subsets of lighting elements, the subsets including:
a first subset creating a first light intensity profile across the width of the light output area, and
a second subset creating a second light intensity profile across the width of the light output area,
wherein the combined intensity profiles create a third light intensity profile across the width of the light output area of greater uniformity than either the first or second intensity profiles, and
wherein the first subset of solid state lighting elements are adapted to generate beam profiles against the surface of the reflector corresponding to virtual light source positions of a first perpendicular displacement relative to the light output area, and
the second subset of solid state lighting elements are adapted to generate beam profiles against the surface of the reflector structure corresponding to virtual light source positions of a second perpendicular displacement relative to the light output area.

US Pat. No. 10,168,023

REFLECTOR BASED ILLUMINATION SYSTEM

NLS Lighting, LLC, Ranch...

1. A reflector based illumination system for use with a housing in communication with a power source and having at least one opening for illuminating an exterior surface, the system comprising:a mounting insert having at least one primary reflective surface recessed from the opening of the housing when the mounting insert is inserted within the housing;
at least one circuit board releasably secured to the mounting insert and operable to be placed in communication with the power source;
at least one auxiliary reflector coupled to the mounting insert either directly or indirectly, the at least one auxiliary reflector having a first edge proximate the primary reflective surface of the mounting insert, a second opposing free standing distal edge, and a pair of detached free standing opposing side edges spaced apart from the housing with the edges defining a non-planar bendable region, the at least one auxiliary reflector further having an auxiliary reflective surface within the non-planar bendable region; and
at least one light source in communication with the at least one circuit board and recessed from the opening within the housing, the at least one light source positioned within the housing to emit a quantity of incident light toward the auxiliary reflective surface of the at least one auxiliary reflector, a quantity of incident light toward the primary reflective surface, and a quantity of unobstructed light through the opening of the housing, with all three quantities cooperating to illuminate the exterior surface when the light source is placed in communication with the power source through the circuit board and energized to generate light.

US Pat. No. 10,168,022

ATTACHMENT FOR ILLUMINATION DEVICE

Keyence Corporation, Osa...

1. An attachment for an illumination device detachably attached to a ring-shaped illumination device, the ring-shaped illumination device including: a main case that includes a first opening section which is a substantially circular opening formed on an upper surface, a second opening section which is a substantially circular opening formed on a lower surface and which has a first center axis common to the first opening section, and a first hollow section which includes the first center axis and is connected to the first opening section and the second opening section; a plurality of light-emitting elements that is annularly arranged in the main case so as to surround the first hollow section; and a light emitting opening section that is an opening having a substantially annular shape whose center is located on the first center axis and having a width in a vertical direction of the main case, the light emitting opening section guiding light emitted from the plurality of light emitting elements downward of the first center axis from the first hollow section, the attachment for the illumination device comprising:a dome member that includes a small-diameter opening section which has an substantially annular shape and has an opening diameter smaller than a diameter of the first opening section of the ring-shaped illumination device, a large-diameter opening section which has a substantially annular shape, has a second center axis common to the small-diameter opening section, and has an opening diameter larger than the opening diameter of the small-diameter opening section, and a side-surface section which has a contour shape widening from the small-diameter opening section to the large-diameter opening section along the second center axis and has a second hollow section inside, and at least a part of which transmits light from outside while diffusing the light to the second hollow section, the small-diameter opening section being inserted into the first hollow section of the ring-shaped illumination device from the second opening section to the first opening section of the ring shaped illumination device in a state where the second center axis common to the small-diameter opening section and the large-diameter opening section substantially matches the first center axis of the ring-shaped illumination device when the attachment for the illumination device is fitted to the ring-shaped illumination device; and
a first shielding member that includes a first inner peripheral end section which is connected to the small-diameter opening section of the dome member after the dome member is fitted to the ring-shaped illumination device, extends over an entire periphery from the first inner peripheral end section in a direction perpendicular to the center axis of the small-diameter opening section, covers a space formed between an annular end section of the small-diameter opening section of the dome member and an annular end section of the first opening section of the ring-shaped illumination device, and is connected to the ring-shaped illumination device,
wherein the annular end section of the large-diameter opening section of the dome member engages with the ring-shaped illumination device so as to cover a space formed between the annular end section of the large-diameter opening section of the dome member and the annular end section of the second opening section of the ring-shaped illumination device when the dome member is fitted to the ring-shaped illumination device.

US Pat. No. 10,168,021

LIGHT GUIDING DEVICE

1. A rearview device for a motor vehicle having a rearview reflection surface, an illuminant and a light guiding device wherein the light guiding device, light source and rearview reflection surface are arranged together in such a way that the light guiding device deflects the light emitted by the light source to a side of the rearview reflection surface facing away from the driver of the vehicle and transmitted through a portion of the reflection surface toward the driver to illuminate an indicator device of a driver assistance system or a blind spot monitor; andwherein one region of the rearview reflection surface comprises a non-reflecting or partially reflecting part, especially a pictogram, which is backlit by the light source and the light guiding device, the light guiding device comprising:
a. a light incoupling side for incoupling light from a light source;
b. a reflection side having a reflection layer; and
c. a light outcoupling side, which is disposed generally opposite the reflection side,wherein the reflection layer has at least one of a step-like or wave-like surface contour disposed onto at least a portion of the reflection side, and a clearance between the reflection side and the light outcoupling side generally decreases as the distance from the light incoupling side increases and the reflection side having the reflection layer is configured so that light arriving from the light incoupling side is deflected to the light outcoupling side, andthe reflection layer includes a paint that is imprinted on the step-like or wave-like surface contour.

US Pat. No. 10,168,019

ILLUMINATION UNIT, PROJECTION DISPLAY UNIT, AND DIRECT-VIEW DISPLAY UNIT

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

20. A projection display comprising:an illumination optical section;
a spatial modulating section configured to modulate light from the illumination optical section based on an input image signal to generate image light; and
a projection optical section configured to project the image light generated by the spatial modulating section,
wherein,
the illumination optical section includes (a) at least one light source configured to emit light from a light emission region thereof, the light emission region including at least one dot-shaped or non-dot-shaped light-emitting spots and (b) an optical member configured to allow light incident from the at least one light source to pass therethrough and exit therefrom,
the optical member includes an integrator including at least one fly-eye lens and is configured to uniformize a luminance distribution of light in a predetermined illumination region illuminated with light incident from the at least one light source,
the at least one fly-eye lens on which light from the at least one light source is incident includes a plurality of cells being arranged along a first direction and a second direction orthogonal to each other as the arrangement directions,
the at least one light source and the at least one fly-eye lens are arranged such that a luminance distribution shape of light incident on the at least one fly-eye lens also has an anisotropic shape caused by an anisotropic shape of a far field pattern (FFP), and
a major-axis direction of the luminance distribution shape is different from both the first and second arrangement directions of the cells of the at least one fly-eye lens.

US Pat. No. 10,168,018

VEHICLE LIGHT FIXTURE HAVING INTERNAL HEATSINK FOR LED LAMP

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle headlight comprising:a headlight housing including an external lens and an outer wall that define a headlight interior;
a lighting element including a light-emitting diode lamp; and
an internal heatsink having a rear portion extending from the rear of the lighting element and a flange portion that extends from a side of the lighting element, wherein the lamp is in thermal communication with the internal heatsink, and wherein the lighting element is disposed within the headlight interior and coupled to an element receptacle defined by the outer wall, and wherein the flange portion of the internal heatsink is in thermal communication with the external lens.

US Pat. No. 10,168,017

VEHICLE COMBINATION LAMP

STANLEY ELECTRIC CO., LTD...

1. A vehicle combination lamp comprising a plurality of lamp units and a lamp chamber configured to accommodate the lamp units therein, whereinthe plurality of lamp units includes at least a first lamp unit having an end portion and a second lamp unit disposed at or near the end portion of the first lamp unit,
the first lamp unit includes a bar-shaped light guide member, and a light source including a first light emitting element that has white light emission color and a second light emitting element that has different light emission color from the first light emitting element, the light source being disposed at or near the end portion of the light guide member,
the light guide member of the first lamp unit includes a light incident surface opposed to the light source, a light reflection portion formed in part of an outer peripheral surface thereof and extending along an extending direction of the light guide member, and a light emission reflection portion opposite to the light reflection portion,
the light source of the first lamp unit includes a substrate on which the first and second light emitting elements are mounted so that the first and second light emitting elements having different light emission colors are opposed to the light incident surface,
the first lamp unit is configured to emit white light when the first light emitting element is turned on to emit white light and the white light is guided through the light guide member and output through the light emission reflection portion as well as to emit different color light when the second light emitting element is turned on to emit different color light from the white light and the different color light is guided through the light guide member and output through the light emission reflection portion, so that the white light and the different color light impart different lamp functions to the first lamp unit,
a light distribution pattern formed by the white light from the first lamp unit has a maximum luminous intensity near a position where a horizontal reference line H intersects with a vertical reference line V wherein a range of 150 cd in luminous intensity for irradiation expands vertically more upward than downward with respect to the horizontal reference line H and laterally wider than about 24°,
the second lamp unit includes a second light guide member including a light incident surface, and a second light source including a light emitting element that has white light emission color, the second light source being disposed to be opposed to the light incident surface of the second light guide member, and
a light distribution pattern formed by the white light from the second lamp unit has a maximum luminous intensity lower than the maximum luminous intensity formed by the white light from the first lamp unit and located in a horizontally shifted position with respect to the light distribution pattern of the first lamp unit.

US Pat. No. 10,168,016

TRANSPARENT VEHICLE LAMP

T.Y.C. BROTHER INDUSTRIAL...

1. A transparent vehicle lamp comprising:at least one lens having a main body portion, an optical axis extending through said main body portion in a front-rear direction, and a first light input portion that is connected to one of two opposite sides of said main body portion, and that is spaced apart from the optical axis, said main body portion having a reflecting surface that intersects with the optical axis, a coupling surface that is connected to a periphery of said reflecting surface, and a light output surface that is spaced apart from said reflecting surface and said coupling surface along the optical axis such that the image of a scenery toward which said coupling surface faces is formed on said light output surface, said first light input portion having a first light input surface; and
a first light emitting member facing said first light input surface, a first light beam emitted from said first light emitting member firstly propagating toward the optical axis through said first light input surface, and being then reflected by said reflecting surface toward said light output surface.

US Pat. No. 10,168,015

LEDS MOUNTED ON CURVED LEAD FRAME

Koninklijke Philips N.V.,...

1. A light emitting structure, comprising:a plurality of bare light emitting diode (LED) dies, the LED dies having at least one bottom metal pad, the LED dies having a top surface that emits light;
a metal lead frame strip, the bottom metal pad of each of the LED dies being thermally affixed to a first surface of the lead frame strip, electrodes of the LED dies being electrically connected to the lead frame strip so that the LED dies are electrically interconnected;
lenses formed overlying the LED dies, the lenses being formed of a lens material, where the lens material encapsulates the LED dies and a portion of the lead frame strip; and
a support for the metal lead frame strip;
wherein the lead frame strip is bent while supported by the support such that top surfaces of at least some of the LED dies are in different planes,
wherein the support comprises a rigid pre-molded support defining a first slot (48) for receiving one end of the lead frame strip and defining a second slot (48) for receiving an opposite end of the lead frame strip,
wherein the support includes metal leads (54, 56) for connection to a power supply, and wherein the metal leads are electrically coupled to the first slot and the second slot,
wherein the support further comprises areas (50, 52) between the first slot and second slot that support the lead frame strip and define a curvature of the lead frame strip,
wherein the support supplies a continuous force to the lead frame strip to maintain a curvature of the lead frame strip,
wherein the rigid pre-molded support defines indentations and mesas between the indentations, and
wherein bottom portions of the lens material are inserted into the indentations to secure the LED dies in position.

US Pat. No. 10,168,014

HEAD LAMP APPARATUS

HYUNDAI MOBIS CO., LTD., ...

1. A head lamp apparatus comprising:a light source unit comprising first and second light sources;
a lens separated from the light source unit;
a first optic rod having a first light receiving surface, and configured to emit light received from the first light source toward the lens through a first light emitting surface; and
a second optic rod having a second light receiving surface, and configured to emit light received from the second light source toward the lens through a second light emitting surface,
wherein at least one of the first and second light emitting surfaces is positioned on a Petzval surface of the lens,
wherein at least one of the first and second light emitting surfaces is inclined in a direction away from the Petzval surface.

US Pat. No. 10,168,013

LIGHT MODULE OF LASER HEADLAMP WITH LIGHT CIRCULATION EFFECT

Tan De Tech Co., Ltd., D...

1. A light module of a laser headlamp, comprising at least a laser emitter, a light circulating device, a liquid crystal panel, and a projection lens in sequence, whereinthe laser emitter produces laser rays with a wavelength in a predetermined range;
the light circulating device includes a first polarizer, a first reflector, a wavelength converting layer, a second reflector, and a second polarizer in sequence from an end proximal to the laser emitter to an end proximal to the liquid crystal panel, wherein
the first reflector lets the laser rays with a first polarization pass;
the first reflector reflects the laser rays from the first polarizer to the wavelength converting layer, and reflect the laser rays from the wavelength converting layer to the first polarizer;
the wavelength converting layer converts the laser rays into white laser rays;
the second reflector reflects the white laser rays from the wavelength converting layer to the second polarizer, and reflect the white laser rays from the second polarizer to the wavelength converting layer; and
the second reflector lets the white laser rays with a second polarization pass;
the liquid crystal panel lets the white laser rays from the light circulating device pass, and generates projection rays with a predetermined image; and
the projection lens projects the projection rays with the predetermined image onto a target.

US Pat. No. 10,168,012

MODULAR VAPOR-TIGHT LIGHT FIXTURE

MAXLITE, Inc., West Cald...

1. A modular vapor-tight light fixture comprising:a first vapor-tight light module having:
a first channel housing;
a first lens secured to said first channel housing;
a first plurality of solid state light generating elements arranged between said first lens and said first channel housing;
a first end cap secured to a first end of said first channel housing; and,
a second end cap secured to a second end of said first channel housing,
wherein, said first channel housing including first and second rails which define respectively first and second mounting channels;
a second vapor-tight light module having:
a second channel housing;
a second lens secured to said second channel housing;
a second plurality of solid state light generating elements arranged between said second lens and said second channel housing;
a third end cap secured to a first end of said second channel housing; and,
a fourth end cap secured to a second end of said second channel housing,
wherein, said second channel housing including third and fourth rails which define respectively third and fourth mounting channels; and,
a coupling for connecting said first and second vapor-tight light modules, said coupling having first, second, third, and fourth mounting strip portions configured such that, with said first end cap of said first vapor-tight light module being adjacent to said third end cap of said second vapor-tight light module, said first and second mounting strip portions are simultaneously received respectively in said first and second mounting channels with said third and fourth mounting strip portions being simultaneously received respectively in said third and fourth mounting channels,
wherein said coupling having a generally inverted U-shape with first and second sides, said first and third mounting strip portions extending inwardly from said first side, said second and fourth mounting strip portions extending inwardly from said second side,
wherein said coupling includes at least one releasable lock selectively adjustable between a first state where a compressive force is applied so as to draw said first and second sides closer, and a second state where said compressive force is not applied, and,
wherein said at least one releasable lock includes a locking bar and a handle fixed to said locking bar, a slit being formed in said second side of said coupling with said locking bar extending therethrough, said handle being pivotally mounted to said second side to displace said locking bar such that said locking bar is extendable through said slit.

US Pat. No. 10,168,011

ULTRATHIN LAMP

Zhongshan POSO Lighting C...

1. An ultrathin lamp, comprising a mounting base, a light source plate embedded at the bottom of the mounting base, a lens provided below the light source plate and a diffusion cover provided below the lens;wherein the bottom of the mounting base has a recess in which the light source plate, the lens and the diffusion cover are embedded; a support table including a bottom plate and a curved portion projecting on the bottom plate is provided around the recess; ratio of width of the support table to thickness of the thickest portion of the support table is 5.5 to 10; the curved portion includes a base portion having a circular fillet and an arc portion extending over the base portion; and the ratio of the thickness of the support table to the sum of the thickness of the bottom plate and the base portion of the support table is 1 to 3.

US Pat. No. 10,168,009

LED LAMPS WITH IMPROVED QUALITY OF LIGHT

Soraa, Inc., Fremont, CA...

1. An illumination system comprising:at least one LED device configured in a housing structure, wherein said at least one LED device comprises an n-type region, a light-emitting active region, and a p-type region, said at least one LED device configured to emit LED light having a peak emission wavelength of about 405 nm, said at least one LED device having an external quantum efficiency greater than 45% measured at an ambient temperature of 25° C. and at a current density of 40 A/cm2;
a wavelength conversion material optically coupled to said at least one LED device and configured to emit converted light;
a power source electrically coupled to said at least one LED device; and
wherein said illumination system emits emitted light comprising a combination of said LED light and said converted light, said emitted light has a spectral power distribution (SPD) having a correlated color temperature (CCT) and an International Commission on Illumination (CIE) whiteness, said CIE whiteness being at least equal to a reference CIE whiteness of a blackbody radiator with the same CCT, and wherein said SPD has a first power from 380 nm to 800 nm and a second power from 390 nm to about 430 nm, wherein said second power is at least 4% of said first power.

US Pat. No. 10,168,008

COLOR POINT VARIABLE LIGHT EMITTING APPARATUS

Koninklijke Philips N.V.,...

1. A color point variable light emitting apparatus comprising:a member comprising a wavelength converting element and a non-wavelength converting element, the wavelength converting element is arranged to convert light of a first wavelength into light of a second wavelength and emit the light of the second wavelength, and the non-wavelength converting element is arranged to redirect light of the first wavelength;
a light source having a controllable optical element, the light source is arranged to, with light of a first wavelength, illuminate both a portion of the wavelength converting element and a portion of the non-wavelength converting element; and
a controller arranged to control the controllable optical element,
wherein the controllable optical element is arranged to change the spatial extension of the portion of the wavelength converting element and of the portion of the non-wavelength converting element illuminated by the light source by varying the angular distribution of light of the first wavelength illuminating both a portion of the wavelength converting element and a portion of the non-wavelength converting element.

US Pat. No. 10,168,006

BACKLIGHT MODULE

Au Optronics Corporation,...

1. A backlight module, comprising:a light source suitable for emitting a first light and have an optical axis; and
an optical film group comprising an optical wavelength conversion film adapted to receive the first light and to convert the first light into a second light with different wavelength, the optical wavelength conversion film comprising a first portion and second portions, wherein the first portion of the optical wavelength conversion film is located in the optical axis of the light source, the second portions of the optical wavelength conversion films are respectively located in two sides of the optical axis of the light source, a quantity of the first light received per unit area of the first portion of the optical wavelength conversion film is greater than a quantity of the first light received per unit area of the second portions of the optical wavelength conversion film, and an optical wavelength conversion efficiency of the first portion of the optical wavelength conversion film with respect to the first light is smaller than an optical wavelength conversion efficiency of the second portions of the optical wavelength conversion film with respect to the first light.

US Pat. No. 10,168,005

LED ILLUMINATION DEVICE WITH ARBITRARY BENDING AND FIXING CONNECTOR MODULE

HUNAN YUEGANG MOOKRAY IND...

1. An LED illuminating device with an arbitrary bending and fixing connector module, comprising:a frame member module;
a housing of a lamp, a cover, and a piece-like internal and external cavity wall module;
a housing supporting and molding member module;
a decorative fastening member module;
a screw-in lens and decorative lighting module, in which a lens and a decorative lighting can be replaced arbitrarily;
a plug-in integrated light source module;
a plug-in three-dimensional circuit connector module, configured to be bent and fixed arbitrarily;
a plug-in power supply module;
wherein
the frame member module includes a first cylindrical plastic metal composite part and a snap-in connecting part;
wherein an outer layer of the first cylindrical plastic metal composite part is plastic;
wherein a core of the first cylindrical plastic metal composite part includes a metal strip;
each side surface of the first cylindrical plastic metal composite part includes a first concave snap-in groove structure; wherein the first cylindrical plastic metal composite part has a first end and a second end; wherein the first and second ends each include a second concave snap-in groove structure;
wherein the snap-in connecting part is configured to be a structure to snap in one of the first concave snap-in groove structure and the second concave snap-in groove structure;
wherein the housing of the lamp, is flexible metal piece-like, plastic piece-like, fabric film, paper, or a piece-like module with any combination;
wherein the cover is flexible metal piece-like, plastic piece-like, fabric film, paper, or a piece-like module with any combination;
wherein the piece-like internal and external cavity wall is flexible metal piece-like, plastic piece-like, fabric film, paper, or a piece-like module with any combination;
wherein a piece-like module material is inserted into one of the first concave snap-in groove structure_and the second concave snap-in groove structure in the frame member module to form an internal or external housing of the lamp, or form a closed or unclosed cavity inside the lamp, so as to form the housing of the lamp, the cover, and the piece-like internal and external cavity wall module;
wherein a surface of the piece-like module material is carved, coated, sprayed, or printed with a design;
the housing supporting and molding member module includes a supporting and molding member;
wherein the supporting and molding member has a multilayer piece-like structure;
wherein the number of layers in the multiplayer piece-like structure is N;
wherein N is an odd number equal to or greater than 3;
wherein the multilayer piece-like structure is arranged from top to bottom in an order of one plastic layer and one metal layer in an alternate manner;
wherein the multilayer piece-like structure has an uppermost layer and a lowermost layer
wherein the uppermost layer and the lowermost layer of the multilayer piece-like structure are plastic layers;
wherein a mechanical strength of the supporting and molding member is configured in such a way that the supporting and molding member can be bent or tailored arbitrarily by manpower to form a supporting member of the housing of the lamp, the cover, or a flexible film material of the lamp;
wherein the decorative fastening member module includes a second cylindrical plastic metal composite part, an H-shaped snap-in connecting part, and an L-shaped or U-shaped fastening sealing strip with a snap joint;
wherein the second cylindrical plastic metal composite part has one or more side surfaces and each side surface of the second cylindrical plastic metal composite part is provided with a concave snap-in groove structure;
wherein the H-shaped snap-in connecting part is configured to be a structure snapping in the concave snap-in groove structure of the second cylindrical plastic metal composite part;
a middle portion of each H-shaped snap-in connecting part is provided with a via hole;
the L-shaped or U-shaped fastening sealing strip with the snap joint is configured to snap in an external side surface of the second cylindrical plastic metal composite part;
the screw-in lens and decorative lighting module includes a screw-in secondary light distribution lens;
an internal side of an outer wall of the secondary light distribution lens is fixed to the plug-in integrated light source module in a screw-in manner;
the plug-in three-dimensional circuit connector module includes a connector;
the connector includes a plurality of connecting units;
each connecting unit is provided with a connecting point;
each connecting unit can be bent and fixed arbitrarily;
the plurality of connecting units are connected to each other through the connecting point;
the plug-in integrated light source module comprises at least one lamp bead body, an LED chip and a circuit, and a plug-in component;
a lower part of the lamp bead body is designed as a heat dissipation structure;
an upper part of the lamp bead body is packaged with the LED chip and the circuit;
the plug-in integrated light source module has an integrated whole packaging structure;
wherein the decorative fastening member is fixed in the frame member module;
the plug-in integrated light source module is plugged into the plug-in three-dimensional circuit connector module through the plug-in component and the plug-in three-dimensional circuit connector module is connected to the plug-in power supply module; and
wherein the frame member module and housing surround the light plug-in intergrated source module.