US Pat. No. 10,137,973

PROPULSION CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A MARINE VESSEL

1. A propulsion control system for controlling a marine vessel comprising a propulsion unit set which in turn comprises at least four propulsion units, the marine vessel comprising a longitudinal centre line and a transversal line, the transversal line extending in a direction perpendicular to the longitudinal centre line and also extends through the steering axis of an aftmost of the propulsion units, the marine vessel comprising four quadrants defined by the longitudinal centre line and the transversal line, wherein a first and a second quadrant are located on the same side of the longitudinal centre line, the propulsion control system being adapted to receive an input command from a vessel steering control arrangement, wherein, if the input command is indicative of a combined sway and yaw motion being desired, the propulsion control system is adapted to control the propulsion unit set such that:each one of a first, a second, a third and a fourth propulsion unit of the propulsion unit set produces a thrust in a direction that forms an angle with the longitudinal centre line;
each one of the first, second and third propulsion unit of the propulsion unit set produces a thrust in a direction towards the first quadrant;
the fourth propulsion unit of the propulsion unit set produces a thrust in a direction towards the second quadrant, and
the magnitude of the thrust produced by each of the first and the fourth propulsion unit is greater than the magnitude of the thrust produced by each one of the second and the third propulsion unit.

US Pat. No. 10,137,971

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR AUTOMATICALLY CONTROLLING ATTITUDE OF A MARINE VESSEL WITH TRIM DEVICES

Brunswick Corporation, M...

11. A method for automatically controlling a trim angle of a trimmable marine propulsion device with respect to a marine vessel, the method comprising:receiving a signal indicating a type of the propulsion device and thereafter retrieving a set of trim base profiles, as appropriate for the type of propulsion device, each base profile in the set of base profiles defining a unique relationship between a plurality of vessel speeds and respective trim angles of the propulsion device with respect to the marine vessel;
accepting a user selection of a base profile from the retrieved set of base profiles;
measuring a speed of the marine vessel;
with a controller, determining a setpoint trim angle that corresponds to the measured vessel speed according to the selected base profile; and
sending a control signal to position the propulsion device at the setpoint trim angle.

US Pat. No. 10,137,970

REGULATOR HAVING REMOVABLE FIRST STAGE ORIFICE BODY

Johnson Outdoors Inc., R...

1. A method of servicing a first stage pressure regulator; the method comprising:removing a removable high pressure orifice body from an inlet of a valve body;
modifying the removable high pressure orifice body;
reinserting the repaired orifice body into and on the inlet of the valve body; and
wherein the step of modifying the removable high pressure orifice body may include machining a new diameter of a flow restriction orifice of the removable high pressure orifice body that is of greater diameter than an original diameter of the flow restriction orifice.

US Pat. No. 10,137,969

FACE MASK WITH MOUNT FOR IMAGING DEVICE

Sport Dimension Inc., Ca...

1. An assembly, comprising:a mask having a frame that includes a right lens frame attached to a left lens frame by a bridge that supports a nosepiece, with a lens retained inside each of the right lens frame and the left lens frame, the frame further including a top surface and a connection region that is cut out from the top surface of the frame at the location of the bridge;
a support piece seated inside the connection region; and
a filler piece that is adapted to be seated inside the connection region and secured inside the connection region by the support piece, the filler piece having a top surface that is flush with the top surface of the frame when the filler piece is secured at the connection region; and
a mount piece having a bottom section, and a mount support extending vertically from the bottom section, with two or more engagement tabs and a retainer engagement tab provided on the mount support and spaced apart so as to define open transverse slots therebetween suitable for the insertion of a camera mount, wherein the bottom section is adapted to be seated inside the connection region and secured inside the connection region by the support piece when the mount piece is secured to the connection region.

US Pat. No. 10,137,968

STONE DUMPING VESSEL HAVING SYMMETRICAL STONE COMPARTMENTS

1. A stone dumping vessel having symmetrical stone compartments, comprising:a hull, having a control cabin, two sides of the control cabin being symmetrically provided with the stone compartments respectively, the stone compartments each have a compartment room to accommodate stones of various sizes and types, a bottom of the compartment room having a funnel shape for automatically unloading the stones, a midship portion of the hull being provided with conveyor systems respectively corresponding to the stone compartments for automatically conveying the stones of the stone compartments to the control cabin, the stone compartments being operated independently, the hull being provided with a pair of dynamic positioning (DP) system cabins symmetrically disposed at the two sides of the control cabin for positioning the hull;
a stone conveying unit, disposed in the control cabin and connected with the conveyor systems;
an oblique fallpipe unit, including a cannula compensating device, the cannula compensating device being disposed on a side of the hull, the oblique fallpipe unit further including a fallpipe, the fallpipe being mounted to the cannula compensating device, the cannula compensating device being able to position the fallpipe and connect the fallpipe with the stone conveying unit;
thereby, the conveyor systems cooperating with the stone conveying unit to automatically convey the stones to the fallpipe, the stone compartments being symmetrically disposed at the two sides of the control cabin and independently operated, and the dynamic positioning (DP) system cabins and the cannula compensating device being adapted to position the hull and the fallpipe respectively so that the stone dumping vessel can achieve high accuracy of stone dumping; and
the stone conveying unit including a first rail and a second rail, one end of each of the first rail and the second rail being connected to a corresponding one of the conveyor systems, another end of the first rail being connected to the second rail, and another end of the second rail being telescopic and selectively connectable to the fallpipe.

US Pat. No. 10,137,967

WINDLASS ASSEMBLY

LEWMAR LIMITED, Hampshir...

1. A windlass assembly for a marine craft anchoring system comprising an anchor and anchor rode, the assembly comprising, before attachment to the craft, a windlass portion and a bow roller portion connected to each other via a connection portion, the windlass portion comprising a gypsy adapted to haul the anchor rode for one turn or less around the gypsy, the connection portion being capable of providing a mechanical link between the windlass portion and the bow roller portion, capable of securing alignment between the windlass portion and the bow roller portion and capable of fixing the spacing between the gypsy and the bow roller portion.

US Pat. No. 10,137,966

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING RECIRCULATION-BASED ALTERNATING BLOWDOWN SEA CHEST

12. A method for alternating recirculation-based blowdown of a sea chest comprising the steps of:selecting, by a user, a first mode of operation;
selecting, by the user, a time interval corresponding to the first mode;
initiating, utilizing a pump, suction to a sea chest system;
discharging fluid from a discharge port;
recirculating fluid from the discharge port to the sea chest system; and
switching, utilizing a processor, from the first mode to a second mode.

US Pat. No. 10,137,965

SNOWMOBILE WITH LEANING CAPABILITY AND IMPROVEMENTS THEREFOR

1. A rear snowmobile suspension, comprising:a torsion link structure;
a control arm pivotally connected to a first end of the torsion link structure;
a wheel assembly pivotally connected to a second end of the torsion link structure;
a first slide rail attached to the wheel assembly with a sliding mechanism;
further including a second slide rail attached to the wheel assembly opposite the first slide rail; and
a torsion tube disposed between the first slide rail and second slide rail, the torsion tube attached to the first slide rail, second slide rail, and control arm.

US Pat. No. 10,137,964

ELECTRICAL BICYCLE OPERATING SYSTEM, ELECTRICAL DERAILLEUR, AND ELECTRICAL SEATPOST ASSEMBLY

SHIMANO INC., Sakai (JP)...

17. An electrical bicycle operating system comprising:a first switch to generate a first transmission control signal;
a second switch to generate a second transmission control signal; and
a control unit to electrically operate at least one of an electrical bicycle seatpost assembly, an electrical suspension, and a driving unit configured to output an assist force when both the first switch and the second switch are operated concurrently, wherein
the control unit is configured to generate a third signal to operate the at least one of the electrical bicycle seatpost assembly, the electrical suspension, and the driving unit when the control unit receives both the first transmission control signal and the second transmission control signal during more than an operation time period.

US Pat. No. 10,137,963

BICYCLE TRANSMISSION

Shimano Inc., Osaka (JP)...

1. A transmission of a bicycle comprising:an input rotating body to which a drive force is inputted, the input rotating body comprising an input gear;
a plurality of rotating bodies to which are transmitted rotation of the input rotating body, plurality of rotating bodies comprising an input side gear which meshes with the input rotating body;
a hollow shaft coaxially provided with the rotating bodies and rotatably supporting the rotating bodies; and
a clutch mechanism including a control shaft disposed inside the hollow shaft and being rotatably arranged relative to the hollow shaft, and configured to switch a coupling state between the rotating bodies and the hollow shaft by rotating the control shaft relative to the hollow shaft,
the clutch mechanism being configured to rotate the control shaft by transmitting a drive force that is applied to the input rotating body to the control shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,137,959

ELECTRIC BICYCLE DRIVE ASSEMBLY WITH TORQUE DETECTION

1. An electric bicycle drive assembly with torque detection, which is applicable for combination with a vehicle frame of a bicycle, wherein the bicycle comprises a toothed wheel, the electric bicycle drive assembly comprising:a torque detection mechanism, which comprises a sensing section and a torque detection element, the torque detection element being electrically connected to the sensing section to allow the torque detection element to detect torque variation of the sensing section and generate a signal;
a clutch mechanism, which is combined with the toothed wheel and the torque detection mechanism, the clutch mechanism comprising a first bearing and a one-way ring, the first bearing being arranged inside the clutch mechanism and coupled to the torque detection mechanism such that the torque detection mechanism is coupled through the first bearing to the clutch mechanism and thus rotatable, the one-way ring being arranged inside the clutch mechanism and located at one side of the first bearing, the clutch mechanism being coupled to the toothed wheel such that the clutch mechanism and the toothed wheel are synchronously rotatable; and
a sleeve member, which is coupled to the one-way ring of the clutch mechanism, the sleeve member being coupled to a drive device such that the sleeve member is driven by an electric machine assembly to rotate;
wherein when the torque detection mechanism is rotated with human power, the torque detection mechanism drives the clutch mechanism to rotate and the clutch mechanism drives the toothed wheel to rotate; and when the torque detection element detects torque variation induced in the sensing section, the torque detection element generates and applies a signal to a controller module to allow the controller module to activate and control the electric machine assembly, such that the electric machine assembly drives the sleeve member and the clutch mechanism to rotate and thus driving the toothed wheel to rotate.

US Pat. No. 10,137,957

BICYCLE OPERATING DEVICE

SHIMANO INC., Sakai (JP)...

1. A bicycle operating device comprising:a base member configured to be mounted to a bicycle body;
a cable control body pivotably mounted to the base member about a pivot axis to control a control cable;
an operating member movably mounted to the base member from a rest position to an operated position to move the cable control body;
a supporting structure to pivotably support the cable control body relative to the base member, the supporting structure being provided to the base member so as to at least partly intersect with the pivot axis; and
an adjusting structure to adjustably position the supporting structure relative to the base member about the pivot axis such that the rest position of the operating member is adjusted relative to the base member, wherein
the pivot axis about which the cable control body is pivotably mounted to the base member is provided at a stationary location with respect to the base member regardless of adjustment of the rest position of the operating member relative to the base member, and
the cable control body and the supporting structure are pivotable with respect to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,137,956

INVERTED PENDULUM VEHICLE

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. An inverted pendulum vehicle configured to be operated under an inverted pendulum control and comprising a vehicle body including a saddle provided in an upper part of the vehicle body,wherein the vehicle is configured to be selectively placed in a parked condition where the inverted pendulum control is terminated and the vehicle body is supported by a stand in a forwardly or rearwardly tilted position, and an upright condition where the vehicle body is held in an upright position under the inverted pendulum control, the vehicle further comprising a display unit for providing a guide on an operation for putting the vehicle body into the tilted position from the upright position or into the upright position from the tilted position according to a state of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,137,954

INTEGRATED ELECTRIC BICYCLE DRIVE SYSTEM

1. An integrated electric bicycle drive system comprising:an integrated unitary motor-controller-drive system for a bicycle having a frame, the integrated unitary motor-controller-drive system for a bicycle having a frame comprising: an electric motor; a controller configured to electronically control the electric motor; and a drive system mechanically coupled with the electric motor and configured to receive from the electric motor rotational power about a first axis and to transmit said rotational power to a sprocket rotatable about a second axis perpendicular to the first axis, the sprocket configured to be mechanically coupled with a rear wheel of the bicycle and to receive additional power from a rider of the bicycle pedaling the bicycle; wherein the electric motor and the controller portions of the integrated unitary motor-controller-drive system are configured to slide into and be housed within a first tube portion of the frame through an open bottom portion of the frame, the drive system portion of the integrated unitary motor-controller-drive system configured to attach with and cover the open bottom portion of the frame when the electric motor and the controller portions of the integrated unitary motor-controller-drive system are housed within the first tube portion of the frame;
a longitudinally-extending battery pack configured to be electrically connected with and to provide electrical power to the electric motor and the controller, the longitudinally-extending battery pack configured to slide into and be housed within a second tube portion of the frame, and
the first tube portion of the frame comprises a seat post tube configured to partially receive therein a post to support a seat for the bicycle.

US Pat. No. 10,137,952

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SUPPORT STRUCTURE FOR A PICKUP TRUCK BED

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of manufacturing a truck bed assembly comprising:extruding an aluminum tube;
extruding an aluminum reinforcement member having a channel with an interior surface;
spin-welding the tube to the interior surface of the reinforcement member;
roll-forming a cross-member;
forming a hole in the cross-member; and
inserting the tube through the hole in the cross-member while nesting the cross-member against the interior surface of the channel.

US Pat. No. 10,137,951

STEERABLE TRAILER

Salford Group Inc., Salf...

1. A steerable trailer comprising:a frame having frame-members for supporting a container;
at least a pair of opposed traction devices having an adjustable transverse distance therebetween rotatably mounted on stub axles mounted on a transverse axle bar mounted on the frame, the transverse axle bar having an adjustable height in relation to the ground;
a tongue pivotally mountable on a hitch tube of a transportation device or an implement being towed by a transportation device; and,
a steering mechanism for the traction devices, the steering mechanism comprising a 5-bar linkage assembly in which five linkage arms are connected at pivot points so that the five linkage arms are movable relative to each other, one of the linkage arms comprising the transverse axle bar and three of the five linkage arms, including the axle bar, being length adjustable,
the trailer further comprising stub axle assemblies, axle bar mounting plates and at least one axle insert,
each stub axle assembly comprising the stub axle and a stub axle mounting plate, the stub axle mounting plate comprising a first plurality of vertically separated connection structures,
the axle bar mounting plates situated proximate opposed ends of the transverse axle bar, each axle bar mounting plate comprising a second plurality of vertically separated connection structures, at least one of the vertically separated connection structures of the second plurality of connection structures alignable with and securable to any one of the first plurality of connection structures for mounting the axle bar at different heights with respect to the stub axle and the ground,
the at least one axle insert comprising
a first insert mounting plate, the first insert mounting plate comprising at least one connection structure alignable with at least one of the connection structures of the second plurality of connection structures for mounting the axle insert on the transverse axle bar, and
a second insert mounting plate, the second insert mounting plate comprising a third plurality of vertically separated connection structures, at least one of the vertically separated connection structures of the third plurality of connection structures alignable with and securable to any one of the first plurality of connection structures for mounting the axle insert at different heights with respect to the stub axle and the ground.

US Pat. No. 10,137,950

VEHICLE TRACK ASSEMBLY HAVING TAPERED WHEELS

ATI, Inc., Mt. Vernon, I...

1. In a vehicle track module mountable on a rotatable axle of a vehicle, the track module having a frame, a drive wheel rotatably mounted to the frame, leading and trailing idler wheels rotatably mounted to the frame, and at least one bogie wheel positioned between the leading and trailing idler wheels and in contact with a continuous flexible track extending about the drive wheel, the idler wheels and the at least one bogie wheel, the improvement wherein the at least one bogie wheel is a cylindrical wheel with an elastomeric tire therearound configured to give the wheel an elastomeric circumferential surface that is cross-sectionally tapered in a direction across the wheel such that the tapered circumferential surface has substantially full-width wheel contact with the track despite usage on crowned roads.

US Pat. No. 10,137,949

ENDLESS TRACK ASSEMBLY FOR SUPPORTING AN IMPLEMENT OR VEHICLE

1. A track assembly adapted to support an implement or vehicle and for accommodating uneven ground by improved contact with the ground, comprisingan elongated main frame supported for tilting movement on an axis transverse to the main frame,
the main frame having opposite end portions supporting a set of end wheels for rotation on parallel transverse axes,
an endless flexible belt extending around the set of end wheels and having an upper run and a lower run for engaging the ground,
a plurality of bogie wheels each having a transverse axis positioned below a plane defined by the axes of the end wheels, with the bogie wheels engaging the lower run of the endless belt,
a bogie frame supporting the bogie wheels on opposite sides of the main frame and including a transverse vertical guide plate extending under the main frame,
parallel spaced vertical guide plates supported by the bogie frame,
a set of rollers having horizontal axes and supported by the main frame on opposite sides of the vertical guide plate and between the parallel spaced guide plates and providing for vertical movement and universal tilting movement in all directions of the bogie frame and the bogie wheels, and
a plurality of compression spring members positioned to bias the bogie frame and the bogie wheels downwardly and for floating movement against the lower run of the endless belt.

US Pat. No. 10,137,948

VEHICLE TRACK ASSEMBLY HAVING TRACK ROTATION INDICATOR POLE

1. A vehicle track assembly comprising:a track framework comprising a frame structure, a drive drum configured to connect to a shaft on a vehicle, and a plurality of idler wheels supported by the frame structure;
a drive track arranged about and cooperatively engaging the plurality of idler wheels and the drive drum; and
an indicator pole connected to the frame structure approximately at a center of the drive drum and extending from the framework, wherein the indicator pole rotates with angular rotation of the track assembly with respect to the vehicle to provide an indication of the angle of rotation of the track assembly, wherein the indicator pole rotates forward or rearward as the track assembly rotates forward or rearward, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,137,947

VEHICLE SPARE TIRE AND TOWING SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a frame defining a trunk;
a load floor and a subfloor each secured to the frame, disposed within the trunk, and defining a spare tire receptacle therebetween;
a spare tire and a jack each defining orifices and disposed within the receptacle; and
a tow-eye having a fastening portion extending therefrom, wherein the fastening portion extends through the orifices and engages the subfloor to secure the spare tire and jack to the subfloor, and wherein the tow-eye includes a ridge between an eyelet of the tow-eye and the fastening portion, the spare tire includes an outer surface, and a washer disposed between the spare tire and the tow-eye engages the ridge and the outer surface to secure the spare tire and jack to the subfloor when the fasting portion engages the subfloor.

US Pat. No. 10,137,945

DEPLOYABLE FAIRING FOR USE WITH VEHICLES

XStream Trucking Inc., B...

1. A fairing structure for use with vehicles, the fairing structure comprising:a deployable upper panel assembly comprising a deployable upper panel, a first upper wing panel and at least a second upper wing panel, the first upper wing panel and the second upper wing panel each pivotally coupled to the deployable upper panel, the deployable upper panel having a leading edge, a trailing edge, and pivotal about a horizontal axis to move between a retracted configuration of the fairing structure in which the deployable upper panel is tilted relatively downwards from the horizontal axis with the trailing edge of the deployable upper panel positioned relatively below the leading edge of the deployable upper panel and a deployed configuration of the fairing structure in which the deployable upper panel extends rearwardly of the horizontal axis and is tilted relatively upwards from the horizontal axis with the trailing edge of the deployable upper panel positioned relatively above the leading edge of the deployable upper panel;
at least a first deployable side panel, the first deployable side panel coupled to translate and pivot in moving between the retracted configuration of the fairing structure and the deployed configuration of the fairing structure; and
at least a second deployable side panel, the second deployable side panel coupled to translate and pivot in moving between the retracted configuration of the fairing structure and the deployed configuration of the fairing structure,
wherein the first deployable side panel is pivotable about an axis that extends parallel to the proximal edge of the first deployable side panel and the second deployable side panel is pivotable about an axis that extends parallel to the proximal edge of the second deployable side panel,
wherein the axis that the first deployable side panel is pivotable about is spaced from the proximal edge of the fist deployable side panel at least in the deployed configuration of the fairing structure and the axis that the second deployable side panel is pivotable about is spaced from the proximal edge of the second deployable side panel at least in the deployed configuration of the fairing structure.

US Pat. No. 10,137,943

VEHICLE BODY ASSEMBLY

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. A vehicle body assembly comprising:a frame having a forward frame part defining a passenger cabin and a rear frame part defining a load carrying bed;
a separate rear fender removably fastened to the rear frame part, wherein a gap is provided between the forward frame part and the rear fender; and
a separate rear fender fairing mounted to an inside surface of the rear fender, the rear fender fairing including a seal located in the gap and sealingly engaging both the forward frame part and the rear fender.

US Pat. No. 10,137,942

SHEET METAL WORKPIECE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A workpiece comprising:a metal sheet having a plurality of knots and a plurality of webs formed therein;
wherein each web extends between two openings from a first knot to a second knot and at least three webs meet at each knot; and
wherein at least one of the plurality of the webs has a cross section with a hardened area forming an outer layer of the cross section, the hardened area layered on an underlying portion of the cross section, the hardened area having a hardness that is greater than the underlying portion.

US Pat. No. 10,137,941

VEHICLE BODY COMPONENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle body component comprising:a basic element;
a reinforcing element reinforcing the basic element, the reinforcing element being a fiber-reinforced plastics material and being joined form-fittingly at least in discrete locations to the basic element with at least one friction stir welded joint that joins the reinforcing element directly to a base, a flange, or a flank of the basic element without disturbing any fibers within the reinforcing element,
wherein the basic element is a pillar of a vehicle body or a roof element of a vehicle,
wherein the reinforcing element is bonded to the basic element by an adhesive layer that extends along the base and the flange of the basic element.

US Pat. No. 10,137,940

VEHICLE MEMBER JOINING STRUCTURE AND VEHICLE MEMBER JOINING METHOD

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A vehicle member joining structure comprising:a metal member that is part of a vehicle;
a resin member that is adjacent to the metal member; and
an adhesive that is provided between the metal member and the resin member and joins the metal member to the resin member, the adhesive having an elastic modulus that is lower than elastic moduli of the metal member and the resin member, wherein
a first through-hole is formed in the metal member, and a second through-hole is formed in the resin member coaxially with the first through-hole,
a fastening member that fastens the metal member and the resin member together is inserted through the first through-hole and the second through-hole,
a gap between a shaft of the fastening member and an inner periphery of at least one of the first through-hole and the second-through hole is larger than a difference in linear expansions of the metal member and the resin member at a time of heating of the vehicle member joining structure in a drying process of the adhesive,
the fastening member has (1) a first head that extends along the resin member from a first end of the shaft and anchors on the resin member, and (2) a second head that extends along the metal member from a second end of the shaft and anchors on the metal member, and
a surface area of a first region at which the metal member and the second head overlap as seen from an axial direction of the fastening member is larger than a surface area of a second region at which the resin member and the first head overlap as seen from the axial direction of the fastening member.

US Pat. No. 10,137,939

FASTENING ARRANGEMENT OF A RADIATOR TRIM AND A BUMPER ON A FRONT-END CARRIER OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Daimler AG, Stuttgart (D...

1. A radiator trim for a motor vehicle, comprising:a fastening part, wherein the radiator trim is fastenable to a front-end carrier of the motor vehicle by the fastening part and a fastening element; and
a connection element disposed in the fastening part, wherein the connection element projects downwards on a lower side from the fastening part and wherein the connection element is projectable into a receiver of a bumper fastening part to form a mutual fastening device of the radiator trim and of a bumper on the front-end carrier of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,137,937

ROOF ASSEMBLY FOR A VEHICLE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A roof bow assembly for a vehicle having a roof panel, comprising:a bow having an upper surface for supporting the panel, the bow defining a hole extending in a lengthwise direction; and
a cable extending through the hole and adapted to be coupled to spaced-apart roof frame members, wherein first and second ends of the cable protrude outside of the bow to be attached to the spaced-apart roof frame members, wherein the second end of the cable is coupled to a turnbuckle assembly configured to be coupled to one of the spaced-apart roof frame members, and wherein the cable is configured to be axially tensioned to support the bow and panel.

US Pat. No. 10,137,936

COLLAPSIBLE VEHICLE ROOF SUPPORT ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle, comprising:a body structure;
a side bracket secured to the body structure;
a spacer bracket secured to the side bracket and extending in a lateral direction toward an interior of the vehicle; and
a roof bow secured to the spacer bracket and extending in the lateral direction toward the interior of the vehicle, wherein the roof bow is secured to the spacer bracket through at least one fastener adapted to shear under a shear stress, and wherein the roof bow is secured to the spacer bracket such that a distal end of the roof bow is disposed in spaced relation relative to a distal end of the of the spacer bracket.

US Pat. No. 10,137,935

SUPPORT FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE BODY-IN-WHITE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A support for a motor vehicle body-in-white, comprising:a straight longitudinal portion of the support that includes at least one cavity which is delimited by walls of the support;
a reinforcing element received and secured in the straight longitudinal portion of the support in the at least one cavity; and
a plurality of supporting walls, wherein each of the plurality of supporting walls protrudes at a respective corner of the at least one cavity from a respective joining between the walls of the support and extends from the walls at an angle to the walls, wherein the reinforcing element is held in the at least one cavity by a force-fit engagement with the plurality of supporting walls.

US Pat. No. 10,137,934

VEHICLE BODY FRONT STRUCTURE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A vehicle body-front structure comprising:a front side frame provided at a front portion of a vehicle body,
said front side frame including
a front frame extending in a longitudinal direction of the vehicle body,
and a rear frame extending downward and rearward from a rear-end portion of said front frame,
wherein the front frame has a rear portion including
a front, bulkhead and a rear bulkhead which are longitudinally spaced apart from each other,
and a recessed portion including an outside wall disposed outside in a vehicle width direction of the vehicle body and recessed inward in the vehicle width direction,
and said recessed portion is positioned between said front bulkhead and said rear bulkhead.

US Pat. No. 10,137,932

VEHICLE CONTROL DEVICE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A vehicle control device which is configured to be capable of implementing automatic driving or providing an automatic driving assist, comprising:an external environment state detecting unit adapted to detect a state of external environment of a vehicle;
a lane information acquisition unit adapted to acquire lane information that is capable of specifying shape of a lane in which the vehicle intends to travel, on basis of a detection result by the external environment state detecting unit;
a state detecting unit adapted to detect a low speed traveling state in which speed of the vehicle is less than or equal to a predetermined value;
a target steering angle generating unit adapted to generate a target steering angle for the vehicle from a relationship between lane information acquired from the lane information acquisition unit and an attitude of the vehicle, during a period in which the low speed traveling state is being detected; and
a steering angle control unit adapted to control a steering angle of the vehicle so as to agree with the target steering angle generated by the target steering angle generating unit.

US Pat. No. 10,137,931

REDUNDANT STEERING CONTROLS FOR AUTOMATED DRIVING

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a brake system operable for controlling a steering system, including:
a primary brake control module for controlling fluid pressure in the brake system;
a secondary brake control module for controlling fluid pressure in the brake system independently of the primary brake control module;
at least one brake unit controlled by the primary brake control module or the secondary brake control module, the least one brake unit used for decelerating a vehicle;
at least one hydraulic motor controlled by the secondary brake control module;
a steering system used for steering the vehicle, the at least one hydraulic motor being part of the steering system;
at least one wheel being part of the steering system;
a virtual driver in electrical communication with the primary brake control module and the secondary brake control module;
a first mode of operation, the at least one wheel being configured to make a right-hand turn during the first mode of operation; and
a second mode of operation, the at least one wheel being configured to make a left-hand turn during the second mode of operation;
wherein the virtual driver is able to send commands to the secondary brake control module such that the secondary brake control module operates the at least one hydraulic motor in the first mode of operation to make the right-hand turn, and the secondary brake control module operates the at least one hydraulic motor in the second mode of operation to make the left-hand turn.

US Pat. No. 10,137,929

ELECTRIC POWER STEERING DEVICE FOR VEHICLE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An electric power steering device for a vehicle, comprising:at least one electric motor configured to add a predetermined assist force for assisting a steering wheel manipulation by a driver;
a plurality of assist systems including said electric motor, said assist systems electromagnetically driving said electric motor;
an electronic control unit configured to calculate an assist amount representing said predetermined assist force by using a manipulation force input by said driver via a steering wheel and control an assist to said steering wheel manipulation by using at least one of said assist systems on the basis of said calculated assist amount,
wherein when a malfunction occurs in a first assist system of said assist systems, said electronic control unit is configured to:
calculate a non-zero assist amount at one of vehicle stopping and moving while controlling a maximum assist amount at the vehicle stopping representing a non-zero maximum assist force added by said electric motor at the vehicle stopping to an amount smaller than a maximum assist amount at the vehicle moving representing a maximum assist force added by said electric motor at the vehicle moving;
control the assist to said steering wheel manipulation by using a second assist system, of said assist systems, other than said first assist system where the malfunction occurs, on the basis of said calculated non-zero assist amount at the vehicle stopping or moving;
when the vehicle is stopped, control the assist to said steering wheel manipulation by using the second assist system on the basis of said calculated non-zero assist amount at the vehicle stopping; and
when an acquired temperature acquired at a portion which generates heat due to the driving of said electric motor included in at least said second assist system of said assist systems exceeds a first predetermined temperature, calculate the non-zero assist amounts at the vehicle stopping while decreasing said non-zero maximum assist amount at the vehicle stopping as said acquired temperature rises.

US Pat. No. 10,137,928

STEERING ASSIST DEVICE

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. A steering assist device, comprising:an electric motor that applies a steering driving force to a steering operation mechanism of a vehicle;
an information obtaining unit that obtains a lateral deviation of the vehicle from a target travel line and a lateral deviation change rate, or a rate of change in the lateral deviation per unit time;
a steering torque detector that detects steering torque;
a steering assist current value setting unit that sets a steering assist current value corresponding to a target value of steering assist torque;
a lane keep assist current value calculation unit that calculates a lane keep assist current value corresponding to a target value of lane keep assist torque that makes the lateral deviation and the lateral deviation change rate closer to zero, based on the lateral deviation and the lateral deviation change rate obtained by the information obtaining unit;
a final lane keep assist current value setting unit that sets a final lane keep assist current value to the lane keep assist current value calculated by the lane keep assist current value calculation unit when a steering direction obtained from the detected steering torque detected by the steering torque detector is different from a steered direction corresponding to the lane keep assist current value calculated by the lane keep assist current value calculation unit, and that sets the final lane keep assist current value to zero when the steering direction obtained from the detected steering torque is the same as the steered direction corresponding to the lane keep assist current value;
a target current value calculation unit that calculates a target current value by using the steering assist current value set by the steering assist current value setting unit and the final lane keep assist current value set by the final lane keep assist current value setting unit; and
a control unit that drivingly controls the electric motor based on the target current value calculated by the target current value calculation unit,
wherein the lane keep assist current value calculation unit includes:
a first calculation unit that calculates a first lane keep assist current value based on the lateral deviation obtained by the information obtaining unit,
a second calculation unit that calculates a second lane keep assist current value based on the lateral deviation change rate obtained by the information obtaining unit, and
a third calculation unit that calculates the lane keep assist current value by adding the first lane keep assist current value calculated by the first calculation unit and the second lane keep assist current value calculated by the second calculation unit.

US Pat. No. 10,137,924

ADJUSTABLE STEERING COLUMN HAVING IMPROVED RIGIDITY

THYSSENKRUPP PRESTA AG, ...

1. A steering column arrangement for a motor vehicle comprising:a guide part for rotatably mounting a steering shaft about a longitudinal axis;
a guide box that is mountable on the motor vehicle, the guide part being positioned displaceably in the guide box along the longitudinal axis;
a clamping system for locking the guide part in the guide box, the clamping system switchable between a locked state in which the guide part is secured relative to the guide box and a released state in which the guide part is displaceable relative to the guide box in a direction of the longitudinal axis; and
a first contact surface and a second contact surface disposed between the guide box and the guide part, wherein in the released state the first contact surface is in first frictional contact with a surface of the guide part that opposes a displacement of the guide part along the longitudinal axis relative to the guide box, wherein in the locked state the second contact surface is in second frictional contact with a surface of the guide part such that a frictional force that operates as a holding force acts between the guide box and the guide part, wherein a first coefficient of sliding friction of the first frictional contact of the first contact surface is smaller than a second coefficient of sliding friction of the second frictional contact of the second contact surface.

US Pat. No. 10,137,922

STROLLER FRAME WITH A FOLDABLE TRAY

WONDERLAND SWITZERLAND AG...

1. A stroller frame comprising:a handle assembly having a first rotating end hub and a first distal end;
a front leg assembly having a second rotating end hub and a second distal end, said second rotating end hub being pivotably connected with said first rotating end hub about a hub axis to be rotated relative to said first rotating end hub so as to allow said stroller frame to transform between a folded state, where said first and second distal ends are close to each other, and an unfolded state, where said first and second distal ends are remote from each other;
a rear leg assembly pivotably connected with said front leg assembly;
a tray;
a tray mounting assembly coupled with said tray, and rotatably mounted on one of said first and second rotating end hubs such that said tray mounting assembly is rotated relative to said one of said first and second rotating end hubs when said second rotating end hub is rotated relative to said first rotating end hub to move said stroller frame to one of the folded and unfolded states, thereby converting said tray to one of a folded position and an unfolded position, said tray mounting assembly having a peripheral surface surrounding a central axis which is offset from and parallel to the hub axis and about which said tray mounting assembly is rotated, and a recess concaved from said peripheral surface toward the central axis;
a tray latching assembly having a latch end which is operatively engaged in said recess to retain and support said tray mounting assembly when said stroller frame is in the unfolded state so as to keep said tray in the unfolded position.

US Pat. No. 10,137,921

ELECTRIC STROLLER

1. An electric stroller, comprising:a stroller body part;
a stroller saddle part detachably attached to the stroller body part;
a left handle and a right handle;
a frame connected with the left handle and the right handle;
a holding unit connected to the frame and configured to fix the saddle part; and
an electric board connected with the body part,
wherein the electric board is provided to rotatably move upon the body part,
wherein the saddle part includes a first and a second protrusions disposed on a lateral surface thereof, and
wherein the holding unit includes:
a front groove and a rear groove having a longer length than that of the front groove;
a pressing member disposed in a front portion of the holding unit and having a front end, a rear end and an upper groove; and
an elastic part connected to the rear end of the pressing member such that the pressing member is configured to be movable inside the front portion of the holding unit in a front and rear directions of the holding unit, the upper groove of the pressing member is overlapped with the front groove, and the first protrusion is configured to be positioned at the front groove and the upper groove of the pressing member at a same time, and the second protrusion is configured to be positioned at the rear groove to fix the saddle part to the body part,
wherein the front groove is configured to be substantially closed by the pressing member when the first protrusion is locked in the upper groove of the pressing member to fix the saddle part to the body part, and is configured to be open when the front end of the pressing member is pressed in a rear direction of the holding unit to release the first protrusion from the upper groove and the front groove.

US Pat. No. 10,137,920

HAND TRUCK ASSEMBLY

1. A hand truck assembly being configured to transport an object over a curb or the like, said assembly comprising:a frame being configured to be manipulated, said frame having a central member extending between a pair of outward members such that said frame has a U-shape, each of said outward members having a distal end with respect to said central member, each of said outward members having a first bend thereon to define a lower half forming an angle with an upper half, said first bend corresponding to each of said outward members being centrally positioned between said central member and said distal end;
a plate being coupled to said frame wherein said plate is configured to support an object thereby facilitating the object to be lifted;
a pair of first wheels, each of said first wheels being rotatably coupled to said frame wherein each of said first wheels is configured to roll along the support surface thereby facilitating the object to be transported;
a second wheel being rotatably coupled to said frame such that said second wheel selectively supports said frame when one of said first wheels is damaged;
a pair of handles, each of said handles being coupled to said frame wherein each of said handles is configured to be manipulated;
a pair of mounts, each of said mounts having a first end, a second end and a second bend being centrally positioned between said first and second ends, each of said first and second ends corresponding to each of said mounts being coupled to an associated one of said outward members having each of said mounts extending rearwardly from said associated outward member, each of said mounts being positioned on said lower half of said associated outward member, each of said first wheels being positioned on said second bend of an associated one of said mounts; and
an axle extending between said second bend on each of said mounts, said second wheel is rotatably positioned on said axle wherein said second wheel is configured to roll along the supports surface, said second wheel being slidable between said pair of first wheels.

US Pat. No. 10,137,919

CLIP-ON SMARTPHONE HOLDER FOR A CART

Cart Phone Caddy, LLC, S...

1. An electronic device holder mountable on a shopping cart, the electronic device holder comprising:a generally S-shaped clip including a front bend disposed between a front panel and an intermediate panel, the front bend having a front bend radius and being at least a 180° bend and less than a 270° bend;
the front panel angled towards the intermediate panel by the front bend, the front panel extending upwardly from the front bend by a front panel length,
the intermediate panel extending from the front bend to a mounting bend at an intermediate panel length, the intermediate panel length being greater than the front panel length,
the front panel being generally elastically deflectable away from the intermediate panel to provide at least a ¼-inch space between the front panel and the intermediate panel, the mounting bend having a mounting bend radius and being at least a 180° bend and less than a 270° bend,
a back panel extending downwardly from the mounting bend, the back panel being angled toward the intermediate panel by the mounting bend, the intermediate panel being disposed between the back panel and the front panel and between the front bend and the mounting bend, the back panel being generally elastically deflectable away from the intermediate panel to provide at least a ¼-inch space between the back panel and the intermediate panel, and
a window in the front panel, the window comprising an aperture in the front panel.

US Pat. No. 10,137,917

SHOPPING CART ITEM SECURING DEVICE

1. A shopping cart attachment comprising:an attachment brace comprising a first member and a second member attached together by a first connector at a first side and a second connector at a second side, wherein a circular opening sized to tightly fit around a handle bar of a shopping cart is defined in between the first member and the second member;
a support arm laterally extending from the second member of the attachment brace at an angle, the support arm comprising a distal end comprising a C-shaped head comprising terminal ends and defining an opening perpendicular to the circular opening; and
an accessory clasp comprising a lower member extending from the first member of the attachment brace and an upper member, wherein the upper member and the lower member are attached together by a hinge at a first side and releasably attached together by a latch at a second side, wherein an accessory opening is formed in between the lower member and the upper member.

US Pat. No. 10,137,915

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING OPERATIONAL ANOMALIES IN TRAIN CONSISTS AND RAILCARS

AMSTED RAIL COMPANY, INC....

1. A system for detecting operational anomalies on a train consist or railcar comprising:(a) one or more communication management units mounted on one or more railcars;
(b) one or more sensors located on said one or more railcars configured to sense an operational parameter of said one or more railcars, said sensors being in communication with said one or more communication management units, wherein the one or more sensors comprise one or more sensors configured to measure accelerations of the railcar; and
(c) one or more filters configured to filter at least a portion of the accelerations,
wherein said communication management units perform the functions of:
(i) collecting data regarding said one or more railcar operational parameters;
(ii) analyzing said collected data for trends or events indicative of an anomalous operational condition; and
(iii) communicating a message to a remote receiver when said trend or event is detected.

US Pat. No. 10,137,914

TRAIN SAFETY WARNING SYSTEM

1. A train safety warning system comprising:a train vehicle including a transmitter, the train vehicle positioned on and movable along a track; and
a first warning device including an emitter that is positioned at a same elevation as the track, the first warning device in association with a receiving device that is in in signal communication with the train vehicle, the emitter configured to output an indication that the train vehicle is approaching at a time that is a function of a position along the track and a rate of motion of the train vehicle based on the signal communication with the train vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,137,913

METHOD FOR SWITCHING A TRAIN ON AND OFF, AND ROUTE AND TRAIN CONFIGURATION FOR CARRYING OUT THE METHOD

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A method for switching a train off and on in a parking position, the method comprising the following steps:providing a train-side automatic train control device and a route-side train monitoring system;
A) moving the train into the parking position, establishing an electrical connection between a train-side train reclosing unit and a route-side coupling module being connected to the train monitoring system and supplying the train reclosing unit with power from the coupling module through the electrical connection;
B) switching-off train-side subsystems by using the train control device;
C) shutting-down and switching-off the train control device;
D) carrying out event-triggered reactivation of the train control device aided by the train-side train reclosing unit;
E) switching-on subsystems of the train by using the train control device; and
F) exiting the parking position and separating the electrical connection between the train reclosing unit and the coupling module.

US Pat. No. 10,137,909

AIR COMPRESSOR UNIT FOR VEHICLE

NABTESCO CORPORATION, To...

1. An air compressor unit configured to be mounted on a vehicle, the air compressor unit comprising:an air compressor for compressing sucked air;
an electric motor for driving the air compressor;
an after-cooler for cooling compressed air generated in the air compressor;
an after-cooler cooling fan for generating cooling air flow for the after-cooler; and
an air compressor cooling fan for cooling the air compressor;
wherein the after-cooler includes:
a first cooling unit having a first flow passage into which the compressed air generated in the air compressor flows and configured to be cooled by cooling air flow generated by the air compressor cooling fan flowing in contact with the first cooling unit; and
a second cooling unit having a second flow passage into which the compressed air cooled in the first cooling unit flows and configured to be cooled by the cooling air flow generated by the after-cooler cooling fan, wherein the second cooling unit is configured to cause direct heat exchange between the compressed air and the cooling air flow generated by the after-cooler cooling fan flowing in contact with the second cooling unit so as to further cool the compressed air,
wherein the air compressor cooling fan is configured as an axial fan, and
wherein the first cooling unit and the air compressor are arranged on an extension line of a rotary shaft of the air compressor cooling fan.

US Pat. No. 10,137,908

VEHICLE TRACTION CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD

General Electric Company,...

3. A system comprising:one or more processors configured to be disposed onboard a vehicle system and to determine, during movement of the vehicle system along a route, a tractive load demanded by the vehicle system to propel the vehicle system along the route, the vehicle system including a first propulsion-generating vehicle having a first plurality of individually controllable traction motors and a second propulsion-generating vehicle having a second plurality of individually controllable traction motors, the first and second vehicles being linked to travel together along the route, each of the traction motors in the first plurality and in the second plurality coupled with a different axle of the vehicle system such that each of the traction motors individually controls the corresponding axle of the vehicle system,
wherein the one or more processors also are configured to identify a first selected set of the first plurality of traction motors for deactivation during the movement of the vehicle system along the route based at least in part on the tractive load demanded by the vehicle system, and to deactivate the traction motors in the first selected set while at least one of the traction motors in a first remaining set of the first plurality of traction motors continues to generate tractive effort to propel the vehicle system, and
wherein the one or more processors also are configured to identify a second selected set of the second plurality of traction motors for deactivation during movement of the vehicle system along the route based at least in part on the tractive load demanded by the vehicle system, and to deactivate the traction motors in the second selected set while at least one of the traction motors in a second remaining set of the second plurality of traction motors continues to generate tractive effort to propel the vehicle system.

US Pat. No. 10,137,907

STARTUP SUGGESTION DEVICE AND STARTUP SUGGESTION METHOD

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A startup suggestion device that is mounted on a vehicle together with a driving support device for assisting a driving operation of a driver or taking a wheel, and suggests a startup of the driving support device to the driver, the startup suggestion device comprising:a state value acquisition unit that acquires a state value indicative of a traveling state of the vehicle;
a preference value acquisition unit that acquires a preference value indicating a traveling state of the vehicle that is preferred by the driver; and
a startup suggestion unit that suggests the startup of operation of the driving support device to assist the driving operation of the driver or taking a wheel and to reduce a driving load of the driver according to a comparison between the state value and the preference value.

US Pat. No. 10,137,905

OPTIMIZATION OF A VEHICLE TO COMPENSATE FOR WATER CONTAMINATION OF A FLUID OF A VEHICLE COMPONENT

1. A method of modifying a performance of a vehicle component whose performance is affected by a vehicle fluid that is contaminated by water, the method comprising:recording sensor data describing refractometry measurements for the vehicle fluid;
determining contamination data for the vehicle fluid based on the sensor data and the refractometry measurements described by the sensor data, wherein the contamination data describes an amount of water present in the vehicle fluid and indicates that the vehicle fluid is contaminated by water; and
analyzing the contamination data to determine parameter data describing modifications for a set of parameters for an advanced driver assistance system (“ADAS system”) that control an operation of the ADAS system, wherein the parameter data is operable to update the set of parameters and thereby modify the operation of the ADAS system to compensate for the amount of water present in the vehicle fluid so that vehicle component performs as though the vehicle fluid is substantially not contaminated by water.

US Pat. No. 10,137,902

ADAPTIVE INTERACTIVE VOICE SYSTEM

HARMAN INTERNATIONAL INDU...

1. An apparatus for adaptively interacting with a driver via voice interaction, the apparatus comprising:a computational models block configured to:
receive driver related parameters, vehicle related parameters, and vehicle environment parameters from a plurality of sensors and employ modeling software with instructions that are executed on one or more devices to:
generate a driver state model based on the driver related parameters,
generate a vehicle state model based on the vehicle related parameter, and
generate a vehicle environment state model based on the vehicle environment parameters; and
an adaptive interactive voice system configured to:
generate a voice output based on a driver's situation and context as indicated on information included within at least one of the driver state model, the vehicle state model, and the vehicle environment state model;
determine, based on the information included within the at least one of the driver state model, the vehicle state model, and the vehicle environment state model, that the driver is engaged in a conversation with a person; and
refrain from outputting the voice output while the driver is engaged in the conversation with the person to avoid interrupting the conversation.

US Pat. No. 10,137,901

INTOXICATED VEHICLE DRIVER ACCIDENT REDUCTION SYSTEM

1. An engine control device for use in a sobriety ignition interlock system comprises:a housing, an engine control processor (ECP), an electronic input port for connecting to an engine sensor assembly, an electronic output port for connecting to an engine control unit (ECU), and a wiring harness for connecting to a sobriety measuring device;
the ECP being positioned within the housing;
the electronic input port and the electronic output port being mounted into the housing;
the ECP being electronically connected in between the electronic input port, the electronic output port, and the wiring harness;
the ECP being configured to receive a sobriety signal from the sobriety measuring device;
the ECP being configured to intercept an engine signal transmitted from the engine sensor assembly to the ECU; and
the ECP being configured to manipulate the engine signal in response to the sobriety signal.

US Pat. No. 10,137,900

METHODS FOR VEHICLE SPEED ACCURACY COMPENSATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:adjusting a determination of speed of a motor vehicle responsive to character recognition of an image from an on-board camera of the vehicle, the image including a speed measurement source external to the vehicle, and controlling power output of a motor propelling the vehicle based in part on a difference between a desired vehicle speed and the adjusted determination of vehicle speed to achieve the desired vehicle speed.

US Pat. No. 10,137,898

VEHICLE OPERATOR NOTIFICATION SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:an ignition configured to start and shutdown the vehicle;
a selector configured to transition the vehicle between standard and economy driving modes;
a transmission having a gear selector; and
a controller programmed to,
in response to starting the vehicle after a prior shutdown with the economy mode selected, generate a notification that the vehicle was operating in the economy mode upon the prior shutdown, and
in response to the gear selector being shifted out of a parked position in the absence of an economy mode selection after starting the vehicle, automatically select the standard driving mode.

US Pat. No. 10,137,897

SYSTEMS AND METHODOLOGIES FOR MODIFYING A VEHICLE OPERATING PROFILE

1. A method for modifying a vehicle operating profile, the method comprising:determining, using processing circuitry, a predetermined energy condition based upon at least one input to the processing circuity;
determining, using the processing circuitry, a geographic location of a vehicle based upon the at least one input to the processing circuity;
identifying, using the processing circuitry, at least one energy station as a function of a plurality of factors;
determining, using the processing circuitry, a vehicle range based on an energy level of the vehicle and a first mode of vehicle operation;
determining, using the processing circuitry, whether an energy saving condition is satisfied based on the vehicle range, a location of the at least one energy station, and the geographical location of the vehicle;
entering an economy mode when the energy saving condition is satisfied;
determining, using the processing circuitry, whether a fill is completed based upon the at least one input to the processing circuity; and
exiting the economy mode in response to determining that the fill is completed,
wherein, in the economy mode:
the method includes sending a control signal to at least one vehicle system, and
the at least one vehicle system alters at least one operating parameter based upon the control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,137,892

VEHICLE MONITORING SYSTEM

MAGNA ELECTRONICS INC., ...

1. A vehicle monitoring system, said vehicle monitoring system comprising:a central processor operable to receive data wirelessly communicated to said central processor from multiple vehicles, wherein said central processor is not part of any vehicle of the multiple vehicles;
wherein each of the multiple vehicles is equipped with a plurality of vision sensors and a plurality of non-vision sensors;
wherein said plurality of vision sensors comprises (i) at least one forward viewing camera, (ii) at least one sideward viewing camera and (iii) at least one rearward viewing camera;
wherein said plurality of non-vision sensors comprises at least one of (a) a radar sensor and (b) a LIDAR sensor;
wherein each of the multiple vehicles is equipped with an electronics control unit (ECU);
wherein image data captured by said plurality of vision sensors of each of the multiple vehicles is provided to the ECU of the respective one of the multiple vehicles;
wherein sensor data sensed by said plurality of non-vision sensors of each of the multiple vehicles is provided to the ECU of the respective one of the multiple vehicles;
wherein image data and sensor data provided to the ECU of each of the multiple vehicles is processed at that ECU to detect and classify objects external to the respective one of the multiple vehicles;
wherein the respective ECU wirelessly communicates (i) vehicle data indicative of operation of the respective one of the multiple vehicles and (ii) environment data indicative of the environment in which the respective one of the multiple vehicles is traveling;
wherein said central processor is operable to wirelessly receive, from each of the multiple vehicles, the respective vehicle data indicative of operation of the respective one of the multiple vehicles and the respective environment data indicative of the environment in which the respective one of the multiple vehicles is operating;
wherein, responsive to vehicle data and environment data wirelessly received at said central processor from the multiple vehicles, said central processor determines if one or more of the multiple vehicles is at or approaching a hazardous condition; and
wherein, responsive to the determination that one or more of the multiple vehicles is a threatened vehicle at a potentially hazardous condition, said central monitoring system at least one of (i) actuates an alert of the threatened vehicle to alert a driver of the threatened vehicle of the determined hazardous condition and (ii) controls a vehicle system of the threatened vehicle to mitigate the determined hazardous condition.

US Pat. No. 10,137,888

METHOD FOR GUIDING PARKING MODE IN REMOTE AUTOMATIC PARKING SUPPORT SYSTEM

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for guiding a vehicle in a parking mode in a remote automatic parking support system, comprising:detecting, by a processor, a width of a parking space, a weather condition, an outdoor temperature, and a parking state of a neighbor vehicle when the parking space is detected;
guiding, by the processor, the vehicle in a first parking mode in which automatic parking is performed based on a parking request from a driver terminal positioned extraneous to a vehicle when the width of the parking space is less than a reference value;
guiding, by the processor, the vehicle in a second parking mode in which automatic parking is performed based on a parking request from a switch mounted within the vehicle when rain is detected, when the outdoor temperature exceeds a first threshold value, and when the outdoor temperature is less than a second threshold value; and
performing, by the processor, automatic parking in a parking mode selected by a driver.

US Pat. No. 10,137,885

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPERATING A MOTOR VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for operating a vehicle having different operating modes affecting emissions, comprising:activating, by a vehicle controller, at least one of the different operating modes affecting emissions selected in response to an estimated population density of a designated area associated with a current location or an anticipated future location of the vehicle, wherein the estimated population density is based on smartphone-based positions and velocity vectors of people within a specified estimation area.

US Pat. No. 10,137,884

CONTROL APPARATUS OF HYBRID VEHICLE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A control apparatus of a hybrid vehicle in which an engine, a first rotary electric machine, and a second rotary electric machine are connected to each other through a transmission mechanism including a gear train, the control apparatus configured to:determine whether or not a drive state of the hybrid vehicle satisfies an abnormal sound generation condition of the gear train;
execute a process to not apply a pressing torque for reducing rattling from the first rotary electric machine to the gear train of the transmission mechanism when the abnormal sound generation condition is not satisfied,
determine whether or not a retention time, which is a period in which the abnormal sound generation condition continues to be satisfied, exceeds a predetermined value when the abnormal sound generation condition is satisfied,
execute the process to not apply the pressing torque when the abnormal sound generation condition is satisfied and the retention time does not exceed the predetermined value, and
execute a pressing process to apply the pressing torque when the abnormal sound generation condition is satisfied and the retention time exceeds the predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 10,137,881

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HYBRID VEHICLE REGENERATIVE BRAKING CONTROL

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A system for controlling regenerative braking in a hybrid vehicle, the system comprising:a driving information sensor detecting driving information according to driving of the hybrid vehicle;
a motor assisting a driving force of an engine in an acceleration interval of the hybrid vehicle and operating as a generator in a deceleration interval in which a brake operates;
a motor controller charging a battery using a regenerative energy generated by the motor;
a hybrid controller calculating braking forces generated by friction in the engine according to respective drivable gear stages of the hybrid vehicle, comparing a braking force in a gear stage currently used when a driver of the hybrid vehicle depresses a brake pedal during driving of the hybrid vehicle with a largest value among the calculated braking forces, setting a smaller value of the braking force in the gear stage currently used and the largest value among the calculated braking forces as a target regenerative braking force to control regenerative braking, and controlling a kick-down shifting to shift to a gear stage corresponding to a braking force that compensates for a limited regenerative braking force, among the drivable gear stages; and
a transmission controller performing the kick-down shifting based on control of the hybrid controller.

US Pat. No. 10,137,880

CONTROL APPARATUS FOR HYBRID VEHICLE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

5. A control apparatus that is applied to a hybrid vehicle, the hybrid vehicle including an internal combustion engine that serves as a drive source of the hybrid vehicle, an electric motor that serves as a drive source of the hybrid vehicle, and a storage battery that supplies electric power to the electric motor, the hybrid vehicle being configured to perform regenerative braking with use of the electric motor and to charge the storage battery with electric power generated through the regenerative braking, the hybrid vehicle being also configured to charge the storage battery with electric power generated by using output power of the internal combustion engine, the control apparatus being configured to control the internal combustion engine and the electric motor such that a required driving force that is required from the hybrid vehicle is satisfied and a remaining amount of charge of the storage battery approaches a target remaining amount of charge set to a normal remaining amount of charge, the control apparatus comprising:a first memory to store map information;
circuitry configured to:
determine a scheduled travel route from a current location of the hybrid vehicle to a destination on the basis of the map information, the circuitry being configured to search for a target downhill section that satisfies a predetermined condition within the scheduled travel route on the basis of measured gradient information pertaining to a gradient and stored in the first memory for each road section that constitutes the scheduled travel route, and, when there is the target downhill section, determine, within a section from a downhill control start point that is located a predetermined first distance from a start point of the target downhill section to an end point of the target downhill section, a controlled section including at least a section from the downhill control start point to the start point of the target downhill section, and the circuitry being configured to, when the hybrid vehicle has traveled on a road section, acquire actual gradient information pertaining to an actual gradient of the road section from a sensor provided in the hybrid vehicle, and
when the hybrid vehicle travels on the controlled section, execute downhill control in which the target remaining amount of charge is changed to a first remaining amount of charge lower than the normal remaining amount of charge; and
a second memory to store the actual gradient information in association with the road section, wherein
the circuitry is configured to, when the actual gradient information of the road section that constitutes the scheduled travel route is stored in the second memory in a case of searching for the target downhill section, search for the target downhill section by using the actual gradient information instead of the measured gradient information for the road section of which the actual gradient information is stored.

US Pat. No. 10,137,877

BRAKE SYSTEM FOR MOTOR VEHICLES

1. A brake system for motor vehicles, the brake system comprising:a brake master cylinder which can be actuated by a brake pedal and which comprises at least one first pressure chamber, wherein the brake master cylinder is separably hydraulically connected to a plurality of wheel brakes,
a pressure medium storage container assigned to the brake master cylinder, wherein the first pressure chamber of the brake master cylinder has a pressure balancing port for connecting to the pressure medium storage container and a first pressure chamber output port hydraulically connected to at least one of the wheel brakes, wherein the first pressure chamber output port is separate from the pressure balancing port,
a first electrically controllable pressurization device which can be connected to the wheel brakes,
a pressure regulating valve arrangement for regulating and controlling a wheel brake pressure that is set at the wheel brakes,
a first electronic control and regulating unit for controlling the first pressurization device and the pressure regulating valve arrangement,
a second electrically controllable pressurization device connected to the brake master cylinder and having a pressure output port and the second electrically controllable pressurization device is assigned to a second electronic control and regulating unit,
wherein the first and the second pressurization devices can build up brake pressures independently of each other,
wherein the pressure output port of the second pressurization device is connected to the pressure balancing port, wherein the second pressurization device builds up pressure in the at least one first pressure chamber via the pressure output port of the second pressurization device and the pressure balancing port,
wherein the at least one first pressure chamber is separably hydraulically connected to at least one of the wheel brakes via the first pressure chamber output port.

US Pat. No. 10,137,874

BRAKE PEDAL EMULATOR OF A BRAKE-BY-WIRE SYSTEM AND METHOD OF OPERATION

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A brake pedal emulator extending and connected between a support structure and a brake pedal operatively engaged to the support structure, the brake pedal emulator comprising:a hydraulic cylinder including a magneto-rheological hydraulic fluid and an electrical element configured to carry an electrical current for controlling a viscosity of the magneto-rheological hydraulic fluid and thereby control a first force exerted by the hydraulic cylinder when actuated;
a coiled spring engaged between the support structure and the brake pedal, and concentrically disposed about the hydraulic cylinder, wherein the coiled spring is constructed and arranged to exert a second force upon the brake pedal that varies as a function of brake pedal travel, wherein the coiled spring and the hydraulic cylinder are compressible along a common centerline;
a base member directly engaged pivotally to the support structure at a first pivot axis and rigidly engaged to the hydraulic cylinder; and
a linking member directly engaged pivotally to the brake pedal at a second pivot axis and directly engaged to a reciprocating head of the hydraulic cylinder, and wherein the coiled spring is seated between the base member and the linking member for compression as the brake pedal is actuated.

US Pat. No. 10,137,873

SIDE-BY-SIDE ALL-TERRAIN VEHICLE

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. An all-terrain vehicle comprising:a frame including a front frame part and a rear frame part, the rear frame part is separate from and connected to the front frame part via frame joints which are spaced laterally from one another in a width direction of the vehicle;
a seating surface supported by one of the front frame part and the rear frame part;
an engine supported by the rear frame part, the engine is positioned behind the seating surface;
left and right front wheels operably coupled to the front frame part and drivingly coupled to the engine via a front drive unit;
left and right rear wheels operably coupled to the rear frame part and drivingly coupled to the engine via a rear drive unit; and
a brake system mounted to the frame and including front wheel brakes for the respective left and right front wheels and rear wheel brakes for the respective left and right rear wheels, the brake system further including a brake modulator and a master brake cylinder operably connected to the brake modulator, the brake modulator mounted to the front frame part.

US Pat. No. 10,137,871

ADAPTIVE BRAKING FOR A VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEM

Bendix Commercial Vehicle...

1. A controller for a vehicle system on a host vehicle comprising:an input for receiving a travel signal indicative of a direction of travel of the host vehicle;
an output for transmitting a braking signal to control a braking action of the host vehicle;
a processor having control logic, the control logic capable of:
identifying a first target in a lane of travel of the host vehicle;
monitoring for an active braking intervention request;
monitoring for an additional target in an adjacent lane of travel to the host vehicle;
transmitting a first braking signal at the output to control a braking action at a first braking level in response to receiving the active braking intervention request and identifying no other targets in adjacent lanes of travel to the host vehicle;
identifying the additional target in the adjacent lane of travel;
receiving the travel signal at the input indicative of a change in the direction of travel of the host vehicle toward the identified additional target; and
transmitting a second braking signal at the output to control the braking action at a second braking level in response to receiving the active braking intervention request, identifying the additional target and receiving the travel signal indicative of the host vehicle moving to toward the additional target, the second level being different than the first level.

US Pat. No. 10,137,869

AUTOMATIC BRAKE HOLD WITH LOW SPEED MANEUVERABILITY

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle comprising:an autohold selector;
a gear selector including forward and reverse gear positions;
a brake pedal;
a brake actuator;
a control circuit configured to initiate a brake hold event of the brake actuator in response to predetermined conditions including the autohold selector being on and the vehicle braking to a stop with the brake pedal depressed, wherein initiating the brake hold event is prevented if the gear selector is in the reverse position, and wherein the control circuit prevents initiation of a brake hold event for a predetermined interval when the gear selector shifts from the reverse position to the forward gear position or the neutral position.

US Pat. No. 10,137,868

BRAKING DEVICE FOR VEHICLES SUCH AS, FOR EXAMPLE, WALKING FRAMES, STROLLERS OR DISABLED WHEELCHAIRS

1. Braking device (100) for a vehicle such as, for example, a walking frame, a stroller or a disabled wheelchair, comprising:a hand grip (2) extending along an extension axis (X-X) adapted to be rotatably mounted on a handlebar of a vehicle;
a slide (3) operatively combined with a cable of a vehicle brake or lock;
said slide (3) being translatable between a locked position tensioning said cable and an unlocked position leaving loose the cable, and vice versa;
said slide (3) being translatable orthogonally to the extension axis (X-X) of said hand grip;
at least one pin element (4) engaged with a profile; said at least one pin element (4) sliding with respect to said profile to activate the translation of said slide; said at least one pin element (4) sliding with respect to said profile between a first position, in which said slide is in the unlocked position, and a second position, in which said slide is in the locked position, and vice versa;
said at least one pin element (4) or said profile (7) being integral with said hand grip so that the rotation of the hand grip activates the translation of said slide (3).

US Pat. No. 10,137,867

VEHICLE LOW PRESSURE BRAKE ARRANGEMENT

AUTOLIV DEVELOPMENT AB, ...

1. A vehicle braking arrangement comprising:a braking plate including a sealing rim running circumferentially adapted to at least partially contact the ground in a braking position such that an at least partly enclosed volume then is formed between the braking plate and the ground, the braking plate movable to the braking position from a rest position;
an expandable chamber at least fluidly connectable to the at least partly enclosed volume and where, when the braking plate is in the braking position, a volume of the expandable chamber is arranged to expand, from a first volume to a second volume such that air pressure in the expandable chamber initially falls below an air pressure of ambient air, such that, when the expandable chamber is fluidly connected to the at least partly enclosed volume, the pressure is lowered in the at least partly enclosed volume as a result of a lowered pressure in the expandable chamber, which results in pressing of the braking plate against the ground by a conferred pressure difference between air outside the at least partly enclosed volume and air in the at least partly enclosed volume such that a retaining force between the braking plate and the ground is obtained; and
a valve assembly fluidly connecting the expandable chamber and the at least partly enclosed volume, the valve assembly including a trigger pin, at least one locking pin, a piston and a housing, the piston being co-axially arranged in the housing, the housing includes at least one aperture that connects the expandable chamber to an interior of the housing, the piston being locked in sealing engagement with the housing by the locking pin, the trigger pin being arranged to release the piston by acting on the locking pin when the trigger pin is pressed against the ground, the piston when released allowing a fluid connection between the enclosed volume and the expandable chamber to be established.

US Pat. No. 10,137,866

TANK SYSTEM FOR HAVING A DISCHARGE ADAPTER FOR PRODUCING BUBBLES AND DISPENSING THE BUBBLES AS THEY FALL FROM THE TANK ONTO A PASSING VEHICLE

1. A tank system having a discharger adapter for dropping fluid onto a passing vehicle, comprising:a tank, the tank having a trough portion and a fluid exit;
a support system connected with the tank for elevating the tank above a ground surface to allow a vehicle to pass beneath the tank;
a fluid supply inlet fluidly connected with the tank for receiving a fluid flow from an external fluid source and introducing fluid into the tank;
an air manifold positioned in the trough portion of the tank;
an air motor fluidly connected with the air manifold to introduce air through the air manifold and into the fluid in the tank; and
a discharge adapter attached with the tank, the discharge adapter having a discharge adapter plate with a plurality of holes formed therethrough, whereby upon receiving fluid from the external source, the fluid passes from the fluid exit of the tank and into the discharge adapter, where it passes through the holes and falls from the discharge adapter onto a passing vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,137,865

HEAT DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

1. A heat distribution system configured to melt snow proximate wheels on an automobile; the heat distribution system comprising:a heat exchanger attached to the automobile and configured to heat air flowing past the heat exchanger creating hot air;
a fan, proximate the heat exchanger, and configured to move the hot air;
a manifold, proximate the heat exchanger and configured to receive the hot air from the fan;
a first duct, a second duct, and a transverse duct, joined to the manifold; wherein the first duct further comprises:
a first duct forward portion, directly connected to a first duct outward portion;
a first duct upward portion, directly connected to the first duct outward portion;
a first duct downward portion, directly connected to the first duct upward portion;
wherein the first duct downward portion is directly connected to the first duct nozzle;
a first duct nozzle, attached to an end of the first duct proximate a first wheel on the automobile;
a second duct nozzle, attached to an end of the second duct proximate a second wheel on the automobile;
a third duct, attached to the transverse duct;
a third duct nozzle, attached to an end of the third duct proximate a third wheel on the automobile;
wherein the hot air is pushed through the manifold and out the first duct nozzle, the second duct nozzle, and the third duct nozzle melting the snow proximate the first wheel, the second wheel, and the third wheel.

US Pat. No. 10,137,864

PRIMARY PART AND SECONDARY PART OF AN END FITTING FOR A WIPER

1. A wiper assembly comprising:a wiper blade extending lengthwise along a first axis; and
an end fitting of the wiper blade consisting of a primary part configured to cooperate with a secondary part, the primary part comprising:
a recess that is able to receive the wiper blade and extends along a longitudinal axis to be aligned with the first axis of the wiper blade when the wiper blade is received by the recess; and
a zone formed laterally with respect to the longitudinal axis and receiving the secondary part of the end fitting, said zone comprising a tubular sector that protrudes from and connects at least two opposing surfaces of the primary part in a primary direction that is parallel to the longitudinal axis, the tubular sector having a circular cross section orthogonal to the primary direction,
wherein at least one blocking means, separate from the tubular sector, is provided and configured to plug a liquid channeling device that is a constituent part of a support to which the wiper blade is attached.

US Pat. No. 10,137,863

DETECTING FALSE POSITIONING SIGNALS BASED ON SURVEILLANCE SIGNALS

Honeywell International I...

1. A system, configured to mount on an ownship vehicle, the system comprising:a transceiver configured to:
receive positioning signals; and
receive surveillance signals including surveillance data from a second vehicle;
receive a first alert signal indicating that surveillance signals received by the third vehicle from the second vehicle included a discrepancy; and
processing circuitry configured to:
determine a location of the ownship vehicle based on the positioning signals received by the transceiver;
determine expected characteristics of the surveillance signals received by the transceiver from the second vehicle based on the surveillance data;
compare the expected characteristics and actual characteristics of the surveillance signals received from the second vehicle;
determine that the surveillance signals received by the transceiver from the second vehicle include a discrepancy indicative of false positioning signals in response to comparing the expected characteristics and the actual characteristics;
determine that the transceiver received the first alert signal;
determine the second vehicle received the false positioning signals in response to:
determining that the surveillance signals received by the transceiver from the second vehicle include the discrepancy; and
determining that the transceiver received the first alert signal; and
output a second alert signal indicating that the second vehicle received the false positioning signals in response to determining that the second vehicle received the false positioning signals.

US Pat. No. 10,137,862

METHOD FOR HANDLING TRANSMISSION OF FRAUDULENT FRAMES WITHIN IN-VEHICLE NETWORK

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. An anti-fraud method for use in an in-vehicle network system including a plurality of electronic control units that exchange data frames, each having added thereto a message authentication code (MAC), in an in-vehicle network, the anti-fraud method comprising:receiving a data frame transmitted to the in-vehicle network, the data frame having added thereto a MAC;
generating a first MAC by using a MAC key and a value of a counter that counts a number of times the data frame is transmitted to the in-vehicle network;
performing verification that the data frame received has added thereto the first MAC;
incrementing a number of error occurrences when the verification has failed for the data frame, the data frame including a predetermined ID; and
executing, when the number of error occurrences exceeds a predetermined threshold, a process associated in advance with the predetermined ID.

US Pat. No. 10,137,855

SAFETY BELT SYSTEM WITH SIGNAL SENDING TENSION SENSOR

Key Safety Systems, Inc.,...

1. A safety belt system having first and second lap belts that are adjustable to vary a force on each of said lap belts, an end of one of the lap belts connected to a tension sensor, the tension sensor connected to an anchor, an end of the other lap belt connected to an anchor, the anchors each being fixed to a component of a vehicle, and the tension sensor being capable of generating a signal indicating a tension sensed in the first and second lap belts and sending the signal to an electronic device, andwherein the tension sensor has a base plate integral with an anchor plate for attaching the tension sensor to any structural member of the vehicle including a floor or a base of a seat and further has a housing containing a switch mounted to a carrier, the carrier slides in the housing when a pulling force is placed on the carrier by an end of the lap belt, the end being looped about a bar and sewn to itself fixed to the carrier of the tension sensor, the housing having a switch contact and when the carrier slideably moves in the housing in response to the pulling force of the lap belt, the switch moves away from the switch contact allowing a conductor fixed to the switch in a conductive manner to send signals from the tension sensor to the electronic device.

US Pat. No. 10,137,854

HEADLINER ASSEMBLY FOR A VEHICLE AND A VEHICLE SYSTEM USING THE SAME

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A headliner assembly for a vehicle, comprising:a base panel having an edge in a length direction of the vehicle and a portion adjacent to the edge and having a plurality of notches, wherein the portion is configured such that the plurality of notches are partially overlapped with a side trim of the vehicle at an assembled position in the vehicle; and
a cover layer disposed below the base panel in a height direction of the vehicle, wherein the cover layer has an edge extending beyond the edge of the base panel.

US Pat. No. 10,137,852

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MONITORING A PASSENGER COMPARTMENT OF A VEHICLE

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A method for monitoring a vehicle passenger compartment of a vehicle, the vehicle passenger compartment including at least one RFID transponder, the method comprising:emitting a readout signal for reading out the RFID transponder;
measuring a response signal of the RFID transponder in response to the emitting to obtain a measured value; and
ascertaining a degree of obscuration that represents an obscuration of the RFID transponder using the measured value to monitor the vehicle passenger compartment,wherein in the emitting step, a transmission power for emitting the readout signal is varied at least one of: (i) as a function of a position of the RFID transponder in the vehicle passenger compartment, and (ii) as a function of damping of the readout signal and/or the response signal.

US Pat. No. 10,137,849

ARRANGEMENT FOR FACILITATING SELECTION AND ACTIVATION OF A VOICE CONTROL SYSTEM BY A VEHICLE OPERATOR

Volvo Car Corporation, G...

1. A system for facilitating selection and activation of a voice control system by a vehicle operator, the system comprising:a switch selectively switchable between a first switch position (P1) and a second switch position (P2) and arranged to emit a signal when switched between the switch positions (P1, P2);
a vehicle voice control system;
communication means; and
a processing unit arranged to interpret the signal and, based on the interpretation of the signal, perform a selection of one of the vehicle voice control system or a voice control system of an external communication device to be activated, and communicate, via the communication means, an activation signal to the voice control system selected;
wherein one of the vehicle voice control system and the voice control system of the external communication device is arranged to be activated when the switch is brought to the second switch position (P2) during less than a predefined time limit (TL), and that the other one of the vehicle voice control system and the voice control system of the external communication device is arranged to be activated when the switch is brought to the second switch position (P2) during at least the predefined time limit (TL).

US Pat. No. 10,137,848

SYSTEM IDENTIFYING A DRIVER BEFORE THEY APPROACH THE VEHICLE USING WIRELESS COMMUNICATION PROTOCOLS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:a vehicle including a processor and memory;
a departure prediction module to determine a departure probability based upon driving patterns of a driver, GPS positions data, time data, driver calendar data, and driver social media data;
a ping rate module to:
increase a transmission rate, based upon the departure probability, from a default transmission rate to an increased transmission rate at a predetermined transmission time for a predetermined transmission duration for signals to detect the driver;
select a first transmission rate for a first portion of the predetermined transmission duration and a second transmission rate that is less than the first transmission rate for a second portion of the predetermined transmission duration that occurs after and is longer than the first portion; and
adjust an amount of increase from the default transmission rate to the increased transmission rate, wherein the amount of increase is variable with respect to the GPS position data, the time data, the driver calendar data, and the driver social media data; and
a beacon module to preconfigure a driver setting before a predicted trip upon detecting that the driver is within range of the ping rate module.

US Pat. No. 10,137,846

CONNECTOR USED FOR CONNECTING VEHICLE PARTS AND A VEHICLE EMPLOYING THE SAME

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A connector used in a vehicle part, comprising:a base plate connected with the vehicle part; and
a clip housing disposed on the base plate and forming a receiving space with the vehicle part,
wherein the base plate includes a reinforcement portion, and wherein the reinforcement portion is disposed in the receiving space and contacts the vehicle part,
wherein the reinforcement portion includes a neck portion and a head portion that extend into the receiving space sequentially from a main portion of the base plate, and wherein a width of the head portion is greater than a width of the neck portion.

US Pat. No. 10,137,843

PROCESS FOR PROVIDING A CAMERA FOR MOUNTING ON A VEHICLE

MAGNA ELECTRONICS INC., ...

1. A process for providing a vehicular camera suitable for mounting and use on a vehicle, comprising:providing a front housing member;
said front housing member comprising a lens member, an imaging element and a circuit board mounted thereat;
wherein said circuit board has a plurality of front housing electrical connectors thereon, said plurality of front housing electrical connectors comprising at least a first front housing electrical connector and a second front housing electrical connector;
providing a rear housing member;
wherein said rear housing member comprises a plurality of rear housing electrical connectors comprising at least a first rear housing electrical connector and a second rear housing electrical connector;
positioning said front and rear housing members so that said first front housing electrical connector aligns with said first rear housing electrical connector and said second front housing electrical connector aligns with said second rear housing electrical connector;
joining said front and rear housing members together to define a camera interior; and
wherein, when said front and rear housing members are joined together, said plurality of front housing electrical connectors mechanically contact and electrically connect within said camera interior with said plurality of rear housing electrical connectors so that said first front housing electrical connector makes electrical connection with said first rear housing electrical connector and said second front housing electrical connector makes electrical connection with said second rear housing electrical connector.

US Pat. No. 10,137,839

UTILITY TRAY ASSEMBLY FOR MOUNTING IN A VEHICLE

Iddea California, LLC, B...

1. A utility tray assembly for mounting in the cargo area of a vehicle, in place of the pre-existing vehicle floor, the assembly comprising:a) frame assembly disposable within the vehicle cargo area, the frame assembly comprising a U-shaped frame defining a closed front end portion, an open rear end portion, a plurality of side members extending intermediate the front end portion and the rear end portion, and an upper surface;
b) a plurality of frame support members connected to the frame assembly and engageable to the vehicle, for securing the frame to the vehicle;
c) a cover disposed along the upper surface of the frame assembly, the cover defining a cover front portion fixedly engaged to the frame front end portion and a portion of the side members;
d) the cover further defining a cover rear portion extending across the frame rear end portion and a portion of the side members, the cover rear portion being hingedly engaged to the cover front portion and translatable from a first closed position wherein the cover front and rear portions define a flat cover upper surface, to a second open position wherein the cover rear portion extends upwardly from the cover front portion to facilitate access to a lower cargo area below the cover; and
e) an utility tray disposed beneath the cover, the utility tray being slidably engageable to the frame side members to translate from a first stowed position, wherein at least a portion of the tray is disposed under the cover front portion, to a second access position, wherein at least a portion of the tray extends beyond the cover front portion, to allow access to the tray.

US Pat. No. 10,137,838

CART APPARATUSES WITH OPERABLE STEPS

Cannon Equipment LLC, Ca...

1. A cart apparatus comprising:a frame defining a cavity; and
steps coupled to the frame such that the steps are movable into and between an inoperable position in which the steps are nested in the cavity and an operable position in which the steps are at least partially outside the cavity; and
wherein one of the steps and the frame has a guide pin and wherein the other of the steps and the frame defines a slot in which the guide pin is slideable, wherein the slot is configured to guide the steps into and between the inoperable position and the operable position as the guide pin slides in the slot; and
wherein the slot has an upper portion between the first end and the second end that is vertically disposed above the first end of the slot, and wherein the guide pin vertically upwardly slides through the upper portion and then vertically downwardly in the slot toward the second end as the steps are moved from the inoperable position to the operable position.

US Pat. No. 10,137,837

REARVIEW MIRROR

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A rearview mirror, comprising:a first substrate,
a second substrate cell-assembled to the first substrate,
a liquid crystal material filled between the first substrate and the second substrate, and
a control circuit,
wherein a plurality of strip electrodes are disposed on a side of the first substrate that faces to the second substrate, an interval is formed between two adjacent strip electrodes, and a planar electrode capable of at least partially reflecting light is disposed on a side of the second substrate, which side faces to the first substrate; the rearview mirror is configured to have a normal operation mode, in which the control circuit is configured to provide the plurality of strip electrodes with a same electric signal concurrently.

US Pat. No. 10,137,836

VEHICLE VISION SYSTEM

GEO SEMICONDUCTOR INC., ...

1. A vehicle vision system comprising:a plurality of Ultra Wide-Angle (UWA) lens cameras mounted on a plurality of sides of a vehicle, each camera providing a corresponding UWA feed;
at least one Head-UP-Display (HUD) comprising a Geometry and Color (GCP) processing unit, wherein the at least one HUD is configured to:
receive at least one UWA feed; and
pre-process the at least one UWA feed, by applying a plurality of geometry and color transformations to the corresponding UWA feed, in preparation for a seamless surround-view image construction;
and a central logic configured to combine the pre-processed UWA feeds provided by the corresponding at least one HUD and output a surround-view image of the vehicle;
wherein at least one of the surround-view output image, one or more of the UWA feeds, and one or more of the transformed UWA feeds are projected on a virtual surface in front of windshield of the vehicle by the at least one HUD.

US Pat. No. 10,137,835

REAR IMAGING DEVICE

MURAKAMI CORPORATION, Sh...

1. A rear imaging device attached to a mobile object, comprisingan imager for imaging an area rearward of the mobile object, and
a housing for housing the imager,
wherein a rear end portion of the housing is formed with drainer pieces extending rearwardly,
wherein a plurality of the drainer pieces are formed in a circumferential direction of the housing,
wherein tip end portions of the drainer pieces are formed narrower toward tip end points thereof, and
wherein base portions of adjacent drainer pieces are adjacent to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,137,833

VEHICLE CONTROL APPARATUS, VEHICLE DRIVING ASSISTANCE APPARATUS, MOBILE TERMINAL AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A mobile terminal, comprising:an output unit;
a wireless communication unit configured to receive at least one of object information associated with an object located adjacent to a vehicle and driving information associated with the driving of the vehicle from one or more external devices; and
a controller configured to:
detect a collision possibility between the object and the vehicle based on the driving information and the object information, and
control the output unit to output notification information regarding the collision possibility in response to the collision possibility being detected between the vehicle and the object,
wherein the output unit is configured to output the notification information in at least one manner of a visual, auditory and tactile manner, and
wherein the controller is further configured to change the output of the notification information from any one of the visual, auditory and tactile manner to another one thereof according to a degree of the collision possibility.

US Pat. No. 10,137,832

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING LIGHT

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A vehicle comprising:a cabin;
a light sensor positioned within the vehicle, wherein the light sensor is configured to send a light intensity signal;
a lamp module positioned within the vehicle, wherein the light sensor is in communication with the lamp module, wherein the lamp module is configured to trigger a darkness lighting scheme when the light intensity signal is at about a darkness set value or less, and wherein the lamp module is configured to trigger a daylight lighting scheme when the light intensity signal is greater than the darkness set value; and
a lamp positioned within the cabin, wherein the lamp is in communication with the lamp module, wherein the lamp is configured to emit a darkness spectrum when the lamp is activated and when the lamp module triggers the darkness lighting scheme, wherein the darkness spectrum has a maximum illumination wavelength that is less than about 555 nanometers, wherein the lamp is configured to emit a daylight spectrum when the lamp is activated and when the lamp module triggers the daylight lighting scheme, and wherein the maximum illumination wavelength of the daylight spectrum is different than the maximum illumination wavelength of the darkness spectrum.

US Pat. No. 10,137,831

VEHICLE SEAL ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An illuminated seal assembly comprising:a carrier that is configured to attach to a vehicle, the carrier having a first region and a second region having varied light transmissivities;
a first light source disposed on the carrier; and
a light guide operably coupled with the first light source.

US Pat. No. 10,137,830

SELF-ADJUSTING LIGHTING BASED ON VIEWING LOCATION

Lenovo (Singapore) PTE. L...

1. An apparatus comprising:an image sensor;
an occupant viewing location module that determines an illuminable region corresponding to a viewing location of a vehicle occupant based on data from the image sensor;
an occupant recognition module that:
matches the vehicle occupant with one of a plurality of stored profiles, and
identifies a seat position of the vehicle occupant, the seat position being one of a driver seat, a front passenger seat, and a rear passenger seat;
a light level module that:
determines a light level for the illuminable region based on values in the matching profile and further based on the seat position, wherein the matching profile includes different light levels for the same illuminable region associated with different seat positions of the occupant, and
identifies an illumination limit for the illuminable region, the illumination limit based on a driver of the vehicle; and
an illumination control module that adjusts an illumination setting of at least one light associated with the illuminable region based on a lesser value of the determined light level and the illumination limit, in response to the determined seat position being one of the front passenger seat and the rear passenger seat.

US Pat. No. 10,137,829

SMART DROP OFF LIGHTING SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A lighting system of a vehicle, comprising:a number of lights;
a portable electronic device carried by a vehicle occupant;
a controller in communication with a sensing system onboard the vehicle and configured to:
detect a cabin location of the electronic device, wherein the sensing system comprises a number of wireless communication transceivers and the controller is configured to detect the cabin location of the electronic device through triangulation of the signal strength and time to return of signals between the wireless communication transceivers and the electronic device;
assign a seating area to the electronic device; and
operate only the lights associated with the seating area based on information indicative of an impending departure of the vehicle occupant from the vehicle, wherein the controller operates the lights based on a seatbelt status or a door status communicated to the controller by the body control module.

US Pat. No. 10,137,827

POSITION LIGHTING DEVICE

SUZUKI MOTOR CORPORATION,...

1. A position lighting device configured to emit at least one road irradiation beam from a vehicle onto a road, thereby making the other moving object which is positioned behind the vehicle or at a side of the vehicle recognize an existence of the vehicle, the position lighting device comprising:a lighting unit configured to emit the at least one road irradiation beam onto at least a portion of areas on the road behind and at the side of the vehicle;
a distance detecting unit configured to detect a distance between the vehicle and the other moving object; and
a lighting control unit configured to control the lighting unit on the basis of the distance between the vehicle and the other moving object detected by the distance detecting unit, thereby changing a state of the at least one road irradiation beam,
wherein the distance detecting unit is configured to detect a plurality of types of a plurality of detection waves emitted from the other moving object, and on the basis of a type of at least one of the detection waves detected by the distance detecting unit, the lighting control unit changes the state of the at least one road irradiation beam.

US Pat. No. 10,137,826

PHOTOLUMINESCENT VEHICLE APPLIQUES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle applique, comprising:a decorative layer;
an over-mold positioned over the decorative layer, the over-mold being substantially transparent;
a light conversion layer positioned on an opposite side of the decorative layer from the over-mold and configured to convert ambient illumination; and
a reflective layer configured to reflect light into the light conversion layer.

US Pat. No. 10,137,825

VEHICLE LAMP ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A lamp assembly, comprising:a first light source disposed within a housing and operably coupled with a first light output window disposed on an outboard portion of the housing, the first light source configured to direct light through the first light output window and through a side window of a vehicle;
a second light source disposed within the housing and positioned substantially perpendicular to the first light source and configured to direct light through a bottom portion of the housing; and
a door ajar sensor operably coupled with the first light source, wherein emitted light is emanated from the first light output window through a window of the vehicle when the door ajar sensor detects a door is open.

US Pat. No. 10,137,823

EXTERIOR REARVIEW DEVICE WITH ILLUMINATION FUNCTIONS

1. A vehicle exterior rearview system comprising:a housing adapted for mounting to an exterior side of a vehicle, the housing holding at least one of a reflective mirror surface and a display screen for displaying to a driver an image of the area to the side and rear of the vehicle;
one or more lighting modules disposed in and directly secured to said housing and providing at least one first lighting sector for implementing a turn-signal indicator and at least one second lighting sector for implementing additional illumination to the outside or inside of a vehicle, the second lighting sector being adaptively controlled; and
a control system for receiving input data concerning one or more of: (a) vehicle status parameters from vehicle status sensors, (b) the vehicle's environment conditions from environmental sensors; and (c) a user's intentions from a user input device; and for adaptively activating the second lighting sector in response to the input data.

US Pat. No. 10,137,822

HEADLAMP FASTENING SYSTEM FOR MOTOR VEHICLES AND METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A headlamp fastening system for a vehicle comprising:a vehicle wing fastening structure;
a radiator mounting structure;
a headlamp structure; and
a 1-valued alignment element configured to align and fix the headlamp structure with at least one of the vehicle wing fastening structure and the radiator mounting structure with respect to a z-direction relative to an x-, y-, and z-direction of the vehicle, wherein the 1-valued alignment element holds the vehicle wing fastening structure, the radiator mounting structure and the headlamp structure in an alignment position, wherein the vehicle wing fastening structure, the radiator mounting structure and the headlamp structure are relatively displaceable in the x-, y-, and z-direction relative to one another and wherein the vehicle wing fastening structure, the radiator mounting structure and the headlamp structure with respect to the xy-plane such that the vehicle wing fastening structure, the radiator mounting structure and the headlamp structure remain loose relative to one another; and a fixing position, wherein, upon the 1-valued alignment element fixing the vehicle wing fastening structure, the radiator mounting structure, and the headlamp structure relative to one another with respect to the z-direction, the vehicle wing fastening structure, the radiator mounting structure and the headlamp structure simultaneously become fixed relative to one another in the x- and y-direction.

US Pat. No. 10,137,820

EXPANDABLE HABITATION UNIT

1. A support apparatus for use with an expandable habitation unit having two side modules, a rear module and a roof module, the support apparatus comprising:a main frame independent of the habitation unit, the habitation unit surrounding substantially the entire main frame, the main frame having four upper horizontal bars, four lower horizontal bars, and four vertical bars connecting corners of the upper horizontal bars and the lower horizontal bars, two of the lower horizontal bars further include two arched wheel portions for location adjacent first and second wheels;
the roof module, the rear module and the two side modules being in communication with the main frame, each of the roof module, the rear module and the two side modules being actuated for movement relative to each other so as to vary the size of the habitation unit.

US Pat. No. 10,137,817

SEED DISPENSING DEVICE AND SYSTEM

1. A seed dispensing system for delivering seed to a planter from a hopper bottom trailer, the system comprising:a main conduit that accepts the seed;
an auger within the main conduit, the auger transporting the seed through the main conduit;
a housing accepting seed from the trailer wherein the housing slidingly mounts onto the trailer;
a hopper of the trailer wherein the housing attaches to the trailer at the hopper below the trailer;
an attachment arm extending laterally outwards from the housing;
a trailer arm extending vertically below an opening in the trailer at the hopper wherein the trailer arm vertically supports the attachment arm of the housing, the attachment arm slidingly mounts above the trailer arm to secure the housing to the trailer wherein the attachment arm contacts the trailer arm below the opening;
a housing aperture of the housing that accepts seed from the trailer through the hopper;
an insertion aperture of the housing that accepts the auger, the auger transferring seed from the housing into the main conduit;
a dispensing conduit attached to the main conduit, the auger transporting the seed from the main conduit to the dispensing conduit, the seed exiting through the dispensing conduit.

US Pat. No. 10,137,813

CONTROLLING A DEVICE DEPENDENT ON THE SEAT INCLINATION

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A motor vehicle, comprising:a seat having a backrest with an adjustable backrest inclination and/or a position of the seat being adjustable in a forward driving direction of the motor vehicle as provided during operation;
an interior device;
a controllable device;
a touch-sensitive screen, disposed in or on the interior device, configured to control the controllable device, the controllable device being a further screen physically separated from the touch-sensitive screen, at least one of an inclination, curvature, and a position of the touch-sensitive screen being adjustable relative to the interior device in the forward driving direction; and
a control device configured to control the at least one of the inclination, curvature and the position of the touch-sensitive screen based on at least one of the backrest inclination of the backrest and the position of the seat in the forward driving direction.

US Pat. No. 10,137,811

VEHICLE SEAT

TOYOTA BOSHOKU KABUSHIKI ...

1. A vehicle seat comprising:a seat frame that includes a plurality of frame members joined to each other at a plurality of connection points in which a stress concentration occurs in the seat frame during a vehicle collision, the connection points being regions where joined frame members make surface contact with each other; and
a reinforcing member that is attached to at least one of the plurality of joined frame members such that the reinforcing member extends across and overlaps at least one connection point of at least one set of joined frame members of the plurality of joined frame members to disperse a stress from the stress concentration that occurs at the at least one connection point during the vehicle collision, and
the reinforcing member having a specific gravity smaller than a specific gravity of the seat frame.

US Pat. No. 10,137,810

VEHICLE SEATING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING

Lear Corporation, Southf...

1. A seating system for a vehicle, comprising:a seat cushion arrangement including a seat cushion having a seating surface; and
a positioning insert disposed below the seating surface of the seat cushion and having a first side oriented generally upward toward the seating surface of the seat cushion, and a second side oriented generally downward away from the seating surface of the seat cushion and including a plurality of first attachment features attached to a portion of the seat cushion arrangement, the first side including a back portion, a front portion, and a middle portion disposed between the front portion and the back portion, the middle portion being positioned lower than the front portion and the back portion such that the back portion inhibits rearward movement of a seated occupant beyond the back portion, and the front portion inhibits forward movement of a seated occupant, the positioning insert being located in the seat cushion such that it facilitates positioning of a seated occupant at a desired fore-aft position, and
wherein the seat cushion arrangement further includes a wireframe disposed below the seating surface and having a plurality of wireframe elements, the first attachment features being attached to at least one of the wireframe elements oriented in a first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,137,805

RECLINING BABY CAR SEAT

1. A reclining baby car seat comprising:a car seat base subassembly adapted to rest on a seat cushion of a vehicle and to securely fasten to the vehicle's lower anchors and tethers for children anchors;
a car seat passenger subassembly is slidably interconnected with the car seat base subassembly;
wherein the car seat passenger subassembly is able to move between an upright seating position and a reclining position;
wherein the car seat base subassembly comprises a car seat base, a left lower anchor strap, a right lower anchor strap, a left lower anchor connector, a right lower anchor connector, at least one gear rack, a left wheel channel, and a right wheel channel;
wherein a proximal end of the left lower anchor strap attaches securely to the left, rear section of the car seat base;
wherein a distal end of the left lower anchor strap attaches securely to the left lower anchor connector;
wherein a proximal end of the right lower anchor strap attaches securely to the right, rear section of the car seat base and a distal end of the right lower anchor strap attaches securely to the right lower anchor connector;
wherein the left lower anchor connector clips onto a vehicle left lower anchor and the right lower anchor connector clips onto a vehicle right lower anchor.

US Pat. No. 10,137,804

VEHICLE SEAT WITH A RECLINER

JOHNSON CONTROLS GMBH, B...

1. A vehicle seat comprising a seat part relative to which a backrest is arranged so as to be rotatable about a backrest rotational axis;wherein the backrest is adjusted by means of a recliner and is able to be locked in a respective position on the seat part;
wherein the recliner comprises a recliner fitting with a positive and/or non-positive connecting means in form of a toothing, which cooperates positively and/or non-positively with a drive element and/or locking element;
wherein the drive element and/or locking element is connected rotatably to the backrest;
wherein a drive element and/or locking element rotational axis is disposed at an angle to the backrest rotational axis;
wherein the vehicle seat further comprises a drive, of which a rotational movement is transmittable to the drive element and/or locking element by means of a bevel gear mechanism; and
wherein the drive element and/or locking element is a worm and is configured to mesh with the toothing of the recliner fitting during this rotation, and as a result, the drive element and/or locking element moves along an outer periphery of the recliner fitting to drive the backrest; and
wherein the worm is flattened and/or recessed at least in a partial region of its periphery such that in this region the worm is not able to cooperate non-positively and/or positively with the toothing of the recliner fitting so the backrest may be adjusted relative to the recliner fitting;
wherein the worm is mounted rotatably and longitudinally displaceable on an axle; and
wherein the vehicle seat further comprises a spring means, said spring means being compressed or released during a longitudinal movement of the worm.

US Pat. No. 10,137,803

LONGITUDINAL ADJUSTMENT MECHANISM FOR A VEHICLE SEAT

1. A longitudinal adjustment mechanism for a vehicle seat, the longitudinal adjustment mechanism comprising:at least one first seat rail;
at least one second seat rail that is displaceable relative to the first seat rail;
a spindle assigned to the first seat rail, for interacting with a gearbox that is assigned to the second seat rail;
at least one spindle holder fixing the spindle relative to the first seat rail; and
a floor connection for connecting the first seat rail to a vehicle structure, wherein:
the floor connection and the at least one spindle holder are components that are configured so as to be mutually separate; and
the at least one spindle holder has one web, two first limbs, two second limbs, and two flanges; or
the at least one spindle holder is H-shaped, wherein the at least one spindle holder has two flanges which are interconnected by means of a web.

US Pat. No. 10,137,797

BATTERY STATE OF CHARGE ESTIMATION BASED ON CURRENT PULSE DURATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a traction battery; and
a controller coupled to the traction battery to operate the traction battery according to a state of charge derived from a resistance value and, in response to a duration of current flow through the traction battery exceeding a predetermined duration, change the resistance value from a second resistance value to a first resistance value that is greater than the second resistance value to compensate the state of charge for a change in voltage drop caused by diffusion processes within the traction battery.

US Pat. No. 10,137,795

PERFORMING ACTIONS ASSOCIATED WITH A CONNECTED VEHICLE

Recargo, Inc., El Segund...

1. A method, comprising:receiving data collected by an on-board diagnostic system of a controller area network of an electric vehicle;
comparing the collected data to data previously collected from controller area networks of a group of electric vehicles having a same make and model as a make and model of the electric vehicle;
identifying a potential failure event for a battery pack of the electric vehicle when data collected from the electric vehicle matches one or more data patterns associated with known failure events at battery packs for the group of electric vehicles; and
performing an action in response to the identified potential failure event,
wherein the performed action includes generating and transmitting an alert message that identifies the potential failure event for the battery of the electric vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,137,792

VEHICLE CONTROL BASED ON LITHIUM PLATING DETECTION IN ELECTRIFIED VEHICLE BATTERY

Ford Global Technologies,...

8. A vehicle comprising:a traction battery having a plurality of cells; and
a controller in communication with the traction battery and programmed to control the traction battery responsive to detection of lithium plating in at least one cell of the plurality of cells based on a differential cell voltage of the at least one cell relative to an associated threshold, wherein the controller is further programmed to identify a lithium plated cell based on a relationship between open circuit voltage and state of charge (SOC) of the traction battery for SOC values below a threshold after discharging of the traction battery for a predetermined time to allow completion of lithium stripping.

US Pat. No. 10,137,790

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR NOISE REDUCTION IN ELECTRIFIED VEHICLE POWERTRAIN WITH MULTI-THREE-PHASE ELECTRIC DRIVE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:an electric machine configured with at least two sets of three phase windings;
a plurality of power switches configured to selectively couple voltage terminals to each of the phase windings; and
a controller programmed to operate the power switches according to a switching pattern, for each of the sets, updated at intervals defined by a switching frequency and defined so that each of the sets achieves a same reference voltage vector using switching patterns that are different during each one of the intervals.

US Pat. No. 10,137,788

POWER ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD

General Electric Company,...

1. A power electronic device, comprising:at least one inductor configured to couple to a first capacitor and a second capacitor; and
a controller configured to control a first current conducting through the inductor and a second current conducting through the inductor, wherein the first and second currents conduct in opposite directions with respect to each other, and the first and second currents interact with each other through the inductor such that a net direct current (DC) component through the inductor is approximately zero, wherein the controller is configured to cause a spectrum to be created in a fifth current associated with the second capacitor via time interleaving, such that the first current is phase shifted with respect to the third current.

US Pat. No. 10,137,787

REGENERATIVE CONTROLLER FOR ELECTRIC MOTOR, REGENERATIVE DRIVER FOR ELECTRIC MOTOR, AND POWER-ASSISTED VEHICLE

TAIYO YUDEN CO., LTD., T...

1. A regenerative controller for an electric motor that supplies driving power to a vehicle and that regeneratively charges a power storage device in the vehicle, comprising:a wheel rotation detection unit to be provided on the vehicle detecting a rotation amount of one of wheels of the vehicle;
a crank rotation detection unit to be provided on the vehicle detecting a rotation amount of a crank that is configured to be rotatable by a user so as to drive one of the wheels of the vehicle; and
a controller that calculates a first value based on the detected rotation amount of said one of the wheels, a second value based on the detected rotation amount of the crank, and a control parameter based on at least the second value among the first value and the second value, the controller determining whether to perform regeneration charging of the power storage device via the electric motor based on a relative difference between the first value and the second value, and when the regeneration charging is determined to be performed, the controller determining a regeneration amount of the electric motor in accordance with said control parameter, and controlling the electric motor such that the electric motor regeneratively charges the power storage device at the determined regeneration amount.

US Pat. No. 10,137,786

VEHICLE CONTROL DEVICE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A vehicle control device, which is to be applied to a vehicle, the vehicle comprising a regenerative braking device configured to generate electric power by a wheel rotated by an external force and to recover the generated electric power to an in-vehicle battery, to thereby apply a regenerative braking force to the wheel,the vehicle control device comprising:
position setting means configured to set, when the vehicle is predicted to decelerate based on position information of the vehicle, a position at which the deceleration is predicted to be finished as a target deceleration end position;
regeneration enhancement control means configured to carry out regeneration enhancement control, which is control of using the regenerative braking device to decelerate the vehicle so that electric energy recovered to the in-vehicle battery when an accelerator pedal is released increases during deceleration of the vehicle to which the target deceleration end position is set as compared to deceleration of the vehicle to which the target deceleration end position is not set;
tuck-in suppression control means configured to carry out tuck-in suppression control, which is control of suppressing a tuck-in by decreasing a deceleration at which the vehicle decelerates by a return operation of the accelerator pedal in a case when a tuck-in will be caused by the return operation of the accelerator pedal during a turn of the vehicle; and
prioritization means configured to prioritize the tuck-in suppression control over the regeneration enhancement control so that the tuck-in suppression control by the tuck-in suppression control means and the regeneration enhancement control by the regeneration enhancement control means are not simultaneously carried out.

US Pat. No. 10,137,785

CURRENT COLLECTOR SYSTEM HAVING TELESCOPIC ARM FOR CRANES, CONTAINER CRANES, ERTGS, AND CONVEYING DEVICES

1. A current collector system for a vehicle which can be moved in a longitudinal direction along a power rail arrangement, the current collector system including:at least one current collector trolley;
one or more current collector contacts arranged on the at least one current collector trolley and configured to be connected to power rails of the power rail arrangement;
a telescopic arm configured to be fixed to the vehicle; and
an adjustment drive comprising at least one rigid chain arrangement and at least a first rigid chain drive,
wherein the adjustment drive is configured to extend and/or retract the telescopic arm, and
wherein the telescopic arm comprises at least one telescopable telescopic stage, wherein an end of the rigid chain arrangement is connected to a most extendible telescopic stage of the at least one telescopable telescopic stage or to the current collector trolley in a fixed manner or is configured to be connected by means of a locking mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,137,782

VEHICULAR POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. A vehicular power distribution system which distributes power from a power source to a plurality of systems in a vehicle and then supplies the powers to a plurality of electric devices via predetermined wire harnesses, comprising:a first power control box which is configured to distribute the power;
a second power control box which is configured to distribute the power; and
a main connection cable which electrically connects the first power control box and the second power control box, wherein
the second power control box includes a first voltage converter which generates output power of second voltage lower than a first voltage determined in advance from input power of the first voltage, and a second voltage converter which generates output power of third voltage higher than the first voltage from the input power of the first voltage,
the first power control box supplies the power of the first voltage to the main connection cable,
the second power control box receives the power of the first voltage from the main connection cable, and generates the output power of the second and third voltages by the first and second voltage converters based on the power of first voltage, and
a number of voltage levels of power passing through the main connection cable is smaller than each of a number of voltage levels outputted from the first power control box and a number of voltage levels outputted from the second power control box.

US Pat. No. 10,137,781

INPUT DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An input device mounted on a vehicle with a display device, the input device comprising:an operation surface, on which an operation body performs an input;
a distance acquisition unit that acquires a distance between the operation surface and the operation body;
a display control unit that detects a movement of the operation body on the operation surface, and switches the display screen;
a guide unit that is arranged at a position separated from the operation surface by a predetermined distance along a direction toward the operation surface, and has a predetermined length;
a mode switching operation detection unit that detects the movement of the operation body along the guide unit; and
a mode switching unit that switches between an aerial operation prohibition mode for reflecting only the movement of the operation body, in which a distance between the operation surface and the operation body is within a predetermined distance, on a switching operation of the display screen, and an aerial operation permission mode for additionally reflecting an operation of the moving body, in which the distance between the operation surface and the operation body exceeds the predetermined distance, on the switching operation of the display screen, wherein:
the mode switching unit switches the aerial operation prohibition mode to the aerial operation permission mode when the mode switching operation detection unit detects that the operation body moves along the guide unit.

US Pat. No. 10,137,779

VEHICULAR IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE AND VEHICULAR IMAGE DISPLAY METHOD

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A vehicular image display device that controls a display of a display screen mounted at a position visible from a driver seat, comprising:a detection unit that detects a travel start of a vehicle in response to a detection of a driving load applied to a driver of the vehicle;
a setting image display unit that displays a setting image for setting a plurality of operation contents for a vehicle-mounted device, the plurality of operation contents in the setting image indicate different operations of the vehicle-mounted device which are allowed under the driving load currently applied to the driver;
an image change unit that changes the setting image of the display screen to a setting disable image indicating that the setting of the plurality of operation contents for the vehicle-mounted device is disabled and including a display of a vehicle speed when the detection unit detects the travel start of the vehicle; and
a previous notice execution unit that executes a previous notice display by continuously moving a boundary between an area in which the setting image is displayed and an area in which the setting disable image is displayed on the display screen so as to increase the area of the setting disable image, prior to a change to the setting disable image,
wherein
during a moving of the boundary between the area in which the setting image is displayed and the area in which the setting disable image is displayed,
the image change unit:
forbids a display of one or more of the plurality of operation contents which is not allowed to be operated under the driving load currently applied to the driver; and
displays remaining of the plurality of operation contents which is allowed to operate under the driving load currently applied to the driver.

US Pat. No. 10,137,777

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR VEHICLE SYSTEM CONTROL BASED ON PHYSIOLOGICAL TRAITS

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for controlling a vehicle based on a physiological trait, comprising:receiving physiological data from one or more physiological sensors, the physiological data including at least one of a blood pressure, a pulse rate, a body temperature, a respiration rate, a blood sugar and a blood alcohol level;
processing the received physiological data, by a processor, and determining, by the processor, one or more physiological conditions based on the received physiological data from the one or more physiological sensors;
processing the received physiological data, by the processor, and determining, by the processor, one or more physiological changes based on a comparison of a baseline reading of the physiological data from the one or more physiological sensors and a subsequent reading of the physiological data from the one or more physiological sensors;
based on the determined one or more physiological changes, retrieving, by the processor, a setting associated with the determined one or more physiological changes and outputting, by the processor, one or more control signals to a vehicle system to control an operation of the vehicle system based on the setting associated with the determined one or more physiological changes;
outputting, by the processor, a prompt based on the determined one or more physiological conditions;
determining, by the processor, whether the prompt has been dismissed; and
based on the determining that the prompt has not been dismissed, retrieving, by the processor, the setting associated with the determined one or more physiological conditions and outputting, by the processor, one or more control signals to a vehicle control system to operate the vehicle autonomously based on the setting associated with the determined one or more physiological conditions.

US Pat. No. 10,137,775

VEHICLE ALL-WHEEL DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a driveshaft selectively coupled to outputs of first and second axles by first and second clutches, respectively; and
a controller programmed to, in response to a command to reconnect the driveshaft to the outputs of the first and second axles, close the second clutch to transfer loads from the second axle to the driveshaft, adjust a slip speed of the first clutch to within a target range, and close the first clutch.

US Pat. No. 10,137,773

NON-LINEAR SPRING MECHANISM

Ford Global Technologis, ...

1. A refilling system of a vehicle comprising:a fluid port having an interior passage and a main opening positioned forward of the interior passage;
a sealing door pivotably coupled to the fluid port, downstream of the main opening, the sealing door angled relative to a central port axis, where the main opening is only covered by the sealing door and no additional caps; and
a spring mechanism having a fixed spring arm coupled to the fluid port and a pivotable spring arm coupled to the sealing door, the fixed spring arm rotatably coupled to the pivotable spring arm via a spring hinge.

US Pat. No. 10,137,771

CANISTER

AISAN KOGYO KABUSHIKI KAI...

1. A canister comprising:a canister case including a tank port configured to communicate with a fuel tank, a purge port configured to communicate with an intake passage of an internal combustion engine of a vehicle, and an atmospheric port opened to the atmosphere; and
an adsorbent disposed in the canister case and confiqured to adsorb and desorb fuel vapor from the tank port; wherein:
the canister case having a longitudinal axis and comprising:
a case body having a tubular peripheral wall portion extending in an axial direction and an end wall portion closing a first end of the peripheral wall portion; and
a cover having an end wall portion closing a second end of the peripheral wall portion of the case body;
two of the tank port, the purge port and the atmospheric port are positioned side-by-side on the end wall portion of the case body or the end wall portion of the cover; and
the remaining one of the tank port, the purge port and the atmospheric port, an accessory component mount portion configured to couple to an accessory component for communication with the remaining one of the tank port, the purge port and the atmospheric port, and a vehicle mount portion confiqured to be mounted to the vehicle are formed on the other of the end wall portion of the case body and the end wall portion of the cover.

US Pat. No. 10,137,770

EXHAUST DEVICE OF MOTORCYCLE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. An exhaust device for a motorcycle having a pipe section extending below an engine for guiding an exhaust gas therefrom rearwardly with respect to a vehicle body and housing a catalyzer therein, and a muffler connected to a rear end of said pipe section, comprising:an upstream oxygen sensor positioned upstream of said catalyzer and a downstream oxygen sensor positioned downstream of said catalyzer, wherein
said downstream oxygen sensor is disposed in either a position overlapping a stand device for supporting a vehicle as viewed from below the vehicle body when said stand device is stored, or a position overlapping a stand receiver for abutting against said stand device as viewed from below the vehicle body when said stand device is stored,
said pipe section includes a larger-diameter portion having an increased diameter for housing said catalyzer therein,
said larger-diameter portion is positioned below a cylinder block of said engine and in front of a crankcase of said engine,
said engine has a cylinder whose cylinder axis is inclined forwardly of the vehicle body with respect to a vertical direction,
said larger-diameter portion is disposed such that said larger-diameter portion has an axis substantially parallel to said cylinder axis,
said upstream oxygen sensor and said downstream oxygen sensor are mounted outwardly from the insides of said pipe section and said muffler in the vehicle widthwise direction,
said downstream oxygen sensor is positioned to overlap with both of a part of said stand device and said stand receiver as viewed from below the vehicle body, and
the front, rear and lower sides of said downstream oxygen sensor are covered with a plate-like member.

US Pat. No. 10,137,767

POWER TRANSMISSION UNIT FOR VEHICLE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A power transmission unit for a vehicle, comprising:a prime mover including a main prime mover, a first motor and a second motor;
a transmission that transmits torque between the main prime mover and drive wheels and between the first motor and the drive wheels;
a locking device that selectively halts a rotation of an output shaft of the main prime mover by bringing a rotary member into engagement to a stationary member;
a transmission case holding the first motor, the second motor, the transmission, and the locking device;
a first torque limiter that is disposed between the main prime mover and the locking device to restrict torque transmitted between the drive wheels and the main prime mover; and
a second torque limiter that is held in the transmission case to restrict torque transmitted between the drive wheels and the locking device.

US Pat. No. 10,137,766

RETRACTABLE TRUCK BED COVER HAVING SLAT ARRAY WITH FLEXIBLE JOINER MEMBERS AND SHIELDED SEAMS

ROLL-N-LOCK CORPORATION, ...

1. A cover for a truck bed, the cover comprising:a plurality of adjacent slats, each of the plurality of adjacent slats comprising:
a trailing edge;
a leading edge being on an opposite side of a width of the slat from the trailing edge;
an outer planar slat surface;
an inner planar slat surface;
a thickness between the outer planar surface of the slat and the inner planar surface of the slat;
a first step nib on the leading edge of the slat; and
a second step nib on the trailing edge of the slat, the second step nib configured to mate with the first step nib of an adjacent slat to form a closed joint limiting access from outside when the cover is in a closed extended position;
wherein the first step nib and the second step nip of each of the plurality of slats are located within the thickness of the slat.

US Pat. No. 10,137,765

FRONT-AND-REAR SPLIT DOORS AND ELECTRIC VEHICLE HAVING THE SAME

SHENZHEN ZHILUN DRIVING T...

1. A front-and-rear split door, used in an electric vehicle, comprising a vehicle body and a passenger compartment disposed on the vehicle body, wherein the front-and-rear split door comprises a front compartment door and a rear compartment door configured to open or close the passenger compartment, wherein the front compartment door and the rear compartment door are provided above the passenger compartment, wherein the front compartment door comprises a front cover and two front doors respectively connected to two sides of the front cover, the rear compartment door comprises a rear cover and two rear doors respectively connected to two sides of the rear cover;a front end of the front compartment door is connected to the vehicle body via a first hinge assembly, a rear end of the rear compartment door is connected to the vehicle body via a second hinge assembly; and
the electric vehicle further comprises a first turning mechanism configured to control the front compartment door to turn outwardly about the first hinge assembly and a second turning mechanism configured to control the rear compartment door to turn outwardly about the second hinge assembly, and a first linkage turning device configured to turn each of the two front doors in a linkage manner when turned with the front compartment door and a second linkage turning device configured to turn each of the two rear doors in a linkage manner when turned with the rear compartment door,
wherein the front compartment door and/or the rear compartment door is provided with an air window.

US Pat. No. 10,137,764

ELECTRO-OPTIC WINDOW CONTROL SYSTEM

GENTEX CORPORATION, Zeel...

1. A window control system comprising:a plurality of electro-optic windows each having a variable transmittance level;
a portable control unit for generating wireless control signals for controlling transmittance levels of the plurality of electro-optic windows; and
a plurality of window control circuits each coupled to a respective one of the plurality of electro-optic windows and each comprising a transceiver for receiving the wireless control signals from the portable control unit, and each configured to adjust the transmittance level of the respective one of the plurality of electro-optic windows in response to a wireless control signal received by the transceiver from the portable control unit.

US Pat. No. 10,137,762

VEHICULAR ADSORPTION TYPE AIR CONDITIONING DEVICE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A vehicular adsorption type air conditioning device comprising: a heater core and an interior heat exchanger that perform heat exchange between air inside a vehicle cabin and a heating medium; an exterior heat exchanger that performs heat exchange between air outside the vehicle cabin and the heating medium; a heating flow path section that circulates the heating medium between a heat source of the vehicle and the heater core; a plurality of adsorption vessels each including an adsorption section and an evaporation-condensation section, with an adsorbent and a refrigerant sealed within the adsorption vessels; and a flow path system that interchanges the heating medium between: the plurality of adsorption vessels and each of the heat source, the exterior heat exchanger, and the interior heat exchange, and that, while causing an adsorption process to take place in at least one of the plurality of the adsorption vessels, causes a desorption process to take place in at least one other adsorption vessel; the flow path system being capable of switching between a cooling mode in which the heating medium is circulated between the evaporation-condensation section of the at least one of the plurality of the adsorption vessels on an adsorption process side and the interior heat exchanger, a first heating mode in which the heating medium is circulated between the interior heat exchanger and the adsorption section of the at least one of the plurality of the adsorption vessels on the adsorption process side or the evaporation-condensation section of the at least one other adsorption vessel on a desorption process side, or the heating medium is circulated between the interior heat exchanger and both the adsorption section of the at least one of the plurality of the adsorption vessels on the adsorption process side and the evaporation-condensation section of the at least one of the plurality of the adsorption vessels on the adsorption process side, and a second heating mode in which the heating medium is circulated in parallel: (i) between the interior heat exchanger and the adsorption section of the at least one of the plurality of the adsorption vessels on the adsorption process side, and (ii) between the interior heat exchanger and the evaporation-condensation section of the at least one other adsorption vessel on the desorption process side.

US Pat. No. 10,137,760

PTC HEATER FOR VEHICLE

Hanon Systems, Daejeon (...

1. A positive temperature coefficient (PTC) heater for a vehicle, which is inserted and mounted in a plurality of passageways formed inside an air-conditioning case to heat air flowing in the passageways, the PTC heater comprising:a housing inserted and mounted across the passageways of the air-conditioning case; and
a core part formed by a plurality of cores respectively arranged on the passageways inside the housing,
wherein the PTC heater independently controls the cores arranged on the passageways to independently heat airs respectively flowing in the passageways,
wherein the passageways are formed with a first passageway and a second passageway which are formed inside the air-conditioning case, and wherein the cores are formed with a firs core arranged on the first passageway and a second core arranged on the second passageway,
wherein a heat protection member for preventing heat transfer between the first core and the second core is mounted between the first core and the second core,
wherein the heat protection member includes at least one bypass hole to make some of the air passing through the PTC heater bypass the first core and the second core.

US Pat. No. 10,137,758

VEHICLE AIR CONDITIONER

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A vehicle air conditioner comprising:a heat pump cycle including an inside heat exchanger performing heat exchange between a refrigerant and a blown air that is to be blown into a vehicle compartment, and a refrigerant-circuit switching device that switches between a refrigerant circuit of a cooling mode in which the blown air is cooled in the inside heat exchanger and a refrigerant circuit of a non-cooling mode in which the blown air passes through the inside heat exchanger without being cooled in the inside heat exchanger;
a blower that blows air as the blown air into the vehicle compartment through the inside heat exchanger; and
a refrigerant-circuit controller that selects the cooling mode or the non-cooling mode based on an air-conditioning load, the refrigerant-circuit controller controlling an operation of the refrigerant-circuit switching device, wherein
upon selecting the non-cooling mode, the refrigerant-circuit controller turns a cooling unallowable flag on,
only when the cooling unallowable flag is on, the refrigerant-circuit controller starts performing a cooling-mode unallowable control in which the refrigerant-circuit controller selects an air blowing mode instead of selecting the cooling mode, and
in the air blowing mode, the blower blows the blown air into the vehicle compartment while the inside heat exchanger does not perform heating or cooling of the blown air.

US Pat. No. 10,137,756

ROTARY DOOR FOR VENTILATION APPARATUS AND VENTILATION APPARATUS HAVING THE ROTARY DOOR

DENSO International Ameri...

1. A ventilation apparatus comprising:a case defining a main passage of airflow internally;
an evaporator accommodated in the main passage of the case,
a rotary door rotatably supported by the case and located on a downstream side of the evaporator in the main passage of the case, and
an auxiliary conduit connected with the case and defining auxiliary passage of airflow discharged from the main passage of the case, wherein
the rotary door includes a shaft and a deflector,
the shaft includes a tubular wall that extends along a center axis and has a tubular shape, and the tubular wall defines an inner passage therein,
the deflector extends from the shaft in a radial direction,
the shaft has (i) an end opening that is formed in at least one of axial ends of the shaft and (ii) a peripheral opening that is formed in the tubular wall,
the inner passage is in fluid communication with the both end opening and the peripheral opening, and
the peripheral opening is configured to face the evaporator to draw a portion of the airflow passing through the main passage of the case, wherein
the auxiliary passage of the auxiliary conduit is in fluid communication with the inner passage of the shaft through the end opening of the rotary door,
the peripheral opening extends in a circumferential direction in an opening angular range, and
the shaft has a first perimeter and a second perimeter, which define the opening angular range therebetween.

US Pat. No. 10,137,755

VEHICLE SEAT AIR-CONDITIONING DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A vehicle seat air-conditioning device that blows a conditioned air from a seat, the conditioned air that is supplied from an interior air-conditioning unit that performs an air conditioning for an indoor space of a vehicle compartment, the vehicle seat air-conditioning device comprising:a seat air-conditioning duct that has one end communicating with the interior air-conditioning unit and an other end arranged at a location adjacent to the seat, the seat air-conditioning duct that guides the conditioned air to the location adjacent to the seat; and
a connection duct that has one end communicating with the seat air-conditioning duct and an other end communicating with the seat and guides the conditioned air to the seat, the connection duct that is bent at a middle part of the connection duct to form a curved portion of which location varies in conjunction with a displacement of the seat, wherein
the connection duct has:
a duct body that is made of a flexible material, the duct body in which the conditioned air flows along a flow direction; and
a plurality of core members that are made of a material having a higher rigidity than the duct body and maintain a cross-sectional shape of the duct body at a specified cross-sectional shape, the plurality of core members each having a flat plate shape,
the plurality of core members are arranged in successive order, in the duct body, each along the flow direction and are parallel with the flow direction to guide the conditioned air to flow along the flow direction,
the plurality of core members respectively have:
an outer plate that is located on an outer peripheral side in the curved portion;
an inner plate that is located on an inner peripheral side in the curved portion; and
a connection plate that connects the outer plate with the inner plate, and
a length of the outer plate in the flow direction is longer than a length of the inner plate in the flow direction.

US Pat. No. 10,137,748

VEHICLE WHEEL SUSPENSION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle wheel suspension comprising:a bearing element;
a carrier, said bearing element rotatably mounted on said carrier;
a spring damper strut connected to said carrier and supported on a vehicle structure;
a transverse control arm connected to the carrier and to the vehicle structure;
a control member connected at one end to the carrier and at the other end to the transverse control arm, said control member arranged relative to the transverse control arm such that in a front view of the control member and the transverse control arm, a force application line of the control member is inclined toward a transverse control arm axis defined by a point of articulation of the transverse control arm on the vehicle structure side and a point of articulation of the transverse control arm on the carrier side, such that a point of intersection of the force application line of the control member and the transverse control arm axis in a predetermined static position is between the point of articulation of the transverse control arm on the structure side and the point of articulation of the transverse control arm on the carrier side, between the end of the control member connected to the carrier and the point of articulation of the transverse control arm on the carrier side, and not between the end of the control member connected to the control arm and the end of the control member connected to the carrier, wherein between includes the respective ends of the control member.

US Pat. No. 10,137,746

ACTUATOR

Meritor Heavy Vehicle Sys...

1. An actuator for a tire inflation system comprising:a first component having a first fluid passage; and
a second component having a second fluid passage and a sealing surface for sealing engagement with a rotatable component of a wheel assembly;
the second component being movable relative to the first component between a first position where the first fluid passage is isolated from the second fluid passage and the sealing surface is spaced from the rotatable component and a second position where the first fluid passage is in fluid communication with the second fluid passage and the sealing surface is in sealing engagement with the rotatable component, wherein the first fluid passage is isolated from the second fluid passage by virtue of engagement between the first component and the second component and wherein a protrusion of one of the first and second components engages the other of the first and second components to isolate the first fluid passage from the second fluid passage.

US Pat. No. 10,137,741

DISPLAY ASSEMBLIES AND METHODS FOR APPLYING THE SAME TO VULCANIZED RUBBER ARTICLES

1. A display assembly for attachment with a vulcanized rubber article comprising:one or more display layers of elastomeric material configured to provide a display indicia;
an intermediate layer formed from an elastomeric material that is different from that of the one or more display layers, wherein the intermediate layer is in direct contact with at least of the one or more display layers, and wherein the one or more display layers and the intermediate layer are vulcanized together before attachment with the vulcanized rubber article; and
an adhesive layer in direct contact with an underside surface of the intermediate layer opposite the one or more display layers, wherein wherein the adhesive layer is formed from a material capable forming a chemical bond with a surface of the vulcanized rubber article at ambient temperature conditions.

US Pat. No. 10,137,740

MOTORCYCLE TIRE FOR RUNNING ON ROUGH TERRAIN

SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIE...

1. A motorcycle tire for running on rough terrain comprising:a tread portion, a sidewall portion and a carcass having a toroidal profile;
the tread portion being provided with a first block pair comprising a shoulder block and a middle block arranged adjacently to each other in an axial direction of the tire through a first groove bottom having a first thinnest rubber portion, and a central block arranged axially inwardly of the middle block;
the shoulder block comprising a ground contact surface having an axially inner edge and an axially outer edge corresponding to a tread edge that locates axially outermost of the tire beyond the sidewall portion;
the middle block comprising a ground contact surface having an axially outer edge and an axially inner edge;whereinin a first tire cross-section passing the first block pair, a distance from the first thinnest rubber portion to the axially inner edge of the shoulder block is greater than a distance from the first thinnest rubber portion to the axially outer edge of the middle block; and
the axially inner edge of the middle block protrudes radially outwardly beyond an imaginary tread profile that passes an intersecting point of a ground contact surface of the central block, and a tire equator and extends along the toroidal profile of the carcass.

US Pat. No. 10,137,739

PNEUMATIC TIRE

BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION, ...

1. A pneumatic tire with a tread, the tread comprising:a plurality of circumferential direction main grooves extending along a tire circumferential direction;
a plurality of land portion rows that are partitioned by the circumferential direction main grooves and that are formed with sipes;
lug grooves that partition each land portion row into a plurality of land portions in a row along the tire circumferential direction;
first auxiliary grooves formed on one groove width direction side of the lug grooves, the first auxiliary grooves opening onto the lug grooves and terminating inside the land portions; and
second auxiliary grooves formed on the other groove width direction side of the lug grooves, the second auxiliary grooves opening onto the lug grooves so as to face opening portions of the first auxiliary grooves that open onto the lug grooves, and terminating inside the land portions, and
terminal portions of the second auxiliary grooves being connected to the circumferential direction main grooves through fine grooves of which groove width is wider than that of the sipes,
wherein the terminal portions of the second auxiliary grooves bend toward a tire edge from an extending direction of the second auxiliary grooves, and
the fine grooves are formed on an extension of a bending direction of the terminal portions of the second auxiliary grooves.

US Pat. No. 10,137,734

RUBBER COMPOSITION COMPRISING A 1,3-DIPOLAR COMPOUND ADDITIVE BEARING AN IMIDAZOLE FUNCTIONAL GROUP

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A rubber composition based on:at least one diene elastomer;
a reinforcing filler; and
a 1,3-dipolar compound of formula (I):
Q-A-B  (I)
wherein Q comprises a dipole containing at least one nitrogen atom,
wherein A is an atom or a group of atoms connecting Q to B,
wherein B comprises a ring of formula (II):

 and
wherein three of the four symbols Z, Y, R and R?, which are identical or different, each represent an atom or a group of atoms, it being possible for Z and Y to form, together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached, a ring, and the fourth symbol Z, Y, R or R? denotes a direct attachment to A.

US Pat. No. 10,137,732

UNIVERSAL WHEEL ASSEMBLY AND SUITCASE

Xiaomi Inc., Beijing (CN...

1. A suitcase, comprising:a case body; and
at least one universal wheel assembly, wherein the at least one universal wheel assembly comprises:
a base structure comprising an upper base and a lower base which form a cavity therebetween;
a wheel ball locked in the cavity in a manner such that the wheel ball is capable of rolling in all directions, wherein a bottom of the lower base is provided with an opening enabling a part of the wheel ball to protrude out of a lower end face of the lower base to form an exposed rolling spherical surface, and an inner diameter of the opening is smaller than a diameter of the wheel ball;
at least three rollers rollably arranged between an inner wall of the upper base and a surface of the wheel ball; and
an elastic gasket arranged between the inner wall of the upper base and the surface of the wheel ball, wherein the elastic gasket includes roller mounting bases uniformly distributed on a bottom of the elastic gasket in a circumferential direction in one-to-one correspondence with the at least three rollers, and wherein the roller mounting bases include recessed portions matching shapes of the at least three rollers;
wherein the elastic gasket is arranged to absorb vibration that occurs during a rolling process of the rollers and the wheel ball, and press the rollers with a suitable force to keep the rollers and the wheel ball in constant contact without affecting normal rolling between the rollers and the wheel ball.

US Pat. No. 10,137,731

WHEEL PAD

1. A wheel pad for moving an object across a surface, said wheel pad comprising:a contact pad having an outer skin defining an upper surface, a lower surface and a pad chamber disposed therebetween in which is enclosed a fluid and a torus bearing, said torus bearing having a plurality of adjacent bearings, each of said adjacent bearing being rotatably joined by a separator structured and arranged to allow each of said bearings to independently rotate in said pad chamber, said contact pad defining a lower end of said wheel pad;
a load bearing assembly comprising a load transfer mechanism and a load transfer device, said load transfer mechanism having a plurality of recirculating bearings moveably disposed in a ball chamber, said load transfer device structured and arranged to move independent of said load transfer mechanism while transferring the weight of the object from at or near an upper end of said wheel pad to said upper surface of said contact pad;
a housing positioned above said upper surface of said contact pad, said housing structured and arranged to enclose said load bearing assembly; and
a clamping assembly having a plurality of clamping members that secure said contact pad to said housing,
wherein said fluid and said torus bearing in said contact pad will transfer the weight of the object from said upper surface of said contact pad to said lower surface of said contact pad so as to distribute the weight of the object substantially evenly across said lower surface of said contact pad to provide omnidirectional movement for said wheel pad across the surface as a result of lateral forces applied to said load bearing assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,137,724

METHOD FOR ASSEMBLING A SINGLE-DETENT BINDER

1. A method for assembling a single-detent binder comprising:a) assembling ring shaped components and first and second baseplates to a housing, wherein the first and second baseplates are longitudinally adjacent and parallelly arranged and connected to each other, wherein the first and second baseplates comprises adjacent longitudinal edges and non-adjacent longitudinal edges, wherein the first and second baseplates are so assembled as to pivot around the adjacent longitudinal edges in order to open or close the ring shaped components, wherein the ring shaped components each comprise two half ring shaped elements, the half ring shaped elements each are fixed on the first and second baseplates and pass through the housing, the half ring shaped elements occlude to form a closed ring, and the half ring shaped elements disjoin to form an opened ring;
b) assembling the control component to the housing;
c) rotatively connecting at least one rotary locking piece to a pull rod;
d) subsequent to rotatively connecting the at least one rotary locking piece to the pull rod, rotatively connecting the at least one rotary locking piece to at least one of the first and second baseplates; and
e) operatively connecting the pull rod to the control component, wherein the control component comprises a handle, which enables the control component to rotate relative to the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,137,723

GREETING CARD HAVING COMPRESSED OBJECT THEREIN AND METHOD OF SELECTIVELY CONTROLLING DEFORMATION THEREOF

Hallmark Cards, Incorpora...

1. A greeting card having a gift item of a temporarily reduced size, the greeting card comprising:a greeting card body having at least a front panel and a rear panel;
a transparent and flexible pouch coupled to the card body, wherein the transparent and flexible pouch is sealed under vacuum-pressure;
a plush item received in the transparent and flexible pouch and in a compressed state from the vacuum-pressure, the plush having a front surface and a rear surface; and
a transparent insert received in the transparent and flexible pouch, wherein the transparent insert is more rigid than the transparent and flexible pouch;
wherein the transparent insert comprises a front surface and a back surface, wherein a portion of the insert is positioned between the front surface of the plush item and a portion of the transparent and flexible pouch, wherein the front surface of the plush item is pressed up against the back surface of the transparent insert by the vacuum-pressure, and wherein the transparent insert minimizes deformation of the front surface of the plush item adjacent the back surface of the insert.

US Pat. No. 10,137,722

CREASE STICKY NOTE

Miccudo Multimedia Co., L...

1. A crease sticky note, comprising:a sticky body, having an adhesion portion and a flexible portion disposed adjacent to the adhesion portion, the flexible portion including a front side and a back side;
an adhesive layer, disposed on the adhesion portion; and
at least one crease, disposed on the adhesion portion, or between the adhesion portion and the flexible portion, or on a stress hinders area of the flexible portion which is near the adhesion portion,
wherein the at least one crease is formed by a perforation cutter, and
wherein the flexible portion has a writable area including both of the front and back sides of the flexible portion.

US Pat. No. 10,137,721

ILLUMINATED ASSEMBLY

1. An illuminated assembly comprising:a panel;
at least one sheet movably coupled to said panel, said sheet capable of overlaying engagement with said panel;
wherein said sheet comprises:
a sheet front surface opposite a sheet back surface; and
at least one light transmission portion disposed within said sheet, said light transmission portion communicating between said sheet front and back surfaces;
wherein said light transmission portion comprises an aperture element defining an aperture element opening communicating between said sheet front and back surfaces; and
a light source operatively coupled to said panel;
wherein said light source in an activated condition provides light to said panel; and
wherein said light is transmitted from said panel through said light transmission portion such that said light is viewable by a viewer of said sheet front surface.

US Pat. No. 10,137,719

BOOK BINDING APPARATUS

HORIZON INTERNATIONAL INC...

1. A book binding apparatus comprising:one or more clampers movable along a predetermined path while gripping a book block in a standing state, each of the clampers including a pair of clamp plates movable between an open position in which the pair of clamp plates receives the book block therebetween and a closed position in which the pair of clamp plates grips the book block therebetween;
a series of processing units arranged along the path to carry out perfect binding; and
a book block supplying unit arranged at a book block supply position upstream of the series of processing units on the path to supply the book block to the pair of clamp plates of the clamper, wherein
when the clamper is arranged at the book block supply position, the book block is supplied from the book block supplying unit to a gap between the pair of clamp plates which takes the open position, and the pair of clamp plates takes the closed position, thereafter,
the book block is bounded while the clamper leaving the book block supply position and passing through the series of processing units, and
the book block supplying unit is arranged at one side of the book block supply position in a direction of the path, and includes a book block conveying surface extending at a right angle to and obliquely downward toward the pair of clamp plates at the book block supply position, the book block being conveyed to the pair of clamp plates on the book block conveying surface with a spine in the head thereof, wherein
the clamper includes:
a guide plate attached to a top end of one of the pair of clamp plates so as to be rotatable around a horizontal pivot extending at a right angle to a direction of conveying the book block by the book block conveying unit, the one of the pair of clamp plates being nearest to the book block supplying unit at the book block supply position, the guide plate being movable between a standing position in which the guide plate upwardly extends from and along the associated clamp plate and a tilted position in which the guide plate tilts outward from the standing position; and
a spring arranged between the guide plate and pivot to constantly bias the guide plate toward the standing position, wherein
the book binding apparatus comprises a guide plate drive mechanism arranged independently of or at the clamper to rotate the guide plate of the clamp plate from the standing position to the tilted position against the biasing force of the spring in such a manner that the guide plate is connected to the book block conveying surface when the pair of clamp plates takes the open position at the book block supply position.

US Pat. No. 10,137,718

METHOD FOR PRODUCING PRINTED PRODUCTS WITH INTEGRATED COVER

HUNKELER AG, Wikon (CH)

1. A method for producing printed products, in particular softcover books, with integrated cover, wherein the method comprises at least the following steps:(a) printing of a paper web or individually supplied paper sheets, preferably by means of digital printing;
(b) optional application of an adhesive to the paper web or the paper sheets;
(c) single or multiple folding and cutting of the paper web to form signatures or else single or multiple folding of the paper sheets to form signatures;
(d) optional application of an adhesive to the signatures signatures;
(e) stacking of the signatures to form a signature stack with at least one top and one bottom signature;
(f) folding open the top sheet of the top signature or else the bottom sheet of the bottom signature and applying an adhesive layer in at least the area of the folded-open sheet, which is intended to comprise at least the spine and/or an area of the signature stack adjacent to the spine;
(g) turning over the sheet folded open and provided with the adhesive layer around the spine of the signature stack, so that the cover for the printed product is formed; and
(h) optional pressing of the cover.

US Pat. No. 10,137,715

PRINTING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DEFECT DETECTION IN A PRINTING SYSTEM

1. A printing system comprising an apparatus for defect detection in a printing system, the printing system comprising:an image forming device;
a sensing unit comprising at least one first sensor device for sensing a surface geometry or topology of a sheet to be printed as the sheet travels on a transport path of the printing system and for generating data representative of that surface geometry or topology;
a processor device for processing the data from the first sensor device to detect and classify deformations in the surface geometry or topology of the sheet; and
a controller for controlling further progress of the sheet along the transport path of the printing system in dependence upon the deformations in the surface geometry or topology of the sheet detected and classified by the processor device,
wherein the controller determines operating conditions in the sensing unit, and
wherein the controller adjusts the operating conditions in the sensing unit to be similar to the operating conditions in the image forming device.

US Pat. No. 10,137,711

IMAGE FORMING SYSTEM INCLUDING PLURALITY OF SHEET FEEDERS AND METHOD THEREFOR HAVING SWITCHING CONTROL FEATURES

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. An image forming system, comprising:a communication interface;
a standard sheet feeder configured to pick up sheet on a standard tray;
an auxiliary sheet feeder configured to pick up sheet on a second tray;
a motor configured to selectively apply a drive force to one of the standard and auxiliary sheet feeders;
a transmission assembly configured to switch transmission of the drive force selectively to the one of the standard and auxiliary sheet feeders, by switching a connection between the motor and the one of the standard and auxiliary sheet feeders;
an image forming device including a recording head; and
a controller configured to:
receive preceding data in a first transmission from the communication interface, wherein the preceding data includes data instructing preparation for printing and includes data advising that print job data will be subsequently transmitted, the subsequent transmission comprising control data;
after completing receipt of the first transmission, determine whether the sheet is present or absent in the standard and the auxiliary trays, and, based on determining that the sheet is absent in the standard tray and the sheet is present in the auxiliary tray, control the transmission assembly to initiate switching of the transmission of the drive force to the auxiliary sheet feeder; and
after completing receipt of the first transmission, receive the control data in a second transmission from the communication interface and control the image forming device to form an image on picked-up sheet based on the control data.

US Pat. No. 10,137,710

PRINTER AND CONTROL METHOD

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A printer which transports a sheet of paper from a paper tray inserted in the printer to perform printing, the printer comprising:an insertion/removal sensing unit configured to sense insertion and removal of the paper tray;
a transport failure sensing unit configured to sense a transport failure of the sheet of paper; and
a print control unit configured to, in response to the transport failure sensing unit sensing the transport failure during a current transport of the sheet of paper, determine whether the current transport of the sheet of paper is a first transport that is performed directly after the insertion/removal sensing unit sensing the insertion of the paper tray,
the print control unit being further configured to, in response to determining that the current transport of the sheet of paper is the first transport, issue a notification for prompting a user to perform an operation relating to the paper tray.

US Pat. No. 10,137,709

RECORDING DEVICE AND MEDIUM FEEDING METHOD FOR RECORDING DEVICE

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A recording device comprising:a feeding portion which feeds a medium;
a medium support comprising a first support portion and a second support portion, the feeding portion being upstream of the first and second support portions,
a control portion which controls the feeding portion;
a groove which is provided on a downstream side of the first support portion and the upstream side of the second support portion in a feeding path of the medium; and
a cutter that is used for cutting the medium at the position of the groove,
wherein the control portion controls the feeding portion so that the feeding portion feeds a leading edge of the cut medium to an upstream side before feeding the leading edge of the medium to the downstream side of the groove, after the medium is cut at a position of the groove;
wherein the control portion controls the feeding portion so that a trailing end of the recorded portion of the medium reaches a standby position which is different from the position in which the groove is provided in the feeding path at the end of a recording job, and
wherein the control portion determines whether or not the medium is to be cut at the position of the groove and then determines whether or not the medium is fed by the feeding portion during the standby state between the recording jobs.

US Pat. No. 10,137,708

PRINTING DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD OF A PRINTING DEVICE

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A printing device comprising:a print mechanism that prints images on roll paper stored in the printing device;
a cutter disposed downstream in a conveyance direction from the print mechanism and configured to cut the roll paper while leaving an uncut portion;
a communicator that receives receipt production control commands, said receipt production control commands instructing issuing a receipt printed with information including transaction information by the print mechanism; and cutting of the roll paper by the cutter;
a conveyance mechanism that conveys the roll paper in the conveyance direction or a reverse direction that is opposite to the conveyance direction; and
a controller that executes a reversing process that conveys the roll paper in the reverse direction by the conveyance mechanism if the receipt is separated from the roll paper at the uncut portion after the roll paper is cut by the cutter, and does not execute the reversing process in a specific situation when the receipt remains partially connected to the roll paper through the uncut portion.

US Pat. No. 10,137,706

RECORDING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A recording apparatus comprising:a recording head that includes a nozzle row which is provided with a plurality of liquid discharging nozzles discharging liquid to a medium along a medium transporting direction, and executes recording as one pass by discharging the liquid from the liquid discharging nozzles in accordance with movement in a scanning direction intersecting the medium transporting direction;
a transporting unit that transports the medium to a recording position which is a position facing the nozzle row; and
a controller that is capable of acquiring information relating to a length of the medium in the medium transporting direction, and controls the recording head and the transporting unit,
wherein the controller determines the liquid discharging nozzle being used for a recording operation as one pass in the beginning in accordance with the acquired length of the medium in the medium transporting direction, and executes a heading operation feeding the medium to a position facing the determined liquid discharging nozzle.

US Pat. No. 10,137,704

EDGE HOLDERS

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. An edge holder, comprising:a strap;
a first end cap attached to a first end of the strap;
a second end cap attached to a second end of the strap, opposite the first end; and
a cam rotatably engaged with the second end cap to adjustably tension the strap between the first end cap and the second end cap.

US Pat. No. 10,137,703

INKJET PRINTING APPARATUS

MIMAKI ENGINEERING CO., L...

1. An inkjet printing apparatus configured to perform a printing operation in a plurality of passes on a recording medium, the inkjet printing apparatus comprising:a head that reciprocates in a main scanning direction while discharging an ink curable by being irradiated with light, from a plurality of nozzles onto the recording medium; and
an irradiator having a plurality of irradiation elements that are configured to irradiate the ink discharged from the head with light, and are mounted on one substrate,
wherein the plurality of irradiation elements are LEDs and arranged in a sub scanning direction orthogonal to the main scanning direction, and
an array pitch of the plurality of irradiation elements is n/m (m?1), where n is a pass width of one of the plurality of passes in the printing operation using a minimum pass number performed by the inkjet printing apparatus,
wherein the irradiation elements are equally arranged in each of the plurality of passes, and
wherein the inkjet printing apparatus does not include a partition wall positioned between the irradiation elements.

US Pat. No. 10,137,702

TREATMENT LIQUID APPLICATOR AND PRINTER INCLUDING SAME

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A treatment liquid applicator comprising:a storage container to store a treatment liquid;
a squeeze roller partially immersed in the treatment liquid in the storage container;
a coating roller disposed opposite the squeeze roller; and
an outlet disposed at the storage container,
the outlet including an outlet opening through which the treatment liquid flows from the storage container to an outside of the storage container,
the outlet extending from an inner wall surface of the storage container,
wherein the squeeze roller supplies the treatment liquid to the coating roller, to form a film of the treatment liquid on the coating roller.

US Pat. No. 10,137,701

DUPLEX PRINTING SYSTEM FOR CUT SHEETS AND A METHOD THEREFORE

1. A printing system for cut sheets, the printing system comprising a control unit for controlling the printing of image data on a plurality of sheets comprising at least one speciality sheet intended to be one-sided printed and at least one duplex sheet intended to be two-sided printed, and for scheduling the plurality of sheets in a printing order, a paper path comprising a duplex printing loop, a first turn station arranged in the duplex printing loop for turning a sheet of the plurality if both sides of the sheet are scheduled to be printed in two passes along a print engine arranged in the duplex printing loop and configured to dispose marking material on the sheets according to the image data on one side per pass,wherein
the speciality sheet has predetermined unexchangeable opposite edges,
the control unit comprises a scheduler to schedule a sheet for a first pass along the print engine and for a second pass along the print engine by using the duplex printing loop and a logic module to determine whether or not the sheet is a speciality sheet,
the printing system comprises a second turn station arranged in the paper path of the printing system near an inlet of the output section for turning the sheet before laying the sheet off in an output holder of the output section when activated,
and the control unit is configured,
for a sheet determined not to be a speciality sheet by means of the logic module,
to activate the first turn station to turn the sheet after the first pass and before the second pass of the sheet along the print engine, and,
for a sheet determined to be a speciality sheet by means of the logic module,
to deactivate the first turn station as to behave as a pass-through for the sheet after the first pass and before the second pass of the sheet along the print engine.

US Pat. No. 10,137,697

LIQUID SUPPLY DEVICE, LIQUID EJECTION DEVICE, AND CONTROL METHOD FOR PUMP

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A liquid supply device comprising:a force sensor which outputs an output value corresponding to a force of expansion of a detection target site of a blockage detection tube communicating with a liquid ejection unit for ejecting a liquid;
a pump for sending out a liquid in the blockage detection tube toward the liquid ejection unit; and
a control unit which stops an operation of the pump when the output value reaches a threshold,
wherein the control unit decides the threshold, using, as a reference value, the output value acquired when a predetermined condition is satisfied including that the detection target site is filled with the liquid and that the pump is stopped.

US Pat. No. 10,137,696

INKJET RECORDING APPARATUS WITH TANK INCLUDING NOTIFICATION FEATURES

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. An inkjet recording apparatus comprising:a tank forming an ink chamber and including an injection inlet;
a cover movable between a covered position in which the injection inlet is covered and an exposed position in which the injection inlet is exposed;
a cover sensor positioned to sense a movement of the cover;
a recording head configured to discharge ink from the ink chamber; and
a controller configured to control operation of the recording head,
wherein the controller is configured to:
decide whether complement of ink injection into the ink chamber is a first time or a second time;
count an amount of ink discharged from the recording head;
based on decision that the complement of the ink injection into the ink chamber is the first time and based on the counted amount of discharged ink being greater than or equal to a first threshold value, wait until the controller receives one positional signal outputted from the cover sensor in response to the cover being positioned in the exposed position; and
based on decision that the complement of the ink injection into the ink chamber is the second time and based on the counted amount of discharged ink being greater than or equal to a second threshold greater than the first threshold value, wait until the controller receives the one positional signal outputted from the cover sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,137,695

PRINTHEAD PRIMING

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A system, comprising:a conduit coupled to a printhead, where the conduit includes an inlet and an outlet; and
a divider that divides a pressurized gas flowing through the conduit such that a predetermined portion of a total volumetric flow rate of the pressurized gas is provided to an environment surrounding the divider and a remaining portion of the pressurized gas in the conduit is provided via the outlet of the conduit to the printhead at a predetermined pressure sufficient to prime an ink supply of the printhead.

US Pat. No. 10,137,693

PRINTING ASSEMBLY

1. A printing assembly (200), wherein the printing assembly (200) has at least one frame (283) having at least two side walls (271), and wherein the printing assembly (200) has at least one crossbar (272), which extends between the side walls (271) at least in a transverse direction (A), and wherein the printing assembly (200) has at least one supporting body (616) that is movable relative to the frame (283) in at least one throw-off direction (C), said supporting body extending between the side walls (271) at least in the transverse direction (A), and extending in the transverse direction (A) over at least 75% of the working width of the at least one printing assembly (200), characterized in that at least two print heads (221) are located on the at least one supporting body (616) and are movable together with the at least one supporting body (616), and in that at least one first contact point (617) located on the at least one supporting body (616) and at least one second contact point (618) located on the at least one crossbar (272) form at least one first pair of contact points (619), which lie opposite one another in the throw-off direction (C) and which are in contact and/or can be brought into contact with one another, and in that the at least one first pair of contact points (619) are located spaced from each side wall (271) in the transverse direction (A) by a respective distance that corresponds to at least 20% of the working width of the printing assembly (200), and in that at least one third contact point (621) located on the at least one supporting body (616) and at least one fourth contact point (622) located on the at least one crossbar (272) form at least one second pair of contact points (623), which are at least temporarily opposite one another, including at least in a supporting direction that is orthogonal to the throw-off direction (C) and orthogonal to the transverse direction (A), and which are in contact and/or can be brought into contact with one another.

US Pat. No. 10,137,692

WATER-BASED CLEANING LIQUID FOR INKJET RECORDING APPARATUS USE AND CLEANING METHOD

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A water-based cleaning liquid for inkjet recording apparatus use comprising:at least 0.10% by mass and no greater than 10.00% by mass of a nonionic surfactant;
at least 0.50% by mass and no greater than 30.00% by mass of a deliquescent agent; and
a pH adjuster, wherein
the nonionic surfactant contains polyoxyalkylene alkylamine,
the deliquescent agent includes at least one of sorbitol, trimethylolpropane, and 1,3-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)-5,5-dimethylhydantoin,
the pH adjuster includes an alkali metal salt,
the water-based cleaning liquid for inkjet recording apparatus use has a pH of at least 7.5 and no greater than 8.5, and
wherein the polyoxyalkylene alkylamine has a structure represented by the following formula (1-1),

where in the formula (1-1), R1 represents a hydrocarbon group having a carbon number of at least 8 and no greater than 24, A1O and A2O each represent, independently of one another, at least one of an oxyethylene group and an oxypropylene group, and m1 and n1 each represent a number that is greater than 0 and that satisfies 0.5?(m1+n1)?100.

US Pat. No. 10,137,691

PRINTHEAD MAINTENANCE STATION AND METHOD OF OPERATING SAME

1. A printhead maintenance station for cleaning a nozzle plate of a print unit that is movable parallel to a first axis and a second axis, comprising:a wiper bar having a wiper secured thereto;
a wiper cleaning assembly associated with the wiper, wherein the wiper is movable from a stored position in which the wiper is stored in the wiper cleaning assembly and a wiping position spaced apart from the stored position;
an actuator; and
a controller adapted to move a print medium, the printhead maintenance station, and the print unit parallel to the first axis;
wherein the printhead maintenance station is adapted to remain stationary when the print unit moves parallel to the second axis and, when not in use, the wiper is disposed at the stored position, and wherein during a maintenance cycle, the controller is adapted to operate the actuator to move the wiper bar to move the wiper from the stored position to the wiping position, and cause relative movement of the printhead maintenance station and the print unit to wipe the nozzle plate with the wiper.

US Pat. No. 10,137,690

INK JET RECORDING APPARATUS AND INK JET RECORDING METHOD

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An ink jet recording apparatus comprising:an image forming unit configured to form an ink image by a first liquid and a coloring material on an ink receiving medium;
a liquid absorbing member including a porous body formed into a belt shape having a first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface, wherein the first surface is configured to come into contact with the ink image and to absorb at least some of the first liquid from the ink image;
a compression member configured to come into contact with the second surface of the porous body in order to compress the second surface for extruding the first liquid from the first surface; and
a liquid collecting member configured to collect the first liquid extruded from the first surface by the compression member.

US Pat. No. 10,137,689

LIQUID EJECTING DEVICE

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. A liquid ejecting device comprising:a frame;
a liquid ejecting head having an ejection surface that is formed with ejection ports for ejecting liquid, the liquid ejecting head being elongated in a first direction;
a supporting section disposed in confrontation with the ejection surface and configured to support a recording medium;
a first-tank mount section on which a first tank storing liquid is configured to be mounted such that liquid in the first tank mounted on the first-tank mount section is conveyed to the liquid ejecting head;
a receiving section configured to receive liquid ejected from the liquid ejecting head;
a waste-liquid tank configured to store liquid received by the receiving section;
a medium feed tray configured to accommodate the recording medium;
a discharge section configured to receive the recording medium on which an image has been formed by the liquid ejecting head;
a conveying mechanism configured to convey the recording medium from the medium feed tray to the discharge section through the supporting section;
a liquid conveying section configured to convey liquid in the first tank mounted on the first-tank mount section to the liquid ejecting head; and
a controller,
wherein the medium feed tray is located below the supporting section;
wherein each of the discharge section and the first-tank mount section is located at a higher position than the liquid ejecting head;
wherein the discharge section is located directly above the liquid ejecting head, and the first-tank mount section is located at a position shifted in a horizontal direction from a position directly above the liquid ejecting head;
wherein the first tank and the supporting section are located to overlap each other with respect to the first direction in a state where the first tank is mounted on the first-tank mount section;
wherein the supporting section has a pivotal end and a free end opposite the pivotal end, the supporting section being configured to pivotally move about the pivotal end;
wherein the controller is configured to control the supporting section to move from a confronting position confronting the ejection surface to a retracted position by moving the free end in a direction away from the ejection surface, allowing the receiving section to receive liquid ejected from the liquid ejecting head; and
wherein the receiving section is disposed at a position in confrontation with the ejection surface when the supporting section is at the retracted position.

US Pat. No. 10,137,688

INKJET PRINTING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE INKJET PRINTING APPARATUS

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. An inkjet printing apparatus comprising:a scanner;
an inkjet head; and
a controller configured to:
receive a copy instruction including an operation mode information;
cause the scanner to read an image formed on an original based on the operation mode information in response to reception of the copy instruction;
generate image data representing the read image;
determine a standby period based on the operation mode information;
execute a pre-print process in response to an elapse of the determined standby period from the reception of the copy instruction; and
cause the inkjet head to eject ink droplets to print an image based on the image data after completion of the pre-print process.

US Pat. No. 10,137,686

INK JET HEAD AND INK JET APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

TOSHIBA TEC KABUSHIKI KAI...

1. An ink jet head, comprising:a pressure chamber connected to a nozzle;
an actuator configured to cause liquid in the pressure chamber to be ejected from the nozzle by deforming a wall of the pressure chamber, wherein the nozzle is disposed through the actuator; and
a drive circuit configured to apply voltage to the actuator to drive the actuator, wherein
when a droplet of the liquid is ejected from the nozzle, the voltage applied to the actuator is changed from a first value to a second value that causes the pressure chamber to expand, and then changed from a third value that is equal to the second value, or between the first value and the second value, to the first value after a time period ?, which is a primary natural oscillation period of the actuator when the pressure chamber and the nozzle are filled with the liquid.

US Pat. No. 10,137,685

LIQUID DISCHARGE HEAD AND LIQUID DISCHARGE APPARATUS HAVING COVER MEMBER WITH ENHANCED RIGIDITY

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A liquid discharge head comprising:a recording element substrate having a discharge port forming face in which a plurality of discharge ports which form at least one row and which discharge a liquid are formed; and
a cover member which has a longitudinal shape in a first direction and which covers a part of the discharge port forming face,
wherein the cover member comprises:
two end regions being located at two ends in the first direction, and
two beam portions which extend in the first direction and connect the two end regions together and which, together with the two end regions, form a single opening that exposes the plurality of discharge ports, and
wherein when a width of the opening in a second direction that is orthogonal to the first direction is denoted as a [mm], a minimum length in the first direction of the end regions is denoted as c [mm], a modulus of longitudinal elasticity of the cover member is denoted as E [GPa], and a thickness of the cover member is denoted as t [mm], the following expression is established:

US Pat. No. 10,137,684

IMAGE RECORDING APPARATUS

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. An image recording apparatus, comprising:a timer;
a power generator configured to receive electrical power from a power supply, and supply the electrical power to the timer as driving electrical power;
a memory; and
a controller,
wherein the memory storing a time length parameter representing a ratio of an energized time length when the timer is in an energized state where the timer is receiving the driving electrical power from the power generator to a fundamental cycle time length which is a time length parameter used for estimation of a non-energized time length when the timer is in an non-energized state where the timer is not receiving the driving electrical power from the power generator and is based on a cyclic nature of a calendar,
the controller being configured to execute:
a storing process of calculating the energized time length during which the timer is in the energized state after a particular calculation start point based on a time measured by the timer and storing the energized time length as calculated;
a determining process of determining whether there exists the non-energized state after the calculation start point;
an estimation process of estimating the non-energized time length, referring to the energized time length and the time length parameter stored in the memory when it is determined in the determining process that there exists the non-energized state after the calculation start point; and
a lapse time length calculation process of calculating a lapse time length elapsed from the calculation start point based on the non-energized time length estimated in the estimation process and the energized time length stored in the memory.

US Pat. No. 10,137,681

IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS GENERATING PRINT DATA INCLUDING DOT FORMATION STATES FOR RESPECTIVE PIXELS BY USING IMAGE DATA

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. An image processing apparatus comprising a controller configured to perform:acquiring target image data;
generating print data using the target image data, the print data representing dot formation states for respective pixels in a printing area, the printing area including an edge printing area and an interior printing area inside the edge printing area, the edge printing area including an outer area outside a recording sheet; and
supplying the print data to a print execution machine, the print execution machine including a plurality of nozzles configured to eject ink droplets; a pressure applying section configured to apply pressure to ink to eject the ink droplets; and a drive section configured to supply a pulse signal to drive the pressure applying section,
wherein the generating print data comprises determining a dot type from a plurality of dot types including a first type dot and second type dot, each of the dot formation states being classified into one of the plurality of dot types,
wherein the first type dot is formed by a first process, the first process being for supplying the pressure applying section with a first drive pulse signal and an additional pulse signal subsequent to the first drive pulse signal, the first drive pulse signal being used to control one of the plurality of nozzles to eject an ink droplet, the additional pulse signal being used to apply pressure to the ink in the one of the plurality of nozzles in a direction opposite to an oscillating direction of a surface of the ink in the one of the plurality of nozzles,
wherein the second type dot is formed by a second process, the second process being for supplying the pressure applying section with a second drive pulse signal without supplying the additional pulse signal, the second drive pulse signal being used to control the one of the plurality of nozzles to eject an ink droplet,
wherein the determining determines that the first type dot is to be formed in the edge printing area, and
wherein the determining determines that the first type dot is not to be formed but the second type dot is to be formed in the interior printing area.

US Pat. No. 10,137,680

PRINTING SYSTEM HAVING INDIVIDUALLY MOVABLE SUB-DETECTOR ELEMENTS FOR PRINT HEAD PROTECTION

SPGPrints B.V., Boxmeer ...

1. A printing system comprising:a print module with one or more printheads covering a printing width in an x-direction; and
a substrate holder for supporting a substrate to be printed on by the print module;
wherein the substrate and print module are movable relative to each other in a y-direction that is perpendicular to the x-direction,
wherein each printhead in a print position is positioned spaced at a first distance from the substrate holder in a z-direction that is perpendicular to the x- and y-direction,
wherein a detection mechanism is provided for detecting obstructions on the substrate holder, like crumples in the substrate, the detection mechanism comprising a detection element that extends along the printing width, and that, in the print position, is positioned spaced at a second distance from the substrate holder in the z-direction, which second distance is smaller than the first distance,
wherein a control unit is provided for stopping further relative movement in the y-direction between the substrate and the print module when an obstruction has been detected by the detection mechanism,
wherein the detection element of the detection mechanism comprises at least a first set of individually movable sub-detection elements that are positioned adjacent each other or staggered along the printing width for together cover the printing width in the x-direction, and
wherein the individually movable sub-detection elements are designed to have a detection signal send out to the control unit when one of the sub-detection elements gets moved out of a starting position by an obstruction trying to pass it.

US Pat. No. 10,137,654

MACHINE AND METHOD OF FORMING A BEAD-APEX ASSEMBLY FOR TIRES

VMI HOLLAND B.V., Epe (N...

1. Tyre building machine for applying apex strips to beads to form a bead-apex assembly for a green tyre, comprising:a bead holder for holding the beads,
a cutting device for cutting a substantially continuous length of apex into the apex strips with the apex strips having a leading end and a trailing end with respect to the bead holder, and
an applicator clamp for transferring the leading end of one of the strips onto one of the beads at the bead holder,
wherein the tyre building machine comprises a first gripper and a second gripper for engaging the leading end and the trailing end, respectively, of the apex strips and moving the apex strips in a direction of conveyance in a plane of conveyance towards the bead holder,
wherein the first gripper is moveable between a first start position and a first end position and the second gripper is moveable between a second start position and a second end position,
wherein the tyre building machine is provided with a first wedge, a second wedge, a third wedge and a fourth wedge,
wherein the first gripper and the second gripper each comprise a first gripping member that is suspended into a position underneath the plane of conveyance and a second gripping member that is suspended into a position above the plane of conveyance,
wherein for each gripper at least one of the gripping members is a biased gripping member biased by a respective biasing element to move towards the other of the gripping members of that gripper for clamping the apex strips from two opposite sides of the plane of conveyance,
wherein the first wedge is provided with a protrusion which is arranged to counteract the bias of the least one biasing element of the first gripper when the first gripper is at the first start position, the second wedge is provided with a protrusion which is arranged to counteract the bias of the at least one biasing element of the first gripper when the first gripper is at the first end position, the third wedge is provided with a protrusion which is arranged to counteract the bias of the least one biasing element of the second gripper when the second gripper is at the second start position, and the fourth wedge is provided with a protrusion which is arranged to counteract the bias of the at least one biasing element of the second gripper when the second gripper is at the second end position,
wherein the first end position is located at the applicator clamp,
wherein the second end position is located at the bead holder,
wherein the tyre building machine is arranged for conveying the apex strips in a first plane, wherein the first gripper and the second gripper are moveable between the first plane and a second plane in a background with respect to the first plane, and
wherein the grippers are arranged to be moved from their respective start positions to their respective end positions in the first plane and wherein the grippers are arranged to be returned from their respective end positions to their respective start positions in the second plane, which is behind the cutting device and the applicator clamp.

US Pat. No. 10,137,649

STEERING COLUMN PRODUCED FROM FIBRE-COMPOSITE AND ON THE BASIS OF PULTRUSION, BRAIDING AND/OR WINDING TECHNOLOGY

THYSSENKRUPP PRESTA AG, ...

1. A process of forming a fiber composite component, the process comprising:pulling a first set of rovings through a template;
braiding a second set of rovings onto the first set of rovings in a braiding head so as to form a braid;
impregnating the braid with a curable resin;
curing the impregnated braid in a heated mold so as to form a blank, wherein the heated mold gives the blank a profiled shape;
cutting the blank to size by a cutting device; and
introducing a milled relief with an opening into a guiding ridge of the blank.

US Pat. No. 10,137,644

PROCESSING OBJECT DATA

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A system for generating a three-dimensional object from three-dimensional object data, comprising:a processing system to:
obtain characteristic data including one or more of a scaling factor corresponding to an ambient temperature during manufacturing, data defining an age of a build material, data defining a humidity level of a build material, data defining a particle size of a powdered build material, and data defining characteristics of a coalescing agent;
perform a geometrical transformation on the three-dimensional object data based on the characteristic data to compensate for distortions introduced by the additive manufacturing system during the generation of the three-dimensional object; and
generate a plurality of slice images from the transformed three-dimensional object data, each slice image defining a portion of a layer of build material where a coalescing agent is to be delivered during generation of the three-dimensional object; and
a manufacturing system to generate the three dimensional object based on the slice images.

US Pat. No. 10,137,642

METHODS TO FORM 3D OBJECTS USING CROSS-LINKABLE OR SINTERABLE MATERIALS

1. A method comprisingforming a boundary line, wherein the boundary line forms a close curve;
forming a layer in the inner area defined by the boundary line, wherein the boundary line and the layer comprise different materials or different material properties;
treating the layer;
repeating forming the boundary line, forming the layer, and treating the layer until an object is formed.

US Pat. No. 10,137,638

METHOD OF BONDING FIBERS TO FORM A COMPOSITE STRUCTURE

INDEMNIS, INC., Anchorag...

1. A method of bonding Dyneema fiber material to itself to form an airtight seam, comprising:providing a first fiber layer consisting of an Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE) Dyneema fiber, the first fiber layer having a first side and a second side;
providing a second fiber layer consisting of a UHMWPE Dyneema fiber having a first side and a second side and positioning the second fiber layer to have the first side facing the second side of the first fiber layer;
overlapping a portion of the second side of the first fiber layer and a portion of the first side of the second fiber layer to create a seam;
providing a thermal buffer layer against the first side of the first UHMWPE Dyneema fiber layer or against the second side of the second UHMWPE Dyneema fiber layer, or both, in the seam; and
forming a composite structure at the seam by RF welding the first and second UHMWPE Dyneema fiber layers and the thermal buffer layer together to form an airtight seam.

US Pat. No. 10,137,637

THREE DIMENSIONAL MOLD OBJECT MANUFACTURING APPARATUS, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THREE DIMENSIONAL MOLD OBJECT, AND THREE DIMENSIONAL MOLD OBJECT

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A three dimensional mold object manufacturing apparatus adapted to manufacture a three dimensional mold object by repeatedly forming and layering layers using a composition including particles, the three dimensional mold object manufacturing apparatus comprising:a layer forming section including a stage and configured and arranged to form, on the stage, a first layer and a second layer that the layers include, using the composition, the layer forming section being configured and arranged to form the first layer with a first and second surfaces and a thickness between the first and second surfaces which is a predetermined thickness set in advance based on data of a shape of the three dimensional mold object, the second surface being positioned closer to the stage than the first surface; and
a bulge detecting unit configured and arranged to detect a presence or absence of a bulge, which protrudes from the first surface and has a height equal to or more than a predetermined height from the first surface of the first layer, on the first surface,
in response to the bulge detecting unit detecting the presence of the bulge that has the height equal to or more than the predetermined height, the layer forming section being configured and arranged to adjust a thickness of the second layer and form the second layer with the thickness that has been adjusted directly on the first layer,
in response to the bulge detecting unit detecting the absence of the bulge that has the height equal to or more than the predetermined height from the first surface, the layer forming section being configured and arranged to, based on the data, form the second layer with a thickness that is equal to that of the first layer which is the predetermined thickness directly on the first layer, without adjusting the thickness of the second layer.

US Pat. No. 10,137,636

THREE-DIMENSIONAL MODELLING AND/OR MANUFACTURING APPARATUS, AND RELATED PROCESSES

VOXEL 3D LLC, Salt Lake ...

1. A method of building a three dimensional object, comprising:building a first layer of the three dimensional object including addressing multiple two dimensional locations of a curative matrix thereby simultaneously activating a curable material forming the first layer of the three dimensional object.

US Pat. No. 10,137,635

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PRINTING PATH PLANNING FOR MANUFACTURING OF FUNCTIONALLY GRADED MATERIALS WITH THE AID OF A DIGITAL COMPUTER

Palo Alto Research Center...

10. A method for printing path planning for functionally graded material with the aid of a digital computer, comprising steps of:retrieving one or more characteristics of a 3D printer, the printer comprising two or more reservoirs, each of the reservoirs shaped to store a printing material, the printer further comprising a mixing chamber for mixing the materials supplied from two or more of the reservoirs upon receiving material extrusion commands, and at least one printer head for extruding the mixed materials as a material mix;
obtaining a representation of a layer of a functionally graded material object, the layer having a polygonal shape and comprising a plurality of points associated with a composition of the material mix, to be printed by the printer, wherein printing by the printer comprises extruding at every point the material mix of the composition associated with that point;
for each of the points, computing rates of change in the material composition between the composition associated with that point and the compositions associated with one or more other of the points located in one or more directions from that point, and to compare the determined rates of change to a threshold;
determining for each of the points whether the printer head can move while printing the layer to one or more of the other points along one or more of the directions based on the characteristics, the rates of the change between that point and the other points, and the material composition at that point and the other point, wherein the printer head is determined to be able to move between that point and one of the other points if the rate of change associated with that point and the other point is below the threshold;
defining boundaries of a plurality of polygons comprised within the polygonal shape that can be printed by the printer head moving in one or more of the directions based on the determinations;
generating a path for the head to follow to print all of the polygons based on the boundaries; and
generating the material extrusion commands based on the generated path,
wherein the steps are performed by a suitably-programmed computer and wherein the printer prints all of the polygons based on the generated path and the material extrusion commands.

US Pat. No. 10,137,619

HEADER FOR MODULE OF HOLLOW FIBER MEMBRANES AND METHOD OF POTTING HOLLOW FIBERS

ZENON TECHNOLOGY PARTNERS...

1. A method of producing a membrane module comprising the steps of:a) forming a bundle of hollow fiber membranes, the membranes held together by a layer of adhesive material spaced from the ends of the membranes to provide a potting region between the layer of adhesive material and the ends of the membranes;
b) placing the bundle of membranes in a mold wherein the mold seals against the adhesive material to form a substantially closed cavity surrounding the potting region;
c) injecting a liquid potting material into the cavity such that the potting material flows around the membranes; and,
d) solidifying the potting material in a seal with the membranes.

US Pat. No. 10,137,618

DEVICE FOR PRODUCING PLASTICS PARTS HAVING INSERTS

Gerresheimer Regensburg G...

1. A device for producing plastics parts, comprising in each case at least one rod-shaped metal insert, which has a proximal end and a distal end having a ground surface, in an injection moulding process, comprising a first mould half element and a second mould half element, at least one of the mould half elements being movable along a closure direction such that in a closed position, the mould half elements together form a closed cavity for moulding a plastics part, the insert projecting at least in portions into the cavity in order to be overmoulded with plastics material and being substantially arranged between the mould half elements in a mould dividing plane which comprises a longitudinal direction and a width direction, wherein at least one of the mould half elements has at least one fixing means, by which the insert can be fixed in the width direction, and in that a positioning means is able to be arranged at the proximal end of the insert, by which the insert, which is fixed in the width direction, is able to be moved along the longitudinal direction into an injection position,wherein the positioning means comprises an end piece on which a slide core is arranged, wherein at least one of the mould half elements comprises an actuating surface and the end piece comprises at least one ramp surface, the end piece being movable, during a closure movement of the mould half elements, from a starting position into an end position due to a sliding movement of the at least one actuating surface on the at least one ramp surface.

US Pat. No. 10,137,612

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR MANUFACTURE OF OPHTHALMIC LENSES

CooperVision Internationa...

1. A method of removing a contact lens from a lens mold portion carrying a contact lens, the method comprising reciprocally displacing a region of the mold portion to thereby cause an edge portion of the contact lens to become detached from the mold portion, wherein the reciprocal displacement comprises a plurality of cycles, each cycle comprising motion in a first direction, followed by motion in a second, opposite direction.

US Pat. No. 10,137,587

AXE AND AXE HEAD

1. An axe comprising:an axe head and a handle to which one end portion of the axe head is mounted,
wherein the axe head is formed of a flat blade stock of generally uniform thickness,
wherein the axe head having a sharpened cutting edge,
wherein the axe head having a frame section comprising a first side face and a second side face, and a first side edge and a second side edge between the first side face and the second side face,
wherein the axe head defining a first axe head side on the first side face of the frame section and a second axe head side on the second side face of the frame section,
wherein the centre of gravity of the axe is located on a centre-of-gravity plane, which is parallel with a blade plane on which the sharpened cutting edge of the axe head is located and which is located at a distance from the blade plane and which is parallel with a normal working motion plane of the axe,
wherein the sharpened cutting edge of the axe head and the centre of gravity of the axe are arranged to cooperate when the sharpened cutting edge of the axe head hits a wood and the sharpened cutting edge of the axe head penetrates into the wood such that at least some of the impact force of the axe head is converted into a rotational motion of the axe head and a motion of the axe head in a curvilinear trajectory, and
wherein:
the axe head having a first handle attaching structure, which extends from the first side edge of the frame section of the axe head and which is located on the first axe head side of the axe head,
the axe head having a second handle attaching structure, which extends from the second side edge of the frame section of the axe head and which is located on the first axe head side of the axe head,
the frame section of the axe head, the first handle attaching structure of the axe head, the second handle attaching structure of the axe head are parts of a one-piece structure formed by plastically deforming and cutting said flat blade stock of generally uniform thickness,
the first handle attaching structure being provided with a first opening that is penetrated by the handle, and
the second handle attaching structure being provided with a second opening that is penetrated by the handle.