US Pat. No. 10,338,657

USE OF VOLATILE MEMORY AS NON-VOLATILE MEMORY

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A computing device comprising:one or more processors that cause the computing device to at least:
receive information indicative of an amount of energy in a battery, the energy available for use by the computing device;
determine, based at least in part on an amount of energy needed to perform a memory transfer operation, a number of pages whose content is transferable to a non-volatile storage device using the amount of energy available for use by the computing device; and
configure pages of volatile memory of the computing device as non-volatile memory, wherein a number of the configured pages is based on the determined number of pages whose content is transferable.

US Pat. No. 10,338,656

USB TYPE-C SIGNAL INTERFACE CIRCUIT

Cypress Semiconductor Cor...

1. A device comprising a USB-C controller instantiated as a first integrated circuit, the USB-C controller comprising:a first set of terminals to be coupled to host controllers;
a second set of terminals to be coupled to sets of D+/D? terminals of a type-C receptacle;
a D+/D? multiplexer to selectively couple the first set of terminals to the second set of terminals;
an electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection circuit coupled between the D+/D? multiplexer and the second set of terminals; and
a charger detector circuit coupled between a positive data system terminal and a negative data system terminal of the first set of terminals, the charger detector circuit to detect whether the second set of terminals is coupled to a USB charger through the type-C receptacle.

US Pat. No. 10,338,655

ADVANCED FALL THROUGH MECHANISM FOR LOW POWER SEQUENCERS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for DC power management, the method comprising:executing a first command, wherein the first command is associated with a unique group tag;
comparing the unique group tag to a master group tag;
determining if an interrupt is detected, wherein if the interrupt is detected, all commands associated with the unique group tag are executed prior to executing a second command;
locking the master group tag to yield a locked master group tag;
executing the second command, wherein the second command is associated with the locked master group tag;
determining that an end of commands in the locked master group tag is reached and
executing a sequence jump through command to put a processor back to a regular power state.

US Pat. No. 10,338,653

POWER DELIVERY TO RACK-MOUNTED FIELD REPLACEABLE UNITS USING AC AND/OR DC INPUT POWER SOURCES

ORACLE INTERNATIONAL CORP...

1. A system for delivering direct current (DC) power to field replaceable units (FRUs) of a computing rack, comprising:a rectifier comprising:
a plurality of input nodes for receiving a respective plurality of mains power supplies; and
at least one output node for outputting a DC power supply; and
an electrical bypass mechanism comprising:
an input node electrically interconnected to the output node of the rectifier;
a first output node;
a second output node;
a first conductive path electrically connecting the input node and the first output node; and
a second conductive path electrically interconnectable between a) the first input node of the electrical bypass mechanism or the first conductive path, and b) the second output node, wherein the first and second output nodes are configured to output respective DC voltages irrespective of whether the system receives one or more mains power sources and/or one or more DC input power sources, wherein the second conductive path comprises a removable jumper.

US Pat. No. 10,338,652

HIGH VOLTAGE PROTECTION SYSTEM FOR ADJUSTING DUTY CYCLE BY USING PULSE WIDTH MODULATION SIGNAL

Prolific Technology Inc.,...

1. A high voltage protection system, comprising:a high voltage processing circuit configured to receive and processes a high voltage, comprising:
a first resistor comprising:
a first terminal configured to receive the high voltage; and
a second terminal;
a second resistor comprising:
a first terminal coupled to the second terminal of the first resistor; and
a second terminal coupled to a ground terminal;
a third resistor comprising:
a first terminal coupled to the first terminal of the second resistor; and
a second terminal;
a fourth resistor comprising:
a first terminal configured to receive a voltage corresponding to a first direct current; and
a second terminal coupled to the second terminal of the third resistor;
a fifth resistor comprising:
a first terminal; and
a second terminal coupled to a ground terminal;
an adder comprising:
a first terminal coupled to the second terminal of the fourth resistor;
a second terminal coupled to the first terminal of the fifth resistor; and
an output terminal configured to output a cumulative voltage to a pulse width modulation signal outputting circuit; and
a sixth resistor comprising:
a first terminal coupled to the second terminal of the adder; and
a second terminal coupled to the output terminal of the adder;
the pulse width modulation signal outputting circuit coupled to the high voltage processing circuit and configured to generate a pulse width modulation signal;
a driving circuit coupled to the pulse width modulation signal outputting circuit and configured to receive the pulse width modulation signal and generate a driving voltage accordingly; and
a coil module coupled to the driving circuit and operated according to the driving voltage;
wherein the pulse width modulation signal outputting circuit generates the pulse width modulation signal to protect the coil module according to an intensity of the high voltage through the high voltage processing circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,338,651

COMPUTING DEVICE LOCATION

HEWLETT PACKARD ENTERPRIS...

1. A client device comprising:a timing engine to:
obtain reset information associated with a plurality of computing devices located at a plurality of locations, wherein each computing device comprises a timer, and
obtain timer values of the timers of the plurality of computing devices; and a location engine to:
determine, based at least on the reset information and the timer values, the location of at least one of the plurality of computing devices,
wherein the reset information comprises a reset sequence according to which the timers of the plurality of computing devices are reset, and
wherein each of the timers is to reset when at least one of i) auxiliary power is provided to the computing device comprising the timer; and ii) a control coupled to the computing device comprising the timer is manually activated.

US Pat. No. 10,338,650

CHASSIS OUTER SURFACE SUPPLEMENTAL PASSIVE COOLING SYSTEM

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. A chassis outer surface passive supplemental cooling system, comprising:a first chassis that defines a first chassis housing and that includes a first chassis wall having a first chassis outer surface that is located opposite the first chassis wall from the first chassis housing;
a heat producing component that is located in the first chassis housing and that is configured to generate heat;
a heat transfer device that is located in the first chassis housing and that engages the heat producing component and the first chassis wall, wherein the engagement of the heat producing component, the heat transfer device, and the first chassis wall provides for the transfer of heat from the heat producing component, through the heat transfer device, and through the first chassis wall to the first chassis outer surface in order to enable supplemental passive cooling of the heat producing component via the first chassis outer surface;
a heat dissipation aperture that is defined by the first chassis and that extends through the first chassis to the first chassis housing;
a heat dissipation device that is located in the first chassis housing adjacent the heat dissipation aperture and that engages the heat transfer device, wherein the engagement of the heat dissipation device and the heat transfer device provides for the transfer of heat from the heat transfer device to the heat dissipation device;
a forced convection device that is located in the first chassis housing adjacent the heat dissipation structure, wherein the forced convection device is configured to generate an airflow past the heat dissipation structure and out of the first chassis through the heat dissipation aperture to enable primary active cooling of the heat producing component; and
a second chassis that defines a second chassis housing and that includes a second chassis wall having a second chassis outer surface that is located opposite the second chassis wall from the second chassis housing, wherein the first chassis is located in the second chassis housing such that the first chassis outer surface engages the second chassis wall, and wherein the engagement of the first chassis outer surface and the second chassis wall provides for the transfer of heat from the first chassis outer surface and through the second chassis wall to the second chassis outer surface in order to enable supplemental passive cooling of the heat producing component via the second chassis outer surface.

US Pat. No. 10,338,649

FAN CONTROL APPARATUS AND METHOD OF OPERATING THE SAME

ENERMAX TECHNOLOGY CORPOR...

1. A fan control apparatus comprising:a power port configured to receive a main power source and an auxiliary power source;
a control unit connected between the power port and a processor mounted on a main board;
a drive unit connected to the control unit; and
a trigger switch connected to the control unit;
wherein the control unit is configured to receive a pulse-width modulation signal with a duty cycle outputted from the processor, and the control unit is configured to determine whether the duty cycle is greater than at least one threshold value set by the control unit, wherein the duty cycle is varied according to a number of triggering of the trigger switch; when the duty cycle is greater than the at least one threshold value, the control unit is configured to control a plurality of fans through the drive unit.

US Pat. No. 10,338,648

KEY-VALUE DRIVE ULTRATHIN SATA CONNECTOR

Toshiba Memory Corporatio...

1. A SATA connector comprising: a connector body having a first receptacle formed therein to accommodate at least a portion of a mating SATA connector and a second receptacle; a plurality of elongated conductors positioned partially within the second receptacle, each having a first end extending partially out of the second receptacle and into the first receptacle for connection with a corresponding contact of the mating SATA connector, a second end that extends out of the connector body for connection with an external conductor, and a body portion connecting the first end and the second end, wherein the body portion has a U-shaped bend of at least about 180 degrees at a distal end of the elongated conductor in an insertion direction of the mating SATA connector and said U-shaped bend is located completely within the second receptacle.

US Pat. No. 10,338,646

RADIO FREQUENCY AMPLIFIER CIRCUIT AND MOBILE TERMINAL HAVING THE SAME

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A mobile terminal, comprising:a main transmitter to amplify and transmit a first signal of a first frequency band through a first path and a second path;
an auxiliary transmitter to amplify and transmit a second signal of a second frequency band through a third path; and
a controller to control a distortion signal by combining the amplified first signal and the amplified second signal with each other when the distortion signal is to occur in frequency bands adjacent to the first frequency band, and
wherein the main transmitter operates in the first frequency band that is a narrow band,
wherein the auxiliary transmitter operates in the second frequency band that is a wide band, and
wherein the second frequency band is set to include the first frequency band.

US Pat. No. 10,338,644

DISPLAY DEVICE

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A display device comprising:a lower substrate;
an upper substrate above the lower substrate,
wherein the lower substrate has an accommodation space at a bottom surface thereof in a non-display area, the accommodation space configured to receive at least a portion of a camera therein, and
wherein the upper substrate has a transparent area corresponding to the accommodation space of the lower substrate; and
a low reflective film attached to a bottom surface of the upper substrate in the accommodation space to minimize glittering effects caused by light reflections caused by the camera,
wherein the low reflective film is of a tape-type,
wherein the low reflective film includes a transparent adhesive layer attached to the bottom surface of the upper substrate, a low reflective layer disposed under the transparent adhesive layer, and a protective layer under the low reflective layer to protect the low reflective layer from the camera, and
wherein the protective layer allows the camera to contact therewith.

US Pat. No. 10,338,642

HALL SWITCH WITH ADAPTIVE THRESHOLD

Honeywell International I...

1. A position sensor, comprising:a Hall-effect sensor;
an adaptation electronic stage coupled to the Hall-effect sensor that outputs a comparison threshold signal based on peak detecting an output of the Hall-effect sensor using a long term adjustment and resetting the long term adjustment to a current output of the Hall-effect sensor in response to a short term adjustment, wherein the adaptation electronic stage comprises:
a rapid adaptation stage comprising:
a first comparator;
a counter operatively coupled to the first comparator; and,
a reset signal generation stage operatively coupled to the counter; and,
a peak and hold stage comprising:
a peak-and-hold and decrement register operatively coupled to the reset signal generation stage; and,
a switch electronic stage coupled to the Hall-effect sensor and to the adaptation electronic stage that switches to output a logic active value in response to the output of the Hall-effect sensor exceeding the comparison threshold output,
wherein an input of the first comparator is operatively coupled to the output of the Hall-effect sensor and an output of the peak and hold stage, such that the first comparator is configured to output a switch output signal indicative of a comparison between the output of the Hall-effect sensor and a fraction of the output of the peak and hold/decrement register,
wherein the counter is configured to increment on each transition of the switch output signal,
wherein the reset signal generation stage is configured to generate the short term adjustment to reset the peak and hold/decrement register in response to the counter exceeding a predefined value.

US Pat. No. 10,338,640

HEAD MOUNTED DISPLAY

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. A head mounted display comprising:a storage;
an interface unit configured to be connected with a cartridge being different from the storage;
a determinator configured to determine whether the head mounted display is inside a specific area or not when the cartridge is connected to the interface unit; and
at least one controller configured to execute, when the determinator determines that the head mounted display is inside the specific area, the an application based on first data that is acquired from the cartridge, and to execute, when the determinator determines that the head mounted display is not inside the specific area, another application for displaying second data that is acquired from the cartridge, wherein
the at least one controller is further configured to acquire the second data according to the execution of the application based on the first data, and write the acquired second data in the cartridge through the interface unit, and
the head mounted display is contained within a pair of eyeglasses comprising two temples and a front, each temple having one end portion connected to the front via a hinge, and
the cartridge is configured to be installed in an opening provided in one surface of contact of one of the end portions connected with the front.

US Pat. No. 10,338,639

MOBILE DEVICE PROCESSOR UNIT

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A system comprising:at least one mobile device processor unit for a mobile device comprising a wireless transceiver configured to communicate via a wireless network connection to a network, the mobile device processor unit comprising a communicatively coupled set of mobile device components that are configured to execute at least one mobile device program of instructions that are configured to receive data over the wireless network connection, the communicatively coupled set of mobile device components corresponding to a limited selection of components of an individual complete mobile device, the individual complete mobile device comprising the wireless transceiver; and
a mobile device unit support chassis comprising a slot space and configured to receive the at least one mobile device processor unit into the slot space to communicatively couple the at least one mobile device processor unit with a remotely-located computer system supporting a remotely-located user via a reverse tethering connection to a communication network;
wherein the mobile device processor unit is configured to, based at least in part upon a user interaction with the mobile device processor unit, initiated by the remotely-located user, over the reverse tethering connection to the communication network:
execute the at least one mobile device program of instructions to receive the data over the reverse tethering connection instead of the wireless network connection, and
generate a display signal, based at least in part upon the execution of the at least one mobile device program of instructions, to present a mobile device user interface on a display of the remotely-located computer system supporting the remotely-located user, wherein the mobile device user interface corresponds to a mobile device user interface presented on a display of the complete mobile device.

US Pat. No. 10,338,638

WEARABLE SMART DEVICE

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A wearable smart device, comprising:a flexible display unit;
a first frame configured to support the flexible display unit, the first frame being configured to be recoverably deformed to have first curvature to be worn on a body of a user; and
a second frame configured to be recoverably deformed to have a second curvature greater than the first curvature, the second frame being configured to be movably coupled with the first frame to relatively move with respect to the first frame while being deformed,
wherein the second frame is configured to control an amount of deformation of the wearable smart device, and
wherein the second frame is configured to form a space to accommodate components for driving the wearable smart device.

US Pat. No. 10,338,636

COMPUTING DEVICE WITH KEYBOARD MODE

Lenovo (Singapore) Pte. L...

1. A device comprising:a processor;
memory operatively coupled to the processor;
a display housing that comprises a display operatively coupled to the processor;
a keyboard housing that comprises a keyboard;
a hinge assembly that operatively couples the display housing and the keyboard housing for transitions between a closed orientation, an open orientation and a folded orientation;
an orientation sensor, wherein the orientation sensor comprises a spatial orientation sensor that determines orientation of the device with respect to gravity; and
wireless communication circuitry that, in a wireless keyboard mode of the folded orientation, operatively couples to the keyboard.

US Pat. No. 10,338,635

PANEL VIBRATION TYPE SOUND GENERATING ACTUATOR AND DOUBLE-FACED DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A double-faced display device comprising:a first display panel and a second display panel providing a front surface and a rear surface of the display device, respectively;
a sound generating actuator connected to the first display panel and the second display panel to simultaneously vibrate the first display panel and the second display panel to generate sound waves; and
a support part configured to support the sound generating actuator, the first display panel, and the second display panel,
wherein the first display panel is configured to be vibrated by the sound generating actuator to generate sound waves with different frequency characteristics from sound waves being generated by the second display panel,
wherein the sound generating actuator comprises:
a bobbin having at least one opening part;
a plate having at least one through-hole;
a magnet disposed on the plate;
a center pole located at a center of the lower plate; and
a coil wound around an outside of a portion of the bobbin, and
wherein the bobbin further comprises at least one connection part connecting an upper part and a lower part of the bobbin and being located between the at least one opening part, the connection part being inserted through the through-hole of the plate.

US Pat. No. 10,338,634

SEMICONDUCTOR STORAGE DEVICE HAVING A SUPPORT MEMBER FOR A MEMORY CONTROLLER

Toshiba Memory Corporatio...

1. A semiconductor storage device comprising:a substrate having first, second, third, and fourth lateral sides and a connector interface on the first lateral side;
a nonvolatile semiconductor memory disposed on a surface of the substrate between the first lateral side and the second lateral side, which is opposite to the first lateral side;
a memory controller disposed on a surface of the substrate between the first lateral side and the second lateral side; and
a support for the memory controller disposed on a surface of the substrate to support at least one side of the memory controller, wherein
the memory controller and the support are disposed on a same surface of the substrate,
the support includes a portion between the memory controller and the third lateral side that extends along an entire side surface of the memory controller,
the support further includes a portion between the memory controller and the first lateral side that extends only partially along a side surface of the memory controller, and the support includes a first portion attached to the substrate and a second portion that is formed on the first portion and has a thermal conductivity lower than that of the first portion.

US Pat. No. 10,338,630

OPTICAL COMPUTING SYSTEM

International Business Ma...

1. A photonic computing system comprising:a continuous optical interference region, said continuous optical interference region being confined within edges and having an inner area within said edges, said edges being reflective of an optical input signal;
an input waveguide configured to couple the optical input signal to the continuous optical interference region and to create an optical interference pattern in the continuous optical interference region, the interference pattern having an optical power distribution; and
readout circuitry arranged in the inner area of the continuous optical interference region and configured to detect an optical readout signal of the optical power distribution at an arbitrarily located readout position of the inner area of the continuous optical interference region.

US Pat. No. 10,338,629

OPTIMIZING NEUROSYNAPTIC NETWORKS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method comprising:reading a neural network description describing a neural network, wherein the neural network comprises at least one neuron and the neural network description comprises a parameter indicating whether a timing of the at least one neuron should be preserved during optimization;
identifying one or more functional unit of the neural network;
optimizing the one or more functional unit of the neural network;
writing an optimized neural network description based on the optimized functional unit.

US Pat. No. 10,338,627

VEHICLE INTERIOR STRUCTURE

MAZDA MOTOR CORPORATION, ...

1. A vehicle interior structure comprising:an instrumental panel support member to which an instrumental panel is fixed, the instrumental panel support member extending in a vehicle width direction;
a pedal-backward-preventive bracket against which a supporting portion of a control pedal abuts when the control pedal controlled by a foot of a driver moves backward, the pedal-backward-preventive bracket being fixed to the instrumental panel support member;
a mount bracket on which a head-up display is mounted, the mount bracket being fixed to the instrumental panel support member; and
a load transfer portion that is provided between the pedal-backward-preventive bracket and the mount bracket to transfer a rearward load input to the pedal-backward-preventive bracket to the mount bracket via the supporting portion.

US Pat. No. 10,338,625

VOLTAGE REGULATION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING POWER TO A LOAD

Infineon Technologies Aus...

1. A voltage regulation system for providing power to a load, the voltage regulation system comprising:a voltage regulator operable to:
set an operating voltage of the load at a first voltage level which corresponds to a first voltage requirement of the load;
receive a second voltage requirement of the load which is different than the first voltage requirement; and
produce a voltage ramp signal which transitions from the first voltage level to a second voltage level which corresponds to the second voltage requirement at a defined ramp rate; and
a compensation circuit configured to compensate the voltage ramp signal by adding a post-ramp offset to the end of the voltage ramp signal, the post-ramp offset comprising an offset amplitude and a hold-time.

US Pat. No. 10,338,624

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MONITORING AND REDUCING ENERGY USAGE IN THE HOME

1. A system for detecting, monitoring, and reporting energy use in a home having an HVAC device, said system comprising:a thermal sensor device in communication with the HVAC device and operable to detect and collect run-time data indicative of an energy consumption event, said thermal sensor device having a processor and a non-volatile memory configured to store said collected run-time data;
wherein said collected run-time data includes:
real time data including a start time and an end time regarding said energy consumption event;
only non-quantifiable data unrelated to electrical current or voltage or volume of natural gas or propane;
wherein said thermal sensor device includes a run-time sensor and operable for detecting in real time when the HVAC switches on or off;
an application running on a local computing device in data communication with said thermal sensor device and configured to receive said collected run-time data;
a remote computing device located remote from and in electronic communication with said application so as to receive said collected run-time data from said application, said remote computing device including a remote processor and a non-volatile memory having data structures and programming;
programming in said remote memory that, when executed by said remote processor, causes said remote processor to derive an energy use profile based on said received collected run-time data and said associated real time data and to deliver said derived energy use profile to said application;
wherein said application is configured to actuate an output member of the local computing device to display said derived energy use profile;
programming in said remote memory that, when executed by said remote processor, causes said remote processor to derive a proposed reduction of said energy use profile;
wherein said application is configured to actuate an output member of the local computing device to display said derived proposed reduction of said energy use profile and to deliver said derived proposed reduction of said energy use profile to said application;
wherein said application is operable to cause said HVAC device to start and stop according to said proposed reduction of said energy use profile;
wherein:
said collected energy use data includes variation data of thermal step response data indicative of a variation in time from an end of a respective “on period” and a next start time relative to activation of the energy consuming device;
said programming causes said remote processor to determine targeted advice data from said recommendation data based on said variation data derived from said collected energy use data, said real time data, said thermal step response data.

US Pat. No. 10,338,623

POWER AND CONTROL DEVICE FOR MEDIUM VOLTAGE APPLICATIONS

ABB SCHWEIZ AG, Baden (C...

1. A power and control device for medium voltage applications, which comprises:a power and control unit having a first feeding port electrically coupleable with electric power supply means;
a first controller, which in operation is electrically connected to said first feeding port and said power supply means, said first controller being configured to prevent the electrical feeding of said power and control unit through said first feeding port, in response to the operating temperature of said power and control device being lower than a first threshold value (TH1) indicative of a minimum operating temperature provided for said power and control unit; and
a second controller, which in operation is electrically connected to a second feeding port and an electric energy storage means, said second controller being configured to prevent the electrical feeding of said power and control unit through said first feeding port, in response to the operating temperature of said power and control device being lower than a second threshold value (TH2) indicative of the minimum operating temperature provided for said electric energy storage means;
wherein TH1 is different from TH2.

US Pat. No. 10,338,622

POWER ADJUSTMENT DEVICE, POWER ADJUSTMENT METHOD, POWER ADJUSTMENT SYSTEM, POWER STORAGE DEVICE, SERVER, PROGRAM

PANASONIC CORPORATION, O...

1. A power adjustment device configured to supply power received from a power grid and power of a power storage apparatus to an electric load in a consumer's facility, the power adjustment device comprising:a prediction portion configured to obtain a prediction value of demand power that is power to be consumed in the electric load in a planning period, the planning period being a period in which the power storage apparatus is charged and discharged;
a planning portion configured to determine a control content of charging of and discharging by the power storage apparatus in the planning period depending on the prediction value of the demand power under a condition that any one of an amount of power to be received from the power grid, a compensation for power to be received from the power grid, and an emission amount of carbon dioxide is minimized;
a controller configured to control the power storage apparatus in accordance with the control content; and
a verification portion configured to estimate a prediction error of the prediction value obtained by the prediction portion,
the planning portion being configured to set the planning period based on:
a maximum value of the demand power in which the prediction error is considered, and
a minimum value of generated power that is generated by a solar power generation apparatus installed in the consumer's facility in which the prediction error is considered.

US Pat. No. 10,338,621

VOLTAGE REGULATOR IN USB POWER DELIVERY INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

Texas Instruments Incorpo...

1. An integrated circuit (IC), comprising:an output; and
a voltage regulator comprising:
an amplifier having a first input coupled to a reference voltage source and a second input coupled to the output;
a first resistor coupled to the output and coupled to a ground terminal;
a metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) having a gate coupled to an output of the amplifier and a drain coupled to the output; and
a second resistor coupled to a source of the MOSFET and coupled to the ground terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,338,620

FEEDBACK CIRCUIT FOR REGULATION LOOPS

Infineon Technologies AG,...

16. A method comprising:sensing a voltage step in a reference voltage signal received at a first input of an amplifier circuit;
generating a voltage step across a soft-shaper circuit approximately equal to the voltage step in the reference voltage signal in response to sensing the voltage step in the reference voltage signal;
delivering a feedback signal from the soft-shaper circuit to the amplifier circuit, wherein the feedback signal includes the voltage step across the soft-shaper circuit; and
ramping, after generating the voltage step across the soft-shaper circuit, a voltage level across the soft-shaper circuit to zero.

US Pat. No. 10,338,619

VOLTAGE REGULATOR WITH PERFORMANCE COMPENSATION

NXP B.V., San Jose, CA (...

1. A voltage regulation system, comprising:a digitally-assisted voltage regulator that receives a supply voltage and a reference voltage, and generates a regulated voltage signal and at least one control signal;
a variable strength gate driver circuit connected to the digitally-assisted voltage regulator for receiving the regulated voltage signal, a load compensation signal, and a control enable signal, and generating a gate driver signal;
a gate driver transistor connected between the supply voltage and ground, and having a gate that receives the gate driver signal; and
a compensation circuit connected to the digitally-assisted voltage regulator for receiving the at least one control signal, using the at least one control signal to estimate a load profile of a load connected to the voltage regulation system and generating a regulator compensation signal and the load compensation signal based on a digital reference code stored in a memory in order to adjust the regulated voltage signal to compensate for differing process and temperature conditions,
wherein the regulator compensation signal is provided to the digitally-assisted voltage regulator to adjust a level of the reference voltage in order to regulate the voltage level of the regulated voltage signal, and the load compensation signal is provided to the variable strength gate driver circuit to control a ramp-rate of the gate driver signal.

US Pat. No. 10,338,617

REGULATOR CIRCUIT

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A regulator circuit that is configured to receive a power voltage from a power supply unit to a first power line and output a constant voltage from an output terminal according to a reference voltage, the regulator circuit comprising:a reference voltage generating circuit that is configured to generate the reference voltage;
an operational amplifier that is configured to compare the reference voltage and a feedback voltage and output an op-amp output voltage from an op-amp output terminal, the feedback voltage being fed back according to the reference voltage and a regulator output voltage of the output terminal of the regulator circuit;
a buffer stage that includes a first transistor and a second transistor, the first transistor having a control terminal connected to the op-amp output terminal, and the second transistor being connected in series to a first main energization path of the first transistor;
an output transistor that is connected posterior to the buffer stage, is connected to the second transistor to form a current mirror, and has an output main energization path between the first power line and the output terminal of the regulator circuit;
a feedback circuit that is connected in series to the output main energization path and is configured to output the feedback voltage according to the regulator output voltage; and
an overcurrent controlling circuit that includes an overcurrent detection transistor having a control terminal commonly connected to the control terminal of the first transistor of the buffer stage and having a detection main energization path, wherein
the overcurrent controlling circuit is configured to apply the op-amp output voltage to the control terminal of the first transistor and allow a normal operation of the first transistor when an energization current of the output main energization path, which is detected by the overcurrent detection transistor, is less than a predetermined value, and
the overcurrent controlling circuit is configured to control the op-amp output voltage to a predetermined control voltage according to a detection current flowing in the detection main energization path when the energization current of the output main energization path is equal to or greater than the predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 10,338,614

LOW DROPOUT LINEAR REGULATOR WITH INTERNALLY COMPENSATED EFFECTIVE SERIES RESISTANCE

Analog Devices, Inc., No...

1. A voltage regulator circuit having an internally compensated effective series resistance, the circuit comprising:a control circuit to generate an output current at a regulated output voltage based on a reference voltage, the control circuit compromising:
a first amplifier circuit,
a feedback element coupled to feedback the output voltage to an input of the first amplifier circuit, and
a compensation circuit coupled to the control circuit and to the feedback element to couple the internally compensated effective series resistance into the control circuit, the compensation circuit comprising:
a first device, arranged to generate a first sensed current proportional to a current through an N-type pass-device,
a second device, coupled to the feedback element and to the input of the first amplifier circuit, the second device being arranged to generate a second sensed current proportional to the current through the N-type pass-device, and
a bias circuit coupled to sink the first sensed current and the second sensed current to reduce a bias voltage across the feedback element below a threshold voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,338,613

CIRCUITS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING POWER AND DATA COMMUNICATION IN ISOLATED SYSTEM ARCHITECTURES

Triune Systems, L.L.C., ...

1. A switch controller, comprising:a microcontroller external to said switch controller;
a monolithic substrate;
a first and second drive circuit located on said monolithic substrate and configured to drive a respective first and second power switch, wherein said respective first and second power switch drives a respective first and second load;
a diagnostics block located on said monolithic substrate and configured to provide diagnostic signals indicating at least one attribute associated with said first and second power switch; and
a control block located on said monolithic substrate and configured to drive said first and second drive circuits in response to separate first and second control signals from said external microcontroller based on said diagnostic signals.

US Pat. No. 10,338,610

AERIAL DISPLAY VISUALIZATION

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. A method for distributing a plurality of drones to form an aerial image, the method comprising:receiving, at a computing device comprising a processor, location data and drone data, the location data defining aspects of an aerial image to be formed by a plurality of drones, the drone data include a number of drones within the plurality of drones;
distributing, by the computing device, the plurality of drones based on the aspects of the aerial image such that, during flight, the plurality of drones form the aerial image; and
exporting, by the computing device, coordinates for each of the plurality of drones, the coordinate for each of the plurality of drones defining a location for a respective drone within the aerial image.

US Pat. No. 10,338,609

AUTHORIZING DRONE ACCESS TO FULFILLMENT CENTERS

T-Mobile USA, Inc., Bell...

1. A method performed by an authorization system of an airborne fulfillment center (AFC) for providing a drone with access to the airborne fulfillment center, the method comprising:receiving a request for access to the airborne fulfillment center by a drone located within a geographical region that includes the airborne fulfillment center;
sending a request to the drone for virtual access credentials associated with the drone;
upon receiving the virtual access credentials from the drone, determining whether the virtual access credentials match virtual access credentials stored in a database of the authorization system,
wherein the database of the authorization system includes a data structure that relates drones known to the airborne fulfillment center with access credentials for the known drones;
if the virtual access credentials match access credentials stored in the database of the authorization system, sending a request to the drone to provide physical access credentials;
determining whether the physical access credentials match a physical access verification device associated with the authorization system based on determining whether a certain configuration of pins extending from a probe of the drone couples to an input component of the physical access verification device; and
if the physical access credentials match the physical access verification device, authorizing the drone with access to the airborne fulfillment center.

US Pat. No. 10,338,607

UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR POSITIONING AN UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE

MICRODRONES GMBH, Siegen...

1. A method of self-positioning an unmanned aerial vehicle comprising the steps of:providing an unmanned aerial vehicle including a global positioning system including a GPS module and an antenna for receiving GPS signals from a plurality of satellites, said unmanned aerial vehicle further including a magnetic compass, a vehicle positioning module, a control unit and a vehicle propulsion system;
operating said global positioning system to receive and process GPS signals, to generate an actual or current position coordinate signal as a function of said GPS signals and to route the actual or current position coordinate signal to the vehicle positioning module;
operating the vehicle positioning module to compare the actual or current position coordinate signal with a previously input desired position coordinate signal, to generate a first piece of directional information as a function of the range or distance between the actual position and the desired position of the unmanned aerial vehicle when the difference there between exceeds a predetermined threshold value;
further operating the vehicle positioning module to receive a compass signal regarding the current orientation of the unmanned aerial vehicle relative to the earth's magnetic field and generating a second piece of direction information transmitted to the control unit to actuate the propulsion system for corrective motion of said unmanned aerial vehicle;
initiating a corrective motion of the unmanned aerial vehicle in the direction of the desired position as a function of a first piece of direction information intersecting the initial actual position and the desired position of the unmanned aerial vehicle; and
iteratively repeating the previous method steps,
characterized in that at the end of the corrective motion the first piece of directional information is completely superseded by the second piece of directional information.

US Pat. No. 10,338,596

POSITIONING OF A MOBILE PLATFORM USING A BUMPER

iTRACK LLC, Rochester, M...

6. A system for precise positioning of a mobile platform at a station, said system comprising:a stationary bumper at said station; and
an autonomous mobile platform with a plurality of non-collinearly positioned contact stops, a drive shaft, and sensors for measuring contact with said stationary bumper, said mobile platform having a locking mechanism for preventing movement of the drive shaft in response to simultaneous input from at least three points of contact of the sensors for measuring contact with said stationary bumper to provide the precise positioning of said mobile platform.

US Pat. No. 10,338,595

METHOD FOR TREATING A FLOOR SURFACE AND FLOOR TREATING APPARATUS

1. A method for treating a floor surface using a self-propelled and self-steering floor treating apparatus, wherein the treatment of the floor surface is based on a pattern along which the floor treating apparatus is moved, wherein the pattern has paths in side-by-side relationship to one another and wherein when the floor treating apparatus travels a path, a respective treatment area is covered and treated by the floor treating apparatus, wherein a control unit of the floor cleaning apparatus adapts the pattern to at least one of the size and contour of the floor surface such that boundaries of the floor surface opposite each other have in each case a path extending therealong with a treatment area adjacent to the boundary for performing close-to-the-edge treatment and the control unit arranges intermediate paths such that full-coverage treatment of the floor surface is realized, wherein the control unit arranges the relative position of at least two paths in side-by-side relationship to one another such that the treatment areas thereof overlap at least in sections thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,338,575

PRODUCTION PROCESSING APPARATUS, PRODUCTION PROCESSING METHOD, AND WORK MANUFACTURING METHOD

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A production processing apparatus, comprising:a first robot arm capable of conveying a work;
a plurality of first tilt tables on each of which the work conveyed by the first robot arm is mountable,
wherein the plurality of first tilt tables is tilted at a first angle from a horizontal surface at first positions on a circumference of a first circle with the first robot arm as a center, and
wherein the work is subjected to production processing in a first state where the work is mounted on one of the plurality of first tilt tables; and
a plurality of first horizontal tables on each of which the work conveyed by the first robot arm is mountable,
wherein the plurality of first horizontal tables is parallel to the horizontal surface at positions closer to the first robot arm than the plurality of first tilt tables, and
wherein the work is subjected to the production processing in a second state where the work is mounted on one of the plurality of first horizontal tables.

US Pat. No. 10,338,566

VARIABLE SLICING FOR 3D MODELING

KT CORPORATION, Seongnam...

1. A method of varying a slicing thickness for 3D modeling, comprising:receiving 3D modeling data from a user device;
carrying out a virtual simulation to virtually slice the 3D modeling data, in accordance with a first thickness, into multiple cross-sections, the 3D modeling data being sliced virtually such that each of the multiple cross-sections has the same thickness;
calculating a complexity of one or more of the multiple cross-sections produced according to the result of the virtual simulation;
determining a slicing thickness of the 3D modeling data based on the complexity of the one or more of the multiple cross-sections;
slicing the 3D modeling data in the determined slicing thickness;
generating a G-code based on the sliced 3D modeling data; and
transmitting the G-code to a 3D printer,
wherein the determining includes:
dividing the 3D modeling data into a plurality of parts based on the complexity of the one or more of the multiple cross-sections produced according to the result of the virtual simulation,
calculating a respective complexity of each of the plurality of parts, and
determining a respective slicing thickness of each of the plurality of parts based on the respective complexity of each of the plurality of parts, and
wherein the slicing includes slicing each of the plurality of parts in accordance with the respective determined slicing thickness, and
wherein the calculating of the complexity of the one or more of the multiple cross-sections comprises:
counting at least one of a number of vertexes or a number of lines that intersect with the one or more of the multiple cross-sections; and
calculating the complexity of the one or more of the multiple cross-sections based on at least one of the counted number of vertexes or the counted number of lines.

US Pat. No. 10,338,561

DATA GENERATING DEVICE THAT GENERATES DRAWING DATA REPRESENTING INDEX PATTERN TO BE DRAWN ON WORKPIECE BY LASER BEAM FOR MEASURING DEFORMATION OF WORKPIECE

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A data generating device for generating drawing data representing an index pattern to be drawn on a surface of a workpiece by a laser beam emitted from a laser machining device, the index pattern being constituted with a plurality of unit graphics, a deformation test being performed to measure deformation of the workpiece, the data generating device comprising:a memory configured to store a plurality of sets of drawing information about the index pattern and the laser beam used for drawing the index pattern in association with respective ones of a plurality of sets of machining contents individually, each of the plurality of machining contents indicating a machining process to be performed on the workpiece in the deformation test; and
a controller configured to perform:
receiving a generation instruction instructing to start generating the drawing data;
designating one set of machining contents from the plurality of sets of machining contents; and
generating the drawing data according to designated one set of machining contents and corresponding one of the plurality of sets of drawing information.

US Pat. No. 10,338,558

SEQUENTIAL LOGIC CIRCUITRY WITH REDUCED DYNAMIC POWER CONSUMPTION

21, Inc., San Francisco,...

1. An integrated circuit, comprising:a first latch having a first latch input and a first latch output;
a second latch having a second latch input and a second latch output;
clocking circuitry that provides a clock signal to the first and second latches;
combinatorial logic circuitry coupled between the first latch output and the second latch input, wherein the first latch is configured to pass a first bit from the first latch input to the first latch output when the clock signal is received at a first logic level and is configured to block the first bit from passing from the first latch input to the first latch output when the clock signal is received at a second logic level that is different from the first logic level, the combinatorial logic circuitry is configured to generate a second bit based on at least the first bit, the second latch is configured to block the second bit from passing to the second latch output when the clock signal is received at the first logic level and is configured to pass the second bit from the second latch input to the second latch output when the clock signal is received at the second logic level, and the first and second bits identify only two logical states for a finite state machine on the integrated circuit,
wherein the finite state machine is constructed to combine the first bit and the second bit to represent two different logical states,
wherein the integrated circuit is constructed to perform a first action for a first combination of the first bit and the second bit and for a second combination of the first bit and the second bit, and
wherein the integrated circuit is constructed to perform a second action for a third combination of the first bit and the second bit and for a fourth combination of the first bit and the second bit;
a plurality of processing cores; and
control circuitry, wherein the control circuitry is configured to control the plurality of processing cores to solve a cryptographic puzzle by assigning a plurality of different search spaces to each of the plurality of processing cores, wherein the finite state machine includes the first latch, the second latch, and the combinatorial logic circuitry, wherein the finite state machine is formed in a given one of the plurality of processing cores, and wherein the given one of the plurality of processing cores is configured to solve the cryptographic puzzle using at least the two logical states of the finite state machine.

US Pat. No. 10,338,555

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS

Strong Force IOT Portfoli...

1. A system for data collection, processing, and utilization of signals from at least a first element in a first machine in an industrial environment, the system comprising:a platform including a computing environment connected to a local data collection system having at least a first sensor signal and a second sensor signal obtained from at least the first machine in the industrial environment;
a first sensor in the local data collection system configured to be connected to the first machine;
a second sensor in the local data collection system; and
a crosspoint switch in the local data collection system having multiple inputs and multiple outputs including a first input connected to the first sensor and a second input connected to the second sensor, wherein the multiple outputs include a first output and a second output configured to be switchable between a condition in which the first output is configured to switch between delivery of the first sensor signal and the second sensor signal and a condition in which there is simultaneous delivery of the first sensor signal from the first output and the second sensor signal from the second output, wherein each of multiple inputs is configured to be individually assigned to any of the multiple outputs, wherein the local data collection system is configured to manage data collection bands, and wherein the local data collection system includes a neural net expert system using intelligent management of the data collection bands,
wherein the local data collection system includes multiple multiplexing units and multiple data acquisition units receiving multiple data streams from multiple machines in the industrial environment,
wherein the local data collection system includes distributed complex programmable hardware device (CPLD) chips each dedicated to a data bus for logic control of the multiple multiplexing units and the multiple data acquisition units that receive the multiple data streams from the multiple machines in the industrial environment, and
wherein the local data collection system is configured to power-down at least one of an analog sensor channel and a component board.

US Pat. No. 10,338,551

P AND ID AND CONTROL SYSTEM SYNCHRONIZATION

Rockwell Automation Techn...

1. A method for automatically exchanging data between a piping and instrumentation diagram (P&ID) and a control system, comprising:parsing, by a system comprising at least one processor, a P&ID and identifying instruments within the P&ID based on the parsing;
identifying, by the system, a rule, of a set of rules maintained in a template library, corresponding to a group of instruments included in the instruments, wherein the rule defines input tags associated with the group of instruments, output tags associated with the group of instruments, and one or more relationships between the input tags and the output tags;
identifying, by the system based on the rule, one or more input tags and one or more output tags associated with the group of instruments;
determining, by the system based on the rule, at least one relationship between the one or more input tags and the one or more output tags;
identifying, by the system, a control loop based on the at least one relationship between the one or more input tags and the one or more output tags, wherein the control loop is configured to control the instruments in response to execution by the control system;
generating, by the system based on an identity of the control loop, executable source code that, in response to execution by the control system, causes the control system to control the instruments in accordance with the control loop; and
sending, by the system, the executable source code to the control system.

US Pat. No. 10,338,537

INDICATORS FOR EXTERNAL VARIABLES CONSISTING OF SINGULAR AND MULTIPLE DEPLETION CELLS

Vision Works IP Corporati...

1. An electrochemical timing device comprising:a. a lens for viewing a expiration of the timing device,
b. a base,
c. a cathode layer coupled to the lens and the base;
d. an anode layer comprising a plurality of coated non-metalized sections and coupled to the lens and the base; and
e. an electrolyte,
wherein the timing device is activated when the electrolyte comes into contact with the anode layer and the cathode layer, and wherein the electrolyte is prevented from migrating past an edge of depletion by the coated non-metalized sections of the anode layer after the timing device is activated and wherein an RFID antenna is unshielded as the timing device expires, and wherein the electrolyte comprises an unconductive substance that becomes conductive when the electrolyte liquifies, and wherein the RFID antenna conveys additional data.

US Pat. No. 10,338,499

TONER CARTRIDGE INCLUDING DETECTION GEAR

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A toner cartridge comprising:a casing configured to accommodate toner therein;
an auger rotatable about a first axis extending in a first direction, the auger being configured to convey the toner in the first direction, the auger being positioned at one end portion of the casing in a second direction, the auger including an auger shaft extending in the first direction and a helical portion extending from the auger shaft;
an auger gear provided at one end of the auger in the first direction, the auger gear being rotatable with the auger;
an agitator rotatable about a second axis extending in the first direction, the agitator being configured to agitate the toner and configured to convey the toner toward the auger, the agitator being aligned with the auger in the second direction;
an agitator gear provided at one end of the agitator in the first direction, the agitator gear being rotatable with the agitator;
a detection gear positioned opposite to the auger gear with respect to the agitator gear in the second direction, the detection gear being rotatable from a first position to a second position, the detection gear including one of a through-hole and a cutout;
a gear cover covering the agitator gear and the auger gear and the detection gear, the gear cover comprising a second through-hole aligned with the one of the through-hole and the cutout of the detection gear in the first direction in the case where the detection gear is at the first position; and
a frame extending from an outer surface of another end portion of the casing, the frame including a third through-hole aligned with the second through-hole in the first direction,
wherein, in a case where the detection gear is at the first position, the one of the through-hole and the cutout of the detection gear is positioned farther away from the auger than the outer surface the another end portion of the casing in the second direction is positioned from the auger in the second direction, and
wherein, in a case where the detection gear is at the second position, an outer surface of a portion of the detection gear different from the one of the through-hole and the cutout is positioned farther away from the auger than the outer surface of the another end portion of the casing in the second direction is positioned from the auger in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,338,493

DEVELOPING ROLLER, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME

SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIE...

1. A developing roller comprising:a tubular porous inner layer of a foamed product of a semiconductive rubber composition comprising an ethylene propylene rubber and a paraffin oil; and
a single outermost layer comprising a seamless tube of a semiconductive thermoplastic polyamide elastomer provided on an outer periphery of the inner layer;
the developing roller having an overall Asker-C hardness of not less than 30 degrees and not greater than 60 degrees, wherein
the seamless tube has a wall thickness T of not less than 100 ?m and not greater than 400 ?m, and
an interference represented by a difference D1?D2 between the outer diameter D1 of the inner layer and the inner diameter D2 of the seamless tube is not less than 100 ?m and not greater than 400 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,338,492

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS HAVING ELECTROSTATIC CAPACITY DETECTION

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a rotatable image bearing member;
a developing device including a developing container accommodating a developer containing toner and a carrier and a rotatable developer carrying member configured to carry the developer toward a position where an electrostatic image formed on said image bearing member is developed, said developing device being configured to develop the electrostatic image formed on said image bearing member with the developer;
an electrostatic capacity detecting portion configured to detect information on electrostatic capacity between said developer carrying member and said image bearing member;
a toner content detecting portion configured to detect information on a toner content of the developer accommodated in said developing device;
a driving device configured to rotationally drive said developer carrying member; and
a controller configured to control said driving device,
wherein on the basis of the electrostatic capacity detected by said electrostatic capacity detecting portion and the toner content detected by said toner content detecting portion, said controller controls a driving speed at which said developer carrying member is rotationally driven by said driving device.

US Pat. No. 10,338,486

ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTOSENSITIVE MEMBER AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An electrophotographic photosensitive member including a substrate, a photoconductive layer, and a surface layer made of hydrogenated amorphous carbon in this order, whereinan average value of a hydrogen content ratio of the surface layer is 0.40 or less, and
a maximum value of a sp2 bonding ratio in an outermost surface region is 0.50 or less when a region having a depth of 5 nm or less from an outermost surface of the surface layer is defined as the outermost surface region.

US Pat. No. 10,338,477

LITHOGRAPHY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A lithography apparatus, comprising:a reticle having a first surface and a second surface opposite each other, and a pattern region formed on the first surface;
a reticle stage facing the second surface of the reticle, the reticle stage to chuck the reticle;
a first power source to provide a negative voltage to the first surface of the reticle so as to prevent adsorption of particles onto the reticle;
a conductor in physical contact with the reticle and to which a voltage is provided; and
a second power source to provide the voltage to the conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,338,476

REFLECTIVE OPTICAL ELEMENT

CARL ZEISS SMT GMBH, Obe...

1. A reflective optical element, comprising:an optically effective surface;
a substrate;
a reflection layer system; and
at least one porous outgassing layer, which at least intermittently releases particles adsorbed in the outgassing layer when the optically effective surface is irradiated by electromagnetic radiation, and which is arranged on a side of the reflection layer system facing the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,338,469

PHOTOSENSITIVE RESIN COMPOSITION, LITHOGRAPHIC PRINTING PLATE PRECURSOR AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING LITHOGRAPHIC PRINTING PLATE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A photosensitive resin composition, comprising:a polymer compound having a constitutional unit represented by the following Formula A-1 as a constitutional unit A and at least one constitutional unit among constitutional units represented by the following Formulas B-1, B-2, B-4 and B-6 as a constitutional unit B in a main chain; and
an infrared absorbing material,

wherein in Formula A-1 and Formulas B-1, B-2, B-4 and B-6, R1 to R3 each independently represent a divalent linking group, Q represents a divalent structure including a sulfonamide group, n represents an integer of 0 or greater, R4, R5 and R7 each independently represent a single bond or a divalent linking group, and Y2 and Y5 each independently represent an aromatic hydrocarbon ring or an aliphatic hydrocarbon ring.

US Pat. No. 10,338,459

LIGHT CONVERTER AND LIGHT SOURCE UNIT, AND PROJECTOR

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A light converter, comprising:a fluorescent body configured to receive excitation light,
wherein the fluorescent body includes:
a first surface;
a second surface opposite to the first surface; and
a side surface having a sloped shape extending from the first surface to the second surface;
a first light-collecting lens that comprises a first lens surface, wherein the first lens surface includes:
a first region which is in contact with the first surface of the fluorescent body; and
a second region which is a region of the first lens surface other than the first region, and
the first light-collecting lens is configured to direct the excitation light to the fluorescent body; and
a heat-dissipating member comprising:
a third region in contact with the second region of the first lens surface; and
a fourth region which is other than the third region which is in contact with the second region of the first lens surface and is in contact with the second surface of the fluorescent body and the side surface of the fluorescent body.

US Pat. No. 10,338,455

CAMERA AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLED DEW FORMATION INSIDE A CAMERA

Axis AB, Lund (SE)

1. A camera comprisingan at least partly transparent housing and an imaging device arranged inside the at least partly transparent housing,
wherein the imaging device is configured to capture images through the at least partly transparent housing;
the camera further comprising a casing at least partly enclosing the imaging device and arranged between the housing and the imaging device,
the casing defining at least one cavity forming an intermediate space being in fluid communication with an inner space present between the casing and the imaging device and an outer space present between the housing and the casing.

US Pat. No. 10,338,449

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display apparatus comprising:a substrate;
a pixel electrode above the substrate;
a first low reflection layer spaced apart from the pixel electrode at a same layer as the pixel electrode and comprising a lower layer having conductivity and an upper layer above the lower layer;
a pixel-defining layer above the first low reflection layer and having an opening exposing at least a part of the pixel electrode;
an intermediate layer above the pixel electrode and comprising an organic emission layer; and
an opposite electrode above the intermediate layer,
a low reflection etching layer between an edge of the pixel electrode and the pixel-defining layer.

US Pat. No. 10,338,444

ARRAY SUBSTRATE WITH CONDUCTIVE BLACK MATRIX, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display device comprising an array substrate, the array substrate comprising a base substrate, and a color filter layer, a common electrode and a black matrix disposed on the base substrate, wherein the black matrix is capable of conducting electricity, and the black matrix is electrically connected with the common electrode;wherein the display device further comprises an opposing substrate opposite to the array substrate, and the opposing substrate comprises a transparent substrate and a spacer located on a surface of the transparent substrate facing to the array substrate, wherein the spacer is configured to support the opposing substrate to retain a gap between the array substrate and the opposing substrate,
wherein the black matrix is closer to the base substrate than the common electrode, and the black matrix comprises a conductive sub-layer and a light absorbing sub-layer,
wherein the light absorbing sub-layer is closer to the base substrate than the conductive sub-layer, and an electricity conducting property of the light absorbing sub-layer is less than that of the conductive sub-layer, and
wherein a material of the conductive sub-layer comprises molybdenum, silver, aluminum-neodymium alloy or molybdenum-titanium alloy, and a material of the light absorbing sub-layer comprises molybdenum-tantalum alloy oxide, molybdenum-titanium alloy oxide, molybdenum-tantalum alloy nitride, or molybdenum-titanium alloy nitride.

US Pat. No. 10,338,441

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device comprising:a first polarizing element;
a second polarizing element; and
a display panel comprising a light-modulating layer located between the first polarizing element and the second polarizing element, wherein
each of the first polarizing element and the second polarizing element comprises a guest-host liquid crystal layer and a control electrode in an active area including at least one sub-area,
the guest-host liquid crystal layer includes dye having anisotropy in absorptive power for visible light,
the control electrode controls an alignment direction of the dye in the sub-area,
the display device has a display mode in which a first axis of the dye of the first polarizing element and a second axis of the dye of the second polarizing element intersect each other in a main surface of the display device, and a transmittance mode in which the first axis and the second axis are parallel to each other and intersect the main surface,
the display panel comprises a first pixel having a first retardation and a second pixel having a second retardation different from the first retardation,
in the display mode, a first transmittance of light transmitted through the first pixel is smaller than a second transmittance of light transmitted through the second pixel, and
in the transmittance mode, a third transmittance of light transmitted through the first pixel is higher than the second transmittance and equivalent to a fourth transmittance of light transmitted through the second pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,338,438

ARRAY SUBSTRATE HAVING PARTIALLY OXIDIZED SOURCE ELECTRODE, DRAIN ELECTRODE AND DATA LINE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An array substrate comprising:an underlay substrate;
a source electrode, a drain electrode and a data line arranged in the same layer on the underlay substrate;
a pixel electrode arranged in the same layer of the source electrode, the drain electrode and the data line;
an oxide film converted from a surface portion of the source electrode, the drain electrode and the data line by partially oxidizing the source electrode, the drain electrode and the data line with an annealing treatment;
a first via hole arranged over the drain electrode and penetrating through the oxide film;
a connecting portion electrically connecting the drain electrode with the pixel electrode through the first via hole;
a passivation layer extending over the drain electrode; the pixel electrode being arranged at a top of the passivation layer; and
a common electrode arranged at a bottom of the passivation layer and opposite to the pixel electrode; and
wherein patterns of the common electrode and the drain electrode do not overlap; the connecting portion and the pixel electrode are arranged in the same layer, and the first via hole also penetrates through the passivation layer.

US Pat. No. 10,338,426

LIGHT DIFFUSION MEMBER, BASE MATERIAL FOR LIGHT DIFFUSION MEMBER PRODUCTION, DISPLAY DEVICE USING SAME AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING LIGHT DIFFUSION MEMBER

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A light diffusion member comprising:a light diffusion film;
a polarizing film; and
a retardation film, wherein
the light diffusion film includes:
a first substrate which has optical transparency,
a light diffusion portion which is provided on a first surface of the first substrate, and
light shielding layers which are provided in a region of the first surface of the first substrate, other than a region in which the light diffusion portion is provided,
the light diffusion portion includes:
a light-emitting end surface which is in contact with the first substrate, and
a light incident end surface which faces the light-emitting end surface and has an area larger than an area of the light-emitting end surface,
a height from the light incident end surface to the light-emitting end surface is larger than a thickness of the light shielding layers,
each of the light shielding layers has a long axis and a short axis, and the long axis is in a first direction,
the polarizing film includes:
a second substrate which has optical transparency and is disposed on the light incident end surface side of the light diffusion portion, and
a polarization layer which has a transmission axis and an absorption axis which are provided on a first surface of the second substrate,
the transmission axis and the absorption axis of the polarization layer are orthogonal to each other, and the absorption axis is in the first direction,
the retardation film includes:
a third substrate which has optical transparency and is disposed on an opposite side of a side of the polarizing film, on which the light diffusion film is disposed, and
a retardation layer which is defined by a birefringence body which has optically-negative uniaxiality and is provided on the first surface of the third substrate, and in which an alignment direction of the birefringence body is different in a thickness direction, and
a slow axis of the retardation layer is positioned at azimuth between the transmission axis and the absorption axis of the polarization layer.

US Pat. No. 10,338,416

COUPLING-MODULATED OPTICAL RESONATOR

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A coupling-modulated optical resonator comprising:an optical resonator having a coupled portion; and
a bus waveguide comprising a modulation section that is separated from the coupled portion of the optical resonator by a gap wherein the modulation section and the coupled portion are adjacent and coplanar, the bus waveguide configured to form an input/output (I/O) port of the optical resonator and route an optical signal through the coupling-modulated optical resonator;
the modulation section comprising a pair of electrodes and a quantum well to modulate coupling of the optical signal between the coupled portion of the optical resonator and the modulation section of the bus waveguide by application of voltage across the quantum well using an anode and a cathode of the pair of electrodes to affect a change in a value of the variable modal index of the optical signal between the coupled portion of the optical resonator and the modulation section of the bus waveguide using free carrier plasma dispersion.

US Pat. No. 10,338,404

LENS MOVING APPARATUS

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A lens moving apparatus comprising:a housing comprising a first side portion, a second side portion, and a third side portion between the first side portion and the second side portion;
a bobbin disposed inside the housing and comprising a first side surface corresponding to the third side portion of the housing;
a first coil disposed on the bobbin;
a first magnet disposed on the third side portion of the housing;
a first position sensor disposed on the first side surface of the bobbin;
a second magnet comprising a first driving magnet disposed on the first side portion of the housing and a second driving magnet disposed on the second side portion of the housing;
a second coil disposed below the housing and comprising a first coil unit disposed under the first driving magnet and opposite to the first driving magnet in a first direction along an optical axis, and a second coil unit disposed under the second driving magnet and opposite to the second driving magnet in the first direction; and
an upper elastic member comprising an inner frame coupled to an upper surface of the bobbin, an outer frame coupled to an upper surface of the housing, and a frame connection portion connecting the inner frame to the outer frame;
wherein an upper surface of the first magnet is lower than the outer frame of the upper elastic member.

US Pat. No. 10,338,392

IDENTIFICATION OF AUGMENTED REALITY IMAGE DISPLAY POSITION

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

1. A head-mounted display (HMD) device comprising:an at least partially see-through display configured to display an augmented reality image representing a virtual object, the virtual object having at least a first portion, a second portion, and an associated script for animating the virtual object;
one or more location sensors from which the HMD device determines at least a location of the HMD device in a physical environment;
a communication unit configured to receive peer location data from at least one peer HMD device in the physical environment, wherein the peer location data indicates a peer field of view of the at least one peer HMD device, the peer field of view comprising a range within which augmented reality images may be presented; and
a processor configured to:
based at least on the received peer location data, identify a display position at which the virtual object is to be displayed and viewed in the physical environment by the HMD device and the at least one peer HMD device;
determine a shared focal point based on the display position, the location of the HMD device, and the peer location data;
determine a first orientation of the first portion of the virtual object at the display position based on the shared focal point and focal point information of the script, the first orientation being common to the HMD device and the at least one peer HMD device;
determine a second orientation of the second portion of the virtual object at the display position based on the focal point information and a device-specific focal point that corresponds to the location of the HMD device relative to the display position, the second orientation being specific to the location of the HMD device and differing from the at least one peer HMD device; and
display and animate the augmented reality image of the virtual object at the display position with the first portion at the first orientation and the second portion at the second orientation on the at least partially see-through display of the HMD device according to the script.

US Pat. No. 10,338,389

HEAD MOUNTED DISPLAY DEVICE FOR DISPLAYING IMAGE AND METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A head mounted display (HMD) device, comprising:a color information obtaining unit configured to obtain color information regarding a detachable lens arranged at a portion of the HMD device, wherein the color information includes information regarding an original color of the detachable lens; and
a control unit configured to output an image modified based on the color information via a display unit arranged at the HMD device;
wherein when the detachable lens is attached to the HMD device, the color information obtaining unit obtains identification information of the detachable lens and obtains the color information of the detachable lens based on the identification information of
the detachable lens, and
wherein the control unit is further configured to select content to be output via the display unit, and determine a recommended lens corresponding to the selected content.

US Pat. No. 10,338,388

LIGHT GUIDE UNIT, IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE, AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. An image display device, comprising:an image forming unit; and
a light guide unit, the light guide unit including:
a unitary light guide plate configured to guide light of an image formed in the image forming unit, wherein the unitary light guide plate has a thickness along a Z axis and a length along an X axis, and wherein the unitary light guide plate is configured to guide the light along the X axis;
a support member; and
one or more buffer members supporting the unitary light guide plate at, at least, a plurality of locations of the support member, wherein:
the unitary light guide plate has a first elastic modulus;
at least one buffer member of the one or more buffer members has a second elastic modulus selected to reduce image quality degradation caused by expansion or contraction of the unitary light guide plate, the second elastic modulus of the at least one buffer member being smaller than the first elastic modulus of the unitary light guide plate;
the unitary light guide plate is attached to the support member at a first location of the support member via the at least one buffer member; and
the unitary light guide plate is further attached to the support member at a second location of the support member via the at least one buffer member, the first and second locations being at opposite ends of the unitary light guide plate along the X axis.

US Pat. No. 10,338,381

IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS AND HEAD-UP DISPLAY SYSTEM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image display apparatus comprising:a light source;
an image forming element on which a plurality of micromirrors are arranged;
an illumination optical system for guiding light emitted from the light source to the image forming element; and
a projection optical system having a refractive optical system including a plurality of lenses sharing an optical axis and projecting an image formed by the image forming element onto a projected surface, wherein
the optical axis of the refractive optical system has an inclination of for more with respect to a perpendicular of a plane including an image forming surface of the image forming element,
the image projected on the projected surface is a trapezoidal shape that includes a first portion and a second portion, the first portion is parallel to she second portion and the second portion is longer than the first portion,
the illumination optical system includes a condenser lens and a field lens as a condensing optical system, the condenser lens is between the field lens and the light source,
focal points of the condensing optical system are closer to the field lens than to the image forming surface of the image forming element,
first rays of the light have a first focal point and interact with a first side of the image forming element,
second rays of the light have a second focal point and interact with a second side of the image forming element,
the first focal point is farther from the image forming element than the second focal point is from the image forming element, and
the first rays form the first portion of the trapezoidal shape and the second rays form the second portion of the trapezoidal shape.

US Pat. No. 10,338,375

ELECTROWETTING DISPLAY ELEMENT WITH RADIATION FILTER

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. An apparatus comprising:a light sensor configured to generate an input signal indicative of a characteristic of an input to the apparatus, wherein the characteristic is a characteristic of light detected by the light sensor;
an electrowetting display element comprising:
a radiation filter;
a first support plate;
a second support plate;
a first fluid; and
a second fluid immiscible with the first fluid, the first fluid and the second fluid located between the first support plate and the second support plate;
at least one processor; and
at least one memory comprising computer program instructions operable to, with the at least one processor:
receive the input signal from the light sensor;
determine, based on the input signal, that a predetermined condition for reduction of an exposure of the first fluid to incident light is satisfied; and, in response,
generate an output signal to control the electrowetting display element to configure the first fluid in a retracted configuration with the first fluid at least partly overlapped by the radiation filter and with both the first fluid and the second fluid in contact with a surface of the first support plate.

US Pat. No. 10,338,370

CLOCK SIGNAL GENERATORS AND SUBSTRATE INSPECTING APPARATUSES HAVING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A clock signal generator, comprising:an optic mirror configured to be rotated and including a first reflective surface, the optic mirror configured to be rotated to cause the first reflective surface to scan a reflected first light beam in a first direction, the reflected first light beam being a linear laser beam having a cross section extending in a second direction different from the first direction;
a light source configured to generate the first light beam and direct the first light beam to the optic mirror;
a grid plate including a plurality of grid arrays, the plurality of grid arrays including N grid arrays, N being a natural number, arranged in the second direction, each grid array of the plurality of grid arrays configured to selectively pass a portion of the reflected first light beam reflected from the optic mirror therethrough when the optic mirror scans the first light beam on the grid plate in the first direction, each grid array including a plurality of slits spaced apart from each other by a particular pitch (P), each grid array being offset in the first direction by (1/N)*pitch (P) with respect to an adjacent grid array of the plurality of grid arrays, wherein the plurality of grid arrays are offset from each other in the second direction such that the linear laser beam of the reflected first light beam is simultaneously incident on each grid array of the plurality of grid arrays when the first reflective surface scans the reflected first light beam on the grid plate in the first direction;
a light detector configured to generate detection signals based on detecting portions of the reflected first light beam passing through the plurality of grid arrays; and
a pixel clock generator configured to generate a clock signal based on the detection signals.

US Pat. No. 10,338,353

WAFER LEVEL CAMERA MODULE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A wafer level camera module, comprising:an image sensor including an imaging region formed on a top surface thereof;
a first support layer disposed on the image sensor and having a first opening;
a first zooming unit including:
a first piezoelectric thin film disposed on the first support layer and having a second opening;
a first deformable layer disposed on the first piezoelectric thin film to cover the second opening; and
a first lens attached to the first deformable layer and positioned to overlap the imaging region;
a second support layer disposed on the first deformable layer and having a third opening;
a second zooming unit including:
a second piezoelectric thin film disposed on the second support layer and having a fourth opening;
a second deformable layer disposed on the second piezoelectric thin film to cover the fourth opening; and
a second lens attached to the second deformable layer and positioned to overlap the imaging region;
a first conductive via penetrating through the first support layer and at least a portion of the image sensor, to be electrically connected to the first piezoelectric thin film; and
a second conductive via penetrating through the first support layer, the first piezoelectric thin film, the first deformable layer, the second support layer and at least a portion of the image sensor, to be electrically connected to the second piezoelectric thin film.

US Pat. No. 10,338,348

OPTICAL IMAGE CAPTURING LENS SYSTEM

LARGAN PRECISION CO., LTD...

1. An optical image capturing lens system comprising five lens elements, the five lens elements being, in order from an object side to an image side: a first lens element, a second lens element, a third lens element, a fourth lens element and a fifth lens element, and there is a gap between every two adjacent lens elements;wherein the first lens element has positive refractive power and an object-side surface being convex at a paraxial region thereof, the fourth lens element has negative refractive power and at least one of an object-side surface thereof and an image-side surface thereof being aspheric, the fifth lens element has an image-side surface being concave at paraxial region thereof and at least one inflection point formed on at least one of an object-side surface and the image-side surface of the fifth lens element, an absolute value of a focal length of the fourth lens element is smaller than an absolute value of a focal length of third lens element, and an absolute value of a curvature radius of an image-side surface of the fourth lens element is smaller than an absolute value of a curvature radius of an image-side surface of the fifth lens element; wherein the optical image capturing lens system has a total of five lens elements;
wherein an axial distance between the third lens element and the fourth lens element is T34 and an axial distance between the fourth lens element and the fifth lens element is T45, and they satisfy the following relation:
0

US Pat. No. 10,338,347

OPTICAL IMAGE CAPTURING SYSTEM

ABILITY OPTO-ELECTRONICS ...

1. An optical image capturing system, in order along an optical axis from an object side to an image side, comprising:a first lens having refractive power;
a second lens having refractive power;
a third lens having refractive power;
a fourth lens having refractive power;
a fifth lens having refractive power; and
an image plane;
wherein the optical image capturing system consists of the five lenses with refractive power, but do not include respective refractive powers for the first to the fifth lenses of ‘positive, negative, negative, negative and positive’, ‘positive, positive, negative, negative, negative’, ‘negative, positive, negative, negative, positive’ or ‘negative, positive, positive, negative, positive’; at least one lens among the first lens to the fifth lens has positive refractive power; each lens among the first lens to the fifth lens has an object-side surface, which faces the object side, and an image-side surface, which faces the image side; the image-side surface of the first lens has a first image-side bearing surface; the object-side surface of the second lens has a second object-side bearing surface, and the image-side surface of the second lens has a second image-side bearing surface, wherein the second object-side bearing surface and the first image-side bearing surface contact each other;
wherein the optical image capturing system satisfies:
1.0?f/HEP?10.0;
0 deg 0.5?SETP/STP<1;
where f1, f2 f3, f4, and f5 are focal lengths of the first lens to the fifth lens, respectively; f is a focal length of the optical image capturing system; HEP is an entrance pupil diameter of the optical image capturing system; HOI is a maximum height for image formation on the image plane; HOS is a distance between a point on the object-side surface of the first lens where the optical axis passes through and a point on the image plane where the optical axis passes through on the optical axis; InTL is a distance from the object-side surface of the first lens to the image-side surface of the fifth lens on the optical axis; HAF is a half of a maximum view angle of the optical image capturing system; ETP1, ETP2, ETP3, ETP4, and ETP5 are respectively a thickness at a height of ½ HEP of the first lens, the second lens, the third lens, the fourth lens, and the fifth lens, wherein the height of ½ HEP determines that a vertical distance from the optical axle is ½ HEP; ½ HEP is smaller than or equal to a maximum effective half diameter of any surface among the first lens to the fifth lens; SETP is a sum of the aforementioned ETP1 to ETP5; TP1, TP2, TP3, TP4, and TP5 are respectively a thickness of the first lens, the second lens, the third lens, the fourth lens, and the fifth lens on the optical axis; STP is a sum of the aforementioned TP1 to TP5.

US Pat. No. 10,338,338

LENS MODULE

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A lens module, comprising:a lens barrel;
a first lens group coupled to the lens barrel;
a second lens group coupled to the first lens group, while not being in contact with the lens barrel;
a third lens group in contact with the lens barrel and coupled to the second lens group; and
a distance maintenance member disposed between the second lens group and the third lens group and including an aperture, for adjusting an amount of light, formed in the distance maintenance member,
wherein one or more lens of the first lens group is disposed to have an upper surface and a side surface of a flange part in contact with an internal side surface of the lens barrel,
wherein the distance maintenance member comprises a first distance maintenance member disposed between the second lens group and the third lens group and including a first aperture, for adjusting the amount of light, formed in the first distance maintenance member; and a second distance maintenance member disposed between the second lens group and the third lens group and including a second aperture, for adjusting the amount of light, formed in the second distance maintenance member.

US Pat. No. 10,338,337

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DISPLAYING CRITICAL AERONAUTICAL INFORMATION ON AN UNCERTIFIED DISPLAY

HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL I...

1. A display system configured for displaying critical aeronautical information on an aircraft display that is not certified for displaying critical aeronautical information, the display system comprising:a mounting adapter configured to mount, in an aircraft cockpit, a personal electronic device (PED) having a PED display wherein the PED is not certified to display critical aeronautical information, the mounting adapter comprising a surface with an actuatable covering that is configured to be overlaid on the PED display, wherein the surface with an actuatable covering is optically active in the presence of an excitation source, and an actuation source configured to actuate the covering; and
an application server comprising one or more processors, the application server configured to execute one or more modules that generate critical aeronautical information, transmit the generated critical aeronautical information to the PED for display on the PED display, determine from an image of the PED display captured by an imaging device whether a problem exists with the image displayed on the PED display, and enable the actuation source to cause the covering to annunciate a message indicating that a problem exists with the image displayed on the PED display.

US Pat. No. 10,338,336

FIBER OPTIC CABLE FOR INHIBITING BREACHING FLUID FLOW

WEATHERFORD TECHNOLOGY HO...

1. An optical cable suitable for downhole use, comprising:one or more optical fibers;
an inner tube surrounding the one or more optical fibers;
an outer tube surrounding the inner tube, wherein one or more of the inner tube and the outer tube comprise a metallic material; and
one or more polymer sealing features disposed in an annulus between the outer tube and the inner tube and bonded to at least one of the inner tube or the outer tube to prevent fluid flow in the annulus along at least a portion of a length of the optical cable.

US Pat. No. 10,338,335

MID-SPAN CLAMP FOR AERIAL FIBER OPTICAL CABLE SYSTEM

1. A mid-span optical fiber cable support system comprising:a main span cable comprising at least one optical fiber and having a preferential bend characteristic such that the main span cable defines a preferential bend axis, the main span cable supported at two separated supports along a length of the main span cable;
a drop cable comprising at least one optical fiber, the drop cable having a first section extending along a portion of the length of the main span cable and a second portion extending away from the main span cable at a position between the two separated supports; and
a mid-span clamp system engaging the main span cable comprising:
a main span cable clamp engaging the main span cable; and
a drop cable clamp engaging the drop cable and supported from the main span cable such that the second portion of the drop cable extends away from the main span cable such that a drop cable load applied at the drop cable clamp is substantially perpendicular to the preferential bend axis of the main span cable.

US Pat. No. 10,338,334

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DIRECT CABLE EXPANSION

CenturyLink Intellectual ...

1. A system comprising:a pump, coupled to a reservoir holding a fluid, configured to pump the fluid; and
a probe, in fluid communication with the pump, configured to introduce the fluid into a cable such that a channel is created, by the fluid, between an outer sheath of the cable and a core of the cable;
a coupler configured to attach to the cable at a first end, receive the probe, and position the probe at an interface between the outer sheath and an inner material of the cable adjacent to the outer sheath.

US Pat. No. 10,338,332

OPTICAL FIBER BUNDLE

Corning Optical Communica...

1. An optical communication cable comprising:a plurality of optical fiber subunits, each subunit comprising an optical fiber ribbon; and
a bundle jacket surrounding the optical fiber subunit, the bundle jacket including an inner surface defining a bundle passage and an outer surface defining an exterior surface, wherein the bundle jacket applies a low, inward, radially-directed force onto the subunits sufficient to hold subunits as a cohesive bundle of subunits but not sufficient to hold the subunits in fixed positions relative to each other within the bundle jacket;
wherein the bundle jacket has a thickness between 0.05 mm and 0.35 mm and a tensile strength that is less than 2000 psi, and
wherein the bundle jacket is formed from an extrudable PVC material having an oxygen limiting index of less than 40%.

US Pat. No. 10,338,331

FIBER OPTIC RIBBON CABLE HAVING ENHANCED RIBBON STACK COUPLING AND METHODS THEREOF

Corning Optical Communica...

1. A method of manufacturing a fiber optic cable, the method comprising:arranging a plurality of optical waveguides in a ribbon stack; and
surrounding the ribbon stack with a dry insert, the dry insert comprising a layer of foam material; and
extruding a jacket around the dry insert, wherein corners of the ribbon stack interface with the dry insert to define a coupling extending longitudinally between the ribbon stack and the jacket.

US Pat. No. 10,338,330

OPTICAL TRANSCEIVER AND OPTICAL TRANSCEIVER INSERTION/EJECTION MECHANISM

SUMITOMO ELECTRIC DEVICE ...

1. An optical transceiver which is inserted and ejected with respect to a cage in a first direction, the optical transceiver comprising:a case that has a second engagement portion engaging with a first engagement portion provided in the cage to prevent the optical transceiver from being ejected from the cage;
a slider that is attached to the case and relatively moves relative to the case in the first direction with respect to the case, the slider having a concave portion; and
a pusher that is oscillatably supported by the case via an oscillation shaft extending in a second direction intersecting the first direction and disengages the first engagement portion and the second engagement portion from each other by pushing the first engagement portion in a third direction intersecting the first direction and the second direction while being interlocked with a movement of the slider, the pusher having a convex portion,
wherein the oscillation shaft is positioned in an ejecting direction with respect to an interlocking part of the slider and the pusher, and
wherein the concave portion of the slider houses the convex portion of the pusher when the second engagement portion engages with the first engagement portion.

US Pat. No. 10,338,329

ARRANGEMENT FOR CONNECTING PHOTONIC AND ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. An apparatus comprising:a first planar substrate having one or more photonic devices located along a major surface thereof and a plurality of first electrical transmission lines thereon, each of the one or more photonic devices comprising a respective surface aperture, some of the first electrical transmission lines being connected to an electrical interface, the electrical interface at least partially being on the major surface of the first planar substrate;
a second planar substrate having an optical waveguide circuit thereon and having an edge adjacent the one or more photonic devices to enable the optical waveguide circuit to communicate light between the edge and the one or more respective surface apertures of the one or more photonic devices without causing the communicated light to pass through another optical element therebetween; and
a third planar substrate having a plurality of second electrical transmission lines thereon, some of the second electrical transmission lines being connected to the electrical interface such that said some of the second electrical transmission lines are able to communicate electrical signals with said some of the first electrical transmission lines; and
wherein the second and third planar substrates are substantially orthogonal to the major surface of the first planar substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,338,328

RUGGEDIZED PHOTONIC CRYSTAL SENSOR PACKAGING

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method for hermetically sealing a sensor chip, the method comprising:coating the sensor chip, wherein the sensor chip is a photonic crystal (PC) sensor chip;
centering the sensor chip to a center axis of an end of a ceramic tube;
soldering the sensor chip to the end of the ceramic tube to form a sensor chip assembly;
assembling a ceramic ferrule with a fiber;
inserting the ceramic ferrule inside the ceramic tube of the sensor chip assembly;
aligning an end of the fiber to the sensor chip of the sensor chip assembly; and
soldering at least a portion of an outer surface of the ceramic ferrule to at least a portion of an inner surface of the ceramic tube of the sensor chip assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,338,327

DEVICE FOR INCOUPLING AND/OR OUTCOUPLING OPTICAL SIGNALS

Silicon Line GmbH, Munic...

1. A device for coupling optical signals into at least one waveguide, wherein the device comprises at least one electro-optical converter which sends out the optical signals in the direction of an axis or a core of the waveguide,wherein the electro-optical converter is incorporated in at least one send-site optical subassembly,
wherein the send-site optical subassembly comprises at least one guiding channel for aligning the waveguide with respect to the electro-optical converter,
wherein at least one extension has the same diameter as the guiding channel and is assigned to the send-site optical subassembly, said extension being provided for aligning the waveguide with respect to the guiding channel,
wherein the extension is arranged in front of the end of the guiding channel in such way that a stepless transition into the guiding channel is defined, said end being averted from the converter,
wherein at least one air outlet is provided along an entire length of the guiding channel,
wherein trapped or compressed air can be vented via said air outlet when the waveguide is inserted in the guiding channel, and
wherein the air outlet is provided only in the area of the guiding channel which does not encounter the extension.

US Pat. No. 10,338,326

MULTI-CHANNEL OPTICAL SUBASSEMBLY STRUCTURE COMPRISING AN ALIGNMENT JIG AND METHOD OF PACKAGING THE STRUCTURE

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A multi-channel optical subassembly structure based on a transistor outline (TO) metal-can package, the multi-channel optical subassembly structure comprising:a module assembly mounted on a module housing of the multi-channel optical subassembly structure and having a plurality of lead pins arranged on a TO-stem;
a thermoelectric element arranged on an upper surface of the TO-stem with respect to a position between the lead pins and having one electrode pad and the other electrode pad formed on an upper surface thereof;
a plurality of submounts having a plurality of light source photodetector chips which are multi-channel light sources and photocouplers of the multi-channel optical subassembly structure each mounted by an upper electrode pad thereof, respectively, and arranged on the upper surface of the thermoelectric element so as not to be in contact with the one electrode pad and the other electrode pad; and
an alignment jig configured to electrically connect the upper electrode pad of each of the submounts to the one electrode pad or the other electrode pad of the thermoelectric element so that fine alignment is performed while power is applied to the light source photodetector chips.

US Pat. No. 10,338,325

NANOFILLER IN AN OPTICAL INTERFACE

International Business Ma...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a body comprising one or more grooves defined therein, at least one groove in the one or more grooves configured to receive a corresponding optical fiber of one or more optical fibers; the at least one groove of the one or more grooves further configured to receive an adhesive to attach the body to a portion of the corresponding optical fiber; and
a suspended structure associated with the at least one groove configured to couple light between the suspended structure and the corresponding optical fiber; and
wherein the adhesive comprises nanofiller configured to support an alignment of the suspended structure with the corresponding optical fiber within the at least one groove, wherein the nanofiller has a size and distance that are less than a wavelength of light that propagates through the corresponding optical fiber.

US Pat. No. 10,338,324

OPTICAL CONNECTOR

FUJIKURA LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. An optical connector comprising:an inner housing that houses a ferrule;
an outer housing that detachably houses the inner housing in connector insertion and removal directions;
a mounting member that movably attaches the inner housing to a board in a direction perpendicular to the connector insertion and removal directions; and
a first elastic member arranged between the mounting member and the outer housing,
wherein the inner housing is held in the mounting member via the first elastic member, with a space maintained between a peripheral surface of the outer housing and the mounting member.

US Pat. No. 10,338,323

HARDENED FIBER OPTIC CONNECTOR

COMMSCOPE TECHNOLOGIES LL...

1. A fiber optic connector for optically coupling to a mating fiber optic connector through a fiber optic adapter, the fiber optic connector comprising:a connector housing extending from a distal end to a proximal end;
a ferrule assembly mounted to the connector housing adjacent the proximal end, the ferrule assembly including a ferrule, a distal end of the ferrule extending distally beyond the distal end of the connector housing;
a sealing member mounted directly around an exterior of the connector housing and adapted for providing a seal between the connector housing and the fiber optic adapter when the fiber optic connector is plugged into a port of the fiber optic adapter, the sealing member having a diameter less than or equal to 15 millimeters; and
a fastener configured to retain the fiber optic connector within the fiber optic adapter.

US Pat. No. 10,338,322

CLEANING TOOL

FUJIKURA LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A cleaning tool comprising:a tool body; and
an insertion part projecting from the tool body, wherein
the insertion part is movable in a predetermined direction with respect to the tool body,
the insertion part includes a head unit,
the head unit presses a cleaning element against a cleaning target with a pressing surface,
by relatively moving the tool body and the insertion part, the cleaning element is supplied and recovered, and the head unit is rotated in a rotation direction with the predetermined direction as an axis,
the head unit includes a head member, a tubular member, and a base member comprising a leading end part that extends toward the head member,
the head member includes the pressing surface and is configured of a different member separate from the base member,
the head member is inserted into the tubular member with the pressing surface in a projected state,
the head member is inserted into a first end of the tubular member distal to the tool body and the leading end part is inserted into a second end of the tubular member opposite the first end,
the cleaning element is stretched around the pressing surface, and
when viewing the pressing surface from the predetermined direction, the cleaning element is disposed in a clearance between an outer surface of the head member and an inner peripheral surface of the tubular member on a supply side, and the cleaning element is disposed in a clearance between an outer surface of the head member and an inner peripheral surface of the tubular member on a recovery side.

US Pat. No. 10,338,316

POLARIZATION DISPERSION ADDER AND OPTICAL RECEIVER

NEC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A polarization dispersion adder comprising:a polarization rotator for continuously changing an angle of a polarization plane of a pulse for each pulse of signal light generated by modulating an optical carrier during a period from a rise start time T0 of the pulse to a fall completion time T1 of the pulse and outputting the pulse; and
a delay adder for adding an amount of delay corresponding to a change amount of the polarization plane added by the polarization rotator to the pulse outputted from the polarization rotator.

US Pat. No. 10,338,314

OPTICAL FIBER CUTTING APPARATUS

SEI OPTIFRONTIER CO., LTD...

1. An optical fiber cutting apparatus comprising:a body portion on which an optical fiber is mounted;
a cover member that is rotatably connected to the body portion and fixes the optical fiber between the body portion and the cover member by rotating toward the body portion;
a blade member configured to form a flaw on a glass fiber portion of the optical fiber which is fixed; and
a holding member mounted on the body portion, the holding member configured to hold the blade member,
wherein the cover member includes a lever pressing portion that protrudes toward a body portion side in a state where the cover member is rotated toward the body portion, wherein the holding member includes a rotation lever that is pressed by the lever pressing portion when the cover member is rotated toward the body portion, and wherein the lever pressing portion presses the rotation lever and thereby the blade member imparts an arc movement to form the flaw on the glass fiber portion.

US Pat. No. 10,338,313

ON-CHIP BROADBAND LIGHT SOURCE

UNIVERSITEIT GENT, Ghent...

1. An on-chip broadband radiation source comprising:at least one optical waveguide comprising a core and a cladding material,
a III-V membrane, a LED structure being implemented thereon, the III-V membrane having a thickness between ?/20*n1 and ?/2*n1, where ? is the operating wavelength and n1 the refractive index of the III-V membrane material, the III-V membrane being positioned on top of the optical waveguide, and there being a refractive index contrast such that n1?n0>1, with n1 being the refractive index of the III-V membrane material, n0 the refractive index of the cladding material surrounding the III-V membrane at least in a direction perpendicular to the membrane,
wherein the at least one optical waveguide or the III-V membrane comprises a coupling means for transferring an optical pump signal from the optical waveguide up to the III-V membrane, and
wherein the III-V membrane has an absorption capability for absorbing the optical pump signal transferred up to the III-V membrane so as to pump the LED structure thus inducing broadband radiation at a wavelength longer than the wavelength of the optical pump signal, and the emitted signal is coupled back into the waveguide.

US Pat. No. 10,338,312

PHOTONIC CRYSTAL ALL-OPTICAL SELF-AND-TRANSFORMATION LOGIC GATE

1. A Photonic Crystal (PhC) all-optical self-AND-transformation logic gate, comprising:a PhC-structure unit, a NOT-logic gate and a D-type flip-flop (DFF) unit; a clock-signal (CP) of the PhC-structure unit is input through an input port of a two-branch waveguide, and an output port of the two-branch waveguide is connected with an input port of the NOT-logic gate, and another output port of the two-branch waveguide is connected with a first clock-signal-input port of the PhC-structure unit; an input signal at the first clock-signal-input port of the PhC-structure unit is synchronous with the clock-signal (CP); an output port of said NOT-logic gate is connected with a second clock-signal-input port of the DFF unit; a signal-output port of the PhC-structure unit is connected with a D-signal-input port of the DFF unit; a logic-signal (X) is connected with a logic-signal-input port of said PhC-structure unit:
the PhC-structure unit takes the clock-signal (CP) and the logic signal (X) as input signals; under the control of the clock-signal (CP), the clock-signal (CP) is equal to one at a time, a logic-input signal (X) is X(n), the signal-output port of the PhC-structure unit is X(n); the clock-signal (CP) is equal to zero at a time being a clock cycle after the previous time, a logic-input signal (X) is X(n+1), and a system-output port equals AND-logic operation on the logic-input signal X(n+1) and the logic-input signal X(n) at the previous moment in a clock cycle; and
the self-AND-transformation logic function of logic-signals is achieved.

US Pat. No. 10,338,307

LUMINAIRE HAVING LIGHT PIPE ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF ASSEMBLY

KENALL MANUFACTURING COMP...

1. A luminaire comprising:a housing;
a first lens covering an opening formed in the housing;
a light source disposed in the housing and configured to emit artificial light in a forward direction toward the first lens; and
a light pipe assembly spanning at least a portion of a distance between the first lens and the light source, the light pipe assembly being configured to transport ambient light rays present in an environment outside of the housing to a location within the housing isolated from the artificial light.

US Pat. No. 10,338,305

LUMINAIRE WITH INTEGRATED LIGHTGUIDE

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A luminaire comprising:an array of light emitting diodes mounted to a rigid substrate to emit light away from the rigid substrate;
a cover that extends over the rigid substrate and that comprises an elongate aperture and a cover protrusion extending toward the rigid substrate, and
a lightguide extending through the elongate aperture, the lightguide comprising:
a first edge that extends lengthwise along the array of light emitting diodes to receive light from the array of light emitting diodes;
a second edge disposed opposite the first edge to emit the received light;
third and fourth edges that extend between the first and second edges, the third and fourth edges each comprising a lightguide protrusion that is retained against the rigid substrate by the cover protrusion; and
first and second major surfaces that are operative to guide light between the first edge and the second edge via internal reflection, that extend a first length between the first edge and the second edge, and that extend a second length between the third edge and the fourth edge, the second length substantially greater than the first length.

US Pat. No. 10,338,304

BACKLIGHT MODULE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC., ...

1. A wavelength multiplexed stereoscopic display, comprising:two light guide plates, each of the light guide plates having an incident surface and a light-output surface, wherein the light guide plates are arranged side-by-side to make the light-output surfaces be coplanar;
two light-emitting modules, each of the light-emitting modules being configured to provide a first kind of light and a second kind of light to the incident surface of a corresponding one of the light guide plates, wherein the first kind of light has a first triplet, and the second kind of light has a second triplet different from the first triplet; and
a controller configured to asynchronously drive any of the light-emitting modules to alternately provide the first kind of light and the second kind of light;
wherein each of the light-emitting modules further comprise:
a first light emitter;
a second light emitter;
a first filter having a first light reflection spectrum;
a second filter having a second reflection spectrum; and
a light guide assembly configured to respectively guide lights emitted by the first light emitter and the second light emitter to the first filter and the second filter, so as to respectively obtain the first kind of light and the second kind of light, the light guide assembly being further configured to guide the first kind of light and the second kind of light to the incident surface of the corresponding one of the light guide plates;
wherein the light guide assembly further comprises:
a first total reflection prism having a first surface, a second surface, and a third surface sequentially connected; and
a second total reflection prism having a fourth surface, a fifth surface, and a sixth surface sequentially connected, wherein the first surface and the fourth surface face away from each other, the second surface and the fifth surface face away from each other, and the third surface and the sixth surface face away from each other,
wherein the first light emitter and the second light emitter emit the lights toward the first surface, and the first filter and the second filter are respectively disposed at the fourth surface and the second surface;
a light guide element optically coupled between the fifth surface and the incident surface of the corresponding one of the light guide plates, wherein the light guide element is aligned with the incident surface of the corresponding one of the light guide plates, and is aligned with the fifth surface in a direction parallel to the incident surface of the corresponding one of the light guide plates;
an assembly axis,
wherein the two light emitting modules and the two light guide plates each have at least one surface perpendicular to the assembly axis.

US Pat. No. 10,338,303

SEGMENTED BACKLIGHT FOR DYNAMIC CONTRAST

zSpace, Inc., Sunnyvale,...

1. A segmented backlight, comprising:a plurality of segments, each segment of the plurality of segments comprising a plurality of notches, where each notch of the plurality of notches is configured as a light barrier that reduces light leakage to non-adjacent segments; and
a plurality of sets of light emitting diodes (LEDs) configured to illuminate the segmented backlight, wherein each set of LEDs of the plurality of sets of LEDs illuminates a corresponding segment of the plurality of segments.

US Pat. No. 10,338,302

LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A light source device comprising:a light source; and
a light guide plate,
wherein the light guide plate includes an incident surface on which light emitted from the light source is incident, an emission surface emitting light incident from the incident surface, and a propagating reflection surface which is a surface opposite to the emission surface and which propagates and reflects the light incident from the incident surface toward the emission surface,
the propagating reflection surface has V-shaped grooves and the V-shaped grooves are formed by repetition of two kinds of cross-sectional shapes,
the two kinds of V-shaped grooves have first grooves and second grooves alternately aligned from the incident surface,
angles made by the first groove and the propagating reflection surface are ?, ? and angles made by the second groove and the propagating reflection surface are ?, ?, the ? is in a range from 42 degrees to 60 degrees and the ? is in a range from 60 degrees to 72 degrees, and
the ? is in a range from 42 degrees to 60 degrees and the ? is in a range from 60 degrees to 72 degrees.

US Pat. No. 10,338,300

BACKLIGHT ASSEMBLY INCLUDING OPTICAL MEMBER GUIDING LIGHT AND CONVERTING WAVELENGTH OF LIGHT AND DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device, comprising:a back light assembly which generates light; and
a display panel which is disposed on the back light assembly and receives the light generated from the back light assembly to display an image,
wherein the back light assembly comprises:
a light guide member which guides the light to the display panel, the light guide member comprising a light incident surface through which the light is incident to the light guide member;
a light source which is adjacent to the light incident surface of light guide member along a first direction and emits the light to the light guide member; and
an optical member which is between the light guide member and the display panel and adjusts a path of the light emitted from the light guide member, wherein the optical member comprises:
a first base film which defines a light incident surface of the optical member through which the light is incident to the optical member from the light guide member;
a second base film which faces the first base film and is closer to the display panel than the first base film;
an optical pattern which is provided in plural spaced apart from each other;
a reflecting layer which is disposed on the optical patterns and reflects light incident to the optical member; and
a wavelength conversion pattern which is provided in plural alternately disposed with the optical patterns, wherein the wavelength conversion pattern converts a source wavelength of the light emitted from the light source,
wherein the light incident surface of the optical member having the optical patterns, the reflecting layer and the wavelength conversion patterns is adjacent to the light guide member along a second direction orthogonal to the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,338,298

BACKLIGHT UNIT AND DISPLAY DEVICE COMPRISING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A backlight unit comprising:a first light source configured to provide first light for a three-dimensional (3D) display;
a second light source configured to provide second light for a two-dimensional (2D) display; and
a light guide plate comprising:
a first output pattern formed on an upper surface of the light guide plate and configured to direct a first portion of the first light provided by the first light source to exit through the upper surface of the light guide plate towards a display panel; and
a second output pattern formed on a lower surface of the light guide plate and configured to direct a first portion of the second light provided by second light source to exit through the lower surface of the light guide plate.

US Pat. No. 10,338,297

LIGHTING DEVICE USING LINE SHAPED BEAM

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A lighting device, comprising:a light source portion having at least one light source; and
a light guide portion having a larger thickness than a height of a light emitting surface of the at least one light source and irradiated by an incident beam of the at least one light source from a side, the light guide portion having a first surface and a second surface opposite the first surface,
wherein the first surface of the light guide portion includes a three-dimensional effect forming portion at which a three-dimensional light effect is formed,
wherein a flat reflective portion provided to face the second surface of the light guide portion,
wherein the three-dimensional effect forming portion includes multiple patterns sequentially arranged in a first direction and having respective inclined surfaces with inclination angles with respect to the first surface, wherein each of the multiple patterns extends parallel in a line in a second direction vertical to the first direction,
wherein the multiple patterns guide light passing along the light guide portion into a first surface direction toward which the first surface faces by using refraction and reflection from the inclined surfaces,
wherein the first surface of the light guide portion is a light exiting surface and the second surface of the light guide portion is flat,
wherein a spaced portion is provided as air gaps between the flat reflective portion and the second surface of the light guide portion,
wherein each of the multiple patterns include a plurality of recesses, a vertical cross-section of each recess having five sides with different angles of inclination, and
wherein one side of the five sides includes an interrupted surface configured to block light from being emitted through at least one of reflection or refraction.

US Pat. No. 10,338,296

DISPLAY APPARATUS

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a light guide plate that propagates light which is incident from an end surface of the light guide plate, that reflects light using prisms provided on a reflection surface of the light guide plate, and that emits light from an emission surface of the light guide plate, the emission surface faces the reflection surface;
a light source that causes light to be incident on the end surface of the light guide plate;
a hiding plate that is provided on a side of the emission surface of the light guide plate, and that includes a light transmission part which transmits light emitted from the emission surface and a light shielding part which has lower light transmittance than the light transmission part;
a colored board that has light reflectance closer to light reflectance of the light shielding part than light reflectance of the light transmission part in each wavelength, and that is provided on a side of the reflection surface of the light guide plate so as to overlap the light transmission part of the hiding plate when viewed from a direction perpendicular to the emission surface of the light guide plate; and
a second light source that is provided to interpose the colored board between the second light source and the light guide plate,
wherein when viewed from a direction perpendicular to the emission surface of the light guide plate, an edge part of the colored board overlaps the light shielding part, and the colored board overlaps a whole area of the light transmission part,
wherein a plurality of the light sources are provided at a plurality of places such that light is incident on a plurality of end surfaces of the light guide plate and different pieces of information are respectively displayed on the end surfaces into which light is incident, and
wherein the colored board is provided with a light transmitting area that has higher light transmittance than light transmittance of another area.

US Pat. No. 10,338,295

BACKLIGHT MODULE FOR CURVED LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND CURVED LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A backlight module for curved liquid crystal display device, comprising:a backplate;
a light guide plate and a backlight source that are arranged in the backplate; and
quantum tubes that are arranged between the light guide plate and the backlight source, wherein a fold line which matches a curved surface of the curved liquid crystal display device is formed by the quantum tubes; and
wherein two adjacent quantum tubes are overlapped with each other partly.

US Pat. No. 10,338,293

BACKLIGHT SOURCE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A backlight source, comprising:a light-guide plate;
a diffuser arranged at a light-exiting side of the light-guide plate; and
a light bar arranged at a light-entering side of the light-guide plate,
wherein the light bar comprises a light-emitting diode (LED) lamp and a flexible circuit board connected to the LED lamp,
the flexible circuit board comprises a base material, a first solder mask and a second solder mask, the first solder mask and the second solder mask are arranged at two surfaces of the base material opposite to each other respectively,
the first solder mask is arranged at a surface of the base material adjacent to the light-guide plate, the second solder mask is arranged at a surface of the base material away from the light-guide plate, and the first solder mask is connected to the LED lamp,
the base material comprises, at the surface where the second solder mask is arranged, a first region where the second solder mask is arranged and a second region where the second solder mask is not arranged, and the second region is located at a side of the base material adjacent to the light-guide plate,
the diffuser comprises, at an end adjacent to the light bar, a connection member partially or completely covering the second region,
the light-guide plate comprises a flared structure at an end adjacent to the light bar,
the flared structure has an oblique surface at the light-exiting side of the light-guide plate, and
the flexible circuit board and the first solder mask extend to overlap the oblique surface of the light-guide plate.

US Pat. No. 10,338,289

OPTICAL MEMBER AND IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING OPTICAL MEMBER

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. An optical member comprising:a substrate; and
a dot that is in contact with a surface of the substrate,
wherein the dot is formed of a liquid crystal material having a cholesteric structure,
four or more dots form one recognition effective region as an aggregate, and
a shortest inter-end distance between one arbitrary dot and at least two other dots in the recognition effective region is 10 ?m or less,
wherein a plurality of recognition effective regions are provided in a pattern shape on the surface of the substrate, and
wherein a ratio of a dot diameter to a distance between the plurality of recognition effective regions is 1:5 to 1:50.

US Pat. No. 10,338,288

REFLECTION MEMBER, PROJECTION SCREEN, COMBINER, AND HEAT SHIELD MEMBER

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A reflection member comprising:two or more layers of fixed cholesteric liquid crystal phases,
wherein the two or more layers of fixed cholesteric liquid crystal phases exhibit central wavelengths of mutually different selective reflection,
the two or more layers of fixed cholesteric liquid crystal phases include a layer formed of a composition including a disc-like liquid crystal compound and a layer formed of a composition including a rod-like liquid crystal compound, and
the difference in the absolute value of Rth at a wavelength of 550 nm between the layer formed of a composition including a disc-like liquid crystal compound and the layer formed of a composition including a rod-like liquid crystal compound is 100 nm or smaller.

US Pat. No. 10,338,282

INCREASED ACCURACY CORNER CUBE ARRAYS FOR HIGH RESOLUTION RETRO-REFLECTIVE IMAGING APPLICATIONS

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

1. A display system comprising:one or more light sources; and
a beam splitter configured to partially reflect source light from the one or more light sources to a retro-reflective array, the retro-reflective array comprising:
a reflective surface formed by one or more corner cube arrays (CCAs),
a reflective surface covering facets of a plurality of corner cube structures of the one or more corner cube arrays (CCAs),
wherein the reflective surface covering facets of the plurality of corner cube structures comprises a reflective coating applied over a replicated retro-reflective array and the facets of the plurality of corner cube structures rendered reflective through total internal reflection (TIR), and
wherein the retro-reflective array is configured to reflect at least a portion of the source light such that the portion of the source light is transmitted through the beam splitter.

US Pat. No. 10,338,281

LIGHTING DEVICE FOR GESTURE RECOGNITION APPARATUS

Jabil Optics Germany GmbH...

1. A lighting device for detecting three-dimensional structures, in particular for a gesture recognition apparatus, for scanning an object with illumination light (L), the lighting device comprising:a tiltably supported reflective element;
a first optical component for illuminating the reflective element with the illumination light (L); and
a prism, the prism comprising:
an entry surface facing the first optical component along an illumination light path (P);
a base surface facing the reflective element along the illumination light path (P), and
an exit surface facing away from the first optical component and the reflective element along the illumination light path (P),
wherein the entry surface is arranged tilted with respect to a portion (P1) of the illumination light path striking the entry surface such that the illumination light (L) enters the prism through the entry surface,
wherein the prism is arranged along the illumination light path (P), along which the illumination light (L) extends from the first optical component to the reflective element, between the first optical component and the reflective element, and
wherein the prism is configured such that the illumination light (L) passes through the prism twice on its way to the reflective element and from the reflective element.

US Pat. No. 10,338,280

VARIFOCAL LENS MODULE

1. A varifocal lens module comprising:a lens formed of a flexible and transparent material and having a focal length varying according to a variable shape thereof;
a driving part deformed in response to an electric signal; and
a structural body configured to connect the lens and the driving part,
wherein the structural body is moved by deformation of the driving part,
wherein the variable shape of the lens is changed by the movement of the structural body,
wherein the driving part comprises:
a material layer;
an upper electrode provided on a top surface of the material layer; and
a lower electrode provided on a bottom surface of the material layer,
wherein the electric signal is applied to the upper and lower electrodes, and
wherein the material layer is expanded when the electric signal is applied to the upper and lower electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,338,279

LENS ARRAY HAVING LENSES ARRANGED IN ROWS, LENS UNIT, EXPOSURE DEVICE, LED HEAD, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Oki Data Corporation, To...

1. A lens unit comprising:a first lens array forming a reduced inverted image of a light emitting portion disposed on an incident side of the first lens array, and
a second lens array forming a magnified inverted image of the reduced inverted image,
the first lens array comprising:
a plurality of first lenses arranged in at least two rows parallel with each other, the plurality of first lenses being arranged in a first direction in each row, each of the plurality of first lenses allowing light to pass in a second direction,
wherein an arrangement center is defined at a center position between the two rows in a third direction perpendicular to both of the first direction and the second direction,
wherein each of the plurality of first lenses includes a first incident surface and a first emission surface,
wherein a surface apex of the first emission surface is displaced with respect to a surface apex of the first incident surface in a direction away from the arrangement center in the third direction,
the second lens array comprising:
a plurality of second lenses arranged in at least two rows parallel with each other, the plurality of second lenses being arranged in the first direction in each row, each of the plurality of second lenses allowing light to pass in the second direction,
wherein each of the plurality of second lenses includes a second incident surface and a second emission surface,
wherein a surface apex of the second incident surface is displaced with respect to a surface apex of the second emission surface in a direction away from the arrangement center in the third direction.

US Pat. No. 10,338,278

ANTI-FOG COATING

Carl Zeiss Vision Interna...

1. An optical component comprising a crosslinked anti-fog coating produced by covalent attachment of a silane derivative of the formula (2) to the surface of the optical component and crosslinking of adjacent molecules:RoXmSiBn  (2)wherein:m=1 to 3,
n=1 or 2, and
o=0 or 1,
with the proviso that m+n+o=4;
the radical X is selected from a halogen or C1-4 alkoxy, and for m=2 or 3 the individual radicals X are identical or different,
the radical R is C1-4-alkyl,
the radical B has the structure -B1-B2, in which -B2 is a terminal hydrophilic group which is crosslinked to at least one hydrophilic group of an adjacent molecule of the anti-fog coat, and -B1- represents either a spacer group, which joins the hydrophilic group B2 to the Si atom, or a covalent bond,
the terminal hydrophilic group -B2 is poly(meth)acrylate, and for n=2 the individual radicals B are identical or different, and
the anti-fog coating has a coat thickness of 100 nm or less.

US Pat. No. 10,338,277

POLARIZING PLATE PROTECTIVE FILM, POLARIZING PLATE, AND DISPLAY

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A polarizing plate protective film containing a compound represented by any one of formulae (II-1) to (II-5):
wherein, in formula (II-1) or (II-5), X represents a group represented by any of formula (I-A-1) or (I-A-2); in formulae (II-2) to (II-4), X represents a group represented by formula (I-A-1); and wherein, in formula (II-1) to (II-5), n represents an integer of 2 or more; when n is 2, Z2 represents a divalent linking group; when n is 3 or more, Z2 represents an n-valent chain hydrocarbon group; when n is 2, Z3 represents a divalent alkylene group; when n is 3 or more, Z3 represents an n-valent chain hydrocarbon group; however, the case where Z3 has a ring structure is excluded; R1 to R5 each independently represent a substituent; n1 and n2 each independently represent an integer of 2 to 6; n3 and n4 each independently represent an integer of 1 to 5; m1, m3, and m4 each independently represent an integer of 0 to 4; m2 represents an integer of 0 to 10,

wherein, in formulae (I-A-1) and (I-A-2), RAC1 and RAC2 each independently represent an alkyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an aryl group, or an acyl group; however, the case where RAC1 and RAC2 bond to each other to form a ring is excluded; RAC3 to RAC6 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an aryl group, an acyl group, an alkoxy group, or an alkoxycarbonyl group; at least two of RAC3 to RAC6 may bond to each other, to form a ring.

US Pat. No. 10,338,276

ANTIREFLECTIVE FILM, POLARIZING PLATE, COVER GLASS, IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ANTIREFLECTIVE FILM

FUJIFILM CORPORATION, To...

1. An antireflective film, comprising:a plastic substrate;
an infiltration layer; and
an antireflective layer containing metallic oxide fine particles with an average primary particle size of 150 nm to 250 nm and a viscosity increasing compound, in this order,
wherein the infiltration layer and the antireflective layer are in contact with each other,
wherein the infiltration layer and the antireflective layer each contains a same polymer containing a (meth)acrylate compound having a molecular weight of 400 or less,
wherein the antireflective layer has a moth-eye structure including an uneven shape formed by the metallic oxide fine particles, and
wherein all of the metallic oxide fine particles are solid particles.

US Pat. No. 10,338,275

FLEXIBLE NANOPHOTONIC META-OPTICS

Verily Life Sciences LLC,...

1. A nanophotonic optical system for transmitting light in a range of wavelengths including a particular wavelength, comprising:at least one nanophotonic element, wherein the at least one nanophotonic element comprises a two-dimensional arrangement of sub-wavelength regions of a first material interspersed within a second material, the first material having a first index of refraction and the second material having a second index of refraction, wherein the at least one nanophotonic element comprises a surface having a curvature, and wherein the at least one nanophotonic element has an optical phase transfer function for transmitting light of the particular wavelength that is dependent on the curvature of the surface;
an actuator configured to controllably modify the curvature of the surface; and
a computing device configured to:
determine a threshold optical phase transfer function; and
cause the actuator to modify the curvature of the surface so as to provide the threshold optical phase transfer function.

US Pat. No. 10,338,271

RESERVOIR GRID CONVERSION FOR SCALING STRAIN

Schlumberger Technology C...

1. One or more computer-readable non-transitory media comprising computer-executable instructions stored therein to instruct a computing system to:acquire data of a geological reservoir wherein the data comprise field data captured electronically via one or more data acquisition techniques;
for a given time, solve the elastic wave equation in tensorial form for a geological reservoir model of the geological reservoir subject to stated conditions to provide a solution that comprises strain-related displacements associated with resource production from the geological reservoir wherein the data provide for, at least in part, one or more of the stated conditions and;
adjust a grid associated with the geological reservoir model based at least in part on the strain-related displacements, wherein the adjusted grid represents changes in the geological reservoir; and
issue an instruction to adjust an actuator associated with an operation performed on the geological reservoir based at least in part on the represented changes in the geological reservoir.

US Pat. No. 10,338,270

SENSING SYSTEMS AND METHODS WITH PHASE UNWRAPPING BASED ON A DYNAMIC PHASE CHANGE MODEL

HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVIC...

1. A system, comprising:distributed sensors;
a receiver that receives signals from the distributed sensors and that produces one or more interferometry signals from the received signals;
a digitizer to digitize each of the one or more interferometry signals; and
at least one processing unit that processes each digitized interferometry signal to obtain unwrapped phase information and related parameter values, wherein the unwrapped phase information is obtained based on a comparison of a current phase measurement with a reference phase predicted using a dynamic phase change model that includes a phase change acceleration component.

US Pat. No. 10,338,269

METHOD AND X-RAY INSPECTION SYSTEM, IN PARTICULAR FOR NON-DESTRUCTIVELY INSPECTING OBJECTS

1. A method for the nondestructive inspection of an object, wherein electromagnetic radiation is passed through the object and intensity values of unabsorbed beams are measured and evaluated, the method comprising the following steps:generating a three-dimensional data set in which a first material quantity value corresponding to a first material property of the object is associated in each case with individual spatial elements of the object by means of a computed tomography method employing a first X-ray unit including at least one first radiation source and an associated first generally L-shaped detector unit;
determining an inspection space, in the three-dimensional data set representing the object, which has spatial elements whose first material quantity value is in a predetermined value range;
deriving values, based on the three-dimensional data set, which in each case correspond to a spatial geometric quantity of the inspection space in a predetermined projection direction;
generating a two-dimensional data set in which a second material quantity value corresponding to a second material property of the object is associated in each case with individual surface elements of the object, based on a surface projection of the object in the predetermined projection direction by means of a two-dimensional X-ray method employing at least one second X-ray unit with at least one second radiation source and an associated second generally L-shaped detector unit, the second detector unit including a first detection portion in a first plane and a second detection portion in a second plane, the first plane being distinct from the second plane, the generally second L-shaped detector unit being arranged in a different direction than the first generally L-shaped detector unit;
determining an inspection area in the two-dimensional data set by computing a projection of the inspection space into the two-dimensional data set, corresponding to the predetermined projection direction; and
transferring the derived values of the spatial geometric quantity into corresponding surface elements of the projection.

US Pat. No. 10,338,268

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR OBTAINING T2 DISTRIBUTION

HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVIC...

1. A method for determining earth formation rock and fluid properties comprising:providing a data acquisition tool, the data acquisition tool comprising:
one or more nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) sensors, a data acquisition processor communicatively coupled with the one or more NMR sensors, and
a first memory communicatively coupled with the data acquisition processor;
lowering the data acquisition tool to a desired location within a wellbore;
receiving, at the data acquisition tool, data of earth formation fluid;
transmitting the acquired data to a data processing unit communicatively coupled with the data acquisition tool, the data processing unit comprising a data processor and a second memory;
obtaining, from the acquired data, at least one fully polarized state echo train (EFR) and at least one partially polarized state echo train burst (EPR), wherein the at least one EPR includes a plurality of partially polarized bins and a plurality of fully polarized bins;
inverting the at least one EPR to obtain an apparent transverse relaxation time (T2app) distribution, wherein the T2app distribution includes fully polarized state echo train data and partially polarized state echo train data;
truncating the T2app distribution by discarding the partially polarized T2app bins;
completing a forward model of the EPR to obtain at least one additional echo train burst (EFR_B) having only fully polarized bins;
performing a second, simultaneous inversion on the at least one EFR and the at least one EFR_B obtained from the forward model, the second inversion providing a T2 distribution and a total porosity level;
determining, at the data processor, earth formation fluid properties based on the second inversion.

US Pat. No. 10,338,267

FORMATION PROPERTIES FROM TIME-DEPENDENT NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE (NMR) MEASUREMENTS

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A method, comprising:providing a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) logging tool and disposing the NMR logging tool in a wellbore traversing a formation at some desired depth adjacent a low-permeability portion of the formation;
providing an upper packer and a lower packer;
actuating the upper packer and the lower packer to hydraulically isolate a section of the wellbore adjacent the low permeability portion of the formation and form a cavity between the NMR logging tool and the wall of the isolated section of the wellbore;
evacuating the cavity until a first desired pressure within the cavity is attained;
injecting gas into the cavity until a second desired pressure within the cavity is attained, said second desired pressure being different than said first desired pressure;
making a plurality of NMR measurements using the NMR logging tool on a region of the formation penetrated by the wellbore and adjacent the isolated section of the wellbore, each of the plurality of measurements being made at different times; and
inferring one or more properties of the formation using the plurality of NMR measurements.

US Pat. No. 10,338,266

EMU IMPULSE ANTENNA FOR LOW FREQUENCY RADIO WAVES USING GIANT DIELECTRIC AND FERRITE MATERIALS

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A method for emitting pulses of electromagnetic energy with an electromagnetic energy source, the method comprising:providing the electromagnetic energy source having:
a sonde assembly including a first section axially aligned with, and spaced from, a second section;
an energy storage capacitor including an electrode mounted in each of the first section and the second section of the sonde assembly and a capacitive charge storage medium mounted in each of the first section and the second section of the sonde assembly and surrounding the electrode, where the capacitive charge storage medium is a giant dielectrics and giant permeability ferrite; and
a fast-closing switch located between the electrodes of the first section and the second section; and
charging the energy storage capacitor to cause the fast-closing switch to close and pulses of electromagnetic energy to be emitted from the electromagnetic energy source.

US Pat. No. 10,338,265

USING AN ARRAY OF SENSORS BETWEEN TWO TRANSMITTERS IN AN EDDY CURRENT LOGGING ENVIRONMENT

HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVIC...

1. A magnetic imaging tool comprising:a body comprising at least two transmitters to transmit signals; and
an array of sensors coupled to the body to obtain eddy current responses to the signals from downhole tubulars,
wherein the array of sensors is located axially between two transmitters that produce magnetic fields with opposite orientations and is extendable and retractable to obtain eddy current responses in different diameters of downhole tubulars.

US Pat. No. 10,338,264

EMU IMPULSE ANTENNA WITH CONTROLLED DIRECTIONALITY AND IMPROVED IMPEDANCE MATCHING

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A method for emitting pulses of electromagnetic energy with an electromagnetic energy source, the method comprising:providing the electromagnetic energy source having:
a sonde assembly;
an energy storage capacitor including an electrode mounted in the sonde assembly and operable to generate an electric field, and a capacitive charge storage medium surrounding the electrode;
a communication cable extending through a tubular member to the electrode; and
a fast-closing switch positioned such that when the fast-closing switch is in a closed position, a circuit is formed that discharges the electrode; and
charging the energy storage capacitor to cause the fast-closing switch to close and pulses of electromagnetic energy to be emitted from the electromagnetic energy source.

US Pat. No. 10,338,263

SIGNAL PROCESSING FOR A CABLE LOCATING INSTRUMENT

Metrotech Corporation, S...

1. A mobile cable locating instrument comprising:one or more antennas configured to detect magnetic fields radiating from a cable;
one or more audiovisual components configured to provide, to a user of the mobile cable locating instrument, one or more audiovisual representations of a locate signal for locating the cable, the locate signal being associated with one or more of a power mode signal and a radio mode signal associated with the cable; and
a combined filter connected to the one or more antennas and the one or more audiovisual components to receive an input value based on the detected magnetic fields from the one or more antennas and provide the power mode signal and the radio mode signal to the one or more audiovisual components, simultaneously, the combined filter comprising:
a half-band finite-input response (FIR) filter coupled to the one or more antennas, having a structure of taps with an odd number of taps, numbered 0 through N, where N is an even number, and a median tap, the median tap being one of the odd number of taps, wherein filter coefficients for each odd numbered tap is zero, the half-band FIR response filter providing a filter value from the input value;
a right shifter that is connected to the FIR filter, receives a median value from the median tap and shifts the median value right by one bit to provide a half median value;
an adder that is connected to the FIR filter and the right shifter, adds the filter value and the half median value to provide a low-pass filter value, the low-pass filter value corresponding to the power mode signal; and
a subtractor that is connected to the FIR filter and the right shifter, subtracts the half median value from the filter value to provide a high-pass filter value, the high-pass filter value corresponding to the radio mode signal.

US Pat. No. 10,338,261

MEASUREMENT OF MAGNETIC FIELD GRADIENTS

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

16. A system for determining a magnetic field gradient, the system comprising:a vector magnetometer operable to measure the magnetic field gradient for specific positions on the Earth;
a gyroscope, coupled to the vector magnetometer, that is operable to generate a correction value to compensate for error in the magnetic field gradient; and
one or more processors operable to:
identify the magnetic field gradient;
identify the correction value; and
apply the correction value to the magnetic field gradient,
wherein the vector magnetometer and the gyroscope are onboard a moving platform,
wherein the correction value received from the gyroscope comprises a relative rotation matrix and is applied to the magnetic field gradient to relate a coil vector magnetometer antenna and an airframe body coordinate system to compensate for high frequency airframe vibrations that causes disorientation of the inductive coil vector magnetometer.

US Pat. No. 10,338,258

MARINE SEISMIC SURVEYING

SHELL OIL COMPANY, Houst...

1. A marine seismic surveying system comprising:a plurality of seismic receivers;
a propelled vessel comprising a navigation control system arranged to steer the propelled vessel;
a seismic source assembly attached to the propelled vessel with a towing line, the seismic source assembly comprising:
a float;
a seismic source suspended from the float; and
a source global positioning system installed on the float; and
a computer system, in communication with the navigation control system of the propelled vessel and with the global positioning system of the seismic source assembly, and arranged to instruct the navigation control system to steer the propelled vessel in response to no other position information than position information repetitively generated by the source global positioning system to navigate the seismic source assembly to a target location, and to trigger activation of the seismic source when the seismic source is located within a pre-determined distance from the target location.

US Pat. No. 10,338,255

NOISE ATTENUATION

PGS Geophysical AS, Oslo...

1. A method for attenuating noise in marine seismic survey data, comprising:receiving, by a machine, marine seismic survey data recorded near-continuously by a plurality of receivers, wherein the near-continuously recorded seismic data is indicative of a subterranean formation and includes a first near-continuous measurement of a wavefield and a second near-continuous measurement of the wavefield;
equalizing the first near-continuous measurement of a wavefield and the second near-continuous measurement of the wavefield recorded from a marine seismic survey;
collapsing a coherent portion of the equalized second near-continuous measurement by:
inverting the equalized first near-continuous measurement;
deriving a collapsing operator from the inverted first near-continuous measurement; and
applying the collapsing operator to the equalized second near-continuous measurement;
deriving a noise model; and
attenuating noise in the second near-continuous measurement using the noise model.

US Pat. No. 10,338,253

METHOD OF SUPPRESSING SPECTRAL ARTEFACTS OF WAVEFIELD DECOMPOSITION CAUSED BY IMPERFECT EXTRAPOLATION

PGS Geophysical AS, Oslo...

24. A system for increasing clarity of geologic features represented in a data set having a finite aperture by removing spectral artefacts from the data set comprising:a tapering means for adding a taper to the data set at a boundary of the finite aperture using an extrapolation and a first window function to form a tapered data set;
a modeling means for creating a model of the taper for the data set using a second window function,
a filtering means for:
performing a spectral filtering operation on the tapered data set to form a filtered data set, wherein the filtered data set has spectral artefacts arising from the taper; and
performing the spectral filtering operation on the model of the taper to form a model of the spectral artefacts; and
a subtracting means for adaptively subtracting the model of the spectral artefacts from the filtered data set to form a product data set.

US Pat. No. 10,338,250

METHOD OF REMOVING INCOHERENT NOISE

PGS Geophysical AS, Oslo...

1. A method of removing incoherent noise from a raw data set stored on a computer and containing information indicative of a geology of earth strata, comprising:using an integral transform operation means to create and store a patterned data set from the raw dataset, wherein:
the raw data set represents seismic waves resulting from designed seismic perturbations from one or more seismic sources and comprises pressure readings by a plurality of receivers, and
the integral transform operation means transforms incoherent noise features in the raw data set into artefacts having an identifiable structure in the patterned data set;
using a modeling means to construct and store a model data set from the raw data set, wherein:
the model data set contains the incoherent noise features from the raw data set, and
the model data set, when subjected to the integral transform operation means, produces artefacts similar to the artefacts in the patterned data set;
using the integral transform operation means to create and store an incoherent noise model from the model data set;
constructing and storing a scaling and energy minimizing filter from the patterned data set and the incoherent noise model;
applying the scaling and energy minimizing filter to the incoherent noise model to create and store a filtered incoherent noise model that is scaled with an exponential function of depth depending on an arrangement of the one or more seismic sources and the plurality of receivers; and
adaptively subtracting the filtered incoherent noise model from the patterned data set to create and store a transformed data set with the incoherent noise features removed.

US Pat. No. 10,338,249

PROCESSING SEISMIC ATTRIBUTES USING MATHEMATICAL MORPHOLOGY

Schlumberger Technology C...

1. A computer-implemented method for processing seismic data, comprising:receiving a seismic data set associated with a domain representing a subterranean volume, wherein the seismic data set is collected using a geophone and a seismic wave generator;
calculating a seismic attribute associated with the domain from the seismic data set; and
performing one or more mathematical morphology operations on the seismic attribute to generate a processed attribute associated with the domain, wherein performing the one or more mathematical morphology operations comprises:
performing a first mathematical morphology operation on the seismic attribute to generate an intermediate attribute, wherein performing the first mathematical morphology operation comprises:
selecting a subject element from a matrix of elements representing the domain; and
defining a local subset of the matrix of elements, wherein defining the local subset comprises applying a morphological structuring operator having a shape and a dimension; and
performing a second mathematical morphology operation on the intermediate attribute to generate the processed attribute, wherein the second mathematical morphology operation comprises a pseudo-inverse of the first mathematical morphology operation.

US Pat. No. 10,338,248

METHOD FOR PROCESSING SEISMIC IMAGES

TOTAL SA, Courbevoie (FR...

1. A method for processing a reference seismic image of a medium and a control seismic image of said medium, the reference seismic image comprising at least one seismic trace expressed in a depth scale and the control seismic image comprising at least one seismic trace expressed in the depth scale, the method comprising:a) receiving the reference seismic image and the control seismic image;
b) defining at least one first planar capture level situated on one trace from among the at least one seismic trace of the reference seismic image and the at least one seismic trace of the control seismic image, and at least one second planar capture level on the at least one seismic trace of the reference seismic image, said first planar capture level being defined above a first disturbance of said medium;
c) transforming a continuous portion of the at least one seismic trace of the control seismic image by demigration on the at least one first planar capture level by means of an original velocity model, into a transformed control seismic trace described in a time scale;
d) transforming a continuous portion of the at least one seismic trace of the reference seismic image comprising the at least one second planar capture level by demigration and datuming operations on the at least one second planar capture level by means of a current velocity model, into a transformed reference seismic trace portion described in the time scale;
e) correcting the portion of the transformed control seismic trace by calibration on the at least one second planar capture level by means of the current velocity model in a new transformed control seismic trace portion described in the time scale said calibration being a transformation by datuming operation;
f) determining an optimised current velocity model by the addition, to the current velocity model, of a correction factor for the current velocity model determined from an offset in time between the portion of the transformed reference seismic trace and the new transformed control seismic trace portion; and
g) monitoring a change over time in the imaged medium of oil/gas reservoirs in a subsoil based on said optimized current velocity model.

US Pat. No. 10,338,247

MICROSEISMIC MONITORING SENSOR UNCERTAINTY REDUCTION

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method, comprising:receiving, by a computing device, information about—a plurality of sensors that are monitoring a subterranean formation subsequent to a fracturing fluid being introduced into the subterranean formation, the information including a location of each sensor of the plurality of sensors;
receiving, by the computing device, information about a microseismic event in the subterranean formation being monitored by the plurality of sensors;
determining, by the computing device, a seismic ray path between a location of the microseismic event and each sensor of the plurality of sensors;
determining, by the computing device, an uncertainty value of the location of the microseismic event based on information about the subterranean formation and the information about the plurality of sensors;
determining, by the computing device, a total uncertainty value of the locations of a plurality of microseismic events that include the microseismic event;
determining, by the computing device, a solution of an objective function that is based on the total uncertainty value and a number of sensors; and
determining, by the computing device and based on the solution, a new location to move at least one sensor of the plurality of sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,338,244

FWI WITH AREAL AND POINT SOURCES

ExxonMobil Upstream Resea...

1. A method, comprising:performing, with a computer, up/down separation of geophysical data, which produces an approximate up-going wavefield and an approximate down-going wavefield;
creating a hybrid areal source based at least in part on the down-going wavefield; and
performing, with a computer, a full wavefield inversion process with the hybrid areal source, and an objective function measuring a misfit between modeled up-going wavefields and recorded up-going wavefields, wherein the full wavefield inversion process generates a final subsurface physical property model for hydrocarbon exploration.

US Pat. No. 10,338,242

SURFACE WAVE TOMOGRAPHY USING SPARSE DATA ACQUISITION

ConocoPhillips Company, ...

1. A method for monitoring a frozen subsurface structure to detect thawing-related problems, the method comprising:obtaining seismic data;
estimating travel time or phase delay or both of Rayleigh waves in the seismic data at a central frequency;
performing tomography to the travel time or the phase delay estimated at the central frequency to obtain a slice of seismic velocity at the central frequency;
repeating the estimating of the travel time or phase delay or both and the performing of the tomography to the travel time or the phase delay for a range of central frequencies;
performing a dispersion inversion on slices of seismic velocity for the range of central frequencies to obtain a 3-D velocity cube in depth, the 3-D velocity cube in depth providing an indication of thawing of the frozen subsurface structure; and
monitoring the thawing of the frozen subsurface structure via repeating at least the obtaining of the seismic data every day, every few days, or bi-weekly to determine a progression of the thawing.

US Pat. No. 10,338,238

X-RAY DETECTOR AND X-RAY IMAGING APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An X-ray detector configured to detect X-rays irradiated from an X-ray source, the X-ray detector comprising:a top frame that includes a first area having an active area which is biased from a center of the first area and a second area which is bent from the first area;
a side frame that includes a top frame resting part which is formed in an outer surface which faces an outside of the X-ray detector and on which the second area rests, the side frame being coupled with the top frame to form an accommodation space, the side frame including a first side edge and a second side edge opposite to the first side edge; and
a sensor panel disposed in the accommodation space and configured to convert the detected X-rays into an electrical signal, a location of the sensor panel being biased from the center of the first area to correspond to the active area, and
wherein the sensor panel is biased, in a width direction of the X-ray detector, towards the first side edge of the side frame so that a distance between the first side edge of the side frame and one side of the sensor panel which faces the first side edge of the side frame is smaller than a distance between the second side edge of the side frame and the other side of the sensor panel which faces the second side edge of the side frame.

US Pat. No. 10,338,237

INDUCTIVE RADIATION DETECTOR

1. A radiation detector comprising:a block of a material capable of interacting with radiation to produce charge carriers;
an inductor positioned adjacent to the block and having an inductance that depends on a number of the charge carriers in the block; and
a circuit coupled to sense a change in the inductance and detect the radiation based on the change.

US Pat. No. 10,338,236

RADIATION DETECTION APPARATUS AND METHOD, DATA PROCESSING METHOD AND PROCESSOR

NUCTECH COMPANY LIMITED, ...

1. A radiation detection apparatus, comprising:a radiation detector which generates an electrical signal by interacting with X-rays;
an Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) which is coupled to the radiation detector and converts the electrical signal to a waveform data;
a data processor which determines the number of single photon signals according to the waveform data from the ADC, and determines whether an integral signal and/or a count signal of the waveform data will be used for imaging according to the number of the single photon signals, comprising: using the integral signal of the waveform data as an imaging signal to perform imaging if the number of the single photon signals is less than a predetermined lower threshold, and using the count signal of the waveform data as an imaging signal to perform imaging if the number of the single photon signals is greater than a predetermined upper threshold; and
an imaging apparatus which:
performs imaging according to the integral signal of the waveform data when the number of the single photon signals is less than the
predetermined lower threshold; and
performs imaging according to the count signal of the waveform data when the number of the single photon signals is greater than the
predetermined upper threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,338,235

RADIATION DETECTOR

SHIMADZU CORPORATION, Ky...

1. A radiation detector, comprising:a scintillator configured to convert radiation into a fluorescent emission;
a data monitoring portion configured to continuously output instantaneous intensity data indicating an instantaneous intensity of a fluorescent emission at each time of detection in a course from production of the fluorescent emission that is produced through incidence of radiation on the scintillator, through decay of the fluorescent emission; and
a summing portion configured to calculate a summation value indicating an intensity of the fluorescent emission produced in the scintillator through summing the instantaneous intensity data for fluorescent emission intensities that are greater than a threshold value, without summing the instantaneous intensity data for fluorescent emission intensities that are less than the threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,338,234

RADIOGRAPHIC IMAGE CAPTURING DEVICE

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A radiographic image capturing device comprising:a sensor substrate having one surface on which a plurality of light-receiving elements are two-dimensionally arranged, wherein the sensor substrate includes an electrode that is an incident plane of the light-receiving elements;
a scintillator substrate that is arranged on a side of the light-receiving elements of the sensor substrate; and
an insulating layer, comprised of an organic material, having a given refractive index formed in a region between the scintillator substrate and the electrode that is the incident plane of the light-receiving elements of the sensor substrate,
wherein no insulating layer with a refractive index different from said given refractive index is formed in said region so that said region has no interface between insulating layers that differ in refractive index.

US Pat. No. 10,338,232

NAVIGATION SATELLITE WIDE-LANE BIAS DETERMINATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

1. A method for determining navigation satellite corrections for a plurality of satellites, to facilitate navigation by navigation receivers that receive satellite navigation signals from various subsets of the plurality of satellites, the method comprising:receiving reference receiver measurement information, including receiving, from a plurality of reference receivers at established locations, measurements of satellite navigation signals received by each of the reference receivers, wherein the satellite navigation signals received by each reference receiver of the plurality of reference receivers include satellite navigation signals at first (L1) and second (L2) frequencies;
in accordance with the received reference receiver measurement information, and in accordance with the established locations of the plurality of reference receivers, determining initial wide-lane navigation solutions for the plurality of reference receivers, the initial wide-lane navigation solutions including double-difference (DD) wide-lane fixed integer ambiguity values and single-difference (SD) wide-lane floating ambiguities;
in accordance with the initial wide-lane navigation solutions, for a constellation of n satellites in the plurality of satellites,
determining m clusters of single-difference (SD) wide-lane floating ambiguities, where m is an integer greater than one, each cluster of SD wide-lane floating ambiguities comprising pairs of SD wide-lane floating ambiguities, ?NrmSiSj and ?NrnSiSj for a respective pair of satellites, each pair of SD wide-lane floating ambiguities comprising first and second SD wide-lane floating ambiguities for a first reference receiver, rm, and a second receiver, rn, respectively, that receive satellite navigation signals from both satellites in the respective pair of satellites, wherein the SD wide-lane floating ambiguities in each pair of SD floating ambiguities have equal fractional portions, ??NrmSiSj?=??NrnSiSj?; and
determining a satellite wide-lane bias value, bWLs, for each satellite s of the n satellites, in accordance with fractional portions of the SD wide-lane floating ambiguities in the m clusters;
in accordance with the determined satellite wide-lane bias value, bWLs, for each satellite s of the n satellites, generating wide-lane navigation solutions for the plurality of reference receivers, including SD wide-lane fixed integer ambiguity values for the plurality of reference receivers; and
generating a set of navigation satellite corrections for each satellite of the n satellites, the set of navigation satellites corrections for each satellite s including a correction corresponding to the satellite wide-lane bias value, bWLs, determined for satellite s; wherein the sets of navigation satellite corrections for the n satellites are for transmission to navigation receivers for use in determining locations of the navigation receivers.

US Pat. No. 10,338,230

MULTIPATH ERROR CORRECTION

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. A system for multipath error correction, comprising:a global positioning system (GPS) component determining a first GPS position of a vehicle at a first time and a second GPS position for the vehicle at a second time;
an image capture component monitoring for a change of lane associated with the vehicle between determination of the first GPS position and the second GPS position for the vehicle; and
an error correction component calculating an updated position for the vehicle by performing a comparison between the change of lane information and the second GPS position of the vehicle and setting the updated position for the vehicle as the second GPS position.

US Pat. No. 10,338,225

DYNAMIC LIDAR SENSOR CONTROLLER

Uber Technologies, Inc., ...

15. An autonomous vehicle (AV) comprising:a laser imaging, detection and ranging (LIDAR) sensor to generate sensor data indicating a situational environment of the AV, the LIDAR sensor comprising a set of LIDAR components having a plurality of configurable parameters, the plurality of configurable parameters including a vertical beam parameter that is configurable to modify a vertical angular spacing between beams emitted by the LIDAR sensor;
an on-board data processing system to process the sensor data to identify potential hazards along a current route traveled by the AV;
acceleration, braking, and steering systems;
an AV control system to utilize the processed sensor data to autonomously operate the acceleration, braking, and steering systems along the current route; and
a LIDAR sensor controller to execute sensor configuration logic causing the LIDAR sensor controller to:
receive feedback data from the AV control system, the feedback data indicating a speed of the AV;
adjust one or more of the plurality of configurable parameters of the LIDAR sensor in response to the feedback data from the AV control system; and
based on the speed of the AV, dynamically adjust the vertical beam parameter of the LIDAR sensor to modify the vertical angular spacing between the beams.

US Pat. No. 10,338,223

PROCESSING POINT CLOUDS OF VEHICLE SENSORS HAVING VARIABLE SCAN LINE DISTRIBUTIONS USING TWO-DIMENSIONAL INTERPOLATION AND DISTANCE THRESHOLDING

Luminar Technologies, Inc...

1. A method for processing point clouds having variable spatial distributions of scan lines, the method comprising:receiving a point cloud frame generated by a sensor configured to sense an environment through which a vehicle is moving, the point cloud frame including a plurality of points arranged in a plurality of scan lines, the plurality of scan lines being arranged according to a particular spatial distribution, and each of the plurality of points having (i) associated two-dimensional coordinates representing a horizontal and vertical position within the point cloud frame, and (ii) an associated parameter value;
generating, by one or more processors, a normalized point cloud frame, wherein generating the normalized point cloud frame includes adding, to the received point cloud frame, a plurality of interpolated points not present in the received point cloud frame, and wherein adding the plurality of interpolated points includes, for each interpolated point,
identifying one or more neighboring points, among the plurality of points in the received point cloud frame, having associated two-dimensional coordinates that are within a threshold distance of two-dimensional coordinates for the interpolated point, and
calculating an estimated parameter value of the interpolated point using, for each of the identified neighboring points, (i) a distance between the two-dimensional coordinates for the interpolated point and the two-dimensional coordinates associated with the identified neighboring point, and (ii) the parameter value associated with the identified neighboring point; and
generating, by one or more processors and using the normalized point cloud frame, signals descriptive of a current state of the environment through which the vehicle is moving.

US Pat. No. 10,338,222

AUGMENTED THREE DIMENSIONAL POINT COLLECTION OF VERTICAL STRUCTURES

Pictometry International ...

1. An automated method, comprising:capturing images and three-dimensional LIDAR data of a geographic area with an image capturing device and a LIDAR system, as well as location and orientation data for each of the images corresponding to the location and orientation of the image capturing device capturing the images, the images depicting an object of interest and the three-dimensional LIDAR data including the object of interest, the image capturing device capturing the images at a first resolution, and the LIDAR system capturing the three-dimensional LIDAR data at a second resolution less than the first resolution;
storing the three-dimensional LIDAR data on a non-transitory computer readable medium;
analyzing the images with a computer system to determine three dimensional locations of points on the object of interest; and
updating the three-dimensional LIDAR data with the three dimensional locations of points on the object of interest determined by analyzing the images to create a 3D point cloud having a resolution greater than the resolution of the three-dimensional LIDAR data.

US Pat. No. 10,338,221

DEVICE FOR EXTRACTING DEPTH INFORMATION AND METHOD THEREOF

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A device for extracting depth information, the device comprising:a light outputting unit configured to output infrared (IR) light;
a light inputting unit configured to be input with light output from the light outputting unit which has been reflected from an object;
a light adjusting unit configured to adjust the angle of the output infrared light such that a first region including an object is irradiated with output infrared light and then adjust the angle of the output infrared light such a second region is irradiated with the output infrared light; and
a controlling unit configured to estimate motion of the object using at least one of infrared light input into the first region and infrared light input into the second region.

US Pat. No. 10,338,219

MEASURING APPARATUS COMPRISING AN INTERFEROMETER AND AN ABSORPTION MEDIUM DEFINING A DENSE LINE SPECTRUM

LEICA GEOSYSTEMS AG, Hee...

1. An optical metrology device embodied as a laser tracker configured for continuous tracking of an object, the optical metrology device having a rangefinder for determining a change in distance to the object using an interferometer for generating an interferometer output variable for respective distances to the object, the rangefinder comprising:a tunable laser diode embodied as an interferometer laser beam source for generating laser radiation in such a way that the laser radiation is present in longitudinally mono mode fashion and a single emission wavelength of the laser radiation is variable within a specific wavelength range by varying at least one tuning parameter;
a beamsplitter configured to split the laser radiation into measurement radiation and reference radiation; wherein the rangefinder is configured so that the measurement radiation is directed to the object and the interferometer output variable is based on at least part of returning measurement radiation and at least part of the reference radiation;
an interferometer detector configured to detect the measurement radiation and to generate the interferometer output variable, based thereon;
an absorption medium having a multiplicity of known absorption lines within the wavelength range, wherein the rangefinder is configured so that at least one part of the reference radiation is coupled into the absorption medium;
a memory with a stored line atlas for the multiplicity of absorption lines for the absorption medium, which line atlas in each case specifies an absorption strength for respective absorption wavelengths within the wavelength range;
photodetector configured for determining an absorption strength, wherein the photodetector is arranged so that the at least one part of the reference radiation impinges on the photodetector after being transmitted through the absorption medium; and
a control and evaluation unit configured to carry out a distance measurement mode, in which the emission wavelength of the laser radiation is regulated by means of the at least one tuning parameter as a function of a determined absorption strength, exerted by the absorption medium onto the at least one part of the reference radiation, in that the emission wavelength remains stable and therefore the change in the distance to the object can be determined by means of the interferometer output variable,
wherein:
the control and evaluation unit is furthermore configured to carry out a calibration mode, in which identification of at least one specific absorption line of the multiplicity of absorption lines is established by virtue of carrying out defined sample measurements comprising:
varying the wavelength of the at least one part of the reference radiation as at least one measurement parameter by virtue of varying the at least one tuning parameter in a manner controlled by the control and evaluation unit, wherein the wavelength of the at least one part of the reference radiation is varied over a defined tuning region configured so that the tuning region comprises multiple absorption lines,
determining, by virtue of a multitude of measurements with the photodetector during the varying of the wavelength of the at least one part of the reference radiation, a multitude of absorption strengths exerted by the absorption medium onto the at least one part of the reference radiation as function of the at least one tuning parameter,
determining measurement parameter-dependent sample absorption lines from the determined multitude of absorption strengths,
comparing the measurement-parameter dependent sample absorption lines with at least one reference, which is based on the stored line atlas, and
establishing an orientation in the line atlas in that at least one specific absorption line of the multiplicity of absorption lines is identified as a function of the comparison and on the basis of an algorithmic evaluation, such that an exact wavelength average value can be assigned to the measurement-parameter dependent sample absorption lines based on the identified at least one specific absorption line,
the emission wavelength of the measurement radiation in the distance measurement mode can be determined and/or set as a function of the established orientation in the line atlas, and
the calibration mode is carried out when putting the rangefinder into operation, controlled automatically by the control and evaluation unit, and the identified specific absorption line determined in the calibration mode is stored for carrying out the subsequent measurement mode.

US Pat. No. 10,338,217

WIDEBAND SONAR RECEIVER AND SONAR SIGNAL PROCESSING ALGORITHMS

FLIR SYSTEMS, INC., Wils...

1. A wideband sonar receiver, comprising:a digital basebanding and decimation stage adapted to baseband and decimate digitized samples of a received sonar signal to produce baseband samples of the received sonar signal; and
a correlator adapted to correlate the baseband samples with shaped baseband replica samples, wherein the correlator comprises a digital signal processor (DSP) configured to divide a frequency-domain version of the shaped baseband replica samples (FSRS) by a frequency-domain version of the baseband samples (FS) to provide a shaping filter response, to multiply the shaping filter response by a conjugate of the FSRS to provide a combined correlation and shaping response, and to multiply the FS with the correlation and shaping response to produce a correlated and shaped signal.

US Pat. No. 10,338,216

OBJECT DETECTION IN MULTIPLE RADARS

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method of processing radar target points comprising:receiving a first radar signal indicating a first target and a second target within a first field of view at a first distance from a first location;
receiving a second radar signal indicating a third target and a fourth target with the first field of view at a second distance from a second location;
determining a true target in response to the first target and the third target being collocated;
determining a first observation vector in response to the first radar signal and the true target and a second observation vector in response to the second radar signal and the true target;
deducting the second target from the first radar signal and deducting the fourth target from the second radar signal;
determining a common observation vector in response to the first observation vector and the second observation vector;
generating a radar map in response to the common observation vector; and
controlling a vehicle in response to the radar map.

US Pat. No. 10,338,215

MEASURING POINT INFORMATION PROVIDING DEVICE, CHANGE DETECTION DEVICE, METHODS THEREOF, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

5. A measuring point information providing method comprising:receiving, by a processor, an SAR image set comprising information indicative of a reflection intensity and a phase associated with each pixel corresponding to a resolution cell within a field of vision for image capturing including a specific region, the information being generated from observation data formed of four basic polarization pairs including an HH polarization, an HV polarization, a VH polarization and a VV polarization which are combinations of transmission and reception polarizations observed by a synthetic aperture radar at the same time;
determining, by the processor, a polarization pair whose reflection intensity is not less than a predetermined value or whose reflection intensity is the highest with respect to each target pixel, the polarization pair determined by changing a rotation angle pair, pixel by pixel using the received SAR image set;
generating, by the processor, based on the polarization pair that is determined, measuring point information including at least information indicative of the determined polarization pair of the target pixel; and
outputting one of: (i) the measuring point information that is generated, and (ii) information indicating whether a spot corresponding to a target pixel is appropriate as a measuring point or indicating to which degree the spot is appropriate as the measuring point, the information being generated based on the measuring point information, wherein
the outputting comprises generating and outputting, as information indicating to which degree a spot corresponding to a target pixel is appropriate as a measuring point, a rotational SAR image which holds at least information indicative of a reflection intensity and a phase obtained by the determined polarization pair of the pixel so as to be associated with the target pixel based on the received SAR image set and the measuring point information.

US Pat. No. 10,338,213

AUTO TIER II

Northrop Grumman Systems ...

13. A system for providing an estimate of far-field radar cross-section (RCS) measurements of an aircraft, said system comprising:a plurality of automatic guided vehicle (AGV) each including a robot arm moveably mounted thereto and a radar unit selectively mounted to the robot arm and being interchangeable with a camera, each AGV further including an AGV positioning sub-system for positioning the AGV relative to the aircraft and positioning the robot arm on the AGV, each AGV also including an AGV controller for providing command and control signals to the AGV positioning sub-system, the robot arm, the radar unit and the camera so as to cause the radar unit to provide near-field RCS measurements and the camera to provide images of the aircraft at different elevations, angles and positions;
a real time signature diagnostic sub-system (SDS-RT) responsive to a stream of the near-field RCS measurement signals from the radar unit and the images from the camera in real time; and
an SDS controller responsive to near-field RCS measurement signals and images from the SDS-RT and configuring and orienting the near-field RCS measurement signals into a mosaic of the measurement signals to provide the estimate of the far-field RCS measurements of the aircraft.

US Pat. No. 10,338,211

APPARATUS FOR MEASURING DISTANCE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A distance measuring device comprising:an image acquiring unit installed in a vehicle cabin of a vehicle, acquiring a plurality of images which are simultaneously captured from mutually different view points via a windshield of the vehicle, to include a common imaging region ahead of the vehicle which are shared by the plurality of images;
a parallax detection unit that detects a parallax between the plurality of images as a detected parallax, in response to a front object, as an object present ahead of the vehicle, being captured in the plurality of images, based on positions where the front object is captured in respective images;
a distance calculation unit that calculates distance between the front object and the vehicle as a parallax calculated distance based on the detected parallax;
a distance detection unit mounted on the vehicle, transmitting/receiving electromagnetic waves to detect distance between the front object and the vehicle as electromagnetic waves detected distance;
an error calculation unit that calculates a parallax error which is an error of the parallax detected by the parallax detection unit, the parallax error being calculated based on a difference between the parallax calculated distance calculated by the distance calculation unit and the electromagnetic waves detected distance detected by the distance detection unit;
a first region identifying unit that identifies a correction divided region where the front object corresponding to the parallax error calculated by the error calculation unit is captured, the correction divided region being divided from a correction region which is set in the imaging region of at least one of the plurality of images, the correction region being constituted of a plurality of pixels to correct a parallax;
an individual correction setting unit that sets an individual correction parallax for each of the correction divided regions, based on the parallax error calculated by the error calculation unit and the correction divided region identified by the first region identifying unit, the individual correction parallax being used for correcting the parallax calculated distance which is calculated based on the detected parallax;
a second region identifying unit that identifies the correction divided region where the front object corresponding to the detected parallax is captured;
a corrected distance calculation unit that calculates a distance between the front object and the vehicle as a corrected distance, based on the detected parallax and the individual correction parallax identified by the second region identifying unit.

US Pat. No. 10,338,209

SYSTEMS TO TRACK A MOVING SPORTS OBJECT

1. A method of tracking a moving sports object, the method including:calibrating a perspective of an image of a camera to a perspective of a Doppler radar for simultaneous tracking of the moving sports object;
interpolating a three dimensional trajectory of a camera measurement of the moving sports object's motion using radar data, based at least in part on a failure of one of the two sensors to provide usable measurements during a period that the moving sports object is being tracked; and
tracking the moving sports object simultaneously with the camera and Doppler radar.

US Pat. No. 10,338,208

OBJECT DETECTION IN MULTIPLE RADARS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of processing radar target points comprising:receiving a first plurality of radar echoes indicating a first target point, a second target point, a third target point, and a fourth target point;
determining a first velocity associated with the first target point, a second velocity associated with the second target point, a third velocity associated with the third target point, and a fourth velocity associated with the fourth target point;
establishing a first cluster in response to the first velocity and the second velocity being similar and the first target point and the second target point having a close proximity;
establishing a second cluster in response to the third velocity and the fourth velocity being similar and the third target point and the fourth target point having a close proximity;
tracking the first cluster and the second cluster in response to a second plurality of radar echoes;
identifying the first cluster as a dynamic object in response to an average first velocity and the second cluster as a static object in response to an average second velocity; and
discontinuing tracking of the second cluster in response to the second object being identified as a static object.

US Pat. No. 10,338,206

ULTRA-WIDEBAND RADAR WITH NORMALIZED SENSITIVITY

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A motion detector comprising:a radio frequency (RF) transmission circuit;
an RF reception circuit including an amplifier and a variable attenuator positioned between a reception antenna and the amplifier;
a controller that is electrically coupled to the RF transmission circuit and the RF reception circuit, the controller configured to:
control the RF transmission circuit to generate an RF signal,
control the RF reception circuit to receive a reflected RF signal from a target object in a predetermined time for reception after transmission of the RF signal;
control the RF reception circuit to generate a Doppler signal indicative of a distance between the target object and the motion detection system based on the reflected RF signal;
adjust a sensitivity of the RF reception circuit during the predetermined time for reception by applying a pulse to the variable attenuator; and
activate an indicator based, at least in part, on a magnitude of the Doppler signal.

US Pat. No. 10,338,205

BACKSCATTER COMMUNICATION AMONG COMMODITY WIFI RADIOS

The Board of Trustees of ...

1. A backscatter tag communicate device comprising:a receiver configured to receive a WiFi packet conforming to a communication protocol defining a plurality of codewords;
a mapper configured to map at least a first subset of the plurality of codewords disposed in the packet to a second plurality of codewords defined by the protocol;
a frequency shifter configured to shift a frequency of the second plurality of codewords such that the frequency shifted codewords are characterized by a single sideband spectrum;
a first signal splitter configured to split a WiFi signal representative of the WiFi packet into first and second signals;
a first on-off keying block disposed in a first path and adapted to receive the first signal; and
a second on-off keying block disposed in a second path and adapted to receive the second signal.

US Pat. No. 10,338,204

SENSOR SYSTEMS

2. A sensor system for measuring relative distance between sensors of the system, the sensor system comprising at least two sensors, wherein each said sensor comprises an RF transceiver coupled to a microprocessor, and stored program code for controlling the microprocessor, wherein said stored program code comprises code to:send, using said RF transceiver, a group of one or more data bits from the sensor to a second sensor;
receive, using said RF transceiver, an acknowledgement of reception of said group of data bits from said second sensor;
determine a time difference between said sending and said receiving; and
compensate said time difference for a processing delay by the microprocessor of said second sensor between the second sensor receiving said group of data bits and sending said acknowledgement, to determine timing data representing a distance to said second sensor,
wherein said stored program code further comprises code to:
send a plurality of said groups of data bits to said second sensor, wherein said plurality of said groups of data bits comprises groups of data bits of different lengths.

US Pat. No. 10,338,203

CLASSIFICATION PREPROCESSING IN MEDICAL ULTRASOUND SHEAR WAVE IMAGING

Siemens Medical Solutions...

1. A method for classification preprocessing to be used in medical ultrasound shear wave imaging, the method comprising:measuring, with an ultrasound system, values of displacement of tissue over time at a first location within a patient in response to an impulse excitation;
determining, with a processor of the ultrasound system, a maximum of the values of the displacement over time;
determining, with the processor of the ultrasound system, a signal-to-noise ratio of the values of the displacement over time where the values of the displacement over time are the signal in the signal-to-noise ratio;
classifying, with the processor, the first location as a first one of a plurality types of tissue where the classifying distinguishes the types of tissue based on a level of fluid in the tissue, the tissue being fluid tissue or solid tissue and being other than bone, the classifying using the maximum of the displacement of the values over time and the signal-to-noise ratio of the values of the displacement over time as variables in the classifying, a SNR level of the signal-to-noise ratio of the values of the displacement over time being an input in the classifying; and
imaging as a function of the classifying of the first location.

US Pat. No. 10,338,201

TIMING SYNCHRONIZATION OF LIDAR SYSTEM TO REDUCE INTERFERENCE

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for use with a LIght Detection And Ranging (LIDAR) system, the method comprising:assigning a firing time of a laser included in the LIDAR system, wherein assigning the firing time includes:
receiving a universal clock signal at the LIDAR system, the universal clock signal common to one or more other LIDAR systems;
synchronizing a system clock of the LIDAR system to the universal clock signal to generate a synchronized clock signal; and
determining the firing time based on the synchronized clock signal to reduce interference with the one or more other LIDAR systems, including
establishing a frame divided into a plurality of timeslots,
assigning one or more of the plurality of timeslots as the firing time for the LIDAR system,
obtaining a unique identifier number that is unique to the LIDAR system, and
applying a HASH algorithm to the unique identifier number to select which of the plurality of timeslots to assign as the firing time for the LIDAR system; and
firing the laser at the firing time.

US Pat. No. 10,338,199

TRANSCEIVER APPARATUS, METHOD AND APPLICATIONS

Luminar Technologies, Inc...

1. A transceiver, comprising:an optical receiver comprising:
a circuit board including a detector configured to detect received light;
an inner housing having a first end attached to the circuit board and an opposing second end, wherein the inner housing encompasses the detector;
an outer housing that at least partially surrounds the inner housing, wherein an elongate groove or shelf is formed along a longitudinal intersection of the inner housing and the outer housing; and
a lens disposed in the outer housing adjacent the second end of the inner housing.

US Pat. No. 10,338,198

SENSOR APPARATUS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A sensor apparatus comprising:a first housing;
a second housing spaced from the first housing;
a LIDAR sensor attached to the first housing; and
a cylindrical window releasably coupled to the first housing and to the second housing, wherein the window extends from a first end releasably coupled to the first housing to a second end releasably coupled to the second housing, the first end including a first thread engageable with the first housing, and the second end including a second thread engageable with the second housing.

US Pat. No. 10,338,197

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR USE OF QUALITATIVE MODELING FOR SIGNAL ANALYSIS

Accenture Global Solution...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:receiving, by a qualitative signal analysis module of a system that includes (i) the qualitative signal analysis module, (ii) an output processing module, and (iii) a signal processing or display device, a signal;
generating, by the qualitative signal analysis module, a two-dimensional representation of the signal, the two-dimensional representation including (i) a sequence of consecutive peaks that each represent a local minimum point or a local maximum point within the two-dimensional representation of the signal, and (ii) a respective line segment that connects each pair of adjacent peaks;
for each line segment that connects each respective pair of adjacent peaks, generating, by the qualitative signal analysis module, a label for the line segment based at least on classifying the line segment according to one or more qualitative criteria;
generating, by the output processor module, a qualitative representation of the signal based on the labels that were generated for the line segment of the two-dimensional representation of the signal; and
providing, by the output processing module, the qualitative representation of the signal for processing by the signal processing or display device.

US Pat. No. 10,338,196

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AVOIDING SENSOR INTERFERENCE USING VEHICULAR COMMUNICATION

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. A computer-implemented method for controlling sensor data acquisition using a vehicular communication network, comprising:establishing an operable connection for computer communication between a first vehicle and one or more remote vehicles within a communication range of the first vehicle using the vehicular communication network, wherein the first vehicle and the one or more remote vehicles operate based upon a common time base according to a global time signal;
receiving, from each of the one or more remote vehicles, capability data that includes a sensor actuation time slot of each of the one or more remote vehicles indicting a time slot at which sensors of each of the one or more remote vehicles are actuating, and wherein the sensor actuation time slot of each of the one or more remote vehicles are different;
dividing a clock cycle into a plurality of time slots based on one or more remote vehicles; and
controlling, according to the plurality of time slots and the sensor actuation time slot, sensor actuation of a sensor of the first vehicle and the sensors of each of the one or more remote vehicles.

US Pat. No. 10,338,194

WIRELESS LOCALISATION SYSTEM

COMMONWEALTH SCIENTIFIC A...

1. A method of estimating the location of a mobile object using a plurality of anchor nodes, the method comprising:synchronising said plurality of anchor nodes;
measuring a plurality of times-of-arrival of beacons transmitted from said object to respective said anchor nodes; and
estimating the location of said object relative to said anchor nodes using said measured times-of-arrival, corrected for a propagation delay at each said anchor node,
wherein the step of estimating the location of said object relative to said anchor nodes comprises the sub-steps of:
subtracting respective propagation delays from each of said plurality of measured times-of-arrival to obtain respective pseudo-ranges forming a set of obtained pseudo-ranges;
estimating locations of said object and corresponding errors in respective said location estimates, wherein each estimated location is determined from a subset of the obtained pseudo-ranges, and wherein each subset of the obtained pseudo-ranges excludes one pseudo-range from the set of obtained pseudo-ranges; and
discarding each of the obtained pseudo-ranges whose exclusion gave an error estimate that is less than a threshold; and
estimating the location of said object from undiscarded pseudo-ranges, the undiscarded pseudo-ranges being those of the obtained pseudo-ranges that have not been discarded.

US Pat. No. 10,338,192

RADIO FREQUENCY COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

POSITION IMAGING, INC., ...

1. A method of tracking a position of a radiofrequency (RF)-transmitting device based on RF signals transmitted by the RF-transmitting device, comprising the steps of:calculating a present position of a RF-transmitting device based on RF signals transmitted by the RF-transmitting device;
determining the present position of the RF-transmitting device is an invalid position by comparing the present position of the RF transmitting device with boundaries of a predefined acceptable tracking volume;
recalibrating, in response to determining the present position of the RF-transmitting device is an invalid position, the present position of the RF-transmitting device by:
obtaining data from RF signals transmitted by the RF-transmitting device; and
identifying a plurality of candidate position solutions;
evaluating at least one of the plurality of candidate position solutions against the obtained data to search for an acceptable candidate position solution; and
when the evaluating finds an acceptable candidate position solution, tracking the RF-transmitting device using the acceptable candidate position solution as the present position of the RF-transmitting device.

US Pat. No. 10,338,190

ENABLING A VALIDATION OF AN ESTIMATED POSITION OF A MOBILE DEVICE

HERE Global B.V., Eindho...

1. A method comprising, performed by at least one apparatus:obtaining results of measurements by a mobile device on radio signals transmitted by a plurality of transmitters, the results of measurements comprising characteristics of the radio signals at the location of measurement;
estimating a position of the mobile device based on the obtained results of measurements and based on assistance data including information on expected characteristics of radio signals of various transmitters at various locations;
matching a distribution of characteristics of radio signals in the obtained results of measurements with a reference distribution of characteristics of radio signals; and
providing a result of the matching as an indication of validity of the estimated position.

US Pat. No. 10,338,188

LOCATION ASSISTANCE WITH A DYNAMICALLY UPDATED BEACON PAYLOAD FROM AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Microsoft Technology Lice...

14. A computerized method comprising:detecting a request to contact an emergency service;
obtaining an incident identifier for association with the detected request;
obtaining location information of a mobile device;
generating a beacon payload including the incident identifier and the location information;
enabling beaconing, at the mobile device, to transmit the generated beacon payload; and
dynamically updating the beacon payload for enabled beaconing with refreshed data, the refreshed data including an updated incident identifier that is updated based on an identified emergency situation that is different than an emergency situation corresponding to the request to contact the emergency service.

US Pat. No. 10,338,187

SPHERICALLY CONSTRAINED OPTICAL SEEKER ASSEMBLY

RAYTHEON COMPANY, Waltha...

1. A spherically constrained optical seeker assembly comprising:a spherical lens having an outer surface;
an optical sensor assembly associated with the spherical lens; and
a gimbal assembly, the optical sensor assembly being coupled to the gimbal assembly, the gimbal assembly being configured to move the optical sensor assembly to at least one desired position on the outer surface of the spherical lens, the gimbal assembly including two arcuate arms configured to move with respect to one another, a first arm of the two arms including an arcuate body having a first end portion and a second end portion, the first arm extending vertically to provided azimuthal positioning of the optical sensor assembly during operation, and a second arm of the two arms includes an arcuate body having a first end portion and a second end portion, the second arm extending horizontally to provide elevational positioning of the optical sensor assembly during operation,
wherein the optical sensor assembly includes a body and a stem that extends from the body, the body of the optical sensor assembly including a surface having a plurality of feet configured to engage the outer surface of the spherical lens and to extend and retract to focus a sensor of the optical sensor assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,338,186

POSITIONAL TRACKING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Valve Corporation, Belle...

1. An optical tracking system, comprising;a movable tracked object comprising a plurality of rigidly attached optical sensors; and
one or more optical transmitters, wherein each transmitter comprises two rotors that sweep two optical beams across a tracking volume on orthogonal axes during repeating sweep cycles, wherein each transmitter emits an omni-directional synchronization optical pulse detectable by said plurality of optical sensors at the beginning of each said sweep cycle; and wherein each of said optical sensors computes an angular location within said tracking volume by calculating the elapsed time between detecting said synchronization pulse and detecting said optical beams.

US Pat. No. 10,338,185

METHOD FOR SELF CALIBRATION OF MEASUREMENT NONLINEARITY

Keithley Instruments, LLC...

1. A method for calibrating linearity of a measurement circuit of a test instrument comprising: determining a first set of voltage measurements of the measurement circuit while performing a first voltage sweep of the measurement circuit from a first voltage to a second voltage at an operating current level;determining a second set of voltage measurements of the measurement circuit while performing a second voltage sweep of the measurement circuit from the second voltage to the first voltage at the operating current level;
calculating a linearity factor for the measurement circuit based on the first set of voltage measurements and the second set of voltage measurements; and
storing the linearity factor to be utilized for correcting nonlinearity of future measurements performed by the measurement circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,338,183

MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING WITH DIFFERENT FREQUENCY ENCODING PATTERNS

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A method for magnetic resonance imaging, comprising:operating a magnetic resonance scanner to detect signals representing raw magnetic resonance data from a region of an examination subject via a number of magnetic resonance receiving antennas of the magnetic resonance scanner, with an image reconstruction algorithm being subsequently applied to said raw magnetic resonance data so as to reconstruct an image, comprised of image elements, of the examination subject, with said image elements representing a signal strength of said signals, each of said magnetic resonance receiving antennas having a signal reception sensitivity, which has a dependency on frequency that attenuates said signal strength;
in a processor, making a frequency-dependent determination of calibration values for at least one of said magnetic resonance receiving antennas so that the calibration values have a value contribution resulting from said dependency on frequency of the sensitivity of said at least one of said magnetic resonance receiving antennas, that compensates for the attenuation of said signal strength; and
in said processor, executing said image reconstruction algorithm so as to reconstruct said image based on the raw magnetic resonance data using the determined calibration values, so that said image elements of said image are not adulterated by said attenuation of said signal strength.

US Pat. No. 10,338,182

RECEIVER ASSEMBLY OF A MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING SYSTEM

1. A receiver assembly of a magnetic resonance (MR) system for generating MR recordings of an examination object, the receiver assembly comprising:a plurality of reception channels for receiving and amplifying MR signals from reception coils of the MR system connected therewith, the reception coils of the MR system being positioned remotely from the receiver assembly;
a calibration data memory configured to store calibration data for the plurality of reception channels situated on the receiver assembly; and
a data link operable to transmit the calibration data to the MR system,
wherein the receiver assembly is a replaceable part, such that the plurality of reception channels are configured to be calibrated outside, or inside and outside of the MR system.

US Pat. No. 10,338,181

RADIO FREQUENCY COIL ASSEMBLY FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING AND MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A radio frequency (RF) coil assembly for magnetic resonance imaging comprising:a transmit only (Tx only) RF coil configured to apply an RF signal to an object; and
a receive only (Rx only) RF coil configured to receive a magnetic resonance signal from a region of interest of the object excited by the RF signal,
wherein the Tx only RF coil and the Rx only RF coil are disposed such that a center (first center) of the Tx only RF coil and a center (second center) of the Rx only RF coil are spaced apart from each other by a distance resulting in a location of a peak point (first peak point) of a magnetic field generated by the Tx only RF coil to be identical to a location of a peak point (second peak point) of a magnetic field generated by the Rx only RF coil.

US Pat. No. 10,338,180

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GRADIENT MEASUREMENT USING SINGLE-POINT IMAGING

Wisconsin Alumni Research...

21. A method for determining a difference between an actual gradient field generated by a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system and a prescribed gradient field, the method comprising:performing a pulse sequence using the MRI system that includes a single point imaging (SPI) acquisition to acquire imaging data over a plurality of encoding times;
analyzing a zoon-in/out effect using the imaging data to determine a relative field of view (FOV) scaling factor between the encoding times;
using the FOV scaling factor, determine relative k-space positions of at least one of the imaging data and to-be acquired imaging data; and
generating an image using one of the imaging data and the to-be acquired imaging data and the relative k-space positions.

US Pat. No. 10,338,179

MAGNETIC RESONANCE METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR QUANTITATIVE TIME-RESOLVED ASSESSMENT OF TISSUE DISPLACEMENT AND RELATED BIOMARKER PARAMETERS WITH BLOOD SUPPRESSION IN THE WHOLE CARDIAC CYCLE

Siemens Healthcare GmbH, ...

1. A method of acquiring images of tissue with suppression of residual blood signal in early cardiac phases, the method comprising:applying, by a processor, a residual blood signal suppression sequence to the tissue, the residual blood signal suppression sequence comprising:
inversion recovery pulses after an electrocardiogram (ECG) trigger at a beginning point of a repetition time period, to obtain a magnetization-inverted slice of the tissue;
a displacement encoding module at an inversion time during the repetition time period to apply a labelling process on the tissue and excite an imaging slice of tissue thinner than the magnetization-inverted slice; and
a readout module comprised of a plurality of frames during a remainder of the repetition time period, to apply an un-labelling process on the imaging slice of tissue, thereby generating cine Displacement Encoding with Stimulated Echoes (DENSE) images of the tissue with blood suppression within the imaging slice of tissue; and
generating, at a display processor configured to communicate with the processor, data representing the cine DENSE images of the tissue with blood suppression within the imaging slice of tissue;
wherein the sequence covers two cardiac cycles defined as the repetition time period; and
wherein the inversion time is selected to allow for a blood signal within the imaging slice of tissue to have a zero magnetization level at the inversion time.

US Pat. No. 10,338,178

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HIGH-RESOLUTION SPECTROSCOPIC IMAGING

THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF ...

1. A device to acquire spatiospectral information from an object, the device comprising:a magnetic field generator that generates a static magnetic field, the object being positioned in the static magnetic field;
an RF coil assembly including a plurality of gradient coils;
an RF transceiver controlled by a pulse module that transmits RF signals to the RF coil assembly and that receives magnetic resonance (MR) signals; and
a computer which, responsive to executing instructions, performs operations, the operations comprising:
acquiring, from the MR signals, spatiospectral encoded training data, wherein the training data has been sampled at a first temporal resolution, and wherein the training data has a first k-space coverage;
acquiring, from the MR signals, spatiospectral encoded imaging data, wherein the imaging data has been sampled at a second temporal resolution, wherein the second temporal resolution is less than the first temporal resolution, wherein the imaging data has a second k-space coverage, and wherein the second k-space coverage is greater than the first k-space coverage; and
reconstructing one or more spatiospectral functions from the training data and the imaging data.

US Pat. No. 10,338,177

MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING APPARATUS, MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING METHOD AND MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING SYSTEM

TOSHIBA MEDICAL SYSTEMS C...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) apparatus comprising:MRI system components including static and gradient magnetic field generators, at least one radio frequency (RF) coil, RF transmitter and receiver circuits and at least one controlling processor configured to:
execute (i) a first imaging scan acquiring data in a range including a target internal organ and (ii) a second imaging scan acquiring data for a diagnostic image by controlling execution of pulse sequences;
generate an image by using data acquired by the first imaging scan; and
derive (i) an imaging scan area, by image processing using the first scan image and a model image, in which data for the diagnostic image are to be acquired in the second imaging scan and (ii) a related area set associated with the imaging scan area in the second imaging scan.

US Pat. No. 10,338,176

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ACTUATION OF A MAGNETIC RESONANCE SCANNER FOR THE SIMULTANEOUS ACQUISITION OF MULTIPLE SLICES

Siemens Healthcare GmbH, ...

1. A method for acquiring magnetic resonance data, comprising:operating a magnetic resonance data acquisition scanner, while an object is situated therein, to implement a scan in which magnetic resonance raw data are acquired from the object, by simultaneously exciting different transverse magnetizations of nuclear spins respectively in a different slice in a plurality N slices of the object, with said different transverse magnetizations being simultaneously present in an entirety of each excited slice at least one time interval of said scan;
entering said magnetic resonance raw data for the entirety of each slice into an electronic memory at respective data entry points in said memory, as k-space data, said k-space data for the respective slices representing respectively different contrasts for the slices, due to said different magnetizations; and
from a processor having access to said electronic memory, making said k-space data available in electronic form as a data file.

US Pat. No. 10,338,174

ROBUST DUAL ECHO DIXON IMAGING WITH FLEXIBLE ECHO TIMES

The Board of Trustees of ...

1. A method for creating a first MRI image of an object in an MRI system indicating a first species and a second MRI image of the object indicating a second species, comprising:applying, through the MRI system, a radio frequency (RF) excitation of the object;
reading out through the MRI system a first echo from the object;
reading out through the MRI system a second echo of the object;
using the first echo readout to generate a first image set, with each image pixel of a plurality of image pixels being a first linear combination of the first species and the second species;
using the second echo readout to generate a second image set, with each image pixel being a second linear combination of the first species and the second species;
combining the first image set and second image set to obtain a first combined image containing only the first species and a second combined image containing only the second species, comprising:
combining the first image set and the second image set at each image pixel to generate two solution pairs at all of the image pixels of the plurality of pixels, wherein for each image pixel the two solution pairs have a first solution pair that represents the first species and the second species and a second solution pair that represents the first species and the second species, wherein at each image pixel the first species and second species are calculated together as a pair from the first image set and the second image set to yield the two solution pairs; and
using a mathematical optimization of an image region to choose for each image pixel either the first solution pair or the second solution pair that represents the first species and the second species for all of the image pixels.

US Pat. No. 10,338,172

POWER DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DRIVING A LOAD

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

12. A gradient amplifier system for driving a gradient coil in a magnetic resonance imaging device comprising:a gradient amplifier including a plurality of the power semiconductors for outputting a gradient current in response to a control signal;
a controller coupled to the gradient amplifier for controlling a current profile of the gradient current, wherein the controller determines the current profile of the gradient current to be a predetermined current profile if the junction temperature of the power semiconductors when outputting the predetermined current profile is less than the maximum junction temperature of the power semiconductors or an adjusted current profile if the junction temperature of the power semiconductors when outputting the predetermined current profile is equal to or higher than the maximum junction temperature of the power semiconductors, and wherein the adjusted current profile has an offset with respect to the predetermined current profile; and
a current injector coupled to the gradient amplifier and the controller for generating an offset current equal to the offset between the adjusted current profile and the predetermined current profile, wherein the offset current and the adjusted current profile are summed to generate the predetermined current profile to flow through the gradient coil if the gradient amplifier outputs the gradient current with the adjusted current profile.

US Pat. No. 10,338,169

TRANSMITTER DEVICE FOR A MAGNETIC RESONANCE SCANNER

1. A transmitter device for a magnetic resonance scanner, the transmitter device comprising:a transmitter that is arranged in spatial proximity to a transmission coil, the transmission coil being connected to the transmitter,
wherein the transmitter is configured as a high-frequency power source that is connected directly to the transmission coil,
wherein the high-frequency power source comprises a voltage source and a discrete ?/4 transformer,
wherein the voltage source comprises a clocked switching voltage source with a plurality of switching elements, the voltage source being fed from an alternating voltage source during operation of the transmitter device, and
wherein the plurality of switching elements of the clocked switching voltage source are controlled in a digital synchronous fashion during the operation of the transmitter device, as a result of which amplitude modulation is produced based on a timing pattern of actuation of the plurality of switching elements and a frequency of a switching clock.

US Pat. No. 10,338,168

MAGNETIC RESONANCE MEASUREMENT APPARATUS WITH SELECTIVE FREQUENCY CONVERSION OF TRANSMISSION AND/OR RECEPTION SIGNAL

JEOL Ltd., Tokyo (JP)

1. A magnetic resonance measurement apparatus comprising:a transmission signal generator that generates a radio frequency (RF) transmission signal; and
a reception signal processor that processes an RF reception signal; and
a controller that controls the transmission signal generator and the reception signal processor, the controller selecting a frequency conversion scheme when an observation frequency serving as a magnetic resonance frequency of an observation nucleus falls within a first frequency band, and selecting a non-conversion scheme when the observation frequency falls within a second frequency band which is lower than the first frequency band, wherein the observation nucleus is a nucleus of a sample substance under observation during a measurement of magnetic resonance of the nucleus of the sample substance,
wherein the transmission signal generator comprises:
an original signal generator circuit that:
generates a frequency conversion scheme signal when the frequency conversion scheme is selected, wherein a frequency of the frequency conversion scheme signal is a fixed frequency; and
generates a non-frequency conversion scheme signal when the non-conversion scheme is selected, wherein a frequency of the non-frequency conversion scheme signal is based on the observation nucleus, and
a transmission side frequency converter circuit that converts the frequency conversion scheme signal into the RF transmission signal when the frequency conversion scheme is selected.