US Pat. No. 10,338,001

POROUS DETECTION SYSTEM, APPARATUS AND METHOD

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. A system for detecting a porous object, comprising:a light emitting module configured for emitting light onto an object to be measured such that the light passes through a plurality of holes of the object;
a detecting module including:
a porous plate having a plurality of non-circular holes; and
a plurality of photosensitive units respectively corresponding to the non-circular holes,
wherein each of the non-circular holes of the porous plate corresponds to at most one of the holes of the object at one time point such that light passing from one of the holes of the object passes through one of the non-circular holes of the porous plate, the light passes through the non-circular holes of the porous plate corresponding to the holes of the object, and the photosensitive units sense luminous flux of the light passing through the non-circular holes of the porous plate to generate a luminous flux signal; and
an analyzing module configured for analyzing a status of the holes of the object corresponding to the non-circular holes of the porous plate based on the luminous flux signal generated by the photosensitive units.

US Pat. No. 10,338,000

FIBER SENSOR

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A sensor fiber comprising:An elongated, unsupported three-dimensional fiber body comprising an electrically insulating polymeric material, the fiber body having a fiber length and an outer fiber body surface along the fiber length, with at least one intake aperture disposed in the fiber body for accepting an intake species into the fiber body;
at least one transduction element comprising a chemiluminescent material disposed within the fiber body along at least a portion of the to fiber length and arranged for exposure to an intake species provided through an intake aperture in the fiber body, the chemiluminescent material emitting chemiluminescent light upon exposure to a target intake species with a wavelength of chemiluminescence indicative of the target intake species;
at least one photoconducting element comprising a semiconducting material arranged in the fiber body in optical communication with the transduction element to receive chemiluminescent light produced by the chemiluminescent material upon reaction of the chemiluminescent material with the target species to produce a corresponding electrical sensing signal indicative of the target intake species; and
at least one pair of electrically conducting electrodes in electrical connection with the photoconducting element in the fiber body, the pair of electrodes extending the fiber length to transmit the electrical sensing signal to an end of the fiber body.

US Pat. No. 10,337,999

REPLACEABLE DETECTION MODULE

MESO SCALE TECHNOLOGIES, ...

1. A detection module configured for placement and functional engagement with an apparatus for conducting luminescence assays in multi-well plates, said apparatus comprising one or more detection module engagement elements, said detection module is a replaceable unit disposed within a detection module housing, and wherein the following components are disposed within said housing:(a) a light detector; and
(b) a control board comprising
(i) a microcontroller,
(ii) motion control and communications electronics,
(iii) an external input/output connector, and
(iv) an internal input/output connector;
wherein said housing comprises one or more apparatus engagement elements configured to align and engage with said one or more detection module engagement elements.

US Pat. No. 10,337,998

PLASMA GENERATOR ASSEMBLY FOR MASS SPECTROSCOPY

Radom Corporation, West ...

1. A plasma unit for mass spectroscopy machines of a type providing a sampler cone having an aperture for receiving ionized sample material along an introduction axis therethrough, the plasma unit comprisinga dielectric annular ring having an axis aligned with the introduction axis;
a conductive shell defining a microwave cavity about the dielectric annular ring comprised of electrically joined cavity walls including sidewalls passing around the axis, a rear end wall joining a first edge of the sidewalls and a front end wall joining an opposite end of the sidewalls and completed by the sampler cone when the plasma unit is installed on the mass spectroscopy machine;
a microwave generator communicating with the microwave cavity through a first aperture in a side wall to excite the dielectric annular ring into resonance to produce an axially extending plasma; and
a sample introduction assembly passing through a second aperture in the rear end wall to inject the ionized sample material axially into the dielectric annular ring for ionization;
further including a support plate adapted to attach to the mass spectroscopy machine around the sampler cone, the support plate supporting the dielectric annular ring, conductive shell, microwave generator and sample introduction assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,337,997

SYSTEM FOR RAPID ASSESSMENT OF WATER QUALITY AND HARMFUL ALGAL BLOOM TOXINS

Woods Hole Oceanographic ...

1. A portable detection device for detecting and quantifying a target of interest while in an aquatic environment, comprising:a high-resolution optical system comprising a Raman spectroscopic assembly, disposed in a housing;
a lens with an image face and a defined focal length;
a target space, capable of at least temporarily accommodating at least one target to be detected, wherein the target space is configured in the device for free flow so as to allow said at least one target to enter and exit from any side of the target space; and
a power source, operably connected to said optical system;
wherein the Raman spectroscopic assembly receives light information from a target to provide a spectrum associated with the target, said spectrum is analyzed for defined Raman peaks, and the device is capable of operating in an aquatic environment.

US Pat. No. 10,337,996

LIDAR INSTRUMENT AND METHOD OF OPERATION

The United States of Amer...

1. A Lidar instrument to detect a biological signature or a non-biological signature in an extraterrestrial environment, comprising:a transceiver having a plurality of lasers operating at 266 nm, 355 nm, and 905 nm wavelengths, and emitting laser beams at an aerosol cloud of particles in the extraterrestrial environment; and
a plurality of telescopes coupled to instrument optics using optical fibers, and connected to a plurality of detectors;
wherein said laser beams excite said aerosol cloud to induce fluorescence and cause differential-wavelength elastic backscatter which produces data which is measured in real-time by said detectors to determine a type of material from the biological or non-biological signature of each of said particles, and a particle size of each of said particles;
wherein said detectors are photon-counting modules in both an ultraviolet wavelength range and a near-infrared wavelength range;
wherein each said 266 nm laser and said 355 nm laser includes a filter and a photo multiplier tube; and
wherein a filter and an avalanche photodiode are disposed with said 905 nm laser.

US Pat. No. 10,337,995

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR OBLIQUE LASER SCANNING

BOSTON MEDICAL CENTER COR...

18. An optical system for producing a three-dimensional image of a sample, the optical system comprising:a first electromagnetic radiation source configured to produce electromagnetic radiation in a first wavelength range;
a second electromagnetic radiation source configured to produce electromagnetic radiation in a second wavelength range;
one or more optical combination components configured to combine the electromagnetic radiation in the first wavelength range and the electromagnetic radiation in the second wavelength range, the combined electromagnetic radiation including a first portion of electromagnetic radiation in the first wavelength range and a second portion of electromagnetic radiation in the second wavelength range;
a first optical pathway disposed between the one or more optical combination components and the sample, the combined electromagnetic radiation from the one or more optical combination components configured to propagate along the first optical pathway in a first direction such that it is incident on the sample, the sample reflecting the first portion of the combined electromagnetic radiation to produce reflected electromagnetic radiation, the sample absorbing the second portion of the combined electromagnetic radiation and responsive to the absorption of the second portion of the combined electromagnetic radiation, the sample emitting electromagnetic radiation, the reflected electromagnetic radiation and the emitted electromagnetic radiation propagating along the first optical pathway in a second direction; and
an optical separation component disposed in the first optical pathway, the optical separation component directing the reflected electromagnetic radiation along a second optical pathway to a first image capture device and directing the emitted electromagnetic radiation along a third optical pathway to a second image capture device, the reflected electromagnetic radiation being indicative of structural properties of the sample, the emitted electromagnetic radiation being indicative of molecular properties of the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,337,994

SAMPLE LIQUID MEASURING DEVICE AND MEASURING METHOD

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A measuring device for a sample liquid comprising:a container which stores the sample liquid, the container comprising a transparent or translucent optical inclined surface to be brought into contact with the sample liquid;
an optical sensor provided on a bottom of the container and configured to detect a profile of intensity of light from the sample liquid; and
a measurement processor configured to measure a liquid height of the sample liquid based on a profile of intensity of a detected signal of the optical sensor,
wherein the transparent or translucent optical inclined surface comprises a lower end disposed within outer edges of the optical sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,337,993

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR FLUORESCENCE LIFETIME IMAGING WITH PERIODICALLY MODULATED LIGHT

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A method comprising:(a) illuminating a scene with amplitude-modulated light, in such a way that
(i) amplitude modulation of the light is periodic, and
(ii) frequency of the amplitude modulation is swept in a sweep;
(b) taking measurements, with a time-of-flight sensor, of light incident on the sensor, which incident light includes light that has reflected from the scene and includes fluorescent light that has been emitted by fluorescent material in the scene; and
(c) performing, with one or more computers, calculations that include, for each given pixel in a set of pixels in the time-of-flight sensor
(i) calculating a vector of complex numbers, in such a way that each of the complex numbers, respectively, encodes phase and amplitude of light incident at the given pixel and is calculated based on measurements taken by the given pixel at a given frequency of amplitude modulation of the sweep, which given frequency does not correspond to any other complex number in the vector, and
(ii) calculating, based on phase of the complex numbers, fluorescence lifetime of a scene point that corresponds to the given pixel;wherein the calculating of fluorescence lifetime, based on phase of the complex numbers, comprises computing a closed form solution according to Equation 7.

US Pat. No. 10,337,992

OPTICAL ASSURANCE CAP

Oetiker NY, Inc., Lancas...

1. A fluid connector assembly, comprising:a fluid connector including a first through-bore;
an optical assurance cap arranged on said fluid connector, said optical assurance cap including a second through-bore;
a tubular connector arranged in said first through-bore and secured to said fluid connector; and,
a tester tool, including:
a channel;
a light source; and,
a light sensor, said light source and said light sensor axially displaced from one another,
wherein said optical assurance cap is arranged in said channel of said tester tool.

US Pat. No. 10,337,991

CONTROL OF AMPLITUDE AND PHASE OF DIFFRACTION ORDERS USING POLARIZING TARGETS AND POLARIZED ILLUMINATION

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A method comprising:enhancing first order diffraction signals with respect to a zeroth order diffraction signal from a scatterometry target having a coarse pitch, by designing the scatterometry target and/or by configuring a metrology tool's optical system to yield a phase shift of 180° between zeroth order diffraction signals upon illumination of the scatterometry target; and
configuring the metrology tool's optical system to illuminate the scatterometry target by two perpendicularly-polarized illumination components and analyzing the diffraction signal at two perpendicular polarization directions that complement the two perpendicularly-polarized illumination components to cancel out the zeroth order diffraction signals.

US Pat. No. 10,337,990

IDENTIFYING PRESENCE OF SUBSTANCES

PERKINELMER SINGAPORE PTE...

1. A method for identifying the presence of at least one adulterant substance in a physical sample in connection with a spectrometer, the method comprising:receiving, by an analysis module of a spectrometer, a set of sample spectral data acquired for a sample, via the spectrometer;
receiving, by the analysis module, a set of reference spectral data;
receiving, by the analysis module, a plurality of sets of validation spectral data, each set for a respective validation example;
receiving, by the analysis module, a set of adulterant substance spectral data for said at least one adulterant substance;
determining, by a spectral data processor executing on the analysis module, sample residue data which is representative of a residue which would remain after performing a least squares fitting process between the sample spectral data and the reference spectral data;
determining, by the spectral data processor, modified sample residue data which is representative of a residue which would remain after performing a least squares fitting process between the sample spectral data, the reference spectral data and the adulterant substance spectral data;
for each validation example, determining, by the spectral data processor, validation residue data which is representative of a residue which would remain after performing a least squares fitting process between the validation spectral data for the respective example and the reference spectral data;
for each validation example, determining, by the spectral data processor, modified validation residue data which is representative of a residue which would remain after performing a least squares fitting process between the validation spectral data for the respective example, the reference spectral data and the adulterant substance spectral data;
performing, by the spectral data processor, at least one comparison amongst the sample residue data, the modified sample residue data, the validation residue data, and the modified validation residue data;
determining, by the spectral data processor, a likelihood value for the presence of said at least one adulterant substance in said sample in dependence on said at least one comparison; and
generating, by the analysis module using the likelihood value, a label for the adulterant substance indicating a likelihood that the adulterant substance is present in the physical sample.

US Pat. No. 10,337,989

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO DETECT VEHICLE EMISSIONS NONCOMPLIANCE

Opus Inspection, Inc., E...

1. A method of determining and evaluating vehicle emissions performance of in-use vehicles for compliance with emissions requirements, the method comprising:measuring the emissions of a plurality of vehicles using a vehicle emission remote sensing device during in-use operation of the plurality of vehicles to obtain a plurality of emission analysis results;
identifying the plurality of vehicles associated with the plurality of emission analysis results by vehicle make and model;
recording the plurality of emission analysis results based on vehicle make and model in a database to obtain a plurality of emission analysis results recorded based on vehicle make and model for at least one particular make and model; and
analyzing the plurality of emission analysis results by population for a particular make and model to evaluate the vehicle emission performance for the particular make and model by population.

US Pat. No. 10,337,988

DEVICE FOR MEASURING MOISTURE IN A GAS

Shimadzu Co., Kyoto (JP)...

1. A device for measuring moisture in a gas, said device comprising:a sample cell where gas to be measured is introduced;
a laser irradiation unit and a light reception unit disposed outside of said sample cell;
wherein said laser irradiation unit is configured to modulate light using frequency f and said light reception unit detects light after passing through the gas to be measured in said sample cell;
the detected signal by the light reception unit is synchronously detected using a frequency that is an integer-multiple of frequency f; and
concentration of moisture that is included in said gas to be measured is calculated based on the detected signal;
a modulation amplitude setting means for switchably setting the modulation amplitude between at least two types; and
a moisture calculation means for calculating moisture concentration in said sample cell based on detection signal that is obtained when a relatively small modulation amplitude is set by said modulation amplitude setting means and for calculating the concentration of interfering moisture present in the optical path space, excluding said sample cell, from said laser irradiation unit to said light reception unit based on the detection signal that is obtained when a relatively large modulation amplitude is set by said modulation amplitude setting means.

US Pat. No. 10,337,987

RADIAL-LINE SCANNING SPECTROMETER WITH TWO-DIMENSIONAL SENSOR

Canon U.S.A. , Inc., Mel...

1. An apparatus for spectrally encoded endoscopy (SEE) comprising:an illumination light guiding element configured to direct an illumination light beam towards a sample;
a detection light guiding element configured to collect a reflected light beam from the sample, wherein at least one of the illumination light guiding element and the detection light guiding element is configured to spectrally disperse the illumination light beam or the reflected light beam, respectively, into a spectrally encoded line;
a rotary element configured to rotate or oscillate the reflected light beam; and
a two-dimensional sensor, wherein the dispersed reflected light beam is guided from the rotary element to the two-dimensional sensor, such that the spectrally encoded line scans the two-dimensional sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,337,986

METHOD FOR OPTIMISATION OF DETECTION WAVELENGTHS FOR MULTI-GAS DETECTION

1. A method for optimising values of n detection wavelengths of an optical gas sensor configured to detect n different gases, the method comprising:a) calculating a value of a determinant of an absorptivity matrix ? whose coefficients represent spectral absorptivity of each of the n different gases at the n detection wavelengths, said calculating being repeated several times, each time modifying at least one of said n detection wavelengths so the values of said n detection wavelengths are comprised within a range of values for which the spectral absorptivity of at least one of then different gases is non-zero; and
b) determining the values of said n detection wavelengths for which the calculated value of the determinant of the absorptivity matrix ? corresponds to a maximum calculated value amongst a set of values calculated in step a).

US Pat. No. 10,337,985

MEASUREMENT METHOD AND MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

ARKRAY, Inc., Kyoto (JP)...

1. A measurement system for performing qualitative measurement and quantitative measurement of a measurement item of a biological sample, the measurement system comprising:a quantitative sample adjustment criterion storage configured to store a quantitative sample adjustment criterion corresponding to a qualitative measurement result in the qualitative measurement;
a qualitative measurer configured to acquire the qualitative measurement result of the measurement item by performing the qualitative measurement on the biological sample;
a determinator configured to determine a proper quantitative sample adjustment condition;
an adjustor configured to adjust the biological sample for use in the quantitative measurement; and
a quantitative measurer configured to acquire a quantitative measurement value of the measurement item by performing the quantitative measurement on the biological sample that is for use in the quantitative measurement and has been adjusted by the adjustor, wherein
the determinator is configured to determine a dilution factor of the biological sample by referring to the quantitative sample adjustment criterion based on the qualitative measurement result to determine necessity to change the dilution factor of the biological sample, and
the adjustor is configured to adjust the biological sample for use in the quantitative measurement based on the dilution factor of the biological sample determined by the determinator.

US Pat. No. 10,337,984

SPECTROSCOPIC MEASUREMENTS WITH PARALLEL ARRAY DETECTOR

NUEON, INC., Los Altos, ...

1. An apparatus to measure a sample, the apparatus comprising:an area array detector to measure a plurality of spectra of the sample, the area array detector comprising a plurality of detector elements;
a light source to illuminate the sample with a light beam, the light source comprising a tunable laser to selectively transmit each of a plurality of wavelengths of light of a laser beam along an optical path extending to the area array detector;
a support to receive the sample;
imaging optics configured to image light from the sample on the support onto the area array detector; and
a processor comprising a tangible medium coupled to the area array detector and the light source and comprising instructions to measure each of the plurality of detector elements for each of the plurality of wavelengths in order to determine an amount of light energy absorbed with the sample for said each of the plurality of detector elements and said each of the plurality of wavelengths;
wherein integration times of said each of the plurality of detector elements overlap for said each of the plurality of wavelengths such that a plurality of infrared absorbance spectra are measured in parallel.

US Pat. No. 10,337,983

MODULE, DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPTICAL MEASUREMENT

Taiwan Biophotonic Corpor...

1. An optical measurement module comprising:a light source that emits an original light beam, wherein the original light beam is monochromatic polarized light;
a collimator that converges the original light beam into a collimated light beam;
a first beam splitter that directs the collimated light beam to an analyte, wherein the analyte transforms the collimated light beam into a measurement light beam;
a second beam splitter, that receives a first part of the measurement light beam via the first beam splitter and divides the first part of the measurement light beam into a first detection light beam and a second detection light beam;
a first light receiving module that detects the first detection light beam and comprises a mechanical rotator; and
a second light receiving module that detects the second detection light beam.

US Pat. No. 10,337,982

BINDING ASSAY SIGNAL ANALYSIS

Biosurfit, S.A., Aveiro ...

1. A system for determining a sample concentration of target entities in a sample, comprising:an assay assembly having a plurality of assay areas connected in series such that a sample flowing through the assay assembly flows past each assay area in sequence, and wherein each assay area comprises a plurality of probe entities immobilized at a surface of the assay area, the probe entities being arranged to bind to the target entities in the sample, such that the concentration of the target entities is depleted as the sample flows from one of the assay areas to the next; and
a processor arranged to model assay data, wherein assay data comprises data points of respective local measurements indicative of a local concentration of the target entities at each of a plurality of assay areas of an assay assembly, wherein the assay areas are connected in series such that a sample flowing through the assay assembly flows past each assay area in sequence, wherein the processor:
obtains the assay data;
models the assay data with a parameterized function, wherein the parameterized function is a logistic function that is proportional to

wherein DPmax and Shape are fixed parameters of the assay assembly, Offset is a parameter dependent on a sample target concentration, and DZi is a quantity indicating the position of the respective assay area, i, in a sample flow sequence; and
determines a value related to the sample concentration based on the Offset parameter, whereby the value related to the sample concentration allows the sample concentration of target entities in the sample to be determined.

US Pat. No. 10,337,981

LOW VOLUME MULTIPASS CELL

TEKNOLOGIAN TUTKIMUSKESKU...

1. A multipass cell, comprising:a body;
a cavity formed within the body;
at least a first channel configured to allow a beam to enter the cavity;
a first concave spherical, toroidal or cylindrical mirror at a first end of the cavity; and
a second concave spherical, toroidal or cylindrical mirror at the opposite end of the cavity; wherein
the first mirror and the second mirror are configured to reflect a beam entering the cavity just outside an outer edge of the first or the second mirror a predetermined number of times so that the beam propagates substantially in a single plane between the first and the second mirror, and wherein the first mirror and the second mirror are positioned in such a way that the beam is focused between the first and the second mirror.

US Pat. No. 10,337,980

ANALYTE SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING HEMOGLOBIN PARAMETERS IN WHOLE BLOOD

1. A replaceable cuvette assembly capable of installation in an optical absorbance measurement system for measuring whole-blood hemoglobin parameters or whole-blood bilirubin parameters, the cuvette assembly comprising:a cuvette substrate; and
a cuvette module fixedly connected to the cuvette substrate;
wherein the cuvette substrate is a support for securing the cuvette assembly within the optical absorbance measurement system, the cuvette module having:
a sample inlet port,
a sample outlet port,
an electronic chip assembly,
a sample receiving chamber that fluidly communicates with the sample inlet port and the sample outlet port,
a first cuvette window, and
a second cuvette window forming a portion of the sample receiving chamber;
wherein the first cuvette window and the second cuvette window are aligned with each other, thereby defining a cuvette optical path length between the first cuvette window and the second cuvette window;
wherein the cuvette module includes a cuvette first portion and a cuvette second portion bonded to each other and thereby form the sample receiving chamber; and
wherein the first cuvette window and the second cuvette window are disposed within an optical path of the optical absorbance measurement system.

US Pat. No. 10,337,979

DEVICE FOR HOLDING A COUPON AND COLLECTING A SAMPLE OF A FLUID

1. A device for holding a coupon and collecting a sample of a fluid, wherein the device is for use in a pipeline, and wherein the device comprises:a. a filter housing comprising a cavity;
b. a coupon operatively disposed within the cavity;
c. a screen aligned with the coupon to prevent solids from contacting the coupon;
d. a filter cap connected with a first end of the screen;
e. a filter base adapter connected with a second end of the screen, wherein the filter base adapter is also connected with an end of the coupon;
f. a filter screen on a first housing end;
g. a retainer connected with the first housing end, wherein the retainer does not comprise an opening through the retainer, the retainer is configured to keep the filter screen in an operative position on the first housing end, and the retainer is sealed closed with the first housing end; and
h. a sediment plug connected with a second housing end, wherein the sediment plug is configured to connect with the filter base adapter.

US Pat. No. 10,337,978

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING THE LOCATION OF AN INTERFACE OF INTEREST, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM

ROCSOLE LTD, Kuopio (FI)...

1. A method for determining the location of an interface of interest, in a target domain, between a free volume of a flowable material and a solid material limiting said free volume, the method comprising the steps of:providing a mathematical model of the target domain determining, for a plurality of pairs of electrode groups, the electrodes of the electrode groups being arranged in capacitance measurement connection with the target domain and supported by a solid support body having a boundary surface in the target domain, a characteristic electrical quantity proportional to the capacitance of a capacitor formed by a pair of electrode groups;
receiving measurements of the characteristic electrical quantity for a plurality of pairs of electrode groups;
adjusting the mathematical model so as to reduce the differences between the measured characteristic electrical quantity values and those determined by the mathematical model; and
determining the location of the interface of interest between the free volume of the flowable material and the solid material limiting said free volume on the basis of the adjusted mathematical model;
wherein the step of adjusting the mathematical model comprises varying the location of the boundary surface in order to take into account, in determining the location of the interface of interest between the free volume of the flowable material and the solid material limiting said free volume, wear of the boundary surface.

US Pat. No. 10,337,977

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR GLASS PARTICLE DETECTION

CORNING INCORPORATED, Co...

1. A glass particle detection system, comprising:a light source configured to emit a light beam into a cylindrical glass article when the cylindrical glass article is imaged by the glass particle detection system, the light beam being directed along a beam propagation axis that is perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the cylindrical glass article;
a polarizer positioned between the light source and the cylindrical glass article;
a camera configured to capture an image of the light beam reflected from the cylindrical glass article, an optical axis of the camera being perpendicular to the beam propagation axis of the light source;
an analyzer positioned between the cylindrical glass article and the camera; and
a computing device communicatively coupled to the camera, the computing device comprising at least one processor and at least one memory storing computer readable and executable instructions that, when executed by the at least one processor, cause the computing device to:
determine boundaries of an inner wall and an outer wall of the cylindrical glass article based on the captured image;
determine a region of interest based on the boundaries; and
determine whether a particle is present within the region of interest.

US Pat. No. 10,337,976

MICROANALYSIS CHIP

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A microanalysis chip comprising:a substrate having a top surface;
a flow channel provided on a top surface side of the substrate and extending downward into the substrate, said flow channel being configured to have a sample liquid flow therethrough;
a bank formed on the top surface of the substrate and extending upward from the top surface of the substrate, said bank forming a wall enclosing an area of the top surface of the substrate; and
a reservoir for storing the sample liquid, the reservoir being formed by the wall of the bank and comprising: a liquid introduction inlet provided on the top surface of the substrate in the bank for connection to an end of the flow channel, and a linear groove provided inside the bank at a bottom surface of the reservoir, the groove being connected to the liquid introduction inlet.

US Pat. No. 10,337,975

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CHARACTERIZING PARTICLES USING A FLOW CYTOMETER

Deutsches Rheuma-Forschun...

1. A method for characterizing particles using a flow cytometer comprising:a. passing of one or more particles in a fluid stream through a light beam of the flow cytometer,
b. detecting radiated light as one or more particles pass through the light beam,
c. generating a waveform which is a digital representation of the detected radiated light, and
d. transforming said waveform by applying one or more basis functions and obtaining one or more coefficients characterizing the waveform, wherein transforming said waveform comprises:
transforming the waveform by a wavelet transformation using one or more wavelets as the one more basis functions and obtaining one or more wavelet coefficients characterizing the waveform, or
transforming the waveform by a Fourier transformation using one or more sine functions, one or more cosine functions, or a combination of sine and cosine functions as the one or more basis functions and obtaining one or more Fourier coefficients characterizing the waveform, and
e. assigning a physical or biological property to the one or more particles based on the one or more wavelet or Fourier coefficients characterizing the waveform.

US Pat. No. 10,337,974

PARTICULATE MATTER DETECTION SENSOR

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A particulate matter detection sensor comprising:an element part capable of detecting an amount of particulate matter contained in exhaust gas emitted from an internal combustion engine;
a deposition part formed in the element part capable of collecting some of the particulate matter contained in exhaust gas; and
at least a pair of detection electrodes formed on the deposition part, the pair of detection electrodes facing with each other at a predetermined interval,
wherein the particulate matter detection sensor is configured to change an output electrical signal due to electrical properties between the pair of the detection electrodes when the particulate matter are deposited on the deposition part,
the deposition part comprises a concave collection part formed in a concave shape, the concave collection part comprises a pair of a first detection surface and a second detection surface arranged adjacently with each other in an adjacent direction which is perpendicular to a depth direction of the concave collection part, and a component of a normal vector of each of the first detection surface and the second direction surface in the adjacent direction is in a reverse direction with each other,
when observed from the depth direction of the concave collection part, each of the pair of detection electrodes extends from the first detection surface toward the second detection surface along the adjacent direction, and
the pair of detection electrodes are arranged to face with each other in an orthogonal direction which is perpendicular to the adjacent direction and the depth direction.

US Pat. No. 10,337,973

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ESTIMATING EMPIRICAL SNOW DEPTH

Korea Meteorological Admi...

4. A method for estimating a snow depth by a system comprising an optical disdrometer, a laser snow depth gauge, an estimated snow depth equation calculator, and a snow depth estimator, the estimated snow depth equation calculator being connected to the optical disdrometer, the laser snow depth gauge, and the snow depth estimator respectively, the method comprising the steps of:acquiring, by the optical disdrometer, information on diameters of snow particles and particle number concentration and, by the laser snow depth gauge, an observed snow depth;
determining, by the estimated snow depth equation calculator, an optimal index for the diameters of the snow particles provided by the optical disdrometer;
substituting, by the estimated snow depth equation calculator, the optimal index for a snow depth calculation equation as a third mathematical equation to calculate a computed snow depth and obtaining correlation between the observed snow depth and the computed snow depth;
calculating, by the estimated snow depth equation calculator, a regression equation between the observed snow depth and the computed snow depth as an estimated snow depth equation; and
estimating, by the snow depth estimator, the snow depth on the basis of the estimated snow depth equation,
and the third mathematical equation,

wherein Mn indicates a computed snow depth, Dmax a maximum diameter size, Dmin a minimum diameter size, D a diameter per volume, n an index for diameter, and N(D) a particle number concentration by diameter size.

US Pat. No. 10,337,972

HIGH-SPEED RHEOMETER

TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY, Bei...

1. A rheometer comprising:a base;
a driving device disposed on the base;
a lower sample assembly connected with the driving device and being rotatable under the driving of the driving device, fluid to be tested being disposed on the lower sample assembly;
an upper sample assembly disposed above the lower sample assembly and adapted to contact with the fluid to be tested, the upper sample assembly being rotatable under the driving of the fluid;
a torsion bar disposed on the upper sample assembly and being torsional upon the rotation of the upper sample assembly; and
an optical torque measuring assembly configured to measure a torsion angle of the torsion bar so as to obtain a torque generated during shearing the fluid to be tested;
wherein the optical torque measuring assembly comprises:
a prism coaxially disposed on the torsion bar;
a light source configured to emit light toward a side surface of the prism to form first reflected light; and
a four-quadrant detector configured to receive the first reflected light.

US Pat. No. 10,337,971

CONDITION-BASED MONITORING FOR MATERIALS IN WELLBORE APPLICATIONS

Hydril USA Distribution, ...

1. A method for analyzing material wear in a hydrocarbon production environment, the method comprising the steps of:preparing a sample of material to be disposed proximate the hydrocarbon production environment;
selecting a placement location for the sample of material, wherein the placement location is in fluid communication with a fluid flow for which impact of the fluid flow on the sample of material is to be tested;
placing the sample of material in a monitoring vessel with openings for the fluid flow;
applying a preload of tension to the sample of material within the monitoring vessel to correlate strength reductions in the sample of material due to the hydrocarbon production environment;
disposing the monitoring vessel in the placement location for a pre-determined amount of time;
retrieving the sample of material from the placement location after the pre-determined amount of time has passed; and
analyzing the sample of material for wear caused by the hydrocarbon production environment.

US Pat. No. 10,337,970

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR IN-SITU TESTING IMPACT STRENGTH OF MICRO-STRUCTURE

PEKING UNIVERSITY, Beiji...

1. An apparatus for in-situ testing impact strength of a micro-structure, comprising:a flexible beam, one end of which being fixed;
an impact mass block disposed at the other end of the flexible beam and configured to exert an impact on the micro-structure; and
a locking member comprising a beam arm and a plurality of locking teeth, wherein the beam arm is perpendicular to the flexible beam and one end of the beam arm is fixed, and wherein the plurality of locking teeth are distributed at intervals along the beam arm, such that the other end of the flexible beam is engaged to one of the plurality of locking teeth when the flexible beam is loaded.

US Pat. No. 10,337,969

HIGH SPEED VACUUM CYCLING EXCITATION SYSTEM FOR OPTICAL INSPECTION SYSTEMS

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. A vacuum system for inspecting a workpiece, the vacuum system comprising:a housing defining at least a portion of a vacuum chamber;
a piston within the housing, wherein the piston is configured to oscillate, thereby varying a chamber volume of the vacuum chamber;
a first valve in fluid communication with the vacuum chamber, wherein the first valve comprises a first or open position that permits an intake of a gas into the vacuum chamber and an exhaust of the gas out of the vacuum chamber through the first valve, and a second closed position that prevents an intake of the gas into the vacuum chamber and an exhaust of the gas out of the vacuum chamber through the first valve;
a second valve in fluid communication with the vacuum chamber, wherein the second valve comprises an open position that permits an intake of the gas into the vacuum chamber and an exhaust of the gas out of the vacuum chamber through the second valve, and a closed position that prevents an intake of the gas into the vacuum chamber and an exhaust of the gas out of the vacuum chamber through the second valve; and
a hood in fluid communication with the second valve and the vacuum chamber, wherein the second valve, in the open position, permits a flow of the gas between the vacuum chamber and the hood and, in the closed position, prevents a flow of the gas between the vacuum chamber and the hood through the second valve,
wherein the piston, the first valve, and the second valve are cooperatively configured to:
increase a vacuum pressure applied to a surface of the workpiece from an atmospheric pressure to a first vacuum pressure; then
decrease the vacuum pressure applied to the surface of the workpiece to a second vacuum pressure that is lower than the first vacuum pressure; then
increase the vacuum pressure applied to the surface of the workpiece to a third vacuum pressure that is higher than the first vacuum pressure without returning the vacuum pressure applied to the surface of the workpiece to the atmospheric pressure until the inspecting, or a portion of the inspecting, has been completed.

US Pat. No. 10,337,968

AUTOMATIC REDUCTION APPARATUS FOR PRE-TREATING SAMPLE FOR RADIOCARBON DATING

KOREA INSTITUTE OF GEOSCI...

1. An automatic reduction apparatus for pre-treating a sample for radiocarbon dating, comprising:a carbon dioxide collector; and
a reduction reactor to reduce carbon dioxide collected by the carbon dioxide collector to graphite and fluidically connected to the carbon dioxide collector,
wherein the reduction reactor comprises
a reaction container;
a reacting furnace in which the reaction container is received and configured to supply heat to the reaction container; and
a heat blocking curtain disposed between
the reaction furnace and the reaction container,
and a carbon dioxide trap; and
wherein the carbon dioxide collector includes:
the carbon dioxide trap to solidify carbon dioxide gas, wherein the carbon dioxide trap is connected to the reaction container;
a liquid nitrogen container to cool the carbon dioxide trap, wherein the carbon dioxide trap is received in the liquid nitrogen container; and
a liquid nitrogen injector fluidically connected to the liquid nitrogen container to inject liquid nitrogen into the liquid nitrogen container.

US Pat. No. 10,337,967

MAGNETIC BASE FOR COLLECTION AND RELEASE OF PARAMAGNETIC PARTICLES

SALUS DISCOVERY LLC, Mon...

1. A magnetic base for a sample plate of a sample processing system, the magnetic base comprising:a first plate comprising
a first top surface;
a bottom surface; and
a sample plate mounting cavity wall mounted to the first top surface, wherein the first plate and the sample plate mounting cavity wall define a sample plate mounting cavity configured to accommodate a sample plate of a sample processing system, the sample plate comprising a plurality of wells arranged parallel to the first plate; and
a second plate extending parallel to the first plate, the second plate comprising
a second top surface; and
a magnet mounting cavity wall extending between the bottom surface of the first plate and the second top surface of the second plate, wherein the first plate, the second plate, and the magnet mounting cavity wall define a magnet mounting cavity comprising a free floating magnet
wherein the dimensions of the magnet mounting cavity are such that the free floating magnet is able to translate within the magnet mounting cavity, relative to the first and second plates, in a direction parallel to the first and second plates, to be positioned directly under two or more wells of the plurality of wells.

US Pat. No. 10,337,966

DATA LOGGING APPARATUS

LSIS CO., LTD., Anyang-s...

1. A data logging apparatus connected between a first apparatus and a second apparatus, the data logging apparatus comprising:a storage unit configured to store communications data transmitted/received between the first apparatus and the second apparatus as log data, wherein the communications data includes communications messages and I/O signals,
wherein the storage unit is coupled to a first terminal that receives communications messages from the first apparatus, and a second terminal that receives I/O signals from the first apparatus,
wherein the data logging apparatus includes a third terminal that transmits communications messages to the second apparatus, and a fourth terminal that transmits I/O signals to the second apparatus,
wherein the storage unit is in parallel with the first terminal and the third terminal, and the storage unit is in parallel with the second terminal and the fourth terminal; and
a determination unit configured to set a criterion range, determine whether an event occurs in the first apparatus based on the communications data and, if it is determined that an event has occurred, to store log data within a time period from a predetermined log start time to a predetermined log end time with respect to an event occurrence time in the storage unit as event data,
wherein the determination unit sets different criterion ranges to determine whether an event occurs for different types of communications data containing the communications messages and the I/O signals, and determines that an event has occurred if the communications data is out of the criterion ranges,
a measurement unit located in a housing of the first apparatus and communicably connected to the data logging apparatus, configured to measure a temperature value and/or a vibration value of the first apparatus, wherein the communications data is the temperature value or the vibration value measured by the measurement unit.

US Pat. No. 10,337,965

FT DIAGRAM CREATION ASSISTANCE DEVICE AND FT DIAGRAM CREATION ASSISTANCE METHOD

JATCO LTD, Fuji-Shi (JP)...

1. A fault tree (FT) diagram creation assistance device, comprising:a processor and a memory coupled to the processor, the memory being configured to store vehicle data received from a vehicle,
the processor comprising
an event classification unit programmed to classify an event experienced by the vehicle as one of (1) a vehicle hardware fault or (2) a vehicle system fault which is not the vehicle hardware fault, and to determine an expansion procedure in response to the classification of an event as a vehicle hardware fault and to the classification of an event as a vehicle system fault;
an expansion result examination unit programmed to
perform expansion result examination in accordance with the event being classified as the one of the vehicle hardware fault or the vehicle system fault, and
when the event is classified as the vehicle hardware fault, automatically expand the event into lower events based on an input received by the processor, acquire a physical quantity of the event and physical quantities of the lower events, and determine whether the event is expanded properly or not based on one or more relationships between the physical quantity of the event and the physical quantities of the lower events; and
an event expansion unit programmed to
perform event expansion in accordance with the event being classified as the one of the vehicle hardware fault or the vehicle system fault, and
when the event is classified as the vehicle system fault, create a block diagram of the vehicle system based on the input received by the processor, and automatically expand the event into the lower events based on one or more input/output relationships in the block diagram of the vehicle system,
wherein the processor is programmed to edit the block diagram in response to an input received by the processor so as to modify contents of the block diagram.

US Pat. No. 10,337,964

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MONITORING, INFERRING STATE OF HEALTH, AND OPTIMIZING EFFICIENCY OF REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS

KLATU Networks, Inc., Po...

1. A method of monitoring operational efficiency of a refrigeration system, comprising:configuring a controller to collect data from one or more sensors, wherein the controller is located outside a cooled compartment of a monitored refrigeration system and communicatively coupled to the one or more sensors;
receiving a plurality of measurements obtained by at least one sensor of the one or more sensors from an electric circuit providing power to the monitored refrigeration system, wherein the plurality of measurements is received from the controller over a connection established through a communication network, and wherein the plurality of measurements includes periodic measurements of current in a circuit that feeds the monitored refrigeration system over a period of time sufficient to characterize current usage during a plurality of temperature cycles within the cooled compartment of the monitored refrigeration system;
determining a plurality of current usage cycles from the plurality of measurements, wherein each of the plurality of current usage cycles is indicative of electrical current consumed by a compressor of the monitored refrigeration system during the temperature cycle; and
determining whether a failure or loss of energy efficiency of the monitored refrigeration system is predicted based on a trend detected in the plurality of current usage cycles that relate to variation from a nominal current usage cycle obtained by measuring current used by a nominally operating refrigeration system over a corresponding temperature cycle and a change in duty cycle in the plurality of current usage cycles.

US Pat. No. 10,337,963

APPARATUSES AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS OF A FLEXIBLE SURFACE

Hill-Rom Services, Inc., ...

1. A method for determining a characteristic of a flexible surface, the method comprising:providing a test device at least part of which having a bottom area and side area, the test device comprising a plurality of sensing points extending from the bottom upwardly toward the side, wherein the test device has a substantially hemispherical shape and the sensing points are arranged on the substantially hemispherical shape in a plurality of spaced, parallel rings that are centered on a radius of the hemispherical shape passing through an apex of the substantially hemispherical shape with at least two sensing points being arranged on each concentric ring;
pressing the test device into a flexible surface;
measuring pressures at the sensing points; and
determining an envelopment parameter of the surface based on the pressures, wherein the determining operation comprises:
determining a contact area of the test device using the sensing points, and the immersed area of the test device using a distance that the test device has been pressed into the flexible surface.

US Pat. No. 10,337,962

VISIBLE AUDIOVISUAL ANNOTATION OF INFRARED IMAGES USING A SEPARATE WIRELESS MOBILE DEVICE

Fluke Corporation, Evere...

1. A method for annotating an infrared image, comprising:storing in a folder an infrared image of an asset captured by an infrared device that is not able to capture visible light still and video images and sound recordings, wherein the infrared image is stored in the folder with one or more tags associated with the asset;
receiving auxiliary information from a non-infrared device that is separate from the infrared device, wherein the auxiliary information has at least one tag corresponding to a tag associated with the asset, and wherein the auxiliary information is at least one of a visible light still or video image, or a sound recording;
operating a collocation program that sorts the auxiliary information received from the separate non-infrared device and, based on the at least one tag, stores the auxiliary information in the same folder with the infrared image;
generating an annotated infrared image by adding the infrared image one or more icons representative of types of the auxiliary information stored in the folder, wherein the one or more icons are symbols representative of still images, sound recordings, and video images, respectively;
storing the annotated infrared image; and
displaying to a user the annotated infrared image of the asset annotated with the one or more icons representative of the types of the auxiliary information stored in the folder.

US Pat. No. 10,337,961

METHOD OF ANALYZING RADIAL FORCE VARIATION IN A TIRE/WHEEL ASSEMBLY

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of controlling a variation of a radial force of a tire and wheel assembly, including a tire mounted on a wheel for use in a vehicle, the method comprising:selecting a harmonic order of the assembly;
measuring a first amplitude of the selected harmonic order of the variation of the radial force of the tire and wheel assembly, with a radial force variation machine;
locating a first angular location of the selected harmonic order of the variation of the radial force of the tire and wheel assembly, with the radial force variation machine;
locating a second angular location, wherein the second angular location is an angular location of a tire of the tire and wheel assembly indicating a phase of the selected harmonic order of a radial force variation of the tire having a second amplitude of the selected harmonic order;
locating a third angular location, wherein the third angular location is an angular location of a wheel runout factor of the tire and wheel assembly indicating a phase of the selected harmonic order of the wheel runout factor, having a third amplitude of the selected harmonic order;
calculating at least one of a sum of a tire force metric and a wheel force metric, or a remaining force metric, wherein the sum of the tire force metric and the wheel force metric, and the remaining force metric, are calculated using at least two of the pairs of the first amplitude and the first angular location, the second amplitude and the second angular location, and the third amplitude and the third angular location;
analyzing the sum of the tire force metric and the wheel force metric, and the remaining force metric, to identify at least one variable contributing to the variation of the radial force of the tire and wheel assembly; and
mounting a tire similar to the tire of the tire and wheel assembly on a wheel similar to the wheel of the tire and wheel assembly in an orientation relative to each other based on the identified at least one variable to reduce radial force variation.

US Pat. No. 10,337,960

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR FAST INSPECTING VEHICLE BASED ON MEASURED LENGTHS

NUCTECH COMPANY LIMITED, ...

1. A system for fast inspecting a vehicle, comprising:a radiation imaging device comprising a radiation-ray source configured to emit a beam of radiation rays for inspecting a subject vehicle; a detector configured to detect radiation rays; and a processor configured to form an image according to signals of the radiation rays detected by the detector;
a length measuring device configured to measure a first length and a second length of the subject vehicle when the subject vehicle enters an inspection region; and
a controlling device configured to determine whether the first length is larger than or equal to a preset first length threshold and the second length is larger than or equal to a preset second length threshold; if the first length is larger than or equal to the first length threshold and the second length is larger than or equal to the second length threshold, determine whether a gap portion of the subject vehicle between a first portion and a second portion of the subject vehicle appears in a beam emitting region formed by the beam of radiation rays; and when the gap portion appears at a finishing position of the beam emitting region, control the radiation imaging device to emit a beam of radiation rays of a first radiation dose to the subject vehicle according to the gap portion, wherein the subject vehicle moves with respect to the length measuring device.

US Pat. No. 10,337,959

SYSTEM, METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MAKING EVIDENT DIESEL EXHAUST FLUID CONTAMINATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for use with a diesel exhaust fluid comprising:a diesel exhaust fluid container having an opening; and
a reactive device contacting received diesel exhaust fluid, the reactive device changing to a second state upon exposure to one or more liquid components, the reactive device remaining in a first, not reacted state upon exposure to diesel exhaust fluid containing urea and water.

US Pat. No. 10,337,958

BEARING DEVICE VIBRATION ANALYSIS METHOD, BEARING DEVICE VIBRATION ANALYZER, AND ROLLING BEARING CONDITION MONITORING SYSTEM

NTN CORPORATION, Osaka (...

1. A bearing device vibration analysis and monitoring method for analyzing, by a computer simulation, vibration of a bearing device including a rolling bearing and a housing of the rolling bearing, and monitoring for abnormalities, the method comprising the steps of:receiving input data, from an input unit, about a shape of damage of a contact portion where a rolling element and a raceway surface of a damaged rolling bearing contact each other;
calculating a history of an exciting force of said damaged rolling bearing, the history of the exciting force occurring to said damaged rolling bearing due to said damage when a rotational shaft of said rolling bearing is rotated;
calculating a vibration characteristics model of said bearing device, the vibration characteristics model representing vibration characteristics of said bearing device;
calculating a vibration waveform at a predetermined position on said bearing device by applying to said vibration characteristics model the history of the exciting force calculated in said step of calculating a history of an exciting force, where said history of the exciting force is applied to at least one point on a central axis of a rotational ring of said rolling bearing in said vibration characteristics model;
calculating a predetermined threshold value corresponding to an abnormal rolling bearing, based on the calculated vibration waveform;
monitoring, with a vibration sensor, a vibration of the bearing device;
determining that a rolling bearing of the bearing device is abnormal when a magnitude of the monitored vibration exceeds the predetermined threshold value; and
outputting, with an output unit, the determination that the rolling bearing of the bearing device is abnormal.

US Pat. No. 10,337,957

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ANALYSING THE CONDITION OF A MACHINE HAVING A ROTATING PART

S.P.M. Instrument AB, St...

1. A method for detecting an operating condition of a machine including a bearing associated with a shaft that rotates at a variable speed, the method comprising:generating, by way of a position sensor applied to the machine, a position signal including position signal values indicative of a rotational position of the shaft;
generating, by way of a vibration sensor applied to the machine, an analogue measurement signal responsive to mechanical vibrations emanating from the bearing during rotation of the shaft, said analogue measurement signal including a first vibration signal component dependent on said mechanical vibration, wherein the first vibration signal component includes a repetition frequency which depends on a speed of rotation of the shaft;
sampling, by way of an analogue-to-digital converter, said analogue measurement signal;
generating, from said sampling, a digital measurement data signal having a first sampling frequency;
enveloping said digital measurement data signal, thereby generating an enveloped digital measurement data signal;
recording a first time sequence of measurement sample values of said enveloped digital measurement data signal in a memory;
recording a second time sequence of at least three consecutive position signal values of said position signal in said memory;
generating a first momentary speed value based on a first recorded position signal value and a second recorded position signal value;
recording the first momentary speed value in said memory so that the first momentary speed value is assigned to a first recorded measurement sample value between the first recorded position signal value and the second recorded position signal value;
generating a second momentary speed value based on the second recorded position signal value and a third recorded position signal value;
recording the second momentary speed value in said memory so that the second momentary speed value is assigned to a second recorded measurement sample value between the second recorded position signal value and the third recorded position signal value;
generating a value indicative of a speed change based on a difference between said second momentary speed value and said first momentary speed value;
generating, by interpolation, a first interpolated speed value indicative of a momentary speed of rotation of said shaft based on:
said first momentary speed value,
said value indicative of the speed change, and
a time value, wherein said time value corresponds to a duration between said first recorded measurement sample value and a third recorded measurement sample value;
wherein the generated first interpolated speed value is indicative of the rotational speed the shaft at a moment of detection of said third recorded measurement sample value;
decimating said first time sequence of recorded measurement sample values based on said first interpolated speed value and based on further interpolates speed values, thereby generating a decimated enveloped digital measurement signal having a reduced sampling frequency;
detecting incipient damage based on said decimated enveloped digital measurement signal; and
outputting an indication of said operating condition based on the detected incipient damage.

US Pat. No. 10,337,954

VEHICLE HEADLAMP WITH LASER FOR ALIGNMENT OF PROJECTED BEAM PATTERN, AND METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle headlamp comprising:a housing;
one or more lamps located in the housing;
a beam alignment light source positioned in the housing and configured to aid in alignment of the one or more lamps;
a light source aperture positioned in-line with a travel path of light emitted from the beam alignment light source, the light source aperture equipped with an image filter; and
a beam alignment mechanism operably coupled to the housing and configured to adjust the direction of light from at least one of the one or more lamps.

US Pat. No. 10,337,953

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING SURFACE DATA AND/OR MEASUREMENT DATA RELATING TO A SURFACE OF AN AT LEAST PARTIALLY TRANSPARENT OBJECT

16. An apparatus for determining data relating to a surface of an at least partially transparent object, in particular a spectacle lens, comprising:at least one illumination device;
a polarizer having an irradiation polarization arranged on an optical axis after or as part of the at least one illumination device;
a holder for the object;
at least one receiving device receiving light that is reflected from the object; and
an analyzer having an analysis polarization and being arranged on an optical axis before or as part of the receiving device,
wherein an undesirable light intensity reflected by the first or second surface and received by the receiving device is at least partially suppressed through setting of the irradiation polarization of the polarizer or the analysis polarization of the analyzer.

US Pat. No. 10,337,952

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ICING FLIGHT TESTS

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method of evaluating an aircraft's performance under icing conditions, comprising:creating a set of artificial ice sections, the ice sections being configured for sequential adjacent attachment to a surface of an aircraft to form an artificial ice component that simulates ice accretion, each ice section being marked to indicate a specific mounting location relative to other ice sections in the set;
attaching the set of artificial ice sections to the surface of the aircraft via a double-sided adhesive system;
flight testing the aircraft to evaluate the aircraft's performance; and
removing the ice sections from the aircraft by disrupting the adhesive system.

US Pat. No. 10,337,951

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ASSESSING PLANT STEM STRENGTH

1. A testing apparatus comprising:a base;
a support pivotable about a hinge with respect to the base, the support is directly coupled to the base by the hinge;
a contact element adjustably engaged with the support;
a force gauge associated with the contact element; and
a displacement sensor associated with the hinge and configured to detect angular displacement of the support.

US Pat. No. 10,337,950

COOLANT LEAK DETECTION BASED ON A NANOSENSOR RESISTANCE MEASUREMENT

HEWLETT PACKARD ENTERPRIS...

1. A system to detect a coolant leak, the system comprising:a first nanosensor, coupled to an airflow channel in a server, to provide a first resistance measurement to a controller;
a second nanosensor, coupled to the airflow channel downstream of the first nanosensor, to provide a second resistance measurement to the controller; and
the controller, coupled to the first and second nanosensors, to detect a coolant leak within the server based on the first and second resistance measurements.

US Pat. No. 10,337,949

LEAK DETECTOR

Kane USA, Inc., Beaverto...

1. A portable handheld gas leak detector comprising:(a) a single-hand sized housing enclosure having an interior volume and having a length, a width, and a thickness, the length extending longitudinally from a bottom surface to a top surface, the width extending from a left side surface to a right side surface, and the thickness extending from a back side surface to a front side surface;
(b) a sample air intake tube leading into said housing enclosure;
(c) an optical bench disposed within said housing enclosure that includes an air sample tube having an infrared (IR) emitter at one end of the air sample tube and an IR sensor at the opposite end of the air sample tube, an inlet near said IR emitter fluidly connected with said sample air intake tube, and an outlet near said IR sensor fluidly connected with an air pump within said housing enclosure for drawing a sample of air into said air sample tube;
(d) a first optical filter located next to said IR emitter for thermally insulating the IR emitter from said sample of air drawn into said air sample tube, said first optical filter comprising a wide band optical filter;
(e) a second optical filter located at the opposite end of said air sample tube from said first optical filter, said second optical filter comprising a wide band optical filter; and
(f) a third optical filter located between said second optical filter and said IR sensor so that IR energy emitted from said IR emitter passes through said air sample tube and is received by said second optical filter and thereafter received by said third optical filter before being received by said IR sensor, wherein said second optical filter and said third optical filter are separated from one another by a thermal insulating washer between them, the washer providing an air gap between the second optical filter and the third optical filter, and the washer providing thermal insulating material comprising a ring portion of the washer for minimizing heat transfer from said second optical filter to said third optical filter and to said IR sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,337,948

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR HERMETICITY TEST

Solaredge Technologies Lt...

1. An apparatus, comprising:an enclosure designed to house electronics; and
a ventilation plug fastened to an exterior of the enclosure, wherein the ventilation plug is adapted to maintain thermal and air-pressure equilibrium inside the enclosure and to inject gas into the enclosure when a gas source is connected thereto, the ventilation plug comprising:
a vent filter comprising a membrane designed to allow bidirectional flow of air while preventing moisture and/or dirt from passing through; and
at least one bypass airway allowing airflow to bypass the vent filter and flow therethrough.

US Pat. No. 10,337,947

METHOD FOR DETECTING A LEAK IN A FUEL DELIVERY SYSTEM

Franklin Fueling Systems,...

1. A method of detecting a leak in a fuel delivery system including a fuel line, the method comprising the steps of:monitoring a pressure in the fuel line while fuel is not being dispensed by the fuel delivery system during a plurality of test intervals, the plurality of test intervals spanning at least one fuel delivery event by the fuel delivery system;
determining with an electronic controller for each test interval a measure of the leak rate of the fuel line during the respective test interval; and
determining with the electronic controller based on the measures for the plurality of respective test intervals if the fuel line of the fuel delivery system includes a leak greater than a threshold amount,
wherein for each test interval the measure of the respective test interval is determined by determining a leak rate associated with the test interval and comparing the leak rate to a threshold leak rate,
wherein the measure of the respective test interval includes a pass value having a first range of values indicating a leak condition and a second range of values indicating a non leak condition,
wherein the measure of the respective test interval further includes a weight value corresponding to the pass value, the weight value representing an accuracy of the pass value,
further comprising the steps of storing the respective pass values and respective weight values for a plurality of respective test intervals in a collection timeframe,
wherein the presence of the leak in the fuel line is determined with the electronic controller through one of a first analysis having a first timeframe which spans multiple collection timeframes and a second analysis having a second timeframe which spans multiple collection timeframes, the second timeframe being longer than the first timeframe,
wherein in the first analysis further comprising the steps of determining with the electronic controller a weighted average pass value for each collection timeframe; and
determining with the electronic controller an average weight value for each collection timeframe, and, for each collection timeframe of the first timeframe further comprising the step of discarding the respective pass values and the respective weight values for the plurality of respective test intervals when the average weight value of the collection timeframe is less than a threshold amount, the threshold amount being based on the number of test intervals in the collection timeframe.

US Pat. No. 10,337,946

GAS DETECTION SYSTEMS AND METHODS USING SEARCH AREA INDICATORS

Picarro Inc., Santa Clar...

1. A method comprising:performing a gas leak detection survey by
measuring a plurality of gas concentration values at a corresponding plurality of measurement points using a gas concentration measurement device carried by a moving vehicle along a survey path; and
determining a plurality of geospatially-referenced locations of the plurality of measurements points using a positioning device carried by the moving vehicle;
employing at least one hardware processor to determine a representative wind direction and a wind direction variability characterizing a plurality of wind direction values relative to ground; and
employing the at least one hardware processor to generate content to be displayed, the content including at least one search area indicator positioned on a street map, the search area indicator indicating a search area suspected to have a gas leak source, the search area indicator being positioned on the street map at a measurement location along the survey path characterized by a peak in gas concentration measured by the gas concentration measurement device, the search area indicator having an axis indicating the representative wind direction, the search area indicator having a width relative to the axis, the width being indicative of the wind direction variability.

US Pat. No. 10,337,945

METHOD FOR DETECTING A FUEL LEAK IN A FUEL SYSTEM OF AN AIRCRAFT HAVING AT LEAST TWO ENGINES

1. A method for detecting a fuel leak in a fuel system of an aircraft, comprising:providing an aircraft including a control and evaluation device and at least a first engine and a second engine, each assigned a tank device and at least one sensor device connected to the control and evaluation device,
determining from each at least one sensor device, values for each of the first engine and the second engine from a set of parameters including both:
a temperature of a fuel supplied to the one of the first engine and the second engine;
a temperature of an oil of an oil circuit assigned to the one of the first engine and the second engine, for cooling of which the fuel is used as a coolant;
detecting a fuel leak in a range of 350 to 3100 pounds per hour by comparing corresponding values from the set of parameters for the first engine and the second engine using the control and evaluation device, and determining if there is a divergence in any of the compared corresponding values that exceeds a respective predetermined threshold value;
issuing a fuel leak signal if the divergence in any of the compared corresponding values exceeds the predetermined threshold value and the control and evaluation device determines no error message is detected from a sensor device whose values are used to detect the fuel leak.

US Pat. No. 10,337,943

CENTRIFUGE AND METHOD FOR SENSING IMBALANCES IN THE CENTRIFUGE

1. A centrifuge (10), comprising:a rotor (12);
a drive shaft (14);
said rotor (12) is mounted on said drive shaft;
a motor (18);
said motor drives said drive shaft and said rotor (12);
a supporting unit (30) having damping elements (36);
each of said damping elements includes a spring axis (36a);
said supporting unit (30) supports a rotational unit (19);
said rotational unit comprises said motor (18) together with said drive shaft (14) and said rotor (12);
a sensor unit (82, 84) for detecting the speed of said drive shaft and said rotor;
a distance sensor (80) for detecting imbalances of said rotational unit (19);
said rotational unit (19) rotates around an axis of rotation (14a) at a rotational speed;
an acceleration sensor (88) for detecting imbalances of said rotational unit (19);
a control and evaluation unit (90) which evaluates data of said sensors and said sensor unit (80, 82, 88);
said distance sensor (80) includes a sensor head (80a) and a metal head aligned along an operative axis (36b);
said distance sensor (80) detects changes in distance between said sensor head (80a) and said metal head along said operative axis;
said operative axis (36b) is aligned relative to said axis of rotation (14a) in such a way that—at least in a projection onto a plane which is parallel to said operative axis (36b) and extends through said axis of rotation (14a)—said operative axis (36b) and said axis of rotation (14a) define an angle between them which is less than 90°, including 0°.

US Pat. No. 10,337,942

PRESSURE SENSOR TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT OFFSET ADJUSTMENT

Honeywell International I...

1. A method for adjusting a temperature coefficient of the offset voltage (TCO) for a pressure sensor, the method comprising:assembling the pressure sensor, wherein the sensor comprises a plurality of resistive elements;
determining the temperature coefficient of the offset voltage (TCO) distribution for the sensor;
increasing the resistance of one of a stress induced resistor or a leadout resistor of a first resistor and decreasing the resistance of the other of the stress induced resistor or the leadout resistor of the first resistor to adjust the temperature coefficient of the offset voltage (TCO) of the sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,337,941

PRESSURE SENSOR

Kistler Holding AG, Wint...

1. A pressure sensor comprising:a sensor assembly that includes a sensor that is electrically connected to an electrode arrangement; and
an evaluation unit that includes an electric circuit board that is electrically connected to the electrode arrangement only by welding, diffusion welding, thermo compression bonding or soldering; and
wherein the sensor is configured to generate signals under the action of a pressure profile, and the electrode arrangement is configured to transmit the signals to the evaluation unit.

US Pat. No. 10,337,940

COLD CATHODE IONIZATION VACUUM GAUGE WITH MULTIPLE CATHODES

MKS Instruments, Inc., A...

1. A cold cathode ionization gauge comprising:an anode;
a first cathode spaced from the anode by a first spacing sufficient to enable, at low pressures, formation of a plasma between the anode and the first cathode and a resultant ion current flow into the first cathode;
a second cathode electrically isolated from the first cathode and spaced from the anode by a second spacing less than the first spacing, the second spacing enabling electric discharge at pressures higher than the low pressures required for plasma formation in the first spacing;
a magnet applying a magnetic field through at least the first spacing to lengthen free electron paths to sustain the plasma;
an electric controller that applies voltage between the anode and each of the first and second cathodes to create ionization with plasma discharge at least between the anode and the first cathode at the low pressures and electric discharge between the anode and the second cathode at pressures higher than the low pressures, the controller determining pressure based on measured current flow to the first cathode and on measured current flow to the second cathode.

US Pat. No. 10,337,939

WATERPROOF MEMBER, MANUFACTURING METHOD OF WATERPROOF MEMBER, PRESSURE SENSOR, AND ELECTRONIC MODULE

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A waterproof member comprising:a laminated body that includes a first layer and a second layer provided in one side of the first layer; and
a through hole that is provided in the laminated body, prevents passing of liquid, and allows passing of gas,
wherein the through hole includes
a first through hole that passes through the first layer, and
a second through hole that passes through the second layer, and communicates with the first through hole, and
wherein a width of the second through hole is smaller than a width of the first through hole.

US Pat. No. 10,337,938

DUAL OUTPUT PRESSURE SENSOR WITH SINGLE PRESSURE TRANSDUCER ELEMENT

Sensata Technologies, Inc...

1. A pressure sensor apparatus, comprising:a first pressure transducer element including a first output path;
a first signal conditioning circuit including a first input path coupled to the first output path of the first pressure transducer element;
a second signal conditioning circuit including a second input path coupled to the first output path of the first pressure transducer element; and
wherein the first signal conditioning circuit is configured based on a first pressure range, and wherein the second signal conditioning circuit is configured based on a second pressure range;
wherein an output of the first signal conditioning circuit represents pressure measured by the first pressure transducer element in the first pressure range;
wherein an output of the second signal conditioning circuit represents pressure measured by the first pressure transducer element in the second pressure range; and
digital circuitry configured to generate a digital output representing the output of the first signal conditioning circuit and/or the output of the second signal conditioning circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,337,937

DETECTION DEVICE FOR DIGITAL TORQUE ADAPTER

1. A detection device for a digital torque adapter which is connected with a wrench or a socket, comprising:a case having an operation area and a display area respectively defined in an outside thereof, a torque strain axle extending through two opposite ends of the case and having a recess defined in a first end thereof, a second end of the torque strain axle being exposed beyond the case;
a circuit board located in the case and electrically connected to the operation area and the display area, the circuit board including a receiving unit and a setting unit, the operation area including a start button which is pushed to activate the circuit board so as to operate the setting unit, the circuit board being reset by pushing the start button two times rapidly, the circuit board being shut off by pressing the start button for three seconds, the operation area including an up button and a down button, the up button and the down button adjusting a pre-set value of angle set by the setting unit, the case having a torque strain gauge located therein which is attached to an outer surface of the torque strain axle to detect a value of torque which is transferred to the receiving unit, the circuit board including a screen which is located at the display area, and
an angle sensor located in the case and detecting an angle of the case and the torque strain axle relative to a horizontal plane, the angle sensor detecting the angle which is transferred to the receiving unit and displayed on the screen, an accumulator electrically connected to the circuit board and accumulating the angle detected by the angle sensor of each time that the wrench rotates, until a sum of the accumulated angles meets the pre-set value of angle of the setting unit, the display area displaying the value of torque and the sum of the accumulated angles.

US Pat. No. 10,337,936

DYNAMOMETER HAVING A CHASSIS TO CHASSIS LOAD MEASUREMENT DEVICE

Techlusion Corporation, ...

1. A dynamometer comprising:a dynamometer chassis configured to support a vehicle thereon;
a roller load test unit mounted in a load supporting surface of the dynamometer chassis;
a wheel carriage having a frame defining a wheel cavity therein and supported by a plurality of wheels, wherein a wheel of the vehicle supported on the dynamometer chassis is releasably attached within the wheel cavity, and wherein the wheel carriage is longitudinally movable upon the plurality of wheels along the dynamometer chassis during operation of the vehicle on the dynamometer; and
a load sensing mechanism attached between the dynamometer chassis and the wheel carriage such that a longitudinal axis of the vehicle extends through the load sensing mechanism, the load sensing mechanism configured to measure force in the longitudinal direction of the vehicle between the wheel carriage and the dynamometer chassis during operation of the vehicle on the dynamometer.

US Pat. No. 10,337,935

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR INTEGRATED, MULTI-FUNCTIONAL, FAULT TOLERANT SENSING AND COMMUNICATION

SIKORSKY AIRCRAFT CORPORA...

1. A fiber-optic sensor system comprising: a structure having a fiber-optic cable operatively connected thereto; a network controller having an interrogator operatively connected to the fiber-optic cable to receive optical energy indicative of a characteristic of the structure therefrom and convert optical energy to electrical energy and electrical energy to optical energy for data communication; and at least one of a data source or a sensor operatively connected to the fiber-optic cable through the network controller to transmit data through the fiber-optic cable and receive data therefrom; wherein the data source is at least one of an avionics system or a flight control system to provide data through the fiber optic cable to the network controller and to receive data through the fiber optic cable from the network controller; and, wherein the avionics system includes a health monitoring system and a rotor state feedback system operatively connected to the fiber-optic cable through the network controller to transmit data to the network controller and through the fiber-optic cable and to receive data therefrom.

US Pat. No. 10,337,934

NON-CONTACT MAGNETOSTRICTIVE SENSOR ALIGNMENT

General Electric Company,...

1. A sensor mounting assembly, comprising:a retaining element configured to releasably engage a sensor assembly;
an adjustment assembly coupled to the retaining element and having a rotatable member configured to cause translation of the retaining element along a first axis; and
a frame assembly having a first member coupled to the adjustment assembly, a second member pivotally coupled to the first member about a second axis extending transverse to the first axis, and a third member pivotally coupled to the second member about a third axis extending transverse to the first and second axes, wherein pivotal movement of the first member relative to the second member is configured to cause rotation of the retaining element about the second axis, and wherein pivotal movement of the second member relative to the third member is configured to cause rotation of the retaining element about the third axis.

US Pat. No. 10,337,933

STIRRING PADDLE FOR ISOTHERMAL TITRATION CALORIMETRY

WATERS TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A stirring paddle for an isothermal titration calorimeter comprising:a shaft having a shaft axis;
a blade secured to one end of the shaft and having a length and a pair of opposing surfaces, the blade defined by:
a top edge extending radially outward from the shaft axis at a first location of the shaft along the length;
a bottom edge extending radially outward from the shaft axis at a second location of the shaft along the length;
a first curved outer edge extending along the length between the top edge and the bottom edge; and
a lip extending from the first curved outer edge at a non-zero angle relative to the opposing surfaces,
wherein the blade has a twisted rectangular shape such that a rotation angle of the blade with respect to the shaft axis varies along the length.

US Pat. No. 10,337,932

ADAPTIVE METHOD FOR CALIBRATING MULTIPLE TEMPERATURE SENSORS ON A SINGLE SEMICONDUCTOR DIE

Oracle International Corp...

1. A system, comprising:an interface configured to communicate with a device under test (DUT), wherein the DUT includes a first plurality of temperature sensing circuits; and
a testing apparatus configured to:
store a plurality of control values, wherein each control value of the plurality of control values is based on at least two calibration values of corresponding temperature sensing circuits included in a second plurality of temperature sensing circuits included in a plurality of control devices, different from the DUT;
wherein a first subset of the second plurality of temperature sensing circuits is located on a first device of the plurality of control devices, and a second subset of the second plurality of temperature sensing circuits is located on a second device of the plurality of control devices;
generate a plurality of calibration values for the DUT, wherein each calibration value of the plurality of calibration values corresponds to a respective temperature sensing circuit of the first plurality of temperature sensing circuits;
determine a plurality of test values for the DUT, wherein each test value of the plurality of test values corresponds to one or more control values of the plurality of control values;
calculate a probability value based on the plurality of test values and the plurality of control values, wherein the probability value corresponds to a likelihood that the plurality of calibration values is accurate based on a predetermined threshold value;
repeat generation of the plurality of calibration values in response to a determination that the probability value is less than the predetermined threshold value; and
in response to a determination that the probability value is greater than the predetermined threshold value, calibrate, using the plurality of calibration values, the first plurality of temperature sensing circuits included in the DUT.

US Pat. No. 10,337,931

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ICING RESISTANT TOTAL AIR TEMPERATURE PROBES WITH AIR JETS

Honeywell International I...

1. A total air temperature data probe, the probe comprising:a probe base having a forced air input port; and
a probe body having a leading edge and a trailing edge and extending from the probe base along a first axis, the probe body comprising:
a first interior airflow passage comprising a first annulus aligned with the first axis;
a temperature sensor positioned within the first interior airflow passage and aligned with the first axis;
a notched intake port positioned at a distal end of the probe body, the notched intake port including an open channel extending inward from a first face of the distal end into an intake aperture of the probe body, and a cutaway region that defines a recessed second face inset from the first face and exposes the open channel at least partially from the leading edge, wherein the intake aperture opens into the first interior airflow passage, the notched intake port comprising one or more air jet ports at a tip of the notched intake port; and
a heated airflow passage through the probe body, the heated airflow passage isolated from the first interior airflow passage and coupling the forced air input port to the one or more air jet ports.

US Pat. No. 10,337,930

ONLINE IGBT JUNCTION TEMPERATURE ESTIMATION WITHOUT THE USE OF A DEDICATED TEMPERATURE ESTIMATION OR MEASUREMENT DEVICE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method comprising:providing an electro-mechanical drive system controller;
providing a vehicle comprising an electro-mechanical drive system comprising an IGBT junction wherein the IGBT junction, does not comprise a dedicated temperature estimation or measurement device for estimating or measuring the temperature of the IGBT junction, and wherein the IGBT junction is constructed and arranged so that a temperature rise in the IGBT junction may be determined, without the use of a dedicated temperature estimation or measurement device, by
using the electro-mechanical drive system controller to determine a power loss P_total of the IGBT due to conduction losses P conduction and losses associated with IGBT switching events P_switching, wherein P_total =P_conduction +P_switching;
using the electro-mechanical drive system controller to multiply the determined power loss P_total by a measured, sensed or obtained thermal impedance Rth from the IGBT junction to a coolant, wherein Tj_rise =P_total * Rth; and
using the electro-mechanical drive system controller to add the determined temperature rise Tj_rise of the IGBT junction to a measured, sensed or obtained temperature of the coolant T_coolant to determine an absolute temperature of the IGBT junction Tj, wherein Tj =Tj_rise+T_coolant;
wherein the determination of power loss due to conduction loss of the IGBT, P_conduction, is determined by a sum of a product of a phase current of the corresponding IGBT junction, Ip, saturation voltage of the IGBT junction, Vce_sat, and duty cycle of an IGBT PWM, D, divided by a frequency of a switching signal, Fsw, for each switching period for half of a fundamental period of the switching signal, multiplied by the fundamental frequency of a motor signal, F_fundamental where n equals Fsw divided by f_fundamental and the sum is taken from 1 to n over the fundamental period of the switching signal and if Ip(n) is going through a diode, use Ip(n)=0, wherein

and wherein the phase current of the IGBT junction, Ip, saturation voltage of the IGBT junction, Vce_sat, duty cycle of the IGBT PWM, D, the switching frequency, Fsw, and the fundamental frequency of the motor signal is be provided by any number of components including but not limited to a controller or a sensor; and
based upon the absolute temperature of the IGBT junction Tj, using the electro-mechanical drive system controller to induce the electro-mechanical drive system to change a current mode of operation of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,337,929

REMOTE COOKING REMINDER SYSTEM

11. A remote cooking reminder system for reminding a user of a heating apparatus condition comprising:at least one sensor configured to directly activate at least one relay when a heating apparatus is energized and producing heat;
a transmitter electrically connected to said at least one relay, wherein said transmitter is configured to send a signal when said at least one relay is activated;
an internal timer in operable communication with said at least one sensor and said at least one relay, wherein said internal timer is configured to count up starting when said at least one sensor activates said at least one relay; and
at least one remote receiver of a residence configured to receive said signal and provide a reminder to the user;
wherein said remote receiver further comprises an output display of said internal timer;
wherein said at least one remote receiver is located in at least one room separately within the residence from said heating apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,337,928

AUTOCORRELATION MEASUREMENT DEVICE

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. An autocorrelation measurement device comprising:a first reflection member having a first reflection surface for reflecting a part of incident pulsed light and a second reflection surface for reflecting light transmitted through the first reflection surface in the incident pulsed light;
a second reflection member having a first reflection surface for reflecting a part of reflected pulsed light reflected on the first reflection surface or the second reflection surface of the first reflection member and a second reflection surface for reflecting light transmitted through the first reflection surface in the reflected pulsed light;
a focusing unit configured to focus first pulsed light reflected on the first reflection surface of the first reflection member and the second reflection surface of the second reflection member and second pulsed light reflected on the second reflection surface of the first reflection member and the first reflection surface of the second reflection member;
a nonlinear optical crystal disposed on a focusing position by the focusing unit and configured to generate second harmonic light by incidence of the first pulsed light and the second pulsed light;
a detection unit configured to detect the second harmonic light;
a delay adjusting unit configured to change a delay time between the first pulsed light and the second pulsed light incident on the nonlinear optical crystal; and
an analysis unit configured to obtain a pulse width of the incident pulsed light on the basis of a relationship between the delay time set by the delay adjusting unit and a detection result by the detection unit.

US Pat. No. 10,337,927

GERMANIUM TIN OXIDE THIN FILMS FOR UNCOOLED INFRARED DETECTORS

1. A method of forming a thin film comprising: GexSnyOz where, 39?x?54, 09?y?20, 19?z?46.

US Pat. No. 10,337,926

LOW-DRIFT INFRARED DETECTOR

MELEXIS TECHNOLOGIES NV, ...

1. A semiconductor device for measuring IR radiation originating from outside the semiconductor device, comprising:a semiconductor substrate with a cap hermetically sealed to said substrate to enclose at least one cavity,
at least one sensor pixel arranged in the cavity, comprising a first absorber arranged for receiving said IR radiation, and adapted for generating a sensor output signal indicative of the incoming IR radiation,
at least one reference pixel arranged in the cavity, comprising a second absorber, and a heater for increasing the temperature of the second absorber by applying a power to that heater, wherein the reference pixel is shielded from said IR radiation, and adapted for generating a reference output signal indicative of the applied power to the heater,
wherein the semiconductor device comprises a controller adapted for:
measuring a responsivity of the semiconductor device by:
applying a power to the heater of the reference pixel, while not heating the sensor pixel,
measuring a first output signal of the unheated sensor pixel or of an unheated additional reference pixel and a first reference output signal of the heated reference pixel,
obtaining the responsivity as a function of a measure of the applied power to the heater and of the difference between the first output signal and the first reference output signal,
applying a period of cooling down of the reference pixel until the temperature of the reference pixel is substantially the same as the temperature of the sensor pixel,
generating the output signal indicative of the IR radiation, based on the difference between the sensor output signal of the sensor pixel and the reference output signal of the reference pixel measured when the temperature of the sensor pixel is substantially equal to the temperature of the reference pixel, by converting this difference into the output signal which is indicative of the IR radiation using the measured responsivity.

US Pat. No. 10,337,925

METHOD FOR ESTIMATING LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE LAPSE RATE USING INFRARED IMAGE

University of Seoul Coope...

1. A method of estimating land surface temperature lapse rate using an infrared image, comprising:collecting radiant energy radiated from a land surface in the infrared image using an infrared sensor;
extracting a normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) image from the infrared image;
generating an estimated radiant temperature based on at least one of the NDVI image and the radiant energy collected from the infrared sensor;
selecting a target area in the infrared image for estimation of the land surface temperature lapse rate according to the estimated radiant temperature;
calculating atmospheric transmittance of the target area;
estimating reference temperature at a reference location set in the target area;
calculating a temperature difference from the atmospheric transmittance and the estimated reference temperature, and generating a temperature difference image;
estimating the land surface temperature lapse rate from the temperature difference image and a Digital Elevation Map (DEM) in an identical area using an elevation-based temperature difference distribution; and
calculating an air temperature-based land surface temperature lapse rate using a linear regression curve according to an equation as follows:
rT=c·Tair+d,
wherein rT is the estimated land surface temperature lapse rate, Tair is the air temperature, and c and d are variables of the linear regression curve.

US Pat. No. 10,337,924

INTEGRATED ANTENNA SYSTEM AND RELATED COMPONENT MANAGEMENT

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A sensing and communication subsystem, comprising:a housing;
a passive infrared (PIR) sensor module located within the housing;
one or more antennas located within the housing;
a wireless communication transceiver located within the housing that transmits data via the one or more antennas; and
one or more processors located with the housing that receive information from the PIR sensor module and the wireless communication transceiver, wherein the one or more processors, the PIR sensor module, and the wireless communication transceiver are collectively configured to:
transmit wireless communication signals using the one or more antennas during a first communication time interval;
sense infrared signals using the PIR sensor module during a sensing time interval that overlaps the first communication time interval; and
process the sensed infrared signals received during the sensing time interval to determine a presence of an object, wherein processing comprises blanking the sensed infrared signals received at the start of the first communication time interval, blanking the sensed infrared signals received following the end of the first communication time interval, or blanking the sensed infrared signals received at the start of the first communication time interval and received following the end of the first communication time interval.

US Pat. No. 10,337,923

DIRECTIONAL INTERPOLATION AND CROSS-BAND FILTERING FOR HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGING

Qualcomm Incorporated, S...

1. A method, comprising:determining a spectral mosaic of a spectral imaging (SI) sensor;
estimating a number of reconstruction matrices based on the spectral mosaic of the SI sensor;
generating a number of directionally interpolated maximum a-priori (MAP) estimations of image data based on the number of estimated reconstruction matrices;
determining filter coefficients for each of a number of cross-band interpolation filters based at least in part on the MAP estimations of the image data;
determining edge classification factors for pixels of the SI sensor based at least in part on the determined filter coefficients; and
configuring a cross-band interpolation circuit based at least in part on the determined filter coefficients and the determined edge classification factors.

US Pat. No. 10,337,922

COLORIMETER

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A colorimeter comprising:an illumination light receiver including a light source unit and a sensor;
an attached part where a mask member with a window part is attached so as to cover the illumination light receiver;
a detector that detects one or more detected parts disposed on the mask member attached to the attached part;
a first hardware processor that recognizes information on a kind of the mask member in accordance with a detection result of the one or more detected parts by the detector; and
second hardware processor that causes the first hardware processor to recognize the information on the kind of the mask member in accordance with the detection result by the detector at a first timing, and causes the first hardware processor to recognize the information on the kind of the mask member in accordance with the detection result by the detector at a second timing after the first timing; and
an outputter that performs a predetermined output in response to a discordance between the information on the kind of the mask member recognized by the first hardware processor in accordance with the detection result by the detector at the first timing and the information on the kind of the mask member recognized by the first hardware processor in accordance with the detection result by the detector at the second timing.

US Pat. No. 10,337,921

DIRECT-STIMULUS-VALVE-READING-TYPE COLORIMETRIC PHOTOMETER

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A direct stimulus value reading type colorimetric photometer comprising:a colorimetric optical system group including a first colorimetric optical system, a second colorimetric optical system, and a third colorimetric optical system, the first colorimetric optical system, the second colorimetric optical system, and the third colorimetric optical system having spectral responsivities approximate to a first part, a second part, and a third part of a color matching function, respectively, the first colorimetric optical system, the second colorimetric optical system, and the third colorimetric optical system outputting a first signal, a second signal, and a third signal having intensities depending on spectral intensity of light to be measured, respectively; and
a deriving unit connected to said colorimetric optical system group that derives, from said first signal, said second signal, and said third signal, a colorimetric value corresponding to a case in which the color matching function is selected as an evaluation function for colorimetry and a photometric value corresponding to a case in which spectral luminous efficiency is selected as an evaluation function for photometry from at least the three signals when the spectral luminous efficiency is not consistent with any one of the first part, the second part, and the third part.

US Pat. No. 10,337,920

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR INTERFEROMETRIC BASED SPECTROMETRY AND COMPACT SPECTROMETER USING SAME

1. A system comprising:an illuminator for producing a beam of light rays having components of light in the visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum;
a lens deployed at an output of the illuminator for focusing the beam so as to produce a focused illumination spot on an object such that light rays in the visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum are diffused by the object in response to the focused illumination spot, wherein the object is illuminated by background illumination and wherein the intensity of the focused illumination spot is at least one order of magnitude greater than the illumination intensity of the background illumination;
an interference fringe pattern generator to form an interference fringe pattern from the light rays diffused by the object;
a planar array of detector pixels arranged to capture an image of the interference fringe pattern;
a storage medium coupled to the planar array of detector pixels, the storage medium recording information indicative of intensity values of the image of the interference fringe pattern captured by a selected group of pixels of the planar array of detector pixels, the information being recorded as a function of the optical path difference values traversed by the diffused light rays through the interference fringe pattern generator for each of the pixels in the selected group of pixels; and
at least one processor coupled to the storage medium to determine the spectral characteristics of the object based on the information indicative of the intensity values recorded by the storage medium and the optical path difference values traversed by the diffused light rays.

US Pat. No. 10,337,919

OPTICAL UNIT AND SPECTROMETER PROVIDED WITH SAME

SHIMADZU CORPORATION, Ky...

1. A spectroscope comprising an optical unit and a diffraction grating, wherein the optical unit comprising:an image sensor having a plurality of light receiving elements;
an A/D converter that converts an output signal from each of the light receiving elements of the image sensor;
a conversion processing unit that sequentially executes, for the plurality of light receiving elements, a conversion process of converting an output signal from an identical one of the light receiving elements at least twice within a preset conversion process time for each of the light receiving elements with the A/D converter, to acquire at least two output values; and
an average value calculation unit that calculates an average value of the at least two output values for each of the light receiving elements acquired by the process executed by the conversion processing unit,
wherein the diffraction grating disperses light at a grating surface, to cause light beams of the dispersed light at respective wavelengths to become incident on the plurality of light receiving elements.

US Pat. No. 10,337,918

SPECTROMETER WITH FIBER BRAGG GRATING

Baker Hughes, A GE Compan...

1. An optical spectrometer comprising:a transmission medium having an end in communication with a source of electromagnetic energy;
a grating formed in the transmission medium strategically formed so that electromagnetic energy from the source and being transmitted through the transmission medium is directed azimuthally from the transmission medium along the grating to define stray light;
an optical receiver having,
a sensor that is responsive to being contacted by the stray light and, and
an outlet in communication with an analyzer and from which an electrical signal is transmitted that is generated by the stray light contacting the sensor; and
a scanning assembly that selectively alters one of, a path of the stray light from the grating, or a position of the optical receiver, so that when the stray light is directed from the transmission medium, the sensor is positioned in a path of the stray light and exposed to at least a portion of the stray light, the scanning assembly comprising an electrically responsive member that when energized experiences a change in size or shape.

US Pat. No. 10,337,917

ADJUSTABLE MULTI-WAVELENGTH LAMP

Sensor Electronic Technol...

1. An adjustable multi-wavelength lamp comprising:a plurality of emitters, the plurality of emitters including at least one ultraviolet emitter, at least one visible light emitter, and at least one infrared emitter; and
a control system for controlling operation of the plurality of emitters, wherein the control system is configured to selectively deliver power to any combination of one or more of the plurality of emitters to generate light approximating a target spectral distribution of intensity.

US Pat. No. 10,337,916

METHOD TO OBTAIN FULL RANGE INTRINSIC SPECTRAL SIGNATURES FOR SPECTROSCOPY AND SPECTRAL IMAGING

Center for Quantitative C...

1. A method of displaying a generated full range intrinsic spectrum of a sample material comprising:a) performing for each of a plurality of spectroscopic instruments, each spectroscopic instrument covering a different wavelength range, the steps of:
I. balancing the spectroscopic instrument so that irrelevant spectral illumination and background components are eliminated from intrinsic spectra of each spectroscopic instrument,
II. obtaining a plurality of instrument intrinsic noise spectra from said balanced spectroscopic instrument,
III. determining for each said plurality of instrument intrinsic noise spectra a percentage intrinsic noise intensity relative to an illumination of said spectroscopic instrument,
IV. determining an average percent intrinsic instrument noise for the spectroscopic instrument by averaging the percentage intrinsic noise intensity of said plurality of instrument noise spectra;
b) normalizing the average percent instrument noise of each instrument to the instrument with the lowest average percent instrument noise level to obtain a normalized noise factor for each instrument;
c) obtaining from each balanced spectroscopic instrument covering a different wavelength range, an intrinsic spectrum profile of a sample material;
d) obtaining for each instrument a normalized intrinsic spectrum of the sample material by proportionally adjusting the intensity levels of the intrinsic spectrum profile across the instrument wavelength range by said normalized noise factor;
e) converting a wavelength axis of each normalized intrinsic spectrum of the sample material into a log scale;
f) generating a full range intrinsic spectrum of the sample material by arranging the normalized intrinsic spectrum of the sample material of each instrument on the electromagnetic continuum in relationship to each other so that the arrangement represents the wavelength range covered by all the plurality of balanced spectroscopic instruments; and
g) displaying said generated full range intrinsic spectrum of the sample material.

US Pat. No. 10,337,915

LIGHT-DETECTING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CONVERTING OPTICAL RADIATION ON SWITCHED CONDUCTIVITY DIODES

Pinnacle Imaging Corporat...

1. A method for analogue-to-digital conversion of optical radiation on a metal insulator semiconductor switch diode comprising:converting the optical radiation into photocurrent;
integrating the photocurrent over an exposure time into an electric charge which changes an initial charge input before exposure;
inputting the initial charge into an initial charge input circuit comprising a metal insulator semiconductor switch diode, the initial charge input circuit directly connected to an address line;
converting a resultant charge into signal voltage by a charge converter, the charge converter comprising a capacitance formed by a metal insulator semiconductor switch diode and adjacent charge accumulating areas, for converting the charge generated by a photodetector signal additionally to the initial charge into photodetector output voltage, the charge converter directly connected to a signal line and the initial charge input circuit;
comparing a signal voltage with a reference voltage and switching a comparator as a result of the comparison;
wherein the initial charge input circuit, the charge converter and the comparator are configured in the form of a tunnel switching electrode in a metal insulator-semiconductor structure;
generating binary signals modulated on switching time relative to initial time,
generating digital codes based on the binary signals; and
storing the digital codes and successively sending the digital codes to outputs;
where in order to input the initial charge into the metal insulator semiconductor switch diode, voltage corresponding to the initial charge is applied in a forward direction at a variation rate which causes injection of minority carriers, which does not exceed a level of triggering the metal insulator semiconductor switch diode into the conducting state, and the corresponding sampling voltage is applied as the reference voltage at a variation rate sufficiently high to cause injection of minority carriers, needed for triggering upon reaching voltage corresponding to the resultant charge, with given accuracy.

US Pat. No. 10,337,913

OPTOELECTRONIC MODULE FOR A CONTACTLESS FREE-SPACE OPTICAL LINK, ASSOCIATED MULTICHANNEL MODULES, ASSOCIATED INTERCONNECTION SYSTEM, METHOD OF PRODUCTION AND CONNECTION TO A BOARD

RADIALL, Aubervilliers (...

1. An optical interconnection system including:at least one first optoelectronic module intended to provide a conversion of an electrical signal from an electronic board into an optical signal propagated in free space or vice versa, including the following stack:
an electronic board, intended to act as an interface with an electronic application board and comprising a substrate and an electronic circuit;
an electronic control component suitable for controlling an optoelectronic component, the electronic control component being attached directly onto the electronic board and electrically connected to the electronic circuit;
an optoelectronic component suitable for transmitting or receiving a light signal via its upper surface, the optoelectronic component being attached directly on the top of the electronic control component and electrically connected to the electronic control component;
an optical device suitable for transmitting an optical signal;
an optical device support, the support being attached directly onto the electronic board so as to ensure the mechanical alignment between the optical device and the optoelectronic component,
the first optoelectronic module being a transmitter module, the electronic control component being a control circuit for surface-emitting optoelectronic components, and the optoelectronic component being a surface-emitting component; and
at least one second optoelectronic module intended to provide a conversion of an electrical signal from an electronic board into an optical signal propagated in free space or vice versa, including the following stack:
an electronic board, intended to act as an interface with an electronic application board;
an electronic control component suitable for controlling an optoelectronic component, the electronic control component being attached directly onto the electronic board and electrically connected to the electronic circuit, the electronic control component being a transimpedance amplifier;
an optoelectronic component suitable for transmitting or receiving a light signal via its upper surface, the optoelectronic component being attached directly on the top of the electronic control component and electrically connected to the electronic control component;
an optical device suitable for transmitting an optical signal;
an optical device support, the support being attached, directly onto the electronic board so as to ensure the mechanical alignment between the optical device and the optoelectronic component,
the second optoelectronic module being a receiver module and the optoelectronic component being a photodiode.

US Pat. No. 10,337,912

SENSOR SUPPORT FOR USE WITH LIGHTING REFRACTOR

LSI Industries, Inc., Ci...

1. A sensor support for use with a lighting refractor supported on a lighting fixture housing, the sensor support comprising:a sensor housing defining an interior cavity configured to receive and support a sensor for sensing at least one of motion or light;
a locking structure operatively associated with the sensor housing and configured to selectively attach the sensor housing to a peripheral portion of a lighting refractor; and
an aperture in the sensor housing and arranged to expose the sensor to an environment around the lighting refractor,
wherein the locking structure includes at least one locking element that is selectively adjustable to clamp the housing to the peripheral portion of the lighting refractor,
and further wherein the locking structure further includes a channel configured to receive therein the peripheral portion of the lighting refractor, the at least one locking element being selectively adjustable to clamp the peripheral portion within the channel.

US Pat. No. 10,337,911

METHOD FOR MEASURING VIBRATION DISPLACEMENT USING STATE VARIATION PRINCIPLE

KOREA RESEARCH INSTITUTE ...

1. A vibration displacement measuring method using an electrical signal output from a light sensor, comprising:a step of generating the electrical signal output from the light sensor, wherein the electrical signal output is generated by overlapping a reference laser beam reflected from a fixed reference side and a laser beam reflected from an object whose vibration displacement is measured;
a step of discretization, discretizing a cosine signal and a sine signal in the electrical signal output according to index n (n=1, 2, . . . , N);
a step of correction, correcting an oval type signal formed by the cosine signal and the sine signal to a circle type signal by using a Heydemann correction method;
a step of calculation of relative angle, calculating the relative angle between the n-th index and the n?1-th index by using the corrected cosine signals and corrected sine signals at the n-th index and the n?1-th index;
a step of correction and realignment, correcting and realigning the corrected cosine signals and the corrected sine signals at the n-th index and at the n?1-th index by using the relative angle;
a step of calculation of phase, calculating a phase at the n-th index by summing the relative angles accumulated from the first index to the n-th index; and
a step of calculation of displacement, converting the phase at the n-th index into a vibration displacement at the n-th index,
wherein, in the step of correction and realignment, after the step of discretization that the cosine signal (uc) and the sine signal (us) measured at every predetermined measurement cycle are discretized according to index n (n=1, 2, . . . , N), and the step of correction that the cosine signal (uc) and the sine signal (us) are converted to the corrected cosine signal (CC) and the corrected sine signal (CS), the corrected cosine signal (CC(n?1)) and the corrected sine signal (CS(n?1)) at the n?1-th index are corrected and realigned according to the following formula:

US Pat. No. 10,337,910

LABORATORY STAND WITH SET-UP FEET FOR SCALES

1. A laboratory stand (1) comprising:at least one upwardly extending holding rod (2);
a base support (3) supporting the holding rod (2);
a holder (5) including a support surface (6) for supporting at least one vessel (10) in usage position;
base support projections (4a) extending from an underside of the base support (3) to act as supporting feet for the base support (3);
support projections (4) provided on an underside of the holder (5) facing away from the support surface (6), wherein the support projections (4) are mounted so as to support the holder (5) and be moveable relative to the base support (3); and
means for weighing,
wherein the support projections (4) are provided to protrude from the underside of the holder (5) spaced from vertical alignment with the base support (3), the support projections (4) protruding from the underside of the holder (5) so as to be above a plane coincident with the underside of the base support (3), the support projections (4) being in operative connection with the means for weighing.

US Pat. No. 10,337,909

LOAD MEASURING APPARATUS FOR A WORKING MACHINE

Hitachi Construction Mach...

1. A load measuring apparatus for a working machine applicable to a working machine having a body frame, front wheels and rear wheels rotatably disposed on the body frame, a vessel tiltably mounted on the body frame for carrying a cargo, and front suspension cylinders and rear suspension cylinders disposed between the body frame and the front wheels and rear wheels, respectively, for reducing shocks to a body during traveling, to measure a load of the cargo carried on the vessel, wherein the front suspension cylinders include a left front suspension cylinder and a right front suspension cylinder, the rear suspension cylinders include a left rear suspension cylinder and a right rear suspension cylinder, the load measuring apparatus for a working machine comprising:a front-wheel rotational speed sensor that detects rotational speed of the front wheels;
a rear-wheel rotational speed sensor that detects rotational speed of the rear wheels;
a front load acquisition unit that acquires a front load applied to the front suspension cylinders;
a rear load acquisition unit that acquires a rear load applied to the rear suspension cylinders;
a surface resistance detection unit that detects a surface resistance of a travel road for the working machine;
a total load computing unit that based on the front load acquired by the front load acquisition unit and the rear load acquired by the rear load acquisition unit, computes a total load acting on the front suspension cylinders and rear suspension cylinders to determine the load of the cargo;
a computed total load value correction unit that corrects the total load computed by the total load computing unit, according to the surface resistance detected by the surface resistance detection unit so as to obtain a corrected total cargo load value;
a storage device that stores a first correlation between a front/rear load ratio as a ratio of the front load to the rear load and a total load eccentric-loading-dependent correction ratio for correcting an error caused by eccentricity of the cargo on the vessel, a second correlation between the surface resistance and a total load correction coefficient as a correction coefficient for correcting an error caused by the surface resistance on the total load, a third correlation between the surface resistance and a front/rear load ratio correction coefficient as a correction coefficient for correcting an error caused by the surface resistance on the front/rear load ratio, and a body-side load of the working machine, a cylinder cross-sectional area which is a cross-sectional area of each of the front suspension cylinders and the rear suspension cylinders, and surface friction characteristics;
a front/rear load ratio computing unit that computes the front/rear load ratio from a ratio of the front load acquired by the front load acquisition unit to the rear load acquired by the rear load acquisition unit; and
a correction ratio computing unit that computes the total load eccentric-loading-dependent correction ratio by applying the front/rear load ratio computed by the front/rear load ratio computing unit, to the first correlation stored in the storage device,
wherein the front load acquisition unit comprises:
a first multiplier that computes a left front side load acting on the left front suspension cylinder by multiplying a suspension pressure in the left front suspension cylinder by the cylinder cross sectional area,
a second multiplier that computes a right front side load acting on the right front suspension cylinder by multiplying a suspension pressure in the right front suspension cylinder by the cylinder cross-sectional area, and
a first adder that computes the front side load by adding the left front side load and the right side front side load;
wherein the rear load acquisition unit comprises:
a third multiplier that computes a left rear side load acting on the left rear suspension cylinder by multiplying a suspension pressure in the left rear suspension cylinder by the cylinder cross sectional area,
a fourth multiplier that computes a right rear side load acting on the right rear suspension cylinder by multiplying a suspension pressure in the right rear suspension cylinder by the cylinder cross sectional area, and
a second adder that computes the rear side load by adding the left rear side load and the right side rear side load;
wherein the surface resistance detection unit
computes a slip ratio by dividing a value obtained by subtracting the rotational speed of the front wheel detected by the front-wheel rotational speed sensors from the rotational speed of the rear wheel detected by the rear-wheel rotational speed sensors, by the rotational speed of the rear wheel;
computes a road surface friction coefficient on the basis of the computed slip ratio and a road surface friction characteristics, and
obtains the surface resistance of the travel road by multiplying the computed road surface friction coefficient by any one of the left front load, the right front load, the left rear load, and the right rear load;
wherein the computed total load value correction unit includes:
a total load correction coefficient computing unit that computes the total load correction coefficient by applying the surface resistance, which has been detected by the surface resistance detection unit, to the second correlation stored in the storage device;
a total load correction coefficient multiplier that multiplies the total load correction coefficient, which has been computed by the total load correction coefficient computing unit, by the total load computed by the total load computing unit so as to obtain a surface resistance eliminated total load;
a front/rear load ratio correction coefficient computing unit that computes the front/rear load ratio correction coefficient by applying the surface resistance detected by the surface resistance detection unit, to the third correlation stored in the storage device;
a front/rear load ratio correction coefficient multiplier that multiplies the front/rear load ratio correction coefficient computed by the front/rear load ratio correction coefficient computing unit, by the total load eccentric-loading-dependent correction ratio computed by the correction ratio computing unit; so as to obtain a surface resistance eliminated eccentric-loading-dependent correction ratio;
a divider that computes an error corrected total load by dividing the surface resistance eliminated total load by the surface resistance eliminated eccentric-loading-dependent correction ratio; and
a subtractor that computes the corrected cargo load value by subtracting the vehicle body-side load from the error corrected total load.

US Pat. No. 10,337,908

LOAD CELL ASSEMBLY FOR A TOWING VEHICLE

Vishay Transducers, Ltd.,...

1. A cast load cell for use with an adjustable fifth wheel coupling system having a first mounting portion with an adjustment track connectable to a towing vehicle and having a second mounting portion coupleable to a fifth wheel trailer, the cast load cell comprising:a mounting plate portion having mounting features configured for slidably receiving and removably engaging the adjustment track of the first mounting portion;
a load sensing portion integrally formed with and connected to the mounting plate portion, the load sensing portion having a flexure portion spaced apart from the mounting plate portion and defining a flexure gap therebetween that allows the load sensing portion to move relative to the mounting plate in response to a load on the load sensing portion, the load sensing portion having a sensor cavity machined therein above at least a portion of the flexure gap;
a shaft mounting portion integrally formed with and connected to the load sensing portion above the flexure gap, the shaft mounting portion configured to pivotally receive a portion of the second mounting portion of the fifth wheel coupling system; and
a load sensor connected to the load sensor portion and positioned within the sensor cavity above a portion of the flexure gap;
wherein the mounting plate portion, the load sensing portion, and shaft mounting portion define an integral, weld-free, substantially homogenous unitary cast member, into which the sensing cavity is machined and the load sensor is attached.

US Pat. No. 10,337,907

POSITIONABLE MATERIAL VESSEL WITH LOAD CELL

DRAGON FAB-TECH, LLC, Be...

1. A material containment and delivery system, comprising:a base assembly, the base assembly having a lateral axis;
a vessel comprising a housing configured to contain a material, the housing comprising a first end, a second end, and a lateral axis extending from the first end to the second end, wherein the vessel is coupled to the base assembly;
a positioning assembly configured to move the vessel from a first position to a second position, wherein the first position comprises a position in which the lateral axis of the vessel is substantially parallel to the lateral axis of the base assembly; and
a load cell disposed between the positioning assembly and the base assembly or under a support leg, wherein the load cell is configured to measure a weight of material within the vessel when the lateral axis of the base assembly intersects the lateral axis of the vessel.

US Pat. No. 10,337,906

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING A LOAD CAPABILITY

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. A method comprising:generating an initial weight estimate associated with an aircraft based on a reference operational empty weight (OEW) and at least one of a latitude or an altitude of the aircraft at a first location, wherein the reference OEW is predetermined at a second location that is distinct from the first location;
determining an additional load capability of the aircraft based on a difference between the initial weight estimate and the reference OEW;
generating an output that indicates the additional load capability; and
initiating a loading process to load the aircraft with additional payload, additional fuel, additional passengers, additional crew, or a combination thereof, that correspond to the additional load capability.

US Pat. No. 10,337,905

CALIBRATION DEVICE AND CALIBRATION METHOD

TATSUNO CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A calibration device comprising:a measurement housing;
a plurality of wheels operatively coupled to the measurement housing to facilitate movement of the calibration device;
a filling vessel, accommodated in the measurement housing, to said filling vessel a high pressure fuel gas being fed from outside of the measurement housing;
a temperature sensor mounted on the filling vessel and operative to measure a temperature of a surface of the filling vessel;
a scale for measuring a weight collectively defined by the measurement housing and the filling vessel; and
a control device for eliminating an error in the weight caused by changing buoyant force from a gas in the measurement housing before and after filling the fuel gas, the control device being in communication with the temperature sensor and operative to calculate a buoyant force of the gas in the measurement housing based on the measured temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,337,904

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING FLOW OF A MEDIUM

INNOVATIVE SENSOR TECHNOL...

1. A thermal flow sensor for determining flow of a medium, comprising:a substrate;
first and second temperature sensors arranged on said substrate, said first and second temperature sensors are embodied as heatable temperature sensors or as a first non-heatable temperature sensor, which is associated with a first heating element, and as a second non-heatable temperature sensor, which is associated with a second heating element;
a power supply unit, which is embodied to supply said first heatable temperature sensor or said first heating element by means of a first signal with a first heating power determined earlier during an adjustment operation, in which the flow is brought to essentially zero and in which the flow of the medium is held at essentially zero, and to supply said second heatable temperature sensor or said second heating element by means of a second signal with a second heating power, which is different to the first heating power, determined earlier in the adjustment operation; and
an evaluation unit, which is embodied to ascertain a temperature difference (?T) between said first temperature sensor and said second temperature sensor in a measurement operation for determining flow of the medium and to determine, based on the temperature difference (?T), a measured value, which represents the flow of the medium, wherein:
said evaluation unit is embodied to ascertain said first heating power to be supplied to said first heatable temperature sensor or said first heating element in the adjustment operation and to ascertain said second heating power to be supplied to said second heatable temperature sensor or said second heating element in the adjustment operation; and
said evaluation unit is embodied to ascertain said first and second heating powers in such a manner that in case of supplying said first heatable temperature sensor or said first heating element with said first heating power and in case of supplying said second heatable temperature sensor or said second heating element with said second heating power the measured value is essentially zero.

US Pat. No. 10,337,903

MEASUREMENT DEVICE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING A TOPOLOGY OF A SURFACE OF A BULK MATERIAL

VEGA GRIESHABER KG, Wolf...

1. A measurement device for determining a topology of a surface of a bulk material stored in a container, comprising:an antenna arrangement emitting a transmission signal in a primary radiation direction of the antenna arrangement and receiving the transmission signal reflected at least on the surface of the bulk material;
an echo curve generating unit generating an echo curve, which corresponds to the signal strength of the reflected transmission signal over a distance measurement range of the measurement device, from the transmission signal which is reflected and received by the antenna arrangement; and
a positioning device changing the primary radiation direction of the antenna arrangement, in such a way that a series of echo curves can be generated in different primary radiation directions,
wherein the positioning device includes a control system which is configured to:
determine a first topology of the surface of the bulk material, based on a first number of echo curve generations;
determine a fill level;
determine a maximum angle of the primary radiation direction of the antenna arrangement with respect to a vertical axis as a function of the fill level; and
determine a second topology of the surface of the bulk material, based on a reduced second number of echo curve generations, in which the number of echo curves relating to a primary radiation direction of the antenna arrangement above the maximum angle is reduced.

US Pat. No. 10,337,902

GAS-DISPLACEMENT VOLUMETRY

1. A system for gas-displacement volumetry’, comprising:a source of pressurized gas integrated with a holding tank;
a chamber;
a valve disposed between said source of pressurized gas integrated with said integral holding tank and said chamber;
said holding tank and chamber contain gas and have initial pressures when said valve is in a first position; and said holding tank and said chamber having a final pressure when said valve is in a second position.

US Pat. No. 10,337,901

METHOD FOR OPERATING A CORIOLIS MASS FLOWMETER

KROHNE MESSTECHNIK GMBH, ...

1. A method for operating a Coriolis mass flowmeter, wherein the Coriolis mass flowmeter has at least one measuring tube with medium flowing through it, and an electronic control and evaluation unit for controlling the measuring tube with a control signal and for setting excitation frequencies, the method comprising in an operation mode of the Coriolis mass flow meter:exciting the at least one measuring tube to oscillation in at least one frequency and/or in at least one eigenform,
using oscillation sensors for detecting oscillations of the measuring tube, and
using the electronic control and evaluation unit for determining a density of the medium by evaluating the detected oscillations,wherein:at a calibration temperature, a calibration density sensitivity of the Coriolis mass flowmeter is determined by the electronic control and evaluation unit using oscillations of the measuring tube detected by the oscillation sensors,
at a temperature that differs from the calibration temperature and which is independent of the detected oscillations of the measuring tube, a density sensitivity of the Coriolis mass flowmeter is determined by the electronic control and evaluation unit using the oscillations of the measuring tube detected by the oscillation sensors,
a measurement rate of change of density sensitivity is determined by the electronic control and evaluation unit using the calibration density sensitivity determined using the detected oscillations and the density sensitivity at the temperature,
a forecast rate of change of the density sensitivity is calculated by the control and evaluation unit using a forecast algorithm which is dependent on the temperature, and
at a given deviation of the measurement rate of change from the forecast rate of change, exceeds a certain threshold, a deviation signal is generated by the electronic control and evaluation unit which indicates an unwanted change in a dynamic system behavior of the Coriolis mass flowmeter due to a structural change of the measuring tube due to at least one of wear of the measuring tube or deposition of material in the measuring tube.

US Pat. No. 10,337,899

THERMAL FLOW METER WITH THIN RESIN PORTION SEALING TEMPERATURE DETECTION ELEMENT

Hitachi Automotive System...

1. A thermal flow meter comprising:a circuit package including a temperature detection element that detects a temperature of a measurement target gas and a processing unit that processes a signal of the temperature detection element, wherein the temperature detection element and the processing unit are entirely sealed with a single molding resin, and
wherein a thickness of a portion of the single molding resin sealing the temperature detection element is thinner than that of a portion of the single molding resin sealing the processing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,337,898

SENSOR UNIT FOR MEASURING A MASS FLOW RATE OF A LIQUID HOT-MELT ADHESIVE

Nordson Corporation, Wes...

1. A sensor unit for measuring a mass flow rate of a liquid hot-melt adhesive, the sensor unit comprising:a flow channel configured to receive the liquid hot-melt adhesive;
a first temperature measurement device positioned at a first position in the flow channel, wherein the first temperature measurement device is configured to measure a first temperature of the liquid hot-melt adhesive at the first position in the flow channel;
a second temperature measurement device positioned at a second position in the flow channel and a heating device assigned to the second temperature measurement device, wherein the heating device is configured to heat the second temperature measurement device, and the second temperature measurement device is configured to measure a second temperature at the second temperature measurement device; and
a control unit configured to control the heating device and measure the mass flow rate, the control unit being further configured to adjust the temperature of the heating device assigned to the second temperature measurement device to a value, to determine a heating power for heating the heating device assigned to the second temperature measurement device, and to calculate the mass flow rate in the flow channel,
wherein the first temperature measurement device and the second temperature measurement device are arranged substantially parallel to each other in the flow channel.

US Pat. No. 10,337,897

ULTRASOUND FLOW RATE MEASUREMENT APPARATUS AND MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR SAME

SICK ENGINEERING GMBH, O...

1. A method of manufacturing an ultrasound flow rate measurement apparatus, the method comprising the steps of:manufacturing at least one pocket for an ultrasonic transducer from the outside in a line wall of a line section in which a fluid flows in operation;
arranging an ultrasonic transducer in the pocket, wherein the ultrasonic transducer has an oscillating body that couples to a part region of the line wall and that acts as a membrane of the ultrasonic transducer capable of vibration, wherein a manufacturing step of the pocket has a drilling procedure; and
manufacturing a coupling piece with the pocket and arranging the coupling piece between the membrane and the oscillating body after the insertion of the ultrasonic transducer, wherein a cross-section of the coupling piece is smaller than a cross-section of the oscillating body.

US Pat. No. 10,337,896

ULTRASONIC METER

Diehl Metering GmbH, Ans...

1. An ultrasonic meter for detecting a flow rate of a fluid, the ultrasonic meter comprising:a fluid inlet;
a fluid outlet; and
a flow passage connecting said fluid inlet to said fluid outlet, said flow passage having a measuring tube extending in a straight line in a flow direction, said measuring tube having a side wall with an inner side delimiting a flow cross section of said measuring tube, said inner side having at least one groove formed therein and, extending in the flow direction, and enlarges said flow cross section, said side wall having an at least one of an aperture formed therein or a step exclusively within said groove, between a normal region and a recessed region in the flow direction, wherein a groove depth of said groove being greater in said recessed region than in said normal region.

US Pat. No. 10,337,895

ASSEMBLY FOR CONTROL AND/OR MEASUREMENT OF FLUID FLOW

Cameron International Cor...

1. An assembly, the assembly comprising:a fluid flow conduit configured to carry a process fluid stream, the fluid flow conduit defining a first inlet and a first outlet; and
a control fluid feed assembly coupled to the fluid flow conduit and defining a second inlet configured to receive a control fluid, wherein the control fluid feed assembly comprises:
a control portion defining one or more apertures that extend through the control portion, the control portion being disposed between the first inlet and the first outlet of the fluid flow conduit, wherein the control portion is configured to direct a control fluid through the one or more apertures to form a fluid venturi that restricts the flow of the process fluid stream through the fluid flow conduit.

US Pat. No. 10,337,894

SENSOR FOR A FINGERBOARD LATCH ASSEMBLY

Salunda Limited, Oxfords...

1. A sensor system for a fingerboard latch assembly including a latch, the sensor system comprising:a processor;
a sensor assembly including
at least one sensor arranged to sense a position of the latch;
a sensor circuit connected to the at least one sensor and arranged to derive a signal representing the position of the latch; and
a communication circuit arranged to communicate the signal representing the position of the latch;
wherein the processor is arranged to determine at least one parameter of motion of the latch from the signal representing the position of the latch, wherein the at least one parameter of motion includes at least one of:
speed of the latch;
acceleration of the latch;
overshoot of the latch; and
vibration of the latch.

US Pat. No. 10,337,893

OPTICALLY POWERED SENSOR CALIBRATION DATA STORAGE MODULE

Parker-Hannifin Corporati...

1. An optical sensor assembly, comprising:an optical sensor for obtaining sensor data corresponding to a characteristic to be monitored;
a data storage device configured to store operation data;
an opto-electric device for converting an input optical signal to an electric current;
a control circuit operationally connected the opto-electric device and to the data storage device; and
a transmitter operationally connected to the control circuit to optically output the operation data stored in the data storage device;
wherein the data storage device is powered from the opto-electric device, and provides the operation data to the transmitter for optical output of the operation data for manipulation of the sensor data by an external device.

US Pat. No. 10,337,892

SENSOR AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SENSOR

NSK LTD., Tokyo (JP)

1. A sensor comprising:a generating unit that generates a predetermined object to be detected;
a detecting unit that detects the object to be detected generated by the generating unit;
a substrate that is a flexible substrate including:
a first portion provided with the generating unit;
a second portion provided with the detecting unit;
a connecting portion that connects the first portion and the second portion; and
a harness portion including wiring connected to the generating unit and the detecting unit; and
a cylindrical housing that houses:
the substrate excluding the harness portion; and
a rotary body arranged between the generating unit and the detecting unit, wherein,
from a first end of the substrate to a second end of the substrate, one of the first portion and the second portion, the connecting portion, and the other of the first portion and the second portion are sequentially arranged and integrated,
the substrate is bent at a first bending position corresponding to a boundary between the first portion and the connecting portion and at a second bending position corresponding to a boundary between the second portion and the connecting portion to have a C shape such that a first surface of the first portion with the generating unit thereon and a second surface of the second portion with the detecting unit thereon face each other,
a support member for keeping a surface at which an electronic component is provided in a plane manner is attached to a back-side surface of at least one of the first surface of the first portion at which electronic components including the generating unit are provided and the second surface of the second portion at which electronic components including the detecting unit are provided,
the housing includes:
a first housing that operably supports the rotary body and that has an opening portion;
a second housing to which a part of the substrate is fixed; and
a cover that covers the opening portion of the first housing,
the other of the first portion and the second portion is fixed to the second housing,
the second housing includes two support portions facing each other across the other of the first portion and the second portion,
the two support portions each include: an arc-shaped inner peripheral portion that is in contact with a circular outer periphery of the other of the first portion and the second portion; and an arc-shaped outer peripheral portion that is along a cylindrical inner peripheral surface of the first housing, and
the opening portion is provided such that the substrate and the two support portions are insertable into the opening portion in a state where the substrate is bent such that the first portion and the second portion are parallel to each other and the other of the first portion and the second portion is fixed to the second housing.

US Pat. No. 10,337,891

MAGNETIC DETECTION APPARATUS WITH A TUNNEL MAGNETORESISTIVE ELEMENT

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A magnetic detection apparatus comprising:an element having a magnetic tunnel junction structure configured such that an insulating layer is sandwiched between a pinned layer having a fixed magnetization direction and a free layer having a magnetization direction that varies freely;
a magnet disposed in order to apply a magnetic field to said element; and
a rotating magnetic moving body having an irregular shape that induces change in said magnetic field,
said magnetic detection apparatus being configured such that when, using said element as a reference, said magnetization direction of said pinned layer is set as an X axis direction, a direction perpendicular to said X axis direction and perpendicular to a plane of said pinned layer is set as a Z axis direction, and a direction perpendicular to an XZ plane constituted by said X axis direction and said Z axis direction is set as a Y axis direction, said magnetic moving body, which is disposed opposite said element in said Y axis direction via a gap relative to said element, rotates about a rotary shaft such that a part thereof disposed opposite said element moves in a parallel direction to said X axis direction, whereby said magnetic detection apparatus detects said irregular shape of said part disposed opposite said element from a magnetic resistance that varies as said magnetic moving body rotates, wherein
said magnet is polarized in said Z axis direction, and disposed in said Z axis direction via a gap relative to said element.

US Pat. No. 10,337,890

INTEGRATED MICRO ACTUATOR AND LVDT FOR HIGH PRECISION POSITION MEASUREMENTS

Oxford Instruments AFM In...

2. A detector, comprising:a housing, having a top surface that holds a sample to be tested on one part of the top surface, and having and side surfaces that are perpendicular to said top surface;
said top surface controlled to move, by actuating a moving part to move said top surface with the sample held on the top surface,
said moving part moving one part of the housing relative to another part of the housing when actuated, where said one part moves in a z-axis direction substantially perpendicular to said top surface; and
a differential detector, differentially detecting movement of said one part with the sample to be tested on said one part of the housing relative to the housing and producing an output signal indicative thereof, wherein said one part of said housing includes an energized primary coil wound on a primary coil surface that is substantially perpendicular to said top surface, and said another part of said housing includes first and second parts of a secondary coil wound on a secondary coil surface that is substantially perpendicular to said top surface.

US Pat. No. 10,337,889

INDUCTIVE POSITION DETERMINATION

ZF FRIEDRICHSHAFEN AG, F...

1. A device for inductive position determination, comprising:a coil;
a positional element;
a scanning device for determining an inductance of the coil; and
an evaluation device for determining a position of the positional element in relation to the coil, based on the inductance determined, wherein the positional element comprises a ferromagnetic and electrically insulated material, wherein a ferromagnetic and electrically insulated element is mounted on the coil.

US Pat. No. 10,337,888

SENSOR CIRCUIT, A SENSOR DEVICE AND A METHOD FOR FORMING A SENSOR CIRCUIT

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A sensor circuit comprising:a plurality of half-bridge sensor circuits;
a sensor output value determination circuit configured to determine a sensor output value based on at least one half-bridge sensor signal provided by one of the half-bridge sensor circuits of the plurality of half-bridge sensor circuits;
an error determination circuit configured to generate an error signal based on a first half-bridge sensor signal generated by a first half-bridge sensor circuit of the plurality of half-bridge sensor circuits and a second half-bridge sensor signal generated by a second half-bridge sensor circuit of the plurality of half-bridge sensor circuits, wherein the first and second half-bridge sensor circuits are identical, redundant, and formed adjacently; and
a control circuit configured to control, based on the error signal, a selection of one of the first half-bridge sensor circuit and the second half-bridge sensor circuit for providing one of the first half-bridge sensor signal and the second half-bridge sensor signal to the sensor output value determination circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,337,886

ACTIVE PROXIMITY SENSOR WITH ADAPTIVE ELECTRIC FIELD CONTROL

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A proximity sensor assembly comprising:a proximity sensor configured to generate an electric field emanating from the proximity sensor assembly, the proximity sensor having a first side surface, a second opposite side surface, and a sensor pad having an applied conductive material;
an insulating layer in overlapping contact with the first side surface of the proximity sensor; and
a segmented electrode having two or more segments, the two or more segments in overlapping contact with the insulating layer and overlapping the applied conductive material of the sensor pad at the first side surface of the proximity sensor, at least a first segment of the segmented electrode being configured to direct the electric field emanating from the proximity sensor and at least a second segment of the segmented electrode being configured to direct the electric field emanating from the proximity sensor differently than the first segment by repelling point charges through the applied conductive material from the first segment and concentrating the point charges in the applied conductive material at the second segment.

US Pat. No. 10,337,885

VOLTAGE PATTERN ANALYSIS SYSTEM AND METHOD

INVENTUS HOLDINGS, LLC, ...

1. A method employing voltage pattern analysis, said method comprising:receiving, by voltage pattern analysis (VPA) module operating on one or more computing devices, meter readings from each of a first plurality of meters assigned to a given distribution node in a set of distribution nodes in a metered utility distribution system over a given period of time, wherein the meter readings comprises a voltage time series for the given period of time for each meter of the first plurality of meters;
calculating, by the VPA module, a voltage signal correlation for each meter of the first plurality of meters assigned to the given distribution node in the set of distribution nodes;
imputing, by the VPA module, a voltage signal correlation for each distribution node in the set of distribution nodes;
performing, by the VPA module an outlier analysis by comparing an individual meter correlation with results of said imputing to identify a meter candidate for reassignment, wherein the voltage signal correlation between the meter candidate and the first plurality of meters exceeds a misassociation threshold; and
responsive, by the VPA module, to said performing, for a meter of the first plurality of meters identified as the meter candidate, identifying a different distribution node of the set of distribution nodes within a specified radius as a distribution node candidate;
reassign the meter candidate to the different distribution node, wherein the reassigning comprises:
imputing a modified voltage signal correlation between the meter candidate and the distribution node candidate; and
assigning the meter candidate to the distribution node candidate in response to determining that the modified voltage signal correlation between the meter candidate and the distribution node candidate is an improvement over the voltage signal correlation between the meter candidate and the given distribution node.

US Pat. No. 10,337,884

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FAST MAGNETOMETER CALIBRATION

InvenSense, Inc., San Jo...

1. A method for fast calibration of a magnetometer from natural motion with little space coverage, the method comprising the steps of:a) obtaining earth magnetic field information in a region where the magnetometer is located, the magnetic field information to be used as reference values;
b) collecting magnetometer readings; and
c) providing at least one processor configured to:
i) obtain an absolute heading from a source of absolute navigational information that is different from the magnetometer, the absolute heading to be used as a second reference; and
ii) make a determination of sufficient space coverage using at least the absolute heading, wherein the determination of sufficient space coverage comprises at least angular separation values in a heading domain; and
d) based at least in part on the determination of sufficient space coverage made by the at least one processor, calibrating the magnetometer by calculating calibration parameters when the sufficient space coverage is available, wherein the calculation of calibration parameters comprises calculating error parameters in the magnetometer readings using a relationship between at least the earth magnetic field information, the magnetometer readings, the absolute heading from the source of absolute navigational information that is different from the magnetometer, and the error parameters in the magnetometer readings.

US Pat. No. 10,337,883

ACCELERATION CORRECTED ATTITUDE ESTIMATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

FLIR SYSTEMS, INC., Wils...

1. A system comprising:a logic device configured to receive one or more sensor signals from one or more sensors mounted on a mobile structure, and determine a stabilized attitude estimate for the mobile structure, wherein the logic device is adapted to:
receive an angular velocity, an acceleration, and a speed of the mobile structure;
determine a motion compensated acceleration of the mobile structure from the acceleration of the mobile structure and, at least in part, the angular velocity and/or speed;
determine an estimated absolute coordinate frame based on the motion compensated acceleration and, at least in part, the angular velocity, and/or the speed;
determine the stabilized attitude estimate based, at least in part, on the angular velocity and the estimated absolute coordinate frame; and
control operation of the mobile structure based, at least in part, on the stabilized attitude estimate.

US Pat. No. 10,337,882

OPTICAL PROJECTION SYSTEM AND DEVICES THEREOF

OPTICSER CO., LTD., New ...

6. An optical projection system, comprising:an imaging unit to project at least one predefined image;
a reflector to receive and reflect the predefined image;
a reflective curved mirror set at one side of the imaging unit and located in the reflective path of the reflector to provide for adjusting the imaging path, reducing the virtual image aberration, and projecting the predefined image on a windshield and furthermore reflecting to the user's eyes; wherein the virtual image is imaged at the outer side of the windshield; and
at least one optical lens set in the imaging path to magnify the predefined image;
wherein the imaging unit, the reflector, and the reflective curved mirror are located at the same horizontal plane to make the imaging path gain a vertical component only from the reflective curved mirror.

US Pat. No. 10,337,881

NAVIGATION DEVICE, VEHICLE, AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A navigation device comprising:a display device configured to display an image acquired from a front-view camera of a vehicle, to overlay a travel route on the displayed image, and to display the overlaid resultant image; and
a processor configured to determine a travel route starting from a position of the vehicle acting as an ego vehicle, when a peripheral vehicle is located at the determined travel route, to determine a travel route along which the ego vehicle dodges or follows the peripheral vehicle on a basis of a position of the peripheral vehicle, and to display the determined travel route on the display unit,
wherein the processor matches the image acquired from the front-view camera with a map using position information of the ego vehicle, overlays the travel route with the image, and controls the overlaid resultant image to be displayed so as not to pass through the peripheral vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,337,880

BURDEN ESTIMATION DEVICE AND BURDEN ESTIMATION METHOD

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI,...

1. A burden estimation device comprising:circuitry including a storage unit for storing programs and a control unit for executing the programs stored in the storage unit, the control unit configured to control:
a state space configuration unit that defines a state space, wherein the state space is defined in correspondence with a travel route along which a user travels to a destination while changing methods of travel, the state space includes states that correspond to the travel route along which the user travels and in which the states are continuous over time, each of the states is defined by combining multiple types of data that characterize burden on the user as the user travels;
a history learning unit configured to acquire from the user and store in a storage unit data related to the burden on the user when the user travels to the destination along the travel route;
an individual burden estimation unit configured to evaluate a total travel burden as a comprehensive burden on the user when the user travels to the destination along the travel route based on the data related to the burden stored in the storage unit, and the individual burden estimation unit is further configured to estimate an individual burden that is the burden on the user in correspondence with each of the states included in the state space through reinforcement learning that sets the total travel burden as a reward; and
a total travel burden estimation unit configured to estimate the total travel burden corresponding to an unknown travel route based on the estimated individual burden if the unknown travel route is set and the individual burden has already been estimated for at least some of the states defined in correspondence with the unknown travel route, wherein
the user sets the travel route using a portable information terminal and the history learning unit instructs the portable information terminal to have a dialog with the user when the user arrives at destination of the set travel route.

US Pat. No. 10,337,879

TRAVEL ASSISTANCE

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprising:a drive intent determiner to determine that a user is to begin driving a vehicle in the near future based on one or more of data corresponding to a mobile device associated with the user that is to indicate the user is approaching the vehicle or data corresponding to the mobile device that is to indicate a connection is established between the mobile device and the vehicle before the user is to start the vehicle;
a destination determiner to determine one or more predicted destinations when the user is to begin driving the vehicle in the near future; and
a drive adviser to provide, via a user interface, travel assistance to the user based on the one or more predicted destinations.

US Pat. No. 10,337,878

SEARCH SYSTEM

CLARION CO., LTD., Saita...

1. A search system comprising:an information providing server comprising a main database,
a relay server comprising a temporary storage database, and
an in-vehicle terminal comprising a microphone,
wherein the in-vehicle terminal comprises an in-vehicle terminal communication circuit which transmits an in-vehicle terminal ID and a spoken voice input from the microphone as a voice signal to the relay server; and
wherein the relay server comprises:
a voice recognition circuit which converts the voice signal received from the in-vehicle terminal into a data string;
a communication circuit which communicates with the information providing server and the in-vehicle terminal; and
a control circuit which searches for information stored in the main database or the temporary storage database by using the data string and sends a search result to the in-vehicle terminal, and upon searching for information stored in the main database, stores the search result with the in-vehicle terminal ID in the temporary storage database,
wherein upon receiving a voice signal and the in-vehicle terminal ID, when information associated with the in-vehicle terminal ID is stored in the temporary storage database, the control circuit searches for information stored in the temporary storage database by using the data string, wherein, when the information associated with the in-vehicle terminal ID is not stored in the temporary storage database, the control circuit searches for information stored in the main database by using the data string, wherein
when there is no match in searching for information stored in the temporary storage database by using the data string, the control circuit searches for information stored in the main database and sends a search result to the in-vehicle terminal and stores the search result in the temporary storage database, wherein
wherein the data and the search result stored in the main database include one or more pieces of facility information, the facility information is configured from a facility name and one or more facility attributes associated with the facility name, and the facility attribute is configured from a facility attribute name and a facility attribute value, and
wherein, when the received in-vehicle terminal ID is stored in the temporary storage database, the control circuit separates the data string into a first keyword as the facility name and a second keyword as the facility attribute name based on a predetermined pattern matching, and when the first keyword is included in the information stored in the temporary storage database and the second keyword associated with the first keyword is not included in the information, the control circuit sends a message to the in-vehicle terminal without searching the information stored in the main database, wherein the message indicates that the first keyword is included in the information and the second keyword associated with the first keyword is not included in the information.

US Pat. No. 10,337,877

COMMUNICATION WITH MOBILE DEVICES UTILIZING LIGHT EMITTING DIODES

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A computer-implemented method for modifying a path of travel comprising:transmitting independent location identifiers to individual light-emitting diodes (“LEDs”) of a set of LEDs, wherein transmitting the independent location identifiers causes the individual LEDs to emit respective independent location identifiers encoded as a series of successive light emissions;
receiving an identification of one or more independent location identifiers from a client computing device; and
identifying one or more action suggestions based on processing the received identification of one or more independent location identifiers.

US Pat. No. 10,337,876

CONSTRAINED-TRANSPORTATION DIRECTIONS

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

1. A method implemented by a client computing device for providing accurate navigation directions, the client computing device configured to receive data from at least a service provider server over a network, the method comprising:determining, by a processor of the client computing device, based on location data determined via a local component of the client computing device, that a user is traveling on a constrained transportation vehicle that is moving at a time when navigation directions to a destination are requested;
by the processor, invoking at least one resource service of the service provider server:
receiving information from the invoked resource service of the service provider server at the processor, the information including parameters indicative of restrictions to a known route the user is traveling on the constrained transportation vehicle, the restrictions including the constrained transportation vehicle restricted to following the known route and predetermined stops;
in memory of the client computing device, storing the parameters for access by the processor;
computing, by the processor, an initial route to the destination based on the user traveling on moving constrained transportation at a start of the initial route and the restrictions to the known route the constrained transportation vehicle is restricted to follow, the initial route to the destination further computed based on an assumption that the start of the initial route is a non-static location from which the user cannot control the traveling, the initial route stored in the memory of the client computing device;
by the processor and using location data, detecting a deviation from the initial route;
from the service provider server and the memory of the client computing device, collecting the parameters of the constrained transportation vehicle and parameters of other constrained transportation vehicles that are configured to carry the user to the destination;
based on detecting the deviation, by the processor, programmatically recalculating with the collected parameters of the constrained transportation vehicle and of the other constrained transportation vehicles the route to the destination, the recalculated route including at least one vehicle of the other constrained transportation vehicles;
generating, by the processor, digital content indicative of the navigation directions to direct the user to the destination according to the recalculated route; and
outputting, by the processor, the digital content via the client computing device to present the navigation directions.

US Pat. No. 10,337,875

CONVERTING BETWEEN DATA STRUCTURES TO DETERMINE A SHORTEST PATH BETWEEN TWO GEOGRAPHIC LOCATIONS

Verizon Patent and Licens...

1. A device, comprising:a memory; and
one or more processors to:
receive, from a user device, a request to determine a set of navigational directions from an initial geographic location to a destination geographic location;
obtain a set of traffic objects, associated with a first map layer, based on receiving the request,
the set of traffic objects including nodes to identify one or more geographic locations and one or more links to identify one or more geographic areas between the nodes,
the set of traffic objects cover one or more paths between the initial geographic location and the destination geographic location;
determine a shortest-path tree by analyzing the set of traffic objects associated with the first map layer,
the shortest-path tree being associated with a static data structure;
generate a dynamic data structure that includes the shortest-path tree and a set of additional traffic objects associated with a second map layer that is different than the first map layer,
the set of additional traffic objects cover a geographic area around the initial geographic location or the destination geographic location, and
the first map layer being associated with roads that span a longer distance than roads associated with the second map layer;
determine a shortest path by analyzing traffic objects associated with the shortest-path tree and the set of additional traffic objects; and
provide, to the user device, the set of navigational directions,
the set of navigational directions indicating the shortest path.

US Pat. No. 10,337,874

ROUTE SELECTION BASED ON AUTOMATIC-MANUAL DRIVING PREFERENCE RATIO

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A navigation system for a vehicle equipped with an autonomous driving system, the navigation system comprising:a human-machine interface including a display and a user control; and
an electronic controller communicative coupled to the human-machine interface and configured to
calculate a plurality of travel routes from a determined starting point to a defined destination point;
determine which portions of each travel route will utilize automated driving operation and which portions will utilize manual driving operation;
define, based on an input from the user control, an automatic-manual driving preference ratio indicating a driver preference for an amount of manual driving operation relative to an amount of automatic driving operation;
automatically select a route from the plurality of travel routes that most closely matches the defined automatic-manual driving preference ratio; and
output the selected route on the display.

US Pat. No. 10,337,873

NAVIGATION APPARATUS, VEHICLE INCLUDING THE NAVIGATION APPARATUS, AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A navigation apparatus comprising:a receiver for receiving weather information for one or more areas;
a map data storage in which map data is stored;
a controller for generating one or more path sections using the weather information for the one or more areas and for determining a driving path for consuming a minimum amount of air conditioning power using the weather information and the map data for each path section; and
a display for displaying the driving path for consuming the minimum amount of air conditioning power determined by the controller,
wherein the controller is configured to calculate the air conditioning power consumed by a vehicle per hour for one or more traveling routes and to calculate the air conditioning power using a flow rate of air ejected into the vehicle, a mixing ratio of indoor air, and a target ejection temperature of the air which flows into the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,337,872

VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEM, VEHICLE CONTROL METHOD, AND VEHICLE CONTROL PROGRAM

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A vehicle control system comprising:an autonomous driving controller configured to execute autonomous driving which autonomously controls at least one of speed control and steering control to allow a vehicle to travel along a route to a destination; and
a factor acquisition section configured to acquire a factor which is independent of a travel requirement for the vehicle to travel by autonomously driving along the route to the destination, wherein
the autonomous driving controller changes a plan of the autonomous driving based on the factor acquired by the factor acquisition section.

US Pat. No. 10,337,871

UTILIZING A GEO-LOCATOR SERVICE AND ZONE SERVERS TO REDUCE COMPUTER RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS FOR DETERMINING HIGH QUALITY SOLUTIONS TO ROUTING PROBLEMS

MAPANYTHING, INC., Charl...

1. A system configured to reduce server resource requirements for determining optimized solutions to routing problems, the system comprising:(a) a geo-locator service at a first server maintaining electronic data corresponding to a plurality of defined zones each corresponding to a geographic area, wherein
(i) each defined zone has a defined boundary,
(ii) a plurality of the defined zones each overlap with other of the defined zones, and
(iii) a plurality of the defined zones are each located entirely within another defined zone; and
(b) a plurality of zone servers each including road network data for one or more of the zones of the plurality of defined zones;
(c) wherein the geo-locator service is configured to
(i) electronically receive a request communicated from a requesting device, the received request comprising information for a plurality of locations involved in a routing problem,
(ii) electronically determine, based on the received information for the plurality of locations and the maintained data corresponding to the plurality of defined zones, a smallest defined zone that contains all of the locations of the plurality of locations, and
(iii) electronically return, to the requesting device in response to the received request, data comprising an indication of the determined zone and an identifier for the zone server corresponding to the determined zone; and
(d) wherein each zone server is configured to
(i) receive, from a requesting device, problem data for a routing problem comprising data for a plurality of locations involved in the routing problem,
(ii) electronically determine, a set of one or more optimized solutions to the routing problem using a plurality of calculated travel time estimates accessed from one or more computed shortest path matrices; and
(iii) return, to the requesting device, data corresponding to the determined set of one or more optimized solutions to the routing problem.

US Pat. No. 10,337,870

EVACUATION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR EVACUATING TRAPPED PERSONNEL

Wipro Limited, Bangalore...

1. A method of generating a dynamic route map for a person in an enclosed space, the method comprising:receiving by a RFID reader via a plurality of RFID reader antennas, Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) readings of a plurality of RFID floor tags, RSSI readings of a plurality of self-identifying RFID reader antenna tags, RSSI readings of a person identifier tag associated with the person;
sensing, by environmental sensors, environmental information;
comparing the RSSI readings of the person identifier tag with the RSSI readings of the plurality of RFID floor tags and the RSSI readings of the plurality of self-identifying RFID reader antenna tags to identify a location of the person;
comparing the RSSI readings of the plurality of RFID floor tags and the RSSI readings of the plurality of self-identifying RFID reader antenna tags and the environmental information with pre-defined baseline RSSI readings of the plurality of RFID floor tags, RSSI readings of the plurality of self-identifying RFID reader antenna tags and an environmental threshold for assessing the condition of floor of the enclosed space;
generating a dynamic floor map based on the RSSI readings of the plurality of RFID floor tags and the RSSI readings of the plurality of self-identifying RFID reader antenna tags; and
generating a dynamic route map for the person based on identified location of the person, the dynamic floor map, the condition of the floor of the enclosed space, the RSSI readings of the plurality of RFID floor tags, the RSSI readings of the plurality of self-identifying RFID reader antenna tags and the environmental information.

US Pat. No. 10,337,869

TRAIL INTERPOLATION

HERE Global B.V., Eindho...

18. A non-transitory computer readable storage medium stored with code thereon for use by an apparatus, which when executed by a processor, causes the apparatus to perform:collecting a plurality of probe data from a plurality of probe points by a probing device of a navigation device moving along at least one road segment, said probe data comprising at least positional information, a speed vector and a direction of travel of the probing device and a timestamp of recording the probe data at a probe point, wherein for said probe points at a recording time of the probe data, the speed vector of the probing device corresponds to a continuous first derivative of a trajectory of the probing device and acceleration of the probing device corresponds to a second derivative of the trajectory of the probing device with the second derivative having a continuous value;
estimating a trajectory of the probing device between two consecutive probe points by determining a data set representing an estimate of an actual trajectory of the probing device on the basis of two or more consecutive probe points fulfilling a requirement of continuous values for the first and second derivatives of the trajectory of the probing device and applying a polynomial interpolation of at least degree of five on said data set;
providing a digital map comprising the at least one road segment; and
displaying the estimated trajectory of the probing device of the navigation device along with the digital map on a display of the navigation device.

US Pat. No. 10,337,868

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RECOGNIZING MOTION FEATURE OF USER, USING ORTHOGONAL SEMISUPERVISED NON-NEGATIVE MATRIX FACTORIZATION (OSSNMF)-BASED FEATURE DATA

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

12. A non-transitory computer readable medium including instructions, which when executed by one or more processors, cause any of the one or more processors of a mobile terminal to perform a method of recognizing a user's motions using an orthogonal semi-supervised non-negative data factorization, the method comprising:measuring, using a plurality of sensors by one or more processors of the mobile terminal, sensor data;
determining, by the one or more processors, label data from the measured sensor data;
generating, by the one or more processors, a spectrogram of the measured sensor data based on a conversion of the measured sensor data from a time domain to a frequency domain;
generating, by the one or more processors, first and second motion feature data associated with the user and extracted, using an orthogonal conversion, from the measured sensor data, based on the generated spectrogram of the measured sensor data and the label data, so that the orthogonal conversion does not include performing an additional inversion of the measured sensor data, resulting in improving an accuracy of the extracting of motion features data and reducing resource requirement to perform the orthogonal conversion, thereby improving a performance of the recognizing of the user's motions;
repeatedly performing, by the one or more processors, the orthogonal conversion, associated with the measured sensor data, while the first and second motion feature data are updated every time when the orthogonal conversion is performed; and
performing the recognizing of, by the one or more processors, the user's motions based on extracted motion feature data of the user's motions and combined motion feature data of the first and second motion feature data.

US Pat. No. 10,337,867

SYMMETRICAL WAVELENGTH MULTIPLEXOR FOR FIBER OPTIC GYRO SOURCE

NORTHROP GRUMMAN SYSTEMS ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a symmetrical wavelength multiplexor (SWM) that includes a first port that receives a depolarized beam of light of a first center wavelength for a first wavelength range, wherein the SWM is an optical circulator,
a second port of the SWM receives a second center wavelength of light for a second wavelength range that is greater than the first wavelength range, and
a third port of the SWM provides a light having a substantially symmetrical wavelength to drive a fiber optic gyroscope (FOG) in accordance with the second center wavelength, wherein the depolarized beam of light of the first center wavelength travels from the first port to the second port of the SWM and light of the second center wavelength travels from the second port to the third port of the SWM, wherein the SWM mitigates spectral asymmetries between orthogonal axes of the second wavelength.

US Pat. No. 10,337,866

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MAGNETIC INTERFERENCE COMPENSATION OF AN EMBEDDED MAGNETOMETER

MOTOROLA SOLUTIONS, INC.,...

1. A method for operating a mobile communications device that includes an electronic processor, a memory, and a magnetometer, the method comprising:determining, by the electronic processor, an active operational mode of at least one electrical component of the mobile communication device;
retrieving, from the memory and based on the active operational mode, at least one predetermined calibration parameter for compensating for a magnetic field distortion caused by the at least one electrical component while in the active electronic operational mode;
obtaining, from the magnetometer, a magnetic field reading; and
determining, by the electronic processor, a calibrated magnetic field value for the magnetic field reading based on the at least one predetermined calibration parameter to calibrate the magnetometer;
wherein determining an active operational mode includes determining at least one selected from the group consisting of a radio network status, a tethering status, a screen backlight brightness, a short-range wireless network status, a media player status, and a battery charger status.

US Pat. No. 10,337,865

GEODETIC SURVEYING SYSTEM

LEICA GEOSYSTEMS AG, Hee...

1. A surveying system having a position determination unit for determining a target position in a defined coordinate system, and having a mobile measurement unit for definition and/or position determination of measurement points in the coordinate system, whereinthe surveying system comprises a control unit for allowing a user to control a surveying task of the surveying system in a surveying environment in order to acquire surveying task data that is related to the surveying task and comprises spatial coordinates of at least one measurement point, wherein the control unit is adapted as a hand-held rugged field device or as a part of the mobile measurement unit,
the surveying system is adapted to capture and/or receive environment data of the surveying environment, the environment data being referenced to the coordinate system and comprising point cloud data that is related to at least one point cloud of the surveying environment, and
the control unit comprises a processor unit for processing the surveying task data, a data storage unit for storing the surveying task data and the environment data, and an electronic graphical display for displaying a visualization of the surveying task data to the user,
wherein the control unit is adapted to provide a virtual walkthrough functionality in a three-dimensional representation of the surveying environment, in the course of which virtual walkthrough functionality the control unit is adapted to:
dynamically define a position of a virtual camera based on a determined position of the mobile measurement unit or of the control unit, and
dynamically visualize at least a part of the three-dimensional representation of the surveying environment in real-time on the display with a viewpoint arbitrarily chosen in the surveying environment,
wherein:
the virtual camera and the viewpoint are movable through the three-dimensional representation, the movement of the virtual camera and the viewpoint depending on a determined movement of the mobile measurement unit or of the control unit, and
the three-dimensional representation visualized with the chosen viewpoint comprises at least a representation of the surveying task data and a representation of the environment data.

US Pat. No. 10,337,864

METHOD FOR CALCULATING THE DISTANCE TO A GROUND TARGET FROM AN AERIAL VEHICLE

FLIR Unmanned Aerial Syst...

1. A method for determining a distance from an aerial vehicle to a target feature using an image sensor and an aviation altitude sensor each coupled to the aerial vehicle, the method comprising:capturing, at a first position of the aerial vehicle, a first image including the target feature and a number of adjacent features;
receiving a first aviation altitude corresponding to the first position of the aerial vehicle;
altering a vertical position of the aerial vehicle from the first position to a second position of the aerial vehicle;
capturing, at the second position of the aerial vehicle, a second image including the target feature and the number of adjacent features;
receiving a second aviation altitude corresponding to the second position of the aerial vehicle; and
determining a target distance from the second position of the aerial vehicle to the target feature, wherein the target distance is based at least in part on the first aviation altitude, the second aviation altitude, a first pixel position of the target feature in the first image, and a second pixel position of the target feature in the second image.

US Pat. No. 10,337,863

SURVEY SYSTEM

TOPCON CORPORATION, Itab...

1. A survey system comprising:a photographing portion provided in a movable body and taking a plurality of images for photogrammetry;
a surveying portion tracking the photographing portion and continuously determining a position of the photographing portion;
a relative photographing position calculation portion calculating a relative photographing position of each image based on the plurality of images taken by the photographing portion;
a traveling path calculation portion calculating a traveling path of the movable body from a survey result obtained by the surveying portion; and
a photogrammetry analysis portion
associating
a point group of the relative photographing positions calculated by the relative photographing position calculation portion with
the traveling path calculated by the traveling path calculation portion and
generating data for photogrammetry.

US Pat. No. 10,337,862

DIGITAL MAPPING SYSTEM BASED ON CONTINUOUS SCANNING LINE OF SIGHT

RAFAEL ADVANCED DEFENSE S...

1. Apparatus for capturing images while in motion, comprising:at least one camera having a digital sensor, housed within an aircraft defining a primary direction of flight, for capturing aerial images of ground terrain;
a motor for rotating said at least one camera about an axis so as to generate a back-and-forth sweeping motion for a field of view of said at least one camera transverse to said axis;
an optical assembly connected to said at least one camera, said optical assembly including a tilt-mirror assembly including a first mirror and an actuator associated with said first mirror for tilting said first mirror about at least one tilt-mirror axis; and
a motion compensation controller associated with said tilt-mirror assembly and configured to actuate said tilt-mirror assembly such that, while said motor rotates said at least one camera smoothly and continuously to generate said sweeping motion of said field of view, said motion compensation controller actuates said actuator to tilt said first mirror about said at least one tilt-mirror axis synchronously with sampling of a plurality of images so as to cancel-out said sweeping motion of said field of view during each image exposure, thereby stabilizing a line of sight of said at least one camera for sampling of each image.

US Pat. No. 10,337,861

IMAGE GENERATING DEVICE FOR GENERATING DEPTH MAP WITH PHASE DETECTION PIXEL

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An image generating device comprising:an image sensor including,
a plurality of image sensor pixels configured to generate image signals corresponding to an object, and
a plurality of phase detection pixels configured to generate first and second phase signals used to calculate a phase difference between images;
a lens driver configured to adjust a position of a lens to adjust a distance between the lens and the object;
a phase difference calculator configured to,
calculate first phase differences based on the first phase signals, the first phase signals being generated when the lens is in a first position, and
calculate second phase differences based on the second phase signals, the second phase signals being generated after the lens is moved from the first position to a second position that is different from the first position;
a phase difference predictor configured to predict values of the second phase differences based on the calculated first phase differences;
a reliability level calculator configured to calculate a first reliability level associated with the first phase differences and a second reliability level associated with the second phase differences, based on at least one of the predicted values of the second phase differences, the calculated second phase differences, and a direction of a change in a spatial frequency value when the lens moves from the first position to the second position; and
a depth map generator configured to,
generate first depth data and second depth data based on the first phase differences and the second phase differences, respectively, each of the first depth data and the second depth data being associated with a distance between the plurality of phase detection pixels and the object, and
generate a depth map based on both the first depth data and the second depth data, by applying weight values to the first depth data and the second depth data based on the first reliability level and the second reliability level, respectively, such that an error included in the first depth data or the second depth data is corrected to generate the depth map.

US Pat. No. 10,337,860

DISTANCE SENSOR INCLUDING ADJUSTABLE FOCUS IMAGING SENSOR

MAGIK EYE INC., New York...

1. A method for calculating a distance to an object, the method comprising:simultaneously activating a first projection point and a second projection point of a distance sensor to collectively project a reference pattern into a field of view;
activating a third projection point of the distance sensor to project a measurement pattern into the field of view;
capturing an image of the field of view, wherein the object, the reference pattern, and the measurement pattern are visible in the image;
calculating a distance from the distance sensor to the object based on an appearance of the measurement pattern in the image;
detecting a movement of a lens of the distance sensor based on an appearance of the reference pattern in the image; and
adjusting the distance as calculated based on the movement as detected.

US Pat. No. 10,337,859

HIGH-SENSITIVITY GAS-MAPPING 3D IMAGER AND METHOD OF OPERATION

Bridger Photonics, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising:modulating an output wavelength of a laser such that a modulation amplitude, modulation frequency, and modulation phase of the laser output are known;
transmitting a portion of the laser output to a surface;
receiving a portion of the laser output scattered from the surface;
producing a laser wavelength modulation spectroscopy signal from the received scattered laser output;
using output laser parameters to create an approximate functional form or a look-up table of an absorption sensitivity coefficient (?); and
computing a gas concentration using the laser wavelength modulation spectroscopy signal with the approximate functional form or the look-up table of the absorption sensitivity coefficient (?).

US Pat. No. 10,337,858

DEVICE FOR DETECTING A SURFACE OF BULK MATERIALS

KROHNE MESSTECHNIK GMBH, ...

1. A device for detecting a surface of a bulk material, the device comprising:a transmitter unit having a radiation direction for transmitting a measuring signal,
a receiver unit for receiving a measuring signal reflected on the surface of the bulk material,
a control and evaluation unit for controlling an alignment of the radiation direction and for evaluating the received measuring signal, and
an alignment arrangement for aligning the transmitter unit,
wherein the alignment arrangement comprises at least one connecting element for connection to the transmitter unit, at least one bearing element, and at least one positioning member,
the connecting element is pivotably connected to the bearing element via the positioning member,
an alignment of the transmitter unit is changeable by the positioning member, and
the positioning member comprises a shape memory element that actively changes its shape under variations of an influencing parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,337,857

MULTI-SPECTRAL BORESIGHT ALIGNMENT METHODS AND SYSTEMS

RAYTHEON COMPANY, Waltha...

11. A multi-sensor boresight alignment system comprising:a system interface component configured to receive a first image frame from a first imaging sensor and a second image frame from a second imaging sensor, the first image frame having an image contrast within a first spectral band and including a first image of a plate having a pattern of apertures arranged in a surface thereof, and the second image frame having an image contrast within a second spectral band and including a second image of the plate having the pattern of apertures; and
at least one field programmable gate array coupled to the system interface component, the field programmable gate array being configured to:
spot track the first image frame to identify a first centroid of the pattern of apertures within the first image frame,
spot track the second image frame to identify a second centroid of the pattern of apertures within the second image frame, and
correct an optical alignment between the first imaging sensor and the second imaging sensor based at least in part on a position of the first centroid within the first image frame and a position of the second centroid within the second image frame.

US Pat. No. 10,337,856

POSITION DETECTION APPARATUS, POSITION DETECTION METHOD, IMPRINT APPARATUS, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ARTICLE

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A position detection apparatus comprising:a detection unit configured to detect moire caused by overlap between a first diffraction grating including a plurality of patterns arrayed in a first direction and a second diffraction grating including a plurality of patterns arrayed in the first direction; and
a processing unit configured to obtain a relative position of the first diffraction grating and the second diffraction grating based on the moire,
wherein a pitch of the plurality of patterns of the first diffraction grating is constant and a pitch of the plurality of patterns of the second diffraction grating is constant,
wherein the pitch of the plurality of patterns of the first diffraction grating and the pitch of the plurality of patterns of the second diffraction grating are different from each other, and
wherein a width of the pattern at an end portion of the plurality of patterns of the first diffraction grating is smaller than widths of remaining patterns of the plurality of patterns of the first diffraction grating, or
wherein the width of the pattern at the end portion of the plurality of patterns of the first diffraction grating is smaller than widths of remaining patterns of the plurality of patterns of the first diffraction grating and a width of the pattern at an end portion of the plurality of patterns of the second diffraction grating is smaller than widths of remaining patterns of the plurality of patterns of the second diffraction grating.

US Pat. No. 10,337,855

METHOD OF IMAGING AN OBJECT FOR TRACKING AND DOCUMENTATION IN TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGE

Mettler-Toledo GmbH, Gre...

1. A system for dimensioning an object, comprisinga plurality of laser scanners, each of which comprises:
an emitter of a collimated beam of modulated laser radiation;
a dynamic beam deflector to move the collimated beam in a sweeping motion over the object; and
a radiation sensor, for receiving the radiation reflected from the object and translating the reflected radiation into an electrical signal,
a processor, adapted with software instructions to control the operation of each of the laser scanners, to receive and process the electrical signals produced by the radiation sensors, and to perform the following functions:
at discrete points in time, calculates a distance value based on a time delay or phase shift value between the radiation emitted by each of the laser scanners and received by the corresponding radiation sensor,
based on a spatial direction of each emitted and received beam, the distance value, and an intensity at each individual point in time,
assembles a three-dimensional model of surface points of the object including an intensity value associated with each surface point, and
storage means, in communication with the processor, to receive and store the three-dimensional model, such that, on demand, the three-dimensional model is used to produce two-dimensional images from any desired viewing angle that was exposed to the emitted beams from each scanner to document an appearance of the object at a time when a selected scan was taken.

US Pat. No. 10,337,854

MEASURING SYSTEM FOR MEASUREMENT ON TOOLS IN A MACHINE TOOL

BLUM-NOVOTEST GmbH, (DE)...

1. A contactlessly or tactilely measuring measuring system having a multipurpose interface socket for accommodating and for connecting a contactlessly or tactilely measuring measuring device having a light transmitter and a light receiver, for determining the position of a tool or for determining the longest cutting edge of a rotating tool in a machine tool, wherein the multipurpose interface socket has the following features:at least one mechanical stop, corresponding to a counterstop on the measuring device, for accommodating and repeatably placing the measuring device on the multipurpose interface socket;
at least one second signal transfer point on the multipurpose interface socket, which corresponds to a first signal transfer point on the measuring device; and/or
at least one second fluid transfer point on the multipurpose interface socket, which corresponds to a first fluid transfer point on the measuring device,
the at least one second signal transfer point has a first and a second contact point, each with multiple contacts, the first and second contact points being spaced apart from one another, and the multiple contacts of one contact point being situated point-symmetrically, relative to a center, with respect to the multiple contacts of the other contact point.

US Pat. No. 10,337,853

ARTICULATING MEASURING ARM WITH LASER SCANNER

HEXAGON METROLOGY, INC., ...

1. An optical position acquisition member comprising:a base plate comprising an opening configured to receive a CMM measuring probe;
a light source mounted on the plate and comprising a central axis; and
an optical sensor mounted on the plate,
wherein the central axis of the light source is within 100 millimeters of a center of the opening.

US Pat. No. 10,337,852

METHOD FOR MEASURING POSITIONS OF STRUCTURES ON A SUBSTRATE AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR DETERMINING POSITIONS OF STRUCTURES ON A SUBSTRATE

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A method for measuring positions of structures on a substrate comprising the steps of:placing the substrate in a stage of a metrology machine, wherein the substrate carries a plurality of structures;
carrying out a first measurement loop and at least one second measurement loop according to a predefined recipe, wherein the first measurement loop is started at a time where a substrate temperature is different from the temperature at the stage, and the at least one second measurement loop is started at a time after the first measurement loop and when the substrate temperature is different from the temperature at the stage;
obtaining from the first and the at least one second measurement loops at least two distorted grids representing a two-dimensional distribution of the structures measured with the predetermined recipe; and
calculating a real grid from the at least two compensated grids, wherein each compensated grid is determined from each of the at least two distorted grids, and the real grid is similar to a measured grid where the temperature of the substrate matches the temperature of the stage within a predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,337,851

FAST PHASE PROCESSING OF OFF-AXIS INTERFEROGRAMS

RAMOT AT TEL-AVIV UNIVERS...

23. A system for rapidly processing off-axis interferogram images, said system comprising at least one processing unit and one or more computer-readable media storing computer executable modules executed by said at least one processing unit, said computer executable modules comprising:an input module configured to receive at least two interferogram images generated using an optical setup configured to generate said at least two of the interferogram images with association with a sample;
an image generation module configured to generate a combined interferogram image for exploiting empty spatial-frequency domain areas, and ensure separation between auto-correlation and cross-correlation spatial-frequency domain terms, of the generated combined interferogram image, by combining said at least two interferogram images by at least one of multiplexing and complex summation, said multiplexing comprising image rotation and superimposition and in said complex summation at least one of said at least two interferogram images is used in a real part of said complex summation and at least another one of said at least two interferogram images is used in an imaginary part of said complex summation;
a transformation module configured to decompose said combined interferogram image within a single spectral decomposition operation of said combined interferogram image and generate spectra data of said at least two interferogram images;
a cropper module configured to crop respective at least two portions of said spectra data, each of said at least two portions having a substantially reduced size with respect to the respective interferogram image;
an inverse transformation module configured to generate from the at least two cropped spectra data portions having the substantially reduced size respective at least two complex images having the substantially reduced size and being indicative of phase data of said at least two interferogram images; and
a phase unwrap module configured to rapidly unwrap phase image of said respective at least two complex images having the substantially reduced size and generate respective phase images therefrom.

US Pat. No. 10,337,850

INTERFEROMETRIC MEASURING ARRANGEMENT

CARL ZEISS SMT GMBH, Obe...

1. A measurement arrangement for interferometrically determining a shape of an optical surface of a test object forming an optical element for microlithography, comprising:a light source configured to provide an input wave,
a diffractive optical element which is arranged in a beam path of the input wave and is configured to produce, from the input wave and by way of diffraction,
a test wave, which is directed at the test object and which has a wavefront that is adapted at least partially to a desired shape of the optical surface, and
a reference wave, which has a propagation direction that deviates from a propagation direction of the test wave,
a reflective optical element which is arranged in the beam path of the reference wave and is configured to back-reflect the reference wave, and
a capture device configured to capture an interferogram produced by superposition of the test wave after interaction with the test object and the back-reflected reference wave, in each case after a further diffraction at the diffractive optical element, in a capture plane,
wherein the diffraction and the further diffraction at the diffractive optical element are first-order or higher-order diffractions.

US Pat. No. 10,337,849

CAPACITIVE SENSOR

BANDO CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES...

1. A capacitive sensor comprising a sensor sheet and a measuring instrument,the sensor sheet including:
a central electrode layer;
a first dielectric layer laminated on the upper surface of the central electrode layer;
a second dielectric layer laminated on the lower surface of the central electrode layer;
a first outer electrode layer formed on the surface of the first dielectric layer on the opposite side of the central electrode layer side; and
a second outer electrode layer formed on the surface of the second dielectric layer on the opposite side of the central electrode layer side,
in which the first dielectric layer and the second dielectric layer are formed from elastomers,
the part where the central electrode layer and the first outer electrode layer face each other is designated as a first detection portion, while the part where the central electrode layer and the second outer electrode layer face each other is designated as a second detection portion,
the sensor sheet is reversibly deformable, and the capacitances of the first detection portion and the second detection portion change with deformation, and
the measuring instrument being connected to the central electrode layer, the first outer electrode layer and the second outer electrode layer and measuring the capacitances of the first detection portion and the second detection portion,
wherein the first dielectric layer and the second dielectric layer are deformed in a surface direction; and
the state of deformation of the sensor sheet is measured on the basis of the total capacitance by adding the capacitance of the first detection portion and the capacitance of the second detection portion.

US Pat. No. 10,337,848

SPIN ACCELERATION ARMED INERTIA IGNITERS AND ELECTRICAL SWITCHES FOR MUNITIONS AND THE LIKE

OMNITEK PARTNERS LLC, Ro...

1. An apparatus actuatable under a rotary acceleration having a predetermined duration and magnitude, the apparatus comprising:a body having a first channel and a second channel, the second channel being disposed radially offset from the first channel;
a mass disposed in the first channel, the mass having an arm disposed at a first end of the mass and the arm being rotatable from a first position in which the arm cannot move within the second channel to a second position in which the arm can move inside the second channel; and
a first biasing spring member having a first end connected to the body and a second end connected to the arm such that when the arm is subjected to the rotary acceleration greater than the predetermined duration and magnitude, the arm is biased to rotate from the first position to the second position;
wherein the mass is connected to the arm such that the mass moves in the first channel and the arm moves in the second channel when the arm is biased into the second position; and
the arm further having an extension extending in a direction of the second channel such that the extension extends outside the body when the arm moves in the second channel.

US Pat. No. 10,337,847

CHEMICAL ORDNANCE CONTAINMENT AND TRANSPORT BAG

1. A chemical ordnance containment and transport bag comprising:a flexible body having an end portion that opposes an opening of the flexible body;
one or more zippers bisecting the flexible body along two longitudinal sides and a lateral side and terminating at the end portion opposite the opening; and
a plurality of straps, each strap extending widthwise across the flexible body from a longitudinal portion of the zipper;
wherein, with the zipper closed and the flexible body fully extended lengthwise, the longitudinal portion of the zipper runs lengthwise along the flexible body and perpendicular to a plane on which the end portion rests;
wherein the flexible body comprises at least one layer of knitted activated carbon cloth and at least one layer of woven activated carbon cloth;
wherein the flexible body comprises:
an outer layer comprising a nonpermeable chemical resistant material;
one or more middle layers comprising woven activated carbon cloth; and
an inner laminate layer comprising a laminate of knitted activated carbon cloth and a polymeric material, wherein the polymeric material represents an innermost layer of the ordnance containment bag;
wherein the outer layer, one or more middle layers, and inner laminate are sewn together along a perimeter of the flexible body.

US Pat. No. 10,337,846

DEPRIMING DEVICE AND METHOD TO DEPRIME FIREARM CASES

1. Depriming device (1) to remove a primer (3) from a head (4) of cases (2) of cartridges for firearms, comprising:depriming means (5, 6),
means for positioning and restraining (11) at least one case on a surface plate (8), at the depriming means, and
movement means (10) to shift the depriming means (5, 6) from a raised position, in which the latter are moved away from the case (2) to be deprimed, to a lowered position, in which they come into contact with the primer (3) of the case (2) and push it thereby causing its detachment from the case itself,wherein the means for positioning and restraining the case on the surface plate (8) comprise a couple of fins (11) arranged parallel to one another on the surface plate at a distance corresponding to the diameter of the cases to be deprimed, said fins being able to be provided with means to move them closer/away to/from one another as the diameter of the case to be deprimed changes.

US Pat. No. 10,337,845

SUPPORTING DEVICE FOR DIVIDABLE PARACHUTE GRENADE

BAE SYSTEMS BOFORS AB, K...

1. A dividable parachute grenade comprising a grenade casing, a nose cone, a detonating fuse, a dividing charge, a payload, a parachute device, a grenade bottom and a supporting device, wherein the supporting device is annular and comprises pretensioned sector elements fixed to a fixing ring, the fixing ring is received in a recess on an inner side of the grenade casing, the sector elements are pretensioned with a tension ring arranged around the supporting device, the tension ring is received in recessed grooves of the sector elements, wherein, when the sector elements are extended radially, the sector elements and the tension ring are received in a second recess on the grenade casing behind the payload and, when the sector elements are compressed radially, the payload is supported during an acceleration phase of the grenade and the support device stays in the grenade casing after separation of the payload from the grenade casing.

US Pat. No. 10,337,844

LONG WEAR SNAP CAP

1. An inert ammunition cartridge for use as a training replacement for a predetermined live ammunition round, the inert ammunition cartridge comprising:a shell case comprising a head, wherein the shell case further comprises the same material and has the same profile, exterior dimensions, and interior dimensions as a shell case of the live ammunition round; and
an impact energy suppression assembly that is inserted into the shell case head, the impact energy suppression assembly comprising:
a barrel having a bottom wall with an opening configured to receive a piston push rod, at least one generally cylindrical sidewall substantially perpendicular to the bottom wall, and an open upper end, wherein the diameter of the bottom wall opening is less than the diameter of the open upper end;
a piston having a head and push rod, the push rod extending outwardly from the piston head, wherein the piston head has a diameter less than the diameter of the barrel open upper end and the push rod has a diameter less than the diameter of the bottom wall opening; and
a compression resistant device configured to receive the piston push rod, wherein the compression resistant device is connected with the piston and mounted within the barrel.

US Pat. No. 10,337,843

BROADHEAD WITH ROTATING BLADES

1. A broadhead assembly, comprising:a main body having a central axis and a mating surface for coupling to an arrow shaft;
a blade assembly rotatably coupled to the main body, the blade assembly oriented so as to rotate radially about a blade axis of rotation, the blade axis of rotation being aligned with the central axis, the blade assembly includes a cylindrical shaft and a blade, the cylindrical shaft rotating about the blade axis of rotation, the blade passes through a slot in the cylindrical shaft; and
an attachment member coupled to the main body and configured to secure the blade assembly in a closed orientation.

US Pat. No. 10,337,842

FIREWORKS AERIAL DISPLAY SHELL WITH MULTIPLE BREAKS AND A METHOD INVOLVING SAME

1. A fireworks aerial display shell comprising:first and second casings of cylindrical configuration and positioned in end-to-end relationship, each of said first and second casings presenting opposite first and second ends and defining an interior volume;
a lift charge positioned in the interior volume of the first casing at a location to cause a propelling force to be directed toward the first end of the first casing after the lift charge is ignited;
a lead fuse operatively associated with the lift charge to cause ignition of the lift charge as a result of burning of the lead fuse;
a first effects charge positioned in the interior volume of the first casing between the lift charge and the second end of the first casing for creating a first pyrotechnic display when ignited following ignition of the lift charge;
a second effects charge positioned in the interior volume of the second casing for creating a second pyrotechnic display when ignited; and
a plug positioned in the first casing opposite the first effects charge from the lift charge and extending across an inner cross section of the first casing, said plug having an opening for allowing an ignition source to pass through the plug to cause said igniting of the second effects charge following ignition of the first effects charge,
wherein a total of less than 60 grams of pyrotechnics are present in said fireworks aerial display shell.

US Pat. No. 10,337,841

DIRECTED ENERGY WEAPON

RAFAEL ADVANCED DEFENSE S...

1. A directed energy weapon for use against a target, the weapon comprising:(a) a plurality of laser units, each of said laser units comprising:
(i) a fiber laser generating an output beam from a fiber, said output beam conveying power of at least 1 kW,
(ii) an objective lens arrangement for focusing said output beam into a focused beam directed towards the target, and
(iii) a fine adjustment mechanism for adjusting a direction of said focused beam;
(b) for each of said laser units, a beam deflector arrangement deployed to deflect a portion of said focused beam as a deflected beam in a direction in predefined relation to a direction of said focused beam;
(c) an angle sensing unit deployed for receiving said deflected beams and generating an output indicative of a current direction of said deflected beam for each of said laser units; and
(d) a controller associated with said angle sensing unit and said fine adjustment mechanisms, said controller being configured to actuate said fine adjustment mechanisms based on said output from said angle sensing unit to maintain a desired relative alignment between said directions of said focused beams,wherein said plurality of laser units is implemented as a two dimensional array of said laser units including a plurality of rows of said laser units, and wherein said beam deflector arrangement includes at least one pentaprism for each of said laser units deployed to generate a set of once-deflected beams in generally parallel relation from said laser units in each of said rows, said set of once-deflected beams being spaced apart by less than a diameter of said objective lens arrangement, said beam deflector arrangement further comprising an additional pentaprism for each of said rows deployed to deflect said set of once-deflected beams to form an array of deflected beams from a plurality of said rows.

US Pat. No. 10,337,840

WIRELESSLY CONDUCTED ELECTRONIC WEAPON

Digital Ally, Inc., Lene...

1. A wireless electroshock weapon configured to administer a shock to a subject, comprising:a wireless projectile configured to be launched toward and adhere to the subject;
a launcher body for holding by a user;
a launcher chamber for securing the wireless projectile prior to launching; and
a transmitting antenna for transmitting shock energy to the wireless projectile that has been fired,
wherein the wireless projectile includes a circuit board having a power extraction circuit for generating power from the shock energy,
wherein the wireless projectile is configured to administer the shock to the subject to whom the wireless projectile is adhered,
wherein a majority of the shock is the shock energy from the transmitting antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,337,839

FORMABLE ARMORS USING CERAMIC COMPONENTS

1. A formable armor that resists penetration by impacting projectiles, comprising:a plurality of cylindrical ceramic barrels each having a flat surface on opposing end surfaces, said cylindrical ceramic barrels faying on at least one flat surface, said plurality of cylindrical ceramic barrels fayinq on at least one flat surface disposed into at least two substantially parallel rows of cylindrical ceramic barrels;
said substantially parallel rows of cylindrical ceramic barrels affixed to a backing layer that maintains continuous contact between adjacent cylindrical barrels; and
further wherein each cylindrical ceramic barrel has a longitudinal axis and a curved side surface, said formable armor further comprising a groove present on said curved surface and parallel to said axis.

US Pat. No. 10,337,838

CAMOUFLAGE FOR GARMENT ASSEMBLY

The United States of Amer...

1. A garment assembly, comprising:a head cover being cut from a first fabric having a first repeating camouflage pattern thereon, each repeat of the first repeating camouflage pattern having a first set of intermixed colored blotches thereon, colors of the first set of intermixed colored blotches being selected from a first group of six colors comprising an Olive 527 color, a Dark Green 528 color, a Tan 525 color, a Brown 529 color, a Bark Brown 561 color and a Dark Cream 559 color, and wherein about 12.9% to and including 15% of the first set of the colored blotches consist of the Dark Green 528; and a color layer in the first set of intermixed colored blotches that are colored in the Brown 529 color has a first gradient that extends vertically across a width of a repeat of the first repeating camouflage pattern;
a coat configured to fit a human torso;
a trouser configured to fit at least a portion of human legs;
wherein the coat and the trouser are cut from a second fabric having a second repeating camouflage pattern thereon, each repeat of the second repeating camouflage pattern having a second set of intermixed colored blotches thereon, colors of the second set of intermixed colored blotches being selected from a second group of colors comprising an Olive 527 color, a Dark Green 528 color, a Light Sage 560 color, a Tan 525 color, a Brown 529 color, a Bark Brown 561 color and a Dark Cream 559 color, wherein about 12.9% to and including 15% of the second set of the colored blotches consist of the Dark Green 528 color and a color layer in the second set of intermixed colored blotches that is colored in the Brown 529 color has a first gradient that extends vertically across a width of a repeat of the second repeating camouflage pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,337,837

FLIP SIGHT SYSTEMS FOR FIREARMS

Strike Industries, Inc., ...

1. A flip sight system having a plurality of configurations and implementable on a firearm, comprising:a front sight assembly configured to attach to a rail which is on a top side of the firearm, comprising:
a front base configured to attach the front sight assembly to the firearm;
a front pivot joint; and
a front sight attached to the front base via the front pivot joint;
a rear sight assembly configured to attach to the rail which is on the top side of the firearm, comprising:
a rear base configured to attach the rear sight assembly to the firearm;
a rear pivot joint; and
a rear sight attached to the rear base via the rear pivot joint;
wherein, when the flip sight system is in a first deployed configuration of the plurality of configurations, the front sight and the rear sight protrude from the firearm and are offset from the top side of the firearm such that no portion of the front sight and the rear sight is directly above the rail or the top side of the firearm;
wherein, when the flip sight system is in a second deployed configuration of the plurality of configurations when an attached optics is mounted on the rail, the front sight and the rear sight are in-line with the attached optics such that the flip sight system operates as co-witness and backup sights to the attached optics;
wherein, when the flip sight system is in a first collapsed configuration of the plurality of configurations, the front sight and the rear sight are folded down toward the firearm and are offset from the top side of the firearm such that no portion of the front sight and the rear sight is directly above the rail or the top side of the firearm;
wherein, when the flip sight system is in a second collapsed configuration of the plurality of configurations, the front sight and the rear sight are folded down toward the firearm and are offset from the top side of the firearm such that no portion of the front sight and the rear sight is directly above the rail or the top side of the firearm.

US Pat. No. 10,337,836

GUIDE FOR FIREARM

1. A guide for firearms which extends along an axis, mechanically and electrically engageable by an accessory device, wherein the guide comprises: a coupling body extending in length along the axis, comprising: two rows of teeth, placed on opposite sides of the coupling body along the axis, mechanically engageable by the accessory device; an interaction surface, located between the two rows of teeth, comprising a plurality of interaction modules, wherein each module comprises a pair of main holes and a secondary hole; an electronic group comprising: a plurality of electric contacts comprising: a plurality of main pairs of electrical contacts respectively housed in the main pairs of holes; a plurality of secondary pairs of electrical contacts, wherein each pair is housed in the respective secondary hole; an electronic board which extends in length along the axis comprising a primary system engageable by the main electrical contacts and a secondary system engageable by the secondary electrical contacts; a switch group, housed in the coupling body, operationally connected to the electrical contacts to move the electrical contacts between an inactive position where the electrical contacts are detached from the respective system and an active position in which, upon the action of the accessory device, the electrical contacts are in contact with the respective system.

US Pat. No. 10,337,835

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR USING ENHANCED LOCATION-BASED INFORMATION TO GUIDE MUNITIONS

Rivada Research LLC, Col...

1. A method of controlling a first ordnance munition, comprising:determining, via a processor of the first ordnance munition, an approximate location of the first ordnance munition;
generating, via the processor, first location information based on the determined approximate location;
forming, via the processor, a communication group with a wireless transceiver in proximity to the first ordnance munition;
sending the generated first location information to the wireless transceiver;
receiving, in the first ordnance munition, information from the wireless transceiver;
receiving inputs from one or more external devices that provide location information, the received inputs including at least one or more of:
global positing system data;
assisted global positing system data;
cell identifier data;
WiFi identifier data;
beacon data; or
radio frequency identification data;
performing, via the processor, an enhanced location based trilateration operation to determine a more precise location of the first ordnance munition based on the information received from the wireless transceiver and generating second location information based on the determined more precise location; and
altering, via the processor, a flight path of the first ordnance munition based on the generated second location information.

US Pat. No. 10,337,834

NETWORKED BATTLE SYSTEM OR FIREARM

COLT CANADA IP HOLDING PA...

1. A networked battle system comprising:a communication network;
a first battlefield device that includes at least one accessory coupled thereto that determines a location of the first battlefield device and a display device coupled thereto, wherein the first battlefield device includes at least one microprocessor;
a distance determining device separate from the first battlefield device, the distance determining providing a distance from the distance determining device to a target and a location of the distance determining device to the communication network;
a battle management system in communication with the first battlefield device and the distance determining device through the communication network that receives the distance determining device location and the distance to the target and updates a battle plan based on information from the distance determining device to form an updated battle plan that is displayed on the display device; and
a firearm that includes at least one firearm accessory coupled thereto that determines a location of the firearm and a second display device;
wherein the battle management system provides the updated battle plan to the firearm through the communication network;
wherein the firearm includes a microprocessor that receives the updated battle plan and provides the updated battle plan to the second display device.

US Pat. No. 10,337,833

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR THE ACQUISITION OF HIGH-ACCURACY COORDINATE INFORMATION WITHOUT THE USE OF DIRECTED ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION

1. A method of determining coordinates of a remote location based on where a shortest line-of-sight path from an angle measurement device intersects the terrain at a remote location within view of a scope of an angle measurement device, comprising the steeps of:a) identifying a point, using a computing device to obtain azimuth and elevation (altitude) angles of the scope from the angle measurement device and perform calculations to accurately determine position of the remote location, that is substantially on the shortest line-of-sight path which starts at the scope of the angle measurement device and traverses the remote location;
b) determining whether the point from step a) is above or below the surface of the terrain at that location;
c) repeating steps a) and b) until a point from step a) has been identified for which the distance between the point and the surface of the terrain is less than a selected value.

US Pat. No. 10,337,832

ILLUMINATION SYSTEM FOR WEAPON OPTICS

ZEROLIGHT, LLC, Shiner, ...

1. An illumination device comprising:a clamp configured to mount on a scoped weapon or to mount on a scope of the scoped weapon, wherein the clamp comprises:
a light source;
an elongated cylindrical level device configured to indicate a level of the scoped weapon only in a single degree of freedom relative to a surface of the earth; and
a passageway disposed between the light source and the level device, wherein the passageway is adjacent to the light source and terminates at an aperture on a surface of the clamp, the passageway having a width that is smaller than the light source and longer than the width and being configured to direct light from the light source by projection through the aperture onto the level device,
wherein the passageway is configured to direct light from the light source to the level device, such that the level device can be read in a no-light environment.

US Pat. No. 10,337,831

SIGHT AND COMPENSATING MECHANISM THEREOF

SINTAI OPTICAL (SHENZHEN)...

1. A compensating mechanism, comprising:a base;
an adjusting unit disposed on the base;
an adjusting cap connected to the adjusting unit and configured to rotate and move the adjusting unit with respect to the base so as to form a first circumferential movement range;
a stop unit connected to the base and comprising a sliding element and a limiting element, wherein the limiting element comprises a limiting portion, the limiting portion comprises a movement region, and the adjusting cap is configured to move the sliding element along the movement region so as to form a second circumferential movement range;
wherein a sum of a first central angle corresponding to the first circumferential movement range and a second central angle corresponding to the second circumferential movement range is a fixed value;
wherein the limiting portion is an opening portion having a first end portion and a second end portion, the stop unit further comprises a limiting member having a first end and a second end, the first end is fixed to the limiting element, and the second end is configured to push against the sliding element so that the sliding element is forced against the first end portion.

US Pat. No. 10,337,830

PORTABLE OPTICAL DEVICE WITH INTERACTIVE WIRELESS REMOTE CAPABILITY

Talon Precision Optics, L...

1. A firearm scope comprising:an optical sensor to capture video data;
a display;
a transceiver configured to communicate data wirelessly through a communication channel; and
a controller configured to:
provide a portion of the video data to the display;
provide media content including the video data, a reticle, and a visual marker assigned by a user of the firearm scope to a selected location on a selected target within the video data to the transceiver for wireless transmission;
maintain the visual marker on the selected location on the selected target by automatically tracking the selected target within the video data;
receive a signal from the communication channel in response to the wireless transmission, the signal from a computing device operated by a remote user; and
selectively modify the portion by adjusting the selected location of the visual marker previously assigned by the user on the selected target within the portion of the video data provided to the display in response to receiving the signal to reposition the visual marker.

US Pat. No. 10,337,829

BATTLEFIELD ILLUMINATION MODULE, HANDGUN WITH A BATTLEFIELD ILLUMINATION MODULE AND HOLSTER FOR A HANDGUN WITH BATTLEFIELD ILLUMINATION MODULE

1. A battlefield illumination module for mechanically linking to a handgun, the battlefield illumination module comprising:a fixing system for fixing the battlefield illumination module to the handgun,
a light source, the light source having a front surface being designed for illuminating a battlefield,
wherein the light source includes a primary light source which is designed to be moveable from a rest position such that, when the battlefield illumination module is fixed to the handgun, the front surface is substantially parallel to a longitudinal axis of a barrel of the handgun to a working position such that the front surface is offset from the longitudinal axis of the barrel where the primary light source illuminates an area ahead of the barrel.

US Pat. No. 10,337,828

BALANCING DEVICE FOR FIREARMS

BENELLI ARMI, S.P.A., Pe...

1. A balancing assembly for a firearm, wherein the firearm includes at least one barrel having a muzzle and a stock, said balancing assembly comprising:at least one front support and at least one rear support respectively mountable to said firearm in a region adjacent to said muzzle and in a region about said stock; and
a plurality of weight members, said at least one front support and said at least one rear support each being configured to support one or more of said plurality of weight members, said one or more of said plurality of weight members being modular and mutually analogous,
each one of said plurality of weight members including (i) a flattened body provided with at least one hole adapted to receive a locking screw to fasten the respective one of said plurality of weight members to said at least one front support or to said at least one rear support, (ii) at least one protrusion formed on one side of said flattened body, said protrusion being adapted to alternatively engage a seat formed in said at least one front support and a seat formed in said at least one rear support, and (iii) a recess formed on an opposite side of said flattened body,
said at least one protrusion of any one of said plurality of weight members being insertable into said recess of any other one of said plurality of weight members when such weight members are attached to a same one of said at least one front support and said at least one rear support.

US Pat. No. 10,337,827

UPPER RECEIVER STRUT AND CLEANING ROD GUIDE

Present Arms, Inc., Wilb...

1. A strut tool for servicing a firearm comprising:(A) a hook portion for engaging an upper receiver assembly of said firearm; wherein said hook portion includes a takedown block engagement region;
(B) a pivoting portion for engaging the takedown pin of a lower receiver assembly of said firearm; wherein said pivoting portion includes a bore for receiving said takedown pin of said lower receiver assembly; wherein said hook portion and said pivoting portion act to reversibly hold said upper receiver and said lower receiver in a relative angular orientation with respect to one another by means of said hook portion engaging the takedown block of said upper receiver while simultaneously said pivoting portion engages said takedown pin of said lower receiver assembly;wherein said hook portion comprises:a. a hook leading surface substantially parallel to a center axis of said hook portion;
b. an entry bevel region extending to said hook leading surface and angled with respect to said hook leading surface to accommodate insertion of said hook leading surface into an interior breech or bore of said upper receiver assembly;
c. a top crown region extending from said entry bevel region;
d. a hook bevel region extending from said top crown region and angled with respect to said hook leading surface;
f. a buffer block contact region extending from said hook bevel region and extending to a buffer block contact surface of said pivoting portion;
e. a takedown block engagement region, immediately adjacent to said hook leading surface and including three internal contact surfaces:
i. a takedown block upper contact surface;
ii. a takedown block back contact surface; and
iii. a takedown block lower contact surface;wherein each of said three contact surfaces are oriented perpendicular with respect to each other; and wherein said takedown block back contact surface is oriented parallel to said center axis of said hook portion; wherein said takedown block lower contact surface extends to said hook leading surface of said pivoting portion; wherein said takedown block lower contact surface is oriented perpendicular to said entry bevel region of said pivoting portion.

US Pat. No. 10,337,826

STOCK FOR SHOTGUN

FUTURMEC S.R.L., Urbania...

1. A stock for a shotgun comprising:a grip adapted to be held by a user;
a butt adapted to be disposed on a shoulder of the user;
a hollow body affixed to the grip;
a shank affixed to the butt, said shank disposed inside said hollow body, said shank having an external thread;
a fixing means that fixes said shank inside said hollow body; and
a metal ring screwed onto the external thread of said shank and stopped against an ending edge of said hollow body so as to adjust a distance between said butt and said grip, wherein said hollow body comprises teeth that protrude longitudinally from the ending edge of said hollow body, said metal ring comprising grooves that house the teeth of said hollow body when said metal ring is stopped against the ending edge of said hollow body so as to block a rotation of said metal ring relative to the hollow body.

US Pat. No. 10,337,825

FIREARM GRIP WITH ZONES OF DIFFERENT TEXTURES

12. An article comprising:a grip for a weapon, said grip having a front strap, side panels and a back strap, wherein said grip comprises zones having different textures, wherein said zones comprise a first zone, which has a first anti-slip surface texture, a second zone, which has a second anti-slip surface texture rougher than the first anti-slip surface texture, and a third zone, which has a third surface texture that is less rough than the textures of said first and second zones, and wherein said first zone comprises a plurality of more than two discrete zones on said back strap and wherein said second zone extends to areas on said back strap that are between said discrete zones.

US Pat. No. 10,337,824

AIRGUN WITH SELECTIVE BYPASS FROM HIGH PRESSURE RESERVOIR TO FIRING PRESSURE RESERVOIR

Crosman Corporation, Blo...

1. An airgun comprising:(a) a regulator selected to receive a high pressure gas from an upstream high pressure reservoir and pass a regulated pressure gas to a downstream firing pressure reservoir;
(b) a bypass line fluidly connecting the upstream high pressure reservoir and the downstream firing pressure reservoir, the bypass line bypassing the regulator between the upstream high pressure reservoir and the downstream firing pressure reservoir; and
(c) a valve selectively permitting flow of the high pressure gas from the upstream high pressure reservoir through the bypass line and to the downstream firing pressure reservoir.

US Pat. No. 10,337,823

BREAK BARREL AIRGUN HAVING ACTIVE INTERLOCK

Crosman Corporation, Blo...

1. An airgun, comprising:(a) a barrel assembly;
(b) a receiver pivotally connected to the barrel assembly between a firing position and open position;
(c) a pressure generator selectively providing a volume of pressurized gas; and
(d) an active interlock moveable between (i) a retracted position allowing movement of the barrel assembly and the receiver from the firing position to the open position and (ii) an extended position upon the barrel assembly and the receiver being in the firing position preventing movement of the barrel assembly and the receiver from the firing position to the open position, wherein the active interlock is fluidly connected to the volume of pressurized gas to move the active interlock from the retracted position to the extended position.

US Pat. No. 10,337,822

GUN SCRAPER TOOL

Revo Brand Group, LLC, P...

1. A gun scraper tool for scraping carbon and residue off of a firearm, the gun scraper tool comprising:a triangular housing having three sides, an upper face, and a bottom face, and comprising:
a first outer housing layer;
a second outer housing layer; and
a middle housing layer sandwiched between the first and second outer housing layers;
an aperture in the center of the housing passing through the first outer housing layer, the second outer housing layer, and the middle housing layer; a brush in the aperture having bristles extending from the perimeter of the aperture to a central opening; and
a plurality of tool components structured and configured to use the housing as a base wherein the first and second outer housing layers and the middle housing layer align on top of one another.

US Pat. No. 10,337,821

STABLE MOUNT FOR ACTUATABLE DEVICES

The United States of Amer...

1. A stable mount comprising:a center tube having a top surface;
at least three legs extending from said center tube;
a mounting plate attached to said top surface;
and a plurality of gussets fixedly coupled between said mounting plate and said at least three legs; and wherein:
said center tube, said at least three legs, said mounting plate and said plurality of gussets are made of steel and welded together such that a first resonance mode of vibration of said stable mount is greater than 30 Hz.