US Pat. No. 10,768,686

ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING AN ACTIVE EDGE

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An electronic device comprising:a tablet having:
a first surface;
a second surface;
a first corner;
a second corner;
a third corner;
a fourth corner;
a first edge;
a second edge, the first and second edges joined by the first corner;
a third edge opposite the second edge, the first and third edges joined by the second corner;
a fourth edge opposite the first edge, the third and fourth edges joined by the third corner, and the second and fourth edges joined by the fourth corner;
a touchscreen display at the first surface;
a processor in the tablet;
memory; and
a battery;
a base having a keyboard;
a hinge to couple the first edge of the tablet to the base, the processor to operate at a first operating condition when the tablet is coupled to the base, the first operating condition associated with a first processor frequency, and the processor to operate at a second operating condition when the tablet is not coupled to the base, the second operating condition associated with a second processor frequency, the first processor frequency faster than the second processor frequency;
an elongated heat conductor extending through a central portion within the tablet toward the first edge, the elongated heat conductor contained within the tablet between the first surface and the second surface of the tablet;
a heat sink between the first surface and the second surface of the tablet and at the first edge of the tablet, the heat sink physically connected to the elongated heat conductor, the heat conductor to provide heat to the heat sink, the heat sink to dissipate heat from the interior of the tablet to the first edge of the tablet;
a first connector at the first edge of the tablet on a first side of the heat sink between the heat sink and the first corner;
a second connector at the first edge of the tablet on a second side of the heat sink between the heat sink and the second corner;
a third connector at the base to releasably physically connect with the first connector; and
a fourth connector at the base to releasably physically connect with the second connector, wherein the first connector, the second connector, the third connector, and the fourth connector are to releasably physically couple the tablet to the base in a clamshell configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,768,685

CONVOLUTIONAL OPERATION DEVICE AND METHOD

SHANGHAI CAMBRICON INFORM...

1. A convolutional operation device, comprising:a Dynamic Voltage Frequency Scaling device, an instruction storage unit, a control unit, a data access unit, an interconnection module, a primary computation module and multiple secondary computation modules, wherein
the instruction storage unit is configured to store an instruction read in by the data access unit;
the control unit is configured to read the instruction from the instruction storage unit and decode the instruction into a control signal for controlling an operation of other modules, where the other modules comprise the data access unit, the primary computation module, and the multiple secondary computation modules;
the data access unit is configured to perform data or instruction read/write operation between an external address space and the convolutional operation device;
the multiple secondary computation modules are configured to implement convolutional operation of input data and convolution kernels in a convolutional neural network algorithm;
the interconnection module is configured for data transfer between the primary computation module and the secondary computation modules;
the primary computation module is configured to splice intermediate vectors of all the input data into an intermediate result and perform subsequent operation on the intermediate result;
the Dynamic Voltage Frequency Scaling device is configured to acquire working state information of the convolutional operation device and send voltage frequency scaling information to the convolutional operation device according to the working state information of the convolutional operation device, where the voltage frequency scaling information is configured to instruct the convolutional operation device to scale its working voltage or working frequency,
wherein the primary computation module includes a first storage unit, a first computation unit, and a first data dependency relationship judgment unit.

US Pat. No. 10,768,683

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR UTILIZING PROXIMITY LIGHTING AND PLUG CONTROLS FOR REAL TIME LOCATION SENSING

BCP CONTROLS, LLC, Waco,...

1. A system for detecting and generating data reflecting locations of a plurality of subjects comprising:a first power controller module, said first power controller module including a first power input interface, a first power output interface, and an intervening, operably connected, integral first power control relay;
said first power control relay being configured for actuation by an integral first power management module operably connected with said first power control relay, said first power management module including an integral first wireless communication receiver and interfaced first microcontroller, said first microcontroller being configured for, in accordance with first commands and operational parameters, upon detection of a first actuating signal, actuating said first control relay to alter first power output through said first power output interface from a first initial power output level to a first altered power output level;
said first power controller module having a first integrated memory, said first integrated memory being configured to store said first commands and operational parameters for effecting said altering of said first power output through said first power output interface, said first integrated memory being operably connected with said first microcontroller;
wherein said first microcontroller is configured for actuation by a first actuation signal from a first RF device, said first actuation signal including a first identification component for identifying said first actuation signal; wherein said first microcontroller is configured for, upon detecting signals that are other than said first actuation signal, reacting other than in response to said first actuation signal; and
said first power management module being further configured for receiving, through a first network transceiver, said first commands and operational parameters from a remote management system for programming said first power management module.

US Pat. No. 10,768,681

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND CONTENT DISPLAY METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A content display method of an electronic device, the content display method comprising:storing information on a hardware decoding mode of an application based on a selection of the hardware decoding mode from among a plurality of decoding modes for video data or audio data;
displaying a screen associated with the application; and
changing a decoding mode of the application to the hardware decoding mode, in response to a detected battery consumption of the application exceeding a threshold logical battery capacity assigned to the application,
wherein the plurality of decoding modes for video data or audio data comprise a software decoding mode and the hardware decoding mode.

US Pat. No. 10,768,679

MEMORY SYSTEM AND CONTROLLER

Toshiba Memory Corporatio...

1. A memory system comprising:a nonvolatile memory;
a controller circuit configured to receive a write command from a host and control the nonvolatile memory; and
a battery configured to store power on the basis of power supplied from an external supply, wherein,
if a completion response for a first write command has not been returned to the host in a case where power becomes unsupplied from the external supply, the controller circuit, using the power stored in the battery, aborts the first write command received from the host.

US Pat. No. 10,768,678

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR REDUCING TRANSIENTS IN DC-DC CONVERTERS

Intersil Americas LLC, M...

1. A voltage converter, comprising:a window comparator;
an inductor current sense signal coupled to a first input of the window comparator;
a window generator including a positive window voltage node coupled to a second input of the window comparator, and a negative window voltage node coupled to a third input of the window comparator;
one or more switches having a plurality of terminals, including at least one terminal coupled to an output of the window comparator;
a PWM signal generator coupled to at least one of the terminals of the one or more switches; and
mode switch-over logic coupled to the terminals of the one or more switches, and including an input coupled to an output of the PWM signal generator.

US Pat. No. 10,768,674

ELECTRONIC DEVICE

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a first body equipped with a display;
a second body connected to the first body by a hinge and including an upper case and a lower case coupled to the upper case;
a through-hole formed in the upper case of the second body;
a touchpad assembly being coupled to the through-hole, the touchpad assembly movable relative to the second body according to a pressure caused by a user;
a protruding portion projecting from a lower surface of the touchpad assembly and facing a lower surface of the upper case;
an elastic member formed on the lower surface of the upper case and positioned between the upper case and the protruding portion;
an elastic plate including a first area coupled to the lower surface of the touchpad assembly and a second area extended from the first area and coupled to the lower surface of the upper case by a fastener; and
a support bar supporting the touchpad assembly,
wherein the support bar includes:
a fixing portion coupled to the second body;
a contacting portion contacting the touchpad assembly; and
a supporting body positioned between the fixing portion and contacting portion,
wherein both ends of the supporting body are bent toward the second body,
wherein the contacting portion delivers an elastic force received through the supporting body, and
wherein the protruding portion in contact with the elastic member is spaced apart from the elastic member in response to pressure applied to the touchpad assembly, the protruding portion returning to a previous position to contact the elastic member when the pressure is no longer applied.

US Pat. No. 10,768,670

CONTROL METHOD, ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM DEVICE

ASUSTEK COMPUTER INC., T...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a first screen, displaying a first image according to a first screen image data stream; a second screen, displaying a second image according to an integrated image data stream; a virtual screen module, generating a virtual screen signal; and a processor, allocating a virtual screen image buffer module according to the virtual screen signal to temporarily store virtual screen image information,
wherein the processor integrates the virtual screen image information comprising image information of an extension picture of the first screen and second screen image information comprising image information of a virtual inputting-tool into the integrated image data stream according to an interface layout information by a direct mode comprising an image processing and outputting mode directly controlled by software rather than by a general operating system, and outputs the first screen image data stream to the first screen and the integrated image data stream to the second screen so that the first image is displayed on the first screen and the second image with the virtual inputting-tool and the extension picture is displayed on the second screen at the same time, wherein the processor integrates the virtual screen image information and second screen image information into the integrated image data stream according to an adjustable integration proportion such that a proportion of the extension picture region on the second screen and a proportion of the virtual inputting tool on the second screen are set according to the adjustable integration proportion.

US Pat. No. 10,768,668

SERVER CONNECTIVITY CONTROL FOR A TELE-PRESENCE ROBOT

INTOUCH TECHNOLOGIES, INC...

1. A telepresence system, comprising:a telepresence device that has a camera and a monitor;
a remote control station that has a camera and a monitor and can connect to and control the telepresence device; and,
a server that controls connectivity between the remote control station and the telepresence device in accordance with one or more connectivity rules, wherein the server includes a user interface that can be accessed by a user to modify the one or more connectivity rules and, when the telepresence device and the remote control station are connected, the monitor of the telepresence device displays an image captured by the camera of the remote control station and the monitor of the remote control station displays an image captured by the camera of the telepresence device.

US Pat. No. 10,768,667

FOLDABLE DISPLAY DEVICE

E Ink Holdings Inc., Hsi...

1. A foldable display device, comprising:a central connector having an abutment post;
a first support structure pivoted to the central connector, and comprising:
a first recess located in the central connector;
a first plate disposed in the first recess;
a first support element movably located over the first plate; and
a plurality of first flexible elements, one of the first flexible elements located between a first end of the first support element and a sidewall of the first recess, and the remaining first flexible elements located between the first plate and a bottom surface of the first recess;
a second support structure pivoted to the central connector, and the second and first support structures respectively located at two opposite sides of the central connector, and the second support structure comprising:
a second recess located in the central connector;
a second plate disposed in the second recess;
a second support element movably located over the second plate; and
a plurality of second flexible elements, one of the second flexible elements located between a first end of the second support element and a sidewall of the second recess, and the remaining second flexible elements located between the second plate and a bottom surface of the second recess;
a cable having two ends respectively connected to the first end of the first support element and the first end of the second support element, and the cable abutting beneath the abutment post; and
a display panel, a portion of the display panel movably disposed over the first support structure, and another portion of the display panel fixed on the second support structure.

US Pat. No. 10,768,665

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ENHANCED TRAINING USING A VIRTUAL REALITY ENVIRONMENT AND BIO-SIGNAL DATA

INTERAXON INC., Toronto ...

1. A training apparatus comprising:an input device and a wearable computing device with a bio-signal sensor, a sensor for measuring movement and a display to provide an interactive continuous virtual reality (“VR”) environment for a user, the VR environment containing virtual elements, the bio-signal sensor receives bio-signal data from the user, the bio-signal sensor comprising a brainwave sensor;
the computing device having or in communication with a processor configured to:
as part of the interactive continuous VR environment, present content on the display where the content includes the virtual elements and has a VR event occurring within the interactive continuous VR environment, the VR event having one or more changes on the virtual elements in the VR environment, the VR event having desired user states;
continuously receive user manual inputs from the input device for user interaction with the virtual elements in the interactive continuous VR environment including during the VR event;
continuously receive the bio-signal data of the user from the bio-signal sensor and the sensor for measuring movement, including during the VR event;
process the bio-signal data to determine user states of the user, including brain states and a user head and eye gaze direction, during the VR event;
determine a user state score by comparing the user states of the user to the desired user states during the course of the VR event; and
modify the interactive continuous VR environment based on the user state score
wherein the user manual inputs are continuously received independent of the user state score.

US Pat. No. 10,768,664

ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING HOUSING AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE HOUSING

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a front plate;
a rear plate facing away the front plate;
a side member disposed to surround a space defined between the front plate and the rear plate, wherein the side member is coupled to the front plate and the rear plate to define a housing, wherein the side member is at least partially made of a metallic material, and wherein the side member comprises:
a first surface facing the front plate,
a second surface facing the rear plate, and
a trench defined in the second surface and facing the first surface;
a polymer structure located in the space, wherein the polymer structure defines at least a portion of a sidewall defining the trench, wherein the polymer structure is disposed on the first surface of the side member and includes a polymer material;
a mechanical button structure disposed in the side member and disposed away from the polymer structure; and
a display arranged in the space to be viewable through the front plate,
wherein the rear plate is seated on the second surface.

US Pat. No. 10,768,663

APPARATUS FOR MOUNTING A PLURALITY OF MONITORS HAVING ADJUSTABLE DISTANCE TO A VIEWER

Xybix Systems, LLC, Litt...

1. A computer monitor mounting apparatus for mounting a plurality of monitors, comprising:a plurality of monitors;
a platform having at least one guide attached thereto, wherein the guide also contacts an upwardly facing surface so that the guide maintains the platform on a predetermined path along the upwardly facing surface positioned below the platform when the platform moves on the upwardly facing surface, the platform including a plurality of spaced apart subplatforms;
a frame extending above the platform and attached thereto for moving with the platform when the platform moves along the predetermined path, the frame providing mountings supporting the plurality of the monitors above the platform;
wherein the guide includes portions that move relative to one another within a space between the upwardly facing surface and the subplatforms;
one or more wheels or rollers for rolling the platform on the upwardly facing surface, wherein the wheels or rollers move over the upwardly facing surface for at least a portion of a travel extent for the wheels or rollers, each wheel or roller having an extent that rotatably contacts the upwardly facing surface when the platform moves along the predetermined path; and
a connector for connecting the subplatforms together, wherein the connector provides an interior that is: (i) between at least two of the subplatforms, and (ii) between an upper boundary of the interior and the upwardly facing surface,
wherein the interior provides storage space on the upwardly facing surface, the interior having a height above the upwardly facing surface of at least three times a height of the space between the upwardly facing surface and the subplatforms, wherein the interior is effective for storing one or more items without interfering with movement of the platform on the predetermined path,
wherein the frame comprises a substantially horizontal lower rail and first and second vertical post segments, the substantially horizontal lower rail having a depth of about 40 millimeters and a height of about 80 millimeters, the first vertical post segment having a height of about 8.75? and interconnecting into a bottom channel of the substantially horizontal lower rail, the second vertical post segment interconnecting into a bottom channel of the substantially horizontal lower rail, said second vertical post segment having a height of about 20? and a first mounting affixed thereto, the first mounting supporting one of the plurality of monitors at a height of about 17.5? above the platform.

US Pat. No. 10,768,661

AUTOMATIC ORIENTATION OF A DISPLAY OF A PORTABLE AIRCRAFT CARGO CONTROL AND MONITOR PANEL

GOODRICH CORPORATION, Ch...

1. A system for automatic orientation of a display for a portable electronic device (PED) of an aircraft, the system comprising:an attitude heading reference system for detecting a first heading information;
a master control panel operably coupled to the attitude heading reference system; and
a portable electronic device operably coupled to the master control panel, wherein the portable electronic device further comprising:
a sensor for detecting a second heading information;
a display; and
a processor operably coupled to the sensor and the display, the processor further configured to:
receiving the first heading information;
receiving the second heading information, wherein the first heading information is different than the second heading information;
comparing the first heading information and the second information; and
modifying an orientation of a presentation of the display based at least in part on the comparison,
wherein the display of the PED includes soft controls for controlling power drive units and freighter common turntables, wherein an orientation of the soft controls is automatically determined based at least in part on the comparison and physical rotation of the PED.

US Pat. No. 10,768,660

LIGHT-EMITTING AUDIO DEVICE, AUDIO OUTPUT DEVICE, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

12. An audio output device, comprising:a substrate;
a plurality of light-emitting audio devices disposed on the substrate; and
a first driver circuit and a second driver circuit driving the plurality of light-emitting audio devices,
wherein each of the plurality of light-emitting audio devices comprises:
a light-emitting diode comprising a first semiconductor layer, a second semiconductor layer, and an active layer disposed between the first semiconductor layer and the second semiconductor layer;
a piezoelectric device comprising a first electrode layer, a second electrode layer, and a piezoelectric material disposed between the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer;
an insulator disposed between the light-emitting diode and the piezoelectric device;
a protective layer disposed on a surface of at least one of the light-emitting diode and the piezoelectric device; and
a plurality of electrodes located on the protective layer to be electrically connected to the light-emitting diode or the piezoelectric device,
wherein at least one electrode among the plurality of electrodes is located in a via-hole which passes through at least one of the active layer and the piezoelectric material.

US Pat. No. 10,768,657

OPERATION DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

ALPS ALPINE CO., LTD., T...

1. An operation device, comprising:an operation unit including an operation body worked by a manipulation of an operator;
a position detecting pan that detects a position of an operation where the operation body is located; and
a display unit that displays an operation position of the operation body,
wherein the operation unit includes
an operation member that includes an operation member manipulated by the operator and having the operation body,
a support body that freely supports the operation of the operation body, and
a movable load applying mechanism that applies a load to the operation body,
in which the operation body includes a movable shaft enabling the operation,
wherein the movable load applying mechanism includes
a movable member that operates in engagement with a movable shaft,
a magnetic generating mechanism that sandwiches the movable member and a gap, and races one side thereof,
a magnetic viscous fluid that exists in at least a part of the gap and whose viscosity changes according to a strength of a magnetic field, and
an operation controlling part that controls the magnetic generation mechanism,
wherein the magnetic generation mechanism includes
a coil that generates a magnetic field by energization by the operation controlling part, and
a first yoke that is provided so as to surround the coil and is disposed on one side of the movable member,
wherein a load curve having a plurality of peak values and a plurality of bottom values of the load is formed depending on a strength of a current value to the coil by the operation controlling part, and
wherein the display unit includes
a display part that displays the operation position, and
a display controlling part that controls a display on the display part, and
a controller that controls the operation controlling part and the display controlling part,
wherein the controller controls the display controlling, part to display, on the display part, a shift state of the operation position in a case of shifting from a first peak value to a first bottom value and from the first bottom value to a next second peak value among the plurality of peak values and the plurality of bottom values.

US Pat. No. 10,768,656

VEHICLE BRAKE PEDAL BOOSTER PUSHROD INTERFACE ASSEMBLY

Volvo Car Corporation, G...

1. A vehicle brake pedal booster pushrod interface assembly, comprising:a pivotable brake pedal arm comprising a protruding peg structure;
an elongate pushrod comprising a clip structure disposed at one end thereof and adapted to pivotably engage the protruding peg structure of the pivotable brake pedal arm; and
a cylindrical sleeve adapted to be rotatably disposed about the protruding peg structure of the pivotable brake pedal arm and be pivotably engaged by the clip structure of the elongate pushrod, wherein the cylindrical sleeve comprises an opposed conical section disposed at either end thereof and separated by a cylindrical center portion.

US Pat. No. 10,768,655

MAXIMIZING OF ENERGY DELIVERY SYSTEM COMPATIBILITY WITH VOLTAGE OPTIMIZATION

Dominion Energy, Inc., R...

1. A control system for an electric power grid configured to supply electric power from a supply point to a plurality of consumption locations, the system comprising:a plurality of sensors, wherein each sensor is located at a respective one of a plurality of distribution locations on the electric power grid at or between the supply point and at least one of the plurality of consumption locations, and wherein each sensor is configured to sense at least one component of a supplied electric power at the respective distribution location and at least one of the plurality of sensors is configured to generate measurement data based on the sensed component of the power;
a controller adapted to receive the measurement data from the sensors and to communicate with at least one component adjusting device to adjust a component of the electric power grid, wherein the controller is adapted to operate the at least one component adjusting device within first upper and lower limits for a first control mode or within second upper and lower limits for a high variation and loading (HVL) control mode, and the controller is adapted to select either first or HVL control modes for each block within a plurality of blocks of the electric power grid; and
wherein the at least one component adjusting device is adapted to adjust a component of the electric power grid based on the measurement data.

US Pat. No. 10,768,653

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR ACTIVELY MANAGING ELECTRIC POWER OVER AN ELECTRIC POWER GRID AND PROVIDING REVENUE GRADE DATA USABLE FOR SETTLEMENT

CAUSAM HOLDINGS, LLC, Ra...

1. A system for managing power information on an electric power grid, comprising:a server processor constructed and configured for communicating Internet Protocol-based (IP-based) messages with a plurality of power consuming devices, wherein the IP-based messages include information relating to activities by the plurality of power consuming devices;
at least one active load client operable to control at least one power consuming device and receive at least one IP-based power reduction message including information relating to an amount of power to be reduced for the at least one power consuming device;
wherein the at least one active load client is further operable to automatically reduce an amount of power supplied to the at least one power consuming device in response to the at least one IP-based power reduction message;wherein the IP-based power reduction message includes instructions for managing power control events:wherein the server processor is operable to transform the information included in the IP-based messages into settlement grade data; and
wherein the settlement grade data includes a quantification of revenue grade power available to be reduced by the activities of the at least one power consuming device and revenue grade power available to be supplied by the activities of the at least one power supplying device; and
wherein the settlement grade data is aggregated to reach a size of at least a single Power Trade Block (PTB) unit to trade and settle the amount of revenue grade power available to be reduced in real time or near real time.

US Pat. No. 10,768,652

INCREASING THE DEMAND REDUCTION EFFECTIVENESS OF AN ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM

Stem, Inc., Millbrae, CA...

1. A computer-implemented method of controlling discharge and charge cycles for an energy storage device, the method comprising:determining that a first time associated with a first command lies within a first phase of a utility measurement interval;
producing a second command from at least the first command and a first discharge value associated with the first time,
determining that the first command comprises a discharge command that specifies a second discharge value,
comparing a magnitude of the second discharge value to a magnitude of the first discharge value, wherein:
the first discharge value is included in a discharge guideline,
the first discharge value is indexed by a first time tick that is included in a plurality of time ticks, and
each time tick included in the plurality of time ticks comprises a predetermined unit of time, and
if the magnitude of the second discharge value is greater than or equal to the magnitude of the first discharge value, then setting the second command equal to the first command, or
if the magnitude of the second discharge value less than to the magnitude of the first discharge value, then generating the second command that specifies the first discharge value;
transmitting, to a power controller, the second command in order to cause the energy storage device to discharge at the first discharge value at a time corresponding to the first time tick;
determining that a second time associated with a third command lies within a second phase of the utility measurement interval;
producing a fourth command from at least the third command and a first charge value associated with the second time, wherein the first charge value is included in a charge guideline; and
transmitting, to the power controller, the fourth command in order to cause the energy storage device to charge.

US Pat. No. 10,768,651

SHUNT CURRENT REGULATOR FOR DOWNHOLE DEVICES

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. An apparatus comprising:a voltage regulator couplable to a tubing encapsulated cable extending downhole from a surface through a wellbore; and
a shunt current regulator to maintain a stable cable current communicatively coupled to the voltage regulator, the shunt current regulator including a sensing element to monitor a current drawn from the tubing encapsulated cable extending downhole,
wherein the shunt current regulator is couplable to a current load.

US Pat. No. 10,768,649

DRIVING VOLTAGE ADJUSTMENT CIRCUIT AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

PEGATRON CORPORATION, Ta...

1. A driving circuit, configured to drive a load circuit in an electronic apparatus, the driving circuit comprising:a voltage-divider circuit, configured to receive N control signals and divide voltages of the N control signals to generate a first voltage, wherein N is an integer greater than or equal to two; and
a converting circuit, coupled to the voltage-divider circuit to receive the first voltage, converting the first voltage into a driving voltage, and driving the load circuit according to the driving voltage,
wherein the converting circuit comprises:
a first stage circuit, configured to receive the first voltage and generate a second voltage accordingly, wherein a voltage value of the first voltage and a voltage value of the second voltage are inverted; and
a second stage circuit, coupled to the first stage circuit to receive the second voltage and generate the driving voltage accordingly, wherein a voltage value of the driving voltage and the voltage value of the second voltage are non-inverted.

US Pat. No. 10,768,647

REGULATORS WITH LOAD-INSENSITIVE COMPENSATION

Atmel Corporation, San J...

1. A device comprising:an amplifier operable to receive an input voltage at a first input and a feedback voltage at a second input;
a follower responsive to an output voltage of the amplifier from an output of the amplifier and operable to supply a regulated voltage to a load that is coupled to the follower and grounded to a ground; and
a feedback circuit coupled to the load and the amplifier and operable to provide the feedback voltage,
wherein the feedback circuit comprises:
a capacitor coupled between the output of the amplifier and the second input of the amplifier, and
a resistor having a first end coupled within the load and between an output of the follower and the ground and a second end coupled to the second input of the amplifier, and
wherein a capacitance of the capacitor and a resistance of the resistor are configured at least partially based on an estimated varying range of the load, such that the amplifier is operable to have a stable and substantially unity gain beyond a resonant frequency of the amplifier.

US Pat. No. 10,768,643

PRESSURE REDUCER FOR ANIMAL DRINKING TROUGHS, AND METHOD FOR ADJUSTING AT LEAST ONE PRESSURE REDUCER FOR ANIMAL DRINKING TROUGHS

1. A pressure reducer (15) for animal drinking troughs, comprising:a housing (16) in which a membrane (17) is provided, said membrane dividing the housing (14) into
a liquid chamber (20) for liquid for supplying the animal drinking troughs, and
a chamber (21) having an adjustable regulating device (33) acting on the membrane (17); and
a regulating valve which is actuatable by the membrane (17) and is assigned to an inlet (27), opening in the liquid chamber (20), for liquid from a liquid supply,
wherein the regulating device (33) is actuatable and/or adjustable with the liquid of the liquid supply, and
wherein the regulating device (33) has at least one hydraulically prestressable spring member having an upper end (35) and a lower end (36), wherein the lower end (36) of the at least one hydraulically prestressable spring member is hydraulically prestressable by the liquid of the liquid supply, and the upper end (35) of the at least one hydraulically prestressable spring member acts on the membrane (17) by pressing against the membrane (17).

US Pat. No. 10,768,642

HIGH PRESSURE MANIFOLD, ASSEMBLY, SYSTEM AND METHOD

MGB OILFIELD SOLUTIONS, L...

1. A manifold system including:at least a first manifold sub-assembly including a low pressure fluid conduit assembly for directing low pressure fluid to one or more target low pressure fluid destinations and a high pressure fluid conduit assembly for receiving high pressure fluid from one or more sources of high pressure fluid, wherein the low pressure fluid conduit assembly has two or more primary flow lines in controlled fluid communication and the high pressure fluid conduit assembly has two or more primary flow lines in controlled fluid communication, each primary flow line having an outlet for the high pressure fluid; wherein the low pressure fluid conduit assembly includes one or more diverting and isolation valves operationally configured to control the flow of fluid between the primary flow lines of the low pressure fluid conduit assembly and wherein the high pressure fluid conduit assembly includes one or more diverting and isolation valves operationally configured to control the flow of fluid between the primary flow lines of the high pressure fluid conduit assembly and a dedicated high pressure bypass line.

US Pat. No. 10,768,640

SELF-ACTUATING DEVICE FOR FACILITATING PREVENTING PRODUCT TIP OVER

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of facilitating preventing product tip over, the method comprising:coupling an anti-tip mechanism to a product to facilitate preventing tip over of the product, the anti-tip mechanism having a retracted state and an extended state, and the anti-tip mechanism including a first outrigger and a second outrigger, the first outrigger extending outward relative to the product in a first direction when extended, and the second outrigger extending outward relative to the product in a second direction when extended, where the first direction and the second direction are opposite directions; and
associating an actuator with the product and operatively coupling the actuator to the anti-tip mechanism, the actuator being configured to automatically switch the anti-tip mechanism from the retracted state to the extended state based on the actuator detecting a tilt of a specified tilt angle;
wherein:
the actuator comprises a weighted cylinder rotatable about an axis in a first direction of rotation and in a second direction of rotation, opposite to the first direction of rotation, and an activation element associated with the weighted cylinder, the weighted cylinder being weighted in a lower portion thereof; and
the actuator switches the anti-tip mechanism to extend the first outrigger the extended state based on the weighted cylinder rotating about the axis in the first direction of rotation due to the product tilting in the first direction by the specified tilt angle, and switches the anti-tip mechanism to extend the second outrigger the extended state based on the weighted cylinder rotating about the axis in the second direction of rotation due to the product tilting in the second direction by the specified tilt angle.

US Pat. No. 10,768,635

HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE AND PLATOONING CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A platooning control method for a hybrid electric vehicle, the method comprising:acquiring, by a wireless communication unit, acceleration information and deceleration information of each of a plurality of vehicles traveling in a platoon form for platooning so as to realize a pulse-and-gliding traveling mode;
determining, by a hybrid control unit, a traveling order of the vehicles during the platooning based on the acceleration information; and
determining, by the hybrid control unit, a time at which to start a glide phase of a following vehicle in the determined traveling order based on a time at which a glide phase of a preceding vehicle starts using the acceleration information and the deceleration information.

US Pat. No. 10,768,634

CONTROL SYSTEM FOR WORK MACHINE, WORK MACHINE, MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR WORK MACHINE, AND MANAGEMENT METHOD FOR WORK MACHINE

Komatsu Ltd., Tokyo (JP)...

1. A control system for a work machine, comprising:a position detecting device configured to detect a position of a work machine that travels on a travel route;
a non-contact sensor configured to detect, in a non-contact manner, an object beside the travel route on which the work machine travels;
a map data generating unit configured to generate management map data indicating a map of a management area in a mine on the basis of detection data obtained by the position detecting device and detection data obtained by the non-contact sensor;
a first storage unit configured to store divided map data pieces each indicating a map of a divided area set by dividing the management area;
a second storage unit different from the first storage unit;
an update unit configured to determine, on the basis of detection data obtained by the position detecting device, specific map data from among a plurality of divided map data pieces stored in the first storage unit, and cause the second storage unit to read the specific map data; and
a position calculating unit configured to calculate a position of the work machine by matching the specific map data read into the second storage unit with detection data obtained by the non-contact sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,768,633

HITCH ASSIST SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

15. A hitch assist system comprising:an imager for capturing one or more images of a hitch assembly and a coupler;
a display generating an image patch based on the one or more images; and
a controller for:
identifying the hitch assembly;
identifying a coupler; and
displaying an overlaid vehicle occupation zone on the display that extends through the hitch assembly, the vehicle occupation zone defining an area in which a vehicle travels to align the hitch assembly with the coupler, wherein the controller determines an offset of the hitch ball relative to the coupler, calculates a first path having a positioning path and an alignment path, maneuvers the vehicle in a predefined distance along the positioning path at a first vehicle speed-setpoint, aligns the hitch ball to the coupler along the alignment path at a second vehicle speed-setpoint, wherein the second vehicle speed-setpoint is less than the first vehicle speed-setpoint, calculates the second path to align the hitch ball to the coupler, detects an obstacle proximate the vehicle, and operates the vehicle along the first path or the second path to avoid the obstacle.

US Pat. No. 10,768,630

HUMAN IMPERCEPTIBLE SIGNALS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A computer-implemented method for utilizing a human imperceptible signal, the method comprising:detecting the human imperceptible signal, wherein the human imperceptible signal includes a hologram and a position of the hologram is dynamically modified based at least in part on a change to at least one characteristic in an environment into which the imperceptible signal is emitted, the at least one characteristic comprising a location of an object in the environment;
analyzing the human imperceptible signal to obtain digital information contained in the human imperceptible signal; and
initiating a response action based at least in part on the digital information.

US Pat. No. 10,768,629

GENERATIVE ADVERSARIAL NETWORK ENRICHED DRIVING SIMULATION

Pony AI Inc., Grand Caym...

8. A system for an autonomous-driving vehicle, comprising:one or more processors; and
memory storing instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the one or more processors to:
create time-dependent three-dimensional (3D) traffic environment data using at least one of real traffic element data and simulated traffic element data;
create simulated time-dependent 3D traffic environmental data by applying a time-dependent 3D generative adversarial network (GAN) model to the created time-dependent 3D traffic environment data, wherein the simulated time-dependent 3D traffic environmental data includes object movement data indicating an irregular movement of one or more objects around a road; and
train a computer-based autonomous driving model using the simulated time-dependent 3D traffic environmental data.

US Pat. No. 10,768,628

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR OBJECT DETECTION AT VARIOUS RANGES USING MULTIPLE RANGE IMAGERY

UATC, LLC, San Francisco...

1. A system comprising:a camera providing a first field of view;
a machine-learned model that has been trained to generate object detection range estimates based at least in part on training data representing image data having a second field of view different from the first field of view; and
a computing system comprising:
one or more processors; and
memory including instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the one or more processors to perform operations, the operations comprising:
obtaining image data from the camera;
inputting the image data from the camera to the machine-learned model;
obtaining a first range estimate as an output of the machine-learned model, wherein the first range estimate represents estimates for the second field of view;
generating a transformed range estimate by applying a range estimate transform to the first range estimate output from the machine-learned model, wherein the range estimate transform transforms the first range estimate into the transformed range estimate based at least in part on a ratio of focal lengths between the second field of view associated with the training data and the first field of view associated with the camera; and
providing the transformed range estimate for use in controlling operation of an autonomous vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,768,627

AUTONOMOUSLY MOVEABLE STORAGE UNITS AND WHEELCHAIR STORAGE SYSTEMS

Toyota Motor North Americ...

1. An autonomously moveable storage unit comprising:one or more processors;
a storage container configured to contain a stored item;
a moveable base coupled to the storage container and communicatively coupled to the one or more processors; and
one or more memory modules communicatively coupled to the one or more processors, wherein the one or more memory modules store logic that, when executed by the one or more processors, causes the autonomously moveable storage unit to:
actuate the moveable base to automatically move the autonomously moveable storage unit including the storage container from a docked position coupled to a wheelchair to an undocked position uncoupled from the wheelchair; and
actuate the moveable base to automatically move the autonomously moveable storage unit from the undocked position to the docked position.

US Pat. No. 10,768,626

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING MULTIPLE AGENTS FOR DECISION MAKING, TRAJECTORY PLANNING, AND CONTROL FOR AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES

TUSIMPLE, INC., San Dieg...

1. A system comprising:a data processor; and
a memory for storing a multiple agent autonomous vehicle control module, executable by the data processor, the multiple agent autonomous vehicle control module being a data processing module configured to perform an autonomous vehicle control operation for an autonomous vehicle, the multiple agent autonomous vehicle control module being partitioned into a plurality of subsystem agents, the plurality of subsystem agents including a deep computing vehicle control subsystem and a fast response vehicle control subsystem, the fast response vehicle control subsystem configured to preempt the deep computing vehicle control subsystem if the fast response vehicle control subsystem and the deep computing vehicle control subsystem are executed by the same data processor, the autonomous vehicle control operation being configured to:
receive a task request from a vehicle subsystem;
determine, by use of the data processor, if the task request is appropriate for the deep computing vehicle control subsystem or the fast response vehicle control subsystem based on content of the task request or a context of the autonomous vehicle;
dispatch, by use of the data processor, the task request to the deep computing vehicle control subsystem or the fast response vehicle control subsystem based on the determination;
cause execution of the deep computing vehicle control subsystem or the fast response vehicle control subsystem by use of the data processor to produce a vehicle control output; and
provide the vehicle control output to a vehicle control subsystem of the autonomous vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,768,625

DRONE CONTROL DEVICE

Alarm.com Incorporated, ...

1. A drone control device comprising:a body;
a motor that is configured to move the body and navigate the body within an interior environment of a property;
a controller module that is configured to control one or more devices of a security system of the property; and
one or more processors configured to:
determine that an emergency condition has likely occurred at the property;
determine a location of a user within the interior environment of the property during the emergency condition determined to have likely occurred at the property,
move the body to the location of the user by providing a signal to the motor,
determine that the body is within a proximity to the location of the user, and
based on determining that the body is within a proximity to the location of the user, provide, for output, an interface that allows the user to submit one or more inputs relating to (i) an alert notification indicating that the emergency condition was determined to likely have occurred at the property, and (ii) a selectable option to provide a communication associated with the alert notification to another entity.

US Pat. No. 10,768,624

UNMANNED AIRCRAFT TURN AND APPROACH SYSTEM

AeroVironment Inc., Simi...

1. An unmanned aircraft system including an aircraft, comprising:a wing system configured to carry the majority of the aircraft weight when in flight;
a plurality of control surfaces configured to control aircraft pitch, aircraft roll and aircraft yaw in flight;
a camera characterized by a field of view, the camera being mounted on a camera pod, wherein the camera pod is only provided with actuators that vary the orientation of the camera field of view in yaw, relative to the aircraft, between a forward-looking orientation defining a forward-looking field of view and a side-looking orientation defining a side-looking field of view; and
a control system programmed to control the control surfaces, and further programmed to control the camera pod actuators to change the camera orientation in yaw, relative to the aircraft;
wherein the control system is programmed with a commit function for use when the camera is observing an identified target that is not in the forward-looking field of view; and
wherein, with the identified target in a camera field of view that is not the forward-looking field of view, the commit function controls the control surfaces and the camera orientation such that the aircraft changes its orientation to bring the identified target into the forward-looking field of view, and the camera continuously maintains the identified target within its field of view.

US Pat. No. 10,768,623

DRONE PATH PLANNING

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A system for drone path planning for a drone, the system comprising:a processor subsystem; and
memory comprising instructions, which when executed by the processor subsystem, cause the processor subsystem to perform the operations comprising:
storing a current location of the drone as a current waypoint in a set of waypoints, the set of waypoints to include the current waypoint and a previous waypoint;
detecting a current set of frontiers from the current location;
storing the current set of frontiers in a list of active goals, the current set of frontiers associated with the current location;
determining whether a target is discovered in the current set of frontiers;
exploring the current set of frontiers to attempt to find the target; and
exploring a previous set of frontiers from the list of active goals, when exploring the current set of frontiers does not discover the target, the previous set of frontiers associated with the previous waypoint.

US Pat. No. 10,768,622

AUTOMATIC TRAVELING WORK VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR MONITORING AUTOMATIC TRAVELING WORK VEHICLE

KUBOTA CORPORATION, Osak...

1. An automatic traveling work vehicle, comprising:position calculation circuitry configured to calculate positions of the automatic traveling work vehicle based on positioning data from a satellite positioning module;
actual work command generation circuitry configured to generate an actual work command to perform a work event at a work position among the positions of the automatic traveling work vehicle;
work control circuitry configured to control the automatic traveling work vehicle to work at the work position according to the actual work command;
virtual work command generation circuitry configured to generate a virtual work command in accordance with the work event at the work position, the automatic traveling work vehicle being not actually controlled according to the virtual work command; and
monitoring circuitry configured to determine whether an abnormality occurs in an operation of the automatic traveling work vehicle based on the actual work command and the virtual work command.

US Pat. No. 10,768,619

USER INTERFACE FOR DISPLAYING INTERNAL STATE OF AUTONOMOUS DRIVING SYSTEM

Waymo LLC, Mountain View...

1. A method of controlling a control computer for a vehicle, the method comprising:receiving, by one or more processors, a first input indicating that a first threshold force has been applied or released;
causing, by the one or more processors, the control computer to enter a ready mode wherein the control computer is controlling an aspect of driving the vehicle and a user is controlling another aspect of driving the vehicle, and wherein the another aspect of driving includes at least one of acceleration of the vehicle or deceleration of the vehicle;
receiving, by the one or more processors, a second input indicating that a second threshold force has been applied or released; and
based on the second input, causing, by the one or more processors, the control computer to switch from the ready mode to a second mode other than the ready mode.

US Pat. No. 10,768,618

VEHICLE DRIVING CONTROL APPARATUS AND VEHICLE DRIVING METHOD

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method for operating a vehicle comprising:generating, by at least one processor, a start trigger signal based on first driving situation information;
in response to the start trigger signal, performing, by the at least one processor, a storage operation that stores in at least one memory (i) driving manipulation data that are generated based on user input from a user of the vehicle, and (ii) navigation data that are generated corresponding to the driving manipulation data;
generating, by the at least one processor, an end trigger signal based on second driving situation information; and
in response to the end trigger signal, stopping, by the at least one processor, the storage operation that stores the driving manipulation data and the navigation data,
wherein performing the storage operation that stores the driving manipulation data and the navigation data comprises:
in a state in which the vehicle is operated based on a user input in a first area, storing, by the at least one processor and in the at least one memory, (i) first driving manipulation data that are generated based on the user input, and (ii) first navigation data that are generated based on the first driving manipulation data, and
in a state in which the vehicle is operated based on a user input in a second area that is adjacent to the first area, storing, by the at least one processor and in the at least one memory, (i) second driving manipulation data that are generated based on the user input, and (ii) second navigation data that are generated based on the second driving manipulation data.

US Pat. No. 10,768,617

DRIVE ASSISTANCE DEVICE AND DRIVE ASSISTANCE METHOD, AND MOVING BODY

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A drive assistance device, comprising:a condition detector configured to detect a first condition of a driver in an automatic driving mode of a vehicle; and
a microcomputer configured to:
control a first timing of a notification of switch of driving modes of the vehicle, wherein
the control of the first timing is based on the detected first condition of the driver, and
the driver corresponds to a first passenger of the vehicle;
notify the switch of the driving modes of the vehicle to the first passenger at the first timing; and
set a second passenger of the vehicle as a new driver of the vehicle based on no reaction of the first passenger to the notification of the switch of the driving modes of the vehicle, wherein
the condition detector is further configured to detect a condition of the new driver, and
the microcomputer is further configured to control, based on the detected condition of the new driver, a second timing of the notification of the switch of the driving modes of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,768,616

PARKING CONTROL METHOD AND PARKING CONTROL DEVICE

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., ...

1. A parking control method for parking a vehicle on a basis of an operation command, comprising:acquiring the operation command from an operator located outside the vehicle;
detecting an obstacle existing around the vehicle;
when detecting the obstacle, notifying the operator of existence of the obstacle and requesting a first input for affirming the existence of the obstacle or a second input for denying the existence of the obstacle; and
when obtaining the first input, calculating a first parking route under a condition that the obstacle exists and parking the vehicle in accordance with a control instruction for moving along the first parking route.

US Pat. No. 10,768,615

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AUTOMATED HOSPITAL BEDS

1. A system for patient management in a facility comprising:a plurality of beds each comprising:
at least two wheels;
at least one motor connected to said wheels;
a controller in electronic communication with said motor; and
a plurality of bed sensors;
a plurality of wall sensors installed within the facility;
a database;
software instructions stored in said database;
a processor;
said processor adapted to execute the software instructions to send a signal to the controller causing the at least one motor to move the bed;
said wall sensors adapted to detect the plurality of beds and transmit real-time bed location data to the processor;
said bed sensors adapted to detect physical objects near the bed and transmit real-time obstruction data to the processor;
said processor adapted to execute the software instructions to:
analyze bed location data and obstruction data; and
route the bed by sending a new signal to the controller; and
wherein said bed automatically stops when an obstruction is detected by said bed sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,768,614

ROBOT SPEECH CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD THEREOF

National Chiao Tung Unive...

1. A robot speech control system, comprising:a robot body comprising a movement device, wherein the movement device comprises a plurality of turning wheels configured to control the robot body to turn or move;
a handheld device comprising a display interface and a speech input interface, and the speech input interface configured to input a speech command which is then converted, by a speech recognition program, into a speech control instruction;
a command receiver disposed in the robot body and electrically connected to the handheld device through a wireless transmission manner, to receive the speech control command;
an ambient sensor disposed on the robot body and configured to detect information associated with environment around the robot body, wherein an auto-dodge program converts the information into an auto-dodge instruction;
a processor electrically connected to the command receiver and the ambient sensor, and configured to receive the speech control instruction and the information associated with the environment, and use Bayesian regression algorithm to calculate a free space probability, so as to let the free space probability serve as a weight Pf of speech command and obtain a weight Pc, of a dodge command by Pc=1?Pf, wherein the processor integrates the speech control instruction Uh and the weight Pf of the speech command, and the auto-dodge instruction Uc and the weight Pc of the dodge command by Us=Pf×Uh+Pc×Uc, to generate a movement control instruction Us; and
a controller electrically connected to the processor and the movement device, and receive the movement control instruction to drive the movement device.

US Pat. No. 10,768,613

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR STREAMING NON-PROCESS EVENT DATA TO COMPUTING DEVICES

FISHER-ROSEMOUNT SYSTEMS,...

1. A process control system of a process plant, the process control system comprising:one or more networks;
an external interface server communicatively coupled to the one or more networks, the external interface server configured to identify non-process event data values based on non-process events received from one or more non-process event data sources;
a controller communicatively coupled to the one or more networks and a field device in the process plant, the controller configured to:
generate one or more alarms or alerts corresponding to the non-process event data values identified by the external interface server; and
subsequently generate, based on the one or more alarms or alerts, a command signal for controlling the field device; and
an operator device communicatively coupled to the one or more networks, the operator device configured to display the one or more alarms or alerts or the corresponding non-process event data values in accordance with a display object governing a manner in which the one or more alarms or alerts or the corresponding non-process event data values are to be displayed on an operator interface of the operator device.

US Pat. No. 10,768,611

COUNTER AND TIMER CONSTRAINTS

Applied Materials, Inc., ...

7. A control system for a semiconductor processing facility comprising:a memory comprising computer readable instructions; and
a processor, coupled to the memory, to receive the computer readable instructions, and to cause the control system to:
provide a first task by a scheduling system executed on a computing device, to a dispatcher executed on the computing device, the first task comprising providing a semiconductor wafer to a first semiconductor equipment station and processing the semiconductor wafer on the first semiconductor equipment station to produce a first semiconductor product, a variable comprising a start time, and a domain comprising a range of allowed values of the variable;
receive, by the scheduling system of the computing device, lot status data and equipment status data from a manufacturing execution system (MES);
create a counter constraint for a second task, by the scheduling system of the computing device, the counter constraint comprising a counter having an initial value set to track a completion of the second task, that the first semiconductor equipment station correctly produced the first semiconductor product based on the received lot status data, wherein testing is performed at a second semiconductor equipment station and the counter constraint evaluates when to electively utilize the first semiconductor equipment station for manufacturing the semiconductor products;
create an update, by the scheduling system of the computing device, to change the initial value of the counter from a first value to a second value when the first task is completed and an update time indicating when an action to update the counter takes place has a value less than a threshold in relation to a first restriction for the first task, and applying the first restriction for the first task and pausing resumption of semiconductor manufacturing at the first semiconductor equipment station, the first restriction comprising a limitation imposed on the counter;
trigger a scheduling action, by the scheduling system of the computing device, to execute the first task in the first semiconductor equipment station based on the counter constraint to process the semiconductor wafer on the first semiconductor equipment station at the start time;
execute the first restriction, by the scheduling system of the computing device, to trigger a pause in processing on the first semiconductor equipment station based on the initial value of the counter, such that the value of the counter is compared to the threshold at the start time of the first task and the value of the counter is greater than or equals the threshold of the first restriction;
monitor, by a counter updator executed by the scheduling system of the computing device, events on the first semiconductor equipment station and the second semiconductor equipment station to determine when the value of the counter is updated to the second value; and
trigger resumption of the first task, by the scheduling system of the computing device, once the second value of the counter is reached by receiving completion of the testing, the resumption of the first task comprising resuming semiconductor manufacturing and processing a second semiconductor wafer on the first semiconductor equipment station based on the second value of the counter.

US Pat. No. 10,768,609

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONSUMER HOME PROJECTS ORDERING AND FABRICATION

1. A method, comprising:providing an interface to receive customer interactions from a customer wishing to evaluate a project, said project including one or more components to be formed of a wood or wood-like material to be fabricated from at least one of a sheet material and a piece of dimensional lumber, said interface permitting said customer to evaluate said project by interacting selectively with at least one of:
a database comprising projects that can be assembled from components fabricated on a tandem machine system that incorporates a capability to machine wood-based components regardless whether derived from sheet material or from dimensional lumber; and
a CAD (Computer Aided Design) module that assists said customer to develop a new design for said project or a modification of an existing design already in said database, said CAD module selectively providing a set of instructions to be transmitted to said tandem machine system to form components on said tandem machine system;
calculating, using a processor on a computer, an estimated price for said project if said one or more components for said projects were fabricated using said tandem machine system; and
outputting said estimated price as an output of said interface,
wherein, upon a final selection by the customer of an existing previously-designed project, a new project, or a modification of an existing project in said database, said system further selectively provides a set of instructions for said tandem machine system for fabricating the wood-based components of the customer's final selection, and
wherein the tandem machine system comprises:
a first machine for executing machining requirements for sheet material stock, said first machine being configured to selectively implement two-dimensional machining operations on a piece of sheet material stock, including curvilinear shapes; and
a second machine for executing machining requirements for dimensional wood stock, said second machine being configured to selectively implement machining operations at either end of a piece of dimensional wood stock by selectively moving the piece of dimensional wood stock in fore and aft directions along a longitudinal axis of the piece of dimensional wood stock,
wherein the processor determines the estimated price for said project if said one or more components for said projects were fabricated using said tandem machine system, and the processor outputs said estimated price as an output of said interface,
wherein at least one computer is for providing the interface with the customer to input inquiries and design choices directed to a project having at least one component to be machined in the tandem machine system in which the wood-based project component can be fabricated, regardless whether the component is based on dimensional stock or on sheet material stock, said customer interacting with either the database showing previously-designed projects for implementation using said tandem machine or a CAD (Computer Aided Design) module to develop a new project or a modification of a project in said database, and
wherein, upon a final selection by the customer of an existing previously-designed project, a new project, or a modification of an existing project in said database, said system further selectively provides a set of instructions via the CAD module to selectively control the first machine and the second machine for cutting, shaping, and forming of wooden components for said tandem machine system to fabricate the customer's final selection, thereby providing an end-to-end integrated system that is completely integrated to selectively permit the customer to consider different options for an intended project and to have all wood-based components of the intended project fabricated and ready to be picked up at a specific location, andwherein said first machine comprises:a support frame;
a plurality of backing plates supported by said support frame, said plurality of backing plates being supported to be slightly backward leaning;
a plurality of rollers along a base of said first machine, upon which a sheet of material can slide substantially along a longitudinal axis of said first machine;
a plurality of clamping rollers along a top of said first machine, for clamping said sheet of material firmly to said plurality of rollers along the base;
at least two rotating yoke assemblies that can be selectively rotated into a position to hold said sheet of material against said backing plates;
an upper horizontal guide rail and a lower horizontal guide rail, each mounted on said support frame substantially along said longitudinal axis;
at least two vertical guide rails, interconnected together and movably attached between said upper and lower horizontal guide rails; and
a moveable tooling platform movably attached to said at least two vertical guide rails,
wherein each of said rotating yoke assemblies comprises servo-controlled manipulator rollers for selectively moving said sheet material along said plurality of rollers in either a forward direction or a reverse direction,
wherein said moveable tooling platform is selectively movable in a direction perpendicular to said longitudinal axis, along said at least two vertical guide rails, using servo-controlled actuators, and
wherein said at least two vertical guide rails is selectively movable as a unit along said longitudinal axis, along said upper and lower horizontal guide rails, using servo-controlled actuators.

US Pat. No. 10,768,607

MACHINING DEVICE AND CORRECTION VALUE DETERMINATION METHOD

DGSHAPE CORPORATION, Shi...

1. A machining device placed in a space of an XYZ rectangular coordinate system capable of positioning a plurality of components of the machining device using a detection tool, and determining a correction value for a coordinate value of a measurement point that is pre-set for the positioning, the machining device comprising:a clamp that is capable of selectively clamping one of a machining tool and a detection tool;
a spindle provided on the clamp and extending in a Z-axis direction;
a support that is capable of selectively supporting one of a workpiece and a correction jig;
a conveyor that is capable of moving the clamp in three-dimensional directions relative to the support; and
a controller; wherein
an X reference point located at an end in an X-axis direction and a Y reference point located at an end in a Y-axis direction are pre-set on a surface of either one of the correction jig and the support; and
the controller includes:
a storage to store a design length of the detection tool;
an X correction value determiner to determines an X correction value, which is the correction value for the X-axis direction, based on an X coordinate value obtained when the detection tool clamped by the clamp is brought into contact with the X reference point;
a Y correction value determiner to determine a Y correction value, which is the correction value for the Y-axis direction, based on a Y coordinate value obtained when the detection tool clamped by the clamp is brought into contact with the Y reference point;
an actual length determiner to determine an actual length in the Z-axis direction of the detection tool clamped by the clamp by measuring the actual length of the detection tool; and
a Z correction value determiner to determine a Z correction value, which is the correction value for the Z-axis direction, based on the X correction value, the Y correction value, the actual length of the detection tool and the design length of the detection tool.

US Pat. No. 10,768,605

AUGMENTED REALITY (AR) BASED FAULT DETECTION AND MAINTENANCE

ACCENTURE GLOBAL SOLUTION...

1. An Augmented Reality (AR)-based fault detection and maintenance system comprising:at least one processor;
a non-transitory computer readable medium storing machine-readable instructions that cause the at least one processor to:
receive real-time video feed from a remote user device, the real-time video feed transmitting video of a facility including equipment;
identify from the real-time video feed, using a trained AI-based object identifier, a faulty equipment to be worked on by a user associated with the user device;
determine a context level that is currently applicable based on a state of the faulty equipment as detected in the real-time video feed, the current context level is one of a plurality of context levels corresponding to different states of the faulty equipment;
provide AR simulations corresponding to resolution steps associated with the current context level, wherein the AR simulations include projections on an image of the faulty equipment on a screen of the user device and the AR simulations include one or more of audio and video animations correspoding to instructions that guide the user on acts to be executed per the resolution steps of the current context level;
detect when the user has completed the acts for the resolution steps associated with the current context level;
repeat the steps of determining the current context level, providing the AR simulations enabling the user to execute the acts associated with the resolution steps corresponding to the current context level and detecting when the user has completed the acts until no further context levels remain to be processed,
wehrein the resolution steps of at least one context level of the plurality of context levels cause the at least one processor to:
obtain using the trained AI-based object identifier, an input image from the real-time video feed, the input image including a component to be repaired within the faulty equipment;
classify the input image into one of a plurality of fault classes using an AI-based fault identifier;
detect a fault associated with the component in the input image using historical data specific to the equipment and further based on weights associated with attributes of the component; and
provide within the AR simulations corresponding to the at least one context level, instructions to the user for one of repair and maintenance of the faulty component.

US Pat. No. 10,768,604

METHOD FOR USING A GEOMETRICAL PROBE WITH A SPINDLE OF A MACHINE TOOL, AND MACHINE TOOL CONFIGURED TO CARRY OUT SUCH A METHOD

GF MACHINING SOLUTIONS AG...

1. A method for using a geometrical probe with a spindle of a machine tool, comprising whereinin a probe fetch waiting state of the machine tool, at least one temperature parameter related to a temperature of the spindle of the machine tool is determined by measuring at least one temperature value for the spindle, and
a time for fetching the geometrical probe is determined depending on the at least one temperature parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,768,603

NUMERICAL CONTROLLER CAPABLE OF CORRECTING A DEVIATION AMOUNT OF A WORKPIECE

Fanuc Corporation, Yaman...

1. A numerical controller for correcting automatically an offset value corresponding to an offset number based on a deviation amount corresponding to a difference between a theoretical value and a measured value obtained on processing a workpiece, the numerical controller comprising:a machining unit for storing a machining path of the workpiece and the effective offset number during machining of the machining path in association with each other;
a measurement unit for storing a deviation amount applied to the workpiece and a measurement point at which the deviation amount is detected in association with each other; and
a correction unit for correcting the offset value corresponding to the offset number based on the deviation amount corresponding to the machining path around the measurement point,
wherein the correction unit identifies the offset number at the time of the machining in a vicinity of the measurement point at which the deviation amount is detected, and corrects an offset value corresponding to the offset number associated with a path closest to the measurement point at which the deviation is detected.

US Pat. No. 10,768,602

CURVE VELOCITY PLANNING METHOD, DEVICE, AND NUMERICAL CONTROL MACHINING ROUTE DATA PROCESSING METHOD THEREOF

1. A numerical control machining route data processing method, comprising:obtaining numerical control machining route data with a NURBS (non-uniform rational B-splines) curve;
obtaining an acceleration within a parameter step length on the NURBS curve;
comparing the acceleration of everywhere of the NURBS curve with a maximum allowable acceleration to determine an acceleration sensitive point and determining an acceleration sensitive interval based on the determined acceleration sensitive point;
determining an intermediate point of the acceleration sensitive interval as a demarcation point of the acceleration and the deceleration within the sensitive interval;
calculating a velocity value of the intermediate point as a target velocity; and
planning the acceleration and deceleration of the acceleration sensitive interval based on the target velocity to obtain the numerical control machining route data with the planned NURBS curve;
wherein the comparing the acceleration of everywhere of the NURBS curve with the maximum allowable acceleration to determine the acceleration sensitive point and determining the acceleration sensitive interval based on the determined acceleration sensitive point comprises:
calculating a curvature 1/?i of everywhere of the NURBS curve and determining a maximum allowable velocity curve based on a constraint condition of a chord height error ?max and a constraint condition of a centripetal acceleration amax; and
calculating the acceleration ai within each parameter step length ?ui, determining an end point of the parameter step length corresponding to the acceleration with a minimum difference from the maximum allowable acceleration as the acceleration sensitive point when the acceleration ai within the parameter step length ?ui is greater than the maximum allowable acceleration and the acceleration ai+n within the parameter step length ?ui+n is smaller than the maximum allowable acceleration, and determining the acceleration sensitive interval based on the determined acceleration sensitive point.

US Pat. No. 10,768,601

PROGRAMMABLE CONTROLLER

KABUSHIKI KAISHA YASKAWA ...

1. A programmable controller, comprising:a plurality of interface circuitry modules; and
a plurality of CPU modules,
wherein an interface circuitry module of the interface circuitry modules is configured to transmit a potential signal having an electric potential state of a plurality of different electric potential states to a CPU module of the plurality of CPU modules, the CPU module is connectable to a second CPU module of the plurality of CPU modules and includes a CPU configured to perform arithmetic processing and a memory that is configured to store discrimination information and definition information, the discrimination information includes binarized information indicating whether the CPU in the CPU module is a main CPU or a sub CPU, the discrimination information is set based on the electric potential state of the potential signal that is input into the CPU module from the interface circuitry module to which the CPU module is connected, and the definition information includes setting information indicating whether the CPU in the CPU module is set in advance as the main CPU or the sub CPU, the CPU in the CPU module being set as the main CPU or the sub CPU based on whether the interface circuitry module includes a slave rack extension module, the CPU in the CPU module being set as the sub CPU when the CPU module is connected to the interface circuitry module and the interface circuitry module includes the slave rack extension module, and the CPU in the CPU module being set as the main CPU when the CPU module is connected to the interface circuitry module and the interface circuitry module does not include the slave rack extension module, and
wherein when the CPU module of the plurality of CPU modules is connected to the second CPU module of the plurality of CPU modules and the CPU in the CPU module is set as the sub CPU when the CPU module is connected to the interface circuitry module and the interface circuitry module includes the slave rack extension module, a second CPU of the second CPU module is also set as a sub CPU.

US Pat. No. 10,768,600

SYSTEMS AND METHODS TO FACILITATE PERMANENTLY MARKING A HOUSING COMPONENT FOR A FLUID CONTROL SYSTEM PRODUCT

Engineered Controls Inter...

1. A system comprising:a first processor configured to receive fixed information;
a second processor configured to:
receive the fixed information from the first processor,
generate variable information,
control a laser engraver to engrave the fixed and variable information into a workpiece,
generate an information packet including the fixed information and the variable information, and
transmit the information packet to the first processor; and
a printer including a third processor configured to receive the information packet from the first processor and print the information packet onto a label;
wherein the second processor is configured to update the variable information for subsequent workpieces.

US Pat. No. 10,768,599

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONFIGURATION OF MACRO COMMANDS IN A CONTROLLING DEVICE

Universal Electronics Inc...

1. A non-transitory, computer readable media having instructions stored thereon, the instructions, when executed by a processing device, performing steps comprising:causing an exact image of an original equipment manufacturer remote control device that is provided with a target device to be displayed in a display device, where the exact image includes images of buttons that would be used to control controllable functions of the target device;
accepting a first input by which one or more of the displayed images of buttons of the displayed exact image are selected; and
using the selection of the one or more displayed images of buttons of the displayed exact image to assign one or more commands to a macro button of a controlling device where the macro button of the controlling device is activable to cause a transmission by the controlling device of the assigned one or more commands.

US Pat. No. 10,768,598

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR EASE OF GRAPHICAL DISPLAY DESIGN WORKFLOW IN A PROCESS CONTROL PLANT

FISHER-ROSEMOUNT SYSTEMS,...

1. A graphical configuration system for a process control system of a process plant, the graphical configuration system comprising:a graphical configuration application comprising a set of machine-executable instructions stored on one or more memories and executing, via one or more processors, in an configuration environment of the process control system of the process plant, the graphical configuration application providing a user interface via which a draft of a configuration of a display view is presented,
the display view configuration defining respective links between one or more graphical elements included on the display view and one or more control elements included in an operating environment of the process control system of the process plant so that, upon download and execution of the display view at a user interface device included in the operating environment, respective indications of one or more values that are generated by the one or more control elements while executing in the operating environment of the process control system to control the process at the process plant are presented and repeatedly updated at the executing display view; and
the graphical configuration application providing, via the user interface, a validation tool configured to:
validate, within the configuration environment and prior to a publication of the draft of the display view configuration, at least one of a runtime appearance or runtime behavior of the draft of the display view configuration, the validation of the draft of the display view configuration based on data provided by one or more data sources that are included in the process control system and that are external to the draft of the display view configuration, wherein publications of display view configurations are allowed to be provided to the operating environment for execution; and
present one or more results of the validation of the draft of the display view configuration at the user interface of the graphical configuration application.

US Pat. No. 10,768,597

METHOD AND CONTROLLER FOR FLEXIBLE PROCESS CONTROL

1. A method for process control, having a control device that is connected to at least one process device, wherein at least one first and one second data processing module are executed by the control device during operation, wherein an operating program of the control device automatically implements an exchange of data between assigned data objects of the first and the second data processing module and wherein the assignment between the data objects of the first and the second data processing modules is modified during the operation of the control device in order to modify the process control, wherein the assignment between the data objects is modified while the control device is executing its control tasks and influences the process, wherein:the first data processing module is a control program executed by the control device, the data objects of which are formed by program variables, and wherein one memory area in a data memory of the control device is reserved for each program variable during the execution of the control program, and wherein:
the second data processing module is a communication interface of the control device for communication with process devices, the data objects of which are formed by process data objects managed by the operating program, and wherein one memory area in a data storage device of the control device is reserved for each process data object during the operation of the control device,
wherein the assignments between the data objects of the data processing modules are determined in at least one of the assignments files saved in the control device, the same comprising a list of the respectively assigned data objects, and
wherein:
the current assignments file is transmitted from the control device to a separate operating device,
the received assignments file is modified on the operating device,
the modified assignments file is transmitted from the operating device back to the control device, and
as a response to the receipt of the modified assignments file, the data objects can be assigned by the control device during ongoing operation according to the modified assignments file.

US Pat. No. 10,768,596

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS

Strong Force IOT Portfoli...

1. A system for data collection, processing, and utilization of signals from at least a first element in a first machine in an industrial environment, the system comprising:a platform including a computing environment connected to a local data collection system having at least a first sensor signal and a second sensor signal obtained from at least the first machine in the industrial environment;
a first sensor in the local data collection system configured to be connected to the first machine;
a second sensor in the local data collection system; and
a crosspoint switch in the local data collection system having multiple inputs and multiple outputs including a first input connected to the first sensor and a second input connected to the second sensor, wherein the multiple outputs include a first output and a second output configured to be switchable between a condition in which the first output is configured to switch between delivery of the first sensor signal and the second sensor signal and a condition in which there is simultaneous delivery of the first sensor signal from the first output and the second sensor signal from the second output, wherein each of multiple inputs is configured to be individually assigned to any of the multiple outputs, wherein the local data collection system includes multiple data acquisition units each having an onboard card set configured to store calibration information and maintenance history of a data acquisition unit in which the onboard card set is located,
wherein the platform includes cloud-based, machine pattern analysis of state information from multiple sensors to provide anticipated state information for the industrial environment, and
wherein the local data collection system includes a wearable haptic user interface for an industrial sensor data collector with at least one of vibration, heat, electrical, and sound outputs.

US Pat. No. 10,768,595

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS

Strong Force IOT Portfoli...

1. A system for data collection, processing, and utilization of signals from at least a first element in a first machine in an industrial environment, the system comprising:a platform including a computing environment connected to a local data collection system having at least a first sensor signal and a second sensor signal obtained from at least the first machine in the industrial environment;
a first sensor in the local data collection system configured to be connected to the first machine;
a second sensor in the local data collection system; and
a crosspoint switch in the local data collection system having multiple inputs and multiple outputs including a first input connected to the first sensor and a second input connected to the second sensor, wherein the multiple outputs include a first output and a second output configured to be switchable between a condition in which the first output is configured to switch between delivery of the first sensor signal and the second sensor signal and a condition in which there is simultaneous delivery of the first sensor signal from the first output and the second sensor signal from the second output, wherein each of multiple inputs is configured to be individually assigned to any of the multiple outputs, wherein the local data collection system includes multiple data acquisition units each having an onboard card set configured to store calibration information and maintenance history of a data acquisition unit in which the onboard card set is located,
wherein the platform includes cloud-based, machine pattern analysis of state information from multiple sensors to provide anticipated state information for the industrial environment, and
wherein the platform is configured to provide self-organization of data pools based on at least one of utilization metrics and yield metrics.

US Pat. No. 10,768,594

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS

Strong Force IOT Portfoli...

1. A system for data collection, processing, and utilization of signals from at least a first element in a first machine in an industrial environment, the system comprising:a platform including a computing environment connected to a local data collection system having at least a first sensor signal and a second sensor signal obtained from at least the first machine in the industrial environment;
a first sensor in the local data collection system configured to be connected to the first machine;
a second sensor in the local data collection system; and
a crosspoint switch in the local data collection system having multiple inputs and multiple outputs including a first input connected to the first sensor and a second input connected to the second sensor, wherein the multiple outputs include a first output and a second output configured to be switchable between a condition in which the first output is configured to switch between delivery of the first sensor signal and the second sensor signal and a condition in which there is simultaneous delivery of the first sensor signal from the first output and the second sensor signal from the second output, wherein each of multiple inputs is configured to be individually assigned to any of the multiple outputs, wherein the local data collection system includes multiple data acquisition units each having an onboard card set configured to store calibration information and maintenance history of a data acquisition unit in which the onboard card set is located,
wherein the local data collection system is configured to manage data collection bands, and
wherein the local data collection system includes a graphical user interface system configured to manage the data collection bands.

US Pat. No. 10,768,593

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS

Strong Force IOT Portfoli...

1. A system for data collection, processing, and utilization of signals from at least a first element in a first machine in an industrial environment, the system comprising:a platform including a computing environment connected to a local data collection system having at least a first sensor signal and a second sensor signal obtained from at least the first machine in the industrial environment;
a first sensor in the local data collection system configured to be connected to the first machine;
a second sensor in the local data collection system; and
a crosspoint switch in the local data collection system having multiple inputs and multiple outputs including a first input connected to the first sensor and a second input connected to the second sensor, wherein the multiple outputs include a first output and a second output configured to be switchable between a condition in which the first output is configured to switch between delivery of the first sensor signal and the second sensor signal and a condition in which there is simultaneous delivery of the first sensor signal from the first output and the second sensor signal from the second output, wherein each of multiple inputs is configured to be individually assigned to any of the multiple outputs, wherein the local data collection system includes multiple data acquisition units each having an onboard card set configured to store calibration information and maintenance history of a data acquisition unit in which the onboard card set is located,
wherein the local data collection system is configured to manage data collection bands, and
wherein the local data collection system is configured to create data acquisition routes based on hierarchical templates that each include the data collection bands related to machines associated with the data acquisition routes.

US Pat. No. 10,768,592

CONTROL APPARATUS FOR INDUSTRIAL PLANT DATA PROCESSING AND ASSOCIATED METHODS

1. A control apparatus comprising:memory comprising a database having data on industrial plant performance, each datum associated with a location;
a display configured to display a map comprising a selected first geographical area, the first geographical area including a first subset of the corresponding locations in the database;
a processor configured to perform a first statistical analysis on the industrial plant performance data associated with the first subset of the corresponding locations in the database, and to enable display of results of the first statistical analysis on the displayed map;
a graphical user interface controller configured to allow the user to change the selected geographical area displayed from the first geographical area to a second geographical area, the second geographical area including a second subset of the corresponding locations in the database, the second subset being different from the first subset; and
wherein the processor is configured, in response to a change in the geographical area being selected, to perform dynamically a second statistical analysis on the industrial plant performance data associated with locations within the second selected geographical area and dynamically to enable display of results of the second statistical analysis on the displayed map.

US Pat. No. 10,768,591

BEHAVIOR IDENTIFICATION DEVICE, AIR CONDITIONER, AND ROBOT CONTROL DEVICE

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. An air conditioner comprising:a behavior identification device that identifies a behavior of a target using a sensor value measured by a sensor for the behavior of the target, the behavior identification device including:
processing circuitry configured to obtain the sensor value and calculate a sensor value distribution that is a distribution of the sensor value measured within a predetermined time,
a component memory that stores therein a set of basic distributions that are basic components constituting the sensor value distribution, and
a component ratio memory, wherein
the processing circuitry is configured to calculate a first component ratio that is a ratio of each of the basic distributions included in the sensor value distribution,
the component ratio memory stores therein a second component ratio that is the ratio determined in association with a behavior to be identified,
the processing circuitry is configured to compare the first component ratio to the second component ratio to identify the behavior,
the basic distribution is calculated as a sensor value distribution that is a base when each sensor value distribution is assumed to be a vector based on a set of the sensor value distributions obtained in advance for each of a plurality of types of the behavior, and
the air conditioner identifies a biological index corresponding to the behavior of the target to control an operation of an outdoor unit or an indoor unit.

US Pat. No. 10,768,590

PLANT OPERATION SUPPORT DEVICE, PLANT OPERATION SUPPORT METHOD, AND A PROGRAM DEVICE

Yokogawa Electric Corpora...

1. A plant operation support device for predicting a concentration of components that determines quality of a product to be produced in a plant by a simulation based on measurement data obtained from a field device arranged in the plant, comprising:at least one memory storing instructions, and
at least one processor configured to execute the instructions to:
operate in parallel synchronizing with the plant and perform a simulation with obtaining the measurement data from the field device to estimate a state quantity that has not been measured in the plant;
estimate periodically performance parameter of devices used for the estimation of the state quantity based on the measurement data obtained from the field device;
set beforehand a plurality of operation conditions of the plant in a case in which the plant is operated near a limit of a product specification of the product and a plurality of timings for applying each of the plurality of operation conditions, the plurality of operation conditions being setting values relating to control of the plant;
predict, based on the estimated state quantity, a transient state of the plant from a specific time point to a future time point by the simulation in a case in which the plurality of operation conditions set beforehand are applied at the plurality of timings, the specific time point being selectable between a present time and a previous time when a previous transient state prediction is performed, a present operating state being made to be an initial state in a case in which the present time is selected, an operating state used by the previous transient state prediction being made to be an initial state in a case in which the previous time is selected;
set a re-setting value input by a user as at least one of the plurality of operation conditions at a timing input by the user in the middle of one processing of the transient state prediction and continue the one processing of the transient state prediction;
predict, by the simulation based on the estimated state quantity, a stationary state that is a final destination of an operating state of the plant in a case where the plurality of operation conditions set beforehand are applied at the plurality of timings,
generate a trend graph that is made from time series of a prediction result of the concentration in the transient state and the stationary state; and
display the generated trend graph and the limit of the product specification of the product in a screen.

US Pat. No. 10,768,589

BUILDING AUTOMATION SYSTEM WITH GEO-FENCING

Ademco Inc., Golden Vall...

1. An apparatus for providing building automation, the apparatus comprising a building automation controller implemented in circuitry and configured to:determine, based on a first message from a first mobile device, whether the first mobile device is positioned within a first geofence configured for a first sensitivity of a first user's location as determined by the first mobile device relative to a building;
determine, based on a second message from a second mobile device, whether the second mobile device is positioned within a second geofence configured for a second sensitivity of a second user's location as determined by the second mobile device relative to the building, wherein the first sensitivity is higher than the second sensitivity; and
adjust an operating parameter at the building based on the determination of whether the first mobile device is positioned within the first geofence and on the determination of whether the second mobile device is positioned within the second geofence.

US Pat. No. 10,768,588

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A PLURALITY OF VISUAL INDICATING ELEMENTS OF AT LEAST ONE ELECTRONIC DEVICE

1. An apparatus for controlling a plurality k of visual indicating elements of at least one electronic device, where k?2, wherein each of the indicating elements is configured to emit light for visual indication of an operating status of the at least one electronic device or individual components of the at least one electronic device or both the at least one electronic device and individual components of the at least one electronic device, the apparatus comprising:at least one evaluation and control unit connected to the indicating elements to control intensities of light emitted from the indicating elements during a normal operating mode to cause the indicating elements to emit light having defined intensities, and to control the intensities of the light emitted from the indicating elements during an operating action of the at least one electronic device to visually accentuate one or more of the indicating elements that are assigned to the operating action by changing relative intensities of the light emitted from the indicating elements such that the intensities of those indicating elements that are assigned to the operating action are unchanged in comparison to the normal operating mode and such that the intensities of others of the indicating elements are decreased in comparison to the normal operating mode.

US Pat. No. 10,768,587

SMART REPLAY IN MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

Siemens Industry, Inc., ...

1. A method for creating a replay in a graphical user interface of a building management system comprising the steps of:maintaining a system manager application in a data processing system of a management system configured to perform building management system functions and to provide a graphical user interface; and
running the system manager application to:
receive replay criteria;
identify any replay devices, replay sensors, replay actuators, and replay functions corresponding to the replay criteria;
identify a replay time period corresponding to the replay criteria;
gather replay data for the identified replay devices, replay sensors, replay actuators, or replay functions corresponding to the replay criteria that was generated during the replay time period, wherein the replay data is gathered in response to detecting a room temperature exceeding a set point; and
display the replay in the graphical user interface according to the replay data.

US Pat. No. 10,768,586

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR BACKGROUND ELEMENT SWITCHING FOR MODELS IN MODEL PREDICTIVE ESTIMATION AND CONTROL APPLICATIONS

Shell Oil Company, Houst...

1. A method for background element switching in a model, comprising the steps of:defining a process model for an application, wherein the process model comprises one or more single-input/single-output (SISO) relationships, and wherein the one or more SISO relationships comprise one or more background elements and an active element;
defining a range of a process variable, wherein the process variable is broken into a plurality of contiguous segments;
associating each of the background elements with a corresponding one of the plurality of contiguous segments;
placing the application online;
running the application;
determining whether to switch a selected background element with the active element, wherein the selected background element is one of the one or more background elements and wherein the determining step is based, at least in part, on changes in the process variable from one contiguous segment to another continuous segment;
copying the selected background element as a new active element, wherein the copying replaces the active element with the new active element; and
adjusting one or more states associated with the process model to transition to a new model.

US Pat. No. 10,768,585

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DATA-DRIVEN CONTROL WITH PARTIALLY UNKNOWN FEEDBACK

Mitsubishi Electric Resea...

1. A control system for controlling a machine, comprising:a controller to control a machine according to a control policy parameterized on a lifted state space of the machine having an unknown onto mapping to a state space of the machine, wherein a state of the machine is an instance in the state space that uniquely defines the machine at a time instance, wherein a lifted state of the machine is an instance in the lifted state space that defines the machine at the time instance, such that the lifted state at the time instance has the unknown onto mapping to the state of the machine at the time instance;
a receiver to accept a sequence of measurements of state variables measured over a sequence of time instances, the state variables measured for the time instance form a portion of the state of the machine at the time instance;
a differentiator to determine, for the time instance, a derivative of at least one measured state variable using values of the state variable measured for multiple time instances, wherein a combination of the measured state variables and the derivative of the at least one measured state variable defines the lifted state for the time instance; and
a processor to update the control policy by evaluating a value function of the control policy using the lifted states, such that the controller determines a control input to the machine using the lifted state and the updated control policy.

US Pat. No. 10,768,584

COGNITIVE PLANT CLINIC

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A computer implemented method comprising:obtaining an input including an image of a plant from a camera;
producing a diagnosis for the plant using the input;
determining a treatment regimen for the plant using a repository that associates diagnoses to treatment regimens; and
performing the treatment regimen for treatment of the plant.

US Pat. No. 10,768,583

LEARNING CONTROL SYSTEM AND LEARNING CONTROL METHOD

HITACHI, LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A learning control system controlling multi-agent learning in a predetermined system, the learning control system comprising:a computer system including a plurality of computers which are programmed to execute:
a plurality of agents that are connected to a plurality of subsystems of the predetermined system, respectively, and perform learning to control the plurality of subsystems, which are control targets, using a plurality of control models; and
a learning management agent that is connected to the plurality of agents for communication and manages and controls learning of each of the plurality of agents,
wherein each of the plurality of agents:
receives information including a respective control model of the plurality of control models from the learning management agent,
calculates an evaluation value of a respective subsystem of the plurality of subsystems based on a state value of the respective subsystem,
inputs the state value, determines a behavior value of the respective subsystem through calculation of the respective control model, and outputs the behavior value to the respective subsystem,
updates a parameter of the respective control model in accordance with learning, and
transmits information including the respective control model and the evaluation value of the respective subsystem to the learning management agent, and
wherein the learning management agent:
constructs a plurality of experiment systems including a plurality of control model sets in the plurality of agents in a state in which the plurality of agents are connected to the plurality of subsystems and controls learning in a plurality of generations in the plurality of experiment systems, and
evaluates the plurality of experiment systems of a current generation of the plurality of generations based on the evaluation value of each of the plurality of subsystems, determines a plurality of updating control model sets in the plurality of experiment system of a next generation of the plurality of generations based on an evaluation result of the plurality of experiment systems of the current generation, and transmits information regarding the updating control model sets to the corresponding plurality of agents,
wherein the learning management agent:
calculates a whole system evaluation value of the predetermined system based on the evaluation value of each of the plurality of subsystems for each respective experiment system of the plurality of experiment systems, and
performs updating so that the plurality of control model sets in a respective experiment system with a highest whole system evaluation value among the plurality of experiment systems of the current generation are set to initial setting values of the plurality of experiment systems of the next generation.

US Pat. No. 10,768,582

MONITORING SITES CONTAINING SWITCHABLE OPTICAL DEVICES AND CONTROLLERS

View, Inc., Milpitas, CA...

1. A system for site monitoring, comprising:(a) a processing center communicatively coupled with a plurality of remote sites, wherein each site comprises:
(I) a plurality of windows having at least one switchable optical device,
(II) a plurality of window controllers that control a tint level of the at least one switchable optical device,
(III) a plurality of intermediate controllers coupled with one or more of the plurality of window controllers, and
(IV) a master controller coupled with the plurality of intermediate controllers, the master controller being coupled with an external network, wherein control of the plurality of windows is distributed across the plurality of window controllers, the plurality of intermediate controllers, the master controller, and the external network; and
(b) processor readable media that, when read by one or more processors of the processing center, the processor readable media causes the processing center to:
(i) analyze data received via the external network from one or more of the plurality of windows, the plurality of window controllers, the plurality of intermediate controllers and the master controller in the plurality of remote sites, to generate an analysis,
(ii) learn a modification and/or a mode of operation from the analysis; and
(iii) apply, via the external network, the modification and/or mode of operation to at least one site of the plurality of remote sites such that control of the plurality of windows is based at least in part on the modification and/or the mode of operation learned.

US Pat. No. 10,768,581

WEARABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE

1. A wearable electronic device, comprising:a body having a first battery and a port electrically connected to the first battery;
a band being connected to the body for attaching it to a user, the band being provided with a connector and a set of first conductors electrically connected to the connector, the band being connected to the port via the connector so as to be electrically connected to the body; and
a belt being provided with at least one second battery and a set of second conductors electrically connected to the second battery, the belt further including an output port electrically connected to the second battery, wherein the output port enables the second battery to supply power to an electronic device connected to the output port;
wherein the belt is removably attached to an outer surface of the band, and the second battery transmits power to the first battery by combining the two sets of conductors.

US Pat. No. 10,768,580

TIME-TO-DIGITAL CONVERTER, DIGITAL PHASE-LOCKED LOOP, METHOD FOR OPERATING A TIME-TO-DIGITAL CONVERTER, AND METHOD FOR A DIGITAL PHASE-LOCKED LOOP

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. A time-to-digital converter, comprising:a delay circuit configured to iteratively delay a reference signal for generating a plurality of delayed reference signals;
a plurality of sample circuits each configured to sample an oscillation signal based on one of the plurality of delayed reference signals; and
a control circuit configured to de-activate at least one of the plurality of sample circuits based on a predicted value of the phase of the oscillation signal.

US Pat. No. 10,768,579

TIMER DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING SAID TIMER DEVICE

ZOBELE HOLDING SPA, (IT)...

1. A fragrance dispenser comprising:a timer device comprising a first timer in communication with a controller;
said controller being in communication with a fragrance dispenser unit of the fragrance dispenser;
said first timer sending an order to the controller after a first preset time period is counted by the first timer;
the timer device further comprising a second timer in communication with said controller, said second timer counting a second preset time period, wherein the second preset time period is shorter than said first preset time period and is a portion of said first preset time period,
wherein when said second time period is expired and said first time period is also expired, said controller is reset, and the fragrance dispenser unit starts a new operation cycle,
wherein when the second time period is expired but the first time period is not expired, the value in a memory is incremented, and the second timer is immediately restarted to run from zero for the second preset time period;
when said second time period is expired and said first time period is also expired, the value in the memory is read and is used to calculate a new time base, and
wherein the new time base is used as the first time period for a next operation cycle of the fragrance dispenser unit.

US Pat. No. 10,768,578

SOLAR HAND FOR A PORTABLE OBJECT SUCH AS A WATCH OR A MEASURING INSTRUMENT

The Swatch Group Research...

1. A portable object inside which is housed a rechargeable electrical energy source, comprising:a first display hand and a second display hand,
wherein the first display hand and the second display hand are formed of at least one solar cell, the electrical energy source being connected to the first and second display hands for recharging,
wherein the first and second display hands are superposed and each includes a hole for passage of a drive arbor,
the drive arbor of the second display hand being arranged concentrically inside the drive arbor of the first display hand, with an insulating layer between the two drive arbors, and
each of the first and second display hands including a first pole and a second pole, the first pole of the first display hand being electrically connected to a first terminal of the energy source via the drive arbor of the first display hand, the second pole of the first display hand being connected to the first pole of the second display hand via a contact piece that ensures electrical continuity between the first and second display hands, and the second pole of the second display hand being connected to the second terminal of the energy source via the chive arbor of the second display hand.

US Pat. No. 10,768,577

PUSH-PIECE WINDING BUTTON CONTROL DEVICE FOR A PORTABLE OBJECT OF SMALL DIMENSIONS

ETA SA MANUFACTURING HORL...

1. A control device with a push-piece winding button for a portable object, said control device comprising:a frame;
a control stem mounted to pivot about a longitudinal axis and axially movable with respect to the frame between at least two positions, including a transitory first position and a stable second position;
at least one cam path which has a longitudinal cam profile and at least one cam follower arranged to cooperate with the longitudinal cam profile, wherein the cam path is arranged to move concurrently with the control stern when the latter is moved axially, and wherein the cam follower, mounted inside the frame, is arranged to be elastically returned against the cam path, wherein the cam path comprises a first recess defining the stable position of the control stem, and a profile portion forming a ramp which rises from the first recess towards the transitory position; and
a position indexing plate in which is formed the cam path with which the cam follower cooperates, wherein said position indexing plate is arranged to be coupled in translation to the control stem when said control stem is moved in one direction or the other in a direction parallel to the longitudinal axis and to remain stationary when the control stem is pivoted in one direction or the other.

US Pat. No. 10,768,576

MECHANISM FOR REWINDING AND/OR CORRECTING AT LEAST ONE CLOCK FUNCTION AND DEVICE FOR SELECTING A CLOCK FUNCTION

ROLEX SA, Geneva (CH)

1. A device for selecting a horological function from among a winding function and m correction functions, m>1, comprising:a control member adapted:
to select the winding function by displacement of the control member in a first direction, and
to select sequentially one function from among m correction functions by displacement of the control member in a second direction,
wherein the control member is monostable so that the control member is returned to a single rest position after being actuated in any of the first direction or the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,768,575

IMAGING DEVICES AND IMAGING METHODS BY MILLIMETER WAVE 3D HOLOGRAPHIC SCANNING

Nuctech Company Limited, ...

1. An imaging device by millimeter wave three-dimension 3D holographic scanning, comprising:a conveying apparatus configured to convey an object located thereon in a first direction; and
at least one millimeter wave transceiving module arranged beside the conveying apparatus, each configured to be enabled to scan the object when the conveying apparatus conveys the object through the respective millimeter wave transceiving module,
wherein each millimeter wave transceiving module is arranged to have its longitudinal direction extend in a direction intersecting the first direction, and comprises a millimeter wave transceiving antenna array for transceiving millimeter wave signals,
wherein the millimeter wave transceiving antenna array comprises a column of millimeter wave transmitting antennas and a column of millimeter wave receiving antennas, the two columns being arranged in parallel.

US Pat. No. 10,768,574

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

TOSHIBA TEC KABUSHIKI KAI...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a first cover comprising a first opening and a second opening configured to facilitate passage of air through the image forming apparatus;
a developer;
a heater arranged below the developer;
a case configured to cover the heater and having a first end proximate the first opening and a second end opposite the first end, the case comprising:
a first air duct configured to facilitate passage of air through the first end and the first opening; and
a blocking plate configured to at least partially block passage of air through the second end;
a second air duct arranged between the developer and the case, which is in contact with the case and configured to facilitate passage of air through the second opening;
a fan located proximate the second end and configured to propel air towards the first end;
a second cover configured to cover a portion of the first air duct, a portion of the second air duct, and the fan; and
a guide configured to direct air propelled by the fan to the first air duct.

US Pat. No. 10,768,573

PROCESS CARTRIDGE AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

PRINT-RITE, UNICORN IMAGE...

1. A process cartridge, comprising a cartridge body, a photosensitive drum having a first axis, and a driving force receiving member having a second axis, wherein the photosensitive drum is rotatably supported between two end walls of the cartridge body, and the driving force receiving member comprises a head portion and a shaft portion;wherein
the driving force receiving member is connected to an axial end of the photosensitive drum through an Oldham coupling;
a rotation angle limiting mechanism is disposed between the driving force receiving member and the photosensitive drum to regulate a relative rotation of the driving force receiving member with respect to the photosensitive drum; and
the driving force receiving member is movable in a direction perpendicular to the first axis and rotatable around the second axis such that the second axis is either co-axial or parallel with the first axis;
the shaft portion further comprises a guided portion formed by an elliptical cylinder portion;
the process cartridge further comprises a sliding plate disposed on one of the end walls of the cartridge body, and is provided with a round hole;
the shaft portion further comprises an engaging portion formed by a cylinder portion; the guided portion is disposed between the engaging portion and the head portion; and the round hole is in engagement with the engaging portion;
wherein the sliding plate is slidable between (i) a first position in which the second axis is co-axial with the first axis and (ii) a second position in which the second axis is parallel with the first axis.

US Pat. No. 10,768,572

CARTRIDGE, MEMBER CONSTITUTING CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A cartridge comprising:a frame;
a developing roller rotatably supported by the frame to permit rotation of the developing roller about a rotational axis of the developing roller;
a first movable part supported by the frame so as to be movable between a first position relative to the rotational axis of the developing roller and second position relative to the rotational axis of the developing roller, the first movable part including a force receiving portion;
a first elastic part connected to the frame and first movable part;
a second movable part supported by the frame so as to be movable between a first position relative to the rotational axis of the developing roller and a second position relative to the rotational axis of the developing roller, the second movable part including a force receiving portion;
a second elastic part connected to the frame and second movable part; and
a drive input member for transmitting a rotational force to the developing roller,
wherein the cartridge is configured such that (i) when the first movable part is in its second position and the force receiving portion of the first movable part receives a force in a direction that the first movable part moves from its first position to its second position, the first movable part receives an urging force from the first elastic part in a direction that the first movable part moves from its second position to its first position, and (ii) when the second movable part is in its second position and the force receiving part of the second movable part receives a force in a direction that the second movable part moves from its first position to its second position, the second movable part receives an urging force from the second elastic part in a direction that the second movable part moves from its second position to its first position,
wherein the urging force of the first elastic part is less than the urging force of the second elastic part, and
wherein the first movable part is supported at a side of the frame at which the drive input member is located, and the second movable part is supported at a side of the frame at a side of the frame that is opposite to the side at which the drive input member is located.

US Pat. No. 10,768,571

LOCK CONTROL DEVICE, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, LOCK CONTROL METHOD, AND LOCK SYSTEM

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A lock control device configured to control a plurality of lock devices, respectively provided in a plurality of storage sections, the lock control device comprising:control circuitry configured to:
cause an indicator to visually indicate a plurality of pieces of storage section information representing the plurality of storage sections;
receive an input of partial storage section information of the plurality of pieces of storage section information; and
output an unlocking signal, to a lock device of the plurality of lock devices corresponding to the partial storage section information received, to unlock the lock device, wherein the control circuitry is configured to cause the indicator to visually indicate relative positions of the plurality of storage sections, within an image forming section, so as to visually convey a representative positional arrangement of relative locations of the plurality of storage sections.

US Pat. No. 10,768,570

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS PROVIDED WITH RECOVERY CONTAINER FOR WASTE TONER

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., Ch...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming unit that forms an image on a sheet,
a sheet conveying unit configured to convey a sheet along a conveying path extending in a substantially horizontal direction vertically below the image forming unit,
a recovery container that is provided between the image forming unit and a door of the image forming apparatus and above the conveying path, and that stores waste toner discharged from the image forming unit, the recovery container removable from the image forming apparatus via the door, and
one or more cleaning devices disposed at one or more elements of the image forming unit,
one or more waste toner conveying pipes that convey the waste toner discharged from the image forming unit to the recovery container;
the one or more waste toner conveying pipes include:
a first waste toner conveying pipe extending from a first cleaning device of the one or more cleaning devices toward the recovery container in a direction toward the door; and
a second waste toner conveying pipe extending from a second cleaning device of the one or more cleaning devices toward the recovery container in a direction toward the door,
the recovery container comprises
a casing including an accommodating unit for storing waste toner, and
first and second conveying units for conveying the waste toner in the casing, the casing comprises
a first receiving port for receiving the waste toner conveyed by the first waste toner conveying pipe, and
a second receiving port provided below the first receiving port, for receiving the waste toner conveyed by the second waste toner conveying pipe, wherein the image forming apparatus further comprises
a detection unit for detecting waste toner contained in the casing, at a detection position above the first conveying unit,
wherein
the first conveying unit equalizes height of upper surface of the waste toner accommodated in the accommodating unit,
the second conveying unit conveys the waste toner received from the second receiving port to a position above the detection position,
the second conveying unit further includes a transmission unit that transmits rotational force to the blade portion of the second conveying unit, at an upstream end portion in the conveying direction of a rotary shaft of the second conveying unit,
the second conveying unit is positioned in a skewed position relative to the first conveying unit, and
wherein each of the first conveying unit and the second conveying unit extends linearly from a first end of the respective conveying unit to a second end of the respective conveying unit opposite to the first end.

US Pat. No. 10,768,569

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A fixing device comprising:first and second rotatable members forming a nip where a toner image on a recording material is fixed;
a movable member movable by arrival of the recording material at a predetermined position that is downstream of the nip with respect to a recording material feeding direction and that is within a passing region in which the recording material is passable,
wherein said movable member includes a contact portion contactable to the recording material in the predetermined position and includes a flag portion movable together with movement of said contact portion by the recording material contacting said contact portion;
a first supporting side plate positioned outside the passing region and configured to rotatably support said first rotatable member, wherein said first supporting side plate includes an opening having such a size that said flag portion is passable therethrough;
a second supporting side plate positioned opposite from said first supporting side plate and configured to rotatably support said first rotatable member, said first supporting side plate and said second supporting side plate sandwiching the passing region therebetween with respect to the longitudinal direction;
a detecting portion including a light emitting portion and a light receiving portion, and configured to detect said flag portion movable between said light emitting portion and said light receiving portion, wherein said detecting portion is positioned on an outside of said first supporting side plate with respect to the longitudinal direction, the outside being opposite from the passing region, the outside and the passing region sandwiching said first supporting side plate therebetween with respect to the longitudinal direction;
a supporting plate extending in the longitudinal direction so as to be connected with said first and second supporting side plates;
a holding portion holding said movable member, wherein, in a state that said holding portion holds said movable member, said holding portion is assembled with said supporting plate connected with said first and second supporting side plates;
a slit portion configured to guide movement of said holding portion in a predetermined direction from the passing region toward the opening of said first supporting side plate so that said flag portion passes from the passing region through the opening in an assembling operation in which said holding portion is assembled with said supporting plate;
a first projected portion configured to guide the movement of said holding portion in the predetermined direction in engagement with said slit;
a second projected portion provided on said holding portion, wherein said second projected portion regulates a position of said holding portion relative to said supporting plate with respect to a height direction while in contact with said supporting plate when said holding portion is moved in the predetermined direction by being guided by said slit portion and said first projected portion, the height direction being perpendicular to a holding portion supporting surface of said supporting plate; and
a hole provided in said supporting plate, wherein said hole is disposed at a position where said second projected portion engages with said hole when said flag portion is positioned between said light emitting portion and said light receiving portion with respect to the longitudinal direction by movement of said holding portion in the predetermined direction by guidance of said slit portion and said first projected portion,
wherein, when the position of said holding portion with respect to the height direction is regulated by said second projected portion in contact with said supporting plate, in a projection plane in which the outside of said first supporting side plate is viewed in the longitudinal direction from a position between said light emitting portion and said receiving portion with respect to the longitudinal direction, said flag portion is accommodated inside said opening and is in a non-overlapping position with said detecting portion, and
wherein, when said second projected portion is engaged in said hole, in the projection plane, said flag portion is in an overlapping position with said detecting portion.

US Pat. No. 10,768,568

SHEET BINDING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING SYSTEM

TOSHIBA TEC KABUSHIKI KAI...

13. A sheet binding method, comprising:attaching a tape to an edge portion of a sheet bundle;
a second roller opposed to the first roller in a sheet bundle thickness direction;
a nip-pressure adjusting, on a basis of a position of a leading end edge portion of the sheet bundle, a pressing force of a nip formed by a first roller and a second roller opposed to each other in a sheet bundle thickness direction;
before inserting the sheet bundle between the first roller and the second roller, adjusting an interval between the first roller and the second roller to equal to or smaller than a thickness of the sheet bundle; and
inserting the sheet bundle between the first roller and the second roller.

US Pat. No. 10,768,567

AUTOMATIC MOUNTING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING SAME

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a housing;
a cassette insertable into the housing, the cassette including an idle roller provided on a side surface of the cassette and an engaging portion protruding from a side surface of the cassette and positioned ahead of the idle roller toward a rear side of the cassette;
a rail portion provided in the housing; and
a locking device, provided on a rear side of the rail portion, to interfere with the engaging portion,
wherein a rear end portion of the rail portion is bent downward, and
wherein the idle roller is to slide on the rear end portion of the rail portion to accelerate toward the locking device.

US Pat. No. 10,768,566

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS FOR GENERATING DRIVE DATA BY PERFORMING A MAGNIFICATION CORRECTION ON IMAGE DATA

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:at least one processor device; anda memory coupled to the at least one processor device, the memory having instructions that, when executed by the processor device, perform operations as:a first toner image forming unit including a first photoconductor rotatingly driven, a first exposure unit configured to expose the first photoconductor, a first drive unit configured to drive the first exposure unit based on first drive data, and a first development unit configured to develop, with toner of a first color, a first electrostatic latent image formed on the first photoconductor through exposure in the first exposure unit;
a second toner image forming unit including a second photoconductor rotatingly driven, a second exposure unit configured to expose the second photoconductor, a second drive unit configured to drive the second exposure unit based on second drive data, and a second development unit configured to develop, with toner of a second color, a second electrostatic latent image formed on the second photoconductor through exposure in the second exposure unit;
a transfer unit formed as an endless transfer belt rotatingly driven, the transfer unit configured to transfer the toner image on the first photoconductor and the toner image on the second photoconductor to a print medium via the transfer member, a transfer position of the toner image transferred from the first photoconductor to the transfer member being located upstream of a transfer position of the toner image transferred from the second photoconductor to the transfer member in a rotational direction of the transfer member, a formation start timing of the second electrostatic latent image being delayed behind a formation start timing of the first electrostatic latent image on one print medium based on a delay amount in accordance with a distance between the transfer positions;
a first processing integrated circuit configured to generate first image data for the first color and second image data for the second color from input image data;
a second processing integrated circuit configured to generate the first drive data obtained by performing a magnification correction process on the first image data and the second drive data obtained by performing a magnification correction process on the second image data based on set magnification correction data; and
a processor configured to switch setting of the magnification correction data in accordance with a size of the print medium, the processor switching the magnification correction data set in the second processing integrated circuit by outputting the magnification correction data for the first image data and the magnification correction data for the second image data at different timings based on the delay amount corresponding to the distance between the transfer positions; and
one signal line used both for transmitting the magnification correction data for the first image data from the processor to the second processing integrated circuit and for transmitting the magnification correction data for the second image data from the processor to the second processing integrated circuit,
wherein the processor is configured to switch transmitting the magnification correction data for the first image data and the magnification correction data for the second image data via the one signal line, and
wherein if a timing of outputting the magnification correction data for the first image data to form the first electrostatic latent image for an (n+1)th print medium overlaps a timing of outputting the magnification correction data for the second image data to form an electrostatic latent image for an nth print medium having a size smaller than the (n+1)th print medium in a conveyance direction of the print medium, the processor outputs the magnification correction data for the second image data to form the second electrostatic latent image for the nth print medium before the magnification correction data for the first image data to form the first electrostatic latent image for the (n+1)th print medium is output, and the processor outputs the magnification correction data for the (n+1)th print medium after a magnification correction process performed by the second processing integrated circuit based on the magnification correction data for the nth print medium is completed.

US Pat. No. 10,768,565

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Konica Minolta, Inc., To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a cyclone which centrifugally separates toner from air containing the toner scattered;
a storage which stores the toner separated by the cyclone;
a filtering portion which allows air to pass, the air being obtained after the toner is separated by the cyclone;
a duct which guides the air that passes through the filtering portion;
a fan which generates a flow of the air to discharge the air that passes through the filtering portion; and
a hardware processor which measures a rotational speed of the fan, detects a full state in which the storage is filled with the toner based on change of the rotational speed of the fan, and issues a warning in a case in which a variation rate of rotational speeds of the fan measured a plurality of times is a predetermined value or more.

US Pat. No. 10,768,564

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND STORAGE MEDIUM

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., Ch...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image former which includes,
an image carrier which carries a toner image transferred to a sheet;
a developer which applies a developing bias and which develops the toner image on the image carrier;
a conductive rotating member which rotates while coming into contact with the image carrier; and
a voltage applier which applies a voltage to the rotating member, and
a hardware processor which executes an attached material detection mode which detects material attached to a surface of the rotating member,
wherein, in the attached material detection mode, the hardware processor controls the voltage applied by the developer and/or the voltage applier so that the developing bias is a value between a surface potential in a region on a surface of the image carrier in contact with a portion in which attached material exists on a surface of the rotating member if a reference voltage is applied by the voltage applier, and a surface potential in a region on the surface of the image carrier in contact with a portion in which the attached material does not exist on the surface of the rotating member if the reference voltage is applied, and the hardware processor controls the developer to develop a toner image on the image carrier.

US Pat. No. 10,768,563

IMAGE FORMING SYSTEM WITH STRAIN DETECTION

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. An image forming system comprising:an image forming apparatus including: an electrophotographic image forming unit which develops an electrostatic latent image with a toner; a housing in which the image forming unit is provided; and a strain detector which detects strain of a bottom plate of the housing; and
a hardware processor and a storage which are included in the image forming apparatus or provided outside the image forming apparatus, wherein
the hardware processor:
obtains a first detection signal from the strain detector, and stores strain measured data based on the first detection signal as reference data in the storage; and
obtains a second detection signal from the strain detector after storing the reference data in the storage, compares strain measured data based on the second detection signal with the reference data, and determines whether or not adjustment of a supporting point height of the bottom plate to reduce the strain of the bottom plate due to change over time from a time of the obtainment of the reference data is required, and
wherein the hardware processor displays, on a display, a calculation result of: an adjustment required position where the supporting point height needs to be adjusted on the bottom plate; and an adjustment amount.

US Pat. No. 10,768,562

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., Ch...

1. An image forming apparatus that forms an image on a sheet, the image forming apparatus comprising:a rotator used to form the image;
a motor that drives the rotator rotationally;
a current measurer that measures motor current flowing through a current-carrying path including a winding of the motor, at measurement timing that is timing after the motor starts up;
a torque acquirer that acquires a torque value of the motor based on a measured value of the motor current; and
a corrector that performs correction for cancellation of an amount of error based on one or both of a variation in characteristic corresponding to motor speed of the motor and a variation in characteristic corresponding to the motor current at the measurement timing, at the acquisition of the torque value by the torque acquirer.

US Pat. No. 10,768,561

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A fixing device comprising:a cylindrical rotatable fixing belt;
a flat heater having a plurality of heat generating parts;
a safety device arranged across two adjacent heat generating parts to interrupt power supply to the heat generating parts in a case where temperature reaches a threshold value;
a heater holding part holding the flat heater so that the flat heater comes into contact with an inner circumference face of the fixing belt; and
a pressuring member sandwiching the fixing belt with the flat heater to form a pressuring area for sandwiching and conveying a sheet between the fixing belt and the pressuring roller,
wherein between the two adjacent heat generating parts and the safety device, a sheet-shaped heat conduction member promoting heat conduction from the heat generating part to the safety device is provided.

US Pat. No. 10,768,560

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a fixing portion configured to fix a toner image formed in accordance with image data to a recording material;
a determining portion configured to acquire a density value indicating image density represented by the image data for each of colors of toners constituting the toner image, obtain a sum value of the density values with respect to the colors of the toners, obtain a numerical value indicating the number of the density values being values larger than 0 out of the density values corresponding to the colors of the toners, and determine a target temperature for maintaining a temperature of the fixing portion on the basis of the sum value and the numerical value; and
a control portion configured to control power to be supplied to the fixing portion so that the temperature of the fixing portion is maintained at the target temperature, wherein
in a case the sum value is a first value and the numerical value is a first number, the determining portion determines a first temperature as the target temperature, in a case the sum value is the first value and the numerical value is a second number that is larger than the first number, the determining portion determines a second temperature that is lower than the first temperature as the target temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,768,559

HEATING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A heating device comprising:a heating member substrate;
a plurality of resistive members which is divided into a plurality of blocks on the heating member substrate, the resistive members being arranged side by side along a first direction with a gap between every two adjacent resistive members, each block comprising at least one resistive member; and
temperature sensors which each have a film-shaped thermistor, each block having one film-shaped thermistor that has a contact region in which the film-shaped thermistor detects temperature, the contact region being inside of a width, in the first direction, of a resistive member in the block, wherein
a predetermined block is adjacent, in the first direction, to two blocks having a different number of resistive members, the contact region of the film-shaped thermistor for the predetermined block is located closer to the one of the adjacent two blocks having a greater number of the resistive members of the two blocks adjacent to the predetermined block.

US Pat. No. 10,768,558

IMAGE FORMATION APPARATUS

Konica Minolta, Inc., To...

1. An image formation apparatus comprising:a first electrode portion including a contact electrode and a counter electrode, the contact electrode being in contact with a transported recording medium, the counter electrode being arranged to be opposed to the contact electrode such that the transported recording medium lies between the contact electrode and the counter electrode;
a second electrode portion arranged as not being in contact with the recording medium such that charges applied to the recording medium are movable;
a first sensing unit configured to sense a first current which flows to the first electrode portion as a result of application of a voltage across the contact electrode and the counter electrode while the recording medium lies between the contact electrode and the counter electrode;
a second sensing unit configured to sense a second current which flows from the charged recording medium to the second electrode portion; and
a control unit configured to receive input of results of sensing by the first sensing unit and the second sensing unit, the control unit being configured to set a transfer condition for transferring a toner image to the recording medium based on the first current sensed by the first sensing unit and the second current sensed by the second sensing unit,
wherein
the second electrode portion is arranged downstream from the first electrode portion in a direction of transportation of the recording medium,
when relation between an electrical resistance of the recording medium and the second current is shown with the electrical resistance of the recording medium being shown on an abscissa and the second current being shown on an ordinate, a distribution of electrical resistances of the recording medium is expressed with a projecting shape having a peak, and
when the sensed second current has a value in a region around the peak, the control unit is configured to set the transfer condition based on the first current sensed by the first sensing unit as a result of application of different voltages across the contact electrode and the counter electrode and the second current which flows from the recording medium to the second electrode portion after application of the different voltages and is sensed by the second sensing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,768,557

INTERMEDIARY TRANSFER BELT AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An intermediary transfer belt comprising:a base layer;
an elastic layer provided on or above said base layer and formed with a silicone rubber as an elastic member;
an intermediary layer provided on or above said elastic layer; and
a surface layer provided on or above said intermediary layer,
wherein said elastic layer is 60 degrees or less in JIS-A hardness and is 5 degrees or more in JIS-E hardness, and
wherein said intermediary layer is 0.1 g/m2·24 h or more and 600 g/m2·24 h or less in water vapor permeability coefficient and is 1 ?m or more and 15 ?m or less in average thickness.

US Pat. No. 10,768,556

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a plurality of image forming portions which form toner images of different colors;
an intermediate transfer belt
which is an endless belt wound around a drive roller and a driven roller,
which is arranged along the plurality of image forming portions, and
onto which the toner images respectively formed by the plurality of image forming portions are primarily transferred to be sequentially superimposed one on another;
a belt displacement detector which detects displacement of the intermediate transfer belt in a rotation axis direction of the driven roller;
an attraction force changer which is operable to change electrostatic attraction force of the driven roller with respect to the intermediate transfer belt exerted on each of opposite end sides of the driven roller in the rotation axis direction thereof; and
a controller which controls operation of the attraction force changer,
wherein,
when the belt displacement detector detects the displacement of the intermediate transfer belt, the controller makes the attraction force changer increase the electrostatic attraction force of the driven roller with respect to the intermediate transfer belt exerted on a side of the driven roller opposite to a side toward which the displacement has taken place.

US Pat. No. 10,768,555

CLEANING DEVICE

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. A cleaning device comprising:a scraping portion whose edge is pressed against a rotational body to which toner adheres and that scrapes the toner off the rotational body; and
a container that contains the toner that has been scraped off the rotational body,
wherein the container has a through-hole that opens in a portion of the container facing the scraping portion and that allows a gas to flow from an inside of the container toward the scraping portion,
wherein the scraping portion includes
a first scraping member whose edge is pressed against the rotational body and that scrapes the toner off the rotational body, and
a second scraping member that is disposed on a downstream side of the first scraping member in a rotation direction of the rotational body, whose edge is pressed against the rotational body, and that scrapes the toner off the rotational body, and
wherein the through-hole allows the gas to flow toward the second scraping member.

US Pat. No. 10,768,554

MAINTENANCE PROGRAM FOR LIQUID ELECTRO-PHOTOGRAPHIC PRINTING PROCESSES

HP Indigo B.V., Amstelve...

1. A liquid electro-photographic, LEP, printing system, comprising:a photo imaging plate, PIP;
an intermediate transfer member, ITM; and
a control unit, the control unit to cause the system to:
initiate a maintenance program, wherein the maintenance program comprises driving the PIP and the ITM while disabling particle transfer to the PIP and while applying a voltage difference between the PIP and surface portions of the ITM which is larger than a nominal operation voltage difference.

US Pat. No. 10,768,553

LAYERS FOR RESISTANCE TO ADHESION OF INK

HP Indigo B.V., Amstelve...

1. An apparatus for use in an electrographic printer, the apparatus comprising:a tray defining a cavity, the tray having an internal surface;
an ink developer electrode disposed in the cavity for developing an ink;
a first layer disposed on the internal surface, the first layer comprising a dielectric material; and
a second layer disposed on the first layer, the second layer adhering to the first layer and being resistant to the adhesion of ink.

US Pat. No. 10,768,552

DEVELOPING DEVICE

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A developing device comprising:a rotatable developing sleeve configured to carry and feed a developer including toner and a carrier toward a developing region where an electrostatic latent image formed on an image bearing member is developed with the developer; and
a magnetic field generating portion provided inside said developing sleeve and having a developing magnetic pole, the developing magnetic pole being disposed opposite to a closest position of said image bearing member to said developing sleeve,
wherein a ratio of an 80%-value-width of magnetic flux density of the developing magnetic pole with respect to a normal direction of said developing sleeve to a half peak width of the magnetic flux density of the developing magnetic pole with respect to the normal direction is 0.65 or more,
wherein a magnetic force of the developing magnetic pole in the normal direction of said developing sleeve proximate to an upstream end portion of the developing region with respect to the rotational direction of said developing sleeve is larger than a magnetic force of the developing magnetic pole in the normal direction of said developing sleeve at a center portion of the developing region with respect to the rotational direction of said developing sleeve, with a peak position of the magnetic force of the developing magnetic pole in the normal direction of said developing sleeve proximate to the upstream end portion of the developing region with respect to the rotational direction of said developing sleeve being positioned outside of the developing region with respect to the rotational direction of said developing sleeve, and
wherein a magnetic force of the developing magnetic pole in the normal direction of said developing sleeve proximate to a downstream end portion of the developing region with respect to the rotational direction of said developing sleeve is larger than the magnetic force of the developing magnetic pole in the normal direction of said developing sleeve at the center portion of the developing region with respect to the rotational direction of said developing sleeve, and
a peak position of the magnetic force of the developing magnetic pole in the normal direction of said developing sleeve proximate to the downstream end portion of the developing region with respect to the rotational direction of said developing sleeve being positioned outside of the developing region with respect to the rotational direction of said developing sleeve.

US Pat. No. 10,768,551

CONVEYING SCREW, TONER CONTAINER AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A conveying screw configured to convey a toner in an axial direction, the conveying screw comprising:a conveying shaft part configured to be rotated around an axis; and
a conveying blade spirally formed around an outer circumferential face of the conveying shaft part and configured to convey a toner in a replenishment path,
wherein at least one spiral of the conveying blade is formed by two semicircular blade plates which are coupled to in postures inclined in opposite directions to each other, and
a through hole through which the toner is passed in the axial direction is formed in an area surrounded by the conveying shaft part and the two blade plates,
the conveying blade is formed such that a volume between axially adjacent portions of the conveying blade is continuously or gradually decreased from an upstream side to a downstream side in a conveyance direction of the toner, and
the through hole is formed in the area surrounded by the conveying shaft part and the two blade plates of the conveying blade disposed at the downstream side in the conveyance direction from a position where the volume between the axially adjacent portions of the conveying blade is less than a set value.

US Pat. No. 10,768,550

DEVELOPING CARTRIDGE INCLUDING DEVELOPING ROLLER AND COUPLING

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A developing cartridge comprising:a developing roller rotatable about a first axis extending in a first direction, the developing roller including a developing roller shaft having a first end portion and a second end portion separated from the first end portion in the first direction;
a housing configured to accommodate developing material therein, the housing having a first side and a second side separated from the first side in the direction;
a first bearing being positioned to the first side of the housing, the first end portion of the developing roller shaft being inserted through the first bearing;
a second bearing being positioned to the second side of the housing, the second end portion of the developing roller shaft being inserted through the second bearing;
an agitator rotatable about a second axis extending in the first direction;
a first shaft extending outwardly relative to the first side of the housing, the first shaft being positioned between the developing roller and the agitator in a second direction defined by connecting the developing roller shaft and the agitator;
a second shaft extending outwardly relative to the second side of the housing, the second shaft being positioned between the developing roller and the agitator in the second direction; and
a coupling rotatable about the first shaft,
wherein the second bearing has a plate shape extending in the second direction and being positioned between the developing roller shaft and the second shaft, and the second bearing is made of conductive resin material.

US Pat. No. 10,768,549

TONER CONTAINER AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A toner container comprising:a container body having a discharging port discharging a toner and containing the toner;
a rotating member rotated around a rotation axis extended in one direction, wherein at least a part of the rotating member being installed in the container body;
a moving member attached to the rotating member, moved in the one direction in accordance with rotation of the rotating member, and conveying the toner in the container body to the discharging port;
a transmitting member connected to the rotating member, and transmitting rotation to the rotating member, wherein at least a part of the transmitting member being arranged outside the container body;
an agitating member rotated around the rotation axis, and agitating the toner contained in the container body; and
a connecting member connected to the agitating member, and transmitting rotation to the agitating member,
wherein the rotating member includes a following coupling facing to the outside of the container body,
the transmitting member includes a transmitting coupling connected to the following coupling,
the agitating member includes an agitating coupling facing to the outside of the container body,
the connecting member includes a connecting coupling connected to the agitating coupling,
the agitating coupling is arranged outside the outer circumference of the following coupling,
in an engaging part of the rotating member and the transmitting member, a restricting mechanism is provided for allowing rotation of the rotating member in a first rotating direction and restricting rotation of the rotating member in a second rotating direction opposite to the first rotating direction,
the restricting mechanism is composed of the following coupling and the transmitting coupling,
the following coupling includes:
a first following face extended in the one direction; and
a second following face inclined relative to the one direction,
the transmitting coupling includes:
a first transmitting face extended in the one direction; and
a second transmitting face inclined relative to the one direction,
when the transmitting member is rotated in the first rotating direction, the first transmitting face pushes the first following face, and then, the rotating member is rotated in the first rotating direction together with the transmitting member in a body,
when the transmitting member is rotated in the second rotating direction, the second transmitting face pushes the second following face, and then, the transmitting member is raced with respect to the rotating member.

US Pat. No. 10,768,548

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a housing;
a drawer movable between a housed position at which the drawer is housed in the housing, and a shifted position at which the drawer is shifted from the housed position toward an exterior of the housing;
a photosensitive member rotatably supported by the drawer;
a first roller rotatably supported by the drawer;
a second roller rotatably supported by the housing, disposed to face the first roller, and movable relative to the first roller, the second roller and the first roller being configured to pinch a sheet therebetween and transport the sheet toward the photosensitive member;
an urging member disposed at the housing for urging the second roller toward the first roller; and
a positioner disposed at the drawer and configured to position the second roller relative to the first roller when the drawer is at the housed position.

US Pat. No. 10,768,547

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a photoconductor having a surface conveyed in a sub direction substantially orthogonal to a main direction;
a light emitting substrate having a plurality of two-dimensionally arrayed light emitting point groups; and
a plurality of imaging optical systems that images light from the plurality of light emitting point groups onto mutually different positions on the photoconductor,
wherein an optical axis of each of the plurality of imaging optical systems are parallel to one another,
imaging magnifications of the plurality of imaging optical systems are substantially equal for each of the light emitting point groups,
the plurality of imaging optical systems includes: a first lens array having a plurality of imaging lenses arranged to face the light emitting point groups; a second lens array having a plurality of imaging lenses each arranged to face each of the plurality of imaging lenses constituting the first lens array; and a plurality of apertures arranged between the first and second lens arrays so as to face the plurality of imaging lenses,
central points of the light emitting point group exist in a first plane which is substantially an identical plane,
central points of the plurality of imaging lenses constituting the first lens array exist in a second plane which is substantially an identical plane,
central points of the plurality of apertures exist in a third plane which is substantially an identical plane,
central points of the plurality of imaging lenses constituting the second lens array exist in a fourth plane which is substantially an identical plane,
the first plane forms a non-zero predetermined angle with respect to a plane perpendicular to an optical axis direction, and
the angle formed with respect to the plane perpendicular to the optical axis direction is greater in the order of the first plane, the second plane, the third plane, and the fourth plane.

US Pat. No. 10,768,546

CARTRIDGE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a photosensitive member; and
a charging roller to which a direct current voltage is applied and which is configured to charge a surface of the photosensitive member at a charging position,
wherein the charging roller comprises a shaft portion, an elastic layer provided on an outer periphery of the shaft portion, and a surface layer provided on an outer periphery of the elastic layer,
wherein a ten point height of roughness profile Rz (?m) and a root mean square slope R?q with respect to a surface of the charging roller satisfy Rz?7 and R?q?0.1, and
wherein a contact area ratio of the charging roller is 0.03% to 10%.

US Pat. No. 10,768,545

CHARGING ROLLER, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME

SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIE...

1. A charging roller comprising a roller body having an outer peripheral surface finished in a finish-polished surface,wherein the roller body has a surface portion including the finish-polished surface, and at least the surface portion comprises a crosslinked product of a rubber composition containing a rubber component,
wherein the rubber component comprises, based on 100 parts by mass of the overall rubber component:
(1) not less than 30 parts by mass and not greater than 70 parts by mass of epichlorohydrin-ethylene oxide-allyl glycidyl ether terpolymer rubber;
(2) not less than 15 parts by mass and not greater than 60 parts by mass of isoprene rubber, wherein the isoprene rubber is a homopolymer; and
(3) not less than 1 part by mass of at least one selected from the group consisting of styrene butadiene rubber and acrylonitrile butadiene rubber.

US Pat. No. 10,768,544

PRINT COLOR STABILITY

HP Indigo B.V., Amstelve...

1. A method of generating a print job for an offset printer, the method comprising:determining a print job to be printed on the offset printer comprises an odd number of color separations; and
in response to determining that the print job comprises an odd number of color separations, alternating a print order of at least two color separations between odd and even pages of the print job.

US Pat. No. 10,768,542

POSITIVELY CHARGEABLE TONER

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A positively chargeable toner comprising toner particles,wherein the toner particles each include a toner mother particle containing a binder resin, and an external additive adhering to a surface of the toner mother particle,
the external additive includes, as external additive particles, silica particles having a number average primary particle diameter of at least 10 nm and no greater than 35 nm, titania particles having a number average primary particle diameter of at least 10 nm and no greater than 30 nm, and crosslinked resin particles having a number average primary particle diameter of at least 40 nm and no greater than 200 nm,
the silica particles each include a silica base, and a first surface treatment layer present on a surface of the silica base,
the first surface treatment layer has an alkyl group having a carbon number of 8, and an amino group,
the titania particles each include a titania base, and a second surface treatment layer present on a surface of the titania base,
the second surface treatment layer has an alkyl group having a carbon number of 3,
the crosslinked resin particles each include a crosslinked resin base, and a cationic surfactant adhering to a surface of the crosslinked resin base, and
all of the crosslinked resin particles protrude beyond the silica particles and the titania particles on surfaces of the toner particles.

US Pat. No. 10,768,540

EXTERNAL ADDITIVE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING EXTERNAL ADDITIVE, AND TONER

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An external additive comprising:a resin particle containing a crystalline resin and an inorganic fine particle containing a metal atom, the inorganic fine particle being embedded in the resin particle with a part of the inorganic fine particle being exposed on a surface of the resin particle, wherein
a maximum endothermic peak in differential scanning calorimetry of the external additive is from 50.0 to 120.0° C. during a first temperature rise,
the external additive has a shape factor SF-2 of 110 to 150 as measured in a scanning electron microscope image at a magnification of 200,000, and
Za?15 and Za/Zb?1.0
where Za (mass %)={dm×(atomic weight of the metal atom)}/[{dC×(atomic weight of carbon)}+{dO×(atomic weight of oxygen)}+{dm×(atomic weight of the metal atom)}]×100,
dm represents a concentration of the metal atom on a surface of the external additive obtained by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,
represents a concentration of carbon atom at the surface of the external additive obtained by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,
dO represents a concentration of oxygen atom at the surface of the external additive obtained by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and
Zb (mass %)=(mass of the metal atom obtained from an ash content derived from the inorganic fine particle, the ash content being obtained by heating the external additive at 900° C. for 1 hour)/(mass of the external additive)×100.

US Pat. No. 10,768,539

ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTOSENSITIVE MEMBER, PRODUCTION METHOD THEREFOR, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE-FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An electrophotographic photosensitive member comprising in this order:a support; and
a photosensitive layer, wherein
a surface layer of the electrophotographic photosensitive member contains a copolymer of a hole-transportable compound having a chain-polymerizable functional group and a compound represented by formula (1)

where X represents a divalent group obtained by removing two hydrogen atoms from a hydrocarbon having 2 to 18 carbon atoms.

US Pat. No. 10,768,538

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML NETHERLANDS B.V., V...

1. A liquid handling system for a lithographic apparatus, the lithographic apparatus comprising a substrate table configured to hold a substrate and a projection system configured to project a patterned beam onto a target portion of the substrate, the liquid handling system comprising:a barrier member arranged to extend along at least a part of a boundary of a space between the substrate table and the projection system, the barrier member comprising:
one or more liquid supply openings configured to provide liquid to the space, the one or more liquid openings arranged to face toward the substrate table and located on opposite sides of a path of the beam through the space; and
a lower horizontal surface below the one or more liquid supply openings, the lower horizontal surface arranged to face toward the substrate table.

US Pat. No. 10,768,537

LIQUID IMMERSION EXPOSURE APPARATUS

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. A liquid immersion member that forms a liquid immersion space on an object which is movable below an optical member so that an optical path of exposure light emitted from an emitting surface of the optical member is filled with liquid, the liquid immersion member comprising:a first member that is disposed at least at a portion of a surrounding of the optical member, and that has a first liquid recovery part; and
a second member under which a portion of the liquid immersion space is formed, the second member being disposed at least at a portion of a surrounding of the optical path, and the second member being movable with respect to the first member in a direction which is substantially perpendicular to an optical axis of the optical member,
wherein:
the first member has a hole which connects an upper side space of the first member and a lower side space of the first member,
the second member is moved so that a relative speed between the second member and the object is decreased compared to a relative speed between the first member and the object, and
an upper end of the hole is arranged above the emitting surface of the optical member.

US Pat. No. 10,768,536

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A liquid handling system for a lithographic apparatus having a movable table and a projection system configured to project a radiation beam onto a substrate, the liquid handling system comprising:a barrier member configured to be located adjacent the projection system to at least partly constrain liquid in a space between the projection system and the table, the barrier member comprising an extraction opening in a surface arranged to face toward the table, the extraction opening configured to remove liquid; and
a structure configured to be movable with respect to the barrier member and the table and having an aperture to allow the radiation beam to pass from the projection system to the substrate, the structure located or locatable underneath the extraction opening and having a bottom surface arranged to be located higher than a top surface of the table when the table is positioned underneath the projection system.

US Pat. No. 10,768,535

SUPPORT APPARATUS, A LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND A DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML NETHERLANDS B.V., V...

1. A support apparatus configured to support an object, the support apparatus comprising:a support body comprising an object holder to hold an object;
an opening in the support body adjacent to an edge of the object holder;
a channel in fluid communication with the opening via each of a plurality of passageways in the support body, wherein one or more of the passageways extend at angle from vertical from the opening to the channel; and
a passageway liner in at least one of the plurality of passageways, the passageway liner being thermally insulating to substantially thermally decouple the support body from fluid in the at least one of the plurality of passageways.

US Pat. No. 10,768,534

PHOTOLITHOGRAPHY APPARATUS AND METHOD AND METHOD FOR HANDLING WAFER

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. A method, comprising:contacting a plurality of fibers on a top surface of a chuck with a reticle; and
sliding the reticle relative to the top surface of the chuck along a first direction to increase a contact area between the fibers and the reticle, such that the reticle is adhered to the fibers.

US Pat. No. 10,768,533

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR GENERATING PROGRAMMED DEFECTS FOR USE IN METROLOGY MEASUREMENTS

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A system comprising:a lithography tool configured to form a multi-pattern structure including a first periodic array pattern in a first layer and a second array pattern in a second layer on a sample, wherein at least one of the first array pattern in the first layer or the second array pattern in the second layer contains a programmed defect to change the pattern of the first array pattern relative to the second array pattern to differentiate the first array pattern from the second array pattern;
a metrology tool configured to acquire one or more images of the first array pattern and the second array pattern having a field-of-view containing the programmed defect; and
a controller including one or more processors, wherein the one or more processors are configured to cause the one or more processors to execute a set of program instructions contained in memory, wherein the set of program instructions are configured to cause the one or more processors to:
receive the one or more images of the first array pattern and the second array pattern containing the programmed defect from the metrology tool; and
determine one or more metrology parameters associated with at least one of the first array pattern and the second array pattern based on the one or more images of the first array pattern and the second array pattern containing the programmed defect.

US Pat. No. 10,768,532

CO-OPTIMIZATION OF LITHOGRAPHIC AND ETCHING PROCESSES WITH COMPLEMENTARY POST EXPOSURE BAKE BY LASER ANNEALING

International Business Ma...

1. A method of co-optimizing lithographic and etching processes for semiconductor fabrication, the method comprising:determining a first set of locations for a first complementary laser annealing to be performed on at least a first semiconductor wafer of a plurality of semiconductor wafers;
after a first post-exposure baking process has been performed on at least the first semiconductor wafer, performing the first complementary laser annealing at the first set of locations on at least the first semiconductor wafer;
after an etching process has been performed on at least the first semiconductor wafer, determining a second set of locations for a second complementary laser annealing to be performed on at least a second semiconductor wafer of the plurality of semiconductor wafers; and
after a second post-exposure baking process has been performed on at least the second semiconductor wafer, performing the second complementary laser annealing at the second set of locations on at least the second semiconductor wafer.

US Pat. No. 10,768,531

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF MASKLESS LITHOGRAPHY WITH THE USE OF A CURVILINEAR HOLOGRAM

1. A system of maskless lithography for forming an image on an object with the use of a curvilinear hologram, the system comprising:a spatial light modulator holder having a concave semi-ellipsoidal surface, a first focal point, and a second focal point;
a plurality of spatial light modulators covering the concave semi-ellipsoidal surface of the spatial light modulator holder, each spatial light modulator converting a light beam falling onto said spatial light modulator into a converging image-carrying beam reflected therefrom onto the object; and
a coherent light source that emits a diverging beam and is located in the first focal point for illuminating all spatial light modulators of said plurality with the diverging beam, the object being located in an area of the second focal point.

US Pat. No. 10,768,530

DEVELOPING APPARATUS AND DEVELOPING METHOD THEREOF

HEFEI BOE DISPLAY TECHNOL...

1. A developing apparatus, comprising:a developing mechanism, wherein the developing mechanism is configured to develop substrate to be developed, and the developing mechanism comprises a transmission component and a developing liquid output component;
a heating mechanism, wherein the heating mechanism comprises a plurality of heating units, each of the plurality of heating units corresponds to at least one developing region of the substrate to be developed, and different heating units correspond to different developing regions; and
a control mechanism, wherein the control mechanism is coupled to each heating unit, and the control mechanism is configured to, when the developing mechanism develops the substrate to be developed, turn on one or more heating units corresponding to an abnormal region according to a location of the abnormal region of the substrate to be developed, so as to heat the abnormal region,
wherein the abnormal region is a pre-acquired region of the substrate to be developed, and the abnormal region corresponds to a region that on a substrate of the same type as the substrate to be developed within which a pattern size retained after the substrate of the same type is developed is larger than a target size, in a case where the substrate of the same type is not heated by the heating mechanism; wherein,
the plurality of heating units are provided above or below the transmission component, and each heating unit of the plurality of heating units is disposed independently;
the control mechanism comprises:
a processor, configured to acquire a target heating time according to a mapping relationship; the mapping relationship is a mapping relationship between a dispersion of pattern size retained after a sample substrate of the same type as the substrate to be developed is developed and a heating time of an abnormal region of the sample substrate; the target heating time is a heating time corresponding to a smallest dispersion;
a memory, configured to store the mapping relationship;
a timer, configured to control each heating unit corresponding to the abnormal region to heat the abnormal region according to the target heating time.

US Pat. No. 10,768,529

PROXIMITY EXPOSURE METHOD

V TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD., ...

1. A proximity exposure method of arranging a mask and a workpiece opposing each other with a predetermined gap therebetween and irradiating the workpiece with light for pattern exposure through the mask to expose and transfer mask patterns of the mask to a resist on the workpiece, the proximity exposure method comprising:a mask preparation step of preparing the mask of which the mask patterns are formed at a pitch larger than a resolution limit of the resist with respect to resist patterns having a minimum pitch equal to or smaller than the resolution limit of the resist;
a first exposure step of exposing and transferring the mask patterns onto the workpiece;
a movement step of relatively step-moving the mask and the workpiece by the minimum pitch of the resist patterns; and
a second exposure step of exposing and transferring the mask patterns onto the workpiece again after the movement step, wherein:
the mask includes first and second mask-side marks arranged in a relative moving direction of the mask and the workpiece in the movement process;
the workpiece includes first and second workpiece-side marks arranged in the relative moving direction of the mask and the workpiece in the movement process;
one of the first and second mask-side marks and one of the first and second workpiece-side marks are formed in a manner spaced from each other by a predetermined distance in the relative moving direction;
the other one of the first and second mask-side marks and the other one of the first and second workpiece-side marks are formed in a manner spaced from each other by a sum of the minimum pitch of the resist patterns and the predetermined distance in the relative movement direction;
in the first exposure step, alignment of the workpiece and the mask is adjusted by the first mask-side mark and the first workpiece-side mark to perform exposure; and
in the second exposure step, alignment of the workpiece and the mask is adjusted by the second mask-side mark and the second workpiece-side mark to perform exposure.

US Pat. No. 10,768,527

RESIST SOLVENTS FOR PHOTOLITHOGRAPHY APPLICATIONS

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

16. A method, comprising:providing an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) resist solution, wherein the EUV resist solution includes a first solvent and a second solvent, an amount of the first solvent being greater than an amount of the second solvent;
spin-coating the EUV resist solution over a substrate to form an EUV resist layer, wherein the spin-coating evaporates a portion of the first solvent and a portion of the second solvent such that a remaining amount of the second solvent is greater than a remaining amount of the first solvent;
performing a pre-exposure bake to the EUV resist layer;
after performing a pre-exposure bake to the EUV resist layer, exposing the EUV resist layer, resulting in an exposed EUV resist layer;
performing a post-exposure bake to the exposed EUV resist layer; and
after performing the post-exposure bake, developing the exposed EUV resist layer.

US Pat. No. 10,768,526

METHOD OF FORMING PATTERNS

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method of patterning a target material, comprising:forming a first pattern and a second pattern over a hard mask material on a target material, the first pattern overlying the second pattern;
laterally removing a portion of the first pattern without laterally removing a portion of the second pattern to form trimmed features on the second pattern;
forming first spacers on sidewalls of the trimmed features and second spacers on sidewalls of the second pattern;
removing the trimmed features to expose the second pattern;
removing exposed portions of the second pattern between the first spacers and the second spacers to form a spacer pattern;
removing exposed portions of the hard mask material between the spacer pattern to form a hard mask pattern; and
removing exposed portions of the target material between the hard mask pattern to form a target material pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,768,525

IMPRINT APPARATUS AND ARTICLE MANUFACTURING METHOD

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An apparatus for curing a material by irradiating the material with light in a state in which a mold is in contact with the material, photochemical reaction velocity of the material being proportional to a square root of an illuminance of the light with which the material is irradiated, the apparatus comprising:an irradiator configured to irradiate the material with light for curing the material;
a controller configured to control the irradiator; and
an interface configured to acquire a target value regarding a polymerization degree of the material,
wherein the controller determines that whether or not the material is cured such that a degree of polymerization of the material falls within a predetermined range of the target value, and
wherein the controller determines the irradiation time during which the material is irradiated with the light from the irradiator based on the square root of the illuminance of the light from the irradiator, with which the material is irradiated, and the target value in a case that the controller determines that the material is not cured such that the degree of the polymerization of the material falls within the predetermined range.

US Pat. No. 10,768,524

PHOTOMASK BLANK SUBSTRATE CONTAINER, METHOD FOR STORING PHOTOMASK BLANK SUBSTRATE AND METHOD FOR TRANSPORTING PHOTOMASK BLANK SUBSTRATE

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A photomask blank substrate container for containing a photomask blank substrate, comprisingan inner member having an inner cassette capable of containing the photomask blank substrate, and a retainer member for fixing the photomask blank substrate contained in the inner cassette from above,
a container main body having a lower box capable of containing the inner cassette, and an upper lid capable of engaging with the retainer member to an inside, and
a sealing tape for sealing the container main body,
the lower box engaging with the upper lid directly,
wherein the container main body and the inner member comprise a polymer-based material in which when 0.1 g of a sample thereof is retained at 40° C. for 60 minutes to release an outgas component, a total amount of the outgas detected by a gas chromatography mass spectrometer is 500 ng or less in terms of n-tetradecane,
the sealing tape is a material in which when a size of 10 mm×10 mm of a sample thereof is retained at 150° C. for 10 minutes to release an outgas component, a total amount of the outgas detected by a gas chromatography mass spectrometer is 1.0×103 ng or less in terms of n-tetradecane,
the photomask blank substrate is a material onto which a chemical amplification type resist has been coated, wherein
the container main body comprises a polymer-based material containing a polycarbonate as a main component, and a surface resistance value thereof is 2.0×104 ?/sq or less, and
the sealing tape has: (i) a substrate comprising a polymer selected from the group consisting of polyethylene terephthalate, polypropylene and polyethylene, and (ii) an adhesive surface comprising polyacrylic ester.

US Pat. No. 10,768,522

ORIGINAL PLATE

TOSHIBA MEMORY CORPORATIO...

1. An original plate comprising:a substrate;
a pattern region in which a first pattern is disposed on the substrate, the first pattern includes a first bottom surface, a first side surface and a first top surface;
a mark region in which a second pattern is disposed on the substrate, the second pattern includes a second bottom surface, a second side surface and a second top surface;
a first film provided on the second bottom surface of the second pattern and having high contrast with respect to the substrate; and
a second film provided on the first film and the second side surface of the second pattern and having a contrast with respect to the substrate lower than that of the first film, wherein the second film contacts the second side surface.

US Pat. No. 10,768,521

EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET (EUV) MASK ABSORBER AND METHOD FOR FORMING THE SAME

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...

1. An extreme ultraviolet (EUV) mask comprising:a multi-layer (ML) reflector positioned on a substrate;
a capping layer on a top surface of the ML reflector, wherein the capping layer includes vertical sidewalls and is formed of a reflective material; and
an absorber structure positioned on a top surface of the capping layer, the absorber structure including:
a bottom surface contacting a top surface of the capping layer,
a top surface of the absorber structure opposite the bottom surface, an intermediate surface having a horizontal orientation and positioned between the top surface and the bottom surface of the absorber structure,
a first inwardly concave sidewall of the absorber structure extending between the bottom surface and the intermediate surface of the absorber structure, and
a second inwardly concave sidewall of the absorber structure extending between the intermediate surface of the absorber structure and the top surface of the absorber structure,
wherein an outer edge of the top surface of the absorber structure is closer to a vertical axis passing through a central point of the bottom surface of the absorber structure than to an outer edge of the bottom surface of the absorber structure.

US Pat. No. 10,768,520

MASK ELEMENT PRECURSOR AND RELIEF IMAGE-FORMING SYSTEM

MIRACLON CORPORATION, Oa...

1. An imageable material useful for making a mask element, the imageable material consisting essentially of, in order:(a) a transparent polymeric carrier sheet;
(b) a non-ablatable light-to-heat converting (LTHC) layer disposed directly on the transparent polymeric carrier sheet, the LTHC layer having an average dry thickness of at least 1 ?m and up to and including 5 ?m, and comprising:
(i) a first infrared radiation absorbing material in an amount of at least 0.1 weight % and up to and including 5 weight %;
(ii) a thermally crosslinked organic polymeric binder material; and
(iii) non-thermally ablatable particles having an average particle size of at least 0.1 ?m and up to and including 20 ?m and that are present in an amount of at least 0.2 weight % and up to and including 10 weight %, all weight percentages being based on the total dry weight of the LTHC layer;
(c) a non-silver halide thermally-ablatable imaging layer (IL) disposed directly on the LTHC layer, the IL comprising a second infrared radiation absorbing material and a UV-light absorbing material dispersed within one or more thermally-ablatable polymeric binder materials; and
the imageable material optionally further comprising (d) a transparent polymeric overcoat layer disposed directly on the IL.

US Pat. No. 10,768,519

OVERHEAD FRAME CORNERS FOR MOTION PICTURE AND STILL PHOTOGRAPHY

1. Corner structures for overhead frames of the type that are well-known articles of trade, each of said corner structures comprising a length of tubular material formed into a right angle, said right angle comprising a vertical leg and a horizontal leg, the ends of said tubular material forming sockets oriented at 90° to one another, each of said sockets capable of receiving a side of an overhead frame, the improvement comprising secondary fastener components affixed to two of said corner structures, a first corner of said corner structures designated as a latch corner and a second corner of said corner structures designated as a strike corner, said secondary fastener components comprising a latch retainer, a strike retainer, and a latch assembly,(a) said latch retainer comprising a first section of flat, rigid material having an upper face and a lower face, said latch retainer having a predetermined length and a width substantially equal to or less than the outside diameter of said horizontal leg of said latch corner and comprising a threaded bore therethrough at a predetermined location, said latch retainer permanently affixed to said vertical leg of said latch corner in an orientation that is parallel to said horizontal leg of said latch corner, said lower face oriented toward said horizontal leg and at such a distance away from said horizontal leg that a swing side may be placed between said lower face and the upper surface of said horizontal leg,
(b) said strike retainer comprising a second section of flat, rigid material having an upper face and a lower face, said strike retainer having a predetermined length and a width substantially equal to or less than the outside diameter of said horizontal leg of said strike corner and comprising a threaded bore therethrough at a predetermined location, said strike retainer permanently affixed to said vertical leg of said strike corner in an orientation that is parallel to said horizontal leg of said strike corner, said lower face oriented toward said horizontal leg and at such a distance away from said horizontal leg that a swing side may be placed between said lower face and the upper surface of said horizontal leg,
(c) said latch assembly comprising
(1) a latch member, said latch member constructed of a third section of flat, rigid material of predetermined size and comprising a bore therethrough near one end of said third section and an elongated notch therethrough near the other end of said third section, said latch member being moveably fastened to said latch retainer by
(2) a latch bolt, said latch bolt passing through said bore of said latch member and threadedly mating into said threaded bore of said latch retainer so that said latch member may be moved radially around the central axis of said bolt, said latch assembly also comprising
(3) a strike assembly, said strike assembly comprising a threaded stud and a knob, said threaded stud comprising a lower end and an upper end, said lower end being threadedly mated into said threaded bore of said strike retainer so that said elongated notch of said latch member may radially engage said threaded stud when said latch corner and said strike corner are together positioned in an alpha orientation, said upper end of said threaded stud mated with said knob so that said knob may be tensioned against said latch member when said elongated notch of said latch member is engaged with said threaded stud, thus securing engagement of said latch member with said threaded stud and thereby rigidly joining said latch corner to said strike corner,
whereby said alpha orientation of said overhead frames is maintained; protrusions extending beyond a distal rectangular periphery of an alpha-oriented frame are eliminated; the width of alpha-oriented components is reduced; and said overhead frames disassembled into a prime configuration may be quickly, efficiently, and rigidly bundled into said alpha orientation without the use of wasteful, cumbersome, and time-consuming materials.

US Pat. No. 10,768,518

LIGHT SOURCE APPARATUS AND IMAGE PROJECTION APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A light source apparatus comprising:a first light source configured to generate first light;
a phosphor to be excited by the first light to generate second light;
a second light source configured to generate third light; and
a spectroscopic optical element configured to reflect the first light to the phosphor and to combine the first light reflected without being absorbed by the phosphor, the second light, and the third light with one another,
wherein the spectroscopic optical element has a first area and a second area,
wherein the first area has a spectral characteristic of reflecting the first light, of transmitting the second light, and of reflecting the third light, and
wherein the second area has a spectral characteristic of transmitting the first light and the second light, and of reflecting the third light.

US Pat. No. 10,768,517

LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE AND PROJECTOR

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A light source device comprising:a light emission element;
a polarization separation element on which a light emitted from the light emission element is incident, and that separates the light into a first component of light polarized in a first direction and a second component of light polarized in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction;
a phase difference element on which the first component of light is incident, and that converts the first component of light to a circularly polarized light;
a condensing optical system on which the circularly polarized light is incident;
an optical element on which the circularly polarized light transmitted through the condensing optical system is incident, wherein
the polarization separation element is provided on a light path between the light emission element and the condensing optical system,
the phase difference element is provided on a light path between the polarization separation element and the condensing optical system,
the optical element includes a reflection surface from which the circularly polarized light is reflected,
the circularly polarized light reflected from the reflection surface is incident on the condensing optical system,
the circularly polarized light transmitted through the condensing optical system is incident on the phase difference element, and that is converted to a third component of light polarized in the second direction,
the third component of light is incident on the polarization separation element,
the condensing optical system includes a first lens and a second lens, the first lens being formed of quartz,
the first lens is disposed at a position closest to the phase difference element in the condensing optical system,
the first lens has an aspheric surface with a negative conic constant on a side of the phase difference element,
the first lens has a curve surface with a radius of curvature of 1000 mm or more or a planar surface on a side facing away from the phase difference element, and
an absolute value of a curvature of the aspheric surface is greater than an absolute value of a curvature of the curve surface or the planar surface.

US Pat. No. 10,768,516

PROJECTOR WITH LASER AND PHOSPHOR

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A projector comprising:a laser source;
a glass wheel optically coupled to the laser source, and comprising:
a first surface comprising:
a first arc of a phosphor deposited at a first distance from a center of the glass wheel; and
a second arc of the phosphor deposited at a second distance from the center of the glass wheel; and
a second surface opposite the first surface, and comprising a light direction device optically coupled to the laser source and the first arc of the phosphor.

US Pat. No. 10,768,515

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ULTRA-DENSE LED PROJECTOR USING THINNED GALLIUM NITRIDE

Tectus Corporation, Sara...

1. A method for manufacturing a femtoprojector display, the method comprising:attaching a frontplane die to a backplane die, the backplane die comprising an array of LED driver circuits on a backplane substrate, and the frontplane die comprising a gallium nitride region grown on a frontplane substrate, where attaching the frontplane die to the backplane die comprises bonding a metal layer on the frontplane die to a metal layer on the backplane die, and where the bonding uses a bonding agent selected from aluminum; indium tin oxide; aluminum-doped zinc oxide; aluminum with a surface coating of silicon, germanium or titanium; Sn solder and In solder;
removing the frontplane substrate;
thinning the gallium nitride region; and
patterning the gallium nitride region into individual LED pillars having an active region of width not more than 2 um, where thinning the gallium nitride region reduces a height of the individual LED pillars as measured from the active region to a top of the gallium nitride region to less than 3 um.

US Pat. No. 10,768,514

OPERATING DEVICE FOR ROTATING ROTATION BODY BY LEVER OPERATION AND PROJECTION APPARATUS INCLUDING OPERATING DEVICE

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. An operating device which rotates a cylindrical rotation body by lever operation to adjust a rotation angle, the operating device comprising:a lever that is linearly movable along a direction orthogonal to a rotation axis of the rotation body;
the rotation body that is rotated by lever operation; and
an arm that is fixed to the rotation body and transmits a movement of the lever as a rotational force to the rotation body,
wherein the arm has a shape extending from the rotation body toward the lever in a state where a position of the lever is at the farthest position within a movable range from a reference line passing through a rotation center of the rotation body and orthogonal to a direction which is orthogonal to the rotation axis of the rotation body, and
wherein the lever includes:
an insertion opening which allows the arm to insert to the insertion opening; and
an opening formed on a surface facing in an operating direction such that a tip end side of the arm inserted into an internal space of the lever can enter and exit the opening in accordance with the movement of the lever.

US Pat. No. 10,768,513

PROJECTION DEVICE AND PROJECTION METHOD

Coretronic Corporation, ...

1. A projection device, comprising at least one projection module and at least one adjusting structure,the at least one projection module having at least one optical axis, the at least one projection module being adapted to provide an image beam, wherein the image beam is transmitted along a light transmission path to a projection target and forms a projection image;
the at least one adjusting structure being connected to the projection module, wherein the adjusting structure is adapted to drive at least a part of the projection module to rotate along the optical axis such that the projection image rotates,
wherein the projection module comprises a light source, a light valve, and a lens set, the light source is adapted to provide an illumination beam, the light valve is located on a transmission path of the illumination beam and adapted to convert the illumination beam to the image beam, the lens set is located on a transmission path of the image beam and adapted to transmit the image beam to an outside of the projection module,
wherein the adjusting structure is connected to the projection module, the adjusting structure is adapted to drive at least a part of the projection module to rotate along a first axis or move along a first direction such that the projection image moves horizontally, and the adjusting structure is adapted to drive at least a part of the projection module to rotate along a second axis or move along a second direction such that the projection image moves vertically,
wherein the first axis, the second axis, and the optical axis are perpendicular to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,768,512

PICTURE DISPLAY APPARATUS

IZUMI-COSMO COMPANY, LIMI...

1. A picture display apparatus, comprising:a projection device configured to project a picture;
a display body including a display surface to display the picture projected by the projection device; and
a body support supporting the display body,
wherein: the projection device is supported on the display body and protrudes in a facing direction of the display surface to project the picture on the display surface;
the body support includes a movable body support supporting the display body in a movable manner, and a direction limiting support configured to limit and support the movable body support to be raised upward in the opposite direction from the display surface;
the body support includes a lift unit configured to raise and lower the display body and;
the lift unit is configured to move the display body in an opposite direction from the display surface when the display body is raised; and
the lift unit includes the movable body support and the direction limiting support.

US Pat. No. 10,768,511

IMAGING DEVICE

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. An imaging device, comprising:an imaging device main-body; and
an accessory holding unit mountable to and removable from the imaging device main-body, wherein
the imaging device main-body includes a main-body side mounting/removing portion for mounting and removing the accessory holding unit,
the main-body side mounting/removing portion includes a first engaged portion, a second engaged portion, a locked portion, and a first connection terminal having an electrical contact,
the accessory holding unit includes a first engaging portion, a second engaging portion, a locking portion, and a second connection terminal,
the main-body side mounting/removing portion includes a first mounting/removing movable portion which is disposed adjacent to the first engaged portion and is movable between a non-mounted position and a mounted position, and a second mounting/removing movable portion which is disposed adjacent to the second engaged portion, the locked portion, and the first connection terminal and is movable between a non-mounted position and a mounted position,
when the accessory holding unit is mounted to the imaging device main-body, by pressing by the accessory holding unit, the first mounting/removing movable portion and the second mounting/removing movable portion are moved to the mounted positions, the first engaging portion and the first engaged portion are engaged with each other, the second engaged portion and the second engaging portion are engaged with each other, the locking portion and the locked portion are locked to each other, and the first connection terminal and the second connection terminal are electrically connected to each other, and
when an accessory component is mounted only to the first engaged portion of the main-body side mounting/removing portion, by pressing by the accessory component, the first mounting/removing movable portion is moved to the mounted position to secure a mounting space for a mounting operation of the accessory component, and the second mounting/removing movable portion is held at the non-mounted position to protect the second engaged portion, the locked portion, and the first connection terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,768,510

PANORAMIC CAMERA MOUNT

Really Right Stuff, LLC, ...

1. An integrated panoramic device comprising:(a) a base having a lower surface suitable for supporting said base;
(b) a first clamp member secured for rotation to said base and comprising a first clamp surface rotatable about a single axis substantially normal to said lower surface, said panoramic device being free from and incapable of said first clamp surface being rotatable about an axis other than said single axis substantially normal to said lower surface;
(c) a second clamp member including a second clamp surface slidably secured to said first clamp member and movable as a result of movement of a first member to approach said second clamp surface relative to said first clamp surface to clamp an article therebetween and movable as a result of movement of said first member to separate said second clamp surface relative to said first clamp surface to release an article clamped between said first clamp surface and said second clamp surface;
(d) a second member as a result of movement to selectively impede relative rotation of said first clamp member and said base, said first clamp member and said second clamp member not releasable from said base by movement of said second member, said first clamp member rotatable through 360 degrees with respect to said base; and
(e) wherein said first member is engaged with said first clamp member, wherein said first member extends within at least a portion of said second clamp member.

US Pat. No. 10,768,509

ON-CAMERA FLASHLIGHT

YUEQING CHUANGYI PHOTOGRA...

1. An on-camera flashlight, comprising a lower light holder and a top light holder freely rotatably connected to the lower light holder; a flashlight light source disposed on a top portion of the top light holder; a high wattage light emitting diode disposed on a side of the top light holder facing a lens of the camera for providing fill light as a constant light source.

US Pat. No. 10,768,508

INTEGRATED SENSOR-OPTICAL COMPONENT ACCESSORY FOR IMAGE CAPTURE DEVICE

GoPro, Inc., San Mateo, ...

1. An image capturing system, comprising:an integrated sensor-optical component accessory configured to capture image information, and
an image capturing device including:
a body;
an image sensor internal to the body, the image sensor configured to capture image information;
an optical component structured on the body, the optical component configured to direct light to the image sensor; and
a processor configured to process selected image information,
wherein the image capturing device and the processor are configurable based on identification data received from the integrated sensor-optical component accessory when the integrated sensor-optical component accessory is releasably attached to the image capturing device.

US Pat. No. 10,768,507

VIBRATION DEVICE AND IMAGING DEVICE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A vibration device comprising:a vibration body including a light-transmitting portion including first and second main surfaces opposing each other and a vibration portion that is continuous with the light-transmitting portion and vibrates with a main vibration together with the light-transmitting portion; and
a piezoelectric vibrator fixed to the vibration portion; wherein
a plurality of localized vibration portions that generate a localized vibration different from the main vibration, are provided at a position not overlapping with a center or approximate center of the light-transmitting portion.

US Pat. No. 10,768,506

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY APPARATUS USING THE SAME

HKC Corporation Limited, ...

1. A display panel, comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate;
a liquid crystal layer, disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate;
an image sensing module, disposed on the second substrate facing a side of the first substrate; and
a driving module, disposed on the second substrate facing the side of the first substrate for driving a plurality of liquid crystal molecules distributed in the liquid crystal layer;
wherein, the plurality of liquid crystal molecules are disposed between the image sensing module and the first substrate, a vertical electric field is formed between the first substrate and the second substrate and drives the plurality of liquid crystal molecules to form a liquid crystal lens, the image sensing module is configured to receive the image light focused by the liquid crystal lens, and the liquid crystal lens is configured to adjust the focus of the image sensing module.

US Pat. No. 10,768,505

DRIVER ASSISTANCE APPARATUS AND VEHICLE

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A driver assistance apparatus comprising:a camera provided in a vehicle and configured to acquire an image;
an input unit; and
a processor configured to process the image,
wherein the camera comprises:
an image sensor, and
a variable lens comprising a liquid crystal layer and configured to alter light that is introduced into the image sensor based on an arrangement of liquid crystal molecules included in the liquid crystal layer, the arrangement of the liquid crystal molecules in the liquid crystal layer being dependent on an applied voltage, and
wherein the processor is configured to:
alter a focal distance of the variable lens by controlling the arrangement of the liquid crystal molecules,
control a power-on and a power-off of at least one Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) of the vehicle in response to an input signal received via the input unit,
change the focal distance of the variable lens according to the ADAS based on the ADAS being powered on in response to the input signal,
detect an object in the image acquired via the camera,
vary the focal distance of the variable lens based on the object detected in the image,
track variations in the object detected in the image based on varying the focal distance of the variable lens, and
determine a distance to the object based on the tracked variations in the object that result from varying the focal distance.

US Pat. No. 10,768,504

FIBER ASSEMBLY, DISPLAY UNIT, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A display unit comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate that are disposed to face each other; and
a display body disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate,
the display body including a migrating particle and a fiber assembly in an insulating liquid, the fiber assembly being different in optical reflection property from the migrating particle,
the fiber assembly including a fiber,
the fiber including
a core part that contains a coloring compound, a photothermal conversion material, and a color developer/reducer, and
a sheath part that covers the core part and has a heat-insulating property.

US Pat. No. 10,768,503

TWO RAIL DESIGN AND SAFETY CIRCUIT FOR ELECTROCHROMIC WINDOWS

KINESTRAL TECHNOLOGIES, I...

1. A driver for an electrochromic device, comprising:a power supply;
a plurality of switches, coupled to the power supply and configurable to couple to an electrochromic device having a first terminal and a second terminal; and
circuitry configurable to direct the plurality of switches to connect and disconnect a positive voltage of the power supply to the first terminal of the electrochromic device, and connect and disconnect a negative voltage of the power supply to the first terminal of the electrochromic device.

US Pat. No. 10,768,502

SYNAPTIC ELECTRONIC DEVICES WITH ELECTROCHROMIC DEVICE

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A synaptic electronic device, comprising:a substrate comprising silicon;
an electrochromic stack disposed on a surface of the substrate, the electrochromic stack comprises a first transparent electrode layer, a cathodic electrochromic layer, a solid electrolyte layer comprising zirconium oxide, an anodic electrochromic layer, and a second transparent electrode layer;
a photosensitive layer disposed on the electrochromic stack; and
a pair of electrodes disposed on and at opposing ends of the photosensitive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,768,501

TILED ELECTROCHROMIC DEVICES ON CARRIER GLASS AND METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

KINESTRAL TECHNOLOGIES, I...

1. A tiled electrochromic (EC) device, comprising:a carrier glass;
a first EC device laminated to the carrier glass comprising a first active area, a first clear state and a first dark state;
a second EC device laminated to the carrier glass comprising a second active area, a second clear state and a second dark state;
a third active area comprising the first active area and second active areas; and
a seam between the first and second EC devices;
wherein:
the carrier glass has an area greater than 2 m2;
the first and second clear states comprise a CIE-Lab L* in transmission from 70 to 95, b* in transmission from ?8 to 8, and a* in transmission from ?4 to 4;
the third active area comprises a third clear state, a third dark state, and a plurality of tint states between the third clear state and the third dark state, wherein the plurality of tint states are along a continuum of tints comprising a Tvis from 0.1% to 80%; and
a deltaE between any two points within the third active area of the tiled EC device in transmission is less than 10 in the third clear state, the third dark state, and at all tint states in the plurality of tint states, across the large area tiled EC device in all lateral dimensions.

US Pat. No. 10,768,500

ELECTROCHROMIC SYSTEMS FOR HEAD-WORN COMPUTER SYSTEMS

Mentor Acquisition One, L...

1. A system, comprising:a head-mountable frame having a front portion and a rear portion;
a lens coupled to the front portion of the head-mountable frame;
a front surface disposed between the lens and the rear portion of the head-mountable frame;
a transmissive display disposed below the front surface and further disposed between the lens and the rear portion of the head-mountable frame; and
one or more processors,
wherein the lens obscures a view of the front surface.

US Pat. No. 10,768,499

DISPLAY DEVICE, OPERATING METHOD OF DISPLAY DEVICE, AND PIXEL CIRCUIT OF DISPLAY DEVICE

AU OPTRONICS CORPORATION,...

1. An operating method of a display device, comprising:applying a first electric field to a first portion of a first liquid crystal display medium, wherein the first liquid crystal display medium is disposed between a first substrate and a second substrate; and
applying a second electric field to a second portion of the first liquid crystal display medium;
wherein, the first electric field and the second electric field are parallel to the first substrate, and the intensity of the first electric field is operatively different from that of the second electric field;
providing a first-color light toward the first liquid crystal display medium in a first sub-liquid crystal display medium in a first sub-frame, wherein the first electric field and the second electric field have different intensities in the first sub-frame; and
providing a second-color light toward the first liquid crystal display medium in a second sub-frame, wherein the first electric field and the second electric field provided by an electric field applying component have a same intensity in a second sub-frame.

US Pat. No. 10,768,498

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:a first substrate;
an opposing second substrate; and
a liquid crystal layer interposed between the first substrate and the second substrate, the liquid crystal layer consisting of:
liquid crystal molecules represented by Chemical Formula 1 in an amount of 7% by weight to 13% by weight of the liquid crystal layer;
liquid crystal molecules represented by Chemical Formula 2 in an amount of 23% by weight to 29% by weight of the liquid crystal layer;
liquid crystal molecules represented by Chemical Formula 3 in an amount of 1% by weight to 5% by weight of the liquid crystal layer;
liquid crystal molecules represented by Chemical Formula 4 in an amount of 39% by weight to 47% by weight of the liquid crystal layer;
liquid crystal molecules represented by Chemical Formula 5 in an amount of 10% by weight to 16% by weight of the liquid crystal layer;
liquid crystal molecules represented by Chemical Formula 7 in an amount of 3% by weight to 9% by weight of the liquid crystal layer;
wherein Chemical Formulas 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 7 are as follows:

wherein, in Chemical Formulas 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 7, R and R? are each independently an alkyl or an alkoxy group having 1 to 7 carbons.

US Pat. No. 10,768,497

HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGING SYSTEM

Xerox Corporation, Norwa...

1. A hyperspectral imaging system, comprising:a first light source outputting first light configured to illuminate an image bearing surface;
an input polarizer disposed within a device housing including an aperture arranged to receive and polarize the first light illuminating the image bearing surface and received via the aperture;
a liquid crystal variable retarder disposed within the device housing and arranged after the input polarizer along a path of the first light to change a polarization of the first light in a wavelength-dependent manner;
an output polarizer disposed within the device housing and arranged to receive the wavelength-dependent polarized first light and to convert polarization state information of the first light into a form detectable as light intensity;
a voltage source electrically connected to the liquid crystal variable retarder;
a controller connected to the voltage source, the controller configured to control voltages applied to the liquid crystal variable retarder to control a retardance of the first light;
a linear image sensor disposed within the device housing and having a length extending in a direction to obtain images of the first light, the linear image sensor synchronized with the controller to collect the images as a function of retardance of the liquid crystal variable retarder after the first light passes through the output polarizer, for generation of an output signal corresponding to a portion of the linear image sensor; and
an internal light source disposed within the device housing, which internal light source is separate and distinct from the first light source, arranged to output second light emitted from within the housing and directly towards the input polarizer and the linear image sensor such that second light emitted by the internal light source from within the housing is received by the linear image sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,768,496

THIN FILM TRANSISTOR SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY PANEL

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A thin film transistor substrate comprising:a gate line;
a thin film transistor at least including
a gate electrode formed from a part of the gate line,
a channel section formed from an oxide semiconductor film and disposed such that a part of the channel section overlaps the gate electrode,
a source section connected to one end of the channel section, and
a drain section connected to another end of the channel section and formed from the oxide semiconductor film having resistance lower than that of the channel section,
a pixel electrode a part of which overlaps the drain section and connected to the drain section;
a pixel at least including the thin film transistor and the pixel electrode;
an insulation film disposed between the pixel electrode and the drain section and having a hole in a position overlapping the pixel electrode and the drain section and not overlapping the gate electrode; and
a lower insulation film included in a lower layer of the insulation film and having a lower hole overlapping a whole area of the drain section.

US Pat. No. 10,768,495

DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING A FIRST ELECTRODE WITH AN OPENING OVERLAPPING WITH A SECOND ELECTRODE

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A display device comprising:an insulating base material;
a plurality of video lines and a plurality of scanning lines provided over the insulating base material;
a light shielding film overlapping with the plurality of video lines and the plurality of scanning lines;
a first electrode and a second electrode provided in a sub-pixel region surrounded by the plurality of video lines and the plurality of scanning lines in plan view;
a transistor electrically connected to the first electrode through a contact hole;
a liquid crystal layer driven by an electric field generated between the first electrode and the second electrode; and
a first insulating layer provided between the first electrode and the second electrode,
wherein the insulating base material, the first electrode, the first insulating layer, the second electrode, and the liquid crystal layer are disposed in this order,
wherein the second electrode overlaps with the plurality of video lines and the plurality of scanning lines, and has an opening overlapping with the first electrode,
wherein, in a light transmission region surrounded by the light shielding film, the first electrode has a linear shape portion without a branching portion, a main part of the linear shape portion being disposed within the opening and the main part being over half of the linear shape portion,
wherein the opening does not overlap the contact hole, and
wherein a width of the opening is larger than a width of the linear shape portion in a direction intersecting an extending direction of the linear shape portion.

US Pat. No. 10,768,494

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device comprising:a substrate that has a plurality of scanning lines extending in a first direction and arrayed in a second direction, and a plurality of video signal lines extending in a second direction and arrayed in the first direction, wherein
the scanning lines include a first scanning line, which intersects with the plurality of video signal line in the display area and extends toward a peripheral area outside the display area, and a second scanning line formed in the peripheral area,
a peripheral wiring formed along a boundary of the display area in the peripheral area and formed to overlap with the second scanning line, and
the first scanning line and the second scanning line are connected by a third scanning line between the peripheral wiring and the display area,
the third scanning line extends in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,768,493

SUBSTRATE FOR DISPLAY APPARATUS AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A substrate for a display apparatus comprising:a first substrate;
a translucent coloring layer disposed on the first substrate;
a first translucent resin layer disposed on the translucent coloring layer;
a light shielding layer that is a matrix of light shielding parts and disposed on the first translucent resin layer;
a second translucent resin layer disposed on the light shielding layer; and
an orientation film disposed on the second translucent resin layer,
wherein
the first translucent resin layer includes a frame region part that is in contact with the first substrate in a part of a frame region arranged around a display region in which light is transmitted through the translucent coloring layer, and
the frame region part of the first translucent resin layer extends along one side of the first substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,768,492

ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, DISPLAY PANEL AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display panel, comprising an array substrate, a liquid crystal layer, and an opposite substrate,wherein the opposite substrate is disposed opposite to the array substrate, and the liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between the opposite substrate and the array substrate;
the array substrate comprises a plurality of sub-pixels arranged in an array;
each of the sub-pixels comprises a display area and an interference area, the display area and the interference area are disposed side by side and configured to be independently driven, and the interference area is located on at least one side of the display area adjacent to a neighboring sub-pixel;
the display area comprises a first pixel electrode, the interference area comprises a second pixel electrode, and the first pixel electrode is electrically insulated from the second pixel electrode;
the display area and the interference area are configured so that in a case where each of the display area and the interference area is driven, light emitted from the interference area and transmitted through the opposite substrate interferes with light from an adjacent pixel to allow the display panel have a first viewing angle, and in a case where the display area is driven and the interference area is not driven, the display panel has a second viewing angle, wherein the first viewing angle is smaller than the second viewing angle;
the display panel further comprises a black matrix on the opposite substrate; and
the black matrix comprises a black matrix line disposed between adjacent sub-pixels, and a line width of the black matrix line allows at least a portion of light emitted from the interference area of each of the adjacent sub-pixels to be irradiated into the adjacent sub-pixels, and the black matrix is absent in the interference area.

US Pat. No. 10,768,491

ARRAY SUBSTRATE COMPRISING A PLURALITY OF FIRST PIXEL ELECTRODE STRIPS AND FIRST COMMON ELECTRODE STRIPS ARRANGED SYMMETRICALLY WITH RESPECT TO A SUB-AREA SYMMETRY AXIS OF A PIXEL UNIT SUB-AREA AND MANUFACTURE METHOD THEREOF, DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEV

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An array substrate, comprising:a base substrate, and a plurality of pixel units that are arranged in an array on the base substrate, wherein each of the pixel units comprises:
a pixel electrode, wherein the pixel electrode comprises a plurality of first pixel electrode strips and a plurality of first slits that are arranged between adjacent first pixel electrode strips, and the plurality of first pixel electrode strips are arranged substantially in parallel in a first direction;
a common electrode that is arranged in a different layer from the pixel electrode, wherein the common electrode comprises a plurality of first common electrode strips and a plurality of second slits that are arranged between adjacent first common electrode strips, and the plurality of first common electrode strips are arranged substantially in parallel in the first direction,
wherein each of the first common electrode strips overlaps at least one of the first pixel electrode strips;
each pixel unit comprises at least one pixel unit sub-area, the pixel unit sub-area has a sub-area symmetry axis, the first pixel electrode strips of the pixel electrode in the pixel unit sub-area are arranged with respect to the sub-area symmetry axis symmetrically, and the first common electrode strips of the common electrode in the pixel unit sub-area are arranged with respect to the sub-area symmetry axis symmetrically,
in the pixel unit sub-area, on either side of the sub-area symmetry axis, a center line, which is extended in an extending direction of each first common electrode strip, of the each first common electrode strip is farther away from or closer to the sub-area symmetry axis than a center line, which is extended in an extending direction of the at least one of the first pixel electrode strips, of the at least one of the first pixel electrode strips that the each first common electrode strip overlaps.

US Pat. No. 10,768,490

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE WITH PATTERNED ALIGNMENT LAYER FOR IMPROVED BRIGHTNESS

Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A liquid crystal device (LCD) comprising:a liquid crystal (LC) layer;
an electrode arrangement configured to apply an electric field to the LC layer, the electrode arrangement including a patterned electrode layer having a plurality of individual electrode elements and adjacent individual electrode elements are spaced apart from each other by an inter-electrode gap; and
a patterned alignment structure that is deposited on the patterned electrode layer and is positioned to align LC molecules of the LC layer;
wherein the patterned alignment structure is configured such that a stronger anchoring energy is present at electrode edges of the individual electrode elements of the patterned electrode layer, as compared to a weaker anchoring energy present at electrode centers of the individual electrode elements and/or present at least at a portion of the inter-electrode gaps between adjacent individual electrode elements.

US Pat. No. 10,768,489

DISPLAY PANEL WITH SPACERS AND WALLS FOR THE SPACERS, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display panel comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate opposite each other;
a spacer located on the first substrate; and
at least two walls located on the second substrate, wherein the at least two walls form a recess region, wherein the spacer corresponds to the recess region, and wherein the at least two walls are configured to limit movement of the spacer;
wherein the wall comprises:
a body layer, which is located on the second substrate and protrudes from the second substrate toward the first substrate; and
a buffer layer, which is located on a surface of the body layer facing the first substrate;
wherein a surface roughness of the buffer layer is less than that of the body layer;
wherein a hardness of the buffer layer is less than that of the body layer;
wherein the body layer is formed of a source/drain electrode material and an active layer material;
wherein the buffer layer is formed of a photoresist material;
wherein the display panel further comprises a bulge located in the recess region of the second substrate and in contact with the spacer; and
wherein the bulge is formed of a source/drain electrode material.

US Pat. No. 10,768,488

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Panasonic Liquid Crystal ...

1. A method for manufacturing a liquid crystal display device, the method comprising:a first substrate preparing step of preparing a first substrate including a plurality of source lines and a plurality of gate lines;
a second substrate preparing step of preparing a second substrate including a color filter;
a substrate bonding step of bonding the first substrate and the second substrate together using a first seal member; and
a first cutting step of cutting the first substrate along a first cutting line overlapping at least one of the plurality of source lines and the plurality of gate lines in plan view,
wherein in the substrate bonding step, the first seal member is disposed in a manner that at least a part of the first seal member overlaps the color filter in plan view.

US Pat. No. 10,768,487

LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR

HKC Corporation Limited, ...

1. A method for manufacturing a liquid crystal panel, comprising:providing a second substrate body;
forming color filters on the second substrate body, wherein a plurality of photo spacers are located on the second substrate body, wherein the color filters comprise a plurality of color filters disposed in parallel, and a material of one of the plurality of color filters is the same as a material of the photo spacer;
forming a second electrode on the color filters;
providing a first substrate disposed opposite to the second substrate, wherein the photo spacers are located between the first substrate and the second substrate, and are used to define a liquid crystal interval space, and fill up the liquid crystal interval space;
forming a liquid crystal layer between the first substrate and the second substrate; and
adjusting luminance sensibility, transmittance, and chrominance of the material of the photo spacers such that the material of the photo spacers is the same as the material of a white pixel when forming the color filters,
wherein when the white pixel is formed, formation of the photo spacers is completed, and a required segment gap of the photo spacers is made, and
wherein by adjusting the developing process and photosensitive characteristics of the material of the photo spacers, such that indium tin oxide is formed discontinuous and naturally interrupted at a position of the photo spacers.

US Pat. No. 10,768,486

DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a first substrate comprising a plurality of pixel electrodes arranged in a first direction and a second direction intersecting the first direction, each of the pixel electrodes comprising a unit pixel electrode;
a second substrate comprising a common electrode on which an opening pattern is formed; and
a liquid crystal layer disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate,
wherein the unit pixel electrode comprises:
a central electrode portion comprising a plurality of diagonal sides, a plurality of connection sides, a cross slit extending in the first and second directions, and a plurality of central branch slits extending from the cross slit; and
a branch electrode portion comprising a plurality of branch electrodes protruding from each of the diagonal sides,
wherein the connection sides comprise first connection sides extending in the first direction and second connection sides extending in the second direction, and
wherein the central electrode portion has first outer areas adjacent to the first connection sides and on which first control slits extending in the first direction are respectively formed.

US Pat. No. 10,768,484

DISPLAY DEVICE

LG ELECTRUNECS INC., Seo...

1. A backlight unit, comprising:a frame having a bottom area and a sidewall area extended from the bottom area;
a substrate located on the bottom area of the frame;
a reflection sheet located on the substrate and having a hole;
a light source located on the substrate and disposed in the hole;
a lens located on the light source and comprising a first surface, a second surface forming a bottom surface of the lens and facing the first surface, a third surface connecting the first surface and the second surface; and
a plurality of lens extension parts extended outwardly from the third surface,
wherein the plurality of lens extension parts comprises at least one first lens extension part that overlaps at least a portion of the reflection sheet,
wherein a bottom surface of the at least one first lens extension part is substantially the same level as the second surface of the lens,
wherein the second surface of the lens comprises a concave part facing the light source,
wherein a mounting part of the second surface protrudes from the second surface between the concave part and the plurality of lens extension parts, and
wherein a height of the mounting part is smaller than a height of the at least one first lens extension part.

US Pat. No. 10,768,483

OPTICAL SHEET TENSIONING DEVICE

Manufacturing Resources I...

1. An assembly for an electronic display comprising:a backlight;
an optical sheet located adjacent to the electronic display and the backlight;
a housing for said backlight, said optical sheet, and said electronic display;
an aperture located in said optical sheet and positioned along a perimeter edge of said optical sheet; and
a spring assembly having a first component which extends through said aperture and a second component which is connected to said first component and said housing, wherein said spring assembly is configured to exert tensioning forces on said optical sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,768,482

FLEXIBLE HOLDING DEVICE FOR A LIGHT SOURCE

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A holding device formed of a plate-shaped body and for holding a rod-shaped light source in parallel to a main plane of extension of the plate-shaped body, comprising:a first portion being a frame portion; and
a second portion being a clamping portion; wherein:
the first portion and the second portion extend at least partly in said main plane of extension and define a slit that extends in said main plane of extension between the first portion and the second portion; and
the second portion is movable relative to the first portion from a first position, before insertion of the rod-shaped light source, in which the first portion and the second portion form a slit for receiving the rod-shaped light source, and to at least a second position, after insertion of the rod-shaped light source, in which the second portion clamps the rod-shaped light source in the slit against the first portion, therewith providing a mechanical support and securing of the rod-shaped light source and enabling heat transfer between the rod-shaped light source and the holding device.

US Pat. No. 10,768,481

DIRECT TYPE BACKLIGHT AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

Hefei BOE Optoelectronics...

1. A light source, comprising:a light emitting module comprising a substrate and a plurality of light emitting units arranged on the substrate; and
a lens film layer positioned on a light emitting side of the light emitting module, wherein one side of the lens film layer away from the substrate is provided with a plurality of collimating structures arranged in an array, and each of the collimating structures comprises at least one convex surface structure,
wherein the plurality of collimating structures are in one-to-one correspondence with the plurality of light emitting units, and an area of an orthographic projection of each of light emitting units on the substrate is within an area of an orthographic projection of corresponding one of the collimating structures on the substrate, and
wherein each of the collimating structures comprises a first convex surface structure and at least one annular convex surface structure arranged around the first convex surface structure, and a focal point of the first convex surface structure coincides with a focal point of the at least one annular convex surface structure.

US Pat. No. 10,768,480

BACKLIGHT UNIT AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:a display panel including a red pixel, a green pixel, and a blue pixel; and
a backlight unit configured to emit light to the display panel, the backlight unit including:
a light source configured to output a first color light;
a color conversion layer configured to convert the first color light into a second color light;
an optical sheet configured to diffuse the second color light; and
an air gap between the color conversion layer and the optical sheet,
wherein the optical sheet includes:
a first light condensing portion including a first support layer and a first lens layer located above the first support layer;
a second light condensing portion including a second support layer and a second lens layer located above the second support layer; and
a diffusion portion located below the first light condensing portion, the diffusion portion including a third support layer and a diffusion layer located above the third support layer,
wherein the first and second lens layers include first and second light condensing patterns, the first and second light condensing patterns have trapezoidal column shapes having widths which become narrower as a distance from the first and second support layers increases, and the first and second light condensing patterns have trapezoidal cross sections and top surfaces, and
wherein reflection patterns are positioned on the top surfaces.

US Pat. No. 10,768,479

BACKLIGHT UNIT AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING BACKLIGHT UNIT

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A display device comprising:a display panel;
a light source;
a frame at a rear of the display panel; and
a reflecting sheet between the display panel and the frame, the reflecting sheet having a rectangular shape with a first long side, a second long side opposite the first long side, a first short side adjacent to the first long side and the second long side, and a second short side opposite the first short side,
wherein the reflecting sheet includes a horizontal dot area along the first long side, and a vertical dot area along the first short side,
wherein the horizontal dot area includes a first horizontal dot area including a plurality of first dots, and a second horizontal dot area including a plurality of second dots,
wherein a size of the first dots in the first horizontal dot area is the same, and a size of the second dots in the second horizontal dot area is the same, and the size of the first dots in the first horizontal dot area is different from the size of the second dots in the second horizontal dot area,
wherein the second horizontal dot area includes the second dots arranged in at least two lines along the first long side,
wherein the vertical dot area includes a first vertical dot area including a plurality of first dots, and a second vertical dot area including a plurality of second dots,
wherein a size of the first dots in the first vertical dot area is the same, and a size of the second dots in the second vertical dot area is the same, and the size of the first dots in the first vertical dot area is different from the size of the second dots in the second vertical dot area,
wherein the second vertical dot area includes the second dots arranged in at least two lines along the first short side, and
wherein a width of the second horizontal dot area is different than a width of the second vertical dot area.

US Pat. No. 10,768,478

DISPLAYS WITH DIRECT-LIT BACKLIGHT UNITS AND LIGHT SPREADING STRUCTURES

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A display, comprising:a plurality of pixels; and
a backlight configured to produce backlight illumination for the plurality of pixels, wherein the backlight comprises:
light sources that are configured to emit light and that are arranged in a plurality of respective cells;
a first light spreading layer that receives light from the light sources and has a first plurality of elongated protrusions that extend in a first direction; and
a second light spreading layer that receives light from the first light spreading layer and has a second plurality of elongated protrusions that extend in a second direction that is perpendicular to the first direction, wherein the first light spreading layer has a first array of microlenses formed on an upper surface of the first light spreading layer and wherein the second light spreading layer has a second array of microlenses formed on an upper surface of the second light spreading layer.

US Pat. No. 10,768,476

DISPLAY DEVICE

SHANGHAI TIANMA MICRO-ELE...

1. A display device, comprising:a display panel, including a plurality of pixels emitting light from a light-exiting side; and
a birefringent structure disposed at the light-exiting side of the display panel,
wherein:
a plane of the birefringent structure is parallel to a plane of the display panel;
an optical axis of the birefringent structure forms an acute angle with respect to a first direction, the first direction being a direction perpendicular to the plane of the birefringent structure toward a light-exiting direction;
a direction of the optical axis of the birefringent structure directly controls the light emitted from each of the plurality of pixels to be deflected by a deflection distance; and
when the display device is in a display stage, the birefringent structure and the display panel are configured with a relative rotation at a plane parallel to the plane of the birefringent structure to enlarge each of the plurality of pixels by the deflection distance at all sides without moving a center point of the corresponding pixel to cover at least a portion of gaps between the plurality of pixels.

US Pat. No. 10,768,475

TRANSFLECTIVE FILM FOR ELECTRO-OPTIC ELEMENTS

GENTEX CORPORATION, Zeel...

1. An electro-optic element comprising:a first substrate defining first and second surfaces, wherein the second surface comprises a first electrically conductive layer;
a second substrate defining third and fourth surfaces, wherein the third surface comprises a second electrically conductive layer;
a primary seal disposed between the first and second substrates, wherein the seal and the first and second substrates define a cavity therebetween;
an electro-optic material disposed in the cavity, the electro-optic material being variably transmissive such that the electro-optic element is operable between substantially clear and darkened states;
a transflective film comprising a liquid crystal material, wherein the transflective film comprises an average roughness of less than about 18 nm; and
an adhesion layer positioned between the transflective film and the second substrate,
wherein the transflective film is directly in contact with the second electrically conductive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,768,474

DISPLAY PANEL

Au Optronics Corporation,...

1. A display panel, comprising:an active device substrate;
an opposite substrate disposed opposite to the active device substrate;
a liquid crystal layer disposed between the active device substrate and the opposite substrate;
a color filter layer located between the active device substrate and the opposite substrate, wherein the color filter layer comprises a first filter pattern, a second filter pattern, and a third filter pattern, wherein the second filter pattern is adjacent to the first filter pattern and the third filter pattern;
a first polarized pattern layer located above the color filter layer;
wherein the first polarized pattern layer comprises:
a first upper polarized pattern disposed in correspondence to the first filter pattern and comprising a plurality of metal wires arranged along a first direction;
a second upper polarized pattern disposed in correspondence to the second filter pattern and comprising a plurality of metal wires arranged along a second direction; and
a third upper polarized pattern disposed in correspondence to the third filter pattern and comprising a plurality of metal wires arranged along a third direction,
wherein the first direction, the second direction, and the third direction are not the same direction, wherein an angle between the second direction and one of the first direction and the third direction is greater than 60 degrees,
an alignment layer located on the active device substrate, wherein the alignment layer has an alignment direction;
a first optical film located at a side of the opposite substrate opposite to the liquid crystal layer; and
a second optical film located between the first optical film and the opposite substrate,
wherein the first optical film has a first slow axis, and an angle between the alignment direction and the first slow axis is substantially 60 degrees, and
the second optical film has a second slow axis, and the second slow axis and the alignment direction are substantially parallel.

US Pat. No. 10,768,473

PRESSURE-SENSITIVE-ADHESIVE COMPOSITION, PRESSURE-SENSITIVE-ADHESIVE LAYER, PRESSURE-SENSITIVE-ADHESIVE-LAYER-ATTACHED POLARIZING FILM, AND IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE

NITTO DENKO CORPORATION, ...

1. An image display device, comprising: a pressure-sensitive-adhesive-layer-attached polarizing film; and a liquid crystal cell comprising a transparent conductive substrate having a transparent conductive layer and a transparent substrate;wherein the pressure-sensitive-adhesive-layer-attached polarizing film comprises a polarizing film and a pressure-sensitive-adhesive layer for transparent conductive layer,
wherein the pressure-sensitive-adhesive layer for transparent conductive layer is formed from a pressure-sensitive-adhesive composition, comprising a (meth)acryl-based polymer, a crosslinking agent and an oligomer epoxy-group-containing silane coupling agent having an epoxy equivalent of 250 to 600 g/mol,
the silane coupling agent has, in a molecule thereof, two or more alkoxysilyl groups, and an alkoxy group amount of 10 to 50% by weight of the silane coupling agent,
wherein the (meth)acryl-based polymer has a weight-average molecular weight of 1,200,000 to 2,500,000, and a molecular weight distribution of 1.8 to 5, and comprises, as monomer units thereof, 70% or more by weight of an alkyl (meth)acrylate; a hydroxyl-group-containing monomer and an N-vinyl-group-containing lactam monomer, and
wherein the pressure-sensitive-adhesive layer for transparent conductive layer of the pressure-sensitive-adhesive-layer-attached polarizing film is bonded to the transparent conductive layer of the liquid crystal cell.