US Pat. No. 10,509,633

BASE EDITOR COMPONENT IN A WEB APPLICATION BUILDER FRAMEWORK

salesforce.com, inc., Sa...

1. A system comprising:a database system implemented using a server system comprising one or more hardware processors, the database system configurable to cause:
providing for interaction with a database identifying a plurality of web application builder components configured to be used to build components of a web application and further configured to be reusable within a server-hosted web application builder framework, each of the web application builder components comprising a respective one or more attributes;
processing a first user request to add to or modify one or more attributes of a first one of the web application builder components;
retrieving, in response to the first user request, a metadata model associated with the first web application builder component, the metadata model comprising one or more nodes corresponding to the one or more attributes of the first web application builder component;
providing user interface data to a client device, the user interface data capable of being processed to cause display of a user interface comprising one or more user interface elements for displaying and modifying the metadata model;
modifying the metadata model by adding or editing one or more nodes with respect to the metadata model based on user input received from the client device and associated with the user interface;
storing the modified metadata model in one or more server databases; and
providing web application builder data to the client device, the web application builder data capable of being processed to cause display of the web application builder framework for constructing web application builders, the web application builder framework implementing at least the first web application builder component with the modified metadata model.

US Pat. No. 10,509,630

RANDOM NUMBER GENERATION APPARATUS, RANDOM NUMBER GENERATION METHOD AND PROGRAM

NIPPON TELEGRAPH AND TELE...

1. A random number generation apparatus for generating a random number on a factor ring which is used for electronic cryptography system, the random number generation apparatus comprises a processing circuitry and a memory that stores a program, and when the processing circuitry executes the program, the processing circuitry is configured to implement:a storage;
a binary random number generating unit generating a first sequence that comprises values of digits of a uniform random number represented by a binary number as elements and stores the first sequence in the storage;
a random number acquiring unit obtaining, from the storage, the first sequence;
a mask generator receiving an input of Mersenne prime numbers and generating a second sequence that comprises values of digits of one or more Mersenne numbers represented by one or more binary numbers and a zero value as elements; and
a logical product arithmetic unit obtaining a third sequence that is results of elementwise logical product operation between the first sequence and the second sequence being received from the mask generator,
wherein
the first sequence comprises a first subsequence; a second subsequence comprised in the second sequence indicates any of the Mersenne numbers; the third sequence comprises a third subsequence that is results of elementwise logical product operation between the first subsequence and the second subsequence; and the processes of the random number acquiring unit and the logical product arithmetic unit are executed again when the second subsequence matches the third subsequence, otherwise the logical product arithmetic unit outputs the third sequence including the random number on the factor ring.

US Pat. No. 10,509,629

CONTROL DEVICE

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A control device comprising:a first circuit to perform proportional control and integral control, on the basis of a difference between an indicating value input from an outside and a feedback value output from a controlled object in accordance with the indicating value;
a second circuit to extract change in manipulated variable input to the controlled object in accordance with the indicating value and to generate and output a reverse bias value that causes reverse change to the extracted change; and
an adder to add an output value of the first circuit to the reverse bias value, and to output an addition value obtained by the addition as the manipulated variable.

US Pat. No. 10,509,624

SINGLE-BIT VOLUME CONTROL

Cirrus Logic, Inc., Aust...

1. A method, comprising:receiving a single-bit audio stream for conversion to an analog voltage signal;
converting the single-bit audio stream to a plurality of symbols, wherein the plurality of symbols is selected based, at least in part, on audio content of the single-bit audio stream and a desired volume level;
converting the plurality of symbols to an analog current signal using a digital-to-analog converter (DAC); and
converting the analog current signal to an analog voltage signal, wherein the conversion to the analog voltage signal comprises selecting an analog gain value for the conversion based, at least in part, on the desired volume level.

US Pat. No. 10,509,623

AUDIO SIGNAL PROCESSOR

TEAC CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An audio signal processorthat is connectable to an audio apparatus that has an operation switch that outputs, in response to the operation switch being operated, a reproduction start instruction signal of an audio file, the audio signal processor comprising:
a display; and
a processor that displays, on the display, a virtual switch corresponding to the operation switch, that judges a state of the virtual switch in response to a user operation, and that displays, on the display, a judgment result in association with the virtual switch, wherein:
the processor displays the judgment result as a change of a display form including at least one of a display color, a display brightness, and display form of an assigned file name of the virtual switch
the judgment result includes one of three states including normal, abnormal, and no assignment, and
the processor displays each of the three states including normal, abnormal, and no assignment in an identifiable manner.

US Pat. No. 10,509,621

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR THE IDENTIFICATION AND/OR DISTRIBUTION OF MUSIC AND OTHER FORMS OF USEFUL INFORMATION

1. A system for ordering digital audio information comprising;a portable battery powered electronic device which independently provides digital music storage and playback operations, the portable battery powered electronic device including a processor, an electronic memory, and a wireless data transmitter and wireless data receiver;
the portable battery powered device is configured to communicatively couple with a vehicle audio reproduction system to receive user selection control information and to transfer digital audio from electronic memory of the portable battery powered device to the vehicle audio reproduction system;
the electronic memory of the portable battery powered electronic device including machine instructions that when executed by the processor are configured to cause the wireless data transmitter of the portable battery powered electronic device to send an electronic communication to a server-based system that is transferred via the internet, wherein the electronic communication conveys a request for digital audio information based on user selection control information that is received in a communication from the vehicle audio reproduction system and held in a user selection control receiving electronic memory portion at the portable battery powered electronic device;
the server-based system is configured to receive and process the electronic communication and send digital audio information to the portable battery powered electronic device via internet communication that is then received at the wireless data receiver of the portable battery powered electronic device for adding new digital audio to the electronic memory of the portable battery powered device, the digital audio information corresponding to the request for digital audio information.

US Pat. No. 10,509,620

DISPLAY CONTROL APPARATUS, DISPLAY APPARATUS, DISPLAY SYSTEM, AND COMPUTER-READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM

EIZO Corporation, Ishika...

1. A display control device comprising:a default icon storage section that stores a default icon;
a custom icon storage section that stores a custom icon;
a processor configured to:
receive mobile terminal identification information from a mobile terminal, the mobile terminal being physically separated from the display control device and wirelessly connected to the display control device, and
receive application identification information from the mobile terminal; and
a first correspondence information storage section that stores a combination of the mobile terminal identification information and the application identification information, in association with the custom icon, wherein
the processor is further configured to display the custom icon in a display section in response to receiving the application identification information from the mobile terminal when an event occurs in an application identified by the application identification information at the mobile terminal, if the combination of the mobile terminal identification information received by the processor and the application identification information received by the processor is stored in the first correspondence information storage section, and displays the default icon in the display section if the combination is not stored in the first correspondence information storage section.

US Pat. No. 10,509,617

TERMINAL DEVICE, PROGRAM, METHOD FOR SHARING CONTENT AND INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A terminal device, comprising:a display;
a hardware processor; and
a hardware memory that contains instructions that cause the hardware processor to:
send, to a conference server apparatus, a request for conference information;
display, on the display, a list of electronic conferences created from conference information received from the conference server in response to the request for conference information;
send, to the conference server apparatus, a request to participate in an electronic conference selected from the displayed list of electronic conferences;
receive questionnaire information from the conference server apparatus through an established communication session, the received questionnaire information including (i) first role information that associates a first role played by one or more terminal devices to first information that indicates a storage place for questionnaire summary screen data; and (ii) second role information that associates a second role played by one or more terminal devices to second information that indicates a storage place for questionnaire answer screen data;
receive a questionnaire start order from the conference server apparatus through the established communication session;
determine, after receiving the questionnaire start order from the conference server apparatus, that a role of the terminal device itself is the first role or the second role;
acquire, when the hardware processor determines that the role of the terminal device itself is the first role, the questionnaire summary screen data from the storage place for the questionnaire summary screen data, by referring to the first role information that associates the first role to the first information; and display the acquired questionnaire summary screen data on the display;
acquire, when the hardware processor determines that the role of the terminal device itself is the second role, the questionnaire answer screen data from the storage place for the questionnaire answer screen data, by referring to the second role information that associates the second role to the second information; and display the acquired questionnaire answer screen data on the display.

US Pat. No. 10,509,616

METHOD FOR OPERATING ELECTRONIC DEVICE, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for operating a first electronic device, the method comprising:controlling a first display of the first electronic device to display a first graphic element and a first screen part corresponding to a screen of a text writing application being executed in a second electronic device on the first display;
detecting movement of the first graphic element in relation to the first screen part;
controlling the first display to display a second screen part corresponding to the screen of the text writing application being executed in the second electronic device in response to the movement of the first graphic element in relation to the first screen part, wherein the second screen part includes a second graphic element corresponding to the first graphic element; and
when a first button included in the second screen part is selected on the first display, transmitting, to the second electronic device, data related to the second graphic element displayed in the second screen part, wherein the transmission of the data to the second electronic device is configured to cause the second electronic device to transmit the data to a third electronic device.

US Pat. No. 10,509,614

VIDEO DISPLAY APPARATUS-APPARATUS COMMUNICATION

MAXELL, LTD., Kyoto (JP)...

1. A video display apparatus provided with an apparatus-apparatus communication interface,wherein own apparatus information is held therein,
wherein in a case where a video input unit of the video display apparatus is connected to a video source apparatus via a first apparatus-apparatus communication interface and a video output unit of the video display apparatus is connected to an external video display apparatus via a second apparatus-apparatus communication interface,
external apparatus information of the external video display apparatus is obtained from the external video display apparatus via the second apparatus-apparatus communication interface, and
selected apparatus information is provided to the video source apparatus via the first apparatus-apparatus communication interface, and
wherein a first mode for providing the selected apparatus information that contains a parameter value of the external apparatus information and a second mode for providing the selected apparatus information that contains a parameter value of the own apparatus information are selectable as modes for providing the apparatus information,
wherein in the first mode, any of the parameter value of the external apparatus information, a common parameter value of the external apparatus information and the own apparatus information, and both parameter values of the external apparatus information and the own apparatus information when the external video display apparatus has higher performance than the video display apparatus is the selected apparatus information to be provided to the video source apparatus, and
wherein in the second mode, any of the parameter value of the own apparatus information, both parameter values of the own apparatus information and the external apparatus information, and a selected value from the both parameter values is the selected apparatus information to be provided to the video source apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,509,609

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a printer that forms an image on printing paper;
an image reader that reads a printed material including the image formed on printing paper by the printer; and
a hardware processor that determines whether the printed material including the image formed on printing paper by the printer is non-defective in accordance with a threshold for determination and read data, the threshold for determination specifying an error margin in a printed state of the printed material including the image formed on printing paper by the printer, and the read data corresponding to the printed material read by the image reader,
wherein the hardware processor performs control to (i) update the threshold for determination, (ii) determine whether a redetermination mode, in which the hardware processor determines whether the printed material is non-defective in accordance with the updated threshold for determination, is set, and (iii) when it is determined that the redetermination mode is set, reprint a page on which the printed material including the image formed on printing paper by the printer is determined to be defective, and replace the page.

US Pat. No. 10,509,604

MULTI-PRINTER SYSTEM WITH A SCHEDULER AND A METHOD THEREOF

1. A print system comprising:a plurality of printers for printing print jobs, each printer of the plurality of printers comprising a print job scheduler for planning a print job schedule for print jobs submitted to the printer and an operational action scheduler for planning an operational action schedule of operational actions to be applied to the printer, each operational action requires operator intervention before or during a respective print job and being an operation action out of loading consumables, loading receiving material, loading finishing material, unloading an output holder and emptying a waste container for staples, perforation waste, ink and toner;
a user interface screen; and
a controller configured for:
a first merge of the print job schedule for each printer and the operational action schedule into a first merged schedule, the controller is configured to control for each printer a display of the first merged schedule on the user interface screen in a predetermined time frame; and
a second merge of the operational action schedules of the plurality of printers chronologically into a second merged schedule,
wherein the controller is configured to control a display of the second merged schedule along the first merged schedule on the user interface screen in one time line and in the predetermined time frame,
wherein the second merged schedule includes at least one indication item for each of the operational actions according to the operational action schedules of the plurality of printers at planned moments in time,
wherein the at least one indication item is distinguishable for each type of operational action and is located at the time the respective operational action is to occur,
wherein the predetermined time frame is indicated in an upper part of the user interface in the form of a plurality of time ticks, and
wherein the at least one indication item for each operational action includes two separate indication items representing the same operational action, a first indication item of the two separate indication items being located in the upper part of the user interface between two neighboring time ticks of the plurality of time ticks and adjacent to a time tick of the two neighboring time ticks that is corresponding to the time the respective operational action is to occur and a second indication item of the two separate indication items being located in the first merged schedule of the printer associated with the respective operational action.

US Pat. No. 10,509,599

STACK MANAGEMENT IN MEMORY SYSTEMS

MICRON TECHNOLOGY, INC., ...

1. A memory system, comprising:a stack memory;
a set of media; and
a controller, wherein the controller divides the stack memory into a plurality of stacks, measures usages of the stacks in a period of time, and adjusts partitioning of the stack memory into the plurality of stacks according to the measured usages,
wherein the controller fills unused portions of the stacks with a predetermined value pattern and measures the usages based on binary searching for boundaries between portions of the stacks having the predetermined value pattern and portions of the stacks not having the predetermined value pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,509,593

DATA SERVICES SCHEDULING IN HETEROGENEOUS STORAGE ENVIRONMENTS

International Business Ma...

1. A method for scheduling data services in a heterogeneous storage environment, the method comprising:instrumenting, in a heterogeneous storage environment comprising a plurality of storage systems, each of the storage systems to generate events when operations are performed thereon;
detecting the events from the plurality of storage systems and indexing the events in a single namespace;
analyzing the events in the namespace to generate a statistical model that describes I/O activity occurring in the heterogeneous storage environment over a period of time;
determining, from the statistical model, periods of reduced I/O workload across the heterogeneous storage environment as a whole; and
scheduling data services to occur in the heterogeneous storage environment during the periods of reduced I/O workload.

US Pat. No. 10,509,592

PARALLEL DATA TRANSFER FOR SOLID STATE DRIVES USING QUEUE PAIR SUBSETS

Pavilion Data Systems, In...

1. A method comprising:allocating, by a management controller included in a storage server, a first queue pair of a first solid state drive (SSD) of the storage server to a first input/output (I/O) controller in the storage server, the first queue pair comprising a first submission queue and a first completion queue;
allocating, by the management controller, a second queue pair of the first SSD to a second I/O controller in the storage server, the second queue pair comprising a second submission queue and a second completion queue;
sending, by the first I/O controller, a first command to the first SSD via the first submission queue of the first SSD that has been allocated to the first I/O controller, wherein the first command is a first read command or a first write command;
receiving, by the first I/O controller, a first acknowledgement from the first SSD that the first command has been completed via the first completion queue of the first SSD that has been allocated to the first I/O controller;
sending, by the second I/O controller, a second command to the first SSD of the storage server via the second submission queue of the first SSD that has been allocated to the second I/O controller, wherein the second command is a second read command or a second write command, and wherein the second I/O controller sends the second command to the first SSD in parallel to the first I/O controller sending the first command to the first SSD; and
receiving, by the second I/O controller, a second acknowledgement from the first SSD that the second command has been completed via the second completion queue of the first SSD that has been allocated to the second I/O controller;
wherein the management controller comprises a root complex for the storage server but is not in a data path for the storage server, wherein the first I/O controller lacks the root complex for the storage server, and wherein the second I/O controller lacks the root complex for the storage server.

US Pat. No. 10,509,591

DISTRIBUTED POWER MANAGEMENT FOR NON-VOLATILE MEMORY CONTROLLERS USING AVERAGE AND PEAK POWER CREDITS ALLOCATED TO MEMORY CHANNELS

SANDISK TECHNOLOGIES LLC,...

1. A memory system, comprising:a plurality of distinct sets of non-volatile memory devices;
a storage controller;
a plurality of channel controllers, each respective channel controller corresponding to a distinct set of the plurality of distinct sets of non-volatile memory devices, each respective channel controller having one or more command queues for holding the respective channel controller's pending commands and configured to:
receive power credits allocated by the storage controller, wherein each respective channel controller is configured to receive an average power credit and a peak power credit;
execute commands in the one or more command queues, including limiting execution of said commands in accordance with the received average power credit and the received peak power credit, wherein each respective channel controller is configured to limit execution of said commands based on a determination that a number of received average power credits and/or peak power credits meets excess power credit criteria; and
wherein a total number of average power credits allocated by the storage controller is variable and a total number of peak power credits allocated by the storage controller is fixed.

US Pat. No. 10,509,588

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING MEMORY FREQUENCY USING FEED-FORWARD COMPRESSION STATISTICS

Qualcomm Incorporated, S...

1. A method for controlling memory frequency, the method comprising:a first memory client producing a compressed digital image frame from a digital video signal and compression statistics related to the compressed digital image frame, the compressed digital image frame comprising a plurality of compressed units of a variable size, and the compression statistics defining a variable compression ratio for each of the plurality of compressed units in the compressed digital image frame, wherein the compressed digital image frame and the compression statistics are capable of supporting a lossless digital image compression algorithm and a lossy digital image compression algorithm;
storing the compressed digital image frame and the compression statistics in a compressed data buffer in a memory device;
generating a memory bandwidth vote with a second memory client based on the stored compression statistics for reading the compressed image frame from the compressed data buffer, the memory bandwidth vote comprising an amount of memory bandwidth needed by the second client to reproduce the digital video signal based on the compression statistics;
sending the memory bandwidth vote from the second memory client to a clock controller; and
adjusting a frequency setting of one of the memory device, a memory controller, and a system interconnect with the clock controller, the clock controller aggregating the memory bandwidth vote from the second memory client with one or more additional memory bandwidth votes and the clock controller converting the aggregated memory bandwidth votes to the adjusted frequency setting, the adjusted frequency setting enabling the second memory client to read the compressed digital image frame from the compressed data buffer at a level which conserves power and which allows for reproduction of the digital video signal.

US Pat. No. 10,509,587

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HIGH PRIORITY BACKUP

EMC IP Holding Company LL...

1. A coordination point for assigning clients to remote backup storages, comprising:a persistent storage storing gateway pool cache capacities of the remote backup storages; and
a processor programmed to:
obtain a data storage request for data from a client of the clients;
obtain an indirect cache estimate for servicing the data storage request;
select a remote backup storage of the remote backup storages based on the obtained indirect cache estimate using the gateway pool cache capacities; and
assign the selected remote backup storage to service the data storage request,
wherein the selected remote backup storage has a higher client load at a time of the selection of the remote backup storage than a second client load of a second remote backup storage of the remote backup storages.

US Pat. No. 10,509,585

DATA SYNCHRONIZATION METHOD, APPARATUS, AND SYSTEM

ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIM...

1. A data synchronization method, comprising:receiving, by a data synchronization apparatus, first modification data sent by a primary storage;
adding the first modification data to an asynchronous message queue of the data synchronization apparatus;
sending, via a message sending thread, the first modification data in the asynchronous message queue to a standby storage;
receiving, from the standby storage, information indicating a successful storage of the first modification data, the information is fed back by the standby storage when a proportion of storage units having the first modification data successfully stored to all storage units of the standby storage reaches a pre-set proportion threshold; and
in response to receiving the information, deleting the first modification data.

US Pat. No. 10,509,581

MAINTAINING WRITE CONSISTENCY IN A MULTI-THREADED STORAGE SYSTEM

Pure Storage, Inc., Moun...

1. A method of maintaining write consistency in a multi-threaded storage system, the method comprising:responsive to a write operation for a dataset:
assigning an identifier for the write operation, wherein the identifier is equal to a current identifier from an allowable set of identifiers;
storing, within a metadata header for the dataset, metadata indicating the assigned identifier; and
incrementing the current identifier; and
responsive to determining that the incremented current identifier has caused a reservation event:
requesting the allowable set of identifiers from a reservation service; and
updating a range corresponding to the allowable set of identifiers.

US Pat. No. 10,509,579

MEMORY SYSTEM QUALITY THRESHOLD INTERSECTION ANALYSIS AND CONFIGURATION

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising:obtaining quality measures for a memory population, wherein the quality measures comprise a histogram indicating counts of errors per memory unit in the memory population of a memory system;
converting the quality measures into logarithmic cumulative distribution function (CDF)-based data by computing a cumulative distribution function of the histogram;
formulating one or more comparisons of the CDF-based data to metrics for a quality analysis, by:
obtaining a threshold condition;
fitting a function to at least a portion of the CDF-based data; and
computing an intersection between the function and the threshold condition; and
applying results of the quality analysis to make improvements in the memory system by causing, based on the computed intersection, one or more actions in relation to the memory population, the one or more actions comprising a modification to operating parameters for the memory population.

US Pat. No. 10,509,576

METHOD, APPARATUS, AND SYSTEM FOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND ENERGY CONSERVATION INCLUDING AUTONOMOUS HARDWARE-BASED DEEP POWER DOWN IN DEVICES

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A system comprising:a central processing unit (CPU);
a device external to the CPU and comprising software registers to be operated on by a device driver and hardware registers to store a context;
a power control unit to control transitions into a deep power down state;
a static memory to store the context when the device is in the deep power down state; and
a sustain power well to provide a reduced voltage during the deep power down state to allow the static memory to maintain integrity of context data stored therein, but is less than enough to allow the device to remain in idle state, the sustain power well further to allow the power control unit to monitor read or write commands from the device driver to the software registers and wake the device in response.

US Pat. No. 10,509,574

CONTAINER CREDENTIALING BY HOST

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A system for providing access to a credential locked resource comprising:a memory device for storing instructions;
a processing device for executing instructions; and
a host environment to operate on and share the memory device and the processing device with a plurality of containers to enable the plurality of containers to share host credentialing, a first container of the plurality of containers to execute a first runtime for a first application while the second container of the plurality of containers to execute a second runtime distinct from the first runtime for a second application each of the plurality of containers to execute a runtime environment for an application through the memory device and the processing device, the host environment to:
pre-fill a credential cache with the credential to access the credential locked resource;
detect a request for a credential to the credential locked resource from the first container of the plurality of containers; and
provide the credential for a credential locked resource to the first container if the first container is approved to receive the credential based on a policy, the first container accessing the credential locked resource using the credential.

US Pat. No. 10,509,573

VIRTUAL MACHINE CHANGE BLOCK TRACKING

Commvault Systems, Inc., ...

1. A system configured to backup a virtual machine, the system comprising:a client device comprising one or more processors, wherein the one or more processors are configured to:
execute a virtual machine (VM) using a hypervisor, wherein:
the VM comprises a virtual hard disk file and a change block bitmap file,
the virtual hard disk file stores data associated with a virtual hard disk,
the hypervisor comprises an I/O stack, and
the I/O stack comprises a driver, wherein the driver is further configured to:
intercept a first write operation generated by the VM to store data in a first sector,
determine an identity of the first sector based on the first intercepted write operation,
determine an entry in the change block bitmap file that corresponds with the first sector, and
modify the entry in the change block bitmap file to indicate that data in the first sector has changed;
responsive to a determination that changes to the virtual hard disk are not reflected in the change block bitmap file, invalidate the change block bitmap file and perform a full backup of the VM; and
gather data for use in performance of an incremental backup of the VM based on the change block bitmap file in response to an instruction from a storage manager, wherein the incremental backup comprises the data in the first sector.

US Pat. No. 10,509,572

STORAGE DEVICE THAT CARRIES OUT PARALLEL OPERATIONS IN RESPONSE TO HOST COMMANDS AND UPON DETECTION OF AN ERROR CONDITION IN ONE OPERATION, CONTINUES THE OTHER OPERATION BEFORE NOTIFICATION OF THE ERROR CONDITION IS TRANSMITTED TO THE HOST

Toshiba Memory Corporatio...

1. A storage device comprising:a non-volatile storage; and
a controller configured to carry out, in parallel, operations in response to a plurality of commands received from a host and queued in a command queue, wherein
when the controller detects an error in a first operation that is being carried out in response to a first command while the controller is in parallel carrying out a second operation in response to a second command, the controller continues to carry out the second operation until a predetermined condition is met while carrying out the second operation and, at that time when the predetermined condition is met, transmits an error event notification to the host, and
in a time period between detecting the error and transmitting the error event notification to the host, the controller rejects receipt of new commands from the host.

US Pat. No. 10,509,569

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ADAPTIVE COMMAND FETCH AGGREGATION

Western Digital Technolog...

1. A method comprising:receiving an indication from a host device of one or more commands available for fetching from at least one submission queue, the host device having caused the one or more commands to be stored on the at least one submission queue for a memory device to process; and
responsive to receiving the indication, the memory device:
accessing a fetching threshold, the fetching threshold indicative of a number of commands or a wait time;
determining whether the fetching threshold is met, wherein determining whether the fetching threshold is met comprises determining whether the one or more commands available for fetching is greater than or equal to the fetching threshold;
in response to determining that the fetching threshold is met, fetching the one or more commands from the at least one submission queue; and
in response to determining that the fetching threshold is not met, waiting to fetch the one or more commands from the at least one submission queue.

US Pat. No. 10,509,565

APPARATUSES, METHODS, AND COMPUTER-READABLE NON-TRANSITORY RECORDING MEDIUMS FOR ERASURE IN DATA PROCESSING

MEGACHIPS CORPORATION, O...

1. A memory device configured to be controlled by a host apparatus, the device comprising:a memory core comprising a storage area including a plurality of erasure unit areas each serving as a data erasure unit, to which output data output from the host apparatus is written;
a controller comprising circuitry configured to control the memory core; and
a first table configured to indicate a correspondence relationship between physical addresses and logical addresses, a respective physical address being assigned to a corresponding erasure unit area from the plurality of erasure unit areas,
wherein
operation modes of the controller include first to third modes,
upon receiving an erase command to perform data erasure, output from the host apparatus, and a first logical address that is the logical address output from the host apparatus together with the erase command, the controller in the first mode
sets an erasure unit area that is waiting for data erasure as an erasure waiting area for data without erasing data from the erasure unit area assigned with a first physical address that is the respective physical address associated with the first logical address in the first table,
replaces the first physical address with the respective physical address assigned to an erasure completion area that is the erasure unit area from which data has been erased in the first table,
sets the erasure completion area as an access area to which the host apparatus is configured to write data, and
upon receiving a write command to perform a data write, output from the host apparatus, and a second logical address that is the logical address output from the host apparatus together with the write command, write the output data output from the host apparatus to the access area assigned with a physical address associated with the second logical address in the first table,
the controller in the second mode
erases data from the erasure waiting area set by the controller in the first mode and sets the erasure waiting area as the erasure completion area, and
changes the operation mode from the second mode to the third mode upon receiving, from the host apparatus, a release command to release the second mode at some point in time of data erasure from the erasure waiting area, and
the controller operating in the third mode
erases un-erased data from the erasure waiting area, sets the erasure waiting area as the erasure completion area, and
changes the operation mode from the third mode to the first mode.

US Pat. No. 10,509,559

MICRO-PILLAR METHODS AND APPARATUS

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A method comprising:(a) generating a digital model of an array of micro-pillars, in such a way that the digital model describes each respective micro-pillar in the array by only three parameters, which three parameters are members of a set of parameters, which set consists of (i) height of the respective micro-pillar, (ii) a first horizontal component of a vector of the respective micro-pillar, which vector starts at a base of the respective micro-pillar and ends at a tip of the respective micro-pillar, (iii) a second horizontal component of the vector of the respective micro-pillar, (iv) base thickness of the respective micro-pillar, (v) speed of tapering of the respective micro-pillar, and (vi) acceleration of tapering of the respective micro-pillar;
(b) outputting instructions for fabrication of the array in accordance with the digital model; and
(c) fabricating, with a 3D printer, the array in accordance with the instructions.

US Pat. No. 10,509,555

MACHINE DATA ANALYSIS IN AN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ENVIRONMENT

Splunk Inc., San Francis...

1. A method, comprising:receiving a set of data values from one or more data sources;
causing display of the set of data values in a radial graph comprising a circular region having sectors with a common vertex, wherein each sector includes a radial projection that fills the sector extending from the common vertex to a level in the sector determined by mapping a corresponding data value in the set of data values to a fixed scale for the radial graph; and
upon receiving substantially real-time updates to one or more data values in the set of data values that correspond to a particular radial projection, dynamically modifying the fill of that radial projection within the corresponding sector to a level that reflects the changes in the one or more data values while maintaining the fixed scale for the radial graph.

US Pat. No. 10,509,554

METHOD FOR OUTPUTTING TARGET CONTENT AND TERMINAL THEREFOR

JRD Communication Inc., ...

1. A method for outputting a target content from a mobile terminal to a non-mobile terminal output device, the method comprising:acquiring, via the mobile terminal, the target content and displaying a target content logo on a display of the mobile terminal;
determining, via the mobile terminal, a type of the target content;
determining, via the mobile terminal, a plurality of output modes corresponding to the type of the target content;
displaying, via the display, a plurality of preset areas corresponding to the output modes around the target content logo, where each preset area, of the plurality of preset areas, is located at a position on the display that is proximate to a hardware port or a software mark corresponding to each output mode, of the plurality of output modes; and
outputting, via the mobile terminal, the target content to the non-mobile terminal output device based on a user selection of a preset area corresponding to the output device;
wherein, when an output mode cannot be represented in a position-associated manner in the form of a hardware port or a software mark, the output mode that cannot be represented in a position-related manner is represented by an operation command in a preset area that is not position associated with a hardware port or a software mark.

US Pat. No. 10,509,552

OUTPUT DEVICE CONTROL

Oath Inc., New York, NY ...

1. A method of controlling an output device, comprising:identifying an object comprising a plurality of data points;
extracting features from the plurality of data points;
identifying a set of data points from the plurality of data points based upon the set of data points having features corresponding to target features;
assigning marker elements to the set of data points;
using a mapping structure, mapping features to output indicators, to assign output indicators to marker elements; and
facilitating user navigation among the marker elements, wherein the facilitating user navigation comprises:
determining an input speed of the user navigation; and
at least one of:
in response to the input speed exceeding a first threshold speed:
generating a macro scale object comprising a second set of data points from the plurality of data points;
assigning macro marker elements to the second set of data points;
using the mapping structure to assign first output indicators to the macro marker elements; and
controlling an output device to provide at least one of the first output indicators assigned to the macro marker elements as the macro marker elements become a current focus of the user navigation; or
in response to the input speed falling below a second threshold speed:
generating a micro scale object comprising a third set of data points from the plurality of data points;
assigning micro marker elements to the third set of data points;
using the mapping structure to assign second output indicators to the micro marker elements; and
controlling the output device to provide at least one of the second output indicators assigned to the micro marker elements as the micro marker elements become the current focus of the user navigation.

US Pat. No. 10,509,551

ICON MANAGEMENT METHOD, APPARATUS, AND TERMINAL

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. An icon management method implemented by a terminal, the method comprising:setting, on a target icon of at least one target icon, different icon functions on the target icon according to a location of the target icon on a home screen and a proximity of the target icon to other target icons on the home screen;
displaying the home screen comprising the at least one target icon, wherein the target icon comprises at least two non-overlapping function regions wherein the non-overlapping function regions comprise the different icon functions, wherein the target icon comprises the icon function of the different icon functions and wherein the target icon is located at the location on the home screen, wherein the terminal comprises the home screen, and wherein the different icon functions comprise:
a first type of icon function that is different than an icon function of a first adjacent target icon based on:
a first location of the target icon; and
an adjacent position of the target icon to the first adjacent target icon, wherein the first type of icon function belongs to the target icon;
a second type of icon function that is different than an icon function of a second adjacent target icon based on:
a second location of the target icon; and
an adjacent position of the target icon to the second adjacent target icon, wherein the second type of icon function belongs to the target icon; and
a third type of icon function based on:
the first location or the second location; and
the target icon not in an adjacent position to the other target icons, wherein the third type of icon function belongs to the target icon, wherein each type of icon function of the first type of icon function, the second type of icon function, and the third type of icon function is different, wherein each location of the first location, and the second location is different, and wherein each of the first type of icon function, the second of icon function, and the third type of icon function belong to the target function;
receiving a first user instruction;
selecting, using the first user instruction, the target icon;
obtaining each of a selected target icon and a target non-overlapping function region from the non-overlapping function regions based on the selecting;
determining a target icon function of the icon functions corresponding to the target non-overlapping function region according to the location and the proximity of the target icon to other target icons on the home screen; and
executing the target icon function on the selected target icon.

US Pat. No. 10,509,550

DISPLAY DEVICE CHANGING DISPLAYED IMAGE IN ACCORDANCE WITH DEPRESSED STATE ON TOUCH PANEL AND IMAGE PROCESSING DEVICE USING SAME

KYOCERA DOCUMENT SOLUTION...

1. A display device that displays an image based on image data, comprising:a touch panel that transforms image data into a rectangular image and displays the rectangular image on a screen,
a depressed time measuring section that measures depressed time in an area of the rectangular image displayed on the touch panel by detecting depression on the touch panel and measuring the time during depression using a timer,
a determining section that determines whether the depressed time measured by the depressed time measuring section is longer than a prescribed period of time,
a virtual line displaying section that displays a virtual line extending in a diagonal direction of the rectangular image the depressed time measured by the depressed time measuring section of which is determined to be longer than the prescribed period of time by the determining section such that the length of the virtual line should become longer than the length of the diagonal line if the determining section determines that the depressed time is longer than the prescribed period of time,
a display mode changing section that changes display modes of the image that has been displayed on the touch panel depending on a depressed state of a virtual line displayed by the virtual line displaying section, and
a virtual line hiding section that hides the virtual line displayed by the virtual line displaying section,
wherein the display mode changing section waits until the display mode changing section detects a depression on the virtual line, and if the display mode changing section detects the depression on the virtual line, the display mode changing section magnifies or reduces the display size of the image such that a corner of the image is located at the depressed position on the virtual line,
the virtual line hiding section hides the virtual line if the depression in an area not on the virtual line is detected, and
the display mode changing section magnifies the display size of the image such that the corner of the image is located at the depressed position on the virtual line if the display mode changing section detects a depression area out of the displayed area of the rectangular image, and reduces the display size of the image such that the corner of the image is located at the depressed position on the virtual line if the display mode changing section detects a depression area inside of the displayed area of the rectangular image.

US Pat. No. 10,509,548

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FLEXIBLE CONFIGURATION OF A CONTROLLING DEVICE

Universal Electronics Inc...

1. A non-transitory computer-readable media having stored thereon instruction which, when executed by a processing device of a controlling device, configure the controlling device to command functional operations of an intended target appliance by performing steps comprising:receiving at the controlling device a non-appliance specific graphical user interface comprised of user interface elements that are associated with functional operations of a virtual equivalent of the intended target appliance;
causing the controlling device to obtain from the network ecosystem a data indicative of a physical node that is associated with the intended target appliance at a time subsequent to the non-appliance specific graphical user interface being received at the controlling device; and
using the data indicative of the physical node that is associated with the intended target appliance to automatically establish within the controlling device a link between the non-appliance specific graphical user interface and the physical node that is associated with the intended target appliance whereupon activation of those user interface elements of the non-appliance specific graphical user interface that were associated with functional operations of the virtual equivalent of the intended target appliance will cause the controlling device to transmit commands to the physical node to control corresponding functional operations of the intended target appliance.

US Pat. No. 10,509,543

CONTROL METHOD FOR ORDERING OF A DISPLAYED LIST, AND CONTROL APPARATUS AND STORAGE MEDIUM PROVIDED THEREWITH

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A control method, performed by at least one processor by executing a program stored in a memory, for displaying a list in which a plurality of elements is sorted in accordance with a predetermined rule, the control method comprising:specifying one of the elements in the list as a designated element which is designated by a user;
determining an order of the designated element in the list based on the predetermined rule;
acquiring, in a case where an addition element is added to the list while the list is displayed in a predetermined display area, an order for the addition element in the list into which the addition element is inserted, wherein the order is determined based on the predetermined rule and the plurality of elements which have been included in the list; and
displaying the list in which the addition element is added, in the predetermined display area, based on an order of the designated element specified in the specifying and the acquired order of the addition element,
wherein at the displaying, in a case where the order of the addition element is higher than the order of the designated element, one or more display positions of one or more elements having one or more orders lower than the designated element and the designated element are not changed from their respective positions in the list before the addition, and one or more display positions of one or more elements having one or more orders higher than the designated element are changed from their respective positions in the list before the addition, and
wherein at the displaying, in a case where the order of the addition element is lower than the order of the designated element, one or more display positions of one or more elements having one or more orders higher than the designated element and the designated element are not changed from their respective positions in the list before the addition, and one or more display positions of one or more elements having one or more orders lower than the designated element are changed from their respective positions in the list before the addition.

US Pat. No. 10,509,541

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GENERATING GEOGRAPHICAL MAPS FOR INITIATING DISCOVERY OF A COMPUTER NETWORK

ServiceNow, Inc., Santa ...

1. A system for generating a geographical map usable for initiating discovery of network subnets within a computer network, the system comprising:a memory; and
a processor,
wherein the memory includes instructions executable by the processor to:
receive a hierarchy of geo-location identifiers corresponding to levels indicating degrees of geographical abstraction;
receive a listing of network subnets having associated geo-location identifiers included in the hierarchy of geo-location identifiers;
map geo-location identifiers from the listing to corresponding levels according to the hierarchy of geo-location identifiers;
generate a graphical user interface including a geographical map that comprises user interface elements associated with geo-location identifiers corresponding to a first level of the hierarchy of geo-location identifiers;
receive a selection of a user interface element of the user interface elements of the geographical map, wherein the user interface element corresponds to a selected geo-location identifier;
determine a set of network subnets associated with the selected geo-location identifier and at least one agent software instance configured to perform discovery against the set of network subnets; and
initiate discovery of the set of network subnets associated with the selected geo-location identifier that corresponds to the selected user interface element, based on the selection of the user interface element of the geographical map, using the at least one agent software instance.

US Pat. No. 10,509,539

DISPLAY CONTROL DEVICE, NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER-READABLE MEDIUM, AND CONTAINING INSTRUCTIONS TO CONTROL DISPLAY DEVICE

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A display control device for an image processing apparatus having multiple functions, comprising:a non-transitory storage medium storing instructions thereon;
a display device configured to display an image;
a controller configured to read the instructions in the non-transitory storage medium; and
a storage device configured to store:
a function selection screen to select one function of the multiple functions of the image processing apparatus;
a sub-functions list screen including sub-functions which are related to the one function selected in the function selection screen; and
a functional item setting screen, which corresponds to individual one of the sub-functions, including at least settings of a corresponding sub-function, the image processing apparatus being configured to execute a process related to the individual one of the sub-functions with using the settings set in the functional item setting screen,
the instructions causing, when executed by the controller, the display control device to:
display the function selection screen;
in response to accepting a selection of a particular sub-function from among the sub-functions displayed on the sub-functions list screen, display the functional item setting screen corresponding to the particular sub-function;
set one of the sub-functions list screen and the functional item setting screen corresponding to the particular sub-function as a first hierarchy screen and store the setting of the first hierarchy screen in the storage device, the first hierarchy screen being a screen to be displayed on the display device in response to a selection of the one function in the function selection screen;
in response to accepting a selection of the one function from among the multiple functions displayed on the function selection screen, while the setting of the first hierarchy screen has been stored in the storage device,
display the sub-functions list screen when the sub-functions list screen has been set as the first hierarchy screen in the stored setting in the storage device; and
display the functional item setting screen corresponding to the particular sub-function, when the functional item setting screen has been set as the first hierarchy screen in the stored setting in the storage device without displaying the sub-functions list screen after the selection of the one function and before displaying the function item setting screen.

US Pat. No. 10,509,536

ITEM SELECTION USING ENHANCED CONTROL

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:determining, after an object is displayed in a user interface, a position of a non-control portion of the object in the user interface, wherein the object comprises:
a control portion used for item selection, and
the non-control portion;
responsive to the determining of the position of the non-control portion of the object in the user interface, defining a guide line at a location within the user interface based on:
the determined position of the non-control portion of the object, and
a determined range of motion of the control portion of the object:
displaying, without overlapping with the non-control portion of the object, a plurality of items aligned with the guide line, wherein the determining the position of the non-control portion of the object in the user interface occurs before the plurality of items are displayed;
highlighting, without moving the guide line, a subset of the plurality of items; receiving a selection of one item of the subset; and
outputting, based on receiving the selection of one item of the subset, the selected item.

US Pat. No. 10,509,535

PERFORMING VIRTUAL REALITY INPUT

Alibaba Group Holding Lim...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:presenting, by a virtual reality (VR) device, a virtual element in a VR scenario of a VR application;
determining an effective interaction region (EIR) of the virtual element that the virtual element can effectively interact with, the EIR having an area less than an area of the virtual element;
determining, based on a movement sensed by the VR device, coordinates of an operation focus of the VR application in an XY reference in the VR scenario;
generating, based upon the determined coordinates, a trajectory of the operational focus of the VR application in the VR scenario;
detecting, by the VR application, whether the trajectory passes through the EIR of the virtual element; and
selecting, by the VR device, the virtual element if a continuous V-shaped movement interaction between the trajectory of the operational focus and the EIR satisfies one or more conditions of interaction for triggering a selection event of the virtual element, the one or more conditions of interaction include initiation and termination of the continuous V-shaped movement interaction at locations outside of the area of the virtual element, and the trajectory of the operational focus intersects with the two parallel boundaries of the EIR more than four times within a predetermined time period.

US Pat. No. 10,509,534

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF PROVIDING AUTOMATED CUSTOMER SERVICE WITH AUGMENTED REALITY AND SOCIAL MEDIA INTEGRATION

1. A device, comprising:a display;
a sensor for detecting three dimensional objects;
a processing system including a processor coupled to the display and sensor; and
a memory that stores executable instructions that, when executed by the processing system, facilitate performance of operations, the operations comprising:
identifying a three dimensional object proximal to a user of the device;
tracking and storing a position of the three dimensional object;
creating an augmented reality (AR) presentation with guidance information indicating an action in a process performed by the user, wherein the AR presentation includes an image of the three dimensional object;
displaying the AR presentation to the user;
sensing user activity associated with the three dimensional object;
comparing the user activity to metadata in the AR presentation describing a process that is performed by the user; and
responsive to the comparing, supplementing the AR presentation with an enhancement rendering a visual image of the three dimensional object in real time, wherein the enhancement rendering the visual image comprises guidance to the user indicating performance of a next step in the process by the user, and wherein the enhancement comprises highlighting one or more objects in the AR presentation with the guidance information indicating subsequent actions by the user to continue performing the process.

US Pat. No. 10,509,533

SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF GENERATING AUGMENTED REALITY (AR) OBJECTS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for generating one or more augmented reality (AR) objects by a mobile device, the method comprising:capturing, by a camera of the mobile device based on instructions from an application executed on the mobile device, a digital image of one or more physical objects;
segmenting the digital image into one or more areas corresponding to the one or more physical objects and one or more areas corresponding to a background;
generating, from the digital image, one or more digital representations of the one or more physical objects in the digital image, the one or more digital representations of the one or more physical objects being generated using data from the digital image in the one or more areas corresponding to the one or more physical objects;
converting, by a processor of the mobile device based on instructions from the application, the one or more digital representations of the one or more physical objects in the digital image to one or more two-dimensional augmented reality (AR) objects, wherein converting the one or more digital representations of the one or more physical objects to the one or more two-dimensional AR objects causes the one or more digital representations to be editable versions of the one or more physical objects;
dividing a two-dimensional AR object of the one or more two-dimensional AR objects into a plurality of parts;
editing a geometry of the two-dimensional AR object based on a user input, the editing including at least one of adding a depth effect to at least one part of the two-dimensional AR object and manipulating a designated part of the plurality of parts based on the user input, the added depth effect causing the at least one part to appear to have more than two dimensions when displayed;
augmenting a target image using the one or more two-dimensional AR objects; and
displaying the augmented target image on the mobile device based on instructions from the application.

US Pat. No. 10,509,530

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROCESSING TOUCH INPUT

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a touch screen including a flat area and a curved area extending from a peripheral edge of the flat area to form a sidewall area of the electronic device, wherein the curved area is functionally divided from the flat area;
at least one processor; and
at least one memory storing instructions, which when executed by the at least one processor, cause the electronic device to:
receive a touch input on the touch screen,
process the touch input if a location of the touch input is in the flat area, and
disregard the touch input if the touch input is in the sidewall area and a pre-defined condition is satisfied,
wherein the pre-defined condition comprises that a duration of the touch input in the sidewall area exceeds a threshold duration, a size of a contact area of the touch input in the sidewall area exceeds a threshold size, and a shape of the contact area matches a predetermined shape.

US Pat. No. 10,509,528

MECHANISM FOR PARTIAL PAGE REFRESH USING URL ADDRESSABLE HIERARCHICAL PAGE STRUCTURE

OPEN TEXT CORPORATION, W...

1. A method of partially refreshing a page, comprising:at a client computer displaying a multi-level page associated with a first uniform source locator (URL), receiving a navigation URL by an application at the client computer in response to a user interaction, the navigation URL including a URL portion usable to retrieve page content data to be used to partially refresh the multi-level page;
processing the navigation URL at the client computer to determine a place within a page hierarchy of the multi-level page at which a partial refresh is to be performed based at least in part on the URL portion, said processing comprising comparing the navigation URL to the first URL to determine the place in the page hierarchy of the multi-level page at which the partial refresh is to be performed;
using the URL portion to retrieve the page content data from a server; and
refreshing the place in the page hierarchy with the page content data.

US Pat. No. 10,509,525

TOUCH PANEL

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A touch panel comprising:a first sheet;
a second sheet, the first sheet and the second sheet opposing each other with a gap therebetween;
a main conductive path formed on an inner surface of the second sheet;
a supplementary conductive path formed on the inner surface of the second sheet and spaced apart from the main conductive path as viewed in a normal direction of the first sheet; and
a structure disposed between the first sheet and the second sheet and configured to form a contact point, the contact point overlapping the main conductive path and the supplementary conductive path as viewed in the normal direction,
wherein
the structure is supported by a supporting member in a state in which the contact point is not in contact with either the main conductive path or the supplementary conductive path, and
upon downward pressing of an edge of the structure through the second sheet, the structure pivots using the supporting member as a fulcrum point to cause the contact point to contact the main conductive path and the supplementary conductive path.

US Pat. No. 10,509,524

TOUCH SENSOR FILM AND TOUCH PANEL

FUJIFILM Corporation, Mi...

1. A touch sensor film comprising:a transparent support having a thickness smaller than 80 ?m; and
mesh electrodes which are disposed on surfaces of the support and have a mesh pattern formed of thin metal wires,
wherein, in the support provided with the mesh electrodes, an absolute value of thermal shrinkage in a machine direction is within 0.6%, an absolute value of thermal shrinkage in a transverse direction orthogonal to the machine direction is within 0.2%, and a ten-point average roughness of a surface ruggedness shape is equal to or smaller than 6.1 ?m, and
wherein the ten-point average roughness of the surface ruggedness shape is calculated by a height of a range of 10 cm×10 cm of the touch sensor film measured using a scanning type laser displacement meter, and as measurement conditions for the scanning type laser displacement meter, scanning directions are provided in two directions of an X axis and a Y axis orthogonal to each other, and a diameter of a laser beam is set as 0.07 mm, and a measurement pitch is set as 1 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,509,521

INPUT DEVICE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. An input device comprising:a first substrate having a first surface and a second surface;
a light-emitting element unit including
a first electrode unit that is formed on a second surface side of the first substrate, that includes a plurality of first conductive layers formed in one layer,
a second electrode unit that is formed on the second surface side in a layer different from the layer of the first electrode unit and including a plurality of second conductive layers each having a size overlapping with one of the first conductive layers in planar view,
a plurality of luminescent layers electrically in contact with at least a part of the first electrode unit, each of the luminescent layers being provided between the first electrode unit and the second electrode unit and being electrically in contact with one of the first conductive layers and one of the second conductive layers overlapping with the first conductive layer in planar view, and
a light-blocking unit made of a metal material having metallic luster, and provided closer to the first surface than the luminescent layer; and
a third electrode unit that is formed on the second surface, that is insulated from the first conductive layers, and that serves as a proximity detection electrode to detect a change in an electric field between the first conductive layers and the third electrode unit depending on coordinates of a proximity object present at a position overlapping with the first surface in planar view and output a proximity detection signal,
wherein the luminescent layers emit light in a direction away from the second surface without facing the first surface,
wherein the first surface functions as a reference plane for input coordinates of the proximity object in a drive selection period when the electric field is generated between the first conductive layers and the third electrode unit by a first drive signal pulse being input to the first conductive layers and a second drive signal pulse being input to the second conductive layers, a first rising direction of the first drive signal pulse and a second rising direction of the second drive signal pulse being identical, and
wherein a first potential difference between the first conductive layers and the second conductive layers in a non-drive selection period is same as a second potential difference between the first conductive layers and the second conductive layers in the drive selection period.

US Pat. No. 10,509,518

TOUCH SUBSTRATE, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A touch substrate, comprising a plurality of self-capacitive electrodes arranged in a plurality of electrode rows and a plurality of electrode columns, whereina planar shape of each self-capacitive electrode on a surface provided with the plurality of self-capacitive electrodes comprises a body section and a plurality of projections extending from a first side of the body section;
the plurality of projections extend along a first direction and sequentially arranged along a second direction, and the second direction is intercrossed with the first direction;
on the surface provided with the plurality of self-capacitive electrodes, a recessed portion is encircled by every two projections and the body section of each self-capacitive electrode; and in the recessed portion is provided with one of a plurality of projections of another self-capacitive electrode;
sizes of the plurality of self-capacitive electrodes in the second direction are same; and
the planar shapes of the plurality of self-capacitive electrodes are same, so as to allow the one of the plurality of projections of the another self-capacitive electrode to be provided in the recessed portion.

US Pat. No. 10,509,516

TOUCH PANEL MANUFACTURING METHOD, TOUCH PANEL, TOUCH SCREEN AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A method for manufacturing a touch panel, comprising steps of:forming, on a transparent substrate, a non-opaque film layer with a plurality of micro-patterns;
forming an ink border on the non-opaque film layer with the micro-patterns;
forming a touch panel electrode on the non-opaque film layer; and
forming a planarization layer on the touch panel electrode,
wherein the non-opaque film layer is configured to vanish a shadow of the touch panel electrode;
the planarization layer is on a surface of the touch panel electrode away from the non-opaque film layer, and the planarization layer is in a physical contact with the touch panel electrode;
wherein the touch panel further comprises an ink border on the non-opaque film layer, the touch panel electrode is at a side of the ink border away from the non-opaque film layer;
the plurality of micro-patterns are separated from the touch panel electrode; and
the plurality of micro-patterns and the touch panel electrode are respectively arranged at a side of the ink border adjacent to the transparent substrate and a side of the ink border adjacent to the planarization layer.

US Pat. No. 10,509,515

TOUCH INPUT DETECTION WITH SHARED RECEIVERS

Sentons Inc., (KY)

1. A system, comprising:a first transmitter and a second transmitter coupled to a propagating medium;
a first receiver and a second receiver coupled to the propagating medium, wherein:
the first transmitter transmits a first propagating signal to the first receiver through a first region of the propagating medium;
the first transmitter transmits a second propagating signal to the second receiver through a second region of the propagating medium;
the second transmitter transmits a third propagating signal to the first receiver through a third region of the propagating medium;
the second transmitter transmits a fourth propagating signal to the second receiver through a fourth region of the propagating medium;
the first region is a subset of the third region; and
the fourth region is a subset of the second region; and
a processor configured to identify a touch input to the propagating medium based on one or more of the following: (1) a determination that the third propagating signal was interfered with while the first propagating signal was not interfered with or (2) a determination that the second propagating signal was interfered with while the fourth propagating signal was not interfered with, wherein an output device in the system updates in response to the touch input to the propagating medium being identified by the processor.

US Pat. No. 10,509,503

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF DRIVING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A method of driving a display device, the method comprising:sensing a touch signal from a plurality of touch electrodes in a touch panel;
sensing a force signal from a force sensor;
based on the sensed touch signal, determining whether or not the touch panel is in a submerged state;
when the touch panel is determined to be in the submerged state, increasing sensing periods of the touch signal and the force signal;
detecting a baseline variation of the force sensor;
based on the detected baseline variation, changing a sensing reference value of the force sensor;
based on the increasing the sensing periods, sensing the force signal equal to or greater to the changed sensing reference value through the force sensor; and
when the force signal equal to or greater to the changed sensing reference value is sensed through the force sensor, decreasing the sensing periods.

US Pat. No. 10,509,500

TOUCH DISPLAY APPARATUS

Au Optronics Corporation,...

1. A touch display apparatus comprising:a first substrate;
a first sub-pixel disposed on the first substrate;
a spacer disposed on the first substrate;
a second substrate disposed opposite to the first substrate; and
a touch-sensing electrode disposed on the second substrate and having a first opening, wherein the spacer is located inside the first opening in an orthogonal projection direction, a distance D is defined between an outline of an orthogonal projection of the spacer on the first substrate and an outline of an orthogonal projection of the first opening on the first substrate, and D?5 ?m (micrometers).

US Pat. No. 10,509,498

FOLDABLE DISPLAY DEVICE

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A foldable display device comprising:a lower base material and an upper base material, each base material including at least one folding part and non-folding parts in a display area;
a thin film transistor array on the lower base material;
an organic light emitting array on the thin film transistor array;
a touch electrode array disposed on the upper base material, and oppositely bonded to the organic light emitting array by an adhesive layer; and
a plurality of wirings having a zigzag shape and uneven depth level in the folding part on the upper base material,
wherein the touch electrode array includes a plurality of grooves overlapping the plurality of wirings in the folding part, and
wherein the wirings pass under the grooves and include first irregular parts that are uneven in a region corresponding to the grooves.

US Pat. No. 10,509,496

TOUCH DRIVING CIRCUIT, TOUCH PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A touch driving circuit for driving a touch panel, comprising:an input subcircuit, configured to receive an input signal which scans forward or backward;
a shift register subcircuit, configured to shift register the input signal to generate an output control signal;
an enable signal input subcircuit, configured to control an output of an output enable signal of an integrated circuit according to the output control signal; and
an output subcircuit, configured to output a corresponding output signal for driving the touch panel according to the output enable signal,
wherein the shift register subcircuit comprises a first group of NAND gates and a second group of NAND gates that are connected in an end-to-end fashion,
the first group of NAND gates comprises a first NAND gate and a second NAND gate, the second group of NAND gates comprises a third NAND gate and a fourth NAND gate,
an input end of the first NAND gate is connected to a clock signal, another input end of the first NAND gate is connected to an output end of the second NAND gate, an output end of the first NAND gate is connected to an input end of the second NAND gate, an input end of the fourth NAND gate and an output end of the shift register subcircuit,
another input end of the second NAND gate is connected to an output end of the fourth NAND gate and an input end of the third NAND gate,
another input end of the third NAND gate receives the input signal outputted from the input subcircuit, and an output end of the third NAND gate is connected to another input end of the fourth NAND gate.

US Pat. No. 10,509,493

NAVIGATION DEVICE WITH LOW POWER CONSUMPTION AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF

PIXART IMAGING INC., Hsi...

1. A navigation device, configured to detect displacement with respect to a surface, the navigation device comprising:a memory configured to store a plurality of frame periods and a plurality of frame period extended values, wherein each of the frame period extended values is corresponding to one of the frame periods, at least one of the frame period extended values is equal to 1 and at least another one of the frame period extended values is larger than 1 and equal to 2n, where n is a positive integer;
an image sensor configured to capture a first pair of image frames;
a processor electrically coupled to the memory and the image sensor, and configured to
calculate a current displacement according to the first pair of image frames,
determine a next frame period and a corresponding frame period extended value (FPX1) according to the calculated current displacement,
enter a low power mode when the FPX1 is larger than 1 and the current displacement is larger than a high displacement threshold,
deactivate the image sensor within an inactive period, during which no image frame is captured by the image sensor, after the low power mode is entered, wherein the inactive period is equal to (2×FPX1?1)×(the next frame period),
control the image sensor to capture a second pair of image frames separated by the next frame period after the inactive period, and
accumulate an accumulated displacement, which is calculated according to the second pair of image frames, for 2×FPX1 times,
wherein the low power mode corresponds to multiple frame period extended values larger than 1 and equal to 2n, and
a time interval from a first image frame of the first pair of image frames to an end of the inactive period is not changed even though a different frame period extended value is determined in the low power mode.

US Pat. No. 10,509,492

MOBILE DEVICE COMPRISING STYLUS PEN AND OPERATION METHOD THEREFOR

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A mobile device comprising a stylus pen, the mobile device comprising:a communication unit configured to receive a control signal from the stylus pen; and
a controller configured to operate in one from among a first control mode, in which the stylus pen is used for remotely controlling at least one operation of an application being executed on the mobile device via the control signal, and a second control mode, in which the stylus pen is used for controlling the at least one operation of the application being executed on the mobile device by providing a touch input on a touchscreen of the mobile device;
a sensing unit configured to determine whether the stylus pen is in a proximity to the mobile device,
wherein the sensing unit is further configured to, while the controller operates in the first control mode, determine that the stylus pen has approached the touchscreen to be in the proximity of the mobile device, based on the stylus pen being within a certain distance or less from the touchscreen, and
wherein, based on the sensing unit determining that the stylus pen is in the proximity of the mobile device, the controller is further configured to change from the first control mode to the second control mode.

US Pat. No. 10,509,490

TOUCH MODULE AND ELECTRONIC COMPUTING DEVICE WITH SAME

PRIMAX ELECTRONICS LTD., ...

1. A touch module, comprising:an upper plate;
a lower plate separately located under the upper plate;
a hinge structure arranged between a first end of the upper plate and a first end of the lower plate, wherein the first end of the upper plate and the first end of the lower plate are pivotally coupled to each other through the hinge structure, so that a second end of the upper plate is permitted to be swung relative to a second end of the lower plate;
an elastomer arranged between the upper plate and the lower plate; and
a touchpad assembly located over the upper plate, wherein a switch element is located under the touchpad assembly and aligned with the second end of the lower plate,
wherein while the touchpad assembly is pressed down and the upper plate is moved with the touchpad assembly, the second end of the upper plate is swung downwardly relative to the second end of the lower plate and the switch element is triggered, wherein when the touchpad assembly is no longer pressed, the elastomer provides an elastic force to the upper plate, wherein in response to the elastic force, the second end of the upper plate is swung upwardly relative to the second end of the lower plate and the touchpad assembly is returned to an original position,
wherein an upper plate positioning part is protruded downwardly from the upper plate, the lower plate further comprises a lower plate perforation corresponding to the upper plate positioning part, and the touch module further comprises a positioning element, wherein the positioning element comprises a positioning contact part that is protruded from an outer periphery of the positioning element, and an outer diameter of the positioning contact part is larger than an outer diameter of the lower plate perforation, wherein while the positioning element is penetrated through the lower plate perforation and inserted upwardly into the upper plate positioning part, the positioning contact part is contacted with a bottom surface of the lower plate in response to the elastic force of the elastomer provided to the upper plate.

US Pat. No. 10,509,488

SIMULATION SYSTEM FOR OPERATING POSITION OF A POINTER

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A simulation system comprising:a display section configured to display an image of an article based on article data representing a shape and coordinates of the article;
an operation terminal device comprising an operating section, the operation terminal device being configured to be used by a user holding the operation terminal device with a hand to operate a position of a pointer displayed on the display section by moving the operation terminal device;
a data storage section configured to store the article data;
a first detecting section configured to detect a position and an orientation of the operation terminal device;
a second detecting section configured to calculate first coordinates of the pointer, based on the position and the orientation of the operation terminal device detected by the first detecting section;
an offset section configured to obtain second coordinates by adding a predetermined offset amount to the first coordinates;
a locus generating section configured to generate a first line represented by a locus of the second coordinates, each endpoint of the locus respectively being the second coordinates obtained by the offset section when the operating section is first operated, and the second coordinates obtained by the offset section when the operating section is operated for a second time after the operating section is first operated and the operation terminal device is moved; and
a first determining section configured to make a determination, based on the coordinates included in the article data and line data representing the first line, whether the first line has come in contact with the article displayed on the display section.

US Pat. No. 10,509,479

MULTI-SENSOR BASED USER INTERFACE

NVIDIA Corporation, Sant...

1. An apparatus for gesture detection and recognition, the apparatus comprising:a processing element;
a radar sensor;
a depth sensor; and
an optical sensor, wherein the radar sensor, the depth sensor, and the optical sensor are coupled to the processing element, wherein the processing element is configured to identify a type of gesture, wherein the data acquired with the radar sensor is registered to the data acquired with the depth sensor to produce registration information for the radar sensor and the depth sensor, wherein the registration information is used with calibration information for the optical sensor and the depth sensor to produce a velocity image comprising a plurality of pixels and a velocity value per pixel in the plurality of pixels, and wherein velocity values of the velocity image are used by the processing element to classify the gesture.

US Pat. No. 10,509,478

RADAR-BASED GESTURE-RECOGNITION FROM A SURFACE RADAR FIELD ON WHICH AN INTERACTION IS SENSED

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A system comprising:a radar-based gesture-recognition system configured to sense gestures, the radar-based gesture-recognition system comprising:
(1) a microwave radio element configured to emit microwave radiation capable of substantially penetrating clothing and not substantially penetrating human tissue, and
(2) an antenna element or signal processor configured to differentiate gesture interactions caused by clothing from gesture interactions caused by human tissue;
one or more computer processors; and
one or more computer-readable storage media having instructions stored thereon that, responsive to execution by the one or more computer processors, perform operations comprising:
causing the radar-based gesture-recognition system to provide, using the microwave radio element, a localized radar field adjacent the system, the localized radar field corresponding to a surface radar field on which an interaction is sensed, the surface radar field conforming to a surface of an object and being divided into selectable control regions;
causing the radar-based gesture-recognition system to sense the interaction on the surface radar field, the interaction interrupting one or more of the selectable control regions of the surface radar field at or near the surface of the object;
determining a two-dimensional gesture or a three-dimensional gesture based on the sensed interaction on the surface radar field; and
outputting data corresponding to the determined gesture.

US Pat. No. 10,509,477

DATA SERVICES BASED ON GESTURE AND LOCATION INFORMATION OF DEVICE

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A computer system, comprising:one or more processors;
one or more directional sensors; and
one or more computer-readable media having stored thereon computer-executable instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the computer system to perform at least the following:
identify a point of interest that is spatially-related to the computer system, based at least on a detected geographical location of the computer system and on directional information received from the one or more directional sensors;
display a first visualization of a first type that represents the geographical location, including displaying a first indication of the point of interest within the first visualization;
detect a gesture at the computer system; and
based at least on detecting the gesture, display a second visualization of a second type that also represents the geographical location, including displaying a second indication of the point of interest within the second visualization.

US Pat. No. 10,509,474

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SHAPE INPUT AND OUTPUT FOR A HAPTICALLY-ENABLED DEFORMABLE SURFACE

Immersion Corporation, S...

1. A computing device comprising:a deformable housing;
a processor; and
a memory device comprising program code that is executable by the processor to cause the processor to:
detect that a predetermined surface of the computing device is facing toward a remote object based on a first sensor signal from a position sensor;
determine that the computing device is to interact with the remote object based on detecting that the predetermined surface of the computing device is facing toward the remote object;
detect a deformation in the deformable housing based on a second sensor signal from a deformation sensor;
interact with the remote object in a particular manner that is dependent on the deformation detected in the deformable housing and the predetermined surface of the computing device facing toward the remote object;
in response to the interaction with the remote object;
determine that a function of a particular type is to be performed based at least in part on the interaction;
cause the function to be executed; and
select a haptic effect from a plurality of haptic effects based at least in part of the function; and
transmit a haptic signal to a haptic output device that is coupled to or communicatively couplable to the computing device, the haptic signal being configured to cause the haptic output device to output the haptic effect associated with the interaction between the computing d device and the remote object.

US Pat. No. 10,509,473

PROVIDING HAPTIC FEEDBACK ON A SCREEN

PAYPAL, INC., San Jose, ...

1. A system, comprising:one or more computer-readable memories storing program instructions; and
one or more processors configured to execute the program instructions to cause the system to perform operations comprising:
monitoring current user activity on a computing device;
determining that the current user activity corresponds to a predetermined user activity and is within a threshold distance of an application icon; and
in response to the determining that the current user activity corresponds to the predetermined user activity and is within the threshold distance of the application icon, causing haptic feedback to be provided on a display screen of the computing device,
wherein the haptic feedback simulates a sequence of bumps on the display screen,
wherein the sequence of bumps identify an application associated with the application icon, and
wherein the sequence of bumps mimic a braille phrase corresponding to a name of the application.

US Pat. No. 10,509,469

DEVICES FOR CONTROLLING COMPUTERS BASED ON MOTIONS AND POSITIONS OF HANDS

FINCH TECHNOLOGIES LTD., ...

1. A data input device comprising:a base unit adapted to be strapped to a backside of a hand of a user;
a plurality of inertial sensor units;
a plurality of rings configured to be worn on fingers of the hand of the user, wherein the plurality of inertial sensor units are respectively mounted in the plurality of rings, each of the plurality of rings includes a respective wireless transceiver to transmit sensor data to the base unit, each of the plurality of rings is communicatively coupled to the base unit via the respective wireless transceiver;
one or more touch input devices, wherein the one or more touch input devices includes a touchpad device mounted on one of the plurality of rings and adapted to receive touch inputs activated by a thumb of the hand of the user;
a microcontroller configured to collect sensor data from the inertial sensor units and the one or more touch input devices, and to process the sensor data to generate processed sensor data, wherein the base unit houses the microcontroller;
a plurality of vibration haptic actuators communicatively coupled to the microcontroller, wherein each actuator is at a respective one of the rings;
a first wireless transceiver configured to transmit the processed sensor data to a host computer, wherein the base unit further houses the first wireless transceiver; and
an arm module adapted to be secured to a shoulder or upper arm of the user, wherein the arm module houses an additional inertial sensor unit and a second wireless transceiver, wherein the arm module and base unit are independently moveable with respect to one another, and wherein the arm module is configured to record manual input data and transmit the recorded data to the base unit for further processing.

US Pat. No. 10,509,466

HEADWEAR WITH COMPUTER AND OPTICAL ELEMENT FOR USE THEREWITH AND SYSTEMS UTILIZING SAME

Snap Inc., Santa Monica,...

1. An apparatus comprising:a support structure for mounting on the head of a user;
a microcomputer carried by the support structure;
an inwardly-facing camera mounted on the support structure, the inwardly-facing camera producing eye tracking video of an eye that is processed by the microcomputer, wherein the microcomputer processes the eye tracking video to track pupil position;
an outwardly-facing camera mounted on the support structure, the outwardly-facing camera capturing images similar to images capturable by the left and right eyes of the user;
a display mounted on the support structure, wherein the microcomputer generates an image stream from the captured images of the outwardly-facing camera and causes the image stream to be displayed on the display as displayed data, wherein the microcomputer further alters the displayed data to cause a rendered object in the displayed data to move according to an eye movement of the user, based on the tracked pupil position; and
a transceiver coupled with the microcomputer, wherein the microcomputer executes a first part of a procedure to extract data from images captured by the outwardly-facing camera, and sends a second part of the procedure to a mobile computer via the transceiver for execution of the second part of the procedure on the mobile computer, the result of the second part of the procedure made available to the microcomputer.

US Pat. No. 10,509,464

TRACKING TORSO LEANING TO GENERATE INPUTS FOR COMPUTER SYSTEMS

FINCH TECHNOLOGIES LTD., ...

1. A system, comprising:a plurality of sensor modules, each having an inertial measurement unit and attached to a portion of the user to generate motion data identifying an orientation of the portion of the user, wherein the plurality of sensor modules includes at least a first sensor module attached to a left upper arm of the user and a second sensor module attached to a right upper arm of the user; and
a computing device coupled to the plurality of sensor modules and configured to:
calculate a horizontal, front facing direction of a torso of the user;
identify a type of a current pose of the user based at least in part on the sensor modules;
select a torso leaning model according to the type;
project lengthwise directions of upper arms of the user in a vertical plane that contains the front facing direction or is perpendicular to the front facing direction; and
calculate a leaning angle of the torso based on the projected lengthwise directions according to the selected torso leaning model.

US Pat. No. 10,509,460

TRANSPARENT DISPLAY APPARATUS AND METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A transparent display apparatus, comprising:a transparent display;
a sensor comprising:
a first sensor configured to sense a position of a user located in a first direction, and
a second sensor configured to sense illumination intensity in the first direction and illumination intensity in a second direction different from the first direction; and
a processor configured to:
control the transparent display to display information, and
based on the sensed position of the user and the sensed illumination intensities, adjust at least one of brightness values or color values of pixel areas corresponding to the displayed information.

US Pat. No. 10,509,459

SCENE-BASED SENSOR NETWORKS

SCENERA, INC., Palo Alto...

1. A computer-implemented method for specifying and obtaining a variety of sensor data and processed sensor data related to a Scene, the method comprising:communicating a SceneMode from an application to a sensor-side technology stack via a Scene-based application programming interface (API), the sensor-side technology stack comprising a group of one or more sensor devices; and
receiving SceneData from the sensor-side technology stack via the Scene-based API, in response to the communication of the SceneMode to the sensor-side technology stack, the SceneData organized into SceneShots that are samples of the Scene;
wherein:
the SceneData is generated by the sensor-side technology stack based on a plurality of different types of sensor data captured by the sensor group;
the SceneMode does not specify all of the sensor data captured by the sensor group; but the sensor-side technology stack determines, based on the SceneMode, the sensor data that is not specified by the SceneMode;
the SceneData includes SceneData that results from analysis of the captured sensor data; and
the SceneMode does not specify all of the analysis performed by the sensor-side technology stack; but the sensor-side technology stack determines, based on the SceneMode, the analysis not specified by the SceneMode.

US Pat. No. 10,509,457

ADAPTIVE FREQUENCY OPTIMIZATION IN PROCESSORS

International Business Ma...

1. A method for adaptive frequency in a processor having a plurality of cores, the method comprising:receiving, in a memory of the processor, a default parameter set including a first plurality of combinations of frequency and voltage values compatible with a production characteristic of the processor, product data, and an alternative parameter set including a second plurality of combinations of frequency and voltage data indicating frequencies and voltages outside the specification of the processor that have been verified for the processor via testing the processor;
reading, from the memory by a first core of the plurality of cores, one or more values of the default parameter set;
operating the first core in accordance with a first operating characteristic based, at least in part, on the one or more values of the default parameter set;
receiving, from a hypervisor controlling the first core, an indication to change the operating characteristic of the first core; and
in response to receiving the indication to change the operating characteristic, issuing a signal to the first core to reset,
in response to receiving the reset, reading, by the first core, one or more values of the alternative parameter set, and
operating the first core in accordance with a second operating characteristic based, at least in part, on the one or more values of the alternative parameter set.

US Pat. No. 10,509,454

POWER COMPANION STATUS

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. An information handling system, comprising:a power delivery (PD) controller configured to couple to an external battery; and
an embedded controller coupled to the power delivery (PD) controller, wherein the embedded controller is configured to perform steps comprising:
receiving a message from the power delivery (PD) controller regarding a status of an external battery; and
transmitting the status of the external battery to another component of the information handling system for display of the status to a user.

US Pat. No. 10,509,450

THERMALLY PROTECTING AN ACCESS POINT DEVICE

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A method for thermally protecting an access point (AP) device, the method comprising:receiving an actual AP power consumption value, the actual AP power consumption value being one of a plurality of potential AP power consumption values;
receiving a sensed internal AP temperature value, the sensed internal AP temperature value being one of a plurality of potential internal AP temperature values;
accessing an ambient temperature look up table defining relationships between the plurality of potential AP power consumption values, the plurality of potential internal AP temperature values, and a plurality of ambient temperature values; and
retrieving one of the plurality of ambient temperature values associated with the actual AP power consumption value and the sensed internal AP temperature value from the ambient temperature look up table, the retrieved ambient temperature value being an estimated ambient temperature value of the AP device.

US Pat. No. 10,509,447

THERMAL SHIELD CAN FOR IMPROVED THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF MOBILE DEVICES

Nvidia Corporation, Sant...

1. A computing system, comprising:a printed circuit board (PCB);
an integrated circuit (IC) mounted on the PCB, wherein the IC performs processing to produce heat therefrom;
a first sealed metal enclosure disposed on the PCB that encloses the IC;
a second sealed metal enclosure disposed on the PCB that encloses the first sealed metal enclosure, wherein said second sealed metal enclosure covers at least a top surface and a side surface of said first sealed metal enclosure; and
a volume of phase change material (PCM) deposited between the first sealed metal enclosure and the second sealed metal enclosure for absorbing heat produced by the IC so that an internal temperature of the computing system remains substantially constant and to extend a transient state period of heat transfer during an operation of the IC, and wherein further the first and second sealed metal enclosures and the volume of PCM retain heat produced by the IC.

US Pat. No. 10,509,445

PROTECTIVE ENCLOSURE FOR DATA STORAGE

1. A protective data storage enclosure comprising:a metal base having a bottom wall joined to upstanding walls, said upstanding walls affixed to adjacent upstanding walls to form a perimeter wall, said perimeter wall having a perimeter edge located oppositely said bottom wall to define an opening into said base;
a base insulating block formed from high temperature insulation, said base insulating block located in said metal base and having a base inset pocket with a base pocket surface, said base insulating block including a flange surface offset from said base pocket surface;
a metal lid affixed to said metal base at said perimeter edge;
a lid insulating block formed from high temperature insulation and having a lid inset pocket with an upper pocket surface surrounded by a flange surface offset therefrom;
a storage unit having a first outer thermal management layer and a second outer thermal management layer, a center layer located between said first and second outer thermal management layers, said center layer having a digital drive module located therein, said storage unit having a flex cable connected to said digital drive module on a first end and extending outwardly from said storage unit, said flex cable extending through said perimeter wall;
when said lid is mated with said base, said insulating blocks of said lid and said base in biased contact, said storage unit and a portion of said flex cable held between said insulating blocks of said lid and said base; and
an egress cover overlaying a sacrificial connector connected to a second end of said flex cable to constrain said sacrificial connector between said perimeter wall and said egress cover.

US Pat. No. 10,509,444

POS MACHINE AND DOCKING STATION THEREOF

PAX COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY (...

1. A docking station, comprising: a housing, a mainboard mounted inside the housing, a display device mounted on the housing, and a support configured to detachably support a card swiping device; wherein the display device is mounted on the housing, the support is fixed to the housing, a data plug configured for connecting with the card swiping device is mounted in the support, and the data plug is electrically connected with the mainboard; the display device comprises a first display and a second display; the first display is electrically connected with the mainboard, and a front side of the housing defines an arc-shaped opening; the housing comprises: a base, a frame bending and extending forwardly from an upper end of the base, and a bracket inclinedly extending downwardly from a front end of the frame; the mainboard is mounted in the base, the first display is mounted on the bracket, and the second display is mounted on the upper end of the base.

US Pat. No. 10,509,442

FOLDABLE TERMINAL

GUANGDONG OPPO MOBILE TEL...

1. A foldable terminal, comprising a body, a magnetic attraction assembly and a magnetic buffer assembly;the body comprising an upper part, a bending part and a lower part, the upper part being coupled with the bending part, the bending part being coupled with the lower part;
the magnetic attraction assembly comprising a first magnetic attraction member and a second magnetic attraction member, the first magnetic attraction member being disposed to the upper part and away from the bending part; the second magnetic attraction member being disposed to the lower part and away from the bending part;
the magnetic buffer assembly comprising a first magnetic buffer member and a second magnetic buffer member, the first magnetic buffer member being disposed to the upper part and adjacent to the bending part; the second magnetic buffer member being disposed to the lower part and adjacent to the bending part;
wherein the foldable terminal further comprises four ferromagnetic shielding members surrounding circumferential surfaces of the first magnetic attraction member, the second magnetic attraction member, the first magnetic buffer member and the second magnetic buffer member correspondingly, and each of the ferromagnetic shielding member comprises foam and two iron frame casings, one iron frame casing is fitted in the other iron frame casing, and the foam is clamped between the two iron frame casings.

US Pat. No. 10,509,440

BENDABLE DISPLAY ASSEMBLY

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A bendable display device, comprising:a display element capable of displaying a visual output;
a plurality of layered elements comprising two successive elements having opposite side surfaces facing each other, the opposite side surfaces being in contact with only a sealed gas volume extending between the successive elements; and
a sealing affixed to the two successive elements and enclosing the sealed gas volume.

US Pat. No. 10,509,439

CURVED DISPLAY, DISPLAY CASE, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A device comprising:a housing comprising an opening and a first side extending in a first direction in at least a part of a surface of the housing;
an external protective layer which is substantially transparent and comprises a curved first surface, the curved first surface comprising a first edge disposed within the opening, the first edge extending in the first direction adjacent to the first side;
a panel module layer comprising a second edge disposed within the opening, the second edge being curved to conform to the curved first surface, the second edge being adjacent to the first side and extending in the first direction, the panel module layer further comprising a display layer comprising a display area and a non-display area which is adjacent to the display area in a second direction and disposed under the curved first surface of the external protective layer, the non-display area extending in the first direction along the second edge and having a first width in the second direction different from the first direction;
an opaque layer which is disposed within the opening underneath the curved first surface of the external protective layer and proximate to an upper surface of the non-display area so that the opaque layer is interposed between the curved first surface of the external protective layer and the non-display area, the opaque layer extending in the first direction adjacent to the first side and having a second width in the second direction; and
an adhesive area disposed between the housing and the curved first surface of the external protective layer,
wherein the second width of the opaque layer is configured to cover at least a portion of the first width of the non-display area in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,509,438

APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR COUNTER-BALANCING THE WEIGHT OF HEAD-MOUNTED DISPLAYS

Facebook Technologies, LL...

1. A removable counter-balance accessory comprising: a removable cranial brace that rests against the back of a user's head when the user is wearing a head-mounted display on the user's face; an insert that: fits in an opening formed by a strap that wraps around the back of the user's head to hold the head-mounted display on the user's face; attaches, by a magnetic fastener, to the removable cranial brace through the opening formed by the strap; secures the removable cranial brace to the strap at the back of the user's head; and includes a tapered side wall dimensioned to ensure that the insert is inserted within the opening to a preferred depth; and at least one removable weight that applies, in connection with the removable cranial brace at the back of the user's head, a force that counter-balances the weight of the head-mounted display on the user's face.

US Pat. No. 10,509,434

OSCILLATOR PROFILING FOR TIME SYNCHRONIZATION

AMAZON TECHNOLOGIES, INC....

6. A computer-implemented method, comprising:measuring operational state in an electronic device using at least one device sensor;
determining, based at least in part upon the operational state and an oscillator profile, a current amount of variation in a timing signal provided by an oscillator of the electronic device, the oscillator profile indicating variations in the timing signal for a range of operating states;
adjusting a virtual time of a paravirtual clock associated with a virtualization layer based at least in part on the oscillator profile; and
determining the current amount of variation exceeds a predetermined amount;
re-profiling the oscillator in response to determining the current amount of variation exceeds the predetermined amount;
determining a second current drift amount exceeds the predetermined amount;
relocating data of the electronic device to a second electronic device; and
determining, in response to determining the second current drift amount exceeds the predetermined amount, to perform at least one of a repair or a replacement of the electronic device.

US Pat. No. 10,509,431

REVERSIBLE CURRENT MIRROR AND ITS USE IN BIDIRECTIONAL COMMUNICATION

THYSSENKRUPP PRESTA AG, ...

8. An electromechanical motor vehicle power steering mechanism comprising:an electric motor including at least three phase windings connected to each other in a Y connection and a motor control unit;
an electronic controller electronically connected to the motor control unit of the electric motor, wherein a connection between the electronic controller and the motor control unit of the electric motor comprises a current mirror arrangement for duplex bidirectional communication between the electronic controller and the motor control unit of the electric motor, which current mirror arrangement is reversible and comprises in each of two circuit units connected by a single communication line
a pair of first identical transistors, wherein bases of the pair of first identical transistors are connected, and
a pair of second transistors, wherein the base and a collector of each transistor of the pair of first identical transistors are connected via one of the pair of second transistors,
 wherein the pair of second transistors of each of the two circuit units are connected, wherein parasitic diodes of the pair of second transistors of each of the two circuit units are disposed in opposite directions;
a positive feed line and a negative feed line from a direct current voltage motor vehicle electrical system and electronically coupled to the electronic controller; and
a driver circuit coupled via respective connecting lines to the at least three phase windings of the electric motor, wherein the driver circuit is configured to connect each of the connecting lines via a respective first MOSFET of a first group of MOSFETs to the positive feed line and via a respective second MOSFET of a second group of MOSFETs to the negative feed line, wherein with respect to the direct current voltage motor vehicle electrical system parasitic diodes of the MOSFETs of the first and second groups of MOSFETs are arranged in a reverse direction.

US Pat. No. 10,509,429

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR IMPROVING EFFICIENCY OF A CLOUD PLATFORM BASED ON NODE USAGE

1. A method for provisioning a cloud platform, performed by a cloud mediator interface which is arranged on each cloud node and performs a role of a bridge between a cloud system and a Ganglia, wherein each cloud node comprises a multi core CPU, one or more network I/O units, one or more disk I/O units, and one or more non-transitory memories, the method comprising:collecting usage data of a cloud node over intervals of time;
generating and storing an energy usage profile for each cloud node by using the collected usage data;
acquiring real-time usage data from the cloud node;
comparing the real-time usage data with the generated energy usage profile so as to calculate a recommendation value; and
provisioning the cloud platform based on the recommendation value,
wherein each of the storing and the acquiring comprises calculating variance between stress and idle levels of nodes, and
wherein when a new node determined to have a similar specification to any profiled node is added to a cloud, the generating comprises immediately adding the new node without an additional profiling process, for avoiding profiling nodes with similar hardware specifications to save evaluation time.

US Pat. No. 10,509,428

CIRCUIT WITH MULTIPLE VOLTAGE SCALING POWER SWITCHES

NXP USA, INC., Austin, T...

1. A circuit comprising:a first power supply terminal;
a first circuit portion including a first power input node;
a second circuit portion including a second power input node;
a first voltage scaling power switch including a first current electrode coupled to the first power supply terminal and a second current electrode;
a second voltage scaling power switch including a first current electrode coupled to the first power supply terminal and a second current electrode;
a common power rail, wherein the circuit is configured to couple the common power rail to the first power input node during a voltage scaling mode of the first circuit portion and to the second power input node during a voltage scaling mode of the second circuit portion;
a feedback circuit including a first input coupled to the common power rail, a second input coupled to a reference voltage circuit, and an output configured to provide a feedback control signal based on a comparison between a voltage on the common power rail and a reference voltage of the reference voltage circuit;
a first voltage scaling control circuit corresponding to the first circuit portion and configured to provide the feedback control signal to a control input of the first voltage scaling power switch to provide a regulated voltage at the second current electrode of the first voltage scaling power switch for the first circuit portion during a voltage scaling mode of the first circuit portion; and
a second voltage scaling control circuit corresponding to the second circuit portion and configured to provide the feedback control signal to the control input of the second voltage scaling power switch to provide a regulated voltage at the second current electrode of the second voltage scaling power switch for the second circuit portion during a voltage scaling mode of the second circuit portion.

US Pat. No. 10,509,427

LOW POWER TUNABLE REFERENCE CURRENT GENERATOR

Ambiq Micro, Inc., Austi...

1. A method for compensating a circuit for temperature sensitivity, the circuit adapted to be configured in response to n-bit configuration control words, comprising:at a first temperature, for each of a first plurality of configuration control words:
measuring as a first state value a selected one of a first state current, a first state voltage, and a first state frequency; and
at a second temperature, for each of a second plurality of configuration control words:
measuring as a second state value a selected one of a second state current, a second state voltage, and a second state frequency; and
evaluating said first state value and said second state value as function of a predetermined criterion; and
if said first state value and said second state value substantially meet said predetermined criterion, selecting said configuration control word as a final configuration control word.

US Pat. No. 10,509,426

METHODS AND CIRCUITS FOR CONTROLLING AND/OR REDUCING CURRENT LEAKAGE DURING A LOW-POWER OR INACTIVE MODE

ANALOG DEVICES GLOBAL UNL...

1. A circuit for reducing current drawn by a load from a power supply, the circuit comprising:a voltage dropping circuit to provide a controlled voltage drop between the power supply and the load; and
a feedback circuit, connected to an output terminal and an input terminal of the voltage dropping circuit, to provide a driving voltage to the input terminal of the voltage dropping circuit;
a current comparing circuit to output a comparison output signal based on comparison of a scaled copy of a current through the voltage dropping circuit and a reference current; and
a load switch between the output terminal of the voltage dropping circuit and the load, wherein the load switch is controlled by the comparison output signal.

US Pat. No. 10,509,422

MASS FLOW CONTROLLER

Hitachi Metals, Ltd., To...

1. A mass flow controller comprising:a base;
a flow meter mounted on said base;
a mechanical pressure-regulating valve embedded in said base and disposed adjacent to and on an upstream side of said flow meter; and
a flow control valve mounted on said base and disposed on a downstream side of said flow meter
wherein;
said mechanical pressure-regulating valve comprises;
a pressure-regulating chamber which constitutes a part of a channel of a fluid in said mass flow controller; and
a diaphragm which separates an internal region of said pressure-regulating chamber from an external region of said channel; and
said mechanical pressure-regulating valve is configured to be opened by at least one part of said diaphragm being displaced to a side of said pressure-regulating chamber when pressure of said fluid in said pressure-regulating chamber is lower than a predetermined set pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,509,421

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS WITHIN AN AUTOMATED DATA STORAGE LIBRARY

International Business Ma...

1. A method of controlling at least one environmental condition within a data storage library having an enclosure surrounding the data storage library, the data storage library enclosure formed of a plurality of surfaces including a first surface and a second surface, the method comprising:surrounding at least one ventilation opening on a first surface of the data storage library enclosure by mounting at least one primary enclosure on the first surface of the data storage library enclosure;
surrounding at least one ventilation opening on a second surface of the data storage library enclosure by mounting at least one secondary enclosure on the second surface of the data storage library enclosure;
providing at least one enclosure environmental conditioning unit having at least one supply duct and at least one return duct;
fluidly connecting the at least one enclosure environmental conditioning unit to the at least one primary enclosure via the at least one supply duct;
fluidly connecting the at least one enclosure environmental conditioning unit to the at least one secondary enclosure via the at least one return duct; and
providing air from the at least one enclosure environmental conditioning unit into the at least one primary enclosure.

US Pat. No. 10,509,418

* THETA* MERGED 3D ROUTING METHOD

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A computer apparatus comprising:at least one processor;
a data storage element connected to the processor storing a node network representing a three-dimensional space corresponding to a terrain map;
a memory connected to the at least one processor storing processor executable code for configuring the at least one processor to:
receive a starting node and an ending node in the three-dimensional space;
iteratively identify one or more paths from a parent to a child node using a first algorithm, the first algorithm including path smoothing processes between child nodes and grandparent nodes earlier than corresponding parent nodes;
determine if the child node resides in a different horizontal plane as compared to the grandparent node;
identify a path from the parent node to the child node using a second algorithm where the child node resides in a different horizontal plane as compared to the parent node; and
transfer the one or more horizontal paths and one or more vertical paths to an avionics system.

US Pat. No. 10,509,416

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR LANDING A MOBILE PLATFORM VIA A MAGNETIC FIELD

SZ DJI TECHNOLOGY CO., LT...

1. A method for landing an unmanned aerial vehicle (“UAV”), comprising:in response to the UAV being in a vicinity of a designated docking station, emitting a first magnetic field opposing a second magnetic field to generate a magnetic levitation force upon the UAV;
while the first magnetic field is being emitted, activating a magnetic shield to protect magnetic sensitive devices of the UAV; and
controlling the magnetic levitation force to land the UAV onto the designated docking station.

US Pat. No. 10,509,415

AIRCREW AUTOMATION SYSTEM AND METHOD WITH INTEGRATED IMAGING AND FORCE SENSING MODALITIES

Aurora Flight Sciences Co...

1. An aircrew automation system for use in an aircraft, the aircrew automation system comprising:a computer system having a processor and one or more interfaces to connect a plurality of systems or subsystems, wherein the computer system is communicatively coupled with a flight control system of the aircraft and is configured to generate commands based at least in part on flight situation data received from (1) one or more of the plurality of systems or subsystems or (2) the flight control system; and
an actuation system operatively coupled with the computer system via at least one of the one or more interfaces, wherein the actuation system comprises:
an optical sensor configured to visually identify one or more cockpit instruments corresponding to the flight control system;
an actuator configured to engage the one or more cockpit instruments;
a force sensor operably coupled to the actuator and configured to measure a force when the actuator makes contact with the one or more cockpit instruments; and
a controller operably coupled with the optical sensor, the actuator, and the force sensor, wherein the controller is configured (1) to map a location, type, and position of the one or more cockpit instruments as a function of data collected by the optical sensor and the force sensor, (2) to execute the commands received from the computer system via the actuator, and (3) to communicate data collected by the optical sensor or the force sensor to the computer system.

US Pat. No. 10,509,414

USING EMERGENCY RESPONSE SYSTEM (EMS) VEHICLE TELEMATICS DATA TO REDUCE ACCIDENT RISK

State Farm Mutual Automob...

1. A computer system configured to use emergency response system (EMS) vehicle telematics data to reduce accident risk, the computer system comprising:at least one processor or associated transceiver, the at least one processor or associated transceiver located on or within an autonomous vehicle, the at least one processor or associated transceiver configured to:
receive, at the autonomous vehicle via wireless communication or data transmission, the EMS vehicle telematics data associated with an EMS vehicle;
determine, at the autonomous vehicle based upon the EMS vehicle telematics data, whether a current route of the autonomous vehicle will interfere with a route of the EMS vehicle to an emergency location;
when the autonomous vehicle based upon the EMS vehicle telematics data, determines that the current route of the autonomous vehicle will interfere with the route of the EMS vehicle to the emergency location, determine, at the autonomous vehicle, an alternate route for the autonomous vehicle to take to avoid interfering with the route of the EMS vehicle to the emergency location;
direct, based upon a relevance of the EMS vehicle, the autonomous vehicle to travel along the alternate route; and
cause an insurance provider remote server to at least one of display, adjust, or generate an insurance discount associated with the autonomous vehicle based upon the autonomous vehicle including risk mitigation or prevention functionality associated with (1) receiving the EMS vehicle telematics data, and (2) directing corrective actions so as to incentivize an insured customer to facilitate avoidance of collisions and safe travel for the EMS vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,509,411

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR OPERATING A VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for operating a vehicle, which has a predefined at least partially autonomous control mode, the method comprising:transmitting, by the vehicle, an identification that indicates the predefined control mode, the identification being transmitted to a vehicle-related component which has at least one of: (i) information relevant for the predefined control mode, and (ii) one or more control command(s) relevant for the predefined control mode;
wherein the transmitting takes place only when the vehicle is in the predefined control mode, in order to make the at least one of the information and the control commands available to the vehicle, wherein the vehicle-related component is a device that is remote from the vehicle;
wherein in response to receiving the identification transmitted by the vehicle, the remote device processes and transmits the information and the control commands to the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,509,410

EXTERNAL CONTROL OF AN AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE

Zoox, Inc., Foster City,...

1. A vehicle comprising:one or more sensors configured to sense objects in an environment of the vehicle;
one or more drive systems configured to cause the vehicle to move in the environment;
a control system configured to:
receive, from a source external to the vehicle, one or more control commands comprising a command for the vehicle to proceed in a direction at a commanded speed equal to or below about 10 km/h;
receive sensor data from the one or more sensors, the sensor data comprising information about an object in the environment;
determine a safety region proximate the vehicle;
determine, from the sensor data, a distance of the object from the vehicle;
determine, based at least in part on the distance, that the object is in the safety region;
determine, based at least in part on the object being in the safety region and the distance, a modified speed for the vehicle less than the commanded speed; and
control the one or more drive systems to move the autonomous vehicle in the direction at the modified speed.

US Pat. No. 10,509,408

DRIVE PLANNING DEVICE, TRAVEL ASSISTANCE APPARATUS, AND DRIVE PLANNING METHOD

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., ...

1. A drive planning device comprising:a drive planning processor configured to plan a driving operation plan for a subject vehicle traveling on a route, the drive planning processor executing a process to:
determine an action for each of a plurality of events which the subject vehicle encounters in a time-series manner when traveling on a first route; and
plan a series of driving operation plan for a scene which the subject vehicle encounters using content of each action determined for each of the plurality of events,
wherein, when a determination of a progressing action is made for one event of the plurality of events which the subject vehicle encounters and a determination of a stopping action or of being undeterminable is made for another event to be encountered next to the one event, the drive planning processor plans the driving operation plan such that the subject vehicle progresses through the one event and makes a stop based on a position of the other event.

US Pat. No. 10,509,407

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR A VEHICLE PLATFORM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A control system for a vehicle, comprising:a control module configured to:
receive sensor information from a plurality of sensors on the vehicle;
analyze the sensor information to perform an identification process for at least one object detected by the plurality of sensors; and
determine a response based on the at least one object identified; and
a communication module configured to communicate directly or indirectly with an electronic device, wherein the communication occurs without human intervention and includes at least some of the received sensor information, the analyzed sensor information, and/or the determined response,
wherein the at least one object detected is identified when the identification process results in a confidence level above a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,509,406

APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING COMPETITION OF AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE, SYSTEM HAVING THE SAME AND METHOD THEREOF

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An apparatus for controlling competition of an autonomous vehicle, the apparatus comprising:an autonomous drive determination device configured to determine that the autonomous vehicle is configured for entering a competitive space in a situation where the autonomous vehicle is required to move into the competitive space during autonomous driving;
a vehicle control device configured to control the autonomous vehicle wherein the autonomous vehicle enters the competitive space when the vehicle is configured for entering the competitive space; and
when the autonomous vehicle fails to enter the competitive space after attempting to enter the competitive space, a vehicle competition control device is configured to determine a first competition waiting time based on a random variable, and determine the random variable using a number of entries in which the autonomous vehicle fails to enter into the competitive space and control, such that the attempt to enter the competitive space is held for the first competition waiting time.

US Pat. No. 10,509,405

CLEARANCE OF AN AUTONOMOUS PARKING SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A verification method for a parking system that includes a parking lot, the method comprising:autonomously travelling the route by a test vehicle in the parking lot, wherein the parking lot includes a plurality of parking spaces for parking motor vehicles, in which a motor vehicle in the parking system is autonomously controllable on a route between a parking area and one of the parking spaces;
determining that the travel of the route is carried out correctly by the testing vehicle; and
clearing the parking system for use by vehicles that correspond to the vehicle type of the test vehicle;
wherein the test vehicle is configured to emulate a plurality of different vehicle types by specifically operating at least one control device on board the test vehicle using corresponding control programs for each of the vehicle types, and
wherein the test vehicle is configured to activate multiple combinations of different versions of control programs of a vehicle type, so that the particular vehicle type is able to be tested in all updating versions, and/or is configured operate a plurality of versions of the control programs in parallel to check different updating versions of the vehicle type simultaneously.

US Pat. No. 10,509,403

MOVABLE SMART FIRE EXTINGUISHING DEVICE

1. A movable smart fire extinguishing device for use with a fire detector disposed in a specific area to extinguish fire in the specific area, comprising:a main body including a base that includes a wheel set, and a frame that is mounted on said base;
a wheel-driving module disposed on said base for driving said wheel set to move said main body within the specific area;
an extinguisher placed in said frame and including
a container that stores an extinguishing agent therein,
an outlet that is connected to said container,
a tube that is spatially connected to and extends from said outlet and that includes a nozzle (33a), and
a valve that is disposed at said outlet, and that can be switched between a block position in which said valve blocks said outlet and a release position in which said valve opens up said outlet to allow the extinguishing agent to be discharged through said outlet and said tube;
an electronic switching module disposed on said frame and configured to drive said valve to switch between the block position and the release position;
a tube-driving module disposed on said frame and configured to move said nozzle (33a) of said tube in a vertical direction;
a thermal detecting module disposed on said frame, facing a same side as said nozzle (33a) of said tube, and configured to detect fire within a field of view of said thermal detecting module and to generate an image of the fire;
a wireless transmission module configured to receive a location signal associated with a first reference location in proximity of the fire detector; and
a processor electrically connected to said wheel-driving module, said electronic switching module, said tube-driving module, said thermal detecting module and said wireless transmission module,
wherein said processor is programmed to, in response to the location signal from said wireless transmission module,
generate a movement control signal based on the location signal, and transmit the movement control signal to said wheel-driving module for enabling said wheel-driving module to drive said wheel set to move said main body to the first reference location,
when it is determined that said main body is at the first reference location, control said thermal detecting module to detect fire and to generate a thermal image, and to calculate a target direction based on a line of sight of said thermal detecting module and the thermal image,
control said wheel-driving module to rotate said main body such that the line of sight of said thermal detecting module is aligned with the target direction, and then control said thermal detecting module to detect the fire and to generate a first reference image,
control said wheel-driving module to drive said wheel set to move said main body in the target direction by a predetermined distance to a second reference location, and then control said thermal detecting module to detect the fire and to generate a second reference image,
calculate a distance to fire between the fire and said main body at the second reference location, a height of the fire from the ground of the specific area based on image parts respectively of the first reference image and the second reference image that indicate a highest temperature,
control said wheel-driving module to drive said wheel set to move said main body to a location spaced apart from the fire by a distance within a predetermined range,
control said tube-driving module to move said nozzle of said tube to a spraying position based on the height of the fire, and
control said electronic switching module to switch said valve to the release position so as to discharge the extinguishing agent.

US Pat. No. 10,509,400

CONTROL SYSTEM FOR AND CONTROL METHOD OF AUTONOMOUS DRIVING VEHICLE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A control system for an autonomous driving vehicle, comprising:a notification device configured to give notification to a driver;
an operation device configured to be operated by the driver; and
an electronic control unit comprising:
a driving control part configured to perform autonomous driving, the driving control part being configured to terminate autonomous driving and switch vehicle operation to manual driving when the driver operates the operation device during autonomous driving;
a reliability value calculation part configured to calculate an autonomous driving reliability value expressing a degree of reliability of autonomous driving during autonomous driving; and
a notification control part configured to control the notification device to notify a request for preparing for manual driving to the driver when the autonomous driving reliability value is equal to or smaller than a predetermined preparation request value during autonomous driving, the request for preparing for manual driving being one which requests the driver to establish conditions for preparing for manual driving while the driver is continuing with autonomous driving, and
to control the notification device to stop notification of the request for preparing for manual driving and notify a request for terminating autonomous driving to the driver when the autonomous driving reliability value is equal to or smaller than a termination request value which is set smaller than the preparation request value during autonomous driving, the request for terminating autonomous driving being one which requests the driver to operate the operation device to terminate autonomous driving.

US Pat. No. 10,509,396

SCALABLE ANALYTICS ARCHITECTURE FOR AUTOMATION CONTROL SYSTEMS

Rockwell Automation Techn...

11. A method, comprising:deploying analytic node devices across multiple levels of an industrial enterprise, wherein the deploying comprises deploying at least a first set of analytic node devices at a first level of the industrial enterprise and deploying a second set of analytic node devices at a second level of the industrial enterprise;
performing, by an analytic component of a first analytic node device of the analytic node devices, one or more first analytic operations on first industrial data collected from one or more industrial devices to yield first result data;
in response to determining that the first result data satisfies a notification criterion, sending, by a presentation framework component of the first analytic node device, the first result data to a client device;
in response to determining that a subset of the first result data satisfies a defined criterion indicating a relevance of the subset of the first result data to an industrial operation being executed by industrial devices being monitored by the second analytic node device, sending, by an application framework component of the first analytic node device, the subset of the first result data to a second analytic node device of the analytic node devices;
receiving, by the application framework component of the first analytic node device, at least one of second industrial data or second result data from the second analytic node; and
performing, by the analytic component or another analytic component of the first analytic node device, one or more second analytic operations on the second industrial data or the second result data received from the second analytic node device,
wherein the application framework component is configured to allow modular addition and modular removal of multiple analytic components that define respective multiple different analytic operations to be performed on the first industrial data.

US Pat. No. 10,509,391

MACHINE TOOL COLLISION AVOIDANCE METHOD AND SYSTEM USING THE SAME

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. A machine tool collision avoidance method applicable to a machine tool having a plurality of turrets, wherein the method comprises following steps and is executed by a processing circuit:(a) loading a plurality of processing codes corresponding to the operation of the turrets in a first session;
(b) simulating a plurality of path traces corresponding to the processing codes;
(c) estimating a plurality of execution periods within which the turrets run along the path traces;
(d) selecting a shortest execution period from the plurality of execution periods;
(e) determines whether the distance between the trace points on any two of the path traces is less than a safety distance within the shortest execution period;
(f) if the distance between a first trace point on a first path trace of the path traces and a second trace point on a second path trace of the path traces is less than the safety distance, estimating a first time point at which a first turret of the turrets runs to the first trace point and a second time point at which the second turret of the turrets runs to the second trace point; and
(g) determining whether the difference between the first time point and the second time point is lower than a tolerance value; and
(h) generating a collision warning if the difference between the first time point and the second time point is lower than the tolerance value.

US Pat. No. 10,509,389

WARM UP OPERATION PLANNING DEVICE AND WARM UP OPERATION PLANNING METHOD

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A warm up operation planning device that generates a warm up operation plan for a machine tool for machining on a work as a machining target, comprising:a warm up operation program memory in which association is recorded between at least one warm up operation program, information on a work to be machined by the machine tool, and cycle time in the warm up operation program;
a working state recording memory in which at least a previous working duration of the machine tool is recorded;
a machining plan input unit that inputs a machining plan for the work including information on the work;
a warm up operation program selection unit that selects the warm up operation program recorded in the warm up operation program memory based on the machining plan;
a warm up operation duration determination unit that calculates a warm up operation duration based on the cycle time in association with the warm up operation program selected by the warm up operation program selection unit;
a warm up operation planning unit that generates a warm up operation plan for the machine tool by calculating start time and finish time of warm up operation based on the input machining plan and the warm up operation duration calculated by the warm up operation duration determination unit, wherein
the warm up operation duration determination unit further calculates the warm up operation duration in consideration of a previous working duration of the machine tool recorded in the working state recording memory; and
an operation duration correction unit that corrects the cycle time in the warm up operation program recorded in the warm up operation program memory in association with the warm up operation program.

US Pat. No. 10,509,385

METHOD OF CONTROLLING ENCODER PRINCIPLE AXIS SPEED SYNCHRONIZATION

LSIS CO., LTD., Anyang-s...

1. A method of controlling an encoder principle axis speed synchronization executed by a microprocessor, the method comprising:initializing a count value when a control period is commenced in order to synchronize the count value with the control period, wherein the control period is a time for calculating encoder pulse signals to be output during a next control period, and wherein an encoder pulse signal is longer than the control period;
increasing or decreasing the count value at every specific period;
latching the count value corresponding to an input time of the encoder pulse signal to a memory and calculating an interval between encoder pulse signals using the count value latched at the input time of each of the encoder pulse signals when the encoder pulse signal is received for the control period;
generating an output pulse using the interval between the encoder pulse signals being input during the control period according to latching times of the count value to the memory at the input time of each of the encoder pulse signals; and
mapping the output pulse to an output during a next control period of the motor.

US Pat. No. 10,509,378

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SOIL MODELING AND AUTOMATIC IRRIGATION CONTROL

FarmX Inc., Mountain Vie...

1. A system for automatic irrigation for a micro-climate area, the system comprising:a farm;
a weather station for obtaining weather data near a target area;
a mesh network;
a sensor platform having a plurality of sensors comprising:
sensors measuring soil moisture at various depths in the target area;
sensors measuring soil salinity at the various depths in the target area;
sensors measuring soil temperature at the various depths in the target area;
water pressure sensors coupled with an irrigation assembly;
flow meters for the irrigation assembly;
plant health sensors; and
wherein the sensor platform comprises a controller that periodically wakes each of the plurality of sensors and transmits sensor data from each of the plurality of sensors over the mesh network; and
a base station that:
receives the sensor data from the sensor platform over the mesh network;
analyzes the sensor data in combination with any of low-altitude and high-altitude imaging of the target area to determine if the target area requires watering; and
selectively controls any of a variable speed pump and water valves of an irrigation system that provides water to the target area in response to the analysis;
subterranean sensors disposed at varying fixed depths in the target area, the subterranean sensors being volume measuring devices each with a specific voltage; and
wherein the base station is configured to:
sample the sensor data of the subterranean sensors at a fixed duration, but staggered by non-overlapping intervals; and
determine water flow based on a time series evaluation of the sensor data, wherein the water flow at one of the subterranean sensors is evaluated by measuring moisture content at each of the other subterranean sensors and subtracting the moisture content measured by the one of the subterranean sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,509,371

INFORMATION NOTIFICATION METHOD, INFORMATION NOTIFICATION DEVICE, AND NON-TRANSITORY RECORDING MEDIUM

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. An information notification method performed by an information notification device comprising: a receiver that receives data from a time display device; and a display, the information notification method comprising:acquiring log data of the time display device from the time display device by the receiver;
determining a usage status of the time display device based on the acquired log data; and
providing, via the display, information corresponding to the determined usage status of the time display device;
wherein
the determining comprises determining whether or not a voltage of a battery of the time display device continues to be less than a voltage reference value in a status determination reference period; and
the providing comprises providing a first notification if the voltage of the battery of the time display device is determined to continue to be less than the voltage reference value during the status determination reference period;
the determining further comprises determining whether or not the voltage of the battery of the time display device further continues to be less than the voltage reference value in the status determination reference period after providing the first notification; and
the providing further comprises providing a second notification if the voltage of the battery of the time display device is determined to further continue to be less than the voltage reference value in the status determination reference period after providing the first notification.

US Pat. No. 10,509,370

VAPOR CELL HEATING ASSEMBLY

GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED ...

1. A vapor cell heating assembly comprising:a vapor cell comprising exterior surfaces;
a slide disposed on at least one exterior surface of the vapor cell;
a heating element disposed on the at least one exterior surface, the heating element comprising a frame and a first opening in the frame to pass light through the frame to the at least one exterior surface; and
a shell disposed on the vapor cell to hold the slide and heating element to the vapor cell,
wherein the shell comprises a plurality of structural elements, each structural element disposed on a corresponding exterior surface of the vapor cell and aligned to adjacent structural elements at edges, and wherein each structural element comprises a second opening to pass light through the structural element to a respective exterior surface.

US Pat. No. 10,509,368

BOX INCLUDING A DEVICE FOR RETAINING A TIMEPIECE COMPONENT IN POSITION

ROLEX SA, Geneva (CH)

1. A device for retaining in position a timepiece component, the device including:a base;
a support comprising a first part and a second part, the first part being mounted so as to be mobile relative to the second part;
a first contact element adapted to come to bear against the timepiece component, the first contact element being mounted on the first part, and a second contact element adapted to come to bear against the timepiece component, the second contact element being mounted on the second part; and
a control member mounted so as to pivot on the base about a first axis and pivoting the first part about a second axis.

US Pat. No. 10,509,367

SKELETONIZED ELECTRONIC TOURBILLON SIMULATOR WITH REPEATER

1. An electronic tourbillion clock, comprising;a clock case having a plurality of high-resolution digital displays that extend around an outer circumference of the clock case as an indicator of hours;
a seven segment display located within the clock case as an indicator of minutes elapsed within an hour;
a microcontroller determining the current time and other chronological indications depending on the output signals generated by a position of a tourbillon mechanism disposed in the clock case; and
a sub-circuit in the clock case and interconnected with the microcontroller for creating a plurality of distinctive sound patterns directed through one or more speakers in response to the output signals generated by the position of the tourbillon mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,509,364

LIGHT MODULATOR FOR A DISPLAY FOR DISPLAYING TWO-DIMENSIONAL AND/OR THREE-DIMENSIONAL IMAGE CONTENTS

SEEREAL TECHNOLOGIES S.A....

1. A light modulator for a display for the presentation of two- and/or three-dimensional image contents, comprising:two opposing substrates and electrodes,
at least one liquid crystal layer is provided between the two substrates,
an alignment means provided on the surface of the substrate which faces the liquid crystal layer to set a predeterminable initial alignment of the liquid crystals, where the orientation of the liquid crystals can be controlled in a predeterminable range through an electric field which is generated by the electrodes,
the alignment means is of a controllable type and is controllable during the operation of the light modulator such that the initial alignment of the liquid crystals is changeable, and
if the initial alignment of the liquid crystals is modified then the alignment of the liquid crystals in an electric field can be controlled such that the orientation of the liquid crystals is orientable outside the given range or such that the initial alignment of the liquid crystals is settable in a predeterminable way in dependency of a predetermined location.

US Pat. No. 10,509,359

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND CARTRIDGE

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a rotatable image bearing member configured to carry a toner image;
a charging member configured to electrically charge a surface of said image bearing member;
a transfer member configured to transfer the toner image from said image bearing member onto a transfer receiving material;
a transfer voltage source configured to apply a transfer voltage to said transfer member for causing a transfer current to flow from said transfer member to said image bearing member;
a light source configured to emit discharging light for electrically discharging the surface of said image bearing member at a position between a contact position of said image bearing member with said transfer member and a contact position of said image bearing member with said charging member with respect to a rotational direction of said image bearing member; and
a light quantity lowering member configured to lower a light quantity of the discharging light emitted from said light source to said image bearing member,
wherein when a region of said image bearing member contacting said charging member is a charging region of said image bearing member and an entire region where the transfer current flows from said transfer member to said image bearing member when the transfer voltage is applied to said transfer member by said transfer voltage source is a transfer region of said image bearing member, the charging region is wider than the transfer region with respect to a rotational axis direction of said image bearing member, and
wherein said light quantity lowering member is provided so as to lower the light quantity of the discharging light with which a region inside the charging region and outside the transfer region with respect to the rotational axis direction is irradiated and so as not to lower the light quantity of the discharging light with which the transfer region is irradiated.

US Pat. No. 10,509,358

IMAGE FORMATION APPARATUS INCLUDING LUBRICANT APPLICATION APPARATUS AND RECORDING MEDIUM

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., Ch...

1. An image formation apparatus having a lubricant application apparatus which applies lubricant to an image carrier in an image former which forms a toner image, whereinthe lubricant application apparatus comprises:
a lubricant stick obtained by solidifying powdery lubricant;
an application member disposed on an upstream side in an advancing direction of a surface of the image carrier with respect to a cleaning apparatus which presses lubricant supplied to the image carrier to form a film, the application member being for supplying lubricant scraped off from the lubricant stick to the image carrier and removing residual toner adhering to the image carrier; and
a recovery member which is in contact with the application member, the recovery member being for recovering toner adhering to the application member, and
the image formation apparatus comprises
a hardware processor which controls a lubricant amount on the image carrier by changing each of removability of residual toner on the image carrier by the application member, and recoverability of residual toner on the application member by the recovery member.

US Pat. No. 10,509,356

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming portion configured to form a developer image on a recording material;
a fixing portion configured to heat-fix the developer image formed by said image forming portion on the recording material;
a reversing portion configured to reverse a feeding direction of the recording material passed through said fixing portion;
a re-feeding path configured to feed the recording material reversed by said reversing portion to said image forming portion again;
a detecting portion configured to detect predetermined information from the recording material;
a first feeding path along which the recording material passes through a side where a detecting surface of said detecting portion exists;
a second feeding path along which the recording material passes through a side opposite from the detecting surface of said detecting portion and which includes a merging portion where said second feeding path merges with a feeding path configured to feed the recording material passed through said fixing portion;
an air flow generating portion configured to generate air flow; and
a flow path forming portion configured to form a flow path along which the air flow is passed between the recording material passing through said second feeding path and a constituent portion constituting said second feeding path on a side toward said detecting portion and configured to guide the recording material passing through said second feeding path, when the recording material passes through said second feeding path.

US Pat. No. 10,509,355

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A cartridge detachably mountable to a main assembly of an image forming apparatus comprising:a photosensitive drum on which a toner image is formed;
a cleaning blade provided in contact with said photosensitive drum and configured to remove a toner remaining on a surface of said photosensitive drum; and
a storing portion configured to store pressure information on contact pressure of said cleaning blade to said photosensitive drum,
wherein said photosensitive drum includes a first area within an image forming area where the toner image is formable and a second area different from the first area with respect to a longitudinal direction of said cleaning blade within the image forming area, and
wherein the pressure information includes first partial pressure information on the contact pressure of a first contact portion between the first area and said cleaning blade and second partial pressure information on the contact pressure of a second contact portion between the second area and said cleaning blade.

US Pat. No. 10,509,352

IMAGE FORMING SYSTEM, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND RECORDING MEDIUM CONFIGURED TO IMAGE BELONGINGS OF A USER AND ASSIST THE USER

Konica Minolta, Inc., Ch...

1. An image forming system comprising:an image forming apparatus;
an imaging portion that performs imaging of a belonging of a user, the user being adjacent to the image forming apparatus;
a belonging analyzer that identifies the belonging by performing analysis on an image obtained by the imaging portion;
a memory that stores a user assistance lookup table, the user assistance lookup table associating pieces of information in advance including a belonging of a user; a user assistance action, the user assistance action being a mechanical opening operation; and a target member of the image forming apparatus to be affected by the user assistance action;
a searcher that retrieves a user assistance action and target member both associated with the belonging identified by the belonging analyzer, by searching the user assistance lookup table for a record associated with the identified belonging, the user assistance lookup table being stored on the memory; and
a hardware processor that makes the image forming apparatus take the user assistance action retrieved by the searcher, by the target member retrieved by the searcher.

US Pat. No. 10,509,351

FIXING DEVICE FIXING DEVELOPING AGENT IMAGE TO SHEET BY ELECTROSTATICALLY SPRAYING CHARGED FIXING SOLUTION

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. A fixing device for fixing a developing agent image to a recording sheet by electrostatically spraying a charged fixing solution toward the developing agent image on the recording sheet, the fixing device comprising:a container portion configured to store therein the fixing solution;
a plurality of nozzles in communication with the container portion and configured to spray the fixing solution toward the developing agent image;
a potential difference generating portion configured to generate a potential difference between the fixing solution stored in the plurality of nozzles and the recording sheet conveyed at a position separated from the plurality of nozzles;
a pressure applying portion configured to apply pressure to the fixing solution in the container portion;
a temperature sensor configured to detect a temperature;
a controller configured to determine a value of a pressure to be applied to the fixing solution on a basis of the temperature detected by the temperature sensor; and
a storage configured to store a pressure table in which pressure corresponding to temperature is set,
wherein the controller is configured to determine the value of the pressure on a basis of the pressure table,
wherein the pressure in the pressure table is set corresponding to the temperature and a target amount of spray of the fixing solution,
wherein the pressure in the pressure table is set so that the pressure to be applied to the container portion increases as the temperature decreases,
wherein the pressure in the pressure table includes:
a first pressure required for spraying the target amount and within a pressure range enabling a state of spray to be normal; and
a second pressure lower than a pressure required for spraying the target amount and within the pressure range enabling a state of spray to be normal, and
wherein the second pressure is equal to a maximum pressure capable of maintaining Tayler cones of the fixing solution at tip ends of the plurality of nozzles.

US Pat. No. 10,509,349

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., Ch...

1. A fixing device that fixes a toner image onto a sheet passing through a fixing nip, comprising:a first fixer that receives a first drive force to rotate;
a second fixer that rotates following rotation of the first fixer, the first fixer and the second fixer forming the fixing nip therebetween;
a nip width adjuster capable of adjusting a nip width of the fixing nip;
a rotation speed detector that detects a rotation speed of the second fixer; and
a hardware processor that controls the nip width adjuster based on a detection result of the rotation speed detector to make the nip width equal to a predetermined reference nip width, wherein
the nip width adjuster adjusts the nip width by adjusting a relative distance between the first fixer and the second fixer, and
the hardware processor determines that at least one of the first fixer and the second fixer has reached an end of life when an amount of adjustment for the relative distance exceeds a predetermined amount.

US Pat. No. 10,509,346

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS CONTROLLING ACTUAL TEMPERATURE OF FIXING PART BASED ON TARGET TEMPERATURE AND CUMULATIVE DEVIATION OF ACTUAL TEMPERATURE

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a fixing device including a fixing part configured to fix a toner image on a sheet, a heating part configured to heat the fixing part, and a detecting part configured to detect an actual temperature of the fixing part,
a controller configured to control the actual temperature of the fixing part based on a target temperature of the fixing part and a cumulative deviation of the actual temperature of the fixing part, and
a storage configured to store a convergence value of the cumulative deviation,
wherein, every time a heating operation to the fixing part by the heating part is executed, the controller updates the convergence value of the cumulative deviation stored in the storage by a convergence value of the cumulative deviation of a latest heating operation,
in executing the heating operation to the fixing part by the heating part, the controller rewrites the cumulative deviation used to control the actual temperature of the fixing part using the convergence value of the cumulative deviation stored in the storage at a time when the actual temperature of the fixing part exceeds a threshold temperature lower than the target temperature of the fixing part.

US Pat. No. 10,509,342

POWDER CONTAINER, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND MECHANICAL DEVICE

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A powder container comprising:a powder storage configured to store powder and having side walls with through-holes;
a hollow member including a hollow part;
held parts disposed at both ends of the hollow member in an axial direction of the hollow member;
a coil configured to be held by the hollow member;
holders configured to hold the held parts of the hollow member;
a piercing shaft configured to be inserted into the hollow part of the hollow member from outside of the powder container through one of the through-holes;
an upper case; and
a lower case including the holder and two side walls, the two side walls constituting part of the side walls of the powder storage and having the through-holes, the two side walls disposed at both ends of the lower case in the axial direction of the hollow member,
wherein the powder storage is splittable into the upper case and the lower case,
wherein the holders are concave upward and disposed adjacent to the two side walls, respectively, inside the lower case, and
wherein the through-holes are disposed in the two side walls, respectively, at positions higher than the holders, so as to penetrate the two side walls.

US Pat. No. 10,509,341

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a first image-bearing member that bears a toner image;
a movable belt that is in contact with the first image-bearing member and that forms a first transfer portion;
a first charge member that is in contact with the first image-bearing member and that charges the first image-bearing member;
a first developing unit that develops an electrostatic latent image formed on the first image-bearing member to form the toner image by using a toner and that is able to collect at least a charged toner having a first polarity that is a regular charge polarity of the toner among residual toners on the first image-bearing member after the toner passes through the first transfer portion as a result of rotation of the first image-bearing member;
a second image-bearing member that is disposed downstream of the first image-bearing member in a direction in which the belt moves, and in contact with the movable belt to form a second transfer portion;
a second charge member that is in contact with the second image-bearing member and that charges the second image-bearing member;
a second developing unit that develops an electrostatic latent image formed on the second image-bearing member to form a toner image by using a toner and that is able to collect at least a charged toner having the first polarity among residual toners on the second image-bearing member after the toner passes through the second transfer portion as a result of rotation of the second image-bearing member;
a common potential formation unit that forms a first electric field or a second electric field at the first transfer portion and the second transfer portion, wherein the first electric field is an electric field acting in a direction of transferring a toner having a second polarity, which is opposite of the first polarity, from the first image-bearing member and the second image-bearing member toward the belt, and wherein the second electric field is an electric field acting in a direction of transferring the toner having the first polarity from the first image-bearing member and the second image-bearing member toward the belt; and
a control unit that controls the first charge member, the second charge member, and the potential formation unit,
wherein the control unit controls the first charge member to move a charged first toner, that has the second polarity and that attaches to the first charge member, from the first charge member to the first image-bearing member, and controls the potential formation unit to form the first electric field, at the first transfer portion and the second transfer portion, to transfer the first toner from the first image-bearing member to the belt, and
wherein the control unit controls the potential formation unit to form the second electric field before the first toner that has been transferred to the belt reaches the second transfer portion, at the first transfer portion and the second transfer portion, to move the first toner from the belt to the second image-bearing member at the second transfer portion, and controls the second charge member to collect the first toner which has been moved to the second image-bearing member.

US Pat. No. 10,509,340

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR COLOR REGISTRATION CORRECTION

HP PRINTING KOREA CO., LT...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image former including a plurality of photosensitive drums to print, on a printing paper, a plurality of lines that are oriented perpendicular to a main scanning direction of the image former to be arranged at predetermined intervals along the main scanning direction,
each line of the plurality of lines including a plurality of colored sub-lines oriented perpendicular to the main scanning direction to be formed along a sub-scanning direction of the image former by corresponding photosensitive drums, and
at least two sub-lines among the plurality of sub-lines printed using a different respective one of the plurality of photosensitive drums;
a scanner to scan the printing paper, on which the plurality of lines is printed, to obtain a scanned image of the plurality of lines; and
at least one processor to perform color registration correction using the scanned image.

US Pat. No. 10,509,339

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD

Oki Data Corporation, To...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:an image forming section that selectively forms a first toner image to be printed on a first medium with use of a plurality of color toners and forms a second toner image to be printed on a second medium with use of the plurality of color toners, the color toners including a first color toner and a second color toner; and
a controller that controls the image forming section and thereby makes a first area density of the first color toner in the first toner image and a second area density of the first color toner in the second toner image differ from each other, and thereby makes a third area density of the second color toner in the first toner image and a fourth area density of the second color toner in the second toner image substantially equal to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,509,336

OPTICAL ASSEMBLY HAVING A THERMALLY CONDUCTIVE COMPONENT

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. An optical assembly, comprising:an optical element that is transmissive or reflective to radiation at a used wavelength, the optical element having an optically used region; and
a thermally conductive component arranged outside the optically used region of the optical element,
wherein at least one of the following holds:
the thermally conductive component comprises a material with a thermal conductivity of more than 500 W m?1 K?1; and
a product of a thickness of the thermally conductive component in millimeters and the thermal conductivity of the material is greater than 1 W mm m?1 K?1, and
wherein at least one of the following holds:
the material comprises carbon nanotubes;
the material comprises a woven fabric;
the thermally conductive component is connected to the optical element at a connection having a heat transfer coefficient of less than 1000 W m?2 K?1; and
the thermally conductive component is connected to the optical element via a material having a thermal conductivity of less than 1 W m?1 K?1.

US Pat. No. 10,509,332

APPARATUS FOR DELIVERING GAS AND ILLUMINATION SOURCE FOR GENERATING HIGH HARMONIC RADIATION

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A gas delivery system for use in an illumination source, comprising:a gas delivery element arranged to direct gas in at least a first direction, wherein the gas delivery element comprises:
an optical input; and
an optical output,
wherein the input and the output define an optical path, the optical path being oriented in a second direction,
wherein the second direction is non-perpendicular and non-parallel to the first direction, and
wherein the optical input and optical output are arranged to allow pump radiation to pass through the gas to generate high harmonic radiation.

US Pat. No. 10,509,324

LIGHT SOURCE FOR LITHOGRAPHY EXPOSURE PROCESS

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. A lithography exposure system, comprising:a plurality of nozzle assemblies;
a selection mechanism configured to selectively and fluidly connect an outlet of a storage member storing a target fuel with one of the plurality of nozzle assemblies so as to eject a droplet of the target fuel via the one of the plurality of nozzle assemblies that connected with the outlet; and
a laser generator configured to generate a laser pulse to hit the droplet.

US Pat. No. 10,509,323

EDGE-EXPOSURE TOOL WITH AN ULTRAVIOLET (UV) LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED)

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A method for edge exposure, the method comprising:receiving a workpiece covered by a photosensitive layer;
exposing an edge portion of the photosensitive layer, but not a center portion of the photosensitive layer, to radiation generated by a light emitting diode (LED), wherein the edge portion of the photosensitive layer extends along an edge of the workpiece in a closed path to enclose the center portion of the photosensitive layer; and
exposing an interior portion of the photosensitive layer to the radiation without exposing the center portion of the photosensitive layer, wherein the interior portion of the photosensitive layer is surrounded by the center portion of the photosensitive layer, and wherein the workpiece is at a same location during the exposing of the edge portion of the photosensitive layer as during the exposing of the interior portion of the photosensitive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,509,318

CHEMICALLY AMPLIFIED POSITIVE-TYPE PHOTOSENSITIVE RESIN COMPOSITION, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SUBSTRATE WITH TEMPLATE, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING PLATED ARTICLE

TOKYO OHKA KOGYO CO., LTD...

6. A method for manufacturing a plated article, the method comprising plating the substrate with the template manufactured by the method according to claim 5 to form the plated article in the template.

US Pat. No. 10,509,314

RESIST COMPOSITION AND PATTERNING PROCESS

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

16. A resist composition comprising a base polymer and a sulfonium or iodonium salt having the formula (A):wherein the circle RA is a C3-C12 cyclic hydrocarbon group which may contain an ether, ester, thiol, sulfone moiety or double bond and may be a bridged ring, or a C6-C10 aryl group,R1 is hydrogen or a straight, branched or cyclic C1-C6 alkyl group,
m is an integer of 0 to 5,
R2 is selected from the group consisting of straight, branched or cyclic C1-C6 alkyl, acetyl, methoxycarbonyl, ethoxycarbonyl, n-propyloxycarbonyl, isopropyloxycarbonyl, t-butoxycarbonyl, t-pentyloxycarbonyl, methylcyclopentyloxycarbonyl, ethylcyclopentyloxycarbonyl, methylcyclohexyloxycarbonyl, ethylcyclohexyloxycarbonyl, 9-fluorenylmethyloxycarbonyl, allyloxycarbonyl, phenyl, benzyl, naphthyl, naphthylmethyl, methoxymethyl, ethoxymethyl, propoxymethyl, and butoxymethyl,
R3 is a straight, branched or cyclic C1-C24 alkylene group which may contain a hydroxyl, alkoxy, ether, ester, sulfonic acid ester, cyano moiety, halogen atom, double bond, triple bond or aromatic moiety, with the proviso that the ?-carbon attached to SO3? in formula (A) is not substituted with fluorine,
A+ is a sulfonium cation having the formula (B) or iodonium cation having the formula (C):
wherein R4, R5 and R6 are each independently a straight, branched or cyclic C1-C12 alkyl or oxoalkyl group, a straight, branched or cyclic C2-C12 alkenyl or oxoalkenyl group, C6-C20 aryl group, or C7-C12 aralkyl or aryloxoalkyl group, in which at least one hydrogen may be substituted by a substituent containing an ether, ester, carbonyl, carbonate, hydroxyl, carboxyl, halogen, cyano, amide, nitro, sultone, sulfonic acid ester, sulfone, thiol moiety or sulfonium salt,R7 and R8 are each independently a C6-C20 aryl group in which at least one hydrogen may be substituted by a straight, branched or cyclic C1-C10 alkyl or alkoxy moiety.

US Pat. No. 10,509,307

HIGH CONTRAST, GLASS-BASED, WRITEABLE/ERASABLE FRONT PROJECTION SCREENS

CORNING INCORPORATED, Co...

1. A projection screen having a user-facing surface which faces a user during use of the projection screen, said projection screen comprising a transparent glass sheet and a diffusing element wherein:(a) the glass sheet has a front surface and a back surface separated by a distance d;
(b) the back surface of the glass sheet is in optical contact with the diffusing element;
(c) during use of the projection screen, the front and back surfaces of the glass sheet transmit image light from a projector to the diffusing element and the diffusing element reflects a portion of that light back through the glass sheet to a user;
(d) the glass sheet is configured to cause the projection screen to have a contrast of at least 75% based at least in part on the distance d being greater than 0.05 millimeters and less than 0.2 millimeters; and
(e) the user-facing surface of the projection screen is a writable/erasable surface.

US Pat. No. 10,509,303

LASER PROJECTION DEVICE WITH REFLECTIVE COMPONENT AND 1/4 WAVE PLATE

Qingdao Hisense Electroni...

1. A laser projection device comprising a laser array that is configured to emit at least a first blue polarized light, a reflective fluorescent wheel, a reflective component, a dichroic component disposed on a light path between the laser array and the reflective fluorescent wheel, and a 1/4 wave plate disposed between the reflective component and the dichroic component;wherein the dichroic component is disposed on a light emitting path of the laser array for receiving the first blue polarized light from the laser array;
the 1/4 wave plate is configured to receive the first blue polarized light from the dichroic component, generate a second blue polarized light, and emit the second blue polarized light to the reflective component; and is further configured to receive the second blue polarized light reflected by the reflective component, generate a third blue polarized light, and emit the third blue polarized light to the dichroic component;
the dichroic component is further configured to receive the third blue polarized light from the 1/4 wave plate and a fluorescent light from the reflective fluorescent wheel, and output the third blue polarized light and the fluorescent light in a same light emitting direction;
wherein polarization directions of the first blue polarized light and the third blue polarized light are perpendicular, and the dichroic component transmits one of the first blue polarized light and the third blue polarized light and can reflect the other of the first blue polarized light and the third blue polarized light;
wherein the laser array is further configured to emit a fourth blue polarized light, and a polarization direction of the fourth blue polarized light is the same as the polarization direction of the third blue polarized light, the reflective component is a reflector, and the reflective fluorescent wheel is provided with a fluorescent reflection region;
the 1/4 wave plate is configured to receive the first blue polarized light reflected by the dichroic component;
the reflective fluorescent wheel is excited by the fourth blue polarized light that is transmitted by the dichroic component to generate the fluorescent light; and
the dichroic component is further configured to transmit the third blue polarized light from the 1/4 wave plate and can reflect the fluorescent light;
wherein the laser array is further configured to emit a first red polarized light;
the 1/4 wave plate is further configured to receive the first red polarized light reflected by the dichroic component, generate a second red polarized light, and emit the second red polarized light to the reflective component; and is further configured to receive the second red polarized light reflected by the reflector, generate a third red polarized light, and emit the third red polarized light to the dichroic component; and
the dichroic component is configured to transmit the third red polarized light.

US Pat. No. 10,509,301

SYSTEMS, METHODS, AND DEVICES FOR USABILITY TESTING

DISH Technologies L.L.C.,...

1. A coupler for coupling a camera and handheld device, the coupler comprising:a handheld device mount configured to releasably couple to a handheld device, the handheld device mount including a cavity and having a base and opposing first and second sides;
first and second sidewalls extending from the base at respective ones of the first and second sides, wherein, when coupled to the handheld device, an entirety of the base and an entirety of the first and second sidewalls extend only along respective base and sidewalls of only a first end of the handheld device;
a mast having a first and second end, the first end coupled to and extending from a third side of the cavity; and
a camera mount at the second end of the mast and configured to receive a camera.

US Pat. No. 10,509,299

LIGHT SHIELDING DEVICE

1. A light shielding device, consisting of:a visor including a brim perpendicularly connected to an exterior side of a panel;
a first strap extending from a first side of the panel and a second strap extending from a second side of the panel defining an interior side configured to receive a cylindrical support therethrough, wherein a distal end of each of the first and second strap removably secure to one another to form a loop;
an attachment mechanism extending from the interior side of the panel, wherein the attachment mechanism is configured to secure to the support;
further comprising a pair of side shields each disposed on opposing lateral sides of the visor;
wherein the pair of side shields are made of a flexible material;
wherein the attachment mechanism comprises a singular row of teeth extending from a bottom portion of the interior side of the panel;
the row of teeth configured to engage and support the visor thereto.

US Pat. No. 10,509,298

OPTICAL DEVICE WITH ELECTROCHROMIC LENS CAP

Roo, Inc., New York, NY ...

1. A camera with an optical lens, the optical lens having an exterior covering wherein the covering is at least one electrochromic film that is electrically switchable between two states affecting image formation within said camera, which two states are a first, thoroughly opaque state, in which light does not pass through the optical lens, and a second, highly transparent state, when a charge is applied to the at least one electrochromic film, and wherein the presence of at least one of the two states is confirmed with a visible indicator;wherein said visible indicator is a patterned hue; and
wherein said electrochromic film forms said visible indicator.

US Pat. No. 10,509,295

BIAS CONTROL OF OPTICAL MODULATORS

Elenion Technologies, LLC...

1. A method for operating an optical modulator circuit (OMC) comprising an input optical port for receiving input light, an output optical port configured to provide output modulator light and tapped light, and one or more bias electrodes configured for controlling a modulator set point, the method comprising:a) providing light into the input port of the optical modulator circuit;
b) providing one or more bias control signals to the one or more bias electrodes, the one or more bias control signals comprising a first DC bias signal and a first dither signal comprising a dither tone at a first dither frequency f1;
c) providing the tapped light to a phase-sensitive dither detection circuit configured to detect an oscillation at the first dither frequency f1, or at a frequency related thereto, and to output two feedback signals that represent two quadrature components of the detected oscillation, the phase-sensitive dither detection circuit comprising a photodetector (PD) disposed to receive the tapped light;
d) providing slope information that is indicative of a direction of change of the two feedback signals relative to a change in the first DC bias signal; and
e) adjusting the first DC bias signal in a direction determined using the slope information.

US Pat. No. 10,509,289

DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A transparent display device comprising:a liquid crystal display panel, comprising a first substrate, a second substrate, and a liquid crystal layer positioned between the first substrate and the second substrate, wherein the liquid crystal layer includes a polymer network formed of polymerizable monomers;
a light guide component, located on a side of the first substrate opposite to the second substrate, wherein the light guide component has a first main surface facing the liquid crystal display panel, and a second main surface opposite to the first main surface, and a side surface connecting the first main surface and the second main surface; and
a light source, located on a side of the light guide component and configured to emit light to enter into the light guide component via the side surface,
wherein the light guide component is configured such that light from the light source is emitted out from the first surface of the light guide component into the liquid crystal display panel, and in a case that no voltage is applied to the liquid crystal layer, light from the light source is totally reflected at the liquid crystal display panel without being emitted out from a side of the second substrate opposite to the first substrate into the outside air,
wherein the first substrate is a first base substrate and the second substrate is a second base substrate, and light from the light source enters the first base substrate of the liquid crystal display panel with an incident angle greater than or equal to a total reflection critical angle of the second base substrate of the liquid crystal display panel to the outside air,
wherein the light guide component includes a light guide plate and a transparent filling layer; the transparent filling layer is filled between the light guide plate and the liquid crystal display panel and in direct contact with the light guide plate and the liquid crystal display panel; a refractive index of the filling layer is larger than a refractive index of the outside air and smaller a refractive index of the light guide plate,
wherein the light guide plate includes a light guide plate body and a plurality of optical microstructures formed on a surface of the light guide plate body facing the liquid crystal display panel,
the optical microstructures are configured such that light from the light source exits the light guide plate body therefrom,
wherein an average value of angles between respective tangential planes of a surface of the optical microstructure and a surface of the light guide plate body is larger than arccos (n1/n2) and less than arccos (n4/n3), wherein, the first substrate and the second substrate are identical in refractive index, n1 is a refractive index of the transparent filling layer, n2 is the refractive index of the light guide plate, n3 is the refractive index of the first and the second substrate, n4 is a refractive index of the outside air; and among n1-n4, n2 is the largest, and n4 is the smallest.

US Pat. No. 10,509,287

COLOR FILTER ON ARRAY SUBSTRATE HAVING A PHOTORESIST PLUG CONTACTING A LIQUID CRYSTAL LAYER

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A method for manufacturing a color filter on array (COA) substrate, comprising:forming a thin-film transistor on a base substrate, wherein the thin-film transistor comprises a first metal layer on the base substrate, a first insulation layer disposed on the first metal layer, a semiconductor active layer disposed on the first insulation layer, and a second metal layer disposed on the semiconductor active layer, wherein the second metal layer forms a drain electrode of the thin-film transistor; forming a second insulation layer on the thin-film transistor; forming a color resist layer on the second insulation layer; forming a third insulation layer on the color resist layer; and forming at least one through hole, which exposes the drain electrode of the thin-film transistor, and which sequentially extends through the third insulation layer, the color resist layer and the second insulation layer;
wherein the method further comprises:
forming an indium tin oxide (ITO) film layer on the third insulation layer, wherein the ITO film layer comprises a vias-region ITO film layer located on and attached in the through hole and a non vais-region ITO film layer located outside the through hole;
forming a photoresist layer on the ITO film layer;
performing a light-shielding process to the photoresist layer located only on the vias-region ITO film layer, and performing an exposure process to the photoresist layer on the non vias-region ITO film layer; and
developing the photoresist layer on the vias-region ITO film layer and the photoresist layer on the non vias-region ITO film layer in order to obtain a photoresist layer plug only covered on the vias-region ITO film layer;
wherein the photoresist layer plug comprises a plug portion and a protrusion portion, the plug portion is filled in the through hole, and the protrusion portion is protruded out from the through hole and covers the through hole only;
wherein the method further comprises assembling the COA substrate in a display device comprising a liquid crystal layer, wherein the photoresist layer plug is in contact with a portion of the liquid crystal layer near the photoresist layer plug; and
wherein a side plane of the photoresist layer plug exposed outside the through hole is perpendicular to the base substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,509,285

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR REPAIRING SHORT CIRCUIT DEFECT IN DISPLAY PANEL

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A method for repairing a short circuit defect in a display panel, comprising:connecting two terminals of an external repair power supply to a first test point and a second test point, respectively, wherein there is the short circuit defect in a line between the first test point and the second test point; and
adjusting an input voltage of the external repair power supply to fuse the short circuited line between the first test point and the second test point,
wherein the first test point comprises one of a data line test point or a gate line test point, and the second test point comprises a common electrode test point,
wherein a positive electrode of the external repair power supply is connected to the first test point, and a negative electrode of the external repair power supply is connected to the second test point.

US Pat. No. 10,509,284

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a liquid crystal panel including:
an element substrate,
a counter substrate facing the element substrate,
a liquid crystal layer sandwiched between the element substrate and the counter substrate,
an incident-side linear polarizing plate arranged on a light-incident side of the liquid crystal layer, and
an emission-side linear polarizing plate arranged on a light-emission side of the liquid crystal layer, wherein
the element substrate includes a resin film as a base material,
a plurality of insulating films, a plurality of gate bus lines, and a plurality of source bus lines are defined on the base material,
a contact hole is defined in the plurality of insulating films, the contact hole being rectangular in a plan view and arranged obliquely with respect to the plurality of gate bus lines and the plurality of source bus lines, and
either a long side or a short side of the contact hole is parallel with an absorption axis of the incident-side linear polarizing plate or the emission-side linear polarizing plate.

US Pat. No. 10,509,283

DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING NON-OVERLAPPING REGION OF FIRST AND SECOND POLARIZERS

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device, comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate including a display area and a non-display area surrounding the display area, the first substrate and the second substrate facing and attached to each other;
a first polarizer disposed on the display area of the first substrate;
a second polarizer entirely disposed on the display area and the non-display area of the second substrate and having a non-overlapping region which does not overlap with the first polarizer in the non-display area; and
a light leakage prevention pattern in the non-display area and disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate in the non-overlapping region of the first polarizer and the second polarizer and including a color filter pattern and a light blocking pattern which overlap each other, wherein an end portion of the first polarizer overlaps with the color filter pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,509,281

DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A display panel, comprising:an opposed substrate and an array substrate which are stacked together and disposed opposite to each other; and
a flexible printed circuit provided on a side of the opposed substrate and the array substrate which are stacked together,
wherein the opposed substrate comprises a conductive layer, which is configured for electrostatic prevention, the flexible printed circuit comprises a first conductive structure and a second conductive structure, the first conductive structure is electrically connected to the conductive layer from the side, the second conductive structure is electrically connected to the array substrate and configured for transmitting a driving signal to the array substrate, and the conductive layer is grounded through the first conductive structure.

US Pat. No. 10,509,280

LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A liquid crystal panel, comprising a plurality of color resist blocks and a plurality of spacers respectively arranged at one side of the color resist blocks, each of the color resist blocks comprising a first zone and a second zone arranged in sequence in a first direction, the plurality of color resist blocks comprising a first color resist block, a second color resist block, and a third color resist block arranged in sequence in the first direction, the first zone of the third color resist block being formed with a first through hole, the third color resist block comprising a first extension section extending from the second zone of the third color resist block, the first extension section extending in the first direction, the plurality of spacers comprising a first spacer, the first spacer being set at a location corresponding to the first extension section or the second zone of the third color resist block, andwherein the first zone of the first color resist block and the second zone of the second color resist block are formed with a second through hole and a third through hole, respectively, and the plurality of spacers further comprise a second spacer and a third spacer, the second spacer and the third spacer being set at locations corresponding, respectively, to the second zone of the first color resist block and the first zone of the second color resist block.

US Pat. No. 10,509,277

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. A liquid crystal display (LCD) device, comprising:a backlight module, comprising a light emitting surface and a back surface opposite to the light emitting surface;
a liquid crystal panel, disposed on the light emitting surface of the backlight module, wherein a signal binding end is disposed on a front surface, away from the backlight module, of the liquid crystal panel; and
a chip on film (COF), comprising a flexible circuit board, a binding part and a driver chip disposed on a first surface of the flexible circuit board, wherein the flexible circuit board is connected to the signal binding end through the binding part and is bent and extended to the back surface of the backlight module;
wherein the first surface of the flexible circuit board extendedly bending to the back surface of the backlight module comprises a first area facing away from the backlight module, and the driver chip is connected to the first area;
wherein the flexible circuit board comprises two or more bending portions stacked between the backlight module and the driver chip in a vertical direction, the two or more bending portions are bended and extended toward the first area.

US Pat. No. 10,509,275

DISPLAY PANEL HAVING STABLE MAINTENANCE RATIO WITH VIEWING ANGLE CHANGED IN DIFFERENT GRAY LEVELS

Innolux Corporation, Chu...

1. A display panel, comprising:a first substrate, comprising:
a first base;
scan lines, disposed above the first base and extending along a first direction;
data lines, disposed above the first base and extending along a second direction wherein the first direction is different from the second direction; and
an electrode disposed between two of the data lines, having two extending portions and one bending portion, wherein the two extending portions are substantially parallel to the second direction, and the bending portion is positioned between the two extending portions and connects the two extending portions;
wherein when a light passes the electrode, a dark pattern corresponds to the bending portion of the electrode, and an extending direction of the dark pattern is substantially parallel to the first direction,
wherein the dark pattern has a first width in a first gray level and a second width in a second gray level, and the first width is larger than the second width, and the second gray level is a maximum gray level of the display panel, and the first gray level is equal to half of all gray levels.

US Pat. No. 10,509,273

DISPLAY ELEMENT

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. A display element, comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate arranged opposite to said first substrate;
a barrier rib pattern and an intermediate layer positioned between the first substrate and the second substrate, and
a vertical alignment adhesive layer positioned between the first substrate and the intermediate layer, and between the first substrate and the barrier rib pattern,
wherein the vertical alignment adhesive layer comprises functional nanoparticles and a vertical alignment silicon-based adhesive, wherein the functional nanoparticles are selected from the group consisting of indium tin oxide (ITO) nanoparticles, silver (Ag) nanowires, and silica nanoparticles, and
wherein the vertical alignment adhesive layer imparts a vertical alignment to a material in the intermediate layer,
wherein
the vertical alignment adhesive layer comprises the functional nanoparticles so as to satisfy the following equations 1 and 2:
Gi×100?GN?1×1010 S/m  [Equation 1]wherein, GN represents an electric conductivity value (S/m) of the vertical alignment adhesive layer comprising the functional nanoparticles, and Gi represents an electric conductivity value (S/m) of a vertical alignment adhesive layer that does not comprise the functional nanoparticlesCi×1.5?CN?50  [Equation 2]
wherein, CN represents a dielectric constant value of the vertical alignment adhesive layer comprising the functional nanoparticles and Ci represents a dielectric constant value of a vertical alignment adhesive layer that does not comprise the functional nanoparticles.

US Pat. No. 10,509,270

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY APPARATUS

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A display device comprising:a plurality of pixels:
a switching element arranged in each of the pixels;
a signal line electrically connected to the switching element;
a pixel electrode electrically connected to the switching element through a contact portion and arranged in each of the pixels;
a common electrode opposed to the pixel electrode; and
a metal wiring extending in a direction crossing an extending direction of the signal line,
wherein
the switching element includes a first switching element and a second switching element,
the pixel electrode includes a first pixel electrode electrically connected to the first switching element through a first contact portion and a second pixel electrode electrically connected to the second switching element through a second contact portion,
the common electrode comprises a slit which extends in the extending direction of the signal line and overlaps the signal line,
the common electrode includes a plurality of openings arranged in the direction crossing the extending direction of the signal line,
the first contact portion and the second contact portion are in one of the openings, and
the metal wiring is arranged on and in contact with the common electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,509,268

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A display device comprising:a first translucent substrate;
a second translucent substrate facing the first translucent substrate;
a liquid crystal layer including polymer dispersed liquid crystal sealed between the first translucent substrate and the second translucent substrate;
at least one light emitter facing at least one of a side surface of the first translucent substrate or a side surface of the second translucent substrate; and
a display controller that controls transmittance of light passing through the first translucent substrate and the second translucent substrate; and
a first electrode and a second electrode with the liquid crystal layer interposed therebetween, wherein
a non-light-emitting period in which the at least one light emitter does not emit light is provided between a plurality of light-emitting periods in which the at least one light emitter emits light,
a first period of the light-emitting periods in which the at least one light emitter emits light of a first color is a first sub-frame period; a second period of the light-emitting periods in which the at least one light emitter emits light of a second color is a second sub-frame period; and a third period of the light-emitting periods in which the at least one light emitter emits light of a third color is a third sub-frame period, and
the display controller sequentially applies a first voltage to the first electrode according to a gradation value of a color of an image in synchronization with the emission of the light of the first color, the light of the second color, or the light of the third color, and applies a second voltage to the first electrode during the non-light-emitting period.

US Pat. No. 10,509,267

SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY PANEL AND MANUFACTURING METHODS THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A substrate, comprising:a substrate body; and
a planarization layer arranged on the substrate body,
wherein a groove or notch penetrating through the planarization layer is provided at a surface of the substrate facing a liquid crystal layer, at least a portion of the groove or notch is located at a region where a sealant is applied, and a waterproof material is filled within the groove or notch,
wherein in a direction perpendicular to a plane where an end surface of the substrate body is located, a width of the groove or notch is greater than a width of the region where the sealant is applied.

US Pat. No. 10,509,264

CELL ALIGNMENT DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A cell alignment device for aligning a first substrate and a second substrate of a display panel, comprising:a first platform and a second platform disposed oppositely;
a light emitting unit disposed on a surface of the first platform facing the second platform and configured to emit light toward the second platform;
a light sensing unit disposed on a surface of the second platform facing the first platform and configured to sense a light intensity of light emitted by the light emitting unit; and
a control unit configured to, when the sensed light intensity is greater than or equal to a preset light intensity, adjust a position of at least one of the first platform and the second platform until the sensed light intensity is smaller than the preset light intensity, wherein
the cell alignment device is further configured to receive the first substrate on a surface of the light emitting unit facing the light sensing unit and receive the second substrate on a surface of the light sensing unit facing the light emitting unit during cell alignment.

US Pat. No. 10,509,262

DISPLAY APPARATUS WITH LIGHT CONVERTER PATTERN

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display panel; and
a plurality of light source modules disposed in parallel with a rear surface of the display panel and configured to emit light toward the display panel,
wherein each of the plurality of light source modules comprises:
a modulator configured to guide light;
a light source disposed on a rear surface of the modulator and configured to generate light;
a reflecting member disposed on a front surface of the modulator and opposite to the light source, and configured to reflect the generated light to an inside of the modulator or to the rear surface of the modulator; and
a light conversion member disposed on the rear surface of the modulator and configured to convert a wavelength of the generated light that is guided by the modulator, the light conversion member being disposed in a predetermined pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,509,261

REFLECTIVE LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL

HannStar Display Corporat...

1. A reflective liquid crystal display panel, having a display area and a periphery area surrounding the display area, and comprising a plurality of pixel units disposed in the display area, wherein each of the pixel units comprises:a first substrate;
one first signal line and four second signal lines, disposed on the first substrate;
a first pixel structure, a second pixel structure, a third pixel structure and a fourth pixel structure, electrically connected to one of the four second signal lines respectively and electrically connected to the first signal line, wherein the first pixel structure, the second pixel structure, the third pixel structure and the fourth pixel structure respectively comprise:
an active component; and
a reflective pixel electrode, electrically connected to the active component, wherein an area ratio of the reflective pixel electrode of the first pixel structure, the reflective pixel electrode of the second pixel structure, the reflective pixel electrode of the third pixel structure and the reflective pixel electrode of the fourth pixel structure is 1:1:2:4, wherein the first signal line is a scan line, and the four second signal lines are data lines;
a second substrate, located opposite to the first substrate; and
a liquid crystal layer, disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate, wherein each of the pixel units further comprises a spacer disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate and covering a part of the reflective pixel electrode of the first pixel structure, and a reflection area ratio of the first pixel structure, the second pixel structure, the third pixel structure and the fourth pixel structure is 1:2:4:8.

US Pat. No. 10,509,260

DATA CENTER

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A data center, comprising:a wavelength source, configured to generate an N-wavelength laser beam, wherein N is an integer greater than or equal to 1;
a first optical component, comprising a first port, a second port, and a third port;
a first communications device, comprising a first server or a first switch; and
a second communications device, comprising a second server or a second switch;
wherein the first port of the first optical component is configured to receive an M-wavelength laser beam from the wavelength source, wherein M is an integer greater than or equal to 1 and less than or equal to N;
wherein the second port of the first optical component is configured to send the M-wavelength laser beam to the first communications device, wherein the M-wavelength laser beam comprises a first-wavelength laser beam;
wherein the second port of the first optical component is further configured to receive a modulated first optical signal from the first communications device, wherein the modulated first optical signal is obtained by the first communications device by modulating a first service signal onto the first-wavelength laser beam; and
wherein the third port of the first optical component is configured to send the modulated first optical signal to the second communications device.

US Pat. No. 10,509,258

MANUFACTURING METHOD OF DISPLAY PANEL AND WIRE-GRATING POLARIZER AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A manufacturing method of a display panel, comprising:arranging a plurality of wire-grating structures at intervals on a first substrate, wherein a plurality of transparent zones of the first substrate are defined among the plurality of wire-grating structures;
adopting the wire-grating structure as a mask plate to form a black matrix on the transparent zone;
providing a second substrate and a liquid crystal layer;
arranging the first substrate, the second substrate, and the liquid crystal layer to form the display panel,
wherein a step of arranging the plurality of wire-grating structures at intervals on the first substrate comprises:
forming a wire-grating material layer on the first substrate;
coating a photoresist material on the wire-grating material layer to form a photoresist layer;
imprinting the photoresist layer to expose a portion of the wire-grating material layer;
etching the exposed portion of the wire-grating material layer; and
removing the photoresist layer,
wherein the wire-grating structure comprises a plurality of wire gratings; the plurality of wire gratings are arranged at intervals; an interval of between the wire-grating structures ranges from 50 micrometers (?m) to 1000 ?m; an interval between two wire gratings ranges from 50 nanometers (nm) to 1000 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,509,257

DISPLAY PANELS, WIRE GRID POLARIZERS, AND THE MANUFACTURING METHODS THEREOF

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A display panel, comprising:a first substrate, a second substrate opposite to the first substrate, a liquid crystal layer configured between the first substrate and the second substrate, and a wire grid polarizer configured on the first substrate or the second substrate, wherein the wire grid polarizer comprises a carrier substrate, a quantum dot (QD) adhesive layer, and a wire grid structure being bonded with the carrier substrate by the QD adhesive layer, the wire grid structure comprises a plurality of wire grids spaced apart from each other, the QD adhesive layer comprises QD materials and adhesive, a wire grid cycle of the wire grid structure is in a range from 100 to 300 nm, a wire grid width is in a range from 50 to 200 nm, and the wire grid structure is made by aluminum;
wherein the wire grid polarizer is configured on one surface of the first substrate facing toward the second substrate, and the first substrate is a color filter substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,509,251

POLYMERIZABLE COMPOSITION, WAVELENGTH CONVERSION MEMBER, BACKLIGHT UNIT, AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A polymerizable composition comprising:quantum dots having surfaces coordinated with a ligand;
a polymerizable compound; and
a dispersant,
wherein the ligand is a molecule that includes a saturated hydrocarbon chain having 6 or more carbon atoms and a coordinating group,
a LogP value of the polymerizable compound is 3.0 or lower,
the dispersant has a nonpolar portion and a polar portion in a molecule, and
the nonpolar portion is at least one selected from the group consisting of a saturated hydrocarbon chain having 6 or more carbon atoms, an aromatic ring, and a saturated aliphatic ring having 6 or more carbon atoms, and
the dispersant is at least one selected from the group consisting of Compound A1, Compound A2, Compound A3, Compound A4, Compound B1, Compound C, and Compound D:

wherein, in Compound A1, A3, and A4 each of ma and na is a number in which ma:na is 5:5 to 9:1, and R1 is at least one of a saturated hydrocarbon chain having 6 or more carbon atoms, an aromatic ring, or a saturated aliphatic ring having 6 or more carbon atoms;

wherein, in Compound A2, each of ma, na and pa is a number in which ma:(na+pa) is 5:5 to 9:1 and na:pa is 1:9 to 9:1, and R1 is at least one of a saturated hydrocarbon chain having 6 or more carbon atoms, an aromatic ring, or a saturated aliphatic ring having 6 or more carbon atoms;

wherein in Compound B1 each R1 is independently selected from a saturated hydrocarbon chain having 6 or more carbon atoms, an aromatic ring, or a saturated aliphatic ring having 6 or more carbon atoms, and mb:nb is 5:5 to 9:1; and

wherein in Compound D, n:m is 1:5 to 1:20.

US Pat. No. 10,509,245

MULTI-CHANNEL LASER SYSTEM INCLUDING AN ACOUSTO-OPTIC MODULATOR (AOM) WITH BEAM STABILIZER AND RELATED METHODS

HARRIS CORPORATION, Melb...

1. A laser system comprising:a laser source configured to generate a laser light beam;
a beam stabilizer downstream from the laser source;
an ion trap;
a first beamsplitter configured to split the laser light beam into a first front side laser light beam and a back side laser light beam for a back side of the ion trap;
a multi-channel acousto-optic modulator (AOM) comprising
a second beamsplitter to split the first front side laser light beam into a plurality of second front side laser light beams from the second beamsplitter,
a common acousto-optic medium configured to receive the plurality of front side laser light beams, and
a respective plurality of electrodes coupled to the common acousto-optic medium for each of the second front side laser light beams;
a plurality of radio frequency (RF) drivers each configured to generate respective RF drive signals for each of the plurality of electrodes;
an input telescope configured to direct the front side laser light beam to the second beamsplitter; and
an output telescope configured to direct the plurality of second front side laser light beams to a front side of the ion trap.

US Pat. No. 10,509,242

MICRO-FASTENED, SEALED LIGHT MODULATOR

Vlyte Innovations Limited...

1. A switchable light modulator device comprising a fluid layer disposed between opposite spaced apart major surfaces of first and second substrates, each of said substrates having first and second interoperable microstructures formed on said opposite major surfaces, said respective microstructures fitting together to join said first and second substrates and to define wall portions for a plurality of cavities, said cavities sealing said fluid in discrete volumes, wherein said second microstructures define said wall portions and comprise an elastomeric solid polymer characterized by a glass transition temperature less than 20 degrees Celsius and possessing crosslinks.

US Pat. No. 10,509,238

ELECTROWETTING OPTHALMIC OPTICS INCLUDING GAS-PERMEABLE COMPONENTS

Verily Life Sciences LLC,...

1. An electrowetting contact lens comprising:an electrowetting cell comprising:
first and second optical windows, each having an inside surface and an outside surface and joined around their perimeter to form a sealed enclosure between the inside surfaces of the first and second optical windows,
a first gas-permeable electrode formed on the first optical window, the first gas-permeable electrode comprising an electrically conductive layer and at least one dielectric layer, the electrically conductive layer being sandwiched between the first optical window and the at least one dielectric layer,
a second gas-permeable electrode formed on the second optical window, the second gas-permeable electrode comprising an electrically conductive layer,
an oil layer positioned in the sealed enclosure so that the oil layer is in contact with the inner surface of the first optical window and with the first gas-permeable electrode, and
a saline solution layer positioned in the sealed enclosure so that the saline solution layer is in contact with the oil layer, with the inner surface of the second optical window, and with the second gas-permeable electrode,
a protective coating surrounding and completely enclosing the electrowetting cell; and
a contact lens material, distinct from the protective coating, surrounding and completely enclosing the protective coating.

US Pat. No. 10,509,235

METHOD OF CALCULATING OPTICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF AN OPTICAL SYSTEM ACCORDING TO A GIVEN SPECTACLE FRAME

Essilor International, C...

1. A method of calculating optical characteristics of an optical system of an ophthalmic lens according to a given spectacle frame, said ophthalmic lens comprising a back surface and a front surface arranged to deliver an ophthalmic vision image, where the back surface is positioned closest to a wearer's eye when the ophthalmic lens is worn, the ophthalmic lens comprising a light-guide optical element having a proximal surface and a distal surface, said light-guide optical element being arranged to output a supplementary image to the wearer through an exit surface located on the proximal surface, the method comprising:obtaining, by processing circuitry, at least morpho-geometrical parameter data of the frame or of the light-guide optical element; and
optimizing, by the processing circuitry, the optical system according to at least the morpho-geometrical parameter data as a target, the morpho-geometrical parameter data of the spectacle frame or of the light-guide optical element being chosen from the list consisting of a pantoscopic angle of the frame, a face form angle of the frame, a base curve of the frame and a contour of the frame, or a pantoscopic angle of the light-guide optical element, the optical system being optimized with the proviso that a distance d1 between the distal surface and the front surface and a distance d2 between the proximal surface and the back surface are equal to or more than 0.2 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,509,233

SPECKLE REDUCING DEVICE AND PROJECTOR

Nikon Corporation, Tokyo...

1. An optical device, comprising:a first polarization splitter unit that splits incident light into first light flux that has first polarized light and second light flux that has second polarized light, and outputs the first light flux and the second light flux;
a first reflecting unit that reflects the first light flux output from the first polarization splitter unit to the first polarization splitter unit;
a first conversion unit disposed between the first polarization splitter unit and the first reflecting unit, which converts the first polarized light of the first light flux to the second polarized light;
a second reflecting unit that reflects the first light flux converted to the second polarized light, and which was output from the first polarization splitter unit, entered the first polarization splitter unit and was output from the first polarization splitter unit, to the first polarization splitter unit; and
a second conversion unit disposed between the first polarization splitter unit and the second reflecting unit, which converts the second polarized light of the first light flux to the first polarized light,
wherein the first polarization splitter unit outputs the first light flux, which was reflected by the second reflecting unit and entered the first polarization splitter unit, and the second light flux along a direction in which the incident light entered the first polarization splitter unit,
the optical device further comprising:
a second polarization splitter unit that splits the first light flux and the second light flux, which was output from the first polarization splitter unit and entered the second polarization splitter unit, into third light flux and fourth light flux; and
a third conversion unit disposed between the first polarization splitter unit and the second polarization splitter unit, which converts the first polarized light and the second polarized light included in the first light flux and the second light flux to circularly polarized light.

US Pat. No. 10,509,230

VIRTUAL DISPLAY APPARATUS

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A virtual display apparatus comprising:an image element configured to emit image light;
an eyepiece optical system configured to cause the image light from the image element to be visually recognized as an image of a virtual image; and
a micro structure portion provided on the eyepiece optical system and configured to diffuse the image light, wherein
the virtual display apparatus satisfies an expression below:

where ?n is a refraction index difference of a medium before and after a micro structure surface of the micro structure portion, ? is a maximum inclination angle of the micro structure surface with respect to an optical axis, t is a width of a single pixel constituting the image element, and f is a focal distance of a whole optical system.

US Pat. No. 10,509,226

HEADS UP DISPLAY SYSTEM

GENTEX CORPORATION, Zeel...

1. A heads up display system of a vehicle, comprising:a combiner screen comprising:
a first substantially transparent substrate defining a first surface and a second surface;
a second substantially transparent substrate defining a third surface and a fourth surface;
a third substantially transparent substrate defining a fifth surface and a sixth surface, wherein the first substrate is positioned between the third substrate and the second substrate;
a primary seal disposed between the first and second substrates, wherein the seal and the first and second substrates define a cavity therebetween;
an electro-optic material positioned within the cavity; and
a transflective layer comprising a multilayer film positioned between the first and sixth surfaces; and
a projector for projecting light having a first polarization toward the fifth surface of the third substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,509,225

TRANSMISSION TYPE SCREEN AND HEAD-UP DISPLAY DEVICE USING SAME

Dai Nippon Printing Co., ...

1. A transmission type screen comprising:a first surface; and
a second surface opposed to the first surface;
wherein the first surface is equipped with a microlens array including a plurality of microlenses;
wherein the second surface is equipped with a light diffusion surface;
wherein the microlens array and light diffusion surface each have a diffusion angle defined as a full width at half maximum that is a difference between two angles at half of the maximum scattered light intensity of a light perpendicularly entering into, and emerging from, the transmission type screen; and
wherein a diffusion angle ratio of the diffusion angle of the light diffusion surface relative to the diffusion angle of the microlens array is not less than 0.2 and not more than 0.4.

US Pat. No. 10,509,223

SYSTEM, METHOD AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR PHOTOMETRIC SYSTEM DESIGN AND ENVIRONMENTAL RUGGEDIZATION

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method to design a photometric system, the method comprising:selecting an initial population of simulated candidate optical elements, wherein the optical elements are optical filters and/or Integrated Computational Elements (ICE) of the photometric system configured to be disposed within a downhole environment;
determining one or more base environmental factors associated with the downhole environment;
evolving the one or more base environmental factors associated with the downhole environment to one or more evolved environmental factors associated with the downhole environment;
applying an evolutionary algorithm comprising the one or more evolved environmental factors to evaluate the one or more of the simulated candidate optical elements, where applying the evolutionary algorithm further comprises utilizing a multi-objective fitness function,
wherein utilizing the multi-objective fitness function comprises determining central wavelengths of the simulated candidate optical elements and penalizing central wavelength overlap among the simulated candidate optical elements; and
selecting at least one of the simulated candidate optical elements in response to the applying the evolutionary algorithm, the selected simulated candidate optical elements being environmentally rugged optical elements to be utilized within the photometric system.

US Pat. No. 10,509,222

MULTI-DIRECTIONAL BAR CODE SCANNING DEVICE HAVING MULTIPLE LASER EMITTERS MATCHED WITH SINGLE PHOTOSENSITIVE RECEIVER

SUNLUX IOT TECHNOLOGY (GU...

1. A multi-directional bar code scanning device having multiple laser emitters matched with a single photosensitive receiver, comprising:a housing, with a recess formed on a middle of the housing, a light source groove and a light projection reflector support being provided at a side of the housing, and a light collection rectangular aperture formed on a bottom of the recess;
N laser emitters, fixed in the light source groove via an installation component and adapted for emitting N laser beams and projecting the N laser beams at a certain projected path, therein N is an integer and N?2;
N light projection reflectors, located above the light source groove and mounted on the light projection reflector support to match with the N laser emitters correspondingly;
a light collection reflector, located at a front of the N light projection reflectors, with N light projection apertures being formed on a middle of the light collection reflector to match with the N light projection reflectors correspondingly;
a rotatable reflector group, configured in the recess and located opposite to the N light projection reflectors;
a tilted reflector group, including a plurality of reflectors at different angles which are configured at a ring surface of the recess; and
a single photosensitive receiver, located beneath the light collection rectangular apertures and opposite to the light collection reflectors;
wherein the N laser beams emitted from the N laser reflectors are emitted to the N light projection reflectors correspondingly, pass through the N light projection apertures on the light collection reflector, then are reflected by the rotatable reflector group and the tilted reflector group in turn to form N baseline laser scanning beams to project on a target bar code; after scattered by the target bar code, the N baseline laser scanning beams are reflected reversely to the light collection reflectors and focused to the photosensitive receiver which is arranged for converting an optical signal to an electrical signal,
wherein the laser beams emitted from the N laser emitters are focused and aligned by the lens and then spread at different positions from far to near.

US Pat. No. 10,509,217

BESSEL BEAM PLANE ILLUMINATION MICROSCOPE

Howard Hughes Medical Ins...

1. A microscope comprising:a light source for generating a light beam having a wavelength, ?;
beam-forming optics, including an optical element positioned in a path of the light beam and configured for generating an annular ring of light, the beam-forming optics being configured for generating from the light beam an excitation beam having a central lobe and at least one side lobe and also configured to direct the excitation beam to a position within a sample, wherein the beam-forming optics include an excitation objective having an axis oriented in a first direction, and wherein a transverse profile of the excitation beam in the sample is intermediate between a profile that approximates the J0 Bessel function and a profile that approximates the Gaussian function;
imaging optics configured for receiving light from a position within the sample that is illuminated by the excitation beam and for imaging the received light on a detector, the imaging optics including a detection objective having an axis oriented in a second direction that is non-parallel to the first direction; and
a detector configured for detecting light received by the imaging optics.

US Pat. No. 10,509,213

APPARATUS FOR OBSERVING, ACQUIRING AND SHARING OPTICAL IMAGERY PRODUCED BY OPTICAL IMAGE SOURCES

1. A mobile apparatus for optically and mechanically adapting itself to universally interface with any one of a large variety of different types of afocal optical image sources and focal optical image sources, said mobile apparatus configured of combinations of selected functional modules from a menu of said functional modules comprising:a clamping mechanism module;
an extension module;
a camera lens mount module;
a zoom lens module; an eyepiece module;
a field lens module;
a macro zoom lens module;
an electronic image sensor array camera module;
an electronic circuits module;
an end cap module;
wherein said mobile apparatus is configurable as any one of the following combinations of said functional modules:
a 1st combination,
a 2nd combination,
a 3rd combination,
a 4th combination,
a 5th combination,
a 6th combination,
a 7th combination, or
an 8th combination;
wherein the choice of which one of said combinations of said functional modules to configure to use for interfacing to the particular said optical image source immediately at hand is made by an observer based on the particular interfacing needs of that particular said optical image source to be interfaced to, as follows:
a) said 1st combination of functional modules, is configured for interfacing to any one of said afocal optical image sources having a 1st original equipment eyepiece, and a 1st optical axis, and a 1st mechanical axis, and a 1st afocal optical imagery, and a 1st entrance pupil, and a 1st exit pupil, for acquiring said 1st afocal optical imagery from said 1st original equipment eyepiece of said afocal optical image source types, and for transmitting said 1st afocal optical imagery from said mobile apparatus to said observer and to said observer's audience;
b) said 2nd combination of functional modules, is configured for interfacing to any one of said afocal optical image sources having a 1st barrel enclosure, and said 1st optical axis, and said 1st mechanical axis, and said 1st afocal optical imagery, and said 1st entrance pupil, and said 1st exit pupil, for acquiring said 1st afocal optical imagery from said afocal optical image source types, and for transmitting said 1st afocal optical imagery from said mobile apparatus to said observer and to said observer's audience;
c) said 3rd combination of functional modules, is configured for interfacing to any one of said focal optical image sources having said 1st barrel enclosure, and said 1st optical axis, and said 1st mechanical axis, and said 1st focal optical imagery, and said 2nd entrance pupil, for acquiring said 1st focal optical imagery from the image plane of said focal optical image source types, and for transmitting said 1st focal optical imagery from said mobile apparatus to said observer and to said observer's audience;
d) said 4th combination of functional modules, is configured for interfacing to any one of said focal optical image sources having said 1st barrel enclosure, and said 1st optical axis, and said 1st mechanical axis, and said 1st focal optical imagery, and said 2nd entrance pupil, for acquiring said 1st focal optical imagery from the image plane of said focal optical image source types, and for transmitting said 1st focal optical imagery from said mobile apparatus to said observer and to said observer's audience;
e) said 5th combination of functional modules, is configured for interfacing to any one of said focal optical image sources having a camera lens mount, and said 1st optical axis, and said 1st mechanical axis, and said 1st focal optical imagery, and said 2nd entrance pupil, for acquiring said 1st focal optical imagery from the image plane of said focal optical image source types, and for transmitting said 1st focal optical imagery from said mobile apparatus to said observer and to said observer's audience;
f) said 6th combination of functional modules, is configured for interfacing to any one of said focal optical image sources having said 1st barrel enclosure, and said 1st optical axis, and said 1st mechanical axis, and said 1st focal optical imagery, and said 2nd entrance pupil, for acquiring said 1st focal optical imagery from the image plane of said focal optical image source types, and for transmitting said 1st focal optical imagery from said mobile apparatus to said observer and to said observer's audience;
g) said 7th combination of functional modules, is configured for interfacing to any one of said focal optical image sources having said 1st barrel enclosure, and said 1st optical axis, and said 1st mechanical axis, and said 1st focal optical imagery, and said 2nd entrance pupil, for acquiring said 1st focal optical imagery from the image plane of said focal optical image source types, and for transmitting said 1st focal optical imagery from said mobile apparatus to said observer and to said observer's audience;
h) said 8th combination of functional modules, is configured for interfacing to any one of said focal optical image sources having said camera lens mount, and said 1st optical axis, and said 1st mechanical axis, and said 1st focal optical imagery, and said 2nd entrance pupil, for acquiring said 1st focal optical imagery from the image plane of said focal optical image source types, and for transmitting said 1st focal optical imagery from said mobile apparatus to said observer and to said observer's audience;
wherein: a) said 1st combination of functional modules, is mounted on said afocal optical image source and positioned along said 1st optical axis using said clamping mechanism module, for preventing vignetting of said 1st afocal optical imagery;
b) said 2nd combination of functional modules, is mounted on said afocal optical image source and positioned along said 1st optical axis using said extension module, for preventing vignetting of said 1st afocal optical imagery;
c) said 3rd combination of functional modules, is mounted on said focal optical image source and positioned along said 1st optical axis using said clamping mechanism module, for preventing vignetting of said 1st focal optical imagery;
d) said 4th combination of functional modules, is mounted on said focal optical image source and positioned along said 1st optical axis using said extension module, for preventing vignetting of said 1st focal optical imagery;
e) said 5th combination of functional modules, is mounted on said focal optical image source and positioned along said 1st optical axis using said camera lens mount module, for preventing vignetting of said 1st focal optical imagery;
f) said 6th combination of functional modules, is mounted on said focal optical image source and positioned along said optical axis using said clamping mechanism module, for preventing vignetting of said 1st focal optical imagery;
g) said 7th combination of functional modules, is mounted on said focal optical image source and positioned along said 1st optical axis using said extension module, for preventing vignetting of said 1st focal optical imagery;
h) said 8th combination of functional modules, is mounted on said focal optical image source and positioned along said optical axis using said camera lens mount module, for preventing vignetting of said 1st focal optical imagery;
wherein said 1st combination of functional modules, is comprised of: an ordered pre-determined connected modular sequence of: said clamping mechanism module and said zoom lens module and said electronic image sensor array camera module and said electronic circuits module and said end cap module;
wherein said 2nd combination of functional modules, is comprised of: an ordered pre-determined connected modular sequence of: said extension module and said zoom lens module and said electronic image sensor array camera module and said electronic circuits module and said end cap module;
wherein said 3rd combination of functional modules, is comprised of: an ordered pre-determined connected modular sequence of: said clamping mechanism module and said field lens module and said macro zoom lens module and said electronic image sensor array camera module and said electronic circuits module and said end cap module;
wherein said 4th combination of functional modules, is comprised of: an ordered pre-determined connected modular sequence of: said extension module and said field lens module and said macro zoom lens module and said electronic image sensor array camera module and said electronic circuits module and said end cap module;
wherein said 5th combination of functional modules, is comprised of: an ordered pre-determined connected modular sequence of: said camera lens mount module and said field lens module and said macro zoom lens module and said electronic image sensor array camera module and said electronic circuits module and said end cap module;
wherein said 6th combination of functional modules, is comprised of: an ordered pre-determined connected modular sequence of: said clamping mechanism module and said eyepiece module and said zoom lens module and said electronic image sensor array camera module and said electronic circuits module and said end cap module;
wherein said 7th combination of functional modules, is comprised of: an ordered pre-determined connected modular sequence of: said extension module and said eyepiece module and said zoom lens module and said electronic image sensor array camera module and said electronic circuits module and said end cap module;
wherein said 8h combination of functional modules, is comprised of: an ordered pre-determined connected modular sequence of: said camera lens mount module and said eyepiece module and said zoom lens module and said electronic image sensor array camera module and said electronic circuits module and said end cap module;
wherein said clamping mechanism module is, comprised of:
a clamping mechanism, for mounting said mobile apparatus to said optical image source, and
a 2nd enclosure, configured for coaxially mounting and housing said clamping mechanism;
wherein said extension module is, comprised of:
a 1st enclosure, configured as a hollow cylinder having pre-determined inside and outside diameters for mounting said mobile apparatus to said optical image sources;
wherein said camera lens mount module, is comprised of:
a camera lens mount, for mounting said mobile apparatus to said optical image source, and
an 11th enclosure, configured for coaxially mounting and housing said camera lens mount;
wherein said 11th enclosure, is configured with:
an 11th front end, for joining said 11th enclosure with the rear end of other said functional modules, and
an 11th rear end, for joining said 11th enclosure with the rear end of other said functional modules;
wherein said front end of said 11th enclosure faces the direction of said optical image source;
wherein said front end of said 11th enclosure, is configured with:
a screw type connector, for joining said 11th enclosure with said optical image source,
a bayonet type connector, for joining said 11th enclosure with said optical image source,
a breech lock type connector, for joining said 11th enclosure with said optical image source,
a double bayonet type connector, for joining said 11th enclosure with said optical image source, or
a tab lock type connector, for joining said 11th enclosure with said optical image source;
wherein said zoom lens module, is comprised of:
a zoom lens, for acquiring said 1st afocal optical imagery, and
a 3rd enclosure, configured for mounting and housing said zoom lens;
wherein said zoom lens, is comprised of:
an entrance pupil, for
a) locating said exit pupil produced by said afocal optical image source, or
b) locating said exit pupil produced by said eyepiece module;
wherein said zoom lens is a commercial off the shelf item;
wherein said zoom lens is chosen by said observer for having said entrance pupil location close at hand optically near to the front optical element of said zoom lens, and for minimizing any said zoom lens structural interferences in the object space before said front optical element for optimizing the freedom to locate said exit pupil coincident with said entrance pupil;
wherein said eyepiece module, is comprised of:
an eyepiece, for acquiring said 1st focal optical imagery, and
a 9th enclosure, configured for mounting and housing said commercial off the shelf eyepiece;
wherein said eyepiece is a commercial off the shelf item, comprised of:
an eye relief, for locating an exit pupil of said focal optical image source at said entrance pupil of said zoom lens;
wherein said eyepiece is a commercial off the shelf item chosen by said observer for having a long predetermined said eye relief for locating said exit pupil at the entrance pupil of said zoom lens module and for controlling the size of said exit pupil;
wherein the eyepiece module is used to make the entrance pupil of the zoom lens module optically accessible to the exit pupil in each of the following configurations of the mobile apparatus: the 6th combination of functional modules, the 7th combination of functional modules, and the 8th combination of functional modules to prevent vignetting;
wherein said field lens module, is comprised of:
a field lens, configured for acquiring said 1st focal optical imagery and
an 8th enclosure, for mounting and housing said field lens;
wherein said field lens is a commercial off the shelf item chosen by said observer for imaging said entrance pupil of said focal optical imaging source for producing an exit pupil of said focal optical imaging source located at said entrance pupil of said macro zoom lens module and for controlling the size of said exit pupil;
wherein the field lens module is used to make the entrance pupil of the macro zoom lens module optically accessible to the exit pupil in each of the following configurations of the mobile apparatus: the 3rd combination of functional modules, the 4th combination of functional modules, and the 5th combination of functional modules to prevent vignetting;
wherein said macro zoom lens module, is comprised of:
a macro zoom lens, for acquiring said 1st focal optical imagery, and
a 10th enclosure, configured for mounting and housing said macro zoom lens;
wherein said macro zoom lens is, comprised of:
a macro zoom lens entrance pupil, for receiving said exit pupil of said 1st focal optical imagery;
wherein said macro zoom lens is a commercial off the shelf item for receiving said exit pupil produced by said field lens module at said entrance pupil of said macro zoom lens module;
wherein said electronic image sensor array camera module, is comprised of:
an electronic image sensor array camera, for capturing said 2nd focal optical imagery, and
a 4th enclosure, for mounting and housing said electronic image sensor array camera;
wherein said electronic image sensor array camera is comprised of:
an electronic image sensor array, for transforming said 2nd focal optical imagery into a 1st electronic imagery signal;
wherein said electronic circuits module is, comprised of:
an electronics circuits, for acquiring said 1st electronic imagery signal from said electronic image sensor array,
a 5th enclosure, configured for mounting and housing said electronic circuits;
wherein said 1st enclosure; said 2nd enclosure; said 3rd enclosure; said 4th enclosure; said 5th enclosure;
said 8th enclosure; said 9th enclosure; said 10th enclosure; are each configured with:
a 1st front end, for joining with the rear end of adjacent said functional module enclosures,
a 1st rear end, for joining with the front end of adjacent said functional module enclosures,
a 2nd front end, for joining with the rear end of adjacent said functional module enclosures,
a 2nd rear end, for joining with the front end of adjacent said functional module enclosures,
a 3rd front end, for joining with the rear end of adjacent said functional module enclosures,
a 3rd rear end, for joining with the front end of adjacent said functional module enclosures,
a 4th front end, for joining with the rear end of adjacent said functional module enclosures,
a 4th rear end, for joining with the front end of adjacent said functional module enclosures,
a 5th front end, for joining with the rear end of adjacent said functional module enclosures,
a 5th rear end, for joining with the front end of adjacent said functional module enclosures,
an 8th front end, for joining with the rear end of adjacent said functional module enclosures,
an 8th rear end, for joining with the front end of adjacent said functional module enclosures,
a 9th front end, for joining with the rear end of adjacent said functional module enclosures,
a 9th rear end, for joining with the front end of adjacent said functional module enclosures,
a 10th front end, for joining with the rear end of adjacent said functional module enclosures, and
a 10th rear end, for joining with the front end of adjacent said functional module enclosures;
wherein said front end of each said enclosure faces said optical image source;
wherein said rear end of said 1st enclosure and said 2nd enclosure; and said front end and said rear end of said 3rd enclosure, and said 4 enclosure, and said 5t enclosure, and said 8t enclosure, and said 9th enclosure, and said 10 enclosure and said 11th enclosure are each configured with:
a 2nd mechanical means, for joining and connecting said functional modules together in a predetermined arrangement;
wherein said 2nd mechanical means is comprised of:
a) a snap-fit snap together connector, for connecting adjacent said functional modules, or
b) a screw thread connector, for connecting adjacent said functional modules;
wherein said 1st enclosure, and said 2nd enclosure, and said 3rd enclosure, and said 4th enclosure, and
said 5th enclosure, and said 8th enclosure, and said 9th enclosure, and said 10th enclosure, and said 11th enclosure are each configured with:
said 2nd mechanical means, for enabling said observer to immediately sequentially join and connect said functional modules of said mobile apparatus together into said combination suitable for universally adapting said mobile apparatus to optically and mechanically interface with any one of a variety of different types of said optical image sources, and providing for modular interchangeability among said functional modules;
wherein said clamping mechanism module, is configured for: attaching, centering, aligning, gripping and locking said mobile apparatus to said optical image source;
wherein said extension module, is configured for: mounting and slip fitting said mobile apparatus on to said optical image source;
wherein said camera lens mount module, is configured with one of: said screw type connector, said bayonet type connector, said breech lock type connector, said double bayonet type connector, or said tab lock type connector for mounting said mobile apparatus to said optical image source;
wherein said zoom lens module, is configured for:
a) receiving said 1st exit pupil from said original equipment eyepiece of said afocal optical image source at said entrance pupil of said zoom lens module, for preventing vignetting,
b) for transforming said 1st afocal optical imagery from said afocal optical image source into an 2nd focal optical imagery,
c) receiving said 2nd afocal optical imagery from said eyepiece module of said mobile apparatus, and for transforming said 2nd afocal optical imagery into a 2nd focal optical imagery,
d) for receiving said 1st exit pupil from said eyepiece module of said mobile apparatus at said entrance pupil of said zoom lens module, for preventing vignetting, and
e) adjusting said 2nd focal optical imagery size on said electronic image sensor array to fill said electronic image sensor array for covering the entire field of view of said optical image source;
wherein said eyepiece module, is configured for:
a) transforming and transferring said 1st focal optical imagery from said focal optical image source to an 2nd afocal optical imagery to said zoom lens module at the said entrance pupil of said zoom lens module, for preventing vignetting,
b) imaging and locating and setting said 2nd entrance pupil of said focal optical image source to said entrance pupil of said zoom lens module, for preventing vignetting,
c) for imaging and setting the size of said 2nd entrance pupil of said focal optical image source to equal the size of the said entrance pupil of said macro zoom lens module, to optimize the brightness of said 2nd focal optical imagery when said observer deems necessary,
d) whereby enabling said observer to use said mobile apparatus on a variety of different types of said afocal optical image sources that have said original equipment eyepieces that can be and are removed from said optical image sources, and
e) whereby enabling said observer to use said mobile apparatus on a variety of different types of said focal optical image sources that have no said original equipment eyepiece at all;
wherein said field lens module, is configured for:
a) transferring said 1st focal optical imagery from the image plane of said focal optical image source to the entrance pupil of said macro zoom lens module,
b) for imaging and locating and setting said 2nd entrance pupil of said focal optical image source to said entrance pupil of said macro zoom lens module, for preventing vignetting, and
c) for imaging and setting the size of said 2nd entrance pupil of said focal optical image source to equal the size of the said entrance pupil of said macro zoom lens module, to optimize the brightness of said 2nd focal optical imagery;
wherein said macro zoom lens module, is configured for:
a) receiving said 1st focal optical imagery from the image plane of said focal optical image source from said field lens module,
b) transforming said 1st focal optical imagery into a 2nd focal optical imagery,
c) receiving the image of said 2nd entrance pupil of said focal optical image source from said field lens module at said entrance pupil of said macro zoom lens module, for preventing vignetting, and
d) adjusting said 2nd focal optical imagery size on said electronic image sensor array to fill said electronic image sensor array for covering the entire field of view of said optical image source;
wherein said electronic image sensor array camera module, is configured for:
a) receiving said 2nd focal optical imagery from said zoom lens module for said afocal optical image sources, and for electronically transforming said 2nd focal optical imagery into a 1s electronic imagery signal,
b) receiving said 2nd focal optical imagery from said zoom lens module for said focal optical image sources, and for electronically transforming said 2nd focal optical imagery into a 1s electronic imagery signal, and
c) receiving said 2nd focal optical imagery from said macro zoom lens module for said focal optical image sources, and for electronically transforming said 2nd focal optical imagery into said 1st electronic imagery signal;
wherein said electronic circuits module, is configured for acquiring said 1st electronic imagery signal from said electronic image sensor array camera module, and for transmitting said 1st electronic imagery signal to said observer and to said observer's audience;
wherein each said macro zoom lens of each said macro zoom lens module, is configured with:
f) a range of magnification adjustability for filling said electronic image sensor array;
wherein each said macro zoom lens module, is interchangeable with each of another said macro zoom lens module having at least:
a) the same said range of magnification adjustability, or
b) a different said range of magnification adjustability;
wherein each said field lens of each said field lens module, is chosen from a selection of commercial off the shelf field lenses having a range of different effective focal lengths, for preventing vignetting;
wherein each said field lens module, is interchangeable with each of another said field lens module, having at least: a) the same said effective focal length, or b) a different said effective focal length;
wherein each said zoom lens of each said zoom lens module, is configured with: a range of magnification adjustability, for filling said optical sensor array with the full field of view of said optical image source;
wherein each said zoom lens module, is interchangeable with each of another said zoom lens module, having at least:
a) the same said range of magnification adjustability, or
b) a different said range of magnification adjustability;
wherein each said eyepiece of each said eyepiece module, is chosen from a selection of eyepieces having a range of different effective focal lengths, for preventing vignetting;
wherein each said eyepiece module, is interchangeable with each other said eyepiece module having at least:
a) the same said effective focal length, or
b) an different said effective focal length; wherein said electronics circuits is, comprised of: a RF antenna, configured for radiating said 1st electronic imagery signal and wirelessly transmitting said 1st electronic imagery signal to said observer and to said observer's audience, or
a WIFI antenna, configured for radiating said 1st electronic imagery signal and wirelessly transmitting said 1st electronic imagery signal to said observer and to said observer's audience;
wherein said electronics circuits of said electronics circuits module is, comprised of:
a 1st microprocessor, configured for running:
a 1st software, for enabling said observer to perform and store a voice recognition data, for each of said 1st audio electronic signal from said observer and said 2nd audio electronic signal from said observer's audience for generating:
a 1st text file archive, for storing audio archival data, and
a 1st firmware, for enabling said observer to perform and store said voice recognition data, for each of said 1st audio electronic signal from said observer and said 2nd audio electronic signal from said observer's audience for generating said 1st text file archive, for storing audio archival data;
wherein said end cap module is, comprised of:
a 6th enclosure, for mounting the physical elements,
an electronic microphone, for producing said 1st audio electronic signal from said observer,
an electronic speaker, for converting said 2nd audio electronic signal from said observer's audience for voice communication with said observer,
a label, for identifying which side of said mobile apparatus is up,
a heat sink, for cooling said electronic circuits module,
a power on/off switch, for controlling the distribution of voltage,
an electrical connector port, for inputting external electrical power to said mobile apparatus for charging said battery,
a 1st hard wire cable port, for enabling bi-directional hard wire coaxial signal cable to be connected to said mobile apparatus,
and a 1st fiber optics cable port, for enabling bi-directional fiber optics signal cable to be connected to said mobile apparatus; wherein said end cap module is joined and connected mechanically and electrically to said electronic circuits module;
wherein said end cap module is configured with:
a wireless bi-directional communication link, for wirelessly communicating content with said observer and said observer's audience;
wherein said 6th enclosure is configured with:
a 6th closed front end surface, for sealing and for protecting said electronics circuits of said electronics circuits module;
wherein said electronic microphone is mounted on said 6th closed front end surface of said 6th enclosure;
wherein said electronic microphone is configured for hearing:
a 1st sound, for communicating background sound from the vicinity of said optical image source during said observer's observing session to said observer and to said observer's audience,
a 1st audio, for communicating voice content from said observer in said vicinity of said optical image source during said observer's observing session to said observer's audience, and for transforming said 1st sound into:
a 1st sound electronic signal, for electronically communicating said 1st sound from the vicinity of said optical image source to said observer and to said observer's audience, and
a 1st audio electronic signal, for electronically communicating said 1st audio from the vicinity of said optical image source to said observer and to said observer's audience;
wherein said electronic speaker is mounted on said 6th closed front end surface of said 6th enclosure for said observer receiving: a 2nd audio, for communicating voice content from said observer's audience;
wherein said label is for a instructions for said observer for identifying to said observer which side is up for aligning said electronic image sensor array camera module to the top side of said 2nd focal optical imagery;
wherein said heat sink is mounted to said 6th enclosure for removing heat from said electronics circuits module;
wherein said power on/off switch is for turning on and off a source of electrical power to said mobile apparatus;
wherein said electrical connector port is for charging said battery from said source of electrical power which is external to said mobile apparatus;
wherein said 1st hard wire cable port is for transmitting said 1st electronic imagery signal to said observer and to said observer's audience via a hard wire cable medium;
wherein said 1st fiber optics cable port is for transmitting said 1st electronic imagery signal to said observer and to said observer's audience via a fiber optics cable medium; wherein said end cap module is interchangeable with each of another said end cap module;
wherein said mobile apparatus is further comprised of:
an audio amplifier, for adjusting and buffering said audio signals of said microphone,
a speaker, for transforming audio electronic signals into sounds,
a servo electronics package, for receiving an electronic control signals from said observer,
a unidirectional signal line, for carrying an analog video and said analog audio signals,
a unidirectional signal line, for carrying said analog video encoded streams of signals and said analog audio encoded streams of signals,
a bidirectional data bus, for delivering said encoded audio content and said encoded video content,
a bidirectional fiber optic port for transmitting content, and for transmitting and receiving administrative data via fiber optic protocol to any external fiber optic network,
a D.C. power bus, supplied by said USB port for supplying electric power to charge said battery,
a mechanical swivel, for pointing said antenna during set-up and initialization time by said observer, for adjusting said antenna's radiation pattern to maximize the signal communicated to and from said antenna to said observer to maximize signal to noise content,
a notch, configured into said mobile apparatus' enclosure out of harms' way to protect said mechanical swivel and said antenna, and reduce the need for said swivel and for said antenna maintenance,
a bidirectional control signal line, for carrying an administrative control commands,
an administrative bi-directional data link, for controlling the power-up cycle, and for reading the state of said battery life remaining, and a time to fully charge said battery, and a cumulative time on said battery, a means configured for multiple mobile apparatuses to be used simultaneously in close proximity to one another with respect to their WiFi coverage, and
a system controller electronics, configured for hard wired, fiber optics and wireless bi-directional communication capability, and for holding an operating radio frequency configuration file;
wherein said applications software and firmware is for:
a) managing the connectivity to said USB, Ethernet and fiber optics ports,
b) enabling each of the multiplicity of said mobile apparatuses to communicate to said observer the best choice of said radio frequencies for said observer to use for each one of said multiplicity of the mobile apparatuses operating in proximity to one another in order to minimize a radio frequency interference created between said multiplicity of the mobile apparatuses operating in proximity to one another,
c) enabling the observer to remotely or locally reset said radio frequencies used by each of said mobile apparatuses to minimize the potential interference, and
d) enabling the observer to re-poll each of said mobile apparatuses over and over again at said observer's command to determine the effectiveness of said observer's new chosen radio frequency settings;
wherein each mobile apparatus is configured with said applications software and firmware for enabling said observer to control said multiple mobile apparatuses simultaneously to transmit and receive signals in the form of digital data packets;
wherein each said mobile apparatus is configured with said system controller electronics for controlling all of said functions of said mobile apparatus;
wherein said microprocessor, is further configured for:
a) managing the wireless transmission of said electronic audio signals to said observer and to said observer's audience,
b) managing the wireless receiving said electronic audio signals from said observer's audience, under the control of said observer,
c) managing the electronic storing of said electronic audio signals from said observer's audience under the control of said observer, and
d) managing the electronic retrieval of said observer's audience said electronic audio signals from said microprocessor memory on demand by said observer's audience, under the control of said observer;
wherein each of said multiplicity of said mobile apparatuses is configured with said applications software enabling each of said multiplicity of said mobile apparatuses to be commanded by said observer to communicate to said observer the best choice of said radio frequencies for said observer to use for each one of the multiplicity of said mobile apparatuses operating in proximity to one another in order to minimize said radio frequency interference effects created between the multiplicity of the other said mobile apparatuses operating in proximity to one another.

US Pat. No. 10,509,208

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR IMPLEMENTING AND/OR USING A CAMERA DEVICE

LIGHT LABS INC., Redwood...

1. A camera device, the camera device comprising:a camera housing including a front surface and a rear surface, said camera housing having a thickness D, where D is a distance between said front surface and said rear surface; and
a first optical chain, in said camera housing, said first optical chain including a first light redirection device, a first lens, and a first sensor, said first optical chain having a first optical axis including a first optical axis portion in front of said light redirection device and a second optical axis portion extending from the light redirection device to the first sensor, said first lens being on said second optical axis portion, said first lens having a length less than or equal to D in a first direction along the direction of the thickness of the camera, light entering said first optical chain through a first aperture in the front surface of the camera housing;
a second optical chain, which does not include a mirror, said second optical chain facing out the front surface of the camera housing and having a second optical axis which extends straight back towards a second sensor; and
a display device positioned in said camera housing behind said first and second optical chains.

US Pat. No. 10,509,204

CAMERA OPTICAL LENS

AAC Technologies Pte. Ltd...

1. A camera optical lens comprising, from an object side to an image side in sequence: a first lens, a second lens, a third lens, a fourth lens, a fifth lens, a sixth lens and a seventh lens; wherein the third lens has a positive refractive power with a convex object side surface and a concave image side surface; wherein the camera optical lens further satisfies the following conditions:1.05?f1/f?1.5, 1.65?n5?2.2, ?2?f3/f4?2;
?10?(R13+R14)/(R13?R14)?10;
0.01?d9/TTL?0.1
10.433?(R3+R4)/(R3?R4)?16.53;
0.71?f3/f?4.24;
?7.28?(R5+R6)/(R5?R6)??1.00;
0.17 mm?d5?0.65 mm;
where
f: the focal length of the camera optical lens;
f1: the focal length of the first lens;
f3: the focal length of the third lens;
f4: the focal length of the fourth lens;
n5: the refractive index of the fifth lens;
d5: the thickness on-axis of the third lens;
d9: the thickness on-axis of the fifth lens;
TTL: the total optical length of the camera optical lens;
R3: the curvature radius of the object side surface of the second lens;
R4: the curvature radius of the image side surface of the second lens;
R5: the curvature radius of the object side surface of the third lens;
R6: the curvature radius of the image side surface of the third lens;
R13: the curvature radius of object side surface of the seventh lens;
R14: the curvature radius of image side surface of the seventh lens.

US Pat. No. 10,509,203

IMAGE PICKUP LENS

HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTR...

1. An image pickup lens comprising:a first lens having a negative refractive power;
a second lens having a positive refractive power;
a third lens having a negative refractive power;
a fourth lens having a positive refractive power;
a fifth lens having a negative refractive power; and
an imaging plane;
wherein the first lens, the second lens, the third lens, the fourth lens, the fifth lens, and the imaging plane are arranged in that sequence from an object side to an image side of the image pickup lens, the first lens, the second lens, the third lens, the fourth lens, and the fifth lens have a same optical axis;
wherein, the first lens comprises a first surface facing the object side, and a second surface facing the image side, a portion of the first surface close to where the optical axis passes through is a convex surface, a portion of the second surface close to where the optical axis passes through is a concave surface;
wherein, the fourth lens comprises a seventh surface facing the object side, and an eighth surface facing the image side, a portion of the seventh surface close to where the optical axis passes through is a convex surface, a portion of the eighth surface close to where the optical axis passes through is a convex surface;
wherein, the fifth lens comprises a ninth surface facing the object side, and a tenth surface facing the image side, at least one of the ninth surface and the tenth surface is an aspherical surface;
wherein the image pickup lens satisfies the following formula:
1.6 where f2 denotes a focal distance of the second lens, and f4 denotes a focal distance of the fourth lens.

US Pat. No. 10,509,201

NEAR-INFRARED LENS FOR CAMERAS IN MOBILE DEVICES

Genius Electronic Optical...

1. An optical imaging lens system comprising, in a given order from an object side to an image side, a first lens element, a second lens element, a third lens element, and a fourth lens element arranged along an optical axis, each of the first, second, third, and fourth lens elements having an object-side surface facing toward the object side and an image-side surface facing toward the image side,the first lens element being arranged to be a lens element having positive refractive power in a first order from the object side to the image side;
the second lens element being arranged to be a lens element having refractive power in a second order from the object side to the image side, the object-side surface of the second lens element comprising a convex portion in a vicinity of the optical axis, and the image-side surface of the second lens element comprising a concave portion in a vicinity of an outer circumference of the second lens element, the object-side surface and the image-side surface of the second lens element each being an aspheric surface;
the third lens element being arranged to be a lens element having refractive power in a third order from the object side to the image side, the object-side surface and the image-side surface of the third lens element each being an aspheric surface;
the fourth lens element being arranged to be a lens element having refractive power in a fourth order from the object side to the image side, the image-side surface of the fourth lens element comprising a convex portion in a vicinity of the optical axis, the object-side surface and the image-side surface of the fourth lens element each being an aspheric surface, wherein:
a half field of view of the optical imaging lens system is defined as HFOV, an F number of the optical imaging lens system is defined as Fno, an air gap between the second and third lens elements along the optical axis is defined as G23, a thickness of the first lens element along the optical axis is defined as T1, and HFOV, Fno, G23 and T1 satisfy the relations:
2.13°?HFOV/Fno?8.75°;
0.56?G23/T1?1.54.

US Pat. No. 10,509,195

CAMERA MODULE INCLUDING APERTURE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A camera module comprising:a lens barrel including at least one lens and a lens hole; and
a variable aperture including an aperture hole area which is arranged on the lens hole formed in the lens barrel,
wherein a size of the aperture hole area is adjustable,
wherein an outer surface of an outermost lens of the lens barrel protrudes further to the outer side nearer the central portion than a periphery of the aperture hole area of the variable aperture,
wherein the variable aperture includes at least two wing parts,
wherein the at least two wing parts are configured to move while partially overlapping each other, and
wherein the at least two wing parts include:
a wing; and
a wing hole disposed in the wing and forming the aperture hole area while the size of an overlapping area is changed as the at least two wing parts are moved.

US Pat. No. 10,509,194

DUAL CAMERA MODULE AND OPTICAL DEVICE COMPRISING A MAGNET DISPOSED BETWEEN TWO COILS

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A dual camera module, comprising:a substrate;
a first image sensor disposed on the substrate;
a second image sensor disposed on the substrate and spaced apart from the first image sensor,
a housing disposed above the substrate;
a first bobbin disposed above the first image sensor in the housing;
a second bobbin disposed above the second image sensor in the housing;
a first coil disposed on the first bobbin;
a second coil disposed on the second bobbin;
a first magnet disposed between the first coil and the second coil and facing the first coil and the second coil;
a first elastic member coupled to the first bobbin and the housing; and
a second elastic member coupled to the second bobbin and the housing,
wherein the first elastic member comprises two first elastic units spaced apart from each other and being electrically connected to the first coil, and
wherein the second elastic member comprises two second elastic units spaced apart from each other and being electrically connected to the second coil.

US Pat. No. 10,509,193

DRIVING MECHANISM

TDK TAIWAN CORP., Yangme...

1. A driving mechanism, comprising:a frame;
a carrying base disposed on the frame, comprising:
a carrying body configured to carry an optical element;
a first stop portion disposed on the carrying body, and configured to limit a range of motion of the carrying body in a first direction; and
a second stop portion disposed on the carrying body, and configured to limit the range of motion of the carrying body in the first direction; and
a drive module disposed in the frame, and configured to drive the carrying base to move relative to the frame,
wherein the first direction is parallel to an optical axis that passes through the optical element, and the first stop portion is closer to a top portion of the frame than the second stop portion.

US Pat. No. 10,509,185

OPTICAL CONNECTOR WITH PHOTODETECTOR, ADAPTOR FOR OPTICAL CONNECTOR, AND SYSTEM

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. An optical connector comprising:a first end comprising an external interface, the external interface comprising a light-carrying port, mechanical connection elements and an electrical interface, the external interface being configured to be detachably received by an adapter;
a second end integrated with an optical fiber cable;
a main optical conduit comprising a first length of optical fiber and a second length of optical fiber aligned and joined together at a splice point to form a continuous length of optical fiber for propagating light between the light-carrying port and the optical fiber cable; and
a photodetector, connected to the optical fiber between the light-carrying port and the splice point, for detecting light travelling through the optical connector and providing a signal indicative of the detected light via the electrical interface.

US Pat. No. 10,509,184

WELDING ASSEMBLY FOR COUPLING A TRANSMITTER OPTICAL SUBASSEMBLY (TOSA) MODULE TO AN OPTICAL TRANSMITTER OR TRANSCEIVER

Applied Optoelectronics, ...

1. A system for coupling a transceiver optical subassembly (TOSA) module to an associated subassembly housing:a first clamp portion having a plurality of walls that define a first tapered region and a mating surface, the mating surface extending along a longitudinal axis of the first clamp portion from a first end to a second end of the first clamp portion and being configured to couple to a second clamp portion;
a second clamp portion having a plurality of walls that define a second tapered region and a mating surface configured to couple to the mating surface of the first clamp portion;
wherein the first and second tapered regions of the first and second clamp portions, respectively, collectively form at least a portion of a TOSA module receptacle when the first and second clamp portions are coupled to each other, the TOSA module receptacle configured to securely hold the TOSA module at a fixed position; and
wherein the first clamp portion includes a plurality of passageways extending there through to receive temporary electrical connection members, the plurality of passageways extending substantially transverse relative to the longitudinal axis of the first clamp portion.

US Pat. No. 10,509,182

OPTICAL COUPLING SYSTEMS FOR OPTICALLY COUPLING LASER DIODES TO OPTICAL FIBERS

CORNING INCORPORATED, Co...

1. An optical coupling system comprising:a first optical fiber end having a first core;
a second optical fiber end having a second core; and
a laser diode optically coupled to the first core of the first optical fiber end and the second core of the second optical fiber end at an optical coupling location, wherein:
the laser diode emits a light beam having an asymmetrical cross-sectional light beam profile comprising a fast axis diameter and a slow axis diameter;
the fast axis diameter is longer than the slow axis diameter; and
the first optical fiber end and the second optical fiber end are adjacently positioned along the fast axis diameter of the asymmetrical cross-sectional light beam profile of the laser diode at the optical coupling location such that the first core and the second core are within the asymmetrical cross-sectional light beam profile at the optical coupling location.

US Pat. No. 10,509,181

LOCKING IN-PLACE SMALL FORM FACTOR PLUGGABLE TRANSCEIVER MODULE

Siemens Canada Limited, ...

1. A small form factor pluggable (SFP) optical transceiver module comprising:an optical fiber connector;
a shell assembly that encloses the optical fiber connector configured to connect to a SFP optical transceiver, the SFP optical transceiver is configured to interface a network device motherboard to a fiber optic at a given port of a network device and is a hot-pluggable transceiver being used for at least one of telecommunication and data communications; and
a retaining mount that is configured to be attached to a body portion of a device housing of the network device,
wherein the shell assembly is configured to removably latch onto the retaining mount,
wherein the shell assembly includes a base and a body coupled to each other, and
wherein the body having a latch to securely attach the optical fiber connector and the SFP optical transceiver to the retaining mount while allowing the SFP optical transceiver to be swapped as needed to reconfigure the given port of the network device, wherein the latch of the shell assembly is a spring tab that is integrated into the shell assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,509,178

FIBER OPTIC ADAPTER ASSEMBLIES INCLUDING A SELECTIVELY LOCKABLE ADAPTER MEMBER

1. An optical adapter assembly comprising:a mounting member comprising a mounting housing extending in a longitudinal direction and defining a fiber insertion path that extends in the longitudinal direction; and
an adapter member selectively coupled to the mounting member, the adapter member comprising:
an adapter housing extending in the longitudinal direction;
a jacket engagement member that is selectively repositionable within the fiber insertion path and that is structurally configured to engage an outer jacket of a fiber optic cable positioned within the fiber insertion path;
a sleeve positioned at least partially within the adapter housing and extending around the fiber insertion path; and
a mounting member engagement portion that is engaged with the mounting member and that restricts movement of the adapter member with respect to the mounting member in the longitudinal direction.