US Pat. No. 10,338,152

INTERNAL CONDITION ESTIMATING SYSTEM AND ESTIMATING METHOD

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. An internal condition estimating system that estimates a system state of charge (“SOC”) of an electricity storage system block comprising a plurality of batteries, the internal condition estimating system comprising:a voltage measuring unit measuring a voltage of the plurality of batteries;
a current measuring unit measuring a current flowing through the plurality of batteries;
a system cell voltage determining unit determining, based on a voltage value of the plurality of batteries measured by the voltage measuring unit, a system cell voltage; and
a system SOC estimating unit estimating, based on the current flowing through the battery and the system cell voltage, the SOC of the electricity storage system block,
wherein the batteries in the electricity storage system block are connected in a multiple parallel-series connection, in which a plurality of groups are connected in parallel, the groups each including the batteries connected in series,
the current measuring unit is installed at one location in the electricity storage system block, and calculates the current value flowing through the battery that configures the electricity storage system block based on the current value measured at the installation location,
the system cell voltage determining unit determining the system cell voltage by giving a weighting to the voltage value in accordance with a pre-calculated SOC of the electricity storage system block.

US Pat. No. 10,338,151

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MEASURING A DC VOLTAGE SUCH AS THE VOLTAGE OF A MOTOR VEHICLE BATTERY

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for measuring a DC voltage, the DC voltage being voltage Vbat of a motor vehicle battery, according to which the voltage Vbat is converted into a digital value Nbat by an analog-to-digital converter with which a reference voltage Vref is associated, the method comprising:delivering, to the analog-to-digital converter, a standard voltage Vo coming from a standard voltage source;
converting the standard voltage Vo into a digital value Nvo; and
computing a digital value Ncor representing the digital value of the voltage Vbat, such that:
Ncor=Co×(Nbat/Nvo),
Co consisting of a constant such that:
Co=Ncor_max×(2N/Nbat_max)×(Vo/Vref),
where:
Ncor_max is a value selected for coding the maximum value of Ncor,
Nbat_max is a digital value resulting from the conversion of the maximum voltage Vbat_max to be measured, and
N is the number of bits of the analog-to-digital converter.

US Pat. No. 10,338,150

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ESTIMATING BATTERY SYSTEM ENERGY CAPABILITY

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of determining an energy capability of a battery system of a vehicle, the vehicle including a drivetrain and an electric drive motor connected to the drivetrain, the battery system including a battery pack operable to power the electric drive motor, and a battery controller operable to control the battery pack, the method comprising:control, by the battery controller of the vehicle, a discharge operation of the battery pack to power the electric drive motor;
determining, by the battery controller based on one or more voltage signals received from one or more sensors for measuring battery system voltage, a voltage offset of the battery system based on a comparison of an estimated open circuit voltage (“OCV”) of the battery system and a measured voltage of the battery system;
determining a relationship between an OCV of the battery system and a state of charge (“SOC”) of the battery system;
determining, by the battery controller, a total pack energy of the battery system, wherein determining the total pack energy of the battery system comprises integrating a curve with the voltage offset, wherein the curve is associated with the relationship between the OCV of the battery system and the SOC of the battery system;
determining, by the battery controller, a remaining pack energy of the battery system by integrating a portion of the curve with the voltage offset, wherein the portion of the curve is associated with the relationship between the OCV of the battery system and the SOC of the battery system from an estimated pack SOC;
determining, by the battery controller, an energy capability of the battery system based on the remaining pack energy and the total pack energy; and
implementing, by the battery controller, a control action based on the determined energy capability, the control action comprising adjusting a speed and/or acceleration operating condition of the drivetrain of the vehicle based on an estimated vehicle range associated with the determined energy capability.

US Pat. No. 10,338,149

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CALCULATING SOC OF A BATTERY BEING CHARGED AND BATTERY PACK INCLUDING THE APPARATUS

Contemporary Amperex Tech...

1. A method for calculating a SOC (State of Charge) of a battery being charged, the method being applied in a battery management system and comprising:obtaining a full charge voltage and a reference charging voltage curve of the battery, wherein the reference charging voltage curve at least comprises an approximately linear ascent stage;
taking a voltage value from the approximately linear ascent stage of the reference charging voltage curve as a preset reference voltage, and obtaining a reference SOC corresponding to the preset reference voltage;
obtaining a charging voltage curve by measuring voltage of the battery over time in a current charging state of the battery, and acquiring a current charging voltage at which the charging voltage curve enters into an approximately linear ascent stage;
determining a compensation factor according to the preset reference voltage, the full charge voltage, and the current charging voltage;
utilizing the compensation factor and the reference SOC to calculate a current SOC corresponding to the current charging state of the battery, wherein the compensation factor is utilized to convert a voltage difference between the current charging voltage and the preset reference voltage into a SOC difference between the current SOC and the reference SOC.

US Pat. No. 10,338,148

COMMUNICATION DEVICE AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

1. A communication system comprising:a first communication device and a second communication device, both of which include a measurement unit that measures a physical state of a measurement object; and a wireless communication unit that transmits a measurement result of the measurement unit using time division wireless communication, wherein the wireless communication unit transmits the measurement result using wireless communication during a first time slot in the time division wireless communication which is allocated beforehand, and wherein the measurement unit starts an operation for measuring the physical state of the measurement object during a second time slot which differs from the first time slot in the time division wireless communication; and
a controller that wirelessly communicates with the first and second communication devices,
wherein the controller transmits, using wireless communication, a signal for allocating the first time slot and a transmission instruction for directing the transmission of the measurement result during the allocated first time slot to each of the first and second communication devices,
wherein the first and second communication devices transmit the measurement results to the controller using wireless communication during the first time slot according to the transmission instruction,
wherein the controller transmits, using wireless communication, a signal for allocating the second time slot that differs from the first time slot and a measurement instruction for directing the measurement of the physical state of the measurement object in the allocated second time slot to each of the first and second communication devices,
wherein the first and second communication devices start operations for measuring the physical states of the measurement objects during the second time slot according to the measurement instruction,
wherein the controller allocates the second time slots that overlap each other in timing for the first and second communication devices, and
wherein the first and second communication devices measure the physical states of the measurement objects concurrently according to the second time slot allocated from the controller.

US Pat. No. 10,338,147

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING A RELATIVE STATE OF CHARGE OF A BATTERY

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

13. A system for computing an RSOC of a battery, comprising:a current sense circuit coupled to the battery and configured to measure a current of the battery;
a battery charger coupled to the battery and the current sense unit, and configured to transmit data corresponding to a charge mode for the battery, wherein the charge mode for the battery is one of a constant current charge mode and a constant voltage charge mode; and
a fuel gauge circuit, coupled to the battery charger and the current sense circuit, comprising:
a memory configured to store:
a first battery current;
a second battery current; and
a previously-computed RSOC value;
a first RSOC calculation circuit coupled to the memory and configured to compute a first RSOC value during the constant voltage charge mode, wherein the first RSOC value is based on:
a predetermined terminal current, wherein the predetermined terminal current corresponds to a 100% RSOC,
the first and second battery currents, and
a previously-computed RSOC value;
a second RSOC calculation circuit coupled to the memory and configured to compute a second RSOC value during the constant current charge mode, wherein the second RSOC value is computed according to a computation different from the first RSOC calculation circuit; and
wherein the fuel gauge circuit is configured to report one of the first RSOC value and the second RSOC value to a display unit to maintain continuity between the previously-computed RSOC value and the one of the first and second RSOC values.

US Pat. No. 10,338,146

METHOD FOR DETERMINING A CONTROL OBSERVER FOR THE SOC

AVL List GmbH, Graz (AT)...

1. A method for determining a control observer (13) to estimate a state of charge (SoC) of a battery (10), comprising the following method steps:specifying an initial excitation signal of the battery (10), wherein the excitation signal comprises a time sequence of a plurality of design points defined by a load current (1) and an SoC value;
specifying an initial model of the battery (10) having a model output (y) and model parameters (?);
determining an optimized experimental design in form of an optimized time sequence of design points by use of a model based design of experiments method on the basis of a Fisher information matrix (IFIM), defined by
and a judgment criterion;impinging the battery (10) with the individual design points in the time-sequence according to the determined experimental design, wherein measurements are obtained by state variables of the battery (10);
determining a nonlinear model of the battery (10) on the basis of the measurements and by a local model network comprising a number of local, linear, time-variant, and dynamic models (LMi), which are respectively valid in specific ranges of input variables, wherein the model output is determined as a weighted linear combination of the outputs of the local models (LMi);
converting the local models (LMi) of the model network into local, linear state space models having a state vector comprising the SoC;
creating a local observer for each local, linear state space model;
creating the control observer (13) from a linear combination of the local observers; and
wherein the SoC of the battery is estimated based on the control observer by a battery management system which uses the SoC to control the operation of the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,338,145

VOLTAGE MONITORING SYSTEM

LG Chem, Ltd., Seoul (KR...

1. A voltage monitoring system, comprising:a microcontroller having an analog-to-digital converter, a memory device, a monitoring application, and a hardware abstraction layer;
the analog-to-digital converter having a first channel that is electrically coupled to a voltage source;
the monitoring application sending a request message to the hardware abstraction layer utilizing a call instruction that requests a measured voltage value from the first channel, the request message having a first encoded channel number associated with the first channel;
the hardware abstraction layer determining a first channel number of the first channel by reading a first record of a first table stored in the memory device utilizing the first encoded channel number as an index, the first record of the first table having the first encoded channel number and the first channel number therein;
the hardware abstraction layer obtaining a measured voltage value associated with the first channel number from the analog-to-digital converter;
the hardware abstraction layer determining a second encoded channel number by reading a first record of a second table stored in the memory device utilizing the first channel number from the first table as an index, the first record of the second table having a second channel number and the second encoded channel number therein; the second channel number being equal to the first channel number, the second encoded channel number being associated with the first channel; and
the hardware abstraction layer sending a response message having the second encoded channel number and the measured voltage value therein to the monitoring application.

US Pat. No. 10,338,144

CALCULATION APPARATUS AND CALCULATION METHOD

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A battery system comprising:a lithium ion battery including a cathode and an anode;
a current detector detecting a current flow in the lithium ion battery;
a voltage detector detecting a terminal voltage between the cathode and the anode; and
at least one processor that;
receives, from the voltage detector, a plurality of voltage values representing a temporal change in the terminal voltage over a time period;
receives, from the current detector, a plurality of current values at times within the time period;
performs a regression analysis on a predicted temporal change based on the plurality of current values and the plurality of voltage values to calculate internal state parameters including a quantity of active material of the cathode, a quantity of active material of the anode, an initial charged capacity of the cathode an initial charged capacity of the anode, and an internal resistance, wherein the regression analysis is performed so that the calculated internal state parameters minimize a sum of differences between the detected terminal voltages and estimated terminal voltages at the times within the time period, and the estimated terminal voltages are calculated based on the internal state parameters as variables and the detected current values;
calculates an open circuit voltage of the lithium ion battery based on a charged capacity of the lithium ion battery as a variable and the internal state parameters;
searches for a value of the charged capacity of the lithium ion battery when the calculated open circuit voltage reaches a predetermined upper limit voltage to obtain an upper limit charged capacity in a predetermined range based the value searched for;
modifies the calculated quantity of active material of a first electrode to a fixed value, wherein the first electrode corresponds to either the cathode or anode;
recalculates the initial charged capacity of the first electrode based on the calculated initial charged capacity of the first electrode, the quantity of active material of the first electrode modified to the fixed value, the upper limit charged capacity, and the originally calculated quantity of active material of the first electrode so that the open circuit voltage of the lithium ion battery corresponding to the upper limit charged capacity does not change before and after modifying the calculated quantity of active material of the first electrode to the fixed value;
uses the recalculated initial charged capacity and the upper limit charged capacity to determine a full charge capacity of the lithium ion battery; and
outputs, to a display device, the full charge capacity of the lithium ion battery.

US Pat. No. 10,338,143

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DIAGNOSING A FAULT CONDITION IN AN ELECTRIC MACHINE

ROLLS-ROYCE plc, London ...

1. A fault diagnosis apparatus for diagnosing a fault condition in an electric machine, the electric machine comprising a rotor having an axis of rotation and comprising a plurality of permanent magnets, the fault diagnosis apparatus comprising:a magnetic flux density sensor which is configured such that rotation of the rotor causes each of the plurality of permanent magnets to pass the magnetic flux density sensor; and
a processor configured to:
measure values of magnetic flux density using the magnetic flux density sensor at a plurality of positions of the rotor;
analyse the measured values of magnetic flux density and compare a magnitude of a peak amplitude in a time or frequency domain with a reference value; and,
if the peak amplitude is below the reference value, determine that the electric machine has a fault condition,
the processor being additionally configured to:
determine the difference between the magnitude of the peak amplitude and the reference value, wherein if the electric machine is determined to have a fault condition, the severity of the fault condition is determined based on the difference.

US Pat. No. 10,338,142

FAULTY LOAD DETECTION FOR MULTI-PHASE ELECTRIC MOTOR

Elmos Semiconductor AG, ...

1. A method for obtaining an indication of a faulty load condition of a multi-phase electric brushless DC motor with electric commutation and electric drive control which is supplied by a DC voltage source, the brushless DC motor including a plurality of motor phases and having a drive unit which, per motor phase, comprises a high-side switch and a low-side switch, wherein the high-side and low-side switches of the motor phases are cyclically switched according to a switching scheme which generates time points at which a current through a motor phase experiences, in the motor phase, a zero crossing that, owing to an inductive load portion of the brushless DC motor, is temporally shifted relative to a time point of the zero crossing, wherein, without the faulty load condition, the time point of the zero crossing is within an expected value range, comprising,detecting, during one of a predetermined high-side and low-side phase connection occurring in the switching scheme of the brushless DC motor supplied by the DC voltage source, a time when the current through one of a switched-on high-side and switched-on low-side switch becomes greater or smaller than a presettable threshold value,
measuring, from a presettable time point of the switching scheme, a time interval within which the current through the one of the switched-on high-side and switched-on low-side switch of one of the plurality of motor phases becomes greater or smaller than the presettable threshold value,
comparing one of (1) the measured time intervals of the individual motor phases among each other, and (2) the measured time intervals of each motor phase with one or more other measured time intervals from the respective motor phase and (3) the measured time intervals of the respective motor phases with presettable respective expected value ranges, and
evaluating a deviation, from presettable expected value ranges, of (a) the amount of the measured time intervals in the motor phases among each other and/or (b) the amount of the measured time intervals in one motor phase with one or more other measured intervals from the respective motor phase, as being an indication of the faulty load condition.

US Pat. No. 10,338,141

POWER SUPPLY PROTECTIVE DEVICE, POWER SUPPLY DEVICE AND SWITCH FAILURE DIAGNOSING METHOD

GS YUASA INTERNATIONAL LT...

1. A power supply protective device comprising:a first switch provided between a first terminal to which at least one of a load and a charger is connected and a second terminal to which a power supply is connected;
a switching circuit connected in parallel to the first switch and including a second switch and a voltage drop element connected in series to the second switch, the voltage drop element causing a voltage drop of a reference voltage by a current flow;
a voltage detection unit which detects at least one voltage of a first voltage as a voltage of the first terminal, a second voltage as a voltage of the second terminal, and a third voltage as a voltage at a point between the second switch and the voltage drop element; and
a control unit which gives, to the first switch and the second switch, an open instruction to bring the switch into an open state and a close instruction to bring the switch into a closed state to control switching, and obtains a voltage from the voltage detection unit,
wherein the control unit, (1) when obtaining an open voltage in a case where the second switch is brought into the closed state and the first switch is brought into the open state during discharging of the power supply, and obtaining a close voltage in a case where the second switch is brought into the closed state and the first switch is brought into the closed state during discharging of the power supply, diagnoses the first switch as having a failure or not on the basis of the open voltage and the close voltage,
(2) when executing first instruction processing of giving the close instruction to the first switch and the second switch, if a voltage difference between the first voltage and the second voltage detected by the voltage detection unit during execution of the first instruction processing is less than a first threshold voltage, determines that the first switch has no open failure, and/or when the third voltage detected by the voltage detection unit during execution of the first instruction processing is not less than a second threshold voltage, determines that the second switch has no open failure.

US Pat. No. 10,338,140

MEASUREMENTS IN SWITCH DEVICES

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A device comprising:a switch including a control terminal, a first load terminal, and a second load terminal,
an amplifier,
a magnetoresistive sensor bridge comprising a plurality of magnetoresistive sensors and configured to measure a current flowing between the first load terminal and the second load terminal, wherein a first magnetoresistive sensor of the plurality of magnetoresistive sensors includes a plurality of selectable taps along the first magnetoresistive sensor, and wherein the plurality of selectable taps are switchable to couple to the amplifier, and
a current mirror based sensor to measure the current between the first load terminal and the second load terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,338,139

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SCAN CHAIN REORDERING AND OPTIMIZATION IN PHYSICAL IMPLEMENTATION OF DIGITAL INTEGRATED CIRCUITS WITH ON-CHIP TEST COMPRESSION

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method comprising:receiving a circuit model that includes logic circuits that are represented by respective cells, wherein a plurality of cells are arranged in at least one ordered scan chain;
inserting, into the circuit model, a dummy end cell at an end of the at least one ordered scan chain, such that a previously end cell of the ordered scan chain becomes an intermediate cell of the ordered scan chain and is made available for reordering;
reordering the at least one ordered scan chain to a reordered scan chain based, at least in part, upon a set of timing constraints, wherein reordering comprises keeping the dummy end cell of the ordered scan chain as the end cell of the reordered scan chain; and
generating a physical circuit model that includes the reordered scan chain.

US Pat. No. 10,338,138

LOW COST DESIGN FOR TEST ARCHITECTURE

1. A method of testing integrated circuits with the aid of a computer comprising the steps of:within the computer, for each integrated circuit,
receiving cores and test environments representing the integrated circuit, the test environment including a test sequence and corresponding topology;
generating test patterns of all cores and their test environments in parallel;
for the given test sequence and topology, computing the translation vectors for all sinks specified in the topology, wherein the topology provides channel connectivity information to identify the source and sink for a test;
combining the core test patterns with the translation vectors to obtain test patterns of the target system;
testing the integrated circuit by applying the test patterns of the target system; and
generating from the test results a final design of the integrated circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,338,137

HIGHLY ACCURATE DEFECT IDENTIFICATION AND PRIORITIZATION OF FAULT LOCATIONS

CADENCE DESIGN SYSTEMS, I...

1. A method for identification of locations of defects in a circuit, the method comprising:applying, with a processor, a plurality of different defect analysis techniques to fault data associated with the circuit, wherein the plurality of defect analysis techniques includes per-fail scoring analysis, per-cycle scoring analysis, and per-pattern scoring analysis;
performing, with the processor, a plurality of different defect identification techniques on the applied plurality of defect analysis techniques, wherein the plurality of defect identification techniques are selected from a group that includes (i) circuit topology based fail partitioning and (ii) software based fail partitioning;
generating, with the processor, a defect report for each of the plurality of defect analysis techniques based on the performed defect identification techniques, wherein each defect report identifies at least one probable defect location;
performing, with the processor, a fault analysis on each of the identified probable defect locations in the defect reports, wherein a same probable defect location identified in a plurality of the defect reports is ranked higher than a probable defect location identified in only one of the defect reports; and
generating, with the processor, a report of the probable defect locations based on the fault analysis.

US Pat. No. 10,338,136

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT WITH LOW POWER SCAN SYSTEM

NXP USA, INC., Austin, T...

1. An integrated circuit operable in a scan mode, comprising:at least one scan chain formed by a plurality of cascaded flip-flop cells, wherein the scan chain receives a scan input signal (SI), and outputs a scan output signal (SO), and wherein each flip-flop cell comprises:
a master latch that receives a first data signal and generates a first latch signal based on a clock signal;
a slave latch, connected to the master latch, that receives the first latch signal and generates a second latch signal based on the clock signal;
a first multiplexer having first and second input terminals respectively connected to the master and slave latches that receives a first input signal and the second latch signal, and generates a scan data output signal (SDO) depending on an input trigger signal, wherein the first input signal is one of the first data signal and the first latch signal;
a first logic gate that gates the clock signal provided to the slave latch with the input trigger signal; and
at least one second logic gate that receives the input trigger signal and generates an output trigger signal as the input trigger signal of a next flip-flop cell in the at least one scan chain, and
wherein the plurality of flip-flop cells include at least a first flip-flop cell that receives the scan input signal, and a last flip-flop cell that outputs its scan data output signal as the scan output signal, and
wherein starting from the last flip-flop cell of the at least one scan chain, every N flip-flop cells of the plurality of flip-flop cells are configured as a subset, wherein N is a natural number greater than 1, wherein in the scan mode, the input trigger signal to each of the N flip-flop cells in each subset is asserted successively from a last flip-flop cell of each subset in a round-robin manner.

US Pat. No. 10,338,135

EXTRACTING DEBUG INFORMATION FROM FPGAS IN MULTI-TENANT ENVIRONMENTS

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A system, comprising:a host computing device executing two or more user partitions at a first privilege level and executing a privileged host partition at a second privilege level greater than the first privilege level, wherein the first privilege level allows access to at least one of the two or more user partitions and restricts access to the privileged host partition, and the second privilege level allows access to the privileged host partition; and
a reconfigurable logic device having reconfigurable logic programmed to include two or more application logic units, each of the application logic units associated with one of the user partitions and being configured to communicate debug data generated by operating the application logic unit via a different communication lane to the associated user partition.

US Pat. No. 10,338,134

INTERFACE BOARD, A MULTICHIP PACKAGE (MCP) TEST SYSTEM INCLUDING THE INTERFACE BOARD, AND AN MCP TEST METHOD USING THE MCP TEST SYSTEM

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An interface board for testing a multichip package, wherein the multichip package comprises a first type semiconductor chip and a second type semiconductor chip, the interface board comprising:a first surface facing the multichip package and a second surface facing a test apparatus,
the first surface comprises upper terminals that are configured to be electrically connected to terminals of the multichip package,
the second surface comprises lower terminals that are configured to be electrically connected to the test apparatus, and
the upper terminals comprise a first upper terminal group for testing the first type semiconductor chip and a second upper terminal group for testing whether a crack defect exists in the second type semiconductor chip,
wherein a first portion of the second upper terminal group is configured to be electrically connected to power terminals of the second type semiconductor chip and a second portion of the second upper terminal group is configured to be electrically connected to channel terminals of the second type semiconductor chip, and
wherein the first portion of the second upper terminal group is provided with a channel signal to test whether the crack defect exists in the second type semiconductor chip and the first upper terminal group is grounded while the channel signal is input to the first portion of the second upper terminal group.

US Pat. No. 10,338,133

MULTI-LAYER INTEGRATED CIRCUITS HAVING ISOLATION CELLS FOR LAYER TESTING AND RELATED METHODS

Duke University, Durham,...

1. An integrated circuit comprising:first and second layers each comprising at least one electronic component, wherein the at least one electronic component of each layer are electrically connected by a first via and a second via; and
an isolation cell operatively connected between the first via and the second via, and wherein the isolation cell is configured to controllably break electrical connection between the first via and the second via subsequent to testing of the at least one electronic component of the second layer.

US Pat. No. 10,338,132

WEAR-OUT MONITOR DEVICE

Analog Devices Global, H...

1. An integrated circuit device with wear out monitoring, the integrated circuit device comprising:a core circuit;
a wear-out monitor device configured to adjust an indication of wear out of the core circuit regardless of whether the core circuit is activated; and
a sensing circuit configured to detect an electrical property associated with the wear-out monitor device, wherein the electrical property is indicative of the wear out of the core circuit,
wherein the wear-out monitor device comprises a substrate and monitor atoms configured to diffuse in the substrate, wherein a doping profile of the monitor atoms in the substrate is indicative of wear out of the core circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,338,131

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HIGH VOLTAGE STRESS TESTING PLURALITY OF PARALLEL UNITS

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A system for testing a first chip and a second chip, said system comprising:a chip mounting board having a chip mounting area, an input port, an input bus, an output bus, an output port and a mounting port; and
a docking board having an input connector, an output connector and a mounting element,
wherein said chip mounting board is operable to be removably mounted upon said docking board such that said mounting element corresponds to said mounting port, said input connector electrically connects with said input port and said output connector electrically connects with said output port,
wherein said chip mounting area is arranged to receive the first chip and the second chip in parallel connection between said input bus and said output bus.

US Pat. No. 10,338,130

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ELECTRICAL SPARK DETECTION

Chentronics, LLC, Norwic...

1. An electrical spark detection system, comprising:an acoustic sensor adapted to sense a spark sound wave generated by an electrical spark generator, the spark sound wave propagating through an igniter rod in acoustic communication with the acoustic sensor;
a spark detector, in communication with the acoustic sensor, adapted to:
(a) identify a first time period when an ignition signal is sent to the electrical spark generator,
(b) identify a second time period defining when the acoustic sensor senses the spark sound wave,
(c) identify a spark characteristic based on a temporal relationship between the first and second time periods as compared to a predetermined time range, and
(d) generate an output defining the spark characteristic; and,
a pulse-echo generator located at a first end of the igniter rod for generating a pulse sound wave;
wherein:
the acoustic sensor is adapted to sense a reflected pulse sound wave based on the pulse sound wave reflected off a second end of the igniter rod;
the spark detector is adapted to calibrate the predetermined time range based on a length of the igniter rod and a third time period defined by when the pulse sound wave is generated and the acoustic sensor senses the reflected pulse sound wave.

US Pat. No. 10,338,129

DETERIORATION DETECTION DEVICE FOR PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A deterioration detection device for detecting deterioration of a printed circuit board in an electronic device, the deterioration detection device comprising:a deterioration state detection unit including
a monitoring conductor for detecting deterioration, and
a voltage supply conductor for supplying voltage arranged on the printed circuit board at a distance from the monitoring conductor, wherein
the voltage supply conductor is applied a given voltage by a voltage source through a plurality of points,
the monitoring conductor is applied, from the voltage supply conductor and through a resistance between the monitoring conductor and the voltage supply conductor, a voltage lower than that applied to the voltage supply conductor, and
a variation of the voltage from the monitoring conductor is detected as an output signal indicative of a deterioration state of the printed circuit board; and
a deterioration determination detection unit configured to
determine and detect the deterioration state of the printed circuit board, based on the output signal of the deterioration state detection unit, and
output a deterioration detection signal,
wherein the deterioration state detection unit comprises one or more amplifier circuits connected to the monitoring conductor such that an output or outputs of the amplifier circuit or circuits are regarded as the output of the deterioration state detection unit.

US Pat. No. 10,338,128

LIFE ESTIMATION CIRCUIT AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE MADE USING THE SAME

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A life estimation circuit for estimating life of a power element, the life estimation circuit comprising:a temperature detector configured to detect temperature of the power element;
an inflection point detection unit configured to detect an inflection point of temperature variation in the power element based on a result of the detection by the temperature detector;
an operation unit configured to determine an absolute value of a difference between the temperature of the power element at an inflection point detected this time by the inflection point detection unit and the temperature of the power element at an inflection point detected last time by the inflection point detection unit;
a count circuit configured to count the number of times of occurrence of a first temperature variation in which the absolute value of the difference in temperature determined by the operation unit reaches a first threshold temperature; and
a signal generation unit configured to output a signal related to the life of the power element based on a count value from the count circuit, where in the inflection point detection unit includes a differentiation circuit, a pulse generation circuit, an A/D conversion circuit, and a write circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,338,127

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR IDENTIFYING FULL PARAMETERS OF ELEMENT BY FAULT RECORDING AND FAULT LOCATING METHOD

Yushan Hao, Hebei (CN)

1. A method for identifying full parameters of a line by a fault recording data, wherein, comprising the following steps:S1: inputting, by an inputting device, fault recording data related to the line;
S2: conducting data processing, by a processor, on the fault recording data, comprising:
S21, transforming scale,
S22, aligning time scale of the recording data,
S23a, determining an upper limit fcs for the sampling frequency, controlling a low-pass filter whose the cut-off frequency fc is less than fcs performing a digital low-pass filtering for filtering the high-frequency signals to avoid frequency mixing when conducting re-sampling;
S23b, conducting re-sampling on the recording data with a frequency which is less than or equal to fcs, and
S23, intercepting data during the fault time;
S3: identifying, by the processor, full parameters of the line by the intercepted data and an differential equation of the full parameters of the line, comprising:
according to the state equations which changed from the differential equation of full parameters of the line,

Where X is a state variable vector, t is time, u is a control vector, y is a output vector, A is a state matrix, and B, C and D are matrixes or vectors,
identifying the estimated values Â, B, ?, D for the matrixes A, B, C, D; and
determining a resistance matrix R, a inductance matrix L and a capacitance matrix C according to the relationship of A, B, C, D for deducing the differential equation of full parameters of the line and the line parameters RLC;
Wherein, for the differential equation of full parameters of a fault line:

Where Rabcf is determined by the fault type, and if a is connected to the ground, rbf=?, rcf=?, raf=rf; if b is connected to the ground, raf=?, rcf=?, rbf=rf; if c is connected to the ground, raf=?, rbf=?, rcf=rf; if a and b are both connected to the ground, raf=rf1, rbf=rf2, rcf=?; if b and c are both connected to the ground, raf=?, rbf=rf1, rcf=rf2; if a and c are both connected to the ground, raf=rf1, rbf=?, rcf=rf2; and
identifying together the parameters of ?, rf or rf1 and rf2 and the parameters of Rabc1, Labc1, Cabc1, Gabc1, wherein the line parameters Rabc=Rabc1+Rabc2, Labc=Labc1+Labc2, Cabc=(Cabc1+Cabc2)/2 and Gabc=(Gabc1+Cabc2)/2;
and
S4: outputting, by an outputting device, an identified result.

US Pat. No. 10,338,126

OPEN LOAD DETECTION IN OUTPUT STAGES

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. An open load detection circuit comprising:a circuit output configured to provide an output voltage to a load,
a first switch coupled to the circuit output and to a first supply voltage and configured to switch the load,
at least one delta voltage circuit coupled to the circuit output and configured to provide a delta voltage, wherein the at least one delta voltage circuit is further coupled to the first switch and configured to create a reduction in voltage magnitude of the first supply voltage to a switch voltage of the first switch and to provide the switch voltage to the circuit output,
at least one current source coupled to the circuit output and configured to provide a current to the circuit output and to overcome the switch voltage provided to the circuit output in a case of an open load condition, and
at least one comparator including a first input coupled to the circuit output, wherein the at least one comparator is configured to provide a failure signal in the case of an open load condition.

US Pat. No. 10,338,125

TEST POINT ADAPTER FOR COAXIAL CABLE CONNECTIONS

PPC BROADBAND, INC., Eas...

1. A test point adaptor for coaxial cables, comprising:a main body having a first longitudinal axis, the main body including:
a first end comprising a first interface,
a second end comprising a second interface, and
a first center conductor extending at least from the first interface to the second interface;
a test body having a second longitudinal axis arranged transversely to the first longitudinal axis, the test body including:
an outer conductive sleeve,
a test body end comprising a third interface,
an electrically conductive contact member in electrical contact with the first center conductor, and
a gripping arrangement electrically coupled with the electrically conductive contact member;
a cap including
a sleeve configured to matingly engage an outer surface of the outer conductive sleeve, and
a terminator configured to be aligned with and received by the gripping arrangement, which electrically couples the terminator to the electrically conductive contact member; and
a sealing member, wherein
the cap includes an inner surface having an annular groove configured to receive the sealing member,
the sealing member is configured to engage an outer surface of the outer conductive sleeve when the cap is matingly engaged with the outer surface of the outer conductive sleeve to provide a watertight connection at the third interface,
an endmost region of the outer surface of the outer conductive sleeve has an outside diameter that is smaller than a region of the outer conductive surface that engages the sleeve of the cap, and
the sealing member is configured to engage the outer surface of the outer conductive sleeve to achieve the watertight connection when the cap is coupled with the outer conductor sleeve, while the sleeve of the cap does not matingly engage the endmost region of the outer conductive sleeve when the cap is coupled with the outer conductor sleeve.

US Pat. No. 10,338,124

CABLE FAULT DIAGNOSIS METHOD AND SYSTEM

Korea Electrical Safety C...

6. A cable fault diagnosis method comprising:Generating, by an application signal generating unit, an application signal (S(t)), to which a Gaussian-enveloped linear chirp signal, is reflected;
applying, by the application signal generating unit, the application signal (S(t)) to a cable to be inspected;
receiving, by a reflected signal receiving unit, a reflected signal (r(t)) of the application signal reflected from the cable;
calculating, by a calculating unit, a predetermined correlation function (RST(t)) of the application signal (S(t)) and the reflected signal (r(t)) and obtaining a first time (t1) at which the predetermined correlation function (RST(t)) of the application signal (S(t)) and the reflected signal (r(t)) has a global maximum;
calculating, by a calculating unit, a correction signal (e(t)) by removing a delayed application signal (S(t?t1)) from the reflected signal (r(t)), wherein the delayed application signal (S(t?t1)) corresponds to the application signal (S(t)) with a time delay t1;
calculating, by a calculating unit, the predetermined correlation function (RST(t)) of the correction signal (e(t)) and the reflected signal (r(t)) and obtaining a second time (t2) at which the predetermined correlation function (RST(t)) of the correction signal (e(t)) and the reflected signal (r(t)) has a global maximum; and
calculating, by a calculating unit, a time difference (td) between the second time (t2) and the first time (t1), and finding a cable fault location and a fault type using the time difference.

US Pat. No. 10,338,123

FLUID TANK SENSOR NETWORK FAULT DETECTION METHOD

King Fahd University of P...

1. A method for detecting and isolating faults in a fluid tank sensor network including a plurality of sub-systems connected in a cascade, parallel and a feedback fashion, the method comprising:receiving, by a processing circuit, a plurality of signal measurement pairs from consecutive sensors in the fluid tank sensor network, wherein each signal measurement pair corresponds to a path in the fluid tank sensor network, wherein each signal measurement pair is a reference signal-sensor measurement pair or a consecutive sensor measurement pair, and drives a Kalman-filter corresponding to the path in the fluid tank sensor network;
computing, by the processing circuit, a Kalman-filter residual for each signal measurement pair, wherein the Kalman-filter residual indicates the presence of a fault on the path corresponding to the signal measurement pair, when the plurality of signal measurement pairs are associated with all of the plurality of sub-systems;
assigning for each signal measurement pair, a binary-detection value for each sensor and sub-system lying on the path corresponding to the signal measurement pair, based on the computed Kalman-filter residual and a predetermined threshold corresponding to the signal measurement pair;
computing, by the processing circuit, a binary-decision value for each sensor and sub-system in the fluid tank sensor network, by performing a logical-AND operation of the assigned binary-detection values of the sensors and sub-systems;
determining, by the processing circuit, a correlation between the Kalman-filter and hypothesized residual estimates when the plurality of signal measurement are associated with one or more sub-systems to be diagnosed;
computing, by the processing circuit, influence vectors based on a maximum correlation; and
diagnosing and isolating, by the processing circuit, one or more faults in the fluid tank sensor network based on the influence vectors or the binary-decision value of each sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,338,122

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETECTING A FAULT IN AN ELECTRICAL NETWORK

SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC INDUST...

1. A method for detecting and protecting against a fault in an electrical network through which an AC current of nominal frequency flows, the method comprising:acquiring, with an analog sensor, a sinusoidal signal that is representative of the current flowing in the network;
filtering, with an analog filter, the sinusoidal signal;
sampling the filtered sinusoidal signal with a fixed sampling time to provide three sample measurement values S1, S2, and S3, the acquisition of each sample being spaced apart by the sampling time, the sampling time corresponding to a sampling frequency being more than or equal to three times the nominal frequency, the sample measurement value S2 being acquired intermediately in time between the sample measurement values S1 and S3;
calculating an amplitude of the signal, the calculation of the amplitude depending solely on the three acquired samples, being performed using a quotient formed from the three acquired sample measurement values, and being independent of the sampling time, wherein when an absolute value of S2 is below or equal to a minimum threshold, during the step of calculating, the amplitude of the signal remains equal to a preceding calculated value;
determining the fault if the calculated amplitude is above a first predetermined threshold or if the calculated amplitude is below a second predetermined threshold; and
controlling the network to protect against the fault by at least one of opening a circuit in the network, limiting an imminent fault current, or reconfiguring the network to minimize a duration of a post-fault interruption.

US Pat. No. 10,338,121

ELECTRICAL SUPPLY SYSTEM

ELEVARE ENERGY IP PTY LTD...

1. An electrical supply system comprising:a voltage converter comprising:
a voltage converter input electrically coupled to a supply for receiving a supply signal, and
a voltage converter output for supplying an output signal, the output signal having a output voltage different to a supply voltage of the supply signal;
a diode including a diode input electrically coupled to the voltage converter output;
a bus electrically coupled to a diode output and at least one of a load or a store;
a voltage sensor for detecting the output voltage;
a current sensor for detecting a diode input current; and
an electronic processing device coupled to the sensors, and configured to:
monitor the diode input current and the output voltage, and
detect a fault in the electrical supply system based on at least the diode input current and output voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,338,120

METHODS AND APPARATUS TO ANALYZE RADIO FREQUENCY EMISSIONS FROM DEVICES

INTEL CORPORATION, Santa...

1. A measurement device to measure radio frequency emissions, the measurement device comprising:an antenna to collect a radio frequency emission signal;
an amplifier to amplify the radio frequency emission signal;
a calibrator to adjust the amplified radio frequency emissions signal to reverse an effect of the amplifier, and convert the radio frequency emission signal to a far-field signal;
a filter to remove a baseline signal from the radio frequency emission signal; and
an interface to output the filtered radio emission signal.

US Pat. No. 10,338,119

GENERATOR WAVEFORM MEASUREMENT

Kohler Co., Kohler, WI (...

21. The apparatus of claim 20, further comprising:a sensor configured to measure an output of the alternator.

US Pat. No. 10,338,118

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR DETECTING AND CHARACTERIZING ELECTROMAGNETIC EMISSIONS

Aurora Insight Inc., Was...

1. A system for detecting and characterizing electromagnetic emissions, comprising:a plurality of antennas each configured to receive a radio frequency emission, wherein at least one of the plurality of antennas is capable of receiving radio signals over a wide frequency range;
a radio sensor configured to filter the received radio frequency emission to at least mitigate aliasing in a frequency band of interest within the received radio frequency emission;
an analog to digital conversion unit configured to convert the filtered radio frequency emission to a time-domain digital dataset; and
a signal analyzer comprising a processor, a memory, and a plurality of programming instructions stored in the memory and operating on the processor, wherein the plurality of programming instructions, when operating on the processor, cause the processor to:
transform the time-domain digital dataset into a frequency-domain dataset;
perform a plurality of measurement-combining operations on at least a portion of the frequency-domain data including at least calculating a parameter per frequency bin and accumulating the calculated parameters per bin; and
generate a signal-usage dataset by at least analyzing the digital dataset for a plurality of signal usage patterns based at least in part by analysis of the accumulated bin parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,338,117

INDUCED FIELD DETERMINATION USING DIFFUSE FIELD RECIPROCITY

Dassault Systemes Simulia...

4. A system for modeling a wiring system, the system comprising:a wiring system including a conductive element in an enclosing body;
an electromagnetic radiation source;
a user input device;
a display device; and
a processing system coupled to the user input device and the display device and configured to model the wiring system by:
receiving an input from a user via the user input device, the input including a physical dimension of the conductive element and an excitation frequency of the electromagnetic wavefield produced by the electromagnetic radiation source; and
in response to the input:
determining a predicted response of the conductive element to the electromagnetic wavefield by determining a surface electromagnetic impedance matrix for the conductive element, the surface electromagnetic impedance matrix representing electromagnetic radiation of the conductive element in a wavenumber space and being transformed to a physical domain based on the physical dimension of the conductive element and the excitation frequency of the electromagnetic wavefield;
transforming the predicted response to a visual output; and
displaying the visual output on a display device based on the predicted response to model electromagnetic interference induced on the wiring system by the electromagnetic wavefield.

US Pat. No. 10,338,116

ELECTRICAL MEASURING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING THE SYSTEM

1. An electrical measuring system comprising:a six-port circuit including a first input terminal and a second input terminal;
a delay line, wherein, in a first operating mode of the electrical measuring system, an electrical signal is supplyable directly to the first input terminal and is supplyable indirectly, via the delay line, to the second input terminal of the six-port circuit; and
an arithmetic unit, configured to determine a frequency of the electrical signal in dependence on at least one output signal of the six-port circuit, wherein the measuring system, in a second operating mode, is configured
to supply a reference signal to the second input terminal of the six-port circuit and to not supply a signal to the first input terminal of the six-port circuit, and
to determine an existence of an interference signal depending on the at least one output signal of the six-port circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,338,115

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MEASURING THE FREQUENCY OF SIGNALS GENERATED BY HIGH FREQUENCY MEDICAL DEVICES

Covidien LP, Mansfield, ...

1. A method for generating radio frequency electrosurgical energy comprising:generating a radio frequency signal at an oscillator having a signal frequency;
comparing the signal frequency of the radio frequency signal to a threshold frequency at a controller;
adjusting the radio frequency signal in response to the signal frequency being below the threshold frequency until the signal frequency is above the threshold frequency;
amplifying the radio frequency signal at an amplifier to generate an amplified signal;
determining a phase shift of the amplified signal at the controller with respect to a center frequency;
comparing the phase shift to a threshold; and
adjusting the radio frequency signal in response to the phase shift being below the threshold until the phase shift is above the threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,338,114

APPARATUS AND METHOD OF DETERMINING FREQUENCY OF AC POWER SOURCE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A frequency determination apparatus for determining a voltage frequency of an alternating current (AC) power source, comprising:a rectifier connected to the AC power source and configured to rectify an AC voltage input from the AC power source;
a first filter connected to an output terminal of the rectifier and configured to filter a rectified voltage output by the rectifier;
a second filter connected to the output terminal of the rectifier and configured to filter the rectified voltage output by the rectifier; and
a frequency determination unit configured to receive the rectified voltages that pass through the first filter and the second filter and determine the voltage frequency of the AC power source based on the rectified voltage that passes through the first filter using the rectified voltage that passes through the second filter as a frequency determination level,
wherein the frequency determination unit includes:
a comparator configured to compare the rectified voltage that passes through the first filter with the frequency determination level that corresponds to the rectified voltage that passes through the second filter and generate a high or low pulse signal; and
a frequency determiner configured to determine the voltage frequency of the AC power source based on the generated high or low pulse signal.

US Pat. No. 10,338,113

AUTHENTICATION, AUTHORIZATION, AND/OR ACCOUNTING OF POWER-CONSUMING DEVICES

Comcast Cable Communicati...

1. A method comprising:receiving, by a computing device and from a user device, a device profile associated with the user device;
determining, by the computing device and based on the device profile associated with the user device, an expected power consumption of the user device;
determining, by the computing device and based on the expected power consumption of the user device, whether the user device is authorized to access a power source; and
granting, based on determining that the user device is authorized to access the power source, the user device access to the power source.

US Pat. No. 10,338,112

COMMUNICATION OF HISTORICAL AND REAL-TIME INFORMATION ABOUT DEVICES IN A BUILDING

SENSE LABS, INC., Cambri...

1. A system for providing information about a plurality of devices in a building, the system comprising:a power monitor installed in the building and comprising at least one processor and at least one memory, the power monitor configured to:
obtain an electrical signal, wherein the electrical signal corresponds to electrical usage of the plurality of devices in the building, the plurality of devices comprising a first device and a second device;
detect a state change of the first device by processing an electrical event in the electrical signal, wherein the electrical event corresponds to changes in the electrical signal caused by the state change of the first device;
transmit information about the state change of the first device to a first server computer;
establish a continuous network connection with a second server computer;
determine a first amount of power consumption of the second device during a first time period by processing the electrical signal, wherein the continuous network connection is maintained during the first time period and not used to transmit power consumption information during the first time period;
receive an instruction to transmit power consumption information via the continuous network connection;
determine a second amount of power consumption of the second device during a second time period by processing the electrical signal; and
transmit the second amount of power consumption of the second device to the second server computer via the continuous network connection;
the first server computer comprising at least one processor and at least one memory, the first server computer configured to:
receive the information about the state change of the first device and store the information about the state change of the first device in a data store,
establish a first network connection with a user device;
receive an identifier from the user device via the first network connection;
retrieve the information about the state change of the first device from the data store using the identifier;
transmit the information about the state change of the first device to the user device via the first network connection;
the second server computer comprising at least one processor and at least one memory, the second server computer configured to:
establish the continuous network connection with the power monitor prior to establishing a second network connection with the user device;
establish the second network connection with the user device;
receive, from the power monitor via the continuous network connection, the second amount of power consumption of the second device; and
transmit the second amount of power consumption of the second device to the user device via the second network connection.

US Pat. No. 10,338,111

METHOD OF MONITORING OPERATION OF AN ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM AND MONITORING SYSTEM

Omicron Electronics GmbH,...

1. A method of monitoring an electric power system comprising a power utility automation system, the power utility automation system comprising a plurality of intelligent electronic devices (IEDs) communicating via a communication network, the method comprising:generating, by a monitoring system, a system model for the electric power system and the power utility automation system based on configuration information which includes at least one substation configuration description language file (SCL);
monitoring, by the monitoring system during operation of the electric power system, properties of the electric power system, the monitored properties comprising monitored data messages which are transmitted by the plurality of IEDs over the communication network;
evaluating, by the monitoring system, the monitored data messages based on the configuration information to detect a critical event during operation of the electric power system by analyzing a payload data content of at least some of the monitored data messages which includes a process parameter of a primary element of the electric power system; and
determining, by the monitoring system based on the configuration information, whether the payload data content corresponds to a valid behavior of at least one of the electric power system or the power utility automation system by predicting in real-time the payload data content of anticipated data messages between the plurality of IEDs based on the system model, and comparing the monitored data messages to the predicted anticipated data messages,
wherein the predicting comprises using the system model and the process parameter of the primary element included in the data message transmitted by a first IED to predict which value for another process parameter should be included in another data message transmitted by a second IED.

US Pat. No. 10,338,110

DIGITALLY COMPENSATING FOR THE IMPACT OF INPUT BIAS CURRENT ON CURRENT MEASUREMENTS

National Instruments Corp...

1. A method for digitally compensating for an impact of one or more parameters on current measurements, the method comprising:developing a shunt voltage across a current sense element according to a control voltage;
obtaining a shunt voltage value representative of the shunt voltage, comprising measuring the shunt voltage at least via a signal path that includes one or more components having a well-defined operational characteristic with respect to at least one parameter of the one or more parameters;
obtaining a parameter value representative of an actual state of the at least one parameter at the one or more components during the measuring of the shunt voltage; and
adjusting for a change of state of the one or more components that occurs, during the measuring of the shunt voltage, according to the well-defined operational characteristic, comprising adjusting one or more of the following:
the control voltage at least according to the obtained parameter value and the shunt voltage value; or
the shunt voltage value at least according to the obtained parameter value.

US Pat. No. 10,338,109

POWER CABLE MEASUREMENT DEVICE AND MEASUREMENT METHOD THEREOF

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. A power cable measurement device, for measuring a power cable, comprising:a hollow and cylindrical casing, enveloping said power cable, wherein said casing has a first end, a plurality of first end slots positioned on an outer surface of said casing and adjacent to said first end, a second end, and a plurality of second end slots positioned on the outer surface of said casing and adjacent to said second end;
a plurality of current sensing modules, being disposed in said plurality of first end slots and spaced at a first angular interval; and
a plurality of voltage sensing modules, being disposed in said plurality of second end slots and spaced at a second angular interval;
wherein said plurality of current sensing modules includes a first current sensing module, said plurality of voltage sensing modules includes a first voltage sensing module and a second voltage sensing module, and said first current sensing module is aligned to a midpoint between said first voltage sensing module and said second voltage sensing module.

US Pat. No. 10,338,108

LOCKING MECHANISM FOR A FAULTED CIRCUIT INDICATOR

Schweitzer Engineering La...

1. A faulted circuit indicator (FCI) assembly, comprising:current sensor circuitry;
a first housing and a second housing, wherein the first housing and the second housing are configured to enable a power line to be inserted therebetween while in an open position and to enclose the power line therebetween while in a closed position, wherein the first housing and the second housing each comprise at least a portion of the current sensor circuitry;
a locking mechanism comprising:
a lock link;
a lock plate configured to selectively block the lock link to prevent the first housing and the second housing from moving to the open position while the locking mechanism is in a locked position, wherein the lock plate is configured to enable the lock link to move with respect to the lock plate while the locking mechanism is in an unlocked position, and wherein the lock plate comprises an eyelet;
a back plate; and
a cover configured to be fastened to the back plate, wherein the cover comprises an opening configured to enable the eyelet to extend outwardly from the cover to allow insertion of a hot stick within the eyelet.

US Pat. No. 10,338,107

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING A CONTACT BETWEEN AN AERIAL DEVICE AND AN ELECTRICAL POWER SOURCE

Altec Industries, Inc., ...

1. A system for detecting a contact between a boom assembly and an electrical source, the system comprising:a circuit electrically connected to the boom assembly;
a probe for conducting an electric potential from the boom assembly onto the circuit;
wherein the circuit comprises a first leg and a second leg;
wherein the first leg is configured to alter the electric potential on the first leg relative to the electric potential on the second leg;
wherein a difference between the electric potential on first leg and electric potential on second leg induces a voltage on a voltmeter; and
wherein the induced voltage is indicative of the contact between the boom assembly and the electrical source.

US Pat. No. 10,338,106

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DISCRIMINATION OF SOURCES IN STRAY VOLTAGE DETECTION

Power Survey LLC, Secauc...

1. An apparatus for identifying hazardous electric field sources, the apparatus comprising:a mobile detection system comprising:
a sensor probe for measuring electric fields generated by one or more electric field sources proximate to the mobile detection system;
a processor for executing computer-executable instructions, stored on a memory coupled to the processor, the instructions comprising:
determining a ratio between first and second strength components of the electric fields, the first strength component at a first frequency and the second strength component at a second frequency; and
comparing the ratio with signatures of known electric field sources to determine whether a hazardous electric field exists;
a location sensor for collecting location data of the mobile detection system; and
a display that displays electric field data correlated to imagery based on the location data, wherein the hazardous electric fields are indicated on the display.

US Pat. No. 10,338,105

CURRENT DETECTOR THAT PREVENTS FLUCTUATONS IN DETECTION SENSITIVITY

Hitachi Metals, Ltd., To...

1. A current detector, comprising:a full-bridge configuration comprising first to fourth magnetic detection elements, the first and second magnetic detection elements being connected in series and disposed such that a magnetization direction of a magnetic pinned layer thereof is opposite to each other, the third and fourth magnetic detection elements being connected in series and disposed such that a magnetization direction of a magnetic pinned layer thereof is opposite to each other, and the first and second magnetic detection elements being connected in parallel to the third and fourth magnetic detection elements; and
a bias magnetic field generating means for applying a bias magnetic field to two arbitrarily selected from the first to fourth magnetic detection elements and to two remaining magnetic detection elements,
wherein the bias magnetic field has a substantially same intensity, and is formed in a direction substantially orthogonal to the magnetization direction and opposite to each other,
wherein the bias magnetic field generating means applies a first bias magnetic field to first and second detection elements and a second bias magnetic field to third and fourth magnetic detection elements, and
wherein the first and second bias magnetic fields are oriented in a direction substantially orthogonal to the magnetization direction of their respective serially-connected magnetic detection elements.

US Pat. No. 10,338,104

LEAKAGE CURRENT DETECTION DEVICE FOR CONDUCTING WIRES

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A current detection device, comprising:an annular magnetic material core disposed so that a closed magnetic path is formed around a plurality of conducting wires through which conduction currents flow;
an excitation coil wound around the magnetic material core;
an oscillation circuit unit that generates a rectangular wave voltage to be applied to the excitation coil;
a power supply unit that supplies power to a power supply terminal of the oscillation circuit unit; and
a difference current calculation unit formed of a current detection circuit, which detects a first power supply current flowing into the power supply terminal of the oscillation circuit unit from the power supply unit, and a difference current calculation circuit, which calculates a difference current between the conduction currents of the plurality of conducting wires based on the first power supply current,
wherein a second power supply current is measured when the difference current is zero, and
wherein a leakage in the plurality of conducting wires is detected based on a difference between the first power supply current and the second power supply current.

US Pat. No. 10,338,103

VOLTAGE SENSING DEVICE

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. Voltage sensing device for a power carrying conductor, the voltage sensing device comprising:a radially outer electrode operable as a first sensing electrode of a sensing capacitor for sensing the voltage of the power carrying conductor;
a radially inner electrode operable as a second sensing electrode of the sensing capacitor;
a dielectric material arranged between the inner and the outer electrode, and
a contact element electrically connecting the power carrying conductor with the radially inner electrode,
wherein the coefficient of thermal expansion of the material of at least one electrode is selected such that it compensates the temperature dependent parameters of the dielectric material and/or the other electrode, that influences the capacity of the voltage sensing capacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,338,102

VOLTAGE DETECTION DEVICE FOR TRANSFORMING APPARATUS

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. A voltage detection device for a transforming apparatus in which a voltage divider is constituted by providing an intermediate electrode between a central conductor of the transforming apparatus and a tank, to detect a voltage of the central conductor based on a voltage of the voltage divider, the voltage detection device comprising:an incomplete integration circuit having a reverse characteristic to an input/output voltage amplitude ratio-frequency characteristic of a high-pass filter, the high-pass filter formed by a floating electrostatic capacitance between the central conductor and the intermediate electrode, an earth electrostatic capacitance between the intermediate electrode and the tank, and a voltage dividing resistor connected in parallel to the earth electrostatic capacitance; and
a signal processing circuit that outputs a value based on an output voltage of the incomplete integration circuit as the voltage of the central conductor,
wherein an output voltage amplitude-frequency characteristic of the incomplete integration circuit becomes linearly decreasing prior to a cutoff frequency of the high-pass filter, and the cutoff frequency of the high-pass filter is set equal to a cutoff frequency of the incomplete integration circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,338,101

PROBER

Tokyo Seimitsu Co., Ltd.,...

1. A prober comprising:a housing including a plurality of frame members;
a test head configured to inspect electrical characteristics of a wafer;
a wafer chuck configured to hold the wafer;
a probe card having probes on a surface facing the wafer chuck;
a pogo frame provided between the probe card and the test head, and configured to electrically connect the probe card and the test head;
a seal member configured to form a sealed space between the wafer chuck and the probe card;
a pressure reducing unit configured to reduce pressure in the sealed space to allow the wafer chuck to be drawn toward the probe card;
a head stage including a pogo frame attachment portion to which the pogo frame is attached;
a vertical frame member, which is one of the plurality of frame members, the vertical frame member being vertically erected, having a top end and a bottom end, and configured to support the head stage in a first support position directly over the top end of the vertically erected frame member; and
a test head holding part supported by the vertical frame member in a second support position directly over the top end of the vertical frame member, the second support position being different from the first support position, and the test head holding part being configured to hold the test head, the test head holding part including a buffer configured to elastically support the test head.

US Pat. No. 10,338,100

TEST SOCKET

LEENO INDUSTRIAL INC., (...

1. A test socket for inspecting electric properties of a subject, the test socket comprising:a plurality of probes configured to be retractable in a longitudinal direction, each of the probes having a first end and a second end opposite to each other, and the plurality of probes including a first group of probes and a second group of probes;
a probe supporter configured to support the plurality of probes such that the first ends of the plurality of probes are to protrude outward to contact with an object contact point of a subject;
a printed circuit board (PCB) configured to be placed beneath the probe supporter and being mounted with electronic parts, the printed circuit board (PCB) having at least one first pad attached thereto and to which the second ends of the first group of probes come into contact, and at least one second pad attached thereto on an opposite side to the first pad, and with electric paths extended from the first pad and the second pad, respectively, and connected to the mounted electronic parts; and
a lower supporter configured to be placed beneath the printed circuit board (PCB) and having at least one first conductive portion in contact with said at least one second pad,
wherein the printed circuit board (PCB) includes a plurality of first holes and the lower supporter includes a plurality of a plurality of second holes, the first holes and the second holes arranged at locations corresponding to each other,
wherein the second ends of the second group of probes pass through the first holes of the printed circuit board (PCB) and through the second holes of the lower supporter.

US Pat. No. 10,338,099

LOW PROFILE EDGE CLAMP SOCKET

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A socket assembly for a microelectronic device comprising:a body comprising a central socket configured to receive a microelectronic device therein;
a plurality of arms each adjacent to the central socket, each of the plurality of arms rotatably coupled to the body and each of the plurality of arms translatable relative to the body to move between an open position and a closed position, the arms retaining a microelectronic device within the central socket when the arms are in the closed position, the plurality of arms forming an access angle configured to allow electromagnetic communication and physical access to the microelectronic device when the plurality of arms are in the closed position.

US Pat. No. 10,338,098

THERMAL PROBE FOR A NEAR-FIELD THERMAL MICROSCOPE AND METHOD FOR GENERATING A THERMAL MAP

1. A method for generating a thermal map of a sample interface, the method comprising:providing a scanning thermal microscope having a probe tip;
scanning the probe tip over the sample interface at a near-field distance from a top surface of the sample interface;
recording a heat flux data indicative of an amount of a heat flux between the probe tip and the sample interface as a function of a relative position of the probe tip over the sample interface; and
calculating a set of elements of the thermal map from the recorded heat flux data based on a spatially resolved heat flux profile of the probe tip at the sample interface, wherein the heat flux profile has a local maximum at a lateral distance across the sample interface with respect to an apex of the probe tip.

US Pat. No. 10,338,097

JOGGLE JOINTED DETECTION APPARATUS

STROMLINET NANO LIMITED, ...

1. A detection apparatus used for detecting an object, including:a first platform comprising a plurality of first circuit boards being joggle jointed and combined with each other, at least part of the first circuit boards electrically connected to each other, a carrying table for carrying the object to be detected being disposed on the first platform;
a second platform comprising at least one second circuit board, a detection module being disposed on the second platform for detecting the object, and the detection module electrically connected to at least a part of the at least one second circuit board; and
a plurality of screws connected between the first platform and the second platform.

US Pat. No. 10,338,096

METROLOGICAL SCANNING PROBE MICROSCOPE

Oxford Instruments Asylum...

1. An atomic force microscope system that operates to characterize a sample, comprising:an atomic force microscope probe having a cantilever with a tip;
an objective lens which allows optical viewing in an area near the sample, the objective lens operable to direct a light beam to a surface of the cantilever and to obtain a return beam from the surface,the return beam being indicative of movement of the cantilever;a first optical beam positioning unit, comprising:a rotatable steering mirror that is rotatable in two orthogonal axes that are parallel to a reflecting surface of the steering mirror;a light source emitting a first beam directed at the steering mirror, where the first beam has a first wavelength;the steering mirror controlled to reflect the first beam on the surface of the cantilever opposite the tip, by pitching and yawing the steering mirror, and controlling a physical pivot where the two orthogonal axes intersect to coincide with a point of incidence where the first beam is reflected from the mirror;a first mirror receiving the first beam from the first optical beam positioning unit and directing the first beam to the objective lens;said first mirror receiving a reflection of the first beam from the surface of the cantilever, anda first photodetector detecting a first light power of the first light beam reflected form the surface of the cantilever;a second optical beam positioning unit, comprising:a second light source emitting a second beam at a second wavelength different than the first wavelength;a second rotatable steering mirror, that is rotatable in two orthogonal axes that are parallel to a reflecting surface of the rotatable steering mirror,the second steering mirror controlled to reflect the second beam on the surface of the cantilever opposite the tip by pitching and yawing the second steering mirror and controlling a physical pivot where the two orthogonal axes intersect to coincide with a point of incidence where the second beam is reflected from the mirror; anda second mirror receiving the second beam from the second optical beam positioning unit and directing the second beam to the objective lens; anda second photodetector detecting a second light power of the second light beam reflected form the surface of the cantilever;where both the first beam and the second beam are reflected from the surface of the cantilever; andwherein said system is used for a functionality other than measuring probe displacement of the cantilever.

US Pat. No. 10,338,095

METHOD FOR THE CORRECTION OF A MEASURED VALUE CURVE BY ELIMINATING PERIODICALLY OCCURRING MEASUREMENT ARTIFACTS, IN PARTICULAR IN A SOIL COMPACTOR

Hamm AG, Tirschenreuth (...

1. A method for improving precision of a degree of subsoil compaction produced by a rotating compactor roller of a soil compactor in a compaction process, comprising:A) providing a curve representing the motion of the rotating compactor roller, step A) comprising the actions:
a) provision of a measured value curve by recording a circumferential acceleration of the rotating compactor roller in a course of its rotary motion representing a periodically repeating event corresponding to one full rotation of the compaction roller, wherein the circumferential acceleration of the rotating compactor roller is recorded by at least one acceleration sensor;
b) division of the measured value curve into period-measured value curves allocated to a plurality of successive periods of the periodically repeating event, the action b) comprising an action b2) for the subtraction of a period-measured value curve mean value determined for each period-measured value curve from the allocated period-measured value curve for the provision of displaced period-measured value curves;
c) based on the period-measured value curves allocated to the plurality of periods, determination of a mean period-measured value curve;
d) formation of a difference between the period-measured value curves allocated to the plurality of periods, and the mean period-measured value curve for the provision of the difference-period-measured value curves allocated in each case to the periods; and
e) based on the difference period-measured value curves, determination of a corrected measured value curve for the plurality of successive periods of the periodically repeating event for thereby providing the curve representing the motion of the rotating compactor roller, the action e) comprising an action e1) for the determination of back-displaced difference-period-measured value curves by adding the difference-period-measured value curve each with the period-measured value curve mean value determined for the allocated period in the action b2);
B) evaluating the curve representing the motion of the rotating compactor roller for providing information relating to the degree of compaction of the compacted subsoil; and
C) compacting the subsoil via the soil compactor based on the information relating to the degree of compaction.

US Pat. No. 10,338,094

PRETREATMENT APPARATUS AND METHOD OF WHEEL SPEED

Hyundai Autron Co., Ltd.,...

1. An apparatus for pretreating a wheel speed for improving an accuracy in estimating a frequency of the wheel speed in disturbance, comprising:a disk coupled to a wheel of a vehicle;
a tone wheel including a plurality of teeth, wherein the tone wheel is coupled to the disk;
a hall sensor, wherein the hall sensor is installed in the vehicle such that the hall sensor detects each of the plurality of teeth of the tone wheel, and a measurement angle and an offset of each of the plurality of teeth of the tone wheel, wherein the hall sensor generates a speed signal using a frequency of rotation of the tone wheel based on the angle and the offset of each of the plurality of teeth of the tone wheel, and wherein the hall sensor determines a disturbance based on the angle and the offset of each of the plurality of teeth of the tone wheel;
a wheel sensor, the wheel sensor detecting the speed signal and the disturbance; and
a Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS), the TPMS indicting an air pressure of a tire with an improved accuracy in the estimated frequency of the speed signal by correcting a detection error of the wheel sensor caused by the disturbance at the time air pressure of a tire is estimated from the speed signal, wherein the TPMS includes;
an offset correcting unit, the offset correcting unit calculating a corrective offset and correcting the measurement angle with the calculated corrective offset when a disturbance is detected, the offset correcting unit further adding the calculated corrective offset to the measurement angle; and
a frequency estimating unit, the frequency estimating unit estimating a frequency of the speed signal generated by the hall sensor based on a result value calculated from the offset correcting unit,
wherein the offset correcting unit applies the corrective offset to or from the measurement angle of each of the plurality of teeth.

US Pat. No. 10,338,093

PHYSICAL QUANTITY SENSOR AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A physical quantity sensor comprising:a base substrate, the base substrate including:
a first recess having a first bottom surface;
a second recess having a second bottom surface, the second recess being located directly adjacent to the first recess, the second bottom surface being deeper than the first bottom surface;
a first fixed electrode that is provided on the first bottom surface; and
a second fixed electrode that is provided on the first bottom surface, the second fixed electrode being located directly adjacent to the first fixed electrode; and
a sensor member that is made of a low-resistance silicon material and that is located above the base substrate, the sensor member including:
a first part that faces the first fixed electrode via a first gap;
a second part that faces the second fixed electrode via a second gap, the second part being located directly adjacent to the first part, the second part being larger in mass than the first part so that the second part has an additional mass area at an edge of the second part, the additional mass area having three sides;
a first overlapped area in the first part overlapped between the first part and the first fixed electrode in a plan view corresponding to a first sensor electrode; and
a second overlapped area in the second part overlapped between the second part and the second fixed electrode in the plan view corresponding to a second sensor electrode;
a conductor that is provided on the second bottom surface of the second recess,
wherein the first fixed electrode is configured to detect a first electrostatic capacitance between the first part and the first fixed electrode, and the second fixed electrode is configured to detect a second electrostatic capacitance between the second part and the second fixed electrode,
the sensor member is swingable around an axis that is located between the first and second parts,
the second recess is overlapped with the additional mass area of the sensor member in the plan view,
the additional mass area is laterally shifted from the second fixed electrode in the plan view,
the conductor outwardly extends away from the three sides of the additional mass area in the plan view, and
the first bottom surface of the first recess is located higher than a top surface of the conductor in the second recess in a cross sectional view.

US Pat. No. 10,338,092

PHYSICAL QUANTITY SENSOR AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A physical quantity sensor comprising:a semiconductor substrate that includes a support substrate, a buried insulating film disposed on the support substrate, and a semiconductor layer disposed on an opposite side to the support substrate across the buried insulating film;
a movable electrode that is disposed in the semiconductor layer, and displaced according to a physical quantity;
a peripheral part that surrounds the movable electrode and is partitioned from the movable electrode in the semiconductor layer;
a fixed electrode that is disposed to oppose the movable electrode; and
a cap that is joined to the semiconductor layer, and seals the movable electrode, wherein
the support substrate and the cap are maintained at a predetermined potential,
the support substrate includes a contact part that is to be directly and electrically connected to an external circuit, and is maintained at the predetermined potential through the contact part,
the support substrate and the buried insulating film are formed with a movable electrode hole part that reaches a portion of the semiconductor layer electrically connected to the movable electrode, a fixed electrode hole part that reaches a portion of the semiconductor layer electrically connected to the fixed electrode, and a peripheral part hole part that reaches the peripheral part, from a side of the semiconductor substrate opposite to the buried insulating film,
through-electrodes that are to be electrically connected to the external circuit through insulating films are disposed in the movable electrode hole part, the fixed electrode hole part, and the peripheral part hole part,
the cap is electrically connected to the peripheral part to be maintained at the predetermined potential,
the semiconductor substrate has an insulating film on an opposite side to the buried insulating film across the support substrate,
the through-electrode disposed in the peripheral part hole part is connected to a pad part that is disposed on the insulating film to be electrically connected to the external circuit,
the contact part is disposed in the insulating film and electrically connected to the support substrate, and
the contact part is integrated with the pad part.

US Pat. No. 10,338,091

CONCUSSION DETECTION AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

1. A device comprising:a first electronic module capable of being mounted to a sports helmet, the first electronic module including a controller, a transmit-receive assembly in communication with the controller, a first three-axis accelerometer and a second three-axis accelerometer each in communication with the controller and configured to communicate respective acceleration data to the controller at a first rate, and a data storage unit in communication with the controller;
the controller being configured to generate digital data packets, and the data storage unit being configured to store the digital data packets, each digital data packet containing information corresponding to the acceleration data from both of the first and second accelerometers at a certain time, as communicated to the controller at the first rate;
the first electronic module being operable in a first mode, in which the controller transmits, at a second rate lower than the first rate, via the transmit-receive assembly a first electromagnetic (EM) signal containing at least a first digital data packet associated with the first electronic module, and a second mode, in which the processor does not transmit digital data packets associated with the first data module;
wherein the transmit-receive assembly of the first electronic module is configured to receive a second EM signal containing a second digital data packet transmitted by a second electronic module substantially identical to the first electronic module, and the controller of the first electronic module is configured to respond to the received second EM signal by retransmitting data contained in the second digital data packet when the second digital data packet contains information indicating a request to retransmit the second digital data packet; and
a base unit configured to receive the first EM signal transmitted by the first electronic module, the base unit including a receiver configured to receive the first EM signal, a processor in communication with the receiver and configured to extract acceleration data from the received first EM signal, a memory in communication with the processor and configured to store the extracted acceleration data, the extracted acceleration data having a number of data points corresponding to the first rate, and a display for presenting the extracted acceleration data in human-readable form, the base unit further configured to recreate, based on the extracted acceleration data, a path over time taken by the first electronic module.

US Pat. No. 10,338,090

AIRSPEED ESTIMATION SYSTEM

SIKORSKY AIRCRAFT CORPORA...

1. An airspeed estimation system of an aircraft, comprising:a non-transitory memory having computer readable instructions;
a processor configured to execute the computer readable instructions;
an electronic airspeed rate modeler unit coupled to the processor, the electronic airspeed rate modeler unit configured to output an estimated airspeed rate signal indicating an estimated airspeed rate of the aircraft based on a longitudinal body acceleration of the aircraft and at least one adaptive parametric airspeed model; and
an electronic airspeed estimator unit coupled to the processor and in signal communication with the airspeed rate modeler unit, the airspeed estimator unit configured to:
determine an estimated airspeed of the aircraft based on the estimated airspeed rate signal;
monitor a real airspeed of the aircraft, and selectively output a first airspeed signal based on the real airspeed and a second airspeed signal based on the estimated airspeed;
wherein the first airspeed signal is output in response to the real airspeed being at least equal to the speed threshold and the second airspeed signal is output in response to the real airspeed being less than the speed threshold; and
wherein a flight control system is operable to control flight operations of the aircraft using the first airspeed signal or the second airspeed signal.

US Pat. No. 10,338,089

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING SPEED OF A VEHICLE BASED ON GPS SPEED

TATA CONSULTANCY SERVICES...

1. A method for determining a speed of a vehicle based on a GPS speed captured from a Global Positioning System (GPS), the method comprising:capturing, by a processor, a GPS speed Vx and a horizontal accuracy value corresponding to a time stamp Tx;
modifying, by the processor, the GPS speed Vx corresponding to the time stamp Tx when the horizontal accuracy value corresponding to the time stamp Tx is greater than a pre-defined value; and
correcting, by the processor, the GPS speed Vx corresponding to the time stamp Tx, wherein the GPS speed Vx is corrected by
filtering an error in the GPS speed Vx by using a Slope dependent averaging (SDA) filter in order to obtain a first corrected speed Vx?,
selecting one of a centre weight (CW) filter and an edge weight (EW) filter, based upon a pre-defined condition, to correct the first corrected speed Vx? in order to obtain a second corrected speed Vx?, wherein the second corrected speed Vx? indicates the speed of the vehicle,
wherein the speed of the vehicle is determined accurately by altering a first set of weights associated with the SDA filter in real-time and a second set of weights associated with one of the CW filter and the EW filter in real-time.

US Pat. No. 10,338,088

BALING CHAMBER SENSOR

CNH Industrial America LL...

1. An agricultural baler comprising:a baling chamber and a pre-compression chamber,
the baling chamber comprising a plunger provided for moving in the baling chamber,
wherein the baling chamber further comprises a first segment located directly behind the plunger when the plunger is in a withdrawn position, and an outlet of the pre-compression chamber opens towards said first segment
wherein the pre-compression chamber is configured to receive crop material and to periodically form a slice of said crop material and push the slice towards the baling chamber into a first segment of the baling chamber,
wherein a first and a second bale speed sensor are provided in the baling chamber downstream of the first segment of the baling chamber, the first sensor at an upper part and the second sensor at a lower part of the baling chamber, the first and second bale speed sensors outputting a speed of the slice moved by the plunger in the baling chamber, respective outputs of said bale speed sensors being operationally connected to a controller which is configured to adjust based on said outputs a synchronization between the periodically forming and pushing of the slice and reciprocal movement of the plunger.

US Pat. No. 10,338,087

PHOTOELECTRIC SENSOR

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. A photoelectric sensor, comprising a light projecting part that emits light, a light receiving part that receives light, a housing that houses the light projecting part and the light receiving part, a setting part that receives an input operation from outside to set a threshold value, an adjustment part that receives an input operation from outside to finely adjust the threshold value that has been set, and an indicator that displays a detection result of an object being detected, whereinthe housing comprises:
a first surface having a light projecting/receiving surface allowing light from the light projecting part and light to the light receiving part to pass;
a second surface located on a side opposite to the first surface;
a third surface adjacent to the first surface and extending in a direction orthogonal to the first surface and the second surface; and
an inclined surface inclined with respect to the third surface and the second surface and connecting the third surface and the second surface, wherein
the setting part and the indicator are provided on the third surface in order from the side of the inclined surface, and
the adjustment part is provided on the inclined surface, and
a distance between the setting part and the adjustment part is larger than a distance between the setting part and the indicator.

US Pat. No. 10,338,086

SUPPLYING CONSUMABLE ITEMS TO AN AUTOMATED SAMPLE ANALYZER

Roche Diagnostics Operati...

1. A method for supplying consumable items to an automated sample analyzer, wherein the automated analyzer includes a consumable repository including two or more storage areas, each storage area being configured to store a plurality of consumable items, the method comprises:receiving one or more orders for analytical tests to be carried out by the analyzer, each of the analytical tests requiring a set of consumable items;
reserving consumable items corresponding to the one or more sets of consumable items required for the analytical tests in a first storage area of the two or more storage areas of the analyzer;
switching to a second storage area of the two or more storage areas of the analyzer for reserving consumable items in response to determining that a predetermined consumable item in the first storage area has been reserved;
supplying the reserved consumable items for use in the one or more analytical tests; and
indicating that the first storage area can be replenished in response to determining that a particular consumable item of the first storage area has been used in the one or more analytical tests while the analyzer continues to supply consumable items from the second storage area.

US Pat. No. 10,338,079

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR DIAGNOSING DISEASES

NEWOMICS INC., Berkeley,...

1. A method for detecting a presence of a plurality of biomarkers in a biological sample of a subject, comprising:(a) activating a microfluidic device including at least one fluid channel in fluid communication with at least one emitter having a plurality of nozzles that are operatively coupled to a detector, wherein said at least one fluid channel includes an enrichment channel and a separation channel downstream of said enrichment channel, wherein said separation channel is in fluid communication with said plurality of nozzles;
(b) directing said biological sample having a volume less than or equal to about 50 microliters through said enrichment channel to concentrate said plurality of biomarkers;
(c) directing said plurality of biomarkers to said separation channel to separate said plurality of biomarkers into a plurality of subsets of biomarkers;
(d) directing subsets of said plurality of subsets of biomarkers from said separation channel to said plurality of nozzles and subsequently to said detector, wherein said detector generates signals upon exposure to said subsets of said plurality of subsets of biomarkers; and
(e) detecting a presence of said subsets of said plurality of subsets of biomarkers based on said signals generated in (d) to detect said presence of said plurality of biomarkers in said biological sample.

US Pat. No. 10,338,078

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ANALYZING BIOMOLECULES USING RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY

Japan Science and Technol...

1. A method for identifying the binding site of a protein bound to a low-molecular-weight compound, comprising the following steps of:(i) preparing fractionated fragments comprising the steps of:
mixing the low-molecular-weight compound with the protein and obtaining the protein bound to the low-molecular-weight compound,
fragmenting the protein bound to the low-molecular-weight compound by chemical degradation or an enzyme selected from the group consisting of protease and peptidase, and
fractionating the fragmented protein bound to a low-molecular weight compound by liquid chromatography or capillary electrophoresis,
(ii) subjecting fractionated fragments of the protein bound to the low-molecular-weight compound to Raman spectroscopy,
(iii) detecting a fraction having a Raman peak derived from the low-molecular-weight compound bound to a fragment of the protein via Raman spectroscopy, wherein the low-molecular-weight compound comprises at least one type of substituent selected from the group consisting of an alkynyl group, a nitrile group, a diazonio group, an isocyanate ester group, an isonitrile group, a ketene group, a carbodiimide group, a thiocyanate ester group, an azide group, an alkynediyl group, and deuterium having a scattering spectrum in a silent region of the Raman spectrum and exhibits a Raman peak distinguishable from that of the protein, wherein said low-molecular-weight compound comprises said at least one type of substituent during said detection via Raman spectroscopy,
(iv) subjecting the fraction subjected to Raman spectroscopy to mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry, wherein said low-molecular-weight compound comprises said at least one type of substituent during said mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry,
(v) obtaining the mass and tandem mass spectrometric results for a fraction having a Raman peak derived from the low-molecular-weight compound,
(vi) comparing the results with the mass information of the protein,
(vii) identifying the fractionated fragment binding to the low-molecular-weight compound by searching for a fractionated fragment, whose mass is shifted by the low-molecular-weight compound, and
(viii) identifying the amino acid residue within the protein which binds to the low-molecular-weight compound by searching for an amino acid residue, whose mass is shifted by the low-molecular-weight compound, thereby identifying the binding site of a protein, said method further comprising the steps of:
adding a solution containing a metal nanoparticle or a metal nanostructure to the fractionated fraction prior to the Raman spectroscopy, and adding an organic acid to the fractionated fraction prior to the Raman spectroscopy.

US Pat. No. 10,338,071

COMPOSITIONS, METHODS AND MICROFLUIDICS DEVICE FOR TELOMERASE BASED IN VITRO DIAGNOSTIC ASSAYS FOR DETECTING CIRCULATING TUMOR CELLS (CTC)

The Trustees of the Unive...

1. A method for detecting circulating tumor cells in vitro, said method comprising(a) combining a test sample from a patient suspected of having circulating tumor cells, and a non-lytic adenoviral system, and culture media for the cells, said adenoviral system comprising:
(i) a first replication-defective adenoviral particle having an adenoviral capsid in which an expression cassette is packaged, said expression cassette comprising an adenoviral 5? ITR, a tumor-specific promoter which is specifically activated in circulating tumor cells, and an adenoviral 3? ITR, wherein said adenoviral particle is rendered replication defective and non-lytic by a deletion in one or more adenoviral early genes; and
(ii) a coding sequence for a reporter protein which is expressed in circulating tumor cells, and an adenoviral 3? ITR;
(b) incubating the test sample and the non-lytic adenoviral system for a sufficient time to permit expression of the reporter protein,
optionally replenishing the media; and
(c) measuring reporter protein expression in the test samples and optionally repeating (c), whereby presence of reporter expression indicates the presence of circulating tumor cells in the sample,
wherein (a) to (c) are performed a second time using a non-lytic adenoviral system having a different reporter protein.

US Pat. No. 10,338,070

CELL-FREE ASSAY DEVICE AND METHODS OF USE

Electronic BioSciences, I...

1. A method for assessing an interaction between an analyte and a binding agent in a system, comprising:interacting an analyte with a binding agent attached to a glass nanopore membrane of the system, wherein the system comprises a first volume and a second volume, the first volume and/or the second volume are sealed and the glass nanopore membrane comprises a channel separating the first volume and the second volume;
maintaining a pressure differential between the first volume and the second volume for a measurement time; and
assessing an interaction between the analyte and the binding agent, wherein the pressure differential between the first volume and the second volume reduces a limit of detection of the analyte for the measurement time relative to the limit of detection of the analyte for the measurement time in the absence of the pressure differential.

US Pat. No. 10,338,068

SELECTION OF BIOLOGICAL OBJECTS

The Trustees of Columbia ...

1. A molecular automaton system for isolation, elimination, or treatment of a target biological object,(I) where the target biological object comprises a first object surface marker and a second object surface marker, the system comprises
(a) a first target marker comprising
(i) a first target-specific agent specific for the first object surface marker, and
(ii) a first double strand complex comprising a first oligonucleotide and a second oligonucleotide, the second oligonucleotide linked to the first target-specific agent;
(b) a second target marker comprising
(i) a second target-specific agent specific for the second object surface marker, and
(ii) a second double strand complex comprising a third oligonucleotide and a fourth oligonucleotide, the fourth oligonucleotide linked to the second target-specific agent;
(c) a single stranded fifth oligonucleotide; and
(d) a single stranded sixth oligonucleotide linked to an isolation agent, a cytotoxic agent, or a therapeutic agent;
wherein,
the first oligonucleotide has more complementarity for the fifth oligonucleotide than for the second oligonucleotide, such that when in proximity, the fifth oligonucleotide will disrupt the first double strand complex to form a single stranded second oligonucleotide and a third double strand complex comprising the first oligonucleotide and the fifth oligonucleotide;
the third oligonucleotide has more complementarity for the second oligonucleotide than for the fourth oligonucleotide, such that when in proximity, the single stranded second oligonucleotide will disrupt the second double strand complex to form a single stranded fourth oligonucleotide and a fourth double strand complex comprising the second oligonucleotide and the third oligonucleotide, the fourth double strand complex linked to the first target-specific agent via the second oligonucleotide, and the single stranded fourth oligonucleotide linked to the second target-specific agent; and
the sixth oligonucleotide has sufficient complementarity to the single stranded fourth oligonucleotide to form a fifth double strand complex therewith, but has insufficient complementarity for the fourth oligonucleotide to disrupt the second double strand complex; or
(II) where the target biological object comprises a first object surface marker but not a second object surface marker, the system comprises
(a) a first target marker comprising
(i) a first target-specific agent specific for the first object surface marker, and
(ii) a first double strand complex comprising a first oligonucleotide and a second oligonucleotide, the second oligonucleotide linked to the first target-specific agent;
(b) a second target marker comprising
(i) a second target-specific agent specific for the second object surface marker, and
(ii) a second double strand complex comprising a third oligonucleotide and a fourth oligonucleotide, the fourth oligonucleotide linked to the second target-specific agent;
(c) a single stranded fifth oligonucleotide;
(d) a sixth double strand complex comprising a sixth oligonucleotide and a seventh oligonucleotide, the sixth oligonucleotide linked to an isolation agent, a cytotoxic agent, or a therapeutic agent;
wherein,
the first oligonucleotide has more complementarity for the fifth oligonucleotide than for the second oligonucleotide, such that when in proximity, the fifth oligonucleotide will disrupt the first double strand complex to form a single stranded second oligonucleotide and a third double strand complex comprising the first oligonucleotide and the fifth oligonucleotide;
the third oligonucleotide has more complementarity for the second oligonucleotide than for the fourth oligonucleotide, such that when in proximity, the single stranded second oligonucleotide will disrupt the second double strand complex to form a single stranded fourth oligonucleotide and a fourth double strand complex comprising the second oligonucleotide and the third oligonucleotide, the fourth double strand complex linked to the first target-specific agent via the second oligonucleotide, and the single stranded fourth oligonucleotide linked to the second target-specific agent;
the sixth oligonucleotide has more complementarity for the second oligonucleotide than for the seventh oligonucleotide, such that when in proximity, the single stranded second oligonucleotide will disrupt the sixth double strand complex to form a single stranded seventh oligonucleotide and a seventh double strand complex comprising the second oligonucleotide and the sixth oligonucleotide, the seventh double strand complex linked to the first target-specific agent via the second oligonucleotide, and the single stranded fourth oligonucleotide linked to the second target-specific agent; and
the third oligonucleotide has more complementarity for the second oligonucleotide than the sixth oligonucleotide has for the second oligonucleotide, such that when in proximity, the sixth oligonucleotide cannot displace the third oligonucleotide from the fourth double strand complex comprising the second oligonucleotide and the third oligonucleotide.

US Pat. No. 10,338,064

FULLY-AUTOMATIC IMMUNOFLUORESCENCE QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS APPARATUS AND DETECTION METHOD

GETEIN BIOTECH, INC., Ji...

1. A fully-automatic immunofluorescence quantitative analyzing apparatus comprises:a support baseplate, a reagent strip storage and automatic loading module, a cuvette ring module, a detection module, a sample module, a sample dispensing module, a washing module and a control system, wherein the reagent strip storage and automatic loading module, the cuvette ring module, the detection module, the sample module, the sample dispensing module and the washing module are sequentially arranged on the support baseplate, wherein
the reagent strip storage and automatic loading module provides a reagent strip for the cuvette ring module, the sample dispensing module dispenses the sample in the sample module to the cuvette ring module and performs a reaction, and the sample enters the detection module to complete the detection after the reaction is complete,
the sample module comprises a disposable tip box, a mixing box, a diluent slot, a sample unit, a tip collection box and a sample module box;
the sample unit and the diluent slot are located on a bottom plate of the sample module box, the bottom plate is provided with a track, the bottoms of the sample unit and the diluent slot are provided with a clamping slot matched with the track, and the sample unit and the diluent slot slide front and back on the track of the bottom plate, and
one side of the sample module box is provided with a platform, the lower part of which is spaced from the ground, the tip collection box, the disposable tip box and the mixing box are arrayed on the platform, part of the tip collection box penetrates through the platform, on the platform, the other part of the tip collection box is in the spacing space of the lower part of the platform, the top end of the tip collection box is provided with a recycling opening, and the bottom end of the tip collection box is not sealed such that a disposable sucker directly falls onto the bottom plate after entering the recycling opening.

US Pat. No. 10,338,063

CENTRIFUGE AND METHOD FOR CENTRIFUGING A REACTION VESSEL UNIT

YANTAI AUSBIO LABORATORIE...

1. A centrifuge for cleaning a reaction vessel unit that includes at least one opening, comprising:a housing including a cylindrical inner surface and a drain;
a rotor disposed within the housing and including an outmost surface, the rotor being configured to hold the reaction vessel unit with its at least one opening directed outwardly;
a motor for rotating the rotor around a rotation axis in a first rotational direction to cause liquid from the reaction vessel to be expelled from the at least one opening onto the inner surface of the housing;
wherein a gap is provided between the inner surface of the housing and the outmost surface of the rotor, a size of the gap being such that by rotating the rotor a wind is generated which drives the expelled liquid on the inner surface of the housing to the drain; and
wherein a size of the gap is not less than 0.3 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,338,062

METHOD FOR RELATIVE QUANTIFICATION OF NUCLEIC ACID SEQUENCE, EXPRESSION, OR COPY CHANGES, USING COMBINED NUCLEASE, LIGATION, AND POLYMERASE REACTIONS

Cornell University, Itha...

1. A method for identifying a presence of one or more target nucleotide sequences in a sample, said method comprising:providing a sample potentially containing the target nucleotide sequence;
providing one or more oligonucleotide probe sets configured to hybridize on the target nucleotide sequence, each probe set comprising (a) a first oligonucleotide probe having a 5? primer-specific portion and a target-specific portion, and (b) a second oligonucleotide probe having a 5? non-target specific flap portion, a target-specific portion containing one or more thiophosphate-modified nucleotide bases, and a 3? primer-specific portion, wherein at least a portion of the 5? non-target specific flap portion of the second oligonucleotide probe is complementary to at least a portion of the 3? primer-specific portion of said second oligonucleotide probe and capable of hybridizing to said complementary portion of the 3? primer-specific portion to form a hairpinned second oligonucleotide probe when said second probe is not hybridized to the target nucleotide sequence;
contacting the sample and the one or more oligonucleotide probe sets under conditions effective for first and second oligonucleotide probes of a probe set to hybridize in a base specific manner to their corresponding target nucleotide sequences, if present in the sample;
cleaving the 5? non-target specific flap portion of the second oligonucleotide probe with an enzyme having 5? nuclease activity, thereby liberating a 5? phosphate at a first nucleotide base of the target-specific portion of the second oligonucleotide;
ligating first and second oligonucleotide probes of the one or more oligonucleotide probe sets together to form ligated product sequences, wherein each ligated product sequence comprises the 5? primer-specific portion, the target-specific portions with the one or more thiophosphate-modified nucleotide bases, and the 3? primer-specific portion of the first and second oligonucleotide probes of an oligonucleotide probe set;
detecting ligated product sequences in the sample; and
identifying the presence of the one or more target nucleotide sequences in the sample based on said detecting.

US Pat. No. 10,338,059

LUNG MODEL DEVICE FOR INHALATION TOXICITY TESTING

KOREA RESEARCH INSTITUTE ...

1. A lung model device for inhalation toxicity testing, comprising:a case having an internal space formed therein wherein air and nanoparticles are allowed to flow into and from the internal space;
mesh tissue panels mounted in plural in the internal space of the case, having different lattice spacings, and having lattice lines to which lung cells of a human or an animal are attached,
wherein the plurality of mesh tissue panels are sequentially arranged in the internal space of the case in an inflow direction of the nanoparticles in descending order of sizes of the different lattice spacings thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,338,058

ANALYTE SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING HEMOGLOBIN PARAMETERS IN WHOLE BLOOD

Sanvita Medical LLC, Bil...

1. A calibrating-light module capable of installing in a COOx system that measures whole-blood hemoglobin parameters or whole-blood bilirubin parameters, the calibrating-light module comprising:a calibrating module housing;
a light beam receiving portion connected to a first end of the calibrating module housing, the light beam receiving portion being aligned with a light beam from a light-emitting module that defines an optical path of the COOx system;
a calibrating light portion connected to a side of the calibrating module housing wherein the calibrating light portion has a calibrating light source that directs a calibrating light transversely toward the optical path; and
an optic fiber portion connected to a second end of the calibrating module housing wherein the calibrating module housing, the light beam receiving portion and the optic fiber portion are aligned with the optical path and the calibrating light portion is spaced from the optical path.

US Pat. No. 10,338,057

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR FORMING SAME

HITACHI, LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A method for forming a biomolecular structure analysis device comprising forming a nanopore sequencing membrane by forming a first film on a surface of a substrate, wherein the surface is Si,then forming a hole in the first film in such a manner that the surface of the substrate is exposed,
then forming a second film thinner than 5 nm on the first film and on the surface of the substrate and then etching the substrate with a solution which does not remove the second film.

US Pat. No. 10,338,056

APPARATUS FOR SUPPORTING AN ARRAY OF LAYERS OF AMPHIPHILIC MOLECULES AND METHOD OF FORMING AN ARRAY OF LAYERS OF AMPHIPHILIC MOLECULES

Oxford Nanopore Technolog...

1. An apparatus for supporting an array of layers of amphiphilic molecules, the apparatus comprising:(A) a body; and
(B) formed in the body, an array of sensor wells and, between the sensor wells, flow control wells, wherein a common surface of the body defines openings to the sensor wells and openings to the flow control wells, and wherein the sensor wells i) are capable of supporting a layer of amphiphilic molecules across the sensor wells and ii) each contain an electrode for connection to an electrical circuit,
wherein the flow control wells are capable of smoothing the flow of a fluid across the surface, and
wherein the cross-sectional area of a flow control well is less than the cross-sectional area of a sensor well wherein the flow control wells do not contain electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,338,055

SPECTROGRAPHIC MATERIAL ANALYSIS BASED ON INDUCTIVE SENSING

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A system for spectrographic material analysis of a conductive target material based on inductive sensing, the system comprising:a sensor including an inductor coil; and
an inductance-to-data converter (IDC) coupled to the sensor,
to drive the sensor inductor coil with an excitation current at a selectable sensor excitation frequency (?),
to generate a magnetic sensing field projected into a pre-defined sensing area,
the magnetic sensing field to induce eddy currents within a conductive target material introduced for spectrographic material analysis within the sensing area, and
to determine, for each generated magnetic sensing field at a selected sensor excitation frequency (?), a property of the driven sensor inductor coil corresponding sensor impedance Zs(?);
the sensor impedance Zs(?) being a function of the sensor excitation frequency (?), and a response of the driven sensor coil to induced eddy currents.

US Pat. No. 10,338,054

METHOD FOR EVALUATING MONOMERS HAVING EFFECT ON COPOLYMER CHARACTERISTICS, AND SYSTEM USING SAME

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. A method of forming a copolymer from two or more monomers having an effect on characteristics of the copolymer comprising:a) selecting monomers Mk for the copolymer and selecting N1 monomers Mi able to form the copolymer together with the Mk, wherein the N1 monomers Mi are represented as Mi1, Mi2, . . . , and MiN1, N1 is a natural number of 2 or more;
b) calculating ?(Mk), ?(Mk), ?(Mi) and ?(Mi), which are monomer displacement values for the monomers Mk and Mi using Equations 1 to 3 below,
?(Mi)=A1×Funct(EC(Mi))/n(Mi)
?(Mi)=A2×Funct(AS(Mi))/n(Mi)  [Equation 1]
?(Mk)=A1×Funct(EC(Mk))/n(Mk)
?(Mk)=A2×Funct(AS(Mk))/n(Mk)  [Equation 2]
Funct(x)=a1*Exp(a2*x) or Funct(x)=a3 log(1+a4*x)a5  [Equation 3]
wherein in Equations 1 to 3, A1 and A2 are control constants and are real numbers other than zero, Funct(x) represents a function for a variable x, a1, a2, a3, a4, and a5 are real numbers and are control constants that vary depending on a type of Funct(x), ?(Mi) is a value calculated for the monomers Mi and is a Topological Polar Surface Area, a McGowan Volume, an Approximate Surface Area, or an Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient, EC(Mi) represents a Molecular Eccentricity for the monomers Mi, and AS(Mi) represents a Molecular Asphericity for the monomers Mi; and
c) calculating characteristic displacement values ?(Mk;Mi) of the monomers Mi relative to the monomers Mk using Equation 4 below and determining a selected monomer Mi having a relatively high characteristic displacement value to be a monomer having a significant effect on the copolymer characteristics,

wherein in Equation 4, A3 is a control constant and is a real number from 0 to 1, and forming the copolymer from the selected monomers Mk and Mi.

US Pat. No. 10,338,053

CURING-DRYING MODEL AND ITS APPLICATIONS

Solidia Technologies, Inc...

1. A method of curing a porous concrete product in a CO2 gas, comprising the steps of:measuring a value of a property of an uncured porous concrete product under a first set of environmental conditions;
supplying said measured value of said property of said uncured porous concrete product to a calculation model that operates on a general purpose programmable computer;
supplying said first set of environmental conditions to said calculation model;
operating said calculation model to generate a calculated water distribution in said uncured porous concrete product under said first set of environmental conditions;
comparing said calculated water distribution in the porous concrete product to a preferred water distribution to obtain a difference between said calculated water distribution in the porous concrete product and said preferred water distribution;
in the event that said difference between said calculated water distribution in the porous concrete product and said preferred water distribution is smaller than a predetermined limit:
performing at least one of recording as a result said first environmental conditions that produce a calculated water distribution in the porous concrete product that differs from the preferred water distribution by less than said predetermined limit, transmitting said result to a data handling system, or displaying said result to a user; and
applying said first set of environmental conditions to a curing apparatus;
in the event that said difference between said calculated water distribution in the porous concrete product and said preferred water distribution is not smaller than said predetermined limit:
adjusting one or more of said first set of environmental conditions to generate a subsequent set of adjusted environmental conditions;
supplying said subsequent set of adjusted environmental conditions to the calculation model;
operating said calculation model to generate a subsequent calculated water distribution in the porous concrete product under said subsequent set of adjusted environmental conditions;
comparing said subsequent calculated water distribution in the porous concrete product to said preferred water distribution to obtain a difference between said subsequent calculated water distribution in the porous concrete product and said preferred water distribution;
in the event that said difference between said subsequent calculated water distribution in the porous concrete product and said preferred water distribution is not smaller than said predetermined limit, repeating the steps of adjusting one or more environmental conditions, supplying, operating, and comparing until a difference between a further calculated water distribution in the porous concrete product and said preferred water distribution is smaller than said predetermined limit, and then performing at least one of recording as a result said set of adjusted environmental conditions that produce a calculated water distribution in the porous concrete product that differs from the preferred water distribution by less than said predetermined limit, transmitting said result to a data handling system, or displaying said result to a user; and
applying said set of adjusted environmental conditions to a curing apparatus; and
in the event that said difference between said subsequent calculated water distribution in the porous concrete product and said preferred water distribution is smaller than said predetermined limit:
performing at least one of recording as a result said set of adjusted environmental conditions that produce a calculated water distribution in the porous concrete product that differs from the preferred water distribution by less than said predetermined limit, transmitting said result to a data handling system, or displaying said result to a user; and
applying said set of adjusted environmental conditions to a curing apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,338,052

METHODS OF DETECTING SULFUR-CONTAINING COMPOUNDS

Vanderbilt University, N...

1. A method of detecting a sulfur-containing compound in a sample, comprising:contacting the sample comprising the sulfur-containing compound with parahydrogen and a catalyst to form a mixture, thereby transferring a spin order from the parahydrogen to the sulfur-containing compound and hyperpolarizing the sulfur-containing compound during a temporary association of the parahydrogen, the sulfur-containing compound, and the catalyst; and
performing an NMR measurement on the mixture comprising the hyperpolarized sulfur-containing compound to detect the hyperpolarized sulfur-containing compound;
wherein the temporary association of the parahydrogen, the sulfur-containing compound, and the catalyst has terminated before the NMR measurement is performed.

US Pat. No. 10,338,051

SYSTEMS AND METHODS RELATED TO OPTICAL NANOSENSORS COMPRISING PHOTOLUMINESCENT NANOSTRUCTURES

MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE O...

1. A method of determining an analyte, comprising:exposing a first nanosensor comprising a first photoluminescent carbon-based nanostructure and a first polymer interacting with the first photoluminescent carbon-based nanostructure to a first analyte, the first analyte including at least one NO2 group, wherein:
the first analyte interacts with the first nanosensor to produce a first emission of electromagnetic radiation, and
determining the first analyte based at least in part upon the first emission of electromagnetic radiation.

US Pat. No. 10,338,050

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DISCRIMINATION BETWEEN NATURAL GAS AND SWAMP GAS

INFICON GmbH, Bad Ragaz ...

1. A method for determining whether a gas sample originates from biological processes or from a gas installation being tested and containing a utility gas containing at least one of methane and heavier hydrocarbons,the method comprising the steps of:
detecting a methane concentration within the gas sample with a field-operable pipeline leak survey gas detector,
detecting a concentration of hydrogen in the gas sample with a hydrogen selective gas sensor;
comparing the detected concentration of hydrogen in the gas sample to a concentration of hydrogen present in the utility gas;
wherein the comparison is used to determine that the gas sample originates from biological decay processes and not from the gas installation being tested if the detected hydrogen concentration is above the hydrogen concentration of the utility gas.

US Pat. No. 10,338,049

ELECTROCHEMICAL METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETERMINING THE CONTENT OF DOC AND/OR TOC AND/OR IC IN AN AQUEOUS SAMPLE

1. An electrochemical method for determining the DOC and/or TOC and/or IC content in a water sample by means of anodic oxidation on electrodes in a closed electrolysis cell, comprising:at least partially oxidizing carbon to carbon dioxide (CO2),
collecting the carbon dioxide thereby formed in a closed gas space during a range of an essentially linear increase in the carbon dioxide content in the closed gas space, and
determining a rate that carbon dioxide content increases while the carbon dioxide content increase is in the range of the essentially linear increase in the carbon dioxide content in the closed gas space, and
determining the DOC and/or TOC and/or IC content in the water sample with an analyzer unit based on the determined rate of carbon dioxide increase.

US Pat. No. 10,338,047

AIR-POLLUTION ANOMALY LOCATION MECHANISM

International Business Ma...

15. An apparatus comprising:a processor; and
a memory coupled to the processor, wherein the memory comprises instructions which, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to:
identify, by temporal and spatial characteristic identification logic specifically configured by the processor, a historical air-pollution pattern for each of a plurality of air-pollution monitoring stations;
for each of the plurality of air-pollution monitoring stations:
responsive to receiving real-time air-pollution data from a particular air-pollution monitoring station, compare, by anomaly detection logic specifically configured by the processor, the real-time air-pollution data to the historical air-pollution pattern associated with the particular air-pollution monitoring station;
generate, by the anomaly detection logic, a density difference value based on the comparison of the real-time air-pollution data to the historical air-pollution pattern associated with the particular air-pollution monitoring station; and
determine, by the anomaly detection logic, whether the density difference value is greater than a predetermined confidence threshold; and
for each of a subset of the plurality of air-pollution monitoring stations whose associated density difference value is greater than the predetermined confidence threshold, generate, by the anomaly detection logic, an indication of an anomaly in detected air-pollution levels to an administrator, wherein the indication causes the administrator to perform one or more actions to remedy the anomaly in the detected air-pollution levels.

US Pat. No. 10,338,046

ARTIFICIAL OLFACTORY SENSING SYSTEM

HITACHI, LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. An artificial olfactory sensing system comprising:a plurality of sensor cells on a lipid membrane of each of which olfactory receptors have developed; and
a plurality of ion-sensitive field-effect transistors (ISFETs) that correspondingly exist to the sensor cells on a one-on-one basis,
wherein each response signal corresponding to each of the sensor cells showing that each of the olfactory receptors has recognized an odor molecule is converted into an electric signal by an ISFET corresponding to said each of the sensor cells.

US Pat. No. 10,338,045

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR THE ANALYSIS OF A GAS SAMPLE

1. An analysis device for the analysis of a gas sample, the analysis device comprising:an analysis unit comprising:
an inlet to let the gas sample into the analysis unit;
an outlet;
a feeding duct;
at least two passage channels; and
at least two sensors, each of which is arranged in the area of a respective detecting station;
at least one gas moving unit to convey the gas from said inlet, along the feeding duct, through the passage channels, through the detecting stations, to said outlet;
the feeding duct being arranged downstream of the inlet; the feeding duct comprising a common feeding duct configured such that each passage channel extends out from the feeding duct so as to be downstream of the feeding duct and upstream of the outlet, each passage channel allowing a respective portion of the gas sample to move from the feeding duct to the relative sensor, and comprising a respective segment, which is arranged between the feeding duct and the relative detecting station;
each detecting station being arranged along a respective passage channel upstream of said outlet;
the gas moving unit comprising a suction device, which is arranged downstream of the detecting stations so as to convey the portions of the gas sample through the detecting stations.

US Pat. No. 10,338,044

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REDUCING GAS CONSUMPTION IN CONTINUOUS FLOW ANALYTICAL INSTRUMENTS

Thermo Fisher Scientific ...

1. A gas transport system for continuously flushinga chemical reactor, comprising:
the chemical reactor, the chemical reactor having an inlet and a gas outlet, the inlet for introducing a sample and a carrier gas into the chemical reactor, and the gas outlet for releasing an analyte gas and the carrier gas from the chemical reactor;
a sample introduction unit for delivering the sample into the chemical reactor;
a carrier gas line fluidly coupled to the inlet, the carrier gas line for introducing the carrier gas from a carrier gas source into the chemical reactor;
a gas outlet line from the gas outlet;
a gas recycling line connected to the gas outlet and/or the gas outlet line by a first gas line junction that is arranged between the chemical reactor and a downstream detection unit coupled to the gas outlet line, and connected to the sample introduction unit and/or the inlet and/or the carrier gas line at a second gas line junction;
the detection unit, wherein the detection unit includes a separation unit and a detector downstream of said separation unit, the separation unit is connected to the gas outlet line downstream of the first gas line junction, and the separation unit includes a chromatographic column; and
a gas flow splitter downstream of the separation unit, the gas flow splitter configured for splitting a gas flow stream exiting the separation unit into a first gas stream entering a bypass gas line and a second gas stream entering the detector, the bypass gas line being fluidly connected to the gas recycling line,
wherein the gas transport system is adapted to allow recycling of at least a portion of gas emerging from the gas outlet back to the chemical reactor via the gas recycling line.

US Pat. No. 10,338,043

P-NITROPHENOLE-FORMALDEHYDE POLYCONDENSATE FOR MEASUREMENT, METHOD OF PRODUCTION AND USE

1. A method for measuring pH, said method comprising applying a sample whose pH is to be measured to an optical indicator, wherein the optical indicator comprises a support, and one or more p-nitro-phenyl/formaldehyde condensed polymer according to Formula (I) in the state of being stabilized to said supportwherein n has the value of 1 to 20, and Z stands for H or a binding group.

US Pat. No. 10,338,041

DERIVATIZATION APPARATUS AND METHOD

1. Derivatization apparatus for coating a sample carrier prior to the analysis of the sample comprising:a reservoir for a reagent solution; and
a spray nozzle with a spray head and a container in which at least a part of the sample carrier is located, wherein said container is hermetically sealed, said spray head is located within said container and is configured to perform a periodic movement of at least from a first position to a second position in said container and relative to a horizontal plane in said container, said reagent solution is configured to be sprayed into said container by said spray head in order to generate in said container a homogeneous mist of droplets of said reagent solution.

US Pat. No. 10,338,040

VACUUM ULTRAVIOLET ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY SYSTEM AND METHOD

VUV Analytics, Inc., Aus...

1. A method of operating a gas analysis system, comprising:providing a gas flow cell;
inputting at least two gas species into the gas flow cell;
allowing a chemical reaction to occur in the gas flow cell between the at least two gas species;
passing VUV wavelengths or less of light through the gas flow cell;
detecting absorption of the VUV wavelengths or less of light as the light passes through the gas flow cell by the use of a spectrometer optically coupled to an optical output of the gas flow cell;
obtaining a three dimensional data set indicative of an amount of absorption as a function of wavelength and time; and
analyzing the three dimensional data set to analyze the chemical reaction.

US Pat. No. 10,338,038

ESTABLISHING FLUIDIC CONNECTIONS BETWEEN CHROMATOGRAPHY COMPONENTS

WATERS TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A clamp assembly comprising:a rail configured to receive a first fluidic assembly; and
a carriage including a carriage body, a lever, a foot displaceably coupled to the carriage body, a hinge about which the lever is configured to rotate when the lever is actuated, and a cam operably attached to the hinge and configured to rotate when the lever is actuated, the cam configured to engage with the foot to displace the foot into engagement with the rail, the carriage being slidably mounted to the rail and configured to receive a second fluidic assembly,
wherein the foot is configured to selectively engage the rail to inhibit movement of the carriage relative to the rail,
wherein actuation of the lever is configured:
to establish a first fluid tight seal between the first fluidic assembly and the chromatography column,
to establish a second fluid tight seal between the second fluidic assembly and the chromatography column, and
to displace the foot into engagement with the rail.

US Pat. No. 10,338,037

COMPOUNDS AND CONJUGATES FOR IDENTIFYING AND SEPARATING POST-TRANSLATIONALLY MODIFIED ANALYTES

UVic Industry Partnership...

1. A conjugate, wherein the conjugate is a compound having a structure satisfying Formula I that is covalently coupled to a support component by at least one of A, E, G, J, L, M, N, or Q of Formula I, either directly or through an aliphatic linker, a heteroaliphatic linker, an aryl linker, or a heteroaryl linker, wherein Formula I is
and wherein
G is aryl, heteroaryl, -linker-aryl, —SO3?, —SO3H, or -linker-heteroaryl, wherein each linker independently is a sulfonamide;
each of A, E, and J independently is SO3?; —SO3H; aryl; heteroaryl; -linker-aryl; or -linker- heteroaryl, wherein each linker independently is a sulfonamide;
M is —OH; —O?; —O(CH2)pY; —O(CH2)pPh(CH2)p(Y)m; —OC(O)Ph(CH2)p(Y)m; or —OSO2Ph(CH2)p(Y)m; wherein each Y independently is alkyl, alkoxy, amide, thiol, thioether, aldehyde, carboxyl, ester, NH2, or NH3+, p is an integer selected from 0 to 10, and m is an integer selected from 0 to 4;
each of L, N, and Q independently is —OH; —O?; O(CH2)pY; —O(CH2)pPh(CH2)p(Y)m; —OC(O)Ph(CH2)p(Y)m; or —OSO2Ph(CH2)p(Y)m; wherein each Y independently is alkyl, alkoxy, amide, thiol, thioether, aldehyde, carboxyl, ester, NH2, or NH3+, p is an integer selected from 0 to 10, and m is an integer selected from 0 to 4;
each of X1, X2, X3, and X4 is CH2;
n is an integer selected from 1 to 3; and
wherein if (i) each of G, A, E, and J are SO3? and (i) M is —O(CH2)pY wherein p is 1, then Y is selected from alkyl, alkoxy, thiol, thioether, NH2, or NH3+.

US Pat. No. 10,338,036

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SCANNING A TEST OBJECT AND CORRECTING FOR GAIN

TECSCAN SYSTEMS INC., Bo...

1. An apparatus for scanning a test object, comprising:a mechanical scanner;
a probe mounted on the mechanical scanner; and
a controller operably connected to the mechanical scanner and to the probe, the controller being configured to:
control a bidirectional scanning motion of the probe to obtain a first plurality of measurements for a first corresponding plurality of scanning points defined over a positive direction scan line on a surface of a reference object and to obtain a second plurality of measurements for a second corresponding plurality of scanning points defined over a negative direction scan line on the surface of the reference object;
build a first gain correction map including a first plurality of gain values calculated as a function of the first plurality of scanning points on the surface of the reference object;
build a second gain correction map including a second plurality of gain values calculated as a function of the second plurality of scanning points on the surface of the reference object;
control a bidirectional scanning motion of the probe to obtain a third plurality of measurements for a third corresponding plurality of scanning points defined over a positive direction scan line on a surface of the test object and to obtain a fourth plurality of measurements for a fourth corresponding plurality of scanning points defined over a negative direction scan line on the surface of the test object; and
normalize amplitudes of the third and fourth pluralities of measurements obtained for the third and fourth pluralities of scanning points on the surface of the test object using the gain values of the first and second gain correction maps.

US Pat. No. 10,338,035

IMAGING METHOD AND DEVICE BASED ON GUIDED WAVE SCATTERING OF OMNI-DIRECTIONAL MAGNETO-ACOUSTIC TRANSDUCERS

NANCHANG HANGKONG UNIVERS...

1. An imaging method based on guided wave scattering of omni-directional magneto-acoustic transducers, comprising:S1, selecting an nth omni-directional magneto-acoustic transducer from N omni-directional magneto-acoustic transducers uniformly arranged in a detection region of a metal plate to be detected as an excitation magneto-acoustic transducer to excite an omni-directional ultrasonic guided wave, where N is a positive integer;
S2, selecting in omni-directional magneto-acoustic transducers from the N omni-directional magneto-acoustic transducers as omni-directionally receiving magneto-acoustic transducers to omni-directionally receive an ultrasonic guided wave signal, and calculating a travel time and intensity of the ultrasonic guided wave signal, where m is a positive integer less than or equal to N;
S3, judging whether the excitation magneto-acoustic transducer and the omni-directionally receiving magneto-acoustic transducers form a scattering group, if yes, calculating a position of a scattering point according to the travel time and intensity of the ultrasonic guided wave signal, and a position of the scattering group;
S4, judging whether the position of the scattering point is within a preset scattering region, if yes, determining the position of the scattering point as an effective scattering point; and
S5, repeating the steps S1 to S4 until all of the N omni-directional magneto-acoustic transducers have excited omni-directional ultrasonic guided waves, and performing curve fitting on all effective scattering points acquired to obtain a defect profile image of the metal plate to be detected.

US Pat. No. 10,338,034

TRANSDUCER DEVICE COMPRISING AN INSULATING FILM BETWEEN A THROUGH WIRING LINE AND A SEMICONDUCTOR SUBSTRATE

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A device comprising:a semiconductor substrate including a first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface;
a through wiring line passing through the substrate between the first surface and the second surface;
electrodes electrically connected to the through wiring line; and
an insulating film is disposed between the through wiring line and the semiconductor substrate,
wherein the insulating film is a silicon oxide film, and wherein a silicon nitride film is disposed between the through wiring line and the semiconductor substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,338,033

TYPING AND IMAGING OF BIOLOGICAL AND NON-BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS USING QUANTITATIVE ULTRASOUND

Riverside Research Instit...

1. A method for accurately determining properties of a biological material, comprising a patient's bodily tissue, in order to specifically identify where collection of cancer cells may be located in said biological material, comprising,performing an ultrasound scan of said biological material with ultrasound pulses, said biological material having a known depth;
acquiring backscattered echo signals from said biological material being scanned with echo signal energy spanning a spectrum of frequencies and noise, wherein only including information useful to accurately determine said properties of said biological material in a specific bandwidth portion of said frequency spectrum;
maximizing an adapted spectral bandwidth by selecting said specific bandwidth portion in said frequency spectrum to use in order to accurately determine said properties of said biological material, said specific bandwidth portion being adapted to be free of noise and compensate for degradation of signal amplitude by being narrow for echo signals coming from a relatively deep portion of said biological material and wider for echo signals coming from a less deep portion of said biological material;
extracting information from signals included within said adapted spectral bandwidth, the information including normalized spectral parameter values, scatter-property estimates, and echo signal envelope statistics; and
utilizing said extracted information to specifically identify where said collection of cancer cells may be located in said patient's bodily tissue.

US Pat. No. 10,338,032

AUTOMATED QUALITY DETERMINATION OF JOINTS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An assembly comprising:a sensor configured to obtain a data scan of a joint, the sensor including a probe exerting a pressure on a surface overlying the joint;
a controller operatively connected to the sensor, the controller including a processor and tangible, non-transitory memory on which is recorded instructions for executing a method for automated quality assessment of the joint;
wherein execution of the instructions by the processor causes the controller to:
obtain the data scan of the joint, via the sensor;
generate a first image based at least partially on the data scan, the first image being divided into a plurality of pixels having respective numeric values; and
identify a region of interest as the plurality of pixels with the respective numeric value greater than a threshold intensity (I0); and
wherein the controller is programmed to, prior to obtaining the data scan:
determine if one or more entry conditions are satisfied;
if each of the one or more entry conditions are satisfied, select one of a predefined set of joint categories, the predefined set of joint categories each defining a respective minimum joint area (Amin);
determine if a position of the probe relative to the surface is within a predefined position range; and
determine if the pressure applied by the probe is within a predefined pressure range.

US Pat. No. 10,338,031

COMPONENT-EMBEDDED SUBSTRATE AND SUBSTRATE FLAW DETECTING METHOD

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A component-embedded substrate comprising:a multilayer body including a plurality of insulating layers stacked in a stacking direction;
an embedded component embedded in the multilayer body;
a planar conductor disposed on one side of the embedded component in the stacking direction, the planar conductor overlapping the embedded component; and
one or more wiring conductors disposed on the one side of the embedded component in the stacking direction, the one or more wiring conductors being different from the planar conductor and connecting to the embedded component or the planar conductor in the insulating layers; wherein
the planar conductor includes a plurality of openings overlapping the embedded component over an entire region occupied by the embedded component, as seen in the stacking direction;
the one or more wiring conductors are arranged to overlap the planar conductor and the embedded component; and
at least one of the plurality of openings do not overlap at least a portion of any of the one or more wiring conductors different from the planar conductor, as seen in the stacking direction.

US Pat. No. 10,338,030

DEFECTS INSPECTION THROUGH DETECTION OF MAGNETIC FIELDS

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. An apparatus comprising:two electric connectors coupled to an alternating current source and contacting an inside wall of a pipe of a given material to flow a current into the pipe from the alternating current source between the two electric connectors, wherein the pipe is located downhole in a formation;
a magnetic sensor positioned between the two electric connectors and operable to receive a magnetic field in response to flowing the current while the magnetic sensor scans over the inside wall of the pipe, wherein the scanning includes moving the magnetic sensor azimuthally around the inside wall of the pipe and longitudinally along the inside wall of the pipe;
a processing unit operable to process the magnetic field to detect that a defect is located at a given azimuth and a given longitudinal position of the pipe and has a defect thickness, wherein the detection is based on: (i) a maximum strength of the magnetic field in a transverse direction to a longitudinal axis direction of the pipe; (ii) a maximum strength of the magnetic field in the longitudinal axis direction of the pipe; and (iii) calibration data for the given type material which correlates the maximum strength of the magnetic field in the transverse and longitudinal axis direction to the defect thickness.

US Pat. No. 10,338,029

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR IMPROVED PHYSIOLOGICAL MONITORING

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A system for monitoring a subject, comprising:a sensing device, comprising:
at least one magnetic source to generate a varying magnetic field;
an array of magnetic sensors disposed within a target region of the varying magnetic field to obtain a plurality of measurements corresponding to the varying magnetic field at a plurality of locations along a blood vessel;
a processing subsystem communicatively coupled to the sensing device, wherein the processing subsystem is to:
determine variations in the plurality of measurements caused by magnetization-relaxation of blood flowing through the blood vessel based on a coupled model using a moving mesh technique, wherein the coupled model defines a behavior of the blood in the varying magnetic field quantified as one or more physiological parameters based on magnetization-relaxation, bulk motion of the blood towards a determined gradient of the magnetic field, magnetostatics, and conservation of momentum, and wherein the moving mesh technique measures magnetization of the blood during an idle state and a flowing state and demagnetization of the blood flow away from the at least one magnetic source, the magnetization and demagnetization forming distortions in the magnetic field corresponding to the variations; and
estimate values of the one or more physiological parameters representative of variations in the plurality of measurements caused by pulsatile flow of the blood based on the determined variations, the estimated values of the one or more physiological parameters to trigger an alert when the estimated values are outside one or more prescribed thresholds.

US Pat. No. 10,338,028

ION MOBILITY SEPARATION DEVICE

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

1. An ion mobility separation device comprising:an ion source that generates ions;
a pair of flat-plate electrodes having an introduction opening and a discharge opening for the ions generated by the ion source;
a pump that causes the ions introduced from the introduction opening of the pair of flat-plate electrodes to travel toward the discharge opening;
a controller programmed to apply an asymmetric time-varying voltage and a direct-current voltage to the pair of flat-plate electrodes;
a plurality of detectors disposed in a direction orthogonal to both an ion travel direction due to the pump and an applied direction of the asymmetric time-varying voltage; and
a processor programmed to process a signal detected by the plurality of detectors,
wherein, to obtain a total transmission measurement of the ions at the plurality of detectors, the controller controls application of a potential difference between the flat-plate electrodes such that all of the ions are caused to travel along a trajectory between the flat-plate electrodes without deflection, which is a total transmission condition of the ions, by generating equal fields at least at two different points in the direction orthogonal to both the ion travel direction due to the pump and the applied direction of the asymmetric time-varying voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,338,027

FAST-SWITCHING DUAL-POLARITY ION MOBILITY SPECTROMETRY

Smiths Detection Montreal...

1. An ion mobility spectrometer, comprising:a collector;
an insulator;
a guard grid structure, wherein the collector, the insulator, and the guard grid structure are affixed together, and the collector is in contact with the insulator and is at a first potential, and the guard grid structure is configured to transition between a second potential that is higher than the first potential and a third potential that is lower than the first potential, and the insulator and the guard grid structure are configured so a current, acquired at the collector from a dielectric relaxation of the insulator in response to the transition, is less than about 1 pA at approximately 10 ms after a start of the transition from the second potential to the third potential, while the guard grid structure is at the third potential; and
a preamplifier, coupled to the collector, comprising: (i) a first operational amplifier with an inverting input connected to the collector, (ii) a first capacitance connected between the inverting input and an output of the first operational amplifier, (iii) a switch connected in parallel to the first capacitance, wherein the switch is configured to be closed during the transition, and open after the guard grid structure is substantially constant at the third potential, and (iv) a differentiator circuit with an input that is connected to the output of the first operational amplifier.

US Pat. No. 10,338,026

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MONITORING THE CAPABILITY OF AN EXHAUST-GAS ANALYZER PROBE TO MEASURE RICH GAS

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A method for monitoring a capability of an exhaust-gas analyzer probe in an exhaust passage of an internal combustion engine operated with lean combustion to measure rich gas, in which exhaust gas is diffused in the exhaust-gas analyzer probe from the exhaust passage via a diffusion barrier into a measuring cavity of the exhaust-gas analyzer probe, and with the aid of a pump cell having an inner pump electrode and a second pump electrode, by applying a pump voltage between the electrodes, oxygen is pumped into or out of the measuring cavity according to a flowing pump current, the method comprising:during a lean operation mode of the internal combustion engine, in a diagnostic phase, reversing a pumping direction of the pump cell and pumping oxygen into the measuring cavity; and
inferring a capability of the exhaust-gas analyzer probe to measure rich gas from one of: i) the pump current, and ii) the pump voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,338,025

STATIC EQUILIBRIUM PATH FOR MEASUREMENTS OF DYNAMIC FLOWS

SENTIENT TECHNOLOGIES, IN...

1. An ion meter for measuring a solution with dynamic flow, comprising:a substrate having an interior side with an ISFET gate, and an exterior side, a reference electrode;
a circuit board bonded to at least a portion of the substrate; and
a barrier comprising the interior side of the substrate, the ISFET gate, and a portion of the circuit board;
wherein the barrier partially defines a cavity providing a static equilibrium environment for the solution; and
wherein the barrier further partially defines a fluid pathway to the exterior side of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,338,024

USING IN SITU CAPACITANCE MEASUREMENTS TO MONITOR THE STABILITY OF INTERFACE MATERIALS IN COMPLEX PCB ASSEMBLIES AND OTHER STRUCTURES

International Business Ma...

1. A method of constructing an electronic assembly capable of being electronically monitored for physical changes, comprising:providing a printed circuit board including a plurality of electronic modules mounted thereon;
applying a multi-layer structure including top and bottom electrically conductive layers and a dielectric layer between the top and bottom electrically conductive layers to each of the plurality of electronic modules, the bottom electrically conductive layers being configured to block capacitive coupling from the electronic modules and the printed circuit board;
positioning a heat spreader above the top electrically conductive layer;
applying thermal interface material between the heat spreader and the top electrically conductive layer;
creating a thermal interface between the heat spreader and the plurality of electronic modules;
creating an electrical connection between a plurality of first electrical conductors and the top electrically conductive layers; and
creating an electrical connection between a second electrical conductor and the heat spreader, the first electrical conductors and the second electrical conductor being externally accessible, the multi-layer structure, the heat spreader and the first and second electrical conductors being configured such that a plurality of electrical capacitances between the heat spreader and each of the plurality of electronic modules can be electronically monitored by connecting an apparatus for detecting electrical capacitance to the first and second electrical conductors.

US Pat. No. 10,338,023

TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY SENSOR

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A sensor comprising:a substrate;
a pair of first electrodes disposed directly on a first surface of the substrate, with each of the pair of first electrodes comprising a spiral shape in a plan view of the substrate;
a moisture sensitive film disposed between the pair of electrodes and that covers the pair of first electrodes; and
a linear second electrode having at least a portion thereof extending along at least a portion of at least one of the pair of first electrodes; and
wherein the linear second electrode is disposed above a portion of the moisture sensitive film and the portion of the linear second electrode extends along the portion of the at least one of the pair of first electrodes, and
wherein the linear second electrode is separated from the pair of first electrodes by the moisture sensitive film, and
wherein the moisture sensitive film comprises a shape corresponding to a shape of the linear second electrode, such that an exposed surface area of the moisture sensitive film is configured to increase sensitivity of the sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,338,022

SENSOR CIRCUIT AND METHOD FOR MEASURING A PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL QUANTITY

ams AG, Unterpremstaette...

1. A sensor circuit for measuring a physical or chemical quantity, comprisinga capacitive sensor, comprising
a sense electrode and a base electrode together forming a capacitive element with a capacitance depending on the quantity;
a common electrode forming a first parasitic capacitance together with the sense electrode and a second parasitic capacitance together with the base electrode; wherein the sensor circuit is adapted to store a charge on the capacitive element via the sense electrode and the base electrode and to read out the stored charge via the sense electrode;
a buffer element connected between the sense electrode and the common electrode and adapted to drive the common electrode at a voltage applied to the sense electrode at least during the reading out of the stored charge;
an integration unit with a first integration input coupled to the sense electrode for receiving a sense signal depending on the read out charge and adapted to generate, based on the sense signal, at at least one integration output of the integration unit at least one output voltage being indicative of the stored charge; and
a reference unit coupled between the first integration input and at least one reference terminal of the sensor circuit and configured to adjust the sense signal with respect to a reference value.

US Pat. No. 10,338,021

METHOD AND SENSOR SYSTEM FOR MEASURING GAS CONCENTRATIONS

ams Sensors Germany GmbH,...

1. A method for measuring the concentration of at least one gas from a gas sample by a sensor system which has a measuring area with at least one gas sensor,the measuring area being arranged between a measuring area semiconductor body and the at least one gas sensor,
the measuring area having a diffusion opening which is closed by a gas-permeable structure,
the gas-permeable structure comprising a layer structure, the layer structure defining four elongated slots extending through the layer structure, the four elongated slots being arranged proximate to an inner edge of a frame of the measuring area semiconductor body,
wherein the measuring area is initially heated up, a heating is then switched off or a heating power is reduced to a value different from 0 and a change in resistance of the at least one gas sensor is measured.

US Pat. No. 10,338,020

METHOD FOR MEASURING METAL ION PERMEABILITY OF POLYMER FILM AND DEVICE FOR MEASURING METAL ION PERMEABILITY OF POLYMER FILM

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A method for measuring metal ion permeability of a polymer film, comprising the steps of:applying a voltage to the polymer film at a temperature of 5° C. to 250° C. using a device, while one side of the polymer film is brought into contact with an electrolyte comprising metal ions, an organic solvent and an aqueous solvent, wherein the device comprises: a first electrode and a second electrode opposing each other; a polymer film mounting part that is installed in such a way that one side of the first electrode is in contact with a polymer resin film; an electrolyte compartment that is positioned between the second electrode and the polymer film mounting part, and includes an electrolyte comprising metal ions, an organic solvent and an aqueous solvent inside; a chamber including an internal space in which the first electrode, the second electrode, the electrolyte compartment and the polymer film mounting part are positioned; a voltage applying part that is connected with the first electrode and the second electrode, and applies a voltage; and an electrical signal measuring part that measures resistance change or current change of the polymer film mounted on the polymer film mounting part; and
measuring using the electrical signal measuring part of the device a change rate of resistance or change rate of current of the polymer film according to time, by measuring a time until a first time (T) at which the change rate of current or the change rate of resistance according to time is constantly maintained, after the voltage is applied, thereby measuring the metal ion permeability of the polymer film as an average rate of change of current or the change rate of resistance according to time, after the first time (T).

US Pat. No. 10,338,019

SENSOR SUBSTRATE AND SENSOR DEVICE

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. A sensor substrate comprising:an insulating substrate;
a detection electrode on a principal surface of the insulating substrate; and
resistance wiring in the insulating substrate and comprising a heating electrode, wherein
the resistance wiring comprises a multilayer wiring portion which is connected to the heating electrode and in which wires and other wires are connected in parallel, and
widths of the wires or the other wires gradually decrease from end portions connected to the heating electrode toward the other end portions.

US Pat. No. 10,338,018

SYSTEM, DEVICE AND METHOD FOR TESTING AN OBJECT

VAYYAR IMAGING LTD, Yehu...

1. A system for characterizing substances, said system comprising:a housing body having a cavity therein wherein said cavity is configured to contain said substances;
a transmitter configured to transmit a plurality of Radio Frequency (RF) signals;
at least one electromagnetic sensor in communication with said transmitter, wherein said at least one electromagnetic sensor is configured to provide RF responses data of said substances;
a Radio Frequency Signals Measurement Unit (RFSMU) configured to receive said RF responses and measure said RF responses; and
a processor connected to said at least one electromagnetic sensor said processor is configured to process said responses to identify characteristics of said substances, wherein said housing body comprises a granular material configured to receive said substance.

US Pat. No. 10,338,016

VERIFICATION OF MATERIAL COMPOSITION IN PRECIOUS METAL OBJECT

Jeffrey Callister, Deeph...

1. A system for verifying a purported composition of material in a solid metal object based on heat transfer characteristics, the system comprising:a heat sink including a group of temperature sensors embedded therein;
a controller communicatively connected to the group of temperature sensors, the controller including:
a processor; and
a memory, the memory including a set of instructions executable on the processor to:
determine, using the group of temperature sensors, a heat transfer profile for the heat sink when connected to the solid metal object, the heat transfer profile indicating temperature of the heat sink with the solid metal object over a testing interval, the heat sink having a temperature differential with the solid metal object at least at a beginning of the testing interval;
compare the heat transfer profile for the solid metal object to a baseline heat transfer profile determined based on dimensions of the solid metal object and the purported composition;
determine, based on the comparing, a difference between the heat transfer profile and the baseline heat transfer profile; and
indicate, using the controller, that the purported composition is verified, in response to determining that the difference between the heat transfer profile and the baseline heat transfer profile is within a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,338,015

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR ANALYSIS OF SEALED CONTAINERS

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVER...

1. A method of analyzing one or more contents of one or more sealed radio shielding containers, the method comprising:providing a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectrometer and an NMR probe configured to accept a portion of a sealed radio shielding container, all of the sealed radio shielding container, or a portion or all of a plurality of sealed radio shielding containers;
positioning said portion of the sealed radio shielding container, all of the sealed radio shielding container, or a portion or all of the plurality of sealed radio shielding containers within a data collection region of the NMR probe;
establishing a homogeneous static magnetic field across the data collection region;
applying an amplitude and frequency swept shaped radio frequency (RF) pulse, wherein the applied RF pulse has a frequency between about 3 to about 10 MHz, and wherein the RF pulse is a high powered pulse of at least 0.5 kW;
collecting an NMR spectrum;
applying a reference RF pulse to stimulate precession of a heteronuclear frequency reference sample in the probe, wherein at least a portion of the heteronuclear frequency reference sample is mounted inside the data collection region of the NMR spectrometer and wherein the heteronuclear frequency reference sample is external to the sealed radio shielding container;
collecting a reference NMR spectrum; and
analyzing one or more peaks in the NMR spectrum using the reference NMR spectrum, thereby analyzing one or more contents of the one or more sealed radio shielding containers.

US Pat. No. 10,338,014

ESTIMATING FORMATION PROPERTIES USING SATURATION PROFILES

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A method of estimating a T2 cutoff of a porous media, the method comprising:saturating a sample of the porous media with a fluid;
measuring a spatial T2 distribution of the sample while saturated;
preparing the sample for unsaturated measurement by:
spinning the sample in a centrifuge with a first end of the sample closer to an axis of rotation of the centrifuge than a second end of the sample;
obtaining a saturation profile of the sample; and
identifying a first low-saturation portion of the sample;
measuring a spatial T2 distribution of the porous media on the first low-saturation portion of the sample;
obtaining a first estimate of the T2 cutoff of the porous media by comparing the spatial T2 distribution measured on the first low-saturation portion of the sample with the spatial T2 distribution measured under saturated conditions;
saturating the sample of the porous media with the fluid;
measuring a spatial T2 distribution of the sample while saturated;
preparing the sample for unsaturated measurement by:
spinning the sample in a centrifuge with the second end of the sample closer to the axis of rotation of the centrifuge than the first end of the sample;
obtaining a saturation profile of the sample; and
identifying a second low-saturation portion of the sample;
measuring a spatial T2 distribution of the porous media on the second low-saturation portion of the sample;
obtaining a second estimate of the T2 cutoff of the porous media by comparing the spatial T2 distribution measured on the second low-saturation portion of the sample with the spatial T2 distribution measured under saturated conditions; and
averaging the first estimate of the T2 cutoff and the second estimate of the T2 cutoff.

US Pat. No. 10,338,013

POSITION FEEDBACK FOR MULTI-BEAM PARTICLE DETECTOR

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A multi-beam metrology system, comprising:an illumination source configured to generate a beam array;
an illumination sub-system including one or more focusing elements configured to direct the beam array to a sample at an array of measurement locations;
an imaging sub-system configured to image the array of measurement locations as an array of imaged spots in a detection plane, the imaging sub-system including at least one of an adjustable lens, an adjustable deflector, or an adjustable stigmator, the one or more adjustable beam control elements configured to adjust positions of one or more of the imaged spots in the detection plane; and
a detection assembly configured to generate detection signal channels associated with at least some of the imaged spots, the detection assembly comprising:
an array of detection elements configured to receive the imaged spots with separate detection elements; and
one or more position detectors configured to measure positions of the imaged spots in the detection plane, wherein the detection assembly generates feedback signals indicative of alignment of the imaged spots on the array of detection elements based on the positions of the imaged spots in the detection plane, wherein the imaging sub-system adjusts the positions of one or more of the imaged spots in the detection plane based on the feedback signals to maintain alignment of the imaged spots on the array of detection elements.

US Pat. No. 10,338,012

PHOTON COUNTING DETECTOR AND X-RAY COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY (CT) APPARATUS

Toshiba Medical Systems C...

1. A photon counting detector, comprising:a plurality of X-ray detection elements configured to detect an X-ray and generate an electrical signal;
a plurality of capacitors, each being connected to a different one of the plurality of X-ray detection elements without an intervening amplifier, and accumulating an electrical signal generated in the one of the plurality of X-ray detection elements, wherein no transistor is connected to each of the plurality of capacitors without an intervening circuit element; and
generating circuitry configured to store reference information, and generate a digital signal by using an accumulation result of the electrical signal in each of the plurality of capacitors and the reference information.

US Pat. No. 10,338,011

MULTI-MODALITY DETECTION SYSTEM AND METHOD

Tsinghua University, Bei...

1. A multi-modality detection system, comprising:a distributed radiation source configured to irradiate an object under detection;
a primary collimator configured to separate rays of the distributed radiation source into two parts, wherein one part is for CT detection and the other part is for XRD detection;
a CT detection device configured to perform a CT detection to acquire a CT image of the object under detection; and
an XRD detection device comprising at least one XRD transmission detector and configured to perform an XRD detection to acquire an XRD image of the object under detection,
wherein the CT detection and the XRD detection are performed simultaneously, and
wherein the XRD detection device and the CT detection device communicate data of the XRD image and CT image with each other to calibrate their respective data.

US Pat. No. 10,338,010

METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR ANALYSING FLUID SAMPLES

Liverpool John Moores Uni...

1. A method for analysing a fluid sample, the method comprising:loading the sample in a sample space in a sensor comprising an input and an output;
applying an electromagnetic input signal to the input;
controlling the electromagnetic input signal in a feedback loop, to adjust the frequency of the electromagnetic input signal;
measuring at the output a response signal comprising an output signal produced by the sensor while the sensor is contacted by the sample and the electromagnetic input signal is applied to the input;
comparing the response signal against the electromagnetic input signal to generate a comparison; and
matching the comparison against a set of comparisons for known substances.

US Pat. No. 10,338,009

METHOD AND APPARATUS TO DETECT DEFECTS IN TRANSPARENT SOLIDS

KLA-TENCOR CORPORATION, ...

1. A method, comprising:(a) directing a scanning beam to a first location on a first surface of a first transparent solid, wherein a second surface of the first transparent solid abuts a first surface of a second transparent solid;
(b) at the first location, measuring: (i) specular reflection intensity, (ii) Near Specular Scattered Radiation (NSSR) intensity, (iii) Large Angle Scattered Radiation (LASR) intensity, and (iv) Specular Reflection Angle, wherein (i) through (iv) result from irradiation by the scanning beam;
(c) storing coordinate values of the first location, and measurements (i) through (iv) in a memory; and
(d) determining if a type of defect is present at the first location by: (i) comparing the LASR to the NSSR, (ii) comparing the specular reflection intensity to an average specular reflection intensity, and (iii) comparing the measured specular reflection angle to a stored specular reflection angle.

US Pat. No. 10,338,008

CONDUCTIVE FILM, DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING THE SAME, AND METHOD OF EVALUATING CONDUCTIVE FILM

FUJIFILM Corporation, Mi...

1. A conductive film that is provided on a display unit of a display device, the conductive film comprising:a transparent substrate; and
two wiring portions that are respectively provided on both sides of the transparent substrate and that each have a plurality of thin metal lines, or
a first transparent substrate;
a first wiring portion that is formed on one side of the first transparent substrate and has a plurality of thin metal lines;
a second transparent substrate that is disposed on the first wiring portion; and
a second wiring portion that is formed on one side of the second transparent substrate and has a plurality of thin metal lines,
wherein the plurality of thin metal lines has a mesh-shaped wiring pattern, and a plurality of opening portions is arrayed in each wiring portion,
wherein the plurality of thin metal lines of at least one wiring portion of the two wiring portions or two wiring portions including the first wiring portion and the second wiring portion is formed in a wiring pattern where the opening portions, of which angles are maintained and pitches are made to be irregular with respect to rhomboid shapes of a regular rhomboid wiring pattern, have parallelogram shapes,
wherein in the display unit, pixels, which include a plurality of sub-pixels emitting light with a plurality of colors that are at least three colors different from each other, are arrayed in pixel array patterns,
wherein the conductive film is provided on the display unit such that the wiring patterns of the two wiring portions overlap with the pixel array patterns of the display unit,
wherein from at least one point of view, the wiring patterns of the two wiring portions are formed such that an indicator of evaluation of moirés is equal to or less than an evaluation threshold value, where in frequencies and intensities of the moirés of respective colors of a plurality of colors calculated from a first peak frequency and a first peak intensity of a plurality of first spectrum peaks of two-dimensional Fourier spectra of image data of the wiring patterns of the two wiring portions overlapping with each other and a second peak frequency and a second peak intensity of a plurality of second spectrum peaks of two-dimensional Fourier spectra of luminance image data of the pixel array patterns of the respective colors when light beams with the plurality of colors are respectively emitted, the indicator of evaluation is calculated from evaluation values of the moirés of the respective colors obtained by applying human visual response characteristics in accordance with an observation distance to intensities of the moirés equal to or greater than a first intensity threshold value among intensities of the moirés at frequencies of the moirés equal to or less than a frequency threshold value defined on the basis of a display resolution of the display unit,
wherein the evaluation threshold value is ?2.80, and
wherein the indicator of evaluation is equal to or less than ?2.80 as a common logarithm.

US Pat. No. 10,338,007

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING PACKAGE TAMPERING

International Business Ma...

1. A method for detecting package tampering, comprising:performing first scanning of a container comprising a packaged item and a plurality of packaging elements surrounding the packaged item, wherein:
each packaging element of the plurality of packaging elements is a container filling element comprising an identification device integrated therewith and transmitting an identification signal;
determining a first orientation of the plurality of packaging elements in the container from the first scanning;
performing second scanning of the container comprising the packaged item and the plurality of packaging elements surrounding the packaged item;
determining a second orientation of the plurality of packaging elements in the container from the second scanning; and
comparing the first orientation with the second orientation;
wherein the first scanning and the second scanning are respectively performed when the container is closed with a first scanning device external to the container and a second scanning device external to the container;
wherein the first scanning and the second scanning comprise using a plurality of the identification signals transmitted from the integrated identification devices of the plurality of packaging elements to detect the plurality of packaging elements;
wherein determining the first and second orientations comprises mapping locations of the plurality of packaging elements within the container based on the plurality of the identification signals; and
wherein the method is performed by at least one computer system comprising at least one memory and at least one processor coupled to the memory.

US Pat. No. 10,338,006

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ALIGNING AND INSPECTING ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS

ASM TECHNOLOGY SINGAPORE ...

1. A method for automated alignment of electronic components with respect to one or more inspection devices for inspecting the electronic components, each electronic component having a plurality of side surfaces, the method comprising:positioning each electronic component relative to an imaging device;
determining, by the imaging device, an angular offset and a linear offset between each side surface of the electronic component and the one or more inspection devices;
positioning each electronic component relative to the inspection devices;
effecting alignment between each side surface and the one or more inspection devices in accordance with the respective angular and linear offsets; and
inspecting each side surface after effecting alignment between the side surface and the inspection devices.

US Pat. No. 10,338,005

APPARATUS FOR INSPECTING BACK SURFACE OF EPITAXIAL WAFER AND METHOD OF INSPECTING BACK SURFACE OF EPITAXIAL WAFER USING THE SAME

SUMCO CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An apparatus for inspecting a back surface of an epitaxial wafer, comprising:an optical system including an annular fiber optic illuminator and an imager which are placed perpendicular to a back surface of an epitaxial wafer; and
a scanner operating the optical system in parallel with the back surface to scan the back surface,
wherein a light source of the annular fiber optic illuminator is composed of either blue LEDs or red LEDs.

US Pat. No. 10,338,004

PRODUCTION SAMPLE SHAPING THAT PRESERVES RE-NORMALIZABILITY

1. A method for generating a defect sample for a wafer, comprising:generating output for a wafer with an inspection subsystem by performing an inspection process on the wafer, wherein performing the inspection process comprises directing light from a light source of the inspection subsystem to the wafer, scanning the light over the wafer, collecting light from the wafer with a collector of the inspection subsystem, and directing the collected light from the collector to a detector of the inspection subsystem that detects the collected light and generates the output responsive thereto;
generating inspection results for the wafer with one or more computer subsystems by detecting defects on the wafer using the output generated by the detector and determining information for the defects detected on the wafer using the output generated by the detector for the defects, wherein the information comprises information for one or more attributes of the defects;
identifying a set of the defects having the most diversity in values of at least one of the one or more attributes;
generating different tiles for different defects in the set, wherein generating the different tiles comprises:
generating a tile for a first defect in the set, wherein the tile defines a portion of all of the values for the at least one attribute of all of the defects detected on the wafer, wherein the values in the portion are closer to the values for the at least one attribute of the first defect than the values for the at least one attribute of other defects in the set, and wherein the portion of said all of the values for the at least one attribute of said all of the defects detected on the wafer defined by the tile comprises the values for the at least one attribute of the first defect and other values for the at least one attribute; and
repeating the generating the tile step for one or more of the other defects;
separating the defects detected on the wafer into sample bins corresponding to the different tiles based on the values of the at least one attribute of the defects and the portions of the values defined by the different tiles;
randomly selecting one or more defects from each of two or more of the sample bins; and
creating a defect sample for the wafer comprising the randomly selected defects, wherein said identifying, said generating the different tiles, said separating, said randomly selecting, and said creating are performed by the one or more computer subsystems.

US Pat. No. 10,338,003

APPARATUS FOR COUNTING TEXTILE CORDS OF TIRE REINFORCEMENT BELT

1. An apparatus for counting textile cords of a tire reinforcement belt, the apparatus comprising:a feed roller having wound therearound a reinforcement belt on which a plurality of textile cords are arranged along a longitudinal direction of the reinforcement belt;
two or more take-up rollers configured to collect the reinforcement belt rolled out from the feed roller;
a plurality of guide rollers interposed between the take-up rollers and configured to support a top surface or a bottom surface of the reinforcement belt rolled out from the feed roller;
one or more light sources, each configured to emit a line of light onto a surface of the reinforcement belt that is passing around the guide rollers;
one or more image sensors configured to capture images reflected off the surface of the reinforcement belt; and
a cutting component configured to cut the reinforcement belt into a plurality of smaller belt units and pass the belt units therethrough,
wherein each of the plurality of belt units having passed through the cutting component is transferred to either take-up roller A at an upper position or take-up roller B at a lower position, wherein when one belt unit is collected by either the take-up roller A or the take-up roller B, a following belt unit is collected by the other take-up roller.

US Pat. No. 10,338,002

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR SELECTING RECIPE FOR DEFECT INSPECTION

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A method for selecting optical modes and algorithms suitable for defect inspection of a particular type of wafer, the method comprising:scanning a full-stack wafer of the particular type utilizing a set of optical modes to obtain a set of full-stack wafer images; and
de-processing the full-stack wafer to produce a de-processed wafer based on a location of a potential defect of interest indicated by the set of full-stack wafer images to select optical modes and algorithms suitable for defect inspection of wafers of the particular type.

US Pat. No. 10,338,001

POROUS DETECTION SYSTEM, APPARATUS AND METHOD

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. A system for detecting a porous object, comprising:a light emitting module configured for emitting light onto an object to be measured such that the light passes through a plurality of holes of the object;
a detecting module including:
a porous plate having a plurality of non-circular holes; and
a plurality of photosensitive units respectively corresponding to the non-circular holes,
wherein each of the non-circular holes of the porous plate corresponds to at most one of the holes of the object at one time point such that light passing from one of the holes of the object passes through one of the non-circular holes of the porous plate, the light passes through the non-circular holes of the porous plate corresponding to the holes of the object, and the photosensitive units sense luminous flux of the light passing through the non-circular holes of the porous plate to generate a luminous flux signal; and
an analyzing module configured for analyzing a status of the holes of the object corresponding to the non-circular holes of the porous plate based on the luminous flux signal generated by the photosensitive units.

US Pat. No. 10,338,000

FIBER SENSOR

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A sensor fiber comprising:An elongated, unsupported three-dimensional fiber body comprising an electrically insulating polymeric material, the fiber body having a fiber length and an outer fiber body surface along the fiber length, with at least one intake aperture disposed in the fiber body for accepting an intake species into the fiber body;
at least one transduction element comprising a chemiluminescent material disposed within the fiber body along at least a portion of the to fiber length and arranged for exposure to an intake species provided through an intake aperture in the fiber body, the chemiluminescent material emitting chemiluminescent light upon exposure to a target intake species with a wavelength of chemiluminescence indicative of the target intake species;
at least one photoconducting element comprising a semiconducting material arranged in the fiber body in optical communication with the transduction element to receive chemiluminescent light produced by the chemiluminescent material upon reaction of the chemiluminescent material with the target species to produce a corresponding electrical sensing signal indicative of the target intake species; and
at least one pair of electrically conducting electrodes in electrical connection with the photoconducting element in the fiber body, the pair of electrodes extending the fiber length to transmit the electrical sensing signal to an end of the fiber body.

US Pat. No. 10,337,999

REPLACEABLE DETECTION MODULE

MESO SCALE TECHNOLOGIES, ...

1. A detection module configured for placement and functional engagement with an apparatus for conducting luminescence assays in multi-well plates, said apparatus comprising one or more detection module engagement elements, said detection module is a replaceable unit disposed within a detection module housing, and wherein the following components are disposed within said housing:(a) a light detector; and
(b) a control board comprising
(i) a microcontroller,
(ii) motion control and communications electronics,
(iii) an external input/output connector, and
(iv) an internal input/output connector;
wherein said housing comprises one or more apparatus engagement elements configured to align and engage with said one or more detection module engagement elements.

US Pat. No. 10,337,998

PLASMA GENERATOR ASSEMBLY FOR MASS SPECTROSCOPY

Radom Corporation, West ...

1. A plasma unit for mass spectroscopy machines of a type providing a sampler cone having an aperture for receiving ionized sample material along an introduction axis therethrough, the plasma unit comprisinga dielectric annular ring having an axis aligned with the introduction axis;
a conductive shell defining a microwave cavity about the dielectric annular ring comprised of electrically joined cavity walls including sidewalls passing around the axis, a rear end wall joining a first edge of the sidewalls and a front end wall joining an opposite end of the sidewalls and completed by the sampler cone when the plasma unit is installed on the mass spectroscopy machine;
a microwave generator communicating with the microwave cavity through a first aperture in a side wall to excite the dielectric annular ring into resonance to produce an axially extending plasma; and
a sample introduction assembly passing through a second aperture in the rear end wall to inject the ionized sample material axially into the dielectric annular ring for ionization;
further including a support plate adapted to attach to the mass spectroscopy machine around the sampler cone, the support plate supporting the dielectric annular ring, conductive shell, microwave generator and sample introduction assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,337,997

SYSTEM FOR RAPID ASSESSMENT OF WATER QUALITY AND HARMFUL ALGAL BLOOM TOXINS

Woods Hole Oceanographic ...

1. A portable detection device for detecting and quantifying a target of interest while in an aquatic environment, comprising:a high-resolution optical system comprising a Raman spectroscopic assembly, disposed in a housing;
a lens with an image face and a defined focal length;
a target space, capable of at least temporarily accommodating at least one target to be detected, wherein the target space is configured in the device for free flow so as to allow said at least one target to enter and exit from any side of the target space; and
a power source, operably connected to said optical system;
wherein the Raman spectroscopic assembly receives light information from a target to provide a spectrum associated with the target, said spectrum is analyzed for defined Raman peaks, and the device is capable of operating in an aquatic environment.

US Pat. No. 10,337,996

LIDAR INSTRUMENT AND METHOD OF OPERATION

The United States of Amer...

1. A Lidar instrument to detect a biological signature or a non-biological signature in an extraterrestrial environment, comprising:a transceiver having a plurality of lasers operating at 266 nm, 355 nm, and 905 nm wavelengths, and emitting laser beams at an aerosol cloud of particles in the extraterrestrial environment; and
a plurality of telescopes coupled to instrument optics using optical fibers, and connected to a plurality of detectors;
wherein said laser beams excite said aerosol cloud to induce fluorescence and cause differential-wavelength elastic backscatter which produces data which is measured in real-time by said detectors to determine a type of material from the biological or non-biological signature of each of said particles, and a particle size of each of said particles;
wherein said detectors are photon-counting modules in both an ultraviolet wavelength range and a near-infrared wavelength range;
wherein each said 266 nm laser and said 355 nm laser includes a filter and a photo multiplier tube; and
wherein a filter and an avalanche photodiode are disposed with said 905 nm laser.

US Pat. No. 10,337,995

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR OBLIQUE LASER SCANNING

BOSTON MEDICAL CENTER COR...

18. An optical system for producing a three-dimensional image of a sample, the optical system comprising:a first electromagnetic radiation source configured to produce electromagnetic radiation in a first wavelength range;
a second electromagnetic radiation source configured to produce electromagnetic radiation in a second wavelength range;
one or more optical combination components configured to combine the electromagnetic radiation in the first wavelength range and the electromagnetic radiation in the second wavelength range, the combined electromagnetic radiation including a first portion of electromagnetic radiation in the first wavelength range and a second portion of electromagnetic radiation in the second wavelength range;
a first optical pathway disposed between the one or more optical combination components and the sample, the combined electromagnetic radiation from the one or more optical combination components configured to propagate along the first optical pathway in a first direction such that it is incident on the sample, the sample reflecting the first portion of the combined electromagnetic radiation to produce reflected electromagnetic radiation, the sample absorbing the second portion of the combined electromagnetic radiation and responsive to the absorption of the second portion of the combined electromagnetic radiation, the sample emitting electromagnetic radiation, the reflected electromagnetic radiation and the emitted electromagnetic radiation propagating along the first optical pathway in a second direction; and
an optical separation component disposed in the first optical pathway, the optical separation component directing the reflected electromagnetic radiation along a second optical pathway to a first image capture device and directing the emitted electromagnetic radiation along a third optical pathway to a second image capture device, the reflected electromagnetic radiation being indicative of structural properties of the sample, the emitted electromagnetic radiation being indicative of molecular properties of the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,337,994

SAMPLE LIQUID MEASURING DEVICE AND MEASURING METHOD

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A measuring device for a sample liquid comprising:a container which stores the sample liquid, the container comprising a transparent or translucent optical inclined surface to be brought into contact with the sample liquid;
an optical sensor provided on a bottom of the container and configured to detect a profile of intensity of light from the sample liquid; and
a measurement processor configured to measure a liquid height of the sample liquid based on a profile of intensity of a detected signal of the optical sensor,
wherein the transparent or translucent optical inclined surface comprises a lower end disposed within outer edges of the optical sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,337,993

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR FLUORESCENCE LIFETIME IMAGING WITH PERIODICALLY MODULATED LIGHT

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A method comprising:(a) illuminating a scene with amplitude-modulated light, in such a way that
(i) amplitude modulation of the light is periodic, and
(ii) frequency of the amplitude modulation is swept in a sweep;
(b) taking measurements, with a time-of-flight sensor, of light incident on the sensor, which incident light includes light that has reflected from the scene and includes fluorescent light that has been emitted by fluorescent material in the scene; and
(c) performing, with one or more computers, calculations that include, for each given pixel in a set of pixels in the time-of-flight sensor
(i) calculating a vector of complex numbers, in such a way that each of the complex numbers, respectively, encodes phase and amplitude of light incident at the given pixel and is calculated based on measurements taken by the given pixel at a given frequency of amplitude modulation of the sweep, which given frequency does not correspond to any other complex number in the vector, and
(ii) calculating, based on phase of the complex numbers, fluorescence lifetime of a scene point that corresponds to the given pixel;wherein the calculating of fluorescence lifetime, based on phase of the complex numbers, comprises computing a closed form solution according to Equation 7.

US Pat. No. 10,337,992

OPTICAL ASSURANCE CAP

Oetiker NY, Inc., Lancas...

1. A fluid connector assembly, comprising:a fluid connector including a first through-bore;
an optical assurance cap arranged on said fluid connector, said optical assurance cap including a second through-bore;
a tubular connector arranged in said first through-bore and secured to said fluid connector; and,
a tester tool, including:
a channel;
a light source; and,
a light sensor, said light source and said light sensor axially displaced from one another,
wherein said optical assurance cap is arranged in said channel of said tester tool.

US Pat. No. 10,337,991

CONTROL OF AMPLITUDE AND PHASE OF DIFFRACTION ORDERS USING POLARIZING TARGETS AND POLARIZED ILLUMINATION

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A method comprising:enhancing first order diffraction signals with respect to a zeroth order diffraction signal from a scatterometry target having a coarse pitch, by designing the scatterometry target and/or by configuring a metrology tool's optical system to yield a phase shift of 180° between zeroth order diffraction signals upon illumination of the scatterometry target; and
configuring the metrology tool's optical system to illuminate the scatterometry target by two perpendicularly-polarized illumination components and analyzing the diffraction signal at two perpendicular polarization directions that complement the two perpendicularly-polarized illumination components to cancel out the zeroth order diffraction signals.

US Pat. No. 10,337,990

IDENTIFYING PRESENCE OF SUBSTANCES

PERKINELMER SINGAPORE PTE...

1. A method for identifying the presence of at least one adulterant substance in a physical sample in connection with a spectrometer, the method comprising:receiving, by an analysis module of a spectrometer, a set of sample spectral data acquired for a sample, via the spectrometer;
receiving, by the analysis module, a set of reference spectral data;
receiving, by the analysis module, a plurality of sets of validation spectral data, each set for a respective validation example;
receiving, by the analysis module, a set of adulterant substance spectral data for said at least one adulterant substance;
determining, by a spectral data processor executing on the analysis module, sample residue data which is representative of a residue which would remain after performing a least squares fitting process between the sample spectral data and the reference spectral data;
determining, by the spectral data processor, modified sample residue data which is representative of a residue which would remain after performing a least squares fitting process between the sample spectral data, the reference spectral data and the adulterant substance spectral data;
for each validation example, determining, by the spectral data processor, validation residue data which is representative of a residue which would remain after performing a least squares fitting process between the validation spectral data for the respective example and the reference spectral data;
for each validation example, determining, by the spectral data processor, modified validation residue data which is representative of a residue which would remain after performing a least squares fitting process between the validation spectral data for the respective example, the reference spectral data and the adulterant substance spectral data;
performing, by the spectral data processor, at least one comparison amongst the sample residue data, the modified sample residue data, the validation residue data, and the modified validation residue data;
determining, by the spectral data processor, a likelihood value for the presence of said at least one adulterant substance in said sample in dependence on said at least one comparison; and
generating, by the analysis module using the likelihood value, a label for the adulterant substance indicating a likelihood that the adulterant substance is present in the physical sample.

US Pat. No. 10,337,989

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO DETECT VEHICLE EMISSIONS NONCOMPLIANCE

Opus Inspection, Inc., E...

1. A method of determining and evaluating vehicle emissions performance of in-use vehicles for compliance with emissions requirements, the method comprising:measuring the emissions of a plurality of vehicles using a vehicle emission remote sensing device during in-use operation of the plurality of vehicles to obtain a plurality of emission analysis results;
identifying the plurality of vehicles associated with the plurality of emission analysis results by vehicle make and model;
recording the plurality of emission analysis results based on vehicle make and model in a database to obtain a plurality of emission analysis results recorded based on vehicle make and model for at least one particular make and model; and
analyzing the plurality of emission analysis results by population for a particular make and model to evaluate the vehicle emission performance for the particular make and model by population.

US Pat. No. 10,337,988

DEVICE FOR MEASURING MOISTURE IN A GAS

Shimadzu Co., Kyoto (JP)...

1. A device for measuring moisture in a gas, said device comprising:a sample cell where gas to be measured is introduced;
a laser irradiation unit and a light reception unit disposed outside of said sample cell;
wherein said laser irradiation unit is configured to modulate light using frequency f and said light reception unit detects light after passing through the gas to be measured in said sample cell;
the detected signal by the light reception unit is synchronously detected using a frequency that is an integer-multiple of frequency f; and
concentration of moisture that is included in said gas to be measured is calculated based on the detected signal;
a modulation amplitude setting means for switchably setting the modulation amplitude between at least two types; and
a moisture calculation means for calculating moisture concentration in said sample cell based on detection signal that is obtained when a relatively small modulation amplitude is set by said modulation amplitude setting means and for calculating the concentration of interfering moisture present in the optical path space, excluding said sample cell, from said laser irradiation unit to said light reception unit based on the detection signal that is obtained when a relatively large modulation amplitude is set by said modulation amplitude setting means.

US Pat. No. 10,337,987

RADIAL-LINE SCANNING SPECTROMETER WITH TWO-DIMENSIONAL SENSOR

Canon U.S.A. , Inc., Mel...

1. An apparatus for spectrally encoded endoscopy (SEE) comprising:an illumination light guiding element configured to direct an illumination light beam towards a sample;
a detection light guiding element configured to collect a reflected light beam from the sample, wherein at least one of the illumination light guiding element and the detection light guiding element is configured to spectrally disperse the illumination light beam or the reflected light beam, respectively, into a spectrally encoded line;
a rotary element configured to rotate or oscillate the reflected light beam; and
a two-dimensional sensor, wherein the dispersed reflected light beam is guided from the rotary element to the two-dimensional sensor, such that the spectrally encoded line scans the two-dimensional sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,337,986

METHOD FOR OPTIMISATION OF DETECTION WAVELENGTHS FOR MULTI-GAS DETECTION

1. A method for optimising values of n detection wavelengths of an optical gas sensor configured to detect n different gases, the method comprising:a) calculating a value of a determinant of an absorptivity matrix ? whose coefficients represent spectral absorptivity of each of the n different gases at the n detection wavelengths, said calculating being repeated several times, each time modifying at least one of said n detection wavelengths so the values of said n detection wavelengths are comprised within a range of values for which the spectral absorptivity of at least one of then different gases is non-zero; and
b) determining the values of said n detection wavelengths for which the calculated value of the determinant of the absorptivity matrix ? corresponds to a maximum calculated value amongst a set of values calculated in step a).

US Pat. No. 10,337,985

MEASUREMENT METHOD AND MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

ARKRAY, Inc., Kyoto (JP)...

1. A measurement system for performing qualitative measurement and quantitative measurement of a measurement item of a biological sample, the measurement system comprising:a quantitative sample adjustment criterion storage configured to store a quantitative sample adjustment criterion corresponding to a qualitative measurement result in the qualitative measurement;
a qualitative measurer configured to acquire the qualitative measurement result of the measurement item by performing the qualitative measurement on the biological sample;
a determinator configured to determine a proper quantitative sample adjustment condition;
an adjustor configured to adjust the biological sample for use in the quantitative measurement; and
a quantitative measurer configured to acquire a quantitative measurement value of the measurement item by performing the quantitative measurement on the biological sample that is for use in the quantitative measurement and has been adjusted by the adjustor, wherein
the determinator is configured to determine a dilution factor of the biological sample by referring to the quantitative sample adjustment criterion based on the qualitative measurement result to determine necessity to change the dilution factor of the biological sample, and
the adjustor is configured to adjust the biological sample for use in the quantitative measurement based on the dilution factor of the biological sample determined by the determinator.

US Pat. No. 10,337,984

SPECTROSCOPIC MEASUREMENTS WITH PARALLEL ARRAY DETECTOR

NUEON, INC., Los Altos, ...

1. An apparatus to measure a sample, the apparatus comprising:an area array detector to measure a plurality of spectra of the sample, the area array detector comprising a plurality of detector elements;
a light source to illuminate the sample with a light beam, the light source comprising a tunable laser to selectively transmit each of a plurality of wavelengths of light of a laser beam along an optical path extending to the area array detector;
a support to receive the sample;
imaging optics configured to image light from the sample on the support onto the area array detector; and
a processor comprising a tangible medium coupled to the area array detector and the light source and comprising instructions to measure each of the plurality of detector elements for each of the plurality of wavelengths in order to determine an amount of light energy absorbed with the sample for said each of the plurality of detector elements and said each of the plurality of wavelengths;
wherein integration times of said each of the plurality of detector elements overlap for said each of the plurality of wavelengths such that a plurality of infrared absorbance spectra are measured in parallel.

US Pat. No. 10,337,983

MODULE, DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPTICAL MEASUREMENT

Taiwan Biophotonic Corpor...

1. An optical measurement module comprising:a light source that emits an original light beam, wherein the original light beam is monochromatic polarized light;
a collimator that converges the original light beam into a collimated light beam;
a first beam splitter that directs the collimated light beam to an analyte, wherein the analyte transforms the collimated light beam into a measurement light beam;
a second beam splitter, that receives a first part of the measurement light beam via the first beam splitter and divides the first part of the measurement light beam into a first detection light beam and a second detection light beam;
a first light receiving module that detects the first detection light beam and comprises a mechanical rotator; and
a second light receiving module that detects the second detection light beam.

US Pat. No. 10,337,982

BINDING ASSAY SIGNAL ANALYSIS

Biosurfit, S.A., Aveiro ...

1. A system for determining a sample concentration of target entities in a sample, comprising:an assay assembly having a plurality of assay areas connected in series such that a sample flowing through the assay assembly flows past each assay area in sequence, and wherein each assay area comprises a plurality of probe entities immobilized at a surface of the assay area, the probe entities being arranged to bind to the target entities in the sample, such that the concentration of the target entities is depleted as the sample flows from one of the assay areas to the next; and
a processor arranged to model assay data, wherein assay data comprises data points of respective local measurements indicative of a local concentration of the target entities at each of a plurality of assay areas of an assay assembly, wherein the assay areas are connected in series such that a sample flowing through the assay assembly flows past each assay area in sequence, wherein the processor:
obtains the assay data;
models the assay data with a parameterized function, wherein the parameterized function is a logistic function that is proportional to

wherein DPmax and Shape are fixed parameters of the assay assembly, Offset is a parameter dependent on a sample target concentration, and DZi is a quantity indicating the position of the respective assay area, i, in a sample flow sequence; and
determines a value related to the sample concentration based on the Offset parameter, whereby the value related to the sample concentration allows the sample concentration of target entities in the sample to be determined.

US Pat. No. 10,337,981

LOW VOLUME MULTIPASS CELL

TEKNOLOGIAN TUTKIMUSKESKU...

1. A multipass cell, comprising:a body;
a cavity formed within the body;
at least a first channel configured to allow a beam to enter the cavity;
a first concave spherical, toroidal or cylindrical mirror at a first end of the cavity; and
a second concave spherical, toroidal or cylindrical mirror at the opposite end of the cavity; wherein
the first mirror and the second mirror are configured to reflect a beam entering the cavity just outside an outer edge of the first or the second mirror a predetermined number of times so that the beam propagates substantially in a single plane between the first and the second mirror, and wherein the first mirror and the second mirror are positioned in such a way that the beam is focused between the first and the second mirror.

US Pat. No. 10,337,980

ANALYTE SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING HEMOGLOBIN PARAMETERS IN WHOLE BLOOD

1. A replaceable cuvette assembly capable of installation in an optical absorbance measurement system for measuring whole-blood hemoglobin parameters or whole-blood bilirubin parameters, the cuvette assembly comprising:a cuvette substrate; and
a cuvette module fixedly connected to the cuvette substrate;
wherein the cuvette substrate is a support for securing the cuvette assembly within the optical absorbance measurement system, the cuvette module having:
a sample inlet port,
a sample outlet port,
an electronic chip assembly,
a sample receiving chamber that fluidly communicates with the sample inlet port and the sample outlet port,
a first cuvette window, and
a second cuvette window forming a portion of the sample receiving chamber;
wherein the first cuvette window and the second cuvette window are aligned with each other, thereby defining a cuvette optical path length between the first cuvette window and the second cuvette window;
wherein the cuvette module includes a cuvette first portion and a cuvette second portion bonded to each other and thereby form the sample receiving chamber; and
wherein the first cuvette window and the second cuvette window are disposed within an optical path of the optical absorbance measurement system.

US Pat. No. 10,337,979

DEVICE FOR HOLDING A COUPON AND COLLECTING A SAMPLE OF A FLUID

1. A device for holding a coupon and collecting a sample of a fluid, wherein the device is for use in a pipeline, and wherein the device comprises:a. a filter housing comprising a cavity;
b. a coupon operatively disposed within the cavity;
c. a screen aligned with the coupon to prevent solids from contacting the coupon;
d. a filter cap connected with a first end of the screen;
e. a filter base adapter connected with a second end of the screen, wherein the filter base adapter is also connected with an end of the coupon;
f. a filter screen on a first housing end;
g. a retainer connected with the first housing end, wherein the retainer does not comprise an opening through the retainer, the retainer is configured to keep the filter screen in an operative position on the first housing end, and the retainer is sealed closed with the first housing end; and
h. a sediment plug connected with a second housing end, wherein the sediment plug is configured to connect with the filter base adapter.

US Pat. No. 10,337,978

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING THE LOCATION OF AN INTERFACE OF INTEREST, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM

ROCSOLE LTD, Kuopio (FI)...

1. A method for determining the location of an interface of interest, in a target domain, between a free volume of a flowable material and a solid material limiting said free volume, the method comprising the steps of:providing a mathematical model of the target domain determining, for a plurality of pairs of electrode groups, the electrodes of the electrode groups being arranged in capacitance measurement connection with the target domain and supported by a solid support body having a boundary surface in the target domain, a characteristic electrical quantity proportional to the capacitance of a capacitor formed by a pair of electrode groups;
receiving measurements of the characteristic electrical quantity for a plurality of pairs of electrode groups;
adjusting the mathematical model so as to reduce the differences between the measured characteristic electrical quantity values and those determined by the mathematical model; and
determining the location of the interface of interest between the free volume of the flowable material and the solid material limiting said free volume on the basis of the adjusted mathematical model;
wherein the step of adjusting the mathematical model comprises varying the location of the boundary surface in order to take into account, in determining the location of the interface of interest between the free volume of the flowable material and the solid material limiting said free volume, wear of the boundary surface.

US Pat. No. 10,337,977

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR GLASS PARTICLE DETECTION

CORNING INCORPORATED, Co...

1. A glass particle detection system, comprising:a light source configured to emit a light beam into a cylindrical glass article when the cylindrical glass article is imaged by the glass particle detection system, the light beam being directed along a beam propagation axis that is perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the cylindrical glass article;
a polarizer positioned between the light source and the cylindrical glass article;
a camera configured to capture an image of the light beam reflected from the cylindrical glass article, an optical axis of the camera being perpendicular to the beam propagation axis of the light source;
an analyzer positioned between the cylindrical glass article and the camera; and
a computing device communicatively coupled to the camera, the computing device comprising at least one processor and at least one memory storing computer readable and executable instructions that, when executed by the at least one processor, cause the computing device to:
determine boundaries of an inner wall and an outer wall of the cylindrical glass article based on the captured image;
determine a region of interest based on the boundaries; and
determine whether a particle is present within the region of interest.

US Pat. No. 10,337,976

MICROANALYSIS CHIP

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A microanalysis chip comprising:a substrate having a top surface;
a flow channel provided on a top surface side of the substrate and extending downward into the substrate, said flow channel being configured to have a sample liquid flow therethrough;
a bank formed on the top surface of the substrate and extending upward from the top surface of the substrate, said bank forming a wall enclosing an area of the top surface of the substrate; and
a reservoir for storing the sample liquid, the reservoir being formed by the wall of the bank and comprising: a liquid introduction inlet provided on the top surface of the substrate in the bank for connection to an end of the flow channel, and a linear groove provided inside the bank at a bottom surface of the reservoir, the groove being connected to the liquid introduction inlet.

US Pat. No. 10,337,975

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CHARACTERIZING PARTICLES USING A FLOW CYTOMETER

Deutsches Rheuma-Forschun...

1. A method for characterizing particles using a flow cytometer comprising:a. passing of one or more particles in a fluid stream through a light beam of the flow cytometer,
b. detecting radiated light as one or more particles pass through the light beam,
c. generating a waveform which is a digital representation of the detected radiated light, and
d. transforming said waveform by applying one or more basis functions and obtaining one or more coefficients characterizing the waveform, wherein transforming said waveform comprises:
transforming the waveform by a wavelet transformation using one or more wavelets as the one more basis functions and obtaining one or more wavelet coefficients characterizing the waveform, or
transforming the waveform by a Fourier transformation using one or more sine functions, one or more cosine functions, or a combination of sine and cosine functions as the one or more basis functions and obtaining one or more Fourier coefficients characterizing the waveform, and
e. assigning a physical or biological property to the one or more particles based on the one or more wavelet or Fourier coefficients characterizing the waveform.

US Pat. No. 10,337,974

PARTICULATE MATTER DETECTION SENSOR

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A particulate matter detection sensor comprising:an element part capable of detecting an amount of particulate matter contained in exhaust gas emitted from an internal combustion engine;
a deposition part formed in the element part capable of collecting some of the particulate matter contained in exhaust gas; and
at least a pair of detection electrodes formed on the deposition part, the pair of detection electrodes facing with each other at a predetermined interval,
wherein the particulate matter detection sensor is configured to change an output electrical signal due to electrical properties between the pair of the detection electrodes when the particulate matter are deposited on the deposition part,
the deposition part comprises a concave collection part formed in a concave shape, the concave collection part comprises a pair of a first detection surface and a second detection surface arranged adjacently with each other in an adjacent direction which is perpendicular to a depth direction of the concave collection part, and a component of a normal vector of each of the first detection surface and the second direction surface in the adjacent direction is in a reverse direction with each other,
when observed from the depth direction of the concave collection part, each of the pair of detection electrodes extends from the first detection surface toward the second detection surface along the adjacent direction, and
the pair of detection electrodes are arranged to face with each other in an orthogonal direction which is perpendicular to the adjacent direction and the depth direction.

US Pat. No. 10,337,973

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ESTIMATING EMPIRICAL SNOW DEPTH

Korea Meteorological Admi...

4. A method for estimating a snow depth by a system comprising an optical disdrometer, a laser snow depth gauge, an estimated snow depth equation calculator, and a snow depth estimator, the estimated snow depth equation calculator being connected to the optical disdrometer, the laser snow depth gauge, and the snow depth estimator respectively, the method comprising the steps of:acquiring, by the optical disdrometer, information on diameters of snow particles and particle number concentration and, by the laser snow depth gauge, an observed snow depth;
determining, by the estimated snow depth equation calculator, an optimal index for the diameters of the snow particles provided by the optical disdrometer;
substituting, by the estimated snow depth equation calculator, the optimal index for a snow depth calculation equation as a third mathematical equation to calculate a computed snow depth and obtaining correlation between the observed snow depth and the computed snow depth;
calculating, by the estimated snow depth equation calculator, a regression equation between the observed snow depth and the computed snow depth as an estimated snow depth equation; and
estimating, by the snow depth estimator, the snow depth on the basis of the estimated snow depth equation,
and the third mathematical equation,

wherein Mn indicates a computed snow depth, Dmax a maximum diameter size, Dmin a minimum diameter size, D a diameter per volume, n an index for diameter, and N(D) a particle number concentration by diameter size.

US Pat. No. 10,337,972

HIGH-SPEED RHEOMETER

TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY, Bei...

1. A rheometer comprising:a base;
a driving device disposed on the base;
a lower sample assembly connected with the driving device and being rotatable under the driving of the driving device, fluid to be tested being disposed on the lower sample assembly;
an upper sample assembly disposed above the lower sample assembly and adapted to contact with the fluid to be tested, the upper sample assembly being rotatable under the driving of the fluid;
a torsion bar disposed on the upper sample assembly and being torsional upon the rotation of the upper sample assembly; and
an optical torque measuring assembly configured to measure a torsion angle of the torsion bar so as to obtain a torque generated during shearing the fluid to be tested;
wherein the optical torque measuring assembly comprises:
a prism coaxially disposed on the torsion bar;
a light source configured to emit light toward a side surface of the prism to form first reflected light; and
a four-quadrant detector configured to receive the first reflected light.

US Pat. No. 10,337,971

CONDITION-BASED MONITORING FOR MATERIALS IN WELLBORE APPLICATIONS

Hydril USA Distribution, ...

1. A method for analyzing material wear in a hydrocarbon production environment, the method comprising the steps of:preparing a sample of material to be disposed proximate the hydrocarbon production environment;
selecting a placement location for the sample of material, wherein the placement location is in fluid communication with a fluid flow for which impact of the fluid flow on the sample of material is to be tested;
placing the sample of material in a monitoring vessel with openings for the fluid flow;
applying a preload of tension to the sample of material within the monitoring vessel to correlate strength reductions in the sample of material due to the hydrocarbon production environment;
disposing the monitoring vessel in the placement location for a pre-determined amount of time;
retrieving the sample of material from the placement location after the pre-determined amount of time has passed; and
analyzing the sample of material for wear caused by the hydrocarbon production environment.

US Pat. No. 10,337,970

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR IN-SITU TESTING IMPACT STRENGTH OF MICRO-STRUCTURE

PEKING UNIVERSITY, Beiji...

1. An apparatus for in-situ testing impact strength of a micro-structure, comprising:a flexible beam, one end of which being fixed;
an impact mass block disposed at the other end of the flexible beam and configured to exert an impact on the micro-structure; and
a locking member comprising a beam arm and a plurality of locking teeth, wherein the beam arm is perpendicular to the flexible beam and one end of the beam arm is fixed, and wherein the plurality of locking teeth are distributed at intervals along the beam arm, such that the other end of the flexible beam is engaged to one of the plurality of locking teeth when the flexible beam is loaded.

US Pat. No. 10,337,969

HIGH SPEED VACUUM CYCLING EXCITATION SYSTEM FOR OPTICAL INSPECTION SYSTEMS

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. A vacuum system for inspecting a workpiece, the vacuum system comprising:a housing defining at least a portion of a vacuum chamber;
a piston within the housing, wherein the piston is configured to oscillate, thereby varying a chamber volume of the vacuum chamber;
a first valve in fluid communication with the vacuum chamber, wherein the first valve comprises a first or open position that permits an intake of a gas into the vacuum chamber and an exhaust of the gas out of the vacuum chamber through the first valve, and a second closed position that prevents an intake of the gas into the vacuum chamber and an exhaust of the gas out of the vacuum chamber through the first valve;
a second valve in fluid communication with the vacuum chamber, wherein the second valve comprises an open position that permits an intake of the gas into the vacuum chamber and an exhaust of the gas out of the vacuum chamber through the second valve, and a closed position that prevents an intake of the gas into the vacuum chamber and an exhaust of the gas out of the vacuum chamber through the second valve; and
a hood in fluid communication with the second valve and the vacuum chamber, wherein the second valve, in the open position, permits a flow of the gas between the vacuum chamber and the hood and, in the closed position, prevents a flow of the gas between the vacuum chamber and the hood through the second valve,
wherein the piston, the first valve, and the second valve are cooperatively configured to:
increase a vacuum pressure applied to a surface of the workpiece from an atmospheric pressure to a first vacuum pressure; then
decrease the vacuum pressure applied to the surface of the workpiece to a second vacuum pressure that is lower than the first vacuum pressure; then
increase the vacuum pressure applied to the surface of the workpiece to a third vacuum pressure that is higher than the first vacuum pressure without returning the vacuum pressure applied to the surface of the workpiece to the atmospheric pressure until the inspecting, or a portion of the inspecting, has been completed.

US Pat. No. 10,337,968

AUTOMATIC REDUCTION APPARATUS FOR PRE-TREATING SAMPLE FOR RADIOCARBON DATING

KOREA INSTITUTE OF GEOSCI...

1. An automatic reduction apparatus for pre-treating a sample for radiocarbon dating, comprising:a carbon dioxide collector; and
a reduction reactor to reduce carbon dioxide collected by the carbon dioxide collector to graphite and fluidically connected to the carbon dioxide collector,
wherein the reduction reactor comprises
a reaction container;
a reacting furnace in which the reaction container is received and configured to supply heat to the reaction container; and
a heat blocking curtain disposed between
the reaction furnace and the reaction container,
and a carbon dioxide trap; and
wherein the carbon dioxide collector includes:
the carbon dioxide trap to solidify carbon dioxide gas, wherein the carbon dioxide trap is connected to the reaction container;
a liquid nitrogen container to cool the carbon dioxide trap, wherein the carbon dioxide trap is received in the liquid nitrogen container; and
a liquid nitrogen injector fluidically connected to the liquid nitrogen container to inject liquid nitrogen into the liquid nitrogen container.

US Pat. No. 10,337,967

MAGNETIC BASE FOR COLLECTION AND RELEASE OF PARAMAGNETIC PARTICLES

SALUS DISCOVERY LLC, Mon...

1. A magnetic base for a sample plate of a sample processing system, the magnetic base comprising:a first plate comprising
a first top surface;
a bottom surface; and
a sample plate mounting cavity wall mounted to the first top surface, wherein the first plate and the sample plate mounting cavity wall define a sample plate mounting cavity configured to accommodate a sample plate of a sample processing system, the sample plate comprising a plurality of wells arranged parallel to the first plate; and
a second plate extending parallel to the first plate, the second plate comprising
a second top surface; and
a magnet mounting cavity wall extending between the bottom surface of the first plate and the second top surface of the second plate, wherein the first plate, the second plate, and the magnet mounting cavity wall define a magnet mounting cavity comprising a free floating magnet
wherein the dimensions of the magnet mounting cavity are such that the free floating magnet is able to translate within the magnet mounting cavity, relative to the first and second plates, in a direction parallel to the first and second plates, to be positioned directly under two or more wells of the plurality of wells.

US Pat. No. 10,337,966

DATA LOGGING APPARATUS

LSIS CO., LTD., Anyang-s...

1. A data logging apparatus connected between a first apparatus and a second apparatus, the data logging apparatus comprising:a storage unit configured to store communications data transmitted/received between the first apparatus and the second apparatus as log data, wherein the communications data includes communications messages and I/O signals,
wherein the storage unit is coupled to a first terminal that receives communications messages from the first apparatus, and a second terminal that receives I/O signals from the first apparatus,
wherein the data logging apparatus includes a third terminal that transmits communications messages to the second apparatus, and a fourth terminal that transmits I/O signals to the second apparatus,
wherein the storage unit is in parallel with the first terminal and the third terminal, and the storage unit is in parallel with the second terminal and the fourth terminal; and
a determination unit configured to set a criterion range, determine whether an event occurs in the first apparatus based on the communications data and, if it is determined that an event has occurred, to store log data within a time period from a predetermined log start time to a predetermined log end time with respect to an event occurrence time in the storage unit as event data,
wherein the determination unit sets different criterion ranges to determine whether an event occurs for different types of communications data containing the communications messages and the I/O signals, and determines that an event has occurred if the communications data is out of the criterion ranges,
a measurement unit located in a housing of the first apparatus and communicably connected to the data logging apparatus, configured to measure a temperature value and/or a vibration value of the first apparatus, wherein the communications data is the temperature value or the vibration value measured by the measurement unit.

US Pat. No. 10,337,965

FT DIAGRAM CREATION ASSISTANCE DEVICE AND FT DIAGRAM CREATION ASSISTANCE METHOD

JATCO LTD, Fuji-Shi (JP)...

1. A fault tree (FT) diagram creation assistance device, comprising:a processor and a memory coupled to the processor, the memory being configured to store vehicle data received from a vehicle,
the processor comprising
an event classification unit programmed to classify an event experienced by the vehicle as one of (1) a vehicle hardware fault or (2) a vehicle system fault which is not the vehicle hardware fault, and to determine an expansion procedure in response to the classification of an event as a vehicle hardware fault and to the classification of an event as a vehicle system fault;
an expansion result examination unit programmed to
perform expansion result examination in accordance with the event being classified as the one of the vehicle hardware fault or the vehicle system fault, and
when the event is classified as the vehicle hardware fault, automatically expand the event into lower events based on an input received by the processor, acquire a physical quantity of the event and physical quantities of the lower events, and determine whether the event is expanded properly or not based on one or more relationships between the physical quantity of the event and the physical quantities of the lower events; and
an event expansion unit programmed to
perform event expansion in accordance with the event being classified as the one of the vehicle hardware fault or the vehicle system fault, and
when the event is classified as the vehicle system fault, create a block diagram of the vehicle system based on the input received by the processor, and automatically expand the event into the lower events based on one or more input/output relationships in the block diagram of the vehicle system,
wherein the processor is programmed to edit the block diagram in response to an input received by the processor so as to modify contents of the block diagram.

US Pat. No. 10,337,964

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MONITORING, INFERRING STATE OF HEALTH, AND OPTIMIZING EFFICIENCY OF REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS

KLATU Networks, Inc., Po...

1. A method of monitoring operational efficiency of a refrigeration system, comprising:configuring a controller to collect data from one or more sensors, wherein the controller is located outside a cooled compartment of a monitored refrigeration system and communicatively coupled to the one or more sensors;
receiving a plurality of measurements obtained by at least one sensor of the one or more sensors from an electric circuit providing power to the monitored refrigeration system, wherein the plurality of measurements is received from the controller over a connection established through a communication network, and wherein the plurality of measurements includes periodic measurements of current in a circuit that feeds the monitored refrigeration system over a period of time sufficient to characterize current usage during a plurality of temperature cycles within the cooled compartment of the monitored refrigeration system;
determining a plurality of current usage cycles from the plurality of measurements, wherein each of the plurality of current usage cycles is indicative of electrical current consumed by a compressor of the monitored refrigeration system during the temperature cycle; and
determining whether a failure or loss of energy efficiency of the monitored refrigeration system is predicted based on a trend detected in the plurality of current usage cycles that relate to variation from a nominal current usage cycle obtained by measuring current used by a nominally operating refrigeration system over a corresponding temperature cycle and a change in duty cycle in the plurality of current usage cycles.

US Pat. No. 10,337,963

APPARATUSES AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS OF A FLEXIBLE SURFACE

Hill-Rom Services, Inc., ...

1. A method for determining a characteristic of a flexible surface, the method comprising:providing a test device at least part of which having a bottom area and side area, the test device comprising a plurality of sensing points extending from the bottom upwardly toward the side, wherein the test device has a substantially hemispherical shape and the sensing points are arranged on the substantially hemispherical shape in a plurality of spaced, parallel rings that are centered on a radius of the hemispherical shape passing through an apex of the substantially hemispherical shape with at least two sensing points being arranged on each concentric ring;
pressing the test device into a flexible surface;
measuring pressures at the sensing points; and
determining an envelopment parameter of the surface based on the pressures, wherein the determining operation comprises:
determining a contact area of the test device using the sensing points, and the immersed area of the test device using a distance that the test device has been pressed into the flexible surface.

US Pat. No. 10,337,962

VISIBLE AUDIOVISUAL ANNOTATION OF INFRARED IMAGES USING A SEPARATE WIRELESS MOBILE DEVICE

Fluke Corporation, Evere...

1. A method for annotating an infrared image, comprising:storing in a folder an infrared image of an asset captured by an infrared device that is not able to capture visible light still and video images and sound recordings, wherein the infrared image is stored in the folder with one or more tags associated with the asset;
receiving auxiliary information from a non-infrared device that is separate from the infrared device, wherein the auxiliary information has at least one tag corresponding to a tag associated with the asset, and wherein the auxiliary information is at least one of a visible light still or video image, or a sound recording;
operating a collocation program that sorts the auxiliary information received from the separate non-infrared device and, based on the at least one tag, stores the auxiliary information in the same folder with the infrared image;
generating an annotated infrared image by adding the infrared image one or more icons representative of types of the auxiliary information stored in the folder, wherein the one or more icons are symbols representative of still images, sound recordings, and video images, respectively;
storing the annotated infrared image; and
displaying to a user the annotated infrared image of the asset annotated with the one or more icons representative of the types of the auxiliary information stored in the folder.

US Pat. No. 10,337,961

METHOD OF ANALYZING RADIAL FORCE VARIATION IN A TIRE/WHEEL ASSEMBLY

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of controlling a variation of a radial force of a tire and wheel assembly, including a tire mounted on a wheel for use in a vehicle, the method comprising:selecting a harmonic order of the assembly;
measuring a first amplitude of the selected harmonic order of the variation of the radial force of the tire and wheel assembly, with a radial force variation machine;
locating a first angular location of the selected harmonic order of the variation of the radial force of the tire and wheel assembly, with the radial force variation machine;
locating a second angular location, wherein the second angular location is an angular location of a tire of the tire and wheel assembly indicating a phase of the selected harmonic order of a radial force variation of the tire having a second amplitude of the selected harmonic order;
locating a third angular location, wherein the third angular location is an angular location of a wheel runout factor of the tire and wheel assembly indicating a phase of the selected harmonic order of the wheel runout factor, having a third amplitude of the selected harmonic order;
calculating at least one of a sum of a tire force metric and a wheel force metric, or a remaining force metric, wherein the sum of the tire force metric and the wheel force metric, and the remaining force metric, are calculated using at least two of the pairs of the first amplitude and the first angular location, the second amplitude and the second angular location, and the third amplitude and the third angular location;
analyzing the sum of the tire force metric and the wheel force metric, and the remaining force metric, to identify at least one variable contributing to the variation of the radial force of the tire and wheel assembly; and
mounting a tire similar to the tire of the tire and wheel assembly on a wheel similar to the wheel of the tire and wheel assembly in an orientation relative to each other based on the identified at least one variable to reduce radial force variation.

US Pat. No. 10,337,960

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR FAST INSPECTING VEHICLE BASED ON MEASURED LENGTHS

NUCTECH COMPANY LIMITED, ...

1. A system for fast inspecting a vehicle, comprising:a radiation imaging device comprising a radiation-ray source configured to emit a beam of radiation rays for inspecting a subject vehicle; a detector configured to detect radiation rays; and a processor configured to form an image according to signals of the radiation rays detected by the detector;
a length measuring device configured to measure a first length and a second length of the subject vehicle when the subject vehicle enters an inspection region; and
a controlling device configured to determine whether the first length is larger than or equal to a preset first length threshold and the second length is larger than or equal to a preset second length threshold; if the first length is larger than or equal to the first length threshold and the second length is larger than or equal to the second length threshold, determine whether a gap portion of the subject vehicle between a first portion and a second portion of the subject vehicle appears in a beam emitting region formed by the beam of radiation rays; and when the gap portion appears at a finishing position of the beam emitting region, control the radiation imaging device to emit a beam of radiation rays of a first radiation dose to the subject vehicle according to the gap portion, wherein the subject vehicle moves with respect to the length measuring device.

US Pat. No. 10,337,959

SYSTEM, METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MAKING EVIDENT DIESEL EXHAUST FLUID CONTAMINATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for use with a diesel exhaust fluid comprising:a diesel exhaust fluid container having an opening; and
a reactive device contacting received diesel exhaust fluid, the reactive device changing to a second state upon exposure to one or more liquid components, the reactive device remaining in a first, not reacted state upon exposure to diesel exhaust fluid containing urea and water.

US Pat. No. 10,337,958

BEARING DEVICE VIBRATION ANALYSIS METHOD, BEARING DEVICE VIBRATION ANALYZER, AND ROLLING BEARING CONDITION MONITORING SYSTEM

NTN CORPORATION, Osaka (...

1. A bearing device vibration analysis and monitoring method for analyzing, by a computer simulation, vibration of a bearing device including a rolling bearing and a housing of the rolling bearing, and monitoring for abnormalities, the method comprising the steps of:receiving input data, from an input unit, about a shape of damage of a contact portion where a rolling element and a raceway surface of a damaged rolling bearing contact each other;
calculating a history of an exciting force of said damaged rolling bearing, the history of the exciting force occurring to said damaged rolling bearing due to said damage when a rotational shaft of said rolling bearing is rotated;
calculating a vibration characteristics model of said bearing device, the vibration characteristics model representing vibration characteristics of said bearing device;
calculating a vibration waveform at a predetermined position on said bearing device by applying to said vibration characteristics model the history of the exciting force calculated in said step of calculating a history of an exciting force, where said history of the exciting force is applied to at least one point on a central axis of a rotational ring of said rolling bearing in said vibration characteristics model;
calculating a predetermined threshold value corresponding to an abnormal rolling bearing, based on the calculated vibration waveform;
monitoring, with a vibration sensor, a vibration of the bearing device;
determining that a rolling bearing of the bearing device is abnormal when a magnitude of the monitored vibration exceeds the predetermined threshold value; and
outputting, with an output unit, the determination that the rolling bearing of the bearing device is abnormal.

US Pat. No. 10,337,957

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ANALYSING THE CONDITION OF A MACHINE HAVING A ROTATING PART

S.P.M. Instrument AB, St...

1. A method for detecting an operating condition of a machine including a bearing associated with a shaft that rotates at a variable speed, the method comprising:generating, by way of a position sensor applied to the machine, a position signal including position signal values indicative of a rotational position of the shaft;
generating, by way of a vibration sensor applied to the machine, an analogue measurement signal responsive to mechanical vibrations emanating from the bearing during rotation of the shaft, said analogue measurement signal including a first vibration signal component dependent on said mechanical vibration, wherein the first vibration signal component includes a repetition frequency which depends on a speed of rotation of the shaft;
sampling, by way of an analogue-to-digital converter, said analogue measurement signal;
generating, from said sampling, a digital measurement data signal having a first sampling frequency;
enveloping said digital measurement data signal, thereby generating an enveloped digital measurement data signal;
recording a first time sequence of measurement sample values of said enveloped digital measurement data signal in a memory;
recording a second time sequence of at least three consecutive position signal values of said position signal in said memory;
generating a first momentary speed value based on a first recorded position signal value and a second recorded position signal value;
recording the first momentary speed value in said memory so that the first momentary speed value is assigned to a first recorded measurement sample value between the first recorded position signal value and the second recorded position signal value;
generating a second momentary speed value based on the second recorded position signal value and a third recorded position signal value;
recording the second momentary speed value in said memory so that the second momentary speed value is assigned to a second recorded measurement sample value between the second recorded position signal value and the third recorded position signal value;
generating a value indicative of a speed change based on a difference between said second momentary speed value and said first momentary speed value;
generating, by interpolation, a first interpolated speed value indicative of a momentary speed of rotation of said shaft based on:
said first momentary speed value,
said value indicative of the speed change, and
a time value, wherein said time value corresponds to a duration between said first recorded measurement sample value and a third recorded measurement sample value;
wherein the generated first interpolated speed value is indicative of the rotational speed the shaft at a moment of detection of said third recorded measurement sample value;
decimating said first time sequence of recorded measurement sample values based on said first interpolated speed value and based on further interpolates speed values, thereby generating a decimated enveloped digital measurement signal having a reduced sampling frequency;
detecting incipient damage based on said decimated enveloped digital measurement signal; and
outputting an indication of said operating condition based on the detected incipient damage.

US Pat. No. 10,337,956

METHOD OF QUALIFYING WIDE-BAND MULTIMODE FIBER FROM SINGLE WAVELENGTH CHARACTERIZATION USING EMB EXTRAPOLATION, CORRESPONDING SYSTEM AND COMPUTER PROGRAM

DRAKA COMTEQ B.V., Amste...

1. A method of qualifying an effective bandwidth of a multimode optical fiber at a first wavelength ?1, comprising:obtaining DMD data using a measurement of dispersion modal delay (DMD) carried out on said multimode optical fiber at a second wavelength ?2, said DMD data comprising a plurality of traces recorded at different radial offset values r, from an axis of said multimode optical fiber where r=0 to a radial offset value r=a, where a is the core radius of said multimode optical fiber,
wherein said method also comprises:
determining, from said DMD data at said second wavelength ?2:
Data representative of a Radial Offset Delay of said multimode optical fiber, called ROD data, as a function of said radial offset value r, 0?r?a;
Data representative of a Radial Offset Bandwidth of said multimode optical fiber, called ROB data, as a function of said radial offset value r, 0?r?a;
Data representative of a Relative Radial Coupled Power of said multimode optical fiber, called PDMD data, as a function of said radial offset value r, 0?r?a;
performing a transformation on the ROD data and ROB data at said second wavelength ?2 to obtain corresponding ROD data and ROB data at said first wavelength ?1;
computing an effective bandwidth of said multimode optical fiber at said first wavelength ?1, comprising calculating a transfer function using said ROD data and said ROB data at said first wavelength ?1 and said PDMD data at said second wavelength ?2.