US Pat. No. 10,215,713

DETERMINING A CONFIGURATION FOR AN OPTICAL ELEMENT POSITIONED IN A COLLECTION APERTURE DURING WAFER INSPECTION

KLA-Tencor Corp., Milpit...

1. A system configured to determine a configuration for an optical element positioned in a collection aperture during wafer inspection, comprising:a light source configured to generate light that is directed to the wafer;
an optical element positioned in a collection pupil plane, wherein the optical element comprises a set of collection apertures;
a detector configured to detect light from the wafer that passes through the optical element when the optical element has different configurations thereby generating different images for the different configurations, wherein at least one of the different configurations comprises only a single collection aperture in the set, and wherein at least another of the different configurations comprises two of the collection apertures in the set; and
a computer subsystem configured for:
constructing one or more additional images from two or more of the different images, wherein the two or more different images used to generate any one of the one or more additional images do not comprise only the different images generated for single collection apertures in the set;
determining one or more characteristics of the different images and the one or more additional images;
comparing the one or more characteristics of the different images and the one or more additional images; and
selecting one of the different or additional configurations for the optical element for inspection of the wafer based on results of said comparing.

US Pat. No. 10,215,712

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING AND MEASURING DYNAMICALLY FOCUSED, STEERED, AND SHAPED OBLIQUE LASER ILLUMINATION FOR SPINNING WAFER INSPECTION SYSTEM

KLA-Tencor Corporation

1. A spinning wafer inspection system including an automatic beam steering and shaping mechanism which combines beam shaping and beam steering of said beam in a single beam shaping/steering module, said beam steering and shaping mechanism configured to enable adjustment of position, angle, size, and spot scaling and magnification of said beam;wherein said beam shaping/steering module comprises said beam traversing at least one prism group comprising at least a first prism and a second prism, one of said first and said second prism being rotatable, a second of said first and said second prism being rotatable and translatable, each said prism group affecting both anamorphic magnification and beam direction/shear of said beam in one direction; and
said beam steering and shaping mechanism comprising;a partially reflecting mirror and a beam splitter for splitting an incoming laser beam into two channels;two cameras, each positioned on one of the two channels;wherein the two channels are optimized, a first channel for measuring tilt angle and a second channel for measuring shear position.

US Pat. No. 10,215,710

METHOD FOR CLASSIFYING A DEFECT IN A COMPONENT INTENDED TO HAVE A MONOCRYSTALLINE STRUCTURE

ROLLS-ROYCE plc, London ...

1. A method of classifying whether a defect in a component having a monocrystalline structure with a primary grain is a scratch or a secondary grain, the method comprising:illuminating a surface of the component containing the defect with a beam of light from a plurality of different spherical directions centred on the surface of the component containing the defect;
for each illumination direction, measuring an intensity of light reflected by the surface of the component containing the defect and received by a detector;
determining a contrast value between a region with higher intensity and a region with lower intensity for each illumination direction;
analysing the contrast values by performing a plurality of tests selected from the following:
(a) determining whether the region with higher intensity exceeds a predetermined width;
(b) identifying the illumination direction which produces a maximum contrast value, and determining whether the illumination direction falls outside of a predetermined region centred on the detector;
(c) identifying a peak in the contrast values, and determining whether a width of the peak exceeds a predetermined threshold and the peak extends over a range of illumination directions; and
(d) determining whether the contrast values contain a plurality of discontinuous peaks; and
determining whether the defect is a scratch or a secondary grain based on an outcome of each of the plurality of tests.

US Pat. No. 10,215,709

DETECTING SYSTEM

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A detecting system configured for detecting flaws on an object to be detected, comprising:a display processing device;
a tunable light source;
at least one transceiver, comprising a light transmitter and a light receiver, wherein the tunable light source is connected with the light transmitter, and the light receiver and the light transmitter are fixed together in a combination manner and contact directly with each other, and the light receiver configured for cooperating with the light transmitter, wherein the receiver is connected with the display processing device;
wherein the display processing device is connected to the tunable light source, and is configured to receive and process information provided by the light receiver to form detection images, and is operable to adjust the tunable light source.

US Pat. No. 10,215,708

INSPECTION APPARATUS AND INSPECTION METHOD FOR INSPECTION OF THE SURFACE APPEARANCE OF A FLAT ITEM THAT REPRESENTS A TEST SPECIMEN

EyeC GmbH, Hamburg (DE)

1. An inspection apparatus for inspection of a surface appearance of a flat item representing a test specimen, the inspection apparatus comprising:(a) a spotlight light source;
(b) a partially transmissible passive lighting body spotlighted by the spotlight light source and illuminating a test region; and
(c) at least one optical sensor directed at the test region and disposed with reference to the test region, optically beyond the passive lighting body and detecting the test region through the passive lighting body;
wherein the spotlight light source is directed at the passive lighting body and the passive lighting body extends continuously over at least 120° in a section plane perpendicular to a surface of the flat item to be inspected.

US Pat. No. 10,215,705

FIBER OPTIC SYSTEM FOR MEASURING A MULTIPHASE FLOW

Petroliam Nasional Berhad...

1. A system for measuring a multiphase flow comprising:an optical source connected to a multiplexer for multiplexing the optical source into optical signals with different wavelengths for transmission into the multiphase flow;
at least a first fiber optic probe connected to the multiplexer, the first probe for transmitting the optical signals from the multiplexer into the multiphase flow, collecting reflected signals from the multiphase flow, and directing them to a first photodiode;
at least a second fiber optic probe for collecting optical signals passing through the multiphase flow;
a filter connected to the second probe capable of filtering the signals passing through the multiphase flow; and
a second photodiode for collecting optical signals from the filter, wherein the first and second photodiodes convert the collected optical signals into electrical signals that are used by a computer to develop an image representation of the multiphase flow.

US Pat. No. 10,215,704

COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY USING INTERSECTING VIEWS OF PLASMA USING OPTICAL EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY DURING PLASMA PROCESSING

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

1. A plasma optical emission spectrographic (OES) system comprising:a first array of multiple OES optical detectors configured to have a first line-of-sight view of plasma over a substrate on a substrate holder in an etch chamber of a plasma processing system;
a second array of multiple OES optical detectors configured to have a second line-of-sight view of plasma in the etch chamber; and
circuitry configured to generate a computed tomographic reconstruction of chemical species of the plasma based on measurements received from the first array of multiple OES optical detectors and the second array of multiple OES optical detectors,
wherein, relative to each other, the first line-of-sight view and second line-of-sight view intersect within the etch chamber and are non-coextensive, non-parallel, and non-orthogonal,
wherein the generation of the computed tomographic reconstruction includes:
obtaining light measurements from light received from intersecting views of the first and second line-of-sight views;
identifying chemical species in the plasma based on the obtained light measurements;
determining spatial locations of the identified chemical species in the plasma based on the obtained light measurements;
associating the determined spatial locations in the plasma for one or more of the identified chemical species;
storing a tomographic reconstruction based on the association of the determined spatial locations in the plasma with the respective one or more of the identified chemical species.

US Pat. No. 10,215,703

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PERFORMING SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSIS OF A SUBJECT USING A FRUSTUM SHAPED REFLECTIVE CAVITY

1. An apparatus for performing spectroscopic analysis of a subject, the apparatus comprising:a light source for producing excitation light at a first wavelength;
a frustum shaped reflective cavity with a specular reflective surface, the reflective cavity having a first aperture located at the apex of the reflective cavity and a second aperture located at the base of the reflective cavity, the second aperture is configured to be applied to the subject such that the reflective cavity substantially forms an enclosure covering an area of the subject;
one or more optic components configured to focus the excitation light at the first aperture of the reflective cavity to deliver the excitation light into the reflective cavity, wherein the excitation light projects onto the second aperture of the reflective cavity and enters and interacts with the covered area of the subject and produces signal light at a second wavelength, wherein the reflective cavity reflects the excitation light and signal light which is reflected or back-scattered from the covered area of the subject and causes said reflected or back-scattered excitation light and signal light to re-enter the covered area of the subject at the second aperture of the reflective cavity, except said reflected or back-scattered excitation light and signal light that exits the reflective cavity through the first aperture of the reflective cavity; and
a spectrometer device for collecting and measuring an optical spectrum of the signal light.

US Pat. No. 10,215,702

METHOD FOR PREPARING A SURFACE ENHANCED RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY PARTICLE

Agency for Science, Techn...

1. A method of preparing a surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) particle comprising attaching a plurality of Raman molecules on the surface of a metallic core while simultaneously encapsulating said core with a biocompatible protective shell at an elevated temperature, wherein said elevated temperature is selected to decrease the time taken for the simultaneous attachment and encapsulation more than one-fold relative to the same simultaneously attachment and encapsulation performed at 20° C.

US Pat. No. 10,215,700

PLASMONIC CHIP FOR OBSERVING CANCER RELATED SUBSTANCES BY LOCALIZED SURFACE PLASMON RESONACE

MYTECH CO., LTD., Hyogo ...

1. A plasmonic chip, comprising:a region of meso-crystal including nanocrystals of silver oxides containing silver peroxides, wherein
the meso-crystal is able to have a function to generate a negative polarity when the meso-crystal is in contact to sera or biological samples, to selectively capture or absorb a cancer-related substance having a positive polarity, and to show an effect of localized surface plasmon resonance when the meso-crystal is irradiated with light.

US Pat. No. 10,215,699

UTILIZING UPDRAFT FLOW IN A FAN-LESS DUST SENSOR

Honeywell International I...

1. A particulate matter sensor comprising:an air duct;
a light source configured to pass a light beam into the air duct;
an extender, offset from the light beam but connected to the light source, conducting thermal energy generated by the light source to heat air to generate a convective induced airflow in the air duct;
a photodetector configured to detect light of the light beam that is scattered and/or reflected off of particulate matter in the airflow in the air duct; and
a computing device coupled to the photodetector having a processor and a memory storing instructions which, when executed by the processor, determines a mass concentration of particles in the air duct based on an output of the photodetector.

US Pat. No. 10,215,698

MULTIPLE LIGHT PATHS ARCHITECTURE AND OBSCURATION METHODS FOR SIGNAL AND PERFUSION INDEX OPTIMIZATION

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An electronic device comprising:a first light emitter configured to generate a first light to travel a first light path and a second light to travel a second light path, wherein the first light path is in a different direction than the second light path;
a first window overlaying the first light emitter;
a second light emitter configured to generate a third light to travel a third light path and a fourth light to travel a fourth light path, wherein the third light path is in a different direction than the fourth light path;
a second window overlaying the second light emitter, the second window laterally spaced from the first window;
a first light sensor located a first separation distance from the first light emitter and a second separation distance from the second light emitter, the first separation distance being different from the second separation distance, wherein the first light sensor is configured to detect the first light and generate a first signal indicative of the detected first light, and detect the fourth light and generate a fourth signal indicative of the detected fourth light;
a third window overlaying the first light sensor;
a second light sensor located the second separation distance from the first light emitter and the first separation distance from the second light emitter, wherein the second light sensor is configured to detect the second light and generate a second signal indicative of the detected second light, and detect the third light and generate a third signal indicative of the detected third light;
a fourth window overlaying the second light sensor, the fourth window laterally spaced from the third window; and
a processor coupled to the first light sensor and the second light sensor, the processor configured to determine a physiological signal from the first signal and the third signal.

US Pat. No. 10,215,697

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MEASURING 3D REFRACTIVE-INDEX TOMOGRAMS USING HIGH-SPEED WAVEFRONT SHAPER

TOMOCUBE, INC., Daejeon ...

1. A method for measuring three-dimensional (3D) refractive-index tomograms using a wavefront shaper in ultra-high speed and high precision, the method comprising:leading a first incident ray pattern to a portion of a surface of a sample using a digital micromirror device (DMD), the first incident ray pattern including first angled plane waves having a first angle;
measuring a first two-dimensional (2D) optical field to the first incident ray pattern through an interferometer;
leading a second incident ray pattern to only the same portion of the surface of the sample as the first incident ray pattern using the DMD without the second incident ray pattern being led to another distinct portion of the surface of the sample, the second incident ray pattern having a ray pattern that is distinct from a ray pattern of the first incident ray pattern, and the second incident ray pattern including second angled plane waves having a second angle that is distinct from the first angle of the first angled plane waves of the first incident ray pattern;
measuring a second 2D optical field to the second incident ray pattern through the interferometer;
numerically analyzing a reaction of the same portion of the surface of the sample to the first angled plane waves and the second angled plane waves that are respectively included in the first incident ray pattern and the second incident ray pattern from the measured first 2D optical field and the measured second 2D optical field; and
obtaining 3D refractive-index tomograms based on the numerical analysis.

US Pat. No. 10,215,696

SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING AT LEAST ONE PROPERTY OF A SHEET DIELECTRIC SAMPLE USING TERAHERTZ RADIATION

PICOMETRIX, LLC, Ann Arb...

1. A system for determining at least one property of a sheet dielectric sample using terahertz radiation, the system comprising:at least one terahertz transmitter configured to output a pulse of terahertz radiation to the sheet dielectric sample;
a terahertz receiver configured to receive at least a portion of the pulse of terahertz radiation from the sheet dielectric sample, wherein the terahertz receiver is configured to output a measured waveform based on the terahertz radiation received by the terahertz receiver;
a control unit in communication with the terahertz receiver and configured to receive the measured waveform from the terahertz receiver;
wherein the control unit is configured to:
choose at least one region of interest of the measured waveform,
compare the at least one region of interest of the measured waveform to a model waveform, wherein the model waveform is derived from a reference waveform recorded when the sheet dielectric sample is not present,
vary at least one parameter of a model waveform to minimize the difference between the model waveform and the measured waveform,
determine the at least one parameter of the model waveform so that the model waveform best matches the measured waveform, and
wherein the at least one parameter of the model waveform includes at least one of the following: thickness of a sheet dielectric model and complex index of refraction of a sheet dielectric model.

US Pat. No. 10,215,695

INSPECTION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING DEFECTS AT A MATERIALS INTERFACE

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...

1. An inspection system comprising:a radiation source;
at least one detector;
an analyzer; and
a controller operably connected to the radiation source, the at least one detector and the analyzer,
wherein the controller controls the radiation source, the at least one detector, and the analyzer during an inspection of an interface between materials of an object under test such that the radiation source illuminates the interface with radiation under selectively varied inspection conditions, such that the at least one detector captures at least two different images of the interface when the interface is illuminated under the selectively varied inspection conditions, and such that the analyzer compares and contrasts the at least two different images to determine an actual differential in at least one property of the images and determines whether the interface is defective, based on the actual differential.

US Pat. No. 10,215,694

CONTACT-FREE PHOTOMIXING PROBE FOR DEVICE AND INTEGRATED CIRCUIT MEASUREMENT OR CHARACTERIZATION

Wright State University, ...

1. A device for measuring or characterizing a solid-state device or an integrated circuit at comprising:a transmitting photomixing probe having an orthorhombic configuration; and
a receiving photomixing probe having an orthorhombic configuration;wherein each of the transmitting photomixing probe and the receiving photomixing probe comprise a photomixer and optical fibers; andwherein the transmitting photomixing probe and the receiving photomixing probe are not in physical contact with the solid-state device or the integrated circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,215,693

INFRARED SPECTROSCOPIC REFLECTOMETER FOR MEASUREMENT OF HIGH ASPECT RATIO STRUCTURES

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A metrology system comprising:an infrared spectroscopic reflectometer including:
one or more illumination sources configured to generate an amount of broadband illumination light including wavelengths spanning a range from 750 nanometers to 2,600 nanometers;
an illumination optics subsystem configured to direct the amount of illumination light from the illumination source to a measurement spot on a surface of a specimen under measurement at one or more angles of incidence, one or more azimuth angles, or a combination thereof;
a collection optics subsystem configured to collect an amount of collected light from the measurement spot on the surface of the specimen;
at least one detector having a planar, two-dimensional surface sensitive to incident light, wherein the at least one detector includes two or more different surface areas each having different photosensitivity, wherein the two or more different surface areas are aligned with a direction of wavelength dispersion across the surface of the at least one detector, the at least one detector configured to detect the incident light and generate output indicative of the detected incident light; and
a computing system configured to generate an estimated value of a parameter of interest of the specimen under measurement based on an analysis of the output of the at least one detector.

US Pat. No. 10,215,692

OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE STRUCTURE AND OPTICAL GAS SENSOR, AND METHODS OF FABRICATION THEREOF

Agency for Science, Techn...

1. An optical waveguide structure, comprising:a substrate;
an insulating layer disposed on the substrate, the insulating layer comprising an air slot formed therein;
a first material layer suspended over the air slot of the insulating layer, the first material layer constituting a waveguide core of the optical waveguide structure; and
a second material layer disposed over the waveguide core, wherein the waveguide core is suspended over the air slot of the insulating layer by the second material layer, and a surface of the waveguide core is exposed to the air slot of the insulating layer.

US Pat. No. 10,215,691

RADAR SPECTROSCOPY BASED GAS SENSOR

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A gas sensor, comprising:a transmitter to:
transmit a first radar signal, associated with a resonance peak corresponding to a first gas, through a space including the first gas and a second gas,
the first gas to absorb a portion of the first radar signal to create a second radar signal; and
transmit a first infrared (IR) signal, associated with a second resonance peak corresponding to the second gas, through the space,
the first gas or the second gas to absorb a portion of the first IR signal to create a second IR signal; and
a controller to:
determine a concentration of the second gas based on the second radar signal and the second IR signal.

US Pat. No. 10,215,690

METHOD FOR ESTIMATING A VALUE OF A KEROGEN PROPERTY IN SUBSURFACE FORMATIONS

Schlumberger Technology C...

1. A method for estimating a value of a kerogen property in a subsurface formation, the value of the kerogen property being unknown, the method comprising:measuring spectral intensity values over an infrared (IR) spectral range for a selected sample from the subsurface formation;
determining a range of values representing the measured spectral intensity values corresponding to a vibrational mode attributable to kerogen in the selected sample, the range of values including values representing uncertainty in the measured spectral intensity over a portion of the spectral range; and
inputting values from the range of values into a stochastic regression model to determine an estimated value of the kerogen property in the selected sample; and wherein the measured spectral intensity values are attributable to a plurality of vibrational modes attributable to kerogen in the selected sample, the determining step further comprising:
for each vibrational mode in the plurality of vibrational modes, determining a range of values representing the measured spectral intensity values corresponding to the vibrational mode, the range of values including values representing uncertainty in the measured spectral intensity;
and the inputting step further comprising:
for each vibrational mode in the plurality of vibrational modes, inputting values from the range of values into the stochastic regression model to determine the estimated value of the kerogen property in the selected sample.

US Pat. No. 10,215,689

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR ON-CHIP DERIVATIVE SPECTROSCOPY

Hong Kong Applied Science...

1. A derivative spectroscopy system for generating one or more derivative spectra of an input optical signal comprising:a first dispersive-element structure for spectrally decomposing the input optical signal into plural subband signals, the first dispersive-element structure comprising one or more first dispersive elements;
a second dispersive-element structure for receiving one or more of the subband signals and spectrally decomposing the received one or more subband signals into a plurality of spectral components, the second dispersive-element structure comprising one or more second dispersive elements, an individual spectral component being narrower than an individual subband signal in spectral width, the individual spectral component having a center wavelength, wherein an optically transmissive material used to build the one or more second dispersive elements has a temperature-variant refractive index, and the second dispersive-element structure is configured to utilize the temperature-variant refractive index to shift the center wavelength of the individual spectral component upon a change of a temperature of the second dispersive-element structure;
a heating structure for changing the temperature of the second dispersive-element structure;
a plurality of optical detectors for transducing the plurality of spectral components into a plurality of intensity signals; and
one or more processors configured to:
estimate the one or more derivative spectra according to spectral-component sets each being the plurality of intensity signals obtained at one predetermined temperature of the second dispersive-element structure; and
control the heating structure to change the second dispersive-element structure to plural predetermined temperatures one by one for obtaining the spectral-component sets.

US Pat. No. 10,215,688

OPTICAL METROLOGY TOOL EQUIPPED WITH MODULATED ILLUMINATION SOURCES

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. An optical metrology tool, comprising:a first illumination source configured to generate illumination of a first wavelength;
at least one additional illumination source configured to generate illumination of an additional wavelength, the additional wavelength different from the first wavelength, the first illumination source and the at least one additional illumination source configured to illuminate a surface of a sample disposed on a sample stage;
a set of illumination optics configured to direct illumination of the first wavelength and illumination of the at least one additional wavelength from the first illumination source and the at least one additional illumination source to the surface of the sample;
a set of collection optics;
a detector configured to detect at least a portion of illumination emanating from a surface of the sample, wherein the set of collection optics is configured to direct illumination emanating from the surface of the sample to the detector; and
a modulation control system communicatively coupled to the first illumination source and the at least one additional illumination source, wherein the modulation control system is configured to modulate a drive current of the first illumination source in order to generate a first illumination waveform of the first wavelength, wherein the modulation control system is configured to modulate a drive current of the at least one additional illumination source in order to generate an additional illumination waveform of the additional wavelength, wherein pulses of the first illumination waveform are interleaved in time with at least pulses of the additional illumination waveform, the first illumination waveform and the additional illumination waveform having a selected waveform frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,215,687

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR INTEGRATED MUTLIPLEXED PHOTOMETRY MODULE

The General Hospital Corp...

1. A microfluidic device comprising:first and second substrates integrated with one another along surfaces thereof to form a stack of substrates;
a first microfluidic channel including first inlet portion, first cuvette portion, and first outlet portion,
wherein at least one of said first inlet and outlet portions traverses both of said first and second substrates;
a first fluidic valve in fluid communication with and fluidly connected to the outlet portion;
a fluidic well disposed upstream with respect to the first cuvette portion in fluid communication with the first inlet portion,
said fluidic well having an internal volume and an aperture connecting said internal volume with an ambient medium surrounding the fluidic well,
said fluidic well equipped with a flap element dimensioned to reversibly close the aperture from inside the fluidic well when in a rest position, and to reversibly open said aperture in response to a force applied to the flap element from the ambient medium inwardly to the internal volume; and
a second fluidic valve disposed upstream with respect to said well and configured to deliver an auxiliary fluid into the fluidic well along a channel connecting the second fluidic valve with the fluidic well.

US Pat. No. 10,215,686

METAL CORROSION RESISTANCE EVALUATION METHOD AND EVALUATION DEVICE USING IN-LIQUID POTENTIAL MEASUREMENT

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

1. A metal corrosion resistance evaluation method comprising:measuring a surface potential of a metal under evaluation in a state in which the metal is immersed in a usage-environment liquid to determine a surface potential distribution of the metal;
calculating surface potential differences in a microstructure of the metal on the basis of the surface potential distribution; and
predicting a corrosion rate of a crevice corrosion or a corrosion rate of a pitting of the metal using a maximum surface potential difference from among the calculated surface potential differences as an evaluation index for corrosion evaluation,
wherein, in measurement of a surface potential of the metal, an alternating-current bias voltage is applied between a cantilever including a probe electrode at a leading end, and the metal immersed in the liquid, and a surface potential of the metal surface is calculated by utilizing vibration of the cantilever that is caused by electrostatic interacting force, while scanning the probe electrode in a direction horizontal to the metal surface.

US Pat. No. 10,215,685

INTERACTIVE TREE PLOT FOR FLOW CYTOMETRY DATA

Beckman Coulter, Inc., B...

1. A method for analyzing cell populations in a sample, the method comprising:generating, with a flow cytometer, measured values for a plurality of parameters for each of a plurality of cells in the sample, the plurality of parameters for each cell including a first subset of parameters and a second subset of parameters, the second subset of parameters being different than the first subset of parameters;
for each of the plurality of cells in the sample, determining whether that cell is positive or negative for each parameter in the first subset of parameters;
displaying an interactive tree plot including a root, levels, branches and leaves, wherein each of the levels corresponds to a respective parameter in the first subset of parameters, wherein each of the levels divides the plurality of cells into a first subset of the plurality of cells which are determined to be positive for the respective parameter and a second subset of the plurality of cells which are determined to be negative for the respective parameter, wherein a path from the root to a first leaf defines a first phenotype based on a branch making up the path, and wherein a height of the first leaf corresponds to a count of cells determined to have the first phenotype;
receiving a first user input on the interactive tree plot to select or deselect a first parameter from the first subset of the parameters;
responsive to the first user input, selecting or deselecting the first parameter from the first subset of the parameters;
responsive to selecting or deselecting the first parameter from the first subset of the parameters, altering the interactive tree plot to reflect an addition or removal of a level corresponding to the first parameter;
receiving a second user input to select the first leaf of the interactive tree plot; and
responsive to the second user input, identifying a subpopulation of cells associated with the first leaf, the subpopulation including each cell of the plurality of cells determined to have the first phenotype, analyzing the subpopulation of cells on a second tree plot including second levels to determine a second phenotype for each of the cells in the subpopulation based on the second subset of parameters associated with the second levels, and displaying the second tree plot.

US Pat. No. 10,215,683

LIGHT SCATTER BASED APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR HEMATOLOGY ANALYSIS USING ONLY THREE DETECTORS

Chiranjit Deka, Morrisvi...

1. An apparatus for optically identifying and enumerating blood cells in a blood sample, the apparatus comprising:a container that contains at least one of a lytic reagent that lyses red blood cells and a diluent that does not lyse red blood cells;
an optical flow cell;
an energy source for emitting electromagnetic radiation in a first direction to illuminate a region of the flow channel;
a light scatter detector array having no more than three light scatter detectors, the array having:
a side scatter detector configured to measure light scatter around an axis substantially perpendicular to the first direction within a cone of full angle less than 50° centered around the axis,
an intermediate angle light scatter detector, and
one of an axial light loss detector and a forward light scatter detector;
wherein the at least one of a lytic reagent that lyses the red blood cells and a diluent that does not lyse the red blood cells is a lytic reagent comprising a surfactant and an alkali metal salt in a hypotonic solution;
wherein the lytic reagent comprises about 15 mM to about 30 mM of sodium chloride (NaCl), sodium dodecyl sulfate at a concentration of about 0.001% (w/v) to about 0.005% w/v, and is at a pH at about 7.0 to about 7.5; and
wherein the intermediate angle light scatter detector is configured to detect light scattered at angles from about 25° to about 45° relative to the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,215,682

METHODS, DEVICE AND APPARATUS FOR EVALUATING ELECTRICAL CURRENT THREAT EFFECTS AT JOINTS

AIRBUS OPERATIONS LIMITED...

1. A device configured for measuring one or more physical properties of, and/or induced by, gases, plasma and/or particles released from a joint in response to an electrical current threat, the joint comprising a fastener passing through a structure so that an end of the fastener protrudes from the structure, the device comprising:a containment member having a base surrounding an opening into a cavity, the containment member being arranged to be mounted over the end of the fastener to enclose the end of the fastener within the cavity and to seal the opening; and
one or more sensors configured to measure: one or more physical properties of electrically induced gases, plasma and/or particles contained by the cavity; and/or one or more physical properties of the containment member induced by gases, plasma and/or particles contained by the cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,215,681

SYSTEM FOR ELIMINATING ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE PARTICLES

1. A system for eliminating electrically conductive particles by detecting and destroying electrically conductive particles in a medium circulation, the system comprising:a device having a uniform frame,
a flow space inside the device for a flow-through of a medium circulation occurring inside thereof in a longitudinal direction of the flow space, the flow space comprises, when viewed in a crosswise plane perpendicular to the longitudinal direction, adjacent narrow flow ways in at least one direction, wherein opposite walls of the flow ways are arranged by a power supply as electrodes in potentials differing from each other, whereby electrically conductive particles getting drifted in connection therewith are arranged to be detected and destroyed by causing a shortcut between the electrodes, wherein the flow space formed of narrow flow ways comprises, when viewed in its cross section, at least two flow zones coupled in separate electric circuits in order to process shortcut situations occurring in each flow zone independently with respect to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,215,680

DUST MEASURING APPARATUS AND MOBILE TERMINAL FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A dust measuring apparatus comprising:a flow channel defining unit for defining a flow channel allowing a fluid containing dust to move through;
a light emitter for emitting light into the flow channel;
a light detector for detecting light scattered from the dust in the flow channel and converting the same into an electrical signal; and
a controller for controlling the flow channel defining unit, the light emitter and the light detector,
wherein the controller is configured to:
verify whether a detection value received from the light detector is within an effective measurement range;
vary the effective measurement range by varying an impedance of a signal received from the light detector when the detection value is outside the effective measurement range; and
measure, when the detection value is within the varied effective measurement range, a dust concentration based on the detection value without varying an impedance of a signal received from the light detector.

US Pat. No. 10,215,679

THIN-LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY FOR SCREENING OIL-FIELD SURFACTANTS

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method comprising:disposing a layer of an adsorbent material on a substrate to form a thin-layer substrate;
disposing a hydrocarbon fluid sample on a surface of the thin-layer substrate;
disposing a surfactant solution within a sample chamber, the surfactant solution comprising a surfactant and a fluid;
disposing the thin-layer substrate within the sample chamber;
determining a mobility index associated with the hydrocarbon fluid sample based on a distance traveled by the hydrocarbon fluid sample along the surface of the thin-layer substrate disposed within the sample chamber, the mobility index indicating an eluting capability of the surfactant solution with respect to the hydrocarbon fluid sample and usable for selecting, from among a plurality of surfactant solutions, a particular surfactant solution for use in a wellbore associated with the hydrocarbon fluid sample, the particular surfactant solution comprising the surfactant solution;
comparing the mobility index associated with the hydrocarbon fluid sample to a mobility index threshold;
selecting the particular surfactant solution from among the plurality of surfactant solutions based on comparing the mobility index to the mobility index threshold; and
injecting the particular surfactant solution into the wellbore to sweep hydrocarbon fluid from the wellbore.

US Pat. No. 10,215,678

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MAXIMUM SPECIFIC GRAVITY TESTS FOR ASPHALT MIXTURE SAMPLES

InstroTek, Inc., Raleigh...

1. A system for a maximum specific gravity test, the system comprising:a sealable container sized and configured to receive and hold an asphalt mixture sample;
a vacuum pump in fluid communication with the container and configured to evacuate the container;
a valve in fluid communication with the container and configured to adjust vacuum pressure in the container;
a shaker with the container on the shaker, the shaker configured to shake the container; and
a controller configured to operate the system in a test mode by: (i) turning on the vacuum pump; then (ii) automatically monitoring a vacuum pressure in the container with the vacuum pump on; then (iii) automatically turning on the shaker when the monitored vacuum pressure reaches a target vacuum pressure value; then (iv) automatically opening or closing the valve such that the monitored vacuum pressure in the container is maintained within a target vacuum pressure range for a predetermined period of time with the shaker on; and then (v) automatically turning the shaker off at the end of the predetermined period of time;
wherein the target vacuum pressure value is 27.5 mmHg and/or wherein the target vacuum pressure range is 27.5±2.5 mmHg.

US Pat. No. 10,215,676

PLANT STEM TREE BRANCH OR TRUNK MOISTURE PROBE

1. A moisture probe for measuring moisture content of a plant, the moisture probe comprising:an attachment element configured to hold two electrodes wherein the two electrodes are configured for entry into an interior of the plant;
the attachment element including:
a body;
and
measurement circuitry connected to the electrodes and operable to provide a measurement signal indicative of the moisture content in the plant based on the dielectric constant of the plant;
wherein the measurement circuitry provides the measurement signal to provide an indication of moisture content by volume in the plant based on a dielectric constant of the plant material as sensed between the electrodes for attachment to the plant.

US Pat. No. 10,215,675

UNIVERSAL MATERIAL TESTER WITH QUICK-RELEASE TEST PROBE AND WITH REDUCED CROSS-TALK BETWEEN THE SENSORS

1. A universal material tester with quick-release test probe and reduced cross-talk between the sensors comprising:a rigid housing supporting a sensor unit and a test probe rigidly secured in the sensor unit and extending in the vertical direction;
a table supported by the rigid housing which supports a test specimen and is moveable in a vertical direction toward and away from the test probe and at least in one horizontal direction for providing friction contact between the test probe and the test specimen, wherein the sensor unit comprises:
a pressure-sensor holding unit provided with pressure sensors for measuring a pressure force applied from the test specimen to the test probe in the vertical direction;
a resilient probe holder that holds the test probe; and
a horizontal-axis sensor-holding sub-unit installed between the pressure-sensor holding unit and the resilient probe holder;
the resilient probe holder having a first resilient means that resiliently supports the test probe relative to the sensor unit and allows the test probe to resiliently move in the vertical direction but does not allow the resilient probe to move in the horizontal direction; and
the horizontal-axis sensor-holding sub-unit having second resilient means that resiliently supports the resilient probe holder relative to the sensor unit to allow the resilient probe holder with the test probe to resiliently move at least in one horizontal direction.

US Pat. No. 10,215,674

DEVICE FOR MEASURING THE DYNAMIC STRESS/STRAIN RESPONSE OF DUCTILE MATERIALS

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. An apparatus for measuring a dynamic tensile stress/strain response of a material, comprising:a base;
a striker bar supported by a base;
a stretcher bar supported by the base;
a drive assembly supported by the base and configured to propel the striker bar toward the stretcher bar;
a stationary specimen mount supported by the base and configured to receive a first portion of a test sample and to maintain the first portion of the test sample in a fixed position; and
a movable specimen mount attached to the stretcher bar and configured to receive a second portion of the test sample and to move away from the stationary specimen mount during a test or measurement of the test sample,
wherein the striker bar is aligned with the stretcher bar, and the stretcher bar is configured to move away from the stationary specimen mount from an impact of the striker bar with the movable specimen mount.

US Pat. No. 10,215,673

VENTILATION ASSISTED PASSIVE CELL FREEZING DEVICE

Cool Lab, LLC, Chelmsfor...

1. A device for freezing two or more samples stored within vials, said device comprising:a base having a top end, a bottom end, and a lower chamber extending therebetween and having a first interior volume, the top end having an opening and the bottom end having an inlet port;
a cover having a top end, a bottom end, and an upper chamber extending therebetween and having a second interior volume, the top end of the cover having an outlet port and the bottom end of the cover having an opening, the bottom end of the cover being configured to interconnect with the top end of the base;
a sample rack disposed between the base and the cover and configured to receive the vials, wherein the sample rack divides the lower chamber from the upper chamber when the cover is interconnected with the base;
an interior environment comprising the first and second interior volumes when the cover is interconnected with the base, the interior environment having an initial interior temperature; and
a gas density gradient within the interior environment from the inlet port to the outlet port when the device is placed in an exterior environment having an environment gas comprising an ambient temperature that is less than the initial interior temperature, wherein heat is removed from the initial interior temperature in part by passive gas diffusion promoted by the gas density gradient.

US Pat. No. 10,215,671

MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE

EMBL, Heidelberg (DE)

1. A method for providing a sequence of droplets of one or more substance liquids between a separation liquid, the method comprising:providing a separation liquid to a separation liquid channel;
providing at least one of a first substance liquid from a first substance liquid inlet to a combination area and at least one second substance liquid from a second substance liquid inlet to said to combination area in the substance liquid channel network to obtain a combined substance liquid; and
generating sections of the combined substance liquid separated by the separation liquid in a droplet channel,
switching at least one first inlet valve between a first position, in which a liquid connection from the at least one first substance liquid inlet to the combining area microfluidic channel network is open, and a second position, in which the liquid connection from the at least one first substance liquid inlet to substance liquid combining area the microfluidic channel network is closed,
switching a second inlet valve between a first position, in which a liquid connection from the second substance liquid inlet to the substance liquid combining area microfluidic channel network is open, and a second position, in which the liquid connection from the second substance liquid inlet to substance liquid combining area the microfluidic channel network is closed.

US Pat. No. 10,215,670

SYSTEMS, APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR OBTAINING MEASUREMENTS CONCERNING THE STRENGTH AND PERFORMANCE OF CONCRETE MIXTURES

QUIPIP, LLC, Pittsburgh,...

1. A device comprising:a cavity adapted to hold a concrete test cylinder;
an accelerometer adapted to detect motion data;
a second sensor adapted to obtain measurements of a characteristic of a concrete mixture in the concrete test cylinder during a predetermined time period; and
a processor adapted to:
receive motion data from the accelerometer;
determine that the device has moved during the predetermined time period, based on the motion data; and
determine that the measurements obtained by the second sensor are invalid, based on the determination that the concrete test cylinder has been moved during the predetermined time period.

US Pat. No. 10,215,669

AIR QUALITY TEST UNIT AND PROCESS

1. An air quality test unit for attachment to a vent of a heat, ventilation, air conditioning (HVAC) system with air flowing there through comprising:at least two substrate panels which together form a collection container, a collection container base on one substrate panel and a collection container cover on the other substrate panel;
a culture growth medium disposed on the collection base;
a hinge coupling the substrate panels about which the substrate panels rotate; and
at least one clip secured either to at least one of the at least two substrate panels or the hinge, the clip adapted to attach to the vent;
the substrate panels having a first operative mode in a V-shape configuration and a second operative mode wherein the cover mates with the base in a closed configuration;
wherein the substrate panels are positioned in the V-shaped mode with the clip adapted to be attached to said vent such that the collection container captures airborne substances in air flow from the vent and in the second closed mode the collection container protects and preserves the captured airborne substances.

US Pat. No. 10,215,668

AIR QUALITY TEST UNIT AND PROCESS

Luigi Novaro, Pembroke P...

1. An air quality test unit for attachment to a vent of a heat, ventilation, air conditioning (HVAC) system with air flowing there through comprising:a substrate panel with a collection container;
a collection pad disposed on a collection container base of the collection container;
a detachable collection container cover;
at least one pivot hinge coupling the substrate panel to a clip;
the clip secured to the at least one pivot hinge and adapted to attach to the vent; and
wherein the collection cover is configured to be removed and the substrate panel is configured to be positioned in the air flow with the clip attached to said vent such that the collection container captures airborne substances in air flow from the vent.

US Pat. No. 10,215,667

SAMPLING AND PREPARATION SYSTEM AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION METHOD

Zhejiang University, Han...

1. A sampling and preparation system used for measuring a blending ratio of a coal and biomass co-fired power station, comprising:a sampling pipe connectable with a boiler flue of a co-fired power station, wherein the sampling pipe comprises the following elements sequentially arranged from an end close to the boiler flue to another end away from the boiler flue:
a filtering device, a mass flow controller, a cold trap, a carbon dioxide trap and a pumping device, wherein the filtering device comprises the following sequentially connected units: a preposition dust filter, a dryer and a postposition dust filter, and wherein a temperature of the cold trap ranges from minus 40 degrees Celsius to minus 60 degrees Celsius;
a carbon dioxide transferring device; and
a 14C testing device, the carbon dioxide transferring device being arranged to transfer carbon dioxide from the carbon dioxide trap into the 14C testing device, and the 14C testing device is configured to measure 14C in the carbon dioxide.

US Pat. No. 10,215,666

SAMPLE INJECTION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR SAMPLE COLLECTION AND SAMPLE THERMAL DESORPTION, AND TRACE DETECTION APPARATUS

Nuctech Company Limited, ...

1. A sample injection device for sample collection and sample thermal desorption, comprising:a sample collection structure;
a piston type adsorber having an adsorption cavity that is capable of being arranged to be in communication with the sample collection structure;
a piston cylinder defining a piston chamber that is configured for accommodating the piston type adsorber and configured to be in communication with the adsorption cavity;
a thermal desorption chamber that is configured to be in communication with the adsorption cavity and the piston chamber and is configured to thermally desorb the sample adsorbed in the adsorption cavity; and
a pump that is configured to be in communication with the piston chamber via a conduit and is configured to pump a sample diffused in an ambient gas into the adsorption cavity through the sample collection structure, the adsorption cavity being configured to adsorb the sample collected by the sample collection structure;
wherein, the piston type adsorber is configured to be movable between a sample collecting position where the adsorption cavity is located outside the thermal desorption chamber and in communication with the sample collection structure so as to adsorb the sample collected by the sample collection structure and a sample desorbing position where the adsorption cavity is located inside the thermal desorption chamber so that the adsorbed sample is thermally desorbed in the thermal desorption chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,215,665

SYSTEM AND METHOD TO MODEL POWER OUTPUT OF AN ENGINE

General Electric Company,...

1. A system, comprising:an engine configured to generate power to drive a load;
a power augmentation system configured to augment a power output of the engine when the power augmentation system is activated; and
a controller operatively coupled to the power augmentation system, wherein the controller is configured to:
estimate a potential value of a first operating parameter of the engine caused by activation of the power augmentation system by inputting a measured value of the first operating parameter of the engine in a power augmentation model for the power augmentation system;
estimate a potential change in the power output of the engine caused by activation of the power augmentation system by inputting the measured value and the potential value of the first operating parameter in an engine performance model for the engine that predicts power output of the engine; and
activate the power augmentation system if estimated power output is greater than a desired power output or increase in the power output, wherein the engine is configured to receive an oxidant and to combust a mixture of fuel and the oxidant to generate power to drive the load, the first operating parameter comprises a temperature of the oxidant, and the power augmentation system is configured to increase the power output of the engine by reducing the temperature of the oxidant, and wherein the power augmentation system comprises an evaporative cooler, and the controller is configured to input the measured value of the temperature of the oxidant and a measured value of a relative humidity of the oxidant in the power augmentation model to estimate the potential value of the temperature of the oxidant caused by activation of the evaporative cooler.

US Pat. No. 10,215,664

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR ESTIMATING RESIDUAL USEFUL LIFE OF A ROLLING ELEMENT BEARING

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A system for estimating residual useful life of a rolling element bearing in an operating rotor bearing system, the system comprising:a vibration monitoring system including or in communication with a processor for detecting a vibratory response of the operating rotor bearing system by receiving a vibration signal representing the vibratory response and configured, in response thereto, to:
detect a vibratory pattern from the vibratory response;
compare the vibratory pattern to a reference vibratory pattern, the reference vibratory pattern having a plurality of successive failure propagation stages with respective vibratory specific patterns;
identify a failure propagation stage of the plurality of successive failure propagation stages in which the vibratory pattern substantially matches a respective vibratory specific pattern of the failure propagation stage; and
correlate the failure propagation stage to the residual useful life remaining in the rolling element bearing.

US Pat. No. 10,215,663

DEVICE AND SPECIFICATION METHOD

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A device connected to an optical fiber into which a light reflection element to perform reflection of light of a fixed amount is inserted, the device comprising:a transmission circuit which transmits light to the optical fiber, and stopping the transmission;
a measurement circuit which measures intensity of reflected light reflected from the light reflection element;
a time measurement circuit which measures a time until intensity of the reflected light to be measured by the measurement circuit comes to be a predetermined value or less after the transmission circuit stops transmission of the light;
a distance measurement circuit which calculates a distance corresponding to the time having been measured by the time measurement circuit; and
an output circuit which outputs a signal indicating the distance, wherein
the predetermined value is equal to or more than intensity of the reflected light when not transmitting the light, and is a value smaller than intensity of the reflected light to be received from the light reflection element inserted farthest when the light is transmitted.

US Pat. No. 10,215,662

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR THE INSPECTION OF CONTACT LENSES

MENICON SINGAPORE PTE LTD...

1. A contact lens inspection system, comprising:a processor;
a memory component communicatively coupled to the processor;
an optical inspection device communicatively coupled to the processor, wherein the optical inspection device includes a cuvette;
a center thickness (CT) measurement device communicatively coupled to the processor; and
a visual display communicatively coupled to the processor;
wherein the processor quantifies defects of a contact lens according to a predetermined standard by overlaying the defect when the defects are identified to evaluate whether the defect conforms with the predetermined standard; and
wherein the cuvette further comprises a fully wet cuvette, the cuvette including a cuvette positioning and retention system configured to couple the cuvette to the optical inspection device.

US Pat. No. 10,215,661

DETECTING STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY OF A STRUCTURAL COMPONENT

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A device comprising:at least one antenna;
a power supply that generates a voltage using electrical energy contained in a first radio frequency (RF) signal generated by an RF scanner;
at least two ports to which respective ends of at least one electrical conductor are attached;
an impedance meter to which the at least two ports are conductively linked, the impedance meter configured to measure an electrical impedance of the electrical conductor; and
a transmission controller configured to communicate to the RF scanner, via the antenna, a second RF signal containing data indicating the measured electrical impedance;
wherein:
the impedance meter and the transmission controller are powered by the voltage generated by the power supply using the electrical energy contained in the first RF signal generated by the RF scanner; and
the device is configured to be embedded, with the electrical conductor, into at least one structural material from which at least one structural component of a physical structure is made, or embedded into a structural wrap configured to be attached to the physical structure.

US Pat. No. 10,215,660

EROSION SENSOR AND SYSTEM, METHOD, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT THEREOF

Lockheed Martin Corporati...

1. An ablation detection system for detecting ablation caused by high temperature, high pressure exhaust, comprising:at least one ablative panel, the at least one ablative panel having embedded therein a plurality of fiber optic sensors, each configured to provide a return signal having an output level inversely proportional to an amount of ablation sustained by the respective sensor due to exposure to the high temperature, high pressure exhaust;
a receiver to detect return signal output characteristics from the fiber optic sensors, the return signal output characteristics being indicative of the amount of ablation sustained by the fiber optic sensors due to exposure to the high temperature, high pressure exhaust,
the receiver being operative to calculate the amount of ablation based on the detected return signal output characteristics, and
the receiver being operative to output an identifier when the amount of ablation exceeds a predetermined threshold, the identifier indicating which of the plurality of fiber optic sensors have ablated past the predetermined threshold; and
a control unit operative to receive ablation data associated with the amount of ablation from the receiver, each of the plurality of fiber optic sensors being associated with a respective one of a plurality of launch cells and the control unit being operative to perform one or more operations based on the ablation data, the one or more operations including at least one of: determining a sequence of operations, determining a next operation to take, generating an erosion model, determining existence of an unsafe condition, determining that a portion should be replaced or refurbished, outputting an alarm, performing calibration operations, and outputting data to a display,
wherein each of the fiber optic sensors includes a plurality of discrete optic fibers configured to pass light therethrough, the plurality of discrete optic fibers being disposed in a body portion of a respective one of the fiber optic sensors, and
wherein each fiber optic sensor comprises a body made of an ablative material, a top face of the body being flush with a front face of the at least one ablative panel such that the top face is exposed to an external environment prior to ablation of the fiber optic sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,215,659

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR LEAK DETECTION

DELPHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEMS...

1. An apparatus to detect fluid sealing of a fuel tank comprising:a flow inlet, a flow outlet, and
i) a first flow path, fluidly connected between said flow inlet and said flow outlet, where said first flow path includes a fluid pump adapted to pressurize fluid from said flow inlet, said first flow path including a check valve adapted to allow flow from said flow inlet to said flow outlet, said first flow path including a pressure sensor, and a flow control orifice located in said first flow path between said check valve and said flow outlet, and
ii) a second flow path fluidly connected between said flow inlet and said flow outlet, said second flow path including an on/off valve located therein such that said on/off valve is moveable between 1) a first position which allows flow between said flow inlet and said flow outlet through said second flow path and 2) a second position which blocks flow between said flow inlet and said flow outlet through said second flow path such that all flow from said flow inlet to said flow outlet passes through said first flow path.

US Pat. No. 10,215,657

AUTOMATED BALANCE-WEIGHT APPLICATOR

Android Industries LLC, ...

1. A system that applies a prescribed length of weighted material upon a wheel of a wheel-tire assembly comprising:a shaft defining a length extending between a proximal end and a distal end, wherein the distal end supports the wheel of the wheel-tire assembly for common rotation with the shaft about a longitudinal axis;
an applicator assembly supported by the shaft and comprising:
a base portion disposed upon the shaft and operable to translate axially along the length of the shaft;
a radial portion connected to the base portion and operable to radially move relative to the base portion between a retracted position and an extended position; and
a pressure roller rotatably supported by the radial portion about an axis of rotation, wherein the pressure roller is sized for supporting the prescribed length of weighted material; and
a processor in communication with the shaft and the applicator assembly, wherein the processor is operable to control the pressure roller to transfer the prescribed length of the weighted material from the pressure roller to the wheel.

US Pat. No. 10,215,655

PRESSURE SENSOR ASSEMBLY

Honeywell International I...

1. A pressure sensor assembly comprising:a sensor unit having a first side and an opposite second side with a pressure input port on the first side, the sensor unit including:
a printed circuit board having a first side and an opposite second side, the printed circuit board having an opening that extends through the printed circuit board between the first side of the printed circuit board and the second side of the printed circuit board;
a pressure sensor including a pressure sense element, the pressure sensor has a front side and a back side, wherein the back side faces toward and is secured to the first side of the printed circuit board;
a support secured to the first side of the printed circuit board, the support circumferentially surrounding the pressure sensor and defining a media sensing opening;
a media isolation layer encasing the front side of the pressure sensor within the media sensing opening, the media isolation layer transferring a pressure caused by a sensed media to the pressure sensor;
wherein the opening in the printed circuit board is in fluid communication with the back side of the pressure sensor;
a pressure port having a fluid path that extends from an external side of the pressure port to an internal side of the pressure port, wherein a first side of the support is secured relative to the internal side of the pressure port such that the fluid path of the pressure port is in fluid communication with the media isolation layer in the media sensing opening; and
an electrical connector including a mechanical connector and one or more electrical terminals, wherein at least one of the one or more electrical terminals of the electrical connector are electrically connected to an output of the sensor unit.

US Pat. No. 10,215,654

PRESSURE DETECTION UNIT AND PRESSURE SENSOR USING THE SAME

FUJIKOKI CORPORATION, To...

1. A pressure detection unit comprising:a base formed in a lid shape and made of ceramic;
a receiving member formed in a plate shape;
a diaphragm interposed between the base and the receiving member;
a semiconductor type pressure detection device installed on a side of a pressure receiving space formed between the base and the diaphragm in the base; and
terminal pins electrically connected to the semiconductor type pressure detection device, the terminal pins penetrating the base,
wherein a first brazing portion is formed between the base and the terminal pins,
a metal layer is provided in a region around the semiconductor type pressure detection device on a surface of the base on the side of the pressure receiving space,
the pressure receiving space is filled with a liquid medium having an insulating property,
a ring member is further interposed between the base and the diaphragm,
the diaphragm is interposed between the receiving member and the ring member,
a second brazing portion is formed between the base and the ring member, and
the receiving member and the ring member are integrated by welding.

US Pat. No. 10,215,653

SIGNAL INTERFACE CIRCUIT AND PRESSURE SENSOR SYSTEM INCLUDING SAME

NXP USA, Inc., Austin, T...

1. A signal interface circuit for a sensor, said sensor including a first group of sense elements coupled to one another to form a first Wheatstone bridge configured to produce a first output voltage across a first and second output nodes of said first Wheatstone bridge, said sensor further including a second group of sense elements coupled to one another to form a second Wheatstone bridge configured to produce a second output voltage across third and fourth output nodes of said second Wheatstone bridge, and said signal interface circuit comprising:a first switched capacitor structure associated with said first Wheatstone bridge, said first switched capacitor structure comprising a first capacitor having a first terminal and a second terminal, a first switch configured to selectively interconnect said first output node with said first terminal of said first capacitor, and a second switch configured to selectively interconnect said second output node with said second terminal of said first capacitor; and
a second switched capacitor structure associated with said second Wheatstone bridge, said second switched capacitor structure comprising a second capacitor having a third terminal and a fourth terminal, a third switch configured to selectively interconnect said third output node with said third terminal of said second capacitor, and a fourth switch configured to selectively interconnect said fourth output node with said fourth terminal of said second capacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,215,652

MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SENSING STRUCTURE FOR A PRESSURE SENSOR INCLUDING A DEFORMABLE TEST STRUCTURE

STMICROELECTRONICS S.R.L....

1. A sensing structure, comprising:a membrane region including a membrane that is configured to undergo deformation as a function of a pressure; and
a first actuator that is configured to be controlled in a first operating mode and a second operating mode, the first actuator, in the second operating mode, being configured to deform and contact the membrane region.

US Pat. No. 10,215,650

MEASURING INSTRUMENT WITH SPREAD MEASURED VALUE OUTPUT

1. A measuring system for measuring a physical quantity or a change in the physical quantity, the system comprising:a sensor section configured to convert the physical quantity or a change in the physical quantity into a measured variable;
an evaluation unit configured to convert the measured variable into a measured value, the evaluation unit outputting the physical quantity or the change in the physical quantity in predetermined measuring ranges as a measured value in a variably scaled manner that includes different scaling factors; and
a display unit,
wherein the physical quantity or the change in the physical quantity is output, variably scaled, in predetermined measuring ranges, on a dial via a mechanical movement using a gearing having at least two different gear ratios and with the aid of a pointer.

US Pat. No. 10,215,649

FORCE DETECTOR, ROBOT, ELECTRONIC COMPONENT CARRYING APPARATUS, ELECTRONIC COMPONENT TESTING APPARATUS, PART PROCESSING APPARATUS, AND MOVING OBJECT

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A force detector comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate;
a circuit board between the first substrate and the second substrate; and
a sensor device having a first member, a second member and an element outputting a signal in response to an external pressure change,
wherein the element is located between the first member and the second member, and
the first member is in direct contact with each of the first substrate and the circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,215,648

ELECTRODEPOSITION PROCESSES FOR MAGNETOSTRICTIVE RESONATORS

1. A method of making a microfabricated magnetic resonator, comprising electrodepositing components of a magnetostrictive material comprising cobalt and iron on a surface, thereby providing one or more resonator portions of the microfabricated magnetic resonator, wherein:the electrodepositing step comprises applying a plating solution to the substrate; and
the plating solution comprises:
i) a cobalt source,
ii) an iron source,
iii) one or more oxygen scavengers,
iv) one or more surfactants,
v) one or more grain refiners, and
vi) one or more electrolytes.

US Pat. No. 10,215,647

METHOD AND ASSEMBLY FOR DETERMINING THE TEMPERATURE OF A TEST SENSOR

ASCENSIA DIABETES CARE HO...

1. A diagnostic system for determining accuracy of a temperature-measuring system of a device for determining analyte concentrations in fluid samples, the diagnostic system comprising:a receiving port for receiving a test sensor, the test sensor including a fluid-receiving area containing a reagent that produces a measurable reaction with an analyte in a fluid sample;
a reference object at least partially located proximate the receiving port during temperature measurements, the reference object including at least one of a resistor or a light emitting diode (LED); and
a processing system configured to execute instructions embedded on a computer-readable medium, the instructions including the acts of:
applying a current to the reference object until the reference object achieves a reference temperature,
determining at least one test temperature for the reference object based on temperature measurements by the temperature-measuring system after the reference object achieves the reference temperature, and
determining the accuracy of the temperature-measuring system by comparing the at least one test temperature to the corresponding reference temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,215,646

THERMOMETER

FURUYA METAL CO., LTD., ...

1. A thermometer comprising:a thermocouple having a pair of wires, a temperature measuring junction between the wires, and an insulator covering the wires;
a first protection tube surrounding the wires, the temperature measuring junction, and the insulator of the thermocouple, while at least partially spaced apart from the wires, the temperature measuring junction, and the insulator of the thermocouple with a gap, wherein the first protection tube contains any one of Mo, W, Ta, and Ir as a primary component; and
a second protection tube surrounding the first protection tube, while at least partially spaced apart from the first protection tube with a gap, wherein the second protection tube contains any one of graphite, C/C composite, glassy carbon, SiC, BN, Al2O3, vitreous carbon, pyrolytic carbon-coated graphite, vitreous carbon-coated graphite, and PBN as a primary component.

US Pat. No. 10,215,645

THERMOMETER

FURUYA METAL CO., LTD., ...

1. A thermometer comprising:a thermocouple having a pair of wires, a temperature measuring junction between the wires, and an insulator covering the wires;
a first protection tube surrounding the wires, the temperature measuring junction, and the insulator of the thermocouple, while at least partially spaced apart from the wires, the temperature measuring junction, and the insulator of the thermocouple;
a second protection tube surrounding the first protection tube, while at least partially spaced apart from the first protection tube; and
a third protection tube located outside the first protection tube and inside the second protection tube and surrounding the first protection tube, while at least partially spaced apart from the first protection tube and the second protection tube by a gap provided between the first protection tube and the third protection tube, and a gap provided between the second protection tube and the third protection tube, respectively,
wherein the first protection tube contains any one of Mo, W, Ta, and Ir as a primary component, the second protection tube contains any one of graphite, C/C composite, glassy carbon, SiC, BN, Al2O3, vitreous carbon, pyrolytic carbon-coated graphite, vitreous carbon-coated graphite, and PBN as a primary component, and the third protection tube contains any one of Mo, W, Ta, Nb, Ir, graphite, C/C composite, SiC, glassy carbon, vitreous carbon, pyrolytic carbon-coated graphite, vitreous carbon-coated graphite, BN, and PBN as a primary component.

US Pat. No. 10,215,644

ENVIRONMENTAL AND PRODUCT SENSING

PAKSENSE, INC., Boise, I...

1. An electronic indicator, comprising:a circuit including:
an environmentally sensitive component having a sensing component treated with or containing a material so as to be sensitive to an environmental condition;
wherein the material is reactive with an environment to cause a change in a characteristic of the environmentally sensitive component;
wherein the circuit is configured to detect the change; and
wherein the circuit is configured to communicate the change;
a first power source configured to decay over a predetermined period corresponding to the characteristic of the environmentally sensitive component;
a second power source configured to provide a reference and bias on at least one of: (i) a gate of a transistor and (ii) a base of a transistor;
a third power source configured to provide overall power for the circuit; and
an indicator configured to activate in response to a threshold current being applied to the indicator;
wherein, in response to the first power source falling below a threshold power level, the threshold current is applied to the indicator; and
a display configured to activate in response to the indicator activating,
wherein the display is coupled to the indicator.

US Pat. No. 10,215,643

DUAL WAVEBAND TEMPERATURE DETECTOR

Exergen Corporation, Wat...

1. A temperature detector for detecting the temperature of a target comprising:a first sensor that detects radiation energy emitted from the target of a first wide wavelength band and provides a first radiant signal;
a second sensor that detects radiation energy emitted from the target of a second wide wavelength band and provides a second radiant signal, one of the first and second wide wavelength bands being to a short wavelength side of a Plank function and the other of the first and second wide wavelength bands being to a long wavelength side of the Plank function; and
electronics configured to:
receive the first and second radiant signals,
determine a radiance ratio based on the detected radiation energies of the first and second radiant signals, and
provide an output representing the temperature of the target based on the radiance ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,215,642

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR POLARIMETRIC WAVELET FRACTAL DETECTION AND IMAGING

The University of Akron, ...

7. A method for imaging a target object illuminated by a light source at a plurality of aspect angles, the method comprising: generating an angular Mueller Matrix for each one of the aspect angles measured using the light source, said Mueller Matrix having a plurality of matrix elements each representing a polarimetric state of the target object at one of the aspect angles, said matrix elements being expressed as an analog signal; representing said matrix elements as respective wavelet elements; identifying a low frequency component and a high frequency component of said wavelet elements; estimating a power spectral density from said high and low frequency components; estimating a fractal dimension of said wavelet elements of each said Mueller Matrix; generating a cross-correlation based on a polarimetric state of each said Mueller Matrix; and displaying an image of the target object based on said power spectral density, said wavelet elements, said cross-correlation, and said fractal dimension.

US Pat. No. 10,215,641

COLOR MEASURING APPARATUS

X-Rite Switzerland GmbH, ...

1. A color measuring apparatus with illumination angle error compensation comprising:a measurement assembly, which includes at least one illumination assembly, the illumination assembly including at least two illumination subassemblies each including a light source generating substantially parallel illumination light, the illumination assembly being oriented to illuminate a measurement spot of a measurement object from a first preset nominal illumination direction, each illumination subassembly illuminating the measurement spot from illumination sub-directions that differ from the nominal illumination direction by angles of no more than 4°,
a pick-up assembly for capturing the measurement light radiated back from the measurement spot and for converting the same into corresponding electrical signals; and
a computer-based control with commands to:
individually control the activation durations of the illumination subassemblies within each one illumination assembly; and
form a sum of weighted illumination measurements from at least one pick-up assembly measurement from two or more illumination subdirections of an illumination assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,215,640

METHOD FOR PERFORMING COLOR MEASUREMENT USING STANDARD LIGHT SOURCE COLOR MATCHING OBSERVATION BOX

WENZHOUJIAYI INSTRUMENTS ...

1. A method for performing color measurement using a standard light source color matching observation box, wherein a halogen tungsten lamp and a light filter are arranged in the color matching observation box for cooperation, the light ray of the halogen tungsten lamp emits a main body radiation light ray through the light filter; a plurality of narrow-wave LED light sources of different light-emitting wavelengths are arranged to emit a compensation light ray; the main body radiation light ray and the compensation light ray are mixed in the color matching observation box into a mixed light ray that uniformly simulates a standard D illuminant; and the mixed light ray is used to perform a color measurement on a object to be measured in the color matching observation box;wherein the color matching observation box adjusts the brightness of the narrow-wave LED light sources of different light-emitting wavelengths by measuring a change in color temperature data during the color measurement, so that the color temperature data of the mixed light ray meets a requirement according to the quality of the measured object; and
wherein the color matching observation box is calibrated before leaving a factory by the following steps:
[1] measuring a spectral power distribution curve of the main body radiation light ray by an externally connected spectrum analyzer;
[2] comparing the spectral power distribution curve measured in [1] with the relative spectral power distribution curve of a CIE standard D illuminant, and initially adjusting the brightness of each narrow-wave LED light source;
[3] measuring the color temperature data and the metamerism index data of the mixed light ray by an externally connected spectrum analyzer;
[4] determining whether the color temperature data and the metamerism index data measured in [3] meet the requirement;
[5] finely adjusting the brightness of each narrow-wave LED light source and repeating steps [3], [4], and [5] when the color temperature data or the metamerism index data does not meet the requirement; and completing the calibration and saving the calibration data when the color temperature data and the metamerism index data meet the requirement at the same time.

US Pat. No. 10,215,637

DEFINING SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION FOR HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGING APPARATUS

SPECIM, SPECTRAL IMAGING ...

1. A computer-implemented method for defining a software configuration for a hyperspectral imaging apparatus, the method comprising:creating a plurality of different functionalities, each based on at least one wavelength range;
storing one or more of the created functionalities into a hyperspectral image processing model;
generating a hyperspectral application for a specific hardware implementation of the hyperspectral imaging apparatus by configuring the hyperspectral application to utilize one or more of the created functionalities of the hyperspectral image processing model; and
setting a selection of wavelengths as a control parameter in the hyperspectral application for controlling the specific hardware implementation of the hyperspectral imaging apparatus during an image capture, wherein the selection of the wavelengths is based the wavelength ranges of the utilized one or more of the created functionalities.

US Pat. No. 10,215,636

IMAGING DEVICE PROVIDED WITH LIGHT SOURCE THAT EMITS PULSED LIGHT AND IMAGE SENSOR

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. An imaging device, comprising:a light source that, in operation, emits pulsed light including components of different wavelengths;
an encoding element that has regions each having different light transmittance, through which incident light from a target onto which the pulsed light has been irradiated is transmitted;
a spectroscopic element that, in operation, causes the incident light transmitted through the regions to be dispersed into light rays in accordance with the wavelengths; and
an image sensor that, in operation, receives the light rays dispersed by the spectroscopic element.

US Pat. No. 10,215,635

DATA BLENDING MULTIPLE DISPERSIVE RANGE MONOCHROMATOR

WESTCO SCIENTIFIC INSTRUM...

1. A monochromator, comprising:a diffraction grating;
a grating drive motor to rotate the diffraction grating to provide, by diffraction of light, dispersed wavelengths of light;
a detector configured to detect a range of first data values from a first reflection of the dispersed wavelengths of light and a range of second data values from a second reflection of the dispersed wavelengths of light, wherein at least a portion of the range of first data values overlaps in an overlapping range of wavelength with at least a portion of the range of second data values; and
processing circuitry configured to:
control the grating drive motor to regulate an angular velocity of the diffraction grating over a first range of motion for the first reflection of the dispersed wavelengths of light and over a second range of motion for the second reflection of the dispersed wavelengths of light;
define a blending range in the overlapping range of wavelength;
subtract at least one data value among the range of first data values in the blending range from at least one data value among the range of second data values in the blending range to determine at least one difference value;
add the difference value to individual data values in the range of first data values; and
weight and sum individual data values among the range of first data values with corresponding data values among the range of second data values based on respective positions in wavelength of the individual data values among the range of first data values over the blending range.

US Pat. No. 10,215,634

SPECTROSCOPE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SPECTROSCOPE

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. A spectrometer comprising:a light detection element having a substrate made of a semiconductor material, a light passing part provided in the substrate, and a light detection part put in the substrate;
a support having a base wall part opposing the light detection element through a space, and side wall parts integrally formed with the base wall part, the light detection element being fixed to the side wall parts, the support being provided with a wiring electrically connected to the light detection part; and
a dispersive part provided on a first surface of the base wall part on a side of the space and configured to disperse and reflect light passing through the light passing part to the light detection part in the space,
wherein the wiring has a first end part on a side of the light detection part, a second end part on an opposite side from the side of the light detection part, and a connection part extending from the first end part to the second end part,
the first end part is electrically connected to a terminal provided on a surface of the light detection element on a side of the space, and
the second end part and the connection part are formed on an outer surface of the support on the opposite side from the space side.

US Pat. No. 10,215,633

MINIATURE SPECTROMETER AND METHOD OF ASSEMBLING THE SAMENS

1. A miniature spectrometer comprising:an input port configured to receive an optical signal;
a light sensor;
a waveguide device configured to transmit the optical signal and comprising a first waveguide plate and a second waveguide plate, wherein the second waveguide plate has an opening, and a grating accommodation slot is defined by the opening and a surface of the first waveguide plate, the surface of the first waveguide plate is a waveguide surface configured for reflecting the optical signal;
a miniature diffraction grating disposed in the grating accommodation slot and configured to separate the optical signal via a side of the miniature diffraction grating into a plurality of spectral components that are projected onto the light sensor, wherein the miniature diffraction grating abuts and touches two sidewalls of the opening and the surface of the first waveguide plate, and the two sidewalls are not coplanar, one of the two sidewalls of the opening abuts and touches the side of the miniature diffraction grating.

US Pat. No. 10,215,632

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SPECTRAL REFLECTANCE IMAGING USING DIGITAL CAMERAS

Zycor Labs Inc., Richmon...

1. A spectral light apparatus that when integrated to a digital camera (such as smartphone camera) produces spectral reflectance and color value measurements of an object/scene recorded by the digital camera, the apparatus comprising a housing supporting:a. a spectral light source operable to selectively produce a spectral flash light sequence comprising a sequence of narrow-band light to illuminate a target;
b. an optical lens system comprising at least one lens arranged to align a field of view of the digital camera to an enclosure opening comprising a distal end which defines a spectral image field of view;
c. an electro-mechanical shutter or plate covering the spectral image field of view when closed, the shutter or plate having an inner surface having a known reflectance spectrum; and
d. a control module operable to synchronize electrical triggering of the spectral flash light sequence with a sequence of open and shut states of the shutter or plate with a sequence of image acquisitions by the camera.

US Pat. No. 10,215,631

CONFOCAL DISPLACEMENT SENSOR

Keyence Corporation, Osa...

1. A confocal displacement sensor that measures displacement of a measurement object using a confocal optical system, the confocal displacement sensor comprising:a light source for light projection configured to generate light having a plurality of wavelengths;
a pinhole configured to emit detection light by allowing the light emitted from the light source for light projection to pass;
an optical member configured to generate an axial chromatic aberration in the detection light emitted via the pinhole and converge the detection light toward the measurement object;
a measurement control section configured to calculate displacement of the measurement object on the basis of, in the detection light irradiated on the measurement object via the optical member, detection light passed through the pinhole by being reflected while focusing on the measurement object; and
a head housing configured to house the pinhole and the optical member, wherein
the optical member includes a first diffraction lens configured to diffract the detection light and a first refraction lens configured to refract the detection light, and
the first diffraction lens is disposed with a non-diffraction surface exposed from the head housing.

US Pat. No. 10,215,630

RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY SYSTEMS AND RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY METHODS

EINST TECHNOLOGY PTE LTD,...

1. A Raman spectroscopy system for measuring Raman signal of a sample exhibiting Raman and fluorescence, the system comprising:a laser light source configured to provide a laser light beam directed to a sample in order to obtain a signal light scattered from the sample comprising a Raman component and a fluorescence component;
an optical chopper configured to periodically interrupt the laser light beam between the laser light source and the sample, and
wherein the optical chopper is further configured to periodically interrupt the signal light from the sample between the sample; and
a sensor configured to receive a non-interrupted portion of the signal light, wherein the non-interrupted portion of the signal light comprises a main portion of the Raman signal component and the interrupted portion of the signal light immediately following the non-interrupted portion comprises at least a portion of the fluorescence component;
wherein the optical chopper comprises a disk, and wherein the optical chopper provides modulation at least at 1 megahertz.

US Pat. No. 10,215,629

HANDHELD OPTICAL RADIATION METER AND CORRECTION METHOD THEREOF

EVERFINE PHOTO-E-INFO CO....

1. A correction method for a handheld optical radiation meter, the handheld optical radiation meter including a handheld host (1) and a sampling device (2), said handheld host (1) being a mobile intelligent terminal provided with a screen display (3), said sampling device (2) comprising a photometric measurement module (21) and a spectral measurement module (22) of which photo surfaces are in parallel, wherein both the photometric measurement module and the spectral measurement module are integrated within a single sampling device: said photometric measurement module (21) including a cosine corrector, a spectral response correction unit and a photoelectric sensor, said spectral measurement module (22) including a dispersion unit and an array detector: and said photometric measurement module (21) and said spectral measurement module (22) receiving measured light, wherein both the photometric measurement module and the spectral measurement module are electrically connected with the handheld host,the correction method, comprising the following steps of:
respectively measuring luminance and spectra information of the tested light by the photometric measurement module (21) and spectral measurement module (22) on the sampling device (2);
and correcting a measurement value of a photometric measurement module (21) using the measurement value of the spectral measurement module (22) to correct a spectral mismatch error of the photometric measurement module (21).

US Pat. No. 10,215,628

IMAGE CALIBRATING METHOD AND DEVICE OF TESTING APPARATUS FOR THIN FILM TRANSISTOR SUBSTRATE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An image calibrating method of a testing apparatus for a thin film transistor substrate, comprising:obtaining from the testing apparatus coordinate information of pixels in an image of a prescribed target including a plurality of pixels and sending the coordinate information to a data processor by an image processor;
calculating an offset value, and sending the offset value to a controller by the data processor, wherein the offset value is calculated by comparing the coordinate information and preset coordinate information of the pixels;
determining whether the offset value is smaller than a prescribed threshold value by the controller,
in a case where the offset value is not smaller than the prescribed threshold value, setting the offset value as a historical offset value and adjusting the image by using the offset value by the controller, and recalculating the offset value by using the coordinate information of the pixels in the adjusted image by the data processor;
in a case where the offset value is smaller than the prescribed threshold value, checking whether there is the historical offset value by the data processor, in a case where there is the historical offset value, retrieving the historical offset value and summing the historical value to obtain an overall offset value.

US Pat. No. 10,215,626

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MEASURING RADIATION AND TEMPERATURE EXPOSURE OF WAFERS ALONG A FABRICATION PROCESS LINE

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A measurement wafer apparatus comprising:a wafer assembly; and
a detector assembly, the detector assembly including one or more light sensors, the one or more light sensors configured to perform at least one of a direct measurement of the intensity of ultraviolet light from a semiconductor process environment incident on at least one surface of the wafer assembly or an indirect measurement of the intensity of ultraviolet light from the semiconductor process environment incident on the at least one surface of the wafer assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,215,625

LASER VEHICLE HEADLIGHT SYSTEM AND DETECTING METHOD THEREOF

1. A laser vehicle headlight system for detecting an incident laser light and outputting a headlight, the laser vehicle headlight system comprising:a headlight body;
an optical unit disposed on the headlight body and receiving the incident laser light, and the optical unit comprising:
a fluorescent member disposed on an initial light path of the incident laser light and illuminated by the incident laser light to induce a stable light traveling along a stable light path; and
a light leakage detecting unit disposed on the headlight body, and the light leakage detecting unit comprising:
a first elliptical reflecting surface having a first elliptical reflecting focal point and adjacent to the fluorescent member,
wherein there is a first distance between the first elliptical reflecting surface and the initial light path of the incident laser light; and
a light detector disposed at the first elliptical reflecting focal point of the first elliptical reflecting surface.

US Pat. No. 10,215,624

INTEGRATED OPTICAL TAP MONITOR

II-VI Incorporated, Saxo...

1. An optical tap monitor comprising:a photodetector including an active region for converting a received optical signal into an electrical equivalent thereof; and
a high reflectivity coating disposed on an outer surface of the photodetector to create an HR-coated photodetector, the high reflectivity coating configured to reflect a majority of a propagating optical signal impinging the surface thereof, and pass a remaining portion of the propagating optical signal into the active region of the photodetector for conversion into an electrical monitoring signal, the reflected majority of the propagating optical signal forms an optical output signal of the optical tap monitor.

US Pat. No. 10,215,622

METHOD AND GONIORADIOMETER FOR THE DIRECTION-DEPENDENT MEASUREMENT OF AT LEAST ONE LIGHTING OR RADIOMETRIC CHARACTERISTIC VARIABLE OF AN OPTICAL RADIATION SOURCE

LMT Lichtmesstechnik GmbH...

1. A gonioradiometer for the direction-dependent measurement of at least one lighting or radiometric characteristic variable of an optical radiation source, having:a radiation source movable during a measurement operation about a first axis and about a second axis that is perpendicular to the first axis,
a measuring wall exhibiting homogeneous reflection, on which the light from the radiation source is reflected, and
a locationally fixed and immovably arranged camera having an optical unit and a two-dimensional sensor chip,
wherein the camera is arranged such that it captures light reflected on the measuring wall, wherein the reflected light is imaged by the optical unit of the camera onto the sensor chip of the camera,
and wherein the sensor chip records measurement values as the radiation source is rotated during a measurement operation, which measurement values indicate the lighting or radiometric characteristic variable on a spherical surface about the radiation centroid of the radiation source.

US Pat. No. 10,215,621

ENHANCED OPTICAL CONDITION MONITORING SYSTEM FOR POWER TRANSFORMER AND METHOD FOR OPERATING POWER TRANSFORMER

Micatu Inc., Horseheads,...

1. A transformer condition monitoring system comprising:a light source configured to produce an emitted light beam;
a plurality of optical sensors configured to be positioned at a plurality of separate locations on a transformer and to receive the emitted light beam from the light source, wherein each of the plurality of optical sensors is configured to generate one or more product light beams from the emitted light beam, the plurality of optical sensors comprising at least one vibration sensor, at least one voltage sensor, and at least one current sensor;
a detector positioned to receive the one or more product light beams generated from each of the plurality of optical sensors, the detector configured to measure intensity values of the one or more product light beams for each of the plurality of optical sensors; and
a computing device coupled to the detector, the computing device comprising a processor and a memory coupled to the processor, wherein the processor executes programmed instructions stored in the memory to determine, based on the measured intensity values for the one or more product light beams for each of the plurality of optical sensors, at least a displacement value, a current value, and a voltage value for the transformer.

US Pat. No. 10,215,620

Z-CASTER AND Z-CHIP DEVICES

BTPATENT LLC, Potomac, M...

1. A system for tracking of people in a room, said system comprising:a floor mat on a floor of said room;
multiple pressure sensor housings, arranged in two-dimensional arrays in X and Y axes, parallel to plane of said floor, distributed over and covering said floor;
wherein said multiple pressure sensor housings are embedded in said floor mat;
wherein a first of said multiple weight sensor housings comprises two pressure sensors of two types, named first-type pressure sensor and second-type pressure sensor;
wherein said second-type pressure sensor's measurement accuracy is more than that of said first-type pressure sensor;
wherein said first-type pressure sensor is a switch and indicates existence of a person, based on a threshold on a weight value detected by said first-type pressure sensor;
wherein when said first-type pressure sensor indicates existence of a person, then said second-type pressure sensor gets activated to take weight measurement of said person;
a central computer or processor,
wherein said central computer or processor receives said indication of existence of said person from said first-type pressure sensor;
wherein said central computer or processor receives said weight of said person from said second-type pressure sensor,
wherein said first-type pressure sensor comprises a first container;
wherein said second-type pressure sensor comprises a second container;
wherein said first container comprises first material;
wherein said second container comprises second material;
wherein said first material has a specific electrical resistivity value which is a function of pressure or weight exerted on said first material, expressed as a Z-number;
wherein Z-number is a pair of (A,B), where A is Fuzzy value for said pressure or weight exerted, and B is the reliability for A;
wherein said second material has a specific electrical resistivity value which is a function of pressure or weight exerted on said second material, expressed as a Z-number;
wherein said second-type pressure sensor is calibrated using a calibration object which is placed on said first of said multiple weight sensor housings and three of its immediate neighboring housings among said multiple weight sensor housings.

US Pat. No. 10,215,619

SCALE-BASED TIME SYNCHRONY

Physiowave, Inc., Menlo ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a weighing-scale platform and weighing-scale housing configured and arranged for a user to stand on the platform;
in the housing, a plurality of sensors and sensor-data processing circuitry configured and arranged to collect a first set of physiological data from the plurality of sensors and specific to the user while the user is standing on the platform, the first set of physiological data from the user having a time-based interval or time-based metric; and
data-assimilation circuitry being configured and arranged to provide synchronization by:
identifying and connecting to a peripheral device including physiological-measuring circuitry with a second set of physiological data, the second set of physiological data being from and specific to the user and being subject to time-based inaccuracies relative to the time-based interval or time-based metric, and
while accounting for the time-based inaccuracies, comparing aspects of the first and second sets of physiological data and therein correcting for the time-based inaccuracies between the first and second sets of physiological data using a time reference message shared between the platform and the peripheral device.

US Pat. No. 10,215,618

SEALABLE ROTATABLE PACKAGE WEIGHING AND LABELING SYSTEM AND APPARATUS

1. A weighing and labeling apparatus for packages, said apparatus comprising:a structural frame, said structural frame comprising a platform, mounted on vertical cylinders, said cylinders being infinitely adjustable;
a scale for weighing packages, said scale located on said platform;
a printer for printing labels, said printer located on said structural frame;
a housing for said printer, said housing located on said structural frame;
a computer for processing package information, said computer mounted in said housing;
a label feeder for supplying labels, said label feeder located on said structural frame;
a label applicator for affixing said labels to a package, said label applicator located on said structural frame; and
a controller mounted on said structural frame and controlling said scale, said printer, said label feeder, and said label applicator.

US Pat. No. 10,215,617

ANALOG SENSOR WITH DIGITAL COMPENSATION FUNCTION

METTER TOLEDO (CHANGZHOU)...

1. An analog sensor, comprising:a deformation part for generating a deformation relating to a force applied to the analog sensor;
at least one strain gauge connected to the deformation part for generating a change in electrical resistance relating to the deformation;
at least one strain gauge bridge in connection with the at least one strain gauge for transferring a change in the electrical resistance of the at least one strain gauge to output a first analog signal;
an analog-to-digital conversion module connected to an output of the at least one strain gauge bridge, receiving the first analog signal from the at least one strain gauge bridge and converting the first analog signal to a first digital signal, where the first analog signal is an analog signal representative of the force;
an analog output port for outputting a second analog signal;
a signal processing and output circuit, the signal processing and output circuit being connected between an output of the analog-to-digital conversion module and the analog output port, for compensating the first digital signal and converting the first digital signal into the second analog signal; and
a diagnosis module, the diagnosis module being connected between an output of the analog-to-digital conversion module and an input of the signal processing and output circuit, for analysing the first analog signal to generate diagnosis status data representative of an operational status of the analog sensor, and for transferring the diagnosis status data to the signal processing and output circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,215,616

COAXIAL LINEAR DRIVE-END FOR SMALL VOLUME PROVER

Honeywell International I...

1. A small volume prover apparatus, comprising:a bore cylinder having a flow inlet and a flow outlet;
a piston maintained by and housed within said bore cylinder;
a magnetized forcer connected to said piston;
a magnetic drive chamber configured to produce linear motion of said magnetized forcer; and
a spring formed around said forcer configured to synchronize said piston velocity to the test fluid flowing through said prover apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,215,615

STANDARD SIGNAL GENERATOR

Azbil Corporation, Tokyo...

1. A standard signal generator that generates a reference flow-rate signal for calibrating an electromagnetic flowmeter, the standard signal generator comprising:an input circuit that receives an excitation current from a converter of the electromagnetic flowmeter;
a control unit configured to generate the reference flow-rate signal synchronized with the excitation current; and
a power source voltage switch,
wherein the input circuit comprises:
a first rectification circuit configured to rectify the excitation current;
a first resistor that is provided between a power source voltage output terminal and configured to supply a power source voltage used by the standard signal generator and an output terminal of the first rectification circuit;
an amplification circuit configured to output a first output voltage obtained by amplifying a voltage across both ends of the first resistor thereof; and
a constant voltage circuit configured to perform control such that the power source voltage that is output from the power source voltage output terminal is constant,
wherein the power source voltage switch is configured to switch the power source voltage with the constant voltage circuit being controlled in accordance with a result of a comparison between the first output voltage and a prescribed first threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,215,614

FUEL SENDER ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A fuel sender assembly, comprising:a housing having an outer surface;
a first positioning mechanism having a housing engaging part and a retaining mechanism, the housing engaging part engaging the outer surface of the housing and being movable in a first direction relative to the housing, the retaining mechanism being configured to retain the first positioning mechanism in any one of a plurality of positions relative to the outer surface of the housing;
a second positioning mechanism including a first part attached to the first positioning mechanism for movement therewith, a second part coupled to the first part and a locking mechanism operable between an unlocked state and a locked state such that in the unlocked state the second part is movable relative to the first part in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction and in the locked state the second part is non-movably fixed to the first part; and
a sender unit connected to the second part of the second positioning mechanism, the sender unit including a float configured to move in an upward direction relative to the second part of the second positioning mechanism in response to changes in level of fuel.

US Pat. No. 10,215,613

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR NON-INTRUSIVE AND CONTINUOUS LEVEL MEASUREMENT OF A LIQUID

ABB Schweiz AG, Baden (C...

1. A system for non-intrusive and continuous level measurement of a liquid, where the liquid is enclosed by a solid wall of a vessel, the system comprisingan ultrasonic transmitter for generating an ultrasound wave and for emitting it into the vessel wall,
an ultrasonic receiver for receiving the ultrasound wave through the vessel wall,
at least one electronic control and data processing unit for controlling operation of the transmitter and of the receiver and for determining the liquid level from a time of flight of the ultrasound wave,
wherein
the transmitter is a frequency-tunable transmitter which is placed at a first position at the outside of the vessel wall and below the level of the liquid surface in such a way that the transmitter is able to emit the ultrasound wave as a primary Lamb wave into the vessel wall so that a part of the primary Lamb wave leaks from the vessel wall into the liquid in form of a pressure wave in an inclined and upward direction towards the liquid surface,
the receiver is placed at a second position at the outside of the vessel wall and below the level of the liquid surface in such a way that the receiver is able to receive a secondary Lamb wave which is generated by the pressure wave hitting the vessel wall after having been reflected by the liquid surface ,
the at least one electronic control and data processing unit is adapted
to control the transmitter to emit the primary Lamb wave at different frequencies,
for each of the different frequencies, to determine the time of flight of the pressure wave and/or the amplitude of the received secondary Lamb wave,
to change the frequency of the transmitter until the determined time of flight reaches a minimum or until the determined amplitude reaches a maximum, and
to determine the liquid level based on the relationship that the minimum time of flight or the time of flight corresponding to the maximum amplitude of the secondary Lamb wave, respectively, equals the length of the travel path of the pressure wave divided by the speed of the pressure wave in the liquid.

US Pat. No. 10,215,612

FLUID LEVEL DETECTOR

GEMS SENSORS, INC., Plai...

1. A fluid detector for determining a presence of a fluid, the fluid detector comprising:a container with a wall with an outer surface and an inner surface, a portion of the wall defining a housing with a central bore with a base surface disposed proximal to the wall of the container; and
a sensor assembly that outputs a first ultrasonic signal in response to an input electrical signal, the sensor assembly including a sensor element and a lens;
wherein the sensor element is coupled to the lens so that, when the lens is disposed within the central bore of the housing such that the lens is intermediate the sensor element and the wall, the lens focuses the first ultrasonic signal toward the wall so that the first ultrasonic signal enters the wall.

US Pat. No. 10,215,611

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING A LEVEL OF A FLUID WITHIN A VESSEL

Johnson Matthey Public Li...

1. An apparatus for determining a level of a fluid within a vessel, the apparatus comprising:a source unit for emitting a beam of radiation into the interior of the vessel, the source unit comprising a source of radiation and a collimator for collimating radiation emitted by the source to provide said beam, wherein said source unit is adjustable to vary an angle of the beam with respect to horizontal;
at least one detector for detecting radiation emitted by the source and having passed through at least a portion of the interior of the vessel; and
processing means for:
recording data corresponding to an amount of radiation detected at said at least one detector as a function of angle of the beam; and
determining the level of the fluid, based on a variation of said data with the angle of the beam.

US Pat. No. 10,215,610

APPARATUS FOR ASCERTAINING AND MONITORING A FILL LEVEL

1. An apparatus for transmitting and receiving electromagnetic waves (EM waves), comprising:a first hollow conductor including a first coupling element embodied to out-couple and to in-couple EM waves, the first hollow conductor having a first end face that is closed and a second end face that is open, so that EM waves that out-couple via the first coupling element are transmitted via the second end face, and so that EM waves that are received via the second end face in-couple to the first coupling element;
a second hollow conductor including a second coupling element embodied to out-couple and to in-couple EM waves, the second hollow conductor having a first end face that is open and a second end face that is open, wherein the first end face of the second hollow conductor borders on the second end face of the first hollow conductor, so that EM waves transmitted from the first hollow conductor are transferred by the second hollow conductor, and so that EM waves transferred by the second hollow conductor are received by the first hollow conductor; and
a horn radiator embodied to radiate and to focus EM waves, wherein an intake opening of the horn radiator communicates with the second end face of the second hollow conductor, so that EM waves transmitted from the second hollow conductor are radiated from the horn radiator, and so that EM waves received from the horn radiator are focused into the second hollow conductor,
wherein the first hollow conductor is embodied such that first electromagnetic wave modes are producible in the first hollow conductor, wherein the second hollow conductor is embodied in such a way that second electromagnetic wave modes are producible in the second hollow conductor,
wherein the first hollow conductor and the second hollow conductor are dimensioned such that: EM waves out-coupled from the first coupling element and the second coupling element radiate from the horn radiator scattered and having a weak intensity; scattered and weak intensity EM waves that are received from the horn radiator couple to the first and second coupling elements; EM waves out-coupled only from the first coupling element radiate from the horn radiator focused and having a strong intensity; and focused and strong intensity EM waves that are received from the horn radiator couple only to the first coupling element.

US Pat. No. 10,215,609

METHOD FOR FILL LEVEL MEASUREMENT USING THE TRAVEL TIME PRINCIPLE

1. A method for measuring fill level of a fill substance located in a container with a fill-level measuring device working according to the travel time principle, wherein the fill-level measuring device is mounted on the container, comprising the steps of:sending transmission signals by means of a transmitting and receiving unit into the container and their fractions reflected on reflectors in the container back to the transmitting and receiving unit according to a travel time dependent on the path length traveled in this way are received as received signals;
deriving echo functions based on the received signals, which give amplitudes of the received signals as a function of position corresponding to associated travel time;
ascertaining wanted echos of predetermined wanted echo types respectively contained in the echo functions and identifiable based on predetermined echo recognition methods, wherein each wanted echo is a local maximum of the echo function and is attributable to a reflection on a reflector associated with its wanted echo type, especially a surface on the fill substance, a container floor or a disturbance located in the container;
a time development of the echo position of wanted echos of at least one wanted echo type is recorded, in that in sequentially recorded echo functions the echo positions of those wanted echos of such wanted echo type are determined, which meet a minimum measure of echo quality, and the echo positions of these wanted echos are recorded together with the point in time of the recording of the associated echo function;
an echo position of the wanted echo of this wanted echo type expected in the current echo function is extrapolated based on the time development of the echo position of the wanted echos of this wanted echo type;
this extrapolated echo position is provided, as a replacement for the echo position of the respective wanted echo in the current echo function, for identification of the wanted echo of the respective wanted echo type in the current echo function and/or for fill level determination;
determining echo quality of each wanted echo, wherein the echo quality is higher, the more peak shaped the echo function is in the region of the respective wanted echo and the more isolated from other local maxima the respective wanted echo is in the echo function; and
determining the fill level taking into consideration echo qualities of the wanted echos, wherein:
the echo qualities of the wanted echos are determined based on:
an area enclosed under the echo function in a window of predetermined position breadth and amplitude height surrounding the maximum of the respective wanted echo;
a breadth of the wanted echo, which equals a difference between two positions, in the case of which the amplitude of the echo function, based on the echo position of the maximum of the wanted echo, has fallen on both sides to a predetermined value, predetermined as a function of the maximum amplitude of the wanted echo;
distances of the echo position of the respective wanted echo to positions of directly neighboring local maxima of the echo function;
ratios of the amplitude of the maximum of the respective wanted echo to the amplitudes of directly neighboring local maxima of the echo function; and/or
ratios of the amplitude of the maximum of the respective wanted echo to the amplitude of directly neighboring local minima of the echo function.

US Pat. No. 10,215,608

SYSTEM FOR AND A METHOD OF MONITORING WATER DRAINAGE

PHILIPS LIGHTING HOLDING ...

1. A system for monitoring water drainage, the system comprising:a sensor interface for obtaining a sensor signal from a sensor, the sensor being configured to detect water presence at an associated surface and configured to generate the sensor signal indicative of water presence at the associated surface,
a storage for storing water drainage information relating to the associated surface, the water drainage information comprising characteristics of water presence on the associated surface due to atmospheric precipitation at the associated surface,
an atmospheric precipitation unit for obtaining atmospheric precipitation information comprising information about recent atmospheric precipitation in the vicinity of the associated surface,
a signal generator coupled to the sensor interface, the storage and the atmospheric precipitation unit, the signal generator being configured to:i) obtain predicted water presence data by applying the water drainage information retrieved from the storage to the atmospheric precipitation information received from the atmospheric precipitation unit,ii) compare the sensor signal received from the sensor interface with the predicted water presence data,iii) generate a warning signal indicating a problem with the water drainage in relation to the associated surface if in the comparison a deviation is detected between the sensor signal and the predicted water presence.

US Pat. No. 10,215,607

METHOD FOR OPERATING A FLOWMETER AND RESPECTIVE FLOWMETER

KROHNE Messtechnik GmbH, ...

1. A method for operating a flowmeter having a measuring tube,wherein the flow (d) of a medium through the measuring tube is measured,whereinin a first flow interval (?tD,1), a first continuous dwell time of the measured flow (d) greater than or equal to a flow threshold (ds) is assigned to the first flow interval (?tD,1) and a first flow volume (V1) is determined from the measured flow (d) in the first flow interval (?tD,1),
in a zero flow interval (?tN,1), a continuous dwell time of the measured flow (d) less than the flow threshold (ds) is assigned to the zero flow interval (?tN,1),
in a second flow interval (?tD,2), a second continuous dwell time of the measured flow (d) greater than or equal to a flow threshold (ds) is assigned to the second flow interval (?tD,2) and a second flow volume (V2) is determined from the measured flow (d) in the second flow interval (?tD,2),
a first deviation volume of the first flow volume (V1) in the first flow interval (?tD,1) and a second deviation volume of the second flow volume (V2) in the second flow interval (?tD,2), from a reference flow volume are determined and the first deviation volume and the second deviation volume are compared to a threshold deviation volume,
when the first deviation volume is less than the threshold deviation volume, a zero flow through the measuring tube is determined and compensated using the measured flow (d) in the zero flow interval (?tN,1) directly preceding the first flow interval (?tD,1), and
when the second deviation volume is less than the threshold deviation volume, a zero flow through the measuring tube is determined and compensated using the measured flow (d) in the zero flow interval (?tN,1) directly preceding the second flow interval (?tD,2).

US Pat. No. 10,215,606

DEVICE FOR DISPENSING A LIQUID MEDIUM

1. A device for dispensing a liquid medium (26) from a container (1), comprising a housing (13), a metering drum (2) accommodated therein, and a sealing disk (14), whereinthe housing (13) has a drum outlet (3) and a system aeration facility (22), and
the sealing disk (14) has an aeration opening (12) and a drum inlet (4),
wherein the metering drum (2) has a metering chamber (5), a chamber outlet (6) and a chamber inlet (7), wherein
the metering drum (2) comprises a rotary valve (8),
wherein the rotary valve (8), in a first working position, connects the drum inlet (4) to the chamber inlet (7) and closes the chamber outlet (6), and an aeration of the container (1) and a deaeration of the metering chamber (5) is realized;
and, in a second working position, the metering drum (2) closes the chamber inlet (7) and connects the drum outlet (3) to the chamber outlet (6) and a further aeration of the metering chamber (5) is realized, and the aeration duct (11) is connected to the system aeration facility (22), wherein in the second working position, a further bypass (10) between the metering chamber (5) and the aeration duct (11) can be arranged, wherein the aeration duct (11) can be brought, in the first working position, into operative connection with the aeration opening (12) of the sealing disk (14), wherein the metering chamber (5), the chamber inlet (7) and the aeration duct (11) are arranged eccentrically in the metering drum (2), wherein the aeration opening (12) and the drum inlet (4) are arranged eccentrically in the sealing disk (14), and wherein the metering chamber (5) is tapered from the chamber inlet (7) to the chamber outlet (6).

US Pat. No. 10,215,605

CORIOLIS MASS FLOWMETER AND SENSOR ASSEMBLY THEREOF

Chengdu Excenith Technolo...

1. A sensor assembly for a Coriolis mass flowmeter, characterized in that the flowmeter comprises an upstream pipe connection connected to an upstream fluid pipe and a downstream pipe connection connected to a downstream fluid pipe, and the sensor assembly, installed in a shell of the flowmeter, comprises:a fluid flow pipe, having a fluid input pipe, a fluid output pipe and a double-loop pipe connected in series therebetween;
a vibration isolated structure, at least comprising first vibration isolators fixedly arranged on the fluid flow pipe to separate the fluid flow pipe into vibrating pipes and non-vibrating pipes;
a weight-increasing structure, arranged on the non-vibrating pipes, and the weight-increasing structure and the non-vibrating pipes are not in contact with the shell; and
a connecting structure, with one end fixedly connected to the non-vibrating pipes and the other end to the upstream pipe connection and/or downstream pipe connection to form a flexible connection therebetween.

US Pat. No. 10,215,604

FLUID ANALYSIS SYSTEM WITH DENSITOMETER HAVING ELECTRICALLY ISOLATED VIBRATING TUBE

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A device for measuring a property of a fluid sample, the device comprising:a tube configured to receive the fluid sample;
a base block supporting the tube;
a magnet configured to apply a magnetic field to the tube; an excitation source configured to generate vibration of the tube when the fluid sample is received in the tube by circulation of an electrical current along a portion of the tube and interaction of the electrical current to at least one magnetic field produced by the magnet;
a vibration sensor configured to measure a signal corresponding to a vibration frequency of the tube;
an electrical isolator comprised of glass and separate and distinct from the base block, wherein the tube is hermetically sealed to the base block via the electrical isolator and electrically isolated from the base block via the electrical isolator, and wherein the base block has an internal channel and the electrical isolator is disposed in the internal channel of the base block; and
a mass block that is electrically coupled to the tube to provide an electrical connection between the excitation source and the tube, wherein the mass block is rigidly coupled to the tube such that the mass block provides a standing wave vibrational node of the tube when the excitation source generates the vibration of the tube, and wherein the mass block is electrically isolated from the base block by the electrical isolator.

US Pat. No. 10,215,603

ULTRASONIC CONSUMPTION METER WITH LOCKING MECHANISM

Apator Miitors ApS, Aarh...

1. An ultrasonic consumption meter comprising:a flow channel through which flows a media to be measured;
two ultrasonic transducers that emit and receive ultrasound signals;
an electronic circuit that operates the meter;
a single sealed housing enclosing the transducers and the electronic circuit;
the housing comprising a cup, a lid and a seal;
a locking mechanism that locks the housing in position relative to the flow channel said locking mechanism is positioned below said lid; and
wherein the flow channel has at least one hole for the housing to contact with the media.

US Pat. No. 10,215,602

APPARATUS FOR MEASURING THE VOLUME FLOW OF A FLUID

1. An apparatus for measuring volume flow of a fluid flowing through a measuring tube in the direction of a longitudinal axis of the measuring tube, comprising:a coil arrangement;
at least two measuring electrodes coupling with the fluid; and
a control unit, which in connection with said coil arrangement produces a magnetic field periodically changing its polarity and extending essentially transversely to said longitudinal axis of the measuring tube, wherein:
said control unit during a measuring phase at an essentially constant magnetic field determines the volume flow of the fluid in the measuring tube based on a voltage induced in said measuring electrodes;
said control unit supplies said coil arrangement with an overvoltage during a delay phase, wherein the delay phase begins at a point in time of a reversal of the polarity of the magnetic field and ends at the point in time of a beginning of the measuring phase; and
said control unit supplies said coil arrangement with an essentially constant holding voltage over a duration of the measuring phase, said control unit controls a ratio of overvoltage to holding voltage to an essentially constant value.

US Pat. No. 10,215,601

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MEASURING THE PARAMETERS OF FLUID FLOW

Tallinn University of Tec...

1. A sensor device for determining fluid flow parameters, the sensor comprising:a base unit;
an oblong element, having a flexible link in one end, said oblong element fixed mechanically to said base unit with said flexible link and extending into fluid, said oblong element mechanically connected to a vibration sensor; and
a data acquisition module inside said base unit, said data acquisition module electrically connected to said vibration sensor, wherein said data acquisition module is adapted to determine a frequency response curve of oscillation in said oblong element due to liquid flow, and to determine flow parameters from the measured frequency response curve, wherein such flow parameters include flow speed, direction of flow, type of flow, and Reynolds number.

US Pat. No. 10,215,600

SENSOR FOR MONITORING RHEOLOGICALLY COMPLEX FLOWS

Lenterra, Inc., Newark, ...

1. A system for continuous in situ monitoring of a rheologically complex fluid flow within a vessel, the system comprising a sensor package comprising a sensor, the sensor comprising:a) an elastically deformable, curved external shell configured as a body member, the shell defining an internal cavity and a curved external surface, the shell comprising at least two external surface segments and at least two internal surface segments, each of the at least two internal surface segments configured to translate a deformation of a respective one of the at least two external surface segments, the body member configured to extend into a rheologically complex fluid flow such that:
i) the internal cavity is isolated from the fluid flow;
ii) the curved external surface is in contact with the fluid flow; and
iii) the shell is deformed from an undeformed morphology to a deformed morphology based, at least in part, on the fluid flow dragging on or impacting the curved external surface;
b) at least two strain gauges positioned in the internal cavity of the body member, each of the at least two strain gauges configured to measure the deformation of a respective one of the at least two internal surface segments and to communicate the deformation measurements of the at least two internal surface segments; and
c) a controller configured to
i) compute differential signal, from the at least two strain gauges, based, at least in part, on the difference between the deformation measurements of the at least two internal surface segments; and
ii) compute the deformation of a first of the at least two external surface segments that is due to the drag of the fluid flow relative to thermal expansion of a first of the at least two internal surface segments.

US Pat. No. 10,215,599

FLUID SAMPLING SYSTEM AND FLUID SENSING DEVICE THEREOF

ACER INCORPORATED, New T...

1. A fluid sensing device, comprising:a main body, comprising:
a casing, wherein a containing chamber is formed in the casing; and
a rotary member, rotatably disposed in the containing chamber, wherein the rotary member has at least one transparent portion;
a first tube; and
a second tube, wherein the first tube and the second tube are communicated with the containing chamber, wherein a fluid flows into the containing chamber through the first tube to drive the rotary member to rotate around a central axis, and then flows out of the containing chamber through the second tube; and
a light sensing unit, comprising a first transceiver module and a second light transceiver module, disposed near the main body in an asymmetrical manner with respect to the central axis, wherein the first light transceiver module comprises a first light emitter and a first light receiver, the second light transceiver module comprises a second light emitter and a second light receiver, and the first and second light receivers are configured to respectively receive a first light and a second light emitted from the first and second light emitters and passing through the transparent portion.

US Pat. No. 10,215,598

UNIVERSAL SENSOR FITTING FOR PROCESS APPLICATIONS

PENDOTECH, Plainsboro, N...

8. A fluid process application bag assembly comprising:a bag body having an interior and an opening communicating with the interior;
a sensor fitting sealed around said opening of said bag body; and
a sensor contained within said sensor fitting, said sensor having at least one probe communicating with the interior of the bag body,
wherein the sensor fitting includes a fitting body comprising:
a first port;
a second port opposite the first port;
a fluid flow passage in open communication between the first and second ports;
at least one sensor housing extending outwardly away from a wall of the fluid passage and defining a housing interior;
a sensor seat formed in an outer surface of the fluid passage wall, the sensor seat being formed by a depression in the outer surface of the wall, whereby the wall has a thinner wall thickness at the bottom of the sensor seat;
at least one probe aperture formed through the wall and extending in a direction from the fluid passage to the interior of the housing; and
a port plate extending radially outwardly from the first port, the port plate being fluidly sealed to the opening of the bag body, and
wherein the sensor is at least partially inserted into the sensor seat and the probe of the sensor is inserted through the probe aperture to be exposed to the fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,215,597

FLUID MONITORING ASSEMBLY WITH SENSOR FUNCTIONALITY

ALPHINITY, LLC, Carson C...

1. A fluid monitoring assembly comprising:a segment of replaceable, flexible conduit comprising a wall defining a lumen through which the fluid passes;
a sensor mount integrally formed with the wall of the segment of replaceable, flexible conduit and extending generally transverse with respect to a longitudinal axis of the segment of replaceable, flexible conduit, the sensor mount including an aperture having a seat formed therein and defining a female shaped inner surface extending through the sensor mount to the lumen of the segment of replaceable, flexible conduit;
a sensor configured to be removably secured within the sensor mount, the sensor having an elongate body terminating at one end thereof in a sensing portion, the elongate body having a male projection on a portion thereof and configured to rest within the female shaped inner surface when secured within the sensor mount, the elongate body further comprising a flange that rests on the seat and wherein the sensing portion is exposed to the lumen of the segment of replaceable, flexible conduit; and
a housing having first and second portions connected to one another at a hinge, the housing defining an interior portion configured to encapsulate the segment of replaceable, flexible conduit, the elongate body of the sensor including the flange, and the sensor mount.

US Pat. No. 10,215,596

POSITION DETECTION APPARATUS, LENS APPARATUS, IMAGE PICKUP SYSTEM, MACHINE TOOL APPARATUS, EXPOSURE APPARATUS, POSITION DETECTION METHOD, AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER-READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM WHICH ARE CAPABLE OF DETECTING REFERENCE POSITION WITH HIGH ACCUR

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A position detection apparatus for detecting a position of an object, the position detection apparatus comprising:a scale having a periodic pattern and a reference position mark;
a detector configured to detect the periodic pattern and the reference position mark, the scale and the detector being movable relatively to each other; and
a signal processor configured to generate a reference signal indicating a reference position of the scale based on:
a detection signal of the detector detecting the reference position mark; and
a ratio of a first phase signal and a second phase signal generated by the detector upon detecting the reference position mark.

US Pat. No. 10,215,595

INDEXED OPTICAL ENCODER

FARO TECHNOLOGIES, INC., ...

1. An optical encoder comprising:an optical disk having a diffraction grating track and an index track, the index track being disposed radially inward from the diffraction grating track;
the diffraction grating track having a plurality of equally spaced lines that create an alternating light/dark pattern;
the index track having a pattern with at least two sequences of marks, the at least two sequences being equally spaced about a circumference of the index track, each of the at least two sequences having at least one mark and each of the at least two sequences having a different number of marks from each of the other sequences,
wherein the number of marks of a given sequence define the length of the sequence, the length of the sequence being measured in a number of fringes detected in the index track between the start and the end of the sequence as generated by the marks of the sequence,
wherein each sequence includes a sequence center at the midpoint between the start and end of the given sequence, wherein each sequence center is angularly spaced apart from each other sequence center about the optical disk and defines a specific angular position about the optical disk, and
wherein each sequence is separated from another sequence by a rotational distance.

US Pat. No. 10,215,594

DEVICE FOR DETERMINING THE MOVEMENT OF A ROTARY ELEMENT, PARTICULARLY FOR READINGS OF WATER AND/OR GAS METERS

STMicroelectronics (Rouss...

1. A device for determining the movement of a rotary element equipped with a pattern representing a reflected binary code on at least three bits, comprising:a detection circuit comprising at least three sensors interacting with the rotary element and configured to deliver an incident signal encoded in reflected binary code on at least three bits during the rotation of said pattern in front of said sensors, wherein said reflected binary code on at least three bits comprises one or more prohibited states,
a transcoding circuit configured to convert the incident signal into an intermediate signal encoded in reflected binary code on two bits,
a decoding circuit configured to receive the intermediate signal and to deliver at least one clock signal representing the amount of rotation of the rotary element and a direction signal representing a direction of rotation, and
a processing circuit configured to determine the movement of the rotary element and comprising at least one general purpose timer configured to receive said at least one clock signal and said direction signal.

US Pat. No. 10,215,593

MAGNETIC SENSOR

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A sensor system, comprising:a sensor configured to sense magnetic field components and to generate corresponding magnetic field component signals based on the sensed magnetic field components;
an angle detector configured to calculate a magnetic field angle based on a first subset of the magnetic field component signals from the sensor;
a first comparator configured to compare the magnetic field angle from the angle detector and a first threshold value to generate a first detection signal;
a second comparator configured to compare the second subset of the magnetic field components from the sensor and a second threshold value to generate a second detection signal; and
a selector configured to select between the first and the second detection signals based on a movement characteristic the target object to selectively output the first and second detection signals to detect one or more edges of the target object.

US Pat. No. 10,215,592

ELECTRONIC APPARATUS WITH MOVABLE UNIT SUCH AS DISPLAY UNIT MOVABLE IN OPENING AND CLOSING DIRECTION

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image pickup apparatus, comprising:an apparatus main body;
a display unit configured to be movable about a rotational axis of a hinge portion in an opening and closing direction with respect to said apparatus main body;
a magnetic field generating unit configured to be provided in said display unit and generate a magnetic field;
a magnetic sensor configured to be provided in said apparatus main body, and when said display panel is moved with respect to said apparatus main body, detect a moving state of said display unit with respect to said apparatus main body by detecting the magnetic field generated by said magnetic field generating unit;
a shield configured to be provided inside said apparatus air body and at such a location that said magnetic sensor is sandwiched between said shield and said display unit being in a closed state; and
a magnetic portion configured to be provided inside said apparatus main body and between said magnetic sensor said shield,
wherein an area of said magnetic portion is larger than an area of a surface on which said magnetic sensor is mounted,
wherein each of said shield and said magnetic portion is a magnetic body, said shield having magnetic holding power higher than said magnetic portion, and
wherein said magnetic portion is p between said magnetic sensor and said shield such that a distance between said magnetic portion and said magnetic sensor shorter than a distance between said magnetic portion and said shield.

US Pat. No. 10,215,591

METHOD FOR ADAPTING A DETECTION THRESHOLD OF A CRANKSHAFT SENSOR FOR MOTOR VEHICLE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. A method for adapting a detection threshold of a magnetic field sensor for a crankshaft of an engine of a motor vehicle, the engine including a processor, the crankshaft including at least one toothed target, the magnetic field sensor being configured to deliver a signal of variations of magnetic field to the processor, the processor being configured to process the signal delivered by the sensor, the signal of variations of magnetic field delivered by said sensor having two States that include:State 1: when the crankshaft is rotating, the signal comprises rising fronts and falling fronts, representative of teeth and troughs of the target, and
State 2: when the crankshaft is stopped, the signal has an aperiodic progressive drift,
in order to account for a thermal drift sustained by the signal when the crankshaft is stopped to improve precision of the sensor when the engine is restarted from a warm condition, the adaptation method comprising:
detecting, in the State 1, the rising fronts and falling fronts of the signal on the basis of at least one detection threshold; and
in the State 2,
step 1: detecting the stopping of the crankshaft by the absence during a predetermined period of detection of rising fronts and falling fronts over the signal based on the detection threshold,
step 2: after the predetermined period, measuring the value of the signal at successive intervals,
step 3: for each interval, calculating the variation of the value of the signal,
step 4: calculating a new detection threshold by the addition, to the detection threshold previously used over the previous interval, of the variation of the value of the signal calculated over said previous interval, and
step 5: repeating steps 3 and 4 as long as there is no rising front or falling front detected on the basis of the antepenultimate detection threshold used prior to the addition in step 4; and
subsequently detecting, by the magnetic field sensor and the processor, a position of the crankshaft using the new calculated detection threshold after the engine is restarted from the warm condition after the crankshaft is stopped.

US Pat. No. 10,215,589

IO MATCHING CURRENT MODULATED OUTPUT FOR SENSORS

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A sensor system, comprising:a memory unit configured to store operating instructions;
a processing component coupled to the memory unit, wherein the processing component is configured to execute logical operations corresponding to respective operating instructions, wherein the memory unit and the processing component are disposed on a CMOS integrated circuit (IC) or a TTL IC;
a sensor located external to the CMOS IC or the TTL IC and directly connected to an input/output (I/O) interface of the CMOS IC or the TTL IC, the sensor comprising a current source configured to provide a current modulated output signal that comprises sensor data to the CMOS IC or the TTL IC based on a physical property sensed by the sensor; and
a current to voltage converter, connected to the sensor and the processing component via a direct connection at a single contact node, the single contact node being located between the I/O interface and the current source so that the sensor is directly connected to the I/O interface of the processing component and to the single contact node, the current to voltage converter comprising a switchable load resistor configured to convert the current modulated output signal to an I/O voltage signal at the I/O interface that comprises the sensor data, and TTL levels or CMOS levels of the I/O voltage signal depending on a switching state of the switchable load resistor, and provide the I/O voltage signal to the I/O interface of the CMOS IC and the TTL IC based on the switching state, wherein the current to voltage converter is separate from and external to the processing component and the sensor;
wherein the processing component is further configured to receive and process sensor data related to the physical property directly from the I/O voltage signal at the I/O interface to generate an output.

US Pat. No. 10,215,588

POSITION DETECTING DEVICE AND STRUCTURE FOR USING POSITION DETECTING DEVICE

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A position detecting device to detect a position of an object formed of a magnetic substance, comprising:a first magnet;
a second magnet; and
a detecting element that detects a direction of a magnetic field generated by the first magnet and the second magnet, wherein
the first magnet and the second magnet are spaced apart and disposed with magnetic poles thereof having the same polarity arranged opposing each other in an opposing direction,
the first magnet, the second magnet and the detecting element are positioned such that the direction of the magnetic field detected by the detecting element changes when the object (1) is located between the first magnet and the second magnet, when seen from a direction orthogonal to the opposing direction, and (2) moves along the opposing direction between the first magnet and the second magnet, and
the detecting element is disposed, in a state in which the object affects the direction of the magnetic field, between the object and a position where the magnetic fields of the first magnet and the second magnet are offset, when seen from the direction orthogonal to the opposing direction.

US Pat. No. 10,215,587

METHOD FOR STEP DETECTION AND GAIT DIRECTION ESTIMATION

TRX SYSTEMS, INC., Green...

1. A computer-implemented method for detecting the steps of a person and estimating the person's three-dimensional (3D) movement to track a location of the person, comprising:collecting accelerometer data from a worn or person carried device that includes an accelerometer in an unknown tilted orientation relative to a ground frame as the person moves around a physical location, the accelerometer data being indicative of the person's 3D movement relative to the ground frame and sampled based on movement of the person, the accelerometer data comprising x-axis data, y-axis data and z-axis data that corresponds to the movement of the person over a period of time and storing the accelerometer data in a non-transitory memory of a computer having a processor, wherein the person's 3D movement relative to the ground frame forms a reference frame for the device;
determining tilt data indicative of the accelerometer's orientation relative to the ground frame using the accelerometer data;
generating improved accelerometer data indicative of the accelerometer's orientation relative to the reference frame for the device by filtering the accelerometer data using the tilt data;
storing the improved accelerometer data in the non-transitory memory;
generating stride data based on the improved accelerometer data, comprising:
finding by the processor a local minima and a local maxima to detect each step by the person;
finding by the processor an x-displacement along the x-axis and a y-displacement along the y-axis for each step by the person based on the improved accelerometer data for the x-axis and the y-axis and storing the x-displacement and the y-displacement in the memory;
calculating by the processor a two-dimensional (2D) movement displacement and a translation direction for each stride by the person based at least on the x-displacement and the y-displacement; and
calculating by the processor an elevation change of the person and storing the elevation change in the memory; and
estimating a 3D movement to track the location of the person, on a step by step basis based at least on the stride data.

US Pat. No. 10,215,586

LOCATION BASED FEATURES FOR COMMUTE ASSISTANT

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A non-transitory machine-readable medium storing a commute application which when executed by at least one processing unit of a device provides routes and schedules for routes in a transit system, the commute application comprising sets of instructions for:providing a first presentation of a plurality of stops along a route navigated by a transit vehicle of the transit system, at least one of the plurality of stops being a location at which the transit vehicle is scheduled to stop while navigating the route to enable transit vehicle embarking and disembarking and based on the publicly available schedule;
receiving an input associated with a stop from the plurality of stops along the navigated route through a user interface (UI) item of the device;
providing a second presentation for displaying a plurality of different routes traversed by different transit vehicles of the transit system that traverse through the selected stop and for displaying a plurality of trips associated with the plurality of different routes, wherein each route of the plurality of different routes comprises a different plurality of stops, and wherein each trip of the plurality of trips comprises a different set of scheduled arrival times at which the different transit vehicles are scheduled to stop at the stop;
receiving a second input selecting a first trip of the plurality of trips; and
providing a third presentation for displaying the different set of scheduled arrival times associated with the first trip, wherein the third presentation is further for displaying a slider control for presenting a second different set of scheduled arrival times for a second trip of the plurality of trips.

US Pat. No. 10,215,585

BLOCK VIEW FOR GEOGRAPHIC NAVIGATION

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A computerized system for navigation within a user interface, wherein the system comprises:a processor; and
memory storing computerized instructions that when executed by the processor cause the processor to:
receive an indication of a zoom-in on a map view of a geographic location displayed within the user interface;
determine that the zoom-in on the map view has reached a map zoom threshold;
in response to determining that the zoom-in has reached the map zoom threshold, display a block view of the geographic location;
receive an indication of a zoom-in on the block view of the geographic location, wherein the block view displays a side of a travel route through the geographic location;
determine that the zoom-in on the block view has reached a block zoom threshold; and
in response to determining that the zoom-in has reached the block zoom threshold, display a bubble view of the geographic location.

US Pat. No. 10,215,583

MULTI-LEVEL NAVIGATION MONITORING AND CONTROL

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. A system for multi-level navigation monitoring and control, comprising:a memory; and
a processor that executes the following computer executable components stored in the memory:
a navigation manager generating a route between a first location and a second location;
a map displayer outputting a map that includes the route and is indicative of distances of one or more surfaces, objects, obstructions, or geometries in an area around a vehicle,
wherein the map displayer outputs the route to indicate a path travelled and a future path expected to be travelled, each graphically distinguishable from one another, wherein the map displayer outputs the map on a windshield of the vehicle, wherein the map is transparent and does not obstruct a view of real world objects in a vehicle environment;
a modification controller altering at least a portion of the route based on an indication of a change received at a user interface or a sensor;
a lane marking manager determining one or more lane boundaries and a center steering trajectory of a lane of traffic; and
a confidence level determiner assigning respective confidence levels to the lane boundaries and the center steering trajectory based on a prior system knowledge of conditions of a road being traversed, respective confidence levels indicative of confidence that the lane boundaries are correct,
wherein the navigation manager regenerates the route between the first location and the second location as a function of the indication of the change and the map displayer outputs a revised map based on the regenerated route.

US Pat. No. 10,215,582

NAVIGATION SYSTEM INCLUDING AUTOMATIC SUPPRESSION OF NAVIGATION PROMPTS FOR KNOWN GEOGRAPHIC AREAS

General Motors LLC, Detr...

1. A method for selectively suppressing audio turn-by-turn instructions on a navigation system, the method comprising:maintaining a step n-gram table for an identified entity, wherein an entry in the step n-gram table comprises:
a navigation step n-gram identification, and
a count value;
generating a turn-by-turn direction for the identified entity including:
a step n-gram identification,
a description of a navigation direction, and
a known status of the step n-gram to the identified entity, wherein the known status is established according to a criterion including at least the count value for the navigation step n-gram;
presenting the turn-by-turn direction to a user corresponding to the identity;
determining a completion of the step n-gram corresponding to the turn-by-turn direction; and
updating, in accordance with the completion of the step n-gram, the entry in the step n-gram table, wherein the updating includes at least incrementing the count value,
wherein during the presenting, an audio part of the turn-by-turn instruction is selectively suppressed based upon the known status of the turn-by-turn instruction, when the navigation system operates in an audio turn-by-turn suppression mode.

US Pat. No. 10,215,581

INTELLIGENT VEHICLE NAVIGATION ASSISTANCE

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A vehicle navigation system, comprising:a memory having computer readable instructions; and
a processor for executing the computer readable instructions, the computer readable instructions including:
determining an identity of a driver of a vehicle;
generating a route based on a starting point of the vehicle and a user-inputted destination location, the route comprising a set of directions defined by location points, actions, and distance values;
comparing the generated route to previously travelled routes by the driver stored in the memory, wherein the memory stores previously travelled routes of a plurality of drivers of the vehicle;
identifying, from the comparing, a segment of the generated route that is in common with a segment from at least one of the previously travelled routes by the driver;
determining a frequency count indicating a number of instances that the segment of the generated route appears in the previously travelled routes by the driver;
upon determining that the frequency count exceeds a specified threshold value, muting output of audio-based directions through a speaker of the vehicle during traversal of the vehicle through the segment of the generated route;
monitoring movement of the vehicle during the traversal through the segment of the generated route;
upon determining the vehicle has deviated from a direction in the set of directions, un-muting the output of the audio-based directions;
storing a timestamp corresponding to each of the previously travelled routes by the driver; and
upon determining the frequency count exceeds the specified threshold value and a duration of time between a most recent one of the previously travelled routes by the driver having the segment exceeds a specified time threshold as determined from the timestamp, performing at least one of:
prompting the user to maintain the output of the audio-based directions through the speaker; and
modifying the output of the audio-based directions to a higher level of detail than a level of detail associated with the audio-based directions.

US Pat. No. 10,215,580

ROUTE-GUIDANCE CONTROL DEVICE, ROUTE-GUIDANCE CONTROL METHOD, AND NAVIGATION SYSTEM

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. A route-guidance control device comprising:a processor; and
a memory coupled to the processor, the memory storing instructions which, when executed by the processor, causes the processor to perform a process including
accessing to a map database storing map information to search for a destination corresponding to an input linguistic expression, using a plurality of search criteria provided with orders of priority;
setting a first destination corresponding to the input linguistic expression, in accordance with the orders of priority; and
setting a range of a neighboring area surrounding the first destination in such manner that the range increases as a distance between a current location and the first destination increases,
wherein the process further includes
allowing output of an inquiry sentence when the current location and a location of the first destination's neighboring area satisfy a setting condition; and
receiving data about a linguistic expression for responding to the inquiry sentence to set a second destination in the first destination's neighboring area,
wherein the process further includes
deciding whether a linguistic expression input last time is the same as a linguistic expression input this time; and
setting a currently set destination to a final destination when the linguistic expression input last time is the same as the linguistic expression input this time.

US Pat. No. 10,215,579

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ESTIMATING DRIVING INFORMATION

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of estimating driving information, the method comprising:receiving a driving route of a vehicle;
generating speed deviations corresponding to points on the driving route; and
generating a speed profile comprising a sequence of predicted speeds corresponding to the points based on the speed deviations and average speeds corresponding to the points,
wherein the average speeds corresponding to the points comprises any one or any combination of the a statistical average speed of vehicles travelling at each of the points and an average speed of vehicles based on a current traffic flow at the each of the points.

US Pat. No. 10,215,578

SYSTEM, METHOD AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR PATH COMPUTING BASED ON UNPLEASANT DATA

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A computer-implemented path computing method, the method comprising:extracting unpleasant data from a database to create a plurality of multi-variate spatio-temporal density functions;
collecting a tolerance level of a user; and
computing a path for the user based on the tolerance level and the plurality of density functions,
wherein, around a geolocation of centroids defining an incident in the unpleasant data for each of the plurality of density functions, a decay function is created with decay rates that are weighted based on a type of the incident and a time of day associated with the incident, the decay being in relation to a distance from a location having a highest value risk of the unpleasant data,
wherein a geofence is created around the centroids,
wherein the computing determines a path between the geofences that does not overlap with the geofences to maximize a distance to the incidents in the centroids,
wherein the computing entirely avoids the incident in the unpleasant data and maximizes a distance between each of the geolocation of centroids of the plurality of density functions, and
wherein the path is computed based on a constrained optimization problem over a graph where locations are nodes in the geofence and the locations are connected using streets as edges in which an association between the tolerance level and the plurality of density functions are used to compute the path such that:
each edge of the geofence of the unpleasant data is less than the tolerance level;
a sum of the edge weights is minimized; and
a total time for the oath is less than a user time constraint.

US Pat. No. 10,215,577

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR RATING LANDMARKS FOR USE AS ROUTE GUIDANCE IN VEHICLE NAVIGATION

Uber Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising:receiving, from a client device by a system having a memory and at least one hardware processor, a request for route guidance information for moving from an origin to a destination;
calculating, by the system, a first route from the origin to the destination, the first route having a first travel measurement, the first travel measurement comprising a first travel time or a first travel distance;
calculating, by the system, a second route from the origin to the destination, the second route having a second travel measurement, the second travel measurement comprising a second travel time or a second travel distance, the second travel measurement being greater than the first travel measurement;
determining, by the system, a visibility level of a landmark corresponding to the second route;
determining, by the system, that a difference between the second travel measurement and the first travel measurement is within a predefined value;
selecting, by the system, the second route for use in the route guidance information based on the visibility level of the landmark corresponding to the second route and the determining that the difference between the second travel measurement and the first travel measurement is within the predefined value;
generating, by the system, the route guidance information based on the selection of the second route, the route guidance information comprising the second route and an indication of the landmark; and
causing, by the system, the client device to display the generated route guidance information within a user interface on the client device.

US Pat. No. 10,215,576

ENERGY-OPTIMIZED VEHICLE ROUTE SELECTION

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for generating energy-optimized travel routes in a navigation system of a vehicle, the method comprising:generating, via the navigation system, a plurality of candidate travel routes for a trip having a route origin and a route destination;
dividing each of the candidate travel routes into a plurality of route segments;
estimating expected travel speeds of the vehicle along each of the route segments via the navigation system using cloud information, wherein the cloud information includes mapping data from a geospatial database and traffic information along each of the route segments, and wherein the traffic information includes at least one of real-time traffic information and historic traffic information for the route segments;
calculating an expected energy efficiency of the vehicle over each of the route segments, including:
using a vehicle-specific energy efficiency model to determine an expected energy efficiency of the vehicle over the route segments, including determining an actual energy efficiency over the route segments over time, and adapting the vehicle-specific energy efficiency model in real-time based upon a comparison of the expected energy efficiency and the actual energy efficiency; and
displaying a plurality of energy-optimized travel routes via the navigation system using the calculated expected energy efficiency.

US Pat. No. 10,215,575

IDENTIFYING A MAP MATCHED TRIP FROM RECEIVED GEOGRAPHIC POSITION INFORMATION

UBER TECHNOLOGIES, INC., ...

1. A computer-implemented method for identifying a path of a trip, the method comprising:receiving a plurality of geographic points that describe a trip of a vehicle from a starting location to a destination location, each of the plurality of received geographic points associated with a timestamp, wherein the plurality of received geographic points are global positioning satellite (GPS) points captured by a location tracking device located in the vehicle;
identifying a set of candidate geographic points for each of the plurality of received geographic points, each candidate geographic point in the set rep resenting a candidate location on a road network that is associated with the received geographic point;
determining a graph that includes the sets of candidate geographic points for the plurality of received geographic points, each candidate geographic point arranged in the graph according to the timestamp of the received geographic point that is associated with the candidate geographic point;
identifying a plurality of sub-graphs from the graph;
iteratively applying an A* algorithm to a subset of the plurality of sub-graphs that evaluates only a portion of all possible edges that connect together the candidate geographic points in the graph without evaluating all of the possible edges, wherein the evaluation comprises initially setting a zero cost for edges of the plurality of sub-graphs; and
identifying a shortest path of travel of the vehicle in the trip based on the iterative application of the A* algorithm to the subset of the plurality of sub-graphs.

US Pat. No. 10,215,574

FACILITATING RIDER PICK-UP FOR A TRANSPORT SERVICE

Uber Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A transport facilitation system comprising:one or more processors; and
one or more memory resources storing instructions for facilitating a pick-up in connection with a transportation arrangement service, wherein the instructions, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the transport facilitation system to:
receive a pick-up request, over one or more networks, from a user device of a requesting user;
select a driver of a vehicle to service the pick-up request;
transmit an invitation to service the pick-up request to a driver device of the driver;
receive a confirmation to service the pick-up request from the driver device;
detect, from the user device, a sensor pattern corresponding to a hailing action performed using the user device; and
in response to detecting the sensor pattern, (i) transmit a trigger signal to initiate a selected display pattern on a graphical user interface (GUI) of the user device, and (ii) transmit a second trigger signal to the driver device, the second trigger signal causing the driver device to initiate the selected display pattern on a header bar of a GUI of the driver device and a camera flash component on a rear side of the driver device to enable the requesting user to identify the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,215,573

USING TRAIN TELEMATICS DATA TO REDUCE ACCIDENT RISK

STATE FARM MUTUAL AUTOMOB...

1. A computer system configured to use train telematics data to reduce accident risk, the computer system comprising:at least one of one or more processors or one or more associated transceivers, the at least one of the one or more processors or the one or more associated transceivers located on or within an autonomous vehicle, the at least one of the one or more processors or the one or more associated transceivers configured to:
receive, at the autonomous vehicle via wireless communication or data transmission, the train telematics data associated with a train, the train telematics data including location data and at least one of acceleration data or deceleration data;
determine, at the autonomous vehicle based upon the train telematics data, (1) an indication of when the train will pass through the railroad crossing or another railroad crossing, or (2) an indication of when the train will be within a predetermined distance of the railroad crossing or the another railroad crossing;
determine, at the autonomous vehicle based upon a relevance of the train, an alternate route for the autonomous vehicle to take to avoid waiting at the railroad crossing or the another railroad crossing to allow for the train to pass through the railroad crossing or the another railroad crossing, the relevance of the train being based upon (1) the indication of when the train will pass through the railroad crossing or the another railroad crossing, or (2) the indication of when the train will be within the predetermined distance of the railroad crossing or the another railroad crossing;
direct, based upon the relevance of the train, the autonomous vehicle to one of (1) automatically travel along the alternate route, or (2) automatically stop at the railroad crossing or the another railroad crossing to allow the train to pass through the railroad crossing or the another railroad crossing; and
cause an insurance provider remote server to at least one of display, adjust, or generate an insurance discount associated with the autonomous vehicle based upon the autonomous vehicle including risk mitigation or prevention functionality associated with (1) receiving the train telematics data, and (2) directing corrective actions based upon the relevance of the train, so as to incentivize the insured customer to facilitate avoidance of train-vehicle collisions and safer train and vehicle travel.

US Pat. No. 10,215,572

MAP UPDATE DETERMINATION SYSTEM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A map update determination system provided with a map database in which map information used for an automatic driving control for a vehicle is stored and configured to determine a necessity of an update of the map information in a zone set in advance, the map update determination system comprising:an electronic control unit (ECU) programmed to:
generate, based on a target route of the vehicle set in advance and the map information, a traveling plan of the vehicle including a control target value for the vehicle in accordance with a position on the target route;
acquire, in association with the position on the target route, a control result detection value resulting from the automatic driving control for the vehicle executed, based on a road environment in a vicinity of the vehicle recognized by an external sensor of the vehicle being used, a traveling state of the vehicle recognized by an internal sensor of the vehicle being used, a position of the vehicle measured by a position measurement unit of the vehicle, and the traveling plan;
calculate an evaluation value of the traveling plan for the zone based on a result of a comparison between the control target value and the control result detection value; and
determine the necessity of the update of the map information on the zone based on the evaluation value of the traveling plan and an evaluation threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,215,571

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PRECISION LOCALIZATION AND MAPPING

Nauto, Inc., Palo Alto, ...

1. A method for localization and mapping, comprising:at a camera mounted to a first vehicle, the first vehicle associated with a first global system location and a location error, recording a sequence of images in response to the location error exceeding a threshold error value;
identifying a landmark depicted in an image of the sequence of images with a landmark identification module of a computing system associated with the vehicle, the landmark associated with a landmark geographic location and a known dimension;
identifying the landmark in each of the sequence of images;
extracting a landmark pose from the image, based on the known dimension of the landmark, with a feature extraction module of the computing system;
extracting a corresponding landmark pose from each of the sequence of images;
determining, at the computing system, a relative position between the vehicle and the landmark geographic location based on the landmark pose;
determining a temporal pattern based on the corresponding landmark pose extracted from each of the sequence of images;
determining a vehicle trajectory based on the temporal pattern, wherein the vehicle is controlled along the vehicle trajectory based on the location error, and wherein the vehicle is an autonomous vehicle;
updating, at the computing system, the first global system location based on the relative position;
setting the location error to an error value below the threshold error value in response to updating the global system location;
determining, at the computing system, a speed value and heading value associated with the vehicle, wherein the speed value is associated with a speed error and the heading value is associated with a heading error;
continuously updating the first global system location based on the speed value and heading value; and
continuously incrementing the location error in proportion to an elapsed time subsequent to updating the global system location and based on the speed error and the heading error.

US Pat. No. 10,215,570

GEOGRAPHIC SPACE MANAGEMENT

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A computer program product comprising one or more computer-readable storage devices and program instructions stored on at least one of the one or more computer-readable storage devices, the program instructions comprising program instructions to:manage, using a first subsystem of a plurality of subsystems, a first region of a plurality of regions, wherein the plurality of regions divide geographic space, and wherein managing the first region comprises managing a first mobile object;
manage, using a second subsystem of the plurality of subsystems, a second region of the plurality of regions, wherein managing the second region comprises managing a second mobile object, and wherein the first region and the second region share a common boundary;
change the common boundary between the first region and the second region based on a data processing load of the first subsystem.

US Pat. No. 10,215,569

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING A RELATIVE POSITION TO A TARGET

AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE ...

1. A method for determining a relative angular direction ? between a target and a transmitter, the method comprising the following steps:producing one or more light beams,
transmitting, by the transmitter, the one or more light beams, wherein a first light beam in the one or more light beams indicates a relative angular direction from the transmitter,
receiving, by the target, one or more of the one or more light beams,
wherein the generation of the one or more light beams comprises diffracting a broadband light in such a way that different optical frequency wavelengths are diffracted differently and a relative angular direction ? is detected by reading an optical frequency wavelength,
wherein at least one light beam comprises at least two optical frequency combs or a dual frequency comb, comprising:
a first optical frequency comb and
a second optical frequency comb,
the first and second frequency combs comprising a same ƒ0 and comprising respective ƒr1 and ƒr2 where ƒr1 is different from ƒr2, and
wherein
ƒr1, ƒr2 is the comb tooth spacing or mode repetition rate,
ƒ0 is the carrier offset frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,215,568

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TRACKING MOTION, PERFORMANCE, AND OTHER DATA FOR AN INDIVIDUAL SUCH AS A WINTER SPORTS ATHLETE

Vision Service Plan, Ran...

1. A computer-implemented method of determining individual movement for a winter sports athlete, the method comprising:providing a mobile computing device comprising:
one or more processors;
a display; and
one or more magnetometers;
providing a first magnet for placement on a first piece of winter sports equipment used by the winter sports athlete and a second magnet for placement on a second piece of winter sports equipment used by the winter sports athlete;
measuring, by the one or more processors, using the one or more magnetometers, (i) first magnetic field information for the first magnet disposed on a portion of the first piece of winter sports equipment used by the winter sports athlete and (ii) second magnetic field information for the second magnet disposed on a portion of the second piece of winter sports equipment used by the winter sports athlete;
determining, by the one or more processors, using the first magnetic field information and the second magnetic field information, one or more pieces of individual movement data associated with the winter sports athlete;
generating, by the one or more processors, a graphical representation of the one or more pieces of individual movement data; and
displaying, by the one or more processors on the display, the generated graphical representation to the winter sports athlete.

US Pat. No. 10,215,566

OSCILLATOR, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, AND MOVING OBJECT

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. An oscillator comprising:a substrate;
a movable member which is disposed facing the substrate; and
an elastically deformable beam which supports the movable member, the movable member being displaceable in a thickness direction of the substrate toward the substrate,
wherein the movable member is configured to be displaced toward the substrate in a range in which recovery force of the beam is larger than electrostatic force which is formed between the substrate and the movable member, and
when a position at which the electrostatic force and the recovery force are equal to each other is a movable critical point, the movable member is configured to contact the substrate prior to exceeding the movable critical point in a cross sectional view.

US Pat. No. 10,215,565

CIRCUIT DEVICE, PHYSICAL QUANTITY DETECTION DEVICE, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, AND MOVING OBJECT

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A circuit device comprising:a drive circuit which drives a vibrating reed;
a detection circuit which outputs physical quantity information corresponding to the physical quantity, based on a detection signal according to a physical quantity that is output from the vibrating reed; and
an arithmetic processing unit which performs arithmetic processing, based on the physical quantity information from the detection circuit and time interval information that is defined by a stored drive frequency of the drive circuit unaffected by fluctuation,
wherein the detection circuit outputs the physical quantity information with an output period based on a master clock signal, wherein the master clock signal is asynchronous to a reference clock signal that is generated based on a signal of the drive circuit, the signal of the drive circuit having the drive frequency of the drive circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,215,564

AUTOMATIC COMPASS CALIBRATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

FLIR SYSTEMS, INC., Wils...

1. A system comprising:a logic device configured to receive one or more sensor signals and determine a corrected magnetic field based, at least in part, on a measured local magnetic field, wherein the logic device is adapted to:
receive an angular velocity, an acceleration, the measured local magnetic field, and/or a speed of a mobile structure;
generate stabilized roll and pitch components of an orientation of the mobile structure based, at least in part, on the acceleration and angular velocity; and
determine the corrected magnetic field based, at least in part, on the local magnetic field and the stabilized roll and pitch components.

US Pat. No. 10,215,563

SURVEYING INSTRUMENT

LEICA GEOSYSTEMS AG, Hee...

1. A theodolite or total station comprising:a base;
an aiming structure being swivelable in two directions with respect to the base and including:
an objective optical system defining an aiming axis; and
at least a first camera in a direction of the aiming axis, wherein the at least first camera is provided as an on axis camera that is integrated into the aiming structure and that is seeing through the objective optical system, wherein the first camera has an optical magnification factor and provides at least a first image signal; and
a wide angle camera with lower optical magnification factor as a second camera that is integrated into the aiming structure providing a second image signal and defining an optical axis, wherein the first and second cameras are arranged such that the optical axis and the aiming are in parallel;
a display; and
a controller being adapted so that the first image signal and the second image signal are processed in order to generate image signal data so that a first video stream and a second video stream are displayed simultaneously on the display, wherein the first video stream corresponds with the first image signal and the second video stream corresponds with the second image signal, wherein each of the first video stream and the second video stream represent a real time video stream, wherein the first video stream is a magnification of a detail of the second video stream being an overview video stream, and the first video stream from the on axis camera is overlaid with a reticle indicating the aiming axis,
wherein a positional relationship between the aiming axis and the optical axis is processed by the controller for simultaneously displaying the first and the second video streams.

US Pat. No. 10,215,562

PERSONALIZED PROTOTYPING

Invention Science Find I,...

1. A system for manufacturing a physical item, the system comprising:circuitry for capturing one or more digital photographic images of at least a portion of a first three-dimensional object;
circuitry for deriving a first input data set representing the at least a portion of the first three-dimensional object from the one or more digital photographic images of the at least a portion of the first three-dimensional object, the first input data set being configured to enable the system to manufacture the at least a portion of the first three-dimensional object;
circuitry for receiving a second input data set representing a second three-dimensional object, wherein the second three-dimensional object is user-selected after the first input data set is derived, the second input data set being configured to enable the system to manufacture the second three-dimensional object;
circuitry for adapting for combination at least one of the first input data set representing the at least a portion of the first three-dimensional object or the second input data set representing the second three-dimensional object;
circuitry for combining the first input data set representing the at least a portion of the first three-dimensional object with the second input data set representing the second three-dimensional object to obtain an item data set, the item data set being configured to enable the system to manufacture the physical item, the item data set further including at least identifier information defining at least one three-dimensional identifier that identifies the physical item, the at least one three-dimensional identifier to be embedded within the physical item; and
circuitry for manufacturing the physical item from the item data set.

US Pat. No. 10,215,561

METHOD OF DESIGNING CONTAINER OF LIQUID REFLECTION INCLINATION SENSOR, INCLINATION SENSOR INCLUDING THE CONTAINER, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING INCLINATION SENSOR INCLUDING THE CONTAINER

TOPCON CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A method of designing a container of a liquid reflection inclination sensor, comprising:a liquid surface calculating step that calculates a shape of a liquid surface of a liquid in a horizontal direction “x” and a vertical direction “y” by utilizing the Young-Laplace formula and the hydrostatic pressure formula, the liquid surface formed on a plate extending vertically and infinitely with respect to a horizontal part of the liquid surface;
an optical simulation step that obtains a light receiving pattern by reflecting a dark field pattern irradiated from an imaginary light source on an imaginary mirror plane having the shape of the liquid surface; and
a container adjusting step that adjusts a shape of a cylindrical container for enclosing the liquid by judging whether image accuracy of the light receiving pattern satisfies demanded sensor accuracy.

US Pat. No. 10,215,560

METHOD FOR SHAPE CLASSIFICATION OF AN OBJECT

KLA Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A method for shape classification of an object, the method comprising the steps:providing a first number, N, of a plurality of shape categories, each shape category:
specifying a second number, M_k, of points in a plane relative to the object; and,
specifying for each point at least one limit coordinate along a direction normal to the plane;
measuring at each of the points a position of at least one surface of the object along the direction normal to the plane; and,
checking, for each shape category, whether all measured positions of the at least one surface are compatible with the corresponding at least one limit coordinate, and if this is the case classifying the object to be of the respective shape category,
wherein, prior to the measurements of the position of the at least one surface, the object is measured to obtain a rotation of the object in the plane and a tilt of the object relative to the direction normal to the plane, and wherein the rotation and the tilt are used to align the points defined by each category with the object.

US Pat. No. 10,215,559

METROLOGY OF MULTIPLE PATTERNING PROCESSES

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A method comprising:providing a first amount of illumination light to a first plurality of measurement sites on a semiconductor wafer, wherein each of the first plurality of measurement sites includes at least one multiple patterned metrology target characterized by at least one parameter of interest generated by at least two patterning steps of a multiple patterning process, wherein a pitch of the at least one multiple patterned target fabricated by the multiple patterning process is a multiple of a pitch of a mask of a lithography system employed as part of the multiple patterning process, wherein the at least one parameter of interest is indicative of a geometric error that results from the multiple patterning process, wherein at least one of the multiple patterned metrology targets located at one or more of the first plurality of measurement sites is different from at least one of another of the multiple patterned metrology targets;
detecting an amount of light from each of the first plurality of measurement sites in response to the first amount of illumination light provided to each of the first plurality of measurement sites on the semiconductor wafer, the detected amount of light comprising a first amount of optical measurement data;
receiving the first amount of optical measurement data associated with the measurements of the first plurality of measurement sites on the semiconductor wafer;
determining a value of the at least one parameter of interest associated with each of the first plurality of measurement sites based on the first amount of measurement data and a signal response metrology (SRM) model, wherein the SRM model is an input-output model measurement model that directly relates the received optical measurement data to a value of the at least one parameter of interest; and
storing the value of the at least one parameter of interest in a memory.

US Pat. No. 10,215,558

ROTATION ANGLE MEASURING SYSTEM AND MACHINING SYSTEM COMPRISING THE SAME

NOPORVIS CO., LTD., Kaoh...

1. A rotation angle measuring device, comprising:a light source configured to generate a first light beam with a first polarization direction and a second light beam with a second polarization direction;
a first beam splitter configured to split the first and second light beams to generate a third light beam with the first polarization direction and a fourth light beam with the second polarization direction;
a first displacement measuring module configured to allow the first and second light beams to pass through a first side of the first displacement measuring module and to be further reflected to pass through a second side of the first displacement measuring module, wherein the first light beam is reflected by a first measuring surface of a measured object, and the second light beam is reflected inside the first displacement measuring module;
a second displacement measuring module configured to allow the third and fourth light beam to pass through a first side of the second displacement measuring module and to be further reflected to pass through a second side of the second displacement measuring module, wherein the third light beam is reflected by the first measuring surface of the measured object, and the fourth light beam is reflected inside the second displacement measuring module;
an image sensor configured to sense a first interference pattern generated by the first and second light beams passing through the first displacement measurement module, and sense a second interference pattern generated by the third and fourth light beams passing through the second displacement measurement module; and
a processing unit electrically connected to the image sensor for calculating a first displacement value of the first displacement measuring module relative to a first position on the first measuring surface of the measured object along a first axis according to the first interference pattern, and calculating a second displacement value of the second displacement measuring module relative to a second position on the first measuring surface of the measured object along the first axis according to the second interference pattern, in order to further calculate a rotation angle of the rotation angle measuring device relative to the measured object around a second axis according to the first and second displacement values.

US Pat. No. 10,215,557

DISTANCE IMAGE ACQUISITION APPARATUS AND DISTANCE IMAGE ACQUISITION METHOD

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A distance image acquisition apparatus comprising:a projector which projects a first pattern of structured light distributed in a two-dimensional manner with respect to a subject within a distance measurement region;
a light modulator which modulates a switching timing of projection and non-projection of the first pattern projected from the projector with a code;
an image sensor which is provided in parallel with and apart from the projector by a baseline length, performs imaging in synchronization with a projection period and a non-projection period of the first pattern, and generates a plurality of captured images including the first pattern reflected from the subject, the plurality of captured images including a first captured image captured in the projection period of the first pattern and a second captured image captured in the non-projection period of the first pattern;
a processor configured to:
generate a differential image of the first captured image captured in the projection period and the second captured image captured in the non-projection period;
extract the first pattern from the differential image;
acquire a distance image indicating a distance of the subject within the distance measurement region based on the first pattern;
determine whether or not a second pattern is projected from another distance image acquisition apparatus; and
a beacon information reception unit which receives beacon information transmitted from the another distance image acquisition apparatus, the beacon information indicating that the second pattern is projected from the another distance image acquisition apparatus,
wherein, in a case where the processor determines that the second pattern is projected from the another distance image acquisition apparatus, the light modulator performs modulation on the first pattern projected from the projector,
wherein, in a case where the beacon information reception unit receives the beacon information, the processor determines that the second pattern is projected from the another distance image acquisition apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,215,556

THREE-DIMENSIONAL MEASURING APPARATUS

CKD Corporation, Aichi (...

1. A three-dimensional measuring apparatus, comprising:a first irradiating unit that irradiates a light pattern onto a measured object, having a banded light intensity distribution in a conveying direction of the measured object;
a second irradiating unit that irradiates a uniform light of a constant light intensity onto the measured object;
an imaging unit that images the measured object irradiated by the light pattern or the uniform light; and
a processor that:
acquires a first plurality of image data imaged by the imaging unit under the light pattern for each predetermined amount of conveyance by the measured object;
three dimensionally measures the object based on the acquired first plurality of image data;
acquires a second plurality of image data imaged by the imaging unit under the uniform light, wherein one of the second plurality of image data is acquired after predetermined image data from among the first plurality of image data is imaged but before next image data is imaged; and
executes a predetermined process based on the one of the acquired second plurality of image data,
wherein
the measured object is a continuously conveyed printed substrate,
the predetermined amount of conveyance is based on a phase of the light pattern,
the processor alternately acquires each piece of the first plurality of image data and each piece of the second plurality of image data with the first irradiating unit and the second irradiating unit, respectively, every time the measured object is conveyed by the predetermined amount of conveyance,
the first plurality of image data comprises image data imaged under the light pattern of a first luminance value for a region other than a solder print region of the printed substrate, and image data imaged under the light pattern of a second luminance value greater than the first luminance value, wherein the second luminance value is for the solder print region, and wherein the image data imaged under the light pattern of the first luminance value and the image data imaged under the light pattern of the second luminance value are alternately acquired, and
the second plurality of image data comprises image data imaged under the uniform light by switching a plurality of uniform lights having different colors, wherein the image data imaged under the uniform lights of the different colors are acquired in sequence during the time until the acquired first plurality of imaging data is all imaged.

US Pat. No. 10,215,555

MOTION SENSING BY MONITORING INTENSITY OF LIGHT REDIRECTED BY AN INTENSITY PATTERN

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A displacement measuring system comprising:a vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL) array comprising two or more vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) distributed along a first direction;
an optical pattern supported by a mass, the optical pattern having two portions that form an edge oriented along a second direction that crosses the first direction, the two portions of the optical pattern having different reflectivities, wherein the VCSEL array is spaced apart from the optical pattern and arranged such that, during operation of the displacement measuring system, the VCSEL array illuminates the optical pattern, across the edge, with VCSEL light emitted by the VCSEL array;
a photodetector spaced apart from the optical pattern and arranged such that, during operation of the displacement measuring system, the photodetector integrates the VCSEL light that is redirected by the optical pattern to the photodetector and issues a photodetector signal from the integrated VCSEL light; and
processing electronics to receive the photodetector signal and determine a displacement of the mass along the first direction based on a change in the photodetector signal caused by motion of the mass along a direction of motion that crosses the edge.

US Pat. No. 10,215,554

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR NON-CONTACT SAMPLE ANALYZING USING TERAHERTZ WAVE

INDUSTRY-UNIVERSITY COOPE...

1. An apparatus for non-contact sample analysis, the apparatus comprising:an emission unit radiating terahertz waves onto a sample provided with a conductive material layer, which is a metal nanowire layer, a metal mesh layer or transparent conductive metal oxide layer;
a receiving unit receiving terahertz waves reflected from the sample or terahertz waves passing through the sample;
a characteristic analysis unit including at least one selected from a group consisting of a sheet resistance analysis unit analyzing a sheet resistance of the conductive material layer, a coverage density analysis unit analyzing a coverage density of the conductive material layer, and a thickness analysis unit analyzing a thickness of the conductive material layer by using the received terahertz waves;
a display unit displaying a result derived from the characteristic analysis unit as an image; and
an input unit configured to input information to the characteristic analysis unit,
wherein the sheet resistance analysis unit derives the sheet resistance of the conductive material using Equation 1:
log10Rsh=aX+b,  [Equation 1]
in Equation 1, X is a reflection ratio or a transmission ratio obtained by using the received terahertz waves, a and b are values depending on a material forming the conductive material layer, and Rsh is the sheet resistance of the conductive material layer,
wherein the coverage density analysis unit derives the coverage density using Equations 2 and 3:

in Equation 2, R is a reflection ratio obtained by using the received terahertz waves, n is a refractive index of the conductive material layer, ? is an incident angle of the terahertz waves with respect to the sample, and n is a refractive index of a medium over the sample,

in Equation 3, Dc is the coverage density, n is the refractive index of the conductive material layer, b is a dimensionless constant value for a local electric field, NA is Avogadro's number, ? is molar polarizability, M is a molecular weight and ?m is a density, wherein the dimensionless constant value for the local electric field b, the molar polarizability ?, the molecular weight M, and the density ?m are values based on the material forming the conductive material layer, and
wherein the thickness analysis unit derives the thickness of the conductive material layer using Equation 4:

in Equation 4, T is the thickness of the conductive material layer, v is a velocity of the terahertz waves, ?t is a difference between a time at which terahertz waves reflected from an upper surface of the conductive material layer and received by the thickness analysis unit has a maximum intensity and a time at which terahertz waves reflected from a lower surface of the conductive material layer and received by the thickness analysis unit has a maximum intensity, and ? is an incident angle of the terahertz waves with respect to the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,215,553

THIN PSD FOR LASER-SCANNING SYSTEMS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A system, comprising:a position sensing device (PSD), comprising a photosensitive material comprising a thin region having a thickness of less than 10 ?m;
a light source, configured to, by passing one or more light beams through the thin region of the photosensitive material of the PSD, cause one or more electrical currents to flow through the PSD; and
a processor, configured to:
in response to the electrical currents, ascertain an amount of power that is delivered by the light source, and
in response to the amount of power exceeding a threshold amount of power, inhibit the light source from further operation.

US Pat. No. 10,215,552

OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY MICROSCOPY APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETECTING A THREE-DIMENSIONAL IMAGE OF AN OBJECT

1. An optical coherence tomography microscopy apparatus for detecting a three-dimensional image of an optically translucent or reflective sample object, the apparatus comprising an interferometric optical setup including:a light source comprising one or more light emitting elements, to emit a beam of light having an emission bandwidth,
a photo sensor unit including at least one photo sensor able to sense a light intensity in a sensing region and to generate a sense signal indicative for said light intensity, the sensed light intensity being dependent on interference in said sensing region between a first and a second sub-beam impingent on the sensing region, and that are split off from said emitted beam, said first sub-beam being directed along a first optical path extending from the light source to the sensing region via the optically translucent or reflective sample object, and the second sub-beam being directed along a second optical path extending from the light source to the sensing region via the optically translucent or reflective reference object,
a displacement unit to change a difference in path length between said first optical path and said second optical path, therewith causing a modulation in the sensed light intensity,
a demodulator to demodulate the sense signal,
characterized in that the apparatus further includes a displacement sensor to generate a displacement signal indicative for said change in said path length difference and a reference signal generator to generate a detection reference signal from the displacement signal and in that said demodulator comprises a detector using said detection reference signal.

US Pat. No. 10,215,551

AGILE IMAGING SYSTEM

Praevium Research, Inc., ...

1. An optical imaging system, comprising:a tunable source generating output optical radiation, the tunable source comprising a wavelength tunable vertical cavity laser (VCL), the VCL comprising a first and second laser mirror that form a laser cavity having a cavity length, an actuator configured to vary the laser cavity length, the VCL generating a single longitudinal mode lasing output that is tunable over an emission wavelength range for generating wavelength sweeps at a sweep repetition rate, wherein the laser cavity free spectral range is at least as wide as the emission wavelength range and the tuning over the entire emission wavelength range is mode hop free, and wherein the actuator and VCL are capable of operating over at least a 12% variation in the sweep repetition rate;
a tuning driver, the tuning driver being capable of generating one or more wavelength tuning waveforms to affect the actuator which determines a sweep trajectory, a sweep speed, the sweep repetition rate, a sweep linearity, and the emission wavelength range;
a current driver that supplies current to a gain material within the tunable source to adjust output optical radiation power;
a monitoring detector configured to measure attributes of a tuning response of the tunable source and provide feedback to correct for disturbances to the tunable source or to generate the one or more wavelength tuning waveforms;
an optical interferometer with a reference arm and a sample arm illuminated by said tunable source;
one or more optical detectors that convert optical interference fringe signals from the optical interferometer into electric analog signals;
a data acquisition device to convert the electric analog signals output from the one or more detectors into digital data.

US Pat. No. 10,215,549

METHOD FOR MEASURING DEFLECTION AMOUNT OF COLUMNAR STRUCTURE AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING PERFORMANCE OF COLUMNAR STRUCTURE

Tokyo Electric Power Comp...

1. A method for measuring a deflection amount of a columnar structure, comprising:placing a longitudinal direction of a columnar structure in a direction parallel to a ground to place the columnar structure on a rolling surface of a support member, the rolling surface being parallel to the ground and configured to support the columnar structure such that the columnar structure is rotatable around an axis in the longitudinal direction;
waiting for a relative position between a position on the rolling surface where the columnar structure has been placed and a position of the columnar structure to change when the columnar structure placed on the rolling surface rotates under its own weight of the columnar structure around the axis of the columnar structure;
determining that the columnar structure has stopped rotating under its own weight around the axis; and
measuring, after the stop of the rotation is determined, a distance in a vertical direction between a straight line connecting both ends in the longitudinal direction of the columnar structure and a curved line along a shape in the longitudinal direction of the columnar structure.

US Pat. No. 10,215,548

ULTRA-LIGHT AND ULTRA-ACCURATE PORTABLE COORDINATE MEASUREMENT MACHINE

SA08700334, Grand Cayman...

1. A portable coordinate measurement machine (CMM) comprising:a manually-positionable articulated arm having first and second ends, the articulated arm including a plurality of arm segments and a plurality of rotary joints, the first end including a connector configured to connect to a measurement probe and the second end including a base;
wherein at least one of the rotary joints of the plurality of rotary joints includes:
first and second bearings;
a shaft that engages an inner race of the first bearing and an inner race of the second bearing, the shaft configured to rotate about an axis of rotation of the first bearing and the second bearing;
a housing having at least one port that engages at least one of an outer race of the first bearing and an outer race of the second bearing; and
at least one transducer configured to output an angle signal corresponding to an angle of rotation of the shaft relative to the housing about the axis of rotation,
wherein a first joint, from the plurality of joints, is attached to a second joint, from the plurality of joints, by a structure that is in contact with the inner or outer race of a bearing of the first joint or the inner or outer race of a bearing of the second joint, the structure fabricated from steel, stainless steel, or a controlled expansion alloy lighter in weight than steel and having a thermal expansion coefficient matching that of steel or stainless steel in the range of between of 9.9 to 18 ?m/m° C. at 25° C.

US Pat. No. 10,215,547

METHOD FOR OPERATING A COORDINATE MEASURING MACHINE

Mitutoyo Corporation, Ka...

1. A method for operating a coordinate measuring machine (CMM) including a CMM control system, a surface scanning probe that measures a workpiece surface by outputting probe workpiece measurements, and a probe measurement timing subsystem, the method comprising:operating the CMM control system to output measurement synchronization trigger signals at predictable times;
operating the probe measurement timing subsystem to determine the predictable times;
operating the CMM to define a first probe workpiece measurement sample period that has a first sampling duration that is relatively shorter than a second sampling duration, and that provides a faster type of probe workpiece measurement that has a first level of accuracy;
operating the CMM to define a second probe workpiece measurement sample period that has a second sampling duration that is relatively longer than the first sampling duration, and that provides a slower type of probe workpiece measurement that has a second level of accuracy that is better than the first level of accuracy; and
operating the CMM to perform of set of measurement operations including the first and second probe workpiece measurement sample periods, the set of measurement operations comprising:
a) initiating a current instance of the first probe workpiece measurement sample period at a first measurement lead time before a first measurement synchronization trigger signal and within a low-latency time window close to the first measurement synchronization trigger signal, wherein the first measurement synchronization trigger signal occurs at the next predictable time of the measurement synchronization trigger signals;
b) operating the CMM control system to output the first measurement synchronization trigger signal at the next predictable time and latch a first set of CMM position coordinate values associated with the first measurement synchronization trigger signal;
c) operating the surface scanning probe to output a current instance of the faster type of probe workpiece measurement associated with the current instance of a first probe workpiece measurement sample period, at a first output time that is associated with the first measurement synchronization trigger signal and that ends within the low-latency time window close to the first measurement synchronization trigger signal;
d) initiating a current instance of the second probe workpiece measurement sample period at a second measurement time that is defined relative to its corresponding operative measurement synchronization trigger signal, wherein the corresponding operative measurement synchronization trigger signal is one of the first measurement synchronization trigger signal or a second measurement synchronization trigger signal that occurs subsequent to the first measurement synchronization trigger signal,
e) operating the surface scanning probe to output a current instance of the slower type of probe workpiece measurement associated with the current instance of the second probe workpiece measurement sample period, at a second output time that is associated with the corresponding operative measurement synchronization trigger signal; and
f) operating the CMM control system to associate the current instance of the slower type of probe workpiece measurement with a properly combinable set of CMM position coordinate values that are determined based at least partially on a set of CMM position coordinate values associated with the corresponding operative measurement synchronization trigger signal.

US Pat. No. 10,215,546

ROTOR PROFILE COMPARATOR

Roper Pump Company, Comm...

1. A comparator tool for evaluating a profile of a multi-lobe helical rotor, the comparator tool comprising:a housing comprising a first end and a second end, the housing including an internal bore extending from the first end to the second end,
the internal bore including:
a first diameter having nominal clearance for a factory-specified major diameter of the rotor,
a second diameter having nominal clearance for a factory-specified minor diameter of the rotor, and
multiple helical grooves corresponding to a number of lobes in the multi-lobe helical rotor, wherein each of the multiple helical grooves have nominal clearance for a factory-specified tip diameter of the rotor,
wherein the comparator tool provides visibility of an interface between a circumference of the rotor and the first end at any place along a length of the rotor.

US Pat. No. 10,215,544

TIME-DELAYED MULTI-CHARGED DIVERSIONARY DEVICE

AMTEC Less Lethal Systems...

1. A diversionary device for setting off multiple cartridges housed within a common container in a timed sequence, comprising:(a) a plurality of firing chambers, with each firing chamber being configured to receive one of said cartridges;
(b) a plurality of strikers, with each striker being configured to detonate one of said cartridges when said striker is released from a cocked position;
(c) a plurality of retainers, with each retainer being configured to retain one of said strikers in said cocked position;
(d) a timing drum, movable between a first position and a second position, said timing drum being urged toward said second position by a timing spring;
(e) a piston connected to said timing drum, said piston moving within a delay chamber filled with a delay fluid;
(f) said timing drum including a firing slot for each of said retainers; and
(g) said firing slots being configured such that said retainers are held against said strikers and thereby retain said strikers in said cocked position when said drum is in said first position, but said firing slots sequentially receive said retainers as said timing drum moves toward said second position thereby sequentially releasing said strikers and creating a desired firing sequence.

US Pat. No. 10,215,543

LINEAR EXPLOSIVE DISRUPTOR

1. A linear explosive disruption tool, comprising: an exterior housing; a cover cap; a first interior chamber fully contained within the exterior housing; a barrel, wherein the barrel provides linear support to explosive gases allowing the gases to travel rearward along a single axis and exit the linear explosive disruption tool; a second interior chamber being concentrically connected and completely internal to a cavity formed by the barrel and the cover cap; a projectile housing comprising a projectile and explosive cavity lid concentrically connected to the projectile housing at one end; a blasting cap or explosive, wherein upon detonation explosively propels the projectile through the barrel to exit the entire linear explosive disruption tool for precision targeting; a third interior chamber fully contained within the projectile housing and within the second interior chamber; at least one high strength foam metal absorber placed within the first interior chamber of the exterior housing and having the ability to collapse due to absorption of fragmentation and absorption of energy generated from the barrel during an explosion of a blasting cap or explosive in the barrel; and at least one clapper member disposed within the first interior chamber of the housing, wherein the clapper member is surrounded by the high strength foam metal absorber and mechanically transfers fragmentation, gases and energy generated from the barrel during the explosion of the blasting cap or explosive in the barrel.

US Pat. No. 10,215,542

SYSTEM FOR ANALYZING PERFORMANCE OF AN ACTIVITY INVOLVING USING AN IMPLEMENT TO STRIKE A MOVING TARGET OBJECT EFFECTIVELY

VIRTUAL CLAYS, LLC, Irvi...

1. A system for analyzing performance of an activity involving using a movable and user-aimable implement operable to project a payload to strike a moving target object launched by a launcher effectively, the system comprising:a first sensor attached to the implement;
a second sensor;
wherein the first sensor generates a signal associated with motion of the implement;
wherein a second sensor generates a signal associated with motion of at least one of the group consisting of the launcher and the moving target being launched;
a processor operably coupled to the first and second sensors to receive the signals generated by the first and second sensors;
wherein the processor analyzes the received signals to measure performance of the activity; and
wherein the performance measured by the processor is selected from the group consisting of the speed, angle and flight of the launched target, and the origin, speed and path of the implement and the path's relation to the flight of the target.

US Pat. No. 10,215,541

CLAY TARGET SHOOTING SYSTEM

1. A target, comprising:a plurality of clay targets each having an outer largest dimension; and
a clay target connector having a width and a plurality of clamping ends, the width of the clay target connector smaller than the outer dimension of a clay target of the plurality of clay targets, each clamping end of the plurality of clamping ends is releasably connected to a clay target of the plurality of clay targets.

US Pat. No. 10,215,540

OPEN WATER MARINE BARRIER SYSTEMS

HALO MARITIME DEFENSE SYS...

1. A marine barrier comprising:two substantially parallel elongate buoyant members spaced apart from each other;
an elongate net support member spaced from the buoyant members, disposed between the two buoyant members and above the buoyant members when the buoyant members are floating in a body of water;
a plurality of substantially rigid first stanchions extending between the two buoyant members to maintain the spacing between the buoyant members;
a plurality of substantially rigid second stanchions, each extending between one of the buoyant members and the net support member to maintain the spacing between the buoyant members and the net support member; and
an impact net attached to the net support member and a first one of the buoyant members, or to the net support member and the plurality of first stanchions, such that when the buoyant members are floating in the body of water and a moving vessel impacts the impact net, the impact net deflects to transfer a force of the impact to one or more of the net support member, the first stanchions, the second stanchions, and the buoyant members, and the buoyant members in turn engage the water to transfer the force of the impact to the water and arrest the motion of the vessel;
wherein one of the plurality of first stanchions, one of the plurality of second stanchions extending between the first one of the buoyant members and the net support member, and another one of the plurality of second stanchions extending between a second one of the buoyant members and the net support member are attached to each other to form a truss, the truss having fittings joining adjacent stanchions of the truss to each other, the truss configured to connect the first and second buoyant members and the net support member.

US Pat. No. 10,215,539

BARRIER

Defenshield, Inc., St. A...

10. The ballistic barrier of claim 1, wherein the frame includes a top plate and a bottom plate that each extend from the first side of the protective panel.

US Pat. No. 10,215,538

BALLISTIC RESISTANT SHEETS, ARTICLES COMPRISING SUCH SHEETS AND METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

DSM IP ASSETS B.V., Heer...

1. A ballistic resistant sheet in the form of a three-layer hybrid structure, comprising a core layer and face layers joined to respective opposing surfaces of the core layer, wherein the core layer comprises at least one first monolayer comprised of first unidirectionally (UD) oriented fibers and an elastomeric matrix material, and wherein each of the face layers comprise at least one second monolayer comprised of second UD oriented fibers and a non-elastomeric matrix material.

US Pat. No. 10,215,537

MODULAR CERAMIC COMPOSITE ANTIBALLISTIC ARMOR

1. A lightweight, composite antiballistic plate assembly comprising interlocking ceramic elements are backed by a ductile backing material that is completely encapsulated in a ductile prepreg material selected from aramid, e-glass, s-glass, and carbon fiber prepregs.

US Pat. No. 10,215,536

HARD POINT NET

Foster-Miller, Inc., Wal...

1. A hard point net comprising:a fabric net having hexagonal net line cells with six nodes;hard points attached to the net lines, three per hexagonal cell at every other node thereof such that in each cell there is a node without a hard point between two nodes with hard points and interior cells sharing hard points with all the cells surrounding it; anda frame for the net spacing the net and the hard points from a target.

US Pat. No. 10,215,535

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND ASSEMBLY FOR ADAPTIVELY SHIELDING A STRUCTURE

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A system for adaptively shielding a structure, the system comprising:an armor assembly comprising one or more armor modules, wherein each of the one or more armor modules comprises one or more electromagnets coupled to a housing that retains a plurality of shielding particles, wherein the one or more electromagnets are configured to be activated in response to an impending threat of a projectile impact, wherein the plurality of shielding particles are attracted to the one or more electromagnets to form a shielding barrier in response to activation of the one or more electromagnets, wherein the shielding barrier is configured to absorb at least a portion of a force of the projectile impact.

US Pat. No. 10,215,534

DIGITAL LIGHT PROCESSING GUIDANCE SYSTEM

BAE Systems Information a...

1. A guidance system comprising:a laser source configured to generate a plurality of pulsed signals comprising pulse repetition interval information, wherein the plurality of pulsed signals are transmitted in a pattern;
an air-borne device comprising a retroreflector and a laser range finder, the laser range finder comprising a first PIN detector and a second PIN detector, where the first PIN detector is polarized and the second PIN detector is non-polarized, wherein the air-borne device receives the plurality of pulsed signals and the retroreflector generates a plurality of reflected pulsed signals;
a control receiver comprising:
a digital light processing mirror array configured to detect the plurality of reflected pulsed signals returned by the retroreflector; and
an air-borne controller configured to guide the air-borne device using the plurality of pulsed signals comprising the pulse repetition interval information.

US Pat. No. 10,215,533

SYSTEM FOR GUIDING MISSILES FOR VEHICLES AND MOVING TARGETS

CMI DEFENCE S.A., Loncin...

1. An armored vehicle comprising:a turret including a cannon;
a sight system installed in the turret, the sight system including a day channel, a night or thermal channel, and a laser telemeter, the sight system further including a sight line gyrostabilizer configured to provide a line of sight which is gyrostabilized relative to an inertial frame of reference;
a power control system configured to command movement of the turret in azimuth and movement of the cannon in elevation;
a laser missile guidance device configured to generate a laser guidance line, the laser missile guidance device including a laser line gyrostabilizer configured to gyrostabilize the laser guidance line with respect to the gyrostabilized line of sight provided by the sight line gyrostabilizer such that the laser guidance line is continuously parallel to the gyrostabilized line of sight, the laser line gyrostabilizer comprising a servo-controlled motorized platform rotatable about at least two axes, in elevation and in azimuth; and
a turret network controller configured to determine a missile guidance mode,
wherein the laser missile guidance device is mechanically independent from the sight system.

US Pat. No. 10,215,531

TESTING SYSTEM FOR OPTICAL AIMING SYSTEMS WITH LIGHT EMITTER SYSTEMS INCLUDING TESTING SYSTEM FOR THERMAL DRIFT AND RELATED METHODS

The United States of Amer...

1. A system for testing for thermal drift in an optical sight system comprising:a support structure;
a low thermal expansion material rail with mounting structures coupled with the support structure, said mounting structures configured to receive and retain an optical sight system configured to generate a light signal along an optical path;
a thermal chamber with a controls system and a heating and cooling system configured to attain and maintain a predetermined temperature in the thermal chamber, wherein the thermal chamber is configured with an aperture configured to receive and pass through a portion of the low thermal expansion material rail into the thermal chamber, said thermal chamber further comprises a transparent section adapted to permit the light signal to pass through the transparent section along the optical path;
a dry air expansion chamber coupled or disposed in relationship to said thermal chamber and surrounding a portion of said optical path exiting said transparent section to permit said light signal to pass through said dry air expansion chamber, wherein the transparent section is configured to maintain a temperature to prevent fogging or condensation on said transparent section;
an open air reflective collimator positioned in said optical path exiting said dry air expansion chamber and redirecting said light signal to a second optical path;
a camera imager system configured to receive said light signal along said second optical path and convert said light signal into a plurality of electronic or digital signals; and
a test control and processing system coupled with the camera imager system adapted to receive a plurality of electronic signals or digital signals, record said electronic signals or digital signals, and then perform image processing comprising noise reduction, locating a centroid of each image capture of said light signal, determining a thermal drift of the light signal in the image captures, and generating an output report on an output system comprising a graphic or data showing a comparison of the recorded electronic or digital signals in at least some selected image captures of said light signal.

US Pat. No. 10,215,530

LASER FIREARM SIGHT APPARATUS

1. A firearm sight apparatus comprising:a. a housing comprising a body and a coupling member, with
i. a proximal end of the housing defining an internally threaded bore configured for rotatably engaging onto a muzzle of a firearm barrel having external threads;
ii. the body of the housing having a distal end with a bottom, and the body further defining a plurality of slots, defining an opening at the bottom of the housing body, and defining a hollow interior chamber, with the chamber having a distal opening and an opposing opening with the chamber openings each being aligned with the housing bore, with the chamber having a diameter larger than a diameter of the firearm barrel to create an air gap adapted as an insulator against heat from the firearm muzzle, and with the bottom of the housing body having the plurality of slots and the chamber distal opening each extending therethrough; and
iii. the coupling member defining a hole corresponding to the bottom opening of the housing body for the chamber distal opening to receive a projectile therethrough, with the coupling member hole being affixed to the bottom of the housing body, and with the distal end of the housing body and the coupling member each being removably and slidably insertable over the threaded muzzle of the firearm barrel;
b. a light source having a plurality of illuminating members, one of each of the plurality of illuminating members being positioned within one of each of the plurality of slots, with each of the plurality of slots configured and arranged around the housing in a concentric ring, wherein each of the plurality of illuminating members emit a beam of light; and
c. an activating mechanism having a switching member and a power source, with the switching member being in operative communication with the plurality of illuminating members to actuate each of the illuminating members, and with the power source being in communication with the plurality of illuminating members to power each of the illuminating members;
d. wherein, upon activation of the plurality of illuminating members, the firearm is aimed at a target of interest, with the target of interest being aligned within the concentric ring of the emitted beams from the illuminating members, wherein the beams from the illuminating members encapsulate the path of the projectile toward the target of interest at a distance X until the projectile begins to fall away from both the plane of the firearm barrel and the beams of the illuminating members as the projectile reaches a distance Y from the firearm; and
e. wherein the housing is capable of being installed onto different muzzles of different firearms without further adjusting the housing for use as a sight apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,215,529

ACCESSORY MOUNT FOR RIFLE ACCESSORY RAIL, COMMUNICATION, AND POWER TRANSFER SYSTEM—ACCESSORY ATTACHMENT

Prototype Productions Inc...

1. A firearm system for providing power to a power-consuming accessory attached to the firearm, the firearm system comprising:a power source for providing a predetermined voltage;
at least one mounting rail electrically connected to the power source and having at least one power connection which presents the predetermined voltage and at least one depressible switch; and
a power-consuming accessory attached to the at least one mounting rail, comprising:
a DC-DC converter, located in the power-consuming accessory, electrically connected to the at least one power connection which presents the predetermined voltage, for converting the predetermined voltage to a voltage required by the power-consuming accessory,
a power-consuming accessory controller including circuitry defining power on/off states for the power-consuming accessory based on a plurality of selectors associated with the power-consuming accessory, and
at least one plunger configured to depress the at least one depressible switch and at least one electrical contact configured to provide an electrical connection with the at least one power connection.

US Pat. No. 10,215,528

RIFLE GRIP DEVICE

1. A rifle grip device, the device comprising:a. a body configured to be attached to a grip interface of a firearm, the body having a first end and a second end, the first end comprising a receiver contour depression configured to mate with a firearm receiver and the second end comprising a stock contour depression configured to mate with a firearm stock;
b. a rigid receiver plate disposed on the body first end, the rigid receiver plate having a planar shaped receiver mating surface;
c. a stock plate disposed on the body second end, the stock plate having a stock mating surface disposed between the rigid receiver plate and the second end;
d. a first finger ridge disposed on the body;
e. a first finger surface extending along the body and onto the first finger ridge, wherein the first finger surface is generally horizontally aligned between the first end and second end of the body; and
f. the stock contour depression recessed within the stock mating surface, the stock contour depression configured to receive portions of the firearm stock.

US Pat. No. 10,215,527

FIREARM ACCESSORY MOUNTING ADAPTERS

Midwest Industries, Inc.,...

1. A firearm accessory mounting system, the system comprising:a hand guard configured to extend about a portion of a barrel of a firearm; and
a first engagement interface defined by a portion of the hand guard, the first engagement interface defined by a plurality of guard channels that extend in a row along the hand guard such that a longitudinal axis of each guard channel is aligned along a longitudinal axis of the row of guard channels, each of the plurality of guard channels associated with the first engagement interface being symmetric relative to a longitudinal axis associated with the row and one of symmetric or asymmetric relative to a lateral axis oriented perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the row; and
an adapter having a first side that is shaped to cooperate with the first engagement interface at various locations along the row and a second side that faces an opposite direction with respect to the first side, the second side of the adapter defining a second engagement interface defined by a plurality of adapter channels that extend in an adapter channel row along the adapter such that a longitudinal axis of each adapter channel is aligned along the longitudinal axis of the adapter channel row, each of the plurality of longitudinal adapter channels associated with the second engagement interface being symmetric relative to the longitudinal axis associated with the adapter channel row and the other of symmetric or asymmetric relative to a lateral adapter axis oriented perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the respective adapter channel and perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the row of longitudinal channels associated with the first engagement interface.

US Pat. No. 10,215,525

PNEUMATIC AIR GUN

ZHONGSHAN NEW SWAN TECHNO...

1. A pneumatic air gun, comprising:a gun support;
a barrel disposed on the gun support;
a valve body;
a pressure gauge;
an air compression assembly;
an energy storage assembly; and
a triggering assembly;whereinthe air compression assembly is connected to the energy storage assembly, and the energy storage assembly is connected to the valve body;
the triggering assembly comprises a trigger support fixed to the gun support, and a pull-bolt assembly, a trigger, a trigger button, and a hammer which are disposed on the trigger support;
a spring is attached to the hammer; the trigger is connected to the trigger button;
the pull-bolt assembly comprises a loading thimble adapted to slide on the gun support; the loading thimble is movably connected to the hammer and adapted to control the hammer to reset and clamp on the trigger button;
the energy storage assembly comprises an air pump and a check valve disposed at one end of the air pump; the air pump is a three-stage air pump;
the valve body comprises an air release passage adapted to connect the check valve and the barrel;
the air release passage is provided with an air release valve for controlling an opening and closing of an air channel; the air release passage between the air release valve and the barrel is provided with a speed-regulation valve for regulating an air flow; the air release valve is provided with a slider for controlling the opening or closing of the air release passage; and
the slider is positioned at the end of a striking travel of the hammer.

US Pat. No. 10,215,524

COMPACT AND ERGONOMIC BALL-LAUNCHING DOG TOY

Gramercy Products, Inc., ...

1. A ball-launching device comprising:a housing having a first end and a second end, said housing comprising: an opening at said first end defining an interior surface of a cavity;
a ball holder with at least a portion thereof disposed in said housing cavity and being configured to slide in a direction away from a first position being proximate to said opening at said housing first end, to a second position in said cavity;
means for biasing said ball holder toward said first position;
a cocking member configured to releasably engage with said ball holder, and with at least a portion thereof configured to be slidable within said housing cavity; and wherein said cocking member is configured to be actuated to oppose said biasing and move said cocking member toward said second end of said housing into a cocked position, for said ball holder, when engaged therewith, to move from said first position to a corresponding cocked position;
a latch configured to releasably secure said cocking member at said cocked position, said latch comprising:
a plurality of ratchet teeth successively positioned between said first end and said second end of said housing; and
a pawl pivotally mounted to said cocking member, with a portion of said pawl configured to engage at least one of said plurality of ratchet teeth at said cocked position;
a trigger assembly configured, when actuated, to trigger said cocking member to disengage from said ball holder, for said means for biasing to accelerate said ball holder towards said first position to launch the ball therefrom;
wherein said trigger assembly comprises:
an elongated arm, said elongated arm comprising:
a plurality of teeth being successively positioned along a length of said elongated arm; and
a pair of shaped openings;
and
a trigger configured to engage said elongated arm and to move with respect to said housing from a first trigger position to a second trigger position;
wherein said cocking member comprises:
a hook configured to pivot;
a spring configured to bias said hook to automatically engage a lip of said ball holder, when said cocking member is moved into proximity with said ball holder at said first ball holder position, to be releasably coupled thereto;
wherein said housing comprises:
a pair of pins protruding into said housing cavity; and
wherein said pair of shaped openings on said elongated arm of said trigger assembly are respectively mounted to said pair of pins and configured to respectively track thereon when said trigger is moved from said first trigger position to said second trigger position, to cause at least one of said plurality of teeth of said elongated arm to releasably engage said hook and cause said hook to disengage from said lip of said ball holder, to disengage said cocking member from said ball holder.

US Pat. No. 10,215,523

SAFETY SYSTEM FOR A SPEARGUN

1. A safety mechanism for a speargun, said mechanism comprising:a receiver having a posterior end, an anterior end, a top side, a bottom side, a left side, a right side and an interior cavity capable of hosting additional parts of the safety mechanism, including a safety lever, said receiver further having an opening at the anterior end capable of receiving a spear shaft;
a trigger rotationally mounted between the left side and the right side of the receiver by means of a pivot point at a location just anterior to the safety lever;
the safety lever rotationally mounted between the left side and the right side of the receiver by means of a pivot point, said safety lever having portions both external to the posterior end of the receiver and internal to the posterior end of the receiver, said external portion of the safety lever, when pushed towards the anterior end of the receiver, prevents travel of the trigger towards the posterior end of the receiver;
a tensioning device coupled on one end to the trigger and at the other end to an attachment point proximal to the bottom side of the anterior end of the receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,215,521

TITANIUM OFFSET STRING BUMPER

1. A titanium offset string bumper comprising:a bumper rod includes a base portion, an offset portion and a bumper portion, one end of said offset portion extends from said base portion at an angle of less than 90 degrees, one end of said bumper portion extends from an opposing end of said offset portion at an angle of less than 90 degrees, said offset portion is fixedly retained relative to said base portion and said bumper portion, said bumper rod is fabricated from titanium; and
a rubber bumper includes a rod bore, said rod bore is sized to receive an opposing end of said bumper portion.

US Pat. No. 10,215,519

AMBIDEXTROUS BOLT ACTION RIFLE CHASSIS AND PLUG

Drake Associates, Inc., ...

1. An ambidextrous chassis for a firearm, the chassis comprising:a first sidewall and a second sidewall defining a trigger well configured to receive a trigger mechanism, each of the first and second sidewalls defining a cutout adjacent the trigger well, each of the cutouts sized and dimensioned to receive a plug, each of the cutouts configured to receive a lever arm of a bolt action when the bolt action is in a locked and closed position;
a plug received within the cutout of the first sidewall such that the plug seals the first sidewall adjacent the trigger well of the chassis, the plug having an outer surface facing away from a longitudinal axis of the chassis, the outer surface being flush with the first sidewall.

US Pat. No. 10,215,518

CARTRIDGE EXTRACTOR FOR FIREARMS

1. A cartridge extractor for a firearm, comprising:a body having a curved inner surface and a curved outer surface;
a bevel formed at one end of the body on the curved inner surface;
a support brace positioned proximate to the bevel, the support brace formed on the curved outer surface and being positioned intentionally off center relative to a longitudinal centerline of the body, the support brace having a width greater than 0.095 inches.

US Pat. No. 10,215,517

CALIBER MODIFICATION USING MODULAR FIRE CONTROL GROUP

Palmetto State Armory, LL...

1. A caliber modification system for an existing rifle platform comprising:a lower receiver;
the lower receiver comprising:
an independent fire control group comprising a trigger;
a fore end comprising a pivot pin and a fore end fire control group interface that; wherein
the fore end fire control group interface is removably affixed to the independent fire control group; and
the pivot pin is configured to interface with an upper receiver of the existing rifle platform;
a rear module comprising a rear module control group interface that is removably affixed to the independent fire control group and a buffer tube interface;
wherein the fire control group, the fore end, and rear module are separable from one another and when combined form the lower receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,215,515

FIREARM MAGAZINE HAVING NOSE-DRIVE-CONTROL SPRINGS

I.P. HOLDING GROUP I, LLC...

1. A cartridge magazine for housing a plurality of stacked cartridges and successively dispensing and guiding an uppermost one of the stacked cartridges from the magazine forward toward an inclined ramp leading to a chamber of a barrel of a firearm, the magazine comprising:a housing portion comprising a front wall, a rear wall, first and second side walls, and a pair of cartridge retaining lips, each of the first and second side walls being between the front wall and the rear wall, the front, rear and side walls defining a cartridge compartment extending along a housing axis, the cartridge compartment being adapted to contain a plurality of stacked cartridges, the cartridge compartment having a lower region and an upper region, the cartridge retaining lips being disposed along a respective upper edge margin of each of the first and second side walls, the cartridge compartment adapted and configured to contain two overlapping columns of cartridges in a staggered configuration;
a magazine follower within the cartridge compartment, the magazine follower being adapted and configured to move within the cartridge compartment generally along the housing axis, the magazine follower having a first portion and a second portion, the first portion and second portion running parallel to the first and second side walls, the second portion elevated above the first portion to facilitate stacking the cartridges in the staggered configuration;
a follower urging spring within the cartridge compartment, the follower urging spring being adapted and configured to urge the magazine follower toward the upper region of the cartridge compartment;
a first nose-dive control spring and a second nose-dive control spring, each said nose-drive control spring comprising a resilient shank portion and a case-engageable end portion adapted and configured to engage with a case of a cartridge, the shank portion extending from one of the side walls to the case-engageable end portion, each said nose-dive control spring being adapted and configured such that as a cartridge moves upwardly along the longitudinal housing axis, the case-engageable end portion is engaged by the case of the cartridge and forced outwardly until a part of the lower portion of the case moves upwardly beyond the case-engageable end portion and the shank portion subsequently resiliently urges the case-engageable end portion inwardly into the upper portion of the cartridge compartment and under a lower portion of the case thereby urging the cartridge into a retaining lips engaging position, the retaining lips engaging position being a position of the cartridge relative to the cartridge magazine in which the case of the cartridge engages the cartridge retaining lips while the respective first and second nose-dive control spring engages the case of the cartridge and at least a portion of the cartridge extends above at least a portion of the upper edge margin of the first side wall and a portion of the upper edge margin of the second side wall, each said nose-dive control spring being adapted and configured to prevent the cartridge from moving into a nose-dive orientation as a breech face of the firearm pushes the cartridge forward toward the inclined ramp of the firearm.