US Pat. No. 10,168,436

WATER SOLUBLE LOW ALPHA PARTICLE EMISSION ELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE COATING

International Business Ma...

1. A method for forming an alpha particle detector comprising an electrically-conductive coating on a substrate, the method comprising the steps of:forming an aqueous solution of a water soluble polymer;
adding electrically conductive filler particles consisting of graphite powder to the aqueous solution above a percolation threshold to form a mixture, wherein the graphite powder has a particle size of from 2 micrometers to about 40 micrometers, and ranges therebetween; and
depositing the mixture onto the substrate to form a low alpha particle emitting, electrically-conductive coating on the substrate, wherein the low alpha particle emitting, electrically-conductive coating blocks alpha particles from being emitted from the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,435

DEAD-TIME CORRECTION SYSTEM AND METHOD

THERMO EBERLINE LLC, Oak...

1. A dead-time correction system for a pulse rate measurement device, the system comprising:a. a pulse counter that increments in response to pulses, the pulse counter having a selectable pulse counter read-out rate;
b. a pulse counter read-out (PCRO) storage register that stores an immediately preceding PCRO count;
c. a pulse-burst counter that also increments in response to pulses, the pulse-burst counter having a pulse-burst counter read-out rate that is faster than all but the fastest selectable pulse counter read-out rate;
d. a subtractor module in electronic communication with the pulse counter and the PCRO storage register that subtracts the preceding PCRO count from the pulse counter read-out count to output an uncorrected pulse count;
e. a selection module in electronic communication with the pulse-burst counter that selects the pulse counter read-out rate in response to input from the pulse-burst counter;
f. a multiplexer (MUX) in electronic communication with the subtractor module and the selection module, the MUX selecting from among at least two dead-time correction transforms (DTCT), the DTCT corresponding to the selected pulse counter read-out rate; and
g. a control-and-readout module in electronic communication with the MUX that applies the DTCT selected by the MUX to the uncorrected pulse count divided by the pulse counter read-out rate to output a dead-time corrected pulse rate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,434

REFERENCE SIGNAL GENERATION DEVICE, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, MOVING OBJECT, DATA COMMUNICATION DEVICE, AND TERRESTRIAL DIGITAL COMMUNICATION NETWORK

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A reference signal generation device comprising:a receiver that is configured to receive a reference signal;
a first oscillator that includes an atomic oscillator, the first oscillator including a sweeping-result output circuit that is configured to output a sweeping result signal, the sweeping result signal corresponding to a resonance signal obtained by performing frequency sweeping in the first oscillator;
a first phase comparator that is configured to compare a signal output from the first oscillator and the reference signal in phase so as to output a first phase comparison signal;
a second oscillator that is configured to generate a signal to be output outwardly;
a second phase comparator that is configured to compare the signal output from the first oscillator and the signal output from the second oscillator in phase so as to output a second phase comparison signal; and
a determination circuit that is configured to receive the sweeping result signal, the first phase comparison signal, and the second phase comparison signal,
wherein
the determination circuit is configured to determine a failure state of the atomic oscillator based on the sweeping result signal and at least one of the first phase comparison signal and the second phase comparison signal.

US Pat. No. 10,168,433

POWER CONSERVATION VIA GNSS-WIRELESS ACTIVITY SYNCHRONIZATION

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

11. A method for synchronizing global navigation satellite system (GNSS) and cellular activity in a device, comprising:receiving a synchronization notification at GNSS circuitry in a device from communication circuitry also in the device; and
initiating measurement of GNSS signals based on the notification.

US Pat. No. 10,168,432

DISTRIBUTED ELECTROMAGNETIC INSTRUMENT SYNCHRONIZATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

INSTITUTE OF GEOLOGY AND ...

1. A distributed electromagnetic instrument synchronization method, wherein the instrument comprises a transmitter and a receiver, comprising:establishing a connection between the transmitter and the receiver via a satellite;
realizing location positioning and time synchronization;
the transmitter and the receiver each acquiring a pulse per second signal and each adjusting a temperature compensated crystal oscillator according to the pulse per second signal to reach a preset value; and
performing communication between the transmitter and the receiver through the satellite.

US Pat. No. 10,168,430

WIRELESS DEVICES AND SYSTEMS FOR TRACKING PATIENTS AND METHODS FOR USING THE LIKE

10. A system for tracking patients comprising:a wearable tracking device configured to be worn by a patient wirelessly connected to a central processing unit, the device including:
a processor;
a power source electronically connected to the processor;
at least one antenna communicatively connected to the processor;
a BLE chip communicatively connected to the processor; and
a GPS receiver communicatively connected to the processor;
at least one beacon configured to transmit BLE signals to and receive BLE signals from the wearable tracking device within a predetermined range of the at least one beacon and configured to wirelessly transmit data received from the wearable tracking device to the central processing unit; and
at least one computing device wirelessly configured to be connected to the central processing unit capable of displaying data received by the central processing unit the at least one computing device having a user interface.

US Pat. No. 10,168,429

COMPACT LIDAR SYSTEM

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A LIDAR system comprising:a laser light source configured to transmit a first range of frequencies characterized by a first linewidth along a first optical path;
a whispering gallery mode resonator that is optically coupled to the laser light source to receive light emitted by the laser light source, wherein the whispering gallery mode resonator is configured to provide a whispering gallery mode corresponding to a second range of frequencies, wherein the second range of frequencies is narrower than the first range of frequencies, such that a propagating wave at the second range of frequencies is circulated within the whispering gallery mode resonator, wherein at least a portion of the propagating wave is optically coupled out of the whispering gallery mode resonator and provides injection locking of the laser light source to provide a locked laser light source;
a transducer coupled to the whispering gallery mode optical resonator and configured to alter an optical property of the whispering gallery mode optical resonator;
a controller that is operationally coupled to the transducer;
a transmission assembly configured to direct a transmitted optical chirp out from the LIDAR system; and
a receiver assembly configured to receive a reflected optical chirp; and
a processor configured to determine position of an external object relative to the LIDAR system on the basis of a characterization of the reflected chirp.

US Pat. No. 10,168,428

ULTRASOUND TRANSDUCER ARRAYS WITH VARIABLE PATCH GEOMETRIES

Koninklijke Philips N.V.,...

1. A system for controlling an aperture of an array transducer, the system comprising:an ultrasound probe comprising a microbeamformer that is configured to perform at least partial beamforming of received echo signals; and
a processor configured to perform the following steps:
form the aperture of the array into a plurality of patches of different sizes, each patch of the plurality of patches comprising a group of transducer elements coupled to the microbeamformer;
receive echo data from a shallow depth of field with an active aperture comprising one or more patches of the plurality of patches, wherein each of the one or more patches have a first size; and
receive echo data from a deeper depth of field by growing the active aperture to add patches each having a second size larger than the first size;
wherein the processor is further configured to form patches of a uniform size in a first dimension and a different size in a second dimension, such that a smallest patch is positioned in a center of the aperture in either the first dimension or the second dimension with patches of progressively increasing size positioned on either side of the smallest patch in either the first dimension or the second dimension.

US Pat. No. 10,168,427

DATA READOUT VIA REFLECTED ULTRASOUND SIGNALS

International Business Ma...

1. A system, comprising:a data reader having a processor for performing a signal frequency analysis, an ultrasound transmitter for transmitting ultrasound signals, and an ultrasound receiver for receiving reflected ultrasound signals;
a movable reflector for receiving the ultrasound signals and reflecting the ultrasounds signals back to the ultrasound receiver (a) as the reflected ultrasound signals without modulation when the movable reflector is stationary and (b) as the reflected ultrasound signals with modulation when the movable reflector is mobile; and
a chip for storing a specification of motion states for the movable reflector.

US Pat. No. 10,168,426

MOBILE RADAR AND VISUAL TRACKING COORDINATE TRANSFORMATION

APPLIED CONCEPTS, INC., ...

1. A system for generating evidentiary data comprising:a mobile radar system operating on a processor and configured to generate frame data for a plurality of vehicles, the frame data having vertical tilt angle components identifying the vertical tilt angle of the mobile radar system and a plane of a roadway for the plurality of vehicles;
a mobile video system operating on a processor and configured to generate video data of the plurality of vehicles;
an accelerometer system configured to generate accelerometer data in response to movement of the mobile radar system; and
a dynamic plane rotation system operating on a processor and coupled to the mobile radar system and configured to map the vertically tilted radar frame data onto a flat plane parallel to the roadway to generate mapped data and to modify the mapped data as a function of the accelerometer data.

US Pat. No. 10,168,425

CENTRALIZED VEHICLE RADAR METHODS AND SYSTEMS

GM Global Technology Oper...

10. A mobile platform comprising:a body comprising a front portion of the mobile platform and a rear portion of the mobile platform;
a plurality of distributed radar units configured around the body of the mobile platform, each of the plurality of distributed radar units configured to obtain respective radar signals, each of the plurality of distributed radar units disposed at a different respective location of the mobile platform, at least one of the plurality of distributed radar units disposed on the front portion of the mobile platform and at least one of the plurality of distributed radar units disposed on the rear portion of the mobile platform; and
a centralized radar processing unit disposed inside the body, the centralized radar processing unit coupled to each of the plurality of distributed radar units, and configured to directly process the radar signals from each of the plurality of distributed radar units;
wherein:
the mobile platform comprises an automotive vehicle that includes a hood and a trunk;
at least one of the plurality of distributed radar units is disposed on the hood;
at least another of the plurality of distributed radar units is disposed on the trunk;
a first one of the plurality of distributed radar units is disposed on a passenger side of the hood;
a second one of the plurality of distributed radar units is disposed on a driver side of the hood;
a third one of the plurality of distributed radar units is disposed on a passenger side of the trunk; and
a fourth one of the plurality of distributed radar units is disposed on a driver side of the trunk.

US Pat. No. 10,168,424

MANAGEMENT OF MOBILE OBJECTS

International Business Ma...

1. An apparatus comprising:a first acquiring section operable to acquire measurement data obtained by a first mobile object measuring the first mobile object, using a sensor of the first mobile object;
a second acquiring section operable to acquire detection data obtained by a second mobile object detecting the first mobile object in response to a request from outside, using a sensor of the second mobile object;
a first transmitting section of the first mobile object operable to transmit the measurement data and the request to the second mobile object;
the first mobile object includes a first data transmitting section operable to transmit the verification result to a mobile object server;
the second mobile object includes the first acquiring section, the second acquiring section, and a verifying section, the verifying section is operable to, in response to the first acquiring section acquiring the measurement data and the request, verify the validity of the measurement data using the detection data acquired by the second acquiring section, and the second mobile object further includes a verification result transmitting section operable to transmit a verification result of the verifying section to the first mobile object, wherein the verification result transmitting section may be operable to include a signature of the second mobile object in the verification result of the verifying section and transmit the verification result including the signature to the first mobile object, the second mobile object includes a second data transmitting section operable to transmit the detection data acquired by the second acquiring section to the mobile object server; and
the mobile object server operable to assist with movement of a plurality of mobile objects including the first mobile object and the second mobile object, the mobile object server includes a reliability judging section operable to judge the reliability of the first mobile object based on one or more of the verification results obtained by verifying the measurement data of the first mobile object, wherein the mobile object server includes a mobile object determining section operable to determine a mobile object for which the reliability is to be judged, and the first mobile object is operable to transmit the measurement data and the request to the second mobile object, in response to instructions from the mobile object determining section; and
the verifying section operable to verify validity of the measurement data using the detection data.

US Pat. No. 10,168,422

OPTICAL DISPLACEMENT SENSOR AND SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. An optical displacement sensor comprising:a light source configured to project light onto a measurement object;
an image sensor configured to receive light reflected from the measurement object;
an analog to digital converter configured to generate light receiving data based on the light reflected from the measurement object;
a processor configured to calculate a displacement amount of the measurement object on the basis of the light receiving data;
an input connector configured to receive a timing synchronization signal; and
an output connector configured to output the displacement amount calculated by the processor,
wherein the processor is configured to control, in response to the timing synchronization signal received through the input connector, an exposure duration determined by an overlap between a duration during which the light source projects light onto the measurement object and a duration during which the image sensor receives the reflected light,
wherein the processor is further configured to make a start timing of the exposure duration coincide with a start timing of a measurement period of the displacement amount, to make an end timing of the exposure duration coincide with an end timing of the measurement period of the displacement amount, or to make a center timing of the exposure duration coincide with a center timing of the measurement period of the displacement amount.

US Pat. No. 10,168,421

WEIGHT-LOADED TARGET CARRIER FOR LASER TRACKING

The United States of Amer...

1. A laser tracking system comprising a laser target assembly, said laser target assembly including a generally rectangular member, four legs, a shaft, at least one weight, and a retroreflective target, said generally rectangular member characterized by four corners and a central aperture extending therethrough, said shaft characterized by a shaft axis, said four legs each connected to said generally rectangular member at each corner of said rectangular member, said shaft passing through said central aperture, said retroreflective target connected to said shaft at an axial end of said shaft, said at least one weight connected to said shaft so that said shaft when in a vertical position exerts a downward force against said retroreflective target in the vertical axial direction of said shaft, wherein said laser target assembly is positionable upon a surface at each of plural locations of said surface whereby said legs and said retroreflective target are contiguous said surface, and wherein at each said location of said surface said retroreflective target is contiguous said surface in accordance with said downward force exerted by said at least one weight.

US Pat. No. 10,168,420

NONLINEAR INTERFEROMETRIC IMAGING SENSOR

1. A Doppler radar based interferometric imaging method for generating multiple images of high velocity fragments from an explosive or collision event, said method comprising:directing a continuous wave Doppler radar transmission signal comprising time synchronization signals from a transmission antenna into a test arena;
using an array of at least 3 receiving antennas, receive continuous wave Doppler radar signal returns from said test arena;
providing a digital down converted quadrature receiver for each receiving antenna, each quadrature receiver synchronized by said time synchronization signals,
when said explosive or collision event occurs, using each antenna of said array to synchronously sample said continuous wave Doppler signal returns from high speed debris fragments within the test arena at a rate sufficient to record the velocities of said high speed debris fragments,
using a high speed data recorder, recording data streams from each said quadrature receiver,
using phase dependent signal compression and interferometric imaging to resolve ranges and angles of said high speed debris fragments, and
imaging the trajectories of said high speed debris fragments in the test arena.

US Pat. No. 10,168,419

POLARIMETRIC RADAR FOR OBJECT CLASSIFICATION AND SUITABLE METHOD AND SUITABLE USE THEREFOR

ASTYX GmbH, Ottobrunn (D...

1. A polarimetric radar, comprising:a transmission assembly comprising transmission antennas that emits circularly polarized waves during operation of the polarimetric radar; and
a receiver assembly that receives reflected components of the circularly polarized wave using an antenna assembly during operation of the polarimetric radar,
wherein the receiver assembly comprises a plurality of two-channel receivers which, during operation, simultaneously receive clockwise- and anticlockwise-rotating circularly polarized signal components with a common phase center which are provided for digital beam shaping downstream of the antenna assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,168,418

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AVOIDING SENSOR INTERFERENCE USING VEHICULAR COMMUNICATION

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. A computer-implemented method for controlling sensor data acquisition using a vehicular communication network, comprising:establishing an operable connection for computer communication between a first vehicle and one or more remote vehicles within a communication range of the first vehicle using the vehicular communication network, wherein the first vehicle and the one or more remote vehicles operate based upon a common time base according to a global time signal;
receiving, from each of the one or more remote vehicles, capability data corresponding to the capabilities of sensors of each of the one or more remote vehicles, wherein the capability data includes a sensor actuation time slot of each of the one or more remote vehicles indicting a time slot at which the sensors of each of the one or more remote vehicles are actuating;
selecting a set of N remote vehicles from the one or more remote vehicles based on the capability data, wherein the set of N remote vehicles consists of those remote vehicles of the one or more remote vehicles within the communication range of the first vehicle that are closest to the first vehicle, and wherein the sensor actuation time slot of each of the remote vehicles in the set of N remote vehicles are different;
dividing a clock cycle into a plurality of time slots based on the set of N remote vehicles; and
controlling, according to the plurality of time slots and the sensor actuation time slot, sensor actuation of a sensor of the first vehicle and the sensors of each of the remote vehicles in the set of N remote vehicles.

US Pat. No. 10,168,417

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TRACKING LOCATION IN INDUSTRIAL FACILITIES

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A system, comprising:a control system, comprising:
a processor configured to:
receive a first signal from a light source within an industrial facility, wherein the first signal comprises a unique identification code configured to indicate at least a partial identity of a human resource within the industrial facility;
determine a proximity of the human resource with respect to the light source based at least in part on a received signal strength indicator (RSSI) of the first signal;
generate an indication of a location of the human resource within the industrial facility based on the determined proximity of the human resource to the light source;
an electronic hardhat configured to be worn by the human resource, and wherein the electronic hardhat is configured to transmit a second signal to the light source; and
wherein the processor is configured to generate a signal to trip or shut down one or more industrial machines within the industrial facility based on the determined proximity of the human resource to the light source.

US Pat. No. 10,168,416

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD OF ESTIMATING AN ARRIVAL TIME OF A WIRELESS TRANSMISSION

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of determining a time of arrival (ToA) of a wireless transmission, the method comprising:sampling, by a station, a signal received in a wireless transmission to generate first data in a time domain;
performing, by the station, a fast Fourier transformation (FFT) on the first data to generate second data in a frequency domain;
dividing, by the station, the second data by a reference signal to obtain a channel frequency response;
performing, by the station, an inverse discrete Fourier transform (IDFT) on the channel frequency response to obtain a channel impulse response;
determining, by the station, a peak in the channel impulse response; and
determining, by the station, the ToA based on the peak,
wherein the IDFT has P iterations, and an IDFT size of the IDFT is 2P*N, where the N is a number of samples of the channel frequency response, where P and N>=1.

US Pat. No. 10,168,415

POSITION DETERMINING DEVICE AND METHOD, AND KEYLESS ENTRY SYSTEM

ALPS ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. A position determining device configured to determine a position of a portable device configured to receive one or more radio signals transmitted from one or more antennas inside a vehicle, respectively, the position determining device comprising:a memory; and
a processor coupled to the memory, and configured to
determine an open or closed state of a door of the vehicle for getting in and out of the vehicle by receiving a signal from a door sensor configured to detect the open or closed state of the door;
calculate an evaluation value related to the position of the portable device based on a received signal strength of the one or more radio signals at the portable device; and
determine that the portable device is positioned inside the vehicle when the evaluation value satisfies a predetermined condition,
wherein the processor is configured to change at least one of the predetermined condition and a method of calculating the evaluation value in accordance with the determined open or closed state of the door.

US Pat. No. 10,168,413

SERVICE ENHANCEMENTS USING NEAR FIELD COMMUNICATION

T-Mobile USA, Inc., Bell...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:establishing a data transfer link with a near field communication (NFC) mobile device using a mobile telecommunication network;
prompting the NFC mobile device to obtain location information from a first NFC terminal device that is communicating with the NFC mobile device;
receiving the location information from the NFC mobile device via the data transfer link;
obtaining additional location information indicative of a location of the NFC mobile device using one or more additional positioning components of the NFC mobile device; and
determining the location of the NFC mobile device based at least on the location information received from the NFC mobile device, wherein the location information is used to obtain a terminal location of the first NFC terminal device from a database and the terminal location is utilized in determining the location of the NFC mobile device, wherein the determining includes:
searching the database at a first speed using the location information;
eliminating one or more location data entries from the database that correlates NFC device identifiers to locations based at least on the additional location information as obtained by the one or more additional positioning components, wherein the eliminating results in a list of remaining location data entries;
determining that a NFC device identifier matches the first NFC terminal device and a second NFC terminal device;
searching the database at a second speed using the additional location information, the second speed being greater than the first speed;
correlating the NFC device identifier included in the location information with a remaining location data entry from the list of remaining location data entries in the database to obtain a terminal location of the first NFC terminal device;
designating the terminal location as the location of the NFC mobile device;
transmitting the location of the NFC mobile device to a client, the location including an indication that a purchase transaction is legitimate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,412

DUAL AXIS TRACKING DEVICE

WTS LLC, St. Paul, MN (U...

1. A tracking device for tracking the location of a moving object, comprising:a spine portion supported by an upright support, for carrying a payload, and supported at a pivot connection, the spine portion defining a first axis of rotation extending along the spine and a second axis of rotation extending through the pivot connection perpendicular to the first axis of rotation;
a first linear actuation assembly causing the payload to rotate about the first axis of rotation;
a second linear actuation assembly causing the payload to rotate about the second axis of rotation; and
a control module configured to determine a position of a moving object in the sky based on a position of the tracking device on the surface of a planet, the control module further configured to operate the first and second linear actuation assemblies to direct the payload relative to the moving object, by calculating an azimuth and altitude of the moving object and calculating a corresponding rotation about the first axis and the second axis, wherein calculating the rotation about the first axis is performed to accommodate the motion about the second axis.

US Pat. No. 10,168,411

MEASURING DEVICE AND A METHOD FOR MEASURING A HIGH-FREQUENCY SIGNAL WITH DEEMBEDDING

1. A measurement apparatus for measuring a high-frequency signal, wherein the measurement comprises a time-domain measurement in real-time, the measurement apparatus comprising:an analog input configured to interface with a device under test (DUT) and to receive the high-frequency signal from the DUT;
an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) configured to digitize the high-frequency signal;
a signal processor; and
a signal deembedding circuit, disposed in a signal path between the ADC and the signal processor; and
wherein the signal deembedding circuit is configured to receive predetermined S-parameters associated with the DUT to in order to configure the signal deembedding circuit for the DUT based on the predetermined S-parameters,
wherein the signal deembedding circuit is configured to generate a compensated signal by compensating for signal effects in the high-frequency signal resulting from the interface between the analog input and the DUT, wherein the signal effects include echoes due to error matchings of the interface, wherein the signal deembedding circuit comprises at least one echo-compensation filter configured to compensate for the echoes, wherein the signal deembedding circuit facilitates a correction calculation on the digital plane in order to correct measurement errors which are superposed on the high-frequency signal to be measured, and
wherein the signal processor is configured to receive and further process the compensated signal for the time-domain measurement.

US Pat. No. 10,168,410

MRI DATA ACQUISITION, RECONSTRUCTION AND CORRECTION METHODS FOR DIFFUSION WEIGHTED IMAGINE (DWI) AND DIFFUSION TENSOR IMAGING (DTI) AND RELATED SYSTEMS

Duke University, Durham,...

1. A method configured for generating MRI images using an image processing system with a DWI and/or DTI artifact correction circuit, comprising:electronically acquiring diffusion-weighted MRI patient image data using calibration-scan defined gradient blips added to phase encoding gradients of a partial-Fourier echo-planar imaging (EPI) pulse sequence to acquire the diffusion-weighted MRI patient image data in order to reduce or correct for type 1 artifacts, wherein type 1 artifacts are artifacts due to signal loss associated with when an echo is shifted outside an acquired k-space;
electronically mathematically reconstructing a series of partial-Fourier diffusion-weighted EPI images using the acquired diffusion-weighted MRI patient image data with background phases estimated from different portions of k-space then combining the reconstructed partial-Fourier diffusion-weighted EPI images on a voxel by voxel basis in order to generate a composite image where the voxel by voxel basis results in a voxel-wise signal extracted from each of the series of reconstructed partial-Fourier diffusion weighted EPI images with a background-phase-estimating k-space portion from each of the reconstructed series of partial-Fourier diffusion-weighted EPI images matching a corresponding local echo-shifting effect in order to remove type 2 artifacts, wherein type 2 artifacts are artifacts due to partial Fourier reconstruction errors when an echo is shifted outside a central k-space band from which the background phase is computed;
providing patient-independent and diffusion direction-dependent B0EDDY maps of changes of B0 values due to diffusion gradient induced eddy current of a MR scanner used to acquire the diffusion-weighted MRI patient image data, wherein the B0EDDY maps are acquired using a phantom and can be provided as a stored resource of the MR scanner, and wherein B0EDDY refers to changes of B0 values due to diffusion gradient induces eddy current;
generating in vivo patient-dependent and diffusion-independent B0SUSC maps of changes of B0 value due to patient-dependent tissue susceptibility effect with the patient in the MR scanner, wherein B0SUSC refers to changes of the B0 values due to patient-dependent tissue susceptibility effect;
electronically mathematically removing geometric distortions in the acquired diffusion-weighted MRI patient image data in post-processing using the B0EDDY maps and B0SUSC maps; and
electronically generating MRI images using the composite image of the combined reconstructed partial-Fourier EPI images and the removed geometric distortions thereby generating MRI images corrected for type 1 and type 2 artifacts.

US Pat. No. 10,168,409

UNIVERSAL PHANTOM STRUCTURE FOR QUALITY INSPECTIONS BOTH ON COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY AND ON MAGNETIC RESONANCE TOMOGRAPHY

1. A phantom structure configured to acquire test images and to perform quality inspection on CT or MRT equipment, said phantom structure comprising:a parallelepiped-shaped container divided into sections by internal walls, said sections including:
a first parallelepiped-shaped section divided into two first compartments by a first partition, said two first compartments each having a mutually different volume;
a second parallelepiped-shaped section diagonally divided into at least two second compartments by at least one second partition so that said at least two second compartments are triangular prisms; and
a third parallelepiped-shaped section divided into four third compartments by two mutually transversal third partitions.

US Pat. No. 10,168,408

MPI APPARATUS WITH FAST FIELD OF VIEW MOTION

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. An apparatus for influencing and/or detecting magnetic particles in a field of view comprising:selection elements, the selection elements comprising a selection field signal generator unit and selection field elements, wherein the selection field elements are arranged to generate a magnetic selection field, the magnetic selection field having a pattern in space of its magnetic field strength in the field of view,
wherein, in a first sub-zone of the space, the magnetization of the magnetic particles is not saturated,
wherein, in a second sub-zone of the space, the magnetization of the magnetic particles is saturated,
drive elements comprising a drive field signal generator unit and drive field coils,
wherein the drive field coils are arranged to change a position in space of the first and second sub-zones in the field of view using a magnetic drive field so that the magnetization of the magnetic material changes locally,
focus elements comprising a focus field signal generator unit and one or more focus field elements,
wherein the focus field elements are arranged to change a position in space of the field of view using a magnetic focus field,
receiving elements arranged to acquire detection signals,
wherein the detection signals depend on the magnetization in the field of view,
wherein the magnetization in the field of view is influenced by the change in the position in space of the first and second sub-zone,
storage elements for storing a static system function of the apparatus obtained in the absence of the magnetic focus field,
processing elements for generating an extended system function by shifting a time-domain representation of the static system function in proportion to the changes of the position of the field of view caused by appliance of the magnetic focus field,
wherein the processing elements reconstruct the spatial distribution of the magnetic particles in the field of view using the detection signals and the extended system function.

US Pat. No. 10,168,407

MEDICAL IMAGING APPARATUS HAVING MULTIPLE SUBSYSTEMS, AND OPERATING METHOD THEREFOR

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A method for operating a medical imaging examination apparatus comprising a plurality of apparatus subsystems, comprising:providing a control protocol to control computer that is assigned to a scan sequence in which said control computer will control the plurality of apparatus subsystems in coordination to conduct the scan sequence to acquire medical imaging data from an examination subject;
in said control computer, determining sequence control data for said control protocol that define different functional sub-sequences of said scan sequence to be performed respectively by said apparatus subsystems;
in said control computer, assigning respectively different effective volumes of the examination subject to the respective functional sub-sequences;
in said control computer, determining current ambient conditions of said medical imaging examination apparatus that affect said sequence control data and said effective volumes;
in said control computer, calculating and storing control signals for said scan sequence dependent on said determined sequence control data, the determined effective volumes, and the determined current ambient conditions, by executing an algorithm in said control computer that optimizes the functional sub-sequences locally in the examination subject at least with regard to a sub-region of the respective effective volumes; and
in said control computer, starting said scan sequence using the stored control signals and, during said scan sequence, providing said control computer with a designation of at least one change of a sub-region of a respective effective volume, and automatically adapting said control signals for a remainder of said scan sequence dependent on said change, to maintain the optimization of the functional sub-sequences locally at least with regard to the changed sub-region.

US Pat. No. 10,168,406

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPTIMIZING A MAGNETIC RESONANCE SEQUENCE

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A method for optimizing operating a magnetic resonance (MR) sequence for operating an MR apparatus, the said MR sequence comprising a plurality of pre-set gradient switching sequences with a plurality of pre-set slew rates, said MR apparatus comprising gradient coils, said method comprising:providing a computer with an MR sequence comprising a plurality of pre-set gradient switching sequences for said gradient coils, each having at least one pre-set slew rate;
in said computer, automatically evaluating the respective pre-set slew rates of said pre-set gradient switching sequences;
in said computer, defining at least one optimizing measure for said MR sequence from said evaluation of said pre-set slew rates;
in said computer, automatically optimizing the MR sequence according to said at least one optimizing measure defined by said evaluation of said pre-set slew rates, in order to generate an optimized MR sequence comprising a plurality of optimized gradient switching sequences each with at least one optimized slew rate, with said optimized slew rates being respectively optimized according to said defined optimizing measure, in comparison to said pre-set slew rates in the MR sequence provided to the computer, so that pre-set slew rates in a first subset of said pre-set slew rates in the MR sequence provided to the computer are reduced, and pre-set slew rates in a second subset of said plurality of pre-set slew rates in the MR sequence provided to the computer are increased; and
generating control signals in said computer corresponding to the optimized MR sequence, and operating said MR apparatus with said control signals in order to acquire MR data from a subject, with said gradient coils operated, at respectively different times in said optimized MR sequence, with said reduced slew rate and with said increased slew rate, and reconstructing image data from the MR data, and displaying said image data as an MR image of the subject at a display screen in communication with said computer.

US Pat. No. 10,168,405

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR QUANTIFYING PROPERTIES OF AN OBJECT THROUGH MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (MRI)

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of processing a magnetic resonance (MR) image of an object including a first material and a second material on a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) apparatus by using multi-parameter mapping, the method comprising:applying to the object a plurality of radio frequency (RF) pulses, each of the plurality of RF pulses being separated from an adjacent RF pulse by either of a first repetition time and a second repetition time;
undersampling first MR signals corresponding to the first material and second MR signals corresponding to the second material in a K-space; and
performing matching between the undersampled first and the undersampled second MR signals and a signal model for the multi-parameter mapping to determine attribute values corresponding to the first and the second materials at at least one point in an MR image of the object,
wherein the plurality of RF pulses have a first interval during which the first repetition time is repeated a first plurality of times and a second interval during which the second repetition time is repeated a second plurality of times.

US Pat. No. 10,168,404

METHOD AND MAGNETIC RESONANCE APPARATUS FOR ESTABLISHING A RESONANT FREQUENCY

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A method for automated establishment of at least one resonant frequency in a magnetic resonance (MR) scanner, comprising:from a control computer, operating an MR scanner to acquire at least one MR signal from protons in a subject situated in the MR scanner;
in said control computer, Fourier transforming said MR signal to obtain a spectrum;
in said control computer, identifying resonant peaks in said spectrum;
in said control computer, counting a number of said resonant peaks in said spectrum in order to identify a numerical value of said number of resonant peaks in said spectrum;
in said control computer, determining at least one resonant frequency dependent on said numerical value of said number of resonant peaks;
from said control computer, generating and emitting an electronic signal said MR scanner to operate at said at least one resonant frequency in order to excite nuclear spins in said protons in said subject at said at least one resonant frequency and thereby obtaining further MR signals resulting from the nuclear spins having been excited at said at least one resonant frequency; and
in said control computer, reconstructing image data from said further MR signals, said image data representing selected protons that corresponds to the selected nuclear spins, and displaying said image data at a display as an MR image of the subject.

US Pat. No. 10,168,402

TRANSMIT/RECEIVE SWITCH, A TRANSMIT COIL ARRAY AND A RECEIVE COIL ARRAY FOR MRI

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft z...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging apparatus for magnetic resonance imaging of a subject of investigation, comprising:a) a coil arrangement for at least one of
a1) transmitting an excitation signal into the subject thereby exciting nuclear spins within the subject and
a2) receiving a response signal emitted by excited spins from the subject,
b) a high-power radio-frequency amplifier for generating the excitation signal to be transmitted into the subject,
c) a low-noise amplifier for receiving and amplifying the response signal from the subject,
d) a transmit/receive switch arranged between the coil arrangement on the one hand and the low-noise amplifier and the high-power radio-frequency amplifier on the other hand, the transmit/receive switch having a receive path between the coil arrangement and the low-noise amplifier, wherein the transmit/receive switch is alternatively operable in
d1) a transmit mode, in which the transmit/receive switch transmits the excitation signal from the high-power radio-frequency amplifier to the coil arrangement, while the transmit/receive switch protects the low-noise amplifier from an outgoing excitation signal, and
d2) a receive mode, in which the transmit/receive switch routes an incoming response signal to the low-noise amplifier
e) a quarter-wavelength segment arranged in the receive path of the transmit/receive switch, wherein the quarter-wavelength segment corresponds to a quarter wavelength of the Larmor frequency, and
f) a diode arranged at one end of the quarter-wavelength segment to short-circuit the receive path at said end of the quarter-wavelength segment, thereby creating an open circuit at the other end of the quarter-wavelength segment and thus preventing the outgoing excitation signal from reaching the low-noise amplifier.

US Pat. No. 10,168,401

RADIO-FREQUENCY COIL ASSEMBLY FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING

SHANGHAI UNITED IMAGING H...

1. A radio frequency (RF) coil assembly, comprising: one or more coil elements arranged on a shell, a cable connector electrically connected to the coil elements, and a rotational device, the cable connector including a cable and a connector, the cable having a number of inner wires enclosed with an outer insulative jacket, and the cable having a first end connected to the connector and a second end connected to the shell via the rotational device.

US Pat. No. 10,168,400

MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING APPARATUS INCLUDING RF SHIELD INCLUDING SLITS

Toshiba Medical Systems C...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging apparatus comprising:a birdcage-type RF coil formed in a substantially cylindrical shape; and
an RF shield formed in a substantially cylindrical shape and disposed on an outer circumferential side of the RF coil, wherein
the RF shield includes a plurality of slits, the slits extending to an area between two rings of the RF coil along an axial direction, all the slits being provided so as not to overlap the slits with a rung of the RF coil in a radial view.

US Pat. No. 10,168,399

MR FIELD PROBES WITH ADDITIONAL WINDINGS FOR IMPROVING THE HOMOGENEITY AND LOCALIZING THE MEASURING VOLUME

26. A magnetic resonance tomography system comprising:at least one field probe comprising:
a body; and
a coil surrounding at least a portion of the body, the coil having a center winding section and two outer winding sections, each outer winding section being adjacent to the center winding section,
wherein the center winding section is isolated from the two outer winding sections.

US Pat. No. 10,168,397

MAGNETIC FIELD SENSOR WITH INCREASED FIELD LINEARITY

Everspin Technologies, In...

1. A magnetic field sensor, comprising:a plurality of transducer legs coupled together as a first circuit configured to sense a magnetic field, wherein each transducer leg includes a plurality of magnetoresistance sense elements; and
a second circuit including a first plurality of current lines, wherein each current line of the first plurality of current lines is proximate a first set of corresponding magnetoresistance sense elements of the plurality of magnetoresistance sense elements of a transducer leg;
wherein, when at least one current line of the first plurality of current lines is energized, a magnetization of a first subset of magnetoresistance sense elements of the first set of magnetoresistance sense elements is aligned in a first direction, and
wherein a routing pattern of the at least one current line is configured to generate a population of magnetoresistance sense elements with magnetizations aligned in the first direction or a second direction opposite to the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,168,396

LOW FLY HEIGHT IN-PLANE MAGNETIC IMAGE SENSOR CHIP

MultiDimension Technology...

1. A low fly height in-plane magnetic image sensor chip for detecting a magnetic image, comprising:a silicon (Si) substrate with a pit on a surface of the Si substrate,
a magnetoresistive sensor, and
an insulating layer,
wherein the magnetoresistive sensor is located on the bottom surface of the pit in the Si substrate, the insulating layer is located above the magnetoresistive sensor, and the insulating layer is provided with a window corresponding to input and output ends of the magnetoresistive sensor,
wherein the input and output ends of the magnetoresistive sensor are connected with leads directly, or bonded with leads through pads, or through a conducting post and pads to form connections at the window,
wherein the conducting post connects the input and output ends of the magnetoresistive sensor and the pads located on the input and output ends of the magnetoresistive sensor or the conducting post,
wherein the plane where the magnetic image is located is a magnetic image detection plane, and the direction of the magnetic image moving in the magnetic image detection plane when working relative to the magnetoresistive sensor is a scanning direction, wherein the fly height of the leads is lower than the height of the surface of the Si substrate, and the magnetic image detection plane is parallel or coplanar with the surface of the Si substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,395

MAGNETIC SENSOR

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A magnetic sensor comprising:a chip having a placement surface;
a first magnetoresistance effect element located on the placement surface;
a second magnetoresistance effect element located on the placement surface, the second magnetoresistance effect element being separate on the placement surface from the first magnetoresistance effect element; and
a magnetic body that is provided on the placement surface, the magnetic body being located between the first and second magnetoresistance effect elements when viewed in a direction perpendicular to the placement surface,
wherein the magnetic body changes a direction of a magnetic field input to the first and second magnetoresistance effect elements,
resistance values of the first and second magnetoresistance effect elements change according to the direction of the input magnetic field,
the magnetic body has a recess with a concave shape on a side of the magnetic body that faces the placement surface, and
the recess faces a portion of the placement surface that is between the first and second magnetoresistance effect elements, and does not face any of the first and second magnetoresistance effect elements.

US Pat. No. 10,168,394

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING MAGNETISM MEASUREMENT DEVICE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING GAS CELL, MAGNETISM MEASUREMENT DEVICE, AND GAS CELL

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A method for manufacturing an atomic oscillator, the method comprising:arranging, in a void in a cell section made of a first glass, an ampoule made of a second glass different from the first glass and having a hollow part filled with a material, and then sealing the cell section; and
casting pulse light on the ampoule through the cell section and thus forming a penetration hole in the ampoule,
wherein the pulse light has an energy of 20 ?J/pulse to less than 200 ?J/pulse, and
the first glass has a lower absorption coefficient for the pulse light than an absorption coefficient of the second glass for the pulse light.

US Pat. No. 10,168,393

MICRO-VACANCY CENTER DEVICE

LOCKHEED MARTIN CORPORATI...

1. A vector magnetometer apparatus, the apparatus comprising:a micron-sized vacancy center diamond nitrogen-vacancy (micro-DNV) sensor positioned in a first layer of a multi-layer structure;
a micro-radio-frequency (RF) source configured to generate RF pulses to stimulate nitrogen-vacancy centers in the micro-vacancy center sensor;
a micron-sized light source positioned at a second layer of the multi-layer structure;
a fixed bias magnet; and
one or more micro-photo detectors configured to detect fluorescence radiation emitted by stimulated nitrogen-vacancy centers and positioned in the first layer of the multi-layer structure,
wherein the micro-vacancy center sensor comprises a micron-sized vacancy center crystal embedded in a cured bonding material, and wherein the micro-vacancy center assembly is operable to perform vector magnetometry when positioned in an external magnetic field.

US Pat. No. 10,168,392

TUNABLE ANISOTROPY OF CO-BASED NANOCOMPOSITES FOR MAGNETIC FIELD SENSING AND INDUCTOR APPLICATIONS

Carnegie Mellon Universit...

1. A nanocomposite comprising cobalt (Co), 30 atomic % or less of Iron (Fe) or Nickel (Ni) and 50 atomic % or less of one or more metals comprising boron (B), carbon (C), phosphorous (P), silicon (Si), chromium (Cr), tantalum (Ta), niobium (Nb), vanadium (V), copper (Cu), aluminum (Al), molybdenum (Mo), manganese (Mn), tungsten (W), and zirconium (Zr);wherein the nanocomposite further comprises:
a composite structure with crystalline grains less than approximately 50 nanometers in average diameter embedded within an amorphous matrix; and
a strain-annealed magnetic core formed through a thermo-mechanical process that includes at least one mechanical operation and at least one thermal operation, wherein the strain-annealed magnetic core comprises an induced anisotropy;
wherein the crystalline grains each comprise a close-packed crystal structure comprising a plurality of aligned faults in the close-packed crystal structure, with each of the faults aligned in a plane of the crystal structure, wherein the plurality of aligned faults in the close-packed crystal structure is configured to cause the induced anisotropy.

US Pat. No. 10,168,391

MULTI-FUNCTIONAL INTERCONNECT MODULE AND CARRIER WITH MULTI-FUNCTIONAL INTERCONNECT MODULE ATTACHED THERETO

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. An interconnect module, comprising:a metal clip comprising a first end section, a second end section and a middle section extending between the first and the second end sections, the first end section being configured for external attachment to a bare semiconductor die or packaged semiconductor die attached to a carrier or to a metal region of the carrier, the second end section being configured for external attachment to a different metal region of the carrier or to a different semiconductor die or packaged semiconductor die attached to the carrier; and
a magnetic field sensor secured to the metal clip, the magnetic field sensor operable to sense a magnetic field produced by current flowing through the metal clip,
wherein the metal clip is electrically connected to the bare semiconductor die or the packaged semiconductor die so that the metal clip and the bare semiconductor die or the packaged semiconductor die form part of a current pathway.

US Pat. No. 10,168,390

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MANAGING BATTERY ON THE BASIS OF TIME REQUIRED FOR CHARGING

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A state of health (SOH) estimating system comprising:a processor including a data measurer and a parameter estimator;
the data measurer determining a measured value of a time required for charging a battery at each of preset voltage intervals within a preset voltage range in which the battery is charged with a constant current; and
the parameter estimator determining an estimated value of a time required for charging the battery at each of the preset voltage intervals by a preset metamodel when a battery voltage is higher than the preset voltage range, and estimating a battery SOH in which an error between the measured value and the estimated value based on a weighted least square (WLS) is the lowest, and providing the estimated battery SOH to a user.

US Pat. No. 10,168,389

ALL-SOLID SECONDARY BATTERY, METHOD OF CONTROLLING ALL-SOLID SECONDARY BATTERY AND METHOD OF EVALUATING ALL-SOLID SECONDARY BATTERY

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A lithium ion secondary battery comprising:a cathode layer;
an anode layer comprising a solid electrolyte, an anode active material and a coating comprising a metal element, wherein the coating is disposed on the anode active material, and wherein the metal element is at least one of aluminum, titanium, zirconium, niobium, germanium, gallium, silver, indium, tin, antimony, and bismuth; and
a solid electrolyte layer disposed between the cathode layer and the anode layer,
wherein the coating has an electrochemical reaction potential with lithium that is greater than an electrochemical reaction potential of the anode active material with lithium.

US Pat. No. 10,168,388

GFCI SELF TEST SOFTWARE FOR AUTONOMOUS MONITORING AND FAIL SAFE POWER DENIAL

Hubbell Incorporated, Sh...

14. A method for auto-monitoring a ground fault circuit interrupter device comprising the steps of:determining an end-of-life state if the test signal from the fault detection circuit is less than a minimum threshold value for a first predetermined number of testing times within a first predetermined time period;
determining the end-of-life state if the test signal from the fault detection circuit is greater than a maximum threshold value for a second predetermined number of testing times within a second predetermined time period; and
generating an alarm signal when the end-of-life state is determined.

US Pat. No. 10,168,387

INTEGRATED DEFECT DETECTION AND LOCATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS IN SEMICONDUCTOR CHIP DEVICES

Infineon Technologies Aus...

1. A semiconductor chip defect detection and localization system comprising:a plurality of registers spaced apart from one another and coupled with one another by a signal line, wherein the signal line is arranged in a plurality of layers of a semiconductor chip; and
logic circuitry coupled to the plurality of registers and configured to determine a presence, a location, and a layer of a physical defect in at least one of the plurality of layers in which the signal line is arranged based on whether a signal propagates along the signal line and through one or more of the plurality of registers, wherein the logic circuitry is configured to determine the location and the layer of the physical defect in at least one of the plurality of layers based on a failure of a signal to propagate from a first one of the plurality of registers along the signal line to a second adjacent one of the plurality of registers, wherein the location of the physical defect is proximate the first one or the second adjacent one of the plurality of registers.

US Pat. No. 10,168,386

SCAN CHAIN LATENCY REDUCTION

International Business Ma...

1. A method, executed by one or more processors, the method comprising:receiving a scan chain design comprising a plurality of parallel scan chains, each parallel scan chain comprising one or more serially connected single-bit registers, each parallel scan chain having a scan chain length; wherein the plurality of parallel scan chains are interspersed with a plurality of stumpmuxes that segment the plurality of parallel scan chains into scan chain segments;
conducting a determining operation comprising determining a parallel scan chain having a longest scan chain length;
conducting a swapping operation comprising swapping scan chain segments attached to a selected stumpmux to reduce the longest scan chain length and produce an updated scan chain design; and
saving the scan chain design.

US Pat. No. 10,168,385

EYE PATTERN MEASUREMENT APPARATUS, AND CLOCK AND DATA RECOVERY SYSTEM AND METHOD OF THE SAME

MSTAR SEMICONDUCTOR, INC....

1. An eye pattern measurement apparatus, comprising:an eye pattern monitoring device, performing first sampling on a data signal by sequentially using a plurality of scan clock signals having different phases to obtain a plurality of scan data signals, wherein a period of the plurality of scan clock signals is equal to a period of a first clock signal synchronous with the data signal; and
a data aligning device, connected to the eye pattern monitoring device, receiving the plurality of scan data signals outputted by the eye pattern monitoring device, performing phase-shift on the first clock signal to generate a synchronization clock signal having a phase relationship, with the plurality of scan data signals, that satisfies a setup/hold time requirement, synchronizing the plurality of scan data signals with the synchronization clock signal, and outputting a plurality of synchronized scan data signals;
wherein, a phase of the synchronization clock signal further satisfies a condition that, a phase relationship between the plurality of scan data signals synchronized by the synchronization and the first clock signal further satisfies a setup/hold time requirement.

US Pat. No. 10,168,384

MODULAR TESTING SYSTEM WITH VERSATILE ROBOT

XILINX, INC., San Jose, ...

1. A modular chip package assembly testing system comprising:a first queuing station configured to receive a first carrier containing a plurality of chip package assemblies for testing within the modular chip package assembly testing system;
a second queuing station configured to receive a second carrier containing a plurality of chip package assemblies for testing within the modular chip package assembly testing system;
a plurality of test stations including at least a first test station and a second test station, each test station comprising:
an interface configured to receive and communicatively connect with at least one chip package assembly; and
a test processor configured to test the chip package assembly connected through the interface utilizing a predetermined test routine associated with each test station;
a robot having a range of motion operable to transfer a chip package assembly between any of the first queuing station, the second queuing station and the plurality of test stations;
an automatic identification and data capture (AIDC) device operable to read an identification tag affixed to a carrier disposed in the first and second queuing stations or affixed to chip package assembly disposed in the testing system; and
a controller configured to control placement of chip package assemblies by the robot in response information obtained from reading the identification tag coupled to a carrier disposed in at least one of the first and second queuing stations, the predefined test routine of the test processor of the first test station, and the predefined test routine of the test processor of the second test station.

US Pat. No. 10,168,383

TESTING PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY

International Business Ma...

1. A method comprising:integrating a printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) and a computing device, wherein the PCBA contains a plurality of functional areas and a plurality of non-functional areas on a printed circuit board (PCB);
stressing a non-functional area of the plurality of non-functional areas of the PCBA that is susceptible to defects, wherein the non-functional area contains an embedded component susceptible to defect;
applying destructive testing to failure of the embedded component susceptible to defect wherein applying further comprises:
exposing the non-functional area to strain;
exposing the non-functional area to flux; and
responsive to applying the destructive testing, deriving information from the applied destructive testing.

US Pat. No. 10,168,382

SENSITIVE, DANGEROUS, VULNERABLE, OR EXPENDABLE INSTALLED EQUIPMENT ITEM(S) SAFE PROGRAMMABLE AND EXPANDABLE RESOURCE ELECTRONIC TEST EQUIPMENT APPARATUSES AND RELATED METHODS FOR TESTING AND INTERFACING WITH MULTIPLE CLASSES OR TYPES OF SYSTEMS UNDER TES

The United States of Amer...

1. A test system comprising:a test control computer comprising a processor, a memory, a test control computer input/output section, and a non-transitory machine readable storage medium storing a plurality of non-transitory test control software instructions or control sections configured to control said test system;
a test set chassis and a common motherboard with a bus system coupled with said test control computer input/output section, wherein said common motherboard further comprising a plurality of circuit card insertion bus slots coupled to said common motherboard's bus system, said test set chassis further comprises a common ordinance ground connection or interface that each of said plurality of circuit card insertion bus slot ground pins connect with such that the system under test is not inadvertently energized or activated by power surges;
a plurality of number of relay card assemblies inserted into the circuit card insertion bus slots, wherein each said relay card assemblies comprises:
a programmable relay matrix and a field programmable gate array (FPGA), wherein said FPGA is connected or coupled with a card insertion bus interface of a respective relay card which in turn electrically couples with said common motherboard bus system through respective said circuit card insertion bus slots,
a programmable relay matrix (PRM) coupled with said FPGA, said PRM further configured with programmable first inputs and programmable first outputs respectively comprising reprogrammable PRM inputs and outputs, said PRM inputs and outputs are selectively configured by said FPGA based on instructions from said non-transitory test control software instructions or control sections to couple one or more said first inputs with one or more said first outputs of the PRM, wherein said PRM ground connections to the system under test are coupled by the PRM to the common ordinance ground through the common ordnance ground connection or interface such that the system under test is not inadvertently energized or activated by power surges from a power supply connected to the test system;
one or more connection ports, wherein said one or more connection ports on each relay card assembly are configured to couple with either the unit under test or to a test instrument, wherein said one or more test connection ports are also coupled with either said PRM input or said PRM output;
a plurality of secondary bus segments that reconfigurably create one or more additional bus or signal connections that passes between at least one of said relay card assemblies and also connects with at least one said PRM input or output so that one or more single wire segments in the plurality of secondary bus segments can be configured to create one or more additional programmable electrical paths using at least one said PRM between at least one said test instrument connected to one said relay card assembly and at least one said unit under test connected to another relay card assembly including connections through other said relay card assemblies and said secondary bus segments; and
one or more safety interlock interface cables configured with an electrical coupler or connector that each couples respectively with one of said one or more relay circuit card assembly connection ports, wherein at least one electrical couplers or connectors are formed with at least one safety structure or system comprising a first, second, or third safety structure, wherein said first safety structure comprises one or more of said electrical couplers or connectors formed without one or more electrical interface pins or sections that thereby isolates one or more bus or signal lines in said one or more connection ports from corresponding cable bus or signal lines in said one or more safety interlock interface cables, said second safety structure or system comprises a signal loop back structure which couples at least one of said safety interlock interface cable bus or signal lines with itself, third safety structure or system comprising a resistor disposed in series with at least one of said cable bus or signal lines in said safety interlock cable that connects with a predetermined equipment item in the unit under test;
wherein said plurality of non-transitory test control software instructions or control sections configured to control said test system further comprise instructions or control sections which check if one safety structure(s) or system(s) are present in at least one of said one or more safety interlock interface cables on one or more predetermined and stored said cable bus or signal lines associated with one or more predefined risk conditions associated with at least one said equipment item in said unit under test, wherein if at least one of said safety structures are not detected on said predetermined or stored said cable bus or signal lines associated with one or more said predefined risk conditions, then said test system will halt further testing and output a warning indication on a display or other output device.

US Pat. No. 10,168,381

METHOD FOR DETERMINING A DETERIORATION OF POWER SEMICONDUCTOR MODULES AS WELL AS A DEVICE AND CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENT

SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAF...

1. A method for characterizing a power semiconductor module with a power semiconductor component, the method comprising:developing a thermal model of the power semiconductor module at a reference time point;
establishing a reference temperature based at least in part on the thermal model of the power semiconductor module;
measuring a temperature-sensitive electrical parameter of the power semiconductor module at a later point in time during operation of the power semiconductor module;
determining a current temperature of the power semiconductor module from the measured temperature-sensitive electrical parameter of the power semiconductor module;
calculating a temperature difference between the current temperature and the reference temperature; and
determining a deterioration of the power semiconductor module based at least in part on the calculated temperature difference.

US Pat. No. 10,168,380

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE EVALUATION JIG, SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE EVALUATION APPARATUS, AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE EVALUATION METHOD

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A semiconductor device evaluation jig to be used with a semiconductor device evaluation apparatus for evaluating an electrical characteristic of a semiconductor device, the semiconductor device evaluation jig in use being disposed on a stage of the semiconductor device evaluation apparatus,the semiconductor device evaluation jig comprising:
a base having electrical conductivity and a plate shape,
the base having a first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface,
the base having, in the first surface, a mount region where the semiconductor device is to be mounted, and
the base having a through hole located in the mount region and extending through from the first surface to the second surface;
at least one temperature detecting element attached to the base;
a first electrode pad electrically connected to the temperature detecting element and formed in the first surface side; and
a second electrode pad formed in the first surface side of the base and electrically connected to the base,
in the first surface, the base having a second electrode pad recess, and the second electrode pad being disposed in the second electrode pad recess.

US Pat. No. 10,168,379

FIXED IMPEDANCE CABLING FOR HIGH VOLTAGE SURGE PULSE

AKTIEBOLAGET SKF, Gothen...

1. A system, comprising:an output cabling comprising an output wire and a return wire;
a surge generator configured to provide a voltage pulse at a first rise time down the output cabling to a device under test; and
wherein the output wire causes a ring at an initiation of the voltage pulse being provided by the surge generator to the device under test,
wherein the return wire is a return leg of the output cabling that is in a parallel path to the output wire and is configured to reduce or eliminate the ring,
wherein the return wire reduces the first rise time to a second rise time, and
wherein a potential of the return wire is the same as a potential of a component of the output wire.

US Pat. No. 10,168,378

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD OF DETERMINING ABNORMALITY OF ELECTRONIC DEVICE CONNECTING UNIT

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device, comprising:an external device connecting unit comprising a first function connecting unit and a second function connecting unit, wherein the first function connecting unit includes a first identification (first ID) pin configured to detect a connection with an external electronic device, and wherein the second function connecting unit includes a second identification (second ID) pin configured to detect the connection with the external electronic device; and
a processor configured to determine that an abnormality or a normality occurs in the external device connecting unit when values measured from the first ID pin and the second ID pin satisfy a predetermined condition,
wherein the external device connecting unit is a connecting unit according to a micro Universal Serial Bus (USB) protocol.

US Pat. No. 10,168,377

PREDICTING SERVICE LIFE OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT

International Business Ma...

1. A method for predicting a service life of electrical equipment, the method comprising:preparing at least one thermal history sensor mounted inside or on an outer wall surface of electrical equipment, the thermal history sensor including a plurality of dissimilar metal joints, wherein the plurality of dissimilar metal joints includes a plurality of metal pads of a first metal on a board and a metal wire made of a second metal having a diffusion coefficient lower than the diffusion coefficient of a first metal, and configured so that resistance values of the dissimilar metal joints change in response to an amount of intermetallic compound growing in the dissimilar metal joints due to a temperature inside the electrical equipment or of the outer wall thereof during operation;
periodically or irregularly monitoring and storing in memory the resistance values of the plurality of dissimilar metal joints from the thermal history sensor; and
predicting the service life of the electrical equipment using the stored resistance values.

US Pat. No. 10,168,375

PHASE CURRENT INTEGRATION METHOD FOR DIAGNOSING FAULT IN SWITCHED RELUCTANCE MOTOR POWER CONVERTER

China University of Minin...

1. A phase current integration method for diagnosing fault in switched reluctance motor power converter, the method comprising:detecting the transient value of phase current io(t) of switched reluctance motor power converter in a fault-free state, and obtaining the integral value of phase current in a fault-free state in one cycle through an integral operation according to the equation SnO=?T iO(t)dt, wherein n is the rotational speed of the motor, T is the change cycle of phase current, and t is time;
detecting the transient value of present phase current i(t) of switched reluctance motor power converter, and obtaining the integral value of phase current in the present state in one cycle through integral operation according to the equation Sn =?T i(t)dt, wherein, n is the rotational speed of the motor, T is the change cycle of phase current, and t is time;
the ratio En=Sn/SnO between the integral value Sn of the phase current in the present state in one cycle and the integral value SnO of the phase current in a fault-free state in one cycle is used as fault characteristic quantity to diagnose if the master switches of switched reluctance motor power converter have a short circuit or open circuit fault;
when the curve values of the ratio En=Sn/SnO are all 1 in the whole range of rotational speed, the switched reluctance motor power converter does not have a master switch fault;
when the curve values of the ratio En=Sn/SnO are above 1.2 in the whole range of rotational speed, the switched reluctance motor power converter has a master switch short circuit fault;
when the curve values of the ratio En=Sn/SnO are 0 in the whole range of rotational speed, the switched reluctance motor power converter has a master switch open circuit fault;
the positioning of fault phase with master switch short circuit or open circuit is realized through detecting phase current, obtaining the ratio En=Sn/SnO between the integral value Sn of the phase current in the present state in one cycle and the integral value SnO of the phase current in a fault-free state in one cycle and judging whether the curve value of the ratio En=Sn/SnO in the whole range of rotational speed is equal to 1, above 1.2 or equal to 0.

US Pat. No. 10,168,374

POWER DISTRIBUTION UNIT AND ALARM METHOD APPLIED IN THE SAME

International Business Ma...

1. An apparatus comprising:a first socket configured to receive a plug, the first socket having a first power end and a first ground end, and the first socket disposed at a base;
a first AND gate having a first input end and a second input end, and the first input end is electrically connected to a first output end of a first inverter;
a first switch positioned proximal to the first power end, the first switch having a first end and a second end, the first end is electrically connected to a third input end of the first inverter, the first end and the third input end are together electrically connected to a preset power, and the second end is grounded;
a second switch positioned proximal to the first ground end, the second switch having a third end and a fourth end, the third end is electrically connected to the second input end, the third end and the second input end are together electrically connected to the preset power, and the fourth end is grounded; and
a second output end of the first AND gate to output an alarm signal responsive to the first switch being short when the plug is electrically connected to the first power end and the second switch being open when the plug is electrically disconnected from the first ground end.

US Pat. No. 10,168,373

DIAGNOSTIC DEVICE FOR CHECKING A CONTROL SIGNAL LINE

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A diagnostic device for checking a control signal wire disposed between a controller of a motor vehicle and a vehicle-side charging port for a battery of the motor vehicle, the diagnostic device comprising:a first resistor and a diode arranged in the controller, said first resistor connecting the control signal wire to ground,
a second resistor connected electrically in parallel with a group consisting of the diode and the first resistor on the vehicle-side charging port,
an evaluation device of the controller comprising at least one of a current source and a voltage source arranged in the controller for supplying a current or a voltage when the battery is not being charged, said evaluation device configured to measure a current or a voltage indicating a control signal wire defect by using the parallel connection of the first and the second resistor.

US Pat. No. 10,168,372

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR LEAKAGE CURRENT AND FAULT LOCATION DETECTION IN ELECTRIC VEHICLE DC POWER CIRCUITS

General Electric Company,...

1. A system comprising:a DC power circuit including:
a DC bus comprising a pair of conductors;
one or more energy storage devices connected to the DC bus to provide a DC power thereto;
one or more power converters connected to the DC bus and configured to condition the DC power; and
one or more loads positioned to receive power from the DC bus or the one of the respective one or more power converters; and
a plurality of DC leakage current detectors positioned throughout the DC power circuit, the plurality of DC leakage current detectors configured to sense and locate a leakage current fault in the DC power circuit;
wherein each of the plurality of DC leakage current detectors is configured to generate a net voltage at an output thereof indicative of whether a leakage current fault is present at a location at which the respective DC leakage current detector is positioned.

US Pat. No. 10,168,371

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING THE IMPACT OF MOISTURE ON DIELECTRIC SEALING MATERIAL OF DOWNHOLE ELECTRICAL FEEDTHROUGH PACKAGES

1. A system for determining the impact of moisture on a dielectric sealing material, the system comprising:a testing apparatus comprising a testing chamber, the testing chamber surrounded by a rigid shell;
a dielectric sealing material and a conducting pin positioned within the rigid shell and exposed to the testing chamber;
a first electrical lead coupled to the conducting pin;
a second electrical lead coupled to the testing apparatus, the dialectic sealing material positioned between the first electrical lead and the second electrical lead;
an insulation resistance measurement unit coupled to both the first electrical lead and the second electrical lead, the insulation resistance measurement unit configured to measure an insulation resistance value between the electrical leads;
a fluid conducting aperture positioned within the rigid shell, the fluid conducting aperture configured to transfer a fluid into the testing chamber; and
wherein the insulation resistance measurement unit measures a first insulation resistance value of the dielectric sealing material in a first environmental condition, and the insulation resistance measurement unit measures a second insulation resistance value of the dielectric sealing material at a second environmental condition after a hydraulic pressurized fluid has been introduced into the testing chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,168,370

SEMICONDUCTOR APPARATUS AND TEST SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

SK hynix Inc., Icheon-si...

1. A semiconductor apparatus comprising:an input/output pad configured to exchange signals with an external device;
a control pad configured to be inputted with a discharge signal from the external device; and
a first electrostatic protection unit configured to form an electrostatic discharge path from the input/output pad to a first voltage supply line in response to the discharge signal,
wherein the discharge signal is independent of the signals inputted to the input/output pad, and
wherein the electrostatic discharge path is a single directional current path blocking a current from the first voltage supply line to the input/output pad,
wherein the first electrostatic protection unit comprises:
a transfer section configured to transfer static electricity generated in the input/output pad to a transfer node; and
a discharge control section configured to discharge the static electricity transferred to the transfer node to the first voltage supply line in response to the discharge signal.

US Pat. No. 10,168,369

DEVICE AND METHOD OF TESTING DUAL-FREQUENCY NONLINEAR VECTOR NETWORK PARAMETERS

THE 41ST INSTITUTE OF CHI...

1. A device of for testing dual-frequency nonlinear vector network parameters, the device comprising:a frequency reference module configured to generate two signal sources and a local oscillator signal source for sending a local oscillator signal to a receiver, the two signal sources being a first signal source and a second signal source;
selector switches comprising a first selector switch, a second selector switch, a third selector switch, a fourth selector switch, a fifth selector switch, a sixth selector switch and a seventh selector switch;
testing ports comprising a first testing port, a second testing port and a third testing port;
multiplier selection units comprising a first multiplier selection unit and a second multiplier selection unit for realizing selection of pass-through, double, triple . . . n-tuple for the signals;
receivers comprising an R receiver for providing a phase reference for the nonlinear testing, an R1 receiver for testing an output signal of the first signal source, an R2 receiver for testing the output signal of the second signal source, an A receiver for testing the signal entering the first testing, port, a B receiver for testing the signal entering the second testing port, and a C receiver for testing the signal entering the third testing port;
couplers comprising a first coupler, a second coupler, a third coupler, a fourth coupler and a fifth coupler;
a mixer configured to frequency mix an output signal of the first multiplier selection unit and the output signal of the second multiplier selection unit and output the signal subject to frequency mixing to the R receiver via the fifth selector switch;
a computer module; and
loads comprising a first load and a second load, wherein
each of the receivers comprises a frequency mixing module, an intermediate frequency conditioning module, an A/D conversion module and a DSP vector calculation module;
the first coupler sends a coupled portion of the signal emitted from the first signal source to the R1 receiver;
the second coupler sends the coupled portion of the signal emitted from the second signal source to the R2 receiver;
the third coupler sends the coupled portion of the incoming signal from the first testing port to the A receiver;
the fourth coupler sends the coupled portion of the incoming signal from the second testing, port to the B receiver;
the fifth coupler sends the coupled portion of the incoming signal from the third testing port to the C receiver;
the first signal source and the second signal source input the signal to the first testing port or the third testing port in an independent or combined fashion, the second signal source outputs the signal to the second testing port independently, the local oscillator signal source sends the local oscillator signal to the R receiver, the R1 receiver, the R2 receiver, the A receiver, the B receiver and the C receiver;
the signals from the first signal source and the second signal source are respectively divided into the first multiplier selection unit and the second multiplier selection unit, and
the signal output from the first multiplier selection unit is sent to the R receiver via the sixth selector switch and the fifth selector switch, or
the signal output from the second multiplier selection unit is sent to the R receiver via the seventh selector switch and the fifth selector switch, or
the signal output from the first multiplier selection unit and the signal output from the second multiplier selection unit enter the mixer where the frequency mixing is performed via the sixth selector switch and the seventh selector switch respectively, and the signal that is frequency mixed by the mixer is sent to the R receiver via the fifth selector switch;
the signal in the R receiver and the signals that respectively enter the R1 receiver, R2 receiver, A receiver, B receiver and C receiver via the first coupler, the second coupler, the third coupler, the fourth coupler and the fifth coupler are frequency mixed with the local oscillator signal generated h the local oscillator signal source to output an intermediate frequency signal which is subjected to intermediate frequency conditioning by an intermediate frequency conditioning module, then enters the A/D conversion module for sampling and conversion and then enters the DSP vector calculation module where the digital intermediate frequency signal is subjected to I/Q decomposition and filtering, and the received signal is tested for amplitude and phase to obtain test data, and the test data being sent to the computer module for nonlinear modeling; and
the computer module controls a sweep frequency and a power of the first signal source, the second signal source, and the local oscillator signal source.

US Pat. No. 10,168,368

THREE PHASE CONVERTING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ESTIMATING CAPACITANCE

DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC., ...

10. A three phase converting device comprising:a three phase converter, wherein a non-baseband signal is input to the three phase converter, such that a bus voltage of the three phase converter generates a non-baseband flutter;
a bus voltage estimator configured to obtain the bus voltage of the three phase converter, and further configured to obtain a bus voltage estimating value based on the bus voltage, a bus capacitance estimating value, an input power, and an output power of the three phase converter; and
a bus capacitance estimator configured to filter the bus voltage and the bus voltage estimating value to respectively output a first AC component and a second AC component corresponding to the non-baseband flutter, wherein the bus capacitance estimator is further configured to estimate a bus capacitance based on the first AC component, the second AC component, and a bus capacitance initial value.

US Pat. No. 10,168,367

AUTOMATIC MEASUREMENT AND NOTIFICATION OF ELECTRICAL LEVEL USING SMARTPHONE SENSORS

International Business Ma...

1. A method for detecting unsafe electrical power levels by a personal mobile device, the method comprising:detecting, by a magnetic sensor of the personal mobile device, a magnitude of a magnetic field produced by a power line;
determining, by a GPS module of the personal mobile device, a location at which the magnetic sensor is detecting the magnetic field produced by the power line;
receiving, by one or more processors of the personal mobile system, inputted information from an electrical worker operating the personal mobile device, indicating a classification level of the electrical worker;
determining, by the one or more processors, a distance from the determined location at which the magnetic sensor is detecting the magnetic field produced by the power line and the power line;
determining, by the one or more processors, if the magnitude of the detected magnetic field produced by the power line exceeds a predefined electrical power level threshold, stored on one or more computer-readable storage media of the personal mobile device, that is associated with the inputted electrical worker classification level, based on the determined distance from the location at which the magnetic sensor detected the magnetic field produced by the power line and the power line;
in response to determining, by the one or more processors, that the magnitude of the detected magnetic field produced by the power line exceeds the predetermined electrical power level threshold that is associated with the inputted electrical worker classification level, the one or more processors causing an alert module of the personal mobile system to produce an alert on the personal mobile system.

US Pat. No. 10,168,366

EMULATING A CONSTANT POWER LOAD USING A CONSTANT CURRENT LOAD

International Business Ma...

1. A method comprising:obtaining, by a processor, testing metrics for a power source to be tested, wherein the testing metrics include one or more power thresholds, a sampling rate, and a power profile, wherein the power profile includes a period of time to test each of the one or more power thresholds, wherein the power profile constitutes an iteration, and wherein one or more iterations are completed;
obtaining an initial current level for a constant current electronic load (e-load) based on the voltage of the power source to be tested and a first power threshold of the one or more power thresholds;
setting the current level of the constant current e-load to the initial current level;
determining, by a power meter, power-draw of the constant current e-load connected to the power source, wherein the power-draw is output according to the sampling rate;
comparing the power-draw to the first power threshold of the one or more power thresholds, wherein comparing the power-draw to the first power threshold includes calculating an error between the power-draw and the first power threshold, wherein the error is output according to the sampling rate, and wherein each of the one or more power thresholds has an error allowance;
adjusting, in response to the power-draw not satisfying the first power threshold, the current level of the constant current e-load such that the power-draw approaches the first power threshold, wherein adjusting the current level is based on the error between the power-draw and the first power threshold, the sum of error output received according to the sampling rate, and the rate of change of the power-draw;
determining, based on the comparison, that the power-draw exceeds the error allowance of the first power threshold;
increasing, in response to the power-draw exceeding the error allowance of the first power threshold, the sampling rate;
determining, based on the testing metrics, that a second power threshold is to be tested;
obtaining a second initial current level for the constant current e-load based on an inferred voltage of the power source and the second power threshold;
setting the current level of the constant current e-load to the second initial current level;
determining, by the power meter, power-draw of the constant current e-load connected to the power source at the second power threshold, wherein the power-draw is output according to the sampling rate;
comparing the power-draw to the second power threshold of the one or more power thresholds, wherein comparing the power-draw to the second power threshold includes calculating an error between the power-draw and the second power threshold, wherein the error is output according to the sampling rate; and
adjusting, in response to the power-draw not satisfying the second power threshold, the current level of the constant current e-load such that the power-draw approaches the second power threshold, wherein adjusting the current level is based on the error between the power-draw and the second power threshold, the sum of error output received according to the sampling rate, and the rate of change of the power-draw.

US Pat. No. 10,168,365

MICROFABRICATED CALORIMETER FOR RF POWER MEASUREMENT

Bird Technologies Group I...

1. A radio frequency (RF) power calorimeter comprising:a load electrically coupled to a RF input, the RF input configured to be electrically coupled to an RF power source;
a variable low-frequency power source electrically coupled to the load and configured to apply low-frequency power to the load;
a thermal medium thermally coupled to the load;
an outlet temperature sensor thermally coupled to the thermal medium, the outlet temperature sensor being positioned to measure the temperature of the thermal medium due to heating by the load;
circuitry configured to calculate power of the RF source electrically coupled to the RF input by: determining an average power of the RF source based on temperature measurements of the thermal medium using a variable bias from the low-frequency power source;
a single fluid loop comprising a fluid channel path array configured to vary a flowrate of said thermal medium through said single fluid loop.

US Pat. No. 10,168,364

BATTERY MONITORING SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE AND A METHOD THEREOF

WIPRO LIMITED, Bangalore...

1. A battery source monitoring system for a vehicle, the system comprising:a plurality of switching circuits, each switching circuit with a two-way current line to enable switching of one or more accessory devices between a primary battery source and an auxiliary battery source;
at least one current sensor configured to detect current consumption of the one or more accessory devices connected to an auxiliary battery source; and
a control unit, interfaced to the plurality of switching circuits, the primary battery source, the auxiliary battery source, the at least one current sensor and an ignition sensor, on detecting vehicle ignition OFF condition, is configured to:
determine ON condition of the one or more accessory devices;
switch power source of the one or more accessory devices in ON condition from the primary battery source to the auxiliary battery source;
comparing current consumption of each accessory device with a predetermined threshold; and
when the current consumption of a first accessory device surpasses the predetermined threshold, control the plurality of switching circuits to:
disconnect the first accessory device from the auxiliary battery source by switching power source of the first accessory device from the auxiliary battery source to the primary battery source; and
selectively power the remaining accessory devices and the at least one current sensor by the auxiliary battery source simultaneously, thereby monitoring the battery source of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,168,362

ACTIVE SLIDE SCREW TUNER

1. An active slide screw impedance tuner, comprisingtwo ports, a test port and an idle port, and a slotted low loss airline (slabline) between the ports;
external amplifier having an input and an output port;
characteristic impedance (Zo) terminations;
and at least two mobile carriages, carriage #1 closest to the test port and carriage #2 closest to the idle port;wherebythe carriages slide independently along the axis of the slabline and have, each, a vertically movable axis;and wherebycarriage #1 has a signal coupler #1 attached on its vertical axis, which adjusts the penetration of the coupler into the slot of the slabline;and wherebya signal coupler #2 is inserted into the slot of the slabline at a fixed position between the test port and carriage #2;and whereby each coupler has a coupled port and an isolated port;and whereby the amplifier is connected to the couplers as follows:the input port is connected to the coupling port of coupler #1 and the output port to the coupled port of coupler #2;and wherebycarriage #2 carries on its vertical axis a reflective (tuning) probe insertable to adjustable depth into the slot of the slabline and capacitively coupled with the center conductor of the slabline;and whereby the isolated ports are terminated with characteristic impedance (Zo);and whereby the coupling port of each coupler is close to the test port and the isolated port of each coupler is close to the idle port.

US Pat. No. 10,168,360

MEASUREMENT DEVICE FOR LIGHTING INSTALLATIONS AND RELATED METHODS

FLIR Systems, Inc., Wils...

1. A measurement device comprising:a housing configured to be hand-held by a user;
a visible light sensor disposed at least partially on the housing, the visible light sensor being configured to sense visible light emitted from a light source and generate a first signal indicative of an intensity of the visible light;
a logic device within the housing and configured to process the first signal to determine the intensity of the visible light,
wherein the logic device is further configured to receive and process a second signal indicative of a physical parameter associated with an external article to determine a magnitude of the physical parameter; and
a display disposed at least partially on the housing and configured to present information representing a numerical value indicative of the intensity of the visible light and a numerical value indicative of the magnitude of the physical parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,168,358

ADVANCED RADIO FREQUENCY SENSING PROBE

CTS CORPORATION, Lisle, ...

1. A radio frequency probe system, comprising:a coaxial cable having an inner conductor directly surrounded by an inner dielectric material, the inner dielectric material covered by a conducting coaxial braid, and the conducting coaxial braid covered by an outer insulating jacket;
a conductive outer sleeve in direct electrical contact with the coaxial braid; and
an inner conductor sheath encasing the inner conductor, extending beyond the conducting outer sleeve.

US Pat. No. 10,168,357

COATED PROBE TIPS FOR PLUNGER PINS OF AN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT PACKAGE TEST SYSTEM

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprising:a plunger having a tip to contact a solder ball of an integrated circuit package;
a sleeve to hold the plunger and allow the plunger to move toward and away from the package, the sleeve being held in a socket;
a spring within the sleeve to drive the plunger toward the package; and
a coating over the tip, the coating having an inner portion and an outer portion, the outer portion being harder than a solder ball, and the inner portion softer than the outer portion, wherein the coating is an electro-plated titanium that is heat treated to form a ceramic oxide coating over the titanium.

US Pat. No. 10,168,356

TEST AND MEASUREMENT PROBE WITH ADJUSTABLE TEST POINT CONTACT

Tektronix, Inc., Beavert...

1. A probe for making electrical contact with a test point in a device-under-test, the probe comprising:a body;
a rigid member structured to be able to travel linearly with respect to the body;
a flexible arm having a test point contact disposed at a first end, and fastened at a second end to the rigid member; and
a flexible linkage fixed to the body and connected to a point on the flexible arm between the first end and the second end, the flexible linkage structured to cause the flexible arm to bend in response to travel of the rigid member in a first direction, and to unbend in response to travel of the rigid member in a second direction, wherein the flexible linkage is substantially nonplanar with the flexible arm.

US Pat. No. 10,168,355

RADIO FREQUENCY TEST SOCKET AND RADIO FREQUENCY TEST CABLE

ZTE CORPORATION, Shenzhe...

1. A device for mobile phone radio frequency test, comprising:a radio frequency test socket, wherein the radio frequency test socket comprises: a radio frequency test base; a connection apparatus fixed in the radio frequency test base; and a first elastic apparatus and a second elastic apparatus, wherein the first elastic apparatus and the second elastic apparatus are fixed in the radio frequency test base, and elastically connected to the connection apparatus respectively;
a radio frequency test cable, wherein the radio frequency test cable comprises: a radio frequency test plug fixed at an end of the radio frequency test cable; and an insulated push pin apparatus which is installed on a side of the radio frequency test plug and is longer than the radio frequency test plug; and
a test circuit, configured to test, through the radio frequency test cable and the radio frequency test socket, a first test apparatus and a second test apparatus respectively, wherein the first test apparatus and the second test apparatus are connected to the first elastic apparatus and the second elastic apparatus in the radio frequency test socket respectively,
wherein the test circuit comprises a first test sub-circuit configured to disconnect the radio frequency test cable from the second test apparatus by urging the insulated push pin apparatus against the second elastic apparatus, and utilize a connection between the radio frequency test plug and the connecting apparatus, so as to test the first test apparatus connected to the first elastic apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,168,354

SCANNING PROBE MICROSCOPE

Shimadzu Corporation, Ky...

1. A scanning probe microscope comprising:a condensing optical system which includes a laser beam source, a collimator lens configured to convert laser beam from the laser beam source into parallel beam, and a focus lens configured to condense the laser beam converted into the parallel beam;
a cantilever provided with a reflecting surface which reflects the laser beam from the condensing optical system; and
a detector which detects the laser beam reflected by the cantilever,
the condensing optical system including a cylindrical lens barrel having the laser beam source fixed to one end thereof, and a cylindrical lens mount which is coaxially disposed inside the lens barrel and has the collimator lens fixed to an end portion on a side close to the laser beam source and the focus lens fixed to an end portion on an opposite side,
the lens mount being configured to be movable in an axis direction with respect to the lens barrel by a screw groove engraved on an outer circumferential surface of the lens mount and an inner circumferential surface of the lens barrel,
wherein a ring-shaped elastic member is attached between the outer circumferential surface of the lens mount and the inner circumferential surface of the lens barrel.

US Pat. No. 10,168,353

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR INVESTIGATING A SAMPLE SURFACE

NANYANG TECHNOLOGICAL UNI...

1. An apparatus for investigating a sample surface, the apparatus comprising:a probe array comprising a substrate and a plurality of probe tips extending from the substrate, the probe tips comprising a transparent and deformable material and configured to contact the sample surface;
an actuator configured to move the probe array towards the sample surface;
a light source configured to illuminate the probe tips with an illumination through the substrate; and
an image capture device arranged to detect a change in intensity of the illumination reflected from the probe tips.

US Pat. No. 10,168,352

MULTI SENSOR POSITION AND ORIENTATION MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

1. A system for measuring a position or an orientation of an object, comprising:a first set of sensors, including a rotation sensor, providing output signals each representative of a measurement of a vector in the object's body frame; and
one or more filters which combine the output signals over multiple time points to provide a system output signal representative of a vector related to one or more of velocity, position, and orientation of the object relative to a predetermined reference frame, wherein the filters combine the sensors' output signals at each time point in the object's body frame.

US Pat. No. 10,168,351

ACCELERATION SENSOR HAVING SPRING FORCE COMPENSATION

Northrop Grumman LITEF Gm...

1. An acceleration sensor comprising:a sensor material which is mounted by means of spring elements so as to be movable along a movement axis (x) over a substrate
first trim electrodes which are connected to the sensor material, the first trim electrodes including comb electrodes comprised of electrode fingers and a region from which the electrode fingers extend; and
second trim electrodes formed as electrode plates and which are connected to the substrate and are associated with the first trim electrodes, wherein
when the sensor material is deflected along the movement axis (x), a spring force acting on the sensor material is generated by the spring elements;
when the sensor material is deflected, an electrostatic force acting on the sensor material, which counteracts the spring force, is generated by application of an electrical trim voltage between the first trim electrodes and the second trim electrodes,
wherein a side of the region from which the electrode fingers extend forms plate capacitors with the associated second trim electrodes where the plate capacitors generate the electrostatic force.

US Pat. No. 10,168,350

PHYSICAL QUANTITY SENSOR, PHYSICAL QUANTITY SENSOR DEVICE, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, AND MOVING OBJECT

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A physical quantity sensor, comprising:a substrate that is rectangular-shaped and that has a recess and a ledge, the ledge surrounding the recess in a plan view; and
an element piece that is movably bonded to the substrate, the element piece being configured with:
a support member that is rectangular-ring-shaped and that is located directly adjacent to a periphery of the recess in the plan view, the support member being configured with first, second, third, and fourth side bars connected to each other, the first and second side bars being opposite to each other and extending in a first direction, the third and fourth side bars being opposite to each other and extending in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction, the third side bar being bonded to the ledge of the substrate so that the element piece is movably supported by the support member;
a first elastic member that is provided directly adjacent to the first side bar and that is elastically connected to part of the first side bar;
a second elastic member that is provided directly adjacent to the second side bar and that is elastically connected to part of the second side bar;
a movable electrode that is surrounded by the first and second elastic members, the third side bar, and the fourth side bar in the plan view, the movable electrode being movably connected to the support member via the first and second elastic members, the movable electrode having a plurality of movable electrode fingers that extend along the first direction; and
a fixed electrode that is surrounded by the movable electrode in the plan view, the fixed electrode being connected to the substrate at a first area of the recess, the fixed electrode having a plurality of fixed electrode fingers that extend along the first direction, side surfaces of the plurality of movable electrode fingers facing side surfaces of the plurality of fixed electrode fingers in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,168,349

BOLOMETER FLUID FLOW SENSOR

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A sensor comprising:a substrate having a first surface;
a cap structure connected to the substrate, the cap structure configured to define a cavity between an inner surface of the cap structure and the first surface of the substrate, the cap structure including an infrared opaque material configured to block infrared radiation from entering the cavity from outside the cap structure;
a plurality of absorbers, each absorber in the plurality of absorbers being connected to respective electrodes that suspend the respective absorber above the first surface of the substrate at a respective position within the cavity, each absorber in the plurality of absorbers being configured to absorb infrared radiation at the respective position within the cavity; and
a plurality of readout circuits, each readout circuit in the plurality of readout circuits being connected to a respective absorber in the plurality of absorbers via the respective electrodes and configured to provide a measurement signal that indicates an amount of infrared radiation absorbed by the respective absorber.

US Pat. No. 10,168,348

METHOD FOR DETERMINING AN AVERAGE SEGMENT TIME OF AN ENCODER WHEEL OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A method for determining an average segment time of an encoder wheel of an internal combustion engine, the method comprising:operating the internal combustion engine in a coasting operation or in a freely falling operation or with a large rotational speed gradient;
while the internal combustion engine is operating in the coasting operation or in the freely falling operation or with the large rotational speed gradient, acquiring segment times using a sensor, via a control device, wherein the encoder wheel is connected in a rotationally fixed manner to a crankshaft of the internal combustion engine, markings being situated along a circumference of the encoder wheel, and the crankshaft of the internal combustion engine passing through specified angular ranges during segment times;
determining, via the control device, associated rotational speed values from the segment times;
determining, via the control device, a rotational speed curve over time from the individual ones of the determined rotational speed values;
determining, via the control device, a value of an average rotational speed from the rotational speed curve;
determining, via the control device, an average segment time from the value of the average rotational speed; and
controlling the internal combustion engine using the determined average segment time, the controlling including regulating uneven running of the internal combustion engine based on the determined average segment time.

US Pat. No. 10,168,346

METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE PRESENCE OR ABSENCE OF DISPOSABLE PIPETTE TIPS IN PIPETTE TIP CARRIERS

TECAN TRADING AG, Manned...

1. A method for determining presence or absence of disposable pipette tips (1) in selected pipette tip carriers (2) on the work area (3) of a laboratory work station (4), wherein each of the selected pipette tip carriers (2) comprises a carrier plate (5) with an orthogonal arrangement of receiving holes (6), in which respectively one disposable pipette tip (1) can be inserted, wherein the laboratory work station (4) comprises a robot arm (7) with at least one pipette (8), which is configured for receiving and delivering liquid samples and for receiving and discarding disposable pipette tips (1), and wherein the laboratory work station (4) comprises a digital camera (9) which is disposed on a carrier device (10) and which is operatively connected to an evaluation unit (11), and with which the work area (3) of the laboratory work station (4) can be completely imaged at least in a first direction, wherein by using the evaluation unit (11):a) the pipette tip carriers (2) arranged on the work area (3) of the laboratory work station (4) are selected;
b) at least one digital image (12) with a plurality of pixels is taken of each of the selected pipette tip carriers (2) using the digital camera (9);
c) in relation to the at least one digital image (12) of each of the selected pipette tip carriers (2), a grid (14) consisting of grid elements (13) is defined on the respective pipette tip carrier (2), wherein the grid (14) is spanned by the four outermost receiving holes (6?) of an arrangement of receiving holes; characterized in that the grid (14) is an orthogonal grid with square grid elements (13) adapted perspectively to the at least one digital image (12), wherein:
d) in relation to the at least one digital image (12) of each of the selected pipette tip carriers (2), pixel areas (15) which can be assigned to the grid elements (13) are determined, whereby each of the grid elements (13) of the grid (14) is divided into four quadrants (18);
e) in each of the determined pixel areas (15) of the at least one digital image (12) a respective number of pixels whose brightness lies in a predetermined range is determined; and
f) determining whether the disposable pipette tip (1) is present or absent in one of the receiving holes (6) of the selected pipette tip carriers (2) when the number of pixels determined in step e) lies in the predetermined range relative to a predetermined threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,168,343

PROCESSING SYSTEM, CONTROL METHOD, OPERATION COMMAND GENERATING DEVICE AND COMPUTER PROGRAM

KABUSHIKI KAISHA YASKAWA ...

1. A processing system for processing an experiment of one of biochemistry, biology and biotechnology, comprising:a manual pipette comprising a piston and configured to suction and discharge a liquid when the piston of the manual pipette is moved by an external drive force;
an automatic pipette comprising a piston and a built-in actuator and configured to suction and discharge a liquid when the piston of the automatic pipette is moved by the built-in actuator;
a robot comprising a first robotic arm configured to select and grasp one of the manual pipette and the automatic pipette based on an operation command and a second robotic arm configured to move the piston of the manual pipette grasped by the first robotic arm; and
a robotic arm control device comprising circuitry configured to control the robot such that the first robotic arm selects and grasps one of the manual pipette and the automatic pipette based on the operation command,
the operation command comprising a collection of jobs that controls a plurality of processes for processing at least one of a processing target in an experiment of one of biochemistry, biology and biotechnology and a container containing the processing target in a processing order; and
an operation command generating device comprising circuitry configured to generate the operation command based on a plurality of process symbols which represents the pluality of processes for at least one of the processing target and the container in the processing order,
the circuitry of the robotic arm control device comprises first circuitry configured to control the first robotic arm such that the first robotic arm selects and grasps the manual pipette based on a first operation command in the operation command, and second circuitry configured to control the first robotic arm such that the first robotic arm grasps the automatic pipette based on a second operation command in the operation command,
the circuitry of the operation command generating device is configured to determine which one of the manual pipette and the automatic pipette is to be used based on the process symbols, generate the first operation command when the manual pipette is determined to be used, and generate the second operation command when the automatic pipette is determined to be used,
the circuitry of the operation command generating device is configured to determine which one of the manual pipette and the automatic pipette is to be used, when a process symbol in the process symbols is associated with a specification of a suction and discharge mode, based on the specification of the suction and discharge mode, and
the circuitry of the operation command generating device is configured to determine, when the specification of the suction and discharge mode is a specification of a speed which changes with time, that the manual pipette is to be used, and the first circuitry of the robotic arm control device is configured to generate the first operation command that causes the second robotic arm to move the piston of the manual pipette at the speed that changes with time.

US Pat. No. 10,168,341

DEVICES FOR DETERMINING CELL FORCE PROPERTIES AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING THE DEVICES

Emory University, Atlant...

7. A device for measuring at least one property of a cell, comprising:a plurality of wells, each well including:
an inlet, an outlet, and a channel disposed between the inlet and the outlet; and
a hydrogel layer disposed in the channel, the hydrogel layer including a hydrogel having a top surface on which a pattern of cell interaction regions are directly disposed;
wherein:
each cell interaction region includes a row of at least a first interaction site and a second interaction site spaced from the first interaction site by a distance;
the pattern of cell interaction regions includes a plurality of evenly spaced columns;
the plurality of the evenly spaced columns includes at least a first column of one or more cell interaction regions and a second column of one or more cell interaction regions spaced from the first column by a distance;
the first column and the second column are disposed directly adjacent to each other;
the distance between the first column and the second column is greater than distance between the first interaction site and the second interaction site of each cell interaction region;
each well includes a different biochemical condition and/or hydrogel layer; and
each cell interaction site includes fibrinogen.

US Pat. No. 10,168,336

QUINONE METHIDE ANALOG SIGNAL AMPLIFICATION

Ventana Medical Systems, ...

1. A compound, having a formulaor a salt or solvate thereof, wherein:Z is O, S or NRa, and R1 is selected from the group consisting of phosphate, phosphodiester, amide, nitro, urea, sulfate, methyl, ester, alpha-glucose, beta-glucose, beta-lactam, alpha-galactose, beta-galactose, alpha-lactose, beta-lactose, alpha-glucuronic acid, and beta-glucuronic acid;
or ZR1 is —OP(O)(OH)2, NO2, —NHC(O)R, —OC(O)CH3, —OC(O)CH2CH3, —NHC(O)NH2, —OS(O)2OH, OCH3 or a salt thereof;
R8 is —C(LG)(R5)(R3R4), —R3R4 or —C(LG)(R5)(R6);
R9, R11 and R12 are each independently hydrogen, halo, cyano, aliphatic, alkoxy, NO2, N(Rc)2, aryl, haloalkyl, —C(O)alkyl, —C(S)alkyl, —C(O)OH, —C(O)Oalkyl, —C(O)NHRc, —C(O)N(Rc)2, —R3R4 or two adjacent groups together form an aliphatic ring or aryl ring;
R10 is hydrogen, halo, cyano, aliphatic, alkoxy, NO2, N(Rc)2, aryl, haloalkyl, —C(O)alkyl, —C(S)alkyl, —C(O)OH, —C(O)Oalkyl, —C(O)NHRc, —C(O)N(Rc)2, —R3R4, —C(LG)(R5)(R6) or with one of R9 or R11 form an aliphatic ring or aryl ring;
each LG is independently a halide, alkoxy, carboxylate, inorganic ester, thiolate, amine, carboxylate, azide, sulfate ester, aryloxy, phenoxide or —N(Rb)3+ where each Rb is independently hydrogen or a lower alkyl or two Rb moieties together form a heteroaliphatic ring or ZR1 and LG together form a phosphodiester;
each R3 is independently —(CH2)nNH—, —O(CH2)nNH—, —N(H)C(O)(CH2)nNH—, —C(O)N(H)(CH2)nNH—, —(CH2)nO—, —O(CH2)nO—, —O(CH2CH2O)n—, —N(H)C(O)(CH2)nO—, —C(O)N(H)(CH2)nO—, —C(O)N(H)(CH2CH2O)n—, —(CH2)nS—, —O(CH2)nS—, —N(H)C(O)(CH2)nS—, —C(O)N(H)(CH2)nS—, —(CH2)nNH—, —C(O)N(H)(CH2CH2O)nCH2CH2NH, —C(O)(CH2CH2O)nCH2CH2NH—, —C(O)N(H)(CH2)nNHC(O)CH(CH3)(CH2)nNH— or —N(H)(CH2)nNH—, where each n independently is 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 or 12;
each R4 is independently a chromogen, a fluorophore, a luminophore, or a hapten;
each R5 is independently hydrogen, halo, cyano, lower alkyl, lower haloalkyl, —C(O)alkyl, —C(S)alkyl, —C(O)OH, —C(O)Oalkyl, —C(O)NHRc or —C(O)N(Rc)2;
each R6 is independently hydrogen, halo, cyano, lower alkyl, lower haloalkyl, —C(O)alkyl, —C(S)alkyl, —C(O)OH, —C(O)Oalkyl, —C(O)NHRc or —C(O)N(Rc)2;
Ra is hydrogen or aliphatic;
each Rc independently is hydrogen, aryl, aliphatic or heteroaliphatic, or two Rc moieties together form a heteroaliphatic ring;
at least one of R8 and R10 comprises LG, and at least one of R8 and R10 comprises R3R4; and
if LG is halide, then R5 and R6 are not halide.

US Pat. No. 10,168,335

RAPID AND SENSITIVE METHOD FOR DETECTION OF BIOLOGICAL TARGETS

1. A method of detecting of a biological marker in a biological sample in vitro, comprising the following steps:a) incubating a biological sample presumably comprising a biological marker with one or more probes capable of specifically binding to the biological marker, wherein at least one of said one or more probes comprises at least one moiety of horse radish peroxidase (HRP) and a member of a specific binding pair or a conjugate comprising a member of a specific binding pair, wherein said member of a specific binding pair is capable of specifically binding to the biological marker, thereby forming a complex of the biological marker with the at least one probe;
b) incubating the sample comprising the complex of (a) in a water solution, the water solution comprising 3,3?-diaminobenzidine, a peroxide compound and a conjugate molecule comprising a combination of different detectable labels, wherein the combination comprises a hapten and a substrate of horse radish peroxidase, thereby depositing said conjugate molecule in a site of the sample where said complex is present; and
c) detecting the deposited conjugate molecules of (b) and thereby detecting the biological marker.

US Pat. No. 10,168,324

POC TEST SYSTEM AND METHOD

1. A method of fabricating a test cassette for the detection of at least one analyte from a sample fluid, comprising:a) providing a test cassette structure having a first sample chamber and a second sample chamber separated by a carrier having at least two surfaces comprising a front side and a rear side, wherein the front side of the carrier points towards the first sample chamber and the rear side of the carrier points towards the second sample chamber, and
b) fixing at least one receptor molecule on the front side of the carrier,
c) forming at least one free volume over each of the front side and the rear side of the carrier and delimiting the free volume in each case by a chamber wall,
d) providing the first sample chamber with at least a first opening and a second opening, wherein the sample fluid flows through the first opening along a flow gradient over the front side of the carrier to the second opening distanced from the carrier,
e) providing the second sample chamber with at least a first opening and a second opening, wherein the sample fluid flows through the first opening of the second sample chamber from the first sample chamber along a flow gradient over the rear side of the carrier,
f) interconnecting the second opening of the first sample chamber and the first opening of the second sample chamber by a channel.

US Pat. No. 10,168,320

HEMATOLOGICAL ANALYZER, METHOD FOR ANALYZING BODY FLUID AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT

SYSMEX CORPORATION, Kobe...

1. A hematological analyzer for measuring a measurement sample, comprising:a fluid supplying unit comprising a reaction chamber to be supplied with a fluid sample and at least a stain solution from a reagent container to form the measurement sample;
a measuring unit comprising a detecting unit that detects side scattered light and fluorescent light obtained from a cell in the measurement sample passing through a sheath flow cell;
an operating unit that receives input; and
a controller coupled to at least the measuring unit and the operating unit, the controller programmed to analyze a measurement result output from the measuring unit; wherein
the controller is programmed to:
receive from the operating unit, an input designating a measuring mode from among at least a blood measuring mode and a body fluid measuring mode;
analyze the measurement result according to the designation of the measuring mode; wherein
analyzing the measurement result according to the blood measuring mode comprises analyzing the measurement result to classify white blood cells in the measurement sample into a plurality of subclasses and to obtain a cell count of the plurality of subclasses of the white blood cells in the measurement sample respectively, based on at least the intensity of the side scattered light and the intensity of the fluorescent light in the measurement result, wherein the cell count of the plurality of subclasses of the white blood cells is obtained based on differences of the intensity of side scattered light between the cells and differences of the intensity of the fluorescent light between the cells in the measurement result; and
analyzing the measurement result according to the body fluid measuring mode comprises analyzing the measurement result to classify cells in the measurement sample into mononuclear cells, polymorphonuclear cells, and highly fluorescent nucleated cells of which the intensity of the fluorescent light is greater than that of white blood cells and to obtain a cell count of at least the classified mononuclear cells and the classified polymorphonuclear cells in the measurement sample, based on at least the intensity of the side scattered light and the intensity of the fluorescent light in the measurement result, wherein the cell count of at least the classified mononuclear cells and the classified polymorphonuclear cells in the measurement sample is obtained based on differences between the intensity of side scattered light between the cells and differences of the intensity of the fluorescent light between the cells in the measurement result.

US Pat. No. 10,168,317

MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR TRACKING SINGLE CELLS AND SINGLE CELL LINEAGES

CORNELL UNIVERSITY, Itha...

1. A method for tracking at least one cell or cell lineage migrating through a microfluidic channel having single cell-scaled regions and subnucleus-scaled constriction regions, said method comprising:(a) providing a microfluidic system comprising a microfluidic device, a cell loading reservoir, and an outlet reservoir,
wherein said microfluidic device comprises a substrate having one microfluidic channel formed therein or a plurality of microfluidic channels formed therein and arranged in parallel, wherein each microfluidic channel comprises: (i) an inlet end for receiving at least one cell and an accompanying fluidic medium into the microfluidic channel; (ii) an opposing outlet end for dispensing of the fluidic medium flowing from the microfluidic channel and for extracting the at least one cell or a lineage of cells derived from the at least one cell from the microfluidic channel; and (iii) a channel portion comprising a series of at least two alternating single cell-scaled regions and subnucleus-scaled constriction regions disposed between the inlet end and the outlet end, said subnucleus-scaled constriction regions each having a width of between 2 and 4 micrometers (?m),
wherein said cell loading reservoir is in fluid communication with the inlet end of each microfluidic channel of the microfluidic device,
wherein said outlet reservoir is in fluid communication with the outlet end of each microfluidic channel of the microfluidic device, and
wherein a flow path for a fluidic medium runs from the cell loading reservoir through the microfluidic channel and into the outlet reservoir;
(b) introducing at least one cell or cell lineage into said one microfluidic channel or said plurality of microfluidic channels so that said at least one cell or said lineage of cells migrates into and passes through and past said at least one of the subnucleus-scaled constriction regions in a manner sufficient to cause nucleus deformation of said at least one cell or said lineage of cells due to having to pass through the between 2 and 4 ?m width of the subnucleus-scaled constriction regions so as to induce cell transition dynamics, changes in cell morphology, and/or boundary effects on cell division of the at least one cell or cell lineage; and
(c) viewing the at least one cell or cell lineage as it migrates into and passes through and past at least one of the subnucleus-scaled constriction regions of the microfluidic channel.

US Pat. No. 10,168,316

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MEASURING ENDOGENOUS CO CONCENTRATION IN ALVEOLAR AIR

1. A method for measuring an endogenous CO concentration in alveolar air, comprising following steps:S1. setting an injecting-sample-into-chamber mode for sample gas and base gas of a set of breath test samples in absorption spectroscopy; wherein the sample-injected-into-chamber mode comprises injection times of the sample gas and the base gas, a volume of each injection, an interval between two successive injections;
S2. establishing a “concentration difference/electrical level difference” difference value fitted standard curve for the CO and the CO2 respectively, by using standard sample gas and standard base gas with known concentrations of CO and CO2;
S3. measuring electrical level number corresponding to the concentration of the sample gas and the base gas at a same temperature and pressure by a same apparatus and calculating an electrical level difference and obtaining a concentration difference of the CO and a concentration difference of the CO2 based on the difference value fitted standard curve in S2;
S4. calculating a concentration M in a volume ratio (V/V) of the endogenous CO in the alveolar air according to following compensation formula:

US Pat. No. 10,168,315

SENSOR TECHNOLOGY FOR DIAGNOSING TUBERCULOSIS

1. A method of diagnosing tuberculosis caused by M. tuberculosis bacteria in a subject, the method comprising the steps of:(a) providing a sensor comprising at least one of gold nanoparticles coated with dodecanethiol and single walled carbon nanotubes coated with 2-methyl-2-butene;
(b) exposing the sensor to a test sample comprising volatile organic compounds from exhaled breath or from at least one bodily fluid or secretion of the subject;
(c) measuring an electrical signal upon exposure of the sensor to the test sample using a detection means; and
(d) diagnosing tuberculosis caused by M. tuberculosis bacteria if the electrical signal is greater than a reference electrical signal.

US Pat. No. 10,168,314

LIVE CELL ANALYSIS APPARATUS, METHOD FOR ANALYZING LIVE CELLS, SYSTEM FOR ANALYZING LIVE CELLS AND NON-TRANSITORY DATA STORAGE MEDIUM

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

7. A method for analyzing live cells, the method comprising:applying first electrical stimulations to at least one live cell;
capturing a sequence of images, with a microscope, of the at least one live cell;
determining by at least one data processor:
motion of the at least one live cell based on the sequence of images, wherein the motion is based on the applied first electrical stimulations; and
a refractory period for at least one live cell based on the determined motion.

US Pat. No. 10,168,313

ANALYTE DETECTION METER AND ASSOCIATED METHOD OF USE

AgaMatrix, Inc., Salem, ...

1. A method for obtaining characteristic information encoded on an electrochemical test strip having two electrodes disposed within a sample space, the characteristic information reflecting a characteristic of the test strip at the time of manufacture of the test strip and prior to introduction of a sample, the method comprising the steps of:(a) introducing sample to the sample space so that the sample is in contact with two electrodes within the sample space;
(b) determining double layer capacitance or equivalent capacitance of the test strip when the sample is present within the sample space; and
(c) translating the value determined in step (b) into information reflecting the characteristic information;thereby obtaining the characteristic information encoded on the electrochemical test strip.

US Pat. No. 10,168,312

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SCREENING A SAMPLE BASED ON MULTIPLE REACTION MONITORING MASS SPECTROMETRY

PURDUE RESEARCH FOUNDATIO...

1. A method for screening for Parkinson's disease, the method comprising:ionizing a human body fluid sample of cerebrospinal fluid;
monitoring by mass spectrometry specific transitions connecting one or more ion pairs within the sample in order to generate a multidimensional chemical profile of the sample wherein the multidimensional chemical profile of the sample comprises a sum of an abundance of each of the ion pairs selected from the group consisting of: 134.1?72.4; 177?141.1; 76.2?59.4; and 184?125.2, divided by an abundance of the ion pair 188?171; and
comparing the multidimensional chemical profile of the sample to a database of reference multidimensional chemical profiles, wherein each reference multidimensional chemical profile is produced from a training set of data, thereby screening for Parkinson's disease.

US Pat. No. 10,168,311

PRODUCTS AND PROCESSES FOR ANALYZING OCTANE CONTENT

CFPH, LLC, New York, NY ...

1. A gasoline pump comprising:an octane analyzer to detect a stream of fuel and identify an octane rating of the fuel;
a receptacle having an inlet to allow the fuel to enter the receptacle and an outlet to allow the fuel to exit the receptacle;
a valve mechanism to manage an amount of fuel flowing through the inlet and the outlet of the receptacle such that the amount of fuel in the receptacle enables the octane analyzer to identify the octane rating of the fuel; and
a display device to render a visual representation of the octane rating identified by the octane analyzer.

US Pat. No. 10,168,308

ANALYSIS DEVICE

FRONTIER LABORATORIES LTD...

1. An analysis device comprising:a heating device configured to produce a first gas phase component by heating a sample including organic compounds;
a first carrier gas introduction device connected to an upstream portion of the heating device and configured to introduce into the heating device a first carrier gas consisting of gas that is directly, or via a catalyst, reactive with the first gas phase component;
a connecting conduit connected to a downstream portion of the heating device, and the first carrier gas including a second gas phase component as a reaction product between the first gas phase component and the first carrier gas, is introduced into the connecting conduit;
a capillary tube which is connected to the connecting conduit and which is capable of being used in evolved gas analysis;
an oven configured to house the capillary tube;
a mass spectrometer connected to the capillary tube at outside of the oven; and
a second carrier gas introduction device configured to introduce into the connecting conduit at least one kind of gas selected from helium, hydrogen and nitrogen as a second carrier gas.

US Pat. No. 10,168,306

TIME REFERENCE DERIVATION FROM TIME OF ARRIVAL MEASUREMENTS

ROLLS-ROYCE plc, London ...

1. A method of providing a time reference for a rotor, the rotor comprising N time of arrival features, N being an integer greater than 1; the method comprising steps to:a) provide a plurality of time of arrival probes spaced apart circumferentially outside a periphery of the rotor such that during rotation of the rotor each time of arrival feature passes each time of arrival probe;
b) for each revolution of the rotor, measure a time of arrival of each time of arrival feature at each probe, a first time of arrival measurement measured at a first one of the probes being less than or equal to a first time of arrival measurement measured at any other ones of the probes;
c) select N time of arrival measurements at each probe, wherein the first time of arrival measurement selected at each probe is greater than or equal to a time reference;
d) perform a first best fit derivation to derive a best fit of the measured times of arrival measured at all the probes against angular position; and
e) set the time reference for a next revolution of the rotor equal to the best fit at an end of a current revolution of the rotor,
the time reference for the next revolution of the rotor being obtained from steps b) through e) without using a Once Per Revolution signal.

US Pat. No. 10,168,305

CONTAINER SCREENING SYSTEM AND METHOD

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. An apparatus for detecting a presence of a container comprising a sample and determining a condition of the sample, comprising:a holder for supporting the container comprising the sample;
a radio frequency (RF)transmitter configured to transmit an RF signal at the holder;
an RF receiver configured to receive a reflected RF signal of the RF signal;
and memory comprising data representative of a baseline reflected RF signal;
and a processor coupled to the memory and configured to:
transform the reflected RF signal into a frequency domain as a transformed reflected waveform;
transform the baseline reflected RF signal into the frequency domain as a transformed baseline waveform;
determine a ratio of the transformed reflected waveform to the transformed baseline waveform;
compare the ratio relative to a predetermined threshold to determine whether the container is being supported by the holder;
and evaluate the reflected RF signal relative to the baseline reflected RF signal to determine the condition of the sample wherein the condition is one of a hazardous condition or a non-hazardous condition.

US Pat. No. 10,168,304

RAIL INSPECTION APPARATUS AND METHOD

Sperry Rail Holdings, Inc...

1. A rail inspection apparatus comprising:a carriage having a chassis and front and rear wheels attached to the chassis to support the carriage for movement atop a rail;
a rail height sensor supported on the chassis for establishing a point of contact moveable along the top of the rail, and producing a signal corresponding to a distance from the chassis to the top of the rail;
a horizontal position encoder producing a signal tracking movement of the carriage along the rail; and
a signal processor operatively connected with the rail height sensor and responsive to the horizontal position encoder for converting the rail height sensor signal to a log of rail heights along the rail, and processing the log of rail heights to identify crushed head defects and display the defects at a console and/ or record the defects in a database.

US Pat. No. 10,168,303

VIBRATION POWERED ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING

International Business Ma...

1. An apparatus for monitoring transportation of a package, the apparatus comprising:an environmental monitoring device electrically connected to a vibration-to-electricity converter, wherein the vibration-to-electricity converter is a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) mechanically attached to the environmental monitoring device with a spring having a spring constant (k); and
an additional mass attached to the vibration-to-electricity converter creating an oscillating mass (m).

US Pat. No. 10,168,302

SIGNAL PROCESSING SYSTEM AND METHODS

The University of Manches...

1. A pipe inspection method to identify characteristic acoustic impedance associated with a pipe; the method comprising the steps ofresolving a plurality of measured resultant pressure waveforms, px1(t), px2(t), . . . , pxn(t) and px2(t),associated with the pipe into a number of associated waveforms; the number of associated waveforms being a function of the plurality of measured resultant pressure waveforms measured at respective positions; the plurality of measured resultant pressure waveforms representing measurements by a plurality of acoustic detection devices positioned at the respective positions of a launch body for exciting the pipe using an excitation waveform;
deriving one or both of an impulse response, h(t),of the pipe and a corresponding-transfer function of the pipe from the number of associated waveforms; the one or both of the impulse response and the transfer function bearing the characteristic acoustic impedance associated with the pipe, wherein the step of deriving the one or both of the impulse response and the transfer function comprises evaluating h(t) from h(t)*[px1(t)?px2(t)*hm12(t)]=[px2(t)*hm12?1(t)?px1(t)], where hm12(t) represents the transfer function between a first and second acoustic detection devices of the plurality of acoustic detection devices.

US Pat. No. 10,168,301

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DEFECT-SIZE EVALUATION

SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAF...

1. A method for defect-size evaluation of a defect in a test object, comprising the steps:recording a measurement-data set of a defect in the test object using actual ultrasound echo signals, wherein the measurement-data set includes a defect size of the defect, and wherein the defect size of the defect is smaller than a wavelength of the actual ultrasound echo signals;
performing a Synthetic Aperture Focusing Technique, SAFT, analysis of the recorded measurement-data set;
generating a plurality of possible defects in the test object, wherein each of the possible defects has a defect size;
calculating ultrasound echo signals for the defect sizes of the plurality of possible defects in the test object by simulating echo signals for a test scenario;
performing a SAFT analysis for the calculated ultrasound echo signals for each of the defect sizes of the plurality of possible defects;
evaluating the defect size of the defect by comparing the SAFT analysis of the recorded measurement-data with the SAFT analyses of the calculated ultrasound echo signals, wherein the step of comparing the SAFT analysis of the recorded measurement-data with the SAFT analyses of the calculated ultrasound echo signals comprises arranging an amplitude summation of each SAFT analysis of the calculated ultrasound echo signals in an evaluation matrix and comparing an amplitude summation of the SAFT analysis of the recorded measurement-data with the evaluation matrix.

US Pat. No. 10,168,300

MAGNETIC FLUX SENSOR QUALITY INDICATOR APPARATUS AND METHOD

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A flux leakage detection system, comprising:a ferrous metal flux quality indicator (FQI) having at least one index incorporated between two opposed extents thereof that approximates an anomaly in metallic tissue with the at least one index having a cumulative cross-sectional area to facilitate flux leakage from ferrous metal;
a sensor inspection device for detecting breaks in ferrous reinforcement elements during a tire inspection process, with the sensor inspection device having a permanent magnet to create fields of magnetic flux used in detecting breaks in ferrous reinforcements during the tire inspection process, wherein the sensor inspection device having a sensor array having a plurality of sensors spaced from one another along a path, wherein the sensor inspection device having a curved sensor inspection surface that engages the FQI during data collection, wherein the sensors of the sensor array are located between the permanent magnet and the sensor inspection surface;
wherein movement of the FQI is effected such that, at the start of a test, the at least one index is disposed between one magnetic pole of the magnet and one end of the sensor array of the sensor inspection device; and
once data collection has started, movement of the FQI is effected such that the at least one index is moved relative to the sensor array at a constant speed along a curvilinear path past the sensors of the sensor array one after another until the index is disposed between an opposite end of the sensor array and an opposite magnetic pole of the magnet.

US Pat. No. 10,168,299

REPRODUCIBLE AND MANUFACTURABLE NANOGAPS FOR EMBEDDED TRANSVERSE ELECTRODE PAIRS IN NANOCHANNELS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method for forming a nanogap, comprising:forming a knockoff feature on a dielectric layer;
forming a trench in the dielectric layer on opposite sides of the knockoff feature;
depositing a noble metal in the trenches and over the knockoff feature;
polishing a top surface to remove the noble metal in field regions and the knockoff feature, leaving the noble metal in the trenches level with a top of the dielectric layer to form electrodes embedded in the trenches;
etching a nanochannel in the dielectric layer such that the knockoff feature is positioned within the nanochannel; and
removing the knockoff feature to form a nanogap between the electrodes and the nanogap lies within the nanochannel.

US Pat. No. 10,168,297

DNA-DECORATED GRAPHENE CHEMICAL SENSORS

The Trustees of the Unive...

1. A method, comprising:with a nucleic acid functionalized clean graphene sensor device that comprises (i) an insulator thin-film disposed directly adjacent to a back-gate substrate, (ii) at least one positive electrode disposed directly adjacent to said insulator thin-film, opposite to said back-gate substrate, (iii) at least one negative electrode disposed directly adjacent to said insulator thin-film, opposite to said back-gate substrate, and (iv) the clean graphene being disposed between, and in electrical communication with, said positive and negative electrodes and the clean graphene being single-atom thick graphene,
contacting the nucleic acid functionalized clean graphene sensor device with a medium;
monitoring a conductance of the nucleic acid functionalized clean graphene; and
correlating a change in the conductance to the presence, absence, or concentration of molecules, or any combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,168,296

FIELD-EFFECT TRANSISTOR AND METHOD AND CONTROL UNIT FOR OPERATING A FIELD-EFFECT TRANSISTOR

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

7. A method for operating a field-effect transistor including a control electrode configured as a heating unit, the control electrode having two terminals for feeding a current through the control electrode for heating the control electrode, the method comprising:heating the control electrode by supplying a heating voltage between the two terminals of the control electrode in order to heat the control electrode to a predetermined temperature;
supplying a first voltage between a source electrode and a drain electrode of the field-effect transistor and supplying a second voltage between the source electrode and the control electrode; and
detecting a current between the source electrode and the drain electrode, the detected current representing a measured variable of the field-effect transistor,
wherein a supply resistance of the two terminals of the control electrode is less than a heating resistance of the control electrode between the two terminals.

US Pat. No. 10,168,295

GAS SENSOR, METHOD OF PRODUCING CONDUCTIVE PASTE, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING GAS SENSOR

NGK INSULATORS, LTD., Na...

1. A mixed-potential type hydrocarbon gas sensor that measures a concentration of a hydrocarbon gas of a measurement gas, said sensor comprising:a sensor element mainly composed of an oxygen-ion conductive solid electrolyte;
a sensing electrode for sensing said hydrocarbon gas, provided on a surface of said sensor element; and
a reference electrode formed of a cermet including Pt and an oxygen-ion conductive solid electrolyte, provided in said sensor element, wherein
said gas sensor is configured to determine the concentration of said hydrocarbon gas on the basis of a potential difference between said sensing electrode and said reference electrode,
said sensing electrode is formed of a cermet including a noble metal and an oxygen-ion conductive solid electrolyte,
said noble metal comprises Pt and Au, and
an Au abundance ratio in an entirety of the sensing electrode, which is an area ratio of a portion covered with said Au to a portion at which said Pt is exposed in a surface of noble metal particles forming said sensing electrode, is 0.3 or more and less than or equal to 5.5.

US Pat. No. 10,168,294

CAP INSPECTION AND MANUFACTURE

MMC PACKAGING EQUIPMENT L...

1. A spark test apparatus comprising:a pocket wheel arranged to transport objects, each one of said objects having a cavity defined by a sidewall and bottom wall, in pockets of said pocket wheel; and
a spark test wheel having probe fingers extending at an angle from an axis of rotation of said spark test wheel, said spark test wheel having a frustoconical arrangement and being mounted with respect to said pocket wheel to allow said probe fingers to move into and out of said cavities of said objects held within said pockets as said pocket wheel rotates.

US Pat. No. 10,168,293

FLUIDS LEAKAGE SENSOR

InventionXT LLC, Dallas,...

1. A device comprising:a first conductive wire and a second conductive wire;
a first conductive coating layer formed around the first conductive wire;
a second conductive coating layer formed around the second conductive wire;
a first permeable shell formed around the first conductive coating layer to form a first sensor cord;
a second permeable shell formed around the second conductive coating layer to form a second sensor cord; and
wherein the first sensor cord and the second sensor cord are arranged together along their lengths to form a leakage sensor cable;
wherein the first and second permeable shells are a capillary-porous material capable of absorbing and diffusing a fluid when the fluid comes into contact with the first and second permeable shells;
wherein the first and second permeable shells have a plurality of nappy strands extending outwards from a surface of the permeable shell;
a plurality of taps made of the capillary porous material attached to the leakage sensor cable and extending away from the leakage sensor cable; and
electrolyte particles impregnated within the first permeable shell and the second permeable shell to enhance the conductivity of the fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,168,292

NANOSCALE CALORIMETER ON CHIP AND RELATED METHODS AND DEVICES

CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF T...

1. An article comprising: an array of calorimeter devices, wherein the calorimeter devices each comprise:at least one fluidic enclosure disposed on a microfluidic chip, wherein the fluidic enclosure is substantially gas impermeable and consists essentially of substantially gas impermeable material;
at least one first chamber and at least one second chamber, wherein the first chamber and the second chamber are disposed within and enclosed by the fluidic enclosure, wherein the first chamber and the second chamber are not vacuum encapsulated, wherein each of the first chamber and the second chamber contain have at most a nanoliter scale volume of up to 100 nL, and wherein the first chamber and the second chamber have a chamber height of 50 microns or less;
at least two microfluidic channels connected to the first chamber and at least two microfluidic channels connected to the second chamber;
at least one thermal sensor disposed between the chip and the first and second chambers, wherein the thermal sensor is adapted to measure a temperature differential between the first and second chambers,
wherein the at least one thermal sensor comprises a plurality of thermocouples connected in series, and wherein the thermal sensor provides about 1?K to about 100 ?K temperature resolution;
at least one heater in thermal communication with at least one of the first chamber or the second chamber; and
at least one photodiode connected to the first chamber and at least one photodiode connected to the second chamber, and wherein the photodiode is located off-chip with respect to the microfluidic chip.

US Pat. No. 10,168,291

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR THE THERMOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF A SAMPLE

1. A method for the thermomechanical analysis of a sample (P) of a material comprisinga) arranging the sample (P) in a thermomechanical analysis device and controlling the temperature of the sample (P) by means of the analysis device according to a modulated temperature program,
b) recording data obtained by means of the analysis device which is representative of a length variation (dL) of the sample (P) in the course of the modulated temperature program,
c) evaluating the data in order to determine a reversible component (dLrev) of the length variation (dL) or a reversible component (?rev) of the coefficient of thermal expansion (?) of the sample (P),
d) calculating a corrected reversible component (dLrev-corr; ?rev-corr) of the length variation (dL) or of the coefficient of thermal expansion (?) by means of a correction parameter (k), the correction parameter (k) being calculated as a ratio which is determined from data of a parameter (?total) characterizing a total length variation (dLtotal) and data of a parameter (?rev) characterizing the reversible component (dLrev) of the length variation (dL),
characterized in that the temperature program has a first segment (S1) with a first basic heating rate (?1) and the correction parameter (k) is calculated using data from the first segment (S1) in a temperature-dependent manner from an estimate of a temperature-dependent function of said ratio in a region of the first segment (S1) in which the sample (P) is not subjected to any thermally induced conversion process,
and that the temperature program has a second segment (S2) with a second basic heating rate (?2) and the correction parameter (k) calculated using the data from the first segment (S1) is used to calculate the corrected reversible component (dLrev-corr; ?rev-corr) of the length variation (dL) or the coefficient of thermal expansion (?) in the second segment (S2).

US Pat. No. 10,168,290

X-RAY FLUORESCENCE SPECTROMETER

SHIMADZU CORPORATION, Ky...

1. An X-ray fluorescence spectrometer comprising:a) an X-ray source for irradiating a sample with a primary X-ray;
b) a detector for detecting a fluorescent X-ray that is emitted from the sample when the sample is irradiated with the primary X-ray;
c) an analysis chamber having an introduction port for the primary X-ray emitted from the X-ray source and a detection port for the detector, the analysis chamber completely confining a space including an optical path of the primary X-ray from the introduction port to the sample and an optical path of the fluorescent X-ray from the sample to the detection port;
d) first introduction means for introducing helium gas into the analysis chamber through the introduction port;
e) second introduction means for introducing helium gas into the analysis chamber through the detection port; and
f) flow rate control means for controlling a flow rate of the helium gas that is introduced into the analysis chamber by each of the first introduction means and the second introduction means.

US Pat. No. 10,168,289

METHOD FOR EVALUATING CROSSLINK CONCENTRATION IN CROSSLINKED RUBBER

SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIE...

1. A method for evaluating crosslink concentration in a crosslinked rubber by small-angle X-ray scattering or small-angle neutron scattering using measurement samples prepared by swelling the crosslinked rubber to different degrees of swelling,wherein the swollen crosslinked rubbers are prepared by placing the crosslinked rubber and an arbitrary amount of a solvent together in a hermetically-sealed container to allow the entire crosslinked rubber to be uniformly swollen.

US Pat. No. 10,168,288

SYSTEM FOR RADIOGRAPHY IMAGING AND METHOD OF OPERATING SUCH SYSTEM

General Electric Company,...

1. A radiography imaging system for generating images of a pipe assembly, the pipe assembly including at least one of a pipe, tubing, and a weld, said radiography imaging system comprising:a radiation source for emitting rays, said radiation source comprising a radioactive isotope having an activity level between 1 Curie and 40 Curies, said radiation source positioned adjacent a portion of the pipe assembly; and
a detector positioned opposite said radiation source, the portion of the pipe assembly positioned between said radiation source and said detector such that the rays interact with the portion of the pipe assembly and strike said detector, said detector comprising:
an imaging plate that is activated by illumination with the rays with an exposure between 0.5 Curie-minute and 5 Curie-minutes of radiation, said imaging plate having a thickness between 5 millimeters (mm) and 15 mm; and
an imaging unit for generating images based on information from said imaging plate, said imaging unit having a pixel pitch that is between 25 microns and 100 microns.

US Pat. No. 10,168,287

AUTOMATED DETECTION OF FATIGUE CRACKS AROUND FASTENERS USING MILLIMETER WAVEGUIDE PROBE

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A system for non-destructive inspection of metal around a fastener, comprising:a crawler vehicle comprising a frame, a plurality of wheels rotatably coupled to said frame and a first plurality of motors respectively mechanically coupled to said plurality of wheels;
a multi-stage probe placement head mounted to said frame, said multi-stage probe placement head comprising an X-axis stage, a Y-axis stage and a Z-axis stage, said X-, Y- and Z-axis stages being respectively translatable in X, Y and Z directions;
a second plurality of motors respectively mechanically coupled for driving translation of said X-, Y- and Z-axis stages;
a waveguide probe rotatably coupled to said third stage of said multi-stage probe placement head, said waveguide probe being rotatable about the Z axis;
a motor mechanically coupled for driving rotation of said waveguide probe about the Z axis;
a camera mounted to said frame, said camera being directed toward a volume of space under said multi-stage probe placement head; and
a computer system programmed to perform the following operations:
processing imaging data acquired by the camera;
controlling said motors; and
controlling said waveguide probe to transmit wave signals.

US Pat. No. 10,168,285

PRODUCTION METHOD FOR SEPARATOR SHEET, PRODUCTION METHOD FOR SEPARATOR, SEPARATOR SHEET WOUND BODY, AND SEPARATOR SHEET PRODUCTION DEVICE

SUMITOMO CHEMICAL COMPANY...

1. A separator original sheet producing method, comprising the steps of:winding up, around a core, a separator original sheet having a defect detected;
providing a first defect code, including information on a first position of the defect which first position is a physical position in a longitudinal direction of the separator original sheet, on (i) the core, (ii) a side surface of the separator original sheet wound around the core, (iii) an outer layer of the separator original sheet wound around the core, or (iv) a package of a roll including the core and the separator original sheet wound around the core; and
providing a second defect code, including information on a second position of the defect which second position is a physical position in a width direction of the separator original sheet, at each of opposite widthwise ends of the separator original sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,168,283

OBSERVATION APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SHARPENING FINAL IMAGE

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. An observation apparatus comprising:an image-forming optical system including a plurality of image-forming lenses that form a final image and at least one intermediate image, a first phase modulator that is disposed on an object side of any one of the intermediate images formed by the image-forming lenses and applies a spatial disturbance to a wavefront of light coming from an object, and a second phase modulator that is disposed at a position having at least one intermediate image between the second phase modulator and the first phase modulator and cancels out the spatial disturbance applied to the wavefront of the light coming from the object by the first phase modulator;
a light source that is disposed on the object side of the image-forming optical system and generates illumination light to be incident on the image-forming optical system;
a first scanner and a second scanner that are disposed at a distance from each other in the optical axis direction and scan the illumination light coming from the light source; and
a photodetector that detects light emitted from an observation target disposed at a final image position of the image-forming optical system,
wherein the first phase modulator and the second phase modulator are disposed at positions optically conjugate with the first scanner, which is disposed on the light source side, and have one-dimensional phase-distribution characteristics changing in the direction equal to the direction in which the illumination light is scanned by the first scanner.

US Pat. No. 10,168,282

FAST METHOD FOR BATCH SCREENING DIAMONDS

GUANGZHOU BIAOQI OPTOELEC...

1. A fast method for batch screening diamonds, characterized in that the fast method for batch screening diamonds is implemented using a light source (1), an imager (2), a worktable (4) and a darkroom (3) housing the light source (1), the imager (2) and the worktable (4), and the fast method for batch screening diamonds comprisesa first step comprising placing diamonds (6) on the worktable (4), turning on the light source (1) arranged on one side of the worktable (4) to shed light on the diamonds (6) where the light includes visible light, and photographing the diamonds (6) on the worktable (4) through the imager (2) to obtain a basal image showing the distribution of the diamonds (6);
a second step comprising switching the light source (1) to shortwave UV light with a wavelength ranging from 180 nm to 250 nm, maintaining the light source (1) in work condition for a period of time and then turn it off, and photographing the diamonds (6) on the worktable (4) through the imager (2) to obtain a phosphorescence distribution image showing phosphorescent diamonds; and
a third step comprising overlapping the basal image with the phosphorescence distribution image to obtain a phosphorescence comparison map, marking the phosphorescent diamonds on the phosphorescence comparison map through image recognition technology, and then picking out the phosphorescent diamonds as suspicious diamonds manually or using a device.

US Pat. No. 10,168,280

AUTHENTICATION STRUCTURE AND AUTHENTICATION METHOD USING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An authentication structure comprising:a first input coupler oriented in a first direction and configured to generate first surface plasmons from first light having first light characteristics from among incident light;
a second input coupler oriented in a second direction different from the first direction and configured to generate second surface plasmons from second light having second light characteristics from among the incident light; and
an output coupler spaced apart from the first and second input couplers, the output coupler comprising a plurality of optical scatterers, each of which reacting differently according to characteristics of the first and second surface plasmons due to at least one of locations, sizes, and an arrangement of the plurality of optical scatterers, and configured to output different speckle patterns based on the characteristics of the first and second surface plasmons and the plurality of the optical scatterers.

US Pat. No. 10,168,279

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IMAGE SPECIFIC ILLUMINATION OF IMAGE PRINTED ON OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE

Xerox Corporation, Norwa...

1. A display device component comprising:an optical waveguide having a first surface and a second surface;
a first material formed on a portion of said first surface of said optical waveguide;
a second material formed on a portion of said first material, said second material being a marking material;
a third material formed on a portion of said second surface of said optical waveguide, said third material being a marking material; and
a fourth material formed on said third material;
said first material having light scattering properties;
said fourth material having light scattering properties.

US Pat. No. 10,168,277

REFRACTIVE INDEX MEASURING DEVICE

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPO...

1. A refractive index measuring device, comprising:a photodiode configured to have a substrate made of a semiconductor or a metal, a buried insulating layer formed on the substrate, a semiconductor layer including a p-type semiconductor layer and an n-type semiconductor layer formed to be arranged along a predetermined region on the buried insulating layer, a gate insulating layer formed on the semiconductor layer, and a diffraction grating portion disposed on the gate insulating layer and having groove portions formed two-dimensionally in a planar conductive member;
a light source configured to emit linearly polarized light having a predetermined wavelength;
an optical system configured to include a photoelastic modulator, convert the light such that two states in which the light becomes linearly polarized light beams of two orthogonal directions are alternately repeated at a predetermined frequency, and guide the converted light to the photodiode; and
an amplifier configured to perform lock-in detection on electric signals output from the photodiode when the light is incident on the photodiode through the optical system, wherein the lock-in detection comprises detecting a differential voltage of the electrical signals at two timings, at the predetermined frequency, when the light becomes the linearly polarized light beams of the two orthogonal directions,
wherein the groove portions are arranged at a predetermined first grating pitch in a first direction and are arranged at a predetermined second grating pitch in a second direction crossing the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,168,276

IDENTIFYING TARGETED GASEOUS CHEMICAL COMPOUND

Itron, Inc., Liberty Lak...

1. A system, comprising:a light source that produces light about a first wavelength corresponding to a first dominant absorption band of a targeted gaseous chemical compound and at about a second wavelength corresponding to a second dominant absorption band of the targeted gaseous chemical compound;
a light detector configured to receive the light;
one or more processors; and
non-transitory computer-readable media storing instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the one or more processors to perform operations comprising:
determining a first transmittance corresponding to the first dominant absorption band;
determining a second transmittance corresponding to the second dominant absorption band;
determining a ratio of the first transmittance to the second transmittance;
comparing the ratio to a predetermined ratio corresponding to the targeted gaseous chemical compound; and
verifying that light absorption is caused by the targeted gaseous chemical compound based at least in part on the ratio substantially matching the predetermined ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,168,275

UNTUNED RESONANCE TRACED GAS SENSING

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of detecting a gas or liquid in an environment, comprising:measuring a reference signal at each of a plurality of wavelengths by passing a signal at each wavelength through a reference cell having a gas or liquid to be detected;
measuring a sensing signal at each of the plurality of wavelengths by coupling each wavelength to a ring resonator in the environment;
determining a set of wavelengths that correspond to an absorption curve of the gas or liquid to be detected; and
determining a concentration of the gas or liquid to be detected in the environment by comparing amplitudes of the sensing signals at each of the set of wavelengths that correspond to the absorption curve to reference signals measured at each of the set of wavelengths.

US Pat. No. 10,168,274

POLARIZATION PROPERTIES IMAGING SYSTEMS

Hinds Instrumsnts, Inc., ...

18. An apparatus, comprising:light source;
a detector situated to receive light from the source and produce a detected signal in response to the received light;
at least one polarization modulator situated between light source and detector so as to modulate the intensity of the light directed through the polarization modulator to provide a modulator output waveform representative of that modulation;
a gating mechanism coupled to the detector so as to control based on a trigger signal exposure time periods during which the detector receives the light from the source; and
a controller coupled to the gating mechanism so as to apply the trigger signal, wherein the trigger signal is synthesized from the modulator output waveform and a first selected waveform.

US Pat. No. 10,168,273

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR POLARIZING RETICLE INSPECTION

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A system for controlling and measuring polarization for inspection of a sample, comprising:an illumination optics subsystem for generating and directing illumination light towards a sample, wherein the illumination optics subsystem includes two or more illumination polarization components for controlling the polarization state of the illumination light;
a collection optics subsystem for collecting output light from non-patterned areas of the sample in response to the illumination light, wherein the collection optics subsystem comprises at least a first and second collection polarization component for measuring polarization state of the illumination light at or near the sample and a sensor for detecting the output light after the polarization state is adjusted by the first and second collection polarization components; and
a controller that is configured to perform the following operations:
setting up the system in a specific mode of operation;
incrementing the first collection polarization component through a plurality of rotations while keeping the second collection polarization component static;
measuring an intensity signal by the sensor for each rotation of the first collection polarization component;
incrementing the second collection polarization component through a plurality of rotations while keeping the first collection polarization component static;
measuring an intensity signal by the sensor for each rotation of the second collection polarization component;
generating a model of a plurality of polarization state and polarization component parameters for the system to simulate the intensity signals that were measured for each rotation of the first and/or second collection polarization component; and
determining the polarization state and polarization component parameters for the system based on the model.

US Pat. No. 10,168,272

SAMPLING APPARATUS COMPRISING A REFERENCE MARKER

Gerresheimer Regensburg G...

1. A sampling apparatus made of a material, comprising a body of the material forming a cavity for receiving a liquid sample, and comprising a gauging region able to be arranged in a focus region of a visual measuring device for determining the position of the sampling apparatus, the cavity, or both, and in which at least one reference marker is arranged to be detected by means of the visual measuring device, wherein the reference marker is formed in an inner region of the body that is remote from a surface of the body and is in the form of a generated surface and a top surface of a truncated cone.

US Pat. No. 10,168,270

SAMPLE HOLDER AND ASSOCIATED PERMEATION DEVICE

1. A permeation cell capable of measuring the permeation of a target gas through a sample comprising:an upstream chamber capable of containing the target gas and delimited by a bottom;
a downstream chamber capable of being in fluidic communication with a target gas detection device;
a main channel connecting the downstream chamber to the upstream chamber and emerging into the bottom of the upstream chamber;
a first primary seal in contact with the bottom of the upstream chamber and surrounding the opening;
fixing means for fixing the sample at the bottom of the upstream chamber, the fixing means comprising a sample holder which is removable, so that it can be detached from the cell, the sample holder comprising:
an upper frame provided with a front surface and with a rear surface connected by a through opening;
a lower frame capable of being taken away from the upper frame, provided with a front surface and with a rear surface connected by a through opening;
means for assembling the sample holder settable between an assembled state of the sample holder where the rear surface of the upper frame and the front surface of the lower frame are pressed towards each other with the openings of the upper and lower frames facing each other, to hold the sample in the sample holder opposite said openings, and a disassembled state of the sample holder where the upper and lower frames are capable of being taken away from each other to allow the installing and the retrieval of the sample from the sample holder;
means for assembling the cell, settable between a state where the rear surface of the lower frame of the sample holder is pressed against the first primary seal and a state where the sample holder is free,
wherein the sample holder comprises a first secondary seal showing on the front surface of the lower frame of the sample holder, the first secondary seal surrounding the through opening of the lower frame of the sample holder;
and wherein the lower frame of the removable sample holder comprises:
a second secondary seal showing on the front surface of the lower frame of the sample holder and surrounding the through opening of the lower frame of the sample holder, the second secondary seal being surrounded with the first secondary seal;
the front surface and the rear surface of the lower frame of the sample holder are connected by a second channel emerging between the two secondary seals.

US Pat. No. 10,168,269

AEROSOL REAL TIME MONITOR

WUXI MAITONG SCIENTIFIC I...

1. An aerosol real time monitor comprising:a laser light source assembly, configured to emit a laser beam and generate a line-shaped laser spot at a particle excitation position;
a sealed photoelectric measurement chamber, configured to receive an air flow to be measured and form a closed room to prevent light and particles in an external environment from affecting a detection result; wherein the laser light source assembly is assembled at a laser entrance port located at a rear end of the sealed photoelectric measurement chamber and makes an airtight seal of the laser entrance port; and inside the sealed photoelectric measurement chamber, the air flow to be measured intersects a light axis of a traveling direction of the laser beam emitted by the laser light source assembly at the particle excitation position where the line-shaped laser spot located;
a scattered light signal reflecting mirror and a fluorescence signal reflecting mirror, bilaterally provided at a left side and a right side with a measurement point as a center, wherein the measurement point is formed by an intersection of the laser beam emitted by the laser light source assembly 100 and the air flow to be measured; a reflection surface of each of the scattered light signal reflecting mirror and the fluorescence signal reflecting mirror is located inside the sealed photoelectric measurement chamber; wherein the scattered light signal reflecting mirror and the fluorescence signal reflecting mirror are respectively configured to collect scattered light and fluorescence generated by exposing the particles to be measured in the air flow to be measured to the laser beam, and the scattered light and the fluorescence are respectively reflected to an opposite direction; both the scattered light signal reflecting mirror and the fluorescence signal reflecting mirror are provided with an opening at a center, and the opening is configured to allow the fluorescence and a the scattered light reflected from the opposite direction to pass through;
a scattered light signal detector and a fluorescence signal detector, respectively mounted behind the opening in the center of the scattered light signal reflecting mirror and the fluorescence signal reflecting mirror to detect the scattered light signal and the fluorescence signal passing through the opening of the reflecting mirrors, respectively;
an extinction reflecting mirror, mounted on a laser exit port at a front end of the sealed photoelectric measurement chamber, wherein the extinction reflecting mirror is configured to keep the laser exit port airtight; the extinction reflecting mirror is configured to absorb a part of the laser light and reflect a remaining laser light to a light trap arranged at one side of the extinction reflecting mirror; and
the light trap, arranged at one side of the extinction reflecting mirror to absorb the remaining laser light.

US Pat. No. 10,168,268

SIZE DISTRIBUTION DETERMINATION OF AEROSOLS USING HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGE TECHNOLOGY AND ANALYTICS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. An aerosol distribution determining system, comprising:a set of pairs, each of the pairs including a light emitter mounted to a black object for respectively emitting electromagnetic radiation and absorbing a portion of the electromagnetic radiation;
a hyperspectral imaging camera for capturing hyperspectral images of the electromagnetic radiation in an absence of and in a presence of an aerosol distribution; and
a data processing system for determining at least one of a size, a vertical density distribution, and a shape of particles in the aerosol distribution based on information derived using the hyperspectral images.

US Pat. No. 10,168,267

ROTATIONAL SPEED DETECTION DEVICE, VISCOSITY MEASUREMENT DEVICE USING THE DEVICE, ROTATIONAL SPEED DETECTION METHOD, AND ROTATING OBJECT USED IN THE METHOD

KYOTO ELECTRONICS MANUFAC...

1. A rotational speed detection device comprising:a rotating object;
a light emitting unit of emitting laser light to the rotating object;
a light receiving unit of receiving light reflected by the rotating object after being emitted from the light emitting unit to the rotating object, the light having a speckle pattern;
a received light data obtaining unit of obtaining received light data of the light received by the light receiving unit; and
a rotational speed calculation unit of calculating a rotational speed of the rotating object based on the received light data received by the received light data obtaining unit,whereinthe rotating object is placed in a container of a transparent or translucent material capable of transmitting light, has a spherical shape having a radius of curvature smaller than the radius of curvature of a bottom inner surface of the container, has a rotating surface, and an irregular uneven portion on the rotating surface, the uneven portions having projections and depressions to generate a speckle pattern by interference of light reflected by different points on the uneven portions,
in the uneven portion, a distance between bottom portions of adjacent depressions and a distance between top portions of adjacent projections have a length that is one hundredth or less of a maximum perimeter of the rotating object, and is ten times or more a wavelength of the light emitted by the light emitting unit,
the light emitting unit is positioned so that an optical axis of the laser light is substantially coaxial with a rotation axis of the rotating object, and is configured to emit the laser light to a circular region having a center at the rotation axis,
the light receiving unit includes a single light receiving unit positioned to face a surface of the rotating object which is illuminated with the laser light,
the received light data obtaining unit obtains time-series data of received light data of light reflected by the uneven portion, and received light intensity in the time-series data varies periodically to draw the same waveform each time the rotating object rotates one revolution, and
the rotational speed calculation unit calculates the rotational speed of the rotating object from periodicity of the time-series data.

US Pat. No. 10,168,265

PORTABLE APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR ANALYZING INJECTION FLUIDS

CHEVRON U.S.A. INC., San...

1. A portable apparatus for analyzing an injection fluid, the apparatus comprising a housing encompassing one or more components of the portable apparatus, wherein the components of the portable apparatus comprise:an inlet to receive the injection fluid;
a pre-filter coupled to the inlet;
three analytical modules, wherein the three analytical modules comprise a surrogate core, a capillary viscometer, and a filter;
a pump coupled to the pre-filter to direct the injection fluid from the pre-filter through the three analytical modules;
one or more pressure transducers, wherein the one or more pressure transducers comprise a pressure transducer coupled to the pre-filter to measure a differential pressure of the injection fluid across the pre-filter, a pressure transducer coupled to the surrogate core to measure a differential pressure of the injection fluid across the surrogate core, a pressure transducer coupled to the capillary viscometer to measure a differential pressure of the injection fluid across the capillary viscometer, and a pressure transducer coupled to the filter to measure an absolute pressure of the injection fluid to be filtered through the filter;
a data acquisition system (DAS) that receives data from the one or more pressure transducers and calculates a property of the injection fluid from the data; and
a power supply coupled to the pump, the one or more pressure transducers, and the data acquisition system to provide power.

US Pat. No. 10,168,263

HANDHELD CONSTANT-STIFFNESS RING SHEAR APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR USING SAME

SHENZHEN UNIVERSITY, (CN...

1. A handheld constant-stiffness ring shear apparatus, comprising a base and an annular rigid frame arranged on the base in a sleeved mode, characterized in that an annular upper cover is buckled to the top of the rigid frame, a pressure transmission plate is fixed to the upper portion of the upper cover, a rotary shaft is perpendicularly arranged in the center of the base, the rotary shaft penetrates through the pressure transmission plate and is fixed to the pressure transmission plate, a spanner is fixed to the top end of the rotary shaft, and a digital display instrument is embedded in the spanner; a spring support is fixed to the side wall of the base, spring guide rods are perpendicularly fixed under the spring support, the upper ends of the spring guide rods are sleeved with limiting nuts, the portions, below the limiting nuts, of the spring guide rods are sleeved with springs, and sliding blocks are pressed to the lower ends of the springs and arranged on the pressure transmission plate; a first clamp is connected between the upper ends of the springs and the pressure transmission plate, and a first dial indicator is mounted on the first clamp; a dial indicator support is further fixed to the side wall of the base and connected with the pressure transmission plate through a second clamp, and a second dial indicator is mounted on the second clamp; the overall dimensions of the handheld constant-stiffness ring shear apparatus are 200 mm*120* mm*240 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,168,261

STRUCTURE FOR ACHIEVING DIMENSIONAL STABILITY DURING TEMPERATURE CHANGES

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A sample holding stage for a measurement instrument, the sample holding stage comprising:a sample holder comprising:
a sample platform having an upper surface upon which a sample may be placed and a lower surface disposed below the upper surface; and
a tubular support stem having a stem upper portion that is rigidly affixed to the lower surface of the sample platform and a stem lower portion disposed below the stem upper portion;
a support structure comprising:
a base member that is rigidly affixed to the stem lower portion;
a tubular wall member having a wall lower portion that is rigidly affixed to the base member and a wall upper portion disposed above the wall lower portion; and
a lip member affixed to the tubular wall member, the lip member having a central opening; and
a housing comprising:
a central bore into which are received the base member and the tubular wall member of the support structure; and
an upper ledge at least partially surrounding an upper portion of the central bore,
wherein the lip member of the support structure is rigidly affixed to the upper ledge of the housing,
wherein the tubular support stem of the sample holder is disposed inside the tubular wall member of the support structure,
wherein at least a portion of the sample platform of the sample holder is disposed inside the central opening of the lip member of the support structure,
wherein the sample platform can move axially with respect to the tubular wall member of the support structure due to thermal expansion or contraction,
wherein the base member of the support structure can move axially with respect to the housing due to thermal expansion or contraction, and
wherein the net axial displacement of the upper surface of the sample platform with respect to the upper ledge of the housing due to thermal expansion or contraction is no greater than 10 nanometers per degree change in temperature over a range of 25° C. to 1000° C.

US Pat. No. 10,168,259

MICROFLUIDIC DEVICES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS FOR IMAGING TISSUE SAMPLES

University of Notre Dame,...

1. A microfluidic device for imaging a tissue sample, the device comprising:a tissue chamber defined by a plurality of walls, at least one of the plurality of walls being transparent;
a deformable membrane disposed within the tissue chamber such that a lower surface of the deformable membrane and a surface of the at least one transparent wall define the tissue chamber, the deformable membrane being configured to oscillate, upon application of pressure thereto, to induce a downward liquid flow onto the tissue sample;
at least one pressure line in fluid communication with the tissue chamber, the pressure line being in fluid communication with an upper surface of the deformable membrane to apply pressure to the upper surface of the deformable membrane;
a liquid inlet channel that includes a liquid inlet and is in fluid communication with the tissue chamber; and
a liquid outlet channel that includes a liquid outlet and is in fluid communication with the tissue chamber;
wherein the tissue chamber is sized and dimensioned to completely immobilize the tissue sample during imaging;
wherein the tissue chamber further includes:
a first electrode that is connected to the liquid inlet channel and is spaced apart from the tissue chamber, the first electrode being located adjacent the liquid inlet; and
a second electrode that is connected to the liquid outlet channel and is spaced apart from the tissue chamber and the first electrode, the second electrode being located adjacent the liquid outlet.

US Pat. No. 10,168,257

SAMPLE PROCESSING SYSTEM

BioGenex Laboratories, In...

1. An apparatus comprising:a sample processing system programmed to create a micro-chamber containing a sample on a substrate, the sample processing system further comprising:
a cover dispenser;
a robotic head configured to move relative to the cover dispenser and the substrate; and
an effector coupled to the robotic head, the effector being configured to grip and release micro-chamber covers;
a plurality of temperature control assemblies being programmed to actively heat and to actively cool a plurality of substrates independently of each other concurrently; and
a controller, the controller having a processor being programmed with computer executable instructions to selectively control the robotic head and the effector to remove a micro-chamber cover from the cover dispenser, to move the micro-chamber cover to a specified position, to place the micro-chamber cover on the substrate, and to remove the micro-chamber cover from the substrate,
wherein the micro-chamber comprises a reservoir formed on the substrate, a micro-chamber cover and a vesicle coupled to the micro-chamber cover and containing a substance to be dispensed in the reservoir;
the controller having a processor being programmed with computer executable instructions to control each of the plurality of temperature control assemblies to actively heat and to actively cool the plurality of substrates independently of each other concurrently.

US Pat. No. 10,168,256

SAMPLE PROBE INLET FLOW SYSTEM

SMITHS DETECTION-WATFORD ...

1. A system comprising:a sample detector comprising a sample receiving port configured to obtain a sample from a fluid flow to be analysed by the sample detector,
an extraction port arranged to draw the fluid flow toward the extraction port for sampling by the sample receiving port, wherein the extraction port is arranged relative to the sample receiving port so that the fluid flow towards the extraction port at least partially surrounds the sample receiving port,
an inlet assembly for receiving a sample probe arranged to enable a probe inserted to the inlet assembly to provide a sample into the fluid flow; and
a curtain port, spaced from the extraction port in the inlet assembly to provide a fluid to flow towards the extraction port around the probe.

US Pat. No. 10,168,255

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING AIR EMISSIONS DURING PIG RECEIVER DEPRESSURIZATION

MARKWEST ENERGY PARTNERS,...

1. A method to characterize emissions during pig receiver depressurization, the method comprising:isolating pressurized gas flow between a pipeline and a pig receiver, the pig receiver having a receiver barrel and a pig disposed therein;
controlling a valve to release pressurized gas from the pig receiver as exhaust gas into an exhaust gas line that is in fluid communication with the pig receiver;
ascertaining mass flow rate and exhaust pressure of the exhaust gas, the exhaust gas line having a slip stream in fluid communication therewith;
obtaining a plurality of exhaust gas samples from the slip stream over a range of different exhaust pressures;
measuring sampling time periods for each of the plurality of exhaust gas samples;
measuring elapsed times from when pressurized gas is first released from the pig receiver to when each of the plurality of exhaust gas samples is obtained;
analyzing each of the plurality of exhaust gas samples after supplied to and with one or more gas analyzers to identify a plurality of gas components; and
determining a percentage of each gas component identified in each of the plurality of exhaust gas samples.

US Pat. No. 10,168,254

SYSTEM OF MEASURING EQUIPMENT PERFORMANCE AND DEVICE THEREFOR

Raven Telemetry Inc., Ot...

1. A device for measuring equipment performance comprising:a sensor for collecting data pertaining to functionality of a piece of equipment without interactive communication between the sensor and the piece of equipment, the sensor detecting one or more of motion, temperature, light, air flow, electromagnetic radiation, vibration, mechanical force, acceleration, and sound, the data pertaining to functionality of the piece of equipment comprising time the piece of equipment is performing useful work and time the piece of equipment is idle;
a microprocessor containing an algorithm for receiving the data pertaining to the functionality of the piece of equipment, and converting the data related to functionality of the piece of equipment into equipment utilization metrics; and
a transmitter for transmitting the equipment utilization metrics to an equipment operator;
wherein the equipment utilization metrics are used to monitor and improve equipment utilization to maximize the time that the piece of equipment is performing useful work.

US Pat. No. 10,168,253

MARINE RISER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM INCLUDING SUBSEA ACOUSTIC MONITORING PLATFORM AND AN ASSOCIATED METHOD

General Electric Company,...

1. A marine riser management system comprising:a marine riser comprising a plurality of riser joints coupled one to another;
an on-vessel monitor to receive communications via a topside acoustic transceiver of a condition of at least one of the plurality of riser joints of the marine riser; and
a plurality of subsea sensing and acoustic platforms, wherein each of the plurality of subsea sending and acoustic platforms is mechanically coupled to a respective riser joint of the marine riser, wherein each of the subsea sensing and acoustic platforms monitors and manages at least one of a condition and sensor data of the respective riser joint to which it is coupled, each of the at least one subsea sensing and acoustic platforms comprising:
one or more sensors mechanically coupled to the respective riser joint;
a microprocessor operably coupled to the one or more sensors to receive and analyze sensor data from the one or more sensors;
a memory module operably coupled to the microprocessor and including one or more software modules executable by the microprocessor and configured to provide data storage, the one or more software modules including instructions that when executed by the microprocessor provide data representative of a determination of a condition of the respective riser joint;
an acoustic modem operably coupled to the microprocessor to receive the data representative of a determination of a condition of the respective riser joint and communicate the condition of the respective riser joint to the on-vessel monitor via the topside acoustic transceiver in real-time; and
a power module configured to provide power to the one or more sensors, the microprocessor, the memory module and the acoustic modem,
the on-vessel monitor operable to determine a physical responsive action based on the communicated condition of the respective riser joint and communicate in real-time to the acoustic modem, via the topside acoustic transceiver, the determined physical responsive action via one or more remote command configurations and operational parameters, wherein the determined physical responsive action includes at least one of (i) adjusting the tension of the marine riser; (ii) replacing the marine riser; or (iii) lengthening an inspection interval for one or more of the plurality of riser joints.

US Pat. No. 10,168,252

METHODS AND APPARATUS TO FACILITATE TIRE FORCE ESTIMATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:sensors to generate vehicle dynamics information (VDI);
a processor and memory in communication with the sensors and configured to:
estimate relative pitch and roll angles using the VDI;
estimate a normal tire force using the relative pitch and roll angles;
estimate a tire rolling resistance using the normal tire force; and
estimate longitudinal and lateral tire forces using the rolling resistance;
generate a warning when one or more of the tire forces exceeds a vehicle dynamics threshold; and
a display in communication with the processor and configured to display the warning.

US Pat. No. 10,168,251

UNIVERSAL BUCK FOR SLED TEST

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A universal buck for a sled test, comprising:a support plate;
a plurality of pillars mounted on the support plate;
a roof mounted on at least some of the plurality of pillars; and
a wind shield mounted between pillars disposed on a front side among the plurality of pillars and a front end of the roof,
wherein the plurality of pillars, the roof, and the wind shield are mounted to be adjustable in position on the support plate, and
wherein the support plate includes a plurality of support units disposed to be symmetrical on both left and right sides thereof, the plurality of support units are configured to slidably support the plurality of pillars, respectively, and the plurality of pillars are mounted to be adjustable in position on the plurality of support units, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,168,250

ABNORMALITY DIAGNOSIS DEVICE AND ABNORMALITY DIAGNOSIS METHOD FOR INTAKE SYSTEM OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An abnormality diagnosis device applied to an internal combustion engine having an intake system equipped with a supercharger that pumps air to diagnose leakage abnormality in the intake system downstream from the supercharger, the internal combustion engine including an air flowmeter provided upstream from the supercharger in the intake system, a throttle valve provided downstream from the supercharger in the intake system, and an intake pressure sensor provided downstream from the throttle valve in the intake system,the abnormality diagnosis device comprising:
a first air amount calculation unit configured to calculate a first air amount that is an intake air amount obtained from a detection value of the air flowmeter;
a second air amount calculation unit configured to calculate a second air amount that is an intake air amount obtained from a detection value of the intake pressure sensor;
a ratio calculation unit configured to calculate a ratio of the first air amount to the second air amount;
a supercharging region determination unit configured to determine whether or not the internal combustion engine is driven in a supercharging region;
a first setting unit configured to set, as a supercharging region monitoring value, the ratio obtained when the supercharging region determination unit determines that the internal combustion engine is driven in the supercharging region;
a second setting unit configured to set, as a non-supercharging region monitoring value, the ratio obtained when the supercharging region determination unit determines that the internal combustion engine is driven in a non-supercharging region; and
an abnormality determination unit configured to determine presence or absence of the leakage abnormality based on a deviation degree between the supercharging region monitoring value and the non-supercharging region monitoring value.

US Pat. No. 10,168,249

MAGNETIC TRANSMISSION PARK POSITION SENSOR

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A transmission range selection sensor comprising:a housing defining a bore extending along a central axis;
a magnet carrier slideably disposed within the bore;
a magnet attached to and moveable with the magnet carrier, with the magnet generating a magnetic field defining a magnetic flux;
a first magnetic sensor attached to the housing and positioned at a first axial position along the central axis;
a second magnetic sensor attached to the housing and positioned at a second axial position along the central axis, with the second axial position spaced from the first axial position along the central axis;
wherein a position of the magnet carrier along the central axis is determinable from a sensed magnetic flux from the first magnet sensor and a sensed magnetic flux from the second magnetic sensor; and
at least one magnetic flux concentrator attached to one of the magnet carrier or the housing and operable to concentrate the magnetic flux toward at least one of the first magnetic sensor or the second magnetic sensor depending upon a position of the magnet along the central axis.

US Pat. No. 10,168,248

VIBRATION MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS

Tensor Systems Pty Ltd, ...

1. A method of measuring and analyzing vibrations of a mechanical system having a reference shaft and a plurality of rotating components, including the steps of:tabulating in a specification table, gear ratios of the plurality of rotating components relative to the reference shaft in integer form;
establishing a measurement specification and communicating the measurement specification to a digitizer, the measurement specification including a sample rate at which vibration data is to be recorded and operating conditions of the mechanical system that are to be met before vibration data pertaining to the mechanical system is recorded;
recording data from the mechanical system during operation, the data comprising rotational speed of the reference shaft received from a first sensor operatively coupled to the reference shaft and vibration data received from one or more vibration sensors operatively coupled to one or more of the reference shaft and the plurality of rotating components; and
resampling the recorded vibration data using the gear ratios defined in a specification table to obtain vibration data corresponding to the plurality of rotating components or each of the plurality of rotating components,
wherein from the step of resampling there is obtained for analysis a vibration signature for a component of interest at predetermined angular increments,
wherein the step of resampling includes resampling sampled time-domain signal data to generate resampled signals with a fixed number of data points per revolution of a shaft to be analyzed, and
wherein the resampling is performed by:
applying a cubic Hermite spline function to a position map of the reference shaft to produce a series of resample time instants within an interval of one revolution of a shaft to be analyzed, from a set of values obtained from measured signal values obtained over a plurality of revolutions of the shaft to be analyzed; and
interpolating a resampled signal value at each of the resample time instants.

US Pat. No. 10,168,247

METHOD, APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR MINIMALLY INTRUSIVE FIBER IDENTIFICATION

1. An apparatus for detecting a presence of a time-varying modulation in an optical fiber, the apparatus comprising:a first modulating device that facilitates imparting a time-varying signal onto an existing optical signal to generate a propagating optical signal in the optical fiber;
a first adjustable fiber bending device that facilitates bending the optical fiber such that a portion of the propagating optical signal is scattered out of the optical fiber;
a first detector for receiving the portion of the propagating optical signal that is scattered for detecting the presence of the time-varying modulation; and
a lightguide that facilitates guiding the portion of the propagating optical signal that is scattered out of the optical fiber to the first detector.

US Pat. No. 10,168,246

METHODS OF SELECTING OPTICAL FIBERS THAT MEET BANDWIDTH REQUIREMENTS AT DIFFERENT WAVELENGTHS

Corning Incorporated, Co...

1. A method of determining from a set of like optical fibers which of the optical fibers meet a short-wavelength bandwidth requirement BWRS at a short-wavelength ?S and a target-wavelength bandwidth requirement BWRT at a target wavelength ?T>?S, the method comprising:a) obtaining a short-wavelength bandwidth BWS from differential mode delay (DMD) measurement data at the short wavelength ?S;
b) determining a peak wavelength ?P for each optical fiber;
c) calculating a target-wavelength bandwidth BWT at the target wavelength ?T using the determined peak wavelength; and
d) determining which fibers from the set of fibers satisfy the conditions BWRS

US Pat. No. 10,168,245

OPTICALLY-BASED INTERSTORY DRIFT METER SYSTEM FOR RAPID ASSESSMENT OF THE EARTHQUAKE RESPONSE OF BUILDING STRUCTURES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus for measuring interstory drift of a building wherein the building has a reference floor and an adjacent floor immediately adjacent the reference floor, comprising:a laser beam source operatively connected to the reference floor,
a laser beam produced by said laser beam source, said laser beam being a diffracted laser beam having a fan shape directed toward the adjacent floor,
a sensor array operatively connected to the adjacent floor, said sensor array including:
a plurality of parallel rows of sensors, with adjacent rows having sensors offset laterally from one another such that no two immediately adjacent said rows are laterally aligned, and wherein the fan shaped laser beam has a width sufficient to simultaneously span across all the rows of the sensor array; and
the sensor array being positioned to receive said laser beam for measuring interstory drift of the building.

US Pat. No. 10,168,244

GASEOUS FUEL MONITORING FOR WELLSITE PUMPS

HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVIC...

1. A gaseous fuel monitoring system for use with a subterranean well, the system comprising:a gaseous fuel supply enclosure comprising a connector;
an optical line extending along the gaseous fuel supply enclosure across the connector and secured by at least one clamp,
wherein the clamp comprises a highly thermally conductive material having a conductivity of at least 850 Watts per meters Kelvin (W/m*K) contacting both the connector and the optical line; and
an optical interrogator in communication with the optical line to monitor the gaseous fuel supply enclosure by detecting a change in temperature of the clamp.

US Pat. No. 10,168,243

LEAKAGE DETECTOR, LEAKAGE DETECTION METHOD, AND PIPE NETWORK MONITORING APPARATUS

SEKISUI CHEMICAL CO., LTD...

1. A leakage detector for detecting vibration-sounds caused by fluid leakage from a pipeline, comprising a base, a piezoelectric element supported by the base and configured to convert vibration-sounds to an electric signal, and a weight member loaded against the piezoelectric element,wherein the piezoelectric element is made of a polymeric piezoelectric material,
wherein the leakage detector is configured to allow a distance between a support point of the piezoelectric element, supported by a support device, and a load point of the piezoelectric element, loaded by the weight member, to be variably changed in a mechanical manner by a slider to thereby allow the resonant frequency of a system comprising the piezoelectric element and the weight member to be variably changed, and
wherein a resonance frequency of the system comprising the piezoelectric element and the weight member is set in a range of 10 Hz to 1000 Hz.

US Pat. No. 10,168,242

GLOW-PLUG ADAPTOR FOR PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS

Kistler Holding AG, Wint...

1. A pressure measurement apparatus for measuring pressure within the interior of a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine, the apparatus comprising:a chamber wall defining the combustion chamber, the chamber wall further defining a hollow glow-plug socket that is open at both opposite ends thereof and communicating with the interior of the combustion chamber via a chamber opening at one of the open opposite ends of the glow-plug socket; and
a glow-plug adaptor disposed in a pressure-tight manner in the glow plug socket, the glow plug adaptor including:
an adaptor head elongating along a longitudinal axis and defining a proximal combustion chamber end and a distal combustion chamber end disposed opposite the proximal combustion chamber end of the adaptor head, the adaptor head defining an external surface with a sealing shoulder disposed between the proximal combustion chamber end and the distal combustion chamber end and configured for forming a pressure-tight seal upon contacting an opposing surface of the socket, the proximal combustion chamber end defining a tapered external surface and an internal surface that defines part of a cavity;
a pressure sensor including a diaphragm and signal conductors, the pressure sensor being mounted in the adaptor head with the diaphragm defining one opposite end of the cavity;
a hollow adaptor sleeve elongating along the longitudinal axis and attached to the distal combustion chamber end of the adaptor head and receiving the signal conductors passing through the adaptor sleeve, which defines an external surface that is configured for being screwed into the glow-plug socket so as to dispose the sealing shoulder of the adaptor head in a pressure-tight engagement with the socket while disposing the signal conductors extending from one of the opposite ends of the socket;
wherein opposite the diaphragm the cavity is defined by a closed end wall that defines a flat external surface that is perpendicular to the longitudinal axis and has a diameter that is less than the diameter of the external surface of the adaptor head, the adaptor head further defining a side wall connected to the end wall and extending toward the diaphragm, wherein the side wall defines a tapered region through which are formed a plurality of gas exchange channels that extend into the cavity; and
wherein the front height of the cavity extending along the longitudinal axis from the diaphragm as far as the external surface of the end wall is less than the diameter of the adaptor head in the area of the cavity; and
wherein the glow plug adaptor is arranged recessed in the glow-plug socket from the chamber opening at a recess distance in such a way that the adaptor head rests entirely within the glow-plug socket and the recess distance, which is measured along the longitudinal axis between a central point on the external surface of the end wall and the center of the chamber opening, is greater than zero; and
wherein the glow-plug socket is defined by an inner wall and a portion of the exterior of the adaptor head located between the side wall of the adaptor head and the sealing shoulder of the adaptor head is disposed alongside and spaced apart from the inner wall by a gap, wherein the size of the gap is no more than 0.05 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,168,241

DRYING MODULE FOR A RELATIVE PRESSURE MEASURING TRANSDUCER

1. A drying module for a measuring transducer for metrological registering of a pressure to be measured as a relative pressure relative to a reference pressure existing in the environment of the measuring transducer, comprising:a module housing, which has an inner space, in which a drying means, especially a moisture adsorbing material, is located;
a first reference pressure supply extending through said module housing, having a first end contactable with the reference pressure via a first opening of said module housing, and having a second end connectable to a second reference pressure supply extending in the measuring transducer via a first connection element of the drying module connectable with a second connection element of the measuring transducer, and an inner space in the module housing in humidity permeable connection with said inner space containing said drying means, wherein:
the second reference pressure supply extending in the measuring transducer leads from a relative pressure sensor to a second opening in a housing wall of a housing of the measuring transducer; and
the second connection element has an inner space connected via the second opening with said second reference pressure supply extending in the measuring transducer.

US Pat. No. 10,168,240

PRESSURE EQUALIZING ELEMENT

1. A measuring transducer for metrological registering of a pressure to be measured as relative pressure referenced to a reference pressure reigning in the environment of the measuring transducer, comprising:a housing;
a relative pressure sensor arranged in said housing;
a pressure supply, via which the pressure to be measured is fed to said relative pressure sensor;
a reference pressure supply, via which the reference pressure is fed to said relative pressure sensor;
an entrance of and to said reference pressure supply communicates with an opening in an outer wall of said housing, on whose exterior the reference pressure acts;
a pressure equalizing element is applied in said entrance of said reference pressure supply; wherein:
said pressure equalizing element has a securement element, a filter element and a protective cap;
said securement element has an axial bore and serves to secure said pressure equalizing element in said opening of said wall;
said filter element is arranged on said securement element in such a manner that an inner surface of said filter element covers at least said axial bore;
said protective cap protecting said filter element against environmental influences has at least one perimetral window, which is so arranged that the region of said at least one window toward said filter element is located essentially at the plane of the outer surface of said filter element;
said securement element of said pressure equalizing element has a battlement-shaped structure, which is arranged around said filter element on the side of said filter element facing away from said relative pressure sensor; and
said protective cap is so affixed to said securement element that said at least one window of said protective cap lies opposite a merlon of said battlement-shaped structure.

US Pat. No. 10,168,239

GAS SENSING DEVICES, SYSTEMS, AND ASSOCIATED METHODS

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A gas sensing device, comprising:an enclosure having an internal chamber operable to receive and contain at least one test gas;
a photonic heat source positioned to deliver wavelength or frequency modulated photonic energy into the internal chamber to create gas pressure modulations within the internal chamber by selectively stimulating an analyte in the test gas;
a pressure sensor monolithically fabricated on a substrate, the pressure sensor functionally coupled to the internal chamber and operable to detect the gas pressure modulations within the internal chamber;
at least one pump monolithically fabricated on the substrate, the at least one pump functionally coupled to the enclosure and operable to deliver the at least one test gas into the internal chamber;
an inlet channel monolithically fabricated on the substrate;
a deflection membrane monolithically fabricated on the substrate; and
the at least one pump including a displacement structure monolithically fabricated on the substrate to unidirectionally draw the at least one gas past the deflection membrane through the inlet channel and into the internal chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,168,238

ASSESSMENT OF SHEAR FORCES DISTRIBUTION AT FIXATION POINTS OF TEXTILE BASED IMPLANTS

Sofradim Production, Tre...

1. A method of measuring shear forces distribution at fixation points of a textile-based implant, the method comprising:securing a textile-based implant to a fixation support of a tissue model to create at least two fixation points defined along a plane of an upper surface of the tissue model;
placing at least one marker on the fixation support at one or more of the at least two fixation points;
subjecting the textile-based implant to a load; and
measuring the displacement of the at least one marker and calculating a shear force vector at each of the one or more of the at least two fixation points where the at least one marker is disposed in response to the load.

US Pat. No. 10,168,237

TORQUE DETECTOR

SUBARU CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A torque detector comprising:a torque cam disposed on a rotating shaft and movable in an axial direction of the rotating shaft in accordance with torque input to the rotating shaft;
a pulse gear comprising at least one tooth formed on an outer circumferential surface of the torque cam;
a rotation pulse detection member disposed so as to oppose the pulse gear, the rotation pulse detection member being configured to detect the at least one tooth of the pulse gear in rotation and configured to output a pulse train; and
a torque acquisition member configured to acquire the torque from the pulse train output by the rotation pulse detection member,
wherein the at least one tooth extends in the axial direction and is formed such that a tooth thickness becomes continuously larger or smaller from a first side to a second side in the axial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,168,235

STRETCHABLE PIEZOELECTRIC SENSOR APPLIED TO LOGISTICS FOR REAL-TIME MONITORING

Southern Taiwan Universit...

1. A stretchable piezoelectric sensor applied to logistics for real-time monitoring comprising a stretchable flexible substrate and a conductive layer formed on the flexible substrate, and the stretchable piezoelectric sensor is in the form of a ring, a plurality of sensing members corresponding to a number of end faces of a packaging box adhered to the conductive layer, when two ends of the piezoelectric sensor are stretched and fitted on diagonal corners of the packaging box, the sensing members are located on the respective end faces of the packaging box.

US Pat. No. 10,168,234

INTELLIGENT TEST DEVICE FOR FLOOR PANELS

ZHUHAI SEPSTAR ELECTRONIC...

1. An intelligent test device for a substrate, comprising: a main case (1), a detection turntable (2), a feeding mechanism (3), a contact detection mechanism for testing the OFF-pressure of contacts from spring pieces, a discharging mechanism (5) and an electric control box (6), the detection turntable (2), the feeding mechanism (3), the contact detection mechanism and the discharging mechanism (5) being all ON-connected to the electric control box (6); wherein,the detection turntable (2) is arranged on a workbench (11) within the main case (1) in a rotatable manner, with a driving motor (21) provided on the bottom thereof and a number of grippers (22) provided on the disk thereof; and the driving motor (21) is connected to a rotating shaft of the detection turntable (2) by means of driving, and ON-connected to the electric control box (6);
the feeding mechanism (3) comprises a feeding conveyor belt (31) and a loading manipulator (32) for carrying the substrate to be tested at a discharging end of the feeding conveyor belt (31) to a loading station gripper (22) of the detection turntable (2); the feeding conveyor belt (31) is arranged outside the main case (1), and the discharging end thereof extends into the main case (1); and the loading manipulator (32) is arranged on the workbench (11) within the main case (1), and located on an outer side of a loading station of the detection turntable (2);
the contact detection mechanism is arranged on the workbench (11) within the main case (1), and located on the outer side of a detection station of the detection turntable (2); and
the discharging mechanism (5) comprises a discharging conveyor belt (51) and an unloading manipulator (52) for carrying the tested substrate on an unloading station gripper (22) of the detection turntable (2) to a feeding end of the discharging conveyor belt (31); the discharging conveyor belt (51) is arranged outside the main case (1), and the feeding end thereof extends into the main case (1); and the unloading manipulator (52) is arranged on the workbench (11) within the main case (1), and located on an outer side of an unloading station of the detection turntable (2);
wherein the contact detection mechanism comprises a longitudinal detection mechanism (41) and/or a transverse detection mechanism (42);
the longitudinal detection mechanism (41) mainly consists of a first base frame (411), a first test assembly (412) and a first product positioning assembly (413), wherein the first base frame (411) is mounted on the workbench (11) within the main case (1); the first test assembly (412) comprises a first ball screw (414), a first pressure sensor (415) and a first pressure thimble (416), the first ball screw (414) is mounted on the first base frame (411) perpendicularly to the detection turntable (2), a first sensor holder (418) extending to be above a longitudinal detection station of the detection turntable (2) is provided on a driving slider (417) thereof, and the first pressure sensor (415) is mounted on the first sensor holder (418); the first pressure thimble (416) is vertically downward arranged on the first pressure sensor (415) and located right above the longitudinal detection station, and moves up and down under the drive of the first ball screw (414); the first product positioning assembly (413) comprises a first driving cylinder (419) and a first product holding jaw (410), the first driving cylinder (419) is mounted on the first base frame (411) perpendicularly to the detection turntable (2), the first product holding jaw (410) is mounted on the first base frame (411) in such a way of being capable of moving up and down and is connected to the driving shaft of the first driving cylinder (419), and a first test probe (4101) for powering the substrate to be tested fixed by the first base frame (411) is provided on the first base frame (411); during the test, the first pressure thimble (416) passes through the first product holding jaw (410) and then acts on the substrate to be tested fixed within the first product holding jaw (410), so that the longitudinally ON-connected contacts of the substrate to be tested are separated and powered off;
the transverse detection mechanism (42) mainly consists of a second base frame (421), a second test assembly (422) and a second product positioning assembly (423), wherein the second base frame (421) is mounted on the workbench (11) within the main case (1); the second test assembly (422) comprises a second ball screw (424), a second pressure sensor (425) and a second pressure thimble (426), the second ball screw (424) is horizontally mounted on the second base frame (421) and extends to be above the transverse detection station of the detection turntable (2), a second sensor holder (428) is provided on a driving slider (427) thereof, and the second pressure sensor (425) is mounted on the second sensor holder (428); the second pressure thimble (426) is horizontally mounted on the second pressure sensor (425) and located right above the transverse detection station, and moves forth and back under the drive of the second ball screw (424); the second product positioning assembly (423) is located in front of the second detection assembly (422) and comprises a second driving cylinder (429) and a second product holding jaw (420), the second driving cylinder (429) is mounted on the second base frame (421) perpendicularly to the detection turntable (2), the second product holding jaw (420) is mounted on the second base frame (421) in such a way of being capable of moving up and down, and is connected to the driving shaft of the second driving cylinder (429), and a second test probe (4201) for powering the substrate to be tested fixed by the second base frame (421) is provided on the second base frame (421); during the test, the second pressure thimble (426) extends into the second product holding jaw (420) under the drive of the second ball screw (424) and then acts on the substrate to be tested fixed within the second product holding jaw (420), so that the transversely ON-connected contacts of the substrate to be tested are separated and powered off; and
the first ball screw (414), the first pressure sensor (415), the first driving cylinder (419), the first product holding jaw (410), the first test probe (4101), the second ball screw (424), the second pressure sensor (425), the second driving cylinder (429), the second product holding jaw (420) and the second test probe (4201) are all ON-connected to the electric control box (6).

US Pat. No. 10,168,233

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE INCLUDING SENSOR

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a sensor including a plurality of sense nodes;
a plurality of first latch circuits including a plurality of first input nodes and a plurality of first output nodes, respectively, the plurality of first input nodes coupled to the plurality of sense nodes, respectively;
a plurality of second latch circuits including a plurality of second input nodes and a plurality of second output nodes, respectively, the plurality of second input nodes coupled to the plurality of first output nodes, respectively; and
a selector including a plurality of third input nodes coupled respectively to the plurality of first output nodes, a plurality of fourth input nodes coupled respectively to the plurality of second output nodes and a plurality of third output nodes.

US Pat. No. 10,168,232

NON-CONTACT TEMPERATURE SENSOR

MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORP...

1. A non-contact temperature sensor comprising:an insulating film;
a thin film thermistor portion made of a thermistor material that is patterned on a front-surface of the insulating film;
a pair of comb shaped electrodes that is patterned so as to be opposed to each other and to have a plurality of comb portions at least either on the upper or lower surface of the thin film thermistor portion;
a pair of pad electrodes that is patterned on a base-end side of the front-surface of the insulating film;
a pair of pattern wiring portions that is patterned on the front-surface of the insulating film with one end thereof being connected to the pair of comb shaped electrodes and the other end thereof being connected to the pair of pad electrodes; and
a pair of lead frames of which a base-end side is adhered to the pair of pad electrodes on the front-surface of the insulating film,
wherein the thin film thermistor portion is formed in a thermistor forming region arranged on a front-end side of the insulating film,
the pad electrodes are formed in an electrode forming region arranged on a base-end side of the insulating film,
the pair of lead frames extends along a direction from the base-end side of the insulating film to the front-end side of the insulating film, and a front-end side of the pair of lead frames extends beyond a front-end of the thermistor forming region in a non-contact manner, and
the thermistor forming region protrudes to a region between the pair of lead frames without contacting with the pair of lead frames.

US Pat. No. 10,168,231

GALVANICALLY ISOLATED MONITORING CIRCUIT

TECHNELEC LTD, Oakham (G...

1. A system for monitoring a resistance of a component, the system comprising:a measurement circuit comprising a primary inductor, a voltage pulse generator for applying voltage pulses across the primary inductor, a first capacitor and a first resistance connected across the first capacitor;
a galvanically isolated circuit including a secondary inductor, a second capacitor coupled to the secondary inductor, and the component connected across the second capacitor; and
a measuring device for measuring a voltage across the first capacitor,
wherein the primary and secondary inductors are inductively coupled by a magnetic core to form a flyback transformer; and
wherein the galvanically isolated circuit is configured to prevent a current induced in the secondary inductor by the primary inductor during the voltage pulses from flowing in a first direction through the galvanically isolated circuit, so that energy from the voltage pulses is stored in the magnetic core, and
configured to permit current to flow in a second direction through the galvanically isolated circuit between pulses, so that the energy stored in the magnetic core is released into the first and second capacitors, whereby after a plurality of the voltage pulses the system is in a substantially stable state, in which a substantially stable voltage VC1 across the first capacitor is proportional to a substantially stable voltage VC2 across the second capacitor, and VC1 is representative of the resistance of the component.

US Pat. No. 10,168,230

TEMPERATURE DETECTION DEVICE, ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC TYPE IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND TEMPERATURE DETECTION METHOD

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A temperature detection device comprising:a thermocouple having a hot junction and a cold junction and configured to output a first signal value corresponding to a thermoelectromotive force generated between the hot junction and the cold junction; and
a detection portion configured to detect a temperature of the cold junction and output a second signal value corresponding to the detected temperature, the temperature detection device detecting a temperature of a fixing member used for fixing a toner image, by using a high-degree expression of the second degree or higher for temperature calculation that includes variables for which the first signal value and the second signal value are to be substituted, wherein
any one or more of the first signal value, the second signal value, and a constant included in the high-degree expression include a decimal place, and
the temperature detection device further comprises:
a conversion processing portion configured to multiply each of the first signal value, the second signal value, and the constant by a perfect power of 2 and convert each result of the multiplication to an integer that is approximate to the result of the multiplication; and
a calculation processing portion configured to calculate the temperature of the fixing member by substituting the first signal value and the second signal value after the conversion by the conversion processing portion into a first transformation expression in which the constant in the high-degree expression is replaced by the constant after the conversion by the conversion processing portion, and multiplying or dividing each term included in the first transformation expression by a perfect power of 2.

US Pat. No. 10,168,229

EMI/RF SHIELDING OF THERMOCOUPLES

Applied Materials, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus for processing a substrate, comprising:a substrate support;
a temperature sensor, wherein the temperature sensor is disposed in the substrate support;
a first coating disposed over the temperature sensor, the first coating comprising a first material;
a second coating disposed over the first coating, the second coating comprising a second material different than the first material, wherein the second coating comprises silver, wherein the silver comprises silver nanoparticles; and
a third coating disposed over the second coating, the third coating comprising a third material different than both the first material and the second material.

US Pat. No. 10,168,228

THERMOCOUPLE APPARATUS AND METHOD

Cambridge Enterprise Limi...

1. A thermocouple, comprising:a metal alloy outer sheath;
a first thermoelement,
wherein the first thermoelement extends within the metal alloy outer sheath;
a second thermoelement,
wherein the second thermoelement extends within the metal alloy outer sheath; and
a nickel-based inner sheath containing less than 10 wt % chromium,
wherein the nickel-based inner sheath contains greater than 90 wt % nickel, and
wherein the nickel-based inner sheath is positioned between the first thermoelement and the metal alloy outer sheath.

US Pat. No. 10,168,227

SYSTEM AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING AMBIENT TEMPERATURES FOR A FLUID ANALYTE SYSTEM

ASCENSIA DIABETES CARE HO...

1. A portable meter configured to rapidly determine ambient temperature, the portable meter comprising:a housing defining an interior space and an area for receiving a fluid sample;
a first processing unit and a first temperature sensor disposed within said interior space of said housing; and
a second temperature sensor disposed on said housing; and
said first processing unit or another processing unit being configured to:
determine a first temperature value from temperature data received from said first temperature sensor,
apply a variable current to a temperature-adjustment source such that said second temperature sensor is adjusted to a predetermined steady-state temperature value different from said first temperature value, and
determine an ambient temperature of an exterior space of said housing based on said applied variable current, said pre-determined steady-state temperature value, and said received first temperature value.

US Pat. No. 10,168,225

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING EXTRASOLAR LASER PULSES

1. A method, comprising:detecting an extrasolar laser pulse;
observing the extrasolar pulse;
characterizing the extrasolar pulse, and
confirming the data related to characterizing the pulse.

US Pat. No. 10,168,224

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING FREQUENCY ANALYSIS PROCESSING, AND SENSOR MODULE

FUJITSU LIMITED CO., LTD....

1. An apparatus for controlling a frequency analysis processing, the apparatus comprising:a memory; and
a processor coupled to the memory and configured to
execute a process that includes acquiring time sequential data sensed at a first sampling frequency by a sensor and dividing the time sequential data into a first group and a second group in accordance with sequential order of the time sequential data, the first group including first data having first time sequential order of the time sequential data, the second group including second data having second time sequential order of the time sequential data,
execute a fast Fourier transform process that includes performing a fast Fourier transform operation on the first group and the second group and acquiring similarity degree between a first result of a butterfly operation for the first group and a second result of the butterfly operation for the second group, and
execute a change process that includes changing, in a case where the similarity degree is at least equal to a given threshold, a sampling frequency at which the sensor operates to a second sampling frequency lower than the first sampling frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,168,223

ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION DETECTOR ENCAPSULATED BY TRANSFER OF THIN LAYER

1. Electromagnetic radiation detector (100) comprising:at least one membrane (108) suspended above a substrate (101), configured to absorb incident electromagnetic radiation and convert it into heat; and
a cap (110) transparent in a spectral sensitivity range of the electromagnetic radiation detector, and closing a hermetic cavity (115) containing the at least one membrane;characterised in that:the thickness (E) of the cap (110) is less than or equal to 10 ?m;
the cap is suspended above the substrate, bearing on at least support walls (106) surrounding the membrane(s);
the detector (100) has first and second metallic sealing layers (112A, 112B) intercalated on each other between the cap and the support walls, and between which a peripheral bonding zone (112C) extends.

US Pat. No. 10,168,222

THERMAL DETECTOR ARRAY CONFIGURED TO DETECT THERMAL RADIATION FROM THE INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. An apparatus comprising:an integrated circuit substrate;
an integrated circuit, wherein the integrated circuit is disposed on a top surface of the integrated circuit substrate;
a thermal detector array substrate;
a thermal detector array configured to detect thermal radiation from the integrated circuit, wherein the thermal detector array is disposed on a bottom surface of the thermal detector array substrate; and
one or more spacers disposed on the top surface of the integrated circuit substrate;
wherein the one or more spacers are disposed between the top surface of the integrated circuit substrate and the bottom surface of the thermal detector array substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,220

WEARABLE INFRARED TEMPERATURE SENSING DEVICE

PIXART IMAGING INC., Hsi...

1. A wearable device, comprising:a case having a first opening; and
a far infrared temperature sensing device disposed inside the case of the wearable device, and the far infrared temperature sensing device including:
an assembly structure which has an accommodating space and a top opening;
a sensor chip which is disposed in the accommodating space of the assembly structure;
a filter structure which is disposed above the sensor chip; and
a metal shielding structure which is disposed above the sensor chip, wherein the metal shielding structure has a second opening to expose the filter structure;
wherein the first and second openings are communicated to cooperatively define a through hole.

US Pat. No. 10,168,219

WEARABLE DEVICE WITH COMBINED SENSING CAPABILITIES

PIXART IMAGING INCORPORAT...

1. A wearable device with combined sensing capabilities, comprising:a wearable assembly for being worn on a part of a user's body, wherein the wearable assembly has at least two light-transmissible windows, one of the at least two light-transmissible windows is provided at an upper surface of the wearable assembly, and another one of the at least two light-transmissible windows is provided at a lower surface of the wearable assembly; and
at least two multi-function sensor modules located inside the wearable assembly, wherein, the at least two multi-function sensor modules are respectively corresponding to the two light-transmissible windows, wherein, the at least two multi-function sensor modules are for performing an image sensing function and an infrared temperature sensing function, each of the at least two multi-function sensor modules including:
an image sensor module for sensing a physical or a biological feature of an object through the at least one light-transmissible window by way of image sensing; and
an infrared temperature sensor module for sensing temperature through the corresponding light-transmissible window by way of infrared temperature sensing;
wherein, the multi-function sensor module corresponding to the light-transmissible window provided at the upper surface performs non-contact type temperature sensing through the corresponding light-transmissible window at the upper surface, and wherein the multi-function sensor module corresponding to the light-transmissible window provided at the lower surface performs contact type temperature sensing through the corresponding light-transmissible window at the lower surface;
whereby, the wearable device integrates both non-contact type temperature sensing and contact type temperature sensing into the one single wearable assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,168,217

AUTOMATED THERMOGRAPHIC INSPECTION FOR COMPOSITE STRUCTURES

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A method to detect irregularities in a composite structure, the method comprising:cooling the composite structure to a first temperature state;
applying a quantity of heat to an exposed surface of the composite structure;
after heat has been applied to the exposed surface of the composite structure, generating temperature data for the exposed surface of the composite structure; and
detecting an irregularity in the composite structure based on the temperature data.

US Pat. No. 10,168,215

COLOR MEASUREMENT APPARATUS AND COLOR INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A color measurement apparatus, comprising:at least one illuminator configured to irradiate a surface of a measurement target and a surface of a reference object with light at a plurality of illumination angles;
an imager configured to image the surface of the measurement target at a predetermined capturing angle, at one illumination angle per imaging, to acquire spectral reflectance images of the measurement target at the plurality of illumination angles, and image the surface of the reference object at the predetermined capturing angle, at the plurality of illumination angles, respectively, to acquire spectral reflectance images of the reference object at the plurality of illumination angles; and
circuitry configured to:
normalize each pixel included in an imaging region of one of the spectral reflectance images of the measurement target irradiated with light at a specific illumination angle of the plurality of illumination angles, with one of the spectral reflectance images of the reference object irradiated with light at the specific illumination angle, for each of the plurality of illumination angles so as to generate normalized spectral reflectance images of the measurement target; and
calculate a numerical value of at least one color for each pixel of the normalized spectral reflectance images of the measurement target, for respective ones of the plurality of illumination angles, to measure color of the surface of the measurement target.

US Pat. No. 10,168,214

METHOD OF ASSEMBLY AND MANUFACTURING OF PIEZO ACTUATED FABRY-PEROT INTERFEROMETER

TruTag Technologies, Inc....

1. A device for tunable optical filtering, comprising:a substrate;
one or more piezos, wherein the one or more piezos are placed on the substrate, wherein the one or more piezos have a piezo thickness, the piezo thickness being a length of the one or more piezos in a top to a bottom direction;
a bottom mirror, wherein the bottom mirror is placed on the substrate, wherein the bottom mirror has a bottom mirror thickness greater than the piezo thickness, the bottom mirror thickness being a bottom mirror length of the bottom mirror in the top to the bottom direction;
a top mirror, wherein the top mirror is placed on the bottom mirror, the top mirror being in contact with the bottom mirror, wherein the top mirror is attached to the one or more piezos, wherein actuation of the one or more piezos lifts the top mirror from the bottom mirror so that the top mirror is no longer in contact with the bottom mirror.

US Pat. No. 10,168,213

SPECTROSCOPIC SENSOR INCLUDING INTERFERENCE FILTER UNIT HAVING SILICON OXIDE CAVITY

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. A spectroscopic sensor comprising:an interference filter unit, having a cavity layer and first and second mirror layers opposing each other through the cavity layer, for selectively transmitting therethrough light in a predetermined wavelength range according to an incident position thereof;
a light-transmitting substrate, arranged on the first mirror layer side, for transmitting therethrough light incident on the interference filter unit;
a light-detecting substrate, arranged on the second mirror layer side, for detecting the light transmitted through the interference filter unit; and
a first coupling layer arranged between the interference filter unit and the light-transmitting substrate;
wherein the cavity layer and the first coupling layer are silicon oxide films,
the thickness of the cavity layer varies between the first and second mirror layers,
the thickness of the first coupling layer varies such that the light-transmitting substrate and the light-detecting substrate are arranged parallel to each other,
the cavity layer has a filter region held between the first and second mirror layers, and a surrounding region continuously surrounding the whole perimeter of the filter region as seen in a direction in which the light-transmitting substrate and the light-detecting substrate oppose each other,
the cavity layer is formed continuously over the filter region and the surrounding region,
an entire face on the light-transmitting substrate side of the surrounding region has substantially the same height as a part of a face of the filter region on which the first mirror layer is formed located closest to the light-transmitting substrate or the entire face on the light-transmitting substrate side of the surrounding region is positioned nearer to the light-transmitting substrate than the part,
the filter region overlaps with a light-receiving unit of the light-detecting substrate and the surrounding region does not overlap with the light-receiving unit as seen in the direction in which the light-transmitting substrate and the light-detecting substrate oppose each other, and
the thickness of the filter region varies between the first and second mirror layers.

US Pat. No. 10,168,211

FULLY INTEGRATED GAS CONCENTRATION SENSOR

MAXIM INTEGRATED PRODUCTS...

1. A gas concentration sensor, comprising:a package substrate defining at least one aperture;
an electromagnetic radiation source positioned in an interior region of the package substrate;
a detector positioned in the interior region of the package substrate and configured to receive at least a portion of electromagnetic radiation generated by the electromagnetic radiation source to generate one or more signal outputs;
a tunable filter positioned adjacent to the detector, the tunable filter configured to provide a plurality of spectral channels for detection by the detector; and
control circuitry coupled to the package substrate and operably coupled to the detector, the control circuitry configured to detect and calibrate the one or more signal outputs from the detector to determine a gas concentration within the interior region of the package substrate, and wherein the control circuitry is configured to control one or more filtering characteristics of the tunable filter;
the package substrate at least partially enclosing the electromagnetic radiation source, the detector, and the control circuitry.

US Pat. No. 10,168,210

SNAPSHOT-TYPE POLARIZED HYPERSPECTRAL CAMERA AND AN IMAGING METHOD

Institute of Remote Sensi...

1. A snapshot-type polarized hyperspectral camera, characterized in that, it comprises polarizers, an image sensor and a spectra filter, the spectra filter being located on the image sensor, and the polarizers being located on one side of the image sensor;three polarizers are stuck into a first region, a second region and a third region of a channel with a preset wavelength at a first preset angle, a second preset angle and a third preset angle, respectively, the channel is divided into four regions, and the polarizers are used to shield and transmit incident light, so as to obtain light signals with different polarizing angles;
the image sensor is used to receive the light signals with different polarizing angles, which are obtained by the three polarizers, and convert the light signals with different polarizing angles into electric signals;
the spectra filter is used to receive the electric signals converted by the image sensor, and filter the electric signals, so as to obtain high-frequency electric signals with the preset wavelength.