US Pat. No. 10,394,216

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CORRECTING A PROCESSING PATH OF A ROBOT-GUIDED TOOL

KUKA Deutschland GmbH, A...

1. A method for processing at least one component with a robot-guided tool, the method comprising:specifying respective target positions for a plurality of points of a processing path;
selecting points to be corrected from among the specified points, wherein the number of the selected points to be corrected is less than the number of the plurality of points of the processing path;
determining a respective actual position for the selected points on at least one component to be processed;
correcting only the selected points of the processing path based on the determined actual positions; and
controlling the robot-guided tool to traverse the processing path on the basis of the determined actual positions.

US Pat. No. 10,394,215

CONTROL METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR QUICK CHANGE DEVICE OF WORK TOOLS

Caterpillar Inc., Deerfi...

1. A control method for a quick change device of a work tool, the control method comprising the steps of:receiving a command to disengage a work tool clamping device;
determining whether the work tool clamping device is in an engaged state;
detecting a functionality of a disengagement alarm if the work tool clamping device is in the engaged state; and
switching to an emergency state upon detection of a failure of the disengagement alarm.

US Pat. No. 10,394,214

NUMERICAL CONTROLLER TEMPORARILY STOPPING FOR A PROGRAM CALL AND NUMERICAL CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

FANUC Corporation, Minam...

1. A numerical controller comprising:a controller configured to control a machine tool by analyzing and executing blocks of a machining program to machine a workpiece, wherein the controller has at least one of a macro call function and a sub program call function that enables an operation check to be performed on the machining program by temporarily stopping the machining program from machining the workpiece by the machine tool, and wherein the controller is configured to perform the method including:
analyzing the machining program;
determining whether a command of the analyzed machining program is at least one of a macro call and a sub program call;
determining a type of call and a number of times of the call, wherein the type of call includes a macro call or a sub program call;
determining whether the command of the analyzed program is one of a first call, a second call, or a call thereafter;
stopping execution of the machining program immediately after the at least one of the macro call and the sub program call when the determined command is the first call and when the determined command includes the at least one of the macro call and the sub program call; and
continuing execution of the machining program to machine the workpiece when the determined command includes the second call and the call thereafter and when the determined command includes the at least one of the macro call and the sub program call.

US Pat. No. 10,394,213

METHOD OF INDEPENDENT CONTROL PERIOD ALLOCATION OF AXIS IN THE PLC POSITIONING SYSTEM

LSIS CO., LTD., Anyang-s...

1. A method of independent control period allocation of axes in a PLC positioning system, comprising:dividing the axes into a first axis group having a first control period requiring an immediate response and a second axis group having a second control period requiring a non-immediate response;
allocating a stack of an interrupt stack pointer (ISP) area for axes in the first axis group and allocating a stack of a user stack pointer (USP) area for axes in the second axis group based on required response speed;
receiving a request for a position control calculation of the first axis group during a position control calculation of the second axis group;
performing the position control calculation of the first axis group through task switching to the ISP area; and
in response to completing the position control calculation of the first axis group, resuming the position control calculation of the second axis group through task switching to the USP area.

US Pat. No. 10,394,212

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR A SECURITY-CRITICAL APPLICATION

1. A device for an application, critical for safety of a process and execution, in a freely programmable electronic control in a machine environment, which comprises a computer and is embodied for the process control of application programs based on a run-time system comprising:a hardware component, in which the run-time system is integrated;
a central computer, which comprises a microcontroller with a monitoring component and/or a protective component and a first storage area and a second storage area; and
storage media connected to the central computer;
wherein the run-time system is a component of a run-time system structure in the form of a computer program, which is embodied at least in duplicate and which is based on a first run-time system and a second run-time system, the first run-time system being embodied as a safe system and the second run-time system embodied as a normal run-time system, with the run-time system structure representing a structure or environment for a run-time system which is configured to integrate an individual run-time system into the machine environment such that a normal application program and a safe application program can run on the computer of the machine environment;
an operating system or a replacement for an operating system is provided to generate different priority levels, in which a timer of the central computer is used for generating the different priority levels; and
the safe application program and the normal application program processing in parallel and independent from each other and any influence of the normal application program upon the safe application program being excluded, by the safe run-time system being given priority in reference to the normal run-time system;
the safe application program being capable of preventing the normal application program from processing tasks, wherein both the safe application program and the normal application program interact with the hardware component;
wherein the storage media comprise data exchange means, which are embodied as dual data exchange means with a first part and a second part, with the first part being embodied as a common storage and the second run-time system being in connection via the common storage to the first application program or the first run-time system;
wherein the second run-time system and the second application program are connected to the second storage area.

US Pat. No. 10,394,211

ELECTRONIC SAFETY SWITCHING DEVICE

1. An electronic safety switching device comprising at least a first and a second signal processing channel to which input signals are supplied for signal processing, and which provide processed output signals,wherein the first and the second signal processing channels process the supplied input signals redundantly with respect to one another, and each of the first and the second signal processing channel is formed as an integrated circuit,
wherein the first signal processing channel is arranged monolithically on a first semiconductor substrate, and the second signal processing channel is arranged monolithically on a second semiconductor substrate, and
wherein the first and the second semiconductor substrates are combined into a stack to form a one-piece electronic component.

US Pat. No. 10,394,210

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS

Strong Force IOT Portfoli...

1. A system for data collection, processing, and utilization of signals from at least a first element in a first machine in an industrial environment, the system comprising:a platform including a computing environment connected to a local data collection system having at least a first sensor signal and a second sensor signal obtained from at least the first machine in the industrial environment;
a first sensor in the local data collection system configured to be connected to the first machine;
a second sensor in the local data collection system; and
a crosspoint switch in the local data collection system having multiple inputs and multiple outputs including a first input connected to the first sensor and a second input connected to the second sensor, wherein the multiple outputs include a first output and a second output configured to be switchable between a condition in which the first output is configured to switch between delivery of the first sensor signal and the second sensor signal and a condition in which there is simultaneous delivery of the first sensor signal from the first output and the second sensor signal from the second output, wherein each of multiple inputs is configured to be individually assigned to any of the multiple outputs, wherein unassigned outputs are configured to be switched off producing a high-impedance state, and wherein the crosspoint switch includes a third input that is configured with a continuously monitored alarm having a pre-determined trigger condition when the third input is unassigned to any of the multiple outputs.

US Pat. No. 10,394,209

ELECTRIC MOTOR ADDRESSING FOR PLANTERS

AGCO Corporation, Duluth...

12. An electric motor addressing system for a planter implement comprising:a wire harness comprising a plurality of connectors, each connector comprising a unique pin connector value, the wire harness providing a data bus for data communications;
a plurality of devices coupled respectively to the plurality of connectors, each device comprising circuitry that can read the respective pin connector value and communicate the respective pin connector value over the data bus;
an electronic control unit (ECU) coupled to the plurality of devices via the wire harness, wherein the ECU is configured to:
receive an address claim request over the data bus from at least one of the devices, the address claim request comprising the associated pin connector value and a bus address;
associate the pin connector value to a physical address of the at least one of the devices;
map the bus address to the physical address; and
communicate with the at least one of the devices over the data bus based on the physical address.

US Pat. No. 10,394,208

SERVER APPARATUS IN ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND OPERATING METHOD OF THEREOF

LSIS CO., LTD., Anyang-s...

1. An energy management system comprising:a client device; and
a server including:
a communication unit configured to communicate with the client device;
a storage unit configured to store data related to control and management of the energy management system; and
a controller configured to:
classify a plurality of tasks included in a first process according to a predetermined criterion;
create a plurality of second processes from the first process; and
provide the plurality of second processes to a processor when the first process requested by the client includes the plurality of tasks; and
wherein the processor is configured to:
process the first process requested by the client device when the first process does not include the plurality of tasks; and
process the plurality of second processes provided by the controller by referring to the data when the first process includes the plurality of tasks;
wherein, if a load is weighted on a second process performing a predetermined task, the controller is further configured to control the processor to additionally create another second process performing the predetermined task.

US Pat. No. 10,394,206

IRRIGATION CONTROLLER AND SYSTEM INTEGRATING NO-WATERING RESTRICTIONS AND AN EMPIRICALLY-DERIVED EVAPOTRANSPIRATION LOCAL CHARACTERISTIC CURVE

1. An irrigation controller for regulating at least one water control valve corresponding to a watering zone, comprising:an irrigation controller comprising:
a housing;
a microcontroller housed within said housing and programmed with a microcontroller program that receives data;
a data input system configured to allow data to be imported into said irrigation controller; wherein said data input system comprises a data input receiver operable to receive a customized watering budget/schedule;
at least one non-volatile memory storage medium configured to receive and to store data from said microcontroller; and
a real-time clock operatively connected to said microcontroller;
a customer-accessible processor providing an irrigation customization software application;
wherein said customer-accessible processor performs the steps of: (1.) receiving input property-specific data; (2.) accessing evapotranspiration data for at least one locality; (3.) accessing any mandatory watering restriction regulation data; and
 (4.) calculating said customized watering budget/schedule for at least one designated watering zone for distribution over a specified time period based on using a minute-based representation of a total water volume and by allocating said total water volume or allocating a reduced total water volume to be distributed within said specified time period for said designated watering zone;
wherein said customized watering budget/schedule is based on at least said input property-specific data, on said evapotranspiration data, and on said any regulation data; wherein said customized watering budget/schedule allocates said minute-based representation of a total water volume into a particular number of watering days per said specified time period for said designated watering zone, into a particular number of watering events per each of said watering days for said designated watering zone, and into a particular number of minutes per said watering event for said designated watering zone;
wherein said microcontroller is electrically connected to said at least one water control valve associated with said designated watering zone; and
wherein said microcontroller electrically opens and closes said at least one water control valves based on said customized watering budget/schedule for said designated zone.

US Pat. No. 10,394,205

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REAL-TIME CONTROL

Virtual Peaker, Inc., Lo...

1. A method for real time control comprising:executing, by a first computing device, a first control cycle that includes at least the following:
retrieving an input message, wherein the input message includes an identifier of a network device that includes an input and an actuator;
retrieving a context object from the identifier in the input message that includes a serialized controller data structure from a previous control sample of the network device and a list of required inputs for the control system;
gathering new inputs for the control system based on the requirements in the context object and bundling the new inputs with the serialized controller data structure into a run message;
de-serializing the serialized controller data structure;
using the controller data structure in conjunction with the new inputs to determine a new actuator position of the actuator;
updating and serializing the controller data structure; and
causing the actuator to be set to the new actuator position; and
executing, by a second computing device, a second control cycle for the network device.

US Pat. No. 10,394,204

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR SYNTHESIS OF A WAVEGUIDE ARRAY ANTENNA

Waymo LLC, Mountain View...

1. A method comprising:receiving, by a device that includes one or more processors, one or more criteria for an antenna that includes one or more waveguides and a plurality of radiation elements along one or more sides of the one or more waveguides;
accessing a dataset configured to associate given radiation characteristics of a given radiation element with given configuration parameters related to at least a size or an orientation of the given radiation element; and
generating, based on the dataset, configuration parameters for the plurality of radiation elements to cause the antenna to be associated with the one or more criteria.

US Pat. No. 10,394,203

CONTROL DEVICE, CONTROL METHOD, AND PROGRAM PERFORMING A TABULATION OPERATION AT HIGH SPEED

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A control device comprising:a memory to store data acquired from an external apparatus; and
a processor programmed to:
extract data stored in the memory;
store the extracted data in a buffer corresponding to the data among a plurality of buffers provided according to the data to be stored; and
perform arithmetic processing of data stored in different buffers among the plurality of buffers,
wherein the plurality of buffers are provided according to each of the predetermined types, and the processor extracts the data according to each of the predetermined types and performs the arithmetic processing corresponding to each of the predetermined types by using the data stored in the corresponding buffers among the plurality of buffers provided according to each of the predetermined types, and
wherein the buffers are provided to correspond to each of the predetermined types and collection cycles of data,
the processor is further programed to:
extract the data of the predetermined types at a first cycle and extract the data at a second cycle different front the first cycle concerning the collection cycles of data, and
store, on the basis of the predetermined types and the first cycle, the data extracted at the first cycle in a buffer corresponding to the data among the buffers and store, on the basis of the predetermined types and the second cycle, the data extracted at the second cycle in a buffer corresponding to the data different from the buffer in which the data extracted at the first cycle is stored among the buffers.

US Pat. No. 10,394,201

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING DEVICE OF ONE REGION AMONG A PLURALITY OF REGIONS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of a server for controlling a device in a second region of a second user among a plurality of regions, the method comprising:acquiring situation information of a first region being adjacent to the second region among the plurality of regions, the situation information being determined based on information from sensors located in the first region;
identifying a threshold of an output for devices in the second region based on the situation information of the first region;
determining an operation value for the device, which is located in the second region, based on a noise level of the second region, the operation value being determined based on the noise level of the second region and the threshold; and
transmitting the operation value to the device or a gateway connected to the device.

US Pat. No. 10,394,200

CONTROLLING METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SMART HOME

SHENZHEN SKYWORTH-RGB ELE...

1. A controlling method for smart home comprising:obtaining a router position of a router by connecting the router to a mobile terminal and using a global positioning system (GPS) module of the mobile terminal;
recording, by a home appliance, a plurality of operation information of the home appliance;
collecting, by the home appliance, the plurality of operation information based on a sensor module arranged in the home appliance;
transmitting, by the home appliance, the plurality of operation information to the router wirelessly through a radio module arranged in the home appliance;
analyzing, by the router, the plurality of operation information to obtain a working period and a working mode of the home appliance;
obtaining a terminal location information of the mobile terminal to obtain a distance between the router and the mobile terminal; and
transmitting, by the router, a control signal to the radio module of the home appliance to control the home appliance automatically running in the working mode corresponding to the working period when the distance between the router and the mobile terminal is less than a preset threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,394,199

COLLABORATIVE ADJUSTMENT OF RESOURCES WITHIN A MANAGED ENVIRONMENT

International Business Ma...

1. A method for adjusting a resource within an area utilizing voting by users, the method comprising:determining, by one or more computer processors, that a value corresponding to one or more of users requesting to adjust a resource associated with an area meets a threshold value to qualify as a quorum of users, wherein the quorum of users are located within an area affected by the request to adjust the resource, and wherein the quorum of users are determined based on a location associated with the one or more users requesting to adjust the resource;
in response to determining that the quorum of users, located within the area affected by the request to adjust the resource, requests to adjust the resource associated with the area, generating, by one or more computer processors, a voting poll for the resource associated with the area;
communicating, by one or more computer processors, the generated voting poll to a plurality of users within the area affected by the request to adjust the resource;
identifying, by one or more computer processors, valid responses to the communicated voting poll based on a first policy related to the resource associated with the area;
determining, by one or more processors, a response to the voting poll, wherein the response is based at least in part on the first policy related to the resource and aggregated valid responses of the voting poll; and
applying, by one or more computer processors, the determined response to the resource associated with the area.

US Pat. No. 10,394,198

TRANSMITTER AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING INDUCTIVE WIRELESS ENERGY TRANSMISSION

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A transmitter for providing inductive wireless energy transmission, comprising:a transmission device for generating an alternating magnetic field;
a determination device for determining an object signal which indicates an object in the area of the transmission device, wherein the object signal is a function of the power absorbed by the object located in the magnetic field; and
a control device for controlling the alternating magnetic field based on the object signal, wherein the control device changes the strength of the alternating magnetic field to provide at least three different levels of magnetic field strength based on an amplitude of the object signal determined by the determination device;
wherein the control device controls the alternating magnetic field so that it does not exceed a predetermined magnetic field strength,
wherein the transmission device transmits energy inductively from a power supply to a consumer device,
wherein an accident risk is associated with the object, which is magnetizable or electrically conductive,
wherein the amplitude of the object signal corresponds to a power absorbed by the object or which corresponds to a size of the object,
wherein the strength of the alternating magnetic field is adjusted to the signal and accordingly to the size or a magnetic susceptibility of the object, so as to keep an absolute heating of the object at a predetermined level, so as to prevent a premature termination of an energy transmission,
wherein an energy transfer process last longer due to a reduced strength of the magnetic field,
wherein a transmitting of a predetermined amount of energy is achievable even if the object is present, and
wherein the object is an inanimate object.

US Pat. No. 10,394,197

MODEL PREDICTIVE CONTROL DEVICE, CONTROL METHOD OF MODEL PREDICTIVE CONTROL DEVICE, INFORMATION PROCESSING PROGRAM AND RECORDING MEDIUM

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. A model predictive control device, using a model of a controlled object to predict a controlled quantity of the controlled object corresponding to a command value generated in each control cycle according to a target trajectory and characterized by comprising:a controller configured to judge whether cyclicity exists specific to a time change of a model predictive error, wherein the model predictive error is an error between an actually measured value of the controlled quantity of the controlled object and a predictive value of the controlled quantity predicted by using the model;
correct the predictive value of the controlled quantity predicted by using the model in a certain predictive error variation cycle by using the model predictive error in a predictive error variation cycle prior to the certain predictive error variation cycle when the controller judges that the cyclicity exists specific to the time change of the model predictive error, wherein a cycle of the time change of the model predictive error is the predictive error variation cycle;
adjust the controlled quantity of the controlled object according to the corrected predictive value;
respectively computing continuous model predictive errors specific to a plurality of continuous control cycles; and
detecting a maximum and a minimum of the model predictive error according to a time change of the continuous model predictive errors respectively,
wherein the controller judges whether the cyclicity exists specific to the time change of the model predictive errors from the maximum and the minimum respectively detected by the controller,
the controller only detects maximums and minimums of which a difference is larger than a prescribed value in maximums and minimums of the model predictive error in the time change of the continuous model predictive errors.

US Pat. No. 10,394,196

NUMERICAL CONTROL SYSTEM FOR DETECTING DEFECTS

Fanuc Corporation, Yaman...

1. A numerical control system comprising:a numerical controller;
a control panel of a machine tool; and
a plurality of input/output (I/O) units mounted inside the control panel of the machine tool, the plurality of (I/O) units configured for data transfer between the numerical controller and the control panel of the machine tool;
a computer aided design (CAD) data storage for storing CAD data for control panel design, the CAD data storage including shape information indicating an external shape and an internal structure of the control panel and mounting information indicating at least a location, an I/O unit inside the control panel being mounted at the location;
an I/O assignment data storage for storing I/O assignment data recording a connection state of the I/O unit;
a relevant information storage for recording relevant information between the I/O assignment data and the mounting information of each of the I/O units,
wherein the numerical controller is configured to:
control the machine tool to perform machining;
receive the data from at least one of the plurality of input/output (I/O) units mounted inside the control panel;
analyze the received data;
detect, based on the analysis of the received data, a defect occurrence region where a defect of the numerical controller or a defect the I/O unit is occurring; and
control a display to display the defect occurrence region on a shape image of the control panel based on information related to the defect occurrence region, the I/O assignment data, the relevant information, and the CAD data.

US Pat. No. 10,394,195

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING OPTIMIZATION

Board of Regents, The Uni...

1. A method for optimizing a manufacturing process, the method comprising:enabling a user to import or create a three-dimensional model of a product to be manufactured;
enabling the user to import or create a three-dimensional model of a manufacturing system to be used to manufacture the product;
enabling the user to select parameters for the product and the manufacturing system; and
automatically calculating performance metrics for the manufacturing process based upon the user-specified models and parameters, the performance metrics including at least one of process yield, cycle time, overall cost, and product performance.

US Pat. No. 10,394,194

ADAPTIVE CONTROL METHODS FOR BUILDINGS WITH SECURITY

Edison Labs, Inc., San F...

1. A method for controlling a first switch terminal of a building occupied by one or more building occupants, comprising:a first switch terminal with an integrated first computer system of the building at a first location of the building;
a first plurality of sensors integrated with the first switch terminal and the first computer system, at least a portion of the sensors are configured to provide signal data to the first computer system, the first computer system producing an output selected from at least one of: a command output for a local control system, a command output for a different system, a data output for a different system, a command output for a non-local device or a data output that is a non-local device;
providing a second switch terminal with an integrated second computer system and an integrated second set of sensors;
a first switch terminal interface integrated at the first switch terminal and configured to receive a command input from a building occupant and serves as a point of interaction between the first computer system and the building occupant, the interface selected from at least one of: touch, graphics, sound, position, movement, voice, communication, wireless, and radio, the system configured to provide information of how at least a portion of the first plurality of sensors relate to the second plurality of sensors;
providing signal data to the first computer system from a first plurality of sensors include in the first switch terminal, at least a portion of the first plurality of sensors are configured to provide signal data to the first computer system;
producing an output selected from at least one of: a command output for a local control system, a command output for a different system, a data output for a different system, and a command output for a non-local device or a data output that is a non-local device, each of an output including data from previous data collected from the first and second switch terminals;
the first switch terminal and the second switch terminal interacting and coordinating their operations to provide that the second switch terminal supplements information obtained from the first switch terminal to allow the first and second switch terminals to execute additional capabilities to provide outputs including learned data from previous data collected by the first and second switch terminals;
in response to received signals from at least one sensor of the first or second plurality of sensors the first or second computer system determining if an action needs to be taken relative to appliances or electronic devices in the building, the system configured to provide information of how at least a portion of the first plurality of sensors relate to the second plurality of sensors; and
using a motion detection sensor to detect motion of a building occupant in the building.

US Pat. No. 10,394,193

WELLBORE NON-RETRIEVAL SENSING SYSTEM

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

3. A computer-implemented method, comprising:initiating a survey of a wellbore using a NRSS;
preloading plural DMs into the NRSS;
configuring the NRSS to gather and store sensing data for the wellbore;
deploying the NRSS into the wellbore;
gathering and storing environmental condition or wellbore information using NRSS;
monitoring conditions for release of the plural DMs into the wellbore;
deploying the plural DMs into the wellbore, wherein deploying the plural DMs includes using a mechanical release system that includes a spring encased in a housing of the NRSS, the spring configured to cause deployment of the plural DMs using inertial motion of the NRSS when the NRSS reaches a stopping point the survey of the NRSS;
gathering and storing environmental conditions using battery-powered ones of the plural DMs;
acquiring data from the plural DMs; and
using the acquired data for making operational decisions.

US Pat. No. 10,394,192

SMART WATCH, OPERATION CONTROL METHOD AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A smart watch, comprising:a watch body, the watch body comprising a display screen and a system board, the system board comprising at least a microprocessor, a memory and a communication module;
a watchband configured to fix the watch body on a user's wrist;
a biosensor integrated on a surface of the watchband configured to contact the user's wrist; and
a metal ring disposed around the watch body and protruding above an upper surface of the watch body, the metal ring configured to fix and protect the watch body;
wherein an outer wall of the metal ring includes two functional regions, each functional region includes a fingerprint identification sensor and a fingerprint identification module, the fingerprint sensor is disposed on a surface of the corresponding functional region, and the fingerprint identification module is disposed inside the corresponding functional region.

US Pat. No. 10,394,191

TIME-TO-DIGITAL CONVERTER

NANYANG TECHNOLOGICAL UNI...

1. A time-to-digital converter, comprising:an oscillator controller for receiving a start signal and a stop signal and outputting a mode signal;
an invertible oscillator electrically connected with the oscillator controller for receiving the mode signal, wherein an oscillation direction of the invertible oscillator is inverted according to the mode signal, and the invertible oscillator outputs plural delay signals; and
a measurement circuit electrically connected with the invertible oscillator for receiving the plural delay signals, wherein the measurement circuit receives a sampling signal, samples the plural delay signals in accordance with the sampling signal, and outputs an output signal.

US Pat. No. 10,394,190

PROTECTION OF A BLADE RESONATOR MECHANISM AGAINST AXIAL SHOCKS

The Swatch Group Research...

1. A timepiece resonator mechanism comprising:a structure and at least one inertial element arranged to oscillate in a pivoting movement around a pivot axis with the centre of inertia of said at least one inertial element aligned on said pivot axis,
wherein said at least one inertial element is subjected to restoring forces exerted by a plurality of elastic blades, each of said plurality of elastic blades fixed directly or indirectly to said structure at a first end and fixed directly or indirectly to said at least one inertial element at a second end, and each of said plurality of elastic blades extends in a perpendicular plane to said pivot axis and is substantially deformable in said perpendicular plane to said pivot axis,
wherein said resonator mechanism comprises axial stop means comprising at least a lower axial stop and/or an upper axial stop, and said axial stop means are arranged to cooperate as a stop rest with at least one of the plurality of elastic blades or the at least one inertial element for the protection of said resonator mechanism against axial shocks in the direction of said pivot axis,
wherein said resonator mechanism comprises a plurality of said inertial elements, which extend over a plurality of parallel levels, and
wherein said axial stop means of said resonator mechanism further comprises at least one intermediate axial stop, which is arranged between two adjacent levels of said plurality of parallel levels of said inertial elements.

US Pat. No. 10,394,189

DISPLAY DEVICE FOR HOLOGRAPHIC RECONSTRUCTION

SEEREAL TECHNOLOGIES S.A....

1. A display device for holographic reconstruction, comprisingA spatial light modulator device having combined phase modulating pixels and amplitude modulating pixels,
An illumination unit capable of illumination of the spatial light modulator device,
a reflection plane,arranged for generating sufficiently coherent light, emitted by the illumination unit, entering the spatial light modulator device, the light passing both a phase modulating pixel and an amplitude modulating pixel of the spatial light modulator device, where the light is reflected at an oblique angle by the reflection plane provided between the phase modulating pixels and the amplitude modulating pixels seen in a direction of propagation of light, and where the reflection plane is in a parallel arrangement to the layer having the phase modulation pixels and the amplitude modulating pixels.

US Pat. No. 10,394,188

PROTECTION OF PRIVATE CONTENT AND OBJECTS

International Business Ma...

1. A method of generating a holographic image for shielding objects from view, comprising:detecting a specified presence around a given object;
determining if the detected presence has authorization to view the given object;
and determining when and where to build a three-dimensional holographic shielding image between the given object and the detected presence to shield the given object from the detected presence, including when the detected presence does not have the authorization to view the given object, a holographic display apparatus building the three dimensional holographic shielding image between the given object and the detected presence to shield the given object from the detected presence, including
determining a position of the detected presence, using the determined position of the detected presence for determining a position for the holographic shielding image, and the holographic display apparatus building the holographic shielding image at the determined position for the holographic shielding image; and wherein:
the specified presence moves relative to the given object; and
the building a three-dimensional holographic image includes dynamically adjusting positions of the three-dimensional holographic image as the specified presence moves relative to the given object to keep the three-dimensional holographic image between the specified presence and the given object.

US Pat. No. 10,394,187

EXPOSURE DEVICES, STATIC ELIMINATOR, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS COMPRISING THE SAME

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a photoreceptor; and
an exposure device configured to expose a surface of the photoreceptor and to form an electrostatic latent image,
wherein the exposure device includes:
a light source configured to emit a beam;
a polygon mirror configured to deflect the beam emitted from the light source; and
a polygon motor configured to rotate the polygon mirror,
wherein the polygon motor is rotated at least temporarily when an aging mode to remove moisture from the surface of the photoreceptor is executed,
the image forming apparatus further comprises an intermediate transferring belt capable of coming into contact with and separating from the photoreceptor,
the intermediate transferring belt is separated from the photoreceptor when the aging mode is executed.

US Pat. No. 10,394,186

POWDER CONTAINER AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A powder container for use with an image forming apparatus, the image forming apparatus including a driving protrusion that is rotatable and that protrudes toward an upstream side in an insertion direction in which the powder container is inserted, the powder container comprising:a container body to store powder,
a cap attached to the container body; and
a transmitted structure provided on the cap to contact the driving protrusion, wherein
the transmitted structure extends outward from an outer circumference of the powder container,
the cap is rotatable relative to the container body in a predetermined angular range, and
the rotation of the cap relative to the container body is restricted so that the container body rotates along with the rotation of the cap when the rotation of the cap exceeds the predetermined angular range.

US Pat. No. 10,394,185

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus configured to form an image on a recording medium, the image forming apparatus comprising:a main body;
a cartridge provided with a photosensitive member and being removable from the main body;
a light emitting member provided with a plurality of light emitting elements arranged in a rotation axis direction of the photosensitive member and configured to cause the plurality of light emitting elements to emit light to expose the photosensitive member;
a transfer member configured to transfer a toner image formed on the photosensitive member;
a cartridge moving member configured to move the cartridge between a first position for forming the image on the recording medium and a second position in which the cartridge is further retracted away from the transfer member than in the first position; and
a light emitting member moving member configured to move the light emitting member between a third position in which the light emitting member exposes the photosensitive member in order to form the image on the recording medium and a fourth position in which the light emitting member is further retracted away from the cartridge than in the third position,
wherein the cartridge moving member comprises a supporting member configured to support the cartridge, a first connecting member and a second connecting member,
wherein the supporting member comprises the light emitting member moving member,
wherein the first connecting member and the second connecting member are respectively connected to the supporting member at positions separated in the rotation axis direction of the photosensitive member, and the first connecting member and the second connecting member are connected to the supporting member and the main body so as to be rotatable with respect to the supporting member and the main body, and
wherein the cartridge is movable between the first position and the second position by movement of the supporting member by a rotation of the first connecting member and the second connecting member, and the light emitting member is movable between the third position and the fourth position by the movement of the supporting member by the rotation of the first connecting member and the second connecting member.

US Pat. No. 10,394,184

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH CONTACT-SEPARATION MECHANISM FOR IMAGE CARRIER

Oki Data Corporation, To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image carrier;
a developer carrier disposed so as to face the image carrier;
a transfer body disposed so as to face the image carrier;
a contact-separation mechanism configured to bring the developer carrier and the image carrier into contact with each other and separate the developer carrier and the image carrier from each other, the contact-separation mechanism being configured to bring the image carrier and the transfer body into contact with each other and separate the image carrier and the transfer body from each other;
a frame;
a process unit that is rotatably mounted on the frame and includes the image carrier; and
a developing unit that is rotatably mounted on the process unit and includes the developer carrier;
wherein the contact-separation mechanism
brings the developer carrier into contact with the image carrier and separates the developer carrier from the image carrier by rotating the developing unit with respect to the process unit, and
brings the image carrier into contact with the transfer body and separates the image carrier from the transfer body by rotating the process unit with respect to the frame.

US Pat. No. 10,394,183

LINK MECHANISM AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. A link mechanism comprising:a rotatable link having
a fulcrum pin on which the rotatable link rotates, and
a connecting pin provided at a different position from the fulcrum pin; and
a supporting member having
a guiding groove along which the connecting pin of the rotatable link that is moved between two positions is guided, and
a supporting groove in which the fulcrum pin of the rotatable link is rotatably supported,
wherein the guiding groove of the supporting member includes a long-side guiding portion shaped with a curvature that is greater than a curvature of a substantially arc shape defined by a radius corresponding to a distance between the fulcrum pin and the connecting pin of the rotatable link, and
wherein the supporting groove of the supporting member is a substantially oblong groove extending in a direction intersecting a direction in which the long-side guiding portion of the guiding groove extends.

US Pat. No. 10,394,182

CARTRIDGE, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND ASSEMBLING METHOD OF DRIVE TRANSMISSION UNIT

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A cartridge detachably mountable to a main assembly of an image forming apparatus, the cartridge comprising:a rotatable member;
a rotational force receiving member for transmitting a rotational force to be transmitted to the rotatable member;
a preventing member connected with the rotational force receiving member and including an accommodating portion therein;
a rotatable coupling member including (i) a free end portion that includes a rotational force receiving portion for receiving the rotational force and (ii) a connecting portion connected with the preventing member to be partly accommodated in the accommodating portion so that a rotational axis of the coupling member is tiltable relative to a rotational axis of the rotational force receiving member; and
a shaft portion capable of receiving the rotational force from the coupling member, wherein the rotational axis of the coupling member is tiltable relative to the shaft portion,
wherein the preventing member includes a supporting portion for supporting one end of the shaft portion so as to prevent the shaft portion from moving in a rotational direction of the rotatable member to transmit the rotational force received from the shaft portion via the supporting portion to the rotational force receiving member,
wherein the supporting portion has a first surface and a second surface which are contactable with the one end of the shaft portion and which extend in the rotational axis direction of the rotatable member,
wherein the first surface and the second surface are disposed opposed to each other with respect to the one end of the shaft portion,
wherein the one end of the shaft portion is prevented from moving in a rotational direction of the rotatable member relative to the preventing member, and
wherein the rotational force receiving member and the preventing member are separate parts connected together.

US Pat. No. 10,394,181

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS FRAME

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A method of manufacturing an image forming apparatus comprising a frame configured to support an image forming unit, the frame including (a) a first column member, (b) a second column member, and (c) a connecting unit configured to connect the first column member and the second column member, the connecting unit including (i) a first member including a welding surface that is disposed at a portion of the first member closer to one end of the connecting unit than a center of the connecting unit in a longitudinal direction of the connecting unit, (ii) a second member including a welding surface that is disposed at a portion of the second member closer to another end of the connecting unit than the center of the connecting unit in the longitudinal direction of the connecting unit, the method comprising:adjusting a length between the welding surface of the first member and the welding surface of the second member to a predetermined distance by relatively sliding the first member and the second member in the longitudinal direction;
fixing the first member and the second member after the length between the welding surface of the first member and the welding surface of the second member is adjusted in the step of adjusting the length;
welding the welding surface of the first member with the first column member; and
welding the welding surface of the second member with the second column member.

US Pat. No. 10,394,180

CLEANING BLADE

NOK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A cleaning blade, comprising:an elastic body formed of a rubber base material molded product, and a surface treatment layer on at least an area of the elastic body to be brought into contact with a cleaning object, wherein,
the surface treatment layer is a hardened product containing an isocyanate compound with which a surface portion of the elastic body has been impregnated and which has been reacted with the elastic body;
the surface treatment layer has an elastic modulus of 95 MPa or lower;
the elastic body has an elastic modulus of 20 MPa to 60 MPa; and
the difference in elastic modulus between the surface treatment layer and the elastic body is 1 MPa or greater.

US Pat. No. 10,394,179

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH CLEANING UNIT

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image holding member;
a charging unit that charges a surface of the image holding member;
an electrostatic charge image forming unit that forms an electrostatic charge image on the charged surface of the image holding member;
a developing unit that has an electrostatic charge image developer and that develops the electrostatic charge image on the surface of the image holding member with the electrostatic charge image developer to form a toner image;
a transfer unit that transfers the toner image formed on the surface of the image holding member to the surface of a recording medium; and
a cleaning unit having a cleaning blade that is in contact with the surface of the image holding member to clean the surface of the image holding member, wherein:
the electrostatic charge image developer contains toner,
the toner contains an amorphous polyester resin as a binder resin;
a tetrahydrofuran-soluble component of the toner particles has a weight average molecular weight Mw and a number average molecular weight Mn;
the Mw is in the range of 25,000 to 60,000;
Mw/Mn is in the range of 5 to 10;
a ratio of an absorbance of the toner particles for a wavenumber of 1500 cm?1 to an absorbance for a wavenumber of 720 cm?1 is 0.6 or less;
a ratio of an absorbance of the toner particles for a wavenumber of 820 cm?1 to the absorbance for a wavenumber of 720 cm?1 is 0.4 or less; and
in the cleaning unit, a variation in a load applied by the cleaning blade to the image holding member in a slide test is 1.5 gf/mm or less, in which in the slide test, an image holding member which has a diameter of 30 mm and with which the cleaning blade is in contact at a contact angle of 23° and a pressing pressure of 4.0 gf/mm is rotated 100,000 times at a rotational speed of 175 mm/sec to slide the cleaning blade.

US Pat. No. 10,394,178

SHEET FEEDING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A sheet feeding device comprising:a stacking unit configured to stack a sheet;
a feeding member including (a) a rotatable feeding roller configured to feed the sheet having been stacked on said stacking unit and (b) a supplying roller configured to supply the sheet fed by said feeding roller;
a holding member holding said feeding member;
a holder supporting portion provided above said stacking unit and configured to detachably support said holding member;
a raising and lowering unit configured to raise and lower said holding member;
a detecting unit having a detection state that is changed by movement of said holding member; and
a control unit capable of operating said raising and lowering unit to raise and lower said holding member in a state that said holding member is not mounted to said holder supporting portion,
wherein, when the detection state changes from a first state to a second state, said control unit discriminates that said holding member is mounted to said holder supporting portion,
wherein, when the first detection state of said detecting unit is maintained, despite the movement of said raising and lowering unit, said control unit discriminates that said holding member is not mounted to said holder supporting portion,
wherein said holder supporting portion includes (a) a driving shaft configured to rotate said supplying roller and (b) a movable shaft movable in an axial direction of said driving shaft, and
wherein said holding member is supported by said holder supporting portion by the engagement between said driving shaft and said movable shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,394,177

DRIVE TRANSMISSION APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A drive transmission apparatus comprising:a first input gear configured to be driven by driving force from a driving source;
a first swing gear configured to be rotated by driving force from the first input gear;
a first swing member comprising a first engagement portion and a first retaining portion configured to retain the first swing gear in a rotatable manner; and
a supporting portion configured to support the first swing member swingably between a first position and a second position in a swinging direction about an axis of the first input gear,
wherein the supporting portion comprises:
a first portion configured to face the first engagement portion and permit the first swing member to be moved with respect to the supporting portion in a direction intersecting the axis of the first input gear in a case where the first swing member is on the first position; and
a second portion configured to engage with the first engagement portion and restrict the first swing member from being moved away from the supporting portion in the direction intersecting the axis of the first input gear in a case where the first swing member is in the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,394,176

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH ADJUSTMENT OF TONER CONTENT IN DEVELOPER

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image bearing member;
a developing device configured to develop, with a developer containing toner and a carrier, an electrostatic latent image formed on said image bearing member;
a toner content detecting portion configured to detect a toner content in the developer in said developing device;
a supplying device configured to supply the toner to said developing device on the basis of an output of said toner content detecting portion to maintain the toner content in the developer in said developing device at a target value;
a calculating portion configured to calculate an image ratio of an image to be outputted;
a toner image detecting portion configured to detect a density of a toner image formed by said developing device;
an adjusting portion configured to adjust the target value on the basis of a result of detection of a density of a detection toner image by said toner image detecting portion, the detection toner image being formed by said developing device; and
a controller configured to control an execution frequency of said adjusting portion so that said adjusting portion effects adjustment after a number of times of image formation after occurrence of a high change rate of the image ratio that is greater than a predetermined change rate reaches a first value, and said adjusting portion effects adjustment after the number of times of image formation after occurrence of a low change rate of the image ratio that is lower than the predetermined change rate reaches a second value greater than the first value.

US Pat. No. 10,394,175

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS THAT USES A PREDETERMINED MEASUREMENT IMAGE AND CONTROLS IMAGE DENSITY

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus that forms an image on a sheet, the image forming apparatus comprising:a conversion unit configured to convert image data based on a conversion condition;
an image forming unit configured to form an image based on the converted image data;
an image bearing member;
a measurement unit configured to measure irregular reflection light from a measurement image on the image bearing member; and
a controller configured to control the image forming unit to form a plurality of measurement images including a predetermined measurement image based on measurement image data, to control the measurement unit to measure irregular reflection light from an area on the image bearing member where the plurality of measurement images are not formed, to control the measurement unit to measure the irregular reflection light from the plurality of measurement images, to determine whether a measurement result of the predetermined measurement image is selected as a measurement result used for generating the conversion condition based on the measurement result of the area, and to generate the conversion condition based on the selected measurement result,
wherein the controller generates the conversion condition based on the measurement result of the predetermined measurement image and measurement results of the other measurement images among the plurality of measurement images in a case where the measurement result of the predetermined measurement image is selected,
wherein the controller generates the conversion condition based on the measurement results of the other measurement images without using the measurement result of the predetermined measurement image in a case where the measurement result of the predetermined measurement image is not selected,
wherein a density level of the predetermined measurement image is lower than density levels of the other measurement image,
wherein the controller determines a reference value based on the measurement result of the area,
wherein the controller selects the predetermined measurement image in a case where the reference value is less than a threshold, and
wherein the controller does not select the predetermined measurement image in a case where the reference value is more than the threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,394,174

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:at least one processor configured to execute:
a determination unit configured to determine an end of a continuous tone image part in which a density changes continuously, the continuous tone image part being included in image information;
a continuous tone processing unit configured to perform, in a first case where a number of levels of density of a print image in the image forming apparatus is larger than a number of levels of density of the image information, continuous tone processing causing a density of a pixel group, in which adjacent pixels have a same density, to be changed such that the adjacent pixels instead have more continuously changing differing densities, when increasing the number of levels of the density in the determined end of the continuous tone image part, to thereby generate continuous tone processed print image information, wherein the continuous tone processing unit is further configured to, in a second case where a first density difference between a density of a pixel adjacent to one end of the pixel group in a direction in which the pixels in the pixel group are adjacent to each other and the density of the pixel group reaches a predetermined density difference and a second density difference between a density of a pixel adjacent to another end of the pixel group and the density of the pixel group does not reach a predetermined density difference, perform continuous tone processing causing the density of the pixel group to be changed continuously and more than in the first case.

US Pat. No. 10,394,173

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming unit configured to form an image on a recording material;
a fixing unit having a heater and configured to heat and fix an image formed on the recording material onto the recording material; and
a control unit,
wherein the control unit calculates estimated power (Pp_after) to be used in the apparatus in a case where a throughput thereof is to be increased to become higher than a current throughput during forming the image, and compares the estimated power (Pp_after) and maximum suppliable power (Plimit) to the apparatus to determine whether the throughput is to be increased or not, and
wherein if the power used by the apparatus during forming the image at the current throughput is defined as power (Pp), the power (Pp_after) is calculated on a basis of the power (Pp) and a ratio of the current throughput to a throughput after the change.

US Pat. No. 10,394,172

COMING-OFF STOPPING MECHANISM, FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A coming-off stopping mechanism comprising:a supporting member formed in a hollow tubular shape elongated in an axial direction, having a notch portion at an end, and supporting a rotating body rotating around an axis; and
a coming-off stopping member fixed by being fitted to the supporting member from the outside in the axial direction, and restraining movement toward the outside in the axial direction of the rotating body supported by the supporting member,
wherein the coming-off stopping member includes:
an annular portion formed so as to enclose the outside in a diameter direction of the supporting member except for the notch portion; and
a plurality of first engaging portions connected to both ends of the annular portion, and inserted into the inside of the supporting member from the notch portion while elastically deforming and fitted into a plurality of first engaging holes formed in the supporting member from the inside in the diameter direction.

US Pat. No. 10,394,171

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING HEAT-FIXING RUBBER ROLLER AND HEAT-FIXING RUBBER ROLLER

SWCC SHOWA CABLE SYSTEMS ...

1. A method of manufacturing a heat-fixing rubber roller, the method comprising:forming a rubber layer of a silicone rubber composition on an outer periphery of a metal core shaft, the composition containing water-soluble sugar powder and triethylene glycol;
vulcanizing the rubber layer; and
eluting the sugar powder and the triethylene glycol from the vulcanized rubber layer to form a foam rubber layer.

US Pat. No. 10,394,170

FUSER DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Oki Data Corporation, To...

1. A fuser device carrying a medium in a medium carrying direction, the medium having two faces wherein one of the faces is a print face on which a developer image is fused with the fuser device, and the other of the faces is a back face on which no developer image is fused, comprising:a first rotation member that is an endless belt and has flexibility,
a second rotation member that is an endless belt, has flexibility, and is installed rotatable so as to carry the medium from an upstream side to a downstream side in the medium carrying direction in cooperation with the first rotation member while nipping the medium between the second rotation member and the first rotation member wherein the print face of the medium faces the second rotation member and the back face of the medium faces the first rotation member while the medium is carried on a carrying path through the first and second rotation members,
a first pressing member that is positioned inside the first rotation member and has a first pressing face pressing the first rotation member toward the second rotation member, and
a second pressing member that is positioned inside the second rotation member and has a second pressing face, arranged to be opposite to the first pressing face with respect to the carrying path, the second pressing face pressing the second rotation member toward the first rotation member, wherein
the first pressing face has, at the most upstream side of the medium carrying direction, a pressure reducing part that reduces a pressing force of the first rotation member that is applied to the second rotation member, and
the second pressing face does not have a pressure reducing part that reduces a pressing force of the second rotation member that is applied to the first rotation member.

US Pat. No. 10,394,169

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A fixing device, comprising:a tubular rotator;
a first heater disposed inside the tubular rotator and extended in a longitudinal direction of the first heater, the first heater to heat the tubular rotator;
a second heater disposed inside the tubular rotator and extended in a longitudinal direction of the second heater, the second heater to heat the tubular rotator;
a heating adjuster, interposed between the first heater and the second heater, to adjust heat conduction from the first heater to the second heater, wherein the heat adjuster is a non-heat generator that does not generate heat, but absorbs heat generated by the first and second heaters so as to cool the first and second heaters; and
a joint combining the heating adjuster with the second heater.

US Pat. No. 10,394,168

ROTATOR CONTROL DEVICE, CONVEYANCE DEVICE, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND ROTATOR CONTROL METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A rotator control device comprising:a plurality of drivers to drive a plurality of rotators to convey a sheet, respectively; and
a processor including:
a selector configured to select, from the plurality of rotators, a pair of a first rotator subjected to rotation speed adjustment and a second rotator adjacent to the first rotator;
an acquisition unit configured to acquire a torque-related value representing one of a driving torque value of a corresponding driver of the plurality of drivers to drive the second rotator and a value proportional to the driving torque value of the corresponding driver to drive the second rotator; and
a speed adjuster configured to adjust a rotation speed of the first rotator to approximate a variation in the torque-related value acquired by the acquisition unit to zero,
wherein the selector is configured to:
select a subsequent pair from the plurality of rotators after adjustment of the rotation speed of the first rotator of a preceding pair;
designate the first rotator of the preceding pair as the second rotator of the subsequent pair; and
select, as the first rotator of the subsequent pair, one of the plurality of rotators adjacent to the first rotator of the preceding pair, on a side opposite the second rotator of the preceding pair.

US Pat. No. 10,394,167

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image carrier configured to carry an image formed on an outer circumferential surface of the image carrier;
a circulating member configured to rotate and configured to receive the image from the image carrier on an outer circumferential surface of the circulating member that is in contact with the outer circumferential surface of the image carrier or on a recording material that is transported while being nipped between the outer circumferential surface of the image carrier and the outer circumferential surface of the circulating member;
a first driving unit configured to drive the image carrier;
a second driving unit configured to drive the circulating member by a driving force independent from a driving force of the first driving unit;
a load detector configured to detect a driving load of at least one of the first and second driving units; and
a driving adjuster configured to regulate the driving by the second driving unit based on a free rotation state load of the second driving unit.

US Pat. No. 10,394,166

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS HAVING A CLEANING DEVICE FOR A TRANSFER BELT AND A PRE-CLEANING BRUSH

KYOCERA DOCUMENT SOLUTION...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an endless transfer belt that travels while carrying a toner image on a transfer surface thereof;
a cleaning device that sweeps off toner remaining on the transfer surface of the endless transfer belt by using a rotary brush, electrically adsorbs the toner swept by a recovery roller, and removes the toner;
a pre-cleaning brush that slidably contacts with the transfer surface of the endless transfer belt at an upstream side in a rotation direction of the endless transfer belt from the cleaning device, the pre-cleaning brush having conductivity;
a support member that supports the pre-cleaning brush from a side opposite to a side of the endless transfer belt, the support member having a support wall that extends over approximately a whole in a width direction of the endless transfer belt while facing the transfer surface of the endless transfer belt and supports the pre-cleaning brush, the support member having conductivity, and the support wall being formed with openings that liberate foreign matter including toner deposited onto the pre-cleaning brush;
a suction device that sucks the foreign matter deposited onto the pre-cleaning brush through the openings from a side of the support wall of the support member that is opposite to the side of the endless transfer belt;
a voltage applying unit that applies a voltage having a predetermined polarity to the pre-cleaning brush via the support member; and
a control unit that controls a polarity of the voltage to be applied by the voltage applying unit,
wherein the control unit is configured to allow the polarity of the voltage to be applied by the voltage applying unit to differ in a part corresponding to an image formation area in the endless transfer belt and an inter-paper area.

US Pat. No. 10,394,165

DEVELOPING DEVICE CARRYING LIQUID DEVELOPER

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A developing device comprising:a rotatable developer carrying member configured to carry liquid developer including toner and carrier liquid to develop an electrostatic latent image carried on an image bearing member, at a developing position;
a developer container configured to store the liquid developer;
an electrode provided opposed to said developer carrying member with a predetermined gap therebetween and configured to form an electric field for moving the toner in the liquid developer supplied from said developer container into the predetermined gap, toward said developer carrying member; and
an urging roller provided downstream of said electrode and upstream of the developing position with respect to a rotational moving direction of said developer carrying member and configured to urge said developer carrying member,
wherein an amount of the toner on said developer carrying member per unit area in a region downstream of said urging roller and upstream of the developing position with respect to the rotational moving direction is not less than 50% of an amount of the toner on said developer carrying member per unit area in a region interposed between said electrode and said developer carrying member.

US Pat. No. 10,394,163

TONER CARTRIDGE WITH A TONER SWITCH ASSEMBLY

APEX TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD....

1. A toner cartridge removably mounted on an imaging device, comprising:a housing with a toner storage;
a cylindrical toner transport portion to transfer toner in the toner storage;
a toner outlet disposed on the cylindrical toner transport portion and aligned with a toner inlet on the imaging device; and
a switch assembly matching the cylindrical toner transport portion and controlling the toner in the toner storage to flow from the toner outlet into the toner inlet; and
a driving device coupled to the switch assembly to provide a driving force to slide the switch assembly in a direction of the driving force between a first position to open the toner outlet and a second position to close the toner outlet,
wherein the driving device includes a pressing member disposed between a first side cover and a first sidewall of the toner cartridge to press the switch assembly under the driving force to slide between the first position and the second position, the sliding movement of the pressing member is converted to a sliding movement of the switch assembly, and a sliding direction of the switch assembly is perpendicular to a sliding direction of the pressing member.

US Pat. No. 10,394,162

DEVELOPING APPARATUS, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A developing apparatus comprising:a developer carrying member that carries a developer;
a development frame member that rotatably supports the developer carrying member and stores the developer; and
a regulating member provided in the development frame member to regulate a thickness of the developer carried on the developer carrying member, wherein
the regulating member includes a supporting member having a conductive property, and a contact member having a larger resistivity than that of the supporting member,
in a cross-section orthogonal to a rotation axis direction of the developer carrying member,
the contact member has a contact portion that contacts with a surface of the developer carrying member, and
the supporting member is disposed to be present on a normal line of the developer carrying member passing through the contact portion, and the contact portion has a first region and a second region positioned on a downstream side of the first region in a rotation direction of the developer carrying member,
wherein when a thickness of the contact member, between the first region and the supporting member, in a first direction along a first normal line passing through the first region, is a first thickness, and
a thickness of the contact member, between the second region and the supporting member, in a second direction along a second normal line passing through the second region, is a second thickness,
the first thickness is larger than the second thickness,
wherein when a third normal line of the developer carrying member, passing through a position at which a distance between a rotation center of the developer carrying member and the supporting member is the shortest, is used as a reference,
the contact portion is disposed at a position which is not on the downstream side of the third normal line but on the upstream side of the developer carrying member, in the rotation direction of the developer carrying member, and
wherein when a potential of the supporting member is V1 and a potential of the developer carrying member is V2 during a developing operation, a polarity of a potential difference (V1?V2) between the supporting member and the developer carrying member is the same as a charging polarity of the developer.

US Pat. No. 10,394,161

DEVELOPING ROLL

Sumitomo Riko Company Lim...

1. A developing roll for an electrophotographic device, the developing roll comprising a surface layer,wherein, in a surface hardness histogram of the surface layer measured by using an atomic force microscope, a surface hardness at a top peak is in the range of 10-55 MPa, and an area ratio of a histogram portion corresponding to a surface hardness of 45 MPa or below in relation to an entire histogram is 80% or above;
wherein the surface layer has a copolymer comprising, in a molecule,
a first polymerization unit that is derived from (meth)acrylate that has a silicone group, a second polymerization unit that is derived from (meth)acrylate that has a fluorine-containing group, and
a third polymerization unit that is derived from (meth)acrylate, and a glass transition temperature Tg of a single polymer of (meth)acrylate in the third polymerization unit is 10° C. or below; and
wherein the copolymer is unevenly distributed in a surface portion of the surface layer.

US Pat. No. 10,394,160

TONER CARTRIDGE AND DEVELOPING CARTRIDGE FOR IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

ZHUHAI SEINE TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A toner cartridge for an image forming device, comprising:a housing including:
a toner chamber configured to store toner, and
a developing roller dispose at a rear side of the housing; and
a first storage member disposed on a lower surface of the housing and configured to store information of the toner cartridge, wherein, with respect to the rear side of the housing for disposing the developing roller, the first storage member is located closer to a front side of the housing opposite to the rear side.

US Pat. No. 10,394,159

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming unit including
a photoconductor,
a light source configured to emit light beam in a light amount corresponding to a value of supplied current,
a driving unit configured to supply current to the light source in accordance with a first pulse-with-modulation (PWM) signal generated based on image data, which includes a smoothing circuit which outputs a signal obtained by smoothing a second PWM signal input to control a value of the current supplied to the light source, and configured to control the value of the current in accordance with an output of the smoothing circuit, and
a deflection unit configured to deflect the light beam emitted from the light source such that the light beam scan the photoconductor,
wherein the image forming unit develops, using toner, electrostatic latent image formed on the photoconductor by being scanned by the light beam, transfers developed toner image on a recording sheet, and fixes the transferred toner image on the recording sheet; and
a control unit
configured to control the driving unit by changing a pulse width of the first PWM signal so that toner images for density detection having different density levels are formed in parallel in a scanning direction of the light beam,
configured to set a target light amount of the light beam based on density information of the toner images for density detection, and
configured to control a pulse width of the second PWM signal to be input to the smoothing circuit such that an amount of the light beam emitted from the light source based on the target light amount is controlled in accordance with a scanning position.

US Pat. No. 10,394,158

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING PHOTOSENSITIVE DRUM EXPOSED BY EXPOSURE DEVICE

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a groove in which a rotation shaft of a photosensitive drum is inserted;
an exposure device configured to emit a laser light on the photosensitive drum to form an electrostatic latent image; and
an adjustment member configured to shift the rotation shaft vertically in the groove to adjust a skew of the laser light,
wherein the groove has a vertical side edge,
the adjustment member is rotatable and has an arc-shaped circumferential edge configured to come into contact with the rotation shaft inserted in the groove from an oblique lower direction and to press the rotation shaft on the side edge,
the circumferential edge is configured such that a radius is varied along a circumferential direction, and
when the adjustment member is rotated, a contact position of the circumferential edge with the side edge is varied and then a position where the rotation shaft is pressed on the side edge is shifted vertically.

US Pat. No. 10,394,157

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., Ch...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a first photoconductor and a second photoconductor that are disposed to be spaced apart from each other;
a first image forming unit that forms a toner image on the first photoconductor;
a second image forming unit that forms a toner image on the second photoconductor;
an image carrier onto which the toner image formed on the first photoconductor and the toner image formed on the second photoconductor are transferred; and
a controller that, when the toner image formed on the first photoconductor is transferred onto the image carrier, rotates the second photoconductor while keeping the second photoconductor spaced apart from the image carrier.

US Pat. No. 10,394,156

IMAGE FORMATION APPARATUS CONTROLLING CHARGING VOLTAGE AND DEVELOPMENT VOLTAGE

Oki Data Corporation, To...

1. An image formation apparatus comprising:an image carrier rotatable in a first rotating direction and in a second rotating direction opposite to the first rotating direction and configured to carry a latent image on a surface;
a charging member disposed to face the image carrier at a first position and configured to charge the surface of the image carrier;
a developer carrier disposed to face the image carrier at a second position and configured to carry a developer used to develop the latent image; and
a controller that controls a rotating operation of the image carrier, application of a charge voltage to the charging member, and application of a development voltage to the developer carrier, wherein the controller
in a first period, performs control to apply the charge voltage and the development voltage to the charging member and the developer carrier respectively while rotating the image carrier in the first rotating direction such that the controller sets an absolute value of a voltage difference between a direct-current (DC) component of the charge voltage and a direct-current (DC) component of the development voltage to a first value, to develop the latent image,
in a second period after the first period, performs control to apply the charge voltage and the development voltage to the charging member and the developer carrier respectively while rotating the image carrier in the first rotating direction such that the controller sets the absolute value of the voltage difference to a second value smaller than the first value, and
in a third period after the second period, rotates the image carrier in the second rotating direction.

US Pat. No. 10,394,155

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a movable photosensitive member;
a charging roller provided in contact with or proximity to a surface of said photosensitive member and configured to electrically discharge the surface of said photosensitive member under application of a charging voltage consisting only of a DC component;
an electrostatic image forming portion configured to form an electrostatic image on the charged surface of said photosensitive member;
a developing sleeve provided opposed to the surface of said photosensitive member and configured to deposit toner on the electrostatic image formed on the surface of said photosensitive member under application of a developing voltage including an AC component and a DC component;
a charging voltage source configured to output the charging voltage;
a developing voltage source configured to output the developing voltage;
a first conducting path configured to electrically connect an output terminal of said charging voltage source to said charging roller;
a second conducting path configured to electrically connect an output terminal of said developing voltage source to said developing sleeve; and
a capacitor electrically connected between the output terminal of said charging voltage source and a ground potential or between said first conducting path and the ground potential,
wherein said capacitor satisfies the following relationship:
{C1/(C1+C2)}×Vpp?5(V),
where C1 (pF) is an electrostatic capacity formed by said first and second conducting paths, C2 (pF) is an electrostatic capacity of said capacitor, and Vpp (V) is a peak-to-peak voltage of the AC component of the developing voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,394,153

INK COMPOSITION WITH PIGMENT PARTICLES HAVING A HYDROPHOBIC SURFACE

HP Indigo B.V., Amselvee...

1. A liquid electrophotographic ink composition, comprising:a carrier fluid comprising a polymer;
ink particles each comprising a non-aqueous polymeric resin and pigment particles distributed in the polymeric resin; and
a charge director;
wherein the pigment particles comprise a metal oxide and have a hydrophobic surface; and
wherein the hydrophobic surface comprises at least one of the following:
(i) nanoparticles attached to each of the pigment particles, the nanoparticles comprising at least one of a phosphate, and a nitrate;
(ii) a coating disposed over each of the pigment particles, the coating comprising at least one of a phosphate, and a nitrate; and
(iii) a coating disposed over each of the pigment particles, the coating comprising at least one of a polyol, and a polyamine, or a salt thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,394,150

POSITIVELY CHARGEABLE TONER

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A positively chargeable toner comprising a plurality of toner particles, whereineach of the toner particles includes a toner mother particle and an external additive,
the toner mother particle includes a toner core containing a binder resin and a shell layer covering a surface of the toner core,
the external additive includes a plurality of silica particles,
each of the silica particles is present on a surface of the shell layer and includes a silica base having a surface treated with a surface treatment agent,
the surface treatment agent includes a first treatment agent having a carboxyl group in a molecule thereof,
the toner core and each of the silica particles are bonded to each other through a covalent bond within the shell layer,
the covalent bond includes a first amide bond and a second amide bond,
the shell layer contains a vinyl resin,
the vinyl resin includes a constitutional unit represented by a formula (1-1) shown below, a constitutional unit represented by a formula (1-2) shown below, and a constitutional unit represented by a formula (1-3) shown below,
an amide bond included in the constitutional unit represented by the formula (1-1) is the first amide bond,
an amide bond included in the constitutional unit represented by the formula (1-2) is the second amide bond, and
an amount of ring-unopened oxazoline groups included in 1 g of the positively chargeable toner as measured by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry is at least 0.10 ?mol and no greater than 100 ?mol,

where in the formula (1-1), R11 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group optionally substituted with a substituent, and an available bond of a carbon atom bonded to two oxygen atoms is connected to an atom of the binder resin,

in the formula (1-2), R12 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group optionally substituted with a substituent, and an available bond of a carbon atom bonded to two oxygen atoms is connected to an atom of the first treatment agent,

in the formula (1-3), R13 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group optionally substituted with a substituent.

US Pat. No. 10,394,148

TONER FOR ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY

KAO CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A toner for electrophotography comprising a resin A comprising at least a polyester moiety obtained through polycondensation of an alcohol component, a carboxylic acid component, and a polyhydroxyamine compound represented by the following formula (1) in an amount of 0.01% by mass or more and 5.0% by mass or less based on the total amount of all the monomer components of the resin A:
wherein R1 represents a hydroxyalkyl group having a number of carbon atoms of 1 or more and 5 or less; R2 represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having a number of carbon atoms of 1 or more and 6 or less, or a hydroxyalkyl group having a number of carbon atoms of 1 or more and 5 or less; and R3 and R4 each represent an alkanediyl group having a number of carbon atoms of 1 or more and 5 or less, provided that R3 and R4 may be the same as or different from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,394,147

ELECTROSTATIC LATENT IMAGE DEVELOPING TONER

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An electrostatic latent image developing toner comprising a plurality of toner particles containing a non-crystalline polyester resin and an ester wax, wherein:the toner particles further contain a crystalline polyester resin and a specific resin,
the crystalline polyester resin has a first repeating unit derived from a (meth)acrylic acid alkyl ester and a second repeating unit derived from a styrene,
the specific resin has a third repeating unit derived from a (meth)acrylic acid amino alkyl ester and a fourth repeating unit derived from styrene,
in an FT-IR spectrum of the specific resin measured by an ATR method, an intensity of a peak derived from an amino group included in the third repeating unit is at least 40% and no greater than 60% of an intensity of a peak derived from an aromatic ring included in the fourth repeating unit,
the toner has a storage elastic modulus of at least 1.00×105 Pa and no greater than 5.00×105 Pa at a temperature of 90° C.,
the ester wax has a melting point of at least 60° C. and no higher than 80° C., and
a dispersion diameter of the ester wax in the toner particles is at least 500 nm and no greater than 1,000 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,394,143

TOPOGRAPHY MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A topography measurement system for measuring a topography of a substrate, the measurement system comprising:a spatially coded grating configured to produce a patterned beam of radiation;
a second grating configured to receive a reflected patterned beam of radiation after the patterned beam has been reflected from a target location on the substrate, wherein a phase distribution of the patterned beam is changed by the topography such that the reflected patterned beam comprises information of the topography; and
a detector configured to receive the reflected patterned beam and to output an output signal representative of the reflected patterned beam.

US Pat. No. 10,394,142

SCAN REFLECTIVE MIRROR MONITORING SYSTEM AND METHOD, FOCUSING AND LEVELING SYSTEM

SHANGHAI MICRO ELECTRONIC...

1. A scanning mirror monitoring system, comprising a simple harmonic motion detector unit and a signal processing unit, the simple harmonic motion detector unit configured to monitor a simple harmonic motion of a scanning mirror and to produce a simple harmonic signal, the signal processing unit configured to receive the simple harmonic signal and, based on a variation of the simple harmonic signal, control a scanning mirror actuator unit to adjust a vibration amplitude and/or a position of the scanning mirror,wherein the simple harmonic motion detector unit comprises a first illumination unit, a first projection unit and a first detection unit, a first measuring beam emanated from the first illumination unit passing through the first projection unit, thereby forming a first detection light spot, which is further incident on the scanning mirror to produce a first reflected beam, the first reflected beam being incident on the first detection unit, which then produces the simple harmonic signal, the first detection unit connected to the signal processing unit,
wherein the first projection unit comprises a projection slit and a projection lens group, the first measuring beam passing through the projection slit and thereby forming the first detection light spot, the projection lens group configured to collimate the first detection light spot into a parallel beam, and
wherein the first detection unit comprises a detection lens, a detection slit, a first relay lens, a second relay lens and a detector, the first reflected beam converged by the detection lens, and the converged beam sequentially passing through the detection slit, the first relay lens and the second relay lens and then being incident on the detector.

US Pat. No. 10,394,141

RADIATION SOURCE AND LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. An EUV radiation source housing apparatus comprising:a rotatably mounted housing that is rotatable around a rotation axis, the housing defining a circumference when rotating around the rotation axis;
an actuator arranged to drive the housing to rotate around the rotation axis;
a heater located adjacent to a first portion of the circumference; and
a cooler located adjacent to a second portion of the circumference,
wherein the first portion is different than the second portion and the heater and the cooler are configured such that they do not rotate with the rotatably mounted housing.

US Pat. No. 10,394,140

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A lithographic apparatus comprising:a projection system configured to project a patterned radiation beam that is patterned by a mask to form an exposure area on a substrate held on a substrate table, and
a heating apparatus comprising one or more radiation sources configured to provide one or more additional radiation beams which illuminate and heat part of the substrate during the exposure,
wherein the heating apparatus is configured to heat the part of the substrate based on a reflectivity of the mask.

US Pat. No. 10,394,139

PATTERNING DEVICE COOLING APPARATUS

ASML Holding N.V., Veldh...

1. A patterning apparatus for a lithographic apparatus, the patterning apparatus comprising:a patterning device support structure configured to support a patterning device having a planar surface;
a patterning device conditioning system comprising a first gas outlet configured to provide a first gas flow over the planar surface in use with a directional component parallel to the planar surface and a second gas outlet configured to provide a second gas flow over the planar surface in use with a directional component parallel to the planar surface, wherein the first gas outlet and the second gas outlet are arranged at different distances perpendicular to the planar surface and the first and second gas outlets are arranged to provide their respective gas flows to be in contact with the planar surface in use; and
a control system configured to independently control a first momentum of gas exiting the first gas outlet and a second momentum of gas exiting the second gas outlet such that the first momentum is different from the second momentum.

US Pat. No. 10,394,138

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROL OF A WORKPIECE AND A CHUCK

NIKON CORPORATION, (JP)

1. An exposure apparatus comprising:a chuck that retains a workpiece to be exposed with a beam;
a chamber in which the chuck is arranged; and
a temperature controller that adjusts the temperature of at least one of the chuck and the workpiece retained by the chuck while the workpiece is retained by the chuck so that a temperature differential exists between the chuck and the workpiece, and wherein the temperature differential exists before the workpiece is exposed with the beam.

US Pat. No. 10,394,137

INSPECTION METHOD, LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS, MASK AND SUBSTRATE

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method of obtaining focus information relating to a lithographic process, the method comprising:illuminating a first target, the first target comprising alternating first and second structures, the form of the second structures being focus dependent such that its form depends upon the focus of a patterned beam used to form the first target and the form of the first structures not having the same focus dependence as that of the second structures, wherein a patterning device is used to produce the patterned beam, the patterning device comprising first structure features to form the first structures and second structure features to form the second structures, the second structure features comprise a low resolution substructure feature to form low resolution substructures; and the second structure features comprise a high resolution substructure feature to form high resolution substructures, the high resolution substructures comprising a plurality of elongate high resolution substructures arranged essentially parallel to the low resolution substructures; and
detecting radiation scattered by the first target to obtain for that first target an asymmetry measurement representing an overall asymmetry of the first target, the asymmetry measurement being indicative of the focus of the patterned beam when forming the first target.

US Pat. No. 10,394,136

METROLOGY METHOD FOR PROCESS WINDOW DEFINITION

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method comprising:measuring a first metrology target designed for a first range of values of a process parameter;
measuring a second metrology target designed for a second range of values of the same process parameter, the second range different than the first range and the second metrology target having a different physical design than the first metrology target; and
deriving process window data from a value of the process parameter in the first range determined from the measuring of the first metrology target, and from a value of the process parameter in the second range determined from the measuring of the second metrology target.

US Pat. No. 10,394,135

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MEASURING A PARAMETER OF A LITHOGRAPHIC PROCESS, COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCTS FOR IMPLEMENTING SUCH METHODS AND APPARATUS

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method of metrology in a metrology apparatus for measuring a parameter of interest relating to a structure, the structure formed using a lithographic process of a lithographic system on a substrate, comprising:receiving, from an optical detector of the metrology apparatus, a plurality of measurement signals representing scattered radiation of a plurality of different variations of a measurement condition of the metrology apparatus to measure the structure, wherein each of the plurality of measurement signals results from a different measurement of the structure performed under a different variation of the measurement condition;
determining, by a hardware processor, a correction to compensate for an effect of the measurement condition based on the plurality of measurement signal
performing, by the hardware processor, a reconstruction of a mathematical model of the structure using the correction to reduce a merit function indicating an influence of variations of the measurement condition based on the reconstruction; and
repeating, by the hardware processor, the determining and performing until the merit function converges on a solution with a preset accuracy.

US Pat. No. 10,394,134

EXPOSURE METHOD, EXPOSURE APPARATUS, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ARTICLE

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An exposure method for repeatedly performing an exposure process for exposing a substrate via a projection optical system, the method comprising:a first exposure process for measuring optical characteristics of the projection optical system, and exposing the substrate while correcting the optical characteristics based on a result of the measurement;
a second exposure process for exposing the substrate while correcting the optical characteristics based on a result of estimating the optical characteristics by a prediction formula,
wherein the first exposure process includes determining a coefficient of the prediction formula from a result of measuring the optical characteristics up until the present, and judging whether the determined coefficient of the prediction formula has converged, and
wherein in the exposure method, the first exposure process is repeatedly performed, and the second exposure process is started after the first exposure process where it is judged that the determined coefficient of the prediction formula has converged.

US Pat. No. 10,394,133

LASER UNIT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

GIGAPHOTON INC., Tochigi...

1. A laser unit management system, comprising:a server configured to hold first information, second information, and third information, the first information being provided with access limitation that allows an access with a first access authorization, the second information being provided with access limitation that allows an access with a second access authorization, and the third information being provided with access limitation that allows both an access with the first access authorization and an access with the second access authorization; and
a laser unit including a laser output section and a controller,
the laser output section being configured to output pulsed laser light toward an exposure unit that is configured to perform wafer exposure,
the controller being configured to receive a light emission trigger signal from the exposure unit, control the laser output section based on the light emission trigger signal, and store the first information, the second information, and the third information in the server,
wherein the second information includes wafer-exposure-related information on the exposure unit and laser-control-related information on the laser unit that are in association with each other, the wafer-exposure-related information including wafer-identification information and scan-identification information both received from the exposure unit, the wafer-identification information being related to a wafer on which the wafer exposure is to be performed, and the scan-identification information being related to scan exposure included in the wafer exposure.

US Pat. No. 10,394,132

METROLOGY ROBUSTNESS BASED ON THROUGH-WAVELENGTH SIMILARITY

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method comprising:obtaining a measurement result from a target on a substrate, by using a substrate measurement recipe;
determining, by a hardware computer system, a parameter value from the measurement result, wherein the parameter characterizes dependence of the measurement result on an optical path length of the target for incident radiation used in accordance with the substrate measurement recipe and the determining the parameter value comprises determining dependence of the measurement result on a relative change of wavelength of the incident radiation; and
responsive to the parameter value not being within a specified range, adjusting the substrate measurement recipe.

US Pat. No. 10,394,131

IMAGE LOG SLOPE (ILS) OPTIMIZATION

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method to improve a lithographic process of imaging a portion of a design layout onto a substrate using a lithographic apparatus, the method comprising:computing, by a hardware computer, a multi-variable cost function, the multi-variable cost function comprising a function expressing a size or edge location characteristic of an aerial image or resist image of the design layout summed with a function pertaining to stochastic variation of a characteristic of the aerial or resist image, the function pertaining to stochastic variation being a function expressing the stochastic variation, or being a function of a variable that is a function of the stochastic variation, or being a function of a variable that affects the stochastic variation, the stochastic variation being a function of a plurality of design variables that represent one or more characteristics of the lithographic process; and
reconfiguring one or more of the characteristics of the lithographic process by adjusting one or more of the design variables until a certain termination condition is satisfied.

US Pat. No. 10,394,130

QUARTER WAVE LIGHT SPLITTING

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. An image projection system, comprising:at least one light source;
a multiple digital micromirror device (DMD) assembly configured to project a plurality of superimposed images on a substrate via write beams from the light source, the multiple DMD assembly comprising:
a plurality of DMDs; and
a light altering device configured to alter the light provided from the light source, wherein the light altering device is a diagonal prism frame configured to reflect a p-polarization beam and transmit through an s-polarization beam;
a mirror positioned to reflect the write beams from the light source to the multiple DMD assembly; and
a light dump adjacent the multiple DMD assembly and configured to receive the s-polarization beam from the multiple DMD assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,394,129

MICROLITHOGRAPHIC ILLUMINATION UNIT

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. A microlithographic illumination unit configured to be used in post-exposure of a photoresist provided supported by a wafer in a microlithography process, comprising:a light source configured to generate electromagnetic radiation; and
a light-guiding and light-mixing element configured to couple the electromagnetic radiation into the photoresist supported by the wafer,
wherein:
the light-guiding and light-mixing element has first, second, third and fourth sides;
the first side is opposite the second side;
the third side is opposite the fourth side;
a maximum spacing between the first and second sides has a first value;
a maximum spacing between the third and fourth sides has a second value;
the microlithographic illumination unit is configured so that, during use, multiple reflections of the electromagnetic radiation occur on the first and second sides;
a maximum extent of the light-guiding and light-mixing element in a light propagation direction of the electromagnetic radiation has a third value;
the third value is greater than the first value; and
the third value is less than the second value.

US Pat. No. 10,394,128

METHOD FOR PREDICTING AT LEAST ONE ILLUMINATION PARAMETER FOR EVALUATING AN ILLUMINATION SETTING

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. A method for predicting an illumination parameter for evaluating an illumination setting for illuminating an object field of a projection exposure apparatus, the projection exposure apparatus comprising an illumination optical unit comprising a facet element for generating a plurality of illumination settings with a plurality of illumination channels, the method comprising:calibrating a model for predicting a plurality of illumination parameters depending on the illumination setting by:
determining a first set of correction terms on the basis of system data of the illumination optical unit;
using the first set of correction terms for prediction values of a first subset of the illumination parameters;
measuring actual values of the illumination parameters for a number of calibration settings;
determining a second set of correction terms on the basis of the measured actual values;
using the second set of correction terms for prediction values of a second subset of the illumination parameters; and
updating the model taking into account the first and second sets of correction terms; and
using the model to predict an illumination parameter for an illumination setting which is not contained in the set of calibration settings.

US Pat. No. 10,394,127

PATTERN FORMING METHOD AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTRONIC DEVICE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A pattern forming method comprising:a step (1) of forming a film using an actinic ray-sensitive or radiation-sensitive resin composition including a resin having an acid-decomposable repeating unit capable of decomposing by the action of an acid to generate an acid having a pKa of 3.0 or less;
a step (2) of exposing the film using actinic rays or radiation; and
a step (3) of carrying out development using a developer including an organic solvent after the exposure to form a negative tone pattern,
wherein the acid-decomposable repeating unit capable of decomposing by the action of an acid to generate an acid having a pKa of 3.0 or less is represented by General Formula (1-1),

in the formula,
Ra and Rb each independently represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, or a cyano group,
Rc represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent,
L1 represents a single bond or a linking group selected from the group consisting of an arylene group, an alkylene group, a cycloalkylene group, —O—, —S—, —SO2—, —CO—, —N(R33)—, or a combination thereof, wherein R33 represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an alkenyl group, an aryl group, or an aralkyl group,
in a case where Rc is the substituent and L1 is the linking group, Rc and L1 may be bonded to each other to form a ring, and
X represents a group capable of leaving by the action of an acid and has a total number of carbon atoms and oxygen atoms of 4 or less.

US Pat. No. 10,394,126

PHOTOLITHOGRAPHY PROCESS AND MATERIALS

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A method comprising:exposing a photoresist layer to a radiation source; and
developing the photoresist layer to form a patterned photoresist layer, wherein the developing includes applying a developing solution that comprises a hardening agent, and wherein the developing results in a first portion of the photoresist layer having a higher glass transition temperature (Tg) or a higher mechanical strength than a second portion of the photoresist layer.

US Pat. No. 10,394,125

COATING AND DEVELOPING METHOD AND COATING AND DEVELOPING APPARATUS

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

1. A coating and developing method comprising:a step that applies a resist containing a metal to a front surface of a substrate to form a resist film, and exposes the resist film;
a developing step that supplies a developer to the front surface of the substrate to develop the resist film; and
a step that forms, before the developing step, a first protective film on a peripheral part of the substrate on which the resist film is not formed, so as to prevent the developer from coming into contact with the peripheral part of the substrate, wherein the first protective film is formed at least on a peripheral end surface and a peripheral portion of a rear surface of the substrate in the peripheral part of the substrate,
wherein the step that forms the first protective film includes:
a step that forms, before applying the resist to the substrate, a second protective film on the peripheral end surface and the peripheral portion of the rear surface of the substrate, the second protective film being capable of preventing the resist from being supplied onto the peripheral end surface and the peripheral portion of the rear surface of the substrate;
a step that removes, before the resist film is exposed, the second protective film formed on the peripheral portion of the rear surface of the substrate while leaving the second protective film formed on the peripheral end surface,
a step that forms a third protective film on the peripheral portion of the rear surface of the substrate, before the developer is supplied to the peripheral portion of the rear surface of the substrate;
wherein the first protective film is composed of the second protective film left on the peripheral end surface of the substrate and the third protective film, and
wherein the third protective film is a liquid film, which is formed of a process liquid supplied onto the peripheral portion of the rear surface of the substrate that is rotating.

US Pat. No. 10,394,124

RESIST UNDERLAYER FILM-FORMING COMPOSITION CONTAINING POLYMER HAVING ARYLENE GROUP

NISSAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRIE...

1. A resist underlayer film-forming composition comprising:a solvent; and
a polymer having a unit structure of the following Formula (1):

where:
each of R1 to R4 is independently a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, and
X1 is an organic group of Formula (2):

where:
A1 is a phenylene group or a naphthylene group,
a dotted line is a bond, and
A2 is a phenylene group, a naphthylene group, or an organic group of Formula (3):

where:
each of A3 and A4 is independently a phenylene group or a naphthylene group, and
a dotted line is a bond.

US Pat. No. 10,394,123

BLOCKING LAYER MATERIAL COMPOSITION AND METHODS THEREOF IN SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURING

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

17. A method for lithography patterning, comprising:forming a first photoresist layer over a substrate;
forming a blocking layer on the first photoresist layer, the blocking layer including a chelate group, an acid labile group, a polymer backbone, and a photo-acid generator, wherein the chelate group is bonded to a top surface of the first photoresist layer;
forming a second photoresist layer on the blocking layer, wherein a portion of the blocking layer that is not bonded to the top surface of the first photoresist layer is removed by a solvent of the second photoresist layer;
performing a first exposing process to the second photoresist layer;
developing the second photoresist layer, thereby forming a patterned second photoresist layer;
performing a second exposing process to the first photoresist layer through openings in the patterned second photoresist layer;
developing the first photoresist layer, thereby forming a patterned first photoresist layer;
transferring a pattern to the substrate using at least the patterned first photoresist layer as a mask; and
removing the first photoresist layer in a solvent stripping process.

US Pat. No. 10,394,122

RESIST COMPOSITION, METHOD FOR FORMING RESIST PATTERN, COMPOUND, AND ACID GENERATOR

TOYKO OHKA KOGYO CO., LTD...

1. A resist composition which generates an acid upon exposure and changes a solubility in a developing solution under the action of an acid, the resist composition comprising:a base material component (A) whose solubility in the developing solution changes under the action of an acid; and
an acid generator component (B) which generates an acid upon exposure and contains a compound (B1) represented by general formula (b1):
Rb1—Yb1—Vb1—CF2—SO3?(Mm+)1/m  (b1)
wherein Rb1 represents an aromatic hydrocarbon group having at least one t-butyl group as a substituent, Yb1 represents a divalent linking group represented by general formula (y-al-1), (y-al-2), (y-al-3), (y-al-5), or (y-al-7) below, Vb1 represents an alkylene group, or a single bond, m is an integer of 1 or more, and Mm+ represents an m-valent organic cation
wherein V?101 is a single bond or an alkylene group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, and V?102 is a divalent saturated hydrocarbon group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms.

US Pat. No. 10,394,116

SEMICONDUCTOR FABRICATION DESIGN RULE LOOPHOLE CHECKING FOR DESIGN FOR MANUFACTURABILITY OPTIMIZATION

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A system for optimizing fabrication of a wafer, the system comprising:a memory; and
a processor coupled with the memory, the processor configured to:
generate a process assumption band for an element of the wafer, the process assumption band depicting a shape of the element based on a set of process variations in a photolithographic process used for fabricating the wafer;
generate a process variation band for the element of the wafer based on an optical process correction simulation of the photolithographic process using design rules associated with the wafer;
determine a target band for the element, the target band comprising an on-wafer polygon of a circuit design layout;
determine a relation between the process assumption band and the process variation band based on the target band;
responsive to determining that the process variation band is outside the process assumption band with respect to the target band, identify a space rule to check at a location of the target band;
responsive to determining that the process assumption band is outside the process variation band with respect to the target band, identify an enclosure rule to check at a location of the target band;
recalculate one or more design rules from the design rules associated with the wafer based on a check of the space rule or the enclosure rule; and
update a circuit design of the wafer in response to the process variation band not being changeable to match the process assumption band.

US Pat. No. 10,394,115

METHOD FOR VERIFYING MASK DATA IN COMPUTING DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for verifying mask data in a computing device, comprising:obtaining layout data for a layout of a semiconductor device;
obtaining optical proximity corrected (OPCed) layout data obtained by performing an optical proximity correction on the layout data;
obtaining mask data for a mask used to manufacture the semiconductor device;
determining whether a scattering bar exists in the mask data;
when the scattering bar does not exist in the mask data, determining whether an interaction occurs once between a pattern corresponding to the optical proximity corrected layout data and a pattern corresponding to the mask data; and
when as a determination result, the interaction does not occur once, detecting an error of the mask data.

US Pat. No. 10,394,114

CHROMELESS PHASE SHIFT MASK STRUCTURE AND PROCESS

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. A phase shift mask (PSM), comprising:a transparent substrate;
an etch stop layer disposed on the substrate, wherein the etch stop layer includes at least one of ruthenium oxide, tungsten nitride, and titanium nitride and is doped with at least one of phosphorous (P), calcium (Ca), and sodium (Na); and
a material layer disposed on the etch stop layer and patterned to have an opening, wherein the etch stop layer completely covers a portion of the transparent substrate within the opening and wherein the material layer is designed to provide a phase shift, further designed to provide a transmittance larger than 90%, and selected according to including an attenuation coefficient and a thickness of the material layer, and wherein the PSM is substantially transparent to a light radiation during a lithography process.

US Pat. No. 10,394,112

VEHICLE INCLUDING VIDEO PROJECTOR MOUNTED TO LIFT GATE OR ROOF

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle, comprising:a liftgate rotatable between a closed position and an open position; and
a video projector mounted to the liftgate, wherein the video projector is configured to project video in a direction away from the vehicle when the liftgate is in the open position.

US Pat. No. 10,394,111

LIGHT ASSEMBLY FOR A PROJECTOR

1. A light assembly configured to be installed in a movie theatre projector, the light assembly comprising:an adaptor configured to mechanically couple to a bulb mount of the movie theatre projector;
an emitter housing that comprises a Light Emitting Diode (LED) emitter plate;
at least one LED directly or indirectly attached to the LED emitter plate and configured to emit a beam of light;
a cooling assembly configured to dissipate heat from the LED emitter plate; and
a lens assembly configured to adjust the size or pitch of the beam, the lens assembly comprising:
a concave adjustor comprising a concave lens configured to spread the beam emitted from the at least one LED; and
a convex adjustor comprising a convex lens configured to collimate light received from the concave lens,
wherein the concave adjustor is movably attached to the emitter housing and the convex adjustor, and wherein the lens assembly is configured to be manipulated to adjust a distance between the concave lens and the convex lens, thereby adjusting the size or pitch of the beam.

US Pat. No. 10,394,110

PHOSPHOR WHEEL MODULE, LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE, AND PROJECTION DISPLAY APPARATUS

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A phosphor wheel module, comprising:a rotatable substrate having a rotation center; and
a phosphor region disposed on a surface of the substrate, the phosphor region including a phosphor disposed on at least a part of a circumference of a circle having a first radius from the rotation center,
wherein the substrate includes:
a ventilation region including a plurality of openings located closer to the rotation center than the phosphor region, each of the plurality of openings being a through-hole; and
a heat conduction region located farther away from the rotation center than the phosphor region;
wherein an area of the heat conduction region is equal to or larger than a sum total of areas of the plurality of the openings.

US Pat. No. 10,394,109

PROJECTOR SUSPENSION DEVICE

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A projector suspension device for a projector comprising:a base configured to be fixed to a wall surface;
a support member extending from the base, the support member configured to support the projector; and
an adjustment mechanism configured to adjust a rotation of the projector and a position of the projector, the adjustment mechanism including
a first slide substrate configured to slide with respect to the support member in a first direction perpendicular to the wall surface and adjust the position of the projector in the first direction, the first slide substrate configured to be fixed to the support member,
a substrate configured to be fixed to the first slide substrate,
a first rotating substrate connected to the substrate, the first rotating substrate configured to rotate with respect to the substrate,
a second rotating substrate connected to the first rotating substrate, the second rotating substrate configured to rotate with respect to the first rotating substrate about an axis that is parallel to the wall surface and perpendicular to a plane surface of the substrate, and
a turning member configured to adjust a rotation of the second rotating substrate, the turning member having a rotating pivot which is perpendicular to the base,
wherein
the second rotating substrate is configured to rotate about the axis by rotation of the turning member, and
the rotating pivot of the turning member is parallel to the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,394,108

CORNER-ORIENTED HIGH-DEFINITION PYLON-MOUNTED CAMERAS

Admiral Video, LLC, Lanc...

1. A pylon-mounted camera assembly, comprising:a pylon positionable on a ground surface, the pylon including a first face and a second face adjacent to the first face, the first face and the second face forming a first corner;
a first aperture arranged on a portion of and centered about the first corner; and,
a first camera positioned within the first aperture, the first camera facing outwardly from the pylon.

US Pat. No. 10,394,106

UNDERWATER VIDEO HOUSINGS AND IMAGING SYSTEMS WITH LIGHT CONTAMINATION MITIGATION

1. An integrated underwater imaging device, comprising:a camera including an imager;
an integral transparent optical port having flat polished inner and outer mating surfaces, wherein the port allows light from a light source within the housing to exit the housing to illuminate an exterior area of interest, and light exterior to the housing to be directed to the camera, which is positioned within the housing;
one or more LED light sources positioned in the housing back from the integral transparent optical port inner mating surface;
one or more light pipes positioned in the housing between the LED light sources and the transparent optical port inner mating surface;
a housing body having a mating surface adjacent to the port inner mating surface, the housing body including one or more internal volumes for containing the LED light sources for providing the light output and one or more internal volumes for containing the camera;
a port retaining element for positioning and retaining the port to or within the housing body;
a first and a second elastomeric optically absorbent material, having a substantially uniform thickness and a width to thickness ratio greater than 10 to 1, for absorbing light reflections within the port;
wherein the first optically absorbent material is positioned and retained in optical contact with the outer mating surface of the port; and
wherein the second optically absorbent material is positioned and retained in optical contact with the inner mating surface of the port; and
wherein the first and/or second optically absorbent materials include a plurality of light transmission openings through which light from the light source exits the housing and light exterior to the housing enters the housing to be directed to the camera.

US Pat. No. 10,394,105

PORTABLE APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING ACOUSTIC AND/OR WEATHER SHIELDING FOR AUDIO AND/OR VIDEO RECORDING DEVICES

1. A portable apparatus for providing acoustic and/or weather shielding for audio and/or video recording devices, the apparatus comprising:a collapsible housing case having a top panel, two side panels each attached to opposite sides of the top panel, and a rear panel attached to the top panel;
a rigid side support attached to each side panel;
a mounting bar that is attachable to each of the rigid side supports; and
at least one sound absorbing inner liner arranged on an interior side of the top panel, the two side panels and the rear panel,
wherein the rigid side support comprises a mounting bracket, and wherein an orientation of the apparatus is adjustable via the mounting bracket.

US Pat. No. 10,394,104

LIGHT AMOUNT ADJUSTMENT APPARATUS AND OPTICAL APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A light amount adjustment apparatus comprising:an aperture unit including a plurality of blade members and a movable member, the plurality of blade members forming an aperture, the movable member being capable of changing a size of the aperture formed by the plurality of blade members;
a driving unit including a driving shaft and configured to drive the movable member; and
a detection unit including a detection target member and a detection sensor, and configured to detect a driving amount of the driving unit by detecting a driving amount of the detection target member with use of the detection sensor,
wherein at least a part of the aperture unit, at least a part of the driving unit, and at least a part of the detection unit overlap one another, as viewed in a direction along a central axis of the aperture,
wherein the detection target member is engaged with the driving shaft, and
wherein an outer diameter of the detection unit is smaller than an outer diameter of the driving unit.

US Pat. No. 10,394,103

IMAGING APPARATUS AND METHOD HAVING AN IMAGE PROCESSING MODULE RECONSTRUCTING A THREE DIMENSIONAL IMAGE FROM TWO DIMENSIONAL IMAGE DATA USING A GHOST IMAGING ALGORITHM

BAE Systems plc, London ...

1. An imaging apparatus mounted on a host platform having an external surface, the external surface comprising a first surface facing a first direction and a second surface facing a second direction, the second direction being different from the first direction, the imaging apparatus comprising:a first and second plurality of single pixel detectors distributed about said external surface such that the first plurality of single pixel detectors are distributed over the first surface and the second plurality of single pixel detectors are distributed over the second surface,
each of the single pixel detectors being configured to receive radiation reflected by an object or region of interest and to generate two-dimensional image data representative thereof; and
an image processing module configured to receive said two-dimensional image data from each of a plurality of said single pixel detectors selected from among said first and second pluralities of single pixel detectors, and to reconstruct therefrom a three-dimensional image of said object or region of interest using a ghost imaging algorithm.

US Pat. No. 10,394,102

COMPACT INFRARED BROADBAND SOURCE

The Government of the Uni...

1. A device for generating a supercontinuum in an infrared fiber with a light source, comprising:a pulsed microchip laser having an input laser bandwidth, wherein said pulsed microchip laser has a pulse duration between 40 ps and 5 ns; and
an infrared fiber, wherein said infrared fiber is a chalcogenide glass fiber, wherein said pulsed microchip laser is launched directly into said infrared fiber without a nonlinear element, and wherein light from said pulsed microchip laser is beyond the two-photon absorption of said infrared fiber; and
a broadband output having a bandwidth greater than said input laser bandwidth by at least 100% and an emission wavelength range from 2 to 14 micrometers.

US Pat. No. 10,394,101

BACKLIGHT MODULE, DISPLAY APPARATUS AND ILLUMINATION APPARATUS

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A backlight module comprising:a light guide plate;
a light emitting diode arranged above the light guide plate;
an optical film layer arranged above the light emitting diode;
a film of material with a polarization orientation arranged on a side of the optical film layer facing way from the light guide plate;
a liquid crystal cell arranged on a side of the film of material facing away from the light guide plate; and
a polarizer arranged on a side of the liquid crystal cell facing away from the light guide plate, the liquid crystal cell being between the polarizer and the film of material,
wherein the liquid crystal cell comprises an upper electrode, a lower electrode and a liquid crystal layer between the upper electrode and the lower electrode, and the liquid crystal layer is capable of changing polarization state of a light passing through the liquid crystal cell by control of a voltage applied between the upper electrode and the lower electrode, and
wherein no polarizers are provided between the liquid crystal cell and the film of material.

US Pat. No. 10,394,100

LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL AND ARRAY SUBSTRATE THEREOF

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. An array substrate, comprising:a transparent baseplate, wherein the transparent baseplate comprises pixel regions on one surface thereof, and the pixel regions each comprise a white sub-pixel region, a first primary color sub-pixel region, a second primary color sub-pixel region and a third primary color sub-pixel region;
a plurality of pixel electrodes that are arranged in the white sub-pixel region, the first primary color sub-pixel region, the second primary color sub-pixel region and the third primary color sub-pixel region respectively; and
a plurality of switching elements that are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the pixel electrodes and configured lo switch the corresponding pixel electrodes,
wherein the while sub-pixel region is provided with a plurality of switching elements;
wherein the array substrate further comprises a plurality of scanning lines extending along a horizontal direction of the array substrate and arranged in sequence along a vertical direction thereof, and a plurality of data lines extending along a vertical direction of the array substrate and arranged in sequence along a horizontal direction thereof,
wherein the white sub-pixel region, the first primary color sub-pixel region, the second primary color sub-pixel region and the third primary color sub-pixel region each are a minimum grid of rectangular grids divided by the data lines and the scanning lines.

US Pat. No. 10,394,099

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL WITH MULTIPLE SUB-COMMON ELECTRODES AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A liquid crystal display panel, comprising an array substrate having gate lines and an opposed substrate disposed opposite to the array substrate with a common electrode disposed on the array substrate or the opposed substrate,wherein the common electrode comprises a plurality of sub-common electrodes arranged side by side in an extending direction of gate lines; different common electrode signals are applied to the plurality of different sub-common electrodes respectively, and magnitudes of the different common electrode signals applied to the plurality of different sub-common electrodes gradually increase in a transmitting direction of gate signals over the gate lines;
a width of each sub-common electrode in the extending direction of a gate line is inversely proportional to a distance between the sub-common electrode and a gate signal input end of the gate line.

US Pat. No. 10,394,098

CONDUCTIVE PATTERN STRUCTURE AND ITS ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An array substrate, comprising a base substrate, a gate electrode, a gate insulating layer, an active layer, a first source drain electrode, a second source drain electrode, an organic insulating layer, a passivation layer, a first electrode, a second electrode, a gate line, a data line and a common electrode line, wherein one or more of the gate electrode, the gate line, the first source drain electrode, the second source drain electrode, the data line and the common electrode line in the array substrate is a conductive pattern structure comprising a first metal layer and a second metal layer stacked in turn,wherein the second metal layer covers an upper surface and all side surfaces of the first metal layer, and
the metal of the first metal layer is the copper-based metal, and the metal of the second metal layer comprises at least one of gold, silver, platinum and palladium; or the metal of the first metal layer is the silver-based metal, and the metal of the second metal layer comprises at least one of platinum and palladium.

US Pat. No. 10,394,097

ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY PANEL

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. An array substrate, comprising a plurality of pixel units arranged in an array, each of the pixel units comprising a common electrode, a first insulation layer, a sub pixel electrode, a second insulation layer, and a conductor plate that are sequentially stacked, the conductor plate being electrically connected to the common electrode, wherein the common electrode and the sub pixel electrode collectively form a first confronting area therebetween and the conductor plate and the sub pixel electrode collectively form a second confronting area therebetween such that a storage capacitor is formed, collectively, between the common electrode and the sub pixel electrode and between the conductor plate and the sub pixel electrode;wherein each of the pixel units comprises a light-transmitting area and a light-shielding area arranged on a periphery of the light-transmitting area, the sub pixel electrode being located in the light-shielding area, the array substrate further comprising a main pixel electrode located in the light-transmitting area, the main pixel electrode being electrically connected to the sub pixel electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,394,096

DISPLAY PANEL

INNOLUX CORPORATION, Mia...

1. A display panel, comprising:a first substrate including a plurality of scan lines and a plurality of data lines, wherein the plurality of scan lines and the plurality of data lines are substantially perpendicular to each other to define a pixel matrix, the pixel matrix includes a plurality of pixel areas, and the plurality of scan lines extend along a first direction;
a second substrate disposed opposite to the first substrate, wherein the second substrate has a first surface closer to the first substrate; and
a black matrix disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate, and comprising:
a plurality of first parts, wherein one of the plurality of first parts extends along the first direction and is disposed between two adjacent pixel areas of the plurality of pixel areas, and the one of the plurality of first parts has a second surface closer to the first surface; and
a second part connected to the one of the plurality of first parts and extending along a second direction, wherein the second direction is different from the first direction, the second part has a third surface closer to the first surface, an end edge of an end of the second part is not parallel to a first edge of the one of the plurality of first parts, and there are at least three different distances between the end edge and the first edge,
wherein a vertical distance from the second surface to the first surface is defined as a first distance, a vertical distance from the third surface to the first surface defines as a second distance, and the second distance is different from the first distance.

US Pat. No. 10,394,095

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A liquid crystal display comprising:a first substrate including a plurality of thin film transistors, a blue color filter, a plurality of red color filters, a plurality of green color filters and a plurality of gate lines extending in a first direction;
a second substrate facing the first substrate; and
a liquid crystal layer formed between the first substrate and the second substrate,
wherein the blue color filter includes a plurality of first portions extending in the first direction, and a plurality of second portions extending in a second direction substantially perpendicular to the first direction and connected to the plurality of first portions in order to
form a plurality of openings,
wherein one of the plurality of red color filters and one of the plurality of green color filters are disposed in one opening of the plurality of openings,
wherein each of the plurality of openings has two different color filters therein,
wherein the plurality of first portions overlap the plurality of thin film transistors, and
wherein a region of the plurality of first portions overlapping the plurality of thin film transistors does not overlap any of the plurality of red color filters and the plurality of green color filters.

US Pat. No. 10,394,094

DISPLAY DEVICE

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A display device comprising:a display area where images are displayed;
a non-display area that is outside the display area;
a signal processor in the non-display area that drives the display area to generate the images;
a light blocking portion disposed in at least the non-display area to block light;
a narrow line portion in a substantially triangular shape disposed in the non-display area between the signal processor and the display area and including narrow lines that spread outwardly with increasing distance from the signal processor, are arranged at intervals, and do not cross one another; and
a wide line portion disposed in a substantially triangular-island shape in the non-display area between the signal processor, the display area, and the narrow line portion, and having a width greater than that of the narrow line portion and including empty portions; wherein
the narrow line portion includes empty parts between directly adjacent ones of the narrow lines that do not cross one another, and a ratio of an area of the empty portions to an area of the wide line portion is substantially equal to a ratio of an area of the empty parts to an area of the narrow line portion; and
the narrow lines within the narrow line portion are not electrically connected to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,394,092

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display substrate, comprising:a base substrate, and
a sensing electrode layer located on a first side of the base substrate,
wherein the sensing electrode layer comprises a sensing electrode and a dummy pattern, the dummy pattern comprising dummy sub-patterns arranged into columns, each dummy sub-pattern having a first border defining the dummy sub-pattern in a column direction, and first borders of respective dummy sub-patterns being non-periodically arranged,
wherein each dummy sub-pattern has a second border defining the dummy sub-pattern in a row direction, the second border is formed into a polygonal line, and corners of the polygonal line are covered by a black matrix,
wherein two adjacent strips of the black matrix and two adjacent polygonal lines define a preset number of pixel regions in the column direction, where the preset number is a positive integer, and
wherein the black matrix is located on a second side of the base substrate opposite to the first side where the sensing electrode layer is located.

US Pat. No. 10,394,091

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:a liquid crystal layer between a first substrate and a second substrate;
a plurality of gate lines and a plurality of data lines on the first substrate, the data lines crossing a plurality of rows; and
a plurality of pixels connected to the plurality of gate lines and the plurality of data lines, the plurality of pixels including a pixel electrode and a switching element connected to the pixel electrode, wherein
pixel electrodes in one of an odd-numbered row and an even-numbered row are in odd-numbered columns, respectively,
pixel electrodes in the other of the odd-numbered row and the even numbered row are in even-numbered columns, respectively,
one pixel electrode in a first row of two adjacent rows is connected to one switching element,
at least one portions of the one switching element is between two adjacent pixel electrodes in a second row of the two adjacent rows,
the one switching element includes a gate electrode connected to one of the gate lines, and
a size of the one pixel electrode is less than a size of the gate electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,394,090

DISPLAY PANEL AND MANUFACTURE METHOD THEREOF, DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display panel, divided into a plurality of sub-pixel units, and comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate, arranged opposite to each other,
a plurality of main spacers, arranged between the first substrate and the second substrate to support the first substrate and the second substrate;
wherein the plurality of sub-pixel units comprise a plurality of first sub-pixel units and a plurality of second sub-pixel units, the plurality of first sub-pixel units are adjacent to any one of the main spacers and are arranged in a single-domain structure, and the plurality of second sub-pixel units are not adjacent to any one of the main spacers and are arranged in a multi-domain structure.

US Pat. No. 10,394,089

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display substrate comprising:a base substrate;
a switching device disposed on the base substrate, and comprising:
a gate electrode electrically connected to a gate line extending in a first direction;
a source electrode electrically connected to a data line extending in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction; and
a drain electrode spaced apart from the source electrode; and
a pixel electrode electrically connected to the switching device, and comprising:
a first sub pixel electrode comprising:
an internal electrode comprising:
a support electrode portion extending in the second direction; and
a horizontal internal branch electrode portion extending in the first direction; and
an external electrode comprising:
a horizontal external branch electrode portion disposed outside the internal electrode and extending in the first direction; and
a vertical external branch electrode portion disposed outside the internal electrode and extending in the second direction; and
a second sub pixel electrode adjacent to the first sub pixel electrode and having a shape symmetrical to that of the first sub pixel electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,394,088

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A liquid crystal display panel, comprising a first substrate and a second substrate that are opposite to each other, the first substrate comprising a first surface and a second surface that are opposite to each other, the second substrate comprising a third surface and a fourth surface that are opposite to each other, the third surface being adjacent to the first surface, the first surface of the first substrate comprising a main photo spacer, a first sub photo spacer, and a second sub photo spacer formed thereon, wherein the main photo spacer, the first sub photo spacer, and the second sub photo spacer having ends that are adjacent to the third surface and are spaced from the third surface by different distances;wherein the main photo spacer, the first sub photo spacer, and the second sub photo spacer have heights that are identical so that the ends of the main photo spacer, the first sub photo spacer, and the second sub photo spacer are spaced from a flat plane that is substantially parallel with the third surface by a predetermined distance that is identical to each of the main photo spacer, the first sub photo spacer, and the second sub photo spacer;
wherein the third surface of the second substrate comprises a first accommodation section and a second accommodation section respectively corresponding to the first sub photo spacer and the second sub photo spacer, wherein the first accommodation section comprises a first recessed groove formed on the third surface and the second accommodation section comprises a second recessed groove formed on the third surface, each of the first and second recessed grooves being formed by recessing the flat plane such that the first and second recessed grooves have bottoms recessed from the flat plane by a first depth and a second depth respectively, the first depth and the second depth being not zero depths, the first depth being different from the second depth, such that a first distance between the end of main photo spacer and the flat plane, a second distance between the end of the first sub photo spacer and the bottom of the first recessed groove, which is a combination of the first distance and the first depth, and a third distance between the end of the second sub photo spacer and the bottom of the second recessed groove, which is a combination of the first distance and the second depth, are different from each other, and the second distance and the third distance are both greater than the first distance;
wherein the first and second depths of the bottoms of the first and second recessed grooves are different and the first and second sub photo spacers have identical heights so that the second distance between the first sub photo spacer and the bottom of the first recessed groove is greater than the third distance between the second sub photo spacer and the bottom of the second recessed groove, wherein the first distance is of a smallest value among the first, second, and third distances, and the second distance is of a greatest value among the first, second, and third distances; and
wherein the main photo spacer, the first sub photo spacer, and the second sub photo spacer are each multiple in number and the number of the first sub photo spacer is greater than the number of the second sub photo spacer and the number of the second sub photo spacer is greater than the number of the main photo spacer, such that the number of the main photo spacer of which the first distance is of a smallest value among the first, second, and third distances is smaller than the number of second sub photo spacer, which is in turn smaller than the number of the first sub photo spacer of which the second distance is of a greatest value among the first, second, and third distances.

US Pat. No. 10,394,087

DISPLAY PANEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A display panel, comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate, provided opposite to the first substrate; and
an adsorption spacer, provided between the first substrate and the second substrate, wherein the adsorption spacer is provided with an adsorption portion, the first substrate and the second substrate are cell-assembled together through a vacuum adsorption effect of the adsorption spacer, the adsorption portion comprises a vacuum chamber in a case that the first substrate and the second substrate are cell-assembled together, and the adsorption spacer is configured to support a cell gap; the adsorption spacer is formed at a periphery of the display panel, and no sealant is located at the periphery of the display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,394,086

DISPLAY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device, comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate, each including a transparent encapsulation area;
an outer sealant along a side of the transparent encapsulation area;
a pattern part disposed on the first substrate and extending in a direction parallel to the outer sealant; and
a transparent sealant adjacent to the pattern part and extending in a direction parallel to the pattern part, the pattern part being between the transparent sealant and the outer sealant,
wherein the first substrate further includes a light blocking member including an opening, and
wherein the transparent sealant includes an area overlapping the opening.

US Pat. No. 10,394,085

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

15. A display substrate, comprising:a base substrate and an opposite substrate, the base substrate and the opposite substrate being aligned to each other at four edges;
a sealant, arranged between the base substrate and the opposite substrate and an edge of the sealant is flush with the edge of the base substrate and the edge of the opposite substrate;
a first light shielding pattern that is provided on the base substrate at a side facing the opposite substrate, and in direct contact with the sealant; and
a second light shielding pattern that is provided on the base substrate at a side away from the opposite substrate, wherein an edge of the second light shielding pattern is flush with the edge of the base substrate,
wherein the base substrate consists of a center region and a periphery region, the center region has four edges having a predetermined distance to the four edges of the base substrate, the first light shielding pattern is a pattern that is formed throughout the center region,
wherein the width of the second light shielding pattern ranges from 0.3 mm to 0.4 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,394,084

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A liquid crystal display (LCD) comprising:a thin-film transistor (TFT) array substrate;
a counter substrate facing the TFT array substrate;
a liquid crystal layer comprising liquid crystal molecules having negative dielectric anisotropy and disposed between the TFT array substrate and the counter substrate;
a first liquid crystal alignment base layer disposed between the liquid crystal layer and the counter substrate and comprising a first compound;
a first liquid crystal alignment stabilization layer comprising first protrusions comprising first polymers of reactive mesogens disposed on a surface of the first liquid crystal alignment base layer, wherein the first protrusions are separated from each other;
a second liquid crystal alignment base layer disposed between the liquid crystal layer and the TFT array substrate and comprising a second compound different from the first compound; and
a second liquid crystal alignment stabilization layer comprising second protrusions comprising second polymers of reactive mesogens and disposed on a surface of the second liquid crystal alignment base layer,
wherein the second protrusions do not comprise the first polymers of reactive mesogens, and the second polymers of reactive mesogens are different from the first polymers of reactive mesogens, and
wherein the first liquid crystal alignment base layer further comprises a radical collector and a concentration of the radical collector is relatively higher in the first liquid crystal alignment base layer than in the second liquid crystal alignment base layer, wherein the radical collector is one or more of C1-C10 alkylamine, arylamine, heterocyclic amine, furan, and thiophene.

US Pat. No. 10,394,083

ORIENTED FILM, POLYMER, AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An alignment film for aligning liquid crystal molecules comprising:a polymer,
wherein the polymer is a polysiloxane and comprises a silsesquioxane group, wherein the silsesquioxane group is a group represented by the following formula (I):

wherein R1s are the same as or different from each other and each is a monovalent organic group and R2 is any one of formulae (III) to (XI):

wherein n is an integer of 1 to 16; and Me is a methyl group,
wherein the polymer further comprises an ester group,
wherein the polymer is a polysiloxane copolymer represented by the following formula containing a monomer unit:

wherein A's are the same as or different from each other and each is a direct bond or a divalent organic group,
wherein m is greater than 0 and p is greater than 1.

US Pat. No. 10,394,082

CURVED DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A curved display device comprising:a display substrate curved in a first direction;
an opposite substrate coupled to the display substrate, wherein the opposite substrate is curved together with the display substrate; and
a liquid crystal layer comprising liquid crystal molecules disposed between the display substrate and the opposite substrate,
wherein the opposite substrate comprises:
a common electrode; and
a first alignment layer disposed on the common electrode, wherein the first alignment layer includes first protrusions for pre-tilting a first portion of the liquid crystal molecules at a first pretilt angle,
wherein the display substrate comprises:
a pixel electrode disposed on each of a plurality of pixel areas, wherein a plurality of slits is defined in the pixel electrode; and
a second alignment layer disposed on the pixel electrode, wherein the second alignment layer includes second protrusions for pre-tilting a second portion of the liquid crystal molecules at a second pretilt-angle, which is less than the first pretilt-angle,
wherein the first alignment layer has an upper surface contacting the liquid crystal layer, and the upper surface has protruded portions to the second alignment layer, and
wherein an amount of the second protrusions is larger than an amount of the first protrusions.

US Pat. No. 10,394,081

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND DISPLAY PANEL

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display substrate, comprising a plurality of sub-substrates, wherein distance measuring regions are provided on a base in space regions between the sub-substrates, the distance measuring region is configured to measure a distance between a mask plate and the base before forming each layer in the sub-substrates by using an exposure process, whereina peripheral area of the distance measuring region is provided therein with a supporting layer on the base, and the peripheral area is located in the space region and around the distance measuring region, and
wherein the layers in the sub-substrates comprise black matrixes, a color filter layer, a planarization layer and spacers, the supporting layer comprises the black matrixes, the color filter layer, the planarization layer and the spacers extending to the peripheral area from a region where the sub-substrates are located, and a pattern of each of the layers in the supporting layer is substantially identical to that of a same layer in the sub-substrates, and
the distance measuring region is only provided therein with the black matrixes.

US Pat. No. 10,394,080

WIDEBAND COMPENSATION STACK FILM AND OPTICAL ELEMENT USING THE SAME

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. A wideband compensation stacked layer, comprising:a chiral-half-wave compensation film; and
a chiral-quarter-wave compensation film;
wherein the chiral-quarter-wave compensation film is directly in contact with the chiral half-wave compensation film through a first contact surface; along the first contact surface, the first layer of liquid crystal molecules of the chiral-quarter-wave compensation film is arranged in line with the last layer of liquid crystal molecules of the chiral-half-wave compensation film; a retardation value R of the wideband compensation stacked layer and an equivalent optical axis Z of the wideband compensation stacked layer with respect to an optical axis of a linear polarizing film follow a linear relationship: R=aZ+b, wherein a and b are constant coefficients.

US Pat. No. 10,394,079

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A liquid crystal display panel comprising:a liquid crystal cell including a lower substrate, an upper substrate on a viewer's side of the lower substrate, a liquid crystal layer provided between the lower substrate and the upper substrate, and an electrode pair formed on one of the lower substrate and the upper substrate to generate a lateral electric field across the liquid crystal layer;
a first polarizer disposed on the viewer's side of the liquid crystal cell;
a first phase plate disposed between the liquid crystal layer and the first polarizer;
a second polarizer disposed on a rear face side of the liquid crystal cell; and
a second phase plate disposed between the second polarizer and the liquid crystal layer, wherein,
the liquid crystal layer contains nematic liquid crystal, and takes a homogeneous alignment in the absence of an applied electric field, such that ?nd is not less than 360 nm and not more than 490 nm, where ?n is a birefringence of the nematic liquid crystal and d is a thickness of the liquid crystal layer;
a retardation R1 of the first phase plate is not less than 100 nm and not more than 160 nm;
a retardation R2 of the second phase plate is not less than 200 nm and not more than 360 nm; and
a slow axis of the first phase plate and a slow axis of the second phase plate are substantially parallel to each other, and substantially orthogonal to an azimuth direction of a director of the nematic liquid crystal under a homogeneous alignment, wherein,
the electrode pair includes a pixel electrode having a plurality of rectangular apertures extending in parallel to one another, and a common electrode formed opposite to the pixel electrode with a dielectric layer interposed therebetween; and
L+S is not less than 4 ?m and not more than 8 ?m, where S is a width of the aperture and L is a distance between adjacent ones of the apertures.

US Pat. No. 10,394,078

COLOR FILM SUBSTRATE, ARRAY SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY DEVICE, AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display device, comprising:a color film substrate including a substrate, and a red block, a green block, a blue block and a white block positioned on the substrate;
an array substrate positioned opposite to the color film substrate;
a liquid crystal layer positioned between the color film substrate and the array substrate;
a first backlight unit and a second backlight unit positioned on a side of the array substrate away from the liquid crystal layer; and
a control unit connected to the first backlight unit and the second backlight unit;
wherein the white block includes light-emitting particles dispersed therein or on the surface thereof, the light-emitting particles capable of emitting yellow light upon the excitation of incident light;
wherein the light-emitting particles comprise holmium ytterbium co-doped Gd2Mo3O9 phosphor particles, and wherein a wavelength of the incident light ranges from about 900 nm to about 1100 nm;
wherein the first backlight unit is configured to emit white light, and the second backlight unit is configured to emit the incident light that excites the light-emitting particles to emit yellow light; and
wherein the control unit is configured to control the display device to switch between a first operation mode and a second operation mode, in the first operation mode the control unit is configured to control both the first backlight unit and the second backlight unit to turn on, and in the second operation mode the control unit is configured to control the first backlight unit to turn on and to control the second backlight unit to turn off.

US Pat. No. 10,394,077

BACKLIGHT MODULE

Au Optronics Corporation,...

1. A backlight module, comprising:a light source emitting a first light;
an optical wavelength conversion film;
a first group of optical films disposed between the light source and the optical wavelength conversion film, wherein a portion of the first light is reflected by the first group of optical films in a direction toward the light source to be mixed with the first light subsequently emitted by the light source;
an optical control film disposed between the first group of optical films and the light source, wherein the optical control film and the first group of optical films are disposed separately from each other; and
a second group of optical films, wherein the optical wavelength conversion film is disposed between the first group of optical films and the second group of optical films, and the first light is converted into a second light having a different wavelength by the optical wavelength conversion film after passing through the first group of optical films and the second light passes through the second group of optical films, wherein a ratio of a transmittance of the second group of optical films for the second light to a transmittance of the first group of optical films for the first light is larger than 46.8%.

US Pat. No. 10,394,076

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A liquid crystal display, comprising:a display panel;
a backlight unit which includes an LED package, a printed circuit board (PCB) on which the LED package is mounted, and a light guide plate which is disposed on a lower surface of the display panel and has a light entering plane facing the LED package;
a back cover which supports a lower surface of the light guide plate;
a housing having a side surface in contact with the PCB and an upper surface in contact with a portion of the lower surface of the back cover; and
an upper case supporting a portion of the display panel and a portion of the housing,
wherein the portion of the display panel is supported by a portion of the upper case extended above the display panel and the portion of the housing is supported by a portion of the upper case extended under the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,394,075

TRANSPARENT DISPLAY DEVICE

Coretronic Corporation, ...

1. A transparent display device, comprising:a transmissive light valve panel having a display surface;
a transparent plate disposed with respect to the transmissive light valve panel to form an optical space between the transparent plate and the transmissive light valve panel; and
at least one light emitting assembly disposed beside the optical space, each of the light emitting assemblies comprising a light source and a lampshade, the lampshade has an accommodating space and the light source is disposed in the accommodating space, wherein the accommodating space has a reflective curved surface, and the light source is adapted to generate light into the optical space, wherein a light pattern of the light emitted from the light source and directed to the optical space has at least one maximum peak in an angular range of ±15° with respect to a direction parallel to the display surface of the transmissive light valve panel, wherein the light emitted from the light source and having the aforementioned light pattern is reflected toward the transparent plate at an incident angle larger than 80 degrees by the reflective curved surface and a light contribution of up to 65% or more is obtained, and the major portion of the light is reflected by a flat surface of the transparent plate.

US Pat. No. 10,394,074

COLOR FILM SUBSTRATE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A method for manufacturing a color filter substrate, comprising steps of:forming a blue cut filter on a substrate;
processing the blue cut filter where blue filter portions are to be formed to make the thicknesses of the blue cut filter where the respective blue filter portions are to be formed are different from each other;
forming a black light-shielding layer on the blue cut filter; and
forming the plurality of blue filter portions on the blue cut filter such that the blue filter portions are respectively located on corresponding processed portions of the blue cut filter.

US Pat. No. 10,394,073

COLOR FILM SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A color film substrate, comprising:a basal substrate; a color film layer and a black matrix arranged on a side of the basal substrate; a conductive layer arranged on another side of the basal substrate, the conductive layer comprising a plurality of conductive regions;
each conductive region comprising a driving channel and an inducing channel; and
a plurality of first gaps and a plurality of second gaps;
wherein each first gap is located between the driving channel and the inducing channel in each conductive region; each second gap is located between each two adjacent conductive regions;
and wherein an orthographic projection of the black matrix on the basal substrate completely covers orthographic projections of all the plurality of first gaps and the plurality of second gaps on the basal substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,394,072

COLOR FILTER SUBSTRATE, METHOD FOR PREPARING THE SAME, AND DISPLAY PANEL

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A color filter substrate, wherein the color filter substrate has a surface facing an array substrate and being in contact with a spacer, andthe color filter substrate has at least one layer having a hollow structure at a position corresponding to the spacer, wherein,
the color filter substrate comprises a transparent substrate which has a surface facing the array substrate and having a color filter layer formed thereon; and
the color filter layer comprises a black matrix, a first color pixel located in a same layer as the black matrix, and a second color pixel located on the black matrix, and the second color pixel has the hollow structure at the position corresponding to the spacer.

US Pat. No. 10,394,071

DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A display panel, comprising a plurality of pixel units arranged in an array, each of the pixel units comprising light transmitting zone and a light shielding zone arranged on a circumference of the light transmitting zone;wherein the display panel comprises a first substrate and a second substrate that are opposite to each other, the first substrate comprising a black matrix and a first common electrode that covers the black matrix, the black matrix being arranged in the light shielding zone, the second substrate comprising a plurality of main pixel electrodes, the plurality of main pixel electrodes being arranged to correspond, in a one-to-one manner, to the plurality of pixel units and respectively facing the light transmitting zones; and
in each individual one of the pixel units, the black matrix has edges facing the light transmitting zone and provided with notches, the first common electrode having a first portion that covers the notches and is flush with a second portion thereof located in the light transmitting zone; wherein the black matrix has a proximal surface that is positioned on a lower surface of the first substrate and a distal surface that is opposite to and parallel with the proximal surface and is distant from the lower surface of the first substrate; the edges of the black matrix being perpendicularly connected between the proximal surface and the distal surface facing the light transmitting zone; the notches being formed in the edges and extending through both the proximal surface and the distal surface, wherein the surface of the first substrate is party covered by the black matrix such that a first part of the surface of the first substrate corresponding to the light transmitting zone is exposed and second parts of the surface of the first substrate that correspond to the notches are exposed through the notches that extend through both the proximal and distal surfaces of the black matrix;
wherein the first common electrode is formed on both the distal surface of the black matrix and the first part and second parts of the surface of the first substrate, such that the second portion of the first common electrode covers the first part of the surface of the first substrate and is located in the light transmitting zone and a first portion of the first common electrode that covers the notches is set in the notches to cover the second parts of the surface of the first substrate and flush with the second portion.

US Pat. No. 10,394,070

LIGHT BLOCKING DEVICE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND TRANSPARENT DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A light blocking device comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate facing each other;
a first electrode on the first substrate;
a second electrode on the second substrate;
a polymer dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) layer between the first electrode and the second electrode and including liquid crystals and dichroic dyes formed as a droplet, wherein the liquid crystals and the dichroic dyes twisted with each other; and
a chiral dopant in the PDLC layer that induces twisting between the liquid crystals and the dichroic dyes to form a twisted angle between 360 degrees and 3,600 degrees.

US Pat. No. 10,394,069

DISPLAY DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A display device comprising:a first display region;
a second display region;
a third display region; and
a fourth display region,
wherein the first display region, the second display region, the third display region, and the fourth display region are each substantially quadrangular,
wherein the first display region includes a first side and a second side at right angle to the first side,
wherein the second display region includes a third side and a fourth side at right angle to the third side,
wherein the third display region includes a fifth side and a sixth side at right angle to the fifth side,
wherein the fourth display region includes a seventh side and an eighth side opposite to the seventh side,
wherein the first side and the third side are in contact with each other,
wherein the second side and the fifth side are in contact with each other,
wherein the fourth side and the seventh side are in contact with each other,
wherein the sixth side and the eighth side are in contact with each other, and
wherein the second display region, the third display region, and the fourth display region each include a curved surface.

US Pat. No. 10,394,068

BACKPLANE SUBSTRATE INCLUDING IN-CELL TYPE TOUCH PANEL, LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A method of manufacturing a backplane substrate including an in-cell type touch panel, comprising:preparing a substrate comprising a plurality of pixels in a matrix;
providing a thin film transistor at each pixel of the substrate;
forming a first interlayer dielectric layer to cover the thin film transistor;
forming a sensing line on the first interlayer dielectric layer;
forming a second interlayer dielectric layer on the first interlayer dielectric layer to cover the sensing line;
forming a common electrode at each block including some pixels of a plurality of pixels, to overlap the sensing line;
forming a third interlayer dielectric layer to cover the common electrode;
forming a first interlayer contact hole passing through the third interlayer dielectric layer, the second interlayer dielectric layer, and the first interlayer dielectric layer to expose a part of the thin film transistor at each pixel, and a second interlayer contact hole corresponding to a sidewall of the common electrode adjacent to an overlapping part of the sensing line and the common electrode, the second interlayer contact hole passing through the third interlayer dielectric layer and the second interlayer dielectric layer to expose the sensing line; and
forming a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor through the first interlayer contact hole, and a connection pattern connected to the sensing line through the second interlayer contact hole.

US Pat. No. 10,394,067

DETECTION DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A detection device comprising:a first detector and a second detector each configured to detect that an object is in contact therewith or in proximity thereto;
a signal processor configured to perform signal processing on a detection signal output from the first detector and the second detector; and
a selector configured to select one of the first detector and the second detector, and couple the selected one of the first detector and the second detector to the signal processor,
wherein
the selector comprises:
a first connector configured to couple the first detector to the signal processor;
a first controller configured to control the first connector to couple the first detector to the signal processor in accordance with a control signal supplied from outside;
a second connector configured to couple the second detector to the signal processor; and
a second controller configured to control the second connector to couple the second detector to the signal processor in accordance with the control signal,
the signal processor comprises a plurality of signal processing channels configured to input or output a plurality of signals simultaneously,
the first connector comprises a plurality of circuits each configured to couple one of a plurality of detection electrode groups of the first detector to one of the signal processing channels, the circuits coupling the respective detection electrode groups to the respective signal processing channels simultaneously, and
the second connector comprises a plurality of circuits each configured to couple one of a plurality of detection electrode groups of the second detector to one of the signal processing channels, the circuits coupling the respective detection electrode groups to the respective signal processing channels simultaneously.

US Pat. No. 10,394,066

METHOD OF PRODUCING DISPLAY PANEL

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A method of producing a display panel in which a space between paired substrates disposed in an opposing manner has an inner space surrounded by a sealing material interposed between the paired substrates and an outer space disposed outside the inner space and one substrate of the paired substrates includes a portion configuring the inner space as an inner space structure part and a portion configuring the outer space as an outer space structure part, the method comprising:a substrate deforming step of displacing at least a part of the outer space structure part toward another substrate of the paired substrates to cause an end part of the inner space structure part near the at least the part of the outer space structure part to be moved around the sealing material and moved away from the other substrate, resulting in at least a part of the inner space structure part being warped to be away from the other substrate;
a dividing step to be performed after the substrate deforming step to divide the paired substrates into a portion of the paired substrates configuring the inner space and a portion of the paired substrates configuring the outer space; and
a substrate bending step to be performed after the dividing step to bend the portion of the paired substrates configuring the inner space so that the one substrate projects outward.

US Pat. No. 10,394,065

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE COMPRISING A GUIDE MOLD HAVING FIRST AND SECOND PROTRUSIONS EXTENDING TOWARD ONE ANOTHER WITHOUT BEING DIRECTLY CONNECTED WITH EACH OTHER

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a liquid crystal panel;
a light guide plate disposed under the liquid crystal panel;
a reflection plate disposed under the light guide plate;
a light emitting diode (LED) assembly including an LED facing a light incidence surface of the light guide plate and including a printed circuit board (PCB) comprising a first surface, a second surface opposite the first surface, and a third surface perpendicular to and between the first surface and the second surface, the LED mounted on the first surface of the PCB;
a graphite film configured to surround the second surface and the third surface of the PCB, and a lower surface of the reflection plate;
a guide mold comprising:
a first portion including a first end and a second end, the first portion of the guide mold disposed along a first edge of the light guide plate,
a second portion that extends from the first end of the first portion of the guide mold, the second portion disposed along a second edge of the light guide plate,
a third portion that extends from the second end of the first portion of the guide mold, the third portion disposed along a third edge of the light guide plate,
a first protrusion of the guide mold that extends from an end of the second portion of the guide mold, and
a second protrusion of the guide mold that extends from an end of the third portion of the guide mold,
wherein the first protrusion extends from the end of the second portion of the guide mold towards the second protrusion and the second protrusion extends from the end of the third portion of the guide mold towards the first protrusion without the first protrusion and the second protrusion being directly connected with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,394,064

DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display panel configured to display an image in a forward direction thereof;
a bezel disposed on an edge of the display panel;
a light refraction member disposed in front of the bezel, the light refraction member including a transparent material, and configured to refract light of an outer rear side of the bezel in a forward direction of the bezel; and
a reflection member provided between a front side of the bezel and the light refraction member.

US Pat. No. 10,394,063

DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display panel configured to display an image;
a light source configured to emit a light to the display panel;
a bottom chassis in which the light source is installed; and
a supporter member configured to support the display panel,
wherein the supporter member comprises a cooling flow path configured to allow air to flow,
wherein the supporter member includes an inner surface, an outer surface, a bottom side and an inside formed by the inner surface and the bottom side, and
wherein the inner surface of the supporter member is entirely closed, and the bottom side of the supporter member is opened toward the outside of the bottom chassis so that the air flowing into the inside of the supporter member is prevented from flowing into an inside of the bottom chassis.

US Pat. No. 10,394,062

FOLDABLE DISPLAY DEVICE

Prexco Co., LTD., Chungc...

1. A foldable display device, comprising:a first body and a second body that are formed in the same shape as a plate and are arranged symmetrically with each other; and
a hinge device assembled to connect the first body and the second body to each other, such that the hinge device rotates within an open state range where the first and second bodies are placed on the same plane and within a close state range where the first and second bodies overlap each other,
wherein the first body or the second body includes:
a hinge cover rotatably connected to the hinge device and having a key protruding from opposite sides thereof;
an outer cover coupled to the hinge device and having a sliding groove formed portions corresponding to a position of the key of the hinge cover thereof, the sliding groove providing a section where the key of the hinge cover is inserted and moved; and
a support plate coupled to the outer cover in an overlapping manner and having an image portion attached thereto, wherein the hinge device includes:
a base plate provided to have a length corresponding to a length of the first and second bodies;
a first fixing part provided on an upper surface of the base plate and configured with a first fixing block having a first elongated hole inclined in a first direction, a second fixing block distanced from the first fixing block and having a second elongated hole inclined in a second direction, a third fixing block having a third elongated hole inclined in the same direction as the second elongated hole of the second fixing block, and a fourth fixing block having a fourth elongated hole inclined in the same direction as the third elongated hole of the third fixing block;
a first rotary part configured with a 1st second body connecting piece fitted into the first elongated hole of the first fixing block and connected to the second body, a 1st first body connecting piece having a shaft fitted into the second elongated hole of the second fixing block and provided in a direction symmetrical to the 1st second body connecting piece, the 1st first body connecting piece being connected to the first body, a spring elastically supporting the 1st first body connecting piece, a pressing member elastically supported by the spring and supported by the third fixing block, and a 2nd first body connecting piece having a shaft inserted into the third elongated hole of the third fixing block to be fitted into the pressing member, the spring, and the 1st first body connecting piece;
a first bending connection part configured with a first link fitted into the fourth elongated hole of the fourth fixing block and having a shaft fitted into the 2nd first body connecting piece, a third link coupled to a first bracket provided at the base plate while passing therethrough, and a second link hinged at a first side thereof to the first link and hinged at a second side thereof to the third link; and
an interlocking part configured with the first bracket provided at the base plate and into which a shaft of the third link is fitted, a first cam fitted over the shaft to be rotated in cooperation with rotation of the third link, the first cam having teeth formed on an outer periphery thereof and concave portions and convex portions formed on a front surface thereof, a second cam having concave portions and convex portions formed on a front surface thereof to be coupled to the first cam, a main spring compressed to support the second cam, and a second bracket provided at the base plate and supporting the main spring.

US Pat. No. 10,394,061

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE DRIVING METHOD AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A liquid crystal display device driving method for driving the liquid crystal display device wherein the liquid crystal display device driving method comprising:receiving the image data entered into the timing controller;
calculating an area in the display image corresponding to the image data having the coupling phenomenon exceeds a predetermined level;
determining whether or not the area in the display image corresponding to the image data having the coupling phenomenon exceeds the predetermined level is greater than or equal to a predetermined area;
when the area in the display image corresponding to the image data having the coupling phenomenon exceeds the predetermined level is greater than or equal to the predetermined area, a two rows inversion manner is adopted to drive the liquid crystal display device, wherein when the method of two rows inversion is adopted to drive the liquid crystal display device, the driving direction of the data signal S(n+2) and the data signal S(n+3) are in contrast at the same time, wherein n is zero or a positive even number;
wherein when the area in the display image corresponding to the image data having the coupling phenomenon exceeds the predetermined level is smaller than the predetermined area, a one row inversion manner is adopted to drive the liquid crystal display device, wherein when the method of one row inversion is adopted to drive the liquid crystal display device, the driving direction of the data signal S(n+2) and the data signal S(n+3) are the same at the same time; and
wherein the step of “calculating an area in the display image corresponding to the image data having the coupling phenomenon exceeds a predetermined level” comprising: calculating a ratio with the same driving direction of the data signal S(n+2) and S(n+3) in the image data at the same time to the total data signal.

US Pat. No. 10,394,060

OPTICAL TESTING OF FK MODULATORS FOR SILICON PHOTONICS APPLICATIONS

Mellanox Technologies, Lt...

1. A method for characterizing a modulator for fabricating a silicon photonics circuit, the method comprising:determining an absorption spectrum of a modulator;
determining, based at least on the absorption spectrum, an operational bandwidth of the modulator;
determining a compressive stress of the modulator by analyzing a width of a peak of a scan of the modulator material obtained using Raman spectroscopy; and
selecting a laser for coupling with the modulator using the operational bandwidth of the modulator,
wherein the selected laser (a) has an emission bandwidth that corresponds to the operational bandwidth of the modulator and (b) is compatible with the compressive stress of the modulator.

US Pat. No. 10,394,059

THERMO-OPTIC PHASE SHIFTER WITH THERMAL BRIDGE

Cisco Technology, Inc., ...

1. An optical apparatus comprising:a first arm comprising:
a first optical waveguide configured to propagate a first optical signal; and
a first thermo-optic (TO) phase shifter arranged proximate to the first optical waveguide;
a second arm comprising:
a second optical waveguide configured to propagate a second optical signal; and
a second TO phase shifter arranged proximate to the second optical waveguide; and
a thermal bridge arranged between the first TO phase shifter and the second TO phase shifter.

US Pat. No. 10,394,058

ADVANCED OPTICAL MODULATION GENERATION BY COMBINING ORTHOGONAL POLARIZED OPTICAL SIGNALS VIA LASER WITH DUAL OUTPUT PORTS

Acacia Communications, In...

1. An optical modulator system comprising:a laser with a laser cavity, the laser cavity having a first output port connecting to a first arm of an optical modulator and a second output port connecting to a second arm of the optical modulator; and
a combiner having a first input port optically connected to the first arm of the optical modulator and a second input port optically connected to the arm of the optical modulator; wherein the combiner is configured to combine the first optical signal and second optical signal into an output signal.

US Pat. No. 10,394,057

EYES CLOSED INTERFACE

VERILY LIFE SCIENCES LLC,...

1. An eye-mountable device comprising:a lens comprising a polymeric material, the lens operable to be removably mounted over an eye and to be compatible with a motion of an eyelid when a concave surface of the lens is so mounted;
an eyelid sensor disposed in or on the lens and operable to provide output data indicative of whether the eyelid of the eye on which the lens is mounted is closed;
a display disposed in or on the lens and operable to display a light signal in response to the output data from the eyelid sensor indicating that the eyelid is closed;
a feedback sensor disposed in or on the lens to sense a feedback from a wearer of the eye-mountable device and output a feedback signal; and
a control electronics coupled to the display and the feedback sensor, the control electronics configured to cause the display to repeat displaying the light signal when the eyelid is closed unless the feedback signal indicates an acknowledgement that the light signal was noticed by the wearer.

US Pat. No. 10,394,056

ADJUSTABLE FOCUS SPECTACLES WITH NON-CIRCULAR LENSES

1. A lens unit for variable focus spectacles, comprising:a front ring assembly, including a front mounting ring, a front distensible membrane mounted on and bonded to the front mounting ring and covering an opening of the front mounting ring, and a front clamping ring affixed to the front mounting ring;
a rear ring assembly, including a rear mounting ring, a rear distensible membrane mounted on and bonded to the rear mounting ring and covering an opening of the rear mounting ring, and a rear clamping ring affixed to the rear mounting ring;
wherein the front and rear ring assemblies are disposed substantially parallel to a transverse direction of the lens unit and are pivotably coupled to each other at a pivot location located along a periphery of the lens unit;
a flexible seal, having a ring shape and disposed between the front and rear mounting rings along their peripheries;
an optical fluid filling a sealed space defined by the front and rear distensible membranes and the flexible seal; and
a biasing element, directly coupled to the front and rear ring assemblies at a peripheral location near or at an operating point located along the periphery of the lens unit and spaced apart from the pivot location,
wherein when a separation between the front and rear mounting rings at the pivot location is a predetermined first distance, and a separation between the front and rear mounting rings at the operating point is a predetermined second distance, the lens unit is in a zero diopter state where the front and rear membranes are flat and parallel to each other, and wherein when the lens unit is in the zero diopter state, the biasing element is in a partially compressed state and exerts a separation force to urge a pivoting movement of the front and rear ring assemblies away from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,394,055

DUAL-FRAME EYEGLASSES

10. An eyeglass frame assembly, comprising:a pivot eyeglass frame that includes a pivot-lens support frame for holding a left focus lens unit and a right focus lens unit, the pivot eyeglass frame further comprising a left pivot arm and a right pivot arm, wherein:
the left pivot arm is rigidly fixed to a first left outer portion of the pivot-lens support frame via a first left hinge, the left pivot arm including a first left pivot element and a first left alignment element, the first left alignment element including a first number of left alignment magnets;
the right pivot arm is rigidly fixed to a first right outer portion of the pivot-lens support frame via a first right hinge, the right pivot arm including a first right pivot element and a first right alignment element, the first right alignment element including a first number of right alignment magnets;
a foundation eyeglass frame that includes a foundation-lens support frame, the foundation eyeglass frame further comprising a left temple arm and a right temple arm, wherein:
the left temple arm is rigidly fixed to a second left outer portion of the foundation-lens support frame via a second left hinge, the left temple arm including a second left pivot element and a second left alignment element, the second left alignment element including a second number of left alignment magnets, wherein the second number of left alignment magnets is double that of the first number of left alignment magnets;
the right temple arm is rigidly fixed to a second right outer portion of the foundation-lens support frame via a second right hinge, the right temple arm including a second right pivot element and a second right alignment element, the second right alignment element including a second number of right alignment magnets, wherein the second number of right alignment magnets is double that of the first number of right alignment magnets; and
wherein the pivot eyeglass frame is selectively coupled to the foundation eyeglass frame at one of a plurality of incremental angular offsets via at least a first magnetic interaction between the first left alignment element and the second left alignment element and a second magnetic interaction between the first right alignment element and the second right alignment element.

US Pat. No. 10,394,054

PROGRESSIVE SPECTACLE LENS, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A PROGRESSIVE SPECTACLE LENS, AND METHOD OF DESIGNING A PROGRESSIVE SPECTACLE LENS

Carl Zeiss Vision Interna...

1. A progressive spectacle lens comprising:an upper viewing zone having a distance reference point, the upper viewing zone providing a first refractive power configured for distance vision in a specific as-worn position;
a lower viewing zone having a near reference point, the lower viewing zone providing a second refractive power configured for near vision in the specific as-worn position, wherein the second refractive power includes an addition power relative to the first refractive power;
a corridor arranged between the upper viewing zone and the lower viewing zone, the corridor having a refractive power that changes gradually from the first refractive power to the second refractive power in the specific as-worn position;
a left peripheral zone and a right peripheral zone, which are separated from each other by the corridor and the lower viewing zone; and
a first low mean power zone located in the upper viewing zone, a second low mean power zone located in the left peripheral zone, and a third low mean power zone located in the right left peripheral zone, each low mean power zone having a mean refractive power that does not exceed the first refractive power plus 0.125 diopter (D) in the specific as-worn position;
wherein the low mean power zones jointly occupy at least 40% of an area of the progressive spectacle lens.

US Pat. No. 10,394,053

DISPLAYED IMAGE-OPTIMIZED LENS

Patrick C Ho, Hilton, NY...

1. An eyeglass device configured for use with a near-to-eye display device, the eyeglass device comprising:a first support member including a near-to-eye display device accommodating structure;
a first prescription lens supported by the first support member, the first prescription lens including a first focal power region and one or more other focal region, the first focal power region having a first prescription power to focus a first eye of the wearer through a focal distance on an area very near the first eye, each of the one or more other focal region of the first prescription lens having a second prescription power corresponding to a prescription for a first eye of the wearer;
a second prescription lens supported by a second support member, the second support member connected to the first support member, the second prescription lens including a second focal power region and one or more other focal region, the second focal power region having a third prescription power to focus a second eye of the wearer through a second focal distance on a second area very near the second eye, each of the one or more other focal region of the second prescription lens including a fourth prescription power corresponding to a prescription for the second eye of the wearer; and
at least one of the first and second prescription lenses including a notched portion to accommodate the near-to-eye display device.

US Pat. No. 10,394,051

TORIC OPHTHALMIC LENS HAVING EXTENDED DEPTH OF FOCUS

Brien Holden Vision Insti...

1. An ophthalmic lens for extending depth of focus of an ocular system, comprising:a toric zone;
a first meridian associated with a first optical power of the ophthalmic lens and a second meridian associated with a second optical power different than the first optical power of the ophthalmic lens; and
a phase-affecting, non-diffractive optical element optically coupled to the toric zone, the phase-affecting, non-diffractive optical element being non-diffractive for visible wavelengths to project an output wavefront into a single diffractive order,
the phase-affecting, non-diffractive optical element comprising a modulated pattern of spaced apart optically transparent regions and providing a depth of focus for the first meridian that matches a depth of focus for the second meridian.

US Pat. No. 10,394,050

3D PRINTED EYEWEAR FRAME WITH INTEGRATED HINGE AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURE

Materialise N.V., Leuven...

1. An eyewear frame made using a 3D printing process, said frame comprising:a front frame;
an end piece integrally attached to said front frame;
at least one temple integrally attached to said end piece; and
at least one crossed-spring hinge disposed between said end piece and said temple, the crossed-spring hinge connecting the end piece with the temple, wherein the crossed-spring hinge comprises a first hinge leg and a second hinge leg, wherein said first and second hinge leg form a crossed leaf rotary flexure, wherein the eyewear frame is a 3D printed eyewear frame wherein the at least one crossed-spring hinge is integrated.

US Pat. No. 10,394,049

EYEGLASSES WITH INTERCHANGEABLE LENSES

Roka Sports, Inc., Austi...

1. An eyeglass assembly comprising:at least one lens comprising:
a first lens tab; and
a first lens retention step, each on one side of the one lens; and
a first lens receiving portion comprising:
a first lens tab thru-hole; and
a first lens retention step receiver, each on one side of the lens receiving portion;
wherein the first lens tab and the first lens retention step are configured to releasably insert into the first lens tab thru-hole and the first lens retention step receiver of the first lens receiving portion such that the first lens tab or a portion thereof protrudes through and extends beyond the first lens tab thru-hole.

US Pat. No. 10,394,048

EYEWEAR SECURING SYSTEM AND METHOD

COMMON SENSE INVENTIONS, ...

1. A method for securing eyewear, comprising:placing a backplate inside a hat against an inner surface of the hat, the backplate comprising a magnet;
positioning a first end of an elongated flexible band against an outer surface of the hat adjacent the backplate so that a magnetic attraction between a first magnet encased in the first end and the backplate causes the first end and the backplate to magnetically couple;
positioning at least a portion of a bridge or top bar of eyewear adjacent the first end;
bending the band around at least a portion of the bridge or top bar; and
positioning a second end of the band adjacent the first end so that a magnetic attraction between a second magnet encased in the second end and the first magnet causes the second end and the first end to magnetically couple, while ensuring that at least a portion of the bridge or top bar is encircled by a loop formed by the bending of the band;
wherein the first magnet is stronger than the second magnet.

US Pat. No. 10,394,047

SPLITTER CONFIGURATION FOR GLASSES

Liberty Sport, Inc., Fai...

1. An impact resistant eyewear frame assembly for sporting activities, comprising:a frame having a rim for securing a lens, said rim having a first segment that is flexible and a second segment, the first segment and second segment being integral portions of the rim, wherein at least one of said first segment and second segment is movable relative to the other of the first segment and the second segment so as to allow insertion within or removal of said lens from said rim;
a projection extending toward a temporal end of the rim circumferentially from, and integral with, said first segment, the projection having an outer rim surface continuing from an outer rim surface of the first segment when secured, the outer rim surface of the projection comprising a plurality of holes;
wherein said projection and said second segment are configured to be releasably secured to one another, wherein said lens is secured by said rim when said projection is secured to said second segment near a temporal end of the frame,
a nose-pad body comprising first and second pads, the nose-pad body configured to be secured to a bridge of said frame by a nose-pad securing member comprising a top wall and a bottom wall,
wherein the nose-pad body is secured about a bridge of the frame at a top surface of the bridge of the frame and a bottom surface of the bridge of the frame with attachment of: (a) the top wall of the nose-pad securing member at the top surface of the bridge of the frame and (b) the bottom wall of the nose-pad securing member at the bottom surface of the bridge of the frame,
wherein the frame provides impact resistance against a sport projectile.

US Pat. No. 10,394,046

REFLECTING MODULE FOR OPTICAL IMAGE STABILIZATION AND CAMERA MODULE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

17. A camera module, comprising:a lens module; and
a reflecting module configured to direct incident light toward the lens module, the reflecting module comprising:
a housing;
a rotation holder supported by a sidewall of the housing;
a reflecting member disposed on the rotation holder and configured to direct the incident light toward the lens module; and
a driving part configured to drive movement of the rotation holder relative to the housing, the driving part comprising a coil disposed on the housing and a magnet disposed on the rotation holder, the coil facing the magnet in a direction perpendicular to a reflecting surface of the reflecting member.

US Pat. No. 10,394,045

LENS DRIVING APPARATUS

TDK TAIWAN CORPORATION, ...

1. A lens driving apparatus comprising:a movable portion with a lens portion having at least one lens,
a fixing portion with a fixed image sensor configured to detect a light coming through said lens portion,
a driving portion configured to move the lens portion relatively to the fixing portion, and
a supporting portion connecting the movable portion and the fixing portion relatively movably,
wherein the fixing portion is provided with a protection portion configured to protect a light receiving surface of the image sensor and a position sensor configured to detect a relative position to the movable portion.

US Pat. No. 10,394,044

OPTICAL IMAGE ANTI-SHAKE DEVICE WITH YOKE

TDK TAIWAN CORP., Yangme...

1. An optical image anti-shake device, comprising:a casing having a first aperture;
a fixing portion having a bottom plate, the bottom plate having a second aperture corresponding in position to the first aperture; and
an active portion enclosed by the casing and resiliently clamped between the casing and the bottom plate by the fixing portion, the active portion comprising:
a correcting module for correcting, with a magnetic force, a blur of images caused by a shake of the optical image anti-shake device;
a frame having a receiving space;
a lens holder disposed in the receiving space of the frame;
a lens unit corresponding in position to the first aperture and the second aperture, the lens unit being carried by the lens holder and having an image-capturing optical axis, wherein an X-axis, a Y-axis and a Z-axis perpendicular to each other are defined; and
a yoke, fixed to the frame, having at least a top surface perpendicular to the Z-axis;
wherein when viewing from the Z-axis, the top surface and the correcting module are partially overlapped.

US Pat. No. 10,394,043

METHOD OF ADJUSTING A PLURALITY OF OPTICAL ELEMENTS ASSOCIATED WITH A ROS

Xerox Corporation, Norwa...

1. A method of adjusting a minimum number of five or more positional adjusters of a plurality of positional adjusters, each positional adjuster configured to adjust a position of a separate optical element of a plurality of respective minimum number of five or more optical elements associated with a printing system ROS (Raster Output Scanner) associated with a photoreceptor, the printing system ROS including a total number of optical elements greater than the minimum number of five or more optical elements arranged and aligned to sequentially pass a plurality of light beams transmitted from an independently addressable laser array sequentially through the total number of optical elements to the photoreceptor, the method comprising:a) creating a computer model of the printing system ROS, the computer model including a plurality of input parameters associated with the optical and mechanical tolerances of the total number of optical elements associated with the printing system ROS effecting the performance of the plurality of light beams sequentially passing through the total number of optical elements, and a plurality of output parameters associated with the performance of the plurality of light beams sequentially passing through the total number of optical elements associated with the printing system ROS;
b) performing a sensitivity analysis of the computer model to determine an effect of the plurality of input parameters on each respective output parameter;
c) performing a Monte Carlo simulation of the printing system ROS using the computer model, the simulation determining the minimum number of the plurality of the positional adjusters and generating an associated alignment sequence of the minimum number of the plurality of positional adjusters required to adjust a plurality of positions associated with the respective minimum number of optical elements to achieve a targeted Cpk (process capability index) of the output parameters above a predetermined value, wherein the minimum number of optical elements is less than the total number of optical elements associated with the printing system ROS and the minimum number of the plurality of positional adjusters is equivalent to the minimum number of optical elements; and
d) according to the alignment sequence generated in step c), aligning each of the minimum number of positional adjusters and respective minimum number of optical elements to configure the printing system ROS to transmit the plurality of light beams from the independently addressable laser array through the total number of optical elements to the photoreceptor to achieve the targeted Cpk.

US Pat. No. 10,394,042

SPATIAL FILTERS WITH HIGH POWER HANDLING CAPABILITIES

Lockheed Martin Coherent ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a source configured to generate a beam of electromagnetic radiation propagating in a first direction; and
a spatial filter configured to restrict the beam of electromagnetic radiation in at least one dimension, the spatial filter including at least one set of rods comprising at least a first rod and a second rod, the first rod being formed in a first cylindrical structure with a first axis in a first plane and the second rod being formed in a second cylindrical structure with a second axis in a second plane parallel to the first plane,
wherein the first axis and the second axis comprise longitudinal axes, and wherein the first and the second rods have non-planar shaped surfaces in at least portions of respective surfaces of the first and second rods facing one another, the electromagnetic radiation configured to propagate between the non-planar shaped surfaces of the first and second rods.

US Pat. No. 10,394,041

POLARIZER ASSEMBLY FOR SPATIALLY SEPARATION POLARIZATION STATES OF A LIGHT BEAM

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. An assembly, comprising:an odd number of at least three prisms arranged along a principal light incidence direction, wherein:
each prism has an optical principal axis;
for each pair of immediately adjacent prisms, the optical principal axis of one prism is perpendicular to the optical principal axis of the other prism;
the odd number of prisms has an outermost light entrance surface and an outermost light exit surface;
relative to a plane perpendicular to the principal light incidence direction, the outermost light entrance surface and the outermost light exit surface are inclined in opposite directions with respect to each other; and
wherein the principal light incidence direction and a normal to the outermost light entrance surface define a first angle which is different from 0°;
the principal light incidence direction and a normal to the outermost light exit surface define a second angle which is different from 0°; and
an absolute value of the first angle is identical to an absolute value of the second angle.

US Pat. No. 10,394,040

HEAD MOUNTED DISPLAY INCLUDING PANCAKE LENS BLOCK

Facebook Technologies, LL...

1. A head mounted display (HMD) comprising:an electronic display configured to emit image light; and
a pancake lens block comprising:
a back curved optical element configured to receive and focus the image light emitted by the electronic display, the back curved optical element comprising:
a back quarter-wave plate on a back convex surface of the back curved optical element oriented to a first axis of orientation; and
a partially reflective optical element on a front concave surface of the back curved optical element configured to transmit a portion of the image light emitted from the electronic display;
a front curved optical element configured to receive and further focus the transmitted portion of the image light from the partially reflective optical element, the front curved optical element comprising:
a front quarter-wave plate on a back convex surface of the front curved optical element oriented to a second axis of orientation that is orthogonal to the first axis of orientation; and
a polarization sensitive reflective optical element on a front concave surface of the front curved optical element configured to reflect the portion of the light transmitted by the partially reflective optical element back to the partially reflective optical element based on a first polarization state, the partially reflective optical element reflecting a second portion of the light back to the polarization sensitive reflective optical element for transmission by the polarization sensitive reflective optical element to an exit pupil of the HMD based on a second polarization state of the second portion of the light.

US Pat. No. 10,394,039

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR REDUCING BLUE LIGHT HAZARDS

1. An apparatus for reducing blue light, comprising:a white light source generating a white light;
a control module; and
a polarizer that is rotatable;
wherein the control module controls the polarizer to rotate in a fixed frequency between 1/30 to ? seconds per cycle, and an angle of a blue light beam from the white light is adjusted by the polarizer that is being rotated to provide an intermittent blue illumination so as to reduce the blue light in the white light.

US Pat. No. 10,394,038

IMAGE DIVERSION TO CAPTURE IMAGES ON A PORTABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE

iOculi, Inc., Renton, WA...

1. An electronic device configured to capture images from different directions, the electronic device comprising:an image sensor;
a set of imaging lenses; and
an image diversion sub-system, comprising:
a first optical aperture, the first optical aperture configured to allow the image sensor to capture a first image from a first direction;
a second optical aperture, the second optical aperture configured to allow the image sensor to capture a second image from a second direction; and
an optical switching interface comprising an electro-optical field of view multiplexer configured to control a direction of electromagnetic radiation entering the image diversion sub-system and configured to optically couple one or both of the first optical aperture and the second optical aperture to the image sensor through the set of imaging lenses, the set of imaging lenses located after the optical switching interface in an optical path between the image sensor and the image diversion sub-system,
wherein the electro-optical field of view multiplexer comprises:
a first electrically selectable electro-optical film that, when electrically selected, optically couples the first optical aperture to the image sensor; and
a second electrically selectable electro-optical film that, when electrically selected, optically couples the second optical aperture to the image sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,394,037

GLASSES-FREE 3D DISPLAY MOBILE DEVICE, SETTING METHOD OF THE SAME, AND USING METHOD OF THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A glasses-free three-dimensional (3D) display device comprising:a display device comprising a flat panel display; and
a 3D viewing cover detachably disposed on the flat panel display, the 3D viewing cover configured to allow images displayed on the flat panel display to be viewed in three dimensions, the 3D viewing cover comprising a three-dimensional film in contact with a top surface of the flat panel display,
wherein the display device comprises a cover setting program executable by the display device to set setting parameters of the 3D viewing cover,
wherein the cover setting program is configured to display, on the flat panel display of the display device, a cover alignment pattern for changing one or more of the setting parameters of the 3D viewing cover, and
wherein the cover setting program is configured so that, when the displayed cover alignment pattern is touched via user input to change the displayed cover alignment pattern and to change the one or more of the setting parameters of the 3D viewing cover, the one or more of the setting parameters of the 3D viewing cover are changed and a display of the cover alignment pattern on the flat panel display is changed.

US Pat. No. 10,394,036

STEREOSCOPIC DISPLAYS WITH ADDRESSABLE FOCUS CUES

ARIZONA BOARD OF REGENTS ...

1. A virtual display system with addressable focus cues, comprising:a microdisplay for providing a virtual image for display to a user;
an eyepiece comprising a reflective optical element configured to reflect optical radiation from the microdisplay to an exit pupil of the system;
a relay lens comprising a refractive active optical element configured to provide a variable optical power, the relay lens disposed along an optical path between the microdisplay and the eyepiece to relay an image from the microdisplay to the eyepiece, the relay lens comprising first and second lens groups disposed along the optical path with the active optical element located therebetween; and
a beamsplitter disposed along the optical path between the microdisplay and the eyepiece, the beamsplitter configured to receive and transmit optical radiation from a source other than the microdisplay to the exit pupil to provide a see-through optical path.

US Pat. No. 10,394,035

BACKLIGHT MODULE AND TRANSPARENT DISPLAY DEVICE COMPRISING THE SAME

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A backlight module, configured for use in a transparent display device, and comprises:an optical splitter; and
a light source arranged at a side of the optical splitter and emitting light towards the optical splitter, wherein
the optical splitter is configured to split light emitted from the light source into a first light beam and a second light beam, wherein the first light beam is configured for supplying backlight, and the second light beam is configured for illuminating background behind the optical splitter,
the optical splitter comprises a transflective film, wherein the first light beam comprises one and the second light beam comprises the other of: light emitted from the light source and then reflected by the transflective film; and light emitted from the light source and then transmitted by the transflective film,
the backlight module further comprises a transparent substrate, and
the transparent substrate comprises two sub-substrates that are both wedge-shaped, wherein the two wedge-shaped sub-substrates are superimposed together with their oblique surfaces facing each other, and the transflective film is arranged between the oblique surfaces of the two wedge-shaped sub-substrates.

US Pat. No. 10,394,034

EYE-TRACKING WITH MEMS SCANNING AND OPTICAL RELAY

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

1. An eye-tracking system, comprising:a light source configured to emit at least infrared (IR) light;
a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) scanning mirror configured to direct the IR light;
a relay including two prisms, each prism having a respective lens, the relay configured to receive the IR light directed by the MEMS scanning mirror and redirect the IR light; and
at least one sensor configured to receive the IR light after being reflected by an eye.

US Pat. No. 10,394,033

PARALLEL BEAM FLEXURE MECHANISM FOR INTERPUPILLARY DISTANCE ADJUSTMENT

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A system for adjusting a distance between a first optical payload and a second optical payload of an optical device, the system comprising:a first flexure and a second flexure, wherein the first flexure is parallel to the second flexure;
a mounting platen having a first end and a second end, wherein the first end of the mounting platen is attached to the first flexure and the second end of the mounting platen is attached to the second flexure, wherein the first flexure and the second flexure extend from the mounting platen in a vertical direction, and wherein the first optical payload is attached to the mounting platen;
a first anchoring member, wherein the first anchoring member is attached to a first end of the first flexure that is opposite a second end of the first flexure, wherein the mounting platen is attached to the second end of the first flexure;
a second anchoring member, wherein the second anchoring member is attached to a first end of the second flexure that is opposite a second end of the second flexure, wherein the mounting platen is attached to the second end of the second flexure;
a third flexure and a fourth flexure, wherein the third flexure is parallel to the fourth flexure, wherein the first anchoring member is attached to a first end of the third flexure that is opposite a second end of the third flexure, wherein the second end of the third flexure is attached to a frame of the optical device, wherein the second anchoring member is attached to a first end of the fourth flexure that is opposite a second end of the fourth flexure, wherein the second end of the fourth flexure is attached to the frame of the optical device;
a translation mechanism attached to the mounting platen, wherein the translation mechanism is configured to translate the mounting platen in a horizontal direction by bending the first flexure, the second flexure, the third flexure, and the fourth flexure thereby adjusting the distance between the first optical payload and the second optical payload, wherein the translation mechanism comprises an adjustment wheel for causing translation of the mounting platen in response to a rotation of the adjustment wheel.

US Pat. No. 10,394,032

OPTICAL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING A SOURCE IMAGE

Carl Zeiss AG, Oberkoche...

1. An optical system configured to transmit a source image from which light having a field angle spectrum emanates, the optical system comprising:an optical waveguide arrangement in which the light can propagate by total internal reflection;
an input coupling arrangement configured to couple the light emanating from the source image into the optical waveguide arrangement; and
an output coupling arrangement configured to couple the light that has propagated in the optical waveguide arrangement out from the optical waveguide arrangement,
wherein:
the input coupling arrangement comprises:
a first input coupling element configured to couple light from a first subfield of the source image into the optical waveguide arrangement; and
a second input coupling element configured to couple light from a second subfield of the source image into the optical waveguide arrangement;
the first subfield has field angles from a first field angle range of the field angle spectrum;
the second subfield has field angles from a second field angle range of the field angle spectrum;
the second subfield is at least partly different from the first subfield;
the second field angle range is at least partly different from the first field angle range;
the transmitted first and second subfields are at least partly superimposed on each other after coupling out from the optical waveguide arrangement; and
the optical waveguide arrangement is curved.

US Pat. No. 10,394,030

SYSTEM FOR WAVEGUIDE PROJECTOR WITH WIDE FIELD OF VIEW

MAGICLEAP, INC., Plantat...

1. A waveguide display disposed in glasses, the waveguide display comprising:a first diffractive input waveguide operable to receive input data from a first projector;
a second diffractive input waveguide operable to receive input data from a second projector; and
a diffractive output waveguide optically coupled to the first diffractive input waveguide and the second diffractive input waveguide and having a central normal, wherein the diffractive output waveguide receives light diffracted by the first diffractive input waveguide and light diffracted by the second diffractive input waveguide and is operable to:
direct image data associated with the first projector toward a first field of view displaced with respect to the central normal; and
direct image data associated with the second projector toward a second field of view displaced with respect to the central normal.

US Pat. No. 10,394,029

FIELD OF VIEW ENHANCEMENT

Akonia Holographics, LLC,...

1. A head mounted display device, comprising:a predistortion manager that receives an image and that is configured to produce a pre-distorted image based on the received image;
a light source configured to produce image-bearing light that includes the pre-distorted image; and
an optical lens comprising:
a light input section configured to receive the image-bearing light produced by the light source,
a grating medium disposed within the optical lens and operatively coupled to the light input section, and
grating structures in the grating medium and configured to diffract the image-bearing light received by the light input section, wherein the predistortion manager is configured to produce the pre-distorted image by applying a blur kernel to a pixel proximal to an edge of a field of view associated with the received image, the blur kernel being configured to offset a distortion of the image-bearing light associated with diffraction of the image-bearing light by the grating structures.

US Pat. No. 10,394,028

VIRTUAL IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A virtual image display apparatus comprising:a display that generates picture lights; and
a light guide device that guides the picture lights from the display by reflection using a plurality of surfaces and superimposes lights from the outside world and the picture lights for visual recognition,
wherein the light guide device comprises:
a light guide prevention structure that prevents light guide of leakage lights due to reflection of the lights from the outside world by a curved surface of the light guide device in a narrow width shape part having a narrower shape than a surrounding part; and
a light shielding member that covers and directly contacts a surface of the narrow width shape part of the light guide device,
wherein the light guide prevention structure is provided in a lens tube part that houses lenses forming a projection system that allows the picture lights from the display to enter the light guide device, and the lens tube part houses a portion of the light guide device.

US Pat. No. 10,394,027

HEAD-UP DISPLAY SYSTEM

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. A head-up display system, comprising:an image-forming and projection device that forms a display image, and projects projection light of the display image that is formed;
a combiner that allows the projection light of the display image, which is projected from the image-forming and projection device in a case of being disposed at an in-use position, to be transmitted through the combiner, and forms a virtual image of the display image, which is capable of being confirmed by a user with an eye, at a transmission destination;
a housing that includes an opening through which the projection light of the display image from the image-forming and projection device passes to reach the combiner in use, and accommodates the image-forming and projection device and the combiner in non-use in an inner side;
a first drive device that drives the combiner between a non-use position at which the combiner is accommodated in an inner side of the housing, and the in-use position at which the combiner is erected on an outer side of the housing;
a lid body that covers the opening in non-use of the combiner, and accommodates the combiner in an inner side of the housing in use of the combiner and opens the opening; and
a second drive device that drives the lid body between a position at which the lid body covers the opening, and a position at which the lid body opens the opening, wherein
the lid body includes at least a first divided lid body and a second divided lid body which engage with each other at a time of covering the opening,
the first divided lid body moves in the inner side of the housing in use of the combiner, and includes an optical path regulator that regulates an optical path of the projection light of the display image projected from the image-forming and projection device in use of the combiner on an inner side of the housing, and allows projection light, which is necessary for formation of the virtual image of the display image in the projection light of the display image, to pass through the optical path regulator, and
the second divided lid body includes a covering member that covers the optical path regulator at the time of covering the opening.

US Pat. No. 10,394,026

HEAD-UP DISPLAY COMBINER POSITIONING AND LOCKING SYSTEM

Jabil Inc., St. Petersbu...

1. A combiner positioning system for a head-up display, the system comprising:a carrier including a combiner and an axle for the head-up display;
a camwheel engaging the carrier and moving the combiner between a first position and a second position; and
a locking element engaging the camwheel to permit movement of the locking element between an engaged position and a disengaged position,
wherein in the engaged position the locking element engages a portion of the axle and rigidly holds the axle against lateral movement and allows rotation of the axle; and,
wherein in the disengaged position the locking element does not engage the portion of the axle and does not restrain the axle from moving laterally.

US Pat. No. 10,394,025

HEAD-UP DISPLAY DEVICE

VISTEON GLOBAL TECHNOLOGI...

1. A head-up display device, comprising:a combiner system;
a projector system configured to generate information to be viewed;
a mechanical actuation and drive system;
a housing having a compartment and a fixed cover,
wherein the fixed cover includes a contact and sealing edge, a movable cover mounted thereon, removable on a support extending at least between the movable cover and the contact and sealing edge,
the movable cover having a front wall, the front wall having a rear face facing the support and a front face comprising at least one contact and sealing projection adapted to cooperate, in a deployed state of the combiner with the contact and the sealing edge by abutting against the sealing edge to form a contact seal.

US Pat. No. 10,394,024

DISPLAY DEVICE AND DISPLAY METHOD

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a display panel comprising a pixel region and a transmission region;
a light blocking member disposed on a rear surface of the display panel; and
a distance sensing member configured to sense a viewing distance between a viewer and the display device,
wherein light transmittance of the light blocking member depends on a comparison result of the viewing distance and a proper viewing distance range, wherein the proper viewing distance range is defined by a first value and a second value, wherein the first value is greater than 0 and is calculated based on a height of the display panel, and wherein the second value is greater than the first value and is calculated based on the height of the display panel,
wherein the proper viewing distance range is calculated based on a calculated height (H) of the display panel, and
wherein the calculated height (H) of the display panel is calculated according to:

where w and h are components of an aspect ratio (w:h) of the display panel, the aspect ratio (w:h) is a ratio of a width (w) and the height (h) of the display panel, and D is a diagonal length of the display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,394,022

DISPLAYS

BAE SYSTEMS plc, London ...

1. A display apparatus for use in displaying an image, comprising:a transparent optical waveguide display unit arranged for receiving collimated image-bearing light into the optical waveguide display unit, for guiding the received light therealong to an output area thereof, and for outputting from the output area the image-bearing light to present a viewable image; and
a light-emitting display screen for displaying an image and arranged in relation to the output area of the optical waveguide display unit such that the image displayed by the display screen is visible through the output area of the optical waveguide display, for the combining of the image from the display screen together with the viewable image from the optical waveguide display,
wherein the optical waveguide display unit is arranged to output substantially collimated image-bearing light from the output area such that the viewable image appears to be in a far field and focussed behind the image from the display screen, and
wherein the light-emitting display screen is arranged to output un-collimated display light in a near field at a distance of the display screen.

US Pat. No. 10,394,021

CAMERA COVER GLASS UNIT WITH WATER REMOVAL FUNCTION

Axis AB, Lund (SE)

1. A camera cover glass unit, comprising:a cover glass arranged to protect an image capturing unit of a camera;
a cover glass frame, the cover glass frame being stationary and supporting the cover glass;
a resilient structure, mounted between the cover glass and the cover glass frame, and allowing the cover glass to move in at least a linearly displaceable manner relative to the cover glass frame;
a first permanent magnet fixed to the cover glass;
a second permanent magnet; and
a motor, arranged to rotate the second magnet in relation to the first magnet, in order to achieve a time-variant magnetic field, such that the second magnet alternately attracts and repels the first magnet, thereby causing the cover glass to move in relation to the cover glass frame and variation of a relative distance between the cover glass and the cover glass frame.