US Pat. No. 10,168,267

ROTATIONAL SPEED DETECTION DEVICE, VISCOSITY MEASUREMENT DEVICE USING THE DEVICE, ROTATIONAL SPEED DETECTION METHOD, AND ROTATING OBJECT USED IN THE METHOD

KYOTO ELECTRONICS MANUFAC...

1. A rotational speed detection device comprising:a rotating object;
a light emitting unit of emitting laser light to the rotating object;
a light receiving unit of receiving light reflected by the rotating object after being emitted from the light emitting unit to the rotating object, the light having a speckle pattern;
a received light data obtaining unit of obtaining received light data of the light received by the light receiving unit; and
a rotational speed calculation unit of calculating a rotational speed of the rotating object based on the received light data received by the received light data obtaining unit,whereinthe rotating object is placed in a container of a transparent or translucent material capable of transmitting light, has a spherical shape having a radius of curvature smaller than the radius of curvature of a bottom inner surface of the container, has a rotating surface, and an irregular uneven portion on the rotating surface, the uneven portions having projections and depressions to generate a speckle pattern by interference of light reflected by different points on the uneven portions,
in the uneven portion, a distance between bottom portions of adjacent depressions and a distance between top portions of adjacent projections have a length that is one hundredth or less of a maximum perimeter of the rotating object, and is ten times or more a wavelength of the light emitted by the light emitting unit,
the light emitting unit is positioned so that an optical axis of the laser light is substantially coaxial with a rotation axis of the rotating object, and is configured to emit the laser light to a circular region having a center at the rotation axis,
the light receiving unit includes a single light receiving unit positioned to face a surface of the rotating object which is illuminated with the laser light,
the received light data obtaining unit obtains time-series data of received light data of light reflected by the uneven portion, and received light intensity in the time-series data varies periodically to draw the same waveform each time the rotating object rotates one revolution, and
the rotational speed calculation unit calculates the rotational speed of the rotating object from periodicity of the time-series data.

US Pat. No. 10,168,266

PORTABLE VISCOMETER AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING CAPILLARY TUBE FOR MEASURING VISCOSITY

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A portable viscometer comprising:a body; and
a measuring unit disposed on one side of the body,
wherein the measuring unit comprises:
a detachable capillary tube; and
a first sensor and a second sensor which are disposed adjacent to the capillary tube including a bead therein,
wherein the bead is fixed on the inner surface of the capillary tube by a fixing compound.

US Pat. No. 10,168,265

PORTABLE APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR ANALYZING INJECTION FLUIDS

CHEVRON U.S.A. INC., San...

1. A portable apparatus for analyzing an injection fluid, the apparatus comprising a housing encompassing one or more components of the portable apparatus, wherein the components of the portable apparatus comprise:an inlet to receive the injection fluid;
a pre-filter coupled to the inlet;
three analytical modules, wherein the three analytical modules comprise a surrogate core, a capillary viscometer, and a filter;
a pump coupled to the pre-filter to direct the injection fluid from the pre-filter through the three analytical modules;
one or more pressure transducers, wherein the one or more pressure transducers comprise a pressure transducer coupled to the pre-filter to measure a differential pressure of the injection fluid across the pre-filter, a pressure transducer coupled to the surrogate core to measure a differential pressure of the injection fluid across the surrogate core, a pressure transducer coupled to the capillary viscometer to measure a differential pressure of the injection fluid across the capillary viscometer, and a pressure transducer coupled to the filter to measure an absolute pressure of the injection fluid to be filtered through the filter;
a data acquisition system (DAS) that receives data from the one or more pressure transducers and calculates a property of the injection fluid from the data; and
a power supply coupled to the pump, the one or more pressure transducers, and the data acquisition system to provide power.

US Pat. No. 10,168,263

HANDHELD CONSTANT-STIFFNESS RING SHEAR APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR USING SAME

SHENZHEN UNIVERSITY, (CN...

1. A handheld constant-stiffness ring shear apparatus, comprising a base and an annular rigid frame arranged on the base in a sleeved mode, characterized in that an annular upper cover is buckled to the top of the rigid frame, a pressure transmission plate is fixed to the upper portion of the upper cover, a rotary shaft is perpendicularly arranged in the center of the base, the rotary shaft penetrates through the pressure transmission plate and is fixed to the pressure transmission plate, a spanner is fixed to the top end of the rotary shaft, and a digital display instrument is embedded in the spanner; a spring support is fixed to the side wall of the base, spring guide rods are perpendicularly fixed under the spring support, the upper ends of the spring guide rods are sleeved with limiting nuts, the portions, below the limiting nuts, of the spring guide rods are sleeved with springs, and sliding blocks are pressed to the lower ends of the springs and arranged on the pressure transmission plate; a first clamp is connected between the upper ends of the springs and the pressure transmission plate, and a first dial indicator is mounted on the first clamp; a dial indicator support is further fixed to the side wall of the base and connected with the pressure transmission plate through a second clamp, and a second dial indicator is mounted on the second clamp; the overall dimensions of the handheld constant-stiffness ring shear apparatus are 200 mm*120* mm*240 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,168,262

PRETENSIONER SYSTEM AND METHODS

Rehabilitation Institute ...

1. A device for measuring the tension applied to a suture, comprising:a metal bar having a top surface and a bottom surface;
a member comprising a first end and a second end, the member being positioned perpendicular to the top surface of the metal bar so as to apply through its first end an initial pre-determined constant tension to a point on the top surface of the metal bar when a tension is not applied to the suture;
the member configured to engage at its second end at a first point with the suture;
a housing for the metal bar, wherein the housing comprises an opening for insertion of the member,
wherein the second end of the member is sized to prevent removal of the second end of the member through the opening of the housing; and
a sensor for detecting an amount of deformation of the metal bar, wherein a tension applied to the suture causes the member to deform the metal bar.

US Pat. No. 10,168,261

STRUCTURE FOR ACHIEVING DIMENSIONAL STABILITY DURING TEMPERATURE CHANGES

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A sample holding stage for a measurement instrument, the sample holding stage comprising:a sample holder comprising:
a sample platform having an upper surface upon which a sample may be placed and a lower surface disposed below the upper surface; and
a tubular support stem having a stem upper portion that is rigidly affixed to the lower surface of the sample platform and a stem lower portion disposed below the stem upper portion;
a support structure comprising:
a base member that is rigidly affixed to the stem lower portion;
a tubular wall member having a wall lower portion that is rigidly affixed to the base member and a wall upper portion disposed above the wall lower portion; and
a lip member affixed to the tubular wall member, the lip member having a central opening; and
a housing comprising:
a central bore into which are received the base member and the tubular wall member of the support structure; and
an upper ledge at least partially surrounding an upper portion of the central bore,
wherein the lip member of the support structure is rigidly affixed to the upper ledge of the housing,
wherein the tubular support stem of the sample holder is disposed inside the tubular wall member of the support structure,
wherein at least a portion of the sample platform of the sample holder is disposed inside the central opening of the lip member of the support structure,
wherein the sample platform can move axially with respect to the tubular wall member of the support structure due to thermal expansion or contraction,
wherein the base member of the support structure can move axially with respect to the housing due to thermal expansion or contraction, and
wherein the net axial displacement of the upper surface of the sample platform with respect to the upper ledge of the housing due to thermal expansion or contraction is no greater than 10 nanometers per degree change in temperature over a range of 25° C. to 1000° C.

US Pat. No. 10,168,260

SELF-FILLING SOIL PROCESSING CHAMBER WITH DYNAMIC EXTRACTANT VOLUME

WINFIELD SOLUTIONS, LLC, ...

1. A soil analysis device comprising:one or more reservoirs configured to store an extractant and/or a cleaning fluid;
a mixing chamber coupled to the one or more reservoirs and configured to receive the extractant from the one or more reservoirs and to receive raw soil samples;
a mixing assembly coupled to the mixing chamber and configured to mix contents of the mixing chamber;
a measurement cell coupled to the mixing chamber and configured to analyze a soil sample solution;
a drain box coupled to the mixing chamber and configured to evacuate the contents of the mixing chamber; and
a control system configured to:
cause the mixing chamber to receive an amount of the extractant from the one or more reservoirs;
cause the mixing chamber to receive a raw soil sample;
cause the mixing assembly to mix contents of the mixing chamber to produce the soil sample solution;
cause the measurement cell to receive and analyze the soil sample solution;
cause the drain box to evacuate a substantial portion of the soil sample solution from the mixing chamber;
cause the mixing chamber to receive an amount of the cleaning fluid from the one or more reservoirs;
cause the mixing assembly to move the amount of the cleaning fluid within the mixing chamber to clean leftover particulates of the soil sample solution from the mixing chamber; and
cause the drain box to evacuate the amount of the cleaning fluid from the mixing chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,168,259

MICROFLUIDIC DEVICES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS FOR IMAGING TISSUE SAMPLES

University of Notre Dame,...

1. A microfluidic device for imaging a tissue sample, the device comprising:a tissue chamber defined by a plurality of walls, at least one of the plurality of walls being transparent;
a deformable membrane disposed within the tissue chamber such that a lower surface of the deformable membrane and a surface of the at least one transparent wall define the tissue chamber, the deformable membrane being configured to oscillate, upon application of pressure thereto, to induce a downward liquid flow onto the tissue sample;
at least one pressure line in fluid communication with the tissue chamber, the pressure line being in fluid communication with an upper surface of the deformable membrane to apply pressure to the upper surface of the deformable membrane;
a liquid inlet channel that includes a liquid inlet and is in fluid communication with the tissue chamber; and
a liquid outlet channel that includes a liquid outlet and is in fluid communication with the tissue chamber;
wherein the tissue chamber is sized and dimensioned to completely immobilize the tissue sample during imaging;
wherein the tissue chamber further includes:
a first electrode that is connected to the liquid inlet channel and is spaced apart from the tissue chamber, the first electrode being located adjacent the liquid inlet; and
a second electrode that is connected to the liquid outlet channel and is spaced apart from the tissue chamber and the first electrode, the second electrode being located adjacent the liquid outlet.

US Pat. No. 10,168,257

SAMPLE PROCESSING SYSTEM

BioGenex Laboratories, In...

1. An apparatus comprising:a sample processing system programmed to create a micro-chamber containing a sample on a substrate, the sample processing system further comprising:
a cover dispenser;
a robotic head configured to move relative to the cover dispenser and the substrate; and
an effector coupled to the robotic head, the effector being configured to grip and release micro-chamber covers;
a plurality of temperature control assemblies being programmed to actively heat and to actively cool a plurality of substrates independently of each other concurrently; and
a controller, the controller having a processor being programmed with computer executable instructions to selectively control the robotic head and the effector to remove a micro-chamber cover from the cover dispenser, to move the micro-chamber cover to a specified position, to place the micro-chamber cover on the substrate, and to remove the micro-chamber cover from the substrate,
wherein the micro-chamber comprises a reservoir formed on the substrate, a micro-chamber cover and a vesicle coupled to the micro-chamber cover and containing a substance to be dispensed in the reservoir;
the controller having a processor being programmed with computer executable instructions to control each of the plurality of temperature control assemblies to actively heat and to actively cool the plurality of substrates independently of each other concurrently.

US Pat. No. 10,168,256

SAMPLE PROBE INLET FLOW SYSTEM

SMITHS DETECTION-WATFORD ...

1. A system comprising:a sample detector comprising a sample receiving port configured to obtain a sample from a fluid flow to be analysed by the sample detector,
an extraction port arranged to draw the fluid flow toward the extraction port for sampling by the sample receiving port, wherein the extraction port is arranged relative to the sample receiving port so that the fluid flow towards the extraction port at least partially surrounds the sample receiving port,
an inlet assembly for receiving a sample probe arranged to enable a probe inserted to the inlet assembly to provide a sample into the fluid flow; and
a curtain port, spaced from the extraction port in the inlet assembly to provide a fluid to flow towards the extraction port around the probe.

US Pat. No. 10,168,255

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING AIR EMISSIONS DURING PIG RECEIVER DEPRESSURIZATION

MARKWEST ENERGY PARTNERS,...

1. A method to characterize emissions during pig receiver depressurization, the method comprising:isolating pressurized gas flow between a pipeline and a pig receiver, the pig receiver having a receiver barrel and a pig disposed therein;
controlling a valve to release pressurized gas from the pig receiver as exhaust gas into an exhaust gas line that is in fluid communication with the pig receiver;
ascertaining mass flow rate and exhaust pressure of the exhaust gas, the exhaust gas line having a slip stream in fluid communication therewith;
obtaining a plurality of exhaust gas samples from the slip stream over a range of different exhaust pressures;
measuring sampling time periods for each of the plurality of exhaust gas samples;
measuring elapsed times from when pressurized gas is first released from the pig receiver to when each of the plurality of exhaust gas samples is obtained;
analyzing each of the plurality of exhaust gas samples after supplied to and with one or more gas analyzers to identify a plurality of gas components; and
determining a percentage of each gas component identified in each of the plurality of exhaust gas samples.

US Pat. No. 10,168,254

SYSTEM OF MEASURING EQUIPMENT PERFORMANCE AND DEVICE THEREFOR

Raven Telemetry Inc., Ot...

1. A device for measuring equipment performance comprising:a sensor for collecting data pertaining to functionality of a piece of equipment without interactive communication between the sensor and the piece of equipment, the sensor detecting one or more of motion, temperature, light, air flow, electromagnetic radiation, vibration, mechanical force, acceleration, and sound, the data pertaining to functionality of the piece of equipment comprising time the piece of equipment is performing useful work and time the piece of equipment is idle;
a microprocessor containing an algorithm for receiving the data pertaining to the functionality of the piece of equipment, and converting the data related to functionality of the piece of equipment into equipment utilization metrics; and
a transmitter for transmitting the equipment utilization metrics to an equipment operator;
wherein the equipment utilization metrics are used to monitor and improve equipment utilization to maximize the time that the piece of equipment is performing useful work.

US Pat. No. 10,168,253

MARINE RISER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM INCLUDING SUBSEA ACOUSTIC MONITORING PLATFORM AND AN ASSOCIATED METHOD

General Electric Company,...

1. A marine riser management system comprising:a marine riser comprising a plurality of riser joints coupled one to another;
an on-vessel monitor to receive communications via a topside acoustic transceiver of a condition of at least one of the plurality of riser joints of the marine riser; and
a plurality of subsea sensing and acoustic platforms, wherein each of the plurality of subsea sending and acoustic platforms is mechanically coupled to a respective riser joint of the marine riser, wherein each of the subsea sensing and acoustic platforms monitors and manages at least one of a condition and sensor data of the respective riser joint to which it is coupled, each of the at least one subsea sensing and acoustic platforms comprising:
one or more sensors mechanically coupled to the respective riser joint;
a microprocessor operably coupled to the one or more sensors to receive and analyze sensor data from the one or more sensors;
a memory module operably coupled to the microprocessor and including one or more software modules executable by the microprocessor and configured to provide data storage, the one or more software modules including instructions that when executed by the microprocessor provide data representative of a determination of a condition of the respective riser joint;
an acoustic modem operably coupled to the microprocessor to receive the data representative of a determination of a condition of the respective riser joint and communicate the condition of the respective riser joint to the on-vessel monitor via the topside acoustic transceiver in real-time; and
a power module configured to provide power to the one or more sensors, the microprocessor, the memory module and the acoustic modem,
the on-vessel monitor operable to determine a physical responsive action based on the communicated condition of the respective riser joint and communicate in real-time to the acoustic modem, via the topside acoustic transceiver, the determined physical responsive action via one or more remote command configurations and operational parameters, wherein the determined physical responsive action includes at least one of (i) adjusting the tension of the marine riser; (ii) replacing the marine riser; or (iii) lengthening an inspection interval for one or more of the plurality of riser joints.

US Pat. No. 10,168,252

METHODS AND APPARATUS TO FACILITATE TIRE FORCE ESTIMATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:sensors to generate vehicle dynamics information (VDI);
a processor and memory in communication with the sensors and configured to:
estimate relative pitch and roll angles using the VDI;
estimate a normal tire force using the relative pitch and roll angles;
estimate a tire rolling resistance using the normal tire force; and
estimate longitudinal and lateral tire forces using the rolling resistance;
generate a warning when one or more of the tire forces exceeds a vehicle dynamics threshold; and
a display in communication with the processor and configured to display the warning.

US Pat. No. 10,168,251

UNIVERSAL BUCK FOR SLED TEST

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A universal buck for a sled test, comprising:a support plate;
a plurality of pillars mounted on the support plate;
a roof mounted on at least some of the plurality of pillars; and
a wind shield mounted between pillars disposed on a front side among the plurality of pillars and a front end of the roof,
wherein the plurality of pillars, the roof, and the wind shield are mounted to be adjustable in position on the support plate, and
wherein the support plate includes a plurality of support units disposed to be symmetrical on both left and right sides thereof, the plurality of support units are configured to slidably support the plurality of pillars, respectively, and the plurality of pillars are mounted to be adjustable in position on the plurality of support units, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,168,250

ABNORMALITY DIAGNOSIS DEVICE AND ABNORMALITY DIAGNOSIS METHOD FOR INTAKE SYSTEM OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An abnormality diagnosis device applied to an internal combustion engine having an intake system equipped with a supercharger that pumps air to diagnose leakage abnormality in the intake system downstream from the supercharger, the internal combustion engine including an air flowmeter provided upstream from the supercharger in the intake system, a throttle valve provided downstream from the supercharger in the intake system, and an intake pressure sensor provided downstream from the throttle valve in the intake system,the abnormality diagnosis device comprising:
a first air amount calculation unit configured to calculate a first air amount that is an intake air amount obtained from a detection value of the air flowmeter;
a second air amount calculation unit configured to calculate a second air amount that is an intake air amount obtained from a detection value of the intake pressure sensor;
a ratio calculation unit configured to calculate a ratio of the first air amount to the second air amount;
a supercharging region determination unit configured to determine whether or not the internal combustion engine is driven in a supercharging region;
a first setting unit configured to set, as a supercharging region monitoring value, the ratio obtained when the supercharging region determination unit determines that the internal combustion engine is driven in the supercharging region;
a second setting unit configured to set, as a non-supercharging region monitoring value, the ratio obtained when the supercharging region determination unit determines that the internal combustion engine is driven in a non-supercharging region; and
an abnormality determination unit configured to determine presence or absence of the leakage abnormality based on a deviation degree between the supercharging region monitoring value and the non-supercharging region monitoring value.

US Pat. No. 10,168,249

MAGNETIC TRANSMISSION PARK POSITION SENSOR

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A transmission range selection sensor comprising:a housing defining a bore extending along a central axis;
a magnet carrier slideably disposed within the bore;
a magnet attached to and moveable with the magnet carrier, with the magnet generating a magnetic field defining a magnetic flux;
a first magnetic sensor attached to the housing and positioned at a first axial position along the central axis;
a second magnetic sensor attached to the housing and positioned at a second axial position along the central axis, with the second axial position spaced from the first axial position along the central axis;
wherein a position of the magnet carrier along the central axis is determinable from a sensed magnetic flux from the first magnet sensor and a sensed magnetic flux from the second magnetic sensor; and
at least one magnetic flux concentrator attached to one of the magnet carrier or the housing and operable to concentrate the magnetic flux toward at least one of the first magnetic sensor or the second magnetic sensor depending upon a position of the magnet along the central axis.

US Pat. No. 10,168,248

VIBRATION MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS

Tensor Systems Pty Ltd, ...

1. A method of measuring and analyzing vibrations of a mechanical system having a reference shaft and a plurality of rotating components, including the steps of:tabulating in a specification table, gear ratios of the plurality of rotating components relative to the reference shaft in integer form;
establishing a measurement specification and communicating the measurement specification to a digitizer, the measurement specification including a sample rate at which vibration data is to be recorded and operating conditions of the mechanical system that are to be met before vibration data pertaining to the mechanical system is recorded;
recording data from the mechanical system during operation, the data comprising rotational speed of the reference shaft received from a first sensor operatively coupled to the reference shaft and vibration data received from one or more vibration sensors operatively coupled to one or more of the reference shaft and the plurality of rotating components; and
resampling the recorded vibration data using the gear ratios defined in a specification table to obtain vibration data corresponding to the plurality of rotating components or each of the plurality of rotating components,
wherein from the step of resampling there is obtained for analysis a vibration signature for a component of interest at predetermined angular increments,
wherein the step of resampling includes resampling sampled time-domain signal data to generate resampled signals with a fixed number of data points per revolution of a shaft to be analyzed, and
wherein the resampling is performed by:
applying a cubic Hermite spline function to a position map of the reference shaft to produce a series of resample time instants within an interval of one revolution of a shaft to be analyzed, from a set of values obtained from measured signal values obtained over a plurality of revolutions of the shaft to be analyzed; and
interpolating a resampled signal value at each of the resample time instants.

US Pat. No. 10,168,247

METHOD, APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR MINIMALLY INTRUSIVE FIBER IDENTIFICATION

1. An apparatus for detecting a presence of a time-varying modulation in an optical fiber, the apparatus comprising:a first modulating device that facilitates imparting a time-varying signal onto an existing optical signal to generate a propagating optical signal in the optical fiber;
a first adjustable fiber bending device that facilitates bending the optical fiber such that a portion of the propagating optical signal is scattered out of the optical fiber;
a first detector for receiving the portion of the propagating optical signal that is scattered for detecting the presence of the time-varying modulation; and
a lightguide that facilitates guiding the portion of the propagating optical signal that is scattered out of the optical fiber to the first detector.

US Pat. No. 10,168,246

METHODS OF SELECTING OPTICAL FIBERS THAT MEET BANDWIDTH REQUIREMENTS AT DIFFERENT WAVELENGTHS

Corning Incorporated, Co...

1. A method of determining from a set of like optical fibers which of the optical fibers meet a short-wavelength bandwidth requirement BWRS at a short-wavelength ?S and a target-wavelength bandwidth requirement BWRT at a target wavelength ?T>?S, the method comprising:a) obtaining a short-wavelength bandwidth BWS from differential mode delay (DMD) measurement data at the short wavelength ?S;
b) determining a peak wavelength ?P for each optical fiber;
c) calculating a target-wavelength bandwidth BWT at the target wavelength ?T using the determined peak wavelength; and
d) determining which fibers from the set of fibers satisfy the conditions BWRS

US Pat. No. 10,168,245

OPTICALLY-BASED INTERSTORY DRIFT METER SYSTEM FOR RAPID ASSESSMENT OF THE EARTHQUAKE RESPONSE OF BUILDING STRUCTURES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus for measuring interstory drift of a building wherein the building has a reference floor and an adjacent floor immediately adjacent the reference floor, comprising:a laser beam source operatively connected to the reference floor,
a laser beam produced by said laser beam source, said laser beam being a diffracted laser beam having a fan shape directed toward the adjacent floor,
a sensor array operatively connected to the adjacent floor, said sensor array including:
a plurality of parallel rows of sensors, with adjacent rows having sensors offset laterally from one another such that no two immediately adjacent said rows are laterally aligned, and wherein the fan shaped laser beam has a width sufficient to simultaneously span across all the rows of the sensor array; and
the sensor array being positioned to receive said laser beam for measuring interstory drift of the building.

US Pat. No. 10,168,244

GASEOUS FUEL MONITORING FOR WELLSITE PUMPS

HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVIC...

1. A gaseous fuel monitoring system for use with a subterranean well, the system comprising:a gaseous fuel supply enclosure comprising a connector;
an optical line extending along the gaseous fuel supply enclosure across the connector and secured by at least one clamp,
wherein the clamp comprises a highly thermally conductive material having a conductivity of at least 850 Watts per meters Kelvin (W/m*K) contacting both the connector and the optical line; and
an optical interrogator in communication with the optical line to monitor the gaseous fuel supply enclosure by detecting a change in temperature of the clamp.

US Pat. No. 10,168,243

LEAKAGE DETECTOR, LEAKAGE DETECTION METHOD, AND PIPE NETWORK MONITORING APPARATUS

SEKISUI CHEMICAL CO., LTD...

1. A leakage detector for detecting vibration-sounds caused by fluid leakage from a pipeline, comprising a base, a piezoelectric element supported by the base and configured to convert vibration-sounds to an electric signal, and a weight member loaded against the piezoelectric element,wherein the piezoelectric element is made of a polymeric piezoelectric material,
wherein the leakage detector is configured to allow a distance between a support point of the piezoelectric element, supported by a support device, and a load point of the piezoelectric element, loaded by the weight member, to be variably changed in a mechanical manner by a slider to thereby allow the resonant frequency of a system comprising the piezoelectric element and the weight member to be variably changed, and
wherein a resonance frequency of the system comprising the piezoelectric element and the weight member is set in a range of 10 Hz to 1000 Hz.

US Pat. No. 10,168,242

GLOW-PLUG ADAPTOR FOR PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS

Kistler Holding AG, Wint...

1. A pressure measurement apparatus for measuring pressure within the interior of a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine, the apparatus comprising:a chamber wall defining the combustion chamber, the chamber wall further defining a hollow glow-plug socket that is open at both opposite ends thereof and communicating with the interior of the combustion chamber via a chamber opening at one of the open opposite ends of the glow-plug socket; and
a glow-plug adaptor disposed in a pressure-tight manner in the glow plug socket, the glow plug adaptor including:
an adaptor head elongating along a longitudinal axis and defining a proximal combustion chamber end and a distal combustion chamber end disposed opposite the proximal combustion chamber end of the adaptor head, the adaptor head defining an external surface with a sealing shoulder disposed between the proximal combustion chamber end and the distal combustion chamber end and configured for forming a pressure-tight seal upon contacting an opposing surface of the socket, the proximal combustion chamber end defining a tapered external surface and an internal surface that defines part of a cavity;
a pressure sensor including a diaphragm and signal conductors, the pressure sensor being mounted in the adaptor head with the diaphragm defining one opposite end of the cavity;
a hollow adaptor sleeve elongating along the longitudinal axis and attached to the distal combustion chamber end of the adaptor head and receiving the signal conductors passing through the adaptor sleeve, which defines an external surface that is configured for being screwed into the glow-plug socket so as to dispose the sealing shoulder of the adaptor head in a pressure-tight engagement with the socket while disposing the signal conductors extending from one of the opposite ends of the socket;
wherein opposite the diaphragm the cavity is defined by a closed end wall that defines a flat external surface that is perpendicular to the longitudinal axis and has a diameter that is less than the diameter of the external surface of the adaptor head, the adaptor head further defining a side wall connected to the end wall and extending toward the diaphragm, wherein the side wall defines a tapered region through which are formed a plurality of gas exchange channels that extend into the cavity; and
wherein the front height of the cavity extending along the longitudinal axis from the diaphragm as far as the external surface of the end wall is less than the diameter of the adaptor head in the area of the cavity; and
wherein the glow plug adaptor is arranged recessed in the glow-plug socket from the chamber opening at a recess distance in such a way that the adaptor head rests entirely within the glow-plug socket and the recess distance, which is measured along the longitudinal axis between a central point on the external surface of the end wall and the center of the chamber opening, is greater than zero; and
wherein the glow-plug socket is defined by an inner wall and a portion of the exterior of the adaptor head located between the side wall of the adaptor head and the sealing shoulder of the adaptor head is disposed alongside and spaced apart from the inner wall by a gap, wherein the size of the gap is no more than 0.05 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,168,241

DRYING MODULE FOR A RELATIVE PRESSURE MEASURING TRANSDUCER

1. A drying module for a measuring transducer for metrological registering of a pressure to be measured as a relative pressure relative to a reference pressure existing in the environment of the measuring transducer, comprising:a module housing, which has an inner space, in which a drying means, especially a moisture adsorbing material, is located;
a first reference pressure supply extending through said module housing, having a first end contactable with the reference pressure via a first opening of said module housing, and having a second end connectable to a second reference pressure supply extending in the measuring transducer via a first connection element of the drying module connectable with a second connection element of the measuring transducer, and an inner space in the module housing in humidity permeable connection with said inner space containing said drying means, wherein:
the second reference pressure supply extending in the measuring transducer leads from a relative pressure sensor to a second opening in a housing wall of a housing of the measuring transducer; and
the second connection element has an inner space connected via the second opening with said second reference pressure supply extending in the measuring transducer.

US Pat. No. 10,168,240

PRESSURE EQUALIZING ELEMENT

1. A measuring transducer for metrological registering of a pressure to be measured as relative pressure referenced to a reference pressure reigning in the environment of the measuring transducer, comprising:a housing;
a relative pressure sensor arranged in said housing;
a pressure supply, via which the pressure to be measured is fed to said relative pressure sensor;
a reference pressure supply, via which the reference pressure is fed to said relative pressure sensor;
an entrance of and to said reference pressure supply communicates with an opening in an outer wall of said housing, on whose exterior the reference pressure acts;
a pressure equalizing element is applied in said entrance of said reference pressure supply; wherein:
said pressure equalizing element has a securement element, a filter element and a protective cap;
said securement element has an axial bore and serves to secure said pressure equalizing element in said opening of said wall;
said filter element is arranged on said securement element in such a manner that an inner surface of said filter element covers at least said axial bore;
said protective cap protecting said filter element against environmental influences has at least one perimetral window, which is so arranged that the region of said at least one window toward said filter element is located essentially at the plane of the outer surface of said filter element;
said securement element of said pressure equalizing element has a battlement-shaped structure, which is arranged around said filter element on the side of said filter element facing away from said relative pressure sensor; and
said protective cap is so affixed to said securement element that said at least one window of said protective cap lies opposite a merlon of said battlement-shaped structure.

US Pat. No. 10,168,239

GAS SENSING DEVICES, SYSTEMS, AND ASSOCIATED METHODS

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A gas sensing device, comprising:an enclosure having an internal chamber operable to receive and contain at least one test gas;
a photonic heat source positioned to deliver wavelength or frequency modulated photonic energy into the internal chamber to create gas pressure modulations within the internal chamber by selectively stimulating an analyte in the test gas;
a pressure sensor monolithically fabricated on a substrate, the pressure sensor functionally coupled to the internal chamber and operable to detect the gas pressure modulations within the internal chamber;
at least one pump monolithically fabricated on the substrate, the at least one pump functionally coupled to the enclosure and operable to deliver the at least one test gas into the internal chamber;
an inlet channel monolithically fabricated on the substrate;
a deflection membrane monolithically fabricated on the substrate; and
the at least one pump including a displacement structure monolithically fabricated on the substrate to unidirectionally draw the at least one gas past the deflection membrane through the inlet channel and into the internal chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,168,238

ASSESSMENT OF SHEAR FORCES DISTRIBUTION AT FIXATION POINTS OF TEXTILE BASED IMPLANTS

Sofradim Production, Tre...

1. A method of measuring shear forces distribution at fixation points of a textile-based implant, the method comprising:securing a textile-based implant to a fixation support of a tissue model to create at least two fixation points defined along a plane of an upper surface of the tissue model;
placing at least one marker on the fixation support at one or more of the at least two fixation points;
subjecting the textile-based implant to a load; and
measuring the displacement of the at least one marker and calculating a shear force vector at each of the one or more of the at least two fixation points where the at least one marker is disposed in response to the load.

US Pat. No. 10,168,237

TORQUE DETECTOR

SUBARU CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A torque detector comprising:a torque cam disposed on a rotating shaft and movable in an axial direction of the rotating shaft in accordance with torque input to the rotating shaft;
a pulse gear comprising at least one tooth formed on an outer circumferential surface of the torque cam;
a rotation pulse detection member disposed so as to oppose the pulse gear, the rotation pulse detection member being configured to detect the at least one tooth of the pulse gear in rotation and configured to output a pulse train; and
a torque acquisition member configured to acquire the torque from the pulse train output by the rotation pulse detection member,
wherein the at least one tooth extends in the axial direction and is formed such that a tooth thickness becomes continuously larger or smaller from a first side to a second side in the axial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,168,236

TORQUE-MEASUREMENT DEVICE FOR A TURBOMACHINE SHAFT

SAFRAN AIRCRAFT ENGINES, ...

1. Device for measuring the torque transmitted by a turbine engine shaft, comprising:a test piece which can be mounted on the shaft, said test piece being capable of being magnetised and forming a support for at least one surface acoustic wave strain gauge,
means for measuring the torque by means of a magnetostrictive effect, using magnetostrictive measuring sensors which are capable of capturing a variation in the magnetic permeability of the magnetised test piece, and
means for calibrating the measurement of the torque by means of a magnetostrictive effect, which are capable of establishing a calibration law between the torque measured by said measuring means and a reference torque given by said at least one strain gauge.

US Pat. No. 10,168,235

STRETCHABLE PIEZOELECTRIC SENSOR APPLIED TO LOGISTICS FOR REAL-TIME MONITORING

Southern Taiwan Universit...

1. A stretchable piezoelectric sensor applied to logistics for real-time monitoring comprising a stretchable flexible substrate and a conductive layer formed on the flexible substrate, and the stretchable piezoelectric sensor is in the form of a ring, a plurality of sensing members corresponding to a number of end faces of a packaging box adhered to the conductive layer, when two ends of the piezoelectric sensor are stretched and fitted on diagonal corners of the packaging box, the sensing members are located on the respective end faces of the packaging box.

US Pat. No. 10,168,234

INTELLIGENT TEST DEVICE FOR FLOOR PANELS

ZHUHAI SEPSTAR ELECTRONIC...

1. An intelligent test device for a substrate, comprising: a main case (1), a detection turntable (2), a feeding mechanism (3), a contact detection mechanism for testing the OFF-pressure of contacts from spring pieces, a discharging mechanism (5) and an electric control box (6), the detection turntable (2), the feeding mechanism (3), the contact detection mechanism and the discharging mechanism (5) being all ON-connected to the electric control box (6); wherein,the detection turntable (2) is arranged on a workbench (11) within the main case (1) in a rotatable manner, with a driving motor (21) provided on the bottom thereof and a number of grippers (22) provided on the disk thereof; and the driving motor (21) is connected to a rotating shaft of the detection turntable (2) by means of driving, and ON-connected to the electric control box (6);
the feeding mechanism (3) comprises a feeding conveyor belt (31) and a loading manipulator (32) for carrying the substrate to be tested at a discharging end of the feeding conveyor belt (31) to a loading station gripper (22) of the detection turntable (2); the feeding conveyor belt (31) is arranged outside the main case (1), and the discharging end thereof extends into the main case (1); and the loading manipulator (32) is arranged on the workbench (11) within the main case (1), and located on an outer side of a loading station of the detection turntable (2);
the contact detection mechanism is arranged on the workbench (11) within the main case (1), and located on the outer side of a detection station of the detection turntable (2); and
the discharging mechanism (5) comprises a discharging conveyor belt (51) and an unloading manipulator (52) for carrying the tested substrate on an unloading station gripper (22) of the detection turntable (2) to a feeding end of the discharging conveyor belt (31); the discharging conveyor belt (51) is arranged outside the main case (1), and the feeding end thereof extends into the main case (1); and the unloading manipulator (52) is arranged on the workbench (11) within the main case (1), and located on an outer side of an unloading station of the detection turntable (2);
wherein the contact detection mechanism comprises a longitudinal detection mechanism (41) and/or a transverse detection mechanism (42);
the longitudinal detection mechanism (41) mainly consists of a first base frame (411), a first test assembly (412) and a first product positioning assembly (413), wherein the first base frame (411) is mounted on the workbench (11) within the main case (1); the first test assembly (412) comprises a first ball screw (414), a first pressure sensor (415) and a first pressure thimble (416), the first ball screw (414) is mounted on the first base frame (411) perpendicularly to the detection turntable (2), a first sensor holder (418) extending to be above a longitudinal detection station of the detection turntable (2) is provided on a driving slider (417) thereof, and the first pressure sensor (415) is mounted on the first sensor holder (418); the first pressure thimble (416) is vertically downward arranged on the first pressure sensor (415) and located right above the longitudinal detection station, and moves up and down under the drive of the first ball screw (414); the first product positioning assembly (413) comprises a first driving cylinder (419) and a first product holding jaw (410), the first driving cylinder (419) is mounted on the first base frame (411) perpendicularly to the detection turntable (2), the first product holding jaw (410) is mounted on the first base frame (411) in such a way of being capable of moving up and down and is connected to the driving shaft of the first driving cylinder (419), and a first test probe (4101) for powering the substrate to be tested fixed by the first base frame (411) is provided on the first base frame (411); during the test, the first pressure thimble (416) passes through the first product holding jaw (410) and then acts on the substrate to be tested fixed within the first product holding jaw (410), so that the longitudinally ON-connected contacts of the substrate to be tested are separated and powered off;
the transverse detection mechanism (42) mainly consists of a second base frame (421), a second test assembly (422) and a second product positioning assembly (423), wherein the second base frame (421) is mounted on the workbench (11) within the main case (1); the second test assembly (422) comprises a second ball screw (424), a second pressure sensor (425) and a second pressure thimble (426), the second ball screw (424) is horizontally mounted on the second base frame (421) and extends to be above the transverse detection station of the detection turntable (2), a second sensor holder (428) is provided on a driving slider (427) thereof, and the second pressure sensor (425) is mounted on the second sensor holder (428); the second pressure thimble (426) is horizontally mounted on the second pressure sensor (425) and located right above the transverse detection station, and moves forth and back under the drive of the second ball screw (424); the second product positioning assembly (423) is located in front of the second detection assembly (422) and comprises a second driving cylinder (429) and a second product holding jaw (420), the second driving cylinder (429) is mounted on the second base frame (421) perpendicularly to the detection turntable (2), the second product holding jaw (420) is mounted on the second base frame (421) in such a way of being capable of moving up and down, and is connected to the driving shaft of the second driving cylinder (429), and a second test probe (4201) for powering the substrate to be tested fixed by the second base frame (421) is provided on the second base frame (421); during the test, the second pressure thimble (426) extends into the second product holding jaw (420) under the drive of the second ball screw (424) and then acts on the substrate to be tested fixed within the second product holding jaw (420), so that the transversely ON-connected contacts of the substrate to be tested are separated and powered off; and
the first ball screw (414), the first pressure sensor (415), the first driving cylinder (419), the first product holding jaw (410), the first test probe (4101), the second ball screw (424), the second pressure sensor (425), the second driving cylinder (429), the second product holding jaw (420) and the second test probe (4201) are all ON-connected to the electric control box (6).

US Pat. No. 10,168,233

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE INCLUDING SENSOR

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a sensor including a plurality of sense nodes;
a plurality of first latch circuits including a plurality of first input nodes and a plurality of first output nodes, respectively, the plurality of first input nodes coupled to the plurality of sense nodes, respectively;
a plurality of second latch circuits including a plurality of second input nodes and a plurality of second output nodes, respectively, the plurality of second input nodes coupled to the plurality of first output nodes, respectively; and
a selector including a plurality of third input nodes coupled respectively to the plurality of first output nodes, a plurality of fourth input nodes coupled respectively to the plurality of second output nodes and a plurality of third output nodes.

US Pat. No. 10,168,232

NON-CONTACT TEMPERATURE SENSOR

MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORP...

1. A non-contact temperature sensor comprising:an insulating film;
a thin film thermistor portion made of a thermistor material that is patterned on a front-surface of the insulating film;
a pair of comb shaped electrodes that is patterned so as to be opposed to each other and to have a plurality of comb portions at least either on the upper or lower surface of the thin film thermistor portion;
a pair of pad electrodes that is patterned on a base-end side of the front-surface of the insulating film;
a pair of pattern wiring portions that is patterned on the front-surface of the insulating film with one end thereof being connected to the pair of comb shaped electrodes and the other end thereof being connected to the pair of pad electrodes; and
a pair of lead frames of which a base-end side is adhered to the pair of pad electrodes on the front-surface of the insulating film,
wherein the thin film thermistor portion is formed in a thermistor forming region arranged on a front-end side of the insulating film,
the pad electrodes are formed in an electrode forming region arranged on a base-end side of the insulating film,
the pair of lead frames extends along a direction from the base-end side of the insulating film to the front-end side of the insulating film, and a front-end side of the pair of lead frames extends beyond a front-end of the thermistor forming region in a non-contact manner, and
the thermistor forming region protrudes to a region between the pair of lead frames without contacting with the pair of lead frames.

US Pat. No. 10,168,231

GALVANICALLY ISOLATED MONITORING CIRCUIT

TECHNELEC LTD, Oakham (G...

1. A system for monitoring a resistance of a component, the system comprising:a measurement circuit comprising a primary inductor, a voltage pulse generator for applying voltage pulses across the primary inductor, a first capacitor and a first resistance connected across the first capacitor;
a galvanically isolated circuit including a secondary inductor, a second capacitor coupled to the secondary inductor, and the component connected across the second capacitor; and
a measuring device for measuring a voltage across the first capacitor,
wherein the primary and secondary inductors are inductively coupled by a magnetic core to form a flyback transformer; and
wherein the galvanically isolated circuit is configured to prevent a current induced in the secondary inductor by the primary inductor during the voltage pulses from flowing in a first direction through the galvanically isolated circuit, so that energy from the voltage pulses is stored in the magnetic core, and
configured to permit current to flow in a second direction through the galvanically isolated circuit between pulses, so that the energy stored in the magnetic core is released into the first and second capacitors, whereby after a plurality of the voltage pulses the system is in a substantially stable state, in which a substantially stable voltage VC1 across the first capacitor is proportional to a substantially stable voltage VC2 across the second capacitor, and VC1 is representative of the resistance of the component.

US Pat. No. 10,168,230

TEMPERATURE DETECTION DEVICE, ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC TYPE IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND TEMPERATURE DETECTION METHOD

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A temperature detection device comprising:a thermocouple having a hot junction and a cold junction and configured to output a first signal value corresponding to a thermoelectromotive force generated between the hot junction and the cold junction; and
a detection portion configured to detect a temperature of the cold junction and output a second signal value corresponding to the detected temperature, the temperature detection device detecting a temperature of a fixing member used for fixing a toner image, by using a high-degree expression of the second degree or higher for temperature calculation that includes variables for which the first signal value and the second signal value are to be substituted, wherein
any one or more of the first signal value, the second signal value, and a constant included in the high-degree expression include a decimal place, and
the temperature detection device further comprises:
a conversion processing portion configured to multiply each of the first signal value, the second signal value, and the constant by a perfect power of 2 and convert each result of the multiplication to an integer that is approximate to the result of the multiplication; and
a calculation processing portion configured to calculate the temperature of the fixing member by substituting the first signal value and the second signal value after the conversion by the conversion processing portion into a first transformation expression in which the constant in the high-degree expression is replaced by the constant after the conversion by the conversion processing portion, and multiplying or dividing each term included in the first transformation expression by a perfect power of 2.

US Pat. No. 10,168,229

EMI/RF SHIELDING OF THERMOCOUPLES

Applied Materials, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus for processing a substrate, comprising:a substrate support;
a temperature sensor, wherein the temperature sensor is disposed in the substrate support;
a first coating disposed over the temperature sensor, the first coating comprising a first material;
a second coating disposed over the first coating, the second coating comprising a second material different than the first material, wherein the second coating comprises silver, wherein the silver comprises silver nanoparticles; and
a third coating disposed over the second coating, the third coating comprising a third material different than both the first material and the second material.

US Pat. No. 10,168,228

THERMOCOUPLE APPARATUS AND METHOD

Cambridge Enterprise Limi...

1. A thermocouple, comprising:a metal alloy outer sheath;
a first thermoelement,
wherein the first thermoelement extends within the metal alloy outer sheath;
a second thermoelement,
wherein the second thermoelement extends within the metal alloy outer sheath; and
a nickel-based inner sheath containing less than 10 wt % chromium,
wherein the nickel-based inner sheath contains greater than 90 wt % nickel, and
wherein the nickel-based inner sheath is positioned between the first thermoelement and the metal alloy outer sheath.

US Pat. No. 10,168,227

SYSTEM AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING AMBIENT TEMPERATURES FOR A FLUID ANALYTE SYSTEM

ASCENSIA DIABETES CARE HO...

1. A portable meter configured to rapidly determine ambient temperature, the portable meter comprising:a housing defining an interior space and an area for receiving a fluid sample;
a first processing unit and a first temperature sensor disposed within said interior space of said housing; and
a second temperature sensor disposed on said housing; and
said first processing unit or another processing unit being configured to:
determine a first temperature value from temperature data received from said first temperature sensor,
apply a variable current to a temperature-adjustment source such that said second temperature sensor is adjusted to a predetermined steady-state temperature value different from said first temperature value, and
determine an ambient temperature of an exterior space of said housing based on said applied variable current, said pre-determined steady-state temperature value, and said received first temperature value.

US Pat. No. 10,168,226

TEMPERATURE SENSOR

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A temperature sensor that is inserted into a screw hole of a container to be detected, the temperature sensor comprising:a metal case that is formed in a bottomed cylindrical shape having an opening part;
a temperature-sensitive element disposed inside the opening part;
a terminal whose lower end is connected to the temperature-sensitive element; and
a resin coupler that seals the opening part, wherein:
an upper end of the terminal is led out from the resin coupler,
the metal case includes
a lower part disposed with the temperature-sensitive element,
a screw part that is provided above the lower part and is engaged with the screw hole, and
a large diameter part that is provided above the screw part and has a larger diameter than a diameter of the screw part,
an outer circumference of the large diameter part is covered with a resin layer, and
a lower surface of the resin layer is located above a lower surface of the large diameter part.

US Pat. No. 10,168,225

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING EXTRASOLAR LASER PULSES

1. A method, comprising:detecting an extrasolar laser pulse;
observing the extrasolar pulse;
characterizing the extrasolar pulse, and
confirming the data related to characterizing the pulse.

US Pat. No. 10,168,224

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING FREQUENCY ANALYSIS PROCESSING, AND SENSOR MODULE

FUJITSU LIMITED CO., LTD....

1. An apparatus for controlling a frequency analysis processing, the apparatus comprising:a memory; and
a processor coupled to the memory and configured to
execute a process that includes acquiring time sequential data sensed at a first sampling frequency by a sensor and dividing the time sequential data into a first group and a second group in accordance with sequential order of the time sequential data, the first group including first data having first time sequential order of the time sequential data, the second group including second data having second time sequential order of the time sequential data,
execute a fast Fourier transform process that includes performing a fast Fourier transform operation on the first group and the second group and acquiring similarity degree between a first result of a butterfly operation for the first group and a second result of the butterfly operation for the second group, and
execute a change process that includes changing, in a case where the similarity degree is at least equal to a given threshold, a sampling frequency at which the sensor operates to a second sampling frequency lower than the first sampling frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,168,223

ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION DETECTOR ENCAPSULATED BY TRANSFER OF THIN LAYER

1. Electromagnetic radiation detector (100) comprising:at least one membrane (108) suspended above a substrate (101), configured to absorb incident electromagnetic radiation and convert it into heat; and
a cap (110) transparent in a spectral sensitivity range of the electromagnetic radiation detector, and closing a hermetic cavity (115) containing the at least one membrane;characterised in that:the thickness (E) of the cap (110) is less than or equal to 10 ?m;
the cap is suspended above the substrate, bearing on at least support walls (106) surrounding the membrane(s);
the detector (100) has first and second metallic sealing layers (112A, 112B) intercalated on each other between the cap and the support walls, and between which a peripheral bonding zone (112C) extends.

US Pat. No. 10,168,222

THERMAL DETECTOR ARRAY CONFIGURED TO DETECT THERMAL RADIATION FROM THE INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. An apparatus comprising:an integrated circuit substrate;
an integrated circuit, wherein the integrated circuit is disposed on a top surface of the integrated circuit substrate;
a thermal detector array substrate;
a thermal detector array configured to detect thermal radiation from the integrated circuit, wherein the thermal detector array is disposed on a bottom surface of the thermal detector array substrate; and
one or more spacers disposed on the top surface of the integrated circuit substrate;
wherein the one or more spacers are disposed between the top surface of the integrated circuit substrate and the bottom surface of the thermal detector array substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,220

WEARABLE INFRARED TEMPERATURE SENSING DEVICE

PIXART IMAGING INC., Hsi...

1. A wearable device, comprising:a case having a first opening; and
a far infrared temperature sensing device disposed inside the case of the wearable device, and the far infrared temperature sensing device including:
an assembly structure which has an accommodating space and a top opening;
a sensor chip which is disposed in the accommodating space of the assembly structure;
a filter structure which is disposed above the sensor chip; and
a metal shielding structure which is disposed above the sensor chip, wherein the metal shielding structure has a second opening to expose the filter structure;
wherein the first and second openings are communicated to cooperatively define a through hole.

US Pat. No. 10,168,219

WEARABLE DEVICE WITH COMBINED SENSING CAPABILITIES

PIXART IMAGING INCORPORAT...

1. A wearable device with combined sensing capabilities, comprising:a wearable assembly for being worn on a part of a user's body, wherein the wearable assembly has at least two light-transmissible windows, one of the at least two light-transmissible windows is provided at an upper surface of the wearable assembly, and another one of the at least two light-transmissible windows is provided at a lower surface of the wearable assembly; and
at least two multi-function sensor modules located inside the wearable assembly, wherein, the at least two multi-function sensor modules are respectively corresponding to the two light-transmissible windows, wherein, the at least two multi-function sensor modules are for performing an image sensing function and an infrared temperature sensing function, each of the at least two multi-function sensor modules including:
an image sensor module for sensing a physical or a biological feature of an object through the at least one light-transmissible window by way of image sensing; and
an infrared temperature sensor module for sensing temperature through the corresponding light-transmissible window by way of infrared temperature sensing;
wherein, the multi-function sensor module corresponding to the light-transmissible window provided at the upper surface performs non-contact type temperature sensing through the corresponding light-transmissible window at the upper surface, and wherein the multi-function sensor module corresponding to the light-transmissible window provided at the lower surface performs contact type temperature sensing through the corresponding light-transmissible window at the lower surface;
whereby, the wearable device integrates both non-contact type temperature sensing and contact type temperature sensing into the one single wearable assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,168,218

PYROELECTRIC IR MOTION SENSOR

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A motion sensing device, comprising:an array of pyroelectric IR (PIR) sensors; and
a Fresnel lens including a plurality of lenslets, wherein two or more lenslets are each configured to direct received IR (IR) radiation to at least two of the PIR sensors in the array of PIR sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,168,217

AUTOMATED THERMOGRAPHIC INSPECTION FOR COMPOSITE STRUCTURES

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A method to detect irregularities in a composite structure, the method comprising:cooling the composite structure to a first temperature state;
applying a quantity of heat to an exposed surface of the composite structure;
after heat has been applied to the exposed surface of the composite structure, generating temperature data for the exposed surface of the composite structure; and
detecting an irregularity in the composite structure based on the temperature data.

US Pat. No. 10,168,216

IMAGE INSPECTION DEVICE

Keyence Corporation, Osa...

1. An image inspection device comprising:an acquisition unit which acquires a color image of an inspection target object, the color image including a plurality of spectral images;
a display unit which displays the color image acquired by the acquisition unit;
a region designation unit which receives designation of a plurality of foreground regions including a plurality of pixels in the color image displayed on the display unit;
an extraction unit which extracts color information including a color distribution in each of the plurality of foreground regions designated by the region designation unit and color information including a color distribution in a background region distinguished from the plurality of foreground regions and registers the extracted color information as foreground colors for the plurality of foreground regions, respectively, and a background color for the background region;
a foreground image generation unit which calculates a distance on color space coordinates between a color of each pixel in the plurality of spectral images and each of the plurality of foreground colors, generates a plurality of distance images having the distance as a pixel value, and generates a foreground distance image based on the plurality of generated distance images;
a background image generation unit which calculates a distance on the color space coordinates between the color of each of the pixels in the plurality of spectral images and the background color, generates a distance image having the distance as a pixel value, and generates a background distance image based on the plurality of generated distance images; and
an inspection unit which inspects the inspection target object using a foreground-background image which is a difference image between the foreground distance image and the background distance image.

US Pat. No. 10,168,215

COLOR MEASUREMENT APPARATUS AND COLOR INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A color measurement apparatus, comprising:at least one illuminator configured to irradiate a surface of a measurement target and a surface of a reference object with light at a plurality of illumination angles;
an imager configured to image the surface of the measurement target at a predetermined capturing angle, at one illumination angle per imaging, to acquire spectral reflectance images of the measurement target at the plurality of illumination angles, and image the surface of the reference object at the predetermined capturing angle, at the plurality of illumination angles, respectively, to acquire spectral reflectance images of the reference object at the plurality of illumination angles; and
circuitry configured to:
normalize each pixel included in an imaging region of one of the spectral reflectance images of the measurement target irradiated with light at a specific illumination angle of the plurality of illumination angles, with one of the spectral reflectance images of the reference object irradiated with light at the specific illumination angle, for each of the plurality of illumination angles so as to generate normalized spectral reflectance images of the measurement target; and
calculate a numerical value of at least one color for each pixel of the normalized spectral reflectance images of the measurement target, for respective ones of the plurality of illumination angles, to measure color of the surface of the measurement target.

US Pat. No. 10,168,214

METHOD OF ASSEMBLY AND MANUFACTURING OF PIEZO ACTUATED FABRY-PEROT INTERFEROMETER

TruTag Technologies, Inc....

1. A device for tunable optical filtering, comprising:a substrate;
one or more piezos, wherein the one or more piezos are placed on the substrate, wherein the one or more piezos have a piezo thickness, the piezo thickness being a length of the one or more piezos in a top to a bottom direction;
a bottom mirror, wherein the bottom mirror is placed on the substrate, wherein the bottom mirror has a bottom mirror thickness greater than the piezo thickness, the bottom mirror thickness being a bottom mirror length of the bottom mirror in the top to the bottom direction;
a top mirror, wherein the top mirror is placed on the bottom mirror, the top mirror being in contact with the bottom mirror, wherein the top mirror is attached to the one or more piezos, wherein actuation of the one or more piezos lifts the top mirror from the bottom mirror so that the top mirror is no longer in contact with the bottom mirror.

US Pat. No. 10,168,213

SPECTROSCOPIC SENSOR INCLUDING INTERFERENCE FILTER UNIT HAVING SILICON OXIDE CAVITY

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. A spectroscopic sensor comprising:an interference filter unit, having a cavity layer and first and second mirror layers opposing each other through the cavity layer, for selectively transmitting therethrough light in a predetermined wavelength range according to an incident position thereof;
a light-transmitting substrate, arranged on the first mirror layer side, for transmitting therethrough light incident on the interference filter unit;
a light-detecting substrate, arranged on the second mirror layer side, for detecting the light transmitted through the interference filter unit; and
a first coupling layer arranged between the interference filter unit and the light-transmitting substrate;
wherein the cavity layer and the first coupling layer are silicon oxide films,
the thickness of the cavity layer varies between the first and second mirror layers,
the thickness of the first coupling layer varies such that the light-transmitting substrate and the light-detecting substrate are arranged parallel to each other,
the cavity layer has a filter region held between the first and second mirror layers, and a surrounding region continuously surrounding the whole perimeter of the filter region as seen in a direction in which the light-transmitting substrate and the light-detecting substrate oppose each other,
the cavity layer is formed continuously over the filter region and the surrounding region,
an entire face on the light-transmitting substrate side of the surrounding region has substantially the same height as a part of a face of the filter region on which the first mirror layer is formed located closest to the light-transmitting substrate or the entire face on the light-transmitting substrate side of the surrounding region is positioned nearer to the light-transmitting substrate than the part,
the filter region overlaps with a light-receiving unit of the light-detecting substrate and the surrounding region does not overlap with the light-receiving unit as seen in the direction in which the light-transmitting substrate and the light-detecting substrate oppose each other, and
the thickness of the filter region varies between the first and second mirror layers.

US Pat. No. 10,168,212

OPTICAL SPECTROSCOPIC MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

THORLABS, INC., Newton, ...

1. A system for measuring material concentration values in a sample, comprising:a plurality of laser sources modulated by their respective drivers at different frequencies, each laser source emits light into the sample;
a signal generator to generate modulation waveforms provided to the drivers;
a plurality of sensors to detect output signals from the sample;
circuitry configured to combine the output signals detected by the plurality of sensors into a combined signal;
a data acquisition (DAQ) device to digitize the combined signal;
a processor configured to perform a Fourier transform on the digitized signal to obtain signal intensity at each of the modulation frequencies in parallel; and
the processor is further configured to calculate the material concentration values in the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,168,211

FULLY INTEGRATED GAS CONCENTRATION SENSOR

MAXIM INTEGRATED PRODUCTS...

1. A gas concentration sensor, comprising:a package substrate defining at least one aperture;
an electromagnetic radiation source positioned in an interior region of the package substrate;
a detector positioned in the interior region of the package substrate and configured to receive at least a portion of electromagnetic radiation generated by the electromagnetic radiation source to generate one or more signal outputs;
a tunable filter positioned adjacent to the detector, the tunable filter configured to provide a plurality of spectral channels for detection by the detector; and
control circuitry coupled to the package substrate and operably coupled to the detector, the control circuitry configured to detect and calibrate the one or more signal outputs from the detector to determine a gas concentration within the interior region of the package substrate, and wherein the control circuitry is configured to control one or more filtering characteristics of the tunable filter;
the package substrate at least partially enclosing the electromagnetic radiation source, the detector, and the control circuitry.

US Pat. No. 10,168,210

SNAPSHOT-TYPE POLARIZED HYPERSPECTRAL CAMERA AND AN IMAGING METHOD

Institute of Remote Sensi...

1. A snapshot-type polarized hyperspectral camera, characterized in that, it comprises polarizers, an image sensor and a spectra filter, the spectra filter being located on the image sensor, and the polarizers being located on one side of the image sensor;three polarizers are stuck into a first region, a second region and a third region of a channel with a preset wavelength at a first preset angle, a second preset angle and a third preset angle, respectively, the channel is divided into four regions, and the polarizers are used to shield and transmit incident light, so as to obtain light signals with different polarizing angles;
the image sensor is used to receive the light signals with different polarizing angles, which are obtained by the three polarizers, and convert the light signals with different polarizing angles into electric signals;
the spectra filter is used to receive the electric signals converted by the image sensor, and filter the electric signals, so as to obtain high-frequency electric signals with the preset wavelength.

US Pat. No. 10,168,209

MODULAR IMAGING SPECTROMETER ASSEMBLY AND METHOD

RAYTHEON COMPANY, Waltha...

1. A modular imaging spectrometer assembly comprising:an all-reflective foreoptics assembly positioned to receive electromagnetic radiation from a scene and produce a real exit pupil, the all-reflective foreoptics assembly having a first f-number;
a first imaging spectrometer including a first all-reflective optical assembly configured to receive and disperse the electromagnetic radiation into a first plurality of spectral bands at a first image plane, the first imaging spectrometer having a second f-number that is independent of the first f-number, wherein the first all-reflective optical assembly includes:
a first plurality of collimating optics to receive and collimate the electromagnetic radiation from the at least one slit aperture to produce first collimated electromagnetic radiation,
a first dispersive element positioned to receive the first collimated electromagnetic radiation from the first plurality of collimating optics and disperse the first collimated electromagnetic radiation into the first plurality of spectral bands, and
a first plurality of focusing optics to focus the dispersed electromagnetic radiation at the first image plane;
a second imaging spectrometer spatially separated from the first imaging spectrometer, the second imaging spectrometer including a second all-reflective optical assembly configured to receive and disperse the electromagnetic radiation into a second plurality of spectral bands at a second image plane, the second imaging spectrometer having a third f-number that is independent of the first f-number, wherein the second all-reflective optical assembly includes:
a second plurality of collimating optics to receive and collimate the electromagnetic radiation from the at least one slit aperture to produce second collimated electromagnetic radiation,
a second dispersive element positioned to receive the second collimated electromagnetic radiation from the second plurality of collimating optics and disperse the second collimated electromagnetic radiation into the second plurality of spectral bands; and
a second plurality of focusing optics to focus the dispersed electromagnetic radiation at the second image plane; and
at least one slit aperture interposed between the all-reflective foreoptics assembly and the first imaging spectrometer and the second imaging spectrometer, the at least one slit aperture being positioned to receive the electromagnetic radiation from the real exit pupil and direct the electromagnetic radiation to the first imaging spectrometer and the second imaging spectrometer.

US Pat. No. 10,168,208

LIGHT AMOUNT DETECTION DEVICE, IMMUNE ANALYZING APPARATUS AND CHARGED PARTICLE BEAM APPARATUS THAT EACH USE THE LIGHT AMOUNT DETECTION DEVICE

Hitachi High-Technologies...

1. A light amount detection device comprising:an amplifier that performs amplification processing of amplifying a detection signal from a light detection unit for detecting light;
an A/D converter that performs A/D conversion processing of converting the detection signal amplified by the amplifier into a digital signal to output the digital signal;
a base voltage calculation part that performs base voltage calculation processing of, for the output signal from the A/D converter, calculating, as a base voltage, a time average value of signal components each having a voltage lower than a predetermined base threshold value;
a base correction processing part that performs base correction processing of offsetting the output signal from the A/D converter in such a manner that the base voltage calculated by the base voltage calculation part becomes 0;
a dark current calculation part that performs dark current calculation processing of, for an output signal from the base voltage calculation processing part in a non-input state in which light is not input into the light detection unit, calculating, as a dark current pulse, a signal component having a voltage higher than a predetermined signal detection threshold value;
a threshold value processing part that performs threshold value processing of, for the output signal from the base voltage calculation processing part, calculating, as a detection light pulse, a signal component having a voltage higher than a predetermined signal detection threshold value; and
a light emission signal amount calculation part that performs light emission signal amount calculation processing of calculating a light emission signal amount by subtracting, from the signal component of the detection light obtained by the threshold value processing, a time average value of the signal components of the dark current obtained by the dark current calculation processing.

US Pat. No. 10,168,207

SUNSCREEN EFFECTIVENESS MONITORING

International Business Ma...

1. A method for monitoring sunscreen effectiveness, the method comprising the steps of:receiving, by one or more computer processors, input from a user;
receiving, by the one or more computer processors, data corresponding to ultraviolet radiation exposure from a first ultraviolet radiation sensor and a second ultraviolet radiation sensor, wherein the first ultraviolet radiation sensor is covered with a thickness of a sunscreen wherein the thickness corresponds to a thickness of the sunscreen applied to skin of the user, and wherein the second ultraviolet radiation sensor is not covered with the thickness of the sunscreen, and wherein the sunscreen is a topical product which absorbs or reflects ultraviolet radiation from the sun;
determining, by the one or more computer processors, an amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the first ultraviolet radiation sensor and the second ultraviolet radiation sensor;
determining, by the one or more computer processors, whether the amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the first ultraviolet radiation sensor is similar to the amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the second ultraviolet radiation sensor;
responsive to determining the amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the first ultraviolet radiation sensor is not similar to the amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the second ultraviolet radiation sensor, determining, by the one or more computer processors, whether the amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the first ultraviolet radiation sensor is below an alert threshold; and
responsive to determining the amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the first ultraviolet radiation sensor is not below the alert threshold, transmitting, by the one or more computer processors, an alert message to the user.

US Pat. No. 10,168,206

COOLING DEVICE COMPRISING AN IMPROVED COLD FINGER

1. Cooling device comprising:a cooling plate,
a cooling system provided with a cooling fluid,
a hollow cold finger closed at one end by the cooling plate, the cooling fluid being located in the cold finger to cool the cooling plate, the cold finger comprising at least one side wall defining a confinement channel of the cooling fluid from the cooling system,wherein:said at least one side wall is at least partially formed by an area made from an at least partially amorphous metal alloy,
the area made from the at least partially amorphous metal alloy is formed by an at least ternary alloy containing at least 17.5% in atomic % of hafnium and possibly of copper with a maximum content equal to 40% in atomic % of copper so as to form a thermal insulator.

US Pat. No. 10,168,205

OPTICAL SENSING MODULE AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

PIXART IMAGING INC., Hsi...

1. An optical sensing module, comprising:a light source adapted to provide a radiation beam emergent from the optical sensing module;
a sensing device disposed with a displacement from the light source; and
a first lens disposed above the sensing device, the first lens having an optical axis, the optical axis extending through a geometric center of the first lens and vertical to a plane on which the light source and the sensing device are disposed,
wherein the optical axis of the first lens is offset from a geometric center of the sensing device along a direction perpendicular to a direction from the light source to the sensing device by a predetermined distance,
wherein the sensing device is adapted to receive an object beam passing the first lens,
the first lens has a light incident plane, a light emergent plane opposite to the light incident plane, and a connecting plane connecting the light incident plane and the light emergent plane, and an included angle between the connecting plane and the optical axis is larger than 0 degree and smaller than 75 degrees to reduce an area of the optical sensing module along the direction perpendicular to the direction from the light source to the sensing device.

US Pat. No. 10,168,204

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING WATERPROOFING OF THE ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a housing;
a speaker disposed inside the housing; and
a processor disposed inside the housing and configured to:
control the speaker to output a reference signal in the form of a sound,
receive a feedback signal corresponding to the reference signal outputted in a resonance space inside the housing,
determine a lowest resonant frequency from the feedback signal, and
determine whether the electronic device is waterproofed based on whether a value of the lowest resonant frequency is within a preset range.

US Pat. No. 10,168,203

BALANCE WITH FREE-FLOATING WEIGHING PAN

Mettler-Toledo GmbH, Gre...

1. A balance, comprising:a weighing pan;
at least six position sensors, arranged to measure the position of the weighing pan in all three dimensions;
a weighing mechanism with at least six electromagnetic mechanisms, each of which includes at least one permanent magnet and at least one force coil, such that the weighing mechanism generates compensation forces to act, through currents sent to each force coil, in each of the six translatory and rotatory degrees of freedom on the weighing pan, based upon the orientation and position of each force coil relative to the weighing pan;
a regulating unit to regulate the individual currents flowing in the force coils, wherein the compensation forces, through the sum of their respective moments, hold the weighing pan in a constant, predefined and free-floating position relative to the six degrees of freedom; and
an arithmetic unit provided with software to calculate the weighing result based on the amounts of current flowing in the respective force coils.

US Pat. No. 10,168,202

SELF-COMPENSATING WEIGHT SENSING FORK BLADE ASSEMBLY

Cascade Corporation, Fai...

1. A load-weighing assembly for a bad lifting system, said load-weighing assembly having a substantially laterally-extending load-weighing platform, and a substantially laterally-extending cantilever fork blade member located beneath said platform, said load-weighing platform and said cantilever fork blade member being interconnected by a load weight-measuring cell which is configured to move laterally with respect to at least one of said load-weighing platform and said cantilever fork blade member during an initial part of said load weighing so as to minimize transmission of lateral force between said load-weighing platform and said load weight-measuring cell during said initial part of said load weighing, said load weight-measuring cell being loosely connected to said laterally extending load-weighing platform at least during said initial part of said load weighing.

US Pat. No. 10,168,201

DYNAMIC WEIGHING MACHINE WITH SLIDING RAIL WEIGHING CONVEYANCE

Girnet Internacional, S.L...

1. A dynamic weighing machine (100) that comprises a set of buckets (3), each bucket having two sides (4, 5) and a bottom (6); a series of bucket-carrying supports (2); and a transport system (103) that continually moves the supports along a path that comprises at least one horizontal straight path; the supports and buckets of the machine being prepared for their mutual coupling with limited vertical movement capacity of the bucket (3) with respect to the support (2), such that each bucket can adopt at least two coupling positions, one of which is a supporting position (A), in which the weight of the bucket rests on the support, and the other being a weighing position (B), in which the bucket is slightly raised with respect to the support, where both coupling positions allow the support to carry the bucket while being transported; the dynamic weighing machine further comprising a weighing station (102) for the buckets (3) arranged on said horizontal straight path; a loading station (101) for loading products in the buckets, arranged upstream from the weighing station; and a selective unloading station for products loaded in the buckets, arranged downstream from the weighing station; and whereinthe buckets (3) comprise first and second sliding means (10, 11), each one arranged on one side (4, 5) of the bucket (3); and
the weighing station (102) comprises a scale (1) with first rail means (30) and second rail means (31), between which the buckets (3) in transit can pass through the weighing station (102) when the buckets adopt the weighing position (B), sliding while being supported by the first and second sliding means (10, 11) on said first and second rail means (30, 31), respectively; and
wherein each one of the first and second sliding means comprise a front support element and a rear support element that are offset vertically and each of the first and second rail means comprise two lanes or tracks which are offset vertically, corresponding to the offset between the support elements, such that as each bucket passes through the weighing station, four points of the bucket will come into contact with the rail means, at least for an instant.

US Pat. No. 10,168,200

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR POWER MANAGEMENT IN ULTRASONIC SENSORS

SSI Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A method of controlling energy of sound waves generated in a fluid sensing system, the method comprising:generating, with a transducer, a first sound wave and a second sound wave in a tank having a fluid;
receiving, with the transducer, a first echo of the first sound wave and a first echo of the second sound wave;
comparing, with a controller, a signal characteristic of the first echo of the first and second sound waves; and
driving, with a driver, the transducer based on comparing the signal characteristic of the first echo of the first and second sound waves and to reduce a difference in amplitude of the first echo of the first and the second sound waves.

US Pat. No. 10,168,199

METHOD FOR ASCERTAINING AND MONITORING FILL LEVEL OF A MEDIUM IN A CONTAINER USING A TRAVEL TIME MEASURING METHOD

1. A method for ascertaining and monitoring fill level (F) of a medium in a container by means of a field device using a travel time measuring method, comprising the steps of:transmitting transmission signals (S) toward the medium and receiving reflection signals (R);
registering the received reflection signals (R) as echo signals in an echo function, or envelope curve, dependent on travel time (t) or travel distance (x);
filtering by means of at least one filter with filter parameters (FP) the echo function, or the envelope curve;
wherein:
at least three filter ranges (FR1, FR2, FR3) are formed in the echo function, or the envelope curve, and at least a first filter range (FR1) with a first width (w1) is predetermined at the position (x1) of the wanted echo signal in the echo function or the envelope curve ascertained in a preceding measuring cycle;
the echo function, or the echo curve is filtered by the filter with different filter parameters (FP) in the first filter range (FP1), in the second filter range (FP2) and/or in the third filter range (FP3); and
the second filter range and the third filter range adjoin in front or behind the first filter range;
ascertaining by means of an echo search algorithm at least one wanted echo signal in the echo function, or the envelope curve; and
ascertaining the fill level (F) in the basis of position (x1) of the wanted echo signal.

US Pat. No. 10,168,198

BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE (BAW) SENSORS FOR LIQUID LEVEL MEASUREMENTS

Honeywell International I...

1. A method for sensing at least one level parameter of at least one liquid in a tank, comprising:providing at least one bulk acoustic wave (BAW) sensor positioned inside said tank, wherein electrodes of said at least one BAW sensor are at least switchably connected to a positive feedback loop across an amplifier to provide an electronic oscillator, wherein said at least one BAW sensor each have a unique digital address stored in a memory associated with a control unit that provides sensor select signals to a multiplexer (MUX), said MUX individually interrogating said plurality of BAW sensors;
determining a frequency shift from an output of said electronic oscillator by utilizing a calibration curve relating a measured change in resonant frequency for said electronic oscillator to said liquid, wherein said output of said electronic oscillator is different when said at least one BAW sensor contacts said liquid as compared to when said at least one BAW sensor contacts air, and
using said unique digital address and a distance between consecutive ones of said at least one BAW sensor in an algorithm for determining said level parameter from said change in resonant frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,168,197

FILL-LEVEL MEASURING DEVICE

1. A fill-level measuring device working according to the pulse radar principle for measuring a fill level of a fill substance in a container, comprising:a transmission system having a pulse producing system, connected to a control unit, which is embodied in such a manner that, in predetermined measuring cycles comprising, in each case, at least two measurements, for each measurement, it produces a transmission signal composed of microwave pulses of a center frequency predetermined for the particular measuring, wherein the center frequencies of the transmission signals of at least two of the measurings are different from one another;
an antenna connected to said transmission system, which sends the transmission signals into the container, and receives as received signals their signal fractions reflected in the container back in the direction of said antenna after a travel time dependent on the distance from the associated reflector of the fill-level measuring device, and which has for different center frequencies different spatial radiation characteristics dependent on the center frequency of the transmission signals; and
a signal processing system, connected to said transmission system and said antenna, which receives the received signals and evaluates such based on the center frequencies of the microwave pulses of the associated transmission signals and the center frequency dependence of the spatial radiation characteristic of the said antenna, wherein:
said antenna is a rod-shaped, and rectangular shaped hollow conductor with slots, which has an input fed by said transmission system, whose end lying opposite the input is terminally short circuited, terminated with a reflection free termination, or open, and which has a hollow conductor wall, which is provided with slot shaped slot like or fractal shaped cutouts, via which said antenna sends the transmission signals with a spatial radiation characteristic different for different center frequencies dependent on the positioning and dimensioning of said cutouts and the center frequencies of the supplied transmission signals; and
said antenna includes a focusing apparatus for focusing the transmission signals emerging from said antenna, a funnel-shaped or rectangular, hollow conductor segment arranged outwardly on the hollow conductor wall and enclosing all cutouts, a lens arranged outwardly on said hollow conductor wall, said lens comprising a dielectric lens or a magnetic lens, plates of one or more planar plies of a dielectric material applied outwardly on said cutouts, or other rectangular, hollow conductors embodied identically to the rectangular, hollow conductor and connected with said rectangular, hollow conductor to form a group of parallely amplitudes—and phase equally fed, rectangular, hollow conductors arranged together, parallel to one another, directly next to one another and perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of said rectangular, hollow conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,168,196

IMMERSION-TYPE ONLINE MULTIPHASE MEASURING INSTRUMENT AND METHOD

INSTITUTE OF PROCESS ENGI...

1. An immersion-type online multiphase measuring instrument comprising:a package tube;
a viewport, sealedly installed at a front end of the package tube;
an illumination system for illuminating multiphase flow, including LED lamps and a brightness-adjustable light source connected with the LED lamps, which comprises a power supply, a signal generator and an oscilloscope;
a photographic system for taking pictures, including a telecentric lens and an image sensor;
a controller connected with the signal generator and the image sensor;
a signal processing and outputting system connected with the image sensor; and
a display system connected with the signal processing and outputting system,
wherein the LED lamps, the telecentric lens and the image sensor are located in the package tube,
wherein the image sensor and the LED lamps are configured to work synchronously, and an exposure period of the image sensor is greater than twice of a pulse period of the signal generator, such that the image sensor captures a double-exposure image,
wherein the LED lamps are configured to be below a surface of the multiphase flow, and are evenly and circularly arranged in the package tube.

US Pat. No. 10,168,195

THERMAL FLOW METER CAPABLE OF MEASURING FLOW RATES IN FORWARD FLOW AND REVERSE FLOW DIRECTIONS

Hitachi Automotive System...

1. A thermal flow meter comprising:a bypass passage configured to retrieve and flow a measurement target gas received from a main passage; and
a flow rate measurement circuit configured to measure a flow rate by performing heat transfer with the measurement target gas flowing in the bypass passage,
wherein the bypass passage includes:
an inlet port which is formed to be open at an upstream side of the main passage;
an outlet port opening configured to discharge the measurement target gas retrieved from the inlet port of the bypass passage to the main passage;
a flow rate measurement passage unit provided between the inlet port and the outlet port opening and configured to measure a flow rate of the flow rate measurement circuit; and
an outlet port side chamber provided upstream with respect to the outlet port opening, wherein
the measurement target gas retrieved from the inlet port of the bypass passage is measured by the flow rate measurement circuit at the flow rate measurement passage unit, and is thereafter guided to the outlet port side chamber, and is discharged to the main passage from the outlet port side chamber via the outlet port opening,
in the outlet port side chamber, the outlet port opening is provided to be open in a downstream direction of a flow direction of the measurement target gas in the main passage, and a guide is provided to oppose the outlet port opening to change a direction of a flow of the measurement target gas flowing backward from the outlet port opening to an upstream side of the outlet port opening,
the opening surface of the outlet port opening is perpendicular or inclined to the axis of the flow direction of the measurement target gas flowing in the main passage,
part of the outlet opening is formed by a wall perpendicular to the flow direction of the measurement target gas flowing in the main passage when viewed in a cross section which includes the outlet port opening and is perpendicular to a cover covering the bypass passage, and
along a width direction of the thermal flow meter, the bypass passage is offset relative to the outlet port opening.

US Pat. No. 10,168,194

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DRIVING A MULTI-OSCILLATOR SYSTEM

Analog Devices, Inc., No...

1. A method of detecting a physical quantity from a sensor, the sensor having a plurality of oscillation members including at least a first oscillation member and a second oscillation member, the method comprising:driving the first oscillation member with a first drive signal having a first drive frequency in a first time interval and a second drive frequency in a second time interval;
driving the second oscillation member with a second drive signal;
receiving a first incoming signal representing an oscillation frequency of the first oscillation member;
receiving a second incoming signal representing an oscillation frequency of the second oscillation member; and
detecting the physical quantity based on the oscillation frequency of the first oscillation member and the oscillation frequency of the second oscillation member.

US Pat. No. 10,168,193

SENSOR WITH SWITCHING MATRIX SWITCH

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A sensor system comprising:a sensor comprising a plurality of sensor cells arranged in a sensor matrix of sensor cell columns and rows and configured to generate data related to a physical parameter;
a matrix switching component comprising a set of switching columns and switching rows coupled to the plurality of sensor cells and configured to generate a plurality of communication routes; and
a controller configured to selectively activate a communication route of the plurality of communication routes by activating a plurality of switching elements through the matrix switching component between an input/output port and a first set of sensor cells, and further configured to dynamically reassign the communication route comprising the plurality of activated switching elements to a second set of sensor cells having different sensors cells than the first set of sensor cells based on one or more criteria.

US Pat. No. 10,168,192

DETERMINING VALUES OF ANGULAR GAUGES

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus, comprising:one or more computing processors;
an image receiver to generate a binary image from a first image of an angular gauge, identify a portion of the binary image containing the angular gauge, and crop the binary image to the identified portion to generate a cropped binary image;
an angular mapper to operate on the one or more computing processors to generate an angular map from the cropped binary image, wherein the angular map associates positions of a needle of the angular gauge with numerical values; and
a gauge reader to operate on the one or more computing processors to determine a value indicated by the needle of the angular gauge in a second image of the angular gauge based on the angular map;
wherein, for an intermediate angle in between two angles which are mapped in the angular map, the gauge reader is to interpolate a value for the intermediate angle from the two mapped angles, the two mapped angles being mapped angles closest to the intermediate angle.

US Pat. No. 10,168,191

METHODS FOR FABRICATING APPARATUS HAVING A HERMETIC SEAL

DUNAN SENSING LLC, San J...

1. An apparatus having a hermetic seal comprising:a housing with a top and bottom and a first hole that passes through the housing from the top to the bottom wherein the housing further comprises a first cavity with an inner wall, outer wall and first cavity bottom and the first cavity extends down into the housing from the top and surrounds the first hole and wherein the housing further comprises a second cavity that extends down into the housing from the top and surrounds, and is coaxial with, the first cavity;
a disk shaped metal seal with a second hole through a center of the disk wherein the disk shaped metal seal is located on the first cavity bottom wherein the disk shaped metal seal surrounds and is coaxial with the inner wall;
an isolation member coupled to a sensor and extending down into the first cavity on top of the disk shaped metal seal between the inner wall and outer wall of the first cavity; and
a collar pressed down into the housing and into the second cavity wherein the collar has a third hole that passes through the collar and the sensor extends up into the third hole and wherein the collar crimps the outer wall against the isolation member.

US Pat. No. 10,168,190

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT INFORMATION

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A mobile device comprising:a sensor configured to measure an environmental factor and obtain first data based on the measured environmental factor;
a communication module configured to receive, from at least one external mobile device, second data obtained by the at least one external mobile device;
a processor configured to generate environment information on an area in which the mobile device is located, calculated from the first data and the received second data; and
an output module configured to display the environment information,
wherein the first data, the second data and the environment information are associated with the same environmental factor including at least one of temperature, humidity, concentration of carbon dioxide, atmospheric pressure, and an ultraviolet index on the area in which the mobile device is located,
wherein the mobile device requests second data from the at least one external mobile device through a provision server, and
wherein the mobile device receives, from the provision server, at least one second data obtained by the at least one external mobile device.

US Pat. No. 10,168,189

CONTAMINATION AND DEFECT RESISTANT OPTICAL ENCODER CONFIGURATION FOR PROVIDING DISPLACEMENT SIGNAL HAVING A PLURALITY OF SPATIAL PHASE DETECTORS ARRANGED IN A SPATIAL PHASE SEQUENCE ALONG A DIRECTION TRANSVERSE TO THE MEASURING AXIS

Mitutoyo Corporation, Ka...

1. A contamination and defect resistant optical encoder configuration for providing displacement signals, comprising:an illumination portion that transmits source light to a scale along a source light path;
a scale that extends along a measuring axis direction, the scale comprising a periodic pattern comprising bars that are narrow along the measuring axis direction and elongated along a Y direction perpendicular to the measuring axis direction, and that are arranged periodically along the measuring axis direction, the scale inputting the source light along the source light path and outputting scale light along a scale light path; and
a photodetector configuration that receives a periodic scale light pattern from the scale along a scale light path, the periodic scale light pattern displacing past the photodetector configuration corresponding to a relative displacement between the scale and the photodetector configuration along the measuring axis direction, wherein:
the photodetector configuration comprises a set of N spatial phase detectors arranged in a spatial phase sequence along a direction transverse to the measuring axis, where N is an integer that is at least 6 and the spatial phase sequence comprises two outer spatial phase detectors at a start and end of the sequence along the direction transverse to the measuring axis and an interior group of spatial phase detectors located between the two outer spatial phase detectors;
at least a majority of the respective spatial phase detectors are relatively elongated along the measuring axis direction and relatively narrow along the direction perpendicular to the measuring axis direction, and comprise scale light receptor areas that are spatially periodic along the measuring axis direction and positioned corresponding to a respective spatial phase of that spatial phase detector relative to the periodic scale light pattern, and are configured to provide a respective spatial phase detector signal; and
each spatial phase detector in the interior group is preceded and followed in the spatial phase sequence by spatial phase detectors that have respective spatial phases that are different from that spatial phase detector and different from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,168,188

SILICA FIBER MEASUREMENT SYSTEM COMPRISING A BRANCHED OPTICAL FIBER EMBEDDED IN A STRUCTURAL ELEMENT

King Fahd University of P...

1. A silica fiber measurement system with branched optical fibers, comprising:a structural element having a branched optical fiber embedded therein, the branched optical fiber including a primary optical fiber segment and at least one secondary optical fiber segment branching therefrom, wherein the primary optical fiber segment and the at least one secondary optical fiber segment are spliced to one another such that respective cores thereof are in optical communication with one another at a point of branching and wherein the secondary optical fiber is made of silica;
a laser optically coupled with the primary optical fiber segment;
one or more fiber Bragg grating sensors on and in optical communication with the primary optical fiber segment and the at least one secondary optical fiber segment; and
an optical spectral analyzer in communication with the plurality of fiber Bragg grating sensors, the optical spectral analyzer receiving signals generated by the fiber Bragg grating sensors representative of a magnitude of a physical parameter of the structural element.

US Pat. No. 10,168,187

EVALUATION CIRCUIT FOR A CAPACITIVE SENSOR, CAPACITIVE SENSOR, AND ACTUATOR IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

IFM ELECTRONIC GMBH, Ess...

1. Evaluation circuit for a capacitive sensor for detecting a distance, a speed or a position of an object, comprising: a reference capacitance and two measuring capacitances, wherein the reference capacitance and the measuring capacitances are supplied with a square-wave voltage via a resistor and by means of a logic unit a time variable pulse is obtained the duration of which is a measure for the respective measuring capacitance, characterized in that the reference capacitance is connected to the input of a first switching stage and the measuring capacitances are connected to the inputs of further switching stages, wherein at least one of the measuring capacitance is capacitively coupled to an auxiliary electrode, wherein the switching stages are part of the logic unit which is designed so that the reaching of a threshold voltage of the first switching stage determines the switch-on time of an output signal and the reaching of a threshold voltage of a further switching stage determines the switch-off time of the output signal, and wherein the output of the logic unit is connected to the input of an integration stage, wherein a charging capacitor is charged or discharged via the output of the integration stage, wherein the capacitive coupling between the auxiliary electrode and at least one measuring electrode for the formation of at least one of the measuring capacitance is accomplished by an electric field extending outside a sensor assembly comprising the auxiliary and measuring electrodes, such that the capacitive coupling can be influenced by the object, which is structurally located outside the sensor assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,168,186

SENSOR FOR DETECTING A PERIOD MAGNETIC FIELD

NTN-SNR ROULEMENTS, Anne...

1. A detection sensor for detecting a periodic magnetic field comprising a measuring assembly integrating at least one magnetoresistive element, electrical resistance of the magnetoresistive element varies as a function of the amplitude of the component of said periodic magnetic field in a direction X, said magnetoresistive element comprising a stack of two conductive magnetic layers indicated as reference and sensitive layers, respectively, a separation layer is disposed between the reference and sensitive layers, so that the electrical resistance of said stack is dependent on the relative orientation of the magnetization of the reference and sensitive layers, said detection sensor further comprising an electronic circuit configured to use the variations in said electrical resistance in order to deliver a signal representing the magnetic field to be detected, the reference layer having magnetic anisotropy in the direction X and the sensitive layer having magnetic anisotropy in a direction Y perpendicular to the direction X, said detection sensor including a permanent polarization magnet having a surface extending in a plane of directions X and Y and having a symmetry plane of directions X and Z, the direction Z being perpendicular to the directions X and Y and being the direction along which the magnetic field of said permanent polarization magnet mainly extends, the measuring assembly being disposed with respect to the symmetry plane of the permanent polarization magnet so that the reference layer, the sensitive layer, and the separation layer of the magnetoresistive element are disposed in a plane parallel to the surface while being offset from said plane in the direction Y by a distance (?y) that is arranged so that the magnetic field of the permanent polarization magnet orients the magnetization of the sensitive layer in the direction Y while allowing variations in the orientation of said magnetization according to the component of the direction X of the magnetic field to be detected, said variations in magnetization causing a linear variation in the electrical resistance of the magnetoresistive element over a magnetic field range to be detected, and the measuring assembly being offset from the symmetry plane by a distance (?y) that lies between 5 and 15% of the dimension (Dy) of the surface of the polarization magnet in the direction Y.

US Pat. No. 10,168,185

CIRCUIT BOARDS AND ELECTRONIC PACKAGES WITH EMBEDDED TAMPER-RESPONDENT SENSOR

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of fabricating an electronic circuit comprising:providing a multilayer circuit board;
providing an enclosure mounted to the multilayer circuit board within a groove in the multilayer circuit board; and
providing a tamper-respondent sensor embedded within the multilayer circuit board, the tamper-respondent sensor defining, at least in part, a secure volume associated with the multilayer circuit board, and comprising:
multiple tamper-respondent layers within the multilayer circuit board, the multiple tamper-respondent layers being spaced apart, parallel layers within the multilayer circuit board that facilitate defining the secure volume, at least in part, within the multilayer circuit board, and the multiple tamper-respondent layers comprising:
at least one tamper-respondent picture frame-type layer encircling the secure volume within the multilayer circuit board, a tamper-respondent picture frame-type layer of the at least one tamper-respondent picture frame-type layer comprising one or more conductive trace lines extending horizontally around the tamper-respondent picture frame-type layer within the multilayer circuit board and encircling the secure volume within the multilayer circuit board, wherein the one or more conductive trace lines of the tamper-respondent picture frame-type layer encircling the secure volume within the multilayer circuit board are encircled or intersected by the groove in the multilayer circuit board; and
at least one tamper-respondent mat layer forming a base of the secure volume within the multilayer circuit board, the at least one tamper-respondent picture frame-type layer being disposed over the at least one tamper-respondent mat layer.

US Pat. No. 10,168,184

ANGLE SENSING IN AN OFF-AXIS CONFIGURATION

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A system, comprising:a magnet fixed to a rotatable object,
the rotatable object being positioned to concentrically rotate about an axis; and
a magnetic angle sensor configured to determine a rotation angle of the rotatable object based on a rotating magnetic field produced by the magnet and sensed by the magnetic angle sensor,
the rotating magnetic field having a radial component and a tangential component,
the magnetic angle sensor being positioned at a sensor position having a radial distance from the axis of a least half a magnet radius of the magnet, where,
the magnetic angle sensor being positioned at the sensor position based on an amplitude of the radial component being no more than 10% different than an amplitude of the tangential component at the sensor position having the radial distance from the axis of a least half the magnet radius of the magnet, or
the magnetic angle sensor being positioned at the sensor position based on a gradient magnitude of the radial component being no more than 10% different than a gradient magnitude of the tangential component at the sensor position having the radial distance from the axis of a least half the magnet radius of the magnet.

US Pat. No. 10,168,183

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING FAILURE WITHIN RESOLVER

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

7. A system for determining a failure within a resolver, comprising:a memory configured to store program instructions; and
a controller configured to execute the program instructions, the program instructions when executed configured to:
detect resolver output signals;
calculate an average value and a deviation value of the detected signals;
determine whether the calculated average value and the calculated deviation value is a mono signal average value or greater;
determine whether the calculated average value and the calculated deviation value is a Lissajous value or greater;
determine whether the calculated average value and the calculated deviation value is a mono signal deviation value or greater;
determine a disconnection or a short circuit of the resolver using the calculated average value and deviation values; and
operating a motor, in which the resolver is disposed, to be stopped in response to detecting the disconnection of the resolver and increasing a counter to the deviation value or greater to determine a failure mode.

US Pat. No. 10,168,182

SHAFT ENCODER WITH MAGNETIC SHIELD

1. A shaft encoder arrangement comprising:a rotary position measuring device determining a rotary position of a rotatable body, wherein the measuring device comprises:
at least one magnetic material dimensional scale fastened to the rotatable body; and
at least one sensor device positioned to scan the magnetic material dimensional scale based on magnetic measuring of the magnetic material of the dimensional scale, wherein the sensor device lies at least partially within a space at least partially enclosed by the magnetic material dimensional scale;
a circumferential magnetic shield, wherein the dimensional scale is at least partially enclosed by the circumferential magnetic shield and is nonrotatably mounted on the circumferential magnetic shield; and
an additional shield, wherein the shield is pushed in the additional shield or the shield is pushed over the additional shield and the additional shield is fastened to the shield with the magnetic material dimensional scale to form a torsionally rigid fastened connection.

US Pat. No. 10,168,181

METER READING DEVICE AND SYSTEM

Arnon Maman, Naale (IL) ...

1. A device for reading a meter that includes a display area covered by a display cover, the device comprising:an electronics assembly including an image sensor for capturing an image of the display area of the meter, the image sensor including a lens having a field of view;
a housing including a cover coupled to a base member including an aperture, the base member for communicating with the display cover of the meter, the electronics assembly being retained between the base member and the cover such that the lens is aligned with the aperture; and
a fastening member including a hollow section accommodating a top portion of the cover to pass therethrough, the fastening member further including a mechanism for attaching the fastening member to a portion of the meter so as to maintain the display area of the meter in the field of view of the lens and bring the base member into communication with the display cover.

US Pat. No. 10,168,180

ELECTRONIC FLIGHT DATA DISPLAY INSTRUMENT

Aspen Avionics, Inc., Al...

1. An informational display unit for an aircraft having an instrument panel, the unit comprising:a panel having a front side and a rear side;
at least one display disposed on the front side of the panel to convey information; and
a first protrusion protruding from the rear side of the panel, the first protrusion being configured to be received by a first pre-existing instrument hole of the instrument panel when the unit is moved to a first position relative to the instrument panel,
wherein said panel is configured to extend over a second pre-existing instrument hole of the instrument panel when the unit is moved to the first position, the first and second pre-existing instrument holes being displaced from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,168,179

VEHICLE DISPLAY SYSTEM AND METHOD WITH ENHANCED VISION SYSTEM AND SYNTHETIC VISION SYSTEM IMAGE DISPLAY

HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL I...

1. An aircraft display system for displaying enhanced vision (EV) and synthetic vision (SV) images to an operator associated with an aircraft, comprising:an EV image sensor configured to generate EV images;
an SV database containing information regarding terrain and objects of interest for a travel path of the aircraft as objects of interest data;
an SV image generating unit for generating SV images based on travel of said aircraft and information from said SV database;
a display configured to display images generated by said EV image sensor and said SV image generating unit;
an EV image sensor control unit configured to control a field of view of said EV image sensor, the EV image sensor control unit comprising:
a priority unit coupled to the SV database and configured to determine priority levels for the objects of interest, wherein the priority unit selects a first object of interest for display on the display based on the priority levels and the travel path,
an integrity unit coupled to the SV database and configured to assign integrity levels to the objects of interest, including a first integrity level for the first object of interest, wherein each of the integrity levels is based on a confidence level of the objects of interest data stored in the SV database associated with the respective object of interest, and
a sensor area optimizing unit coupled to the priority unit and the integrity unit and configured to (i) assign an imaging area within the field of view with an area size based on the first integrity level of the first object of interest and (ii) output steering control signals to the EV image sensor based on the assigned imaging area.

US Pat. No. 10,168,178

NAVIGATION DEVICE AND CONTENT OUTPUT CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

SK PLANET CO., LTD., Seo...

1. A navigation device for controlling an output of content, comprising:a position identifier configured to provide position information corresponding to a moving speed of an object and a location of the object;
a communicator configured to receive, via a network, a content from a content server and stop period information corresponding to a stop period at the location of the object from a navigation server, wherein the received content comprises an audio content and a video content;
a memory configured to store the received content;
a speaker configured to output the audio content;
a display configured to output the video content; and
a processor connected with the position identifier, the communicator, the speaker, and the display, the processor configured to:
receive the position information, the stop period information and the content;
identify the moving speed of the object and the location of the object based on the received position information;
identify the stop period corresponding to the identified location from the stop period information;
determine a safety level based on at least one of the identified moving speed of the object, the identified location of the object, or the identified stop period,
when it is determined that the safety level is low, block the received content such that neither the audio content nor the video content is output, wherein the safety level is low at least when the identified moving speed is greater than a predetermined speed;
when it is determined that the safety level is medium, control the received content such that only the audio content is output for a predetermined interval and the video content is not output, wherein the safety level is medium at least when the identified stop period is less than a predetermined amount of time; and
when it is determined that the safety level is high, allow output of both the audio content and the video content, wherein the safety level is high at least when the identified stop period is greater than or equal to the predetermined amount of time.

US Pat. No. 10,168,177

NAVIGATION SYSTEM WITH DESTINATION ACTION MECHANISM AND METHOD OF OPERATION THEREOF

Telenav, Inc., Santa Cla...

1. A navigation system comprising:a control unit, including a processor, configured to:
receive an origin location of a user device;
calculate a travel route from the origin location to an expected destination;
determine a destination action for execution by a destination device at the expected destination;
detect a route deviation from the travel route;
determine a deviation type of the route deviation based on analysis of a communication context of a communication received by a user of the user device as the cause for the route deviation, wherein the communication received is from a different user and the analysis of the communication context includes one of text recognition or speech recognition of a content of the communication;
generate an action modification as an adjustment to the destination action based on the deviation type; and
a communication unit, coupled to the control unit, configured to:
interface with the destination device to execute the destination action adjusted by the action modification.

US Pat. No. 10,168,176

VISUALIZING UNIDIRECTIONAL TRAFFIC INFORMATION

International Business Ma...

1. A computer-implemented method for providing unidirectional traffic flow distributions, comprising:generating a directed graph representing a position of a vehicle and a road network within a predetermined distance of the position of the vehicle, wherein vertices represent decision points along an edge, and edges represent route segments between adjacent vertices;
determining a plurality of travel routes between the position of the vehicle and a destination within the directed graph by estimating a shortest path and at least one index for each edge in the directed graph, wherein each travel route includes one or more edges;
selecting at least one travel route from the plurality of travel routes; and
outputting, on a display device, unidirectional traffic congestion information on a roadmap corresponding to the directed graph, concurrently, for edges included along the plurality of travel routes in a direction of travel of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,168,174

AUGMENTED REALITY FOR VEHICLE LANE GUIDANCE

1. A method comprising:responsive to determining that environment data fails to indicate that a driver of a vehicle can identify lane lines on a road in front of the vehicle, generating line data by:
retrieving global positioning system (GPS) data that describes a location of the vehicle;
determining a portion of a lane map that corresponds to the GPS data for the location, wherein the lane map describes the lane lines for a geographic area; and
generating the line data based on the portion of the lane map;
generating graphical data based on the line data, wherein the graphical data causes a viewing device to display the lane lines;
providing the graphical data to the viewing device; and
determining based on head position data generated by the viewing device to instruct the viewing device to display a graphical overlay depicting the lane lines, wherein the head position data describes an orientation of the driver and the graphical data is modified based on the head position data so that the lane lines included in the graphical overlay displayed by the viewing device includes only lines that would actually be visible by the driver.

US Pat. No. 10,168,173

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR USING VISUAL LANDMARKS IN INITIAL NAVIGATION

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method for providing initial navigation guidance, the method comprising:determining, by one or more processors, a route from a current location of a portable device to a destination, the route including a sequence of directed sections;
generating, by the one or more processors, navigation instructions to guide a user of the portable device along the route to the destination, including, in response to determining that the portable computing device is at rest at the current location:
identifying candidate navigation landmarks perceptible within a 360-degree range of the current location of the portable device,
selecting, from among the candidate navigation landmarks, a navigation landmark disposed in a direction substantially opposite to the direction of the first one in the sequence of directed sections, and
generating an initial instruction in the navigation instructions, the initial instruction referencing the selected navigation landmark; and
causing the initial navigation instruction to be provided via a user interface of the portable device.

US Pat. No. 10,168,172

NETWORK MAP RECONSTRUCTION FROM MESSAGE DATA

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method, by a processor, for network reconstruction from message data, comprising:constructing a digital map using one or more messages of a plurality of vehicles obtained at a plurality of control points of a route network;
analyzing the digital map to estimate a feasibility of simultaneous trajectories of the plurality of vehicles between selected locations in the route network; and
inferring physical locations of the plurality of control points according to detected stations in the route network, one or more known anchor control points of the detected stations, and estimated travel time between the one or more anchor control points; wherein the digital map is automatically constructed and updated in real-time using the one or more messages by the processor without prior knowledge of the route network and with no manual input from a user.

US Pat. No. 10,168,171

APPARATUS AND METHODS OF DETERMINING PATHS THROUGH AN ELECTRONIC MAP

TOMTOM NAVIGATION B.V., ...

1. A method of generating a minimum cost path through a navigable network, the navigable network being represented by an electronic map comprising a plurality of segments representing navigable segments of the navigable network, the method comprising:receiving a selection of one of a plurality of stored routes, each of the stored routes being defined as a plurality of point locations to be travelled between in a predefined order and including data indicative of a polyline, the polyline representing a route between said point locations;
determining a minimum cost path along segments of the electronic map between the plurality of point locations of the selected route, the minimum cost path traversing the plurality of point locations in an order based on the predefined order associated with the selected route, the determining comprising using the polyline data in determining the minimum cost path; and
providing navigation instructions to a user to guide the user along the minimum cost path.

US Pat. No. 10,168,170

PRESENTING ROUTING INFORMATION FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES

Recargo, Inc., Venice, C...

1. A non-transitory computer-readable storage medium whose contents, when executed by a mobile application supported by a mobile device and connected to multiple charging networks that provide charging stations for electric vehicles and to a computing system of an electric vehicle, cause the mobile application to perform operations, the operations comprising:receiving a request from the electric vehicle to find an available charging station;
identifying one or more charging stations that satisfy parameters for a current trip of the electric vehicle that is associated with the request;
automatically selecting a charging station that is a best match for the electric vehicle,
wherein the automatic selection of the charging station includes:
automatically reserving the selected charging station on behalf of the electric vehicle; and
automatically providing payment for use of the selected charging station by the electric vehicle to a charging network that controls the charging station; and
displaying, via a user interface associated with the electric vehicle, information that indicates the charging station has been automatically selected.

US Pat. No. 10,168,169

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CALCULATING DTE WHEN SETTING PATH OF NAVIGATION

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for calculating a distance to empty (DTE) when setting a path of navigation, comprising:when a driving path is set through a navigation system, receiving, by a vehicle controller, path search cases from the navigation system;
determining, by the vehicle controller, whether the path search case is a case in which a path is cancelled by a user, a case in which a vehicle arrives at a destination, or a case in which the navigation system searches for the path, among the path search cases;
determining, by the vehicle controller, whether the path search case is a case in which the path is initially set or a case in which the path is reset by the user after initially setting the path, among the path search cases;
when the path search case is not the case in which the path is initially set or is not the case in which the path is reset after initially setting the path, among the path search cases, determining, by the vehicle controller, whether there is a currently guided path;
when the path search case is the case in which the path is initially set, the case in which the path is reset after initially setting the path, or the case in which there is the currently guided path, among the path search cases, calculating, by the vehicle controller, a path reflected DTE through the navigation system; and
calculating, by the vehicle controller, path reflected prediction fuel efficiency using the path reflected DTE calculated in real time, after calculating the path reflected DTE,
wherein the path reflected DTE before the vehicle arrives at the destination is calculated by controlling a reflection ratio of the path reflected prediction fuel efficiency and a learning fuel efficiency as the vehicle drives along the path.

US Pat. No. 10,168,168

SUB-OPTIMIZATION OF INDIVIDUAL ROUTES TO OPTIMIZE RIDESHARING FLEET

Via Transportation, Inc.,...

1. A system for managing a fleet of ridesharing vehicles, the system comprising:a communications interface configured to receive requests for shared rides from a plurality of users;
at least one processor configured to:
identify a first ridesharing vehicle and a second ridesharing vehicle that are currently without passengers;
receive via the communications interface, a first request for a shared ride from a first user, the first request including information related to a first pick-up location of the first user and a first desired destination of the first user;
receive, via the communications interface, a second request for a shared ride from a second user, the second request including information related to a second pick-up location of the second user and a second desired destination of the second user;
assign the first user and the second user to the first ridesharing vehicle;
generate a route to the first ridesharing vehicle for picking up and dropping off each of the first user and the second user;
receive, via the communications interface, a third request for a shared ride from a third user, the third request including information related to a third pick-up location of the third user and a third desired destination of the third user;
calculate a first expected arrival time of the first ridesharing vehicle at the third pick-up location;
calculate a second expected arrival time of the second ridesharing vehicle at the third pick-up location, wherein the second expected arrival time is sooner than the first expected arrival time;
when both the first expected arrival time and the second expected arrival time are below a predetermined threshold, assign the third user to the first ridesharing vehicle; and
generate an updated route for the first ridesharing vehicle to pick-up the third user.

US Pat. No. 10,168,167

PURPOSEFULLY SELECTING LONGER ROUTES TO IMPROVE USER SATISFACTION

VIA TRANSPORTATION, INC.,...

1. An automated ridesharing dispatch system, comprising:a communications interface configured to:
receive ride requests from a plurality of users, wherein each ride request includes a starting point and a desired destination;
receive from a plurality of communication devices associated with a plurality of ridesharing vehicles, indications of current locations of the plurality of ridesharing vehicles;
memory configured to store a plurality of rules including a rule to select a fastest route for guiding a ridesharing vehicle, and a rule for reducing backtracking, even in instances where backtracking would result in shorter travel time; and
at least one processor configured to:
assign the plurality of users to a common ridesharing vehicle;
use the stored plurality of rules to determine a route for the ridesharing vehicle other than the fastest route, the determined route is selected to account for the rule for reducing backtracking and includes a plurality of pick-up and drop-off locations associated with the starting points and desired destinations of the plurality of users;
in order to reduce backtracking, direct the ridesharing vehicle along the determined route other than the fastest route; and
receive real time traffic data and calculate an expected travel-time change associated with users currently riding in the ridesharing vehicle when the ridesharing vehicle is directed along a route with backtracking as compared to a route with reduced backtracking.

US Pat. No. 10,168,166

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SEARCHING ROUTE

THINKWARE CORPORATION, S...

1. A route search method implemented with a computer, comprising:displaying a map screen on a screen of an electronic device;
verifying a position selected on the map screen according to a movement event of a user for a user interface region for adding at least one of a departure point, a destination, or a stop or an indication line indicating a previously searched route;
determining a road, corresponding to the verified position, as a new passing road;
searching a route, between the departure point and the destination, including the new passing road; and
displaying a map screen, associated with the searched route, again on the screen of the electronic device,
wherein, on the screen of the electronic device, a user interface in the user interface region for adding, when the user interface is dragged and dropped into a position on the map screen by the movement event, the stop on the dropped position on the map screen is displayed independently of the displayed map screen and the searched route,
wherein the displayed searched route includes the stop added on the dropped position, and
wherein the method further comprises:
displaying a deletion user interface on the screen of the electronic device independently of the displayed map screen and the searched route; and
when the added stop on the searched route is dragged and dropped into the deletion user interface by a movement event of the user, removing the added stop on the searched route, and re-searching a route between the departure point and the destination in which the added stop is not included.

US Pat. No. 10,168,165

DRIVER GUIDANCE FOR GUIDED MANEUVERING

Modular Mining Systems, I...

1. A system, comprising:a position sensor configured to identify a location of a vehicle;
an interface device configured to generate feedback; and
a controller connected to the position sensor and the interface device, the controller being configured to:
identify a destination for the vehicle,
determine a location of the destination, the location of the destination being at least partially determined by a location of a shovel and a loading radius of the shovel,
determine a heading of the destination, the heading of the destination being at least partially determined by an orientation of a bucket of the shovel when the bucket is positioned over the destination,
compare the location of the vehicle to the location of the destination to determine a location difference,
compare a heading of the vehicle to the heading of the destination to determine a heading offset, and
generate feedback on the interface device, wherein the feedback is determined by the location difference and the heading offset.

US Pat. No. 10,168,164

INTEGRATING RIDE HAILING SERVICES INTO A NAVIGATION APPLICATION

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A method implemented by a computing device, the computing device comprising a display, one or more processors and a memory device, the method comprising:receiving, by a mapping application running on a computing device, a first user input specifying a route from a start location to a destination location;
presenting, by the mapping application, the route and a ride hailing transportation option corresponding to a ride hailing service on the display of the computing device;
receiving, by the mapping application, a second user input selecting the ride hailing transportation option;
invoking, by the mapping application, a ride hailing extension corresponding to a ride hailing application of the ride hailing service, where the mapping application remains on the display of the computing device; and
reserving, by the mapping application, via the ride hailing extension, a ride with the ride hailing service without displaying the ride hailing application on the display.

US Pat. No. 10,168,163

NAVIGATION SYSTEM, NAVIGATION METHOD, AND NAVIGATION PROGRAM

AISIN AW CO., LTD., Anjo...

1. A navigation system comprising:a memory storing a computer-executable navigation program; and
a processor that, when executing the stored program:
sets a reference route satisfying a predetermined first setting condition as a normal travel route;
outputs on an output device information on the set normal travel route when a guidance route for providing guidance to a user is not set;
when the user has traveled along a temporary route that shares a start point and an end point with the reference route and is different from the reference route, specifies a temporary travel factor that is a factor in which the user traveled along the temporary route;
sets a second setting condition that varies depending on a content of the specified temporary travel factor; and
changes the normal travel route from the reference route to the temporary route, based on the second setting condition.

US Pat. No. 10,168,162

NAVIGATION APPARATUS AND MAPPING SYSTEM USING PERSONAL CONTACTS

Uber Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A navigation apparatus comprising:a route guidance information generator, operable on a computing device, configured to receive a plurality of personal contacts from a personal contacts database in the memory of a remote device, the personal contacts database storing a plurality of contact identifiers, corresponding location information for each one of the plurality of contact identifiers, and corresponding contact information for each one of the plurality of contact identifiers, the contact information comprising at least one of a phone number and an e-mail address, each one of the personal contacts received from the personal contacts database comprising one or more of:
the corresponding identifier for the one of the personal contacts; and
the corresponding location information for the one of the personal contacts,
the route guidance information generator being further configured to generate and store, in a computer memory of the computing device, route guidance information for each one of the plurality of personal contacts to be used for route guidance for routes that traverse near each personal contact, and
the route guidance information generator being further configured to generate route guidance information based on route guidance criteria, the route guidance information comprising at least one of the plurality of personal contacts, the route guidance information generator being configured to select the at least one of the plurality of contacts based on at least one rating for suitability for route guidance associated with the at least one of the plurality of contacts, the at least one rating having been input by a user or users of the navigation apparatus and stored in a database in association with the at least one of the plurality of contacts.

US Pat. No. 10,168,161

CHANGING A POSITION DETERMINATION SCHEME USED BY A USER EQUIPMENT DURING A TRANSITION BETWEEN INDOOR AND OUTDOOR SPACES RELATIVE TO AN ENCLOSED ENVIRONMENT

Qualcomm Incorporated, S...

1. A method of operating a user equipment (UE), comprising:obtaining, by the UE, transition region information that characterizes a set of indoor-to-outdoor transition regions between an indoor space and an outdoor space relative to a given enclosed environment and a set of outdoor-to-indoor transition regions between the indoor space and the outdoor space relative to the given enclosed environment that is separate from the set of indoor-to-outdoor transition regions, wherein the set of indoor-to-outdoor transition regions is defined based on measurements that indicate an availability of an indoor positioning scheme based on a first wireless technology, wherein the set of indoor-to-outdoor transition regions includes a plurality of non-overlapping indoor-to-outdoor transition regions and the set of outdoor-to-indoor transition regions includes a plurality of non-overlapping outdoor-to-indoor transition regions, wherein each non-overlapping indoor-to-outdoor transition region includes and/or is in proximity to a different point of exit out of the given enclosed environment, wherein each non-overlapping outdoor-to-indoor transition region includes and/or is in proximity to a different point of entry into the given enclosed environment, and wherein at least one of the different points of exit is the same as at least one of the different points of entry;
tracking, by the UE, a location of the UE using the indoor positioning scheme while the UE is operating within the indoor space;
detecting, by the UE based on the location tracking using the indoor positioning scheme, that the UE has entered into a given indoor-to-outdoor transition region from the set of indoor-to-outdoor transition regions; and
initiating, by the UE, location tracking of the UE using an outdoor positioning scheme based on a second wireless technology that is different from the first wireless technology in response to the detection.

US Pat. No. 10,168,160

TARGET RECOGNITION AND LOCALIZATION METHODS USING A LASER SENSOR FOR WHEELED MOBILE ROBOTS

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. A mobile robot target system, comprising:a mobile robot; and
a laser scanner operably connected to the mobile robot, wherein the laser scanner includes a laser sensor that is mounted on a rotary actuator of the mobile robot and unilaterally scans an area around the mobile robot to detect a target, wherein the mobile robot is localized based on the detection of the target by the laser sensor, wherein detecting the target includes detecting edges on the target and recognizing a pattern of the target based on the scanning by the laser sensor, wherein the target is detected by distance measurements performed by the laser sensor scanning a surface of the target unilaterally with a laser beam, and based on uniquely combined depth variations.

US Pat. No. 10,168,159

MAGNETOMETER ARRAYS FOR INERTIAL NAVIGATION, MAPPING, AND DRIFT COMPENSATION

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A system, comprising:a magnetometer array of at least three magnetometers arranged in a fixed configuration in which the magnetometers are spaced apart from one another; and
one or more circuits being programmed or configured to:
receive magnetic field vector values from each of the magnetometers in the magnetometer array; and
compute Jacobian matrix values from the received magnetic field vector values.

US Pat. No. 10,168,158

NAVIGATION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ERROR CORRECTION

1. A method for error correction in a navigation system comprising a base navigation system including base sensors and a correction navigation system including correction sensors, wherein the base sensors and the correction sensors each acquire measurements, and the method comprises:assigning measurement uncertainties to each measurement and computing error thresholds on the basis of the measurement uncertainties;
determining redundant measurements;
determining residuals for the redundant measurements as a discrepancy measure for the redundant measurements by comparing different results computed by subsets of the redundant measurements which differ at least partially;
increasing an error count for each of the redundant measurements involved in determination of the residuals which exceed the respective error thresholds;
individually summing up for each redundant measurement the residuals determined for a particular measurement;
selecting measurements on the basis of the respective error count and the summed up residuals and supplying the selected measurements to a fusion filter for calculating correction values;
correcting, in the fusion filter, the measurements of the base system with the calculated correction values,
calculating output data, by the fusion filter, from the corrected measurements and outputting the output data comprising values for position, orientation and velocity.

US Pat. No. 10,168,157

SMOOTHED NAVIGATION SOLUTION USING FILTERED RESETS

Honeywell International I...

1. A navigation system comprising:at least one inertial sensor configured to detect motion of the system and generate inertial data;
at least one aiding device configured to generate aiding device measurement data;
at least one processing unit configured to generate an un-smoothed navigation solution based on the inertial data and the aiding device measurement data, the un-smoothed navigation solution inclusive of state variable error resets for a state variable;
wherein the at least one processing unit is further configured to sum the state variable error resets for the state variable into a cumulative sum of the state variable error resets for the state variable;
wherein the at least one processing unit is further configured to high pass filter the cumulative sum of the state variable error resets for the state variable; and
wherein the at least one processing unit is further configured to subtract the high pass filtered cumulative sum of the state variable error resets for the state variable from the un-smoothed navigation solution to generate a smoothed navigation solution.

US Pat. No. 10,168,156

ORIENT A MOBILE DEVICE COORDINATE SYSTEM TO A VEHICULAR COORDINATE SYSTEM

International Business Ma...

1. A method implemented by a mobile device that includes a processor, a gyroscope, a gravity sensor, and a memory each accessible by the processor, the method comprising:identifying, at the mobile device that is moving with a vehicle, when a rotation of the gyroscope is at a near-zero moment;
computing, by the mobile device, a primary eigenvector based on a set of computed acceleration values of the vehicle;
detecting, at the mobile device, an acceleration as being on a plane that is near-perpendicular with a gravity sensed by the gravity sensor;
determining a direction of the vehicle based on the primary eigenvector as being parallel to a direction of the detected acceleration; and
aligning a coordinate system used in the mobile device with a different coordinate system of the vehicle based on the determined direction of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,168,155

PRESENTING INFORMATION FOR A CURRENT LOCATION OR TIME

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method comprising:determining, based at least in part on a first communication and a second communication that are each associated with a user of a computing device, an event occurring at a future location and a future time;
applying a first tag associated with the future time to a portion of information included in the first communication;
generating, a link between the first tag and a second tag applied to a portion of information included in the second communication; and
responsive to determining, based on the first tag, that a current time associated with the computing device is within a threshold amount of time of the future time, outputting, by the computing device, based on the link, an audible indication that alerts the user about the event using the portion of information included in the first communication and the portion of information included in the second communication.

US Pat. No. 10,168,154

INTEGRATED MICROELECTROMECHANICAL GYROSCOPE WITH IMPROVED DRIVING STRUCTURE

STMICROELECTRONICS S.R.L....

1. A MEMS gyroscope, comprising:a first mass that, in use, moves in a first direction along a first axis;
a second mass that, in use, moves in a second direction along a second axis, the second axis being transverse to the first axis;
a third mass that, in use, moves in the first direction;
a first elastic coupling element coupled to the first mass and the second mass, the first elastic coupling element, in use, pulls the second mass in the second direction in response to the first mass moving in the first direction; and
a second elastic coupling element coupled to the second mass and the third mass, the second elastic coupling element, in use, pulls the second mass in the second direction in response to the third mass moving in the first direction, the second mass, in use, moves in the second direction only in response to the first mass, the third mass, or both, moving in the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,168,152

USING PHOTOGRAMMETRY TO AID IDENTIFICATION AND ASSEMBLY OF PRODUCT PARTS

International Business Ma...

7. A system for aiding a user in identifying an unidentified part of a plurality of parts to be included in an assembly of a product, the system comprising:a memory;
a processor in communication with the memory, the processor configured to perform a method comprising:
obtaining a plurality of images of the unidentified part of the product captured by the user on a mobile device camera;
determining, based on the plurality of images of the unidentified part, lengths of dimensions of the unidentified part;
generating, based on the plurality of images of the unidentified part, a three-dimensional model of the unidentified part;
obtaining an identifier of the product, wherein the product identifier is selected by the user on the mobile device;
selecting, based on the obtained product identifier and from a product database containing information about different parts included in a plurality of different products, the plurality of parts from among the different parts;
obtaining, based on the selection and from the product database, lengths of dimensions of the plurality of parts;
comparing the lengths of dimensions of the unidentified part to the lengths of the corresponding dimensions of the plurality of parts;
identifying, based on the compared lengths, a subset of the plurality of parts that have dimension lengths within a threshold of the corresponding dimension lengths of the unidentified part;
obtaining, based on the identification of the subset and from the product database, a three-dimensional model of each part within the subset of the plurality of parts;
comparing, for each part within the subset, the three-dimensional model of the unidentified part to the three-dimensional model of that part within the subset by overlaying the three-dimensional model of that part within the subset onto the three-dimensional model of the unidentified part;
determining, based on the compared models, an identify of the unidentified part; and notifying the user of the identity of the unidentified part.

US Pat. No. 10,168,151

GEARBOX ORIENTATION SYSTEM

1. A gearbox orientation system comprising:at least one sensor for measuring sensed data of a gearbox;
at least one microcontroller in communication with the at least one sensor for determining indicator data using the sensed data;
at least one indicator in communication with the at least one microcontroller for providing indications using the indicator data; and
at least one housing including an indicator and an internal port for pairing a wireless transmitter and a wireless receiver,
wherein the wireless transmitter is in communication with the at least one microcontroller for transmitting the indicator data, and
wherein the wireless receiver is in communication with the at least one indicator for receiving the indicator data.

US Pat. No. 10,168,150

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR AUTO-LEVELING STEERING WHEEL

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A system for auto-leveling a steering wheel, the system comprising:an angle sensor configured to sense an inclination of the steering wheel;
a controller configured to control a driving of a motor driven power steering (MDPS);
a communication unit configured to wirelessly transmit an angle measured by the angle sensor to the controller;
a body on which the angle sensor and the communication unit are installed; and
a fixer configured to fix the body to the steering wheel, the fixer including a hook disposed on a center of the body and hooked on an inner circumference surface of the steering wheel,
wherein the controller is further configured to:
i) a calculate an adjustment amount of the steering wheel based on the angle measured by the angle sensor,
ii) drive the MDPS until the steering wheel is aligned at a normal position,
iii) recognize that the steering is aligned at the normal position when the angle measured by the angle sensor is approximately zero degrees, and
iv) lock the MDPS by transmitting a normal position control signal to the MDPS.

US Pat. No. 10,168,149

FORAGE BIOMASS ESTIMATION DEVICES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS

NOBLE RESEARCH INSTITUTE,...

1. A system for estimating forage growth at an area of interest, comprising:a mobile support;
a laser sensor supported by the mobile support and configured to sense a first time-of-flight corresponding to the forage growth at the area of interest to generate laser forage data corresponding to the forage growth, the laser sensor disposed in a first plane;
an ultrasonic sensor supported by the mobile support and positionally associated with the laser sensor, the ultrasonic sensor being configured to sense a second time-of-flight corresponding to the forage growth at the area of interest to generate ultrasonic forage data corresponding to the forage growth, the ultrasonic sensor disposed in a second plane, the second plane configured to be positioned independent of the first plane; and
a processing unit configured to:
receive the laser forage data from the laser sensor and the ultrasonic forage data from the ultrasonic sensor; and
determine a measured forage growth value as a growth function of the laser forage data and the ultrasonic forage data.

US Pat. No. 10,168,148

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR RECOGNIZING POSITION MARK

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display substrate, comprising:a substrate, and a first pattern and a second pattern formed on a first side of the substrate;
wherein the second pattern is disposed between the first pattern and the substrate, and the first pattern comprises at least one first through hole directly facing the second pattern; and
wherein the first pattern and the second pattern are formed of materials having different reflectances, and the first through hole serves as a positioning mark on a first side of the substrate for positioning the first side of the substrate;
the second pattern comprises a second through hole directly facing the first pattern;
a forward projection of the second through-hole on the first side of the substrate is shifted from a forward projection of the first through-hole on the first side of the substrate;
the second through hole serves as a positioning mark on a second side of the substrate for positioning the second side of the substrate; and
the second side is a side opposite to the first side on the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,147

STRUCTURED LIGHT SENSING FOR 3D SENSING

Facebook, Inc., Menlo Pa...

1. An apparatus for projected structured light, using at least one projected pattern, the apparatus comprising:an array of emitters arranged in a plurality of rows, the plurality of rows including a first row that includes at least two independent emitters that are mutually incoherent and a second row that includes at least two independent emitters that are mutually incoherent, and the plurality of rows including variable numbers of operational emitters per row; and
a pattern generator for causing light from the at least two independent emitters of the first row to overlap to form a first part of the projected pattern and light from the at least two independent emitters of the second row to overlap to form a second part of the projected pattern,
wherein the first part of the projected pattern and the second part of the projected pattern do not overlap and the mutual incoherence of the at least two independent emitters in the first row and the mutual incoherence of the at least two independent emitters in the second row reduce speckle noise in the first part of the projected pattern and the second part of the projected pattern, respectively, and the variable numbers of operational emitters per row provide different levels of intensity per projected line of the projected pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,168,146

MEASURING SHAPE OF SPECULAR OBJECTS BY LOCAL PROJECTION OF CODED PATTERNS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A method for determining multiple binary patterns for use in measuring shape of a specular object positioned within a bounding volume by illuminating the object with an illumination field generated by two or more spaced apart liquid crystal layers with largely overlapping fields of view, wherein each liquid crystal layer is controlled to display the multiple binary patterns, the method comprising:choosing multiple starting binary patterns for the liquid crystal layers for which patterns have not yet been determined;
deriving a multidimensional binary code vector in a multidimensional binary code vector space for each polarized light ray passing through the two or more liquid crystal layers and reaching the bounding volume using a logical XOR combination of values;
finding a multidimensional binary code vector for projection in the multidimensional binary code vector space;
determining a projection transformation along the multidimensional binary code vector for projection; and
applying the projection transformation to the multiple starting binary patterns to obtain multiple relatively more optimized binary patterns for the liquid crystal layers.

US Pat. No. 10,168,145

THREE DIMENSIONAL SHAPE MEASUREMENT APPARATUS, CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR, AND STORAGE MEDIUM

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A three-dimensional shape measurement apparatus comprising:a processor configured to execute instructions which cause the three-dimensional shape measurement apparatus to function as units comprising:
(1) a projection unit configured to project a stripe pattern including a light portion and a dark portion to a measurement area;
(2) a photographing unit configured to photograph a target object in the measurement area while the stripe pattern is projected by the projection unit, wherein the photographing unit has a single image sensing element and a single focus position;
(3) a detection unit configured to detect an edge position representing a boundary between a light portion and a dark portion based on an image photographed by the photographing unit; and
(4) a measurement unit configured to measure a three-dimensional shape of the target object based on the edge position detected by the detection unit,
wherein a focus position of the photographing unit is set farther than a position which is determined as being closest to an axis going through a center of a projection range of the projection unit, among a plurality of positions on an axis going through a center of a photographing range of the photographing unit, when observed from the photographing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,168,144

OPTICAL APPARATUS FOR 3D DATA COLLECTION

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An optical apparatus for collection of three dimensional information of an object, comprising:a first mirror configured to reflect a first light beam of a first wavelength range based on light reflected from the object;
a second mirror configured to reflect a second light beam of a second wavelength range based on the light reflected from the object;
an optical detector configured to detect the first light beam and the second light beam; and
a memory configured to store the detected first light beam and the detected second light beam,
wherein the first light beam, subsequent to the reflection from the first mirror, passes through the second mirror to the optical detector.

US Pat. No. 10,168,143

STRAIN MONITORING OF MRAM ARRAYS

International Business Ma...

1. A system for determining strain in a magnetoresistive random access memory (MRAM) structure, the system comprising:an array of magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) devices with a plurality of bit lines; and
a monochromatic light source directed on a portion of the plurality of bit lines to produce a diffraction pattern;
wherein the diffraction pattern provided by the plurality of bit lines is used to determine changes in interference fringe spacing correlating to changes in local strain.

US Pat. No. 10,168,142

OPTICAL CHARACTERISTIC MEASURING APPARATUS AND OPTICAL CHARACTERISTIC MEASURING METHOD

OTSUKA ELECTRONICS CO., L...

1. An optical characteristic measuring apparatus comprising:an optical system, having an optical axis and a focus position on the optical axis, configured to collect detection light incident from a sample;
a detector configured to spectrally disperse the detection light in plural times to generate plural pieces of detection data, the plural pieces of detection data indicating their respective spectra of detection light incident from the sample to the optical system with an optical distance between the sample and the optical system being along the optical axis, wherein each optical distance is different from each other in a scanning range in which the sample passes through the focus position of the optical system; and
a processor configured to analyze the spectrum indicated by the detection data to measure a predetermined optical characteristic of the sample,
wherein the processor
specifies a piece of the detection data for measuring the optical characteristic of the sample based on intensity of the detection light in the plural pieces of detection data each having different optical distances in the scanning range in which the sample passes through the focus position along the optical axis, and
measures the optical characteristic based on the specified piece of the detection data.

US Pat. No. 10,168,141

METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING AIR POLLUTION SOURCES BASED ON AEROSOL RETRIEVAL AND GLOWWORM SWARM ALGORITHM

1. A method for identifying air pollution sources based on aerosol retrieval and a glowworm swarm algorithm, comprising steps of:S1: acquiring a satellite remote sensing image and a digital map of a corresponding region;
S2: acquiring a wind direction and a wind speed of the corresponding region of the satellite remote sensing image, to obtain a wind speed vector speedwind;
S3: retrieving (Aerosol Optical Depth) AOD values from the satellite remote sensing image, to obtain an AOD result image;
S4: gridding the AOD result image into M×N image blocks, calculating an average AOD value of pixels included in each image block; gridding the digital map of the corresponding region into M×N image blocks, obtaining coordinates Ek of an image block corresponding to an enterprise k based on enterprise coordinates, where k=1, 2, . . . , K, and K represents the number of enterprises;
S5: tracing pollutant sources using a method based on (Glowworm Swarm Optimization) GSO, which comprises steps of:
S5(1): setting an initial luciferin level Li(0) of each glowworm to be the same, taking coordinates of each pixel block as an initial location xi(0) of the glowworm, taking an average AOD value corresponding to the pixel blocks as an attribute value Ai of the glowworm, and setting an initial value rdi(0) of a neighborhood of each glowworm, i=1, 2, . . . , Q, Q=M×N;
S5(2): setting an iteration number t=1;
S5(3): calculating a luciferin level of a glowworm of a t-th generation according to the following equation:
Li(t)=(1??)Li(t?1)+?F(xi(t))
where t is the iteration number, i is an index of the glowworm, Li(t) is a luciferin level of a glowworm i of the t-th generation, Li(t?1) is a luciferin level of the glowworm i of a (t?1)-th generation, ? is a luciferin decay constant, ??(0,1), ? is a luciferin enhancement constant, F(xi(t)) is an objective function value of the glowworm i at a current location xi(t), and the objective function is calculated according to the following equation:

where dik(t) is a distance between the glowworm i at the current location xi(t) and the coordinates Ek of the enterprise k;
S5(4): for each glowworm i, respectively calculating a moving probability pij(t) to another glowworm j in a neighborhood Ni(t) thereof; selecting the glowworm j, to which the glowworm i is to move for this time, using a roulette rule, and marking with an index j?, and then updating the location of the glowworm i according to the following equation:

where xj?(t) is a location of the glowworm j? of the t-th generation, S is a moving step size, and ? ? represents solving an Euclidean norm;
?attribute is a glowworm similarity correction factor calculated as follows: firstly in a neighborhood Ni(t) of the glowworm i, a glowworm j* with a closest attribute value Ai to the glowworm i is searched and then ?attribute is calculated:

where sa is a predetermined step size, xj*(t) is a location of the glowworm j* of the t-th generation;
?wind is a wind speed and wind direction correction factor, and calculated as: ?wind=sw·speedwind, where sw is a scaling factor;
S5(5): in condition that the iteration number t=T, T being a maximum predetermined iteration number of times, taking a current location of each glowworm as a source location Xi0 thereof, and terminating the iteration; otherwise proceeding to step S5(6);
S5(6): updating a neighborhood radius rdi(t+1) of each glowworm, then letting t=t+1, and returning to step S5(3);
S6: obtaining a radius Rk of a pollution coverage area of the enterprise according to the coordinates Ek of the image block corresponding to the enterprise;
S7: according to the radius Rk of the pollution coverage area and the source location xi0 of each glowworm, taking the enterprise k as an enterprise producing pollutants corresponding to the glowworms in the pollution coverage area thereof, calculating an AOD corresponding to the glowworms in the pollution coverage area thereof;
identifying the enterprise k as a pollution source;
determining a pollution index of the enterprise k, wherein the pollution index represents a pollution level of the enterprise k; and
using the determined pollution index to evaluate a pollution situation of the enterprise k.

US Pat. No. 10,168,140

LIGHT DETECTION MODULE FOR OCT DEVICE AND OCT DEVICE

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. A light detecting module for an OCT instrument, the light detecting module being configured to detect interference light that has exited an exit end surface of an optical fiber in an OCT instrument, the light detecting module comprising:an optical lens including an incident surface entered by the interference light that has exited the exit end surface, and an exit surface exited by the interference light that has entered the incident surface; and
a photodetector including a detecting surface entered by the interference light that has exited the exit surface, wherein
the incident surface is disposed in such a manner that the interference light obliquely enters with respect to a perpendicular line at an incident position of the interference light,
the exit surface is disposed in such a manner that the interference light obliquely exits with respect to a perpendicular line at an exit position of the interference light, and
the detecting surface is disposed in such a manner that the interference light obliquely enters with respect to a perpendicular line at an incident position of the interference light.

US Pat. No. 10,168,139

PARAMETER MEASUREMENT OF PHASE OBJECTS USING TOMOGRAPHIC IMAGING

Interfiber Analysis, LLC,...

1. An apparatus, comprising:at least one processor coupled to at least one memory, the at least one processor coupled to the at least one memory being programmed to:
process optical spectra comprising optical measurements of at least one portion of an illuminated object at a plurality of focal positions between the object and an imaging lens and at a plurality of angular orientations to be relative to a substantially transverse directional path of light to illuminate the object, wherein the optical measurements are to result from transmission of one or more optical signals along the substantially transverse directional path;
rotate, in a plane representations of the processed optical measurements; and
project the rotated representations of the processed optical measurements onto a coordinate plane in a manner so that in-focus and out-of-focus rotated representations of the processed optical measurements are to form a cross-sectional image of the at least one portion.

US Pat. No. 10,168,138

INSPECTING A SLAB OF MATERIAL

APPLEJACK 199 L.P., Milp...

1. A system for inspecting a slab of anisotropic material, the system comprising:single mode optical fiber;
a broadband light source configured to emit light over the optical fiber;
a beam assembly configured to receive the light over the optical fiber and direct the light toward a slab of anisotropic material;
a computer-controlled etalon filter configured to receive the light over the optical fiber before the light is directed toward the slab of anisotropic material, filter the light, and direct the light over the optical fiber; and
a computer-controlled spectrometer configured to receive the light over the optical fiber after the light has been filtered by the etalon filter and after the light has been reflected from or transmitted through the slab of anisotropic material and spectrally analyze the light, wherein the spectral analysis includes determining a property of the slab of anisotropic material.

US Pat. No. 10,168,137

DUAL LASER FREQUENCY SWEEP INTERFEROMETRY SYSTEM AND METHOD

NPL Management Limited, ...

1. A distance measurement system comprising an optical arrangement and a dual sweep frequency scanning interferometry system, the optical arrangement including:a frequency swept laser;
a fixed frequency pump laser source;
a first input to receive a first beam from the frequency swept laser;
a second input to receive a second beam from the fixed frequency pump laser source;
a non-linear optical artefact to receive, and to intermodulate, the first and second beams to generate a third beam, the third being an inverted copy of the first beam mirrored relative to the fixed frequency of the pump laser source;
a filter to extract the third beam from the output of the non-linear optical artefact; anda combining element to combine and output the first and the filtered third beam to the frequency scanning interferometry system,wherein the non-linear artefact is configured such that the optical frequency separation of the first and second beams satisfies the coherence length condition of the non-linear optical artefact and induces four wave mixing in the non-linear optical artefact to generate the third beam when the first and second beams are intermodulated, the dual sweep frequency scanning interferometry system including an interferometer and is arranged to direct the combined first and third beams through the interferometer to illuminate a target point, to receive a reflected signal and determine the distance to the target point therefrom.

US Pat. No. 10,168,136

CLEARANCE GAGE

Rolls-Royce Corporation, ...

1. A clearance gage comprising:an elongated shaft having a first end and a second end; wherein the elongated shaft is a flexible material configured to bend along a longitudinal axis of the elongated shaft;
a gage element connected to the first end of the elongated shaft, wherein the gage element defines a first width and a second width measured perpendicular to the elongated shaft, wherein the first width is larger than the second width, wherein a thickness of the elongated shaft is not more than the second width, and wherein the first width defines a size of the gage element to assess a gap clearance between two components;
a marker connected to the elongated shaft, wherein the marker is positioned at a predetermined distance from the gage element along the elongated shaft, wherein the marker defines a marker width measured in a direction perpendicular to the elongated shaft that is greater than the second width of the gage element; and
a handle, separate from the marker, at the second end of the elongated shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,168,135

DEVICE FOR MEASURING CONTAINER AND METHOD USING THE SAME

1. A device for measuring thickness of bottom of an object, comprising:an elongated guide plate adapted to be transversely mounted on an open top of a container; the elongated guide plate defined two through receiving holes thereon, the two through receiving holes being spaced apart from each other and located along a lengthwise direction of the elongated guide plate, each of the two holes including a guide portion corresponding thereto;
at least one elongated ruler adapted to be extended through one receiving hole and inserted into an interior of the container from the open top of the container, an end face of a distal end of the at least one elongated ruler adapted to contact an inner end of the interior, a mediate section of the at least one elongated ruler contacting the guide portion of the elongated guide plate so that the guide portion points a first position of the mediate section to obtain a first index, and
the at least one elongated ruler is adapted to move to an exterior of the container and to extend through another one receiving hole, the end face of the distal end of the at least one elongated ruler adapted to contact a surface which is located on a common surface with an underside of the exterior of the container, the mediate section of the at least one elongated ruler contacts the guide portion of the elongated guide plate so that the guide portion points a second position of the mediate section to obtain a second index, a difference between the first and second indexes is a thickness of a bottom of the container.

US Pat. No. 10,168,134

PORTABLE COORDINATE MEASUREMENT MACHINE HAVING A HANDLE THAT INCLUDES ELECTRONICS

FARO TECHNOLOGIES, INC., ...

1. A portable articulated arm coordinate measurement machine, comprising:a manually positionable articulated arm having opposed first and second ends, the articulated arm including a plurality of connected arm segments, each of the plurality of connected arm segments including at least one position transducer for producing a plurality of position signals, at least one of the plurality of position signals passing between two of the plurality of connected arm segments through a first slip ring assembly;
a first electronic circuit that receives the plurality of position signals;
a base section connected to the second end; and
a probe assembly including a probe end and a cover, the cover being coupled to rotate about an axis extending through the probe assembly, the cover having at least one indentation formed thereon;
wherein the probe assembly is connected to the first end; and
wherein the articulated arm coordinate measurement machine is configured to measure a three-dimensional coordinate of a point in space associated with the probe end.

US Pat. No. 10,168,133

CHECKING GAUGE HAVING INTEGRATED FEATURES AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

1. A method of making a gauge for checking a tolerance of a manufactured tube having at least one bend therein, comprising:forming at least a first gauge block by successively laying down a material in layers using an additive manufacturing machine, including forming a radiused tube channel having a predefined tolerance boundary for the tube.

US Pat. No. 10,168,132

TAPELINE AND BLOCKING MEMBER FOR TAPELINE END

HANGZHOU GREAT STAR TOOLS...

1. A blocking member for a tape end, comprising a connecting part extending horizontally and connecting with the tape end, and a lower blocking member extending downward from the connecting part, wherein the blocking member further comprises a hook which extends upward from the connecting part;wherein the hook comprises an upward extending part which extending upward from the connecting part and further extending horizontally to form a horizontally extending part;
the upward extending part extends upward from the two sides of the connecting part, and the horizontally extending part comprises two separate part;
the two separate part continue extending to form an arc-shaped portion connecting the ends of the two separate parts; and
the lower blocking member is wider than the upward extending part of the hook.

US Pat. No. 10,168,131

PARTIALLY DIVIDING PROJECTILE OR DIVIDING PROJECTILE WITH A PB-FREE CORE INTERSPERSED WITH PREDETERMINED BREAKING POINTS

3. A method for producing a core for a projectile, comprising the steps of:compressing a wire section wherein the wire section comprises a lead-free material to form a core, wherein prior to the compressing the wire section has holes in an interior of the core of the wire section, wherein said holes have the same diameter,
wherein after said compressing the holes no longer remain in the core and the core is cavity-free.

US Pat. No. 10,168,130

HUNTING ARROWHEAD ASSEMBLY

1. A hunting arrowhead assembly for attachment to an arrow shank, comprising:a shaft body extending along a main axis in a longitudinal direction, and including
a forward segment having a front end surface, and defining therein a front axial hole which extends from said front end surface along the main axis, and which has an inner peripheral surface,
a rearward segment configured to be removably secured to the arrow shaft, and
a middle segment which is disposed between said forward and rearward segments, and which defines therein a middle axial hole extending along the main axis to communicate with said front axial hole;
at least one guiding slot which is formed in an outer peripheral surface of said middle segment proximate to said forward segment, and which extends in a radial direction relative to the main axis to be spatial communication with said middle axial hole, said guiding slot extending in the longitudinal direction to terminate at a front limit and a rear limit;
a pair of access slots which are formed in said outer peripheral surface of said middle segment, and which extend in a diametrical direction transverse to the radial direction to be spatial communication with said middle axial hole, each of said access slots extending in the longitudinal direction to terminate at a proximate end and a distal end relative to said forward segment;
a pin member which defines a pin axis and which is disposed in said middle axis hole, said pin member having two pin end regions one of which extends outwardly of said guiding slot so as to permit said pin member to be shifted along said guiding slot, said pin member being movable between a front position, where said pin member is adjacent to said front limit, and a rear position, where said pin member is adjacent to said rear limit;
a pair of piercing members each having
a pivot end which is disposed in said middle axial hole and which is pivotally mounted to said pin member about the pin axis,
a piercing body extending radially from said pivot end along a lengthwise line which defines an included angle together with the main axis, and
a piercing free end opposite to said pivot end along the lengthwise line,
each of said piercing members being angularly displaceable about the pin axis
such that when said pin member is in the rear position, said piercing free end is disposed outwardly of a corresponding one of said access slots, and said included angle is changeable between a smaller angle, where said piercing free end is close to said middle segment, and a larger angle, where said piercing free end is remote from said middle segment, and
such that when said pin member is in the front position, said piercing free end is retractable in the corresponding one of said access slots, and the included angle is a smallest angle;
a penetrating member including a head portion with a tip end, and a tail portion with an abutment end opposite to said tip end along the main axis, said tail portion being configured to be insertable through said front axial hole into said middle axial hole; and
a cam mechanism disposed between said penetrating member and said forward segment to translate rotational movement of said head portion relative to said shaft body into translational movement of said tail portion relative to said shaft body to permit said abutment end to be moved from a stop position, where said abutment end is in said middle axial hole for abutting against said pivot ends of said piercing members to thereby retain said pin member in the rear position, to a release position, where said abutment end is moved away from said middle axial hole to permit said pin member to be displaced to the front position.

US Pat. No. 10,168,129

TARGET PIVOT ASSEMBLY

Challenge Targets, LLC, ...

1. In a bullet impact target, a pivot support assembly, comprising:a first plate;
a second plate having a pair of spaced-apart elongated slots formed therein;
a pair of pivot support plates each having an extension portion sized to extend through one of the elongated slots and a base portion sized not to fit through the slot, each of the extension portions including a pivot axis means; and
a clamp means for securing the first and second plates together in a substantially parallel relationship,
wherein, the extension portions of the pivot support plates are positioned through the slots such that the pivot axis means of each are substantially axially aligned with each other, the base portion is clamped between the first and second plates, and a bullet resistant target plate is supported for pivotal movement on the pivot axis means.

US Pat. No. 10,168,128

HIGH CALIBER TARGET

Action Target Inc., Prov...

1. A high caliber target comprising:a target plate having an upper portion and a lower portion and at least one mount disposed thereon, the at least one mount having a slot formed therein; and
a stand for engaging the at least one mount to hold the target plate in a desired position, the stand being slidable into and out of the at least one mount to thereby allow mounting and removal of the target plate from the stand without tools, and wherein the slot formed in the at least one mount is longer than a width of the stand as it passes through the slot to allow the mount to slide rearwardly relative to the stand when the target plate is impacted by a projectile, the slot being sized relative to the stand such that the upper portion of the target plate may be deflected toward the stand when impacted by a bullet and such that the lower portion of the target plate does not pivot toward the stand.

US Pat. No. 10,168,127

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR A DEPLOYMENT UNIT FOR A CONDUCTED ELECTRICAL WEAPON

AXON ENTERPRISE, INC., S...

8. An electrode for a conducted electrical weapon (“CEW”), the electrode for providing a current through a human or animal target to impede locomotion of the target, the electrode comprising:a body, the body includes a front wall, a rear wall, and a cavity therein, the rear wall includes an opening;
a spear, the spear coupled to the front wall, the spear for coupling the electrode to the target;
a filament stowed in the cavity and deployable via the opening, the filament for receiving the current from a signal generator for providing the current through the target; and
a tensioner having a bore therethrough, the tensioner positioned proximate to the opening, the filament deploys via the bore, an interior surface of the bore contacts the filament thereby applying a force on the filament during deployment.

US Pat. No. 10,168,126

ROLLER

PEARSON ENGINEERING LIMIT...

1. A roller gang for mine clearance, the roller gang comprising:a frame;
at least three fixed wheels, wherein the fixed wheels are directly attached to the frame, the fixed wheels being fixed relative to the frame;
a plurality of pivoting arms, wherein each of the pivoting arms is attached to the frame; and
a plurality of remaining wheels, wherein the remaining wheels are respectively attached to the plurality of pivoting arms, the remaining wheels being movable relative to the frame.

US Pat. No. 10,168,125

SPRAYABLE COMPOSITION FOR DETERRING INTRUDERS

CROTEGA, LLC, Crystal, M...

1. A composition comprising:propionic acid;
ammonia; and
water,
a content of water in the composition being at least approximately 60% by weight, and
a content of propionic acid in the composition being at least approximately 17.5% by weight.

US Pat. No. 10,168,124

TRAJECTORY PREDICTION SYSTEM

ASIA OPTICAL INTERNATIONA...

1. A trajectory prediction system for predicting a point of impact of an object shot from a ballistic device, the trajectory prediction system comprising:an objective lens;
an eyepiece lens;
an image sensor, optically coupled with the objective lens;
a processor; and
a display, electrically connected to the processor and the image sensor, wherein the image sensor, the processor and the display are disposed between the objective lens and the eyepiece lens, wherein when an external light reaches the image sensor through the objective lens, the image sensor transmits a first signal to the display, the display shows an image according to the first signal, wherein the processor calculates the trajectory of the object and transmits a second signal to the display, and the display simultaneously displays the image and displays a dot representing at least one predictive point of impact according to the first and second signals.

US Pat. No. 10,168,123

FIREARM SYSTEM THAT TRACKS POINTS OF AIM OF A FIREARM

1. A method executed by a firearm system, comprising:determining, with electronics in a handgun, events that include tracking a continuous path between different points of aim of the handgun as the handgun moves between the different points of aim while at a location, determining a compass direction of the different points of aim, and determining a duration of time that the handgun is pointed at the compass direction;
wirelessly transmitting, from the handgun and to a remote computer, event data that includes the continuous path between the different points of aim of the handgun as the handgun moves between the different points of aim while at the location, the compass direction of the different points of aim, and the duration of time that the handgun is pointed at the compass direction;
reconstructing, at the remote computer and from the event data, the events that include the continuous path between the different points of aim of the handgun as the handgun moves between the different points of aim while at the location, the compass direction of the different points of aim, and the duration of time that the handgun is pointed at the compass direction; and
displaying, at the remote computer, a reconstruction of the events that includes showing an image of the location, an image of the handgun, the continuous path between the different points of aim of the handgun on the image of the location, the compass direction of the different points of aim, and the duration of time that the handgun is pointed at the compass direction.

US Pat. No. 10,168,122

CONCEALED CARRY HOLSTER

1. A concealed carry holster system, comprising:a pair of bib overalls, comprising:
a trouser portion;
a bib fixedly coupled to a front, top edge of the trouser portion, a top edge of the bib defining a first axis; and
a plurality of straps, each of the plurality of straps comprising:
a first end fixedly coupled to a rear, top edge of the trouser portion, and
a second end removably coupled to the bib to support the pair of bib overalls on shoulders of an individual;
a plurality of first fasteners fixedly coupled to an inside surface of the bib; and
a holster removably coupled to the inside surface of the bib, the holster comprising:
a first panel;
a second panel fixedly attached to the first panel so as to define a receptacle for receiving a firearm, and so as to define an opening for accessing the receptacle, the opening defining a firearm insertion axis; and
a plurality of second fasteners fixedly coupled to at least one of the first and second panels, the plurality of first fasteners engaged to the plurality of second fasteners so as to removably couple the holster to the bib, the plurality of second fasteners positioned so that the firearm insertion axis extends in a downward direction from the opening relative to the first axis.

US Pat. No. 10,168,121

INSIDE WAISTBAND CONCEALED CARRIER

Turning Point Distributio...

10. A concealable, internal pocket comprising:a front panel formed from a pliable material, the front panel comprising a folded over tongue extension extending from the top of the front panel, the tongue extension being attached to a waistband connector that holds a top side of the front panel at a waistline of a user's pants; and
a back panel attached to the front panel along a bottom side of the back panel and the front panel and along lower sides of the back panel and the front panel, the front panel and the back panel defining a pouch in which an object may in stored, a top portion of the front panel being unattached to the back panel;
the back panel further comprising a flap configured to extend over the front panel and to releasably connect directly to the waistband connector in a stored condition;
the flap being configured to be pulled upward such that the top portion of the front panel peels away from the back panel and up from the tongue extension in an exposed position.

US Pat. No. 10,168,120

ADAPTIVE CONFIGURATION FOR A FIREARM

Abrams Airborne Manufactu...

1. A firearm upper receiver comprising:a receiver housing extending lengthwise between a forward end and a rearward end, said receiver housing at least partially defining a receiver chamber dimensioned to at least partially receive an associated firearm action mechanism, said receiver housing including first and second openings extending therethrough in communication with said receiver chamber, said first opening disposed toward said forward end and dimensioned to permit discharge of associated spent cartridges from said receiver chamber, said second opening disposed toward said rearward end of said receiver housing relative to said first opening with said first and second openings disposed in spaced relation to one another in said lengthwise direction; and,
an attachment secured to said receiver housing and at least partially obscuring said second opening, said attachment including a cartridge deflection surface oriented toward said first opening and dimensioned to deflect associated spent cartridges discharged from said first opening.

US Pat. No. 10,168,119

FIREARM BIPOD

Magpul Industries Corp., ...

1. A bipod leg deployment assembly comprising:a housing comprising:
a vertical housing aperture passing through the housing along a vertical pivot axis;
one or more first detent receiving hollows arranged concentrically around the vertical housing aperture;
one or more second detent receiving hollows arranged concentrically around the vertical housing aperture and alternately arranged between the one or more first detent receiving hollows, the one or more first detent receiving hollows having a greater arcuate width than the one or more second detent receiving hollows;
two leg housings coupled to the housing and each having a leg assembly rotatably coupled thereto;
a pivot rod that passes through the vertical housing aperture;
a locking knob coupled to a lower half of the pivot rod and arranged at least partially below the housing; and
a pivot block fixed to an upper half of the pivot rod and pivotally arranged at least partially above the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,168,118

BARREL CLAMP

1. A barrel clamp comprising:a. a base plate;
b. a central support structure defining an axis; and
c. a muzzle housing positioned on an extreme end of the support structure opposite the base plate, said muzzle housing further comprising a wall with a plurality of vanes, each with at least one associated vent, each said vent positioned to direct airflow into a central chamber of the muzzle housing when the barrel clamp is rotated about the axis,
wherein the base plate and said muzzle housing each have a plurality of orifices such that there is an equal number of said orifices on the base plate and on the muzzle housing, each said orifice on the muzzle housing being paired to an opposed said orifice on the base plate so that barrels may be inserted therethrough, with each said orifice on said muzzle housing opening inside the central chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,168,117

FIBER WINDING SYSTEM FOR COMPOSITE PROJECTILE BARREL STRUCTURE

1. A barrel for directing the path of a dischargeable projectile, comprising:an inner liner defining an axial bore, the inner liner having a coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) along the axial bore; and
an outer shell surrounding and in direct contact with the inner liner, the outer shell fabricated from continuous fiber in a matrix creating a continuous fiber composite (CFC) and having an average effective CTE in the axial direction, wherein the average effective axial CTE of the outer shell approximately matches the axial CTE of the inner liner.

US Pat. No. 10,168,116

SELF-RELEASING MAGAZINE AND FOLLOWER ASSEMBLY THEREOF FOR FIREARMS

Strike Industries, Inc., ...

1. A magazine follower assembly implementable in a magazine of a firearm, comprising:a casing; and
a self-releasing actuator received in the casing,
wherein, when in use, the magazine follower assembly generally moves along a first axis with respect to the casing between a first position in the magazine when the magazine is fully loaded and a second position in the magazine when the magazine contains no ammunition cartridge, and
wherein, when the magazine follower assembly is at the second position in the magazine, the self-releasing actuator is configured to actuate a magazine release mechanism of the firearm to disengage the magazine from the firearm so that the magazine is detachable from the firearm.

US Pat. No. 10,168,115

MATING BOLT CARRIER AND BARREL EXTENSION

1. A mating bolt carrier and barrel extension, comprising:a bolt carrier having a front face that includes one or more surface preparations or features formed at least partially thereon or therein, wherein each of said one or more surface preparations or features is formed so as to traverse said front face of said bolt carrier; and
a barrel extension having a rear face that includes one or more surface preparations or features formed at least partially thereon or therein, wherein at least a portion of said one or more surface preparations or features of said barrel extension are capable of mating with said surface preparations or features of said front face of said bolt carrier.

US Pat. No. 10,168,114

INTEGRAL DRAIN ASSEMBLY FOR A HEAT EXCHANGER AND METHOD OF FORMING

HAMILTON SUNDSTRAND CORPO...

1. An integral drain assembly for a heat exchanger comprising:a plurality of passage walls defining a plurality of passages, each of the passage walls having a non-linear portion; and
a respective drain wall integrally formed with each of the passage walls to define a drain for each of the plurality of passages, the drain wall located proximate the non-linear portion of each of the plurality of passage walls, the drain of each of the plurality of passages aligned with each other and located at different elevations in an operating orientation of the heat exchanger, each passage fluidly coupled by the respective drain of each passage to have fluid flow sequentially throughout the passages before reaching a common drain.

US Pat. No. 10,168,113

HEAT PIPES WITH ELECTRICAL PUMPING OF CONDENSATE

Board of Regents, The Uni...

1. A heat pipe, comprising:a condenser region configured to condense vapor into liquid and split said liquid into droplets;
a plurality of liquid conduits for carrying said liquid droplets, wherein each liquid conduit of said plurality of liquid conduits comprises a first plurality of underlying electrodes;
a plurality of vapor conduits for carrying said vapor; and
an evaporator region connected to said condenser region via said plurality of liquid conduits and vapor conduits, wherein said evaporator region is configured to evaporate said liquid droplets, wherein said evaporator region comprises active electrodes to spread said liquid droplets within said evaporator region and said active electrodes extend to at least partially intersect at least one vapor conduit of said plurality of vapor conduits;
wherein said liquid droplets condensed by said condenser region are electrically pumped towards said evaporator region by sequentially actuating a series of said first plurality of underlying electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,168,112

HEAT EXCHANGING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TRANSFERRING HEAT

Cool Technology Solutions...

13. A system comprising:a jet-flow heat exchanging device for transferring heat from or to one or more heat transfer surfaces, wherein the jet-flow heat exchanging device comprises one or more orifice groups, each for directing a heat carrier medium onto the heat transfer surface, and wherein at least one of the orifice groups includes a main orifice for generating a main jet-stream and at least two control orifices associated with the main orifice, wherein the control orifices are configured
to have a smaller cross-section than the main orifice;
to be arranged symmetrically around a first axis going through the center of the main orifice, wherein the first axis is perpendicular to the flow direction through the main orifice and perpendicular to the heat surface transfer surface in a chamber;
to be offset from a second axis towards the heat transfer surface, the second axis going through the center of the main orifice and being perpendicular to the first axis and to the flow direction, and
to have a distance from the main orifice of between 1% and 80% of the largest cross-sectional dimension of the main orifice, respectively, in order to generate control jet-streams for interacting with the main jet-stream, so as to cause the heat carrier medium of the main jet-stream to swirl; and
an element providing the heat transfer surface or being thermally coupled to the heat transfer surface.

US Pat. No. 10,168,111

REPLACEMENT TUBE PLUG FOR HEAT EXCHANGER

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A tube plug for sealing a threaded plug-to-plugsheet junction with fluid sealant from a source external of said tube plug, said tube plug comprising:a. a body part having length between proximal and distal ends and a threaded outer surface,
b. a main internal passageway having an entranced opening having an internal thread in said proximal end in said body part and extending generally axially from the threaded opening in said proximal end distally a distance less than the length of said body part,
c. at least one branch passageway in said body part in fluid communication with said main passageway and extending outwardly to and through said outer threaded surface, thereby defining a continuous open and unobstructed passageway open at said proximal end entrance to said body part and open at said threaded outer surface of said body part, and
d. a cap having an outer thread cooperating with said internal thread of said entrance opening to close said entrance opening of said main passageway after said fluid sealant has been injected into and through said main passageway.

US Pat. No. 10,168,110

MANIFOLD FOR A LIQUID COOLING SYSTEM

International Business Ma...

1. A method comprising:punching an initial hole in a sheet metal flat pattern using a punch press, the initial hole being circular with a first diameter;
shaving the initial hole to remove a portion of an edge of the initial hole to increase the first diameter to a second diameter;
coining a radius on a bottom edge of the shaved hole to remove any burs and sharp edges;
forming a hole extrusion in the sheet metal flat pattern aligned with the shaved hole in a direction opposite of the punching of the initial hole, the hole extrusion comprises an inside diameter larger than the second diameter;
cutting a thread in an inner sidewall of the hole extrusion;
forming the sheet metal flat pattern into a watertight manifold;
threading a quick connect fitting into the hole extrusion, the quick connect fitting having an o-ring positioned in a groove in an underside of a head of the quick connect fitting; and
tightening the quick connect fitting to compress the o-ring against a surface of the sheet metal immediately surrounding the hole extrusion to form a watertight seal.

US Pat. No. 10,168,109

HEADER PLATE FOR A HEAT EXCHANGER, HEADER BOX AND HEAT EXCHANGER

Valeo Systemes Thermiques...

1. A header plate for a heat exchanger, comprising:a wall provided with orifices, and through which tubes arranged in rows in a longitudinal direction are intended to pass, wherein:
said wall has, in cross section, a profile made up of a central portion and of two lateral portions,
the two lateral portions overall follow a first curve with a first radius of curvature,
the central portion overall follows a second curve with a second radius of curvature, smaller than the first radius of curvature, and
at least one of the orifices comprises a collar that covers part of the wall of the tube passing through the wall via the at least one orifice, the collar projecting toward the outside of the header.

US Pat. No. 10,168,108

PIN FIN COMPLIANT HEAT SINK WITH ENHANCED FLEXIBILITY

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method for employing a heat sink, comprising:placing a pin fin compliant heat sink on a non-flat surface, wherein the pin fin compliant heat sink has top and bottom plates connected by a plurality of pins arranged vertically between the top and bottom plates, and wherein each of the plurality of pins comprises a plurality of pin slices, arranged vertically between the top and bottom plates, such that the plurality of pin slices form substantially vertical pins connecting the top and bottom plates;
vertically conforming the top and bottom plates to local deviations of the non-flat surface; and
laterally conforming the top and bottom plates to an overall shape of the surface, wherein at least either the top or bottom plate is corrugated.

US Pat. No. 10,168,107

HEAT STORE CONTAINER WITH INCLINED PLATES FOR IMPROVED TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION

SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAF...

1. A heat store for storing thermal energy, the heat store comprising:a container with a horizontally extending longitudinal axis, the container including: a base; a cover; a heat store material; and a first opening adjacent the cover in a first sidewall and a second opening adjacent the base in a second sidewall configured for at least one of inflow or outflow of a fluid parallel to the cover and the base along the longitudinal axis, the second opening being offset vertically with respect to the first opening;
first and second impermeable plates that (a) are inclined with respect to an inflow or outflow direction of the fluid, (b) are arranged on an inner side of the container, and (c) extend in parallel;
wherein the first impermeable plate is arranged on the cover and the second impermeable plate is arranged on the base;
wherein the first impermeable plate forms a non-zero acute angle with the cover and the second impermeable plate forms the non-zero acute angle with the base; and
wherein the first impermeable plate is configured to conduct a hot fluid, received via the first opening and striking a first face of the first impermeable plate, downward to the base, and the second impermeable plate is configured to conduct the hot fluid to the cover of the container; and
a fluid-permeable distributor plate defining a first region of the container segregating heat store material outside the first region, wherein an inflow of fluid into the first region strikes the first face of the first impermeable plate before passing through the fluid-permeable plate and coming into contact with any heat store material and does not come into contact with the first face of the first impermeable plate after leaving the first region.

US Pat. No. 10,168,106

HEAT EXCHANGER

KAWASAKI JUKOGYO KABUSHIK...

4. A heat exchanger comprising:a heat exchange container which has in an interior thereof a heat exchange chamber in which a gas to be cooled or an intermediate medium is filled, and performs heat exchange directly or indirectly between liquid hydrogen and the gas to be cooled, in an interior of the heat exchange chamber;
a tray which is provided in the interior of the heat exchange chamber and receives a liquefied gas and a deposited substance which are generated by the heat exchange in the interior of the heat exchange chamber; and
a liquid discharge mechanism which discharges the liquefied gas from the tray to an outside area of the heat exchange chamber,
wherein the tray is disposed in a bottom portion of the heat exchange chamber, and
wherein the liquid discharge mechanism includes a drain port which opens in the bottom portion of the heat exchange chamber so that the liquefied gas having overflowed out of the tray flows to the drain port, and a drain pipe connected to the drain port.

US Pat. No. 10,168,105

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR STORING HEAT

BASF SE, Ludwigshafen am...

1. A device for storing heat, comprising a salt melt as heat storage medium which absorbs heat in order to store heat and releases heat in order to use the stored heat, and a container for holding the salt melt, the container being closed by a gastight cover, wherein the device comprises volume compensation means in order to compensate for a volume increase of the salt melt due to a temperature rise and a volume decrease due to a temperature reduction, wherein the volume compensation means comprise a buffer container, into which part of the salt melt can flow when there is a volume increase of the salt melt, the buffer container having an inlet for a gas supply line which supplies a gas that is inert with respect to the heat storage medium, and wherein the buffer container has a volume which is smaller than the volume of the container for holding the salt melt, and said volume of the buffer container corresponding to the thermal expansion of the salt melt to be buffered.

US Pat. No. 10,168,104

FILLING PIPE FOR USE IN HIGH-TEMPERATURE HEAT PIPE FILLING OPERATION

TAMKANG UNIVERSITY, Taip...

1. A filling pipe for use in a high-temperature heat pipe comprising:an alkali metal filling unit for filling a plurality of alkali metals into a metallic pipe, having:
a filling body;
a receiving space disposed in the filling body;
a feed inlet disposed at a top of the filling body and in communication with the receiving space;
a feeding pipe disposed at a bottom of the filling body and in communication with the receiving space;
a first connecting portion disposed at the bottom of the filling body; and
a vacuum-generating component disposed at the filling body and in communication with the receiving space;
a metallic pipe fixing unit, having:
a fixing body;
a taper opening disposed at a bottom of the fixing body and adapted to limit an opening end of the metallic pipe; and
a second connecting portion disposed at a top of the fixing body and connected to the first connecting portion,
wherein, when the first connecting portion gets connected to the second connecting portion, the feeding pipe of the alkali metal filling unit is inserted into an opening-disposed end of the metallic pipe;
a hermetic seal cover separably covering the feed inlet of the alkali metal filling unit; and
a stopping net movably disposed in the receiving space of the alkali metal filling unit.

US Pat. No. 10,168,103

STRUCTURE FOR THE END OF PRESSURE VESSELS, MOST APPLICABLY PLATE HEAT EXCHANGERS, FOR REDUCING THE EFFECTS OF MOVEMENT CHANGES AND VIBRATIONS CAUSED BY VARIATIONS IN INTERNAL PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE, A METHOD FOR IMPLEMENTING IT AND USE OF SAME

7. A method for reducing effects of movement changes and vibrations caused by variations in internal pressure and temperature of pressure vessels for a heat exchanger, the heat exchanger being provided with a damping device at one end, the heat exchanger comprising a heat exchanger stack including a plurality of sheet metal heat transfer plates, wherein the damping device is made up of one sheet metal heat transfer plate of the heat exchanger stack and an end part in such a way that the one sheet metal heat transfer plate is hermetically sealed to the end part to form a hermetically sealed chamber on said one end of the heat exchanger, and the hermetically sealed chamber is welded to a shell of an outer surface of the heat exchanger stack,wherein the method comprises the step of bringing into and/or generating a higher pressure than the external pressure level into the hermetically sealed chamber, the higher pressure receives and dampens, via a heat transfer plate, vibration and pressure shocks harmful to a heat exchanger structure in medium circuits of the heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 10,168,102

PLATE TYPE HEAT EXCHANGER AND REFRIGERATION CYCLE APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME PLATE TYPE HEAT EXCHANGER

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

7. A refrigeration cycle apparatus comprising:a plate type heat exchanger in which a plurality of heat transfer plates are stacked between two side plates with predetermined intervals in between;
a first fluid inlet port fluidly connected to a first fluid outlet port through which a first fluid circulates and a second fluid inlet port fluidly connected to a second fluid outlet port through which a second fluid different from the first fluid circulates respectively communicate with each other in an alternative manner through a space formed between the two side plates and the plurality of heat transfer plates and between each of the plurality of heat transfer plates;
a first flow path through which the first fluid circulates and a second flow path through which the second fluid circulates are formed alternatively with each other, and
a corrugated inner fin is arranged within at least the first flow path in an area that faces a heat transfer surface of a first heat transfer plate of the plurality heat transfer plates, wherein
the corrugated inner fin includes offset corrugations, each of the offset corrugations include a contact side having a first smooth surface contacted with the first heat transfer plate and a non-contact side having a second smooth surface that faces the first flow path on an opposite side of the contact side, and
a first through groove is formed along a flow direction of the first fluid on the contact side of the corrugated inner fin,
a second through groove is formed along a flow direction of the first fluid on the non-contact side of the corrugated inner fin, and
a bottom-side groove is formed along a flow direction of the first fluid on the first heat transfer plate directly across from the first through groove of the corrugated inner fin to define a recessed groove between the bottom-side groove of the first heat transfer plate and the first through groove of the corrugated inner fin.

US Pat. No. 10,168,101

CERAMIC HEAT EXCHANGE PLATE AND AIR PRE-HEATER ASSEMBLED THEREBY

CAS SUPER ENERGY TECHNOLO...

1. An air pre-heater, comprising a housing (20) and a heat exchange core (900),wherein the housing (20) comprises a lining (21), an access hole (22), a flue gas inlet, an air inlet, a flue gas outlet, and an air outlet,
wherein the heat exchange core (900) is integrally sintered and comprises a plurality of standard modules (200) assembled together along an X-axis, a Y-axis, or a Z-axis,
wherein each of the plurality of the standard modules (200) comprises: a first ceramic heat exchange plate and the second ceramic heat exchange plate,
wherein each of the first ceramic heat exchange plate and the second ceramic heat exchange plate comprises:
a central heat exchange plate (120) having a flat plate with a first face and a second face that are opposite to each other;
four sides consisting of a first side (111), a second side (112), a third side (113), a fourth side (114);
four corners consisting of a first corner (101), a second corner (102), a third corner (103), and a fourth corner (104);
a first plurality of fins (121), the first side (111), and the third side (113) disposed on the first face of the flat plate in a direction parallel to the X-axis; and
a second plurality of fins (122), the second side (112), and the fourth side (114) disposed on the second face of the flat plate in a direction parallel to the Y-axis,
wherein each of the four sides has a bolt hole located thereon, and each bolt hole is oriented along the Z-axis, and each of four corners has a bolt hole located thereon and oriented along the Y-axis,
wherein the four sides, the four corners, and the central heat exchange plate (120) are assembled to form the first or the second ceramic heat exchange plate,
wherein each of the first or the second ceramic heat exchange plate further comprises:
a pair of U-shaped grooves, one defined on the second side (112), the second corner (102), and the third corner (103), the other defined on the fourth side (114), the second corner (102), and the third corner (103);
a pair of inverted U-shaped grooves, one defined on the first side (111), the first corner (101), and the second corner (102), the other defined on the third side (113), the third corner (103), and the fourth corner (104);
a first pair of linear grooves (44), one defined on the second side (112), the second corner (102), and the third corner (103), the other defined on the fourth side (114), the second corner (102), and the third corner (103); and
a second pair of linear grooves (43), one defined on the first side (111), the first corner (101), and the second corner (102), and the other defined on the third side (113), the third corner (103), and the fourth corner (104),
wherein the first ceramic heat exchange plate is superimposed on the second ceramic heat exchange plate along the Z-axis while the second ceramic heat exchange plate is rotated by 90° in an XY plane formed by the X-axis and the Y-axis, thereby:
two side sealing strips (3) fill the second pair of grooves (43) of the second ceramic heat exchange plate and the first pair of grooves (44) of the first ceramic heat exchange plate, and
the middle portions of each of the two side sealing strips (3) is fastened by a side connecting bolt assembly (4),
wherein a first standard module (200) is superimposed on top of a second standard modules (200), thereby forming
a split heat exchange core (300) that further comprises
I-shaped sealing grooves (45) and II-shaped sealing grooves (46);
wherein a plurality of split heat exchange cores (300) are fastened together in the XY plane by corner connecting bolt assemblies (9), and I-shaped sealing strips (8) or II-shaped sealing strips (10) thereby forming a combined heat exchange core, and
a plurality of combined heat exchange cores are stacking along the Z-axis to form the heat exchange core (900).

US Pat. No. 10,168,100

FURNACE STAVE

Berry Metal Company, Har...

1. A furnace stave comprising a plurality of internal channels or conduits for circulating cooling fluid through the stave; wherein the stave comprises first and second opposite ends and each of the plurality of internal channels run between the first and second opposite ends;a plurality of cooling fluid inlet conduits defined by the first end of the stave;
a plurality of cooling fluid outlet conduits defined by the second end of the stave;
a plurality of inlet channels, wherein each inlet channel is defined by the first end of the stave and is associated with one of the plurality of internal channels;
a plurality of outlet channels, wherein each outlet channel is defined by the second end of the stave and is associated with one of the plurality of internal channels;
wherein each cooling fluid inlet conduit only feeds the inlet channels of two non-consecutive internal channels.

US Pat. No. 10,168,099

APPARATUS AND A METHOD FOR HEATING PLASTIC PREFORMS WITH A REMOVABLE MOVEMENT DEVICE

KRONES AG, (DE)

1. An apparatus for heating plastic preforms, comprising a first transport device that transports the plastic preforms in a separated manner, wherein said first transport device has a plurality of recesses for receiving the plastic preforms, comprising a second transport device that takes over the plastic preforms transported by the first transport device and transports said plastic preforms along a predetermined transport path, wherein the second transport device has a plurality of holding elements for holding the plastic preforms and at least one heating device that heats the plastic preforms transported by the second transport device, wherein at least the first transport device is a circulating transport device, wherein the apparatus comprises a drive device for moving the holding elements in a longitudinal direction of the plastic preforms, and the apparatus has at least one drive device for driving at least one transport device,wherein
the apparatus has at least one sensor device adapted to detect at least one measured value that is characteristic of at least one of the two drive devices, and a control device adapted for controlling the drive device for moving the holding elements as a function of this characteristic measured value.

US Pat. No. 10,168,098

METHOD FOR DRYING MOIST MATERIAL AND DRYING PLANT

HUBER SE, Berching (DE)

1. A method for drying moist material with a drying plant, the method comprising the steps of:supplying the moist material to a feeding unit of the drying plant through a supply pipe of the drying plant;
depositing the moist material on a drying surface of the drying plant using the feeding unit;
sensing a value of a parameter that depends on a water content of the moist material passing by a sensor proximate at least one of the supply pipe and the feeding unit;
regulating a quantity of the moist material being deposited on the drying surface per unit of time only when the value of the parameter sensed in the sensing step changes by at least a minimum amount, the minimum amount being one of a first difference between the value sensed in the sensing step and a reference value in a defined period of time or a second difference between the value sensed in the sensing step and a specific minimum value; and
drying the moist material on the drying surface.

US Pat. No. 10,168,097

PLANT FOR CONTINUOUSLY DRYING A COATED FILM

NORDMECCANICA S.P.A., Pi...

1. A plant for continuously drying a coated film, comprising:a structure with a first upper portion and a second lower portion, mutually overlapping, between which a cavity is comprised,
said cavity having a first open end through which said film enters and a second open end through which the dried film exits,
a plurality of rollers for supporting said film inside said cavity,
first blowers feeding a flow of heated air onto a coated surface of film,
second blowers feeding a flow of heated air onto an opposite surface of said film, and
a suction device extracting a flow of air from said cavity,
wherein said first upper portion comprises a first hollow box-shaped element defining a first chamber having a fluid connection with the first blowers,
wherein said second lower portion comprises a second hollow box-shaped element provided with a plurality of inside walls to define a second chamber having a fluid connection with the second blowers and a third hollow box-shaped element defining a third chamber having a fluid connection with the suction device, the third hollow box-shaped element surrounding the second box-shaped element, and
wherein the suction device comprises:
a plurality of perforated plates for communicating the third chamber and the cavity, a long dimension of said perforated plates being located parallel to the lateral edges of an upper surface of the second lower portion and extending over a length of the second lower portion so that said perforated plates can draw the flow of heated air blown from the first blowers that diverted laterally after striking the upper surface of the film, and
suction pipes located below the film and arranged between the second blowers to draw at least a part the flow of heated air blown from said second blowers onto the lower surface of the film, said suction pipes comprise hollow bars arranged parallel to the second blowers and extending over the full transverse width of the second lower portion, said hollow bars configured to have a fluid connection with the third chamber only in the lower part of the hollow bar, at the lateral ends of the lower part of the hollow bar, and at portions of the lateral ends of the lower part of the hollow bar that overlap the perforated plates,
the plant further comprising a feed and extraction system for feeding heated pressurised air in the first chamber and in the second chamber, and for creating a vacuum in the third chamber, so that the flows of air from the first blowers and the second blowers are drawn off from the cavity through the third chamber by the feed and extraction system after the first and second blowers have performed their drying action on the film.

US Pat. No. 10,168,096

REFRIGERATOR

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a cabinet having a storage chamber;
a first door that is configured to open and close the storage chamber, the first door comprising:
a frame through which a first hole is defined;
a door storage part disposed on the frame; and
a lighting device extends along a vertical direction on the frame and that is configured to illuminate the door storage part, the lighting device comprising:
LEDs that are accommodated in a groove formed on an inner surface of the frame that defines the first hole and that are arranged in a longitudinal direction along the inner surface of the frame; and
a cover member mounted on the groove and configured to cover the LEDs to transmit light that is emitted by the LEDs;
a second door through which a second hole is defined, the second hole facing the first hole, the second door configured open and close the first hole of the first door, the second door comprising:
a front panel that is formed of a transparent material and that is configured to cover the second hole of the second door and to form a front appearance of the second door; and
an insulation panel formed of a transparent material and provided behind the front panel; and
a colored layer disposed on a rear surface of the front panel and configured to partially transmit therethrough light that is emitted from the lighting device to an outside of the refrigerator; and
at least one processor configured to control the lighting device to enable a user to see stored food in the door storage part through the second hole of the second door due to transmission of light inside the storage chamber through the insulation panel and the front panel,
wherein in a state in which the lighting device is activated, the light emitted from the light device is sequentially transmitted through the cover member of the lighting device, insulation panel of the second door, and the front panel of the second door, and
wherein a part of the light emitted from the lighting device is transmitted to an outside of the second door.

US Pat. No. 10,168,095

SLIDE OUT DOOR BIN

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a cabinet;
a door attached to the cabinet, the door having a first upwardly extending wall and a second upwardly extending wall that define an interior volume of the door;
a sliding mechanism slidably coupled to the first upwardly extending wall and the second upwardly extending wall;
a frame removably attached to the sliding mechanism and having a bottom perimeter edge and an upstanding exterior portion offset within and above the bottom perimeter edge, and a horizontal lip connecting the bottom perimeter edge to the upstanding exterior portion;
a storage bin removably attached to the frame, the storage bin comprising:
a base with a perimeter and a ledge having a top and a bottom;
an upstanding wall extending upwardly from and flush with the bottom perimeter edge and having a height, with a substantially rectangular cross-section along the height;
a bottom surface cover that rests on the top of the ledge;
wherein the bottom of the ledge rests on the upstanding exterior portion when the storage bin is installed in the door.

US Pat. No. 10,168,094

REFRIGERATOR

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a cabinet in which a refrigerating compartment and a freezing compartment are defined;
a refrigerating compartment door to open or close the refrigerating compartment;
a freezing compartment door to open or close the freezing compartment;
a water supply passage connected to a water supply source outside the cabinet;
a water supply valve to open or close the water supply passage;
a plurality of filters vertically arranged in the refrigerating compartment;
a first cold water passage connected to an outlet of the plurality of filters;
a first purified water passage separately provided with respect to the first cold water passage, the first purified water passage being branched at the outlet of the plurality of filters;
a water tank having a cylindrical shape and disposed on the first cold water passage in the refrigerating compartment;
a flow adjustment valve connected to the first cold water passage and the first purified water passage;
a first common passage connected to the flow adjustment valve to pass through a hinge of the refrigerating compartment door;
a tube tank disposed on an inner surface of the refrigerating compartment door;
a distribution valve disposed in the refrigerating compartment door and connected to an outlet of the first common passage;
a second cold water passage connected to the distribution valve and a second valve via the tube tank; and
a second purified water passage separately provided with respect to the second cold water passage, the second purified water passage being connected to the distribution valve and a third valve,
wherein the purified water is more purified than supply water, and the cold water is colder than the purified water.

US Pat. No. 10,168,093

DOOR GUIDE ASSEMBLY AND REFRIGERATOR HAVING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A refrigerator, comprising:a main body having a storage chamber;
a first door rotatably connected to a front surface of the main body, configured to open or close the storage chamber, and having an opening in which at least one door guide assembly is arranged; and
a second door rotatably connected to a front surface of the first door, and configured to open or close the opening,
wherein the door guide assembly includes:
a guide removably fixed on side walls of the opening, and including a catching portion having catching projections arranged in an up-down direction,
a door guide including an accommodating groove to accommodate the guide at side walls of the accommodating groove, and guided by the guide to move in the up-down direction,
a stopper disposed in an inside of the accommodating groove, and caught by or released from the catching projections to adjust a position of the door guide, and
a fixing rib disposed in the guide, and configured to fix the stopper released from the catching projections, if the door guide moves up to a top of the guide.

US Pat. No. 10,168,092

REFRIGERATION DEVICE FOR CONTAINER

Daikin Industries, Ltd., ...

1. A container refrigeration apparatus provided in a container, having a refrigerant circuit where a refrigerant circulates to perform a refrigeration cycle, and allowing heat exchange in an evaporator connected to the refrigerant circuit between air in the container and the refrigerant to cool the air, the container refrigeration apparatus comprising:a gas supply device including at least one adsorption column provided with an adsorbent for absorbing nitrogen in air, a first pumping mechanism supplying pressurized outside air to the at least one adsorption column, and a second pumping mechanism sucking air from the at least one adsorption column to produce nitrogen-enriched air having a higher nitrogen concentration than outside air and supplying the nitrogen-enriched air to the interior of the container via a supply passage;
an oxygen concentration sensor which measures an oxygen concentration of the air in the container;
a controller which controls the operation of the gas supply device so that the oxygen concentration measured by the oxygen concentration sensor reaches a target concentration;
a measurement passage which guides part of the nitrogen-enriched air passing through the supply passage to the oxygen concentration sensor so that the oxygen concentration sensor measures the oxygen concentration of the nitrogen-enriched air;
an on-off valve provided for the measurement passage,
the container houses a fan producing an air flow that passes the evaporator and circulates in the container, and an air passage having a one end opened on a blowout side of the fan and the other end opened on a suction side of the fan so that the air in the container flows from the one end to the other end of the air passage as the fan rotates,
the oxygen concentration sensor is provided for the air passage to measure the oxygen concentration of the air passing through the air passage,
the measurement passage is comprised of a branch pipe which connects the supply passage and the air passage, the branch pipe diverging, and guiding to the air passage, part of the nitrogen-enriched air passing through the supply passage, and
the controller is configured to perform, while the gas supply device is in operation and a rotation of the fan is stopped, a supply air measurement operation in which the on-off valve is opened and the oxygen concentration sensor is allowed to measure the oxygen concentration of the nitrogen-enriched air.

US Pat. No. 10,168,091

AIR CONDITIONING COMPANION STABILIZER SYSTEM

1. An air conditioning companion stabilizer system, comprising:a condenser heat transfer medium movably disposed in a closed, discrete stabilizing loop that includes a condenser glycol refrigerant interface, a pump, and a rechargeable heat absorbing component connected through at least one conduit;
wherein the condenser glycol refrigerant interface is operative to enable a transfer of heat between the condenser heat transfer medium and refrigerant exiting a condenser of an air conditioning system;
wherein the rechargeable heat absorbing component is operative to absorb heat from the condenser heat transfer medium;
wherein said pump is operative to cycle the condenser heat transfer medium sequentially between the condenser glycol refrigerant interface and the rechargeable heat absorbing component, thereby enabling heat from the refrigerant to be absorbed in the rechargeable heat absorbing component; and
wherein said stabilizing loop additionally includes a first mixer valve configured to mix condenser heat transfer medium exiting the rechargeable heat absorbing component with condenser heat transfer medium exiting the condenser glycol refrigerant interface.

US Pat. No. 10,168,090

TEMPERATURE CONTROLLED BOX SYSTEM

EFP LLC, Elkhart, IN (US...

1. A container system comprising:a) a first outer container having an exterior and an interior;
b) a refrigerant disposed in said first outer container interior;
c) a payload container comprising an interior and an exterior, said payload container disposed interior to said refrigerant within said first outer container interior;
d) a payload disposed in said payload container interior;
e) a first insulating material disposed between said refrigerant and said payload container, wherein said first insulating material is cardboard;
f) a second insulating material disposed between said first insulating material and said payload container, wherein said second insulating material is a container comprising liquid water; and
g) a third insulating material disposed between said second insulating material and said payload container, wherein said third insulating material is cardboard.

US Pat. No. 10,168,089

REFRIGERATOR

Dongbu Daewoo Electronics...

1. A refrigerator, comprising:a refrigerator main body configured to define an outer shell of the refrigerator;
a door configured to open and close an internal space of the refrigerator main body;
an ice-making unit provided in the door;
a cold air generation unit configured to circulate a refrigerant so that a cold air is supplied to the internal space;
an ice-making pipe installed within the ice-making unit so that he ice-making unit makes heat exchange with the refrigerant;
a refrigerant pipe installed in the refrigerator main body so as to receive the refrigerant from the cold air generation unit; and
a soft pipe disposed around a folding portion of the refrigerator main body and the door and configured to interconnect the ice-making pipe and the refrigerant pipe in a stretchable manner,
wherein the soft pipe is configured to interconnect the ice-making pipe and the refrigerant pipe in a stretchable manner.

US Pat. No. 10,168,088

AIR CONDITIONING DEVICE HAVING BYPASS AND BEING OPERABLE IN A POSITIVE CYCLE DEFROSTING MODE

Daikin Industries, Ltd., ...

1. An air conditioning device, comprising:a main refrigerant circuit having a compressor, an indoor heat exchanger, a main valve, and an outdoor heat exchanger, the main refrigerant circuit being configured to operate in a heating mode, the main refrigerant circuit being configured to circulate a refrigerant through the compressor, the indoor heat exchanger, the main valve, and the outdoor heat exchanger in order; and
a discharge-intake bypass circuit having a superheat valve, the discharge-intake bypass circuit being connected to the main refrigerant circuit, the discharge-intake bypass circuit being configured such that, when the main refrigerant circuit is operating in the heating mode, it is possible for the refrigerant to bypass from a discharge side of the compressor to an intake side of the compressor;
the main refrigerant circuit being further configured to operate in a positive cycle defrosting mode in which the outdoor heat exchanger is defrosted while circulating refrigerant through the compressor, the indoor heat exchanger, the main valve, and the outdoor heat exchanger in order, and
when the main refrigerant circuit is operating in the positive cycle defrosting mode,
the superheat valve being configured to be opened so that the refrigerant is caused to bypass from the discharge side of the compressor to the intake side of the compressor through the discharge-intake bypass circuit and
a defrosting-mode main valve high-pressure control being performed, the main valve being configured to adjust a valve opening of the main valve so that a high pressure level of a refrigerating cycle in the main refrigerant circuit reaches a target high pressure when the defrosting-mode main valve high-pressure control is performed.