US Pat. No. 10,116,552

EFFICIENT SHARED RISK GROUP REPRESENTATION AS A BIT VECTOR

Ciena Corporation, Hanov...

1. A method of path computation using a shared risk group representation, the method comprising:in any of a Network Management System (NMS), an Element Management System (EMS), a Path Computation Engine (PCE), and a Network Element (NE), representing a plurality of network risks in a network with a plurality of bit vectors where each network risk is represented as a single bit in associated bit vector such that the associated bit vector represents multiple risks of the plurality of network risks;
computing a pair of paths through the network by one of the NMS, EMS, PCE, and the NE; and
determining diversity of the pair of paths based on a comparison of associated bit vectors for each of the pair of paths,
wherein the bit vector comprises M-bits with an N-bit Group Identifier and P-bits with each of the P-bits representing a risk of the plurality of network risks, wherein M, N, and P are integers and N+P=M, and wherein the network employs the plurality of bit vectors to represent network risks using a single bit for each risk and the Group Identifier uniquely identifies each of the plurality of bit vectors.

US Pat. No. 10,116,550

BROADCAST MESSAGE TRANSLATION IN A NETWORK DEVICE

ABL IP Holding LLC, Atla...

1. A network switch, comprising:a plurality of network interfaces, wherein one of the network interfaces is configured to receive broadcast messages from a control console, and one or more of the network interfaces is associated with a multicast address;
a processor;
a memory accessible to the processor; and
a message translator service executed by the processor, the message translator service causing the network switch to:
obtain a configuration for translating a destination address of a specified type of broadcast message to a different destination address;
receive a broadcast message matching the specified type, wherein the broadcast message is received from the control console and includes an instruction for a group of network nodes;
generate a multicast message based upon the broadcast message and the configuration, wherein the multicast address used as a destination for the multicast message corresponds to the multicast address for the group of network nodes specified by the configuration; and
transmit the multicast message from the one or more network interfaces associated with the multicast address for the group of network nodes, wherein the multicast message includes the instruction for the group of network nodes.

US Pat. No. 10,116,549

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MODIFYING PACKET INTERVAL TIMING BASED ON DEVICE CHARACTERISTICS

Afero, Inc., Los Gatos, ...

1. An apparatus comprising:Internet of Things (IoT) device data collection circuitry/logic to collect IoT device usage data and other IoT device data;
advertising interval determination circuitry/logic to determine an appropriate advertising interval based on the IoT device usage data and other IoT device data, wherein the IoT device usage data comprises a frequency with which the IoT device transmits/receives data, and wherein the other IoT device data comprises the IoT device type; and
advertising interval selection circuitry/logic to implement the appropriate advertising interval determined by the advertising interval determination circuitry/logic.

US Pat. No. 10,116,543

DYNAMIC ASYNCHRONOUS COMMUNICATION MANAGEMENT

RED HAT, INC., Raleigh, ...

1. A method performed by a computing system, the method comprising:executing a thread, the thread comprising an instruction to send a message to a remote system under a current set of conditions;
after sending the message, allowing continued execution of the thread;
after a first period of time, checking for a response to the message;
in response to determining that the response has not been received and that the first period of time is less than a predetermined amount of time, waiting for an additional period of time for the response;for each of a plurality of messages sent to the remote system, measuring a response time corresponding to an amount of time between sending that message and receiving a response to that message; andassociating with each message, a set of conditions under which that message was sent;wherein the predetermined amount of time is based on collected data associated with a set of conditions that correspond to the current set of conditions.

US Pat. No. 10,116,542

COMMUNICATION DEVICE, COMMUNICATION METHOD, PROGRAM, AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A slave communication device configured to perform communication through a bus, comprising:transmitting and receiving circuitry configured to transmit and receive a signal to and from a master communication device; and
error detection circuitry configured to detect whether an error has occurred in the signal, wherein:
in one word received immediately after a continuous re-start is received, the error detection circuitry is configured to confirm whether a predefined bit stream exists,
in a case where the predefined bit stream does not exist in the one word, the error detection circuitry is configured to detect that an error has occurred in the one word, and
the continuous re-start is a pattern that indicates that communication of the signal is continuously restarted but not terminated, and the continuous re-start pattern is received after a command to enter a dynamic address assignment (ENTDAA) procedure is received and before the ENTDAA procedure is terminated.

US Pat. No. 10,116,535

MONITORING INTERNET USAGE ON HOME NETWORKS OF PANELIST USERS USING A MEASUREMENT DEVICE

comScore, Inc., Westlake...

1. A computer-implemented method executed by one or more processors, the method comprising:identifying a home network including one or more devices and a gateway configured to receive network traffic from the devices and send the received network traffic to an external network;
configuring the home network to send network traffic from the devices to a measurement device connected to the gateway;
after configuring the home network, monitoring, at the measurement device, network traffic received from the devices on the home network;
evaluating, at the measurement device, one or more characteristics of the home network, wherein the one or more characteristics comprise at least one of: a quantity of devices; types of devices; types of network traffic sent by devices; usage patterns of devices; a quantity of devices with public IP addresses; an Internet Service Provider; and subnet masks of devices;
determining, based on the one or more characteristics of the home network, a network fingerprint of the home network;
comparing, at the measurement device, the network fingerprint to stored network fingerprints to aid in determining the type of the home network that the home network comprises; and
determining, based on the comparing, a type of the home network.

US Pat. No. 10,116,530

TECHNOLOGIES FOR DETERMINING SENSOR DEPLOYMENT CHARACTERISTICS

CISCO TECHNOLOGY, INC., ...

1. A method comprising:running a capturing agent on a device, the capturing agent being deployed on a virtualization environment of the device;
querying, by the capturing agent, the virtualization environment associated with the capturing agent for one or more environment parameters, the one or more environmental parameters including at least one of a module loaded in an operating system hosting the virtualized environment, a service running in the operating system, and/or a configuration setting set for a software network device used by the virtualized environment;
receiving, by the capturing agent, a response comprising the one or more environment parameters; and
based on the one or more environment parameters, determining whether the virtualization environment where the capturing agent is deployed is a hypervisor or a virtual machine.

US Pat. No. 10,116,527

METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR VALIDATING NETWORK PACKET BROKERS

KEYSIGHT TECHNOLOGIES SIN...

1. A method for validating a network packet broker, comprising:providing a software model of a network packet broker including a modeled filter and a modeled load balancer;
using filter logic of a software protocol analyzer to implement said modeled filler:
using said software protocol analyzer to implement said modeled load balancer;
providing a packet capture file, said packet capture file containing data packets captured from a production network or generated by a traffic generator;
creating a first association between an input port of said software model of said network packet broker and said packet capture file;
creating a second association between said input port and at least one of an input port of said modeled filter of said software model of said network packet broker and an input port of said modeled load balancer of said software model of said network packet broker;
creating a third association between said at least one of said input port of said modeled filter and said input port of said modeled load balancer with an output port of said software model of said network packet broker;
creating a fourth association between said output port of said software model of said network packet broker and said software protocol analyzer, thereby designating data packets output from said output port of said software model of said network packet broker be received by said software protocol analyzer for analysis; and
invoking said software protocol analyzer to transmit said data packets from said packet capture file through said modeled filter implemented by said software protocol analyzer and said modeled load balancer implemented by said software protocol analyzer to validate said modeled filter and said modeled load balancer.

US Pat. No. 10,116,524

MACHINE-LEARNING OPTIMIZATION FOR COMPUTING NETWORKS

1. A computer-implemented method of optimizing data flow through a plurality of networks, comprising:providing an online platform providing a machine learning module;
interconnecting the online platform and a plurality of network providers via at least one computer having software for causing the at least one computer to perform the following process steps:
(a) acquiring a list of open shortest path first (OSPF) neighbors of the plurality of network providers;
(b) acquiring a list of label distribution paths (LDP) neighbors;
(c) executing for each OSPF neighbor a bandwidth test for collecting latency information thereof;
(d) prompting the machine learning module to predict multiple path outcomes through the plurality of networks and calculate a confidence score of each path outcome based on latency information for associated OSPF neighbors; and
(e) making routing decisions for each OSPF neighbor based on its respective confidence score,
wherein if the confidence score is higher than 60 percent, then 80 percent of the collected latency information of step (c) is used by the software to determine a reliability value of each respective OSPF neighbor.

US Pat. No. 10,116,520

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR GENERATING A NETWORK ON CHIP IN AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of generating a network-on-chip (NoC) in an electronic device, the method comprising:clustering a plurality of cores based on total communication energy comprising first communication energy among a plurality of voltage-frequency-islands (VFIs) and second communication energy inside the plurality of VFIs;
generating at least one router based on a pre-determined value corresponding to a number of ports of the at least one router;
selecting one pair of cores having a maximum number of communications among the plurality of cores for performing a communication inside the plurality of VFIs; and
connecting the selected one pair of cores to one of the at least one router.

US Pat. No. 10,116,514

SYSTEM, METHOD AND COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR DEPLOYING AN ORCHESTRATION LAYER FOR A NETWORK BASED ON NETWORK FUNCTION VIRTUALIZATION (NFV)

AMDOCS DEVELOPMENT LIMITE...

1. A method for recovering a structure of network function virtualization orchestration (NFV-O) domains, the method comprising:identifying an initial structure of NFV-O domains representing assignment of network resources to the NFV-O domains, each of the NFV-O domains being managed by a respective NFV-O module that allocates the network resources assigned thereto to virtual network function (VNFs) instances;
identifying a current structure of NFV-O domains representing a modification of the initial structure due to reassignment of network resources between the NFV-O domains to support changing loads between the NFV-O domains;
determining, from the initial structure of NFV-O domains and the current structure of NFV-O domains, one of the network resources reassigned by a first NFV-O domain of the NFV-O domains to a second NFV-O domain of the NFV-O domains;
responsive to determining the one of the network resources reassigned by the first NFV-O domain to the second NFV-O domain, performing a recovery process including:
instructing a second NFV-O module managing the second NFV-O domain to release the identified one of the network resources for assignment back to the first NFV-O domain;
determining that a process including the modification of the initial structure and the recovery process is repeated;
responsive to determining that the process including the modification of the initial structure and the recovery process is repeated:
recording the repeated process,
analyzing the repeated process, and
forming, based on the analysis, an optimized initial structure of NFV-O domains.

US Pat. No. 10,116,511

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING TOPOLOGY

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for operating an electronic device, the method comprising:broadcasting a discovery message for detecting a first node adjacent to the electronic device from among a plurality of nodes;
receiving, from the first node, a first response message including first address information of the first node, wherein the first response message is broadcasted from the first node in response to receiving the discovery message, and wherein the broadcasted first response message is received at a second node which is located to the first node and departed from the electronic device;
in response to receiving of the first response message, allocating, to the first node, a first identification (ID) having a first hierarchical level, wherein the first ID is used for indicating that the first node is next to the electronic device;
receiving, from the first node, a second response message including both the first address information and second address information of the second node that is transmitted from the second node to the first node in response to receiving the broadcasted first response message at the second node;
in response to receiving of the second response message, allocating a second ID having a second hierarchical level for indicating that the second node is next to the first node, wherein the second ID is used for indicating both the first address information and the second address information,
wherein the second ID includes an additional number subordinating to a number of the first ID.

US Pat. No. 10,116,505

DEVICE CONTROL METHOD FOR REGISTERING DEVICE INFORMATION OF PERIPHERAL DEVICE, AND DEVICE AND SYSTEM THEREOF

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A device control method for controlling a device, the device control method comprising:providing a first connection structure in which a user device is connected to a first peripheral device, the first peripheral device being controlled by the user device;
obtaining, by the user device, a device information regarding the first peripheral device;
changing the first connection structure to a second connection structure by:
transmitting, by the user device, the device information to a network device,
storing, by the network device, the device information, and
causing a second peripheral device, which is connected to the network device, to become paired with the first peripheral device in response to receiving, by the second peripheral device, the device information of the first peripheral device; and
controlling, by the second peripheral device, the first peripheral device by using the device information, wherein, as a result of the changing to the second connection structure, the first peripheral device is directly controlled by the second peripheral device in place of the user device,
wherein the device information comprises at least one among an IP address, a MAC address, a connection port, and a service set identification (SSID) of the first peripheral device, and
wherein the user device and the first peripheral device are not connected to the second peripheral device in the first connection structure.

US Pat. No. 10,116,502

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING CONFIGURATION SETTINGS TO SERVICES IN A CLOUD INFRASTRUCTURE

salesforce.com, inc., Sa...

1. A cloud-based computing system, comprising:cloud infrastructure that hosts a plurality of services, wherein each service is associated with configuration settings for that service;
a network; and
a central configuration setting management system (CCSMS), communicatively coupled to the cloud infrastructure via the network, wherein the CCSMS further comprises:
a database that is configured to store a hierarchical configuration setting structure (HCSS) that is configured to store all configuration settings for each of the services of the cloud infrastructure in a hierarchal configuration that comprises a hierarchy of M levels, wherein M is an integer greater than or equal to three; and
a configuration setting server system (CSSS) configured to:
receive a request from a particular one of the services for a value of a particular configuration setting;
query the HCSS for the value to retrieve the value of the particular configuration setting that was requested by that particular service; and
generate a response to that particular service comprising: the value for the particular configuration setting that was requested by that particular service; and
communicate the response over the network to the particular service that requested the value of the particular configuration setting.

US Pat. No. 10,116,498

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR NETWORK AND INTRA-PORTAL LINK (IPL) SHARING IN DISTRIBUTED RELAY CONTROL PROTOCOL (DRCP)

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. A method supporting network and intra-portal link (IPL) sharing in a link aggregation group at a network device, wherein the network device and a neighbor network device are included in a portal of the link aggregation group, wherein the network device is coupled to the neighbor network device via an intra-portal port (IPP) using an IPL that is a logical point-to-point link between the network device and the neighbor network device, the method comprising:receiving a first type/length/value (TLV) message transmitted from the neighbor network device;
determining that the network device is configured with a network and IPL sharing method consistent with that of the neighbor network device, wherein the determining includes:
comparing a recorded neighbor network and IPL sharing method received from the first TLV message with a home network and IPL sharing method of the network device; and
transmitting frames between the network device and the neighbor network device using the network and IPL sharing method.

US Pat. No. 10,116,490

USAGE CONTROL FOR SUBSCRIBER GROUP

NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWO...

1. A method for use by an apparatus of a communication network, the method comprising:receiving a session establishment request for a user or user equipment attaching to the communication network;
detecting that the user or user equipment belongs to a usage group, based on group identity information that is allocated to the user or user equipment and identifies the usage group, wherein the detecting comprises requesting the group identity information from a database based on an identifier of the user or user equipment received with the session establishment request for the user or user equipment;
detecting, based on the group identity information, whether or not a first rules function out of several rules functions has been allocated to another user or user equipment of the usage group;
in case it is detected that the first rules function has been allocated to another user or user equipment of the usage group, selecting, for the user or user equipment, the first rules function and
sending a request message to request the session establishment from the first rules function or sending a redirect message to redirect the user or user equipment to the first rules function, for requesting the session establishment from the first rules function.

US Pat. No. 10,116,482

SYMBOL TRANSMISSION METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR USE IN FILTER BANK MULTICARRIER SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of transmitting filter-bank multi-carrier (FBMC) symbols in a FBMC system, the method comprising:determining a truncation point at a transient transmission duration based on an overlapping factor;
truncating a length of a first FBMC symbol at the truncation point;
after truncating the first FBMC symbol, filtering the first FBMC symbol using a first filter;
filtering a second FBMC symbol corresponding to a non-transient transmission duration using a second filter; and
concurrently transmitting the first filtered FBMC symbol and the second filtered FBMC symbol during the non-transient transmission duration,
wherein an energy distribution characteristic of the second filter is changed based on an energy distribution characteristic of the first filter, and
wherein a length of the first filtered FBMC symbol is smaller than a length of the second filtered FBMC symbol.

US Pat. No. 10,116,480

BROADCAST SIGNAL TRANSMITTING APPARATUS, BROADCAST SIGNAL RECEIVING APPARATUS, BROADCAST SIGNAL TRANSMITTING METHOD, AND BROADCAST SIGNAL RECEIVING METHOD

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A transmission apparatus for transmitting a broadcast signal, the transmission apparatus comprising:an input formatter configured to format input data and to output physical layer pipe (PLP) data;
a Forward Error Correction (FEC) encoder configured to perform FEC encoding on the outputted PLP data;
a bit interleaver configured to interleave the PLP data on which the FEC encoding is performed;
a constellation mapper configured to map the interleaved PLP data onto constellations;
a frame builder configured to generate a signal frame comprising the mapped PLP data,
wherein the signal frame comprises a preamble and the preamble includes frequency interleaver information indicating whether the frequency interleaver is enabled or not,
wherein when the frequency interleaver information is set to ‘1’, a frequency interleaver performs frequency interleaving on data in the signal frame, and
wherein when the frequency interleaver information is set to ‘0’, the frequency interleaver does not perform the frequency interleaving on the data in the signal frame; and
an Inverse Fast Fourier Transform (IFFT) modulator configured to Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) modulate the signal frame including the data on which the frequency interleaving is performed or not performed.

US Pat. No. 10,116,479

APPARATUS AND OPERATING METHOD FOR CONTROLLING PEAK TO AVERAGE POWER RATIO OF SIGNAL IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

7. A transmitting apparatus comprising:at least one processor configured to:
apply a Fourier transform to modulation symbols,
determine a first group of symbols and a second group of symbols in the modulation symbols to which the Fourier transform is applied,
apply, to at least one group among the first group and the second group, a pre-processing to reduce interference between the first group and the second group to be caused by combining the first group and the second group, and
generate filter bank multicarrier (FBMC) symbols by combining the first group and the second group comprising the at least one group to which the pre-processing is applied; and
at least one transceiver operably connected to the at least one processor, the at least one transceiver configured to transmit the FBMC symbols.

US Pat. No. 10,116,476

RECEIVING METHOD AND RECEIVER FOR SATELLITE-BASED AUTOMATIC IDENTIFICATION SYSTEMS

European Space Agency, P...

1. A method for demodulating a received signal relating to a sequence of transmitted symbols that have been modulated by continuous phase modulation, the method comprising the steps of:A) normalizing samples of a sequence of samples generated from the received signal, to obtain a normalized sequence of samples, wherein an amplitude of each sample of the normalized sequence of samples has an absolute value equal to unity;
B) estimating, on the basis of the normalized sequence of samples, a time offset and a frequency offset of the received signal and using the estimated time offset and the estimated frequency offset for compensating the normalized sequence of samples for the time and frequency offsets to obtain a compensated sequence of samples; and
C) determining a sequence of symbols corresponding to the transmitted sequence of symbols on the basis of the compensated sequence of samples,
wherein estimating the time offset and the frequency offset involves:
filtering the normalized sequence of samples using a low-pass filter to obtain a filtered sequence of samples;
determining the estimate of the time offset on the basis of a first result obtained by auto-correlating the filtered sequence of samples;
determining the estimate of the frequency offset on the basis of a second result obtained by auto-correlating the filtered sequence of samples or a first sequence of samples derived from the normalized sequence of samples;
interpolating the normalized sequence of samples or a second sequence of samples derived from the normalized sequence of samples on the basis of the estimate of the time offset; and
compensating the normalized sequence of samples or a third sequence of samples derived from the normalized sequence of samples for the frequency offset using the estimate of the frequency offset, to obtain the compensated sequence of samples.

US Pat. No. 10,116,474

MODULATING COMMUNICATIONS BETWEEN PLATFORMS ONTO POWER DELIVERY RAILS

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A data consumption platform comprising:a data interface;
a connector;
a direct current (DC) power line coupled to the connector;
a low pass filter coupled to the DC power line;
a power port coupled to the low pass filter;
a high pass filter coupled to the DC power line;
a bandpass filter coupled to the high pass filter; and
an embedded controller coupled between the bandpass filter and the data interface, the embedded controller including:
a converter to receive a modulated analog signal from the DC power line via the high pass filter and the bandpass filter, and convert the modulated analog signal to a digital signal; and
a digital signal processor to demodulate the digital signal to obtain data.

US Pat. No. 10,116,472

HIGH SPEED COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM

KANDOU LABS, S.A., Lausa...

1. A method comprising:receiving, at a plurality of orthogonal subchannel multi-input comparators (MICs), a set of wire-specific inputs, each wire-specific input carrying a combination of a respective baseband symbol of a baseband codeword and at least one respective carrier-modulated symbol of at least one carrier-modulated codeword; and
generating a plurality of superposition subchannel signals, each superposition subchannel signal generated by a corresponding orthogonal subchannel MIC forming a respective subchannel-specific linear combination of the set of wire-specific inputs, each superposition subchannel signal comprising a respective superposition of (i) a baseband subchannel signal and (ii) one or more carrier-modulated subchannel signals, the baseband subchannel signal and the one or more carrier-modulated subchannel signals associated with the baseband codeword and the at least one respective carrier-modulated codeword, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,116,470

COMBINED LOW AND HIGH FREQUENCY CONTINUOUS-TIME LINEAR EQUALIZERS

Futurewei Technologies, I...

1. An apparatus comprising:an input port configured to receive an input signal propagated through a transmission link experiencing a low-frequency channel loss and a high-frequency channel loss;
a continuous-time linear equalization (CTLE) circuit coupled to the input port, the CTLE circuit comprising:
a differential amplifier circuit coupled to the input port, the differential amplifier circuit comprising a first circuit branch connected in parallel to a second circuit branch; and
a bias circuit coupled to the differential amplifier circuit, the bias circuit comprising a first transistor coupled to the first circuit branch and configured to provide a first direct current (DC) bias to the first circuit branch, a second transistor coupled to the second circuit branch and configured to provide a second DC bias to the second circuit branch, and a first resistor positioned between the first transistor and the second transistor,
wherein the CTLE circuit is configured to produce an output signal according to the input signal by:
applying a first gain to the input signal based on a first frequency to compensate the low-frequency channel loss; and
applying a second gain to the input signal based on a second frequency to compensate the high-frequency channel loss; and
an output port coupled to the CTLE circuit and outputting the output signal, wherein a frequency response of the CTLE circuit between the output port and the input port comprises a first zero and a second zero, the first zero dependent on a first parasitic capacitance of the first transistor and on a first resistance of the first resistor, the first frequency associated with the first zero, and the second frequency associated with the second zero.

US Pat. No. 10,116,465

METHOD FOR OPERATING A NETWORK

BECKHOFF AUTOMATION GMBH,...

1. A method for operating a network,wherein the network has a network subscriber that is connected to a superordinate bus and to a subordinate bus,
wherein the method comprises the following steps:
reception of a first superordinate data message by the network subscriber via the superordinate bus;
extraction of first data from the first superordinate data message by the network subscriber;
transmission of a first subordinate data message by the network subscriber via the subordinate bus, wherein the first subordinate data message comprises the first data;
reception of a second subordinate data message by the network subscriber via the subordinate bus;
extraction of second data from the second subordinate data message by the network subscriber; and
transmission of a second superordinate data message by the network subscriber via the superordinate bus, wherein the second superordinate data message comprises the second data;
wherein the second superordinate data message is formed from the first superordinate data message by replacing the first data by the second data; and
wherein the reception of the second subordinate data message takes place before the transmission of the first subordinate data message.

US Pat. No. 10,116,458

FAMILY COMMUNICATIONS IN A CONTROLLED-ENVIRONMENT FACILITY

Securus Technologies, Inc...

1. A correctional facility counseling system, comprising:at least one processor; and
a memory coupled to the at least one processor, the memory configured to store program instructions executable by the at least one processor to cause the counseling system to:
receive an indication that a request for an electronic communication between a resident and a non-resident of a correctional facility has been made and that the non-resident is the resident's child or parent;
initiate an automated counseling presentation, which includes a counseling curriculum or program for improving a relationship between the resident and the resident's child or parent, to the resident in response to the indication; and
facilitate the electronic communication between the resident and the non-resident.

US Pat. No. 10,116,456

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR OPTIMIZING INTERNET COMMUNICATIONS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A terminal in a wireless communication system, the terminal comprising:a transceiver configured to transmit and receive a signal; and
at least one processor configured to:
transmit a public land mobile network identifier (PLMN ID) for a sponsored service, to a first server,
receive a token related to the sponsored service from the first server,
transmit a sponsored service request message based on the token, to a second server,
receive authentication information from the second server, and
display at least one of information on an identified amount of at least one of a packet transmission or a packet reception for the sponsored service, or information on remaining amount for the sponsored service based on allowed amount for the sponsored service and the identified amount.

US Pat. No. 10,116,454

AUTHENTICATION SYSTEM AND AUTHENTICATION METHOD

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. An authentication method in an authentication system including a server, a device, and a first controller that controls the device, the authentication method comprising:storing, at the device, a first certificate revocation list and device history information, the first certificate revocation list having first age-identifying information;
storing, at the server, a second certificate revocation list, the second certificate revocation list having second age-identifying information;
transmitting, from the device to the first controller, device history information with the first age-identifying information of the first certificate revocation list;
transmitting, from the first controller to the server, the device history information with the first age-identifying information of the first certificate revocation list and added authentication information;
comparing, at the server, the first age-identifying information of the first certificate revocation list to the second age-identifying information of the second certificate revocation list;
if the first age-identifying information is indicated to be older than the second age-identifying information, judging that the first controller is unauthorized; and
if the first age-identifying information is indicated to be same as or younger than the second age-identifying information, judging that the first controller is authorized and judging that the first controller is set to receive an updated certificate revocation list from the server,
wherein, when the first controller is judged to be unauthorized, the server no longer transmits the updated certificate revocation list to the first controller.

US Pat. No. 10,116,453

METHOD FOR DISTRIBUTED TRUST AUTHENTICATION

Duo Security, Inc., Ann ...

1. A method for distributed trust authentication, the method comprising:at a service provider:
using a common private cryptographic key of a public/private cryptographic key pair to generate a first private key share and a second private key share;
distributing, via one or more communications networks, each of the first private key share and the second private key share to an identity provider and a remote multi-factor authentication service, respectively; and
distributing a public cryptographic key of the public/private cryptographic key pair to one of the identity provider and the remote multi-factor authentication service, wherein whichever one of the identity provider and the remote multi-factor authentication service that has the public cryptographic key performs a validation of a combined digital signature;
identifying an attempt, by a user operating a computing device, to authenticate to the service provider;
validating the combined digital signature for authenticating the user, wherein:
the combined digital signature is formed by a combination of a first digital signature and a second digital signature,
the first digital signature being generated using the first private key share in response to a successful primary authentication of the user;
the second digital signature being generated using the second private key share in response to a successful secondary authentication of the user,
the first private key share and the second private key share being generated using the common private cryptographic key of the public/private cryptographic key pair;
wherein validating the combined digital signature includes using the public cryptographic key of the public/private cryptographic key pair to validate the combined digital signature; and
authenticating the user to the service provider based on the validation of the combined digital signature.

US Pat. No. 10,116,452

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SEGMENT INTEGRITY AND AUTHENTICITY FOR ADAPTIVE STREAMING

Futurewei Technologies, I...

1. A method for verifying segment integrity and authenticity for adaptive streaming, the method comprising:receiving, by a data processing system, a first representative segment of a media stream comprising a plurality of non-overlapping segments, each of the plurality of non-overlapping segments comprising multiple encoded representative segments of a same corresponding content;
receiving, by the data processing system, a first correct digest or a first correct digital signature for the first representative segment, the first correct digest or the first correct digital signature received through a first Uniform Resource Locator (URL) indicated in a media presentation description, and immediately comparing, after receiving the first representative segment, the first correct digest or the first correct digital signature to a first calculated digest or a first calculated digital signature of the first representative segment to determine whether the first representative segment has been modified;
receiving, by the data processing system, a second representative segment of the media stream, the second representative segment having a different encoding than the first representative segment, the first representative segment and the second representative segment being received one at a time in accordance with a consecutive order of the plurality of non-overlapping segments in the media stream; and
receiving, by the data processing system, a second correct digest or a second correct digital signature for the second representative segment, the second correct digest or the second correct digital signature received through a second URL indicated in the media presentation description, and immediately comparing, after receiving the second representative segment, the second correct digest or the second correct digital signature to a second calculated digest or a second calculated digital signature of the second representative segment to determine whether the second representative segment has been modified.

US Pat. No. 10,116,448

TRANSACTION AUTHORIZATION METHOD AND SYSTEM

Meontrust Inc, (FI)

1. A method for authorizing a transaction, the method comprising the following acts performed by a telecommunications server configured to act as an authentication provider:at least one preparatory phase; and
at least one authorization phase;
wherein the at least one preparatory phase comprises for each of several user accounts:
registering a user account via a user terminal;
registering a plurality of personal devices with the registered user account, wherein registering of a personal device comprises registering an authentication application installed in that personal device;
wherein the authentication application in the registered personal device is configured to:
indicate at least a subset of received transaction-specific details via a user interface;
receive transaction-specific instructions via the user interface; and
digitally sign the transaction-specific instructions by using a cryptographic private key assigned to the user account;
wherein the at least one authorization phase performed by the telecommunications server comprises for each of several transactions related to one of the several user accounts:
receiving knowledge of a transaction relating to a user of a user terminal;
determining, in response to receiving the knowledge, a user account related to the transaction;
receiving a request for details specific to the transaction from at least one personal device;
checking, whether the at least one personal device wherefrom the request is received belongs to the plurality of personal devices registered with the user account determined to relate to the transaction;
providing, in response to the at least one personal device wherefrom the request is received belonging to the plurality of personal devices registered with the user account determined to relate to the transaction, the requested details specific to the transaction to the authentication application in the at least one personal device wherefrom the request for details specific to the transaction were received;
receiving, after the providing, from the authentication application in the at least one personal device a digitally signed transmission which indicates transaction-specific instructions received via the user interface by the authentication application in the at least one personal device; and
authorizing or denying the transaction based on the received transaction-specific instructions.

US Pat. No. 10,116,446

CRYPTOGRAPHIC IGNITION KEY (CIK) EMBEDDED IN REMOVABLE DATA CARTRIDGE

GE Aviation Systems LLC, ...

1. A removable data storage device, comprising:a housing comprising:
a data memory configured to store data subject to cryptographic processing;
at least one connector configured to be removably engaged with a host system;
a cryptographic ignition key device separate from the data memory, and comprising one or more cryptographic ignition keys to be transferred to the host system via a cryptographic ignition key interface for authentication of users;
a data memory interface in communication with the data memory and configured to communicate data subject to cryptographic processing to the host system via the at least one connector; and
the cryptographic ignition key interface configured to communicate the one or more cryptographic ignition keys to the host system to authenticate a user of the host system,
wherein the cryptographic ignition key and the data are transferred to the cryptographic ignition key device and the data memory of the removable data storage device, respectively, at a remote terminal, and
wherein once the user is authenticated at the host system, then the data from the removable data storage device is transferred to the host system.

US Pat. No. 10,116,445

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PROTECTED EXCHANGE OF DATA

1. A method for secure transmission of information between a source of information (A) and a destination of information device (B), the method comprising:an intermediary device (C) that interfaces between the source of information (A) and the destination of information device (B), wherein the intermediary device (C):
executes a secure comparison protocol based on whether a first value is above a threshold value, the intermediary device (C) executing the secure comparison protocol with the source of information (A) associated with a user device (U), in order to provide an encrypted comparison result, the encrypted comparison result being blinded by the source of information (A), and based on blinding information associated with the user device (U);
decrypts the blinded, encrypted comparison result to provide the blinded comparison result;
receives from the user device (U) a hash of a bit value and a first and second encrypted version of the bit value and a random number, which are encrypted with public encryption keys of the source of information (A) and the destination of information device (B), respectively;
sends the hash of the bit value and the first encrypted version of the bit value and the random number to the source of information (A), for blinding the comparison result with the bit value;
sends the hash of the bit value and the second encrypted version of the bit value and the random number to the destination of information device (B).

US Pat. No. 10,116,437

METHOD FOR PROTECTING DATA USED IN CLOUD COMPUTING WITH HOMOMORPHIC ENCRYPTION

Ingram Micro, Inc., Irvi...

1. A system for protected cloud computing to provide a cloud service, the system comprising:a computing device receiving encrypted data from a client; and
the cloud service implemented on the computing device performing fully homomorphic calculations for the client without decryption of the encrypted data and providing a result of the calculations to the client for decryption,
wherein:
a finite set of initial elements are generated on the client and are fully homomorphically encrypted into a set of k encrypted elements, such that all calculations on unencrypted elements correspond to the same calculations on encrypted elements,
the k encrypted elements belong to the finite set of the initial elements and each of the n encrypted elements has only one corresponding initial element, and
the initial elements are encrypted using a secret key represented by a vector x?Zn, wherein Zn is a modulus over ring Z of integers;
for any element m that belongs to Z there is a randomly generated vector a?Zn, for which

the vector a?Zn is used as a public encryption key to calculate a scalar product (a, x) given the secret key x, wherein m is one of the k encrypted elements, and
wherein a multiplication of two vectors a results in a vector of dimension n.

US Pat. No. 10,116,436

TECHNIQUES FOR PREVENTING MEMORY TIMING ATTACKS

INTEL CORPORATION, Santa...

1. An apparatus, comprising:at least one memory comprising a shared memory and a system memory;
logic, at least a portion of the logic comprised in hardware coupled to the at least one shared memory, the logic to implement a memory monitor to:
determine a memory attack by an attacker application against a victim application using the shared memory, and
prevent the memory attack, the memory monitor to:
determine that victim data is being reloaded into the shared memory from the system memory,
store the victim data in a monitor memory,
flush shared memory data stored in the shared memory, and
write the victim data from the monitor memory to the shared memory.

US Pat. No. 10,116,426

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR FULL DUPLEX WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS

The Regents fo the Univer...

1. A method useful for full duplex radio communications, comprising:transmitting a training signal by a node in a radio network;
extracting a waveform from a version of the training signal obtained from a receive chain of the node;
generating a cancellation signal using the waveform;
applying the cancellation signal to the receive chain of the node; and
iteratively:
transmitting the training signal, at increased power compared to prior transmissions of the training signal, by the node in the radio network,
extracting a further waveform from a version of the training signal transmitted at increasing power obtained from the receive chain of the node,
generating a further cancellation signal using the further waveform and the cancellation signal, and
applying the further cancellation signal to the receive chain of the node.

US Pat. No. 10,116,420

ERROR RETRANSMISSION MECHANISM-COMPRISED METHODS, APPARATUSES AND SYSTEMS FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING VISIBLE LIGHT SIGNAL

KUANG-CHI INTELLIGENT PHO...

1. An error retransmission mechanism-comprised method for transmitting a visible light signal, comprising the following steps:during transmission of a visible light signal, when a photonic key executes signal transmission on an error sensitive level each time, reading, by the photonic key, an execution duration of the photonic key;
comparing the execution duration with a signal duration range;
when the execution duration does not fall within the signal duration range, performing, by the photonic key, signal retransmission; and
when the execution duration falls within the signal duration range, continuing, by the photonic key, signal transmission;
wherein the error sensitive level refers to a level having an abnormal duration that causes an identification error at a receive end.

US Pat. No. 10,116,418

JOINT FOUNTAIN CODING AND NETWORK CODING FOR LOSS-TOLERANT INFORMATION SPREADING

UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA RES...

1. A network system for increasing data throughput and decreasing transmission delay from a source node to a sink node via a relay node, the network system comprising:a source node configured to encode a plurality of data packets using rateless coding and transmit the plurality of data packets;
a relay node configured to:
receive at least one of the plurality of data packets from the source node, and
responsive to receiving a sufficient quantity of the plurality of data packets, regenerate, re-encode, and relay the plurality of data packets, wherein the relay node (1) uses intra-session network coding to re-encode a first set of data packets from the sufficient quantity of the plurality of data packets in the same batch of the same session, and (2) uses inter-session network coding to re-encode a second set of data packets from the sufficient quantity of the plurality of data packets destined to different next-hop nodes; and
a sink node configured to:
receive one or more of the plurality of data packets from the relay node, and
responsive to receiving the sufficient quantity of the plurality of data packets, regenerate and decode the plurality of data packets, wherein the sufficient quantity of the plurality of data packets comprises mixed data packets from at least two different flows.

US Pat. No. 10,116,410

OPTICAL TRANSMITTERS AND RECEIVERS USING POLARIZATION MULTIPLEXING

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. An optical transmitter, comprising:a laser having an output;
an optical beam splitter having an input coupled to the output of the laser and two outputs configured so as to produce first and second optical signals;
first and second optical intensity modulators having respective inputs coupled to the outputs of the optical beam splitter and configured to impress multi-level intensity modulation on the first and second optical signals, respectively, based on respective first and second information streams;
a phase modulator coupled in line with the second optical intensity modulator and configured to impress a multi-level phase modulation on the second optical signal, using a multi-level phase modulation signal derived from a third information stream; and
an optical beam combiner having first and second inputs coupled to receive the intensity-modulated first optical signal and the intensity-and-phase-modulated second optical signal, respectively, and configured to combine the intensity-modulated first optical signal and the intensity-and-phase-modulated second optical signal to produce a polarization-multiplexed optical signal for transmission;wherein the optical transmitter is configured so that the intensity-modulated first optical signal and the intensity-and-phase-modulated second optical signal in the polarization-multiplexed optical signal have first and second optical states of polarization, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,116,402

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING MODE SELF-ADAPTATION

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method for controller operations, the method comprising:collecting performance information about a communications system comprising a plurality of communications controllers;
determining a performance indicator from the performance information;
automatically switching an operating mode of the communications system from a first operating mode to a second operating mode in response to determining that the performance indicator meets a performance threshold, wherein the first operating mode comprises a non-inter-cell interference coordination (non-ICIC) mode, and wherein the second operating mode comprises an ICIC mode;
determining a frequency reuse mode for a first subset of communications controllers of the plurality of communications controllers in response to determining that the performance indicator meets the performance threshold;
applying the frequency reuse mode to the first subset of communications controllers; and
removing the frequency reuse mode from the first subset of communications controllers in response to a performance change being less than an expected threshold, the performance change being measured after applying the frequency reuse mode to the first subset of communications controllers.

US Pat. No. 10,116,392

CARRIER SUPPRESSED MULTI-LEVEL PULSE AMPLITUDE MODULATION

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A method for carrier suppressed multi-level pulse amplitude modulation, the method comprising:receiving input data for transmission over an optical network;
mapping the input data for M multi-levels of pulse amplitude modulation to generate modulation data, the modulation data including symbols at one of the M multi-levels that represent the input data according to a scaling, wherein the modulation data specify an alternating phase of 0 degrees and 180 degrees respectively for each successive symbol;
applying the modulation data to an optical modulator to pulse amplitude modulate the modulation data onto an optical wavelength to generate an output optical signal for transmission over the optical network.

US Pat. No. 10,116,386

METHODS FOR DETERMINING RECEIVER COUPLING EFFICIENCY, LINK MARGIN, AND LINK TOPOLOGY IN ACTIVE OPTICAL CABLES

SAMTEC, INC., New Albany...

1. A method of determining link topology of a communication system including channels connecting corresponding transmitters and receivers, each of the channels including a light source, a photodetector optically connected to the light source, and a transimpedance amplifier connected to an output of the photodetector, wherein the transimpedance amplifier squelches its output when optical power detected by the photodetector is below a threshold optical power, the method comprising:selecting a pattern of optical powers of the light sources in a test transmitter to be either above the threshold optical power or below the threshold optical power; and
determining which receiver is connected to the test transmitter by matching a pattern of squelched and non-squelched transimpedance amplifier outputs in the receiver with the pattern of optical powers of the light sources in the test transmitter.

US Pat. No. 10,116,385

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PILOT DATA DETECTION USING CORRELATION PEAK TRACKING

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method for detecting pilot data comprising:receiving an optical signal from an optical channel, the optical signal comprising a pilot signal, the pilot signal carrying the pilot data;
detecting, by an optical-to-electrical converter, the pilot signal in the optical signal; and
performing operations on the pilot signal including:
(i) for a bit of the pilot data: performing correlation operations on the pilot signal over a first set of frequency values and at a plurality of phases to produce a first set of correlation values, and obtaining from the first set of correlation values an initial maximum correlation peak for use in pilot data detection; and
(ii) for each bit of subsequent bits of the pilot data: performing correlation operations on the pilot signal over a second set of frequency values and at a plurality of phases to produce a second set of correlation values, and obtaining a subsequent maximum correlation peak from the second set of correlation values for use in the pilot data detection, wherein the subsequent maximum correlation peak is selected from correlation values, in the second set of correlation values, that were produced for phases within a window around and encompassing a phase of the initial maximum correlation peak.

US Pat. No. 10,116,384

REMOTE PROGRAMMING AND TROUBLESHOOTING OF PLUGGABLE OPTICAL TRANSCEIVERS

Integra Optics, Inc., La...

1. A method for remotely programming an optical pluggable module (OPM), the method performed by a computing device remote from the OPM, the method comprising:connecting to a network-enabled programmer, wherein the network-enabled programmer has an OPM coupled to the network-enabled programmer;
retrieving an OPM configuration from the OPM that is coupled to the network-enabled programmer;
performing a remote diagnostics process on the OPM;
downloading a configuration from the remote computing device to the network-enabled programmer; and
programming, via the network-enabled programmer, the configuration into the coupled OPM, wherein the programming the configuration includes selecting an OPM platform or selecting an optical channel.

US Pat. No. 10,116,372

INTERLEAVED TRAINING AND LIMITED FEEDBACK FOR MULTIPLE-ANTENNA SYSTEMS

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A method for improving wireless communication in a system having multiple transmitting antennas comprising:training one of a multiplicity of transmitting antennas of a transmitter;
feeding back channel state information (CSI) from a receiver to the one of the multiplicity of transmitting antennas;
improving the ability of the transmitter to transmit data to the receiver using the feedback CSI from the receiver; and
repeating training, feeding back CSI, and improving the ability of the transmitter to transmit data according to feedback CSI on another one of the multiplicity of transmitting antennas in a one-by-one interleaved fashion.

US Pat. No. 10,116,370

RADIO COMMUNICATION CONTROL METHOD AND RADIO COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

NTT DOCOMO, INC., Tokyo ...

1. A radio communication control method in a radio communication system, comprisinga transmitter device provided with
a precoder configured to carry out precoding by using a precoding matrix,
a transmit beamformer configured to carry out transmit beamforming, in which variation in phase and amplitude corresponding to a transmit beamforming (BF) weight matrix is imparted to signals after precoding has been executed, and
a number NT of transmission antennas for transmitting the signals subjected to the transmit beamforming, and
a receiver device provided with
a number NR of reception antennas for receiving signals that have been transmitted from the transmitter device and propagated through a space,
a receive beamformer configured to carry out receive beamforming, in which variation in phase and amplitude corresponding to a receive BF weight matrix is imparted to the signals received by the plurality of reception antennas, and
a postcoder configured to carry out, by using a postcoding matrix, postcoding on the signals that have been subjected to the analog receive beamforming,
the method comprising:
generating a receive BF output vector having a number NR of receive BF output components, by a number LR of receive beamforming circuits provided in the receive beamformer carrying out receive beamforming (NR/LR) times with respect to a received signal vector received by the number NR of the reception antennas;
calculating reception power for each of the NR receive BF output components; and
selecting the LR receive BF output components in decreasing order of reception power, and determining a suitable receive BF weight matrix including LR reception orthogonal BF weight vectors corresponding to the selected receive BF output components.

US Pat. No. 10,116,366

APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING BROADCAST SIGNALS, APPARATUS FOR RECEIVING BROADCAST SIGNALS, METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING BROADCAST SIGNALS AND METHOD FOR RECEIVING BROADCAST SIGNALS

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...


updating a kth parity bit by summing with a (k?1)th parity bit in the parity bits.

US Pat. No. 10,116,359

EXPLICIT BEAMFORMING IN A HIGH EFFICIENCY WIRELESS LOCAL AREA NETWORK

Marvell World Trade Ltd.,...

1. A method for beamforming training, the method comprising:receiving, at a first communication device from a second communication device via a communication channel, a plurality of training signals;
determining, at the first communication device based on the plurality of training signals, a plurality of channel matrices corresponding to a plurality of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) tones;
generating, at the first communication device based on the plurality of channel matrices, feedback information for the plurality of OFDM tones, the feedback information including (i) steering matrix information for the plurality of OFDM tones and (ii) additional phase information corresponding to respective ones of the plurality of OFDM tones, the additional phase information for reducing phase discontinuity across the OFDM tones in steered transmissions that are to be subsequently transmitted from the second communication device to the first communication device, wherein the additional phase information corresponding to a particular OFDM tone of the plurality of OFDM tones is determined based on only a particular channel matrix of the plurality of channel matrices, the particular channel matrix corresponding to the particular OFDM tone; and
transmitting the feedback information from the first communication device to the second communication device, the feedback information to be used by the second communication device to
construct, based on the steering matrix information included in the feedback information, a plurality of steering matrices corresponding to the plurality of OFDM tones, wherein the plurality of OFDM tones are spaced according to a first tone spacing corresponding to a first number of OFDM tones in an OFDM symbol,
compensate, using the additional phase information included in the feedback information, the plurality of steering matrices to reduce phase discontinuities between the OFDM tones, and
steer, using the compensated steering matrices, at least one transmission via the communication channel from the second communication device to the first communication device, wherein steering the at least one transmission includes using the compensated steering matrices to steer at least one OFDM symbol that corresponds to a second tone spacing corresponding to a second number of OFDM tones, wherein (i) the second tone spacing is smaller than the first tone spacing and (ii) the second number of OFDM tones is greater than the first number of OFDM tones.

US Pat. No. 10,116,350

CHANNEL ESTIMATION

Lantiq Deutschland GmbH, ...

1. A method, comprising:defining channel estimation sequences based on values of +1, ?1 and 0, and
using the channel estimation sequences for channel estimation in a communication system using a plurality of communication connections,
wherein the channel estimation sequences comprise a plurality of orthogonal sequences which are constructed based on inner orthogonal sequences and outer orthogonal sequences, and
wherein the channel estimation sequences are constructed such that the inner orthogonal sequences are used for estimating crosstalk between communication connections assigned to a same distribution point of said communication system, and wherein the outer orthogonal sequences are usable for estimating crosstalk between communication connections associated with different distribution points.

US Pat. No. 10,116,345

MULTIFUNCTIONAL PHONE CASE

1. A multifunctional electronic device case comprising:a poly-articulated hinge having opposed first and second ends, the poly-articulated hinge comprising a plurality of articulated hinge segments sequentially coupled together;
a body coupled to the first end of the poly-articulated hinge, wherein the body receives an electronic device;
a cover coupled to the second end of the poly-articulated hinge; and
a lens coupled to the cover, wherein rotating the cover with respect to the body positions the lens with respect to an electronic device screen, wherein the position of the lens with respect to the electronic device screen is self-maintaining in response to friction between the articulated hinge segments.

US Pat. No. 10,116,340

WIDEBAND LOW DISTORTION POWER AMPLIFIER

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A circuit comprising:a frequency oscillator for generating a fundamental signal frequency;
a frequency divider coupled to the frequency oscillator and configured to divide the fundamental signal frequency to generate one or more phases of the fundamental signal frequency;
a power amplifier coupled to the frequency divider, respective amplifier stages of the power amplifier configured to receive the fundamental signal frequency and the one or more phases; and
an output coupled to the respective amplifier stages of the power amplifier.

US Pat. No. 10,116,338

MEASURING TRANSDUCER SUPPLY UNIT, SYSTEM FOR USE IN AUTOMATION TECHNOLOGY, AND METHOD FOR OPERATING SUCH A SYSTEM

4. A system for use in automation technology, that comprises at least the following:a superordinate unit;
at least one field unit;
a measuring transducer supply unit for use in automation technology;
a first two-wire line, which connects said measuring transducer supply unit with said at least one filed unit;
a second two-wire line, which connects said measuring transducer supply unit with said superordinate unit;
a superordinate unit that is connected through said measuring transducer supply unit to a field unit via a two-wire line; and
a mobile terminal having a unit that corresponds to said radio module for said wireless communications connection, wherein:
said measuring transducer supply unit comprises at least: one switch; one radio module; and one circuit;
said radio module can be activated and de-activated by said switch; said circuit realizes the conversion of signals between signals of two-wire lines and signals of said radio unit, so that the minimum of one field unit that is connected to the measuring transducer supply unit via said first two-wire line can be operated by means of said radio module using a wireless communications connection; and
so that said at least one field unit can be operated via said mobile terminal by means of said wireless communications connection between said measuring transducer supply unit and said mobile terminal by means of the connection between said measuring transducer supply unit and said at least one field unit via said first two-wire line.

US Pat. No. 10,116,337

DECODING METHOD FOR CONVOLUTIONALLY CODED SIGNAL

MSTAR SEMICONDUCTOR, INC....

1. A decoding method for a convolutionally coded signal of a communication system pre-storing recursion state metrics for decoding sub-trellises resulting in accelerating iteration loop convergence and reducing bit error rates, the convolutionally coded signal comprising a trellis with steps, the decoding method comprising:determining a plurality of first sub-trellises from the trellis, and determining a corresponding step for each of the first sub-trellises, each corresponding step represented by a corresponding dividing line in the trellis, each dividing line distinct from the boundaries of all the first sub-trellises;
decoding the first sub-trellises to generate a plurality of state metrics;
storing a first record containing the plurality of state metrics generated prior to and subsequent to the corresponding steps;
determining a plurality of second sub-trellises from the trellis, the boundaries of each of the second sub-trellises being distinct and non-aligned with the boundaries of each of the first sub-trellises; and
decoding the second sub-trellises by utilizing the first record as an initial condition of the second sub-trellises.

US Pat. No. 10,116,336

ERROR CORRECTING CODE ADJUSTMENT FOR A DATA STORAGE DEVICE

SanDisk Technologies LLC,...

1. A data storage device comprising:a non-volatile memory; and
a controller coupled to the non-volatile memory, the controller configured to:
initiate a read operation to access information of a codeword stored in a word line on a silicon substrate of the non-volatile memory, the codeword comprising a user data portion and an error correcting code (ECC) portion, wherein the controller includes an ECC distributor configured to statistically distribute positions of ECC portions of codewords relative to positions of user data portions;
generate, during a decoding process associated with the read operation, a modified ECC portion corresponding to the user data portion in response to an error rate associated with the information satisfying a threshold; and
write at least one bit of the modified ECC portion to a location at the non-volatile memory, wherein a physical position of the location relative to the user data portion is set to substantially equally program storage elements at the non-volatile memory based on the statistically distributed positions of ECC portions of codewords relative to positions of user data portions.

US Pat. No. 10,116,334

REED-SOLOMON CODE ENCODER AND DECODER

XILINX, INC., San Jose, ...

1. An integrated circuit (IC), comprising:an encoder circuit includes:
an encoding input configured to receive an input message including one or more data symbols, each data symbol having a data symbol width of N bits, wherein N is a positive integer;
an encoding unit configured to perform Reed-Solomon encoding to the one or more data symbols to generate one or more coding symbols, wherein the Reed-Solomon encoding uses a Galois field having an order that is less than 2N, the encoding unit comprising a first Galois field arithmetic operator configured to perform multiplication operations and division operations on field elements of the Galois field by retrieving pre-computed values from a storage; and
an encoding output configured to provide a coded message including the one or more data symbols and the one or more coding symbols,
wherein the order of the Galois field is equal to 2M,
wherein M is greater than two and less than N,
wherein the storage comprises:
a multiplication lookup table to store pre-computed values for the multiplication operations; and
a division lookup table to store pre-computed values for the division operations;
wherein each of the multiplication lookup table and the division lookup table has a size of less than M*2M*2 bits.

US Pat. No. 10,116,329

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR COMPRESSION BASED TIERING

EMC IP HOLDING COMPANY LL...

1. A method comprising:evaluating a level of activity of a data set, wherein the evaluating the level of activity for a data set comprises evaluating a first lower level of activity for a first data set; and evaluating a second higher level of activity for a second data set;
selecting a compression algorithm according to the level of activity of the data set, wherein the selecting the compression algorithm according to the level of activity of the data set comprises selecting a first compression algorithm having a first higher compression ratio according to the first lower level of activity of the first data set; and selecting a second compression algorithm having a second lower compression ratio according to the second higher level of activity of the second data set;
compressing data of the data set according to the selected compression algorithm; and
storing the compressed data in a data storage system.

US Pat. No. 10,116,321

INBUILT THRESHOLD COMPARATOR

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A comparator comprising:a first input stage coupled to a first signal input and a first reference input, the first input stage coupled between a first node and a second node;
wherein the first input stage comprises:
a first transistor coupled between the first node and the second node, the gate of the first transistor being coupled to the first signal input; and
a second transistor coupled between the first node and the second node, the gate of the second transistor coupled to one of the first reference input;
a second input stage coupled to a second signal input and a second reference input, the second input stage coupled between a third node and the second node;
an output stage for generating at least one output signal in response to signals at the first and second signal inputs;
first switching circuitry coupled between the first node and the output stage, the first switching circuitry for coupling the first node to a fourth node in response to a reset signal;
second switching circuitry coupled between the third node and the output stage, the second switching circuitry for coupling the third node to a fifth node in response to the reset signal; and
a threshold voltage wherein the threshold voltage is proportional to a first value multiplied by a second value wherein the first value is equal to a width of the first transistor divided by a width of the second transistor and the second value is equal to a voltage of the first reference input minus a voltage of the second reference input.

US Pat. No. 10,116,320

PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION APPARATUS AND IMAGE CAPTURING SYSTEM

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A photoelectric conversion apparatus comprising:a pixel configured to output a pixel signal;
and
an analog-to-digital (AD) converter configured to perform AD conversion by comparing a ramp signal with the pixel signal, wherein
the photoelectric conversion apparatus has a first operation mode where an imaging sensitivity level is a first sensitivity level and a second operation mode where the imaging sensitivity level is a second sensitivity level different from the first sensitivity level,
in the first operation mode, the AD converter performs, in a case where the pixel signal is in a first signal level, AD conversion on the pixel signal using a first ramp signal having a first slope, and
the AD converter performs, in a case where the pixel signal is in a second signal level having an amplitude greater than an amplitude of the first signal level, AD conversion on the pixel signal using a second ramp signal having a second slope greater than the first slope,
in the second operation mode,
the AD converter performs, in a case where the pixel signal is in a third signal level, AD conversion on the pixel signal using a third ramp signal having a third slope, and
the AD converter performs, in a case where the pixel signal is in a fourth signal level having an amplitude greater than an amplitude of the third signal level, AD conversion on the pixel signal using a fourth ramp signal having a fourth slope greater than the third slope, and
the fourth slope differs from the first slope and the second slope.

US Pat. No. 10,116,319

RESISTIVE INTERPOLATION FOR AN AMPLIFIER ARRAY

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A circuit including a resistive interpolator, comprising:an input terminal to receive an input value;
an amplifier array, including
an amplifier stage with M amplifiers (M?2), each coupled to the input terminal to receive the input value;
a resistor interpolator configured to provide an interpolation order N (N?2), and including
an input row and at least a second row, each row comprising multiple interpolation resistors connected in series at nodes,
the input row including M driven nodes connected to a respective amplifier, and (N?1) interpolation nodes intermediate each of adjacent driven nodes, and
the input row connected in parallel to the second row, with at least some of the interpolation nodes of the first row connected to corresponding interpolation nodes of the second row;
the resistor interpolator including at least one multi-row interpolation cell, comprising:
in the input row, a driven node connected to first and second interpolation resistors connected between the driven node and respective adjacent first and second interpolation nodes;
in the second row, third and fourth interpolation resistors connected between respective third and fourth interpolation nodes and an intermediate fifth interpolation node;
the first and second interpolation nodes of the input row connected respectively to the third and fourth interpolation nodes of the second row.

US Pat. No. 10,116,318

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ASYNCHRONOUS CLOCK GENERATION FOR SUCCESSIVE APPROXIMATION ANALOG-TO-DIGITAL CONVERTER (SAR ADC)

Infinera Corporation, Su...

1. An analog-to-digital converter (ADC) comprising:a comparator;
a first logic gate, operatively coupled to the comparator, to generate a first output signal based on an output of the comparator;
a second logic gate, operatively coupled to the first logic gate, to generate a second output signal indicative of timing reference of bit conversion;
a first memory element, operatively coupled to the second logic gate, to generate a third output signal indicative of a current state of a bit that is input for the second logic gate;
a second memory element, operatively coupled to the second logic gate, to generate a plurality of next state bits,
wherein the second logic gate determines the second output signal based on the first output signal and the third output signal,
a third logic gate, operatively coupled to the comparator and the first logic gate, to generate an asynchronous comparator clock signal that controls a precharge operation and an evaluation operation of the comparator; and
a digital-to-analog converter (DAC), operatively coupled to the comparator and the second memory element, to generate a reference voltage based on the plurality of next state bits,
wherein the third output signal is determined based on an inverse signal of the asynchronous comparator clock signal.

US Pat. No. 10,116,317

SIGNAL GENERATOR WITH SELF-CALIBRATION

Iowa State University Res...

1. A signal generator comprising:a main digital-to-analog converter (DAC) providing a main DAC output signal with main DAC distortion;
a calibration DAC providing a calibration DAC output signal, which includes information about the main DAC distortion;
a summing buffer structure configured to sum the main DAC output signal and the calibration DAC output signal and provide a summing output signal, which corrects at least a portion of the main DAC distortion;
a two-path filter structure including a first filter path and a second filter path, wherein:
when the first filter path is conducted, the two-path structure is configured to provide a first filter output signal based on the summing output signal; and
when the second filter path is conducted, the two-path structure is configured to provide a second filter output signal based on the summing output signal;
an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) providing a first ADC output signal based on the first filter output signal and providing a second ADC output signal based on the second filter output signal; and
a control system coupled between the ADC and the calibration DAC, wherein:
the control system is configured to provide a calibration DAC input signal to the calibration DAC to update the calibration DAC output signal, wherein the updated calibration DAC output signal includes updated information about the main DAC distortion; and
the calibration DAC input signal is calculated from the first ADC output signal and the second ADC output signal.

US Pat. No. 10,116,315

SYSTEM-ON-A-CHIP CLOCK PHASE MANAGEMENT USING FRACTIONAL-N PLLS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A fractional-N phase-locked loop (PLL), comprising:a phase control circuit configured to begin a phase accumulation responsive to an identified edge of a reference clock signal, wherein the phase control circuit is configured to receive a trigger signal that identifies the identified edge of the reference clock signal;
a feedback divider configured to divide an output clock signal by an integer divisor that is adjusted responsive to the phase accumulation to form a divided feedback clock signal; and
an oscillator configured to drive the output clock signal at an output frequency responsive to a control signal so that the output clock signal is phase aligned with the reference clock signal.

US Pat. No. 10,116,305

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE FOR DISPLAY DRIVER IC STRUCTURE

Magnachip Semiconductor, ...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:a first transistor, a second transistor, and a third transistor formed on a semiconductor substrate, wherein
the first transistor comprises
a first gate insulator having a first thickness,
a first source region and a first drain region,
a pair of lightly doped drain (LDD) regions that are each shallower than the first source region and the first drain region, and
a first gate electrode,
the second transistor comprises
a second gate insulator having a second thickness that is thinner than the first thickness,
a second source region and a second drain region,
a pair of drift regions that encompass the second source region and the second drain region respectively, and
a second gate electrode, and
the third transistor comprises
a third gate insulator having the first thickness,
a third source region and a third drain region, and
a pair of drift regions that encompass the third source region and the third drain region respectively, and
a third gate electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,116,303

PARALLEL DEVICES HAVING BALANCED SWITCHING CURRENT AND POWER

VIRGINIA TECH INTELLECTUA...

1. A system comprising:a power source that provides electrical power;
two driving transistors disposed in parallel and receiving electrical power from the power source, wherein each of the two driving transistors includes a gate terminal, a source connection, and a kelvin source connection; and
a control voltage source having a first terminal and a second terminal, wherein:
the control voltage source provides a control signal to the two driving transistors to activate the two driving transistors,
the first terminal is connected to the gate terminal of a first of the two driving transistors via a common inductor and a first inductor,
the first terminal is connected to the gate terminal of a second of the two driving transistors via the common inductor and a second inductor, and
the second terminal is connected to the kelvin source connections of the two driving transistors;
wherein the kelvin source connections of the two driving transistors are inductively coupled.

US Pat. No. 10,116,296

SEMICONDUCTOR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

RENESAS ELECTRONICS CORPO...

1. An electronic device comprising:a power semiconductor device;
a first semiconductor integrated circuit device driving the power semiconductor device; and
a second semiconductor integrated circuit device controlling the first semiconductor integrated circuit device,
wherein the power semiconductor device comprises:
a terminal outputting drive current; and
a terminal outputting sense current,
wherein the first semiconductor integrated circuit device comprises:
a drive circuit driving the power semiconductor device;
an overcurrent detection circuit detecting overcurrent on the basis of the sense current; and
a temperature detection circuit detecting temperature of the power semiconductor device, and
wherein the second semiconductor integrated circuit device comprises:
a storage device storing a temperature characteristic of a current mirror ratio of the power semiconductor device;
a temperature detecting unit calculating temperature on the basis of an output of the temperature detection circuit; and
an overcurrent detection control unit controlling the overcurrent detection circuit on the basis of the temperature detected by the temperature detecting unit and the temperature characteristic of the current mirror ratio stored in the storage device.

US Pat. No. 10,116,292

IGBT GATE DRIVING CIRCUIT

Renesas Electronics Corpo...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a gate line connected to a gate terminal of a power device including a first terminal, a second terminal, and the gate terminal;
a plurality of first constant-current circuits connected between the gate line and a power supply line;
a plurality of second constant-current circuits connected between the gate line and a ground line;
a constant-current circuit selecting circuit configured to select a constant-current circuit to be activated from among the plurality of first constant-current circuits and the plurality of second constant-current circuits and output an activation instruction signal to the selected constant-current circuit;
a first comparator configured to change a level of a first voltage detection signal from a first logical level to a second logical level when a voltage at the gate terminal becomes higher than a first threshold voltage;
a second comparator configured to change a level of a second voltage detection signal from the first logical level to the second logical level when the voltage at the gate terminal becomes higher than a second threshold voltage; and
a gate mode setting circuit configured to control an on/off-state of the constant-current circuit selected by the constant-current circuit selecting circuit based on a gate control signal for controlling an on/off-state of the power device, the activation instruction signal, the first voltage detection signal, and the second voltage detection signal,
wherein the gate mode setting circuit controls the on/off-state of the constant-current circuit selected by the constant-current circuit selecting circuit in a first period in which the first and second voltage detection signals have different logical levels,
the gate mode setting circuit controls the on/off-state of the constant-current circuit selected by the constant-current circuit selecting circuit in a second period in which the first and second voltage detection signals have the same logical level and
the gate mode setting circuit increases a number of constant-current circuits controlled in an on-state in the second period compared to a number of constant-current circuits controlled in an on-state in the first period.

US Pat. No. 10,116,291

REVERSE CURRENT PROTECTION CIRCUIT

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A power interface subsystem for a battery-powered electronic system, comprising:a power transistor having: a source/drain path coupled between a battery terminal and an accessory terminal; and a gate; and
a reverse current protection circuit including:
an input differential amplifier stage, including first and second input legs, the first leg coupled to the battery terminal, the second leg coupled to the accessory terminal, the first leg including first and second transistors with their source/drain paths connected in series, the second leg including third and fourth transistors with their source/drain paths connected in series, and the first and third transistors having gates connected together at the drain of the second transistor;
first and second load devices coupled to the first and second input legs, respectively;
an offset voltage source, coupled to the input differential amplifier stage to cause an offset of a selected polarity between the first and second input legs;
a replica bias leg including: a replica load device; and first and second replica transistors having their source/drain paths connected in series between the battery terminal and the replica load device, the drain of the second replica transistor connected to gates of the first and second replica transistors and to gates of the second and fourth transistors; and
gate control circuitry coupled to apply a gate voltage to the power transistor responsive to a voltage at an output node at the second load device.

US Pat. No. 10,116,290

RF FRONTEND HAVING A WIDEBAND MM WAVE FREQUENCY DOUBLER

SPEEDLINK TECHNOLOGY INC....

1. A radio frequency (RF) integrated circuit, comprising:a RF transceiver to transmit and receive RF signals;
a frequency synthesizer coupled to the RF transceiver to perform frequency synthesis,
wherein the frequency synthesizer includes:
a local oscillator (LO) to generate a LO signal,
a frequency doubler circuit coupled to the LO to double a frequency of the LO signal, the frequency doubler circuit including:
a first field effect transistor having a first gate, a first source, and a first drain; and
a second field effect transistor having a second gate, a second source, and a second drain, wherein the first gate of the first field effect transistor and the second source of the second field effect transistor are driven by an input signal in a first phase, wherein the first source of the first field effect transistor and the second gate of the second field effect transistor are driven by the input signal in a second phase, wherein the first field effect transistor and the second field effect transistor are caused to switch based on the first phase and the second phase of the input signal respectively to generate an output signal at the first drain and the second drain having a frequency that is approximately double of the input signal.

US Pat. No. 10,116,285

INTEGRATION OF A REPLICA CIRCUIT AND A TRANSFORMER ABOVE A DIELECTRIC SUBSTRATE

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method comprising:forming a replica circuit above a surface of a glass-type material of a single dielectric substrate, wherein the replica circuit comprises a thin-film transistor (TFT) configured to function as a variable capacitor or a variable resistor;
forming a first inductor structure of a transformer above the surface of the glass-type material of the single dielectric substrate;
forming a second inductor structure of the transformer, the second inductor structure formed using a metal layer deposited above the first inductor structure; and
using the metal layer, forming one or more of a gate electrode of a transistor, a source electrode of the transistor, or a drain electrode of the transistor,
wherein the transformer is coupled to the replica circuit, and wherein the transformer is configured to facilitate an impedance match between the replica circuit and an antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,116,284

BRANCHING DEVICE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A branching device comprising:a switch including a common terminal, a first individual terminal, and a second individual terminal;
a fixed filter circuit connected to the first individual terminal and having a fixed pass band; and
a tunable filter circuit connected to the second individual terminal and having a tunable pass band, wherein
the fixed filter circuit includes a plurality of filters having different pass bands,
the pass bands of the plurality of filters correspond to frequency bands used in carrier aggregation,
if carrier aggregation is carried out, the common terminal is connected to the fixed filter circuit through the first individual terminal, and
if carrier aggregation is not carried out, the common terminal is connected to the tunable filter circuit through the second individual terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,116,282

MULTI-FUNCTION FREQUENCY CONTROL DEVICE

RAKON LIMITED, Auckland ...

1. A frequency control device, constructed as a single component, comprising at least three thermally coupled elements: a first resonating element whose resonant frequency is within the HF band or higher, a second resonating element whose resonant frequency is within the LF band or lower, and a temperature sensing element, and wherein, in addition to facilitating the generation of high frequency and low frequency signals, the said resonating elements allow, when used in conjunction with the said temperature sensing element, for high resolution determination of the said device's temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,116,281

POWER COMBINER/DIVIDER USING MUTUAL INDUCTANCE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A power divider circuit using a mutual inductance, comprising:a first primary inducing element having a first terminal connected with a first output port and a second terminal connected with a second primary inducing element;
the second primary inducing element having a first terminal connected with a second output port and a second terminal connected with the first primary inducing element and magnetically and mutually coupled with the first primary inducing element;
a first sub inducing element having a first terminal connected with an input port and a second terminal connected with the second terminal of the first primary inducing element and the second terminal of the second primary inducing element; and
an isolation network connected between the first output port and the second output port, wherein the first sub inducing element is magnetically and mutually coupled with each of the first primary inducing element and the second primary inducing element.

US Pat. No. 10,116,277

RADIO FREQUENCY POWER AMPLIFIER

NATIONAL CHI NAN UNIVERSI...

1. A radio frequency (RF) power amplifier comprising:a number (N) of amplifying stages, each receiving a respective RF input signal and outputting a respective RF output signal, where N?1;
when N?2, said amplifying stages being cascaded, and the respective RF output signal outputted by an nth one of said amplifying stages serving as the respective RF input signal received by an (n+1)th one of said amplifying stages, where 1?n?(N?1);
each of first to Mth ones of said amplifying stages including
a first amplifying module receiving a first RF to-be-amplified signal, and performing power amplification on the first RF to-be-amplified signal to generate the respective RF output signal and an RF inverted signal that is anti-phase with the first RF to-be-amplified signal,
an input module coupled to said first amplifying module, and receiving the respective RF input signal, and
a feedback module coupled to said first amplifying module and said input module, and receiving the respective RF output signal from said first amplifying module, said feedback module cooperating with said input module to provide, based on the respective RF input signal and the respective RF output signal, the first RF to-be-amplified signal for said first amplifying module, said feedback module cooperating with said first amplifying module to form a positive feedback loop that provides a loop gain which is less than one, a portion of the first RF to-be-amplified signal that is contributed by the respective RF output signal being anti-phase with the RF inverted signal,
where 1?M?N;
for each of said first to Mth ones of said amplifying stages, said first amplifying module including:
a transistor having a first terminal that provides the RF inverted signal, a second terminal that is grounded, and a control terminal that is coupled to said input module and said feedback module for receiving the first RF to-be-amplified signal therefrom;
a first inductor having a first terminal that is coupled to said feedback module and that provides the respective RF output signal, and a second terminal that is coupled to said first terminal of said transistor; and
a second inductor having a first terminal that is used to receive a supply voltage, and a second terminal that is coupled to said first terminal of said first inductor.

US Pat. No. 10,116,275

PHYSICAL QUANTITY DETECTION CIRCUIT, PHYSICAL QUANTITY DETECTION DEVICE, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, AND VEHICLE

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A physical quantity detection circuit comprising:a switched capacitor filter circuit having a first sample-and-hold circuit adapted to sample and hold a first signal, which is based on an output signal of a physical quantity detection element, an amplifier circuit to which an output signal of the first sample-and-hold circuit is input, and a first switched capacitor circuit to which a first output signal of the amplifier circuit is input, wherein an output signal of the first switched capacitor circuit is input to the amplifier circuit; and
an A/D conversion circuit adapted to perform an A/D conversion on an output signal of the switched capacitor filter circuit,
wherein the A/D conversion circuit performs the A/D conversion on a plurality of signals including an output signal of the switched capacitor filter circuit in a time-sharing manner.

US Pat. No. 10,116,269

DIFFERENTIAL AMPLIFIER WITH EXTENDED BANDWIDTH AND THD REDUCTION

INPHI CORPORATION, Santa...

1. A system comprising:an amplifier device comprising:
a first transistor comprising a first base terminal and a first collector terminal, the first base terminal being coupled to a first input;
a second transistor comprising a second base terminal and a second collector terminal, the second terminal base being coupled to a second input;
a first peaking inductor coupled to the first collector terminal;
a second peaking inductor coupled to the second collector terminal;
a third transistor comprising a third base terminal and a first emitter terminal, the first emitter terminal being coupled to the first peaking inductor;
a fourth transistor comprising a fourth base terminal and a second emitter terminal, the second emitter terminal being coupled to the second peaking inductor; and
a degeneration resistor coupled to the third base terminal and the fourth base terminal; and
a output proportional to an input, and the output coupled to the amplifier device.

US Pat. No. 10,116,259

INDUCTOR-ENCLOSED VOLTAGE-CONTROLLED OSCILLATORS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A frequency synthesizer, comprising:a first voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) circuit comprising a first inductor; and
a second VCO circuit comprising a second inductor, wherein at least a portion of the first VCO circuit is disposed inside a loop of the second inductor, wherein at least a portion of the second VCO circuit is disposed inside a loop of the first inductor, wherein the portion of the first VCO circuit comprises a negative active transconductance circuit and a varactor of the first VCO circuit, and wherein the portion of the second VCO circuit comprises a negative active transconductance circuit and a varactor of the second VCO circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,116,258

TEMPERATURE-STAGED THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE ENABLING LOW THERMAL EXERGY LOSS REFLUX BOILING IN FULL SPECTRUM SOLAR ENERGY SYSTEMS

CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF T...

1. A structure comprising:a photovoltaic module;
a reflux boiling chamber configured to store thermal energy, the reflux boiling chamber comprising a plurality of temperature staged thermal energy storage materials, each temperature staged thermal energy storage material comprising a porous phase change material and configured to operate at a different temperature range than the other temperature staged thermal energy storage materials in the plurality of temperature staged thermal energy storage materials, the reflux boiling chamber further configured to contain a working fluid;
a thermoacoustic heat engine;
an alternator connected to the thermoacoustic heat engine; and
a solar concentrator configured to concentrate sunlight towards the photovoltaic module and the reflux boiling chamber,
wherein the reflux boiling chamber is further configured to transfer the thermal energy to the thermoacoustic heat engine through the working fluid by cycling the working fluid between a liquid phase and a vapor phase.

US Pat. No. 10,116,250

AC-ROTARY-MACHINE CONTROL DEVICE AND ELECTRIC POWER-STEERING SYSTEM PROVIDED WITH AC-ROTARY-MACHINE CONTROL DEVICE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A controller for an AC rotary machine, which is configured to control the AC rotary machine based on an estimated resistance value of the AC rotary machine, the controller comprising:a temperature detector configured to detect an external temperature of the AC rotary machine, and to output the detected external temperature;
a resistance value estimator to estimate, based on the detected external temperature, an actual resistance value of the AC rotary machine, which changes depending on temperature of the AC rotary machine, and to output the estimated resistance value; and
a voltage supply configured to apply a voltage to an AC rotary machine based on the estimated resistance value,
wherein the resistance value estimator calculates a basic estimated resistance value, which is a sum of a first resistance value defined as a fixed value and a second resistance value that is proportional to the detected external temperature, and to calculate the estimated resistance value by adding an estimated resistance correction value to the basic estimated resistance value,
wherein the estimated resistance correction value comprises a negative value having an absolute value that is larger than a difference between a lower limit value of a resistance value error allowable range and a deviation estimate, and is smaller than an absolute value of the deviation estimate,
wherein the deviation estimate is a value set in advance as a lower limit of a range that is taken by a deviation obtained by subtracting the basic estimated resistance value from the actual resistance value, and
wherein the resistance value error allowable range comprises a range of a resistance value error that enables the AC rotary machine to be rotated smoothly.

US Pat. No. 10,116,249

REDUCED RIPPLE INVERTER FOR HYBRID DRIVE SYSTEMS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A powertrain comprising:a battery;
a wye wound electric machine coupled with an inverter; and
a controller configured to, responsive to an electrical connection between the battery and an AC grid that results in charging of the battery with energy from the AC grid, close a switch to connect a capacitor between a neutral terminal of the electric machine and a negative terminal of the inverter to absorb reactive power associated with the energy.

US Pat. No. 10,116,248

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPERATING A BRUSHLESS MOTOR

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A method for operating a brushless electric motor with an AC converter comprising three outputs that are allocated to the windings (U, V, W) of the electric motor, a respective power semiconductor switch arranged between each output of the AC converter and the windings (U, V, W) of the brushless electric motor, a plurality of supply voltage switches, a detection unit, a measuring unit, a motor position angle sensor, and a switch driver circuit connected to an output of the motor position angle sensor, the method comprising:detecting, by the detection unit, a defective switch of the plurality of supply voltage switches,
measuring, by the measuring unit, the voltage at the outputs of the AC converter,
determining, by the motor position angle sensor, the motor position angle (?), and
performing the following steps sequentially:
controlling all of the plurality of supply voltage switches to switch off following the detection of the defective switch so that power is no longer introduced into the windings (U, V, W) of the electric motor, and then
while all of the plurality of supply voltage switches are switched off, generating and directly applying, by the switch driver circuit in response to an output signal of the motor position angle sensor, control signals to control the power semiconductor switches to individually switch off in succession at previously defined motor position angles (?U, ?V, ?W) respectively, the previously defined motor position angles (?U, ?V, ?W) are defined to prevent electric current generated by rotation of the electric motor from flowing to the plurality of supply voltage switches.

US Pat. No. 10,116,247

INVERTER DRIVE DEVICE AND SEMICONDUCTOR MODULE

FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. An inverter drive device for driving a semiconductor switching element that controls an output current of an inverter, comprising:a drive circuit configured to apply a drive voltage to the semiconductor switching element, to thereby turn the semiconductor switching element on and off, the turning off of the semiconductor switching element causing a counter electromotive force to be generated therein;
a clamping diode configured to, upon the turning off of the semiconductor switching element, clamp a voltage of the generated counter electromotive force;
a voltage dividing resistor configured to detect a voltage that is proportional to a current flowing through the clamping diode when the clamping diode clamps the voltage of the counter electromotive force; and
an auxiliary drive circuit configured to generate a control voltage in accordance with the voltage detected by the voltage dividing resistor, and to apply the control voltage to the semiconductor switching element, to thereby turn the semiconductor switching element on.

US Pat. No. 10,116,246

ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION COMPRISING AN ELECTRICAL APPARATUS, A THREE-PHASE INVERTER AND A CONTROL DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING THE INVERTER, AND RELATED METHOD

SKF MAGNETIC MECHATRONICS...

1. An electrical installation comprising:a permanent-magnet synchronous motor comprising a rotation frequency for which the permanent-magnet synchronous motor produces a greatest rotational torque,
a three-phase inverter, and
a control device,
wherein the three-phase inverter generates a three-phase electrical current and supplies the permanent-magnet synchronous motor with the three-phase electrical current, the three-phase electrical current presenting a first frequency for operating the permanent-magnet synchronous motor, the three-phase electrical current also comprising an undesired frequency component presenting a second frequency, and the control device comprising:
a measurement module configured to measure a parameter of each phase of the three-phase electrical current, the measured parameters forming a measurement vector comprising a set of three numbers, each number being equal to currents of respective phases,
a first Clarke calculation module configured to calculate a Clarke transform of the measurement vector, the Clarke transform including a first vector containing two first values, the first vector being represented in a first basis of a two-dimensional vector space,
a command module for generating a control signal for controlling the three-phase inverter,
a first rotation module configured to generate a second vector containing two second values, the second vector being a representation of the first vector in a second basis of a two-dimensional vector space, the second basis rotating at the second frequency with respect to the first basis,
a first subtraction module configured to compare each second value to a corresponding first reference value for generating a corresponding first difference,
a second rotation module configured to generate a third vector containing two third values, the third vector being a representation of the first vector in a third basis of a two-dimensional vector space, the third basis rotating at the first frequency with respect to the first basis,
a second subtraction module configured to compare each third value to a corresponding second reference value for generating a corresponding second difference,
an identification module configured to calculate the second frequency from the first frequency,
a first integration module configured to calculate an integral of the second frequency, and
a second integration module configured to calculate an integral of the first frequency; wherein
the command module is configured to generate the control signal from the first differences and the second differences.

US Pat. No. 10,116,245

COMPRESSOR DRIVING DEVICE, COMPRESSOR INCLUDING THE SAME, AND REFRIGERATION CYCLE APPARATUS INCLUDING THE COMPRESSOR DRIVING DEVICE AND THE COMPRESSOR

PANASONIC APPLIANCES REFR...

1. A compressor driving device, comprising:a power conversion circuit that supplies power to an electric motor included in a compressor;
a drive circuit that drives the power conversion circuit according to a control signal;
a voltage detector that detects a voltage that is output to the electric motor;
a current detector that detects a current that is output to the electric motor; and
a controller,
wherein when a product of a detection value of the voltage detector and a detection value of the current detector is greater than a predetermined comparison value, the controller reduces a duty ratio of the control signal and cause the power supplied to the electric motor by the power conversion circuit to have a predetermined power level or less.

US Pat. No. 10,116,244

MOTOR DRIVING CIRCUIT AND METHOD PROVIDING SMOOTH RECOVERY FROM TRANSIENT POWER LOSS

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A method for driving a motor including a rotor driven by stator coils, the stator coils receiving drive signals controlled by a drive circuit, the method comprising recovering from a power supply glitch or transient by:deriving a signal from at most one Hall sensor that senses a magnetic field polarity of the rotor;
detecting whether the signal lacks a transition within a predetermined time period, and if so, determining that the rotor is not rotating;
detecting whether the signal includes multiple transitions separated by no more than the predetermined time period, and if so, determining that the rotor is rotating; and
if it is determined that the rotor is rotating:
determining duty cycle values for each of the stator coils based on timing of the multiple transitions; and
driving the motor by supplying the drive signals to the stator coils using said duty cycle values.

US Pat. No. 10,116,243

DETERMINING MOTOR POSITION WITH COMPLEMENTARY DRIVE AND DETECT AND SLIGHT MOVE

ALLEGRO MICROSYSTEMS, LLC...

1. A method of determining a position of a rotor in a three-phase motor having phase A, phase B, and phase C, comprising:determining first and second ones of sectors in which a first one of the magnetic poles of the rotor may be positioned, wherein the first and second ones of the sectors are oppositely located, by respectively driving phase pairs A-B, A-C, and B-C with complementary signals and examining a voltage of a floating one of the phases; and
applying torque to the motor by driving at least one phase pair with respective signals aligned in phase and unequal duty cycles to move the rotor a given amount from the rotor position in the first or second ones of the sectors for determining the position of the rotor.

US Pat. No. 10,116,242

INVERTER CONTROLLER AND MOTOR DRIVING SYSTEM

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. An inverter controller, comprising:an inverter circuit which drives a rotary device;
current detectors which detect current values output from the inverter circuit;
a current command value calculator which calculates current command values so that an output voltage generated by the rotary device based on a current output from the inverter circuit becomes equal to or more than a given value;
a voltage command value calculator which calculates voltage command values so that the current values become equal to the current command values; and
an estimator which estimates a rotational phase angle of the rotary device, based on the voltage command values and the current values,
wherein the current command value calculator calculates first current command values based on a torque command value and second current command values based on the torque command value and an estimated speed, respectively, determines whether the output voltage in accordance with the first current command values is lower than the given value, outputs the first current command values as the current command values when the output voltage in accordance with the first current command values is equal to or more than the given value, and outputs the second current command values as the current command values when the output voltage in accordance with the first current command values is lower than the given value.

US Pat. No. 10,116,241

MOTOR CONTROL DEVICE AND MOTOR CONTROL METHOD

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A motor control device for a vehicle which is provided with a motor as a power source, the motor control device comprising:a first torque limiter that performs clipping of a torque value with a first upper limit torque value, with respect to a torque command received from a vehicle controller, the torque command controlling a torque generated by the motor;
a motor revolution speed calculator that receives a resolver signal and calculates a motor revolution speed of the motor based on the resolver signal;
a torque ripple correction amount calculator that calculates a torque ripple correction amount for suppressing torque ripples generated in the motor, based on the torque command and the motor revolution speed;
an adder that subtracts the torque ripple correction amount from the torque value of the torque command subjected to the clipping with the first upper limit torque value;
a second torque limiter that performs clipping on the torque value output from the adder with a second upper limit torque value greater than the first upper limit torque value;
a carrier frequency correction amount calculator that calculates a carrier frequency correction amount for correcting a carrier frequency of a power converter for driving the motor, based on the torque ripple correction amount and the motor revolution speed, in order to reduce losses in the power converter caused by a torque ripple correction; and
a PWM modulator that corrects the carrier frequency based on the carrier frequency correction amount, calculates a drive signal for the power converter based on the corrected carrier frequency and the torque command which has the torque value subjected to the clipping with the second upper limit torque value, and supplies the drive signal to the power converter to drive the motor.

US Pat. No. 10,116,240

CONTROL DEVICE AND METHOD FOR JOINTLY CONTROLLING ASYNCHRONOUS MACHINES OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method (20) for jointly controlling asynchronous machines (2; 3) of a motor vehicle (1) comprising a first asynchronous machine (2) and a second asynchronous machine (3) for driving the motor vehicle (1); and an inverter (4) which is designed for supplying the first asynchronous machine (2) and the second asynchronous machine (3) with a common stator voltage (5) at a common stator frequency (6);wherein the method comprises the steps of:
sensing (21) a specified setpoint drive torque (11) of the motor vehicle (1) for a current driving situation of the motor vehicle (1); sensing (22) a first speed (7a) of the first asynchronous machine (2) and a second speed (7b) of the second asynchronous machine (3);
establishing (23) a permitted value range for a first drive torque (9a) of the first asynchronous machine (2) and a permitted value range for a second drive torque (9b) of the second asynchronous machine (3);
determining (24) a common operating strategy for the first asynchronous machine (2) and the second asynchronous machine (3) according to the specified setpoint torque (11) of the motor vehicle (1) with consideration for the sensed speeds (7a; 7b) and the established value ranges of the drive torques (9a; 9b) of the asynchronous machines (2; 3); and
controlling (25) the stator voltage (5) and the stator frequency (6) of the inverter (4) for setting the drive torques (9a; 9b) of the asynchronous machines (2; 3) according to the operating strategy.

US Pat. No. 10,116,239

SINGLE PHASE MOTOR ENERGY ECONOMIZER FOR REGULATING THE USE OF ELECTRICITY

Protective Energy Economi...

1. A system for reducing inrush loading when a source of electrical power is restored, the system comprising:means for switching the electrical power, the means for switching the electrical power selectively connecting a load to the source of the electrical power;
means for measuring the AC voltage potential at the source of the electrical power;
means for determining when the AC voltage potential is within an operating range; and
responsive to the AC voltage potential being within the operating range, the system delays for a time period then connects the load to the source of the electrical power by way of the means for switching the electrical power.

US Pat. No. 10,116,238

POWER GRID FREQUENCY FLEXIBLE OPERATION SYSTEM AND METHOD USING THE SAME

Korea University Research...

1. A power grid frequency flexible operation system, comprising:a generating unit which includes a base-load unit and a peak-load unit and generates first alternating current (AC) power;
a high-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission unit which receives the first alternating current (AC) power generated by the generating unit and transmits second alternating current (AC) power;
a first load; and
a second load,
wherein the high-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission unit comprises:
a converter which transforms the first alternating current (AC) power generated by the generating unit to direct current (DC) power;
an inverter which is connected to the converter and transforms the direct current (DC) power to the second alternating current (AC) power,
wherein a frequency of the first alternating current (AC) power has a first frequency variation allowance range,
wherein a frequency of the second alternating current (AC) power has a second frequency variation allowance range,
wherein the first frequency variation allowance range of the frequency of the first alternating current (AC) power generated by the generating unit is larger than the second frequency variation allowance range of the frequency of the second alternating current (AC) power,
wherein the second load requires a power having a higher quality than a quality of a power required by the first load,
wherein the first load is supplied with the first alternating current (AC) power having the first frequency variation allowance range larger than the second frequency variation allowance range,
wherein the second load is supplied with the second alternating current (AC) power having the second frequency variation allowance range, and
wherein the first frequency variation allowance range of the first alternating current (AC) power is from ?0.5 Hz to +0.5 Hz on a 60 Hz standard, and the second frequency variation allowance range of the second alternating current (AC) power is from ?0.2 Hz to +0.2 Hz on the 60 Hz standard.

US Pat. No. 10,116,237

INVERTER DEVICE AND CONTROLLING METHOD THEREOF

Huang-Jen Chiu, New Taip...

1. An inverter device electrically connected to a direct current source, comprising:a first stage circuit electrically connected to the direct current source and comprising a first switch module and a charge-discharge module, wherein the first switch module is electrically connected to the charge-discharge module;
a second stage circuit electrically connected to the first stage circuit and an AC output terminal and comprising a second switch module and a filter module, wherein the second switch module is electrically connected to the filter module; and
a control module electrically connected to the first switch module and the second switch module, and outputting a first control signal for controlling the first switch module to turn on/off and a second control signal for controlling the second switch module to turn on/off;
wherein the control module obtains an input current from the first stage circuit, the control module determines a predetermined current value with a varied capacitor voltage of a capacitor included in the charge-discharge module and adjusts the input current to be approaching to the predetermined current value, and the control module obtains an output power from the AC output terminal and adjusts the duty cycle of the first control signal according to the output power and a predetermined output power.

US Pat. No. 10,116,236

ISOLATED SWITCHING MODE POWER SUPPLY WITH MESSAGE CONTROL BETWEEN SR AND PRIMARY SIDE, AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

Sync Power Corp., Taipei...

1. An isolated switching mode power supply, comprising:a primary side circuit, comprising:
a primary-side controller; and
an additional winding coupled to the primary-side controller; and
a secondary side circuit coupled to the primary side circuit, the secondary side circuit comprising:
a secondary winding coupled to the primary side circuit;
a secondary switch coupled to the secondary winding; and
a synchronous rectifier (SR) controller coupled to the secondary winding and the secondary switch,
wherein the SR controller is configured to turn off the secondary switch to trigger the secondary winding to feed back a first message to the primary side circuit; and
the primary-side controller enables the primary side circuit to transfer energy to the secondary side circuit if the primary-side controller detects the first message from the additional winding, the first message is a voltage change occurring on the additional winding of the primary side circuit, the first message is a voltage increment in an operating duration of the secondary side circuit, the operating duration represents a time interval between a timing point when a primary switch of the primary side circuit is turned off and a timing point when a current of the secondary winding reaches zero, and the additional winding is configured for receiving the first message through inducing the secondary winding.

US Pat. No. 10,116,234

DC/AC CONVERTER COMPRISING CONTROL MEANS FOR INRUSH CURRENT PROTECTION

ABB Schweiz AG, Baden (C...

1. An apparatus for converting a DC input voltage into an AC voltage comprising:a DC/AC converter adapted to convert the voltage of a DC voltage source into an AC voltage for supplying a load and for delivering to a utility grid;
a filter interposed between the output of said DC/AC converter and the grid and adapted to remove high frequency ripple from said AC voltage;
a controller adapted to manage and regulate the operation of said DC/AC Converter said controller comprising a voltage controller and a current controller, said voltage controller being adapted to provide the current reference value (IRef) for said current controller based on the level of the input DC voltage available, said current controller being adapted to regulate the current injected into the grid, wherein
said current controller comprises a primary current controller and a secondary current controller and in that
said controller further comprises:
means for detecting the presence of inrush current on the output of said DC/AC converter;
means for transferring the control between said primary current controller and said secondary current controller after an inrush transient is detected, said secondary current controller being faster than said primary current controller and working with a reduced current reference (IRef) with respect to the current reference (IRef) of said primary current controller before the transient.

US Pat. No. 10,116,233

HYBRID FULL BRIDGE-VOLTAGE DOUBLER RECTIFIER AND SINGLE STAGE LLC CONVERTER THEREOF

1. A hybrid full bridge-voltage doubler (FB-VD) rectifier, comprising:first and second AC input terminals;
first and second DC output terminals;
a plurality of diodes;
one switch having a first terminal connected to the second AC input terminal;
first and second capacitors connected in series between the first and second DC output terminals, a common point between the first and second capacitors being connected to a second terminal of the switch, the second capacitor being connected in parallel with one of the diodes;
wherein the hybrid FB-VD rectifier operates according to at least first and second working modes corresponding to positive and negative portions, respectively, of a low AC input voltage, the first working mode including the switch conducting in a first direction, the first capacitor charging, and the second capacitor discharging to supply a load, and the second working mode including the switch conducting in a second direction, the second capacitor charging, and the first capacitor discharging to supply the load;
wherein, for a high AC input voltage, the switch is not active and only a body diode of the switch conducts during a positive half cycle of the high AC input voltage to charge the first capacitor;
wherein the high AC input voltage is twice the low AC input voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,116,232

COLLOCATION OF RADIATION GENERATOR COMPONENTS FOR LIMITED-SPACE DEVICES

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A compact radiation generator for use in a downhole well-logging tool, the compact radiation generator comprising:a housing comprising a cavity and an axis down a length of the housing;
a linear acceleration tube in the cavity that generates radiation when supplied with a sufficiently high voltage; and
a first voltage multiplier ladder in the cavity configured to supply the sufficiently high voltage to the acceleration tube, wherein the first voltage multiplier ladder comprises a first linear part and a second linear part, wherein the first linear part is electrically coupled to and receives power from a transformer and is disposed parallel to the axis of the compact radiation generator and collocated with the second linear part, wherein the first linear part and the second linear part of the first voltage multiplier ladder are connected to one another at a turnover point that is electrically partway through the first voltage multiplier ladder, wherein the transformer is collocated at a same position along the axis as at least a portion of the second linear part or a portion of the acceleration tube.

US Pat. No. 10,116,231

DIGITAL CURRENT-SHARING LOOP DESIGN OF PSUS TO ENSURE OUTPUT VOLTAGE REGULATION DURING DYNAMIC LOAD TRANSIENTS

Dell Products, L.P., Rou...

1. An Information Handling System (IHS) comprising:a power consuming component that requires electrical power to operate;
a power interconnect; and
more than one power supply unit (PSU) connected in parallel via the power interconnect to convert alternating current (AC) electrical power, received from a power source, into voltage regulated, shared direct current (DC) electrical power, provided at a shared current output, the more than one PSU having master-slave current sharing control to provide shared DC electrical power based in part on a shared current signal carried on the power interconnect, the shared current signal having a delay;
wherein each PSU of the more than one PSU comprises:
an output amplifier electrically connected to the shared current output and that produces respective local DC electrical power;
an internal current sensor that measures the local DC electrical power and provides a local current signal representing the magnitude of the local DC electrical power;
a master control unit (MCU) in communication with the power interconnect, the internal current sensor, and the output amplifier, and which:
delays the internal current signal to match the delay in the shared current signal; and
controls the output amplifier based on the shared current signal and the delayed local current signal to maintain the respective, local DC electrical power in proportion to contributions by other PSUs to the shared DC electrical power and thereby avoid instability in dynamic response to a load transient induced by the power consuming component;
wherein the MCU delays the local current signal by averaging the local current signal over an adjustable time period that is set to match the delay in the shared current signal.

US Pat. No. 10,116,224

SWITCHING POWER CONVERTER CIRCUIT

Northrop Grumman Systems ...

1. A switching power converter circuit comprising:a gate driver configured to generate at least one switching signal in response to a feedback signal;
a feedback stage configured to generate the feedback signal based on an amplitude of an output voltage at an output; and
a power stage comprising at least one switch and a transformer, the at least one switch being controlled via the respective at least one switching signal to provide a primary current through a primary winding of the transformer to induce a secondary current through a secondary winding of the transformer to generate the output voltage, the power stage further comprising a self-driven synchronous rectifier stage coupled to the secondary winding to conduct the secondary current from a low voltage rail through the secondary winding, the self-driven synchronous rectifier stage comprises:
a first transistor interconnecting a first end of the secondary winding and the low voltage rail and being configured to conduct the secondary current from the low voltage rail through a first portion of the secondary winding when activated during a first switching phase; and
a second transistor interconnecting a second end of the secondary winding and the low voltage rail and being configured to conduct the secondary current from the low voltage rail through a second portion of the secondary winding when activated during a second switching phase.

US Pat. No. 10,116,223

SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS CAPABLE OF ACHIEVING SOFT SWITCHING OPERATION

COSEL CO., LTD., Toyama ...

1. A switching power supply apparatus comprising:a primary-side circuit and a secondary-side circuit, the primary-side circuit being a synchronous rectification step-up or step-down chopper circuit configured by a series circuit including a main switching element and a choke coil connected in parallel with an input power supply and by a series circuit including a buffer capacitor and a commutation element connected in parallel with the choke coil, and the secondary-side circuit being configured by a series circuit including a second winding of the choke coil, a rectifying element and an output capacitor, an output electric power being obtained from both ends of the output capacitor; and
a switching control circuit including a first deadtime generation circuit and a second deadtime generation circuit configured to complementarily turn the main switching element and the commutation element ON and OFF with a predetermined switching frequency by providing a deadtime,
wherein the first deadtime generation circuit in the switching control circuit is a delay circuit for delaying an ON-duty of the main switching element by a predetermined time, and controls ON and OFF of the main switching element by outputting a control signal based on a PWM signal which is generated from a pulse signal of a switching frequency oscillation circuit which determines the predetermined switching frequency to generate a predetermined first deadtime,
the second deadtime generation circuit synchronizes frequencies of the switching frequency oscillation circuit and an oscillation circuit in the second deadtime generation circuit, and outputs a pulse signal from the switching frequency oscillation circuit which determines the predetermined switching frequency immediately before a pulse signal of the oscillation circuit in the second deadtime generation circuit to generate a predetermined second deadtime, and
the choke coil has an inductance set to have a value so that a current flowing through the choke coil flows in both of a positive direction and a negative direction in one cycle of switching when an output current of the switching power supply apparatus is equal to or smaller than a predetermined rated value.

US Pat. No. 10,116,222

SOFT SWITCHING FLYBACK CONVERTER WITH PRIMARY CONTROL

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A flyback converter, comprising:a transformer, including:
a primary winding, including a first end to receive an input voltage signal, and a second end, and
a secondary winding, including a first end to provide an output voltage signal, and a second end;
a first switch, including a first terminal coupled with the second end of the primary winding, a second terminal coupled with a first constant voltage node, and a first control terminal to receive a first switching control signal;
a second switch, including a first terminal coupled with the second end of the secondary winding, a second terminal coupled with a second constant voltage node, and a second control terminal to receive a second switching control signal;
a first control circuit to provide the first switching control signal to turn on the first switch for a non-zero first time period in a converter cycle to allow current to flow in a first direction in the primary winding in response to a first switch voltage across the first switch transitioning below a first threshold; and
a second control circuit to provide the second switching control signal to turn on the second switch for a non-zero second time period following the first time period in the converter cycle, the second control circuit operative to provide the second switching control signal to again turn on the second switch for a non-zero third time period in the converter cycle in response to a second switch voltage across the second switch transitioning below a second threshold to cause current flow in a second direction in the primary winding to at least partially discharge a capacitance of the first switch to cause the first switch voltage to transition below the first threshold to initiate a subsequent converter cycle and allow the first switch to operate at or near a zero-voltage switching (ZVS) condition.

US Pat. No. 10,116,218

POWER CONVERTER WITH CLAMPING CIRCUIT FOR OVERVOLTAGE PROTECTION

SILANNA ASIA PTE LTD, Si...

1. A method to control a power converter comprising:regulating an output using a switching circuit that responds to a first control signal;
comparing a feedback voltage from the output to a reference voltage using an error amplifier to create an error voltage;
comparing the error voltage to a ramp voltage from a periodic ramp signal using a comparator to create a pulse width modulated signal, wherein the pulse width modulated signal is used in combination with the switching circuit to regulate the output;
clamping the error voltage, using a clamping circuit, if the error voltage drops below a lowest value for the periodic ramp signal while the power converter is regulating a load and the switching circuit is not in a tristate;
unclamping the error voltage, using the clamping circuit, if the error voltage rises above the lowest value for the periodic ramp signal while the power converter is regulating the load and the switching circuit is not in the tristate;
transitioning the switching circuit into the tristate wherein the output floats; and
generating a second control signal to pull the switching circuit out of the tristate using the clamping circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,116,217

DIGITAL AVERAGE INPUT CURRENT CONTROL IN POWER CONVERTER

Solaredge Technologies Lt...

1. A method comprising:predicting an inductor current based on at least one of a sampled inductor current, a sampled input voltage, or a sampled output voltage;
controlling a duty cycle based on the predicted inductor current to cause an input current of a converter to approach a particular input current; and
switching the converter from a buck-boost mode to a boost mode in response to determining that the duty cycle has been above a threshold for more than a plurality of consecutive switching cycles.

US Pat. No. 10,116,213

SEMICONDUCTOR MODULE AND ELECTRIC POWER CONVERSION APPARATUS

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An electric power conversion apparatus comprising:an IGBT made of a silicon semiconductor; and
a MOSFET made of a wide-bandgap semiconductor having a wider bandgap than the silicon semiconductor,
wherein
the IGBT and the MOSFET are connected in parallel to each other to form a semiconductor element pair,
a surface area of the IGBT is greater than a surface area of the MOSFET,
in a low-temperature state in which temperature of the semiconductor element pair is lower than in a high-temperature state, on-resistance of the MOSFET is lower than on-resistance of the IGBT at a given electric current, and
in the high-temperature state in which the temperature of the semiconductor element pair is higher than in the low-temperature state, the on-resistance of the IGBT is lower than the on-resistance of the MOSFET at the given electric current.

US Pat. No. 10,116,205

POWER CONVERSION DEVICE AND REFRIGERATING AND AIR-CONDITIONING APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A power conversion device configured to convert electric power from a power source to a load, comprising:a voltage changing device including a rectification unit configured to prevent backflow of a current from a side of the load to a side of the power source, the voltage changing device being configured to change a voltage of power from the power source to a predetermined voltage;
a commutation device configured to perform commutation operation in which a current flowing through the voltage changing device is caused to flow into an other path;
a controller that outputs a master operational signal that includes an on edge and an off edge, the on edge and the off edge are separated by an on-pulse width that defines a predetermined on period of the master operational signal; and
a signal generating module device that receives the master operational signal as an input command signal from the controller to put the voltage changing device and the commutation device into or out of operation during the on period of the master operational signal, and that outputs both a drive signal for running the voltage changing device and a commutation signal for running the commutation device that only turn on during the predetermined on period of the master operational signal, wherein
the on pulse width of the master operational signal is greater than a length of time where the drive signal generated by the signal generating module device is turned on and greater than a length of time where the commutation signal generated by the signal generating module device is turned on, which only turn on between the on edge and the off edge of the predetermined on period of the master operational signal.

US Pat. No. 10,116,204

DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER INTERFACE APPARATUS AND METHODS

Gridbridge, Inc., Raleig...

1. An apparatus comprising:at least one external source terminal configured to be connected to at least one secondary terminal of a distribution transformer;
at least one external load terminal configured to be connected to a load;
a shunt converter circuit having a first port coupled to the at least one external source terminal to provide parallel connection to a secondary winding of the distribution transformer, wherein the distribution transformer is not coupled to the at least one external source terminal via a shunt transformer;
a series converter circuit having a first port coupled to the at least one external load terminal and a second port coupled to a second port of the shunt converter circuit, and
wherein the apparatus is independent of the distribution transformer.

US Pat. No. 10,116,202

ADAPTIVE CLAMPING CIRCUITRY

Fairchild Semiconductor C...

1. A power supply system, comprising:a primary side circuitry and a secondary side circuitry to generate an output voltage from an input voltage, at least the secondary side circuitry comprising a plurality of switches; and
adaptive clamping circuitry to generate at least one of an adjustable clamping current or voltage based on a result of a comparison of the input voltage to a plurality of threshold voltages to prevent a switch voltage for the plurality of switches from exceeding a drain-source (Vds) breakdown voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,116,195

DISPLACEMENT DEVICES AND METHODS FOR FABRICATION, USE AND CONTROL OF SAME

The University of British...

1. A displacement device comprising:a stator comprising a plurality of electrically conductive coils, the plurality of electrically conductive coils shaped to provide:
a first plurality of coil traces generally elongated in a stator-x direction and distributed over at least a first portion of a first layer;
a second plurality of coil traces generally elongated in a stator-y direction and distributed over at least a second portion of a second layer, the stator-y direction non-parallel to the stator-x direction;
the first and second portions of the first and second layers overlapping one another in a stator-z direction, the stator-z direction generally orthogonal to both the stator-x direction and the stator-y direction;
a moveable stage comprising one or more magnet arrays, the moveable stage moveable relative to the stator within a two-dimensional working region, the one or more magnet arrays comprising a first magnet array, the first magnet array comprising a plurality of first magnetization segments, each first magnetization segment having a corresponding first magnetization direction;
one or more amplifiers connected to drive a plurality of currents in the plurality of electrically conductive coils;
a controller connected to deliver signals to the one or more amplifiers and configured, by using such signals, to control the currents driven by the one or more amplifiers and to thereby cause the moveable stage to track a desired position, (xr,yr), within the working region, where xr is a desired position of the moveable stage in the stator-x direction in the working region and yr is a desired position of the moveable stage in the stator-y direction in the working region;wherein:the controller is configured to control the currents driven by the one or more amplifiers to drive first currents, ix, in at least some of the first plurality of coil traces and to drive second currents, iy, in at least some of the second plurality of coil traces;
the first currents, ix, comprise a plurality of first current phases, ikx, each first current phase, ikx, driven into a corresponding one of the at least some of the first plurality of coil traces and phase-adjacent first current phases driven into spatially adjacent ones of the at least some of the first plurality of coil traces, where:
k is an integer from 0 to np?1 representing a first phase index; and
np is a number greater than or equal to two of different effective phases in the first currents, ix;
each first current phase, ikx, is determined based on a function F(yr), where F(yr) is a spatially periodic function of yr in the stator-y direction over the working region, with a first spatial period, ?1;
each first current phase, ikx, in a particular one of the at least some of the first plurality of coil traces is out of phase, as a function of yr, with one or more phase-adjacent first current phases in one or more spatially adjacent ones of the at least some of the first plurality of coil traces by a first spatial phase difference

the second currents, iy, comprise a plurality of second current phases, ijy, each second current phase, ijy, driven into a corresponding one of the at least some of the second plurality of coil traces and phase-adjacent second current phases driven into spatially adjacent ones of the at least some of the second plurality of coil traces, where:
j is an integer from 0 to mp?1 representing a second phase index; and
mp is a number greater than or equal to two of different effective phases in the second currents, iy;
each second current phase, ijy, is determined based on a function G(xr), where G(xr) is a spatially periodic function of xr in the stator-x direction over the working region, with a second spatial period, ?2; and
each second current phase, ijy, in a particular one of the at least some of the second plurality of coil traces is out of phase, as a function of xr, with one or more phase-adjacent second current phases in one or more spatially adjacent ones of the at least some of the second plurality of coil traces by a second spatial phase difference

US Pat. No. 10,116,168

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMITTER DEVICE AND WIRELESS POWER RECEIVER DEVICE

HTC Corporation, Taoyuan...

1. A wireless power transmitter device comprising:a transmitter circuit configured to generate a transmitting current;
a transmitter coil electrically connected to the transmitter circuit, wherein the transmitter coil is configured to receive the transmitting current to generate an electromagnetic field to induce a receiving current in a wireless power receiver device;
a transmitter communication unit to receive a report of a received power of the wireless power receiver device therefrom; and
a transmitter control unit electrically connected to the transmitter circuit, the transmitter coil, and the transmitter communication unit, wherein the transmitter control unit is configured to receive the report of the received power from the transmitter communication unit and determine whether a frequency splitting phenomena occurs according to the received power,
wherein the transmitter circuit comprises a plurality of component groups each comprising a plurality of circuit components having different component values and a plurality of selecting circuits each corresponds to one of the component groups;
wherein the transmitter control unit adjusts the configuration of the transmitter circuit by controlling the selecting circuits to select one of the circuit components within each of the component groups to be activated in the transmitter circuit,
wherein when the frequency splitting phenomena occurs, the transmitter control unit adjusts at least one of a configuration of the transmitter coil and a configuration of the transmitter circuit or adjusts a transmitting frequency of the transmitting current.

US Pat. No. 10,116,160

CHARGING CIRCUIT, AN INDUCTIVE LOAD CONTROL CIRCUIT, AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE, A VEHICLE AND A METHOD OF CHARGING A BOOTSTRAP STORAGE ELEMENT

NXP USA, Inc., Austin, T...

1. A charging circuit for a bootstrap charge storage element, the charging circuit comprising:a switch arrangement, configured to connect between a voltage source and the bootstrap charge storage element, wherein
the switch arrangement comprises a first switch and a second switch connected in series, and
said switch arrangement is arranged to allow charging current to flow from the voltage source through the first and second switches to the bootstrap charge storage element to allow the bootstrap charge storage element to charge while both of the first and second switches are turned on;
the first switch comprising a first reverse bias element in parallel to current terminals of the first switch, wherein said first reverse bias element is arranged to prevent current flow from the power supply to the bootstrap charge storage element when the first switch is turned off;
the second switch comprising a second reverse bias element in parallel to current terminals of the second switch, wherein the second reverse bias element is arranged to prevent current flow from the bootstrap charge storage element to the voltage source when the second switch is turned off;
a charge pump coupled to a control terminal of the second switch; and
a control arrangement coupled to the second switch and arranged to prevent turning on of the second switch while the first switch is turned off.

US Pat. No. 10,116,155

BATTERY CHARGING CIRCUIT WITH HIGH CAPACITY, CONTROL CIRCUIT AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL METHOD

Chengdu Monolithic Power ...

1. A battery charging circuit, having an input terminal configured to receive an input voltage and an output terminal configured to provide a system voltage, the battery charging circuit comprising:a first switching circuit, having a first terminal and a second terminal, wherein the first switching circuit comprises a first switch, the first terminal of the first switching circuit is coupled to the input terminal of the battery charging circuit, the second terminal of the first switching circuit is coupled to the output terminal of the battery charging circuit;
a second switching circuit, comprising a second switch, wherein the second switching circuit and the first switching circuit are coupled in parallel between the input terminal and the output terminal of the battery charging circuit;
a plurality of feedback control loops, configured to provide a plurality of feedback control signals, wherein each feedback control loop receives a feedback signal, a ramp signal and a reference signal, wherein the plurality of feedback control signals are configured to turn off one of the first switching circuit and the second switching circuit;
a logic integrated circuit, coupled to the plurality of feedback control loops to receive the plurality of feedback control signals, and configured to provide a logic integrated signal based on the plurality of feedback control signals;
a frequency dividing circuit, coupled to the logic integrated circuit to receive the logic integrated signal, and configured to divide the logic integrated signal's pulse into two sequences orderly, wherein one sequence is configured to form a first frequency dividing signal, and the other sequence is configured to form a second frequency dividing signal;
a first duration control circuit, configured to receive a first duration control signal and configured to provide a first duration signal, wherein the first duration signal is adjustable in real-time;
a second duration control circuit, configured to receive a second duration control signal and configured to provide a second duration signal, wherein the second duration signal is adjustable in real-time;
a first logic circuit, configured to receive the first frequency dividing signal and the first duration signal, and configured to provide a first switching control signal to control the first switch of the first switching circuit, wherein the first logic circuit is configured to control an off moment of the first switch according to the first frequency dividing signal, and configured to control an off duration of the first switch according to the first duration signal; and
a second logic circuit, configured to receive the second frequency dividing signal and the second duration signal, and configured to provide a second switching control signal to control the second switch of the second switching circuit, wherein the second logic circuit is configured to control an off moment of the second switch according to the second frequency dividing signal, and configured to control an off duration of the second switch according to the second duration signal.

US Pat. No. 10,116,154

BATTERY PACK

SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD., Y...

9. A battery pack, comprising:a battery including at least one battery cell;
a main switch connected between a first node and a second node, the first node connected to the battery, the second node connected to an external terminal;
a first diode connector connected between the first node and a third node;
a second diode connector connected between the second node and the third node;
a controller to manage the battery and to control the main switch;
a voltage converter to convert a voltage of the third node to a driving voltage of the controller and to supply the driving voltage to the controller,
a voltage divider having a fourth node to output a division voltage and including a first resistor between the third node and a fifth node and a second resistor between the fifth node and the fourth node;
a driving switch connected between the third node and the voltage converter, the driving switch to turn on when the driving switch receives the division voltage greater than a third threshold voltage;
a manual switch connected in parallel to the first resistor, the manual switch to be manually operated by an operator; and
a control switch connected in parallel to the first resistor and to be controlled by the controller, and
wherein when the manual switch and the control switch are opened, the driving switch receives the division voltage proportional to the voltage of the third node by a first ratio, and
wherein when the manual switch or the control switch is closed, the fifth node are directly connected with the third node and the driving switch receives the division voltage proportional to the voltage of the third node by a second ratio greater than the first ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,116,153

MOBILE POWER SUPPLY CAPABLE OF CHARGING ITSELF AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Tianjin Synergy Groups Co...

1. A mobile power supply, comprising: a charging and discharging interface, a charging and discharging circuit, a central processor and a battery pack,wherein a first end of the charging and discharging interface is connected to a first end of the charging and discharging circuit, and the charging and discharging interface is configured to connect one of an external charging power supply and an electronic device requiring to be charged or supplied with power;
a second end of the charging and discharging circuit is connected to an anode of the battery pack, and the charging and discharging circuit is configured to perform one of the following:
adjusting a voltage inputted to the battery pack by the external charging power supply to charge the battery pack when the voltage inputted to the battery pack is not matched with a voltage of the battery pack, and
adjusting a voltage output to the electronic device by the battery pack to supply power to or charge the electronic device when the voltage outputted to the electronic device is not matched with a rated voltage of the electronic device;
a cathode of the battery pack is connected to a third end of the charging and discharging circuit; and a fourth end of the charging and discharging circuit is connected to a second end of the charging and discharging interface; and
the central processor is connected to a fifth end of the charging and discharging circuit, and configured to control the charging and discharging circuit to perform one of charging the battery pack, supplying power to the electronic device, and charging the electronic device.

US Pat. No. 10,116,137

PROGRAMMABLE ELECTRICAL CONTROL DEVICE

SMARTSWITCH PTY LTD., Ar...

1. A method of controlling electrical power supply through at least one electrical power supply output of an electrical switching device, comprising:receiving switching time and/or duration data;
processing the received switching time and/or duration data with one or more of clock times and calendar dates to provide switching time and/or duration comprising at least one supply on period and at least one supply off period; and
controlling electrical power supply through the at least one electrical power supply output in accordance with the switching time and/or duration and in accordance with a position of a manual switch of the electrical switching device such that during the at least one supply on period the electrical power supply output is able to supply electrical power when the manual switch is on and during the at least one supply off period the electrical power supply output is unable to supply electrical power when the manual switch is either on or off.

US Pat. No. 10,116,133

ELECTRICAL MEANS TO LIMIT CURRENT IN BATTERY OPERATED PATIENT-CONNECTED MEDICAL DEVICES

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A system for electrically limiting leakage current in a patient-connected medical device, comprising:a first set of one or more switching devices that selectively connect a first power output of a battery compartment of the patient-connected medical device with a first power input of electronic components of the patient-connected medical device controlled directly by a first polarity of input voltage from the battery compartment; and,
a second set of one or more switching devices different from the first set of one or more switching devices that selectively connect a second power output of the battery compartment of the patient-connected medical device with a second power input of the electronic components controlled directly by a second polarity of the input voltage, wherein the first polarity is opposite the second polarity;
wherein the first and second sets of one or more switching devices are disposed on opposing sides of the battery compartment.

US Pat. No. 10,116,122

SPARK PLUG WITH SHUTTLE ELECTRODE

1. A spark plug with shuttle electrode (1) for an internal combustion engine (2), said spark plug (1) comprising at least electrodes (6, 7) and a ceramic insulator (3) housed in a metal base (4) which has a base threading (5), said spark plug (1) also comprising a lamination cavity (15) connected to a combustion chamber (11) included in the internal combustion engine (2) through a lamination duct (16) while a lamination injector (17) can directly or indirectly inject into said cavity (15) a pilot charge (18) previously pressurized, said charge (18) consisting of an combustive-AF fuel mixture easily ignited by a spark, further comprising:at least one central electrode (6) which opens into the lamination cavity (15);
at least one shuttle electrode (20) which is wholly or partly made of an electrically conductive material and which is partially or entirely housed with a small clearance in the lamination duct (16), said shuttle electrode (20) being interposed between the central electrode (6) and a ground electrode (7) and having both a chamber-side end (21) which faces the ground electrode (7) and which is exposed to the pressure prevailing in the combustion chamber (11) as well as a cavity-side end (22) which faces the central electrode (6) and which is exposed to the pressure prevailing in the lamination cavity (15), said shuttle electrode (20) capable of translating into said duct (16) under the effect of the gas pressure either towards the lamination cavity (15) when the pressure in the latter is lower than the pressure prevailing in the combustion chamber (11), or towards the combustion chamber (11) when the pressure in the latter is lower than the pressure prevailing in the lamination cavity (15);
At least one cavity-side shuttle electrode abutment (23) which determines the position of the shuttle electrode (20) closest to the lamination cavity (15);
At least one chamber-side shuttle electrode abutment (24) which determines the position of the shuttle electrode (20) closest to the combustion chamber (11).

US Pat. No. 10,116,119

COMPACT LASER DEVICE

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A laser device, comprising:between two and four mesas provided on one semiconductor chip and electrically connected in parallel with each; and
a driver configured to electrically drive the mesas,
wherein the driver is configured to provide a defined threshold voltage to the between two to four mesas, and the between two to four mesas are configured so that in response to receiving the defined threshold voltage they emit laser light at the same time as each other, and
wherein each mesas has an active diameter between 7 ?m and 9 ?m,
wherein the semiconductor chip has a side length of less than 150 ?m, and
wherein the laser device is adapted to emit laser light with an optional power, wherein the optical power linearly depends on the provided electrical current when driven at an electrical current between 3 mA and 12 mA.

US Pat. No. 10,116,118

OPTICAL TRANSMITTER AND SEMICONDUCTOR LASER TEMPERATURE CONTROL METHOD

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An optical transmitter comprising:a semiconductor laser;
a thermoelement connected with said semiconductor laser, to heat or cool said semiconductor laser with heat generated or cooled by a current;
a thermistor to detect temperature of said semiconductor laser via said thermoelement;
a laser drive circuit to drive said semiconductor laser;
a thermoelement driving circuit to acquire information about the temperature from said thermistor, receive a set value, and control a current flowing through said thermoelement in such a way that the information about the temperature detected by said thermistor becomes equal to the set value; and
a controller to receive monitor current information from the semiconductor laser, temperature information from the thermistor, and laser driving current information from the laser drive circuit,
wherein when a monitor temperature based on the temperature information from the thermistor has become higher than or equal to a preset first threshold on a high temperature side of a temperature threshold of the set value, the controller raises the set value in such a way that the set value becomes equal to the temperature detected by the thermistor or in such a way that a temperature by which the semiconductor laser needs to be cooled by the thermoelement reached a preset second threshold,
when a laser driving current based on the laser driving current information has become larger than or equal to a preset third threshold due to an increase in the set value, the controller corrects the set value so as to lower the set value,
when optical output power based on the monitor current information has become larger than or equal to a preset fourth threshold, the controller corrects and varies the set value after the correction so as to lower the set value,
when the monitor temperature based on the temperature information from the thermistor has become lower than or equal to a preset fifth threshold on a low temperature side of a temperature threshold of the set value, the controller lowers the set value in such a way that the set value becomes equal to the temperature detected by the thermistor or in such a way that a temperature by which the semiconductor laser needs to be heated by the thermoelement reaches a preset sixth threshold, and
when the optical output power based on the monitor current information has become smaller than or equal to a preset seventh threshold do to a decrease in the set value, the controller corrects and varies the set value so as to raise the set value.

US Pat. No. 10,116,114

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR GENERATING A HIGH LASER POWER

COMPAGNIE INDUSTRIELLE DE...

1. Method for generating a high laser power by means of a plurality of elementary laser beams (fi) having the same frequencies but having different phases, a method according to which:the relative phase (?i) of each of said elementary laser beams (fi) is transformed into a light-intensity level (?Ii) by a phase-contrast filtering applying a function matrix equation M;
the light-intensity level (?Ii) thus obtained for each of said elementary laser beams (fi) is transformed into a phase-correction value (???i); and
said phase-correction values (???i) are respectively applied to the elementary laser beams (fi),wherein:a) laser beam portions (pi) are taken respectively from said elementary laser beams (fi), said laser beam portions (pi) constituting complex optical fields (Ai) that have respectively the same relative phase (?i) as the elementary laser beams (fi) from which they originate and wherein the set A that they form is subjected to phase-contrast filtering according to the matrix equation B=M.A in order to form a set B of filtered complex optical fields (Bi) corresponding to the filtered portions of the laser beam portions (pi);
b) the intensities (ai) of the complex fields (Ai) formed by said laser beam portions (pi) are determined before filtering;
c) the intensities (bi) of the complex fields (Bi) formed by said laser beam portions (pi) are determined after filtering;
d) the ideal case is considered where all the relative phases (?i) of the elementary laser beams (fi) are identical and where the complex set A becomes a pure real set Aideal solely formed from the intensities (ai) determined at step b) and the corresponding filtered set Bideal is calculated by means of the matrix equation Bideal=M.Aideal, in order to determine the corresponding phases (?i) of the filtered complex fields in this ideal case;
e) the phases (?i) calculated at step d) are attributed to the filtered complex fields (Bi) in order to form a theoretical filtered set Bt and a theoretical set At is calculated before corresponding filtering by the inverse matrix equation At=M?1.Bt, in order to determine the phases (??i) of the complex optical fields constituting this theoretical set At before filtering; and
f) the sign of said phases (??i) of the theoretical set At is reversed and these reversed-sign phases (???i) are used as phase-correction values.

US Pat. No. 10,116,107

CONNECTOR PRODUCTION METHOD AND CONNECTOR

JAPAN AVIATION ELECTRONIC...

1. A connector production method comprising:holding a flat plate conductor with a first insulator;
joining central portions of one or more contacts to the first insulator such that front end portions of the one or more contacts are exposed at a front part of the first insulator and rear end portions of the one or more contacts project from a rear part of the first insulator;
placing a shell made of metal over the first insulator such that the shell covers outer peripheral portions of the one or more contacts;
fixing and electrically connecting the shell to the flat plate conductor; and
forming a second insulator such that the second insulator closes the rear part of the first insulator and a rear part of the shell while the rear end portions of the one or more contacts project from the second insulator.

US Pat. No. 10,116,106

CUSHION-MOUNTED ELECTRICAL OUTLETS

1. A cushion-mountable electrical outlet system for furniture, said electrical outlet system comprising:a generally flat body having a proximal end portion configured to be positioned between a cushion and a panel of a furniture article that is proximate the cushion, said flat body having an upright distal end portion configured to be positioned alongside an upright side edge of the cushion, and said flat body having a deformable region below said upright distal end portion;
an electrical outlet assembly mounted at said distal end portion of said flat body and positionable so as to be accessible to a user supported at the cushion;
an electrical outlet mounted at said electrical outlet assembly and facing generally upwardly; and
an electrical cord in electrical communication with said electrical outlet and exiting said electrical outlet assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,116,098

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR HAVING A SHIELDING SHELL AND A METALLIC FRAME EXTENDING REARWARD BEYOND THE SHIELDING SHELL TO SHIELD EXPOSED CONTACT TAILS

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. An electrical connector comprising:a metallic frame having a main part, a board at a rear of the main part, and an upper shield behind the board;
an upper and lower contact modules arranged at two opposite sides of the metallic frame main part, each contact module having a row of contacts, each contact having a contacting portion, an intermediate portion, and a tail;
an insulator molded to the metallic frame and the contact modules to complete an insulative housing, the insulative housing having a base and a tongue, the tongue exposing respective contacting portions of the upper and lower contact modules to two opposite surfaces thereof;
a shielding shell accommodating the board of the metallic frame and enclosing the insulative housing, the contact tails of at least one of the upper and lower contact modules extending rearward beyond a rear end of the shielding shell; wherein
the upper shield of the metallic frame shields the contact tails of the at least one contact module.

US Pat. No. 10,116,094

DATA-SECURE CONNECTOR WITH INDICATOR

1. A data-secure low voltage power connector comprising:a connector housing having a front face defining a receptacle opening;
an electrical-power-only receptacle accessible through said receptacle opening and configured to receive a power-and-data electrical connector associated with an electrical consumer, the power-and-data electrical connector comprising two electrical power receiving contacts and an electronic data contact;
said electrical-power-only receptacle comprising at least two electrical contacts that are electrically energized by a power source and are configured to convey only electrical power to the electrical consumer upon engagement of said electrical contacts by the electrical power receiving contacts of the power-and-data electrical connector; and
an indicator at said connector housing and in selective electrical communication with the power source, said indicator configured to provide an indicia when an electrical connection is established between said electrical contacts and the power-and-data electrical connector;
wherein said electrical-power-only receptacle is configured so as not to establish electrical continuity to the electrical consumer via the electronic data contact of the power-and-data electrical connector.

US Pat. No. 10,116,091

CONNECTOR POSITION ASSURANCE DEVICE, CONNECTOR BOX AND ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR SYSTEM

TE Connectivity German Gm...

1. A connector position assurance device, comprising:a body having a body recess; and
a locking lance extending along a length of the body, the locking lance having a fixed end fixed to the body and a lance head opposite the fixed end, the lance head aligned with the body recess, resiliently deflecting from an undeformed position into the body recess, and having a lance recess and a locking stop aligned with the lance recess, the lance recess locking to a plug connector having a locking arm, the locking stop and the locking arm locking to a locking surface of a receptacle connector matable with the plug connector.

US Pat. No. 10,116,088

PLUG CONNECTOR CASING AND PLUG CONNECTOR

Lisa Draexlmaier GmbH, V...

1. A plug connector casing for a vehicle plug connector used to connect a cable, comprising:a main body of plastic material;
a casing lock that is displaceable relative to the main body along a plugging direction;
a cable support that is integrated with the main body and that is extending from an end face of the main body past the casing lock, wherein the cable support further includes one or more latch elements and has a guide slot adapted to guide a cable bracket in a latching direction perpendicular to the plugging direction, the guide slot having two mutually spaced apart contact bevels molded thereon behind the latch element with respect to the latching direction; and
the cable bracket retained on an end portion of the cable and adapted to be releasably latched to the cable support by the one or more latch elements.

US Pat. No. 10,116,076

CPU RETAINER MOUNTED UPON PCB

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. An electrical connector assembly comprising:a printed circuit board defining a front-to-back direction and a transverse direction perpendicular to each other;
an insulative housing mounding upon the printed circuit board and defining a loading cavity therein;
a plurality of contacts disposed in the housing;
a fixing seat mounted upon the printed circuit board by one end of the housing in said front-to-back direction;
a one piece clip mounted upon the printed circuit board by the other end of the housing in said front-to-back direction; and
a load plate and a lever commonly secured to the fixing seat in a rotatable manner; wherein
said clip includes a holding section forming a holding cavity for holding an electronic package therein, and said holding section is moveable between an upstanding position and a horizontal position; wherein
the electronic package is disposed in the loading cavity when said clip is moved to the horizontal position.

US Pat. No. 10,116,072

PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY

1. A printed circuit board assembly with a printed circuit board including at least one footprint for attachment of a plug connector, said footprint having three or more coupling points for coupling electrical contacts of the plug connector, and with the plug connector attached to the footprint, wherein the plug connector has exactly two signal conductors for transmitting a differential signal, wherein the first signal conductor has a first electrical contact coupled at a first coupling point of the three or more coupling points, and the second signal conductor has a second electrical contact coupled at a second coupling point of the three or more coupling points, wherein a distance between a third, free coupling point and the first coupling point is smaller than a distance between the second coupling point and the first coupling point, or a distance between a third, free coupling point and the second coupling point is smaller than a distance between the first coupling point and the second coupling point.

US Pat. No. 10,116,071

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR AND CONTACTS THEREOF

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. An electrical contact for use within an electrical connector having a retaining slot for retaining said contact therein, comprising:a contacting portion, a mounting portion and an elastic portion disposed between the contacting portion and the mounting portion, the contacting portion defining two opposite ends in a first direction; wherein
the elastic portion includes a first elastic portion connecting to one end of the contacting portion and a second elastic portion connecting to the other end of the contacting portion, and the first elastic portion and the second elastic portion are respectively disposed on opposite sides of the contacting portion in a second direction perpendicular to said first direction, and both provide deformable movement in a third direction perpendicular to both the first and second direction, and said electrical contact presents an S-shape viewed in said third direction.

US Pat. No. 10,116,069

CONNECTOR FOR NEEDLE WITH PIEZOELECTRIC POLYMER SENSORS

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A connector for making electrical contact with a plurality of ring-shaped contact pads of a medical needle, the ring-shaped contact pads being separated axially along a shaft of the medical needle and including an inner ring-shaped contact pad and two outer ring-shaped contact pads, the connector comprising:an inner conductive body defining a first annular electrode for connecting to the inner ring-shaped contact pad on the medical needle;
an insulator formed on the inner conductive body; and
an outer conductive body comprising a cavity having a cavity axis, the cavity being configured to receive therein a portion of the medical needle that includes the plurality of ring-shaped contact pads, wherein the cavity extends along the cavity axis through the first annular electrode for making electrical contact within the cavity with the first annular electrode and the inner ring-shaped sensor contact pad on the medical needle;
wherein the outer conductive body is formed over the insulator and surrounds the inner conductive body and is electrically isolated from the inner conductive body by the insulator;
wherein the outer conductive body defines a second annular electrode and a third annular electrode, the second annular electrode and the third annular electrode being electrically connected together by the outer conductive body and being disposed along the cavity axis and axially on opposite sides of the first annular electrode for making electrical contact with the two outer ring-shaped contact pads.

US Pat. No. 10,116,065

MM-WAVE MULTIPLE-INPUT MULTIPLE-OUTPUT ANTENNA SYSTEM WITH POLARIZATION DIVERSITY

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A system, comprising:a first antenna element configured to communicate a first signal, said first signal polarized in a first orientation;
a second antenna element co-located with said first antenna element, said second antenna element configured to communicate a second signal, said second signal polarized in a second orientation, said second orientation orthogonal to said first orientation;
driver circuitry coupled to said first antenna element and said second antenna element, said driver circuitry configured to process said first signal and said second signal to achieve signal diversity in a wireless communication link;
a first transmission path between the driver circuitry and the first antenna element to provide a first channel for the first signal polarized in the first orientation; and
a second transmission path between the driver circuitry and the second antenna element to provide a second channel for the second signal polarized in the second orientation,
wherein the first transmission path and the first channel are at least partially electromagnetically isolated from the second transmission path and the second channel to enable multiple input multiple output (“MIMO”) operations for the system.

US Pat. No. 10,116,059

RERADIATION REPEATER

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A reradiation repeater, comprising:a dielectric substrate;
a ground conductor provided on a first surface of the dielectric substrate; and
a plurality of unit cells provided on a second surface of the dielectric substrate,
wherein each unit cell of the plurality of unit cells reradiates radio waves in the same direction by directing the radio waves which are incident onto the each unit cell of the plurality of unit cells at different angles to the same direction,
wherein each unit cell of the plurality of unit cells includes a conductive pattern formed on the second surface of the dielectric substrate, and at least one conductive protrusion projecting from a surface of the conductive pattern, and
wherein the conductive protrusion projects into the second surface of the dielectric substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,116,058

MULTI-APERTURE PLANAR LENS ANTENNA SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

15. A wireless communication device:a transceiver configured to provide one or more signals to an antenna system; and
the antenna system including:
at least one feed subarray of antenna elements configured to emit a plurality of beams; and
a plurality of planar lenses configured to steer the plurality of beams, each planar lens of the plurality of planar lenses including a different phase profile and positioned adjacent to one of the plurality of planar lenses,
wherein each beam of the plurality of beams comprises a different beam pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,116,055

Z-SHAPED DUAL RING WINDING TYPE NFC ANTENNA AND ANTENNA SYSTEM

SHENZHEN SUNWAY COMMUNICA...

1. A Z-shaped dual ring winding type NFC antenna, characterized by comprising a ferrite core which is formed by superposing a plurality of plate-like ferrite units and extends along an X-Y plane, and two NFC antenna coils, namely a first coil and a second coil which are mutually connected and are wounded on the ferrite core; wherein the first coil is wound on the outer surface of the ferrite core in a Z shape along the projection direction of a Y axis; the second coil is spirally wound along the vertical Z axis direction; the lower end of the ferrite core is connected with an antenna insulating layer; the lower end face of the antenna insulating layer is connected with external electrodes that include a first external electrode and a second external electrode; the head end of the first coil are connected with the first external electrode, while the tail end is connected with the head end of the second coil through a connecting conductor; the tail end of the second coil is connected with the second external electrode; wherein the first coil comprises a plurality of bottom wire conductors which are positioned on the lower surface of the bottom plate-like ferrite unit and close to the end portion of the ?X axis, a plurality of top wire conductors which are positioned on the upper surface of the top plate-like ferrite unit and close to the end portion of the +X axis, a plurality of left wire conductors which connect the left end portions of the bottom wire conductors and the left end portions of the top wire conductors, and a plurality of right wire conductors which connect the right end portions of the bottom wire conductors and the right end portions of the top wire conductors; wherein the left wire conductors are formed by left conductors or left conductive holes that penetrate the left through-holes near the left ends of the bottom plate-like ferrite unit, the middle plate-like ferrite units and the top plate-like ferrite unit, and a first wire which is disposed near the left ends of the middle plate-like ferrite units; wherein the right wire conductors are formed by right conductors or left conductive holes that penetrate the right through-holes near the right ends of the bottom plate-like ferrite unit, the middle plate-like ferrite units and the top plate-like ferrite unit, and a second wire which is disposed near the right ends of the middle plate-like ferrite units; wherein the second coil includes a plurality of coil bodies which are disposed on the upper surface of the second bottom plate-like ferrite unit, the upper surfaces and/or the lower surfaces of the middle plate-like ferrite units; one end of each of the coil bodies on the bottom plate-like ferrite unit is a tail end, and is connected with the first external electrode, while the other end is a head end, connected with the tail end of each of the coil bodies on the second bottom plate-like ferrite unit through a vertical connecting conductor or a conductive through-hole which is disposed on a lateral side of the second bottom plate-like ferrite unit; the rest is done in a similar way until the head end of the top coil body is connected with the tail end of the first coil through the vertical connecting conductor or the conductive through-hole disposed on a lateral side of the top plate-like ferrite unit, wherein one or more turns of the coil bodies are disposed on the same surface.

US Pat. No. 10,116,053

ANTENNA COIL COMPONENT, ANTENNA UNIT, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE ANTENNA COIL COMPONENT

SUMIDA CORPORATION, Toky...

1. An antenna coil component, comprising at least:a bobbin having a tubular shape and formed of an insulating material;
a winding wound around an outer circumferential side of the bobbin;
a base provided at least at one end side of the bobbin and formed of an insulating material; and
one or more metal terminals each having conductivity and fixed to the base,
wherein at least one metal terminal among the one or more metal terminals comprises a mounting part having a plate shape on which an electric component is mounted; and
an entire periphery of an end of the mounting part is spaced from the base.

US Pat. No. 10,116,052

TUNABLE ANTENNA FOR HIGH-EFFICIENCY, WIDEBAND FREQUENCY COVERAGE

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A system, comprising:a processor;
a transceiver coupled to the processor; and
an antenna including a central element that connects to one or more of the processor and the transceiver, said antenna further including multiple coupling elements that electromagnetically couple directly to the central element,
wherein each of the multiple coupling elements comprises a separate variable capacitor,
wherein the central element includes a first portion having a first length direction and a second portion having a second length direction, the first length direction extending alongside the second length direction, and a third potion having a length direction that intersects the first length direction and the second length direction;
wherein a first of the multiple coupling elements is arranged in the antenna adjacent to the first and third portions of the central element, and
wherein a second of the multiple coupling elements is arranged in the antenna adjacent to at least the second portion of the central element.

US Pat. No. 10,116,051

LENS ANTENNA SYSTEM

Isotropic Systems Ltd., ...

1. An antenna system comprising:a plurality of lens sets forming a phased array, each lens set including:
a substantially flat lens capable of wide-angle beam steering with a substantially planar surface;
a plurality of discrete feed elements associated and linearly aligned with the substantially planar surface of said lens, each of said plurality of discrete feed elements at one of a plurality of fixed positions separated from said lens to direct a signal through said substantially flat lens at one of a plurality of desired directions; and
a selector connected to each of said plurality of discrete feed elements to select only a subset of said plurality of discrete feed elements to direct the signal through said substantially flat lens at said one of the plurality of desired directions.

US Pat. No. 10,116,050

MODAL ADAPTIVE ANTENNA USING REFERENCE SIGNAL LTE PROTOCOL

Ethertronics, Inc., San ...

1. A multi-input multi-output (MIMO) antenna processing system comprising:a first automatic tuning module configured to communicate first voltage signals to active components associated with a first modal antenna, wherein a first input of the first automatic tuning module is generated from a first lookup table and a second input of the first automatic tuning module is communicated from a first adaptive processor; and
a second automatic tuning module configured to communicate second voltage signals to active components associated with a second modal antenna, wherein a first input of the second automatic tuning module is generated from a second lookup table and a second input of the second automatic tuning module is communicated from one of: the first adaptive processor or a second adaptive processor.

US Pat. No. 10,116,048

ANTENNA WITH ROTATABLE RADIATING ELEMENT

KATHREIN-WERKE KG, Rosen...

1. A telecommunications antenna with a housing comprising a radome and a radiator arranged in the housing, wherein the radiator is mounted on an electroconductive support structure, wherein the electroconductive support structure engages the housing in either one of a rotatable fashion or in a rotatably fixed fashion about an axis through at least one non-electroconductive body and is tensionable in a direction parallel to the axis so that a transition from the rotatable fashion to the rotatably fixed fashion is effected by forming a frictional engagement,wherein the non-electroconductive body is a clamping body and
wherein the non-electroconductive body is tensionable by a fastener engaging in a non-electroconductive bracket section.

US Pat. No. 10,116,047

ANTENNA DEVICE AND COMMUNICATION DEVICE

AMBIT MICROSYSTEMS (SHANG...

1. An antenna device, comprising:a first antenna, wherein the first antenna is disposed in a PCB to radiate signals;
a second antenna, wherein the second antenna is disposed in the PCB to radiate the signals;
wherein the first antenna comprises:
a first ground portion;
a first short portion, wherein the first short portion and the first ground portion are electrically coupled together to form a first storage space, the first storage space has a first notch; and
a first feeding part, wherein the first feeding part is disposed in the first storage space, the first feeding part and the first short portion are not contacted through any metallic conductors, the first feeding part and the first ground portion are not contacted through any metallic conductors.

US Pat. No. 10,116,046

VEHICLE OUTDOOR ELECTRONICS CABINET

1. An antenna farm for a locomotive cab having a cab interior and a cab roof surrounding and defining at least one cab cable channel communicating between said cab interior and said cab roof, said antenna farm adapted to mount upon said cab roof and to bear one or more antennae coupled by antenna cabling to electronic devices within said cab interior, said antenna farm comprisinga frame bolted to said cab roof and having
a roof-engaging surface and an opposite frame top surface;
a frame perimeter wall extending between said roof-engaging surface and said frame top surface; and
means for leveling the frame on the cab roof;
a base congruent with said frame and disposed on said frame top surface, said base surrounding and defining an antenna farm enclosure, said base having
a substantially planar enclosure floor surrounding and defining at least one access port, each of said at least one access ports aligned with and coupled to one of said at least one cab cable channels; and
at least three substantially vertical base perimeter walls extending normal to said enclosure floor and intersecting to form at least three perimeter wall corners;
a lid hingedly coupled to a first one of said at least three base perimeter walls and adapted to articulate between an open lid position and a closed lid position disposed atop said base perimeter wall, said lid having
a lid bottom adjacent to said enclosure and an opposite lid top bearing said antennae; and
a plurality of antenna cable battens disposed on said lid bottom and adapted to affix cables extending from said antennae through said antenna farm enclosure toward said cab interior;
means for coupling the base to the frame;
means for latching the lid to the base; and
means for interfacing between said enclosure and said cab interior.

US Pat. No. 10,116,045

ANTENNA DEVICE

HARADA INDUSTRY CO., LTD....

1. An antenna device comprising:an antenna element including a plate with a first opening, the plate including a first main surface and a second main surface opposed to each other; and
a case in which the antenna element is stored,wherein the case comprises:a first projection projecting toward an inside of the case and passing through the first opening;
a first head provided to a tip end of the first projection, the first head being in contact with the first main surface; and
a first supporter in contact with the second main surface,
wherein a first protrusion protruding from the first main surface or a first depression recessed from the first main surface is provided on an edge of the first opening of the plate, and
wherein the first head covers the first protrusion and is in contact with at least a part of the first protrusion, or covers the first depression and is in contact with at least a part of the first depression.

US Pat. No. 10,116,044

BODY-MOUNTABLE DEVICE TO PROVIDE RADIO-FREQUENCY WIRELESS COMMUNICATION

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A body-mountable device comprising:a single-loop antenna extending around a region, the single-loop antenna forming at least in part an exterior sidewall of the body-mountable device, wherein distal ends of the single-loop antenna are disposed on opposite respective sides of a slit structure in the exterior sidewall, wherein an overall length along the single-loop antenna between the distal ends is equal to or less than 250 millimeters (mm);
a proximity-coupled feed structure disposed in the region, the proximity-coupled feed structure to excite the single-loop antenna with electromagnetic radiation; and
a controller disposed in the region, the controller coupled to the single-loop antenna via a first contact and further coupled to the proximity-coupled feed structure, the controller including selector logic which, when executed by the controller, selects from among a plurality of operational modes including:
a first operational mode corresponding to a first frequency band above 100 megahertz (MHz), the first operational mode to provide, with both the proximity-coupled feed structure and the first contact, a first wavelength mode of communication by the single-loop antenna; and
a second operational mode corresponding to a second frequency band above 100 MHz, the second operational mode to provide, with both the proximity-coupled feed structure and the first contact, a second wavelength mode of communication by the single-loop antenna, the second wavelength mode different than the first wavelength mode.

US Pat. No. 10,116,043

ANTENNA MODULE AND WEARABLE DEVICE USING SAME

Chiun Mai Communication S...

1. An antenna module comprising:a main body made of conductive material and being a watch cover of a wearable device;
a baseboard received in the main body and comprising a feed point, one end of the feed point electrically connected to the main body, another end of the feed point electrically connected to a signal source for feeding current to the main body;
a ground portion being grounded and defining a space;
wherein the baseboard is spaced from the main body to form a first gap therebetween, the ground portion is positioned in and partially fills the first gap, wherein the ground portion is configured to electrically connect the baseboard to the main body, and an area of the first gap corresponding to the space forms a second gap.

US Pat. No. 10,116,042

ANTENNA DEVICE AND COMMUNICATION TERMINAL DEVICE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An antenna device incorporated in electronic equipment, the antenna device comprising:a ground conductor provided in a circuit board in the electronic equipment;
a conductor portion of a casing of the electronic equipment;
a connection conductor that connects the ground conductor and the conductor portion of the casing;
a capacitor that defines a looped current path with the ground conductor, the conductor portion of the casing, and the connection conductor; and
an inductor that defines the looped current path with the ground conductor, the conductor portion of the casing, and the connection conductor, and that is a separate component from the ground conductor, the conductor portion of the casing, and the connection conductor; wherein
a resonant circuit is provided that includes the ground conductor, the conductor portion of the casing, the connection conductor, the capacitor, and the inductor;
a resonant frequency of the resonant circuit is in a High Frequency band which is in a carrier frequency band of communication signals or near the carrier frequency band; and
the antenna device couples with a counterpart antenna by a magnetic field.

US Pat. No. 10,116,041

TUNEABLE ANTENNA FOR A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE

VODAFONE GMBH, Duesseldo...

1. A tuneable antenna for a wireless communication device, comprising:at least one antenna element;
at least one adaption element, wherein the adaption element has an electric and/or magnetic susceptible material and is movable relative to the antenna element, wherein the position of the adaption element relative to the antenna element is adjustable by at least one actuator as a function of at least one antenna characteristic associated with the at least one antenna element;
control means for controlling the at least one actuator for adjusting the position of the adaption element relative to the antenna element and/or for determining the at least one of the antenna characteristic; and
at least one tuneable matching circuit for adjusting the impedance of the antenna, and wherein the tuneable matching circuit interacts with the control means for adjusting the impedance of the antenna and the control means are adapted for adjusting the position of the adaption element relative to the antenna element as a function of the at least one antenna characteristic.

US Pat. No. 10,116,040

MULTI-FREQUENCY ANTENNA AND TERMINAL

ZTE Corporation, Shenzhe...

1. A multi-frequency antenna, comprising an antenna body, wherein the antenna body comprises: a grounding part, a feed part, and a first radiation branch arm and a second radiation branch arm which are connected with the feed part; and the antenna body further comprises a third radiation branch arm; one end of the third radiation branch arm being connected with the feed part, and other end of the third radiation branch arm being connected with the grounding part; wherein the third radiation branch arm is configured to generate a harmonic with a frequency band to be expanded, or to assist in tuning the frequency band to a frequency band with a better standing-wave ratio;wherein a clearance between the third radiation branch arm and the second radiation branch arm is less than or equal to a first preset distance threshold value, and the clearance affects a strength of a coupling existed between the third radiation branch arm and the second radiation branch arm;
wherein one end of the first radiation branch arm and one end of the second radiation branch arm are connected in parallel through a public part to form a whole to be connected with the feed part; other end of the first radiation branch arm and other end of the second radiation branch arm are led out of the public part along a cabling direction of the third radiation branch arm; the other end of the second radiation branch arm extends a certain length along the cabling direction of the third radiation branch arm, and then is backwards bent and extends a certain length again to form an inverted U shape; and the other end of the first radiation branch arm extends a certain length from the public part along the direction parallel to the third radiation branch arm to form an inverted G shape with the second radiation branch arm;
wherein one end of the third radiation branch arm is connected with the feed part through the public part and then connected in parallel with the first radiation branch arm and the second radiation branch arm; and other end of the third radiation branch arm is connected with the grounding part to form a loop between the feed part and the grounding part to expand the bandwidth frequency band, or to assist in tuning the frequency band to a frequency band with a better standing-wave ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,116,039

ANTENNA APPARATUS AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a housing comprising an interior region and an edge region surrounding the interior region;
a metal bezel disposed on at least a portion of the edge region, wherein at least a portion of the metal bezel is configured to operate in at least one frequency band as a first antenna radiator;
a second antenna radiator disposed in the interior region; and
a metal patch disposed at a position, which is spaced apart from the first antenna radiator and the second antenna radiator such that at least a portion of the metal patch is disposed in parallel with at least a portion of the first antenna radiator and the second antenna radiator, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,116,038

MOBILE HOTSPOT SYSTEM

Verizon Patent and Licens...

1. A device, comprising:a first module to provide a wireless network,
where the first module includes one or more cellular antennas;
a second module; and
a first ground element to be electrically connected to the first module and to be connected to the second module,
where the first module, the second module, and the first ground element are stackable,
where the one or more cellular antennas have a first ground plane provided by a second ground element included in the first module,
where the first ground element is to provide a second ground plane for the one or more cellular antennas when the first ground element is electrically connected to the one or more cellular antennas,
where the second ground plane is larger than the first ground plane, and
where radio performance of the one or more cellular antennas with regard to a cellular network is enhanced when the one or more cellular antennas are electrically connected to the first ground element based on the second ground plane.

US Pat. No. 10,116,036

WIRED PIPE COUPLER CONNECTOR

BAKER HUGHES, A GE COMPAN...

1. A method of forming a wired pipe coupler including:molding with plastic in a molding machine a plastic carrier ring that includes one or more recesses;
injecting metal into the one or more recesses while the plastic carrier ring is in the molding machine to form a metal ground plane, the melting point of the metal not exceeding the melting point of the plastic;
connecting an electrical connector to the ground plane;
forming a metal antenna in the molding machine while the plastic carrier ring is in the molding machine and that are in electrical contact with the electrical connector; and
covering the plastic carrier ring, the metal ground plane and the antenna with a plastic covering;
wherein molding, injecting, forming and covering are all done in a single molding machine.

US Pat. No. 10,116,035

ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE ARTICLES WITH DISCRETE METALLIC SILVER LAYERS AND METHODS FOR MAKING SAME

Corning Incorporated, Co...

1. An electrically conductive article, comprising:a monolithic glass body having a first primary surface; and
an electrically conducting element formed in the body, the element comprising a discrete layer, or a plurality of discrete layers, of metallic silver,
wherein each layer has a thickness T such that 0.1 ?m?T?0.5 ?m and an electrical resistivity (?) of about 50 n?·m to about 2000 n?·m, and
further wherein the element is spaced apart from the first primary surface by a distance D, wherein 0.1 ?m?D?20 ?m article, and
wherein the monolithic glass body is configured as a fiber having a diameter between about 50 ?m and about 600 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,116,034

TWIN AXIAL CABLE STRUCTURES FOR TRANSMITTING SIGNALS

Mellanox Technologies, Lt...

1. A method of manufacturing a cable structure for transmitting a differential signal comprising:cutting a pair of open channels through an outer longitudinal surface of a ribbon of material to form an insulative body portion, wherein the channels are parallel to each other and extend a length of the insulative body portion;
inserting within each open channel of the pair of open channels a conductive wire, wherein the conductive wires of the pair of open channels form a pair of conductive wires configured to collectively transmit a differential signal;
disposing a conductive sheet on the insulative body portion, wherein the conductive sheet is configured to shield the pair of conductive wires; and
placing a grounding element in contact with the conductive sheet, wherein the grounding element is configured to conduct electric current away from the conductive sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,116,033

RFID TAG ASSEMBLY METHODS

Impinj, Inc., Seattle, W...

1. A method for assembling a Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tag, the method comprising:providing an antenna;
providing an integrated circuit (IC) that includes a first electrical bus and electrical circuitry, the electrical circuitry comprising one or more of a rectifier circuit, a demodulator circuit, and a modulator circuit of the IC, wherein providing the IC comprises:
coupling the first electrical bus to the one or more of a rectifier circuit, a demodulator circuit, and a modulator circuit of the IC;
disposing a plurality of conductive patches on a surface of the IC, wherein the plurality of distinct conductive patches covers a substantial portion of the surface of the IC;
capacitively coupling at least a first one of the plurality of distinct conductive patches to the first electrical bus; and
coupling the antenna to the plurality of distinct conductive patches on the surface of the IC to form the RFID tag, wherein at least one of the antenna-to-conductive-patch and the first-electrical-bus-to-conductive-patch couplings is through a dielectric material and the dielectric material includes at least one of a covering layer of the antenna and a covering layer of the IC.

US Pat. No. 10,116,032

DIELECTRIC RESONATOR, DIELECTRIC FILTER, AND COMMUNICATION APPARATUS

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. A dielectric resonator, comprising:a dielectric body having a first surface located at an end in a first direction thereof and a second surface which is located at an end in a second direction opposite to the first direction thereof;
a first conductor having a cavity formed therein in which the dielectric body is housed, the first conductor being disposed so as to surround the dielectric body leaving space therefrom, and having a first inner surface including a part opposed to the first surface, and a second inner surface including a part opposed to the second surface;
a second conductor disposed on the first surface, an end in the first direction thereof being electrically connected to the first inner surface;
a third conductor disposed on the second surface, an end in the second direction thereof being electrically connected to the second inner surface;
a fourth conductor disposed between the second conductor and the first conductor in a third direction perpendicular to the first direction, an end in the first direction thereof and an end in the third direction thereof being electrically connected to the first conductor, an end in a direction opposite to the third direction thereof being electrically connected to the second conductor; and
a fifth conductor disposed between the third conductor and the first conductor in a fourth direction perpendicular to the first direction, an end in the fourth direction thereof and an end in the second direction thereof being electrically connected to the first conductor, an end in a direction opposite to the fourth direction thereof being electrically connected to the third conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,116,031

VERTICAL-TRANSITION STRUCTURE

NATIONAL TAIPEI UNIVERSIT...

1. A vertical-transition structure comprising:a microstrip line, comprising a substrate with an upper surface and a lower surface opposite to the upper surface, a signal line laid on the upper surface of the substrate and a ground plane laid on the lower surface of the substrate, wherein a first through hole is created next to the microstrip line and near one end of the signal line, and the first through hole penetrates through the substrate and the ground plane, and a configuration of the first through hole defines a first geometric center;
a metallic ring, placed underneath the microstrip line, and having a second through hole; and
a coaxial connector, having a center conductor, a dielectric body and an external conductor, wherein a portion of the external conductor is a mounting wall for the purpose of mechanical assembly, the center conductor comprises a first part and a second part, the first part of the center conductor is surrounded by the dielectric body, which fills the space between the first part of the center conductor and the external conductor, the second part of the center conductor extends out of the mounting wall, passing through the second through hole of the metallic ring first and then passing through the first through hole next to the microstrip line, wherein the position of the center conductor within the first through hole is eccentric with respect to the first geometric center, and at last the center conductor is connected to the signal line, and an extension direction of the center conductor is perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of the signal line;
wherein the second through hole has an inner wall, a configuration of the second through hole defines a second geometric center, wherein the second part of the center conductor of the coaxial connector passes the second geometric center of the second through hole but does not contact the inner wall of the second through hole; and
wherein the second part of the center conductor is an extended portion, the extended portion has a cross section with an area, the area of the cross section is smaller than an area enclosed by an edge of the first through hole, wherein the first through hole has an inner wall comprising a first inside wall portion and a second inside wall portion, the first inside wall portion is opposite to the second inside wall portion and is next to the end of the signal line, wherein the first geometric center is located at the center of the area enclosed by the edge of the first through hole, and the extended portion of the center conductor abuts against the first inside wall portion of the first through hole and then is connected to the end of the signal line and is far from the second inside wall portion, so as to create an eccentric structure within the first through hole.

US Pat. No. 10,116,030

INTEGRATED FAN-OUT PACKAGE INCLUDING DIELECTRIC WAVEGUIDE

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. A semiconductor structure, comprising:a dielectric waveguide;
a driver die configured to generate a driving signal;
a first transmission electrode located along a first side of the dielectric waveguide and configured to receive the driving signal;
a second transmission electrode located along a second side of the dielectric waveguide and electrically coupled to a transmission ground, wherein the first transmission electrode and the second transmission electrode are mirror images, and the dielectric waveguide, the first transmission electrode, and the second transmission electrode are located in layers, respectively, that are different from each other; and
a receiver die configured to receive a received signal from the dielectric waveguide.

US Pat. No. 10,116,029

ULTRA-WIDE BAND CIRCULATORS WITH SEQUENTIALLY-SWITCHED DELAY LINE (SSDL)

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVER...

22. An ultra-wide band circulator apparatus, comprising:(a) a transmitter demultiplexor having an input node configured for coupling to a transmitter, and having a first and second pole output;
(b) a first delay line segment along a first transmitter signal path having a proximal end coupled to the first pole output of said transmitter demultiplexor;
(c) a second delay line segment along a second transmitter signal path having a proximal end coupled to the second pole output of said transmitter demultiplexor;
(d) a receiver multiplexor having a first and second pole input and an output configured for coupling to a receiver;
(e) a third delay line segment along a first receiver signal path having a proximal end coupled to the first pole input of said receiver multiplexor;
(f) a fourth delay line segment along a second receiver signal path having a proximal end coupled to the second pole input of said receiver multiplexor;
(g) a transmit/receive switch having two poles and a common node, with said first pole coupled to a distal end of said first delay line segment along said first transmitter signal path, with said second pole coupled to a distal end of said third delay line segment along said first receiver signal path;
(h) a fifth delay line segment having a proximal end coupled to the common node of said transmit/receive switch;
(j) a receive/transmit switch having two poles and a common node, with said first pole coupled to a distal end of said second delay line segment along said first transmitter signal path, with said second pole coupled to a distal end of said fourth delay line segment along said second receiver signal path;
(k) a sixth delay line segment having a proximal end coupled to the common node of said receive/transmit switch; and
(l) an antenna multiplexor/demultiplexor switch having a first pole coupled to the distal end of said fifth delay line, and a second pole coupled to the distal end of said sixth delay line, with said antenna multiplexor/demultiplexor switch having a common node configured for coupling to an antenna;
(m) wherein a control circuit generates control signals for switching said transmitter demultiplexor, said receiver multiplexor, said transmit/receive switch, said receive/transmit switch, and said antenna multiplexor/demultiplexor switch to split transmitted and received waves into two pulses synchronized with the switching of the switches and thus separating the transmit and receive signals.

US Pat. No. 10,116,028

RF DIELECTRIC WAVEGUIDE DUPLEXER FILTER MODULE

CTS Corporation, Lisle, ...

2. An RF dielectric waveguide duplexer filter module for the transmission of Tx and Rx RF signals comprising:an antenna block of dielectric material including an antenna input/output, the antenna block including a plurality of exterior surfaces covered with a layer of conductive material and first and second antenna Tx and Rx signal transmission regions on one of the exterior surfaces defining a direct coupling path for the transmission of the Tx and Rx RF signals;
a Tx RF signal waveguide filter including:
stacked lower and upper Tx blocks of dielectric material including exterior surfaces covered with a layer of conductive material and defining a plurality of resonators;
a plurality of Tx RF signal transmission regions defined between the stacked lower and upper Tx blocks defining a direct coupling path for the transmission of the Tx RF signal between the stacked lower and upper Tx blocks;
a third antenna Tx RF signal transmission region defined on one end exterior surface of the lower Tx block defining a direct coupling path for the transmission of the Tx RF signal from the lower Tx block into the antenna block;
one or more bridges of dielectric material on the lower Tx block defining a cross coupling path for the transmission of the Tx RF signal through the lower Tx block; and
a Tx RF signal input/output defined at the end of the lower Tx block opposite the end with the third antenna Tx RF signal transmission region;
an RF Rx signal waveguide filter including:
stacked lower and upper Rx blocks of dielectric material including exterior surfaces covered with a layer of conductive material and defining a plurality of resonators;
a plurality of Rx RF signal transmission regions defined between the lower and upper Rx blocks defining a direct coupling path for the transmission of the Rx RF signal between the stacked lower and upper Rx blocks;
a fourth antenna Rx RF signal transmission region defined on one end exterior surface of the lower Rx block defining a direct coupling path for the transmission of the Rx RF signal from the antenna block into the lower Rx block;
one or more bridges of dielectric material on the lower Rx block defining a cross coupling path for the transmission of the Rx RF signal through the lower Rx block; and
an Rx RF signal input/output defined at the end of the lower Rx block opposite the end with the fourth antenna Tx RF signal transmission region;
the Tx and Rx RF signal waveguide filters being attached in side-by-side relationship and the antenna block being attached to the lower Tx and Rx blocks of the respective Tx and Rx signal waveguide filters in a side-by-side relationship along the end of the lower Tx and Rx signal blocks with the respective antenna Tx and Rx signal transmission regions, the Tx RF signal being adapted for transmission only in the direction of the antenna block or between the upper and lower Tx blocks and the Rx signal being adapted for transmission only in the direction of the Rx RF signal input/output or between the upper and lower Rx blocks.

US Pat. No. 10,116,027

RF FILTER TUNING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING FILTER USING THE SAME

KMW INC., Hwaseong, Gyeo...

1. An RF filter tuning system for tuning an RF filter that includes a plurality of cavities having resonance elements and a cover having tuning areas that are positioned correspondingly to the resonance elements, the RF filter tuning system comprising:a measuring unit configured to measure resonance characteristics of the plurality of the cavities of the RF filter and a separation distance between at least a pair of the cavities;
a control unit configured to calculate a tuning value of the RF filter based on the resonance characteristics;
a tuning unit configured to tune the RF filter based on the tuning value calculated by the control unit; and
a screw cutter configured to cut a screw based on the separation distance between at least the pair of the cavities, wherein the tuning unit includes a striking unit configured to strike the tuning area of the cover of the RF filter to adjust a resonance value and a fastening unit configured to fasten the screw cut by the screw cutter between at least the pair of the cavities, thereby tuning the RF filter.

US Pat. No. 10,116,026

COAXIAL FILTER HAVING FIRST TO FIFTH RESONATORS, WHERE THE FOURTH RESONATOR IS AN ELONGATED RESONATOR

COM DEV LTD., Mississaug...

1. A microwave filter comprising:a housing defining an inner cavity;
a first resonator positioned in a first portion of the inner cavity;
a third resonator positioned in a third portion of the inner cavity and being cross-coupled with the first resonator;
a second resonator positioned in a second portion of the inner cavity, the second resonator being coupled to the first resonator and the third resonator;
a fifth resonator positioned in a fifth portion of the inner cavity and being cross-coupled to the third resonator; and
a fourth resonator positioned in a fourth portion of the inner cavity, the fourth resonator being elongated and being coupled with the third resonator and the fifth resonator, wherein an electric field at a first end of the elongated fourth resonator is out of phase with an electric field at a second end of the elongated fourth resonator.

US Pat. No. 10,116,025

ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An electronic apparatus comprising:a transmission line member; and
a mount circuit board; wherein
the transmission line member includes:
a dielectric base body;
a first signal conductor that is disposed inside the dielectric base body, and has an elongated shape extending along a transmission direction of high frequency signals;
a first ground conductor disposed at one side of the first signal conductor in a thickness direction of the dielectric base body; and
a second ground conductor disposed at another side of the first signal conductor in the thickness direction of the dielectric base body;
a first transmission line that transmits a first high frequency signal is defined by the first signal conductor interposed between the first ground conductor and the second ground conductor;
the mount circuit board is wrapped by the transmission line member such that the transmission line member covers the mount circuit board from a top surface of the mount circuit board to a back surface of the mount circuit board via a side surface of the mount circuit board; and
at least one of an IC chip, a mount component, and a battery pack is mounted on the mount circuit board and is wrapped by the transmission line member so as to be disposed on an inner peripheral side of the transmission line member.

US Pat. No. 10,116,024

MICROSTRIP NOTCH FILTER WITH TWO-PRONGED FORK-SHAPED EMBEDDED RESONATOR

KING ABDULAZIZ CITY FOR S...

1. A notch filter comprising:a dielectric substrate;
a microstrip transmission line on the dielectric substrate; and
a fork-shaped open-circuited stub embedded in the microstrip transmission line,
wherein for a signal transmitted via the microstrip transmission line, the fork-shaped open-circuited stub causes a second spurious harmonic in the signal to be at approximately eight times a center frequency in which a first spurious harmonic is present.

US Pat. No. 10,116,023

PHASE SHIFT OF SIGNAL REFLECTIONS OF SURFACE TRAVELING WAVES

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. An apparatus configured to cause a phase-shift in reflected signals that are a reflection of surface-traveling wave signals of a select signal frequency, comprising:a conductive strip, having a plurality of slots therein alternatingly arranged orthogonal to each other, each slot having a length that is a fraction of between 9/16 and ? of a wavelength ?0 associated with the select signal frequency;
a plurality of conductive enclosures respectively disposed under each of the plurality of slots, each conductive enclosure having a width and length sufficient to enclose a respective corresponding slot, wherein each of the conductive enclosures have a dielectric material therein and have a depth that is a fraction of between ? and ? of a wavelength ?d associated with the select signal frequency when transmitted in the dielectric material;
wherein the plurality of slots and plurality of conductive enclosures cause a phase-shift in the range of 150 to 210 degrees in the reflected signals that are a reflection of the surface-traveling wave signals at the select signal frequency which impinge the apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,116,022

INTERNAL CONVECTION CELL

NANTENERGY, INC., Scotts...

1. An electrochemical cell comprising:a housing comprising:
a permeable fuel electrode configured to support a metal fuel thereon;
an oxidant reduction electrode spaced from the fuel electrode;
a liquid ionically conductive medium for conducting ions between the fuel and oxidant reduction electrodes to support electrochemical reactions at the fuel and oxidant reduction electrodes;
a charging electrode selected from the group consisting of (a) the oxidant reduction electrode, (b) a separate charging electrode spaced from the permeable fuel electrode and the oxidant reduction electrode, and (c) a portion of the permeable fuel electrode;
a gas bubble flow generator selected from the group consisting of (a) the charging electrode, and (b) a sparger spaced from the charging electrode, the gas bubble flow generator being configured to evolve gaseous oxygen bubbles that generate a flow of the ionically conductive medium during a charging operation; and
one or more flow diverting surfaces,
wherein when the electrochemical cell is positioned such that the oxidant reduction electrode is in a vertical orientation, the one or more flow diverting surfaces establishes a closed circuit circulation path within the housing that directs the flow of the ionically conductive medium at least partially through the permeable fuel electrode,
wherein the fuel electrode and the oxidant reduction electrode are configured to, during discharge, oxidize the metal fuel at the fuel electrode and reduce an oxidant at the oxidant reduction electrode to generate a discharge potential difference therebetween for application to a load and generate a by-product of oxidized metal precipitated or solvated in the ionically conductive medium, and
wherein the fuel electrode and the charging electrode are configured to, during re-charge, reduce a reducible species of the metal fuel to electrodeposit the metal fuel on the fuel electrode and oxidize an oxidizable species of the oxidant by application of a re-charge potential difference therebetween from a power source.

US Pat. No. 10,116,021

STABLE ELECTROLYTE MATERIALS FOR LI-AIR BATTERY SYSTEMS

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method of producing a Li-ion battery displaying increased resistance to nucleophilic attack, the method comprising:a. providing a first electrode,
b. providing a second electrode spaced apart from the first electrode,
c. providing an electrolyte composition for the Li-ion battery, each chemical of the electrolyte composition having an electrophilicity index below 0.8 eV.

US Pat. No. 10,116,020

BATTERY PACK WITH BRANCHING COOLING DUCT

GS YUASA INTERNATIONAL LT...

1. A battery pack comprising:a plurality of energy storage devices arranged with a gap which is formed between the energy storage devices for passing a fluid;
a case configured to accommodate the plurality of energy storage devices;
a first duct disposed in an inside of the case and defining a supply flow passage through which the fluid is supplied to the gap;
a second duct disposed in the inside of the case and defining a discharge flow passage through which the fluid which has passed through the gap is discharged; and
an auxiliary flow passage defined by the case and the outer surface of the first duct,
wherein the first duct includes a branching portion which is configured for the supply flow passage and the auxiliary flow passage to communicate with each other, and
wherein the branching portion is disposed at a position upstream of a position where the first duct reaches the energy storage device in the flow direction of the fluid in the supply flow passage.

US Pat. No. 10,116,018

CURE IN PLACE THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIAL

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for providing an even distribution of waste heat from a battery pack comprising cells in a vehicle via a conformable thermal interface material comprising:providing:
a coolant reservoir; and
a support structure coupled to the reservoir;
placing a release liner on the coolant reservoir;
placing, after placing the release liner on the coolant reservoir, the conformable thermal interface material in the form of a liquid or a gel within the support structure;
placing a bottom surface of the battery pack into the liquid or the gel such that the liquid or the gel flows around each of the cells of the battery pack such that there is constant thermal contact between an entire lower surface of each of the cells of the battery pack and a surface of the coolant reservoir;
cross-linking the conformable thermal interface material thereby decreasing the flowability of the conformable thermal interface material and providing for the even distribution of the waste heat via conduction of the waste heat from each of the cells to the coolant reservoir; and
removing the conformable thermal interface material by physically removing the release liner.

US Pat. No. 10,116,017

PASSIVE THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR BATTERY

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A battery module comprising:an array of battery cells;
a cell holder supporting the array of battery cells; and
a laminated element contacted with each of the battery cells, wherein each of the battery cells extends through a respective aperture through the laminated element, the laminated element including heat conducting layers and intumescent layers interspersed with the heat conducting layers, the intumescent layers being configured to expand in response to an intumescent layer temperature exceedance to reconfigure the laminated element from a first configuration in which the laminated element transfers heat emitted by the array of battery cells to a second configuration in which the laminated element does not substantially transfer heat emitted by the array of battery cells.

US Pat. No. 10,116,016

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND METHOD OF MAKING AND USING THE SAME

BorgWarner Inc., Auburn ...

1. A product comprising:a thermal management component comprising a housing comprising a first polymer wherein the thermal management component is constructed and arranged to provide thermal control of at least one neighbor component comprising an exterior surface in contact with the thermal management component wherein the first polymer comprises a heat generating polymer, and further comprising cooling tubes in the housing, and a phase change material in the cooling tubes, the phase change material being constructed and arranged to absorb thermal energy above a first temperature and to reversibly release thermal energy below a second temperature, and further comprising a plurality of batteries each having an external surface and wherein the housing is in contact with the external surface of each of the plurality of batteries, wherein the heat generating polymer comprises a PTC polymer, the PTC polymer comprising electrically conductive particles, the PTC polymer being constructed and arranged to change from a crystalline state to an amorphous tripped state once the PTC polymer reaches its trip temperature thereby causing a higher resistance due to the separation of the electrically conductive particles and as the mean distance between the conductive particles increases, causing a breaking of conductive pathways caused by the expansion of the PTC polymer in the amorphous state.

US Pat. No. 10,116,015

TEMPERATURE CONTROL DEVICE FOR TEMPERATURE CONTROLLING A BATTERY

Mahle International GmbH,...

1. A temperature control device for temperature controlling a battery of a motor vehicle comprising:a housing defining a housing interior, the housing having a metal housing bottom and a housing lid;
a plurality of tubular bodies arranged in the housing interior adjacent to one another for a coolant to flow therethrough, wherein an electric heating device is arranged in the housing interior in addition to the plurality of tubular bodies;
wherein the heating device includes, on each of a lower side facing the housing bottom and on a top side facing the housing lid, a lower or an upper electrical contact plate for connecting the electric heating device to an electric source of energy;
wherein an electrical insulation is disposed between the housing bottom and the lower electrical contact plate; and
wherein the electric heating device, having the lower and the upper electrical contact plates, and the electrical insulation are formed as a heating module unit, wherein the heating module unit is installed into the housing as a unitary component to the housing bottom via a bonded joint.

US Pat. No. 10,116,013

ELECTRONIC TRANSPORT-RESISTANT BATTERY LAYER

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A battery, comprising:an electrical terminal;
a first foil layer positioned between a first electrode of the battery and the electrical terminal of the battery;
a first protection layer applied to a first surface of the first foil layer and configured to, in response to exposure of the first protection layer to one or more particular physical conditions, at least partially inhibit electrical transmission within the battery; and
a second protection layer applied to a second surface of the first foil layer and configured to, in response to exposure of the second protection layer to one or more particular physical conditions, at least partially inhibit electrical transmission within the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,116,012

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MONITORING AND CHARACTERIZING INFORMATION HANDLING SYSTEM USE BEHAVIOR

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. An information handling system, comprising:one or more processing devices;
a battery system including one or more battery cells;
battery charger circuit coupled to receive current from an external source and to provide current for recharging the battery cells of the battery system; and
a system load coupled to selectably receive current from either one of an external power source or the battery system;
where the one or more processing devices are configured to monitor one or more power usage parameters; and
where the one or more processing devices are configured to perform at least one of the following steps only if a given operating condition is determined to exist in which the external current is being continuously provided to the battery charger circuit and a resulting current is being provided by the battery charger circuit to recharge the battery cells of the battery system to cause the battery cells to repeatedly self discharge followed by recharge at a temperature above a battery cell temperature that exists when the recharging current is not provided:
display an alert to a user of the information handling system to cause the user to discharge the battery cells of the battery system to a predefined point, or
automatically discharge the battery cells of the battery system to a pre-defined point; and
where the alert is so displayed or the battery cells are so automatically discharged so as to avoid causing the battery cells to repeatedly self discharge followed by recharge at a temperature above the battery cell temperature that exists when the recharging current is not provided.

US Pat. No. 10,116,010

INSULATING MOTHER BOARD, INSULATING HARNESS MOTHER BOARD ASSEMBLY AND BATTERY MODULE

CHINA AVIATION LITHIUM BA...

1. An insulating mother board comprising a first end insulating board, a middle insulating board and a second end insulating board connected in sequence, whereina first protrusion is arranged on the left of a bottom of the first end insulating board, and a first groove is arranged on the right of the bottom of the first end insulating board,
a second groove is arranged on the left of a top of the second end insulating board, and a second protrusion is arranged on the right of the top of the second end insulating board,
a middle first groove is arranged on the left of a top of the middle insulating board, a middle first protrusion is arranged on the right of the top of the middle insulating board, a middle second protrusion is arranged on the left of a bottom of the middle insulating board, and a middle second groove is arranged on the right of the bottom of the middle insulating board,
the first protrusion, the second protrusion, the middle first protrusion and the middle second protrusion have a same structure,
the first groove, the second groove, the middle first groove and the middle second groove have a same structure,
the first protrusion is inserted into the middle first groove, and the middle second protrusion is inserted into the second groove,
the second protrusion is inserted into the middle second groove, and the middle first protrusion is inserted into the first groove,
the first protrusion is a double layer stepped protrusion, and the first groove is a double layer stepped groove, and
a connection hole configured to connect a conductive connection strip and a battery post is arranged on each of the first end insulating board, the second end insulating board and the middle insulating board;
wherein two rows of connection holes are arranged with an interval on each of the first end insulating board, the second end insulating board and the middle insulating board,
a first connection board is arranged between the two rows of the connection holes of the first end insulating board, and a first boss and a first recess are arranged at a bottom of the first connection board side by side,
a second connection board is arranged between the two rows of the connection holes of the second end insulating board, and a second boss and a second recess are arranged at a top of the second connection board side by side,
a middle connection board is arranged between the two rows of the connection holes of the middle insulating board, a first middle boss and a first middle recess are arranged at a top of the middle connection board side by side, and a second middle boss and a second middle recess are arranged at a bottom of the middle connection board side by side, and
the first boss is inserted into the first middle recess, the first middle boss is inserted into the first recess, the second boss is inserted into the second middle recess, and the second middle boss is inserted into the second recess.

US Pat. No. 10,116,009

BATTERY PACK INCLUDING INSERTED TYPE BMS ASSEMBLY

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery pack configured to have a structure comprising:(1) at least two battery modules, each battery module having a structure in which a plurality of unit cells or a plurality of unit modules, each of which comprises a plurality of unit cells, is electrically connected to each other;
(2) a battery pack case in which the battery modules are received;
(3) an inner cartridge for fixing the battery modules in the battery pack case; and
(4) a single battery management system (BMS) assembly comprising
(4a) a BMS circuit board for monitoring and controlling operation of the battery pack including the battery modules, and
(4b) a BMS case in which the BMS circuit board is mounted,
the BMS assembly being mounted in the inner cartridge from outside the battery pack in an inserting fashion,
wherein the BMS assembly is removable from the inner cartridge through an insertion hole in the inner cartridge without moving the battery module relative to the inner cartridge, the insertion hole being smaller than a size of one of the battery modules, and
wherein a front surface of the inner cartridge at a front of the battery pack is positioned in a direction perpendicular to an inserting direction of the BMS assembly and the insertion hole in the inner cartridge is located in the front surface.

US Pat. No. 10,116,008

REVERSIBLE THERMAL RELEASE MECHANISM FOR A BATTERY

Lockheed Martin Corporati...

1. A battery safety mechanism comprising:a reservoir, comprising a cavity, positioned adjacent to a battery;
a phase-change material disposed in the cavity of the reservoir, the phase-change material having a solid state and a melted state;
a biasing component having a preloaded configuration and a relaxed configuration, the biasing component being positioned in the phase-change material, the biasing component being maintained in the preloaded configuration when the phase-change material is in the solid state, the biasing component being in the relaxed configuration when the phase-change material is in the melted state; and
an electrical coupling comprising an elongate member being movable between a first position in which positive and negative terminals of the battery are disconnected and a second position in which the positive and negative terminals are connected by the electrical coupling, the electrical coupling being actuatable to the first or second position by the biasing component when the biasing component moves to the relaxed configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,116,006

SPIRALLY WOULD NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY HAVING INSULATING MEMBERS

Murata Manufacturing Co.,...

1. A battery, comprising:an electrode assembly which includes
a positive electrode including a cathode active material layer and a positive electrode current collector,
a negative electrode including an anode active material layer and a negative electrode current collector,
a separator,
a first insulating member including at least a material different from the separator, and
a second insulating member,
wherein the electrode assembly has a winding start end at an innermost end of the electrode assembly and a winding terminal end at an outermost circumferential end of the electrode assembly, respectively,
wherein the first insulating member is attached to the winding start end of a first exposed portion of the positive electrode current collector at the innermost end of the electrode assembly,
wherein the second insulating member is attached to the winding terminal end of a second exposed portion of the negative electrode current collector at the outermost circumferential end of the electrode assembly, and
wherein a positive electrode terminal and a negative electrode terminal are disposed at the winding start end.

US Pat. No. 10,116,005

ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE, WINDING APPARATUS, AND WINDING METHOD

GS YUASA INTERNATIONAL, L...

1. An energy storage device comprising:a core; and
a wound body which is wound around the core, the wound body comprising:
a positive electrode;
a negative electrode; and
first and second separators, the first separator being interposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode, and each of the first and second separators having a first surface and a second surface, the first surface having thermal bonding properties greater than thermal bonding properties of the second surface,
wherein the first separator comprises:
a first portion bonded to a first side of the core; and
a second portion bonded to the second separator on a second side of the core opposite the first side when viewed from an winding axis direction around which the wound body is wound.

US Pat. No. 10,116,003

METAL SULFIDE ANOLYTES FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS

QuantumScape Corporation,...

1. A negative electrode assembly for a rechargeable electrochemical cell, the negative electrode assembly comprising:a current collector layer comprising a metal selected from the group consisting of copper, nickel, iron, lithium, aluminum, magnesium, indium, tungsten, molybdenum, alloys thereof, multilayers thereof, and combinations thereof; and
an anolyte layer comprising a lithium sulfide compound disposed over the current collector metal layer and having a thickness between 1 nm and 100 nm;
wherein the anolyte layer directly contacts a sulfide-containing solid electrolyte layer; and
a lithium metal layer disposed between the current collector metal layer and the anolyte layer.

US Pat. No. 10,116,001

LITHIUM, PHOSPHORUS, SULFUR, AND IODINE INCLUDING ELECTROLYTE AND CATHOLYTE COMPOSITIONS, ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANES FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICES, AND ANNEALING METHODS OF MAKING THESE ELECTROLYTES AND CATHOLYTES

QUANTUMSCAPE CORPORATION,...

1. An electrolyte comprising a compound characterized by LixPySzIt, wherein 5?x?12; 1?y?3; 5?z?9, and 0.1?t?2; andcharacterized by an x-ray powder diffraction (XRD) pattern having a primary peak at 27±1° (2?);
and
characterized by an x-ray powder diffraction (XRD) pattern having at least one of the following reflections at: 20, 25, 29, or 45±1° (2?);
wherein subscripts x, y, z, and t are rational numbers;
wherein the compound is neutrally charged.