US Pat. No. 10,656,051

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING WEAR OR FAILURE OF GENSET POWER SYSTEM COUPLING

Caterpillar Inc., Peoria...

1. A system for detecting wear or failure of a genset coupling of a genset power system, the system including:the genset power system including an engine, a generator, and a coupling between the engine and the generator;
a vibration sensor configured to measure vibrations of the genset power system;
an additional sensor including one of a speed sensor, temperature sensor, and pressure sensor configured to measure an operating condition of the genset power system; and
a controller configured to:
receive vibration sensor data from the vibration sensor;
receive operating condition data from the additional sensor;
process the operating condition data using a modeling software to generate simulated data;
apply time domain information of the simulated data and the vibration sensor data to the modeling software using a machine learning algorithm; and
perform a comparison to identify the wear or failure of the coupling by comparing at least one of:
time domain information of the vibration sensor data to time domain information of the simulated data, and
frequency domain information of the vibration sensor data to frequency domain information of the simulated data.

US Pat. No. 10,656,050

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING A LEAK IN AN EXHAUST GAS SAMPLING APPARATUS

AVL TEST SYSTEMS, INC., ...

1. An exhaust gas sampling system comprising:a dilution air source that provides dilution air to a first flow path;
a first flow meter that measures a first mass flow rate of air in the first flow path;
a sampling probe that has an outlet disposed in the first flow path downstream from the first flow meter and that provides exhaust gas to the first flow path;
a second flow meter that measures a second mass flow rate of air in the first flow path downstream from the sampling probe;
a first valve that allows exhaust gas flow from the sampling probe to the second flow meter when the first valve is open and that prevents exhaust gas flow from the sampling probe to the second flow meter when the first valve is closed;
a leak detection circuit that detects a leak in the exhaust gas sampling system based on measurements of the first mass flow rate and the second mass flow rate taken when the first valve is closed; and
an add on sampling (AOS) device that detects properties of particles in exhaust gas flowing through the first flow path and that allows gas to escape the first flow path, wherein:
the AOS device has an inlet in communication with the first flow path at a first location that is downstream from the outlet of the sampling probe;
the AOS device has an outlet in communication with the first flow path at a second location that is downstream from the first location; and
the leak detection circuit, based on the first mass flow rate and the second mass flow rate, detects an error in at least one of a third mass flow rate of air entering the AOS device and a fourth mass flow rate of air exiting the AOS device.

US Pat. No. 10,656,049

OPTICAL ELEMENT SURFACE ALTERATION TO CORRECT WAVEFRONT ERROR

Lockheed Martin Corporati...

1. A method for correcting a wavefront error in an optical element, comprising:determining a wavefront error that is downstream of an optical element in an optical path;
determining a refractive index prescription that reduces the wavefront error substantially in accordance with the following formula at each location of a plurality of locations on a surface:

wherein nsubstrate is an index of refraction of the surface, D is a diameter of an opening, and L is a pitch that identifies a distance between a enter of two openings; and
directing a beam of energy at the surface of the optical element in accordance with the refractive index prescription to form openings in the surface of the optical element to change an index of refraction at multiple locations on the surface.

US Pat. No. 10,656,048

REMOTELY CONTROLLED METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR ACTUATING BOUNDARY LAYER TRANSITION DEVICES IN A WIND TUNNEL MODEL

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A system for reproducing aerodynamic boundary layer transition conditions in a wind tunnel test environment under ambient to cryogenic temperature conditions, the system comprising:a test component disposed in the wind tunnel test environment and defining an exterior surface;
at least one trip dot mounted on the test component and having a first state, in which a distal surface of the at least one trip dot is at a first elevation relative to the exterior surface of the test component, and a second state, in which the distal surface of the at least one trip dot is at a second elevation relative to the exterior surface of the test component;
an actuator operably coupled to the at least one trip dot and configured to transition the at least one trip dot between first and second states, wherein the actuator comprises a shape memory alloy wire mechanically coupled to the at least one trip dot and a heat source thermally coupled to the shape memory alloy wire; and
a controller in communication with the actuator and configured to remotely cause the actuator to transition the at least one trip dot between the first and second states.

US Pat. No. 10,656,047

LIQUID LEAKAGE SENSING DEVICE USING ELECTROLYSIS

1. A liquid leakage sensing device using electrolysis, comprising:a liquid leakage sensor having a first electrode and a second electrode made of a conductive metal in such a manner as to be facedly spaced apart from each other by a given distance;
a voltage/current amplifier adapted to vary a voltage and a current to apply the varied voltage and current to the liquid leakage sensor;
a current sensor adapted to detect a value of current flowing between the electrodes of the liquid leakage sensor; and
a controller adapted to controlledly output a voltage applied between the first electrode and the second electrode of the liquid leakage sensor, the voltage being outputted step by step from a voltage under reference electrolysis voltages of set electrolytes to a voltage raisedly above the reference electrolysis voltages, and to detect the current flowing between the first electrode and the second electrode of the liquid leakage sensor to determine the existence and kind of leaking liquid, wherein if an amount of current detected is raised correspondingly to the reference electrolysis voltage of a given electrolyte, at the time when the leaking liquid is sensed on the liquid leakage sensor, the controller determines that the leaking liquid is the corresponding chemical solution.

US Pat. No. 10,656,046

ASEPTIC FILTER VENT VALVE AND PORT FOR INTEGRITY TESTING

EMD Millipore Corporation...

1. A filter capsule that supports direct integrity testing of an internal filter element, comprising:a filter housing comprising an inlet port, an outlet port spaced from the inlet port, a housing volume between the inlet port and the outlet port and containing a filter element, a vent assembly, and an integrity test assembly integral to said filter capsule providing a direct aseptic connection to said filter element, wherein said integrity test assembly comprises a port on the filter housing and a valve configured to connect to integrity testing hardware positioned in said port on the filter housing.

US Pat. No. 10,656,045

APPARATUS FOR ANALYZING THE PERFORMANCE OF FLUID DISTRIBUTION EQUIPMENT

1. A performance analysis apparatus for fluid distribution equipment that operates independently of the control system of said fluid distribution equipment to automatically determine when said equipment is not functioning correctly, comprising:an analyzer computer comprising one or more computing processors for running computer programs, an electronic memory used by said analyzer computer while running a computer program, a mechanism that provides accurate time, an electronic storage for indefinitely storing data files and computer programs, and sensor interfaces for connection to sensor sets;
one or more sensor sets, connected to said analyzer computer via said sensor interfaces, comprising one or more sensors for measuring physical properties of zero or more pipes, zero or more pumps, zero or more valves, zero or more wells, zero or more filters, and zero or more fluid storage vessels, and connections to said sensor interfaces of said analyzer computer;
a computer program stored in said electronic storage and running in said computing processors that manages the functions of said performance analysis apparatus;
wherein said analyzer computer, said sensor sets, and said computer program are co-located with the equipment being analyzed;
whereby said computer program reads configuration data from data files to determine the types of fluid distribution equipment that are being collectively analyzed and the sensor sets that are present; repetitively receives raw physical measurements from said sensor sets; computes the physical properties of said fluid distribution equipment from said raw physical measurements; computes limit analysis to determine if said physical properties exceed limits; computes transient analysis to detect transient events in said computed physical properties, and for each said transient event computes the start time and duration of said transient event, and computes the minimum and maximum physical property values during said transient event; computes rule-based analysis by using a set of rules where each rule performs specific computations on said physical properties, and applies logic operations on the results of said computations, to determine if said fluid distribution equipment is not functioning properly; stores the results of said computations and times of receipt of said raw physical measurements used in said computations in said electronic storage so that the number of results that are stored is limited only by the size of said electronic storage: performs a learning function that uses time and frequency of occurrence of anomalies detected during said limit analysis and said transient analysis and said rule-based analysis to refine the parameters in said limit analysis and in said transient analysis and in said rule-based analysis, so that said computer program adapts over time to more accurately perform said limit analysis and said transient analysis and said rule-based analysis, and adjusts to patterns of usage of said fluid distribution equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,656,044

EASY-TO-MOUNT LEAKAGE DETECTION SLEEVE

COOLER MASTER CO., LTD., ...

1. An easy-to-mount leakage detection sleeve, configured to be mounted on a tube, the easy-to-mount leakage detection sleeve comprising:a flexible water absorbing layer;
a plurality of electrically conductive wires disposed on the flexible water absorbing layer and spaced apart from each other; and
a connecting assembly, comprising a first connecting part and a second connecting part, the first connecting part and the second connecting part respectively disposed on two opposite sides of the flexible water absorbing layer, and the second connecting part detachably engaged with the first connecting part so that the flexible water absorbing layer forms a tube accommodation space configured for accommodating the tube.

US Pat. No. 10,656,043

BATTERY PACK FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES AND METHOD OF DETECTING COOLING WATER LEAKAGE IN BATTERY PACK FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A battery pack for electric vehicles, comprising:a moisture collection unit disposed in the battery pack;
a moisture discharge unit disposed in a bottom of the moisture collection unit;
a moisture discharge detection unit configured to detect whether moisture is being discharged through the moisture discharge unit; and
a controller configured to detect and adjust an amount of moisture discharged through the moisture discharge unit,
wherein the moisture discharge unit includes a one-way plug, and
wherein the one-way plug is coated with an electrically conductive material to sense an electrical signal.

US Pat. No. 10,656,042

PIPE PRESSURE TESTING METHOD AND APPARATUS

Reliance Worldwide Corpor...

1. A removable pressure testing device for use in testing the pressure in a pipe line having an interior diameter and having a fitting with a flow path through the fitting along a longitudinal axis of the flow path, the fitting having a port and a recess encircling a portion of the flow path opposite the port and into which the testing device is inserted to block fluid flow through the fitting for testing, the pressure testing device sized to removably fit through the port during use, the pressure testing device comprising:a circular top sized to mate with the port, a continuous sidewall extending between two opposing sides of the circular top and depending from the top a distance sufficient to block the flow path when the device is inserted into the fitting through the port;
two opposing faces joined to the sidewall and to the top to form an enclosed structure, one face being an upstream face and the other a downstream face, an axial distance between the faces being greater adjacent the top than at a distal end of the faces to form a wedge shape with the faces inclined at an angle of 14 to 40 degrees relative to each other, at least one of the faces forming a fluid tight seal with the recess in the fitting during use;
a first opening in the upstream face, the first opening being located to be placed within the fluid flow path through the fitting when the testing device blocks flow through the fitting;
a second opening in the downstream face, the second opening being located to be placed within the fluid flow path through the fitting when the testing device blocks flow through the fitting;
a first fluid passage placing the first and second openings in fluid communication;
a first valve extending through a valve passage in the pressure testing device, the first valve having a first closed position that blocks flow through the first fluid passage and having a second open position that allows flow through the first fluid passage.

US Pat. No. 10,656,041

DETECTION OF LEAKS FROM A PIPELINE USING A DISTRIBUTED TEMPERATURE SENSOR

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A method of detecting leaks from a pipeline, comprising:operating a distributed temperature sensing (DTS) system to obtain temperature profiles from a sensing element deployed along a length of a pipeline that is carrying a fluid, wherein the temperature profiles are measures of temperature at sample distance points along the sensing element;
spatially filtering the temperature profiles to generate filtered temperature profiles that are limited to a set of spatial frequencies that corresponds to an expected temperature signature indicative of a fluid leak;
determining, for each of the filtered temperature profiles, an energy profile;
determining, for each of a plurality of the sample distance points, whether the energy profile exceeds an energy threshold; and
generating leak condition signals for sample distance points based on the corresponding energy threshold determination,
wherein the leak condition signals comprise leak condition tracks that are generated by applying a track filter to successive energy threshold determinations for a particular sample distance point.

US Pat. No. 10,656,040

HARSH ENVIRONMENT DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE MONITOR

Acrulog Pty. Ltd., Clont...

1. A differential pressure monitoring apparatus, comprising:a case, the case includes a continuous sidewall having opposed first and second ends, the first end is closed by a first end cap, the second end is closed by a second end cap, the second end cap is connected sealably and removably, to the continuous sidewall;
a differential pressure monitoring unit mounted in the case, the differential pressure monitoring unit includes:
a differential pressure sensor in sealed fluid communication with the ambient environment external to the case;
a temperature and humidity sensor in sealed fluid communication with the inner atmosphere of the case;
a temperature and humidity sensor in sealed fluid communication with the external atmosphere of the case;
a non-gas permeable membrane tube, whereby moisture is filtered out;
a filter, where by unwanted corrosive gases are removed prior to exposure to sensors;
a data processor operatively connected to the pressure sensor, and the inner humidity sensor;
data storage and an information display operatively connected to the data processor;
an externally operable switch for selectively connecting the data processor to the data storage to allow transfer of data from the data storage to the data processor;
a communication device operatively connected to at least one of the data processor and the data storage for enabling data transfer between an external destination and at least one of the data processor and the data storage; and
a power supply mounted in the case, the power supply being operatively connected to power the differential pressure monitoring unit.

US Pat. No. 10,656,039

PRESSURE SENSOR HAVING OVERPRESSURE PROTECTION WITH REDUCED OUTPUT ERROR

Honeywell International I...

1. An apparatus comprising:a sensor body including a low-pressure side and a high-pressure side;
a sensor disposed between the low-pressure side and the high-pressure side and configured to measure differential pressure; and
first and second pressure inputs, the first pressure input associated with the low-pressure side of the sensor body and the second pressure input associated with the high-pressure side of the sensor body, the pressure inputs configured to apply at least one input pressure from the low-pressure side and the high-pressure side to the sensor, each pressure input comprising:
a barrier diaphragm associated with each of the first and second pressure inputs and configured to move in response to pressure; and
an overload diaphragm associated with each of the first and second pressure inputs and configured to limit movement of the barrier diaphragm, wherein the overload diaphragm is configured to exert a preload force against the sensor body,
wherein the overload diaphragm associated with each of the first and second pressure inputs is operable to move away from the sensor body in response to a pressure that overcomes the preload force,
wherein the overload diaphragm associated with each of the first and second pressure inputs includes multiple convolutions, wherein bases of the convolutions are operable to provide the preload force against the sensor body, and tops of the convolutions are separated from the sensor body by gaps.

US Pat. No. 10,656,038

APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR USE IN FLUID FILLING APPARATUS INSPECTION

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. A brake fill test apparatus comprising:a vessel comprising:
an interior comprising a fill chamber, a first sensor chamber, and a second sensor chamber; and
at least one port that provides access to said fill chamber;
a first valve configured to provide selective flow communication between said fill chamber and said first sensor chamber, and a second valve configured to provide selective flow communication between said fill chamber and said second sensor chamber; and
a first sensor fluidically coupled with said first sensor chamber and a second sensor fluidically coupled with said second sensor chamber, said first sensor configured to monitor a positive gauge pressure within said interior and said second sensor configured to monitor a negative gauge pressure within said interior.

US Pat. No. 10,656,037

PRESSURE MODULATOR

General Electric Company,...

1. An apparatus for controlling passage of a pressure signal, the apparatus comprising:a first passageway for a first fluid therein;
a second passageway for a second fluid therein;
a chamber interposed between the first and second passageways, the chamber being partially bounded by a first wall adjacent a junction of the first passageway to the chamber and a second wall adjacent a junction of the second passageway to the chamber, the first wall being contoured as a convex shape with regard to the chamber and the second wall being contoured as a convex shape with regard to the chamber;
a first, movable diaphragm located across a junction of the first passageway and the chamber, the first diaphragm being movable to plural positions including a position with the first diaphragm pressed against the first wall;
a second, movable diaphragm located across a junction of the second passageway and the chamber, the second diaphragm being movable to plural positions including a position with the second diaphragm pressed against the second wall;
a third fluid, the first and second diaphragms bounding the third fluid there between and interposed between the first and second passageways at the chamber; and
a device for varying a volume of the third fluid bound between the first and second diaphragms and interposed between the first and second passageways at the chamber, a variation of the volume of the third fluid moving the first and second diaphragms, the device including a movable member and a reservoir in fluid communication with the third fluid bound between the first and second diaphragms, the movable member being movable to vary the volume of the reservoir, the movable member and the reservoir being configured such that the movable member being sufficiently movable to decrease the volume of the reservoir to introduce a sufficient portion of the third fluid bound between the first and second diaphragms into the chamber to cause the first and second diaphragms to be pressed against the first and second walls, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,656,036

SELF-HEATED PRESSURE SENSOR ASSEMBLIES

Kulite Semiconductor Prod...

1. A method of controlling a temperature of a pressure sensor having a plurality of piezoresistive elements, the method comprising:during a first portion of a sensing period:
receiving at an input port of the pressure sensor and from a controllable voltage source, a pressure sensing bias voltage;
sensing a pressure-indicative output voltage at a first output port of the pressure sensor; and
monitoring a temperature-indicative output voltage at a second output port of the pressure sensor;
during a second portion of a sensing period, and responsive to the monitored temperature-indicative output voltage being below a threshold value:
receiving at the input port and from the controllable voltage source, a heating voltage, wherein the heating voltage is controlled based on the monitored temperature-indicative voltage;
calculating, based on the pressure-indicative output voltage, an indication of pressure applied to the pressure sensor; and
outputting the indication of pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,656,035

PIEZORESISTIVE SENSOR WITH SPRING FLEXURES FOR STRESS ISOLATION

Rosemount Aerospace Inc.,...

1. A method of making a sensor device comprises:processing a topping wafer;
making a backing wafer comprising:
a backing support portion, and
a central backing plate connected to the backing support portion by one or more backing springs;
creating a diaphragm wafer comprising:
a diaphragm support portion, and
a sensing portion connected to the diaphragm support portion by one or more diaphragm springs, wherein creating the diaphragm wafer comprises:
depositing a first passivation layer onto a silicon wafer,
adding a piezoresistive layer on the first passivation layer,
depositing a metal film on the first passivation layer,
depositing a top passivation layer on the metal film,
etching a diaphragm into the silicon wafer opposite the piezoresistive layer,
etching spring reliefs into the silicon wafer surrounding the diaphragm, and
etching fine features of the diaphragm springs;
processing a base wafer; and
assembling a wafer stack with the topping wafer, the backing wafer, the diaphragm wafer, and the base wafer, such that the backing wafer and the diaphragm wafer are connected with frit, and the diaphragm wafer and the topping wafer are connected with frit.

US Pat. No. 10,656,034

METHOD FOR OPERATING A DRIVING SIMULATOR

AVL LIST GMBH, (AT)

1. A method for operating a driving simulator which comprises the following steps:detecting a braking request in the driving simulator, in particular on the basis of actuation of a brake actuator;
converting the detected braking request into at least one braking signal suitable for characterizing the braking request;
transmitting the at least one braking signal from the driving simulator to a test bench on which are mounted at least part of a drivetrain of a vehicle having at least one axle section, in particular an axle half, and at least one brake associated with the at least one axle section;
rotating the at least one axle section at a first wheel speed which corresponds to a predefined speed of the vehicle;
actuating the at least one brake of the vehicle on the basis of the at least one braking signal;
setting a predefined torque or a predefined second wheel speed at the at least one axle section by means of at least one dynamometer based on properties of at least one component of the vehicle, in particular the drivetrain, a chassis, and/or of the entire vehicle, wherein the properties are at least partially simulated;
detecting an actual wheel speed at the predefined torque or an actual torque at a predefined second wheel speed (Ndef); and
outputting data on the actual wheel speed or the actual torque to the driving simulator.

US Pat. No. 10,656,033

TERMINATION INSTALLATION FOR LONG CABLES

Bright Technologies, LLC,...

1. A method of creating a composite cable with a first advanced termination on a first end and a second advanced termination on a second end, wherein the performance of said advanced termination is pre-qualified, comprising:a. providing a first short cable, having a first end and a second end;
b. locking said second end of said first short cable into a first advanced termination;
c. after said second end of said first short cable is locked into said first advanced termination, applying a defined test load to said first short cable and said first advanced termination, wherein said defined test load is applied through said first advanced termination in order to determine whether said first short cable and said first advanced termination pass a defined test criterion;
d. providing a second short cable, having a first end and a second end;
e. locking said second end of said second short cable into a second advanced termination;
f. after said second end of said second short cable is locked into said second advanced termination, applying a defined test load to said second short cable and said second advanced termination, wherein said defined test load is applied through said second advanced termination in order to determine whether said second short cable and said second advanced termination pass a defined test criterion;
g. providing a long cable, having a plurality of strands, a first end and a second end; and
h. joining said first end of said first short cable to said first end of said long cable and said first end of said second short cable to said second end of said long cable to form said composite cable having a first advanced termination and a second advanced termination.

US Pat. No. 10,656,032

TEMPERATURE SENSOR IN AN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT AND METHOD OF CALIBRATING THE TEMPERATURE SENSOR

NXP USA, Inc., Austin, T...

1. A temperature sensor comprising:ramp generation circuitry including:
a first tunable capacitor;
a second tunable capacitor;
a first current source coupled to the first tunable capacitor;
a second current source coupled to the second tunable capacitor;
a first switch configured to couple the first tunable capacitor to:
discharge during a first phase of operation, and
charge during a second phase of operation;
a second switch configured to couple the second tunable capacitor to:
charge during the first phase of operation, and
discharge during the second phase of operation;
a first node coupled between the first current source and a first terminal of the first tunable capacitor;
a second node coupled between the second current source and a first terminal of the second tunable capacitor;
pulse generation circuitry including:
a first comparator including a first input coupled to a first ramp voltage at the first node, a second input couplable to a calibration voltage during a calibration phase and to a temperature dependent voltage during an operational phase, and an output coupled to an input of digital counter circuitry;
a second comparator including a first input coupled to a second ramp voltage at the second node, a second input couplable to the calibration voltage during the calibration phase and to the temperature dependent voltage during the operational phase, and an output coupled to the input of the digital counter circuitry.

US Pat. No. 10,656,031

RAPID COOLING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR A CALIBRATION BATH

Fluke Corporation, Evere...

1. A device, comprising:a chamber including a bottom wall and a plurality of side walls;
a tank disposed within the chamber, the tank including a bottom wall and a plurality of side walls, the bottom wall of the tank being spaced apart from the bottom wall of the chamber, the side walls of the tank being spaced apart from the side walls of the chamber;
a first motor which, in operation, rotates a propeller disposed within the tank, wherein the propeller includes a plurality of blades which, in operation, moves a fluid disposed within the tank toward at least one of the side walls while the propeller rotates in a predetermined direction;
a conduit formed by the bottom wall of the tank, the bottom wall of the chamber, the side walls of the tank, and the side walls of the chamber;
a second motor which, in operation, rotates a fluid propulsion device, wherein the fluid propulsion device, in operation, moves air into the conduit past the bottom wall and side walls of the tank, the air moving in the conduit contacting an exterior surface of the tank; and
a processor coupled to the first motor and the second motor, wherein the processor, in operation, controls a plurality of speeds at which the first motor rotates and controls a plurality of speeds at which the second motor rotates.

US Pat. No. 10,656,030

TEMPERATURE SENSING DEVICE CAPABLE OF AUTOMATICALLY SWITCHING MODE AND METHOD THEREOF

AVITA CORPORATION, New T...

1. A temperature sensing device capable of automatically switching operational mode, comprising:a control unit configured to determine that the temperature sensing device is selectively to enter or to leave from a first mode, or to enter or to leave from a second mode; and
a power circuit, electrically connected to the control unit for power supply, comprising
a power supply unit configured to provide power required by the temperature sensing device,
touch sensing circuit, and
a shake sensing circuit, wherein the touch sensing circuit and the sending circuit are electrically connected to the control unit respectively, and, under the first mode, the touch sensing circuit is configured to detect when the temperature sensing device is touched by a user, and then enable the control unit to determine that the temperature sensing device is to leave from the first mode, wherein, after leaving from the first mode, the shake sensing circuit is configured to detect whether the temperature sensing device is shaked by the user, and then enable the control unit to determine that the temperature sensing device is to enter the second mode or return the first mode.

US Pat. No. 10,656,029

PROCESSING SYSTEM HAVING OPTICAL TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT SUBSYSTEM

Applied Materials, Inc., ...

1. A processing system, comprising:a process chamber having a chamber body around a support member having a top support surface;
a substrate on the support member; and
an optical temperature measurement subsystem including:
a light source to emit an excitation light in a first collimated beam,
an optical lens mounted on the chamber body to diverge the excitation light along a forward light path toward the top support surface of the support member and to converge a response light from the substrate along a return light path,
a photosensitive array to detect the response light returning along the return light path in a second collimated beam, and
a processor to determine a temperature of the substrate based on the detected response light.

US Pat. No. 10,656,028

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE HAVING VARIABLE PARAMETER SELECTION BASED ON TEMPERATURE AND TEST METHOD

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a temperature-sensing circuit;
a first register coupled to and separate from the temperature-sensing circuit and configured to:
receive a temperature select value from a register load operation; and
provide the temperature select value to the temperature-sensing circuit; and
a second register coupled to the temperature-sensing circuit and configured to provide a hysteresis select value to the temperature-sensing circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,656,027

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND OVER-TEMPERATURE DETECTING METHOD

DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a printed circuit board;
a control circuit configured to determine whether over temperature occurs at one or more detecting points arranged at a first surface of the printed circuit board according to at least one voltage signal; and
a sensing circuit arranged at a second surface opposite to the first surface of the printed circuit board, and configured to sense a temperature on the first surface at the one or more detecting points and correspondingly output the voltage signal to the control circuit, wherein the sensing circuit comprises:
a voltage dividing resistor; and
one or more sensing elements electrically coupled to the voltage dividing resistor in series, wherein the sensing circuit is electrically coupled to a voltage source to receive a reference voltage and divide the reference voltage to output the at least one voltage signal by the one or more sensing elements and the voltage dividing resistor.

US Pat. No. 10,656,026

TEMPERATURE SENSING CIRCUIT FOR TRANSMITTING DATA ACROSS ISOLATION BARRIER

Emerson Climate Technolog...

1. An isolated temperature sensing system, comprising:a thermistor that measures a temperature of a compressor system;
an isolation circuit that charges a capacitor, that sets an output signal to a first state during charging of the capacitor, that discharges the capacitor to the thermistor, and that sets the output signal to a second state during discharging of the capacitor to the thermistor,
wherein the first state is different than the second state, and
wherein the isolation circuit transitions from charging the capacitor to discharging the capacitor when a voltage of the capacitor is greater than a first voltage threshold; and
a control module that receives the output signal via an isolation barrier and that determines the temperature of the compressor system based on a ratio of: (i) a first period that the output signal is in the first state to (ii) a second period that the output signal is in the second state.

US Pat. No. 10,656,025

ULTRASOUND CATHETER

EKOS CORPORATION, Bothel...

1. An ultrasound catheter comprising:a first tubular body having a first longitudinal axis extending centrally through the tubular body, the first tubular body including at least one delivery port extending through a wall of the first tubular body;
a second tubular body having a second longitudinal axis extending centrally through the second tubular body, the first and second longitudinal axes being displaced from each other such that an asymmetrical longitudinally extending gap is formed between an outer surface of the second tubular body and an interior surface of the first tubular body;
a temperature sensor forming a thermocouple extending longitudinally within the gap between the first tubular body and the second tubular body; and
an inner core positioned within the second tubular body, the inner core comprising at least one ultrasound element, and the inner core having a third longitudinal axis extending centrally through the inner core, wherein the third longitudinal axis is displaced from the first and second longitudinal axes.

US Pat. No. 10,656,024

MOLTEN MATERIAL THERMOCOUPLE METHODS AND APPARATUS

Corning Incorporated, Co...

1. A molten material apparatus comprising:a container including a wall at least partially defining a containment area and an opening extending through the wall;
a protective sleeve mounted at least partially within the opening of the wall of the container, the protective sleeve including a first end portion, a second end portion opposite the first end portion, and an internal bore including an open end at the first end portion and a dosed end defined by an inner end surface of the second end portion;
a thermocouple positioned within the internal bore of the protective sleeve and biased towards the inner end surface of the second end portion; and
a layer of solid glass lining an inner surface of the wall of the container, wherein the solid glass seals an interface between the wall of the container and the protective sleeve;
wherein the wall of the container comprises one or more internal liquid paths operable to cool the wall of the container through the circulation of a liquid.

US Pat. No. 10,656,023

TEMPERATURE SENSING DEVICE AND TEMPERATURE-VOLTAGE CONVERTER

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A temperature sensing device comprising:a temperature-voltage converter that outputs a first voltage, having a zero temperature coefficient that does not vary with a temperature, and a second voltage having a negative temperature coefficient varying in inverse proportion to the temperature;
a multiplexer that alternately outputs the first voltage and the second voltage depending on a transition signal; and
a temperature sensor that alternately receives the first voltage and the second voltage and to sense the temperature depending on a ratio of the first voltage and the second voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,656,022

TEMPERATURE SENSOR

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. A temperature sensor comprising:a sensor main body having a contact surface for contacting with a temperature sensing portion;
a mounting member holding the sensor main body from an opposite side to the contact surface and attaching the sensor main body to the temperature sensing portion; and
an elastic member arranged between the sensor main body and the mounting member and pressing the sensor main body from the opposite side to the contact surface,
wherein a convex portion arranged on the sensor main body is configured to control a position gap of the elastic member in a radial direction of one end of the elastic member so that a center of the contact surface is positioned within an area of a trajectory connecting a pressing point pressed by the elastic member when viewing from the opposite side to the contact surface.

US Pat. No. 10,656,021

REFLECTIVE DETECTION DEVICE

ROHM CO., LTD., Kyoto (J...

1. A reflective detection device, comprising:an oscillator including:
an oscillation element configured to oscillate a terahertz wave; and
an exit part from which the terahertz wave exits;
a detector including:
an incident part to which a first portion of the terahertz wave that has been reflected from an inner surface of a detection target is incident, and
a detection element configured to detect the first portion of the terahertz wave incident to the incident part; and
a shielding part made of a material that shields the terahertz wave,
wherein the exit part and the incident part are disposed on one side in a first direction with respect to the detection target and are spaced apart from each other in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction,
wherein the shielding part is positioned between the exit part and the incident part in the second direction to overlap with the exit part and the incident part when viewed in the second direction, and configured to shield a second portion of the terahertz wave that has not been reflected from the inner surface of the detection target,
wherein the teraheertz wave exiting from the exit part travels in an exit direction inclined with respect to the first direction so as to propagate from the exit part toward the incident part in the second direction along a direction toward the detection target in the first direction,
wherein the first portion of the terahertz wave incident to the incident part travels in an incident direction inclined with respect to the first directoin so as to propagate from the exit part toward the incident part in the second direction along a direction away from the detection target in the first direction,
wherein the oscillator, the detector and the shielding part are incorporated in a single case,
wherein a first end of the shielding part is disposed in the case and connected to a first inner surface of the case, the first inner surface being positioned between the detection target and the shielding part and facing a second inner surface of the cae in the first direction,
wherein the oscillator is fixed to a third inner surface of the case, the third inner surface connecting the first inner surface and the second inner surface, and
wherein the detector is fixed to a fourth inner surface of the case, the fourth inner surface connecting the first inner surface and the second inner surface and facing the third inner surface in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,656,020

LIGHT DETECTION DEVICE

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. A light detection device comprising:a Fabry-Perot interference filter having a first mirror and a second mirror, a distance therebetween is variable, and provided with a light transmission region on a predetermined line, the light transmission region configured to transmit light corresponding to the distance between the first mirror and the second mirror;
a light detector arranged on a first side of the Fabry-Perot interference filter on the line, the light detector configured to detect light transmitted through the light transmission region;
a package having an opening positioned on a second side of the Fabry-Perot interference filter on the line, the package configured to accommodate the Fabry-Perot interference filter and the light detector;
a light transmitting unit arranged on an inner surface of the package so as to close the opening and including a band pass filter configured to transmit light incident on the light transmission region; and
a bonding member, wherein
when viewed from a direction parallel to the line, an outer edge of the Fabry-Perot interference filter is positioned outside an outer edge of the opening, and an outer edge of the light transmitting unit is positioned outside the outer edge of the Fabry-Perot interference filter,
the band pass filter has a polygonal plate shape,
the package has a first wall part formed with the opening, a second wall part facing the first wall part with the Fabry-Perot interference filter, the band pass filter, and the light detector interposed therebetween, and a cylindrical side wall part surrounding the Fabry-Perot interference filter, the band pass filter, and the light detector,
the bonding member fixes the band pass filter to an inner surface of the first wall part, and
an outer edge of the band pass filter is positioned outside the outer edge of the Fabry-Perot interference filter when viewed from a direction parallel to the line.

US Pat. No. 10,656,019

METHOD OF DETERMINING CHROMATICITY RANK OF LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

NICHIA CORPORATION, Anan...

9. A light emitting device comprising:a blue light emitting element;
a green light emitting element; and
a red light emitting element or a red fluorescent member,
wherein the light emitting device has a chromaticity rank defined as a region surrounded by four defining points on a 1931 CIE Chromaticity Diagram, and a ratio of a distance in a y-direction between, of the four defining points, two defining points furthest from each other in the y-direction to a distance in an x-direction between, of the four defining points, two defining points furthest from each other in the x-direction is 0.5 or less, and
wherein the distance in the y-direction between, of the four defining points, the two points furthest from each other in the y-direction on the 1931 CIE Chromaticity Diagram is in a range of 0.01 to 0.015.

US Pat. No. 10,656,018

METHOD FOR DETECTING SHIPWRECKED VESSEL AND DROWN VICTIMS BY USING AERIAL HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGE

1. A detection method for disabled ships and persons overboard based on airborne hyperspectral images comprising,a) receiving an observed airborne hyperspectral image and confirming whether the airborne hyperspectral image is suitable for detection analysis, and extracting observation information, location information and reflectivity value of each pixel of a detected disabled ship and overboard persons, via an image receiving unit;
(b) analyzing a degree of similarity of spectral characteristics between spectral reflectivity value of a target material and an observed reflectivity value using pre-constructed spectral library information, and extracting a constituent material and occupation ratio for each pixel of the hyperspectral image to classify detected results via an image analyzing unit; and
(c) displaying the received hyperspectral image, location of the detected disabled ship and persons overboard, and detailed information of the detected results, via an image visualization unit,
wherein said step (b) comprises,
measuring a degree of similarity between reference spectral reflection curves of target materials included in the spectral library and a reflection curve obtained from the hyperspectral image, and
in a case where the obtained reflection curve is measured in a plurality of bands,
the plurality of bands are assumed as vectors, and the degree of similarity is measured through a spectral angle measurement algorithm that defines an angle between each respective vector of the reference spectral reflection curves and a vector of the obtained reflection curve as a spectral angle.

US Pat. No. 10,656,017

ON-BOARD PROCESSING OF HYPERSPECTRAL DATA

Eagle Technology, LLC, M...

1. A method, comprising:re-sampling a digitized interferogram captured by a multi-pixel hyperspectral interferometer, at rates that are based on positions of the pixels relative to a center path of the interferometer to provide a coarse off-axis correction;
extracting a frequency domain spectrum of the re-sampled interferogram;
performing residual adjustments to the frequency domain spectrum to provide a corrected spectrum; and
compressing the corrected spectrum for storage and/or transmission.

US Pat. No. 10,656,016

COMPUTATIONALLY-ASSISTED MULTI-HETERODYNE SPECTROSCOPY

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A method of processing a multi-heterodyne signal comprising:generating from a first laser source multi-mode radiation having a frequency spectrum characterized by a first plurality of phase coherent frequencies,
generating from a second laser source multi-mode radiation having a frequency spectrum characterized by a second plurality of phase coherent frequencies,
detecting a combination of said multi-mode radiation generated by said first and second laser sources so as to provide a multi-heterodyne signal having a frequency spectrum characterized by a plurality of beat frequencies, each beat frequency corresponding to a pairwise difference between said first and second plurality of phase coherent frequencies, and
computationally correcting said detected multi-heterodyne signal for any of phase and timing error by employing information that is contained within the multi-heterodyne signal itself.

US Pat. No. 10,656,015

SPECTRAL IMAGING SYSTEM FOR REMOTE AND NONINVASIVE DETECTION OF TARGET SUBSTANCES USING SPECTRAL FILTER ARRAYS AND IMAGE CAPTURE ARRAYS

INNOPIX, INC., Plymouth,...

1. A method of using a spectral imaging system to capture image information to detect one or more target substances in a scene, comprising the steps of:a) providing an image capture array comprising a plurality of image capturing elements;
b) providing a plurality of interchangeable, spectral filter arrays that are interchangeably selectable to be optically aligned with the image capture array, and wherein each spectral filter array comprises a plurality of spectral filter elements and a filter array identifier;
c) selecting and optically aligning a spectral filter array with the image capture array to provide a plurality of wavelength channels that independently capture spectrally filtered images;
d) using the filter array identifier to automatically identify the selected spectral filter array;
e) automatically selecting one or more algorithms pre-associated with the identified spectral filter array from a library of algorithms;
f) using the wavelength channels to capture spectrally filtered image information of the scene; and
g) using the captured spectrally filtered image information and the automatically selected one or more algorithms to determine whether the one or more target substances are detected in the scene.

US Pat. No. 10,656,014

COMPACT, POWER-EFFICIENT STACKED BROADBAND OPTICAL EMITTERS

ams Sensors Singapore Pte...

1. A broadband optical emission device comprising:a stack of semiconductor layers, wherein each of the semiconductor layers is operable to emit light of different respective wavelength;
a light source operable to provide pumping for stimulated photon emission from the stack,
wherein the semiconductor layers are disposed sequentially in the stack such that a first one of the semiconductor layers is closest to the light source and a last one of the semiconductor layers is furthest from the light source, and
wherein each particular one of the semiconductor layers is at least partially transparent to the light generated by the other semiconductor layers that are closer to the light source than the particular semiconductor layer.

US Pat. No. 10,656,013

NANOSTRUCTURE BASED ARTICLE, OPTICAL SENSOR AND ANALYTICAL INSTRUMENT AND METHOD OF FORMING SAME

CHROMATION INC., New Yor...

1. An apparatus, the apparatus comprising:a substrate that is transmissive of electromagnetic energy of at least a plurality of wavelengths, the substrate having a first end, a second end, a first major face, a second major face, at least one edge, a length, a width, and a thickness, the second end opposed to the first end across the length of the substrate, the second major face opposed across the thickness of the substrate from the first major face, the at least one edge which extends between at least a portion of the first major face and a portion of the second major face, the width of the substrate greater than the thickness of the substrate;
at least a first nanostructure that selectively extracts electromagnetic energy of a first set of wavelengths from the substrate via one of the first major face and the second major face; and
an input optic oriented and positioned to provide electromagnetic energy into the substrate via the first major face of the substrate, wherein the input optic is transmissive of electromagnetic energy, which enters the input optic through a first surface of the input optic at an angle greater than or equal to a critical angle of the input optic, and exits through a second surface of the input optic without total internal reflection therein, and wherein the first surface is opposite and faces away from the second surface.

US Pat. No. 10,656,012

SWEPT-SOURCE RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A system comprising:a tunable laser to emit a tunable excitation beam with an absolute wavelength that changes discontinuously and/or nonlinearly;
a wavelength sensor, in optical communication with the tunable laser, to measure the absolute wavelength of the tunable excitation beam;
a spectrally selective detector to detect a Raman signal emitted by a sample in response to excitation with the tunable excitation beam; and
a processor, operably coupled to the wavelength sensor and the spectrally selective detector, to determine a Raman spectrum of the sample based on a mapping of the Raman signal to the absolute wavelength of the tunable excitation beam measured by the wavelength sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,656,011

ENCLOSED BENCHTOP RAMAN SPECTROMETRY DEVICE

MarqMetrix, Inc., Seattl...

1. A benchtop analytical device, comprising:an enclosure having a lid and a body, the lid being movable, relative to the body, between an opened position and a closed position, wherein, when the lid is in the closed position, the enclosure encloses:
a probe mounted on the body of the enclosure to channel optical energy as part of performing optical spectroscopy of a sample; and
a sample presentation component to receive the sample;
an imaging component to enable viewing of an interior of the enclosure while the lid is in the closed position; and
a control mechanism that is usable by an operator, while the lid is in the closed position, to adjust a position of the sample presentation component relative to the probe.

US Pat. No. 10,656,010

INTERACTION CHARACTERISTICS FROM A PLURALITY OF PIXELS

KROMEK GROUP, PLC, Sedge...

1. A method, comprising:receiving a plurality of responses to an interaction occurring within a photon detector pixel array, wherein the photon detector pixel array comprises a plurality of pixels, wherein the plurality of responses does not correspond to responses from a cathode of the photon detector pixel array;
identifying a subset of the plurality of pixels associated with the interaction, wherein each of the subset of the plurality of pixels corresponds to at least one of the plurality of responses;
determining, from the plurality of responses, a characteristic of the interaction, wherein the characteristic comprises at least one of: time, position, and energy of the interaction;
recording the interaction associated with the at least one determined characteristic;
collecting a plurality of recorded interactions and associated determined characteristics;
selecting a subset of the plurality of recorded interactions, wherein the subset selection is based upon a restricted range of at least one determined characteristic; and
forming an image from the selected subset of the plurality of recorded interactions.

US Pat. No. 10,656,009

CONTEXT DISCRIMINATION USING AMBIENT LIGHT SIGNAL

Verily Life Sciences LLC,...

1. A system comprising:an active light source that emits light toward a body tissue of a wearer of the system;
a light-sensitive element, wherein at least some of the emitted light from the active light source is transmitted or reflected by the body tissue and incident on the light-sensitive element, and wherein the light-sensitive element generates an output signal indicative an intensity of the light from the active light source that is incident on the light-sensitive element and an intensity of light from an ambient light source that is incident on the light-sensitive element;
a processor; and
a computer readable medium storing program instructions, wherein the program instructions are executable by the processor to perform operations comprising: (i) obtaining a set of active light measurements using the light-sensitive element, wherein each of the active light measurements is indicative of light incident on the light-sensitive element while the active light source emits light toward the body tissue for transmission or reflection thereby; (ii) determining, based on the obtained active light measurements, a pulse rate of blood through the body tissue; (iii) obtaining a set of ambient light measurements using the light-sensitive element, wherein the set of ambient light measurements is sampled at a rate of less than twice an intensity-modulated characteristic frequency of the ambient light source and comprises data values indicative of ambient light intensities, and wherein each of the ambient light measurements in the set of ambient light measurements is based on an output signal from the light-sensitive element generated while the active light source is off; (iv) determining that the obtained set of ambient light measurements corresponds to a particular one of multiple ambient light profiles by at least determining an ambient light intensity modulation frequency based on the set of ambient light measurements and selecting the particular one of the multiple ambient light profiles based on a correspondence between the determined ambient light intensity modulation frequency and intensity modulation frequency information associated with the particular one of the multiple ambient light profiles, wherein the multiple ambient light profiles include at least a profile of artificial lighting powered by an alternating current (AC) power supply and a profile of solar lighting; and (v) in response to determining that the obtained set of ambient light measurements corresponds to the particular one of the multiple ambient light profiles, modifying a user interface setting of a device communicatively linked to the system.

US Pat. No. 10,656,008

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DISCOVERING THE TOPOLOGY OF DEVICES WITHIN A BUILDING AUTOMATION AND CONTROL SYSTEM

Sway sp. z o.o., Cracow ...

1. A method comprising:receiving, by a data-processing system, a first measurement of a first light source in relation to a first sensor, wherein the first measurement is received from the first sensor;
receiving, by the data-processing system, a second measurement of the first light source in relation to a second sensor, wherein the second measurement is received from the second sensor;
generating a first estimate of the position of the first light source, based on a first angle at the first sensor between (i) a first direction toward a current light source position and (ii) a second direction that is defined by the first measurement;
generating a second estimate of the position of the first light source, based on a second angle at the second sensor between (i) a third direction toward the current light source position and (ii) a fourth direction that is defined by the second measurement;
generating an updated light source position of the first light source based on the first estimate and the second estimate; and
presenting the updated light source position of the first light source to a user.

US Pat. No. 10,656,007

ASYMMETRICAL ULTRASOUND TRANSDUCER ARRAY

EXO IMAGING INC., Redwoo...

1. A transducer array, comprising:a plurality of micromachined ultrasonic transducers (MUTs) in an asymmetric arrangement,
wherein each MUT of the plurality of MUTs has a dimension along a first direction that is larger than a dimension along a second direction and wherein the plurality of MUTs has a wider bandwidth than an other plurality of MUTs and wherein each MUT of the other plurality of MUTs has a same dimension along the first and second directions.

US Pat. No. 10,656,006

SENSING CIRCUIT COMPRISING AN AMPLIFYING CIRCUIT AND AN AMPLIFYING CIRCUIT

Sonion Nederland B.V., H...

1. A sensing system comprising:a transducer having a first output terminal and a second output terminal,
a first voltage supply configured to supply a first voltage to the first output terminal,
an amplifier having an amplifier input and an amplifier output,
a connection element connecting the first output terminal to the amplifier input, the connection element comprising an impedance element connected also to a predetermined voltage, the impedance element having:
a first impedance, when a voltage over the impedance element is below a threshold voltage and
a second impedance, lower than the first impedance, when a voltage over the impedance element exceeds the threshold voltage, the first impedance exceeding the second impedance and
a filter circuit blocking DC but transferring AC, the circuit connected to the amplifier output configured to feed an AC signal to the second output terminal,
where the amplifier amplifies the signal from the connection element into an amplified signal fed to the filter circuit, the amplifier having a negative amplification with an absolute value higher than or equal to the first voltage divided by the threshold voltage, the absolute value being at least 2.

US Pat. No. 10,656,005

LEVEL SWITCHES

ROSEMOUNT MEASUREMENT LIM...

1. A vibrating fork level switch operable to vibrate at an operating frequency, the vibrating fork level switch comprising:a sensor operable to sense changes in the operating frequency, and
a processing circuitry,
wherein the vibrating fork level switch incorporates a near field communication facility operable to communicate with a separate near field communication reader brought within an operating range of the near field communication facility wherein the operating range is about 100 mm;
the near field communication facility, the processing circuitry, and the sensor being energisable from the separate near field communication reader; and
the near field communication facility being configured to enable a functionality test of the vibrating fork level switch to be invoked wherein the functionality includes self-test functionality.

US Pat. No. 10,656,004

MEASURING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MEASURING THE LEVEL OF A LIQUID IN A CONTAINER

TE CONNECTIVITY SENSORS G...

1. A measuring device for measuring a level of a liquid in a container, comprising:a sensor line having a plurality of magnetic-field sensors and a support field magnet generating a magnetic support field in the plurality of magnetic-field sensors, at least one of the plurality of magnetic-field sensors uses a magnetoresistive effect or is a Hall effect sensor or a magnetoresistor or an extraordinary magnetoresistive sensor; and
a float movable along and relative to the sensor line between a first measuring location and a second measuring location, the float having a magnet generating a magnetic field extending substantially parallel to the sensor line at both the first measuring location and the second measuring location.

US Pat. No. 10,656,003

LIQUID SURFACE SENSOR AND LIQUID SURFACE DETECTION METHOD

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A printer comprising:an ink tank configured to store an ink therein, the ink being supplied from outside of the ink tank into the tank;
a carriage having a printing member, the ink tank being provided on the carriage, the printing member being configured to eject the ink onto a medium;
a carriage drive mechanism configured to move the carriage;
an ink surface detector, the ink surface detector being provided inside the ink tank, the ink surface detector being configured with:
a hollow member that has a first opening end and a second opening end opposite to each other, at least the second opening end being immersed in the ink; and
a piezoelectric sensor that is provided so as to close the first opening end of the hollow member, wherein the piezoelectric sensor includes a vibration plate, and a piezoelectric element that is provided on the vibration plate, and the piezoelectric element is formed by laminating a first electrode film, a piezoelectric film, and a second electrode film in order in a thickness direction of the vibration plate; and
a controller, the controller being configured to:
cause the piezoelectric sensor to vibrate the vibration plate and detect a resonant frequency;
cause the piezoelectric sensor to propagate an acoustic wave toward the ink and receive a reflected acoustic wave that is generated by reflecting the acoustic wave of the ink;
calculate a first position of an ink surface of the ink in the ink tank in response to the resonate frequency;
calculate a second positon of the ink surface in response to the acoustic wave and the reflected acoustic wave; and
determine a corrected position of the ink surface based on the first and second positons,
wherein the controller is configured to adjust a positon of the ink surface to a predetermined positon in response to the corrected positon by adjusting an ink supply amount of the ink that is supplied into the ink tank.

US Pat. No. 10,656,002

RADAR FILL LEVEL MEASUREMENT DEVICE COMPRISING AN INTEGRATED LIMIT LEVEL SENSOR

VEGA GRIESHABER KG, Wolf...

1. A radar fill level measurement device, comprising:a radar sensor unit includes a radar antenna emitting a measurement signal towards a filling material surface, the radar sensor unit being configured to determine a fill level of the filling material; and
a limit level sensor unit configured to detect when a spacing between the filling material surface and the radar antenna falls below a predetermined minimum spacing, wherein the limit level sensor unit is further configured to indicate that the fill level measurement values measured by the radar sensor unit are below an accuracy threshold for a type of a radar sensor that has a reduced measurement results accuracy in a short range, and configured to output a warning that the fill level is too high when the spacing has fallen below the predetermined minimum spacing or the radar sensor unit is flooded,
wherein the limit level sensor unit detects, using a capacitive measurement, that the spacing between the filling material surface and the radar antenna has fallen below the minimum spacing,
wherein electrodes are attached in the housing of the radar fill level measurement device for the capacitive measurement, and
wherein the electrodes for the capacitive measurement have a strip-like structure and are arranged relative to the radar sensor unit such that an electrical field of a signal emitted by the radar sensor unit is arranged perpendicularly to the strip-like structure.

US Pat. No. 10,656,001

SELF-LEVELING COMBINATION MEASURING DEVICES

1. A self-leveling measuring device, comprising:a first measuring utensil having a first handle including a first top surface extending longitudinally along a first plane, the first measuring utensil defining a basin having a first specified volume, the basin defined by a base and a first wall surrounding the base, the first wall rigidly connected to the first handle, the first wall extending from the base and having a first top perimeter aligned parallel to the first plane along which the first top surface of the first handle extends;
a second measuring utensil configured to be supported upon the first measuring utensil and to slide with respect to the first measuring utensil, the second measuring utensil having a second handle including a first bottom surface configured to extend longitudinally along the first plane of the first top surface of the first handle when the second measuring utensil is supported upon the first measuring utensil, the second measuring utensil having a second wall, the second wall rigidly connected to the second handle, the second wall having a first bottom configured to align parallel to the first plane along which the first top surface of the first handle extends to level material contained within the basin with the first top perimeter of the first wall when the second measuring utensil is slid with respect to the first measuring utensil, wherein the second handle includes a second top surface extending longitudinally along a second plane, the first bottom of the second wall configured to extend around the first top perimeter of the first wall, the second wall having a second top perimeter aligned parallel to the second plane along which the second top surface of the second handle extends; and
a third measuring utensil configured to be supported upon the second measuring utensil and to slide with respect to the second measuring utensil, the third measuring utensil having a third handle including a second bottom surface configured to extend longitudinally along the second plane of the second top surface of the second handle when the third measuring utensil is supported upon the second measuring utensil, the third measuring utensil having a third wall, the third wall rigidly connected to the third handle, the third wall having a second bottom configured to align parallel to the second plane along which the second top surface of the second handle extends to level material contained within the basin and the second wall with the second top perimeter of the second wall when the third measuring utensil is slid with respect to the second measuring utensil.

US Pat. No. 10,656,000

COMPONENT MOUNTING STRUCTURE FOR GAS METER AND GAS METER

Azbil Corporation, Tokyo...

1. A component mounting structure for a gas meter, comprising:a resin member having an elastically deformable hooking claw; and
a sheet metal member having a hooking target portion that is a peripheral edge portion of an opening portion connecting an inside and an outside of the gas meter, the hooking target portion being present on the inside of the gas meter,
wherein the hooking claw is hooked to the hooking target portion to form a snap-fit portion that mounts the resin member to the sheet metal member,
the resin member has a through-hole,
the sheet metal member has a sheet metal piece extending toward the resin member and passing through the through-hole,
the sheet metal piece has a small piece portion at one end that is a fixed end and a large piece portion at the other end that is a free end, and
the large piece portion faces a peripheral edge portion of the through-hole, the peripheral edge portion being oriented to the inside of the gas meter.

US Pat. No. 10,655,999

VALVE METER ASSEMBLY AND METHOD

Mueller International, LL...

1. An assembly comprising:a housing, the housing comprising a valve portion defining at least one inlet opening and a meter portion defining at least one outlet opening, the valve portion positioned adjacent to the meter portion in a direction of a lay-length of the assembly, the housing defining a channel connecting the at least one inlet opening and the at least one outlet opening, the at least one inlet opening comprising an inlet end and the at least one outlet opening comprising an outlet end, there being a linear distance between the inlet end and the outlet end, the linear distance being no greater than a water meter lay-length;
a water meter positioned in the meter portion and in the channel, the water meter configured to monitor a flow of water through the assembly; and
a valve positioned in the valve portion and in communication with the channel and configured to control the flow of water through the assembly, the water meter and the valve in line with the inlet opening and the outlet opening, the valve defining a valve inlet portion, a valve outlet portion, and a media channel, the valve inlet portion defining a vertical portion,
wherein the vertical portion separates the valve inlet portion from the valve outlet portion,
wherein the valve inlet portion is in fluid communication with the valve outlet portion over a top edge portion defined by the vertical portion,
wherein the valve inlet portion is sealable from the valve outlet portion by a diaphragm assembly of the valve, wherein the diaphragm assembly defines a water leak passthrough,
wherein the water leak passthrough is configured to allow passage of water from the valve inlet portion to a top side of the diaphragm assembly opposite the valve inlet portion when the diaphragm assembly has sealed the valve inlet portion from the valve outlet portion,
wherein the media channel extends from the valve outlet portion to the top side of the diaphragm at one lateral side of the valve portion relative to the inlet, and the media channel defines a housing portion that is angled with respect to a vertical direction defined by the vertical portion, the housing portion defined in the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,655,998

DISPENSERS AND METHODS FOR USING THE SAME

Silgan Dispensing Systems...

1. A dispenser, comprising:a body having a bottom wall and a fluid passage extending through the bottom wall, wherein the fluid passage is defined, at an upper end in the body, by a plurality of fluid inlet projections extending upward from the bottom wall and a plurality of fluid inlet openings therebetween, the fluid passage further having a lower fluid passage portion extending through the bottom wall, the lower fluid passage portion including a dispensing chamber therein;
a cup spring wall extending downwardly from the bottom wall of the body; and
a base, comprising:
a stem at least partially received in the lower fluid passage portion;
a dispensing structure associated with the stem; and
at least one cup spring rib extending radially from the stem.

US Pat. No. 10,655,997

FLOWMETER FOR TWO-PHASE FLUID WITH SIMULTANEOUS OR ALTERNATING MEASUREMENT OF THE GAS PHASE AND THE LIQUID PHASE

1. A flowmeter for two-phase liquid/gas cryogenic fluids adapted and configured to operate in a storage phase and operate in a withdrawal phase, said flowmeter comprising:a liquid/gas phase separator, an upper portion of which receives the cryogenic fluid;
a liquid line in fluid communication with a bottom portion of the separator;
a liquid flow rate sensor located in the liquid line for measuring a flow rate of the liquid phase cryogenic fluid circulating therein, the separator being placed in an elevated position in space relative to the liquid flow rate sensor;
a gas line in fluid communication with the upper portion of the tank provided with a flow rate sensor for measuring a flow rate of the gas phase cryogenic fluid circulating therein;
a three-way valve having first, second, and third ports, the first port being in fluid communication with a downstream end of said gas line, the second port being in fluid communication with a downstream end of said liquid line, said three-way valve being configured and adapted to allow or disallow a flow of the gas phase cryogenic fluid via said first port and/or allow or disallow a flow of the liquid phase cryogenic fluid via said second port, the flow of the gas phase cryogenic fluid and/or liquid phase cryogenic fluid being directed by the third port to a downstream station that uses two-phase liquid/gas cryogenic fluid;
a bottom level sensor and a top level sensor adapted and configured to measure a level of liquid in the tank;
a controller adapted and configured:
compare a level of liquid phase cryogenic fluid in the separator measured by the bottom and top level sensor to at least one setpoint value for a level of liquid phase cryogenic fluid in the separator;
depending upon a result of said comparison, control operation of said three-way valve to allow or disallow the flow of gas phase cryogenic fluid into the first port and/or allow or disallow the flow of liquid phase cryogenic fluid into the second port, thus dictating a composition of the two-phase liquid/gas cryogenic fluid leaving the third port for the downstream station;
determine a mass flow rate of the two-phase liquid/gas cryogenic fluid by summing the measured flow rates of the gas and liquid phase cryogenic fluids flowing in the gas and liquid lines, respectively;
during a storage phase in which the flow rate of the liquid phase cryogenic fluid measured by the liquid flow rate sensor exceeds a flow rate of cryogenic fluid being directed by the third port to a downstream station, operate said three-way valve to allow a portion of the liquid phase cryogenic fluid flow in the liquid line to rise into the gas line and to allow a remaining portion of the liquid phase cryogenic fluid flow in the liquid line to exit the three-way valve through the third port; and
during a withdrawal phase in which the flow rate of the liquid phase cryogenic fluid measured by the liquid flow rate sensor falls to a predetermined minimum flow rate specified by the liquid flow rate sensor, operate the three-way valve to disallow a flow of the liquid phase cryogenic fluid therethrough and to allow any of the liquid phase cryogenic fluid, that was previously allowed to rise into the gas line, to drop back down to the three-way valve to exit through the third port.

US Pat. No. 10,655,996

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MEASURING VELOCITY PROFILES

Aspect Imaging Ltd., Sho...

1. A method of determining a velocity profile of a fluid flowing through a conduit, the method comprising:applying a saturation pulse on spins of magnetic field-sensitive nuclei in the fluid;
measuring a signal of the fluid to determine position of the magnetic field-sensitive nuclei, the measurement carried out at a recovery time ‘TR’ and at a distance within the conduit;
determining within the conduit a radial distance ‘r’ characterized by a local minimum in the measured signal, wherein the radial distance ‘r’ is measured from the center of the conduit; and
determining a velocity profile of the fluid at the radial distance, based on the magnetic field-sensitive nuclei.

US Pat. No. 10,655,995

ELECTRONICALLY DERIVING A CONCLUSION OF THE CONDITION OF SLURRY FLOW IN A NON-VERTICAL CONDUIT

CSIR, Pretoria (ZA)

1. A method of electronically deriving a conclusion of a condition of slurry flow in a non-vertical conduit having a conduit wall and which contains a slurry to flow or flowing along the conduit, the method comprising: artificially generating at a first heating point on the conduit wall, which is defined at the invert of the conduit, a first locally heated spot on an interior surface of the conduit wall, using heat delivered to the conduit wall by a heating device at a first heating power level that is maintained constant over time; artificially generating at a second heating point on the conduit wall, which is defined angularly spaced from the first heating point at an angular spacing of at least 90° and which is not spaced from the first heating point along the length of the conduit but which lies in the same cross-sectional plane of the conduit as the first heating point, a second locally heated spot on the interior surface of the conduit wall using heat delivered to the conduit wall by a heating device at a second heating power level that is maintained constant over time; locally measuring the temperatures of the first and second locally heated spots respectively, thereby obtaining a first temperature value T1 and a second temperature value T2; measuring, at a predetermined reference point spaced from the first and second heating points, a third reference temperature value T3; communicating electronically generated signals carrying the values T1, T2, and T3 to an electronic computing device, which operatively receives the signals and electronically: automatically calculates a first temperature difference T1 minus T2, automatically calculates a second temperature difference T2 minus T3, and automatically derives a conclusion of a condition of slurry flow prevailing in the conduit based at least on a relationship between the first temperature difference and a first reference parameter for the first temperature difference and also on a relationship between the second temperature difference and a second reference parameter for the second temperature difference, wherein the second reference parameter is a predetermined undesired change in the second temperature difference over a predetermined time period; automatically determining, using the electronic computing device, changes in the second temperature difference; and automatically concluding that the condition of slurry flow in the conduit is that there is no flow in the conduit, based on a change in the second temperature difference over the predetermined time period is equal to, or exceeds the predetermined undesired change over the predetermined time period.

US Pat. No. 10,655,994

MICROFLUIDIC FLOW SENSOR

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. An apparatus comprising:a microfluidic channel; and
a flow sensor along the microfluidic channel, the flow sensor comprising:
a heat emitting resistor for connection to an electric current source, the heat emitting resistor having a resistance that varies in response to temperature;
an electrical parameter sensor to sense an electrical parameter of the heat emitting resistor that is based on the resistance of the heat emitting resistor;
a second heat emitting resistor having a resistance that varies in response to temperature;
a second sensor to sense an electrical parameter of the second heat emitting resistor that is based on the resistance of the second heat emitting resistor; and
electronics that determine at least one flow based on the sensed electrical parameter of the heat emitting resistor and the sensed electrical parameter of the second heat emitting resistor.

US Pat. No. 10,655,993

THERMAL FLOW METER INCLUDING A COVER MOUNTED ON A HOUSING AND WHERE A BYPASS PASSAGE IS FORMED BY THE COVER AND A BYPASS PASSAGE TRENCH

Hitachi Automotive System...

1. A thermal flow meter comprising:a gas passage to take in and permit to flow therethrough of a measurement target gas flowing in a main passage,
a circuit package having a flow rate measurement circuit to measure a flow rate by performing heat transfer between (a) the measurement target gas flowing in the gas passage, and (b) the gas passage itself, a first resin being used to seal the flow rate measurement circuit, and
a housing having an external connector for electrical connection to external devices, and housing the circuit package, formed by a second resin, a thermal expansion coefficient of which is different from a thermal expansion coefficient of the first resin,
wherein the circuit package has a measurement terminal for outputting a measurement result of the flow rate measurement circuit, and an inspection terminal for inspecting the flow rate measurement circuit, after resin sealing,
wherein the circuit package is in a shape having a plurality of sides,
wherein the inspection terminal and the measurement terminal are provided at different sides of the circuit package, and
wherein the inspection terminal is shorter than the measurement terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,655,992

ANEMOMETER

DWYER INSTRUMENTS, INC., ...

1. An apparatus for measuring airflow in an airstream, the apparatus comprising:a generally planar panel adapted to be placed in the airstream so that air passes over opposite surfaces of the panel, the panel comprising a pair of slots that extend through the panel, the pair of slots being spaced from each other and extending parallel to each other, each slot of the pair of slots being elongated and having a leading end and an opposite trailing end, the pair of slots defining a strip that extends between the pair of slots; and
a hot-point element mounted on one of the panel surfaces and on the strip adjacent the pair of slots, the hot-point element being configured to measure the airflow in a direction parallel to lengths of the pair of slots, the pair of slots being configured to permit air passing over the opposite surfaces to pass through the pair of slots and become mixed together, the hot-point element being positioned along the lengths of the pair of slots proximate to the trailing ends of the pair of slots and distal from the leading ends of the pair of slots so that the mixed air passes over the hot-point element.

US Pat. No. 10,655,991

PHYSICAL-QUANTITY DETECTION DEVICE FOR INTAKE AIR IN AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

HITACHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEM...

1. A physical-quantity detection device, comprising:a circuit board including at least one detection unit configured to detect a physical quantity of intake air which is a gas being measured that passes through a main channel that is coupled to a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine, and a circuit unit configured to perform a computation on the physical quantity detected by the detection unit; and
a housing configured to accommodate the circuit board, at least a portion of the housing being fixed to a wall of the main channel coupled to the combustion chamber of the internal combustion engine,
wherein the housing is formed of a molded resin, and the circuit board is integrally formed together with the housing,
wherein at least either of a through hole or a notch is disposed at a portion of the circuit board to be inserted into the housing, a molded resin is bonded on a front side and a back side of the circuit board, and the front side and the back side of the circuit board are connected via the through hole or the notch,
wherein the housing includes: a circuit room in which the circuit unit is disposed; a first bypass passage in which a first detection unit is disposed, and the gas being measured flows; and a dividing wall configured to divide the circuit room and the first bypass passage,
wherein the through hole or the notch is disposed at a position covered by the dividing wall, and
wherein the housing is divided into a front surface side and a back surface side by the circuit board, the circuit room is formed on a front surface side of the housing, a sensor room accommodating a second detection unit is formed on a back surface side of the housing, and a second bypass passage in which the gas being measured flows is disposed to communicate with the sensor room.

US Pat. No. 10,655,990

IN-LINE ULTRASONIC ATTENUATION END TREATMENT FOR USE WITH AN ULTRASONIC GAS FLOW METER

Big Elk Energy Systems, L...

1. An end treatment for use with an ultrasonic gas flow meter, the end treatment comprising:an attenuation section including a pipe extending in a longitudinal direction, the pipe containing at least two alternating sets of laterally spaced, vertically oriented, solid wall first and second plates located between an inlet end and an outlet end of the pipe;
the first plate of each set including a first end connected to an opposing inside wall of the pipe and a second end, the second end of the first plate not contacting a respective opposing inside wall of the pipe to define a gap;
the second plate of each set including a first end and a second end, the second end extending past a longitudinal centerline of the pipe and not contacting the respective opposing inside wall of the pipe to define another gap.

US Pat. No. 10,655,989

PRESSURE SENSOR CAP HAVING FLOW PATH WITH DIMENSION VARIATION

SILICON MICROSTRUCTURES, ...

1. A pressure sensor comprising:a package comprising:
a central cavity;
a first passage from a top side of the package to the central cavity and forming a first opening in the central cavity; and
a second passage from the top side of the package to the central cavity;
a pressure sensor chip fixed to a top surface of the central cavity and over the first opening in the central cavity; and
a cap fixed to the top surface of the package, the cap comprising:
a flow path forming a first opening in the cap and a second opening in the cap;
a first shunt passage from the flow path to a bottom side of the cap, where the first shunt passage is aligned with the first passage in the package;
a second shunt passage from the flow path to the bottom side the cap, where the second shunt passage is aligned with the second passage in the package; and
a dimensional variation in the flow path between the first shunt passage and the second shunt passage.

US Pat. No. 10,655,988

WATCH WITH ROTATABLE OPTICAL ENCODER HAVING A SPINDLE DEFINING AN ARRAY OF ALTERNATING REGIONS EXTENDING ALONG AN AXIAL DIRECTION PARALLEL TO THE AXIS OF A SHAFT

APPLE INC., Cupertino, C...

1. A watch comprising:a housing defining an opening;
a display at least partially enclosed by the housing; and
a crown coupled to the housing and configured to receive a rotational input, the crown comprising:
a dial positioned along a side of the housing;
a shaft coupled to the dial and extending through the opening of the housing; and
a spindle coupled to the shaft and defining an array of alternating regions, each region of the array of alternating regions extending along an axial direction parallel to an axis of the shaft;
an optical emitter positioned along a side of the spindle and configured to illuminate a portion of the spindle; and
an optical detector arranged along the side of the spindle and aligned with the optical emitter in the axial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,655,987

RESOLVER

LS AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGIE...

1. A resolver, comprising:a stator made of a magnetic material and having a plurality of teeth and a plurality of slots alternately formed at an inner side thereof;
insulation covers respectively having a tooth insulating unit formed at an inner side thereof corresponding to the teeth and mounted to the stator at both upper and lower surfaces of the stator; and
coils wound on the teeth with the tooth insulating unit being interposed therebetween,
wherein regarding winding widths of coils located at an outermost circumference among the wound coils, a ratio of a shortest winding width to a longest winding width is 0.69 or above and less than 1;
wherein a coil occupying ratio per slot, which is defined by a following equation and represents a ratio of area occupied by the coils in a slot to which the insulation covers are fixed, is 35% or below:
Equation
Coil occupying ratio per slot=(area occupied by coils in a single slot)/(area of a single slot).

US Pat. No. 10,655,986

POSITION INDICATOR AND POSITION DETECTION APPARATUS

Wacom Co., Ltd., Saitama...

1. A position indicator, comprising:a light emitting element;
a resonance circuit including a coil which, in operation, transmits and receives a signal to and from a sensor of a position detection apparatus, and a first capacitor connected in parallel to the coil; and
a signal generation circuit including a second capacitor that is different from the first capacitor and is connected in parallel to the coil, wherein the second capacitor, in operation, accumulates power of the signal received from the sensor by the resonance circuit, and the signal generation circuit, in operation, generates a light emission driving controlling signal that drives and controls the light emitting element to emit light based on the power accumulated by the second capacitor; and
a circuit configured to store identification information of the position indicator and transmit the stored identification information to the position detection apparatus,
wherein the light emitting element is driven and controlled by the light emission driving controlling signal generated by the signal generation circuit to perform light emission control of the light emitting element by the position detection apparatus,
wherein the signal from the sensor of the position detection apparatus includes a position detection signal that is detected as a feedback signal from the position indicator by the sensor and a light emission controlling signal that controls light emission of the light emitting element; and
wherein the signal generation circuit receives the signal including the position detection signal and the light emission controlling signal received by the resonance circuit and generates the light emission driving controlling signal based on the received signal including the position detection signal and the light emission controlling signal,
wherein the position detection apparatus transmits the signal according to the received identification information as the light emission controlling signal from the sensor; and
wherein the signal generation circuit generates the light emission driving controlling signal using the signal according to the identification information.

US Pat. No. 10,655,985

METHOD FOR DETECTING ANGLE OF ROTATION USING AUTOMATIC GAIN ADJUSTMENT ALGORITHM AND APPARATUS THEREOF

Haechitech Corporation, ...

1. A rotation angle detecting method of a rotation angle detecting apparatus comprising hall elements and magnetic pieces, the method comprising:detecting a first rotation angle based on a first measured magnetic value received from a first hall element;
detecting a first magnetic value received from a second hall element corresponding to the first detected rotation angle;
adjusting a gain based on a first difference value between a second measured magnetic value received from the second hall element, in response to one of the magnetic pieces being rotated at the first rotation angle, and the first magnetic value;
redetecting a second rotation angle by applying the gain to the first magnetic value and redetecting a second magnetic value received from the second hall element, corresponding to the second rotation angle; and
outputting the second rotation angle as a confirmed rotation angle in response to a second difference value between the second magnetic value and the second measured magnetic value becoming less than a delta value.

US Pat. No. 10,655,984

POWER STATE ESTIMATION FOR POWER GRID SERVICED PREMISES

1. A non-transitory machine readable medium having machine executable instructions, the machine executable instructions comprising:an outage estimation software module that generates outage data characterizing a power state for at least one thousand premises serviced by a power grid, the at least one thousand of the premises comprising a first set of the premises and a second set of the premises different from the first set of the premises, wherein the generating comprises:
executing a first stage analysis that estimates the power state for the first set of the premises associated with a set of transformers coupled to a first feeder in the power grid in response to detecting an event message from a smart meter associated with the first set of the premises; and
executing a second stage analysis, after the execution of the first stage analysis, that estimates the power state for the second set of premises downstream from a set of laterals coupled to a second feeder in the power grid in response to detecting that no event messages have been provided from smart meters associated with the second set of the premises within a predetermined amount of time, wherein each lateral in the set of laterals is upstream from at least three premises in the at least one thousand premises, and wherein a given lateral of the set of laterals is determined to be without power when a first smart meter that is downstream and closest to the given lateral and a last smart meter that is downstream and furthest from the given lateral are determined to be without power.

US Pat. No. 10,655,983

METHOD FOR CALIBRATING AIRCRAFT TRI-AXIAL BALANCE AND DEVICE THEREOF

Haoxiang Electric Energy ...

1. A method for calibrating aircraft tri-axial balance, comprising steps of:receiving a first indicator signal;
tumbling an aircraft by 360 degrees by specified times according to the first indicator signal;
collecting and recording first geomagnetic data;
receiving a second indicator signal;
rotating the aircraft laterally by 360 degrees by the specified times according to the second indicator signal;
collecting and recording second geomagnetic data;
receiving a third indicator signal;
rotating the aircraft horizontally by 360 degrees by the specified times according to the third indicator signal;
collecting and recording third geomagnetic data; and
obtaining a calibrated geomagnetic curve according to the first geomagnetic data, the second geomagnetic data and the third geomagnetic data.

US Pat. No. 10,655,982

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR GENERATING POSITION INFORMATION OF TARGET OBJECT

Baidu Online Network Tech...

1. A method for generating position information of a target object, the method comprising:obtaining target point cloud data of the target object, acquired by a target scanner at a target position, and position information of the target scanner, and obtaining reference point cloud data of the target object, acquired by a reference scanner at a reference position, and position information and an Euler angle of the reference scanner, wherein the target point cloud data includes offsets between a center of the target scanner and each target point in a target point cloud, and the reference point cloud data includes offsets between a center of the reference scanner and each reference point in a reference point cloud;
obtaining an Euler angle of the target scanner based on the target point cloud data, the reference point cloud data and the Euler angle of the reference scanner; and
generating the position information of the target object based on the target point cloud data, the position information and the Euler angle of the target scanner, the reference point cloud data, and the position information and the Euler angle of the reference scanner.

US Pat. No. 10,655,981

METHOD FOR UPDATING PARKING AREA INFORMATION IN A NAVIGATION SYSTEM AND NAVIGATION SYSTEM

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for improved navigation to parking spaces via vehicle navigation systems, the method comprises the acts of:recognizing a parking space based on sensor data captured by at least one sensor on at least one vehicle, the sensor data reflecting the surroundings of the at least one vehicle;
determining information relating to the parking space at least in part from said captured sensor data, said information at least partly characterizing properties of the parking space independent of whether the parking space is occupied;
analyzing the determined information in relation to a sufficient characterization of the parking space;
comparing the determined information with data in at least one database;
updating the database if a deviation is present between the determined information and the data in the database; and
navigating one or more vehicles to the parking spaces, each via a respective navigation system, using the updated database.

US Pat. No. 10,655,979

USER INTERFACE FOR DISPLAYING PREDICTED DESTINATIONS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. For an application that operates on a mobile device, a method comprising:determining, using a GPS sensor, a current location of the mobile device;
while the mobile device is connected to a vehicle, predicting a plurality of likely destinations for the vehicle based on data from a plurality of different sources, each likely destination predicted to be a next likely destination of the vehicle based on a current location;
generating, for a display screen of the vehicle separate from the mobile device, a user interface (UI) that displays at least a portion of different, separate informational display areas for each of a plurality of predicted destinations, the informational display areas for each of the plurality of predicted destinations comprising (i) a portion of a map including a route from the current location of the vehicle to the destination, and (ii) additional metadata corresponding to the destination; and
outputting the generated UI to an interactive vehicle system for display on the vehicle display screen.

US Pat. No. 10,655,978

CONTROLLING AN AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE BASED ON PASSENGER BEHAVIOR

HARMAN INTERNATIONAL INDU...

1. A computer-implemented method for operating an autonomous vehicle, the method comprising:determining a first physiological response of a first occupant of an autonomous vehicle based on first sensor data;
determining that the first physiological response is related to a first event outside of the autonomous vehicle; and
modifying at least one operating characteristic of the autonomous vehicle based on second sensor data that corresponds to the first event outside of the autonomous vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,655,977

NAVIGATION SYSTEM WITH A RESTRICTED MOBILITY AND METHOD OF OPERATION THEREOF

Telenav, Inc., Santa Cla...

1. A method of operation of a navigation system comprising:determining a geographic limitation with a control unit based on the geographic limitation associated with a traveler information included in a traveler restriction information;
generating a provisional route based on a path between a start point and a destination point;
determining a provisional point of interest based on a point of interest of the provisional route;
determining a point of interest restriction based on the point of interest restriction associated with the provisional point of interest included in a rule information;
determining a navigation restriction based on matching the geographic limitation and the point of interest restriction for presenting on a device; and
wherein determining the geographic limitation includes determining a prohibited proximity access based on the prohibited proximity access associated with the traveler information included in the traveler restriction information.

US Pat. No. 10,655,976

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MAKING REPLENISHMENT RECOMMENDATION

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. A replenishment recommendation system for making a recommendation to a driver of a vehicle to replenish energy for the vehicle, comprising: a replenishment intent switch configured to be operated by the driver to indicate an intent to replenish energy; a non-transitory storage medium configured to store a remaining amount of energy of the vehicle as a past remaining amount when replenishment is initiated, when the replenishment intent switch is operated, or when a replenishment recommendation is executed; and a control unit comprising a CPU that comprises: a selection unit configured to store, in the non-transitory storage medium, the remaining amount as the past remaining amount when a first condition is satisfied, the first condition being satisfied by an operation of the replenishment intent switch; a recommendation generation trigger point computation unit configured to compute a recommendation generation trigger point given as a remaining amount of energy that triggers an energy replenishment recommendation to the driver to replenish energy based on the past remaining amounts stored in the non-transitory storage medium; and a recommendation generation unit provided with a display unit and configured to display a replenishment recommendation indication on the display unit when a current energy remaining amount of the vehicle has become equal to or less than the recommendation generation trigger point, wherein the selection unit is configured to store, in the non-transitory storage medium as the past remaining amount, an energy remaining amount at a time point of displaying the replenishment recommendation indication on the display unit if a second condition is satisfied, the second condition being satisfied when the replenishment intent switch is not operated, and a distance traveled by the vehicle from the time point of displaying the energy replenishment recommendation indication to a time point of detecting the replenishment of energy is equal to or less than a prescribed distance determination value.

US Pat. No. 10,655,975

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ROUTING OPTIMIZATION

Alibaba Group Holding Lim...

1. A computer-implemented method for determining routing using reinforcement learning (RL), comprising:initializing a state of an RL model based on a routing solution comprising one or more routes for routing one or more vehicles through a plurality of locations, wherein the RL model comprises a plurality of improvement actions for applying to the state according to a policy to reduce a cost of the routing solution;
applying one or more of the plurality of improvement actions to the state according to the policy to reduce the cost of the routing solution and to obtain updated routing solutions until a predetermined condition is satisfied;
in response to the predetermined condition being satisfied, applying a perturbation action to obtain a perturbed routing solution and feeding the perturbed routing solution back to the RL model for the RL model to perform the applying one or more of the plurality of improvement actions according to the policy; and
determining a routing solution with a minimum cost from the updated routing solutions.

US Pat. No. 10,655,974

SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING REAL-TIME ROUTING AND DATA SERVICES FOR USER EVENTS BASED ON REAL-TIME VEHICLE LOCATION

Bank of America Corporati...

1. A system for providing real-time routing and data services for user events based on real-time vehicle location, comprising:one or more computer processors;
a memory;
a network communication device; and
a software module stored in the memory, executable by the one or more computer processors, and configured to perform the steps of:
identifying an event of a user;
identifying a location of the event;
determining a location of a mobile device of the user;
determining a location of a vehicle of the user;
determining that the mobile device and vehicle of the user are collocated;
in response to determining that the mobile device and vehicle of the user are collocated, determining that the user has initiated travel to the event via the vehicle;
determining a travel route to the event;
in response to determining that the user has initiated travel to the event via the vehicle, transmitting a command to a smart device of the vehicle, the command being configured to cause a display of the smart device to display the travel route;
determining a parking location proximate to the location of the event;
modifying the travel route to include the parking location;
in response to modifying the travel route, transmitting a second command to the smart device of the vehicle, the second command being configured to cause the display of the smart device to display the modified travel route;
identifying one or more items of a third party entity located proximate to the location of the event;
determining that a trigger event has occurred;
in response to determining that the trigger event has occurred, placing an order for the one or more items;
determining that (i) the vehicle has arrived at the parking location and (ii) the user is no longer collocated with the vehicle;
in response to determining that (i) the vehicle has arrived at the parking location and (ii) the user is no longer collocated with the vehicle, transmitting a third command to the mobile device of the user, the third command being configured to cause a display of the mobile device to display information about the order;
determining that the mobile device of the user is collocated with a remote device of the third party entity; and
in response to determining that the mobile device of the user is collocated with the remote device of the third party entity, transferring resources from the user to the third party entity to complete the order.

US Pat. No. 10,655,973

DETECTING ROUTE DEVIATIONS WITH BUFFER STRIPS FOR AUTONOMOUS AND TRADITIONAL FLEETS

Route4Me, Inc., Fort Lee...

3. A data processing system, comprising:a processor; and
a memory coupled to the processor, the memory storing instructions which when executed by the processor causes the processor to perform a method, comprising:
geocoding coordinates of at least one of a user, a vehicle, and a destination on a map;
tracking positioning data of the user, the vehicle, and the destination on the map to generate a tracked route,
wherein the tracking of the positioning data is performed at a predetermined time interval;
comparing the tracked route to one or more generated routes,
wherein the generated routes are prioritized based on at least one of a total distance, a total time, and an objective cost function,
wherein a plurality of buffer zones divide a generated route into multiple segments;
detecting a deviation of the tracked route from a generated route;
resequencing a generated route; and
increasing a buffer zone frequency to increase an accuracy of a resultant pair of buffer perimeters to a generated route; or
decreasing a buffer zone length to increase an accuracy of a resultant pair of buffer perimeter to a generated route.

US Pat. No. 10,655,972

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPERATING A VEHICLE AND A PARKING FACILITY RESPECTIVELY

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for operating a vehicle, comprising:receiving, by the vehicle via a communication network, a digital map of a parking facility and at least one target position in the parking facility;
receiving, by the vehicle via the communication network, positional data of at least one mobile object located within the parking facility;
autonomously navigating, by the vehicle, in the parking facility to the target position based on the digital map and the positional data of the at least one mobile object; and
autonomously parking, by the vehicle, at the target position,
wherein prediction data of future movements of the at least one mobile object, allocated to the at least one mobile object, are received by the vehicle via the communication network, so that the vehicle navigates autonomously in the parking facility based on the future movements of the at least one mobile object.

US Pat. No. 10,655,970

BEACON-BASED INDOOR WAYFINDING SYSTEM WITH AUTOMATED BEACON PLACEMENT

Wichita State University,...

1. A method of configuring a wayfinding system including identifying beacon locations within a navigating space, comprising the steps of:preparing a scaled floor plan image representing the navigating space as a binary image with a foreground and a background;
detecting continuous regions of pixels in the background;
selecting a continuous region in the background having a largest pixel area as a main indoor path;
classifying image features within the foreground by comparison with predetermined target features to identify building blocks in the foreground which are coincident with the main path;
designating the coincident building blocks and nodes within the main path as navigational points of interest, wherein the nodes include intersections in the main path;
condensing the continuous pixel region of the main path into a skeleton representation; and
designating a preliminary beacon location at each point of interest and at each node of the skeleton representation.

US Pat. No. 10,655,969

DETERMINING AND/OR GENERATING A NAVIGATION PATH THROUGH A CAPTURED THREE-DIMENSIONAL MODEL RENDERED ON A DEVICE

Matterport, Inc., Mounta...

1. A system, comprising:a memory; and
a processor coupled to the memory and configured to:
determine at least one waypoint location associated with a virtual view within a three-dimensional (3D) model of an architectural environment based on principles of artificial intelligence; and
determine a path within the 3D model to navigate between a first location associated with the 3D model and a second location associated with the 3D model based on the at least one waypoint location associated with the principles of artificial intelligence.

US Pat. No. 10,655,968

EMERGENCY DRONE GUIDANCE DEVICE

Alarm.com Incorporated, ...

1. A monitoring system comprising:one or more sensors that are located through a property;
a monitor control unit that is configured to:
obtain sensor data from the one or more sensors, wherein the sensor data represents a physical environment of the property;
based on the sensor data, determine that there is an emergency condition at the property;
in response to determining that there is an emergency condition at the property, determine, based on the sensor data, a location of a person inside the property; and
based on the sensor data, the location of the person inside the property, and on characteristics of the property:
determine a first path to the person;
identify multiple candidate exit paths based on the physical environment of the property during the emergency condition;
for each of the multiple candidate exit paths, determine (i) a respective number of obstructions detected along a particular candidate exit path, and (ii) respective distance the particular candidate exit path;
select, from among the multiple candidate exit paths, a candidate exit path based on the numbers of obstructions detected along the multiple candidate exit paths and the distances of the multiple candidate exit paths; and
determine a second path to guide the person away from the emergency condition based on the selected candidate exit path; and
a drone that is configured to:
receive data identifying the first path to the person and the second path to guide the person away from the emergency condition; and
navigate the first path to the person and the second path to guide the person away from the emergency condition.

US Pat. No. 10,655,967

MARKER PLACEMENT WITHIN A MAP INTERFACE

GOJO Industries, Inc., A...

1. A method for hygiene device marker placement on a map interface, comprising:displaying a map interface to a user;
responsive to receiving an initiate marker creation command, displaying a create marker interface comprising a hygiene device type specification interface;
receiving a create marker command through the create marker interface;
placing a hygiene device marker on the map interface at an initial position responsive to receiving the create marker command, the hygiene device marker representing a hygiene device; and
responsive to receiving a reposition command for the hygiene device marker, moving the hygiene device marker from the initial position to an adjusted position while a position of the hygiene device remains static.

US Pat. No. 10,655,966

VEHICLES, VEHICLE CONTROLLER SYSTEMS, METHODS FOR CONTROLLING A VEHICLE, AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING A PLURALITY OF VEHICLES

SINGAPORE UNIVERSITY OF T...

1. A vehicle comprising:a sensor configured to sense a marking under a first lighting condition, wherein the marking is at least substantially not visible to a human eye under a second lighting condition;
a localization circuit configured to determine a location of the vehicle based on the sensing of the sensor; and
a marking deposition device configured to deposit a material which is at least substantially not visible to the human eye under the second lighting condition, to create markings on paths on which the vehicle travels,
wherein the second lighting condition comprises a lighting condition with light in a wavelength range between 380 nm and 780 nm,
wherein the first lighting condition is different from the second lighting condition with respect to wavelength, and
wherein the material is visible to the human eye under the first lighting condition.

US Pat. No. 10,655,965

ROTATIONAL SPEED SENSOR WITH MINIMIZED INTERFERENCE MOVEMENTS IN THE DRIVING MODE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A rotation rate sensor, comprising:a substrate having a principal extension plane;
at least one first structure movable with respect to the substrate;
at least one second structure movable with respect to the substrate and with respect to the first structure;
at least one first drive structure for deflecting the first structure out of an idle position of the first structure with a motion component parallel to a first axis; and
at least one second drive structure for deflecting the second structure out of an idle position of the second structure with a motion component parallel to the first axis, the first structure and second structure being excitable to oscillate in counter-phase, with motion components parallel to the first axis;
wherein the first drive structure has at least one first spring mounted on the substrate in such a way that the first spring counteracts a pivoting of the first structure around an axis extending parallel to a second axis extending perpendicularly to the principal extension plane, and the second drive structure has at least one second spring mounted on the substrate in such a way that the second spring counteracts a pivoting of the second structure around a further axis extending parallel to the second axis.

US Pat. No. 10,655,964

HIGH QUALITY FACTOR MEMS SILICON FLOWER-OF-LIFE VIBRATORY GYROSCOPE

HRL Laboratories, LLC, M...

1. A resonator comprising:an anchor;
an outer stiffener ring on an outer perimeter of the resonator;
at least one inner stiffener ring concentric with the outer stiffener ring; and
a plurality of curved springs coupled to the anchor and to the outer stiffener ring;
wherein each of the plurality of curved springs are coupled to the at least one inner stiffener ring;
wherein the outer stiffener ring has a first diameter that is greater than a second diameter of the inner stiffener ring; and
wherein each of the plurality of curved springs comprises a convex spring.

US Pat. No. 10,655,963

ANCHORING STRUCTURE FOR A SENSOR INSENSITIVE TO ANCHOR MOVEMENT

InvenSense, Inc., San Jo...

1. A microelectromechanical (MEMS) sensor, comprising:a substrate;
at least one anchoring component;
a spring-mass system suspended from the at least one anchoring component, comprising:
at least one sense mass, wherein the at least one sense mass moves in response to a sensed inertial force;
a rigid mass coupled to the at least one anchoring component by at least one anchoring spring, wherein the at least one sense mass is coupled to the at least one anchoring component via the rigid mass and the anchoring spring, and wherein the rigid mass is substantially stationary during the operation of the MEMS sensor and in response to the sensed inertial force, wherein the at least one anchoring component and the spring-mass system are located within a MEMS layer of the MEMS sensor, and wherein the substrate is located below the MEMS layer and parallel to the MEMS layer.

US Pat. No. 10,655,962

SURVEYING SYSTEM

HEXAGON TECHNOLOGY CENTER...

1. A surveying subsystem adapted to be used as part of a surveying system that is adapted to determine positions of a position measuring resource that is mounted on a surveying pole and includes a GNSS-antenna or a retro-reflector, wherein said surveying pole is hand-carried, the surveying subsystem comprising:a camera module configured to be attached to the surveying pole and having a camera and an optical element, the optical element being configured such that the camera has an angle of view of 360° in an azimuthal direction; and
a control and evaluation unit having stored thereon a program with program code that, when executed, controls and executes a spatial representation generation functionality in which, when moving along a path through a surrounding:
a first series of panoramic images of the surrounding is captured with the camera, the first series comprising an amount of panoramic images captured with different poses of the camera, the poses representing respective positions and orientations of the camera,
a SLAM-evaluation with a defined algorithm using the series of panoramic images is performed, wherein a plurality of respectively corresponding image points are identified in each of several sub-groups of panoramic images of the series of panoramic images and, based on resection and forward intersection using the plurality of respectively corresponding image points,
a reference point field is built up comprising a plurality of reference points of the surrounding, wherein coordinates of the reference points are derived, and
the poses for the panoramic images are determined,
wherein a position and orientation of at least one of the surveying subsystem or the camera in six degrees of freedom are derived based on one or more of the determined poses and based on a multitude of determined positions of the position measuring resource.

US Pat. No. 10,655,961

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING AN ALTITUDE ERROR VALUE ASSOCIATED WITH AN ESTIMATED ALTITUDE OF A MOBILE DEVICE

NextNav, LLC, Sunnyvale,...

1. A method for determining an altitude error value associated with an estimated altitude of a mobile device that resides in an operational environment, the method comprising:determining a first error value;
determining a second error value; and
determining the altitude error value using the first error value and the second error value,
wherein determining the first error value is implemented by one or more machines, and wherein determining the first error value comprises:
determining an estimated distance between the mobile device and a reference pressure sensor;
determining if weather data specifies weather in the operational environment is a first type of weather;
determining a weather error value; and
using the weather error value to set the first error value,
wherein determining the weather error value comprises:
if a determination is made that the weather data specifies the weather in the operational environment is the first type of weather, determining a product computed by multiplying the estimated distance by a predefined number and determining the weather error value is the determined product;
if a determination is made that the weather data specifies the weather in the operational environment is not the first type of weather and the estimated distance is less than a threshold amount of distance, determining the weather error value is a first predefined error value; and
if a determination is made that the weather data specifies the weather in the operational environment is not the first type of weather and the estimated distance is greater than the threshold amount of distance, determining the weather error value is a second predefined error value.

US Pat. No. 10,655,960

CMM MOVING PATH ADJUSTMENT ASSISTING METHOD AND APPARATUS

MITUTOYO CORPORATION, Ka...

1. A CMM moving path adjustment assisting method that assists adjustment for a movement path of a probe in a coordinate measuring system, the coordinate measuring system comprising: a coordinate measuring machine that includes the probe having a probe tip at a tip thereof for detecting a surface of an object to be measured, and a movable frame for moving the probe, and measures a shape of the object to be measured by allowing the probe tip to scan the surface of the object to be measured; and a controller that controls operation of the coordinate measuring machine, the method comprising:calculating, by the controller, a scanning path for allowing the probe tip to perform scanning movement along the surface of the object to be measured;
calculating, by the controller, the movement path followed by the probe when the probe tip moves along the scanning path;
setting, by the controller, control points associated with each position of the probe tip on the scanning path and each position of the probe corresponding to each position of the probe tip; and
accepting, by the controller, a change in position of the control points by a user, and changing the movement path according to the change in position of the control points,
wherein:
the controller provides an adjustment guide that allows a plurality of the control points to move collectively,
the adjustment guide is a guide line corresponding to a single straight line connecting the plurality of control points, and
upon receiving an input for operating the guide line, the controller causes the plurality of control points to move collectively according to a movement of the guide line.

US Pat. No. 10,655,959

HIGH DENSITY SLIDER CLAMP FIXTURE

SanDisk Technologies LLC,...

1. A clamp fixture for clamping a plurality of sliders, comprising:a monolithic structure comprising one or more rows of slider nests for receiving the plurality of sliders, a slider nest in a row comprising:
a reference datum edge formed in the monolithic structure, the reference datum edge aligned with other reference datum edges in the row, and
a flexure configured to clamp a slider of the plurality of sliders against the reference datum edge, the flexure configured to clamp the slider independently of other flexures in the row.

US Pat. No. 10,655,958

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING ROTATION ANGLES

SHANGHAI UNITED IMAGING H...

8. A system, comprising:one or more storage media comprising a set of instructions for analyzing data from a computer tomography (CT) scanner; and
one or more processors configured to communicate with the one or more storage media, wherein when executing the set of instructions, the one or more processors are directed to:
obtain a rotation speed of a radioactive scanning source in the CT scanner;
obtain a plurality of original projection acquisition times corresponding to the plurality of projection samples, the plurality of projection samples being associated with rotation of the radioactive scanning source;
determine a plurality of modified projection acquisition times corresponding to the plurality of projection samples by modifying the plurality of original projection acquisition times; and
determine a plurality of modified rotation angles corresponding to the plurality of projection samples based on the rotation speed of the radioactive scanning source and the plurality of modified projection acquisition times.

US Pat. No. 10,655,957

METHOD FOR CHARACTERIZING A TRAILER ATTACHED TO A TOWING VEHICLE, DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM, AS WELL AS VEHICLE/TRAILER COMBINATION

Valeo Schalter und Sensor...

1. A method for characterizing a trailer attached to a towing vehicle, in which a kinematic model describing the trailer is given, the method comprising:a) receiving lidar sensor data of a lidar sensor device of the towing vehicle from an environmental region of the towing vehicle and the attached trailer, and identifying detection points corresponding to reflection points from the environmental region in the lidar sensor data;
b) determining at least one model sub-region at least partially overlapping with the kinematic model;
c) classifying the detection points lying within the model sub-region as detection points corresponding to the trailer;
d) determining at least one feature of the trailer based on the detection points corresponding to the trailer;
e) comparing the at least one feature with the kinematic model; and
f) updating the kinematic model based on the comparison of the at least one feature with the kinematic model,
wherein each model sub-region extends along an edge of the kinematic model, each edge representing a side wall of the trailer.

US Pat. No. 10,655,956

DISPLACEMENT MEASURING APPARATUS, ELECTRON BEAM INSPECTION APPARATUS, AND DISPLACEMENT MEASURING METHOD

NuFlare Technology, Inc.,...

1. A displacement measuring apparatus comprising:an illumination optical system configured to irradiate, from an oblique direction, a surface of a target object with a beam;
a sensor configured to receive a reflected light from the surface of the target object irradiated with the beam;
an optical system configured to diverge the reflected light in a Fourier plane with respect to the surface of the target object;
a camera configured to image a diverged beam in the Fourier plane;
a gravity center shift amount calculation circuitry configured to calculate a gravity center shift amount of the reflected light in a light receiving surface of the sensor, based on a light quantity distribution of the beam imaged by the camera;
a measurement circuitry configured to measure a heightwise displacement of the surface of the target object by an optical lever method, using information on a corrected gravity center position which is obtained by correcting a gravity center position of the reflected light received by the sensor by using the gravity center shift amount; and
a storage device configured to store a beam shift map defining a gravity center shift amount shifted from a design position of an aperture image in the light receiving surface of the sensor, corresponding to each position of the aperture image at a position conjugate to the Fourier plane, wherein
the gravity center shift amount calculation circuitry calculates the gravity center shift amount of the reflected light, based on the light quantity distribution, using the beam shift map.

US Pat. No. 10,655,955

TIME-SPACE CODING METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR GENERATING A STRUCTURED LIGHT CODED PATTERN

NINGBO YINGXIN INFORMATIO...

1. A time-space coding method for generating a structured light coded pattern, comprising steps of:S1: designing a regular light-emitting lattice of a certain size;
S2: coding light-emitting particle elements in the regular light-emitting lattice in step S1 in accordance with a coding rule to generate a coded pattern; and
S3: performing window uniqueness analysis to the coded pattern generated in step S2; in the case of meeting a window uniqueness distribution requirement, generating a final coded pattern; in the case of failure to meet the requirement, repetitively executing steps S2˜S3 till meeting the window uniqueness distribution requirement to thereby generate the final coded pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,655,954

THREE-DIMENSIONAL SHAPE, DISPLACEMENT, AND STRAIN MEASUREMENT DEVICE AND METHOD USING PERIODIC PATTERN, AND PROGRAM THEREFOR

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ADV...

1. A method for measuring a displacement distribution: comprisinga first step for obtaining a first moiré fringe by first down-sampling and intensity interpolation to a grating image in a predetermined direction, the grating image displaying a lattice on a specimen;
a second step for generating a second moiré fringe by second down-sampling and intensity interpolation to the first moiré fringe in the predetermined direction; and
a third step for calculating the displacement distribution in the predetermined direction or a depth direction based on a phase difference distribution of the second moiré fringe before and after deformation.

US Pat. No. 10,655,953

STRUCTURAL COLOR CHANGEABLE MATERIAL AND STRAIN DETECTION APPARATUS

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., Ch...

1. A structural color changeable material, comprising:a strain body in which a strain is produced by an external pressure or an internal change; and
surface plasmon generating particles which generate surface plasmon and which are contained in the strain body,
wherein the surface plasmon is generated by an incident light with a wavelength in the near-infrared spectrum,
wherein a mean particle size of the surface plasmon generating particles is dependent upon the wavelength of incident light and is within a longer wavelength region than a plasmon resonance frequency, and
wherein the surface plasmon generating particles are periodically arranged in a plane parallel with a reflection surface of the incident light.

US Pat. No. 10,655,952

VISUALIZER, MEASUREMENT SYSTEM, AND MEASUREMENT METHOD

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A visualizer, comprising:an optical member including a fixed part that has a fixed relative positional relationship with an object to be measured and a movable part that is movably supported by the fixed part and keeps a constant angle with respect to a gravity direction, the optical member retroreflecting a light or an electromagnetic wave from outside of the visualizer to outside of the visualizer in a case where the fixed part and the movable part are in a predetermined positional relationship, wherein:
the optical member changes an intensity of the light or the electromagnetic wave reflected in a retroreflection direction in accordance with a change of a relative positional relationship between the fixed part and the movable part,
the optical member includes a liquid that is held by the fixed part, and
the movable part is supported by the fixed part only through the liquid.

US Pat. No. 10,655,951

DETERMINING RELATIVE POSITIONS OF USER DEVICES

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A system comprising:one or more processors; and
one or more computer-readable media storing computer-executable instructions that, when executed on the one or more processors, cause the one or more processors to perform acts comprising:
receiving, from a first device located at a first position within an environment that is remote from the one or more processors of the system, an identifier of the first device and wireless-signal-strength data indicating a wireless signal strength between the first device and a second device located at a second position in the environment;
receiving, from the second device, an identifier of the second device and time-difference-of-arrival (TDOA) data indicative of a TDOA between a first time at which audio was received at a first microphone of the second device and a second time at which the audio was received at a second microphone of the second device, the audio having been output by a third device located at a third position within the environment;
receiving, from the third device within the environment, an identifier of the third device and one or more images of the environment captured by a camera of the third device;
generating information related to the third position of the third device based, at least in part, on the TDOA data; and
generating environment data based at least in part on the identifier of the first device, the wireless-signal-strength data, the identifier of the second device, the TDOA data, the identifier of the third device, and the one or more images, the environment data indicating the first position, the second position, and the third position within the environment relative to one another.

US Pat. No. 10,655,950

DEVICE FOR DETERMINING THE QUALITY OF A CORRUGATED BOARD WEB

BHS Corrugated Maschinen-...

1. A device for determining a quality of a moving corrugated board web with at least one cover web and at least one corrugated web, the device comprising:a quality determination sensor arrangement comprising a first quality determination sensor unit and a second quality determination sensor unit, the first quality determination sensor unit facing a first side of the corrugated board web, for determining the quality of the corrugated board web on the first side, the second quality determination sensor unit facing a second side of the corrugated board web opposite the first side of the corrugated board web, for determining the quality of the corrugated board web on the second side; and
an evaluation unit in signal connection with the quality determination sensor arrangement, the evaluation unit evaluating signals of the quality determination sensor arrangement with regard to the quality of the corrugated board web, wherein a calibration arrangement comprises at least one calibration part, arranged at the second quality determination sensor unit, for reflecting a first measuring beam of the first quality determination sensor unit back to the first quality determination sensor unit in an absence of a corrugated board web, wherein the calibration arrangement calibrates the quality determination sensor arrangement, the first quality determination sensor unit and the second quality determination sensor unit being arranged offset from each other, transverse to a transport direction of the corrugated board web, during a calibration process.

US Pat. No. 10,655,949

INSPECTING A MULTILAYER SAMPLE

APPLEJACK 199 L.P., Milp...

1. A method for inspecting a multilayer sample, the method comprising:(b) emitting light from a broadband light source;
(c) receiving, at a beam splitter, the light and splitting, at the beam splitter, the light into first and second portions;
(d) directing, from the beam splitter, the first portion of the light toward a multilayer sample positioned a first optical distance from the beam splitter;
(e) directing, from the beam splitter, the second portion of the light onto a reflector positioned a second optical distance from the beam splitter;
(f) combining, at the beam splitter, the first portion of the light after being reflected from the multilayer sample and the second portion of the light after being reflected from the reflector;
(g) directing, from the beam splitter, the combined light toward a system for analyzing Fabry-Perot fringes;
(h) receiving, at a computer-controlled spectrograph included in the system for analyzing Fabry-Perot fringes, the combined light and spectrally analyzing the combined light using the computer-controlled spectrograph to determine a value of a total power impinging a slit of the system for analyzing Fabry-Perot fringes;
(i) determining an optical path difference (OPD) between an optical path of the first portion of the light and an optical path of the second portion of the light;
(j) recording a Fabry-Perot interferogram for the OPD based on the determined value;
(k) directing, from the beam splitter, the combined light toward a computer-controlled point detector;
(l) recording, by the point detector, a Michelson interferogram for the OPD based on the combined light received at the point detector;
(m) performing (b)-(l) one or more additional times after decreasing the first optical distance by moving the multilayer sample closer to the beam splitter resulting in a different OPD; and
(n) determining the thicknesses, compositions, orientations, and order of the layers of the multilayer sample based on a combined analysis of the Fabry-Perot interferograms and the Michelson interferograms for each of the different OPDs.

US Pat. No. 10,655,948

FEATURE AND DEPTH MEASUREMENT USING MULTIPLE BEAM SOURCES AND INTERFEROMETRY

TERADIODE, INC., Wilming...

1. A system for processing a workpiece, the system comprising:a laser emitter for emitting an output beam;
an interferometry apparatus for measuring a height or depth of a portion of a surface of the workpiece using a portion of the output beam; and
a controller, coupled to the laser emitter and the interferometry apparatus, for controlling a property of the output beam, in accordance with the measured height or depth of the portion of the surface of the workpiece, to process the workpiece by physically altering the workpiece.

US Pat. No. 10,655,947

THICKNESS MEASURING METHOD AND DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

9. A thickness measuring device for measuring a thickness of a layer to be measured of a light-transmitting sample to be measured, comprising:an optical device and a metal layer disposed oppositely, the optical device comprising a light incident surface and a light exit surface, wherein incident light is transmitted through the sample to be measured to the metal layer, and reflected to the light exit surface of the optical device from the metal layer;
an emitter corresponding to the light incident surface of the optical device and configured to emit the incident light toward the light incident surface;
a receiver corresponding to the light exit surface of the optical device and configured to receive an intensity of light exiting from the light exit surface;
an acquirer configured to acquire optical parameters of the incident light from the emitter in a case where the receiver receives an intensity of light exiting from the light exit surface less than 10?12 W/m2; and
a calculator configured to calculate the thickness of the layer to be measured according to the optical parameters of the incident light,
wherein the calculator comprises:
a first computing component configured to calculate an incident wave vector of the layer to be measured according to the optical parameters of the incident light;
a second computing component configured to calculate a reflectivity of a first interface and a reflectivity of a second interface of the layer to be measured, respectively, wherein the layer to be measured includes a first surface facing the optical device and a second surface facing the metal layer, the first surface is in contact with a first adjacent layer, the second surface is in contact with a second adjacent layer, the first interface is an interface between the layer to be measured and the first adjacent layer, and the second interface is an interface between the layer to be measured and the second adjacent layer; and
a third computing component configured to calculate the thickness of the layer to be measured according to the incident wave vector of the layer to be measured obtained by the first computing component and the reflectivities of the first and second interfaces of the layer to be measured obtained by the second computing component.

US Pat. No. 10,655,946

AUTOMATED ROTATION MECHANISM FOR SPHERICALLY MOUNTED RETROREFLECTOR

FARO TECHNOLOGIES, INC., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a kinematic nest operable to support a first element, the first element having a spherical surface;
a rotation mechanism operable to rotate the first element on the kinematic nest while the spherical surface retains contact with the kinematic nest; and
a first processor operable to activate the rotation mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,655,945

METHODS AND APPARATUS TO COORDINATE MOVEMENT OF AUTOMATED VEHICLES AND FREIGHT DIMENSIONING COMPONENTS

Symbol Technologies, LLC,...

16. A method of dimensioning an object carried by an automated vehicle, the method comprising:in response to determining that an object carried by the automated vehicle is to be dimensioned by an image sensor, assuming control of movement of the automated vehicle at a processor remotely located from the automated vehicle;
identifying object information associated with the object carried by the automated vehicle;
determining an instruction based on the object information; and
coordinating, based on the instruction and using the processor remotely located from the vehicle, movement of the automated vehicle with image capture operations of the image sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,655,944

BULLET SEATING DIE FOR SHOULDER BREECHING RIFLE CARTRIDGES

1. An apparatus for assembling an ammunition cartridge,said apparatus being operated by application of an external force,
said force being generated by one of the group consisting of a press or a hammer,
said ammunition cartridge comprising a bullet and a case,
said bullet comprising a cylindrical base and a tapered tip,
said base of said bullet having a diameter,
said case comprising a conical shoulder and a cylindrical neck,
said shoulder of said case having a cone angle and a median diameter,
said ammunition cartridge being assembled for use in a firearm,
said firearm comprising a barrel,
said barrel comprising a chamber and a bore,
said bore having a diameter,
said diameter of said bore being smaller than said diameter of said base of said bullet,
said apparatus comprising:
a bullet-stop, said bullet-stop comprising a bore, said bore of said bullet-stop having a diameter, said diameter of said bore of said bullet-stop being equal to said diameter of said bore of said barrel;
and a case-stop, said case-stop comprising a bore with a conical mouth, said mouth having a cone angle and a median diameter, said cone angle of said mouth being equal to said cone angle of said shoulder of said case, said median diameter of said mouth being equal to said median diameter of said shoulder of said case;
the distance between said bore of said bullet-stop and said median diameter of said mouth of said case-stop being constant during assembly of said cartridge,
said force pressing said tip of said bullet against said bore of said bullet-stop,
said pressing inserting said base of said bullet into said neck of said case,
said insertion continuing until said conical shoulder of said case is pressed against said conical mouth of said bore of said case-stop.

US Pat. No. 10,655,943

MORTAR SYSTEM WITH IMPROVED GAS SEAL

1. A mortar system comprising:a combination of a barrel and a projectile fired therefrom, said barrel having substantially tubular shape, said barrel having an open muzzle end and an opposing sealed end, said barrel used in a substantially upright position, wherein said muzzle end points in a substantially upward direction,
said projectile comprising a substantially ogive nose section, a substantially cylindrical middle section and a tail section,
said projectile further comprising a propelling charge located substantially in said tail section,
said projectile further comprising a propelling charge initiator located in said tail section,
said projectile insertable by said tail section first into said muzzle end of said barrel,
said projectile after insertion moving substantially downward inside said barrel by the action of gravity,
said projectile having its maximum diameter at said middle section,
said barrel having inner diameter larger than said maximum diameter of said projectile,
said projectile further comprising obturator mechanism,
said obturator mechanism energized by the force of gravity,
said obturator mechanism further comprising an annular deformable obturator ring,
said obturator ring comprising an uninterrupted annular structure,
said obturator ring further stationary mounted onto said projectile,
said obturator ring capable of assuming two shapes, namely, a) an initial shape having outer diameter smaller than said inner diameter of said barrel, said initial shape permitting unimpeded downward movement of said projectile inside said barrel, and b) a deformed shape having outer diameter generally equal to said inner diameter of said barrel,
said obturator mechanism further comprising obturator ring deforming element,
said deforming element further comprising a weighted annular structure,
said deforming element mounted between said obturator ring and said nose section of said projectile,
said deforming element slidably movable along the longitudinal axis of said projectile,
said deforming element moving toward said obturator ring by action of inertia after said tail section of said projectile strikes said sealed end of said barrel,
said deforming element subsequently contacting said obturator ring,
said deforming element subsequently deforming said obturator ring from said initial shape into said deformed shape,
wherein said obturator ring upon assuming said deformed shape creates a gas seal between said projectile and said internal surface of said barrel,
said projectile after striking said sealed end of said barrel causing said initiator after a delay to ignite said propelling charge,
said propelling charge generating propelling gas after ignition,
wherein said propelling gas is contained inside said barrel by said gas seal,
wherein said propelling gas expels said projectile from said barrel,
wherein said obturator ring assumes said deformed shape prior to ignition of said propellant charge.

US Pat. No. 10,655,942

REDUCED DIAMETER BOW FISHING ARROW

AMS, LLC, Stratford, WI ...

1. A bowfishing arrow shaft comprising:a carbon fiber composite tube having a central lumen; and
a ferrous insert fitting within the lumen;
wherein the ferrous insert is a multistrand wire rope extending continuously along a length of the shaft;
wherein the wire rope is held slidably without adhesive within the lumen.

US Pat. No. 10,655,941

ATTACHABLE INTERACTIVE MODULAR SHOOTING SYSTEM

Trigger Interactive, LLC,...

1. A target shooting system comprising:at least one target assembly, the target assembly configured to be attached to a corresponding target and including an active target indicator, an actuator, at least one hit sensor, and a target assembly transceiver; and
a computing device configured to communicate with the at least one target assembly, the computing device being configured to:
provide an output signal to the at least one target assembly to activate or deactivate the active target indicator;
receive an input signal from the at least one target assembly indicating whether a target hit was sensed during a time period the active target indicator is activated; and
calculate and display results and statistics for an iteration of target shooting based on the input signal,
wherein the active target indicator includes a signal flag that moves independently from a target associated with the at least one target assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,655,940

BALLISTIC RESISTANT SHEET AND USE OF SUCH A SHEET

DSM IP ASSETS B.V., Heer...

1. A drapable ballistic resistant sheet comprising; a three-layer hybrid structure which comprises an unconsolidated stack of sub-sheets which establish a core layer, a strike face layer and a back face layer, wherein the core layer comprises at least one consolidated first monolayer comprised of first unidirectionally (UD) oriented fibers and a matrix material, and wherein the strike face layer comprises at least one consolidated second monolayer comprised of second UD oriented fibers and a matrix material, and wherein the back face layer comprises at least one consolidated third monolayer comprised of third UD oriented fibers and a matrix material, and wherein each of the strike face layer and the back face layer has a numerical Flexibility Value that is higher than a numerical Flexibility Value of the core layer, wherein the higher numerical Flexibility Value represents increased stiffness.

US Pat. No. 10,655,939

THERMAL PROTECTION BARRIER FOR DELAYING ACCESS

Consolidate Nuclear Secur...

1. A thermal protection barrier comprising:a base layer including a plurality of interconnected baffles, each of the plurality of baffles having at least one perforated wall that the baffle shares with an adjacent baffle; and
free standing granules packed within each of the plurality of baffles such that flow of the granules within the plurality of interconnected baffles is substantially prevented unless there is a breach of the base layer,
wherein, when a first portion of the base layer is breached by a thermal threat and a second portion of the base layer is not breached, the free standing granules are operable to flow (1) as free standing granules towards the thermal threat from baffles proximate to the breach, and (2) as free standing granules through the perforated walls of baffles disposed in the second portion of the base layer remote from the breach towards the baffles proximate the breach to continually replenish the free standing granules of the baffles proximate to the breach and provide a controlled flow of granules to the thermal threat.

US Pat. No. 10,655,938

AEROSOL GENERATING SYSTEM WITH MEANS FOR DISABLING CONSUMABLE

Philip Morris Products S....

1. An aerosol generating system, comprising:a storage portion configured to store an aerosol-forming substrate;
an electric heater configured to heat the aerosol-forming substrate to generate an aerosol;
a control circuitry communication with the storage portion or the electric heater; and
disabling means for rendering the storage portion inoperable in the aerosol generating system in response to a disable signal from the control circuitry,
wherein the disabling means is a component that is configured to be switched or damaged by the disable signal to render the storage portion inoperable in a permanent manner, and
wherein the control circuitry is configured to issue the disable signal in response to a determination that a temperature or a resistance of the electric heater is above a predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,655,937

SIGHT FOR FIREARM

CRIMSON TRACE CORPORATION...

12. An illumination sight for a firearm, comprising: a housing member that is configured to be placed over a receiver of a firearm, the housing couples to a top surface of the receiver of a firearm, the housing member including a lower extension that extends down the side of the receiver toward a trigger of the firearm when installed;an attachment pin configured to couple the lower extension to the receiver; the attachment pin replaces a trigger housing pin of the firearm when installed;
a light source disposed within the housing member; and
a power source disposed within the housing member that is configured to power the light source.

US Pat. No. 10,655,936

COORDINATING MULTIPLE MISSILE TARGETING VIA OPTICAL INTER-MISSILE COMMUNICATIONS

Rosemount Aerospace Inc.,...

1. A system configured to be mounted to a guided missile and to facilitate communications between the guided missile and other systems mounted to other guided missiles, the system comprising:an optical imaging system configured to generate an image of a scene aligned with a missile axis of the guided missile, the image comprising a two-dimensional array of pixel data;
a controller including:
a target identifier configured to identify a plurality of image portions within the image as corresponding to a plurality of potential targets in the aligned scene; a designation detector configured to determine a designated subset of the plurality of image portions within the image, the designated subset corresponding to potential targets in the aligned scene that have been designated via illumination by other optical emitters of the other systems mounted to the other guided missiles; and
a target selector configured to select, if at least one of the plurality of identified image portions is not a member of the designated subset, a target corresponding to one of the plurality of identified image portions that is not a member of the designated subset; and
an optical emitter configured to illuminate the selected target thereby communicating, to other missiles equipped to detect illumination of the target, that the selected target has been designated.

US Pat. No. 10,655,935

MULTI-TURN ELEVATION KNOB FOR OPTICAL DEVICE

BURRIS CORPORATION, Gree...

1. An apparatus comprising:an optical device comprising a reference disposed on an outer surface of the optical device; and
a knob rotatably connected to the optical device proximate the reference, the knob comprising:
a housing; and
an inner ring disposed within the housing, wherein the inner ring comprises:
a plurality of first numeric indicia; and
a plurality of second numeric indicia, wherein each of the plurality of first numeric indicia are disposed in alternating positions about the inner ring with each of the plurality of second numeric indicia.

US Pat. No. 10,655,934

TRIPLE WAVELENGTH POINTING DEVICE

J.M. Acquisitions Inc., ...

1. A method of manufacturing a mirrorless laser device for firearms, comprising the steps of:providing a housing for the laser device;
affixing a laser diode within the housing, wherein the laser diode comprises two solid-state light emitters that emit light from a single source location, wherein the first solid-state light emitter is configured to generate a first emission of a first electromagnetic radiation (EMR) at a first wavelength, and a second solid-state light emitter is configured to generate a second emission of a second EMR at a second wavelength;
affixing a rotating compound collimator within the housing at a fixed distance from the laser diode, wherein the rotating compound collimator comprises a first collimator configured to collimate the first EMR when the rotating compound collimator is at a first angular position and a second collimator configured to collimate the second EMR when the rotating compound collimator is at a second angular position; and
wherein the first collimator is physically separate from the second collimator on the rotating compound collimator such that only one collimator on the rotating compound collimator collimates light from the laser diode at a time.

US Pat. No. 10,655,933

DOT SIGHT DEVICE

Bo Sun Jeung, Bucheon-si...

1. A dot sight, comprising:a sight body having an opening operable to pass light;
an illumination unit operable to generate light;
an optical system operable to direct light generated by the illumination unit to exit the sight body through the opening;
a first adjustor accessible from a first side of the sight body and operable to cause the illumination unit to be displaced along a first direction; and
a second adjustor accessible from the first side of the sight body and operable to cause the illumination unit to be displaced along a second direction different than the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,655,932

DOT SIGHTING DEVICE

Bo Sun Jeung, Bucheon-si...

1. A dot sighting device, comprising:a housing having a first opening and a second opening, a first axis being defined from a center of the first opening to a center of the second opening, and a second axis being defined normal to the first axis;
a light source that emits light and disposed substantially parallel to the second axis;
a reflective element disposed substantially parallel to the second axis, the reflective element having a first surface disposed proximal to the light source and a second surface disposed distal to the light source, and the first surface of the reflective element being configured to reflect at least a portion of the light incident on the reflective element;
a beam splitter disposed between the light source and the reflective element; and
a polarizer disposed substantially parallel to the first axis and configured to limit the light projected by the light source towards a target.

US Pat. No. 10,655,931

HOLSTER WITH PUSHROD DISENGAGEMENT LOCKING ELEMENT

Sentry Solutions Products...

1. A holster, comprising:a holster body defining an at least partial cavity portion capable of receiving at least a portion of a handgun therein;
a locking element, wherein said locking element extends from a proximal end to a distal end, wherein a first helical portion, defining a first helical ramp surface, begins at or proximate said proximal end and extends to a locking projection portion extending from at least a portion of said distal end of said locking element, wherein a second helical portion, defining a second helical ramp surface, begins at or proximate said proximal end and extends toward said distal end of said locking element, wherein said locking element is at least partially rotatable between a locking element engaged position and a locking element disengaged position, wherein at least a portion of said locking element retains said handgun in said holster in said locking element engaged position, via interaction between at least a portion of said locking projection portion and an interior surface of a trigger guard of said handgun, and permits release of said handgun when in said locking element disengaged position;
an elongate pushrod, extending from a first end to a second end, wherein at least a portion of said pushrod is slidably positioned within at least a portion of said holster body, such that at least said first end of said pushrod may be urged within said at least partial cavity portion to contact said second helical ramp surface of said second helical portion of said locking element such that if said pushrod is urged toward said locking element, interaction between said first end of said pushrod and said second helical ramp surface of said second helical portion causes said locking element to rotate toward the locking element disengaged position; and
a release lever attached or coupled to said second end of said pushrod.

US Pat. No. 10,655,930

INSIDE WAISTBAND CONCEALED CARRIER

Turning Point Distributio...

1. A concealable, internal pocket comprising:a pouch comprised of a front panel and a back panel,
the front panel comprising a first side and a second side, the first side of the front panel facing an interior of the pouch, the front panel comprising a top portion that folds over and away from the pouch such that the first side of the front panel on the top portion faces away from the pouch, and
the back panel comprising a cover portion that extends over a top opening of the pouch and over the front panel; and
a waistline connector that is configured to attach to a waistline of a user's pants, the waistline connector being attached to the first side of the front panel on the top portion of the front panel, the cover portion of the back panel directly attaching to and detaching from the waistline connector.

US Pat. No. 10,655,929

UNIVERSAL GUN RAIL MOUNT FOR ACCESSORIES

1. A gun rail accessory mounting system comprising:two W-shaped mounting brackets with a plurality of threaded openings disposed in a first direction and a top triangular shaped slot and a bottom triangular shaped slot;
at least one mounting fastener oriented in a second direction, which is substantially perpendicular to the first direction, to hold the two W-shaped mounting brackets together with an accessory on one side of the two W-shaped mounting brackets and a gun rail on a second side of the two W-shaped mounting brackets;
at least one recoil retaining screw mechanically engaged with at least one of the plurality of threaded openings allowing a suitable recoil locking device to be used with a recoil locking slot used for a chosen gun rail; and
wherein the two W-shaped mounting brackets are held together with the at least one mounting fastener, the mounting system has a form factor that is symmetrical in two axes, and the top triangular shaped slot of each of the two W-shaped mounting brackets is used to clamp on the gun rail and the bottom triangular shaped slot of each of the two W-shaped mounting brackets is used to clamp a camera.

US Pat. No. 10,655,928

INTEGRATED RECHARGEABLE POWER AND POWER MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGY FOR INDIVIDUAL WEAPON MOUNTED ELECTRONIC DEVICES

Serious Simulations, LLC,...

1. A buttstock for use with a weapon which includes powered accessories requiring power, the buttstock comprising:at least one battery;
at least one power distribution circuit, wherein said power distribution circuit includes at least one of a switch, a protection circuit, a voltage regulator, a balance adapter, an LED battery level voltage meter, an LED display, or combinations thereof;
a capacitor at a proximal end of the weapon and electrically downstream of a power connector of said buttstock, said capacitor sufficient to retain essential power to keep electronic devices temporarily energized during buttstock swapping;
at least one connection mechanism for connecting and securing the buttstock to the proximal end of the weapon; and at least one release mechanism for disengaging the buttstock from the proximal end of the weapon.

US Pat. No. 10,655,927

ARCHERY BOW STABILIZER

MCP IP, LLC, Sparta, WI ...

1. An archery bow stabilizer comprising:a body member configured for attachment to an archery bow riser, the body member comprising a first groove and a second groove;
a first resilient member supported by said body member, a portion of the first resilient member oriented in the first groove;
a second resilient member supported by said body member, a portion of the second resilient member oriented in the second groove; and
a suspended mass supported by said first resilient member and said second resilient member, said suspended mass surrounding said body member, said suspended mass comprising a different material than said first resilient member.

US Pat. No. 10,655,926

FIREARM SOUND SUPPRESSOR HAVING FLASH HIDER

1. A firearm sound suppressor for use with a firearm, the firearm sound suppressor comprising:a housing having a proximal end and a distal end opposite the proximal end,
a core in the housing having a projectile passage through which a projectile can pass along a projectile axis, the core including a frame and a plurality of baffles defining a tortuous gas flow path through the core, the frame formed as one piece of material with the plurality of baffles, the core including a distal end wall at a distal end of the firearm sound suppressor, the distal end wall formed as one piece of material with the frame and the plurality of baffles, the core including a flash hider connected directly to the distal end wall and extending distally from the distal end wall.

US Pat. No. 10,655,925

FIREARM SPRING COMPRESSION TOOL

1. A compression tool for a firearm including a receiver with a magazine well, a barrel extending forwardly from the receiver, a handguard positioned over the barrel and a spring-loaded retaining ring retaining the handguard over the barrel, the retaining ring longitudinally movable between a first, forward, uncompressed, handguard retain position and a second, rearward, compressed, handguard release position, which compression tool comprises:a base selectively received in said magazine well;
a yoke mounted on said base and including a pair of arms extending outwardly from the base, said yoke movable between a first tool-placement position for placement on the uncompressed retaining ring and a second, handguard-release position compressing the retaining ring; and
an actuator mounted on the yoke and rotatable between a handguard retain position and a handguard release position with the retaining ring and the yoke in their first and second positions respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,655,924

CARTRIDGE MAGAZINE

1. A cartridge magazine, comprising:a rib mounted on a vertical wall of the cartridge magazine;
a ramp attached to a top of the rib having a ramp taper, wherein the rib has a height that increases between a bottom of the rib and a top of the rib along a length of the rib which is disposed along a longitudinal length of the vertical wall of the cartridge magazine, wherein the ramp taper tapers perpendicularly to the longitudinal length of the cartridge magazine, and wherein the ramp taper follows a taper of a shoulder of a cartridge case.

US Pat. No. 10,655,923

SPECIAL COOLING COATING DESIGN FOR FOSSIL FUEL, NUCLEAR, GEOTHERMAL, AND SOLAR HEAT DRIVEN POWER PLANTS; FOR HVAC COOLING APPLICATIONS; AND FOR HEAT REJECTION SYSTEMS

Deep Well Power, LLC, Fr...

1. A heat-driven power generation system using a working fluid, comprising:a working fluid to air heat exchange section of a working fluid transport tubing, the working fluid to air heat exchange section having an interior surface, through which the working fluid flows, and an exterior surface; and
a special coating disposed on the exterior surface and configured to release heat radiation in wavelengths of between about 7.9 and about 13.0 micrometers.

US Pat. No. 10,655,922

LAMINATED HEAT SINK

T.RAD Co., Ltd., Tokyo (...

5. A heat sink, comprising:a laminated core comprising a plurality of flat metal plates in a laminated configuration, each of the plates having a plurality of mutually parallel slits formed therethrough to define a plurality of mutually parallel longitudinal ribs and a plurality of mutually parallel transverse ribs, the transverse ribs linking respective adjacent ones of the longitudinal ribs, the longitudinal ribs and the transverse ribs forming the perimeters of the slits and constituting fins extending continuously over the area of the faces of the plates including from one longitudinal edge to another longitudinal edge of the plates, the faces being orthogonal to the direction of lamination; and
a pair of lids, at least one of the lids being concave, the lids being configured as a casing for the laminated core with the lids abutting faces of respective end ones of the plates;
wherein the longitudinal ribs of each of the plates is in registry with the longitudinal ribs of all the other of the plates,
wherein the transverse ribs of some of the plates are not in registry with the transverse ribs of other of the plates,
wherein an exterior surface of one of the lids is configured to receive an object to be cooled,
wherein the laminated core is configured to circulate refrigerant in a longitudinal direction of the longitudinal ribs and into the slits; and
the heat sink further comprising means for blocking the circulation of the refrigerant through a portion of at least one of the plates,
wherein each of the at least one of the plates for which circulation through a portion thereof is blocked is farther in the lamination direction from the lid having an exterior surface configured to receive an object to be cooled than at least one of the plates for which the circulation of the refrigerant is not blocked.

US Pat. No. 10,655,921

TUBE HEAT EXCHANGE UNIT FOR INTERNALS OF HEAT EXCHANGERS REACTORS

Casale SA, Lugano (CH)

1. A tube-bundle heat exchange unit for internals of heat exchangers or reactors, comprising:a tube bundle, which in turn comprises a plurality of tubes and a plurality of baffles supporting the tubes; and
a shell which surrounds said tube bundle, wherein said baffles are perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the tube bundle and define through-openings for the tubes, according to a predefined scheme;
wherein the assembly formed by the tube bundle and the shell is demountable;
the heat exchange unit being characterized in that:
said shell is structurally cooperating with the tube bundle through said baffles, so as a stress acting on the shell is partially withstood by the tube bundle itself.

US Pat. No. 10,655,920

THERMOSIPHON WITH BENT TUBE SECTION

Aavid Thermalloy, LLC, L...

1. A thermosiphon device, comprising:at least one multi-port tube including first and second ends and a plurality of channels each extending between the first and second ends, the multi-port tube having a bend between condenser and evaporator sections of the multi-port tube, the condenser section being between the first end and the bend of the multi-port tube and the evaporator section being between the second end and the bend of the multi-port tube;
at least one manifold in fluid communication with the first and second ends of the multi-port tube; and
a panel arranged between the condenser and evaporator sections that defines a dividing point between portions inside of an enclosure and an environment outside of the enclosure, wherein the thermosiphon device is constructed and arranged such that heat is transferred between the evaporator section and the condenser section, through the panel, via flow of working fluid,
wherein the condenser section and the evaporator section are connected only via the bend of a multi-port tube and the at least one manifold, wherein the thermosiphon device is adapted for flow of working fluid in which evaporated fluid flows upwardly in the evaporator section and to the condenser section via a vapor flow path, and condensed liquid flows downwardly in the condenser section and to the evaporator section via a liquid flow path, wherein the vapor flow path is different from the liquid flow path, and wherein the bend between the condenser and evaporator sections providing the vapor flow path to conduct fluid evaporated in the evaporator section to the condenser section or the liquid flow path to conduct condensed liquid from the condenser section to the evaporator section.

US Pat. No. 10,655,919

COOLING MEMBER AND POWER STORAGE MODULE

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A cooling member comprising:an enclosing member including one or more sheet members defining a liquid tight enclosure, the enclosure including a contact section configured to receive a heat transfer from a component cooled by the cooling member;
refrigerant enclosed in the enclosure of the enclosing member; and
an absorbing member arranged in the enclosure of the enclosing member and absorbing the refrigerant, wherein
the enclosing member includes a condensation section where the refrigerant that is in a gaseous state is condensed, the condensation section of the enclosing member being laterally shifted from the contact section, and
in the condensation section, the absorbing member is attached on at least a lower section of an inner surface of the enclosure of the enclosing member with respect to a vertical direction, the absorbing member extending from the condensation section laterally and vertically upward into the contact section, such that the absorbing member conducts absorbed liquid refrigerant from the condensation section laterally and vertically upward to the contact section.

US Pat. No. 10,655,918

INDIRECT HEAT EXCHANGER HAVING CIRCUIT TUBES WITH VARYING DIMENSIONS

Baltimore Aircoil Company...

1. An indirect heat exchanger comprising:a plurality of coil circuits,
an inlet header connected to an inlet end of each coil circuit and an outlet header connected to an outlet end of each coil circuit,
an evaporative fluid supply configured to distribute evaporative fluid downward onto the coil circuits;
a sump configured to collect evaporative fluid that falls off the coil circuits;
a pump configured to pump evaporative fluid from the sump to the evaporative fluid supply;
a fan;
a motor connected to the fan and operable to cause air to move over the coil circuits;
each coil circuit including a circuit tube that extends in a series of run lengths and return bends from the inlet end of each coil circuit to the outlet end of each coil circuit,
each circuit tube having a decreasing horizontal cross sectional dimension and an increasing vertical cross sectional dimension as the circuit tube extends from adjacent the inlet end of each coil circuit to adjacent the outlet end of each coil circuit,
the plurality of coil circuits including a first coil circuit having first, second, third, fourth, and fifth circuit tube run lengths,
the first circuit tube run length of the first coil circuit having a circular cross section and extending from the inlet header to one of the return bends of the first coil circuit,
the first circuit tube run length having a cylindrical outer surface extending from the inlet header to the one return bend,
the second and third circuit tube run lengths both having the same cross-sectional shape including a first horizontal cross sectional dimension and a first vertical cross sectional dimension; and
the fourth and fifth circuit tube run lengths both having the same cross-sectional shape including a second horizontal cross sectional dimension less than the first horizontal cross sectional dimension and a second vertical cross sectional dimension larger than the first vertical cross sectional dimension.

US Pat. No. 10,655,917

HEAT EXCHANGER AND AIR CONDITIONING DEVICE

Daikin Industries, Ltd., ...

1. A heat exchanger comprising:a plurality of flat tubes arranged in a mutually spaced arrangement;
a first header collecting tube connected to first ends of the flat tubes, the first header collecting tube extending in a vertical direction;
a second header collecting tube connected to second ends of the flat tubes, the second header collecting tube extending in the vertical direction; and
a plurality of fins joined to the flat tubes,
at least one of the first header collecting tube and the second header collecting tube having a loop structure including
a partition member partitioning a single internal space into a single first space where the flat tubes are connected, and a single second space disposed to a side opposite from where the flat tubes are connected to the first space,
an inflow port located in a lower part of the first space, the inflow port prompting inflow of refrigerant so as to give rise to an ascending flow within the first space when the heat exchanger functions as a refrigerant evaporator,
an upper communicating passage located in upper parts of the first space and the second space, the upper communicating passage providing communication between the upper parts of the first space and the second space in order to guide the refrigerant that has ascended within the first space into the second space,
a lower communicating passage located in the lower parts of the first space and the second space, the lower communicating passage providing communication between the lower parts of the first space and the second space, guiding the refrigerant in a direction other than the vertical direction from the second space towards a space above the inflow port in the first space in order to guide the refrigerant from the first space to the second space, and returning the refrigerant having descended through the second space from the second space to the first space, and
a flow regulation space formed at bottoms of the first space and the second space of the internal space, a width of the flow regulation space including at least a width of the first space and a width of the second space, the widths of the flow regulation space, the first space and the second space being in a direction perpendicular to the partition member,
the inflow port, the upper communicating passage and the lower communicating passage being disposed in the single internal space, and
the flat tubes including bottommost flat tubes disposed at bottommost locations of the flat tubes located above the inflow port, a top portion of the lower communicating passage being disposed above a top portion of the inflow port, and the lower communicating passage being disposed adjacent the bottommost flat tubes above the inflow port.

US Pat. No. 10,655,915

PELLET DRYER WITH ADDITIONAL BLOWER

GALA INDUSTRIES, INC., E...

1. A pellet dryer comprising: a housing, an inlet for feeding fluid flushed pellets, and first and second outlets for discharging the fluid and the dried pellets, respectively, a bladed rotor having a central axis that extends in a vertical direction for separation of the fluid by a screen toward outside of the screen surrounding the bladed rotor and for a vertical acceleration and separation of the pellets by the blades of the bladed rotor and for continuously drying the vertically accelerated pellets inside the screen of the housing, characterized in that an additional blower is provided comprising fan on top of the housing positioned in the periphery of the bladed rotor and connected with a ductwork inside the housing between an inner surface of the housing and an outer surface of a framework of the screen, wherein the rotational speed of the additional blower is controlled by a central controller unit of the pellet dryer independently of the rotational speed of the bladed rotor.

US Pat. No. 10,655,914

PORTABLE MODULAR DRYER DEVICE

1. A portable modular drying device, comprising: a blower device comprising:a housing with a top side, a bottom side, a left side, a right side, a front side, and a back side;
a fan positioned within the housing for forcing drying air through the front side of the housing; and
a heating element disposed within the housing on an external side of the fan for heating the drying air;
a distributing manifold for receiving a blower device;
at least one drying manifold having a first end, a second end, and two spaced-apart openings between the first end and second end for distributing the drying air, the drying manifold is selectively secured to the distributing manifold; at least one drying hose having a proximal end and a distal end, the proximal end of the drying hose is selectively secured to an opening of the drying manifold; and
a hose adapter that is hollow and generally circular, the hose adaptor has a first end and a second end, wherein the second end has a diameter that is smaller than the first end, the entire second end is received within an opening of the drying manifold and the entire first end is received within the proximal end of the drying hose, wherein the proximal end of the drying hose contacts the drying manifold.

US Pat. No. 10,655,913

METHOD FOR ENERGY STORAGE WITH CO-PRODUCTION OF PEAKING POWER AND LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS

1. A method for an energy storage, comprising in combination:charging an energy storage facility with a liquid air, as an energy storing medium, produced through consumption of a power from a grid and/or any co-located power source plant:
reducing a pressure of a delivered natural gas at a co-located city gate station from a high pressure at a station inlet down to a low pressure at a station outlet with resulting production of a cooled low-pressure natural gas stream; and
characterized in that:
depressurizing the delivered natural gas at the co-located city gate station is performed with producing a power which is used for at least a partial meeting of a demand for said power consumed during charging the energy storage facility; and
producing the cooled low-pressure natural gas stream at the co-located city' gate station during charging the energy storage facility is supplemented by simultaneous using a cold thermal energy of said cooled low-pressure natural gas stream for cooling an air being compressed during said production of the liquid air resulting in reducing the energy storage facility demand for the power consumed.

US Pat. No. 10,655,912

PURIFICATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE

Air Products and Chemical...

1. A process for purifying crude carbon dioxide comprising at least one impurity that is less volatile than carbon dioxide, said process comprising:feeding crude carbon dioxide to a distillation column system operating at super-atmospheric pressure(s) for separation to produce carbon dioxide-enriched overhead vapor and bottoms liquid enriched with said at least one impurity;
providing carbon dioxide-enriched liquid as reflux for said distillation column system;
re-boiling said distillation column system by at least partially vaporizing said impurity-enriched bottoms liquid and at least one intermediate liquid in or taken from an intermediate location in said distillation column system by indirect heat exchange to provide vapor for said distillation column system;
removing said carbon dioxide-enriched overhead vapor from said distillation column system; and
removing said impurity-enriched bottoms liquid, or a liquid derived from said impurity-enriched bottoms liquid, from said distillation column system,
wherein said process comprises a heat pump cycle using as working fluid said carbon dioxide-enriched overhead vapor from said distillation column system, said heat pump cycle comprising:
(a) warming said carbon dioxide-enriched overhead vapor by indirect heat exchange to produce warmed carbon dioxide-enriched gas;
(b) compressing said warmed carbon dioxide-enriched gas to produce compressed carbon dioxide-enriched recycle gas;
(c) using said compressed carbon dioxide-enriched recycle gas to provide at least a part of the reboil duty required to vaporize said impurity-enriched bottoms liquid thereby cooling said compressed carbon dioxide-enriched recycle gas;
(d) using said compressed carbon dioxide-enriched recycle gas to provide at least a part of the reboil duty required to vaporize said intermediate liquid(s) thereby cooling and at least partially condensing said compressed carbon dioxide-enriched recycle gas to produce carbon dioxide-enriched liquid;
(e) expanding said carbon dioxide-enriched liquid to produce expanded carbon dioxide-enriched liquid; and
(f) using at least a portion of said expanded carbon dioxide-enriched liquid to provide said reflux to said distillation column system;
wherein the compressed carbon dioxide-enriched recycle gas is at substantially the same pressure in steps (c) and (d).

US Pat. No. 10,655,911

NATURAL GAS LIQUEFACTION EMPLOYING INDEPENDENT REFRIGERANT PATH

BATTELLE ENERGY ALLIANCE,...

1. A method of liquefying natural gas, the method comprising:cooling a compressed gaseous refrigerant stream of a refrigerant loop in a channel of a heat exchanger to form a partially gaseous refrigerant stream comprising a gaseous phase and a liquid phase;
separating the gaseous phase from the liquid phase in a separation vessel downstream of the channel of the heat exchanger to form a gaseous refrigerant side stream and a liquid refrigerant stream;
expanding the gaseous refrigerant side stream in an expansion device downstream of the separation vessel;
combining the expanded, gaseous refrigerant side stream with the liquid refrigerant stream in a mixer downstream of the expansion device to form another partially gaseous refrigerant stream; and
directing the another partially gaseous refrigerant stream into another channel of the heat exchanger downstream of the mixer prior to modifying a temperature of the another partially gaseous refrigerant stream to extract heat from a natural gas process stream of a natural gas processing path fluidly separate from the refrigerant loop to liquefy at least a portion of the natural gas process stream and form a gaseous refrigerant stream.

US Pat. No. 10,655,910

BEVERAGE COOLER WITH ENHANCED THERMOELECTRIC COOLING MODULES

The Coca-Cola Company, A...

1. A cooler for cooling a beverage fluid flow, comprising:a thermoelectric cooling device;
the thermoelectric cooling device in communication with a fluid heat exchanger with the fluid flow therein and a fluid permeable membrane for evaporative cooling therein; and
a fan positioned about the fluid permeable membrane.

US Pat. No. 10,655,909

REFRIGERATING APPLIANCE

BSH Hausgeraete GmbH, Mu...

1. A refrigerating appliance, comprising:a cabinet;
a normally closed external valve configured for being disposed external to the cabinet in a supply line supplying water to the refrigerating appliance;
a dispenser mounted within said cabinet for dispensing ice or water;
a valve controller configured to output a valve opening signal when said dispenser requires water;
a cable connected to said valve controller for providing the valve opening signal to said external valve; and
a water supply hose, a connector for said water supply hose and a collecting dish underneath said connector, said water supply hose being disposed in a protective tube having a downstream end leading to said collecting dish.

US Pat. No. 10,655,908

REFRIGERATOR CONTROLLING METHOD AND SYSTEM WITH LINEAR COMPRESSOR

QINGDAO HAIER JOINT STOCK...

9. The system of claim 8, wherein the main control board is further configured to:monitor an operation status of the linear compressor;
when the operation status of the linear compressor becomes abnormal, change the operation condition of the refrigerator so as to increase the refrigeration amount required by the freezing compartment of the refrigerator when the linear compressor runs within the predetermined time; and
after the operation status of the linear compressor becomes normal, set a current operation condition of the refrigerator as the second operation condition.

US Pat. No. 10,655,907

CONTENT AND CONTEXT AWARE MICROSCOPIC COOLING OPTIMIZATION FOR REFRIGERATORS

International Business Ma...

1. A computer-implemented method for controlling temperature settings, comprising:detecting a first type of food item added to a first compartment of a refrigerator;
determining an ideal storage temperature associated with the first type of food item added to the first compartment;
adjusting an ambient storage temperature in the first compartment to substantially match the ideal storage temperature associated with the first type of food item;
detecting a second type of food item added to a second compartment of the refrigerator;
determining an ideal storage temperature associated with the second type of food item added to the second compartment;
adjusting an ambient storage temperature in the second compartment to substantially match the ideal storage temperature associated with the second type of food item;
projecting whether a temperature of the first type of food item will reach an optimal temperature by a time associated with a future event which corresponds to the first type of food item, wherein projecting whether the temperature of the first type of food item will reach the optimal temperature by the future event includes approximating a current temperature of the first type of food item; and
adjusting the ambient storage temperature in the first compartment in response to projecting that the temperature of the first type of food item will not reach the optimal temperature by the time associated with the future event,
wherein the ideal storage temperature associated with the first type of food item is different than the ideal storage temperature associated with the second type of food item.

US Pat. No. 10,655,906

REFRIGERATOR

PANASONIC CORPORATION, O...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a first gasket provided on a door of the refrigerator, and configured to make contact with a refrigerator main body when the door is closed; and
a second gasket disposed on a side surface of the refrigerator main body at a position on a storage compartment side, and including a heat insulator, wherein:
the first gasket and the second gasket are provided between the door and the refrigerator main body,
the second gasket is located on the storage compartment side relative to the first gasket in the refrigerator,
when the door is closed, the second gasket narrows and reduces a gap between the door and the refrigerator main body without making contact with the door,
the second gasket is fixed on the side surface of the refrigerator main body with an adhesive agent, and
the side surface of the refrigerator main body is flat.

US Pat. No. 10,655,905

FLEXIBLE COMPARTMENT FOR A REFRIGERATOR

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

16. The refrigerator of claim 14, wherein:the insulated shelf and the divider shelf define a storage space within the storage compartment;
the storage space is part of the freezer compartment when the insulated shelf is in the first receiving slot; and
the storage space is part of the refrigerator compartment when the insulated shelf is in the second receiving slot.

US Pat. No. 10,655,904

MERCHANDISER INCLUDING FRAME HEATERS

Hussmann Corporation, Br...

1. A refrigerated merchandiser comprising:a case defining a product display area and including a frame having a mullion, the mullion defining an opening to the product display area;
a door coupled and movable relative to the frame over the opening to provide access to the product display area;
a refrigeration system in communication with the product display area to condition the product display area;
a first heater coupled to and routed along the frame;
a second heater coupled to and routed along the frame, the second heater separate from the first heater; and
a controller operatively coupled to the first heater and the second heater and programmed to dependently control the first heater and the second heater relative to each other to have a duty cycle that is the same for the first heater and the second heater so that the first heater and the second heater are activated and deactivated at the same time to remove or inhibit formation of condensation.

US Pat. No. 10,655,903

FRONT OPENING FREEZER CHEST

1. A front opening freezer chest comprising:a chest housing having a bottom side separated from a top side, a left side separated from a right side, and a back side separated from a front side, the front side having a pair of apertures extending through to an inside of the chest housing, a median wall extending from the front side between the pair of apertures to the back side, the median wall dividing the inside into a left compartment and a right compartment, the top side having a surface depression, the surface depression having a notch;
a surface insert coupled to the chest housing, the surface insert being removably coupled within the surface depression of the top side of the chest housing, the surface insert being a cutting board;
a pair of doors coupled to the chest housing, the pair of doors comprising a left door having a first pair of hinges coupled to the left side of the chest housing adjacent the front side and a right door having a second pair of hinges coupled to the right side of the housing adjacent the front side, each of the pair of doors being swingably coupled to the chest housing and having a closed position and an alternate open position, the pair of doors covering the front side in the closed position and alternatively exposing the front side in the open position, each of the pair of doors having a handle recession;
a plurality of basket systems coupled to the chest housing, the plurality of basket systems being slidably coupled within each of the left compartment and the right compartment, each of the plurality of basket systems having a stored position fully within the inside of the chest housing and an alternate extended position extending past the front side, each of the plurality of basket systems comprising a pair of tracks and a basket, the pair of tracks being coupled to the left side and the median wall or the right side and the median wall, the basket comprising a front wall, a back wall, a bottom floor, and a pair of side walls having a top edge, the top edge of each of the pair of side walls being slidable within the pair of tracks, each of the front wall, the back wall, the bottom floor, and the pair of side walls being a wire frame, the front wall having a solid pull bar;
a plurality of supports coupled to the chest housing, the plurality of supports being coupled to the bottom side being configured to elevate the chest housing from the floor, the plurality of supports being a plurality of wheels comprising a pair of front wheels and a pair of rear wheels, wherein each of the pair of front wheels is lockable; and
a refrigeration system coupled to the chest housing, the refrigeration system being coupled within the inside of the chest housing and having a power cord extending through the back side.

US Pat. No. 10,655,902

ICE MAKING DEVICE

NIDEC SANKYO CORPORATION,...

1. An ice making device comprising:an ice making tray in which recessed parts for water storage are disposed upward;
a drive unit, which comprises a motor and is disposed on one side of the ice making tray in a first direction crossing a vertical direction and causes the ice making tray to perform an inversion operation and a twist operation around an axis that extends in the first direction;
a frame that comprises a side plate that extends in the first direction along a side surface on one side of the ice making tray in a second direction crossing the vertical direction and the first direction and supports the ice making tray and the drive unit; and
a wiring that extends from the drive unit,
wherein a plurality of attachment parts and a penetration part are provided in the side plate, the attachments parts for installing the frame to a refrigerator main body is provided the side plate on an other side of the drive unit in the first direction the penetration part penetrates through the side plate in the second direction on the other side in the first direction relative to an attachment part provided furthest on the one side in the first direction among the plurality of attachment parts, and
wherein the wiring comprises a first drawing part that extends from the drive unit along an inner wall of the side plate on which the ice making tray is disposed and a second drawing part that is drawn out to a side opposite to the ice making tray with respect to the side plate through the penetration part.

US Pat. No. 10,655,901

REFRIGERATOR WITH ICE MOLD CHILLED BY FLUID EXCHANGE FROM THERMOELECTRIC DEVICE WITH COOLING FROM FRESH FOOD COMPARTMENT OF FREEZER COMPARTMENT

WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION, B...

1. A refrigerator with an in-door icemaker comprising:a freezer compartment;
a fresh food compartment;
a door for providing selective access to the fresh food compartment;
an icemaker mounted on the door, the icemaker including an ice mold;
a thermoelectric device comprising a first side and a second side disposed in the fresh food compartment;
a first liquid refrigerant loop comprising a fluid supply pathway abutting and in thermal communication with the first side of the thermoelectric device and the ice mold;
a second liquid refrigerant loop comprising a fluid supply pathway abutting and in thermal communication with the second side of the thermoelectric device and the freezer compartment;
wherein the refrigerator further comprises an icemaking mode wherein the first side is a cold side and the second side is a warm side;
wherein when the refrigerator is in the icemaking mode, heat is transferred from the ice mold to the first side via a first liquid circulating through the first liquid refrigerant loop, and heat is transferred from the second side to the freezer compartment via a second liquid circulating through the second liquid refrigerant fluid loop.

US Pat. No. 10,655,900

AIR-CONDITIONING APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An air-conditioning apparatus comprising:a refrigerant circuit in which a compressor, a heat source side heat exchanger, an expansion valve, and a use side heat exchanger are connected by pipes that circulate refrigerant;
a first on-off valve provided at a pipe between the expansion valve and the use side heat exchanger;
a bypass branching from a pipe between the expansion valve and the first on-off valve and connected to a pipe on a suction side of the compressor;
a second expansion valve provided at the bypass;
a refrigerant storage unit configured to store the refrigerant passed through the bypass; and
a controller configured to operate the compressor and to perform a pump down operation in which the refrigerant is stored in the refrigerant storage unit,
wherein the refrigerant storage unit comprises an accumulator provided on the suction side of the compressor,
the bypass is connected to a pipe between an inflow side of the accumulator and the use side heat exchanger,
the controller performing the pump down operation controls the first on-off valve to be in a closed state so that the refrigerant flowing into the bypass from the heat source side heat exchanger is stored in the refrigerant storage unit, and
in the pump down operation,
the refrigerant flowing into the bypass is expanded by the second expansion valve, and then, flows into the accumulator, and
the refrigerant flowing into the accumulator is stored.

US Pat. No. 10,655,899

OIL SEPARATOR

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

17. An air conditioner comprising:an oil separator configured to separate oil from oil-containing refrigerant of the air conditioner, the oil separator comprising:
a container having an inner circumferential surface defining a cylindrical interior space;
an inlet pipe penetrating the container from an outside of the container to the interior space of the container through a hole in the container and comprising an inlet port, inclined with respect to a central axial axis of the inlet pipe, through which the oil-containing refrigerant is introduced into the interior space of the container, the inlet pipe including a diameter reducing portion in which an inner diameter of the inlet pipe is gradually reduced in a direction toward the inlet port; and
a refrigerant discharge pipe provided coaxially with a central axis of the container at a top end of the container, projecting from the top end of the container toward a bottom end of the container, and comprising a discharge port that is disposed below the inlet port and allows oil-removed refrigerant to be discharged,
wherein
the inlet port of the inlet pipe is inclined with respect to the central axial axis of the inlet pipe to face toward the refrigerant discharge pipe so that the oil-containing refrigerant flows from the inlet pipe to only one side of the refrigerant discharge pipe,
any line extending from an inner circumferential surface of the inlet port of the inlet pipe to the inner circumferential surface of the container and parallel to the central axial axis of the inlet pipe is provided entirely to one side of the refrigerant discharge pipe, and
an imaginary straight line extending perpendicular to the inlet port from a center of the inlet port of the diameter reducing portion of the inlet pipe meets the refrigerant discharge pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,655,898

REFRIGERANT PROCESSING DEVICE AND REFRIGERATION AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

1. A refrigerant processing device comprising:a main body having a cylindrical body part, and an upper and lower end wall parts closing each end of the cylindrical body part; and
a pipe and a narrow tube that feed a refrigerant into the main body and feed the refrigerant out of the main body,
wherein the pipe passes through the lower end wall part, and extends along an axial direction of the cylindrical body part,
wherein the narrow tube passes through the upper end wall part,
wherein a first spiral groove extending in a spiral shape with respect to the axial direction is formed on an inner circumferential surface of the cylindrical body part,
wherein a second spiral groove extending in a spiral shape with respect to the axial direction is formed on an outer circumferential surface of the pipe, and
wherein at least one linear groove extending in the axial direction and intersecting the second spiral groove is formed on the outer circumferential surface of the pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,655,897

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COMMON PRESSURE AND OIL EQUALIZATION IN MULTI-COMPRESSOR SYSTEMS

Lennox Industries Inc., ...

1. A compressor system comprising:a first compressor, a second compressor, and a third compressor;
a common equalization line fluidly coupling the first compressor, the second compressor, and the third compressor, the common equalization line providing a single path for passage of fluids between the first compressor, the second compressor, and the third compressor;
wherein the common equalization line is fluidly coupled to the first compressor, the second compressor, and the third compressor at a point between a minimum prescribed fluid level and a nominal fluid level to thereby form a vertical position of the common equalization line sufficient to allow passage of the fluids between the first compressor, the second compressor, and the third compressor;
a valve disposed in the common equalization line between the first compressor and the second compressor;
wherein, when the first compressor is deactivated, the second compressor is activated, and the third compressor is activated, the valve is in a closed configuration thereby preventing flow of fluid between active compressors of the first compressor and the second compressor and the third compressor and de-activated compressors of the first compressor and the second compressor and the third compressor;
wherein, when the first compressor is activated, the second compressor is deactivated, and the third compressor is deactivated, the valve is in a closed configuration thereby preventing flow of fluid between active compressors of the first compressor and the second compressor and the third compressor and de-activated compressors of the first compressor and the second compressor and the third compressor; and
wherein prevention of fluid flow between the first compressor and the second compressor causes at least the minimum prescribed fluid level to be maintained in the first compressor, the second compressor, and the third compressor.

US Pat. No. 10,655,896

TEMPERATURE STABILIZING ENCLOSURE

InvenSense, Inc., San Jo...

1. A device comprising:a substrate;
a micro-electro-mechanical system (MEMS) sensor device disposed on the substrate;
a controller disposed on the substrate;
a thermoelectric element configured to generate heat or cool in response to a signal generated by the controller; and
an enclosure that encloses the MEMS sensor device, the controller, and the thermoelectric element, wherein the enclosure includes:
a bottom enclosure wherein the substrate is disposed thereon;
a top enclosure wherein another substrate is disposed thereon forming another side of the enclosure opposite to the bottom enclosure; and
a mid-enclosure connecting the top enclosure to the bottom enclosure to enclose the MEMS sensor device, the controller, and the thermoelectric element within the enclosure, wherein the top enclosure, the bottom enclosure, and the mid-enclosure comprise insulating material, and wherein the enclosure is configured to form a sealed enclosure,
wherein the controller is configured to generate the signal responsive to temperature measurements within the enclosure, and wherein the signal causes the thermoelectric element to generate heat if a temperature measurement within the enclosure is below a predetermined temperature and wherein the signal causes the thermoelectric element to cool if the temperature measurement within the enclosure is above the predetermined temperature to maintain temperature within the enclosure at the predetermined temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,655,895

CLIMATIC TEST CHAMBER WITH STABLE CASCADING DIRECT EXPANSION REFRIGERATION SYSTEM

Weiss Technik North Ameri...

9. A refrigeration system that is adapted to cool air within a test chamber that is adapted to hold a unit under test, the refrigeration system comprising:a low stage compressor, a low stage condenser, a low stage expansion device and a low stage evaporator, said low stage evaporator adapted to be in heat exchange relationship with the test chamber;
said high stage comprising a refrigeration cycle comprising a high stage compressor, a high stage condenser, a cascade heat exchanger evaporator comprising a high stage evaporator that is in heat exchange relationship to said low stage condenser thereby defining said cascade heat exchanger and a first high stage expansion device supplying refrigerant from said high stage condenser to said cascade heat exchanger evaporator during cascade operation, said high stage further comprising at least one additional high stage evaporator adapted to be in heat exchange relationship with the test chamber, at least one additional high stage expansion device supplying refrigerant from said high stage condenser to said at least one additional evaporator during single stage operation;
a controller, said controller adapted to operate said refrigeration system in at least a single stage operation and a cascade operation and wherein said controller operates said at least one additional high stage expansion device during single stage operation and not during cascade operation and operates said low stage compressor during cascade operation and not during single stage operation; and
wherein said at least one additional high stage evaporator is connected with said cascade heat exchanger evaporation and wherein said controller operates said at least one additional high stage expansion device during single stage operation wherein refrigerant mass flowing through said at least one additional evaporator flows through said cascade heat exchanger evaporator during single stage operation and wherein said controller operates said first high stage expansion device supplying additional refrigerant mass flow from said high stage condenser to said cascade heat exchanger evaporator during single stage operation.

US Pat. No. 10,655,894

REFRIGERATION CYCLE OF REFRIGERATOR

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A refrigeration cycle of a refrigerator comprising a first refrigeration cycle in which a first refrigerant flows along a first refrigerant tube and a second refrigeration cycle in which a second refrigerant flows along a second refrigerant tube, the first refrigeration cycle being independent from the second refrigeration cycle, and the refrigeration cycle comprising:a first compressor configured to compress the first refrigerant into a high-temperature high-pressure gaseous refrigerant;
a second compressor configured to compress the second refrigerant into a high-temperature high-pressure gaseous refrigerant;
a combined condenser that is configured to condense each of the first refrigerant passing through the first compressor and the second refrigerant passing through the second compressor into a high-temperature high-pressure liquid refrigerant by dissipating heat;
a first expansion valve configured to cause a phase-change of the first refrigerant passing through the combined condenser into a low-temperature low-pressure two-phase refrigerant;
a second expansion valve configured to cause a phase-change of the second refrigerant passing through the combined condenser into a low-temperature low-pressure two-phase refrigerant;
a first evaporator configured to change the first refrigerant passing through the first expansion valve into a low-temperature low-pressure gaseous refrigerant by absorbing heat; and
a second evaporator configured to change the second refrigerant passing through the second expansion valve into a low-temperature low-pressure gaseous refrigerant by absorbing heat,
wherein the combined condenser comprises:
a first inflow side head in which the first refrigerant is introduced;
a first discharge side head from which the first refrigerant is discharged, the first discharge side head being laterally disposed vertically below the first inflow side head,
a second inflow side head in which the second refrigerant is introduced;
a second discharge side head from which the second refrigerant is discharged, the second discharge side head being disposed vertically below the second inflow side head;
a plurality of first condensation tubes that are portions of the first refrigerant tube and that constitute the first refrigeration cycle, each first condensation tube having a flat plate shape, defining a plurality of flow channels at an interior thereof, and connecting the first inflow side head and the first discharge side head;
a plurality of second condensation tubes that are portions of the second refrigerant tube and that constitute the second refrigeration cycle, each second condensation tube having a flat plate shape, defining a plurality of flow channels at an interior thereof, and connecting the second inflow side head and the second discharge side head; and
a plurality of heat-exchange fins that contact surfaces of the plurality of first and second condensation tubes,
wherein the plurality of first condensation tubes extend from the first inflow side head,
wherein the plurality of first condensation tubes are spaced apart from each other along the first inflow side head and connected to each other in parallel by the first inflow side head,
wherein the plurality of second condensation tubes extend from the second inflow side head,
wherein the plurality of second condensation tubes are spaced apart from each other along the second inflow side head and connected to each other in parallel by the second inflow side head,
wherein the plurality of first and the second condensation tubes share the plurality of heat-exchange fins,
wherein the plurality of first and second condensation tubes are parallely disposed on a same plane and vertically bent several times to form a meander line,
wherein the plurality of first and second condensation tubes are disposed alternately in a width direction of the plurality of first and second condensation tubes,
wherein at least one of the plurality of first condensation tubes is disposed in a space defined between two of the plurality of second condensation tubes,
wherein each of the plurality of heat-exchange fins is disposed within an inner space defined by the surfaces of the plurality of first and second condensation tubes that are vertically adjacent to each other,
wherein each of the plurality of heat-exchange fins extends in the width direction by a total width of the plurality of first and second condensation tubes, and is vertically bent or curved several times to form a plurality of upper and lower cusps that are alternately disposed in the inner space and contact the surfaces of the plurality of first and second condensation tubes that are vertically adjacent to each other, and
wherein each of the plurality of heat-exchange fins is configured to share all of the plurality of first and second condensation tubes that are disposed on the same plane.

US Pat. No. 10,655,893

COOLING SYSTEM CAPABLE OF DEFROSTING

MPI CORPORATION, Chu-Pei...

1. A cooling system capable of defrosting, which is adapted for cooling a working fluid, comprising:a cooling device having a compressor provided with a motor, a condenser, an expander, an evaporator, a cooling channel, at least one additional condenser, and a coolant flowing in the cooling channel to pass through the compressor, the condenser, the at least one additional condenser, the expander and the evaporator and flow back through the at least one additional condenser to the compressor in succession;
an inverter electrically connected with the motor of the compressor for controlling a rotary speed of the motor;
a power factor corrector electrically connected with the inverter for outputting a direct current power to the inverter to drive the motor to rotate;
a controller electrically connected with the inverter to control the rotary speed of the motor according to a mass flow of the working fluid;
a defrosting unit having a defrosting channel, in which the coolant that flows from the compressor flows through the evaporator and the at least one additional condenser to the compressor, and a switch disposed on the cooling channel and located between the compressor and the condenser in fluid communication with the defrosting channel to conduct the coolant to flow in one of the cooling channel and the defrosting channel; and
a pipe disposed by the at least one additional condenser and the evaporator in a way that the working fluid flows in the pipe and passes by the at least one additional condenser to be pre-cooled by thermally exchanging with the coolant that flows in the cooling channel from the evaporator back through the at least one additional condenser and passes by the evaporator to thermally exchange with the coolant that flows in the cooling channel in the evaporator so as to be cooled down and to be directed to a device under test,
wherein in a defrost mode, the coolant flowing in the defrosting channel continuously flows from the compressor through the evaporator and the at least one additional condenser and back to the compressor such that a part of the pipe corresponding between the evaporator and the at least one additional condenser is defrosted.

US Pat. No. 10,655,892

HEAT TRANSFER PIPE EMBEDDED IN A PREFABRICATED PIPE PILE AND EMBEDDING METHOD

HOHAI UNIVERSITY, Nanjin...

1. A heat transfer pipe embedded in a prefabricated pipe pile, comprising a plurality of prefabricated pipe piles arranged side by side, a heat transfer pipe component and a pump assembly; wherein a bottom portion of the prefabricated pipe pile is sealed by closing the bottom thereof; inclined holes are provided at both sides of a top portion of the prefabricated pipe pile; a locking pin is provided at an inner wall of the pipe pile; a steel plate is provided on the locking pin, and a steel bar structure is bound on the steel plate; the heat transfer pipe component includes a horizontal heat transfer pipe and a vertical heat transfer pipe, one end of the horizontal heat transfer pipe is communicated with the vertical heat transfer pipe, the other end of horizontal heat transfer pipe is connected to the pump assembly, and the other end of the vertical heat transfer pipe is also connected to the pump assembly; the horizontal heat transfer pipe is embedded and fixed via the steel bar structure, an embedded portion of the vertical heat transfer pipe passes through the inclined holes and is fixed in the prefabricated pipe pile via a steel bar bracket; and wherein a connection mode of the heat transfer pipe component in each prefabricated pipe pile is a series connection or a parallel connection.

US Pat. No. 10,655,891

GAS VALVE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A WATER HEATER

Emerson Electric Co., St...

1. A gas valve control circuit of a water heater comprising:a gas valve assembly configured to control a flow of a fuel gas to a water heater; and
a manually-operated switch assembly operable independently from any other component, the switch assembly comprising a switch in each leg of a plurality of legs of a power supply to the gas valve assembly, the switch assembly configured to supply power and a return to the gas valve assembly in a first position and to open the plurality of legs of the power supply to the gas valve assembly in a second position, the switch assembly configured to indicate a current position of the switch assembly indicating either the first position or the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,655,890

TANKLESS ELECTRIC WATER HEATER

EEMAX, INC., Waterbury, ...

15. A system comprising:a liquid storage device, the liquid storage device comprising a liquid storage device power supply and a liquid storage device heating element;
an inlet pipe connected to an outlet of the liquid storage device;
a fluid heating device having
a fluid heating device power supply;
an inlet connected to the inlet pipe;
an outlet;
a heating chamber disposed between the inlet and the outlet;
a fluid heating device heating element disposed inside the heating chamber;
a valve;
a flow sensor configured to detect a flow rate of fluid downstream of the inlet; and
a first temperature sensor configured to detect a first temperature of the fluid downstream of the inlet;
a switch connected to the fluid heating device power supply and the liquid storage device power supply; and
a controller configured to
receive a set point temperature;
maintain the fluid at the set point temperature by adjusting an amount at which the valve is opened as a function of the first temperature, the flow rate, and an available power of the fluid heating device power supply; and
control the switch to switch between providing a supply of power to the liquid storage device heating element via the liquid storage device power supply or providing a supply of power to the fluid heating device heating element via the fluid heating device power supply.

US Pat. No. 10,655,889

APPLIANCE MOUNT FOR EXPANDABLE SHELTER

Berg Companies, Inc., Sp...

1. A shelter comprising:an air handling unit;
an enclosure including a wall defining a barrier between an interior of the enclosure and an exterior of the enclosure, the wall having an opening; and
an assembly including:
a mount disposed through the opening of the wall, the mount having:
an interior frame coupled to an interior surface of the wall;
an exterior frame coupled to an exterior surface of the wall, wherein the wall is interposed between the interior frame and the exterior frame;
an opening extending between the interior frame and the exterior frame; and
at least two channels coupled to at least one of the interior frame or the exterior frame;
an insert configured to transition between a stowed position and a deployed position, the insert having:
a cover including a front, a top, a bottom, sidewalls extending between the top and the bottom, and an opening to permit access to the air handling unit;
at least two slides sized to fit within the at least two channels, the at least two slides being disposed interior to the sidewalls; and
a base plate extending between the at least two slides, wherein the base plate is sized to receive a footprint of the air handling unit,
wherein in the stowed position, the cover is disposed away from the interior frame, and wherein in the deployed position, the sidewalls are substantially parallel to and contact the interior frame.

US Pat. No. 10,655,888

MODULAR RACK FOR CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM

Heatcraft Refrigeration P...

1. A system comprising:a first, second, third, and fourth metal beams, each of the first, second, third, and fourth metal beams extending in a linearly vertical direction, the first and second metal beams defining a first planar boundary, the second and third metal beams defining a second planar boundary, the third and fourth metal beams defining a third planar boundary, the fourth and first metal beams defining a fourth planar boundary;
a fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth metal beams, each of the fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth metal beams extending in a linearly vertical direction, the fifth and sixth metal beams defining a fifth planar boundary, the first and fifth metal beams defining a sixth planar boundary, the sixth and second metal beams defining a seventh planar boundary, the sixth and seventh metal beams defining an eighth planar boundary, the seventh and eighth metal beams defining a ninth planar boundary, the eighth and fifth metal beams defining a tenth planar boundary, wherein:
the first, second, third, and fourth planar boundaries define a first space;
the first, fifth, sixth, and seventh planar boundaries define a second space, the first space distinct from the second space; and
the fifth, eighth, ninth, and tenth planar boundaries define a third space;
a high side heat exchanger configured to remove heat from a refrigerant, the high side heat exchanger contained entirely within the third space;
a flash tank configured to store the refrigerant from the high side heat exchanger, the flash tank contained entirely within the first space;
a load configured to use the refrigerant from the flash tank to remove heat from a space proximate the load; and
a compressor configured to compress the refrigerant from the load and to send the refrigerant to the high side heat exchanger, the compressor contained entirely within the second space, the compressor is accessible and removeable through the sixth planar boundary.

US Pat. No. 10,655,887

VENTILATING DEVICE

Panasonic Ecology Systems...

1. A ventilating device, comprising:a frame formed with an external profile;
an air inlet provided in the frame;
an air outlet provided in the frame;
an air blower for guiding air from the air inlet to the air outlet;
a control circuit board connected to the air blower and configured to control operation of the air blower; and
a circuit board box for housing the control circuit board;
wherein the circuit board box comprises an integrally formed sensor storage unit for storing a sensor connected to the control circuit board and capable of sensing humidity or temperature; and
the ventilating device further comprises:
a terminal connection to the air blower and provided on the control circuit board, the control circuit board and a lead of the air blower being connected to each other through the terminal; and
an operation opening provided in the circuit board box and opposite of the terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,655,886

AIR CONDITIONER AND ITS OPERATING METHOD

Shinwa Controls Co., Ltd....

1. An air conditioner comprising:a cooling unit in which a compressor which is operated at a variable operating frequency so that a revolving speed thereof is adjustable, a condenser, an expansion valve, and a cooling coil are connected in this order by pipes in order to circulate a heating medium;
a heating unit which causes a part of the heating medium flowing out from the compressor toward the condenser to diverge through a heating coil and a thermal dose adjusting valve, wherein the thermal dose adjusting valve is disposed on the downstream side of the heating coil, wherein the part of the heating medium returns from the heating coil to flow into the condenser on a downstream side of the compressor;
an air passage path which accommodates the cooling coil and the heating coil, and wherein the air passage is provided with an inlet for taking in an air whose temperature is to be controlled, and an outlet for ejecting the air whose temperature is to be controlled;
a blower which causes air to flow from the inlet to the outlet;
a first temperature sensor disposed on the outlet; and
a controller which controls the operating frequency of the compressor and an opening of the thermal dose adjusting valve;
wherein the controller includes:
a thermal dose control part which sets a target source temperature of the air whose temperature is to be controlled passing through the outlet; calculates, by means of a PID calculation based on a difference between a temperature detected by the first temperature sensor and the target source temperature, an opening manipulated variable of the thermal dose adjusting valve for conforming the temperature detected by the first temperature sensor to the target source temperature; and controls the opening of the thermal dose adjusting valve in accordance with the opening manipulated variable; and
a compressor control part which adjusts the revolving speed of the compressor; by decreasing the operating frequency of the compressor by a predetermined frequency when the opening manipulated variable of the thermal dose adjusting valve, which is calculated by the thermal dose control part, exceeds a first threshold value over a predetermined period of time which is set between 10 seconds and 30 seconds; and by increasing the operating frequency of the compressor by the predetermined frequency when the opening manipulated variable of the thermal dose adjusting valve, which is calculated by the thermal dose control part, falls below a second threshold value, which is smaller than the first threshold value, over the predetermined period of time.

US Pat. No. 10,655,885

INDOOR UNIT OF AIR-CONDITIONING DEVICE

DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, LTD., ...

1. An indoor unit of an air-conditioning device which supplies air to an indoor space, the indoor unit comprising:an indoor casing provided with at least one outlet opening and at least one inlet opening;
an airflow direction adjusting flap which is provided at the outlet opening and changes a direction of air coming from the outlet opening in a vertical direction;
a load detector which detects a load of the indoor space based on a suction temperature detected by a suction temperature sensor, the suction temperature sensor being positioned inside the indoor casing such that it detects the temperature of air sucked into the indoor casing from the at least one inlet opening;
an indoor fan positioned in the indoor unit; and
a controller configured to
control the airflow direction adjusting flap based on the detected load such that, when the load of the indoor space is higher than a predetermined value in a heating operation, the airflow direction adjusting flap is moved such that the direction of the air coming from the outlet opening is in a horizontal direction or directed upward from the horizontal direction, wherein
the airflow direction adjusting flap also functions as an airflow inhibition mechanism which is provided at the outlet opening and is configured to inhibit flow of air, the airflow direction adjusting flap being configured to be movable to an inhibition position where the flow of air is inhibited,
when the load of the indoor space is higher than the predetermined value in the heating operation, the controller controls the airflow direction adjusting flap, which also functions as the airflow inhibition mechanism, such that a total opening area of the at least one outlet opening is smaller than when the load of the indoor space is lower than the predetermined value in the heating operation, and sets a speed of the air coming from the outlet opening at a higher speed than when the load of the indoor space is lower than the predetermined value in the heating operation,
when the airflow direction adjusting flap takes the inhibition position, a gap is formed between an edge of the airflow direction adjusting flap and an edge of the outlet openings, and
the controller is further configured to control the indoor fan such that the rotational speed of the indoor fan is constant.

US Pat. No. 10,655,884

AIR CONDITIONER

Daikin Industries, Ltd., ...

1. An air conditioner configured to be part of an air-conditioning ventilation system that includes the air conditioner, a plurality of ventilators configured to perform ventilation of a space to be air-conditioned, and a plurality of refrigerant leak detectors configured to detect whether refrigerant has leaked from the air conditioner, the air conditioner comprising:a plurality of indoor units forming parts of a refrigerant circuit through which a refrigerant circulates and being configured to perform air conditioning of the space to be air-conditioned; and
an air conditioning controller configured to control operations of the plurality of indoor units by allocating the plurality of indoor units individually to a plurality of predetermined areas of the space to be air-conditioned,
the air conditioning controller being configured to perform an area registration process of
allocating at least one of the indoor units individually to each area identification frame among a plurality of area identification frames corresponding to the predetermined areas,
allocating at least one of the ventilators individually to each of the area identification frames, respectively, where the indoor units are allocated, and
allocating at least one of the refrigerant leak detectors individually to each of the area identification frames, respectively, where the indoor units are allocated,
the air conditioning controller being configured not to allow the operations of the plurality of the indoor units when there is an area identification frame to which none of the ventilators is allocated, in the plurality of area identification frames where the indoor units are allocated, and
the air conditioning controller being configured such that when one of the refrigerant leak detectors detects that refrigerant has leaked from the air conditioner, the air conditioning controller forces operation of the ventilator allocated to the same area identification frame as the one of the refrigerant leak detectors such that the leaked refrigerant is discharged from the predetermined area corresponding to the same area identification frame.

US Pat. No. 10,655,883

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REGULATING AN ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLE WITHIN A TARGET ZONE HAVING MULTIPLE INHABITANTS

Elwha LLC, Bellevue, WA ...

1. A system for regulating an environmental variable, the system comprising:at least one sensor configured to monitor a target zone, the at least one sensor measuring at least one skin parameter from multiple inhabitants occupying the target zone and generating a sensor signal communicating the measured at least one skin parameter;
a storage medium having stored therein a threshold setpoint relating to the measured at least one skin parameter;
a processor in operative communication with the at least one sensor and the storage medium, the processor receiving the sensor signal from the at least one sensor and determining a variance between each measured skin parameter and the threshold setpoint, the processor generating an operation mode signal based on a function of the determined variances; and
an environmental control system in operative communication with the processor, the environmental control system receiving the operation mode signal and regulating an environmental variable within the target zone based on the operation mode signal.

US Pat. No. 10,655,882

REMOTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Daikin Industries, Ltd., ...

1. A remote management system comprising:an air conditioner;
an information mediation device that is built in or connected to the air conditioner;
an information management apparatus that acquires air conditioner information including items relating to the air conditioner via the information mediation device and a network; and
a plurality of participant terminals including one or more of
a manager terminal used by a manager,
a manufacturer terminal used by a manufacturer,
a seller terminal used by a seller,
a maintenance worker terminal used by a maintenance worker, and
a user terminal used by a user,
the information mediation device being constituted so as to continuously transmit the air conditioner information to the information management apparatus at a certain transmission frequency, the participant terminal being configured to autonomously change the transmission frequency according to a time required to transmit the air conditioner information, and
the information mediation device being further able to change, according to a participant request input by each of the plurality of participant terminals,
the types of items included in the air conditioner information to be transmitted, each type of item including an operating condition of the air conditioner, or
a transmission frequency relating to the transmission, or
both the types of items included in the air conditioner information to be transmitted and transmission frequency relating to the transmission.

US Pat. No. 10,655,881

THERMOSTAT WITH HALO LIGHT SYSTEM AND EMERGENCY DIRECTIONS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A thermostat for a building, the thermostat comprising:a halo light emitting diode (LED) system comprising one or more LEDs configured to emit light and a halo diffuser structured around at least a portion of an outer edge of the thermostat, wherein the halo diffuser is configured to diffuse the emitted light of the one or more LEDs around at least the portion of the outer edge of the thermostat; and
a processing circuit configured to receive one or more data streams, determine whether the one or more data streams indicate a building emergency condition, and operate the one or more LEDs of the halo LED system to indicate the building emergency condition to a user.

US Pat. No. 10,655,880

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR RETROFITTING HVAC SYSTEMS

Great Lakes Electric, LLC...

1. A retrofit package for a heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) system having a thermostat without an air circulation mode and a furnace main control board, the retrofit package comprising:a speed setting controller adapted to be connected with the furnace main control board and a motor controller, the speed setting controller comprising:
a microcontroller unit;
a memory storing a plurality of operational modes and a corresponding motor speed profile for each operational mode, wherein at least one of the plurality of operational modes includes an air circulation mode and corresponding air circulation motor speed profile;
a plurality of input connectors for receiving thermostat output signals from the furnace main control board; and
a first communication port for providing speed commands to the motor controller;
wherein the speed setting controller is configured to:
monitor the plurality of input connectors for thermostat output signals;
automatically switch to the air circulation mode when no thermostat output signal is detected at the plurality of input connectors, wherein air circulation mode includes generation of a speed command that corresponds to the air circulation motor speed profile stored in the memory; and
provide the speed command to the motor controller.

US Pat. No. 10,655,879

AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM, AIR-CONDITIONING CONTROL METHOD, AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER READABLE MEDIUM STORING PROGRAM

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An air-conditioning system comprising:plural air-conditioning apparatuses configured to air-condition the same space; and
a controller configured to
communicate with the plural air-conditioning apparatuses via a communication line;
collect air-conditioning data including information indicating an air-conditioning efficiency from each of the plural air-conditioning apparatuses via the communication line;
determine one of the plural air-conditioning apparatuses which has a lowest air-conditioning efficiency, as a low-efficiency air-conditioning apparatus, based on the collected air-conditioning data;
reduce a load on the low-efficiency air-conditioning apparatus; and
cause one or ones of the plural air-conditioning apparatuses, which are other than the low-efficiency air-conditioning apparatus, to bear an amount of load by which the load on the low-efficiency air-conditioning apparatus is reduced,
wherein the controller is further configured to
cause at least one of the plural air-conditioning apparatuses, which is other than the low-efficiency air-conditioning apparatus, to bear the amount of load by transmitting an instruction signal to the at least one of the plural air-conditioning apparatuses to change a target temperature set value by a pre-determined value, and
reduce the load of the low-efficiency air-conditioning apparatus by transmitting an instruction signal to the low-efficiency air-conditioning apparatus to reduce the load by changing a target temperature set value in accordance with the pre-determined value.

US Pat. No. 10,655,878

VARIABLE REFRIGERANT FLOW SYSTEM WITH SUB-COOLING TEMPERATURE OPTIMIZATION USING EXTREMUM-SEEKING CONTROL

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A variable refrigerant flow (VRF) system for a building, the VRF system comprising:at least one outdoor VRF unit configured to heat or cool a refrigerant for use in heating or cooling the building, the at least one outdoor VRF unit comprising a sub-cooler and a bypass expansion valve configured to control a flow of the refrigerant through the sub-cooler; and
an extremum-seeking controller configured to generate a sub-cooling temperature setpoint for the at least one outdoor VRF unit by:
determining a total power consumption of the at least one outdoor VRF unit;
generating the sub-cooling temperature setpoint for the at least one outdoor VRF unit using an extremum-seeking control technique that drives the total power consumption toward an extremum; and
using the sub-cooling temperature setpoint to operate the at least one outdoor VRF unit, wherein generating the sub-cooling temperature setpoint for the at least one outdoor VRF unit using an extremum-seeking control technique comprises:
perturbing a current value of the sub-cooling temperature setpoint with an excitation signal;
monitoring the total power consumption resulting from the perturbed current value of the sub-cooling temperature setpoint;
estimating a gradient of the total power consumption with respect to the perturbed current value of the sub-cooling temperature setpoint; and
determining a new value of the sub-cooling temperature setpoint to drive the estimated gradient toward zero.

US Pat. No. 10,655,877

EVAPORATOR COIL PROTECTION FOR HVAC SYSTEMS

Lennox Industries Inc., ...

1. A system, comprising:a controller and a plurality of heating ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) components, the HVAC components comprising:
an evaporator unit, the evaporator unit comprising an evaporator coil and an indoor fan, the indoor fan configured to cause movement of air over the evaporator coil and through a discharge air duct positioned downstream of the evaporator coil when the indoor fan is operating; and
a condenser unit, the condenser unit comprising a compressor, a condenser coil, and an outdoor fan, the compressor configured to drive refrigerant through the HVAC components, the outdoor fan configured to cause movement of air over the condenser coil when the outdoor fan is operating;
the controller configured to:
receive first sensor data from one or more sensors, each sensor configured to sense a property associated with the HVAC components;
determine, based on the first sensor data, that the evaporator coil is experiencing a first level of freeze risk;
in response to determining that the evaporator coil is experiencing the first level of freeze risk, send the HVAC components an instruction to perform a first action, wherein the first action comprises increasing the speed of the indoor fan to a maximum speed;
receive second sensor data from the one or more sensors;
determine, based on the second sensor data, that the evaporator coil is experiencing a second level of freeze risk, the second level indicating a greater risk of freezing than the first level; and
in response to determining that the evaporator coil is experiencing a second level of freeze risk, send the HVAC components an instruction to perform a second action, wherein the second action comprises decreasing the speed of the indoor fan.

US Pat. No. 10,655,876

DYNAMICALLY PROGRAMMABLE THERMOSTAT

Alarm.com Incorporated, ...

1. A programmable controller associated with a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system, the programmable controller comprising:at least one processor; and
at least one computer-readable storage medium coupled to the at least one processor having stored thereon instructions which, when executed by the at least one processor, cause the at least one processor to perform operations comprising:
receiving data specifying, from among multiple different types of HVAC system components, a particular type of HVAC system component that is to be controlled by the programmable controller;
accessing configuration information for the particular type of HVAC system component in response to receiving the data specifying the particular type of HVAC system component;
accessing data that specifies a control process for the particular type of HVAC system component at a storage component of the programmable controller based at least on the programmable controller lacking network access;
determining a configuration for the programmable controller based at least on the configuration information for the particular type of HVAC system component;
configuring the programmable controller according to the determined configuration;
after configuring the thermostat controller according to the determined configuration, detecting a connection between the particular type of HVAC system component and the programmable thermostat that satisfies the determined configuration; and
after detecting the connection between the particular type of HVAC system component and the programmable thermostat that satisfies the determined configuration, controlling the particular type of HVAC system component according to the control process for the particular type of HVAC system component.

US Pat. No. 10,655,875

LOW FLOW FLUID DEVICE AND PRE-PIPED HYDRONICS

Best Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A variable fluid volume device, comprising:a housing that is determined to have defined housing dimensions; and
a low fluid flow (LFF) device that measures and controls a flow of a fluid through the housing, wherein the LFF device comprises:
a damper device that, when closed, prevents the fluid from flowing through the housing and, when open, provides an aperture through which the fluid in the housing flows, wherein the aperture has configurable aperture dimensions that are configured based on a state of the damper device, and wherein the damper device, in a first state, operates as an orifice plate that facilitates measuring the flow based on a flow profile that is determined as a function of the housing dimensions and the configurable aperture dimensions; and
a controller configured to:
determine the defined housing dimensions;
perform a measuring procedure comprising setting the damper device to the first state and measuring the flow based on a pressure measurement and the flow profile that is determined as the function of the housing dimensions and the configurable aperture dimensions; and
perform a controlling procedure comprising setting the damper device to a second state, different from the first state, that is determined to cause the flow to satisfy a set point.

US Pat. No. 10,655,874

ENTHALPY MEASUREMENT AND SYSTEM CONTROL

Alarm.com Incorporated, ...

1. A method performed by one or more computing devices, the method comprising:obtaining, from one or more sensors associated with a heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) system, (i) a source vent temperature measurement of the HVAC system, (ii) a return vent temperature of the HVAC system, and (iii) a temperature measurement at a component of an HVAC unit in the HVAC system;
identifying, based at least on (i) the obtained source vent temperature measurement of the HVAC system, (ii) the obtained return vent temperature of the HVAC system, and (iii) the obtained temperature measurement at the component of the HVAC unit in the HVAC system, at least one opportunity for efficient use of the HVAC unit;
determining a scheme for HVAC unit operation based on the identified at least one opportunity for efficient use of the HVAC unit; and
controlling HVAC unit operation based on the determined scheme,
wherein controlling HVAC unit operation comprises:
measuring air temperature at a heat exchanger of the HVAC unit to determine whether there is usable energy in the heat exchanger based on a determination that the source vent temperature measurement of the HVAC system exceeds a temperature threshold; and
continuing to operate an HVAC fan of the HVAC unit after a furnace of the HVAC unit has turned off to circulate heated air for a particular amount of time to reduce energy required to deliver a maximum amount of heat from the HVAC unit.