US Pat. No. 10,394,091

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:a liquid crystal layer between a first substrate and a second substrate;
a plurality of gate lines and a plurality of data lines on the first substrate, the data lines crossing a plurality of rows; and
a plurality of pixels connected to the plurality of gate lines and the plurality of data lines, the plurality of pixels including a pixel electrode and a switching element connected to the pixel electrode, wherein
pixel electrodes in one of an odd-numbered row and an even-numbered row are in odd-numbered columns, respectively,
pixel electrodes in the other of the odd-numbered row and the even numbered row are in even-numbered columns, respectively,
one pixel electrode in a first row of two adjacent rows is connected to one switching element,
at least one portions of the one switching element is between two adjacent pixel electrodes in a second row of the two adjacent rows,
the one switching element includes a gate electrode connected to one of the gate lines, and
a size of the one pixel electrode is less than a size of the gate electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,394,090

DISPLAY PANEL AND MANUFACTURE METHOD THEREOF, DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display panel, divided into a plurality of sub-pixel units, and comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate, arranged opposite to each other,
a plurality of main spacers, arranged between the first substrate and the second substrate to support the first substrate and the second substrate;
wherein the plurality of sub-pixel units comprise a plurality of first sub-pixel units and a plurality of second sub-pixel units, the plurality of first sub-pixel units are adjacent to any one of the main spacers and are arranged in a single-domain structure, and the plurality of second sub-pixel units are not adjacent to any one of the main spacers and are arranged in a multi-domain structure.

US Pat. No. 10,394,089

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display substrate comprising:a base substrate;
a switching device disposed on the base substrate, and comprising:
a gate electrode electrically connected to a gate line extending in a first direction;
a source electrode electrically connected to a data line extending in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction; and
a drain electrode spaced apart from the source electrode; and
a pixel electrode electrically connected to the switching device, and comprising:
a first sub pixel electrode comprising:
an internal electrode comprising:
a support electrode portion extending in the second direction; and
a horizontal internal branch electrode portion extending in the first direction; and
an external electrode comprising:
a horizontal external branch electrode portion disposed outside the internal electrode and extending in the first direction; and
a vertical external branch electrode portion disposed outside the internal electrode and extending in the second direction; and
a second sub pixel electrode adjacent to the first sub pixel electrode and having a shape symmetrical to that of the first sub pixel electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,394,088

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A liquid crystal display panel, comprising a first substrate and a second substrate that are opposite to each other, the first substrate comprising a first surface and a second surface that are opposite to each other, the second substrate comprising a third surface and a fourth surface that are opposite to each other, the third surface being adjacent to the first surface, the first surface of the first substrate comprising a main photo spacer, a first sub photo spacer, and a second sub photo spacer formed thereon, wherein the main photo spacer, the first sub photo spacer, and the second sub photo spacer having ends that are adjacent to the third surface and are spaced from the third surface by different distances;wherein the main photo spacer, the first sub photo spacer, and the second sub photo spacer have heights that are identical so that the ends of the main photo spacer, the first sub photo spacer, and the second sub photo spacer are spaced from a flat plane that is substantially parallel with the third surface by a predetermined distance that is identical to each of the main photo spacer, the first sub photo spacer, and the second sub photo spacer;
wherein the third surface of the second substrate comprises a first accommodation section and a second accommodation section respectively corresponding to the first sub photo spacer and the second sub photo spacer, wherein the first accommodation section comprises a first recessed groove formed on the third surface and the second accommodation section comprises a second recessed groove formed on the third surface, each of the first and second recessed grooves being formed by recessing the flat plane such that the first and second recessed grooves have bottoms recessed from the flat plane by a first depth and a second depth respectively, the first depth and the second depth being not zero depths, the first depth being different from the second depth, such that a first distance between the end of main photo spacer and the flat plane, a second distance between the end of the first sub photo spacer and the bottom of the first recessed groove, which is a combination of the first distance and the first depth, and a third distance between the end of the second sub photo spacer and the bottom of the second recessed groove, which is a combination of the first distance and the second depth, are different from each other, and the second distance and the third distance are both greater than the first distance;
wherein the first and second depths of the bottoms of the first and second recessed grooves are different and the first and second sub photo spacers have identical heights so that the second distance between the first sub photo spacer and the bottom of the first recessed groove is greater than the third distance between the second sub photo spacer and the bottom of the second recessed groove, wherein the first distance is of a smallest value among the first, second, and third distances, and the second distance is of a greatest value among the first, second, and third distances; and
wherein the main photo spacer, the first sub photo spacer, and the second sub photo spacer are each multiple in number and the number of the first sub photo spacer is greater than the number of the second sub photo spacer and the number of the second sub photo spacer is greater than the number of the main photo spacer, such that the number of the main photo spacer of which the first distance is of a smallest value among the first, second, and third distances is smaller than the number of second sub photo spacer, which is in turn smaller than the number of the first sub photo spacer of which the second distance is of a greatest value among the first, second, and third distances.

US Pat. No. 10,394,087

DISPLAY PANEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A display panel, comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate, provided opposite to the first substrate; and
an adsorption spacer, provided between the first substrate and the second substrate, wherein the adsorption spacer is provided with an adsorption portion, the first substrate and the second substrate are cell-assembled together through a vacuum adsorption effect of the adsorption spacer, the adsorption portion comprises a vacuum chamber in a case that the first substrate and the second substrate are cell-assembled together, and the adsorption spacer is configured to support a cell gap; the adsorption spacer is formed at a periphery of the display panel, and no sealant is located at the periphery of the display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,394,086

DISPLAY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device, comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate, each including a transparent encapsulation area;
an outer sealant along a side of the transparent encapsulation area;
a pattern part disposed on the first substrate and extending in a direction parallel to the outer sealant; and
a transparent sealant adjacent to the pattern part and extending in a direction parallel to the pattern part, the pattern part being between the transparent sealant and the outer sealant,
wherein the first substrate further includes a light blocking member including an opening, and
wherein the transparent sealant includes an area overlapping the opening.

US Pat. No. 10,394,085

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

15. A display substrate, comprising:a base substrate and an opposite substrate, the base substrate and the opposite substrate being aligned to each other at four edges;
a sealant, arranged between the base substrate and the opposite substrate and an edge of the sealant is flush with the edge of the base substrate and the edge of the opposite substrate;
a first light shielding pattern that is provided on the base substrate at a side facing the opposite substrate, and in direct contact with the sealant; and
a second light shielding pattern that is provided on the base substrate at a side away from the opposite substrate, wherein an edge of the second light shielding pattern is flush with the edge of the base substrate,
wherein the base substrate consists of a center region and a periphery region, the center region has four edges having a predetermined distance to the four edges of the base substrate, the first light shielding pattern is a pattern that is formed throughout the center region,
wherein the width of the second light shielding pattern ranges from 0.3 mm to 0.4 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,394,084

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A liquid crystal display (LCD) comprising:a thin-film transistor (TFT) array substrate;
a counter substrate facing the TFT array substrate;
a liquid crystal layer comprising liquid crystal molecules having negative dielectric anisotropy and disposed between the TFT array substrate and the counter substrate;
a first liquid crystal alignment base layer disposed between the liquid crystal layer and the counter substrate and comprising a first compound;
a first liquid crystal alignment stabilization layer comprising first protrusions comprising first polymers of reactive mesogens disposed on a surface of the first liquid crystal alignment base layer, wherein the first protrusions are separated from each other;
a second liquid crystal alignment base layer disposed between the liquid crystal layer and the TFT array substrate and comprising a second compound different from the first compound; and
a second liquid crystal alignment stabilization layer comprising second protrusions comprising second polymers of reactive mesogens and disposed on a surface of the second liquid crystal alignment base layer,
wherein the second protrusions do not comprise the first polymers of reactive mesogens, and the second polymers of reactive mesogens are different from the first polymers of reactive mesogens, and
wherein the first liquid crystal alignment base layer further comprises a radical collector and a concentration of the radical collector is relatively higher in the first liquid crystal alignment base layer than in the second liquid crystal alignment base layer, wherein the radical collector is one or more of C1-C10 alkylamine, arylamine, heterocyclic amine, furan, and thiophene.

US Pat. No. 10,394,083

ORIENTED FILM, POLYMER, AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An alignment film for aligning liquid crystal molecules comprising:a polymer,
wherein the polymer is a polysiloxane and comprises a silsesquioxane group, wherein the silsesquioxane group is a group represented by the following formula (I):

wherein R1s are the same as or different from each other and each is a monovalent organic group and R2 is any one of formulae (III) to (XI):

wherein n is an integer of 1 to 16; and Me is a methyl group,
wherein the polymer further comprises an ester group,
wherein the polymer is a polysiloxane copolymer represented by the following formula containing a monomer unit:

wherein A's are the same as or different from each other and each is a direct bond or a divalent organic group,
wherein m is greater than 0 and p is greater than 1.

US Pat. No. 10,394,082

CURVED DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A curved display device comprising:a display substrate curved in a first direction;
an opposite substrate coupled to the display substrate, wherein the opposite substrate is curved together with the display substrate; and
a liquid crystal layer comprising liquid crystal molecules disposed between the display substrate and the opposite substrate,
wherein the opposite substrate comprises:
a common electrode; and
a first alignment layer disposed on the common electrode, wherein the first alignment layer includes first protrusions for pre-tilting a first portion of the liquid crystal molecules at a first pretilt angle,
wherein the display substrate comprises:
a pixel electrode disposed on each of a plurality of pixel areas, wherein a plurality of slits is defined in the pixel electrode; and
a second alignment layer disposed on the pixel electrode, wherein the second alignment layer includes second protrusions for pre-tilting a second portion of the liquid crystal molecules at a second pretilt-angle, which is less than the first pretilt-angle,
wherein the first alignment layer has an upper surface contacting the liquid crystal layer, and the upper surface has protruded portions to the second alignment layer, and
wherein an amount of the second protrusions is larger than an amount of the first protrusions.

US Pat. No. 10,394,081

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND DISPLAY PANEL

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display substrate, comprising a plurality of sub-substrates, wherein distance measuring regions are provided on a base in space regions between the sub-substrates, the distance measuring region is configured to measure a distance between a mask plate and the base before forming each layer in the sub-substrates by using an exposure process, whereina peripheral area of the distance measuring region is provided therein with a supporting layer on the base, and the peripheral area is located in the space region and around the distance measuring region, and
wherein the layers in the sub-substrates comprise black matrixes, a color filter layer, a planarization layer and spacers, the supporting layer comprises the black matrixes, the color filter layer, the planarization layer and the spacers extending to the peripheral area from a region where the sub-substrates are located, and a pattern of each of the layers in the supporting layer is substantially identical to that of a same layer in the sub-substrates, and
the distance measuring region is only provided therein with the black matrixes.

US Pat. No. 10,394,080

WIDEBAND COMPENSATION STACK FILM AND OPTICAL ELEMENT USING THE SAME

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. A wideband compensation stacked layer, comprising:a chiral-half-wave compensation film; and
a chiral-quarter-wave compensation film;
wherein the chiral-quarter-wave compensation film is directly in contact with the chiral half-wave compensation film through a first contact surface; along the first contact surface, the first layer of liquid crystal molecules of the chiral-quarter-wave compensation film is arranged in line with the last layer of liquid crystal molecules of the chiral-half-wave compensation film; a retardation value R of the wideband compensation stacked layer and an equivalent optical axis Z of the wideband compensation stacked layer with respect to an optical axis of a linear polarizing film follow a linear relationship: R=aZ+b, wherein a and b are constant coefficients.

US Pat. No. 10,394,079

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A liquid crystal display panel comprising:a liquid crystal cell including a lower substrate, an upper substrate on a viewer's side of the lower substrate, a liquid crystal layer provided between the lower substrate and the upper substrate, and an electrode pair formed on one of the lower substrate and the upper substrate to generate a lateral electric field across the liquid crystal layer;
a first polarizer disposed on the viewer's side of the liquid crystal cell;
a first phase plate disposed between the liquid crystal layer and the first polarizer;
a second polarizer disposed on a rear face side of the liquid crystal cell; and
a second phase plate disposed between the second polarizer and the liquid crystal layer, wherein,
the liquid crystal layer contains nematic liquid crystal, and takes a homogeneous alignment in the absence of an applied electric field, such that ?nd is not less than 360 nm and not more than 490 nm, where ?n is a birefringence of the nematic liquid crystal and d is a thickness of the liquid crystal layer;
a retardation R1 of the first phase plate is not less than 100 nm and not more than 160 nm;
a retardation R2 of the second phase plate is not less than 200 nm and not more than 360 nm; and
a slow axis of the first phase plate and a slow axis of the second phase plate are substantially parallel to each other, and substantially orthogonal to an azimuth direction of a director of the nematic liquid crystal under a homogeneous alignment, wherein,
the electrode pair includes a pixel electrode having a plurality of rectangular apertures extending in parallel to one another, and a common electrode formed opposite to the pixel electrode with a dielectric layer interposed therebetween; and
L+S is not less than 4 ?m and not more than 8 ?m, where S is a width of the aperture and L is a distance between adjacent ones of the apertures.

US Pat. No. 10,394,078

COLOR FILM SUBSTRATE, ARRAY SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY DEVICE, AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display device, comprising:a color film substrate including a substrate, and a red block, a green block, a blue block and a white block positioned on the substrate;
an array substrate positioned opposite to the color film substrate;
a liquid crystal layer positioned between the color film substrate and the array substrate;
a first backlight unit and a second backlight unit positioned on a side of the array substrate away from the liquid crystal layer; and
a control unit connected to the first backlight unit and the second backlight unit;
wherein the white block includes light-emitting particles dispersed therein or on the surface thereof, the light-emitting particles capable of emitting yellow light upon the excitation of incident light;
wherein the light-emitting particles comprise holmium ytterbium co-doped Gd2Mo3O9 phosphor particles, and wherein a wavelength of the incident light ranges from about 900 nm to about 1100 nm;
wherein the first backlight unit is configured to emit white light, and the second backlight unit is configured to emit the incident light that excites the light-emitting particles to emit yellow light; and
wherein the control unit is configured to control the display device to switch between a first operation mode and a second operation mode, in the first operation mode the control unit is configured to control both the first backlight unit and the second backlight unit to turn on, and in the second operation mode the control unit is configured to control the first backlight unit to turn on and to control the second backlight unit to turn off.

US Pat. No. 10,394,077

BACKLIGHT MODULE

Au Optronics Corporation,...

1. A backlight module, comprising:a light source emitting a first light;
an optical wavelength conversion film;
a first group of optical films disposed between the light source and the optical wavelength conversion film, wherein a portion of the first light is reflected by the first group of optical films in a direction toward the light source to be mixed with the first light subsequently emitted by the light source;
an optical control film disposed between the first group of optical films and the light source, wherein the optical control film and the first group of optical films are disposed separately from each other; and
a second group of optical films, wherein the optical wavelength conversion film is disposed between the first group of optical films and the second group of optical films, and the first light is converted into a second light having a different wavelength by the optical wavelength conversion film after passing through the first group of optical films and the second light passes through the second group of optical films, wherein a ratio of a transmittance of the second group of optical films for the second light to a transmittance of the first group of optical films for the first light is larger than 46.8%.

US Pat. No. 10,394,076

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A liquid crystal display, comprising:a display panel;
a backlight unit which includes an LED package, a printed circuit board (PCB) on which the LED package is mounted, and a light guide plate which is disposed on a lower surface of the display panel and has a light entering plane facing the LED package;
a back cover which supports a lower surface of the light guide plate;
a housing having a side surface in contact with the PCB and an upper surface in contact with a portion of the lower surface of the back cover; and
an upper case supporting a portion of the display panel and a portion of the housing,
wherein the portion of the display panel is supported by a portion of the upper case extended above the display panel and the portion of the housing is supported by a portion of the upper case extended under the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,394,074

COLOR FILM SUBSTRATE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A method for manufacturing a color filter substrate, comprising steps of:forming a blue cut filter on a substrate;
processing the blue cut filter where blue filter portions are to be formed to make the thicknesses of the blue cut filter where the respective blue filter portions are to be formed are different from each other;
forming a black light-shielding layer on the blue cut filter; and
forming the plurality of blue filter portions on the blue cut filter such that the blue filter portions are respectively located on corresponding processed portions of the blue cut filter.

US Pat. No. 10,394,073

COLOR FILM SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A color film substrate, comprising:a basal substrate; a color film layer and a black matrix arranged on a side of the basal substrate; a conductive layer arranged on another side of the basal substrate, the conductive layer comprising a plurality of conductive regions;
each conductive region comprising a driving channel and an inducing channel; and
a plurality of first gaps and a plurality of second gaps;
wherein each first gap is located between the driving channel and the inducing channel in each conductive region; each second gap is located between each two adjacent conductive regions;
and wherein an orthographic projection of the black matrix on the basal substrate completely covers orthographic projections of all the plurality of first gaps and the plurality of second gaps on the basal substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,394,072

COLOR FILTER SUBSTRATE, METHOD FOR PREPARING THE SAME, AND DISPLAY PANEL

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A color filter substrate, wherein the color filter substrate has a surface facing an array substrate and being in contact with a spacer, andthe color filter substrate has at least one layer having a hollow structure at a position corresponding to the spacer, wherein,
the color filter substrate comprises a transparent substrate which has a surface facing the array substrate and having a color filter layer formed thereon; and
the color filter layer comprises a black matrix, a first color pixel located in a same layer as the black matrix, and a second color pixel located on the black matrix, and the second color pixel has the hollow structure at the position corresponding to the spacer.

US Pat. No. 10,394,071

DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A display panel, comprising a plurality of pixel units arranged in an array, each of the pixel units comprising light transmitting zone and a light shielding zone arranged on a circumference of the light transmitting zone;wherein the display panel comprises a first substrate and a second substrate that are opposite to each other, the first substrate comprising a black matrix and a first common electrode that covers the black matrix, the black matrix being arranged in the light shielding zone, the second substrate comprising a plurality of main pixel electrodes, the plurality of main pixel electrodes being arranged to correspond, in a one-to-one manner, to the plurality of pixel units and respectively facing the light transmitting zones; and
in each individual one of the pixel units, the black matrix has edges facing the light transmitting zone and provided with notches, the first common electrode having a first portion that covers the notches and is flush with a second portion thereof located in the light transmitting zone; wherein the black matrix has a proximal surface that is positioned on a lower surface of the first substrate and a distal surface that is opposite to and parallel with the proximal surface and is distant from the lower surface of the first substrate; the edges of the black matrix being perpendicularly connected between the proximal surface and the distal surface facing the light transmitting zone; the notches being formed in the edges and extending through both the proximal surface and the distal surface, wherein the surface of the first substrate is party covered by the black matrix such that a first part of the surface of the first substrate corresponding to the light transmitting zone is exposed and second parts of the surface of the first substrate that correspond to the notches are exposed through the notches that extend through both the proximal and distal surfaces of the black matrix;
wherein the first common electrode is formed on both the distal surface of the black matrix and the first part and second parts of the surface of the first substrate, such that the second portion of the first common electrode covers the first part of the surface of the first substrate and is located in the light transmitting zone and a first portion of the first common electrode that covers the notches is set in the notches to cover the second parts of the surface of the first substrate and flush with the second portion.

US Pat. No. 10,394,070

LIGHT BLOCKING DEVICE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND TRANSPARENT DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A light blocking device comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate facing each other;
a first electrode on the first substrate;
a second electrode on the second substrate;
a polymer dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) layer between the first electrode and the second electrode and including liquid crystals and dichroic dyes formed as a droplet, wherein the liquid crystals and the dichroic dyes twisted with each other; and
a chiral dopant in the PDLC layer that induces twisting between the liquid crystals and the dichroic dyes to form a twisted angle between 360 degrees and 3,600 degrees.

US Pat. No. 10,394,069

DISPLAY DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A display device comprising:a first display region;
a second display region;
a third display region; and
a fourth display region,
wherein the first display region, the second display region, the third display region, and the fourth display region are each substantially quadrangular,
wherein the first display region includes a first side and a second side at right angle to the first side,
wherein the second display region includes a third side and a fourth side at right angle to the third side,
wherein the third display region includes a fifth side and a sixth side at right angle to the fifth side,
wherein the fourth display region includes a seventh side and an eighth side opposite to the seventh side,
wherein the first side and the third side are in contact with each other,
wherein the second side and the fifth side are in contact with each other,
wherein the fourth side and the seventh side are in contact with each other,
wherein the sixth side and the eighth side are in contact with each other, and
wherein the second display region, the third display region, and the fourth display region each include a curved surface.

US Pat. No. 10,394,068

BACKPLANE SUBSTRATE INCLUDING IN-CELL TYPE TOUCH PANEL, LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A method of manufacturing a backplane substrate including an in-cell type touch panel, comprising:preparing a substrate comprising a plurality of pixels in a matrix;
providing a thin film transistor at each pixel of the substrate;
forming a first interlayer dielectric layer to cover the thin film transistor;
forming a sensing line on the first interlayer dielectric layer;
forming a second interlayer dielectric layer on the first interlayer dielectric layer to cover the sensing line;
forming a common electrode at each block including some pixels of a plurality of pixels, to overlap the sensing line;
forming a third interlayer dielectric layer to cover the common electrode;
forming a first interlayer contact hole passing through the third interlayer dielectric layer, the second interlayer dielectric layer, and the first interlayer dielectric layer to expose a part of the thin film transistor at each pixel, and a second interlayer contact hole corresponding to a sidewall of the common electrode adjacent to an overlapping part of the sensing line and the common electrode, the second interlayer contact hole passing through the third interlayer dielectric layer and the second interlayer dielectric layer to expose the sensing line; and
forming a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor through the first interlayer contact hole, and a connection pattern connected to the sensing line through the second interlayer contact hole.

US Pat. No. 10,394,067

DETECTION DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A detection device comprising:a first detector and a second detector each configured to detect that an object is in contact therewith or in proximity thereto;
a signal processor configured to perform signal processing on a detection signal output from the first detector and the second detector; and
a selector configured to select one of the first detector and the second detector, and couple the selected one of the first detector and the second detector to the signal processor,
wherein
the selector comprises:
a first connector configured to couple the first detector to the signal processor;
a first controller configured to control the first connector to couple the first detector to the signal processor in accordance with a control signal supplied from outside;
a second connector configured to couple the second detector to the signal processor; and
a second controller configured to control the second connector to couple the second detector to the signal processor in accordance with the control signal,
the signal processor comprises a plurality of signal processing channels configured to input or output a plurality of signals simultaneously,
the first connector comprises a plurality of circuits each configured to couple one of a plurality of detection electrode groups of the first detector to one of the signal processing channels, the circuits coupling the respective detection electrode groups to the respective signal processing channels simultaneously, and
the second connector comprises a plurality of circuits each configured to couple one of a plurality of detection electrode groups of the second detector to one of the signal processing channels, the circuits coupling the respective detection electrode groups to the respective signal processing channels simultaneously.

US Pat. No. 10,394,066

METHOD OF PRODUCING DISPLAY PANEL

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A method of producing a display panel in which a space between paired substrates disposed in an opposing manner has an inner space surrounded by a sealing material interposed between the paired substrates and an outer space disposed outside the inner space and one substrate of the paired substrates includes a portion configuring the inner space as an inner space structure part and a portion configuring the outer space as an outer space structure part, the method comprising:a substrate deforming step of displacing at least a part of the outer space structure part toward another substrate of the paired substrates to cause an end part of the inner space structure part near the at least the part of the outer space structure part to be moved around the sealing material and moved away from the other substrate, resulting in at least a part of the inner space structure part being warped to be away from the other substrate;
a dividing step to be performed after the substrate deforming step to divide the paired substrates into a portion of the paired substrates configuring the inner space and a portion of the paired substrates configuring the outer space; and
a substrate bending step to be performed after the dividing step to bend the portion of the paired substrates configuring the inner space so that the one substrate projects outward.

US Pat. No. 10,394,065

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE COMPRISING A GUIDE MOLD HAVING FIRST AND SECOND PROTRUSIONS EXTENDING TOWARD ONE ANOTHER WITHOUT BEING DIRECTLY CONNECTED WITH EACH OTHER

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a liquid crystal panel;
a light guide plate disposed under the liquid crystal panel;
a reflection plate disposed under the light guide plate;
a light emitting diode (LED) assembly including an LED facing a light incidence surface of the light guide plate and including a printed circuit board (PCB) comprising a first surface, a second surface opposite the first surface, and a third surface perpendicular to and between the first surface and the second surface, the LED mounted on the first surface of the PCB;
a graphite film configured to surround the second surface and the third surface of the PCB, and a lower surface of the reflection plate;
a guide mold comprising:
a first portion including a first end and a second end, the first portion of the guide mold disposed along a first edge of the light guide plate,
a second portion that extends from the first end of the first portion of the guide mold, the second portion disposed along a second edge of the light guide plate,
a third portion that extends from the second end of the first portion of the guide mold, the third portion disposed along a third edge of the light guide plate,
a first protrusion of the guide mold that extends from an end of the second portion of the guide mold, and
a second protrusion of the guide mold that extends from an end of the third portion of the guide mold,
wherein the first protrusion extends from the end of the second portion of the guide mold towards the second protrusion and the second protrusion extends from the end of the third portion of the guide mold towards the first protrusion without the first protrusion and the second protrusion being directly connected with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,394,064

DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display panel configured to display an image in a forward direction thereof;
a bezel disposed on an edge of the display panel;
a light refraction member disposed in front of the bezel, the light refraction member including a transparent material, and configured to refract light of an outer rear side of the bezel in a forward direction of the bezel; and
a reflection member provided between a front side of the bezel and the light refraction member.

US Pat. No. 10,394,063

DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display panel configured to display an image;
a light source configured to emit a light to the display panel;
a bottom chassis in which the light source is installed; and
a supporter member configured to support the display panel,
wherein the supporter member comprises a cooling flow path configured to allow air to flow,
wherein the supporter member includes an inner surface, an outer surface, a bottom side and an inside formed by the inner surface and the bottom side, and
wherein the inner surface of the supporter member is entirely closed, and the bottom side of the supporter member is opened toward the outside of the bottom chassis so that the air flowing into the inside of the supporter member is prevented from flowing into an inside of the bottom chassis.

US Pat. No. 10,394,062

FOLDABLE DISPLAY DEVICE

Prexco Co., LTD., Chungc...

1. A foldable display device, comprising:a first body and a second body that are formed in the same shape as a plate and are arranged symmetrically with each other; and
a hinge device assembled to connect the first body and the second body to each other, such that the hinge device rotates within an open state range where the first and second bodies are placed on the same plane and within a close state range where the first and second bodies overlap each other,
wherein the first body or the second body includes:
a hinge cover rotatably connected to the hinge device and having a key protruding from opposite sides thereof;
an outer cover coupled to the hinge device and having a sliding groove formed portions corresponding to a position of the key of the hinge cover thereof, the sliding groove providing a section where the key of the hinge cover is inserted and moved; and
a support plate coupled to the outer cover in an overlapping manner and having an image portion attached thereto, wherein the hinge device includes:
a base plate provided to have a length corresponding to a length of the first and second bodies;
a first fixing part provided on an upper surface of the base plate and configured with a first fixing block having a first elongated hole inclined in a first direction, a second fixing block distanced from the first fixing block and having a second elongated hole inclined in a second direction, a third fixing block having a third elongated hole inclined in the same direction as the second elongated hole of the second fixing block, and a fourth fixing block having a fourth elongated hole inclined in the same direction as the third elongated hole of the third fixing block;
a first rotary part configured with a 1st second body connecting piece fitted into the first elongated hole of the first fixing block and connected to the second body, a 1st first body connecting piece having a shaft fitted into the second elongated hole of the second fixing block and provided in a direction symmetrical to the 1st second body connecting piece, the 1st first body connecting piece being connected to the first body, a spring elastically supporting the 1st first body connecting piece, a pressing member elastically supported by the spring and supported by the third fixing block, and a 2nd first body connecting piece having a shaft inserted into the third elongated hole of the third fixing block to be fitted into the pressing member, the spring, and the 1st first body connecting piece;
a first bending connection part configured with a first link fitted into the fourth elongated hole of the fourth fixing block and having a shaft fitted into the 2nd first body connecting piece, a third link coupled to a first bracket provided at the base plate while passing therethrough, and a second link hinged at a first side thereof to the first link and hinged at a second side thereof to the third link; and
an interlocking part configured with the first bracket provided at the base plate and into which a shaft of the third link is fitted, a first cam fitted over the shaft to be rotated in cooperation with rotation of the third link, the first cam having teeth formed on an outer periphery thereof and concave portions and convex portions formed on a front surface thereof, a second cam having concave portions and convex portions formed on a front surface thereof to be coupled to the first cam, a main spring compressed to support the second cam, and a second bracket provided at the base plate and supporting the main spring.

US Pat. No. 10,394,061

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE DRIVING METHOD AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A liquid crystal display device driving method for driving the liquid crystal display device wherein the liquid crystal display device driving method comprising:receiving the image data entered into the timing controller;
calculating an area in the display image corresponding to the image data having the coupling phenomenon exceeds a predetermined level;
determining whether or not the area in the display image corresponding to the image data having the coupling phenomenon exceeds the predetermined level is greater than or equal to a predetermined area;
when the area in the display image corresponding to the image data having the coupling phenomenon exceeds the predetermined level is greater than or equal to the predetermined area, a two rows inversion manner is adopted to drive the liquid crystal display device, wherein when the method of two rows inversion is adopted to drive the liquid crystal display device, the driving direction of the data signal S(n+2) and the data signal S(n+3) are in contrast at the same time, wherein n is zero or a positive even number;
wherein when the area in the display image corresponding to the image data having the coupling phenomenon exceeds the predetermined level is smaller than the predetermined area, a one row inversion manner is adopted to drive the liquid crystal display device, wherein when the method of one row inversion is adopted to drive the liquid crystal display device, the driving direction of the data signal S(n+2) and the data signal S(n+3) are the same at the same time; and
wherein the step of “calculating an area in the display image corresponding to the image data having the coupling phenomenon exceeds a predetermined level” comprising: calculating a ratio with the same driving direction of the data signal S(n+2) and S(n+3) in the image data at the same time to the total data signal.

US Pat. No. 10,394,060

OPTICAL TESTING OF FK MODULATORS FOR SILICON PHOTONICS APPLICATIONS

Mellanox Technologies, Lt...

1. A method for characterizing a modulator for fabricating a silicon photonics circuit, the method comprising:determining an absorption spectrum of a modulator;
determining, based at least on the absorption spectrum, an operational bandwidth of the modulator;
determining a compressive stress of the modulator by analyzing a width of a peak of a scan of the modulator material obtained using Raman spectroscopy; and
selecting a laser for coupling with the modulator using the operational bandwidth of the modulator,
wherein the selected laser (a) has an emission bandwidth that corresponds to the operational bandwidth of the modulator and (b) is compatible with the compressive stress of the modulator.

US Pat. No. 10,394,059

THERMO-OPTIC PHASE SHIFTER WITH THERMAL BRIDGE

Cisco Technology, Inc., ...

1. An optical apparatus comprising:a first arm comprising:
a first optical waveguide configured to propagate a first optical signal; and
a first thermo-optic (TO) phase shifter arranged proximate to the first optical waveguide;
a second arm comprising:
a second optical waveguide configured to propagate a second optical signal; and
a second TO phase shifter arranged proximate to the second optical waveguide; and
a thermal bridge arranged between the first TO phase shifter and the second TO phase shifter.

US Pat. No. 10,394,056

ADJUSTABLE FOCUS SPECTACLES WITH NON-CIRCULAR LENSES

1. A lens unit for variable focus spectacles, comprising:a front ring assembly, including a front mounting ring, a front distensible membrane mounted on and bonded to the front mounting ring and covering an opening of the front mounting ring, and a front clamping ring affixed to the front mounting ring;
a rear ring assembly, including a rear mounting ring, a rear distensible membrane mounted on and bonded to the rear mounting ring and covering an opening of the rear mounting ring, and a rear clamping ring affixed to the rear mounting ring;
wherein the front and rear ring assemblies are disposed substantially parallel to a transverse direction of the lens unit and are pivotably coupled to each other at a pivot location located along a periphery of the lens unit;
a flexible seal, having a ring shape and disposed between the front and rear mounting rings along their peripheries;
an optical fluid filling a sealed space defined by the front and rear distensible membranes and the flexible seal; and
a biasing element, directly coupled to the front and rear ring assemblies at a peripheral location near or at an operating point located along the periphery of the lens unit and spaced apart from the pivot location,
wherein when a separation between the front and rear mounting rings at the pivot location is a predetermined first distance, and a separation between the front and rear mounting rings at the operating point is a predetermined second distance, the lens unit is in a zero diopter state where the front and rear membranes are flat and parallel to each other, and wherein when the lens unit is in the zero diopter state, the biasing element is in a partially compressed state and exerts a separation force to urge a pivoting movement of the front and rear ring assemblies away from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,394,055

DUAL-FRAME EYEGLASSES

10. An eyeglass frame assembly, comprising:a pivot eyeglass frame that includes a pivot-lens support frame for holding a left focus lens unit and a right focus lens unit, the pivot eyeglass frame further comprising a left pivot arm and a right pivot arm, wherein:
the left pivot arm is rigidly fixed to a first left outer portion of the pivot-lens support frame via a first left hinge, the left pivot arm including a first left pivot element and a first left alignment element, the first left alignment element including a first number of left alignment magnets;
the right pivot arm is rigidly fixed to a first right outer portion of the pivot-lens support frame via a first right hinge, the right pivot arm including a first right pivot element and a first right alignment element, the first right alignment element including a first number of right alignment magnets;
a foundation eyeglass frame that includes a foundation-lens support frame, the foundation eyeglass frame further comprising a left temple arm and a right temple arm, wherein:
the left temple arm is rigidly fixed to a second left outer portion of the foundation-lens support frame via a second left hinge, the left temple arm including a second left pivot element and a second left alignment element, the second left alignment element including a second number of left alignment magnets, wherein the second number of left alignment magnets is double that of the first number of left alignment magnets;
the right temple arm is rigidly fixed to a second right outer portion of the foundation-lens support frame via a second right hinge, the right temple arm including a second right pivot element and a second right alignment element, the second right alignment element including a second number of right alignment magnets, wherein the second number of right alignment magnets is double that of the first number of right alignment magnets; and
wherein the pivot eyeglass frame is selectively coupled to the foundation eyeglass frame at one of a plurality of incremental angular offsets via at least a first magnetic interaction between the first left alignment element and the second left alignment element and a second magnetic interaction between the first right alignment element and the second right alignment element.

US Pat. No. 10,394,054

PROGRESSIVE SPECTACLE LENS, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A PROGRESSIVE SPECTACLE LENS, AND METHOD OF DESIGNING A PROGRESSIVE SPECTACLE LENS

Carl Zeiss Vision Interna...

1. A progressive spectacle lens comprising:an upper viewing zone having a distance reference point, the upper viewing zone providing a first refractive power configured for distance vision in a specific as-worn position;
a lower viewing zone having a near reference point, the lower viewing zone providing a second refractive power configured for near vision in the specific as-worn position, wherein the second refractive power includes an addition power relative to the first refractive power;
a corridor arranged between the upper viewing zone and the lower viewing zone, the corridor having a refractive power that changes gradually from the first refractive power to the second refractive power in the specific as-worn position;
a left peripheral zone and a right peripheral zone, which are separated from each other by the corridor and the lower viewing zone; and
a first low mean power zone located in the upper viewing zone, a second low mean power zone located in the left peripheral zone, and a third low mean power zone located in the right left peripheral zone, each low mean power zone having a mean refractive power that does not exceed the first refractive power plus 0.125 diopter (D) in the specific as-worn position;
wherein the low mean power zones jointly occupy at least 40% of an area of the progressive spectacle lens.

US Pat. No. 10,394,051

TORIC OPHTHALMIC LENS HAVING EXTENDED DEPTH OF FOCUS

Brien Holden Vision Insti...

1. An ophthalmic lens for extending depth of focus of an ocular system, comprising:a toric zone;
a first meridian associated with a first optical power of the ophthalmic lens and a second meridian associated with a second optical power different than the first optical power of the ophthalmic lens; and
a phase-affecting, non-diffractive optical element optically coupled to the toric zone, the phase-affecting, non-diffractive optical element being non-diffractive for visible wavelengths to project an output wavefront into a single diffractive order,
the phase-affecting, non-diffractive optical element comprising a modulated pattern of spaced apart optically transparent regions and providing a depth of focus for the first meridian that matches a depth of focus for the second meridian.

US Pat. No. 10,394,050

3D PRINTED EYEWEAR FRAME WITH INTEGRATED HINGE AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURE

Materialise N.V., Leuven...

1. An eyewear frame made using a 3D printing process, said frame comprising:a front frame;
an end piece integrally attached to said front frame;
at least one temple integrally attached to said end piece; and
at least one crossed-spring hinge disposed between said end piece and said temple, the crossed-spring hinge connecting the end piece with the temple, wherein the crossed-spring hinge comprises a first hinge leg and a second hinge leg, wherein said first and second hinge leg form a crossed leaf rotary flexure, wherein the eyewear frame is a 3D printed eyewear frame wherein the at least one crossed-spring hinge is integrated.

US Pat. No. 10,394,049

EYEGLASSES WITH INTERCHANGEABLE LENSES

Roka Sports, Inc., Austi...

1. An eyeglass assembly comprising:at least one lens comprising:
a first lens tab; and
a first lens retention step, each on one side of the one lens; and
a first lens receiving portion comprising:
a first lens tab thru-hole; and
a first lens retention step receiver, each on one side of the lens receiving portion;
wherein the first lens tab and the first lens retention step are configured to releasably insert into the first lens tab thru-hole and the first lens retention step receiver of the first lens receiving portion such that the first lens tab or a portion thereof protrudes through and extends beyond the first lens tab thru-hole.

US Pat. No. 10,394,047

SPLITTER CONFIGURATION FOR GLASSES

Liberty Sport, Inc., Fai...

1. An impact resistant eyewear frame assembly for sporting activities, comprising:a frame having a rim for securing a lens, said rim having a first segment that is flexible and a second segment, the first segment and second segment being integral portions of the rim, wherein at least one of said first segment and second segment is movable relative to the other of the first segment and the second segment so as to allow insertion within or removal of said lens from said rim;
a projection extending toward a temporal end of the rim circumferentially from, and integral with, said first segment, the projection having an outer rim surface continuing from an outer rim surface of the first segment when secured, the outer rim surface of the projection comprising a plurality of holes;
wherein said projection and said second segment are configured to be releasably secured to one another, wherein said lens is secured by said rim when said projection is secured to said second segment near a temporal end of the frame,
a nose-pad body comprising first and second pads, the nose-pad body configured to be secured to a bridge of said frame by a nose-pad securing member comprising a top wall and a bottom wall,
wherein the nose-pad body is secured about a bridge of the frame at a top surface of the bridge of the frame and a bottom surface of the bridge of the frame with attachment of: (a) the top wall of the nose-pad securing member at the top surface of the bridge of the frame and (b) the bottom wall of the nose-pad securing member at the bottom surface of the bridge of the frame,
wherein the frame provides impact resistance against a sport projectile.

US Pat. No. 10,394,046

REFLECTING MODULE FOR OPTICAL IMAGE STABILIZATION AND CAMERA MODULE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

17. A camera module, comprising:a lens module; and
a reflecting module configured to direct incident light toward the lens module, the reflecting module comprising:
a housing;
a rotation holder supported by a sidewall of the housing;
a reflecting member disposed on the rotation holder and configured to direct the incident light toward the lens module; and
a driving part configured to drive movement of the rotation holder relative to the housing, the driving part comprising a coil disposed on the housing and a magnet disposed on the rotation holder, the coil facing the magnet in a direction perpendicular to a reflecting surface of the reflecting member.

US Pat. No. 10,394,043

METHOD OF ADJUSTING A PLURALITY OF OPTICAL ELEMENTS ASSOCIATED WITH A ROS

Xerox Corporation, Norwa...

1. A method of adjusting a minimum number of five or more positional adjusters of a plurality of positional adjusters, each positional adjuster configured to adjust a position of a separate optical element of a plurality of respective minimum number of five or more optical elements associated with a printing system ROS (Raster Output Scanner) associated with a photoreceptor, the printing system ROS including a total number of optical elements greater than the minimum number of five or more optical elements arranged and aligned to sequentially pass a plurality of light beams transmitted from an independently addressable laser array sequentially through the total number of optical elements to the photoreceptor, the method comprising:a) creating a computer model of the printing system ROS, the computer model including a plurality of input parameters associated with the optical and mechanical tolerances of the total number of optical elements associated with the printing system ROS effecting the performance of the plurality of light beams sequentially passing through the total number of optical elements, and a plurality of output parameters associated with the performance of the plurality of light beams sequentially passing through the total number of optical elements associated with the printing system ROS;
b) performing a sensitivity analysis of the computer model to determine an effect of the plurality of input parameters on each respective output parameter;
c) performing a Monte Carlo simulation of the printing system ROS using the computer model, the simulation determining the minimum number of the plurality of the positional adjusters and generating an associated alignment sequence of the minimum number of the plurality of positional adjusters required to adjust a plurality of positions associated with the respective minimum number of optical elements to achieve a targeted Cpk (process capability index) of the output parameters above a predetermined value, wherein the minimum number of optical elements is less than the total number of optical elements associated with the printing system ROS and the minimum number of the plurality of positional adjusters is equivalent to the minimum number of optical elements; and
d) according to the alignment sequence generated in step c), aligning each of the minimum number of positional adjusters and respective minimum number of optical elements to configure the printing system ROS to transmit the plurality of light beams from the independently addressable laser array through the total number of optical elements to the photoreceptor to achieve the targeted Cpk.

US Pat. No. 10,394,042

SPATIAL FILTERS WITH HIGH POWER HANDLING CAPABILITIES

Lockheed Martin Coherent ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a source configured to generate a beam of electromagnetic radiation propagating in a first direction; and
a spatial filter configured to restrict the beam of electromagnetic radiation in at least one dimension, the spatial filter including at least one set of rods comprising at least a first rod and a second rod, the first rod being formed in a first cylindrical structure with a first axis in a first plane and the second rod being formed in a second cylindrical structure with a second axis in a second plane parallel to the first plane,
wherein the first axis and the second axis comprise longitudinal axes, and wherein the first and the second rods have non-planar shaped surfaces in at least portions of respective surfaces of the first and second rods facing one another, the electromagnetic radiation configured to propagate between the non-planar shaped surfaces of the first and second rods.

US Pat. No. 10,394,041

POLARIZER ASSEMBLY FOR SPATIALLY SEPARATION POLARIZATION STATES OF A LIGHT BEAM

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. An assembly, comprising:an odd number of at least three prisms arranged along a principal light incidence direction, wherein:
each prism has an optical principal axis;
for each pair of immediately adjacent prisms, the optical principal axis of one prism is perpendicular to the optical principal axis of the other prism;
the odd number of prisms has an outermost light entrance surface and an outermost light exit surface;
relative to a plane perpendicular to the principal light incidence direction, the outermost light entrance surface and the outermost light exit surface are inclined in opposite directions with respect to each other; and
wherein the principal light incidence direction and a normal to the outermost light entrance surface define a first angle which is different from 0°;
the principal light incidence direction and a normal to the outermost light exit surface define a second angle which is different from 0°; and
an absolute value of the first angle is identical to an absolute value of the second angle.

US Pat. No. 10,394,040

HEAD MOUNTED DISPLAY INCLUDING PANCAKE LENS BLOCK

Facebook Technologies, LL...

1. A head mounted display (HMD) comprising:an electronic display configured to emit image light; and
a pancake lens block comprising:
a back curved optical element configured to receive and focus the image light emitted by the electronic display, the back curved optical element comprising:
a back quarter-wave plate on a back convex surface of the back curved optical element oriented to a first axis of orientation; and
a partially reflective optical element on a front concave surface of the back curved optical element configured to transmit a portion of the image light emitted from the electronic display;
a front curved optical element configured to receive and further focus the transmitted portion of the image light from the partially reflective optical element, the front curved optical element comprising:
a front quarter-wave plate on a back convex surface of the front curved optical element oriented to a second axis of orientation that is orthogonal to the first axis of orientation; and
a polarization sensitive reflective optical element on a front concave surface of the front curved optical element configured to reflect the portion of the light transmitted by the partially reflective optical element back to the partially reflective optical element based on a first polarization state, the partially reflective optical element reflecting a second portion of the light back to the polarization sensitive reflective optical element for transmission by the polarization sensitive reflective optical element to an exit pupil of the HMD based on a second polarization state of the second portion of the light.

US Pat. No. 10,394,039

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR REDUCING BLUE LIGHT HAZARDS

1. An apparatus for reducing blue light, comprising:a white light source generating a white light;
a control module; and
a polarizer that is rotatable;
wherein the control module controls the polarizer to rotate in a fixed frequency between 1/30 to ? seconds per cycle, and an angle of a blue light beam from the white light is adjusted by the polarizer that is being rotated to provide an intermittent blue illumination so as to reduce the blue light in the white light.

US Pat. No. 10,394,037

GLASSES-FREE 3D DISPLAY MOBILE DEVICE, SETTING METHOD OF THE SAME, AND USING METHOD OF THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A glasses-free three-dimensional (3D) display device comprising:a display device comprising a flat panel display; and
a 3D viewing cover detachably disposed on the flat panel display, the 3D viewing cover configured to allow images displayed on the flat panel display to be viewed in three dimensions, the 3D viewing cover comprising a three-dimensional film in contact with a top surface of the flat panel display,
wherein the display device comprises a cover setting program executable by the display device to set setting parameters of the 3D viewing cover,
wherein the cover setting program is configured to display, on the flat panel display of the display device, a cover alignment pattern for changing one or more of the setting parameters of the 3D viewing cover, and
wherein the cover setting program is configured so that, when the displayed cover alignment pattern is touched via user input to change the displayed cover alignment pattern and to change the one or more of the setting parameters of the 3D viewing cover, the one or more of the setting parameters of the 3D viewing cover are changed and a display of the cover alignment pattern on the flat panel display is changed.

US Pat. No. 10,394,035

BACKLIGHT MODULE AND TRANSPARENT DISPLAY DEVICE COMPRISING THE SAME

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A backlight module, configured for use in a transparent display device, and comprises:an optical splitter; and
a light source arranged at a side of the optical splitter and emitting light towards the optical splitter, wherein
the optical splitter is configured to split light emitted from the light source into a first light beam and a second light beam, wherein the first light beam is configured for supplying backlight, and the second light beam is configured for illuminating background behind the optical splitter,
the optical splitter comprises a transflective film, wherein the first light beam comprises one and the second light beam comprises the other of: light emitted from the light source and then reflected by the transflective film; and light emitted from the light source and then transmitted by the transflective film,
the backlight module further comprises a transparent substrate, and
the transparent substrate comprises two sub-substrates that are both wedge-shaped, wherein the two wedge-shaped sub-substrates are superimposed together with their oblique surfaces facing each other, and the transflective film is arranged between the oblique surfaces of the two wedge-shaped sub-substrates.

US Pat. No. 10,394,034

EYE-TRACKING WITH MEMS SCANNING AND OPTICAL RELAY

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

1. An eye-tracking system, comprising:a light source configured to emit at least infrared (IR) light;
a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) scanning mirror configured to direct the IR light;
a relay including two prisms, each prism having a respective lens, the relay configured to receive the IR light directed by the MEMS scanning mirror and redirect the IR light; and
at least one sensor configured to receive the IR light after being reflected by an eye.

US Pat. No. 10,394,033

PARALLEL BEAM FLEXURE MECHANISM FOR INTERPUPILLARY DISTANCE ADJUSTMENT

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A system for adjusting a distance between a first optical payload and a second optical payload of an optical device, the system comprising:a first flexure and a second flexure, wherein the first flexure is parallel to the second flexure;
a mounting platen having a first end and a second end, wherein the first end of the mounting platen is attached to the first flexure and the second end of the mounting platen is attached to the second flexure, wherein the first flexure and the second flexure extend from the mounting platen in a vertical direction, and wherein the first optical payload is attached to the mounting platen;
a first anchoring member, wherein the first anchoring member is attached to a first end of the first flexure that is opposite a second end of the first flexure, wherein the mounting platen is attached to the second end of the first flexure;
a second anchoring member, wherein the second anchoring member is attached to a first end of the second flexure that is opposite a second end of the second flexure, wherein the mounting platen is attached to the second end of the second flexure;
a third flexure and a fourth flexure, wherein the third flexure is parallel to the fourth flexure, wherein the first anchoring member is attached to a first end of the third flexure that is opposite a second end of the third flexure, wherein the second end of the third flexure is attached to a frame of the optical device, wherein the second anchoring member is attached to a first end of the fourth flexure that is opposite a second end of the fourth flexure, wherein the second end of the fourth flexure is attached to the frame of the optical device;
a translation mechanism attached to the mounting platen, wherein the translation mechanism is configured to translate the mounting platen in a horizontal direction by bending the first flexure, the second flexure, the third flexure, and the fourth flexure thereby adjusting the distance between the first optical payload and the second optical payload, wherein the translation mechanism comprises an adjustment wheel for causing translation of the mounting platen in response to a rotation of the adjustment wheel.

US Pat. No. 10,394,032

OPTICAL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING A SOURCE IMAGE

Carl Zeiss AG, Oberkoche...

1. An optical system configured to transmit a source image from which light having a field angle spectrum emanates, the optical system comprising:an optical waveguide arrangement in which the light can propagate by total internal reflection;
an input coupling arrangement configured to couple the light emanating from the source image into the optical waveguide arrangement; and
an output coupling arrangement configured to couple the light that has propagated in the optical waveguide arrangement out from the optical waveguide arrangement,
wherein:
the input coupling arrangement comprises:
a first input coupling element configured to couple light from a first subfield of the source image into the optical waveguide arrangement; and
a second input coupling element configured to couple light from a second subfield of the source image into the optical waveguide arrangement;
the first subfield has field angles from a first field angle range of the field angle spectrum;
the second subfield has field angles from a second field angle range of the field angle spectrum;
the second subfield is at least partly different from the first subfield;
the second field angle range is at least partly different from the first field angle range;
the transmitted first and second subfields are at least partly superimposed on each other after coupling out from the optical waveguide arrangement; and
the optical waveguide arrangement is curved.

US Pat. No. 10,394,030

SYSTEM FOR WAVEGUIDE PROJECTOR WITH WIDE FIELD OF VIEW

MAGICLEAP, INC., Plantat...

1. A waveguide display disposed in glasses, the waveguide display comprising:a first diffractive input waveguide operable to receive input data from a first projector;
a second diffractive input waveguide operable to receive input data from a second projector; and
a diffractive output waveguide optically coupled to the first diffractive input waveguide and the second diffractive input waveguide and having a central normal, wherein the diffractive output waveguide receives light diffracted by the first diffractive input waveguide and light diffracted by the second diffractive input waveguide and is operable to:
direct image data associated with the first projector toward a first field of view displaced with respect to the central normal; and
direct image data associated with the second projector toward a second field of view displaced with respect to the central normal.

US Pat. No. 10,394,029

FIELD OF VIEW ENHANCEMENT

Akonia Holographics, LLC,...

1. A head mounted display device, comprising:a predistortion manager that receives an image and that is configured to produce a pre-distorted image based on the received image;
a light source configured to produce image-bearing light that includes the pre-distorted image; and
an optical lens comprising:
a light input section configured to receive the image-bearing light produced by the light source,
a grating medium disposed within the optical lens and operatively coupled to the light input section, and
grating structures in the grating medium and configured to diffract the image-bearing light received by the light input section, wherein the predistortion manager is configured to produce the pre-distorted image by applying a blur kernel to a pixel proximal to an edge of a field of view associated with the received image, the blur kernel being configured to offset a distortion of the image-bearing light associated with diffraction of the image-bearing light by the grating structures.

US Pat. No. 10,394,028

VIRTUAL IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A virtual image display apparatus comprising:a display that generates picture lights; and
a light guide device that guides the picture lights from the display by reflection using a plurality of surfaces and superimposes lights from the outside world and the picture lights for visual recognition,
wherein the light guide device comprises:
a light guide prevention structure that prevents light guide of leakage lights due to reflection of the lights from the outside world by a curved surface of the light guide device in a narrow width shape part having a narrower shape than a surrounding part; and
a light shielding member that covers and directly contacts a surface of the narrow width shape part of the light guide device,
wherein the light guide prevention structure is provided in a lens tube part that houses lenses forming a projection system that allows the picture lights from the display to enter the light guide device, and the lens tube part houses a portion of the light guide device.

US Pat. No. 10,394,024

DISPLAY DEVICE AND DISPLAY METHOD

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a display panel comprising a pixel region and a transmission region;
a light blocking member disposed on a rear surface of the display panel; and
a distance sensing member configured to sense a viewing distance between a viewer and the display device,
wherein light transmittance of the light blocking member depends on a comparison result of the viewing distance and a proper viewing distance range, wherein the proper viewing distance range is defined by a first value and a second value, wherein the first value is greater than 0 and is calculated based on a height of the display panel, and wherein the second value is greater than the first value and is calculated based on the height of the display panel,
wherein the proper viewing distance range is calculated based on a calculated height (H) of the display panel, and
wherein the calculated height (H) of the display panel is calculated according to:

where w and h are components of an aspect ratio (w:h) of the display panel, the aspect ratio (w:h) is a ratio of a width (w) and the height (h) of the display panel, and D is a diagonal length of the display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,394,011

PTYCHOGRAPHY SYSTEM

TECHNION RESEARCH AND DEV...

1. A single-exposure ptychography system comprising an optical unit defining a light input plane, a light output plane, and an object plane between the light input and output planes, whereinthe optical unit comprises: at least a first focusing assembly, a front focal plane of the first focusing assembly defining a location of the light input plane;
a light source comprising an array of spaced-apart light emitters producing an array of illuminating beams of partially coherent light and being operable as an array of apertures with an aperture dimension and the space between the apertures being, respectively, smaller and larger than a coherence length of said partially coherent light, said array of the spaced-apart light emitters thereby forming a diffraction arrangement at the light input plane, and creating structured light in the form of an array of illuminating beams creating a predetermined illumination pattern in the object plane, while reducing interferences effects between beams originated from different light emitters in said array of the spaced-apart light emitters; thereby providing that each of the illuminating beams creates a different intensity pattern in a known region in the light output plane.

US Pat. No. 10,394,009

POLARISATION MICROSCOPE

University of Southampton...

1. A microscope comprising:a light source operable to generate a light beam of a particular wavelength;
a sample stage configured to position a relevant portion of a sample in a sample position at a focus of the light beam;
a detector arranged to collect light from the sample position to collect a sample image for display;
a polarisation controller arranged in the light beam either before or after the sample position and operable to set the polarisation state of the light beam to any one of a defined set of different polarisation states;
a spatial light modulator arranged to receive the light beam from the light source before the sample position, the spatial light modulator being configured to spatially modulate the light beam in amplitude and/or phase so that it focuses the light beam at the sample position in a focal plane with an intensity profile having a central peak with a full width half maximum of less than half the wavelength and sideband peaks; and
a pin hole arranged to permit only that portion of the light beam to be detected by the detector which has comes from the central peak, while rejecting portions of the light beam that have been scattered by the sample from the sideband peaks.

US Pat. No. 10,394,008

HYPERSPECTRAL MULTIPHOTON MICROSCOPE FOR BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS

Cornell University, Itha...

1. A microscope, comprising:a sample stage that holds a sample to be imaged, wherein the sample includes overlapping fluorescent labels;
a light source that generates different excitation beams at different excitation wavelengths that interact with fluorescently-labeled structures within the sample to cause nonlinear optical absorption of two or more photons at each excitation wavelength and leading to fluorescent emission of light at one or more fluorescent emission wavelengths different from the corresponding excitation wavelength;
an optical input device located in optical paths of the excitation beams between the light source and the sample stage and structured to direct the excitation beams to the sample stage;
a microscope objective located in optical paths of the excitation beams between the optical input device and the sample stage to direct the excitation beams toward the sample stage to illuminate the sample and to collect light from the sample;
an optical output device located relative to the microscope objective to receive collected light by the microscope objective from the sample and select emitted fluorescent light at the fluorescent emission wavelengths as an output beam while excluding from the output beam light at each excitation wavelength, wherein the optical output device includes wavelength-selective optical devices that separate the output beam into a plurality of broad optical channel output beams along a plurality of optical channel optical paths at a plurality of designated fluorescent imaging wavelength bands, respectively, one optical channel output beam from one wavelength-selective optical device;
optical channel detectors located along the different optical channel optical paths to receive the different optical channel output beams, respectively, so that each optical channel detector receives a corresponding optical channel output beam and produces an optical channel detector output having information of the sample at within a corresponding fluorescent imaging wavelength band for the corresponding optical channel output beam; and
tunable optical channel filters including angle-tunable bandpass filters located between the optical channel detectors and wavelength-selective optical devices in the different optical channel optical paths, respectively, to receive the different optical channel output beams at the different designated fluorescent imaging wavelength bands, each tunable optical channel filter operable to spectrally tune by tuning angles of the angle-tunable bandpass filters and select light at different fluorescent imaging wavelengths within a corresponding designated fluorescent imaging wavelength band to be present in a corresponding optical channel output beam to be received by a corresponding optical channel detector, wherein each optical channel output beam from an optical channel detector contains imaging information at the different fluorescent imaging wavelengths within a corresponding designated fluorescent imaging wavelength band and the different optical channel output beams contain imaging information at the different fluorescent imaging wavelengths in the designated fluorescent imaging wavelength bands, wherein each tunable optical channel filter separates each broad optical channel output beam into a plurality of successive fluorescent images to obtain a plurality of distinct wavelength images per each broad optical channel from the overlapping fluorescent labels,
wherein the microscope is configured to alternate combinations of the excitation wavelength of the light source and the angles of the angle-tunable bandpass filters.

US Pat. No. 10,394,007

REFLECTIVE OPTICAL CONFIGURATIONS WITH PRESCRIBED OPTICAL FIELD MAPPINGS FOR BACK-SCANNED IMAGERS

RAYTHEON COMPANY, Waltha...

1. An optical imaging system configured for back-scanned imagery comprising:an imaging sensor;
an imager configured to focus electromagnetic radiation onto the imaging sensor, the imaging sensor being configured to form an image from the electromagnetic radiation;
afocal optics configured to receive the electromagnetic radiation and to direct the electromagnetic radiation via an exit pupil of the afocal optics to the imager, the afocal optics including an all-reflective telescope configured to receive the electromagnetic radiation and an all-reflective afocal pupil relay positioned between the all-reflective telescope and the exit pupil of the afocal optics and configured to re-image the electromagnetic radiation to the exit pupil, the all-reflective afocal pupil relay including a plurality of anamorphic field-correcting mirrors configured to implement a non-rotationally symmetric field mapping between object space and image space to set distortion characteristics of the afocal optics to control image wander on the imaging sensor for off-axis image points during a back-scan operation; and
a back-scan mirror positioned proximate the exit pupil of the afocal optics and between the afocal optics and the imager, and configured to perform the back-scan operation to stabilize the image on the imaging sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,394,006

ZOOM OPTICAL SYSTEM

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A zoom optical system, comprising:a first lens group comprising a negative refractive power;
a second lens group comprising a positive refractive power; and
a third lens group comprising a positive refractive power,
wherein
the first to third lens groups are sequentially disposed from an object side toward an imaging plane,
upon zooming from a wide-angle position to a telephoto position, a gap between the first and second lens groups is decreased,
a gap between the second and third lens groups is adjustable,
the first lens group comprises a first lens and a second lens, the second lens group comprises a third lens, a fourth lens, and a fifth lens, and the third group comprises a sixth lens having a convex object-side surface, and
1.9?|fG1/fw|?3.0, 4.0

US Pat. No. 10,394,001

MOBILE DEVICE AND OPTICAL IMAGING LENS THEREOF

Genius Electronic Optical...

1. An optical imaging lens, sequentially from an object side to an image side along an optical axis, comprising a first lens element, a second lens element, a third lens element, a fourth lens element and a fifth lens element, each of the first, second, third, fourth and fifth lens elements having refracting power, an object-side surface facing toward the object side and an image-side surface facing toward the image side, wherein:the image-side surface of the second lens element comprises a convex portion in a vicinity of the optical axis;
the object-side surface of the third lens element comprises a concave portion in a vicinity of the optical axis;
the fourth lens element has negative refracting power, and the image-side surface of the fourth lens element comprises a concave portion in a vicinity of the optical axis; and
the optical imaging lens as a whole has only the five lens elements having refracting power,
wherein a central thickness of the third lens element along the optical axis is T3, a central thickness of the fourth lens element along the optical axis is T4, an air gap between the fourth lens element and the fifth lens element along the optical axis is AG45, and T3, T4 and AG45 satisfy the equation:
(T4+AG45)/T3?2.08.

US Pat. No. 10,394,000

OPTICAL IMAGE CAPTURING SYSTEM

ABILITY OPTO-ELECTRONICS ...

1. An optical image capturing system, in order along an optical axis from an object side to an image side, comprising:a first lens having refractive power;
a second lens having refractive power;
a third lens having refractive power;
a fourth lens having refractive power;
a fifth lens having refractive power;
a sixth lens having refractive power,
a seventh lens having refractive power;
an image plane;
wherein the optical image capturing system consists of the seven lenses with refractive power; at least one lens among the second lens to the seventh lens has positive refractive power; each lens among the first lens to the seventh lens has an object-side surface, which faces the object side, and an image-side surface, which faces the image side; the image-side surface of the first lens has a first image-side bearing surface; the object-side surface of the second lens has a second object-side bearing surface, and the image-side surface of the second lens has a second image-side bearing surface, wherein the second object-side bearing surface and the first image-side bearing surface contact each other;
wherein the optical image capturing system satisfies:
1?f/HEP?10;
0 deg 0.5?SETP/STP<1;
where f1, f2 f3, f4, f5, f6, and f7 are focal lengths of the first lens to the seventh lens, respectively; f is a focal length of the optical image capturing system; HEP is an entrance pupil diameter of the optical image capturing system; HOS is a distance between a point on the object-side surface of the first lens where the optical axis passes through and a point on the image plane where the optical axis passes through on the optical axis; HOI is a maximum height for image formation perpendicular to the optical axis on the image plane; InTL is a distance from the object-side surface of the first lens to the image-side surface of the seventh lens; HAF is a half of a maximum field angle of the optical image capturing system; ETP1, ETP2, ETP3, ETP4, ETP5, ETP6, and ETP7 are respectively a thickness at the height of ½ HEP of the first lens, the second lens, the third lens, the fourth lens, the fifth lens, the sixth lens, and the seventh lens; SETP is a sum of the aforementioned ETP1 to ETP7; TP1, TP2, TP3, TP4, TP5, TP6, and TP7 are respectively a thickness of the first lens, the second lens, the third lens, the fourth lens, the fifth lens, the sixth lens, and the seventh lens on the optical axis; STP is a sum of the aforementioned TP1 to TP7.

US Pat. No. 10,393,999

SIX-ASPHERIC-SURFACE LENS

OmniVision Technologies, ...

1. A six-aspheric-surface lens comprising:six coaxially aligned lenses including, in order along direction of light propagation, a positive first lens, a negative second lens, a negative third lens, a negative fourth lens, a negative fifth lens, and a plano-gull-wing sixth lens;
a first biplanar substrate between the first lens and the second lens, the first lens including a rear surface proximate the first biplanar substrate and a front surface opposite the rear surface;
a second biplanar substrate between the third lens and the fourth lens; and
a third biplanar substrate between the fifth lens and the sixth lens,
the six-aspheric-surface lens having an effective focal length feff such that (i) the six-aspheric-surface lens forms an image at an image plane located at a distance T from the front surface of the first lens, and (ii) 0.9

US Pat. No. 10,393,996

IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS, IMAGE PICKUP APPARATUS, IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD, AND STORAGE MEDIUM

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image processing apparatus comprising:at least one processor and at least one memory storing computer instructions, wherein the computer instructions, when executed, cause the at least one processor, to function as:
an acquiring unit configured to acquire first and second sets of image data;
a generating unit configured to generate first and second map data that respectively represent a distribution of data related to distance of the object, by using the first and second sets of image data;
an alignment unit configured to acquire the first and second map data that has been generated by the generating unit and perform alignment; and
a composing unit configured to perform composing processing of the first and second map data in which alignment has been performed by the alignment unit,
wherein the alignment unit performs alignment of the first and second map data by performing geometrical deformation processing by using a control parameter acquired from the first and second sets of image data.

US Pat. No. 10,393,995

MIRROR DRIVING DEVICE

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A mirror driving device comprising:a mirror;
a mirror box;
a mirror driving member rotatably attached to the mirror box and configured to drive the mirror between a first position where the mirror is located in an optical path and a second position where the mirror is retracted from the optical path;
a link member rotatably attached to the mirror driving member,
wherein a cam portion is formed in the mirror box,
wherein the link member includes a follower portion configured to follow with the cam portion,
wherein the cam portion is a groove cam portion having an inner cam surface and an outer cam surface,
wherein the follower portion does not follow with the outer cam surface in a case where the follower portion follows with the inner cam surface,
wherein the follower portion does not follow with the inner cam surface in a case where the follower portion follows with the outer cam surface,
wherein the follower portion follows with the outer cam surface in a case where the mirror moves from the first position to the second position,
wherein the follower portion makes contact with neither the inner cam surface nor the outer cam surface in a case where the mirror stops at the second position,
wherein the follower portion follows with the outer cam surface in a case where the mirror moves from the second position to the first position,
wherein the follower portion makes contact with the outer cam surface in a case where the mirror stops at the first position;
a rotation member engaged with the link member and configured to be driven to rotate by a driving source; and
a biasing member attached to the rotation member and configured to bias the follower portion toward the outer cam surface.

US Pat. No. 10,393,994

MOUNT FOR AN OPTICAL STRUCTURE HAVING A FLANGED PROTRUDING MEMBER AND METHOD OF MOUNTING AN OPTICAL STRUCTURE USING SUCH MOUNT

PLX, Inc., Deer Park, NY...

1. A mount assembly for an optical structure, comprising:an optical structure comprising at least one mirror panel, the mirror panel comprising a reflective surface and a back surface substantially opposite the reflective surface;
a protruding member extending from the back surface of the optical structure, comprising two substantially circular portions, a first portion having a first diameter and a second portion having a second diameter, wherein the first portion is located between the second portion and the back surface of the optical structure and wherein the first diameter is larger than the second diameter;
a base, comprising a mounting element and an upper element extending from the mounting element, the upper element having a cavity for receipt therein of at least a portion of the second portion of the protruding member;
wherein the receiving cavity of the upper element has a diameter ten thousandths (1/10,000) of an inch larger than the diameter of the second portion of the protruding member, so that an outside surface of the second portion of the protruding member is ten thousandths of an inch away from a corresponding inner surface of the receiving cavity when the portion of the second portion of the protruding member is secured within the cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,393,993

LENS DEVICE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A lens device comprising:a first optical system;
a second optical system that is disposed concentrically with the first optical system and has an annular shape;
a first stop that adjusts a light amount of light passing through the first optical system;
a second stop that adjusts a light amount of light passing through the second optical system;
a first optical system driving section that integrally moves the first optical system and the first stop along an optical axis; and
a second optical system driving section that integrally moves the second optical system and the second stop along the optical axis.

US Pat. No. 10,393,992

AUTO FOCUS BASED AUTO WHITE BALANCE

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A device, comprising:a memory; and
a processor coupled to a camera and the memory, the processor configured to:
determine a first number of statistics associated with a first frame;
cause the camera to perform a first autofocus operation;
determine a second number of statistics associated with a second frame during the first autofocus operation, the second number of statistics being less than the first number of statistics;
determine a white balance gain based on the first number of statistics and the second number of statistics; and
apply the white balance gain to a third frame.

US Pat. No. 10,393,991

MEMS DEVICE

LG Innotek Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS) device comprising:a fixed substrate having a first cavity;
a driving unit disposed in the first cavity, floating above the fixed substrate and having a first opening part formed in the driving unit to receive a lens; and
a plurality of elastic units for physically coupling the fixed substrate to the driving unit and varying a height of the driving unit according to a control current,
wherein the driving unit includes a plurality of second cavities divided with each other;
wherein each elastic unit includes a bimorph driving unit coupled to the fixed substrate and bent according to the control current, a spring coupled to the driving unit and disposed in each second cavity, and a frame coupling the bimorph driving unit to the spring,
wherein the driving unit includes a plurality of protrusion units protruded from a body of the driving unit and disposed in the plurality of second cavities, respectively,
wherein each of the second cavities is defined by at least a corresponding first side surface of the fixed substrate, a corresponding second side surface of the fixed substrate and a corresponding third side surface of the fixed substrate, each corresponding protrusion unit to protrude from the third side surface into the corresponding second cavity between the first side surface and the second side surface, each corresponding protrusion unit including a first surface and a second surface, and each of the second cavities is divided into a first region and a second region by each corresponding protrusion unit such that the corresponding first side surface of the fixed substrate faces the first surface of the protrusion unit and the corresponding second side surface of the fixed substrate faces the second surface of the protrusion unit,
wherein the spring of the each elastic unit includes a first spring disposed in the first region, and a second spring disposed in the second region,
wherein the first spring is disposed between the corresponding first side surface of the second cavity and the corresponding first surface of the protrusion unit, and the second spring is disposed between the corresponding second side surface of the second cavity and the corresponding second surface of the protrusion unit,
wherein the driving unit is in direct physical contact with the lens to adjust a focus by moving the lens,
wherein each of the elastic units receives a same amount of the control current, and the driving unit uniformly moves upward from all directions coupled to the elastic units,
wherein a first end of the first spring is coupled to the frame and a second end of the first spring is coupled to the first surface of the corresponding protrusion unit,
wherein a first end of the second spring is coupled to the frame and a second end of the second spring is coupled to the second surface of the corresponding protrusion unit, and
wherein the first spring is not in direct physical contact with the second spring.

US Pat. No. 10,393,987

OPTICAL RAIL SYSTEM AND METHOD USING QUICK-DISCONNECT OPTICAL COMPONENT MOUNTS

Newport Corporation, Irv...

1. An optical rail system, comprising:a plurality of rails; and
a mount secured to the plurality of rails, wherein the mount comprises a housing including a plurality of grooves registered with respective portions of the plurality of rails, wherein the housing comprises recesses proximate the grooves, and wherein the recesses are configured to accommodate the rails prior to insertion into and after removal from the grooves, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,393,986

DISTRIBUTED SPLIT CONFIGURATION FOR MULTI-DWELLING UNIT

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. A cable assembly comprising:a sheath having a longitudinal axis extending between a first end of the sheath and a second end of the sheath, the sheath defining an axial slit extending parallel to the longitudinal axis of the sheath;
an optical cable including a plurality of optical fibers, each optical fiber having a first end mounted at an optical ferrule, the first ends being free of plug-type connectors, the first ends of the optical fibers being disposed within the sheath, the first ends of the optical fibers being accessible through the axial slit; and
markings disposed on the sheath to indicate locations at which the optical ferrules can be accessed through the axial slit to facilitate installation.

US Pat. No. 10,393,985

GROMMET FOR CABLE HANGER

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. A grommet adapted for insertion into a cable hanger, comprising:a main body formed of a polymeric material, the main body having a generally C-shaped profile with an inner surface that defines a central cavity, the main body further having a length, a thickness and a longitudinal axis, the central cavity being centered in the main body; and
at least one rib projecting radially inwardly from the inner surface of the main body;
wherein the main body includes a plurality of apertures extending generally parallel to the longitudinal axis of the main body, each of the plurality of apertures having a closed perimeter in cross-section;
wherein each of the plurality of apertures is non-circular in cross-section and is positioned adjacent an inner diameter of the main body to reduce the effective hardness of the main body.

US Pat. No. 10,393,981

TWO-SIDED OPTICAL FIBER MANAGEMENT TRAY AND METHOD OF USE

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. A fiber management apparatus comprising:a fiber management tray including a top side and an opposite bottom side;
a closure that houses the fiber management tray, the closure having a bottom portion and a top portion that meet at a sealed interface, the closure also having a first end and an opposite second end with end ports positioned at both the first and second ends;
a cable anchoring plate secured to the bottom portion of the closure, the cable anchoring plate extending between the first and second ends of the closure; and
a tray mounting tower for pivotally mounting the fiber management tray to the closure such that the fiber management tray is elevated above the cable anchoring plate, the tray mounting tower having a middle portion, a latching post positioned at a first end of the middle portion, and a pivot mount post positioned at an opposite second end of the middle portion, the middle portion of the tray mounting tower being adapted to mount beneath the cable anchoring plate such that the latching post and the pivot mount post both extend above the cable anchoring plate.

US Pat. No. 10,393,980

FIBER DISTRIBUTION DEVICE

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. A fiber distribution hub comprising:an enclosure having a first side and a second side, the enclosure including at least a first openable and closable door at the first side of the enclosure for accessing at least a first portion of an interior of the enclosure, and at least a second openable and closable door at the second side of the enclosure for accessing at least a second portion of the interior of the enclosure;
a plurality of fiber optic adapters positioned within the interior of the enclosure;
a frame positioned within the interior of the enclosure on which the fiber optic adapters are supported; and
a plurality of connector holders for storing fiber optic connectors, the connector holders each being configured to hold a plurality of fiber optic connectors and lacking structure for providing an operational optical connection;
wherein the fiber optic connectors terminate ends of optical fibers;
wherein the fiber distribution hub defines a first routing path for routing the optical fibers to the connector holders; and
wherein the fiber distribution hub defines a second routing path for routing the optical fibers to the fiber optic adapters.

US Pat. No. 10,393,969

DUAL KEY POLARITY CHANGEABLE CONNECTOR

Senko Advanced Components...

1. An optical fiber connector comprising:a ferrule;
an inner housing disposed around at least a portion of the ferrule,
the inner housing having a front end portion and a rear end portion, the front end portion of the inner housing being configured to be inserted into an optical fiber adapter, wherein the ferrule is exposed through the front end portion of the inner housing such that the ferrule can make an optical connection when the front end portion of the inner housing is inserted into the optical fiber adapter;
a first key and a second key disposed along opposing sides of the inner housing, wherein the inner housing includes at least one protrusion on each side configured to lock the first key and the second key;
an outer housing disposed around at least a portion of the inner housing and the first key and the second key, the outer housing configured to be pulled rearward relative to the inner housing,
the outer housing is further configured to unlock the first key or the second key;
the outer housing further comprises a flexible portion configured to engage a mating portion of the inner housing,
the flexible portion further comprises an opening and a flat surface,
the opening has a circular shape;
the mating portion comprises a protruding portion configured to engage the opening when the flexible portion is pushed rearward relative to the inner housing; and
wherein the first key and the second key are in a moveable configuration and further wherein the first key is proximal of the second key for a first polarity and the second key is proximal of the first key for a second polarity.

US Pat. No. 10,393,959

PHOTONIC INTEGRATED CIRCUIT BONDED WITH INTERPOSER

Cisco Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising:bonding a first surface of an interposer wafer with a first exterior surface of a photonic wafer assembly, the photonic wafer assembly comprising one or more optical devices coupled with one or more metal layers and with one or more first optical waveguides;
forming, from a second surface of the interposer wafer opposite the first surface, a plurality of first conductive vias extending at least partway through the interposer wafer, wherein the plurality of first conductive vias are coupled with the one or more metal layers;
forming, at the second surface, a plurality of first conductive pads coupled with the plurality of first conductive vias; and
forming one or more second conductive pads coupled with the one or more metal layers, wherein the one or more second conductive pads are accessible at a second exterior surface of the photonic wafer assembly opposite the first exterior surface.

US Pat. No. 10,393,939

DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display panel;
a light source package configured to supply light; and
a light guide plate configured to receive the light supplied by the light source package and guide the light to the display panel;
wherein the light source package comprises:
a light source configured to generate the light;
a first reflector disposed around the light source;
a light converter disposed between the light source and the light guide plate, the light converter being configured to convert properties of the light directed toward the light guide plate; and
a second reflector protruding from the light converter toward the light source, the second reflector being configured to reflect the light generated by the light source toward the first reflector, and to reflect light reflected by the light converter toward the light guide plate.

US Pat. No. 10,393,937

BACKLIGHT UNIT AND DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A backlight unit comprising:a light guide plate including at least one first region including a light incidence surface and a second region extended away from the first region; and
a light source assembly including a plurality of light sources disposed on at least one side of the light guide plate adjacent to the first region,
wherein the first region and the second region include a plurality of first patterns and a plurality of second patterns, respectively, the first patterns and the second patterns are depressed engraving patterns, and the first patterns have a depth deeper than a depth of the second patterns.

US Pat. No. 10,393,934

MULTI-PANE WINDOW WITH A LOW EMISSIVITY LAYER AND A PHOTOCHROMIC GLASS

Corning Incorporated, Co...

1. A window comprising:an outside glass pane for interaction with outdoors comprising a low emissivity layer that transmits actinic radiation,
an inside glass pane for interaction with indoors comprising a photochromic glass and a non-photochromic glass separated by a low emissivity interface positioned therebetween,
the inside glass pane is spaced apart from and disposed substantially parallel to the outside glass pane, and
the actinic radiation transmitted by the outside glass pane and low emissivity layer reduces visible light transmittance through the photochromic glass.

US Pat. No. 10,393,929

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR A PROJECTOR SYSTEM WITH MULTIPLE DIFFRACTIVE OPTICAL ELEMENTS

Facebook Technologies, LL...

1. A system comprising:a light source;
a first diffractive optical element (DOE), optically coupled with the light source, that produces a first diffracted light pattern;
at least one additional DOE, optically coupled with the light source in series with the first DOE, that produces at least one additional diffracted light pattern;
a first actuator that moves, in response to a first actuator control signal, the first DOE in a first plane perpendicular to an optical axis of the system; and
a first lens, optically coupled with the first DOE and the at least one additional DOE, that projects structured light onto a local area based on the first diffracted light pattern and the at least one additional diffracted light pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,393,928

BANDS OF RETROREFLECTIVE TARGETS AND METHODS OF MAKING SAME

1. A method for producing a band of retroreflective targets, the method comprising:cutting at least one hole into a matte first material;
die-cutting a retroreflective material to create at least one retroreflective target;
coupling an adhesive layer to the first material; and
inserting the at least one target into a corresponding hole of the at least one hole in the first material.

US Pat. No. 10,393,922

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR THE CONTROLLED DETERMINATION OF CHANNEL WAVES

TOTAL SA, Courbevoie (FR...

1. A method, implemented by computer, for the controlled determination of channels on the basis of a model comprising at least:a space of points, said points having coordinates in said space,
a representation of a well in said space, said well representation having coordinates in said space, a first distance to boundary being associated with said representation,wherein the method comprises the steps of:determining a first channel path in said model, said first path having a first casing, said first casing being internally tangent at a first point of tangency to a polar form having a center that is part of the representation and having a radius that is said first distance to boundary associated with said representation;
determining at least one first exclusion region in said model as a function of said point of tangency; and
determining at least one second channel path in said model, said second path having a second casing, the intersection of the at least one first exclusion region and said second casing being empty, and determining a union between said first path and said at least one second path;and wherein the step of determining at least one second path is repeated if at least one condition is satisfied in a set of conditions comprising:the intersection of said well representation and said determined union is empty.

US Pat. No. 10,393,920

ASSESSING ORGANIC RICHNESS USING MICRORESISTIVITY IMAGES AND ACOUSTIC VELOCITY

Weatherford Technology Ho...

1. A method of determining organic richness in a formation, the method comprising:obtaining a microresistivity image of a wellbore penetrating the formation, wherein the microresistivity image comprises a two-dimensional image indicating microresistivity values around a circumference of the wellbore at a plurality of locations within the wellbore;
obtaining acoustic logging data for the formation;
fusing the microresistivity image with the acoustic logging data to generate a pseudo-acoustic image of the formation, wherein fusing the microresistivity image with the acoustic logging data comprises:
determining a microresistivity value at each of the plurality of locations within the wellbore,
using a series of linear regressions to correlate the microresistivity values to the acoustic logging data to generate a pseudo-acoustic transformation function, and
transforming the microresistivity image using the pseudo-acoustic transformation function to generate the pseudo-acoustic image; and
determining an organic richness image based on the pseudo-acoustic image.

US Pat. No. 10,393,919

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING DOWNHOLE PARAMETES

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A method, comprising:disposing a downhole tool to a depth in a well on a reeled conveyance, the downhole tool including a calorimetric sensor having a heater and a temperature sensor, the heater and the temperature sensor positioned on and flush with an exterior surface of the downhole tool;
flowing a fluid in the well, the heater and the temperature sensor in thermal contact with the fluid;
determining a first velocity of the fluid at a first depth via the calorimetric sensor; and
determining a first parameter of the well at the first depth based on the first velocity of the fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,393,913

PETROPHYSICAL INVERSIONS SYSTEMS AND METHODS FIELD

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A method of evaluating properties of a formation, comprising:a. using a downhole tool in a well to acquire raw electromagnetic measurements at multiple radial depths of investigation, wherein the raw electromagnetic measurements are representative of one or more of resistivity, conductivity or permittivity of the formation; and,
b. directly calculating information relating to the formation geometry and one or more petrophysical properties from the raw measurements or a subset thereof, wherein directly calculating includes performing a direct inversion for the geometry of the formation and petrophysical properties of the formation from the raw measurements or a subset thereof,
c. generating a model of an invasion profile of the formation based on the direct inversion.

US Pat. No. 10,393,911

NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE (NMR) INTERECHO INTERVAL CONTROL METHODS AND SYSTEMS

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) logging tool, comprising:a pulsed magnetic field source; and
a controller in communication with the pulsed magnetic field source to provide a pulse sequence to generate a plurality of spin echoes each separated by an interecho interval (TE) selected to align a spin echo peak with a measurement deadtime boundary, wherein the controller includes an asymmetric receiver window which is positioned asymmetrically with respect to the spin echo peak, wherein the asymmetric receiver window is only open for a portion of each of the plurality of spin echoes.

US Pat. No. 10,393,909

DIFFERENTIAL TARGET ANTENNA COUPLING (“DTAC”) DATA CORRECTIONS

Arizona Board of Regents ...

1. A method for removing an influence of a primary electromagnetic (“EM”) field from a set of secondary EM field measurements to enhance detection and analysis of a subsurface target by a subsurface imaging and detection system employing differential target antenna coupling (“DTAC”), wherein a secondary EM field is produced as a result of interactions between the primary EM field and a subsurface environment, the method comprising:(a) selecting a reference frequency (200) from a plurality of received frequencies, wherein data at the reference frequency comprises a set of residual primary EM field data and a set of secondary EM field data;
(b) measuring a horizontal EM field component (201) of a secondary magnetic field at the reference frequency and measuring or calculating a vertical EM field component of an in-phase EM field at the reference frequency;
(c) computing an orthogonality correction angle (203), wherein the subsurface imaging and detection system has a receiver-coil, wherein the orthogonality correction angle is a mathematical difference between a present receiver-coil orientation angle and an orientation of the receiver-coil when the receiver-coil is orthogonal to the in-phase EM field;
(d) measuring a horizontal EM field component of an in-phase magnetic field and measuring or calculating a vertical EM field component of an in-phase magnetic field (204) at a first data frequency, where the first data frequency is one of the plurality of received frequencies;
(e) calculating a present inclination angle of the receiver-coil relative to the primary field at the first data frequency (205) using the horizontal EM field component of the in-phase EM field at the first data frequency and the vertical EM field component of the in-phase EM field at the first data frequency;
(f) computing an orthogonality corrected in-phase EM field (206) for the first data frequency using the orthogonality correction angle and the present inclination angle of the receiver-coil; and
(g) repeating steps (a) through (f) to obtain a corrected in-phase EM field for each of the plurality of received frequencies,
wherein the method is for removing the primary in-phase EM field while maintaining the secondary in-phase EM field as the primary in-phase EM field changes.

US Pat. No. 10,393,908

BOBBIN CONSTRUCTION AND COIL WINDING METHOD

Rockwell Automation Techn...

17. An inductive sensor, comprising:a sensor housing;
a printed circuit board comprising one or more electrical components of the inductive sensor;
a bobbin installed between an inside surface of the sensor housing and the printed circuit board, the bobbin comprising a central hub, a single flange that extends radially from the central hub, and at least one conductive pin located at or near an outer edge of the single flange and that extends perpendicular to a surface of the single flange; and
at least one coil assembly installed on the bobbin.

US Pat. No. 10,393,905

TORSIONAL WAVE LOGGING

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A system for torsional wave logging in a borehole of a subterranean formation, comprising:a sonic tool in the borehole comprising:
a torsional wave transmitter configured to generate a torsional wave propagating within a cylindrical layered structure associated with the borehole, wherein the cylindrical layered structure comprises the subterranean formation and a completion of the borehole, wherein the torsional wave transmitter is mounted on a first sliding pad in a ring configuration in the borehole;
a torsional wave receiver configured to obtain a torsional wave measurement of the borehole, wherein the torsional wave receiver is mounted on a second sliding pad in the borehole,
wherein the first sliding pad and the second sliding pad are at a pre-determined distance from each other and are in frictional coupling with an inside surface of the completion; and
a processor configured to analyze the torsional wave measurement wherein analyzing includes analyzing, using a pre-determined algorithm, the torsional wave measurement to determine a torsional wave magnitude dependency on azimuth, the processor further configured to analyze, based on a pre-determined criterion, the torsional wave magnitude dependency on azimuth to generate the quality measure of the completion, wherein the completion comprises a casing and a filled annulus between the casing and the subterranean formation,
wherein the quality measure of the completion identifies presence of fluid channel in the cylindrical layered structure when the torsional wave magnitude is less than a pre-determined threshold for any multi-pole wave mode of the torsional wave, or
wherein the quality measure of the completion identifies eccentricity between the casing and the borehole when the torsional wave magnitude exceeds the pre-determined threshold for at least one multi-pole wave mode of the torsional wave.

US Pat. No. 10,393,904

PREDICTING STRESS-INDUCED ANISOTROPY EFFECT ON ACOUSTIC TOOL RESPONSE

Weatherford Technology Ho...

1. A non-transitory machine readable medium on which instructions are stored, comprising instructions that when executed cause a machine for evaluating a subsurface geological formation for extraction of hydrocarbon from at least one wellbore in the subsurface geological formation to:receive a plurality of input data, the input data comprising: (a) information corresponding to the at least one wellbore of the subsurface geological formation, and (b) at least one downhole acoustic tool response property of a downhole acoustic tool;
construct a geomechanical model based at least in part on the input data;
create, based at least in part on the geomechanical model, at least one near-field versus far-field stress distribution that corresponds to the at least one wellbore;
create at least one near-wellbore versus far-field velocity distribution based at least in part on the at least one near-field versus far-field stress distribution;
compare the at least one near-field versus far-field velocity distribution with the at least one downhole acoustic tool response property, the at least one downhole acoustic tool response property indicating a penetration depth of the downhole acoustic tool for the subsurface geological formation;
detect, from the comparison, areas where the at least one downhole acoustic tool response property stays within a near-wellbore velocity field affected by near-wellbore stress field concentration to identify an operational guideline output; and
operate the downhole acoustic tool to measure acoustic responses in the at least one wellbore of the subsurface geological formation,
wherein the detected areas identified in the operational guideline output predict that the measured acoustic responses at least in the detected areas are dominated by either stress-induced effects or intrinsic anisotropy characterizing the subsurface geological formation.

US Pat. No. 10,393,902

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ACQUISITION OF SEISMIC DATA

SHELL OIL COMPANY, Houst...

1. A method comprising:providing a sensor in a first wellbore segment in a formation;
providing a sensor in a second wellbore segment in the formation; and
observing upgoing acoustic waves or downgoing acoustic waves with the sensors; and
separating the upgoing acoustic waves and/or the downgoing acoustic waves from a total wave field;
wherein the first wellbore segment and the second wellbore segment are non-vertical and separated by a distance;
wherein the first wellbore segment and the second wellbore segment do not both lie with a single vertical plane and are not parallel to each other; and
wherein said sensor in said first wellbore segment and said sensor in said second wellbore segment intersect a vertical line in the formation.

US Pat. No. 10,393,900

PROCESS FOR CHARACTERISING THE EVOLUTION OF AN OIL OR GAS RESERVOIR OVER TIME

Total S.A., Courbevoie (...

1. A method for characterising evolution of a reservoir by determining a seismic wavelet which links observed seismic data to a sequence of reflectivities, said method comprising:obtaining seismic data representing seismic changes which have occurred between a first time and a second time defining a production period over which hydrocarbons have been extracted, said seismic data comprising a plurality of seismic traces; and
performing an optimisation operation simultaneously on said plurality of seismic traces so as to optimise for said seismic wavelet, said optimization operation comprising simultaneously optimising for said seismic wavelet and reflectivity change data occurring between said first time and said second time;
extracting the time-lapsed changes in the seismic traces collected over the production period;
integrating the time-lapsed changes in the seismic traces with production data;
using the integrated time-lapsed changes in the seismic traces and the production data to manage at least one of extraction of oil and gas from the reservoir and injection of other fluids into the reservoir; and
wherein said optimisation operation is performed without using known reflectivity data as an input.

US Pat. No. 10,393,898

UNDERWATER NODE FOR SEISMIC SURVEYS AND METHOD

Seabed Geosolutions B.V.,...

1. An autonomous seismic node for recording seismic waves underwater, the node comprising:a first plate and a second plate;
a first module that houses at least one seismic sensor and a first data storage device;
a second module removably attached to the first module and configured to slide between the first and second plates, the second module including a second data storage device;
a third module removably attached to the first module and configured to slide between the first and second plates, the third module including a first battery,
wherein the second and third modules are independently removable from the node without removing the first data storage device from the node.

US Pat. No. 10,393,896

REAL-TIME IN-SITU SUB-SURFACE IMAGING

GEORGIA STATE UNIVERSITY ...

1. A real-time in-situ sub-surface imaging system comprised of:a plurality of wireless sensor nodes and a plurality of wired sensor nodes, wherein each sensor node comprises:
a processor in communication with a memory;
a communication module;
an energy source;
a sensor; and
a sensor interface board; and
a mesh network comprised of the wireless and wired sensor nodes, wherein the plurality of wireless sensor nodes communicate wirelessly with other wireless sensor nodes and the plurality of wired sensor nodes communicate through wires to other wire sensor nodes and wherein the plurality of wireless and wired sensor nodes sense geophysical signals, self-form and self-adapt to form the mesh network for communication among the plurality of sensor nodes,
wherein distributed data processing and sub-surface imaging computing are performed in the mesh network of sensor nodes in real-time.

US Pat. No. 10,393,894

FAST NEURON SPECTROSCOPY WITH TENSIONED METASTABLE FLUID DETECTORS

Purdue Research Foundatio...

1. A portable system for detecting neutrons comprising a plurality of tensioned metastable fluid detectors (TMFDs), a neutron source, and a tensioned metastable fluid detector controller, wherein the portable system is configured to acquire a vector matrix [EV], generate a response matrix [RM], and derive a neutron energy vector [NE] based on [EV]=[RM]x[NE], wherein [EV] is a vector matrix of results of relative detection time for a range of Pneg values obtained experimentally by placing said plurality of tensioned metastable fluid detectors (TMFDs) equidistance from an unknown neutron source, RM is a response matrix representing a probability matrix for detecting a fraction of neutrons of a certain energy from cavitation detection events, and Pneg is the tensioned negative pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,393,887

FLUORINE RESISTANT, RADIATION RESISTANT, AND RADIATION DETECTION GLASS SYSTEMS

1. An alkali free fluorophosphate glass formed from a composition, consisting of:barium metaphosphate Ba(PO3)2, from 5 to 60 mol percent;
aluminum metaphosphate Al(PO3)3 from 5 to 60 mol percent, and
fluorides;
where the fluorides are selected from a group consisting of:
barium fluoride BaF2 and RFx 10 to 40 mol percent;
where R is selected from a group consisting of: Mg, Ca, Sr, Pb, Y, Bi, Al, and subscript x is an index representing an amount of fluorine (F) in the compound RFx; and
one or more dopant from 0.1 to 25 wt percent over 100 wt percent of the glass base composition,
the one or more dopant are selected from a group consisting of:
CeO2, CeF3, Gd2O3, GdF3, Dy2O3, DyF3, Lu2O3, LuF3, and mixtures thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,393,885

GAMMA RADIATION STAND-OFF DETECTION, TAMPER DETECTION, AND AUTHENTICATION VIA RESONANT META-MATERIAL STRUCTURES

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An apparatus, comprising:an ionizing-radiation-sensitive optical nanostructure;
an optical radiation source that delivers an optical interrogation beam to the optical nanostructure; and
an optical receiver that receives at least a portion of the optical interrogation beam from the optical nanostructure and provides an estimate of an ionizing-radiation dose based on the received portion;
wherein the optical interrogation beam includes optical radiation at a plurality of wavelengths and the optical receiver is situated to receive reflected, transmitted, or scattered optical radiation from the ionizing-radiation-sensitive nanostructure and provide the estimate of the ionizing-radiation dose based on a reflectance change as a function of wavelength.

US Pat. No. 10,393,883

ON DEMAND POSITIONING

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for determining a location of a mobile station, comprising:determining one or more signal metrics from at least one wide area device, local area device, personal area network device or any combination thereof;
comparing the one or more signal metrics to one or more predefined thresholds;
determining background position information for the mobile station based on the one or more signal metrics and the comparing; and
storing the background position information.

US Pat. No. 10,393,878

VEHICLE-TO-X-COMMUNICATION MODULE

1. A vehicle-to-X communication module for a vehicle, including:a transceiver configured to exchange data with other vehicles; and
a processor configured to send operating data including at least one of satellite almanac data or satellite ephemeris data to a satellite navigation module that is arranged in the vehicle and configured to compute a position of the vehicle based on the operating data,
wherein the operating data is received by the transceiver from another vehicle when a stored operating data is determined to be invalid.

US Pat. No. 10,393,875

TIME OF FLIGHT BASED SENSOR

1. A device comprising:a time of flight sensor configured to measure a distance of the time of flight sensor relative to a reflector external to the device, the time of flight sensor configured to be attached to a slidable barrier, the reflector configured to be attached to a frame of the slidable barrier;
a user input element configured to receive an identification of the first position of the device relative to the reflector;
a processor configured to perform operations comprising:
generating a first set of sample distance measurements based on a first position of the time of flight sensor relative to the reflector, in response to receiving the identification of the first position of the device relative to the reflector;
associating the identification of the first position with the first set of sample distance measurements;
generating a second set of sample distance measurements based on a second position of the time of flight sensor relative to the reflector;
determining a first range of the first set of sample distance measurements and a second range of the second set of sample distance measurements;
comparing the first range with the second range;
identifying a position of the device relative to the reflector based on the comparison;
calculating sample distance measurements with the time of flight sensor; and
determining a movement direction of the device relative to the reflector based on a change in the sample distance measurements.

US Pat. No. 10,393,873

ADAPTIVE MITIGATION OF ULTRASONIC EMISSION IN VEHICULAR OBJECT DETECTION SYSTEMS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. Object detection apparatus in an automotive vehicle, comprising:an ultrasonic range sensor having at least one ultrasonic transducer for generating ultrasonic bursts at a controllable rate; and
a controller for tracking at least one object which reflects the ultrasonic bursts to the sensor, wherein the controller provides a command signal to the sensor to adaptively set the controllable rate according to a result of the tracked object, wherein the controller sets the controllable rate to a standard rate, except for setting the controllable rate to a reduced rate which is less than the standard rate when the tracked object is maintaining a stable relative position, and wherein the stable relative position is comprised of the tracked object having a relative velocity less than a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,393,871

METHOD FOR COMPUTATIONALLY SIMPLE RANGE-DOPPLER-ANGLE TRACKING USING GOERZEL FILTER

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES OP...

1. A method of determining a tracking parameter for a target in a radar system, comprising:providing a discrete frequency spectrum for an input signal obtained at the radar system from reflection of a source signal from the target;
shifting the discrete frequency spectrum in frequency space by a selected amount to obtain a shifted spectrum;
filtering the shifted spectrum using a filter that is shifted in frequency space a same amount as the shifted spectrum; and
determining the tracking parameter from a central frequency of the frequency spectrum at which an intensity of the shifted and filtered spectrum is a peak intensity.

US Pat. No. 10,393,867

PHOTONIC HYBRID RECEIVE ANTENNA

The United States of Amer...

1. An improved electromagnetic system for determining the location of an objectreflecting radio frequency (RF) waves comprising:
an optical waveguide;
a plurality of optical sources, the plurality of optical sources configured to transmit a multiple wavelength signal through the optical wave guide;
a plurality of wavelength selective fiber bragg gratings (FBGs) and a plurality of electromagnetic (EM) elements, each of the EM elements comprised of a metal plate and a ground plane, and further comprising a substrate having a first and second side, the first side disposed adjacent to the metal plate and the second side disposed adjacent to the ground plane, wherein each of the EM elements is configured to induce a voltage across the substrate from the metal plate to the ground plane when the metal plate is exposed to RF waves, and wherein the plurality of wavelength selective FBGs and the plurality of EM elements are disposed on the optical waveguide in alternating relationship, wherein the optical waveguide passes through the substrate such that when the multiple wavelength signal is emitted from the plurality of optical sources and is transmitted through the optical waveguide, its phase is delayed by the voltage within the EM elements and is reflected back down the optical waveguide by the plurality of wavelength selective FBGs, wherein the plurality of EM elements induces another phase delay;
a demultiplexer, the demultiplexer configured to separate the multiple wavelength signal into a plurality of individual wavelengths that transmit through a plurality of optical waveguides, and wherein the demultiplexer is disposed on the optical wave guide such that it receives the multiple wavelength signal after reflection by the FBGs;
a measuring and recording system disposed on the plurality of optical waveguides such that it receives the plurality of individual wavelengths and is configured to measure and record phase delays of the plurality of individual wavelengths; and
a system controller in communication with the measuring and recording system and configured to compute an angle of arrival, a range, and a power based on differences in the phase delays of the plurality of individual wavelengths, and configured to determine the location of the object reflecting RF waves from the angle of arrival, the range, and the power; and
an output system in communication with the system controller, the output system configured to communicate the location of the object reflecting RF waves to a user.

US Pat. No. 10,393,860

MULTI-PLATFORM LOCATION DECEPTION DETECTION SYSTEM

General Electric Company,...

1. A computer-implemented method of identifying a synthetic track, comprising:receiving, by one or more computing devices, a plurality of emissions from one or more platforms,
wherein the emissions are generated in an emission sequence and are generated to create a track indicative of an object travel path;
determining, by the one or more computing devices, whether an irregularity associated with the track exists based at least in part on one or more of the emissions, including determining, by the one or more computing devices, whether one or more short angle deviations exist in the track; and
rejecting, by the one or more computing devices, the track as an actual object travel path when it is determined that the irregularity associated with the track exists.

US Pat. No. 10,393,859

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ADAPTIVE SIMULTANEOUS TRANSMIT AND RECEIVE LEAKAGE CANCELLATION

RAYTHEON COMPANY, Waltha...

1. A method for leakage signal cancellation in a simultaneous transmit and receive RF system, the method comprising:generating a digital transmit signal;
delaying the digital transmit signal by a FIFO to control the number of delayed clock cycles of the digital transmit signal;
converting the delayed digital signal to an analog transmit signal and transmitting the analog transmit signal from the system;
receiving a receive signal produced by reflection of the analog transmit signal from an object or generated by a second RF system;
adaptively filtering the digital transmit signal by an adaptive finite input response (FIR) filter;
converting a digital output signal of the adaptive FIR filter to analog domain to generate an analog cancellation signal;
calculating filter coefficients for the adaptive FIR filter in real-time;
adaptively inputting the calculated filter coefficients to the adaptive FIR filter;
adding the analog cancellation signal to the receive signal to generate an analog error signal for cancelling leakage in the receive signal;
converting the analog error signal to a digital error signal; and
using the digital error signal to calculate the filter coefficients for the adaptive FIR filter in real-time.

US Pat. No. 10,393,857

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR MEASURING ANGLE OF ARRIVAL OF SIGNALS TRANSMITTED BETWEEN DEVICES

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method, at a receiving device, comprising:receiving, at multiple antennas, at least a first portion of a first packet signal transmitted from a transmitter on a first communication channel to provide a processed packet signal;
obtaining a reference signal emulating one or more aspects of the first packet signal as transmitted by the transmitter based, at least in part, on a received wireless signal transmitted from the transmitter on a second communication channel different than the first communication channel; and
estimating an angle of arrival of the first packet signal based, at least in part, on the processed packet signal and the reference signal.

US Pat. No. 10,393,856

USING BLUETOOTH BEACONS TO AUTOMATICALLY UPDATE THE LOCATION WITHIN A PORTABLE GAS DETECTOR'S LOGS

HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL I...

1. A method for updating the location information on a gas detector device, the method comprising:receiving, by a gas detector device, a wireless beacon, when the gas detector device passes within the range of the wireless beacon, wherein the wireless beacon contains location information;
updating, by the gas detector device, the location information stored on the gas detector device using the location information from the wireless beacon;
associating, by the gas detector device, subsequent readings taken by one or more sensors of the gas detector device with the updated location information;
receiving, by the gas detector device, a second wireless beacon, when the gas detector device passes within the range of the second wireless beacon, wherein the second wireless beacon contains second location information;
updating, by the gas detector device, the location information stored on the gas detector device using the second location information from the second wireless beacon; and
associating subsequent readings taken by the one or more sensors of the gas detector device with the updated second location information.

US Pat. No. 10,393,855

METHOD OF DETERMINING THE POSITION OF AN RFID TRANSPONDER

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method of determining the position of an RFID transponder comprising:separately emitting at least two electromagnetic alternating fields from at least two antenna to an RFID transponder, wherein the at least two antenna are at a distance from one another so that the two electromagnetic alternating fields are emitted at a distance from one another;
activating reflection properties of an antenna of the RFID transponder;
modifying, after activating the reflection properties, the emitted at least two electromagnetic alternating fields;
reflecting the modified at least two electromagnetic alternating fields to the RFID transponder so that the reflected electromagnetic alternating fields are sent back to the at least two antenna;
determining at least two transit times of the modified at least two electromagnetic alternating fields from the start of emission of each modified electromagnetic alternating field to receiving back each respective modified electromagnetic alternating field;
determining at least two distances between the at least two antenna and the RFID transponder; and
determining the position of the RFID transponder from the at least two distances relative to the at least two antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,393,854

ENHANCED ELEVATION DETECTION FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE SYSTEMS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method comprising:receiving, at an emergency response system, a first location comprising a latitude and a longitude at which a first device is located;
receiving, at an emergency response system, an air pressure reading measured by the first device;
computing, using the air pressure reading and a mean sea-level barometric measurement, a first elevation of a device;
computing, using the first location, a corresponding street address;
computing, using the street address and the first elevation, a floor number;
transmitting, to a second device, the street address and the floor number;
receiving, at an emergency response system, location information for a responder;
determining, using the street address, the first elevation, and the floor number, a horizontal distance and a vertical distance to the location of the responder;
reporting, to the first device, the horizontal distance and the vertical distance;
determining that the horizontal distance is below a horizontal distance threshold and that the vertical distance is below a vertical distance threshold; and
reporting, to the first device, a proximity alert.

US Pat. No. 10,393,850

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD OF ANGLE OF DEPARTURE (AOD) ESTIMATION

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. A wireless apparatus comprising:processing circuitry arranged to:
decode association information from an access point (AP), the association information comprising an association between an angle and at least one of a tone or timing for each of a plurality of tones, each angle associated with a unique tone or set of tones;
decode a symbol transmitted on each of the plurality of tones from the AP;
determine that a particular tone at least one of is a strongest or an earliest of the plurality of tones;
estimate an Angle of Departure (AoD) from the particular tone and from the association; and
determine a position of the wireless apparatus based on the AoD for a set of the plurality of tones; and
a memory configured to store the association.

US Pat. No. 10,393,849

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR VERIFYING SUB METERING ACCURACY FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING STATIONS

1. A system for verifying accuracy of an electric meter, comprising:an electric vehicle charging station comprising a submeter that measures an amount of energy discharged from the electric vehicle charging station;
a meter test device connected to the electric vehicle charging station to determine accuracy of the submeter by independently measuring the amount of energy discharged from the electric vehicle charging station; and
an electric vehicle plugged into the electric vehicle charging station,
wherein the meter test device is programmed to perform a power up test, full-load charge test, light-load charge test, an interruption test, and a harmonic test.

US Pat. No. 10,393,845

SIGNAL TRANSMITTER FOR PILOT TONE NAVIGATION

Siemens Healthcare GmbH, ...

13. A system comprising:a transmitter for pilot tone navigation in a magnetic resonance tomography system, the transmitter comprising:
a power supply comprising a photo element;
an antenna, wherein the transmitter is configured to transmit a pilot tone signal via the antenna; and
a decoupling element for decoupling a transmitter output from signals that the antenna receives in the magnetic resonance tomography system by excitation pulses of the magnetic resonance tomography system; and
the magnetic resonance tomography system having an internal pulsing and frequencies derived from the internal pulsing,
wherein multiples correspond in each case to frequencies of n times a basic frequency Fg with n as a natural number, and
wherein the frequency of the local oscillator of the transmitter and the frequency of the pilot tone signal correspond to frequencies of m times the basic frequency Fg with m as a natural number.

US Pat. No. 10,393,844

MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING APPARATUS AND MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING METHOD

TOSHIBA MEDICAL SYSTEMS C...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging apparatus, comprising:a multicoil including a plurality of coil elements; and
processing circuitry configured to
compare an imaging region of a main scan with a region for which one or more already generated sensitivity distribution maps generated by executing a first reference scan are available to the processing circuitry or for which the first reference scan has been executed,
determine, based at least on the compare, whether a lacking region within the imaging region exists, wherein the lacking region is a region for which said already generated one or more sensitivity distribution maps are not available or for which the first reference scan has not been executed,
when the lacking region exists, calculate the lacking region by eliminating a region of the already generated sensitivity distribution maps from the imaging region, execute a second reference scan acquiring nuclear magnetic resonance signal from the lacking region, and newly generate a sensitivity distribution map corresponding to the lacking region based on the nuclear magnetic resonance signals acquired by the second reference scan,
when the lacking region does not exist, skip the second reference scan, and
execute the main scan acquiring nuclear magnetic resonance signals from the imaging region via the multicoil using a parallel imaging sequence, and generate image data of an object based on the nuclear magnetic resonance signals acquired by the main scan, using the already generated and the newly generated sensitivity distribution maps when the lacking region exists, while using only the already generated sensitivity distribution maps when the lacking region does not exist.

US Pat. No. 10,393,842

HIGHLY-SCALABLE IMAGE RECONSTRUCTION USING DEEP CONVOLUTIONAL NEURAL NETWORKS WITH BANDPASS FILTERING

The Board of Trustees of ...

1. A method for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) comprising:(a) scanning a field of view using an MRI apparatus;
(b) acquiring sub-sampled multi-channel k-space data U representative of MRI signals in the field of view;
(c) estimating an imaging model A and corresponding model adjoint Aadj by estimating a sensitivity profile map;
(d) dividing sub-sampled multi-channel k-space data U into sub-sampled k-space patches;
(e) processing the sub-sampled k-space patches using a deep convolutional neural network (ConvNet) to produce corresponding fully-sampled k-space patches;
(f) assembling the fully-sampled k-space patches together with each other and with the sub-sampled multi-channel k-space data U to form a fully-sampled k-space data V,
(g) transforming the fully-sampled k-space data V to image space using the model adjoint Aadj operation to produce an image domain MRI image.

US Pat. No. 10,393,841

MAGNETIC RESONANCE COIL SELECTION METHOD AND COMPUTER

Siemens Healthcare GmbH, ...

1. A magnetic resonance (MR) coil selection method, comprising:providing a computer with a range parameter that is associated with a size of a target region ROI to be detected by operation of an MR data acquisition scanner, and in said computer, acquiring a detection range parameter of each coil that is available for use in the MR scanner;
in said computer, determining a coil that has a detection range that overlaps with a range of the ROI by:
taking a detection range of the coil to be an oriented bounding box OBB, taking the range of the ROI to be an OBB, each of the OBBs having 3 independent faces, and 3 independent edge directions;
with regard to the two OBBs, performing the following detection:
A: detecting whether a first separating axis exists, which separating axis is orthogonal to 3 independent faces of one of the two OBBs;
B: detecting whether a second separating axis exists, which separating axis is orthogonal to 3 independent faces of the other of the two OBBs;
C: combining the total 6 independent edge directions of the two OBBs in pairs, to form 9 edge pair sets, and detecting whether a third separating axis exists, which third separating axis is orthogonal to the 9 edge pair sets; and
if the detections A, B and C all hold true, then the two OBBs do not overlap, otherwise the two OBBs overlap; and
selecting the coil having a detection range that overlaps with the range of the ROI for use in said MR scanner in order to acquire MR data from said target region ROI.

US Pat. No. 10,393,840

MAGNETIC RESONANCE APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ACQUIRING MEASUREMENT DATA DURING SIMULTANEOUS MANIPULATION OF SPATIALLY SEPARATE SUB-VOLUMES

Siemens Healthcare GmbH, ...

1. A method for acquiring magnetic resonance measurement data from a subject, comprising:loading a control protocol into a control computer of a magnetic resonance apparatus, said control protocol causing said control computer to operate a magnetic resonance data acquisition scanner of the apparatus to acquire magnetic resonance data from a subject in a data acquisition sequence;
in said control computer, automatically determining sequence control data that are relevant to the control protocol, said sequence control data defining different functional sub-sequences of said acquisition sequence, wherein said sub-sequences cause nuclear spins in at least two sub-volumes of the subject to be simultaneously manipulated or used to acquire said magnetic resonance data;
in said control computer, for each functional sub-sequence, determining a respective effective volume dependent on the sub-volumes that are associated with the respective sub-sequence;
in said control computer, for each effective volume, individually determining applicable underlying conditions that exist in the data acquisition scanner for the determined sequence control data and for the respective effective volumes determined for the associated sub-volumes;
in said control computer, generating control signals for operating said data acquisition scanner from said sequence control data, said effective volumes, and said underlying conditions in order to perform said acquisition sequence with the respective sub-sequences being individually locally optimized for each effective volume of an associated sub-volume; and
making the generated control signals available from the control computer in electronic form while operating the data acquisition scanner.

US Pat. No. 10,393,839

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IMAGE PROCESSING WITH HIGHLY UNDERSAMPLED IMAGING DATA

Arizona Board of Regents ...

1. A system for processing magnetic resonance imaging data from an MRI device, comprising:an interface configured to receive the imaging data generated by the MRI device, the imaging data being generated using a multi-echo spin-echo (MESE) pulse sequence and being highly undersampled;
a set of training curves generated from imaging data for a range of expected T2 values;
a set of principal components derived from the set of training curves, the principal components being representative of T2 decay curves in the presence of indirect echoes generated by imperfections in the radio frequency refocusing pulses associated with the MRI device, wherein the refocusing pulses are not 180° across the entire imaging slice/volume; and
a processor configured to apply the set of principal components to the imaging data to compensate for the imperfections in the refocusing pulses used in the MRI device that distort the generated imaging data to thereby generate a corrected T2 map that reduces T2 value dependence on the imperfection in the MRI device and to display a more accurate MRI image.

US Pat. No. 10,393,838

METHOD FOR CORRECTING PHASE OFFSETS IN QUANTITATIVE CHEMICAL SHIFT ENCODED MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING

Wisconsin Alumni Research...

1. A method for correcting phase errors in chemical shift encoded data acquired with a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system, the steps of the method comprising:(a) acquiring chemical shift encoded data from a subject using an MRI system operating a pulse sequence that induces linear phase errors in multiple different echoes;
(b) generating first complex-valued estimates of a water image, a fat image, and a field map using a complex fitting of the acquired chemical shift encoded data, wherein the initial complex-valued estimates are indicative of a proton density fat fraction dynamic range of zero to one hundred percent;
(c) generating magnitude estimates of a water image and a fat image independently on a voxel-by-voxel basis using a magnitude fitting of the acquired chemical shift encoded data in which the first complex-valued estimates of the water image and the fat image are used as initial values;
(d) generating second complex-valued estimates of a water image and a fat image independently on a voxel-by-voxel basis using a complex fitting of the acquired chemical shift encoded data in which the first complex-valued estimates of the water image, the fat image, and the field map are used as initial values;
(e) producing a phase-corrected water image and a phase-corrected fat image by estimating linear phase offsets associated with the linear phase errors induced by the pulse sequence, wherein estimating the linear phase offsets is based on minimizing an objective function that includes a difference between the magnitude estimates of the water image and the fat image and the second complex-valued estimates of the water image and the fat image; and
(f) generating a proton density fat fraction map based on the phase-corrected water image and the phase-corrected fat image.

US Pat. No. 10,393,833

MAGNET ARRANGEMENT WITH FIELD-SHAPING ELEMENT FOR REDUCING THE RADIAL FIELD COMPONENT IN THE REGION OF AN HTS SECTION

BRUKER BIOSPIN GMBH, Rhe...

1. A superconducting magnet coil arrangement extending in an axial direction and comprising:at least one high-temperature superconductor (HTS) coil section formed as a solenoid and wound with an HTS tape conductor, the HTS coil section having a first end and a second end spaced-apart from one another in the axial direction; and
a field shaping device including a first field-shaping element and a second field-shaping element, each respectively adjacent the first end and the second end of the HTS coil section,
wherein the first field-shaping element and the second field-shaping element are configured to reduce a maximum field angle of a magnetic field generated by the magnet coil arrangement with respect to the axial direction in a region of the HTS coil section by at least 1.5° in comparison with the maximum field angle when no such field-shaping device is present.

US Pat. No. 10,393,829

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR POSITION DETERMINATION IN A MAGNETIC RESONANCE TOMOGRAPHY UNIT

Siemens Healthcare GmbH, ...

1. A method for determining a position of a mobile device relative to a B0 field magnet along a z-coordinate axis that is defined by a symmetry axis of the B0 field magnet in a preferred direction of a B0 field, by a magnetic field strength sensor arranged in a fixed relative position on the mobile device, the method comprising:ascertaining a characteristic magnetic field strength Bref of the B0 field magnet that emerges for a plurality of x-y coordinate pairs at different distances from the z-coordinate axis having essentially a same reference z-coordinate zf, wherein the characteristic magnetic field strength Bref lies in a range of between 20% and 80% of a magnetic field strength of the B0 field magnet at an isocenter;
moving the mobile device along the z-coordinate axis until the magnetic field strength sensor measures the characteristic magnetic field strength Bref;
ascertaining Bxy-z curves of a dependence of the magnetic field strength on a z-coordinate for a majority of x-y coordinate pairs, wherein the x-y-coordinate pairs indicate points at different distances from the z-coordinate axis;
recording a majority of magnetic field strength values using the magnetic field strength sensor for different positions along the z-coordinate axis with constant x-y coordinates;
selecting a Bxy-z curve with the aid of the ascertained magnetic field strength values by an error minimization method; and
determining the z-coordinate using the selected Bxy-z curve and a measured magnetic field strength value.

US Pat. No. 10,393,826

EXTENDED SIGNAL PATHS IN MICROFABRICATED SENSORS

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A microfabricated sensor, comprising:a sensor cell, comprising:
a cell body;
a signal window attached to the cell body, wherein the cell body and the signal window at least partially enclose a sensor cavity;
sensor material disposed in the sensor cavity;
a first reflector located in the sensor cavity, the first reflector contacting the signal window and having an angle of about 45 degrees with the signal window; and
a second reflector located in the sensor cavity, the second reflector separated from the first reflector by a cavity path segment which is also located in the sensor cavity, the second reflector contacting the signal window and having an angle of about 45 degrees with the signal window;
a signal emitter disposed outside the sensor cavity and separated from the first reflector by an emitter path which extends through the signal window; and
a signal detector disposed outside the sensor cavity and separated from the second reflector by a detector path segment which extends through the signal window.

US Pat. No. 10,393,825

MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR GAS CELL, MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR MAGNETIC FIELD MEASUREMENT APPARATUS, AND GAS CELL

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A manufacturing method for a gas cell, the method comprising:disposing a holding member including a coating material in a second chamber of a cell having a first chamber, the second chamber communicating with the first chamber, and an opening provided in the second chamber;
sealing the opening with a sealing member so as to seal the cell;
heating the holding member so as to generate a vapor of the coating material in the cell; and
cooling the cell so as to form a film of the coating material on an inner wall of the cell,
wherein the holding member is made of a heat-resistive material or a light transmissive material.

US Pat. No. 10,393,823

BATTERY SYSTEM MONITORING APPARATUS

HITACHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEM...

1. A battery system monitoring apparatus for monitoring and controlling a battery system, the battery system including a plurality of cell groups, each cell group including a plurality of single battery cells connected in series with each other, the battery system monitoring apparatus comprising:a plurality of battery monitoring circuits provided for the respective cell groups, each battery monitoring circuit including a cell voltage measurement module that is connected with two electrodes of respective single battery cells of a corresponding cell group via voltage detection lines and that measures a cell voltage of each of the single battery cells at each of predetermined timings; and
a filter circuit connected with the voltage detection lines, the filter circuit including resistors and capacitors, wherein
the cell voltage measurement module extends intervals at which the cell voltage is to be measured by the cell voltage measurement module when a stored charge amount in a capacitor in the filter circuit changes.

US Pat. No. 10,393,821

POWER SUPPLY MONITORING SYSTEM USING OPTICAL ESTIMATION

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A battery monitoring system, comprising:a battery comprising a plurality of stacked cells;
a housing configured to receive the battery, a first end of the battery being coupled to a mounting surface of the housing, and the housing including at least one reference marker associated with a second end of the battery opposite the first end;
an imaging device configured to capture an image including the second end of the battery and the at least one reference marker; and
a controller in communication with the imaging device, the controller configured to at least:
instruct the imaging device to capture a first image including the second end of the battery and the at least one reference marker at a first time;
determine a first position of the second end of the battery relative to the at least one reference marker based at least in part on the first image;
instruct the imaging device to capture a second image including the second end of the battery and the at least one reference marker at a second time;
determine a second position of the second end of the battery relative to the at least one reference marker based at least in part on the second image;
determine a position difference between the first position and the second position; and
calculate a state of charge of the battery based at least in part on the position difference.

US Pat. No. 10,393,820

SECONDARY BATTERY STATE DETECTING DEVICE AND SECONDARY BATTERY STATE DETECTING METHOD

FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LT...

1. A device, comprising:discharge means for subjecting a secondary battery to at least one pulse discharge;
acquiring means for controlling the discharge means to subject the secondary battery to the at least one pulse discharge, measuring a voltage value during a pulse discharge of the at least one pulse discharge a plurality of times to generate a plurality of voltage values, and acquiring a time variation value during the pulse discharge of the at least one pulse discharge;
calculating means for calculating a parameter of a predetermined function having time as a variable by fitting the time variation value of the plurality of voltage values during the pulse discharge of the at least one pulse discharge, using the predetermined function;
detecting means for detecting the state of the secondary battery on the basis of the parameter of the predetermined function; and
communicating means for communicating with an electric control unit and notifying the electric control unit of detected information for the detecting the state of the secondary battery.

US Pat. No. 10,393,817

METHOD FOR DETERMINING A REFERENCE ENERGY PROFILE AND DEVICE FOR FORMING A BATTERY

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. A method for determining a reference energy profile, comprising:comparing a first course which describes an absorption of an electrical quantity of a first battery during a first charge cycle, to a second course which describes the absorption of the electrical quantity of the first or a second battery during a second charge cycle which follows after the first charge cycle, for a plurality of time intervals;
determining a deviation between the first and the second course for each of the plurality of time intervals; and
determining an amount of the electrical quantity based on the deviation for each of the time intervals, wherein the amount of the electrical quantity describes a preset default value of the reference energy profile for an amount of the electrical quantity to be fed to a battery to be formed during a formation process of the battery to be formed, for each of the time intervals.

US Pat. No. 10,393,816

VOLTAGE-DETECTING DEVICE APPLIED TO BATTERY PACK HAVING SERIALLY CONNECTED BODY

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A voltage-detecting device that is applied to a battery pack that includes a serially connected body of plural battery cells, comprising:monitoring units for detecting a state of the battery pack; and
a control unit that is separately provided from the monitoring units, and to which detection results of the monitoring units are inputted; wherein
serially connected bodies of at least two of the battery cells of the battery cells of the battery pack form detection blocks;
each of the respective battery cells of a detection block, or a serially connected body of a number of battery cells in a detection block that is less than the number of the battery cells of the detection block is taken to be a battery for which voltage is to be detected; and
the monitoring units comprise:
a main voltage-detecting unit for detecting terminal voltage of each of the batteries for which voltage is to be detected as the state of the battery pack;
a positive-electrode-side input unit that is electrically connected to a positive-electrode side of a detection block;
a negative-electrode-side input unit that is electrically connected to a negative-electrode side of a detection block; and
sub voltage-detecting units for detecting terminal voltage of the detection blocks via the positive-electrode-side input units and the negative-electrode-side input units as the state of the battery pack, wherein
the main voltage-detecting unit comprises a monitoring IC that is an integrated circuit having a rectangular parallelepiped shape that is flat in the thickness direction;
at least part of the sub voltage-detecting unit comprises a redundant IC that is a separate integrated circuit from the monitoring IC and has a rectangular parallelepiped shape that is flat in the thickness direction;
of the monitoring IC, one of the two outer surfaces of which the thickness direction is the normal direction is taken to be a rear monitoring surface and the other surface is taken to be a front monitoring surface;
of the redundant IC, one of the two outer surfaces of which the thickness direction is the normal direction is taken to be a rear redundant surface and the other surface is taken to be a front redundant surface;
a surface area of the front monitoring surface is greater than a surface area of the rear redundant surface; and
the rear redundant surface is mechanically connected to the front monitoring surface in a state in which, when the monitoring IC is viewed from the front monitoring surface, the contour of the redundant IC does not protrude from the contour of the monitoring IC.

US Pat. No. 10,393,809

INTELLIGENT TIMED ELECTROMAGNETIC SWITCHING

Rockwell Automation Techn...

1. A tangible, non-transitory, computer-readable medium storing instructions executable by a processor in a control circuitry, wherein the instructions comprise instructions to:receive an instruction to make a switching device;
determine, using the control circuitry, a voltage waveform of a power source;
determine, using the control circuitry, a desired time to make the switching device based at least in part on the source voltage waveform;
determine, using the control circuitry, an expected make time of the switching device; and
determine, using the control circuitry, when to apply a pull-in current to make the switching device at the desired time based at least in part on the expected make time and the desired time to make;
wherein the instructions to determine the expected make time comprises instructions to determine temperature of the switching device.

US Pat. No. 10,393,806

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. An organic light emitting display (OLED) device comprising:a thin film transistor on a substrate;
a first electrode electrically connected with the thin film transistor;
an organic emitting layer on the first electrode, the organic emitting layer separated by a partition;
a plurality of banks at a lateral side of the first electrode;
a gap between the partition and the banks;
a partition cover on the partition;
a second electrode on the organic emitting layer; and
an encapsulation layer on the second electrode;
wherein the encapsulation layer is provided in the gap between the lower surface of the partition and the upper surface of the bank, and
wherein a width of an upper surface of the partition cover is smaller than a width of a lower surface of the partition cover.

US Pat. No. 10,393,805

JTAG SUPPORT OVER A BROADCAST BUS IN A DISTRIBUTED MEMORY BUFFER SYSTEM

International Business Ma...

1. A method for testing a plurality of semiconductor chips in a distributed memory buffer system, the method comprising:receiving a Joint Test Action Group (JTAG) command from a test server;
determining whether the JTAG command is a test request;
responsive to determining the JTAG command is the test request, translating the JTAG command into a test command;
determining whether the test command is for one or more data chips or for an Address and Command (AC) chip;
responsive to determining the test command is for the AC chip, executing the test command;
responsive to determining the test command is for the one or more data chips, sending the test command towards the one or more data chips;
receiving a response to the test command;
translating the response into a JTAG compliant response; and
sending the JTAG compliant response to the test server.

US Pat. No. 10,393,802

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ADAPTIVE TESTING OF SEMICONDUCTOR PRODUCT

NUVOTON TECHNOLOGY CORPOR...

1. A system for of testing a plurality of electronic devices, comprising:A testing equipment;
a processor coupled to the testing equipment; and
a storage device coupled to the processor;
wherein the system is configured to:
perform tests of up to m devices at a time to measure device parameters on a device tester configured to test up to m device at a time, where m is an integer;
after each test, perform statistical analysis of measured device parameters for all tested devices to determine updated statistical data, including updated mean and standard deviation for each parameter; and
store only the updated statistical data, and not the measured device parameters;
for first N devices, where N is an integer, each test further including determining pass or fail of each device based on preset pass/fail limits for the device parameters;
after the first N devices, each subsequent test further including:
determining new pass/fail limits for each device parameter based on the updated mean and standard deviation; and
determining pass or fail of each device based on the new pass/fail limits for each device parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,393,801

FAULT ISOLATION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING FAULTS IN A CIRCUIT

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method for detecting faults in a circuit, comprising:touching with a first probe one terminal of a detecting line having a fault portion to provide an input signal to a diagnostic area through the detecting line, and touching another terminal of the detecting line with a second probe to receive an output signal;
removing a segment of the detecting line to define a remaining detecting line; and
moving the second probe to touch a terminal of the remaining detecting line to obtain a new output signal comprising a first signal, which is within a predetermined range set by a user if the fault portion is not within the remaining detecting line, and the new output signal is a second signal, which is out of the predetermined range set by the user if the fault portion is within the remaining detecting line.

US Pat. No. 10,393,800

CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENT

SICK AG, Waldkirch (DE)

1. A circuit arrangement for evaluating an analog electrical signal, the circuit arrangement comprising:a control device;
an input circuit for applying an input signal;
a conditioning circuit electrically connected to the input circuit for converting the input signal into a measured signal;
an analog-to-digital converter electrically connected to the conditioning circuit for converting the measured signal into a digital value;
a reference source that outputs a known reference signal;
a first switch for selectively separating the input signal from the conditioning circuit or supplying the input signal to the conditioning circuit; and
a second switch for selectively supplying the reference signal to the input circuit or separating the reference signal from the input circuit,
wherein the control device is configured to determine an offset error of the circuit arrangement when the input signal is separated from the conditioning circuit and the reference signal is not supplied to the input circuit, such that a zero voltage signal is applied to a voltage divider of the conditioning circuit,
wherein the control device is further configured to determine a gain error of the circuit arrangement when the input signal is separated from the conditioning circuit and the reference signal is supplied to the input circuit, and
wherein the control device is further configured to recognize component defects of the circuit arrangement with respect to at least one of the offset error and the gain error and to further output a warning signal upon recognition of a component defect.

US Pat. No. 10,393,796

TESTING INTEGRATED CIRCUITS DURING SPLIT FABRICATION

Carnegie Mellon Universit...

1. A method comprising:providing at least two identical front-end-of-line (FEOL) portions of an integrated circuit (IC) in a single wafer, with at least some of each FEOL portion comprising a plurality of circuit elements;
building a design back-end-of-line (BEOL) portion of the IC on at least one of the FEOL portions to form a product chip, with the design BEOL portion configuring design type interconnections of the same plurality of circuit elements for a first instantiation;
building a test-only BEOL structure on at least one of the FEOL portions to form a sacrificial test device, with the test-only BEOL structure configuring test-type interconnections of the same plurality of circuit elements for a second instantiation that matches the first instantiation; and
testing the sacrificial test device for at least one of functionality or reliability.

US Pat. No. 10,393,792

ELECTRONIC CIRCUIT WITH CONNECTION ERROR INDICATION FUNCTION

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An electronic outlet device, comprising:a connection circuit comprising a neutral terminal, a hot terminal and a ground terminal, each terminal connecting to a neutral line of a power source, a hot line of the power source, or ground;
an interface panel comprising a receptacle connected to the connection circuit and configured to receive a load; and
an indicator interface device attached to the interface panel, wherein the indicator interface device comprises:
a neutral conductor, a hot conductor and a ground conductor respectively connected to the neutral terminal, the hot terminal and the ground terminal of the connection circuit,
a first indicator circuit connected between the neutral conductor and the ground conductor, wherein the first indicator circuit comprises:
a first light-emitting diode (LED) set comprising one or more LEDs, and
a first switching circuit configured to cause the one or more LEDs in the first LED set to turn on and off,
a second indicator circuit connected to the neutral conductor, wherein the second indicator circuit comprises:
a second LED set comprising one or more LEDs, and
a second switching circuit configured to cause the one or more LEDs in the second LED set to turn on and off, and
a third indicator circuit connected between the second indicator circuit and the hot conductor and also connected between the ground conductor and the hot conductor, wherein the third indicator circuit comprises:
a third LED set comprising one or more LEDs, and
a third switching circuit configured to cause the one or more LEDs in the third LED set to turn on and off,
wherein at least one combination of on/off states of the first, second and third LED sets indicates a correct connection or a unique type of error in a connection between the power source and the connection circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,393,787

C/N RATIO DETECTION CIRCUIT AND SIGNAL RECEIVING CIRCUIT

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A signal receiving circuit comprising:a bandpass filter that receives an input signal through an antenna and selectively outputs a signal of a predetermined bandwidth in the input signal;
a demodulator that demodulates the signal outputted from the bandpass filter;
a carrier to noise (C/N) ratio detection circuit that calculates a C/N ratio of the signal outputted from the bandpass filter, the C/N ratio detection circuit, which in operation operates as:
a voltage detector that measures an input voltage of the signal output from the bandpass filter;
an averaging section that calculates an average of a number of voltages from the voltage detector over a predetermined time;
a time variation range calculator that calculates a first time variation range of the voltages over the predetermined time; and
a C/N ratio calculator that calculates the C/N ratio of the signal by using based on the average and a second time variation range; and
an audio signal processor that applies an audio signal process to the demodulated signal outputted from the demodulator, and outputs an audio signal generated by the audio signal process to a speaker, in accordance with the C/N ratio inputted from the carrier to noise (C/N) ratio detection circuit, wherein:
the carrier to noise (C/N) ratio detection circuit makes a determination to correct the first time variation range such that the first time variation range becomes a noise level reference value set in accordance with the bandwidth of the bandpass filter, and outputs the corrected first time variation range as the second time variation range, when the first time variation range is less than the noise level reference value, and
the carrier to noise (C/N) ratio detection circuit makes a determination to not correct the first time variation range, and outputs the first time variation range as the second time variation range, when the first time variation range is greater than or equal to the noise level reference value.

US Pat. No. 10,393,786

TEST SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OVER THE AIR (OTA) MEASUREMENTS BASED ON RANDOMLY ADJUSTED MEASUREMENT POINTS

1. A test system for over the air (OTA) measurements of transceiver performance metrics of a device under test, comprising:a device under test (DUT);
at least one positioning device;
a link antenna;
at least one measurement antenna; and
at least one measuring/control processor; and
wherein the at least one measurement antenna is configured to establish a data link to the DUT and to transmit or receive test data to or from the DUT via the data link,
wherein the at least one positioning device is configured to adjust a position of the at least one measurement antenna around the DUT to specific measurement points, wherein one or more of the specific measurement points are distributed around the DUT randomly, and
wherein the link antenna is shielded and configured to exchange communication data between the measuring/control processor and the DUT.

US Pat. No. 10,393,784

ANALYSIS OF A RADIO-FREQUENCY ENVIRONMENT UTILIZING PULSE MASKING

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. A radio-frequency (RF) signal analyzer for analyzing RF pulses, the RF signal analyzer comprising:pulse capture circuitry to capture incoming RF pulses according to a resource scheduling configuration and to store captured RF pulses; and
signal-processing circuitry including fast-time signal processing circuitry and slow-time signal processing circuitry, wherein:
the fast-time signal processing circuitry is to prioritize the captured RF pulses for slow-time signal processing based on application of feature set-specific pulse masks and dynamic pulse-grading criteria, wherein each of the pulse masks represents pulse features and values of the pulse features that are relevant for analysis of the RF pulses; and
the slow-time signal processing is to perform relevance evaluation of the prioritized RF pulses, and to adjust the dynamic pulse-grading criteria and the resource scheduling configuration based on the relevance evaluation.

US Pat. No. 10,393,779

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING STATISTICAL DYNAMIC METER DATA VALIDATION

ORACLE INTERNATIONAL CORP...

1. A computer-implemented method performed by a computing device where the computing device includes at least a processor for executing instructions from a memory, the method comprising:providing a graphical user interface that facilitates custom configuration of a validation algorithm by a user, via a processor, to validate measured meter data collected from an electrical grid via a grid head-end device;
accessing historical usage data from a database device during a non-peak time, via the processor, to offload processing from a peak time, wherein the historical usage data is previously collected from the electrical grid via the grid head-end device and stored in the database device, and wherein the non-peak time corresponds to a time span when the measured meter data is not being received and processed for validation, and the peak time corresponds to a different time span when the measured meter data is being received and processed for validation;
during the non-peak time, generating statistical data from the historical usage data and storing the statistical data in a memory, via the processor, to off-load processing from the peak time;
during the peak time, receiving the measured meter data from the grid head-end device and accessing the statistical data from the memory via the processor;
subsequent to the validation algorithm being configured by the user, validating the measured meter data at least in part by applying, via the processor, the validation algorithm to the statistical data and the measured meter data to generate pass/fail data during the peak time; and
controlling issuance of an alert based on whether the pass/fail data indicates that the measured meter data passes the validating or indicates that the measured meter data fails the validating.

US Pat. No. 10,393,776

REPRESENTATIVE WAVEFORM PROVIDING APPARATUS AND METHOD

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A representative waveform providing apparatus, comprising:a signal obtainer configured to obtain a periodic signal; and
a processor configured to determine a representative waveform of the periodic signal by using a dynamic time warping (DTW) algorithm,
wherein the processor comprises:
a signal segmentator configured to generate a plurality of periodic signal segments by segmenting the periodic signal according to periods;
a similarity determiner configured to compare the plurality of periodic signal segments to each other using the DTW algorithm; and
a representative waveform determiner configured to determine the representative waveform of the periodic signal based on a result of the comparison, and
wherein a bio-signal corresponding to the periodic signal is generated based on the determined representative waveform, and
wherein the bio-signal is a blood pressure signal.

US Pat. No. 10,393,770

MULTI-AXIS ACCELEROMETER WITH REDUCED STRESS SENSITIVITY

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. An accelerometer component comprising:a first Z proof mass rotatable about a first axis and coupled to an anchor, the first Z proof mass comprising a first plurality of electrodes;
a second Z proof mass independently rotatable about the first axis from the first Z proof mass and coupled to the anchor, the second Z proof mass comprising a second plurality of electrodes;
an X-axis accelerometer subcomponent located within a perimeter of the first Z proof mass; and
a Y-axis accelerometer subcomponent located within a perimeter of the second Z proof mass;
wherein the first plurality of electrodes and the second plurality of electrodes are symmetrical about each of the first axis, a second axis perpendicular to the first axis, a third axis diagonal to the first axis and second axis, and a fourth axis diagonal to the first axis and second axis.

US Pat. No. 10,393,769

MICROELECTROMECHANICAL DEVICE AND A METHOD OF DAMPING A MASS THEREOF

NXP USA, Inc., Austin, T...

1. A microelectromechanical device comprising:a mass suspended from a substrate and movable relative to the substrate;
an electromechanical transducer configured to convert a first displacement of the mass in a first direction to a first electrical signal during a first conversion time period, and to convert a second displacement of the mass in a second direction to a second electrical signal during a second conversion time period different from the first conversion time period, wherein the second direction is angularly displaced from the first direction by an angle greater than 0 degrees and less than 180 degrees;
storing means configured for storing samples of the first electrical signal and the second electrical signal;
a derivative unit configured to
generate a first control signal corresponding to a first derivative over time of the first electrical signal based on at least two successive stored samples of the first electrical signal, wherein the first control signal is related to a first velocity of the mass in the first direction, and
generate a second control signal corresponding to a first derivative over time of the second electrical signal based on at least two successive stored samples of the second electrical signal, wherein the second control signal is related to a second velocity of the mass in the second direction; and
a controller for controlling the electromechanical transducer, the storing means, and the derivative unit for providing the first control signal to one or more first electrodes of the electromechanical transducer and the second control signal to one or more second electrodes of the electromechanical transducer, for simultaneously damping the mass in the first direction with a first damping force corresponding to the first velocity and in the second direction with a second damping force corresponding to the second velocity during a damping time period, wherein:
the electromechanical transducer comprises:
one or more third electrodes for controlling damping of the mass in a third direction, wherein the electromechanical transducer is configured to convert a third displacement of the mass in the third direction to a third electrical signal during a third conversion time period, wherein:
the storing means is configured to store samples of the third electrical signal,
the derivative unit is configured to generate a third control signal corresponding to a first derivative over time of the third electrical signal based on at least two successive stored samples of the third electrical signal, wherein the third control signal is related to a third velocity of the mass in the third direction, and
the controller is configured to control the electromechanical transducer, the storing means, and the derivative unit for providing the third control signal to the one or more third electrodes for simultaneously damping the mass in the third direction with a third damping force corresponding to the third velocity during the damping time period.

US Pat. No. 10,393,765

MEASUREMENT APPARATUS AND MEASUREMENT METHOD

SYSMEX CORPORATION, Hyog...

1. A measurement apparatus comprising:a support mechanism configured to support a cartridge in which a chamber is formed, the chamber being configured to receive a measurement sample that generates light, an intensity of which varies depending on an amount of a test substance;
a photodetector configured to detect the light generated from the measurement sample in the chamber; and
a reflection member provided between the photodetector and the cartridge supported by the support mechanism, the reflection member having a cylindrical shape with a first opening at one side close to the chamber and a second opening at another side close to the photodetector, the first and second openings being connected by an inner face configured to reflect the light from the measurement sample, thereby guiding the light to the photodetector, wherein
an area defined by the inner face is decreased from the one side to the another side of the reflection member.

US Pat. No. 10,393,764

SOLID WASTE REMOVAL

Roche Molecular Systems, ...

1. A method for depositing solid waste into a waste bin in an automated analyzer, said method comprising the steps of:providing a device comprising, from a proximate to a distal end, a slider, a parking position, and an opening, wherein the opening is proximal to the waste bin, and the slider is in communication with an extendable ramp and a motor, wherein said ramp is extendable over and into the waste bin and the ramp is at least partly made of a flexible material,
placing a solid waste into the parking position,
contacting the solid waste with the slider,
pushing said solid waste towards the waste bin along the extendable ramp with said slider until said solid waste moves along the extendable ramp toward the waste bin,
identifying a fill level of the waste bin by detecting a motor current of the motor, and
(i) adjusting a force of the ramp, as needed, to a specified adjusted force to enable a continual movement of the solid waste along the extendable ramp into the waste bin; or
(ii) aborting movement of the solid waste along the extendable ramp into the waste bin if the motor current is above the specified adjusted force.

US Pat. No. 10,393,761

BLOOD STATE EVALUATION DEVICE, BLOOD STATE EVALUATION SYSTEM, BLOOD STATE EVALUATION METHOD, AND PROGRAM

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A blood state evaluation device comprising at least:a pair of electrodes provided in a sample container configured to be filled with blood, the pair of electrodes configured to apply an alternating voltage therebetween; and
at least one programmed processor operatively coupled to the pair of electrodes, the at least one programmed processor configured to:
chronologically measure an electrical characteristic of blood being an evaluation target, in two or more frequencies or frequency bands using the pair of electrodes; and
evaluate a state of the blood on the basis of chronological change data in the two or more frequencies or frequency bands for the measured electrical characteristic.

US Pat. No. 10,393,737

SAMPLE ASSEMBLY WITH AN ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD TO ACCELERATE THE BONDING OF TARGET ANTIGENS AND NANOPARTICLES

International Business Ma...

1. A sample assembly comprising:a substrate;
a first portion of an outer layer, wherein the first portion of the outer layer is formed above the substrate;
a second portion of the outer layer, wherein the second portion of the outer layer is formed above the substrate;
one or more base layers formed between the substrate and the first and second portions of the outer layer;
a sample trench formed above the one or more base layers and between the first and second portions of the outer layer, the sample trench being characterized by a bottom surface, and a longitudinal axis;
an electrical conductor disposed in the substrate, the electrical conductor being configured to generate an electromagnetic field in proximity to the sample trench to enhance nanoparticle movement toward the bottom surface of the sample trench; and
at least one alignment trench formed above the substrate, each alignment trench having a longitudinal axis substantially parallel to a longitudinal axis of the sample trench, and each alignment trench being a separate structure from the sample trench,
wherein each alignment trench comprises a plurality of markings configured to facilitate alignment of an electromagnetic write head of a magnetic tape drive with the sample trench, and wherein the markings are non-magnetic markings.

US Pat. No. 10,393,736

ANTI-FOULING SALINE AND SILOXANE COATED PARTICLES, SUBSTRATES, POLYMERS AND USES RELATED THERETO

Emory University, Atlant...

1. A polymer having the following formula:
wherein p is 1 to 10,000;
m is 1 to 22;
X is —CH(OH)CH2OCH2CH2CH2S—;
n=0, 1, 2;
R is an alkyl group, and
R? is alkyl group.

US Pat. No. 10,393,733

DYNAMIC BH3 PROFILING

Dana-Farber Cancer Instit...

1. A method of predicting sensitivity of a cancer cell population to a cytotoxic agent comprising:a) permeabilizing a test cell portion from a cancer cell population, wherein the test cell portion has been contacted with a panel of test cytotoxic agents;
b) contacting mitochondria of the test cell portion with a pro-apoptotic BH3 domain peptide, wherein the test cell portion has been permeabilized to permit the BH3 domain peptide access to said mitochondria;
c) measuring the amount of BH3 domain peptide-induced mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization in mitochondria of permeabilized cells in the test cell portion after contacting with the BH3 domain peptide; and
d) comparing the amount of BH3 domain peptide-induced mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization in mitochondria of a permeabilized test cell within the test cell portion to the amount of BH3 domain peptide-induced mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization in mitochondria of a control cell portion from the cancer cell population, wherein the control cell portion has not been contacted with the panel of test cytotoxic agents,
wherein an increase in the amount of mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization in mitochondria of the permeabilized test cell within the test cell portion compared to the amount of mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization in mitochondria of the control cell portion indicates that the cancer cell population is sensitive to a cytotoxic agent of the panel of test cytotoxic agents.

US Pat. No. 10,393,728

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SEPARATING AND CONCENTRATING FLUIDS CONTAINING MULTIPLE COMPONENTS

Biomet Biologics, LLC, W...

1. A method of isolating fraction comprising nucleated cells comprising:obtaining a volume of whole blood from a patient through venipuncture;
obtaining a volume of bone marrow aspirate from the patient;
centrifuging a mixture of the volume of whole blood and the volume of bone marrow aspirate so as to create a fraction of the mixture comprising nucleated cells;
collecting the fraction comprising nucleated cells;
applying the fraction comprising nucleated cells to a scaffold; and
implanting the scaffold in the patient.

US Pat. No. 10,393,726

UNIVERSAL MOLECULAR PROCESSOR FOR PRECISION MEDICINE

The University of North C...

1. A device comprising:a biomolecular processor, each biomolecular processor comprising:
a bioreactor chamber defined by a solid substrate;
a plurality of spaced support structures within said bioreactor chamber and attached to the solid substrate;
one or more capture molecules immobilized to some or all of said plurality of spaced support structures, said one or more capture molecules suitable to bind to a portion of a target nucleic acid molecule in a sample;
one or more nanotubes defined by the solid substrate and fluidically coupled to the bioreactor chamber, each of said one or more nanotubes having a passage extending between an input end proximate to said bioreactor chamber and an output end distal to said bioreactor chamber and comprising one or more nanopores within the passage with each nanopore having a reduced diameter relative to the passage; and
one or more units defined by the solid substrate and upstream of said biomolecular processor and one or more nanotubes, said one or more units being configured to carry out sample preparation.

US Pat. No. 10,393,720

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DYNAMICALLY LOCATING A FAULT OBSERVED ON A COMPONENT

SAFRAN AIRCRAFT ENGINES, ...

1. A system for dynamic diagnosis of a fault observed in a component obtained after a forging operation of a blank, the system comprising:a processor configured to:
model the forging operation by modelling working of the component during the forging operation as a function of forging parameters, the modeling leading to a set of time successive models of forming of the component during the forging operation, the set comprising an initial model corresponding to the blank, intermediate models corresponding to intermediate forging operations, and a final model corresponding to the forged component,
input data relating to a fault observed in the component, the component having a fault being a defective component,
add a fault plotter to a first model belonging to the set of models, in a zone corresponding to a region of the fault in the defective component, to obtain a first plotted model representing the defective component at a time of detection of the fault, and
track the fault plotter over time during the modelling starting from the first plotted model, retrospectively or prospectively, to diagnose dynamics of the fault.

US Pat. No. 10,393,718

MICRO-ELECTROMECHANICAL APPARATUS FOR THERMAL ENERGY CONTROL

Industrial Technology Res...

1. A MEMS apparatus, comprising:a sensor, comprising:
a sensing element;
a heating device configured to heat the sensing element; and
at least one detecting device configured to detect at least one physical quantity; and
an IC chip, comprising:
a memory unit storing at least one target value of the sensing element;
a data processing unit, wherein the data processing unit is adapted to convert the at least one physical quantity to at least one converted value, and at least one gap value is defined by subtracting the at least one converted value from the at least one target value;
a control unit providing at least one parameter value according to the at least one gap value, wherein the at least one parameter value comprises an electrical voltage and time, the control unit is adapted to adjust the electrical voltage and time; and
a driving unit adapted to drive the heating device to adjust a quantity of thermal energy generated by the heating device according to the at least one parameter value.

US Pat. No. 10,393,715

GAS SENSOR HAVING A TUBULAR BODY TIGHTLY FITTED TO A TAPERED PORTION OF A METALLIC SHELL

NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.,...

1. A gas sensor comprising:a gas sensor element extending in a direction of an axis, and including, at a front side thereof, a detection portion configured to detect a specific gas component in a measurement target gas;
a metallic shell surrounding a radial periphery of the gas sensor element, and holding the gas sensor element; and
a tubular body made of metal, the tubular body being welded in a state of being externally fitted to a front side or a rear side of the metallic shell so as to extend beyond a distal edge of the metallic shell, wherein
the tubular body is tightly fitted to a tapered portion that is provided at an outer surface of the metallic shell and is radially narrowed toward the distal edge of the metallic shell, and the tubular body is welded at the tapered portion.

US Pat. No. 10,393,713

METHOD FOR OPERATING A PROBE

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for performing a self-diagnosis of a nitrogen oxide probe or a lambda probe with a pumped reference cell, comprising the steps of:providing a first point in time;
providing a reference cell;
providing a predetermined first time window, the first point in time being the beginning of the predetermined first time window;
providing a second point in time;
providing a third point in time, which is after the second point in time;
providing a second predetermined time window, the third point in time being the beginning of the second predetermined time window; and
providing a diagnostic characteristic value that is representative of an error in the determination of the oxides of nitrogen concentration;
placing the reference cell into a pumped operating state;
determining the first point in time by applying a pulse width modulated pump current to the reference cell;
determining at least one first voltage characteristic value that is representative of a voltage applied to the reference cell within the predetermined first time window, such that the first voltage characteristic value is determined during a switched-off time of the pulse width modulated current;
turning off the pulse width modulated pump current applied to the reference cell at the second point in time;
determining the third point in time after the pulse width modulated pump current applied to the reference cell is turned off and the reference cell is in an unpumped operating state;
determining at least one second voltage characteristic value that is representative of the voltage applied to the reference cell within the second predetermined time window;
determining the diagnostic characteristic value by determining the difference between the at least one first voltage characteristic value and the at least one second voltage characteristic value.

US Pat. No. 10,393,711

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING AND DISTINGUISHING MATERIALS, METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING OR DISTINGUISHING MATERIALS, AND MEASURING DEVICE FOR RECORDING MATERIAL PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS

Maschinenfabrik Reinhause...

1. A method for identifying or discriminating materials with a system having at least one local unit, with each local unit having at least one measuring device for detecting at least one respective actual signature for the materials, the method comprising the steps of:acquiring the actual signature among a first quantity k of different measured values of a to be determined material by at least one user of a local unit of the system;
providing a request of the at least one user to an operator of a center of the system, wherein with the request is the actual signature transmitted;
storing the actual signature, provided by the at least one user, in non-volatile memory on a server of the center;
creating a derived target signature from each of a plurality of correlations of at least one target material to the actual signature, wherein the plurality of correlations relate to an extended signature of the target material and wherein the extended signature consists of a second quantity n of different measured values and the second quantity n is greater than or equal to the first quantity k;
calculating a deviation of each of the actual signatures for the material from the derived target signature for the at least one target material; and,
reporting to the requesting user, for which target materials the respective deviation of the to be determined material, based on the at least one target material, is less than one for a target material defined tolerance.

US Pat. No. 10,393,706

MECHANICAL SCANNING 3D ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCER

NIHON DEMPA KOGYO CO., LT...

1. An ultrasonic transducer, comprising:a housing that internally includes an ultrasound transmitting/receiving unit, and the housing sealing an ultrasonic propagation liquid;
a driving device that includes a driving motor and a drive shaft which is an intermediate member rotationally driven by the driving motor, the driving device being configured to transmit a rotary driving force from the driving motor to swing the ultrasound transmitting/receiving unit; and
a detecting device that includes a detecting member and is configured to detect an origin position serving as a reference in control of a swing of the ultrasound transmitting/receiving unit, wherein
the driving device is configured to transmit the rotary driving force to the intermediate member,
the drive shaft is disposed such that one end portion of the drive shaft enters an interior of the housing and transmits the rotary driving force to the interior of the housing,
the detecting device being configured to extract a rotation of the intermediate member outside of the housing, a reduction element being configured to decelerate the rotation of the intermediate member and transmit the rotation which is decelerated to the detecting member of the detecting device in a route different from the driving device, and the detecting member is rotated at a first rotation speed lower than a second rotation speed of the drive shaft, and the detecting device being configured to detect the rotation of the detecting member by a sensor to detect an origin position.

US Pat. No. 10,393,705

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINATION OF GEOMETRIC FEATURES IN OBJECTS

General Electric Company,...

1. A method to determine a location of at least one geometric feature in an object, the method comprising:receiving, by at least a first ultrasound transducer and a second ultrasound transducer from among a plurality of ultrasound transducers, at least two geometric feature responses to at least two ultrasound beams incident on the object and into the same area of interest in the object, wherein the ultrasound beam is produced from an other ultrasound transducer from among the plurality of ultrasound transducers, wherein the first ultrasound transducer and the second ultrasound transducer are arranged at an angle with respect to the object;
generating, by a processor, a volumetric representation of the object based on a plurality of object parameters;
generating, by the processor, a temporal map of a predicted time of flight of the received geometric feature responses in response to the ultrasound beams based on a predicted ultrasound beam traversal path in the object that originates from the other ultrasound transducer,
wherein the temporal map includes a list of time of flight information of one or more of the ultrasound beams calculated based on the presence of geometric features along a plurality of rays for each of the ultrasonic beams;
determining, by the processor, a position of the at least one geometric feature on the volumetric representation of the object during generation of the temporal map as the location of the geometric feature, wherein determining comprises:
receiving, via a user interface, a time of flight of the received geometric feature responses,
determining, by the processor, a point that corresponds to the predicted time of flight of geometric feature response equivalent to the received geometric feature responses received via the user interface, and
comparing the locations determined through the geometric feature responses to determine a final location of the geometric feature;
responsive to the determination, displaying, on the user interface, a point on the volumetric representation;
analyzing, by the processor, the received time of flight with each point from the temporal map of the predicted time of flight of geometric feature response that determines the location of the at least one geometric feature; and
displaying, on the user interface, the location of the at least one geometric feature.

US Pat. No. 10,393,704

MULTI-FREQUENCY BAW MIXING AND SENSING SYSTEM AND METHOD

QORVO US, INC., Greensbo...

1. A sensing system comprising:a channel arranged to receive a fluid;
a bulk acoustic wave resonator structure arranged between a substrate and a surface bounding at least a portion of the channel, wherein the bulk acoustic wave resonator structure includes (i) a piezoelectric material comprising a c-axis having an orientation distribution that is predominantly non-parallel to normal of a face of the substrate, (ii) a bottom side electrode arranged between the piezoelectric material and the substrate, and (iii) a top side electrode arranged between the piezoelectric material and the channel, wherein at least a portion of the piezoelectric material is arranged between the bottom side electrode and the top side electrode to form an active region;
at least one functionalization material arranged over at least a portion of the top side electrode, wherein the at least one functionalization material is arranged to contact the fluid received by the channel; and
a driving circuit configured to apply alternating current across the bottom side electrode and the top side electrode at a first frequency and a second frequency to cause the piezoelectric material to exhibit a dominant shear response at the first frequency and a dominant longitudinal response at the second frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,393,703

MULTI-POINT IN SITU CALIBRATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC PIPE INSPECTION TOOLS

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method for calibrating an electromagnetic (EM) tool including at least one transmitter coil and a plurality of receiver coils, each of the receiver coils located at a respective axial spacing from the transmitter coil, the method comprising:disposing the EM tool in a plurality of tubing strings;
employing the EM tool to measure responses at each of a plurality of channels, wherein each of the channels is defined by a corresponding receiver coil of the plurality of receiver coils and a corresponding frequency of a plurality of frequencies;
recording the measured responses at each of the plurality of channels in an EM data log for the channel;
determining a nominal value of each of the plurality of channels, as being equal to a histogram peak of the EM data log for the channel;
selecting one or more calibration points from the EM data log for a first channel selected from the plurality of channels, based on a difference between the nominal value of the first channel and the measured response at the calibration point being greater than a threshold;
determining a plurality of parameters by reducing a misfit between synthetic data and both the nominal values of the plurality of channels and the measured responses of the plurality of channels at the selected one or more calibration points,
wherein the plurality of parameters comprises at least:
a nominal magnetic permeability of each of the tubing strings;
a nominal electrical conductivity of each of the tubing strings;
a diameter of each of the tubing strings at each of the selected one or more calibration points;
a thickness of each of the tubing strings at each of the selected one or more calibration points;
a magnetic permeability of each of the tubing strings at each of the selected one or more calibration points;
an electrical conductivity of each of the tubing strings at each of the selected one or more calibration points; or
a set of calibration coefficients for each of the channels.

US Pat. No. 10,393,702

DEFECT PENETRATION ESTIMATE USING MAGNETIC FLUX IMAGE ENHANCEMENT

Weatherford Technology Ho...

1. A method, comprising:conveying a tool into a wellbore having a casing, wherein the tool comprises a magnet configured to induce a magnetic flux within the casing and wherein the tool further comprises a plurality of corrosion sensors configured to measure magnetic flux;
using the plurality of corrosion sensors to measure magnetic flux at a plurality of locations in the wellbore;
recording a plurality of signals that are each representative of magnetic flux at a location within the wellbore;
arranging the plurality of signals in a matrix that defines an image;
identifying, based on the image, a defect in the casing; and
performing an iterative process comprising:
enhancing a portion of the image in which the defect appears by:
convolving an estimate of the portion of the image by applying a system transfer function to the estimate of the portion of the image, wherein the transfer function is an estimate of how the tool convolves magnetic flux leakage at the defect; and
determining a geometry of the defect from the enhanced portion of the image, wherein
convolving an estimate of the portion of the image generates a blurred image and wherein enhancing the portion of the image further comprises:
subtracting the blurred image from the portion of the image to generate a difference image; and
adding the difference image to the estimate of the portion of the image to generate the enhanced portion of the image, wherein the enhanced portion of the image is used as the estimate of the portion of the image in a subsequent iteration.

US Pat. No. 10,393,698

PRESSURE DRIVEN MICROFLUIDIC INJECTION FOR CHEMICAL SEPARATIONS

The University of North C...

1. A method, comprising:initiating injection of a fluid sample from a first reservoir into a first channel of a fluidic device by applying a first pressure to the fluid sample in the first reservoir, thereby causing at least a portion of the fluid sample to enter the first channel; and
terminating injection of the fluid sample by applying a second pressure to a background fluid in a second reservoir, thereby causing background fluid to flow in a uniform direction within the first channel,
wherein no electrical potential is applied across the fluid sample to inject the sample into the first channel.

US Pat. No. 10,393,697

APPARATUS FOR ANALYZING ION KINETICS IN DIELECTRICS

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. An apparatus for analyzing ion kinetics, comprising:a dielectric structure including any dielectric or combination of dielectric materials having ion transport characteristics;
an ion reservoir abutting the dielectric structure and configured to supply mobile ions to the dielectric structure;
a capacitor structure configured to generate an electric field in the dielectric structure along a vertical direction;
an electrode structure configured to generate an electrophoretic force on mobile ions in the dielectric structure along a lateral direction: and
a sample reservoir configured to receive a sample liquid or ion solution.

US Pat. No. 10,393,696

GAS SENSOR

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A gas sensor comprising:a sensor element that detects gas concentration,
the sensor element comprising:
a solid electrolyte body that has oxygen ion conductivity, the solid electrolyte body including a first main surface that is exposed to a gas to be measured and a second main surface that is exposed to a reference gas;
a sensor electrode that is provided on the first main surface of the solid electrolyte body, and detects a specific gas component in the gas to be measured; and
a reference electrode that is provided on the second main surface of the solid electrolyte body,
the sensor electrode being made of a Pt—Rh alloy that contains 30 mass % to 70 mass % Pt and 70 mass % to 30 mass % Rh, when an overall noble metal component is 100 mass %,
a variation amount of the Rh content of the Pt—Rh alloy from an outermost surface of the sensor electrode to a depth of 350 nm in a thickness direction of the sensor electrode being within a range of up to 10 mass %.

US Pat. No. 10,393,695

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DEVICE WITH ADAPTATIONS FOR MULTIPLEXED BIOSENSING

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A method of manufacturing an integrated circuit device, comprising:providing a substrate comprising a semiconductor active layer having a front side and a back side;
forming source/drain regions, temperature sensors, and heating elements either in the semiconductor active layer or on the front side of the semiconductor active layer, wherein channel regions are formed in the semiconductor active layer between adjacent source/drain regions, and wherein each of the heating elements is aligned over at least a portion of a corresponding temperature sensor;
forming a metal interconnect structure over the front side of the semiconductor active layer, wherein the metal interconnect structure forms contacts with the source/drain regions, the temperature sensors, and the heating elements;
exposing the channel regions from the back side of the semiconductor active layer; and
forming a fluid gate dielectric over the exposed channel regions.

US Pat. No. 10,393,690

FLEXIBLE MULTI-MODULED NANOPARTICLE-STRUCTURED SENSOR ARRAY ON POLYMER SUBSTRATE AND METHODS FOR MANUFACTURE

The Research Foundation o...

1. A method of manufacturing a sensor, said method comprising:introducing a solution onto a flexible substrate comprising microelectrodes, the solution comprising metal or metal alloy core, ligand-capped nanoparticles comprising a nanoparticle capping ligand and molecular linkers connecting adjacent ones of the metal or metal alloy core, ligand-capped nanoparticles, the molecular linkers comprising mercaptocarboxylic acid with a carboxyl end forming hydrogen bonds with the metal or metal alloy core, ligand-capped nanoparticles; and
curing the flexible substrate and solution to form a thin film that adheres to the flexible substrate via bonding that occurs between the flexible substrate, the microelectrodes, and the nanoparticle capping ligand of the ligand-capped nanoparticles.

US Pat. No. 10,393,686

CONDUCTIVITY METER FOR MEASURING AN ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY OF A LIQUID MEDIUM

KROHNE MESSTECHNIK GMBH, ...

1. Conductivity meter for measuring an electrical conductivity of a liquid medium, comprising:a housing,
a conductive first measuring cell having a first conductivity measuring range, a first electrode and a second electrode, and
a control device for controlling the first measuring cell,
wherein the first measuring cell and the control device are arranged in the housing,
wherein the conductivity meter has a second measuring cell with a second conductivity measuring range,
wherein second measuring cell is arranged in the housing,
wherein the control device is also controls the second measuring cell, and
wherein the first measuring cell and the second measuring cell have conductivity measuring ranges that overlap one another.

US Pat. No. 10,393,685

CELL-ON-CHIP STRETCHABLE PLATFORM FOR MAMMALIAN CELLS WITH INTEGRATED IMPEDANCE SPECTROSCPY TECHNIQUE

Research Foundation of th...

1. A method for forming a stretchable impedance sensor for use in electric cell-substrate impedance spectroscopy (ECIS), the method comprising steps of:disposing a layer of an uncured elastomer precursor between a pre-tensioned stretchable membrane in a tensioned state and a patterned conductive electrode on a rigid support such that the patterned conductive electrode is partially embedded within the uncured elastomer precursor along a bottom surface and side surfaces of the patterned conductive electrode, wherein the tensioned state stretched the pre-tensioned stretchable membrane by at least 4%;
curing the layer of uncured elastomer precursor to produce a first layer of elastomeric material, the curing occurring while the pre-tensioned stretchable membrane is in the tensioned state;
separating the rigid support from the patterned conductive electrode such that the patterned conductive electrode remains embedded within the first layer of elastomeric material;
releasing the tensioned state on the pre-tensioned stretchable membrane to produce a released stretchable membrane.

US Pat. No. 10,393,680

X-RAY SIDESCATTER INSPECTION OF LAMINATES

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method comprising:radiating a beam of x-rays in a firing direction towards surface of a multi-layer Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) part;
acquiring data indicating intensity of sidescatter radiation received at an x-ray detector that extends along the CFRP part in the firing direction; and
examining the acquired data from the x-ray detector for gaps at the CFRP part based on differences between intensities detected by the x-ray detector at different locations along a dimension of the part.

US Pat. No. 10,393,678

X-RAY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF STRUCTURE

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An X-ray device configured to irradiate a measurement object with X-rays and detect X-rays transmitted through the measurement object, the X-ray device comprising:an X-ray source configured to emit X-rays from a light-emission point;
a table configured to support the measurement object;
a detector configured to detect at least a portion of transmitted X-rays that have been emitted from the X-ray source and transmitted through the measurement object;
a mover configured to move one of the X-ray source, the table, or the detector in a first direction as a mobile object in order to change at least one of a distance between the light-emission point and the measurement object or a distance between the light-emission point and the detector; and
a first position detector and a second position detector, each configured to measure a position of the mobile object in the first direction,
the first position detector and the second position detector being disposed along a second direction orthogonal to the first direction in a mobile region of the mover.

US Pat. No. 10,393,674

INFRARED-BASED APPARATUS FOR DETECTING GAPS IN MOSQUITO NETTING

International Business Ma...

1. A method for detecting gaps in netting, the method comprising:constructing a map of strands of the netting from electromagnetic signals associated with the netting surrounding an area;
identifying locations of gaps in the netting according to the map; and
alerting a user to the presence and locations of the gaps.

US Pat. No. 10,393,672

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF INSPECTING SUBSTRATE AND METHOD OF FABRICATING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE USING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An inspection method for use in quality control of semiconductor devices, comprising:determining an optimal focus offset value;
irradiating a layered structure on a substrate with incident light focused based on the optimal focus offset value, the layered structure comprising a first pattern having a top surface and an opening therein and a second pattern having top surfaces located at different heights relative to a top surface of the substrate, the opening extending in a direction perpendicular to a top surface of the substrate from the top surface of the first pattern;
capturing an image of the layered structure from light reflected from the layered structure as a result of the irradiating of the layered structure; and
detecting for a defect in the layered structure using the captured image of the layered structure,
wherein the determining of the optimal focus offset value comprises:
capturing focus offset images each of a region of the layered structure including the top surfaces of the second pattern while changing a focal position of the incident light, whereby the focus offset images are captured at different focal positions of the incident light; and
calculating the optimal focus offset value using the focus offset images.

US Pat. No. 10,393,671

INTRA-DIE DEFECT DETECTION

KLA-Tencor Corp., Milpit...

1. A system configured to detect defects on a specimen, comprising:an imaging subsystem comprising at least an energy source and a detector, wherein the energy source is configured to generate energy that is directed to a specimen, and wherein the detector is configured to detect energy from the specimen and to generate images responsive to the detected energy; and
one or more computer subsystems configured for:
acquiring images generated by the imaging subsystem at multiple instances of a pattern of interest within a die formed on the specimen, wherein the multiple instances comprise two or more instances that are located at aperiodic locations within the die;
generating a pattern of interest reference image from two or more of the images generated at the multiple instances of the pattern of interest within the die, wherein the one or more computer subsystems pick a selection of the images used for generating the pattern of interest reference image by eliminating any one or more outliers in the images generated at the multiple instances of the pattern of interest within the die from use in generative the pattern of interest reference image;
comparing the images generated at the multiple instances of the pattern of interest within the die to the pattern of interest reference image; and
detecting defects in the multiple instances of the pattern of interest based on results of the comparing.

US Pat. No. 10,393,667

ANALYSIS USING OPTICAL SENSORS AND SIGNAL ENHANCING AGENTS

International Business Ma...

1. A method, comprising:introducing at least one reagent into a fluid sample flowing through a conduit using at least one reagent dispenser located at an introduction point along the conduit;
making first optical measurements of an intensity of light I1 passing through the fluid sample at time t1 using at least one first detector located at a first detection point along the conduit downstream from the introduction point;
making second optical measurements of an intensity of light I2 passing through the fluid sample at time t2 using at least one second detector located at a second detection point along the conduit downstream from the first detection point; and
comparing the first optical measurements with the second optical measurements to determine an amount of reaction, if any, the at least one reagent has had with target analyte in the fluid sample between the first detection point and the second detection point, wherein the comparing further comprises: determining a rate of change as (I2/I02?I1/I01)/(t2?t1), wherein I01 is a baseline intensity reading taken of clean water using the at least one first detector located at the first detection point, and wherein I02 is another baseline intensity reading taken of the clean water using the at least one second detector located at the second detection point.

US Pat. No. 10,393,664

POINT-OF-CARE TEST SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR APPLYING A SAMPLE

1. A test method comprising:a) applying a sample fluid in a sample channel of a test system, wherein the sample channel leads to a discharge area and a membrane, wherein the membrane comprises a first surface having at least one test reagent fixed thereon and a second surface formed on the reverse side of the first surface, wherein the second surface is facing the discharge area and has a wetting point, wherein the sample channel comprises a narrowed area connected to a widened area at its end that faces the second surface through a discharge opening, and wherein the widened area ends in the discharge area with a discharge opening edge;
b) applying pressure to the sample channel so that the sample fluid passes through the discharge opening from the narrowed area and forms a drop that adheres to the discharge opening;
c) enlarging the drop by applying pressure to the sample channel until the drop contacts the wetting point on the second surface; and
d) allowing the sample fluid to penetrate from the second surface toward the first surface to react with the at least one test reagent.

US Pat. No. 10,393,662

SURFACE ENHANCED FLUORESCENCE SPECTROSCOPY APPARATUS

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A method for forming a surface-enhanced fluorescence spectroscopy (SEFS) apparatus, said method comprising:depositing a plurality of surface-enhanced spectroscopy (SES) elements onto respective tips of a group of adjacent nano-fingers;
introducing fluorescent probe molecules that are to bind with target molecules between the plurality of SES elements; and
causing the nano-fingers in the group of adjacent nano-fingers to partially collapse toward each other to cause the plurality of SES elements on the respective tips of the nano-fingers in the group to come into sufficiently close proximities to each other to trap a fluorescent probe molecule of the fluorescent probe molecules between the is plurality of SES elements.

US Pat. No. 10,393,661

STRUCTURED ILLUMINATION MICROSCOPIC DEVICE AND STRUCTURED ILLUMINATION OBSERVATION METHOD

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. A structured illumination microscopic device, comprising:a first spatial modulator including
a first optical converter that converts source light to excitation light having an optical frequency ?1 and for shifting a fluorescent substance to an excitation level,
a brancher that branches the excitation light into plural excitation light beams, and
an objective lens that forms the excitation light from the branched plural excitation light beams and spatially modulates a fluorescent sample, wherein the excitation light has a sinusoidal illumination distribution of a spatial frequency K;
a second spatial modulator including
a second optical converter that converts the source light to a stimulation light having an optical frequency ?2 and for shifting the fluorescent substance exciting to a base level,
the brancher, wherein the brancher branches the stimulation light into plural stimulation light beams, and
the objective lens, wherein the objective lens forms the stimulation light from the branched plural stimulation light beams and spatially modulates the fluorescent sample, wherein the stimulation light has a sinusoidal illumination distribution of the spatial frequency K; and
an imager that forms and obtains, via the objective lens, a modulated image of the fluorescent sample with spontaneously emitted light generated at the fluorescent sample in accordance with the excitation light and the stimulation light.