US Pat. No. 10,690,854

ROTARY OPTICAL BEAM GENERATOR

Lumentum Operations LLC, ...

1. A method, comprising:fabricating a rotator fiber preform having a unitary core with a refractive index structure that angularly varies with respect to a center of the rotator fiber preform;
consolidating the rotator fiber preform in order to create a consolidated rotator fiber preform;
concurrently drawing and spinning the consolidated rotator fiber preform in order to create a spun rotator fiber; and
tapering the spun rotator fiber in order to create a tapered spun rotator fiber,
wherein, within the tapered spun rotator fiber, the unitary core rotates about an optical axis of the tapered spun rotator fiber along a length of the tapered spun rotator fiber, and
wherein a rate of twist at which the unitary core twists about the optical axis increases from a first rate of twist at a first end of the tapered spun rotator fiber to a second rate of twist at a second end of the tapered spun rotator fiber.

US Pat. No. 10,690,853

OPTOELECTRONICS INTEGRATION USING SEMICONDUCTOR ON INSULATOR SUBSTRATE

International Business Ma...

1. A method of fabricating an optoelectronic device, comprising:obtaining a first structure including:
a semiconductor substrate including a first region and a second region, the second region being laterally displaced from the first region,
a bottom dielectric layer on the semiconductor substrate, and
a buried waveguide core within the bottom dielectric layer and directly above the first region of the semiconductor substrate;
forming a semiconductor layer on the bottom dielectric layer;
forming a recess within the bottom dielectric layer over the second region of the semiconductor substrate;
forming a field-effect transistor in the second region of the semiconductor substrate;
filling the recess with dielectric material;
forming first electrical conductors within the dielectric material, the first electrical conductors being electrically connected to the field-effect transistor;
patterning the semiconductor layer to form a semiconductor device layer over the first region of the semiconductor substrate;
epitaxially growing a plurality of III-V semiconductor layers on the semiconductor device layer over the first region of the semiconductor substrate, the III-V semiconductor layers comprising an optoelectronic structure configured for light emission;
patterning the optoelectronic structure;
forming a top dielectric layer over the bottom dielectric layer and the dielectric material filling the recess, the top dielectric layer encapsulating the optoelectronic structure, and
forming second electrical conductors within the top dielectric layer, the second electrical conductors being electrically connected to the first electrical conductors and the optoelectronic structure.

US Pat. No. 10,690,852

III-V SEMICONDUCTOR WAVEGUIDE NANORIDGE STRUCTURE

IMEC vzw, Leuven (BE) Un...

1. A III-V semiconductor waveguide, the III-V semiconductor waveguide being a nanoridge structure having a narrow supporting base with a freestanding wider body portion on top, having a PIN diode, and comprising:a III-V semiconductor waveguide core formed in the freestanding wider body portion;
at least one heterojunction incorporated in the III-V semiconductor waveguide core;
a bottom doped region of a first polarity positioned at a bottom of the narrow supporting base, forming a lower contact;
a V-shaped interface between the narrow supporting base and the lower contact; and
an upper doped region of a second polarity, forming an upper contact, the upper contact being positioned in at least one side wall of the freestanding wider body portion.

US Pat. No. 10,690,851

HOLOGRAPHIC WAVEGUIDES INCORPORATING BIREFRINGENCE CONTROL AND METHODS FOR THEIR FABRICATION

DigiLens Inc., Sunnyvale...

1. A waveguide comprising:at least one waveguide substrate;
at least one birefringent grating;
at least one birefringence control layer;
a light source for outputting light;
an input coupler for directing the light into total internal reflection paths within the waveguide; and
an output coupler for extracting light from the waveguide, wherein light in the total internal reflection paths undergoes multiple interactions along the waveguide with each of the birefringent grating and the birefringence control layer, wherein the interaction of the light with the birefringence control layer and the birefringent grating provides a predefined characteristic of light extracted from the waveguide.

US Pat. No. 10,690,850

INTEGRATED VECTOR MODULATOR

Phase Sensitive Innovatio...

1. An apparatus for modulating an optical carrier, the apparatus including:an optical waveguide defined in electro-optic material, said optical waveguide supporting at least two polarization states of light that are orthogonal to one another;
an optical input to couple light into the optical waveguide;
an optical output to couple light out of the optical waveguide; and
at least two signal electrodes to receive modulating electrical signals,
wherein the signal electrodes are both adjacent to the optical waveguide and are positioned to produce an electric field across the optical waveguide when electrical signals are applied to the signal electrodes, and
wherein the signal electrodes are further positioned to enable the generation of at least a first predominant orientation of the electric field across the optical waveguide as a result of a first pair of signals applied to the signal electrodes, and at least a second, different, predominant orientation of the electric field across the optical waveguide as a result of second pair of signals different from the first pair of signals applied to the signal electrodes;
whereby at least two distinct characteristics of light passing through the optical waveguide between the optical input and the optical output are simultaneously and independently modulated as a result of applying each of the first and second pair of electrical signals to the respective signal electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,690,849

INTEGRATED MICRO-LENS WAVEGUIDE AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING SAME

The Trustees of Columbia ...

1. A probe structure, comprising:a substrate;
a waveguide disposed on the substrate; and
a micro-lens extending from the waveguide, wherein the waveguide and the micro-lens are formed together as a single integrated structure, wherein the micro-lens is one of a plurality of micro-lenses located at intervals along the waveguide, and wherein each of the plurality of micro-lenses and corresponding portions of the waveguide are configured as a half period of a Graded Refractive Index (GRIN) lens.

US Pat. No. 10,690,848

PHOTONIC CHIP WITH INTEGRATED COLLIMATION STRUCTURE

1. A photonic chip including:a light guiding layer supported by a substrate,
a front face on the light guiding layer side,
a rear face on the substrate side,
a lens integrated at the level of the rear face,
a light guiding structure in the light guiding layer, and
a vertical coupler in the light guiding layer,
wherein the light guiding structure is optically coupled to the vertical coupler, wherein the vertical coupler is configured to receive/transfer light from/to the light guiding structure and form/receive a light beam in the direction of/from the lens, wherein the lens includes a plurality of trenches made in the rear face, the trenches delineating a two-dimensional array of posts and each post having, in a direction orthogonal to the front and rear faces, an invariable thickness,
wherein the substrate has a thickness Th and a refractive index n10, the light beam forms an angle ?2 with an axis perpendicular to the front and rear faces, the light has a wavelength ?, the light beam formed/received by the vertical coupler has a mode size Do=2.wo and the two-dimensional array of posts has a characteristic dimension greater than or equal to Th×2?/(?. wo×cos ?2. n10).

US Pat. No. 10,690,847

METHOD OF MAKING A PHOTONIC CRYSTAL DEVICE AND PHOTONIC CRYSTAL DEVICE

BRAGGONE OY, Oulu (FI)

1. A method of making a photonic crystal device, comprising the steps ofproviding a substrate consisting of glass, plastic, silicon, or ceramic;
depositing directly on the substrate in a single step a metal oxide polymer in the liquid phase and heating to remove the solvent and form a continuous first layer consisting of a first optical material having only a single first index of refraction at a wavelength of 632.8 nm;
depositing directly on only the first layer in a single step a metalloid oxide polymer in the liquid phase and heating to remove the solvent and form a continuous second layer consisting of a second optical material having only a single second index of refraction at a wavelength of 632.8 nm, which is lower than that of the first optical material; and
depositing directly on only the second layer in a single step a metalloid oxide polymer in the liquid phase and heating to remove the solvent and form a continuous third layer consisting of a third optical material having only a single third index of refraction at a wavelength of 632.8 nm;
wherein
the single index of refraction of the first optical material is 1.9 or higher at a wavelength of 632.8 nm;
the single index of refraction of the second optical material is 1.4 or less at a wavelength of 632.8 nm; and
the single index of refraction of the third optical material is 1.4 or less at a wavelength of 632.8 nm;
wherein the second layer does not contact the substrate and the third layer does not contact the first layer.

US Pat. No. 10,690,846

LIGHT PROJECTING METHOD AND DEVICE

Shenzhen Guangjian Techno...

1. A light projecting system, comprising:a waveguide comprising a first surface, a second surface, and a fourth surface, at least one of the first surface or the second surface comprising a first plurality of grating structures;
a light source coupling light into the waveguide to form an in-coupled light beam, wherein:
the waveguide is configured to guide the in-coupled light beam to undergo total internal reflection between the first surface and the second surface until reaching the fourth surface, and
each of the first grating structures is configured to disrupt the total internal reflection to cause at least a portion of the in-coupled light beam to couple out of the waveguide, the portion of the in-coupled light beam coupled out of the waveguide being an out-coupled light beam, and a remainder beam of the in-coupled light beam undergoing the total internal reflection being coupled out of the waveguide from the fourth surface after the out-coupling at each of the first grating structures; and
a detector configured to receive and measure the remainder beam, wherein the light source or a light blocker at least decreases the strength of the in-coupled light beam in response to the remainder beam exceeding a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,690,845

THREE DIMENSIONAL OPTICAL INTERCONNECTS

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...

1. A structure comprising:a first structure comprising a grating coupler and a first optical waveguide structure; and
a second structure comprising a second optical waveguide structure in alignment with the first optical waveguide structure and which has a modal effective index that matches to the first optical waveguide structure.

US Pat. No. 10,690,844

MULTIMODE OPTICAL FIBER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM INCLUDING SINGLE MODE FIBER

Corning Incorporated, Co...

1. A multimode optical fiber comprising:a core with a diameter D40;
a cladding surrounding the core;
a refractive index profile defined by the core and the cladding and that defines an optimal multimode transmission at a wavelength ?1 situated between 840 nm and 860 nm, the fiber being structured to be capable of single mode transmission in an LP01 mode at an operating wavelength ?o>950 nm; and
the LP01 mode having a mode field diameter LP01MFDMM?0 in the range 8.5 ?m a cutoff wavelength >1600 nm; and
a modal bandwidth of at least 2.5 GHz·Km at the wavelength ?1.

US Pat. No. 10,690,843

MULTICORE FIBER

Fujikura Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

1. A multicore fiber comprising:a first core having a first propagation loss of a first light beam in a mode one order higher than a mode of a second light beam that transmits information, wherein
the first propagation loss is 0.02 dB/m or more and less than 1 dB/m, in a wavelength band of light beams, including the second light beam, that transmit the information when a bend having a diameter of 280 mm is applied to the multicore fiber.

US Pat. No. 10,690,842

WASH LIGHT LUMINAIRE WITH SPECIAL EFFECTS CAPABILITIES

Robe Lighting s.r.o., Ro...

1. An automated luminaire comprising:a light emitting diode (LED) array source configured to emit a plurality of colored light beams;
a light guide optically coupled to the LED array source and configured to receive the plurality of colored light beams emitted by the LED array source and to emit a partially homogenized light beam that includes at least some visible separation of the received plurality of colored light beams; and
a lens optically coupled to the light guide and configured to receive the partially homogenized light beam and to move along an optical axis of the light guide, the lens being configured to project a pattern of the visibly separated colored light beams in the partially homogenized light beam, the pattern spreading and contracting as the lens moves along the optical axis of the light guide.

US Pat. No. 10,690,841

BACKLIGHT MODULE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

Beijing BOE Chatani Elect...

1. A backlight module, comprising:a light guide plate provided with a hole thereon;
a diffusion assembly disposed over the light guide plate; and
a light source assembly having a light emitting portion, the light emitting portion being disposed within the hole and including a chip-on-board (COB) light source with an out-light surface facing towards the diffusion assembly and a light-emitting diode (LED) light source with an out-light surface facing towards a hole wall of the hole, wherein:
the light source assembly further includes a drive motor having a drive shaft;
the light emitting portion further includes a printed circuit board (PCB) board in an elongated shape fixed to the drive shaft of the drive motor, the COB light source being disposed at a side of the PCB board close to the diffusion assembly, and the LED light source being disposed on a side of the PCB board close to the hole wall at each of both ends of the PCB board in a longitudinal direction; and
a transmittance at a position of the diffusion assembly opposite to the COB light source is smaller than a transmittance at a remaining position thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,690,840

BACKLIGHT MODULE THAT HAS A REDUCED THICKNESS COMPRISING AN OPTICAL ASSEMBLY AND DISPLAY DEVICE COMPRISING THE SAME

INNOLUX CORPORATION, Mia...

1. A backlight module, comprising:an optical assembly comprising a base film, a first conductive layer, and a first reflective layer, wherein the first conductive layer is disposed on the base film, the first reflective layer is disposed on the first conductive layer, the first reflective layer includes a first part and a second part, and the first part is connected to the second part;
a plurality of first light units disposed on the first part and extending through the first part to be electrically connected to the first conductive layer; and
a light guide plate disposed on the second part;
wherein the first conductive layer comprises a circuit part and a patterned part, the circuit part is corresponding to the first part, and the patterned part is corresponding to the second part, the circuit part and the plurality of first light units are electrically connected to each other, and the patterned part has a mesh structure.

US Pat. No. 10,690,839

REFLECTIVE POLARIZING MODULE FOR ENABLING BENDING REDUCTION AND BACK LIGHT UNIT HAVING SAME

LMS Co., Ltd., Pyeongtae...

1. A reflective polarizing module enabling a reduction in bending, the reflective polarizing module comprising:a reflective polarization sheet in a form of a multilayer stack having different refractive indices to selectively transmit light, the reflective polarization sheet comprising a cooled surface cooled in contact with a separate cooling roll in a heated state and an exposed surface stacked on an upper surface of the cooled surface and slowly cooled while being exposed to air, wherein a contraction ratio of the cooled surface, due to an increase in temperature, is greater than a contraction ratio of the exposed surface; and
a bonding layer disposed on at least one of the cooled surface and the exposed surface to bond the reflective polarization module and a separate optical module to reduce contraction and bending of the reflective polarization sheet, caused by an increase in temperature of the reflective polarization sheet due to a difference between the contraction ratio of the cooled surface and the contraction ratio of the exposed surface.

US Pat. No. 10,690,838

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND BACKLIGHT MODULE

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. A liquid crystal display device, comprising: a display module and a backlight module, wherein the backlight module comprises:a light guide plate;
a frame, including a lateral plate disposed opposite to a light incident surface of the light guide plate;
a light source, comprising a flexible printed circuit and a LED, and the flexible printed circuit including a vertical portion and a first horizontal portion, wherein the vertical portion is disposed between the lateral plate and the light incident surface of the light guide plate, the LED is disposed on a surface of the vertical portion facing the light guide plate, and the first horizontal portion is a part of the vertical portion bending toward the light guide plate;
a reflection layer, disposed on a bottom portion of the light guide plate; and
an optical film set, disposed on a top portion of the light guide plate;
wherein the display module is disposed above the backlight module and connected to the lateral plate of the frame.

US Pat. No. 10,690,837

BACKLIST DISPLAYS WITH BENT LIGHT GUIDE LAYERS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A display, comprising:an array of liquid crystal display pixels;
a backlight that supplies backlight illumination to the array of liquid crystal display pixels, wherein the backlight includes a light guide layer having first and second planar portions that are overlapped by the array of liquid crystal display pixels and a bent edge portion that extends between the first and second planar portions, wherein the first planar portion includes light-scattering structures, wherein the bent edge portion is free of light-scattering structures, wherein the backlight includes light-emitting diodes that are mounted on a printed circuit board and that emit light into an edge surface of the bent edge portion, and wherein the bent edge portion has a curved inner surface and an opposing curved outer surface;
a metal coating on the curved outer surface of the bent edge portion of the light guide layer;
a light detector adjacent to the bent edge portion that is configured to measure light leaking from the curved outer surface of the bent edge portion, wherein the metal coating is interposed between the bent edge portion and the light detector;
a support structure with a curved surface, wherein the support structure is interposed between the first and second planar portions; and
an elastomeric material interposed between the curved surface of the support structure and the curved inner surface of the bent edge portion.

US Pat. No. 10,690,836

DISPLAY CARRIER ATTACHED LIGHT BAR FOR BACKLIT DISPLAYS

INTEL CORPORATION, Santa...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a display carrier to carry a plurality of components of a display stack including at least a light guide panel (LGP) layer, the display carrier comprising:
a first surface;
a trace disposed on the first surface; and
a first light emitting diode (LED) directly coupled to the first surface, the first LED in electrical communication with the trace and in thermal communication with the first surface, the display carrier arranged to carry the LGP layer such that the LGP layer is in optical communication with the first LED.

US Pat. No. 10,690,835

OPTICAL MEMBER AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An optical member comprising:a light guide plate including a surface disposed on a plane defined by a first direction and a second direction crossing the first direction;
a low refractive index pattern disposed on the surface of the light guide plate and including an opening for exposing the surface of the light guide plate;
a wavelength conversion layer disposed on the low refractive index pattern; and
a passivation layer disposed on the wavelength conversion layer and configured to cover an upper surface of the wavelength conversion layer, the passivation overlapping the low refractive index pattern,
wherein:
the low refractive index pattern has a lower index of refraction than the light guide plate;
a ratio of an area occupied by the low refractive index pattern to an area of the surface of the light guide plate decreases in the first direction;
the low refractive index pattern comprises a plurality of particles; and
is the plurality of particles include an inorganic material.

US Pat. No. 10,690,834

BACKLIGHT DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

BEIJING BOE DISPLAY TECHN...

1. A backlight device, comprising:a backlight source;
a light guide plate on a light exit side of the backlight source;
a reflective layer on a side of the backlight source opposite the light guide plate;
an optical adhesive layer on one of a first surface of the light guide plate facing the backlight source or a second surface of the light guide plate opposite to the first surface; and
an outcoupling structure on an the first surface or the second surface of the light guide plate which is opposite to the optical adhesive layer,
wherein the optical adhesive layer comprises a plurality of grooves in a first array and a light emitting quantum dot material within ones of the plurality of grooves,
wherein the light emitting quantum dot material is configured to receive light from the backlight source and at least partially convert the light into a different wavelength light,
wherein the outcoupling structure comprises a plurality of sub-outcoupling structures in a second array, and
wherein the outcoupling structure is configured to couple out the light from the light guide plate.

US Pat. No. 10,690,833

LIGHT GUIDE PLATE ASSEMBLY, BACKLIGHT SOURCE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A light guide plate assembly comprising:at least two light guide plates that are stacked on each other;
wherein refractive indexes of the light guide plates are gradually reduced in a stacking direction of the light guide plates from a top surface of the light guide plate assembly to a bottom surface of the light guide plate assembly; and
wherein one side of each of the light guide plates is provided with a refraction cavity; and
wherein the refraction cavities of adjacent ones of the light guide plates are disposed in different sides of the light guide plate assembly in a staggered manner; and
wherein a light scattering layer is disposed at an inner wall that encloses the refraction cavity of each of the light guide plates.

US Pat. No. 10,690,832

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL, DISPLAY DEVICE AND DRIVING METHOD FOR THE SAME

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A liquid crystal display panel, comprising an array of pixel units, wherein each pixel unit comprises a plurality of sub-pixel units, wherein the liquid crystal display panel further comprises:a first substrate and a second substrate opposite to each other;
a liquid crystal layer as well as a pixel electrode layer and a common electrode layer for driving the liquid crystal layer between the first substrate and the second substrate; and
a waveguide grating between the liquid crystal layer and the first substrate, wherein the waveguide grating comprises a waveguide layer and a grating layer on a surface of the waveguide layer facing the liquid crystal layer, and the grating layer is in contact with the liquid crystal layer; wherein
the pixel electrode layer comprises an array of pixel sub-electrodes insulated from each other, wherein each sub-pixel unit corresponds to a plurality of pixel sub-electrodes;
the grating layer comprises an array of grating units, wherein each grating unit comprises a plurality of grating sub-units, and each grating sub-unit corresponds to a pixel sub-electrode; and
a refractive index of each grating sub-unit is configured for allowing no light to be transmitted through a corresponding portion of liquid crystal when a first voltage is applied to a respective pixel sub-electrode, and for allowing light to be transmitted through a corresponding portion of liquid crystal with a predetermined grayscale when a second voltage is applied to a respective pixel sub-electrode, wherein the second voltage is different from the first voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,690,831

ANISOTROPICALLY FORMED DIFFRACTION GRATING DEVICE

Facebook Technologies, LL...

1. A diffraction grating comprising:a substrate;
an array of ridges extending from the substrate, the ridges running parallel to one another in a plane parallel to a plane of the substrate and having triangular cross-sections, such that first sides of the ridges face in a first direction and adjacent second sides of the ridges face in a second, different direction; and
an array of grating lines having a different refractive index than the array of ridges, each grating line of the array of grating lines comprising a slab of transparent material supported by the first side of a corresponding ridge of the array of ridges, wherein the array of grating lines has a duty cycle of between 0.01 and 0.3 or between 0.7 and 0.99.

US Pat. No. 10,690,830

LIGHT GUIDE, DISPLAY DEVICE, AND GAME MACHINE

Omron Corporation, Kyoto...

1. A light guide that guides incident light rays and emits some of the incident light rays from a light exit surface, the light guide comprisinga plurality of light exit areas arranged adjacent to one another and configured to change directions of the incident light rays and emit the incident light rays from the light exit surface,
wherein
each of the light exit areas includes a plurality of light exit parts in which directions of light rays with maximum intensities out of light rays to be emitted are substantially the same,
the light exit parts in each of the light exit areas are configured so that the directions of the light rays with the maximum intensities out of the light rays to be emitted from each of the light exit areas are random, and
each of the light exit areas has a strip shape, and lengths of the light exit areas are random.

US Pat. No. 10,690,829

LIGHT-EMITTING TEXTILE WITH OPTICAL FIBERS

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

1. An optical device, comprising:a light source;
one or more optical fibers extending from the light source, the one or more optical fibers configured to conduct light received from the light source via internal reflection; and
at least one of the one or more optical fibers having a plurality of individually controllable light-emitting locations disposed along the optical fiber, wherein each light-emitting location is controllable to emit light independently of other light-emitting locations.

US Pat. No. 10,690,828

ADHESIVE-FREE POLARIZER

Moxtek, Inc., Orem, UT (...

1. A method of making a polarizer, the method comprising:providing a wire grid polarizer including a substrate having a first face, and a second face opposite of the first face and an array of wires on the first face of the substrate with channels between adjacent wires;
applying a thin film, including:
applying a lower layer over a distal end of the array of wires farther from the substrate;
applying a middle layer over the lower layer, the middle layer having an index of refraction greater than an index of refraction of the lower layer;
applying an upper layer over the middle layer, the upper layer having an index of refraction less than an index of refraction of the middle layer;
the thin film having a solid first surface farther from the array of wires, being an outer surface of the upper layer, and a solid second surface facing the array of wires and the first face of the substrate;
polishing the solid first surface of the thin film; and
directly bonding the solid first surface of the thin film to a solid surface of a first piece of glass.

US Pat. No. 10,690,827

TRANSMISSION DECORATIVE FILM AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING TRANSMISSION DECORATIVE FILM

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A transmission decorative film comprising:a circular polarization plate; and
a circular polarization reflection layer disposed on the circular polarization plate,
wherein the circular polarization reflection layer includes at least one or more first cholesteric liquid crystalline layers that reflect any one of left circularly polarized light or right circularly polarized light,
the first cholesteric liquid crystalline layer includes two or more reflection regions having different selective reflection wavelengths, and
the circular polarization plate transmits circularly polarized light having a revolution direction opposite to a revolution direction of the circularly polarized light reflected by the first cholesteric liquid crystalline layer.

US Pat. No. 10,690,826

VIRTUAL AND AUGMENTED REALITY SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Magic Leap, Inc., Planta...

1. A method of manufacturing a waveguide structure, the method comprising:forming a liquid crystal in-coupling optical element, wherein forming the liquid crystal in-coupling optical element comprises:
depositing a resist material on a waveguide substrate;
imprinting a pattern on the resist material using an imprint template, wherein the imprint template comprises an imprint pattern with multi-tier geometry;
jet depositing a layer of liquid crystal material on the patterned resist material such that molecules of the liquid crystal material are self-aligned to the pattern; and
immobilizing the molecules of the liquid crystal material by subjecting the liquid crystal material to an immobilization process.

US Pat. No. 10,690,825

COLOR FILTER FOR LOW TEMPERATURE APPLICATIONS

BASF SE, (DE)

1. A mixture of two or more different polyacrylate monomers of formula (I)
wherein n is 4; and
R1, R2, and R3 are independently from each other H or a group of formula

where R4 is independently from each other H or methyl;
with the proviso that at least three groups of formula (II) are present, and an amount of sorbitol hexaglycerolate hexa(meth)acrylate of 20 to 60% by weight, based on the two or more different polyacrylate monomers of formula (I).

US Pat. No. 10,690,824

OPTICAL LAMINATE

Sumitomo Chemical Company...

1. An optical laminate comprising at least one polarizing plate and at least one pressure-sensitive adhesive layer and satisfying the following formulae (1) and (2):A(400)?0.5  (1)
A(420)/A(400)?0.3  (2)
where A(400) represents the absorbance of the optical laminate at a wavelength of 400 nm in the transmission direction of the polarizing plate and A(420) represents the absorbance of the optical laminate at a wavelength of 420 nm in the transmission direction of the polarizing plate,
wherein the at least one pressure-sensitive adhesive layer contains a light-selective absorption compound, represented by the formula (I):

wherein;
R1 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms provided that when the alkyl group has at least one methylene group, at least one of these methylene groups is optionally substituted with an oxygen atom or a sulfur atom, and R2 and R3 independently from each other represent a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms; and
A represents a methylene group, a secondary amino group, an oxygen atom, or a sulfur atom; and
X1 and X2 independently from each other represent an electron attractive group provided that X1 and X2 may be combined to form a ring structure
wherein the electron attractive group is selected from a cyano group, a nitro group, a halogen atom, an alkyl group substituted with a halogen atom, and —Y1—R4, wherein R4 represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 2 to 50 carbon atoms, or an alkyl group having at least one methylene group and 2 to 50 carbon atoms, provided that at least one methylene group is substituted with an oxygen atom and a substituent may be combined with a carbon atom on the alkyl group, and Y1 represents —CO—, —COO—, —OCO—, NR5CO—, or —CONR6, wherein R5 and R6 independently represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, or a phenyl group,
wherein the at least one pressure-sensitive adhesive layer includes a pressure-sensitive adhesive composition containing:
(A) an acrylic resin which is a copolymer having a weight average molecular weight of 500000 to 2000000 and including, as structural components;
(A-1) 50 to 99.9% by mass of two or more (meth)acrylate monomers represented by the formula (A-1):

wherein Rp represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, Rq represents an alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms or an aralkyl group in which hydrogen atoms constituting the alkyl group or aralkyl group are optionally substituted with —O—(C2H4O)n—Rr (n denotes an integer from 0 to 4 and Rr represents an alkyl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms or an aryl group having 1 to 12 carbon atoms); and
(A-2) 0.1 to 50% by mass of an unsaturated monomer having a polar functional group, based on the total solid content of the acrylic resin;
(B) 0.01 to 10 parts by mass of a crosslinking agent based on 100 parts by mass of the acrylic resin; and
(C) the light-selective absorption compound satisfies the following formula (3):
?(420)/?(400)?0.3  (3)
where ?(400) L/(g·cm) represents a gram absorption coefficient at a wavelength of 400 nm and ?(420) L/(g·cm) represents a gram absorption coefficient at a wavelength of 420 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,690,823

OMNIDIRECTIONAL STRUCTURAL COLOR MADE FROM METAL AND DIELECTRIC LAYERS

TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION,...

1. A high-chroma omnidirectional structural color multilayer structure comprising:a multilayer stack having:
a core layer;
a dielectric layer extending across said core layer; and
an absorber layer extending across said dielectric layer with an interface therebetween;
said interface between said dielectric layer and said absorber layer having a near-zero electric field at a first incident electromagnetic wavelength and a large electric field at a second incident electromagnetic wavelength, said second incident electromagnetic wavelength not equal to said first incident electromagnetic wavelength,
said multilayer stack having a single narrow reflection band with a full width half maximum (FWHM) width of less than 200 nanometers in the visible spectrum and a minimum color change with a hue shift of less than 30 degrees when viewed from angles between 0 and 45 degrees that provides a high-chroma omnidirectional structural color;
said dielectric layer having a thickness of less than or equal to 2 quarter wave (QW) of a center wavelength of said narrow reflection band.

US Pat. No. 10,690,822

PIXEL STRUCTURE, COLOR FILTER SUBSTRATE, AND DISPLAY PANEL

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A pixel structure, comprising a plurality of pixel units arranged in an array, each of the pixel units comprising a red sub-pixel, a green sub-pixel, a blue sub-pixel, and a white sub-pixel, wherein the white sub-pixel is inlaid in at least one sub-pixel of the red sub-pixel, the green sub-pixel, and the blue sub-pixel, and the red sub-pixel, the green sub-pixel, and the blue sub-pixel are each of a multiple-domain structure that comprises multiple domain areas; the white sub-pixel is distributed in the multiple domain areas of the one of the sub-pixels in which the white sub-pixel is arranged, the white sub-pixel being divided into a plurality of white sub-pixel sections having identical sizes, each of the white sub-pixel sections being associated with and located in one of the domain areas;wherein in each of the pixel units that is formed of the red sub-pixel, the green sub-pixel, the blue sub-pixel, and the white sub-pixel, the at least one sub-pixel of the red sub-pixel, the green sub-pixel, the blue sub-pixel has a single integrated single area that comprises multiple domain areas of one single color, and the white sub-pixel comprises the plurality of sub-pixel sections that are separate parts of the white sub-pixel, the separate parts of the white sub-pixel being respectively arranged in the multiple domain areas of the single integrated area of the at least one sub-pixel of the red sub-pixel, the green sub-pixel, the blue sub-pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,690,821

METHODS OF PRODUCING SLANTED GRATINGS

Applied Materials, Inc., ...

1. A method of forming a diffracted optical element, comprising:providing an optical grating layer atop a substrate;
providing a patterned hardmask over the optical grating layer;
forming a mask over just a portion of the optical grating layer and the patterned hardmask, wherein the mask is formed directly atop a top surface of the optical grating layer; and
etching a plurality of trenches into the optical grating layer to form an optical grating, wherein a first depth of a first trench of the plurality of trenches is different than a second depth of a second trench of the plurality of trenches.

US Pat. No. 10,690,820

RETROREFLECTOR

ASUKANET COMPANY, LTD., ...

1. A retroreflector comprising:light reflecting grooves arranged in parallel; and
partition walls that are arranged in parallel at predetermined intervals and that orthogonally intersect with the light reflecting grooves;
the light reflecting grooves and the partition walls being on an upper side of a flat plate block,
wherein the light reflecting groove is provided with first and second light reflecting surfaces that orthogonally intersect with each other,
the partition wall is provided with a draft that upwardly becomes smaller in width, and the partition wall has a perpendicular light-reflecting surface that orthogonally intersects with the first and second light reflecting surfaces on one side of the partition wall, and
the first and second light reflecting surfaces and the perpendicular light-reflecting surface operate as cubic corners, and perform retroreflection.

US Pat. No. 10,690,819

MULTI-LAYER SEALING FILMS

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

1. A microstructured article, comprising:a plurality of microstructured elements; and
a multi-layer sealing film adhered to portions of the microstructured elements such that the multi-layer sealing film maintains an air interface between the microstructured elements and the multi-layer sealing film, wherein the multi-layer sealing film comprises:
a first sealing film layer including a first thermoplastic polymeric material comprising reaction products of alkylene in an amount of at least about 50% by weight and reaction products of at least one non-acidic comonomer in an amount of less than about 25 wt %;
a second sealing film layer including at least one of a polyolefin, a polyester, a polymethyl methacrylate, a polyamide, a polycarbonate, an ethylene-methacrylic acid, or a polyurethane; and
a third sealing film layer comprising at least one of:
a second thermoplastic polymeric material including reaction products of alkylene in an amount of at least about 50% by weight and reaction products of at least one non-acidic comonomer in an amount of less than about 25% by weight, or
at least one of a polyolefin, a polyester, a polymethyl methacrylate, a polyamide, a polycarbonate, an ethylene-methacrylic acid, or a polyurethane.

US Pat. No. 10,690,818

ANTI-GLARE SUBSTRATES WITH A UNIFORM TEXTURED SURFACE AND LOW SPARKLE AND METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

CORNING INCORPORATED, Co...

1. An anti-glare article comprising:a substrate having a surface;
a plurality of features disposed on the surface,
wherein 50% or more of the plurality of features comprise a normalized area in the range from 0.5 to 1.5, wherein the normalized area is defined as the relationship of a surface area of a feature divided by an average surface area of all features, and wherein 90% or more of the plurality of features have a surface area of 100 ?m2 or less.

US Pat. No. 10,690,817

ULTRA-THIN, PLANAR, PLASMONIC METADEVICES

Purdue Research Foundatio...

1. A method of making a planar plasmonic device, wherein the method comprises:forming a plurality of nanovoids in a subwavelength-thick film, wherein said nanovoids form a pattern, and wherein a shape of each nanovoid provides a change of phase and magnitude of an incoming radiation due to plasmonic resonance of the radiation coupled to this nanovoid, wherein the shape of each nanovoid is configured to provide individual resonance characteristics, wherein the shape of the each nanovoid of the plurality of nanovoids is configured to provide a given phase front of outcoming radiation which is combined from portions of radiation exiting all nanovoids in said film, wherein a distribution of the plurality of nanovoids are configured to form a visible holographic image of an object.

US Pat. No. 10,690,816

SYSTEMS AND METHODS REDUCE TEMPERATURE INDUCED DRIFT EFFECTS ON A LIQUID LENS

COGNEX CORPORATION, Nati...

1. A method of optimizing a focal distance of an adjustable lens in a vision system, the method comprising:a. receiving a first trigger signal;
b. adjusting focal distance of the variable lens by a first number of steps around a first target distance, and capturing an image at each step;
c. calculating a sharpness score for a ROI within each of the images;
d. determining which of the captured images has the highest sharpness score, the image with the highest sharpness score having been captured by the adjustable lens at a first focal distance;
e. attempting to read the image with the highest sharpness score by decoding a symbol or code in the image;
f. using the first focal distance as a second target distance for a subsequent trigger only if the symbol or code of the image with the highest sharpness score is successfully decoded.

US Pat. No. 10,690,815

TUNABLE LENS DEVICE

OPTOTUNE CONSUMER AG, Di...

1. A lens device, comprising:a transparent and elastically expandable membrane;
an optical element facing the membrane;
a wall member, wherein the optical element and the membrane are connected to the wall member such that a volume is formed;
a fluid residing in the volume; and
a lens shaping member attached to the membrane;wherein the lens device comprises an actuator means that is designed to move the lens shaping member in an axial direction with respect to the optical element so as to adjust the pressure of the fluid residing inside the volume and therewith a curvature of the membrane, wherein the axial direction is oriented perpendicular to a plane along which the optical element extends, and wherein the actuator means is designed to tilt the lens shaping member with respect to said plane, so as to form the volume into prism for deflecting light passing through the volume,wherein the lens shaping member delimits an optically active and elastically expandable region of the membrane, wherein said region extends up to an inner edge of the lens shaping member, and wherein said region comprises said curvature of the membrane to be adjusted,
wherein the wall member has a continuous recess extending from a first side of the wail member to a second side of the wall member, which second side faces away from the first side, wherein the optical element is connected to the first side, and wherein said membrane is connected to the second side,
wherein the actuator means comprises a plurality of magnets, and
wherein the actuator means comprises a plurality of coils, wherein to each magnet a different coil of said plurality of coils is associated, wherein the respective coil comprises a conductor that is wound around a coil axis running perpendicular to said plane, wherein the respective coil extends along the respective magnet and faces the respective magnet, so that when a current is applied to the respective coil, a Lorentz force is generated that causes the respective magnet and the respective coil to attract each other or to repel each other depending on the direction of the current in the respective coil.

US Pat. No. 10,690,814

LENS SUBSTRATE, SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

Sony Semiconductor Soluti...

1. A lens substrate, comprising:a substrate having a through-hole;
a lens disposed in the through-hole; and
a plurality of grooves disposed adjacent to the through-hole in a cross-sectional view,
wherein the plurality of grooves is arranged in a zigzag configuration with each groove of the plurality of grooves tapering from a top portion of the substrate towards a bottom portion of the substrate, and
wherein a width of the plurality of grooves is greater than a width of the through-hole.

US Pat. No. 10,690,813

IMAGING OPTICS ADAPTED TO THE HUMAN EYE RESOLUTION

Tesseland LLC, Madrid (E...

1. A display device comprising:a display, operable to generate a real image; and
an optical system, comprising one or more lenslets, arranged to generate a virtual sub-image from a respective partial real image on the display, by each lenslet projecting light from the display to an eye position;
wherein the rays of said projected light from each lenslet meet its corresponding pupil range of an eye sphere at said eye position, said pupil range comprising at least a circle of 15 degrees on the eye sphere, and said rays of said projected light comprise both peripheral and foveal rays, the foveal rays being those forming an angle smaller than 2.5° to a radial direction of the eye sphere at the point where the respective ray meets the eye sphere, and the peripheral rays being those that reach the peripheral retina; and
wherein the resolution of the virtual image produced by said foveal rays is higher than that produced by said peripheral rays.

US Pat. No. 10,690,812

OPTICAL ELEMENT AND OPTICAL SYSTEM FOR EUV LITHOGRAPHY, AND METHOD FOR TREATING SUCH AN OPTICAL ELEMENT

CARL ZEISS SMT GMBH, Obe...

1. Optical element, comprising:a substrate,
an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) radiation reflecting multilayer system applied to the substrate, and
a protective layer system applied to the multilayer system and having at least a first and a second layer,
wherein the first layer is arranged closer to the multilayer system than is the second layer,
wherein the first layer has a lower solubility for hydrogen than does the second layer,
wherein the first layer is formed from an amorphous or monocrystalline material, and
wherein: ln (s1)<3, where s1 is the solubility for hydrogen of the first layer, and/or ln
(s2)>5, where s2 is the solubility for hydrogen of the second layer,
wherein the first layer is formed from a material selected from the group consisting of: Ru, Ir, Ni, Fe, Co, Cu.

US Pat. No. 10,690,811

STRUCTURE HAVING LOW REFLECTANCE SURFACE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE STRUCTURE, AND SOLAR CELL AND OPTICAL FILM HAVING THE STRUCTURE

AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY-...

1. A structure having a low reflectance surface, wherein the structure comprises:a base plate; and
a plurality of inclined rods protruding from a first face of the base plate and inclined relative to a normal line to the first face, wherein the inclined rods are spaced from each other,
wherein the inclined rods are made of s same material as the base plate, and
wherein each of protruding lengths of the inclined rods from the first face is in a range of 2 ?m inclusive to 20 ?m inclusive.

US Pat. No. 10,690,810

ANTIREFLECTION FILM AND DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING HARD COATING LAYER WITH SPECIFIED SURFACE ROUGHNESS AND INTERNAL HAZE

LG CHEM LTD., Seoul (KR)...

1. An antireflection film, comprising:a hard coating layer having a ten-point average roughness (Rz) of the surface irregularities in range of 0.05 ?m to 0.2 ?m and an internal haze in range of 2.1% to 5%;
a low refractive index layer formed on the hard coating layer; and
wherein in the result of the diffuse distribution of the reflected light source for the antireflection film, the average value of the ratio of the respective light intensity values to the specular reflection light intensity values at an angle of +1° and ?1° from the specular reflection is 0.005 to 0.100,
wherein the result of the diffuse distribution of the reflected light source for the antireflection film applies an incident angle of 45°, and the specular reflection light intensity value is a reflection diffuse light intensity value at 45° corresponding to the specular reflection of the incident angle.

US Pat. No. 10,690,809

ANGLE MULTIPLEXED METASURFACES

CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF T...

1. A metasurface comprising:a metallic reflector;
a spacer layer on the metallic reflector; and
an array of scattering elements on the spacer layer, each scattering element of the array of scattering element having a height, and a substantially rectangular U-shaped cross section defined by four cross section dimensions,
wherein:
the four cross section dimensions are Dx, Dy, Dxin, and Dyin,
at least one scattering element of the array of scattering elements has a different value than at least one other scattering element of the array of scattering elements, for at least one of Dx, Dy, Dxin, and Dyin,
the height and Dx, Dy, Dxin, and Dyin for each scattering element of the array of scattering elements are selected so that a first electromagnetic wave incident at a first angle to the metasurface is reflected with a first phase shift, and a second electromagnetic wave incident at a second angle to the metasurface is reflected with a second phase shift,
the first angle is different from the second angle, and
the first phase shift is different from the second phase shift;
wherein the spacer layer comprises silicon dioxide and the array of scattering elements comprises amorphous silicon.

US Pat. No. 10,690,808

METASURFACE LIGHT-RECYCLING COLOR FILTER FOR LCD DISPLAY

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:a first polarizer;
a second polarizer;
a thin film transistor layer positioned between the first polarizer and the second polarizer;
a layer of liquid crystals arranged in a pixel array and positioned between the thin film transistor layer and the second polarizer; and
a metasurface positioned between the layer of liquid crystals and the second polarizer, the metasurface consisting of dielectric material, wherein
the metasurface includes a first portion having a base and a first plurality of structures extending from the base of the first portion,
the metasurface includes a second portion having a base and a second plurality of structures extending from the base of the second portion, and
the first plurality of structures have a different size or shape than the second plurality of structures.

US Pat. No. 10,690,807

ENVIRONMENTAL SENSOR APPARATUS

NEO MOBILE TECHNOLOGY INC...

1. An environmental sensor apparatus comprising:a light shielding portion in which a plurality of light shielding plates are stacked;
a bracket formed below the light shielding portion to fix the light shielding portion; and
an environmental sensor portion disposed inside the light shielding portion, and
a circuit board which is connected in circuit with the environmental sensor portion,
wherein the light shielding plate includes an insertion space portion providing an insertion space of the circuit board and a guide portion guiding the insertion of the circuit board to the inner surface of the insertion space portion,
the guide portion guides the circuit board to be inserted in a longitudinal direction of the side of the circuit board, and
the circuit board is mounted inside the light shielding portion.

US Pat. No. 10,690,806

WEATHER FORECASTS THROUGH POST-PROCESSING

The Climate Corporation, ...

1. A method comprising:receiving over a computer network and storing in an ensemble database, electronic digital data representing a plurality of historical ensemble-based weather forecasts corresponding to one or more years of weather forecasts, each of the forecasts comprising a plurality of historical ensemble members, wherein each of the historical ensemble members comprise a set of forecasted weather conditions for a plurality of days;
receiving, over the computer network, a plurality of historical weather observations and storing the plurality of historical weather observations with the plurality of historical ensemble-based weather forecasts;
determining a plurality of historical difference parameters representing differences between the historical ensemble-based weather forecasts and the corresponding historical weather observations;
receiving, over the computer network, a plurality of raw ensemble-based weather forecasts comprising a plurality of raw ensemble members, wherein each of the plurality of raw ensemble members comprise a set of forecasted weather conditions for a plurality of days;
determining a series of correlations from the plurality of raw ensemble-based weather forecasts and storing the series of correlations in computer memory;
creating and storing one or more distributions from the plurality of raw ensemble members, and applying the plurality of historical difference parameters to modify the one or more distributions to create one or more improved distributions;
creating improved ensemble members from the one or more improved distributions and the series of correlations and creating improved ensemble-based weather forecasts from the improved ensemble members from the improved ensemble members;
wherein the method is performed by one or more computing devices.

US Pat. No. 10,690,805

BOREHOLD TESTING DEVICE

Pile Dynamics, Inc., Sol...

1. An inspection system to measure the condition of at least the wall of a ground opening, the inspection system comprising a head unit configured to be lowered into an associated borehole and having a lowering mount configured to be operably and selectively joined to an associated lowering device to facilitate the lowering of the head unit into the associated borehole during a data collection phase, the data collection phase including at least one of a lowering phase wherein the head unit is lowered in the associated borehole toward an associated bottom extent of the borehole by the associated lowering device and a raising phase wherein the head unit is raised in the associated borehole away from the associated bottom extent, at least two sets of test data being collected concerning one or more physical characteristics of the associated borehole during the data collection phase, the head unit comprising an internal measurement system and a first sensor arrangement, the first sensor arrangement including a plurality of side sensors facing radially outwardly of a head axis that is generally parallel to at least a portion of an associated borehole axis and collecting a first set of data relating to one or more conditions of an associated sidewall of the associated borehole, the plurality of side sensors of the first sensor arrangement allowing the head unit to be moved during the data collection phase and collect the first set of data during at least a portion of the data collection phase without rotation about the head axis, the plurality of side sensors at least partially producing the first set of data of the at least two sets of test data collected during the data collection phase, the inspection system further including a second sensor arrangement, the second sensor arrangement including at least one bottom sensor facing downwardly and generally parallel to the head axis wherein the second sensor arrangement collects a second set of data relating to one or more conditions of an associated bottom of the associated borehole, the at least one bottom sensor of the second sensor arrangement allowing the head unit to be moved during at least a portion of the data collection phase and collect the second set of data, the at least one bottom sensor at least partially producing the second set of data of the at least two sets of test data collected during the at least a portion of the data collection phase, the head unit includes a wireless operating system, the wireless operating system includes the head unit with the internal measurement system being a self-contained operating system having an internal power supply and a data store, the data store providing at least one of commands for the operation of the head unit during the data collection phase and data storage for the storage of the at least one set of test data during the data collection phase, wherein the system includes a depth system to measure a head unit depth of the sensor arrangement within the associated borehole, the depth system including a surface unit that includes a surface unit timer, the depth system further including a head unit timer within the self-contained operating system, the depth system further including a depth sensor configured to measure movement of the associated lowering device that facilitates the lowering of the head unit into the associated borehole during the data collection phase, the surface unit timer and the head unit timer being synchronizeable to allow for the correlation of the at least one set of test data collected during the data collection phase to a corresponding depth of the head unit.

US Pat. No. 10,690,804

METHOD FOR OPERATING AN IMAGING LOCATION DEVICE AND IMAGING LOCATION DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for operating an imaging locating device, the method comprising:generating an at least two-dimensional map information item by locating objects that are concealed under an examination surface;
deriving, using an evaluation apparatus of the imaging locating device, an instruction for guiding a user in operating the imaging locating device in order to obtain an optimized gain of locating-related map information items, the instruction being derived from at least one of (i) locating data established by a locating apparatus of the imaging locating device, (ii) position data established by a position sensor of the imaging locating device, and (iii) system parameters of the imaging locating device; and
outputting the instruction to the user of the imaging locating device; and
calculating, using the evaluation apparatus, the instruction by optimizing a target function,
wherein the optimization of the target function results in identification of measurement positions at which to take measurements in order to maximize the gain of locating-related map information items.

US Pat. No. 10,690,803

MOBILE SCANNING INSPECTION SYSTEM

NUCTECH COMPANY LIMITED, ...

1. A mobile, vehicle-mounted scanning inspection system, comprising:a controller coupled to a first inspection device and a second inspection device,
a vehicle body having an inspection arm support to support an inspection arm,
the inspection arm including a cross arm and a vertical arm to define an L-shape that is deployed in use to define an inspection tunnel in which an object to be inspected is placed,
the cross arm having the first inspection device and the second inspection device,
the first inspection device is arranged on an end of the cross arm positioned to enable identification of potential collisions with the vehicle body and the second inspection device is arranged on an opposite end of the cross arm positioned to enable identification of potential collisions with the vertical arm, a distance between the first inspection device and the vehicle body is smaller than a distance between the second inspection device and the vehicle body, and a distance between the second inspection device and the vertical arm is smaller than a distance between the first inspection device and the vertical arm,
the controller configured to output four output points to control the first inspection device via four input points for selecting a coverage area of the first inspection device, the coverage area and the position of the first inspection device defining a first laser inspection plane, the first inspection device being configured to emit a laser by way of a circular scanning according to the four output points received from the controller, the first laser inspection plane being parallel to the vehicle body, and a length of the longest portion of the first laser inspection plane being longer than a length of the vehicle body, the emitted laser by way of the circular scanning being adjustable by the four input points to scan objects of irregular shapes; and
the controller configured to output four output points to control the second inspection device via four input points for selecting a coverage area of the second inspection device, the coverage area and the position of the second inspection device defining a second laser inspection plane, the second inspection device being configured to emit a laser by way of a circular scanning according to the four output points received from the controller, the second laser inspection plane being parallel to the vehicle body, and the second laser inspection plane being centered on the cross arm, and extending a first preset distance and a second preset distance forward and backward of the cross arm, the emitted laser by way of the circular scanning being adjustable by the four input points to scan objects of irregular shapes,
wherein the object is at least between the first laser inspection plane and the second laser inspection plane, at least one of the first inspection device and the second inspection device is configured to issue an alarm signal when the respective at least one of first inspection device and the second inspection device inspects an object exceeding a preset size,
wherein the first laser inspection plane is divided into a first inspection region and a second inspection region adjacent to each other, the first inspection region being closest to the rear of the vehicle body, wherein the first inspection device is configured to issue the alarm signal which comprises at least one of a first alarm signal and a second alarm signal, when the first inspection device inspects the object in the first inspection region, the first inspection device is configured to issue the first alarm signal corresponding to the first inspection region and the second inspection region based on the inspection, when the first inspection device inspects the object in the second inspection region, the first inspection device is configured to issue the second alarm signal corresponding to the second inspection region based on the inspection.

US Pat. No. 10,690,802

CEMENT EVALUATION USING NEUTRON TOOL

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A method for evaluating cement in a cased wellbore in a geological formation, the method comprising:placing a downhole tool into the cased wellbore, wherein the cased wellbore has been cased using a cement that contains a particular material;
emitting neutrons using the downhole tool, wherein the neutrons interact with an environment of the wellbore including the geological formation and the particular material, wherein the neutrons:
interact via inelastic scattering or capture of neutrons with the particular material resulting in the emission of prompt gamma ray radiation, wherein an energy spectrum of the prompt gamma ray radiation is characteristic of the particular material and/or
cause activation of the particular material resulting in the delayed emission of gamma ray radiation, wherein an energy spectrum of the delayed gamma ray radiation is characteristic of the activated particular material; and
using the downhole tool to measure the gamma ray radiation,
wherein measuring the radiation comprises:
detecting a first radiation signal representing radiation detected at a first depth of investigation using a first radiation detector;
detecting a second radiation signal representing radiation detected at a second depth of investigation greater than the first depth of investigation using a second radiation detector; and
detecting a third radiation signal representing radiation detected at a third depth of investigation greater than the second depth of investigation using a third radiation detector;
wherein the measurement of radiation enables a thickness of the cement to be estimated based at least in part on a relationship between the first radiation signal, the second radiation signal and the third radiation signal, wherein the relationship is the following:

wherein

 is a ratio between a late count of the third radiation signal and the first radiation signal and

 is a ratio between a time integral of a count of the third radiation signal and of the third second radiation signal, wherein a late count is a count after 200 microseconds.

US Pat. No. 10,690,801

SKIN EFFECT CORRECTION FOR FOCUSED ELECTRODE DEVICES BASED ON ANALYTICAL MODEL

Halliburton Energy Servic...

11. A system for evaluating formation conductivity, the system comprisingat least one processor coupled to at least one focused electrode device, wherein:
the at least one processor is configured to obtain at least one analytical model of admittance of a formation as a function of conductivity of the formation;
the at least one focused electrode device is configured to generate a plurality of samples for the admittance of the formation;
the at least one processor is further configured to determine one or more parameters of the at least one analytical model based on the plurality of samples and the at least one model;
the at least one focused electrode device is further configured to measure admittance of the formation; and
the at least one processor is further configured to calculate conductivity of the formation from the measured admittance based on the at least one analytical model with the one or more parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,690,800

ONLINE MONITORING OF PRODUCTION PROCESS USING ELECTRON PARAMAGNETIC RESONANCE(EPR)

MICROSILICON, INC., Katy...

1. A mobile electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) device for deploying in a conduit, the mobile EPR device comprising:a housing configured to be conveyed by a fluid flowing in the conduit;
a bore in the housing for receiving the fluid; and
an EPR sensor disposed adjacent to the bore for EPR sensing of the fluid as the mobile EPR device traverses a section of the conduit.

US Pat. No. 10,690,799

ANTENNA SHIELD DESIGN FOR OPTIMIZED EM WAVE PROPAGATION IN RESISTIVITY LOGGING TOOLS

HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVIC...

1. A downhole resistivity tool comprising:a resistivity tool body having a longitudinal axis;
a resistivity antenna deployed on the tool body; and
an antenna shield deployed on the tool body about the antenna, the shield comprising a sleeve having an electrically conductive sleeve wall with opposing first and second sleeve ends defining first and second continuous circumferential bands; a first set of two longitudinal slot segments through the sleeve wall each extending from a first slot end adjacent the first sleeve end to a second slot end adjacent the second sleeve end, the longitudinal slot segments joined at their second sleeve ends by a transverse slot segment; and a support column defined by the electrically conductive sleeve wall, the support column extending fully from the continuous circumferential band defined by the first sleeve end to the continuous circumferential band defined by second sleeve end such that the first and second continuous circumferential bands are electrically connected to one another through the support column.

US Pat. No. 10,690,798

GIANT DIELECTRIC NANOPARTICLES AS HIGH CONTRAST AGENTS FOR ELECTROMAGNETIC (EM) FLUIDS IMAGING IN AN OIL RESERVOIR

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. An injection fluid composition for the imaging of a subsurface hydrocarbon reservoir, comprising:an aqueous fluid; and
a contrast agent comprising a plurality of giant dielectric nanoparticles, wherein the plurality of giant dielectric nanoparticles have a dielectric constant of at least 10000 at a frequency in the range of 1 hertz (Hz) to 1 megahertz (Mhz), wherein the plurality of giant dielectric nanoparticles comprise an amount in a range of 1 weight % of the total weight (w/w %) to 10 w/w %;
wherein the injection fluid composition having the aqueous fluid and the contrast agent is introduced in the subsurface hydrocarbon reservoir to generate an image of a position of the injection fluid composition through the subsurface hydrocarbon reservoir.

US Pat. No. 10,690,797

LOCATOR DEVICE OF METAL OBJECTS WITH INTEGRATED COMMUNICATION INTERFACE

XPLORER SARL, Castanet-T...

1. A metal detector set comprising:a metal detector having:
a support rod;
a detection head placed at an end of the support rod; and
an electronic control and monitoring unit configured to manage the detection head, with said detection head and said electronic control and monitoring unit being linked to each other by a multipoint wireless link,
said metal detector set further comprising;
a proximity locator having;
a handle;
a housing;
a detection coil; and
a control and monitoring means with a radiofrequency link;
wherein said control and monitoring means as well as said radiofrequency link of said proximity locator being housed in the handle of said proximity locator,
wherein said metal detector set further comprising an operator headset also equipped with radiofrequency communication means, configured to be in radio communication with said radiofrequency link of said control and monitoring means,
wherein the radiofrequency link of said control and monitoring means of said proximity locator is configured to wirelessly exchange information with the metal detector of the metal detector set, via the multipoint wireless link of the metal detector,
wherein the information transmitted by the proximity locator via the radiofrequency link is configured to include information requesting that a detection signal provided by the detection head of the metal detector not be taken into account.

US Pat. No. 10,690,796

USER INTERFACES FOR UTILITY LOCATORS

SEESCAN, INC., San Diego...

3. A utility locator for sensing hidden or buried utilities, comprising:a housing;
an antenna array, including a plurality of outputs, for sensing a buried utility;
a distance sensor configured to determine the distance the locator is from the Earth's surface;
a non-transitory memory;
a processing element operatively coupled to an output of the antenna array and the distance sensor for generating information associated with the buried utility based on sensed signals from the buried utility and sensed signals from the distance sensor; and
a display coupled to the processing element and/or memory, wherein the display provides a user interface for visually communicating information by rendering the information on the display device, the displayed information including one or more of a simultaneous representation of information relating to a depth of at least a first sensed utility with respect to a first position of the locator, a representation of information relating to a type of the at least first sensed utility, a representation of information relating to a direction of current relating to the at least a first sensed utility, and a distance from the locator to Earth's surface;
wherein the user interface is configured to display information relating to a first direction of current relating to a first sensed utility; wherein the information includes one or more arrows or other directional indicator pointing in the first direction of current.

US Pat. No. 10,690,795

LOCATING DEVICES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS USING FREQUENCY SUITES FOR UTILITY DETECTION

SEESCAN, INC, San Diego,...

1. A buried utility locator, comprising:an antenna array for receiving magnetic field signals from a buried utility in two or more orthogonal directions, the antenna array having a bandwidth including a plurality of predefined signal frequencies in a predefined first frequency suite;
a receiver operatively coupled to the antenna array for generating a receiver output signal including amplitude and/or phase information of first two or more signal components in two or more simultaneously received signals of the first frequency suite;
a processing element operatively coupled to the receiver for receiving the receiver output signal and generating a first set of data associated with the two or more signal components of the first frequency suite;
a non-transitory memory for storing the first set of data; and
a display to render a visual output corresponding to the determined first set of data.

US Pat. No. 10,690,794

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PERFORMING OPERATIONS USING COMMUNICATIONS FOR A HYDROCARBON SYSTEM

ExxonMobil Upstream Resea...

1. A method of communicating data among a plurality of communication nodes in a communication network, the method comprising:obtaining field data for a hydrocarbon system;
creating a communication network configuration based on the obtained field data for a communication network, wherein the communication network includes a plurality of communication nodes;
configuring the plurality of communication nodes based on the communication network configuration;
configuring a control unit based on the communication network configuration and configured to exchange data packets with the plurality of communication nodes;
installing the communication nodes in the hydrocarbon system; and
exchanging data packets between the plurality of communication nodes and the control unit to perform hydrocarbon operations for the hydrocarbon system;
wherein installing the communication nodes in the hydrocarbon system comprises:
disposing a first set of communication nodes from the plurality of communication nodes into a first well;
disposing a first topside communication node from the plurality of communication nodes to a first tree associated with the first well;
disposing a second set of communication nodes from the plurality of communication nodes into a second well; and
disposing a second topside communication node from the plurality of communication nodes to a second tree associated with the second well.

US Pat. No. 10,690,793

SIMULTANEOUS SOURCE ACQUISITION AND SEPARATION ON GENERAL RELATED SAMPLING GRIDS

SEISMIC APPARITION GmbH, ...

1. A wavefield acquisition and processing method, comprising:obtaining wavefield recordings based on synchronous activation of at least two sources across two or more activation lines or activation grids, while varying a parameter of the at least two sources from one activation to a following activation, the parameter being one of source signal amplitude, source signal spectrum, source activation time, source location at activation time, and source depth, such that the varying of the parameter generates a scaled replication of a particular wavefield with limited cone-shaped support in a frequency-wavenumber domain of a particular source of the at least two sources along one or more wavenumber axes or directions, wherein the generated scaled replication overlaps the particular wavefield in the frequency-wavenumber domain;
separating, using information of the varying of the parameter, a contribution of the particular source to the obtained wavefield recordings as generated by the at least two sources individually in absence of the other sources, or in absence of effective simultaneous sources;
generating a sub-surface representation of structures or Earth media properties from the separated contribution of the at least one of the at least two sources; and
outputting the generated sub-surface representation.

US Pat. No. 10,690,792

AMPLITUDE-VERSUS-ANGLE ANALYSIS FOR QUANTITATIVE INTERPRETATION

PGS Geophysical AS, Oslo...

1. A method, comprising:updating, by a machine, a velocity model and adjusting corresponding anisotropy parameters via tomography to solve for relatively longer wavelengths in the velocity model;
performing, by the machine, full waveform inversion to solve for relatively shorter wavelengths in the velocity model;
using, by the machine, the velocity model after full waveform inversion to migrate up-going wavefields and down-going wavefields including primaries and multiples;
creating, by the machine, a plurality of angle gathers from the migration, thereby imaging a subsurface location with multiples in a near-offset range and with primaries outside the near-offset range, wherein the subsurface location is shallow such that primaries are not received from the subsurface location for a near-offset range; and
applying, by the machine, an amplitude-versus-angle analysis to the plurality of angle gathers to produce a quantitative interpretation pertaining to the shallow subsurface location.

US Pat. No. 10,690,791

METHOD, SYSTEM AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER-READABLE MEDIUM FOR FORMING A SEISMIC IMAGE OF A GEOLOGICAL STRUCTURE

STATOIL GULF SERVICES LLC...

1. A method for forming a seismic image of a geological structure, the method comprising:obtaining seismic wave data at a first region of the geological structure, the seismic wave data including a plurality of seismic wave traces;
calculating a predicted time dispersion error of an actual time dispersion error that results from a use of a finite difference approximation in calculating predicted seismic wave data at a second region of the geological structure as if a seismic wave propagates from the first region to the second region of the geological structure;
compensating each of the seismic wave traces of the seismic wave data at the first region of the geological structure with the predicted time dispersion error, before using the finite difference method to calculate the predicted seismic wave data at the second region of the geological structure;
calculating a corrected predicted seismic wave data at the second region of the geological structure by applying the finite difference approximation to the seismic wave data at the first region of the geological structure compensated with the predicted time dispersion error; and
generating a seismic image of the second region of the geological structure using the corrected predicted seismic wave data, such that the actual time dispersion error is negated by the predicted time dispersion error.

US Pat. No. 10,690,790

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR RECORDING SEISMIC SIGNALS

SHELL OIL COMPANY, Houst...

1. A method of recording seismic signals, comprising the steps of:providing a first array of non-vertically directed first borehole sections in an earth formation beneath an earth surface, comprising at least a first non-vertically directed first borehole section and a second non-vertically directed first borehole section;
providing a second array of non-vertically directed second borehole sections in said earth formation, comprising at least a first non-vertically directed second borehole section, wherein the second array of non-vertically directed second borehole sections is vertically separated from the first array of non-vertically directed first borehole sections, whereby seen in a vertical projection on a horizontal plane the first non-vertically directed second borehole section crosses the first non-vertically directed first borehole section in a first cross point and the second non-vertically directed first borehole section in a second cross point, whereby the first cross point and the second cross point are separated from each other by a first horizontal distance;
providing a first stationary seismic receiver array in the first non-vertically directed first borehole section, comprising at least one first stationary seismic receiver in a first receiver location, and providing a second stationary seismic receiver array in the second non-vertically directed first borehole section comprising at least one second stationary seismic receiver in a second receiver location;
providing a seismic source assembly comprising a repeatable seismic source;
moving the seismic source assembly axially through the first non-vertically directed second borehole section from at least a first position to a second position of a plurality of first borehole positions along a length of the first non-vertically directed second borehole section;
activating the repeatable seismic source when the seismic source assembly is in the first position and recording a first shot of seismic signals with at least each of the first and second stationary seismic receivers; and
activating the repeatable seismic source when the seismic source assembly is in the second position and recording a second shot of seismic signals with at least each of the first and second stationary seismic receivers;
wherein activating the repeatable seismic source causes seismic waves to propagate through the earth formation and wherein each of the first and second stationary seismic receivers is sensitive to vertically propagating seismic waves and wherein the first and second shots of seismic signals are measured representations of said seismic waves interacting with the first and second stationary seismic receivers, wherein, in said vertical projection, the first receiver location coincides with the first cross point and the second receiver location coincides with the second cross point.

US Pat. No. 10,690,789

RADIATION DETECTION DEVICE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A radiation detection device comprising:a radiation detection panel;
a supporting member having a first surface and a second surface being opposite to the first surface, wherein the radiation detection panel is provided at a side of the first surface;
an electronic component that is provided on the second surface of the supporting member and drives the radiation detection panel or processes an electric signal output from the radiation detection panel; and
a housing that accommodates the radiation detection panel, the supporting member, and the electronic component,
wherein a bottom of the housing which faces the second surface comprises a flat portion and a slope portion that is adjacent to the flat portion and becomes closer to the second surface as becoming further away from the flat portion, and
the electronic component is provided at a position where at least a center of gravity of the electronic component overlaps the slope portion when viewed in a direction perpendicular to the second surface.

US Pat. No. 10,690,788

CHANNEL MULTIPLEXING METHOD FOR READING DETECTOR SIGNAL

Raycan Technology Co., Lt...

1. A channel multiplexing method for reading a detector signal, comprising:step S1: dividing L detector signals into M groups, wherein the number of detectors in each group is greater than or equal to two and less than or equal to N, the number of the detector signals in an a-th group is P(a), and
a b-th detector signal in the a-th group is marked as Signal(a,b), and M?2, N?2, 1?a?M, 1?b?N;step S2: dividing an output signal of each of the detectors in step S1 into a row source signal and a column source signal, adding together row source signals of the detectors in the a-th group to form a row signal, and to finally form M row signals for the M groups, adding together the column source signal of a b-th detector in each of the M groups to form a column signal, and to finally form N column signals;
step S3: providing a row signal transmission line comprising two signal nodes being a signal node A and a signal node B, connecting the M row signals in step S2 to different positions between the signal node A and the signal node B on the row signal transmission line, marking a difference between a distance from an a-th row signal to the node A and a distance from the a-th row signal to the node B on the row signal transmission line as D_rowx(a), and controlling a value of D_rowx to make values of D_rowx corresponding to any row signals different;
step S4: providing a column signal transmission line comprising two signal nodes being a signal node C and a signal node D, connecting the N column signals in step S2 to different positions between the signal node C and the signal node D on the column signal transmission line, marking a difference between a distance from a b-th column signal to the node C and a distance from the b-th column signal to the node D on the column signal transmission line as D_rowy(b), and controlling a value of D_rowy to make values of D_rowy corresponding to any column signals different; and
step S5: marking a source detector generating a signal and acquiring final pulse information based on pulses of four nodes being the node A, the node B, the node C and the node D.

US Pat. No. 10,690,787

RADIATION IMAGING SYSTEM

VIEWORKS CO., LTD., Anya...

1. A radiation imaging device comprising:an electrical insulation layer having a top surface and a bottom surface;
a top electrode on the top surface of the electrical insulation layer; and
a plurality of pixel units electrically coupled to the electrical insulation layer and in direct contact with the bottom surface of the electrical insulation layer,
wherein when a bias voltage is applied to the top electrode and a radiation beam is directed at the top electrode, the electrical insulation layer is ionized, generating a charge signal in one or more of the plurality of pixel units, and
wherein the electrical insulation layer includes no photoconductive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,690,786

X-RAY DETECTOR AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An X-ray detector comprising:a base substrate;
a plurality of detection modules disposed on the base substrate, and
a scintillation layer disposed on the detection module, wherein the detection module comprises:
a thin film transistor disposed on the base substrate,
an insulating layer having a via hole and disposed on the thin film transistor, and
a photosensitive structure disposed on the insulating layer,
wherein the photosensitive structure comprises a photosensitive layer, a driving electrode, and a sensing electrode, and the sensing electrode is electrically connected to a first electrode of the thin film transistor through the via hole on the insulating layer, the driving electrode is configured to apply a voltage to the photosensitive layer, and the sensing electrode is configured to receive a current output from the photosensitive layer;
the photosensitive structure further comprises an organic-inorganic composite dielectric thin film, the organic-inorganic composite dielectric thin film is disposed between the driving electrode and the photosensitive layer; the organic-inorganic composite dielectric thin film is further provided between the sensing electrode and the photosensitive layer; and the organic-inorganic composite dielectric thin film comprises a laminated structure of an inorganic dielectric thin film and an organic dielectric thin film;
the first electrode of the thin film transistor is electrically connected to the photosensitive structure through the via hole on the insulating layer, and the first electrode is a source or a drain electrode of the thin film transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,690,785

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR NUCLEAR MEDICINE IMAGING USING SODIUM BASED CRYSTALS

General Electric Company,...

1. An imaging detector comprising:a continuous NaI crystal defining a reception side and a detection side;
a glass plate disposed on the detection side of the continuous NaI crystal;
an array of SiPMs, the glass plate interposed between the detection side of the continuous NaI crystal and the array of SiPMs; and
an array of concentrators corresponding to the array of SiPMs and interposed between the array of SiPMs and the glass plate, each concentrator having a reception side opening that is larger than a detection side opening, with the detection side opening disposed proximate to a corresponding SiPM.

US Pat. No. 10,690,784

14C TESTING BOTTLE, TESTING DEVICE AND METHOD, SAMPLING AND PREPARATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

ZHEJIANG UNIVERSITY, Han...

1. A 14C testing bottle comprising:a pressure-bearing shell;
a sample bin positioned in the pressure-bearing shell, wherein at least part of the sample bin is transparent;
a cavity arranged in the sample bin, wherein, the sample bin diffuses light produced in the cavity;
an injection port connected to the cavity; and
an optical fiber channel set on the pressure-bearing shell, wherein one end of the optical fiber channel is connectable with a scintillation counter and the other end of the optical fiber channel is connected with the transparent part of the sample bin.

US Pat. No. 10,690,783

RADON MEASUREMENT METHODS AND RADON MEASURMENT TOOLS

FORMATIVE HOLDINGS, LLC, ...

10. A method of radon detection in a calibration device that is configured to have a pre-deployment laboratory calibration and is configured for a single use, the method comprising:responsive to a triggering action occurring, a triggering mechanism is configured to respond by:
removing a first feature such that a diffusion pathway is fluidly connected with an ambient environment via a vent that is defined in a housing, the diffusion pathway enabling introduction of ambient air into a diffusion chamber coupled to the diffusion pathway and the vent, and
removing an electrical insulator such that functionality of a measurement circuitry is initiated, wherein the fluidly connecting and the functionality of the measurement circuitry occur concurrently or substantially concurrently;
detecting, by a diffusion chamber sensor positioned in the diffusion chamber within the housing, radioactive decay of radon in the ambient air;
outputting time data responsive to an initiation signal;
generating an electrical signal responsive to detection of the radioactive decay;
receiving at the measurement circuitry the electrical signal from the diffusion chamber sensor;
associating with the electrical signal a particular time datum that is based on the time data at which the electrical signal is received in a detection data set; and
limiting the detection data set to a time period between the triggering action and a particular measurement interval.

US Pat. No. 10,690,782

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY IMAGE RECONSTRUCTION

UIH AMERICA, INC., Houst...

1. An imaging method implemented on at least one machine each of which has at least one processor and storage, the method comprising:obtaining an anatomical image of a scanning area of a subject acquired when the subject remains in a breath-hold status;
obtaining positron emission tomography (PET) data of the scanning area of the subject, the PET data corresponding to a respiration signal with a plurality of respiratory phases of the subject, the respiratory phases including a first respiratory phase and a second respiratory phase;
gating the PET data into a plurality of bins based on the plurality of respiratory phases of the respiration signal;
reconstructing, based on the gated PET data, a plurality of gated PET images corresponding to the plurality of respiratory phases, the plurality of gated PET images including a first gated PET image corresponding to the first respiratory phase and a second gated PET image corresponding to the second respiratory phase;
determining a first motion vector field between the first gated PET image and the second gated PET image;
determining, based on the first motion vector field, a second motion vector field between the anatomical image and the second gated PET image; and
reconstructing an attenuation corrected PET image based on the PET data, the second motion vector field, and the anatomical image, wherein the attenuation corrected PET image corresponds to a certain respiratory phase including a reference respiratory phase or an average of the plurality of respiratory phases.

US Pat. No. 10,690,781

UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE DRIVE TESTING AND MAPPING OF CARRIER SIGNALS

1. A device, comprising:an antenna;
a non-transitory memory storing instructions comprising at least one flight route for an unmanned aerial vehicle; and
one or more hardware processors configured to execute instructions to cause the device to perform operations comprising:
retrieving the instructions from the non-transitory memory during an operation of the unmanned aerial vehicle;
instructing the unmanned aerial vehicle to operate according to the at least one flight route for the unmanned aerial vehicle;
detecting, using the antenna, interference data caused by cellular signaling from two or more base stations of a network and signal loss data caused by signal loss due to one or more ground level objects during the operation of the unmanned aerial vehicle on the at least one flight route; and
communicating the interference data and the signal loss data to at least one processing entity.

US Pat. No. 10,690,780

SELF-CALIBRATING ANGLE OF ARRIVAL SYSTEM

L3 Technologies, Inc., N...

1. A method, performed by an angle of arrival node in an angle of arrival system, for self-calibrating using a calibration node to thereby enable estimating an angle of arrival of a signal emitted by a node at an unknown location, the method comprising:receiving, at each of a plurality of antennas of an antenna array, a first signal emitted by a calibration node having a known location relative to the antenna array, the antennas being coupled to a modem via an RF chain;
generating, by the modem, a first covariance matrix representing phase differences of the first signal received at each of the antennas;
based on the known location of the calibration node, calculating a correction matrix that represents phase rotation caused by the RF chain;
receiving, at each of the plurality of antennas of the antenna array, a second signal emitted by a node at an unknown location;
generating, by the modem, a second covariance matrix representing phase differences of the second signal received at each of the antennas; and
applying the correction matrix to the second covariance matrix to remove the phase rotation caused by the RF chain.

US Pat. No. 10,690,779

SIDE PEAK TRACKING DETECTION

Honeywell International I...

1. A global navigation satellite system (GNSS) receiver having at least one processor executing code to implement at least one baseband tracking channel, the baseband tracking channel comprising:at least one code generator to generate a local signal correlating with an incoming signal received by the GNSS receiver, the local signal comprising a local pseudorandom noise (PRN) code modulated with a BOC chip signal;
a multiplier that multiplies the local signal with a baseband signal corresponding to an incoming signal received by the GNSS receiver to generate samples of a code removed signal;
at least one prompt correlator including at least two integration registers, wherein a first of the at least two integration registers integrates the samples of the code removed signal corresponding to a first portion of each pseudorandom noise (PRN) code chip of the local signal to provide a first integration register output, and wherein a second of the at least two integration registers integrates the samples of the code removed signal corresponding to a second portion of the PRN code chip of the local signal to provide a second integration register output; and
a side peak tracking detection module that receives integration results comprising the first integration register output and the second integration register output and generates information indicating when side peak tracking is occurring based on an absolute value of a difference between the first integration register output and the second integration register output.

US Pat. No. 10,690,778

VALIDATION OF TIME ASSISTANCE DATA TO REDUCE SATELLITE POSITIONING DEGRADATION

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method, comprising:receiving, at a mobile device, time assistance data via a first wireless communication technology from a serving cell;
obtaining a reference global navigation satellite system (GNSS) time, at the mobile device, via a second wireless communication technology;
determining whether the time assistance data is valid based on the reference GNSS time;
determining a validated GNSS time based on the time assistance data in response to determining that the time assistance data is valid; and
maintaining, at the mobile device, a local database that includes one or more entries, each entry identifying a respective cell and an indication of whether time assistance data sent from the respective cell has been identified as valid or invalid.

US Pat. No. 10,690,777

MULTI-ANTENNA-GNSS RECEIVER-SYSTEM TO RAISE THE PROBABILITY OF LINE OF SIGHT

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A system comprising:two or more antenna-receiver combinations, wherein each of the two or more antenna-receiver combinations includes an antenna and a receiver, the receivers of the two or more antenna-receiver combinations being phase stable synchronized by a base reference clock, and
a position determiner that determines a position of the system, wherein
each antenna-receiver combination of the two or more antenna-receiver combinations is configured to determine a time of reception of time information from each satellite of the three or more satellites if the antenna of each of the two or more antenna-receiver combinations has a line of sight to each of the three or more satellites, and
the position determiner is configured to determine the position of the system if, for each of the three or more satellites, the position determiner receives the time information from each satellite from at least one of the two or more antenna-receiver combinations, depending on (i) a satellite position of each of the three or more satellites, (ii) how the antennas of the two or more antenna-receiver combinations are arranged in a predetermined geometry, (iii) the time information from each of the three or more satellites received by the at least one of the two or more antenna-receiver combinations, (iv) the time of reception of the time information from the satellite by the position determiner, and (v) the orientation of the system, the orientation depending on how the antennas are arranged in the system and how an arrangement of the antennas is oriented with respect to a reference.

US Pat. No. 10,690,776

SPOOFING DETECTION AND ANTI-JAM MITIGATION FOR GPS ANTENNAS

The Board of Trustees of ...

1. An apparatus comprising:an antenna configured to receive a signal from a global navigation satellite system, wherein the antenna includes a first feed and a second feed;
a hybrid coupler including a first hybrid input, a second hybrid input, a first hybrid output, a second hybrid output, wherein the first hybrid input is coupled to the first feed, the second hybrid input is coupled to the second feed, and wherein the first hybrid output provides as a first output a right hand circularly polarized signal formed based on a horizontally polarized signal and a vertically polarized signal detected at the antenna, wherein the second hybrid output provides as a second output a left hand circularly polarized signal formed based on the horizontally polarized signal and the vertically polarized signal detected at the antenna;
a variable phase shifter including a shifter input and a shifter output, wherein when the apparatus is in a second mode, the shifter input is coupled via a switch to the first hybrid output providing as the first output the right hand circularly polarized signal, wherein the variable phase shifter is configured to induce a phase shift in the right hand circularly polarized signal; and
a combiner including a first combiner input, a second combiner input, and a combiner output,
wherein when the apparatus is in a first mode, the first hybrid output is coupled, via the switch to detection circuitry, to provide the right hand circularly polarized signal to the detection circuitry and the second hybrid output providing the left hand circularly polarized signal is coupled, via the switch, to a terminator, and
wherein, when in apparatus is in a second mode configured to detect a presence of a spoof signal not transmitted by the global navigation satellite system or to suppress the spoof signal, the first combiner input is coupled, via the switch, to the shifter output providing the right hand circularly polarized signal with the induced phase shift, and the second combiner input is coupled, via the switch, to the second hybrid output providing as the second output the left hand circularly polarized signal, wherein the combiner output represents a combined right hand circularly polarized signal and left hand circularly polarized signal, wherein the combiner output is provided to the detection circuitry configured to detect the presence of the spoof signal not transmitted by the global navigation satellite system or configured to suppress the spoof signal.

US Pat. No. 10,690,775

CROWDSOURCING ATMOSPHERIC CORRECTION DATA

NovAtel Inc., Calgary, A...

1. A system, comprising:a processor and a memory, the processor configured to:
receive, from at least one rover, one or more estimated ionosphere delay values where each estimated ionosphere delay value is calculated for a corresponding global navigation satellite system (GNSS) satellite in view of the rover, and wherein each of the one or more estimated ionosphere delay values indicates an adverse effect of ionospheric activity on satellite signals transmitted by the corresponding GNSS satellite,
receive, from the at least one rover, coordinates of one or more pierce points and coordinates of the rover, wherein the coordinates of each pierce point indicate an intersecting location of the satellite signals transmitted by the corresponding GNSS satellite and the ionosphere, and
generate an ionosphere map that reflects the ionospheric activity for a geographical location or region, wherein the ionosphere map is generated utilizing the one or more estimated ionosphere delay values, the coordinates of the one or more pierce points received from the at least one rover, and the coordinates of the rover received from the at least one rover.

US Pat. No. 10,690,774

PATHWAY MEASUREMENT DEVICES, SYSTEMS AND METHODS

The United States Governm...

1. A pathway measurement system, comprising:a rigid frame,
a processor system,
a mobility system attached to the frame, the mobility system comprising at least one movable element which is adapted to contact a surface of a pathway via which the frame may be moved relative to the pathway,
and at least one sensor adapted to measure at least one characteristic of a pathway,the pathway measurement system having a first mode of operation in which the mobility system moves the frame along the pathway to move the at least one sensor relative to the pathway, the at least one sensor being connected to the pathway measurement system such that a distance between the at least one sensor and an axis of rotation of one of the moveable elements remains constant in the first mode of operation, the processor system being configured to determine a roughness index or a surface characterization associated with a particular type of vehicle from data measured by the at least one sensor, the roughness index or surface characterization is determined based upon a wheel diameter or other physical parameters of the particular type of vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,690,773

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR EFFICIENT MULTI-RETURN LIGHT DETECTORS

Velodyne Lidar, Inc., Sa...

1. A Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) system comprising:a transmitter that emits a laser beam having a signal with a plurality of pulses in a particular sequence;
a matched filter operable to receive a multi-return signal comprising N peaks in a time period;
wherein a matched filter value of the matched filter is equal to a value of the signal of the laser beam having the plurality of pulses in the particular sequence, and the matched filter convolves the signal of the laser beam with the multi-return signal;
a peak detector coupled to receive an output of the matched filter and operable to determine a first maximum peak of the multi-return signal in the time period;
a centroid calculation operable to derive a position of the first maximum peak of the multi-return signal in the time period; and
a zeroing out function that eliminates—the first maximum peak from the multi-return signal to allow the peak detector to determine a second maximum peak and the centroid calculation derive the position of the second maximum peak in the time period,
wherein, the peak detector, the centroid calculation and the zeroing out function determine subsequent maximum peaks until M peaks of the N peaks are detected in the multi-return signal in the time period,
wherein, the centroid calculation determines a first peak, a last peak and a maximum peak in the multi-return signal in the time period.

US Pat. No. 10,690,772

LIDAR SITE MODEL TO AID COUNTER DRONE SYSTEM

Raytheon BBN Technologies...

1. A light detection and ranging system for creating a three dimensional model of an environment comprising:a light detection and ranging (LIDAR) scanning system to scan an environment to provide an image of a scene of the scanned environment;
a geo-locator to tag a plurality of points within the image with geo-reference points; and
a labeler to label features of interest within the image of the scene and to identify possible access paths within the three dimensional model of the environment from the features of interest potentially providing an access path for a target drone wherein the LIDAR scanning system comprises a tracking system to track objects in the scanned environment and the tracking system determines if a new track is a false track by looking where the track originated.

US Pat. No. 10,690,771

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR OBJECT DETECTION USING HUMAN ECHOLOCATION FOR THE VISUALLY IMPAIRED

Sondare Acoustics Group L...

1. An object detection device for detecting objects in front of a user of the object detection device, the object detection device comprising:a parametric array including a transducer array coupled to the object detection device such that when the object detection device is used, the transducer array is located in front of the user;
an activation member in communication with the parametric array for initiating the selection by the user of generation of an audible sound to be modulated with an inaudible, ultrasonic signal and amplified to create a higher signal in front of the user; and
wherein air in front of the transducer array demodulates the two signals, and the audible audio signal but not the inaudible audio signal is reflected from an object and received by both ears of the user.

US Pat. No. 10,690,770

NAVIGATION BASED ON RADAR-CUED VISUAL IMAGING

MOBILEYE VISION TECHNOLOG...

1. A navigation system for a vehicle, the system comprising:at least one image capture device configured to acquire a plurality of images of an environment of a vehicle;
a radar sensor to detect an object in the environment; and
at least one processing device programmed to:
receive the plurality of images from the at least one image capture device;
receive output from the radar sensor;
determine, from the plurality of images, an indicator of optical flow;
determine a value indicative of an expected optical inflation associated with the object in the plurality of images;
determine that the value indicative of the expected optical inflation associated with the object does not match the indicator of optical flow; and
suppress, when the value indicative of the expected optical inflation associated with the object does not match the indicator of optical flow, a system response.

US Pat. No. 10,690,769

TARGET ANGLE DETERMINATION USING VEHICLE RADAR ELEMENTS WITH LOCAL REFERENCE SIGNALS

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

10. A method of fabricating a system to determine angle of arrival of a target, the method comprising:assembling two or more transceiver nodes to each include one or more transmitters, one or more receivers, and one local oscillator configured to generate a local reference signal; and
coupling a controller to the two or more transceiver nodes to determine the angle of arrival of the target based on determining obtained phase differences for each of the two or more transceiver nodes, wherein each of the obtained phase differences is between a signal transmitted by one of the one or more transmitters and received by one of the one or more receivers of a same one of the two or more transceiver nodes.

US Pat. No. 10,690,768

SYNTHETIC-APERTURE INTERFEROMETRIC RADAR WITH AN ANTENNA SLIDING ALONG A ROTATING ARM

1. A synthetic-aperture interferometric radar comprising:an arm, which rotates with respect to an axis of a plane orthogonal to an axis of rotation;
a system of one or more transmitting and receiving antennas, which are slidably mounted along said arm so as to be able to describe complete revolutions of variable radius along a circular path about said axis of rotation and said one or more transmitting and receiving antennas are oriented in a direction of sight parallel to said axis of rotation;
motor for driving rotation of said arm;
motor for driving bi-directional sliding of said one or more transmitting and receiving antennas along said arm; and
a data acquiring processor, operatively connected to said system of said one or more transmitting and receiving antennas and said data acquiring processor configured for acquiring a succession of images detected by said one or more transmitting and receiving antennas during rotation of said one or more transmitting antennas about said axis of rotation and said data acquiring processor making differential interferometric calculations on at least two successive images of possible targets located in a field of view of said system of one or more transmitting antennas in order to measure at least one component of displacement thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,690,767

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SYNTHETIC APERTURE RADAR IMAGE FORMATION

RAYTHEON COMPANY, Waltha...

1. A method for generating a synthetic aperture radar image of a ground region, the method comprising:performing a coarse image formation operation on a plurality of sub-band sub-dwell arrays to form a plurality of two dimensional coarse image arrays;
performing a pixel interpolation operation on each of the plurality of coarse image arrays to form a corresponding plurality of two dimensional first interpolated image arrays, each of the first interpolated image arrays being larger, in each of the two dimensions, than the corresponding coarse image array;
performing a first coherent subimage formation operation on the plurality of first interpolated image arrays to form a plurality of first summed images;
performing a pixel interpolation operation on the plurality of first summed images to form a corresponding plurality of two dimensional second interpolated image arrays, each of the second interpolated image arrays being larger, in each of the two dimensions, than the corresponding first summed image; and
performing a second coherent subimage formation operation on the plurality of second interpolated image arrays to form a plurality of second summed images,
wherein each of the two dimensional coarse image arrays is a coarse ground plane image of the ground region,
wherein each of the first interpolated image arrays is a ground plane image of the ground region,
wherein each of the second interpolated image arrays is a ground plane image of the ground region, and
wherein the performing a pixel interpolation operation on a first coarse image array of the plurality of coarse image arrays to form the corresponding first interpolated image array comprises forming a pixel of the corresponding first interpolated image array as a weighted sum of pixels of a contiguous subarray of the first coarse image array.

US Pat. No. 10,690,766

BIOMETRIC AUTHENTICATION USING WIDEBAND UHF/VHF RADAR

Government of the United ...

1. A wideband RADAR system for biometric identification and authentication of a human subject, the system comprising:a source of wideband RADAR signals;
an amplifier;
a splitter in electrical communication with the source of wideband RADAR signals and configured to split a generated signal into a transmit signal and a reference transmit signal;
a transmitting antenna configured to transmit the transmit signal from the splitter;
a turntable configured to rotate the human subject;
a receiving antenna configured to receive transmitted signals reflected from the human subject; and
a controller configured to process the received reflected signals and generate a resolution cell and polar representations of biometric radar signature features.

US Pat. No. 10,690,764

METHOD AND AN APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING A DEVIATION BETWEEN AN ACTUAL DIRECTION OF A LAUNCHED PROJECTILE AND A PREDETERMINED DIRECTION

1. A method for tracking a projectile comprising:providing an image representing a target area, the image identifying an element at a position corresponding to a position of the element in the target area;
defining an image coordinate system defining the position of the element in the image;
identifying a position of the element in the image coordinate system;
determining, using a radar, at least a portion of a trajectory of the projectile;
identifying a launch position of the projectile;
generating a target coordinate system centered at the launch position based on a first axis extending from the launch position through the element and a second axis perpendicular to the first axis passing through the launch position; and
mapping the position of the projectile in the target coordinate system.

US Pat. No. 10,690,763

DETECTION AND IDENTIFICATION OF A HUMAN FROM CHARACTERISTIC SIGNALS

ResMed Sensor Technologie...

1. A physiological parameter monitoring system adapted to identify a person for monitoring of the identified person's physiological parameters, the system including:one or more sensors for monitoring one or more persons' physiological parameters, and
one or more processors, the one or more processors configured to process signals from the one or more sensors to identify a person, the processing comprising an evaluation of parameters comprising one or more respiratory parameters, cardiac parameters, or movement parameters,
wherein the evaluation of parameters comprises analysis of detected respiration depth,
the one or more processors being further configured to, in response to the evaluation, store locally, or to forward for remote storage, the monitored physiological parameters in association with the person identified from the evaluation,
wherein the one or more processors is configured to operate an enrolment process for initialization of biometric characteristics for identifying the person, wherein the enrolment process comprises scanning of data from a user's sleep session to identify fiducial points in the data and calculate classification features for generation of a biometric signature for the user; and
wherein the evaluation of parameters further comprises an assessment of the generated biometric signature.

US Pat. No. 10,690,762

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING AN UPPER BOUND ON THE DISTANCE BETWEEN DEVICES

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for determining a distance upper bound by a verifier device, comprising:measuring a first round-trip time to receive a first response from a target device corresponding to a first message sent to the target device;
measuring a second round-trip time to receive a second response from the target device corresponding to a second message sent to the target device, the second response being delayed by a processing time multiplier, wherein the processing time multiplier is a scale factor known by the verifier device and the target device;
determining a transit time measurement based on the first round-trip time, the second round-trip time and the processing time multiplier without knowledge of a processing time of the target device; and
determining the distance upper bound based on the transit time measurement.

US Pat. No. 10,690,761

RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICE, SYSTEM COMPRISING RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICE, AND CORRESPONDING METHODS

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A radio frequency device, comprising:a radio frequency circuit, the radio frequency circuit including a first terminal to be coupled to at least one antenna, an analog front end circuit comprising the first terminal, a frequency up-conversion circuit arranged in a signal transmission path and configured to frequency up-convert transmission signals, and a frequency down-conversion circuit arranged in a signal reception path and configured to frequency down-convert reception signals; and
a multiplexer coupled to the signal transmission path and the signal reception path of the radio frequency circuit,
wherein the multiplexer is configured to selectively couple the radio frequency circuit to a second terminal to be coupled to a radar circuit configured to receive and transmit radar signals or to a third terminal to be coupled to a communication circuit configured to receive and transmit communication signals.

US Pat. No. 10,690,760

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR THREE DIMENSIONAL MODELING OF AN OBJECT USING A RADIO FREQUENCY DEVICE

VAYYAR IMAGING LTD, Yehu...

31. A system for generating a three dimension (3D) imaging of an object, said system comprising:an electromagnetic transducer array surrounding the object, wherein the electromagnetic transducer array is configured to measure the object from a plurality of bi-static angles and wherein said electromagnetic transducer array comprising:
a plurality of electromagnetic transducers, wherein said plurality of electromagnetic transducers are RF antennas;
a transmitter unit for applying RF (radio-frequency) signals to said electromagnetic transducer array; and
a receiver unit for receiving a plurality of RF signals affected by said object from said electromagnetic transducers array;
a Radio Frequency Signals Measurement Unit (RFSMU) configured to receive and measure said plurality of plurality of affected RF signals and provide RF data of the object;
a housing having a cavity therein wherein said cavity is configured to contain said object, and wherein said housing comprises at least one arc for holding said RF antennas and wherein said RF antennas are configured to slide up or down along said at least one arc;
at least one processing unit, said at least one processing unit is configured to process said RF data to identify the dielectric properties of said object and construct a 3D image of said object.

US Pat. No. 10,690,759

INFORMATION PROCESSING DEVICE, INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD, AND INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM

FELICA NETWORKS, INC., T...

9. An information processing method, comprising:acquiring a first measurement result of a first radio wave, wherein the first radio wave is transmitted by a first communication device;
acquiring a second measurement result of a second radio wave, wherein
the second radio wave is transmitted by a second communication device, and
the second communication device is associated with an item;
extracting a measurement result indicating an intensity included in a range from top 10% to top 30% of a plurality of measurement results, wherein the plurality of measurement results includes the first measurement result;
determining a first communication distance between the first communication device and a measurement position of the first radio wave based on the extracted measurement result;
determining a second communication distance between the second communication device and a measurement position of the second radio wave; and
executing a process related to the item based on the determined first communication distance and the determined second communication distance.

US Pat. No. 10,690,758

STRUCTURE FOR MOUNTING ULTRASONIC SENSOR

1. An attachment structure for attaching an ultrasound sensor to a side portion of a vehicle, comprising:a bracket via which the ultrasound sensor is attached such that the ultrasound sensor faces a ground under a floor of the vehicle; and
wherein the ultrasound sensor be inclined at a predetermined angle with respect to a horizontal plane such that a water drop adhering to the ultrasound sensor flows downward, and
wherein the bracket includes a bottom plate portion and a through-hole formed in the bottom plate portion, and the ultrasound sensor is attached to the through-hole.

US Pat. No. 10,690,757

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR IMPROVING RANGE FINDING SYSTEM READINGS

AI Incorporated, Toronto...

1. A method for culling out inaccurate range finding system measurements and improving accuracy of range finding system measurements comprising:taking distance measurements with a range finding system to surfaces opposite the range finding system at predetermined intervals;
moving the range finding system relative to the surfaces;
monitoring the distance measurements taken by the range finding system; and,
discarding measurements that reflect an interruption of no more than a predetermined number of measurements within a series of otherwise steadily declining measurements, the interrupting measurements being at least a predetermined amount or percentage greater than the measurements immediately preceding and following the interruption,
wherein the range finding system comprises instrumentation for measuring two dimensional position to determine positions of obstacles by identifying a position of the range finding system immediately before and after encountering the obstacles, signified by the interruptions detected in the distance measurements.

US Pat. No. 10,690,756

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR LIDAR OPERATION WITH PULSE POSITION MODULATION

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. An integrated circuit, comprising:an encoder adapted to be coupled to an optical transmitter, the encoder configured to drive the optical transmitter to emit light having a sequence of encoded pulses according to a code, the encoded pulses including first and second pulses, in which a width or an amplitude of the first pulse varies from a width or an amplitude of the second pulse; and
a demodulator adapted to be coupled to an optical receiver, the demodulator configured to receive a signal from the optical receiver, in which the received signal includes pulses of a reflection of the emitted light, and the demodulator is configured to estimate a distance of the reflection by comparing the encoded pulses to the received signal's pulses.

US Pat. No. 10,690,755

SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE HAVING INCREASED DISTANCE MEASUREMENT ACCURACY AND INCREASED DISTANCE MEASUREMENT RANGE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A solid-state imaging device comprising a plurality of pixels arranged in a matrix on a semiconductor substrate,wherein each of the plurality of pixels includes:
a photoelectric converter which receives light from an object and converts the light into charge;
a plurality of readers which read the charge from the photoelectric converter;
a plurality of charge accumulators which accumulate the charge of the photoelectric converter; and
a transfer controller which performs a transfer control including controlling whether the charge is transferred or blocked from being transferred,
the plurality of readers read the charge of the photoelectric converter to the plurality of charge accumulators,
the plurality of pixels include at least a first pixel and a second pixel,
the transfer controller performs the transfer control to cause addition of the charge read from each of the first pixel and the second pixel, and
an exposure controller which switches between accumulation of the charge into the photoelectric converter and discharge of the charge from the photoelectric converter, the exposure controller including an overflow drain gate,
the solid-state imaging device further comprises a drive controller which controls driving of a drive pulse signal that is applied to (i) the overflow drain gate included in the exposure controller or (ii) a substrate having a vertical overflow drain (VOD) structure, and
a plurality of exposure control gate wires which are provided for each pixel row or each pixel column and through which the exposure control pulse signal is transmitted from the drive controller to the exposure controller,
wherein the plurality of exposure control gate wires are disposed parallel to a short side of an imaging region on the semiconductor substrate, the imaging region being a region in which the plurality of pixels are arranged.

US Pat. No. 10,690,754

SCANNING APPARATUSES AND METHODS FOR A LIDAR SYSTEM

Cepton Technologies, Inc....

1. A scanning lidar system comprising:a fixed frame;
a first platform flexibly attached to the fixed frame;
a lens assembly including a first lens and a second lens mounted on the first platform, the first lens defining a first optical axis in a first direction and a first focal plane, the second lens defining a second optical axis substantially parallel to the first optical axis and a second focal plane, wherein the first platform is configured to be translated in a first plane substantially perpendicular to the first direction;
a second platform flexible attached to the fixed frame and separated from the first platform along the first direction;
an electro-optic assembly including a first laser source and a first photodetector mounted on the second platform, wherein the second platform is configured to be translated in a second plane substantially perpendicular to the first direction, wherein the first laser source lies substantially at the first focal plane of the first lens and the first photodetector lies substantially at the second focal plane of the second lens, the first laser source and the first photodetector being spaced apart from each other on the second platform so as to be optically conjugate with respect to each other;
a drive mechanism mechanically coupled to the first platform and the second platform and configured to translate the first platform and the second platform with respect to the fixed frame; and
a controller coupled to the drive mechanism, wherein the controller is configured to:
translate the first platform to a plurality of first positions in the first plane through the drive mechanism; and
translate the second platform to a plurality of second positions in the second plane through the drive mechanism such that a motion of the second platform is substantially opposite to a motion of the first platform, each respective second position corresponding to a respective first position.

US Pat. No. 10,690,753

IMAGING APPARATUS AND DISTANCE MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. An imaging apparatus comprising:a pair of electric field application electrodes and a pair of electric charge extraction electrodes provided to each of a plurality of pixels; and
a voltage application section configured to apply voltage between a first electrode that is one of the pair of electric field application electrodes of a first pixel and a second electrode that is one of the pair of electric field application electrodes of a second pixel when pixel combination is performed, and produce an electric field across the first pixel and the second pixel,
wherein the voltage application section is further configured to apply the voltage between the first electrode and the second electrode, the voltage being reversed at a predetermined frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,690,752

LIGHT PROJECTING METHOD AND DEVICE

Shenzhen Guangjian Techno...

1. A waveguide, comprising: a first surface and a second surface, wherein:the first surface comprises a first plurality of grating structures;
the first surface other than the first plurality of grating structures comprises a first reflective layer;
the second surface comprises a second reflective layer;
the waveguide is configured to guide an in-coupled light beam to undergo reflections between the first reflective layer and the second reflective layer;
the first plurality of grating structures are configured to disrupt the reflections to cause at least a portion of the in-coupled light beam to couple out of the waveguide and project from the first surface, the portion of the in-coupled light beam coupled out of the waveguide forming out-coupled light beams; and
the out-coupled light beams converge from the first surface to form an upright cone of light on top of the first plurality of grating structures.

US Pat. No. 10,690,751

MONITORING AND ALERT APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR RADOME PERFORMANCE AFFECTED BY DIRT OR DEBRIS

PRECO ELECTRONICS, LLC, ...

1. A radar-based object detection device comprising a radar antenna, a processor unit operatively connected to the radar antenna, and a radome covering the radar antenna, the device being for sending radar signals and receiving echoes when the radar signals return from a target object, the device further including a radome monitoring and alert system comprising:one or more electrodes attached to an inner surface of the radome, and the one or more electrodes operatively connected to blockage detection circuitry in said device that measures self-capacitance of each electrode and that is configured to send an alert signal when said self-capacitance of any of said one or more electrodes crosses a threshold that indicates that the radome is affected by dirt or debris attached to an outer surface of the radome;
wherein said one or more electrodes comprises only a single electrode attached to a first region of the radome inner surface, so that the single electrode and said blockage detection circuitry monitors said first region to test for dirt or debris attached to said first region.

US Pat. No. 10,690,750

SYNCHRONIZATION OF SPATIALLY DISTRIBUTED RADAR

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method of synchronizing a plurality of spatially distributed multi-input multi-output (MIMO) radar systems, the method comprising:designating one of the plurality of MIMO radar systems that includes a linear frequency modulator as a master MIMO radar system;
designating each of the plurality of MIMO radar systems other than the master MIMO radar system as slave MIMO radar systems, wherein each of the slave MIMO radar systems receives an output of the linear frequency modulator through a modulator splitter;
sending a synchronization signal from the linear frequency modulator through the modulator splitter to each of the slave MIMO radar systems over respective cables;
sending a return signal from each of the slave MIMO radar systems to the master MIMO radar system over the respective cables; and
determining a time delay between the master MIMO radar system and each of the slave MIMO radar systems based on a frequency difference between the synchronization signal and the respective return signal.

US Pat. No. 10,690,749

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ADAPTIVELY FILTERING RADAR CLUTTER

SRC, Inc., North Syracus...

1. A radar system, comprising:a transmitter to emit radio waves;
a detector to receive the radio waves after they are reflected form an object, and to generate an electrical signal corresponding to the radio waves;
a processor for processing the signal, comprising:
a first software module to analyze the signal's characteristics and associate the signal with a cell and a time of detection; and
a second software module programmed (1) to receive for the cell, a measured signal strength, a measured hit rate and a time of measurement, (2) to identify the object as clutter if (i) the measured hit rate is greater than a hit rate threshold, and (ii) the measured signal strength is less than a signal strength threshold, and (3) to update the time of last detection, and to update the hit rate of the cell using a running average of the hit rate.

US Pat. No. 10,690,748

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR INTERFERENCE DETECTION IN A RF RECEIVER

Veoneer US, Inc., Southf...

1. A method of detecting RF interference, comprising the steps of:receiving an RF signal detected at a receiver, the received RF signal including a desired RF signal and potentially an intermittent interference signal occupying an interference bandwidth;
estimating thermal noise of the receiver, at an interference detection controller and/or processor, by statistically analyzing a plurality of time intervals of data of the received RF signal, including at least one time interval not including the intermittent interference signal;
estimating an intermittent-interference-plus-noise level, at an interference detection controller and/or processor, by statistically analyzing an extended time interval of the time intervals of data;
determining an interference metric, at an interference detection controller and/or processor, based on a ratio of the estimated intermittent-interference-plus-noise level to the estimated thermal noise; and
evaluating the interference metric, at an interference detection controller and/or processor, against one or more thresholds to detect the presence or absence of degrading RF interference.

US Pat. No. 10,690,747

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING OPERATOR LOCATION TO ENSURE APPROVED OPERATION OF WORK MACHINES

Vermeer Manufacturing Com...

1. A system for locating a work machine operator to ensure approved operation of a work machine, the system comprising:the work machine, comprising:
a machine controller;
a radio frequency receiver; and
an infrared transmitter unit disposed on a surface of the work machine; the infrared transmitter unit comprising a plurality of infrared transmitters arranged in a solitary horizontal plane; each of said plurality of infrared transmitters configured to generate an infrared signal comprising coded data so as to divide a 360-degree area around the infrared transmitter unit into a plurality of zones; the data including at least a zone information;
a remote controller remote from the work machine, the remote controller comprising:
a radio frequency transceiver;
an infrared receiver configured to receive the coded infrared signal generated by at least one of said plurality of infrared transmitters; and
a computer system comprising a processor and a non-transitory computer memory; the computer system configured to decode the coded signal received at the infrared receiver to determine whether the operator is in an approved zone;
wherein each of the infrared transmitters is activated in a sequence;
wherein the computer system enables the radio frequency transceiver to communicate with the radio frequency receiver; said communication being dependent on the zone information.

US Pat. No. 10,690,746

ENHANCED ELEVATION DETECTION FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE SYSTEMS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method comprising:determining, using an air pressure sensor, a first elevation of a device;
determining, a median floor height corresponding to a street address at a location of the device;
computing, using the street address and the first elevation, a floor number,
wherein the computing of the floor number further comprises:
determining that the street address corresponds to a building having non-standard floor numbering;
determining that the floor number is affected by the non-standard floor numbering; and
adjusting the floor number, the adjusting being responsive to the floor number comprising non-standard floor numbering,
wherein the adjusting of the floor number is responsive to the determining that the floor number is affected by the non-standard floor numbering to compensate for the non-standard floor numbering; and
reporting, to an emergency response system, the street address and the floor number.

US Pat. No. 10,690,745

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR PULSE ASSOCIATION OF AGILE EMITTERS

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. An advance warning system for detecting threats to a tactical aircraft comprising:an antenna pair assembly mounted on the tactical aircraft including:
an antenna pair including first and second antenna elements/receivers for detecting: a first signal/pulse related to a potential threat, the first signal/pulse being at a first wavelength and a first frequency, wherein the first and second antenna elements are spaced apart by more than one half of the first wavelength; a second signal/pulse at a second wavelength and a second frequency; and a third signal/pulse at a third wavelength and a third frequency;
an RWR system in communication with the antenna pair assembly to receive the first, second and third signals/pulses, and configured to:
compute a frequency (fn) for the first, second and third signals/pulses;
compute a phase difference (??diff) between the first and second antenna elements/receivers for the first and second signals/pulses;
if the first and second frequency are within a threshold frequency difference (fe) and the phase difference is less than a threshold phase difference (??diff), associate the second signal/pulse with the first signal/pulse;
if the first and second frequency are not within a threshold frequency difference (fe), generate a set of ambiguous angle of arrival AoA for the first and second signals/pulses based on the frequency and the phase difference of the first and second signals/pulses;
correlate the two sets of ambiguous AoA to determine if there is a common AoA,
if there is a common AoA, generate a third set of ambiguous angle of arrival AoA for the third signal/pulse based on the frequency and the phase difference of the third signal/pulse;
correlate the three sets of ambiguous AoA to determine if there is a common AoA for all three signals/pulses; and
if there is a common AoA for all three signals/pulses, associate all three signals/pulses.

US Pat. No. 10,690,744

SYSTEM FOR RECEIVING COMMUNICATIONS

1. A method for determining and outputting communications from at least one source contributing a source wave field to a wave field, the method comprising:providing an antenna structure having at least one transducer placed consistent with Nyquist criteria for the wave field and generating signals representative of the wave field at the transducer;
providing a wave field partial wave expansion (PWE) model comprised of wave field partial wave functions (PWFs) and unknown corresponding PWE coefficients;
providing a source PWE coefficient model consistent with the source wave field at the antenna structure comprised of source coefficients expressed as functions of the directional coordinates of the source;
providing a library of PWFs evaluated at the location of the transducer;
receiving output signals from the transducer, wherein the transducer outputs at least one output signal consistent with Nyquist criteria representative of the wave field;
using a processor, the at least one output signal, and the library of PWFs, to determine at least one of the unknown PWE coefficients; and
using the source PWE coefficient model and the determined unknowned PWE coefficients to determine the directional coordinates of the source, and
using the at least one of the determined unknown PWE coefficients to determine at least one communication from the source for output to a human or device,
wherein the processing efficiency of the processor is improved for determining and outputting the communications from the source.

US Pat. No. 10,690,743

DOPPLER MEASUREMENTS TO RESOLVE ANGLE OF ARRIVAL AMBIGUITY OF WIDE APERTURE RADAR

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method of resolving angle of arrival (AOA) ambiguity in a radar system, the method comprising:receiving received reflections at a plurality of transceiver nodes of the radar system, wherein the received reflections result from reflection of transmissions by the radar system and each transceiver node among the plurality of transceiver nodes of the radar system receives one or more of the received reflections at one or more receive elements;
determining candidate AOAs ?i based on phases differences in the received reflections at the plurality of transceiver nodes;
determining Doppler frequencies fdi based on the received reflections; and
selecting an estimated AOA ? from among the candidate AOAs ?i based on matching metrics ?u between the Doppler frequencies and the candidate AOAs ?i.

US Pat. No. 10,690,742

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CALIBRATING CENTER FREQUENCY OF MR AND MRI SYSTEM

General Electric Company,...

1. A method for calibrating a center frequency of magnetic resonance (MR), the method comprising:applying a first set of gradient fields, receiving data information acquired by an RF coil and generating a first image;
applying a second set of gradient fields in directions different than those of the first set of gradient fields, receiving data information acquired by the RF coil and generating a second image;
calculating a shift of the center frequency based on the first image and the second image; and
correcting the center frequency based on the shift of the center frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,690,741

METHOD AND SYSTEMS FOR REDUCING ARTIFACTS IN MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A method for a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system, comprising:acquiring a non-phase-encoded reference dataset;
transforming the non-phase-encoded reference dataset into a hybrid space;
calculating phase corrections for spatial orders higher than first order from the non-phase-encoded reference dataset in the hybrid space;
acquiring a phase-encoded k-space dataset;
correcting the phase-encoded k-space dataset with the phase corrections; and
reconstructing an image from the corrected phase-encoded k-space dataset.

US Pat. No. 10,690,740

SPARSE RECONSTRUCTION STRATEGY FOR MULTI-LEVEL SAMPLED MRI

Mayo Foundation for Medic...

1. A method for reconstructing an image from data acquired using a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system, the steps of the method comprising:(a) acquiring data from a subject using an MRI system, wherein the acquired data undersample k-space;
(b) reconstructing an image of the subject from the acquired data using an iterative reconstruction that is decomposed to include in each iteration:
a data fidelity enforcing step;
an aliasing unfolding step;
a penalty transform inversion step; and
a sparsity penalty enforcing step.

US Pat. No. 10,690,739

MRI RF PULSE SEQUENCE FOR MULTIDIMENSIONAL OUTER VOLUME SUPPRESSION

The Board of Trustees of ...

1. A method for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using a T2-preparation outer volume suppression (OVS) and fat suppression pulse sequence, the method comprising:with an MRI apparatus, applying a T2-preparation OVS pulse sequence to reduce the longitudinal magnetization outside a region of interest (ROI);
and with the MRI apparatus, exciting a region that includes the region of interest, detecting from the region radiofrequency (RF) signals responsive to the excitation, and generating MRI images from the detected RF signals;
wherein the T2-preparation OVS pulse sequence comprises, sequentially:
a first half of the sequence comprising:
a first tip-down 90°, 906018060 composite excitation pulse,
a first 180° orthogonal hard refocusing excitation pulse,
a first tip-up spatially and spectrally selective ?90° spatial sinc excitation pulse, and
a second half of the sequence comprising:
a second tip-down ?90°, 906018060 composite excitation pulse that is an amplitude-negated version of the first tip-down 90° composite excitation pulse,
a second 180° orthogonal hard refocusing excitation pulse,
and a second tip-up spatially and spectrally selective 90° spatial sinc excitation pulse that is an amplitude-negated version of the first tip-up selective ?90° spatial sinc excitation pulse.

US Pat. No. 10,690,738

LIGHTWEIGHT ASYMMETRIC MAGNET ARRAYS

EPSITAU LTD., Ariel (IL)...

27. A magnet array for use in a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) system, the magnet array comprising:multiple magnet rings, which are made of a permanent magnet material, and which are positioned along a longitudinal axis and are coaxial with the longitudinal axis, wherein at least one of the magnet rings encircles a predefined imaging volume of the MRI system, wherein the magnet rings are arranged with reflectional asymmetry with respect to the longitudinal axis, wherein each magnet ring has a rotational symmetry with respect to an in-plane rotation of the magnet ring around the longitudinal axis, and wherein at least one of the magnet rings has a non-zero inner radius and has a longitudinal magnetization component along the longitudinal axis, the magnet rings configured to jointly generate a magnetic field of at least a given level of uniformity inside the imaging volume; and
a frame, which is configured to fixedly hold the multiple magnet rings in place.

US Pat. No. 10,690,737

HIDDEN COIL TRANSMISSION LINES IN MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (MRI) COIL

Quality Electrodynamics, ...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) radio frequency (RF) coil array configured to operate in at least one of a transmit (Tx) mode or a receive (Rx) mode, the MRI RF coil array comprising:two or more RF coil elements, comprising:
a first RF coil element coupled to a first output transmission cable that is configured to carry a first signal that is associated with the first RF coil element; and
a second RF coil element coupled to a second output transmission cable that is configured to carry a second signal that is associated with the second RF coil element, wherein the second RF coil element comprises a first portion of the first output transmission cable; and
a first balun configured to reduce coupling associated with the first signal, wherein the first balun is arranged between the first RF coil element and the second RF coil element.

US Pat. No. 10,690,736

LOCAL COIL FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE TOMOGRAPHY SYSTEM

Siemens Healthcare GmbH, ...

1. A local coil for a magnetic resonance tomography system, the local coil comprising:a coil winding, the coil winding comprising a plurality of coil segments of litz wire including a plurality of individual filaments that are insulated from one another and are repeatedly interrupted across a periphery of the coil winding so that the plurality of coil segments are coupled capacitively and not ohmically to one another.

US Pat. No. 10,690,735

WIRELESS DETECTION COIL SYSTEM

Aivitae LLC, Redwood Cit...

1. A wireless detection coil system comprising:a coil circuitry component configured to detect RF signals from excited spins of at least a region of an organism, the coil circuitry component comprising a RF detection coil and a detuning circuit for detuning the RF detection coil, the spins of the region of the organism being excited by excitation pulses from a source;
a coil signal detection component configured to extract at least some of the RF signals detected by the coil circuitry component and to convert the extracted RF signals from analog signal to digital signals; and
an excitation estimation component (i) comprising an attenuator and an envelope detector and (ii) configured to:
estimate, via the attenuator and the envelope detector, one or more values corresponding to the excitation pulses from the source;
generate a control timing signal from the one or more estimated values corresponding to the excitation pulses to set a state of the detuning circuit; and
a wireless communication component configured to wirelessly transmit the one or more estimated values corresponding to the excitation pulses along with the converted RF signals, and the control timing signal to a computer system external to the wireless detection coil system, the external computer system being configured to generate one or more images based on the converted RF signals, the one or more estimated values corresponding to the excitation pulses, and the control timing signal.

US Pat. No. 10,690,734

MAGNETIC RESONANCE EXAMINATION SYSTEM WITH FLUID COOLING ARRANGEMENT

Koninklijke Philips N.V.,...

1. A magnetic resonance examination system comprising:a cooling client;
a system cooling circuit in thermal correspondence with the cooling client and in thermal correspondence with a heat drain; including:
a main pump arranged in the system cooling circuit to drive fluid flow in the system cooling circuit, wherein
a heat source is arranged in thermal correspondence with the system cooling circuit,
a shut-off valve in the system cooling circuit and upstream or downstream of the cooling client, wherein
the system cooling circuit has a short-circuit parallel to the shut-off valve and a heat source is arranged in thermal correspondence with the short-circuit, and
a system back-up pump circuited in parallel to the main pump in the system fluid cooling circuit to drive fluid flow in the system fluid cooling circuit, wherein when the magnetic resonance system is in an imaging mode, the main pump is configured to drive fluid flow in the system cooling circuit and when the magnetic resonance system is in a stand-by mode the system back-up pump is configured to drive fluid flow in the system cooling circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,690,733

MAGNETIC IMAGE SENSOR

WEIHAI HUALING OPTO-ELECT...

1. A magnetic image sensor, comprising:a magnetic resistance (1), arranged along a scanning direction and configured to detect a changed magnetic signal in a range to be detected;
a configuration resistance (2), connected with the magnetic resistance (1), wherein a resistance value of the configuration resistance (2) is adjustable; and
a driving circuit (3), connected with the magnetic resistance (1) and configured to perform output control on the changed magnetic signal detected by the magnetic resistance (1);
wherein the magnetic resistance (1) is a Tunneling Magnetic Resistance (TMR) (100) manufactured on a semiconductor silicon wafer by vacuum coating, and a first pad (101) and a second pad (102) are configured to connect two ends of the TMR (100).

US Pat. No. 10,690,732

MAGNETIC FIELD MEASURING METHOD AND MAGNETIC FIELD MEASURING APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A magnetic field measuring method in which a combination coil provided with a plurality of coils having a common coil axis is used as a measuring target coil, and in which an inter-coil center position where a radial-magnetic-field distribution along the coil axis of the measuring target coil is up-down symmetric about a plane perpendicular to the coil axis, is determined, said magnetic field measuring method comprising, while using, as an offset axis, a direction that is parallel to the coil axis and at an offset position radially apart by a set length from the coil axis:measuring a first radial-magnetic-field using a magnetic field sensor placed at the offset position, to thereby measure an intensity of a radial magnetic field, at the offset position;
measuring a second radial-magnetic-field using the magnetic field sensor after being rotated at the offset position by a set angle around the offset axis, to thereby measure an intensity of a radial magnetic field at the offset position, and
measuring a center-position by:
measuring a first radial-magnetic-field distribution that is a distribution, along the offset axis, of intensities of radial magnetic fields of the coil that are measured such that the magnetic field sensor is moved along the direction of the offset axis in the first radial-magnetic-field measuring,
measuring a second radial-magnetic-field distribution that is a distribution along the offset axis, of the intensities of radial magnetic fields of the coil that are measured such that the magnetic field sensor is moved along the direction of the offset axis in the second radial-magnetic-field measuring, and
determining the inter-coil center position on the basis of the measured first radial-magnetic-field distribution and the measured second radial-magnetic-field distribution.

US Pat. No. 10,690,731

MAGNETIC FIELD SENSOR WITH ADAPTIVE THRESHOLD AND ASSOCIATED METHODS

Allegro MicroSystems, LLC...

1. A magnetic field sensor comprising:at least one magnetic field sensing element configured to generate a magnetic field signal indicative of a magnetic field associated with a target having features and spaced from the at least one magnetic field sensing element by an airgap;
a detector responsive to the magnetic field signal and to a threshold level to generate a sensor output signal containing transitions, each transition associated with a feature of the target and occurring in response to the magnetic field signal crossing the threshold level, wherein a difference between angles of the transitions and locations of the associated features of the target comprises a hard offset; and
a threshold generator, implemented in a microprocessor, configured to generate the threshold level that achieves a predetermined fixed hard offset and that adapts with a variation in the airgap in order to minimize an error between angles of the transitions of the sensor output signal over the variation in the airgap.

US Pat. No. 10,690,730

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REDUCING OFFSETS AND 1/F NOISE

Cirrus Logic, Inc., Aust...

1. An apparatus for coupling to a circuit that, in response to an input forced into the circuit, produces an output having undesired offsets and 1/f noise from sources and a desired signal, the desired signal having a frequency band, the offsets and 1/f noise having energy, the apparatus comprising:switching circuits controllable to force the input into the circuit and to sense the produced output in multiple ways to produce different combinations of positive and negative polarities of the desired signal and of the sources of the offsets and 1/f noise; and
a controller that generates a control signal that controls the switching circuits in a non-ordered time sequence of different combinations of positive and negative polarities of the sources of the offsets and 1/f noise that spreads their energy to a frequency range higher than and out of the desired signal frequency band, wherein the non-ordered time sequence leaves the polarity of the desired signal unchanged.

US Pat. No. 10,690,729

METHOD, SYSTEM AND ASSEMBLY FOR DETERMINING A REDUCTION OF REMAINING SERVICE LIFETIME OF AN ELECTRICAL DEVICE DURING A SPECIFIC TIME PERIOD OF OPERATION OF THE ELECTRICAL DEVICE

1. A method of determining a reduction of remaining service lifetime of an electrical device during a specific time period of operation of said electrical device, said electrical device being connected to a power distribution network, and having a maximum operating voltage and a maximum operating temperature, said method comprising the steps of:providing a measurement system comprising a voltage measurement device, a current measurement device, and a temperature measurement device,
measuring a set of voltage values corresponding to the voltage applied to said electrical device by said power distribution network during said specific time period by using said voltage measurement device,
measuring a set of current values corresponding to the current applied to said electrical device by said power distribution network during said specific time period by using said current measurement device,
measuring a set of ambient temperature values corresponding to the temperature of said electrical device during said specific time period by using said temperature measurement device,
determining a temperature dependent aging factor on the basis of a temperature value, and
determining said reduction of remaining service life on the basis of said specific time period, and said temperature dependent aging factor,
wherein said temperature measurement device is adapted to measure an ambient temperature outside said electrical device and derive said temperature value from said set of ambient temperature values, said set of current values, and said set of voltage values.

US Pat. No. 10,690,728

PLASMA-GENERATING DEVICE

FUJI CORPORATION, Chiryu...

1. A plasma-generating device comprising:a pair of electrodes configured to generate plasma by electrical discharge;
a power supply device configured to generate power to be supplied to the pair of electrodes;
a pair of cables configured to transmit the power from the power supply device to the pair of electrodes;
a conductive shield member configured to shield the pair of cables;
a ground cable configured to ground the shield member;
a detector configured to detecting a current flowing through the ground cable; and
a reporting section configured to report a current abnormality in response to the detection by the detector of a current equal to or greater than a predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 10,690,727

IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS ASSOCIATED WITH A FAULT IN A PLASMA SYSTEM

Lam Research Corporation,...

1. A method comprising:applying, by a radio frequency (RF) power supply of a frequency generator and measurement device (FGMD), a plurality of RF signals having a plurality of frequency ranges of operational states of a baseline plasma system;
receiving measurements of a model parameter upon applying the plurality of frequency ranges;
determining a plurality of errors in the measurements of the model parameter of the baseline plasma system, wherein the plurality of errors occur as a result of a plurality of faulty components of the baseline plasma system;
associating each of the plurality of frequency ranges corresponding to the plurality of errors in the model parameter to a corresponding one of the plurality of faulty components of the baseline plasma system;
iteratively testing a target plasma system with the RF power supply of the FGMD to apply each of the plurality of frequency ranges to identify one of the plurality of frequency ranges for which one of the plurality of errors is detected; and
identifying one of a plurality of components having a fault in the target plasma system based on the one of the plurality of frequency ranges identified during the iterative test.

US Pat. No. 10,690,726

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM AND VEHICLE

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. A power supply system comprising:a lead battery supplying power to an electric load of a vehicle;
a battery state acquisition device acquiring a value related to a state of the lead battery; and
a battery deterioration determination device determining the state of the lead battery based on the value acquired by the battery state acquisition device,
wherein the battery state acquisition device acquires a value of a charge amount of the lead battery, a value of a discharge amount of the lead battery, and a value of a discharge depth of the lead battery, and
the battery deterioration determination device determines deterioration of the lead battery based on a charge amount acquisition value, a discharge amount acquisition value, and a discharge depth acquisition value acquired by the battery state acquisition device, wherein the battery deterioration determination device calculates an increment of a deterioration parameter indicating a degree of progress of deterioration of the lead battery by correcting a sum of the charge amount acquisition value and the discharge amount acquisition value over a predetermined period based on a maximum discharge depth acquisition value, which is a maximum value of a discharge depth acquired in the predetermined period, and the battery deterioration determination device calculates a value of the deterioration parameter by integrating the increment and determines deterioration of the lead battery based on the value of the deterioration parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,690,725

BATTERY STATE-OF-CHARGE ESTIMATION

ATIEVA, INC., Newark, CA...

1. A method of operation within a battery system having a plurality of battery blocks coupled in series between terminals of a battery pack, the method comprising:measuring respective charging and discharging voltages of the battery blocks while charging and discharging the battery blocks;
determining a state-of-charge of the battery pack based, at least in part, on the charging and discharging voltages of the battery blocks;
detecting an anomalous battery block exhibiting outlier upper and lower peak voltages with both upper peak voltage, during charging, and lower peak voltage, during discharging, exceeding statistical thresholds;
adjusting a state-of-charge of one or more of the battery blocks downward, responsive to determining that an upper peak battery block voltage of each of the one or more of the battery blocks during the charging reaches a predetermined proximity to a high operating limit that prevents damage during the charging, wherein the adjusting downward comprises discharging the one or more of the battery blocks into one or more other battery blocks;
adjusting a state-of-charge of a further one or more of the battery blocks upward, responsive to determining that a lower peak battery block voltage of each of the further one or more battery blocks during the discharging reaches a further predetermined proximity to a low operating limit that prevents damage during the discharging; and
adjusting a state-of-charge of the anomalous battery block to center the outlier upper peak voltage and the outlier lower peak voltage, relative to the high operating limit and the low operating limit.

US Pat. No. 10,690,724

POWER SUPPLY PROTECTIVE DEVICE, POWER SUPPLY DEVICE AND SWITCH FAILURE DIAGNOSING METHOD

GS YUASA INTERNATIONAL LT...

1. A power supply protective device, comprising:a first switch provided between a first terminal to which at least one of a load and a charger is connected and a second terminal to which a power supply is connected;
a switching circuit connected in parallel to the first switch and including a second switch and a voltage drop element connected in series to the second switch, the voltage drop element causing a voltage drop of a reference voltage by a current flow;
a voltage detection unit which detects at least one voltage of a first voltage as a voltage of the first terminal, a second voltage as a voltage of the second terminal, and a third voltage as a voltage at a point between the second switch and the voltage drop element; and
a control unit which gives, to the first switch and the second switch, an open instruction to bring the switch into an open state and a close instruction to bring the switch into a closed state to control switching, and obtains a voltage from the voltage detection unit,
wherein the control unit, when obtaining an open voltage in a case where the second switch is brought into the closed state and the first switch is brought into the open state during discharging of the power supply, and obtaining a close voltage in a case where the second switch is brought into the closed state and the first switch is brought into the closed state during discharging of the power supply, diagnoses the first switch as having a failure or not on a basis of the open voltage and the close voltage, and
wherein the voltage detection unit detects a voltage of the first terminal and does not detect a voltage of the second terminal, and the control unit diagnoses the first switch as having the failure or not on a basis of a comparison result obtained by comparing a difference voltage between the close voltage and the open voltage with a first threshold voltage corresponding to the reference voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,690,723

DETERMINATION AND CORRECTION OF PHYSICAL CIRCUIT EVENT RELATED ERRORS OF A HARDWARE DESIGN

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A system, comprising:a memory that stores computer executable components; and
a processor that executes the computer executable components stored in the memory, wherein the computer executable components comprise:
an observation component that determines one or more paths of an emulated hardware design that are vulnerable to physical circuit event related errors based on a biased fault injection; and
a feedback component that returns timing error information obtained from the biased fault injection into a synthesis flow that selectively targets vulnerable elements in the emulated hardware design.

US Pat. No. 10,690,722

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR EFFICIENT IDENTIFICATION OF GLITCH FAILURES IN INTEGRATED CIRCUITS

Real Intent, Inc., Sunny...

1. A method for detecting potential for glitch failures in a digital integrated circuit, said method being embodied as a set of computer instructions stored on computer readable media, said computer instructions, when loaded into a computer, causing the computer to perform the steps of said method, said detection being performed on a model of said digital integrated circuit to be fabricated, said model comprising a multiplicity of combinational logic circuits, each of said logic circuits having a multiplicity of inputs and one output, each of said inputs and output taking either the logic value 0, or the logic value 1, or a symbolic value indicating logic value transition from 0 to 1, or a symbolic value indicating logic value transition from 1 to 0, said detection being performed for the purpose of ensuring error-free operation of said digital integrated circuit to be fabricated, the method comprising:analyzing, for each of said logic circuits, whether any path from an input of said logic circuit to the output of said logic circuit has the characteristic that its delay is either unmeasured or that the amount of said delay would cause a value change from said input to propagate to said output later than the time at which said output value change is intended to be observed or intended to be captured in a storage element connected to said output, a path with said characteristic being termed an untimed path;
classifying any logic circuit from said multiplicity of logic circuits to be free of glitch failure if said logic circuit has no untimed path;
determining from said multiplicity of logic circuits in said integrated circuit model a subset of logic circuits, each logic circuit in said subset having untimed paths that all emanate from a single input of said logic circuit, said subset being termed single-driver logic cones;
determining a subset of said single-driver logic cones, each logic circuit in said subset having no pair of untimed paths that converge with different inversion parity, said subset being termed single-driver glitch-free logic cones, and classifying each logic circuit in said subset to be free of glitch failure;
determining a subset of said single-driver logic cones, each logic circuit in said subset not belonging to said single-driver glitch-free logic cones, terming said subset single-driver potentially-glitchy logic cones;
determining from said multiplicity of logic circuits in said integrated circuit model a subset of logic circuits, each logic circuit in said subset having more than one input from which untimed paths emanate, said subset being termed multi-driver logic cones;
performing Boolean analysis for each logic circuit in said multi-driver logic cones to determine if logic value transitions on two or more inputs to said logic circuit can simultaneously propagate along untimed paths in said logic circuit to the output of said logic circuit, said logic circuit being classified as having potential for glitch failure if said simultaneous propagation is determined to be possible, said logic circuit being termed multi-driver glitchy logic cone, otherwise said logic circuit being termed multi-driver glitch-free logic cones if said simultaneous propagation is deemed to not be possible;
optionally removing from said multi-driver glitch-free logic cones any logic circuit that does not have two untimed paths emanating from a single input to said logic circuit, said two untimed paths converging with different inversion parities;
performing Boolean analysis for each logic circuit in said single-driver potentially glitchy logic cones or in said multi-driver glitch-free logic cones to determine if logic value transitions on a single input to said logic circuit can simultaneously propagate along two or more untimed paths in said logic circuit to the output of said logic circuit, at least two of said two or more untimed paths converging with different inversion parity, said logic circuit being classified as having potential for glitch failure if said simultaneous propagation is determined to be possible, said logic circuit being termed single-driver glitchy logic cone, otherwise said logic circuit being termed glitch-free if said simultaneous propagation is deemed to not be possible;
reporting all logic circuits from said multiplicity of logic circuits in said integrated circuit model, which are not determined to be glitch free, as erroneous logic circuits requiring correction, said erroneous logic circuits being termed glitchy logic cones;
and, if all logic circuits from said multiplicity of logic circuits in said integrated circuit model are determined to be glitch free, providing said error-free integrated circuit model to a fabrication facility to fabricate an error-free integrated circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,690,721

ADAPTIVE GLITCH DETECTOR FOR SYSTEM ON A CHIP

STMicroelectronics Asia P...

1. A glitch detector, comprising:an input flip flop being clocked by a clock signal and having a non-inverting data output, an inverting data output, and a data input coupled to receive input from the inverting data output, wherein the input flip flop is configured to generate a divided version of the clock signal at the non-inverting data output;
a configurable delay chain receiving the divided version of the clock signal and configured to generate a delayed version of the divided version of the clock signal as a delay output;
an intermediate flip flop being clocked by the clock signal and having a data input coupled to receive the delay output, wherein the intermediate flip flop is configured to generate an intermediate output as a function of the delay output; and
a logic circuit configured to receive the divided version of the clock signal and the intermediate output, and to generate a glitch detect signal by performing a logical operation on the divided version of the clock signal and the intermediate output.

US Pat. No. 10,690,720

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT WITH JTAG PORT, TAP LINKING MODULE, AND OFF CHIP TAP INTERFACE PORT

Texas Instruments Incorpo...

1. An integrated circuit, comprising:(A) a substrate;
(B) primary interface formed on the substrate, the primary interface having a test data in input, a test clock input, a test mode select input, a test reset input, and a test data out output;
(C) a secondary interface formed on the substrate separate from the primary interface, the secondary interface having a test data in output, a test clock output, a test mode select output, a test reset output, and a test data out input; and
(D) multiplexer circuitry coupling:
i. the test data in input to the test data in output;
ii. the test mode select input to the test mode select output; and
iii. the test data out output to the test data out input.

US Pat. No. 10,690,719

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TESTING AN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

1. A system for testing an application-specific integrated circuit represented by a description comprising a set of paths linking a plurality of logic cells, the test system comprising a characterization integrated circuit comprising at least two configurable test structures each comprising a plurality of activatable logic cells and a plurality of connectors for activating and interconnecting the logic cells, and a test assembly (EDT) comprising:a device for controlling the characterization integrated circuit, configured to vary at least one physical parameter of at least one configurable test structure so as to accelerate its aging so as to obtain at least one degraded test structure,
an interface for receiving at least one description of an application-specific integrated circuit and extracting at least one path from the description, a device for configuring the characterization integrated circuit so as to activate and interconnect at least one subset of the logic cells of at least one degraded test structure and of at least one non-degraded test structure, so that they each produce a topology identical to at least one portion of an extracted path,
a measurement control device for performing at least one first measurement of a physical variable on said at least one degraded test structure and at least one second measurement, identical to the first measurement, on said at least one non-degraded test structure.

US Pat. No. 10,690,718

USING EMBEDDED TIME-VARYING CODE GENERATOR TO PROVIDE SECURE ACCESS TO EMBEDDED CONTENT IN AN ON CHIP ACCESS ARCHITECTURE

SiliconAid Solutions, Inc...

1. An integrated circuit comprising:a serial scan path comprising:
a SIB circuit adapted to:
receive a clock signal;
receive a serial input data signal;
receive an unlock signal; and
develop a first serial data out signal;
a first shift register of a first length adapted to:
receive said first serial data out signal;
receive said clock signal; and
develop a first output data as a function of said first serial data out signal and said clock signal; and
a second shift register adapted to:
receive a select signal;
receive said first serial data out signal;
receive said clock signal; and
develop a second serial data out signal if said select signal is asserted;
said SIB circuit further adapted to:
receive a scan enable signal;
receive said update enable signal;
receive said second serial data out signal;
receive said unlock signal;
develop said select signal as a function of said clock signal, said serial input data signal, said scan enable signal, an update enable signal, and said unlock signal;
develop said first serial data out signal as a function of said clock signal, said serial input data signal, and said scan enable signal; and
develop said first serial data out signal as a function of:
said clock signal, said serial input data signal, said second serial data out signal, and said scan enable signal if said select signal is asserted; and
said clock signal, said serial input data signal, and said scan enable signal if said select signal is de-asserted; and
a time-varying encryption code generation circuit coupled to said first shift register, said code generation circuit comprising:
an update register adapted to:
receive said clock signal;
receive said update enable signal;
receive said first output data; and
develop a second output data as a function of said first output data, said update enable signal, and said clock signal; and
a code comparator adapted to:
receive said second output data;
compare said second output data to a stored key value, and, in response, to:
develop an assert value on said unlock signal if said second output data matches said stored key value; and
develop a de-assert value on said unlock signal if said second output data does not match said stored key value.

US Pat. No. 10,690,717

ENABLE INPUT BUFFER COUPLING ENABLE PAD, FUNCTIONAL CIRCUITRY, TEST CIRCUIT

Texas Instruments Incorpo...

1. A die of semiconductor material comprising:(a) a conventional input pad, and a conventional output pad;
(b) a first test pad, a second test pad, and a third test pad, the first test pad, the second test pad and the third test pad being separate from the conventional input pad and the conventional output pad;
(c) first circuitry having a first input terminal, a first output terminal, and a second input terminal;
(d) a first input buffer having an input coupled to the conventional input pad, and having an output coupled to the first input terminal;
(e) a first output buffer having an input coupled to the first output terminal, and having an output coupled to the conventional output pad;
(f) a first test buffer having an input coupled with the first test pad, having an output coupled with the first input terminal, and having an enable input;
(g) a second test buffer having an input coupled with the first output terminal, having an output coupled with the second test pad, and having an enable input; and
(h) a third test buffer having an input coupled with the third test pad, and an output coupled with the second input terminal, the enable input of the first test buffer, and the enable input of the second test buffer.

US Pat. No. 10,690,716

MULTILAYER WIRING BOARD FOR INSPECTION OF ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS

NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.,...

1. A multilayer wiring board for inspection of electronic components, the multilayer wiring board comprising:a ceramic wiring substrate having a substrate main surface and a substrate rear surface and having a structure in which a plurality of ceramic insulation layers are stacked;
substrate-side conductive layers formed on the substrate main surface;
a resin wiring portion stacked on the substrate main surface so as to cover the substrate-side conductive layers and having a structure in which a plurality of resin insulation layers are stacked; and
a plurality of inspection pads, for inspection of electronic components, formed on a front surface of the resin wiring portion, wherein
end surfaces of the substrate-side conductive layers are exposed from side surfaces of the multilayer wiring board,
an outer peripheral edge of a rear surface of the resin wiring portion is in contact with surfaces of the substrate-side conductive layers, and
end surfaces of the resin wiring portion and the end surfaces of the substrate-side conductive layers are positioned closer to a center of the board than end surfaces of the ceramic wiring substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,690,715

SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION APPARATUS

QualiTau, Inc., Mountain...

3. A signal distribution apparatus for applying a stress voltage signal to a plurality of devices under test (DUTs), the distribution apparatus comprising:a single input that receives the stress voltage signal to be distributed; a plurality of outputs that distribute the stress voltage signal to the plurality of DUTs; and
a plurality of integrated current limiter and switch circuits, each integrated current limiter and switch circuit connecting a DUT of the plurality of DUTs to the single input through one of the plurality of outputs, and comprising at least one combined switching and current limiting element and a biasing circuit connected to the pair of transistors, the biasing circuit comprising a photovoltaic isolator for biasing the pair of transistors to an on or off state, wherein the at least one combined switching and current limiting element is a pair of transistors for limiting and switching bipolar currents to and from the DUT.

US Pat. No. 10,690,714

APPARATUS COMPRISING A SEMICONDUCTOR-BASED PHOTOMULTIPLIER AND METHOD REGARDING GAIN STABILIZATION

1. An apparatus comprising a semiconductor-based photomultiplier, the apparatus being configured to:inject a first input pulse into the semiconductor-based photomultiplier;
determine a revised bias voltage for the semiconductor-based photomultiplier based at least in part on a first output pulse corresponding to the first input pulse and a second output pulse from the semiconductor-based photomultiplier that is obtained at another time as compared to the first output pulse; and
adjust a bias voltage for the semiconductor-based photomultiplier to the revised bias voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,690,713

METHOD OF DETECTING AN ELECTRIC ARC BY ANALYSIS OF ITS ACOUSTIC SIGNATURE

1. A system comprising an electrical system having a conductor, at least one sensor arranged to detect acoustic waves in the electrical system, and a calculation device for detecting an electric arc by the conductor in the electrical system from a signal originating from the at least one sensor, the calculation device comprising a processing device arranged to implement the following steps:a) calculating, over a sliding window of samples of the signal, at least one statistical parameter selected from the skewness and the kurtosis of the signal;
b) detecting a possible occurrence of an event by taking into account said at least one statistical parameter; and
c) performing a frequency analysis of the signal enabling to identify the electric arc, only when the event is detected at step b), thereby decreasing processing required by the processing device,
where the frequency analysis of the signal comprises calculating spectral power density of the signal by calculating a quantity representative of the energy of the signal in a spectral band characteristic of electric arcs, and detecting possible crossing of an energy threshold in this band, and where the quantity representative of the energy of the signal in the spectral band characteristic of electric arcs is normalized with respect to a quantity representative of the energy of the signal in another spectral band.

US Pat. No. 10,690,712

METHOD FOR DETECTING SOFT FAULTS IN A CABLE, WHICH METHOD IS BASED ON THE INTEGRAL OF A REFLECTOGRAM

1. A method for detecting soft faults in a transmission line comprising the steps of:acquiring a measurement signal, called time-domain reflectogram, characteristic of the reflection of a reference signal previously injected into the line,
calculating the integral of the time-domain reflectogram,
selecting, from the samples of the integral of the time-domain reflectogram, a first sample P1, a second sample P2, delayed by a first delay k1 relative to the first sample P1 and a third sample P3, delayed by a second delay k2 relative to the second sample P2,
calculating a first distance equal to the difference in absolute value between the value of the second sample P2 and the value of either one of the first sample P1 or of the third sample P3,
calculating a second distance equal to the difference in absolute value between the value of the first sample P1 and of the third sample P3,
performing a first comparison of the first distance to the second distance weighted by a weighting coefficient ?,
deducing from the result of the first comparison information on the existence of a soft fault at a position of the transmission line corresponding to the time-domain abscissa of the second sample P2.

US Pat. No. 10,690,711

ELECTROSTATIC TEST DEVICE FOR DISPLAY MODULE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An electrostatic test device for a display module, comprising:a fixing frame;
an electrostatic test probe on the fixing frame;
a film-stripping mechanism on the fixing frame, the film-stripping mechanism being configured to strip off a protective film on the display module; and
a drive assembly configured to drive the electrostatic test probe and/or the film-stripping mechanism to move,
wherein the drive assembly comprises: a first driver configured to drive the fixing frame to move in a first direction; and a second driver configured to drive the fixing frame to move in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction,
wherein the first driver comprises at least one first lead screw, and the second driver wherein the electrostatic test probe comprises: a first electrostatic test probe configured to test static electricity of a surface of the display module; and a second electrostatic test probe configured to test static electricity of a surface of the protective film.

US Pat. No. 10,690,710

METHOD FOR PREPARING AN OBJECT TO BE TESTED AND METHOD FOR IMPROVING THE UNIFORMITY AND INTENSITY OF AN ELECTRIC FIELD INDUCED IN SAID OBJECT ILLUMINATED BY AN INCIDENT ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE

11. A method for improving uniformity and intensity of an electric field induced in an object to be tested illuminated by an incident electromagnetic wave, the object having a relative permittivity, wherein the method comprises:preparing the object to be tested the preparing comprising:
supplying a part having a cavity to house the object and having at least one extension element made of a material with a relative permittivity equal to the relative permittivity of the object within +/?50%, the at least one extension element partly delimiting the cavity and extending on each side of the cavity along a passage direction of the cavity, over a length which is, on each side of the cavity, equal to at least one third of the length of the cavity along the passage direction;
placing the object in the cavity such that the object s in contact with the at least one extension element along the passage direction; and
placing the part in an exposure system having at least two electrically conducting elements made of an electrically conducting material and placed approximately parallel to and facing each other, such that the part s placed between the two electrical conducting elements; and
applying an incident electric field on the object to be tested by illumination of the object with an incident electromagnetic wave, a direction of the incident electric field of the incident electromagnetic wave being chosen to be identical to the passage direction of the cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,690,709

SYSTEM FOR MONITORING RESISTANCE AND CURRENT IN GROUND LINE

SUNKWANG LIGHTNING PROTEC...

1. A system for monitoring resistance and current of a ground line, the system comprising:a ground electrode (100) positioned in an earth; and
a monitoring device (200) configured to measure a current and resistance of a ground line,
wherein the monitoring device (200) comprises:
a ground current sensing unit (210) configured to measure the current of the ground line;
a resistance sensing unit (220) configured to measure ground resistance of the earth and an earth resistance rate;
a voltage sensing unit (230) configured to check a voltage value of commercial power;
a temperature and humidity sensing unit (240) configured to check a surrounding temperature and humidity of the monitoring device (200); and
a monitoring unit (250) configured to confirm whether the ground current, ground resistance and earth resistance measured by the ground current sensing unit (210) and the resistance sensing unit (220) are abnormal values by compared with reference values classified based on the temperature and humidity measured by the temperature and humidity sensing unit (240),
wherein the resistance sensing unit (220) comprises:
a ground resistance sensing unit (221) configured to measure ground resistance between the ground electrodes (100) positioned in the earth by flowing a current for measurement into the ground electrodes (100) and an earth resistance rate sensing unit (222) configured to measure the earth resistance rate of the earth, and
wherein the monitoring unit (250) further comprises:
a measurement power application unit (251) configured to apply power for measurement to the ground electrode (100) so that the ground resistance and the earth resistance rate are measured;
a sensing value management unit (252) configured to receive information about the ground current, ground resistance and earth resistance rate measured by the ground current sensing unit (210), the voltage sensing unit (230) and the temperature and humidity sensing unit (240);
a sensing value comparator (253) configured to check whether the sensing values received from the sensing value management unit (252) are abnormal values of references or higher by comparing the sensing values with reference values of a previously registered ground current, ground resistance and earth resistance rate so that the sensing values are distinguished based on temperature and humidity;
an abnormal notification unit (254) configured to provide the external management center (300) with information about an abnormal item and an abnormal value if, as a result of the comparison of the sensing value comparator (253), the measured values of the current, ground resistance and earth resistance rate are found to be abnormal values;
a sensing value display unit (255) positioned in an outside of the monitoring device (200) to display the sensing values received from the sensing value management unit (252) and an abnormal item and abnormal value checked by the sensing value comparator (253) so that the sensing values and the abnormal item and abnormal value are able to be viewed externally; and
a sensing value notification unit (256) configured to provide the external management center (300) with information received by the sensing value management unit (252).

US Pat. No. 10,690,708

DIFFERENTIAL PHASE AND AMPLITUDE DETECTOR

pSemi Corporation, San D...

1. A circuit arrangement comprising:a first differential phase and amplitude detector, comprising:
an NMOS transistor;
a PMOS transistor;
a first input coupled to a gate node of the NMOS transistor, the first input configured for receiving a first radio frequency (RF) signal having a first voltage;
a second input coupled to a gate node of the PMOS transistor, the second input configured for receiving a second RF signal having a second voltage;
a differential output comprising a first node coupled to a source node of the NMOS transistor and a second node coupled to a source node of the PMOS transistor, and
a sampling capacitor coupled between the first node and the second node;
wherein:
when the first voltage and the second voltage are equal, a first DC biasing current flows through the NMOS transistor, a second DC biasing current flows through the PMOS transistor, and no current flows between the first node and the second node,
when the first voltage is larger than the second voltage, an excess current sourced by the NMOS transistor and sinked by the PMOS transistor flows from the first node to the second node to charge the sampling capacitor, the excess current having a magnitude that is substantially larger than the first DC biasing current, and
when the first voltage is smaller than the second voltage, no current flows between the NMOS transistor and the PMOS transistor, and the sampling capacitor is discharged by a portion of the first and the second DC biasing currents that flow from the second node to the first node.

US Pat. No. 10,690,707

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR VERIFYING AN ENERGY GENERATION SOURCE

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A system for verifying an energy generation source, comprising:a key forming device that forms a key comprising an OFF pattern in a DC voltage signal generated by the energy generation source; and
a verifying device that verifies the energy generation source based on the key in the DC voltage signal.

US Pat. No. 10,690,706

DEVICE FOR MEASURING AN ELECTRICAL QUANTITY OF ONE PHASE OF AN AC ELECTRIC CURRENT OF AN OVERHEAD ELECTRICAL NETWORK

SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC INDUST...

1. A device for measuring an electrical quantity of one phase of an AC electric current of an overhead electrical network, comprising:a sensor, configured to be attached to an electric line of the overhead electrical network, this sensor comprising:
an electrically conductive plate, and
an electrical conductor, configured to electrically connect the plate to the electric line, for the circulation of a first electric current from the electric line through the electrical conductor,
a computation unit, configured to determine the electrical quantity from a value of the first electric current and a value of an electrical capacity between the plate and the ground,wherein the device further includes:a generator, electrically connected to the electrical conductor and configured to inject a second electric current through the electrical conductor, this second electric current having a frequency different from the frequency of the first electric current,
the computation unit further being configured to compute the value of the electrical capacity between the plate and the ground as a function of a value of the second electric current.

US Pat. No. 10,690,705

POWER CONVERTER FOR A THERMAL SYSTEM

Watlow Electric Manufactu...

1. A thermal system comprising:a heater comprising a resistive heating element operable to emit heat and operable as a sensor; and
a control system comprising:
a power converter being a step-down voltage converter and including a power switch, wherein the power converter is electrically coupled to the heater and is operable to apply an output voltage that is adjustable to the resistive heating element;
a sensor circuit configured to measure at least one of a voltage and an electric current of the resistive heating element; and
a controller connected to the power converter and the sensor circuit, the controller being configured to determine the output voltage applied to the resistive heating element based on an input parameter and a desired setpoint, wherein the controller is configured to operate the power switch of the power converter to apply the output voltage applied to the resistive heating element, and the input parameter includes a temperature of the resistive heating element that is determined based on the at least one of the voltage and the electric current, and the desired setpoint is based on an operational state of the heater.

US Pat. No. 10,690,704

MULTI-ACCESS CONTROL AND MULTI-RELAY SYSTEMS AND METHODS

I.D. Systems, Inc., Wood...

1. A multi-access relay comprising:a first multi-relay;
a second multi-relay;
first and second contacts for receiving a control current of the first multi-relay; and
third and fourth contacts for receiving a control current of the second multi-relay,
wherein each of the first multi-relay and the second multi-relay comprise:
a respective first relay switch operable over a first current range;
a respective second relay switch operable over a second current range; and
a respective current sensor configured to:
detect the respective control current;
in response to detecting the respective control current being within the first current range, activate the respective first relay switch; and
in response to detecting the respective control current being within the second current range, activate the respective second relay switch.

US Pat. No. 10,690,703

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE FOR MONITORING A REVERSE VOLTAGE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a reverse voltage monitoring circuit connected to an input node and an output node of a functional block within the semiconductor device and powered by a driving power, the reverse voltage monitoring circuit configured to monitor a difference between an input level at the input node and an output level at the output node to detect a reverse voltage across the functional block; and
a passive component connected between an output node of the reverse voltage monitoring circuit and a potential;
wherein the driving power is provided by the output node of the functional block in the semiconductor device.

US Pat. No. 10,690,702

DISCRETE INPUT DETERMINING CIRCUIT AND METHOD

GE AVIATION SYSTEMS LLC, ...

1. A discrete input determining circuit, comprising:an input biasing network connected to a discrete input for providing a first input voltage;
a voltage divider network for dividing the first input voltage into a second input voltage and a third input voltage;
a first comparator, wherein a non-inverting input terminal of the first comparator receives the second input voltage; and
a second comparator, wherein an inverting input terminal of the second comparator receives the third input voltage;
wherein an inverting input terminal of the first comparator and a non-inverting input terminal of the second comparator receive a reference voltage, and an output terminal of the first comparator and an output terminal of the second comparator are configured to provide a logic output; and
wherein the voltage divider network comprises a second resistive load between the second input voltage and the third input voltage and a third resistive load between the third input voltage and a ground.

US Pat. No. 10,690,701

CORELESS CURRENT PROBE AND A METHOD OF MEASURING CURRENT

GMW ASSOCIATES INCORPORAT...

1. A coreless current probe comprising a body defining an opening, whereby a conductor carrying a current to be measured can be accommodated in said opening so as to extend through said opening;at least three coreless single point magnetic field sensors distributed in or on said body around said opening such that the at least three coreless single point magnetic field sensors are co-planar or are not co-planar, said sensors each having a respective axis of magnetic field sensitivity;
and sensing circuitry connected to said sensors which is operative to produce for each of said sensors a respective sensor signal which is a measure of the angle component of magnetic field at the sensor aligned with the respective axis of magnetic field sensitivity of the sensor,
said sensors being arranged such that there are values of cr for which, in any homogeneous magnetic field and no enclosed current,
where n is the number of said magnetic field sensors,hr is said measure of said magnetic field component for the rth sensor, and cr is a constant factor for the rth sensor,
said sensing circuitry being further operative to combine said measures hr employing the summation
to produce a measured current value representing current following in a conductor accommodated in said opening in said body of said probe, where at least one value of cr in said summation differs from other values of cr.

US Pat. No. 10,690,700

MULTIPLE CORE TRANSFORMER ASSEMBLY

Leviton Manufacturing Com...

1. A circuit interrupting device comprising:a current sensor core;
a core assembly defining a longitudinal axis and including:
a grounded neutral transformer core;
a high frequency transformer core, the grounded neutral transformer core and the high frequency transformer core are stacked along the longitudinal axis; and
a differential transformer core disposed within a cavity defined by both the grounded neutral transformer core and the high frequency transformer core.

US Pat. No. 10,690,699

HOLDER WITH SELF-ALIGNING FEATURE FOR HOLDING CURRENT SENSOR AROUND LINE CONDUCTOR

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

1. A holder for a current sensor, comprising:a first portion having a first inner surface, a first opposing outermost radial surface, a first opposing side surface and a second opposing side surface, wherein each side surface extends radially outward from the first inner surface to the first outermost radial surface, and a first groove formed in and extending along a circumferential length of the first outermost radial surface;
a second portion having a second inner surface, a second opposing outermost radial surface, a first opposing side surface and a second opposing side surface, wherein each side surface extends radially outward from the second inner surface to the second outermost radial surface, and a second groove formed in and extending along a length of the second outermost radial surface, wherein the first portion is at least partially separable from the second portion, the first and second inner surfaces defining an opening through the first and second portions, and the first groove joins the second groove; and
a plurality of flexible members on the first and second portions and extending toward the opening;
wherein the flexible members are configured to hold a line conductor substantially centered within the opening, wherein the first and second inner surfaces are disposed proximate to the line conductor when the line conductor is disposed within the opening,
and wherein the first groove and the second groove are each configured to join one another and receive a current sensing coil.

US Pat. No. 10,690,698

SCANNING PROBE MICROSCOPE COMBINED WITH A DEVICE FOR ACTING ON A PROBE AND A SPECIMEN

1. A scanning probe microscope combined with a device for acting on a probe and sample, comprising a base having mounted thereon a punch module with a punch, comprising a first cutting edge, wherein the punch module comprises a first drive which provides for the movement of the punch along a first coordinate X and a second drive which provides for the movement of the punch along a second coordinate Y, and a first cutting edge is disposed along a second coordinate Y also comprising a lever mounted on the base with the capability of movement in the direction of the third coordinate Z and coupled to a pusher of the third drive which provides for movement of the lever along the third coordinate Z, also comprising a measurement unit which is secured on the lever and consists of a set of structural elements comprising a platform, a piezo scanner with sample holder on which is mounted a sample carrier with sample having a surface to be measured, also comprising a probe unit with probe holder in which a probe is secured, wherein the first cutting average of the punch directs its sharpened point at the sample in the direction of the third coordinate Z and is disposed with the capability of interacting with the sample by moving it along the coordinate Z with the lever, the piezo scanner being secured on the platform and providing for scanning of the sample in the X, Y, Z coordinates, a probe unit being mounted on the platform and coupled to the fourth drive, providing for movement of the probe unit along a first coordinate X, while the probe has the capability of interacting with the surface to be measured of the sample during scanning along the coordinates X, Y, Z, characterized in that a mechanical action module, secured on the punch module and having the capability of interacting with at least one element from the set of structural elements of the measurement unit is incorporated in it.

US Pat. No. 10,690,697

METROLOGY TECHNIQUE THAT PROVIDES TRUE FLATTENING

SEAGATE TECHNOLOGY LLC, ...

1. A method comprising:scanning a first surface of a workpiece with a scanning probe at a first resolution to derive a first topographical image;
performing a refining operation on the first topographical image to obtain a true first topographical image;
scanning, with the scanning probe, a surface of interest of the workpiece, which is a sub-portion of the first surface, at a second resolution that is higher than the first resolution to derive a second topographical image;
scaling down the second topographical image to the first resolution to obtain a scaled-down second topographical image that is separate from the second topographical image at the second resolution;
after scaling down the second topographical image to the first resolution to obtain the separate scaled-down second topographical image, performing a pattern recognition operation, with the separate scaled-down second topographical image at the first resolution, to substantially match the scaled-down second topographical image to a corresponding sub-portion of the true first topographical image;
determining a first second-order plane for the matched sub-portion of the true first topographical image;
determining a second second-order plane for the second topographical image scaled down to the first resolution;
calculating a difference between the first second-order plane and the second second-order plane;
rescaling the calculated difference to the second resolution; and
applying the calculated difference at the second resolution to the second topographical image at the second resolution to obtain a true second topographical image.

US Pat. No. 10,690,696

ACCELERATION SENSOR

HITACHI, LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A MEMS capacitive acceleration sensor comprising:a capacitive MEMS; a C/V amplifier; an analog/digital converter; a digital PID control unit; and a binarizer,
wherein the C/V amplifier converts a charge signal output from the capacitive MEMS into an electric signal, the analog/digital converter converts an analog signal based on the electric signal into a digital signal, the digital PID control unit calculates a control signal based on the digital signal, the binarizer converts the control signal into a binary signal, a negative feedback servo control loop in which the capacitive MEMS is controlled by the binary signal is formed,
the digital PID control unit performs integration at least once to calculate the control signal,
the binarizer forms a feedback loop comprising an integrator, a subtractor, and an encoder, and
the encoder generates a binary output depending on whether an input signal is a positive value or a negative value.

US Pat. No. 10,690,695

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING DRIVING BEHAVIOR

SHANGHAI XIAOYI TECHNOLOG...

1. A method performed by a processor for detecting driving behavior, the method comprising:sampling, at a preset time interval, acceleration data of a vehicle generated by an accelerometer along a longitudinal direction of the vehicle, the accelerometer being mounted on the vehicle;
determining an average acceleration along a longitudinal direction by averaging the sampled acceleration data over a first preset time period, the average acceleration being represented by a magnitude and a direction; and
when the magnitude of the average acceleration is greater than a first preset magnitude, determining an aggressive driving behavior has occurred;
wherein:
the accelerometer is a 3-axis accelerometer; and
the method further comprises before the average acceleration along the longitudinal direction is determined:
sampling, at the preset time interval, acceleration data generated by the accelerometer along a second direction and a third direction, respectively, the longitudinal, second, and third directions being mutually perpendicular; and
determining whether ?x2+y2+z2 is greater than or equal to a second preset magnitude, x being a magnitude of the acceleration data along the second direction, y being a magnitude of the acceleration data along the third direction, z being a magnitude of the acceleration data along the first direction, and the second preset magnitude being less than or equal to the first preset magnitude,
wherein the determining of the average acceleration along the longitudinal direction is conditioned upon the ?x2+y2+z2 being greater than or equal to the second preset magnitude.

US Pat. No. 10,690,693

SENSOR COMPRISING AN INTEGRATED IDENTIFICATION DEVICE

1. A sensor comprising:at least one magnetic field sensor element configured to sense a magnetic field,
at least one signal processing circuit connected to receive and process a signal from the at least one magnetic field sensor element, and
at least one package that contains the at least one magnetic field sensor element and the at least one signal processing circuit, wherein
the sensor has an electronic identification device and a data transmission interface that comprises a data transmission line or a wireless data transmission unit, the electronic identification device configured to receive an at least one identification datum from an external electronic device via the data transmission interface and store the at least one identification datum in a data memory unit of the electronic identification device, and
the sensor has a leadframe to which the at least one signal processing circuit, the at least one magnetic field sensor element and the electronic identification device are electrically and mechanically connected, the electronic identification device configured to communicate with the external electronic device via the leadframe.

US Pat. No. 10,690,692

METHOD FOR LINKING THE SHAFT OF A TACHOMETER AND AN AIRCRAFT WHEEL

SAFRAN LANDING SYSTEMS, ...

1. A method for linking an end of a shaft of a tachometer positioned in a landing gear hub and a wheel mounted to rotate on said hub, the method comprising;a step of equipping the wheel with a bush comprising a hollow body defining a housing suitable for receiving the end of the shaft of the tachometer and driving the shaft in rotation with the wheel, the housing comprising a receptacle in which a sleeve is mounted to rotate and the sleeve having a bearing member protruding inside the housing to be pushed back by the end of the shaft of the tachometer when the end of the tachometer shaft is engaged in the housing against a return force exerted by an elastic member to take up any play between the end of the shaft of the tachometer and the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,690,691

AUTOMATIC ANALYZER AND COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM STORING PROGRAM

JEOL Ltd., Tokyo (JP)

6. A computer-readable recording medium storing a program for causing a computer to execute a process comprising:outputting, by using an oscillation circuit, an alternating current signal indicating oscillating frequency according to an electrostatic capacity, the electrostatic capacity being produced between a tip portion of a dispensing probe and a surrounding portion associated with the dispensing probe, the oscillation circuit being connected to the dispensing probe, the dispensing probe moving to a liquid level in a container and suctioning and ejecting liquid in the container;
extracting feature values from time-series oscillating frequency data of the alternating current signal, the alternating current signal being output by the oscillation circuit in a period from a time point at which the dispensing probe starts moving downward until a time point at which a certain period of time has elapsed;
determining a plurality of determination results comprising whether or not the liquid level in the container is detected properly on the basis of the extracted feature values of the time-series oscillating frequency data by using a plurality of different methods; and
determining whether a gap is present and a reason for the gap from a combination of the plurality of determination results obtained by using the plurality of methods, the gap being present between the tip portion of the dispensing probe and the liquid level in the container.

US Pat. No. 10,690,690

AUTOMATIC ANALYSER AND METHOD

HITACHI HIGH-TECH CORPORA...

1. An automatic analyser comprising:a specimen dispensing mechanism that includes a specimen nozzle, a first pump and a first valve;
a nozzle connected to a first channel that is connected to a second pump and a second valve, the nozzle configured to eject liquid onto the specimen nozzle and into a cleaning tank;
a second channel connected to a third valve and the second pump; and
a controller connected to the specimen dispensing mechanism, the pump, the first valve, the second valve and the third valve, the controller programmed to:
perform a specimen suctioning process of controlling the specimen dispensing mechanism to insert the specimen nozzle into a specimen chamber holding a specimen and driving the first pump to suction the specimen in the specimen chamber,
perform a cleaning water introducing process of controlling the specimen dispensing mechanism to move the specimen nozzle to the cleaning tank after the specimen suctioning process and controlling the second valve to eject the liquid through the nozzle connected to the first channel onto the specimen nozzle,
perform a first liquid suctioning process of controlling the specimen dispensing mechanism to move the specimen nozzle to the second channel after the cleaning water introducing process and driving the first pump to suction a first volume of liquid,
perform an air suctioning process of driving the first pump to suction air after the liquid suctioning process, and
perform an ejection process of driving the first pump to eject the air before the liquid, and eject the liquid before a portion of the specimen is ejected from the specimen nozzle to a reaction chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,690,689

MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE FOR CHARACTERZING POLYNUCLEOTIDES

BASE4 INNOVATION LTD, Ca...

1. A microfluidic device for sequencing a nucleic acid analyte comprising:(a) a nucleic acid pyrophosphorolysis zone including a bead-receiving location and a bead to which is attached the nucleic acid analyte;
(b) at least one inlet connected to a source of an aqueous medium consisting essentially of a pyrophosphorolysing enzyme for introducing the aqueous medium into the pyrophosphorolysis zone upstream of the bead-receiving location via a first microfluidic pathway;
(c) at least one first outlet for removing a stream of single nucleotides in the flowing aqueous medium downstream of the bead-receiving location via the first microfluidic pathway;
(d) a microdroplet-generating chamber comprising a carrier solvent inlet, a first microdroplet head attached to the first outlet and a second outlet for removing a stream of microdroplets in the carrier solvent therefrom;
(e) a second microfluidic pathway attached to the second outlet and provided with at least one microdroplet injector and/or at least one second microdroplet coalescence zone for introducing enzymes and biological probes into the first microdroplets;
(f) a storage zone comprising locations at which the microdroplets issuing from the second microfluidic pathway are stored;
(g) a light source for interrogating microdroplet locations;
(h) a photodetector for detecting fluorescence at the microdroplet locations and generating an output data stream comprised of components characteristic of each single nucleotide in the stream of single nucleotides; and
(i) a microprocessor programmed with a computer algorithm to recreate the original nucleotide base sequence of the nucleic acid analyte from the data stream.

US Pat. No. 10,690,688

AUTOMATIC ANALYZER

Hitachi High-Tech Corpora...

1. An automatic analyzer comprising:a reagent dispensing mechanism having a nozzle part configured to dispense a reagent;
a cleaning water supply configured to supply a cleaning water to the reagent dispensing mechanism, the cleaning water supply part including a water supply tank and a liquid delivery pump, the water supply tank storing cleaning water and the liquid delivery pump delivering the cleaning water stored in the water supply tank;
a heater configured to increase a temperature of the cleaning water to be supplied from the cleaning water supply to the reagent dispensing mechanism to a predetermined temperature;
a control unit configured to control the reagent dispensing mechanism, the heater, and the cleaning water supply, the control unit including an input part configured to receive analysis request information and a memory configured to store the analysis request information; and
a biochemical analyzing part including a first light source and a first detecting part, the first light source emitting light to a liquid mixture of the sample and the reagent that is stored in the first reaction container arranged in the reaction disk, and the first detecting part detecting the emitted light, wherein
the control unit is configured to determine whether dispensing operation for next analysis is continually performed or intermittent based on the analysis request information stored in the memory and control operation of the reagent dispensing mechanism and the cleaning water supply such that, if the dispensing operation for the next analysis is intermittent, in a cycle before a cycle in which the dispensing operation is started, the cleaning water stored in the water supply tank is delivered by the liquid delivery pump, the temperature of the delivered cleaning water is increased by the heater, and the cleaning water of the increased temperature is then supplied to the nozzle part of the reagent dispensing mechanism, and
if the dispensing operation for the next analysis is continually performed, the control unit controls the operation of cleaning water supply part such that the cleaning water stored in the water supply tank is delivered by the liquid delivery pump, and the delivered cleaning water is supplied to the nozzle part of the reagent dispensing mechanism without increasing the temperature of the cleaning water.

US Pat. No. 10,690,687

PREGABALIN IMMUNOASSAYS

ARK Diagnostics, Inc., F...

1. A compound of Formula (A):whereinR1 is —X—W-L-Z;
R2 is —NH2;
X is NH;
W is a bond;
L is a linker; and
Z is an enzyme;
wherein the linker is selected from the group consisting of —(CH2)nC(O)—, —C(O)(CH2)n—, —C(O)(CH2)nNH—C(O)—, —C(O)(CH2)mNH—C(O)(CH2)n—, —(CH2)nSCH2C(O)—, —(CH2)mSCH2C(O)(CH2)n—, —(CH2)mC(O)NH(CH2)n—, —(CH2)nNH—C(O)—, —(CH2)mNH—C(O)(CH2)n—, —C(O)—(CH2)n—, and —(CH2)n—;
wherein in and n are each independently selected from an integer from 0 to 10,
or a salt thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,690,685

MECHANOCHEMICAL PLATFORM AND SENSING METHODS USING DNA ORIGAMI NANOSTRUCTURES

KENT STATE UNIVERSITY, K...

1. A biosensing platform which is capable of real time, high throughput mechanochemical biosensing, comprising:a DNA origami nanostructure, comprising multiple, flat DNA tiles having a plurality of slots between the tiles into which target recognition elements are strategically placed to lock adjacent tiles together, wherein the DNA origami nanostructure is 2-dimensional or 3-dimensional and tethered on terminal ends between two optically trapped beads through dsDNA handles, and
optical tweezers that sense mechanical signals generated when the target recognition element binds with a target to disassemble the lock and unlock the tiles.

US Pat. No. 10,690,684

APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR MEASURING VOLUME OF BLOOD LOSS

Majelco Medical, Inc., W...

1. A blood loss measurement device for determining an amount of blood within a fluid sample from a patient, comprising:a container having a vertical axis, the container configured for receiving fluid containing blood from a patient during a surgical procedure;
at least one light source in an operative position within the container configured to generate light at a plurality of wavelengths within the container;
at least one light detector to detect at least a first portion of light from the at least one light source at the first wavelength from the plurality of wavelengths and at least a second portion at a second wavelength from the plurality of wavelengths that is different than the first wavelength, the at least one light detector producing a first signal indicative of a first absorbance of light of the fluid sample and a second signal indicative of a second absorbance of light of the fluid sample;
a plurality of optical fibers comprising:
a first optical fiber having a first end coupled to the light source and a second end opposite the first end held in the container proximate a bottom of the container; and
a second optical fiber having a first end held within the container proximate a bottom of the container and positioned a distance from the second end of the first optical fiber so that light emanating from the first optical fiber is a least partially received by the second optical fiber and a second end coupled to the at least one light sensor, an amount of light received by the second optical fiber being detected by the at least one light sensor to detect the amount of light received by the second optical fiber from the first optical fiber at the first and second wavelengths; and
a processor operatively coupled to the at least one light detector, the processor receiving the first and second signals from the at least one light detector, the at least one signal being dependent upon an amount of absorption of light by blood in the container disposed between the first optical fiber and second optical fibers, the processor repeatedly determining a concentration of hemoglobin in the container depending on the first and second signals as fluid from the patient is added to the fluid sample in the container.

US Pat. No. 10,690,683

METHODS OF USE FOR INTERMEDIATE FILAMENT PROTEIN PROBES

University of Conneticut,...

1. A method of detecting a gliotic condition in a subject, comprising:administering to the subject a compound of formula (I)

wherein:
A is a fluorophore;
obtaining a tissue sample from the subject; and
detecting the compound of formula (I) in the tissue sample using fluorescence or near-infrared imaging, thereby detecting a gliotic condition in the subject;
wherein the gliotic condition is selected from the group consisting of choroidal neovascularization, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, and vitreoretinopathy.

US Pat. No. 10,690,682

METHOD FOR THE DIAGNOSIS OF METACHROMATIC LEUKODYSTROPHY

Centogene AG, Rostock (D...

1. A method for generating quantitative data for a subject comprising: determining by means of mass spectrometric analysis a level of a free lyso-Gb1-sulfatide present in a sample from the subject, wherein the sample is a whole blood sample collected from the subject on a dry blood filter card, wherein the mass spectrometric analysis is carried out from the collected whole blood on the dry blood filter card and wherein lyso-Gb1-sulfatide is of formula (I)
wherein the subject is suffering from metachromatic leukodystrophy, or is suspected of suffering from metachromatic leukodystrophy.

US Pat. No. 10,690,680

METHOD FOR ANALYZING THE ACTIVITY OF AN ION CHANNEL

Paris Sciences Et Lettres...

1. A method to analyze the activity of an ion channel comprising:(i) providing in a hydrophobic medium a first droplet D1 of an aqueous solution AS1 comprising a concentration c1 of an ion I with c1?0, wherein the droplet D1 is surrounded by a monolayer of amphiphilic molecules,
(ii) (ii) providing in the said hydrophobic medium a second droplet D2 of an aqueous solution AS2 comprising a concentration c2 of the ion I with c2?0 and c2?c1, wherein the droplet D2 is surrounded by a monolayer of amphiphilic molecules further comprising the ion channels to be analyzed,
(iii) (iii) bringing the first droplet D1 and the second droplet D2 into contact so as to form a bilayer of amphiphilic molecules in the contact area, wherein the bilayer of amphiphilic molecules further comprises ion channels to be analyzed, and measuring the radius of the two droplets when they are brought into contact referred to as initial state, and
(iv) (iv) maintaining the first droplet D1 and the second droplet D2 into contact until equilibrium is reached, wherein at equilibrium the size of the two droplets does not evolve anymore and the osmolarity between the two droplets is in equilibrium;
and measuring the radius of the two contacted droplets or determining the number of resulting droplet(s) at the equilibrium referred to as equilibrium state,
wherein the ion channel is inactive when the difference of the radius of at least one droplet between its initial state and its equilibrium state is at least 10% or when only one droplet is obtained at the equilibrium state.

US Pat. No. 10,690,676

QUANTIFYING MONOCLONAL ANTIBODY THERAPEUTICS BY LC-MS/MS

Mayo Roundation for Medic...

1. A method for quantifying a monoclonal antibody therapeutic in a sample, the method comprising:a) providing a human sample comprising a humanized monoclonal antibody therapeutic;
b) adding an internal standard to the sample, wherein the internal standard is a non-isotopically labeled immunoglobulin from a non-human species; and
c) subjecting the sample to a mass spectrometry technique to quantify the humanized monoclonal antibody therapeutic in the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,690,675

METHODS FOR ENRICHING GLYCOPEPTIDES FOR GLOBAL ANALYSIS OF GLYCOPROTEINS

Georgia Tech Research Cor...

1. A method for enriching a glycan-containing molecule, the glycan-containing molecule comprising a glycan component, the method comprising:preparing a dendrimer-benzoboroxole (DB) complex comprising:
a benzoboroxole compound conjugated to a dendrimer; and
a bead;
contacting the glycan-containing molecule with the DB complex at pH 9-11 to form a glycan-DB complex;
wherein the glycan-containing molecule is reversibly bound to the DB complex; and
wherein the benzoboroxole compound is a compound of Formula II:
.

US Pat. No. 10,690,673

METHOD OF TREATING CANCER METASTASIS BY CDK 4/6 INHIBITORS

Mayo Foundation for Medic...

1. A method for treating cancer in a mammal, wherein said method comprises:(a) identifying said mammal as having cancer cells that express an elevated level of a DUB3 polypeptide or an elevated level of a SNAIL polypeptide, and
(b) administering a CDK 4/6 inhibitor selected from the group consisting of PD0332991, LY2835219, and LEE011 to said mammal under conditions wherein said cancer cells do not metastasize.

US Pat. No. 10,690,669

BOVINE HERPESVIRUS DETECTION AND TREATMENT

BOARD OF SUPERVISORS OF L...

1. A method for determining whether an animal is infected with a Bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1), vaccinated with a recombinant BoHV-1 triple mutant virus (BoHV-1 tmv), or uninfected with a Bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1) comprising:(a) contacting a test sample from said animal with at least one polypeptide or peptide to form an assay mixture, where the at least one polypeptide or peptide consists of a sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NO:1, 4-44, and 45; and
(b) detecting or measuring whether a complex between the at least one polypeptide or peptide and antibodies is present in the assay mixture, and
where detecting or measuring comprises contacting the complex, or a polypeptide, a peptide, or an antibody in the complex with a binding entity, wherein the binding entity comprises at least one label.