US Pat. No. 10,191,236

HIGH-SPEED MULTI-CHANNEL OPTICAL TRANSMITTER MODULE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME

TrueLight Corporation, T...

1. A high-speed multi-channel optical transmitter module, comprising:a casing, having thereinside an accommodation space;
an MT ferrule, located in the accommodation space, having thereof a front end surface exposed out of the casing and a rear end surface having an optical fiber array including a plurality of bare optical fibers;
a waveguide sub-module, located in the accommodation space by closing to the MT ferrule, further including a front portion, a plurality of waveguide structures and a rear portion, the front portion having a recessed portion, the rear portion having a photo-transceiving component accommodation area, and the plurality of waveguide structures located inside the waveguide sub-module and extending between the recessed portion and the photo-transceiving component accommodation area, the recessed portion having a plurality of V-shape grooves extending in a front-rear direction, each of the bare optical fibers being positioned by one said corresponding V-shape groove, such that an end of said each of the bare optical fibers is to contact a contact surface on the recessed portion of the waveguide sub-module and to optically couple one said corresponding waveguide structure;
at least one LD sub-module, located in the photo-transceiving component accommodation area, optically coupled with at least one said corresponding waveguide structure;
at least one PD sub-module, located in the photo-transceiving component accommodation area, optically coupled with at least one said corresponding waveguide structure; and
a circuit board, located in the accommodation space by closing to the rear portion of the waveguide sub-module, electrically coupled with the at least one LD sub-module and the at least one PD sub-module, further having a tail portion thereof exposed out of the casing.

US Pat. No. 10,191,231

ENHANCING THE BANDWIDTH OF LIGHT SENSORS ON PLANAR OPTICAL DEVICES COMPRISING A LIGHT SENSOR CONFIGURED TO OUTPUT A PASSED LIGHT SIGNAL AND TO RECEIVE AT LEAST A PORTION OF THE PASSED LIGHT SIGNAL

Mellanox Technologies Sil...

1. An optical device, comprising:a light sensor configured to detect light signals,
the light sensor being positioned on a base,
the light sensor being configured to receive an input light signal and then output a portion of the received input light signal as a passed light signal; and
a return system located on the base such that the return system receives the passed light signal from the light sensor and returns at least a portion of the light from the passed light signal back to the light sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,191,230

OPTICAL CONNECTORS WITH REVERSIBLE POLARITY

Senko Advanced Components...

1. A reversible polarity fiber optic connector comprising:at least first and second optical ferrules;
a connector housing at least partially surrounding the first and second optical ferrules and having a first exterior wall positioned above the first and second optical ferrules and a second exterior wall positioned beneath the first and second optical ferrules;
a latch coupling positioned on each of the first and second exterior walls of the housing;
a removable latch for engaging either of the first and second exterior wall latch couplings on the connector housing;
wherein positioning the removable latch on the first exterior wall of the connector housing yields a fiber optic connector with a first polarity and positioning the removable latch on the second exterior wall of the housing yields a fiber optic connector with a second polarity, the second polarity being opposite to the first polarity.

US Pat. No. 10,191,229

PLUGGABLE MECHANISM OF OPTICAL TRANSCEIVER

Sumitomo Electric Industr...

1. An optical transceiver that electrically communicates with a host system by being engaged with and disengaged from a cage provided in the host system, the optical transceiver comprising:a housing providing an optical receptacle in one end and an electrical plug in another end thereof, the optical receptacle receiving an optical connector therein, the electrical plug to be engaged with the cage and
a slider movable between a first position and a second position along a direction connecting the optical receptacle with the electrical plug, the slider having a composite opening assembled with both of a bail and a pull-tab, alternatively; and
wherein the composite opening includes a curved opening and a square opening,
wherein the bail provides a hook engaged with the curved opening in the slider; the hook causing a motion of the slider to be movable between the first position and the second position by sliding within the curved opening synchronizing with a rotation of the bail in front of the optical receptacle, and
wherein the pull-tab provides a tab engaged with the square opening of the slider, the tab causing the motion of the slider to be movable between the first position and the second position synchronizing with a linear motion of the pull-tab.

US Pat. No. 10,191,226

CYLINDRICAL OPTICAL FERRULE ALIGNMENT APPARATUS

CommScope, Inc. of North ...

1. A device comprising:a housing including a first port for receiving a first connector;
a ferrule alignment sleeve attached to said housing, wherein said sleeve extends in a longitudinal direction and forms an inner, generally tubular area;
a first rim formed around a first opening at one end of said generally tubular area to receive an end of a first ferrule of the first connector, such that the first ferrule engages said inner, generally tubular area as the first ferrule is inserted into said sleeve;
a first tab adjacent said first rim and projecting away from said first rim and said generally tubular area to interact with a feature attached to the first ferrule to angularly align the first ferrule within said generally tubular area; and
a second tab adjacent said first rim and projecting away from said first rim and said tubular area, wherein said second tab is spaced a predetermined distance away from said first tab.

US Pat. No. 10,191,223

OPTICAL CONNECTOR

Sumitomo Electric Industr...

1. An optical connector comprising:a first plug that secures a first fiber with a first ferrule in an end thereof;
a second plug that secures a second fiber with a second ferrule in an end thereof, the first plug and the second plug jointly rotating around an optical axis common to the first ferrule and the second ferrule, the second plug having a projection;
a sleeve that receives the first ferrule of the first plug in one end thereof and the second ferrule of the second plug in another end thereof;
a shell that encloses the first plug and the second plug therein, the shell providing a hollow that engages with the projection of the second plug; and
a spring provided between the first plug and the shell, the spring pushing the first plug against the second plug outward from the shell,
wherein the first ferrule of the first plug makes physical contact against the second ferrule of the second plug,
wherein the shell has a slit and a cut, the slit providing the hollow in one end thereof,
wherein the cut extends from an edge of the shell facing the second plug to another end of the slit, and
wherein the slit circumferentially extends on a surface of the shell and has an edge closer to the edge of the shell, the edge of the slit making a distance to the edge of the shell gradually increasing from the end continuous to the cut to the hollow.

US Pat. No. 10,191,221

OPTICAL ASSEMBLY WITH COVER TO BASE OPTO-MECHANICAL COUPLING

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. An optical assembly, comprising:a base sub-assembly comprising a mounting point for an optical socket connector; and
a cover sub-assembly to be coupled to the base sub-assembly, and
a carrier to receive an optical fiber ferrule and permit opto-mechanical coupling between the optical fiber ferrule and the optical socket connector when the base-sub assembly is coupled to the cover sub-assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,191,220

POWER-EFFICIENT OPTICAL CIRCUIT

VOLCANO CORPORATION, San...

1. An intravascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging apparatus, comprising:a catheter or guidewire configured to be positioned within a blood vessel of a patient, the catheter or guidewire comprising an optical fiber configured to deliver light to the blood vessel to image the blood vessel;
a system configured to generate an OCT image of the blood vessel and in communication with the catheter or guidewire, the system comprising an optical circuit configured to provide the light to the optical fiber via an output channel, the optical circuit comprising:
a first optical path transmitting a first optical signal;
a second optical path transmitting a second optical signal; and
a means for recombining the first optical signal with the second optical signal without discarding an optical power of the first optical signal or the second optical signal, the means for recombining comprising a single output in communication with the output channel, wherein the means for recombining is configured to sequentially switch a connection of the first optical path and a connection of the second optical path to the single output such that the entire first optical signal and the entire second optical signal is sequentially directed to the output channel,
wherein the system is configured to generate the OCT image based on the optical power of the entire first optical signal and the entire second optical signal.

US Pat. No. 10,191,219

OPTICAL SELECTOR ARRANGEMENT

BAE Systems plc, London ...

1. An optical selector arrangement, comprising:a first set of optical ports, having a first number of optical ports, the first number being greater than or equal to 2;
a second set of optical ports for communicating with the first set of optical ports, the second set of optical ports having a second number of optical ports, the second number being greater than the first number;
a selector interface comprising the second set of optical ports; and
a selector arranged to selectively optically couple the first set of optical ports to a subset of the second set of optical ports of the selector interface corresponding to the first number of optical ports, the selector being rotatable relative to the selector interface to facilitate the selection by optically aligning the first set of optical ports to the subset of the second set of optical ports of the selector interface, the selector being configured to be continuously relatively rotatable over multiple rotations, so as to selectively optically couple the first set of optical ports to a different subset of the second set of optical ports of the selector interface.

US Pat. No. 10,191,208

LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

Sakai Display Products Co...

1. A light source device comprising:a reflection sheet suspended by protrusions which penetrate plural places of an outer peripheral edge part of the reflection sheet; and
a light guide plate disposed to face the reflection sheet,
wherein
the light guide plate has notches formed in an edge part corresponding to the outer peripheral edge part of the reflection sheet, and at positions corresponding to the protrusions,
the outer peripheral edge part of the reflection sheet has concave parts and convex parts, and the convex parts of the outer peripheral edge part are penetrated by the protrusions,
the concave parts of the outer peripheral edge part are provided with spacers to constantly maintain an interval between the light guide plate and the reflection sheet,
the spacer has a contact surface being uneven which contacts with the light guide plate and has a friction coefficient lower than that of the light guide plate, and
an interval between each convex part and each spacer in a juxtaposed direction in which the convex parts are juxtaposed is increased as a position of the interval between each convex part and each spacer gets closer to an end part of the reflection sheet in the juxtaposed direction.

US Pat. No. 10,191,207

LIGHT EMITTING MODULE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE WITH THE SAME

ASUSTeK COMPUTER INC., T...

1. A light emitting module, adapted to a mainboard including a side edge, the light emitting module comprising:a circuit board, detachably attaching to the mainboard and adjacent to the side edge of the mainboard;
a plurality of light emitting elements, disposed at the circuit board; and
a light guide bar, disposed at the circuit board, when the light emitting module is assembled to the mainboard, the light guide bar uniformly guides light from the light emitting elements, wherein the light guide bar includes a light guide bar end surface, the mainboard includes a mainboard end surface, and the light guide bar end surface is aligned with the mainboard end surface to allow the light from the light emitting elements uniformly transmitting outwardly from the side edge of the mainboard.

US Pat. No. 10,191,203

STACKING-TYPE OPTICAL SHEET MODULE

LMS CO., LTD, Pyeongtaek...

1. A stacked optical sheet module, comprising:an upper optical sheet having a bottom surface and a first structural pattern in which first unit light-condensing bodies are successively repeated, cross-sectional areas of the first unit light-condensing bodies gradually decreasing towards a top; and
a lower optical sheet which has a second structural pattern and is disposed below the upper optical sheet in a stacked form, second unit light-condensing bodies and third unit light-condensing bodies being combined and successively disposed in the second structural pattern, the second unit light-condensing bodies respectively having a gradually decreasing cross-sectional area toward the top and being joined with the upper optical sheet, and the third unit light-condensing bodies respectively having a gradually decreasing cross-sectional area toward the top, a vertical distance from a lowest portion to a highest portion of each of the third unit light-condensing bodies being formed relatively shorter than a vertical distance from a lowest portion to a highest portion of each of the second unit light-condensing bodies,
wherein a vertical angle of the highest portion of each of the second unit light-condensing bodies is formed relatively smaller than a vertical angle of the highest portion of each of the third unit light-condensing bodies, and
wherein the second structural pattern is at least partially directly joined to the bottom surface of the upper optical sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,191,201

LIGHT EMITTING EMBLEM

TOYODA GOSEI CO., LTD., ...

1. A light emitting emblem comprising:a board having a first peripheral edge;
a light source arranged at the first peripheral edge;
a light guide plate having a second peripheral edge and an inner side portion, the second peripheral edge having a first surface facing the light source and a second surface opposite to the first surface, the first surface including a light entering part into which light from the light source is incident, and the second surface including an inclination part through which the light incident into the light entering part is reflected to the inner side portion from the second peripheral edge; and
a shielding plate that shields the light from the light source and prevents light not incident from the light entering part from being incident into the inner side portion,
wherein the inclination part is positioned at an outer edge of the light emitting emblem from the shielding plate, and
wherein the light guide plate has the light entering part facing the light source on the first surface of the second peripheral edge of the light guide plate and the inclination part on the second surface of an opposite side.

US Pat. No. 10,191,198

DISPLAY APPARATUS INCLUDING DIRECTIONAL BACKLIGHT UNIT AND METHOD OF ASSEMBLING THE DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a switch panel;
a backlight comprising:
a light source,
a light-guide plate configured to guide light from the light source through total internal reflection,
an array of diffraction lattice elements provided on an upper surface of the light-guide plate and configured to output the light from the light source to the switch panel through the upper surface of the light guide plate, and
an input coupler provided on a side surface of the light-guide plate, configured to input the light from the light source to the light-guide plate, and fixed to the light-guide plate so as to provide the light from the light source to the switch panel; and
an auxiliary structure coupled to the input coupler and the switch panel so as to fix the switch panel to the backlight.

US Pat. No. 10,191,196

BACKLIGHT UNIT FOR HOLOGRAPHIC DISPLAY APPARATUS AND HOLOGRAPHIC DISPLAY APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A backlight unit (BLU) comprising:a light source unit that emits illumination light;
a light guide plate that is transparent and comprises a light incidence surface, on which the illumination light emitted by the light source unit is incident, and a light emission surface through which the illumination light is emitted;
an input coupler that directs the illumination light from the light source unit into the light guide plate; and
an output coupler that is disposed on the light emission surface of the light guide plate, wherein the illumination light is emitted from the light guide plate through the output coupler,
wherein the light source unit comprises a beam deflector that controls an incidence angle of the illumination light incident onto the light guide plate,
wherein the beam deflector is selectively controlled to change a traveling direction of the illumination light onto the light guide plate based on changes in positions of pupils of an observer,
wherein the light guide plate has a flat panel shape such that the light guide plate totally internally reflects the illumination light emitted by the light source unit,
wherein the light guide plate has an upper surface and a lower surface, and
wherein the illumination light entering into the light guide plate is totally internally reflected between the upper surface and the lower surface.

US Pat. No. 10,191,187

OUTDOOR DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An outdoor display apparatus comprising:a display panel;
a transparent panel disposed in front of the display panel;
a light-blocking layer disposed on a front surface of the transparent panel by a sputtering process and configured to block a portion of light transmitted to the display panel;
an anti-graffiti layer disposed on a front surface of the light-blocking layer;
a light-absorbing layer disposed on a rear surface of the transparent panel and in front of the display panel and between the transparent panel and the display panel; and
an anti-fog layer disposed on a rear surface of the light-absorbing layer,
wherein the light-blocking layer is disposed between the anti-graffiti layer and the transparent panel,
wherein the light-absorbing layer comprises a polarizing film having a front surface and a rear surface, and a ?/4 film having a front surface and a rear surface, and
wherein the front surface of the polarizing film is attached to the rear surface of the transparent panel, the front surface of the ?/4 film is attached to the rear surface of the polarizing film, and the anti-fog layer is attached to the rear surface of the ?/4 film.

US Pat. No. 10,191,177

APPARATUS AND A METHOD FOR METAL DETECTION INVOLVING A MOBILE TERMINAL WITH A DISPLAY

Nokia Technologies Oy, E...

1. An apparatus comprising:at least one first signal loop configured to receive a first signal;
at least one second signal loop magnetically coupled with the at least one first signal loop configured to generate a second signal based on induction when the at least one first signal loop receives the first signal and is magnetically coupled with the at least one second signal loop; and
a signal processor configured to monitor the second signal and determine a presence of at least one metal object dependent on induction interference of the at least one metal object on the second signal when the at least one first signal loop is magnetically coupled with the at least one second signal loop.

US Pat. No. 10,191,176

DOOR ASSEMBLY FOR AN MRI ROOM

Metrasens Limited, Malve...

1. An MRI room door assembly for use in protecting an entrance to a room containing an MRI scanner system, the assembly comprising a doorframe that is suitable of being fixed in position within or around an opening to the room, a door that is fixed to the doorframe, and a sealing arrangement that seals the door to the frame when it is at rest in the closed position and which is released as a user initiates an opening of the door, in which at least one or more of the door and the doorframe include a built in safety system which provides a function relating to preventing ferromagnetic objects being brought unintentionally close to the MRI machine,in which the safety system comprises a ferromagnetic detection system (FMDS) arranged in use to warn a person approaching the door with a ferromagnetic object that they should not enter the room through the door with the ferromagnetic object;
in which the FMDS comprises:
a primary sensor means comprising at least one passive magnetic sensor means which detects the disturbances in the ambient magnetic field which occur as the ferromagnetic object moves through the field;
a secondary non-magnetic sensor means which detects movement of objects in the vicinity of the primary sensor means; and
a processing circuit which is arranged to monitor the signals from the sensors and to provide an alarm in the event that both the primary and secondary sensor means detect a moving ferromagnetic object,
in which the signal processing circuit is configured to identify temporal variations in the measurement signal due to the movement of a ferromagnetic object within the ambient magnetic field and to correlate the identified temporal variations in the measurement signal with instances in which the non-magnetic sensor means detects the presence of an object in its detection zone, and in which the signal processing circuit is arranged to cause the alarm to operate in the event that the correlation is indicative of the presence of a ferromagnetic object in the primary detection zone, and
further in which the signal processing circuit is adapted to determine the direction from which the object is approaching the doorway from the output signals from the non-magnetic sensor means and to modify the operation of the alarm dependent on the direction of approach.

US Pat. No. 10,191,173

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR EVALUATING ANNULAR MATERIAL USING BEAMFORMING FROM ACOUSTIC ARRAYS

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A method, comprising:placing a logging tool into a cased well, the logging tool coupled to an array of acoustic transmitters and an array of acoustic receivers;
insonifying, by a plurality of sets of transmitters of the array of acoustic transmitters, each set including at least two transmitters, a casing of the well with a plurality of acoustic signals at a plurality of angles relative to a normal of the casing, wherein each signal of the plurality is generated by one of the sets of the plurality, wherein the plurality of signals are varied over a suitable range of angles relative to the normal of the casing, and wherein insonifying the casing with each of the plurality of acoustic signals further comprises:
applying, by the logging tool, a predetermined time gating of the corresponding set of transmitters in order to pulse each of the transmitters of said set with a selected delay relative to a reference time; and generating an associated acoustic signal based on respective transmissions by transmitters of said set according to said time gating, wherein the sum of the respective transmissions by transmitters of said set creates the associated acoustic signal,
receiving, by a plurality of sets of receivers of the array of acoustic receivers, a plurality of response signals corresponding to the insonification with the plurality of acoustic signals;
based on the plurality of response signals, detecting and selectively exciting a plurality of Lamb modes with specific acoustic signals having specific angle relative to the normal of the casing, and
determining, by the logging tool based at least in part on the specific response signals corresponding to the insonification with the specific acoustic signals, one or more properties associated with an annulus between the casing and a formation of the cased well.

US Pat. No. 10,191,167

CORRECTING THE EFFECTS OF DEVIATION AND DISPERSION ON SONIC LOG MEASUREMENTS OF DEVIATED WELLS IN LAMINATED FORMATIONS

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method comprising:a) defining, by a processor, Thomsen parameters for each log measurement depth using at least one of one or more formation constituents, one or more predetermined formation constraints, one or more predetermined formation type cut-offs and maximum Thomsen parameters for the formation;
b) correcting, by the processor, shear wave travel time (DTS) and compressional wave travel time (DTC) simultaneously for deviation and dispersion on sonic log measurements of deviated wells using the Thomsen parameters and a non-linear solver;
c) calculating, by the processor, dispersion, shear wave velocity with horizontal polarizations at 90 degrees (VSH90), shear wave velocity with horizontal polarizations at 0 degrees (VSH0), compressional wave velocity at 0 degrees (VP0), compressional wave velocity at 90 degrees (VP90), shear wave velocity at ? degrees (VSV?), and new Thomsen parameters based on the corrected sonic log measurements; and
d) plotting, by the processor, the actual log measurements and the calculated dispersion, VSH90, VSH0, VP0, VP90, VSV?, new Thomsen parameters on separate respective graphs;
e) building, by the processor, a model of the deviated well using the calculated dispersion, VSH90, VSH0, VP0, VP90, VSV?, and new Thomsen parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,191,166

COMPLEX PORE GEOMETRY MODELING BY CONTINUOUSLY VARYING INCLUSIONS (CI) METHOD FOR ELASTIC PARAMETER PREDICTION USING INCLUSION MODELS

CGG SERVICES SAS, Massy ...

1. A method for predicting elastic parameters of a subsurface, the method comprising:generating models for changes in shear modulus and changes in bulk modulus of the subsurface as a combination of a host medium shear modulus and host medium bulk modulus and a plurality of inclusion shear moduli and inclusion bulk moduli, each inclusion shear modulus and inclusion bulk modulus comprising an unique inclusion geometry; and
using an inclusion-based rock physical model to solve the models for changes in shear modulus and changes in bulk modulus to predict an effective shear modulus of the subsurface and an effective bulk modulus of the subsurface;
wherein the effective shear module and the effective bulk module are used to generate an image of the subsurface, the image being usable for selecting drilling sites, monitoring well production and/or designing fracking operations.

US Pat. No. 10,191,163

METHOD FOR THE ABSOLUTE CALIBRATION OF THE LOCATION AND ORIENTATION OF LARGE-FORMAT DETECTORS USING LASER RADAR

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of mapping pixel locations of a detector array comprising:measuring a location on the detector array;
initiating a frame readout of the detector array;
measuring a location of one or more metrology targets on the detector array;
analyzing the frame readout to identify a pixel at the location on the detector array measured by the laser radar system; and
defining a location of the identified pixel with respect to the location of the one or more metrology targets.

US Pat. No. 10,191,162

RADIATION HARD SILICON DETECTORS FOR X-RAY IMAGING

PRISMATIC SENSORS AB, St...

1. A detector system for x-ray imaging, said detector system comprising:a detector having a plurality of adjacent edge-on detector modules, wherein:
each of said edge-on detector modules comprises a first edge that is adapted to be oriented towards an x-ray source and a front-side running essentially parallel to the direction of incoming x-rays, said front-side comprising at least one charge collecting electrode and routing traces connecting the at least one charge collecting electrode with front-end electronics; and
at least a subset of said plurality of adjacent edge-on detector modules being pairwise arranged, front-side to front-side, whereby a front-side to front-side gap is defined between the front-sides of said pairwise arranged edge-on detector modules; and wherein
each said pairwise arranged edge-on detector modules include an anti-scatter collimator arranged in the x-ray path between said x-ray source and said edge-on detector modules and overlapping said front-side to front-side gap, said anti-scatter collimator being arranged to protect the front-side surface of both detector modules in each said pairwise arranged edge-on detector module from damaging x-rays, and
each pair of said pairwise arranged edge-on detector modules further include an anti-scatter foil located in said front-side to front-side gap between the front-sides of said pairwise arranged edge-on detector modules.

US Pat. No. 10,191,160

STAGGERED DETECTOR ARRAY FOR LOCATING RADIOACTIVE SOURCES

1. A detector array for locating a radioactive source, comprising:at least twenty slab-shaped detectors configured to detect particles from the radioactive source, each detector being positioned parallel to an aiming plane that runs centrally from the back to the front of the detector array, wherein said at least twenty slab-shaped detectors are stacked face-to-face, wherein said at least twenty slab-shaped detectors are arranged in an alternating sequence of frontward and rearward detectors, and wherein each rearward detector is offset from one or more adjacent frontward detectors by a distance of 1 to 3 times the thickness of each of said at least twenty slab-shaped detectors, and wherein the thickness of each of said at least twenty slab-shaped detectors is 1 to 3 times the average interaction distance of the particles therein; and
a processor configured to be communicatively coupled to said at least twenty slab-shaped detectors and further configured to determine a front-versus-back position of the radioactive source by comparing a frontward detection peak associated with the frontward detectors with a rearward detection peak associated with the rearward detectors.

US Pat. No. 10,191,159

RADIATION MEASUREMENT DEVICE

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. A radiation measurement device, comprising:a radiation detector that detects radiation to thereby output a detection current signal;
a metering instrument that has: a signal converter for performing signal conversion of the detection current signal; a signal processor for processing a signal converted by the signal converter; a calculator for calculating an engineering value from a value processed by the signal processor; a selector which can operationally select a normal mode or a test mode; and a test-current generator for generating, when a DC voltage is supplied thereto from a power supply, a test current signal simulated for the detection current signal, and then inputting to the detection current signal, the test current signal to be superimposed thereon; and
a signal input line that connects the radiation detector and the metering instrument to each other, and has an input terminal placed between the radiation detector and the metering instrument, for inputting from the test-current generator;
wherein, when the test mode is operationally selected, the test current signal is superimposed on the detection current signal by the test-current generator, and then they are subjected to signal conversion by the signal converter, and when the normal mode is operationally selected, only the detection current signal is subjected to signal conversion by the signal converter; and
wherein, when the normal mode is operationally selected, the test-current generator interrupts inputting of the test current signal from the test-current generator to the input terminal, and diverts the test current signal to a potential same as a potential at the input terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,191,158

GNSS RECEIVER CALCULATING A NON-AMBIGUOUS DISCRIMINATOR TO RESOLVE SUBCARRIER TRACKING AMBIGUITIES

1. A receiver for tracking a GNSS positioning signal comprising a carrier modulated by a subcarrier and a spreading code, the receiver comprising:at least one tracking loop configured to calculate a first pseudo range from said GNSS positioning signal,
a first discrimination circuit configured to calculate an ambiguous discriminator value from the subcarrier and the spreading code of said GNSS positioning signal,
a calculation circuit configured to calculate a non-ambiguous value representative of a tracking error of said tracking loop,
a second discrimination circuit configured to select alternately one of said ambiguous discriminator value and said value calculated by the calculation circuit, and to generate a first non-ambiguous discriminator value, an amplitude of which is based on an amplitude of the selected value, and a sign of which is a sign of said value calculated by the calculation circuit, the first pseudo range being calculated using said first non-ambiguous discriminator.

US Pat. No. 10,191,156

VARIABLE FLUX ALLOCATION WITHIN A LIDAR FOV TO IMPROVE DETECTION IN A REGION

INNOVIZ TECHNOLOGIES LTD....

1. A LIDAR system, comprising:at least one processor configured to:
control at least one light source in a manner enabling light intensity to vary over a scan of a field of view using light from the at least one light source;
control at least one light deflector to deflect light from the at least one light source in order to scan the field of view;
obtain an identification of at least one distinct region of interest in the field of view;
during a first scanning cycle, cause light to be projected at a first light intensity toward at least one field of view pixel associated with the at least one distinct region of interest, wherein the at least one field of view pixel corresponds to a portion of the field of view from which reflected light is translated into a single data point; and
following the first scanning cycle and during at least one subsequent second scanning cycle, increase light allocation to the at least one distinct region of interest relative to other regions in the field of view by causing light to be projected at a second light intensity, higher than the first light intensity, toward the at least one field of view pixel associated with the at least one distinct region of interest.

US Pat. No. 10,191,154

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR TIME-OF-FLIGHT IMAGING

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A method comprising:(a) emitting amplitude-modulated light that illuminates a scene and varying modulation frequency of the light in a sweep of modulation frequency that includes three or more modulation frequencies;
(b) applying an electrical reference signal to a set of pixels in a camera and varying frequency of the reference signal in such a way that frequency of the reference signal is equal to modulation frequency of the light at each of the modulation frequencies of the sweep; and
(c) for each respective pixel in the set of pixels
(i) outputting a vector of cross-correlations measured by the respective pixel at different modulation frequencies during the sweep, in such a way that, for each given modulation frequency in the sweep, the vector includes a measured cross-correlation of the reference signal and of a signal comprising reflected light, which reflected light is at the given modulation frequency and is incident on the respective pixel after reflecting from the scene,
(ii) performing spectral analysis of a discrete-valued signal encoded by the vector, which spectral analysis computes a dual frequency of the discrete-valued signal, and
(iii) calculating, based on the dual frequency
(A) optical path length of a path along which light travels to the respective pixel, or
(B) depth of a scene point that corresponds to the respective pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,191,152

LOW-COST LIGHTWEIGHT INTEGRATED ANTENNA FOR AIRBORNE WEATHER RADAR

Honeywell International I...

1. A weather radar system comprising an integrated radar antenna, the integrated radar antenna comprising a multi-layer circuit board comprising:a slotted array waveguide antenna, wherein the slotted array waveguide antenna comprises a substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) antenna;
radar transmitter electronics in signal communication with the slotted array waveguide antenna, wherein the radar transmit electronics, in conjunction with the slotted array waveguide antenna, are configured to output radar signals;
radar receiver electronics in signal communication with the slotted array waveguide antenna, wherein the radar receiver electronics are configured to receive from the slotted array waveguide antenna radar reflections corresponding to the outputted radar signals.

US Pat. No. 10,191,150

HIGH PRECISION RADAR TO TRACK AERIAL TARGETS

1. High Precision Radar To Track Aerial Targets, installed on the ground, in a container or in a vehicle, which determines the following parameters of the target, namely, azimuth angle (?a), elevation angle (?e), range, speed and flying direction and transmits them to another system said radar comprising an array of two collinear antennas with narrow beam in elevation wherein electromagnetic wave energy radiated from said antennas is spread over a 120-degrees beam width in azimuth installed on a platform and rotating around a vertical axis at a rotational frequency of, at least, 50 rpm, wherein the precise azimuth angle of the target (?a) is determined through correlation of the signal detected by the said antennas and a +1/?1 step function, wherein an adder is configured to sum the signals of target localizers gaining 3 dB wherein a correlator is configured to correlate an output lobe of the adder and the +1/?1 function, wherein a zero localizer is configured to search for a transition of said correlated signal through zero.

US Pat. No. 10,191,149

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SEMANTIC SENSING

LUCOMM TECHNOLIGIES, INC....

1. A semantic sensing system comprising:a first sensing entity;
a semantic engine coupled with the first sensing entity;
a memory associated with the semantic engine, the memory storing a plurality of semantics;
the memory further storing
a first semantic inference rule for a composite semantic comprising a group semantic;
the semantic engine further being configured to perform a control action by:
inferring the composite semantic based on an input from the first sensing entity at a first time and the first semantic inference rule;
adjusting a weight for the composite semantic based on an external input;
and performing the control action based on the adjusted weight for the composite semantic.

US Pat. No. 10,191,147

ULTRASOUND BASED CONFIGURATION DETECTION OF A MULTIPART ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. An electronic apparatus, comprising:a first portion having an ultrasound emitter;
a second portion having an ultrasound sensor, the first portion and the second portion arranged to be movable with respect to each other thereby allowing distance between the ultrasound emitter and the ultrasound sensor to vary, wherein the first portion and the second portion are arranged to be foldable with respect to each other in a folding angle;
a measurement unit configured to measure current propagation delay of an ultrasound wave from the ultrasound emitter to the ultrasound sensor; and
a calculation unit configured to:
calculate current distance between the ultrasound emitter and the ultrasound sensor based on the measured current propagation delay of the ultrasound wave from the ultrasound emitter to the ultrasound sensor; and
determine a current folding angle based on the calculated current distance between the ultrasound emitter and the ultrasound sensor and further based on configuration information about the first portion and the second portion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,145

INTEGRATED OPTICAL SYSTEM WITH OPTICAL PHASED ARRAY PHOTONIC INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

Eric Swanson, Gloucester...

1. An integrated optical system comprising:a frequency tunable optical source;
a coherent optical receiver; and
a photonic integrated circuit (PIC) having an optical phased array that couples light to/from a sample, the optical phased array comprising a plurality of antenna elements that are configured to generate a wavelength dependent emission angle that is wavelength tuned in one dimension and configured to generate an emission angle that is at least partially phase tuned in another dimension,
wherein said system is configured such that when the frequency tunable optical source is tuned in optical frequency said coherent optical receiver produces electrical signals that are processed to produce optical information about the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,191,143

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CALIBRATING AN IQ MODULATOR

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A method for calibrating an IQ modulator, the method comprising:a) setting one or more control values of the IQ modulator corresponding to a desired constellation point of a constellation diagram to generate an IQ modulating signal;
b) mixing the IQ modulating signal with a carrier signal to generate an IQ modulated transmit signal;
c) transmitting the IQ modulated transmit signal towards a predefined object at a predefined location;
d) receiving a reflection of the IQ modulated transmit signal from the predefined object;
e) mixing the received reflection of the IQ modulated transmit signal with the carrier signal to generate a down-converted receive signal;
f) comparing an amplitude and/or phase of the down-converted receive signal with the desired constellation point of the constellation diagram; and
g) adjusting the one or more control values of the IQ modulator until a deviation between the amplitude and/or phase of the down-converted receive signal and the desired constellation point falls below a predefined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,191,142

DIGITAL FREQUENCY MODULATED CONTINUOUS WAVE RADAR USING HANDCRAFTED CONSTANT ENVELOPE MODULATION

Uhnder, Inc., Austin, TX...

1. A method for determining a frequency modulation of a continuous wave radar for a vehicle, the method comprising:generating, with a code generator, a symbol stream comprising a time-sequence of modulating symbols, each symbol belonging to a limited set of symbols having unique numerical values;
feeding the symbol stream through one of (i) a shaping and (ii) filtering process to obtain a sequence of shaped or filtered symbols, respectively, comprising multiple sample values per symbol period, wherein the sample values represent samples of the shaped or filtered symbols at instants separated by intervals of a fraction of a time period between successive symbols;
calculating, with a waveform selection module, for the sample instants, (I, Q) samples of I and Q waveforms resulting from frequency modulating a carrier signal with the sequence of modulating symbols, wherein each I value is equal to a cosine of resulting instantaneous carrier phases at the sample instants, and each Q value is equal to a sine of the instantaneous carrier phases at the sample instants;
for each selected set of symbol values for a plurality of successive symbols on which a waveform is to depend, producing an average waveform over all symbol values outside the selected set of symbol values; and on which the waveform is not to depend, superimposing all waveforms within plus and minus half a symbol period of the center symbol of each selected set of symbols having the same set of values and averaging the superimposed I, Q samples to produce for each selected set of symbols an averaged set of I, Q samples, and an average waveform, wherein each selected set of symbol values for a plurality of successive symbols are corresponding selected patterns of the successive symbols; and
recording, with the waveform selection module, final I, Q values to be stored in a memory for subsequent use in producing the frequency modulation in the frequency modulated continuous wave radar.

US Pat. No. 10,191,138

RFID-BASED SYSTEMS FOR MONITORING LARGE AREAS

AVERY DENNISON RETAIL INF...

1. A system for locating RFID tags in an area, comprising:a platform;
an RFID reader head associated with the platform;
at least one support extending between the platform and an anchor position within an area, with a separate anchor position being associated with each support; and
at least one support adjustment device, with a separate support adjustment device being associated with each support, wherein each support adjustment device is operable to adjust the length of the associated support between the platform and the anchor position associated with said support, thereby varying the location of the RFID reader head in the area.

US Pat. No. 10,191,133

MR IMAGING USING MULTI-ECHO SEGMENTED K-SPACE ACQUISITION

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V, ...

1. A method of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of an object placed in an examination volume of a MR device, the method comprising the steps of:subjecting the object to a number of shots of a multi-echo imaging sequence, a train of echo signals being generated by each shot,
acquiring the echo signals, wherein each echo signal represents a k-space profile, wherein k-space is divided into a central k-space part and one or more peripheral k-space parts, wherein the central k-space part is sampled by a single shot of the multi-echo imaging sequence, and wherein the peripheral k-space parts are sampled by one or more further shots of the multi-echo sequence,
wherein sampling of the peripheral k-space parts starts at a position in k-space where the sampling of the central k-space part starts and/or the sampling of the peripheral k-space parts ends at a position in k-space where the sampling of the central k-space part ends,
wherein the k-space profiles acquired from adjacent positions in k-space have adjacent or identical echo index numbers, the echo index number indicating the position of each echo signal within the train of echo signals generated by each shot of the multi-echo imaging sequence, and
reconstructing a MR image from the k-space profiles.

US Pat. No. 10,191,132

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MULTI-SLICE IMAGING OF T2-RELAXATION TIME

BETH ISRAEL DEACONESS MED...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method comprising:performing a first image acquisition module of a pulse sequence to acquire a first MR data from slices disposed at different locations in a region of interest (ROI) of an object, by applying, to each of the slices, a slice-selective magnetization preparation module and an imaging module, the slice-selective magnetization preparation module being executed with a first T2 preparation time having a first time echo;
performing a second image acquisition module of the pulse sequence, to acquire a second MR data from the slices disposed at the different locations of the ROI, by applying, to each of the slices, the slice-selective magnetization preparation module and the imaging module, the slice-selective magnetization preparation module being executed with a second T2 preparation time having a second time echo different from the first time echo;
generating a T2 map based on the first MR data and the second MR data; and
displaying the T2 map as a viewable medical image of the ROI.

US Pat. No. 10,191,130

DEVICE FOR SEQUENTIAL EXAMINATION OF A MEASUREMENT OBJECT BY MEANS OF MPI AND MRI METHODS

BRUKER BIOSPIN MRI GMBH, ...

1. A device for alternating examination of a measurement object by means of MPI (magnetic particle imaging) and by means of MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), the device comprising:a resistive drive field coil system for generating a drive field, said resistive drive field coil system having electrical feed lines;
a resistive MRI gradient coil system;
a main magnet coil system disposed around a z axis, said main magnet coil system having two coaxial partial coil systems that are arranged mirror-symmetrically with respect to a central plane running perpendicularly to the z axis through a first volume under investigation, said main magnet coil system generating a homogeneous field of at least 0.5 T and of at least 6th order for MRI operation within said first volume under investigation and a spatially strongly varying magnetic field profile for MPI operation within a second volume under investigation, wherein said first and said second volumes under investigation at least partially overlap, said spatially strongly varying magnetic field profile having field vectors which are different with respect to direction or magnitude at all spatial points and having a field magnitude zero at one spatial point;
a device for reversing a polarity of current through one of said partial coil systems, wherein said main magnet coil system is designed in such a fashion that it generates said homogeneous magnetic field in said first volume under investigation when polarities of said partial coil systems are the same and said spatially strongly varying magnetic field profile in said second volume under investigation when said polarities are opposite; and
a linearly controlled power supply, said linearly controlled power supply supplying a direct current to said partial coil systems, wherein said direct current is held stable to ppm during MRI operation.

US Pat. No. 10,191,129

OPERATING A MAGNETIC RESONANCE TOMOGRAPH

1. A method for operating a magnetic resonance tomograph having at least one receiving antenna, at least one converter device for analog/digital conversion, and a programmable computing device, the method comprising:generating, by the at least one converter device, digital measured values, the generating comprising digitizing an analog reception signal from the at least one receiving antenna, at least one analog signal derived from the analog reception signal, or a combination thereof;
adding, by a time-coding device, an item of time information that describes a recording time of the digital measured values to each of the digital measured values or to groups of digital measured values comprising a plurality of the digital measured values in order to generate a time-coded data stream; and
further processing, by the programmable computing device, the time-coded data stream.

US Pat. No. 10,191,128

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR LOOPS-OVER-LOOPS MRI COILS

Life Services, LLC, Minn...

1. An apparatus for receiving radio-frequency (RF) signals suitable for magnetic-resonance imaging (MRI) from radio-frequency (RF) antenna loops that are overlapped and/or concentric, in order to receive signal and improve signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the received signal, the apparatus comprising:a substrate having a first major surface and a second major surface;
a plurality of pairs of RF antenna loops affixed to the substrate including:
a first pair of RF antenna loops,
a second pair of RF antenna loops, and
a third pair of RF antenna loops,
wherein each pair of RF antenna loops in the plurality of pairs of RF antenna loops includes a first RF antenna loop and a second RF antenna loop located such that a center point of the first antenna loop and a center point of the second antenna loop are both located on a single line perpendicular to a plane of the first RF antenna loop,
wherein the first pair of RF antenna loops and the second pair of RF antenna loops are partially overlapped with one another,
wherein the first pair of RF antenna loops and the third pair of RF antenna loops are partially overlapped with one another, and
wherein the second pair of RF antenna loops and the third pair of RF antenna loops are partially overlapped with one another;
a first plurality of pairs of RF receiver units affixed to the substrate including:
a first pair of RF receiver units connected to receive signals from the first pair of RF antenna loops,
a second pair of RF receiver units connected to receive signals from the second pair of RF antenna loops, and
a third pair of RF receiver units connected to receive signals from the third pair of RF antenna loops,
wherein each one of the first plurality of pairs of RF receiver units includes:
a first RF receiver unit operatively connected to the first RF antenna loop of the corresponding pair of RF antenna loops, and
a second RF receiver unit operatively connected to the second RF antenna loop of the corresponding pair of RF antenna loops; and
a first plurality of electronics units mounted on the substrate, wherein the first plurality of electronics units includes:
a first electronics unit connected to receive and add signals from the first pair of RF receiver units,
a second electronics unit connected to receive and add signals from the second pair of RF receiver units, and
a third electronics unit connected to receive and add signals from the third pair of RF receiver units, andwherein each one of the first plurality of electronics units adds the signals from the corresponding pair of RF receiver units in order to generate a decoded output signal that has improved SNR to form a first plurality of output signals;and
electronics operatively coupled to receive the first plurality of output signals from the first plurality of electronics units and configured to process the first plurality of output signals to generate MRI image slices of a patient being imaged.

US Pat. No. 10,191,127

MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING SYSTEM INCLUDING A PROTECTIVE COVER AND A CAMERA

Aspect Imaging Ltd., Sho...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system comprising:a MRI device having a bore that accommodates at least a portion of a patient, the bore also having an aperture;
a protective, semi-permeable, and at least partially transparent cover, located at the aperture of the bore, that contains RF shielding preventing an external RF radiation from entering the bore;
wherein the protective, semi-permeable, and at least partially transparent cover when open allows the patient entry access into the bore of the MRI device and when closed provides a radiofrequency (RF) shield that covers the aperture of the bore while also preventing an RF radiation emitted by the MRI device from exiting the bore; and
a camera positioned adjacent to the RF shielding of the protective semi-permeable, and at least partially transparent cover, where the camera is without electromagnetic shielding and the camera is positioned external to the bore and external to an area of RF radiation emitted within the bore, whereby the camera is still in proximity to a strong main static magnetic field produced by a large main magnetic field source that is part of the magnetic resonance imaging system itself, with the camera also being utilized in order to generate an image of at least the portion of the patient during operation of the MRI device where the presence of the RF shielding of the protective, semi-permeable, and at least partially transparent cover does not hinder the clinical usability of the generated image.

US Pat. No. 10,191,123

MAGNETIC FIELD MEASUREMENT DEVICE

AICHI STEEL CORPORATION, ...

1. A magnetic field measurement device for measuring a magnetic field, comprising:a magneto-impedance sensor including:
a magneto-sensitive body,
a detection coil that is wound around the magneto-sensitive body and outputs a voltage corresponding to a magnetic field acting on the magneto-sensitive body, and
a magnetic field generation coil that is wound around the magneto-sensitive body and generates a magnetic field upon energization;
a sensitivity calculation means for calculating a sensitivity, the sensitivity being a value that is obtained by varying a value of a current flowing in the magnetic field generation coil to vary the magnetic field acting on the magneto-sensitive body in a state where an outside-sensor magnetic field that acts on the magneto-sensitive body from outside the magneto-impedance sensor is constant, and dividing a variation in an output voltage of the detection coil by a variation in the magnetic field acting on the magneto-sensitive body; and
a magnetic field calculation means,
wherein the magneto-impedance sensor is mounted on a device,
the outside-sensor magnetic field is a composition magnetic field of an outside-device magnetic field that acts on the magneto-sensitive body from outside the device and an inside-device magnetic field that is generated from an electronic component provided inside the device and acts on the magneto-sensitive body, and
the magnetic field calculation means calculates a value of the outside-device magnetic field using the sensitivity calculated by the sensitivity calculation means and the output voltage of the detection coil.

US Pat. No. 10,191,122

PARAMETER IDENTIFICATION CIRCUIT, METHOD AND POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM APPLYING THE SAME

Silergy Semiconductor Tec...

1. A parameter identification circuit for a digital power converter having an inductor and a capacitor, the parameter identification circuit comprising:a) an inductor parameter circuit configured to receive an inductor current of said inductor, a capacitor voltage of said capacitor, a duty cycle in a start-up stage, and a predetermined inductor current, wherein said inductor parameter circuit is configured to obtain an inductor parameter according to an integrated value of said capacitor voltage, an integrated value of said duty cycle in said start-up stage, and said predetermined inductor current, when said inductor current rises to a level of said predetermined inductor current;
b) a capacitor parameter circuit configured to receive said inductor current, said capacitor voltage, and a predetermined capacitor voltage, wherein said capacitor parameter circuit is configured to obtain a capacitor parameter according to an integrated value of said inductor current and said predetermined capacitor voltage when said capacitor voltage rises to a level of said predetermined capacitor voltage; and
c) wherein said inductor parameter circuit is configured to obtain a product value by multiplying said integrated value of said duty cycle in said start-up stage by an input voltage, and to obtain a difference value by subtracting said integrated value of said capacitor voltage from said product value, wherein said inductor parameter is obtained by dividing said difference value by said predetermined inductor current.

US Pat. No. 10,191,121

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR VOLTAGE REGULATOR SELF-BURN-IN TEST

QUANTA COMPUTER INC., Ta...

1. A computer-implemented method for enabling a self-burn-in test of a power supply device (PSD) that comprises a modulation controller and a plurality of power stages, comprising:sending a first signal to switch a specific power stage of the plurality of power stages to an On state;
sending at least one second signal to switch other power stage(s) of the plurality of power stages to a Tri-state, wherein the other power stage(s) functions as a load during a time period that the specific power stage is in the On state; and
collecting output voltage, output current and temperature data from the specific power stage.

US Pat. No. 10,191,120

APPARATUS FOR DETECTING DEFECT OF ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM

LSIS CO., LTD., Anyang-s...

1. An apparatus for detecting a defect of an electric power system, the apparatus comprising:a first state signal output mechanism configured to output a first state signal corresponding to a magnetic force generated at a periphery of a line;
a second state signal output mechanism configured to output a second state signal based on a magnitude of a line current and an increase ratio thereof;
a defect determination mechanism configured to determine whether the electric power system is defective based on the first state signal and the second state signal; and
an optical signal conversion mechanism disposed between the first state signal output mechanism and the defect determination mechanism and configured to convert the first state signal into an optical signal when the first state signal is output from the first state signal output mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,191,119

INSPECTING APPARATUS AND INSPECTING METHOD FOR NONCONTACT POWER TRANSFER SYSTEM

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An inspecting apparatus for a noncontact power transfer system that includes:a transmitting device including:
a first electrode and a second electrode, and
an alternating-current voltage generating circuit configured to apply an alternating-current voltage between the first electrode and the second electrode; and
a receiving device including:
a third electrode and a fourth electrode,
a receiving circuit configured to convert an alternating-current voltage generated between the third electrode and the fourth electrode to a direct-current voltage, and
a load circuit connected to the receiving circuit,
wherein the noncontact power transfer system is configured to transfer electric power from the transmitting device to the receiving device by a first coupling capacitance formed between the first electrode and the third electrode and a second coupling capacitance formed between the second electrode and the fourth electrode,
the inspecting apparatus comprising:
a coupling capacitance varying unit configured to vary at least one of the first coupling capacitance and the second coupling capacitance when the receiving device is positioned on the transmitting device; and
a monitoring circuit configured to monitor at least one of the alternating-current voltage generated between the third electrode and the fourth electrode of the receiving device, the direct-current voltage or a load current supplied to the load circuit, the alternating-current voltage generated between the first electrode and the second electrode of the transmitting device, and an input voltage or an input current of the alternating-current voltage generating circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,191,117

BATTERY REMAINING POWER PREDICTING DEVICE AND BATTERY PACK

ABLIC INC., Chiba (JP)

1. A battery remaining power predicting device configured to measure a voltage and a temperature of a rechargeable battery and to predict a remaining power of the rechargeable battery, the device comprising:a voltage detection portion that measures the voltage and temperature of the rechargeable battery;
a computing portion that predicts and calculates the remaining power of the rechargeable battery, based on the voltage and the temperature; and
a controller that controls an operation of the battery remaining power predicting device and the computing portion,
wherein the controller executes a battery remaining power predicting flow for predicting and calculating the remaining power of the rechargeable battery, the battery remaining power prediction flow regressively calculating the battery remaining power, based on the measured voltage and temperature and a battery internal impedance in a battery equivalent circuit, and
the controller executes a secular change estimating flow for estimating a secular change in battery characteristics using a case where a battery current is in a constant current state.

US Pat. No. 10,191,116

BATTERY TEST SYSTEM FOR PREDICTING BATTERY TEST RESULTS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery testing system, comprising:a battery test computer comprising a tangible, non-transitory computer-readable medium storing a battery test management system implemented as one or more sets of instructions, wherein the battery test management system comprises a prediction module, a validation module, and a training module, and wherein the battery test computer comprises processing circuitry configured to execute the one or more sets of instructions;
a user interface communicatively coupled to the processing circuitry and configured to provide outputs to a user;
wherein the prediction module is configured predict a result of a standardized battery test conducted on a battery undergoing testing using less than all data required for the standardized battery test conducted on the battery undergoing testing to be completed, and to output, via the user interface, the predicted result and a confidence level associated with the predicted result;
wherein the validation module is configured to determine a validity of the predicted result using final test results from the standardized battery test conducted on the battery, and to output, via the user interface, a representation of the validity;
wherein the training module is configured to update training data using the validity generated by the validation module to update the prediction module;
wherein the prediction module comprises a battery test support vector machine (SVM) constructed using training data obtained from a plurality of battery samples, and the battery test SVM is a binary classification model configured to classify the battery undergoing testing into a pass category or a fail category based on a first feature and a second feature generated from battery test data obtained during the standardized battery test, and wherein the prediction module is configured to output, via the user interface, a plurality of predicted results of the standardized battery test for the battery at time intervals occurring before a full duration of the standardized battery test; and
wherein the standardized battery test simulates the normal operating conditions that would be experienced by the battery undergoing testing over an average lifetime of the particular type of the battery undergoing testing.

US Pat. No. 10,191,114

SYSTEM FOR ANALYSIS OF PARTIAL DISCHARGE DEFECTS OF GAS INSULATED SWITCHGEAR

LSIS CO., LTD., Anyang-s...

1. A system for analysis of partial discharge defects of a gas insulated switchgear, comprising:a detecting sensor configured to sense a signal generated from the gas insulated switchgear;
one or more neighboring sensors arranged close to the detecting sensor, and configured to sense a signal generated from the periphery of the detecting sensor;
a controller configured to determine whether the signal sensed by the detecting sensor is a partial discharge signal or not, configured to calculate a partial discharge charge amount and the number of times of partial discharges based on a detection signal sensed by the neighboring sensor when the partial discharge signal is sensed; and
a display unit configured to display partial discharge signal information based on the partial discharge signal or detection signal information based on the detection signal, under control of the controller,
wherein if it is determined that the signal sensed by the detecting sensor is the partial discharge signal,
the controller controls the display unit to display the partial discharge signal information based on the partial discharge signal and the detection signal information based on the detection signal when the partial discharge charge amount and the number of times of partial discharges are more than reference values, and
the controller controls the display unit to display only the partial discharge signal information based on the partial discharge signal when the partial discharge charge amount and the number of times of partial discharges are less than the reference values.

US Pat. No. 10,191,111

SYNCHRONIZED PULSED LADA FOR THE SIMULTANEOUS ACQUISITION OF TIMING DIAGRAMS AND LASER-INDUCED UPSETS

DCG Systems, Inc., Fremo...

1. A method, comprising:sequentially directing a laser beam comprising a train of laser pulses on a plurality of pixel locations within an area of interest of a device under test (DUT);
at each pixel location of the plurality of pixel locations, repetitively applying, at a clock rate established by a clock signal, a test signal that places the DUT in a marginal state and temporally scanning arrival times of the laser pulses at at least one of the pixel locations with respect to the clock signal; and
for each at least one pixel location and at least two of the arrival times, recording a pass/fail result of the DUT so as to determine a probability of failure rate versus arrival time during the test signal for the plurality of pixel locations and arrival times.

US Pat. No. 10,191,109

EMBEDDED TRANSIENT SCANNING SYSTEMS, TRANSIENT SCANNING DATA VISUALIZATION SYSTEMS, AND/OR RELATED METHODS

Pragma Design, Inc., Ber...

1. A transient scanning and data visualization system comprising:one or more transient event detectors associated with one or more nodes and configured to detect whether a transient event was incident on an associated node;
one or more intensity detection circuits configured to determine an intensity level of a transient event if the transient event is detected by a transient event detector for an associated node; and
a monitoring circuit configured to determine the effect of transient events based on stored transient event characteristics for the one or more nodes, including an indication of whether a transient event was incident at a node and the corresponding intensity level of the transient event;
wherein the system is configured to be operable to import transient scanning datasets, render and display the imported transient scanning datasets, highlight detection nodes and connections according to selection points, and export important segments into a failure analysis report, presentation, or video.

US Pat. No. 10,191,106

TECHNIQUES TO IDENTIFY A PROCESS CORNER

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for identifying a process corner of an integrated circuit having a first asymmetrical ring oscillator (ARO1) including pull-up transistors that have a low threshold voltage (LVT) and pull-down transistors that have a regular threshold voltage (RVT), and a second asymmetrical ring oscillator (ARO2) including pull-up transistors that have an RVT and pull-down transistors having an LVT, comprising:applying an ultra-low power supply voltage to the ARO1 and the ARO2, wherein the applied ultra-low power supply voltage causes the integrated circuit to operate near a verge of malfunction;
measuring an output frequency of the ARO1;
measuring an output frequency of the ARO2;
calculating a calculated ratio of the output frequency of the ARO1 and the output frequency of the ARO2; and
comparing the calculated ratio to a fiduciary ratio, wherein the fiduciary ratio is of the output frequency of the ARO1 and the output frequency of the ARO2 at a typical-typical (TT) process corner, a slow-slow (SS) process corner, or a fast-fast (FF) process corner, and wherein if the calculated ratio is more than a first number of times the fiduciary ratio or less than a second number of times the fiduciary ratio, then a value of a manufactured process variation of the integrated circuit is substantially at an asymmetric process corner.

US Pat. No. 10,191,105

METHOD FOR MAKING A SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE INCLUDING THRESHOLD VOLTAGE MEASUREMENT CIRCUITRY

ATOMERA INCORPORATED, Lo...

1. A method for making a semiconductor device comprising:forming active circuitry on a substrate and comprising a plurality of differential transistor pairs; and
forming threshold voltage test circuitry on the substrate and comprising
a pair of differential test transistors replicating the differential transistor pairs within the active circuitry, each test transistor having a respective input and output, and
at least one gain stage configured to amplify a difference between the outputs of the differential test transistors for measuring a threshold voltage thereof;
wherein the plurality of differential transistor pairs and the pair of differential test transistors each comprises spaced apart source and drain regions, a channel region extending between the source and drain regions, and a gate overlying the channel region;
wherein each of the channel regions comprises a superlattice, the superlattice comprising a plurality of stacked groups of layers with each group of layers comprising a plurality of stacked base semiconductor monolayers defining a base semiconductor portion and at least one non-semiconductor monolayer thereon constrained within a crystal lattice of adjacent base semiconductor portions.

US Pat. No. 10,191,104

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE INSPECTION DEVICE AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE INSPECTION METHOD

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. A system for inspecting a semiconductor device serving as a device under test, the system comprising:a light source configured to generate light to be irradiated to the semiconductor device;
a tester configured to apply a test signal to the semiconductor device;
a light detector configured to detect the light reflected by the semiconductor device and output a detection signal;
a first analyzer configured to measure first phase information;
a second analyzer configured to measure second phase information;
a time base signal generator electrically coupled to the first analyzer and the second analyzer and configured to generate a time base signal and input the time base signal to the first analyzer and the second analyzer; and
a computer electrically coupled to the first analyzer and the second analyzer and configured to determine phase information at a predetermined frequency based on the first phase information and the second phase information,
wherein the detection signal is input to at least one of the first analyzer and the second analyzer.

US Pat. No. 10,191,102

AUTOMATIC CURRENT TRANSFORMER POLARITY CORRECTION

UTILITY RELAY COMPANY, C...

1. A method of processing current transformer data, comprising the steps of:obtaining, by an electronic protection controller for a circuit breaker, first current data based on a first current signal from a first current transformer on a first phase of a three-phase electrical circuit protected by the circuit breaker;
obtaining, by the electronic protection controller, second current data based on a second current signal from a second current transformer on a second phase of the three-phase electrical circuit;
obtaining, by the electronic protection controller, third current data based on a third current signal from a third current transformer on a third phase of the three-phase electrical circuit;
determining, using at least the first current data, the second current data, and the third current data, whether one of the first current transformer, the second current transformer, and the third current transformer is an improper polarity phase current transformer that is connected to the electronic protection controller with an improper polarity by determining whether a magnitude of a vector sum of a first phase current on the first phase of the three-phase electrical circuit, a second phase current on the second phase of the three-phase electrical circuit, and a third phase current on the third phase of the three-phase electrical circuit is greater than each individual magnitude of the first phase current, the second phase current, and the third phase current;
upon determining that said one of the first current transformer, the second current transformer, and the third current transformer is an improper polarity phase current transformer that is connected to the electronic protection controller with an improper polarity, automatically inverting, by the electronic protection controller, obtained current data corresponding to the improper polarity phase current transformer;
performing a ground fault calculation using automatically inverted current data corresponding to the improper polarity phase current transformer;
generating a trip command, by a trip signal output, upon detection of the ground fault, and
providing the trip command to a circuit breaker actuator.

US Pat. No. 10,191,100

HIGH-POWERED HIGH-VOLTAGE TEST DEVICE WITH INTEGRATED ACTIVE AIR COOLING

B2 ELECTRONIC GMBH, Klau...

1. A high-power high-voltage test device comprising:means for generating a test voltage, wherein the test voltage is an a.c. voltage with an amplitude of at least 100 kV and a power of higher than 1 kW and wherein the means for generating the test voltage comprise at least two voltage-amplifier branches, a first voltage-amplifier branch for generating the positive voltage half-waves of the test voltage and a second voltage-amplifier branch for generating the negative voltage half-waves of the test voltage, and
a measuring circuit for measuring the test voltage to be applied to a measurement object and the test current induced thereby in the measurement object,
wherein each of the first and second voltage-amplifier branches is mounted in a separate subassembly, each branch provided with a separate integrated active air cooling.

US Pat. No. 10,191,098

ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENT DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING AN ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENT DEVICE

1. An electronic measurement device, comprising:a signal generation unit, which is configured to generate a signal that is applied to an input node of a device under test;
a controlling unit which is configured to control the signal generation unit in that the generated signal is at least adjustable in its signal frequency;
a sweeping unit, which obtains a predefined start frequency value, a predefined stop frequency value, and a predefined step-width value to adjust a signal frequency of the generated signal that is applied to the input node of the device under test; and
at least a receiving unit, wherein the receiving unit retrieves a signal from an output node of the device under test in time domain and has a broadband input bandwidth,
wherein a high impedance probe is applied to an input node of the receiving unit,
wherein the electronic measurement device is configured to perform a normalization procedure prior to a comparing step in order to avoid the influence of one or more internal errors of the electronic measuring device, and
wherein the normalization procedure comprises the following steps:
shorting of an appropriate signal probe that is connected to the receiving unit for retrieving the signal from the output node of the device under test;
stepwise adjusting a signal value of the generated signal;
measuring the retrieved signal with the shorted probe; and
storing a measured value for each adjusted signal value.

US Pat. No. 10,191,094

SYNCHROPHASOR MEASUREMENT METHOD FOR POWER SYSTEMS

University of Tennessee R...

11. An electronic device for a power system, comprising:a sensor;
a global positioning system (GPS) receiver;
one or more processors; and
memory storing instructions adapted to be executed by the one or more processors to perform operations comprising:
receiving samples of a signal sensed by the sensor from the power system, the samples being synchronized to an output of the GPS receiver;
determining a level of distortion of the signal;
selecting, based on the level of distortion, a computation method, the computation method being one of an improved zero-crossing (IZC) method and an enhanced phase-lock-loop (EPLL) method;
performing the selected computation method to determine at least one parameter of the signal at a reporting frequency, which is at least twice a line frequency of the power system; and
outputting, at the reporting frequency, the at least one parameter to an operator of the power system to allow the operator to perform at least one of a monitoring and a controlling of at least one element of the power system.

US Pat. No. 10,191,092

TIME DOMAIN MEASURING METHOD WITH CALIBRATION IN THE FREQUENCY RANGE

1. A method for determining an electric voltage u(t) and/or an electric current i(t) of a RF signal on an electric cable in a calibration plane that compensates for distortions based on input signal reflections, said method comprising:electrically connecting a time domain measuring device to a device under test, said time domain measuring device having measuring inputs which distort parameters to be measured as a result of input signal reflections;
connecting the device under test electrically with the calibration plane;
electrically connecting a directional coupler to the time domain measuring device;
decoupling a first component v3(t) of a first RF signal which, starting out from a signal input, runs in the direction of the calibration plane through the directional coupler feeding said first component into the time domain measuring device at a first measuring input and measured there;
decoupling a second component v4(t) of a second RF signal which, starting out from the calibration plane, runs in the direction of the signal input through the directional coupler;
feeding said second component into the time domain measuring device at a second measuring input and measured there;
transforming the signal components v3(t), v4(t), by a first mathematical operation, into the frequency domain as wave quantities V3(f) and V4;
determining absolute wave quantities a2 and b2 in the frequency domain in the calibration plane from the wave quantities V3(f) and V4(f) using calibration parameters (e00,r, e01,r, e10,r, e11,r);
converting absolute wave quantities a2 and b2, by a second mathematical operation, into the electric voltage u(t) and/or the electric current i(t) of the RF signal in the time domain in the calibration plane;
wherein the calibration parameters link the wave quantities V3(f) and V4(f) mathematically with the absolute wave quantities a2 and b2 in the calibration plane,
wherein the first measuring input of the time domain measuring device has a reflection coefficient ?3?0 and/or the second measuring input of the time domain measuring device has a reflection coefficient ?4?0,
determining the calibration parameters (e00,r, e01,r, e10,r, e11,r are determined, with the aid of a calibration device, in relation to the frequency f and in relation to a reflection coefficient of at least one of the measuring inputs of the time domain measuring device; and
determining the wave quantities a2 and b2 in the measuring step from the wave quantities V3(f) and V4(f) using the calibration parameters (e00,r(?3, ?4), e01,r(?3, ?4), e10,r(?3, ?4), e11,r(?3, ?4));
connecting the signal input of the directional coupler during the calibration step with a first measuring port S1;
connecting the first measuring output of the directional coupler with a second measuring port S3;
connecting the second measuring output of the directional coupler with a third measuring port S4 of the calibration device; and
connecting one or more measuring standards with known reflection coefficients to a signal output of the directional coupler connected with the calibration plane S2;
wherein the calibration parameters (e00,r, e01,r, e10,r, e11,r) link the wave quantity b3 running in at the second measuring port S3 and the wave quantity b4 running in at the third measuring port S4 with the wave quantities b2, a2 running in and out in the calibration plane (14, S2) as follows:
wherein the scattering parameters Sxy (x=1-4, y=1-4) of the scattering matrix S of the four-port with the ports S1, S2, S3, S4, in particular of the directional coupler together with input cables, are determined with the aid of the calibration apparatus, wherein the calibration parameters e00,r, e01,r, e10,r, e11,r in relation to the reflection coefficients of the time domain measuring device ?3 ?4 are determined from the scattering parameters Sxy, wherein the calibration parameters are determined from the scattering parameters as follows:wherein the scattering parameters Sxy are determined through measurement of the values b1/a1, b3/a3, b4/a4, b3/a1 or b1/a3, b4/a1 or b1/a4, b4/a3 or b3/a4 at the measuring ports S1, S3, S4 of the calibration device, wherein in each case preferably the measuring standards Match (M), Open (O), Short (S) with the known reflection coefficients ?M, ?O, ?S are connected as devices under test in the calibration plane S2, where a1, a3, a4 are wave quantities running in at the respective measuring ports S1, S3, S4 and b1, b3, b4 are wave quantities running out at the respective measuring ports S1, S3, S4, and wherein the scattering parameters Sxy are determined by means of the following equations:where:?DUT is the known reflection coefficient of the calibration standard used during the measurement:
are the bx/ay measurable at the measuring ports S1, S3, S4; and
where ?O, ?S, ?M are known reflection coefficients of the calibration standards Open (O), Short (S) and Match (M), and are the bx/ay measurable at the measuring ports with connected calibration standard K.

US Pat. No. 10,191,091

CIRCUIT BOARD WITH IMPLANTED OPTICAL CURRENT SENSOR

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A circuit board with a conductor path having a recess which is arranged along the conductor path such that the conductor path is interrupted, an implant with a left, right, lower and upper edge being arranged in the recess, the circuit board comprising:a conductor arranged in the implant which, with the implant inserted, closes the conductor path separated by the recess, the implant having a first optical layer and a second optical layer and the conductor being arranged between the first and the second optical layers, and the first and the second optical layer each having at least one light-conducting structure with a first end and a second end;
a light-conductor arranged in a right edge region of the implant in which respective second ends of the light-conducting structures are located such that light fed in at the first end of the light-conducting structure of the first optical layer is deflected to the second end of the light-conducting structure of the second optical layer and such that a beam path of the light encompasses the conductor;
an optical transmitter; and
an optical receiver with evaluator;
wherein the optical transmitter and optical receiver form a fiber optic current sensor for current measurement of a current flowing through the conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,191,090

POWER TRANSFORMERS USING OPTICAL CURRENT SENSORS

ALSTOM TECHNOLOGY LTD, B...

1. A method for monitoring a connection condition of a standby power transformer, comprising:measuring a current flowing through a high voltage side of the standby power transformer using at least one optical current sensor disposed proximate to a current flow path of the high voltage side;
using a comb filter to filter the current;
determining, by using a detection logic, whether the filtered current is less than a predetermined threshold value; and
generating, by using the detection logic, an alarm indication that the high voltage side of the standby power transformer is unconnected to a power supply when the filtered current is determined to be less than the predetermined threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,191,089

CURRENT SENSING ASSEMBLY EMPLOYING MAGNETIC SENSORS

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. A current sensing assembly comprising:a conductor having a first curled portion and a second curled portion, the first curled portion being arranged such that current flowing in a first direction through the conductor flows through the first curled portion in a clockwise direction and the second curled portion being arranged such that current flowing in the first direction through the conductor flows through the second curled portion in a counter-clockwise direction; and
a sensor assembly including a first magnetic sensor disposed in the first curled portion and a second magnetic sensor disposed in the second curled portion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,088

INTERCONNECT SENSOR PLATFORM WITH ENERGY HARVESTING

TE CONNECTIVITY CORPORATI...

1. An electrical connector comprising:a housing;
a plurality of power and signal line conductors passing through the housing;
an energy harvesting device, a power controller device and a DC power source provided in the housing, the energy harvesting device inductively coupled to at least one of the plurality of power and signal line conductors, the at least one of the plurality of power and signal line conductors through the energy harvesting device providing energy to the power controller device and the DC power source;
the power controller device having instructions programmed thereon or implemented in the integrated circuit for controlling a flow of power between the energy harvesting device, the DC power source, and a microcontroller;
at least one sensor device in electrical communication with the microcontroller, the at least one sensor device provided in the housing and arranged to detect at least one parameter within the housing and communicate at least one parameter to the microcontroller; and
an output communication channel provided in the housing for communicating data from the microcontroller associated with at least one sensor device.

US Pat. No. 10,191,087

AUTOMATED STORAGE OF SUCCESSIVE STABLE MEASUREMENTS IN A DIGITAL MULTIMETER

Fluke Corporation, Evere...

1. A handheld device for detecting electrical or physical parameters, comprising:a measurement component that measures physical or electrical parameters;
a user interface configured to receive an activation input that activates automated saving of subsequent successive stable measurements measured by the measurement component; and
a processor coupled to the measurement component and the user interface, wherein, responsive to receipt of the activation input by the user interface, the processor:
displays a plurality of subsequent successive stable measurements measured by the measurement component, wherein each measurement determined to be stable is displayed until a further subsequent measurement is determined to be stable; and
automatically stores each measurement of the plurality of displayed subsequent successive stable measurements in a memory communicatively coupled to the processor,
wherein the user interface is further configured to receive a review input, and responsive to receipt of the review input by the user interface, the processor retrieves a plurality of previously-stored stable measurements and provides a user-selective display of the stable measurements for review by a user.

US Pat. No. 10,191,086

POWER DETECTION CIRCUIT

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An apparatus, comprising:an inverter coupled to a first power supply, wherein the inverter is configured to generate a signal dependent upon a second power supply; and
a latch configured to:
store a first value dependent upon a first voltage level of the second power supply and a first value of the signal; and
store a second value dependent upon a second voltage level of the second power supply and a second value of the signal, wherein the second value of the signal is different from the first value of the signal.

US Pat. No. 10,191,083

MAGNETIC SHIELDED PROBE CARD

1. A method of forming an integrated circuit die, comprising:providing a semiconductor wafer that includes more than one of said integrated circuit die;
testing said semiconductor wafer that includes said more than one of said integrated circuit die using a probe card; and
singulating the wafer to form said integrated circuit die;
said probe card comprising:
a mechanical support fixture having an inner aperture with a plurality of probes secured to said fixture that include probe tips that extend into said inner aperture for contacting probe pads on die of a wafer to be probed, and
at least one magnetic shield comprising a magnetic material that at least substantially surrounds a projected volume over an area that encloses said probe tips of said probes,
wherein said magnetic material has a relative magnetic permeability between 800 and 5,000.

US Pat. No. 10,191,082

CARBON NANOTUBE PROBES AND STRUCTURES AND METHODS OF MEASUREMENT

1. A scanning probe system comprising:a rigid probe subassembly configured for translation;
a tip end nanotube subassembly wherein the tip end nanotube subassembly
is mounted directly to the rigid probe subassembly without an intervening cantilever,
is configured for vibration, and
comprises a multi-wall nanotube having multiple coaxial nanotube walls of different diameters wherein at least one of the walls can slide relative to the other to provide a configuration having a stepped diameter, and wherein each of the walls has a resonant frequency different from a resonant frequency of each other of the walls; and
a motion producing means acting on all or some portions of the nanotube subassembly to induce vibration in the nanotube subassembly in a direction transverse to an axis of the multi-wall nanotube, wherein the motion producing means is operable to induce the vibration at different frequencies including the resonant frequencies of different ones of the walls.

US Pat. No. 10,191,080

DRONE INCLUDING ADVANCE MEANS FOR COMPENSATING THE BIAS OF THE INERTIAL UNIT AS A FUNCTION OF THE TEMPERATURE

Parrot Drones, Paris (FR...

1. A drone, comprising a main circuit board (24) on which are mounted electronic components as well as an inertial unit, IMU, (26) comprising gyrometer sensors for measuring the instantaneous rotations of the drone in an absolute reference system, and/or accelerometer sensors for measuring accelerations of the drone in this reference system, the IMU (26) including an internal temperature sensor (34) delivering a chip temperature signal (?°chip),characterized in that it comprises:
a heating component (28) mounted on the circuit board (24) near the IMU (26);
a thermal guide (30) incorporated to the circuit board (24), this thermal guide extending between the heating component (28) and the IMU (26) so as to allow a transfer (32) to the IMU of the heat produced by the heating component; and
a thermal regulation circuit (44-62), receiving as an input the chip temperature signal (?°chip) and a predetermined set-point temperature signal (?°ref), and outputting a heating component piloting signal (TH_PWM), so as to control the heat supply to the IMU as a function of the difference between chip temperature and set-point temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,191,077

DIRECTIONAL DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE DETECTOR

1. A device for detecting a directional differential pressure between two spaces, comprising:an elongated conduit arranged to be coupled with a wall separating the two spaces, the conduit having openings at opposite ends that permit fluid flow between the two spaces through the conduit, wherein the conduit comprises a first portion and a second portion operatively engaged with one another to provide length adjustability of the conduit; and
at least one movable element disposed within the conduit adapted to be moved from one region of the conduit toward an opposing region in response to the differential pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,191,076

AIRFLOW SENSING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Board of Trustees of the ...

1. An airflow sensing system, comprising:a first cantilever having a first beam, wherein a bluff body is formed at an end of the first beam for generating aerodynamic forces in response to an airflow;
a second cantilever having a second beam, wherein a second bluff body is formed at an end of the second beam for generating aerodynamic forces in response to the airflow;
a first piezoelectric element positioned on the first cantilever and configured to provide a first electrical signal indicative of a vibration of the first cantilever;
a second piezoelectric element positioned on the second cantilever and configured to provide a second electrical signal indicative of a vibration of the second cantilever;
a control element coupled to the first and second piezoelectric elements and configured to receive the first and second electrical signals, the control element further configured to determine, based on the first and second electrical signals, a velocity of an airflow causing each of the first and second cantilevers to vibrate;
an output device configured to provide an output based on the velocity; and
a shield positioned adjacent to the first cantilever for shielding the first beam from the airflow.

US Pat. No. 10,191,075

METHOD AND APPARATUS TO DETECT DIRECTION AND VELOCITY OF MOVEMENT OF EQUIPMENT BY USING SINGLE SENSOR

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An apparatus to detect a direction or a velocity of movement of equipment, the apparatus comprising:a sensor; and
a processor unit configured to:
measure an area of a region of the equipment overlapping a specific region of the sensor as the equipment moves adjacent to the sensor, using the sensor,
determine a voltage value corresponding to the measured area of the region of the equipment,
determine whether one of a first interrupt and a second interrupt occurs, the first interrupt occurring when the determined voltage value reaches a threshold value and the second interrupt occurring when a preset amount of time passes from a time when the sensor starts operating, and
determine a direction or a velocity of the movement of the equipment by using voltage information at times when the first interrupt or the second interrupt occurs and voltage information at a predetermined time before the times when the first interrupt or the second interrupt occurs,
wherein the processor comprises a second calculator to calculate the velocity of the movement of the equipment when the second interrupt occurs, and
wherein the second calculator calculates the velocity of the movement of the equipment by using a combination of a voltage value at a predetermined time before a time when the second interrupt occurs, a voltage value at a time when the second interrupt occurs, the predetermined time, a difference between a maximum value and a minimum value of the converted voltage value, and a length of the equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,191,071

CARTRIDGES AND INSTRUMENTS FOR SAMPLE ANALYSIS

IntegenX, Inc., Pleasant...

1. A fluidic device comprising:a fluidics layer comprising one or more fluidic channels in a thermoplastic material;
a deformable membrane covering the one or more fluidic channels and comprising a heat seal material capable of plastic deformation, the heat seal material being thermally bonded to the fluidics layer;
one or more diaphragm valves, each diaphragm valve configured to regulate fluid flow in an associated fluidic channel, wherein each diaphragm valve comprises:
a) a diaphragm comprised in the deformable membrane;
b) a valve seat in the associated fluidic channel and recessed from a surface of the fluidics layer that contacts the deformable membrane; and
c) a valve inlet and a valve outlet comprised in the fluidics layer; wherein the one or more diaphragm valves are each configured for activation by a ram such that mechanical pressure by the ram on the deformable membrane presses the membrane against the valve seat, thereby closing the valve.

US Pat. No. 10,191,065

C PEPTIDE DETECTION BY MASS SPECTROMETRY

Quest Diagnostics Investm...

1. A method for determining the amount of C peptide in a sample by high resolution/high accuracy mass spectrometry, the method comprising:(a) subjecting a sample suspected of containing C peptide to solid phase extraction (SPE) to obtain a fraction enriched in C peptide;
(b) subjecting the enriched C peptide to an ionization source under conditions suitable to generate one or more C peptide ions detectable by mass spectrometry;
(c) determining the amount of one or more C peptide ions by high resolution/high accuracy mass spectrometry;
wherein the amount of ions determined in step (c) is related to the amount of a C peptide in said sample.

US Pat. No. 10,191,061

MICROWAVE-ASSISTED HEADSPACE LIQUID-PHASE MICROEXTRACTION OF AN ANALYTE

King Fahd University of P...

1. A method for extracting an analyte in a sample comprising:microwave-heating and agitating the sample and a solution in a microwave extraction assembly comprising:
a microwave extraction vial with a bottom portion and a headspace portion and
a porous membrane bag located in the headspace portion of the microwave extraction vial, said porous membrane bag encapsulating a liquid-phase extraction medium, wherein the sample and solution are disposed in the bottom portion, the porous membrane bag does not contact the sample and the solution, the porous membrane bag and the headspace portion are also subjected to the microwave-heating, and the microwave-heating and agitating produces a vapor in the headspace portion; and
extracting the analyte from the vapor to produce a vapor extract within the liquid-phase extraction medium.

US Pat. No. 10,191,060

FUNCTIONALIZED CHROMOPHORIC POLYMER DOTS AND BIOCONJUGATES THEREOF

University of Washington,...

1. A functionalized chromophoric polymer dot (Pdot) comprising:a core and a cap, wherein said core comprises a chromophoric polymer, and said cap comprises a functionalization agent bearing one or more reactive functional groups, with the proviso that less than 100% of the cap is an organo silicate and the proviso that said cap does not encapsulate said core.

US Pat. No. 10,191,054

MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE FOR FULL BLOOD COUNT

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A microfluidic device for performing a full blood count from a whole blood sample from a finger-prick, the full blood count including measurements of white blood cell differential count, platelet count, red blood cell counts and hemoglobin, the microfluidic device comprising:a first inlet for providing the whole blood sample;
a second inlet for providing a first lysis agent to count white blood cells, the second inlet being located downstream from the first inlet and being connected to a first junction;
a third inlet for providing a quench solution, the third inlet being located downstream from the second inlet and being connected to a second junction;
a first pair of channels connected to and split from the first inlet and meeting at the first junction,
a second pair of channels connected to and split from the third inlet and meeting at the second junction;
a first snake mixing stage configured to mix the first lysis agent and the whole blood sample, the first snake mixing stage being located between the second and third inlets;
a second snake mixing stage configured to mix the quench solution and the mixture of the first lysis agent and the whole blood sample mixed at the first snake mixing stage, the second snake mixing stage being serially connected to the first snake mixing stage and located downstream from the first snake mixing stage and the third inlet, wherein an input of the first snake mixing stage is connected to the first junction, to the second inlet and to the first pair of channels, and wherein an output of the first snake mixing stage is connected to the second junction, to an input of the second snake mixing stage, and to the second pair of channels for providing the quench solution to the input of the second snake mixing stage from the second pair of channels split from the third inlet and meeting at the second junction; and
a channel for providing a second lysis agent to measure the hemoglobin, the channel including a fourth inlet located downstream from the first inlet for providing the second lysis agent into the channel to measure the hemoglobin.

US Pat. No. 10,191,053

METHODS FOR MEASURING AND REPORTING VASCULARITY IN A TISSUE SAMPLE

Flagship Biosciences, Inc...

1. A method for measuring and reporting vascularity in a biological tissue sample, comprising:acquiring at least one digital image of a stained tissue section, wherein the stained tissue section is stained in such a manner to allow identification of at least one vessel object and at least one tissue object;
detecting within the at least one digital image at least one vessel object, wherein the vessel object is selected from the group consisting of fully formed vessels and vessel fragments;
detecting at least one tissue object within the digital image;
calculating a vessel proximity score based on the detected vessel object and tissue object; and
digitally omitting from the vessel proximity score any detected vessels having a diameter or vessel area greater than a maximum vessel size.

US Pat. No. 10,191,052

METHODS OF DIAGNOSING AND TREATING ACTIVE TUBERCULOSIS IN AN INDIVIDUAL

ProteinLogic Limited, Ca...

1. A method of treating active (smear positive) tuberculosis in an individual, wherein the method comprises:(a) differentially diagnosing active (smear positive) tuberculosis over latent tuberculosis in the individual, comprising:
(1) obtaining a test biological sample from an individual;
(2) quantifying the amount of three or more biomarkers selected from CD14, CD22, CD25, CD64, IL-10, CXCL10, and IFN gamma, wherein at least one of the biomarkers is IFN gamma and at least one of the biomarkers is IL-10; and
(3) comparing the amounts of the biomarkers in the test biological sample with the amounts present in one or more control samples, such that a difference in the level of the biomarkers in the test biological sample is indicative of a differential diagnosis of active (smear positive) tuberculosis over latent tuberculosis; followed by
(b) administering an anti-tuberculosis medicament to the individual if there is a positive diagnosis for active (smear positive) tuberculosis.

US Pat. No. 10,191,047

SENSOR INTEGRATION IN LATERAL FLOW IMMUNOASSAYS AND ITS APPLICATIONS

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method comprising:determining a parameter of a sample in a lateral flow immunoassay device, and
determining a concentration of an analyte in the sample based on the determined parameter;
wherein:
the lateral immunoassay device comprises:
a) a solid support;
b) a sample portion for receiving the sample;
c) a conjugate portion comprising conjugate particulate material;
d) a diagnostic portion comprising a binder for the analyte in the sample;
e) an absorbent portion of absorbent material for providing capillary flow; and
f) at least one electrical sensor; and
the sample portion, conjugate portion, diagnostic portion, and absorbent portion are in capillary flow communication, whereby the sample flows across the binder in the diagnostic portion to provide contact between the sample and the binder;
wherein the at least one electrical sensor is connected to a processing unit that is configured to compute:
the parameter of the sample at the diagnostic portion using a signal provided by the at least one electrical sensor; and
the concentration of the analyte using (a) a signal generated from a binding of the binder and the analyte in the sample and (b) the parameter of the sample; and
wherein the at least one electrical sensor and the binder for the analyte are both placed on one side of the solid support, the at least one electrical sensor being located on a portion of the solid support different from the binder for the analyte.

US Pat. No. 10,191,046

IMMUNOBIOSENSOR AND SENSOR SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

Se-Hwan Paek, Seoul (KR)...

1. An immunobiosensor based on a membrane lateral flow immuno-chromatographic assay (LF-ICA), comprising: a metal binding protein whose conformation changes upon reaction with a metal ion in a sample; a sensing antibody reacting with the conformationally changed metal binding protein as an antigen; a signal substance conjugated with the metal binding protein to form a signal conjugate; a signal generator reacting with the signal conjugate to generate a reaction signal; a reaction strip in the form of a porous membrane adapted to move the sample and where the antigen-antibody reaction occurs and the reaction signal is generated; a signal generator supply pad supplying the signal generator to the reaction strip; and a signal generator absorption pad absorbing the signal generator,wherein the reaction strip comprises a sample addition pad absorbing the sample and a signal generation pad connected to the sample addition pad in the lengthwise direction and immobilized with the sensing antibody to generate the reaction signal,
wherein one of the signal generator supply pad and the signal generator absorption pad is arranged at one lateral side of the signal generation pad and the other one is arranged at the other lateral side of the signal generation pad, and
wherein the signal generator is introduced into the signal generator supply pad, transferred in the widthwise direction of the signal generation pad, and absorbed into the signal generator absorption pad.

US Pat. No. 10,191,044

FLUSHABLE TEST STRIP

1. A diagnostic test strip comprising:a length and a width, wherein the length is greater than the width;
a substrate layer, wherein the substrate layer comprises a material that is water-soluble or water-dispersible;
a first hydrophobic coating; and
a plurality of reaction pads wherein each of the plurality of reaction pads comprises a reagent that participates in a chemical reaction in the presence of an analyte, wherein each of the plurality of reaction pads comprise a liquid absorbent material, and wherein the first hydrophobic coating is between the first side of the substrate layer and the plurality of reaction pads,
wherein a vertical cross-section of the reaction pads comprises at least two sides that are slanted relative to a vertical axis.

US Pat. No. 10,191,043

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR CALIBRATING ILLUMINATION SOURCE OF DIAGNOSTIC TEST SYSTEM

Alverix, Inc., Franklin ...

1. A diagnostic test system, comprising:a test strip that comprises a flow path for a fluid sample, a sample receiving zone coupled to the flow path, a label that specifically binds a target analyte, a detection zone coupled to the flow path and comprising a test region exposed for optical inspection and having an immobilized test reagent that specifically binds the target analyte, and at least one reference feature comprising an illumination source calibration region;
a reader comprising an illumination source operable to illuminate the test strip when the test strip is loaded in a port for receiving the test strip, the reader further comprising a detection system that is configured to obtain light intensity measurements from exposed regions of the test strip when the test strip is loaded in the port; and
a data analyzer comprising software configured to
process the light intensity measurements obtained by the reader,
determine an illumination source output measure from at least one light intensity measurement obtained from the illumination source calibration region,
generate a control signal calibrating the illumination source based on a comparison of the determined illumination source output measure to a reference value, and
adjust a light intensity output of the illumination source when the determined illumination source output measure is different than the reference value.

US Pat. No. 10,191,042

CORE-SHELL NANOPARTICLES WITH MULTIPLE CORES AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THEM

The Research Foundation f...

1. Core-shell nanoparticles, each core-shell nanoparticle comprising:a shell containing a gold-silver mixture;
a plurality of discrete, nonconcentric, cores containing an iron-cobalt mixture, each core being within and surrounded by said shell; and
a ligand cap over said shell.

US Pat. No. 10,191,041

DETECTION OF ANALYTES USING METAL NANOPARTICLE PROBES AND DYNAMIC LIGHT SCATTERING

University of Central Flo...

1. An assay method for the detection of an analyte, said method comprising:providing a plurality of probes, said probes comprising metal nanoparticles;
contacting a sample solution suspected of including at least one analyte with said plurality of probes to form an assay solution, wherein in a presence of said analyte, a portion of said probes in said assay solution become aggregated nanoparticles;
directing light toward said assay solution; and
obtaining dynamic light scattering (DLS) data from said assay solution using dynamic light scattering, wherein said DLS data indicates a change in average particle size and/or a change in particle size distribution when said analyte is present in said solution; and
quantifying a concentration of the analyte based on the DLS data.

US Pat. No. 10,191,037

METHODS OF AND SYSTEMS FOR IMPROVED DETECTION SENSITIVITY OF ASSAYS

Aushon Biosystems, Inc., ...

1. A system comprising:an assay plate including a well having a geometric shape and a transparent window below the well;
an upper plate including an insert portion that protrudes into and has a complementary geometric shape to the geometric shape of the well of the assay plate, the insert portion situated above the transparent window; and
a coating on a horizontal bottom surface of the insert portion of the upper plate, wherein a gap that is on the order of millimeters forms between the coating surface and a top surface of the transparent window directly below the gap, and
wherein a plurality of analysis features are printed on the coating on the horizontal bottom surface, and the transparent window is adapted for imaging the analysis feature from below the well.

US Pat. No. 10,191,036

SYSTEM FOR DETECTING AND REMOVING BIOLOGICAL ANALYTES IN FLUIDS

NUB4U, Inc., Huntsville,...

1. A fluid cleaning system comprising:a detector module for detecting the presence of one or more biological contaminants in a fluid, said detector module comprising:
a detector module housing having a fluid outlet;
one or more pairs of microcantilever sensors enclosed within said detector module housing, each said pair comprising a reference microcantilever sensor and a detection microcantilever sensor comprising a polymerized receptor, said polymerized receptor having an affinity with a biological contaminant of said one or more biological contaminants, said detection sensor configured to provide a detection signal in the presence of said one or more biological contaminants; and
a contaminant capture manifold enclosed within a contaminant capture housing having an inlet in fluid communication with, and downstream of said detector module outlet and comprising one or more stages, each said stage comprising a contaminant capture element each said contaminant capture element comprising one of a spiral ramp comprising said polymerized receptor, a cylindrical wall coated with said polymerized receptor, and a plurality of microbeads comprised of said polymerized receptor.

US Pat. No. 10,191,035

TEMPERATURE-SENSITIVE FLUORESCENT PROBE FOR INTRODUCTION INTO CELL

KIRIN HOLDINGS KABUSHIKI ...

1. A method for introducing a temperature-sensitive probe into a living cell, the method comprising the step of mixing the temperature-sensitive probe with said living cell in a solvent, wherein the temperature-sensitive probe comprises a copolymer, the copolymer comprising at least one thermoresponsive unit, a first fluorescent unit and a second fluorescent unit, and a cationic unit, wherein the first fluorescent unit and the second fluorescent unit each have a mutually different maximum fluorescence wavelengthwherein the copolymer comprises repeating units represented by formula (I), formula (II), formula (III), and formula (XIII):
wherein R1 is selected from hydrogen atom and C1-3 alkyl;R4 and R5 are independently selected from hydrogen atom and C1-20 alkyl, in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from hydroxy, C1-6 alkoxy, and aryl, or R4 and R5 may be combined with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 4- to 8-membered nitrogen-containing hetero ring, in which the hetero ring may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, nitro, halogen atom, C1-10 alkylcarbonylamino, and arylcarbonylamino; andwherein R2 is selected from hydrogen atom and C1-3 alkyl;W is aromatic ring or —X1—C(?O)— (in which X1 is directly bonded to Q1);
X1 is O, S, or N—R11;
R11 is hydrogen atom, C1-6 alkyl, or -Q1-Y, in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from hydroxy, halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, and C1-6 alkylsulfonyl;
Q1 is independently selected from C1-20 alkylene, C3-20 alkenylene, or C3-20 alkynylene, in which the alkylene may be independently inserted into O, S, —O—P(?O)(—OH)—O—, or phenylene at one or more position(s);
Y is independently an ionic functional group capable of having one or more positive charges, and is selected from —N+R21R22R23Xe?, —C(?NR41)—NR42R43, and a group represented by the following formula:

Xe? and Xf? are counter anions;
R21, R22, and R23 are independently selected from C1-10 alkyl and C7-14 aralkyl, or R21 and R22 may be combined with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 5- to 7-membered nitrogen-containing hetero ring;
R24 is C1-10 alkyl or C7-14 aralkyl; and
R41, R42, and R43 are independently selected from hydrogen atom and C1-10 alkyl, or R41 and R42 may be combined with the nitrogen and carbon atoms to which they are attached to form a 5- to 7-membered hetero ring containing two nitrogen atoms, or R42 and R43 may be combined with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 5- to 7-membered nitrogen-containing hetero ring, and
wherein R3 is selected from hydrogen atom and C1-3 alkyl;
X2 is O, S, or N—R12;
X3 is direct bond, O, S, SO, SO2, N(—R13), CON(—R16), N(—R16)CO, N(—R17)CON(—R18), SO2N(—R19), or N(—R19)SO2;
Q2 is selected from C1-20 alkylene, C3-20 alkenylene, or C3-20 alkynylene, in which O, S, or phenylene may be independently inserted into the alkylene at one or more position(s);
Ar is selected from a 6- to 18-membered aromatic carbocyclic group or a 5- to 18-membered aromatic heterocyclic group, in which the aromatic carbocyclic group and aromatic heterocyclic group may contain a fused ring, one or more ring(s) contained therein being aromatic ring(s), —CH2— existing in the aromatic carbocyclic group and the aromatic heterocyclic group as a ring atom may be optionally replaced with —C(O)—, and also the aromatic carbocyclic group and aromatic heterocyclic group may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from halogen atom, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, C1-6 alkylsulfonyl, nitro, cyano, C1-6 alkylcarbonyl, C1-6 alkoxycarbonyl, carboxy, formyl, —NR6R7, and —SO2NR14R15 (in which alkyl contained in the C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, C1-6 alkylsulfonyl, C1-6 alkylcarbonyl, and C1-6 alkoxycarbonyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, hydroxy, amino, C1-6 alkylamino, di(C1-6 alkyl)amino, aryl, and carboxy);
R6 and R7 are independently selected from hydrogen atom, C1-10 alkyl, aryl, C1-10 alkylcarbonyl, arylcarbonyl, C1-10 alkylsulfonyl, arylsulfonyl, carbamoyl, N—(C1-10 alkyl)carbamoyl, and N,N-di(C1-10 alkyl)carbamoyl, in which alkyl contained in the C1-10 alkyl, C1-10 alkylcarbonyl, C1-10 alkylsulfonyl, N—(C1-10 alkyl)carbamoyl, and N,N-di(C1-10 alkyl)carbamoyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, hydroxy, amino, C1-6 alkylamino, di(C1-6 alkyl)amino, aryl, and carboxy, and also aryl contained in the aryl, arylcarbonyl, and arylsulfonyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from halogen atom, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, and carboxy; or
R6 and R7 may be combined with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 4- to 8-membered nitrogen-containing hetero ring, in which the hetero ring may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, nitro, halogen atom, C1-10 alkylcarbonylamino, and arylcarbonylamino;
R12 is hydrogen atom, C1-6 alkyl, or -Q2-X3—Ar, in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from hydroxy, halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, and C1-6 alkylsulfonyl;
R13 is hydrogen atom or C1-6 alkyl, in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from hydroxy, halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, and C1-6 alkylsulfonyl;
R14 and R15 are independently selected from hydrogen atom, and C1-6 alkyl; or R14 and R15 may be combined with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 4- to 8-membered nitrogen-containing hetero ring; and
R16, R17, R18, and R19 are independently selected from hydrogen atom and C1-6 alkyl, in which the alkyl may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from hydroxy, halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 alkylthio, C1-6 alkylsulfinyl, and C1-6 alkylsulfonyl; and
wherein R55 is selected from hydrogen atom and C1-3 alkyl;
R51, R52, R53, and R54 are independently selected from hydrogen atom and C1-6 alkyl;
X4 is direct bond, phenylene, -Q4-O—C(?O)— (in which Q4 is directly bonded to a boron dipyrromethene skeleton), or -Q4-N(R61)—C(?O)— (in which Q4 is directly bonded to a boron dipyrromethene skeleton);
R61 is selected from hydrogen atom and C1-6 alkyl;
Q4 is selected from C1-20 alkylene, phenylene, and naphthylene, and the phenylene and naphthylene may be optionally substituted by one or more substituent(s) selected from halogen atom, C1-6 alkoxy, hydroxy, amino, and carboxy, and
wherein a, b, c, and d are numerals representing a ratio of each repeating unit in formula of more than 0, the sum of a and b being 100, b being 2 to 10.

US Pat. No. 10,191,031

SYSTEM AND METHODS ESTIMATION OF MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND SIZE OF LIGHT-SCATTERING PARTICLES IN MATERIALS

The General Hospital Corp...

21. A method for determining a viscoelastic modulus of a sample with the use of an optical system, the method comprising:acquiring, with an optical detector, optical data representing time evolution of a speckle associated with light-scattering particles of the sample irradiated with light from a light source;
determining an average size of said light-scattering particles based on an angle-dependent pattern of a diffuse remittance profile (DRP) derived from acquired optical data;
calculating, with a programmable processor, a value of mean square displacement (MSD) of the light-scattering particles and a mechanical property of the sample from the acquired optical data, said MSD being a function of said size; and
estimating, with the programmable processor and from said angle-dependent pattern, an experimentally-determined value of a ratio of a first normalized irradiance to a second normalized irradiance, the first and second normalized irradiances being defined by said angle-dependent pattern at first and second values of an angle, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,191,030

CHARGING DEVICE FOR BIOLOGICAL INFORMATION MEASUREMENT DEVICE AND BIOLOGICAL INFORMATION MEASUREMENT DEVICE CHARGED USING SAME

PHC HOLDINGS CORPORATION,...

1. A biological information measurement device comprising:a main body case including a sensor mounting portion to which a sensor for measuring a biological information is mounted;
a measurement section connected to the sensor mounting portion inside the main body case;
a controller connected to the measurement section; a rechargeable battery connected to the controller; a display section connected to the controller;
a non-contact charging portion connected to the controller, the non-contact charging portion configured to charge the battery by a non-contact charging;
the controller displays a measurement-impossible time on the display section when the non-contact charging portion starts to charge the battery and after the non-contact charging portion completes to charge the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,191,029

METHOD AND SYSTEM TO EXTEND THE CONDITIONS OF APPLICATION OF AN INVERSION OF THE HODGKIN-HUXLEY GATING MODEL

1. A method to quantify a steady state functions of voltage of a gating variable of a Hodgkin Huxley formalism of a cell comprising the steps of:providing an electrophysiology apparatus configured to provide a voltage difference across a cell membrane of a cell and to measure a current through said cell membrane and a computer configured to run one or more processes including an inversion process of a set of underlying ordinary differential equations of a Hodgkin-Huxley model wherein said inversion process is defined by the equation:
where va ,vb:are time interval of application of the conditioning voltage of a C-step voltage clamp stimulation, i: indexes the gating variables of an Hodgkin-Huxley formalism, yc(i)(v): ith gating variable, i ? [0,1], evaluated at the end of the conditioning pulse of voltage uC and time interval of its application either va or vb, sC(i),sH(i) steady state function of voltage of each gating variable evaluated at the conditioning (uC), and holding s(uH) voltages respectively, of a C-Step voltage clamp stimulation protocol;applying said voltage difference across said cell membrane according to each protocol, and in any order:
a H-step voltage clamp stimulation protocol, and
a C-step voltage clamp stimulation protocol comprising:
applying a fixed holding voltage uH, followed by applying successive conditioning pulses at a plurality of stepped conditioning voltages uC and time intervals of application, va and vb, of the conditioning voltage, following each step of said steps of conditioning pulses, applying a test voltage uT during which test voltage a test current is measured, and wherein said plurality of stepped conditioning voltage uC are higher voltage than said fixed holding voltage uH,
identifying a voltage range RC of said stepped conditioning voltage uC where the channel exhibits measurable and independent currents during the test pulse, with changes of conditioning voltage uc and time intervals va, vb;
For a first time interval of application of said conditioning voltage va, estimating a first yC(i)(va) based on said inversion process, and changing said conditioning voltage and repeating said step of applying until the voltage range RC is found, where measured currents during the test pulse are measurable and independent from one another when the conditioning voltage and its time interval of application are changed;
for a second time interval of application of uC, vb, repeating said step of estimating to estimate a second different yC(i)(vb);
calculating a voltage dependence of the steady state functions sC(i) by solving for the zeros of said objective function, using first yC(i)(va) and second yC(i)(vb);
generating a data set as a solution of said set of underlying ordinary differential equations, said data set comprising a set of said voltage difference, and a measured current from said H-step voltage clamp stimulation protocol and said C-step voltage clamp stimulation protocol; and
estimating by said inversion process a set of gating parameters comprising a steady state as a function of voltage based on said data set to quantify said steady state function of voltage of a gating variable an Hodgkin Huxley formalism channel availability of said cell.

US Pat. No. 10,191,028

INORGANIC NANOPARTICLE MATRICES FOR SAMPLE ANALYSIS

Ionwerks, Houston, TX (U...

1. A method of preparing and analyzing a tissue sample comprising the steps of:combining the tissue sample with a matrix, said matrix comprising ionized inorganic nanoparticles wherein the combining step further comprises the step of injecting the matrix within a near surface layer of a slice of the tissue sample, wherein the near surface layer comprises a first few nanometers of the slice of the tissue sample, and,
analyzing said combined tissue sample and matrix by laser desorption mass spectrometry.

US Pat. No. 10,191,027

METHODS OF DETERMINING PROPERTIES OF OIL

TOPNIR SYSTEMS SAS, Aix ...

1. Crude oil analytical and sampling device suitable for sampling crude oil from their conveying pipeline(s) (1) to a spectroscopy analysis device (8) and comprising a fast loop system connected to the crude oil conveying pipeline(s) and a sample conditioning system cabinet connected to the fast loop system and to the spectroscopy analysis device characterised in that the fast loop comprises a filter (3) and a pump (2) and the sample conditioning system cabinet comprises a grabber (4) connected to the fast loop system, said grabber having a sampling volume Vgr comprised between 1 and 100 cubic centimeters (cm3), a filter (5) and a double actuation syringe (6) which has a sampling volume Vse comprised between 100 and 10 000 cubic centimeters (cm3), said double actuation syringe being connected to the spectroscopy analysis device (8) for analysing a part or all of the sampling volume Vse wherein the ratio between the syringe sampling volume (in cm3) Vse and the grabber volume (in cm3) Vgr is comprised between 50 and 500.

US Pat. No. 10,191,026

FRUIT AND VEGETABLE SUGAR CONTENT DETECTOR

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A fruit and vegetable sugar content detector, comprising:a measurement electrode unit comprising two measurement electrodes capable of being inserted into a to-be-detected fruit or vegetable, one end of one of the two measurement electrodes being connected to one end of the other one of the two measurement electrodes;
a resistance detection circuit connected to the measurement electrode unit and configured to detect a resistance between the two measurement electrodes;
a processor connected to the resistance detection circuit and configured to determine, in accordance with the detected resistance between the two measurement electrodes, a sugar content of the to-be-detected fruit or vegetable, and generate sugar content indication information, a storage connected to the processor and configured to store therein a correspondence between the resistance and the sugar content, wherein the processor is configured to inquire the correspondence stored in the storage in accordance with the detected resistance between the measurement electrodes, and determine the sugar content of the to-be-detected fruit or vegetable, wherein the measurement electrodes are each of a cylindrical shape, and a cross section of each measurement electrode has a diameter within a range from 5 ?m to 15 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,191,025

MEDICAL DEVICE, MEDICAL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING DISEASES

Al Azri, Sultan Sultan Ha...

1. A medical device to provide an alert of the potential detection of a gas or a disease in an infrastructure having a chamber of air and a geographic location, the device comprising:one or more sample ports of known sub-location within the infrastructure, the one or more sample ports being open to a designated part of the infrastructure and a sample of air from the air chamber being operable to pass through the one or more sample ports;
a laser-based molecular characteristic detector to receive the sample of air from a specific one of the one or more sample ports and being operable to generate molecular characteristic data for identifying gases or diseases from the sample of air;
a processor operable to analyse the molecular characteristic data from the sample of air and to issue an alert output in response to the detection of particular molecular characteristic data from the sample of air; and
a treatment module for treating the sample of air, wherein the treatment module comprises an autoclave, operable to subject the sample of air to high pressure saturated steam at approximately 120° C. or higher.

US Pat. No. 10,191,024

ENERGY MANAGEMENT FOR SENSORS

Trane International Inc.,...

1. A method for reducing power consumption of a sensor, comprising:sensing a monitored gas in a local atmosphere by taking sensor readings at a sensing rate, wherein each sensor reading comprises an amount of individual samples;
determining if a predetermined condition has been met to change at least one of a sensing rate or the amount of individual samples comprising each sensor reading; and
changing the amount of individual samples comprising each sensor reading if it is determined that the predetermined condition has been met.

US Pat. No. 10,191,023

GAS-MEASURING DEVICE

1. A sensor unit for detecting a gas, the sensor unit comprising:a measuring channel;
a gas inlet for introducing environmental gas into the measuring channel;
a gas outlet for removing the environmental gas from the measuring channel;
a shut off valve operatively connected to one of the gas inlet and the gas outlet and configured to close the measuring channel at said one of the gas inlet and the gas outlet;
a pump unit operatively connected to another of the gas inlet and the gas outlet and configured to evacuate environmental gas from the measuring channel by generating a vacuum therein and to close the measuring channel at said other of the gas inlet and the gas outlet, whereby with the shut off valve and the pump unit closing the gas inlet and the gas outlet, the measuring channel is pressure-tight with respect to environmental gas;
a gas sensor operatively connected to the measuring channel for detecting the gas in the environmental gas; and
a heating unit for heating the gas sensor, wherein the sensor unit is configured to be operated in a measuring mode and in a regeneration mode, wherein the measuring channel is evacuated and the gas sensor is heated in the regeneration mode; and
a control unit controlling an operation state of each of the shut off valve, the pump unit and the heating unit and switching over from the regeneration mode to the measuring mode including deactivating the pump unit and the heating element and opening the gas inlet and the gas outlet and switching over from the measuring mode to the regeneration mode including closing the gas inlet and the gas outlet and activating the pump unit and the heating element.

US Pat. No. 10,191,022

GAS IMAGER EMPLOYING AN ARRAY IMAGER PIXELS WITH ORDER FILTERS

UVIA GROUP LLC, Humacao,...

1. A gas detector comprising:a plurality of lenslets for a set of wavelengths, each lenslet with a circular blazed grating for diffraction of radiation to a focal plane;
a detector at the focal plane receiving radiation passing through the at least one lenslet for detection at a predetermined diffraction order; and,
a plurality of order filters associated with the plurality of lenslets to pass radiation at wavelengths corresponding to the predetermined diffraction order to the detector, each filter blocking a selected set of higher orders wherein the plurality of order filters is equal in number to the plurality of lenslets, each order filter associated with one lenslet of the plurality of lenslets to pass radiation at wavelengths corresponding to the predetermined order to associated pixels of the detector;
a controller receiving input from associated pixels associated for each of the plurality of order filters in the detector and having
a module adapted to deconvolve intensity, In, at the associated pixels in the detector for each of the plurality of order filters where n equals the number of order filters and
a second module to determine a presence of gas by a slope between true intensities at wavelengths of any two of the order filters exceeding a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,191,021

METHOD FOR ESTIMATING A TEMPERATURE OF A TRANSISTOR

1. A method for estimating junction temperature or die temperature of a transistor of an inverter system, the method comprising:measuring, by a detector, turn-off change in voltage with respect to change in time between a collector and emitter of a transistor in a phase of an inverter;
measuring, by the detector, peak voltage of the transistor between the collector and the emitter, where the measuring of peak voltage of the transistor between the collector and the emitter is triggered by a drop in a voltage applied to a base or a gate of the transistor in an active state; and where upon the triggering the peak voltage of a transient spike in a collector voltage of the transistor is measured via a series of cascaded multimode diodes and a resistive voltage divider;
determining, by an electronic data processor, intermediate parameters of turn-off current, the turn-on current and on-state voltage drop based on the turn-off voltage change and the peak voltage;
determining, by the data processor, the power loss or energy loss for one switching cycle of the transistor based on the turn-off current, the turn-on current and on-state voltage drop between the collector and emitter of the transistor; and
estimating, by the data processor, an associated average junction or die temperature for the transistor over the switching cycle based on the determined energy loss, observed inverter system temperature and thermal characteristic of the inverter system, where an inverter system temperature sensor measures a coolant temperature in a coolant system for cooling the inverter or a housing temperature of an inverter housing.

US Pat. No. 10,191,020

FLAME IONIZATION DETECTION BURNER ASSEMBLIES FOR USE IN COMPRESSIBLE FLUID-BASED CHROMATOGRAPHY SYSTEMS

WATERS TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A burner assembly of a flame-based detector comprising:(1) a burner comprising a burner body having a fluid inlet for receiving combustion gases and a fluid outlet for delivering combustion gases to a flame position, the burner body defining a flow path extending from the fluid inlet to the flame position and having a longitudinal axis;
and
(2) a restrictor comprising a hollow body comprising a first end for receiving at least a portion of a mobile phase flow stream from a chromatography system and a second end for delivering the at least a portion of the mobile phase flow stream as a decompressed mobile phase flow stream to the burner; and
wherein during flame-based detection of one or more constituents of the at least a portion of the mobile phase flow stream:
at least the second end of the restrictor is inserted into the burner; and
the second end of the restrictor having a tip that is angled to deliver the decompressed mobile phase flow stream to the burner body flow path at an angle substantially non-parallel to the longitudinal axis of the burner.

US Pat. No. 10,191,019

VACUUM-ASSISTED IN-NEEDLE CAPPLICARY ADSORPTION TRAP WITH MULTIWALLED POLYANILINE/CARBON NANOTUBE NANOCOMPOSITE SORBENT

1. A vacuum-assisted in-needle capillary adsorption trap (VA-INACT) system comprising:a first needle including a first end and a second end and a side aperture positioned between the first end and the second end, and the side aperture being configured to provide access to an interior space of the needle;
a second needle placed adjacent to the first needle and including a first end and a second end;
a sorbent coated between the second end and the side aperture within the interior space of the first needle and configured to entrap an analyte attached to a sample placed within a sample vial;
a vacuum flask including a first opening and a second opening and configured to house the sample vial;
a first cover configured to cover an opening of the sample vial;
a second cover configured to cover the first opening of vacuum flask and including three apertures, a first of the three apertures configured to receive the first needle within an interior space of the extraction vial, a second of the three apertures configured to receive the second needle within the interior space of the extraction vial, and a third of the three apertures configured to receive a wire for opening the first cover of the sample vial;
a peristaltic pump including an inlet and an outlet respectively coupled to the second ends of the first and second needles and configured to circulate the extracted analyte though the first needle and the second needle to improve analyte adsorption on the sorbent inside the first needle; and
a vacuum device configured to evacuate the interior space of the vacuum flask and improve the efficiency of the extracting the analyte, wherein:
the vacuum device includes a valve, a vacuum trap and a vacuum pump,
the vacuum flask is coupled to the vacuum trap via a connection tube,
the connection tube connect the vacuum trap to the second opening of the vacuum flask,
the vacuum pump is in communication with the vacuum trap and the vacuum flask and is configured to provide a vacuum within the interior space of the vacuum flask, and
the valve configured to operate between an open position and a closed position, wherein in the closed position the valve disables the communication between the vacuum pump and the vacuum flask and in the open position the valve enables the communication between the vacuum pump and the vacuum flask.

US Pat. No. 10,190,993

INSPECTION OF SEAL FOR HIGH ALTITUDE BALLOONS

X Development LLC, Mount...

1. A method for inspecting first translucent material, the method comprising:placing the first translucent material on a surface, the surface included a first layer of second translucent material and a second layer including a reflective surface;
arranging a movable light source over the first translucent material the movable light source includes a housing having an open end, a closed end, and one or more sidewalls arranged between the open end and the closed end, the closed end including an image sensor;
using the movable light source to provide light to the reflective surface such that light from the movable light source is reflected from the reflective surface and through the second translucent material in order to backlight the first translucent material; and
using the image sensor to capture the reflected light in order to inspect the first translucent material.

US Pat. No. 10,190,991

METHOD FOR ADAPTIVE SAMPLING IN EXAMINING AN OBJECT AND SYSTEM THEREOF

Applied Materials Israel ...

1. A method of examining an object, the method comprising:(a) identifying, by a processor, a plurality of potential defects, each potential defect of the plurality of potential defects being associated with a potential defect location;
(b) performing, by the processor, a first clustering of the plurality of potential defects to obtain a first subset and one or more second subsets, the clustering performed in accordance with spatial distances between potential defect locations such that potential defects in the first subset are characterized by higher density in at least one physical area than potential defects in the one or more second subsets;
(c) assigning, by the processor, first probabilities to potential defects in the first subset to be valid defects, the first probabilities being calculated in accordance with a first policy;
(d) assigning, by the processor, second probabilities to potential defects in the one or more second subsets to be valid defects, the second probabilities being calculated in accordance with one or more second policies specifying how to combine at least two second factors associated with potential defect locations;
(e) selecting, by the processor, at least one potential defect from the first subset and the one or more second subsets for review by a review tool in accordance with a third policy specifying how to combine potential defects from a plurality of subsets into a merged list, and wherein the selecting of the at least one potential defect for review by the review tool is further in accordance with a strategy indicating how to combine top elements from the merged list and randomly selected elements from the merged list in accordance with a number of reviews from the review tool;
(f) receiving, by the processor, validity or class indications for potential defects in a potential defect lists associated with the selected at least one potential defect, the validity or class indications being received subsequent to potential defects in the potential defect lists being reviewed by the review tool; and
(g) subsequent to a stopping criteria not being observed:
(i) updating, by the processor, the first, second, or third policy in accordance with validation or classification of an item in the first subset and the one or more second subsets; and
(ii) repeating, by the processor, steps (c)-(g) in accordance with the first, second, or third policy as updated, until the stopping criteria is observed.

US Pat. No. 10,190,977

METHOD OF MEASUREMENT OF MULTILAYER STRUCTURES

LUMETRICS, INC., Rochest...

1. A method of identifying the material composition of each layer in a multilayer structure comprising m layers where m is an integer greater than 1, the method comprising the steps of:a) providing an interferometer apparatus with a low-coherence tunable light source;
b) aligning a portion of the multilayer structure with respect to a measurement region of the interferometer apparatus;
c) using the interferometer apparatus to observe layers in the multilayer structure, and to measure the optical thickness of each of the observed layers in the multilayer structure as a function of center wavelength of the low-coherence tunable light source;
d) determining the number of layers m in the multilayer structure by setting m equal to the maximum number of observed layers measured using the low coherence interferometer as a function of center wavelength of the low-coherence tunable light source;
e) calculating normalized group index of refraction dispersion curves for each of the m layers in the multilayer structure by selecting one center wavelength of the tunable light source as a reference wavelength and calculating the ratio of the measured optical thickness at each measurement wavelength to that measured at the selected reference wavelength for each of the m layers in the multilayer structure; and
f) for each of the m layers, identifying the material composition for that layer by comparing its calculated normalized group index of refraction dispersion curve to a reference data base of known materials group index of refraction dispersion curves and finding the best fit material for that layer.

US Pat. No. 10,190,976

SCANNING IR SENSOR FOR GAS SAFETY AND EMISSIONS MONITORING

MultiSensor Scientific, I...

1. A method for characterizing the mass flow of hydrocarbon gas emissions of a hydrocarbon of interest from an aperture or surface, the hydrocarbon of interest being at a substantially known or measured pressure prior to being emitted from the aperture or surface, the method comprising:a. obtaining a differential absorption image of the gas emissions using a multispectral imaging sensor comprising
i. plural discrete photo-detectors, each responsive to light in a wavelength range of 1.0 to 2.6 microns, each photo-detector having a respective electronic read-out circuit for providing respective outputs,
ii. plural spectral filters, each spectral filter substantially covering a respective photo-detector and being transmissive to light of wavelengths spanned by a spectral feature of a hydrocarbon compound of interest,
iii. an optical element for gathering and focusing incident illumination at least in a wavelength range of 1.0 to 2.6 microns through each of the plural spectral filters and onto the respective discrete photo-detector for the discrete photo-detectors to sense the filtered incident illumination;
iv. a scanning actuator for causing the incident illumination to be received in a two-dimensional scan pattern,
v. at least one signal integration and conversion circuit in communication with the read-out circuits for selectively integrating, amplifying, and digitizing the read-out circuit outputs,
vi. at least one scan control circuit in communication with the scanning actuator for controlling the scanning actuator and the at least one signal integration and conversion circuit for generating, by the at least one signal integration and conversion circuit, a sequence of two-dimensional data elements from the integrated, amplified, and digitized read-out circuit outputs for each of multiple spectral bands in coordination with the scan pattern, and
vii. a processor in communication with the at least one signal integration and conversion circuit for
I. receiving the generated data elements and a value representative of a distance between the photo-detectors and a reflective calibration target for calibrating the data elements of each spectral band relative to data elements associated with a spectral feature of a hydrocarbon compound of interest, by determining calibration parameters comprising
a). a dark level offset for each spectral band,
b). a relative gain for data elements of interest between spectral bands, and
c). a relative absorption coefficient for each spectral band characterizing the local atmosphere across multiple spectral bands, and
II. adapting the relative gain across spectral bands, using the generated data elements and the calibration parameters, to spectral reflectivities of background materials within the environment, and determining a differential optical depth among spectral bands for assessing absorption by hydrocarbons along said scan pattern; and
b. estimating the diameter of a substantially round aperture from which the hydrocarbon gas is emitted or the mass flow rate of said hydrocarbon of interest based upon at least one of
i. a relationship between the average differential optical depth along the gas jet extrapolated to the vertex of the gas jet and the substantially known or measured pressure with respect to the diameter or area of the aperture from which the hydrocarbon gas is emitted,
ii. a relationship between the substantially known or measured pressure and the mass flow of the hydrocarbon gas emitted from the aperture of inferred diameter or area,
iii. a relationship between the differential optical depth and the mass flow per unit area of the hydrocarbon gas emitted from a surface of limited extent under a substantially steady wind of measured speed and direction,
iv. a relationship between the differential optical depth, a rate of change of the differential optical depth, and a mass flow per unit area of the hydrocarbon gas emitted from the surface of limited extent under a substantially steady wind of measured speed and direction following a wind gust, and
v. a relationship between the differential optical depth derived at a height H above a wide-area surface from which the hydrocarbon gas is emitted and the mass flow per unit area of the hydrocarbon gas emitted from the surface under the influence of buoyancy.

US Pat. No. 10,190,974

OPTICAL GAS SENSOR COMPRISING AN LED EMITTER FOR THE EMISSION OF LIGHT OF A NARROW BANDWIDTH

1. An optical gas sensor for quantitatively measuring the concentration of one or more gases, the optical gas sensor comprising:a radiation source for emitting light waves;
a cuvette for holding a gas to be measured; and
a detector for measuring light intensities, wherein:
the radiation source comprises a first emitter and a second emitter, the first emitter being configured to emit light waves of a first wavelength and the second emitter is configured to emit light waves of a second wavelength, the second wavelength being different from the first wavelength, and the detector comprising at least one optical filter, the radiation source being configured to emit the light waves of the at least one first wavelength and of the second wavelength simultaneously as well as separately from one another;
the cuvette comprising a mirror arrangement with a plane mirror and a concave mirror arranged opposite the plane mirror, wherein an optical axis of the concave mirror is arranged essentially at right angles to the plane mirror, wherein the plane mirror has a first aperture and a second aperture, wherein the first aperture has at least two emitters;
the emitter is configured to emit a spectrum, the full width at half maximum of which is a maximum 50% of the effective wavelength; and
the detector being configured to receive the first and second wavelengths and to separately quantitatively detect an intensity of the emitted light waves of the first wavelength and of the second wavelength.

US Pat. No. 10,190,972

DEVICE FOR MANAGING PULSES IN PUMP-PROBE SPECTROSCOPY

ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE, Pal...

1. A device for managing light pulses for measuring a reaction of a sample exposed to a first light pulse called a “pump” pulse, the measurement being performed by analysis of a signal emitted by the sample subjected to a second light pulse, called a “probe” pulse, temporally shifted with respect to the “pump” pulse by a determined time interval, the device comprising:two ultrashort pulsed oscillators of different pulse frequencies, stable over a determined period ?t, said oscillators being characterized by their relative phase which allows to foresee the delay between all the pulses produced by the two oscillators,
two optical detectors beamed to detecting the pulses of two light beams emitted by two ultrashort pulsed oscillators respectively, the first beam being called the “pump” beam and the second beam being called the “probe” beam, in the direction of said sample; the detectors being connected to
a computer configured to accumulate during said determined period ?t measurements of the relative phase and determine, based on these measurements, the value of the time delays between subsequent pump and probe pulses, with a precision improving with the square root of the number of measurements, hence in the picosecond or sub-picosecond domain,
an acquisition system connected to the computer and configured to receive from the computer the time delay values and to acquire signals emitted by the sample in order to analyze its reaction to the pairs of pulses for determined values of time delay.

US Pat. No. 10,190,971

ANALYZING COLOR OF COLOR ALLOY USING REFLECTANCE

Korea Institute of Indust...

1. A method for analyzing a color of a color alloy using reflectance, wherein the method comprises:charging a measurement object and a reference object into a sample charging unit of a spectrophotometer;
emitting light to the reference object and to the measurement object, using a light source of the spectrophotometer, and reflecting the same;
measuring wavelength-wise reflectance while changing a wavelength of the light, which is directed from the light source to the measurement object and to the reference object, by a detection unit of the spectrophotometer;
calculating an absolute value of difference between wavelength-wise reflectance measured from the measurement object and from the reference object, as a deviation value, and calculating an average value thereof, in an operation unit;
dividing the average value by the wavelength-wise reflectance of the reference object, thereby obtaining a mean deviation ratio of reflectance; and
comparing the mean deviation ratio with a preset reference value, thereby determining whether the colors of the measurement object and the reference object are same or not by an operation unit,
wherein, in determining whether the colors are same or not by an operation unit, when the value of the mean deviation ratio is less than the preset reference value the colors are determined to be same by the operation unit, whereas when the value of the mean deviation ratio is equal to or higher than the preset reference value the colors are determined not to be same by the operation unit.

US Pat. No. 10,190,970

TILTED GRATING SENSOR

WEATHERFORD CANADA LTD, ...

1. A bending strain sensor comprising:an optical pathway; and
a tilted grating in the optical pathway, the tilted grating having one or more cladding mode resonances, each having a wavelength sensitive to bending strain on the tilted grating, such that a response conveying information on the bending strain acting on the sensor is generated when an optical signal is propagated in the optical pathway.

US Pat. No. 10,190,969

FLUID ANALYZER WITH MODULATION FOR LIQUIDS AND GASES

Redshift Bioanalytics, In...

1. A method of measuring a property of a fluid, comprising:creating adjacent spatial regions of a first fluid and a second fluid in a fluidic channel of a fluidic flow cell;
moving a boundary region separating the first fluid and second fluid through an interrogation region in the fluidic channel such that the interrogation region sequentially contains predominately the first fluid in a first time interval and primarily the second fluid in a second time interval;
illuminating with an optical source the interrogation region to create an interrogation signal from the interaction of the optical source signal and the first and second fluid within the interrogation region;
measuring a time varying interrogation signal with a transducer; and
processing the time varying interrogation signal to determine a first property of the first fluid or a second property of the second fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,190,968

CORROSION RATE MEASUREMENT WITH MULTIVARIABLE SENSOR

ROSEMOUNT INC., Shakopee...

1. A corrosion measurement system, comprising:a corrosion sensor having a corrosion sensor output related to corrosion due to exposure to a process fluid;
a process variable sensor having a process variable output related to a process variable of the process fluid wherein the process variable changes a rate at which components exposed to the process fluid corrode; and
measurement circuitry coupled to the corrosion sensor and the process variable sensor having an output related to corrosion of components exposed to the process fluid based upon the corrosion sensor output and the process variable output wherein the measurement circuitry identifies periods of reduced corrosion rate and uses reduced power during the periods of reduced corrosion rate.

US Pat. No. 10,190,967

FATIGUE CRACKING MACHINE FOR CIRCUMFERENTIAL NOTCHED TENSILE SPECIMENS

Kuwait Institute for Scie...

1. A fatigue cracking machine for circumferential notched tensile (CNT) specimens, comprising:a platform;
a motor securely mounted on the platform, the motor including a motor shaft;
a bearing support securely mounted on the platform;
a holding bearing mounted in the bearing support;
an elongate holding cylinder defining a blind bore, the holding cylinder having a first end coupled to the motor shaft and a second end journaled into the holding bearing, the blind bore having an opening in the second end of the holding cylinder configured for receiving a first end of a CNT specimen into the blind bore;
a bearing support block securely mounted on the platform;
a load fork having a pair of tines defining a first end of the load fork and a shaft extending from the tines, the shaft having an end defining the second end of the load fork, the shaft being slidable within the bearing support block;
a load bearing mounted between the tines of the load fork;
an elongate load cylinder defining a blind bore, the load cylinder having a first end journaled into the load bearing for rotation therewith in alignment with the holding cylinder, the load cylinder having a second end, the blind bore having an opening defined in the second end of the load cylinder configured for receiving a second end of the CNT specimen into the blind bore;
an adjustment bolt threadable in and out of the bearing support block to bear against the end of the shaft, the adjustment bolt adjusting displacement of the load fork;
a support post rigidly mounted on the platform; and
an indicator mounted on the support post, the indicator having a plunger bearing against the load bearing, the indicator being configured to measure displacement of the load bearing;
wherein the machine forms a crack in the CNT specimen through a plane extending through the circumferential notch when the specimen is supported by the holding cylinder and the load cylinder with the circumferential notch aligned with the second end of the holding cylinder and the motor is activated to rotate the motor shaft and the adjustment bolt is threaded into the bearing support block to displace the load fork to apply a bending force to the CNT specimen, the displacement being measured by the indicator to monitor initiation and propagation of the crack.

US Pat. No. 10,190,966

METAL-PIPE USE SUPPORT SYSTEM

1. A metal-pipe use support system comprising:a reading unit configured to read identification data for a plurality of metal pipes,
a metal pipe information reception unit configured to receive, from the reading unit, the identification data for each of the plurality of metal pipes;
a use condition reception unit configured to receive an environment value indicative of an environment at each of positions in a space in which the metal pipes are to be placed as use condition data about a condition under which a metal pipe is to be used;
a pipe-specific data acquisition unit configured to access a data recording unit storing pipe-specific data indicative of a property of each metal pipe and corresponding identification data in an associated manner and to acquire the pipe-specific data associated with the identification data received by the metal pipe information reception unit, the pipe-specific data including a performance value indicative of a performance of each of the metal pipes;
a pipe determination unit configured to assign, by a processor, to each of the positions in the space in which the metal pipes are to be placed, a metal pipe having a performance value suitable for the environment value of that position based on a comparison between the environment value for each of the positions in the space in which the metal pipes are to be placed indicated by the use-condition data and the performance value indicative of the performance of each of the metal pipes included in the pipe-specific data to determine an arrangement of the plurality of metal pipes; and
an output unit configured to output information relating to the metal pipe determined by the pipe determination unit.

US Pat. No. 10,190,965

CELL CAPTURE SYSTEM AND METHOD OF USE

Celsee Diagnostics, Inc.,...

1. A system for isolating and analyzing a set of particles from a biological sample, comprising:a substrate defining a set of chambers defined at a broad surface, wherein each chamber in the set of chambers is configured to retain a single particle of the set of particles and comprises:
a set of walls defining a chamber volume, a chamber length, and a chamber cross-section;
an open surface permitting access of the single particle to the chamber volume from a direction perpendicular to the broad surface of the substrate; and
wherein each chamber of the set of chambers is fluidly isolated from an adjacent chamber by the set of walls of each chamber, and wherein fluid received at the inlet channel enters each chamber only by way of the open surface of each chamber;
an inlet channel positioned superior the set of chambers and directly fluidly coupled to the set of chambers, whereby fluid received at the inlet channel concurrently accesses each of the chambers in the set of chambers at the open surface of each chamber; and
a fluid delivery module fluidly coupled to the inlet channel operable and configured to distribute a reagent fluid in a direction substantially parallel to the broad surface through the inlet channel, permitting access of the reagent fluid to the set of chambers.

US Pat. No. 10,190,964

GENERATING A FLUID STREAM IN A MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE

XY, LLC, Navasota, TX (U...

1. A method of operating a flow cytometer, comprising:providing a variable volume container having a flexible wall;
establishing an amount of fluid in said variable volume container;
exerting an amount of pressure with an amount of a gas on an exterior surface of said flexible wall of said variable volume container, wherein said flexible wall comprises at least two flexible layers, a first flexible layer compatible with said amount of gas and a second flexible layer compatible with said amount of fluid;
collecting said amount of gas between said first flexible layer and said second flexible layer;
providing a conduit between said variable volume container and a flow path of said flow cytometer;
generating a fluid stream of said amount of fluid in said flow path of said flow cytometer by exerting said amount of pressure with said amount of gas on said exterior surface of said flexible wall of said variable volume container;
generating a fluid pressure of said fluid stream of said amount of fluid inside of said flow cytometer within the range of about 25 psi and about 50 psi;
regulating said fluid stream within said flow path of said flow cytometer having said fluid pressure within the range of about 25 psi and about 50 psi for analysis of a plurality of particles entrained within said fluid stream;
intermittently entraining one of said plurality of particles in said fluid stream in said flow path of said flow cytometer; and
analyzing said plurality of particles entrained within said fluid stream.

US Pat. No. 10,190,962

FLOW CYTOMETRY SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR BLOCKING DIFFRACTION PATTERNS

Abbott Laboratories, Abb...

1. A flow cytometer system for blocking a diffraction pattern, the system comprising:an intermediate angle scatter (IAS) light detector; and
a mask disposed across a portion of the IAS light detector and covering at least a central portion of the IAS light detector so as to block a diffraction pattern created by:
(1) a flat beam profile irradiating the liquid sample while allowing all IAS signals to be detected by the IAS light detector; or
(2) a mismatched index of refraction between a sheath fluid and a liquid sample when the liquid sample is irradiated while allowing all IAS signals emitted from the liquid sample to be detected by the IAS light detector.

US Pat. No. 10,190,960

MICRO-LENS SYSTEMS FOR PARTICLE PROCESSING SYSTEMS

1. A particle processing system comprising:a detection region including a micro-lens array; and
a particle processing region configured to be removably and optically coupled to the detection region, wherein the particle processing region includes at least one microfluidic channel;
wherein the micro-lens array includes at least one micro-lens system having a plurality of free-space optical elements disposed along a central axis, the micro-lens system positioned relative to the at least one microfluidic channel so as to collect light from an angle of less than 180 degrees from the at least one microfluidic channel, and
wherein at least one optical element collects and collimates a fluorescence signal.

US Pat. No. 10,190,959

SORTING FLOW CYTOMETER

Beckman Coulter, Inc., B...

1. A sorting flow cytometer comprising:a fluid nozzle configured to receive a fluid input and generate a fluid stream along a fluid path;
a laser configured to generate a laser beam and positioned to direct the laser beam at the fluid stream;
acquisition electronics including a sensor analyzer arranged and configured to detect light from the laser after the laser beam has intersected the fluid stream;
a computing device in data communication with the acquisition electronics;
a computer readable data storage device storing data instructions that, when executed by the computing device, cause the computing device to perform the following steps:
identify segments of the fluid stream, including a first segment and a second segment that are directly adjacent to each other;
generate preliminary sort decisions that assign preliminary charges to segments of the fluid stream including a first preliminary sort decision that assigns a first preliminary charge to the first segment and a second preliminary sort decision that assigns a second preliminary charge to the second segment;
evaluate the first preliminary sort decision and the second preliminary sort decision;
generate final sort decisions that include a modification to the first preliminary sort decision or the second preliminary sort decision to assign a neutral charge for at least one of the first segment or the second segment; and
generate a sort control signal according to the final sort decisions;
sort control electronics in data communication with the computing device, configured to receive the sort control signal from the computing device and selectively apply charges to the segments of the fluid stream prior to a drop break off point; and
deflection plates arranged adjacent to the fluid path to sort drops formed from the segments of the fluid stream into a plurality of containers.

US Pat. No. 10,190,958

PROBE PERMEAMETRY ON UNCONSOLIDATED FORMATIONS

New England Research, Inc...

1. A method for measuring permeability of a formation using a probe permeameter, comprising:confining a sample of the formation in a container;
covering the formation sample with a screen having a plurality of perforations therein, the screen being configured to conform to irregularities in a surface of the formation sample;
applying the probe permeameter to at least one selected perforation in the screen, wherein the screen distributes a load from the probe permeameter sufficiently so as not to deform the sample and thereby provides a fluid tight seal between probe tip and the formation sample;
and measuring permeability of the formation at the at least one selected perforation.

US Pat. No. 10,190,956

TRUE DENSITY MEASUREMENT DEVICE

MicrotracBEL Corp., Osak...

1. A true density measurement device for measuring a true density of an object to be measured with a gas phase substitution method, the true density measurement device comprising:a sample chamber that houses the object to be measured, and is pressurized by introducing an inert gas into the sample chamber;
an expansion chamber into which the inert gas having been introduced into the sample chamber is released;
a capacity changing member that can be housed in the expansion chamber; and
a notifying section that recommends use of the capacity changing member based on a relationship between a previously obtained capacity of the expansion chamber and a measurement error, wherein;
the expansion chamber is opened and closed by a lid which can be attached or detached under normal usage conditions, and has a variable capacity that is changed by inserting or removing the capacity changing member.

US Pat. No. 10,190,954

PRE-STRAINED COMPOSITE TEST COUPONS

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. A method comprising:inserting a test coupon of a composite material having a plurality of layers into a testing device that has a first element to secure the test coupon and a second element to secure the test coupon, wherein the plurality of layers of the test coupon are arranged in a cross-ply layup including:
inner ply layers having first fibers and a first matrix material associated with the first fibers, the first fibers oriented in a first direction; and
outer ply layers having second fibers and a second matrix material associated with the second fibers, the outer ply layers including outermost ply layers and the second fibers oriented in a second direction that is different than the first direction;
performing a first loading operation on the test coupon, wherein the first loading operation includes applying a first tensile load oriented in the first direction, the first tensile load corresponding to a threshold load that is less than a failure load of the first fibers;
removing the first tensile load after the first tensile load causes cracking along the second direction and between the second fibers of each of the outermost ply layers;
after removing the first tensile load, performing a second loading operation on the test coupon, wherein the second loading operation includes increasing tensile loading of the test coupon to the failure load of the first fibers;
receiving, from the testing device, strain values of the test coupon during tensile loading of the test coupon; and
determining one or more modulus values associated with a first contribution corresponding to the inner ply layers based on the strain values and based on a nominal thickness of a ply area associated with the inner ply layers, the first contribution independent of a second contribution of the outer ply layers.

US Pat. No. 10,190,953

TOMOGRAPHY SAMPLE PREPARATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS WITH IMPROVED SPEED, AUTOMATION, AND RELIABILITY

1. A method for creating a tomography sample from a sample substrate, comprising:(a) identifying a target area and underlying target volume of a substrate containing a region of interest;
(b) creating a mill pattern based on the target area and a desired sample pillar height and width;
(c) milling a crater asymmetrically positioned around the identified target area to form a sample pillar containing a target volume using a focused ion beam (FIB), (i) the crater large enough to allow a single FIB cut at a desired angle from vertical with respect to the sample pillar orientation to pass within the crater and cut the sample pillar free from the substrate, (ii) the crater having a first depth on a cutting side of the sample pillar of at least the desired sample pillar height and a second, larger, depth opposite the cutting side, the second depth large enough to accommodate the opposite end of the single FIB cut to leave the sample pillar detached after the single FIB cut, (iii) the crater having a first gap between the sample pillar and a crater edge on the cutting side and a second gap, substantially smaller than the first gap, opposite the cutting side;
(d) attaching a probe tip of a probe to the sample pillar;
(e) cutting the sample pillar free with the single FIB cut at the desired angle; and
(f) using the probe to move the sample pillar to a sample holder.

US Pat. No. 10,190,952

GUEST-COMPOUND-ENVELOPING POLYMER-METAL-COMPLEX CRYSTAL, METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME, METHOD FOR PREPARING CRYSTAL STRUCTURE ANALYSIS SAMPLE, AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING MOLECULAR STRUCTURE OF ORGANIC COMPOUND

JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOL...

1. A polymer-metal complex crystal including a compound (A) as a guest compound, the polymer-metal complex crystal consisting of:a polymer-metal complex represented by [[M(X)2]3(L)2]n (wherein M is a metal ion, X is a monovalent anion, L is a tridentate ligand represented by a formula (1),
wherein Ar is a substituted or unsubstituted trivalent aromatic group, X1 to X3 are independently a divalent organic group, or a single bond that directly bonds Ar and Y1, Y2, or Y3, and Y1 to Y3 are independently a monovalent organic group having a coordinating moiety, and n is an arbitrary natural number), wherein the polymer-metal complex has a three-dimensional network structure that is formed by the metal ion and the ligand that is coordinated to the metal ion, and the polymer-metal complex comprising pores and optionally voids, said pores being identical to each other such that they are three-dimensionally arranged in the three-dimensional network structure in an ordered manner; anda compound (A) selected from the group consisting of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, an alicyclic hydrocarbon, an ether, an ester, an aromatic hydrocarbon selected from the group consisting of benzene, toluene, xylene, mesitylene and naphthalene, anthracene, and phenanthrene, a halogenated hydrocarbon, and a nitrile, the compound (A) being included in the pores as a guest compound.

US Pat. No. 10,190,951

ASSEMBLY FOR PICKING AND TRANSPORTING NANOOBJECTS CONTAINED IN AEROSOLS, WITH A CASSETTE THE OPENING OF WHICH IS SECURED DURING THE PICKING

PARTICLEVER, Paris (FR)

1. An assembly for sampling and transporting of nano-objects present in an aerosol for analysis, comprising:a device comprising:
a porous sampling filter configured to trap nano-objects in suspension in the aerosol,
a cassette composed of a first piece and a second piece provided with means for holding the filter, the first and second pieces, in an assembled configuration, defining a cavity in which the filter is held, wherein:
the first piece comprises at least one elastically deformable foot extending from the first piece and comprising an opening, and
the second piece comprises at least one channel configured to receive the at least one elastically deformable foot, and a protrusion extending radially from the at least one channel and configured to engage the opening of the deformable foot when the first and second pieces are in the assembled configuration, and
at least one gasket configured to produce tightness between the cavity and an environment external to the cavity;
a sampling apparatus comprising means of aspiration and a seat defining a seat opening for receiving the cassette, wherein:
the cassette is secured in the seat opening in a removable manner when in the assembled configuration to accomplish sampling of contaminants by the means of aspiration, and
when in the assembled configuration and when the cassette is secured in the seat opening, the at least one elastically deformable foot extends at least partly in seat opening and the seat prevents disengagement of the opening of the at least one elastically deformable foot from the protrusion of the at least one channel.

US Pat. No. 10,190,950

SEMI-AUTOMATED SAMPLING SYSTEM FOR ASEPTIC SAMPLING

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A semi-automated sampling assembly configured for aseptic sampling at one or more instances from a sample source having a biological inoculum, the semi-automated sampling assembly comprising:a sampling conduit comprising a first port and a second port, wherein the first port of the sampling conduit is configured to be coupled to the sample source, wherein the second port of the sampling conduit is configured to be coupled to a purging fluid source;
a recovery conduit comprising a first port and a second port, wherein the first port of the recovery conduit is configured to be coupled to the sample source, wherein the second port of the recovery conduit is coupled to the sampling conduit at a junction;
a sampling loop comprising a portion of a tubing of the semi-automated sampling assembly disposed between the first port of the sampling conduit, the junction, and the first port of the recovery conduit, and wherein the biological inoculum is circulated in the sampling loop and returned to the sample source via the recovery conduit prior to a sampling instance;
one or more sampling kits coupled to the sampling conduit; and
a motorized pump coupled to the sampling conduit, wherein the motorized pump is configured to draw the purging fluid source, or a sample, or both, in the sampling conduit.

US Pat. No. 10,190,949

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR A CONE PENETRATION TEST WITH WHIPSTOCK-ENABLED SOIL SAMPLING

1. An apparatus for taking soil samples from subsurface soil strata, comprising:an elongated tubular whipstock cell having a proximal end and a distal end;
a through-opening along a portion of the whipstock cell comprising a pre-formed window;
a whipstock residing within the whipstock cell, the whipstock having a face angled towards the pre-formed window;
at least one push rod connected to the proximal end of the whipstock cell, the push rod representing a tubular body;
an elongated sampling rod dimensioned to be slidably moved through an inner diameter of the at least one push rod en route to the whipstock cell;
a mechanical soil sampler configured to extend through the pre-formed window; and
a bent sub having a proximal end and a distal end, wherein the proximal end is connected to a distal end of the sampling rod, and the distal end is connected to the soil sampler, and wherein the bent sub is configured to deflect off of the whipstock face when urged through the pre-formed window.

US Pat. No. 10,190,948

TYPE OF MULTI-NOZZLE COMBINED ATOMIZING DUST SUPPRESSION EXPERIMENTAL EQUIPMENT UNDER THE EFFECT OF AIRFLOW DISTURBANCE

SHANGDONG UNIVERSITY OF S...

1. A multi-nozzle combined atomizing dust suppression experimental equipment under an effect of airflow disturbance, wherein the equipment comprises a simulated roadway device, water spray based dust suppression device and nozzle position adjustor;the simulated roadway device comprises an inlet portion, front divergent portion, simulated roadway body, rear convergent portion and outlet portion;
the water spray based dust suppression device comprises a dust generation and extraction system and spraying system,
the dust generation and extraction system comprises a dust generation device, exhaust air duct, exhaust fan and outlet air duct,
the dust generation device is located at an inlet portion of the simulated roadway device, the inlet portion is connected to the atmosphere, one end of the exhaust air duct is connected to an outlet portion of the simulated roadway device and the other end of the exhaust air duct is connected to the outlet air duct via the exhaust fan;
the spraying system comprises a water tank, high pressure water pump, confined water pipe, pressure water flow converter and multiple nozzles, the water tank is connected via the high pressure water pump and confined water pipe to the pressure water flow converter which is connected with multiple nozzles;
the nozzle position adjustor comprises a nozzle slide, slide fixing rod, nozzle sliding rack and electrically-controlled drive system, every nozzle is mounted on the nozzle slide,
all nozzle slides are mounted on the slide fixing rod which is located on the nozzle sliding rack arranged inside the simulated roadway body, a vertical slideway is located on the nozzle sliding rack and a horizontal slideway is located under the nozzle sliding rack,
the electrically-controlled drive system comprises a horizontal drive system which controls horizontal position change of the nozzle sliding rack on the horizontal slideway and a vertical drive system which controls vertical position change of the slide fixing rod on the vertical slideway.

US Pat. No. 10,190,947

VISUAL CREEP INSPECTION OF ROTATING COMPONENTS

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A system comprising:a component with an external surface and an axis of rotation, wherein the external surface has a circumference and a plurality of three dimensional reference marks forming a reference pattern along the circumference;
an optical data capture device that transmits a data signal based on the plurality of three dimensional reference marks;
a rotational index encoder that generates position data related to the plurality of three dimensional reference marks as the component rotates around the axis of rotation; and
a data analysis system that processes the data signal transmitted from the optical data capture device and the position data generated by the rotational index encoder to calculate a deviation in spacing of the reference pattern along the circumference and determine a strain measurement.

US Pat. No. 10,190,946

MEASURING COMB FOR MEASURING PARAMETERS OF THE GASES EXITING A TURBOMACHINE WORKING SECTION

SAFRAN AIRCRAFTS ENGINES,...

1. A measuring comb for measuring at least one of temperature, pressure, or chemical composition of gases flowing at an outlet of a turbine engine flow path, said flow path extending around an axis of revolution of the flow path, said measuring comb comprising:a comb body with an elongated shape, facing the outlet of the flow path, said comb body comprising at least one measuring opening arranged along an axis, the at least one measuring opening being configured to tap gases flowing at the outlet of the flow path; and
adjusting means configured to adjust an angle between the axis of the at least one measuring opening and the axis of revolution, so as to allow orientation of the at least one measuring opening in a flow direction of the gases at the outlet of the flow path,
wherein the comb body is a rod forming a rotation line around which the at least one measuring opening is capable of pivoting, and
wherein the rod is equipped with a plurality of modules each accommodating a measuring opening, the modules being configured to pivot around the rod independently from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,190,945

PARTICULATE MATTER/NUMBER SYNCHRONIZATION MEASUREMENT DEVICE

3DATX Corporation, Buffa...

1. An emissions measurement system comprising:an emissions sample inlet;
at least three sensors connected to the emissions sample inlet, wherein the sensors are sequentially connected in a linear arrangement and wherein each of the at least three sensors is configured to perform a different measurement of a sample;
an emissions sample outlet connected to the at least three sensors;
a sensor cartridge defining the emissions sample inlet and the emissions sample outlet, wherein the sensors are disposed within the sensor cartridge between the emissions sample inlet and emissions sample outlet;
a sample probe that is fluidically connected to the emissions sample inlet; and
a battery disposed in the sensor cartridge that is configured to provide power to the sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,190,943

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR INSPECTING ROLLING ELEMENTS BY MEANS OF ULTRASOUND

ThyssenKrupp Rothe Erde G...

1. A method for inspection of rolling elements by means of ultrasound comprising:individually taking the rolling elements to an ultrasound measuring device, wherein the rolling elements are of spherical shape;
arranging the individual rolling elements in a center between two drive rollers of the ultrasound measuring device;
moving the individual rolling elements in the ultrasound measuring device and subjecting the individual rolling elements to an ultrasound measurement,
wherein in the moving step, the drive rollers are turned with a same speed and in a same direction about a common axis of rotation, such that the individual rolling elements placed thereupon are also turned about an axis arranged parallel to the common axis of rotation of the drive rollers, and such that a circumferential line of the individual in rolling elements is moved past a stationary ultrasound head,
wherein after a complete rotation, an opposite running drive of the drive rollers produces a rotation of the individual rolling elements about a vertical axis, and
wherein during another synchronous rotation of the drive rollers, a different circumferential line in a manner of a circle of longitude is moved past an assigned measuring device; and
classifying the individual rolling elements, depending on a result of the ultrasound measurement the individual rolling elements, as defective or nondefective.

US Pat. No. 10,190,942

DIAGNOSIS OF DRIVE SHAFT DISC COUPLINGS

SIKORSKY AIRCRAFT CORPORA...

1. A method applied to one or more components of a drive shaft of an aircraft, the method comprising:obtaining data based on samples of a vibration signal;
processing, by at least one processor, the data to obtain a qualitative and quantitative assessment of a health of the one or more components based on an application of the data to at least one model, wherein processing the data further comprises segmenting the vibration signal into a plurality of segments representative of a revolution of the drive shaft based on a nominal speed of the drive shaft as part of processing the data, resampling the vibration signal segments from constant time based sampling to constant angular based sampling, and averaging the resampled segments as part of processing the data; and
outputting the assessment.

US Pat. No. 10,190,941

SILICON OPTICAL CIRCUIT FOR FLAW DETECTION IN AN OPTICAL CIRCUIT ELEMENT

NIPPON TELEGRAPH AND TELE...

1. A silicon optical circuit having a function of detecting a flaw occurred on an optical circuit element formed on a substrate, the optical circuit comprising:an optical waveguide arranged along at least a part of a contour of a target circuit having a predetermined function by the optical circuit element and arranged proximate at a distance that does not cause optical coupling with the target circuit; and
optical path conversion means disposed at both ends of the optical waveguide.

US Pat. No. 10,190,939

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PERFORMING INTERRELATION PROFILE ANALYSIS

AFL Telecommunications LL...

1. A method of analyzing polarization-maintaining (PM) optical fibers, comprising:illuminating a side of each of a first and second PM optical fiber using light having a focus point intersecting each of the first and second PM optical fibers;
physically rotating each of the first and second PM optical fiber and measuring light intensity of the light transmitted through each of the first and second PM optical fiber to obtain an image profile of each of the first and second PM optical fiber;
mathematically shifting the image profile of each of the first and second PM optical fiber at incremental rotation angles;
expanding the image profile of each of the first and second PM optical fiber at each rotational angle into a Fourier series profile, using the following equations to expand the image profile of each of the first and second PM optical fiber at each rotational angle into the Fourier series profile:

determining points of symmetry of each of the first and second PM optical fiber based on the Fourier series profiles; and
aligning the first and second PM optical fibers based on the points of symmetry.

US Pat. No. 10,190,938

SEMI-FLEXIBLE PROOF-MASS

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A microelectromechanical device, comprising:a substantially planar semi-flexible proof-mass comprising at least one primary part and at least one secondary part, and at least one stiff spring coupling the at least one primary part to the at least one secondary part of the semi-flexible proof-mass, the at least one stiff spring substantially causing the at least one primary part and the at least one secondary part to move as a single, rigid entity when the device is in a normal operation range;
at least one main spring coupled to the at least one secondary part, the main spring coupling the semi-flexible proof-mass to a fixed suspension structure; and
at least one first stopper structure configured to stop the at least one primary part,
wherein the semi-flexible proof-mass is configured to deform through deflection of the at least one stiff spring, when the device is subjected to a shock that impacts the device with a force that is beyond the normal operation range of the device, the shock causing a motion of the semi-flexible proof-mass at least in a direction along an axis of movement, and
wherein the at least one stiff spring further causes a restoring force causing the at least one secondary part of the semi-flexible proof-mass to be driven into a restoring motion in a direction opposite to the motion along the axis of movement caused by the shock, wherein momentum of the at least one secondary part in the restoring motion further causes the at least one primary part to dislodge from the at least one first stopper structure.

US Pat. No. 10,190,936

MOBILE BRIDGE APPARATUS

BAE Systems plc, London ...

1. A mobile bridge apparatus, comprising:a plurality of mobile bridge modules each configured to form a portion of a bridge and to be in connection with one another; and
a plurality of sensors, each of the sensors being located at different locations on at least one of the mobile bridge modules and configured to sense a deformation of each respective mobile bridge module.

US Pat. No. 10,190,934

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ENGINE-OFF NATURAL VACUUM LEAK TESTING WITH FUEL ENABLEMENT COMPENSATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an evaporative emissions system, comprising:adjusting a threshold for an evaporative emissions leak test entry condition that comprises an engine heat rejection inference for an engine run time duration, based on at least a fuel level;
responsive to the engine heat rejection inference being greater than the adjusted threshold, adjusting one or more pressure thresholds for an evaporative emissions leak test based on the engine heat rejection inference; and
indicating degradation of the evaporative emissions system based on the adjusted one or more pressure thresholds.

US Pat. No. 10,190,933

CRANKSHAFT BALANCER MACHINE

Dominion Technologies Gro...

1. A crankshaft balancer machine for balancing a crankshaft, the crankshaft balancer machine comprising:a measurement station configured to rotate the crankshaft to obtain vibration-related data, the measurement station having a base structure, a measurement bridge support, a plurality of flexural support legs extending between the base structure and the measurement bridge support, and a drive system configured to rotate the crankshaft, the measurement station having at least one sensor for detecting an imbalance and outputting imbalance data;
a transfer station configured to transfer the crankshaft between the measurement station and a correction station, the transfer station having a least one lifting arm selectively engaging the crankshaft and supporting the crankshaft during transfer; and
the correction station configured to drill at least a portion of the crankshaft to correct an imbalance in response to the imbalance data, the correction station having a bridge support structure supporting the crankshaft and a drilling device, the drilling device being horizontally disposed to achieve a horizontal drill direction into the crankshaft, the correction station having a positioning system positioning the drilling device relative to the crankshaft.

US Pat. No. 10,190,932

METHOD FOR PREVENTING GASES AND FLUIDS TO PENETRATE A SURFACE OF AN OBJECT

INFICON GMBH, Bad Ragaz ...

1. A method for preventing gases and fluids to penetrate a surface of an object, comprising the steps of:depositing (S1) an amorphous metal (5) on a surface of an object (4), wherein the depositing comprises:
depositing a first amorphous metal on said surface of said object forming a continuous layer (5a) thereon; and
depositing a second amorphous metal on the continuous layer formed by the first amorphous metal forming a continuous layer (5b) thereon, wherein the composition of said second amorphous metal differs from the composition of said first amorphous metal;
forming (S2) a continuous layer of said amorphous metal (5) on said surface of said object (4);
binding (S3) said amorphous metal (5) to said surface of said object by chemical binding; and
passivation (S4) of a surface of said amorphous metal (5) facing away from said surface of said object (4).

US Pat. No. 10,190,931

DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE SENSOR

COMETNETWORK CO., LTD., ...

1. A differential pressure sensor, comprising:a housing including a body and a cover, the housing having a first chamber and a second chamber defined in the housing and separated from each other;
a first pressure channel communicating with the first chamber;
a second pressure channel communicating with the second chamber;
a substrate on which an electronic component is mounted and on which a terminal is formed, the substrate including a first surface facing the first chamber and a second surface parallel to the first surface and facing the second chamber, the substrate configured to cover the second chamber;
a sensor element installed on the first surface of the substrate so as to generate an electric signal corresponding to a pressure difference between the first chamber and the second chamber;
a lead frame installed in the housing with one end thereof extending into the first chamber, the lead frame configured to transmit the electric signal of the sensor element to an external device;
a conductive wire configured to connect the terminal of the substrate and the lead frame so as to transmit the electric signal of the sensor element to the lead frame;
a first sealing member disposed in a region where the body and the cover make contact with each other, the first sealing member configured to seal the first chamber with respect to the outside; and
a second sealing member disposed in a region where the substrate and the body make contact with each other, the second sealing member configured to seal the second chamber with respect to the first chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,190,930

MICRO FEEDBACK-CHAMBER SENSOR AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SUCH SENSOR

Mei-Yen Lee, Hsin Chu (T...

1. A micro feedback-chamber sensor, comprising:a semiconductor base having a sensing circuit;
a bonding structure layer formed on the semiconductor base; and
a sensing member chip having a low-resistance semiconductor body, a first end portion and a second end portion, wherein the semiconductor body has free-standing silicon (Si) posts, the first end portion is formed with at least one sensing member structure, the second end portion is connected to the semiconductor base through the bonding structure layer, a micro feedback-chamber structure is formed among the at least one sensing member structure, the semiconductor base and the semiconductor body, and the at least one sensing member structure is electrically connected to the sensing circuit through the free-standing Si posts, wherein:
the at least one sensing member structure and the micro feedback-chamber structure collaboratively react to an externally inputted physical signal to generate a sensing signal outputted to the sensing circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,190,929

PRESSURE SENSOR DEVICE AND PRESSURE SENSOR DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. A pressure sensor cell, comprising:a semiconductor pressure sensor chip having a pressure receiving portion and for converting pressure into an electric signal;
a base member having a through hole that penetrates a first surface of the base member and a second surface of the base member, the semiconductor pressure sensor chip being joined to the second surface so that the pressure receiving portion is aligned with the through hole;
a metal material;
a pressure introduction unit formed of metal and having a through hole that penetrates a first surface of the pressure introduction unit and a second surface of the pressure introduction unit, the second surface of the pressure introduction unit being joined across the metal material to the first surface of the base member so that the through hole of the pressure introduction unit connects with the through hole of the base member, the pressure introduction unit having
a stepped portion protruding outward in an end portion of the pressure introduction unit on an opened end side in which the through hole of the pressure introduction unit is opened, and
a protruding portion protruding from the stepped portion to a base member side, a wall thickness of the protruding portion being smaller than a height of the stepped portion; and
a resin case having a signal terminal that extracts the electric signal from the semiconductor pressure sensor chip, the protruding portion being integrated with the resin case so that a surface of the stepped portion on a side, that is opposite to the opened end side, is in contact with the resin case;
wherein the through hole of the pressure introduction unit is wider than the through hole of the base member.

US Pat. No. 10,190,928

FLEXIBLE SENSOR FOR MEASURING FLEX OR TORQUE

X Development LLC, Mount...

1. A sensor comprising:a printed circuit board (PCB) comprising a slot extending from an outer edge of the PCB to an inner portion of the PCB, the slot defining a first inner-slot surface and a second inner-slot surface facing, across the slot, the first inner-slot surface, the first and second inner-slot surfaces being separated by a gap when the PCB is in an unflexed state, the slot being configured to permit the PCB to flex so as to vary a relative position of the first inner-slot surface with respect to the second inner-slot surface;
a capacitive structure on the PCB comprising:
a first electrode on a portion of the first inner-slot surface of the PCB; and
a second electrode on a portion of the second inner-slot surface of PCB, the second electrode aligned with the first electrode across the slot; and
mechanical coupling sites arranged on the PCB such that mechanical variations in a structure to which the sensor is attached cause the PCB to flex and vary a relative position of the first electrode with respect to the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,190,927

TACTILE SENSOR AND METHOD FOR EVALUATING TOUCH FEELING

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPO...

1. A tactile sensor, comprisinga sensor part that is formed in a substrate, wherein
the sensor part includes:
a frame that includes a side part of the substrate;
a contact that is disposed in parallel to the substrate so that a tip of the contact projects from a side face of the substrate;
a suspension that supports the contact to the frame; and
a displacement detector that detects displacement of the contact.

US Pat. No. 10,190,924

PRESSURE-SENSING DEVICE AND PRESSURE-SENSING TOUCH PANEL

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A pressure-sensing device comprisinga pressed component that has a contact surface to which pressure is applied by contact from a presser;
a polymeric piezoelectric element that is disposed at an opposite side from the contact surface of the pressed component and that has a piezoelectric constant d14 of 1 pC/N or more, as measured at 25° C. using a stress-charge method;
a curable resin layer that comprises at least one selected from the group consisting of cold-setting resins, thermosetting resins and actinic radiation-curable resins, and that is in contact with at least part of a surface of a side facing the pressed component of the polymeric piezoelectric element or at least part of a surface of an opposite side facing the pressed component of the polymeric piezoelectric element; and
an electrode that is in contact with at least part of a surface of the polymeric piezoelectric element or of a surface of the curable resin layer.

US Pat. No. 10,190,922

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CALIBRATING A SENSOR

INTEL CORPORATION, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprising:a first transistor with a gate terminal coupled to a first node and a current source;
a second transistor with a gate terminal coupled to a second node and ground;
a first resistor coupled to the first and second nodes;
a second resistor coupled to the first node and a reference voltage supply;
a diode coupled to the second node;
a third resistor coupled to the second node and the voltage reference supply; and
a switch coupled to the third resistor and the voltage reference supply, and wherein a temperature is sensed by subtracting a first current from the first resistor with a second current from the third resistor at the first node when the switch is on.

US Pat. No. 10,190,921

INTERNAL TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT DEVICE

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. An internal temperature measurement device, comprising:a base portion, one surface of which is to be brought into contact with a surface of a measuring object when an internal temperature of the measuring object is measured;
a MEMS chip arranged on another surface of the base portion, and including: a substrate portion including a first thin film portion and a second thin film portion that are hollow on the base portion side; a first thermopile configured to measure a first temperature difference between a predetermined region and another region of the first thin film portion; and a second thermopile configured to measure a second temperature difference between a predetermined region and another region of the second thin film portion; and
a calculation unit configured to calculate an internal temperature of the measuring object by using the first temperature difference measured by the first thermopile and the second temperature difference measured by the second thermopile,
wherein the MEMS chip is configured such that a first heat flux which passes through the predetermined region of the first thin film portion from the measuring object in contact with the one surface of the base portion, and which is determined on the basis of the first temperature difference, and a second heat flux which passes through the predetermined region of the second thin film portion from the measuring object in contact with the one surface of the base portion, and which is determined on the basis of the second temperature difference, are different from each other, and in order to reduce the first heat flux, a thin film portion that is hollow on the base portion side is provided on at least one of both sides of the first thin film portion of the substrate portion in a direction where the first thin film portion and the second thin film portion are arranged.

US Pat. No. 10,190,920

ENVIRONMENT SENSOR FOR ACOUSTIC INSTRUMENT

Music Nomad LLC, Sonoma,...

1. A sensor device for an acoustic instrument having a sound hole, comprising:an assembly, comprising:
a body comprising a top, a bottom, and at least one sidewall extending between the top and bottom, wherein the top, the bottom, and the least one sidewall define an internal cavity, and the sidewall includes at least one opening; and
a support member coupled to the top of the body to form an assembly, the support member including a planar surface and a display arranged within the planar surface; and
a sensor contained within the assembly;
wherein the support member forms a right angle relative to the top of the body.

US Pat. No. 10,190,919

DIFFERENTIAL THERMISTOR CIRCUIT

Fairchild Semiconductor C...

1. A circuit comprising:a first resistor configured to be coupled to a first terminal of a temperature-sensitive resistance;
a second resistor configured to be coupled to a second terminal of the temperature-sensitive resistance;
a temperature information circuit configured to:
receive a first voltage from the first terminal of the temperature-sensitive resistance;
receive a second voltage from the second terminal of the temperature-sensitive resistance; and
provide temperature information based on the first voltage and the second voltage, the temperature information circuit including:
a first comparison circuit configured to determine a difference between the first voltage and the second voltage; and
a second comparison circuit configured to compare an output of the first comparison circuit to a reference.

US Pat. No. 10,190,918

CIRCUIT APPARATUS, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, AND MOVING OBJECT

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A circuit apparatus comprising:a voltage output circuit that outputs a first output voltage when a first current of first temperature characteristics flows in a resistance element, and a second output voltage when a second current of second temperature characteristics different from the first temperature characteristics flows in the resistance element, wherein the voltage output circuit includes
a first transistor configured to selectively provide the first current to the resistance element in a first period such that the voltage output circuit outputs the first output voltage in the first period, and
a second transistor configured to selectively provide the second current to the resistance element in a second period such that the voltage output circuit outputs the second output voltage in the second period;
an A/D conversion circuit that outputs a first digital value by performing A/D conversion on the first output voltage, and outputs a second digital value by performing A/D conversion on the second output voltage; and
a processing unit that obtains temperature data by digital calculation processing based on the first digital value and the second digital value.

US Pat. No. 10,190,915

SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR CALIBRATING PYROMETERS IN THERMAL PROCESSING CHAMBERS

Mattson Technology, Inc.,...

1. A process for determining a temperature dependent optical characteristic of a substrate, comprising:placing a substrate made of semiconductor material within a thermal processing chamber, the thermal processing chamber comprising a heating source and at least one coherent light source;
emitting light energy from the at least one coherent light source;
while emitting the light energy from the at least one coherent light source, altering the coherence of the light energy emitted from the at least one coherent light source to generate light energy of altered coherence such that the light energy has an altered spatial coherence by altering a phase of electromagnetic field oscillations across the profile of the light energy emitted from the coherent light source;
detecting, with at least one light detector, the amount of light energy of altered coherence that is transmitted through or reflected from the substrate;
determining a temperature dependent optical characteristic of the substrate based on the detected light energy; and
calibrating a temperature measurement system based at least in part on the temperature dependent optical characteristic.

US Pat. No. 10,190,914

MOTION DETECTION FOR A/V RECORDING AND COMMUNICATION DEVICES

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A method for an audio/video (A/V) recording and communication device, including a motion sensor, the method comprising:gathering, by the motion sensor, information within a field of view of the A/V recording and communication device and generating an output signal;
sampling the output signal from the motion sensor during a first sampling interval;
calculating a first magnitude of the output signal during the first sampling interval;
sampling the output signal from the motion sensor during a second sampling interval;
calculating a second magnitude of the output signal during the second sampling interval;
calculating a difference between the first magnitude and the second magnitude;
comparing the difference between the first magnitude and the second magnitude to a threshold value; and
upon determining that the difference between the first magnitude and the second magnitude is greater than the threshold value, refraining from generating an alert signal.

US Pat. No. 10,190,913

SUBSTRATE PROCESSING APPARATUS AND METHOD

ZEUS CO., LTD., Osan-si,...

1. A substrate processing apparatus comprising:an emissivity setting unit to which emissivity at a liquid chemical which is brought into contact with a substrate or emissivity at an interface at which the substrate and the liquid chemical are in contact with each other is input;
a radiant energy input unit to which radiant energy radiating from the liquid chemical or the interface is input; and
a calculation unit that calculates a calculation temperature of the liquid chemical or the interface based on the emissivity and the radiant energy,
wherein the radiant energy input unit is provided to be spaced apart from the substrate on an opposite side in which the interface is positioned with respect to the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,190,912

OPTICAL SYSTEM OF A HIGH-RESOLUTION IMAGING SPECTROGRAPH FOR DEEP UV RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY

1. A device comprising:an elongated entrance aperture comprised of a slit, which is followed by a collimating objective, with a dispersive element inserted between the collimating objective and a following focusing objective, and
a multi-channel radiation detector arranged behind the focusing objective, wherein the collimating objective comprises at least a main aspherical mirror, wherein the focusing objective is formed by a set of lenses made of CaF2 and fused silica, and the dispersive element is formed by at least one of a diffraction grating and at least one optical prism that increases dispersion and corrects anamorphic magnification of the at least one diffraction grating;
wherein the device is capable of performing high resolution and high throughput Raman spectroscopy in the deep ultraviolet spectral region of 205 to 270 nm;
wherein the device is capable of lens speed of at least f/2;
further wherein the device is capable of achieving spectral resolution of less than 12 cm?1.

US Pat. No. 10,190,911

TARGETING SYSTEM FOR COLOR MEASUREMENT DEVICE

X-Rite, Inc., Grand Rapi...

1. A targeting system for a spectrophotometer for a targeting a sample plane, comprising:a plurality of fiber channels, comprising:
at least one measurement channel; and
at least one illumination channel;
a slit assembly comprising:
a translucent layer disposed adjacent the plurality of fiber channels,
reflective portion disposed adjacent the translucent layer; and
a slit;
wherein each fiber channel comprises a first end, the first end offset from the reflective portion of the slit assembly to allow light transfer from one fiber channel to an adjacent at least one measurement channel;
a first light source in optical communication with a second end of the at least one illumination channel; and
a second light source;
wherein the sample plane is in optical communication with a second end of the at least one measurement channel;
wherein during a targeting mode light is transmitted from the first light source, through the at least one illumination channel, reflected off the slit assembly, transmitted through the measurement channel, and onto the sample plane; and
wherein during a measurement mode, the sample plane is illuminated by the second light source in a same location as during the targeting mode, such that light reflected off the sample plane travels through the at least one measurement channel.

US Pat. No. 10,190,908

OPTICAL DEVICES AND METHODS OF MAKING SAME

Heptagon Micro Optics Pte...

1. A method of forming an optical device, the method comprising:forming a substrate comprising a front surface;
providing an optical emitter chip comprising a front surface and a rear surface, the rear surface of the optical emitter chip being disposed along the front surface of the substrate;
providing an optical sensor chip comprising a front surface and a rear surface, the rear surface of the optical sensor chip being disposed along the front surface of the substrate, the optical sensor chip further comprising at least one main sensor and at least one reference sensor on the front surface of the optical sensor chip;
forming an opaque dam on the front surface of the optical sensor chip and at least a portion of the front face of the substrate, the dam separating the main optical sensor and the reference sensor;
forming a first transparent encapsulation block encapsulating the optical emitter chip and the reference optical sensor;
forming a second transparent encapsulation block encapsulating the main optical sensor; and
forming an opaque encapsulation material encapsulating the first transparent encapsulation block and the second transparent encapsulation block, the opaque encapsulation material defining a first opening above the main optical sensor and a second opening above the optical emitter chip,
wherein the opaque encapsulation material extends between the first transparent encapsulation block and the second transparent encapsulation block and abuts the opaque dam.

US Pat. No. 10,190,907

CONVEX WARM SHIELD FOR THERMAL IMAGING DEVICE

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. A warm shield as part of a thermal imaging system, comprising:a reflecting surface comprising a convex curvature when positioned relative to an opening of a thermal imaging system, wherein thermal energy originating from the opening of the thermal imaging system that is incident on the convex curvature is reflected in a direction away from the opening of the thermal imaging system; and
an aperture formed in the reflecting surface positioned to facilitate passage therethrough of external thermal energy in a direction towards the opening of the thermal imaging system, at least some of the thermal energy originating from within the thermal imaging system in a direction away from the thermal imaging system, wherein the convex curvature of the reflecting surface is tuned to compensate for an artifact displayed in the thermal imaging system caused by thermal energy originating from a component within the thermal imaging system.

US Pat. No. 10,190,906

LIGHT SENSOR SENSING ILLUMINATION OF A PARTIAL AREA

CHICONY POWER TECHNOLOGY ...

1. A light sensor for sensing an illumination of a partial area, with the light sensor comprising:a first case comprising two holes, wherein one of the two holes is a vertical hole, another of the two holes is an oblique hole, and each of the two holes comprises an axis;
a second case fastened to the first case, wherein a containing space is formed between the first case and the second case;
a first light absorption layer located on the first case; and
two sensing modules located in the containing space; wherein positions of the two sensing modules are on the axes of the two holes, wherein the two sensing modules are respectively used for sensing a light from the partial area which passes through the vertical hole and the oblique hole to sense the illumination of the partial area.

US Pat. No. 10,190,905

OPTICAL SENSOR ARRANGEMENT WITH OPTICAL BARRIER FOR PASSING LIGHT EMITTED BY LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE AND SCATTERED ON OR ABOVE AN OUTER SURFACE OF COVER

ams AG, Unterpremstaette...

1. An optical sensor arrangement comprising an optical barrier placed between a light emitting device and a photodetector, whereinthe light emitting device and the photodetector are arranged on a first plane and are covered by a cover;
the photodetector exhibits an active zone;
the optical barrier exhibits an extent along a first principal axis parallel to the line connecting the centers of the light emitting device and the photodetector, the extent being greater than a dimension of the active zone;
the dimension of the active zone is given by a width of the active zone, that is an extent of the active zone in a direction within the first plane and perpendicular to the first principal axis;
the optical barrier is designed to block light emitted by the light emitting device that otherwise would be reflected by the cover by means of specular reflection and would reach the photodetector;
the optical barrier is designed to pass light emitted by the light emitting device and scattered on or above an outer surface (OS) of the cover; and
the optical barrier is arranged to allow for light emitted by the light emitting device and scattered on or above the outer surface of the cover to pass around the optical barrier.

US Pat. No. 10,190,904

EARHEALTH MONITORING SYSTEM AND METHOD II

Staton Techiya, LLC, Del...

1. A method, comprising:measuring sound pressure levels (SPLECM1) for a first acoustic energy received by an ear canal microphone (ECM) of an audio device during a time increment ?t, wherein measurements corresponding to SPLECM1 are free field equivalent values which are measured while the audio device remains in a position; and
calculating a SPL_Dose?t based on the SPLECM1, wherein SPL_Dose?t indicates a cumulative exposure to the SPLECM1.

US Pat. No. 10,190,903

DIGITAL FISHING NET SCALE CONFIGURED FOR INTEGRATION INTO A HOTSPOT SYSTEM

1. A digital fishing net scale for weighing a fish contained in the net, the scale comprising a hoop, a fishing net configured to contain a fish and connected to the hoop, a handle connected to the hoop and configured for holding the net during fishing and weighing, and a digital scale connected to the handle;wherein hoop, handle and their connection are configured with sufficient strength and rigidity for holding the net weighted by a fish;
wherein the scale is a digital scale that is comprised in a housing connected to the handle;
wherein the digital scale comprises computer executable code stored in non-volatile memory, a processor, a memory, a measuring component, a weighing module, a display, a storage component for data, and a communication component;
wherein the digital scale components are operably connected and are configured to perform the following steps:
measure the weight of a fish contained in the net over an amount of time;
provide one or more number value in a unit corresponding to the one or more weight measurement, or to an average thereof;
show the number value and its unit on the display;
store the number value and its unit, optional catch related data, and optional hotspot related data, at least until it is uploaded; and
upload the number value, optional related data, and optional hotspot related data via the communication component to an external data store.

US Pat. No. 10,190,902

LOW WATER SENSOR TESTING APPARATUS

1. A low water sensor testing apparatus comprising:a. a 2 piece threaded steel ball valve unit with spring return;
b. said 2 piece threaded steel ball valve unit with spring return having an internally threaded first end cavity portion, an internally threaded second cavity portion and a spring loaded ball valve handle component;
c. a first hollow main connector adapter unit;
d. said first hollow main connector adapter unit having an externally threaded first end portion and an unthreaded second end portion;
e. an E-shaped piping unit having an elongated body portion with a first through hole and a second through hole each cut within said body portion with each said through hole being bisected by one common, elongated surface axis of said body portion;
f. a first end segment and a second end segment of said elongated body portion;
g. a first stem portion of said E-shaped piping unit and having a first stem inner end segment and a first stem outer end segment;
h. a second stem portion of said E-shaped piping unit and having a second stem inner end segment and second stem outer end segment;
i. a second hollow main connector adapter unit;
j. said second hollow main connector adapter unit having an externally threaded first end portion and an unthreaded second end portion;
k. a first small hollow adapter unit with an unthreaded first end portion and an externally threaded second end portion;
l. a small ball valve unit having an internally threaded first end cavity portion and an externally threaded second end cavity portion and a ball valve handle component;
m. a second small hollow adapter unit having an unthreaded first end portion and an internally threaded second end portion;
n. a three way purge ball valve unit having an internally threaded first end cavity portion, an internally threaded second end cavity portion, a first ball valve handle component, an internally threaded third end cavity portion, an externally threaded fourth end cavity portion, an ancillary ball valve handle component, and an internally threaded fifth end cavity portion;
o. said externally threaded first end portion of said first hollow main connector adapter unit being threadably connected within said internally threaded second end cavity portion of said 2 piece threaded ball valve unit with spring return;
p. said unthreaded second end portion of said first hollow main connector adapter unit being soldered to and about said first end segment of said elongated body portion of said E-shaped piping unit;
q. said first stem inner end segment being soldered to said elongated body portion of said E-shaped piping unit at and about said first through hole cut within said body portion;
r. said first stem outer end segment being soldered to and within said unthreaded first end portion of said first small hollow adapter unit;
s. said small ball valve unit being threadably connected via said internally threaded first end cavity portion thereof to said externally threaded second end portion of said first small hollow adapter unit;
t. said second stem inner end segment being soldered to said elongated body portion of said E-shaped piping unit at and about said second through hole cut within said body portion;
u. said second stem outer end segment being soldered to and within said unthreaded first end portion of said second small hollow adapter unit;
v. said internally threaded second end portion of said second small hollow adapter unit serving to threadably hold a low water sensor unit via external threading about a body portion of said sensor unit;
w. said second end segment of said elongated body portion of said E-shaped piping unit being soldered to and within said unthreaded second end portion of said second hollow main connector adapter unit;
x. said externally threaded first end portion of said second hollow main connector adapter unit being threadably connected within said internally threaded first end cavity portion of said three way purge ball valve unit;
y. said internally threaded first end cavity portion of said 2 piece threaded steel ball valve unit with spring return being amenable to being threadably connected with the externally threaded distal end portion of initial piping connected within a hole found within a building structure's hot water boiler unit, and;
z. said internally threaded second end cavity portion of said three way purge ball valve unit being amenable to being threadably connected with the externally threaded proximal end portion of outflow piping leading to said building structure's heating system.

US Pat. No. 10,190,901

DOSE MEASUREMENT SYSTEM AND METHOD

Common Sensing Inc., Cam...

1. A method of estimating volume of liquid ejected from a drug container, the method comprising:detecting electromagnetic radiation emitted by at least two of a plurality light sources with each of a plurality of sensors, the plurality of light sources emitting electromagnetic radiation toward the drug container, the drug container including an actuator;
generating a signal signature representative of the electromagnetic radiation detected through the drug container by the plurality of sensors;
comparing the signal signature to a plurality of reference signatures to determine a displacement of a plunger portion of the actuator; and
determining the volume of the liquid ejected from the drug container based on the displacement of the plunger portion of the actuator.

US Pat. No. 10,190,900

METHOD OF FLUID FLOW MEASUREMENT USING NOZZLE BANK

Canada Pipeline Accessori...

1. A method for measuring fluid flow within a fluid flow pipe, comprising:partitioning a fluid flow within a pipeline with a nozzle bank comprising a plurality of stepped nozzles, wherein a predetermined number of stepped nozzles is open;
measuring the fluid flow in at least one partitioned fluid stream with at least one mass flow device; and
calculating a total fluid flow within the pipeline,
wherein each nozzle has a single step at about 1 throat diameter from an inlet plane of the nozzle, wherein the single step comprises an increase corresponding to about 10% of the throat diameter and has a length of about throat diameter/2.

US Pat. No. 10,190,896

ULTRASONIC FLOW SENSOR AND METHOD OF ATTACHING THE SAME

KEYENCE CORPORATION, Osa...

1. An ultrasonic flow sensor comprising:a first sensor unit including a first ultrasonic device which performs at least one of transmission of ultrasonic waves to a fluid flowing in piping or reception of ultrasonic waves from the fluid flowing in the piping;
a second sensor unit including a second ultrasonic device which performs at least the other one of transmission of ultrasonic waves to a fluid flowing in the piping or reception of ultrasonic waves from the fluid flowing in the piping;
a calculation part configured to calculate a flow rate of the fluid in the piping by obtaining a time difference between times required for ultrasonic waves to propagate from an upstream side to a downstream side and from the downstream side to the upstream side of the fluid flowing in the piping based on output signals from the first ultrasonic device and the second ultrasonic device;
a first fitting configured to accommodate the first sensor unit and fix the first sensor unit to the piping, the first fitting including a first position regulating portion configured to come into contact with an outer peripheral surface of the piping so as to align orientation of the first ultrasonic device with respect to the second ultrasonic device in an axial direction of the piping when viewing in a radial direction of the piping and a first housing portion configured to accommodate the first sensor unit from the opposite side of the piping with respect to the first position regulating portion; and
a second fitting configured to accommodate the second sensor unit and fix the second sensor unit to the piping, the second fitting including a second position regulating portion configured to come into contact with the outer peripheral surface of the piping so as to align orientation of the second ultrasonic device with respect to the first ultrasonic device in the axial direction of the piping when viewing in the radial direction of the piping, and a second housing portion configured to accommodate the second sensor unit from the opposite side of the piping with respect to the second position regulating portion,
wherein the first and second fittings further include: a pair of first and second arm portions extending from one of the first housing portion and the second housing portion to the other to regulate the relative position between the first housing portion and the second housing portion in a circumferential direction of the piping on both sides of a plane including the axial line of the piping, the first ultrasonic device, and the second ultrasonic device; and a guide portion formed at least on the arm portions and configured to guide relative positioning between the first fitting and the second fitting in the axial direction of the piping according to a diameter of the piping.

US Pat. No. 10,190,895

METHOD FOR ASSEMBLING GAS SENSOR, AND GAS SENSOR ASSEMBLY APPARATUS

NGK INSULATORS, LTD., Na...

1. A method for assembling a gas sensor, the method comprising the steps of:(a) disposing an element dummy with its longitudinal direction coinciding a vertical direction, said element dummy having, a shape similar to a shape of a sensor element including ceramic as a main constituent material and having an elongated shape;
(b) fitting through holes of annular mounting parts with said element dummy from vertically above, said annular mounting parts each having a disc shape or cylindrical shape, said through holes each having a shape corresponding, to a cross-sectional shape of said sensor element;
(c) fitting a tubular body with outer peripheries of said annular mounting parts from vertically above;
(d) abuttingly disposing said sensor element on an upper end of said element dummy such that said element dummy and said sensor element arc arranged in line with each other;
(e) moving said element dummy vertically downward to move down said sensor element and fitting said through holes of said annular mounting parts with said sensor element, to thereby obtain a workpiece including said sensor element, said annular mounting parts, and said tubular body;
(f) vertically inverting a posture of said workpiece; and
(g) pressing said annular mounting parts, wherein:
in said step b, a plurality of parts including a powder compact of ceramic are fitted with said element dummy as said annular mounting parts, and
in said step (g), with a tip of said sensor element, located as a lowermost end of said workpiece after said step (f), being in contact with a sealing assist jig, said part located at an uppermost position among said annular mourning parts is pressed vertically downward to compress said powder compact, to thereby seal an inside of said tubular body, said sealing assist jig having a buffer performance against an impact exerted from vertically above.

US Pat. No. 10,190,894

TECHNOLOGIES FOR CONTROLLING DEGRADATION OF SENSING CIRCUITS

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A sensor mote for performing a sensor function, the sensor mote comprising:a housing, wherein at least a portion of the housing is biodegradable;
at least one sensor located in the housing to produce sensor data indicative of a sensed stimulus;
a controller located in the housing to receive the sensor data and control operations of the sensor mote,
wherein the controller is to detect a trigger event and initiate degradation of the portion of the housing in response to detection of the trigger event; and
a communication subsystem to transmit a trigger signal to an another sensor mote in response to detection of the trigger event.

US Pat. No. 10,190,893

ENCODER

MITUTOYO CORPORATION, Ka...

1. An encoder comprising:a scale having a plurality of pattern areas having a plurality of patterns arranged in a measurement direction with an equal predetermined pitch and including at least one pattern area disposed with an offset, in the measurement direction, from a neighboring pattern area by 1/(2×s) of the predetermined pitch (wherein “s” is an integer of 1 or greater), the plurality of patterns comprising at least first and second patterns, each of which comprises a plurality of spaced pattern elements, that are linearly arranged in the measurement direction;
a detection head configured to be relatively movable in the measurement direction with respect to the scale, and detect interference fringes caused by positive s-th-order diffracted beams and negative s-th-order diffracted beams diffracted by the scale, and output a detection result; and
a signal processor configured to detect a reference position based on a position where light intensity is lower than a predetermined value which appears in a light intensity distribution of the interference fringes, and detect incremental positions based on the interference fringes which appear at positions other than the position where light intensity is lower than the predetermined value,
wherein, the detection head includes:
a light source configured to radiate beams onto the scale;
a detecting unit, arranged in parallel with the scale, having a plurality of light receiving devices aligned along the measurement direction to obtain the light intensity distribution, and configured to output the detection result of the beams radiated onto the plurality of light receiving devices, to the signal processor; and
an optical system disposed between the scale and the detecting unit, and configured to image positive s-th-order diffracted beams and negative s-th-order diffracted beams generated when the beams are radiated onto the scale, on the detecting unit.

US Pat. No. 10,190,892

ENCODER

MITUTOYO CORPORATION, Ka...

1. An encoder comprising:a scale having a reference mark and having an incremental pattern;
a detection head configured to be relatively movable in a measurement direction with respect to the scale, and to detect a light intensity distribution of diffracted beams, when beams radiated onto the scale are diffracted by the reference mark and to output a detection result, the detection head including a light receiver, the light receiver being positioned so as to be able to detect diffracted beams other than a zeroth-order diffracted beam of light that passed through the reference mark; and
a signal processor configured to detect a reference position based on a position in the light intensity distribution where light intensity is lower than a predetermined value,
wherein the reference mark comprises a plurality of pattern areas arranged sequentially in the measurement direction and having a plurality of patterns each having a predetermined equal pitch in the measurement direction, each of the patterns comprising spaced pattern elements with the spaces between the pattern elements being devoid of pattern elements and
at least one pattern area of the plurality of pattern areas is disposed with an offset, in the measurement direction, with respect to a neighboring pattern area.

US Pat. No. 10,190,891

OPTICAL ENCODER FOR DETECTING ROTATIONAL AND AXIAL MOVEMENT

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An optical encoder for an electronic device, the optical encoder comprising:an elongated shaft;
a crown attached to a first end of the elongated shaft;
a set of surface forms disposed on the shaft, the set of surface forms created as a byproduct of forming the shaft;
an optical sensor comprising a light emitter configured to emit light towards the set of surface forms;
a plurality of photodiodes arranged in an array and configured to receive diffusively reflected light from the set of surface forms; and
a processor operably connected to the plurality of photodiodes;
wherein:
a rotational movement of the elongated shaft changes the diffusely reflected light;
a translational movement of the elongated shaft changes the diffusely reflected light;
changes in the diffusely reflected light produce changes in an output of the plurality of photodiodes;
the processor is configured to analyze changes in the output of the plurality of photodiodes and determine a direction of rotation of the elongated shaft when the elongated shaft is rotated;
the processor is configured to analyze changes in the output of the plurality of photodiodes and determine a direction of translation of the elongated shaft when the elongated shaft is translated; and
the processor is configured to analyze changes in the output of the plurality of photodiodes and determine the direction of rotation and the direction of translation when the elongated shaft is rotated and translated.

US Pat. No. 10,190,890

CAPACITANCE-TO-VOLTAGE CONVERSION CIRCUIT

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A capacitance-to-voltage conversion circuit comprising:a variable capacitance element having a capacitance value that depends on a physical quantity applied to the variable capacitance element;
an integration circuit that outputs a voltage by integrating electric charges generated by the variable capacitance element;
a first sample and hold circuit that samples and holds the voltage output from the integration circuit; and
a second sample and hold circuit that simultaneously samples and holds the voltage in synchronism with the first sample and hold circuit during at least an initial sampling period of the first sample and hold circuit,
wherein the second sample and hold circuit further samples the voltage at a rear-end period in a subsequent sampling period of the first sample and hold circuit after the initial sampling period.

US Pat. No. 10,190,888

SURGICAL STAPLING INSTRUMENTS WITH LINEAR POSITION ASSEMBLY

Covidien LP, Mansfield, ...

1. A surgical stapling instrument, comprising:an elongate body having a proximal end and a distal end, the elongate body including a longitudinally translatable central shaft;
a cartridge assembly coupled to the distal end of the elongate body and defining a longitudinal axis, the cartridge assembly including a staple cartridge;
an anvil assembly selectively connectable to a distal end of the central shaft; and
a linear position assembly including:
a pair of opposing magnets mounted to the central shaft, wherein each magnet generates a magnetic field, the pair of opposing magnets each having a north pole and a south pole and being oriented such that the north poles of the pair of opposing magnets are adjacent one another or the south poles of the pair of opposing magnets are adjacent one another; and
a plurality of sensors fixed within the cartridge assembly and configured to sense a change in the magnetic fields upon a longitudinal movement of the pair of opposing magnets in response to an actuation of the central shaft to determine a linear position of the anvil assembly along the longitudinal axis relative to the staple cartridge.

US Pat. No. 10,190,887

MOBILE ELECTRONIC DEVICE, INFORMATION PROVISION METHOD, INFORMATION PROVISION CODE, AND INFORMATION PROVISION SYSTEM

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. A mobile electronic device comprising:a storage configured to store a plurality of items of information including a first item of information and a second item of information;
a display configured to display the first item of information and the second item of information; and
a controller configured to
cause the display to display a screen,
in response to that a movement state of the mobile electronic device is determined to be a first movement state,
cause the display to maintain displaying the screen and to start displaying an item based on the first item of information in accordance with the first movement state among the plurality of items of information at a first position on the screen, and
in response to that a movement state of the mobile electronic device is determined to be a second movement state,
cause the display to maintain displaying the screen and to start displaying, instead of the item based on the first item of information, an item based on the second item of information in accordance with the second movement state among the plurality of items of information at the first position on the screen.

US Pat. No. 10,190,886

NETWORK SYSTEM TO DETERMINE A ROUTE BASED ON TIMING DATA

Uber Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A network system comprising:one or more processors; and
one or more memory resources storing instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the network system to:
receive, over one or more networks from a user device of a user, a first set of data corresponding to a query related to a service and including data regarding a service location;
in response to receiving the first set of data, access a database to identify available items for selection by the user in association with the service, the available items being provided by a plurality of entities, each of the plurality of entities providing different sets of available items;
receive, over the one or more networks from the user device, a second set of data corresponding to a request for service and that identifies a set of items selected by the user from the available items, the set of items being provided by two or more selected entities of the plurality of entities;
in response to receiving the second set of data, select a service provider from a plurality of service providers to provide the service; and
determine a route of navigation for the service provider based at least in part on a current location of the service provider, mapping information accessed from a map database, and respective timing information associated with each item of the set of selected items.

US Pat. No. 10,190,885

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING SERVICE USING A SENSOR AND IMAGE RECOGNITION IN A PORTABLE TERMINAL

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a camera;
a display;
a storage storing instructions; and
a processor configured to execute the instructions to at least:
obtain real-time images from the camera,
identify an object within the obtained real-time images,
display an augmented reality (AR) graphical object related to the identified object on the display while obtaining the real-time images,
based on an input corresponding to a capture event, generate a first image by combining the AR graphical object and one of the obtained real-time images only while displaying the AR graphical object on the display,
store the generated first image in the storage, and
display the generated first image stored in the storage on the display in response to executing an application related to the generated first image including the AR graphical object.