US Pat. No. 10,656,278

DETECTING ASSET LOCATION DATA ANOMALIES

International Business Ma...

1. A computer implemented method for processing location sensor data, the computer implemented process comprising:receiving, by one or more computer processors, a defined area for tracking assets;
defining, by one or more computer processors, an overlay grid associated with the defined area, the overlay comprising a plurality of cells;
receiving, by one or more computer processors, location sensor data for a moving asset;
identifying, by one or more computer processors, a current location of a moving asset associated with the overlay grid;
calculating, by one or more computer processors according to a probability engine, a probability of transitioning from a previous location to a current location associated with overlay grid;
determining, by one or more computer processors, that the probability of transitioning from a previous location to a current location associated with the overlay grid, is less than a predetermined value;
registering, by one or more computer processors, an anomaly associated with the current location; and
identifying, by one or more computer processors, the current position as a last known position of the moving asset.

US Pat. No. 10,656,277

ADAPTIVE CONTROL OF LADAR SYSTEM CAMERA USING SPATIAL INDEX OF PRIOR LADAR RETURN DATA

AEYE, INC., Belleville, ...

1. A ladar system comprising:a ladar transmitter configured to transmit a plurality of ladar pulse shots into a coordinate space toward a plurality of range points;
a camera configured to generate images of a field of view that encompasses the coordinate space;
a memory configured to spatially index ladar return data for prior ladar pulse shots by location in the coordinate space, wherein the spatial index comprises a tree structure having a root node, a plurality of branches, and a plurality of leaf nodes, wherein the leaf nodes associate the ladar return data with corresponding locations in the coordinate space; and
a processor configured to (1) traverse the tree structure based on an identified range point location in the coordinate space to identify leaf nodes in the tree structure that include ladar return data associated with locations within a defined vicinity around the identified range point location, (2) extract ladar return data from the identified leaf nodes, and (3) define a control setting for the camera based on an analysis of the extracted ladar return data; and
wherein the camera is further configured to generate new images of the field of view based on the defined control setting.

US Pat. No. 10,656,276

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR INWARD-LOOKING DEPTH SCANNING OF A SCAN ZONE

Verizon Patent and Licens...

1. A depth scanning system comprising:a first depth scanning device having a first scan head and configured to
be disposed on a boundary of a scan zone at a first location where a first pair of segments of the boundary meet to form a first angle that includes the scan zone,
perform a first sequence of depth scanning operations where the first depth scanning device detects, from a first vantage point of the first location, depth data for surfaces included within the scan zone by rotating, for each depth scanning operation in the first sequence of depth scanning operations, the first scan head to sweep a first scan field across the first angle and
aim, at a particular moment during each depth scanning operation in the first sequence of depth scanning operations, the first scan field at a second vantage point of a second location where a second pair of segments of the boundary meet to form a second angle that includes the scan zone; and
a second depth scanning device having a second scan head and configured to
be disposed on the boundary of the scan zone at the second location,
perform, concurrently with the performance of the first sequence of depth scanning operations, a second sequence of depth scanning operations where the second depth scanning device detects, from the second vantage point at the second location, additional depth data for the surfaces included within the scan zone by rotating, for each depth scanning operation in the second sequence of depth scanning operations, the second scan head to sweep a second scan field across the second angle, and
aim, at the particular moment during each depth scanning operation, the second scan field at the first vantage point of the first location.

US Pat. No. 10,656,275

REMOTE SENSING FOR DETECTION AND RANGING OF OBJECTS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A system for sensing objects, the system comprising:a light source;
a camera;
a light radar (lidar) system;
a region of interest identification circuit identifying a region of interest corresponding to an object and a first range of distance to the region of interest, the first range of distance to the region of interest being determined based on a delayed timing relationship between the camera and the light source, the delayed timing relationship including an illumination of the light source followed by a delay for a period of time corresponding to the first range of distance and an opening of an exposure window of the camera at a first time after the period of time has elapsed, the exposure window being closed at a second time, the first time corresponding to a first edge of a photon collection zone and the second time corresponding to a second edge of the photon collection zone, the region of interest being in the photon collection zone; and
a range refining circuit refining the first range to a second range of distance to the region of interest by probing the region of interest using the lidar system, the second range having a lower uncertainty than the first range.

US Pat. No. 10,656,273

METHOD FOR OPERATING ON OPTOELECTRONIC SENSOR OF A MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING VARIABLE ACTIVATION OF A LIGHT SOURCE, OPTOELECTRONIC SENSOR, DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM, AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Valeo Schalter und Sensor...

1. A method for operating an optoelectronic sensor of a motor vehicle, the method comprising:during a measuring cycle for detecting an object, emitting light pulses using an emitting unit;
receiving the light pulses reflected from the object using a receiving unit;
activating a light source of the emitting unit at determined emission points in time to emit the light pulses; and
deflecting the light pulses, using a deflection unit of the emitting unit, within a predetermined angle range,
wherein the light source is activated in such a way that time intervals between the determined emission points in time differ from one another,
wherein the deflection unit has a mirror element, which is periodically deflected to deflect a light pulse,
wherein a deflection angle of the mirror element is determined and the light source is activated in dependence on the determined deflection angle,
wherein a plurality of angle positions for the emission of the light pulses is determined within the angle range, an emission deflection angle is determined for each of the angle positions, and the respective light pulse is emitted if the deflection angle of the mirror element corresponds to one of the emission deflection angles,
wherein on the basis of the present deflection angle of the mirror element, an emission deflection angle closest to the present deflection angle is determined and the light pulse is emitted if the present deflection angle corresponds to the closest emission deflection angle,
wherein a waiting time is determined on the basis of the present deflection angle and the closest emission deflection angle, after the passage of which the mirror element will reach the closest emission deflection angle, and the light pulse will be emitted after the passage of the waiting time, and
wherein the mirror element is an oscillating mirror element.

US Pat. No. 10,656,272

LADAR SYSTEM AND METHOD WITH POLARIZED RECEIVERS

AEYE, INC., Belleville, ...

1. A ladar system comprising:a first receiver that receives a ladar return from a ladar pulse with a known transmit polarization;
a second receiver that receives the ladar return from the ladar pulse with the known transmit polarization; and
a control circuit that (1) measures incident polarization signals at the first and second receivers with respect to the received ladar return and (2) separates a retro-reflective portion of the received ladar return from a non-retro-reflective portion of the received ladar return based on the measured incident polarization signals and the known transmit polarization;
wherein the control circuit comprises mixing logic that combines the measured incident polarization signals from the first and second receivers as a weighted sum of the measured incident polarization signals from the first and second receivers so as to mitigate retro-reflector interference.

US Pat. No. 10,656,271

TIME-OF-FLIGHT DISTANCE MEASUREMENT DEVICE AND METHOD FOR SAME

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A time-of-flight distance measurement device comprising:a light emitting element configured to emit a modulated light modulated in a pattern having a repetitive period toward a space;
a driving unit configured to set a duty of a light emission waveform to be shorter than 50% and to drive the light emitting element at the duty;
a light receiving element configured to distribute charges of photoelectron generated corresponding to an incident light containing a reflected light obtained by reflecting the modulated light on an object to a plurality of storage capacitors and to store, as a charge amount of the photoelectron, the distributed charges;
a control unit configured to discard the charges generated according to the incident light without integrating the charges to control an exposure of the light receiving element; and
a signal processing unit configured to measure a distance to the object by using a value sampled by the light receiving element, wherein
the control unit is configured to control the exposure of the light receiving element to give a sensitivity to at least one high-order harmonic, and
the signal processing unit is configured to linearly combine a component of a fundamental wave with a component of the at least one high-order harmonic to measure the distance to the object.

US Pat. No. 10,656,270

OBJECT DETECTION DEVICE, OBJECT DETECTION METHOD, AND PROGRAM

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. An object detection device comprising:a light source that outputs a first signal toward an object;
a sensor comprising a plurality of detection units each detecting a second signal generated when the first signal is reflected by the object as a signal representing a distance to the object present in an observed area and a shape of the object, wherein the plurality of detection units comprises three or more detection units; and
a hardware controller, being configured to function as:
a data acquiring unit that acquires, for each of the plurality of detection units, a detection signal waveform represented as a change in an intensity of the second signal with respect to time; and
an object information determining unit that determines a presence range of the object by determining whether two or more arbitrary detection units correspond to the same object or different objects on the basis of the detection signal waveform.

US Pat. No. 10,656,268

ACOUSTIC SPATIAL DIAGNOSTICS FOR SMART HOME MANAGEMENT

ON SEMICONDUCTOR CONNECTI...

1. A method comprising:training a smart transceiver with spatial context conditions by sampling an acoustic environment via an array of microphones operatively coupled to the smart transceiver;
generating an acoustic spatial map of activity within the acoustic environment based on sets of acoustic samples;
analyzing the acoustic spatial map to identify a particular acoustic profile in the acoustic environment; and
correlating the acoustic profile to a physical object to determine that the physical object is present in the acoustic environment.

US Pat. No. 10,656,267

UNDERWATER ACOUSTIC TRACKING AND TWO WAY MESSAGING SYSTEM

OceanServer Technology, I...

1. A method for tracking a position of an underwater device, comprising:providing a beacon on or below the surface of the water, the beacon being located in a known position;
providing a device-to-track below the surface of the water, the device-to-track having data locating its position with respect to the beacon;
providing each of the beacon and the device-to-track with a synchronized time base;
sending a first location acoustic pulse from the device to locate to the beacon, the timing of the range acoustic pulse representing a first location information representing the position of the device-to-track from the device to locate to the beacon;
sending a second location acoustic pulse from the device to locate to the beacon, the timing of the second range acoustic pulse representing a second location information representing the position of the device-to-track from the device to locate to the beacon;
calculating the location of the device to be tracked based on an arrival time of the first location information at the beacon, an arrival time of the second location information at the beacon, and the known position of the beacon.

US Pat. No. 10,656,266

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR ESTIMATING STORAGE CAPACITY AND IDENTIFYING ACTIONS BASED ON SOUND DETECTION

Walmart Apollo, LLC, Ben...

1. A storage capacity estimation and action identification system, comprising:an array of microphones disposed in an area of a facility that includes a plurality of storage units, the microphones being configured to detect arbitrary sounds in the area and to detect reflections of the arbitrary sounds from at least one of the plurality of storage units, the microphones being configured to output time varying electrical signals upon detection of the arbitrary sounds and the reflections; and
a computing system operatively coupled to the array of microphones, the computing system programmed to:
receive the time varying electrical signals associated with the arbitrary sounds and the reflections;
determine which of the arbitrary sounds correspond to each of the reflections; andestimate an available capacity of the at least one storage unit based on a relationship of the arbitrary sounds to the reflections corresponding to the arbitrary sounds.

US Pat. No. 10,656,265

MINING WORK MACHINE

HITACHI CONSTRUCTION MACH...

1. A mining work machine including:a periphery detection device that radially irradiates millimeter-waves forward in a traveling direction, receives reflected waves from a plurality of measurement points, and periodically detects positions of the measurement points and speeds of the measurement points relative to the mining work machine, and
a speed sensor that detects a traveling speed of the mining work machine, wherein:
the mining work machine further comprises an obstacle determination device that determines whether an obstacle candidate is a non-obstacle which would not interfere with traveling of the mining work machine; and
the obstacle determination device comprises: a grouping processing section that puts the detected measurement points into a single group, in which the measurement points are located on the same obstacle candidate, if the detected measurement points are equal to or smaller than predetermined size thresholds equivalent in size to the mining work machine,
a stationary/moving determination section that, based on the relative speeds of the obstacle candidate at the measurement points put into the group and the traveling speed of the mining work machine as detected in a current cycle, determines whether the obstacle candidate is a stationary object or a moving object, and
a size determination section that determines a type of the obstacle candidate based on a result of a comparison between a size of the obstacle candidate associated with the measurement points put into the group by the grouping processing section and the predetermined size thresholds.

US Pat. No. 10,656,264

LINEAR VIRTUAL FENCE SYSTEM USING RADAR AND REFLECTOR

Bitsensing Inc., Seoul (...

1. A system comprising:a radar including a transmitter and a receiver, the transmitter configured to transmit an electromagnetic wave;
a reflector placed a predetermined distance away from the radar, the reflector configured to reflect the transmitted electromagnetic wave back to the receiver; and
a control unit coupled to the radar and configured to
measure a magnitude of the reflected electromagnetic wave received at the receiver from the reflector by measuring Doppler information corresponding to the predetermined distance of the reflector,
measure a reference value of the magnitude of the reflected electromagnetic wave when no intrusions are occurring, which is indicated by the Doppler information corresponding to the predetermined distance, and
trigger an alarm when the magnitude of the reflected electromagnetic wave indicates a change in radar cross section (RCS) from the reference value by more than a threshold percentage, which is indicated by the Doppler information corresponding to a value different from the predetermined distance.

US Pat. No. 10,656,263

EXTENDED LOCALIZATION RANGE AND ASSETS TRACKING

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A device comprising:a transceiver configured to:
transmit a first set of wireless signals, in a first frequency band, detectable by RFID (radio frequency identification) transponder devices;
a transmitter configured to:
transmit a second set of wireless signals, at a second frequency band different from the first frequency band, detectable by the RFID transponder devices; and
a controller communicatively coupled to the transceiver and the transmitter, wherein the controller is configured to:
receive, via the transceiver, a set of reply wireless signals, in the first frequency band, from one or more of the RFID transponder devices responsive to the first set of wireless signals, wherein the set of reply wireless signals comprising identification information that are associated with the one or more of the RFID transponder devices and orientation information that is representative of relative orientation of the respective one or more of the RFID transponder devices to the device, and wherein the orientation information is based on the second set of wireless signals; and
determine location information for at least one of the one or more of the RFID transponder devices based on the identification data and the orientation information.

US Pat. No. 10,656,262

AIRBORNE PRECISION DOPPLER VELOCITY RADAR

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method comprising:transmitting a radar signal with an antenna unit of an airborne platform, wherein a beamwidth of the antenna unit covers a hemisphere underneath an aircraft;
receiving at least one radar reflection with the antenna unit;
determining, by one or more processors, if a falling edge of a Doppler signature of the received radar reflection is greater than a threshold amplitude, wherein the threshold amplitude of the Doppler signature is an amplitude level that reduces reflections from undesirable moving objects, and wherein the Doppler signature is a magnitude of the reflections that the radar unit received and a frequency offset associated with the least one radar reflection;
determining, by the one or more processors, a signal representative of an airspeed based on the falling edge of the threshold amplitude of the Doppler signature exceeding the threshold;
providing the signal representative of the airspeed to an inertial measurement system;
determining location parameters of the airborne platform by the inertial measurement system, including determining at least one sensor adjustment for the inertial measurement unit based on the signal representative of the airspeed to offset a drift or bias in the inertial measurement unit; and
operating the inertial measurement system in a mode having the sensor adjustment.

US Pat. No. 10,656,261

UNIVERSAL METHOD FOR PRECISE PROJECTILE FLIGHT PREDICTION

Bowie State University, ...

1. A universal method of exact analytical solution of an unguided and unpowered projectile flight on a chosen rotating planet comprising the following steps:inputting of two consequently detected projectile initial (launching L) and next to it radial positions ro and r1, latitudes LLa and La1, longitudes LLo and Lo1, velocities Vo and V1 for determining launching angle
and bearing angle
processing input by defining a projectile flight (in gravitational field of a chosen planet of mass M rotating with angular velocity ?) constants
initial radial speed Vro=Vo sin(?o),
initial altitudinal speed V?o=Vo cos(?o)·cos(?),
initial azimuthal speed V?o=Vo cos(?o)·sin(?)+ro·?·cos(LLa),
angular momentum

altitudinal coefficient

magnitude of total energy

(where ? is gravitational constant),
flight constant K=?2M2?2eL2,
maximum elevation

estimating exact projectile flight parameters
for launching angle ?o>0:
ascending radial coordinate ra=ro:ri:(+1m),
ascending R-function

ascending time

ascending latitude

ascending longitude

ascending speed

R-function at maximum elevation

time to maximum elevation

maximum elevation
latitude

longitude

speed at maximum elevation

descending radial coordinate rd=rmax:ri:(?1m),
descending R-function

descending time

descending latitude

descending longitude

descending speed

launching angle ?o?0:
descending radial coordinate rd=Ro:ri:(?1m),
descending R-function

descending time

descending latitude

descending longitude

descending speed

outputting predicted projectile flight parameters without necessity of its monitoring by
printing trajectory radial, longitudinal and latitudinal coordinates together with projectile velocities at corresponding times and
plotting 3-D trajectory marking time and speed at desired locations.

US Pat. No. 10,656,260

METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR SPEED AND/OR POSITION SENSING

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A machine, comprising:a movable part;
a transmitter circuit configured to generate a radio signal;
a transmit waveguide coupled between the transmitter circuit and the movable part, wherein the transmit waveguide is configured separate from the transmitter circuit, the transmit waveguide being fixedly mounted and extending between the transmitter circuit and the movable part so as to guide the radio signal from the transmitter circuit to the movable part,
wherein the movable part is configured to reflect the radio signal;
a receiver circuit; and
a receive waveguide coupled between the movable part and the receiver circuit, wherein the receive waveguide is configured separate from the receiver circuit, the receive waveguide being fixedly mounted and extending between the receiver circuit and the movable part so as to guide the reflected radio signal from the movable part to the receiver circuit,
wherein the receiver circuit is configured to determine a position or a speed of the movable part based on at least the received reflected radio signal, and
wherein adjacent surface portions of the movable part are comprised of different respective surface materials configured to provide different alternating electromagnetic reflectivity for the radio signal to enable the receiver circuit to determine the position or the speed of the movable part.

US Pat. No. 10,656,259

METHOD FOR DETERMINING TRAJECTORIES OF MOVING PHYSICAL OBJECTS IN A SPACE ON THE BASIS OF SENSOR DATA OF A PLURALITY OF SENSORS

1. A method for determining trajectories of movable physical objects in an observed space on the basis of sensor data from a plurality of sensors using data objects and model objects which are instances of a data object class or a model object class, comprising the following steps:generating first data objects based on the sensor data, wherein each first data object comprises at least one timestamp and one location specification of a physical object detected by at least one of the plurality of sensors, and a validation function;
providing, based on the generated first data objects, at least one model object, which defines a parameterization function which describes a trajectory of a movable physical object with at least one variable parameter by
initializing a new model object and assigning one of the generated first data objects to the new model object if no model objects are already initialized;
if model objects are already initialized, calculating, for each of the generated first data objects, correspondence values by way of evaluating the validation function of the respective generated first data object for the model objects, the correspondence values being a measure for how likely it is that a respective one of the model objects corresponds to a real physical object in the observed space characterized by information comprised by the respective generated first data object;
for each of the generated first data objects determining if at least one of the correspondence values related to this data object lies in a predetermined range, and
if this is the case, assigning this data object to the one existing model object that is selected from among the existing model objects such that the correspondence value related to the respective data object and the selected existing model object corresponds to the highest likelihood among the existing model objects that the selected model object corresponds to the object represented by the respective data object;
if none of the correspondence values related to this data object lie in the predetermined range, initializing a new model object and assigning this data object to the new model object; and
performing, for each existing model object to which a generated first data object has been assigned, a numerical optimization of a target function for the existing model object by varying the at least one variable parameter of the parameterization function, wherein the target function is a function of parameter adaptation functions of at least some of the data objects assigned to the model object, and updating the at least one variable parameter of this model object based on the numerical optimization.

US Pat. No. 10,656,258

MEASUREMENT ACCURACY CLASSIFIER FOR HIGH-RESOLUTION RANGING

GREINA TECHNOLOGIES, INC....

1. A method of classifying a group of radio frequency (RF) transmissions between a ranging device including a ranging transmitter or a ranging receiver and an active reflecting device including an active reflecting receiver and an active reflecting transmitter to find a location, angle, or distance between the ranging device and the active reflecting device, the method comprising:transmitting, by the ranging transmitter, at least three signals on at least three channels to the active reflecting receiver;
receiving, by the ranging receiver, reflected signals of the at least three transmitted signals from the active reflecting receiver, wherein the active reflecting receiver receives the at least three signals, actively matches phases and frequencies of the at least three signals;
transmitting, by the active reflecting transmitter, the reflected signals to the ranging receiver;
measuring phase changes and received signal strengths of the reflected signals;
extracting frequency components from the measured phase changes, wherein the frequency components correspond to a plurality of paths between the ranging transmitter and the active reflecting receiver;
determining a location, angle, or distance measurement between the ranging transmitter and the active reflecting receiver for each of the plurality of paths; and
assigning a classification to the determined location, angle, or distance measurement for each of the plurality of paths through a combination of both linearity classification and multipath classification to indicate a relative level of accuracy for the determined location, angle, or distance measurement for each of the plurality of paths.

US Pat. No. 10,656,257

PERSONAL RADAR

GREINA TECHNOLOGIES, INC....

1. A radio system, comprising:a transmitter with two or more antennas configured to broadcast a first signal at a first frequency, and at a subsequent time broadcast a second signal at a second, different frequency;
a receiver having an antenna configured to receive the first and second signals broadcast from the two or more antennas of the transmitter; and
a processing unit configured to perform the following:
measure the amplitude and phase of the first signal at the first frequency as received at the receiver;
measure the amplitude and phase of the second signal at the second frequency as received at the receiver; and
identify an angle or a direction to the transmitter using the measured amplitude and phase of each signal.

US Pat. No. 10,656,256

RANGING MEASUREMENTS IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

Marvell Asia Pte, Ltd., ...

1. A method for performing ranging measurements in a wireless network, the method comprising:receiving, at a first communication device during a service period (SP) for a ranging measurement signal exchange between the first communication device and one or more second communication devices, respective first null data packets (NDPs) from the one or more second communication devices, the respective first NDPs omitting data portions;
transmitting, from the first communication device during the SP, respective second NDPs to the one or more second communication devices after the reception of the respective first NDPs, the respective second NDPs omitting data portions; and
one or both of
i) transmitting, from the first communication device during the SP, respective first ranging measurement feedback packets to the one or more second communication devices, the respective first ranging measurement feedback packet transmitted to a particular second communication device including at least a) an indication corresponding to a time t2 at which the respective first NDP was received from the particular second communication device and b) an indication corresponding to a time t3 at which the respective second NDP was transmitted to the particular second communication device to allow the particular second communication device to determine a time-of-flight between the first communication device and the particular second communication device, and
ii) receiving, at the first communication device during the SP, respective second ranging measurement feedback packets from the one or more second communication devices, the respective second ranging measurement feedback packet from a particular second communication device including at least a) an indication corresponding to a time t1 at which the respective first NDP was transmitted by the particular second communication device, and b) an indication corresponding to a time t4 at which the respective second NDP was received by the particular second communication device to allow the first communication device to determine a time-of-flight between the first communication device and the particular second communication device;
transmitting, by the first communication device at a beginning of the SP, a polling data unit to the one or more second communication devices to prompt the one or more second communication devices to be ready to transmit the respective first NDPs to the first communication device and to transmit respective poll response frames to the first communication device a short interframe space (SIFS) time period after reception of the polling data unit;
transmitting, from the first communication device, a trigger frame to the one or more second communication devices a SIFS time period after reception of the respective poll response frames to cause simultaneous transmission of the respective first NDPs, wherein the respective first NDPs are transmitted by the one or more second communication devices a SIFS time period after reception of the trigger frame; and
transmitting the respective first ranging measurement feedback packets to the one or more second communication devices, wherein transmitting the respective first ranging measurement feedback packets comprises transmitting the respective first ranging measurement feedback packets a SIFS time period after transmitting the respective second NDPs.

US Pat. No. 10,656,255

PIEZOELECTRIC MICROMACHINED ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCER (PMUT)

InvenSense, Inc., San Jo...

1. A Piezoelectric Micromachined Ultrasonic Transducer (PMUT) device comprising:a substrate;
an edge support structure connected to the substrate;
a membrane connected to the edge support structure such that a cavity is defined between the membrane and the substrate, the membrane configured to allow movement at ultrasonic frequencies, the membrane comprising:
a piezoelectric layer configured to generate an electric charge under stress such that the piezoelectric layer senses mechanical vibrations caused by an ultrasonic signal and produces the electric charge responsive to the stress of the piezoelectric layer; and
first and second electrodes coupled to opposing sides of the piezoelectric layer and configured to collect the electric charge; and
an interior support structure disposed within the cavity and connected to the substrate and the membrane, wherein the interior support structure contacts the edge support structure.

US Pat. No. 10,656,254

ANALOG ULTRASOUND BEAMFORMER

ANALOG DEVICES, INC., No...

1. An analog beamformer for ultrasound beamforming, comprising:an array of transducers for transmitting analog signals and receiving reflected analog signals and providing analog output signals;
an array of analog filters configured to receive the analog output signals, sample the analog output signals to form sampled analog output signals, filter the sampled analog output signals, and output filtered sampled analog output signals; and
a delay line for receiving the filtered sampled analog output signals from the array of analog filters and adding a delay to each of the filtered sampled analog output signals.

US Pat. No. 10,656,253

HIGH-SPEED LIGHT SENSING APPARATUS

Artilux, Inc., Menlo Par...

1. An optical apparatus, comprising:a semiconductor substrate having a first material composition;
a light absorption material supported by the semiconductor substrate and having a second material composition different from the first material composition, wherein the light absorption material is configured to:
absorb incident light within a first wavelength band; and
generate photo-carriers in response to absorbing the incident light;
a first switch electrically coupled to the light absorption material and comprising:
a first terminal configured to receive a first control signal; and
a second terminal configured to collect at least some of the photo-carriers; and
a first read-out circuit electrically coupled to the second terminal of the first switch and configured to read out the photo-carriers collected by the second terminal of the first switch.

US Pat. No. 10,656,252

ADAPTIVE CONTROL OF LADAR SYSTEMS USING SPATIAL INDEX OF PRIOR LADAR RETURN DATA

AEYE, INC., Belleville, ...

1. An adaptive ladar system comprising:a ladar transmitter configured to transmit a plurality of ladar pulse shots into a coordinate space toward a plurality of range points;
a ladar receiver configured to receive incident light and detect ladar returns based on the received incident light;
a memory configured to store data about a plurality of ladar returns from prior ladar pulse shots in a spatial index, the spatial index associating the ladar return data with a plurality of locations in the coordinate space, wherein the spatial index comprises a tree structure having a root node, a plurality of branches, and a plurality of leaf nodes, wherein the leaf nodes associate the ladar return data with corresponding locations in the coordinate space; and
a processor configured to (1) identify a range point location in the coordinate space for a new ladar pulse shot for the ladar system, (2) adaptively control an operation of the ladar system by defining a parameter value for use by the ladar system with respect to the new ladar pulse shot based on an analysis of the ladar return data in the spatial index associated with locations within a defined vicinity of the identified range point location, and (3) repeat the identify and adaptively control operations on a shot-by-shot basis for a plurality of new ladar pulse shots;
wherein a shot list defines a scheduled order of the new ladar pulse shots, and wherein the processor is further configured to, for each of a plurality of the new ladar pulse shots on the shot list, (1) traverse the tree structure based on the identified range point location for that new ladar pulse shot to identify leaf nodes in the tree structure that include ladar return data associated with locations within the defined vicinity of the identified range point location for that new ladar pulse shot, (2) extract ladar return data from the identified leaf nodes for that new ladar pulse shot, (3) pre-compute a factor for the parameter value corresponding to that new ladar pulse shot based on a plurality of data values within the extracted ladar return data for that new ladar pulse shot, and (4) compute the defined parameter value for use by the ladar system with respect to the new ladar pulse shot based on the pre-computed factor for that new ladar pulse shot.

US Pat. No. 10,656,251

SIGNAL ACQUISITION IN A SPAD DETECTOR

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A method for operating a single-photon avalanche diode (SPAD) detector that includes an array of SPAD pixels, the method comprising:enabling an operation of a SPAD of a SPAD pixel in a selected first set of SPAD pixels such that the SPAD detects photons;
receiving first output signals from the SPAD over a first time period;
constructing a histogram for the SPAD in a histogram memory of the SPAD detector based on the first output signals received over the first time period;
receiving second output signals from the SPAD over a second time period, wherein the SPAD is included in a selected second set of SPAD pixels;
updating the histogram in the histogram memory based on the second output signals received over the second time period; and
reading the updated histogram out of the histogram memory.

US Pat. No. 10,656,249

PIPE OVALITY AND PIT DEPTH MEASURING AND ANALYZING DEVICE

1. A device for measuring the ovality of a pipe comprising:a support ring connected to the pipe;
a rail for a carriage connected to the pipe;
a rotating carriage comprising a beam receptor that can rotate around the pipe on the support ring and the rail;
a beam disposed in the beam receptor; and
a distance measuring device connected to the beam.

US Pat. No. 10,656,248

RADAR POST PROCESSING FOR SIDELOBE SUPPRESSION

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method of detecting a second target from a first target in a radar system, comprising:obtaining a composite signal including a first target signal and a second target signal, the first target signal obtained by reflection of a source signal of the radar system from the first target and the second target signal obtained by reflection of the source signal from the second target;
identifying, at a processor, the first target signal in the composite signal;
generating, at the processor, a representative signal for the first target signal via a convolution of a point target having a parameter value of the first target signal;
subtracting, at the processor, the representative signal from the composite signal to obtain a remaining signal; and
detecting, at the processor, the second target from the remaining signal.

US Pat. No. 10,656,247

TARGET DETECTION APPARATUS FOR DETECTING LOW-LEVEL TARGET AND TARGET DETECTION METHOD FOR DETECTING THE SAME

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A target detection apparatus mounted on a vehicle, generating information relating to a target that is present in the vicinity of the vehicle, the apparatus comprising:a radar sensor that transmits and receives a radar wave to detect a position and a speed of a reflection point that has reflected the radar wave, for each preset measurement cycle;
a target detection means that detects a target that is present in the vicinity of the vehicle, on the basis of the position and the speed of the reflection point detected by the radar sensor;
a depth determination value calculation means that determines a depth determination value indicating a depth of a target detected by the target detection means;
a crossing over determination means that determines whether a target can be crossed over by the vehicle, according to the depth determination value determined by the depth determination value calculation means;
an attention information setting means that sets attention information indicating that the target is an attention target, as one piece of information relating to the target, when the crossing over determination means determines that crossing over is not possible;
a tracking means that executes a tracking process, with a target detected by the target detection means in a latest measurement cycle being taken as a current-cycle target, and with a target detected by the target detection means in a previous measurement cycle being taken as a previous-cycle target, to determine whether a connection relationship exists between the current-cycle target and the previous-cycle target, and to cause the current-cycle target, which has been determined to have a connection relationship with the previous-cycle target, to adopt information relating to the previous-cycle target;
a transfer determination value calculation means that determines a transfer determination value measured after the crossing over determination means determines that crossing over is or is not possible, for each target after the tracking process; and
an attention information cancelling means that cancels the setting of the attention information in response to determining that the transfer determination value calculated by the transfer determination value calculation means exceeds a preset transfer threshold, for a target that has adopted the information of the previous-cycle target in which the attention information has been set.

US Pat. No. 10,656,246

MISALIGNMENT ESTIMATION FOR A VEHICLE RADAR SYSTEM

VEONEER SWEDEN AB, Varga...

1. A vehicle radar system arranged to detect at least a stationary object outside a vehicle, the radar system comprising, a radar detector and a processing unit, the radar detector being arranged to detect the stationary object a plurality of times when moving in relation to the stationary object such that a plurality of detected positions is obtained in a local coordinate system that is fixed with respect to the radar detector, where the stationary object is stationary with respect to a global coordinate system that is fixed with respect to the environment outside the vehicle, the radar system further comprises a position detector that is arranged to detect a present movement conditions with reference to the global coordinate system, where the processing unit is arranged to,apply a plurality of correction factors on the detected positions of the stationary object in the local coordinate system such that a plurality of corrected detected positions is obtained;
transform the corrected detected positions into the global coordinate system;
calculate an error/cost value for each of the correction factors; and
choose the correction factor that results in a smallest error/cost value.

US Pat. No. 10,656,245

AUTOMOTIVE RADAR SENSOR BLOCKAGE DETECTION USING ADAPTIVE OVERLAPPING VISIBILITY

VALEO RADAR SYSTEMS, INC....

1. A method for detecting blockages in an automotive radar system having two or more radar sensors with overlapping field-of-views (FOVs), the method comprising:receiving, at a first radar sensor, a synchronized, filtered, raw object list including detections for one or more targets made by a second radar sensor;
determining an estimated mounting angle of the first radar sensor using an auto-alignment process;
adjusting an overlap zone associated with the first radar sensor based on the estimated mounting angle of the first radar sensor;
generating an overlap zone filtered track object list using detections for one or more targets by the first radar sensor;
comparing the overlap zone filtered track object list of the first sensor with the synchronized filtered raw object lists from the second sensor; and
changing the size of an overlap zone in response to the compare step.

US Pat. No. 10,656,244

RECONFIGURABLE CORRELATOR (PULSE COMPRESSION RECEIVER) AND BEAM FORMER BASED ON MULTI-GIGABIT SERIAL TRANSCEIVERS (SERDES)

General Radar Corp., Men...

15. An electromagnetic ranging system comprisingtransmit logic of the type that transmits a pulse based on an applied analog signal, the applied signal comprising a signal that is applied to the transmit logic,
a serializer/deserializer (“SERDES”) having a serializer that is coupled to the transmit logic,
the serializer having an input to which a pattern is applied and an output from which a serialization of the pattern is applied to transmit logic, and
the transmit logic transmitting the pulse based on signal applied from the serializer output,
the SERDES having a deserializer with an input to which a received analog signal is applied,
the deserializer (i) accepting the applied analog signal as if it were a digital stream of bits, (ii) grouping those bits, each comprising a 1-bit digital sample of the analog signal, into longwords and (iii) generating, for application to the correlation logic, a digital stream comprising said longwords, where a longword comprises a 4-bit, 8-bit, 16-bit, 32-bit, 128-bit or other multi-bit unit of data,
the correlation logic comprising a plurality of multiply-and-accumulate (MAC) units, each coupled to receive a respective portion of the digital stream from the deserializer.

US Pat. No. 10,656,243

INTELLIGENT VEHICLE-MOUNTED RADAR DEVICE FOR REDUCING POLARIZATION LOSS

SHENZHEN LERUAN TECHNOLOG...

1. An intelligent vehicle-mounted radar device for reducing polarization loss, comprising a transmitting unit for transmitting radar waves and a receiving unit for receiving radar waves transmitted from an external object; whereinthe receiving unit comprises an antenna module, two microwave front-end modules, a local oscillation module, two intermediate frequency (IF) amplification modules, two analog-to-digital conversion modules, a memory module, a polarization digital processor module, a polarization control module, a vehicle speed detection trigger module, a rectifier module, a crystal triode, a first resistor, a second resistor, a first capacitor and a first switch module;
the antenna module and the local oscillation module are both connected to the two microwave front-end modules, the two microwave front-end modules are connected to the two IF amplification modules, respectively, the two IF amplification modules are connected to the two analog-to-digital conversion modules, respectively, the two analog-to-digital conversion modules are both connected to the memory module, the memory module is connected to the polarization digital processor module, the polarization control module is connected to the antenna module, the vehicle speed detection trigger module is connected to the first resistor, the first capacitor and a base of the crystal triode, a collector of the crystal triode is connected to the second resistor and the first switch module, the first switch module is connected to the polarization control module via the rectifier module; a radar wave signal is received by the antenna module, the received radar wave signal is selected by a corresponding microwave front-end module, amplified to an intermediate frequency (IF) signal via the IF amplification module, converted to a digital signal via a corresponding analog-to-digital conversion module, and cached via the memory module, and polarization information is extracted by the polarization digital processor module from information cached by the memory module, when detecting a vehicle speed is greater than a first preset value, the vehicle speed detection trigger module triggers the first capacitor to discharge, causing the base of the crystal triode to cut off and the collector potential to increase, and thereby controls ON of the first switch module, the polarization control module controls the antenna module to perform polarization calibration.

US Pat. No. 10,656,242

RADAR SENSOR

1. A method for operating a radar sensor, wherein the radar sensor is provided with a signal generating device which generates an outgoing signal as a radar signal that is to be emitted, said radar sensor also including a signal receiving device for receiving and processing received signals as reflected radar signals, the method comprising the steps of:the signal generating device generating the outgoing signal within a predefined frequency band,
monitoring the received signals received via the signal receiving device for the presence of an interference disruption, said monitoring comprising:
generating test values from a standard deviation of a temporal derivation of the received signal,
forming a minimum value, an average value, and a maximum value of the test values, and
determining the interference disruption is present when a ratio of a difference of the average value and the minimum value to a difference of the maximum value and the minimum value is lower than a predefined threshold value, and
when the interference disruption is detected, reducing the frequency band for generating the outgoing signal in terms of the bandwidth.

US Pat. No. 10,656,241

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR REPORTING RSTD VALUES

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method, performed by a network node of a wireless communication network, for receiving a reference signal time difference (RSTD) value from a wireless device, the method comprising:obtaining a first frequency reuse factor for positioning reference signals (PRSs) that is lower than a default second frequency reuse factor;
transmitting a configuration of PRSs to the wireless device, the configuration indicating a plurality of PRS identities for respective transmission points (TPs) of the wireless communication network;
receiving an RSTD value for a TP from the wireless device determined based on the configuration of PRSs; and
determining the plurality of PRS identities for the respective TPs based on the obtained first frequency reuse factor, wherein the determined plurality of PRS identities are indicated in the transmitted configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,656,240

HYBRID TDOA CLOSED FORM HYPERBOLIC AND SPHERICAL ITERATION GEO-LOCATION TECHNIQUE

HARRIS GLOBAL COMMUNICATI...

1. A system for determining an emitter location from which a radio frequency (RF) transmission originated, comprising:a plurality of detection devices distributed among a plurality of diverse geographic locations, each detection device comprising
a radio receiver configured for receiving the RF transmission;
a clock configured to determine a time value;
at least one processing circuit which is arranged to record a time stamp information corresponding to a time when at least one digital data sample associated with a signal of interest (SOI) is generated at the detection device; and
a transmitter to facilitate communicating of the at least one digital data sample and the time stamp information from two or more of the plurality of detection devices to at least one time-difference of arrival (TDOA) computer system;
wherein the at least one TDOA computer system is configured to:
determine a TDOA information for the SOI at each of two or more of the plurality of detection devices relative to a reference one of the detection devices;
calculate a first solution based on the TDOA information to determine the emitter location in accordance with a first solution method;
determine whether or not a second solution method should be performed by evaluating the reliability of the first solution by
calculating a first error metric as a sum of minimum distances from the first solution to circles associated with the plurality of detection devices, and
comparing the first error metric to a performance threshold, the performance threshold having a variable value determined based on at least one measured communication condition;
if a determination is made that the second solution should not be performed, present the first solution as the emitter location to a user; and
if a determination is made that the second solution method should be performed,
selectively use the second solution method to obtain a second solution for the emitter location that is more accurate than the first solution for the emitter location, and
present the second solution to the user;
wherein the first solution method has a faster processing speed and lower solution accuracy as compared to that of the second solution method.

US Pat. No. 10,656,239

ASSET TRACKING

Footmarks, Inc., Bellevu...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:receiving, from a mobile device over a computer network, a device identifier (ID) that uniquely identifies a wireless beacon;
receiving, from the mobile device over the computer network, event data indicating that an operation was performed by the mobile device;
determining that the operation performed by the mobile device is associated with a site among a plurality of sites maintained in a data store;
determining that a time difference between the receiving of the device ID and the receiving of the event data is less than a threshold amount of time;
associating the wireless beacon with the site based at least in part on the time difference being less than the threshold amount of time; and
storing beacon-to-site association data in the data store based at least in part on the associating the wireless beacon with the site.

US Pat. No. 10,656,238

ASSET TRACKING

Footmarks, Inc., Bellevu...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:receiving, from a mobile device over a computer network, a first device identifier (ID) that uniquely identifies a first wireless beacon;
determining that the first wireless beacon is presently associated with a site among a plurality of sites maintained in a data store;
receiving, from the mobile device over the computer network, a second device ID that uniquely identifies a second wireless beacon;
determining a time difference between the receiving of the first device ID and the receiving of the second device ID;
comparing the time difference to a threshold amount of time;
determining that the time difference is less than the threshold amount of time;
associating the second wireless beacon with the site based at least in part on the time difference being less than the threshold amount of time; and
storing beacon-to-site association data in the data store based at least in part on the associating the second wireless beacon with the site.

US Pat. No. 10,656,237

DETECTION OF MOBILE WIRELESS TERMINALS IN CROWDSOURCED DATA

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for producing an almanac database of wireless transmitters comprising:receiving location data for a plurality of wireless transmitters, the location data obtained from a plurality of mobile devices through crowdsourcing or wardriving;
holding the location data while receiving additional location data for the plurality of wireless transmitters for a period of time;
determining distances between each set of neighbor wireless transmitters for each wireless transmitter in the plurality of wireless transmitters using the location data and the additional location data received for the plurality of wireless transmitters;
identifying a mobile wireless transmitter in the plurality of wireless transmitters using the distances between each set of neighbor wireless transmitters; and
publishing the almanac database after the period of time using the location data and the additional location data received for the plurality of wireless transmitters, wherein the almanac database identifies the mobile wireless transmitter or excludes the mobile wireless transmitter.

US Pat. No. 10,656,236

ENHANCED ELEVATION DETECTION FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE SYSTEMS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method comprising:computing, at an emergency response system, using an air pressure reading measured by a first device and a mean sea-level barometric measurement, a first elevation of the first device;
computing, a street address corresponding to a first location of the first device;
computing, using the street address and the first elevation, a floor number;
transmitting, to a second device, the street address and the floor number;
determining, from a database using a processor and a memory, that the street address corresponds to a building having non-standard floor numbering;
determining that the floor number is affected by the non-standard floor numbering;
adjusting, responsive to the first and second determining, the floor number to compensate for the non-standard floor numbering;
receiving, at an emergency response system, location information for a responder;
determining, using the street address, the first elevation, and the floor number, a horizontal distance and a vertical distance to the location of the responder; and
reporting, to the first device, the horizontal distance and the vertical distance.

US Pat. No. 10,656,235

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DIRECTION FINDING BASED ON MINIMUM DISTANCE SEARCH TO PRINCIPAL COMPONENTS

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. A method for direction finding comprising:receiving signals at one or more array elements;
capturing samples of data corresponding to the received signals from an output of each of the one or more array elements,
generating a spatial sample covariance matrix (SCM) using the one or more samples of data;
extracting principal components from the SCM;
generating a principal component table using angle and frequency measurement for each of the principal components;
selecting a test point and determining a distance between the test point and each value in the principal component table; and
identifying a minimum distance point based on the determined distances between the test point and each value in the principal component table, wherein the minimum distance point corresponds to a direction of the received signals.

US Pat. No. 10,656,234

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD PATTERN FOR PHASED ARRAY ANTENNA

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. A system comprising:a far-field pattern sensor configured to generate far-field pattern data; and
a processor coupled to the far-field pattern sensor and configured to couple to a phased array antenna comprising a plurality of antenna elements, the processor configured to:
cause the phased array antenna to excite one antenna element at a time, to generate, on an individual element-by-element basis, a normalized far-field pattern for each radiating element of the plurality of antenna elements;
receive, from the far-field pattern sensor, element-specific far-field pattern data for each antenna element of the phased array antenna, the element-specific far-field pattern data for a particular antenna element indicating an individual normalized element far-field pattern for the antenna element;
determine, for a location of interest, an overall electromagnetic far-field pattern for the phased array antenna based on individual normalized element far-field patterns for each of the antenna elements and based on beamforming parameters associated with the location of interest;
determine an isolation between the phased array antenna and a secondary communication device based on the overall electromagnetic far-field pattern; and
generate an output indicative of the isolation.

US Pat. No. 10,656,233

METHOD OF CALIBRATING IMPEDANCE MEASUREMENTS OF A BATTERY

Dynexus Technology, Inc.,...

1. A method, comprising:performing a device measurement by exciting a device using a current or a voltage and a frequency range;
recording a response time record of said device measurement;
determining time periods in said response time record exceeding a saturation level of a data acquisition system;
discarding said time periods in said response time record which exceed said saturation level of said data acquisition system;
discarding said time periods in a calibration time record;
applying said calibration time record to said response time record of said device measurement; and
generating a measure of said device.

US Pat. No. 10,656,232

CALIBRATING READ SENSORS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC READ-WRITE HEADS

International Business Ma...

1. A method of calibrating a magnetic read sensor, the method comprising:measuring a first resistance of said magnetic read sensor upon an application of a forward bias current through said magnetic read sensor;
measuring a second resistance of said magnetic read sensor upon an application of a reverse bias current through said magnetic read sensor;
determining, using a hardware processor, a calibration constant based on at least said first measured resistance, said second measured resistance, and at least one of the applied bias currents;
storing said determined calibration constant for said magnetic read sensor in memory;
sweeping a head module having said magnetic read sensor over at least one nanoparticle to obtain a read response of said magnetic read sensor to said at least one nanoparticle; and
adjusting said read response from said magnetic read sensor of said at least one nanoparticle based on said determined calibration constant for calibrating said magnetic read sensor,
wherein measuring said first resistance of said magnetic read sensor upon application of said forward bias current to said magnetic read sensor includes measuring a plurality of first resistances of said magnetic read sensor upon an application of a plurality of forward bias currents to said magnetic read sensor, wherein said plurality of first resistances corresponds to said plurality of forward bias currents,
wherein measuring said second resistance of said magnetic read sensor upon application of said reverse bias current to said magnetic read sensor includes measuring a plurality of second resistances of said magnetic read sensor upon application of an application of a plurality of reverse bias currents to said magnetic read sensor, wherein said plurality of second resistances corresponds to said plurality of reverse bias currents,
wherein determining said calibration constant is based on said plurality of first measured resistances and said plurality of said second measured resistances,
wherein said at least one nanoparticle is positioned at a known location along a calibration trench of a calibration assembly,
wherein said head module includes a plurality of magnetic read sensors,
wherein said calibration assembly includes a greater number of calibration trenches than a number of said plurality of magnetic read sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,656,231

MEMORY ARRAYS

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A memory array comprising:a bitline pillar comprising a first side opposite a second side;
a first wordline extending adjacent the first side of the bitline pillar;
a second wordline extending adjacent the second side of the bitline pillar; and
a single structure of a memory cell material between the first wordline and the bitline pillar, the single structure of the memory cell material between the second wordline and the bitline pillar.

US Pat. No. 10,656,230

EPR RESONATOR WITH EXTENDED TRANSPARENCY AND HOMOGENEITY IN RF RANGE

BRUKER BIOSPIN GMBH, Rhe...

1. An electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) resonator for a cylindrical TE01n microwave mode where n is an integer, comprising:a cylindrical body which has a radio frequency (RF) absorption of less than 5% at RFs below 1 kHz,
a first plunger delimiting a resonating volume within the cylindrical body in an axial direction at a first end and
a second plunger delimiting the resonating volume within the cylindrical body in the axial direction at a second end,
wherein the second plunger has an opening configured to receive an EPR sample inserted into the EPR resonator,
wherein the first and the second plunger each comprise at least one spiral winding of an electrically conductive filament, wherein neither ends nor neighboring turns of any of the spiral windings connect electrically conductively to form any electrically closed loop.

US Pat. No. 10,656,229

MAGNETIC BARCODE IMAGING

NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY, ...

1. A method of visualizing a contrast agent by magnetic resonance imaging, the method comprising:a) imaging at least one contrast agent to generate T1, T2, and T2*, and quantitative susceptibility maps;
b) processing said maps using a machine learning algorithm trained to recognize said contrast agent to generate processed maps; and
c) generating quantitative maps of said contrast agent concentration, identity, and functional state from said processed maps.

US Pat. No. 10,656,228

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETERMINING A CHANGE OVER TIME IN A BIOMARKER IN A REGION TO BE EXAMINED

SIEMENS HEALTHCARE GMBH, ...

1. A method for determining a change over time in a biomarker in a region to be examined of a patient from magnetic resonance data, comprising:extracting a first item of information from a first magnetic resonance data of the region, the first magnetic resonance data being obtained from excitation of a first magnetic resonance signal in the region using a first magnetic resonance measuring sequence for detecting at least one property of the biomarker in the region, the first item of information relating to the at least one property;
producing a first biomarker value from the first item of information;
storing the first biomarker value in association with patient information;
extracting a second item of information from a second magnetic resonance data of the region, the second magnetic resonance data being obtained from excitation of a second magnetic resonance signal in the region using a second magnetic resonance measuring sequence for detecting the at least one property of the biomarker in the region in a follow-up examination, the second item of information relating to the at least one property;
producing a second biomarker value from the second item of information;
storing the second biomarker value in association with the patient information;
determining a change between the first and the second biomarker values; and
storing or outputting the change between the first and the second biomarker values,
wherein the at least one property includes a size of an area of a brain of the patient.

US Pat. No. 10,656,227

MAGNETIC RESONANCE EXAMINATION SYSTEM WITH FIELD PROBES

Koninklijke Philips N.V.,...

1. A magnetic resonance examination system having an examination zone and comprising:a main magnet to generate a stationary main magnetic field in the examination zone and
a gradient system with one or more gradient coils to generate a gradient magnetic field in the examination zone,
a reconstruction module configured to access respective sets of magnetic resonance imaging signals from the examination zone at a current configuration and at an earlier configuration
reconstruct an magnetic resonance images from the sets of magnetic resonance imaging signals acquired at the earlier and current configurations
a field probe system including
a plurality of field probes to measure a magnetic field distribution in the examination zone (i) due to a switching operation of the gradient system and/or (ii) due to a magnetic field disturbance originating externally,
a control module
to control the field probe system and configured to activate the field probe system to measure the magnetic field distribution in an earlier configuration simultaneously with the acquisition of the magnetic imaging resonance signals in the earlier configuration and
to determine a response relation representing the measured magnetic field distribution in the earlier configuration and i) due to said switching operation of the gradient system and/or (ii) due to said magnetic field disturbance originating externally,
a memory to store the response relation in association with i) said switching operation of the gradient system and/or with (ii) said magnetic field disturbance originating externally,
(a) the gradient system to apply the response relation from the memory to the gradient system so as to compensate activation the gradient coils in a current configuration and/or
(b) the reconstruction module to apply the response relation from the memory to the reconstruction module which is configured to apply corrections on the basis the response relation in the reconstruction of the magnetic resonance image from the magnetic resonance imaging signals acquired in the current configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,656,226

MAGNETIC RESONANCE APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONDUCTING MAGNETIC RESONANCE EXAMINATION OF A PATIENT

Siemens Healthcare GmbH, ...

1. A magnetic resonance (MR) apparatus comprising:an MR data acquisition scanner having an opening therein adapted to receive a patient, said MR data acquisition scanner further comprising a gradient coil arrangement;
a control computer configured to provide control signals to said MR data acquisition scanner in order to operate the MR data acquisition scanner so as to execute an MR data acquisition sequence, said control signals including gradient control signals that operate said gradient coil arrangement in said sequence so as to cause said gradient coil arrangement to emit audible sound having a volume that increases from a lower volume to a higher volume during the execution of the MR data acquisition sequence;
a music network comprising at least two instrument devices that operate in combination so as to emit a musical piece as an audible output to the patient, wherein one of said instrument devices is said MR data acquisition scanner and wherein said music piece comprises said audible sounds emitted by said gradient coil arrangement; and
a synchronization processor serving as an interface between said music network and said control computer, said synchronization processor being configured to derive synchronization signals from said gradient control signals and to provide said synchronization signals to said at least two instrument devices so as to operate said at least two instrument devices in synchronization in order to emit said music piece,
wherein the synchronization signals cause the contribution to the music piece emitted by the at least two instrument devices to progressively increase over time such that, when the audible sound increases from the lower volume to the higher volume during the execution of the MR data acquisition sequence, the volume of the music piece already matches the higher volume of the audible sound of the gradient coil arrangement.

US Pat. No. 10,656,225

MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING APPARATUS

Canon Medical Systems Cor...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging apparatus comprising:a static magnetic field magnet;
a gradient coil that is provided on an inner circumferential side of the static magnetic field magnet;
a space forming structure forming a patient space on an inner circumferential side of the gradient coil;
a magnet supporting member supporting the static magnetic field magnet on a floor surface; and
a space forming structure supporter supporting the space forming structure,
wherein the space forming structure supporter is provided on a route of propagation, the route of propagation propagating solid propagation vibrations from the gradient coil to the space forming structure via the magnet supporting member.

US Pat. No. 10,656,224

MAGNETIC FIELD-GENERATING DEVICE FOR MAGNETIC PARTICLE IMAGING

Universitat Zu Lubeck, L...

1. A magnetic-field generating device exhibiting two structurally identical Halbach rings, formed from permanent magnets, of the Halbach order k=2 having in each case a predetermined inside diameter ID and outside diameter AD and predetermined ring width R and magnetization direction, characterized in that: the Halbach rings having a center-point distance M greater than the ring width R and smaller than the outside diameter AD are arranged symmetrically relative to a plane of symmetry, with projections of the magnetization directions onto the plane of symmetry pointing in opposite directions; and a coil arrangement, preferably a Helmholtz coil pair, formed for generating a homogenous magnetic field having the field direction at right angles to the plane of symmetry of the Halbach rings at least in a part area of the plane of symmetry.

US Pat. No. 10,656,223

MAGNETIC FIELD GENERATION DEVICE

JAPAN SUPERCONDUCTOR TECH...

1. A magnetic field generation apparatus comprising:a main coil which is formed by winding a rare earth barium-copper-oxide (ReBCO)-based superconductive wire rod and generates a magnetic field in a measurement space; and
at least two variable-current correction coils, which are variable in a value of a current, coaxial with the main coil and disposed inside the main coil, and generate a magnetic field which corrects a uniformity of the magnetic field generated by the main coil, and
a correction coil that is coaxial with the main coil and disposed outside the main coil, and generates a magnetic field that corrects the uniformity of the magnetic field generated by the main coil,
wherein the correction coil is configured to achieve, in a case that the variable-current correction coil is not energized, the sum of the second-order component generated by the main coil and a second-order component generated by the correction coil being 0.

US Pat. No. 10,656,222

VARIABLE GAIN AMPLIFICATION FOR LINEARIZATION OF NMR SIGNALS

WAVEGUIDE CORPORATION, C...

1. A method of amplifying an NMR signal in response to a transmitted NMR pulse, the method comprising:estimating a characteristic time associated with the NMR signal;
transmitting the NMR pulse to a sample and receiving the NMR signal therefrom;
applying a time-dependent amplifier gain to the received NMR signal based at least in part on the estimated characteristic time; and
computing a second characteristic time associated with the amplified NMR signal by applying an inverse gain function to the amplified NMR signal.

US Pat. No. 10,656,221

DRIVE CIRCUIT OF RADIO-FREQUENCY TRANSMITTING COIL AND MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING DEVICE

Shanghai Neusoft Medical ...

1. A drive circuit of a radio-frequency (RF) transmitting coil, the drive circuit comprising:a controller configured to output a drive signal;
a digital to analogue converter (DAC) coupled with the controller and configured to perform D/A conversion for the drive signal to output an analogue drive signal;
a RF amplifier coupled with the DAC and configured to amplify the analogue drive signal to obtain an amplified analogue drive signal;
a power divider coupled with the RF amplifier and comprising a plurality of waveguides configured to generate at least three signals based on the amplified analogue drive signal, the at least three signals having an equal power, wherein the power divider has at least three output ports each configured to output a respective signal of the at least three signals; and
a plurality of phase shifters coupled with the power divider, each of the phase shifters being coupled with a respective output port of the at least three output ports and configured to adjust a phase of the respective signal output by the respective output port to obtain a phase adjusted signal, wherein the phase shifters are configured to output the phase adjusted signals to respective feed ports of the RF transmitting coil,
wherein the power divider comprises:
a plurality of first waveguides in a central symmetry relative to an input port of the power divider, wherein each of the first waveguides has an inlet end coupled to the input port of the power divider and two outlet ends, the inlet end of each of the plurality of first waveguides being coupled to a different corresponding side of the input port of the power divider; and
a plurality of second waveguides, wherein each of the second waveguides is respectively coupled with one of the two outlet ends of one of the first waveguides, and wherein two of the second waveguides coupled with the two outlet ends of the same first waveguide are symmetric and each of the second waveguides has two outlet ends serving as the output ports of the power divider.

US Pat. No. 10,656,220

DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING FLEXIBLE PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD AND FOR DETECTING SEPARATION OF THE FLEXIBLE PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device comprising:a display panel;
a conductive layer disposed under the display panel;
a first flexible printed circuit board comprising a first substrate portion having a side connected to the display panel, a bending portion extending from the first substrate portion, and a second substrate portion extending from the bending portion and disposed under the conductive layer, wherein the first substrate portion overlaps the display panel, and the second substrate portion comprises a first sensing pattern;
a coupling portion disposed between the second substrate portion and the conductive layer and coupling the second substrate portion and the conductive layer together, wherein the coupling portion is adjacent to the first sensing pattern; and
a driver chip electrically connected to the first sensing pattern and configured to detect whether the coupling portion has been separated from either the second substrate portion or the conductive layer based on a capacitance that depends on a distance between the conductive layer and the first sensing pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,656,219

DISCONNECTION DETECTING DEVICE, SIGNAL PROCESSING UNIT AND DISCONNECTION DETECTION METHOD

YAMAHA CORPORATION, Hama...

1. A disconnection detecting device comprising:a confirmation signal outputting module configured to cause a transmission sound signal to be outputted from a signal processing unit, the transmission sound signal including a confirmation signal having a frequency that differs from a frequency band for use in communicating information contained in the transmission sound signal that is sent from the signal processing unit to a communication unit; and
a detector configured to detect whether or not a disconnection is occurring in a connection wire based on the transmission sound signal including the confirmation signal that is returned from the communication unit to the signal processing unit via the connection wire.

US Pat. No. 10,656,218

LEAKAGE CURRENT DETECTION APPARATUS AND DETECTION METHOD THEREOF

Winbond Electronics Corp....

1. A leakage current detection apparatus, detecting a leakage current generatedwhen a tested circuit is in a standby state, comprising:
a capacitor, coupled between a detection end and a reference ground end;
a pre-charge circuit, coupled to the detection end, providing a pre-charge current in a first time interval to pre-charge the capacitor;
a discharge current generator, coupled to the detection end and the tested circuit, generating a discharge current according to the leakage current when the tested circuit is in the standby state and during a second time interval, and discharging the capacitor according to the discharge current; and
a detection result generator, coupled to the capacitor and generating a leakage current detection result in the second time interval by comparing a voltage value on the detection end with a voltage value of a preset reference voltage,
wherein the first time interval takes place before the second time interval.

US Pat. No. 10,656,217

VOLTAGE REGULATOR SYSTEMS WITH FAULT INDICATION AND REPORTING

Infineon Technologies Aus...

1. A power stage for a voltage regulator, the power stage comprising:one or more power transistor switches configured to output a phase current for the power stage;
one or more power transistor gate drivers configured to turn the one or more power transistor switches off and on;
a first pin configured to output temperature information for the power stage;
a second pin configured to output current sense information for the power stage; and
reporting circuitry configured to monitor and report information of the power stage, including:
report temperature information for the power stage in a first nominal range at the first pin when no faults are detected,
report phase current information for the power stage in a second nominal range at the second pin when no faults are detected,
indicate to a controller that the power stage is switching under nominal conditions when the first pin is in the first nominal range and the second pin is in the second nominal range,
indicate to the controller that the power stage is not switching under nominal conditions when the first pin is in an out-of-band range outside the first nominal range and/or the second pin is in an out-of-band range outside the second nominal range.

US Pat. No. 10,656,216

BATTERY STATE ESTIMATING APPARATUS

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A battery state estimating apparatus comprising:a voltage detector configured to detect a voltage between a positive electrode and a negative electrode of a battery having a plurality of electrode bodies, which are connected in series;
an impedance detector configured to detect an impedance of the battery;
a first estimator provided as a processing block configured to estimate a first temporary value of a charge amount of the battery on the basis of the voltage of the battery detected by said voltage detector;
a second estimator provided as a processing block configured to estimate a second temporary value of the charge amount of the battery on the basis of the impedance of the battery detected by said impedance detector; and
a determinator provided as a processing block configured (i) to determine that the first temporary value is the charge amount of the battery if the first temporary value or the second temporary value is out of a predetermined range, and (ii) to determine that the second temporary value, or a corrected value of the first temporary value, which is corrected by using the second temporary value, is the charge amount of the battery if the first temporary value or the second temporary value is within the predetermined range.

US Pat. No. 10,656,215

SHORT CIRCUIT DETECTION DEVICE

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., ...

1. A short circuit detection device comprising:a voltage sensor that detects a voltage of a secondary battery;
a first determination unit that determines whether a first voltage value obtained by detecting a voltage of the secondary battery that is discharging to a load with the voltage sensor is below a threshold value;
a load adjustment unit that adjusts the load to reduce current that flows from the secondary battery to the load upon determining the first voltage value is below the threshold value;
a second determination unit that determines whether a second voltage value obtained by detecting a voltage of the secondary battery after load adjustment with the voltage sensor is less than the first voltage value; and
a recognition unit that recognizes an internal short circuit of the secondary battery upon determining the second voltage value is less than the first voltage value.

US Pat. No. 10,656,214

INSPECTION METHOD OF ELECTRICAL STORAGE DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An inspection method of an electrical storage device, the inspection method comprising:performing current measurement to acquire a current value after convergence of a current flowing through a circuit formed by connecting an external power source to a charged electrical storage device so that a polarity of a voltage of the external power source is reverse to a polarity of a voltage of the charged electrical storage device, the current measurement being performed after the voltage of the external power source is adjusted so that the current does not flow through the circuit right after the connection; and
performing quality determination to determine quality of the electrical storage device based on the current value after convergence of the current, the current value being acquired by the current measurement, wherein:
a relationship between a circuit resistance of the circuit and a necessary time for convergence of the current in the current measurement is grasped in advance;
resistance measurement to actually measure the circuit resistance of the circuit and prediction to predict a convergence timing of the current based on the actually measured circuit resistance and the relationship are performed; and
in the current measurement, the current value is acquired when the predicted convergence timing comes, and the acquired current value is set as the current value after convergence.

US Pat. No. 10,656,213

INTERNAL RESISTANCE CALCULATION DEVICE, RECORDING MEDIUM, AND INTERNAL RESISTANCE CALCULATION METHOD

Sumitomo Electric Industr...

1. An internal resistance calculation device that calculates an internal resistance of a secondary battery, comprising:a voltage obtaining portion that obtains a voltage of the secondary battery;
a current obtaining portion that obtains a current of the secondary battery;
a switching determination portion that determines the presence or absence of switching between charging and discharging of the secondary battery based on the current obtained by the current obtaining portion;
an identification portion that identifies a waiting time based on a boundary frequency range in which a diffusion impedance arising from a process of diffusion of a predetermined ion contributes to an impedance of the secondary battery in an impedance spectrum of the secondary battery; and
a resistance calculation portion that calculates the internal resistance of the secondary battery based on the voltage obtained by the voltage obtaining portion and the current obtained by the current obtaining portion after the waiting time identified by the identification portion when the switching determination portion determines that switching between charging and discharging is present.

US Pat. No. 10,656,212

METHOD OF INSPECTING ELECTRIC POWER STORAGE DEVICE FOR SHORT CIRCUIT AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ELECTRIC POWER STORAGE DEVICE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A method of inspecting an electric power storage device for a short circuit by inspecting the electric power storage device for an internal short circuit, the method comprising:voltage measuring of measuring a pre-detection device voltage of the electric power storage device that is pre-charged;
current detecting of detecting a temporal change in a current flowing to the electric power storage device from an external electric power supply or a stable current value of the current by continuously applying an output voltage equal to the pre-detection device voltage to the electric power storage device from the external electric power supply; and
determining of determining the internal short circuit in the electric power storage device based on the detected temporal change in the current or the stable current value of the current.

US Pat. No. 10,656,211

METHOD OF PREDICTING TIME FOR CHARGING BATTERY OF ECO-FRIENDLY VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method of predicting time for charging a battery of an eco-friendly vehicle, in which the battery is charged by a charging process including plurality of charging steps sequentially divided based on a voltage of the battery for each temperature, wherein a charging current corresponds to each of the plurality of charging steps, the method comprising:measuring a temperature and a voltage of the battery using one or more sensors;
comparing the measured temperature and voltage with data values pre-stored in a database including information relating to the plurality of charging steps;
identifying a charging step among the plurality of charging steps based on the comparison of the measured temperature and voltage with the pre-stored data values;
calculating a charging current value and a cutoff voltage value according to the identified charging step;
calculating a first time required for the current voltage value of the battery to reach the cutoff voltage value;
calculating a second time required for raising the measured temperature by a unit temperature predetermined based on the charging current value;
comparing the first time with the second time; and
calculating an expected charging time by adding the second time to a previous expected charging time when the first time is greater than the second time or by adding the first time to the previous expected charging time when the second time is greater than the first time.

US Pat. No. 10,656,210

SECONDARY BATTERY STATE DETECTION DEVICE AND SECONDARY BATTERY STATE DETECTION METHOD

FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LT...

1. A secondary battery state detection device that detects a state of charge of a secondary battery installed in a vehicle, the secondary battery state detection device comprising:a memory that stores computer executable units; and
a processor that executes the computer executable units stored in the memory, wherein the computer executable units comprise:
a measurement unit that measures or estimates an open-circuit voltage of the secondary battery installed in the vehicle;
a determination unit that determines a first state of charge by applying the open-circuit voltage measured or estimated by the measurement unit to a correlation equation expressing a relationship between open-circuit voltages and states of charge;
a learning unit that discharges the secondary battery and learns an element value of an equivalent circuit of the secondary battery based on a voltage and a current obtained during the discharging;
the measurement unit charges the secondary battery, and measures an internal resistance value of the secondary battery based on another voltage and another current during the charging;
a calculation unit that calculates a second state of charge based on a ratio of a reaction resistance obtained by subtracting a conductive resistance and a liquid resistance from the internal resistance and a sum of reaction resistance values obtained by the learning unit; and
a correction unit that corrects a coefficient of the correlation equation of the determination unit to generate a modified correlation equation if a difference between the values of the first state of charge determined by the determination unit and the second state of charge calculated by the calculation unit is greater than or equal to a predetermined threshold value, wherein
the determination unit determines a corrected state of charge of the secondary battery based on the modified correlation equation.

US Pat. No. 10,656,208

METHOD OF ASSESSING THE RISK OF A STATOR FAILURE

SIEMENS ENERGY, INC., Or...

1. A method of determining the risk of a stator failure, the stator comprising a plurality of stator coil windings, the plurality of windings comprising a first winding, each of the windings comprising a plurality of conductive metal strands, the method comprising:determining the number of strand failures in the first winding, from an image of at least a portion of the first winding within an inspection area, captured by a radiography; and
analyzing a risk of the stator failure from the determined number of strand failures and based on at least one stator characteristic,
wherein the risk analysis comprises comparing the number of strand failures in the first winding to a replacement threshold,
wherein the risk analysis comprises determining at least one of the strand failures in the first winding meeting a location condition, the first winding is repaired by replacing the failed strands, wherein the location condition is selected from the condition consisting of failed strands are not adjacent to one another, strand failure is away or substantially away from the exterior of the winding, and strand failure is in the outer section,
whereby the risk analysis is performed based on non-destructive testing results of capturing the image from the radiography and from stator characteristics.

US Pat. No. 10,656,207

CIRCUIT INTERRUPTER DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEM

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A system comprising:a circuit interrupter including:
a light source structured to output light; and
a first processor structured to obtain information associated with the circuit interrupter and to control the light source to output light in a pattern representing the information;
an adapter structured to detect light output by the light source, convert the detected light to another form, and to output the converted form of the light; and
an electronic device structured to receive the converted form of the light, the electronic device including:
a second processor structured to convert the converted form of the light into the information.

US Pat. No. 10,656,206

MULTI-FUNCTION ELECTRONIC DEVICE TESTING

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A multi-function tester comprising:a table assembly comprising:
a fixture to hold an electronic device;
a first antenna to communicate with a wireless radio of the electronic device;
a robotic arm coupled to the table assembly, the robotic arm comprising:
at least one stimulator to stimulate an input of the electronic device; and
at least one sensor to receive an output from the electronic device, the at least one sensor comprising at least one of:
a still camera,
a video camera,
a light sensor,
a microphone,
an inertial sensor,
an optical sensor,
a laser scanner, or
a second antenna;
a camera test assembly that supports a chart at a position aligned with a camera of the electronic device, the chart including an image that is within a field of view of the camera of the electronic device, wherein image data captured by the camera of the electronic device depicts the image and is used to test a functionality of the electronic device;
an adjustable stand;
a relay lens coupled to the adjustable stand, the relay lens disposed within an optical path between the camera of the electronic device and the chart, wherein the relay lens is adjustable between the camera of the electronic device and the chart via the adjustable stand; and
a computing device communicatively coupled to the table assembly, the robotic arm, and the camera test assembly, the computing device comprising:
one or more processors;
a communication interface to communicate with the electronic device; and
memory storing a test procedure for the electronic device that, when executed by the one or more processors, causes the multi-function tester to concurrently test at least two of:
the wireless radio of the electronic device;
the camera of the electronic device based at least in part on the image data captured by the camera of the electronic device;
the input of the electronic device; or
the output of the electronic device.

US Pat. No. 10,656,205

NARROW-PARALLEL SCAN-BASED DEVICE TESTING

ORACLE INTERNATIONAL CORP...

1. A system for scan-based testing of an integrated circuit installed in an operational environment, the system comprising:a virtual automated test environment (VATE) system comprising:
a sequence controller having a test sequence input to receive a stored test sequence comprising a plurality of bit vector stimulants and expected responses generated by an automated test pattern generator and adapted for a NarPar port set comprising a plurality of parallel scan-in ports and a plurality of scan-out ports that are a subset of parallel scan ports of the integrated circuit;
a narrow-parallel (NarPar) subsystem coupled with the sequence controller and having a NarPar interface to couple with the NarPar port set;
a read-out controller coupled with the NarPar subsystem to receive read-out data from at least one of the plurality of scan-out ports in response to the integrated circuit being set to a NarPar test mode and the NarPar port set being driven by the NarPar subsystem according to the bit vector stimulants; and
a mezzanine board having the VATE system and the integrated circuit disposed thereon.

US Pat. No. 10,656,204

FAILURE DETECTION FOR WIRE BONDING IN SEMICONDUCTORS

PDF Solutions, Inc., San...

1. A method of testing wire bonds for an integrated circuit (IC) chip in an assembly process comprising:at a data collection system comprising a computer hardware server in communication with a database system over a computer network:
receiving, over the computer network, a collection of failure detection data for one or more test samples of the IC chip obtained during wire bonding in the assembly process;
performing a failure detection process on the collection of failure detection data to evaluate the test samples of the IC chip, the failure detection process comprising:
(a) training a machine learning algorithm using a training dataset comprising at least a portion of the collection of failure detection data stored in the database system;
(b) detecting, by the machine learning algorithm, failure indicators in the test samples of the IC chip based on the collection of failure detection data;
(c) identifying, by the machine learning algorithm, circuit traces on a surface of each test sample of the IC chip as abnormal circuit traces when one or more failure indicators are detected; and
(d) identifying, by the machine learning algorithm, circuit traces on the surface of each test sample of the IC chip as normal circuit traces when no failure indicators are detected; and
(e) identifying, by the machine learning algorithm, test samples of the IC chip that contain no traces identified as abnormal circuit traces as normal IC chips,
wherein trace data for the circuit traces identified as normal circuit traces are stored into a data structure of normal IC chips.

US Pat. No. 10,656,203

LOW PIN COUNT TEST CONTROLLER

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. An apparatus for processor core testing, comprising:a high-speed input-output (HSIO) interface;
a general purpose input-output (GPIO) interface;
a multiplexer having a first input coupled to the GPIO interface;
a test controller coupled between the HSIO interface and a second input of the multiplexer; and
one or more processor cores coupled to an output of the multiplexer.

US Pat. No. 10,656,202

ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING INTEGRATED CIRCUIT WITH DEBUG CAPABILITIES

XILINX, INC., San Jose, ...

1. A device comprising:a first integrated circuit die comprising:
a first input/output (IO) base cell having a first interface node and a first feedback node, the first interface node being configured to be coupled to memory for communication between the first IO base cell and the memory, the first IO base cell being configurable to selectively output to the first feedback node a signal that is on the first interface node; and
a first debug port having a first input node and a first output node, the first input node being electrically connected to the first feedback node, the first debug port being configurable to selectively output to the first output node a signal that is on the first input node, the first output node being configured to be coupled to a first pin exterior to the first integrated circuit die.

US Pat. No. 10,656,201

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

RENESAS ELECTRONICS CORPO...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a program execution unit configured to execute a user program;
a peripheral circuit group configured to include a plurality of peripheral circuits having the same circuit configuration and controlled by the program execution unit; and
an analysis subsystem configured to perform defect analysis of the peripheral circuit group based on the user program in accordance with an operation instruction from the program execution unit,
wherein the analysis subsystem includes
an analysis setting register configured to store analysis execution set values at least including an analysis target peripheral circuit set value specifying an analysis target peripheral circuit group including a plurality of analysis target peripheral circuits to be used for the defect analysis among the peripheral circuits included in the peripheral circuit group and a comparison target peripheral circuit set value specifying a comparison target peripheral circuit to be compared among the peripheral circuits included in the analysis target peripheral circuit group,
a module selector configured to control an operating state of the peripheral circuit group so that all of the analysis target peripheral circuits included in the analysis target peripheral circuit group operate based on the analysis target peripheral circuit set value,
an arbiter configured to distribute, to the plurality of peripheral circuits included in the analysis target peripheral circuit group, the operation instruction output from the program execution unit to the comparison target peripheral circuit based on the comparison target peripheral circuit set value and the analysis target peripheral circuit set value and then extracts, as analysis information, data output from the plurality of peripheral circuits included in the analysis target peripheral circuit group in response to the given operation instruction, and transmits the data output from the comparison target peripheral circuit to the program execution unit, and
a comparison unit configured to compare information obtained from each of the plurality of peripheral circuits included in the analysis target peripheral circuit group based on the analysis information, and output error information identifying a location of a bit indicating a different value.

US Pat. No. 10,656,200

HIGH VOLUME SYSTEM LEVEL TESTING OF DEVICES WITH POP STRUCTURES

ADVANTEST TEST SOLUTIONS,...

1. A test apparatus comprising:first and second floating nests, wherein each floating nest is operable to move in the X and Y axes;
a first device-under-test (DUT) contactor array comprising a plurality of interconnection pins extending from a top and bottom surface of the DUT contactor array, the first DUT contactor array disposed in the first floating nest; and
a substrate fixed to the first floating nest and comprising pads on a first surface for receiving the plurality of interconnection pins from the first DUT contactor array, wherein the substrate comprises a printed circuit board (PCB) having a second surface, the second surface comprising pads;
a memory contactor array comprising a plurality of interconnection pins extending from first and second surfaces of the memory contactor array, wherein the plurality of interconnection pins extending from the second surface of the memory contactor array couple to the pads on the second surface of the PCB; and
a memory coupled to the plurality of interconnection pins extending from the first surface of the memory contactor array.

US Pat. No. 10,656,199

SELF TESTING FAULT CIRCUIT APPARATUS AND METHOD

Leviton Manufacturing Com...

1. A process for self testing a fault circuit comprising:a) disabling an actuator;
b) performing a self test by creating a simulated fault signal across at least a portion of a half cycle of a first polarity and across at least a portion of a half cycle of a second polarity; and
c) determining whether the self test was successful.

US Pat. No. 10,656,198

ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM MONITORING USING HIGH-FREQUENCY SIGNALS

Schweitzer Engineering La...

1. A system to detect a location of a high-frequency signal source in an electric power delivery system by gathering high-frequency electric power system measurements therefrom, the system comprising:a data acquisition module to receive:
a first plurality of high-frequency electric power system measurements from a local terminal;
a second plurality of high-frequency electric power system measurements from a remote terminal, the remote terminal being separated from the local terminal by an electric power transmission line in the electric power delivery system;
a correlation module to time-align the first plurality and the second plurality of high-frequency electric power system measurements; and,
a visualization subsystem to generate a representation of the time-aligned first plurality and the second plurality of high-frequency electric power system measurements and the location of the high-frequency signal source the location disposed between the local terminal and the remote terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,656,197

ACCURATE FAULT LOCATION METHOD BASED ON LOCAL MEASUREMENTS AND REMOTE CURRENTS

Schweitzer Engineering La...

1. An intelligent electronic device (IED) configured to communicate with at least one other IED, comprising:current sensor circuitry configured to receive one or more signals representative of current of the power line at the IED;
voltage sensor circuitry configured to receive one or more signals indicative of a voltage of the power line at the IED;
communication circuitry configured to receive one or more signals representative of one or more remote current measurements on the power line from the at least one other IED;
a memory; and
a processor operatively coupled to a memory, wherein the processor is configured to execute instructions stored in the memory to cause the processor to:
receive local measurements comprising one or more local current measurements from the current sensor circuitry and one or more local voltage measurements from the voltage sensor circuitry;
determine, from the local measurements and the one or more remote current measurements, a location of a fault on the power line based at least in part on a fault voltage multiplied by a conjugate of a compensated differential current; and
provide an indication of the location of the fault.

US Pat. No. 10,656,196

UTILITY GROUND DETECTION

Webasto Charging Systems,...

1. A missing utility ground detection circuit comprising:a) a pair of balanced resistors each connected to receive utility power from a different one of a pair of utility power lines, the balanced resistors being connected together at a summing node to be capable of summing a utility voltage from the pair of utility power lines;
b) an unbalance resistor connected in parallel with one of the balanced resistors from only one line of the pair of utility power lines;
c) a summing amplifier comprising:
1) a first input coupled to the summing node;
2) a second input coupled to a second reference voltage; and
3) an output;
d) an averaging circuit connected at the output of the summing amplifier; and
e) a comparator comprising a first input connected to the averaging circuit a second input connected to a threshold voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,656,195

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DIFFERENTIATING SHORTING IN A BATTERY

Celgard, LLC, Charlotte,...

1. A system for differentiating short circuiting in a battery comprises:a sensor for measuring voltage as a function of time and/or temperature, a sensor for measuring current as a function of time and/or temperature, and an ohmmeter for measuring resistance as a function of time, said sensors coupled to the battery during discharge;
a monitor in communication with the sensors, the monitor including a first storage device in which a plurality of predetermined profiles of battery shorting behavior is stored, the profiles include profiles based on empirically or mathematically modeled shorting behavior including temperature as a function of time and voltage as a function of time and are grouped as dangerous shorts and less dangerous shorts, and the monitor further includes a comparator for matching data from the sensors to the profiles;
a controller in communication with the monitor which includes a second storage device in which a list of predetermined actions, one such action for each type of short is stored and which discriminates between the dangerous shorts and the less dangerous shorts for aggressive response or passive response and selects one of the predetermined actions; and
an actuator in communication with the controller to effectuate the selected action, wherein said actuator is selected from the group consisting of a switch to shut off the battery with the dangerous short, a coolant system to cool the battery with the dangerous short, and a barricade to isolate the battery with the dangerous short.

US Pat. No. 10,656,194

REAL-TIME MEASUREMENT OF A SURFACE CHARGE PROFILE OF AN ELECTROSTATIC CHUCK

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. An apparatus for measurement of a surface charge profile of an electrostatic chuck, comprising:an electrostatic charge sensor disposed on a substrate to obtain data indicative of an electrostatic charge on the electrostatic chuck;
a processing circuit disposed on the substrate having an input in communication with the output of the electrostatic charge sensor and an output in communication with the input of a transmitter to process the data obtained by the electrostatic charge sensor and to output processed data to the transmitter, wherein the processing circuit has a relatively high input impedance and a relatively low capacitance compared to the electrostatic chuck so as not to disturb the electrostatic charge on the electrostatic chuck; and
the transmitter disposed on the substrate to transmit the data.

US Pat. No. 10,656,193

ELECTROSTATIC DETECTING SYSTEM AND METHOD

Industrial Technology Res...

1. An electrostatic detecting system adapted to detect static electricity generated at an active surface of a substrate on which device is formed, the electrostatic detecting system comprising:a sensing apparatus, disposed at least adjacent to a back surface opposite to the active surface of the substrate, for measuring the static electricity generated at the active surface and generating an initial electric signal; and
a signal processing apparatus, electrically connected to the sensing apparatus, for receiving the initial electric signal and correcting the initial electric signal based on a voltage compensation value to obtain a final electric signal so as to compensate for a difference value present in the static electricity measured from the back surface and the active surface of the substrate, and outputting the final electric signal to obtain a voltage distribution on the active surface of the substrate,
wherein the voltage compensation value is determined at least by a thickness and a dielectric constant of the substrate, and a distance between the sensing apparatus and the back surface.

US Pat. No. 10,656,192

DEVICE FOR MEASURING A WIRELESS RADIO FREQUENCY CHANNEL WITH DIRECTIONAL MEASUREMENT ABILITY (ANGULAR)

1. A device (1) for measuring a wireless channel in any frequency band, with the device rotating and being autonomous, characterized in that the device (1) comprises at least one antenna (2) that is connected to a processor (3) and powered by a battery, with all being mounted on a rotary platform (5), and with the processor (3) being complimented by at least one encoder (6) located in the stationary portion of the device (1) and an axle (7) of the rotary platform (5) that is connected to a motor (8) via the axle (7) in order to drive the rotary platform (5).

US Pat. No. 10,656,191

CAPACITANCE MEASURING CIRCUIT

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A capacitance measurement circuit for measuring capacitance of an electrode, the circuit comprising:a charging/discharging circuit part which charges the electrode or discharges the electrode;
a counter that measures a first temporal time for the charging/discharging circuit to charge the electrode to a charging threshold and a second temporal time to discharge the electrode to a discharge threshold;
a controller configured to control the charging/discharging circuit part and the counter such that a plurality of discharging measurements are obtained and a plurality of charging measurements are obtained;
averaging logic that averages the first temporal time and the second temporal time to determine an average temporal time,
wherein the controller is further configured to determine the capacitance of the electrode based, at least in part, on the determined average temporal time.

US Pat. No. 10,656,190

NON-PARAMETRIC STATISTICAL BEHAVIORAL IDENTIFICATION ECOSYSTEM FOR ELECTRICITY FRAUD DETECTION

Oracle International Corp...

1. A computer-implemented method for detecting electricity fraud, the method comprising:accessing a known dataset, the known dataset including first data items associated with known cases of electrical fraud;
determining a set of suspicious known cases by at least applying a detector behavior of a model to the first data items;
determining, from the set of suspicious known cases, a set of explained known cases by analyzing each of the known cases in the set of suspicious known cases against one or more false positive explanations of the model, wherein the set of explained known cases is a subset of the set of suspicious known cases;
validating the model based on the determined set of suspicious known cases;
access an unknown dataset, the unknown dataset including second data items associated with unknown cases of electrical fraud at a plurality of service points, wherein each service point of the plurality of service points corresponds to an electricity meter, and wherein the second data items include electricity demand associated with the electricity meter corresponding to each service point;
determining a set of suspicious unknown cases by at least applying the detector behavior to the second data items;
determining, from the set of suspicious unknown cases, a set of explained unknown cases by analyzing each of the unknown cases in the set of suspicious unknown cases against the one or more false positive explanations, wherein the set of explained unknown cases is a subset of the set of suspicious unknown cases; and
determining a set of unexplained unknown cases by subtracting the set of explained unknown cases from the set of suspicious unknown cases, Wherein the set of unexplained unknown cases is a subset of the set of suspicious unknown cases that does not overlap with the set of explained unknown cases.

US Pat. No. 10,656,189

MICROCONTROLLER INCLUDING POWER SUPPLY MONITORING

Atmel Corporation, San J...

1. A method of monitoring power for a microcontroller, the method comprising:alternately monitoring a first power supply level and a second power supply level, wherein the first power supply level corresponds to a first power supply and the second power supply level corresponds to a second power supply, wherein monitoring of both the first and second power supply levels is performed by a same brownout detector, and wherein the method includes monitoring the second power supply level for a greater percentage of time than the first power supply level.

US Pat. No. 10,656,188

CIRCUIT AND METHOD FOR LOAD DETECTION USING SWITCHED CAPACITORS

Vidatronic Inc., College...

3. A load detection circuit, comprising:a variable current source circuit having a first input connected to a power supply, a second input, and a first output connected to an output load;
a switched capacitor circuit having a third input connected to an external voltage reference signal, a fourth input connected to the first output of the variable current source circuit, a fifth input connected to ground, a sixth input, and a second output;
a comparator having a seventh input connected to the second output of the switched capacitor circuit, an eighth input connected to the first output of the variable current source circuit, and a third output;
an edge detector having a ninth input connected to the third output of the comparator, and a fourth output;
a digital controller having a fifth output connected to the second input of the variable current source circuit and a sixth output connected to the sixth input of the switched capacitor circuit, and
wherein a load detection time of the load detection circuit has a fixed time duration.

US Pat. No. 10,656,187

IMAGE GENERATING METHOD, IMAGE GENERATING DEVICE, IMAGE GENERATING PROGRAM, AND STORAGE MEDIUM

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. A method of generating an image which shows a direction of an electric current flowing through a semiconductor device, the method comprising:applying a stimulation signal to the semiconductor device;
detecting a magnetism generated by an application of the stimulation signal and outputting a detection signal;
generating phase image data comprising a phase component which indicates a phase difference based on the phase difference between the detection signal and a reference signal which is generated based on the stimulation signal; and
generating an electric current direction image which shows the direction of the electric current based on magnetism direction data in the thickness direction of the semiconductor device, derived from the phase image data.

US Pat. No. 10,656,186

HEAT-RESISTANT DEVICE FOR CURRENT DETECTION

NGK Insulators, Ltd., Na...

1. A heat-resistant device for current detection, comprising:a heat-resistant substrate including a ceramic material;
a group of power wirings embedded in the heat-resistant substrate, the group of power wirings being adapted for flowing a common high frequency alternating current; and
a coil structure including a coil wiring extending between a start point and an end point, wherein coil units each including or corresponding to one turn of the coil wiring are arranged in a circumferential direction around the group of power wirings and between the start point and the end point of the coil wiring, wherein
the coil unit includes:
a first conductor extending along the power wirings;
a second conductor extending along the power wirings and arranged farther from the group of power wirings than the first conductor;
a first connection wiring coupling the first and second conductors within the same coil unit; and
a second connection wiring coupling the first and second conductors between adjacent coil units in the circumferential direction, wherein
the first conductor, the second conductor, the first connection wiring, and second connection wiring are embedded in the heat-resistant substrate, wherein
at least the first conductor and the second conductor are not exposed outside of the heat-resistant substrate, and wherein
the respective first conductors are spaced by a substantially same minimum distance from an outer circumferential line surrounding the group of power wirings in a plane orthogonal to the extending direction of the group of power wirings, the outer circumferential line being defined by continuously arranged tangential lines in the circumferential direction each tangential line being in contact with outer circumferences of the power wirings adjacent in the circumferential direction.

US Pat. No. 10,656,185

PLANAR DIFFERENTIAL CURRENT PICKUP FOR WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION

MediaTek Inc., Hsin-Chu ...

1. A current sensor for a pair of conductors that carry an electrical current, the current sensor comprising:a first winding located on a first side of a first conductor of the pair of conductors;
a second winding located between the first conductor and a second conductor of the pair of conductors, wherein the second conductor is configured to carry the electrical current in a direction opposite to a flow of the electrical current in the first conductor; and
a third winding located on a first side of the second conductor, wherein an area of the second winding is approximately equal to a sum of an area of the first winding and an area of the third winding to generate negligible current from background time-varying magnetic fields.

US Pat. No. 10,656,184

SIGNAL PROCESS CIRCUIT CAPABLE OF BEING EXTERNALLY COUPLED TO MULTIPLE TYPES OF AMPLIFIER CIRCUITS

NATIONAL APPLIED RESEARCH...

1. A signal process circuit comprisinga signal modulation unit configured to modulate an input signal for generating a modulated signal, the signal modulation unit comprising a first input terminal, a second input terminal, a first output terminal and a second output terminal wherein the first input terminal and the second input terminal of the signal modulation unit are configured to receive the input signal, and the first output terminal and the second output terminal of the signal modulation unit are configured to output the modulated signal;
a first resistor comprising a first terminal coupled to the first output terminal of the signal modulation unit, and a second terminal coupled to an operation node;
a second resistor comprising a first terminal coupled to the operation mode, and a second terminal coupled to the second output terminal of the signal modulation unit;
a first discharge unit comprising a first terminal coupled to the first output terminal of the signal modulation unit, a second terminal coupled to the second output terminal of the signal modulation unit, a third terminal, and a fourth terminal;
a second discharge unit comprising a first terminal coupled to the first output terminal of the signal modulation unit, a second terminal coupled to the second output terminal of the signal modulation unit, a third terminal, and a fourth terminal; and
a discharge detection unit comprising a first detection terminal coupled to the third terminal of the first discharge unit, a second detection terminal coupled to the fourth terminal of the first discharge unit, a third detection terminal coupled to the operation node, a fourth detection terminal coupled to the third terminal of the second discharge unit, and a fifth detection terminal coupled to the fourth terminal of the second discharge unit.

US Pat. No. 10,656,183

ENABLING A TRIGGER IN A TEST AND MEASUREMENT INSTRUMENT

Tektronix, Inc., Beavert...

1. An oscilloscope, comprising:one or more ports to receive one or more signals from one or more devices, at least one of the one or more devices being a device under test;
a trigger enable logic circuit configured to assert a trigger enabled signal when a trigger enable event occurs within the one or more signals, the trigger enable event being a real-time event of the one or more signals in which a pulse width of one of the one or more signals is less than a threshold width;
one or more trigger logic circuits configured to generate a plurality of trigger signals when the trigger enable signal is asserted, each trigger signal being generated after a trigger event occurs within one of the one or more signals; and
an acquisition circuit configured to acquire and store data in a memory in response to each of the trigger signals.

US Pat. No. 10,656,182

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ACCESSING DATA ACQUIRED BY DIGITAL OSCILLOSCOPE, AND DIGITAL OSCILLOSCOPE

GAOEE TECHNOLOGY INC, Sh...

1. A method for accessing data acquired by a digital oscilloscope, comprising the following steps:sampling signals based on a preset sampling frequency and converting the signals into binary data by an ADC, and continuously storing the data into a buffer based on preset rules;
generating one trigger event based on preset timebase parameters and trigger conditions each time when acquired data meets the trigger conditions: and
reading a data segment from the buffer corresponding to each trigger event, and forming a waveform and then displaying;
wherein the procedure of storing the acquired data into the buffer is independent of the procedure of generating the trigger event or reading the data segment or displaying the waveform; the step of converting the signals into the binary data by the ADC, and continuously storing the data into the buffer can be always periodically executed based on the preset rules unless it is stopped or the data acquire is restarted; and the preset sampling frequency is not restricted by the timebase and can keep the same in full scale of the timebase.

US Pat. No. 10,656,181

REJECTION OF MECHANICAL VIBRATION INDUCED NOISE IN ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENTS

Keithley Instruments, LLC...

1. An electronic test instrument, comprising:a signal input configured to receive an electrical signal;
a cooling mechanism; and
a processor configured to:
determine a frequency at which the cooling mechanism should operate;
cause the cooling mechanism to operate at the determined frequency;
select a filter based on the determined frequency; and
apply the filter to the electrical signal to reduce interference with the electrical signal resulting from mechanical vibrations of the cooling mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,656,180

TEST DEVICE

LEENO INDUSTRIAL INC., (...

1. A test device for testing electric characteristics of an object to be tested, the test device comprising:a first support member comprising a plurality of terminal holes;
a second support member comprising a plurality of guide holes and arranged to be spaced apart from and in parallel with the first support member; and
a plurality of test probes, each said test probe comprising:
a main contact probe comprising a main sliding contact portion slidably inserted in the guide hole, a main terminal contact portion disposed at an opposite side from the main sliding contact portion and inserted in the terminal hole, and a main elastic deformation portion connecting the main sliding contact portion and the main terminal contact portion and elastically deformed when the test probe is compressed in a lengthwise direction; and
one or a plurality of sub contact probes each comprising a sub sliding contact portion disposed adjacent to and in parallel with the main sliding contact portion and slidably inserted in the guide hole, a sub terminal contact portion disposed adjacent to and in parallel with the main terminal contact portion and inserted in the terminal hole, and a sub elastic deformation portion connecting the sub sliding contact portion and the sub terminal contact portion, disposed adjacent to and in parallel with the main elastic deformation portion and elastically deformed when the test probe is compressed in a lengthwise direction,
wherein the main terminal contact portion and the sub terminal contact portion are separated by a first slot formed in a lengthwise direction,
wherein the main elastic deformation portion and the sub elastic deformation portion are separated by a second slot formed in a lengthwise direction, the second slot extended from and connected to the first slot.

US Pat. No. 10,656,179

CONTACT TERMINAL, INSPECTION JIG, AND INSPECTION DEVICE

NIDEC-READ CORPORATION, ...

1. A contact terminal comprising:a tubular body that is made of an electrically conductive material and is tubular; and
a central conductor that is made of an electrically conductive material and is in a shape of a rod,
wherein
the central conductor comprises a rod-shaped body inserted into the tubular body,
the tubular body comprises:
a spring portion defined by a helical body formed by a helical groove along a circumference of the tubular body, and
a clasping portion that is fitted on a proximal end portion of the rod-shaped body to clasp the proximal end portion, and
the clasping portion is defined by a circumferential wall at which portions are separated by a slit formed in an end portion of the tubular body in a circumferential direction of the tubular body.

US Pat. No. 10,656,178

METHOD FOR ALIGNING INHOMOGENEOUS RECEIVER WITH ANISOTROPIC EMITTER ON WAFER PROBING SYSTEM

Win Semiconductors Corp.,...

1. A method for aligning an inhomogeneous receiver with an anisotropic emitter on a wafer probing system, wherein a reference semiconductor die is formed on a semiconductor wafer, wherein said reference semiconductor die comprises a reference pad and the anisotropic emitter, wherein said reference pad is located at a reference-pad-and-anisotropic-emitter relative position corresponding to said anisotropic emitter, wherein said method comprises following steps of:Step A: measuring a receiver center position of the inhomogeneous receiver by a profile sensor, wherein said inhomogeneous receiver is configured on the wafer probing system;
Step B: measuring a reference tip position of a reference tip of a reference probe on a probe card by a measuring instrument;
Step C: displacing said inhomogeneous receiver in an aligning displacement according to said reference-pad-and-anisotropic-emitter relative position, said reference tip position and said receiver center position; and
Step D: aligning said reference tip of said reference probe with said reference pad by a probe-tip-and-pad aligning machine of said wafer probing system.

US Pat. No. 10,656,177

PROBE CONNECTOR FOR A PROBING PAD STRUCTURE AROUND A THERMAL ATTACH MOUNTING HOLE

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A system comprising:a probe connector comprising first traces coupled to first conductors curvilinearly arranged around a first elongated portion of the probe connector;
a circuit board comprising second traces coupled to first connector pads curvilinearly arranged around a first hole in the circuit board, wherein the first connector pads are to couple to the first conductors of the probe connector when the first elongated portion is inserted in the first hole; and
a first integrated circuit disposed on the circuit board, the first integrated circuit being coupled to the second traces.

US Pat. No. 10,656,176

TEST DEVICE AND METHOD

DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC., ...

1. A test device, comprising:a first connection interface, coupled to a device under test (DUT) and obtaining power information from the DUT according to a first instruction;
a storage device, storing the power information;
a processor, coupled to the first connection interface and storage device, when the first connection interface is coupled to the DUT, sending the first instruction to the first connection interface, receiving the power information from the first connection interface, and storing the power information in the storage device;
a second connection interface, coupled to an external controlling system, sending the power information to the external controlling system and receiving a test instruction from the external controlling system to test the DUT;
a first controller, coupled to the first connection interface and the processor, and converting a first communication format which is applicable to the first connection interface to a second communication format which is applicable to the processor; and
a second controller, coupled to the second connection interface and the processor, and converting the second communication format which is applicable to the processor to a third communication format which is applicable to the second connection interface.

US Pat. No. 10,656,175

CANTILEVER FOR ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY

Ohio State Innovation Fou...

1. A device for sensing a force, comprising:a cantilever having:
a base cantilever portion with a first end and a second end, the first end of the base cantilever portion having a protruding tip, the second end of the base cantilever portion supporting the base cantilever portion, and
a paddle with a first end and a second end, the first end of the paddle being connected to the base cantilever portion, the second end of the paddle being free to move relative to the base cantilever portion;
a generator configured for providing an input signal to a sample surface; and
a detector configured for measuring a response signal, wherein the response signal represents a deflection of the cantilever in response to a physical change of the sample surface responsive to the input signal;
wherein the base cantilever portion has an effective bending stiffness, k1, and the paddle has an effective bending stiffness, k2, a ratio of the effective bending stiffness, k1, to the effective bending stiffness, k2, is at least 4, wherein the response signal exhibits an invariant contact resonance frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,656,174

PHYSICAL QUANTITY SENSOR, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, AND MOBILE BODY

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A physical quantity sensor comprising:an X axis, a Y axis, and a Z axis that are orthogonal to each other;
a substrate;
a first fixed electrode side fixed section that is fixed to the substrate, the first fixed electrode side fixed section having a first fixed electrode section;
a second fixed electrode side fixed section that is fixed to the substrate, and that is disposed to directly face the first fixed electrode side fixed section in a direction along the X axis, the second fixed electrode side fixed section having a second fixed electrode section, and the first and second fixed electrode sections being disposed side by side along the X axis;
a first movable electrode side fixed section and a second movable electrode side fixed section that are disposed in a direction along the Y axis, and that are each fixed to the substrate;
a movable mass section that has a first movable electrode section having a portion facing the first fixed electrode section and a second movable electrode section having a portion facing the second fixed electrode section;
a first elastic section that connects the first movable electrode side fixed section and the movable mass section along the Y axis; and
a second elastic section that connects the second movable electrode side fixed section and the movable mass section along the Y axis,
wherein the first fixed electrode side fixed section has a first connecting section that protrudes along the X-axis in a negative direction of the X-axis,
the second fixed electrode side fixed section has a second connecting section that protrudes along the X-axis in a positive direction of the X-axis, and
the first and second fixed electrode side fixed sections are located between the first movable electrode side fixed section and the second movable electrode side fixed section when viewed in a direction along the Z axis.

US Pat. No. 10,656,173

MICROMECHANICAL STRUCTURE FOR AN ACCELERATION SENSOR

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A micromechanical structure for an acceleration sensor, including:a substrate;
a movable seismic mass including electrodes and attached to the substrate via at least one attachment element;
a first carrier plate;
a second carrier plate;
first fixed counter electrodes, for the electrodes of the seismic mass, attached to the first carrier plate;
second fixed counter electrodes, for the electrodes of the seismic mass, attached to the second carrier plate;
wherein:
the first and second fixed counter electrodes together with the electrodes of the seismic mass are situated nested in one another in a sensing plane of the micromechanical structure; and
the carrier plates are situated nested in each other in a plane below the sensing plane and are each attached to a central area of the substrate via a respective attachment element.

US Pat. No. 10,656,172

MOTION DETECTING DEVICE AND DETECTING METHOD FOR REPETITIVE MOTION

HTC Corporation, Taoyuan...

1. A motion detecting device comprising:a communication component configured for receiving a plurality of accelerated velocities and a plurality of angular velocities; and
a processing component electrically connected to the communication component, wherein the processing component is configured for:
encoding the angular velocities into a sequence of motion codes, wherein the sequence of the motion codes comprises a plurality of sub-sequences of the motion codes;
selecting a plurality of selected sub-sequences of the motion codes according to lengths of the sub-sequences of the motion codes and accelerated velocities;
determining a plurality of motion periods respectively corresponding to the selected sub-sequences of the motion codes, wherein the motion periods separately correspond to different sets of the angular velocities; and
clustering the motion periods according to differences among the different sets of angular velocities corresponding to the motion periods.

US Pat. No. 10,656,171

TIME-DEPENDENT PRESSURE AND DIRECTIONAL SENSING PROBE

Government of the United ...

1. An air speed probe, comprising:a cylindrical probe body having a length,
a frusto-conical tip at an end of the cylindrical probe body,
a center bore having a first diameter and first depth formed in a center of the tip and coaxially disposed along a portion of the length of the cylindrical probe body, and
radial bores having second diameters and second depths formed in a sidewall of the tip,
where the first diameter is wider than the second diameter, and the first depth is shallower than the second depth.

US Pat. No. 10,656,170

MAGNETIC FIELD SENSORS AND OUTPUT SIGNAL FORMATS FOR A MAGNETIC FIELD SENSOR

Allegro MicroSystems, LLC...

1. A magnetic field sensor, comprising:one or more magnetic field sensing elements operable to generate a respective one or more magnetic field signals proportional to a magnetic field associated with a ferromagnetic object capable of moving;
one or more circuit channels coupled to receive the one or more magnetic field signals, the one or more circuit channels configured to generate a respective one or more channel signals; and
an electronic circuit coupled to receive the one or more channel signals and operable to generate an output signal comprising a plurality of signal pulses having a plurality of state transitions, the plurality of signal pulses representative of at least a rate of movement of the ferromagnetic object, wherein the plurality of state transitions comprises at least one first state transition between a first level and a second level that is higher than the first level, at least one second state transition between the first level and a third level that is higher than the second level, and at least one third state transition to a fourth level that is lower than the first level, the second level, and the third level, wherein the fourth level is indicative of a failure state of the magnetic field sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,656,169

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REDUCING CARRYOVER OF REAGENTS AND SAMPLES IN ANALYTICAL TESTING

Siemens Healthcare Diagno...

1. A method of reducing carryover of reagents in analytical testing, comprising:providing an incubation member including receptacles including a first subset of reaction vessels and a second subset of reaction vessels;
providing a dispensing system for dispensing reagents into the first subset of reaction vessels and into the second subset of reaction vessels;
providing a controller in communication with the dispensing system;
defining a first reagent type comprising one or more non-interfering reagents that do not act as an analyte to any tests that include reagents defined within the first reagent type;
defining a second reagent type comprising one or more non-interfering reagents that do not act as an analyte to any tests that include reagents defined within the second reagent type, the reagents included within the second reagent type acting as an analyte to any tests that include reagents defined within the first reagent type;
first reagent dispensing by the dispensing system under control of the controller of a reagent defined as the first reagent type only into reaction vessels within the first subset for tests of a first test type that include addition of the first reagent type; and
second reagent dispensing by the dispensing system under control of the controller of a reagent defined as the second reagent type only into reaction vessels within the second subset for tests of a second test type that include the addition of the second reagent type;
first sample dispensing of samples into the first subset of reaction vessels and into the second subset of reaction vessels;
performing first tests of the first test type in the first subset of reaction vessels and second tests of the second test type in the second subset of reaction vessels;
second sample dispensing of samples into the first subset of reaction vessels and the second subset of reaction vessels after performing the first tests and the second tests;
third reagent dispensing of a reagent defined as the first reagent type only into the first subset of reaction vessels after performing the first tests;
fourth reagent dispensing of a reagent defined as the second reagent type only into the second subset of reaction vessels after performing the second tests; and
performing tests of a third test type in the first subset of reaction vessels and performing tests of a fourth test type in the second subset of reaction vessels subsequent to the second sample dispensing.

US Pat. No. 10,656,168

AUTOMATED PROCESSING SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF THERMALLY PROCESSING MICROSCOPE SLIDES

Ventana Medical Systems, ...

1. A method for drying a plurality of specimens carried by a plurality of microscope slides, the method comprising:positioning a slide carrier at a first position while the slide carrier holds the plurality of microscope slides, wherein each of the specimens is carried by one of the plurality of microscope slides;
robotically moving the slide carrier from the first position to a second position to move the slide carrier into a circulation loop defined by a heater apparatus, wherein the second position is oriented vertically relative to the first position such that a longitudinal axis of at least one of the plurality of microscope slides is positioned at an angle between about 70 degrees and about 90 degrees relative to a horizontal plane; and
convectively heating the specimens and/or microscope slides with a substantially laminar flow stream configured to parallelly pass across an entire specimen-bearing surface of each of the plurality of microscope slides while the slide carrier is at the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,656,165

IN VITRO PROCESS FOR THE QUANTIFICATION OF CARBOXYMETHYL AND CARBOXYETHYL LEVEL OF ALBUMIN IN A SAMPLE

1. An in vitro process for the identification, quantification or identification and quantification of carboxymethyl and carboxyethyl level of albumin in a sample comprising:(a) establishing a diagnostic fragment ion library for advanced glycation end-product (AGE), wherein the AGE comprises carboxymethyl lysine (CML), and carboxyethyl lysine (CEL) modified peptides and wherein the fragment ion library is specific to modified carboxymethyl and carboxyethyl glycated sites selected from the group consisting of K36, K88, K160, K161, K183, K375, K438, K490 and K549 in SEQ ID NO: 1, comprising:
(i) modifying human serum albumin (HSA) with glucose, glycoxylic acid, or methyl glyoxal to form AGE modified peptides;
(ii) subjecting the AGE to tryptic digestion;
(iii) manually validating the AGE modified peptides for consensus MS and MS/MS spectra; and
(iv) constructing the diagnostic library for CML and CEL peptides of albumin;
(b) obtaining a sample from a subject;
(c) generating fragment ions from the sample via mass spectrometry;
(d) identifying the specificity of fragment ions obtained in step (c);
(e) comparing the fragment ions identified in step (d) to the ion library established in step (a); and
(f) quantifying the levels of CML and CEL modified peptide content of fragment ions obtained in step (c), wherein AGE modified glycation sites are situated at lysine (K) residues
(g) determining if a patient has a normal glucose tolerance, an impaired glucose tolerance, is a microalbuminuria, or is a diabetic.

US Pat. No. 10,656,164

SCREENING ASYMPTOMATIC PREGNANT WOMAN FOR PRETERM BIRTH

Qiagen Sciences, LLC, Ga...

1. A method of determining risk of preterm labor in an asymptomatic pregnant woman, the method comprising:assessing a pregnant woman to determine that she is free of symptoms of preterm labor;
obtaining a vaginal fluid sample from the asymptomatic pregnant woman;
contacting the vaginal fluid sample with at least one PAMG-1 antibody that binds with PAMG-1 said antibody selected from the group consisting of M271, produced by hybridoma N271, deposited with the Russian National Collection of Industrial Microorganisms (VKPM) Depository and assigned accession number VKPM-93; M52, produced by hybridoma N52, deposited with the VKPM and assigned accession number VKPM-92; and M42, produced by hybridoma N42, deposited with the VKPM and assigned accession number VKPM-94;
detecting whether the PAMG-1 antibody binds with PAMG-1 in the vaginal fluid sample to form a PAMG-1-antibody complex only when the concentration of PAMG-1 in the sample is at least 4 ng/ml;
determining that if PAMG-1 is detected, the asymptomatic pregnant woman is susceptible to preterm labor;
and determining that if PAMG-1 is not detected the asymptomatic pregnant woman is not susceptible to preterm labor; and
providing the determined risk to the asymptomatic pregnant woman and
further recommending that the asymptomatic pregnant woman be screened for preterm labor if PAMG-1 is detected.

US Pat. No. 10,656,162

USE OF GLU-TUBULIN AS A BIOMARKER OF DRUG RESPONSE TO FURAZANOBENZIMIDAZOLES

Basilea Pharmaceutica AG,...

1. A method treating a neoplastic disease in a patient or subject in need thereof, said method comprising the steps of:a) determining the level of the glu-tubulin proteins in a sample of biologic material obtained from the body of said patient;
b) administering to said patient a compound of general formula I

wherein:
R represents phenyl or pyridinyl;
wherein phenyl is optionally substituted by one or two substituents independently selected from lower alkyl, lower alkoxy, amino, acetylamino, halogen and nitro; and wherein pyridinyl is optionally substituted by amino or halogen;
X represents a group C?O;
R1 represents hydrogen or cyano-lower alkyl;
R2, R3, R4, R5 and R6 represent hydrogen;
or a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof,
wherein the pharmaceutically acceptable derivative is selected from the group consisting of a salt, solvate, pro-drug, salt of a pro-drug, and polymorph of the compound of general formula I,
wherein the term lower denotes a radical having up to 7 carbon atoms;
if the level of glu-tubulin proteins in the sample is lower than a standard value or set of standard values for the level of glu-tubulin proteins;
wherein the neoplastic disease selected from the group consisting of epithelial neoplasms, squamous cell neoplasms, basal cell neoplasms, transitional cell papillomas and carcinomas, adenomas and adenocarcinomas, adnexal and skin appendage neoplasms, mucoepidermoid neoplasms, cystic neoplasms, mucinous and serous neoplasms, ducal-, lobular and medullary neoplasms, acinar cell neoplasms, complex epithelial neoplasms, specialized gonadal neoplasms, paragangliomas and glomus tumors, naevi and melanomas, soft tissue tumors and sarcomas, fibromatous neoplasms, myxomatous neoplasms, lipomatous neoplasms, myomatous neoplasms, complex mixed and stromal neoplasms, fibroepithelial neoplasms, synovial like neoplasms, mesothelial neoplasms, germ cell neoplasms, trophoblastic neoplasms, mesonephromas, blood vessel tumors, lymphatic vessel tumors, osseous and chondromatous neoplasms, giant cell tumors, miscellaneous bone tumors, odontogenic tumors, gliomas, neuroepitheliomatous neoplasms, meningiomas, nerve sheath tumors, granular cell tumors and alveolar soft part sarcomas, Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, other lymphoreticular neoplasms, plasma cell tumors, mast cell tumors, immunoproliferative diseases, leukemias, miscellaneous myeloproliferative disorders, lymphoproliferative disorders and myelodysplastic syndromes; and
wherein the determination of a higher level of glu-tubulin in said sample obtained from the animal or human being is carried out by comparing the measured glu-tubulin protein level in said sample:
i) relative to a standard value or a set of standard values of level of glu-tubulin proteins from samples from other subjects having the same tumor histotype as said animal or human being; or
ii) relative to a standard value or a set of standard values of levels of glu-tubulin proteins from a sample or samples of levels of glu-tubulin from normal tissue; or
iii) relative to a standard value or a set of standard values of levels of glu-tubulin proteins from a sample or samples obtained from the same patient before initiation of treatment with the compound of formula I or a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,656,161

POLYCLONAL MIXTURES OF ANTIBODIES, AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING THEM

ADIMAB, LLC, Lebanon, NH...

1. A method of enriching for antibodies having specificity towards at least one rare epitope of an antigen in an antibody selection process, the method comprising:a) contacting a first sample of the antigen with a first library of antibodies or with a plurality of host cells collectively expressing a first library of antibodies;
b) collecting antibodies that bind to the antigen from among the first library of antibodies employed in step a) or host cells expressing antibodies that bind to the antigen from among the first plurality of cells employed in step a);
c) preparing a composition comprising a polyclonal mixture of antibodies collected in step b), wherein the composition comprises at least one antibody that recognizes at least one dominant epitope on the antigen;
d) contacting a second sample of the antigen with an aliquot of the composition prepared in step c), thereby binding to and blocking the at least one dominant epitope in the second sample, and then contacting the second sample with a second library of antibodies or a second plurality of host cells collectively expressing a second library of antibodies;
e) after performing step d), collecting at least one antibody from the second library of antibodies with specificity to the at least one rare epitope or collecting host cells from among the second plurality of host cells that express antibodies with specificity to the at least one rare epitope;
wherein the at least one rare epitope is an epitope of an antigen for which a relatively low amount of antibodies are collected, isolated, and/or identified relative to an epitope of an antigen for which a greater number antibodies are collected, isolated, and/or identified;
wherein the number of different antibodies having specificity to the at least one rare epitope collected in step e) is greater than the number of antibodies having specificity to the at least one dominant epitope collected in step b).

US Pat. No. 10,656,157

RARE EVENT DETECTION USING MASS TAGS

Purdue Research Foundatio...

1. A method for detecting a target analyte in a sample, the method comprising:conducting an assay that specifically associates a mass tag with a target analyte in a sample;
depolymerizing the mass tag to generate a plurality of molecules that are dissociated from the target analyte;
capturing the plurality of molecules via an affinity agent on a spray probe, thereby pre-concentrating the plurality of molecules;
generating, via the spray probe, a plurality of ions from the plurality of molecules; and
analyzing the plurality of ions, thereby detecting the target analyte from the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,656,155

SERUM-BASED BIOMARKERS OF PANCREATIC CANCER AND USES THEREOF FOR DISEASE DETECTION AND DIAGNOSIS

MED-LIFE DISCOVERIES LP, ...

1. An analytical method for diagnosing pancreatic cancer in a patient, comprising the steps of:a) performing a mass spectrometry assay on at least one blood sample from said patient using a Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance, time of flight, magnetic sector, quadrupole or triple quadrupole mass spectrometer to obtain a collision induced dissociation (CID) MS/MS fragmentation pattern for one or more than one metabolite marker and to obtain quantifying data for said one or more than one metabolite marker;
b) generating a result of said mass spectrometry assay, said result comprising at least the presence of a decrease in the level of said one or more than one metabolite marker in said blood sample based on a comparison of said quantifying data for said one or more than one metabolite marker to corresponding data obtained for one or more than one reference blood sample; and
c) assigning the patient as having pancreatic cancer based on the decrease in the level of said one or more than one metabolite marker in said blood sample,wherein the one or more than one metabolite marker is:lysophosphatidylcholine LysoPC 20:5, having a molecular formula of C28H48NO7P and being characterized by a CID MS/MS fragmentation pattern using N2 as collision gas comprising the following daughter ions: 542.3 and 184.2 in positive ionization mode, 586.3 and 526.3 in negative ionization mode, and 586.3 and 301.2 in negative ionization mode; or
a phosphatidylcholine having a molecular formula of C44H84NO8P or C46H82NO8P, the phosphatidylcholine having the molecular formula of C44H84NO8P being characterized by a CID MS/MS fragmentation pattern using N2 as collision gas comprising the following daughter ions: 786.6 and 184.2 in positive ionization mode, 830.6, 770.6 and 279.2 for PtdCho 18:0/18:2 in negative ionization mode, 830.6, 770.6 and 283.2 for PtdCho 18:2/18:0 in negative ionization mode, and 830.6, 770.6 and 281.2 for PtdCho 18:1/18:1 in negative ionization mode, and the metabolite having the molecular formula of C46H82NO8P being characterized by a CID MS/MS fragmentation pattern using N2 as collision gas comprising the following daughter ions: 808.6 and 184.2 in positive ionization mode, 852.6, 792.6 and 301.3 for PtdCho 18:0/20:5 in negative ionization mode, 852.6, 792.6 and 329.3 for PtdCho 16:0/22:5 in negative ionization mode, 852.6, 792.6 and 303.2 for PtdCho 18:1/20:4 in negative ionization mode, and 852.6, 792.6 and 255.2 for PtdCho 22:5/16:0 in negative ionization mode; or
a sphingomyelin having a molecular formula of C39H79N2O6P and being characterized by a CID MS/MS fragmentation pattern using N2 as collision gas comprising the following daughter ions: 703.6 and 184.2 in positive ionization mode and 747.6, 687.6 and 168.1 in negative ionization mode; or
has the molecular formula of C36H64O5 and is characterized by a CID MS/MS fragmentation pattern using N2 as collision gas and analyzed under negative ionization comprising the following daughter ions: 575.5, 513.5, 557.5, 539.5, 531.5, 499.5, 495.5, 459.4, 417.4, 415.3, 413.3, 403.3, 295.2, 279.2, 260.2, 251.2, 197.9, 119.4, 113.1, and 97.0; or
a combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,656,151

AIR CAPILLARY VENT FOR A LATERAL FLOW ASSAY DEVICE

ORTHO-CLINICAL DIAGNOSTIC...

1. A lateral flow assay device comprising:a substrate having a top surface; a liquid sample addition zone for receiving a sample;
a transport and reaction zone;
a wicking zone, each of the liquid sample addition zone, transport and reaction zone and wicking zone being formed in the top surface of the substrate and fluidically interconnected to define at least one fluid flow path extending from the liquid sample addition zone to the wicking zone;
two or more vents at the terminus of the wicking zone; and
a vent channel from each of the two or more vents to a capillary vent;
wherein the capillary vent has an overall length and cross-sectional area that creates a backpressure so as to control the flow rate of a sample applied to the assay device.

US Pat. No. 10,656,150

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR A LATERAL FLOW TEST STRIP HOLDER

POLYMER TECHNOLOGY SYSTEM...

1. A system of detecting a blood analyte, comprising:a test strip holder, the test strip holder comprising a base defining a base cavity having a first end and a second end, the base defining a reading window adjacent the second end of the base cavity, the test strip holder further comprising a lid secured to the base over the base cavity, the lid defining a dosing window adjacent the first end of the base cavity;
a wicking membrane received within the base cavity adjacent the first end of the base cavity and aligned under the dosing window;
a lateral flow test strip received within the base cavity, the lateral flow test strip having a dosing end and a testing end, the dosing end being positioned against the wicking membrane, such that an edge of the lateral flow test strip is in line with an edge of the dosing window; and
a meter receiving the test strip holder, the meter including a sensor, wherein the lid is flush with the lateral flow test strip, such that fluid may not flow between the lid and the lateral flow test strip.

US Pat. No. 10,656,148

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING PATHOGENS ON TREATED AND UNTREATED SUBSTRATES USING LIQUID CRYSTAL CHROMONIC AZO DYE

Pathogen Systems, Inc., ...

1. A method for detecting pathogens at comprising:assembling a sealed test cell oriented along first and second axes defining a plane and including a pair of opposed substrates positioned therein;
suspending a nematic phase lyotropic chromonic liquid crystal in water, thereby forming a solution having a water-lyotropic chromonic liquid crystal ratio in a preselected range by weight;
introducing an antibody coated micro-bead-ligand receptor into the lyotropic chromonic liquid crystal-water solution;
mixing the solution;
injecting the lyotropic chromonic liquid crystal solution mixed with the receptor into the cell at room temperature;
allowing the lyotropic chromonic liquid crystal solution to orient and align itself spontaneously homeotropically with respect to each of the opposed substrates;
injecting an antigen-containing material to be tested into the cell;
forming an antigen-antibody complex in the aligned liquid crystal;
exposing the cell to a source of light;
cross polarizing the light before and after it enters and leaves the cell, respectively; and
distorting the aligned liquid crystal in response to the presence of an antigen-antibody complex within the liquid crystal; thereby generating optically-detectable birefringence; and
detecting the birefringence.

US Pat. No. 10,656,147

MAGNETIC ELEMENTS FOR PROCESSING FLUIDS

DH Technologies Developme...

1. A digital microfluidic processing system, comprising:at least one fluid container having a plurality of elongated magnetic elements arranged therein, the fluid container being capable of receiving at least one fluid;
a plurality of actuating electrodes that form a fluid surface that is positioned adjacent to the at least one fluid container such that fluids from the one fluid container are dispensable onto the fluid surface from the at least one fluid container;
a magnet component positioned so as to generate a magnetic force within the fluid container sufficient to magnetically influence the plurality of elongated magnetic elements, the magnetic component comprising an assembly of magnets with a first portion of the assembly of magnets radially positioned at or substantially at a top portion of the at least one fluid container and a second portion of the assembly of magnets radially poisoned at or substantially at a bottom portion of the at least one fluid container; and
a controller coupled to the magnet component that is capable of activating and deactivating the magnet components thereby controlling the magnetic field applied by the magnet component to the elongated magnetic elements to control movement thereof;
wherein the magnetic force comprises a three-dimensional rotating magnetic force.

US Pat. No. 10,656,146

DETECTION OF POLYMERIC ANALYTES

University of Virginia Pa...

1. A method for detecting the presence of a polymeric analyte in a sample comprising nucleic acid, protein or positively charged polysaccharide, comprising:(a) providing in a detection chamber a receptacle having a solution comprising the sample and an amount of magnetic beads, wherein the magnetic beads are coated or derivatized with silica, wherein the solution for detecting nucleic acid further comprises a chaotropic agent, wherein the solution for detecting positively charged polysaccharide is a solution with low ionic strength, or wherein the sample in the solution for detecting protein is subjected to denaturing conditions before placement in the receptacle;
(b) placing the detection chamber at approximately the center of a rotating magnetic field so as to form pinwheels in the solution if the analyte is present, wherein the rotation is at 10 to 10,000 rpm, wherein pinwheel formation is specific to the presence of the binding between the nucleic acid, protein or positively charged polysaccharide and the magnetic beads; and
(c) detecting the presence, amount or size of the pinwheel formations via an optical system, which formations differ from formations in the absence of the nucleic acid, protein or positively charged polysaccharide in a control sample subjected to the rotating magnetic field, wherein the presence of the pinwheel formations is indicative of the presence of the nucleic acid, protein or positively charged polysaccharide in the sample or wherein the amount or size of the pinwheel formations is indicative of the concentration of the nucleic acid, protein or positively charged polysaccharide in the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,656,140

SYSTEM FOR CONDUCTING THE IDENTIFICATION OF BACTERIA IN URINE

POCARED Diagnostics LTD.,...

1. A sample processor for preparing fluid samples used for conducting the identification and quantification of micro-organisms in the urine samples, comprising:a) a rotatable table; and
b) a magazine supported by the rotatable table;
c) a plurality of cartridges located within the magazine;
d) a plurality of disposable components including an optical cup or cuvette located within the plurality of cartridges, the optical cup or cuvette containing a fluid sample; and
e) an optical analyzer located above the magazine, wherein the optical analyzer includes an optics system for analyzing each fluid sample, wherein
the optical cup or cuvette comprises a container having an open portion through which a light travels for the optical analysis of the fluid sample, said container including a reflective surface for enhancing the optical analysis, said container having a sidewall that is continuously tapered along its length to a truncated conical end, wherein during optical analysis, the light is directed downwardly through the open portion of the container and into the fluid sample, wherein the tapered sidewall is configured to assist with the optical analysis and the reflective surface of the container reflects fluorescent emissions back in an upwardly direction out of the fluid sample and through the open portion of the container to an optical collection unit for optical analysis.

US Pat. No. 10,656,139

DROPOUT DETECTION IN CONTINUOUS ANALYTE MONITORING DATA DURING DATA EXCURSIONS

Abbott Diabetes Care Inc....

1. A method, comprising:receiving sensor data from an analyte sensor configured for positioning in fluid contact with a fluid under a skin layer, the sensor data corresponding to a monitored analyte level of the fluid, the sensor data including multiple instances of a periodic event;
segmenting the sensor data into a plurality of time segments, the plurality of time segments including a first segment comprising a first instance of the periodic event, and a second segment comprising a second instance of the periodic event;
applying a time dilation operation to the first segment to obtain a time dilated first segment;
correlating the sensor data of the time dilated first segment to the sensor data of the second segment, so that sensor data of the time dilated first segment over a first period of time correlates to sensor data of the second segment over a second period of time;
determining that the sensor data of the time dilated first segment over the first period of time differs by more than a dynamically varying threshold from the sensor data of the second segment over the second period of time; and
displaying an indication that the first segment includes a dropout.

US Pat. No. 10,656,138

TEST BARREL FOR PLACING TEST PAPER CARD

Zhejiang Orient Gene Biot...

1. A test barrel for placing a test paper card, comprising:a barrel body (1) comprising a barrel mouth with threads thereon and two place reminding boards (11) symmetrically arranged on the barrel body (1) separately, and wherein each of the two place reminding boards comprises a flat surface, and wherein a strip-shaped bump is arranged on the flat surface of the place reminding board (11);
wherein the barrel body (1) is configured to be a hollow cuboid structure, wherein a top end of the cuboid structure extends perpendicularly upwards to define a cylindrical barrel mouth (12), a periphery of the barrel mouth (12) is provided with threads connecting to a barrel lid (2), the cuboid structure is internally provided with a securing member (13) for securing the test paper card (3), and the securing member (13) is configured to be a cylindrical bump;
the barrel lid (2) comprising a cylindrical structure having an opening at a bottom end thereof; two symmetric ends of the cylindrical barrel lid (2) extends to define two symmetrical force bearing portions (22) having the same height as the cylindrical structure, wherein a side face of the force bearing portion (22) is provided with bands, and an inner wall of the cylindrical barrel lid (2) is provided with threads mating with the threads of the barrel mouth (12); and wherein each of the two force bearing portions is a hollow structure and each of the hollow structures has an elastic strip-shaped tab (21) therein so that when the lid secures on the mouth of the barrel body, each of the two elastic strip-shaped tabs contacts each of the two strip-shaped bumps respectively as to produce a reminding sound to achieve an optimal sealing effect; and
a test paper card (3) comprising a card body (31), securing portions (32) arranged on left and right ends of the card body (31) and configured to secure the card body (31) to the securing member (13), more than one test paper trough (33) arranged between the securing portions (32), and a liquid running portion (34) arranged between the test paper troughs (33); said test paper card further comprising a retaining portion, an observation portion for observing the test paper, a press portion for pressing the test paper and a test portion for securing the test paper.

US Pat. No. 10,656,137

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A NANO-GAP IN A BRITTLE FILM ASSISTED BY A STABILIZING SUBSTRATE

1. A method for developing a nano-gap comprisingdepositing a brittle material on a substrate;
depositing a conductive graphene layer at the surface of said brittle material;
placing one or more indentions on said brittle material to mark one or more positions on a single crack to be formed;
propagating a single crack through said brittle material and said graphene using a force, said crack 400 nano-meters or less, a first side of said crack having a first height C1, and a second side of said crack having a second height C2; and
bending at said crack on said first side at an angle l1 to reduce said crack by a first distance, and on said second side at an angle l2, to reduce said crack by a second distance, to form a nanogap, said first distance equal to C1 cos(l1), said second distance equal to C2 cos(l2), said bending occurring only at said single crack.

US Pat. No. 10,656,136

OBSERVATION APPARATUS, OBSERVATION METHOD, OBSERVATION SYSTEM, PROGRAM, AND CELL MANUFACTURING METHOD

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

7. A determination apparatus comprising:a processor programmed to:
calculate, by way of an area calculation unit, based on an image a temporal change amount of a size of an area per one individual cell included in a subject colony,
acquire, from a memory, maturity degree information, which is information regarding a standard temporal change amount of a size of an area per one individual cell included in a previously-observed colony for a same cell line type that is the same as a cell line type of the subject colony; and
determine, by comparing the calculated temporal change amount of a size of the area per one individual cell included in the subject colony with the acquired maturity degree information by way of a maturity determination unit, a cell maturity degree of a cell that forms the subject colony based on a first threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,656,135

METHOD FOR DETERMINING A MIXING RATIO OF N ORGANIC, MISCIBLE COMPONENTS IN A MIXTURE OF SAID COMPONENTS AND USE OF AN INORGANIC MARKER

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for determining a mixing ratio A of n organic miscible components in a mixture thereof, comprising the steps of:providing n components in predefined amounts, where n is an integer ?2;
mixing one inorganic marker with each one of the components respectively, in a predefined mixing ratio of a particular inorganic marker to a particular component, wherein at least one component is mixed with one inorganic marker, and wherein the inorganic markers differ in chemical nature;
preparing a mixture of the components;
performing an analysis to quantitatively determine the amounts of the inorganic markers; and
determining the mixing ratio A of the n components from the determined amounts of the inorganic markers using the particular predefined mixing ratios of the particular inorganic marker to the particular component.

US Pat. No. 10,656,134

ISOTHERMAL ANALYSIS SYSTEM AND METHOD TO DETERMINE AT LEAST ONE TYPE OF CARBON COMPOUNDS IN DRILL CUTTINGS

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

17. An isothermal analysis method, comprising:heating a sample chamber of an oxidation furnace to a temperature regulated to a substantially constant temperature above 550° C.;
placing a sample of drill cuttings obtained from a well-bore into the sample chamber and subjecting the sample to an oxidation reaction inside of the oxidation furnace;
detecting the amount of at least one combustion product produced by the sample subjected to the oxidation reaction, wherein the at least one combustion product comprises at least one of carbon monoxide (CO) or dioxide (CO2);
transmitting a signal to an input port of at least one processor executing processor-executable code stored in a non-transitory processor readable medium, the signal including data indicative of an amount of said combustion products as a function of time;
processing the data by the at least one processor with a predetermined logic stored in a non-transitory processor-readable medium to:
locate a first peak produced by the sample of drill cuttings at a first set of instants in time, wherein the first peak is indicative of at least one contaminant present in the sample, and wherein the at least one contaminant comprises volatile organic compounds associated with oil-based mud present in the sample of drill cuttings;
locate a second peak in the amount of the at least one combustion product produced by the sample of drill cuttings at a second set of instants in time based on locating the first peak, wherein the second set of instants in time occurs subsequent to the first set of instants in time;
calculate a total amount of organic carbon present in the sample of drill cuttings based on the second peak; and
outputting, by the at least one processor via an output port, at least one signal indicative of the total amount of organic carbon compounds present in the sample of drill cuttings.

US Pat. No. 10,656,133

CONTROLLING PLANT DETECTION SYSTEMS USING PHASE DELAY ANALYSIS

Trimble Inc., Sunnyvale,...

1. A method for controlling a plant detection system comprising a light source and a photodetector module, the light source configured to emit a first light beam at a first wavelength and a second light beam at a second wavelength different from the first wavelength, the first light beam modulated with a first signal having a first phase, and the second light beam modulated with a second signal having a second phase that overlaps with but is shifted from the first phase, the method comprising:emitting the first light beam from the light source, the first light beam directed towards bare soil;
detecting portions of the first light beam reflected from the bare soil, the portions of the first light beam detected using the photodetector module;
determining a first phase delay of the portions of the first light beam detected using the photodetector module;
emitting the second light beam from the light source, the second light beam directed towards the bare soil;
detecting portions of the second light beam reflected from the bare soil, the portions of the second light beam detected using the photodetector module;
determining a second phase delay of the portions of the second light beam detected using the photodetector module;
determining a target phase shift based on the first phase delay and the second phase delay;
emitting a composite light beam comprising the first light beam and the second light beam, the composite light beam directed towards the bare soil;
detecting portions of the composite light beam reflected from the bare soil, the portions of the composite light beam detected using the photodetector module; and
adjusting an intensity of at least one of the first light beam or the second light beam so that a phase shift of the composite light beam is approximately equal to the target phase shift.

US Pat. No. 10,656,132

SAMPLING PUMPS AND GAS ANALYZERS

SHENZHEN MINDRAY BIO-MEDI...

1. A sampling pump, comprising:at least one reciprocating pump set, wherein each of the at least one reciprocating pump set comprises two reciprocating pumps, each reciprocating pump comprising a rotary motor and an outlet nozzle;
at least one connection carrier, wherein two reciprocating pumps within the same set are separated and rigidly and fixedly mounted on the at least one connection carrier, such that the impact force directions generated by the movements of the two reciprocating pumps are along a common line; wherein the two reciprocating pumps of the same set are rigidly fixed along the common line in a same orientation, wherein the at least one connection carrier and the two reciprocating pumps are mounted on a base separated from the at least one connection carrier;
a control system in operable communication with each of the reciprocating pumps and operable for outputting drive signals to the rotary motors of the two reciprocating pumps, wherein the drive signals have identical amplitudes and a phase deviation of about 180° to cause the two reciprocating pumps within the same reciprocating pump set to provide opposing impact force directions at the same time; and
at least one integrated output channel, wherein the outlet nozzles of the two reciprocating pumps within the same reciprocating pump set are assembled together to form the integrated output channel, the integrated output channel communicates to the outlet nozzles of the two reciprocating pumps within the same reciprocating pump set.

US Pat. No. 10,656,131

CAVITY ENHANCED ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY (CEAS) FOR OZONE DETECTION

United States of America ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a pulsed light emitting diode (LED) configured to emit a light operating at a 260 nanometer wavelength towards a photomultiplier tube (PMT); and
a cell comprising a pair of reflective mirrors located at opposite ends of the cell, wherein the pair of mirrors are configured to bounce the light back and forth a plurality of times increasing the effective path length of the cell, wherein the PMT is configured to detect the emitted light for ozone absorption measurement with a shortened integration time of a duration of less than 10 seconds made from an aircraft moving approximately 200 meters per second in order to achieve a predetermined fine spatial resolution of 0.12 parts per billion where the duration is approximately 0.1 seconds; whereby the attenuation of light by an absorber per unit length is defined by the equation I/I0=e??nl, where I is measured light intensity with the absorber (O3) in a cell, I0 is measured light with no absorber (O3) in the cell, ? is the absorption cross section of ozone at 260 nm, n is the number of O3 molecules in the cell, and l is the optical path length of the cell.

US Pat. No. 10,656,130

ELEMENTAL ANALYSIS SYSTEM AND METHOD WITH A REACTOR HAVING TWO METAL ZEOLITE NITROGEN OXIDES REDUCTION REACTION ZONES

Thermo Fisher Scientific ...

29. A method of elemental analysis of a sample, the method comprising:a. introducing into an oxidation reaction zone a sample to be analyzed;
b. oxidizing the sample in the oxidation reaction zone to generate oxidized products including nitrogen oxides (NOx) from nitrogen present in the sample;
c. reducing the nitrogen oxides to elemental nitrogen in a reactor including at least two reduction reaction zones, each of the reduction reaction zones including a metal zeolite that can reduce nitrogen oxides (NOx) to molecular nitrogen (N2) by selective catalytic reaction, the at least two reduction reaction zones being separated from each other by a porous material; and
d. analyzing the elemental nitrogen using mass spectrometry.

US Pat. No. 10,656,129

MINIATURE GAS SENSOR

NATIONAL APPLIED RESEARCH...

1. A miniature gas sensor, comprising a substrate, a dielectric layer, and a sensing layer, said dielectric layer disposed on said substrate, a heating device and two electrodes buried in said dielectric layer and electrically isolated from each other, said sensing layer disposed on said heating device and connected with said two electrodes, wherein said sensing layer is formed by a first metal oxide layer and a reaction layer, said reaction layer is disposed on said first metal oxide layer and the surface of said reaction layer is a rough surface to increase the contact area of said reaction layer for sensing gas, part of said electrodes is extended toward the top of said dielectric layer and supports said sensing layer to separate said sensing layer from said dielectric layer; wherein said first metal oxide layer is used as a conductor for conducting electrons of said sensing layer.

US Pat. No. 10,656,128

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GAS SAMPLE ANALYSIS

MLS ACQ, INC., East Wind...

1. A method for analyzing a sample using a chromatography and spectrometry system, the method comprising:(a) providing a first set of candidate species based on retention indices for the respective candidate species;
(b) selecting a subset of candidate species from the first set based on spectral information of the candidate species; and
(c) providing the subset of candidate species to a combinatoric module for generating a solution that includes identities of the species in the sample and respective concentrations of the species, wherein the combinatoric module generates the solution by performing a regression analysis and minimizing least squares errors between a computed spectrum and a sample spectrum.

US Pat. No. 10,656,127

HIGH RESOLUTION MS1 BASED QUANTIFICATION

Thermo Fisher Scientific ...

1. A data independent acquisition method of mass spectrometry for analysing a sample, the method being performed within a time period based on a width of a chromatographic peak of the sample as it elutes from a chromatography system and comprising the steps of:ionising the sample to produce a plurality of precursor ions;
selecting a precursor mass range of interest for the sample to be analysed;
performing a plurality of MS1 scans, each of the MS1 scans comprising:
scanning precursor ions of the sample across the precursor mass range of interest, using a mass analyser operated at a first, relatively higher resolution of at least 50,000 at m/z=200 amu, for identification and/or quantitation of the sample in the MS1 domain across the precursor mass range of interest; and
obtaining a set of MS2 scans by:
segmenting the precursor mass range of interest into a plurality of precursor mass range segments, wherein
for each precursor mass range segment:
fragmenting the precursor ions within that mass range segment, and
performing an MS2 scan of the fragmented mass range segment with the mass analyser, operated at a second, relatively lower resolution, such that each of the fragmented sample segments across the precursor mass range of interest is fragmented and scanned in the MS2 domain,
wherein the performing of the MS1 scans are interleaved throughout the performing of each of the sets of MS2 scans such that the MS1 scans provide a mass chromatogram of the sample; and
at most 2 sets of MS2 scans are obtained.

US Pat. No. 10,656,126

PRE-ANALYSIS TREATMENT METHOD FOR SAMPLE CONTAINING PLURALITY OF COMPONENTS WITH GREATLY DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS

AISTI SCIENCE CO., LTD., ...

20. An analysis method comprising a step of simultaneously measuring a plurality of components that has greatly different concentrations and are contained in a sample, using the analytical sample obtained by the pre-analysis treatment method as defined in claim 1.

US Pat. No. 10,656,125

CONTAINER SCREENING SYSTEM AND METHOD

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. An apparatus for detecting if a sample is hazardous, comprising:a holder for supporting a container comprising a sample to be detected, wherein the container is disposed at a position directly above a sensor pad;
a radio frequency (RF) transmitter connected to a first portion of the sensor pad, the RF transmitter configured to send a RF signal to the position above the sensor pad to render a reflected RF signal waveform from the position above the sensor pad;
a radio receiver connected to a second portion of the sensor pad, the radio receiver configured to detect the reflected RF signal waveform rendered from the position above the sensor pad; and
a controller including a memory for storing a baseline reflected RF signal waveform, wherein the baseline reflected RF signal waveform is received when the RF signal is reflected off in air from the position above the sensor pad without the container or the sample;
a comparison device configured to compare the reflected RF signal waveform and the baseline reflected RF signal waveform to determine if the sample is present in the container which is disposed above the sensor pad and the container being supported by the holder, and the comparison device is further configured to compare the reflected RF signal waveform and the baseline RF signal waveform to determine if the sample is hazardous.

US Pat. No. 10,656,124

CONTAINER SCREENING SYSTEM AND METHOD

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method for detecting metal in a sample in a screening system used to analyze contents of liquid-filled containers, the method comprising:detecting a reflected signal waveform;
conducting a Fast Fourier Transformation (FFT) of the reflected signal waveform to generate a signal transform;
conducting a FFT of a baseline reflected signal to generate a baseline transform;
calculating ratios of the signal transform to the baseline transform at different frequencies; and
analyzing the reflected signal waveform to determine if the reflected signal waveform has a first peak saturation and a first minimum change that is greater than a preset voltage, and by applying a partial least squares algorithm to the ratios to determine if PLS0.75.

US Pat. No. 10,656,123

SENSORS, SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING ANALYTES USING SAME

Modoc Technologies, LLC, ...

1. A sensor comprising:a piezoelectric base;
a plurality of surface-associated compositions that are stably associated with the piezoelectric base; and
a plurality of crosslinking compositions that are configured to crosslink one or more surface-associated compositions when an analyte binds to an analyte binding domain of a crosslinking composition.

US Pat. No. 10,656,122

ASSEMBLY FOR DETECTING GAS CONTAINED IN A LIQUID

INFOMED SA, Acacias (CH)...

1. An assembly for detecting the presence of a gas in a liquid contained or circulating in a conduit, the assembly comprising:a support element that supports the conduit, and
a sensor comprising a transmitter and a receiver, the sensor transmitting and receiving an acoustic or light wave,
wherein:
the sensor is arranged on the support element of the conduit facing a same side of the conduit,
the support element comprises a waveguide that routes the wave transmitted by the transmitter of the sensor to the receiver of the sensor,
the support element is formed by a cassette, and
the liquid conduit is formed by a recess in a body of the cassette that is sealed by a flexible membrane.

US Pat. No. 10,656,121

METHOD FOR DETECTING ARRANGEMENT DISORDER OF FIBERS IN CONDUCTIVE COMPOSITE MATERIAL, AND DEVICE FOR DETECTING ARRANGEMENT DISORDER OF FIBERS IN CONDUCTIVE COMPOSITE MATERIAL

IHI Corporation, Koto-ku...

1. A method for detecting arrangement disorder of fibers in a conductive composite material using conductive fibers, the method comprising:a step of disposing a coil at a position at which the coil faces a surface of the conductive composite material such that a coil face is perpendicular to the surface;
a step of disposing a magnetic field measuring unit at a position at which the magnetic field measuring unit faces the surface of the conductive composite material such that a direction of a magnetosensitive axis is horizontal with the surface and is parallel to the coil face; and
a step of detecting a portion at which the arrangement disorder of the fibers in the conductive composite material is present by measuring a magnetic field with the magnetic field measuring unit.

US Pat. No. 10,656,120

MOVABLE DETECTOR AND METHODS FOR INSPECTING ELONGATED TUBE-LIKE OBJECTS IN EQUIPMENT

Rayong Engineering and Pl...

1. An apparatus mounted around an elongated tube-like object for inspecting said elongated tube-like object, the apparatus comprising:a body (1, 2) for moving along the elongated tube-like object while clamping an outer surface of the tube-like object; and
a sensor frame (15, 15b, 15c) supporting one or more sensors (20) for measuring a state indication property, wherein the sensor frame (15, 15b, 15c) comprises two or more engaging elements at different positions on the sensor frame, wherein the engaging elements are configured to engage the elongated tube-like object at different locations, wherein the engaging elements comprise one or more biasing elements (23c) for exerting a force onto a surface of the elongated tube-like object and position the sensor frame with respect to the elongated tube-like object; and
one or more body-to-sensor-frame connections (39, 40, 43, 72b, 72c) for connecting the sensor frame (15, 15b, 15c) to the body (1,2),
wherein the body-to-sensor-frame connections (39, 40, 43, 72b, 72c) are arranged to allow an adjustable relative position between the sensor frame and the body and arranged to allow maintaining a position of the one or more sensors (20) with respect to the tube-like object.

US Pat. No. 10,656,119

DISPERSOID PARTICLE ANALYZING METHOD AND ANALYZING APPARATUS

KAWANO Lab. Inc., Osaka ...

1. A dispersoid particle analyzing method comprising:obtaining a volume susceptibility of a first dispersoid particle;
obtaining a second dispersoid particle that is the first dispersoid particle to which an adsorbate is adsorbed;
obtaining a volume susceptibility of the second dispersoid particle; and
analyzing an amount of a functional group of the first dispersoid particle through obtaining an amount of the adsorbate included in the second dispersoid particle based on the volume susceptibilities of the first and second dispersoid particles, wherein
in obtaining the amount of the adsorbate in the analyzing an amount of a functional group,
a volume susceptibility difference indicating a difference between the volume susceptibility of the first dispersoid particle and the volume susceptibility of the second dispersoid particle, and
the amount of the adsorbate is obtained based on the volume susceptibility difference, a specific gravity of the adsorbate, and a molar magnetic susceptibility of the adsorbate.

US Pat. No. 10,656,118

CLOSURE FOR AN ELECTROCHEMICAL VESSEL, ELECTROCHEMICAL VESSEL AND LABORATORY DEVICE

1. Closure for an electrochemical reaction vessel, the closure comprising:a holder for holding electrodes arranged at an inner side of the closure such that, when the closure is attached to a reaction vessel, electrodes held by the holder extend into an interior space of the reaction vessel and into an electrolyte contained in the reaction vessel;
a fastener for fastening the closure to the reaction vessel; and
a plurality of contacts arranged at an outer side of the closure for providing electrical contacts with the electrodes, wherein the closure comprises separate first and second parts, the second part being radially outwardly from the first part, wherein the first part comprises the holder and the plurality of contacts, and the second part comprises the fastener, and, wherein the second part, when fastened to the reaction vessel, causes the position of the first part with respect to the reaction vessel to be centered.

US Pat. No. 10,656,116

MICROBIAL SENSOR SYSTEM FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF SUBSURFACE ENVIRONMENTS

7. A method of measuring microbial activity in an environment, the method comprising the steps of:providing a reference electrode in the environment;
providing one or more measurement electrodes in the environment; and
measuring an open circuit voltage between the reference electrode and the one or more measurement electrodes and a recovery voltage between the reference electrode and the one or more measurement electrodes to characterize the environment,
wherein the measurement electrode comprises a biofilm.

US Pat. No. 10,656,115

CONTROLLER AND ABNORMALITY DETECTING METHOD OF AIR-FUEL-RATIO SENSOR

FUJITSU TEN LIMITED, Kob...

1. A controller of an air-fuel-ratio sensor that includes a gas sensor element, the gas sensor element including a pump cell that pumps in and pumps out oxygen into and from a gas detecting chamber and a detection cell for detecting an oxygen concentration in the gas detecting chamber, the controller comprising a processor configured to:cause a current to be supplied to the pump cell through a first terminal connected with the pump cell so as to control the pump cell;
cause to be executed a sweeping process in which a predetermined voltage or a predetermined current is applied to the detection cell through a second terminal connected with the detection cell so as to change a voltage and a current of the detection cell; and
detect a short-circuited state between the first terminal and the second terminal based on a fluctuation in a voltage- or a current, generated by the sweeping process, of the first terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,656,114

GAS SENSOR DEVICE INCLUDING GAS SENSORS AND SWITCHES, GAS SENSOR MODULE, AND GAS DETECTION METHOD

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A gas sensor device comprising:gas sensors; and
switches connected to the respective gas sensors in series,
wherein the gas sensors each include:
a first conductive layer;
a second conductive layer;
a metal oxide layer disposed between the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer, the metal oxide layer including a bulk region and a local region surrounded by the bulk region, a degree of oxygen deficiency of the local region being higher than that of the bulk region; and
an insulation layer covering the first conductive layer, the second conductive layer, and the metal oxide layer the insulation layer having an opening from which a portion of the second conductive layer is exposed, and
wherein resistances of the gas sensors are each decreased when a gas containing a hydrogen atom comes into contact with the second conductive layer,
the switches are transistors,
the transistors are disposed on a common substrate, and
the gas sensors are disposed on the respective transistors.

US Pat. No. 10,656,112

REPLACEABLE MULTISTRIP CARTRIDGE AND BIOSENSER METER

Ascensia Diabetes Care Ho...

1. A replaceable sensor cartridge comprising:a frame configured to house a plurality of biosensors; and
a strip picker configured and arranged to slide along a top portion of the frame in a forward stroke to deploy a top biosensor from the plurality of biosensors and in a reverse stroke to return the strip picker to a home position, the strip picker providing a ratchet action along the top portion of the frame during the forward stroke such that the strip picker cannot return to the home position until a full forward stroke is completed.

US Pat. No. 10,656,111

DEVICE FOR ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENT OF TARGET CHEMICAL SUBSTANCE, AND METHOD THEREFOR

Universal Bio Research Co...

1. A device for electrical measurement of a target chemical substance, comprising:one or more electrode array elements each including a base, an electrode array section in which one or more electrodes are disposed on the base and to each of which a test substance is fixed, the test substance having a bonding property to a target chemical substance, and a terminal array section in which one or more terminals disposed on the base so as to correspond to the electrodes and electrically connected to the electrodes are arrayed;
a processing head including one or more electrode array element support sections supporting the electrode array elements detachably to make electrical connection to the terminals possible;
a container group including one or more liquid storing sections for of storing liquid, and one or more measurement containers for receiving the target chemical substance and for receiving the electrode array section of an electrode array element;
a support section moving mechanism for relatively moving the one or more electrode array element support sections with respect to the container group such that the test substance fixed to one or more electrodes of the electrodes array section encounters the target chemical substance; and
a measurement section capable of measuring a signal generated by applying a predetermined voltage to the test substance fixed to the one or more electrodes of the electrode array section when the electrode array section is received in the measurement containers,
wherein the container group includes one or more electrode array element storing sections for of storing the electrode array elements such that the electrode array elements are supported by the electrode array element support sections due to the support section moving mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,656,110

TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM, TEMPERATURE CONTROL DEVICE AND REFRIGERATION DEVICE

Shinwa Controls Co., Ltd....

1. A temperature control system that controls a temperature of a temperature controlled space or a temperature controlled object, the temperature control system comprising a first temperature control device and a second temperature control device,wherein:
the first temperature control device includes a low-temperature-side refrigeration device and a low-temperature-side brine circulation device;
the first low-temperature-side refrigeration device includes a first low-temperature-side refrigeration circuit in which a first low-temperature-side compressor, a first low-temperature-side condenser, a first low-temperature-side expansion valve and a first low-temperature-side evaporator are connected such that a first low-temperature-side refrigerant is circulated therethrough in this order;
the low-temperature-side brine circulation device includes a low-temperature-side brine circulation path for circulating a low-temperature-side brine, and a low-temperature-side heating unit that constitutes a part of the low-temperature-side brine circulation path and is capable of heating the low-temperature-side brine received therein;
a portion of the first low-temperature-side refrigeration circuit, which is positioned on the downstream side of the first low-temperature-side expansion valve and on the upstream side of the first low-temperature-side evaporator, and a portion of the low-temperature-side brine circulation path, which is positioned on the downstream side of the low-temperature-side heating unit, constitute a refrigeration capacity adjustment mechanism in which they can exchange heat with each other;
the first low-temperature-side evaporator is capable of causing the first low-temperature-side refrigerant flowing through the first low-temperature-side evaporator to absorb heat of the temperature controlled space or the temperature controlled object;
the second temperature control device includes a high-temperature-side refrigeration device and a high-temperature-side brine circulation device;
the high-temperature-side refrigeration device includes:
a high-temperature-side refrigeration circuit in which a high-temperature-side compressor, a high-temperature-side condenser, a high-temperature-side expansion valve and a high-temperature-side evaporator are connected such that a high-temperature-side refrigerant is circulated therethrough in this order;
an injection circuit which includes: an injection flow path that communicates a portion of the high-temperature-side refrigeration circuit, which is positioned on the downstream side of the high-temperature-side condenser and on the upstream side of the high-temperature-side expansion valve, and a portion of the high-temperature-side refrigeration circuit, which is positioned on the downstream side of the high-temperature-side evaporator and on the upstream side of the high-temperature-side compressor, such that the high-temperature-side refrigerant can flow therethrough; and an injection valve capable of adjusting a flow rate of the high-temperature-side refrigerant flowing through the injection flow path; and
a hot gas circuit which includes: a hot-gas flow path that communicates a portion of the high-temperature-side refrigeration circuit, which is positioned on the downstream side of the high-temperature-side compressor and on the upstream side of the high-temperature-side condenser, and a portion of the injection fluid path, which is positioned on the downstream side of the injection valve, such that the high-temperature-side refrigerant can flow therethrough; and a hot gas valve capable of adjusting a flow rate of the high-temperature-side refrigerant flowing through the hot-gas flow path;
the high-temperature-side brine circulation device includes: a high-temperature-side brine circulation path for circulating a high-temperature-side brine; a high-temperature-side heating unit that constitutes a part of the high-temperature-side brine circulation path and is capable of heating the high-temperature-side brine received therein; and a load unit that constitutes a part of the high-temperature-side brine circulation path on the downstream side of the high-temperature-side heating unit, and is capable of causing heat of the high-temperature-side brine received therein to be released to the temperature controlled space or the temperature controlled object, or is capable of causing the high-temperature-side brine to absorb heat of the temperature controlled space or the temperature controlled object; and
a part of the high-temperature-side brine circulation path and the high-temperature-side evaporator of the high-temperature-side refrigeration device constitute a heating capacity adjustment heat exchanger in which they can exchange heat with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,656,109

CUP CRYOSTAT THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY ANALYZER

United States of America ...

1. A test apparatus for evaluating thermal properties of a test specimen, the test apparatus comprising:a base comprised of a base cup closed along a bottom edge by a base lower plate, including a bottom top plate extending radially and outwardly from the base cup to present a bottom plurality of holes;
a top plate having a central passage and a top plurality of holes that correspond respectively to the bottom plurality of holes of the bottom top plate;
a heater assembly supported on a lower heater plate, the heater assembly positioned atop the base lower plate;
a cold plate positioned above the heater assembly defining a test specimen cavity between the heater assembly and the cold plate;
a first tube having an open top extending from the central passage to the cold plate, forming a cold cup atop the cold plate to receive a quantity of liquid;
a compression assembly comprising a plurality of longitudinally-adjustable, threaded rods, each threaded rod attachable respectively between the top plurality of holes and the bottom plurality of holes, wherein a height of the test specimen cavity is defined by inserting the plurality of threaded rods through the plurality of holes and attaching a plurality of top nuts and a plurality of bottom nuts to the plurality of threaded rods;
a specimen holder placed adjacent to the heater assembly that annularly corresponds to the first tube;
a cup wrap that laterally surrounds and insulates the first tube; and
one or more annular centering rings placed in the base to correspond to and compressibly receive an underside of the cup wrap.

US Pat. No. 10,656,108

MEASURING SOURCE ROCK POTENTIAL USING A QUANTUM ELECTRONIC SCANNER

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A method for determining source rock potential in a subterranean region of a hydrocarbon reservoir, comprising:receiving, an electron spin resonance (ESR) image from an in-situ ESR scanner that is attached to a wellbore at a first subterranean location, wherein the wellbore extends into the subterranean region of the hydrocarbon reservoir;
determining, a spin concentration level of a source rock in the first subterranean location based on the ESR image, wherein the spin concentration level indicates a concentration level of free radicals in kerogen; and
determining, the source rock potential at the first subterranean location based on the determined spin concentration level and a comparison of concentration levels between carbon-13 and carbon-12.

US Pat. No. 10,656,107

MAGNETIC COUPLING HIGH RESOLUTION NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESOLUTION PROBE AND METHOD OF USE

JOEL, Ltd., Tokyo (JP)

1. A method to switch between detecting (i) a high performance Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectrum of a sample, and (ii) a decoupled NMR spectrum of a sample, comprising:(a) introducing a sample into a Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) probe comprising:
(1) a parent coil circuit including a parent coil and a first capacitor;
(2) a closed idler coil circuit including an idler coil and a second capacitor;
(b) introducing the NMR probe into a magnetic field;
(c) exciting a first resonance mode of a first nuclei of two or more nuclei of the sample with a Radio Frequency (RF) pulse;
(d) detecting a high performance first NMR spectrum, where a coupling constant is zero;
(e) moving the idler coil to inductively couple the idler coil with the parent coil to adjust the coupling constant to a non zero value to decouple a second resonance mode of a second nuclei of the two or more nuclei of the sample from the first resonance mode; and
(f) detecting a second NMR spectrum including the decoupled first resonance mode.

US Pat. No. 10,656,106

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR IN SITU HIGH TEMPERATURE X-RAY SPECTROSCOPY IN ELECTRON MICROSCOPES

EDAX, Incorporated, Mahw...

1. A system for collecting information from a sample, the system including:a sample stage having a heating element therein, the heating element configured to heat at least a portion of the sample stage to at least 100 Celsius (° C.); and
one or more signal detectors, the one or more signal detectors having a silicon nitride window positioned between the sample stage and a detection material, the silicon nitride window having a reflective coating positioned thereon.

US Pat. No. 10,656,105

TALBOT-LAU X-RAY SOURCE AND INTERFEROMETRIC SYSTEM

Sigray, Inc., Concord, C...

1. An x-ray source comprising:a target comprising:
a substrate comprising a thermally conductive first material and a first surface; and
a plurality of structures on or embedded in at least a portion of the first surface, the structures separate from one another and in thermal communication with the substrate, the structures comprising at least one second material different from the first material, the at least one second material configured to generate x-rays upon irradiation by electrons having energies in an energy range of 0.5 keV to 160 keV; and
an electron source configured to generate the electrons and to direct the electrons to impinge the target and irradiate at least some of the structures along a direction that is at a non-zero angle relative to a surface normal of the portion of the first surface, the angle and a kinetic energy of the electrons configured such that at least some of the electrons have an electron penetration depth within the target sufficient to penetrate the first surface and irradiate at least two of the structures.

US Pat. No. 10,656,104

METHOD, SYSTEM AND APPARATUS FOR NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING (NDT) OF ELECTRICAL POWER LINE SYSTEMS

Quanta Associates, L.P., ...

1. A system for non-destructive testing of an energized electrical component which is supported in an overhead position in an electrical power line system, the system comprising:an elongate base having a first end and a second end and a length therebetween;
an X-ray source adapted to be mounted on the base at about its first end;
an X-ray digital imager adapted to be mounted on the base at about its second end, wherein the X-ray source and the X-ray digital imager, when so located, are in an operative opposed facing spatial relationship;
an imager controller adapted to be mounted to the base; and
a removable electrically conductive flexible shield adapted to be operatively coupled to, and to encapsulate, at least the base, the X-ray source, the X-ray digital imager and the imager controller, the shield being further adapted to be releasably coupled to a live-line tool, and wherein,
when the shield is coupled to and encapsulates at least each of the base, the X-ray source, the X-ray digital imager and the imager controller to form a shrouded system, and the shrouded system is releasably coupled to the live-line tool, the shrouded system is positionable adjacent the energized electrical component so as to non-destructively test the energized electrical component while shielding at least the base, the X-ray source, the X-ray digital imager and the imager controller from electric fields around the energized electrical component and allowing at least one signal communication between the shrouded system and an external component.

US Pat. No. 10,656,103

X-RAY PHASE IMAGING APPARATUS

Shimadzu Corporation, Ni...

1. An X-ray phase imaging apparatus comprising:an X-ray source;
a plurality of gratings including at least a first grating to which an X-ray from the X-ray source is irradiated and a second grating to which the X-ray that passed through the first grating is irradiated;
a detection unit configured to detect the X-ray that passed through the second grating;
an image generation unit configured to generate an image based on a phase-contrast between a first intensity-modulated signal representing an intensity change of the X-ray detected by the detection unit when an object is placed between the X-ray source and the first grating or between the first grating and the second grating and a second intensity-modulated signal when the object is not disposed therebetween; and
a control unit configured to acquire a displacement amount of a relative position of at least two gratings of the plurality of gratings based on the first and second intensity-modulated signals, to determine whether the displacement amount exceeds a preset threshold value, and to adjust the relative position of the at least two gratings in response to determining that the displacement amount exceeds the preset threshold value,
wherein the detection unit comprises a plurality of pixels, and
wherein preset threshold value is set to a value corresponding to a phase-contrast smaller than ? with respect to at least one of:
a single pixel of the detection unit,
a sub-region of the plurality of pixels of the detection unit, and
the entire region of the plurality of pixels.

US Pat. No. 10,656,102

EVALUATING SYSTEM PERFORMANCE WITH SPARSE PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS AND A TEST STATISTIC

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A method for evaluating system performance, the method comprising:collecting test measurements of a calibration standard with a sensor of a system such that the test measurements correspond to same data as baseline measurements;
transforming, automatically with one or more processors, the test measurements into a test data set, wherein the test data set comprises a matrix having multiple instances arranged as columns of the matrix and test system variables arranged as rows of the matrix, and wherein each of the instances of the test system variables corresponds to a single test measurement instance and the test system variables correspond to same type of variable used as one of baseline system variables in the baseline measurements;
comparing, automatically with the one or more processors, a test average of the instances of a variable of the test system variables to a baseline average of corresponding instances of a corresponding baseline variable in the baseline measurements;
determining a shift amount as a difference between the test average of the instances of a variable of the test system variables and the baseline average of corresponding instances of a corresponding baseline variable in the baseline measurements;
setting the shift amount to the instances of the variable of the test system variables when the test average differs from the baseline average by less than a predetermined threshold difference, otherwise setting the shift amount to zero (0) to preserve a selected instance of the variable of the test system variables;
shifting data for each corresponding instance of the variable of the test system variables by the shift amount to generate a modified test data set from the test data set for a Hotelling T2 test;
transforming, automatically with the one or more processors, the modified test data set with a sparse principal component analysis into test components;
comparing, automatically with the one or more processors, the test components to baseline components using the Hotelling T2 test to generate a Hotelling T2 statistic; and
quantifying performance of the system based upon the Hotelling T2 statistic.

US Pat. No. 10,656,101

CONFIGURING A PORTABLE X-RAY DETECTOR FOR USE WITH AN IMAGE ACQUISITION WORKSTATION BASED ON COLOR DETECTION

VAREX IMAGING CORPORATION...

1. An X-ray imaging device, comprising:a color sensor configured to generate a color signal indicating a particular color sensed;
an imaging matrix of pixel detector elements that are each configured to detect photon energy and generate an image signal; and
a controller that is coupled to the color sensor, the imaging matrix, and a wireless transceiver and is configured to:
receive a color signal from the color sensor;
determine an identifier of a computing device external to the X-ray imaging device based on the color signal; and
change at least one operational setting of the X-ray imaging device based on the identifier.

US Pat. No. 10,656,100

SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSORS IN SEMICONDUCTOR PROCESSING EQUIPMENT

Applied Materials, Inc., ...

1. A wireless or radio-frequency responsive sensing device, comprising:a first packaging layer having a first face and a second face;
a second packaging layer having a third face and a fourth face, wherein the third face is opposite the fourth face and the second face contacts the third face;
a first antenna disposed between the second face of the first packaging layer and the third face of the second packaging layer, wherein the first antenna has a thickness of less than about 100 microns;
a sensor disposed between the first packaging layer and the second packaging layer; and
a first waveguide embedded within the first packaging layer or the second packaging layer.

US Pat. No. 10,656,099

MONITORING METHOD AND MONITORING APPARATUS OF THIMBLE BASES

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. A monitoring method of thimble bases, comprising the following steps:arranging a reflective surface on a thimble head of the thimble base;
arranging at least a light source and a receiver for the thimble bases; and
establishing a reflection path between the thimble bases to project the light source onto the reflective surface of the thimble head of one of the thimble bases in the reflection path, so that light is reflected between each of the reflective surfaces and is finally reflected to the receiver to determine whether the thimble bases are deformed.

US Pat. No. 10,656,098

WAFER DEFECT INSPECTION AND REVIEW SYSTEMS

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. An imaging objective, comprising:a front objective configured to produce an intermediate image of a portion of a semiconductor wafer disposed on a sample holder, wherein the intermediate image is formed from illumination from a laser-induced plasma source reflected from the portion of the semiconductor wafer disposed on the sample holder, wherein the front objective comprises:
a lens with a plano side serving as a reflecting surface;
a meniscus lens;
a concave mirror; and
a series of refractive fused silica and calcium fluoride lenses; and
a relay configured to receive the intermediate image produced by the front objective, the relay comprising three spherical mirrors positioned to deliver a projection of the intermediate image to a fixed image plane.

US Pat. No. 10,656,097

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR GENERATING OPERATION PROGRAM OF INSPECTION SYSTEM

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. An apparatus configured to generate an operation program for workpiece-surface inspection of an inspection system,the inspection system including
an imaging device configured to image a workpiece, and
a movement mechanism configured to position the workpiece and the imaging device relative to each other by moving the workpiece or the imaging device,
the apparatus comprising at least one processor configured to:
acquire drawing data of the workpiece,
receive designation of a surface to be inspected in the drawing data,
evenly divide the surface to be inspected into a plurality of non-overlapping sections,
acquire, as a target position, a position of the movement mechanism for each of the plurality of non-overlapping sections when the workpiece and the imaging device are positioned such that said each of the plurality of non-overlapping sections to be inspected is within a field of view of the imaging device, and
generate an operation program configured to, during actual inspection of the workpiece, control a movement of the movement mechanism and an imaging of the imaging device, based on the acquired target position,
wherein the generated operation program includes an instruction causing, during the actual inspection of the workpiece, the movement mechanism to be arranged at the acquired target position at which the imaging device is caused to image the workpiece for the actual inspection.

US Pat. No. 10,656,096

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR INSPECTING A SURFACE AREA FOR MATERIAL DEFECTS

EADS Deutschland GmbH, O...

1. A method for inspecting a surface with a known position for material defects using a camera configuration arranged on an unmanned aircraft which is navigated autonomously, comprising:automatically flying the unmanned aircraft from a starting location to the surface, wherein during the automatic flying obstacles are avoided using automatic detection of obstacles and avoidance measures;
continuously measuring a distance between the unmanned aircraft and the surface using at least a distance sensor;
recording a sequence of images of the surface, wherein the aircraft is moved along a flight path in relation to the surface in such a way that the images of the sequence have at least partially overlapping image details of the surface in overlap regions;
compiling the recorded sequence of images to form an overall image of the surface; and
inspecting the surface for defects and a localization of defects using the overall image,
wherein the distance between the unmanned aircraft and the surface is regulated continuously so that the unmanned aircraft maintains a predefined distance and a predefined orientation in relation to the surface, and the flight path runs essentially parallel to the surface such that the images of the sequence are recorded approximately from the same perspective,
wherein the camera configuration has a plurality of individual cameras which are used to navigate the unmanned aircraft and for said recording of the sequence of images of the surface, and
wherein the camera configuration is adjustable electrically.

US Pat. No. 10,656,095

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR WAVELENGTH SPECTRUM ANALYSIS FOR DETECTION OF VARIOUS GASES USING A TREATED TAPE

Honeywell International I...

1. An apparatus comprising:a tunable color source configured to emit toward a stain on a treated tape a first radiation at each of a plurality of target wavelengths in a spectrum by sequentially scanning along the target wavelengths, wherein the stain is caused by exposure of the treated tape to a gas;
a color sensor configured to:
receive the first radiation from the tunable color source, and
make a first measurement of the first radiation;
a photodiode configured to:
receive second radiation that is due to reflection of the first radiation from the stain, and
make a second measurement of the second radiation when the tunable color source adjusts its wavelength; and
a processor configured to:
make a comparison of a measured wavelength associated with the first measurement to the target wavelength,
instruct the tunable color source to adjust the wavelength when the comparison indicates that the measured wavelength is not one of the target wavelengths,
determine a peak wavelength and a darkness associated with the second measurement,
determine a type and a family of the gas based on the peak wavelength, and
determine a concentration of the gas based on the darkness.

US Pat. No. 10,656,094

SURFACE-ENHANCED RAMAN SCATTERING UNIT

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. A surface enhanced Raman scattering unit, comprising:a support that includes a cavity provided with an opening;
an optical functional portion that is disposed in the cavity to face the opening and causes surface enhanced Raman scattering; and
a package that accommodates the support and is evacuated,
wherein the package is in contact with at least an edge of the opening, and is bent toward the optical functional portion in a state in which the package is spaced apart from the optical functional portion in the opening,
the package is flexible, and
the package is configured such that a portion along a surface of the support and a portion bent at the opening are joined.

US Pat. No. 10,656,093

STRUCTURES FOR SURFACE ENHANCED RAMAN

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A structure for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy, comprising a cluster of metal nanoparticles in a tapered hole, the cluster including a nanoparticle in a narrower part of the hole and multiple nanoparticles in a broader part of the hole, and where the nanoparticles are clustered in layers with a layer at a narrow part of the hole including a single nanoparticle.

US Pat. No. 10,656,092

BIOLOGICAL MATERIAL QUANTIFYING METHOD, IMAGE PROCESSING DEVICE, PATHOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS SUPPORT SYSTEM AND RECORDING MEDIUM

Konica Minolta, Inc., Ch...

1. A biological material quantifying method of quantifying a specific biological material in a specimen that has been stained using fluorescent dye accumulating particles capable of binding to the specific biological material, the biological material quantifying method comprising:an input step of inputting a first fluorescence image obtained by capturing an image of the specimen;
a luminance calculation step of extracting a certain region from the first fluorescence image and calculating a first luminance integrated value by integrating luminance values of the certain region; and
a particle count calculation step of calculating the number of the fluorescent dye accumulating particles included in the certain region from the first luminance integrated value and an average luminance value per said fluorescent dye accumulating particle,
wherein the average luminance value is calculated from a distribution of second luminance integrated values obtained by integrating luminance values for individual bright spot regions, which indicate emission of light by the fluorescent dye accumulating particles, in a second fluorescence image obtained by capturing an image of a preparation onto which the fluorescent dye accumulating particles are dispersed without agglomerating.

US Pat. No. 10,656,091

OPTICAL SENSOR FOR DETECTING A CHEMICAL SPECIES

1. An optical sensing layer (1) for detecting a chemical species, said layer comprising:a substrate (3);
a mesoporous matrix (5) disposed on the substrate;
a microporous matrix (7) disposed within the mesoporous matrix, the microporous matrix (7) comprising an indicator dye (9) dispersed therein, said indicator dye (9) exhibiting changes in optical properties in response to the presence of said chemical species, wherein,
the mesoporous matrix (5) is a layer having a thickness of 1-50 ?m, the mesoporous matrix (5) comprising pore of diameters in the range of between 10 nm and 50 nm,
the microporous matrix (7) is a layer having a thickness of less than 100 nm, the microporous matrix (7) comprising pore of diameters of less than 2 nm, and
the pores of the mesoporous matrix are coated with the microporous matrix disposed within the mesoporous matrix.

US Pat. No. 10,656,090

FLUORESCENCE INTENSITY CORRECTING METHOD, FLUORESCENCE INTENSITY CALCULATING METHOD, AND FLUORESCENCE INTENSITY CALCULATING APPARATUS

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A fluorescence intensity correcting method, comprising:receiving fluorescences generated from plural fluorescent dyes excited by radiating a light to a microparticle multiply-labeled with said plural fluorescent dyes having fluorescence wavelength bands overlapping one another by photodetectors which correspond to different received light wavelength bands, respectively, and whose number is larger than the number of fluorescent dyes; and
approximating measured spectra obtained by collecting detected values from said plural photodetectors based on a linear sum of single-dyeing spectra obtained from a microparticle individually labeled with the fluorescent dyes.

US Pat. No. 10,656,089

SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND METHODS FOR TIME-RESOLVED FLUORESCENT SPECTROSCOPY

Black Light Surgical, Inc...

1. A probe system for classifying or characterizing a biological sample, the system comprising:a distal part;
a proximal part coupled to the distal part;
a proximal transmission element disposed in the proximal part and configured to convey pulsed optical excitation signals;
a distal transmission element disposed in the distal part and being coupled to the proximal transmission element, the distal transmission element being configured to receive the pulsed optical excitation signals from the proximal transmission element and convey the pulsed optical excitation signals to the biological sample, wherein the biological sample generates responsive optical signals in response to the pulsed optical excitation signals and the responsive optical signals are received by the distal transmission element;
a signal collection element disposed in the proximal part and being coupled to the distal transmission element, the signal collection element being configured to receive the responsive optical signals from the distal transmission element;
an optical assembly comprising a filter wheel comprising a plurality of spectral filters, the filter wheel configured to receive the responsive optical signals from the signal collection element and temporally split the responsive optical signals into a plurality of temporally distinct spectral bands corresponding to the plurality of spectral filters; and
a processor coupled to the optical assembly and configured to characterize the biological sample using time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy in response to the plurality of temporally distinct spectral bands in near real-time or real-time,
wherein one or more of the signal collection element or the optical assembly is characterized by at least one numerical aperture and a total cross-sectional area for light passage, and wherein a square of the at least one numerical aperture multiplied by the total cross-sectional area is 0.018 mm2 at locations of the one or more of the signal collection element or the optical assembly conveying light.

US Pat. No. 10,656,088

ULTRAVIOLET BIOSENSOR

Silanna UV Technologies P...

1. A semiconductor biosensor comprising:a plurality of wells, each well configured to hold a test sample and to allow the test sample to be irradiated with ultraviolet radiation;
a plurality of detectors configured to capture a spectral response of the test sample irradiated with the ultraviolet radiation, wherein each well in the plurality of wells is located directly on a detector in the plurality of detectors, wherein each detector comprises a planar optical antenna on a photodiode, with the well directly on the planar optical antenna, and wherein the planar optical antenna is tuned to a particular wavelength; and
a processing circuitry coupled to the plurality of detectors, the processing circuitry being configured to calculate an average spectral response for the plurality of detectors.

US Pat. No. 10,656,087

DETECTION OF FLUID ABSORPTION SPECTRUM

IMEC VZW, Leuven (BE)

1. A device for measuring an optical absorption property of a fluid as a function of wavelength, the device comprising:a broadband light source for emitting light;
a plurality of integrated optical waveguides for guiding the light, wherein each integrated optical waveguide comprises an optical resonator for filtering the light guided by the integrated optical waveguide according to a predetermined spectral component, and wherein the predetermined spectral component corresponding to each waveguide of the plurality of integrated optical waveguides is substantially different from the predetermined spectral component corresponding to another waveguide of the plurality of integrated optical waveguides, wherein the optical resonator filters the light in a spectral analysis zone;
a light coupler for coupling the light emitted by the broadband light source into the plurality of integrated optical waveguides such that the light coupled into each of the integrated optical waveguides has substantially the same spectral distribution; and
a microfluidic channel for containing the fluid, wherein the microfluidic channel is arranged as to allow an interaction of the light propagating through each of the integrated optical waveguides with the fluid when contained in the microfluidic channel, wherein the interaction of the light with the fluid occurs in an exposure zone that is physically distinct from the spectral analysis zone; and
wherein after having interacted with the fluid in the exposure zone, the light enters the spectral analysis zone, the light thereby having a spectral composition carrying information about an absorption spectrum of the fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,656,086

MEASUREMENT APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A measurement apparatus that measures an optical characteristic of a sample, the measurement apparatus comprising:an irradiation unit configured to irradiate the sample with light emitted from a light source and transmitted through an opening member;
an imaging unit configured to detect an image formed by the light irradiated by the irradiation unit and reflected by the sample; and
a processing unit configured to obtain a bidirectional reflectance distribution function of the sample on the basis of an output of the imaging unit,
wherein the opening member includes a plurality of openings having shapes different from each other,
an overall shape of the plurality of openings is asymmetric,
the opening member and the imaging unit is optically conjugate with each other,
the irradiation unit irradiates the sample with the light transmitted through the plurality of openings, and
the imaging unit detects an image formed by the light transmitted through the plurality of openings and reflected by the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,656,084

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MEASURING CLOUD PARAMETERS

Rosemount Aerospace Inc.,...

1. A system for measuring cloud parameters, the system comprising:a pulsed-beam projector configured to project a pulsed-beam of polarized light into a projection volume of a cloud atmosphere;
a receiver configured to receive a reflected portion of the projected pulsed beam backscattered from within the projection volume of the cloud atmosphere and to filter the received reflected portion into orthogonal polarized components;
a beam splitter aligned with the orthogonal polarized components so as split each of the orthogonal polarized components into first and second parts;
a first detector having a first gain, the first detector aligned with the first parts of the orthogonal polarized components and configured to generate first signals indicative of the first parts of the received reflected portion, respectively;
a second detector having a second gain, the second detector aligned with the second parts of the orthogonal polarized components and configured to generate second signals indicative of the second parts of the orthogonal polarized components, respectively; and
a processor configured to determine large water droplet size based on a magnitude of scintillation spikes of the first signals, and to determine water content based on the second signals,
wherein a ratio of the first and second gains of the first and second detectors, respectively, is greater than 3.

US Pat. No. 10,656,083

CHIRPED LASER DISPERSION SPECTROSCOPY SENSITIVITY BOOSTER

THE TRUSTEES OF PRINCETON...

1. A sensitivity boosted laser dispersion spectroscopy system for sensing a sample, the system comprising:a local oscillator arm and a sample arm containing the sample;
a laser source configured to generate a first light beam directed along the sample arm and a second light beam, the second light beam being frequency shifted and directed along the local oscillator arm;
an intensity modulator/phase modulator/frequency shifter disposed in the sample arm configured to generate a multi-frequency beam having known frequency spacing which is then passed through the sample to generate a sample arm output;
a beam combiner configured to combine the sample arm output and the second light beam from the local oscillator arm and generate a combined beam; and
a photodetector configured to detect the combined beam for sensing the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,656,082

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ADJUSTING TRANSMITTANCE FOR SUPERSENSITIVE OPTICAL SENSOR

Korea Institute of Scienc...

1. A system for adjusting transmittance, comprising:a sensing device configured to amplify electromagnetic waves of a specific frequency; and
a squeegee for concentrating a target material inside a slot formed in the sensing device,
wherein a transmittance of the sensing device is adjusted according to concentration of the target material concentrated inside the slot by the squeegee.

US Pat. No. 10,656,080

GAS DETECTION APPARATUS

Asahi Kasei Microdevices ...

1. A gas detection apparatus comprising:a first layer; and
a second layer disposed opposite the first layer in a predetermined direction;
wherein the first layer comprises
a light emitter configured to emit light; and
a light receiver configured to receive the light after the light passes through a waveguide;
wherein the second layer comprises
a light input unit of the waveguide opposite the light emitter in the predetermined direction; and
a light output unit of the waveguide opposite the light receiver in the predetermined direction,
wherein the first layer is connected to the second layer by an attachment portion so as to form a vent communicating with the waveguide,
wherein the attachment portion comprises adhesive, and the adhesive comprises particles having a size of a predetermined value or greater.