US Pat. No. 10,459,004

ELECTRICAL CONTACT AUTO-ALIGNMENT STRATEGY FOR HIGHLY PARALLEL PEN ARRAYS IN CANTILEVER FREE SCANNING PROBE LITHOGRAPHY

Tera-Print, LLC

1. A lithography instrument comprising:a probe array;
a controller that controls positioning of the probe array or a substrate relative to each other, wherein a plurality of components are to be manufactured on the substrate by lithography; and
means to align the probe array or the substrate parallel to each other on an automated basis for subsequent manufacturing lithography based on measured electrical current,
wherein alignment of the probe array or the substrate to be parallel to each other is performed in multiple orthogonal planes to level the probe array or substrate relative to one another,
wherein a layer of conductive material is deposited at at least two regions of the probe array and at least one region of the substrate, or vice versa, to form conductive regions,
wherein application of voltage to the conductive regions on the probe array, substrate or both configures multiple independent electrical circuits between the probe array and the substrate, and
wherein measurement of electrical current in each of the independent electrical circuits is indicative of relative positioning of the probe array and the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,459,003

SIGNAL DETECTION METHOD FOR CAPACITANCE DETECTION TYPE SENSOR, MEMS SENSOR, AND SYSTEM

HITACHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEM...

1. A signal detection method for detecting a change of an electric capacitance of a capacitance detection type sensor, comprising:receiving, at the sensor, a signal within a signal frequency bandwidth, the signal having electric charge information indicating the change in electric capacitance,
generating a carrier wave, used to transfer the signal to a circuit, at a first modulation frequency and a second modulation frequency lower than the first modulation frequency, each of the first modulation frequency and a second modulation frequency being greater than the signal frequency bandwidth;
transferring, to the circuit, the signal having the electric charge information indicating the change in the electric capacitance and modulated by the carrier wave;
sampling, at the circuit, the signal at the first modulation frequency;
converting, at the circuit, the signal having the electric charge information indicating the change in the electric capacitance into a second signal having electric charge information indicating a change in a voltage such that a frequency spectrum component of the signal at the first modulation frequency is changed to direct current (DC) while a frequency spectrum component of the signal at the first modulation frequency remains unchanged;
demodulating the second signal, having the electric charge information indicating the change in the voltage, with the second modulation frequency; and
applying a frequency filter to the demodulated signal to obtain a target frequency signal.

US Pat. No. 10,459,002

MOTION ANALYSIS METHOD AND MOTION ANALYSIS DEVICE

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

12. A motion analysis device comprising:at least one circuit or processor configured to:
while a sporting equipment is being used by a user:
receive sensor data from an inertial sensor attached to a shaft of a-the sporting equipment used for swinging, the inertial sensor being attached to the shaft in a grip portion of the shaft;
detect, based on the received sensor data, moving speeds of the grip portion and moving speeds of a head of the sporting equipment during a swing action;
extract, from among the moving speeds, a maximum value of the moving speeds of the grip portion, and a moving speed of the grip portion at impact;
calculate a rate of change of the maximum value of the moving speeds of the grip portion and the moving speed of the grip portion at impact;
identify a deceleration value of the grip portion based on the calculated rate of change; and
cause a display to display data regarding the identified deceleration value of the grip portion.

US Pat. No. 10,459,001

METHOD FOR DETERMINING AT LEAST ONE SPEED IN A RAIL VEHICLE

Siemens Mobility GmbH, M...

1. A method for determining a speed of a rail vehicle equipped with at least one first chassis supporting a carriage of the rail vehicle and for applying a brake of the rail vehicle, the method comprising:providing, with a sensor associated with the first chassis, at least one chassis speed measurement variable related to the first chassis;
recording inertial measurement variables by an inertial measuring unit;
forming a reference speed characteristic variable based on the chassis speed measurement variable;
determining an inertial speed characteristic variable by carrying out an inertial calculation with at least one computing unit, at least based on the inertial measurement variables and, during at least one period according to a first operating mode, based on the reference speed characteristic variable in order to estimate a deviation in the inertial calculation;
determining the inertial speed characteristic variable, by way of the inertial calculation, at least based on the inertial measurement variables and, during at least one period according to a second operating mode, without taking into account the reference speed characteristic variable;
with a detection unit, detecting an abnormal process of providing the chassis speed measurement variable based on a reference characteristic variable and the chassis speed measurement variable;
upon detecting the abnormal process of providing the chassis speed measurement variable, carrying out the inertial calculation according to the second operating mode;
assigning a plurality of computing units to the first chassis, each computing unit being able to respectively carry out the inertial calculation according to the operating modes and providing a result of the inertial calculation at an output;
assigning a switching apparatus to the computing units, wherein said switching apparatus is selectively connected to one of the outputs in order to provide the inertial speed characteristic variable;
connecting a respective switching unit, which has a first switching state and a second switching state, upstream of each computing unit, wherein in the first switching state, the switching unit provides the reference speed characteristic variable for the respective computing unit for carrying out the first operating mode and wherein in the second switching state, the switching unit decouples the respective computing unit from the reference speed characteristic variable in order to carry out the second operating mode;
if an abnormal recording process is not present, matching respective switching cycles of the switching units and a switching cycle of the switching apparatus to one another so that the switching apparatus, during each switching process, establishes a connection to the at least one computing unit which carries out the inertial calculation according to the second operating mode;
if an abnormal recording process is present, all switching units are switched in the second switching state; and
applying the brake at least dependent on a magnitude of the inertial speed characteristic variable.

US Pat. No. 10,459,000

ENCODER WHEEL FOR WHEEL-HUB UNIT

1. A speed measuring device for a wheel-hub unit provided with a rolling bearing, the measuring device comprising:an encoder wheel made of magnetized material and assembled on a rotating ring of the bearing;
mechanical supporting means that are directly placed between the encoder wheel and the rotating ring so that the encoder wheel and the ring are angularly constrained to each other; and
mechanical locking means for axially locking the encoder wheel inside a seat that is defined by the mechanical locking means together with the mechanical supporting means, wherein
the mechanical supporting means comprises two lateral flanges, and comprising
a first lateral flange having a radial dimension that is smaller than a second lateral flange, the second lateral flange is a pushing lateral flange for keying a measuring device onto the rotating ring.

US Pat. No. 10,458,999

CELL SUCTION SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR PERFORMING SUCTION WORK OF INTRACELLULAR SUBSTANCE USING THE SAME

Yokogawa Electric Corpora...

1. A cell suction system that supports suction work of a substance within a cell, the cell suction system comprising:a container configured to receive the cell;
a tubular tip configured to suction the substance from the inside of the cell received in the container;
an illumination lamp in which two or more light emitting elements are arrayed to surround the tubular tip;
a microscope having an objective lens and an imaging lens, the objective lens being arranged below the container and at a height that is as close to the container; and
a detection section configured to detect a position of a front end part of the tubular tip, the detection section comprising:
an optical component assembly comprising:
a pinhole array disk comprising a plurality of pinholes and configured to rotate:
a dichroic mirror configured to reflect at least a portion of light having passed through the objective lens and the pinhole array disk and entering into the dichroic mirror; and
a camera configured to detect the light reflected by the dichroic mirror,
the optical component assembly being configured to acquire an optical output signal of the front end part of the tubular tip from a light path connecting the objective lens and the imaging lens;
at least one memory storing instructions; and
at least one processor coupled to the optical component assembly and programmed to execute the instructions to detect the position of the front end part of the tubular tip based on an optical output signal of the front end part of the tubular tip acquired from a light path connecting the objective lens and the imaging lens,
wherein a direction of an optical axis of the objective lens and a longitudinal direction including the front end part of the tubular tip are parallel, and
wherein the processor is programmed to execute the instructions to detect a position in a height direction where the front end part of the tubular tip is located at a focal point of the objective lens based on variation of the output signal when the front end part of the tubular tip is moved in the longitudinal direction, and
wherein the processor determines that the front end part of the tubular tip is located at the focal point of the objective lens when a contrast of the front end part of the tubular tip is high in the optical output signal of the front end part of the tubular tip.

US Pat. No. 10,458,998

DEVICE FOR PROCESSING SAMPLES

QIAGEN GMBH, Hilden (DE)...

1. A device configured to process samples, comprising:a module configured to receive and/or output at least one of a sample vessel and a process vessel,
a transport module configured to transport the process vessel,
a sample conditioning module configured to perform sample conditioning, and
comprising a lysis module and an extraction module,
wherein the extraction module comprises at least one plastic sleeve comprising a hollow region inside the sleeve and at least one magnet removably disposed inside the hollow region,
wherein, when the at least one magnet disposed inside the hollow region is positioned inside the process vessel, the at least one magnet attracts at least one analyte bound to a magnetic particle onto the outside surface of the sleeve,
a preparation module configured to prepare a sequential process for the at least one analyte,
a plurality of control modules configured to recognize the type of a sample vessel, by acquisition of the dimensions by means of at least one of a bar code scanner and a laser scanner,
wherein the modules are dispersed throughout a plurality of units connected by a first data bus, wherein a first unit comprises the sample conditioning module, a second unit comprises the preparation module, each of the first and second units comprises a control module, and one of the units comprises a plurality of modules connected by a second data bus,
wherein each unit is placed in a separate housing, such that the sample conditioning module is structurally separate from the preparation module, and wherein the housings are removably connected such that each housing can be removed without removing another housing, and
wherein each of the modules comprises a microcontroller or microprocessor configured to control progress inside the module and communication with another module.

US Pat. No. 10,458,997

SIGNAL OFFSET DETERMINATION AND CORRECTION

Roche Diagnostics Operati...

1. A method for determining a background shift comprised in optical measurement signals of an analyzer for samples, the method comprising:obtaining a plurality of sets of optical measurements of a sample taken by the analyzer at different points in time, wherein each set includes at least one measurement taken in a first channel (l1) and another measurement taken in a second channel (l2) different from the first channel;
dividing the plurality of sets of optical measurements into one group of sets (group A) and another group of sets (group B), wherein the measurements in the one group of sets (group A) are taken during a different period of time than the measurements in the other group of sets (group B) and wherein the measurements in the one group of sets (group A) show a larger signal change when compared to the measurements in the other group (group B);
determining a first background signal (bA) based on a relation of measurements in the first and second channels (l1, l2) in the one group (A) by determining a linear correlation between the measurements in the first and second channels (l1, l2) of the one group (A) and calculating an intercept (bA) and a slope (m) between the measurements in the first and second channels (l1, l2) of the one group (group A), wherein the first background signal corresponds to the intercept (bA);
determining a second background signal (bB) based on a relation of measurements in the first and second channels in the other group (B) by multiplying the measurements in the other group (B) taken in the first channel (l1) by the slope (m) and subtracting measurements in the other group (B) taken in the second channel (l2); and
determining a background shift based on whether the first and second background signals (bA, bB) deviate by more than a threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,458,995

COMBINATORIAL SYNTHESIS AND BIOMARKER DEVELOPMENT

1. A peptoid or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof comprising a formula:
or any combination thereof, wherein R is independently selected from a group consisting of a coupling group that couples to a linker, a substrate, or a label; hydrogen; deuterium; C1-6 alkyl; C2-6 alkenyl; C2-6 alkynyl, C3-8cycloalkyl; heteroaryl, cycloalkyl; C1-6alkylheteroaryl; C1-6 alkylaryl; and alkylcycloalkyl; each of which except hydrogen and deuterium may be individually and independently substituted one or more times with XA; halogen; NY2; CXXY; XCY3; alkyl; hydrogen; deuterium; carboxylic acid; ether; amine; XX2NY2; ?X; XCY2X or any combinations thereof, wherein X is independently selected from oxygen or sulfur; Y is independently selected from deuterium or hydrogen; A is hydrogen, deuterium, aryl, or heteroaryl.

US Pat. No. 10,458,994

METHODS FOR MASS SPECTROMETRIC BASED CHARACTERIZATION OF BIOLOGICAL MOLECULES

THERMO FINNIGAN LLC, San...

1. A method for identifying one or more protein compounds within a liquid sample comprising a mixture of compounds that includes a plurality of protein compounds, the method comprising:(a) forming positively charged ions of the mixture of compounds of the portion of the liquid sample by electrospray ionization in an ion source of a mass spectrometer, the positively charged ions comprising a plurality of ion species;
(b) generating a mass spectrum of the ions using a mass analyzer of the mass spectrometer;
(c) automatically decomposing peaks of the mass spectrum into a plurality of sets of peaks and assigning a charge state to each peak of each set, wherein each set of peaks corresponds to a group of the ion species derived from a respective one of the protein compounds by adduction of hydrogen ions;
(d) choosing a plurality of mass-to-charge ratio (m/z) ranges based on observable features in the plurality of sets of peaks; and
(e) for each one of the chosen m/z ranges:
(e1) automatically calculating a molecular weight, MW, corresponding to a mass spectral peak observed at a mass-to-charge ratio (m/z)p in the respective chosen m/z range using the observed value of (m/z)p and a charge state assigned to the peak in step (c);
(e2) isolating a respective subset of the ion species having m/z values within the respective chosen m/z range;
(e3) generating, from the respective isolated subset of ion species, a plurality of first-generation product ions of a product ion species having mass-to-charge ratio (m/z)2 by causing said respective isolated first subset of ion species to be reacted, in an ion trap, with anions of a reagent compound that, upon reaction, extract protons from each of one or more ion species that comprises a protonated molecular species of a protein compound, the reacting performed for a predetermined time duration during which a first supplemental oscillatory voltage waveform is applied to electrodes of the ion trap at a frequency that matches a frequency of motion of ions of the ion species having the mass-to-charge ratio (m/z)2;
(e4) generating, from the respective first-generation product ions, a plurality of second-generation product ions comprising one or more second-generation product ion species by causing ions of the respective first-generation product ion species to be reacted with additional anions of the reagent compound for a second predetermined time duration;
(e5) generating a plurality of fragment ion species by fragmenting ions of the respective one or more second-generation product ion species;
(e6) generating a mass spectrum of the respective fragment ions; and
(e7) searching for a protein identification based on the respective determined molecular weight and the mass-to-charge values observed in the mass spectrum of the respective fragments.

US Pat. No. 10,458,992

BREATH SAMPLING AND ANALYSIS DEVICE

GM Nameplate, Inc., Seat...

1. A gas analysis device, comprising:(a) a canister comprising a cavity, an inlet aperture, and an outlet aperture, wherein the canister is configured to receive a gas sample into the cavity through the inlet aperture, and wherein a cross-sectional area of the outlet aperture is smaller than a cross-sectional area of the cavity;
(b) a sensor in fluid communication with the cavity and configured to analyze a portion of the gas sample received from the cavity;
(c) a blower assembly in fluid communication with the sensor and configured to selectively draw the portion of the gas sample from the cavity through the outlet aperture to expose the sensor to the portion of the gas sample.

US Pat. No. 10,458,990

SPORE STATE DISCRIMINATION

Scanit Technologies, Inc....

1. A method comprising:directing a flow of air comprising a fungal spore to a collection cartridge;
trapping the fungal spore on a tape medium of the collection cartridge;
positioning the fungal spore within a field of view of a camera sensor while the fungal spore remains trapped on the tape medium of the collection cartridge;
activating an ultraviolet (UV) light source to illuminate the trapped fungal spore with UV light;
opening a camera shutter associated with the camera sensor for a time period;
while the trapped fungal spore is illuminated with the UV light, allowing the camera sensor to collect light emitted from the trapped fungal during a first portion of the time period;
after the first portion of the time period has elapsed, directing, during a second portion of the time period after the first portion of the time period, a first burst of white light, originating from a first position, towards the trapped fungal spore;
directing, during the second portion of the time period, a second burst of white light, originating from a second position, different from the first position, towards the trapped fungal spore;
after the second portion of the time period has elapsed, closing the camera shutter to generate an image; and
analyzing the image to obtain a shape of the trapped fungal spore.

US Pat. No. 10,458,989

REAGENTS FOR DIRECTED BIOMARKER SIGNAL AMPLIFICATION

SIRIGEN II LIMITED, Oxfo...

1. A water-soluble conjugated polymer having the structure of the formula:
wherein:
Ar is an aryl or heteroaryl unit substituted with a non-ionic side group capable of imparting solubility in water;
MU is a polymer modifying unit or band gap modifying unit that is evenly or randomly distributed along the polymer main chain and is optionally substituted with one or more optionally substituted substituents selected from halogen, hydroxyl, C1-C12 alkyl, C2-C12 alkene, C2-C12 alkyne, C3-C12 cycloalkyl, C1-C12 haloalkyl, C1-C12 alkoxy, C2-C18 (hetero)aryloxy, C2-C18 (hetero)arylamino, a C2-C18 (hetero)aryl group and (CH2)x?(OCH2CH2)y?OCH3 where x? is independently an integer from 0-20 and y? is independently an integer from 0 to 50;
optional linkers L1 and L2 are each independently an aryl or a heteroaryl group evenly or randomly distributed along the polymer main chain and are substituted with one or more pendant chains terminated with: i) a functional group selected from amine, carbamate, carboxylic acid, carboxylate, maleimide, activated ester, N-hydroxysuccinimidyl, hydrazine, hydrazide, hydrazone, azide, alkyne, aldehyde, thiol, and protected groups thereof for conjugation to a molecule or biomolecule; or ii) a conjugated organic dye or biomolecule;
G1 and G2 are each independently selected from hydrogen, halogen, alkyne, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, halogen substituted aryl, boronic acid substituted aryl, boronic ester substituted aryl, boronic ester, boronic acid, optionally substituted fluorene and aryl or heteroaryl substituted with one or more pendant chains terminated with: i) a functional group selected from amine, carbamate, carboxylic acid, carboxylate, maleimide, activated esters, N-hydroxysuccinimidyl, hydrazine, hydrazide, hydrazone, azide, alkyne, aldehyde, thiol, and protected groups thereof for conjugation to a molecule or biomolecule; or ii) a conjugated organic dye or biomolecule;
wherein:
n is the number of repeat units;
the polymer comprises at least 1 functional group selected from amine, carbamate, carboxylic acid, carboxylate, maleimide, activated ester, N-hydroxysuccinimidyl, hydrazines, hydrazide, hydrazone, azide, alkyne, aldehyde, and thiol within G1, G2, L1 or L2, or a conjugated organic dye or biomolecule; and
a, b, c and d define the mol % of each unit within the structure which each can be evenly or randomly repeated and where a is a mol % from 10 to 100%, b is a mol % from 0 to 90%, and each c and d are mol % from 0 to 25%.

US Pat. No. 10,458,988

BIOTINYLATED LUMINESCENT PROBE

MUSC Foundation for Resea...

1. A bioluminescent probe of formula I (B-YL):
wherein n is 10 to 200,
or a derivative thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,458,984

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR INTERACTION ANALYSIS

GE Healthcare Bio-Science...

1. A method for evaluation of an interaction between an analyte in a fluid sample and a ligand immobilized on a sensor surface of a biosensor, the method comprising:providing a reference binding curve, representing a reference interaction for a predetermined acquisition cycle,
acquiring, using the bio sensor, a sample binding curve for the analyte ligand interaction for the predetermined acquisition cycle,
generating a graphical user interface, including an upper threshold curve and a lower threshold curve defined with respect to the reference binding curve, wherein at least one of the upper and lower threshold curves is movable with respect to the reference binding curve to adjust a threshold range for one or more phases in the predetermined acquisition cycle to set deviation criteria for analysis of the sample binding curve,
excluding a section of the sample binding curve exhibiting a disturbance, wherein identification of the disturbance to automatically exclude sample binding curves with a disturbance is based on known analyte ligand interaction and predetermined acquisition conditions, wherein the exclusion contains a transition between an association phase and a dissociation phase of the predetermined acquisition cycle,
registering a deviation of the sample binding curve from the reference binding curve according to the threshold range and deviation criteria, wherein excluded sections of the sample binding curve are not included during the registering of the deviation,
classifying the analyte ligand interaction as equivalent to the reference interaction when the registered deviation is less than the deviation criteria, wherein the deviation criteria are weighted in response to phases of the predetermined acquisition cycle and the upper and lower reference threshold binding curves, and
generating, based on the classification, a determination of molecular binding interaction at a sensing surface independent of interaction models, wherein the generated binding interaction excludes binding curve sections with disturbances.

US Pat. No. 10,458,982

FLUIDIC DEVICE INCLUDING BAW RESONATORS ALONG OPPOSING CHANNEL SURFACES

QORVO US, INC., Greensbo...

1. A fluidic device comprising:a channel arranged to receive a fluid;
a first bulk acoustic wave resonator structure arranged between a first substrate and a first surface bounding the channel, wherein the first bulk acoustic wave resonator structure includes a first piezoelectric material, a first distal electrode arranged between the first piezoelectric material and the first substrate, and a first proximal electrode arranged between the first piezoelectric material and the channel, wherein at least a portion of the first piezoelectric material is arranged between the first distal electrode and the first proximal electrode to form a first active region; and
a second bulk acoustic wave resonator structure arranged between a second substrate and a second surface bounding the channel, wherein the second surface opposes the first surface, and wherein the second bulk acoustic wave resonator structure includes a second piezoelectric material, a second distal electrode arranged between the second piezoelectric material and the second substrate, and a second proximal electrode arranged between the second piezoelectric material and the channel, wherein at least a portion of the second piezoelectric material is arranged between the second distal electrode and the second proximal electrode to form a second active region.

US Pat. No. 10,458,980

CANTILEVER SENSORS FOR MOLECULE DETECTION

3P SENSE LIMITED, London...

1. A process for preparation of an unpassivated cantilever, comprising the steps of:1) providing a cantilever sensor having two sides;
2) coating one side of the cantilever with at least a gold layer; and
3) functionalizing both sides of the cantilever with a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of a probe molecule bound to a linker by incubating the cantilever in a solution having a concentration of the probe molecule bound to a linker of between 1 to 1000 ?M.

US Pat. No. 10,458,978

MINIATURIZED LATERAL FLOW DEVICE FOR RAPID AND SENSITIVE DETECTION OF PROTEINS OR NUCLEIC ACIDS

Triad National Security, ...

1. A device for detecting the presence of a target nucleic acid in a fluid sample, the device comprising:a porous lateral flow strip having a width of 3 mm or less; and
a microarray of spots on said porous lateral flow strip, each spot comprising a plurality of capture oligonucleotides;
wherein each capture oligonucleotide is complementary to a capture sequence of the target nucleic acid;
wherein each spot was printed with a solution having a concentration of capture oligonucleotides between 200 ?M and 800 ?M; and
wherein said microarray of spots provides a quantitative visual colorimetric signal indicating an amount of from 250 amol to 1 fmol of the target nucleic acid in the fluid sample comprising at least 150 mM salt in less than two minutes by capillary flow.

US Pat. No. 10,458,977

SKIN TOPOGRAPHY AS A MARKER FOR SKIN MATURATION

LABORATOIRES EXPANSCIENCE...

1. A method, comprising:a) obtaining at least one sample (A) of skin cells of a child;
b) contacting a candidate cosmetic product with the sample (A);
c) obtaining an image of the sample (A) after step b) using methods of optical microscopy, scanning probe microscopy, electronic microscopy, optical tomography or optical profiling;
d) measuring the developed surface of the skin of the sample (A);
e) obtaining at least one control sample of skin wherein said sample has not been in contact with the candidate cosmetic product of step b);
f) obtaining an image of the control sample of step e) using methods of optical microscopy, scanning probe microscopy, electronic microscopy, optical tomography or optical profiling;
g) measuring the developed surface of the skin of said control sample;
h) preparing a dermo-cosmetic composition for the skin of a child comprising the candidate cosmetic product of step b) when the developed surface measured in step d) is superior or equal to the developed surface measured in step g).

US Pat. No. 10,458,976

EARLY WARNING OF CHANGES IN HEALTH AND ROBUSTNESS USING NARROWLY FORWARD SCATTERED LIGHT TO TRACK EASE OF MORPHOLOGICAL CHANGES OF BLOOD CELLS

Satish DESHPANDE, Guelph...

1. A method of generating a tracking value to assist in determining morphological changes in a suspension of blood cells, the method comprising:obtaining the suspension of blood cells from a blood sample, the suspension of blood cells having a cells per volume concentration;
directing light having an incident light central axis at a group of blood cells within the suspension of blood cells;
determining a first scattered light intensity angular distribution;
applying a challenge agent to the suspension of blood cells to morphologically change blood cells in the suspension of blood cells, wherein application of the challenge agent produces a challenge agent and blood suspension mixture;
directing light having the incident light central axis at a suspended group of blood cells within the challenge agent and blood suspension mixture;
determining a second scattered light intensity angular distribution; and
calculating a tracking value based on the first scattered light intensity angular distribution and the second scattered light intensity angular distribution;
wherein the tracking value is obtained by the equation T=?i=0i=4|Fi?Si|,
with Fi representing first scattered light intensities in the first scattered light intensity angular distribution detected at angles i where i represents a forward scattered light angular range,
with Si representing second scattered light intensities in the second scattered light angular distribution detected at angles i where i represents the forward scattered light angular range, and
with the summation being over angles i where i is between 0 and 4 degrees.

US Pat. No. 10,458,975

CALIBRATION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CALIBRATING AN IGNITION INTERLOCK DEVICE

1A Smart Start, LLC, Gra...

1. An interlock calibration system comprising:an ignition interlock device including a computer processor and a computer memory storing a program; and
a calibration station including a device computer and a gas sample delivery system that includes a first cylinder of compressed alcohol sample gas and a second cylinder of compressed alcohol sample gas, the first cylinder of compressed alcohol sample gas providing a first sample gas to the ignition interlock device, and the second cylinder of compressed alcohol sample gas providing a second sample gas to the ignition interlock device, the first sample gas having a different alcohol concentration than the second sample gas,
wherein the computer processor of the ignition interlock device is configured to execute the program and cause the ignition interlock device to use the first sample gas to calibrate the ignition interlock device, and to use the second sample gas to determine whether the calibration of the ignition interlock device was successful.

US Pat. No. 10,458,974

UNIVERSAL TESTING SYSTEM FOR QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS

OPTIMUM IMAGING DIAGNOSTI...

1. A cassette configured to measure an analyte of interest,the cassette comprising:
a calibration strip comprising a first region and a second region, the first region having a first concentration of an analyte and the second region having a second concentration of the analyte, wherein the first concentration is different from the second concentration;
a sample strip positioned parallel to the calibration strip;
a sample port in fluid communication with the sample strip but not in fluid communication with the calibration strip; and
a fluid port in fluid communication with the calibration strip and the sample strip.

US Pat. No. 10,458,973

HANDHELD DIABETES MANAGEMENT DEVICE WITH BOLUS CALCULATOR

Roche Diabetes Care, Inc....

1. A computer-implemented method for determining an allowable amount of blood glucose (bG) of a patient, the allowable amount of blood glucose being used to calculate a bolus recommendation for a patient, the method comprising:maintaining a plurality of active advice history records in a data store of a computing device, each of the plurality of active advice history records having been generated during a predetermined time period relative to a current time, and each of the plurality of active advice history records identifying data relating to one or more bG influencing events and including a time corresponding to the one or more bG influencing events;
measuring, by a sensor of the computing device, a current bG measurement corresponding to the patient, the current bG measurement indicating a current bG level of the patient;
determining, by one or more processors of the computing device, a target bG value for the patient, the target bG value corresponding to a desired bG level for the patient;
determining, at the one or more processors, a correction delta bG value based on one or more records of the plurality of active advice history records, the correction delta bG value being indicative of an aggregated bG lowering effect of the events defined in the one or more active advice history records on a bG value of the patient;
determining, at the one or more processors, a correction meal rise value based on a specific active advice history record of the plurality of active advice history records, the correction meal rise value being indicative of an amount the bG level of the patient can increase with respect to the target bG value without requiring a correction bolus;
determining, at the one or more processors, a maximum allowed bG value based on the target bG value, the correction delta bG value, and the correction meal rise value;
comparing, at the one or more processors, the current bG measurement to the target bG value;
setting, at the one or more processors, the allowable amount of bG value equal to the maximum allowed bG value when the current bG measurement is greater than the target bG value;
setting, at the one or more processors, the allowable amount of bG value using the target bG value and the correction delta bG value and excluding the correction meal rise value when the current bG measurement is less than the target bG value;
storing the allowable amount of bG value in the data store of the computing device;
calculating, at the one or more processors, a recommendation for the patient using the allowable amount of bG value; and
presenting the recommendation to the patient on a display of the computing device.

US Pat. No. 10,458,971

SYSTEMS, APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR TESTING AND PREDICTING THE PERFORMANCE OF CONCRETE MIXTURES

QUIPIP, LLC, Pittsburgh,...

1. An apparatus comprising:a first cylindrical wall having a first radius, the first cylindrical wall having an exterior surface;
a second cylindrical wall having a second radius greater than the first radius;
a first end portion having an interior surface, the first end portion being solid with no opening that passes therethrough; and
a second end portion, the second end portion being solid with no opening that passes therethrough;
wherein:
a first volume is defined by the first cylindrical wall, the first end portion and the second end portion, the first volume being adapted to hold a concrete test cylinder; and
a second volume is defined between the first and second cylindrical walls;
the apparatus further comprising:
a temperature sensor disposed on the interior surface of the first end portion, wherein the temperature sensor protrudes from the interior surface and does not penetrate the first end portion, the temperature sensor being adapted to:
penetrate an exposed surface of a concrete mixture in the concrete test cylinder; and
obtain a measurement of temperature of the concrete mixture; and
one or more heat flow sensors disposed on the exterior surface of the first cylindrical wall, in the second volume between the first and second walls, wherein each of the one or more heat flow sensors is separated from the concrete mixture disposed in the first volume by the first wall.

US Pat. No. 10,458,970

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTING CONTAMINANTS IN WATER

Sungyong In, Germantown,...

1. An apparatus for detecting one or more contaminants in water flowing in a pipe, the apparatus comprising:a first pipe and a second pipe configured to transport water;
a sensor assembly including a flow tube disposed between the first pipe and the second pipe joining the two pipes into a continuous section for transporting the water, the flow tube including a plurality of transparent windows,
wherein the sensor assembly is configured to include:
an optical sensor configured to detect one or more biological contaminants in the water flowing inside the flow tube; and
an electricity conductivity sensor disposed on the flow tube and configured to detect one or more metallic contaminants in the water flowing inside the flow tube;
wherein the optical sensor of the sensor assembly includes:
a light source configured to emit light through one of the plurality of transparent windows into the water flowing inside the flow tube; and
a photodetector configured to receive the emitted light from the light source through one of the plurality of transparent windows, the photodetector disposed and facing the light source inside the flow tube; and
wherein the electricity conductivity sensor includes:
a plurality of electrodes disposed inside the flow tube and including an anode and a cathode installed diametrically opposite in the flow tube; and
an electrical conductivity meter coupled to the plurality of electrodes and configured to measure a voltage or a current across the plurality of electrodes for determining a presence of the one or more metallic components in the water flowing inside the flow tube.

US Pat. No. 10,458,969

DYNAMIC WATER QUALITY PREDICTION

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A computer implemented method for predicting water quality of a water source, the method comprising:receiving, from a user device, a forecast horizon for across which to predict the water quality, wherein the forecast horizon comprises a plurality of time periods (T1-Tn);
receiving, from the user device, one or more geographical locations (S1-Sp) at which to predict the water quality;
receiving, from a monitoring stations at each of the one or more geographical locations, a set of present water quality measures for the water source;
receiving, from an external source, an expert report about the water source and surroundings;
receiving satellite imagery of the one or more geographical locations (S1-Sp);in response to detecting changes in the water quality based on the satellite imagery, requesting, from remote servers hosting the satellite images, satellite imagery of the one or more geographical locations (S1-Sp) at which a change in water quality occurred for specific time periods;generating, by a water quality prediction system, a water quality prediction model M(Si) for each geographical location Si from the one or more geographical locations using historical water quality data at the each geographical location Si and the satellite imagery for the specific time periods, the model M(Si) mapping a causal variable with each water quality measure from the set of water quality measures, wherein the combined water quality prediction models are constrained by an analysis in the expert report;
combining, by the water quality prediction system, the water quality prediction model for a geographical location Si+1 with the water prediction model for Si by adding a conditional probability;
determining, by the water quality prediction system, predicted water quality measures for each of the geographical locations Si at each time period Tk from the plurality of time periods in the forecast horizon based on the combined water quality prediction models for each geographical locations Si using the present water quality measures, wherein a first predicted water quality measure for the geographical location Si at a time period Tk is based on a second predicted water quality measure for the geographical location Si at time periods T1 to Tk?1;
in response to a predicted water quality measure being below a predetermined threshold, generating, by the water quality prediction system, an explanation in natural language based on the causal variable mapped with the water quality measure that is predicted; and
outputting, by the water quality prediction system, for receipt by the user device, the predicted water quality measure and the explanation.

US Pat. No. 10,458,968

WATER QUALITY ANALYSIS DEVICE

Shimadzu Corporation, Ni...

1. A water quality analysis device configured to analyze a concentration of at least one analysis target component contained in sample water, comprising:at least one reactor configured to cause a reaction corresponding to an analysis target component in the sample;
a measuring cell for the analyzing of the concentration of least one analysis target of the sample water, wherein the concentration of the at least one analysis target component is obtained by performing at least one measurement with the measuring cell, the at least one measurement is chosen from the group consisting of: introducing a gas containing the at least one analysis target component generated by the reaction in the at least one reactor to a gas detection unit comprising the measuring cell and injecting the sample water into the measuring cell after the reaction in the at least one reactor;
control means configured to control a cleaning operation for individually cleaning the at least one reactor and the measuring cell according to at least one predetermined procedure, the at least one predetermined procedure selected from discharging analyzed sample water from the at least one reactor and/or the measuring cell, injecting wash water into the at least one reactor and/or the measuring cell, and discharging wash water from the at least one reactor and/or the measuring cell; and
a memory that is configured to retain stored content, the stored content being retained by the memory in the event of power loss to the memory,
wherein:
the memory stored content includes operation states of the at least one reactor and of the measuring cell as the stored content,
the control means is configured to read the stored content of the memory upon power activation, and
the at least one predetermined procedure includes a starting point that is based on the stored content of the memory.

US Pat. No. 10,458,967

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CREATING AN OPENING IN THE CALCIFIED SHELL IN THE REGION OF THE BLUNT END OF AN INCUBATED BIRD EGG WITH EMBRYO AND FOR DETERMINING THE SEX THEREOF

AGRI ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIE...

1. A method for creating an opening in the calcified shell of an incubated bird egg containing an embryo, in the region of the blunt end of the incubated bird egg, wherein within the region of the blunt end there is an outer membrane and an inner membrane with an air cell located therebetween,characterized in that the method comprises the following steps:
a) storing the incubated bird egg with its pointed end facing downwards, wherein the embryo adjoins the inner membrane;
b) candling the incubated bird egg and detecting the light transmitted through the incubated egg for detecting the position and the geometry of the air cell at the blunt end of the incubated bird egg; and
c) subsequently creating an opening in the calcified shell at the blunt end of the incubated bird egg above the taut inner membrane to the air cell in order to obtain an access to the air cell.

US Pat. No. 10,458,966

EGG CANDLING AND RELOCATION APPARATUS FOR USE WITH IN OVO INJECTION MACHINES

BOEHRINGER INGELHEIM ANIM...

1. An egg candling and relocation apparatus, comprising:a. a user interface;
b. an entrance, an egg candling area, an egg staging area and an exit;
c. supports configured to receive and permit the conveyance of a tray holding a plurality of eggs;
d. one or more conveying means, for conveying the trays from the entrance, to the candling area, to the egg staging area, and to the exit;
e. an egg candling energy means, for directing energy at the plurality of eggs;
f. an energy detection means, for detecting the energy that passes through the plurality of eggs and for converting the detected energy into a signal;
g. a signal processing means, for converting the signal into at least one status signal of one or more eggs;
h. a robot, comprising a working arm equipped with one or more flexible cups, for picking up and relocating eggs based upon the status of said eggs, wherein the robot is mounted onto the apparatus such that a range of motion of said robot permits said working arm and said one or more flexible cups to pick up any of the plurality of eggs while the tray is in the candling area; and
i. a robot controller, an electrical controller, and a pneumatic controller, wherein each controller is electrically connected to the user interface;
j. a four finger pusher, comprising four fingers that is configured to slide beneath the tray and engage with the tray to move the tray laterally, toward the exit, wherein when the four finger pusher slides beneath the tray, the four fingers flexibly and pivotably retract, and after a first set of two fingers clears the edge of the tray, said first set of two fingers pivot up to their resting positions, and wherein after the first set of two fingers return to their resting positions, the four finger pusher reverses direction, engages the first set of two fingers with the tray, thereby moving the tray from the egg staging area to the exit; and
wherein the apparatus is optionally equipped with a single-, 6-, or 42-egg remover head.

US Pat. No. 10,458,965

DEVICE AND SYSTEM FOR OPTICALLY ANALYZING FOOD PRODUCTS

1. A device for optically analyzing food products, the device comprising:a first imaging device sensitive to first wavelengths;
a second imaging device sensitive to second wavelengths,
one of the first imaging device and the second imaging device comprising:
a line-scan camera configured to acquire images of food products in a human-visible wavelength spectrum, at a line in a food-path-facing direction,
and an other of the first imaging device and the second imaging device comprising: a line-scan spectrometer configured to acquire spectroscopic images of the food products from the line in the food-path-facing direction;
an optical filter configured to:
convey the first wavelengths from the line to the first imaging device; and
convey the second wavelengths from the line to the second imaging device; and
a frame configured to align the optical filter and respective optical axes of the first imaging device and the second imaging device, relative to each other and the food-path-facing direction, such that the first imaging device and the second imaging device are optically aligned via the optical filter to image the line.

US Pat. No. 10,458,963

QUANTITATIVE HPTLC CANNABINOID FIELD TESTING DEVICE AND METHOD

1. An analytical cartridge, comprising:a sample receptacle adapted to receive a volume of liquid sample;
a pump having an intake in fluid communication with the sample receptacle;
a development chamber adapted to contain a thin layer chromatography mobile phase;
a stationary phase disposed within the development chamber and suitable for conducting thin layer chromatography;
a sample deposit area of the stationary phase in fluid communication with an output of the pump;
a mobile phase reservoir adapted to contain a thin layer chromatography mobile phase; and
a casing combining, into the form of a cartridge, the sample receptacle, the pump, the development chamber, the stationary phase, the sample deposit area, and the mobile phase reservoir.

US Pat. No. 10,458,962

TEMPERATURE CONTROL FOR SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE SENSOR

Pulmostics Limited, Dubl...

1. A method for identification of chemicals in a sample, the method comprising:receiving a temperature profile defining a varying target temperature as a function of time;
separating one or more eluted components from a sample with a gas chromatograph;
adjusting a temperature of a surface acoustic wave sensor in accordance with the temperature profile as the one or more eluted components are separated from the sample by the gas chromatograph, the surface acoustic wave sensor being coupled with the gas chromatograph to define a gas chromatography/surface acoustic wave system, the one or more eluted components being separated from the sample by the gas chromatograph accumulate at a condensation spot on the surface acoustic wave sensor;
generating surface acoustic wave frequency response data with the surface acoustic wave sensor, the surface acoustic wave frequency response data including one or more peaks corresponding respectively to the one or more eluted components separated from the sample by the gas chromatograph; and
identifying a set of one or more candidate chemicals for an eluted component of interest based on a corresponding peak of the surface acoustic wave frequency response data.

US Pat. No. 10,458,961

GAS CHROMATOGRAPH

Shimadzu Corporation, Ky...

1. A gas chromatograph comprising:a column for separating a sample into components;
a detector connected to downstream of the column, the detector including a detection unit for detecting the components of the sample separated by the column;
first and second introducing channels which are each arranged to introduce a carrier gas into the detector;
a switch for selecting one channel through which the carrier gas is introduced into the detector between the first introducing channel and the second introducing channel so that the carrier gas containing the components or the carrier gas alone is selectively introduced into the detector;
a pressure regulator for regulating a flow rate of the carrier gas introduced into the detector through the first introducing channel or the second introducing channel;
a control unit configured to control the pressure regulator;
an analysis information input unit with which analysis information is input;
a data retaining unit which retains data indicating a relationship between a preliminarily-set column flow rate and a carrier gas flow rate which is a flow rate of the carrier gas which is to be introduced into the detector; and
a calculation unit which is configured to calculate the column flow rate on the basis of the analysis information input from the analysis information input unit and calculate the carrier gas flow rate according to the calculated column flow rate by using the calculated column flow rate and the data retained in the data retaining unit, wherein
the control unit is configured to control the pressure regulator based on the calculated carrier gas flow rate.

US Pat. No. 10,458,960

INTEGRATED SYSTEM FOR QUANTITATIVE REAL-TIME MONITORING OF HYDROGEN-INDUCED CRACKING IN SIMULATED SOUR ENVIRONMENT

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A system for monitoring hydrogen-induced cracking in a laboratory environment, comprising:a source of sour gas;
a test solution tank comprising a test solution and into which the sour gas is introduced such that the test solution becomes saturated with the sour gas;
a test cell defining a semi-open fluid vessel, the fluid vessel being in fluid communication with the test solution tank such that the fluid vessel receives the saturated test solution;
a test cell holder configured to rotate the test cell;
at least one specimen port operatively connected to the fluid vessel and configured to hold a test specimen such that one surface of each test specimen is exposed to the saturated test solution; and
an ultrasonic transducer operatively connected to the at least one specimen port and configured to rotate to scan HIC defects of the test specimen.

US Pat. No. 10,458,959

METHOD OF DETECTING FAILURE OR ANOMALY OF SENSOR TERMINAL

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

1. A method of detecting the failure or anomaly of a sensor terminal, comprising:preparing a plurality of sensor terminals having sensors that detect vibrations from outside, the plurality of sensor terminals receiving the vibrations and outputting vibration reception signals; and
comparing a first vibration reception signal output from a first sensor terminal with a second vibration reception signal output from a second sensor terminal, thereby detecting that at least one of the first and second terminals has failed or is anomalous,
wherein slots of a housing unit for housing the plurality of sensor terminals are arranged in a shape of a lattice, and the first sensor terminal and the second sensor terminal are selected from among sensor terminals housed in slots located adjacently.

US Pat. No. 10,458,958

ULTRASONIC THROUGH-THICKNESS MODULUS EVALUATION OF MATERIALS

United States of America ...

1. An apparatus for performing non-destructive evaluation of the through-thickness modulus of a specimen comprises:a first low-frequency ultrasonic longitudinal wave transducer configured to be coupled to a first surface of a specimen to be tested with a first delay line, the specimen having a layer of fibers perpendicular to the first surface and the second surface;
a second low-frequency ultrasonic longitudinal wave transducer configured to be coupled to a second surface of the specimen with a second delay line, the second contact point at a predetermined distance from the first contact point, the predetermined distance corresponding to the distance between the first surface and second surface, wherein the first low-frequency ultrasonic longitudinal wave transducer is configured to transmit a guided wave into the specimen in plane with layer of fibers, and the second low-frequency ultrasonic longitudinal wave transducer is configured to receive the guided wave from the first ultrasonic longitudinal wave transducer; and
a first high-frequency longitudinal wave transducer and a second high-frequency longitudinal wave transducer configured to generate and receive both in-plane and out-of-plane ultrasonic signals in the specimen.

US Pat. No. 10,458,957

ULTRASONIC DEVICE, ULTRASONIC MODULE, AND ULTRASONIC MEASURING DEVICE

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. An ultrasonic device comprising:a substrate provided with a first opening and a second opening;
a support film that is provided on the substrate and spans the first opening and the second opening;
a plurality of transmission transducers connected in series, each of the plurality of transmission transducers being configured to transmit an ultrasonic wave, each of the plurality of transmission transducers being configured with a transmitting piezoelectric film and two electrodes applying a voltage to the transmitting piezoelectric film, the two electrodes sandwiching the transmitting piezoelectric film in a plan view,
the transmitting piezoelectric film being provided on the support film at a position which overlaps the first opening in the plan view; and
a plurality of reception transducers connected in series, each of the plurality of transmission transducers being configured to receive the ultrasonic wave, each of the plurality of reception transducers being configured with a receiving piezoelectric film and two electrodes applying a voltage to the receiving piezoelectric film, the two electrodes sandwiching the receiving piezoelectric film in a direction intersecting a direction of the plan view,
the receiving piezoelectric film being provided on the support film at a position which overlaps the second opening in the plan view,
wherein a film thickness dimension of the receiving piezoelectric film is smaller than a film thickness dimension of the transmitting piezoelectric film.

US Pat. No. 10,458,956

ULTRASONIC PROBE AND ULTRASONIC DIAGNOSIS DEVICE PROVIDED WITH SAME

HITACHI, LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. An ultrasonic probe, comprising:an ultrasonic transducer;
a transmitting circuit including a transducer driving unit and a current source, the transducer driving unit being configured with a current mirror of a first voltage transistor and a second voltage transistor, the second voltage transistor being connected to the ultrasonic transducer, the current source supplying an operating current to the first voltage transistor of the transducer driving unit;
a correcting unit including a transmission circuit driving unit replica having the same configuration as the transducer driving unit, a bias unit that constantly maintains a sum of electric currents flowing to a third voltage transistor and a fourth voltage transistor of the transmitting circuit driving unit replica, and an observing unit that copies and extracts the electric current flowing to the third voltage transistor of the transmitting circuit driving unit replica; and
a distributing unit operatively connected with the transmitting circuit with electric wiring.

US Pat. No. 10,458,955

ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCER ASSEMBLY AND SYSTEM FOR MONITORING STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL...

1. An ultrasonic transducer assembly useful for monitoring a component having a curved outer surface, the transducer comprising:a piezoelectric film having top and bottom surfaces, the film having a flexibility to conform to said curved outer surface and being oriented to excite and detect ultrasonic pulses in a direction orthogonal to the film bottom surface;
a top electrode adjacent to the top surface of the piezoelectric film to make the piezoelectric film able to act as an ultrasonic transducer in said direction orthogonal to the film bottom surface when a voltage is applied to said top electrode; and
a clamp configured to apply compressive stress on a region of the component, the clamp being aligned with the top electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,458,954

STRUCTURE EVALUATION SYSTEM, STRUCTURE EVALUATION APPARATUS, AND STRUCTURE EVALUATION METHOD

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A structure evaluation system comprising:a plurality of sensors configured to detect an elastic wave generated from a structure;
a signal processor configured to acquire a reliability of the elastic wave on the basis of the elastic wave detected by the plurality of sensors; and
an evaluator configured to evaluate soundness of the structure on the basis of the acquired reliability,
wherein the signal processor comprises a waveform shaping filter or a gate generation circuit,
wherein the reliability is a value indicating a degree of unexpectedness of the latest data with respect to past statistical data,
wherein the signal processor divides an evaluation region of the structure to be evaluated for soundness into a plurality of regions and acquires the reliability of the elastic wave in a region through which the elastic wave passes on a movement path of the elastic wave from a source of the elastic wave to the plurality of sensors among the plurality of regions.

US Pat. No. 10,458,952

ULTRASOUND DIAGNOSTIC APPARATUS, ULTRASOUND IMAGE GENERATION METHOD, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. An ultrasound diagnostic apparatus acquiring an ultrasound image for examining an inspection object using an ultrasonic beam, the ultrasound diagnostic apparatus comprising:a sound velocity determiner configured to determine an ambient sound velocity with respect to each of a plurality of regions in the inspection object; and
a sound velocity searching range setting section configured to set a sound velocity searching range within which the sound velocity determiner searches in order to determine the ambient sound velocity of each of the plurality of regions,
wherein, upon determination of a first estimated ambient sound velocity of each of the plurality of regions, the sound velocity searching range setting section sets a first sound velocity searching range, and the sound velocity determiner searches one or more sound velocities within the first sound velocity searching range to determine a second estimated ambient sound velocity for each of the plurality of regions, and
wherein, after determining the second estimated ambient sound velocity for each of the plurality of regions, the sound velocity searching range setting section sets a second sound velocity searching range for one of the plurality of regions based on the second estimated ambient sound velocity of another of the plurality of regions, the second sound velocity searching range being different from the first sound velocity searching range, and
the sound velocity determiner searches one or more sound velocities within the second sound velocity searching range in the one of the plurality of regions to determine a third estimated ambient sound velocity for the one of the plurality of regions,
wherein the second sound velocity searching range has an upper limit and a lower limit, and wherein the center value of the second sound velocity searching range is the average value of the upper limit and the lower limit, and
wherein the central value of the second sound velocity searching range is the same as the second sound velocity of the another of the plurality of regions.

US Pat. No. 10,458,951

CYLINDER BLOCK INSPECTION METHOD AND SYSTEM

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A system for inspecting thermal spray coated cylinder bores of aluminum alloy cylinder blocks, the system including:a failure detection apparatus including at least one acoustic detection device disposed in contact with the cylinder block proximate at least one of the cylinder bores;
a heating apparatus;
a cooling apparatus, and
a control unit in electronic communication with each of the failure detection apparatus, the heating apparatus, and the cooling apparatus, and wherein the control unit includes a memory and a control logic sequence for operating the system.

US Pat. No. 10,458,950

METHOD FOR NON-DESTRUCTIVELY DETERMINING MATERIAL PROPERTIES

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A method for non-destructive determining of material properties of electrically conductive components, comprising the acts of:moving an electromagnetic eddy current testing sensor at least one of on and near a surface of at least one sample cast component in a manner producing a varying magnetic field in the sample cast component;
sensing currents in the at least one sample cast component with the sensor;
displaying in human-readable form a measurement signal indicative of the eddy currents resulting in the at least one sample cast component from the varying magnetic field;
storing a reference eddy current measurement signal from a reference cast component with known impact-dynamic and/or crash-dynamic deformability;
displaying in human-readable form the reference measurement signal with a gain of the reference measurement signal adjusted to a reference location in the display; and
determining the relative impact-dynamic and/or crash-dynamic deformability of the at least one sample cast component relative to the impact-dynamic and/or crash-dynamic deformability of the reference cast component by comparing the displayed measurement signal of the at least one sample cast component to the displayed reference measurement signal,
wherein the electromagnetic eddy current testing sensor is a high-resolution eddy current sensor adapted to a conductivity of the at least one sample cast component.

US Pat. No. 10,458,949

METHOD FOR MEASURING A STATOR CORE OF AN ELECTRIC MACHINE AND MEASURING DEVICE

GENERAL ELECTRIC TECHNOLO...

1. A method for measuring a stator core of an electrical machine comprising:winding at least one excitation coil around the stator core;
applying, via an excitation device comprising at least a capacitor a discontinuous excitation voltage to the at least one excitation coil to magnetically excite the stator core to obtain magnetic excitation of the stator core;
measuring with at least one detecting device a temperature quantity or a vibration quantity of the magnetically excited stator core; and
determining interlaminar laminate shorts of the stator core based on extraordinary values of the detected vibration quantity of the magnetically excited stator core measurement, or determining laminated shorts of the stator core based on the temperature quantity of the magnetically excited stator core measurement, the extraordinary values of detected vibrations indicate that a stability of the stator core diverges at a specific spot.

US Pat. No. 10,458,948

MAGNETO-MECHANICAL SENSOR FOR PARAMAGNETIC OXYGEN MEASUREMENT

ABB SCHWEIZ AG, Baden (C...

1. A magneto-mechanical sensor for paramagnetic gas analysis, the sensor comprising:a dumbbell-shaped test piece configured for rotatable suspension in an inhomogeneous magnetic field;
an electrically conductive tensioning wire, which is attached coaxially to an axis of rotation of the test piece for the rotatable suspension thereof;
a conductor loop, attached to the test piece, configured to generate a torque thereby stabilizing the test piece during energizing in interaction with the inhomogeneous magnetic field when current is supplied; and
a mirror arranged on the test piece, configured to measure a deflection of the test piece,
wherein at least parts of the conductor loop, which are electrically conductively connected to the tensioning wire, are applied to a surface of the test piece using metallization,
wherein the test piece is solid,
wherein the mirror is applied to the test piece using metallization, and
wherein the mirror is part of the conductor loop.

US Pat. No. 10,458,947

THINNING DETECTION SYSTEM AND THINNING DETECTION METHOD

Yokogawa Electric Corpora...

1. A thinning detection system comprising:a current applying apparatus configured to apply an AC current to electrodes installed on metal equipment which is a monitoring object;
a magnetic-field measuring apparatus including an array of magnetic sensors configured to measure a magnetic field distribution of a surface side of the metal equipment; and
a measurement managing apparatus configured to estimate a thinning distribution of the metal equipment on the basis of a magnetic field distribution difference which is a difference between a reference magnetic-field distribution which is obtained in a case where thinning has not occurred in the metal equipment and a measurement magnetic-field distribution which is an actual measurement result,
wherein the measurement managing apparatus calculates a virtual current distribution of the metal equipment from the magnetic field distribution difference, and estimates the thinning distribution of the metal equipment on the basis of a virtual eddy current represented by the virtual current distribution,
wherein the virtual eddy current is a difference between a first current distribution which is obtained in a case in which thinning has not occurred in the metal equipment and a second current distribution which is obtained in a case in which thinning has occurred in the metal equipment, and
wherein the measurement managing apparatus is configured to:
estimate a thinning shape on the basis of a spiral shape of the virtual eddy current; and
estimate a thinning depth on the basis of a density of the virtual eddy current.

US Pat. No. 10,458,946

ION SELECTING DEVICE FOR IDENTIFICATION OF IONS IN GASEOUS MEDIA

1. A method of separating and collecting ions of a predetermined ion mobility from a gaseous mixture of ions of different ion mobilities using a differential mobility analyser apparatus, wherein the differential mobility analyser apparatus comprises an ion-separation chamber having:(a) a sample gas flow inlet;
(b) a focusing chamber, an opening at one end of which serves as the sample gas flow inlet through which sample gas can flow into the ion-separation chamber;
(c) a sheath gas inlet connected or connectable to a supply of sheath gas;
(d) a sheath gas outlet;
(e) an ion outlet through which the ions of predetermined ion mobility can be collected; and
(f) two or more electrodes arranged to provide an ion-separating electric field across the ion-separation chamber;wherein the focusing chamber is oriented at an angle of from 30° to 90° relative to a direction of flow of the sheath gas along the ion-separation chamber;and wherein a focusing zone is provided in the focusing chamber, the focusing zone comprising at least two surfaces where a non-uniform density of electric charge can be created;the method of separating and collecting ions of predetermined ion mobility comprising:(i) introducing a stream of sheath gas through the sheath gas inlet at a predetermined flow rate;(ii) introducing a stream of sample gas containing an ion cloud into and through the focusing chamber and through the focusing zone therein at a predetermined flow rate;(iii) subjecting the ion cloud in the sample gas in the focusing zone to a non-uniform electric field generated by the non-uniform density of electric charge such that the electric field modifies ion trajectories in the sample gas so that they converge to produce an ion stream of reduced width;(iii) directing the stream of sample gas containing the ion stream of reduced width from the focusing chamber through the sample gas flow inlet into the ion-separation chamber; and(iv) selecting a field strength for the ion-separating electric field so as to attract ions of a predetermined ion mobility to the ion outlet.

US Pat. No. 10,458,945

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR ION SEPARATION, ESPECIALLY IMS, USING AN ION SHUTTER

1. A method of controlling an ion shutter of an IMS cell, the method comprising:controlling a barrier voltage between a first shutter electrode and a second shutter electrode to open and close the shutter to allow ions of interest to pass through the shutter in a drift direction by varying the voltage of the first shutter electrode; and varying the voltage of the second shutter electrode;
wherein the voltages of the first shutter electrode and the second shutter electrode are varied with respect to a spatially varying profile voltage of the IMS cell, the voltage of the first shutter electrode is controlled to match the profile voltage prior to opening of the shutter, and the first shutter electrode lies between a reaction region of the IMS cell and the second shutter electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,458,944

TRAPPED ION MOBILITY SPECTROMETER WITH HIGH ION STORAGE CAPACITY

1. A trapped ion mobility analyzer comprising an electric DC field barrier in the form of a ramp, a counteracting gas flow that drives ions against the electric DC field barrier, such that ions are trapped and separated along the ramp according to their mobilities, and an RF ion guide that generates an RF multipole field with an order higher than an RF quadrupolar field (N=2), such that ion density in the multipole field is highest away from an axis of the ion guide, allowing for accumulation of a relatively high number of ions without losses due to space charge effects.

US Pat. No. 10,458,943

IONIC CONDUCTIVITY MEASUREMENT DEVICE OF ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE

Korea Institute of Scienc...

1. An ionic conductivity measurement device of an electrolytic membrane, comprising:a humidification chamber configured to accommodate an ion-conductive electrolytic membrane and having concave grooves respectively formed at both sides thereof which face the electrolytic membrane to form a measurement space for measuring ionic conductivity of the electrolytic membrane, the humidification chamber having a first humid gas inlet and a first humid gas outlet formed through the concave groove;
a plurality of channels formed at a bottom surface of each of the concave grooves so that the first humid gas inlet and the first humid gas outlet are connected to communicate with each other, the plurality of channels having an open top;
a gas distribution unit detachably coupled to each of the concave grooves with the electrolytic membrane being interposed therebetween, the gas distribution unit being closely adhered to a top portion of the plurality of channels and uniformly distributing the humid gas moving along the plurality of channels toward the electrolytic membrane; and
a plurality of electrodes provided in contact with one side of the electrolytic membrane and supported by the gas distribution unit, the plurality of electrodes being disposed side by side to measure an impedance of the electrolytic membrane.

US Pat. No. 10,458,942

CHEMICAL SENSOR ARRAY HAVING MULTIPLE SENSORS PER WELL

LIFE TECHNOLOGIES CORPORA...

1. A device comprising:a material defining a reaction region, the reaction region having a bottom surface and configured to receive a solution having an analyte;
a plurality of chemically-sensitive field effect transistors having a common floating gate in communication with the reaction region; and
a circuit including a plurality of row lines and a plurality of column lines, a first chemically-sensitive field effect transistor of the plurality of chemically-sensitive field effect transistors and a second chemically-sensitive field effect transistor of the plurality of chemically-sensitive field effect transistors responsive to a bias voltage on a row line of the plurality of row lines, in response to the bias voltage on the row line, the first chemically-sensitive field effect transistor providing a first output signal on a first column line and the second chemically-sensitive field effect transistor providing a second output signal on a second column line, each of the first and second output signals indicating a presence of the analyte within the solution;
wherein the plurality of chemically-sensitive field effect transistors communicate with a reference electrode and wherein the reference electrode contacts the solution.

US Pat. No. 10,458,941

ELECTROCHEMICAL MEASUREMENT DEVICE AND ELECTROCHEMICAL MEASUREMENT APPARATUS PROVIDED WITH ELECTROCHEMICAL MEASUREMENT DEVICE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. An electrochemical measurement apparatus comprising:a base part;
a placement part on which an object to be measured is placed, the placement part being provided to the base part;
an electrode part provided near the placement part on the base part;
a wiring part provided to a surface of the base part and electrically connected to the electrode part;
an insulator that covers the electrode part;
a protruding part provided on an upper surface of the base part so as to protrude above an upper surface of the insulator; and
a peripheral wall part that surrounds the placement part;
wherein
the protruding part has an upper surface, an inner side surface connected to the upper surface of the protruding part, and an outer side surface connected to the upper surface of the protruding part and being opposite to the inner side surface, the inner surface facing the electrode part,
the upper surface of the base part has a portion extending beyond the outer side surface of the protruding part,
the peripheral wall part is provided on the portion of the upper surface of the base part,
the electrode part is exposed through an opening formed in the insulator,
the upper surface of the protruding part has an inner portion and an outer portion, wherein the inner portion is connected to the inner side surface and the outer portion is connected to the outer side surface,
the peripheral wall part protrudes over the upper surface of the protruding part, and is disposed directly on the outer portion of the upper surface of the protruding part, and
the inner portion of the upper surface of the protruding part is exposed from the peripheral wall part.

US Pat. No. 10,458,940

NON-DESTRUCTIVE INSTRUMENT FOR DETECTING POLYMER INSERTS WITHIN POLYMER PIPES FITTED WITH A LOCATOR WIRE

Atlas Sensors, LLC, Moun...

1. A system for insert detection, comprising:a sensor, wherein the sensor comprises electrodes with a shape to match an outer periphery of a non-metallic parent pipe, wherein the sensor is positioned surrounding the outer periphery of a non-metallic parent pipe using two enclosure halves that are connected by a hinge, wherein a half enclosure of the two enclosure halves includes a cutout electrode for surrounding a cutout space, and wherein the cutout electrode is tied to a ground to shield against signals from the cutout space; and
a processor configured to:
receive capacitance measurement based at least in part on a signal measured using the sensor; and
determine presence or absence of an insert based at least in part on the capacitance measurement and a threshold, wherein the insert comprises a pipe insert located within an inner periphery of the non-metallic parent pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,458,939

SENSOR COATED WITH RECEPTOR LAYER OF MIXTURE OF BASE MATERIAL AND PARTICULATE MATERIAL

NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR MA...

1. A sensor comprising:a receptor layer of a composite containing a base material and a particulate material, and
a sensor main body having the receptor layer on a surface thereof so that the sensor detects a variation in a physical parameter caused on adsorption of a molecule of an analyte to the receptor layer,
wherein the particulate material is a multicomponent material comprising a plurality of compounds,
wherein the surface of the particulate material is modified with one or more surface-modifying groups, and at least one of the surface-modifying groups adsorbs the molecule of the analyte,
wherein the sensor main body is a surface stress sensor, and
wherein the physical parameter is a surface stress.

US Pat. No. 10,458,938

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MONITORING OF FLOOR CONDITIONS

Ecolab USA Inc., St. Pau...

1. A system comprising:a floor monitoring device that moves around an environment to be monitored, the floor monitoring device including one or more floor condition sensors that sense a first level of soil on a flooring substrate at each of a plurality of locations within the environment, and wherein the floor monitoring device further stores one or more maps corresponding to routes within the environment to be traversed by the floor monitoring device; and
a computing device separate from the floor monitoring device and associated with the environment that receives the first level of soil sensed at each of the plurality of location within the environment from the floor monitoring device, the computing device including:
an analysis module that, when executed by the computing device, compares the first level of soil sensed at each of the plurality of locations within the environment with baseline floor condition data representative of a clean floor condition to identify a notable floor condition within the environment, and determines a location within the environment corresponding to the notable floor condition, wherein the notable floor condition includes soil on the flooring substrate; and
a reporting module that, when executed by the computing device, generates one or more reports indicating the notable floor condition and the location within the environment corresponding to the notable floor condition,
wherein the analysis module further, when executed by the computing device, generates a command for receipt by the floor monitoring device to clean the flooring substrate at the location within the environment corresponding to the notable floor condition,
wherein the floor monitoring device moves to the location within the environment corresponding to the notable floor condition and cleans the location within the environment associated with the notable floor condition upon receipt of the command generated by the analysis module,
wherein subsequent to the floor monitoring device cleaning the flooring substrate at the location within the environment corresponding to the notable floor condition, the floor monitoring device senses a second level of soil on the flooring substrate at the location within the environment corresponding to the notable floor condition; and
wherein the analysis module further, when executed by the computing device, compares the second level of soil with the baseline floor condition data representative of a clean floor to determine whether or not the notable floor condition was adequately cleaned.

US Pat. No. 10,458,937

ELECTROMAGNETIC DETECTOR FOR DETECTION OF INTERFACE CRACKS IN A PIEZOELECTRIC-PIEZOMAGNETIC LAMINATED STRUCTURE

1. An electromagnetic detector for detection of an interface crack in a piezoelectric-piezomagnetic laminated structure, comprising an eddy current magnetic probe assembly (1), an automatic scanning frame (2), a base (3), a carrier (4), a servomotor (5), an X-axis movable frame driving controller (6), a Y-axis movable frame driving controller (7), a power supply (8), and a main controller (9);the carrier (4) is located on the base (3) with a permanent magnet (10) arranged between the carrier (4) and the base (3), the automatic scanning frame (2) is located above the carrier (4), the power supply (8) is configured to supply power for the servo motor (5);
the automatic scanning frame (2) is provided on the upper part with a guide rail I (11), a guide rail II (12), an X-axis movable frame (13) and a Y-axis movable frame (14);
the servo motor (5) is connected to the X-axis movable frame (13) and the Y-axis movable frame (14) via the X-axis movable frame driving controller and the Y-axis movable frame driving controller, respectively;
each of the guide rails 1 (11) and the guide rails II (12) is arranged in two, with two guide rails I (11) are arranged respectively on two long sides of the automatic scanning frame (2), and two guide rails II (12) are respectively arranged on two short sides of the automatic scanning frame (2), the X-axis movable frame (13) is arranged perpendicular to the guide rails II (12) and two ends of the X-axis movable frame (13) are installed on the two guide rails II (12) respectively,
the Y-axis movable frames (14) are in two, each of which is arranged perpendicular to the X-axis movable frame (13), and two ends of the two Y-axis movable frames (14) are installed on the two guide rails I (12) respectively,
the eddy current magnetic probe assembly (1) is arranged at the intersection of the X-axis movable frame (13) and one of the Y-axis movable frames (14) and is movable as the X-axis movable frame (13) and Y-axis movable frames (14) move,
a high-speed CCD camera (15) is arranged at the intersection of the X-axis movable frame (13) and the other Y-axis movable frame (14),
the eddy current magnetic probe assembly (1) and the high-speed CCD camera (15) are both connected to the main controller (9),
the main controller (9) is communicatively connected to a computer host (17),
the main controller comprises a magnetic signal extraction unit (18), a magnetic signal processing unit (19), a magnetic signal output unit (20), an image extraction unit (21), an image processing unit (22), a two-dimensional image generating unit (23), and an image signal output unit (24),
the magnetic signal extraction unit (18) is connected with the eddy current magnetic probe assembly (1) through a lead wire,
the image extraction unit (22) is connected to a high-speed CCD camera (15) through a lead wire,
the magnetic signal processing unit (19) is configured to receive and process the magnetic information extracted by the magnetic signal extraction unit and then send the processed data to the host computer (17) through the magnetic signal output unit (20);
the image processing unit (22) is configured to receive and process the image information extracted by the image extraction unit (21), and then transmit the processed image information to the two-dimensional image generation unit (23) to generate a two-dimensional image of a structure and send data of the two-dimensional image to the computer host (17) through the image signal output unit (24),
a stress extraction sensor, an electric displacement sensor and a magnetic induction intensity sensor are all connected with the computer host (17) through the sensor control unit (16).

US Pat. No. 10,458,936

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR THE DETERMINATION OF THE ABSOLUTE COEFFICIENT OF THERMAL EXPANSION IN ULTRALOW EXPANSION MATERIALS

Corning Incorporated, Co...

1. A process for determining an absolute coefficient of thermal expansion in a sample, comprising:supporting a sample on a frame, the sample having a first boundary opposite a second boundary, the frame having a first end opposite a second end, the frame supporting at least one optical sensor on the first end and at least one optical sensor on the second end, the at least one optical sensor supported on the first end directing an optical signal at the first boundary of the sample, the at least one optical sensor supported on the second end directing an optical signal at the second boundary of the sample;
regulating the temperature of the frame within a first range that is within ±0.02 K of a frame set point temperature;
varying the temperature of the sample over a second range that is greater than 1K while maintaining the temperature of the frame within the first range;
measuring the change in length of the sample as a function of temperature over the second range; and
determining the absolute coefficient of thermal expansion based on the measured change in length of the sample as a function of temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,458,935

APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR PERFORMING THERMAL MELT ANALYSES AND AMPLIFICATIONS

GEN-PROBE INCORPORATED, ...

31. A system for performing a nucleic acid diagnostic assay on a sample carried within a receptacle, comprising:a target isolation module configured to isolate a target nucleic acid within the sample and to separate the target nucleic acid from non-target components of the sample;
an incubation module configured to incubate the contents of a receptacle and perform an amplification procedure on the separated target nucleic acid within the receptacle;
a thermal melt analysis module configured to receive a receptacle and to apply thermal energy to the contents of the receptacle and to detect and record an optical signal emitted by the contents of the receptacle while thermal energy is being applied to the contents of the receptacle, wherein the thermal melt analysis module includes a thermal block, and wherein thermal energy is applied to the contents of the receptacle by placing a receptacle into operative proximity to the thermal block wherein the thermal melt analysis module is configured to hold the thermal block at a constant elevated temperature relative to ambient temperature for the duration of a thermal melt analysis; and
a receptacle transport mechanism under computer control and configured to:
(1) provide a receptacle containing a sample to the target isolation module,
(2) after the target nucleic acid has been separated from non-target components of the sample, remove the receptacle from the target isolation module;
(3) after removing the receptacle from the target isolation module, provide the receptacle to the incubation module;
(4) after the amplification procedure is complete, remove the receptacle from the incubation module; and
(5) after removing the receptacle from the incubation module, provide the receptacle to the thermal melt analysis module.

US Pat. No. 10,458,934

TOOL FOR CUTOFF VALUE DETERMINATION IN NET-PAY COMPUTATION WORKFLOW

Schlumberger Technology C...

1. A computer implemented method for assessing porosity and water saturation cutoff values for hydrocarbon volume estimation, the method comprising:obtaining a plurality of water saturation and porosity value pairs for a plurality of locations in at least one borehole;
plotting the plurality of water saturation and porosity value pairs on a graph, wherein the graph comprises a water saturation axis and a porosity axis;
estimating, based on the plurality of water saturation and porosity value pairs, an estimated maximal hydrocarbon volume for the at least one borehole;
representing a plurality of percentiles of the estimated maximal hydrocarbon volume on the graph; and
causing the graph to display a combined sensitivity to porosity and water saturation cutoffs values.

US Pat. No. 10,458,933

METHOD FOR ANALYSIS USING X-RAY FLUORESCENCE

Icagen, Inc., Durham, NC...

1. A method for measuring a response to a neurodegenerative disorder therapy, comprisingobtaining a sample which has been exposed to a therapy and a sample which has not been exposed to a therapy, the samples each comprising a biomarker comprising one or more chemicals that are related to a neurodegenerative disorder, wherein the samples are prepared for X-ray analysis by exposure to a solution;
using an X-ray fluorescence spectrometer to perform an X-ray fluorescence analysis on the samples to obtain spectral features derived from the biomarker; and
quantifying the X-ray fluorescence signal of the biomarker and comparing the signal of the sample which has been exposed to the therapy and the sample which has not been exposed to the therapy;
wherein the X-ray fluorescence spectrometer irradiates the sample with polychromatic X-rays.

US Pat. No. 10,458,931

CONTACT IMAGING SENSOR HEAD FOR COMPUTED RADIOGRAPHY

Leidos, Inc., Reston, VA...

1. A system for readout-scanning of a previously exposed photostimulable storage phosphor plate containing an X-ray image comprising:a linear array of red light emitting diodes (LEDs) oriented at a predetermined angle to the exposed photostimulable storage phosphor plate to illuminate directly both a gap-interface between the exposed photostimulable storage phosphor plate and a red-absorbing filter and a first predetermined portion of the exposed photostimulable storage phosphor plate; and
a microlens array for receiving image photons emitted from the exposed first predetermined portion of the photostimulable storage phosphor plate responsive to the illumination from the linear array of red light emitting diodes (LEDs) and passed through the red-absorbing filter, wherein the microlens array forms the X-ray image on a linear sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,458,930

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR NON-INVASIVE MEASUREMENT OF SOIL CHLORINE AND/OR NITROGEN CONTENT AND FOR DETECTING SUB-SURFACE CHLORINE OR NITROGEN-CONTAINING OBJECTS

The United States of Amer...

1. A detection system for determining the presence of chlorine on, or below, a testable surface, comprising:a neutron generator assembly, for generating pulsed neutron beams;
a moderator, positioned between the neutron generator assembly and the testable surface;
a gamma ray detector, positioned to detect a gamma ray response from materials on or below the testable surface when the neutron beams impinge the materials; and
a gamma ray detector processor/controller comprising a split electronics processing system that separates gamma spectra acquired during a neutron pulse from the gamma spectra acquired between neutron pulses, the gamma ray detector processor/controller being in communication with the gamma ray detector and the neutron generator assembly, the gamma ray detector processor/controller is being structured to collect thermal neutron capture (TNC) gamma spectra data between neutron beam pulses;
wherein, the gamma ray detector processor/controller is structured so that the presence of chlorine is indicated when the TNC gamma ray spectra data indicates a count rate peak with a centroid at about 1164 keV.

US Pat. No. 10,458,929

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MATERIALS ANALYSIS

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A method for the characterization of micro-textured regions in a sample containing more than one crystalline phase, comprising:providing an x-ray diffraction system, the system having a base, a tube arm rotatably associated with the base, a detector arm rotatably associated with the base, and a sample stage that includes three axes of translation and three axes of rotation, an x-ray source capable of emitting a non-collimated beam of x-rays, and a collimator operatively associated with the x-ray source, the collimator capable of converting the non-collimated beam of x-rays into a collimated beam of x-rays having a quasi-rectangular shape with a divergence less than one degree in all directions, wherein the collimated beam of x-rays is directed towards a surface of a sample on the sample stage at an angle of incidence relative to the surface of the sample;
activating the pixelated area detector operatively coupled to the detector arm, the detector continuously creating an output signal, wherein the detector has a detector surface and the detector arm is an automated detector arm capable of varying the distance between the detector surface and the sample and an angle between the collimated beam of x-rays and the detector surface, wherein the detector captures quasi-parallel x-rays diffracted off the surface of the sample at an angle of reflection relative to the surface of the sample, wherein the angle of reflection is different from the angle of incidence, and wherein the detector is located at the angle of reflection;
turning on the X-ray source;
moving the sample stage, the X-ray source and the detector until a portion of the collimated beam of X-rays is diffracted from the sample into the detector; and
sending the output signal to a computer.

US Pat. No. 10,458,928

COLLIMATING DEVICE AND RAY INSPECTION DEVICE

Nuctech Company Limited, ...

1. A collimating device, mounted to a frame and configured to collimate a radiation beam from a source, the collimating device comprising:a beam guiding cylinder extended along a first direction such that the radiation beam enters the beam guiding cylinder from an inlet thereof in the first direction, passes along the beam guiding cylinder and is emitted out of an outlet of the beam guiding cylinder;
a first collimator mounted at an inlet end of the beam guiding cylinder;
a second collimator mounted at an outlet end of the beam guiding cylinder; and
a beam guiding cylinder adjusting device disposed adjacent to the inlet of the beam guiding cylinder to adjust a direction of the beam guiding cylinder such that the first collimator is aligned with the first direction;
wherein the outlet end of the beam guiding cylinder is fixed to the frame and the second collimator is aligned with an object to be irradiated by the radiation beam, and the beam guiding cylinder is configured to have flexibility to allow the beam guiding cylinder adjusting device to adjust a direction towards which the inlet end of the beam guiding cylinder is directed, in a direction transverse to the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,458,927

IMAGE PROCESSING DEVICE, IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD, AND PROGRAM

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. An image processing device comprising:a processor configured to
acquired a radiation image obtained by imaging a test object irradiated with radiation which transmitted the test object, wherein the test object is one of an industrial product and an industrial facility;
a standard image storage that stores a standard image which is a normal radiation image of the test object imaged under the same imaging condition as in the radiation image acquired by the processor;
the processor further configured to
detect differential values of pixel values between corresponding pixels of the radiation image acquired by the processor and the standard image stored in the standard image storage; and
cause a display unit to display a differential region between the radiation image and the standard image so that positive and negative of the differential values in the differential region can be determined on the basis of a detection result of the processor, and
wherein the radiation image is obtained by imaging the test object disposed between a radiation source and an imaging plate, and
wherein the imaging condition includes at least a distance between the radiation source and the test object, an intensity and an incident angle of radiation emitted to the test object from the radiation source, a geometrical position of the test object indicating a relative position or a posture of the test object with respect to the radiation source or the imaging plate, the kind or the shape of the imaging plate.

US Pat. No. 10,458,926

CALIBRATION HARDWARE PHANTOM FOR DIFFERENTIAL PHASE CONTRAST IMAGING

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A phantom body for use in calibrating a phase contrast imaging system, comprising:at least three mutually distinct parts configured for causing a plurality of disturbances with respect to an X-ray beam when said X-ray beam passes through the phantom body, said plurality of disturbances including a phase shift, an absorption, and a de-coherence, wherein each disturbance of the plurality of disturbances is being caused by exactly one part of the at least three mutually distinct parts to a degree larger than other degrees with which said other disturbances are being caused by the respective two other parts of the at least three mutually distinct parts, and wherein at least one part of the at least three mutually distinct parts comprises at least three distinct sub-parts configured to graduate the respective degree of disturbance caused by said at least one part into three different sub-degrees.

US Pat. No. 10,458,925

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR INSPECTING BODIES HAVING A PLURALITY OF CHANNELS

Corning Incorporated, Co...

1. An inspection apparatus for inspecting a body comprising a structure comprised of walls extending in a longitudinal direction between a first end and a second end, the walls defining a plurality of longitudinal channels extending between first and second faces disposed at the first and second ends, respectively, the apparatus comprising:a translucent conveyor belt comprising a backlight surface and an opposing end supporting surface; and
a light source oriented to direct light onto the backlight surface;
wherein the light source and the belt are arranged to convey the body while directing diffuse light into the channels of the body in the longitudinal direction in the longitudinal direction.

US Pat. No. 10,458,924

INSPECTION APPARATUS AND INSPECTION METHOD

Hitachi High-Technologies...

1. An inspection apparatus comprising:a table unit that is movable with a sample placed thereon;
a light irradiation unit irradiating the sample placed on the table unit with illuminating light;
a detection optical system forming a scattered light image from the sample irradiated with the illumination light, and detecting the scattered light image by using an image sensor;
an image processing unit receiving a signal from the image sensor of the detection optical system that detects the scattered light image to generate an image of the scattered light, and processing the generated image to detect a defect of the sample;
an output unit outputting an image including the defect processed by the image processing unit; and
a control unit controlling the table unit, the light irradiation unit, the detection optical system, and the image processing unit, wherein
the image processing unit includes:
an image generation unit receiving the signal from the image sensor to generate the image of the scattered light;
an image correction unit correcting lightness discontinuity that occurs in the image of the scattered light, the image being generated by the image generation unit; and
a defect detection unit detecting the defect of the sample by processing the image, the lightness discontinuity of which is corrected by the image correction unit,
the control unit switches between a high sensitivity mode, in which a relatively narrow region of the sample is inspected with high sensitivity, and a high throughput mode, in which a relatively wide region of the sample is inspected at a relatively high speed, by controlling the table unit, the light irradiation unit, the detection optical system, and the image processing unit, and
the image correction unit receives a signal detecting the scattered light image generated from the sample in a state in which the temperature of the image sensor is changing before being stabilized immediately after switching between the high sensitivity mode and the high throughput mode by the control unit and corrects lightness discontinuity occurring in the image of scattered light, the image being generated by the image generation unit.

US Pat. No. 10,458,922

METHOD OF DETECTING DEFECTS OF A MOVING SHEET OF FLEXIBLE FIBROUS MATERIAL

PFNONWOVENS CZECH S.R.O.,...

1. A method of detecting defects of a moving sheet of pliable fibrous material created by fibres falling onto a carrying belt, said method comprising the following steps:a. while a primary detection array is used to scan the moving sheet of fibrous material in at least one primary detection area, which the fibres, after falling onto the carrying belt, reach within a time shorter than 15 minutes, and information about identified defects is sent for assessment, where it forms a basis for assessing the need to adjust production parameters, and
b. a secondary detection array scanning the sheet of fibrous material in at least one secondary detection area, which the fibres, after falling onto the carrying belt, reach later than the primary detection area, whereupon information about identified defects including the defects as identified by the primary detection array is sent to an assessment system, wherein, based on information about at least some defects identified by the primary detection array, areas of the sheet of fibrous material are determined for which an assessment of defects identified by the secondary detection array shall be performed, and this assessment is performed.

US Pat. No. 10,458,921

METHOD TO CHARACTERIZE CUT GEMSTONES USING OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A method of using optical coherence tomography for assessing at least one physical characteristic of a gemstone comprising:optically modifying at least one interface between a surface of the gemstone and a surrounding medium to return a sample beam incident of the at least one interface to an optical coherence tomography (OCT) system;
selectively directing the sample beam from an optical coherence tomography (OCT) system onto the gemstone;
receiving a returned sample beam from the at least one interface; and
generating a three dimensional OCT image map of the gemstone to determine volume, gem carat weight, quality and/or clarity including flaws, fillers inclusions cracks, drill lines or opacities;
where the gemstone is oriented to present one or more superior surfaces to the sample beam;
where optically modifying at least one interface between a surface of the gemstone and a surrounding medium to return a sample beam incident of the at least one interface to an optical coherence tomography (OCT) system comprises disposing a flexible, fluid-filled bag around at least one of the superior surfaces of the gemstone;
where the bag is filled with a fluid having a refractive index selected to reduce the difference in refractive index between the gemstone and medium as compared to the difference in refractive index between the gemstone and air, and
where remaining surfaces of the gemstone are immersed in a medium including nanoparticles, microparticles or reflecting particles, the medium having a refractive index greater than air at the wavelength of the sample beam;
where selectively directing the sample beam from an optical coherence tomography (OCT) system onto the gemstone comprises scanning the gemstone with a planar (x-y) scan of the sample beam using a GRIN lens, the sample beam scanning a proximal end of the GRIN lens and a distal end of the GRIN lens disposed in the flexible, fluid-filled bag opposed to the superior surfaces of the gemstone; and
where generating a three dimensional OCT image map of the gemstone to determine volume, gem carat weight, quality and/or clarity comprises generating a three dimensional OCT image of the gemstone with simultaneous imaging of interior and posterior surfaces of the gemstone.

US Pat. No. 10,458,920

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ENSURING PROPER TUBING INSTALLATION FOR FLUID PROCESSING SYSTEMS

Fenwal, Inc., Lake Zuric...

1. A fluid processing system configured to cooperate with a fluid flow circuit, the fluid processing system comprising:an optical sensor assembly configured to receive a portion of the fluid flow circuit and comprising
a light source configured to emit a light, and
a light detector configured to receive a portion of the light emitted by the light source and to produce an output indicative of the amount of received light; and
a controller configured to receive the output from the light detector and to determine
whether said portion of the fluid flow circuit is properly received by the optical sensor assembly by
comparing the output from the light detector to a baseline value that is indicative of the amount of light from the light source that is received by the light detector in an absence of said portion of the fluid flow circuit,
determining that said portion of the fluid flow circuit is not properly received by the optical sensor assembly when the output from the light detector is greater than a selected percentage of the baseline value, and
determining that said portion of the fluid flow circuit is properly received by the optical sensor assembly when the output from the light detector is equal to or less than said selected percentage of the baseline value, and
a characteristic of a fluid flowing through said portion of the fluid flow circuit using said light.

US Pat. No. 10,458,919

MULTI-ANALYTE DETECTION SYSTEM AND METHOD

FLIR Detection, Inc., St...

1. An apparatus for detecting an analyte in a gas sample, the apparatus comprising:a flow system comprising at least a sensor head, a gas inlet providing gaseous fluid communication to a sample area within the sensor head, a gas outlet providing gaseous fluid communication from the sample area, and a module receiver;
a removable module positioned at least partially within the module receiver and comprising a substrate carrying at least two different reporters thereon, wherein the sample area is defined, at least in part, by a bottom of the sensor head and the substrate, the sample area is configured to isolate a portion of the substrate carrying the at least two different reporters thereon from a remainder of the substrate located outside the sample area, the portion of the substrate is exposed to the gas sample within the sample area, and the removable module comprises a substrate seal providing protection against premature exposure of the at least two different reporters and/or the portion of the substrate;
a substrate feeder capable of advancing the substrate through the sample area;
a plurality of optical ports in optical communication with the sample area, the optical ports providing optical communication for at least two optical illuminators and at least two optical detectors; and
a control system comprising a processor and a memory device configured to control operation of the optical illuminator, the optical detector, and the substrate feeder.

US Pat. No. 10,458,918

SUBSTANCE DETECTION DEVICE

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A substance detection device comprising:a substrate comprising nanoimprinted chamber walls and nanostructures, the chamber walls defining a chamber and the nanostructures positioned within the chamber to react to a substance introduced into the chamber; and,
a two-dimensional (2D) orifice plate affixed to the chamber walls and forming a top side of the chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,458,917

METHOD OF MEASURING RAMAN SCATTERING AND RELATED SPECTROMETERS AND LASER SOURCES

MKS Technology, Inc., La...

14. A spectrometer, comprising:a first electromagnetic source adapted to provide a first beam having a first wavelength;
a first polarized device configured to convert the first beam to a first polarized beam polarized in a first direction;
a second electromagnetic source adapted to provide a second beam having a second wavelength;
a second polarized device configured to convert the second beam to a second polarized beam polarized in a second direction;
a half-wave plate configured to rotate one of the first beam or the second beam to have the same polarization direction as the other of the first beam or the second beam while allowing the other of the first beam or the second beam to pass therethrough without changing the polarization thereof;
a beam combiner configured to combine the first polarized beam and the second polarized beam to form orthogonal collinear polarized beams traveling along a common optical path and directed toward a test sample; and
a detector adapted to receive scattered radiation from the test sample and detect a spectroscopy signal from the scattered radiation.

US Pat. No. 10,458,915

HETEROARYLCYANINE DYES

Pacific Biosciences of Ca...

1. A fluorescent compound or conjugate having the formula:A-Q-BwhereinQ has a formula which is a member selected from:

n is 1, 2 or 3;
Rm is a member selected from:

wherein
w is an integer from 1 to 10;
u is 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 and, when u is two or greater, each Ro is independently selected;
Ro is a member selected from OH, O?, a reactive functional group, a component of a reactive functional group and a linkage fragment binding the compound to a carrier molecule;
B is a moiety which is a member selected from Formulae I, II and III;

wherein
X1 is CR1R2,
wherein
R1, R2 and R3 are independently CH2R7;
X2 and X3 are members independently selected from O, S, N, NH, CR22, and CR22R23,
wherein
R4, R5, R6, R7, R22 and R23 are members independently selected from H, R28, R28Z2, SO3H, CO2H, R28SO3H, C(O)NHR28SO3H, CONHR28C(O)Z2,

wherein
Rp and Z2 are independently selected from OH, O?, a reactive functional group, a component of a reactive functional group and a linkage fragment covalently binding said compound to a carrier molecule;
g is an integer selected from 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4, and when g is greater than or equal to 2, each Rg or Rp is independently selected;
Rg is a member selected from H, R38, R38Z3, SO3H, CO2H, R38SO3H, CONHR38SO3H, and CONHR38C(O)Z3,
wherein
 R28 and R38 are independently selected from a bond, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl and substituted or unsubstituted heterocycloalkyl;
 Z3 is selected from OH, O?, a reactive functional group, a component of a reactive functional group and a linkage fragment covalently binding said compound to a carrier molecule;
at least one of R1, R2, R3, R4, R5 and R6 is a reactive functional group, a component of a reactive functional group or is a linkage fragment covalently binding said compound to a carrier molecule;
said compound comprises at least three SO3H moieties; and
A has a formula which is a member selected from:

wherein
X1? is CR1?R2?,
wherein
R1?, R2? and R3? are independently CH2R7?;
X2? and X3? are members independently selected from O, S, N, NH, CR22?, and CR22?R23?,
wherein
R4?, R5?, R6?, R7?, R22? and R23? are members independently selected from H, R28?, R28?Z2?, SO3H, CO2H, R28?SO3H, CONHR28?SO3H, CONHR28?C(O)Z2?,

wherein
Z2? is a reactive functional group or is a linkage fragment covalently binding said compound to a carrier molecule;
g? is selected from 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, and when it is greater than or equal to 2, each Rg? is independently selected;
Rg? is a member selected from H, R38?, R38?Z3?, SO3H, CO2H, R38'SO3H, CONHR38?SO3H, and CONHR38?C(O)Z3?,
wherein
 R28? and R38? is a bond or is a member selected from substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl and substituted or unsubstituted heterocycloalkyl; and
 Z3? is a member selected from a reactive functional group, a component of a reactive functional group and a linkage fragment covalently binding said compound to a carrier molecule.

US Pat. No. 10,458,914

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR RAPID PARASITE DETECTION

Monash University, Clayt...

1. A method of detecting parasitemia with an ATR-FIR spectrometer comprising:(i) delivering an evanescent IR beam using an ATR substrate of an ATR-FTIR spectrometer in contact with a patient sample, wherein the patient sample is dried onto the ATR substrate;
(ii) detecting IR radiation transmitted from the AIR substrate to produce a spectrum of the patient sample;
(iii) processing one or more signals in the spectrum to identify any parasite; and
(iv) determining a parasitemia level of the patient sample using one or more signals in the spectrum.

US Pat. No. 10,458,913

DETERMINATION APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING TYPE OF RECORDING MEDIUM AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS USING THE SAME

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An apparatus for determining a type of a recording medium, comprising:a detection unit configured to detect a characteristic value indicating a physical characteristic of a recording medium;
a measurement unit configured to measure information regarding a moisture content contained in the recording medium; and
a control unit configured to determine the type of the recording medium,
wherein the control unit is configured to convert the characteristic value into a detected value, correct the detected value based on the information measured by the measurement unit, and determine the type of the recording medium based on the corrected detected value.

US Pat. No. 10,458,912

MODEL BASED OPTICAL MEASUREMENTS OF SEMICONDUCTOR STRUCTURES WITH ANISOTROPIC DIELECTRIC PERMITTIVITY

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A measurement system comprising:a first illuminator providing a first amount of illumination to a structure fabricated on an unfinished, multi-layer semiconductor wafer across a spectral range;
a first spectrometer collecting a first amount of light from the structure under measurement in response to the first amount of illumination and generating a first amount of spectral data indicative of a spectral response of the structure under measurement, wherein the first illuminator and the first spectrometer are configured in accordance with a first set of measurement system parameters; and
a fitting analysis module configured to estimate a value of one or more geometric parameters of interest associated with the structure under measurement based on a measurement model including an anisotropic model of an optical dispersion of the structure under measurement, the anisotropic model comprising a multidimensional tensor characterizing a dielectric permittivity of the structure, the multidimensional tensor having a plurality of scalar components, wherein a value of at least one of the plurality of scalar components is different from a value of another of the plurality of scalar components of the multidimensional tensor.

US Pat. No. 10,458,910

MICRO-LENS IMAGING MULTI-WELL TEST PLATE

1. A micro-lens imaging multi-well test plate that detects a refractive index n1 of at least one kind of fluid, comprising: a transparent plate with a thickness of 3 to 5 millimeters; one or more trapezoidal concave wells locating in the middle of the plate; and a micro-lens having an upper portion being a hemisphere and a lower portion being a cylinder attaching on the bottom of each trapezoidal concave well; said at least one kind of fluid is dropped to each trapezoidal concave well to submerse the respective micro-lens in the fluid in each trapezoidal concave well; said micro-lens is made of homogeneous optical transparent material having a refractive index n2 greater than the refractive index n1 of the fluid immersing the micro-lens, when an incident light illuminates the micro-lens, the micro-lens projects a round image with a black ring at an outer edge of the round image, wherein the black ring has an inner radius and an outer radius; said micro-lens is 0.1-1.0 mm in radius, 0.2-2.5 mm being a height of the cylinder of the micro-lens; with transparency >90%, optical finish; Ra 0.01-0.05; the refractive index n1 is obtained by calculation in which the inner radius of the black ring, the outer radius of the black ring, an angle of the incident light with respective to a spherical surface of the micro-lens, the height of the cylinder of the micro-lens, and a constant k being n1/n2, are variables.

US Pat. No. 10,458,909

MEMS OPTICAL SENSOR

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A micro electrical mechanical system (MEMS) optical sensor comprising:a fluid channel having an input portion, an output portion and a curved portion positioned between the input portion and the output portion;
a light source impinging on a first boundary of the curved portion and exiting from a second boundary of the curved channel;
a photodetector to record a light path of refraction of the light source exiting from the second boundary of the curved portion;
a processor to compute the refractive index of a fluid in the curved portion using the light path of refraction of the light source and compare the computed refractive index to a known refractive index for the fluid to determine a difference between the computed refractive index and the known refractive index.

US Pat. No. 10,458,907

INFRARED ANALYTICAL SENSOR FOR SOIL OR WATER AND METHOD OF OPERATION THEREOF

MAX-IR LABS, LLC, Dallas...

1. An infrared (IR) sensor, comprising:an IR light source;
an optical fiber configured to receive IR light from said IR light source;
a selective ion-exchange (IX) medium associated with said optical fiber, said IR light generating an evanescent field about said optical fiber as said IR light propagates therethrough, said selective IX medium configured to transport an ion species in a subject liquid about said optical fiber; and
an IR light detector configured to receive said IR light from said optical fiber, said ion species affecting said evanescent field and thereby a characteristic of said IR light.

US Pat. No. 10,458,906

METHOD FOR THE NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF A CASING

Safran Aircraft Engines, ...

1. A method for non-destructive testing of a heating of a part made from polymer material, the method comprising:a) carrying out a measurement by infrared spectroscopy at a region of said part to be tested and extracting therefrom test values comprising at least one selected from the group of absorbance values and transmittance values according to a spatial frequency;
b) from test values, determining an interval of spatial frequencies relating to an oxidation of a polymer of said region of the part; and
c) from the test values in said interval of spatial frequencies, determining a period of time during which said region of the part to be tested has been subjected to a given heating temperature and determining said given heating temperature, using a reference database comprising sample values including at least one selected from the group of absorbance measurements and transmittance measurements, the sample values established over a plurality of reference samples made from polymer material that have been subjected to a given temperature during a given period of time, both the given temperature and the given period of time varying among the plurality of reference samples so as to cover a plurality of periods of time and a plurality of temperatures.

US Pat. No. 10,458,905

GAS LEAK EMISSION QUANTIFICATION WITH A GAS CLOUD IMAGER

Rebellion Photonics, Inc....

1. An infrared (IR) imaging system for quantifying one or more parameters of a gas cloud, the imaging system comprising:an optical system including an optical focal plane array (FPA) unit, the optical system having components defining at least two optical channels thereof, said at least two optical channels being spatially and spectrally different from one another, each of the at least two optical channels positioned to transfer IR radiation incident on the optical system towards the optical FPA unit; and
a data-processing unit comprising one or more processors, said data-processing unit configured to acquire spectral optical data from the IR radiation received at the optical FPA unit,
wherein said data-processing unit is configured to determine absorption spectra data at one or more given pixels of a given frame by comparing spectral data for said one or more pixels of said frame with spectral data from one or more prior frames.

US Pat. No. 10,458,904

DIFFERENTIAL ABSORPTION LIDAR

1. A sensor system, comprising:a first light source assembly, wherein the first light source assembly is operable to output light at a first wavelength;
a second light source assembly, wherein the second light source assembly is operable to output light at a second wavelength, wherein the first wavelength is different than the second wavelength;
a combiner, wherein the light output from the first light source assembly and the light output from the second light source assembly are directed along a common path;
and
transmit optics, wherein the first light source assembly includes a first laser, wherein the first light source assembly further includes a first volume Bragg grating (VBG), wherein the first VBG receives light from the first laser and outputs light at the first wavelength, wherein the second light source assembly includes a second laser, wherein the second light source assembly further includes a second VBG, and wherein the second VBG receives light from the second laser and outputs light at the second wavelength.

US Pat. No. 10,458,903

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MONITORING A LEVEL OF A GASEOUS SPECIES OF INTEREST

Koninklijke Philips N.V.,...

1. A detector configured to monitor a level of a gaseous molecular species within a flow of breathable gas, the detector comprising:a first source configured to emit mid-infrared electromagnetic radiation;
a second source configured to emit near-infrared electromagnetic radiation;
source optics configured to combine mid-infrared electromagnetic radiation emitted by the first source and near-infrared electromagnetic radiation emitted by the second source into a coaxial beam, and to direct the coaxial beam across a flow path of a flow of breathable gas that communicates with an airway of a subject;
sensor optics configured to receive electromagnetic radiation in the coaxial beam that has traversed the flow path, and to divide the received electromagnetic radiation into first radiation that includes mid-infrared electromagnetic radiation and second radiation that includes near-infrared electromagnetic radiation;
a first radiation sensor configured to receive the first radiation, and to generate output signals conveying information related to a parameter of the mid-infrared electromagnetic radiation in the first radiation;
a second radiation sensor configured to receive the second radiation, and to generate output signals conveying information related to a parameter of the near-infrared electromagnetic radiation in the second radiation; and
a processor configured to determine a level of a gaseous molecular species within the flow of breathable gas in the flow path based on the output signals generated by the first radiation sensor and the second radiation sensor such that the output signals generated by the second radiation sensor are implemented to compensate optical loss through the flow path;
wherein the gaseous molecular species is carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, water vapor, or anesthetic gas.

US Pat. No. 10,458,902

ANALYSIS INSTRUMENT, ASSOCIATED SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Australian Sensing and In...

1. An analysis system for analyzing a sample, the analysis system comprising:a smart device;
a sample holder for holding the sample relative to the smart device, the sample holder including a component for spacing the sample from a camera or detector of the smart device by a predetermined distance; and
a mirror configured to divert light reflected off the sample, when held by the sample holder, toward a detecting plane of the camera or detector of the smart device, the detecting plane facing away from the sample holder;
wherein the system is configured to allow light from a light source to illuminate the sample and an image of at least a portion of the sample can be received by the camera or detector of the smart device and wherein the smart device is configured to analyse the image.

US Pat. No. 10,458,901

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUSLY MEASURING CHARACTERISTICS OF MOLECULAR JUNCTIONS AND REFRACTIVE INDEX OF BUFFER SOLUTION

Korea Research Institute ...

1. An apparatus for simultaneously measuring the characteristics of molecular junctions and the refractive index of a buffer solution comprising:a microchannel structure unit provided with
a substrate made of a support and one of a semiconductor or a dielectric material formed on the support, and
a cover of a prism structure fitted on the support, the prism structure having a bottom including a plurality of septums forming a microchannel;
a sample injector that injects a buffer solution containing a biomaterial sample into the microchannel to form an adsorption layer of the biomaterial sample on one of the semiconductor or dielectric material formed on the support;
a polarized light generator that irradiates incident light polarized through an incident surface of the prism structure onto the adsorption layer at an incident angle of a P-wave anti-reflection condition; and
a polarized light detector comprising a light detector and a polarizer that detects a change in polarization of reflected light off the adsorption layer,
wherein the irradiated incident light being configured to exit through a first boundary surface on the bottom of the prism structure through the microchannel and onto the adsorption layer, and the reflected light off the adsorption layer through the microchannel being configured to enter through a second boundary surface of the bottom of the prism structure for detection by the polarized light detector,
wherein the first and second boundary surfaces being substantially parallel to the adsorption layer of the biomaterial sample on one of the semiconductor or the dielectric material formed on the support.

US Pat. No. 10,458,900

GAS DETECTOR WITH NORMALIZED RESPONSE AND IMPROVED SENSITIVITY

HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL I...

1. A non-dispersive photoacoustic gas detector comprising:an infrared light source;
a first closed chamber, wherein the first closed chamber comprises a plurality of windows that are substantially transparent to infrared light from the infrared light source;
a second closed chamber, wherein the second closed chamber comprises at least one window that is substantially transparent to infrared light from the infrared light source,
wherein the first closed chamber is arranged in series with the second closed chamber between the infrared light source and the second closed chamber, wherein the first closed chamber comprises at least one sample gas,
wherein the second closed chamber comprises at least one reference gas, wherein the at least one reference gas comprises at least one of diborane or nitrous oxide or a combination thereof, and wherein the at least one reference gas absorbs infrared light in a different portion of the infrared spectrum than the at least one sample gas;
a first acoustic sensor in fluid communication with the first closed chamber; and
a second acoustic sensor in fluid communication with the second closed chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,458,899

METHOD AND OPTICAL DEVICE FOR MICROSCOPICALLY EXAMINING A MULTIPLICITY OF SPECIMENS

Leica Microsystems CMS Gm...

1. A method for microscopic investigation of a plurality of samples, characterized by the following steps:a. arranging the samples in a sample holder that is movable or is movable in a motorized or automatic fashion, relative to a sample illumination position in such a way that at least one of the samples is respectively successively positionable in the sample illumination position, a clearance for a deflection means respectively remaining adjacent to the sample that is currently located in the sample illumination position;
b. focusing a light stripe with an illumination objective;
c. deflecting the light stripe, once it has passed through the illumination objective, with the deflection means in such a way that the light stripe propagates at an angle different from zero degrees or at an angle greater than 10 degrees or at a right angle, with respect to the optical axis of the illumination objective, and has a focus in the sample illumination position; and
d. successively positioning the samples, retained with the sample holder, in the sample illumination position, and detecting a detected light emerging from the sample respectively located in the sample illumination position, wherein
e. the samples are held with the sample holder in at least one straight row; or
f. the samples are held with the sample holder in a curved row or in an annular row;
and wherein
g. a displacement apparatus is present with which the sample holder is displaceable in three different directions or in mutually orthogonal directions;
wherein the type of sample holder respectively being used is recognized automatically or in a software-controlled fashion; and the successive positioning of the samples in the illumination position is accomplished in consideration of the type that is recognized and/or using a position changing routine associated with the recognized type and/or stored in a software memory.

US Pat. No. 10,458,898

METHOD FOR PREDICTING FRICTIONAL RESISTANCE OF ROUGH SURFACE, AND APPARATUS FOR ESTIMATING SURFACE PERFORMANCE

CHUGOKU MARINE PAINTS, LT...

1. A method for predicting frictional resistance of a rough surface having a variation in roughness wavelength and being in contact with a fluid flowing at varied velocities, the method comprising:measuring roughness of the rough surface with a surface roughness meter,
determining a prominent peak projected area A of the rough surface, which is a total projected area of all prominent peaks standing out above a viscous sublayer thickness per unit area, based on the measured roughness of the rough surface; and
calculating a friction increase ratio FIR (%) using Equation (1) or a frictional resistance increase ?? using Equation (2):

wherein in Equation (1), the coefficient C is a constant dependent on the prominent peak projected area A and is predetermined by performing a frictional resistance test beforehand in which frictional resistances are measured with respect to a plurality of rough surfaces having different degree of roughness while changing a flow velocity V and friction increase ratios FIR (%) of the plurality of rough surfaces are calculated, wherein the friction increase ratios FIR (%) are percentages of differences ?r??0 between frictional resistances ?rof the plurality of rough surfaces and a frictional resistance ?0of a smooth surface, divided by ?0, and
in Equation (2), the coefficient Cr is a constant dependent on a fluid density ?, the prominent peak projected area A and the flow velocity V, and is predetermined from the relation of Equation (2) using values of frictional resistance increase ?? obtained beforehand by a frictional resistance test in which frictional resistances are measured with respect to a plurality of rough surfaces having different degree of roughness while changing a flow velocity V, wherein the values of frictional resistance increase ?? are differences ?r??0 between frictional resistances ?r of the plurality of rough surfaces and a frictional resistance ?0 of a smooth surface.

US Pat. No. 10,458,897

METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING BIOLOGICAL PARTICLES USING STACKS OF DEFOCUSED HOLOGRAPHIC IMAGES

1. A method for identifying biological particles from a stack of holographic images obtained by means of an optical system, the method comprising;obtaining said holographic images for a plurality of defocusing deviations relative to a focus plane, the defocusing deviations being taken along an optical axis of the optical system;
selecting a reference holographic image in the stack of holographic images as being an image closest to the focus plane;
selecting an image block from the reference holographic image, the selected image block including a biological particle of interest;
extracting from the holographic images other than the reference holographic image, a stack of image blocks corresponding to a position of the selected image block within the reference holographic image;
identifying a type of the biological particle of interest from the extracted stack of image blocks.

US Pat. No. 10,458,896

IMAGE FORMING CYTOMETER

1. An image cytometer, comprising:a first light source configured for emitting light with a wavelength less than 400 nm into a sample region;
a collimator for forming collimated light from the first light source and directing the collimated light along an optical axis of the cytometer and into the sample region;
a second light source comprising a first excitation light source configured for emitting excitation light into the sample region;
image forming means for forming at east one image of at east part of the sample region on an array of detection elements;
the sample region located between the collimator and the array of detection elements, the sample, region adjacent to the collimator such that the light that passes the sample region is collimated light;
wherein the image cytometer is operable in a bright-field mode, the bright-field mode being provided by having the light with a wavelength less than 400 nm into the sample region, the collimator adjacent to the sample region such that the light that passes the sample region is collimated light, so as to form the at least one image being a bright-field image.

US Pat. No. 10,458,895

PREDICTING RESPONSE TO PEMETREXED CHEMOTHERAPY IN NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER (NSCLC) WITH BASELINE COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY (CT) SHAPE AND TEXTURE FEATURES

Case Western Reserve Univ...

1. A non-transitory computer-readable storage device storing computer executable instructions that when executed by a computer control the computer to perform a method, the method comprising:accessing a pre-treatment radiological image of a region of tissue demonstrating cancerous pathology, where the radiological image includes a plurality of pixels, and where the radiological image includes an annotated region of interest (ROI) that defines a tumoral volume, where the tumoral volume includes a boundary;
defining a peritumoral volume based on the boundary, where the peritumoral volume is defined based on the tumoral volume boundary and a number of pixels or a distance, where the number of pixels is determined heuristically;
extracting a set of discriminative tumoral features from the tumoral volume;
extracting a set of discriminative peritumoral features from the peritumoral volume;
providing the set of discriminative tumoral features and the set of discriminative peritumoral features to a machine learning classifier;
receiving, from the machine learning classifier, a classification of the region of tissue, where the classification is based on the set of discriminative tumoral features and the set of discriminative peritumoral features; and
generating a personalized treatment plan based, at least in part, on the classification.

US Pat. No. 10,458,894

METHODS FOR MONITORING FLUID FLOW AND TRANSPORT IN SHALE GAS RESERVOIRS

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A method for analyzing a reservoir in a formation containing hydrocarbon fluid, comprising:collecting information characterizing the formation, said information collected from data obtained by at least one tool having interacted with the formation and processed to provide the information;
providing the information to a reservoir simulator incorporating a computational model of the formation that represents geological and fluid properties of the formation, the computational model including at least one equation representing transport of the hydrocarbon fluid through the formation using a permeability based on pore size and change in flow velocity over time; and
running the reservoir simulator to generate a solution for exploiting the formation, wherein the solution includes indications of at least one of the state of the reservoir and the state of the production of hydrocarbon fluid from the reservoir in the formation.

US Pat. No. 10,458,893

MINIATURIZED PARTICULATE MATTER DETECTOR AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF A FILTER

Industrial Technology Res...

1. A miniaturized particulate matter detector comprising:a filter having a plurality of holes;
a concentration detector correspondingly disposed under the filter, wherein the concentration detector has a detect area;
a first electrode having a plurality of discharge tips pointing at the concentration detector, the plurality of discharge tips being suitable for charging the miniaturized particulate matter; and
a second electrode, wherein the concentration detector is located between the first electrode and the second electrode, the first electrode and the second electrode are adapted to generate an electric field at least applied between the filter and the concentration detector, so as to drive the charged miniaturized particulate matter toward the concentration detector from the filter, and the charged miniaturized particulate matter is attached to the detect area of the concentration detector.

US Pat. No. 10,458,892

MICROFLUIDIC-BASED REAL-TIME DETECTOR FOR FINE PARTICULATE MATTER

The University of British...

1. An apparatus for monitoring particulate matter, the apparatus defining a fluid flow passage having an inlet and an outlet, a particle size selector in the fluid-flow passage between the inlet and the outlet, the particle size selector comprising a curve section in the fluid flow passage wherein a direction of flow of fluid flowing in the fluid flow passage is changed and an impact surface extending transversely to the fluid flow passage on an outside of the curve section and an accelerating nozzle immediately upstream from the curve section wherein the width of the fluid flow passage is reduced in the accelerating nozzle;a particle counter located downstream from the particle size selector; and
a pump connected to drive a flow of a fluid containing the particulate matter through the fluid flow passage.

US Pat. No. 10,458,891

IN VITRO METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ANALYSING THE BEHAVIOUR OF SUBSTANCES IN SIMULATED PHYSIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT

Hoffmann-La Roche Inc., ...

1. An in vitro method for analyzing the behaviour of substances in simulated physiological environment, the method comprising the steps of:providing a first fluid, a gel matrix and a second fluid;
separating the first fluid and the gel matrix by at least one first semi-permeable membrane;
separating the gel matrix and the second fluid by at least one second semi-permeable membrane;
injecting a substance into the first fluid;
letting the substance migrate from the first fluid through the at least one first semi-permeable membrane, through the gel matrix, through the at least one second semi-permeable membrane and into the second fluid; and
determining clearance of the substance from the first fluid, wherein the first fluid is vitreous humor and the second fluid is a buffer solution.

US Pat. No. 10,458,890

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETERMINING THE WEAR PROPERTIES OF COATED FLAT PRODUCTS BY MEANS OF BENDING

ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe...

1. A method for determining wear properties of coated flat products comprising:determining a thickness and a strength of a coated flat product,
selecting at least one bending parameter for bending the coated flat product with a bending device according to set criteria, wherein the set criteria is based on information concerning at least one of the thickness and the strength of the coated flat product to be bent,
bending the coated flat product in the bending device according to the at least one selected bending parameter, thereby creating wear of the coated flat product, and
analysing the wear properties based on the wear of the coated flat product in a predetermined manner,
wherein the set criteria is a bending load applied to the coated flat product that is a predetermined percentage of a bending strength of the coated flat product such that wear properties of the coating of the coated flat product are determined exclusive of any effect of the thickness and the strength of the coated flat product,
wherein the bending load is 75-99% of the bending strength of the coated flat product,
wherein an adhesive is affixed to the coated flat product, prior to the bending of the coated flat product, to receive at least part of the wear of the coated flat product, wherein the adhesive, together with part of the wear adhering to the adhesive, is removed from the coated flat product and analysed to determine the wear properties of the coated flat product, and
wherein the bending device comprises a rotatable turret head supporting a plurality of bending tools and a respective one of the plurality of bending tools used for the bending can be changed between at least two bending processes by rotation of the turret head.

US Pat. No. 10,458,889

DETECTING MACHINE FOR A YIELD RATE OF BRISTLES OF A TOOTHBRUSH AND DETECTING METHOD FOR BRISTLES OF A TOOTHBRUSH

ACUMEN CO., LTD., New Ta...

1. A detecting machine for a yield rate of bristles of a toothbrush, the detecting machine comprising:a power device; and
two rotating units rotatably mounted on a side surface of the power device, disposed parallel to each other, and being capable of being driven by the power device to rotate respectively, wherein an outer surface of each one of the two rotating units is a smooth surface;
wherein when each one of the two rotating units is in a rotating condition, the two rotating units rotate in opposite rotating directions, a tuft of the bristles of the toothbrush is moved to a position between the two rotating units, and the outer surfaces of the two rotating units jointly compress the tuft of bristles.

US Pat. No. 10,458,888

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR EXAMINING EGGS

Katholieke Universiteit L...

1. A non-destructive method for determining resistance to cracking of an intact egg, the method comprising:providing the intact egg;
determining, via a curvature meter, a curvature of an eggshell of said intact egg;
determining, via a central processing unit, a shell thickness said eggshell of said intact egg;
determining, via a central processing unit, a tensile stress developed in an eggshell of said intact egg at a predetermined load;
determining, via a central processing unit, an elasticity of said eggshell;
determining, via a central processing unit, a resistance to cracking parameter based on a ratio R of said tensile stress developed in said eggshell of said intact egg and said elasticity of said eggshell; and
sorting a plurality of intact eggs based in the resistance to cracking parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,458,887

METHOD OF SAMPLE PREPARATION FOR MALDI AND AUTOMATED SYSTEM THEREFOR

Becton, Dickinson and Com...

1. A method for preparing a biological sample for evaluation by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time of Flight mass spectrometry the method comprising:picking a biological sample from a colony of a microorganism disposed on a culture plate;
diluting the biological sample to form a diluted sample;
measuring a turbidity of the diluted sample;
applying a first aliquot of the diluted sample to a surface adapted to deliver a sample to a device configured to perform mass spectrometry;
drying the first aliquot of the diluted sample;
applying a second aliquot of the sample over the first, dried aliquot;
drying the second aliquot of the diluted sample;
applying a matrix over the dried first and second aliquots of diluted sample, the matrix adapted for use in the mass spectrometer; and
performing mass spectrometry on the sample;
wherein, if the measured turbidity of the diluted sample is about 1 to about 2 McFarland, the first aliquot is about 3 ?l and the second aliquot is about 3 ?l;
wherein, if the measured turbidity of the diluted sample is about 0.5 to less than about 1 McFarland, the first aliquot of the diluted sample is about 3 ?l, the second aliquot of the diluted sample is about 3 and wherein the method further comprises applying a third aliquot of about 3 ?l of the diluted sample over the dried first and second aliquots of the diluted sample and drying the third aliquot of the diluted sample, prior to the application of the matrix; and
wherein if the measure turbidity of the diluted sample is about 0.25 to less than about 0.5 McFarland, the first aliquot of the diluted sample is about 3 ?l, the second aliquot of the diluted sample is about 3 ?l, and wherein the method further comprises applying a third aliquot of about 3 ?l of the diluted sample over the dried first and second aliquots of the diluted sample, drying the third aliquot of the diluted sample, applying a fourth aliquot of about 3 ?l of the diluted sample over the dried first, second and third aliquots of the diluted sample, and drying the fourth aliquot of diluted sample, prior to the application of the matrix.

US Pat. No. 10,458,886

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS SAMPLING OF MATERIAL AT MULTIPLE DEPTHS

1. A sampling apparatus, the apparatus comprising:one or more support structures having a first end and a second end, wherein the second end and at least a portion of the one or more support structures are configured for immersion within molten material;
two or more sampling molds operatively coupled to the one or more support structures and configured for immersion within the molten material; and
wherein the sampling apparatus is configured for operative coupling with a gas source in order to pressurize the sampling apparatus with a gas to prevent premature capture of the molten material samples in the two or more sampling molds and to capture the molten material samples in the two or more sampling molds at the same time when the gas source supply is stopped.

US Pat. No. 10,458,885

RAPID DESORBER HEATING AND COOLING FOR TRACE DETECTION

Rapiscan Systems, Inc., ...

9. A system for detecting a substance of interest within a sample, the system comprising:a desorber comprising a housing, an inlet integrated into the housing and configured to receive the sample, a heating element integrated into the housing and configured to generate heat that releases a vapor from the sample, an internal cooling element positioned within the housing and configured to cool the heating element and an internal portion of the desorber, and an external cooling element integrated into the housing and configured to cool an external portion of the desorber, wherein the internal cooling element and the external cooling element are operable simultaneously or sequentially, and wherein the internal cooling element and external cooling element comprise at least one of a fan, a pump, a thermal electric cooler, a compression refrigeration cycle, or an absorption refrigeration cycle; and
an analysis device configured to screen the vapor for the substance of interest.

US Pat. No. 10,458,884

VEHICLE CLOSURE CYCLING DEVICE AND METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle closure cycling device, comprising:a stationary fixture;
a control line extending between a latch handle of a vehicle closure and a pulley;
a first actuator mounted on said fixture in a vertical orientation with the control line passing over the pulley, said first actuator displaceable to open the vehicle closure;
a second actuator mounted on said fixture and displaceable to close the vehicle closure at a predetermined closing speed;
a controller configured to cycle said first actuator and said second actuator in sequence to repeatedly open and close the vehicle closure; and
a fluid source providing fluid pressure to the first actuator through a first flow control valve and said fluid source providing fluid pressure to the second actuator through a second flow control valve, said second control valve responsive to said controller whereby fluid pressure to said second actuator is adjusted as necessary in order to close the vehicle closure at said predetermined closing speed.

US Pat. No. 10,458,883

PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING TYRES, IN A PROCESS AND PLANT FOR MANUFACTURING TYRES FOR VEHICLE WHEELS

PIRELLI TYRE S.P.A., Mil...

1. An apparatus for controlling tyres, each tyre having a main rotation axis, comprising at least one control station, wherein said at least one control station comprises:a base;
a rotating table mounted on the base so as to be able to rotate around a respective vertical rotation axis, wherein the rotating table comprises an abutment portion lying in a plane substantially horizontal and perpendicular to said vertical rotation axis and configured for receiving and supporting a sidewall of a tyre to be controlled, and wherein the abutment portion is movable in said plane that is substantially horizontal with respect to the vertical rotation axis according to two directions belonging to said substantially horizontal plane;
at least one control device operatively active at the rotating table;
a movement device configured for rotating the rotating table around said vertical rotation axis;
at least one actuator operatively connected to the abutment portion in order to move said abutment portion according to said two directions;
a detection device configured for detecting a shift on said substantially horizontal plane between the vertical rotation axis and the main axis of the tyre; and
an electronic management unit operatively connected to the detection device and to said at least one actuator, wherein the electronic management unit is configured for driving the actuator and moving the abutment portion according to at least one of said two directions as a function of the detected shift, in order to render such shift less than a pre-established value.

US Pat. No. 10,458,882

ELEMENT PROVIDED WITH PORTION FOR POSITION DETERMINATION AND MEASURING METHOD

NALUX CO., LTD., Osaka-s...

1. A method for measuring a position of a target surface provided with portions for position determination thereon, wherein a diffuse reflectance of the target surface is 0.1% or less, and a diffuse reflectance of the portions for position determination is 5% or more, andwherein the target surface is configured such that a normal to a tangential plane at any point on the target surface where each of the portions for position determination is installed forms an arbitrary angle between 15 degrees and 75 degrees inclusive with a certain direction,
the method including the steps of:
illuminating the target surface with parallel light in the certain direction;
determining positions of border lines of the plural portions for position determination from an image of the target surface; and
determining the position of the target surface from the positions of the border lines of the plural portions for position determination.

US Pat. No. 10,458,881

PIPE EVALUATION METHOD, MEASUREMENT DEVICE, AND PIPE EVALUATION SYSTEM

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPO...

1. An evaluation method for evaluating a remaining strength of a pipe, the evaluation method comprising:applying a load to an inner face of the pipe in a first direction;
detecting a deformation amount of the pipe in a second direction which is different from the first direction; and
evaluating a remaining strength of the pipe on the basis of relationship between the load and the deformation amount, wherein
the remaining strength of the pipe is evaluated in a state where the pipe is buried in soil.

US Pat. No. 10,458,880

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR LEAK DETECTION IN AN IRRIGATION SYSTEM

14. A method for operating a multi-zone sprinkler system including a main valve coupled between a water source line and a feed line, an adjustable valve disposed in a bypass line around the main valve from the water source line to the feed line, a plurality of zone valves each coupled to the feed line, and a pressure sensor disposed in the feed line indicating a pressure in the feed line, the method comprising:determining an initial static pressure with the main valve open and all zone valves closed;
with the main valve open, independently opening each zone valve to determine a respective initial operating pressure for each zone;
selecting a zone as a selected zone based on the respective initial operating pressures, and recording a test factor for each zone as a proportion of the respective initial operating pressure for each zone to the initial operating pressure of the selected zone;
with the main valve closed and the zone valve for the selected zone open, adjusting the adjustable valve to a partially closed state until the pressure in the feed line is at a selected proportion of the initial static pressure;
performing leak detection for each zone by:
determining a current static pressure;
with the main valve closed and the adjustable valve in the partially closed state, independently opening each zone valve to determine a respective test pressure; and
determining a leak in a given zone when the respective test pressure for the given zone is lower than a multiplicative product of the current static pressure, selected proportion of the initial static pressure, and the test fact for the given zone.

US Pat. No. 10,458,879

LEAK TESTING METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR USE WITH HEAT EXCHANGERS

Proactive Analytics Limit...

1. A method of testing for leaks in a heat exchanger having separate first and second flow paths in mutual heat exchange relationship, both of said flow paths having two open ends, which method includes:closing said open ends of the first flow path to pressure-seal the first flow path;
connecting a high pressure fluid source with the first flow path to increase the pressure therein;
maintaining a low pressure in the second flow path relative to the first flow path;
connecting a volumetric sensor to one of the first and second flow paths constituting a monitored flow path, said volumetric sensor having a sensing chamber arranged to receive fluid from the monitored flow path;
connecting a further fluid source to the sensing chamber of the volumetric sensor; and
monitoring the volumetric sensor for any change in fluid volume in the sensing chamber thereof caused by leakage of fluid from the first flow path.

US Pat. No. 10,458,878

POSITION DETERMINATION DEVICE, LEAK DETECTION SYSTEM, POSITION DETERMINATION METHOD, AND COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM

NEC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A position determination device comprising:at least one processor configured to act as:
a feature amount extraction unit configured to extract feature amounts relating to detected pipe vibrations respectively based on the pipe vibrations detected by detection units; and
a measurement position determination unit configured to determine measurement positions of at least two of the detection units based on the feature amounts, wherein
the measurement position determination unit sets positions at which the detection unit detects the vibrations as the measurement positions when each of the feature amounts satisfies a predetermined condition relating to a similarity of vibration waveforms associated with the feature amounts.

US Pat. No. 10,458,877

WATER LEAK DETECTION SYSTEMS FOR FLAT COMMERCIAL ROOF STRUCTURES

Molex, LLC, Lisle, IL (U...

1. A water leak detection system for use in connection with flat commercial roof structures, comprising:an insulation board assembly, with a flat top and bottom surface and four side surfaces, fixedly secured to the flat commercial roof structure;
a water detection sensor strip having a pair of separate electrical circuits fixedly secured thereon and spaced apart from each other by means of a predetermined gap so as to thereby define a normally open electrical circuit upon said water detection sensor strip, said water detection sensor strip being fixedly secured to at least two side surfaces of said insulation board assembly;
an electrical power source electrically connected to said normally open electrical circuit defined upon said water detection sensor strip; and
a control station electrically connected to said normally open electrical circuit defined upon said water detection sensor strip for receiving a water detection signal, from said normally open electrical circuit defined upon said water detection sensor strip, which is generated from said normally open electrical circuit defined upon said water detection sensor strip when water migrates into said gap defined between said pair of separate electrical circuits so as to effectively bridge said gap and thereby close said normally open electrical circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,458,876

WATER DETECTION ASSEMBLY

HS Labs, Inc., San Anton...

1. A water detection device, comprising:a water-activated battery configured to supply an electrical voltage upon contact with water;
a device housing configured to receive the water-activated battery and one or more first electronic components, wherein the device housing comprises a plurality of ports that are configured to facilitate insertion and removal of the one or more first electronic components; and
a modular housing disposed in a first port of the plurality of ports of the device housing, wherein the modular housing comprises one or more second electronic components communicatively coupled to the water-activated battery via the one or more first electronic components, such that the water-activated battery, upon contact with water, supplies the electrical voltage via the one or more first electronic components to the one or more second electronic components.

US Pat. No. 10,458,875

HOLDING DEVICE FOR A RIM OF A VEHICLE WHEEL

SNAP-ON EQUIPMENT SRL A U...

1. A holding device for a rim of a vehicle wheel, comprising:a base plate having a central through hole for sliding onto a shaft of a balancing machine;
a plurality of retaining elements rotatably mounted on the base plate, each including a rotatable base portion and a retaining portion mounted on the rotatable base portion;
a synchronization element configured to synchronize the rotation of the retaining elements, and rotatably provided on the base plate; and
a locking element for locking a rotational position of at least one of the plurality of retaining elements or the synchronization element,
wherein the plurality of retaining elements and the synchronization element respectively include coupling portions for form-fitting coupling of the rotational movement of the plurality of retaining elements and the synchronization element, and
wherein at least one of the plurality of retaining elements includes an elastic coupling portion configured to bias the coupling portion of the at least one of the plurality of retaining elements towards the synchronization element, for ensuring the form-fitting coupling of the synchronization element and the at least one of the plurality of retaining elements, the elastic coupling portion fixedly attached to the rotatable base portion and the coupling portion of the at least one of the plurality of retaining elements and configured to transfer torque between the rotatable base portion and the coupling portion of the at least one of the plurality of retaining elements.

US Pat. No. 10,458,874

PRESSURE DIFFERENCE SENSOR FOR PROVIDING A PRESSURE MEASUREMENT SIGNAL

1. A pressure difference sensor for providing a pressure measurement signal, comprising:a pressure difference measuring cell, which is suppliable with first and second pressures and which has a transducer, which outputs the pressure measurement signal as a function of a difference between the first and second pressures;
a first ceramic stiffening element, which is joined with said pressure difference measuring cell and which has a first duct, via which the first pressure is suppliable to said pressure difference measuring cell;
a second ceramic stiffening element, which is joined with said pressure difference measuring cell and which has a second duct, via which the second pressure is suppliable to said pressure difference measuring cell;
a platform with first and second pressure input openings, each of which extends from a first surface to a second surface of said platform, wherein said pressure input openings are sealed on the first surface, each with its own isolating diaphragm;
a first pressure tube, which with a first end communicates with said first pressure input opening and which is pressure tightly connected with said platform, wherein said first pressure tube with a second end is pressure tightly connected with said first stiffening element at a first connecting area; and
a second pressure tube, which with a first end communicates with said second pressure input opening and which is pressure tightly connected with said platform, wherein said second pressure tube with a second end is pressure tightly connected with said second stiffening element at a second connecting area, wherein:
said first pressure tube has at least one bend in a region between the second surface of said platform and the first connecting area of the corresponding pressure tube; and
said second pressure tube has at least one bend in a region between the second surface of said platform and the second connecting area of the corresponding pressure tube.

US Pat. No. 10,458,873

PRESSURE SENSOR

Kistler Holding AG, Wint...

1. A pressure sensor for long-term monitoring of a pressure in a cylinder of a marine diesel engine for an ocean-going ship, the pressure sensor comprising:a sensor that is configured to generate signals under the action of a pressure profile in the cylinder, the sensor defining a sensing end and a signaling end spaced apart along a longitudinal axis from the sensing end, wherein the sensing end is configured for exposure to the action of the pressure profile in the cylinder;
an evaluation unit including an electric circuit board that defines a proximal end and a distal end spaced apart at least 60 mm along the longitudinal axis from the proximal end, the evaluation unit including electronic components that are mounted on the electric circuit board, wherein the electric circuit board includes a base material that is electrically insulating with a specific volume resistance of at least 1015 ?cm at room temperature;
an electrode arrangement that is metallic and that elongates along the longitudinal axis between a first end and a second end, the first end of the electrode arrangement being electrically connected to the signaling end of the sensor, and the second end of the electrode arrangement being electrically connected to the proximal end of the electric circuit board;
wherein the magnitude of the thermal coefficient of linear expansion of both the electrode arrangement and the base material of the electric circuit board is in the range of 10 to 18 ppm/° C.;
wherein the electric circuit board defines a normal temperature region that begins at 80% of the distance from the proximal end to the distal end and ends at the distal end of the electric circuit board; and
wherein the electronic components of the evaluation unit are mounted only in the normal temperature region of the electric circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,458,872

ELECTRONIC PRESSURE SENSOR FOR MEASUREMENT OF PRESSURE IN A FLUID MEDIA

FLO TECHNOLOGIES, INC., ...

1. An electronic pressure sensor, comprising:a housing comprising a distal end configured to be exposed to a flow of a fluid media to be measured, the distal end opposite a proximal end, wherein the proximal end is configured not to be exposed to the fluid media;
a chamber disposed within the housing, a chamber volume defined by a chamber cross sectional area extending along a chamber length;
a passageway disposed within the housing, a passageway volume defined by a passageway cross sectional area extending along a passageway length, the passageway length connected at one end to the chamber and connected at another end to an opening disposed at the distal end of the housing, wherein the opening is configured to be in fluidic communication with the fluid media;
wherein the chamber cross sectional area is larger than the passageway cross sectional area;
a pressure sensor disposed within the chamber;
a first temperature sensor disposed within the chamber; and
a viscous gel disposed within the chamber, the viscous gel separating on a first side both the pressure sensor and the first temperature sensor apart from the passageway on a second side of the viscous gel.

US Pat. No. 10,458,871

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MEASURING THE PRESSURE INSIDE A PIPE OR CONTAINER

1. An apparatus for measuring the internal pressure of a pipe or container, comprising:an acoustical transmitter mounted on a wall of said pipe or container,
a signal generator connected to said transmitter and which is adapted to provide a signal to the transmitter,
a first receiver mounted on said pipe or container at a distance from the transmitter,
a second receiver mounted on the pipe or container at a further distance from the transmitter,
a processing unit connected to said first and second receiver, the processing unit being adapted to measure the travel time of an acoustical signal propagating from the first to the second receiver in the wall and determine the pressure inside the pipe or container from said travel time.

US Pat. No. 10,458,870

PRESSURE SENSOR WITH REAL TIME HEALTH MONITORING AND COMPENSATION

MKS Instruments, Inc., A...

1. A pressure sensor for measuring gas or liquid pressure comprising:a chamber having an inlet that receives the gas or liquid;
a flexible diaphragm within the chamber that has a surface that is exposed to the gas or liquid after it flows through the inlet;
a pressure sensor system that senses changes in the flexible diaphragm caused by changes in the pressure of the gas or liquid;
a pressure-insensitive sensor system that senses changes in the flexible diaphragm not caused by changes in the pressure of the gas or liquid and that is insensitive to changes in the flexible diaphragm caused by changes in the pressure of the gas or liquid, wherein the pressure-insensitive sensor system comprises a local sensor at a pressure-insensitive location on or within the flexible diaphragm that experiences changes, but not in response to changes in the pressure of the gas or liquid; and
a life measurement system that provides information indicative of a projected remaining life of the pressure sensor system based on changes to the flexible diaphragm sensed by the pressure-insensitive sensor system.

US Pat. No. 10,458,869

PROCESS PRESSURE TRANSMITTER WITH SEAL HAVING DIAMOND LIKE CARBON COATING

ROSEMOUNT INC., Chanhass...

1. A process pressure transmitter system, comprising:a process pressure transmitter housing;
a process pressure sensor in the process pressure transmitter housing;
a flange face in the process pressure transmitter housing;
an isolation diaphragm on the flange face;
a first capillary passageway which carries a first fill fluid from the isolation diaphragm to the process pressure sensor;
a process seal diaphragm configured to couple to a process fluid of the industrial process;
a second capillary passageway which carries a second fill fluid from the process seal diaphragm to the isolation diaphragm;
a diamond like carbon (DLC) coating applied to an interior surface of the diaphragm which coats the process seal diaphragm; and
an intermediary layer between the diamond like carbon coating and the process seal diaphragm which provides a transition layer having a coefficient of thermal expansion which is between a coefficient of thermal expansion of the diamond like carbon coating and a coefficient of thermal expansion of the process seal diaphragm.

US Pat. No. 10,458,868

BICYCLE CRANK ARM ASSEMBLY

Shimano Inc., Osaka (JP)...

1. A bicycle crank arm assembly comprising:a bicycle crank arm including a pedal shaft joint part configured to be joined to a pedal shaft, the bicycle crank arm being configured to be rotatable about an axis of a crank spindle;
a first detecting circuit configured to detect a force acting in a first direction when a load is applied to the bicycle crank arm through the pedal shaft, the first direction being a direction of a tangent at the pedal shaft to an imaginary circle about the axis of the crank spindle;
a second detecting circuit configured to detect a force acting in a second direction when the load is applied to the bicycle crank arm through the pedal shaft, the second direction being a direction parallel to a radial direction of the imaginary circle about the axis of the crank spindle; and
a third detecting circuit configured to detect a moment acting about an axis intersecting with the crank spindle and the pedal shaft of the bicycle crank arm when the load is applied to the bicycle crank arm through the pedal shaft,
the bicycle crank arm including an attachment surface intersecting with the axis of the crank spindle, the attachment surface facing a vehicle width direction,
the first detecting circuit including at least one first strain sensor mounted to the attachment surface,
the second detecting circuit including at least one second strain sensor mounted to the attachment surface, and
the third detecting circuit including at least one third strain sensor mounted to the attachment surface.

US Pat. No. 10,458,867

FORCE DETECTING DEVICE AND ROBOT

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A force detecting device comprising: an installed member that is attached on an installing face and a force sensor main unit fixed on a top face of the installed member,wherein, in the case where the installing face on which the installed member is attached is horizontal, the installed member includes a plate-shaped or brim-shaped first portion having the top face on a top end side thereof and extending at least in a horizontal direction, a second portion extending at least downward from a bottom face side of the first portion, and a third portion extending at least in the horizontal direction from the second portion and fixed to the installing face, and
wherein a gap in a top-down direction is formed between the first portion and the third portion.

US Pat. No. 10,458,866

METHODS OF MANUFACTURING DEVICES FOR STATIC AND DYNAMIC BODY MEASUREMENTS

Nextiles Inc., Culver Ci...

1. A method of fabricating a sensor for static and dynamic body measurements, comprising:providing a first layer serving as a flexible support material;
disposing a second layer on the first layer, the second layer serving as a sensing material;
disposing a third layer on the second layer, the third layer comprising an insulating material;
coupling the second layer and the third layer using a first electrode comprising a first conductive thread and a first non-conductive thread, the first conductive thread embedded in the second layer, wherein the first conductive thread and the first non-conductive thread are used together in a spool, sewing needle, top thread, bobbin, and/or combinations thereof to form the first electrode; and
coupling the first layer and the second layer using a second electrode comprising a second conductive thread and a second non-conductive thread, the second conductive thread embedded in the second layer, wherein the second conductive thread and the second non-conductive thread are used together in a spool, sewing needle, top thread, bobbin, and/or combinations thereof to form the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,458,865

MULTI-AXIS PIEZORESISTIVE FORCE SENSOR

KOC Universitesi, Istanb...

1. A microelectromechanical system (MEMS) sensor device comprising: a microelectromechanical system sensor to characterize intracellular dynamics and behavior of a living biological cell so as to quantitatively measure a mechanical stiffness and a strength thereof, said microelectromechanical system sensor responsive to mechanical force changes during said living biological cell's contraction, migration, proliferation and differentiation;said microelectromechanical system (MEMS) sensor comprising an interaction platform in a form of a mechano-sensitive platform configured to have direct contact with said living biological cell and to measure forces generated by said living biological cell by way of measuring displacements of said interaction platform, wherein said interaction platform is a rectangular planar surface medium, an edge of which is connected with at least two strain-sensitive nanoscale elements in the form of piezoresistive nanowires, wherein said interaction platform is suspended by retaining springs extending between the edge of the interaction platform and a respective anchor associated with said edge; and,
said microelectromechanical system (MEMS) sensor comprises strain-sensitive nanoscale elements in a form of electromechanical transducer elements configured to sense mechanical force applied by said cell in direct contact with said mechano-sensitive platform.

US Pat. No. 10,458,864

INDEXABLE STRAIN SENSOR

Facebook Technologies, LL...

1. A wearable deformation sensing device comprising:a substrate; and
a circuit comprising:
a first conductive element on a first side of the substrate comprising a plurality of conductive joints and a plurality of resolving elements, each conductive joint corresponds to a segment of the first conductive element that is separated from another conductive joint by a resolving element; and
a second conductive element on a second side of the substrate, wherein a stimulus signal applied to the circuit results in a capacitance between a conductive joint of the first conductive element and the second conductive element for each segment, and wherein each segment is configured to output a unique response signal to the stimulus signal based on a location of the segment on the first conductive element.

US Pat. No. 10,458,863

HYBRID VIRTUAL LOAD MONITORING SYSTEM AND METHOD

SIKORSKY AIRCRAFT CORPORA...

1. A method for monitoring loads in a system having a plurality of components including a target component, the method comprising:obtaining an input state parameter of the system;
receiving a physical sensor signal from a physical sensor monitoring at least one of the components in the system, wherein the physical sensor signal varies more quickly than the input state parameter, and contains more dynamic content than the input state parameter; and
providing during equipment operation the physical sensor signal and the input state parameter as inputs to a hybrid virtual sensor estimation model after a model training phase in which the hybrid virtual sensor estimation model is created and trained utilizing at least one training physical sensor, the at least one training physical sensor not being utilized during the equipment operation;
wherein the hybrid virtual sensor estimation model outputs a plurality of virtual sensor signals based on the inputs, and each of the virtual sensor signals represents an estimate of a load or response being experienced at a different respective location on one or more of the plurality of components, including the target component.

US Pat. No. 10,458,862

FIBER GRATING SENSOR INSERT, IMPLANTING SYSTEM AND METHOD OF INTELLIGENT PLASTIC PIPE

SHANDONG UNIVERSITY, Jin...

1. A system for implanting a strip-shaped insert of fiber grating sensors, the system comprising:a barrel body with an accommodating cavity arranged therein;
a rotary propulsion component sleeved in the accommodating cavity;
a drive motor connected to the rotary propulsion component;
an extrusion head arranged on one side of the barrel body and having an extrusion die cavity formed therein that communicates with the accommodating cavity, the extrusion die cavity also communicating with a conveying passage that is arranged on the extrusion head and obliquely extends outward; and
a conveying element that is for conveying the strip-shaped insert of fiber grating sensors and that is arranged on an outer side of the conveying passage so that the strip-shaped insert of fiber grating sensors is subjected to extrusion molding together with a plastic raw material in the extrusion die cavity, wherein
the strip-shaped insert of fiber grating sensors comprises (a) a temperature fiber grating sensor, (b) a strain fiber grating sensor, (c) reinforcing fibers, and (d) matrix resin; and
an extrusion opening die is arranged at a front end of the extrusion head.

US Pat. No. 10,458,861

NON-CONTACT TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT BY DUAL-WAVELENGTH SHIFT IN BREWSTER'S ANGLE

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. A temperature monitoring system, comprising:a housing and a window defining an interior volume;
two or more light sources placed to project two or more light beams along substantially the same optical path and disposed in the interior volume, beneath the window, wherein a first light source of the two or more light sources has a first wavelength and a second light source of the two or more light sources has a second wavelength;
a camera disposed opposite the two or more light sources, wherein the camera is positioned to capture a plurality of frames of the two or more light beams from the two or more light sources, and the camera is coupled to a controller that determines a temperature of a substrate based on the wavelengths of the two or more light beams captured by the camera; and
a polarizer disposed in an optical path of the two or more light beams.

US Pat. No. 10,458,860

CAPACITIVE TEMPERATURE SENSING FOR ELECTRICAL CONDUCTOR

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

1. A temperature-sensing apparatus for sensing a temperature of an electrical conductor enclosed in at least a (semi)conductive layer, the apparatus comprising:a temperature sensitive capacitor, the temperature sensitive capacitor comprising a capacitor body and at least two electrodes arranged in an interdigitated configuration and supported by the capacitor body, at least a portion of the capacitor body comprising one or more temperature-sensitive dielectric materials that have a dielectric constant varying with temperature, and the electrodes being disposed in proximity to the temperature-sensitive dielectric materials,
wherein the capacitor body is disposed in thermal contact with the electrical conductor, and the capacitance of the temperature sensitive capacitor is variable with the temperature of the electrical conductor,
wherein the capacitor body has a ring-shape structure with an inner surface and an outer surface, and
wherein the capacitor body surrounds the electrical conductor, and the capacitor body comprises an elastic material that is flexible and deformable to have the inner surface thereof compress against and be in thermal contact with a circumferential surface of the electrical conductor, and the electrodes are disposed on the outer surface of the capacitor body or embedded into the capacitor body.

US Pat. No. 10,458,859

TEMPERATURE DETECTION DEVICE

YOUNG OPTICS INC., Hsinc...

1. A temperature detection device, comprising:a circuit board;
a temperature sensor disposed on the circuit board and overlapped with a light source module, the temperature sensor and the light source module forming a heat conduction path;
at least one signal transmission line connected to the circuit board to output a sensing signal of the temperature sensor; and
a heat conductive medium disposed between the temperature sensor and a light source of the light source module and in contact with the temperature sensor and the light source.

US Pat. No. 10,458,858

MICROMACHINED THERMISTOR

SiTime Corporation, Sant...

1. An integrated circuit package comprising:a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) die having a MEMS resonator and a thermistor disposed in a coplanar configuration within a silicon layer; and
an integrated circuit die mounted to the MEMS die in a stacked-die configuration and having
temperature measurement circuitry electrically coupled to the thermistor to generate a temperature signal indicative of operating temperature of the MEMS resonator, and
clock generation circuitry electrically coupled to the temperature measurement circuitry and the MEMS die to receive therefrom, respectively, the temperature signal and a reference clock signal indicative of resonant motion of the MEMS resonator and having circuitry to generate a temperature-compensated output clock signal having a frequency in accordance with the temperature signal and a frequency of the reference clock signal.

US Pat. No. 10,458,857

ACCURATE ON-CHIP TEMPERATURE SENSING USING THERMAL OSCILLATOR

Advanced Micro Devices, I...

1. A calibrated temperature sensor comprising:a power on oscillator responsive to a calibration enable signal for providing a power on clock signal;
a temperature dependent oscillator responsive to said calibration enable signal for providing a temperature dependent clock signal; and
a measurement logic circuit for counting a first number of pulses of said temperature dependent clock signal during a first calibration period using said power on clock signal, a second number of pulses of said temperature dependent clock signal during a second calibration period using a system clock signal, a third number of pulses of said power on clock signal over a third calibration period using said system clock signal, and a fourth number of pulses of said temperature dependent clock signal using said system clock signal during a normal operation mode, wherein said first calibration period precedes both said second and said third calibration periods.

US Pat. No. 10,458,856

VOLTAGE AND TEMPERATURE SENSOR FOR A SERIALIZER/DESERIALIZER COMMUNICATION APPLICATION

INPHI CORPORATION, Santa...

1. A method comprising:measuring a first temperature on an integrated circuit using a temperature sensor;
determining a first reference value for the integrated circuit at the first temperature, the reference value based on a first delay electrical characteristic;
measuring a second delay electrical characteristic for the integrated circuit;
determining a second reference value for the integrated circuit based on the second delay electrical characteristic and a second temperature;
determining a gain value from the first reference value and the second reference value;
generating a line equation using the gain value;
measuring a third delay electrical characteristic comprising a differential signal from a delay core; and
determining a third temperature using the third delay electrical characteristic and the line equation.

US Pat. No. 10,458,855

TEMPERATURE SENSOR BELT

Illinois Tool Works Inc.,...

1. A temperature sensor belt comprising:at least one temperature sensor disposed on the temperature sensor belt, wherein the at least one temperature sensor is configured to provide an indication representative of a temperature of a workpiece while a welding operation, cutting operation, grinding operation, or heating operation is performed on the workpiece;
a support material disposed over the at least one temperature sensor, wherein the support material is configured to support the at least one temperature sensor on the temperature sensor belt; and
an insulative material at least partially surrounding the at least one temperature sensor, wherein the insulative material is configured to thermally insulate the at least one temperature sensor and wherein the at least one temperature sensor is capable of detecting temperatures of at least 300 degrees Celsius.

US Pat. No. 10,458,854

DISC CAVITY THERMOCOUPLE

Siemens Energy, Inc., Or...

1. A thermocouple comprising:a thermocouple element shaft;
at least one guide tube and at least one next guide tube arranged next to the at least one guide tube along the thermocouple element shaft with a region in between, wherein the thermocouple element shaft passes through the one guide tube and the one next guide tube and the region in between that is not protected by the at least one guide tube and the at least one next guide tube; and
at least one sleeve that is affixed to the thermocouple element shaft, said at least one sleeve being wider than the thermocouple element shaft,
wherein said at least one sleeve is located along the region of the thermocouple element shaft between the one guide tube and the one next guide tube that is not protected by the at least one guide tube and the at least one next guide tube.

US Pat. No. 10,458,853

NIOBIUM TITANIUM NITRIDE THIN FILM COATINGS FOR FAR-INFARED ABSORPTION AND FILTERING

United States of America ...

1. An infrared bolometric detector for detecting an increase in temperature caused by IR absorption of an object as a change in resistance where if an object is made of a metal, the resistance increases in response to the temperature increase and if an object is made of a semiconductor, the resistance decreases in response to the temperature increase, comprising:a. a detector membrane including a dielectric material, the detector membrane having an inner surface and an outer surface, the outer surface receiving incoming infrared radiation;
b. an absorber coating disposed on the outer surface of the dielectric material, the absorber coating having a niobium titanium nitride (NbTiN) thin film coating fabricated by two different sputtering sources in which a first source contains a niobium sputtering target and a second source contains a titanium sputtering target, both deposited in a nitrogen-rich environment suspended on an ultra-thin dielectric membrane to filter out low frequency spectral components; wherein the coatings are deposited on one side of said detector membrane, an ultra-thin silicon membrane on which there is a bolometric detector transition edge sensor located on another opposite side of the membrane; with the NbTiN coatings having an optical impedance between 251 and 566 ?/sq and are optically coupled to a quarter wave backshort in order to achieve an optical efficiency above 90%; with a surface resistance equal in magnitude to the wave impedance of free space, 377 ?/sq, and a thickness of at least about 30 nm and a superconducting transition temperature (Tc) greater than or equal to about 9.2 K;
c. a resonant cavity adjacent the inner surface of the detector membrane;
d. a reflective back short disposed opposite to the inner surface of the detector membrane with the resonant cavity there between; and
e. a thermistor disposed on the inner surface of the detector membrane.

US Pat. No. 10,458,852

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING TEMPERATURE OF RAILROAD TRAIN WHEEL AND BEARING

Progress Rail Services Co...

1. A system for detecting a temperature of a railroad train wheel and bearing, comprising:a thermal line scanner capturing a plurality of thermal line scans of a detection zone which includes capturing the wheel and bearing as the wheel and bearing rotate;
a processor of the thermal line scanner analyzing each of the plurality of thermal line scans: identifying at least a bearing zone and a wheel zone in the captured plurality of thermal line scans; selecting a single line of the captured plurality of thermal line scans which includes both the hearing zone and the wheel zone; and determining the temperature of the wheel based on the wheel zone of the selected line and the temperature of the bearing based on the bearing zone of the selected line;
a wayside detector including a second processor, the processor of the thermal line scanner transmitting data, including buffered data, to the wayside detector, wherein the transmitted data is processed to evaluate train bearing trends, and a messaging from the wayside detector about the train bearing trends is re-enabled; and
generating an alarm if the temperature of the wheel or the temperature of the bearing is above a predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,458,851

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR THERMAL IMAGING OF RF SIGNALS

Keysight Technologies, In...

17. A method for thermal imaging using an infrared imaging camera, the method comprising:receiving a radio-frequency (RF) signal on a thermal imaging sheet of a thermal imaging system; and
generating a first thermal footprint on the thermal imaging sheet in response to receiving the RF signal, the first thermal footprint comprising a pair of hotspots generated by a thermal unit cell, the thermal unit cell comprising:
a first RF antenna having a first conductor, a second conductor, and a first terminating resistor connected between adjacent ends of the first conductor and the second conductor, wherein the first terminating resistor generates a first hotspot in the pair of hotspots; and
a second RF antenna having a third conductor, a fourth conductor, and a second terminating resistor connected between adjacent ends of the third conductor and the fourth conductor, the second RF antenna arranged in a T-configuration with respect to the first RF antenna, wherein the second terminating resistor generates a second hotspot in the pair of hotspots.

US Pat. No. 10,458,850

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND PYROELECTRIC SENSOR

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. An electronic device that detects a movement of a subject and operates in accordance with a result of the detection, the electronic device comprising:a pyroelectric element that senses a thermal change, based on a pyroelectric effect;
a detector that detects the movement of the subject, based on a detection signal output from the pyroelectric element; and
a controller that sets detection sensitivity of the detector, based on a result of the detection by the detector,
wherein the detection sensitivity is set to low sensitivity or high sensitivity being higher in sensitivity than the low sensitivity,
the controller sets the detection sensitivity to the high sensitivity when the detector has detected the movement of the subject, and
the controller sets the detection sensitivity to the low sensitivity when a predetermined period has elapsed without the detector detecting the movement of the subject in a state where the detection sensitivity is the high sensitivity.

US Pat. No. 10,458,848

DENTAL IMAGING AND ILLUMINATION DEVICE

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

1. A dental imaging and illumination device, comprising:an optical interface for emitting light from the device and for receiving light into the device;
a first light source which is arranged within the device for emitting white light through the optical interface;
a camera;
a first beam splitter arranged in a first optical path between the camera and the optical interface, the first beam splitter being configured to pass light received via the optical interface toward the camera;
a color reference;
wherein the first beam splitter is further arranged in a second optical path between the camera and the color reference, the first beam splitter being configured to pass light from the color reference toward the camera; and
wherein the color reference and the first light source are optically coupled via a third optical path for the first light source to illuminate the color reference, which third optical path bypasses the first beam splitter.

US Pat. No. 10,458,847

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR EVALUATING PERFORMANCE OF IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE

IMAGICA Lab. Inc., Shina...

1. A method for evaluating performance of an image display device, which comprises:displaying at least either a luminance evaluation image or a chromaticity evaluation image on said image display device, said luminance evaluation image having a determination portion configured such that luminance changes progressively between a low luminance region defined to have luminance levels lower than an upper limit of luminance displayable on said image display device and a high luminance region defined to have luminance levels higher than the upper limit of luminance displayable on said image display device, said chromaticity evaluation image having a determination portion configured such that chroma changes progressively between a low chroma region defined to have chroma levels lower than an upper limit of chroma displayable on said image display device and a high chroma region defined to have chroma levels higher than the upper limit of chroma displayable on said image display device; and
evaluating characteristics of the image display device from a position of a boundary of the luminance or chroma saturation region in the determination portion of said luminance or chroma evaluation image.

US Pat. No. 10,458,846

SPECTRAL MICROSCOPE

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A spectral microscope, comprising:a substrate with a planar lens patterned on the substrate, the planar lens including a sinusoidal grating having a single pattern phase profile including an axial focus and an oblique focus;
a light source to excite a signal of a particle among a plurality of particles; and
a detector to receive:
light generated from the light source from the axial focus of the planar lens; and
a spectral color component of the excited signal of the particle from the oblique focus of the planar lens.

US Pat. No. 10,458,845

MOBILE DEVICE FOR FOOD IDENTIFICATION AN QUANTIFICATION USING SPECTROSCOPY AND IMAGING

Medibotics LLC, St. Paul...

1. A mobile device for food identification and quantification comprising:a housing which is configured to be held by a person's thumb and index finger;
wherein the housing further comprises a food probe which is inserted into food;
wherein the housing further comprises a spectroscopic sensor, wherein the spectroscopic sensor further comprises at least one first energy emitter and at least one first energy receiver, wherein a first energy emitter sends light beams toward the food, wherein a first energy receiver receives some of the light beams after they have been reflected by the food, and wherein changes in the spectrum of the light beams caused by their reflection by the food are analyzed to help identify the type of food;
and
wherein the housing further comprises a camera on the distal half of the housing, wherein the camera creates images of the food, and wherein the images of the food are analyzed in order to help identify the type of food and/or measure the quantity of food.

US Pat. No. 10,458,844

RECONFIGURABLE OPTICAL FIBER SPECTROMETER IN A LIGHTING DEVICE

ABL IP HOLDING LLC, Cony...

1. A system, comprising:a lighting device configured to output light for general illumination in an environment, the lighting device comprising a light source;
a fiber detector optically coupled to the light source to receive a portion of light from the light source at a first end of the fiber detector, the fiber detector having a bare area exposed to air in the environment in which the lighting device is located such that an evanescent wave of the received light emanates and surrounds an exterior of the fiber detector to interact with the air in the environment in which the bare area of the fiber detector is exposed;
a spectrometer optically coupled to a second end of the fiber detector to receive light outputted from the fiber detector after the interaction of the evanescent wave with the air in the environment, the spectrometer configured to:
detect the light outputted from the fiber detector, and
generate signals representative of a spectral power distribution of the detected light, the generated signals corresponding to the interaction of the evanescent wave with the air in the environment;
a memory storing spectral reference data and program instructions; and
a processor operatively coupled to the memory, the light source and the spectrometer, wherein in response to executing the stored program instructions, the processor is configured to process the generated signals based on the stored spectral reference data.

US Pat. No. 10,458,843

SPECTROMETRY APPARATUS AND SPECTROMETRY METHOD

GWANGJU INSTITUTE OF SCIE...

1. A spectroscopic apparatus comprising:an optical filter device comprising at least two filters to filter incident light;
an optical sensor device comprising at least two optical sensors corresponding to the at least two filters to convert the filtered light into a charge and to output the charge; and
a digital signal processing unit that digitally processes an output signal from the optical sensor device to recover spectrum information of the incident light,
wherein at least one of the at least two filters is a random transmittance filter,
wherein the at least two filters are uncorrelated,
wherein the output signal is expressed by insufficient linear equation,
wherein the digital signal processing unit recovers the spectrum information of the incident light by applying a L1 norm minimizing algorithm to the output signal expressed by insufficient linear equation,
wherein the random transmittance filter has an autocorrelation function which represents a similarity degree between the intensities of lights detected by the random transmittance function at two different wavelengths,
wherein if the autocorrelation functions represent narrow widths in the random transmittance filter, wavelengths spaced apart from each other beyond the width are independently detected.

US Pat. No. 10,458,842

LOW FLUX AND LOW NOISE DETECTION CIRCUIT

1. Detection circuit comprising:a detector having a stray capacitor, the detector being configured to deliver electric charges according to an observed phenomenon,
a bias circuit configured to bias the detector during a first period and to leave a first terminal of the detector at a floating potential during a second period,
a first capacitor having a first terminal connected to the first terminal of the detector to form an integration node with the stray capacitor, the integration node being at a potential target value during the first period and at a changing potential during the second period,
a transfer circuit configured to transfer electric charges from the stray capacitor to the first capacitor, the transfer circuit being configured to bias a second terminal of the first capacitor so as to shift a potential of the integration node to the potential target value for transferring the electric charges and to disable transfer of the electric charges when the potential of the integration node reaches a predefined value,
an output terminal delivering a voltage representative of the potential present on the second terminal of the first capacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,458,841

METHOD FOR PROCESSING LIGHT SENSOR SIGNALS AND LIGHT SENSOR SYSTEM

ams AG, Unterpremstetten...

1. A method for compensating variations in an attenuation of light of an optical filter of a light sensor system, wherein the method comprises:illuminating a clear sensor and a color sensor of the light sensor system with a test light having a test spectrum, wherein
the color sensor comprises the optical filter and is designed to predominantly sense light with a wavelength within a pass band of the optical filter, and
the test spectrum has components outside the pass band;
receiving, in response to the illumination with the test light, a clear test signal generated by the clear sensor and a color test signal generated by the color sensor;
determining a first transmission value T based on the clear test signal and on the color test signal; and
calculating a compensation factor Kr, Kg, Kb to compensate the variations in the attenuation of light based on the first transmission value T and a nominal transmission value Tn of the optical filter,
wherein the first transmission value T is determined by dividing a signal derived from the color test signal by the clear test signal.

US Pat. No. 10,458,840

LOCATION CLASSIFICATION FOR INTELLIGENT PERSONAL ASSISTANT

Harman International Indu...

1. A personal assistant device configured to determine a location of the personal assistant device and apply settings specific to the location, comprising:at least one speaker configured to emit a stimulus noise;
at least one microphone configured to acquire a room sample based on the stimulus noise, the room sample including a sample room impulse response;
a memory configured to maintain a plurality of room profiles, each room profile including a room location, a stored room impulse response, and a room specific response;
a processor configured to:
receive the room sample;
compare the sample room impulse response with at least one of the stored room impulse responses;
determine whether the sample room impulse response matches one of the stored room impulse responses; and
apply the room specific response associated with the room profile of the matched stored room impulse response.

US Pat. No. 10,458,839

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR MONITORING A DYNAMIC SYSTEM

General Electric Company,...

1. A method for monitoring a dynamic system, said method comprising:generating system measurement data substantially representative of at least one measured attribute of a plurality of attributes of a dynamic system using at least one measurement device;
generating a Poincare map based on the system measurement data, the Poincare map including representations of the plurality of attributes of the dynamic system;
determining at least one value for a first attribute of the plurality of attributes of the dynamic system based on the generated Poincare map;
detecting a first plurality of perturbations defined by the Poincare map, wherein each of the first plurality of perturbations is defined by a first area;
determining the at least one value for the first attribute at least partially based on the first plurality of perturbations, further based on at least one of one or more coordinates of each of the first plurality of perturbations and an area of each of the first plurality of perturbations, wherein the plurality of attributes comprises at least one of angular velocity, a derivative of angular velocity, and revolutions per minute (RPM), wherein the at least one measurement device comprises at least one sensor, the at least one sensor comprising:
a package housing the at least one sensor; and
at least one transducer for measuring the plurality of attributes of the dynamic system; and
regulating real-time operation of the dynamic system based at least partially on the at least one determined value of the first attribute.

US Pat. No. 10,458,838

EXERCISE MEASURING DEVICE, EXERCISE APPARATUS HAVING SAME, AND EXERCISE MEASURING METHOD

1. An exercise measuring device comprising:a main body;
a coupler formed on the main body and configured to be attachable to and detachable from at least an end portion of a bar of an exercise apparatus; and
a reader formed on the main body, wherein when a weight portion comprising a tag is fitted to the end portion of the bar, the reader detects a weight of the weight portion fitted to the bar by reading the tag of the weight portion,
wherein whether the weight portion is loaded onto the bar or unloaded from the bar is determined according to a direction in which the tag moves relative to the reader.

US Pat. No. 10,458,837

AGRICULTURAL VEHICLE WITH LOAD CELLS DIRECTLY BETWEEN UPPER AND LOWER FIXATION PLATES

KUHN-AUDUREAU SA, La Cop...

1. An agricultural vehicle comprising:a container mounted on at least one train of wheels;
two beams mounted on a bottom of the container and extending in a longitudinal direction of the agricultural vehicle;
a pair of upper fixation plates including a first upper fixation plate and a second upper fixation plate mounted to each beam and spaced apart in the longitudinal direction;
a lower fixation plate positioned between the first and second upper fixation plate of each pair of upper fixation plates in the longitudinal direction;
one axle or more forming said train of wheels,
wherein the container is mounted on the axle or each of the axles by way of at least two pairs of load cells,
wherein each pair of load cells consists of two load cells including a first load cell positioned directly between the first upper fixation plate and the lower fixation plate and a second load cell positioned directly between the second upper fixation plate and the lower fixation plate such that the two load cells are situated on opposite sides of a vertical plane extending in a lateral direction of the agricultural vehicle and containing the axis of the axle, in the case of a single-axle train, or of a plane parallel to vertical planes containing the axes of the axles of a multi-axle train.

US Pat. No. 10,458,836

ELECTRICAL CONNECTION HAVING A GOLD CONTACT SURFACE WITH DISCRETE AREAS OF HARDNESS AND FUEL LEVEL SENSOR USING THE SAME

DELPHI TECHNOLOGIES IP LI...

1. An electrical connection comprising:a first electrical conductor assembly having a first electrical conductor with a first electrical conductor surface; and
a second electrical conductor assembly having a second electrical conductor with a second electrical conductor surface which is engaged with said first electrical conductor surface such that said second electrical conductor assembly and said first electrical conductor assembly reciprocate relative to each other along a path, said first electrical conductor surface and said second electrical conductor surface thereby providing electrical communication between said first electrical conductor assembly and said second electrical conductor assembly along said path;
wherein said second electrical conductor surface has a first area of gold having a first magnitude of hardness which engages said first electrical conductor surface and also has a second area of gold having a second magnitude of hardness which is greater than said first magnitude of hardness and which engages said first electrical conductor surface.

US Pat. No. 10,458,835

FLOAT GAUGE ASSEMBLY FOR STORAGE TANKS

Marshall Excelsior Co., ...

1. A method of installing a float gauge assembly in a storage tank having a port with an opening, said method comprising the steps of:attaching a body having at least one bore to the port of the storage tank;
mounting a gauge to the body, the gauge having a gauge face for indicating a level of material present in the storage tank;
placing a float mechanism through the port of the storage tank and mounting the float mechanism to the body to cooperate with the gauge, the float mechanism including a float movable relative to the body in an operating position and a tube coupled to the float and having a dimension sized for inserting through the opening in the port;
inserting a connector of the tube through the at least one bore of the body, the connector having a first keyway;
attaching a collar to the connector, the collar having a second keyway;
aligning the first keyway and the second keyway with each other;
inserting a key into the aligned first keyway and second keyway to rotationally lock the collar to the connector; and
receiving in the at least one bore at least one alignment element protruding from the collar and fixing rotationally the tube to the body when the float is in the operating position so that the gauge face accurately indicates the level of material in the storage tank when mounted to the body.

US Pat. No. 10,458,834

RADIATION DETECTOR

Johnson Matthey Public Li...

1. A nucleonic instrument for measuring a characteristic of one or more material phases within a container, comprising:at least one source of ionising radiation comprising alpha particles, beta particles, gamma radiation and/or neutrons;
at least one detector probe configured for detecting said ionising radiation comprising a linear array of radiation detectors spaced apart along a heat pipe for cooling the detectors, the detectors being mounted in thermal contact with and physically supported on the heat pipe;
a power source; and
an electronic apparatus comprising a control unit and a signal and data processing means for calculating a characteristic of the material phases using signals generated by the detectors in response to radiation received from the radiation sources,
wherein the nucleonic instrument is a level gauge or a density profiler.

US Pat. No. 10,458,833

BLOOD RESERVOIR WITH FLUID VOLUME MEASUREMENT BASED ON PRESSURE SENSOR

Sorin Group Italia S.r.l....

1. A system comprising:a blood reservoir that is non-pressurized, the blood reservoir having a bottom and being configured to hold blood;
a differential pressure sensor integrated into the bottom of the blood reservoir and in contact with the blood in the blood reservoir to sense hydrostatic pressure of the blood in the blood reservoir and to sense a pressure difference between the hydrostatic pressure exerted on the differential pressure sensor by the blood and pressure exerted on the blood in the blood reservoir and to provide at least one signal that is indicative of a blood level in the blood reservoir; and
a controller to receive the at least one signal and calculate a blood level value and a blood volume value in the blood reservoir based on the at least one signal, the controller to provide at least one of a blood level signal that indicates the blood level in the blood reservoir and a blood volume signal that indicates the blood volume in the blood reservoir.

US Pat. No. 10,458,832

FUNCTIONAL DIAGNOSIS OF AN ELECTROMECHANICAL FILL STATE MEASURING DEVICE

1. A method for the functional diagnosis of an electromechanical fill state measuring device comprising the steps of:lowering a displacement element on a measuring wire into a filling material in a container such that, in an equilibrium state, the weight of the displacement element minus a buoyancy of the displacement element, which buoyancy depends upon at least one equilibrium volume, is determined to be equal to a resulting weight of the displacement element;
specifying the resulting weight,
keeping the specified resulting weight constant by correspondingly changing the length of the measuring wire in the equilibrium state; and
ascertaining the fill state of the filling material using the length of the lowered measuring wire, wherein:
the functional diagnosis comprises steps of:
changing a specified value of the equilibrium volume of the displacement element using a defined equilibrium volume change; and
ascertaining the resulting change in the length of the measuring wire based upon the equilibrium state, kept constant, of the resulting weight.

US Pat. No. 10,458,831

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ACOUSTIC CONTAINER VOLUME CALIBRATION

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY...

1. A method of measuring an interior volume of a storage container containing a medium therein using a plurality of acoustic devices, the method comprising:deploying, with a robot that includes a drive system and one or more position sensors for monitoring a position of the robot, the plurality of acoustic devices into respective positions on an exterior surface of a circumferential wall of the container, the acoustic devices including an ultrasonic transducer and an ultrasonic sensor, wherein the transducer is acoustically coupled to the surface and is configured to transmit one or more ultrasonic signals through the wall of the container and across the interior volume of the container, and wherein the sensor is acoustically coupled to the surface and configured to detect the one or more ultrasonic signals;
transmitting one or more ultrasonic signals using the transducer, wherein each signal is transmitted at a respective impulse time;
detecting, using the sensor, an arrival of the one or more signals and recording a respective detection time;
calculating, by a computing device in electronic communication with the transducer and the sensor, respective times of flight (TOFs) for the one or more signals travelling between the respective positions of the transducer and the sensor based on the respective impulse times and respective detection times, wherein a respective TOF is an elapsed time for a signal to travel along a path between the respective positions of the transducer and the sensor;
aligning, with the computing device based on the respective TOFs, the one or more of the transducer and the sensor in one or more of a circumferential direction and a longitudinal direction relative to the circumferential wall of the container, wherein the step of aligning comprises:
adjusting the respective position of one or more of the transducer and the sensor on the surface in one or more of the circumferential direction and the longitudinal direction,
for each adjusted respective position, performing the steps of transmitting, detecting and calculating respective TOFs based on one or more acoustic signals traveling therebetween, and
determining based on the calculated TOFs, whether the transducer and sensor are aligned in one or more of a circumferential direction and a longitudinal direction relative to the surface of the container;
calculating, with the computing device, a distance between the respective positions of the aligned transducer and sensor based on the calculated respective TOF and a speed of sound through the medium; and
determining, with the computing device, the volume of the storage container based on the calculated distance and the respective positions of the aligned transducer and sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,458,830

METHOD FOR IMPROVING FUEL ECONOMY TEST PRECISION IN ON-ROAD VEHICLES

ExxonMobil Research and E...

1. A method for improving fuel efficiency testing precision in on-road vehicles, the method comprising:installing one or more dataloggers in one or more vehicles, each datalogger configured to receive fuel consumption data broadcast by an on-road vehicle's engine control unit (ECU);
transmitting the fuel consumption data from the one or more dataloggers in the one or more on-road vehicles to a processor; and
analyzing, using the processor, the fuel consumption data from the one or more dataloggers in the one or more on-road vehicles to determine fuel efficiency of the one or more on-road vehicles; and
wherein the fuel consumption data from the one or more data loggers compares one or more of the following: lubricants of different viscometric properties; mineral versus synthetic lubricants including engine oils, gear oils, and hydraulic fluids; combinations of lubricants and hardware designs; lubricants with and without friction modifiers; lubricants with different frictional properties; fresh lubricants and aged lubricants; and combinations of lubricants and fuels.

US Pat. No. 10,458,829

NON-INVASIVE FLUID FLOW DETECTION USING DIGITAL ACCELEROMETERS

JABIL INC., St. Petersbu...

1. A system for estimating fluid flow in a system including a pump and a fluid vessel operatively coupled to the pump via a conduit, comprising:an accelerometer affixed to an exterior surface of the conduit, wherein the accelerometer is configured to generate signals indicative of vibrations imparted to the conduit solely by the pump; and
an inferential engine comprising code executed by at least one processor and capable of relationally inferring fluid characteristics of the fluid flow in the conduit from the generated signals indicative of vibrations of the conduit.

US Pat. No. 10,458,828

FLOW SENSOR HEATER CIRCUIT CALIBRATION

Honeywell International I...

1. A heater control circuit for a thermal transfer based fluid flow sensor for maintaining a constant temperature differential, comprising:a first resistor;
a heater resistor configured to be disposed between the upstream resistive elements and the downstream resistive elements of a flow sensing bridge;
a trimmable resistor;
a second resistor;
a third resistor, wherein
a positive terminal of the first resistor is connected to a positive terminal of the trimmable resistor,
a negative terminal of the first resistor is connected to a positive terminal of the heater resistor,
a negative terminal of the trimmable resistor is connected to a positive terminal of the second resistor,
a negative terminal of the second resistor is connected to a positive terminal of the third resistor,
and a negative terminal of the heater resistor is connected to a negative terminal of the third resistor;
a first electronic switch comprising a positive terminal of the first electronic switch is connected to the positive terminal of the second resistor and a negative terminal of the first electronic switch is connected to the negative terminal of the second resistor, wherein the first electronic switch is configured closed and provides a short circuit bypassing the second resistor when the heater control circuit is operated in a calibration mode wherein the first electronic switch is configured open when the heater control circuit is operated in a flow sensing mode.

US Pat. No. 10,458,827

THERMAL TYPE AIR FLOW METER HAVING A REINFORCING STRUCTURE PROVIDED ON THE BASE MEMBER BETWEEN THE BOARD FIXING PART AND THE SECONDARY PASSAGE CONSTITUTING PART

Hitachi Automotive System...

1. A thermal type air flow meter for being placed in an intake passage of an internal combustion engine, the thermal type of air flow meter comprising:a resin component having a secondary passage into which part of air passing through the intake passage can flow; and
a circuit board configured to output a signal according to an air flow rate based on a signal from a flow rate detecting element disposed on the circuit board, the circuit board on which the flow rate detecting element is disposed being installed so that the flow rate detecting element is placed in the secondary passage,
wherein the resin component comprises:
a board fixing part to which the circuit board is fixed,
a secondary passage constituting part that is a part of the secondary passage, and
ribs provided on a rear surface which is a side opposite to a surface of the board fixing part, wherein the ribs are provided on the rear surface in a grid pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,458,826

MASS FLOW SENSOR MODULE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE

UBOTIC COMPANY LIMITED, ...

1. A method of manufacturing a mass flow sensor module, the method comprising:proving a substrate having opposite first and second surfaces and a cavity;
depositing wire bonding terminals on at least one of the first and second surfaces for electrically connecting the semiconductor die to the substrate via wires;
depositing input/output pads on one of the first and second surfaces;
connecting the input/output pads to the wire bonding terminals for external connection to the module;
laminating the first surface with a high temperature tape having adhesive on one side;
placing a semiconductor sensor die having an active sensing area on one side within the cavity such that active sensing area is in contact with the adhesive;
molding over the second surface with encapsulation material to fill gaps in the cavity and cover the side of the semiconductor sensor die opposite the active sensing area;
removing the high temperature tape to expose the active sensing area and wire bonding terminals;
wire bonding the semiconductor sensor die to the first surface via the wire bonding terminals;
depositing additional encapsulation material to cover the wire bonding while leaving the active sensing area;
attaching a mass flow housing to the first surface for providing laminar flow over the active sensing area.

US Pat. No. 10,458,825

THERMAL FLOW-RATE SENSOR

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A thermal flow-rate sensor, comprising:a first temperature sensor that detects the temperature of a measurement medium that is flowing through a passageway inside a pipe by detecting the temperature at a specified location of an outer-wall surface of the pipe;
a heat-transfer element that is arranged on the outer-wall surface of the pipe in a state separated from the first temperature sensor, and that exchanges heat with the measurement medium by heating or cooling the outer-wall surface of the pipe;
a second temperature sensor that detects the temperature of a portion of the outer-wall surface of the pipe that is heated or cooled by the heat-transfer element; and
a control unit that performs specified processing; wherein
a heat-flux sensor is arranged between the heat-transfer element and the outer-wall surface of the pipe and detects heat flux between the heat-transfer element and the pipe;
the control unit detects a flow rate of the measurement medium based on the temperature that is detected by the first temperature sensor, the temperature that is detected by the second temperature sensor, and the heat flux that is detected by the heat-flux sensor; and
the heat-flux sensor is configured such that a plurality of first and second via holes that penetrate in a thickness direction being formed in an insulating substrate that is composed of a thermoplastic resin, first and second interlayer-connecting members formed of metals that are different from each other are embedded in the first and second via holes, a front-surface pattern being formed on a front surface of the insulating substrate, a rear-surface pattern being formed on a rear surface of an opposite side from the front surface, and the first and second interlayer-connecting members are alternately connected in series via the front-surface pattern and the rear-surface pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,458,824

ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCER ARRANGEMENT AND ULTRASONIC WATER METER

Diehl Metering GmbH, Ans...

1. An ultrasonic transducer configuration, comprising:a housing in a form of a pocket, for mounting the ultrasonic transducer configuration in a through-hole in a further housing of an ultrasonic water meter in a mounting plane, the further housing of the ultrasonic water meter containing an ultrasonic measuring section along which a transit time measurement can be carried out using the ultrasonic transducer configuration;
a transducer body disposed in said housing for at least one of generating or receiving an acoustic signal;
a housing wall assigned to said transducer body through which the acoustic signal runs;
an electrical contact for connecting said transducer body to a voltage or current source;
said transducer body being positioned in said housing at an oblique angle with respect to the mounting plane of the ultrasonic transducer configuration on the further housing of the ultrasonic water meter;
said housing wall which is assigned to said transducer body and through which the acoustic signal runs also runs at an oblique angle with respect to the mounting plane of the ultrasonic transducer configuration on the further housing of the ultrasonic water meter;
a holding device oriented at an oblique angle with respect to the mounting plane of the ultrasonic transducer configuration and disposed inside said housing and exerts a holding force oriented towards said housing wall on said transducer body;
a molded part;
said holding device containing an elastic element which acts on said transducer body and said molded part which holds said elastic element on said transducer body under clamping pressure; and
said housing containing moldings, which interact with said molded part for latching and/or guiding and/or pivoting said molded part.

US Pat. No. 10,458,823

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HEALTH MONITORING AND EARLY WARNING FOR ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Fifth Electronics Researc...

1. A system for health monitoring and early warning for an electronic device, comprising:a sensor arranged in the electronic device; and
an embedded control device coupled to the sensor,
wherein sensor is configured to monitor a physical parameter of a circuit board of a host electronic system of the electronic device to acquire sensor data, and transmit acquired sensor data to the embedded control device, the sensor data including at least one of current data, vibration data, temperature data and voltage data,
wherein the embedded control device is configured to extract a feature from the sensor data to acquire a feature data, and perform real-time analysis and prediction based on the feature data to obtain and display a prediction result; and
wherein the embedded control device further performs real-time analysis and prediction based on the feature data to obtain the prediction result comprises:
filtering the feature data with Kalman filter to obtain filtered data, as follows:
xk?=Axk?1,
Pk?=APk?1AT+Q,
Kk=Pk?CT(CPk?CT+R)?1,
xk=xk?+Kk(yk?Cxk?),
Pk=Pk??KkCPk?,
where k=1, 2, . . . , N, N is a number of the feature data, P0 and x0 are known, A and C are preset matrixes, AT and CT are transposed matrixes of A and C respectively, Q and R are variances of irrelative process noise and irrelevant measurement noise respectively, yk is the feature data, and xk is the filtered data; and
performing Kalman prediction based on the filtered data to obtain the prediction result, as follow:
xN+k|N=AxN+k?1|N, k=1,2, . . . , p
where xN+1|N=AxN, xN is the filtered data, xN+k|N represents a prediction result at a k-th step, N is the number of feature data, and p is a number of prediction steps.

US Pat. No. 10,458,822

DYNAMIC SPACER FOR A SMART PIPELINE INSPECTION GAUGE

Entegra LLP, Indianapoli...

1. An in-line inspection tool for a pipeline, comprising:a body configured to be propelled through the pipeline, the body defining a central axis; and
a plurality of sensor assemblies mounted to the body and distributed circumferentially about the central axis, each sensor assembly configured to move through a range of radial positions in a respective radial direction that is perpendicular to the central axis,
wherein a first sensor assembly of the plurality of sensor assemblies includes a first elongate arm, at least one first sensor carried by the first arm, and a first spacer that extends from the first arm,
wherein a second sensor assembly of the plurality of sensor assemblies includes a second elongate arm and at least one second sensor carried by the second arm, and
wherein contact between the first spacer and the second arm results in application of a force to the second arm in a circumferential direction relative to the central axis and maintains an expected circumferential spacing between the first arm and the second arm over the range of radial positions.

US Pat. No. 10,458,821

MOUNTING STRUCTURE FOR A PERIPHERAL INFORMATION DETECTION SENSOR USED IN A VEHICLE INCLUDING AN AUTOMATIC DRIVING SYSTEM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A mounting structure for a peripheral information detection sensor comprising:an aeropart that is disposed above a cabin of a truck and that has wall surfaces, the truck including an automatic driving system, and the wall surfaces of the aeropart including a wall surface that faces toward a vehicle body front direction, a wall surface that faces toward a vehicle body upper direction, wall surfaces that face outward in a vehicle transverse direction, and a wall surface that faces toward a vehicle body rear direction;
a peripheral information detection sensor that is mounted within a space enclosed by the wall surfaces of the aeropart; and
a cover that is provided on at least one wall surface that lies opposite the peripheral information detection sensor, among the wall surface of the aeropart facing toward the vehicle body front direction and the wall surfaces of the aeropart facing outward in the vehicle transverse direction, and through which only a detection medium that is required for peripheral information detection can be transmitted.

US Pat. No. 10,458,820

POSITION SENSOR MOUNTS FOR A DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEM FOR FLUID CONTROL VALVES

FISHER CONTROLS INTERNATI...

1. A position sensor mount for a diagnostic system for fluid control valves, comprising:a base having a mount for coupling to a position sensor and a first clamp jaw;
a toggle clamp fixedly attached to the base, the toggle clamp having a main body coupled to the mount and a second clamp jaw that opposes the first clamp jaw and is pivotably coupled to the main body, wherein the toggle clamp automatically adjusts to provide a fixed clamping force at different distances between the first clamp jaw and the second clamp jaw; and
an engagement assembly carried by the second jaw, wherein the engagement assembly includes at least a first clamp pad having a distal end that directly faces the first clamp jaw and swivels relative to the second clamp jaw.

US Pat. No. 10,458,819

SHAFT-INTEGRATED ANGLE SENSING DEVICE

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A sensor arrangement comprising:a rotatable shaft extending along a rotation axis and comprising a bore extending within a first shaft end portion along the rotation axis,
the rotatable shaft being comprised of a soft magnetic material that has a relative permeability greater than one;
a magnet module coupled to at least one face of the bore and configured to generate a magnetic field within the bore; and
a sensing element configured to sense a rotating magnetic field caused by the magnet module upon rotation of the rotatable shaft around the rotation axis, and
wherein the sensing element has a sensitive spot, the sensitive spot being arranged within the bore and exposed to the rotating magnetic field,
wherein the sensitive spot is placed a distance (da) inside the bore from an opening of the bore at one end of the rotatable shaft, and
wherein the rotatable shaft is configured such that the soft magnetic material of the rotatable shaft enforces the magnetic field generated by the magnet module at the distance (da) inside the bore and shields the sensing element from disturbances to the magnetic field generated by the magnet module.

US Pat. No. 10,458,818

FIBER-OPTIC BASED TRAFFIC AND INFRASTRUCTURE MONITORING SYSTEM

Fugro Technology B.V., (...

1. An arrangement comprising:a traffic infrastructure comprising:
a traffic carrying surface to support at least one conveyance element of a vehicle, therewith allowing movements of the vehicle over the traffic carrying surface; and
an optic sensor system comprising:
at least one fiber optic sensor coupled to an interrogator, having at least one anchor element that extends around the at least one fiber optic sensor between an optic strain sensor element of a plurality of optic strain sensor elements, and extending at least substantially according to a straight line in a direction at least substantially parallel to the traffic carrying surface, the at least one fiber optic sensor comprising:
an optic fiber with the plurality of optic strain-sensor elements distributed over its length, wherein the plurality of optic strain-sensor elements have mutually different optical characteristics, and
the interrogator arranged below the traffic carrying surface and being configured to:
transmit an optical interrogation signal into the at least one fiber optic sensor,
receive a response optical signal that has been modulated by the fiber optic sensor based on its optical characteristics, and
identify changes in the optical characteristics of the response optical signal resulting from strains induced in the optic strain-sensor elements as a result of the conveyance element of the vehicle moving over the traffic carrying surface across the at least one fiber optic sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,458,817

SENSOR MANUFACTURING METHOD AND SENSOR

NSK LTD., Tokyo (JP)

7. A sensor comprising:a generator that generates a predetermined detection target;
a detector that detects the detection target generated by the generator;
a substrate on which the generator and the detector are installed;
a motion body that performs motion in an area in between the generator and the detector; and
a housing that houses the generator, the detector, and the motion body, wherein
the substrate
has a first portion, on which the generator is installed, and a second portion, on which the detector is installed, formed in an integrated manner,
has a curved shape or a bent shape in such a way that the generator and the detector are positioned opposite to each other, and
is disposed at such a position that the motion body is present in the area in between the generator and the detector, and
the housing includes a first member on which the substrate is mounted and includes a second member at which the motion body is installed.

US Pat. No. 10,458,816

SENSOR INCLUDING AN ELECTRODE, INSULATOR, PRESSURE RECEIVER, AND PRESSURE IMPARTING UNIT, AND A SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SENSOR

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A sensor comprising:an electrode;
an insulator disposed at a position facing the electrode and away from the electrode;
a cover which surrounds the electrode and the insulator, the cover including a lid, the insulator abutting an inner surface of the lid;
a pressure receiver disposed on a first portion of an outer surface of the lid, the pressure receiver being a contact detector and facing the insulator through the lid; and
a pressure imparting unit which presses a second portion of the outer surface of the lid so as to press a part of the insulator toward the electrode at a position different from the pressure receiver to contact the insulator with the electrode, the second portion of the outer surface of the lid being different than the first portion of the outer surface of the lid,
wherein the insulator generates power by contact charging or separation charging with respect to the electrode, to output the power as a signal.

US Pat. No. 10,458,815

SENSOR ARRANGEMENT FOR THE CONTACTLESS SENSING OF ANGLES OF ROTATION ON A ROTATING PART

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A sensor arrangement for the contactless sensing of angles of rotation on a rotating part, the sensor arrangement comprising:a disk-shaped target coupled to the rotating part, the disc-shaped target having at least one metal surface, and operable to generate at least one piece of information for ascertaining an instantaneous angle of rotation of the rotating part in connection with a coil arrangement;
the coil arrangement having at least one flat detection coil;
at least one measuring circuit operable to convert inductance of a corresponding at least one flat detection coil into a measuring signal and the at least one measuring circuit including a first switch and a second switch, the inductance of the at least one flat detection coil configured to change due to eddy-current effects as a function of a degree of overlap with the at least one metal surface of the rotating target and the at least one measuring circuit including a capacitor; and
an evaluation and control unit configured to detect the measuring signal using measurement techniques and to evaluate the measuring signal for calculating the angle of rotation by switching the first switch and the second switch via corresponding control signals such that (i) the evaluation and control unit is configured to switch the first switch via a first control signal to connect the at least one detection coil to an operating voltage and switch the second switch via a second control signal to connect the second switch to a reference potential to commence an excitation phase, (ii) the evaluation and control unit is configured to switch the second switch to disconnect the at least one detection coil to commence a measuring phase, and (iii) the evaluation and control unit is configured to switch the first switch in order to disconnect the at least one detection coil from the operating voltage to commence an evaluation phase, and further configured to connect the at least one detection coil to be evaluated to an operating voltage and to a reference potential to commence an excitation phase, wherein the at least one flat detection coil is charged and the capacitor is not charged during the excitation phase.

US Pat. No. 10,458,814

DEVICE FOR DETERMINING A POSITION OF AN ELEMENT

ZF Friedrichshafen AG, F...

1. A device for inductive positioning determination, comprising:a coil;
an element for influencing a magnetic field in an area of the coil, wherein the element is selectively movable relative to the coil between a plurality of positions;
a signal generator for providing a digital signal;
a delay element with an input and an output, wherein the delay element includes the coil and a delay period between a signal edge at the input of the delay element and a corresponding signal edge at the output of the delay element is dependent on an inductance of the coil;
a comparator for providing a digital differential impulse, the digital differential impulse having a length dependent on a time difference of corresponding signal edges at the input and the output of the delay element;
an integrator for providing a voltage depending on the length of the digital differential impulse; and
an evaluator configured to provide an analog determination of the distance between the element and the coil based on the voltage provided by the integrator.

US Pat. No. 10,458,813

MAGNETIC FIELD SENSOR AND MAGNETIC FIELD SENSING METHOD

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A magnetic field sensor, comprising:at least one magneto-resistive spin-valve sensor element configured to sense a first component of a magnetic field; and
at least one anisotropic magneto-resistive (AMR) sensor element configured to sense a second component of the magnetic field perpendicular to the first component of the magnetic field,
wherein the at least one magneto-resistive spin-valve sensor element and the at least one AMR sensor element have different structures, and
wherein the at least one magneto-resistive spin-valve sensor element and the at least one AMR sensor element are configured to simultaneously sense with one another.

US Pat. No. 10,458,812

SENSOR OUTPUT CONFIGURATION

InvenSense, Inc., San Jo...

1. A method of sensor output configuration comprising:acquiring, for a sensor, sensor output specifications for a plurality of sensor clients, wherein a first sensor output specification for a first of said plurality of sensor clients defines a first value for a sensor parameter, wherein a second sensor output specification for a second of said plurality of sensor clients defines a second value for said sensor parameter, and wherein said first value and said second value are different;
based on said sensor output specifications for said plurality of sensor clients, configuring a sensor processing unit which includes said sensor to:
simultaneously provide an output of said sensor to said plurality of sensor clients according to said first value while a first operational condition is met; and
cease providing said output of said sensor according to said first value and switch to simultaneously providing said output of said sensor to said plurality of sensor clients according to said second value while a second operational condition is met, wherein said first operational condition and said second operational condition are different, and wherein as part of said switch said sensor processor unit adjusts sensor operation by changing said sensor parameter from said first value to said second value.