US Pat. No. 10,458,798

METHOD FOR SENSING INTERIOR SPACES TO AUTO-GENERATE A NAVIGATIONAL MAP

Innerspace Technology Inc...

1. In a spatial environment, a method for determining a relative position of at least one transponder, the method comprising the steps of:positioning a first transponder in a first location within said spatial environment;positioning a second transponder in a second location within said spatial environment;positioning a third transponder in a third location within said spatial environment, wherein each of said transponders comprises at least one sensor;causing each of said first transponder, said second transponder, and said third transponder to scan said spatial environment with said at least one sensor and to measure distances within said spatial environment relative to each of said locations and determine orientation of said transponder within said spatial environment; and each of said first transponder, said second transponder, and said third transponder composing a corresponding first local map model, second local map model and a third local map model of said spatial environment;
each of said first transponder, said second transponder, and said third transponder transmitting said first local map model, second local map model and a third local map model of said spatial environment to a first computing device;
at said first computing device, overlaying and aligning said first local map model, second local map model and a third local map model of said spatial environment to form a composite map model of said spatial environment; and
calculating said relative position of each of said first transponder, said second transponder, and said third transponder based on distance measurements from each of said transponders.

US Pat. No. 10,458,797

SPRAY DRIFT SYSTEMS AND METHODS INCLUDING AN INPUT DEVICE

Dow AgroSciences LLC, In...

1. An apparatus to identify sensitive areas adjacent an area to be sprayed, the apparatus comprising:a spraying system configured to selectively spray a substance;
a weather receiver configured to output a weather signal indicative of at least one weather condition in the vicinity of the spraying system;
a location identifier configured to output a location signal indicative of the current location of the spraying system; and
a controller programmed with an identity of the substance and a geographic location of a sensitive area having a sensitivity to the substance, the controller further programmed to determine a proximity of the spraying system to the sensitive area based on the location signal, and adjust an output of the spraying system based on the proximity and the weather signal.

US Pat. No. 10,458,796

NAVIGATION SYSTEM AND METHOD THEREOF

HARMAN INTERNATIONAL INDU...

1. A navigation system, comprising:an image capturing device, configured to capture an image of an object fed by a user;
a positioning device, configured to obtain positioning information of the navigation system; and
a processing device, configured to calculate a feature code based on features of a logo in the captured image; retrieve a piece of address information of a target location corresponding to the feature code from a database; and calculate a route from a current location to the target location using the positioning information and the piece of address information, wherein the processing device is further configured to:
determine whether a barcode is contained in the image;
retrieve the piece of address information of the target location corresponding to the barcode from the database in response to determining that the barcode is contained in the image; and
calculate the feature code based on the features of the logo in response to determining that the barcode is not contained in the image.

US Pat. No. 10,458,795

OPTOMECHANICAL GYROSCOPE UTILIZING THE SAGNAC EFFECT

1. An apparatus for detecting rotation, comprising:a light source adapted to generate an input light;
a suspended circulating optical resonator;
a waveguide adapted to receive the input light, the waveguide evanescently coupled to the suspended circulating optical resonator and adapted to provide an input path for a first portion of the input light to the suspended circulating optical resonator and an output path for output light from the suspended circulating optical resonator, the first portion of the input light having a power level greater than a threshold for exciting optomechanical oscillation of the suspended circulating optical resonator at an instantaneous mechanical angular frequency;
a first photodetector optically coupled to the waveguide, the photodetector adapted to receive at least a portion of the output light, the first photodetector adapted to generate a first output detector signal in response to the thus received portion of the output light, the first output detector signal comprising the instantaneous mechanical angular frequency due to optomechanical oscillation of the suspended circulating optical resonator;
a second photodetector optically coupled to the light source, the second photodetector adapted to receive at least a second portion of the input light that is unaffected by rotation of the apparatus, the second photodetector adapted to generate a second output detector signal in response to the thus received second portion of the input light, the second output detector signal comprising the irrotational mechanical angular frequency; and
a signal-processing circuit electrically coupled to the first photodetector and the second photodetector, the signal-processing circuit adapted to mix the first output detector signal with the second output detector signal so as to generate a signal indicative of a difference in frequency between the instantaneous mechanical angular frequency and an irrotational mechanical angular frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,458,794

MICROMECHANICAL DETECTION STRUCTURE FOR A MEMS SENSOR DEVICE, IN PARTICULAR A MEMS GYROSCOPE, WITH IMPROVED DRIVING FEATURES

STMicroelectronics S.r.l....

1. A micromechanical detection structure, comprising:a substrate including semiconductor material;
a driving-mass arrangement configured to be driven in a driving movement;
a first anchorage unit coupled to said driving-mass arrangement and configured to elastically couple said driving-mass arrangement to said substrate at first anchorages;
a driven-mass arrangement;
a second anchorage unit coupled to said driven-mass arrangement and configured to elastically couple said driven-mass arrangement to said substrate at second anchorages;
a coupling unit configured to elastically couple said driving-mass arrangement to said driven-mass arrangement and to drive the driven-mass arrangement in a driven movement responsive to the driving movement of the driving-mass arrangement, the coupling unit further configured, in response to the driving movement of the driving-mass arrangement and the driven movement of the driven-mass arrangement, to provide forces and torques at the first and second anchorages that result in zero forces and torques acting on said substrate due to the provided forces and torques;
a planar element in a horizontal plane defined by a first horizontal axis and by a second horizontal axis;
wherein said driving-mass arrangement includes a first driving mass and a second driving mass configured to be driven in opposite directions along said second horizontal axis;
wherein said driven-mass arrangement includes a first driven mass arranged between said first driving mass and said second driving mass along said first horizontal axis, and wherein said first driven mass is configured to be driven in a movement of rotation in said horizontal plane in response to said first and second driving masses being driven in opposite directions along said second horizontal axis; and
wherein said coupling unit includes a first coupling element which elastically couples said first driven mass to the first driving mass and a second coupling element which elastically couples said first driven mass to the second driving mass, said first coupling element and said second coupling element being constrained to said substrate and being configured to exert on said substrate a torque equal and opposite to a torque exerted on said substrate by said second anchorage unit in response to rotation of said driven mass.

US Pat. No. 10,458,793

MEASURING CAMERA TO BODY ALIGNMENT FOR AN IMAGER MOUNTED WITHIN A STRUCTURAL BODY

America as represented by...

1. A method for measuring an alignment of an imaging device, the method comprising:producing a pure rolling motion of a body;
capturing a series of images of an imaging device calibration target over a range of body roll angles of the rolling body;
measuring the roll angles of the rolling body with respect to a world coordinate frame as defined by the imaging device calibration target;
simultaneously estimating alignment angles of the imaging device and misalignment angles associated with an orientation of the body; and
estimating a rotational transform between an imaging device coordinate frame and a body coordinate frame based on the estimated alignment angles and misalignment angles
wherein the producing of the pure rolling motion of the body occurs by a pair of support mechanisms that mechanically constrain the body to produce the pure rolling motion
wherein the support mechanisms comprise v-block mechanisms.

US Pat. No. 10,458,792

REMOTE SURVEY SYSTEM

NovAtel Inc., Calgary, A...

1. A method of operating a remote survey system includingdetermining a route to conduct a survey over a plurality of survey points for a remote survey system with a GNSS receiver, an on-board camera with known characteristics and a vision subsystem;
for a given survey point location on the route determining if the GNSS receiver will have sufficient access to GNSS satellite signals at the location to calculate a global position of the survey point within system accuracy requirements;
if the access to the GNSS signals will be sufficient at the given survey point location directing the remote survey system to travel to the given survey point location and determine the global position of the survey point based on received GNSS satellite signals;
if the access to the GNSS signals will not be sufficient at the given survey point location,
bypassing the given survey point location and directing the remote survey system along the route toward other survey point locations and while traveling directing the camera to take images of the given survey point location from at least three spatially diverse locations that have sufficient access to GNSS satellite signals and from which the camera has the given survey point location in a field of view,
calculating the global position of the camera and time tagging the position,
identifying the given survey point location as an object of interest in at least one of the images and tracking the object of interest and at least three identifiable secondary objects in a plurality of the images taken from the at least three different locations,
calculating the position of the object of interest and the secondary objects relative to the camera in the selected plurality of images,
calculating the orientations of the camera for the respective selected plurality of images, and
calculating a global position of the survey point location based on the relative positions, the calculated orientations of the camera and the global positions of the camera when the respective selected images were taken.

US Pat. No. 10,458,791

LEVEL WITH QUICK-DISCONNECT END CAP

1. A level, comprising:a level body supporting a level vial; and
an end cap releasably connected to the level body;
wherein the end cap includes an actuator and a detent;
the detent is operatively associated with the level body to releasably retain the end cap on the level body;
the level body defines a level volume; and
wherein the actuator is disposed outside the level volume.

US Pat. No. 10,458,790

SPACE DETERMINING DEVICE AND SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CAPTURING DIMENSIONS AND MOUNTING OBJECTS

1. A device for use in determination of spacing, the device comprising:a housing;
a pair of opposing arms positioned within an interior of the housing, the arms adapted for extending from the interior of the housing and retracting fully into the interior of the housing;
a circular alignment gear disposed within the housing between the arms, wherein the circular gear engages each of the opposing arms; and,
a locking mechanism for locking and unlocking the arms between an extended position and a retracted position, wherein the device further includes a rotatable knob positioned on an outer surface of the housing and connected to the alignment gear.

US Pat. No. 10,458,789

SIGNAL PROCESSING DEVICE, SENSOR DEVICE, AND SIGNAL PROCESSING METHOD

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. A signal processing device to perform processing for reducing noise in a displacement amount measured on a basis of light reflected from a detection object, the device comprising:moving-average calculating circuitry to perform moving average calculation for an input signal to reduce a noise component contained in the input signal; and
infinite impulse response filter circuitry to reduce a noise component contained in an input signal by digital signal processing,
wherein a filter coefficient of the infinite impulse response filter circuitry is determined on a basis of a difference between a first calculation result output by the moving-average calculating circuitry and a second calculation result output by the infinite impulse response filter circuitry, when a same signal is input to the moving-average calculating circuitry and the infinite impulse response filter circuitry.

US Pat. No. 10,458,788

ADHESIVELY COUPLED POWER-METER FOR MEASUREMENT OF FORCE, TORQUE, AND POWER AND ASSOCIATED METHODS

4iiii Innovations Inc., ...

1. A power-meter for measurement of one or more of force, torque, and power of a mechanical arm, comprising:a plate having a first surface prepared for adhesively coupling with the mechanical arm;
at least one strain gauge physically coupled with a second surface of the plate, opposite the first surface, and with an orientation wherein (a) mechanical forces transfer from the mechanical arm to the at least one strain gauge when the plate is adhesively coupled to the mechanical arm and (b) the at least one strain gauge has reduced sensitivity to forces that do not contribute to bending of the mechanical arm;
electronics for determining one or more of force, torque, and power from signals of the at least one strain gauge; and
a wireless transmitter for transmitting, to a receiving device, one or more of force, torque, and power.

US Pat. No. 10,458,787

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MEASURING DIRECTION OF FACE OF DRIVER IN VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A system for measuring a direction of a face of a driver in a vehicle, the system comprising:a sensor system for measuring a distance between a headrest in the vehicle and the face of the driver; and
a controller communicatively connected to the sensor system the controller configured to:
collect the measured distance for a predetermined period of time,
calculate an average distance between the headrest and the face of the driver by using the collected distance, and
compare the calculated average distance and a current distance between the headrest and the face of the driver to determine the direction of the face of the driver in the vehicle,
wherein the sensor system includes:
a first sensor disposed at a left upper end of the headrest;
a second sensor disposed at a right upper end of the headrest;
a third sensor disposed at a left lower end of the headrest; and
a fourth sensor disposed at a right lower end of the headrest.

US Pat. No. 10,458,786

METHOD FOR COUNTING CORDS IN RUBBER SHEET

SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIE...

1. A cord counting method for counting a number of cords from one end in a widthwise direction of a rubber sheet, in which a number (n) of the cords are embedded at intervals, and in an outer surface of the rubber sheet, convex portions at which the cords are located and concave portions positioned between the cords are alternately repeated,said cord counting method comprising:
1) a step (S1) in which, by use of a displacement sensor, the outer surface of the rubber sheet is scanned in the widthwise direction, and raw waveform data on convexoconcave of the outer surface is acquired,
2) a step (S2) in which a moving average processing is carried out on the raw waveform data so as to reduce noise, whereby first corrected data of a smoothed waveform is obtained from the raw waveform data,
3) a step (S3) in which second corrected data is obtained from the first corrected data by converting an amplitude center (j) of the waveform of the first corrected data into a straight line,
4) a step (S4) in which widthwise-direction concave-center-position data is obtained wherein concave-center-positions in the widthwise direction between the cords are defined by positions of lowest points of valleys of the waveform of the second corrected data,
5) a step (S5) in which, with respect to said concave-center-position data, intervals K between the concave-center-positions adjacent in the widthwise direction are sequentially compared with a predetermined upper interval threshold K max, and
if K>K max, then a concave-center-position for correction is added at a midpoint of an interval K, and
said intervals K are sequentially compared with a predetermined lower interval threshold K min, and if K whereby first corrected concave-center-position data is obtained,
6) a step (S6) in which, with respect to the first corrected concave-center-position data, a total number (m) of the concave-center-positions is compared with said number (n), and when m<(n?1), in order from a largest interval K, a concave-center-position for correction is added at the midpoint of the interval K, until becoming m=(n?1),
when m>(n?1), from the concave-center-positions on both sides of the interval K, the concave-center-position on the front side in the scanning direction is deleted in order from a smallest interval K, until becoming m=(n?1),
whereby second corrected concave-center-position data is obtained, and
7) count from one end in the widthwise direction, of the concave-center-positions in said second corrected concave-center-position data is considered as the number of the cords from said one end in the widthwise direction.

US Pat. No. 10,458,785

SAMPLE SHAPE MEASURING METHOD AND SAMPLE SHAPE MEASURING APPARATUS

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A sample shape measuring method comprising:a step of preparing illumination light passing through a predetermined illumination region;
a step of applying the illumination light to a sample; and
a predetermined processing step, wherein
the predetermined illumination region is set so as not to include an optical axis at a pupil position of an illumination optical system and is set such that the illumination light is applied to part of inside of a pupil and outside of the pupil at a pupil position of an observation optical system,
the illumination light is transmitted through the sample,
light emitted from the sample is incident on the observation optical system, and
the predetermined processing step includes:
a step of receiving light emitted from the observation optical system;
a step of obtaining a quantity of light of the received light;
a step of calculating a difference or a ratio between the quantity of light and a reference quantity of light; and
a step of calculating an amount of tilt in a surface of the sample from the difference or the ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,458,784

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING AT LEAST ONE OF DIMENSIONAL OR GEOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF A MEASUREMENT OBJECT

CARL ZEISS INDUSTRIELLE M...

16. A measuring apparatus for determining at least one of dimensional or geometric characteristics of a measurement object, comprising:a first measurement arrangement for determining 3D coordinates at first selected measurement points of the measurement object,
a second measurement arrangement for determining surface normals at second selected measurement points of the measurement object, wherein the second measurement arrangement includes a number of light sources and a first camera which is directed to the measurement object, and
an evaluation and control unit comprising a calibration data set that represents individual direction dependent radiation patterns of the light sources and a computer processor configured for—
determining the 3D coordinates at the first selected measurement points using the first measurement arrangement, the 3D coordinates defining first measurement results,
determining the surface normals at the second selected measurement points using the second measurement arrangement and using the calibration data set and the first measurement results, the surface normals thus determined defining second measurement results,
determining the at least one of dimensional or geometric characteristics of the measurement object using the first and second measurement results.

US Pat. No. 10,458,783

THREE-DIMENSIONAL SCANNER HAVING PIXEL MEMORY

FARO TECHNOLOGIES, INC., ...

1. A triangulation scanner system comprising:a projector operable to project onto an object a first pattern of light at a first light level during first time intervals and to project onto the object the first pattern of light at a second light level during second time intervals, the second light level being different than the first light level;
a first camera including a first lens and a first integrated circuit having a first photosensitive array, the first photosensitive array having a plurality of pixels including a first pixel, the first pixel including an optical detector, a first memory, and a second memory, the optical detector operable to produce signals in response to light levels reflected from a first point on the object, the first memory operable to store signals received from the optical detector during the first time intervals to obtain a first stored signal, the second memory operable to store signals received from the optical detector during the second time intervals to obtain a second stored signal; and
a processor operable to execute computer instructions that, when executed on the processor, determine three-dimensional (3D) coordinates of the first point based at least in part on the projected first pattern of light, the first stored signal, and the second stored signal.

US Pat. No. 10,458,782

FLEXIBLE APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING OPERATION THEREOF

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A flexible apparatus comprising:a memory;
a touch sensor;
a plurality of motion sensors disposed in a plurality of locations of the flexible apparatus, respectively; and
a processor configured to:
activate at least one of the plurality of motion sensors based on a touch input being sensed by the touch sensor,
identify a bending shape of the flexible apparatus among a predetermined plurality of bending shapes based on a change in motion sensed by the at least one of the activated plurality of motion sensors, and
perform an operation corresponding to the identified bending shape based on operation information corresponding to the identified bending shape of the flexible apparatus stored in the memory.

US Pat. No. 10,458,781

SAMPLE SHAPE MEASURING METHOD AND SAMPLE SHAPE MEASURING APPARATUS

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A sample shape measuring method comprising:a step of preparing illumination light passing through a predetermined illumination region;
a step of applying the illumination light to a sample; and
a predetermined processing step, wherein
the predetermined illumination region is set so as not to include an optical axis at a pupil position of an illumination optical system and is set such that the illumination light is applied to part of inside of a pupil and outside of the pupil at a pupil position of an observation optical system,
a light intensity of the illumination light incident on the predetermined illumination region differs between a center and a periphery,
the illumination light is transmitted through the sample,
light transmitted through the sample is incident on the observation optical system, and
the predetermined processing step includes:
a step of receiving light transmitted through the observation optical system;
a step of obtaining a quantity of light of the received light;
a step of calculating a difference or a ratio between the quantity of light and a reference quantity of light; and
a step of calculating an amount of tilt in a surface of the sample from the difference or the ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,458,780

MEASURING EQUIPMENT AND MEASURING METHOD

Industrial Technology Res...

1. A measuring equipment, comprising:a multi-axial actuated device;
at least one sensor disposed on the multi-axial actuated device and configured to scan an object to be tested, wherein scanning constraints of the sensor include a movable range of the at least one sensor, a scanning range of the at least one sensor, and a scanning dead space of the at least one sensor for a contour of the object;
a rotating device configured to rotate the object and free from being fixed to the multi-axial actuated device; and
a processing device configured to obtain information relating to an optimal scanning orientation of the at least one sensor based on the scanning constraints, and configured to control the multi-axial actuated device to adjust the at least one sensor, wherein obtaining the information relating to the optimal scanning orientation of the at least one sensor includes:
associating the object coordinate system of the object to a base coordinate system, wherein the base coordinate system is determined according to a configuration of the measuring equipment;
aligning the object coordinate system with a Computer-aided design (CAD) model coordinate system of the object, wherein the CAD model coordinate system is constructed in the processing device; and
calculating a scanning position and a scanning angle of the at least one sensor in the CAD model coordinate system for adjusting a scanning position and a scanning angle of the at least one sensor in the base coordinate system.

US Pat. No. 10,458,779

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR INNER DIAMETER MEASUREMENT OF TRANSPARENT TUBE

MITUTOYO CORPORATION, Ka...

1. An apparatus for measuring a property of a transparent tubular object having a refractive index, n, and a longitudinal axis, the apparatus comprising:a laser beam scanner that scans a laser beam in a scanning direction with a constant scanning speed, vs, along a scanning path at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the object, wherein the scanning laser beam is directed in a first laser beam direction to the object at right angles to the scanning direction and at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the object;
a detector assembly that detects an intensity of laser light originating from the object in a first detection direction parallel to the first laser beam direction, and that detects an intensity of laser light originating from the object in a second detection direction at a detection angle, a, greater than zero to the first detection direction;
a processor; and
one or more memories which store an executable set of instructions, which when executed by the processor, cause the processor to execute operations including:
determining a first time, ?(0), and a second time, ?(2RD), from the intensity of the laser light detected in the first detection direction by the detector assembly, ?(0) being representative of the laser beam being tangential to the outer surface of the object at a first point of the object, and ?(2RD) being representative of the laser beam being tangential to the outer surface of the object at a second point of the object diametrically opposite the first point;
determining a third time, ?(xD2), and a fourth time, ?(xd2), from the intensity of the laser light detected in the second detection direction by the detector assembly, ?(xD2) being representative of the laser beam being reflected at the outer surface of the object at a third point of the object, and ?(xd2) being representative of the laser beam being refracted at the outer surface of the object and reflected at the inner surface of the object at a fourth point of the object; and
calculating an inner radius, Rd, of the object based on n, vs, a, ?(0), ?(2RD), ?(xD2), and ?(xd2), wherein calculating Rd comprises calculating a difference between ?(2RD) and ?(0), and a difference between ?(xd2) and ?(xD2).

US Pat. No. 10,458,778

INLINE METROLOGY ON AIR FLOTATION FOR PCB APPLICATIONS

Multek Technologies Limit...

1. A measurement system comprising:a. a printed circuit board panel comprising a substrate having a first side and a second side opposing the first side, wherein the first side comprises an insulating layer with a surface feature positioned on the insulating layer, wherein the surface feature is a conductive patterned interconnect;
b. a light emitter and detector device comprising a light source and a sensor, wherein the light emitter and detector device is positioned relative to the printed circuit board panel such that a light beam output from the light source impinges one or more sample points on the first side of the substrate, further wherein the sensor is configured to receive a reflected light corresponding to the light beam;
c. a movement and alignment apparatus coupled to the printed circuit board panel and the light emitter and detector device, wherein the movement and alignment apparatus is configured to provide relative movement between the light emitter and detector device and the printed circuit board panel and to scan the light beam over at least a portion of the first side of the printed circuit board panel; and
d. a controller configured to receive data from the sensor corresponding to the received reflected light and to determine a distance measurement corresponding to each sample point, and to determine a relative thickness of the printed circuit board panel and a height of the surface feature.

US Pat. No. 10,458,777

POLARIZATION MEASUREMENTS OF METROLOGY TARGETS AND CORRESPONDING TARGET DESIGNS

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A method of measuring a metrology target element comprising:illuminating, with illumination of a selected polarization, the metrology target element including a segmented target structure having a first segmentation direction, a segmented background region having a second segmentation direction perpendicular to the first segmentation direction, wherein the segmented target structure and the segmented background region are formed in a single layer, wherein an area of the segmented target structure and an area of the segmented background region combine to substantially fill an area of the metrology target element, wherein at least one of a segmentation pitch of the segmented background region or a segmentation pitch of the segmented target structure provide a first contrast above a specified contrast threshold under polarized light and a second contrast below the specific contrast threshold to the segmented background region in non-polarized light,
measuring illumination reflected from the metrology target element, wherein the illumination measured is at least one of polarized light above the specific contrast threshold to the segmented background region or non-polarized light below the specific contrast threshold to the segmented background region;
measuring one or more side wall angles of the segmented target structure; and
determining one or more distances between the segmented target structure and the segmented background region along a boundary between the segmented target structure and the segmented background region based on the measured one or more side wall angles of the segmented target structure.

US Pat. No. 10,458,776

ABRASION INSPECTION APPARATUS, ABRASION INSPECTION METHOD, AND PROGRAM

MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRI...

1. An abrasion inspection apparatus comprising:a first imaging unit that is installed on a side of a track, a vehicle traveling along the track, a guide wheel being installed on a side of the vehicle, the first imaging unit imaging an inside of the track via a telecentric lens;
a second imaging unit that is installed in a vehicle traveling direction with respect to the first imaging unit on the side of the track and images the inside of the track via a telecentric lens;
an image acquisition unit that acquires an image which is an image of a boundary of the guide wheel captured by the first imaging unit and is an image of a boundary on a first direction side in the vehicle traveling direction and an image which is an image of the boundary of the guide wheel captured by the second imaging unit at the same time as the capturing of the image by the first imaging unit and is an image of a boundary on an opposite side to the first direction side; and
a guide wheel detection unit that detects an abrasion situation of the guide wheel according to a position of a boundary indicated in the images acquired by the image acquisition unit, wherein
a rotation mechanism is in contact with the guide wheel and rotates the guide wheel.

US Pat. No. 10,458,775

HARDENED LAYER DEPTH MEASURING APPARATUS

NETUREN CO., LTD., Tokyo...

1. A hardened layer depth measuring apparatus configured to measure a depth of a hardened layer formed at a surface layer of a quenched workpiece, the hardened layer depth measuring apparatus comprising:an exciting coil configured to generate a magnetic flux to magnetize the workpiece responsive to an alternating excitation current output by a power supply;
a detecting coil configured to detect the magnetic flux generated by the exciting coil; and
a processor,
wherein the exciting coil comprises a U-shaped excitation core portion and an excitation coil portion wound on the excitation core portion, the excitation core portion being arranged such that distal ends of magnetic poles of the excitation core portion face the workpiece, and
wherein the detecting coil comprises a detection core portion having layers of magnetic sheets and a detection coil wound on the detection core portion, the detection core portion being arranged between the magnetic poles of the excitation core portion and along a surface of the workpiece,
wherein the detection core portion is connected to the processor, the processor being configured to calculate the depth of the hardened layer based on a detection voltage output from the detection core portion and a predetermined correlation between hardened layer depth values and detection voltage values, and
wherein a current value and a frequency value of the excitation current are selected such that the detection voltage is approximately proportional to the depth of the hardened layer.

US Pat. No. 10,458,774

MULTI-FUNCTION MEASURING GAUGE

1. A multi-function gauge comprising:a U-shaped body including first and second arms connected by an intermediate portion;
a fixed measurement probe connected to one of the arms;
a slide disposed between the two arms, the slide being supported on a guide rail for movement between the two arms;
a movable measurement probe connected to the slide;
a spring operatively engaging the slide to bias the slide in one direction relative to the fixed measurement probe; and
a linear displacement gauge mechanically connected to the movable measurement probe to measure the distance between the fixed and movable measurement probes, wherein the linear displacement gauge is attached to the intermediate portion in a first mode and in a second mode the linear displacement gauge is attached to one of the arms and operatively engages the slide.

US Pat. No. 10,458,773

GARMENT PROPERTY DETERMINATION USING ROBOTIC MANNEQUIN

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A method comprising:causing, by a computerized garment photography system, a mannequin to assume one or more positions while a garment is placed on an exterior surface of the mannequin, the mannequin controllable to assume the one or more positions via one or more moveable portions of the mannequin;
causing, by activating a first light source associated with a first direction, first light to be projected onto the mannequin;
causing, by the computerized garment photography system and after the first light is projected onto the mannequin, a first image capture device to capture a first image of the mannequin at a first position of the one or more positions;
causing, by the computerized garment photography system, a fit adjustment mechanism that is external to the garment to perform, based at least partly on the first image, a first adjustment using a lever to adjust a connector that is removably coupled to the garment to change a placement of the garment on the exterior surface of the mannequin, wherein the fit adjustment mechanism comprises a base, the lever coupled to the base, and the connector coupled to the lever;
causing second light that is different than the first light to be projected onto the mannequin;
causing, by the computerized garment photography system and after the second light is projected onto the mannequin, a second image capture device to capture a second image of the mannequin at a second position of the one or more positions; and
causing, by the computerized garment photography system, the fit adjustment mechanism to perform, based at least partly on the second image, a second adjustment using the lever to adjust the connector to change the placement of the garment on the exterior surface of the mannequin.

US Pat. No. 10,458,772

CMM APPARATUS FOR IDENTIFYING AND CONFIRMING THE STYLUS

Hexagon Metrology, Inc., ...

1. A computer-implemented method of operating a coordinate measuring machine to measure an object according to a criterion associated with the object, the criterion identifying a specific probe with which the object is to be measured, the method comprising:providing at least one available probe, each available probe having a corresponding indicium;
selecting a given probe of the at least one available probe, the given probe having an indicium that meets the criterion specified for the object to be measured, the given probe being a selected probe;
robotically mounting the selected probe to a movable arm of the coordinate measuring machine; and
controlling the coordinate measuring machine to measure the object with the selected probe.

US Pat. No. 10,458,771

TAPE MEASURE WITH COMPACT RETRACTION SYSTEM

Milwaukee Electric Tool C...

1. A tape measure comprising:a housing;
a tape reel rotatably mounted within the housing, the tape reel comprising a radially outward facing surface and a radially inward facing surface defining an interior reel cavity; and
an elongate tape blade wound around the radially outward facing surface of the tape reel;
wherein the tape reel comprises a diameter, D, measured across the radially outward facing surface of the tape reel, wherein the elongate tape blade has a total maximum extended length of TL, wherein TL/D is greater than 237.

US Pat. No. 10,458,770

INFLATABLE TOOL FOR PLASMA GENERATION AND SHAPED CHARGE STAND-OFF

1. An apparatus, comprising:an explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) tool including an inflated state and a deflated, collapsed state,
wherein, in the inflated state, the EOD tool include a central longitudinal axis, a radially outer portion that contains an inflation composition and includes a plug to admit the inflation composition into the radially outer portion, an exterior wall and an interior wall that defines a through opening centered on the central longitudinal axis,
wherein the through opening includes an upper portion configured to hold one of a hand-loaded energetic charge and a shaped charge, and a lower portion configured to act as an energetic guide for the one of the energetic charge and the shaped charge,
wherein the upper portion of the through opening includes a cylindrical shape, and
wherein the lower portion of the through opening includes one of a constant cross-section and a decreasing cross-section; and
an energetic charge being disposed in the upper portion of the through opening, wherein the lower portion has a shape of a frustum,
wherein an angle between a wall of the lower portion, and a horizontal is in a range of from less than 90 degrees to about 50 degrees, and
wherein an inflation composition is one of air and water.

US Pat. No. 10,458,769

SHEAR-BASED INERTIA IGNITERS WITH PRESET NO-FIRE PROTECTION FOR MUNITIONS AND THE LIKE

OMNITEK PARTNERS L.L.C., ...

1. An inertial igniter for igniting a thermal battery upon a predetermined acceleration event, the inertial igniter comprising:a base having a first projection;
a striker mass rotatably connected to the base through a rotatable connection, the striker mass having a second projection aligned with the first projection such that when the striker mass is rotated towards the base, the first projection impacts the second projection;
a rotation prevention mechanism for preventing impact of the first and second projections unless the predetermined acceleration event is experienced; and
a spring, separate from the rotation prevention mechanism, for biasing the striker mass in a biasing direction away from the base, the spring being disposed between a portion of the striker mass and a portion of the rotation prevention mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,458,768

PROTECTION COVERING FOR FOLDED TAIL FIN OF PROJECTILE

AGENCY FOR DEFENSE DEVELO...

1. A protection covering for folded tail fins of a projectile, the protection covering, for protecting the folded tail fins provided at a rear end of a projectile, comprising: a body portion having a cylindrical shape and having an inner part into which a portion of the projectile having tail fins installed thereat is inserted, wherein the tail fins are constrained; a circular plate portion provided at a rear end of the body portion to close the rear end of the body portion; and a combustion gas suction hole provided at a center of the circular plate portion so as to be coaxial with the circular plate portion, wherein the rear end of the projectile is configured open; a plurality of inner grooves each having a space corresponding to depth and width of each of the inner grooves is provided between the rear end of the projectile and each inner groove provided on the inner side surface of the circular plate portion of the protection covering; when the projectile is inserted into the body portion, the rear end of the projectile being open is closed by the circular plate portion, wherein the inner side of the rear end portion of the projectile becomes an air pocket; and after the projectile moves away from a gun barrel, the accumulated combustion gas flowed into the air pocket through the combustion gas suction hole during the launch of the projectile automatically separates the protection covering from the projectile by pressure applied on the inner side surface of the circular plate portion, wherein the plurality of inner grooves are provided in radial directions from the combustion gas suction hole on the inner side surface of the circular plate portion so as to increase an area of the inner side surface of the circular plate portion on which the pressure is applied in a direction to separate the protection covering.

US Pat. No. 10,458,767

ARROWHEAD

Center Cross Archery

2. An arrowhead comprising: (a) a cylindrical ferrule; (b) a tip; (c) a first blade; (d) a second blade; (e) a hinge pin; and (d) a shear pin, the ferrule having a longitudinal axis, the ferrule having a passageway thereinto along the longitudinal axis of the ferrule, the tip having a shank dimensioned to pass into the passageway, the ferrule having a first elongated aperture into said passageway on one side of the ferrule into which the first blade is positioned within the ferrule, the ferrule having a second elongated aperture into said passageway on the other side of the ferrule into which the second blade is positioned within the ferrule, the first blade having a first aperture near one end and a second aperture near the other end, the second blade having a first aperture near one end and a second aperture near the other end, the hinge pin positioned through the first aperture of the first and second blades, the hinge pin positioned through and transverse to the longitudinal axis of the ferrule, the ferrule having a bore therethrough transverse to the longitudinal axis of the ferrule, the shear pin positioned through said bore and through the second apertures of the first and second blades so that when the arrowhead strikes a game animal the shank of the tip pushes the blades to move in a direction away from the longitudinal axis of the ferrule to shear the shear pin and swing out from the ferrule nn the hinge pin.

US Pat. No. 10,458,766

SMALL SMART WEAPON AND WEAPON SYSTEM EMPLOYING THE SAME

LONE STAR IP HOLDINGS, LP...

1. A weapon, comprising:a warhead including destructive elements;
a folding lug switch assembly configured to provide a mechanism to attach said weapon to a delivery vehicle, arm said warhead, or enable a guidance system associated with a guidance section of said weapon; and
an aft section including a tail fin.

US Pat. No. 10,458,765

PARACHUTE DEVICE FOR DIVISIBLE SHELL

BAE SYSTEMS BOFORS AB, K...

1. A parachute device and a divisible shell, the divisible shell comprising an active body and a shell base, and the parachute device comprising two parachutes, a first, main parachute connected to the active body by parachute lines and a second parachute connected to the shell base, wherein the main parachute is packed in the second parachute, wherein the second parachute comprises a front, open base, and a rear chute, wherein the chute is connected to the shell base by a fixing plate and a fixing screw arranged on an inside of the chute, wherein the fixing plate is fixed to an inside of the shell base by the fixing screw, so that the chute is clamped between the fixing plate and the shell base.

US Pat. No. 10,458,763

CUT-ON-CONTACT BROADHEAD

FeraDyne Outdoors, LLC, ...

1. A broadhead, comprising:a ferrule comprising:
a distal end;
a proximal end;
a plurality of recesses extending proximally from proximate the distal end; and
a plurality of channels extending proximally from proximate the distal end, wherein each channel is disposed between adjacent recesses; and
a plurality of deployable blades, wherein at least a portion of each blade is disposed within and is pivotally coupled to one of the plurality of channels, each blade comprising:
a tip;
an impact region;
a first cutting edge extending from the tip to proximate the impact region; and
a second cutting edge extending from the tip to proximate the channel to which the blade is pivotally coupled;
wherein, during flight
at least a portion of the second edge of each blade is retained within at least a portion of the channel to which the blade is pivotally coupled; and
the tips of each blade converge to form a chisel tip comprising cutting edges defined at least in part by the first cutting edge of each blade.

US Pat. No. 10,458,761

FLUTED LINEAR SHAPED CHARGE WITH SIMULTANEOUS INITIATION

12. A method for removing of at least a portion of an oil well casing, the removed casing being disposed of within the oil well, the method comprising:cutting an oil well casing at a first location to a desired length and arc length using a casing cutter;
cutting the oil well casing at second location to a desired length and arc length using the casing cutter;
placing a fluted linear shaped charge device between the first location and the second location, wherein the fluted linear shaped charge device includes:
a containment body, wherein
the containment body includes:
a closed end;
one or more initiation ports, wherein the one or more initiation ports each include an aperture through the closed end of the containment body;
one or more curved surfaces adjacent the closed end; and
an open end opposite the closed end;
the closed end and the one or more curved surfaces create an enclosure;
one or more dual line initiation cups, wherein each dual line initiation cup:
passes through one of the one or more initiation ports from the exterior of the enclosure to the interior of the enclosure; and
includes:
a first branch; and
a second branch;
a simultaneous initiation plate on the exterior of the enclosure, the simultaneous initiation plate:
configured to ensure that each dual line initiation cup detonates simultaneously; and
including a very low sound speed material;
a shock attenuator, wherein the shock attenuator includes a low sound speed material placed between the first branch and the second branch of each dual line initiation cup;
a fluted liner, wherein the fluted liner includes:
one or more flutes, wherein:
a portion of the one or more flutes:
includes a frusto conical shape;
match the curvature of the one or more curved surfaces in the containment body at the open end; and
are in contact with the containment body at the open end;
each flute includes a liner; and
a high explosive billet, wherein the high explosive billet:
is in contact with a portion of the first branch and the second branch of each dual line initiation cup; and
is placed between the shock attenuator and the fluted liner; and
initiating the detonation of the fluted linear shaped charge device.

US Pat. No. 10,458,760

STEP AUTO CLAY THROWER

1. A step auto clay thrower, comprising:a base;
a stepping rod having a front end thereof pivotally connected to a front side of said base by a first pivot member, an opposing rear end thereof connected with a pedal, said pedal being connected to one end of a first connecting member that has an opposite end thereof connected to one end of a first spring, said stepping rod having a front part thereof connected with a tilting bracket, said tilting bracket being connected to one end of a second spring through a second connecting member, said second spring having an opposite end thereof connected to one end of a link;
a support affixed to a front top side of said base;
a throwing arm holder mounted on a top side of said support, said throwing arm holder comprising a first bearing block located at a front side thereof, a shaft movably coupled to said first bearing block with a bottom end thereof connected with a first linking member, said first linking member being pivotally connected to an opposite end of said link by a second pivot member, said throwing arm holder having a back side thereof pivotally connected with a trigger arm by a third pivot member, said trigger arm having a bottom end thereof connected to an opposite end of said first spring;
a throwing arm having a coupling groove located on a front side thereof and connected with a third connecting member that is fixed connected with a top side of said shaft by welding, a rear top side configured for the placement of a clay, a rear side of a sidewall thereof for stopping by a top side of the trigger arm; and
a mini motor having a motor shaft coupled with said shaft for rotating said shaft to return said throwing arm.

US Pat. No. 10,458,759

SHOOTING TARGET APPARATUS

1. A shooting target system comprising:a main housing comprising two walls facing each other, and a base connected to the two walls,
a meshing gear inside the main housing,
a camshaft connected to the meshing gear,
a target holder pivotally attached to the main housing through a target holder pin,
a target attached to a first end of the target holder,
a leaf spring connected to a second end of the target holder opposing the first end of the target holder,
a double torsion spring connected to the target holder and between the target and the leaf spring,
a first magnet on a first location of the main housing, a second magnet on the base of the main housing, the first location being spaced apart from the base,
a third magnet on a first location of the target holder and a fourth magnet on a second location of the target holder, the first and second locations of the target holder being spaced apart,
a remote control,
a power source, and
a gearbox on one of the two walls of the main housing,
wherein the shooting target system is to move the target between a concealed position and a ready position, wherein in the concealed position, the first magnet and the third magnet are engaged to hold the target holder in a horizontal position; and in the ready position, the first magnet and the third magnet are disengaged to hold the target holder in a vertical position,
wherein to change from the concealed position to the ready position:
the remote control is to send a signal,
the gearbox is to be activated by the power source upon receiving the signal,
the activated gearbox is to drive the meshing gear to rotate the camshaft, and the camshaft is to compress the double torsion spring to reach a first point, where a potential energy in the double torsion spring is to be converted to kinetic energy to disengage the first magnet and the third magnet and to release the target holder from the horizontal position, and
the target holder pin is to hold the target holder on the main housing when changing position to help the fourth magnet to engage with the second magnet located on the base, to thereby put the target in the ready position,
wherein to change from the ready position to the concealed position, while the target is still in the ready position, the camshaft is to rotate towards a second point and compress the leaf spring, where a potential energy in the leaf spring is to be converted to kinetic energy to cause the fourth magnet to disengage with the second magnet and to reunite the first magnet and the third magnet, thereby putting the target in the concealed position again.

US Pat. No. 10,458,758

ELECTRONIC AUDIBLE FEEDBACK BULLET TARGETING SYSTEM

1. An electronic audible feedback projectile targeting system, consisting of:a device for shooting projectiles;
a target with an impact sensor attached thereto;
said target is selected from the group consisting of a metallic target, a paper target, a target worn on by a paint ball player, and combinations thereof;
said impact sensor for sensing an impact of said projectile is with an impact sensor selected from the group consisting of a piezoelectric sensor, an electromagnetic sensor, a 3 axis accelerometer, a capacitive sensor, and an inductive sensor for detecting hits from a bullet, an air soft pellet, and air gun pellet, and an arrow;
a wireless transmitter electrically connected to said impact sensor, said wireless transmitter selected from the group consisting of radio frequency transmissions and infra-red transmissions transmitting a wireless message with impact describing data said wireless transmitter transmitting a pre-selected sound and/or visual signal to a receiver upon said projectile impacting said target transmitting impact describing audible and/or visual data therefrom;
a receiver selected from the group consisting of a smart phone, a tablet, a watch and combinations thereof including software and hardware receiving said wireless message with impact describing data from said transmitter providing an impact describing audible and/or visual message to a user, said impact describing audible message being interpreted from said impact describing data, said receiver comprising a radio frequency receiver receiving a wireless message comprising a radio frequency transmission with application software enabling said receiver to receive a target impact describing audible and/or visual data transmission from said wireless transmitter;
a hit detection algorithm software application enabling said receiver to interpret said target impact describing audible data containing target impact data, detecting a hits on said target, detecting a miss of said target, recording a hit data, accumulating hit data from single shots and multiple shots for calculating performance, and detecting most recent hits and previous hits;
means of inputting user preferences and interpreting hit or miss data with said hit detection algorithm, wherein said means is selected from a group of primary input devices consisting of a digital camera, digital camera with zoom lens, an accelerometer, a microphone, a touchscreen, and combinations thereof;
said user preferences and said hit or miss data selected from the group consisting of distance impact is from a center of said target, a sound which mimics an impact of a hit on a selected material, a sound which mimics a hit or miss of said target, a sound mimicking an exaggerated impact, a sound which is indicative of a distance said target is from a shooter;
said receiver providing an impact describing audible message to a user and interpreting the impact describing audible message and said user preferences providing a recognized audible sound selected from the group consisting of a sound made by a selected gun, a bullet, an arrow, a sound made in accordance of a distance the target is from the shooter, a sound made in accordance with the type of material comprising said target, a hit of said target, a miss or said target; and
said impact describing transmission being interpreted from said impact describing said hit or miss data showing or replaying said hit whereby said algorithm detects said hit on said target, said miss of said target, differentiate between a prior hit and a most recent hit with a selected color or different shade, and provide a sound and/or visual feedback which varies depending on where said projectile hits said target.

US Pat. No. 10,458,757

DEPLOYABLE NET FOR AN INTERCEPTING VEHICLE

Aurora Flight Sciences Co...

1. An intercepting vehicle comprising:a body;
at least three tensioning lines attached to the body; and
a net attached to the at least three tensioning lines for towing the net behind the intercepting vehicle, wherein the net comprises:
a perimeter surrounding an open-mesh matrix of fibers; and
at least one airfoil section disposed on the perimeter of the net, wherein the at least one airfoil section is arranged such that lift created by the at least one airfoil section when the net is towed behind the intercepting vehicle acts outwardly on the perimeter of the net, deploying the net into a capture orientation,
wherein at least one of the at least three tensioning lines is independently retractable by the intercepting vehicle so as to change the capture orientation of the net relative to the intercepting vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,458,755

PACKAGE DELIVERY BLIND

1. A concealment apparatus comprisinga blind sheeting and a plurality of weights;
wherein the plurality of weights attach to the blind sheeting;
wherein the concealment apparatus further comprises the visual patterns and forms of camouflage appropriate for the outdoor environment;
wherein the concealment apparatus is a blind;
wherein the concealment apparatus is adapted for use in an outdoor environment;
wherein the concealment apparatus is configured for use with a package;
wherein the blind sheeting is draped over the package;
wherein the blind sheeting comprises a master sheeting, a first weight tab, a second weight tab, a third weight tab, and a fourth weight tab;
wherein the first weight tab, the second weight tab, the third weight tab, and a fourth weight tab attach to the master sheeting;
wherein the master sheeting is further defined with a first edge, a second edge, a third edge, and a fourth edge;
wherein the master sheeting further comprises a first miter cut, a second miter cut, a third miter cut, and a fourth miter cut;
wherein the first weight tab further comprises a first seam, a second seam, a third seam, and a fourth seam;
wherein the first weight tab is further defined with a fifth edge, a sixth edge, a seventh edge, and an eighth edge;
wherein the second weight tab further comprises a fifth seam, a sixth seam, a seventh seam, and an eighth seam;
wherein the second weight tab is further defined with a ninth edge, a tenth edge, an eleventh edge, and a twelfth edge;
wherein the third weight tab further comprises a ninth seam, a tenth seam, an eleventh seam, and a twelfth seam;
wherein the third weight tab is further defined with a thirteenth edge, a fourteenth edge, a fifteenth edge, and a sixteenth edge;
wherein the fourth weight tab further comprises a thirteenth seam, a fourteenth seam, a fifteenth seam, and a sixteenth seam;
wherein the fourth weight tab is further defined with a seventeenth edge, an eighteenth edge, a nineteenth edge, and a twentieth edge;
wherein the first seam attaches the fifth edge of the first weight tab to the first edge of the master sheeting such that the first weight tab is centered between the fourth miter cut and the first miter cut;
wherein the fifth seam attaches the ninth edge of the second weight tab to the second edge of the master sheeting such that the second weight tab is centered between the first miter cut and the second miter cut;
wherein the ninth seam attaches the thirteenth edge of the third weight tab to the third edge of the master sheeting such that the third weight tab is centered between the second miter cut and the third miter cut;
wherein the thirteenth seam attaches the seventeenth edge of the fourth weight tab to the fourth edge of the master sheeting such that the fourth weight tab is centered between the third miter cut and the fourth miter cut;
wherein the blind sheeting is a sheeting formed in a rectilinear shape;
wherein the blind sheeting is an opaque structure;
wherein the blind sheeting has formed on it the visual patterns and forms required to create a camouflage that is appropriate for the outdoor environment;
wherein the master sheeting is a sheeting cut in a rectangular shape;
wherein the master sheeting forms the opaque structure of the blind sheeting;
wherein the first miter cut is a vent;
wherein the second miter vent is a vent;
wherein the third miter cut is a vent;
wherein the fourth miter cut is a vent.

US Pat. No. 10,458,754

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR NETWORKING FIREARM-MOUNTED DEVICES

T-Worx Holdings, LLC, St...

18. A firearm system comprising:a power source;
an intelligent rail; and
one or more electrical conductors on the intelligent rail and connected to receive power from the power source, wherein the intelligent rail delivers through the one or more electrical conductors a static voltage to supply power, and superimposes on the static voltage a dynamic, time-varying voltage to encode and transfer data;
wherein the intelligent rail provides data communication via the dynamic, time-varying voltage across the one or more electrical conductors, wherein the data communication is packet-based utilizing a packet structure encapsulated with a preamble and a start byte for synchronization, and including a node address, packet length, and cyclic redundancy check bytes.

US Pat. No. 10,458,753

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CALCULATING AIMING POINT INFORMATION

HVRT CORP., Orofino, ID ...

1. A method for shooting a target, comprising:a) providing a target acquisition device comprising a reticle,
b) comprising:
i) a first horizontal cross-hair;
ii) a first vertical cross-hair that intersects said first horizontal cross-hair;
iii) two or more evenly spaced horizontal cross-hairs on said first vertical cross-hair below said first horizontal cross-hair;
iv) two or more vertical cross-hairs on said evenly spaced horizontal cross hairs on said first vertical cross-hair below said first horizontal cross-hair; and
v) one or more slanted non-perpendicular wind lines that intersect at least one of said two or more evenly spaced horizontal cross-hairs, and
c) selecting an aiming point on said reticle that accounts for the relation of the shooter to the target; and
d) using said aiming point to aim the firearm so as to hit the target.

US Pat. No. 10,458,752

FOLDED RELAY SPRING FOR OPTICAL SIGHT

Trijicon, Inc., Wixom, M...

1. An optical sight comprising:a housing;
a relay assembly having at least one optical element, a main tube, a track tube having at least one track, and a reticle assembly, said track tube selectively rotatable relative to and about said main tube to adjust an axial position of said at least one optical element within said main tube along an axis that is substantially parallel to a longitudinal axis of said main tube, and said reticle assembly having at least one optical element; and
a biasing element including a mounting strap and a spring, wherein the mounting strap is fixed to an inner surface of said housing and said spring has an engagement surface that contacts said relay assembly, said engagement surface being on a radially inner side of said spring opposite a radially outer side facing said mounting strap and said biasing element exerting a force on said relay assembly when said relay assembly is installed in said housing.

US Pat. No. 10,458,751

MARKSMAN POSITIONING DEVICE

1. A marksman positioning device comprising:An elastic frame configured to stretch over an ocular housing of an optical sight;
An auxiliary lens enclosed by and fixed in position with respect to the optical sight by said frame, said auxiliary lens having a central region viewable through the frame;
An alignment pattern carried by said auxiliary lens, said alignment pattern configured to align with a reticle of a target picture provided by the optical sight, said alignment pattern having a geometry confined to the central region of the auxiliary lens; and said alignment pattern comprises
A plurality of gaps configured for aligning with the reticle for precise projectile placement, whereby consistent positioning of a marksman is achieved by reproducing a view of the alignment pattern position with respect to the reticle.

US Pat. No. 10,458,750

THERMAL WEAPON SIGHT

Seek Thermal, Inc., Gole...

1. A method for displaying visual content in a weapon sight attached to a weapon, the weapon sight comprising a thermal imager with a processor executing an image processing chain including a contrast equalization element, and a display for displaying thermal images to a user of the weapon, the method comprising:providing a reticle overlaid at a reticle location on the thermal image in the display, wherein the reticle location relative to the thermal image is determined based on an aiming point of the weapon;
providing a digital zoom capability to magnify the displayed image beyond an optical magnification;
applying a contrast equalization, by the contrast equalization element, only to the portion of the image displayed when the image is zoomed; and
displaying the reticle at the reticle location in the display corresponding to the aiming point by at least one of:
when the magnification is at a level where the magnified image is less than or equal in size to the displayed image, the reticle location is the same in both images; and
when the magnification is at a level where the magnified image is greater in size than the displayed image, the reticle location in the displayed image is offset to the center as closely as possible while maintaining all of the displayed image corresponding to valid pixels from the magnified image.

US Pat. No. 10,458,749

WAIST PROTECTING PLATE STRUCTURE OF CONNECTING A HOLSTER AND A BELT BUCKLE

CYTAC TECHNOLOGY LIMITED,...

1. A waist protecting plate structure of connecting a holster and a belt buckle, characterized by comprising a buckle-type waist protecting plate mounted inside the holster through a removable connection member;the buckle-type waist protecting plate is a two-layer structure with arc bending ends, wherein the layer close to the holster has a concave retaining portion matching with the connection member; the two-layer structure of the buckle-type waist protecting plate is provided a plurality of corresponding connection holes;
the connection member has a vertical through slot, wherein one side of the slot has a buckle bump, and the other side of the slot has multiple rows of mounting holes.

US Pat. No. 10,458,748

HOLSTER

Vista Outdoor Operations ...

8. A holster for a handgun, the handgun having an ejection port, the holster comprising:a holster body with opposing sides defining a cavity for receiving and holding the handgun, the holster having a longitudinal axis extending parallel to an insertion/withdrawal direction;
a movable U-shaped member that is slidably engaged with the holster body and movable axially within the cavity of the holster body, the U-shaped member positioned to extend over a slide of a handgun when the handgun is holstered in the holster, the U-shaped member coupled to a thumb push button;
an ejection port catch member configured as a leaf spring attached to the holster body and that engages with the handgun at the ejection port of the handgun, the catch member having a normal obstructing position with respect to the handgun ejection port, the catch member movable to a non-obstructing position, the catch member cooperating with the U-shaped member to move the catch member to the non-obstructing position.

US Pat. No. 10,458,747

APPARATUS FOR PREVENTION OF DROPPING OF HANDGUN

1. An apparatus for preventing a user from dropping a hand gun, the gun having a handle, the apparatus comprising:a grip attached to one side of the handle of the gun (11), the grip having two holes therein for receiving threaded fasteners (504) there through; and
the threaded fasteners extending through ends of a flexible loop (501) operatively attached to the grip, the flexible loop (501/601) being of a size to tightly hold a human hand gripping the handle of the gun.

US Pat. No. 10,458,746

ADJUSTABLE CHEEK RISER

Sig Sauer, Inc., Newingt...

1. An adjustable cheek riser for a firearm comprising:a comb extension member configured to move between at least an expanded configuration and a retracted configuration;
at least one living hinge integral with the comb extension member; and
at least one pin, the at least one pin being configured to switch between a locked and an unlocked position upon activation of the living hinge.

US Pat. No. 10,458,745

WEAPONS EMBEDDED IN A WEARABLE ITEM

1. A weapon disposed within an enclosure, the weapon comprising a firearm and a blade both disposed within an enclosure:the firearm comprising:
a barrel through which a bullet passes to exit the firearm;
a shell comprising a charge proximate a rear surface of the shell, the shell for receiving the bullet;
a primer safety component in a location of which relative to the charge is controlled by a primer safety handle, the primer safety component moveable to a firing position exposing the rear surface of the shell by operation of the primer safety handle;
a firing pin moveable to a firing position by operation of a firing pin control;
a firing pin lock retaining the firing pin in the firing position when in a locked position;
a first biasing member for applying a first force to the firing pin, movement of the firing pin restrained against the first force by the locked position of the firing pin lock;
a trigger for releasing the firing pin lock from the locked position such that when the primer safety component is in the firing position, the first force causing the firing pin to strike the rear surface of the shell, igniting the charge, thereby causing the bullet to be ejected from the barrel;
the blade comprising:
a sharp instrument concealed within the enclosure;
a blade lock for retaining the sharp instrument within the enclosure when in a locked position;
a second biasing member for applying a second force to the sharp instrument, the sharp instrument restrained against the second force by the locked position of the blade lock; and
a release pin for releasing the sharp instrument from the locked position, the second force causing the sharp instrument to emerge from a concealed location within the enclosure.

US Pat. No. 10,458,744

SHOCK-ABSORPTION DEVICE OF PISTON MECHANISM IN SIMULATION GUN

TOKYO MARUI CO, LTD., To...

1. A shock-absorption device of a piston mechanism in a simulation gun in which an air current is ejected by an operation of a piston mechanism portion to fire a bullet,wherein a piston stop which is movable relative to the piston mechanism portion is provided,
wherein the piston stop is attached to one constituent member of the piston mechanism portion to absorb an impact force accompanying the operation of the piston mechanism portion, and
wherein shock-absorption means is provided between the piston stop and the other constituent member of the piston mechanism portion,
wherein the simulation gun is a gas gun which ejects gas to the bullet by the piston mechanism portion and moves a piston mechanism and a bolt backward by a differential pressure valve mechanism built in the piston mechanism, andwherein a mass of the piston mechanism portion which moves backward is weighed to a mass of the bolt as the impact force.

US Pat. No. 10,458,743

CROSSBOW WITH BUILT IN COCKING DEVICE

1. A crossbow with built-in cocking device comprising:a barrel having a front end and a rear end;
a riser attached to said barrel;
a first limb attached to a first end of said riser;
a second limb attached to a second end of said riser;
a first cam rotatably retained on said first limb;
a second cam rotatably retained on said second limb;
a bow string retained on said first cam and said second cam;
at least one string carriage for pulling said bow string back toward said rear end;
a trigger housing retained on said barrel for retaining said bow string in a cocked position; and
a first carriage shaft, a first slot is formed in a top of said barrel to receive said first carriage shaft, a second carriage shaft, a second slot is formed in said top of said barrel to receive said second carriage shaft, said first and second carriage shafts do not extend above said top of said barrel, said first and second carriage shafts are engaged with one of said at least one string carriage, one end of said first and second carriage shafts extend to substantially said front end, said first and second carriage shafts are located below a top surface of said barrel, wherein said first and second carriage shafts are capable of being rotated with a crank to provide linear motion to one of said at least one string carriage.

US Pat. No. 10,458,742

PROJECTILE LAUNCHING DEVICE WITH SELF-TIMING AND WITHOUT CAM LEAN

ARCHERY INNOVATORS, LLC, ...

1. A projectile launching device comprising:a first 3-track cam and a second 3-track cam capable of being coupled by a launch string, said first and second 3-track cams have a middle launch string track, a first and second cable, each cable having a first end and a second end, and a first and second cable pulley, a first cable track is located on a first side of said middle launch string track, said first cable track having a width at least twice as wide as the width of the cable, a second cable track is located on a second side of said middle launch string track, said second cable track having a width at least twice as wide as the width of the cable, wherein an inner most perimeter shape of said first cable track is the same as said second cable track, said first and second cable tracks are parallel to said launch string track, said first 3-track cam and said second 3-track cam are identical, said cable may wrap said first and said second cable tracks, wherein said first and second ends of said first and second cables are anchored to the respective first and second cams, and a mid-section of said first and second cables partially wrap said first and second cable pulleys.

US Pat. No. 10,458,741

PISTOL SOCK

19. A gun sock adapted to partially engage a pistol having a height and width, a handle or magazine well, a slide or hammer positioned towards the rear of the pistol, a trigger guard area, a barrel, a muzzle positioned at the front of the pistol, and a silhouette, the gun sock comprising:a first layer having a first shape with a first perimeter comprised of edges, wherein the first shape substantially conforms to the pistol silhouette, such that when the gun sock engages the pistol, the pistol handle or magazine well is engaged;
a second layer having a second shape with a second perimeter comprised of edges that substantially matches the first shape and the first perimeter of the first layer, wherein the first layer and the second layer are at least partially joined along the first perimeter and the second perimeter such that the edges of the first layer and the edges of the second layer are divided into two groups comprised of joined edges and un-joined edges, and further wherein the first layer and second layer have at least one material of construction selected from the following group consisting of leather, neoprene, cotton, wool, fleece, woven synthetic fibers, hide, rubber, silicone, microfiber cloth, silk, velvet, and satin;
an interior space formed between the at least partially joined first layer and second layer that is configured to receive and engage with the pistol handle or magazine well, wherein the interior space has a depth, as measured from the un-joined edges to the joined edges of the opposing perimeter of the first shape and second shape, that exceeds the width of the pistol grip but does not exceed the distance from the trigger guard area to the rear of the pistol, wherein the rear of the pistol is the end opposite the muzzle of the pistol, and further wherein the interior space has an internal width that at least partially exceeds the sum of the pistol's height plus width;
a first opening to the interior space formed by the un-joined edges of the first layer and the second layer, wherein the first opening is positioned near the trigger of the pistol when the gun sock has received and engaged with the pistol;
a pull tab positioned along the perimeter of the first layer such that the pull tab is substantially opposite the first opening, and further wherein the pull tab is substantially aligned with the pistol slide or hammer when the gun sock is engaged with the pistol, and further wherein the pull tab is formed by a protruding extension of the first layer and the second layer; and
a second opening positioned on the first layer such that a section of the pistol is exposed, wherein the section of the pistol that is exposed is comprised of one or more of the following group consisting of the pistol trigger area, pistol cartridge (or case) ejection port, pistol safety, and pistol slide.

US Pat. No. 10,458,740

MODULAR ARMORERS STAND

Falcon Industries, Inc., ...

1. A system for holding a frame of a semiautomatic firearm, the frame comprising a magazine well and a magazine release, and the system comprising:a block comprising a top ramp, a well engagement, a notch, a tongue, and a lower flat, wherein the top ramp is at a top of the well engagement, wherein the lower flat is at a bottom of the well engagement, wherein the tongue is below the well engagement, wherein the well engagement and notch are configured and sized to slide into the magazine well and to releasably engage the magazine release such that the frame is secured to the block;
a base comprising a base bottom, a stand, and a slot, wherein the stand extends up from the base, wherein the slot runs through the base from top to bottom, wherein the slot comprises a plurality of ribs, wherein the slot and ribs are sized and configured such that the tongue slides into the slot and the magazine engagement does not slide into the slot.

US Pat. No. 10,458,739

SILENCER BAFFLE ASSEMBLY

RA Brands, L.L.C., Madis...

1. A silencer comprising:a silencer body with an inner wall defining an interior chamber;
a connector located at a rearward end of the silencer body for connection of the silencer to a host firearm; and
a baffle assembly received within the silencer body, the baffle assembly comprising a plurality of baffle elements received in aligned, stacked series along the interior chamber of the silencer body so as to define a baffle core for the silencer, wherein at least some of the baffle elements include an alignment tab and an alignment notch, and wherein the alignment tabs engage the alignment notches of adjacent baffle elements,
wherein each of the baffle elements comprises a baffle, and a spacer located rearwardly of the baffle and having a body configured to receive the baffle of an adjacent baffle element therein, with successive stacked baffle elements being arranged in a desired rotational orientation and mounted together in a substantially sealed arrangement sufficient to substantially contain and impede escape of carbon, unburned powder, and other elements of combustion that will foul or create an obstructive buildup between the baffle core and an interior side wall of the silencer body, from the baffle core,
wherein each of the alignment notches are located along a forward end of one of the baffles, and wherein each alignment tab is located along an interior portion of the spacer of each baffle element, such that a point of connection between the alignment tabs and alignment notches of successive baffle elements is located within an area substantially enclosed by the bodies of the spacers of the stacked baffle elements.

US Pat. No. 10,458,738

BLAST OVERPRESSURE REDUCTION FIREARM SYSTEM AND METHOD

1. A firearm overpressure reduction system, the system comprising:an overpressure reduction muzzle; and
a suppressor;
wherein the suppressor is mated with the muzzle and wherein the suppressor further comprises a plurality of baffles within the suppressor with at least one baffle having a converging arrangement at a first end of the baffle through which a bullet passes and a parabolic shaped diverging arrangement at a second end through which the bullet exits the baffle; and
wherein the at least one baffle with the parabolic shaped diverging arrangement at the second end of the baffle has the second end of the baffle arranged with a part of the second end removed to provide for a gas exit port.

US Pat. No. 10,458,737

FIREARM SUPPRESSOR INCLUDING THERMAL ENERGY ABSORBING ELEMENTS MANUFACTURED FROM POROUS METAL

1. A firearm suppressor comprising one or more thermal energy absorbing elements manufactured by sintering of powdered metals to form a porous metal having a void volume ranging from 20% to 60% and 250-250,000 pores per inch.

US Pat. No. 10,458,736

DYNAMIC VARIABLE FORCE TRIGGER MECHANISM FOR FIREARMS

1. A closed loop magnetically variable trigger force trigger mechanism for a firearm, the trigger comprising:a stationary yoke configured for mounting to the firearm;
a rotatable trigger member pivotably coupled to the stationary yoke about a pivot axis, the trigger member and stationary yoke collectively configured to form a closed magnetic loop;
an openable and closeable first air gap formed between the trigger member and the stationary yoke;
a permanent magnet arranged to generate a static magnetic field in the closed magnetic loop, the static magnetic field creating a primary resistance force opposing movement of the trigger member when pulled by the user;
a control insert selectively movable relative to a second control air gap formed in the yoke which attenuates the static magnetic field, the control insert constructed and operable to change the static magnetic field;
wherein the static magnetic field is changeable via varying position of the control insert relative to the control air gap to adjust a trigger pull force of the trigger mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,458,735

COMBINED LOADING DEVICE AND COMBINED LOADING METHOD FOR SHELL AND CHARGE

HANWHA DEFENSE CO., LTD.,...

1. A combined loading device comprising:a first housing in which a shell is inserted;
a second housing in which a charge is inserted, the second housing being connected to the first housing and configured to transfer the charge to the first housing;
a first support located in the first housing and configured to allow the shell or the charge to be seated and linearly moved; and
a driving unit located inside the first housing, connected to the first support, and configured to move the first support on which the shell is seated,
wherein the second housing comprises a transfer unit,
wherein the second housing is located higher than the first housing with respect to a ground, and
wherein the transfer unit is configured to transfer the charge from the second housing to the first support using gravity such that the charge is seated on the first support.

US Pat. No. 10,458,734

MATCHED FIREARM RECEIVER AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE

1. A method of manufacturing matched upper and lower firearm receiver sets, comprising the steps of:providing a first receiver part having a forward lug and a rear lug; providing a second receiver part having laterally spaced apart forward mounting portions and laterally spaced apart rear mounting portions;
positioning the first and second receiver parts together with the forward lug between the forward mounting portions and the rear lug between the rear mounting portions;
forming forward openings that are sized larger than a first preselected desired finished diameter in axial alignment concurrently through the forward mounting portions and forward lug;
forming rear openings that are sized larger than a second preselected desired finished diameter in axial alignment concurrently through the rear mounting portions and the rear lug; and
inserting reinforcement sleeves having the first preselected desired finished interior diameter into the openings of the forward mounting portions and forward lug and having the second preselected desired finished interior diameter into the openings of the rear mounting portions and rear lug, the sleeves receiving removable assembly pins to secure the upper and lower receivers together.

US Pat. No. 10,458,733

BOLT MECHANISMS AND FIREARMS CONTAINING THE SAME

1. A bolt mechanism for a firearm, comprising:a bolt configured to receive a firing pin assembly and having a longitudinal axis; and
a bolt head assembly coupled to an end of the bolt and including an extractor rotatable about the longitudinal axis of the bolt, wherein the bolt rotates relative to the extractor when the bolt rotates about the longitudinal axis and the bolt mechanism is installed in the firearm, wherein the bolt head assembly further comprises a floating bolt head that is rotatable about two axes of rotation that are substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis.

US Pat. No. 10,458,732

BOLT CARRIER SYSTEM

NEMO Arms, Inc., Nampa, ...

1. A firearm including a buffer assembly at a rear portion, comprising:a bolt carrier including a first cavity and a first back end;
an extension slidably coupled within the first cavity of the bolt carrier and including a flange at a second back end adjacent the buffer assembly of the firearm, wherein the extension is slidable between an extended position with the flange spaced from the first back end of the bolt carrier and a retracted position with the flange abutting the first back end of the bolt carrier; and
a spring coupled to the bolt carrier and the bolt carrier extension piece, the spring biasing the bolt carrier extension into the extended position prior to firing of the firearm.

US Pat. No. 10,458,731

BOLT FOR BOLT ACTION RIFLES

1. A firearm with bolt assembly, the firearm comprising:a longitudinal axis
a receiver defining a longitudinally extending cavity;
a barrel supported by the receiver and including a rear end and a front end;
an ammunition magazine removably disposed in the receiver and including a pair of feed lips for retaining a plurality of cartridges in the magazine; and
a rotatable bolt disposed in the cavity and slideably movable forward to a closed position in battery with the barrel and rearward to an open position axially spaced apart from the barrel, the bolt including:
a plurality of bolt lugs selectively engageable with a plurality of locking lugs at the rear end of the barrel;
a bolt body including a front section, rear section, and middle section extending therebetween, the middle section comprising a dimensionally reduced portion of the bolt body having at least one transverse cross sectional dimension less than an outer diameter of the rear section;
the middle section defining a recess positioned over the feed lips of the magazine when the bolt is in the closed position, the recess receiving a portion of the feed lips therein;
the bolt lugs being non-rotatable relative to the bolt body;
wherein the middle section provides clearance between the bolt body and the feed lips of the magazine when the bolt is in the closed position so that the bolt is rotatable between a locked breech position and unlocked breech position.

US Pat. No. 10,458,730

DRAINAGE SYSTEM FOR A DEHUMIDIFICATION SYSTEM

Therma-Stor LLC, Madison...

1. A dehumidification system, comprising:a heat exchanger;
an evaporator positioned next to the heat exchanger;
a primary drain pan disposed at least partially below the heat exchanger and at least partially below the evaporator, the primary drain pan comprising one or more raised ribs that are disposed on a bottom surface of the primary drain pan and extend upwards toward the evaporator from the bottom surface, the one or more raised ribs configured to at least partially block air flowing across the primary drain pan as the air flows from the heat exchanger into the evaporator;
a secondary drain pan disposed at least partially between the evaporator and the primary drain pan, the secondary drain pan comprising a plurality of downspouts, each downspout comprising an end that is contoured and is positioned proximate to one of the raised ribs, each downspout configured to funnel water condensed from the evaporator into an area of the primary drain pan that is at least partially surrounded by one of the raised ribs;
a condenser disposed at least partially below the primary drain pan; and
an impeller disposed at least partially below the primary drain pan and adjacent to the condenser.

US Pat. No. 10,458,729

HEAT EXCHANGER AND HOT WATER APPARATUS

NORITZ CORPORATION, Hyog...

1. A heat exchanger comprising:a heat transfer tube in which water and/or hot water flows in an internal space; and
a baffle disposed in the internal space in the heat transfer tube, the baffle promoting a turbulent flow in the water and/or hot water in the internal space,
the baffle including
plural main body portions which extend in an axial direction of the heat transfer tube and divide the internal space into a first space and a second space in a radial direction of the heat transfer tube,
plural first protruding portions, each of which protrudes from one of the main body portions into the first space,
plural second protruding portions, each of which protrudes from one of the main body portions into the second space,
a first wall connected to a first end portion of each main body portion and extending in the axial direction of the heat transfer tube, and
a second wall connected to a second end portion of each main body portion and extending in the axial direction of the heat transfer tube,
each of the first protruding portions and the second protruding portions being disposed between the first wall and the second wall,
the first wall including a first protruding wall protruding into the first space with respect to the main body portions and a second protruding wall protruding into the second space with respect to the main body portions, and
the second wall including a third protruding wall protruding into the first space with respect to the main body portions and a fourth protruding wall protruding into the second space with respect to the main body portions,
wherein at least one of the first protruding wall, the second protruding wall, the third protruding wall, and the fourth protruding wall has a length in the axial direction of the heat transfer tube that exceeds at least one of a distance between consecutive first protruding portions and a distance between consecutive second protruding portions.

US Pat. No. 10,458,728

TURBULENCE MEMBER AND HEAT EXCHANGER USING SAME, AND WATER HEATER

Rinnai Corporation, Nago...

1. A turbulence member made of a flat plate member configured to be inserted into a heat-transfer tube having a substantially elliptical cross-sectional shape in a flow passage direction, and to generate turbulence in a fluid flowing inside the heat-transfer tube by a plurality of projected pieces projected on both front and back surfaces of the flat plate member, whereina rotation preventing piece configured to prevent rotation of the flat plate member inside the heat-transfer tube is provided in at least one of both side edges along the flow passage direction in the flat plate member,
the rotation preventing piece is provided to project from the flat plate member and have a forefront that is bent in a direction toward a tube wall inner circumferential surface of the heat-transfer tube so that the forefront comes into contact with the tube wall inner circumferential surface of the heat-transfer tube, and
a space through which the fluid can circulate is formed between the rotation preventing piece and the tube wall inner circumferential surface by bringing the forefront of the rotation preventing piece into contact with the tube wall inner circumferential surface, wherein
the rotation preventing piece comprises erecting pieces formed by bending the first side edge and the second side edge of the flat plate member, and
the erecting pieces are provided on the at least one of the first side edge and the second side edge so that a front erecting piece bent on a front side and a back erecting piece bent on a back side are located alternately along a longitudinal direction of the at least one of the first side edge and the second side edge.

US Pat. No. 10,458,727

HEAT TRANSFER USING FLEXIBLE FLUID CONDUIT

1. A sheathed flexible conduit configured for use in heat transfer applications requiring custom in-situ manual layout comprising:a flexible tube of plastic or plastic composite material arranged to conduct a heat transfer fluid, said tube having a uniform wall thickness and smooth inner and outer surfaces;
a sheath of material with thermal conductivity greater than 15 W/m° C. surrounding said outer surface of said flexible tube, said sheath contiguous with said outer surface of said flexible tube;
said sheath being composed of a soft and malleable material that allows said sheath to be deformed in the course of said custom in-situ manual layout;
said deformation being bending and spreading and thinning and conforming to an adjacent surface;
said sheathed flexible conduit being arranged in a curved pattern and held in said curved pattern by fixing means;
said sheathed flexible conduit having an outer surface fixed in thermally conductive contact with at least one contiguous heat-conducting surface having a thermal conductivity greater than 15 W/m° C.;
said thermally conductive contact being made under pressure by means of compressive fastening, whereby said flexible tube and said sheath distort against said contiguous heat-conducting surface and said sheath deforms against said contiguous heat-conducting surface by bending, spreading and thinning, so increasing heat transfer area and conforms to said contiguous heat-conducting surface, so reducing thermal contact resistance;
said compressive fastening creating a thermal conductive path from all of the circumference of said flexible tube to said contiguous heat-conducting surface;
said compressive fastening being formed in the course of said custom in-situ manual layout;
said flexible tube having a longitudinal axis and said sheath comprising segments transverse to said longitudinal axis of said flexible tube and, when said sheathed flexible conduit is held straight, having spaces of uniform width between said segments of said sheath that are adjacent;
said uniform spaces being completely filled with a flexible adhesive;
said segments, in the absence of compressive deformation of said segments, having a uniform radial thickness and a uniform axial thickness;
said sheathed flexible conduit being as flexible as said flexible tube alone at a coverage exceeding 95% of said exterior surface of said flexible tube by said sheath;
said sheathed flexible conduit having a ratio of minimum bend radius to outer diameter of said flexible tube less than 10;
said sheathed flexible conduit having a modulus of elasticity of 2 GPa or less.

US Pat. No. 10,458,726

ATTACHMENT DEVICE FOR HEAT EXCHANGER

Valeo Systemes Thermiques...

1. An attachment device for securing a heat exchanger to a holder, the heat exchanger comprising a core for exchanging heat between a first fluid and a second fluid which comprises a hollow cylinder, said attachment device comprising:an annular body that is configured to engage an inner wall of an opening located at a longitudinal end of the hollow cylinder, wherein the engagement of the annular body within the opening covers the opening in a cap-like manner; and
an extension for securing the core to the holder, said extension projecting from a surface of the body.

US Pat. No. 10,458,725

HEAT EXCHANGER WITH JOINTED FRAME

Dana Canada Corporation, ...

1. A heat exchanger comprising:a plurality of stacked heat exchanger plates;
a plurality of frame members, wherein one frame member of the plurality of frame members is interposed between adjacent ones of the plurality of stacked heat exchanger plates such that the one frame member interposed between adjacent heat exchanger plates, spaces apart the adjacent heat exchanger plates, the plurality of frame members and the plurality of stacked heat exchanger plates together defining fluid channels therebetween;
corresponding pairs of openings formed in each of said heat exchanger plates, the corresponding pairs of openings in adjacent plates aligning so as to define respective inlet and outlet manifolds for inletting and discharging a first and a second fluid through corresponding ones of said fluid channels in said heat exchanger;
wherein each heat exchanger plate defines a perimeter, and each one of said plurality of frame members comprises:
a first frame portion; and
a second frame portion;
wherein the first frame portion and the second frame portion are identical, separate, unitary members disposed in mating relationship such that one of the first frame portion and the second frame portion is rotated 180 degrees with respect to the other one of the first frame portion and the second frame portion about an axis perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the one frame member of the plurality of frame members, the first frame portion and the second frame portion being cooperatively configured and disposed between adjacent heat exchanger plates such that the mating of the first and second frame portions is with effect that a first sealing member is disposed about the perimeter of each heat exchanger plate for sealingly joining the adjacent heat exchanger plates together at their perimeters defining the fluid channels therebetween, and a second sealing member is disposed within the perimeter of the heat exchanger plate fluidly isolating each opening in one of the corresponding pairs of openings from the fluid channel defined by the first sealing member and the heat exchanger plates, the other pair of corresponding openings remaining in fluid communication with the fluid channel; and
wherein:
the first frame portion and the second frame portion are each defined by a length of material selected from the group consisting of: wire, rod and bar, the length of material being bent to form a portion of the first sealing member and a portion of the second sealing member such that each first frame portion and each second frame portion has two free ends forming two separate joints;
the length of material has a substantially constant cross-sectional shape, such that a cross-sectional shape of an entirety of the first and second sealing members and a cross-sectional shape of an entirety of the first frame portion and the second frame portion, is constant throughout; and
the mating disposition of the first frame portion and the second frame portion is with effect that a pair of first joints is disposed in the first sealing member such that a first joint is disposed between the first frame portion and the second frame portion at each junction of the first frame portion and the second frame portion, each one of the plurality of frame members further defining a pair of second joints, such that a second joint is disposed at respective junctions between the second sealing member and the first sealing member.

US Pat. No. 10,458,724

LIQUID COOLING

HEWLETT PACKARD ENTERPRIS...

1. A device to provide liquid cooling, the assembly comprising:a thermal member including an array of cooling pins extending from the thermal member;
a support member including:
an inlet channel to provide a fluid to the array of cooling pins; and
an outlet channel to receive the fluid from the array of cooling pins;
a gasket between the thermal member and the support member to form a cooling channel with a fluid tight seal therebetween; and
a thermally actuated valve connected to the support member and extending into the cooling channel to control a flow of the fluid through the cooling channel.

US Pat. No. 10,458,723

EVAPORATOR

BORGWARNER EMISSIONS SYST...

1. An evaporator for the evaporation of a first fluid by means of the heat provided by a second fluid, the second fluid being a hot gas, wherein said evaporator comprises:a first plate (1) and a second plate (2) facing one another and arranged spaced from one another, wherein each plate has a first face and a second face, wherein the first face of the first plate faces the first face of the second plate; wherein each of the plates has a length and a width and the length is along a longitudinal direction X-X?, wherein the first plate (1) comprises a plurality of cavities and the second plate (2) comprises a plurality of cavities, wherein each cavity is open through the second face of their respective plates, said cavities being defined by inner walls (1.1.1, 2.1.1); wherein at least one of said first and second plates is formed by stacking a plurality of flat elemental plates, the plurality of elemental plates including a first elemental plate having perforations to allow for the passage of heat exchange tubes and a second elemental plate having perforations including said inner walls and defining said cavities, the first elemental plate and the second elemental plate being attached to one another;
an intake manifold (4) of the first fluid and an exhaust manifold (5) of the first fluid;
a plurality of heat exchange tubes (3) wherein each of the heat exchange tubes (3) extends between one of the cavities of the first plate (1) and one of the cavities of the second plate (2), wherein each cavity of the first plate (1) is in fluid communication with two cavities of the second plate (2) via the heat exchange tubes (3), and each cavity of the second plate (2) is in fluid communication with two cavities of the first plate (1) via the heat exchange tubes (3), with the exception of one of the cavities of the first plate (1) which is in fluid communication with the intake manifold (4) and only one cavity of the second plate (2) via the heat exchange tubes (3) and one of the cavities of the second plate (2) which is in fluid communication with the exhaust manifold (5) and only one cavity of the first plate (1) via the heat exchange tubes (3);
there being a path of fluid communication from the intake manifold (4) to the exhaust manifold (5) passing through the interior of said heat exchange tubes (3) and the cavities of the first and second plates;
two side walls (6) extending between the first plate (1) and the second plate (2) housing the plurality of heat exchange tubes (3) and establishing between the two side walls and the first and second plate a space for the passage of the second fluid, wherein the second fluid enters through an inlet (I2) and exits through an outlet (O2) along the longitudinal direction X-X?; and
wherein each cavity that is not associated with the manifolds (4, 5) is closed by means of a dedicated cap (7) to define a plurality of chambers (1.1, 2.1) in the first and second plates, wherein each cap (7) has cap walls (7.1) such that following insertion of each of the dedicated caps into the corresponding cavity, the cap walls (7.1) are attached to the inner walls of said cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,458,722

LATENT HEAT STORAGE MODULE AND LATENT HEAT STORAGE APPARATUS

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A latent heat storage apparatus comprising:at least one latent heat storage module comprising a plurality of film packs configured to accommodate a phase change material, the phase change material configured to use phase change latent heat as a heat medium of room temperature (0° C. or more);
a heat storage tank configured to accommodate the at least one latent heat storage module, the heat storage tank having water flowing therein; and
a plate disposed in the heat storage tank and configured to form a channel in which the water flows,
wherein the at least one latent heat storage module further comprises:
a guide configured to fix the plurality of film packs;
a ballast configured to be fixed to the guide and prevent the film packs from floating on water; and
a hot plate disposed on a surface of at least one of the plurality of film packs and configured to suppress deformation of the at least one of the plurality of film packs,
wherein the guide has a hollow into which the ballast is inserted, and
wherein the hot plate has a plurality of hills and valleys formed thereon, so as to form channels between the plurality of hills and valleys of the hot plate and the plurality of film packs.

US Pat. No. 10,458,721

PUMPED THERMAL STORAGE CYCLES WITH RECUPERATION

Malta Inc., Cambridge, M...

1. A system configured to operate in at least a heat pump mode and a heat engine mode, the system comprising:a compressor;
a hot side heat exchanger;
a turbine;
a cold side heat exchanger;
a recuperative heat exchanger;
a working fluid;
a first closed cycle fluid path for operation of the system in the heat pump mode and configured to circulate the working fluid through, in sequence, the compressor, the hot side heat exchanger, the recuperative heat exchanger via a high pressure side of the recuperative heat exchanger, the turbine, the cold side heat exchanger, the recuperative heat exchanger via a low pressure side of the recuperative heat exchanger, and back to the compressor, wherein the working fluid in the high pressure side of the recuperative heat exchanger exchanges heat with the working fluid in the low pressure side of the recuperative heat exchanger;
a second closed cycle fluid path for operation of the system in the heat engine mode and configured to circulate the working fluid through, in sequence, the compressor, the recuperative heat exchanger via a high pressure side of the recuperative heat exchanger, the hot side heat exchanger, the turbine, the recuperative heat exchanger via a low pressure side of the recuperative heat exchanger, the cold side heat exchanger, and back to the compressor, wherein the working fluid in the high pressure side of the recuperative heat exchanger exchanges heat with the working fluid in the low pressure side of the recuperative heat exchanger; and
a plurality of valves configured to switch circulation of the working fluid between the first closed cycle fluid path for operation of the system in the heat pump mode and the second closed cycle fluid path for operation of the system in the heat engine mode.

US Pat. No. 10,458,720

HEAT TRANSFER DEVICE

FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LT...

1. A heat transfer device comprising:a heat pipe in which working fluid is enclosed, a heat receiving section being provided on one end side of the heat pipe and a heat radiating section being provided on another end side of the heat pipe, wherein
on an inner wall of the heat pipe, a first wick disposed in the heat receiving section of the heat pipe and a second wick is disposed in the heat radiating section of the heat pipe, a bent section bent between the heat receiving section and the heat radiating section is provided, a boundary section between the first wick and the second wick is disposed below the bent section in a gravity direction, and the heat receiving section is disposed above the bent section in a direction of a pull of gravity,
the working fluid is stored in a liquid reservoir that includes the second wick and the boundary section between the first wick and the second wick, the liquid reservoir being formed at a lowest point of the bent section in the direction of the pull of gravity,
an end portion of the first wick is directly connected to an end portion of the second wick at the boundary section between the first wick and the second wick,
the boundary section corresponds to a lower part of the bent section in the direction of the pull of gravity, the first wick and the second wick always being soaked by the working fluid in the liquid reservoir,
capillary pressure in the first wick causes some of the working fluid to reflux to the heat receiving section, and
capillary pressure in the second wick causes some of the working fluid to be supplied to the first wick.

US Pat. No. 10,458,719

HIGH PERFORMANCE TWO-PHASE COOLING APPARATUS

PiMEMS, Inc., Santa Barb...

1. A thermal ground plane, comprising:a metal substrate comprising a plurality of microstructures formed in the metal substrate, forming a wicking structure having the plurality of microstructures;
a vapor cavity, in communication with the wicking structure and the plurality of microstructures;
at least one intermediate substrate with a plurality of protrusions, wherein the plurality of protrusions are directly coupled to each other by at least one cross-member disposed internal to the vapor cavity on the opposite side of the at least one intermediate substrate relative to the metal substrate, and wherein the plurality of protrusions is shaped to increase the effective aspect ratio of the wicking structure by fitting into the plurality of microstructures of the wicking structure in at least one region of the wicking structure; and
a fluid contained within the thermal ground plane for transporting thermal energy from at least one region of the thermal ground plane to another region of the thermal ground plane, wherein the fluid is driven by capillary forces in at least two orthogonal directions, along the microstructures and along the at least one cross member.

US Pat. No. 10,458,718

AIRTIGHT PENETRATION STRUCTURE FOR HEAT DISSIPATION DEVICE

ASIA VITAL COMPONENTS CO....

1. An airtight penetration structure for a heat dissipation device, comprising:a first plate member having a first side and a second side, and being provided with a plurality of first fastening holes; and the first fastening holes respectively extending from the first side to the second side to penetrate the first plate member;
a second plate member having a third side and a fourth side, and being provided with a plurality of second fastening holes; the second fastening holes respectively extending from the third side to the fourth side to penetrate the second plate member; and the first and the second plate member being closed to each other with the first side facing toward the third side, such that a closed chamber is defined between the first and the second plate member; and
a plurality of hollow cylindrical shaft members respectively being provided at two opposed free ends with a first flange and a second flange, wherein the first and second flanges each extend radially outward, perpendicular to an axis of each hollow shaft member, and are similar in size and shape such that each hollow shaft member is radially and axially symmetrical; the hollow shaft members being correspondingly extended through the first and the second fastening holes with the first and the second flanges attached to and flush with the second side of the first plate member and the fourth side of the second plate member, respectively, to seal around the first and the second fastening holes.

US Pat. No. 10,458,717

FLEXIBLE HEAT SINK THERMOELECTIVE DEVICE

Magna Seating Inc, Auror...

1. A flexible heat sink comprising:a flexible base having a first side configured to engage a heat generating component, and a second side opposite the first side;
a plurality of groups of fins, each fin extending from the second side of the base; and
the groups of fins positioned in an array and spaced apart lengthwise and width wise across the base, enabling the heat sink to flex lengthwise and width wise between the groups of fins; wherein
each fin comprises first and second walls extending from the second side of the base and parallel to each other, a first panel parallel to the base, the first panel connecting an outer end of the first wall to an outer end of the second wall to define a rectangular shaped channel, a plurality of second panels parallel and adjacent to the second side of the base, each second panel connecting an inner end of the second wall of one fin to an inner end of the first wall of an adjacent fin, and wherein each lengthwise section of groups comprises fins constructed from a single piece of material and wherein the second panel connecting fins of adjacent groups is longer than the second panels connecting adjacent fins within each group.

US Pat. No. 10,458,716

CONFORMAL THERMAL GROUND PLANES

Roccor, LLC, Longmont, C...

1. A conformal heat pipe system comprising:a circuit board;
a plurality of components on the circuit board, wherein the plurality of components include:
a first component with at least a first height with respect to the circuit board or a first shape;
a second component with a second height with respect to the circuit board or a second shape, wherein at least the second height or the second shape is different from at least the first height or the first shape; and
a third component with at least the second height with respect to the circuit board or the second shape;
a first conformal containment layer;
a second conformal containment layer, wherein the first conformal containment layer and the second conformal containment layer each includes a plurality of kinked portions forming a plurality of angled corners such that a first portion of the second conformal containment layer makes contact with the first component with at least the first height or the first shape and a second portion of the second conformal containment layer makes contact with the second component with at least the second height or the second shape and a third portion of the second conformal containment layer makes contact with the third component with at least the second height or the second shape, wherein the plurality of kinked portions include at least four kinked portions that each form 90 degree angles such that at least a first kinked portion from the plurality of kinked portions of the second conformal containment layer and a second kinked portion from the plurality of kinked portions of the second conformal containment layer separate the first portion of the second conformal containment layer and the second portion of the second conformal containment layer and at least a third kinked portion from the plurality of kinked portions of the second conformal containment layer and a fourth kinked portion from the plurality of kinked portions of the second conformal containment layer separate the first portion of the second conformal containment layer and the third portion of the second conformal containment layer;
a conformal vapor cavity disposed between the first conformal containment layer and the second conformal containment layer; and
a conformal liquid cavity disposed between the first conformal containment layer and the second conformal containment layer, wherein the conformal liquid cavity includes a working fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,458,715

HEAT EXCHANGER

HS MARSTON AEROSPACE LIMI...

1. A heat exchanger comprising:a first plurality of layers, each of the first plurality of layers including:
a corrugated sheet comprising a series of regular corrugations across its width for flow of liquid therethrough, the series of corrugations having a predetermined period; and
a de-congealing channel for flow of liquid across the width of the corrugated sheet in parallel with the corrugations, the de-congealing channel formed at least in part by two adjacent corrugations that are separated by greater than the predetermined period.

US Pat. No. 10,458,714

HEAT EXCHANGER ASSEMBLY

HAMILTON SUNDSTRAND CORPO...

1. A heat exchanger assembly, comprising:a shell having a core disposed therein, the core being provided with a plurality of first fluid channels and a plurality of second fluid channels;
a plurality of first feed channels extending towards and fluidly connected to the plurality of first fluid channels; and
a plurality of second feed channels extending towards and fluidly connected to the plurality of second fluid channels, the plurality of first feed channels being interwoven with the plurality of second feed channels,
wherein the core is a spherical core.

US Pat. No. 10,458,713

REFRIGERANT HEAT EXCHANGER

MAYEKAWA MFG. CO., LTD., ...

1. A refrigerant heat exchanger, comprising:a hollow container, having a cylindrical shape;
a plate stack, disposed on an inner lower side of the hollow container, and the plate stack including: plates, each having a front side and a back side with a plurality of concavo-convex portions formed thereon, and the plates are stacked to form a plurality of first heat exchange flow passages through which a first refrigerant flows and a plurality of second heat exchange flow passages through which a second refrigerant flows;
a supply pipe, disposed in an interior space of the hollow container above the plate stack and configured to supply the first refrigerant to the plate stack; and
a discharge pipe, configured to exchange heat between the first refrigerant supplied from the supply pipe and the second refrigerant flowing through the plate stack and to discharge the first refrigerant,
wherein a lower side of the plates of the plate stack has a semi-circular shape along and adjacent to an inner wall surface of the hollow container,
wherein an upper side of the plates has a flattened shape having a greater curvature radius than a curvature radius of the semi-circular shape,
wherein a second introduction hole which extends in a plate-stacking direction and into which the second refrigerant is introduced is disposed in an upper portion of the plate stack, and a second lead-out hole which extends in the plate-stacking direction and from which the second refrigerant is led out is disposed in a lower portion of the plate stack,
wherein each of the second heat exchange flow passages comprises: a condensing flow passage extending linearly toward a side portion of the plates downward from the second introduction hole, in a view in the plate-stacking direction; and a discharge flow passage connected with the condensing flow passage via a bend portion and extending linearly toward the second lead-out hole downward, in the view in the plate-stacking direction,
wherein the first heat exchange flow passage is formed so as to extend toward an end portion, with respect to a width direction, of the plates upward from the second lead-out hole, in the view in the plate-stacking direction,
wherein an inclination angle of an extending direction of the condensing flow passage is smaller than an inclination angle of an extending direction of the discharge flow passage, and
wherein the condensing flow passages of two or more of the second heat exchange flow passages are arranged one above the other between the second introduction hole and the second lead-out hole positioned below the second introduction hole.

US Pat. No. 10,458,712

THERMOCHEMICAL REGENERATION WITH OXIDANT PREHEATING

PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY, INC.,...

1. A method of carrying out combustion in a furnace, comprising(A) combusting fuel in a furnace to produce gaseous combustion products, and
(B) alternately (1) (i) passing a first amount of gaseous combustion products from the furnace into and through a cooled first regenerator that has been cooled in step (B)(2)(iv) to heat said first regenerator and cool said first amount of gaseous combustion products that is passed into said first regenerator,
(ii) passing a second amount of gaseous combustion products from the furnace into and through a cooled second regenerator that has been cooled in step (B)(2)(v) to heat said second regenerator and cool said second amount of gaseous combustion products that is passed into said second regenerator,
(iii) passing reforming fuel with cooled gaseous combustion products that have been cooled in said first regenerator, with cooled gaseous combustion products that have been cooled in said second regenerator, or with cooled gaseous combustion products that have been cooled in said first regenerator and with cooled gaseous combustion products that have been cooled in said second regenerator, into a heated third regenerator that has been heated in step (B)(2)(i),
(iv) reacting the gaseous combustion products and the reforming fuel that have been passed into said third regenerator in step (B)(1)(iii) in said third regenerator in an endothermic reaction under conditions effective to form syngas comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide, and thereby cooling said third regenerator,
(v) passing gaseous oxidant into and through a heated fourth regenerator that has been heated in step (B)(2)(ii) to heat the gaseous oxidant that is passed into said heated fourth regenerator and cool said fourth regenerator, and
(vi) passing said syngas that is formed in step (B)(1)(iv) from said third regenerator into said furnace, passing said heated gaseous oxidant that is heated in step (B)(1)(v) from said fourth regenerator into the furnace, and combusting said syngas and said heated gaseous oxidant in the furnace;
while maintaining the difference in temperatures of the combustion products passing out of said first and second regenerators at 300 F or less; and
(2) (i) passing a first amount of gaseous combustion products from the furnace into and through a cooled third regenerator that has been cooled in step (B)(1)(iv) to heat said third regenerator and cool said first amount of gaseous combustion products that is passed into said third regenerator,
(ii) passing a second amount of gaseous combustion products from the furnace into and through a cooled fourth regenerator that has been cooled in step (B)(1)(v) to heat said fourth regenerator and cool said second amount of gaseous combustion products that is passed into said fourth regenerator,
(iii) passing reforming fuel with cooled gaseous combustion products that have been cooled in said third regenerator, with cooled gaseous combustion products that have been cooled in said fourth regenerator, or with cooled gaseous combustion products that have been cooled in said first regenerator and with cooled gaseous combustion products that have been cooled in said fourth regenerator, into a heated first regenerator that has been heated in step (B)(1)(i),
(iv) reacting the gaseous combustion products and the reforming fuel that have been passed into the first regenerator in step (B)(2)(iii) in said first regenerator in an endothermic reaction under conditions effective to form syngas comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide, and thereby cooling said first regenerator,
(v) passing gaseous oxidant into and through a heated second regenerator that has been heated in step (B)(1)(ii) to heat the gaseous oxidant that is passed into said heated second regenerator and cool said second regenerator, and
(vi) passing said syngas that is formed in step (B)(2)(iv) from said first regenerator into said furnace, passing said heated gaseous oxidant that is heated in step (B)(2)(v) from the second regenerator into the furnace, and combusting said syngas and said heated gaseous oxidant in the furnace;
while maintaining the difference in temperatures of the combustion products passing out of said third and fourth regenerators at 300 F or less.

US Pat. No. 10,458,711

COMBINED FAN AND EJECTOR COOLING

Quintus Technologies AB, ...

1. A pressing arrangement for treatment of at least one article by hot isostatic pressing, the pressing arrangement comprising a pressure vessel including:a furnace chamber comprising a furnace, wherein the furnace chamber is at least in part surrounded by a heat insulated casing, and wherein the furnace chamber includes a load compartment configured to hold at least one article to be treated, wherein the load compartment is arranged so as to allow for a flow of pressure medium through the load compartment; and
at least two flow generators arranged for generating the flow of pressure medium into the load compartment, wherein the flow of pressure medium into the load compartment is generated by transporting pressure medium upwards from a space below a bottom insulating portion and above a bottom end portion of the pressure vessel and injecting the pressure medium into the load compartment by way of a transport pipe having an inlet arranged within the space, a section coupled to the inlet and extending through the bottom insulating portion, and an outlet coupled to the section;
wherein the at least two flow generators comprise
a primary flow generator arranged below the bottom insulating portion, and
a secondary flow generator arranged in relation to the primary flow generator so as to receive the flow of pressure medium generated by the primary flow generator and generate the flow of pressure medium into the load compartment,
with the primary flow generator comprising a primary lower bell-mouth end of an intermediate pipe and a nozzle for delivering the pressure medium to the primary lower bell-mouth end of the intermediate pipe, and with the secondary flow generator comprising a secondary lower bell-mouth end aligned with the inlet of the transport pipe and receiving the pressure medium delivered by the intermediate pipe of the primary flow generator.

US Pat. No. 10,458,710

SUPPLY PLENUM FOR CENTER-TO-ENDS FIBER OXIDATION OVEN

Illinois Tool Works Inc.,...

1. An oven for heating fibers, the oven comprising:a supply structure disposed within the oven between first and second ends of the oven, the supply structure comprising a plurality of plenums, wherein the plenums are in fluid communication with a heating system;
wherein a first one of the plenums is configured to receive heated gas from the heating system via the supply structure and comprises:
a pair of side walls, a bottom wall, and a top wall;
first openings formed in the respective side walls of the first one of the plenums;
one or more second openings formed in at least one of the top wall or the bottom wall of the first one of the plenums; and
at least one squash baffle configured to direct a first portion of the heated gas into the chamber uniformly from the first openings and having one or more squash-baffle openings, the at least one squash baffle dividing the first one of the plenums into at least two volumes, wherein the first one of the volumes is configured to supply a first portion of heated gas from the heating system into the chamber from the first openings and a second one of the volumes configured to supply a second portion of the heated gas into the chamber through the one or more second openings of said at least one plenum, the at least one squash baffle configured to pass the second portion of the heated gas through the one or more squash-baffle openings, wherein the first one of the plenums, wherein said one or more second openings formed in said at least one of the top wall or the bottom wall of said at least one plenum comprises:
at least one slot formed in said at least one of the top wall or the bottom wall of said at least one plenum; and
a structure having a rounded surface positioned in the slot flush with said at least one of the top wall or the bottom wall of said at least one plenum, wherein the structure is configured to induce the Coanda effect in the second portion of the heated gas.

US Pat. No. 10,458,709

SEMICONDUCTOR WAFER SUPPORT RING FOR HEAT TREATMENT

GlobalWafters Co., Ltd., ...

1. A support ring for supporting a semiconductor wafer in a boat of a vertical furnace used in processing of the semiconductor wafer, the support ring comprising:a semicircular segment having an upper surface, a lower surface opposite the upper surface, a radial inner wall defining an inner radius, and a radial outer wall defining an outer radius; and
protrusions extending from the upper surface of the semicircular segment and defining a single plane to support the semiconductor wafer such that the semiconductor wafer does not contact the upper surface, wherein the protrusions are spaced equidistant from a center of the support ring and are spaced along an arc, wherein the radial inner wall defines an inner radius and the radial outer wall defines an outer radius, the arc having a radius greater than the inner radius and less than the outer radius, and wherein the protrusions are substantially closer to the radial inner wall than to the radial outer wall, the upper surface being free of any protrusions between the arc and the radial outer wall.

US Pat. No. 10,458,708

TRANSFERRING MOLTEN METAL FROM ONE STRUCTURE TO ANOTHER

Molten Metal Equipment In...

1. A system for transferring molten metal from a vessel, the vessel comprising molten metal having a surface, at least a first chamber and a second chamber, each of which includes molten metal therein, the first chamber and second chamber being separated by a dividing wall including an opening beneath the surface, the system further comprising:a pump having a pump base fully submerged in the molten metal during operation, the pump base having a pump chamber and a top opening through which molten metal enters the pump chamber during operation, and an outlet through which molten metal exits the pump base; the pump configured to fit into the first chamber such that at least some molten metal exiting the outlet moves through the opening in the dividing wall and into the second chamber in order to raise the level of molten metal in the second chamber to a level at which molten metal flows out of the second chamber; and
a degasser in one or both of the first chamber and second chamber, wherein the degasser is operated to degas the molten metal.

US Pat. No. 10,458,707

FURNACE TUNNELS AND ASSEMBLY SYSTEM

BD Energy Systems, LLC, ...

1. A furnace tunnel defining a flow channel for flue gas from a firebox to pass to an open end of the furnace tunnel, comprising:a longitudinal refractory structure separating the flow channel from the firebox, wherein the refractory structure comprises blocks;
a plurality of ports formed in the refractory structure for the flue gas to enter the flow channel from the firebox, wherein the ports are integrally formed in the blocks;
a regular spacing pattern of the ports along the length of the refractory structure; and
passages through the respective ports providing relatively varied flow conductivities to control flue gas entry into the flow channel, wherein perforated inserts are received in the ports, and wherein perforations in the perforated inserts define cross-sectional flow areas through the respective passages that are less than a cross-sectional area of the respective ports.

US Pat. No. 10,458,706

COSMETIC MAKEUP SPONGE/BLENDER CONTAINER

NYC Designed Inspirations...

1. A cosmetic sponge drying and storage container comprising:a first component forming a first portion of said container;
a second component forming a second portion of said container, said second component being moveable with respect to said first component to position said container in at least an open condition and a closed condition;
wherein one or both of said first component and said second component includes apertures, said apertures providing cross-ventilation when said container is in said closed condition; and,
wherein said first component and said second component are shaped such that a cosmetic sponge may be placed within either when said container is in said open condition.

US Pat. No. 10,458,703

METHOD FOR LIQUID-VAPOR CONTACTING IN A MASS TRANSFER COLUMN USING MULTIPLE PASS, PARALLEL FLOW DOWNCOMER TRAYS

PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY, INC.,...

1. A method for liquid-vapor contacting in a mass transfer column, the method comprising the steps of:(a) directing a descending liquid to a plurality of multiple pass, parallel flow downcomer trays arranged in a stacked orientation within the mass transfer column, each multiple pass, parallel flow downcomer tray comprising:
(i) a tray surface defining a plurality of liquid receiving pans, and at least four mass transfer decks having a plurality of apertures, wherein each mass transfer deck being disposed adjacent to at least two other mass transfer decks; and
(ii) a plurality of downcomers configured for collecting and discharging the descending liquid, the plurality of downcomers each having an opening at a collection location for collecting the descending liquid from one or more of the mass transfer decks,
a ramp-like channel for discharging the collected descending liquid to one of the plurality of liquid receiving pans on another of the plurality of multiple pass, parallel flow downcomer trays, wherein the collected descending liquid is discharged from each downcomer at a discharge location below the tray surface that is not vertically aligned with the collection location of the opening of the downcomer;
(b) directing an ascending vapor through the mass transfer column to the plurality of multiple pass, parallel flow downcomer trays and through the plurality of apertures on the mass transfer decks;
(c) contacting the ascending vapor passing through the apertures and the descending liquid on the mass transfer decks of each of the plurality of multiple pass, parallel flow downcomer trays;
wherein there are multiple liquid flows on the mass transfer decks of each of the plurality of multiple pass, parallel flow downcomer trays and the liquid flows are in a parallel type flow path in vertically successive mass transfer decks of adjacent multiple pass, parallel flow downcomer trays to achieve a Lewis Case 2 type flow arrangement through the mass transfer column.

US Pat. No. 10,458,702

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR THE LOW-TEMPERATURE SEPARATION OF AIR AT VARIABLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION

LINDE AKTINGESELLSCHAFT, ...

1. A method for obtaining a pressurized-gas product by means of the low-temperature separation of air in a distillation column system, which has a high-pressure column and a low-pressure column, said method comprising:compressing feed air, containing at least 78 mol % of nitrogen, in a main air compressor from an inlet pressure to a first pressure, wherein said first pressure is at least 4 bar higher than an operating pressure of the high-pressure column, said feed air constituting a first process stream and wherein said main air compressor is a multi-stage compressor,
cooling a first partial stream of the compressed feed air in the main air compressor to an intermediate temperature in a main heat exchanger and expanding the cooled first partial stream in a first air turbine whereby work is performed,
introducing at least a first part of the expanded first partial stream into the distillation column system,
compressing a second partial stream of the compressed feed air from the main air compressor to a second pressure, which is higher than the first pressure, in a first booster air compressor, which is driven by the first air turbine, cooling the compressed second partial stream in the main heat exchanger, and subsequently expanding the second partial stream and introducing the second partial stream into the distillation column system,
removing a first product stream in liquid form from the distillation column system and increasing the pressure of the first product stream to a first product pressure,
evaporating or pseudo-evaporating the first product stream under the first product pressure and warming the first product stream in the main heat exchanger,
removing the warmed first product stream as first pressurized-gas product, and
wherein, in a first operating mode, a first amount of said first pressurized-gas product is obtained, and a first amount of a second process stream containing at least 78 mol % of nitrogen is mixed with the first process stream downstream of a first stage of the multi-stage compressor, wherein said second process stream is a part of the expanded first partial stream, and wherein said first amount of said second process stream can be zero, and
wherein, in a second operating mode, a second amount of said first pressurized-gas product is obtained, wherein said second amount of said first pressurized-gas product is smaller than said first amount of said first pressurized-gas product, and a second amount of said second process stream is mixed with the first process stream downstream of a first stage of the multi-stage compressor, wherein said second amount of said second process stream is greater than said first amount of the second process stream.

US Pat. No. 10,458,701

METHOD FOR FRACTIONATING A STREAM OF CRACKED GAS, USING AN INTERMEDIATE RECIRCULATION CURRENT, AND RELATED PLANT

TECHNIP FRANCE, Courbevo...

1. A method for fractionating a stream of cracked gas from a hydrocarbon pyrolysis plant to obtain an ethylene-rich cut and a C2+ hydrocarbon-lean fuel stream, the method comprising:compressing the stream of raw cracked gas in at least one compressor of a cooling and compression stage to form a compressed cracked gas stream;
upstream cooling and partial condensing, in at least one an upstream heat exchanger, of an upstream stream of cracked gas, obtained from the compressed cracked gas stream, and separation of an upstream liquid in at least one upstream balloon to form an intermediate stream of cracked gas pre-cooled at a first temperature;
intermediate cooling and partial condensing of the intermediate stream of cracked gas in an intermediate heat exchanger and separation of an intermediate liquid in an intermediate separating balloon to form a downstream stream of cracked gas cooled to a second temperature lower than the first temperature;
downstream cooling and partial condensing of the downstream stream of cracked gas in at least one downstream heat exchanger to a third temperature lower than the second temperature;
introducing the downstream stream of partially condensed cracked gas from the downstream heat exchanger in a downstream separator;
recovering, at the head of the downstream separator a gas stream of high-pressure fuel, lean in C2+ hydrocarbons, and recovering, at the bottom of the downstream separator, a downstream liquid, rich in C2+ hydrocarbons;
passing of the stream of high-pressure fuel through the downstream exchanger and the intermediate exchanger to form a heated high-pressure fuel stream;
expanding the heated high-pressure fuel stream in at least one first dynamic expansion device to obtain a stream of partially expanded fuel;
heating of the stream of partially expanded fuel through the downstream exchanger and the intermediate exchanger;
treating at least one liquid stream obtained during the upstream cooling, intermediate cooling and downstream cooling to form the ethylene-rich cut;
forming an expanded intermediate recirculation stream from a liquid obtained during the upstream cooling and/or intermediate cooling, upstream from the downstream cooling;
circulating the expanded intermediate recirculation stream at least in the upstream heat exchanger to cool the upstream stream of cracked gas;
reintroducing the reheated intermediate recirculation stream in the raw cracked gas upstream from at least one compressor of the at least one compressor of the cooling and compression stage, the upstream, intermediate and downstream cooling being carried out without heat exchange respectively of the upstream stream of cracked gas, the intermediate stream of cracked gas and the downstream stream of cracked gas with an external refrigeration cycle, wherein passing the stream of high-pressure fuel through the downstream exchanger and the intermediate exchanger includes passing the stream of high-pressure fuel through the downstream exchanger and the intermediate exchanger without passing the stream of high-pressure fuel through the upstream heat exchanger between the head of the downstream separator and the at least one first dynamic expansion turbine.

US Pat. No. 10,458,700

COOLING APPARATUS

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A cooling apparatus, comprising:a base configured to be fixedly or separably mounted on or in a storage compartment of a refrigerator or a door that opens and closes the storage compartment;
an agitation tray disposed on a top surface of the base and configured to perform an agitating motion;
a container holder configured to receive a plurality of objects to be cooled vertically stacked on each other, wherein the container holder is fixedly or separably mounted on the agitation tray;
an agitation drive connected to the agitation tray to transmit power to provide an agitating motion to the agitation tray;
a fan that supplies cool air to cool the plurality of objects; and
a duct that guides cool air supplied by the fan toward the plurality of objects, wherein the container holder comprises:
a front frame;
a rear frame; and
a connection frame that connects the front frame to the rear frame, wherein a plurality of container supports that support the plurality of objects protrude from inner side surfaces of each of the front and rear frames, wherein the plurality of container supports are vertically spaced a predetermined distance from each other so that the plurality of objects are vertically stacked within the container holder, wherein the agitation tray performs the agitating motion on a substantially horizontal plane in a state in which the agitation tray is disposed on the base, and wherein a discharge grill is vertically disposed at a side edge portion of the agitation tray to spray cool air in a direction substantially perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of each of the plurality of objects disposed in the container holder.

US Pat. No. 10,458,699

REFRIGERATOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a cabinet forming a storage compartment;
a rear panel forming a rear wall of the storage compartment and having at least one cooling air outlet hole which discharges cooling air toward the storage compartment;
a fan housing coupled to the rear panel and in which a fan configured to generate a circulation of the cooling air is installed;
an outlet port which is formed at the fan housing and discharges the cooling air supplied by driving of the fan; and
a drawer movable in a prescribed direction from inside of the storage compartment, wherein, the drawer includes:
a drawer body forming a storage space; and
a cooling air duct provided above the drawer body, the cooling air duct including:
a first cover;
a second cover which is coupled to a lower side of the first cover and shields at least a part of an open upper portion of the drawer body; and
a coupler extending from the first cover towards the second cover to divide an inner space between the first cover and the second cover into a first space and a second space;
wherein the first space comprises a cooling air path in communication with the outlet port; and the second space comprises an air layer, and
wherein the second cover includes:
a guide surface which forms a bottom of the first space and guides a flow of the cooling air which was discharged from the outlet port along the cooling air path;
a communication port which introduces the cooling air flowing through the cooling air path to the drawer body, the communication port being located between the guide surface and the coupler;
a step that is stepped from the guide surface toward the communication port; and
at least one rib provided at a side of the outlet port, the at least one rib protruding upward from the step.

US Pat. No. 10,458,698

REFRIGERATOR

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a housing comprising a storage compartment;
a first door and a second door configured to open or close the storage compartment;
a rotating bar rotatably mounted to the first door and configured to cover a gap formed between the first door and the second door while the first door and the second door close the storage compartment; and
a guide part provided at the housing and configured to guide rotating of the rotating bar,
wherein the rotating bar is located at:
a first position vertical to the first door when the first door opens the storage compartment, and
a second position parallel to the first door and lower in relation to the door than the first position when the first door closes the storage compartment; and
wherein the rotating bar comprises:
a hinge member accommodated in a hinge accommodation portion of the rotating bar and including:
a shaft configured to allow the rotating bar to rotate between the first position and the second position; and
a protrusion radially protruded from the shaft; and
a shaft cover configured to cover the shaft of the hinge member and including an incline portion formed to incline downward along a direction in which the rotating bar rotates when pivoting from the first position to the second position,
wherein the protrusion slides downwardly on the incline portion while the rotating bar pivots from the first position to the second position, the rotating bar is lowered in height and guided by the guide part to rotate.

US Pat. No. 10,458,697

REFRIGERATOR

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a main body having a storage chamber;
a door rotatably coupled with a front surface of the main body to open or close the storage chamber;
a case fixed on a rear surface of the door, a rear surface of the case facing the rear surface of the door, and a front part of the case having an opening;
a container removably accommodated in an inside of the case; and
a sliding apparatus that enables the container to be slideably inserted into or pulled out of the case through the opening,
wherein the sliding apparatus comprises:
a guide portion formed in both sides of a bottom of the container,
a pair of guide rails disposed in the case to guide the guide portion, and
a respective separating portion in the front end of each of the pair of the guide rails and having a width that is wider than a width of each of the pair of the guide rails, wherein an upper part of the separating portion opens, and wherein the width of the respective separating portion increases from a rear end of the guide rail toward the front end of the guide rail.

US Pat. No. 10,458,696

OPENING SYSTEM FOR A STORAGE BIN ASSEMBLY

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A storage bin assembly for a refrigerator comprising:a base portion having opposed first and second outer end sidewalls upwardly extending from the base portion to define a storage space therebetween;
a flap having a front face and an inner surface and first and second hinge arms outwardly extending from the inner surface of the flap, wherein one of the first hinge arm and the second hinge arm includes a receiving member, and further wherein the first and second hinge arms further include first and second arm flaps, respectively, extending orthogonally from the first and second hinge arms, wherein the first and second arm flaps are pivotally coupled to the first and the second outer end sidewalls, respectively, such that the flap rotates between open and closed positions relative to the storage space, wherein the flap is positioned beneath the base portion when the flap is in the open position;
a top cover coupled to a receiving slot portion of the first and the second outer end sidewalls, wherein the top cover includes a holding member extending outwardly from an inner surface of the top cover;
a first magnetic member received in the holding member; and
a second magnetic member positioned in the receiving member to selectively engage the first magnetic member to define a magnetic connection therebetween when the flap is in the closed position.

US Pat. No. 10,458,695

REFRIGERATOR

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a cabinet;
an inner case that is located in the cabinet and that defines a storage chamber;
a first door rotatably coupled to the cabinet and configured to open and close a first side of the storage chamber;
a second door rotatably coupled to the cabinet and configured to open and close a second side of the storage chamber, the second door comprising a pillar that is configured to rotate relative to the second door and that is configured to contact the first door based on the first and second doors being closed and the pillar being oriented in an unfolded state;
a driving member that is located at a lower end of the second door, that is configured to move together with the second door, and that is configured to rotate the pillar toward the second door to a folded state or away from the second door to the unfolded state,
wherein the pillar comprises a first protrusion and a second protrusion that are configured to selectively couple to the driving member, and
wherein the pillar is positioned spaced apart from an upper wall and a lower wall of the inner case without contacting the inner case in a state in which the second door closes the second side of the storage chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,458,694

APPARATUS FOR SENSING AND REMOVING DEW ON REFRIGERATOR AND CONTROLLING METHOD THEREOF

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. An apparatus for sensing and removing dew on a refrigerator, comprising:a heater disposed at a refrigerator body or inside a surface of a door; and
a sensor disposed in close proximity to the heater, and configured to sense dew formed on a prescribed surface at the refrigerator body or the door, wherein the sensor is disposed physically separate from the prescribed surface to sense formation of dew on the prescribed surface,
wherein the heater is controlled to generate heat that removes the sensed dew on the prescribed surface based on a signal from the sensor, and
wherein the sensor includes:
a carbon-micro-coil (CMC) sensor having a carbon micro coil that undergoes a physical change in response to a reaction with dew formed within a preset distance; and
a substrate disposed at the CMC sensor, and the substrate having an electrode configured to transmit a dielectric value measured according to the physical change of the CMC sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,458,693

REFRIGERATOR

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A refrigerator, comprising:a main body;
a storage compartment provided in the main body;
a door rotatably coupled to the main body;
a first ice making compartment configured to generate and store ice, and provided in the main body;
a second ice making compartment provided in the door and configured to crush ice by a crushing device, disposed in the second ice making compartment; and
a transfer device configured to transfer the ice in the first ice making compartment to the second ice making compartment;
wherein the crushing device is disposed to be inclined such that the ice of the second ice making compartment is transferred upward.

US Pat. No. 10,458,692

ICE MAKING MACHINE AND ICE CUBE EVAPORATOR

Hoshizaki America, Inc., ...

16. A method of manufacturing an evaporator, the method comprising:forming front and rear plates of the evaporator from respective flat plates, each of the front and rear plates further comprising:
a plurality of ice forming columns;
a set of first protrusions defined in the respective ice forming columns;
a set of second protrusions defined in the respective ice forming columns; and
inner flat portions;
sandwiching a refrigerant conduit of the evaporator between the front and rear plates, the refrigerant conduit extending through each of the active cavities but not extending through any of the passive cavities, each first protrusion on the front plate facing a respective first protrusion on the rear plate to define a respective active cavity and each second protrusion on the front plate facing a respective second protrusion on the rear plate to define a respective passive cavity, the active and passive cavities being interspersed and separated by the respective inner flat portions so as to define a plurality of ice forming sites in the ice forming columns of the respective plate; and
spacing each inner flat portion of the front plate from a respective inner flat portion of the rear plate to define a respective spaced portion, each inner flat portion of the front plate facing a respective inner flat portion of the rear plate.

US Pat. No. 10,458,691

CONTROLLING AIR CONDITIONER MODES

Lennox Industries Inc., ...

8. An air conditioner comprising:a compressor comprising at least two speeds;
an evaporator fan; and
a controller configured to:
receive a request for operation of the air conditioner;
determine a compressor speed for a compressor of the air conditioner; and
determine, based on the determined compressor speed, a mode of the air conditioner to allow, wherein determining a mode to allow comprises:
allowing a cooling mode if the determined compressor speed is greater than a predetermined first speed;
allowing the cooling mode and a dehumidifying mode if the determined compressor speed is less than the predetermined first speed and if the determined compressor speed is greater than a predetermined second speed; and
allowing only the dehumidifying mode if the determined compressor speed is less than the predetermined second speed and a relative humidity is greater than a predetermined relative humidity value.

US Pat. No. 10,458,689

REFRIGERATION CYCLE APPARATUS AND REFRIGERATION CYCLE SYSTEM

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A refrigeration cycle apparatus, comprising:a refrigeration cycle configured to circulate refrigerant;
a heat exchanger unit configured to accommodate at least a heat exchanger of the refrigeration cycle; and
a controller configured to control the heat exchanger unit,
the heat exchanger unit comprising
an air-blowing fan, and
a refrigerant detector configured to detect a concentration of leaked refrigerant and to output a detection signal to the controller, and
the controller being configured to operate the air-blowing fan when detecting leakage of the refrigerant, and to stop the air-blowing fan after a temporal change of the concentration of the leaked refrigerant changes from positive to negative, wherein
the controller is configured to operate the stopped air-blowing fan again after the temporal change of the concentration of the leaked refrigerant becomes positive from negative, and
the temporal change of the concentration of refrigerant includes continuously detecting the concentration of the refrigerant with predetermined time intervals from an initial detection of refrigerant leakage.

US Pat. No. 10,458,688

FROST MANAGEMENT OF AN EVAPORATOR

Honeywell International I...

1. A controller for frost management of an evaporator, the controller comprising:a memory;
a processor configured to execute executable instructions stored in the memory to:
receive operating information of a heat pump;
determine a first set point of at least one of a number of components of the heat pump and a first operating temperature of the evaporator that corresponds to operation of the heat pump at a first operating energy efficiency based on the operating information of the heat pump and corresponds to a first heating interval length of the heat pump, wherein the first operating energy efficiency is a highest instantaneous energy efficiency of the heat pump;
receive a second operating temperature of the evaporator that is positively offset from the first operating temperature of the evaporator associated with the operating information of the heat pump;
determine a second set point of at least one of the number of components of the heat pump that corresponds to an operation of the heat pump at a second operating energy efficiency corresponding to the second operating temperature of the evaporator of the heat pump based on the operating information of the heat pump, wherein the second operating energy efficiency is lower than the first operating energy efficiency; and
modify a set point of at least one of the number of components of the heat pump to the second set point such that a heating mode of the heat pump is enabled for a second heating interval length of the heat pump.

US Pat. No. 10,458,687

VAPOR COMPRESSION SYSTEM

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration (HVAC&R) system comprising:a refrigerant loop;
a compressor disposed along the refrigerant loop and configured to circulate refrigerant through the refrigerant loop, wherein the compressor comprises an inlet extending from an external surface of a housing of the compressor; and
an evaporator disposed along the refrigerant loop and configured to place the refrigerant in thermal communication with a cooling fluid, wherein the refrigerant surrounds a tube bundle disposed in the evaporator, the tube bundle is configured to flow the cooling fluid, the evaporator comprises a discharge extending from an exterior surface of a shell of the evaporator, wherein the discharge is configured to direct the vapor refrigerant from the evaporator to the inlet of the compressor, and an interface between the discharge and the inlet, wherein the interface, the discharge, and the inlet are without a bend.

US Pat. No. 10,458,686

REFRIGERANT COOLING AND LUBRICATION SYSTEM WITH REFRIGERANT VAPOR VENT LINE

TRANE INTERNATIONAL INC.,...

10. A method of lubricating an HVAC unit comprising:directing a flow of refrigerant into a refrigerant cooling and lubrication assembly, the step of directing a flow of refrigerant includes directing refrigerant into at least one of a condenser source line and an evaporator source line and then directing the refrigerant into a refrigerant pump line and through a refrigerant pump;
removing vapor in a refrigerant cooling and lubrication assembly, the step of removing vapor comprises directing the flow of refrigerant through a volute casing of the refrigerant pump, where the volute casing is configured with a mass suitable to reduce the amount of refrigerant vapor present in the refrigerant pump line, the step of directing the flow of refrigerant through the volute casing includes lowering a temperature inside the refrigerant pump relative to the flow of refrigerant present in the refrigerant pump line; and
lubricating at least one of a motor and a drive of a compressor by delivering refrigerant from an outlet of the refrigerant pump and refrigerant pump line of the refrigerant cooling and lubrication assembly,
wherein the step of removing vapor further comprises venting vapor refrigerant through a vent line fluidly connected to the refrigerant pump line so as to relieve the refrigerant pump line of vapor refrigerant flowing through the refrigerant pump line and upstream from the compressor, and
wherein the step of venting comprises venting from a top of the refrigerant pump line to vent vapor traveling through and toward the top of the refrigerant pump line.

US Pat. No. 10,458,685

ABSORPTION SUBCOOLER FOR A REFRIGERATION SYSTEM

Heatcraft Refrigeration P...

16. A method in an absorption subcooler comprising:receiving refrigerant from a compressor of a refrigeration system;
applying a first cooling stage to the refrigerant;
discharging the refrigerant to a gas cooler operable to apply a second cooling stage to the refrigerant;
receiving a solution comprising a first liquid and an absorption subcooler refrigerant;
discharging the first liquid from the solution to the absorption chamber; and
discharging the absorption subcooler refrigerant from the solution to the condenser.

US Pat. No. 10,458,684

THERMOELECTRIC HEAT PUMP ASSEMBLY WITH REMOVABLE BATTERY

Ambassador Asset Manageme...

1. A portable transportable active temperature controlled container comprising:a housing;
a vessel for holding temperature sensitive goods disposed within the housing;
a thermoelectric assembly disposed within the housing and coupled to the vessel, the thermoelectric assembly comprising at least two thermoelectric unit layers, wherein the at least two thermoelectric unit layers comprise a delta T that increases for each thermoelectric unit layer in a first direction towards the vessel and an amount of heat transferred by the thermoelectric unit layer (Qc) that increases for each thermoelectric unit layer in a second direction opposite the first direction and away from the vessel, and wherein each of the at least two thermoelectric unit layers comprises a thermal capacitor that stores heat and provides a thermal buffer to delay transfer of heat between the at least two thermoelectric unit layers; and
a compartment in an outer portion of the housing, wherein the compartment is configured to receive a removable rechargeable battery that can be disposed at least partially within the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,458,683

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MITIGATING HEAT REJECTION LIMITATIONS OF A THERMOELECTRIC MODULE

Phononic, Inc., Durham, ...

1. A method of operating a thermoelectric module to cool a cooling chamber, comprising:providing a first amount of power to the thermoelectric module;
determining that a temperature of a hot side of the thermoelectric module is above a first threshold;
providing a second amount of power to the thermoelectric module that is less than the first amount of power, wherein the second amount of power is at least an amount of power such that a temperature of the cooling chamber does not increase;
determining that the temperature of the hot side of the thermoelectric module is below a second threshold; and
providing a third amount of power to the thermoelectric module.

US Pat. No. 10,458,682

AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

14. An air-conditioning system, comprising:a first PCM vessel;
a second PCM vessel;
a heat recovery circuit comprising a third PCM vessel that is configured to store heat; and a conduit and valve system that operably couples:
i. a first heat exchanger to the first PCM vessel and a radiator, wherein a first heat exchange fluid is cooled by at least one of the first PCM vessel and the radiator, and wherein a valve is positioned downstream of the first PCM vessel and upstream of the radiator, wherein the valve directs the first heat exchange fluid to the radiator when the valve is in a first open position, and wherein the valve diverts the first heat exchange fluid to bypass the radiator when the valve is in a second open position,
ii. a second heat exchanger to a core and the second PCM vessel, which together are configured to cool a second heat exchange fluid such that the core provides cooled air, and
iii. the heat recovery circuit to the first heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 10,458,681

THERMAL INTEGRATION OF A CATALYTIC BURNER AND A CARBON DIOXIDE REMOVAL UNIT

The United States of Amer...

1. A heat-efficient catalytic adsorptive apparatus comprising a catalyst device, a sorbent device, an aftercooler, and at least two heat exchangers, wherein:a first said heat exchanger receives intake air from the environment, and raises the temperature of said intake air for delivery to said catalyst device;
a second said heat exchanger functions as a heat reservoir for effecting, in a temperature-swing manner, adsorption and desorption of said sorbent device;
air is conducted to said aftercooler from one of the first said heat exchanger and the second said heat exchanger;
catalyzed air is conducted from said catalyst device to the first said heat exchanger, reduced in temperature by the first said heat exchanger, conducted at a reduced temperature from the first said heat exchanger to the second said heat exchanger, conducted to said aftercooler, and reduced in temperature by said aftercooler for release into the environment.

US Pat. No. 10,458,680

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DISCHARGING A HYDROGEN STORAGE SYSTEM IN PARABOLIC TROUGH RECEIVERS

SCHOTT AG, Mainz (DE)

1. A method for discharging a hydrogen storage system, wherein the hydrogen storage system is in the annular space of a receiver tube, wherein the annular space is defined at least by an outer-lying tubular jacket and an inner-lying absorber tube of the receiver tube, and wherein the outer-lying tubular jacket is connected by a wall to the absorber tube, the method comprising the steps of:producing an opening penetrating through the tubular jacket or the wall;
pumping free hydrogen in the annular space out through the opening; and
subsequently sealing the opening.

US Pat. No. 10,458,679

PLATE HEAT EXCHANGER, IN PARTICULAR FOR CONDENSING BOILERS

GAS POINT S.R.L., Bresce...

1. A heat exchanger for boilers comprising a set of heat exchange plates, wherein inside each plate circulates water to be heated while combustion products coming from a heating device pass outside in a gap between adjacent walls of two plates in a vertical direction; each plate is provided with openings;said heat exchanger comprising:
a plurality of closing elements coupled to the set of plates to close a portion of said openings;
wherein each of said plates comprises at least three levels of respective channels housing the water to be heated, wherein the channels are arranged in a horizontal direction, perpendicular to the vertical direction of combustion products; wherein an upper level of the at least three levels is closest to the heating device and a lower level of the at least three levels is farthest from the heating device;
said set of plates and said plurality of closing elements being combined such that the water flows through the set of plates in parallel in channels on the lower level, and such that the water flows through the set of plates at least partially in series in channels on the upper level.

US Pat. No. 10,458,678

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR HEATING WATER WITH REFRIGERANT AND PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL

Rheem Manufacturing Compa...

1. An apparatus for heating water, comprising:a first tank defining a first inner volume for storing the water that is to be heated;
a second tank that defines a second inner volume that is adjacent the first inner volume so that heat transfers between the first inner volume and the second inner volume, wherein the second inner volume is fluidly isolated from the water in the first inner volume, and wherein the second inner volume contains a phase change material; and
an air conditioning system comprising a refrigerant path defined by a refrigerant conduit, a portion of the refrigerant conduit passing through the second inner volume, wherein the portion of the refrigerant conduit that passes through the second inner volume is disposed radially inward and spaced apart from a second tank sidewall of the second tank such that the phase change material encases an outer surface of the refrigerant conduit over a majority of a length of the portion of the refrigerant conduit that is within the second inner volume.

US Pat. No. 10,458,677

HEAT EXCHANGER WITH DUAL CONCENTRIC TUBE RINGS

Lochinvar, LLC, Lebanon,...

1. A water heater apparatus, comprising:an upper header including a water inlet and a water outlet;
a lower header;
an inner ring of inner fin tubes concentrically disposed about a longitudinal central axis of the inner ring and extending between the upper and lower headers and communicated with the upper and lower headers to flow water through the inner fin tubes, each inner fin tube including a plurality of annular inner fin tube fins with circumferentially lateral portions of the inner fin tube fins bent along lines extending substantially radially outward from the central axis of the inner ring to reduce a lateral cross-section dimension of the inner fin tube fins, the inner fin tubes being close packed so that the bent circumferentially lateral portions of the inner fin tube fins of each inner fin tube contact the bent circumferentially lateral portions of the inner fin tube fins of each adjacent inner fin tube;
an outer ring of outer fin tubes concentrically disposed about the longitudinal central axis of the inner ring and extending between the upper and lower headers and located radially outward of the inner ring of inner fin tubes and communicated with the upper and lower headers to flow water through the outer fin tubes, each outer fin tube including a plurality of annular outer fin tube fins with circumferentially lateral portions of the outer fin tube fins bent along lines extending substantially radially outward from the central axis of the inner ring to reduce a lateral cross-section dimension of the outer fin tube fins, there being a larger number of outer fin tubes than inner fin tubes, the outer fin tubes being close packed so that the bent circumferentially lateral portions of the outer fin tube fins of each outer fin tube contact the bent circumferentially lateral portions of the outer fin tube fins of each adjacent outer fin tube; and
a burner tube located radially inward of the inner ring of inner fin tubes and configured to combust a fuel and air mixture and radially project heated gases past the inner and outer rings of fin tubes to heat water flowing through the fin tubes; and
wherein the inner fin tube fins each have a radially outer bent portion, the radially outer bent portion being located on a radially outer portion of each inner fin tube fin relative to the longitudinal central axis of the inner ring, at least some of the radially outer bent portions of the inner fin tube fins of at least some of the inner fin tubes contacting the outer fin tubes.

US Pat. No. 10,458,676

RETRACTABLE HANDLE FOR A PORTABLE DEHUMIDIFIER

Therma-Stor LLC, Madison...

1. A portable dehumidifier, comprising:two wheels;
a cabinet comprising:
an airflow inlet located on a front side of the cabinet;
an airflow outlet located on a back side of the cabinet that is opposite the front side;
an evaporator located adjacent to the airflow inlet;
a plurality of microchannel condenser coils;
two bushing plates counted to the cabinet;
two brackets, each bracket coupled to a respective one of the bushing plates;
a fan located adjacent to the airflow outlet, the fan configured to generate an airflow that flows into the cabinet through the airflow inlet and out of the cabinet through the airflow outlet, the airflow flowing through the evaporator and the plurality of microchannel condenser coils in order to provide dehumidification to the airflow; and
a retractable handle configured to:
slide into and out of the cabinet; and
pivot upwards and lock into a tilted position to allow for transport of the portable dehumidifier;
wherein the retractable handle comprises:
a cross member; and
two sliding members coupled to the cross member, each sliding member comprising one or more pins.

US Pat. No. 10,458,675

SOUND-DAMPING AIR CONDUCTION PART

Airbus Operations GmbH, ...

1. An air conduction part for conducting a compressible medium therethrough, the air conduction part comprising:At least one wall arrangement that laterally defines a cross section of the air conduction part, through which the medium passes in a flow direction of the compressible medium when the air conduction part is in use, the flow direction approximately corresponding to a longitudinal axis of the air conduction part, the wall arrangement comprising:
at least one shell; and
at least one damping device configured to remove sound energy from the medium,
wherein the shell and the at least one damping device are integrally interconnected by support members, and
wherein the at least one damping device comprises at least one sound absorption element having at least one sound-dissipating medium,
wherein the wall arrangement is disposed at least in a region of the air conduction part comprising a bend in the flow direction, and the support member extends radially inwards toward a center of the bend.

US Pat. No. 10,458,674

DECORATIVE PANEL AND AIR-CONDITIONER INDOOR UNIT PROVIDED WITH SAME

Daikin Industries, Ltd., ...

1. A decorative panel for an air conditioning device, the decorative panel being attached to a bottom of an indoor unit body mounted on a ceiling, the indoor unit body including a casing which houses an indoor fan, an indoor heat exchanger arranged around the indoor fan, and a drain pan arranged below the indoor heat exchanger, the decorative panel comprising:a panel body having a suction port and an outlet port and attached to a bottom of the casing; and
a suction grill attached to the suction port of the panel body, wherein
the panel body includes an inner panel member having a vertically extending partition wall that forms a panel-side suction channel inside the partition wall, and a heat insulator which is positioned between the suction port and the outlet port and which forms part of the outlet port,
the suction grill includes
a grill body positioned over the suction port, and
an extension extending outward from an entire periphery of the grill body to overlap with a lower surface of the panel body beyond the partition wall,
a distance from an end of a portion of the extension extending toward the outlet port to the suction port is smaller than a distance from the suction port to an edge of a lower surface of the heat insulator facing the outlet port,
the vertically extending partition wall continuously extends along a vertically extending inner most surface of the heat insulator and ends at a portion of the extension, and
the end of the portion of the extension extending toward the outlet port is in contact with the lower surface of the heat insulator,
a lower most surface of the heat insulator of the panel body is positioned above a lower most surface of the panel body, and
the end of the portion extending toward the outlet port that is in contact with the lower surface of the heat insulator is thicker than the other portion of the extension which overlaps with the lower surface of the panel body.

US Pat. No. 10,458,673

AIR CONDITIONER

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An indoor unit of an air conditioner comprising:a housing including a discharge plate having a plurality of holes formed therein, and an outlet;
a heat exchanger disposed inside the housing;
a drain panel disposed below the heat exchanger to collect condensate water generated by the heat exchanger;
a blower fan configured to blow air heat-exchanged by the heat exchanger toward the discharge plate or the outlet; and
a discharge blade configured to move between a guide position at which a direction of the air blown from the blower fan and discharged to the outlet is controlled, and a closing position at which the outlet is closed and the discharge blade is substantially flush with the discharge plate to thereby form a surface of the housing,
wherein the discharge blade includes:
a blade body rotatably disposed in the outlet; and
a plurality of blade holes formed in the blade body so as to discharge air passing through the discharge blade,
wherein air is discharged from the plurality of blade holes and the plurality of holes of the discharge plate when the discharge blade is in the closed position, and
wherein the blade body is configured to block an air flow moving toward the discharge plate when the discharge blade is at the guide position, and
wherein the indoor unit further comprises a flow path guide including a first flow path guide configured to form a first flow path through which air flows from the blower fan to the outlet, and a second flow path guide provided in the drain panel and configured to form a second flow path which diverges from the first flow path and through which the air flows through the plurality of holes, and the discharge blade is configured to selectively block the first and second flow paths, and
wherein the blade body includes:
a guide part configured to control the direction of the air blown from the blower fan at the guide position; and a flow path door part extending from the guide part and configured to block the second flow path at the guide position, and
wherein the second flow path guide includes a curved surface guide configured to form a rotation space of the flow path door part at the guide position, and an end of the flow path door part moves along an inner surface of the curved surface guide.

US Pat. No. 10,458,672

OPTIMIZED ENERGY USAGE IN AN AIR HANDLING UNIT

Siemens Industry, Inc., ...

1. A control system for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC), the control system comprising:an air-handling unit (AHU) comprising an AHU heating coil and an AHU cooling coil, the AHU configured to output supply air at an AHU temperature;
a terminal unit having a terminal flow rate sensor and having terminal heating and/or terminal cooling coils, the terminal unit connected with the air handling unit by a duct for receiving the supply air from the AHU;
a controller configured to receive a flow rate from the terminal flow rate sensor, calculate a slope of power consumption based on the flow rate, and set the AHU temperature based on the slope.

US Pat. No. 10,458,671

BUILDING CONTROL DEVICE HAVING PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION BASED SENSING

Ademco Inc., Golden Vall...

1. A building control device for estimating temperature of a space, the building control device comprising:a set of environmental sensors having a set of operational environmental states and configured to detect environmental conditions;
a memory configured to store the set of operational environmental states and a probability distribution for each of the operational environmental states; and
a controller operatively coupled to the user interface, the set of environmental sensors, and the memory and configured to:
receive detected environmental conditions from the set of environmental sensors;
identify a subset of the set of operational environmental states from the memory based on the detected environmental conditions;
obtain a probability distribution for each of the subset of operational environmental states from the memory;
determine, based on the probability distribution, a set of temperature estimates and a probability estimate for each temperature estimate for the subset of operational environmental states;
identify an operational environmental state, from the subset of operational environment states, at which the set of environmental sensors are likely operating based on the probability estimate for each temperature estimate;
select a temperature estimate, from the set of temperature estimates, for the operational environmental state at which the set environmental sensors are likely operating; and
generate the selected temperature estimate.

US Pat. No. 10,458,670

HVAC CONTROLLER WITH CHECKOUT UTILITY

Ademco Inc., Golden Vall...

1. A zone control panel for controlling a zoned HVAC system that includes two or more zones, an HVAC unit for delivering conditioned air to the two or more zones, two or more zone dampers for controlling delivery of conditioned air to the two or more zones, and a thermostat in each of the two or more zones, the zone control panel comprising:a first set of two or more wiring terminals, each of the first set of two or more wiring terminals providing a connection point for a corresponding wire from a first thermostat in a first one of the two or more zones;
a second set of two or more wiring terminals, separate from the first set of two or more wiring terminals, each of the second set of two or more wiring terminals providing a connection point for a corresponding wire from a second thermostat in a second one of the two or more zones;
an output for providing control signals to the HVAC unit and to each of the two or more zone dampers, wherein the output includes two or more wiring terminals, wherein each of the two or more wiring terminals of the output provide a connection point for a corresponding wire from the HVAC unit or a corresponding one of the two or more zone dampers;
a user interface, the user interface includes:
a display;
a bank of HVAC status indicators remote from the display that each indicate an operational status of at least one of two or more pieces of HVAC equipment of the HVAC unit;
a bank of zone indicators remote from the display that each indicate an operational status of at least one of the two or more zones dampers; and
a controller operatively coupled to the first set of two or more wiring terminals, the second set of two or more wiring terminals, the output and the user interface, the controller configured to receive calls from the first thermostat in the first one of the two or more zones and calls from the second thermostat in the second one of the two or more zones, and in response, provide control signals to the HVAC unit and to the two or more zone dampers via the output; and
the controller further configured to display two or more configuration menu screens on the display of the user interface that facilitate a user in setting two or more configuration parameters for configuring the zone control panel, wherein the two or more configuration parameters comprise one or more of a number of heating stages, a number of cooling stages, a heat fan control parameter, a purge time parameter, a fan control in purge parameter, a number of zones in the zoned HVAC system, a DAT parameter that indicates if a discharge air temperature sensor is present or not, a discharge air temperature low limit, and a discharge air temperature high limit.

US Pat. No. 10,458,669

THERMOSTAT WITH INTERACTIVE INSTALLATION FEATURES

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A thermostat for controlling heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) equipment via one or more control wires, the thermostat comprising:an enclosure comprising a body and a removable cover;
a user interface configured to display output to a user while the removable cover is removed from the body;
a wiring terminal comprising one or more connection points, wherein the removable cover covers the one or more connection points; and
a processing circuit configured to:
determine one or more wiring connections to the one or more connection points; and
cause the user interface to display the one or more wiring connections while the removable cover is removed from the body.

US Pat. No. 10,458,668

AIR QUALITY BASED VENTILATION CONTROL FOR HVAC SYSTEMS

Ademco Inc., Golden Vall...

1. A building controller configured to communicate with and control one or more components of an HVAC system of a building, the building controller comprising:an input/output port for sending and/or receiving data over a network;
a memory for storing one or more operating parameters including one or more user-specified air quality thresholds;
a user interface; and
a controller coupled to the input/output port, the memory, and the user interface, the controller configured to:
receive and accept one or more user-specified air quality thresholds from a user via the user interface;
receive a first signal indicative of a measure of indoor air quality;
receive a second signal indicative of a measure of outdoor air quality;
determine based at least in part on the one or more user-specified air quality thresholds stored in the memory, the measure of indoor air quality, and the measure of outdoor air quality that ventilation via one or more open windows of the building will maintain or improve the measure of indoor air quality relative to the user-specified air quality thresholds; and
generate an alert in response to determining that ventilation via the one or more open windows of the building will maintain or improve the measure of indoor air quality relative to the user-specified air quality thresholds.

US Pat. No. 10,458,667

AIR VENTILATION SYSTEM

1. An air ventilation system, comprising:an air flow control box;
a control module; and
a ventilation cap;
wherein said air flow control box comprises: a damper housing; a damper assembly; a first control arm; a second control arm; and a damper motor;
wherein said damper housing comprises: a first opening, a second opening, and a ventilation opening;
wherein said damper housing defines a passage traversing from a proximal end to a distal end of said damper housing and comprises a ventilation opening;
wherein said first opening is at said proximal end of said damper housing;
wherein said second opening is at said distal end of said damper housing;
wherein said damper assembly has a closed damper position and an open damper position;
wherein said ventilation opening is closable, such that said ventilation opening has an open ventilation position and a closed ventilation position;
wherein when said damper assembly is in said closed damper position said ventilation opening is in said open ventilation position;
wherein when said damper assembly is in said open damper position said ventilation opening is in said closed ventilation position;
wherein said damper assembly blocks said passage when in said closed damper position, such that an air entering said first opening is directed out of said ventilation opening;
wherein said damper assembly allows said air to pass through said passage when in said open damper position, such that said air entering said first opening is directed out of said second opening and not out of said ventilation opening;
wherein said ventilation cap is positioned over said ventilation opening and is hingedly connected to said damper housing for a selective ventilation cap movement between an open cap position and a closed cap position, such that, when said ventilation cap is in said closed cap position, said ventilation opening is covered, and when said ventilation cap is in said open cap position, at least a portion of said ventilation opening is uncovered;
wherein said damper assembly comprises a plurality of damper blades;
wherein said plurality of damper blades are disposed substantially in parallel with and adjacent to one another;
wherein each of said plurality of damper blades are interconnected with one another via at least one first link and is pivotally mounted across a respective portion of said damper assembly, such that each of said plurality of damper blades is configured to pivot together for a selective damper blades movement between said closed damper position and said open damper position to selectively allow said air to flow from said proximal end to said distal end of said damper housing;
wherein said first and second control arms are coupled among said damper motor, said ventilation cap, and said at least one first link, such that said damper motor simultaneously actuates said selective movements of said ventilation cap and said plurality of damper blades between said open positions and said closed positions; and
wherein said control module is configured to actuate said damper motor.

US Pat. No. 10,458,666

AIR DIFFUSING AND WATER MISTING APPARATUSES, SYSTEMS AND METHODS

A-NIKS, LLC, Tampa, FL (...

15. A method for delivering cooling water mist into an open non-confined environment, the method comprising:situating an apparatus for cooling water mist dispersion in an open non-confined environment;
channeling a stream of cooling water mist through the apparatus via a nozzle disposed within the apparatus at a circular egress of the apparatus,
directing the stream of cooling water mist in a particular manner such that the air in the environment is cooled by the evaporative action of the cooling water mist,
diverting outflow by one or more arms angularly disposed relative to the nozzle, the one or more arms providing for a non-linear outflow of mixed air and water as a cooling water mist and evaporatively-cooled gaseous air stream into the surrounding open non-confined environment, the non-linear flow defined by the one or more arms as one or more of circular, spiral, cyclone or rotational; and, the non-linear flow providing for moving the air into better contact with water exiting at the circular egress to mix with the air with the water to generate mist;
the apparatus comprising a mounting bracket with a first end and a second end, said mounting bracket being fixed to opposing ends of an outer perimeter of the apparatus at the first end and the second end of the mounting bracket.

US Pat. No. 10,458,665

PASSIVE LIQUID COLLECTING DEVICE

HAMILTON SUNDSTRAND CORPO...

1. A passive liquid collecting device, comprising:a reservoir including an outlet;
multiple rigid structures disposed within the reservoir and configured to collect a liquid and direct the liquid to the outlet;
porous capillary media supported by the multiple rigid structures;
wherein the multiple rigid structures are arranged circumferentially around a porous tube leading to the outlet; and
wherein the reservoir has a cylindrical shape, and a leg portion of at least one of the multiple rigid structures extends along a circular cross-section of the reservoir in a direction that is radial relative to the circular cross-section.

US Pat. No. 10,458,664

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR A PORTABLE AIR CONDITIONER

1. A portable air conditioning system comprising:a cylindrically shaped bucket having an upper peripheral edge defining an opening into an interior space of the bucket;
an intake plenum configured to be removably connectable to the upper peripheral edge of the bucket and having a plurality of air entry openings and a plurality of ducts coupling the air entry openings to the interior space of the bucket;
a lid configured to be removably coupled to the intake plenum and having a contoured lower surface, wherein, when the lid is coupled to the intake plenum, the contoured lower surface of the lid and an upper surface of the intake plenum form air exit channels;
a blower connected to a lower surface of the lid, the blower configured to pull air from the interior space of the bucket and push the air through the air exit channels to an exterior of the bucket; and
wherein, when the intake plenum is connected to the bucket and the lid is coupled to the intake plenum, an intake flow path is formed such that air entering the air entry openings passes through the ducts before reaching the interior space of the bucket.

US Pat. No. 10,458,663

AC CAGE—ANTI-THEFT DEVICE

1. An anti-theft device, comprising:a plurality of sides surrounding frames arranged in a series, each of the side surrounding frames having an adjustable width;
each side surrounding fame being permanently and rotatably secured to an adjacently arranged side surrounding frame in the plurality of side surrounding frames, with the exception of a first and a last side surrounding frame;
the first side surrounding frame having a free end that is opposite an end that is permanently and rotatably secured to one of the adjacently arranged side surrounding frames;
the last side surrounding frame having a free end that is opposite an end that is permanently and rotatably secured to one of the adjacently arranged side surrounding frames;
the free end of the first side surrounding frame and the free end of the last side surrounding frame being temporarily attachable to each other; a transverse surrounding frame having an adjustable width, the transverse surrounding frame secured to a top side of at least two oppositely arranged side surrounding frames in the plurality of side surrounding frames; and
the anti-theft device having an enclosed state and a folded state, when in the enclosed state, the free end of the first side surrounding frame and the free end of the last side surrounding frame are locked together and a closed-in area is formed by the plurality of side surrounding frames and the transverse surrounding provides a partial upper cover over the closed-in area, and when in the folded state, the plurality of side surrounding frames are folded and stacked on each other.

US Pat. No. 10,458,662

BOILER LOOP SYSTEM

NIBCO Inc., Elkhart, IN ...

1. A near boiler piping apparatus, comprising:a primary-secondary loop interface apparatus including,
a primary loop portion including a tubular fluid conduit having a circumferential sidewall, a first end and a second end for interfacing with a primary loop in a plumbing system;
a secondary loop portion including a first neck portion extending from the circumferential sidewall and a second neck portion extending from the circumferential sidewall, wherein the first neck portion and second neck portion are substantially parallel to each other and substantially perpendicular to the primary loop portion;
the secondary loop portion further including a first drain valve portion extending from the first neck portion including a first drain shut-off valve disposed therein and a first drain port, and a second drain valve portion extending from the second neck portion including a second drain shut-off valve disposed therein and a second drain port, wherein the respective drain shut-off valves are arranged to enable or disable flow through the respective drain ports;
the secondary loop portion further including a first secondary loop interface port terminating the first neck portion and a first secondary loop shut-off valve disposed in the first neck portion between the first secondary loop interface port and the circumferential sidewall;
the secondary loop portion further including a second secondary loop interface port terminating the second neck portion and a second secondary loop shut-off valve disposed in the second neck portion between the second secondary loop interface port and the circumferential sidewall;
each of the first secondary loop shut-off valve and second secondary loop shut-off valve includes an open operative position configured to open a main flow-path between the respective secondary loop interface port and the primary loop portion, and a closed operative position configured to close the main flow path between the respective secondary loop interface port and the primary loop portion;
a flow diversion device in each of the first and second secondary loop shut-off valves is configured to form a drain flow path between the secondary loop interface port of each respective neck portion and each corresponding respective drain valve portion that is open in both the open operative position and the closed operative position of the secondary loop shutoff valves;
a wye strainer;
a second flange configured on the wye strainer for mounting the wye strainer to a second flange interface of a circulation pump; and
a supply branch pipe section attached to the wye strainer.

US Pat. No. 10,458,661

FAN FOR SMOKE AND VAPOR EXTRACTION SYSTEM, IN PARTICULAR FOR KITCHENS AND EXTRACTION SYSTEM INCORPORATING SUCH A FAN

Faber S.p.A., Fabriano (...

1. A fan (1) for a kitchen extraction hood smoke and/or vapour extraction system comprising: an impeller (3) located within a diffuser or volute (2) having connection points for attachment to the kitchen extraction hood, an electric motor (24) having an output shaft (31) that drives the impeller (3), the output shaft having an axis of rotation (N) that is common with impeller (3), said impeller (3) comprising a body (20) having a flat part (21) from which a plurality of radially arranged blades (33) extend, said blades (33) being spaced apart from each other by a variable distance according to a periodic function, the diffuser (2) has an air delivery or outlet conduit (5) having a transverse cross-section which increases from an inlet towards an outlet (6), said transverse cross-section being identified in a plurality of planes containing said axis of rotation (N) of the output shaft (31) of the electric motor (24), said conduit starting in a first portion (4) of the diffuser containing the impeller (3), said first portion (4) of the diffuser (2) contains the impeller (3) and supports the electric motor (24), and said first portion (4) of the diffuser comprises an edge (44) that extends into a recess (28) provided in the impeller (3) defined by first and second concentric annular and spaced apart portions (21A, 21B) of the body (20) of the impeller that support the blades (33), with the body including open spaces between the blades at the first and second concentric annular and spaced apart portions (21A, 21B).

US Pat. No. 10,458,660

MAGNETIC APPLIANCE SHELF AND METHOD OF ASSEMBLY

1. A kit for forming a support structure adapted to be releasably secured to an appliance; the kit comprising:a support surface including at least one lip thereon;
a non-magnetic jig including at least one angle corresponding to an angle formed between the support surface and the at least one lip;
a first number of magnets securable to the jig; and
a second number of magnets securable to the support structure in alignment with the first number of magnets on the jig.

US Pat. No. 10,458,659

SNAP SPRING CLIP FOR BURNER UNIT MOUNTING

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A spring clip for attaching a radiant burner unit to a cooktop, comprising:a retention tab having a portion extending in a first direction;
a retention arm defining a lever portion projecting away from the retention tab to an end displaced from the tab in a second direction generally normal to the first direction, the retention arm further defining a resiliently deformable section facilitating movement of the lever toward and away from the retention tab; and
a snap tab extending from the retention arm and having a first portion extending away from the retention arm in the second direction and away from the retention tab in the first direction, the snap tab having a second portion that is resiliently deflectable toward and away from the retention tab.

US Pat. No. 10,458,658

PORTABLE COOKING STATION

1. A portable cooking station, comprising:a table assembly, comprising:
an upper table, comprising an upper first side and an upper second side;
a lower table, comprising a lower first side and a lower second side;
four first leg segments, each having a first end connected to said upper second side and each having a second end connected to said lower first side;
four second leg segments, each located immediately subjacent to an individual one of and coaligned with said four first leg segments, a first end of each second leg segment attached to said lower second side; and,
a caster wheel assembly disposed on second ends of each second leg segment;
a sink assembly mounted within said upper table, comprising a basin accessible from said upper first side;
a burner assembly with a wok ring integrated therewith, mounted within said upper table and accessible from said upper first side; wherein said burner assembly is capable of producing approximately 100,000 BTS's;
a mounting plate disposed within and affixed to said upper table, comprising an open central portion;
a vessel with an open top a sidewall tapering from a first larger diameter at an upper perimeter edge to a second smaller diameter at a closed bottom, said vessel capable of nesting within and being suspended by said mounting plate; and,
a control panel in electrical and fluid communication with said burner assembly, said control panel affixed to a sidewall of said upper table.

US Pat. No. 10,458,656

SWITCH ASSEMBLY AND COOKING APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A cooking apparatus comprising:a main body having a cooking chamber; and
a switch assembly mounted on the main body,
wherein the switch assembly includes:
a switch rotatably provided;
a switch holder coupled to the switch; and
a light guide disposed between the switch and the switch holder and having a light emitting surface to uniformly emit light from a light source to a periphery of the switch, the light source being arranged between the switch and the light guide.

US Pat. No. 10,458,655

FUEL NOZZLE ASSEMBLY

General Electric Company,...

1. A system, comprising:a fuel nozzle, comprising:
a first wall disposed about a central axis;
a second wall disposed about the first wall; and
a plurality of lobes disposed between the first and second walls, wherein the plurality of lobes is spaced about the central axis to define a plurality of flow passages, wherein the plurality of lobes extends to a downstream end portion of the fuel nozzle, wherein a tip of each lobe of the plurality of lobes is radially spaced apart from the first wall by a radial gap to define an annular space between the plurality of lobes and the first wall such that the plurality of lobes is not in contact with the first wall, wherein at least one lobe of the plurality of lobes comprises a downstream end face comprising a recessed wall between the second wall and the radial gap, wherein the recessed wall extends along a length and a width of the at least one lobe of the plurality of lobes, and wherein the downstream end face comprises a first opening disposed on the recessed wall.

US Pat. No. 10,458,654

COMBUSTION CHAMBER IN A TURBINE ENGINE

SAFRAN AIRCRAFT ENGINES, ...

1. An annular combustion chamber in a turbine engine, comprising:two coaxial walls of revolution comprising a radially internal wall and a radially external wall;
fuel injectors disposed between the internal wall and the external wall, each fuel injector engaged in a respective centring means which are moveable in the radial direction in a support means;
means of axial retention in the upstream direction of the centring means, with said means of axial retention in the upstream direction being removably fixed on at least one of the internal wall and external wall,
wherein the means of axial retention in the upstream direction comprise a radial annular crown radially fixed internally and/or externally the internal wall and/or the external wall and comprising a plurality of rings regularly spaced apart circumferentially disposed radially between the internal wall and the external wall, the plurality of rings delineating an annular row of openings, with each ring of the plurality of rings forming a passage for receiving a respective one of the fuel injectors and respective centring means, with an edge of each opening being adapted to form an axial stop in the upstream direction of a radial annular collar of the respective centring means of the respective one of the fuel injectors,
wherein the annular crown comprises a pattern that successively repeats circumferentially to form the annular crown, the pattern comprising:
at least one ring of the plurality of rings of the annular crown, the at least one ring having a radially internal lug extending radially inward from the at least one ring and a radially external lug extending radially outward from the at least one ring, the radially internal lug being connected to an internal rim that extends circumferentially and in an axially downstream direction, the radially internal rim and radially internal lug configured to fix the at least one ring on the internal wall, and the radially external lug being connected to a radially external rim that extends circumferentially and in the axially downstream direction, the radially external rim and radially external lug configured to fix the at least one ring on the external wall.

US Pat. No. 10,458,653

MACHINABLE CMC INSERT

Rolls-Royce Corporation, ...

1. An assembly for use in a gas turbine engine, the assembly comprisinga ceramic matrix composite component comprising silicon carbide fibers in a silicon carbide matrix,
a ceramic insert adjacent to the ceramic matrix composite component, and
a ply at least partially covering the ceramic insert such that the ceramic insert is sandwiched between the ply and the ceramic matrix composite component,
wherein the ply extends beyond the ceramic insert in at least one direction so that the ply is joined to the ceramic matrix composite, and
wherein the ply comprises at least one layer of silicon carbide fibers or carbon fibers in a silicon carbide matrix.

US Pat. No. 10,458,652

SHELL AND TILED LINER ARRANGEMENT FOR A COMBUSTOR

Rolls-Royce Corporation, ...

1. A combustor for use in a gas turbine engine, the combustor comprisingan annular metallic shell forming an annular cavity around a central axis, and
a liner arranged in the annular cavity of the annular metallic shell, the liner including a first ceramic tile and a second ceramic tile,
wherein the first tile includes a body and a tab offset radially from the body, a first fastener extends through the tab to couple the first tile to the annular metallic shell, the second ceramic tile is arranged to extend between the first fastener and the annular combustion chamber to shield the first fastener from the annular cavity, and wherein the first fastener is formed to include a passage configured to receive active cooling air and the passage is shaped to direct the cooling air onto the body of the second ceramic tile.

US Pat. No. 10,458,651

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETERMINING WHETHER IGNITION HAS OCCURRED

INTERGAS HEATING ASSETS B...

1. Method for determining in a heating appliance whether ignition of a mixture of fluid fuel and air has taken place, comprising the following steps of:applying an electrical ignition signal to a measuring circuit;
filtering a combustion signal from the ignition signal;
comparing the detected combustion signal to a predetermined pattern; and
establishing that the anticipated combustion signal took place during a predetermined period of time.

US Pat. No. 10,458,650

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR FLUE GAS DENITRIFICATION

DEGREMONT, Paris la Defe...

1. A method of removing NOx from flue gases in a furnace for incinerating waste or sludge from a municipal water or industrial water purification plant, the furnace comprising a combustion chamber with a bed of sand or ash, the method comprising the following steps:introducing the waste or sludge as a fuel into a devolatilization zone of the furnace in which the sand or ash is located and in which the fuel loses volatile components during combustion such that the devolatilization zone is constituted by the bed comprising sand or ash along with the fuel;
introducing a reducing agent in a vaporized form into at least one of the combustion air upstream of a wind box of the furnace and the fuel;
introducing the combustion air into the wind box of the furnace positioned below the devolatilization zone, the wind box providing distribution of the combustion air into the bed and mixing of the bed with the combustion air, wherein the combustion air is introduced solely through the wind box;
wherein the reducing agent is introduced solely upstream of said devolatilization zone;
measuring nitrogen oxide and/or ammonia levels of treated flue gases downstream of a post-combustion zone of the furnace located downstream of the devolatilization zone; and
regulating the introduction of the reducing agent in order to maintain pre-established nitrogen oxide content and/or ammonia levels;
wherein the reducing agent is an ammonia (NH3) compound causing a reduction of nitrogen oxides to nitrogen,
wherein the reduction of nitrogen oxides to nitrogen is carried out in the bed, according to reactions of the following type:
4NH3+4NO+O2+C?N2+H2O(catalysis of the waste or sludge by carbon),
4NH3+4NO+O2+CaO?N2+H2O(catalysis of the waste or sludge by ash).

US Pat. No. 10,458,649

HORIZONTALLY FIRED BURNER WITH A PERFORATED FLAME HOLDER

CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORP...

1. A horizontally-fired burner comprising:a horizontally-fired fuel nozzle configured to output, in a horizontal direction, a pure fuel jet selected to entrain oxidant;
a flame holder positioned laterally from the horizontally-fired fuel nozzle, the flame holder including:
an input surface facing the horizontally-fired fuel nozzle;
an output surface opposite the flame holder; and
a plurality of perforations extending from the input surface to the output surface and collectively configured to promote a combustion reaction of the fuel within the perforations; and
a preheating mechanism configured to heat the flame holder prior to starting the combustion reaction;
wherein the horizontally-fired fuel nozzle comprises an adjustable fuel nozzle; and
wherein the preheating mechanism is configured to move the adjustable fuel nozzle closer to the flame holder during a preheating period and to retract the adjustable fuel nozzle away from the flame holder after the preheating period.

US Pat. No. 10,458,648

WICK OF FLAME DEVICE

Pro-Iroda Industries, Inc...

1. A flame device comprising:a fuel reservoir;
a modular wick holder disposed on the fuel reservoir and including a first wick holder assembly and a second wick holder assembly, wherein the first and second wick holder assemblies include an adjuster operably engaged therewith, wherein the first and second wick holder assemblies are joined together and disposed symmetrical to each other, wherein the first and second wick holder assemblies respectively include a first projection and a second projection disposed oppositely and correspondingly, wherein the first and second projections delimit a space therebetween, and wherein a size of the space is adapted to be changed by operating the adjuster;
a wick configured from a single metallic meshed wick material respectively forming a spiral section, a flat folded section, and a wrapped section, wherein the spiral section, the flat folded section and the wrapped section are continuously connected, wherein the spiral section includes at least one loop curled about an imaginary axis, wherein the flat folded section extends from the spiral section and includes a first length extending away from the spiral section along a first imaginary plane to a fold and a second length extending from the fold toward the spiral section along a second imaginary plane, wherein the first and second imaginary planes extend in parallel and are disposed in a spaced relationship with each other, wherein the first and second imaginary planes are spaced and a distance therebetween is smaller than a diameter of the spiral section about the imaginary axis, wherein the wrapped section extends from the flat folded section and includes at least one contour conforming with a shape wrapping around the spiral section and the first and second lengths and the fold of the flat folded section, and wherein the wick is securely held in the space.

US Pat. No. 10,458,647

ADAPTOR FOR PROVIDING ELECTRICAL COMBUSTION CONTROL TO A BURNER

CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORP...

1. A combustion system, comprising:a combustion chamber wall defining a combustion chamber;
a burner assembly configured to operatively couple to an exterior of the combustion chamber wall and to support a combustion reaction inside the combustion chamber;
an adaptor accessory mounted between the burner assembly and the combustion chamber wall; and
at least one fastener configured to fasten the adaptor accessory to the burner assembly and to the combustion chamber wall;
wherein the adaptor accessory includes an adaptor body defining an aperture configured to pass an electrical conductor therethrough; and
wherein the electrical conductor is configured to carry a voltage electrical signal from outside the combustion chamber wall to inside the combustion chamber through the adaptor body aperture;
whereby the adaptor accessory retrofits the combustion system.

US Pat. No. 10,458,646

LOW NOX, HIGH EFFICIENCY, HIGH TEMPERATURE, STAGED RECIRCULATING BURNER AND RADIANT TUBE COMBUSTION SYSTEM

Selas Heat Technology Com...

1. A staged recirculating burner comprising:a combustion tube including inside and outside helical fins forming opposing spiral pathways, the opposing spiral pathways including a first spiral pathway for combustion gases and a second spiral pathway for products of combustion;
a combustion nozzle coupled to the combustion tube;
a gas tube running axially into the combustion tube, the first spiral pathway bounded between the gas tube and combustion tube; and
a staging gas nozzle coupled to the gas tube, the staging gas nozzle including radial exit holes into the combustion tube and an axial gas staging tube extending into the combustion nozzle to stage combustion, wherein the radial exit holes are configured to inject fuel into a spiral flow of preheated air flowing through the first spiral pathway and the staging gas nozzle is positioned such that the fuel mixes with the preheated air flowing through the first spiral pathway to form a fuel-air mixture that continues to travel along the first spiral pathway before moving into the combustion nozzle.

US Pat. No. 10,458,645

COMBUSTION BURNER AND BOILER PROVIDED WITH SAME

MITSUBISHI HITACHI POWER ...

1. A combustion burner, comprising:a fuel nozzle that injects fuel gas in which fuel and air are mixed;
at least one flame stabilizer provided on an axial center side near a tip end of the fuel nozzle; and
a partitioning member that partitions an inner flow channel in which the flame stabilizer is provided and an outer flow channel on an outer side of the inner flow channel, inside the fuel nozzle; wherein
the flow channel cross-sectional area of the inner flow channel partitioned by the partitioning member expands in a flow direction of the fuel gas.

US Pat. No. 10,458,644

FLOATING GRID ARRANGEMENT TO SUPPORT AND POSITION DECORATIVE ELEMENTS

AMCS CONSULTING, LLC, Me...

1. A floating apparatus for supporting decorative elements in water comprising: a hub; at least two spokes attached to said hub; a float attached to said hub; and a decorative element holder attached to said hub, wherein: said decorative element holder is positioned above the hub when the floating apparatus is in an upright position; the float is located in the decorative element holder; and the decorative element holder and the float are configured to have a combined buoyancy sufficient to cause at least a portion of the decorative element to float above a surface of the water while the hub and the spokes remain at least partially submerged in the water.

US Pat. No. 10,458,643

BREATHING LIGHT ASSEMBLY

HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTR...

1. A breathing light assembly of an air purifier, the breathing light assembly comprising:a front panel;
a cover comprising a light transmission panel and a curved surface mounted to the front panel;
a breathing light mounted to the curved surface and facing the light transmission panel;
a body cover, the body and the cover cooperatively defining an optical channel; and
a reflective strip; wherein:
a surface of the body cover comprises a light emitting zone within the optical channel, the light emitting zone facing the breathing light across the optical channel;
light emitted by the breathing light passes through the light transmission panel to the light emitting zone;
the reflective strip is mounted on the light emitting zone and positioned at an end of the optical channel; and
the reflective strip reflects the light emitted by the breathing light;
wherein: the body cover comprises a touch portion and a rear panel; the touch portion is located at a top of the body cover; the rear panel is located opposite the light emitting zone; a heat sink is mounted to the rear panel;
wherein: the heat sink is a radiating fin; the body cover transmits heat in the light emitting zone and the radiating fin disperses heat from the light emitting zone.

US Pat. No. 10,458,642

FAUCET WITH INTEGRATED LIGHT

Spectrum Brands, Inc., M...

1. A faucet comprising:a body having a first end and a second end, the first end being securable to a surface and the second end being spaced from the first end;
a neck having a first end, a second end, and a recess located between the first end and the second end, the first end of the neck being coupled to the second end of the body and the second end of the neck being cantilevered from the body;
a light fixture secured in an exterior portion of the neck between the first end and the second end of the neck, wherein the light fixture is mounted within the recess of the neck; and
a spray head coupled to the second end of the neck.

US Pat. No. 10,458,641

HOT STICK LIGHT

MILWAUKEE ELECTRIC TOOL C...

1. A light for use with a hot stick, the light comprising:an elongate body including a first connector on a first end of the elongate body and a second connector on a second end of the elongate body, the first connector configured to connect to the hot stick, the second connector configured to connect to a tool associated with the hot stick, the elongate body defining a longitudinal axis extending through the first connector and the second connector;
a first light source supported by the elongate body and including a first light emitting diode configured to emit light in a first direction relative to the longitudinal axis;
a second light source supported by the elongate body and including a second light emitting diode configured to emit light in a second direction relative to the longitudinal axis that is different than the first direction:
a power source positioned within the elongate body and electrically coupled to the first light source and the second light source; and
a user interface supported on the elongate body to control operation of the first and second light sources.

US Pat. No. 10,458,640

VENTILATION AND HUMIDITY-CONDITIONING UNIT AND APPARATUS

NITTO DENKO CORPORATION, ...

1. A ventilation and humidity-conditioning unit comprising:a structure mounted on a housing including a space inside the housing that is separated from an outside thereof, the structure including a ventilation hole providing ventilation between an inside of the housing and the outside of the housing;
a humidity-conditioning member provided midway in the ventilation hole of the structure, the humidity-conditioning member absorbing water vapor; and
a ventilation member provided to the structure, the ventilation member being closer to the outside of the housing than the humidity-conditioning member is, the ventilation member being permeable to a gas, the ventilation member preventing a liquid and a solid from entering the inside of the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,458,639

LIGHTING DEVICE AND LUMINAIRE

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. A tubular LED lighting device comprising:an LED, a driver for driving the LED, and an electrical connector;
the lighting device further comprising a thermally triggered switch for prevention of overheating of the electrical connector, wherein
the thermally triggered switch is connected in series between the electrical connector and the driver, and
the thermally triggered switch is configured to interrupt current in the event of the temperature of the electrical connector meeting a triggering condition;
wherein the thermally triggered switch is configured to sense the temperature of the electrical connector via a main body or a probe of the thermally triggered switch.

US Pat. No. 10,458,638

CONNECTING SYSTEM FOR LIGHTING MEMBERS

Orili Ventures LTD, Giva...

1. A connecting system for lighting members comprising:a plurality of LED strip assemblies comprising at least a first LED strip assembly and a second LED strip assembly; and
at least one rotary hinge assembly comprising an internal electrical connection, the rotary hinge assembly comprising:
an upper hinge portion comprising an upper receptacle for receiving a first end of the first LED strip assembly, the upper hinge portion further comprising a first receptacle electrical connection for connecting with a first LED strip electrical connection on the first end of the first LED strip assembly;
a lower hinge portion comprising a lower receptacle for receiving a first end of the second LED strip assembly, the lower hinge portion further comprising a second receptacle electrical connection for connecting with a second LED strip electrical connection on the first end of the second LED strip assembly; and
a central axial connection element residing within an axial channel defined in part by the upper hinge portion and the lower hinge portion.

US Pat. No. 10,458,637

HIGH-INTELLIGENT LED STREET LAMP

Xiaojun Liu, Shenzhen (C...

1. A high-intelligent light emitting diode (LED) street lamp, comprising:a control box;
a signal display box arranged on an upper portion of the control box; and
a support rod arranged on an upper portion of the signal display box;
wherein an LED street lamp assembly, a solar panel assembly, and a wind power generation assembly are sequentially arranged on the support rod; a controller, a rectify and filter unit, a constant-current protection unit, a power supply, a data memory, a wireless communication transmission unit, an alerter, a sound device, and a voltage stabilizer are arranged inside the control box; the wireless communication transmission unit is configured to communicate with external mobile terminals and the alerter is configured to generate an alarm sound in case of an emergency; and a touch display screen, a face recognition sensor, a fingerprint reader, and a light sensor are arranged on an outer side of the signal display box, the touch display screen is configured to display information; the face recognition sensor is configured to perform face recognition and face sensing; the fingerprint reader is configured to control an operation of the LED street lamp; the light sensor is configured to perform real-time sensing of external light intensity; the rectify and filter unit, the constant-current protection unit, the power supply, the data memory, the wireless communication transmission unit, the alerter, the sound device, the voltage stabilizer, the touch display screen, the face recognition sensor, the fingerprint reader and the light sensor are electrically connected with the controller; heat sink for improving a heat dissipation performance of the LED street lamp is arranged inside the control box; two sides of the control box defining a plurality of heat dissipation holes; an access door is arranged on a front surface of the control box;
wherein the LED street lamp assembly comprises a first rotary assembly, a plurality of street lamp rods connected with an end of the first rotary assembly, and LED lamp bodies; each of the LED lamp bodies is arranged on an other end relative to the first rotary assembly of the street lamp rod; a first rotary driving motor is arranged inside the first rotary assembly; the first rotary assembly is driven by the first rotary driving motor and rotates along with the lamp rods around the support rod;
wherein the solar panel assembly comprises a second rotary assembly, a plurality of solar panel connect rods connected with an end of the second rotary assembly, and solar panels; the solar panel is arranged on an other end relative to the second rotary assembly of the solar panel connect rod; a second rotary driving motor is arranged inside the second rotary assembly; the second rotary assembly is driven by the second rotary driving motor and rotates along with the solar panel connect rods around the support rod;
wherein the wind power generation assembly comprises a power generation box and at least three power generation fans arranged inside the power generation box; a lateral side of the power generation box defining a ventilation window, and the power generation fans arranged close to the vent window; a storage battery is arranged inside the control box; the heat sink, the first rotary driving motor, the solar panel, the second rotary driving motor, the power generation fans are electrically connected with the controller; a smoke sensor and a temperature sensor are arranged inside the control box; the smoke sensor and the temperature sensor are electrically connected with the controller; a waterproof protective cover relatively covers an external portion of the control box and an external portion of the signal display box; the heat dissipation holes of the control box are long-strip holes; each of the beat dissipation holes range from 3-5 cm in width; a sound control mechanism assembly and a coded lock mechanism are arranged on the external portion of the signal display box; the sound control mechanism assembly and the coded lock mechanism are electrically connected with the controller.

US Pat. No. 10,458,636

BACKLIGHT SOURCE AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF, A BACKLIGHT MODULE, AND A DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A backlight source for use in a display device, comprising:a substrate;
a plurality of carriers with a shape of a frustum of a prism arranged on the substrate in an array, each said carrier comprising a bottom surface in contact with the substrate, a top surface parallel to the substrate and a plurality of side surfaces connected between the top surface and the bottom surface, wherein an area of the bottom surface is greater than an area of the top surface;
light emitting elements arranged on: each said carrier, comprising at least one first light emitting element arranged on the top surface of the carrier for emitting collimated light perpendicular to the substrate, and a plurality of second light emitting elements arranged in such a way to arrange at least one said second light emitting element on each of the plurality of side surfaces of the carrier for emitting scattered light to a plurality of angles;
a controller, configured to control said at least one first light emitting element to turn on and all second light emitting elements to turn off in response to a first display mode of the display device, and to control said at least one first light emitting element to turn on and at least one of said second light emitting elements to turn on in response to a second display mode of the display device.

US Pat. No. 10,458,635

LIGHTING SYSTEM

Contemporary Visions, LLC...

1. A lighting system comprising:a plurality of hubs including a power hub with at least one said hub including a light element for providing light when receiving an electrical current;
a power source for providing electrical power to said power hub; and
a plurality of connecting arms for electrically and mechanically connecting said plurality of hubs to one another;
wherein said connecting arms and said hubs are interconnected in order to selectively conduct electrical current from said power source to said light element of said at least one hub,
wherein a first hub includes a first arm mount for selectively receiving a first end of a first connecting arm and a second arm mount for selectively receiving a first end of a second connecting arm,
wherein the first connecting arm includes an outer conducting body and an inner conducting rod nested in the outer conducting body, the inner conducting rod and the outer conducting body being electrically insulated from one another,
wherein both of the inner conducting rod and the outer conducting body of the first connecting arm are electrically connected to a light element of the first hub for transmitting electrical current to the light element of the first hub.

US Pat. No. 10,458,634

ADJUSTABLE SURGICAL LIGHT DEVICE AND SYSTEM

Palmetto Biomedical Inc.,...

1. An adjustable light for a medical environment including an overhead light having a light handle for manually adjusting the position of the overhead light, the light handle defining a longitudinal axis, the adjustable light comprising:a first housing defining a proximal surface, an opposite distal surface and an interior cavity therebetween, the housing further defining an opening to said interior cavity, said opening defined between said proximal surface and said distal surface;
said distal surface including an elongated projection projecting distally therefrom, said elongated projection elongated along a central axis coincident with the longitudinal axis of the light handle when the first housing is coupled to the light handle, and said elongated projection sized and configured to be used as a handle for manually adjusting the orientation of the overhead light;
a power supply sized to be received through said opening into said interior cavity of said first housing;
a second housing including a lamp;
an elongated flexible shaft connected at a proximal end of the elongated flexible shaft to said elongated projection of the first housing along said central axis of said elongated projection, and connected at a distal end of the elongated flexible shaft to the second housing, wherein the elongated flexible shaft is selectively movable along a length of said flexible shaft relative to the first housing to position said lamp relative to a target in the medical environment for illuminating the target; and
electrical wiring extending from said first housing along said elongated flexible shaft to said lamp in said second housing and connectable to said power supply when the power supply is received into said interior cavity of said first housing,
wherein said first housing is configured for releasably coupling to the light handle with said proximal surface adjacent the overhead light,
wherein said opening is arranged on said housing to permit access to said interior cavity when said first housing is coupled to the light handle,
wherein said elongated flexible shaft is hollow to receive said electrical wiring therethrough,
wherein said elongated projection is hollow with an opening at a distal end thereof for communication with said elongated flexible shaft to receive said electrical wiring therethrough, and in communication with said interior cavity at a proximal end of the elongated projection; and
wherein said elongated projection is configured to receive a portion of the light handle of the overhead light.

US Pat. No. 10,458,633

DEFORMABLE AND QUICK-INSTALLATION ILLUMINATION LAMP

COOLUX LIGHTING COMPANY L...

1. A deformable and quick-installation illumination lamp, wherein the illumination lamp comprises a central assembly, a first lateral assembly provided with lamp bars, and a second lateral assembly provided with lamp bars, the first lateral assembly is movably connected to one side of the central assembly, so that the first lateral assembly can retract or stretch, the second lateral assembly is movably connected to the other side of the central assembly, so that the second lateral assembly can retract or stretch, and the first lateral assembly and the second lateral assembly are both connected to the central assembly by using a limiting component, so that the illumination lamp can maintain a stretching state;further comprising a plurality of connection plates, wherein the first lateral assembly is rotatably connected to one side of the central assembly by using a first connection plate of the plurality of connection plates, and the second lateral assembly is rotatably connected to the other side of the central assembly by using a second connection plate of the plurality of connection plates; the first lateral assembly can rotate within a range of 90° relative to the first connection plate, the second lateral assembly can rotate within a range of 90° relative to the second connection plate, and the first and second connection plates can rotate within a range of 90° relative to the central assembly, so that the first lateral assembly and the second lateral assembly can come into contact with the central assembly by means of retraction;
further comprising a plurality of first fixing components and a plurality of positioning components, wherein the first lateral assembly is rotatably connected to the first connection plate by using a first first fixing component of the plurality of first fixing components, the first lateral assembly is provided with a first positioning component of the plurality of positioning components, and the first positioning component can come into contact with the first connection plate, so that the first lateral assembly forms a 90° angle with the first connection plate; the second lateral assembly is rotatably connected to the second connection plate by using a second first fixing component of the plurality of first fixing components, the second lateral assembly is provided with a second positioning component of the plurality of positioning components, and the second positioning component can come into contact with the second connection plate, so that the second lateral assembly forms a 90° angle with the second connection plate; the first connection plate is rotatably connected to the central assembly by using a third first fixing component of the plurality of first fixing components, the central assembly is provided with a third positioning component, and the first connection plate can come into contact with the third positioning component, so that the connection plate forms a 90° angle with the central assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,458,631

FLOOD LIGHT

MILWAUKEE ELECTRIC TOOL C...

1. A light comprising:a housing including a front face, a first face, a second face, and a first surface arranged between the first face and the front face;
a lens disposed in the front face;
a light source covered by the lens; and
a power source configured to provide power to the light source,
wherein the first face is angled at a first oblique angle with respect to the front face, the second face is angled at a second oblique angle with respect to the front face, and the first surface is angled at a third oblique angle with respect to the front face, wherein the first face, the second face, and the first surface each define a surface configured to support the light.

US Pat. No. 10,458,630

LANTERN WITH REMOVABLE SHADE

1. A lantern system, comprising:a lantern base; and
a lantern shade configured to be removably coupled to the lantern base, the lantern shade comprising:
at least one side wall, the at least one side wall comprising at least one portion with light diffusing properties and at least one portion with light concentrating properties; and
a fastener for removably coupling at least a portion of the lantern shade to the lantern base; wherein the lantern base includes at least one leg configured for attachment of a strap of a headlamp to the lantern base.

US Pat. No. 10,458,629

LIGHTING MODULE AND LIGHTING SYSTEM

OSRAM GMBH, Munich (DE)

1. A lighting module comprising:a base,
at least one electrically powered light radiation source carried by said base,
a plurality of lamina electrical contacts connected to said source of light radiation, wherein each of the plurality of lamina electrical contacts has a respective proximal end fixed to said base and a respective distal end including a contact area, wherein each contact area of the respective distal ends is elastically pressed against one face of said base, and wherein the contact areas are offset from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,458,628

LED LUMINAIRE WITH ADAPTABLE INSTALLATION KIT

Green Creative Ltd., Hon...

1. A LED light system comprising:a) a LED light fixture comprising:
i) a flattened body with a top surface and a bottom surface;
ii) a LED driver circuit within a LED driver box;
iii) an array of LEDs electrically coupled to the LED driver circuit and positioned on or around the bottom surface of the flattened body; and
iv) snap or spring clip structures protruding upward from the top surface of the flattened body and along two opposed sides of the LED driver box; and
b) an installation kit comprising:
i) a junction box face-plate with sets of elongated and curved fenestrations or cutouts for coupling to a junction box and a cutout with tab indentations that allow the snap or spring clip structures to engage the tab indentations, thereby securing the LED light fixture onto the junction box;
ii) sets of slip tabs on the top surface of the flattened body and surrounding the LED driver box; and
iii) a set of hook clips each having an elongated body with and L-shaped bottom portion and a top curved hook structure that bends in an opposite direction relative to the L-shaped bottom portion, wherein the L-shaped bottom portion fits into portions of the slip tabs such that the top curved hook structure engages a recessed light canister housing to secure the LED light fixture thereto.

US Pat. No. 10,458,627

THIN FILM SHEET INCLUDING POWER LINES, LIGHTS, AND SENSORS

Grote Industries, LLC, M...

1. A lighting and detection system for cargo of a tractor trailer interior, comprising:a wiring harness configured to attach to the tractor trailer interior; and
a dome light electrically couplable to the wiring harness and configured to attach to the tractor trailer interior,
a nose box electrically couplable to the wiring harness and configured to receive a cargo load sensor signal from at least one of the wiring harness and the dome light, wherein
at least one of the wiring harness and the dome lighting includes a thin film sheet configured to light and monitor the tractor trailer interior and transmit the cargo load sensor signal to the nose box, the thin film sheet comprises:
a substrate;
a first electrical connector attached to the substrate;
a second electrical connector different from the first electrical connector that is attached to the substrate and that extends substantially parallel to the first electrical connector;
a plurality of light sources that are each connected directly to the first electrical connector and the second electrical connector, the plurality of light sources extend substantially parallel to the first electrical connector and the second electrical connector on the substrate; and
a plurality of sensors attached to the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,458,626

LIGHT SYSTEMS INCLUDING FIELD REPLACEABLE ASSEMBLY, AND METHODS OF ASSEMBLING AND OPERATING THE SAME

Heraeus Noblelight Americ...

1. A light system comprising:(a) a lamp head assembly, the lamp head assembly including (i) driver circuits, and (ii) a cooling system; and
(b) a replaceable assembly connected to the lamp head assembly, the replaceable assembly including (i) a plurality of light producing elements, (ii) a cooling structure for receiving a cooling fluid from the cooling system, the plurality of light producing elements being supported by the cooling structure, and (iii) a reflector for receiving light from the plurality of light producing elements,
wherein the replaceable assembly is separable, as a single assembly, from the lamp head assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,458,625

LIGHT DIFFUSER SUPPORT

1. A light diffuser assembly for a light bulb fixture comprising:a retaining member including a collar and a plurality of arms, wherein said collar is substantially centered on a central axis, wherein said collar extends about an arcuate path less than three hundred and sixty degrees about said central axis between opposite first and second ends and thereby defines a collar gap whereby said collar is configured to be pushed over a socket of the light bulb fixture, wherein each of said plurality of arms extends away from said collar and said central axis to a respective distal end, wherein each of said plurality of arms includes a tab at said respective distal end, and wherein each of said plurality of tabs extends back towards said central axis;
a diffuser member including an annular lip that is received by each of said plurality of tabs whereby said diffuser member is suspended on the base of the light bulb fixture by said retaining member; and
wherein said retaining member further comprises first and second grips, one of said first and second grips respectively disposed at one of said first end and said second end of said collar, each of said first grip and said second grip extending away from said arcuate path and further away from said central axis, wherein each of said plurality of arms extend away from said central axis further than said first and second grips, and wherein said first and second grips are graspable and moveable closer together to deform said collar and tighten said collar about the socket of the light bulb fixture.

US Pat. No. 10,458,624

OPTICAL SYSTEM FOR COLLIMATION OF LIGHT

SIGNIFY HOLDING B.V., Ei...

1. An optical system for collimation of incoming light, comprising:a body;
a recess formed on a first side of the body, the recess having a central light entry surface and a side light entry surface;
a central light exit surface provided on at least a portion of a second side of the body, said central light entry surface being arranged in relation to the central light exit surface such that incoming light falling on the central light entry surface is directed to the central light exit surface;
a total internal reflection surface provided at a side surface of the body, which is arranged such that incoming light falling on the side light entry surface of the recess is directed towards the total internal reflection surface so as to be subject to total internal reflection towards the second side of the body; and
a rejection area surrounding at least a portion of said central light entry surface, said rejection area being configured to prevent incoming light incident on the rejection area to exit said body outside of the central light exit surface, wherein the rejection area comprises a light-deflecting portion being arranged such that incoming light entering the light-deflecting portion is deflected.

US Pat. No. 10,458,623

OPTICAL DEVICE COMPRISING LIGHT REFLECTION FILM

Panasonic Corporation, O...

1. An optical device comprising:a light reflection film which includes a metal layer and a dielectric layer on the metal layer; and
a phosphor layer which is located on the dielectric layer and which emits light by being excited by light from a light source, wherein
the dielectric layer is located between the metal layer and the phosphor layer,
a first wavelength, at which a reflectivity of light vertically incident on the light reflection film from the phosphor layer is highest, is longer than a centroid wavelength of an emission spectrum of the phosphor layer,
the dielectric layer has a layered structure comprising a plurality of layers composed of at least two but no more than six layers, and
refractive indexes of any two adjacent layers of the plurality of layers are different from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,458,622

POLYGONALLY-SHAPED REFLECTION MEMBER HAVING INCLINED VERTEX PORTIONS FOR REFLECTING LIGHT FROM A LIGHT SOURCE

Enplas Corporation, Kawa...

1. A reflection member for reflecting light emitted from a light source, comprising:at least one polygonal cell of a polygonal shape in plan view, which comprises:
a center bottom portion orthogonal to an optical axis and configured to receive the light source; and
an inclined portion inclined from the center bottom portion toward an outer rim;
wherein the inclined portion has a vertex-portion inclined surface provided correspondingly to each vertex of the polygonal shape, and a side-portion inclined surface provided between two of the vertex-portion inclined surfaces; and
in cross-sectional view, an acute inclined angle ? of at least a part of the vertex-portion inclined surface to a reference plane orthogonal to the optical axis and coplanar with the center bottom portion is larger than an acute inclined angle ? of the side-portion inclined surface to the reference plane.

US Pat. No. 10,458,621

SHARPENER AND A LIGHTING FIXTURE

MODULEX INC., Tokyo (JP)...

1. A sharpener comprising:a cylindrical inner louver portion and a cylindrical outer louver portion, which are concentrically disposed around an axis that extends forward from the center of a light-emitting surface, wherein:
a back end of the inner louver portion and a back end of the outer louver portion are disposed nearer to the light-emitting surface than a front end of the inner louver portion and a front end of the outer louver portion, respectively, the front end of the inner louver portion is disposed nearer to the light-emitting surface than the front end of the outer louver portion, and the back end of the inner louver portion is disposed nearer to the light-emitting surface than the back end of the outer louver portion;
a cross section of the sharpener comprises a plane comprising the axis, the cross section further comprising a first side and a second side relative to the axis;
a first reference line comprises a straight line that passes through a back end side inner periphery edge of the outer louver portion located on the first side and a front end side inner periphery edge of the outer louver portion located on the second side;
a portion of a front end side outer periphery edge of the inner louver portion positioned on the first side in the cross section is located: on the first reference line; or
in a direction away from the light-emitting surface from the first reference line;
and
an outermost diameter of the inner louver portion is larger than an outermost diameter of the light-emitting surface.

US Pat. No. 10,458,620

MOTOR VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICE WITH A VENTILATING DEVICE

Automotive Lighting Reutl...

1. A motor vehicle lighting device, which has a housing and a ventilating device with an air supply line and an air outlet opening, wherein the air supply line has an air intake opening, a transition cross-section, and an air outlet opening, wherein the transition cross-section tapers between the air intake opening and the air outlet opening, wherein the ventilating device has a water collecting chamber into which the air supply line opens, said water collecting chamber including a water discharge opening that is adjacent to the air outlet opening and the transition cross-section, wherein the water discharge opening is disposed lower than the air outlet opening when the ventilating device is mounted in a motor vehicle, and wherein the water collecting chamber is adjacent to a portion of the air supply line at which airflow accelerates through the air supply line due to tapering between the air intake opening and the transmission cross section.

US Pat. No. 10,458,619

LIGHTING DEVICE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A lighting device for a motor vehicle, the lighting device comprising:a housing that is covered by a lens in a light main radiation direction;
at least one supporting plate for multiple illuminants, different light functions being assigned to the illuminants; and
a recess formed in a wall of the housing that at least partially provides a function of a reflector and is assigned to one of the light functions, the recess having a volume that is multiple times smaller compared to a remainder of the housing volume, and only a part of the supporting plate including at least one of the illuminants projects into the recess, the part of the supporting plate being multiple times smaller than a remaining part of the supporting plate that supports the illuminants for the other light functions,
wherein the at least one supporting plate and the part of the supporting plate that projects into the recess together form a single flat plate that defines a single plane, and
wherein a screen is arranged between the housing and the lens, the screen having an opening at least in an area of the recess.

US Pat. No. 10,458,618

LIGHTING APPLIANCE FOR ENGINE VEHICLES

Varroc Lighting Systems, ...

1. A light appliance for engine vehicles comprising:a primary optical unit with at least one light source;
a secondary optical unit that comprises one or more electro-luminescent diodes for emitting light with a light emitting surface; and
at least one reflective surface of a reflective device for reflecting light from the primary optical unit falling onto the reflective surface,
wherein the at least one reflective surface comprises a first reflective surface,
wherein the electro-luminescent diodes comprise a first electro-luminescent diode having a rear surface,
wherein the first electro-luminescent diode of the secondary optical unit is arranged, with respect to the first reflective surface, in such a way that at least a part of the light beams from the primary optical unit directed to the first reflective surface passes, before falling onto the first reflective surface and after reflection from the first reflective surface, through a light-emitting surface of the first electro-luminescent diode,
wherein the first reflective surface is situated in an internal space or on the rear surface of the first electro-luminescent diode such that the first reflective surface does not entirely cover the rear surface of the first electro-luminescent diode.

US Pat. No. 10,458,617

LIGHT DEVICE, ESPECIALLY A SIGNAL LAMP FOR MOTOR VEHICLES

Varroc Lighting Systems, ...

1. A signal lamp for a motor vehicle, said signal lamp comprising a housing defining an inner chamber covered by a transparent cover to separate the inner chamber from an outside environment of the motor vehicle, the chamber of the signal lamp comprising:(a) a first lighting unit associated with one or more first light sources, wherein the first lighting unit is configured to provide a light signaling function; and
(b) at least one second lighting unit separate from the first lighting unit comprising one or more second light sources and a filter, wherein the filter contains—
a first segment comprising at least one first input surface for the entry of at least a part of light rays generated by the one or more second light sources and at least one outwardly oriented first output surface having peripheral edges and configured to emit a first light beam, and
a second segment comprising at least one second input surface for the entry of at least a part of light rays generated by the one or more of the second light sources and one or more second output surfaces having peripheral edges and a perimeter,
wherein the first segment and the second segment are created with different materials,
wherein the second segment is inserted with the second output surface into the first segment in such a way that in a front view, the second output surface and the first output surface are arranged with a gap or without a gap next to each other and the second output surface is surrounded by the first output surface along at least a part of the perimeter of the second output surface,
wherein the second output surface of the second segment does not lie on the same plane as the first output surface of the first segment, and
wherein the at least one of first input surface of the first segment is arranged so that light rays enter the at least one of first input surface without having passed through the second segment.

US Pat. No. 10,458,616

FIBER OPTIC LIGHTING AND/OR SIGNALING SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

VALEO NORTH AMERICA INC.,...

1. A lighting device for a vehicle comprising:a housing;
an array of optical fibers, at least a portion of said array of optical fibers being arranged in at least one predetermined form;
at least one light source to generate light to be transmitted through said array of optical fibers; and
at least one support or frame disposed within said housing, said at least one support or frame comprising a receiving area to receive said at least one predetermined form, and said at least one support or frame providing a lighting function on the vehicle, wherein
said housing further comprises a surface that includes a conduit that defines a passageway to receive said array of optical fibers, and
said at least one predetermined form includes at least one panel, said at least one support or frame defines a frame that includes an aperture, and said at least one panel is received in and framed by said frame such that light from said at least one panel passes through said aperture.