US Pat. No. 10,712,358

APPARATUS FOR MEASURING VELOCITIES OF PROJECTILES LAUNCHED FROM FIREARMS

MAGNETOSPEED LLC, Austin...

1. A method of measuring a velocity of a projectile launched from a firearm, the method comprising:providing a sensor module having a first and second passive sensor coils, and a magnet for applying a stable magnetic field to the first and second passive sensor coils;
receiving a first sensor signal generated by the movement of a projectile relative to the first passive sensor coil, wherein the projectile does not include any magnet;
receiving a second sensor signal generated by the movement of the projectile relative to the second passive sensor coil;
determining a time difference between the first sensor signal and the second sensor signal; and
determining a velocity of the projectile based on the determined time difference.

US Pat. No. 10,712,357

CIRCUITS AND METHODS FOR ARTIFACT ELIMINATION

Georgia Tech Research Cor...

1. An apparatus comprising:an excitation circuitry that electrically excites a physical system by applying an excitation signal to a physical interface to the physical system; and
signal acquisition circuitry that actively eliminates interference arising from the excitation signal, said signal acquisition circuitry comprises a feedback loop that incorporates the physical interface, the feedback loop further providing an electrical discharge path for the physical interface, wherein said feedback loop eliminates interference arising from the excitation of the physical system by a continuous-time adjustment of an electrical characteristic of the physical interface wherein said adjustment of the electrical characteristic is a function of a present condition and a pre-excitation condition of the physical interface.

US Pat. No. 10,712,355

HIGH RESOLUTION SURFACE PARTICLE DETECTOR

PENTAGON TECHNOLOGIES GRO...

1. A device for counting particles on a sample surface, comprising:a scanner probe having a first opening for receiving particles from a sample surface and one or more second openings;
one or more pumps for producing a first airstream flowing from the first opening and a second airstream flowing to the one or more second openings;
a flow device for splitting the first airstream into a third airstream and a fourth airstream;
a first particle detector for receiving and detecting particles in the third airstream, wherein the first particle detector is capable of detecting particles within a first range of particle sizes;
a second particle detector for receiving and detecting particles in the fourth airstream, wherein the second particle detector is capable of detecting particles within a second range of particle sizes which is different from the first range of particle sizes;
a control circuitry for controlling the flow device and the one or more pumps to provide a first flow rate of the third airstream and a second flow rate of the fourth airstream, wherein the first flow rate is smaller than the second flow rate;
a first sensor for measuring the first flow rate; and
a second sensor for measuring the second flow rate;
wherein the control circuitry controls the flow device based on measured first and second flow rates by the first and second sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,712,353

ANTIBODIES TO OLANZAPINE HAPTENS AND USE THEREOF

Janssen Pharmaceutica NV,...

1. A method of producing an antibody which binds to olanzapine, the method comprising:selecting a host for antibody production; and
(ii) inoculating the host with a conjugate having the formula:

wherein the host produces the antibody which binds to olanzapine.

US Pat. No. 10,712,352

METHODS AND DEVICES FOR ASSESSING IN VIVO TOXIC LEVELS OF BILIRUBIN AND DIAGNOSING INCREASED RISK OF BILIRUBIN NEUROTOXICITY

NEOMETRIX DX, Renton, WA...

1. A method for treating, ameliorating, reversing or preventing in an individual in need thereof:a hyperbilirubinemia or bilirubin toxicity,
a bilirubin neurotoxicity,
a bilirubin-induced neurodevelopmental impairment,
a neurodevelopmental impairment having toxic levels of bilirubin as a causative agent,
a sudden bilirubin-induced neurotoxicity,
an acute bilirubin encephalopathy,
a choreoathetotic cerebral palsy,
a bilirubin-induced hearing impairment, or a hearing impairment having toxic levels of bilirubin as a causative agent,
a bilirubin-induced autism, or an autism having toxic levels of bilirubin as a causative agent,
a bilirubin-induced high tone hearing loss,
a bilirubin-induced paralysis of upward gaze, or
a bilirubin-induced yellow staining of the teeth,
the method comprising:
(a) determining whether bilirubin binding is normal, or below normal in the individual in need thereof by a method comprising:
(i) providing or taking, or having provided, a plasma, blood or serum sample from the individual;
(ii) measuring BTotal and BFree,
(iii) enriching the plasma, blood or serum sample with bilirubin,
(iv) measuring BTotal and BFree in the bilirubin enriched plasma; and,
(v) determining the maximum total bilirubin concentration (BTmax) and the equilibrium association constant (KA),
wherein if the individual's BTmax and KA are below the mean, average, or median BTmax and KA for a comparable population, the individual has poor or clinically inefficient bilirubin binding, and
if the individual's BFree is equal to or greater than the BFreeStandard for the comparable population that occurs at a current treatment BTotal this indicates the presence of a risk of BIND that is sufficient to warrant treatment,
wherein

and BFree and BTotal are the measured concentrations of non-albumin bound or free bilirubin and total bilirubin concentration, respectively,
and measuring BTotal and BFree before and after enrichment of the sample with bilirubin to obtain BTotal, BFree and BTotal 2, BFree 2 to provide two equations with two unknowns (BTmax and KA), that are solved for BTmax

and the measured BTotal and BFree are used with the calculated BTmax to obtain

 or
KA is the negative intercept and BTmax is the negative slope divided by the intercept of

as the reciprocal of

is the linear equation

 and
(b) commencing treating, ameliorating, reversing or preventing the individual in need thereof for:
the jaundice or bilirubin toxicity,
the bilirubin neurotoxicity,
the bilirubin-induced neurodevelopmental impairment,
the impairment having toxic levels of bilirubin as a causative agent,
the acute bilirubin encephalopathy,
the choreoathetotic cerebral palsy,
the bilirubin-induced hearing impairment, or hearing impairment having toxic levels of bilirubin as a causative agent,
the bilirubin-induced autism, or the autism having toxic levels of bilirubin as a causative agent,
the bilirubin-induced high tone hearing loss,
the bilirubin-induced paralysis of upward gaze, or
the bilirubin-induced yellow staining of the teeth,
if the individual in need thereof has a lower than normal calculated BTmax and KA or a BFree equal to or greater than BFreeStandard as determined in step (a).

US Pat. No. 10,712,347

SENSORS EMPLOYING SINGLE-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES

THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF ...

1. An analyte sensing composition for detecting an analyte, or determining the concentration of the analyte, which comprises a sensing complex of a sensing protein with a semi-conducting, single-walled nanotube consisting of carbon, wherein the carbon nanotube of the sensing complex is emissive, having an optical property of photoinduced band gap fluorescence in the near-infrared, the sensing protein selectively binds to or selectively reacts with the analyte, and the photo-induced band gap fluorescence of the carbon nanotube of the sensing complex is responsive to the selective binding of the sensing protein to the analyte or the selective reaction of the sensing protein with the analyte, the selective binding of the sensing protein with the analyte providing an altered emissive effect, wherein the sensing protein is an enzyme which catalyzes oxidation or reduction of the analyte and wherein the sensing composition further comprises one or more redox mediators which function for electron transfer from the analyte or the oxidation or reduction product thereof to the complexed carbon nanotube.

US Pat. No. 10,712,346

INTRACELLULAR DELIVERY VEHICLE

KIRIN HOLDINGS KABUSHIKI ...

1. A compound having a chemical structure represented by general formula (I):whereinY represents a single bond or CHR85,
Z represents a single bond or CHR86,
R72 and R73 are each independently selected from C1-6 alky group,
R75, R76, R77, R78, R85 and R86 are each independently selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, C1-6 alkyl group, C1-6 alkoxy group, C1-6 alkylcarbonyl group, phenyl group and hydroxyl group, wherein said C1-6 alkyl group, C1-6 alkoxy group, C1-6 alkylcarbonyl group and phenyl group are optionally substituted with 1 or 2 substituents selected from the group consisting of C1-6 alkyl group, C1-6 alkoxy group, C1-6 alkylcarbonyl group, phenyl group and hydroxyl group,
or
R75 and R76 or R77 and R78 together optionally form —(CH2)3-5—,
R81, R82, R83 and R84 are a substituent selected from the group consisting of C1-4 alkyl group, C1-4 alkylcarbonyl group and C1-3 alkoxy group, wherein the C1-4 alkyl is optionally substituted with one C1-3 alkoxy group; and
R71 and R74 each independently are C1-3 alkyl group, and
Xf? is counter anion.

US Pat. No. 10,712,340

ASSAY DEVICE HAVING CONTROLLABLE SAMPLE SIZE

ORTHO-CLINICAL DIAGNOSTIC...

1. A method of controlling sample size in an assay device, said assay device comprising a substrate having a planar top surface, said method comprising:providing a liquid sample addition zone on the planar top surface of the substrate;
providing a reagent zone on the planar top surface of the substrate, the reagent zone being provided downstream and in fluid communication with the sample addition zone and containing a reagent, said reagent including a material that produces a detectable signal in the presence of a sample;
providing a detection zone on the planar top surface of the substrate in fluid communication with the reagent zone;
providing a wicking zone on the planar top surface of the substrate in fluid communication with the detection zone having a capacity to receive liquid sample flowing from the detection zone, wherein the sample addition zone, the reagent zone, the detection zone and the wicking zone define a fluid flow path formed on the planar top surface of the substrate, the fluid flow path being configured to enable capillary flow from the sample addition zone to the wicking zone by means of projections formed on the planar top surface of the substrate, the projections having height and width dimensions, as well as spacing between adjacent projections that spontaneously create lateral capillary flow along the fluid flow path;
further providing a fluid addition zone on the planar top surface of the substrate, the fluid addition zone being along and in fluid communication with the fluid flow path downstream of the sample addition zone and the reagent zone and upstream of the detection zone;
adding sample to the sample addition zone, wherein the sample moves through the fluid flow path due to the capillary action of the projections;
allowing the sample to mix with the reagent in the reagent zone; and
controlling sample size within the fluid flow path by adding an interrupting fluid to the fluid addition zone after the sample has passed through the reagent zone, mixed with the reagent, and moved a predetermined percentage into the wicking zone, the added fluid creating a dome-shaped droplet that interrupts the capillary flow of sample along the fluid flow path.

US Pat. No. 10,712,339

ENGINEERING OF A NOVEL BREAST TUMOR MICROENVIRONMENT ON A MICROFLUIDIC CHIP

Arizona Board of Regents ...

1. A microfluidic device, comprising:a surface defining one or more microfluidic channels, wherein the surface extends beyond the one or more microfluidic channels;
a first three dimensional scaffold comprising one or more cancer cells that is spatially separated from the one or more microfluidic channels;
a second three dimensional scaffold, at least a portion of which is contacting and in fluid communication with the first three dimensional scaffold, and that is spatially separated from the one or more microfluidic channels; and
a third three dimensional scaffold, at least a portion of which is contacting and in fluid communication with the one or more microfluidic channels and the second three dimensional scaffold, wherein the extended surface underlies the first, second and third three dimensional scaffolds.

US Pat. No. 10,712,338

METHOD OF PREPARING SAMPLE FOR ANALYSIS AND ANALYSIS METHOD

SHIMADZU CORPORATION, Ky...

1. A sample preparation method for analyzing a sugar chain contained in an analyte, whereinthe method comprising a first reaction,
in the first reaction, an analyte containing a sugar chain, an amine containing two or more carbon atoms or a salt thereof, and a dehydration-condensation agent are reacted such that a modified product is formed from a sialic acid in the sugar chain of the analyte,
when the sugar chain has an ?2,3-linked sialic acid, a lactone is formed as the modified product by the first reaction, and
when the sugar chain has an ?2,6-linked sialic acid, an amide is formed as the modified product by the first reaction,
wherein the dehydration-condensation agent includes a carbodiimide and at least one nucleophilic additive selected from the group consisting of 1-hydroxybenzotriazole, 1-hydroxy-7-aza-benzotriazole, 4-(dimethylamino)pyridine, ethyl 2-cyano-2-(hydroxyimino)acetate, N-hydroxy-succinimide, 6-chloro-1-hydroxy-benzotriazole, and N-hydroxy-3,4-dihydro-4-oxo-1,2,3-benzotriazine.

US Pat. No. 10,712,337

DETECTING GASES AND RESPIRATION BY THE CONDUCTIVITY OF WATER WITHIN A POROUS SUBSTRATE SENSOR

President and Fellows of ...

1. A method of detecting respiration of a patient comprising:providing a sensor comprising an electrode pair in electrical contact with a layer of hygroscopic porous cellulose paper material capable of adsorbing and desorbing water as a function of relative humidity;
positioning the sensor in the proximity of a mouth and/or nose of the patient; and
monitoring the change in water content of the sensor over time by application of a voltage across the electrode pair, such that a current is induced that is proportional to the ionic content of water in the hygroscopic porous cellulose material, and wherein the increase and decrease in water content is correlated to exhalation and inhalation, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,712,336

VITAMIN D DEFICIENCIES

Mayo Foundation for Medic...

1. A method for determining whether or not a mammalian subject has a vitamin D deficiency, comprisinga) obtaining a biological sample from the mammalian subject;
b) deriving a sample from the biological sample by removing interfering components from the biological sample, wherein the interfering components are removed from the biological sample by precipitation;
c) determining an amount of 25-hydroxyvitamin D2 simultaneously with an amount of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 in a single sample derived from the mammalian subject's biological sample, wherein the determining comprises using a mass spectrometry technique to detect underivatized 25-hydroxyvitamin D2 and underivatized 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 in the single sample, wherein the mass spectrometry technique comprises a LC-MS/MS technique and wherein the LC-MS/MS technique comprise the use of a triple quadrupole instrument in Multiple Reaction Monitoring (MRM), positive ion mode;
d) comparing the amount of total 25-hydroxyvitamin D2 and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 in the single sample with clinical reference values indicative of vitamin D deficiency; and
e) determining whether or not the mammalian subject has a vitamin D deficiency based on the comparisons in step d).

US Pat. No. 10,712,334

MASSIVELY PARALLEL DNA SEQUENCING APPARATUS

Roswell Biotechnologies, ...

1. A DNA or genome sequencing structure comprising:(a) an electrode pair comprising a first metal, each electrode tapering to a tip-shaped end, with the electrodes separated by a nanogap defined by the tip-shaped ends facing one another;
(b) at least one conductive island deposit of a second metal on each electrode located at or near each tip-shaped end of each electrode; and
(c) a biomolecule having two ends, each end attached to the at least one conductive island on each electrode such that one biomolecule bridges the nanogap,
wherein the first and second metals are different, and
wherein the biomolecule completes a circuit configured for electronic monitoring of DNA or genome sequencing without the use of a fluorescing element.

US Pat. No. 10,712,333

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE FOR DETERMINING A BIOMOLECULE CHARACTERISTIC

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A biomolecule sensing device comprising at least one semiconductor device, each semiconductor device including:a semiconductor circuit layer; and
a nanopore layer disposed above the circuit layer and coupled to a circuit unit within the circuit layer by semiconductor device routes, the nanopore layer having a nanopore therethrough, wherein the circuit unit is configured to drive a biomolecule through the pore and the circuit unit is configured to detect a current associated with a resistance or a capacitance of the nanopore layer, whereby a characteristic of the biomolecule can be determined using the current detected by the circuit unit, wherein the nanopore is a liquid gated transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,712,332

SOLUTION TANK DEVICE

HITACHI, LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A solution tank device, comprising:an insulating thin film, which is configured to allow an object to be measured to pass therethrough, and has a thickness of 1 micrometer or less;
a first solution tank, which is configured to support one surface of both surfaces of the insulating thin film; and
a first conductive structure, which has a sheet resistance of 1013 ohms or less in a portion in which contact friction occurs between the first solution tank and an object outside of the first solution tank.

US Pat. No. 10,712,331

COMPUTER METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DERIVING CELL-TO-CELL SPATIAL PROXIMITIES

Novartis AG, Basel (CH)

1. An imaging system for scoring a sample comprising tumor tissue taken from a cancer patient, the imaging system comprising:an imaging device comprising a stage for positioning the sample in an imaging field, an electromagnetic radiation source for directing electromagnetic radiation at the sample, and a detector configured to detect electromagnetic radiation from the sample;
a controller comprising a user interface for exchanging information between an operator and the controller and a processing circuit configured to execute instructions stored on a computer-readable medium which cause the controller of the imaging system to:
receive information about the detected electromagnetic radiation at the imaging device;
generate image data at a spectral unmixer based on the detected electromagnetic radiation;
analyze the image data to determine a score representative of a nearness between at least one pair of cells, a first member of the least one pair of cells expressing a first biomarker and a second member of the at least one pair of cells expressing a second biomarker that is different from the first biomarker;
wherein analyzing the image data comprises:
dilating, using a dilator of the processing circuit, fluorescence signals attributable to the first biomarker by a predetermined margin that is selected to encompass proximally located cells expressing the second biomarker;
determining an interaction area at an interaction masker, wherein the interaction area is a first total area for all cells which express the second biomarker and are encompassed within the dilated fluorescence signals attributable to the first biomarker; and
dividing, using an interaction calculator of the processing circuit, the interaction area by a normalization factor, and multiplying the resulting quotient by a predetermined factor to arrive at the score,
wherein the normalization factor is a total area for all cells that have a capacity to express the second biomarker and is determined by combining a cell mask representative of all cells in the sample based on signals attributable to cell nuclei, and a tumor area mask representative of the tumor area on the sample based on signals attributable to tumor area in the sample; and
record the score, which score when compared to a threshold value is indicative of a likelihood that the cancer patient will respond positively to immunotherapy.

US Pat. No. 10,712,330

CONTROLLING BITUMEN RECOVERY FROM AN OIL SANDS ORE BODY BY USING A PREDICTIVE ORE PROCESSABILITY MODEL IN PRODUCING A BLENDED ORE FEEDSTOCK

SYNCRUDE CANADA LTD., Fo...

1. A method for predicting processability of an oil sands ore body in a bitumen extraction process, the method comprising the steps of:(a) obtaining core samples from a plurality of spatially separated locations within the ore body;
(b) performing characterization tests on the core samples to establish a first database of sets of ore characteristic values comprising a bitumen content, a content of solid particles having a diameter less than 44 microns, and a content of ore formed in a marine depositional environment;
(c) performing processability tests on the core samples to establish a second database of processability values indicative of any one or a combination of bitumen recovery from ore in the core samples in the bitumen extraction process, a bitumen content of bitumen froth in the bitumen extraction process, a solids content of bitumen froth in the bitumen extraction process, or a water content of bitumen froth in the bitumen extraction process, and
(d) based on the first and second databases, determining a predictive ore processability model for predicting processability values from a specified set of ore characteristic values.

US Pat. No. 10,712,329

METHODS OF MEASURING METAL POLLUTANTS ON SKIN

1. A method of identifying a skin cleanser which can reduce the amount of airborne pollution on skin, comprising:a) identifying a subject with pollution on at least a portion of the skin;
b) applying a first tape strip to a skin collection site on the subject;
c) removing the first tape strip with a first skin sample from the first skin collection site;
d) placing the first tape strip in a container;
e) washing a comparable second skin collection site with a skin cleanser;
f) allowing the second skin collection site to dry;
g) applying a second tape strip to the second skin collection site;
h) removing the second tape strip with a second skin sample from the second skin collection site;
i) placing the second tape strip in a container;
j) digesting the first skin sample to form a first digestion solution and the second skin sample to form a second digestion solution; and
k) measuring the level of a target metal from the first digestion solution and second digestion solution using inductively coupled plasma tandem mass spectrometry;
wherein a decrease of 10% or more from the first strip to the second strip indicates the ability of the skin cleanser to remove at least a portion of the target metal from the surface of the skin.

US Pat. No. 10,712,327

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MONITORING WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS

Jentek Water Treatment, I...

1. A method for monitoring an HVAC hydronic water system comprising:receiving data from a plurality of sensors, the plurality of sensors operable to detect one or more properties of a fluid;
controlling a plurality of relays or actuators operable to change a setting in the HVAC hydronic water system, the plurality of relays or actuators operating valves or pumps connected to additives that change a property of the one or more properties of the fluid when added to the fluid;
storing historical records of the one or more properties on one or more servers communicatively coupled to the plurality of sensors;
comparing, using the one or more servers, the one or more properties to one or more predetermined ranges of values and to send a notification when a property of the one or more properties is outside of the one or more predetermined range of values;
providing a graphical interface to a user, the graphical interface operable to display the one or more properties and comprising a multi-axis graph with each axis extending outward in opposing directions from a single point, the axes of the multi-axis graph together delineating actual sensed, threshold and target values of a plurality of the properties and a plurality of indexes based on the properties; and
actuating the plurality of relays or actuators in response to one or more instructions, based on one or more of the displayed indexes, and/or displayed properties.

US Pat. No. 10,712,326

NONDESTRUCTIVE METHOD OF IDENTIFYING CONCEALED DAMAGE IN NUTS

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A method of identifying a nut having concealed damage, the method comprising the steps of:a) obtaining Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR) diffuse reflectance spectra between 1125-2153 nm of a dehulled whole raw nut;
b) converting the NIR reflectance spectra to NIR absorbance spectra;
c) extracting the NIR absorbance spectra within the wavelength ranges of 1392-1546 nm, 1692-1781 nm, and 1902-1991 nm from the NIR absorbance spectra;
d) evaluating the NIR absorbance spectra only within the wavelength ranges of 1392-1546 nm, 1692-1781 nm, and 1902-1991 nm;
e) performing partial least square discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) within the wavelength ranges of step d) and assigning a PLS-DA value; and
f) identifying the nut as having concealed damage when the PLS-DA value is above a threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,712,325

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MEASURING INFLORESCENCE, SEED AND/OR SEED YIELD PHENOTYPE

BASF PLANT SCIENCE COMPAN...

1. An apparatus for high-throughput evaluation of inflorescence, seed and/or seed yield of a panicle, which apparatus comprises:an imaging system; and
a transporter for supporting and moving said panicle to said imaging system;
said transporter comprising two conveyor belt systems, said conveyor belt systems being placed face-to-face for gripping a panicle to be evaluated;
wherein said imaging system comprises:
at least one light source with suitable spectral composition in the near infrared range to direct electromagnetic radiation onto said panicle;
at least one digital camera with sensitivity in the near-infrared range;
at least one spectrograph comprising an optical dispersing element adapted to split the light into many narrow, adjacent wavelength bands, said spectrograph being placed before the camera;
at least one optical lens;
computer hardware elements and connections to the foregoing imaging system elements; and
dedicated software elements for driving signal outputs and inputs from and to the hardware elements, and for automatically acquiring at least one spatially resolved image of a panicle and measuring a phenotype of said panicle from said image.

US Pat. No. 10,712,324

DEVICE WITH A PUMPING DEVICE FOR TESTING THE OPERATIONAL CAPABILITY OF A GAS GUIDE ELEMENT OF A GAS-MEASURING SYSTEM

1. An operational capability determination device for determining an operational capability of a gas guide element of a gas-measuring system, which gas guide element is configured to route or guide a fluid, which gas-measuring system comprises the gas guide element, at least one gas sensor and a pumping device, the operational capability determination device comprising:a test gas source; and
a control unit with an associated memory and operative connections to the pumping device and the at least one gas sensor, wherein:
the gas guide element extending between the pumping device and at least one gas sensor and extending to a measuring location, located at a distance from the gas sensor;
the gas guide element, the at least one gas sensor and the pumping device are fluidically connected to one another and are configured for interaction such that a quantity of gas can be fed to the at least one gas sensor from the measuring location, located at a distance from the gas sensor, and a quantity of gas can be fed from the pumping device to the measuring location;
the test gas source is arranged at the pumping device and the gas guide element;
the at least one gas sensor and the pumping device are connected fluidically such that a quantity of test gas can be fed as a quantity of test gas from the test gas source to the measuring location;
the control unit is configured to receive measured values, which are detected and provided by the at least one gas sensor and indicate gas concentrations;
the control unit is configured with the associated memory to store the measured values detected and provided by the at least one gas sensor;
the control unit is configured to determine the operational capability of the gas guide element, to coordinate the pumping device in interaction with the at least one gas sensor by means of a sequence of steps beginning from a measuring operation, the sequence of steps comprising:
the control unit putting the pumping device into a first operating state for a first predefined time period so that a quantity of test gas is delivered from the test gas source to the gas guide element and fed toward the measuring location by means of the gas guide element and selecting a duration of the first predefined time period based on technical properties of the gas guide element and based on technical properties of the pumping device such that the gas guide element is filled with the test gas over a length of the gas guide element from the measuring location to the pumping device;
the control unit putting the pumping device into a second operating state for a predefined time period so that a quantity of gas is delivered from the gas guide element to the at least one gas sensor and fed away from the measuring location by means of the gas guide element and selecting a duration of the second predefined time period based on the first predefined time period and based on technical properties of the gas guide element and based on technical properties of the pumping device;
the control unit receiving a plurality of measured values provided by the at least one gas sensor during the second predefined time period, and the control unit storing in the memory a beginning current measured value of the provided measured values as a first comparison data value at the beginning of the second predefined time period and the control unit storing in the memory an end current measured value of the provided measured values as a second comparison data value at the end of the second predefined time period;
the control unit performing a comparison between the first comparison data value and the second comparison data value and determining an indicator of the operational capability of the gas guide element based on the comparison between the first comparison data value and the second comparison data value and a predefined comparison criterion; and
the control unit determining an output signal, which indicates the indicator of the operational capability of the gas guide element and the control unit providing the output signal as an output.

US Pat. No. 10,712,323

CONTROL DEVICE FOR GAS DETECTOR AND CONTROL METHOD FOR GAS DETECTOR

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A control device for a gas detector,the gas detector including an element section, a power supply circuit, and a current detector,
the element section including an electrochemical cell and a diffusion resistance body, and being provided in an exhaust passage of an internal combustion engine,
the electrochemical cell including a solid electrolyte body that has oxide ion conductivity, a first electrode and a second electrode, the first electrode and the second electrode being respectively provided on surfaces of the solid electrolyte body,
the diffusion resistance body being constituted a porous material through which exhaust gas flowing through the exhaust passage is passable,
the element section being configured that the exhaust gas flowing through the exhaust passage reaches the first electrode through the diffusion resistance body,
the power supply circuit being configured to apply a voltage between the first electrode and the second electrode, and
the current detector being configured to detect an output current that is a current flowing between the first electrode and the second electrode,
the control device comprising:
an electronic control unit configured to control an applied voltage that is the voltage applied between the first electrode and the second electrode by using the power supply circuit;
the electronic control unit configured to obtain the output current by using the current detector;
the electronic control unit configured to execute lowering sweep after executing boosting sweep by using the power supply circuit when the electronic control unit determines that an air-fuel ratio of air mixture supplied to the internal combustion engine is in a stable state,
the boosting sweep being control to boost the applied voltage from a first voltage to a second voltage, the first voltage being selected from a first voltage range that is lower than a decomposition initiation voltage of sulfur oxides, and the second voltage being selected from a second voltage range that is higher than the decomposition initiation voltage of sulfur oxides,
the lowering sweep being control to lower the applied voltage from the second voltage to the first voltage at a specified lowering rate; and
the electronic control unit configured to obtain a specified parameter based on the output current and execute one of a specified determination and a specified detection based on the specified parameter,
the specified determination being a determination on whether sulfur oxides in a specified concentration or higher are contained in the exhaust gas,
the specified detection, being detection of a concentration of the sulfur oxides in the exhaust gas,
the specified parameter being a specified change and correlated with a change occurred to the output current, the output current being increased as the concentration of the sulfur oxides contained in the exhaust gas is increased,
the specified change being a change occurred to the output current due to the current that flows between the first electrode and the second electrode at a time when a reoxidation reaction of specified sulfur in the first electrode leads to generation of sulfur oxides,
the specified sulfur being sulfur that is adsorbed to the first electrode at a time when the applied voltage becomes lower than the decomposition initiation voltage of sulfur oxides during the lowering sweep,
the specified lowering rate being set to such a rate that a rate of the reoxidation reaction of the specified sulfur is rapidly increased at a time point at which the applied voltage becomes a voltage that falls within the first voltage range and also falls within a higher voltage range than the first voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,712,321

METHOD TO ELIMINATE PERIODIC NOISE FROM DATA COLLECTED WITH A CHROMATOGRAPHY SYSTEM

WYATT TECHNOLOGY CORPORAT...

1. A method comprising:collecting data in a chromatography system with an analytical instrument,
wherein the collected data comprises pump pulses caused by at least one pump in the chromatography system,
wherein the at least one pump is computer controlled;
computing a power spectrum of the pulses;
determining a fundamental frequency of the pulses from the power spectrum of the pulses;
constructing a filter to block the fundamental frequency and one or more harmonics of the fundamental frequency;
applying the filter to the collected data, resulting in filtered data without the fundamental frequency and without the one or more harmonics; and
wherein the determining comprises
selecting a region of the power spectrum outside where 1/f noise is not present,
determining a frequency wm corresponding to a maximum power signal in the region,
analyzing power values of frequencies at wm/2 and wm/3 to determine if there is a peak in the power spectrum at the frequencies at wm/2 and wm/3, and
determining the fundamental frequency to be
wm if there is no peak in the power signal at wm/2 or wm/3,
wm/3 if there is a peak in the power signal at wm/3, and
wm/2 if there is a no peak in the power signal at wm/3 and if a peak is present at wm/2.

US Pat. No. 10,712,319

METHODS FOR DETECTING LACOSAMIDE BY MASS SPECTROMETRY

Quest Diagnostics Investm...

1. A method for determining the amount of lacosamide in a sample, said method comprising:(i) purifying lacosamide from said sample by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC);
(ii) ionizing lacosamide and an internal standard to produce at least one lacosamide ion and at least one internal standard ion detectable by mass spectrometry, wherein the ions are fragmented with a collision energy of 35V;
(iii) determining the amount of said at least one lacosamide ion and the amount of said at least one internal standard ion by mass spectrometry; and
(iv) comparing the amount of said at least one lacosamide ion and the amount of said at least one internal standard ion to determine the amount of lacosamide in the sample;
wherein said method has a lower limit of quantitation within the range of 20 ?g/ml and 0.5 ?g/ml, inclusive.

US Pat. No. 10,712,318

SENSOR ADHESION STATE DETERMINATION SYSTEM, SENSOR ADHESION STATE DETERMINATION DEVICE, AND SENSOR ADHESION STATE DETERMINATION METHOD

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A sensor adhesion state determination system comprising:a plurality of sensors configured to detect elastic waves;
a calculator configured to calculate peak frequencies of the elastic waves on the basis of the elastic waves detected by the plurality of sensors; and
a determiner configured to determine an adhesion state of each of the sensors to a structure by comparing the peak frequencies with information serving as a determination reference.

US Pat. No. 10,712,316

FIXED VALUE RESIDUAL STRESS TEST BLOCK AND MANUFACTURING AND PRESERVATION METHOD THEREOF

Beijing Institute of Tech...

1. A preservation method for a fixed-value residual stress test block, comprising:storing said test block in an environment with constant-temperature of which the range is 2˜8° C.; and
keeping the fixed-value residual stress test block away from impact and vibration;
wherein the fixed value residual stress test block comprising a main body and two welded blocks, both of said main body and said welded blocks are rectangular metal blocks, said welded blocks are welded onto two opposite side surfaces of said main body while said main body is deformed under pressures in up and down directions such that, when the pressures on the main bodies in the up and down directions is removed, the rebound effect of the main body generates a residual stress between the main body and welded blocks.

US Pat. No. 10,712,315

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR SUPERVISING BIOFILM CULTURING

NANJING UNIVERSITY, Nanj...

1. A device for supervising biofilm culturing, the device comprising:a fixed seat comprising an upper end;
a supervision chamber;
two ultrasonic sensing probes;
a first mounting chamber;
a second mounting chamber disposed between the fixed seat and the supervision chamber;
an ultrasonic generator;
an oscilloscope; and
a controller;wherein:the first and second mounting chambers are disposed at two opposite ends of the supervision chamber, respectively;
the two ultrasonic sensing probes are disposed in the first and second mounting chambers, respectively;
the second mounting chamber is connected to the upper end of the fixed seat;
each of the two ultrasonic sensing probes is connected to the ultrasonic generator, the oscilloscope, and the controller successively;
the supervision chamber is transparent and comprises a side wall and a bottom wall; the side wall comprises a water inlet and a water outlet which is located higher than the water inlet and the bottom wall comprises a groove for receiving a filler film; and
the first mounting chamber is disposed on the supervision chamber; the first mounting chamber comprises a cylindrical holder and a chamber for accommodating one of the two ultrasonic sensing probes; the chamber for accommodating the one of the two ultrasonic sensing probes is disposed on an upper surface of the cylindrical holder; a first fixation device is disposed in the chamber to fix the one of the two ultrasonic sensing probes; the one of the two ultrasonic sensing probes is fixed on a side wall of the first fixation device; the cylindrical holder comprises a holder side wall and a plurality of slots disposed on the holder side wall; the slots correspond to the water inlet and the water outlet of the supervision chamber; the second mounting chamber comprises a second fixation device for accommodating the other of the two ultrasonic sensing probes; and the other of the two ultrasonic sensing probes is fixed on a side wall of the second fixation device.

US Pat. No. 10,712,314

PIPE INSPECTION

Tenaris Connections B.V.,...

1. A method of pipe inspection, comprising:providing a first pipe section having a first pipe body, a first leading end, and a first trailing end;
providing a second pipe section having a second pipe body, a second leading end, and a second trailing end;
abutting at least a portion of the second leading end to at least a portion of the first trailing end to define a pipe abutment zone comprising a portion of the first pipe section measured longitudinally from the first trailing end a longitudinal distance of 300 mm and a portion of the second pipe section measured longitudinally from the second leading end a longitudinal distance of 300 mm, wherein abutting the second leading end to the first trailing end to define a pipe abutment zone comprises:
conveying the first pipe section longitudinally at a first speed;
conveying the second pipe section longitudinally at a second speed that is faster than the first speed;
contacting the second leading end to the first trailing end to define the pipe abutment zone; and
conveying the first pipe section and the second pipe section longitudinally such that contact between the first trailing end and the second leading end is maintained;
conveying the first pipe section and the second pipe section longitudinally at the first speed relative to an inspection device configured to perform an electromagnetic inspection of defects;
inspecting, by the inspection device as the first pipe section and the second pipe section are conveyed relative to the inspection device, a first portion of the pipe abutment zone and a second portion of the pipe abutment zone; and
providing, based on the inspecting, defect data that describes defects detected within at least one of the first portion and the second portion of the pipe abutment zone by the inspection device.

US Pat. No. 10,712,313

FEEDBACK METHOD AND DEVICE ON HIGH VOLTAGE OF A GAS DETECTOR

1. A feedback device for a gas ionisation particle detector that comprises a detection chamber containing gas, electrodes and a high voltage generator configured to create a potential difference between the electrodes, said device comprising a voltage regulator configured to:calculate a characteristic indicator of a measurement signal output by an electronic read unit configured to collect an electrical signal induced by a particle passing through the chamber; and
modify a set voltage output to the high voltage generator as a function of the calculated characteristic indicator;
wherein said device further comprises a noise discrimination unit configured to perform a trajectory reconstruction algorithm to reconstruct a trajectory of the particle passing through the chamber and check whether the electrical signal was induced at positions along the reconstructed particle trajectory, and
wherein the voltage regulator is configured to calculate the characteristic indicator of the measurement signal corresponding to a collection by the electronic read unit of the electrical signal checked to have been induced at positions along the reconstructed particle trajectory.

US Pat. No. 10,712,312

FLEXIBLE MAGNETIC FIELD COIL FOR MEASURING IONIC QUANTITY

1. A method of testing a vacuum interrupter comprising:causing generation of a magnetic field within the vacuum interrupter using a magnetic field generator;
measuring a property of the vacuum interrupter while the magnetic field is present within the vacuum interrupter, wherein measuring the property of the vacuum interrupter comprises measuring difference between a first current flowing in a first conductive member and a second current flowing in a second conductive member spaced apart from the first conductive member by a gap; and
determining a condition of the vacuum interrupter as a function of the measured property.

US Pat. No. 10,712,311

MICROCHIP, ANALYSIS SYSTEM, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING MICROCHIP

ARKRAY, Inc., Kyoto (JP)...

1. A microchip comprising:a flow channel,
wherein a cationic polymer bonded with a hydrophilization substance having one or more anionic functional groups is immobilized on inner walls of the flow channel.

US Pat. No. 10,712,309

ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSOR

1. A reference half-cell for an electrochemical sensor for measuring a measurand of a medium surrounding the sensor, the reference half-cell comprising:a housing defining a chamber, the chamber filled with a reference electrolyte and compressed air, wherein the reference electrolyte is in electrolytic contact with a medium surrounding the chamber via a junction disposed in a wall of the chamber;
a pickup electrode including an electrical conductor immersed in the reference electrolyte; and
a measuring device disposed in the chamber and configured to generate an electrical signal from which a pressure of the reference electrolyte in the chamber is determined.

US Pat. No. 10,712,308

BIOSENSOR FOR ELECTRICAL DETECTION OF A NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE

International Business Ma...

12. A structure comprising:a conductive layer on an upper surface of a substrate;
a cylindrical nucleotide attracting structure comprising a first end and a second end, the first end is in direct contact with an upper surface of the conductive layer and the second end is expose to the atmosphere, the cylindrical nucleotide attracting structure comprises a nucleotide attracting material;
a dielectric layer on an upper surface of the substrate, on an upper surface of the conductive layer, and is in direct contact with a vertical surface of the cylindrical nucleotide attracting structure; and
a semiconductor device arranged directly on top of the conductive layer and in electrical contact with the cylindrical nucleotide attracting structure, wherein the semiconductor device detects a voltage change based on a target analyte contacting the exposed surface of the cylindrical nucleotide attracting structure.

US Pat. No. 10,712,307

CERAMIC HEATER, SENSOR ELEMENT, AND GAS SENSOR

NGK INSULATORS, LTD., Na...

1. A ceramic heater including:a heating element including a continuous heating path comprising a plurality of linear portions and a plurality of bend portions, and
a ceramic body surrounding the heating element,
the bend portions comprising at least one first side bend portion that is provided on a first end of the linear portions in a length direction of the linear portions and at least one second side bend portion that is provided on a second end of the linear portions in the length direction, the second end of the linear portions being opposite the first end of the linear portions each of the linear portions connecting one of the at least one first side bend portion at one end of a respective linear portion to one of the at least one second side bend portion at an opposite end of the respective linear portion, and each of the at least one first side bend portion and the at least one second side bend portion having a resistance value per unit length, at a temperature in a range of 700° C. to 900° C., that is lower than a resistance value per unit length of each of the plurality of linear portions, such that a unit resistance ratio R1/R2 of unit resistance R1 (??/mm), being the resistance value per unit length of each of the at least one first side bend portion and the at least one second side bend portion, to unit resistance R2 (??/mm), being the resistance value per unit length of each of the plurality of linear portions, is no larger than 0.87 at the temperature in the range of 700° C. to 900° C.

US Pat. No. 10,712,306

SENSOR FOR DETECTION OF ACETONE

The Florida International...

17. A sensor device, comprising:a substrate;
a micro-fuel cell sensor disposed on a first surface of the substrate;
at least one humidity sensor disposed on the substrate; and
at least one thermocouple disposed on the substrate,
the first surface of the substrate having a surface area of 81 square millimeters (mm2) or less,
the sensor device further comprising a processor and a machine readable medium comprising instructions stored thereon that, when executed by the processor, perform a multivariate statistical technique on data obtained from the micro-fuel sensor,
the multivariate statistical technique being principle component analysis (PCA),
the performing of the PCA comprising:
(i) standardizing the data;
(ii) obtaining eigenvectors and eigenvalues (d) from a covariance or correlation matrix of the data;
(iii) sorting the eigenvalues in descending order and choosing the eigenvectors that correspond to the k largest eigenvalues, where k is the number of dimensions of a new feature subspace (k?d);
iv) multiplying the received data and the eigenvectors to obtain a new data set;
v) re-orientating the new data set onto new axes of a plot to obtain a re-oriented data set; and
vi) plotting the re-oriented data set on the plot,
each thermocouple of the at least one thermocouple comprising a U-shape structure with a first side formed of chromium and a second side formed of aluminum,
each humidity sensor of the at least one humidity sensor comprising interdigitated electrodes formed of gold,
the micro-fuel cell sensor comprising a working electrode, a reference electrode, a counter electrode, and a proton exchange membrane (PEM),
the at least one humidity sensor comprising a first humidity sensor formed at a first corner on the first surface of the substrate and a second humidity sensor formed at a second corner on the first surface of the substrate,
the at least one thermocouple comprising a first thermocouple formed at a third corner on the first surface of the substrate and a second thermocouple formed at a fourth corner on the first surface of the substrate, and
the micro-fuel cell sensor being disposed on a central region of the first surface of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,712,305

GAS DETECTION APPARATUS HAVING AN ELECTROCHEMICAL GAS SENSOR AND GAS DETECTION METHOD THEREBY

Figaro Engineering Inc., ...

1. A gas detection apparatus having an electrochemical gas sensor comprising: an electrolyte membrane; a detection electrode and a counter electrode both provided on the membrane; and at least a gas permeable conductive membrane covering the detection electrode and the counter electrode, further comprising:an amplification circuit configured to amplify output of the electrochemical gas sensor;
a temperature sensor configured to measure an ambient temperature; and
a signal processing circuit configured and programmed
to carry out drift compensation, when the ambient temperature is above or equal to a predetermined temperature, comprising: generating and storing a standard value; increasing the standard value if output of said amplification circuit is larger than the standard value; and detecting a gas according to difference between the output of said amplification circuit and the standard value, and
to detect the gas according to the output of said amplification circuit without reference to the standard value when the ambient temperature is below the predetermined temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,712,304

MEMS SENSORS

Cirrus Logic, Inc., Aust...

1. An amplifier apparatus for amplifying an input signal from a MEMS capacitive sensor comprising:a sense node for receiving the input signal;
an antiphase signal generator for generating a second signal which is in antiphase with the input signal; and
an amplifier arrangement configured to receive the input signal at a first input and the second signal at a second input and to output corresponding first and second output signals,
wherein the amplifier arrangement comprises a first single-ended amplifier for amplifying the input signal, and
wherein the first amplifier comprise an input transistor with a gate terminal connected to the sense node and a bootstrap circuit for driving a drain terminal of the input transistor in phase with the first output signal.

US Pat. No. 10,712,303

LIQUID EXPOSURE SENSING DEVICE AND CONTROLLER

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

1. A liquid exposure sensing device, comprising:a first sensor configured to be coupled to a reference material;
wherein the first sensor configured to generate a first signal in response to either a liquid phase and/or vapor phase of a substance passing through the reference material;
a second sensor configured to be coupled to an exposed material;
wherein the second sensor configured to generate a second signal in response to the liquid phase and/or vapor phase of the substance passing through the exposed material; and
a controller coupled to the first and second sensors and configured to generate a liquid detection signal in response to a time delay between the first signal and the second signal that exceeds a threshold time delay.

US Pat. No. 10,712,302

ULTRA-COMPACT, PASSIVE, VARACTOR-BASED WIRELESS SENSOR USING QUANTUM CAPACITANCE EFFECT IN GRAPHENE

Regents of the University...

1. A sensor comprising:a graphene quantum capacitance varactor comprising:
an insulator layer;
a dielectric layer on the insulator layer;
a graphene layer on the dielectric layer; and
a molecule attached to either the graphene layer or a protective insulator on a surface of the graphene layer opposite the dielectric layer,
wherein capacitance of the graphene layer changes in response to a change in carrier concentration in the graphene layer upon exposure of the molecule to a sample.

US Pat. No. 10,712,301

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING AN ICING CONDITION STATUS OF AN ENVIRONMENT

1. A method for determining an icing condition value using at least a first sensing member and a second sensing member both being exposed to conditions in an environment, the method comprising:while at least the second sensing member is in an ice-free state, measuring a test value of a variable indicative of a thermal state of the first sensing member;
simultaneously to said measuring the test value, measuring a reference value of a variable indicative of a thermal state of the second sensing member;
processing at least both the measured test value and the measured reference value to determine the icing condition value and generating a signal based on the icing condition value; and
monitoring a time elapsed from a determination of a presence of icing until said icing condition value changes to an absence of icing,
wherein the icing condition value is indicative of the presence of icing and is based upon said processing yielding the determination that the measured test value is different from an expected value.

US Pat. No. 10,712,300

GAS SENSOR DEVICE, AND HEATING CURRENT CONTROL METHOD FOR GAS SENSOR DEVICE

HITACHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEM...

1. A gas sensor device that measures a physical quantity of gas based on a thin film formed in a part of a substrate; a detection heater formed in the thin film; a temperature compensation heater formed in the thin film so as to surround the detection heater; a detection heater-heating control circuit configured to control a heating temperature of the detection heater; a temperature compensation heater-heating control circuit configured to control a heating temperature of the temperature compensation heater to be set at a heating temperature lower than the heating temperature of the detection heater; and a radiation amount of the detection heater,wherein each of the detection heater-heating control circuit and the temperature compensation heater-heating control circuit controls a heating current so that a temperature difference between the heating temperature of the detection heater and the heating temperature of the temperature compensation heater reduces in response to a rise in temperature of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,712,299

DEFORMATION MEASURING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF EVALUATING DEFORMATION USING THEREOF

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A deformation measuring apparatus comprising:a holder which supports a specimen;
a contact portion disposed facing the holder and comprising a hemispherical tip;
a position controlling portion which adjusts a position of the contact portion along a thickness direction of the specimen to allow the hemispherical tip to be in contact with a surface of the specimen;
a heating chamber which surrounds the holder and the contact portion, wherein a temperature of inside of the heating chamber is controlled to heat the specimen to expand; and
a sensing portion which measures force applied on the tip of the contact portion by the expanded specimen when heated,
wherein the sensing portion measures the force applied on the tip of the contact portion while a position of the tip of the contact portion relative to the holder is fixed during the heating of the specimen.

US Pat. No. 10,712,298

INTEGRATED EPR NMR WITH FREQUENCY AGILE GYROTRON

Washington University, S...

1. A frequency agile gyrotron comprising:a controller;
a body defining an interaction cavity and an output window; and
an electron gun communicatively coupled to the controller and configured to emit an electron beam through a length of the interaction cavity to generate, at the output window, a broad-banded microwave output having a gyrotron bandwidth, wherein:
the controller is configured to receive a control signal,
the controller controls the electron gun in response to the control signal to generate the broad-banded microwave output on a timescale of microseconds,
the gyrotron bandwidth is wider than an electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) linewidth and an nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) frequency of a sample within the interaction cavity, and
the broad-banded microwave output controls EPR spins of the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,712,297

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SUPER-RESOLUTION SURFACE-LAYER MICROSCOPY USING MAGNETIC RESONANCE

NEW YORK UNIVERSITY, New...

24. A method of imaging a battery comprising:providing a casing having a least a portion comprising non-conducting material configured to allow radio frequency waves to pass through the portion;
exciting nuclear or electronic spins within a conducting region of the battery using a first frequency;
receiving a second frequency from the conducting region;
determining the length scales by the conductivity of the conducting region, the first frequency, and the second frequency;
obtaining a depth profile of the conducting region, the depth profile including a plurality of slices from a surface of the battery;
tuning a thickness of a slice of the plurality of slices; and
indirectly measuring the presence of the surface by characterizing signal distortions above the surface of the conducting region of the battery based on the thickness of the slice of the plurality of slices.

US Pat. No. 10,712,296

HANDHELD MATERIAL ANALYSER

ORION ENGINEERING LIMITED...

1. A handheld material analyser comprisingan air-tight chamber having an analysis aperture, the analysis aperture being surrounded by a seal suitable for forming a temporary air-tight seal against a material surface to be analysed;
an electron beam generation system comprising a focussed LED adapted to illuminate a photocathode, wherein the photocathode is located in the air-tight chamber and the electron beam generation system is adapted to direct a beam of electrons through the analysis aperture;
an Energy-Dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy system having a detector located in the air-tight chamber;
the air-tight chamber being adapted to operate at internal pressures between atmospheric pressure and a vacuum of the order of or below 1 Pa, and having
an outlet adapted to be connected to a vacuum pump; and
a gas inlet adapted to receive an inert gas for generating a plasma in the region of the photocathode, such that the plasma cleans the photocathode.

US Pat. No. 10,712,295

ELECTRON BEAM INSPECTION APPARATUS AND ELECTRON BEAM INSPECTION METHOD

NUFLARE TECHNOLOGY, INC.,...

1. An electron beam inspection apparatus comprising:a stage holding a substrate, a pattern being formed on a surface of the substrate;
an electron beam column irradiating the substrate with multiple beams including a plurality of electron beams such that adjacent irradiation regions irradiated with the electron beams have an overlap portion therebetween;
a first image storage unit storing a first inspection image acquired by irradiating a first inspection region of the substrate with the multiple beams;
a second image storage unit storing a second inspection image acquired by irradiating a second inspection region of the substrate with the multiple beams;
a correction coefficient storage unit storing a correction coefficient for correcting an image of the overlap portion;
an image correction unit correcting an image of the overlap portion of the first inspection image and an image of the overlap portion of the second inspection image, using the correction coefficient; and
a comparison unit comparing a corrected first inspection image with a corrected second inspection image.

US Pat. No. 10,712,294

X-RAY DIFFRACTION ANALYSIS METHOD AND X-RAY DIFFRACTION ANALYSIS APPARATUS

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. An X-ray diffraction analysis method comprising:placing a sample on a sample stage and acquiring a two-dimensional X-ray diffraction image from the sample using a two-dimensional detection circuit by irradiating the sample with an X-ray in a state where an X-ray irradiation angle is fixed;
specifying a plurality of collections of diffraction spots from the X-ray diffraction image as diffraction spot groups, each of the diffraction spot groups including the diffraction spots having respective ranges of diffraction angles;
counting the number of diffraction spots having predetermined intensity or more in each of the diffraction spot groups;
grouping the diffraction spot groups in such a manner that one or more diffraction spot groups having the same number of diffraction spots belong to the same group to make one or more groups; and
identifying one or more crystal phases contained in the sample based on one or more diffraction angles of the one or more diffraction spot groups which are included in the same group.

US Pat. No. 10,712,293

BACKSCATTER IMAGING FOR PRECISION AGRICULTURE

American Science and Engi...

1. A system for characterizing an amount of living plants comprising:a radiation source configured to generate a first pencil beam of penetrating radiation;
a mechanical manipulator device configured to control a movement of the first pencil beam, causing said first pencil beam to be scanned across at least one plant;
a detector array configured to detect Compton scatter from the at least one plant and generate a first scatter signal, wherein said mechanical manipulator device is further configured to monitor at least one of a position or an orientation of the first pencil beam in a frame of reference of the at least one plant and register an image of the first scatter signal with respect to the frame of reference of the at least one plant; and
a processing unit configured to:
process the first scatter signal to derive a first characteristic of the at least one plant; and
identify portions of the at least one plant based on the first characteristic, wherein the first characteristic comprises at least one of a water content, a root structure, a branch structure, a xylem size, a fruit size, a fruit shape, a fruit volume, a fruit mass, or a fruit maturity.

US Pat. No. 10,712,292

BACKSCATTER X-RAY INSPECTION SYSTEM FOR PIPES

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A scanning system comprising:a scanner configured to emit an x-ray beam, wherein the scanner comprises a shield configured to reduce backscatter; and
a controller in communication with the scanner, wherein:
the controller is configured to control the scanner to perform a scan;
the scan is performed on an elongate structure having a cavity with a fluid;
the scan produces data; and
the data is filtered to form filtered data, wherein:
a portion of the data attributable to the fluid is removed; and
the filtered data enables detection of an inconsistency on a wall of the elongate structure.

US Pat. No. 10,712,291

DETECTOR WITH REDUCED-SIZE EDGE PIXEL ELEMENTS

YXLON INTERNATIONAL GMBH,...

1. A detector comprising:a first sensor element (2a, 2a?, 2a?, 20a??), which has a plurality of first pixel elements (7a, 8a) arranged linearly one behind another, and a second sensor element (2b, 2b?, 2b?, 2b??), which has a plurality of second pixel elements (7b, 8b) arranged linearly one behind another,
wherein the first and second sensor elements (2a, 2a?, 2a?, 2a??, 2b, 2b?, 2b?, 2b??) are fitted next to one another, with the result that the second pixel elements (7b, 8b) are arranged in a line as an extension of the first pixel elements (7a, 8a),
the first pixel elements (7a, 8a) have first central pixel elements (7a) with a first width (b) which are arranged linearly one behind another at a first predetermined, substantially equidistant spacing (a) from one another, and the second pixel elements (7b, 8b) have second central pixel elements (7b) with a second width, which corresponds to the first width (b), wherein the second central pixel elements (7b) are arranged linearly one behind another at the first predetermined, substantially equidistant spacing (a) from one another, at which the first central pixel elements (7a) are arranged from one another, wherein a width of a pixel element corresponds to the dimension in the direction of the line defined by the pixel elements (7a, 8a, 7b, 8b) arranged one behind another,
wherein an inter-central-pixel spacing (i) between closest-together first and second central pixel elements (Z, 7a, 8a) of the sensor elements (2a, 2a?, 2a?, 2a??, 2b, 2b?, 2b?, 2b??) arranged next to one another corresponds to the following Formula 1:
i=n*(a+b)+a, wherein
i is the inter-central-pixel spacing, n is a natural number, a is the first predetermined, substantially equidistant spacing, and b is the respective width of the central pixel elements (7a), and
wherein in a gap between the closest-together first and second central pixel elements (Z, 7a, 7b) of the sensor elements (2a, 2a?, 2a?, 2a??, 2b, 2b?, 2b?, 2b??) arranged next to one another edge pixel elements (R, 8a, 8b) are provided, which are arranged linearly one behind another and in line with the first and second central pixel elements (Z, 7a, 7b), wherein the edge pixel elements (R, 8a, 8b) have a third width, which is smaller than the first and second widths of the first and second central pixel elements (Z, 7a, 7b).

US Pat. No. 10,712,290

TECHNIQUES FOR CONTROL OF NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING DEVICES VIA A PROBE DRIVER

General Electric Company,...

1. A non-destructive testing (NDT) system, comprising:a sensor;
a conduit section coupled to the sensor;
a screen configured to display the data from the sensor;
a probe driver comprising an input structure and a positioning element configured to position the conduit section, wherein the input structure is configured to actuate in response to a user input, and wherein upon actuation, the input structure generates a signal indicative of a positioning of the conduit section;
an articulating section coupled between the sensor and the conduit section and configured to position the sensor via a movement of a head end section; and
a processor configured to:
receive the signal indicative of a position of the conduit section; and
control one or more operations of the probe driver configured to operate the positioning element to orientate the conduit section in the position.

US Pat. No. 10,712,289

INSPECTION FOR MULTIPLE PROCESS STEPS IN A SINGLE INSPECTION PROCESS

KLA-Tencor Corp., Milpit...

1. A system configured to detect defects on a wafer, comprising:an optical subsystem comprising at least a light source and a detector, wherein the optical subsystem is configured to direct light generated by the light source to the wafer and to detect light from the wafer with the detector during an inspection process performed on the wafer to thereby generate output responsive to the light from the wafer, wherein the inspection process is performed after at least first and second process steps have been performed on the wafer, wherein inspection of the wafer is not performed between the first and second process steps, wherein first patterned features in a first portion of a design for the wafer are formed on the wafer in the first process step, wherein second patterned features in a second portion of the design for the wafer are formed on the wafer in the second process step, wherein the first and second portions of the design are mutually exclusive in space on the wafer, and Wherein the first and second patterned features have non-overlapping positions in the x and y directions; and
one or more computer subsystems configured for:
receiving the output generated by the detector responsive to the light detected by the detector;
detecting defects on the wafer based on the output;
determining positions of the defects with respect to the first and second patterned features in the first and second portions of the design based on the non-overlapping positions of the first and second patterned features in the x and y directions;
determining the portion of the design that the defects are positioned on or in using information about which of the first and second patterned features are included in which of the first and second portions of the design thereby correlating the defects to the first and second portions of the design that correspond to the first and second process steps; and
associating different portions of the defects with the first or second process step based on the positions of the defects with respect to the first and second patterned features in the first and second portions of the design by correlating the defects to the first and second process steps based on results of said correlating the defects to the first and second portions of the design, wherein the one or more computer subsystems comprise one or more processors executing instructions from a memory medium.

US Pat. No. 10,712,288

SURFACE DAMAGE INSPECTION SYSTEM FOR WORKPIECE

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A surface damage inspection system for a workpiece comprising:an illumination unit including four illumination elements that emit light simultaneously to an inspection target surface of a surface of a workpiece as an inspection target from four directions including frontward and rearward directions in an X direction and rightward and leftward directions in a Y direction perpendicular to the X direction in a front view of the inspection target surface;
an imaging unit that captures an image of the inspection target surface from a Z direction facing the inspection target surface;
a damage detection unit that detects damage at the inspection target surface using the image of the inspection target surface acquired by the imaging unit;
a robot to which a damage inspection device including the illumination unit and the damage detection unit is attached;
a table on which the workpiece as the inspection target is to be placed; and
a controller that controls drive of the robot, wherein
the controller controls drive of the robot and the damage inspection device so as to make the damage inspection device inspect the workpiece as the inspection target on the table or the workpiece as the inspection target retrieved from the table and held by the robot.

US Pat. No. 10,712,287

INSPECTION DEVICE AND INSPECTION METHOD

LASERTEC CORPORATION, Yo...

1. An inspection device comprising: a detector for inspection configured to include a plurality of pixels arranged on a light receiving surface including a transfer direction and a direction orthogonal to the transfer direction, and acquire image data by transferring charge produced by light received by the plurality of pixels in the transfer direction at a specified transfer timing; a light source configured to emit illumination light including pulsed light; a pulse enable circuit configured to control an emission timing for the light source to emit the illumination light based on the transfer timing; an illumination optical system configured to illuminate an object to be inspected with the illumination light; a condensing optical system configured to condense, on the detector for inspection, light from the object to be inspected illuminated with the illumination light; and a processing unit configured to inspect the object to be inspected by using the image data of the object to be inspected.

US Pat. No. 10,712,285

THREE-DIMENSIONAL OBJECT INSPECTING DEVICE

TORAY ENGINEERING CO., LT...

1. A three-dimensional object inspecting device for inspecting a three-dimensional object, the three-dimensional object inspecting device comprising:a light source configured to emit light energy toward an inspection region set for the three-dimensional object;
a detector configured to detect radiant energy radiated from the inspection region;
an orientation information acquisition component configured to acquire orientation information about the light source and the detector with respect to the inspection region;
a three-dimensional shading corrector configured to perform three-dimensional shading correction on information corresponding to the radiant energy detected by the detector, based on shape information about the three-dimensional object in the inspection region, the orientation information about the light source and the detector with respect to the inspection region, and shading correction information for a planar image detected by the detector for each of a plurality of working distances; and
an inspection component configured to perform an inspection based on the information on which the three-dimensional shading correction has been performed.

US Pat. No. 10,712,283

LIQUID HOLDING APPARATUS FOR INSERTION OF A TEST DEVICE INTO A TEST LIQUID

Quantimetrix, Redondo Be...

1. A testing apparatus for an elongated test strip comprising:a) a front wall and a rear wall sealed together proximate their peripheral edges;
b) a single elongated space between the front and rear wall and having peripheral edges inwardly from the peripheral edges of the wall, the elongated space having a top portion;
c) test liquid without any test strip in the elongated space, wherein the test liquid is in an amount of no more than about 80% of the total capacity of the elongated space;
d) an access section at the top portion of the elongated space for insertion of the test strip into the test liquid, the access section having a lower stop-peel border;
e) a peelable lamination between the front and rear walls, the peelable lamination having a first peel strength and peelable by finger strength so that the access section is accessible for one-time use by peeling the front wall from the rear wall by finger strength; and
f) a stop-peel lamination between the front and rear walls, the stop-peel lamination being below the peelable lamination and proximate to the elongated space and extending to the lower stop-peel border of the access section to provide a permanent seal, the stop-peel lamination having a second peel strength greater than the first peel strength so that the finger strength for peeling the peelable lamination does not peel the stop-peel lamination for preventing leakage of test liquid from the elongated space, wherein the stop-peel lamination comprises multiple vertical striations extending along the peripheral edges of the elongated space and the single elongated space is at least 90 mm in length as measured from the access section.

US Pat. No. 10,712,281

METHOD FOR DETECTING COMPOSITION OF STEEL SAMPLE BY USING MULTI-PULSE LASER-INDUCED PLASMA SPECTROMETER

Academy of Opto-Electroni...

1. A method for detecting steel sample components by using a laser induced plasma spectral analysis device, wherein the spectral analysis device comprises a laser device, wherein the laser device is an all-solid-state regeneration amplifier picosecond laser; and by means of switching between a regeneration amplification technology and a Q-switching manner, output of the laser induced light source with a picosecond pulse width is realized by using the regeneration amplification technology, and output of the laser induced light source with a nanosecond pulse width is realized in the Q-switching manner, a laser import system, a spectrum export and collecting system, a spectroscopic system, and a spectrum receiving system; wherein the spectrum export and collecting system comprises a spectrum export subsystem and a spectrum collecting subsystem, the laser and the spectrum receiving system are controlled by instructions sent by a same pulse generator; the laser device transmits laser, which is focused on the sample by means of the laser import system, so that plasmas are formed on the surface of the sample to generate laser induced spectrums, and generated fluorescence is exported to the spectrum collecting subsystem by means of the spectrum export subsystem; the collected spectrums are calculated, processed, and analyzed, so as to perform qualitative and quantitative testing of elements contained in the sample; the method comprises the following steps:1) output of the laser induced light source with a nanosecond pulse width, so that the output nanosecond laser pulse is focused on the sample by means of the laser import system, and plasmas are formed on the surface of the sample;
2) output of the laser induced light source with a picosecond pulse width, so that the output picosecond laser pulse is also focused on the sample by means of the laser import system, and spectral line emission is enhanced through the plasmas formed by irradiation of the nanosecond laser pulse, to generate laser induced spectrums with enhanced spectral lines;
3) the fluorescence from the generated induced spectrums is exported to the spectrum collecting subsystem by means of the spectrum export subsystem; and
4) the collected spectrums are calculated, processed, and analyzed, so as to perform qualitative and quantitative testing of elements contained in the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,712,280

HEATED NANO FINGER COLLAPSE FOR CAPTURE OF MOLECULES IN GAS FOR SENSING

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. An apparatus comprising:a gas flow source;
a gas conduit to direct a flow of gas from the gas flow source;
a surface enhanced luminescence (SEL) stage within the conduit, the stage comprising: a substrate; and
nano fingers projecting from the substrate; and a heater to heat the nano fingers to a temperature so as to soften the nano fingers such that the nano fingers collapse towards each other to capture molecules entrained in the gas therebetween for being sensed.

US Pat. No. 10,712,279

ACTIVATABLE SURFACE ENHANCED RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY SENSOR STAGE

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A surface enhanced luminescence (SEL) sensing system comprising: an activatable SEL sensor stage comprising: a substrate; cation metal-based material masses supported by the substrate, the cation metal-based material masses at different locations along a surface of the substrate; diffusion barriers separating and isolating the cation metal-based masses, the diffusion barriers comprising a solid diffusion barrier material having a diffusion coefficient less than a diffusion coefficient of the cation metal-based material masses and surrounding sides of each of the cation metal-based material masses; and a dielectric capping layer over the cation metal-based material masses to inhibit oxidation of the cation metal-based material masses.

US Pat. No. 10,712,278

ANALYTE DETECTION PACKAGE WITH INTEGRATED LENS

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

10. A method comprising:providing an analyte detection package having a chamber, a surface enhanced luminescence analyte stage within the chamber and an opening in communication with an interior of the chamber; and
connecting a lens to the analyte detection package such that the lens is integrated as part of the package and extends opposite the opening, wherein connecting the lens to the analyte detection package comprises filling the opening with a lens forming material.

US Pat. No. 10,712,277

RAMAN IMAGING DEVICES AND METHODS OF MOLECULAR IMAGING

The Board of Trustees of ...

1. A method of imaging, comprising:administering at least two types of Raman agents to a subject, wherein at least one of the two types of Raman agents has a specific affinity for a specific target;
introducing a Raman imaging device into the subject;
positioning the Raman imaging device adjacent the specific target inside the subject;
exposing the specific target inside the subject to a light beam from the Raman imaging device, wherein the light beam is scattered by the first type of Raman agent that associated with the specific target, wherein the light beam that is scattered is referred to as a Raman scattered light energy; and
detecting the Raman scattered light inside the subject using the Raman imaging device, using the Raman scattered light energy to form an image; and
analyzing the scattered light to determine the type of Raman agent, wherein the type of Raman agent determines the specific target detected,
wherein one of the at least two types of Raman agent is not target-specific, and wherein the method further comprises analyzing the scattered light to determine the ratio of the specific binding Raman agent to non-specific binding Raman agent, wherein the ratio provides an estimate of the bound Raman agents.

US Pat. No. 10,712,276

DEVICE FOR IMAGING 1-D NANOMATERIALS

Tsinghua University, Bei...

1. A device for imaging one-dimensional (1-D) nanomaterials, comprising:a first light source and a second light source, the first light source is configured to provide a first incident light with a continuous spectrum and the second light source is configured to provide a second incident light with a continuous spectrum, the first incident light and the second incident light are not parallel to each other;
a microscope with a liquid immersion objective; and
a carrier, configured to contain a 1-D nanomaterials sample and a liquid, both the 1-D nanomaterials sample and the liquid immersion objective are immersed in the liquid during imaging.

US Pat. No. 10,712,275

HAND-HELD SYNCHRONOUS SCAN SPECTROMETER FOR IN SITU DETECTION OF PATHOGENS AND MINERAL DEFICIENCY IN BLOOD

6. A method for identifying bacterial strains, fungi and/or viruses of a sample in situ, the method comprising using a hand-held spectrometer that includes a radiation source, a first component positioned to receive light from the radiation source and operable to direct a range of wavelengths of light from the radiation source towards the sample, a second component positioned to receive fluoresced light from the sample, and a detector positioned to receive light output from the second component, to:(i) excite the sample with radiation causing it to fluoresce;
(ii) receive light emitted by the sample at a diffraction grating of he second component to generate dispersed light;
(iii) record spectral data at the detector, the spectral data generated in response to the dispersed light received from the diffraction grating of the second component; and
(iv) generate a fluorescence spectral plot based on the spectral data, the fluorescent spectral plot made up of a plurality of peaks, among which are peaks that correspond to the bacterial strains, fungi and/or viruses of the sample,
wherein the method further comprises in response to the recorded spectral data, using the hand-held spectrometer to generate, at a controller. principal component analysis (PCA) data corresponding to the sample, and
wherein the method further comprises using the hand-held spectrometer to render at least one of a two dimensional spectrum and a three dimensional spectrum at a graphical user interface (GUI) of the hand-held spectrometer based on the recorded spectral data; and indicating, through the GUI, a ratio of dead pathogens to live pathogens in the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,712,271

PLASMONIC MICROPILLAR ARRAY WITH EMBEDDED NANOPARTICLES FOR LARGE AREA CELL FORCE SENSING

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A method of fabricating a cell force sensor platform comprising a plurality of micropillars, wherein micropillars comprising said plurality of micropillars each have a single plasmonic nanoparticle disposed at the tip, said method comprising:preparing an array of wells that form a negative mold for a micropillar array;
depositing a metal nanofilm over said negative mold wherein said metal nanofilm comprises the metal that will form the nanoparticles;
removing the metal on the mold surface leaving metal microdisks in the bottom of the wells of said negative mold;
filling the negative mold with a polymer that is to form the micropillars; and
melting the microdisks which transfer onto the tips of the micropillars formed by said polymer; and
removing the micropillar array from the negative mold.

US Pat. No. 10,712,269

OPTOMECHANICAL PART FOR PARABOLIC MIRROR FINE ROTATION AND ON-AXIS LINEAR POSITIONING

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. An opto-mechanical setup comprising:an opto-mechanical apparatus comprising:
a hollow housing member having a first end and a second end, the housing member having a longitudinal axis;
a parabolic mirror positioned on a side of the first end of the housing member; and
a mirror adjustment mechanism attached to the second end of the housing member, the mirror adjustment mechanism connected to the parabolic mirror through the housing member, the mirror adjustment mechanism configured to simultaneously adjust an axial position of the parabolic mirror along the longitudinal axis and a radial position of the parabolic mirror about the longitudinal axis;
a light source configured to produce a light beam, the opto-mechanical apparatus configured to guide the light beam to an optical target, wherein the optical target generates a laser-induced fluorescence signal responsive to being irradiated by the light beam; and
a detector configured to receive at least a portion of the laser-induced fluorescence signal.

US Pat. No. 10,712,268

TURN-ON NEAR INFRARED FLUORESCENT PROBES FOR IMAGING LYSOSOMAL ROS IN LIVE CELLS AT SUBCELLULAR RESOLUTION

University of Massachuset...

1. A compound with the structure:

US Pat. No. 10,712,266

OPTICAL TEST APPARATUS, SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, AND OPTICAL TEST METHOD

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. An optical test apparatus comprising:a first laser configured to irradiate a first surface region of a test object with a pump beam having a first wavelength which is transmitted through a first region including the first surface region and a first inner region adjacent to the first surface region and absorbed by an absorber arranged in the first inner region, wherein a minimum beam diameter of the pump beam is larger than the absorber;
a second laser configured to irradiate a second surface region outside the first surface region with a probe beam having a second wavelength which is reflected by the second surface region; and
a photodetector configured to receive the probe beam reflected by the second surface region.

US Pat. No. 10,712,265

ACTIVE REAL-TIME CHARACTERIZATION SYSTEM PROVIDING SPECTRALLY BROADBAND CHARACTERIZATION

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. A system for providing active real-time characterization of an article under test, comprising:at least one visible light source for outputting a beam of visible light, the at least one visible light source configured to direct the beam of visible light at a particular area on the article under test;
a broadband infrared light source for outputting a beam of broadband infrared light, the broadband infrared light source configured to direct the beam of broadband infrared light at the particular area on the article under test;
a broadband infrared light detector configured to receive a first predetermined return beam of light from the particular area on the article under test and configured to generate first signals based on broadband infrared light frequencies of the first predetermined return beam of light;
a visible light second harmonic generation camera configured to receive a second predetermined return beam of light from the particular area, the second predetermined return beam of light comprising a first broadband mixed signal generated by the beam of visible light and the beam of broadband infrared light, and the visible light second harmonic generation camera configured to generate second signals based on visible light frequencies of the first broadband mixed signal; and
a processor coupled to receive the first signals from the broadband infrared light detector and the second signals from the visible light second harmonic generation camera, the processor configured to calculate in real time a spectrally sensitive signal based on the first signals and a second harmonic generation spectroscopic signal based on the second signals, the processor configured to analyze the calculated spectrally sensitive signal and the second harmonic generation spectroscopic signal to ensure that the article under test conforms to an expected value.

US Pat. No. 10,712,263

SMOKE DETECTION USING TWO DIFFERENT WAVELENGTHS OF LIGHT AND ADDITIONAL DETECTION FOR MEASUREMENT CORRECTION

VALOR FIRE SAFETY, LLC, ...

1. A method of smoke detection utilizing (a) one or more light emitters and (b) one or more light detectors, the method comprising:acquiring a first unilluminated measurement of light including a first wavelength and a second wavelength longer than the first wavelength without emitting light of approximately the first wavelength or light of approximately the second wavelength from the one or more light emitters;
acquiring a measurement of light including the first wavelength from a first sampling volume while emitting light of approximately the first wavelength with at least one said light emitter;
acquiring a measurement of light including the second wavelength from a second sampling volume while emitting light of approximately the second wavelength with at least one said light emitter;
correcting the measurement of light including the first wavelength based at least in part on the first unilluminated measurement of light including the first wavelength and the second wavelength, thereby producing a corrected first-wavelength measurement;
correcting the measurement of light including the second wavelength based at least in part on the first unilluminated measurement of light including the first wavelength and the second wavelength, thereby producing a corrected second-wavelength measurement; and
detecting the presence of smoke particles based on the corrected first-wavelength measurement and the corrected second-wavelength measurement.

US Pat. No. 10,712,262

RARE EARTH SOLUTION IMAGE CAPTURE DEVICE AND METHOD

EAST CHINA JIAOTONG UNIVE...

1. A rare earth solution image capture device, comprising:a mixer-settler, a support platform, a camera obscura, a solution collection vessel, a color camera, a light source, a computer, a programmable logic controller, a motor driver, a peristaltic pump, and a conduit pipe,
wherein:
the mixer-settler and the solution collection vessel are used to accommodate rare earth solution;
the support platform, the solution collection vessel, the color camera, and the light source are all disposed in the camera obscura;
the solution collection vessel is disposed on the support platform;
the color camera directly faces the solution collection vessel;
the light source is disposed right above the solution collection vessel;
an output end of the color camera is electrically connected to the computer;
the computer is electrically connected to the programmable logic controller;
the programmable logic controller is electrically connected to the motor driver;
the motor driver is electrically connected to the peristaltic pump;
one end of the conduit pipe is communicated with the solution collection vessel;
the other end of the conduit pipe is communicated with the rare earth solution;
the peristaltic pump is stuck on the conduit pipe;
the camera obscura is used to isolate an external light source;
the color camera is used to capture a real-time image of the rare earth solution in the solution collection vessel;
the computer is used to perform processing on the real-time image captured by the color camera;
the programmable logic controller is used to control the motor driver;
the motor driver is used to drive the peristaltic pump; and
the peristaltic pump is used to transfer the rare earth solution in the mixer-settler to the solution collection vessel, or transfer the rare earth solution in the solution collection vessel to the mixer-settler.

US Pat. No. 10,712,261

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINATION AND APPLICATION OF NITROGEN FERTILIZER USING CROP CANOPY MEASUREMENTS

Arable Labs, Inc., Princ...

1. A method of determining a nitrogen requirement for vegetation in a field, comprising:determining a nitrogen level of a plant canopy of the field based on a measured reflectance received at a measuring device comprising a spectrometer measuring light in two or more wavelengths;
determining a biomass of the plant canopy of the field based on the measured reflectance; and
determining a nitrogen requirement of the vegetation based on the determined nitrogen level of the plant canopy and the biomass of the plant canopy.

US Pat. No. 10,712,260

MONOLITHIC INTEGRATION DEVICE AND MICRO TOTAL ANALYSIS SYSTEM COMPRISING A MICRO-FLUIDIC FLOW CHANNEL

GOERTEK INC., Weifang, S...

1. A monolithic integration device for sensing, comprising:a micro-LED;
an optical detector; and
a sensing channel,
wherein the micro-LED is coupled with the sensing channel and is configured for emitting light into the sensing channel, and the optical detector is coupled with the sensing channel and is configured for sensing the light which is emitted by the micro-LED and travels through at least one part of the sensing channel, and
wherein the sensing channel is a micro-fluidic channel in which micro-fluidics can flow.

US Pat. No. 10,712,259

PHOTOACOUSTIC SENSOR SYSTEM AND METHODOLOGY FOR DETECTING TARGET MOLECULES

1. A photoacoustic sensor system for detecting target molecules in air samples or compressed air samples, comprising:a photoacoustic spectroscopy cell comprising:
an acoustic resonator comprising an upper circular plate and a lower circular plate arranged in conjunction and separated by a predetermined distance or height to form a cylindrical resonant cavity,
an air or compressed air sampling system configured for directing a flow of air or compressed air through the cylindrical resonant cavity; and
a first microphone arranged substantially at a center of one of the upper and lower circular plates for generating a first photoacoustic signal in response to absorption of modulated light within the cylindrical resonant cavity and a second microphone arranged at a circumferential edge of the one of the upper and lower circular plates for generating a second photoacoustic signal in response to the absorption of modulated light within the cylindrical resonant cavity;
a light source configured to direct a modulated light beam through the cylindrical resonant cavity of the photoacoustic spectroscopy cell.

US Pat. No. 10,712,258

CUVETTE HAVING HIGH OPTICAL TRANSMISSIVITY AND METHOD OF FORMING

California Institute of T...

1. An optical element comprising a body having:a first wall having a first surface that defines a first plane and a second surface that defines a second plane, wherein the first surface comprises a first material;
a second wall having a third surface that defines a third plane and a fourth surface that defines a fourth plane; and
a first plurality of features that collectively define a first geometric anti-reflection layer, each feature extending from a first base at the first plane to a tip;
wherein the second surface and third surface define at least a portion of a chamber for holding a test sample;
wherein a flat surface comprising the first material is characterized by a first reflectivity for a first light signal; and
wherein the first geometric anti-reflection layer and the first surface are collectively characterized by a second reflectivity for the first light signal that is lower than the first reflectivity.

US Pat. No. 10,712,257

INSPECTION DEVICE AND INSPECTION CAGE UNIT THEREOF

WISTRON CORP., New Taipe...

1. An inspection device, comprising:a platform;
a cage, disposed on the platform, wherein the cage comprises a first transparent side and a second transparent side, and the first transparent side and the second transparent side are not coplanar;
a holder, disposed in the cage; and
an image capturing module, capturing a first image from the first transparent side, or capturing a second image from the second transparent side,
wherein the platform comprises a rotational plate, an actuator and a transmission unit, the actuator is connected to the transmission unit, the transmission unit is connected to the rotational plate, the actuator moves the transmission unit, and the transmission unit rotates the rotational plate.

US Pat. No. 10,712,256

CORROSIVE ENVIRONMENT MONITORING DEVICE AND METHOD

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

1. A corrosive environment monitoring device comprising:a housing having an opening in one side thereof, other sides of the housing than the one side being sealed to form space inside the housing;
a first thin metal film extending in a direction from a bottom of the space toward the opening, the first thin metal film being resistant to corrosion by a corrosive substance and serving as a supporting member;
a second thin metal film extending in the space in a direction from the bottom of the space toward the opening and being supported by the first thin-film metal, the second thin metal film being susceptible to corrosion by the corrosive substance and serving as a measuring member; and
terminals being disposed at both ends of the first thin metal film, where an external voltage is to be applied to the terminals,
the first thin metal film including one first thin metal film extending in a direction from the bottom of the space toward the opening,
the second thin metal film being disposed on one or both sides of the one first thin metal film and extending in the space in a direction from the bottom toward the opening.

US Pat. No. 10,712,255

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MICROFLUIDIC PARTICLE ORIENTATION AND/OR SORTING

Engender Technologies Lim...

1. A microfluidic particle orientation and sorting system comprising:at least one channel configured for flowing a fluid flow received from at least one input source;andat least one orientation stage arranged downstream from the at least one input source and comprising at least one optical waveguide configured to expose particles contained in the flow to radiation pressure for causing the particles to adopt a particular orientation in the flow.

US Pat. No. 10,712,253

SIMULATION DEVICE FOR INTERACTION BETWEEN DEEP RESERVOIR ROCK AND FLUID IN BASIN AND METHOD FOR USING SAME

Northwest Institute of Ec...

1. A simulation device for interaction between deep reservoir rock and fluid in a basin, comprising an automatic control unit, a heating unit, a pressurizing unit, an analysis metering unit, and a peripheral auxiliary unit; wherein an output end of the automatic control unit is electrically connected to input ends of the heating unit, the pressurizing unit, and the peripheral auxiliary unit in a unidirectional manner; an output end of the analysis metering unit is electrically connected to an input end of the automatic control unit in a one-way direction;the heating unit comprises a stand (1) and a box type heater (2); each of two sides of the stand (1) is fixedly mounted with a heating tube (3), a temperature-control thermocouple (4), a temperature-measurement thermocouple (5), and a power supply (6); at a back of the box type heater (2) is fixedly mounted with a motor (7) and a fan (8); a right side of the box type heater (2) is connected to a control panel (9) through a conducting line; the heating tube (3), the temperature-control thermocouple (4), the temperature-measurement thermocouple (5), and the power supply (6) are connected to a heating button and a temperature controller head T on a surface of the control panel (9) through a conducting line; on a top of the box type heater (2) is fixedly mounted with an upper oil cylinder (10); a lithostatic compression rod (11) is provided in a bottom of the upper oil cylinder (10); in a bottom of the box type heater (2) is fixedly mounted with a lower oil cylinder (12); a lithostatic push rod (13) is provided on a top of the lower oil cylinder (12); an upper condenser jacket (14) is provided on a surface of the lithostatic compression rod (11); a lower condenser jacket (15) is provided on a surface of the lithostatic push rod (13); a surface of the upper condenser jacket (14) is communicated with a water outlet silicone tube (16); a surface of the lower condenser jacket (15) is communicated with a water inlet silicone tube (17); ends of the water outlet silicone tube (16) and the water inlet silicone tube (17) away from the box type heater (2) are communicated with a circulating water condenser (18), respectively;
the pressurizing unit comprises a hydraulic unit oil pump (19) and a micro-regulating back-pressure system (20); the hydraulic unit oil pump (19) is communicated with the upper oil cylinder (10) through an inlet hydraulic oil pipe (21); the hydraulic unit oil pump (19) is communicated with the lower oil cylinder (12) through an outlet hydraulic oil pipe (22); an upper oil cylinder inner piston (23) is fixedly connected with a top of the lithostatic compression rod (11) and is located inside the upper oil cylinder (10); a lower oil cylinder inner piston (24) is fixedly connected with a bottom of the lithostatic push rod (13) and is located inside the lower oil cylinder (12); in the box type heater (2) is provided with a sample chamber (25); a sample is provided inside the sample chamber (25); metal filters (26) located inside the sample chamber (25) are movably connected with two ends of the sample; inside the box type heater (2) is fixedly mounted with a high-temperature high-pressure kettle (27); the sample chamber (25) is movably connected with the inside of the high-temperature high-pressure kettle (27); each of two ends of the sample chamber (25) is respectively provided with a sealing element (28), an upper pressing jacket (29), and a lower pressing jacket (30); the lithostatic compression rod (11) is in contact with the upper pressing jacket (29); in a bottom of the high-temperature high-pressure kettle (27) is provided with a lower end cover (31); a top of the lithostatic push rod (13) passes through the lower end cover (31) and is in contact with the lower pressing jacket (30); an outlet conduit of the high-temperature high-pressure kettle (27) passes through the upper pressing jacket (29) and is communicated with an upper right-angle elbow pipe (32); and an inlet conduit of the high-temperature high-pressure kettle (27) passes through the lower pressing jacket (30) and is communicated with a lower right-angle elbow pipe (33).

US Pat. No. 10,712,252

RESERVOIR DEPLETION/INJECTION SIMULATION UNDER TRUE TRIAXIAL STRESS CONDITIONS

1. A system for simulating depletion/injection processes under true triaxial stress conditions, the system comprising:a vertical loading mechanism comprising:
a vertical loading platen located above a cubical rock specimen in contact with an upper face of the cubical rock specimen;
a vertical loading rod in contact with the vertical loading platen; and
a vertical actuator coupled with the vertical loading rod, the vertical actuator and the vertical loading rod configured to apply a constant vertical stress to the upper face of the cubical rock specimen by actuating the vertical loading platen downwardly along a vertical axis;
a first horizontal loading mechanism comprising:
a first loading platen in contact with a first lateral face of the cubical rock specimen;
a second loading platen in contact with a second opposing lateral face of the cubical rock specimen;
a first loading rod in contact with the first loading platen;
a second loading rod in contact with the second loading platen, the second loading rod attached to a stationary frame; and
a first horizontal actuator coupled with the first loading rod, the first horizontal actuator and the first loading rod configured to actuate the first loading platen along a first horizontal axis thereby urging the first loading platen and the second loading platen relatively toward one another to compress the cubical rock specimen along the first horizontal axis;
a second horizontal loading mechanism comprising:
a third loading platen in contact with a third lateral face of the cubical rock specimen;
a fourth loading platen in contact with a fourth opposing lateral face of the cubical rock specimen;
a third loading rod in contact with the third loading platen;
a fourth loading rod in contact with the fourth loading platen, the fourth loading rod attached to a stationary frame; and
a second horizontal actuator coupled with the third loading rod, the second horizontal actuator and the third loading rod configured to actuate the third loading platen along a second horizontal axis thereby urging the third loading platen and the fourth loading platen relatively toward one another to compress the cubical rock specimen along the second horizontal axis;
a first linear variable displacement transducer (LVDT) comprising a first core movable within a first housing, the first housing attached to the first horizontal loading rod and the first core coupled with the second horizontal loading rod, the first LVDT configured to measure relative displacement of the first horizontal loading rod and the second horizontal loading rod along the first horizontal axis; and
a second LVDT comprising a second core movable within a second housing, the second housing attached to the third horizontal loading rod and the second core coupled with the fourth horizontal loading rod, the second LVDT configured to measure relative displacement of the third horizontal loading rod and the fourth horizontal loading rod along the second horizontal axis.

US Pat. No. 10,712,251

SYSTEM FOR ESTIMATING PLANAR DROP SIZES

1. A method comprising:forming a plurality of laser sheets from respective laser light generated by a plurality of laser light sources, each respective laser light directed to a lens;
supplying the laser sheet to a spray of liquid causing an amount of scattered light to emit from the spray;
sensing the scattered light with a plurality of sensing elements at a plurality of respective view angles;
measuring a scattered intensity of the scattered light sensed from the spray at the plurality of respective view angles; and
obtaining drop sizes in the spray from the measured scattered intensity.

US Pat. No. 10,712,250

DIFFUSION MONITORING PROTOCOL FOR OPTIMIZED TISSUE FIXATION

Ventana Medical Systems, ...

1. A system for monitoring diffusion of a fixative into a tissue sample, said system comprising:(a) a signal analyzer containing a processor (105) and a memory coupled to the processor, wherein the memory stores computer-executable instructions that cause the processor to perform operations comprising:
(a1) fitting a time of flight (TOF) trace to a single exponential curve, the TOF trace comprising a plurality of TOF measurements of an ultrasonic signal transmitted through the tissue sample at a plurality of time points the TOF trace, and
(a2) calculating the rate of diffusion at each time point by:
calculating a derivative of the single exponential curve; and
optionally, normalizing the derivative by dividing the derivative by an amplitude of the signal at the time point.

US Pat. No. 10,712,249

HIGH-TEMPERATURE, HIGH-PRESSURE, AND LOW-VELOCITY GAS MICROTUBE VISCOSITY MEASURING APPARATUS AND MEASURING METHOD THEREOF

CHINA UNIVERSITY OF PETRO...

1. A high-temperature, high-pressure, and low-velocity gas microtube viscosity measuring apparatus, comprising:a thermotank;
a fluid filtering and measuring device, including a filter, a microtube connector, a flow rate measuring liquid storage tank, an automatic micro-flow rate metering device, and an intermediate container connected in order and in series via pipelines, a viscosity measuring microtube being axially fixed inside the microtube connector, the filter, the microtube connector, and the flow rate measuring liquid storage tank being located in the thermotank, and two ends of the viscosity measuring microtube being in communication with the pipelines at two ends of the microtube connector, respectively;
a micro-pressure difference metering device, two ends of which are connected to the pipelines at the two ends of the microtube connector via detection pipelines, respectively; and
a data acquisition and processing system electrically connected to the micro-pressure difference metering device and the automatic micro-flow rate metering device to receive pressure difference data and flow rate data.

US Pat. No. 10,712,248

APPARATUS FOR MEASURING DISENTRAINMENT RATE OF AIR

Kuwait University, Safat...

8. A Confined Plunging Liquid Jet Reactor (CPLJR), comprising:a fluid reservoir having a ceiling;
a receiving pool of liquid disposed in the fluid reservoir;
a downcomer column having an upper end and a lower end, the column being tubular and extending through the ceiling of the reservoir, the lower end being partially immersed in the receiving pool of liquid;
a nozzle mounted at the upper end of the downcomer column above the receiving pool of liquid;
a liquid pump connected to the nozzle for pumping a liquid jet from the nozzle down the downcomer column into the receiving pool of liquid;
a conical ring disposed in the downcomer column between the nozzle and the receiving pool of liquid, the conical ring defining a central opening for passage of the liquid jet through the conical ring into the receiving pool of liquid, the conical ring abutting and being sealed against the downcomer column, the conical ring defining a headspace in the column above the receiving pool of liquid for receiving gas entrained in the liquid jet and subsequently disentrained in the downcomer column; and
a gas inlet conduit opening into the downcomer column between the conical ring and the nozzle for introducing a gas to be entrained in the liquid jet into the downcomer column.

US Pat. No. 10,712,247

OPGW SINGLE WIRE TORSIONAL FATIGUE TEST METHOD, APPARATUS AND STORAGE MEDIUM

CHINA ELECTRIC POWER RESE...

1. An optical fiber composite overhead ground wire (OPGW) single wire torsional test method, comprising:acquiring a preset torsional angle and a preset cycle number of torsions of an OPGW single wire;
sequentially and alternately applying forward and backward torsional forces to the OPGW single wire according to the preset torsional angle; and
stopping torsional force application to the OPGW single wire when a number of application times of the torsional forces reaches the preset cycle number of torsions;
wherein the sequentially and alternately applying forward and backward torsional forces to the OPGW single wire according to the preset torsional angle comprises:
applying the forward torsional force to the OPGW single wire, and twisting the OPGW single wire to the preset torsional angle to complete a forward twist; and
applying the backward torsional force whose value is equivalent to that of the forward torsional force to the OPGW single wire, and twisting the OPGW single wire in an opposite direction to the preset torsional angle to complete a backward twist.

US Pat. No. 10,712,246

SAMPLE INTRODUCING DEVICE AND ANALYZING DEVICE PROVIDED THEREWITH

SHIMADZU CORPORATION, Ky...

1. A sample introducing device for introducing a sample intoan analyzing portion, comprising:
a sample tube filled with a sample component;
a first heating portion for desorbing, through heating, the sample component that is filled within the sample tube;
a trap for trapping the sample component that has desorbed from the sample tube; a second heating portion for desorbing, through heating, the sample component within the trap;
a carrier gas flow path for introducing, through a carrier gas, the sample component that has been desorbed from within the trap into the analyzing portion;
a first flow path switching mechanism, comprising a six-way valve, for switching the carrier gas flow path between a state wherein the sample component is desorbed from the trap and introduced into the analyzing portion and a state after the sample component is introduced into the analyzing portion and the sample component is not trapped within the trap; and
a split flow path for carrying a portion of both the sample component and the carrier gas, that is being introduced from within the trap into the analyzing portion through the carrier gas flow path, into the sample tube, wherein the carrier gas flow path of at least from the trap to the analyzing portion is shared in the state wherein the sample component is desorbed from the trap and is introduced into the analyzing portion and a state after the sample component is introduced into the analyzing portion and the sample component is not trapped within the trap.

US Pat. No. 10,712,245

FILTRATION SYSTEM FOR LIQUID SAMPLES

1. A filtration system for a liquid, the filtration system comprising:a container including a container body and an end wall at least partially defining an internal container volume of the container, the container body and the end wall formed of a porous sheet material affixed to a rigid framework, the porous sheet material configured to allow passage of the liquid into the internal container volume to form a liquid sample aliquot, the container further including a first opening to the internal container volume, the first opening in an end opposite to the end wall; and
a non-porous housing closed at one end and including an opposite open end such that the non-porous housing defines an internal space, the internal space having an internal volume that is equal to or greater than a volume occupied by the container when the container is inserted into the internal space via the open end and is smaller than a sum of the internal container volume and the volume occupied by the container when the container is inserted into the internal space via the open end, such that a size of an unoccupied portion of the internal space that is left unoccupied by the container when the container is inserted into the internal space via the open end is less than the internal container volume,
wherein the container is configured to be coupled to a pump, at a container end that is opposite the end wall, such that the container is further configured to
establish suction in the internal container volume to draw liquid into the internal container volume via the porous sheet material, based on operation of the pump, to establish the liquid sample aliquot within the internal container volume,
maintain the suction in the internal container volume, whilst the container is removed from contact with the liquid and the container is inserted into the internal space of the non-porous housing, such that the liquid sample aliquot remains within the internal container volume whilst the is removed from contact with the liquid and the container is inserted into the internal space of the non-porous housing, and
remove the suction in the internal container volume subsequently to the container being inserted into the internal space of the non-porous housing.

US Pat. No. 10,712,244

SPECIMEN STAINING APPARATUS AND SPECIMEN STAINING METHOD

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A specimen staining apparatus comprising:a gap-forming member arranged to form a gap that has a pre-set, fixed size and that induces capillary action, the gap being formed above a mounting surface of a slide glass having a specimen mounted thereon,
wherein the gap-forming member includes:
a plurality of tanks that contain different types of chemical solutions for staining the specimen; and
a plurality of pressurizing portions, each of the pressurizing portions pressurizing a respective one of the chemical solutions in a respective one of the plurality of tanks,
wherein each of the chemical solutions is supplied to the gap formed between the gap-forming member and the mounting surface, and
wherein each of the plurality of tanks includes a discharge port through which the chemical solution inside the tank is discharged into the gap when the chemical solution is pressurized.

US Pat. No. 10,712,243

GAS PROBES

EnDet Limited, Shropshir...

1. A fluid-measurement probe comprising:an elongate probe body having a first end portion and a second end portion;
a fluid-sampling bore disposed within the elongate probe body, the fluid-sampling bore being at or adjacent to the first end portion and extending towards the second end portion;
the first end portion having an outer surface, and
a plurality of probe-damage-reducing elongate helical fins which are integrally formed on the elongate probe body and which are adapted to prevent or reduce probe damage caused by vortex-induced vibration,
a number of said elongate helical fins being in a range of three to nine,
the probe-damage-reducing helical fins winding along and around an outer surface of at least a portion of the elongate probe body so as to overlap each other; and
the probe-damage-reducing helical fins originating at or adjacent to the first end portion and at separate locations,
wherein fluid-sampling bore is open at or adjacent to the first end portion, and is adapted to receive a fluid-sample extracted from a fluid flowing past the fluid-measurement probe.

US Pat. No. 10,712,242

MERCURY-IN-GAS SAMPLING SYSTEM

PROCESS HG GROUP HOLDINGS...

1. A mercury-in-gas sampling system, comprising:a probe configured to collect a sample gas stream;
a pressure reduction section having a critical orifice and a heater configured to heat the critical orifice;
a heated sorbent trap section configured to receive a first portion of the sample gas stream; and
a control loop configured to receive a second portion of the sample gas stream, wherein the control loop comprises a back pressure regulator, a pressure check valve, a pressure gauge, and a thermometer.

US Pat. No. 10,712,241

SELF-ALIGNING, MAGNETICALLY RETAINED AIR SAMPLER ASSEMBLY COMPONENT

LIGHTHOUSE WORLDWIDE SOLU...

1. A component for a top plate of a microbial air sampler comprising:feet, said feet disposed on a bottom of the top plate;
wherein the top plate is configured to hold a sampling plate;
at least three brackets, said at least three brackets disposed on a top of the top plate;
at least one magnet;
wherein said at least one magnet is disposed within said feet;
alignment pockets, said alignment pockets disposed only on a top of the microbial air sampler within a recessed receiving portion of the microbial air sampler;
wherein said top plate has a smaller diameter than that of said recessed receiving portion; and
wherein said feet are configured to interface with said alignment pockets such that the top plate may not be moved laterally.

US Pat. No. 10,712,240

CONTAMINANT MONITOR SYSTEM AND METHOD

Ariana Schanzer, Englewo...

1. A contaminant sensor system comprising:a reaction chamber having a cavity;
a valve connected to the reaction chamber, the valve allowing a fluid into the reaction chamber cavity;
a first reagent sheet having a length such that the first reagent sheet enters the cavity of the reaction chamber at a first aperture and passes through the cavity of the reaction chamber at a second aperture, the first reagent sheet including at least one first reagent on the first reagent sheet, wherein the at least one first reagent reacts with the fluid in the reaction chamber;
a first controllable loader loading an unused portion of the first reagent sheet into the reaction chamber;
a first controllable collector collecting a used portion of the first reagent sheet;
a first photometric detector capable of detecting a photometric property; and
a second reagent sheet having at least one second reagent capable of changing the detectable photometric property when reacting with at least one of a contaminant and a contaminant byproduct, the at least one second reagent being embedded into the second reagent sheet and the second reagent sheet being located above the first and second apertures.

US Pat. No. 10,712,239

TECHNIQUE FOR MONITORING TECHNICAL EQUIPMENT

1. A method for monitoring technical equipment, the method comprising:receiving, by a processor, a plurality of event inputs from one or more event status reporting units, wherein each event input of the plurality of event inputs belongs to one of a plurality of predefined event categories;
segregating, by the processor, a time period into an ordered sequence of time slots, wherein the time period represents a time duration within which the plurality of event inputs were received;
categorizing, by the processor, each event input of the plurality of event inputs according to a time slot within which the event input was received and according to a predefined event category of the plurality of predefined event categories to which the event input belongs;
assigning, by the processor, a rank to each predefined event category of the plurality of predefined event categories within each of the ordered sequence of time slots, wherein the rank of a selected predefined event category within a selected time slot is based on a weight of unique event inputs, the unique event inputs being categorized for the selected predefined event category and for the selected time slot;
defining, by the processor, a count of symbols to be displayed for each of the time slots, wherein each symbol represents a unique predefined event category, and wherein the count of the symbols is same for all the time slots;
displaying, on a display unit, the ordered sequence of time slots; and
displaying, on the display unit, for each of the ordered sequence of time slots, the defined count of symbols ordered according to the ranks of the respective predefined event categories represented by the symbols,
wherein each symbol includes an indication of the weight of unique event inputs categorized for the selected predefined event category and for the selected time slot.

US Pat. No. 10,712,238

SYSTEM FOR EVALUATING THE CONDITION OF A TIRE INCLUDING TIRE WEAR DETECTOR AND TIRE PRESENCE DETECTOR

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A system for evaluating a condition of a tire, the system comprising:a housing placed on a ground surface;
a wear detector that detects a wear condition of a tire when the tire passes over the housing;
a tire presence detector attached to or embedded within the housing that detects a presence of the tire over the housing;
an electronic controller that activates the wear detector during detection of the presence of a tire by the tire presence detector, and that deactivates the wear detector in response to a subsequent detection of presence of a tire,
wherein the tire presence detector is configured to detect a presence of the tire over the housing by using a threshold to discriminate between different objects of respectively different weights.

US Pat. No. 10,712,237

FAULT DIAGNOSIS AND LIFE TESTING MACHINE FOR FLEXIBLE PRECISION THIN-WALL BEARING

SOUTH CHINA UNIVERSITY OF...

1. A fault diagnosis and life testing machine for a flexible precision thin-wall bearing, comprising a rack, and an axial loading device, a main driving device, a bearing mounting device, a clamping tooling, a data acquisition device and a hydraulic and pneumatic auxiliary device which are provided on the rack, characterized in that: the main driving device is connected to a rear side of the axial loading device, the clamping tooling is arranged at a front side of the axial loading device, for clamping the thin-wall bearing onto the bearing mounting device; the main driving device comprises an electric spindle mounting base and an electric spindle, the electric spindle mounting base is locked onto the rack by a T-shaped bolt, the electric spindle is fixed onto the electric spindle mounting base by a bolt; the bearing mounting device comprises a bearing mounting body, a blind rivet, a thin-wall bearing, a boss clamping plate, a clamp bolt, a release preventing ring and two symmetrical semicircular clamping plates, the blind rivet is screwed to a tail portion of the bearing mounting body by a screw thread, a conical surface on the bearing mounting body and a conical surface on the electric spindle in the main driving device match with each other and are locked by the blind rivet, the conical surface having a taper ratio of 7:24; the thin-wall bearing is arranged on an elliptical journal of the bearing mounting body, a difference between a long axis and a short axis of the elliptical journal is 1-1.3 times a tooth height of a flexible wheel; the boss clamping plate is arranged at an outer side of the thin-wall bearing, and the semicircular clamping plate is arranged at an inner side of the thin-wall bearing, the boss clamping plate and the semicircular clamping plate clamp the thin-wall bearing arranged therebetween by the clamp bolt, the release preventing ring is arranged on the clamp bolt, the clamp bolt is provided with a via for mounting the release preventing ring; and the data acquisition device is arranged in the axial loading device and at a side of the rack, the hydraulic and pneumatic auxiliary device is arranged at a side of the rack, and is connected to the axial loading device and the main driving device by pipelines, wherein the clamping tooling comprises a fixture base, a fixture handle, a fixed jaw, a mobile jaw, a fixed clamping piece, a mobile clamping piece, a fixture pallet and a guide rod, the fixture base is locked onto a T-shaped groove provided at a platform base by a T-shaped bolt, the fixture handle, the mobile jaw and the fixed jaw are arranged on the fixture base, the mobile jaw is connected to a sliding piece on a screw connected to the fixture handle, the fixed clamping piece and the mobile clamping piece are arranged between the fixed jaw and the mobile jaw, the fixed clamping piece and the fixed jaw are fastened together by a bolt, the mobile clamping piece and the mobile jaw are fastened together by a bolt, the fixture pallet is located under the fixed clamping piece and the mobile clamping piece, the fixture pallet is divided into two pieces, one of the two pieces is fastened with the fixed clamping piece by a screw, while the other one of the two pieces is fastened with the mobile clamping piece by a screw, the guide rod is arranged between the fixed clamping piece and the mobile clamping piece, for guiding the fixed clamping piece and the mobile clamping piece to be closed together.

US Pat. No. 10,712,234

BELT AND PULLEY SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF DETECTING BELT DAMAGE

Purdue Research Foundatio...

1. A belt and pulley system having an integral life-sensing capability, the system comprising:a belt having a width defined by and between oppositely-disposed first and second lateral sides of the belt, a depth defined by and between oppositely-disposed first and second nonlateral sides of the belt, and at least a first conductive component and/or at least a first dielectric component;
one or more pulleys to which the belt is mounted, at least a first of the one or more pulleys having at least a first conductor that contacts the first lateral side or the first nonlateral side of the belt; and
a second conductor that contacts the second lateral side or the second nonlateral side of the belt and, in combination with the first conductor of the first pulley and the first conductive component or the first dielectric component of the belt, defines an electrical element chosen from the group consisting of capacitive and resistive elements, at least a portion of the electrical element being located within an interior region of the belt so as to be physically responsive to transitory and permanent distortions of the belt resulting from extrinsic and/or intrinsic sources; and
wherein an electrical potential applied with the first and second conductors is through the electrical element and between the first lateral side or the first nonlateral side of the belt contacted by the first conductor and the second lateral side or the second nonlateral side of the belt contacted by the second conductor so as to generate an electrical signal from the electrical element and with the first conductive component and/or the first dielectric component thereof corresponding to a physical response of the belt to a transitory and/or permanent distortion.

US Pat. No. 10,712,233

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD OF DETERMINING ONE OR MORE OPTICAL PARAMETERS OF A LENS

6 OVER 6 VISION LTD., Kf...

1. A product comprising one or more tangible computer-readable non-transitory storage media comprising computer-executable instructions operable to, when executed by at least one computer processor, enable the at least one computer processor to determine one or more optical parameters of a lens of eyeglasses, the instructions, when executed, result in:processing at least one image of an object, the image of the object captured by an image-capturing device via said lens when said lens is between the image-capturing device and the object; and
determining the one or more optical parameters of said lens based on said at least one image, wherein determining the one or more optical parameters of the lens comprises identifying an existence of a cylindrical axis of the lens based on said image, determining an imaged dimension of the object in the image, determining a first power of the lens corresponding to said cylindrical axis based at least on a magnification between a dimension of the object and said imaged dimension of the object, determining a second power of said lens corresponding to a perpendicular axis, which is perpendicular to said cylindrical axis, and determining a cylindrical power of said lens based on said first and second powers.

US Pat. No. 10,712,231

APPLIED HIGH SPEED DIGITAL IMAGE CORRELATION (HSDIC)

United Launch Alliance, L...

1. A method for testing of separating systems between a space vehicle and a launch vehicle, the method comprising:receiving, by a data processing system, from one or more high definition cameras, a series of high-speed video frames, each frame of the series of high-speed video frames capturing a region of interest on a test structure, the test structure comprising a representation of a Launch Vehicle (LV), a representation of a Space Vehicle (SV), a clamp band binding the representation of the LV to the representation of the SV, and a clamp band opening device operable to release the clamp band and allow the representation of the LV to separate from the representation of the SV, the video frames captured by the one or more high definition cameras during and after operation of the clamp band opening device;
applying, by the data processing system, one or more Digital Image Correlation (DIC) processes to the received series of high-speed video frames;
calculating, by the data processing system, point trajectories for one or more components of interest in the region of interest on the test structure; and
identifying, by the data processing system, shock symmetry on the representation of the LV and representation of the SV in six degrees of freedom.

US Pat. No. 10,712,230

STRETCHABLE SENSOR LAYER

Acellent Technologies, In...

1. A structural health monitoring system, comprising:a continuous, flexible dielectric substrate having a plurality of sensors affixed thereon;
wherein the flexible substrate comprises a first portion configured for attachment to a structure, a second portion extending in continuous and flexible manner from a distal end of the first portion, and a third portion extending in continuous manner from the second portion and being configured for attachment to the structure; and
wherein the second portion includes a first section extending in continuous manner from the distal end of the first portion, and a second section connected between a distal end of the first section and the third portion and having a first edge extending in a first direction from the distal end of the first portion to the third portion and a second edge extending in a second direction from the distal end of the first portion to the third portion, the first direction being different from the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,712,229

DETECTION APPARATUS AND METHOD

1. A pipeline apparatus comprising:a pipe body including:
a tubular internal sheath extending along a length of the pipe body and defining a first fluid impermeable barrier layer;
a tubular outer sheath extending along the length of the pipe body and defining a second fluid impermeable barrier layer, the tubular internal sheath and the tubular outer sheath defining therebetween a pipe body annulus extending along the length of the pipe body; and
first and second electrically conductive members extending at least partially along the length of the pipe body within the pipe body annulus and being electrically isolated from one another to form an electrical transmission line;
an end fitting coupled to one end of the pipe body; and
a detection apparatus coupled to the end fitting, the detection apparatus comprising:
a signal generator coupled to the first and second electrically conductive members, the signal generator being arranged to generate an electrical test signal and configured to apply the electrical test signal between the first and second electrically conductive members, the electrical test signal comprising a pulse code modulated electrical signal;
a receiver coupled to the first and second electrically conductive members and arranged to receive an electrical return signal comprising a reflection of the electrical test signal;
a correlator arranged to correlate the electrical test signal with the electrical return signal and determine a correlation signal; and
a processor arranged to detect a variation of the correlation signal, and to determine if a detected variation is indicative of a breach of the tubular internal sheath or a breach of the tubular outer sheath causing fluid to enter the pipe body annulus;
wherein at least one of the first and second electrically conductive members comprises an electrically conductive tape element;
wherein the signal generator and the receiver are coupled to a first end of the first and second electrically conductive members; and
wherein the variation of the correlation signal arises from a breach that allows fluid ingress to electrically couple the electrically conductive members.

US Pat. No. 10,712,228

BLOCKAGE DIAGNOSIS DEVICE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A blockage diagnosis device that is applied to a fuel tank system including a fuel tank for containing fuel, a canister for adsorbing fuel vapor generated in an internal space of the fuel tank, and a vent passage for communicating between the internal space of the fuel tank and the canister, and that performs blockage diagnosis on the vent passage, the blockage diagnosis device comprising:an information acquiring unit that acquires information on an internal pressure of the vent passage;
a flow rate controller that performs flow rate control of fluid in the vent passage by operation of negative pressure source; and
a blockage diagnosis unit that performs blockage diagnosis on the vent passage, based on a change over time in the internal pressure of the vent passage in association with the operation of the negative pressure source, wherein
a blockage diagnosis period during which the blockage diagnosis on the vent passage is performed includes a first period of time that starts at an operation starting time of the negative pressure source or after lapse of a first predetermined time relative to the operation starting time, and a second period of time that ends at an operation finishing time of the negative pressure source or at a time going back from the operation finishing time by a second predetermined time, the first and second periods of time being shifted from each other so as not to be overlapped with each other, and
the blockage diagnosis unit includes:
a primary determination unit that estimates in the first period of time, a sealed spatial volume of a fuel vapor sealing system including the vent passage and the fuel tank based on a time length required for reducing the internal pressure of the vent passage by a first differential pressure in association with the operation of the negative pressure source and an emission speed of the fluid, and then performs a primary determination of the vent passage, based on whether a first estimation volume obtained by the estimation exceeds a preset threshold volume; and
a secondary determination unit that estimates in the second period of time, the sealed spatial volume based on a time length required for reducing the internal pressure of the vent passage by a second differential pressure in association with the operation of the negative pressure source, and a reference emission speed of the fluid, and then performs a secondary determination of the vent passage, based on whether a second estimation volume obtained by the estimation exceeds the threshold volume, wherein
the primary determination unit of the blockage diagnosis unit, if the first estimation volume is less than the threshold volume, makes a primary determination indicating that the vent passage is blocked,
the secondary determination unit of the blockage diagnosis unit, if the second estimation volume is less than the threshold volume, makes a secondary determination indicating that the vent passage is blocked, and
the blockage diagnosis unit, if the primary determination unit makes the primary determination indicating that vent passage is blocked, and the secondary determination unit makes the secondary determination indicating that the vent passage is blocked, determines that the vent passage is blocked.

US Pat. No. 10,712,227

WASHPIPE LIFE PREDICTION

NABORS DRILLING TECHNOLOG...

1. A method comprising:a) installing a washpipe assembly on a drilling rig;
b) operating the washpipe assembly;
c) measuring a rotation rate of the washpipe assembly;
d) measuring a pressure within the washpipe assembly;
e) calculating a total pressure-distance value indicative of the amount of washpipe assembly operational lifespan expended, wherein the total pressure-distance value is a function of the measured rotation rate and measured pressure;
f) comparing the total pressure-distance value with a predetermined threshold pressure-distance value so as to generate an expected life value; and
g) replacing or refurbishing the washpipe assembly based on the expected life value.

US Pat. No. 10,712,226

AUTONOMOUS IDENTIFICATION OF AN ANOMALOUS AQUEOUS STREAM FROM AN AQUEOUS SOURCE FEEDING MULTIPLE INDEPENDENT STREAMS AND REMEDIATION DIRECTIVE DETERMINATION THEREOF

1. A system for detecting an anomaly in an aqueous stream network, wherein the stream network comprises an inlet feeding a plurality of independently-controlled valves at outlets of the stream network, the system comprising:flow sensor and an inlet pressure sensor positioned at the inlet;
a downstream pressure sensor positioned in a branch of the network downstream of the inlet, wherein the branch feeds one of the independently-controlled valves; and
a data receiving and processing device storing one or more programs, the one or more programs comprising instructions, which when executed by one or more processors cause the device to:
receive a flow reading from the flow sensor,
receive a first pressure reading from the inlet pressure sensor,
receive a second pressure reading from the downstream pressure sensor,
estimate a pressure difference based on the first pressure reading and the second pressure reading, and
detect the anomaly based on the flow reading and the pressure difference.

US Pat. No. 10,712,225

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING WATER LEAKS

United Services Automobil...

14. A non-transitory computer-readable medium comprising computer-executable instructions that, when executed by at least one processor, cause the at least one processor to:receive a first signal from a first flow sensor configured to detect a first amount of fluid flow at a first position of a conduit, wherein the first signal is representative of a first amount of fluid flow;
receive a second signal from a second flow sensor configured to detect a second amount of fluid flow at a second position of the conduit, wherein the second signal is representative of the second amount of fluid flow;
determine whether a leak is present in the conduit based on comparing the first signal and the second signal; and
remotely actuate a third flow sensor positioned between the first flow sensor and the second flow sensor in response to determining that the leak is present;
receive a third signal from the third flow sensor configured to detect a third amount of fluid flow at a third position of the conduit, wherein the third signal is representative of the third amount of fluid flow; and
determine a location of the leak based on the first signal, the second signal, and the third signal.

US Pat. No. 10,712,224

INTEGRATED OPTICAL SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS FOR CHANGES IN PHYSICAL PARAMETERS

THE TRUSTEES OF COLUMBIA ...

1. A surveillance system for detecting a change in at least one physical parameter of a target illuminated by electromagnetic radiation, comprising:one or more optical fibers, each having a plurality of sensor nodes thereon, wherein the plurality of sensor nodes includes a plurality of optical nano-antennas;
an optical fiber switch, adapted to transmit at least a portion of the electromagnetic radiation into the one or more optical fibers, wherein each of the plurality of sensor nodes is configured to induce an interaction between the change in the at least one physical parameter and the transmitted electromagnetic radiation to thereby generate an optical signal; and
a photo detector, coupled to the one or more optical fibers, adapted to measure the optical signal.

US Pat. No. 10,712,223

MASS PROPORTIONS SCALING APPARATUSES

1. An apparatus for measuring a center of mass of an implement, comprising:a base;
a rotatable rod located at a first end of the base and configured to pivot about its axis;
a first arm configured to guide a first portion of the implement and configured to restrict movement of the implement above the base; and
a second arm comprising a pivotal touch stylus and a pointer element, wherein the touch stylus is configured to abut an end portion of the first portion of the implement when the implement position intersects with the radial movement of the second arm, and wherein the pointer element is located at an end portion of the second arm.

US Pat. No. 10,712,222

AIR PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

IN WIN DEVELOPMENT, INC.,...

1. An air pressure and temperature measurement system, comprising:more than one set of metal wires, which are combined in a 90-degree interleaved lattice configuration;
a frame, wherein each end of the metal wires formed from the interleaved lattice configuration is connected to the frame, thereby forming a lattice frame; and
at least one sensor module, each of the sensor modules comprising a temperature sensor and a pressure sensor which are structured to assume a perpendicular angle with each other and in contact with a respective metal wire of the lattice.

US Pat. No. 10,712,221

DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE METER

FIMCIM S.P.A., Milan (IT...

1. A differential pressure meter comprising:a main body including:
at least one inlet opening,
at least one outlet opening,
at least one channel which places the inlet opening in fluid communication with the outlet opening,
at least one housing in turn defining an operating seat therein separate from said channel and having at least a first passage opening and at least a second passage opening configured for placing the operating seat in fluid communication with said channel;
a sealing casing inserted in said operating seat and in turn defining a respective inner volume;
a sensitive element seated in said sealing casing dividing an inner volume of said sealing casing at least into a first chamber and a second chamber, a first surface of said sensitive element is directed towards said first chamber, and a second surface of said sensitive device is directed towards said second chamber;
a first pressure intake formed on said sealing casing, said first passage opening is being-in communication with said first chamber through said first pressure intake, and
a second pressure intake formed on said sealing casing, said second passage opening is in communication with said second chamber through said second pressure intake.

US Pat. No. 10,712,220

PRESSURE SENSOR

Azbil Corporation, Chiyo...

1. A pressure sensor in which a pressure receiving portion receives pressure from a measurement target and the pressure is measured on the basis of a capacitance change caused by a displacement of the pressure receiving portion, the pressure sensor comprising:a pressure value output unit converting the capacitance change to a pressure value in accordance with a set sensor sensitivity, and outputting the pressure value;
a resonance point measurement unit measuring a resonance point of the pressure receiving portion on the basis of result obtained by performing measurement of a constant pressure using the pressure sensor while a power supply frequency is changed;
a characteristic calculation unit calculating, on the basis of the resonance point measured by the resonance point measurement unit, a thickness or an elastic modulus of the pressure receiving portion as a physical characteristic of the pressure receiving portion; and
a correction unit calculating a corrected sensor sensitivity resulting from correcting a sensor sensitivity of the pressure sensor on the basis of the physical characteristic calculated by the characteristic calculation unit, and updating the sensor sensitivity set in the pressure value output unit with the corrected sensor sensitivity having been calculated.

US Pat. No. 10,712,219

PRESSURE SENSOR AND METHOD FOR MONITORING A PRESSURE SENSOR

1. A pressure sensor for determining a pressure measurement variable, the pressure sensor comprising:a housing;
a pressure sensor element arranged in the housing, the pressure sensor element including a semiconductor material and a measuring membrane, which includes at least one integrated resistance element in contact with the measuring membrane;
a lighting source arranged in the housing; and
a control/evaluation unit,
wherein the measuring membrane is configured such that, when a first pressure is provided to a first side of the measuring membrane and a second pressure is provided to a second side of the measuring membrane, the measuring membrane experiences a pressure-dependent deflection, and the control/evaluation unit ascertains an electrical signal dependent upon the deflection using the at least one integrated resistance element for determining the pressure measurement variable,
wherein the lighting source is configured to optically excite the pressure sensor element and/or the at least one integrated resistance element, and
wherein the control/evaluation unit ascertains, based on a change of the electrical signal caused by the optical excitation, whether a malfunction of the pressure sensor is present.

US Pat. No. 10,712,218

PRESSURE SENSOR

InvenSense, Inc., San Jo...

1. A method comprisingforming a deformable membrane from a silicon layer of an SOI layer spanning a cavity within a substrate, wherein the deformable membrane deflects in response to a stimuli;
forming an electrode comprising getter material, wherein the electrode is positioned on one side of the cavity and wherein the deformable membrane is positioned on another side of the cavity, and wherein the one side is opposite to the another side and face one another, and wherein the getter material is configured to collect gas molecules within the cavity,
wherein the deformable membrane and the electrode form a capacitive element, wherein the capacitive element changes capacitance in response to the deformable membrane deflecting.

US Pat. No. 10,712,217

STATOR FASTENING IN TORQUE SENSOR

Bourns, Inc., Riverside,...

1. A stator to guide a location-dependent magnetic field around a rotation axis in a circumferential direction, the stator comprising:a first stator ring rotating around the rotation axis, and
a second stator ring disposed concentrically with the first stator ring and rotating around the rotation axis,
wherein the first and second stator rings are arranged respectively on a first axial plane and on a second axial plane, the latter at a distance to the first axial plane, and executed circumferentially around the rotation axis, and
wherein first claws projecting axially from the first stator ring in the direction of the second stator ring being arranged circumferentially around the rotation axis and at a distance with the first claw gaps engaging in second claw gaps between second claws which are arranged circumferentially around the rotation axis from the second stator ring, and protruding axially in the direction of the first stator ring at a distance to the second claw gaps,
wherein each of the first and second claws comprises a claw head on the side axially opposing the stator ring,whereinin at least one of the first claw gaps and in one of the second claw gaps relative to the corresponding claw head engaging in the respective first and second claw gap, a stator fastening element is arranged on a carrier for fastening the first and second stator ring, the stator fastening element is a stator interlocking element that acts in circumferential direction, in which a carrier interlocking element arranged on the carrier may engage axially, and the stator interlocking element is a yoke radially pointing to the rotation axis.

US Pat. No. 10,712,216

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ESTIMATING TORQUE

Fluke Precision Measureme...

1. A processor-implemented method of estimating and communicating the torque of an axle of a running motor, comprising:obtaining, by a control unit comprised of one or more processors, data indicative of a total electrical active power, P, supplied to the motor, by measuring the total electrical active power, P, supplied to the motor;
decomposing, by the control unit, the total electrical active power, P, into a fundamental frequency component, P1, and harmonic frequency components;
decomposing, by the control unit, the fundamental frequency component, P1, into symmetrical components including at least a positive sequence power component, P+, and a negative sequence power component, P?;
determining, by the control unit, an electromechanical power, Pem, supplied to the axle using the data indicative of the total electrical active power, P, by subtracting a sum of the negative sequence power component, P?, and harmonic frequency components that provide a negative contribution to mechanical power at the axle from a sum of the positive sequence power component, P+, and harmonic frequency components that provide a positive contribution to mechanical power at the axle;
determining, by the control unit, a rotor speed, nr, or rotor frequency, fr, of the axle based on data indicative of a load dependent slip, s, and a synchronous speed, ns, or synchronous frequency, fs, of the motor;
determining, by the control unit, an angular rotor frequency, ?r, of the axle using the data indicative of the rotor speed, nr, or rotor frequency, fr, of the axle;
determining electromechanical axle torque, Tem, using the determined electromechanical power, Pem, and the determined angular rotor frequency, ?r; and
outputting, by the control unit, a signal indicative of the determined electromechanical axle torque, Tem.

US Pat. No. 10,712,215

DETECTION DEVICE AND TORQUE SENSOR

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A detection device, comprising:a conductive member provided to be conductive to a grounded member having a ground potential;
a facing member having at least one portion facing the conductive member; and
a sensor portion including a sensor element, a sensor main body and a grounded terminal, the sensor element being disposed in a sensor placement region which is located between the conductive member and the facing member and in which a distance between the conductive member and the facing member is shortest, the sensor main body sealing the sensor element, and the grounded terminal protruding from the sensor main body and connected to a ground,
wherein the conductive member is provided to be conductive to the grounded terminal or a grounded wiring portion connected to the grounded terminal in a conductive region different from the sensor placement region,
wherein the conductive member has a first base portion and a first magnetism collection portion protruding from the first base portion,
wherein the facing member has a second base portion and a second magnetism collection portion protruding from the second base portion and facing the first magnetism collection portion,
wherein the sensor placement region is a region where the first magnetism collection portion and the second magnetism collection portion face each other,
wherein the sensor element detects magnetic flux between the first magnetism collection portion and the second magnetism collection portion, and
wherein the first magnetism collection portion has an escape portion protruding in a direction opposite to that toward the first base portion.

US Pat. No. 10,712,214

METHOD FOR MONITORING THE UPTHRUST OF A SUBSEA PIPELINE BUOY

Saipem S.A., Montigny le...

1. A method of monitoring variation over time in the thrust exerted by at least one buoy mounted on an undersea bottom-to-surface connection pipe and exerting traction on said pipe, the method comprising:1) measuring the deformation of at least one optical fiber by measuring variation of an optical signal in the optical fiber relative to a reference value for the optical signal, said optical fiber extending at least in part in a direction having a component parallel to the direction of the thrust force exerted by said buoy on said pipe, said optical fiber being securely applied against the surface by adhesive, said abutment part being an elastically deformable intermediate abutment part arranged between i) a portion of the buoy and ii) a rigid retaining part secured to said pipe, the thrust exerted by said buoy comprising said intermediate abutment part; and
2) determining a variation in said thrust exerted by said buoy as a function of said variation of the optical signal as measured in step 1) relative to a reference value for the optical signal corresponding to a maximum initial thrust from the buoy.

US Pat. No. 10,712,213

PRESSURE SENSOR AND WEARABLE DEVICE

ZhuHai AdvanPro Technolog...

1. A pressure sensor, comprising:a circuit board (1), which comprises an electrode area (11), wherein the electrode area (11) comprises multiple electrode pairs (10) set at intervals; and
a conducting elastic structure (2), which is set on one side of the circuit board (1) and comprises a first area (21); the first area (21) comprises a conducting part; when no pressure is applied to the conducting elastic structure (2), the conducting part is isolated from each electrode pair (10), so that each electrode pair (10) is in an off state; when a pressure which is greater than a turn-on pressure threshold is applied to the conducting elastic structure (2), the conducting elastic structure (2) deforms, so that the conducting part contacts with at least one electrode pair (10), and at least one electrode pair (10) is turned on; wherein the turn-on pressure thresholds of different electrode pairs (10) are different,
wherein the electrode area (11) comprises multiple cathodes (101) and multiple anodes (102); the cathodes (101) are in one-to-one correspondence with the anodes (102), and one cathode (101) and the corresponding anode (102) form one electrode pair (10); or
the electrode area (11) comprises one cathode (101 and multiple anodes (102); one cathode (101) and multiple anodes (102) form multiple electrode pairs (10) respectively; or
the electrode area (11) comprises one anode (102) and multiple cathodes (101); one anode (102) and multiple cathodes (101) form multiple electrode pairs (10) respectively,
wherein each cathode (101) and each anode (102) comprise a first horizontal section (04), a first vertical section (05), a second horizontal section (06) and a second vertical section (07), wherein the first horizontal section (04) is parallel to the second horizontal section (06), the first vertical section (05) is parallel to the second vertical section (07), the first vertical section (05) is connected between the first horizontal section (04) and the second horizontal section (06), and the second horizontal section (06) is connected between the first vertical section (05) and the second vertical section (07),
wherein the conducting part is made of composite material including conducting material and the elastic material.

US Pat. No. 10,712,212

OVERHEAT DETECTION USING A FIBER BRAGG GRATINGS ARRAY BY TIME-OF-FLIGHT

Kidde Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A method for detecting and determining a location of an overheat condition along an optical fiber, the method comprising:(a) executing a first set of steps, the first set of steps comprising:
i. producing a narrowband optical signal at a wavelength with at least one of a laser source and an optical pulse generator;
ii. sending the optical signal into the optical fiber, wherein the optical fiber comprises a plurality of fiber Bragg gratings at spaced locations;
iii. receiving a plurality of reflected optical signals reflected by the plurality of fiber Bragg gratings;
iv. detecting, using a photodetector, reflection intensities of the plurality of reflected optical signals;
v. comparing the reflection intensities with a triggering threshold of reflection intensity;
vi. recording response times of the plurality of reflected optical signals whenever the reflection intensity of the optical signals is greater than the triggering threshold;
vii. adjusting the narrowband optical signal to another, different wavelength; and
viii. repeating steps (i)-(vii) in order to step through a range of discrete wavelengths;
(b) identifying, based on the recorded response times, an anomaly reflected optical signal using a characteristic of the timings obtained through a range of wavelengths;
(c) determining, with a first controller, the location of the overheat condition based on recorded response times;
(d) communicating the location and existence of the overheat condition to a second controller; and
(e) executing a second set of steps to determine the triggering threshold, the second set of steps comprising:
i. adjusting, with the first controller in combination with the optical pulse generator, a first center wavelength of the optical signal sent into the optical fiber;
ii. scanning the optical fiber with a second optical pulse with a second center wavelength;
iii. stepping through a range of wavelengths;
iv. examining timings obtained from at least one of an up-crossing and a down-crossing the triggering threshold of reflection intensity; and
v. varying the triggering threshold of reflection intensity.

US Pat. No. 10,712,211

TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT DEVICE, TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT METHOD, AND COMPUTER-READABLE NON-TRANSITORY MEDIUM

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A temperature measurement device comprising:a detector configured to detect a first Stokes component and a first anti-Stokes component from a back scattering light generated when a light is input into a first end of an optical fiber and detect a second Stokes component and a second anti-Stokes component from a back scattering light generated when a light is input into a second end of the optical fiber;
a memory; and
a processor configured to execute a process, the process comprising:
within a predetermined region including a sample point of a partial region on the first end side of the optical fiber, calculating a first section including the sample point on a basis of a first correlation between the second Stokes component and at least one of the first Stokes component and the first anti-Stokes component, calculating a second section including the sample point on a basis of a second correlation between the second anti-Stokes component and at least one of the first Stokes component and the first anti-Stokes component, smoothing the second Stokes component in the first section, and smoothing the second anti-Stokes component in the second section; and
measuring a temperature at the sample point by using the second Stokes component after smoothing, the second anti-Stokes component after smoothing, the first Stokes component and the first anti-Stokes component.

US Pat. No. 10,712,210

SELF-REFERENCED, HIGH-ACCURACY TEMPERATURE SENSORS

NXP USA, Inc., Austin, T...

1. A temperature sensor, comprising:a first plurality of resistors;
a first Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) having: a first base terminal, a first collector terminal, and a first emitter terminal, wherein the first collector terminal is coupled to the first plurality of resistors, wherein the first emitter terminal is coupled to a ground terminal, and wherein each resistor is coupled to the first collector terminal via a corresponding one of a first plurality of corresponding switches;
a first amplifier having a first non-inverting input coupled to the first collector terminal and a first output terminal coupled to the first base terminal;
a second plurality of resistors;
a second BJT having: a second base terminal, a second collector terminal, and a second emitter terminal, wherein the second base terminal is coupled to the first base terminal, wherein the second collector terminal is coupled to the second plurality of resistors, and wherein each resistor is coupled to the second collector terminal via a corresponding one of a second plurality of corresponding switches; and
a second amplifier having a second inverting input coupled to the second collector terminal and a second output terminal coupled to the second emitter terminal, wherein a first inverting input terminal of the first amplifier is coupled to a second non-inverting input terminal of the second amplifier, and wherein a first output voltage of the temperature sensor is provided between the second output terminal of the second amplifier and the ground terminal, and wherein the first output voltage is temperature-dependent on a temperature of an integrated circuit containing the temperature sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,712,209

MONITORING A FAULT IN AN ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT ITEM

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. An electrical equipment item comprising:two electrically insulated circuits,
a screen in the form of a film arranged between the two circuits, the screen comprising a substrate and a conductive filament arranged on the substrate,
a module configured to circulate a current in the conductive filament and to detect a breaking of the conductive filament through the stopping of the circulation of the current.

US Pat. No. 10,712,208

INTEGRATED TEMPERATURE SENSOR FOR DISCRETE SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A circuit, comprising:a semiconductor die comprising: a single power transistor; at least one temperature sense diode formed close enough to the single power transistor so that a junction temperature of the at least one temperature sense diode is an accurate representation of the temperature of the single power transistor, the at least one temperature sense diode comprising: a first diode or string of first diodes, and a second diode or string of second diodes;
an integrated circuit that is separate from the semiconductor die and operable to:
measure a first forward voltage drop of the first diode or string of first diodes by driving a first known current through the first diode or string of first diodes;
measure a second forward voltage drop of the second diode or string of second diodes by driving a second known current through the second diode or string of second diodes; and
estimate the temperature of the single power transistor based on the difference between the first and second forward voltage drop measurements,
wherein the first and second driving currents have the same magnitude, and
wherein an overall pn junction area of the first diode or string of first diodes is different from an overall pn junction area of the second diode or string of second diodes,
wherein the single power transistor is an IGBT having a collector, an emitter and a gate or a FET having a drain, a source and a gate, wherein a cathode of the first diode or string of first diodes and a cathode of the second diode or string of second diodes are directly electrically connected to the emitter of the IGBT or the source of the FET.

US Pat. No. 10,712,207

TEMPERATURE SENSOR HAVING A SENSOR BODY HELD BY A SENSOR HOLDER

SHIBAAURA ELECTRONICS CO....

1. A temperature sensor, comprising:a sensor holder extending from a front end side toward a back end side; and
a sensor body that is held by the sensor holder to locate a thermosensitive device on the front end side and from which a lead wire is drawn toward the back end side, the lead wire being electrically connected to the thermosensitive device, wherein
the sensor body is supported by the sensor holder at both the front end side and the back end side, wherein the sensor body is rotatable around a longitudinal axis of the sensor body to allow the sensor body to follow a detection object surface during use of the temperature sensor,
the sensor body includes a resin cover layer that covers the thermosensitive device and a portion of the lead wire, and
the sensor body is supported by the sensor holder at both ends with the cover layer in between.

US Pat. No. 10,712,206

BELT FOR MEASURING THE TEMPERATURE OF AN OBJECT

Electricite de France, (...

1. A belt for measuring temperature of an object, the belt comprising:at least one measurement sensor,
a strip having a circumference intended to surround the object,
a device for clamping the strip around the object,
characterized in thatwherein the temperature sensor is mounted on an individual heat-insulating support, displaceable in a guiding direction toward the object between at least two heat-insulating pads which are intended to abut against the object from a first high position, in which the sensor is at a non-zero distance from the object along the guiding direction, to a second low position, in which the sensor is applied against the object, the pads being attached to the strip.

US Pat. No. 10,712,205

FLEXIBLE MULTIPOINT THERMOMETER

1. A sensing assembly for sensing a temperature, comprising:an elongated member configured to sense a temperature, the elongated member including a sensor element, connection wires connected to the sensor element and a metallic outer sheath filled with an insulating material, wherein the sensor element is embedded in the insulating material such that the connection wires extend from the outer sheath, wherein the elongated member is at least partially flexible;
a fitting at least partially surrounding the elongated member; and
a sleeve member configured to be at least partially flexible and to define an inner cavity, wherein the elongated member and the fitting are positioned within the inner cavity of the sleeve member, and wherein the sleeve member is embodied as to protect the fitting and elongated member against a process condition, including high pressure, temperature, friction or corrosion.

US Pat. No. 10,712,204

METHOD, APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR PASSIVE INFRARED SENSOR FRAMEWORK

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method comprising:detecting, with a passive infrared sensor (PIR), levels of infrared radiation in a field of view (FOV) of the PIR;
generating a signal based on the levels of infrared radiation detected with the PIR over a period of time, the signal having values that exhibit a change in a level of infrared radiation as detected with the PIR;
extracting a local feature from a sample of the signal, wherein the local feature indicates a first probability that a human in the FOV caused the change in the detected levels of infrared radiation;
extracting a global feature from the sample of the signal, wherein the global feature indicates a second probability that an environmental radiation source caused the change in the detected levels of infrared radiation;
determining a score based on the local feature and the global feature by concatenating the global feature and the local feature to form a sample vector, and inputting the sample vector into a scoring function having parameters determined by a classifier; and
determining that a human motion has been detected in the FOV based on the score.

US Pat. No. 10,712,203

COLOR CALIBRATION DEVICE, COLOR CALIBRATION SYSTEM, COLOR CALIBRATION HOLOGRAM, COLOR CALIBRATION METHOD, AND PROGRAM

TOPPAN PRINTING CO., LTD....

1. A color calibration method, calibrating colors in a captured image of a first imaging device between different imaging devices using a hologram emitting diffracted light at different frequencies corresponding to an observation angle, the color calibration method comprising:a step of calculating diffracted light spectral distribution to obtain respective diffracted light spectral distribution of the diffracted light from the hologram;
a step of estimating a spectral sensitivity to estimate spectral sensitivity of the imaging device from the respective diffracted light spectral distribution of the diffracted light and each captured image of the diffracted light; and
a step of calibrating colors to calibrate difference in color of the first imaging device relative to a second imaging device different from the first imaging device using the estimated spectral sensitivity.

US Pat. No. 10,712,201

OPTICAL EMISSION SPECTROMETER WITH CASCADED CHARGE STORAGE DEVICES

1. An optical emission spectrometer comprising:an excitation device for a sample to be examined;
a dispersive element for spectrally decomposing light emitted by an excited sample;
a multiplicity of photodiodes (P1-Pn, P1i-Pni), which are arranged such that different spectral components (S1-Sn) of the emitted, decomposed light are detectable with different photodiodes (P1-Pn, P1i-Pni); and
a multiplicity of electronic readout systems for the photodiodes (P1-Pn, P1i-Pni),
wherein a respective electronic readout system has a charge storage assembly comprising a plurality of individual charge storage devices that are interconnectable in cascading fashion, with the result that charges flowing in from an associated photodiode (P1-Pn, P1i-Pni) successively fill the charge storage devices, and wherein the respective electronic readout system can be used to read the charges of the individual charge storage devices of the charge storage assembly and/or charges of subsets of the charge storage devices of the charge storage assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,712,200

SPECTROSCOPIC APPARATUS, TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTIC DERIVATION APPARATUS, SPECTROSCOPIC SYSTEM, SPECTROSCOPY METHOD, AND TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTIC DERIVATION METHOD

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A spectroscopic apparatus comprising:a spectroscopic module;
a temperature detector that detects a temperature of the spectroscopic module; and
a module controller that controls the spectroscopic module,
wherein the spectroscopic module includes
an interference filter that has a pair of reflection films and an actuator which changes a dimension of a gap between the pair of reflection films by application of a voltage, and
a capacity detection circuit that outputs a detection signal in accordance with an electrostatic capacity between the pair of reflection films, and
wherein the module controller corrects a target value of the detection signal that is output from the capacity detection circuit, based on a temperature characteristic of the spectroscopic module and a detection temperature that is detected by the temperature detector, and controls the voltage that is to be applied to the actuator, in such a manner that the detection signal that is output from the capacity detection circuit is the corrected target value.

US Pat. No. 10,712,199

SPECTROMETRIC SENSING APPARATUS FOR DETECTING ONE OR MORE TYPES OF BIOMETRIC INFORMATION IN ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD THEREOF COMPRISING A PROCESSOR CONTROLLING A LIGHT EMITTING UNIT TO SELECTIVELY OUTPUT LIGHT OF A WAVELENGTH BAND CORRESPONDING TO AT

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a housing;
a display within the housing, and exposed through a surface of the housing;
a light emitting unit and a light receiving unit within the housing; and
a processor electrically coupled with the display, the light emitting unit and the light receiving unit,
wherein the light emitting unit comprises at least one light source for outputting light of at least one wavelength band,
the light receiving unit comprises at least one region for receiving the light of the at least one wavelength band, and
the processor is configured to:
control at least one function of the light emitting unit and/or the light receiving unit based on at least one mode, and
control the light emitting unit to selectively output light of a wavelength band that corresponds to the at least one mode.

US Pat. No. 10,712,198

MEASURING PROCESS OF THE AVERAGE FREQUENCY OF AN ALTERNATING SIGNAL, AND CORRESPONDING ELECTRONIC CIRCUIT

STMICROELECTRONICS (GRENO...

1. A method for measuring an average frequency of an AC signal, the method comprising:receiving the AC signal during a measuring period that has a beginning and an end;
triggering a first counter that is clocked at a first frequency higher than a maximum frequency of the AC signal;
detecting each zero crossing of the AC signal in a predetermined crossing direction starting from the beginning of the measuring period;
recording a value of the first counter at each detected zero crossing;
triggering a second counter with an initial counter value at a first zero crossing of the AC signal in the predetermined crossing direction;
incrementing the second counter at each subsequent zero crossing of the AC signal in the predetermined crossing direction;
calculating a duration of a portion of the AC signal based on the first frequency and on a first and last recorded values of the first counter; and
calculating the average frequency of the AC signal based on the duration, the initial counter value and a last value of the second counter.

US Pat. No. 10,712,197

OPTICAL SENSOR PACKAGE

Analog Devices Global Unl...

1. An optical device package comprising:a substrate that passes light at an optical wavelength, the substrate having a first side, a second side opposite the first side and a side wall extending between the first and second sides;
an optical device assembly mounted to the second side of the substrate, the optical device assembly comprising an integrated device die, the integrated device die having a first surface mounted to and facing the substrate and a second surface opposite the first surface; and
a molding compound disposed at least partially over the second surface of the integrated device die and at least partially along a side wall of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,712,195

FOOD PROCESSING SYSTEM FOR PROCESSING AND BATCHING FOOD ITEMS

1. A food processing system for processing and batching food items conveyed by a conveyor means where the batches fulfil at least one target criteria including at least one weight target, comprising:a first weight determining means for determining the weight of incoming food items,
a batching system,
a food item separation device positioned downstream in relation to the first weight determining means and upstream in relation to the batching system, where the food item separation device comprises a cutting device including a cutting means adapted to cut at least some of the incoming food items,
a control system for controlling the batching system and the food item separation device, the controlling including, repeatedly:
monitoring the weight of the incoming food items,
determining, based on the weight of the incoming food items, a prospect indicator indicating the prospect to meet the at least one target criteria for the batches such that each batch fulfils the at least one target criteria,
comparing if the prospect indicator fulfils a pre-defined criteria,
in case the prospect indicator does not fulfil the pre-defined criteria, instructing the food item separation device to separate at least some of the incoming food items such that the weight of the food items coming to the batching system, after passing the food item separation device, have a prospect indicator fulfilling the pre-defined criteria so that the weight of the food items coming to the batching system becomes useful for completing batching the food items according to the at least one target criteria;
wherein the control system comprises means for determining the prospect indicator on the basis of statistical probability calculations, including determining the probability of the food items coming to the batching system becoming useful for completing batching the food items according to the at least one target criteria;
wherein a reject device is positioned downstream in relation to the food item separation device for automatically rejecting cut parts of the food items after undergoing a food item separation process at the food item separation device.

US Pat. No. 10,712,194

FLUID LEVEL SENSOR

Medallion Instrumentation...

1. A fluid sensor system for fluid held by a fluid reservoir system, the fluid reservoir system having a cap assembly for closing an opening of fluid reservoir system, said fluid sensor system comprising:a floatation device having a magnetic element, said floatation device configured to float in proximity to a surface of the fluid in the fluid reservoir system, wherein said floatation device is buoyant with respect to the fluid;
a magnetic field sensor configured to sense a magnetic field strength, said magnetic field sensor disposed on the cap assembly or a position corresponding to a substantially empty condition for the fluid reservoir system, said magnetic field sensor configured to provide a sensor output indicative of said sensed magnetic field strength, wherein said magnetic field strength varies as a function of a position of said magnetic element with respect to said magnetic field sensor, wherein said position of said magnetic element corresponds to a fluid level of the fluid that is held by the fluid reservoir system; and
sensor circuitry operably coupled to said magnetic field sensor, said sensor circuitry capable of obtaining said sensor output from said magnetic field sensor, said sensor circuitry including a processor configured to determine a fluid level of the fluid based on said sensor output indicative of said sensed magnetic field strength, said processor configured to generate an output signal based on said fluid level.

US Pat. No. 10,712,193

LIQUID LEVEL DETECTING DEVICE

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. A liquid level detecting device comprising:a sensor housing;
a holder which is held rotatably by the sensor housing;
an arm fixing portion provided in the holder;
a float arm which has a base portion fixed to the holder by the arm fixing portion, and which has a tip portion attached to a float;
the float which is attached to the tip portion of the float arm and varies in position following a surface level of liquid stored in a tank;
a magnet provided in the holder; and
a Hall element which is provided in the sensor housing and detects a displacement of the magnet of the holder,
wherein the float arm is fixed to the holder so as to extend in a direction perpendicular to a rotation axis of the holder and that crosses the rotation axis of the holder;
wherein the sensor housing has a pair of first stoppers which restrict a rotation angle range of the holder to a first rotation angle by bringing a portion of the float arm, which is positioned between the tip portion of the float arm and the rotation axis, into contact with one of the pair of first stoppers;
wherein the sensor housing has a pair of second stoppers which restrict the rotation angle range of the holder to a second rotation angle which is wider than the first rotation angle of the pair of first stoppers by bringing another portion of the float arm, which is positioned between the base portion of the float arm and the rotation axis, into contact with one of the pair of second stoppers; and
wherein the float arm is brought into contact with the one of the pair of second stoppers when the holder is rotated further after the float arm is brought into contact with the one of the pair of first stoppers.

US Pat. No. 10,712,192

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS, INFORMATION PRESENTATION APPARATUS, INFORMATION PRESENTATION SYSTEM, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. An information processing apparatus comprising:a communication interface configured to receive, from a sensor container, information indicating an orientation of the sensor container; and
a controller configured to calculate, based on the information indicating the orientation of the sensor container, a calculated value indicating a remaining amount of contents of the sensor container and to determine an estimated value indicating the remaining amount on the basis of the calculated value,
wherein the communication interface transmits the estimated value indicating the remaining amount to an external device, wherein the external device presents the estimated value indicating the remaining amount, and
when the calculated value indicating the remaining amount decreases by a first predetermined value or more within a predetermined time period, the controller does not perform the determination of the estimated value on the basis of the calculated value.

US Pat. No. 10,712,191

THERMAL FLOWMETER AND METHOD OF FLOW RATE CORRECTION

AZBIL CORPORATION, Chiyo...

1. A thermal flowmeter comprising:a tube through which a target fluid is caused to flow;
a temperature measuring device disposed on the tube, the temperature measuring device being configured to detect a first temperature of the fluid;
a heating and temperature measuring device disposed on the tube downstream of the temperature measuring device in a fluid flow direction, the heating and temperature measuring device being configured to detect a second temperature of the fluid;
a controller configured to supply power to the heating and temperature measuring device to generate heat such that the second temperature is higher than the first temperature by a predetermined value;
a power determining unit configured to determine a power consumption of the heating and temperature measuring device;
a flow rate obtaining unit configured to convert the determined power consumption into a flow rate of the target fluid;
a flow rate correcting unit configured to correct the flow rate using a set correction factor;
a memory unit storing, as a first zero-point power consumption, a power consumption obtained under conditions where the tube is filled with a reference fluid and flow of the reference fluid is stopped;
a zero-point power ratio calculating unit configured to calculate a zero-point power ratio based on the first zero-point power consumption and a second zero-point power consumption that is a power consumption determined by the power determining unit under conditions where flow of the target fluid in the tube is stopped; and
a setting unit configured to calculate the correction factor based on the zero-point power ratio and set the correction factor in the flow rate correcting unit.

US Pat. No. 10,712,190

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REDUCING GAS BREAK OUT IN MPD METERING WITH BACK PRESSURE

1. A back pressure system for reducing gas break out of a drilling fluid in a Coriolis meter installed in managed pressure drilling (MPD) metering with back pressure wherein the drilling fluid flows downstream from the Coriolis meter to the back pressure system, the system comprising:an inlet located downstream of the Coriolis meter;
a first flow control device located downstream of the inlet wherein the first flow control device applies back pressure on the Coriolis meter;
a pressure regulator located downstream of the inlet wherein the pressure regulator sets the back pressure applied by the first flow control device.

US Pat. No. 10,712,189

METHOD FOR OPERATING A MEASURING TRANSDUCER OF VIBRATION-TYPE

1. A method for operating a measuring transducer of vibration-type, the method comprising:providing a measuring transducer including at least two oscillators, each of which is formed by a pair of measuring tubes, wherein the pairs of measuring tubes are arranged for parallel flow, wherein the at least two oscillators have mutually independent oscillator oscillations with mutually differing eigenfrequencies for corresponding oscillation modes;
determining a first value of a primary measurement variable, or of a variable derived therefrom, using a first oscillator of the at least two oscillators;
determining a second value of the primary measurement variable, or of a variable derived therefrom, using a second oscillator of the at least two oscillators;
checking an actual ratio between the first value and the second value by comparison with an expected ratio between the first value and the second value; and
outputting a signal when the actual ratio does not correspond to the expected ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,712,188

FLOW MEASURING DEVICE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A flow measuring device comprising:a flow detecting element in which flow detecting resistors are formed on a surface of a base material, and a thin-walled portion, at which a cavity portion is formed at a lower portion of the flow detecting resistors in such a way that the base material is partly removed, is included, and the thin-walled portion is formed as a flow detecting portion; and
a supporting component which includes an installing portion having a first concave portion, on which the flow detecting element is mounted, and is provided at a passage in which a measured fluid is flowed; wherein
a second concave portion, which inhibits a bottom flow which is flowed and inputted from a gap between fit surfaces of the installing portion of the supporting component and the flow detecting element, which are fitted and arranged, is provided at a bottom surface of the installing portion of the supporting component, which is faced to the cavity portion of the flow detecting element, and
wherein an upstream edge of the cavity portion in a direction of fluid flow is positioned farther upstream than an upstream edge of the second concave portion in the direction of fluid flow.

US Pat. No. 10,712,187

SPRAY PATTERN MONITORING SYSTEM

CNH Industrial America LL...

1. A spray system comprising:a boom supporting a spray nozzle assembly having an outlet for discharging fluid in a spray pattern onto an agricultural field;
an electromagnetic radiation source positioned proximal to the outlet, the source being configured to direct a beam of electromagnetic radiation through the spray pattern;
an electromagnetic radiation detector positioned proximal to the outlet, the detector being configured to detect electromagnetic radiation transmitted through the spray pattern or reflected by the spray pattern to produce a detection pattern;
a data structure holding a calibration pattern providing a target for electromagnetic radiation transmitted through the spray pattern or reflected by the spray pattern; and
a controller in communication with the detector and the data structure, the controller being configured to receive the detection pattern and compare the detection pattern to the calibration pattern to determine an error for the spray nozzle assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,712,186

MEASURING PIPE PRESS FITTED IN A PIPE HOLE OF A CIRCUIT BOARD WITH A GUIDE PROVIDED ON AN INNER WALL OF A CASE BODY

AZBIL CORPORATION, Chiyo...

1. An electromagnetic flow meter, comprising:a measuring pipe through which a fluid as a target to be measured flows;
a bottom-equipped box-shaped case having an opening on an upper side to receive the measuring pipe;
a printed board having a pipe hole to which the measuring pipe is press-fitted; and
a guide formed on or in an inner wall of the case and fitted to a side end portion of the printed board inserted through the opening.

US Pat. No. 10,712,185

MAGNETIC-INDUCTIVE FLOWMETER AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A MAGNETIC-INDUCTIVE FLOWMETER

KROHNE MESSTECHNIK GMBH, ...

1. Magnetic-inductive flowmeter, comprising:at least one measuring tube for a flow of an electrically conductive medium,
at least one magnetic field generator for generating at least one changing magnetic field running at least partially perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the measuring tube,
at least two measuring electrodes, in particular contacting the medium,
an alternating current (AC) signal source galvanically connected to the measuring electrodes for generating conductivity measuring signals,
a control circuit for the magnetic field generator and for the AC signal source and an evaluation circuit,
wherein at least one of the control circuit and the evaluation circuit is adapted to evaluate a measuring voltage tapped by the measuring electrodes for flow measurement only during a flow measuring time that is less than half the duration of a period of generation of the magnetic field and
wherein the control circuit is adapted to feed the conductivity measuring signals into the measuring electrodes only during a conductivity measuring time that is separate from the flow measuring time.

US Pat. No. 10,712,184

MAGNETIC FLOWMETER ASSEMBLY HAVING INDEPENDENT COIL DRIVE AND CONTROL SYSTEM

Georg Fischer Signet LLC,...

1. An assembly for controlling a flow meter configured to measure the velocity of a conductive fluid in a flow path, comprising:a first coil assembly circuit that generates a first magnetic field proximate the flow path, the first coil assembly circuit comprising:
a first voltage source providing a first voltage output;
a first coil driver configured to provide a first current to a first coil assembly based on the first voltage output; and
a first sensor configured to measure a first electrical property associated with the first coil assembly, the first voltage source configured to modify the first voltage output responsive to a first feedback signal received based on the first electrical property, to attain a prescribed first current and generate a prescribed first magnetic field; and
a second coil assembly circuit that generates a second magnetic field proximate the flow path, the second coil assembly circuit comprising:
a second voltage source providing a second voltage output;
a second coil driver configured to provide a second current to a second coil assembly based on the second voltage output; and
a second sensor configured to measure a second electrical property associated with the second coil assembly, the second voltage source configured to modify the second voltage output responsive to a second feedback signal received based on the second electrical property, to attain a prescribed second current and generate a prescribed second magnetic field, the first and second prescribed magnetic fields configured to maintain a constant magnetic field proximate the fluid flow path.

US Pat. No. 10,712,183

DETERMINING FLOW RATES OF MULTIPHASE FLUIDS

ONESUBSEA IP UK LIMITED, ...

1. A method for determining flow rate of a multiphase fluid comprising:measuring a first pressure differential of the multiphase fluid flowing through a rotodynamic pump operating at a rotational speed thereby driving the multiphase fluid;
measuring a second pressure differential of the multiphase fluid flowing through a portion of a fluid conduit positioned in series with said rotodynamic pump; and
determining, based on the first and second pressure differentials and the rotational speed of said rotodynamic pump, a flow rate of the multiphase fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,712,182

METHODS FOR FABRICATING AN APPARATUS HAVING A HERMETIC SEAL

DUNAN SENSING LLC, San J...

1. A method of sealing a sensor to a housing comprising:providing a housing with a top and a bottom and a hole that passes through the housing from the top to the bottom wherein the housing further comprises a first cavity with a first inner wall, a first outer wall and a first cavity bottom and wherein the housing further comprises a second cavity with a second inner wall, a second outer wall and a second cavity bottom and both the first cavity and the second cavity extend down into the housing from the top and surround the hole wherein the first outer wall of the first cavity is the second inner wall of the second cavity;
providing a seal with a toroidal shape with an open seal top;
pressing the seal inside the first cavity such that a seal bottom is pressed against the first cavity bottom;
providing an isolation member coupled to the sensor;
placing the isolation member down into the first cavity such that the isolation member extends down into the open top of the seal;
placing a collar down into the second cavity; and
pressing the collar down such that the collar deforms the second inner wall of the second cavity and seals the housing to the isolation member.

US Pat. No. 10,712,181

INSTRUMENT ENCLOSURE

Brad Faseler, Houston, T...

1. An instrument enclosure, comprising:a top section;
a bottom section comprising a first part and a second part;
one or more fasteners to fasten the first part to the second part; and
one or more hinges configured to hinge the top section to the bottom section, wherein:
the one or more hinges are configured to enable the top section to rotate between a close positioned and one or more open positions;
the top section and the bottom section define an enclosed space in the closed position;
the enclosed space is suitable for receiving a field instrument;
the bottom section is configured to be fastened to a standpipe or to a bracket fastened to the standpipe;
the first part of the bottom section defines a first notch;
the second part of the bottom section defines a second notch; and
the first notch and the second notch are configured to define an opening in the bottom section.

US Pat. No. 10,712,180

SEGMENTED POLED OPTICAL FIBER FOR FIBER OPTIC SENSOR AND PHASED ARRAY

The Charles Stark Draper ...

1. A fiber optical sensor comprising:a. an optical fiber supporting propagation of light in at least one polarized mode, the optical fiber configured as an interferometer;
b. a source of light coupled to inject light into the optical fiber;
c. a detector for detecting variation, with a sensed quantity, of a phase of interfering light traversing the optical fiber; and
d. an electrode adapted for applying an electric field across a portion, up to an entirety, of the optical fiber;
wherein a plurality of non-contiguous segments of the optical fiber are poled in such a manner as to induce a phase shift in light propagating through the optical fiber in response to application of voltage to the electrode and
wherein the phase shift is achieved via a process associated with a second-order susceptibility of the optical fiber.

US Pat. No. 10,712,179

NON-CONTACT OPERATION SENSING DEVICE FOR VEHICLE AND CAPACITANCE SENSOR

AISIN SEIKI KABUSHIKI KAI...

1. A non-contact operation sensing device for a vehicle with a vehicle body that includes a metal component, the non-contact operation sensing device, comprising:a capacitance sensor including a wire loop electrode configured with one loop-shaped electric wire that changes capacitance according to a non-contact operation with respect to the vehicle body, wherein
the electric wire includes folded back portions arranged in parallel,
an interval between the folded back portions of the electric wire is narrower at a portion close to the metal component than at a portion distant from the metal component.

US Pat. No. 10,712,178

POSITION DETECTION DEVICE FOR DETECTING POSITION OF AN OBJECT MOVING IN A PREDETERMINED DIRECTION, AND A MAGNETIC SENSOR FOR USE WITH THE POSITION DETECTION DEVICE

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A position detection device for detecting a position of an object moving in a predetermined direction, comprising:a first magnetic field generation unit for generating a first magnetic field;
a second magnetic field generation unit for generating a second magnetic field, the second magnetic field generation unit being provided such that its position relative to the first magnetic field generation unit is variable; and
a magnetic sensor for generating a detection signal corresponding to a direction of a detection-target magnetic field at a detection position in a reference plane, wherein
the detection-target magnetic field is a composite magnetic field of a first magnetic field component and a second magnetic field component,
the first magnetic field component is a component of the first magnetic field at the detection position, the component of the first magnetic field being parallel to the reference plane,
the second magnetic field component is a component of the second magnetic field at the detection position, the component of the second magnetic field being parallel to the reference plane,
the first and second magnetic field generation units are configured so that when the position of the object varies, a position of the second magnetic field generation unit relative to the first magnetic field generation unit varies, and further configured so that when the position of the second magnetic field generation unit relative to the first magnetic field generation unit varies, a strength of the second magnetic field component varies whereas none of a strength and direction of the first magnetic field component and a direction of the second magnetic field component vary,
the detection signal varies in value according to the position of the second magnetic field generation unit relative to the first magnetic field generation unit,
the magnetic sensor includes at least one magnetoresistive element,
the least one magnetoresistive element includes a magnetization pinned layer having a magnetization whose direction is fixed, and a free layer having a magnetization whose direction is variable according to the direction of the detection-target magnetic field,
the reference plane is a plane that contains the direction of the magnetization of the magnetization pinned layer and the direction of the detection-target magnetic field, and
in the reference plane, each of two directions orthogonal to the direction of the magnetization of the magnetization pinned layer is different from both of the direction of the first magnetic field component and the direction of the second magnetic field component.

US Pat. No. 10,712,177

POSITION DETECTION DEVICE

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A position detection device for detecting a detection-target position that varies within a predetermined movable range, comprising:a first position detector;
a second position detector; and
a signal generator for generating a position detection signal corresponding to the detection-target position, wherein
the first position detector includes a first magnetic field generation unit for generating a first magnetic field, a second magnetic field generation unit for generating a second magnetic field, and a first magnetic sensor,
the second position detector includes a third magnetic field generation unit for generating a third magnetic field, a fourth magnetic field generation unit for generating a fourth magnetic field, and a second magnetic sensor,
the first magnetic sensor is configured to detect, at a first detection position in a first reference plane, a first detection-target magnetic field and to generate a first detection signal that varies in magnitude according to a direction of the first detection-target magnetic field, wherein the first detection-target magnetic field is a magnetic field component parallel to the first reference plane,
the second magnetic sensor is configured to detect, at a second detection position in a second reference plane, a second detection-target magnetic field and to generate a second detection signal that varies in magnitude according to a direction of the second detection-target magnetic field, wherein the second detection-target magnetic field is a magnetic field component parallel to the second reference plane,
the signal generator generates a sum of the first detection signal and the second detection signal as the position detection signal,
a position of the second magnetic field generation unit relative to the first magnetic field generation unit and a position of the fourth magnetic field generation unit relative to the third magnetic field generation unit vary in response to variations in the detection-target position,
when the detection-target position varies, a strength of a second magnetic field component varies whereas none of a strength and direction of a first magnetic field component and a direction of the second magnetic field component vary, wherein the first magnetic field component is a component of the first magnetic field at the first detection position, the component of the first magnetic field being parallel to the first reference plane, and the second magnetic field component is a component of the second magnetic field at the first detection position, the component of the second magnetic field being parallel to the first reference plane,
when the detection-target position varies, a strength of a fourth magnetic field component varies whereas none of a strength and direction of a third magnetic field component and a direction of the fourth magnetic field component vary, wherein the third magnetic field component is a component of the third magnetic field at the second detection position, the component of the third magnetic field being parallel to the second reference plane, and the fourth magnetic field component is a component of the fourth magnetic field at the second detection position, the component of the fourth magnetic field being parallel to the second reference plane,
the direction of the third magnetic field component is opposite to the direction of the first magnetic field component,
the direction of the fourth magnetic field component is opposite to the direction of the second magnetic field component, and
a variable range of the first detection signal corresponding to the predetermined movable range of the detection-target position includes a first reference value, and a variable range of the second detection signal corresponding to the predetermined movable range of the detection-target position includes a second reference value, wherein the first reference value is an average value of a maximum value and a minimum value of the first detection signal when the direction of the first detection-target magnetic field varies over a range of 360°, and the second reference value is an average value of a maximum value and a minimum value of the second detection signal when the direction of the second detection-target magnetic field varies over the range of 360°.

US Pat. No. 10,712,176

XMR ANGLE SENSORS

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. An angle sensor for measuring an external magnetic field with 360 degrees of uniqueness, comprising:a first anisotropic magnetoresistive (AMR) sensor element comprising a first AMR sensor layer;
a first exchange bias effect biasing stack comprising multiple layers underlying and integrated with the first AMR sensor element;
an insulating layer underlying the exchange bias effect biasing stack;
a second exchange bias effect biasing stack underlying the insulating layer such that a magnetization direction of the second exchange bias effect biasing stack is rotated with respect to a magnetization direction of the first exchange bias effect biasing stack;
a second AMR sensor element comprising a second AMR sensor layer underlying the second exchange bias effect biasing stack such that the second AMR sensor element and the second exchange bias effect biasing stack mirror the first AMR sensor element and the first exchange bias effect biasing stack about the insulating layer; and
one or more contacts connected to the second AMR sensor layer.

US Pat. No. 10,712,175

MATERIAL TESTER

Shimadzu Corporation, Ky...

1. A material tester comprising:a noise removal filter to which data on a variation of a physical amount output from a sensor is input;
an integrator configured to integrate data subjected to filtering of the filter; and
a display unit configured to display the data,
wherein a filter circuit of the filter has:
“n” data delay elements cascaded to sequentially accumulate input data from the sensor,
an adder configured to obtain a total sum of data output from each of the “n” delay elements,
a divider configured to output a quotient value obtained by dividing an output of the adder by the number “n” of the delay elements as averaged data and output a remainder value, both of the quotient value and the remainder value being positive or negative values, and the divider being configured to output a remainder to a remainder delay element, the remainder being an absolute value of the remainder value and equal to or less than “½” of a divisor “n”, and
a circuit configured to add an output of the remainder delay element to the adder.

US Pat. No. 10,712,173

DIAGNOSTIC APPARATUS AND DIAGNOSTIC METHOD FOR ROTATIONAL ANGLE SENSOR, AND CONTROL APPARATUS FOR ACTUATOR

Hitachi Automotive System...

1. A diagnostic apparatus for a rotational angle sensor that outputs two correlated signals which change in response to a rotational angle, the diagnostic apparatus comprising:a processor, wherein
the processor is configured to determine whether or not a failure has occurred in a rotational angle sensor based on whether or not a numerical value obtained from the two correlated signals is within a predetermined range and the processor is configured to determine that the failure determination has been erroneously made when the numerical value is within the predetermined range and the rotational angle is within a range of from 30° to 60°, 120° to 150°, 210° to 240°, or from 300° to 330°,
the two correlated signals are a sine wave signal and a cosine wave signal, respectively,
the numerical value is a sum of squares of the sine and cosine wave signals,
the rotational angle is obtained by calculating an arctangent of the sine and cosine wave signals,
the processor is configured to read the two correlated signals,
the numerical value and the rotational angle are calculated by the processor based on the two correlated signals, and
the rotational angle sensor is a resolver comprising a rotor that rotates integrally with a rotational body, and a stator with one phase of an exciting coil and two phases of output coils.

US Pat. No. 10,712,172

ACCELEROMETER-BASED SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR QUANTIFYING STEPS

SAVVYSHERPA, LLC, Minnea...

1. A system for counting steps, the system comprising:an accelerometer coupled to an individual, the accelerometer generating accelerometer outputs;
a processor in communication with the accelerometer; and
a non-transitory computer readable medium in communication with the processor, the non-transitory computer-readable medium storing instructions controlling the processor to:
determine readings using the accelerometer outputs;
identify counted amplitudes, each of the counted amplitudes comprising a difference between a maximum reading and a minimum reading during a time period in which the maximum reading exceeds a rest threshold, the rest threshold determined by:
receiving readings from the accelerometer during a period of rest,
identifying a rest maximum, the rest maximum comprising a greatest reading generated by the accelerometer during the period of rest, and
determining the rest threshold using the rest maximum;
determine an amplitude threshold for each time period having a counted amplitude, the amplitude threshold comprising a first weighted average of two or more counted amplitudes;
identify counted peak heights, each of the counted peak heights comprising the maximum reading during a time period in which the amplitude is greater than the amplitude threshold;
determine a peak threshold for each time period having a counted peak height, the peak threshold comprising a first weighted average of two or more counted peak heights; and
increment a counter if the counted peak height exceeds the peak threshold associated with the time period in which the counted peak height occurred, a number stored by the counter representing the number of steps taken by the individual.

US Pat. No. 10,712,171

DEVICE, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING SPEED OF A VEHICLE USING A POSITIONAL INFORMATION DEVICE

Intellectual Ventures II ...

1. A system for monitoring and evaluating driver behavior, the system comprising:a device placed in a vehicle, wherein the device includes:
a locational information module configured to determine a speed of the vehicle; and
a date and time module configured to determine a time of day at which the vehicle is being driven; and
a server communicatively coupled to the device and configured to:
receive the speed of the vehicle and the time of day at which the vehicle is being driven;
compare the speed of the vehicle to a threshold speed; and
store a record of whether the speed of the vehicle is higher than the threshold speed and the time of day at which the vehicle is being driven in a database.

US Pat. No. 10,712,170

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING A POINT OF INTEREST

BEIJING DIDI INFINITY TEC...

1. A system configured to operating an online on-demand service platform, comprising:a bus;
a storage medium electronically connected to the bus, including a set of instructions for determining a point of interest (POI); and
logic circuits in communication with the storage medium via the bus, wherein when executing the set of instructions, the logic circuits are configured to cause the system to:
receive, from a terminal, electronic signals including information relating to a target location associated with a user;
determine a target geocode value relating to the target location;
obtain a geocode structure for determining POIs; and
determine at least one POI relating to the target location based on the geocode structure and the target geocode value,wherein the geocode structure is generated by a process for generating a geocode structure, the process comprising:obtaining a plurality of sample locations from a storage device;
determining a sample longitude value and a sample latitude value for each of the plurality of sample locations;
determining a sample geocode value for the each of the plurality of sample locations based on the sample longitude value of the each of the plurality of sample locations and the sample latitude value of the each of the plurality of sample locations;
generating a plurality of nodes of the geocode structure based on the sample geocode values; and
saving the geocode structure into the storage device.

US Pat. No. 10,712,169

NETWORK SYSTEM TO DETERMINE A ROUTE BASED ON TIMING DATA

Uber Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A computer system comprising:one or more processors; and
one or more memory resources storing instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the computer system to:
receive, over a network from a user device of a user, a first set of data corresponding to a query related to a service, the first set of data indicating a service location;
in response to receiving the first set of data, identify available items for selection by the user in association with the service, wherein the available items are to be provided by a plurality of entities;
receive, over the network from the user device, a second set of data corresponding a first selection of a user first set of one or more items from the available items, wherein the first set of one or more items is to be provided by a first entity of the plurality of entities;
receive, over the network from the user device, a third set of data corresponding to a second user selection of a second set of one or more items from the available items, wherein the second set of one or more items is to be provided by a second entity of the plurality of entities;
determine, based at least in part on the service location and respective preparation timing information associated with each item of the first set of one or more items and the second set of one or more items selected by the user, a route of travel for a service provider to fulfill a request for service for the first set of one or more items and the second set of one or more items; and
cause the determined route of travel for the service provider to be presented on a provider device of the service provider to enable the service provider to fulfill the request for service to the service location.

US Pat. No. 10,712,168

SUBMAP GEOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS

UATC, LLC, San Francisco...

1. A method comprising:obtaining, with a computer system comprising one or more processors, map data associated with a map of a geographic location including one or more roadways, wherein the map includes a first submap represented by a first local Euclidean space and a second submap represented by a second local Euclidean space;
determining, with the computer system, a route that includes a first roadway in the first submap and a second roadway in the second submap using a first projection between a global coordinate system and the first local Euclidean space and a second projection between the global coordinate system and the second local Euclidean space; and
providing, with the computer system, the route to an autonomous vehicle (AV) for driving on the first roadway and the second roadway,
wherein the first projection is centered at a first point in the global coordinate system and transforms global coordinates in the global coordinate system to local coordinates in the first local Euclidean space of the first submap, wherein the second projection is centered at a second point in the global coordinate system that is different than the first point and transforms the global coordinates in the global coordinate system to local coordinates in the second local Euclidean space of the second submap, wherein the first point in the global coordinate system corresponds to an origin point of the first local Euclidean space, and wherein the second point in the global coordinate system corresponds to an origin point of the second local Euclidean space.

US Pat. No. 10,712,167

METHODS, SYSTEMS, AND DEVICES FOR DISPLAYING MAPS

Alibaba Group Holding Lim...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:receiving, by a terminal device, an input query specifying a target location to be presented within a map displayed on a screen of the terminal device;
receiving, by the terminal device, a user input selecting a current location that is currently presented within the map displayed on the screen of the terminal device, the user input comprising a user press and hold operation performed on the screen of the terminal device;
generating, by the terminal device, a request message indicating a request for a location relationship between the current location and the target location, the request message comprising an identifier of the current location;
transmitting, by the terminal device, the request message to a map server configured to determine a geographical location of the current location and a geographical location of the target location;
receiving, by the terminal device and from the map server, a location relationship between the current location and the target location, wherein the location relationship is determined based on the geographical location of the current location and the geographical location of the target location;
detecting, by the terminal device, a predetermined operation used to trigger transmitting of a return instruction to the map server, wherein the return instruction is used to instruct to return from a first map view that displays the current location and a graphical indicator, to a second map view corresponding to the target location;
in response to detecting the predetermined operation, transmitting, by the terminal device, the return instruction to the map server;
receiving, by the terminal device and from the map server, the second map view; and
displaying, by the terminal device, the second map view corresponding to the target location and the graphical indicator representing the location relationship between the target location of the input query and the current location of the user press and hold operation, the graphical indicator comprising an indicator line and a distance value that are determined based on the location relationship, the indicator line comprising a straight line connecting a representation of the current location to a representation of the target location, the distance value representing a distance between the current location and the target location depicted by the indicator line.

US Pat. No. 10,712,166

ELECTRONIC NAVIGATION SYSTEMS WITH USER AND SIMULATION PROFILES

FLIR BELGIUM BVBA, Meer ...

10. A method comprising:retrieving a profile defining settings of a user interface of a mobile structure, wherein the user interface comprises a display, and wherein the profile comprises simulation data configured to simulate live data for demonstrating functions of the user interface;
determining that the profile is activated; and
configuring the user interface based on the settings defined by the profile, wherein the settings of the user interface are associated with controlling operation of a sensor system for the mobile structure and selective generation of at least one display view for the display of the user interface that is associated with the controlling operation of the sensor system.

US Pat. No. 10,712,165

TRAVEL ROUTES BASED ON COMMUNICATION CHANNEL AVAILABILITY

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A system of determining a travel route comprising:a processor programmed to initiate executable operations comprising:
receiving, from a communication device, indications of an origin and a destination of intended travel, wherein the communication device is configured to communicate using a plurality of different types of communication channels;
receiving from the communication device a plurality of communication parameters;
determining a plurality of suggested travel routes between the origin and the destination, wherein each of the plurality of suggested travel routes is determined based on a respective availability of each of the plurality of different types of communication channels, or each of a plurality of different groups of the plurality of different types of communication channels, satisfying a respective threshold value for a preferred minimum level of availability specified by the communication parameters, and based on each suggested travel route not having a dead zone that exceeds a maximum communication dead zone indicated by the communication parameters;
determining at least a subset of the determined plurality of suggested travel routes and, for each of route in the subset, determining a percentage of the route that communication channel availability or connectivity will be maintained and determining recommended modes of communication suitable for use along the route; and
displaying, via the communication device, visual information, or generating, via the communication device, an audio output signal, indicating at least the subset of the determined plurality of suggested travel routes to a user, and, for each of route in the subset, indicating the percentage of the route that communication channel availability or connectivity will be maintained and indicating recommended modes of communication suitable for use along the route.

US Pat. No. 10,712,164

TRAVEL ROUTES BASED ON COMMUNICATION CHANNEL AVAILABILITY

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of determining a travel route, comprising:receiving, from a communication device, indications of an origin and a destination of intended travel, wherein the communication device is configured to communicate using a plurality of different types of communication channels;
receiving from the communication device a plurality of communication parameters;
determining, using a processor, a plurality of suggested travel routes between the origin and the destination, wherein each of the plurality of suggested travel routes is determined based on a respective availability of each of the plurality of different types of communication channels, or each of a plurality of different groups of the plurality of different types of communication channels, satisfying a respective threshold value for a preferred minimum level of availability specified by the communication parameters, and based on each suggested travel route not having a dead zone that exceeds a maximum communication dead zone indicated by the communication parameters;
determining, using the processor, at least a subset of the determined plurality of suggested travel routes and, for each of route in the subset, determining a percentage of the route that communication channel availability or connectivity will be maintained and determining recommended modes of communication suitable for use along the route; and
displaying, via the communication device, visual information, or generating, via the communication device, an audio output signal, indicating at least the subset of the determined plurality of suggested travel routes to a user, and, for each of route in the subset, indicating the percentage of the route that communication channel availability or connectivity will be maintained and indicating recommended modes of communication suitable for use along the route.

US Pat. No. 10,712,163

VEHICLE ROUTING AND NOTIFICATIONS BASED ON CHARACTERISTICS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

9. A system, comprising:a processor programmed to initiate executable operations comprising:
receiving, in real time, data indicating current driving characteristics of a driver driving a vehicle, the data indicating the current driving characteristics being generated, at least in part, by a plurality of sensors in the vehicle;
based on the data indicating the current driving characteristics of the driver, determining a driving profile for the driver;
categorizing the driving profile for the driver into a driving pattern category;
determining an intended destination of the driver driving the vehicle;
identifying a plurality of candidate travel routes for the driver to reach the intended destination and, for each of the candidate travel routes, identifying a plurality of route segments;
based on the driving pattern category into which the driving profile is categorized, determining, for each of the plurality of route segments, a probability that the current driving characteristics of the driver will cause a traffic accident;
determining the route segments for which the probability that the current driving characteristics of the driver will cause the traffic accident exceeds a threshold value; and
communicating to the driver or the vehicle a notification indicating that the probability that the current driving characteristics of the driver will cause the traffic accident exceeds the threshold value on the determined route segments.

US Pat. No. 10,712,162

METHOD AND A COMPUTER SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING A ROUTE OR A ROUTE DURATION FOR A JOURNEY FROM A SOURCE LOCATION TO A TARGET LOCATION

1. A method for providing a route or a route duration for a journey from a source location to a target location, the method comprising:(a) receiving a request comprising the source location and the target location;
(b) generating the route or the route duration; and
(c) responding to the request with information comprising a representation of the route or the route duration;the method characterized by the generating comprising:(d) determining two or more travel durations, wherein each travel duration:
i. is a mathematical random variable that is non-trivial, and
ii. describes a duration of travel from the source location to the target location; and
(e) using a mathematical random variable M that is a minimum of the two or more travel durations.

US Pat. No. 10,712,161

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF NAVIGATION

ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIM...

1. A method comprising:dividing a route into one or more sections;
calculating a speed that a vehicle will pass through each section of the one or more sections based on traffic information associated with the route and a speed at which the vehicle will pass through each section of the one or more sections;
calculating an amount of time required to pass through each section of the route;
calculating an amount of time required to pass through traffic lights present on the route based on traffic light information; and
calculating a transportation time of the route based on the amount of time required to pass through traffic lights present on the route and the amount of time required to pass through each section of the route.

US Pat. No. 10,712,160

VEHICLE TRACTION MAP FOR AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES

UATC, LLC, San Francisco...

1. A method of operating an autonomous vehicle, the method comprising:receiving, by a computing system comprising one or more computing devices, sensor data from at least one sensor of the autonomous vehicle;
determining, by the computing system, a first traction value based on the sensor data from the at least one sensor of the autonomous vehicle, the first traction value being correlative to a coefficient of friction;
associating, by the computing system, the first traction value with a first location of a first road surface;
determining, by the computing system, a second traction value of a second location of a second road surface by spatially extrapolating the first traction value of the first location with respect to the second location based on a comparison of respective road characteristics of the first location and the second location, the second location being spaced apart from the first location; and
storing, by the computing system, the first traction value with the first location and the second traction value with the second location.

US Pat. No. 10,712,159

CRITICAL SYSTEM OPERATIONS AND SIMULATIONS USING WEARABLE IMMERSIVE AUGMENTED REALITY TECHNOLOGY

1. A WIAR (wearable immersive augmented reality) based navigation system, comprising:a WIAR device for displaying marine navigation data and receiving command inputs;
a middleware component that interfaces with the WIAR device and a navigation system of a marine vessel;
a display coordinator that determines a set of display items to display on the WIAR device, wherein the set of display items are determined in response to an operational mode of the marine vessel; and
a knowledge engine for:
analyzing one of local knowledge, transit knowledge or ship handling knowledge; and
displaying an associated knowledge display item.

US Pat. No. 10,712,158

OPEN TERRAIN NAVIGATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Elbit Systems Land and C4...

1. A navigation system through a terrain, the system comprising:at least one sensor mounted on a vehicle and configured to capture terrain-related data,
a classifier configured to receive a terrain-related data comprising at least one image of a terrain and to determine, based on the at least one image of the terrain, at least one classified image of the terrain comprising multiple patches of classified pixels, wherein each patch of classified pixels of the multiple patches of classified pixels is represented as a specific class of a specified number of classes associated with predetermined physical parameters of the respective class;
a physical traversability module configured to
generate, based on the at least one classified image of the terrain, a terrain topography, given vehicle dynamic parameters, and, using a predetermined vehicle physical dynamic model comprising vehicle behavior patterns associated with the physical parameters, a vectorial dynamic physical traversability map of the terrain comprising physical traversability measures of the vehicle at specific points or regions in the terrain in a plurality of directions that include at least two opposite directions and further comprising possible movement directions and possible directions of approach and departure of the vehicle at the specific points or regions and along the specific regions thereof,
a routing module configured to derive, based on the vectorial dynamic physical traversability map of the terrain, at least one route through the terrain, and
a graphical user interface configured to display, upon the at least one image of the terrain, the at least one route according to the movement directions thereof;
wherein the physical traversability module is further configured to determine the physical traversability measures, further based on the captured terrain-related data; and
wherein the physical traversability module is further arranged to apply a full physical simulation of a vehicle's motion through the whole at least one route using the predetermined vehicle physical dynamic model and based on the at least one classified image of the terrain, the terrain topography and the given vehicle dynamic parameters, to thereby determine a route information concerning the physicality of the vehicle's motion along the at least one route.

US Pat. No. 10,712,157

PHYSICAL QUANTITY SENSOR, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, AND VEHICLE

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A physical quantity sensor comprising:a base;
a suspension beam facing the base;
an anchor fixing the suspension beam to the base;
a fixed electrode extending orthogonally from the suspension beam, in a plan view; and
a movable electrode facing the fixed electrode across an interval,
wherein a width of the suspension beam is tapered from a proximal end adjacent the anchor to a distal end distant from the anchor, in the plan view.

US Pat. No. 10,712,156

STRUCTURE USING FERROELECTRIC FILM AND SENSOR USING SAID STRUCTURE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A structure comprising:a substrate;
a first layer provided on the substrate;
a second layer provided on the first layer; and
a third layer provided on the second layer,
wherein
the first layer is a layer containing a compound represented by a chemical formula MIn2O4 using M as a metal element,
the second layer is a metal layer having a face-centered cubic structure, and
the third layer is a ferroelectric film.

US Pat. No. 10,712,155

TECHNOLOGIES FOR TRACKING AND LOCATING UNDERGROUND ASSETS

Howell Asset Locator, LLC...

1. A method of tracking an underground asset, the method comprising:determining, by a survey instrument, a current geographic location of the survey instrument positioned at a survey location, the survey location being proximate to an excavated area including an underground asset;
determining, by the survey instrument, a heading of an adjustable sensor group of the survey instrument aimed at a target measurement point on the underground asset;
measuring, by the survey instrument, a distance between the adjustable sensor group and the target measurement point on the underground asset;
determining, by the survey instrument, a pitch angle at which the adjustable sensor group is aimed at the target measurement point on the underground asset;
determining, by the survey instrument, a geographic location of the target measurement point on the underground asset based at least in part on the current geographic location of the survey instrument, the determined heading, the measured distance between the adjustable sensor group and the target measurement point, and the determined pitch angle at which the adjustable sensor group is aimed at the target measurement point;
determining, by the survey instrument, an effective height of the adjustable sensor group relative to an elevation corresponding to the survey location;
determining, by the survey instrument, a depth of at least a portion of the underground asset at the target measurement point based at least in part on the determined height of the adjustable sensor group relative to the elevation corresponding to the survey location, the measured distance between the adjustable sensor group and the target measurement point, and the determined pitch angle at which the adjustable sensor group is aimed at the target measurement point.

US Pat. No. 10,712,152

OVERLAY ERROR MEASUREMENT DEVICE AND COMPUTER PROGRAM

Hitachi High-Tech Corpora...

1. A system for measuring an overlay error between a plurality of patterns belonging to different layers included in an image data, the system comprising:an imaging tool including a detector, a beam source and a lens that focuses a beam emitted by the beam source, and being configured to obtain an image for overlay error measurement;
an input device configured to designate a plurality of regions with different luminance in the image, the plurality of regions belonging to a first layer; and
a computer including a processor, the processor being configured to execute program instructions stored in a memory, the program instructions being configured to cause the processor to:
receive the image for the overlay error measurement from the imaging tool,
execute, for the received image, a border search for the plurality of regions designated by the input device, and
measure the overlay error between a pattern defined by the border search for the plurality of regions and a second layer different from the first layer.

US Pat. No. 10,712,151

SENSOR DEVICE FOR DETERMINING ALIGNMENT/MISALIGNMENT OF A LASER BEAM RELATIVE TO A GAS NOZZLE OF A LASER MACHINING HEAD

1. A portable sensor device for determining alignment/misalignment of a laser beam relative to a gas nozzle of a laser machining head comprising:a sensor housing provided with mounting means adapted to mount the housing to a laser machining head, wherein the sensor housing is configured to be held safely by the mounting means to the laser machining head,
a camera device comprising a camera, the camera device is provided in the sensor housing, so that the camera faces the tip of the gas nozzle when the sensor housing is mounted to the laser machining head for visualizing an orifice of the gas nozzle and a pilot laser simultaneously, and
output means for outputting image signals obtained by the camera,
wherein the camera device comprises centering means arranged in a defined distance in front of the camera and adapted to center the camera against the gas nozzle when the sensor housing is mounted to the laser machining head.

US Pat. No. 10,712,150

DISPLACEMENT DETERMINATION USING OPTICAL MEASUREMENTS

Rolls-Royce Corporation, ...

1. A method, comprising:illuminating, using a light source, at least a portion of a turbine blade of an engine;
detecting, by a camera and using an optical detector, an image of the at least a portion of the turbine blade at a stationary condition, wherein the optical detector is coupled to a turbine case of the engine;
detecting, by the camera and using the optical detector, an image of the at least a portion of the turbine blade at a rotational speed and temperature;
determining, by a controller, a relative displacement of at least one timing probe from the at least a portion of the turbine blade at the rotational speed and temperature based on the image of the at least a portion of the turbine blade at the stationary condition and the image of the at least a portion of the turbine blade at the rotational speed and temperature, wherein the at least one timing probe is coupled to the turbine case; and
outputting, by the controller, the relative displacement of the at least one timing probe from the at least a portion of the turbine blade at the rotational speed and temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,712,149

FIBER OPTIC CABLE FOR MEASURING PRESSURE, TEMPERATURE, AND STRAIN DISTRIBUTIONS

NEUBREX CO., LTD., Kobe-...

1. A fiber optic cable for measuring pressure, temperature, and strain distributions comprising:an inner layer formed of an optical fiber sheathing metal tube and metal wires supporting the optical fiber sheathing metal tube, the optical fiber sheathing metal tube and the metal wires being mixedly arranged coaxially about an center axis of the fiber optic cable; and
an outer layer formed of a plurality of metal wires arranged coaxially with the inner layer to surround the inner layer,
wherein the inner layer and the outer layer are formed into a multilayer strand structure, and the strand structure has pressure blocking sections formed at intervals in an axial direction of fiber optic cable, to block an influence of a pressure propagating in the axial direction of fiber optic cable; and
wherein the optical fiber sheathing metal tube accommodates a pressure sensor optical fiber for measuring a pressure distribution of a measurement target on the basis of frequency changes of Brillouin scattering and Rayleigh scattering of pulse laser light entered into the sensor optical fiber, and is formed to have through holes.