US Pat. No. 10,556,654

MASKS FOR UNDERWATER USES

Ocean Reef Inc., San Mar...

1. A diving mask comprising a transparent visor (2), a frame or strapping (3), a sealing skirt (4) adapted for ensuring a water-tight seal, and suitable straps (5) configured to fit the mask on a user's face,the mask being associated with a breathing tube (6) that engages on an upper part of the mask and that allows the air flow to enter into a compartment formed between the frame or strapping and the visor,
the path of air being breathed in and that being breathed out both in the mask and in the breathing tube being different from each other, the breathing tube being made with an inhalation duct for the air breathed in which is separate from an exhalation duct for the air breathed out, the inside of the mask being made with two compartments, one main compartment (26) and one oronasal compartment (7), separated by a separating wall (41),
the path inside the mask provides for the air breathed in to be introduced from the tube into the main compartment and then into the oronasal compartment and the air breathed out from the oronasal compartment travels on a perimetric path of the mask up to the breathing tube,
the perimetric path comprises a pair of perimetric channels (21,22) that extend from the top of the visor (2) past the position in which the separating wall (41) between the two compartments joins up with the visor, said perimetric channels being formed in the visor on its periphery and being closed by a flat annular edge (45) of the sealing skirt (4) when the visor is associated with the sealing skirt forming perimetric ducts for the air breathed out, said perimetric channels extending from the top of the visor where there are coupling means of the mask with the tube made in the form of a housing (23) for the engagement of said tube, both perimetric channels (21, 22) and the coupling means for the tube being formed in the visor.

US Pat. No. 10,556,653

SELF-RIGHTING RC BOAT

HORIZON HOBBY, LLC, Cham...

1. A self-righting apparatus for a RC boat comprising:a motor coupled to a motor output shaft,
a weighted coupler coupled to the motor output shaft;
a driveshaft coupled to the weighted coupler; and
a propeller coupled to the drive shaft,
wherein, when the RC boat has been capsized, the weighted coupler is configured to prevent the rotation of the driveshaft for a period of time such that the RC boat rights itself.

US Pat. No. 10,556,652

VESSELS COMPRISING A COMPOSITE ENVELOPE

Metalskin Technologies SA...

1. A vessel hull comprising in an external envelope intended to be in contact with an outer liquid element, a metal powder wherein:said powder
contains more than 30% by mass of grains for which the diameter is greater than 45 ?m and
is partly in contact with said outer liquid element;
wherein the envelope has a thickness of less than 1 mm,
and wherein the powder comprises a copper powder with at least 60% by mass of copper based on the mass of powder.

US Pat. No. 10,556,651

SYSTEM FOR ANTI-BIOFOULING

Kininklijke Philips N.V.,...

1. An anti-fouling lighting system configured for preventing or reducing biofouling on a fouling surface of an object, the anti-fouling lighting system comprising:a lighting module comprising:
a light source,
wherein the light source is configured to generate an anti-fouling light,
wherein the anti-fouling light comprises one of: a UV-A and a UV-C light;
a medium,
wherein the medium comprises material which optically transparent to the anti-fouling light,
wherein the medium is configured to receive at least part of the anti-fouling light; and
a control system,
wherein the control system is arranged to determine a biofouling risk based on a feedback signal,
wherein the feedback signal is based on conditions surrounding the fouling surface,
wherein the control system is arranged to apply the anti-fouling light to the fouling surface in a series of pulses, and
wherein the control system is arranged to control an intensity of the anti-fouling light applied to the fouling surface by controlling an on-time duration of pulses in the series of pulses based on the determined biofouling risk.

US Pat. No. 10,556,650

MULTI-LINK SUSPENSION FOR MULTI-HULLED VESSELS

Nauti-Craft Pty Ltd, Dun...

1. A suspension system for a water craft, the water craft including a chassis and at least a first hull and a second hull, the suspension system including a first hull locating arrangement for at least partially constraining the first hull in a lateral, a yaw, a roll and a longitudinal direction relative to the chassis,the first hull locating arrangement comprising a first, a second, a third and a fourth link arranged to directly or indirectly connect between the hull and the chassis,
the first, second and third links each extending in at least a lateral direction relative to the chassis and contributing to a lateral constraint on the first hull relative to the chassis, the second link being longitudinally spaced from the first link relative to the chassis to contribute to a hull yaw constraint on the first hull relative to the chassis, the third link being vertically spaced from the first and/or second link to contribute to a hull roll constraint on the first hull relative to the chassis, the fourth link extending in at least a longitudinal direction relative to the chassis to contribute to a longitudinal constraint on the first hull relative to the chassis.

US Pat. No. 10,556,649

WAKE ENHANCEMENT APPARATUS AND METHOD

Steven Clothier, South L...

1. A wake enhancement apparatus, comprising:a receiver assembly that is watercraft-attachable;
an attachment assembly that is removably attachable by a fastener to the receiver assembly, the attachment assembly including an elongated structural member;
a connecting assembly having a first end portion attached to the attachment assembly, the connecting assembly including a strut member that extends downward from the attachment assembly; and
a lower assembly attached to a second end portion of the connecting assembly, the lower assembly including a plurality of foil plate members;
wherein each of the plurality of foil plate members has a first portion extending from the connecting assembly and a second portion extending from the first portion;
wherein the first portion is bent downward and the second portion is bent upward;
wherein the attachment assembly includes a handle; and
wherein the handle protrudes from the receiver assembly when the attachment assembly is removably attached to the receiver assembly by the fastener.

US Pat. No. 10,556,648

WATER PROPULSION WATER RESCUE BOARD

Jetson Surf Technology, L...

12. An electric powered water recreation board comprising:a body with an upper surface and a bottom surface;
a water propulsion system integrated into the body including a water inlet on the bottom surface of the body, a water propulsion nozzle and a water jet channel on the upper tail surface, and a propeller between the water inlet and the water propulsion nozzle;
an electric motor connected to rotate the propeller for drawing water into the propulsion system through the water inlet and expelling a pressurized column of water through the water propulsion nozzle from the upper surface of the body;
a removable rechargeable battery connected with the electric motor; and
a controller powered by the rechargeable battery within the body with a user control pad on the upper surface of the body for motor management to allow the user to control the operation of the water propulsion system, where the user control pad includes at least two different selectable thrust levels.

US Pat. No. 10,556,647

FOAMLESS SURFBOARD

1. A board comprising:a plurality of polygons positioned adjacent to one another, wherein each of the plurality of polygons comprises:
a plurality of foamless elongate members, wherein each of the plurality of foamless elongate members are cooperatively positioned to form a perimeter of the polygon,
a void defined by an inner side of each of the plurality of foamless elongate members, and
a channel located through an entirety of a thickness of at least one of the plurality of foamless elongate members from an inner side to an opposing outer side, which channel places the void of the polygon adjacent the inner side of the foamless elongate member in fluid communication with the void of the polygon adjacent the outer side of the foamless elongate member;
a non-permeable first fiber reinforced material layer secured to a top surface of the perimeter of each of the plurality of polygons; and
a non-permeable second fiber reinforced material layer secured to a bottom surface opposing the top surface of the perimeter of the plurality of polygons.

US Pat. No. 10,556,646

MODULAR-TYPE VERY LARGE FLOATING STRUCTURES

Sea6 Energy Pvt. Ltd., B...

1. A floating structure comprising a closed loop tensegrity structure (1700, 1800, 1900, 2100, 2200, 2300) including:a plurality of beam adapters (700, 900, 1100, 1200, 1500), wherein each beam adapter of the plurality of beam adapters (700, 900, 1100, 1200, 1500) is an m-strut twisted prism unit (700), m is an integer greater than 4, wherein the m-strut twisted prism unit comprises:
m-sided planar polygonal top surface (710, 1102);
m-sided planar polygonal bottom surface (712, 1104), opposite to the m-sided planar polygonal top surface (710, 1102); and
at least m number of side faces (714, 1106) formed as planar polygons; and
a plurality of beams (200, 300, 400, 500, 600), wherein each beam of the plurality of beams (200, 300, 400, 500, 600) is formed by coupling multiple n-strut twisted prism units (100), n is an integer greater than 2, wherein each of the multiple n-strut twisted prism units includes n-sided planar polygonal surfaces (106, 108) on opposite sides through which the respective n-strut twisted prism unit is coupled to another n-strut twisted prism unit or a beam adapter of the plurality of beam adapters (700, 900, 1100, 1200, 1500);
wherein the m-strut twisted prism unit (700, 900, 1100, 1200, 1500) has m number of struts (702) arranged to form the m-strut twisted prism unit (700, 900, 1100, 1200, 1500), ends of the struts (702) form vertices of the m-sided polygonal top surface (710, 1102), vertices of the m-sided polygonal bottom surface (712, 1104), and vertices of the at least m number of side faces (714, 1108), and wherein pre-tensioned ropes (704) attached to ends of adjacent struts (702) form edges of the m-sided polygonal top surface (710, 1102) and the m-sided polygonal bottom surface (712, 1104), and
wherein an n-sided planar polygonal surface (202, 302, 402, 502) of a beam of the plurality of beams (200, 300, 400, 500, 600) is coupled to a side face of a beam adaptor of the plurality of beam adaptors (700, 900, 1100, 1200, 1500).

US Pat. No. 10,556,645

BOAT CHAIR CONFIGURED FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN MULTIPLE USE AND STORAGE POSITIONS, A COMBINATION BOAT CHAIR AND BOAT, AND/OR A METHOD OF USE THEREOF

2. A boat chair that is detachably installable on a boat, comprising:a chair body which is moveable between a first compact configuration and a second open configuration;
the chair body comprising a back support structure and a seat support structure which are pivotally connected together about at least one of a hinge or a locking mechanism;
the locking mechanism configured to secure an angular position of the back support structure relative to the seat support structure such that the chair body can be secured in either of the first compact configuration and the second open configuration, the locking mechanism further comprising
a first indexing disc attached to the back support structure, the first indexing disc including a first plurality of notches along a circumference thereof;
an actuating rod positioned on and/or through at least a portion of the seat support structure;
a first catch arm is positioned on the actuating rod and is configured to detachably engage one of the first plurality of notches in the first indexing disc to secure the angular position of the back support structure relative to the seat support structure; and
a lever configured to rotate with the first catch arm such that rotation of the lever one of engages and disengages the first catch arm from the first indexing disc
a post that is detachably engageable with the seat support structure such that the chair body can be detachably installed on the boat; and
wherein no part of the chair body is formed by a bulkhead structure of the boat nor boat decking.

US Pat. No. 10,556,644

COUPLING DEVICE FOR RECOVERING UNMANNED SHIP AND COUPLING CONTROL METHOD USING SAME

1. A coupling device for recovering an unmanned ship, the coupling device comprising:a coupling unit lifted and lowered by being connected to a crane provided in a mother ship, one side thereof selectively protruding expansively along a circumference thereof;
an accommodation unit provided in the unmanned ship, and having a vertically communicating coupling hole such that at least a portion of the coupling unit is inserted therein; and
a guide unit performing guiding such that the coupling unit is coupled to the accommodation unit, and including a towing line coupled to the coupling unit in a state in which one end thereof passes through the coupling hole, and a winch connected to another end of the towing line so as to selectively wind or unwind the towing line,
wherein when an intensity of a tension applied to the towing line by a driving of the winch is a preset value or higher, the coupling unit is configured to be lowered in correspondence to a length of the towing line wound by the winch and to be coupled to the accommodation unit, and
wherein the coupling unit comprises:
a body including an upper portion which is connected to the crane;
a wing unit configured to be rotatable in a vertical direction at a portion along a longitudinal direction of the body, and having one side protruding from the body when rotating;
a lifting and lowering unit coupled to other side of the wing unit in the body, and adjusting a location thereof in a vertical direction to control a protrusion of the wing unit; and
a driving unit selectively moving the lifting and lowering unit in a vertical direction in the body.

US Pat. No. 10,556,643

BOAT PONTOON

1. A pontoon comprising:a generally flat top panel having a generally rectangular shape extending in a longitudinal manner and a lip along each longitudinal edge;
a pair of vertical sides, each vertical side having a top edge and a bottom edge, wherein said top edge is attached to one lip of said flat top panel;
a first bottom portion attached to said bottom edges of said vertical sides, wherein said first bottom portion forms a concave-V shape with a flat bottom and is positioned on a front section of said pontoon;
a second bottom portion of said pontoon having a U-shape, wherein said second bottom portion is positioned on a rear section of said pontoon; and
a removable skid pad positioned longitudinally along said bottom portion of said pontoon.

US Pat. No. 10,556,642

WATERCRAFT

BOMBARDIER RECREATIONAL P...

1. A watercraft comprising:a deck;
a central pod connected to a bottom of the deck, the central pod being laterally centered relative to the deck, the central pod comprising:
a central hull defining a central tunnel, the central tunnel having two side walls and a top wall, the central hull having a central keel;
a motor connected to the central hull and disposed at least in part in the central hull; and
a jet propulsion system operatively connected to the motor, at least a portion of the jet propulsion system being disposed in the central tunnel, the jet propulsion system having a steerable nozzle;
a left pod connected to the bottom of the deck, the left pod being disposed at a left of the central pod and being laterally spaced from the central pod, the left pod comprising a left hull, the left hull being narrower than the central hull, the left hull having a left keel;
a right pod connected to the bottom of the deck, the right pod being disposed at a right of the central pod and being laterally spaced from the central pod, the right pod comprising a right hull, the right hull being narrower than the central hull, the right hull having a right keel; and
a helm assembly disposed on the deck and being operatively connected to the steerable nozzle,
the central keel being lower than the left and right keels,
a first line extending left from the central keel at a transom deadrise angle of the central hull intersects a left vertical plane containing the left keel at a point vertically above the left keel and vertically below a top of the left pod, and
a second line extending right from the central keel at the transom deadrise angle of the central hull intersects a right vertical plane containing the right keel at a point vertically above the right keel and vertically below a top of the right pod.

US Pat. No. 10,556,641

SAILING VESSEL

CROSS WING TECHNOLOGY HOL...

1. A sailing vessel, comprising:a first hull member comprising a bow portion and stern portion, and port side and starboard side;
a second hull member comprising a bow portion and stern portion, and port side and starboard side;
a first mast pivotally coupled to the first hull member configured to pivot toward the bow portion of the first hull from an upright position to a stowed position;
a second mast pivotally coupled to the second hull member configured to pivot toward the bow portion of the second hull from an upright position to a stowed position; and
a stabilizer coupled adjacent the bow portions of the first hull member and the second hull member, wherein the stabilizer comprises a generally flat lower surface and a generally parabolically curved convex upper surface.

US Pat. No. 10,556,639

WIRELESS SPROCKET SHIFTING CONTROL SYSTEM

1. A system operatively coupled with an adjustment cable of a bicycle assembly, the bicycle assembly further comprising a derailleur, a chain and a plurality of rotatably coupled sprockets, the derailleur coupled with the adjustment cable and the derailleur configured to alter the position of the chain in relation to the plurality of rotatably coupled sprockets as motivated by movement of the adjustment cable, the system comprising:an actuator comprising:
a movable arm coupled with the adjustment cable;
a means to position the movable arm;
a memory;
a wireless communications interface; and
a processor communicatively coupled with the wireless communications interface and memory and configured to:
record a user-defined plurality of distinguishable gear settings in the memory;
store in the memory the position of the movable arm in association with a selected gear setting as directed by wireless communications;
adjust the position of the movable arm as directed by wireless communications;
load a gear setting from the memory as directed by wireless communications and adjust the position of the arm in accordance with the retrieved gear setting; and
a wireless electronic communications device comprising:
a memory;
a user interface;
a wireless communications interface; and
a processor communicatively coupled with the wireless communications interface and memory, and adapted to direct the actuator to perform the following actions:
define a new gear setting record in memory;
select a predefined gear setting;
adjust the position of the movable arm;
record a current measure of the position of the movable arm in association with a selected gear setting; and
direct the actuator to retrieve a selected gear setting from the actuator memory and implement the selected gear setting.

US Pat. No. 10,556,638

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Shimano Inc., Osaka (JP)...

1. An electronic device that controls at least one bicycle component in correspondence with operation of an operation device, the electronic device comprising:a receiver that receives operation information corresponding to the operation of the operation device;
a first wireless transmitter;
a memory device that stores an actuation command of the bicycle component in correspondence with the operation information; and
an electronic controller that transmits the actuation command from the first wireless transmitter upon the receiver receiving the operation information, the transmitted actuation command corresponding to the received operation information;
the memory device being configured to allow the actuation command that is stored in correspondence with the operation information to be changed, the memory device being further configured to allow the actuation command stored in correspondence with the operation information to be changed in correspondence with information input from an external device.

US Pat. No. 10,556,637

BICYCLE OPERATING DEVICE

SHIMANO INC., Sakai (JP)...

1. A bicycle operating device comprising:a base member including
a first end to be mounted to a bicycle handlebar, and
a second end opposite to the first end;
an operating member pivotally coupled to the base member about a first pivot axis;
a hydraulic unit coupled to the operating member to operate a bicycle component in response to an operation of the operating member, at least part of the hydraulic unit being disposed closer to the second end than the first pivot axis when viewed from a first direction parallel to the first pivot axis;
an electrical switch to be activated by an input operation from a user;
a wireless communicator electrically connected to the electrical switch to wirelessly transmit a signal via an antenna to an additional component in response to the input operation; and
a power supply electrically connected to the wireless communicator to supply electrical power to the wireless communicator, at least one of the wireless communicator and the power supply being at least partly disposed closer to the first end than the first pivot axis when viewed from the first direction, wherein
the power supply is disposed below the first pivot axis when viewed from the first direction, and/or
the antenna is disposed above the electrical switch when viewed from the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,556,636

SELF-BALANCING LOAD BEARING VEHICLE

1. An auto-balancing load-bearing device, comprising:a first wheel and a first drive motor that drives the first wheel;
a second wheel and a second drive motor that drives the second wheel;
a first sensor;
an electronic controller that directs the first and second drive motors to drive the first and second wheels toward balancing the device; and
a load platform configured within the device so as to move under the force of gravity, relative to the first and second wheels, while the device is operating
wherein the load platform moves in fore-aft relative to the first and second wheels along a curved path and a curved track structure defines the curved path along which the load platform moves.

US Pat. No. 10,556,635

STRADDLED VEHICLE

YAMAHA HATSUDOKI KABUSHIK...

1. A straddled vehicle comprising:a vehicle body frame including a head pipe, and a main frame extending rearward from the head pipe in a vehicle front-rear direction;
a fuel tank including a side wall;
a rubber bracket attached to the main frame and formed to have sides defining a recess that is open upward;
a protruding member extending sideways from the side wall of the fuel tank, wherein the protruding member engages with the rubber bracket to be located within the recess; and
a rear cross frame located rearward of the rubber bracket in the vehicle front-rear direction and extending sideways from the main frame,
wherein a portion of the fuel tank overlaps with the rear cross frame as the vehicle is viewed from directly above the cross frame.

US Pat. No. 10,556,634

BICYCLE CONTROL SYSTEM

Shimano Inc., Osaka (JP)...

1. A bicycle control system comprising:an electronic controller configured to automatically control at least one of an electric indicator and an electric actuator of a height adjustable seatpost in accordance with a condition of a battery to supply electricity to the electric actuator,
wherein the controller actuates the electric actuator in accordance with the condition of the battery, and the controller controls the electric indicator to indicate the electric actuator would be actuated before the electric actuator is actuated in accordance with the condition of the battery so as to control the electric indicator to indicate a movement direction of the height adjustable seatpost.

US Pat. No. 10,556,633

MOTORIZED SEAT POST AND MOTORIZED STEM FIT DEVICES

MAELSTROM INNOVATIONS, L...

1. A motorized stem fit device for fitting a cyclist on a bicycle, the bicycle having a fork steerer and handlebars, the fork steerer being an original fork steerer provided with the bicycle, the motorized stem fit device comprising:a drive assembly; and
an adjustable stem assembly coupled to the drive assembly and providing an interface between the fork steerer and the handlebars;
wherein the drive assembly controls the adjustable stem assembly to provide at least one of: a vertical displacement and a horizontal displacement of the handlebars relative to the fork steerer.

US Pat. No. 10,556,632

BICYCLE SADDLE

PARADIGM INDUSTRIES AUSTR...

1. A bicycle saddle comprising:a seat frame for attaching a bicycle seat post, the seat frame comprising a rigid wire mount and a sub frame;
a saddle covering fixed to the sub frame; the saddle covering including a portion extending forwardly from a rearward portion to a centrally projecting soft compressible nose;
the seat portion adapted to support a rider's ischial tuberosities (or sit bones) in a comfort or cruising position;
the nose adapted to support the rider's pudendal or pelvic anatomy;
the sub frame comprising a one-piece shell that includes a forwardly projecting flange supporting the centrally projecting nose of the seat portion, the sub frame further having downwardly sloped lateral flanges disposed on each side of and spaced from the centrally projecting nose; wherein
the wire mount is fixedly connected to forward ends of the sloped flanges; the sloped flanges are adapted to provide continuous support to the ischial tuberosities as the rider slides forwardly and downwardly from the cruising to an aerodynamic position; the flanges adapted to enable the rider to bear weight in all cycling positions on the ischial tuberosities such that concomitant increase in perineal and pudendal regional pressure is at least one of substantially dissipated or absorbed by compression of the nose thereby facilitating full saddle contact and control at all times.

US Pat. No. 10,556,631

LOW PROFILE ROLLER ASSEMBLY

ENTRO INDUSTRIES, INC., ...

1. A load transporting apparatus configured to move a load over a base surface, comprising:a lift mechanism structured to lift a load-bearing frame supporting the load;
a load plate coupled to the lift mechanism;
a support foot configured to contact the base surface;
a roller track coupled to the support foot;
a travel mechanism coupled between the load plate and the roller track, the travel mechanism configured to displace the load bearing frame relative to the support foot;
a reciprocating roller assembly located between the load plate and the roller track, the reciprocating roller assembly including a roller cage and rollers configured to contact the load plate and the roller track during a loaded state and roll in response to a linear displacement of the load plate relative to the roller track; and
at least one set of stops extending from the load plate, the roller cage, or the roller track, the at least one of the stops configured to reposition the reciprocating roller assembly during an unloaded state and limit travel of the reciprocating roller assembly during the loaded state.

US Pat. No. 10,556,630

FRICTION DRIVE SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR USE

X Development LLC, Mount...

1. A robotic system comprising:a body;
one or more sensors;
a first wheel and a second wheel coupled to the body, wherein both the first wheel and the second wheel are configured to rotate about a first axis, and wherein each of the first wheel and the second wheel comprise:
an outermost diameter configured to contact a ground surface in an environment of the robotic system; and
a motor coupled to a rotatable component, wherein the motor is configured to rotate the rotatable component about a second axis, and wherein the rotatable component is frictionally engaged with the outermost diameter such that (i) a rotation of the rotatable component about the second axis is translated to a rotation of the wheel about the first axis and (ii) a gear ratio of the wheel to the rotatable component is defined based on a size of the outermost diameter relative to a size of the rotatable component; and
a controller that operates the motor of the first wheel and the motor of the second wheel to cause the robotic system to maintain balance and navigate within the environment based on data received from the one or more sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,556,629

INNER WHEEL SKIRT REDUCING VEHICLE DRAG

1. An apparatus reducing drag on a terrestrial vehicle in forward motion, said apparatus comprising:an inner wheel skirt assembly that comprises at least one vertical panel aligned parallel and disposed proximate to a laterally innermost sidewall of a laterally innermost wheel of a wheel assembly, said wheel assembly being disposed wholly on one lateral side of the vehicle;
the vertical panel having a lowermost panel edge positioned no higher than a minimum panel downward level located at an elevation above the bottom of the wheel assembly equal to one-third the diameter of said wheel assembly;
the vertical panel disposed wholly no further laterally from said innermost sidewall than a distance equal to two-thirds of the lateral width of the wheel assembly; and
the inner wheel skirt assembly configured wherein any flat panels thereof are each disposed in a substantially non-horizontal orientation.

US Pat. No. 10,556,628

VEHICLE FRONT SUSPENSION SYSTEM

NIKOLA MOTOR COMPANY LLC,...

1. A front suspension system for a front-wheel drive vehicle having a drive shaft for driving a front wheel, a motor gearbox assembly including a motor for driving the drive shaft, a gear train associated with the motor, and a housing that receives the motor and the gear train, the front suspension system comprising:a suspension device configured to be connected to the vehicle;
a lower control arm configured to be connected to the vehicle;
a yoke mount configured to connect the suspension device to the lower control arm, the yoke mount having first and second legs that receive the drive shaft therebetween when the front suspension system is mounted on the vehicle;
an upper control arm; and
a knuckle that is attachable to the lower and upper control arms and configured to support the front wheel;
wherein at least one of the control arms is attachable to the housing when the front suspension system is mounted on the vehicle, and the first and second legs of the yoke mount are configured to be directly connected to the suspension device at first and second spaced apart locations, respectively, when the front suspension system is mounted on the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,556,627

INTEGRATED COMPOSITE HYBRID SHOCK TOWER

Faurecia Emissions Contro...

1. A shock tower assembly comprising:a shock tower body comprising a polymer composite material;
at least one reinforcement member integrated into the shock tower body, wherein the at least one reinforcement member comprises at least one metal plate or bracket; and
a wheel cover comprised of the polymer composite material and integrated into the shock tower body to form a single-piece component.

US Pat. No. 10,556,626

VEHICLE FRONT BODY STRUCTURE

Mazda Motor Corporation, ...

1. A vehicle front body structure comprising:a dash panel extending in a vehicle width direction to separate an engine room from a vehicle interior;
an apron reinforcement extending forward on an outside in the vehicle width direction of the engine room;
a suspension housing coupled to the apron reinforcement in front of the dash panel;
a cowl side panel extending in a front-rear direction between a rear portion of the suspension housing and the dash panel in side view of the vehicle, the cowl side panel constituting a wall portion on the outside in the vehicle width direction of the engine room; and
a cowl top panel that extends in the vehicle width direction while being coupled to an upper portion of the dash panel, the cowl top panel being disposed rearward and away from the suspension housing, wherein
the cowl top panel includes a cowl top main body extending in the vehicle width direction and cowl top coupling portions provided respectively on both sides in the vehicle width direction of the cowl top main body, the cowl top coupling portions extending in the front-rear direction and being coupled to the cowl side panel,
each of the cowl top coupling portions has a front end located forward of the both sides in the vehicle width direction of the cowl top main body and is disposed rearward and away from the suspension housing,
the apron reinforcement constitutes a closed section together with the cowl side panel, and
a reinforcing member is provided inside the closed section to partition the closed section forward and rearward, the reinforcing member being located at a position such that the reinforcing member overlaps the front end of the cowl top coupling portion in side view of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,556,625

EXTRUDED B-PILLAR REINFORCEMENT

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A pillar for a vehicle comprising:an outer panel;
an inner panel; and
a reinforcement attached between the inner and outer panels, the reinforcement extending from an upper end of the inner panel to a striker attachment area on the outer panel, wherein a lower end of the reinforcement is spaced from the inner panel, wherein the reinforcement defines a plurality of closed cells with a plurality of walls extending in a vertical direction between the lower end of the reinforcement and an upper end of the reinforcement, and wherein the lower end of the reinforcement is trimmed at an angle from an outer side of the lower end of the reinforcement proximate the outer panel to an intermediate location on an inner side of the reinforcement proximate the inner panel.

US Pat. No. 10,556,624

VEHICLE UNDERBODY COMPONENT PROTECTION ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle underbody assembly comprising:a pair of rockers;
a pair of side rails each secured to a rearward portion of one of the rockers;
a first cross member extending between the side rails and thermally treated to form a first central hard strength zone between two first soft strength zones;
a second cross member arranged with the pair of side rails and the first cross member to form a rectilinear frame and thermally treated to form a second central hard strength zone between two second soft strength zones;
a first longitudinal member thermally treated to define a fully martensitic microstructure; and
a second longitudinal member thermally treated to define a fully martensitic microstructure; and
a fuel tank secured between the pair of side rails so that the fuel tank is located within a rectilinear frame formed by the pair of side rails and the cross members,
wherein the first longitudinal member and the second longitudinal member span between the first cross member and the second cross member to further form a fuel tank protection assembly, and wherein each of the soft strength zones extends outboard of the fuel tank.

US Pat. No. 10,556,623

METAL CROSS MEMBER WITH COMPOSITE FIBRE SUBFRAME

Sistemi Sospensioni S.p.A...

1. A cross-member for a motor-vehicle front suspension, comprising a first structure of metal, a second structure of composite material joined to the first structure and a plurality of mounting members connected to each other by the first structure to allow mounting of one or more components of the front suspension onto the cross-member,wherein the first structure includes a lattice frame comprising a plurality of tubular connecting elements of metal which connect the mounting members to each other,
wherein the second structure comprises a base body wholly made of a composite material with a polymer matrix and at least one reinforcement element securely connected to the base body in predetermined areas thereof to contribute to the overall mechanical strength and stiffness of the cross-member, and
wherein the second structure includes a main portion extending in a transverse direction, a pair of longitudinal appendages projecting rearwards from the opposite ends of the main portion, and a pair of struts extending upwards each from a respective longitudinal appendage.

US Pat. No. 10,556,622

FRAME ASSEMBLY FOR A VEHICLE

Oshkosh Defense, LLC, Os...

1. A vehicle comprising:a chassis having a first end and an opposing second end, the chassis including:
a first frame rail defining a first channel;
a second frame rail defining a second channel, the second frame rail spaced from the first frame rail; and
a cross member assembly coupled to the first end of the frame and extending between the first frame rail and the second frame rail, the cross member assembly including:
a first end plate positioned within, and releasably received by, the first channel of the first frame rail;
a second end plate positioned within, and releasably received by, the second channel of the second frame rail; and
a cross member extending between the first end plate and the second end plate;
a rear axle assembly coupled to the chassis;
a front axle assembly coupled to the chassis;
a cabin coupled to the chassis, the cabin having a frontmost surface; and
an engine configured to drive at least one of the front axle assembly and the rear axle assembly, the engine disposed entirely rearward of the frontmost surface of the cabin;
wherein a central axis of the front axle assembly is disposed entirely forward of the frontmost surface of the cabin.

US Pat. No. 10,556,621

STEERING ASSIST APPARATUS

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. A steering assist apparatus for use in a vehicle steering system including right and left steering operation mechanisms that are configured to respectively steer right and left steered wheels and are respectively driven by right and left steering motors when a steering member to be manipulated to steer a vehicle in a desired direction is mechanically coupled to neither of the right and left steering operation mechanisms, the steering assist apparatus comprising:a processor programmed to:
acquire a lateral deviation of the vehicle from a target travel line and/or a lateral deviation change rate, and a curvature of the target travel line, the lateral deviation change rate being a rate of change in the lateral deviation per unit time;
set, in accordance with the curvature of the target travel line, a left base target steered angle and a right base target steered angle to cause the vehicle to travel along the target travel line;
calculate a base target steered angle correction amount in accordance with the lateral deviation and/or the lateral deviation change rate;
detect whether the vehicle is making a right turn or a left turn;
when the vehicle is making a right turn, reduce the base target steered angle correction amount so as to set the reduced base target steered angle correction amount to be a left target steered angle correction amount, and in other states, set the base target steered angle correction amount to be the left target steered angle correction amount on an as-is basis;
when the vehicle is making a left turn, reduce the base target steered angle correction amount so as to set the reduced base target steered angle correction amount to be a right target steered angle correction amount, and in other states, set the base target steered angle correction amount to be the right target steered angle correction amount on an as-is basis;
add the left target steered angle correction amount to the left base target steered angle so as to calculate a left target steered angle; and
add the right target steered angle correction amount to the right base target steered angle so as to calculate a right target steered angle;
a left motor controller configured to control the left steering motor in accordance with the left target steered angle; and
a right motor controller configured to control the right steering motor in accordance with the right target steered angle.

US Pat. No. 10,556,620

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR COMPENSATING FOR COLUMN TORQUE IN MDPS SYSTEM

Hyundai Mobis Co., Ltd., ...

1. An apparatus for compensating for a column torque in an MDPS (Motor Driven Power Steering) system, comprising:a column torque sensor configured to sense a column torque applied to a steering shaft and output a column torque signal;
a vehicle velocity sensor configured to sense a vehicle velocity; and
a controller configured to receive the column torque signal to extract a vibration frequency of steering vibration caused in a steering apparatus, determine a filtering gain based on the vehicle velocity sensed by the vehicle velocity sensor, and filter the column torque signal such that the column torque signal corresponding to the extracted vibration frequency is attenuated to an attenuation length which is determined according to the filtering gain,
wherein the filtering gain comprises an index indicating the attenuation degree of the filtered column torque signal.

US Pat. No. 10,556,619

STEERING CONTROL APPARATUS

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A steering control apparatus that controls an assistance torque outputted by a steering assistance motor based on a steering torque applied by a driver, the steering control apparatus comprising:a basic assistance torque calculating unit that calculates a basic assistance torque; and
a return control unit that calculates a return control amount to assist in returning a steering wheel to a neutral position, as a correction torque to be added to the basic assistance torque, wherein
the return control unit includes
a target steering speed calculating unit that calculates a target steering speed that is a target value for a steering speed,
a return control amount calculating unit that calculates the return control amount such that the steering speed follows the target steering speed, and
a returning state determining unit that determines whether the steering wheel is turning or returning, and
the target steering speed calculating unit gradually increases an absolute value of the target steering speed from an absolute value of the steering speed when the steering wheel is returning.

US Pat. No. 10,556,618

DRIVE APPARATUS AND ELECTRIC POWER STEERING APPARATUS USING THE SAME

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An electric power steering apparatus that integrates a motor having first and second winding groups and a controller, the apparatus comprising:a substrate including a first and second switching elements, a first and second controllers, a first and second capacitors and a first and second rotation sensors mounted thereon;
a first power supply connector;
a second power supply connector; and
a frame member disposed in a controller side of a stator and a rotor of the motor, a shaft of the motor being inserted into the frame member,whereinthe first and second switching elements are disposed on a back surface of the substrate, being capable of radiating heat to the frame member;
a first system performing a drive control of the first winding group is defined, the first system including the first power supply connector, the first switching element, the first controller, the first capacitor and the first rotation sensor;
a second system performing a drive control of the second winding group is defined, the second system including the second power supply connector, the second switching element, the second controller, the second capacitor and the second rotation sensor;
a first region is defined as a region where the first power supply connector is provided, the first region including the first switching element, the first controller, and the first capacitor;
a second region is defined as a region where the second power supply connector is provided, the second region including the second switching element, the second controller, and the second capacitor;
the first and second rotation sensors are accommodated in a single package; and
the single package is disposed in a middle of the substrate and a boundary portion between the first region and the second region to face a magnet disposed at an end of the shaft of the motor.

US Pat. No. 10,556,617

STEER-BY-WIRE AND INDEPENDENT-DRIVE INTEGRATED WHEEL-SIDE ELECTRIC DRIVE DEVICE

1. A steer-by-wire and independent-drive integrated wheel-side electric drive device, comprising:a first double-rotor motor and a second double-rotor motor, fixedly arranged coaxially along an axial direction of the motors, wherein
an inner rotor of the first double-rotor motor is connected with a first drive shaft and is used for driving a wheel on one side to rotate;
an inner rotor of the second double-rotor motor is connected with a second drive shaft and is used for driving a wheel on the other side to rotate;
an outer rotor of the first double-rotor motor and an outer rotor of the second double-rotor motor are connected with a driving gear by virtue of an output shaft or respectively by virtue of an output shaft, so as to drive the driving gear to rotate;
a steering gear lead screw, of which both ends are respectively hinged with a tie rod; and
a driven gear, of which a center hole is matched with the steering gear lead screw by virtue of a ball screw nut pair, wherein the steering gear lead screw may be driven to axially move under the driving of the driving gear, thereby realizing steering.

US Pat. No. 10,556,616

DAMPING COUPLER OF ELECTRONIC POWER STEERING APPARATUS

MANDO CORPORATION, Gyeon...

1. A damping coupler of an electronic steering apparatus, comprising:a first spline having a first shaft hole such that a worm shaft is inserted therein, with a first serration being formed in the first shaft hole to engage with a serration of the worm shaft;
a second spline directly coupled to a side of the first spline, and having a second shaft hole such that the worm shaft is inserted therein, with a second serration being formed in the second shaft hole to engage with a serration of the worm shaft; and
a molding surrounding outsides of the first and second splines, and coupled to a motor shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,556,615

CENTER LOAD STEERING RACK SUPPORT

1. A center load rack and pinion steering mechanism comprising:a housing coupled to the frame of a vehicle;
a rack housed within an inner passage of the housing;
a pinion gear that engages a geared section of the rack, wherein the pinion gear is coupled to a steering column of the vehicle, the steering column extending through an aperture in the housing, whereby the rack travels within the inner passage in response to rotation of the pinion gear, wherein the range of travel of the rack is limited by opposed closed ends of the housing;
a bushing that lines a longitudinal slot in a front surface of the housing;
a cover plate wherein an inner surface thereof engages the front surface of the housing such that the cover plate covers the slot while the rack is in any position within its range of travel;
a center link pad having a pair of spaced apertures therethrough that correspond to a pair of spaced threaded recesses on a front surface of the rack, wherein the center link pad engages the front surface of the rack through an aperture in the cover plate and through the slot, such that the pair of spaced apertures align with the pair of spaced threaded recesses; and
a center link having opposed first and second ends, each of the first and second ends being configured for mounting a tie rod thereto, and a pair of spaced apertures through the center link, wherein a pair of center link mounting bolts are inserted through the spaced apertures of the center link, through the spaced apertures of the center link pad, and are threaded into the spaced threaded recesses on the front surface of the rack, such that the center link mounting bolts secure the center link to the center link pad, and the center link pad to the rack, wherein each of the center link, the center link pad, and the cover plate travel longitudinally in concert with the rack in response to rotation of the pinion gear, wherein an upper surface of the center link pad is biased against an upper inner surface of the bushing and a lower surface of the center link pad is biased against a lower inner surface of the bushing to prevent upward and downward movement and twisting of the center link pad and the center link relative to the rack, in response to varied upward and downward forces and shock loads in the center link while the vehicle is in use.

US Pat. No. 10,556,614

BODY MOUNTED SLIDING STEERING COLUMN WITH OFFSET FEEDBACK ACTUATOR

NIO USA, Inc., San Jose,...

1. A vehicle, comprising:a frame defining a passenger cabin having a front and a back;
a plurality of parallel rails mounted to the frame near the front of the passenger cabin;
a sliding steering assembly, comprising:
an arm having two ends, the first end slidably connected to the plurality of parallel rails and the second end supporting a housing;
a steering column extending from the housing and comprising a first section rotatably connected to the arm, a second section slidably engaged with the first section, and a third section slidably engaged with the second section; and
a steering wheel affixed to an end of the steering column; and
a force feedback motor configured to selectively exert a rotational force on the steering column.

US Pat. No. 10,556,613

STEERING WHEEL COVER

Hopkins Manufacturing Cor...

1. A steering wheel cover comprising:an inner core comprising a plurality of ribs separated by openings;
an outer casing that at least partially encloses the inner core;
front and rear spines, the ribs extending in arcs between the front and rear spines;
each of the ribs includes:
a stem connected to the front spine and a stem connected to the rear spine; and
a plurality of branches connected to each stem and separated by a slot.

US Pat. No. 10,556,612

METHOD, TOOL, AND TOOL ASSEMBLY FOR INTRODUCING AN ELECTRICAL CONDUCTOR INTO A FOAM CLADDING OF A STEERING WHEEL FRAME, AND VEHICLE STEERING WHEEL

TRW AUTOMOTIVE SAFETY SYS...

1. A method of introducing an electric conductor (22) into foam padding (20) of a steering wheel skeleton (18) comprising the following steps of:introducing cut (26) into the foam padding (20) by means of a cutting tool (34) during a first method step, the foam padding (20) having an initial shape, and
simultaneously introducing the electric conductor (22) into the cut (26) during a second method step at a location that is offset from a point where the cut is being introduced, the offset of the location being a distance where the electrical conductor is introduced into the cut before the cut foam padding returns to the initial shape.

US Pat. No. 10,556,611

DOUBLE STROLLER

GOODBABY CHILD PRODUCTS C...

1. A double stroller, comprising a frame with an unfolded state and a folded state, front wheels arranged below a front portion of the frame, rear wheels arranged below a rear portion of the frame, and a lock mechanism for locking the frame in the unfolded state, wherein the frame comprises three side supports arranged in sequence along a left-right direction, and two transverse supports, each two adjacent side supports are connected to each other via one transverse support, each transverse support comprises at least one connecting rod assembly extending along the left-right direction, and each connecting rod assembly comprises an outer connecting rod fixedly connected with the side support on a left or right side and an inner connecting rod fixedly connected with the side support in the middle, the outer connecting rod is connected to the inner connecting rod in a horizontally rotatable manner, such that the side supports on the left and right sides are capable of rotating inward along with the outer connecting rods to draw close to the side support in the middle or rotating outward along with the outer connecting rods to unfold, and when any one of the three side supports is unfolded or folded, the other two side supports are capable of being synchronously unfolded or folded under the driving of the transverse supports,wherein each connecting rod assembly further comprises a rotation limit mechanism arranged on the outer connecting rod and/or the inner connecting rod for enabling the outer connecting rod to rotate only along one direction when folding, and all outer connecting rods are only capable of rotating to the front of the inner connecting rods or only capable of rotating to the rear of the inner connecting rods after the folding of the side supports in an up-down direction and in a front-rear direction is completed.

US Pat. No. 10,556,610

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING MANEUVERABLE STROLLERS

KOLCRAFT ENTERPRISES, INC...

1. A method for manufacturing a stroller, the method comprising:mounting a front wheel to a frame;
mounting a rear wheel and an intermediate wheel to a connector such that the connector supports the rear wheel and the intermediate wheel; and
mounting the connector to the frame at a pivot axis such that the intermediate wheel is located between the front wheel and the rear wheel, the pivot axis is offset above an axis of rotation of the intermediate wheel, and the frame is able to pivot about the picot axis with the front wheel elevated relative to the intermediate wheel and the rear wheel.

US Pat. No. 10,556,609

SHOPPING CART BASKET WITH FORWARD HANDLE

Unarco Industries LLC, W...

1. A shopping cart comprising:a frame including a rear handle and a chassis connected to four casters,
a shopping cart basket attached to the frame, wherein the shopping cart basket comprises a front wall on a front end, a rear opening on a rear end opposite the front wall, a first side wall extending between the front wall and the rear end, a second side wall extending between the front wall and the rear end opposite the first side wall, and a bottom wall extending between the front wall, the first side wall, and the second side wall,
wherein the shopping cart basket includes a lower portion of the shopping cart basket comprising a wire basket region formed from a metallic material, and a forward handle region formed from a non-metallic material, wherein the forward handle region is positioned on top of the wire basket region and forms an upper portion of the shopping cart basket,
wherein the forward handle region includes a main body portion positioned along the front wall of the shopping cart basket, a first side arm that extends from the main body portion along the first side wall of the shopping cart basket, and a second side arm that extends from the main body portion along the second side wall of the shopping cart basket, and wherein the main body portion includes a pair of front openings,
wherein the forward handle region includes an upper surface that forms an uppermost surface of the shopping cart basket, and a lower surface that engages the wire basket region of the shopping cart, wherein the upper surface is spaced from the lower surface at the front end, and wherein the upper surface and the lower surface converge toward each other along the first side arm,
wherein a groove extends along the first side arm, along the main body portion, and along the second side arm between a lower surface and a top groove surface, wherein the groove is configured to receive a support rod to secure the shopping cart basket to the frame, and
wherein each front opening of the pair of front openings are positioned between the upper surface and the top groove surface.

US Pat. No. 10,556,608

MOVING CARRIER

1. A moving carrier, comprising:an upper-frame assembly;
a lower-frame assembly having a first end and a second end, wherein the upper-frame assembly is connected to the first end of the lower-frame assembly, the lower-frame assembly comprises a first moving member, a second moving member, an elastic member, a guiding member and a third moving member, the first moving member is disposed on the guiding member, the second moving member is disposed at one end of the guiding member away from the first moving member, the elastic member is disposed corresponding to the guiding member, and the third moving member is disposed on the second moving member; and
a front-wheel assembly connected to the second end of the lower-frame assembly, wherein the front-wheel assembly comprises a transmitting member and front-wheel frame, the transmitting member is connected to the front-wheel frame and has a guiding groove, and one end of the third moving member is disposed in the guiding groove;
wherein, when the first moving member moves along the guiding member, the first moving member enables the elastic member to store a first energy, and when the elastic member releases the first energy, the second moving member drives the third moving member to move and the third moving member pushes the guiding groove to move, so that the transmitting member drives the front-wheel frame to move toward the lower-frame assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,556,607

SYSTEMS AND METHOD FOR A VEHICLE NETWORK

GE GLOBAL SOURCING LLC, ...

1. A system comprising:a first network bus configured to extend internally in a vehicle chassis to a first network port attached externally to the vehicle chassis at a first side of the vehicle chassis;
a second network bus configured to extend internally in the vehicle chassis to a second network port attached externally to the vehicle chassis at a second side of the vehicle chassis, wherein the first network bus has a first electrical configuration and the second network bus has a second electrical configuration that is different than the first electrical configuration, the first and second electrical configurations corresponding to an arrangement of conductor pins at the first and second network port; and
one or more processors configured to determine an orientation of the vehicle chassis on a route relative to an additional vehicle chassis based on at least one of the first electrical configuration or the second electrical configuration, the one or more processors configured to control at least one of: a first vehicle that includes the vehicle chassis, a second vehicle that includes the additional vehicle chassis, or a device onboard at least one of the first vehicle or the second vehicle based on the orientation that is determined.

US Pat. No. 10,556,606

RAILROAD CAR LOCATION, SPEED, AND HEADING DETECTION SYSTEM AND METHODS WITH SELF-POWERED WIRELESS SENSOR NODES

THE ISLAND RADAR COMPANY,...

1. A system for detecting location, speed and heading information of a moving railroad car or string of railroad cars in a railroad switchyard, the system comprising:a first plurality of processor-based sensor node devices arranged in spaced relation to one another to establish a first predefined protected area corresponding to an intersection of a connector track and a first classification track in a railroad switchyard;
a second plurality of processor-based sensor node devices arranged in spaced relation to one another to establish a second predefined protected area corresponding to an intersection of the connector track and a second classification track in the railroad switchyard;
each of the plurality of processor-based sensor node devices including at least one detection element configured to sense at least one of the location, speed and heading of the railroad car or string of railroad cars moving within the first or second predefined protected areas;
at least one concentrator node device in communication with each of the plurality of processor-based sensor node devices when the moving object is within the predefined protected area; and
a master processor device in communication with the at least one concentrator node device and a railroad yard control system.

US Pat. No. 10,556,605

RAILWAY GUIDE SYSTEM INCLUDING SENSORS FIXED TO A RAIL

1. A guide system, comprising:a railway rail extending along an axis and further comprising:
an upper element having a rolling face;
a lower element having an upper face;
a connecting element between the lower and upper elements, at least one lateral recess being formed between the lower and upper elements to a side of the connecting element;
at least a first attitude sensor and a second attitude sensor are fixed to the rail by glue at respective positions offset along said axis of the rail, said attitude sensors being housed at least partially in the lateral recess; and
a processing circuit configured to recover attitude measurements supplied by the first and second attitude sensors and configured to calculate deformation of said railway rail relative to said axis as a function of the recovered attitude measurements, wherein
each of said first and second attitude sensors comprises
an accelerometer configured to measure a component of acceleration along said axis, and
an electronic circuit configured to calculate the attitude of the sensor as a function of the measurement from the accelerometer.

US Pat. No. 10,556,604

RAILROAD BLOCK/GRADE CROSSING WARNING SYSTEM

FERMI RESEARCH ALLIANCE, ...

1. A system comprising:at least two conducting contacts;
a cable connected to said at least two conducting contacts;
an electrical load associated with said cable between said two conducting contacts,
wherein said at least two conducting contacts can be connected to railroad tracks in order to shunt a track signal circuit associated with said railroad tracks; and
a self-contained capsule configured to house said at least two conducting contacts, said cable, and said electrical load associated with said cable.

US Pat. No. 10,556,603

COLLISION ENERGY ABSORPTION APPARATUS FOR RAIL VEHICLES

CENTRAL SOUTH UNIVERSITY,...

1. A collision energy absorption apparatus for a rail vehicle, comprising a connector (2), a base (3), and an energy absorption tearing tube (1) radially disposed on the outside of the connector (2), an inner wall and an outer wall of the energy absorption tearing tube (1) being provided with 2 to 20 pairs of kerfs (11), each pair of kerfs (11) comprising an inner kerf (111) and an outer kerf (112) which have radial positions corresponding to one another on the energy absorption tearing tube (1), each kerf being a non-closed linear kerf, and a width of the kerfs being between 0.05 and 0.8 mm, and the sum of depths of each pair of kerfs being less than a wall thickness of the energy absorption tearing tube (1); the base (3) comprises semicircle structures (31), such that torn strips of the energy absorption tearing tube (1) formed after a collision curl in a predetermined direction under the restriction of the structures.

US Pat. No. 10,556,602

CAR AIR CONDITIONING DUCT AND RAILCAR

KAWASAKI JUKOGYO KABUSHIK...

1. A car air-conditioning duct configured to guide air to a suction side of an air conditioner mounted on a car or guide the air flowing from a blow-off side of the air conditioner mounted on the car, the car air-conditioning duct comprising:a duct wall having a tubular shape,
a plurality of duct fixtures, the duct wall being attached to the car by the plurality of duct fixtures,
the duct wall forming a duct outer surface and a duct inner surface,
the duct wall being made of a composite foamed resin material containing polystyrene resin and polyolefin resin,
a content ratio of the polystyrene resin and a content ratio of the polyolefin resin each having a gradient in a thickness direction of the duct wall,
the content ratio of the polyolefin resin being higher than the content ratio of the polystyrene resin at the duct outer surface and the duct inner surface,
the duct wall having a rectangular cross section in which two face plate members are joined to each other at end edges thereof, the two face plate members having respective L-shaped cross sections arranged point symmetrically, being made of the composite foamed resin material,
each of the plurality of duct fixtures comprising a frame-shaped engaging portion engaged with the duct wall from outside the duct and coupling portions projecting from the engaging portion in a car width direction so as to separate from each other,
the engaging portion and the coupling portions being constituted by a band plate-shaped first part and a band plate-shaped second part, the first part and the second part being separated from each other in an upper/lower direction,
the first part and the second part being stacked on each other at the coupling portions,
the first part and the second part in a stacked state being also fastened to each other in the upper/lower direction by the duct fixtures and attachable to the car by the duct fixtures.

US Pat. No. 10,556,601

ACTUATING INDUCTOR PLACEMENT ASSEMBLY

Hydra Heating Industries,...

1. An actuator assembly, comprising:an assembly base, the assembly base comprising at least one base pole, an extension channel secured to the at least one base pole, and an extension actuator;
an extension arm, a first end and length of the extension arm extending into the extension channel of the assembly base;
an inductive heating module pivotally secured about a second end of the extension arm;
a heating module lift actuator to lift the inductive heating module with respect to the extension arm;
a lift arm secured to the second end of the extension arm at a first pivot assembly, wherein the heating module is secured to a second end of the lift arm at a second pivot assembly;
the heating module lift actuator is secured to the extension arm and the lift arm to lift the lift arm and the heating module actuator with respect to the extension arm;
the heating module lift actuator comprises a lift rod configured to extend from and retract into the heating module lift actuator;
the lift arm comprises a lift linkage secured to the lift rod; and
the lift arm pivots about the first pivot assembly based on extending and retracting movement of the lift rod.

US Pat. No. 10,556,600

ASSESSMENT OF HUMAN DRIVING PERFORMANCE USING AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES

1. A method of assessing human driving performance using an autonomous vehicle, the autonomous vehicle having a manual operational mode and one or more autonomous operational modes, the autonomous vehicle including one or more processors, when the autonomous vehicle is operating in the one or more autonomous operational modes, the one or more processors being configured to: determine one or more potential autonomous driving maneuvers for the autonomous vehicle; evaluate the one or more potential autonomous driving maneuvers relative to a predetermined standard to determine whether the one or more potential autonomous driving maneuvers are acceptable or unacceptable; and cause a selected one of the potential autonomous driving maneuvers to implemented, whereby the autonomous vehicle is navigated or maneuvered along a travel route, the method comprising:while the autonomous vehicle is operating in the manual operational mode, acquiring in real-time, using one or more environment sensors located onboard the autonomous vehicle, driving environment data of at least a portion of an external environment of a vehicle;
generating, validating, or updating a driving scene model using the acquired driving environment data;
while the autonomous vehicle is operating in the manual operational mode, acquiring in real-time, using one or more sensors located onboard the autonomous vehicle, driving data relating to a manual driving maneuver;
evaluating, using the one or more processors, the acquired driving data relative to the driving scene model to determine whether the manual driving maneuver is acceptable or unacceptable based on a predetermined standard, the predetermined standard being the same standard used to determine whether one or more potential autonomous driving maneuvers is acceptable or unacceptable when the autonomous vehicle is operating in the one or more autonomous operational modes; and
responsive to determining that the manual driving maneuver is unacceptable, providing feedback to a user via one or more vehicle components, the feedback including passive feedback, whereby the feedback is provided after operation of the autonomous vehicle has stopped or a period of time after the manual driving maneuver has been completed, and the feedback including visual, haptic, or audible feedback.

US Pat. No. 10,556,599

CONDITIONAL PROGRESSIVE DEGRADATION OF ELECTRIC VEHICLE POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM

NIO USA, Inc., San Jose,...

1. An electric vehicle, comprising:a power source;
an electric motor electrically connected to the power source, wherein the power source is configured to provide electrical energy to the electric motor according to a selective power capability; and
a power management controller electrically interconnected with the power source, the power management controller comprising:
a microprocessor; and
a computer readable medium coupled to the microprocessor and comprising instructions stored thereon that cause the microprocessor to:
determine a first power capability of the power source, wherein the first power capability corresponds to a capacity of electrical charge set as available for the power source;
receive, at a first time, a first power degradation signal from a remote administrative server to selectively degrade the first power capability of the power source;
determine, based on the first power degradation signal received, that the electric vehicle is not authorized to receive power at the first power capability from the power source;
degrade, based on the first power degradation signal received, the first power capability of the power source to a decreased second power capability of the power source, wherein the decreased second power capability corresponds to a reduced percentage of the capacity of electrical charge set as available for use by the electric vehicle;
receive, at a second time, a second power degradation signal from the remote administrative server to selectively degrade the decreased second power capability of the power source:
determine, based on the second power degradation signal received, that the electric vehicle is not authorized to receive power at the decreased second power capability from the power source; and
degrade, based on the second power degradation signal received, the decreased second power capability of the power source to a further decreased third power capability of the power source, wherein the further decreased third power capability maintains a minimum usable capacity of electrical charge for the power source.

US Pat. No. 10,556,597

OPERATION INFORMATION MANAGEMENT DEVICE, OPERATION INFORMATION MANAGEMENT METHOD, AND OPERATION INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

ISUZU MOTORS LIMITED, Sh...

1. An operation information management device comprising:an acquiring unit configured to acquire operation information of each of a plurality of vehicles;
an evaluating unit configured to make evaluations of drivers respectively associated with each of the plurality of vehicles, the evaluations being made based on the operation information;
a determining unit configured to determine a ranking of one or more of the drivers associated with each of one or more vehicles of the plurality of vehicles which are classified into a same type of vehicle, the determining of the ranking being performed based on the evaluations of the one or more drivers, wherein the determining unit is configured to determine a type of the vehicle associated with the operation information based on a running distance included in the operation information; and
a display control unit configured to control a display unit such that the display unit displays the ranking of the one or more drivers determined by the determining unit.

US Pat. No. 10,556,596

DRIVER SCORING AND SAFE DRIVING NOTIFICATIONS

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A method for use in a vehicle, the method comprising:collecting data at a predetermined interval, wherein the data includes a plurality of frames and each frame of the plurality of frames corresponds to the predetermined interval and includes a first acceleration data and a second acceleration data;
assigning each of the plurality of frames to a group by comparing the first acceleration data and the second acceleration data to a predetermined threshold;
determining whether each of the plurality of frames is statistically likely to be an adverse behavior, wherein the determining includes:
analyzing each of the plurality of frames using a plurality of machine learning methods;
determining, for each of the plurality of machine learning methods, a preliminary classification for each of the plurality of frames; and
selecting a final classification for each of the plurality of frames based on a majority of the preliminary classifications for each of the plurality of frames; and
generating a driver score based on the determination.

US Pat. No. 10,556,595

STATE ESTIMATION SYSTEM

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A state estimation system comprisinga processor configured to:
obtain first input data related to at least one of biological information and behavior information of a first user;
obtain second input data related to at least one of biological information and behavior information of a second user different from the first user;
perform an estimation operation for estimating a state of the first user based on the first input data;
perform a training operation for optimizing a content of the estimation operation by using i) first training data which includes the first input data and first label data indicating a state of the first user corresponding to the first input data so as to associate the first input data and the first label data with each other, ii) second training data which includes the first input data so as not to associate the first input data and the first label data with each other, and iii) third training data which includes the second input data and second label data indicating a state of the second user corresponding to the second input data so as to associate the second input data and the second label data with each other; and
output a signal indicating information related to the content of the estimation operation.

US Pat. No. 10,556,594

ACCELERATION CONTROL METHOD FOR DCT VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An acceleration control method for a dual clutch transmission (DCT) vehicle, comprising:determining, by a controller, whether an engine speed is lower than a target shift stage input shaft speed when a driver's demand for acceleration is verified;
determining, by the controller, whether the engine speed increased by a demand for acceleration when the engine speed is lower than the target shift stage input shaft speed, is equal to or greater than the target shift stage input shaft speed;
feedback-controlling, by the controller, an engagement-side clutch to reduce a slip caused by a difference between the engine speed and the target shift stage input shaft speed while maintaining an engine torque when the engine speed is verified to be equal to or greater than the target shift stage input shaft speed in the determining of whether the engine speed increased by the demand for acceleration when the engine speed is lower than the target shift stage input shaft speed is equal to or greater than the target shift stage input shaft speed; and
completing control of the engagement-side clutch, by the controller, when the controller verifies that synchronization of the engine speed with the target shift stage input shaft speed is stabilized.

US Pat. No. 10,556,593

SERIES HYBRID VEHICLE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A series hybrid vehicle equipped with an engine, a first motor generator, and a second motor generator, the series hybrid vehicle comprising:a first power transmission mechanism that engages the engine with the first motor generator;
a second power transmission mechanism that engages the first motor generator with a vehicle drive shaft;
a clutch that is capable of engaging the first motor generator with one of the first power transmission mechanism and the second power transmission mechanism in a switching manner; and
a transmission that switches between transmission gear ratios and engages the second motor generator with the vehicle drive shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,556,592

VEHICLE CONTROL DEVICE

SUBARU CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A vehicle control device capable of separately controlling a driving force of a front wheel and a driving force of a rear wheel in a vehicle, the vehicle control device comprising:a processor coupled to a memory storing instructions, the processor being configured to:
determine that a drive wheel is slipping in a case where an index value that is correlated with a rotation speed of the drive wheel exceeds a threshold corresponding to a vehicle speed;
control a driving force of the drive wheel such that the index value matches a target value that is set to cancel a slipping state of the drive wheel and corresponding to the vehicle speed in a case where it is determined that the drive wheel is slipping;
determine whether a different-diameter tire that has a different diameter from a reference diameter is mounted on the drive wheel;
adjust a threshold on a basis of a ratio between a diameter of the tire mounted on the drive wheel and the reference diameter in the case where it is determined that the different-diameter tire is mounted on the drive wheel; and
adjust the target value on the basis of the ratio in a case where it is determined that the different-diameter tire is mounted on the drive wheel.

US Pat. No. 10,556,591

VEHICLE CONTROL DEVICE

HITACHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEM...

1. A vehicle control apparatus, comprising:a deceleration level control unit that controls a deceleration level of a vehicle, wherein
during travelling of the vehicle continuing to travel with a power transmission mechanism between an engine and wheels being disengaged, when a deceleration request is made and the engine is started by an engagement of the power transmission mechanism, the deceleration level of the vehicle is controlled such that the deceleration level becomes a target deceleration level calculated from a first target deceleration level generated after the engagement of the power transmission mechanism is complete and a second target deceleration level generated in response to the deceleration request.

US Pat. No. 10,556,590

VEHICLE AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A vehicle comprising:an engine management system configured to drive an engine to adjust a driving torque of the engine to accelerate the vehicle;
a communicator configured to receive road gradient information; and
a controller configured to control the engine management system such that a driving speed of the vehicle follows a target speed,
wherein the controller estimates an increase amount of speed of a next downhill section based on the road gradient information, and decides a start point of coasting control for a current section to maximize a coasting distance, based on the estimated increase amount of speed.

US Pat. No. 10,556,589

VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEM, VEHICLE CONTROL METHOD AND VEHICLE CONTROL PROGRAM

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. A vehicle control system, comprisingan automatic driving control part, performing automatic driving of at least one of velocity control and steering control of a vehicle, and
a function limiting part, limiting functions related to the automatic driving when energy of the vehicle is insufficient due to the automatic driving,
wherein, when the energy of the vehicle is insufficient, the function limiting part limits a monitored object range of a periphery monitoring device used by the automatic driving, and forbids the automatic driving from performing at least one of a lane changing maneuver by the vehicle, a traveling maneuver onto a road fork by the vehicle, and a lane merging maneuver by the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,556,588

VEHICLE TRAVELING CONTROL APPARATUS

SUBARU CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A vehicle traveling control apparatus comprising:a determiner configured to, while a first vehicle that is an own vehicle travels along a first target route generated based on a traveling trajectory of a second vehicle traveling directly in front of the first vehicle, determine an evaluation value for each of objects present ahead of the second vehicle based at least on 1) a position where each of the objects is present and 2) a width of each of the objects;
a selector configured to, in response to detecting the second vehicle departing from a position directly in front of the first vehicle, identify a third vehicle among the objects ahead of the second vehicle based on the evaluation value for each of the objects;
a target route controller configured to generate a second target route based on a travel trajectory of the identified third vehicle; and
a switcher configured to switch from the first target route generated based on the travel trajectory of the second vehicle to the second target route to allow the first vehicle to travel along the second target route generated based on the travel trajectory of the third vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,556,587

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF MITIGATING ERRORS IN A DEVICE BY USE OF PROPULSION TORQUE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A system of mitigating errors in a device, the system comprising:a controller including a processor and tangible, non-transitory memory on which is recorded instructions for executing a method;
a propulsion source configured to apply a propulsion torque to the device in response to a command by the controller;
wherein the device includes a pedal movable between a first depression zone, a second depression zone and a third depression zone, the device being configured to decelerate when the pedal is in the first depression zone;
wherein the device is configured to move at a constant speed when the pedal is in the second depression zone and accelerate when the pedal is in the third depression zone;
wherein execution of the instructions by the processor causes the controller to:
determine if at least one predefined enabling condition is met;
if the at least one predefined enabling condition is met, then determine if a speed of the device is at a target speed; and
control operation of the device based at least partially on the speed of the device, including, if the speed of the device is above or below the target speed, then:
determine the propulsion torque sufficient to bring the device to the target speed, based at least partially on feedback from at least one external force sensor; and
apply the propulsion torque to accelerate or decelerate the device, via the command to the propulsion source.

US Pat. No. 10,556,586

VEHICLE ASSISTANCE SYSTEM

1. A vehicle assistance system for a first vehicle, comprising:communication circuitry provided for image communication, and
a control unit connected to the communication circuitry,wherein the control unit is configured to:determine at least one present or upcoming vehicle scenario for the first vehicle, based on vehicle information extracted from an internal source of the first vehicle, the at least one present or upcoming vehicle scenario being based on information in regards to the operation of the vehicle, wherein the vehicle scenario defines at least one of a present or upcoming operation and context for the first vehicle;
select a safety requirement based on the vehicle scenario, wherein the safety requirement defines a perimeter for a present or upcoming safe operation of the first vehicle;
automatically identify, using the communication circuitry, at least one external camera located remotely away from and within a predefined perimeter surrounding the first vehicle, the predefined perimeter determined is based on the at least one present or upcoming vehicle scenario for the first vehicle;
acquire, using the communication circuitry, an image feed produced by the at least one external camera;
matching, using the control unit, visual illustrations of a surrounding of the first vehicle comprised with the image feed produced by the at least one external camera and the safety requirement for the vehicle scenario, and
operating, using the control unit, the first vehicle, based on a result of the matching between the image feed and the safety requirement,wherein the operating of the first vehicle, includes at least one of automatically controlling a speed, a lane selection and a gear selection of the first vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,556,585

SURFACE NORMAL DETERMINATION FOR LIDAR RANGE SAMPLES BY DETECTING PROBE PULSE STRETCHING

Panosense Inc., Foster C...

1. A device comprising:a laser emitter configured to emit a laser pulse in a sample direction to perform distance measurements;
a sensor to sense a return pulse corresponding to the laser pulse reflected from a surface; and
one or more processors configured to:receive a signal representative of the return pulse from the sensor;based at least in part on the signal representative of the return pulse, compare a width of the emitted laser pulse to a width of the return pulse in a time-domain; anddetermine an orientation of the surface relative to the sample direction based, at least in part, on the comparison of the width of the emitted laser pulse to the width of the return pulse.

US Pat. No. 10,556,584

VEHICLE VISION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system, comprising a processor and a memory, the memory storing instructions executable by the processor to:detect water on a ground surface based on data collected from a sensor of a vehicle;
actuate a vehicle exterior light disposed on an exterior of the vehicle to illuminate a grid pattern on the ground surface;
detect a depression at a location of the detected water based on received reflections of the grid pattern; and
actuate at least one of a propulsion, a steering, or a brake to move the vehicle to a stop location exceeding a predetermined distance away from the detected depression.

US Pat. No. 10,556,583

VEHICLE CONTROL APPARATUS

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A vehicle control apparatus that is configured to control a hybrid vehicle,the hybrid vehicle having an engine and a rotating electrical machine each of which is connected to a driving shaft and each of which is a source of driving power, the rotating electrical machine being capable of being driven by using an output of the engine to charge an electric power storage,
the vehicle control apparatus comprising a controller,
the controller being programmed to: perform a parking assist operation for automatically parking the hybrid vehicle at a target position; and perform a first control operation,
the first control operation allowing the engine to stop, if an amount of the stored electric power in the electric power storage is larger than a first threshold value corresponding to an amount of the electric power at which the electric power storage needs to be charged, and the first control operation charging the electric power storage by driving the rotating electrical machine by using the output of the engine, if the amount of the stored electric power is smaller than the first threshold value,
the controller being programmed to: perform a second control operation instead of the first control operation during a first period from an assist start time at which the parking assist operation is requested to be performed to an assist completion time at which the parking assist operation completes the parking of the hybrid vehicle at the target position, and perform the first control operation without performing the second control operation during a second period other than the first period,
the second control operation putting the engine into a stopping state before a moving start time at which the parking assist operation starts to move the hybrid vehicle and forbidding the engine from being started after the moving start time, if the amount of the stored electric power at a timing before the moving start time is larger than a second threshold value corresponding to an amount of the electric power that is capable of completing the parking of the hybrid vehicle at the target position with the engine being kept in the stopping state, and the second control operation putting the engine into a driving state before the moving start time and forbidding the engine from stopping after the moving start time, if the amount of the stored electric power at the timing before the moving start time is smaller than the second threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,556,582

HYBRID VEHICLE AND MODE SWITCHING METHOD THEREFOR

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A mode switching method of a hybrid vehicle, the method comprising steps of:determining, by a hybrid controller, a reference on-power as a reference for switching from a first mode to a second mode and a reference off-power as a reference for switching from the second mode to the first mode;
determining, by the hybrid controller, a minimum on-power, a minimum off-power, and a maximum off-power; and
determining, by the hybrid controller, a final on-power and a final off-power using the reference on-power, the reference off-power, the minimum on-power, the minimum off-power, and the maximum off-power,
wherein the minimum on-power is a value obtained by adding a first margin power of an accelerator pedal and a second margin power to a first power during coasting.

US Pat. No. 10,556,581

METHOD FOR VEHICULAR HEATSTROKE PREVENTION

Scott Andrew Soifer, Law...

1. A method for preventing heatstroke by a living person or animal in a vehicle, the method comprising:detecting if an engine of the vehicle is off and, via a vehicle door sensor, if all doors of the vehicle are closed,
if the doors are closed, monitoring changes in carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the vehicle via a CO2 sensor to thereby detect the presence of a breathing person or animal in the vehicle;
after the presence of a breathing person or animal in the vehicle has been detected by the CO2 sensor, monitoring a temperature (T) inside the vehicle via a temperature sensor; and
if T reaches or exceeds a preset value (T1), activating the vehicle's air conditioning unit and/or lowering at least one of the vehicle's windows.

US Pat. No. 10,556,580

SIGNAL PROCESSING METHOD, SLIP DETECTION METHOD, CONTROL METHOD FOR VEHICLE, CONTROLLER FOR VEHICLE, AND VEHICLE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

7. A slip detection method comprising detecting occurrence of a slip of a vehicle by using a second-order differential value obtained by a method of processing a signal including noise at a constant interval, whereinthe method of processing the signal comprises
receiving a signal as a result of detection by a sensor and sampling the received signal at an interval shorter than the interval of the noise;
extracting a plurality of the sampled signals at an interval that is half of the interval of the noise;
calculating an arithmetic mean value on a group of the extracted signals; and
outputting a new signal being generated with the arithmetic mean value,
the sensor is provided to a drive system of the vehicle,
the signal as a result of the detection by the sensor is a signal as a result of detection by the sensor detecting a rotational angle of a motor connected to a propeller shaft of the vehicle, and
the new signal is a second-order differential value of the rotational angle of the motor.

US Pat. No. 10,556,579

DRIVE APPARATUS IN A SELF-PROPELLED CONSTRUCTION MACHINE

BOMAG GmbH, Boppard (DE)...

2. An apparatus in a self-propelled construction machine, comprising:a milling rotor and a main drive which can be coupled to the milling rotor via an engaging and disengaging clutch, and an auxiliary drive which can be coupled to the milling rotor alternatively by the clutch to the main drive;
the clutch being provided with a fixed input side and a displaceable output side, the displaceable output side being displaceable between an engaged position and a disengaged position, the displaceable output side also comprising an engaging and disengaging part of a shiftable transmission, a fixed part of the shiftable transmission being driven by the auxiliary drive, with the fixed part and the clutch being selectively engaged and disengaged via the displaceable output side of the clutch,
wherein the transmission includes a toothed gearing or a friction gearing.

US Pat. No. 10,556,578

ALARMING DEVICE FOR A PARKING BRAKE OF A VEHICLE

1. An alarming device for a vehicle, said device comprising:An ignition system manipulable in a switch-ON state and a switch-OFF state, said ignition system including a key hole and an ignition key, wherein said ignition system is in said switch-OFF state when said ignition key is removed from said key hole, wherein said ignition system is in said switch-ON state when said ignition key is mounted within said key hole, wherein said ignition system is an existing ignition system in a vehicle, wherein said ignition system additionally includes a sensor thereon configured to sense if said ignition system is in said switch-ON state or said switch-OFF state, wherein said vehicle is a tractor; and
A parking brake manipulable in a brake mode and a release mode, wherein said parking brake is an air brake system, said parking brake having a rectangular frame and includes a first knob and a second knob and further includes a first locking mechanism and a second locking mechanism, wherein said first locking mechanism and said second locking mechanism include a sensor thereon, wherein said sensor is connected to a brake system of said vehicle, wherein said first knob and said second knob are mounted adjacently next to each other on said rectangular frame, wherein said first knob includes a cylindrical body protruding perpendicularly from a center portion on a left side of said rectangular frame, wherein said first knob further includes a first knob member mounted to a protruding end of said cylindrical body, wherein said first knob member is hexagonal in shape and extends beyond the diameter of said cylindrical body, wherein said second knob includes a cylindrical body protruding perpendicularly from a center portion on a right side of said rectangular frame, wherein said second knob further includes a second knob member mounted to a protruding end of said cylindrical body, wherein said second knob member has a diamond shape, wherein said parking brake further includes alert devices to be activated when said ignition system is in said switch-OFF state and said parking brake being in said release mode or if said seatbelt is disengaged without activating said parking brake, wherein said parking brake is communicably mounted with said ignition system and to a locking mechanism for a seatbelt of said vehicle, wherein said seatbelt remains in a locked position upon said ignition system being in the switch-OFF state and the parking brake is in the release mode.

US Pat. No. 10,556,577

CONTROL DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A BRAKE SYSTEM OF A VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A control device for a brake system of a vehicle that includes a hydraulic device and a brake booster, the control device comprising:an electronic device coupled to the hydraulic device and the brake booster, wherein the electronic device is configured to:
determine, based on (a) a specified braking of a driver of the vehicle or of an automatic control system of the vehicle, (b) a first item of information relating to a current usability of the hydraulic device, and (c) a second item of information relating to a current usability of the brake booster of the brake system:
a first target portion of an increase of brake pressure in at least one wheel brake cylinder of the brake system by an amount corresponding to the specified braking that is to be provided by the hydraulic device; and
a second target portion of the increase that is to be provided by the brake booster; and
control at least one of the hydraulic device and the brake booster so that the first target portion is provided by the hydraulic device and the second target portion is provided by the brake booster, wherein at least one of the first item of information indicates whether a first energy source of the vehicle, which is connected to the hydraulic device via a first current supply network, has failed and the second item of information indicates whether a second energy source of the vehicle, which is connected to the brake booster via a second current supply network, has failed.

US Pat. No. 10,556,576

BRAKE BOOSTER AND BRAKE SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A brake booster for a brake master cylinder of a motor vehicle, the brake booster comprising:a drive motor; and
a gear unit that is configured to convert a rotational motion of the drive motor into a translational motion of a pressure piston to actuate the brake master cylinder and that includes:
a rotatable spindle nut including a first trapezoidal thread; and
a non-rotatable spindle rod including a second trapezoidal thread that intermesh with the first trapezoidal thread with a flank clearance and a tip clearance that are greater than a bottom clearance between the first and second threads;
wherein the spindle nut includes an external toothing that engages with an internal toothing of a drive ring gear of the gear unit.

US Pat. No. 10,556,575

BRAKING SYSTEM

AGCO International GmbH, ...

1. A braking system for an agricultural vehicle, the braking system comprising:a first master cylinder associated with a first brake pedal to control a left wheel brake;
a second master cylinder associated with a second brake pedal to control a right wheel brake;
a central selection valve to selectively apply brake fluid from a brake fluid supply to the left wheel brake, to the right wheel brake, or to both the left and right wheel brakes, wherein the operation of the central selection valve is based on the difference between the first master cylinder pressure and the second master cylinder pressure; and
a central proportional valve to supply brake fluid from the brake fluid supply to the central selection valve, the operation of the central proportional valve configured wherein:
when a pressure of the first and second master cylinders is greater than an upper threshold value, brake fluid is supplied via the central proportional valve to the central selection valve; and
when the pressure of the first and second master cylinders is less than the upper threshold value, brake fluid is not supplied via the central proportional valve to the central selection valve.

US Pat. No. 10,556,573

BRAKING CONTROL DEVICE FOR VEHICLE

ADVICS CO., LTD., Kariya...

1. A braking control device for a vehicle, the device comprising:an operation volume acquiring means configured to acquire an operation volume of a brake operation member of the vehicle;
a first wheel cylinder configured to apply brake torque on one side of left and right front wheels of the vehicle;
a second wheel cylinder configured to apply brake torque on another side of the left and right front wheels of the vehicle;
a first pressure-regulating mechanism configured to pressurize brake fluid in the first wheel cylinder;
a second pressure-regulating mechanism configured to pressurize brake fluid in the second wheel cylinder;
a normally-closed opening/closing means interposed on a connection fluid path connecting the first wheel cylinder and the second wheel cylinder, and configured to selectively produce a flowing state and an interrupted state of the brake fluid between the first wheel cylinder and the second wheel cylinder; and
a control means configured to control the first and second pressure-regulating mechanisms and the opening/closing means based on the operation volume,
wherein the control means:
determines whether or not an operation on the brake operation member is a sudden operation based on the operation volume;
brings the opening/closing means to be in the flowing state and increases pressure of the brake fluid in the first and second wheel cylinders using the first and second pressure-regulating mechanisms in a case of determining that the operation on the brake operation member is a sudden operation; and
brings the opening/closing means to be in the interrupted state, increases the pressure of the brake fluid in the first wheel cylinder using the first pressure-regulating mechanism, and increases the pressure of the brake fluid in the second wheel cylinder using the second pressure-regulating mechanism in a case of determining that the operation on the brake operation member is not a sudden operation,
wherein the first pressure-regulating mechanism comprises:
a first control cylinder including a first inner hole;
a first control piston fitted in the first inner hole of the first control cylinder in a fluid-tight manner and defining a first control cylinder chamber communicating with the first wheel cylinder in the first inner hole; and
a first electric motor configured to reciprocate the first control piston in an axial direction within the first inner hole to increase and decrease a volume of the first control cylinder chamber, and
wherein the second pressure-regulating mechanism comprises:
a second control cylinder including a second inner hole;
a second control piston fitted in the second inner hole of the second control cylinder in a fluid-tight manner and defining a second control cylinder chamber communicating with the second wheel cylinder in the second inner hole; and
a second electric motor configured to reciprocate the second control piston in an axial direction within the second inner hole to increase and decrease a volume of the second control cylinder chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,556,572

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR LOWERING AND RAISING A TRAILER

1. An apparatus for driving a drive shaft within the landing gear of a semi-trailer comprising:a handle shaft removably coupled to the drive shaft of the landing gear;
a collar removably coupled to the handle shaft;
a shift lever configured to selectively couple and decouple the collar to and from the handle shaft;
a motorized gear assembly coupled to the collar;
an adjustable handle coupled to the handle shaft;
a bracket removably coupled to an upper portion of the landing gear; and
a telescoping brace comprising a distal and a proximal end, wherein the proximal end is coupled to a lower portion of the gearbox and wherein the distal end is removably coupled to the bracket.

US Pat. No. 10,556,571

FOREIGN MATTER REMOVAL DEVICE AND VEHICLE EQUIPPED WITH FOREIGN MATTER REMOVAL DEVICE

KOITO MANUFACTURING CO., ...

1. A foreign matter removal device which removes foreign matters on a lens of an in-vehicle camera attached to a vehicle so that the lens of the in-vehicle camera is exposed toward the outside of a body panel of a vehicle, the foreign matter removal device comprising:a high-pressure air generation unit that includes a generation unit having a drive source and configured to generate high-pressure air using the drive source, and a housing covering the generation unit; and
a plate-shaped adhesive member that includes an adhesion layer elastically deformable along at least a part of a surface shape of a panel member constituting the vehicle,
wherein the housing is attached to the panel member via the adhesive member in surface contact with the panel member.

US Pat. No. 10,556,570

BEARING DEVICE

DENSO WIPER SYSTEMS, INC....

2. The bearing device of claim 1, wherein the inside bushing part is made of stainless steel.

US Pat. No. 10,556,569

VEHICULAR WIPER DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Aichi...

1. A vehicular wiper device comprising:a first wiper arm including a distal end portion to which a first wiper blade is coupled to wipe a wiping surface of a vehicle;
a first drive source directly or indirectly fixed to a vehicle body;
a swing mechanism driven by drive force of the first drive source to swing the first wiper arm back and forth;
a second drive source separate from the first drive source and directly or indirectly fixed to the vehicle body;
an extending mechanism driven by drive force of the second drive source to extend or draw the first wiper arm in its longitudinal direction; and
a controller that drives and controls the first drive source and the second drive source to extend or draw the first wiper arm with the extending mechanism in correspondence with a swinging action of the first wiper arm produced with the swing mechanism,
wherein
the swing mechanism is a swing link mechanism, and the swing link mechanism includes:
a first drive lever including a basal end portion that is pivotal about a first axis located at a fixed position relative to the vehicle body, wherein the first drive lever is pivoted by the drive force of the first drive source; and
a second driven lever pivoted when the first drive lever is pivoted and moved integrally with the first wiper arm,
wherein
the extending mechanism is an axis moving mechanism that moves a swing axis of the second driven lever in a top-to-bottom direction of the wiping surface with the drive force of the second drive source, and
wherein
the axis moving mechanism includes a second drive lever including a basal end portion that is pivotal about a second axis located at a fixed position relative to the vehicle body, wherein the second drive lever is pivoted by the drive force of the second drive source.

US Pat. No. 10,556,568

USER AUTHENTICATION ACTIVATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

GENTEX CORPORATION, Zeel...

1. A vehicle occupant identification system comprising:a detection system including a proximity sensor configured to detect that an individual is proximate a vehicle;
a secondary sensor that detects when the individual is in position for identification;
a controller operably coupled with the secondary sensor and configured to activate an identification system, the identification system including an imager configured to illuminate an eye of an occupant of the vehicle and capture at least one image of an iris and a pupil of the eye; and
a processor configured to compare the at least one image of the iris of the eye of the occupant with previously stored iris information to identify the occupant and activate the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,556,567

MOBILE TERMINAL AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A watch type mobile terminal comprising:a wrist band;
a main system including a circuit board for operating the watch type mobile terminal;
a main frame connected to the wrist band and encasing the main system;
a fob detachably connected to the main system; and
a display detachably connected to the fob,
wherein the fob includes:
a first connector configured to be connected to a connector of the main system when the fob is connected to the main system; and
a second connector configured to be connected to a connector of the display when the display is connected to the fob, and
wherein the connector of the display is configured to be connected to the connector of the main system when the fob is separated and the display is connected to the main system.

US Pat. No. 10,556,565

CURTAIN AIRBAG APPARATUS

HYUNDAI MOBIS CO., LTD., ...

1. A curtain airbag apparatus of a vehicle comprising:an inflator part configured to generate gas in response to a collision;
an airbag connected to the inflator part and configured to inflate using the gas from the inflator part, wherein the airbag comprises a main cushion part and a secondary cushion part; and
a cushion mounting guide coupled to a vehicle body, wherein the cushion mounting guide extends between a first end and a second end, wherein the first end is fixed to the vehicle body and the second end is coupled to the airbag,
wherein, in a folded state of the airbag, the secondary cushion part is located on one side of the cushion mounting guide and the main cushion part is disposed on the other side of the cushion mounting guide such that the second end of the cushion mounting guide is interposed between the secondary cushion part and the main cushion part and further such that the secondary cushion part is located between the vehicle body and the cushion mounting guide,
wherein, when the airbag inflates, the secondary cushion part is configured to inflate between the cushion mounting guide and the vehicle body to push the second end of the cushion mounting guide and the main cushion part away from the vehicle body, and the main cushion part is configured to inflate in a state that the main cushion part has moved away from the vehicle body.

US Pat. No. 10,556,564

ROOF AIRBAG APPARATUS

Hyundai Mobis Co., Ltd., ...

1. A roof airbag apparatus, comprising:a roof airbag cushion disposed in a folded state in a panorama roof and configured to inflate and deploy as gas is supplied from an inflator; and
a diffuser disposed in the roof airbag cushion and configured to guide a deployment of the roof airbag cushion in a width direction of a vehicle when the roof airbag cushion is inflated,
wherein:
the diffuser comprises:
a partition wall part disposed on a rear side of the diffuser and configured to block gas supplied from the inflator from flowing to the rear side of the vehicle; and
a gas discharge part connected with the partition wall part and configured to extend in the width direction of the vehicle and form flow paths of gas;
the roof airbag cushion comprises:
a leading deployment part having the diffuser disposed therein, and configured to inflate and deploy by gas supplied from the inflator; and
a trailing deployment part connected with the leading deployment part and configured to inflate and deploy within a time interval from the leading deployment part; and
the leading deployment part comprises:
a first chamber portion having the diffuser disposed therein and configured to deploy in the width direction of the vehicle;
a second chamber portion connected with the first chamber portion and configured to deploy from the first chamber portion toward the rear side of the vehicle;
a third chamber portion connected with and disposed inside the second chamber portion and configured to deploy from the second chamber portion toward a front side of the vehicle; and
a fourth chamber portion connected with and disposed inside the third chamber portion and configured to deploy from the third chamber portion toward the rear side of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,556,563

HEADREST AIRBAG FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A headrest airbag for a vehicle, comprising:a pair of airbag cushions disposed in a headrest,
wherein the airbag cushions are deployed forward from opposite sides of an occupant's head by being supplied with gas from an inflator,
wherein the airbag cushions have front end portions that protrude to face each other when deployed, and
wherein each of the airbag cushions includes:
an outer chamber disposed at a side of the occupant's head when deployed by being supplied with the gas from the inflator; and
an inner chamber disposed in a front end portion of the outer chamber, deployed by being supplied with the gas from the outer chamber, and disposed in front of the occupant's head when deployed.

US Pat. No. 10,556,562

OCCUPANT PROTECTION APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE

SUBARU CORPORATION, Toky...

1. An occupant protection device for a vehicle, the occupant protection device comprising:a seat on which an occupant to board the vehicle is to sit;
a three-point seatbelt device including a seatbelt extendable, across a front of an upper body of the occupant sitting on the seat, from above either one shoulder of the occupant to an outer surface of the seat and further to an inner surface of the seat; and
a belt airbag device comprising a belt airbag that is provided at a shoulder belt section, which is extendable from the shoulder to a waist of the occupant, of the seatbelt, the belt airbag being configured to be deployed below a jaw of the occupant sitting on the seat when a collision occurs,
wherein the belt airbag comprises:
a belt-direction deployment section extendable and deployable along the shoulder belt section, disposing below a head of the occupant sitting on the seat; and
an intersecting-direction deployment section, splitting from the belt-direction deployment section, being extendable and deployable in a direction intersecting the shoulder belt section, and disposing below the head of the occupant sitting on the seat,
wherein the belt-direction deployment section and the intersecting-direction deployment section are configured to form a single bag by being coupled to each other below the head of the occupant sitting on the seat, and
wherein a filler that fills a space between the belt-direction deployment section and the intersecting-direction deployment section is formed above an area where the belt-direction deployment section and the intersecting-direction deployment section are coupled to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,556,561

VEHICLE FRONT PORTION STRUCTURE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A vehicle front portion structure comprising:a bumper cover;
a bumper absorber provided rearward of the bumper cover of a vehicle, the bumper absorber being configured to absorb energy of a collision between the bumper cover and a collision body during the collision while allowing the bumper cover to move rearward;
a front grill provided rearward of the bumper cover of the vehicle and above the bumper absorber, the front grill being configured to move rearward along with the bumper cover during the collision between the bumper cover and the collision body;
a radar device attached to the front grill; and
a deformation limiting member attached to at least one of the front grill and the radar device to be positioned outside a radio wave irradiation range of the radar device and in a space between the radar device and the front grill or the bumper cover, the deformation limiting member being configured to limit deformation of the front grill or the bumper cover to a radar device side during the collision between the bumper cover and the collision body.

US Pat. No. 10,556,560

VEHICLE ROCKER GUARD WITH INTEGRATED PIVOTING STORABLE STEP

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A guard for a vehicle comprising:a support tube;
a pivoting step including a pivot tube portion movable about the support tube between a stowed position and a deployed position and a step portion, wherein the support tube and pivot tube portion comprise round tubes with the pivot tube supported for rotation on an outer circumference of the support tube; and
a spring member disposed between the support tube and pivot tube biasing the pivot tube toward one of the stowed position and deployed position.

US Pat. No. 10,556,559

UNIFORM DECELERATION UNIT

Tesseract Structural Inno...

1. A device comprising:first and second crash pads; and
a connection beam disposed between the first and second crash pads;
wherein the first and second crash pads and the connection beam are adapted to deform both elastically and plastically to absorb and dissipate energy by converting kinetic energy into strain energy, wherein at least ten percent of the kinetic energy of an automobile is converted into strain energy.

US Pat. No. 10,556,558

VEHICLE SEAT CONNECTION SYSTEM

Faurecia Automotive Seati...

1. A vehicle seat for supporting an occupant in the seated position in a vehicle, the vehicle seat comprisinga seat frame for securing with the vehicle, the seat frame defining a mounting platform,
a seat module including a body adapted for mounting on the mounting platform and defining a module surface for receiving the occupant in the seated position, the seat module including at least one functional device using a utility service for operation, and
a utility service connection system for providing connection to communicate at least two modes of utility service, the utility service connection system including a unitary connector having at least one device-side communication line for communicating utility service with the at least one functional device and at least one vehicle-side communication line for communicating utility service with at least one utility server, the unitary connector includes a connector body having a male connector and a female connector for engagement to communicate utility service,
wherein the male connector includes a first utility jack and a second utility jack and the female connector including a first utility port formed complimentary to receive the first utility jack and a second utility port formed complimentary to receive the second utility jack, wherein connection of the first utility jack and the first utility port communicates a first mode of utility service and connection of the second utility jack and the second utility port communicates a second mode of utility service.

US Pat. No. 10,556,557

MOVING OBJECT

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A moving object that moves on a road surface, the moving object comprising:a box-shaped accommodation unit that is provided on an outer surface of an automobile body, wherein
the accommodation unit detachably accommodates a detection device for detecting suspended matters in an air nearby the automobile body,
the accommodation unit includes
a detection accommodation region in which the detection device is accommodated,
a wiring accommodation region in which a wiring member connected to the detection device is accommodated,
at least one detection rib provided at a position facing an outer edge of the detection accommodation region, the at least one detection rib restricts shaking of the detection device accommodated in the detection accommodation region,
an opening portion that is exposed to an outside, and
a housing door that covers the opening portion and is openable and closable,
positions of the detection accommodation region and the wiring accommodation region are different from each other in a placing direction when a direction from an inside of the accommodation unit to the outside through the opening portion is set as the placing direction.

US Pat. No. 10,556,556

DEPLOYABLE TEXTILE STRUCTURES WITH MULTIPLE-STABLE-STATE CHARACTERISTICS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A deployable structure with multiple stable states, the deployable structure comprising:an elastic substrate including a textile sheet; and
an articulating framework mounted on the textile sheet,
wherein the articulating framework and the textile sheet are cooperatively configured to transition between: a first stable state in which the deployable structure maintains a substantially planar shape; a second stable state in which the deployable structure maintains a first multidimensional topography; and a third stable state in which the deployable structure maintains a second multidimensional topography distinct from the first multidimensional topography.

US Pat. No. 10,556,555

PROCESS FOR PROVIDING A VEHICULAR CAMERA

MAGNA ELECTRONICS INC., ...

1. A process for providing a vehicular camera suitable for mounting and use at a vehicle, said process comprising:providing a front camera housing portion;
wherein the front camera housing portion accommodates a lens, an imager and a circuit board;
wherein the circuit board has at least one front housing electrical connector thereon;
providing a rear camera housing portion;
wherein the rear camera housing portion comprises at least one rear housing electrical connector;
positioning the front and rear camera housing portions so that the at least one front housing electrical connector aligns with the at least one rear housing electrical connector;
joining the front and rear camera housing portions together to define a camera housing interior;
wherein, when the front and rear camera housing portions are joined together, the at least one front housing electrical connector mechanically and electrically connects within the camera housing interior with the at least one rear housing electrical connector; and
wherein joining the front and rear camera housing portions together comprises sealingly joining the front and rear camera housing portions together.

US Pat. No. 10,556,554

MOUNTING STRUCTURE OF CAMERA

TOYODA GOSEI CO., LTD., ...

1. A mounting structure of a camera, comprising:a camera configured to capture an image corresponding to at least a part of surroundings of a vehicle; and
a decorative member configured to be mounted on an exterior component of the vehicle and to cover the camera, wherein:
the decorative member and the exterior component are fixed and closely contacted with each other, and the decorative member covers the camera in such a manner that the camera is not disturbed when capturing the image; and
the camera is disposed in a region of an inside of the decorative member from an external surface of the decorative member;
the camera is disposed in the inside of the decorative member; and the decorative member is a half-mirror structure;
a tip end part in which a lens is disposed in the camera is fitted into a recessed part formed on an internal surface of the decorative member;
a portion corresponding to a viewing range of the camera in the decorative member is transparent or translucent; and
the decorative member is bonded to the exterior component to prevent water from entering the region inside the decorative member, which is occupied by the camera.

US Pat. No. 10,556,553

VEHICLE CAMERA MOUNTING INTERFACES

Veoneer US, Inc., Southf...

1. A vehicle camera assembly, comprising:a camera configured for being coupled to a vehicle;
a bracket configured for being coupled with the camera;
a camera mounting interface positioned on the camera; and
a bracket mounting interface positioned on the bracket,
wherein at least one of the bracket mounting interface and the camera mounting interface comprises a plurality of protruding coupling members,
wherein at least one of the camera mounting interface and the bracket mounting interface comprises a plurality of clips configured to releasably receive the plurality of protruding coupling members to releasably couple the camera to the bracket, and
wherein at least a portion of each of the protruding coupling members defines, at least in part, an at least substantially spherical surface.

US Pat. No. 10,556,552

SENSOR DEVICE, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR PROTECTING AN OCCUPANT, IN PARTICULAR A DRIVER, OF A VEHICLE FROM A GLARE, AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A sensor apparatus for a system for protecting an occupant of a vehicle from being blinded by light sources situated outside of the vehicle, comprising:a projection area structure having a curved surface and being disposed inside a cabin of the vehicle;
a shadow-casting object, the object being arranged and/or configured such that at least one shadow of the object is cast onto the projection area structure when the object is illuminated by at least one light source situated outside of the vehicle;
an image capturing device which is configured to capture an image of the shadow of the object cast onto the projection area structure; and
a control device which is configured to determine at least one property of the at least one light source on the basis of the captured image of the shadow of the object cast onto the projection area structure.

US Pat. No. 10,556,551

CARRIER DEVICE FOR ATTACHMENT TO A PANE OF A MOTOR VEHICLE AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Daimler AG, Stuttgart (D...

1. A carrier device for attachment to a pane of a motor vehicle, comprising:a base plate which is securable on the pane; and
a carrier arrangement formed on the base plate to hold a housing of a camera;
wherein the carrier arrangement includes:
at least one holding element, wherein a pressure is applyable directly by the at least one holding element to a rod-shaped component which is disposed on the housing and protrudes beyond a wall of the housing, wherein the pressure acts in a direction of the base plate, and wherein the at least one holding element has a base body; and
a spring element, wherein the spring element is a separate component from the at least one holding element and the base body and is attached to the base body of the at least one holding element and wherein the spring element includes an angled leg in contact with the base body and a securing element contactable with a region of the base body which is opposite the angled leg.

US Pat. No. 10,556,550

TERMINAL MOUNTING SUPPORT

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A terminal mounting support, adapted to fix a terminal onto a fixing member, comprising:a first support and a second support oppositely arranged, wherein the first support is fixedly connected to the second support, and at least one of the first support and the second support is provided with a connection structure capable of being fixedly connected to the terminal;
a first buffer material layer arranged between the first support and the second support, wherein an accommodation space for accommodating at least a portion of the fixing member is in the first buffer material layer; and
a second buffer material layer on a side of the second support facing away from the first support, wherein a surface of the second buffer material layer facing away from the second support is a positioning mounting surface to be attached to the terminal, and the second buffer material layer is made of a silica gel material;
wherein the first support comprises a first curved portion, the second support comprises a second curved portion opposite to the first curved portion, and the first curved portion and the second curved portion each is around the accommodation space,
the first support further comprises a first flat plate portion and a second flat plate portion respectively extending from two sides of the first curved portion, a third flat plate portion connected to the first flat plate portion, and a fourth flat plate portion connected to the second flat plate portion, the third flat plate portion and the fourth flat plate portion are arranged along a same plane and respectively located in planes different from the first flat plate portion and the second flat plate portion, an angle is formed between the first flat plate portion and the second flat plate portion,
the second support further comprises a fifth flat plate portion and a sixth flat plate portion extending respectively from two sides of the second curved portion, a seventh flat plate portion connected to the fifth flat plate portion, and an eighth flat plate portion connected to the sixth flat plate portion, the seventh flat plate portion and the eighth flat plate portion are arranged along a same plane and respectively located in planes different from the fifth flat plate portion and the sixth flat plate portion, an angle is formed between the fifth flat plate portion and the sixth flat plate portion, and
at least two second protrusions are arranged on surfaces of the first support facing away from the second support, a first one of the at least two second protrusions is fixed onto the surfaces of the first flat plate portion and the third flat plate portion of the first support, and a second one of the at least two second protrusions is fixed onto the surfaces of the second flat plate portion and the fourth flat plate portion of the first support.

US Pat. No. 10,556,548

ADJUSTABLE ROOF RACK FOR A VEHICLE

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. An adjustment mechanism for a roof rack of a vehicle, the roof rack having a roof rail and a crossbar, the adjustment mechanism comprising:a first pin connectable to the crossbar;
a second pin connectable to the roof rail;
a housing assembly disposed on the second pin, the housing assembly including a bearing and a first biasing member both disposed within the housing assembly, the bearing translatable within the housing assembly, the biasing member disposed between the bearing and the housing assembly to bias the bearing member, the first pin disposed through the bearing; and
a second biasing member disposed on the second pin between the roof rail and the housing assembly to bias the housing assembly,
wherein the first pin is rotatable within the bearing to rotate the crossbar, the first pin is translatable with the bearing to move the crossbar in a first direction and a second direction, and the housing assembly is translatable along the second pin to move the crossbar in a third direction and a fourth direction.

US Pat. No. 10,556,547

ROOF RAIL

DURA OPERATING, LLC, Aub...

1. A roof rail, designed for fastening to a roof structure of a motor vehicle, comprising a rail profile and, in at least one sub-portion, a decorative profile for forming at least a first decorative surface, wherein the rail profile has a fastening leg on which fastening means act when the roof rail is mounted as intended on the roof structure, in order to secure the rail profile to the roof structure, and the decorative profile is connected load-free to the rail profile via the fastening leg,wherein the fastening means act on the fastening leg of the rail profile such that a load acting on the rail profile is introduced directly via the fastening means into the roof structure without a detour via the decorative profile.

US Pat. No. 10,556,546

TUBE MOUNTS FOR USE ON TUBULAR FEATURES OF VEHICLES TO MOUNT A VARIETY OF VEHICLE ACCESSORIES

1. A device for mounting a fixture onto a tubular structure of a vehicle, the device comprisingan extended mounting member having an inner surface defining a channel with opposing inner surfaces shaped to fit onto a span along an outer surface of the tubular structure, wherein
the opposing inner surfaces are configured for contact with the span along an entire length of the extended mounting member, and
the extended mounting member has a flat outer mounting portion configured to mount the fixture; and
a plurality of securing members, wherein
each securing member has an inner surface shaped to fit onto an outer surface of the tubular structure at a respective location along the extended mounting member; and
each securing member configured to attach to the extended mounting member at the respective location such that the tubular structure is securely trapped between the securing member and the extended mounting member, whereby
the plurality of securing members are thereby configured to securely attach the extended mounting member to the tubular structure.

US Pat. No. 10,556,545

OVER-CAB RACK FOR TRAFFIC DELINEATORS

1. An over-cab rack for supporting a plurality of substantially horizontally oriented nested stacks of barrel-like traffic delineators, with the rack comprising:a) a plurality of pairs of elongate, tubular rails, with each pair being formed from material suitable to support one of the pairs of horizontally oriented nested stacks of barrel-like traffic delineators;
b) support structure connected to each of the rails of the pairs of elongate tubular rails to support the rails in a forward-rearward orientation that overlies a cab of a flat bed truck;
c) a plurality of hoop structures each being sized to permit the relatively smaller forward end region of a different one of the barrel-like traffic delineators that forms the nested stacks to be inserted therethrough to support the relatively smaller forward end regions; and
d) with each of the pairs of rails being substantially equally spaced apart to permit relatively larger rear end regions of the nested stacks of barrel-like delineators carried atop the pairs of rails to have the rear end regions of the nested stacks of barrel-like delineators supported by an associated pair of the rails.

US Pat. No. 10,556,544

RETRACTABLE SUPPORT

1. A retractable support, comprising:a base, including:
a first section including a first surface; and,
a second section connected to the first section; and,
an arm rotatably and translationally connected to the base, the arm including:
a third section engaged with the second section, the third section including a second surface, a third surface, and a fourth surface; and,
a fourth section connected to the third section;
wherein, the arm is arranged to:
translationally displace relative to the base to lock and unlock the retractable support; and,
rotationally displace relative to the base to expand and retract the support.

US Pat. No. 10,556,543

GEOMETRICALLY SHAPED ELLIPSOID VEHICULAR MIRROR

ROSCO, INC., Jamaica, NY...

1. A vehicle mirror assembly comprising:a base comprising a major axis and a minor axis;
a dome lens having a dome lens radius of curvature, said dome lens is formed by an oval shape and a cross section of the oval shape comprises a combination of two geometric shapes to eliminate a reflection or reflective surface, said dome lens further comprising:
a center surface portion having a center surface radius of curvature, said center surface radius substantially perpendicular to the major axis;
a first peripheral surface portion having a first peripheral surface radius of curvature, said first peripheral surface radius of curvature is greater than said center surface radius of curvature; and
a second peripheral surface portion positioned on opposing side of the first peripheral surface portion and having a second peripheral surface radius of curvature, said second peripheral surface radius of curvature is greater than said center surface radius of curvature.

US Pat. No. 10,556,542

REAR BACKUP SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

MAGNA ELECTRONICS INC., ...

1. A rear backup system for a vehicle, said rear backup system comprising:a rear backup video camera disposed at a rear portion of a vehicle equipped with said rear backup system;
said rear backup video camera having a rearward field of view external of the equipped vehicle;
wherein said rear backup video camera is operable to capture image data rearward of the equipped vehicle during a rear backup maneuver of the equipped vehicle;
a display device comprising a video screen operable to display video images derived at least in part from image data captured by said rear backup video camera for viewing by a driver of the equipped vehicle who is operating the equipped vehicle;
wherein video images derived at least in part from image data captured by said rear backup video camera are displayed by said video screen of said display device when a transmission of the equipped vehicle is shifted into reverse gear by the driver;
wherein an overlay is displayed with video images derived at least in part from image data captured by said rear backup video camera during maneuvering of the equipped vehicle to connect a trailer hitch of the equipped vehicle to a trailer tongue of a trailer;
wherein said overlay displayed with video images derived at least in part from image data captured by said rear backup video camera guides the driver when hitching the trailer hitch of the equipped vehicle to the trailer tongue of the trailer;
wherein, when the trailer hitch of the equipped vehicle is within the field of view of said rear backup video camera, said overlay guides the driver to connect the trailer hitch of the equipped vehicle to the trailer tongue of the trailer; and
wherein display by said video screen of said video device of video images derived at least in part from image data captured by said rear backup video camera continues during short term forward movement of the equipped vehicle when maneuvering the equipped vehicle to connect the trailer hitch of the equipped vehicle to the trailer tongue of the trailer.

US Pat. No. 10,556,541

VEHICLE PERIPHERY MONITORING DEVICE AND VEHICLE PERIPHERY MONITORING SYSTEM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A vehicle periphery monitoring system comprising:a vehicle; and
a server, wherein
the vehicle includes:
a vehicle-mounted camera configured to capture an image of the exterior of the vehicle;
a display configured to display the image;
a location information acquisition unit configured to acquire location information on the vehicle;
a control unit configured to determine whether or not to carry out vehicle exterior image display to output the image acquired from the vehicle-mounted camera to the display, on the basis of instructions from a user or information received from the server; and
a communication unit configured to (i) periodically send the location information on the vehicle as first location information to the server and (ii) when the user manually carries out the vehicle exterior image display, send the location information on the vehicle as second location information to the server,
the server includes:
a storage unit configured to store information relating to a plurality of caution points, each of which is a location where use of the vehicle-mounted camera is recommended, and the number of times a plurality of the users have manually carried out vehicle exterior image display at each of the plurality of the caution points, in association with each other; and
a determination unit configured to generate caution information for determining whether to use the vehicle-mounted camera or not on the basis of the information stored in the storage unit and send the generated caution information to the vehicle, when the first location information is received.

US Pat. No. 10,556,540

VEHICLE SURROUNDINGS MONITORING APPARATUS

SUBARU CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A vehicle surroundings monitoring apparatus comprising:at least one processor; and
a memory storing instructions, which when executed by the at least one processor, cause the at least one processor to perform operations comprising:
receiving, from one or more sensors on an own vehicle, an image of an environment surrounding the own vehicle;
generating, based on the image of the environment surrounding the own vehicle, a first image of a view of a forward region of the own vehicle that is viewed from a perspective point of an occupant who drives the own vehicle through a windshield of the own vehicle at a time of manual driving, the forward region of the own vehicle being a part of the environment surrounding the own vehicle, the first image being in a shape of the windshield of the own vehicle as viewed from the perspective point of the occupant of the own vehicle;
generating, based on the image of the environment surrounding the own vehicle, a second image of a view of a first rearward region of the own vehicle that is viewed from a perspective of the occupant via a first rear monitoring drive at the time of manual driving;
displaying, on an image display facing the occupant of the own vehicle, the first image so that a point of the first image is set at a mid-point of the image display in a lateral direction of the image display, the point of the first image corresponding to a point of the forward region directly in front of the occupant; and
displaying, on the image display facing the occupant of the own vehicle, the second image so that the second image is displayed apart from the first image at a predetermined distance,
generating, based on the image of the environment surrounding the own vehicle, a third image of a view of a second rearward region of the own vehicle that is viewed from a perspective point of the occupant via a second rear monitoring device at the time of manual driving; and
displaying, on the image display facing the occupant of the own vehicle, the third image so that the third image is displayed in an upper region of the first image,
wherein the second image is displayed adjacent to a lower region of the first image disposed opposite to the upper region in a vertical direction.

US Pat. No. 10,556,539

TAILGATE INDICATOR LIGHT

1. A tailgate position sensor installed on a pickup truck, comprising:a sensor transmitter located in tailgate jamb area, said sensor transmitter generates a wireless signal; and,
an alarm receiver designed to connect to a cigarette lighter plug, said alarm receiver is a portable device and,
wherein said sensor transmitter is installed in place of an existing latch bolt provided in a tailgate jamb area.

US Pat. No. 10,556,538

VEHICLE ROOF ELEMENT

ROOF SYSTEMS GERMANY GMBH...

1. A vehicle roof element, including a glass pane having an exterior side and an interior side, and a transparent sealing compound which is fastened to the glass pane on the inside, at least one LED and at least one electrical line embedded in the sealing compound, the electrical line electrically contacting the LED, and the at least one LED and the at least one electrical line being arranged on a flexible foil, the sealing compound being an injection-molded part attached to the flexible foil by injection molding, wherein an agglomerate layer is arranged at least in regions on the glass pane and comprises agglomerates which are spaced apart from each other and are upwardly widened at least in sections, the agglomerate layer having an average gap width in the range of 3 to 500 nm due to the spaced apart agglomerates.

US Pat. No. 10,556,537

VEHICLE MESSAGING SYSTEM

1. A vehicle messaging system, comprising:a transparent member attached to a surface of a window of a motorized vehicle;
a message attached to the transparent member;
a light unit spaced apart from the message such that the light unit does not obscure a line of sight through the transparent member, wherein the light unit illuminates the message when the light unit is activated and wherein the light unit does not illuminate the message when the light unit is deactivated, wherein the message is viewable by a person outside of the motorized vehicle when the light unit is activated and wherein the message is not viewable by a person outside of the motorized vehicle when the light unit is deactivated; and
a control unit in communication with the light unit, wherein the control unit determines a state of a turn signal controller of the motorized vehicle, wherein the control unit is programmed to automatically activate the light unit after the turn signal controller transitions from having a turn signal activated to having a turn signal deactivated.

US Pat. No. 10,556,536

ILLUMINATED VEHICULAR ASSEMBLY FOR DAY AND NIGHT USE

1. A luminescent indicia assembly comprising:a mounting surface displaying a first color;
a luminescent planar sheet affixed to said mounting surface and constructed to provide a non-luminescent and a luminescent indicia, said luminescent planar sheet including a non-luminescent printed circuit board, said printed circuit board having one or more layers of non-electrically conducting substrates and a plurality of electrically conducting pathways; said printed circuit board having a top surface displaying a second color which contrasts with said mounting surface's first color, said luminescent planar sheet including a plurality of light sources surface mounted upon said printed circuit board which are electrically connected to said electrically conducting pathways, and said light sources are mounted substantially uniformly upon said printed circuit board and mounted so as to emit light in a direction perpendicular to said mounting surface; and
a power source for providing power to said one or more luminescent planar sheets.

US Pat. No. 10,556,535

ROTATABLY-MOUNTED HEADLIGHT FOR A SINGLE-TRACK MOTOR VEHICLE, AND SINGLE-TRACK MOTOR VEHICLE WITH A ROTATABLY-MOUNTED HEADLIGHT

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A headlight for a single-track motor vehicle, comprising:a supporting part;
a light module connected to the supporting part;
a first bearing device, with which the light module is rotatably supported about a first main axis relative to the supporting part;
a second bearing device, with which the light module is rotatably supported on the first bearing device about a second main axis perpendicular to the first main axis; and
a coupling device having at a first coupling device end coupled to the supporting part, and a second coupling device end coupled to the light module at a location on the light module that is closer to the supporting part than the second bearing device, the coupling device being arranged to couple the light module to the supporting part such that during a rotation about the first main axis, the light module is rotated about the second main axis while the first coupling device end remains stationary relative to the supporting part.

US Pat. No. 10,556,534

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TRANSPORTING CARGO OVER A CARGO BED

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a first rail having a first key and a second key;
a first track member including (a) a first keyway having a first end and a second end, (b) a second keyway axially aligned with said first end and (c) a third keyway axially aligned with said second end;
a second rail having a third key and a fourth key and a second track member including (a) a fourth keyway having a third end and a fourth end, (b) a fifth keyway aligned with the third end and (c) a sixth keyway aligned with the fourth end; and
a tonneau cover inboard of said first track member and said second track member.

US Pat. No. 10,556,533

VEHICLE SEATBACK SUPPORT ELEMENT TO RESIST PIVOTING MOVEMENT OF SEATBACK WHEN FORCE IS APPLIED TO THE SEATBACK

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a seating assembly including a seatback pivotally movable relative to a seat about an axis, the seatback including a bottom portion and a top portion disposed further away from the axis than the bottom portion;
a floor portion supporting the seating assembly; and
a seatback support element resisting pivotal movement of the seatback about the axis, the seatback support element comprising:
a first portion coupled to the vehicle at a position other than the seatback;
a second portion where the seatback interacts with the seatback support element; and
a third portion coupled to the vehicle at a position other than the seatback;
wherein, the second portion is between the first portion and the third portion along a length of the seatback support element;
wherein, at least one of the first portion or the third portion is coupled to the vehicle via a roller that applies pre-tension to the seatback support element; and
wherein, the first portion is coupled to the vehicle at a position forward of the axis of the seatback and the third portion is coupled to the vehicle at a position rearward of the axis of the seatback.

US Pat. No. 10,556,532

SEATING SYSTEM HAVING SEAT WITH INDIVIDUALLY CONTROLLABLE THERMAL UNITS

Lear Corporation, Southf...

1. A seating system comprising:a seat;
first, second, and third sets of serially-connected thermal units individually positioned at respective locations in first, second, and third zones, respectively, within the seat corresponding to anatomical locations of a person sitting in the seat, the thermal units to generate heat when activated;
a switching assembly connected to a power supply, the switching assembly having first, second, and third input ports and first and second output ports;
a first switch having fourth and fifth input ports and third, fourth, and fifth output ports;
a second switch having sixth and seventh input ports and sixth and seventh output ports;
wherein the first set of thermal units is connected between the switching assembly and the first switch by being connected between the first output port and the fourth input port, the second set of thermal units is connected between the first switch and the second switch by being connected between the fourth output port and the seventh input port, and the third set of thermal units is connected between the second switch and the switching assembly by being connected between the seventh output port and the third input port;
wherein the switching assembly and the first switch are directly connected via the first input port and the third output port, the switching assembly and the second switch are directly connected via the second input port and the sixth output port, and the first switch and the second switch are directly connected via the fifth output port and the sixth input port;
a plurality of individually selectable and controllable air bladders individually positioned at respective locations within the seat corresponding to at least some of the anatomical locations of the person sitting in the seat, the air bladders to inflate and deflate when activated;
wherein at least some of the thermal units are respectively positioned in front of an A-side of at least some of the air bladders;
a plurality of fidget sensors individually positioned at respective locations within the seat corresponding to at least some of the anatomical locations of the person sitting in the seat, the fidget sensors to detect locations of fidgeting of the person sitting in the seat, wherein the fidget sensors are piezo sensors;
a controller to control the switching assembly, the first switch, and the second switch to deliver electrical current from the power supply through
(I) the first output port across the first set of thermal units to the fourth input port to activate and control temperature settings of the first set of thermal units and therefrom through
(A) the third output port to the first input port to the power supply, and/or
(B) the fourth output port across the second set of thermal units to the seventh input port to activate and control temperature settings of the second set of thermal units and therefrom through
(b1) the sixth output port to the second input port to the power supply, and/or
(b2) the seventh output port across the third set of thermal units to the third input port to activate and control temperature settings of the third set of thermal units and return to the power supply, and/or
(C) the fifth output port to the sixth input port and therefrom through
(c1) the sixth output port to the second input port to the power supply and/or
(c2) the seventh output port across the third set of thermal units to the third input port to activate and control temperature settings of the third set of thermal units and return to the power supply, and/or through
(II) the second output port to the fifth input port and therefrom through
(A) the fourth output port across the second set of thermal units to the seventh input port to activate and control temperature settings of the second set of thermal units and/or
(B) the fifth output port to the sixth input port and therefrom either through
(b1) the sixth output port to the second input port to the power supply and/or
(b2) the seventh output port across the third set of thermal units to the third input port to activate and control temperature settings of the third set of thermal units and return to the power supply,for the activated thermal units to deliver heat to the anatomical locations of the person sitting in the seat corresponding to the respective locations within the seat of the activated thermal units, in accordance with a suggested heat treatment plan based on the detected locations of fidgeting of the person sitting in the seat;the controller to individually activate and control inflating and deflating of the air bladders, for the activated air bladders to massage the anatomical locations of the person sitting in the seat corresponding to the respective locations within the seat of the activated air bladders, in accordance with a suggested massage treatment plan based on the detected locations of fidgeting of the person sitting in the seat; and
the controller to control inflating and deflating of the air bladders having the activated thermal units positioned thereon in conjunction with activating the activated thermal units to move the activated thermal units towards and away from the person sitting in the seat in accordance with the suggested heat treatment plan.

US Pat. No. 10,556,531

HEADREST ASSEMBLY FOR A VEHICLE

LEAR CORPORATION, Southf...

1. A multi-headrest assembly for a vehicle, comprising:first and second headrests for first and second seats of the vehicle, respectively;
a multi-headrest mount having a crossbar and first and second brackets coupled to and spaced along the crossbar for supporting the first and second headrests, respectively, wherein the crossbar has a length for defining a space between the first and second headrests to align the first and second headrests with the first and second seats, respectively, when mounted in the vehicle; and
first and second seatback portions configured to be coupled to and supported by the first and second brackets, respectively;
wherein each of the first and second headrests extends downward and over a front surface of a respective seatback portion when the first and second headrests and the first and second seatback portions are coupled to the multi-headrest mount.

US Pat. No. 10,556,530

COMPONENT FOR A VEHICLE SEAT

Faurecia Automotive Seati...

1. A component for a vehicle, the component comprising:a cover including a plurality of panels, each panel including an exterior surface, an interior surface, and a peripheral mating surface extending between the exterior surface and the interior surface, the mating surface of each panel being in mating engagement with the mating surface of one or more adjacently located panels, the plurality of panels forming an interior cavity in the cover and
a foam core injected into the interior cavity of the cover, the injected foam core being adhered to the interior surface of each of the panels to secure the mating surface of each panel to the mating surface of one or more adjacent panels such that the mating surface of each panel is in engagement with the mating surface of one or more adjacent panels.

US Pat. No. 10,556,529

SEAT STRUCTURE

ADIENT LUXEMBOURG HOLDING...

1. A seat for a vehicle, comprising:a seatback structure comprising a plurality of seatback support members, said seatback support members being connected to a seatback frame, said seatback support members defining a support surface extending from one side of said seatback frame to another side of said seatback frame and from at least a position adjacent to a lower portion of said seatback frame to an upper portion of said seatback frame, said seatback structure comprising a first lateral end and a second lateral end;
a seat frame, said seatback structure being connected to said seat frame, said seat frame comprising a first lateral seat frame member, a second lateral seat frame member, a first transverse seat frame member and a second transverse seat frame member, said first transverse seat frame member and said second transverse seat frame member extending between said first lateral seat frame member and said second lateral seat frame member, said first lateral seat frame member and said second lateral seat frame member extending from said first transverse seat frame member in an upward direction toward said second transverse seat frame member, said first lateral seat frame member being located directly adjacent to said first lateral end, said second lateral seat frame member being located directly adjacent to said second lateral end;
a lumbar support structure comprising a first lumbar support structure element and a second lumbar support structure element and a lumbar support structure connecting element bridging a space between said first lumbar support structure and said second lumbar support structure element, said first lumbar support structure element being in contact with said first lateral seat frame member, said second lumbar support structure element being in contact with said second lateral seat frame member, wherein said first lumbar support structure element is located at a spaced location from said second lumbar support structure element.

US Pat. No. 10,556,528

CUSHION FRAME

TOYOTA BOSHOKU KABUSHIKI ...

1. A cushion frame for use in a vehicle seat, the cushion frame comprising:a side frame extending in a seat front-rear direction;
a bracket supporting the side frame and comprising a lower end portion having a fixing portion to be fixed to a vehicle directly or indirectly; and
a coupling member fixed to an upper end portion of the bracket and configured to hold the upper end portion at a position offset in a seat width direction relative to the side frame and to fix the upper end portion to the side frame,
wherein a welding region of the coupling member, projected on a virtual plane orthogonal to the seat width direction, extends along an outer periphery of the coupling member in a specified area including an intersection between the outer periphery of the coupling member projected on the virtual plane and a bracket normal line, and
wherein the bracket normal line is a normal line of a bracket center line and passes through a center of the coupling member projected on the virtual plane, and the bracket center line is a virtual line that passes through a center of the fixing portion projected on the virtual plane and through the center of the coupling member projected on the virtual plane.

US Pat. No. 10,556,527

VEHICLE SEAT

Tachi-S Co., Ltd., Tokyo...

1. A vehicle seat including a seat cushion on which an occupant is seated, and a seat back on which the back of the occupant seated on the seat cushion reclines, wherein:the seat back includes a urethane pad having its surface covered with a trim cover, a seat frame constructed to form an outline of the seat back and equipped with side plates on opposite sides, a spring wire hooked to the side plates, a resin plate attached to the seat frame via the spring wire, and a pressing device having a laterally extending shaft and press members arranged at upper and lower sides in a longitudinal direction with respect to the shaft, the pressing device being disposed at the back side of the urethane pad surface covered with the trim cover with the resin plate interposed therebetween; and
the laterally extending shaft of the pressing device is rotated or oscillated to allow the press member at the upper side to press an upper part of the urethane pad forward by pressing an upper part of the resin plate attached to the seat frame via the spring wire, or the press member at the lower side to press a lower part of the urethane pad forward by pressing a lower part of the resin plate attached to the seat frame via the spring wire.

US Pat. No. 10,556,526

VENTILATED VEHICLE SEAT WITH PASSIVE VENT PANEL

FAURECIA AUTOMOTIVE SEATI...

1. A vehicle seat comprising a seat bottom and a seat back, at least one of the seat bottom or the seat back comprising:an air permeable trim cover; and
a vent panel underlying the trim cover and comprising a vent having an opening with a variable size that is greater when the seat is in a loaded condition than when the seat is in an unloaded condition,
whereby, in the presence of a pressure differential across the vent panel, air flow through the vent is greater in the loaded condition than in the unloaded condition,
wherein the vent comprises first and second vent members on opposite sides of the opening, each vent member partly defining the opening, and a distance between the first and second vent members being greater in the loaded condition than in the unloaded condition.

US Pat. No. 10,556,525

LINEAR INERTIAL LOCK

GOODRICH CORPORATION, Ch...

1. An inertial lock assembly, comprising:a tracking rod oriented with respect to a longitudinal axis;
a housing slidably disposed about the tracking rod, the housing including an inner surface having a first portion extending from an apex to a first end spaced longitudinally from the apex;
a first sliding member slidably disposed about the tracking rod and within the housing proximate the first portion of the inner surface;
a first binding member slidably disposed about the tracking rod and within the housing, the first binding member positioned between the apex and the first sliding member; and
a biasing member disposed within the housing and configured to bias the first binding member in a first direction opposite the apex.

US Pat. No. 10,556,524

VEHICLE SOFA-BED AND METHOD OF USE

Premier Products, Inc., ...

1. A vehicle seat assembly system, the system comprising:a sofa-bed assembly comprising a base assembly affixed to a support structure, said support structure supporting a sofa cushion and a rear cushion;
said sofa-bed assembly transformable between a first, sofa configuration and a second, bed configuration, wherein when in said second, bed configuration said sofa cushion and said rear cushion are placed adjacent to each other and are in a laid-flat configuration;
a first side-facing sliding seat assembly comprising a first moveable seat cushion;
a second side-facing sliding seat assembly comprising a second moveable seat cushion;
said first side-facing sliding seat assembly transformable between a first, original seat configuration and a second, extended orientation;
said second side-facing sliding seat assembly transformable between a first, original seat configuration and a second, extended orientation;
said support structure comprising a sofa-seat support structure configured to support said sofa cushion, and a rear-seat support structure configured to support said rear cushion;
said sofa-seat support structure connected to a slide element of said leg assembly;
said rear-seat support structure connected to a scissor-arm element of said leg assembly;
wherein said seat cushion of said first side-facing sliding seat assembly contacts and rests adjacent to said seat cushion of said second side-facing sliding seat assembly when both of said first side-facing sliding seat assembly and said second side-facing sliding seat assembly are in their respective extended orientation;
wherein said sofa cushion of said sofa-bed assembly contacts and rests adjacent to said seat cushion of said first side-facing sliding seat assembly and said seat cushion of said second side-facing sliding seat assembly when said sofa-bed assembly is in said second, bed configuration; and
wherein said sofa cushion, said seat cushion of said first side-facing sliding seat assembly and said seat cushion of said second side-facing sliding seat assembly form a flat, congruous surface.

US Pat. No. 10,556,523

VEHICLE OCCUPANT SUPPORT

1. An occupant support in a vehicle comprising a support structure attached to the vehicle and an upper body support with an articulating mechanism for protection of the occupant comprising:a headrest with two supports, wherein said supports are laterally spaced apart by a first distance;
two support points on the upper body support laterally spaced apart by a second distance;
a plurality of links with spaced apart first and second ends with pivotal attachments, wherein each of said plurality of links have their first ends attached to one of said two supports of the headrest, and their second ends attached to the upper body support at one of the two support points;
wherein the first distance is less than the second distance;such that a lateral inertial loading of the headrest by the occupant reorients the headrest with one of said plurality of links on an impact side rotating about its second end towards a substantial orthogonal position to a back of the support structure and facing forward, and one of said plurality of links on a side away from the impact rotating about its second end towards a position against the back of the support structure, thereby protecting an occupant's head from injury.

US Pat. No. 10,556,522

ADJUSTMENT MECHANISM FOR AN OCCUPANT SUPPORT

FAURECIA AUTOSITZE GMBH, ...

1. A height adjustment device of a vehicle seat for adjusting a vehicle seat component, the height adjustment device comprisinga transverse pipe rotatably supported with two ends thereof configured to provide a bearing region in a hole of a seat member side frame, and
two links positioned on the transverse pipe in a rotationally secure and axially secure manner, the two links each having a lower end that is rotatably supported on a vehicle structure and a bearing hole by means of which they rest on the bearing regions, a central region of the transverse pipe having a larger diameter, the central region arranged between the bearing regions, and the links are arranged to face away from the central region and are axially secured by means of an adjacent bead in one direction on the transverse pipe,
wherein the transverse pipe further includes a diameter step formed between the central region and the bearing regions there is arranged by a conical abutment face of the transverse pipe, with which a conical abutment shoulder formed in the bearing hole is in abutment so that the links are also axially secured in the other direction to the transverse pipe, and
wherein at least one axial groove is formed in the bearing hole and material for securing the links to the transverse pipe in a rotationally secure manner is configured to flow into the at least one groove during a production process.

US Pat. No. 10,556,521

SEAT SLIDING DEVICE FOR VEHICLE

AISIN SEIKI KABUSHIKI KAI...

1. A vehicle seat sliding device comprising:a first rail;
a second rail coupled to the first rail to be movable in a longitudinal direction of the first rail; and
a lock member pivotally arranged in the second rail, wherein the lock member includes a body, a rotation shaft extending from the body in a width-wise direction, which is orthogonal to the longitudinal direction, and at least one lock hook extending from a distal end of the body in the width-wise direction,
the first rail extends in a movement direction of the second rail and includes a plurality of lock slots, wherein the at least one lock hook is inserted into and removed from a corresponding one of the plurality of lock slots when the lock member pivots,
the second rail includes two side walls opposed to each other in the width-wise direction,
the rotation shaft and the body are integrated together,
each of the two side walls includes an accommodation slot, into which the rotation shaft is inserted, a pair of shaft restriction pieces, and at least one lock hook slot, through which a respective at least one lock hook is inserted,
each of the shaft restriction pieces includes a first end extending from an edge of the accommodation slot in a height-wise direction so that the shaft restriction pieces are located at opposite sides of the rotation shaft in the longitudinal direction, wherein each first end contacts a respective side of the rotation shaft in the longitudinal direction,
the shaft restriction pieces are located at opposite sides of the rotation shaft in the longitudinal direction,
the at least one lock hook slot extends in a movement direction of the at least one lock hook when the lock member pivots,
the second rail includes a coupling portion coupling the two side walls, and
each of the two side walls includes a projection projecting toward the coupling portion from a lower edge of the accommodation slot in the height-wise direction and the projection is configured to be able to come in contact with a lower surface of the rotation shaft,
the projection portion includes an upper convex portion that contacts the shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,556,520

VEHICLE SEAT ATTACHED TO FLOOR OF VEHICLE VIA SUPPORTING PLATE AND COUPLING DEVICE

TS TECH CO., LTD., Saita...

1. A vehicle seat, comprising:a skeletal cushion frame for a seat cushion;
a supporting plate configured to support the cushion frame thereon and pivotally connected to a floor of a vehicle such that the supporting plate and the cushion frame supported thereon can be pivoted between a use position and a storage position;
a coupling device attached to the supporting plate to detachably engage a striker provided on the floor;
a first upper engagement portion secured to the cushion frame; and
a first lower engagement portion provided on the supporting plate and including a part opposing a corresponding part of the first upper engagement portion from above defining a prescribed gap therebetween;
wherein the first lower engagement portion vertically overlaps the coupling device.

US Pat. No. 10,556,519

VEHICLE CABIN CONFIGURING APPARATUS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle cabin configuring apparatus, comprising:a rail assembly, comprising:
a first channel comprising power connectors;
a second channel comprising a drive cable; and
a seating assembly comprising:
a drive arm selectively engagable with the drive cable;
locking pins selectively engagable with the rail assembly; and
rollers that engage with a third channel of the rail assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,556,518

IMPROVEMENTS RELATING TO AUTOMOTIVE BULKHEADS

JAGUAR LAND ROVER LIMITED...

1. A rear seating assembly for a passenger vehicle, wherein the rear seating assembly comprises a bulkhead, a seat having a backrest, and a powered linkage assembly for reconfiguring the rear seating assembly between a folded configuration and an unfolded configuration; wherein in the unfolded configuration the bulkhead is located between a passenger compartment and a luggage compartment of the passenger vehicle with a first surface of the bulkhead facing the passenger compartment and the backrest is movable with respect to the bulkhead between a rearward position in which the first surface of the bulkhead is adjacent the backrest and a forward position in which a void is defined between the first surface of the bulkhead and the backrest, and wherein in the folded configuration the bulkhead and the backrest are folded forward with the first surface of the bulkhead generally facing a floor of the passenger compartment.

US Pat. No. 10,556,517

FASTENER FOR SWIVEL-MOUNTED MOUNTING OF A SEAT SHELL OF A VEHICLE SEAT AND METHOD FOR SWIVEL-MOUNTED MOUNTING OF A SEAT SHELL ON A VEHICLE SEAT

FAURECIA AUTOSITZE GMBH, ...

1. A fastener for swivel-mounted mounting of a seat shell on a vehicle seat, the fastener comprisinga first area and
a second area,
wherein the first area and the second area are joined flexibly in a transition area, the first area comprises a first hook element and an opening and a second hook element being disposed on the second area the first hook element comprising a first hook portion and the second hook element comprising a second hook portion, the first area is movable in relation to the second area into a closed position by the flexible connection in the transition area, whereby in the closed position the second hook element protrudes through the opening in the first area and the first and the second hook elements are disposed proximate and aligned in relation to each other such that the first and second hook elements form opposing sides of a journal embraced by an insertion opening formed in the seat shell the first and second hook portions protrude radially outward from the opposite sides in a hooked manner for swivel-mounted holding of the seat shell, and, at the same time, a component affixed to a seating portion of the vehicle seat is enclosed, at least in part, by the first and second areas in a looped manner for holding the fastener on the component affixed to the seating portion.

US Pat. No. 10,556,516

BATTERY CHARGING SYSTEM AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A battery charging system, comprising:a battery configured to store electric energy therein;
a charging equipment configured to provide electric power to the battery;
a charge switch unit configured to determine an electrical connection between the battery and the charging equipment according to an ON/OFF operation thereof;
a capacitor electrically connected in parallel between the battery and the charge switch unit to form an electric potential during charging; and
a controller configured to determine whether an ignition of a vehicle is turned off or charging of the battery is completed, to determine whether the charge switch unit is fused based on a result of comparison between a discharge rate of the capacitor and a preset first reference value after the charge switch unit is turned on/off when the ignition is turned off, and to determine whether a high voltage remains at an output terminal of the charging equipment based on a result of comparison between a voltage of the capacitor and a preset second reference value after the charge switch unit is turned off when the charging is completed.

US Pat. No. 10,556,515

ELECTRICITY SUPPLY SYSTEM FOR TRANSPORT VEHICLE

1. An electricity supply system for transport vehicle, consisting ofan electric network with negative and positive wires, to which an accumulator battery and electric starter are connected,
a capacitor bank,
a bidirectional converter,
a regulator with at least one output and an input to receive voltage from the capacitor bank, said bidirectional converter has input connected to the capacitor bank,
output connected to the electric network, and
at least one control input connected to the output of the regulator, said at least one control input capable of changing voltage-current characteristics of said bidirectional converter, upon transmission of a signal,
WHEREIN said system further comprises a thermal sensor; said regulator comprises an additional input connected to the thermal sensor; said thermal sensor being designed to decrease the maximum value of current flowing from the bidirectional converter into the electric network; and
WHEREIN when said at least one control input transmits a signal to change the voltage-current characteristics of the bidirectional converter, the bidirectional converter executes said change at output connected to the electric network in accordance with the following parameters: a current regulator part i(v)=I? at voltage values v>V0, current regulator part i(v)=I+ at voltage values v

US Pat. No. 10,556,514

FRACTIONAL DEPLETION ESTIMATION FOR BATTERY CONDITION METRICS

Crown Equipment Corporati...

16. A system for evaluating a battery state comprising:a battery monitor that couples to an industrial vehicle battery to collect samples during use of an industrial vehicle, wherein the battery monitor has at least one sensor to sample battery current that represents a measure of a magnitude of a current discharged from a battery powering the industrial vehicle; and
a processor that couples to the industrial vehicle and the battery monitor, the processor further coupled to memory that includes program code that when executed, causes the processor to:
sort collected samples into corresponding bins based upon the magnitude of the collected current samples;
create a battery use estimate based upon a number of samples sorted into the corresponding bins;
determine for each of the corresponding bins, a fractional depletion contribution of the industrial vehicle battery by computing a quotient where the quotient is computed by dividing a lifetime expected estimate for that bin by the battery use estimate for that bin;
generate a depletion estimate associated with the battery state based upon an accumulation of the fractional depletion contributions; and
output a measure of the battery state based upon the generated depletion estimate.

US Pat. No. 10,556,513

SYSTEMS, METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE BATTERY CHARGING

DEKA Products Limited Par...

1. A method for transferring electric energy from an electric vehicle to an infrastructure comprising:coupling the electric vehicle to an electrical transfer interface;
specifying amount of electricity that may be transferred from a battery to the infrastructure;
transferring electricity from the battery in the electric vehicle to the infrastructure during peak electric hours wherein the infrastructure uses the electricity from the battery as electric power;
monitoring the transfer of electricity from the battery wherein total transfer of all of the electricity from the battery is prevented;
transferring electricity from the infrastructure to the battery of the electric vehicle during off peak hours;
recharging the battery of the electric vehicle; and
reducing a parking fee by the amount of electricity that is transferred from the electric vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,556,512

POWER CONTROL METHOD, COMMUNICATION DEVICE, AND POWER CONTROL SYSTEM

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A communication method comprising:providing communication between a first power supply center and a base station;
providing communication between the base station and an electric vehicle including a battery and a communication section;
performing an inquiry by the electric vehicle to the first power supply center via the base station for a charging facility information when capacity of the battery of the electric vehicle decreases below a predetermined value; and
transmitting the charging facility information to the electric vehicle, wherein the charging facility information includes a charging facility configured to supply power to the electric vehicle,
wherein the first power supply center is configured to communicate with a plurality of power supply centers in proximity to the electric vehicle; acquire a total power consumption for each of the power supply centers; and only transmit the charging facility information associated with one of the power supply centers having a least amount of total power consumption among the power supply centers to the electric vehicle; and
wherein the power supply center having the least amount of total power consumption is configured to supply power to at least an electronic apparatus in a low power consumption mode having one or more of a lowered illuminance, a lowered image processing function, a lowered operating clock frequency, a lowered brightness and a higher temperature setting of the electronic apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,556,511

AMUSEMENT RIDE WITH SPEED TRIM SYSTEM

VEKOMA RIDES ENGINEERING ...

1. An amusement ride, comprising:at least one passenger vehicle;
a vehicle track, which vehicle track comprises a vehicle track structure for supporting the passenger vehicle and which vehicle track structure is configured for guiding the passenger vehicle along the vehicle track in a direction of travel;
a speed trim system for reducing the speed of the at least one passenger vehicle traveling along the vehicle track, the speed trim system comprising:
a magnet arrangement located on the at least one passenger vehicle, which magnet arrangement comprises at least one row of magnets;
at least one trim brake located along the track, which trim brake comprises:
an induction blade, the induction blade having an elongated braking edge for passing closely along the at least one row of magnets of the magnet arrangement of the passenger vehicle;
an induction blade support, which induction blade support pivotably supports the induction blade, such that the induction blade can be pivoted about an induction blade pivot axis between an active position, for trimming the speed of the passenger vehicle while it passes the trim brake, and an inactive position:
in which active position the induction blade is supported with its braking edge extending substantially parallel to the direction of travel of the passenger vehicle passing the trim brake, and with its braking edge located in the trajectory of the magnet arrangement of the passing passenger vehicle; and
in which inactive position the induction blade is supported with its braking edge extending at an angle to the trajectory of travel of the passenger vehicle passing the trim brake, and with its braking edge located outside the trajectory of the magnet arrangement of the passing passenger vehicle; and
an actuator, which can pivot the induction blade between its active and its inactive position; and
one or more sensors for measuring the speed of the passenger vehicle approaching and/or passing the trim brake; and
a control system, which control system is configured for receiving speed information from the one or more sensors and for comparing the speed measurement with a reference speed, and for controlling the actuator to pivot the induction blade into and/or out of its active position to trim the speed of the passenger vehicle passing the trim brake, to trim the speed of the passing passenger vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,556,510

ACCURATE ASSESSMENT OF THE STATE OF CHARGE OF ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS

California Institute of T...

1. A method for characterizing the state of charge of an electrochemical cell, said method comprising the steps of:generating a multidimensional state of charge profile corresponding to said electrochemical cell;
measuring a plurality of open circuit voltages of said electrochemical cell via a voltage monitoring circuit, said plurality of open circuit voltages corresponding to a plurality of temperatures of said electrochemical cell;
determining a plurality of thermodynamic parameters corresponding to said electrochemical cell via a thermodynamic measurement circuit, wherein said thermodynamic parameters are selected from the group comprising: a change in enthalpy (?H), a change in entropy (?S) and a change in free energy (?G);
characterizing said state of charge of said electrochemical cell using said multidimensional state of charge profile and said thermodynamic parameters via a state of charge calculating circuit; and
determining a state of safety of said electrochemical cell using said state of charge determined for said electrochemical cell, wherein said state of safety is determined by using said state of charge and a temperature of said plurality of temperatures to calculate the probability of a thermal runaway corresponding to said electrochemical cell, wherein said state of safety is a function of the probability of a thermal runaway; and wherein said state of safety corresponds to an onset temperature of a thermal event within said electrochemical cell at said state of charge.

US Pat. No. 10,556,509

TOUCH INPUT DEVICE AND VEHICLE INCLUDING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A touch input device comprising:a frame having a plurality of frame holes;
a flexible printed circuit board coupled to one surface of the frame and having a plurality of holes corresponding to the plurality of frame holes;
a sensor electrode disposed on the flexible printed circuit board; and
a sensor integrated circuit (IC) electrically connected to the sensor electrode and configured to sense a change in capacitance of the sensor electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,556,507

VEHICLE CONTROL DEVICE PROVIDED IN VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING VEHICLE

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A vehicle control device comprising:a display unit;
an interface device that is configured to be coupled to or uncoupled from the display unit, the interface device including a display module; and
a processor that is configured to:
determine whether the interface device is coupled to or uncoupled from the display unit, and
based on a determination that the interface device is coupled to or uncoupled from the display unit, control at least one of the display unit and the interface device,
wherein the processor is further configured to:
determine whether the interface device is coupled to a first region of the display unit,
based on a determination that the interface device is coupled to the first region of the display unit, control the display module to display screen information that is displayed on the first region of the display unit, and
based on (i) a determination that the interface device is coupled to the first region of the display unit and (ii) a position of a graphic object that is displayed on the first region of the display unit, control the display unit to move the interface device.

US Pat. No. 10,556,506

TANK FIXING APPARATUS

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A tank fixing apparatus, comprising:a support member configured to support a tank;
a first band and a second band, the first and second bands being adjacent to each other and each including a fixed portion that is fixed to the support member, a pressing portion that extends from the fixed portion and is configured to press an outer periphery of the tank toward the support member, and a distal end portion that extends from the pressing portion and is not fixed to the support member;
a first fixing portion and a second fixing portion, the first and second fixing portions fixing the fixed portions of the first and second bands to the support member, respectively; and
a first urging portion and a second urging portion, the first and second urging portions urging the distal end portions of the first and second bands, respectively, in order to give pressing forces to the pressing portions of the first and second bands, respectively,
wherein the distal end portion of the first band extends from the pressing portion of the first band in a first direction and the distal end portion of the second band extends from the pressing portion of the second band in a second direction that is opposite to the first direction,
wherein the distal end portion of each of the first and second bands is spaced apart from the support member,
wherein the first urging portion comprises a first bolt including a first head portion and a first step portion, a first receiving member, a first elastic body, and a first nut,
wherein the second urging portion comprises a second bolt including a second head portion and a second step portion, a second receiving member, a second elastic body, and a second nut,
wherein the first receiving member does not extend beyond the first head portion of the first bolt in an axial direction of the first bolt away from the support member,
wherein a first portion of the support member is sandwiched between the first step portion of the first bolt and the first nut,
wherein the second receiving member does not extend beyond the second head portion of the second bolt in an axial direction of the second bolt away from the support member, and
wherein a second portion of the support member is sandwiched between the second step portion of the second bolt and the second nut.

US Pat. No. 10,556,505

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR A FUEL SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

5. A manufacturing method for a fuel tank and a fuel filler pipe, comprising:welding a base end of a conical anti-siphon device to an interior of the fuel filler pipe to form a fuel filler assembly, the anti-siphon device comprising a tapered end extending into the interior of the fuel filler assembly and a plurality of rows of rounded or elongate apertures encircling the anti-siphon device within the fuel filler assembly;
then, coating the fuel filler assembly, including the welding, with an electroless nickel coating;
then, welding an external surface of the fuel filler assembly, including the electroless nickel coating, to the fuel tank; and
then, applying a second coating to the fuel filler assembly and the fuel tank, including the welding between the fuel filler assembly and the fuel tank,
wherein the electroless nickel coating is not applied to the welds on the external surface of the fuel filler assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,556,504

FILLING SYSTEM FOR OPERATING FLUID CONTAINERS

1. A filling system for an operating fluid container of a motor vehicle, comprising (a) a filling hose and (b) at least one filling hose holding device comprising a contoured portion, wherein(i) the filling hose holding device is configured to be fastened in an installation space of the motor vehicle;
(ii) the entire filling hose is flexible and is configured to be fluidically connected to the operating fluid container and to a filling neck; and
(iii) the filling hose is configured to be fastened in the installation space of the motor vehicle by engagement with the at least one filling hose holding device such that a portion of the filling hose, when engaged with filling hose holding device, assumes a S-shaped contour defined by the contoured portion of the filling hose holding device.

US Pat. No. 10,556,503

EVAPORATED FUEL TREATMENT DEVICE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An evaporated fuel treatment device comprising:a canister which sorbs evaporated fuel generated in a fuel tank of a vehicle;
a vapor passage which connects between the canister and the fuel tank;
a closing valve which is provided to the vapor passage and allowed to change an opening degree so as to control a flow rate of the evaporated fuel flowing in the vapor passage;
a valve mechanism which opens and closes the vapor passage by using a displacement of a float type valve element depending on a fuel level of the fuel tank; and
a control device which is a computer, and by executing a computer program, configured to execute a pressure reducing control where the closing valve is controlled so that an inner pressure of the fuel tank is reduced prior to fueling to the fuel tank;
wherein the control device is configured to control the pressure reducing control with monitoring the inner pressure so that, in a case that the inner pressure exceeds a predetermined value prior to the fueling to the fuel tank, reduction of the inner pressure progresses within a range that a flow rate of the vapor passage does not exceed a boundary flow rate where the vapor passage is closed by the valve element of the valve mechanism, and a valve opening speed of the closing valve is made higher as the inner pressure becomes lower;
wherein the closing valve has a dead zone with respect to an open direction in a state that that the vapor passage is closed by the closing valve, and
wherein the control device is configured to execute the pressure reducing control, so that, in a case that the control device is configured to be capable of executing a learning process for memorizing a valve opening start position where the vapor passage is allowed to open beyond the dead zone of the closing valve, and that the valve opening start position is held, the valve opening speed up to the valve opening start position is made higher than the valve opening speed after the valve opening start position.

US Pat. No. 10,556,502

STRUCTURAL MEMBER AND FUEL TANK

1. A structural member configured to be disposed in an internal space of a fuel tank and support a wall of the fuel tank, wherein the structural member has an axial direction along a direction in which the wall is to be supported, and a radial direction perpendicular to the axial direction, the structural member comprising:a gas introduction path which is formed to be exposed at a tip end of the structural member and penetrate an inside of the structural member along the axial direction;
a first gap which is concaved in the radial direction to communicate with the gas introduction path through a first hole;
a second hole which is formed to communicate with the gas introduction path at a position more distant from the tip end than the first hole along the axial direction; and
a second gap which is concaved in the radial direction to communicate with the gas introduction path through the second hole.

US Pat. No. 10,556,501

DEVICE FOR SEALING THE FRONT-END AIR INTAKE OF A MOTOR VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

Valeo Systemes Thermiques...

1. A sealing device for the front-end air inlet of a motor vehicle, comprising:a supporting frame comprising two longitudinal crossmembers parallel to one another and two side posts perpendicular to said longitudinal crossmembers and connecting said longitudinal crossmembers;
at least one flap mounted pivotably about a pivot axis between a sealing position and an open position, said at least one flap being installed within the supporting frame;
at least one electric control element that controls the positioning of the flap or flaps and is connected to the electric system of the motor vehicle by at least one power supply cable,
wherein the supporting frame comprises at least one snap-fit attachment device to which the power supply cable or cables are attached, said snap-fit attachment device being integral with said supporting frame,
wherein the at least one snap-fit attachment device is arranged on the rear face of at least one of said side posts of the supporting frame.

US Pat. No. 10,556,500

WORK VEHICLE

KOMATSU LTD., Tokyo (JP)...

1. A work vehicle, comprising:an engine;
an engine cover configured to enclose the engine; and
a vent member disposed inside the engine cover,
the engine cover including a side plate provided with at least one vent hole,
a region located laterally to the at least one vent hole in the side plate being imperforate,
the vent member including an enclosure and a tube, the enclosure being provided with a first opening and a connecting opening, the first opening being attached to an inner surface of the side plate and enclosing the at least one vent hole, the connecting opening being spaced from the first opening toward an interior of the engine cover, the tube being attached to the connecting opening of the enclosure and having a second opening that is spaced from the connecting opening toward the interior of the engine cover and communicates with the interior of the engine cover, the connecting opening at least partially overlapping the at least one vent hole in a side direction of the work vehicle, and the vent member upwardly tilting toward the engine cover.

US Pat. No. 10,556,499

APPARATUS FOR COOLING MOTOR OF HYBRID VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An apparatus for cooling a motor of a hybrid vehicle, comprising:a support ring disposed between a motor casing and a motor and having a shape that encloses the motor,
a water jacket formed in the support ring and configured to circulate cooling water, and
an oil jacket formed in the support ring and configured to circulate oil.

US Pat. No. 10,556,498

CVT DRIVE TRAIN

1. A CVT drive train, said drive train comprising:a primary drive source,
a continuously adjustable variator having a variator input and a variator output, and operatively connected to the primary drive source and to a transmission input shaft,
a start-up device including a startup clutch connected between the primary drive source and the variator,
a secondary drive source disposed coaxially with the transmission input shaft and arranged between the primary drive source and the variator,
a first additional clutch for coupling the secondary drive source to a direct drive stage,
a second additional clutch for coupling the secondary drive source to a variator input,
a third additional clutch is positioned on an output side, connected to the variator output, and configured to selectively decouple the variator on the output side, and
a sub-transmission connected to the variator output and including:
a planetary gear set, and
a shifting apparatus for switching between a first range low and a second range high at the variator output.

US Pat. No. 10,556,497

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ADJUSTING BATTERY STATE OF CHARGE PARAMETERS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A hybrid powertrain comprising:an electric machine;
a traction battery configured to power the electric machine; and
a controller having associated memory that includes a neutral state of charge (NSOC), the controller being programmed to,
generate, for a specific future window of time, a predicted future vehicle speed profile having upper and lower speed thresholds,
determine an actual state of charge (SOC) of the traction battery,
calculate an adjusted NSOC based on an amount of predicted distance or an amount of predicted time for which the vehicle speed profile is less than the lower speed threshold, wherein the adjusted NSOC is zero when the vehicle speed profile is not less than the lower speed threshold during the window and is zero when the vehicle speed profile does not exceed the upper threshold during the window,
calculate an adjusted battery SOC by subtracting the adjusted NSOC from the actual SOC, and
command a negative torque to the electric machine to charge the battery based on the adjusted battery SOC, which is artificially low when the adjusted NSOC is greater than zero to encourage charging of the battery in excess of the NSOC to pre-charge the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,556,496

POWER TRAIN

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A power train apparatus comprising:an engine including a crankshaft and an engine block;
a motor housing connected to the engine block and of which a housing opening is formed;
a rotor portion connected to the crankshaft through the housing opening, of which a magnet is connected to a first side thereof and the rotor portion to which a balance portion is formed for compensating for imbalance rotational energy transmitted from the crankshaft;
a stator portion disposed between the rotor portion and the motor housing and connected to the motor housing; and
a transmission connected to the engine block.

US Pat. No. 10,556,495

POWER APPARATUS

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A power apparatus comprising:a drive motor including a drive rotor and a drive stator disposed to face the drive rotor;
a drive motor shaft mechanically connected to a wheel of a vehicle and configured to rotate integrally with the drive rotor;
an engine;
an engine output shaft mechanically connected to the drive motor shaft and configured to output torque of the engine;
a clutch disposed on a power transmission path between the engine output shaft and the drive motor shaft;
a controller configured to start-control the engine with the torque of the drive motor; and
a magnetic deceleration mechanism including:
a deceleration stator configured to generate a rotational magnetic field;
a first deceleration rotor including a plurality of magnetic pole portions and facing the deceleration stator; and
a second deceleration rotor including a plurality of soft magnetic portions and provided between the deceleration stator and the first deceleration rotor,
wherein the magnetic deceleration mechanism is configured to rotate while maintaining a predetermined collinear relationship between a rotational magnetic field speed of the deceleration stator, a rotational speed of the first deceleration rotor and a rotational speed of the second deceleration rotor by exciting the deceleration stator,
wherein the second deceleration rotor is mechanically connected to the engine output shaft,
wherein the first deceleration rotor is shared with the drive rotor, and
wherein when starting the engine, the controller is configured to make excitation to fix the rotational magnetic field of the deceleration stator in a state where the clutch is released.

US Pat. No. 10,556,494

AIR-COOLED FUEL CELL VEHICLE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An air-cooled fuel cell vehicle equipped with an air-cooled fuel cell, the vehicle comprising:a traction motor that is supplied with electric power generated by the fuel cell;
a duct that has a first opening, a second opening facing the fuel cell, and a peripheral wall connecting the first opening to the second opening;
a fan that circulates air through the duct;
a first valve that allows or blocks communication between the first opening and the fuel cell;
a body that has a ventilation port facing the first opening, and houses the fuel cell, the duct, the fan, and the first valve;
a stop determination unit that determines whether the vehicle is stopped; and
a control unit that controls the first valve, wherein
the peripheral wall is provided with a third opening at a position between the first valve and the fuel cell, farther away from the ventilation port than the first opening is, and with a second valve that opens and closes the third opening,
the third opening, the fuel cell, and the fan, or the third opening, the fan, and the fuel cell, are arranged in this order in a direction from the first opening toward the second opening,
when it is determined that the vehicle is stopped, the control unit blocks communication between the first opening and the fuel cell by the first valve, and
when the fan is being driven and communication between the first opening and the fuel cell is blocked by the first valve, the second valve opens the third opening.

US Pat. No. 10,556,493

BATTERY HOUSING

OBRIST TECHNOLOGIES GMBH,...

1. A battery comprising at least one battery housing, the battery housing comprising:a tubular main body and at least two terminating covers, which are inserted into the main body and each have a cover plate that is offset inwards in the longitudinal direction of the main body and supports housing walls of the main body, wherein the terminating covers are each welded to the main body and all joints of the battery housing are formed without separate connecting elements;
at least one cooling element and at least one cell block formed from battery cells which are formed as round cells, wherein the cooling element and the cell block are arranged within the battery housing;
wherein cooling element is arranged between the cell block and the battery housing, wherein a pressure bag is provided between the cooling element and the battery housing, which pressure hag comprises a cured plastic and causes the battery housing to bulge outwardly at least in part, in such a way that the battery housing exerts an inwardly directed bracing force onto the cooling element and the cell block via the pressure bag.

US Pat. No. 10,556,492

OPERATOR CAB WITH SEGMENTED DOOR

1. A method for opening and closing an operator cab, comprising: providing a frame to support a back panel, a pair of opposing side panels and a roof panel, the side panels and the roof panel each have a first edge proximate the back panel and a second edge opposite the first edge; defining a door opening between the second edges of the opposing side panels and roof panel; providing a movable door proximate the door opening; connecting a roller assembly to the door; and actuating the roller assembly to roll the door about the roller assembly from a closed position to an open position, wherein a step of providing the movable door comprises providing at least one flexible, transparent layer and wherein a layer forms a rigid front barrier in a closed position.

US Pat. No. 10,556,491

DOOR MODULE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE DOOR

1. A door module for a motor vehicle door, the door module comprising:a module carrier which is formed substantially by organic sheet,
an attachment region of the module carrier, which is surrounded by a first stamped protuberance of the organic sheet,
a window regulator drive, arranged in the attachment region, of a motor vehicle window regulator, and
at least one cable extending from the window regulator drive and coupled thereto, which cable extends along the module carrier,
wherein in the attachment region of the module carrier, a longitudinally extending stiffening region is formed as a second stamped protuberance of the organic sheet and which runs along a direction of extent of a section of the cable.

US Pat. No. 10,556,490

VEHICLE VISOR AND SYSTEM, VEHICLE AND LIGHT BLOCKING AND DISPLAY METHOD

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A vehicle visor configured to be installed in a vehicle for providing shading to a driver of the vehicle, comprising:a body in the shape of a rectangular flat panel having a front side that faces the driver and a back side that faces away from the driver; and
a camera positioned on the back side of the vehicle visor,
wherein, the vehicle visor comprises:
an upper portion, comprising a display panel having a display screen facing the front side operatively connected to the camera configured to display images captured by the camera from behind the visor; and
a lower portion, comprising a transparent display panel configured to be able to adjust a rate of light transmittance according to the light from behind the visor.

US Pat. No. 10,556,489

HARD SUPPORT CORNER FOR A SOFT TOP

Bestop, Inc., Louisville...

1. A quarter window assembly for a vehicle, comprising;at least one panel portion with at least one window, said at least one panel portion operably connected to a soft top cover, wherein said at least one panel portion comprises at least one upper attachment member operably selectively connected to said soft top cover, at least one bottom attachment member operably selectively connected to the vehicle, and at least one front attachment member operably selectively connected to the vehicle; and
at least one hard corner support assembly connected to the at least one panel portion, said hard corner support assembly operably connected toward a rear of the vehicle to provide support and an attachment location for the at least one panel portion;
wherein the quarter window assembly is selectively removable from the vehicle for maintenance, replacement, repair or when a more vehicle open air feel is desired.

US Pat. No. 10,556,488

VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND PURGE SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

9. A method of purging volatile organic compounds from a motor vehicle during shipping of said motor vehicle from a first point to a second point, comprising:operating a computing device in said motor vehicle in a shipping mode and thereby periodically drawing fresh air into and purging volatile organic compounds from an interior of said motor vehicle by a blower in said motor vehicle;
activating said blower, by said computing device, at predetermined intervals of time and maintaining operation of said blower following activation for a predetermined operating time;
monitoring, by sensor, voltage of a battery of said motor vehicle and terminating, by said computing device, said periodic drawing of fresh air and purging of volatile organic compounds when said voltage falls below a predetermined minimum level;
counting, by said computing device, each activation of said blower and terminating further activation of said blower upon an activation count reaching a predetermined value;
positioning a window insert in a window opening above a partially opened window of said motor vehicle in order to provide an air pathway for exhausting volatile organic compounds from said interior of said vehicle;
absorbing volatile organic compounds from air inside said vehicle with a filter pack positioned inside said motor vehicle during the shipping mode; and
replacing a first filter in a ventilation system of said motor vehicle with a second filter having less airflow resistance than said first filter thereby reducing current drawn by said blower during blower operation.

US Pat. No. 10,556,487

ACCUMULATING/RECEIVING DEVICE AND HEAT PUMP SYSTEM

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A heat pump system for a vehicle, the heat pump system comprising:a refrigerant loop through which a refrigerant circulates;
an inside heat exchanger that is disposed in a passenger compartment of the vehicle;
an outside heat exchanger that is disposed outside of the passenger compartment;
a compressor that circulates the refrigerant between the inside heat exchanger and the outside heat exchanger;
an accumulator/receiver device that is disposed downstream of the outside heat exchanger;
a first valve that is disposed upstream of the inside heat exchanger and downstream of the accumulator/receiver device;
a second valve that is disposed downstream of the accumulator/receiver device and upstream of the compressor;
an intermediate heat exchanger that is disposed directly downstream of the compressor and upstream of the outside heat exchanger; and
a controller that switches the heat pump system between a heating mode and a cooling mode by controlling the first valve and the second valve, wherein:
the refrigerant loop includes a first conduit connected to both the outside heat exchanger and the accumulator/receiver device, a second conduit connected to both the accumulator/receiver device and the inside heat exchanger, a third conduit connected to both the inside heat exchanger and the compressor, a fourth conduit connected to both the compressor and the outside heat exchanger, and a bypass conduit connected to the accumulator/receiver device and the third conduit to bypass the inside heat exchanger,
the first valve is disposed in the second conduit,
the second valve is disposed in the bypass conduit,
the intermediate heat exchanger is disposed in the fourth conduit and configured to transfer heat between the refrigerant loop and a coolant loop during the heating mode, and
the controller is configured to (i) control the first valve to close the second conduit and the second valve to open the bypass conduit during the heating mode and (ii) control the first valve to open the second conduit and the second valve to close the bypass conduit during the cooling mode.

US Pat. No. 10,556,486

AXIAL RETENTION MEANS

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. An air-handling system comprising:a housing defined by an outer sidewall, the outer sidewall having a first opening formed therein, the first opening defining a first axis of the air-handling system;
a shaft rotatably coupled to the housing and extending outwardly from the first opening of the housing;
a lever received on the shaft, wherein an end of the lever extends axially away from the outer sidewall along the first axis; and
a tab disposed axially outwardly from the end of the lever along the first axis with respect to the outer sidewall, wherein the tab includes a first end coupled to the housing and a distal second end, wherein the second end of the tab flexes between a first position to axially obstruct the lever with respect to the first axis and a second position to unobstuct the lever with respect to the first axis, and wherein the second end of the tab in the second position is disposed radially outwardly from an outer circumferential surface of a hub of the lever with respect to the first axis.

US Pat. No. 10,556,485

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR BLOWER CONTROL

GE GLOBAL SOURCING LLC, ...

1. A system comprising:a blower;
a blower sensor operably coupled to the blower and configured to obtain blower operational information, the blower operational information representing functioning of the blower and including one or more of voltage, current, shaft torque, or shaft rotational speed: and
at least one processor operably coupled to the blower and the blower sensor, the at least one processor configured to:
determine an operational-based power using the blower operational information;
determine an operational-based air density using the operational-based power, wherein the operational-based air density is an estimate of density of air used by the blower determined using the operational-based power;
determine individual blower air densities for at least two of the plurality of blowers, and to identify at least one blower fault based on a comparison of the determined individual blower air densities; and
control the blower using the operational-based air density;
wherein the system further comprises a plurality of blowers having corresponding blower sensors;
wherein the at least one processor is further configured to determine individual blower air densities for at least two of the plurality of blowers, and to identify at least one blower fault based on a comparison of the determined individual blower air densities.

US Pat. No. 10,556,484

VEHICLE CLIMATE CONTROL VALVE AND OPERATING METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle climate control operating method, comprising:initializing a valve differently based on whether a climate control system will operate in a heating mode or a cooling mode;
for the cooling mode, moving the valve to a first position and initializing the valve without moving the valve to a second position; and
for the heating mode, moving the valve to a second position and initializing the valve without moving the valve to the first position,
the first position permitting more flow than the second position, wherein the initializing is during a start-up of the vehicle, and further comprising using a previous control head state of the vehicle when assessing whether the climate control system will operate in the heating mode or the cooling mode, wherein, if the previous control head state of the vehicle is not known, comparing an ambient temperature outside the vehicle to a first threshold temperature to assess whether the climate control system will operate in the heating mode, and comparing the ambient temperature to a different, second threshold temperature to assess whether the climate control system will operate in the cooling mode.

US Pat. No. 10,556,483

HOLDING APPARATUS FOR SECURING A FAN FOR COOLING A COMPONENT OF A VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A holding apparatus for securing a fan for cooling a component of a vehicle, the holding apparatus comprising:a main body having a fan receptacle for receiving the fan in a positively locking manner, and the fan receptacle having (i) an air inlet through which air is delivered into the main body and for feeding in air to the fan, and (ii) an air outlet for discharging air from the fan, the fan receptacle configured and sized to undergo elastic deformation upon receiving the fan,
the main body having at least one inlet opening with an adjoining inlet duct and at least one outlet opening with an adjoining outlet duct, the inlet duct being in a fluid-communicating connection with the air inlet and the outlet duct being in a fluid-communicating connection with the air outlet,
wherein the air inlet and air outlet openings are disposed on a same side of the main body.

US Pat. No. 10,556,482

VASCULAR STRUCTURES AND METHODS FOR THERMAL CONTROL

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A thermal control system for a vehicle comprising:a component comprising an interior panel of the vehicle, wherein the component defines an interior part of a cabin of the vehicle that has an inner layer comprising a class A appearance surface visible when the component is assembled in the vehicle;
vascular channels incorporated in a network within the component, wherein the vascular channels are open to the inner layer;
a fluid circuit connected with the vascular channels and configured to circulate a fluid through the component;
wherein the fluid alters a thermal state of the component by direct contact with the inner layer so that the component changes a heat load within the cabin.

US Pat. No. 10,556,481

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING HEATING AND COOLING TO A VEHICLE CABIN OF AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES

1. A vehicle system, the vehicle system comprising:one or more autonomous or semiautonomous vehicle components generating thermal energy as a byproduct of operation;
a radiator fluidly coupled to the one or more vehicle components and positioned downstream from the one or more vehicle components such that the radiator receives at least a portion of the thermal energy;
a thermoelectric cooler thermally coupled to and located downstream from the radiator;
one or more bypass valves that control fluid flow from the radiator such that fluid flows directly to a cabin of a vehicle or flows through the thermoelectric cooler before flowing into the cabin; and
a charger fluidly coupled to the cabin of the vehicle and positioned upstream from the cabin via the one or more bypass valves, wherein the one or more bypass valves control the fluid flow from the charger such that the fluid flows directly to the cabin or flows through the thermoelectric cooler before flowing into the cabin.

US Pat. No. 10,556,480

VEHICLE HVAC SYSTEM

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. An HVAC system comprising:an air handler having an air inlet, an airflow direction control mechanism configured to selectively direct airflow out of the air handler to a first outlet or a second outlet, or simultaneously to both the first outlet and the second outlet;
a blower coupled to the air handler selectively operable at a plurality of blowing speeds to generate airflow through the air handler;
an air duct connected to the air handler and having a tubular housing defining and completely surrounding both a first airflow path and a second airflow path from a first end of the tubular housing of the tubular housing to a second end of the tubular housing, the second air flow path being separate from the first airflow path, the first end of the tubular housing defining a first air inlet in fluid communication with only the first airflow path and a second air inlet in fluid communication with only the second airflow path, the second end of the tubular housing defining a first air outlet in fluid communication with only the first airflow path and a second air outlet in fluid communication with only the second airflow path, the first air inlet and the second air inlet being adjacent to one another at the first end of the tubular housing and the first air outlet and the second air outlet being adjacent to one another at the second end of the tubular housing, the first air inlet being in direct fluid communication with the first outlet of the air handler and the second air inlet being in direct fluid communication with the second outlet of the air handler; and
a vent assembly having a housing that surrounds both first airflow directing members and second airflow directing members, the vent assembly being installed to the tubular housing at the second end of the tubular housing such that the first airflow directing members direct airflow from the first air outlet in a first direction away from the tubular housing and the second airflow directing members direct airflow from the second air outlet in at least a second direction away from the tubular housing.

US Pat. No. 10,556,479

GYROSCOPE-BASED ROTATION DAMPER FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A gyroscope-based rotation damper for a motor vehicle, comprising:a flywheel that is driven via a drive, rotates around an axis of rotation at an angular velocity (??) and that is mounted on the motor vehicle structure via a first bearing element and a second bearing element in a gimbal, wherein the flywheel is mounted rotatably around an angle of rotation (?) at the first bearing element, and the first bearing element is rotatably mounted at the second bearing element around a first angle of rotation (?) around a first axis aligned orthogonal to the axis of rotation of the flywheel, and the second bearing element is mounted rotatably at the motor vehicle structure around a second angle of rotation (?) around a second axis aligned orthogonal to the first axis; and
a controller unit for controlling a shaft drive,
wherein the second bearing element rotatably mounted on the motor vehicle structure is operatively connected to the shaft drive via a drive shaft, wherein the first bearing element rotatably mounted at the second bearing element is operatively connected to a wheel carrier in such a way that a compression/rebound movement of the wheel carrier causes a rotation of the first bearing element around the first angle of rotation (?), wherein the controller unit controls the angular velocity (??) and the torque (M?) of the drive shaft by way of the shaft drive as a function of the first angle of rotation (?) and of the first torque (M?).

US Pat. No. 10,556,478

SUSPENSION SYSTEM

1. A suspension system, comprising:a first hydraulic cylinder including a piston chamber in which a piston moves and a rod chamber in which a rod moves, the first hydraulic cylinder operably movable between a retraction and an extension;
a second hydraulic cylinder including a piston chamber in which a piston moves and a rod chamber in which a rod moves, the second hydraulic cylinder operably movable between a retraction and an extension;
a throttle valve and a branching; and
a hydraulic reservoir fluidly coupled to the first and second hydraulic cylinders;
wherein a first fluid flow from the piston chamber of the first hydraulic cylinder is divided at the branching into a first portion and a second portion;
wherein the first portion flows to the rod chamber of the second hydraulic cylinder, and the second portion flows through the throttle valve to the hydraulic reservoir; and
wherein a second fluid flow from the rod chamber of the second hydraulic cylinder flows through the throttle valve to the piston chamber of the first hydraulic cylinder.

US Pat. No. 10,556,477

SUSPENSION DAMPER WITH BY-PASS VALVES

Fox Factory, Inc., Brase...

1. A vehicle damper comprising:a cylinder;
a piston within said cylinder;
a working fluid within said cylinder;
a reservoir in fluid communication with said cylinder via said working fluid, said reservoir operable to receive said working fluid from said cylinder in a compression stroke;
a flow path starting in said cylinder and ending in said reservoir; and
a reservoir valve assembly disposed in said flow path, said reservoir valve assembly being configured for monitoring a flow of said working fluid into a reservoir fluid portion of said reservoir, wherein said reservoir valve assembly comprises at least a base valve, a remotely-operable valve, and a third reservoir valve that is not said base valve and said remotely operable valve, said third reservoir valve disposed in a first chamber, wherein said third reservoir valve is positioned upstream of said remotely operable valve during said compression stroke, wherein said base valve provides a positive damping resistance regardless of a compliant damping or a rigid damping pressure being applied separate from said positive damping resistance such that said flow of said working fluid through said base valve occurs under all circumstances, said remotely operable valve disposed in a second chamber adjacent said third reservoir valve, said remotely operable valve configured to control flow of said working fluid through said second chamber,
wherein said remotely-operable valve has an open position and a closed position, wherein said open position allows at least a portion of the whole of said working fluid to by-pass said third reservoir valve and move through said remotely-operable valve to said base valve, said remotely-operable valve operated automatically based on triggers related to conditions of a vehicle to which said remotely-operable valve is coupled.

US Pat. No. 10,556,476

AGRICULTURAL VEHICLE INCLUDING RIDE HEIGHT ADJUSTABLE SUSPENSION

Hagie Manufacturing Compa...

1. An agricultural vehicle comprising:a frame;
a plurality of suspension assemblies coupled to the frame, all suspension assemblies of the plurality of suspension assemblies configured to pivot together relative to the frame to increase or decrease a vertical distance between the frame and a surface supporting the agricultural vehicle;
a plurality of wheels, wherein one wheel of the plurality of wheels is coupled to one suspension assembly of the plurality of suspension assemblies, wherein each suspension assembly of the plurality of suspension assemblies is also configured to pivot relative to the frame to change a track width of at least two wheels of the plurality of wheels, and wherein the at least two wheels of the plurality of wheels are each movable about a respective steering axis; and
at least two actuators, wherein each actuator of the at least two actuators is coupled to a respective suspension assembly of the plurality of suspension assemblies and is configured to move one wheel of the at least two wheels.

US Pat. No. 10,556,475

STOP DEVICE

VIBRACOUSTIC GMBH, Darms...

1. A stop device for limiting a vertical spring deflection of a motor vehicle leaf spring that is mounted on an axle member, the stop device comprising:a stop which limits a vertical movement of the leaf spring;
a support structure configured to support and mount the stop on a vehicle support; and
a guiding device configured to receive and guide at least one of a cable, a line, and/or a holder,
wherein the guiding device is fastened to the support structure, the support structure having a support plate on which the stop is arranged, a first support, a second support, which support the support plate, and a cross beam connecting the two supports with each other,
wherein the support structure is a formed as an integral single piece, and
wherein the cross beam is on a lateral extent of the vehicle support and the first support extends adjacent to a vertical extent of the vehicle support.

US Pat. No. 10,556,474

FRONT SUSPENSION STRUCTURE OF AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLE

MAZDA MOTOR CORPORATION, ...

1. A double-wishbone type front suspension structure of an automotive vehicle, comprising:an upper arm pivotally supported at a vehicle-body side via front-and-rear pivotal portions thereof;
a lower arm pivotally supported at the vehicle-body side via front-and-rear pivotal portions thereof; and
a damper unit provided between a vehicle body and the lower arm, wherein
resilient bushes are provided at the respective front-and-rear pivotal portions of said upper arm and said lower arm, respective axial lines of said resilient bushes of the front-and-rear pivotal portions of the lower arm are provided to coaxially extend in a longitudinal direction and horizontally, a knuckle-side pivotal portion of the upper arm, via which a knuckle member is pivotally supported at the upper arm, is provided in back of a knuckle-side pivotal portion of the lower arm, via which the knuckle member is pivotally supported at the lower arm, the upper arm is supported at a front side frame such that respective axial lines of said resilient bushes of the front-and-rear pivotal portions of the upper arm coaxially extend in the longitudinal direction, in parallel to said respective axial lines of the resilient bushes of the front-and-rear pivotal portions of the lower arm in a plan view, and extends obliquely rearward and downward in a side view, and a lower end portion of said damper unit is connected to the lower arm such that the damper unit is positioned perpendicularly to the axial lines of the resilient bushes of the front-and-rear pivotal portions of the lower arm and an upper end portion of said damper unit is pivotally supported at the vehicle body via a resilient bush, a rotational axis of which extends in the longitudinal direction in parallel to the axial lines of the resilient bushes of the front-and-rear pivotal portions of the lower arm,
said upper and lower arms are respectively made of an A-shaped arm which has a roughly symmetrical shape in the longitudinal direction,
said damper unit comprises a shock absorber and a coil spring which is provided at an upper portion of the shock absorber such that the coil spring overlaps said front side frame in a vertical direction, said upper arm is provided to straddle said coil spring longitudinally, and said respective resilient bushes provided at the front-and-rear pivotal portions of the upper arm and the lower arm substantially overlap each other in the plan view, and
said damper unit is connected to a portion of said lower arm which is positioned in back of said knuckle-side pivotal portion of the lower arm, and a central axis of the damper unit is positioned in front of said knuckle-side pivotal portion of the upper arm.