US Pat. No. 11,029,256

APPARATUS FOR MEASURING WAFER

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An apparatus for measuring a wafer, comprising:a stage;
a chuck disposed on the stage and comprising a plate connected with the stage, a horizontal frame configured to support a wafer, and a vertical frame connecting the plate and the horizontal frame;
first to third adsorption portions connected with the horizontal frame and configured to adsorb the wafer;
a support bar penetrating through the chuck and extending in a first direction;
a beam irradiator connected to the support bar and disposed between the plate and the horizontal frame, the beam irradiator being configured to irradiate a beam on the wafer; and
a detector on an opposite side of the horizontal frame from the beam irradiator and configured to receive the beam after it has penetrated through the wafer.

US Pat. No. 11,029,255

DEFECT INSPECTION DEVICE, DEFECT INSPECTION METHOD, AND PROGRAM

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A defect inspection device comprising:at least one processor configured to operate as:
an image acquisition unit that acquires a received light image created on the basis of transmitted light from an inspection object which is obtained by irradiating the inspection object with radiation;
an image processing unit that extracts a defect candidate image that is an image corresponding to a defect candidate of the inspection object from the received light image through image processing;
a storage unit, including a memory, that stores at least one of a defect image corresponding to a defect of the inspection object extracted in the past or information indicating a feature of the defect image, and classification information including a classification result indicating a classification of the defect of the defect image;
a defect candidate classification unit that assigns a defect classification to the extracted defect candidate image on the basis of the classification information stored in the storage unit;
a display unit that displays the received light image;
a manipulation unit that receives selection of a display or a non-display of an auxiliary indication indicating a position of the defect candidate image and the classification of the defect candidate image on the display unit based on a wall thickness of the inspection object where the defect candidate exists, a size of the defect candidate or the classification of the defect candidate, and outputs a command for the selected display or non-display of the auxiliary indication; and
a display control unit that performs a display or a non-display of the auxiliary indication on the display unit on the basis of the command output from the manipulation unit.

US Pat. No. 11,029,254

WELDING MONITORING SYSTEM AND WELDING MONITORING METHOD

HITACHI, LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A welding monitoring method for monitoring a subject, comprising:imaging the subject before, during, and after welding, wherein before welding the subject is transported and attached to a subject holder comprising a first support and a second support configured to hold the welding subject in place during imaging, and wherein after welding the subject is detached and transported from the subject holder,
wherein the imaging is performed by a camera including a light receiving surface to which a relative position with respect to the first support is fixed during imaging, a first mirror to which the relative position with respect to the first support is fixed during imaging, and a second mirror to which a relative position with respect to the second support is fixed during imaging, and wherein the first mirror and the second mirror are disposed such that the subject remains in an imaging viewing field of the camera during imaging,
wherein the second support moves the subject toward a position determined in advance in the first support, and images the subject in a state where the subject is in contact with both of the first support and the second support during imaging, and
wherein the imaging comprises adjusting an optical path using an optical path length adjustment portion for focusing, the optical path length adjustment portion being configured of the first and second mirrors on an optical path to the light receiving surface from the subject, the optical path length adjustment portion being formed of transparent material having a refractive index is equal to or greater than 1;
extracting predetermined characteristics from each piece of imaging data;
determining the presence or absence of abnormality by comparing the extracted characteristics and normal characteristics to each other; and
notifying a managing system or a manager of the determined result.

US Pat. No. 11,029,253

COMPUTERIZED METHOD FOR CONFIGURING AN INSPECTION SYSTEM, COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT AND AN INSPECTION SYSTEM

APPLIED MATERIALS ISRAEL ...

1. An inspection system that comprises:an image acquisition module that comprises illumination optics and collection optics;
a polarization controller; and
a processor;
wherein the image acquisition module is arranged to acquire a group of first images, each image of the group of first images capturing a same portion of an object segment;
wherein different first images of the group of first images are acquired while the illumination optics and the collection optics are configured with different combinations of first illumination polarization states and first collection polarization states that belong to a first group of polarization configurations;
wherein the processor is arranged to:
determine a plurality of polarization parameters of each pixel in each image of the group of first images;
calculate, based on the plurality of polarization parameters, a group of second images of the object segment, wherein the group of second images represent a second group of polarization configurations comprising combinations of second illumination polarization states and second collection polarization states, wherein at least some of the second illumination polarization states are different from the first illumination polarization states, and wherein a number of different polarization configurations of the second group of polarization configurations is bigger than a number of different polarization configurations included in the first group of polarization configurations;
compute a second image attribute for each second image of the group of second images thereby providing multiple second image attributes; and
select, out of the group of second images, a selected second image based on at least some of the multiple second image attributes;
wherein the polarization controller is arranged to configure the inspection system according to a polarization configuration that is associated with the selected second image.

US Pat. No. 11,029,252

GEMSTONE PROFILING

Sahajanand Technologies P...

1. A gemstone profiling system comprising:a holder for holding a gemstone, the gemstone having a reference mark, wherein the holder is rotatable about a central axis coinciding with a center of the gemstone in a mounted position;
an actuator coupled to the holder to rotate the holder;
a non-contact measuring unit fixed with respect to the holder, wherein the non-contact measuring unit is to determine a distance between a center of rotation of the gemstone and a surface of the gemstone; and
a controller to,
operate the actuator to rotate the gemstone through a plurality of orientations;
receive the distance between a center of rotation of the gemstone and a surface of the gemstone in each of the plurality of orientations of the gemstone; and
generate a profile of the gemstone based on the received distance in the plurality of orientations, wherein the gemstone is processed based on the profile.

US Pat. No. 11,029,251

METHOD FOR ESTIMATING ABOVEGROUND BIOMASS OF RICE BASED ON MULTI-SPECTRAL IMAGES OF UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE

NANJING AGRICULTURAL UNIV...

1. A method for estimating the aboveground biomass of rice based on multi-spectral images of an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), comprising:step 1: collecting rice canopy multi-spectral image data by a UAV, and randomly and destructively sampling rice plants to obtain rice plant samples;
step 2: preprocessing the rice canopy multi-spectral image data, specifically comprising the steps of removing noise, correcting halation, correcting lens distortion and correcting radiation to obtain reflectivity data of a rice canopy multi-spectral image;
step 3: performing data processing on the rice canopy multi-spectral image reflectivity data, specifically comprising the steps of extracting reflectivity, calculating texture feature parameters, calculating a vegetation index and calculating a texture index, and simultaneously measuring biomass data of the rice plant samples;
step 3-1: extracting reflectivity of each region according to the region of interest (ROI), where the region is defined as an area of 5 m×6 m;
step 3-2: calculating the vegetation index correlated to biomass estimation according to the reflectivity in step 3-1;
step 3-3: calculating 8 texture feature parameters based on a gray-level co-occurrence matrix on a reflectivity image;
step 3-4: constructing a normalized difference texture index NDTI(T1,T2), NDTI(T1, T2)=(T1?T2)/(T1+T2) according to a single texture feature parameter, where T1 and T2 are respectively a certain texture feature parameter at an arbitrary band; the single texture feature parameter is one of the 8 texture feature parameters based on the gray-level co-occurrence matrix, and a certain texture feature parameter is one of the 8 texture feature parameters based on the gray-levell co-occurrence matrix;
step 3-5: rooting and washing the rice plant samples, performing fixation and drying in an oven, and weighing the rice plant samples to obtain the aboveground biomass data of the rice plant samples;
step 4: performing a correlation analysis on a spectral index, the single texture feature parameter, the texture index and the aboveground biomass, where the spectral index is one of the vegetation indices calculated according to the reflectivity in step 3-2; at the same time, performing a stepwise multiple linear regression analysis by using a data analysis software SPSS and combining the spectral index and the texture index to obtain a rice biomass estimation model, and calculating a coefficient of determination R2; and evaluating performance of different regression analysis models on rice biomass estimation by comparing R2;
step 5: according to field test data, verifying accuracy of the rice biomass estimation model by a cross-validation method, and calculating a relative root mean square error (RMSE):

where Pi, and Oi, are predicted and measured values of the ith sample respectively, and n is a total number of samples; and
step 6: by comparing the RMSE of different estimation models, obtaining an optimal rice aboveground biomass estimation model:
AGB (t ha?1)=e(4.179×NDTI(Mean800, Mean550)?2.559×NDTI(Mean800, Mean720)+1.924×MTVI2?0.644)
where t ha?1 is a biomass unit, NDTI (Mean800, Mean55o) is a normalized difference texture index constructed by Mean texture feature parameters at an 800 nm band and a 550 nm band, NDTI (Mean800, Mean720) is a normalized difference texture index constructed by the Mean texture feature parameters at the 800 nm and 720 nm bands, MTVI2 is a modified triangular vegetation index, and AGB is the aboveground biomass of rice.

US Pat. No. 11,029,250

WELLSITE KEROGEN MATURITY DETERMINATION UTILIZING RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY

Schlumberger Technology C...

1. A method for determining the maturity of a formation sample, comprising:cleaning the formation sample to remove residues of drilling fluid and reservoir fluid to obtain a cleaned sample;
performing Raman spectroscopic measurements on the cleaned sample to obtain a Raman spectrum for the sample;
fitting at least a G (graphite) peak and a D1 (defect) peak to the Raman spectrum to obtain Raman shift values for the G peak and the D1 peak and a Raman band separation (RBS) value;
using the RBS to generate a vitrinite reflectance equivalent (VRe) value using a relationship correlating RBS to VRe; and
displaying the VRe as an indicator of formation sample maturity for a depth in the formation from which the sample was obtained.

US Pat. No. 11,029,249

SAMPLE DETECTION DEVICE

University Court of the U...

1. An apparatus comprising a one-piece cartridge, the cartridge comprising:a specimen chamber for receiving a sample;
a first detection chamber for receiving microorganisms and configured to allow detection of the microorganisms via detection of scattered light from the first detection chamber;
a medium comprising a semipermeable membrane configured to permit passage of the microorganisms from the sample through the medium into the first detection chamber;
wherein the specimen chamber and the first detection chamber form separate chambers, the one-piece cartridge having walls defining the specimen chamber and the first detection chamber, respectively; and
at least one second detection chamber configured to allow detection of the microorganisms via detection of scattered light from the at least one second detection chamber, wherein the at least one second detection chamber contains a substance potentially capable of inhibiting growth of the microorganisms, the substance comprising an antibiotic in freeze-dried form.

US Pat. No. 11,029,248

DETERMINING A CONTAMINATION LEVEL OF A FLUID SAMPLE

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A method of a system comprising a processor, comprising:receiving optical densities of a fluid sample at a plurality of wavelengths, the fluid sample comprising a target fluid and a contaminant;
computing an optical density of the contaminant;
determining a correlation factor based on a relationship between target fluid optical densities at multiple wavelengths;
computing an optical density of the target fluid using the received optical densities of the fluid sample at the plurality of wavelengths and the correlation factor; and
determining, based on the computed optical density of the contaminant and the computed optical density of the target fluid, a level of contamination by the contaminant in the fluid sample;
wherein the relationship is between differences between optical densities of the target fluid at a first pair of wavelengths and differences between optical densities of the target fluid at a second pair of wavelengths where at least one of the wavelengths in one pair of the first and second pairs of wavelengths is not present in the other pair of the first and second pairs of wavelengths.

US Pat. No. 11,029,247

INFRARED CIE METHODOLOGY FOR CHEMICAL GROUP CLASSIFICATION

The Government of the Uni...

1. An apparatus comprising:a light source in operation illuminating at least one chemical of interest, and
at least three optical bandpass filters with spectral overlap sufficient to generate a chromaticity chart, said at least three optical bandpass filters in operation receiving light at least one of reflected from and transmitted through the chemical of interest the chemical of interest comprising a plurality of chemical vibrational absorption-emission bands, said at least three optical bandpass filters comprising at least three respective spectral responses, the plurality of stimulus-value signals being based on the at least three respective spectral responses and the plurality of chemical vibrational absorption-emission bands;
a processor in operation receiving a plurality of stimulus-value signals;
at least one electromagnetic receiver in operation communicating with said at least three bandpass filters and said processor, said at least three optical bandpass filters transmitting the plurality of stimulus-value signals to said at least one electromagnetic receiver, said at least one electromagnetic receiver transmitting the plurality of stimulus-value signals to said processor; and
a non-transitory computer-readable medium storing instructions that, when executed by said processor, cause said processor to carry out a method for identifying the at least one chemical of interest, the method comprising:
generating the chromaticity chart comprising a plurality of chemical groupings;
classifying the at least one chemical of interest as belonging to a respective chemical grouping of the plurality of chemical groupings based on the chromaticity chart and the plurality of stimulus-value signals,
wherein said generating a chromaticity chart comprises:
providing at least three vibrational-color-matching functions, the at least three vibrational-color-matching functions comprising at least three respective weighted linear transforms of the plurality of stimulus-value signals; and
generating the plurality of chemical groupings based on the at least three vibrational-color-matching functions.

US Pat. No. 11,029,246

COLORIMETRIC DETECTION OF SHALE INHIBITORS AND/OR SALTS

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method of detecting a salt content of a wellbore servicing fluid (WSF) of a wellbore servicing fluid system as described herein, the method comprising:(a) determining a water salinity of a wellbore servicing fluid;
(b) dosing an aliquot of the wellbore servicing fluid into a container;
(c) combining the aliquot of the wellbore servicing fluid with a detector compound specific to the salt and mixing to provide a detection solution in the container, wherein the detection solution is characterized by at least one absorption peak wavelength in the range of from about 380 nanometers (nm) to about 760 nm;
(d) measuring the salt content of the detection solution using colorimetry by detecting an absorption intensity for the detection solution at a wavelength within about ±20% of the at least one absorption peak wavelength, comparing the absorption intensity of the detection solution at the wavelength within about ±20% of the at least one absorption peak wavelength with a target absorption intensity to determine the amount of salt in the WSF, and comparing the amount of salt in the WSF with a target amount of the salt;
(e) reporting the data from the measuring at (d) to a computer control system;
(f) determining a wellbore servicing fluid treatment based on the salt content and/or a content of shale inhibitors; and
(g) subjecting the wellbore servicing fluid of the wellbore servicing fluid system to the treatment.

US Pat. No. 11,029,245

FLUID FLOW CELL INCLUDING A SPHERICAL LENS

MarqMetrix, Inc., Seattl...

1. A system comprising:a flow cell device having defined therein a fluid path, the flow cell device comprising:
an input connection for receiving a fluid into the fluid path;
an output connection for egress of the fluid from the fluid path; and
a sensor to provide data indicative of a flow rate of the fluid;
a spherical lens coupled to the flow cell device, defining a portion of a boundary of the fluid path, and providing optical access to an analysis region of the fluid path; and
an optical analysis device connector providing a connection of the system to an optical analysis device that employs the optical access to the analysis region via the spherical lens to optically interrogate at least a portion of the fluid that passes through the analysis region.

US Pat. No. 11,029,244

ELECTROCHEMICAL ZRA TEST CELLS FOR DETERMINATION OF GALVANIC CORROSION RATES IN ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENTS

The Government of the Uni...

1. A zero resistance ammeter (ZRA) galvanic atmospheric corrosion kinetics (GACK) detection instrument, comprising:an anode;
a cathode;
an electrolyte provided at the anode;
an electrolyte provided at the cathode;
wherein the electrolyte at the anode and the electrolyte at the cathode are provided as droplets or thin films;
a salt bridge electrolytically-connecting the electrolyte at the anode with the electrolyte at the cathode; and
a ZRA electrically-connecting the anode and the cathode.

US Pat. No. 11,029,243

COMPACT DETECTION MODULE FOR FLOW CYTOMETERS

Cytek Biosciences, Inc., ...

1. A flow cytometer comprising:a light detection module including
a first image array having
a transparent block,
a plurality of micro-mirrors in a row coupled to a first side of the transparent block, and
a plurality of filters in a row coupled to a second side of the transparent block opposite the first side,
wherein each of the plurality of filters reflects light to one of the plurality of micro-mirrors and passes light of a differing wavelength range and each of the plurality of micro-mirrors reflects light to one of the plurality of filters, such that incident light into the image array zigzags back and forth between consecutive filters of the plurality of filters and consecutive micro-mirrors of the plurality of micro-mirrors,
wherein a radius of curvature of each of the plurality of micro-mirrors directs light onto even filters and reimages light onto odd filters of the plurality of filters along the row;
and;
a first plurality of detector channels in a row forming a first detector chain adjacent the first image array, the first plurality of detector channels respectively in light communication with the plurality of filters of the first image array, wherein each detector channel includes a focusing lens, and a photo detector.

US Pat. No. 11,029,242

INDEX SORTING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

BECTON, DICKINSON AND COM...

1. A computer-implemented method of fused gating for index sorting, the method comprising:under control of one or more electronic processors:
receiving, at a workstation from a memory, experiment information identifying:
(i) a first sort gate,
(ii) a first plate destination for particles identified within the first sort gate on a collection plate,
(iii) a second sort gate, and
(iv) a second plate destination for particles identified within the second sort gate on the collection plate;
generating, at the workstation, a first index sort inclusion bitmap identifying first plate locations on the collection plate using the first sort gate;
generating, at the workstation, a second index sort inclusion bitmap identifying second plate locations on the collection plate using the second sort gate;
receiving, at the workstation, event data for the particles, the event data including for each particle a fluorescent parameter value and a sort decision of a sorting device;
determining, via the workstation, that an individual fluorescent parameter value for an individual particle included in the particles is within the first sort gate;
associating the individual particle with the first sort gate for presentation via a user interface;
determining, via the workstation, that an individual sort decision for the individual particle corresponds to the second sort gate based at least in part on a comparison between the individual sort decision and the second index sort inclusion bitmap; and
associating the individual particle with the second sort gate for presentation via the user interface.

US Pat. No. 11,029,241

ENHANCED DETECTION THROUGH PARSING RECORDS INTO SIGNAL COMPONENTS

Artium Technologies, Inc....

1. A method to enhance detection of particles, comprising:a) receiving a time varying signal generated from a light scattered from one or more particles that forms an interference fringe pattern, wherein the time varying signal is a contiguous signal;
b) partitioning the time varying signal into a plurality of timing segments comprising a first timing segment and a second timing segment;
c) determining a plurality of parameters from the plurality of timing segments, wherein the plurality of parameters comprise at least one of a frequency and a phase;
d) determining a change in the at least one of the frequency and the phase between the first timing segment and the second timing segment;
e) identifying the first timing segment and the second timing segment as being associated with a single particle, when the change is not greater than a threshold;
f) identifying the first timing segment as a first individual particle signal component produced by a first particle and identifying the second timing segment as a second individual particle signal component produced by a second particle, when the change in the at least one of the frequency and the phase is greater than the threshold when a sample volume has a plurality of particles including the first particle and the second particle within a time duration to mitigate at least one of a particle size measurement error and a particle velocity measurement error and a false counting of particles under coincident events; and
g) adjusting the plurality of timing segments, wherein the partitioning and determining operations are repeated iteratively for the adjusted segments until at least the first individual particle signal component and the second individual particle signal component are identified, wherein operations a), b), c), d), e), f), and g) are performed by a processor.

US Pat. No. 11,029,240

WICK MOISTURE SENSOR FOR AIRBORNE PARTICLE CONDENSATIONAL GROWTH SYSTEMS

Aerosol Dynamics Inc., B...

1. A wick liquid sensor in a particle condensation system, comprising:a particle growth tube of the particle condensation system containing a wick, the wick comprised of a microporous material which reflects light when dry and becomes translucent as pores in the wick fill with liquid;
a light source configured to illuminate a surface of the wick in the growth tube; and
a detector configured to detect an intensity of light which is reflected by the wick and determine the intensity of reflected light;
the detector is configured to measure an amount of liquid in the wick is based on the intensity of the wick reflected light.

US Pat. No. 11,029,239

TEST APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TESTING DUST SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS

Fuchs Petrolub SE, Mannh...

1. Test apparatus (1) for testing a dust suppression system, said test apparatus (1) comprising a housing (100) withtwo chambers (101,102) being separated from each other by a window (103) which comprises at least one transfer vent (104), wherein
particle counting means (110,120) are detachably mounted to at least one of said two chambers (101,102),
and wherein
a first chamber (101) of said two chambers (101,102) comprises a door (121) and is equipped with supply means for supplying the first chamber (101) with particulate free air, and wherein the first chamber (101) is configured to receive a dust-comprising test object, wherein the dust-comprising test object is provided with the dust suppression system to be tested, and wherein
a second chamber (102) of said two chambers (101,102) is equipped with exit means for releasing air from the second chamber (102);
wherein the at least one transfer vent (104) is a rotating air vent (104).

US Pat. No. 11,029,238

DEVICE FOR VISCOSITY DETERMINATION IN LIQUIDS

VISCGO LIMITED

1. A fluid viscosity determining device for determining the correct viscosity of a fluid, comprising an elongate member which remains in an upright position when placed in a fluid having at least the desired viscosity and which is unable to remain in an upright position if a fluid has less than the desired viscosity, wherein the elongate member comprises an upper portion and a lower portion and wherein the lower portion is adapted to be placed in the fluid and the upper portion is adapted to be manipulated by an individual, wherein the device can be adjusted to select different desired viscosities, and wherein the device further comprises a weighted element which can be moved about the upper portion so as to adjust the viscosity at which it is able to remain in an upright position, wherein the device further comprises markings indicative of adjustments which can be made which represent different desired viscosities.

US Pat. No. 11,029,237

SYSTEMATIC DEVICE FOR ABYSSAL SEDIMENT PRESSURE-HOLDING TRANSFER

Zhejiang University, Han...

1. A sediment pressure-holding transfer device, comprising:—a sediment fidelity sampler; wherein the sediment pressure-holding transfer device uses a vacuum pump to discharge a gas in the device, uses a high-pressure pump as a power source to perform a pressurization process, uses gravity of a sample to perform a first transfer, and uses a high-pressure impurity pump and a safety valve to perform a second transfer of a sample mixture, in its structure, a high-pressure-resistant and corrosion-resistant material is used as a main material of the device, the device comprises a mechanical system and a hydraulic system, the mechanical system is used as a main frame of the device and is a basis for ensuring operation of the device; the hydraulic system is used as a core of the device; the mechanical system and the hydraulic system cooperate together to ensure that a sediment sample is smoothly transferred from a sediment sampling cylinder to a culture kettle,the sediment fidelity sampler has a volume of ?150 ml and a height of ?100 mm, and is connected with the pressure-holding transfer device by using a ball valve thread interface;
the gas to be discharged refers to air present in a container, and a purpose is to ensure that the sample is not contaminated by other substances in the air during a transfer process, and another purpose is to avoid a danger caused by a poor compression ratio of the gas during the pressurization process; and
the pressurization process refers to a continuous filling of a high-pressure liquid into a corresponding container through a high-pressure pump so that a pressure of the container equals to an in-situ pressure of a seabed sample.

US Pat. No. 11,029,236

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CHECKING TYRES

PIRELLI TYRE S.p.A., Mil...

1. A method for checking a tyre, the method comprising:providing a tyre to be checked;
illuminating a first surface portion of said tyre arranged at or close to a focal plane of a detection system with a first light radiation emitted by a first light source;
acquiring, through said detection system, a first image of said first surface portion illuminated by said first light radiation;
moving a second light source and a third light source from a first inactive configuration where they are controlled to not emit light radiation and wherein the distance of said second light source and of said third light source from said focal plane is greater than the distance of said first light source from said focal plane to an active configuration wherein said second light source and said third light source are adapted for emitting at least one of a second light radiation and a third light radiation, respectively and wherein the distance of said second light source and of said third light source from said focal plane is equal to or less than the distance of said first light source from said focal plane;
illuminating a second surface portion of said tyre arranged at or close to said focal plane with at least one among said first light radiation, said second light radiation and said third light radiation; and
acquiring, through said detection system, at least one corresponding second image of said second surface portion.

US Pat. No. 11,029,235

PRECISION MOTION MECHANISM FOR EXAMINING TIRE PERFORMANCE UNDER PRECISE DISPLACEMENT OR SLOW RATE CONDITIONS

Link Engineering Company,...

1. A tire testing assembly adapted to provide precise displacements and simulate slow rate conditions, the tire testing assembly comprising:a support structure adapted to be coupled to a tire under test;
a ground plane adapted to contact the tire under test and simulate a ground or road surface; and
a lateral translation mechanism movably coupled between the support structure and the tire under test and adapted to translate the tire under test laterally relative to the ground plane.

US Pat. No. 11,029,234

METHOD FOR TESTING INTERACTION POINTS OF VEHICLE COMPONENTS BY MEANS OF A VEHICLE TEST APPARATUS AND SUCH TEST APPARATUS

VOLVO TRUCK CORPORATION, ...

1. A method for testing behaviour of interaction points of vehicle components by a vehicle test apparatus comprising a test apparatus control unit, a vehicle wheel support movable in a horizontal plane, and a monitor, the vehicle wheel support and the monitor controllable by the test apparatus control unit, the method comprises:identifying, at the test apparatus control unit, vehicle model and interaction point to be tested, the interaction point comprising a bushing or joint arranged between interacting vehicle components;
providing, to the test apparatus control unit, a set of testing sequences, each testing sequence defining a sequence of movements of the vehicle wheel support and further defining direction of respective movement, force applied in respective direction of movement and length of stroke of respective movement, wherein each of the testing sequences is configured to expose a specific bushing or joint, and/or the linkage of that bushing or joint, to loads or forces defined in direction, magnitude and length of stroke which are sufficient for revealing a play due to wear at that specific bushing or joint; and
selecting, by the test apparatus control unit, a specific testing sequence based on the identified vehicle model and interaction point to be tested;
controlling, by the test apparatus control unit, movement of the vehicle wheel support in at least a first direction in the horizontal plane according to the selected specific testing sequence,
monitoring, by the test apparatus control unit, behaviour of the bearing or joint to be tested by the monitor, and
collecting, by the test apparatus control unit, measurement data from the monitor.

US Pat. No. 11,029,233

INPUT/OUTPUT CHARACTERISTIC ESTIMATION METHOD FOR DRIVETRAIN TESTING SYSTEM

Meidensha Corporation, T...

1. An input/output characteristic estimation method for a testing system, the testing system including: a test piece including a first shaft, and a second shaft and a third shaft connected to the first shaft so as to be able to transmit power;a second electric motor linked to the second shaft;
a third electric motor linked to the third shaft;
a second state detection unit for detecting a state of the second shaft or the second electric motor and generating a second state detection signal;
a third state detection unit for detecting a state of the third shaft or the third electric motor and generating a third state detection signal;
a speed control device which generates a second torque control input to the second electric motor for controlling a rotation speed of the second electric motor and a third torque control input to the third electric motor for controlling a rotation speed of the third electric motor on the basis of a predetermined input signal; and
an excitation input generator for generating an excitation input changing at a predetermined frequency, the input/output characteristic estimation method comprising:
inputting, to the second electric motor as a second input, the second torque control input on which the excitation input is superimposed, also inputting the third torque control input to the third electric motor as a third input, and measuring a response to the excitation input as a first excitation response;
inputting the second torque control input to the second electric motor as a second input, also inputting, to the third electric motor as a third input, the third torque control input on which the excitation input is superimposed, and measuring a response to the excitation input as a second excitation response; and
estimating a transfer function from the second or third input to the second or third state detection signal by using the first excitation response and the second response.

US Pat. No. 11,029,232

OPTICAL TIME DOMAIN REFLECTOMETER AND TESTING METHOD OF OPTICAL TIME DOMAIN REFLECTOMETER

ANRITSU CORPORATION, Kan...

1. An optical time domain reflectometer comprising:a pulse width setting unit that sets a pulse width of an optical pulse;
a light source that generates an optical pulse with the pulse width set by the pulse width setting unit;
an optical receiver that detects a backscattered light level obtained by scattering of the optical pulse output from the light source in a measurement target optical fiber;
a storage unit that stores in advance a fourth backscattered light level (PZ(W2)) obtained by adding a difference (?PR) between a second backscattered light level (PR(W1)) at a predetermined reference distance (DR) which is measured using a predetermined first pulse width (W1) and a third backscattered light level (PR(W2)) at the predetermined reference distance (DR) which is measured using a second pulse width (W2) larger than the first pulse width to a first backscattered light level (PZ(W1)) at a connection point (DD) to the measurement target optical fiber to be connected which is measured using the first pulse width so as to be associated with the second pulse width before a test; and
an arithmetic processing unit that reads the fourth backscattered light level (PZ(W2)) at the second pulse width corresponding to a pulse width of an optical pulse output from the light source to the measurement target optical fiber for the test from the storage unit and calculates a transmission loss (LT) in the measurement target optical fiber using the fourth backscattered light level (PZ(W2)).

US Pat. No. 11,029,231

ASSESSING DEVICE, ASSESSING SYSTEM, ASSESSING METHOD, AND COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. An assessing device comprising:a dominant frequency identifying unit identifying a dominant frequency of a vibration at each of a plurality of spots in a structure, based on information indicating the vibration at each of the plurality of spots;
a phase difference identifying unit identifying a phase difference at the dominant frequency between the vibrations at two spots included in the plurality of spots, based on the dominant frequency and the information indicating the vibrations; and
an assessing unit assessing a damage in the structure, based on a change rate of the phase difference between the two spots and a phase difference at a reference timing for same spots.

US Pat. No. 11,029,230

UNBALANCE DETECTION DEVICE, AND UNBALANCE DETECTION METHOD

1. An unbalance detection device for detecting unbalance of a rotor of a turbo-cartridge which includes the rotor including a turbine wheel and a compressor wheel coupled via a rotational shaft and a bearing housing accommodating a bearing which supports the rotor rotatably, the unbalance detection device comprising:a turbine-side housing accommodating the turbine wheel;
a compressor-side housing accommodating the compressor wheel;
a support mechanism configured to nip and support the turbo-cartridge from both sides by pressing at least one of the turbine-side housing or the compressor-side housing toward the turbo-cartridge, the support mechanism including a pressing rod and a piston device configured to push the pressing rod;
a vibration insulator interposed in each of a gap between the turbine-side housing and the turbo-cartridge and a gap between the compressor-side housing and the turbo-cartridge;
a vibration sensor installed so as to be contactable with the bearing housing, the vibration sensor detecting vibration upon rotation of the rotor; and
a biasing member configured to bias the vibration sensor toward the bearing housing, the biasing member being an elastic member,
wherein the unbalance detection device further comprises an oil supply pipe for supplying lubricant oil into the bearing housing, the oil supply pipe being selectively connected to and separated from an oil supply port formed on the bearing housing, and
wherein the biasing member is installed on the oil supply pipe so that the vibration sensor is biased toward the bearing housing in a state where the oil supply pipe is connected to the oil supply port formed on the bearing housing,
wherein the bearing housing includes a sensor contact mount having a flat surface that makes contact with the vibration sensor, and
wherein the oil supply pipe includes an oil-supply-pipe vibration insulator disposed on a portion of the oil supply pipe connected to the oil supply port, the oil-supply-pipe vibration insulator being configured to reduce vibration transmitted between the oil supply pipe and the turbo-cartridge.

US Pat. No. 11,029,229

METHOD FOR CHECKING THE PLAUSIBILITY OF THE FUNCTION OF A PRESSURE SENSOR

Vitesco Technologies GmbH...

1. A method for checking the plausibility of a function of a pressure sensor of an injection system of an internal combustion engine, wherein the injection system has a high-pressure pump for feeding fuel from a low-pressure region into a high-pressure region, at least one electrically actuatable injection valve for injecting the fuel from the high-pressure region into combustion chambers of the internal combustion engine, and the pressure sensor for measuring an internal pressure in the high-pressure region, the method comprising: acquiring a calibrated actuation profile by which peak current values, for opening the at least one electrically actuatable injection valve, of a current profile of a control current of the at least one electrically actuatable injection valve are assigned to existing internal pressures present in the high-pressure region; measuring an existing internal pressure in the form of an actual sensor pressure value by the pressure sensor; obtaining the electrical peak current value corresponding to the measured actual sensor pressure value from the calibrated actuation profile; applying the obtained electrical peak current value to the at least one electrically actuatable injection valve; and assigning a functional state of the pressure sensor as a function of a opening state of the at least one electrically actuatable injection valve monitored in reaction to the applied electrical peak current value.

US Pat. No. 11,029,228

WHEEL FORCE TRANSDUCER STATOR ANGLE CORRECTION DEVICE

Michigan Scientific Corpo...

1. A wheel force transducer stator angle correction apparatus, comprising:a stator rod retainer having a through-bore, the stator rod retainer being in mechanical communication with at least one bearing;
a stator rod having a first portion rigidly attached to an encoder stator attached to a wheel and having a second portion disposed within the through-bore of the stator rod retainer; and
an encoder rigidly attached to a portion of a vehicle associated with the wheel, wherein the encoder is adapted to measure an angle of the stator rod and to adjust a value associated with a wheel speed of the wheel based on the angle of the stator rod.

US Pat. No. 11,029,226

BODY MOUNTED MONITORING SYSTEM AND METHOD

Reebok International Limi...

1. A device for monitoring a force acting on a head of a user, comprising:a flexible article configured to be worn on the head of the user; and
a monitoring assembly removably coupled to the flexible article, the monitoring assembly including:
a sensor for measuring a force on the head and transmitting data relating to the force, the sensor positioned to be disposed immediately proximate to the head;
a processor configured to receive the force data from the sensor; and
a flexible strip operatively connecting the sensor and the processor, the flexible strip including a first end and a second end,
wherein the sensor is disposed at the first end of the flexible strip and the control unit processor is disposed intermediate to the first end of the flexible strip and the second end of the flexible strip,
wherein a neck portion of the flexible strip extends downwardly and is configured to be positioned at a base of a neck of the user, and
wherein the processor is coupled to the neck portion.

US Pat. No. 11,029,225

ELECTRONIC DEVICE, CRANK ASSEMBLY WITH ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND DRIVE TRAIN INCLUDING CRANK ASSEMBLY WITH ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Shimano Inc., Osaka (JP)...

1. An electronic device for calculating at least one of a human input force and a human input power that are inputted to a drive train of a human powered vehicle, the electronic device comprising:a receiver configured to receive first information with respect to torque applied to the drive train, and to receive at least one of second information with respect to a gear engagement state of a plurality of sprockets with a chain and third information with respect to a crank rotational speed of the drive train;
a computer memory device having a plurality of prestored correction factors with respect to the gear engagement state; and
a processor configured to calculate at least one of the human input force and the human input power, the human input force being applied to the drive train based on the first information, the second information and at least one of the prestored correction factors, the human input power being based on the first information, the second information, the third information, and at least one of the prestored correction factors.

US Pat. No. 11,029,224

METHOD FOR THERMALLY CORRECTING DATA OBTAINED THROUGH STRAIN GAUGES MOUNTED TO A SURFACE

LOCKHEED MARTIN CORPORATI...

1. A thermally compensating instrumentation system for use with a component to be measured formed from a first material having non-uniform coefficients of thermal expansion, the system comprising:a first sensing system configured to be mounted to the component formed from the first material to sense temperature and mechanical forces on the component;
at least one thermally compensating coupon configured to be mounted to the component adjacent the first sensing system, the at least one thermally compensating coupon being formed from a second material having non-uniform coefficients of thermal expansion that are substantially identical to the non-uniform coefficients of thermal expansion of the first material; and
a thermally compensating sensing system mounted to the at least one thermally compensating coupon and connected to the first sensing system, the thermally compensating sensing system being isolated from mechanical forces perceived by the component while sensing temperatures on the component such that the connection of the thermally compensating sensing system to the first sensing system compensates for the temperature sensed by the first sensing system.

US Pat. No. 11,029,223

BI-DIRECTIONAL FORCE SENSOR

HUD STUDIOS INC., Duncan...

1. A bi-directional force sensor, comprising:a first body having a first portion and a second portion;
a second body having a first portion and a second portion, the second body interlocking with the first body with the first portion of the second body positioned between the first portion and the second portion of the first body and the second portion of the first body positioned between the first portion and the second portion of the second body;
a first sensor positioned between the first portion of the first body and the first portion of the second body; and
a second sensor positioned between the second portion of the first body and the first portion of the second body.

US Pat. No. 11,029,222

PRESSURE SENSOR HAVING CONDUCTIVE MATERIAL EXTENDING BETWEEN NON-POROUS AND POROUS REGIONS AND PRESSURE SENSING DEVICE COMPRISING SAME

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A pressure sensor comprising:a first electrode layer;
a second electrode layer provided above the first electrode layer; and
an intermediate layer provided between the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer,
wherein the first electrode layer is larger than the second electrode layer, wherein the intermediate layer includes a foam in which a porous region is dispersed in a non-porous region, and a conductive material is dispersed in the foam and has a conductivity that is greater than that of the foam, and
wherein at least a part of the conductive material passes through interfaces between the non-porous region and the porous region or is dispersed in the non-porous region, and a ratio of the at least a part of the conductive materials passing through the interfaces between the non-porous region and the porous region or dispersed in the non-porous region to a total amount of the conductive materials in the foam is greater than or equal to 50 wt %,
wherein the conductive material is 1 to 10 wt % of a total amount of the foam, and
wherein the conductive material includes carbon nano tubes (CNT), and the CNTs is 0.05 to 3 wt % of the total amount of the conductive material.

US Pat. No. 11,029,221

SENSOR, INPUT DEVICE, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

13. A sensor comprising:a pressure-sensitive sensor main body having a first surface and a second surface; and
a first deformation layer disposed on at least one of the first surface or the second surface, wherein
the pressure-sensitive sensor main body includes
a capacitive sensor electrode unit including a sensing unit,
a reference electrode layer, and
a second deformation layer disposed between the reference electrode layer and the sensor electrode unit, and
the first deformation layer and the second deformation layer satisfy at least one of relationships represented by the following formulas (1) to (3),
Elastic modulus of the first deformation layer?elastic modulus of the second deformation layer  (1)
Thickness of the first deformation layer?thickness of the second deformation layer  (2)
Area occupancy of the first deformation layer?area occupancy of the second deformation layer  (3)

US Pat. No. 11,029,220

PRESSURE SENSING ELEMENT (AND SAFETY APPARATUS) HAVING INTERMEDIATE LAYER WITH TWO FUNCTIONAL LAYERS

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A pressure sensing element comprising:an intermediate layer having a structure in which at least two functional layers are stacked, wherein the at least two functional layers includes a first functional layer and a second functional layer;
a first electrode layer disposed on one surface of the intermediate layer and including a plurality of first electrode patterns; and
a second electrode layer disposed on an opposing surface of the intermediate layer to overlap the first electrode layer with the intermediate layer between the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer, the first functional layer is to face the plurality of first electrode patterns, and the second functional layer is to face the second electrode layer such that the second functional layer is between the first functional layer and the second electrode layer,
wherein a thickness of the first functional layer varies based on pressure applied to the pressure sensing element, the thickness of the first functional layer is to linearly vary within a first strain percentage range of the first functional layer when the applied pressure is within a first pressure range, and the thickness of the first functional layer is to vary at a different rate within a second strain percentage range of the first functional layer when the applied pressure is equal to or greater than pressure in the first pressure range, wherein the first pressure range is a pressure amount that ranges from a first pressure to a second pressure, the first strain percentage range of the first functional layer is a strain percentage that ranges from a first strain percentage to a second strain percentage, and
a thickness of the second functional layer varies based on pressure applied to the pressure sensing element, the thickness of the second functional layer is to linearly vary within a second strain percentage range of the second functional layer when the applied pressure is within a second pressure range, the thickness of the second functional layer is to vary at a different rate within a first strain percentage range of the second functional layer when the applied pressure is equal to or less than pressure in the second pressure range, and the thickness of the second functional layer is to vary at a different rate within a third strain percentage range of the second functional layer when the applied pressure is equal to or greater than pressure within the second pressure range, wherein the second pressure range is a pressure amount that ranges from a third pressure to a fourth pressure, the first strain percentage range of the second functional layer is a strain percentage that ranges from a third strain percentage to a fourth strain percentage, the second strain percentage range of the second functional layer is a strain percentage that ranges from the fourth strain percentage to a fifth strain percentage, and the third strain percentage range of the second functional layer is a strain percentage that is equal to or great than the fifth strain percentage, wherein the fifth strain percentage is greater than the fourth strain percentage, and
a maximum tolerable pressure that the first functional layer can withstand within the first pressure range is equivalent to a minimum amount of pressure within the second pressure range, wherein the maximum tolerable pressure within the first pressure range is the second pressure, and the minimum amount of pressure within the second pressure range is the third pressure,
wherein the first strain percentage range of the first functional layer is greater than the second strain percentage range of the first functional layer, and
wherein the second strain percentage range of the second functional layer is greater than the first strain percentage range of the second functional layer.

US Pat. No. 11,029,219

FIBER BRAGG GRATING TEMPERATURE SENSOR

The University of Adelaid...

1. A temperature sensor for sensing changes in temperature up to a predetermined temperature, comprising:a microstructured optical fiber, the microstructured optical fiber including a plurality of longitudinal channels extending along the microstructured optical fiber between a core region and an outer cladding portion of the microstructured optical fiber; and
a fiber Bragg grating formed in the microstructured optical fiber by generating a periodic modulation in the refractive index along the core region of the microstructured optical fiber, wherein the periodic modulation in the refractive index along the core region comprises ablated defects, the ablated defects comprising a series of cavities where material has been physically removed from an outer surface portion along the core region of the microstructured optical fiber, wherein the fiber Bragg grating is operable to produce band reflection at a reflection wavelength that varies in accordance with changes in temperature at the core region of the optical fiber.

US Pat. No. 11,029,218

DETERMINATION DEVICE, DETERMINATION METHOD, AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A determination device comprising:a memory; and
a processor coupled to the memory and the processor configured to execute a process, the process comprising:
generating a reference model of a sensor detection value,
after generating the reference model, starting a measuring of a time duration at a predetermined point in time before detecting a deviation between the reference model and the sensor detection value exceeds a threshold and continuing the measuring of the time duration until the deviation between the reference model and the sensor detection value exceeds the threshold,
determining whether the time duration measured in the measuring is shorter than a predetermined time duration; and
outputting a signal associated with an abnormality when the time duration is determined to be shorter than the predetermined time duration.

US Pat. No. 11,029,217

RAPID RESPONSE SENSOR HOUSING

Watlow Electric Manufactu...

1. A sensor assembly comprising:a housing comprising a unitary body having an internal cavity exposed to an outside environment, a plurality of internal passageways separated by an intermediate wall of the unitary body, the plurality of internal passageways extending and opening into the internal cavity;
a micro-sensor disposed within the internal cavity and exposed to the outside environment, the micro-sensor having a pair of lead wires that extend from the micro-sensor through the plurality of internal passageways; and
an internal wall separating the internal cavity from the internal passageways, wherein the micro-sensor abuts the internal wall.

US Pat. No. 11,029,216

IC WITH STRAGICALLY BIASED DIGITAL CIRCUITRY

Rambus Inc., San Jose, C...

12. An integrated-circuit (IC) component comprising:first and second pluralities of transistors;
first and second substrate regions disposed adjacent the first plurality of transistors and the second plurality of transistors, respectively; and
biasing circuitry to apply (i) a first bias voltage to the first substrate region to effect a leakage current for the first plurality of transistors below a nominal leakage current and (ii) a second bias voltage, different from the first bias voltage, to the second substrate region to effect a switching speed for the second plurality of transistors greater than a nominal switching speed.

US Pat. No. 11,029,215

LOW CONTACT CLAMP FOR NON-INVASIVE PROCESS FLUID TEMPERATURE INDICATION

Rosemount Inc., Shakopee...

1. A process fluid temperature estimation system comprising:a sensor capsule having at least one temperature sensitive element disposed therein configured to sense an external surface of a process pipe;
measurement circuitry coupled to the sensor capsule and configured to detect a characteristic of the at least one temperature sensitive element that varies with temperature and provide sensor capsule temperature information; and
a controller coupled to the measurement circuitry, the controller being configured to obtain a reference temperature and employ a heat transfer calculation with the reference temperature and the sensor capsule temperature information to generate an estimated process temperature output; and
a mounting assembly configured to mount the process fluid temperature estimation system to the external surface of the process pipe, the mounting assembly comprising:
a clamp body offset from the external surface of the process pipe; and
a standoff configured to contact the external surface of the process pipe and to offset the clamp body from the external surface of the process pipe, wherein the standoff is actuatable to adjust the offset between the clamp body and the external surface of the process pipe.

US Pat. No. 11,029,214

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ANALYSING AN ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE IN HIGH DEFINITION

PHASICS, Soisy sur Seine...

1. Method for analyzing an electromagnetic wave, comprising:receiving an incident electromagnetic wave by a diffractive element, and converting the incident electromagnetic wave into a diffracted electromagnetic wave by the diffractive element, the diffracted electromagnetic wave comprising at least three diffraction orders,
receiving, by a matrix-array sensor, a two-dimensional interference pattern formed by interference of the at least three diffraction orders of the diffracted electromagnetic wave after propagation between the diffractive element and the matrix-array sensor, the matrix-array sensor having a matrix array of pixels aligned along two axes of alignment of pixels, the matrix-array sensor producing an interferogram in response to said receiving of the diffracted electromagnetic wave,
performing several acquisitions, by the matrix-array sensor, each acquisition producing a respective interferogram in response to a respective received diffracted electromagnetic wave, the several acquisitions corresponding, respectively, to several relative positions between the diffractive element and the matrix-array sensor,
calculating, based on interferograms produced from the several acquisitions corresponding, respectively, to the several relative positions between the diffractive element and the matrix-array sensor, a value for phase gradient and/or phase at each point of the matrix-array sensor used to produce a phase image of the incident electromagnetic wave.

US Pat. No. 11,029,213

EPITAXIAL GRAPHENE QUANTUM DOTS FOR HIGH-PERFORMANCE TERAHERTZ BOLOMETERS

Georgetown University, W...

1. A hot-electron bolometer comprising:a SiC substrate;
a radiation detection area including a quantum dot pattern of epitaxial graphene formed on the SiC substrate; and
a source electrode and drain electrode contacting the quantum dot pattern.

US Pat. No. 11,029,212

SCALE COMPOSITION DETERMINATION SYSTEM, SCALE COMPOSITION DETERMINATION METHOD, AND PROGRAM

NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION,...

1. A scale composition determination system that determines a composition of a scale generated on a surface of a steel material, the scale composition determination system comprising:a computer processor including processing circuitry; and
at least one of radiation thermometers, each of the at least one of radiation thermometers including a respective light collecting lens that measures temperatures of the steel material at two wavelengths different from each other by radiation thermometry, wherein
the computer processor determines whether or not hematite (Fe2O3) has been generated in an outermost layer of the scale based on a difference between the temperatures of the steel material measured by the at least one of radiation thermometers,
a thickness of hematite at an intersection point of a hematite curve at, out of the two wavelengths, a first wavelength and a hematite curve at a second wavelength is determined so as to exceed an upper limit value of a thickness assumed as a thickness of hematite generated in the outermost layer of the scale, and
the hematite curves are curves indicating the relationship between a thickness of hematite and a temperature of hematite.

US Pat. No. 11,029,211

UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEM BASED THERMAL IMAGING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

FLIR Systems, Inc., Wils...

1. A system comprising:a flight platform;
an infrared imager coupled to the flight platform and configured to capture infrared images of a scene in view of the flight platform and output infrared data associated with the infrared images and/or the scene;
an environmental sensor configured to measure environmental data associated with the flight platform, the infrared imager, and/or the scene; and
a logic device configured to:
receive the infrared data from the infrared imager, wherein the infrared data is configured to measure an aspect of at least a portion of the scene,
receive the environmental data from the environmental sensor,
determine a range between a target in the scene and a source corresponding to the target, the range being a distance between the target and the source, the logic device being configured to determine the range regardless of whether or not the target is directly below the flight platform, and
correct the infrared data received from the infrared imager based, at least in part, on the environmental data and the range, to determine corrected infrared data, wherein the range is used to determine an amount of correction of the infrared data based on the environmental data.

US Pat. No. 11,029,210

PROCESS FOR THE APPROACH TO AN ORIENTED RELATIVE POSITION BETWEEN A CAMERA OR SCANNING DEVICE AND A DENTAL ASSISTANCE ELEMENT

Ivoclar Vivadent AG, Sch...

1. Process for an approach to an oriented relative position between a camera or scanning device and a dental assistance element (10) for recording the dental assistance element (10) comprisingwherein the dental assistance element (10) comprises a miniature shade guide,
wherein there is a mark (4) attached to the dental assistance element (10), and/or
wherein at least one part of the dental assistance element (10) is used as a mark (4),
wherein a stencil (6) which is congruent with or mathematically similar to the mark (4) is displayed on a display device of the camera or scanning device, and
wherein for the approach to the oriented relative position between the camera or scanning device and the dental assistance element, a modification of a degree of coverage of the stencil (6) with the mark (4) or the at least one part of the dental assistance element (10) is detected.

US Pat. No. 11,029,209

SPECTRAL PHASE INTERFERENCE DEVICE AND SYSTEM

SHENZHEN UNIVERSITY, She...

1. A spectral phase interference device, wherein said device comprises:a beam splitter configured to split a pulse to be measured into a reflected pulse and a transmitted pulse, wherein said reflected pulse is incident to a pulse retarder and said transmitted pulse is incident to a pulse disperser;
said pulse disperser is configured to spread said transmitted pulse into a chirped pulse that is incident to a half-wave plate;
said half-wave plate is configured to adjust a polarization direction of said chirped pulse that is incident to a polarizing beam splitter after transmitting through said half-wave plate;
said pulse retarder is configured to delay said reflected pulse, wherein the delayed reflected pulse is incident to a birefringent crystal;
said birefringent crystal is configured to allow said delayed reflected pulse to generate a pulse pair to be measured with a relative time delay, wherein said pulse pair to be measured is incident to a broadband quarter-wave plate;
said broadband quarter-wave plate is configured to adjust said pulse pair to be measured to allow a phase difference p between relative phases of the two sub-pulses in said pulse pair to be measured to be generated, wherein said pulse pair to be measured which has phase difference ? is incident to said polarizing beam splitter;
said polarizing beam splitter is configured to allow said pulse pair to be measured which has phase difference ? and said chirped pulse that has transmitted through said half-wave plate to be incident to a focusing lens at the same time;
said focusing lens is configured to focus the chirped pulse that is transmitted through said half-wave plate and said pulse pair to be measured that has generated the phase difference ?, wherein said focused pulse is incident to a sum-frequency pulse generator;
said sum-frequency pulse generator is configured to apply sum-frequency conversion to said focused pulse, to generate a sum-frequency pulse pair that is incident to a spectrometer; and
said spectrometer is configured to record spectral interference ring data generated by said sum-frequency pulse pair.

US Pat. No. 11,029,208

MICROSPECTROSCOPE HAVING AUTOMATIC SAMPLE DETECTION FUNCTION

JASCO Corporation, Tokyo...

1. A microspectroscope comprising:a light source that emits an excitation light to a sample; a condensing lens that emits the excitation light to a predetermined position of the sample and condenses a reflected light or a transmitted light from the sample; a spectrometer that detects a condensed light; and an analysis control unit that analyzes a signal from the spectrometer, the microspectroscope that performs spectrometry by using an observation image of the sample,wherein:the analysis control unit comprises an image storage part that converts the observation image to an all-in-focus image to store the same, and a control part that makes the microspectroscope to perform measurement,
the image storage part adds a detected information of a sample point that is a target of spectrometry to the all-in-focus image to create a sample search image data, and
the control part automatically detects the sample point by using the sample search image data.

US Pat. No. 11,029,207

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT FOR SPECTRAL IMAGING SYSTEM

IMEC, Leuven (BE)

1. A sensor system, comprising:a plurality of optical sensors arranged on an integrated circuit;
a plurality of Fabry-Pérot filters arranged in an array;
a collimator;
one or more rejection filters, wherein the Fabry-Pérot filters, the collimator and the one or more rejection filters are together configured as a layer proximate to the optical sensors;
a memory, wherein the memory is configured to store calibration data associated with the sensor system; and
one or more processors operably connected to the optical sensors, wherein the one or more processors are operable to:
process an output from each one of the optical sensors using a calibration formula of a plurality of calibration formulas to produce a plurality of outputs representative of optical wavelengths, wherein each of the calibration formulas uses calibration data stored in the memory, and wherein the optical wavelengths together are in accordance with a target range of optical wavelengths.

US Pat. No. 11,029,206

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR WAVEGUIDE METROLOGY

Applied Materials, Inc., ...

1. A waveguide metrology system, comprising:a light source coupled to a first stage and configured to direct light towards a sample waveguide holder disposed on a second stage, the light source disposed on a first side of the second stage;
one or more scanning detectors coupled to a third stage on a second side of the second stage opposite the first side, the one or more scanning detectors configured to collect light transmitted in a first direction from the sample waveguide holder towards the second side;
a reflection detector coupled to a fourth stage on the first side of the second stage, the reflection detector configured to collect light reflected in a second direction from the sample waveguide holder towards the first side; and
a spectrometer in communication with the one or more scanning detectors, wherein the system is configured to measure reflective and transmissive light diffraction efficiency characteristics of a sample waveguide in the sample waveguide holder.

US Pat. No. 11,029,205

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT COMPRISING MULTIPLE CHANNELS WITH INTEGRATED BYPASS CAPACITORS AND PHOTODIODES

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus, comprising a photonic integrated circuit (PIC), wherein the PIC includes:a substrate in which at least first and second channels of the PIC are formed adjacent to each other, wherein a channel-to-channel pitch between the first and second channels is equal to a pitch between corresponding adjacent first and second channels on an integrated circuit (IC), wherein the PIC and the IC are to be coupled to form a resulting data channel, wherein the first channel formed on the PIC is to be coupled to the corresponding first channel on the IC, and the second channel formed on the PIC is to be coupled to the corresponding second channel on the IC,
wherein the first channel includes a first photodiode and a first capacitor coupled to the first photodiode, and the second channel includes a second photodiode and a second capacitor coupled with the second photodiode,
wherein the first photodiode and the first capacitor have respective first and second sizes that are less than a first size of the first channel of the PIC, in order for the first channel to accommodate the first photodiode and the first capacitor, and wherein the second photodiode and the second capacitor have respective third and fourth sizes that are less than a second size of the second channel of the PIC, in order for the second channel to accommodate the second photodiode and the second capacitor,
wherein the first and second capacitors are provided to assist with biasing the first and second photodiodes respectively and to isolate a signal output by the first and second photodiodes from interference provided by a power supply associated with the apparatus.

US Pat. No. 11,029,204

SINGLE PHOTON SENSITIVE ELEMENT BASED HIGH THROUGHPUT ANALYTICAL SYSTEM

GeneSense Technology Inc....

1. A throughput-scalable photon sensing system, comprising:a plurality of semiconductor dies sharing a common semiconductor substrate and comprising one or more through-silicon vias;
a plurality of photon detection sensors configured to perform a single molecule or cluster sequencing analysis of biological or chemical samples;
a plurality of dicing streets separating the plurality of semiconductor dies from one another, wherein each dicing street of the plurality of dicing streets comprises an indented area between two immediately neighboring semiconductor dies, the indented area facilitating separation of the two immediately neighboring semiconductor dies;
wherein two immediately neighboring photon detection sensors of the plurality of photon detection sensors are arranged on respective two semiconductor dies separated by a dicing street of the plurality of dicing streets,
wherein each photon detection sensor of the plurality of photon detection sensors is arranged on a separate semiconductor die of the plurality of semiconductor dies, and
wherein at least one photon detection sensor of the plurality of photon detection sensors comprises:
a plurality of sub-diffraction limit (SDL) photosensitive elements, each SDL photosensitive element being sensitive to a single photoelectron, and wherein a single image pixel is generated based on one or more two-dimensional or three-dimensional arrays of outputs generated by SDL photosensitive elements.

US Pat. No. 11,029,203

GATED SUPERCONDUCTING PHOTON DETECTOR

PSIQUANTUM CORP., Palo A...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a first superconducting wire having a first threshold superconducting current, wherein the first superconducting wire includes a first end of the first superconducting wire and a second end of the first superconducting wire;
a second superconducting wire having a second threshold superconducting current that is less than the first threshold superconducting current, wherein:
the second superconducting wire includes a first end of the second superconducting wire and a second end of the second superconducting wire; and
the second end of the first superconducting wire and the second end of the second superconducting wire are coupled to a common voltage node;
a resistor coupled between the first superconducting wire and the second superconducting wire, with a first end of the resistor coupled to the first end of the first superconducting wire and a second end of the resistor, opposite to the first end of the resistor, coupled to the first end of the second superconducting wire; and
a current source coupled with the first superconducting wire, and coupled with a combination of the resistor and the second superconducting wire.

US Pat. No. 11,029,202

RADIATION SENSORS

Carrier Corporation, Pal...

1. A method for manufacturing a radiation sensor, comprising:depositing or printing a radiation sensitive material on or within a plurality of electrodes, wherein the electrodes are interdigitated and the radiation sensitive material is deposited or printed in a space between a plurality of electrode extensions, wherein depositing or printing the radiation sensitive material includes forming the radiation sensitive material to be coplanar with the electrodes to form a sensor layer.

US Pat. No. 11,029,201

ABNORMALITY DETECTOR

Fukada Kogyo Co., Ltd., ...

10. An abnormality detector comprising:a plurality of band filters including:
a first band filter configured to allow passage of infrared light in a first band including a peak wavelength of a carbon dioxide gas resonance radiation band,
a second band filter configured to allow passage of infrared light in a second band that is different from the first band, and that has a band center positioned away from a band center of the carbon dioxide gas resonance radiation band,
a third band filter configured to allow passage of infrared light in a third band that is different from both the first band and the second band, and that has a band center positioned away from the band center of the carbon dioxide gas resonance radiation band, and
a fourth band filter configured to allow passage of infrared light in a predetermined band;
a detection section including:
a first detection device configured to detect infrared light that has passed through the first band filter and convert the infrared light into an electrical signal;
a second detection device configured to detect infrared light that has passed through the second band filter and convert the infrared light into an electrical signal;
a third detection device configured to detect infrared light that has passed through the third band filter and convert the infrared light into an electrical signal, and
a sensor array arrayed in a two-dimensional pattern and having fourth detection devices each configured to detect infrared light that has passed through the fourth band filter and convert the infrared light into an electrical signal; and
a determination section configured to:
determine whether a flame or an abnormal temperature has been detected based on any combination of electrical signal values among an electrical signal value detected by the first detection device, an electrical signal value detected by the second detection device, or an electrical signal value detected by the third detection device, and
in a case in which determination has been made that a flame or an abnormal temperature has been detected, to determine a position where the flame or the abnormal temperature has been detected based on electrical signal values detected by the respective fourth detection devices of the sensor array.

US Pat. No. 11,029,200

AMBIENT LUMINOSITY LEVEL DETECTION

STMicroelectronics (Greno...

1. A method, comprising:a) resetting a photodiode;
b) determining when a photodiode voltage changes in response to illumination to reach a threshold;
c) updating a counter in response to the determination in step b);
d) repeating steps a) to c) until an end of a measurement period is reached; and
e) outputting a value of the counter at the end of the measurement period that is indicative of an intensity of said illumination;
wherein a difference between a time for resetting the photodiode and a time when the threshold is reached is a discharge time; and
wherein the measurement period expires when a sum of a plurality of consecutive discharge times equals or exceeds a threshold period.

US Pat. No. 11,029,199

AMBIENT LIGHT DETERMINATION USING PHYSIOLOGICAL METRIC SENSOR DATA

Fitbit, Inc., San Franci...

1. A wearable computing device comprising:an electronic display with a configurable brightness level setting;
a physiological metric sensor system, including a light source configured to direct light into tissue of a user when the user is wearing the wearable computing device and a light detector configured to detect light from the light source that reflects back from the user; and
control circuitry configured to:
activate the light source during a first period;
generate a first light detector signal indicating a first amount of light detected by the light detector during the first period;
deactivate the light source during a second period;
generate a second light detector signal indicating a second amount of light detected by the light detector during the second period;
generate a physiological metric based at least in part on the first light detector signal and the second light detector signal; and
modify the configurable brightness level setting based at least in part on the second light detector signal.

US Pat. No. 11,029,198

ALTERNATIVE APPROACH FOR UV SENSING

The Board of Trustees of ...

1. A UV monitoring system for measuring a radiant exposure or flux of incident UV electromagnetic radiation, the system comprising:a near-field coil for wirelessly coupling the system with an external electronic device;
a substrate; and
an electronic device supported by said substrate, wherein said electronic device comprises:
a transducer including one or more light emitting diodes (LEDs), the one or more LEDs configured to convert at least a portion of said incident UV electromagnetic radiation into an electrical current, wherein the current is characteristic of said radiant exposure or flux of said incident UV electromagnetic radiation, wherein absorption of the incident UV electromagnetic radiation by the one or more LEDs provides at least a portion of the power for said measurement of the radiant exposure or flux of said incident UV electromagnetic radiation;
a capacitor to store charge from the one or more LEDs; and
an NFC chip configured to assess charge on the capacitor and transmit UV exposure data to the external electronic device
wherein the near-field coil encircles the transducer, the capacitor and the NFC chip on the substrate.

US Pat. No. 11,029,197

OPTICAL SENSOR ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD FOR LIGHT SENSING

ams AG, Premstaetten (AT...

1. An optical sensor arrangement comprisingan integrator with an integrator input and an integrator output;
a photodiode for providing a current corresponding to a first polarity;
a comparator with a comparator input coupled to the integrator output, the comparator being configured to compare a voltage at the comparator input with a threshold value for providing a comparison output;
a reference charge circuit that is coupled to the integrator input for selectively providing first charge packages of a first size or second charge packages of a second size, wherein the first charge packages correspond to a second polarity being opposite of the first polarity and the second charge packages correspond to the first polarity; and
a control unit that is configured
to, during a calibration phase, control the reference charge circuit to provide one of the first charge packages to the integrator input and to provide one or more of the second charge packages to the integrator input until the comparison output changes, and to determine a reference number corresponding to a number of the second charge packages provided;
to, during an integration phase, connect the photodiode to the integrator input, to control the reference charge circuit to provide one of the first charge packages to the integrator input in response to a respective change of the comparison output and to determine an integration number corresponding to a number of said changes of the comparison output; and
to, during a residual measurement phase that immediately follows the integration phase control the reference charge circuit to provide one or more of the second charge packages to the integrator input until the comparison output changes, and to determine a residual number corresponding to a number of the second charge packages provided.

US Pat. No. 11,029,196

VIBRATION SENSOR FOR FLUID LEAK DETECTION

South East Water Corporat...

1. A vibration sensor, comprising:a sensor base to couple to a vibration source;
a piezoelectric transducer coupled on a first side of the transducer to the sensor base;
at least one conductor coupled to the piezoelectric transducer; and
a seismic weight defining a cavity into which the piezoelectric transducer is partly disposed such that the seismic weight is positioned on a second side of the piezoelectric transducer;
wherein the sensor base, the piezoelectric transducer and the seismic weight are aligned along an axis and arranged so that relative movement between the sensor base and the seismic weight arising from the vibration source, including small compressions and bending moments arising from vibrations transmitted through the sensor base, causes a current to be generated in the piezoelectric transducer and an output signal corresponding to the generated current is detectable on the at least one conductor.

US Pat. No. 11,029,195

EARHEALTH MONITORING SYSTEM AND METHOD II

Staton Techiya LLC, Ligh...

1. An earphone configured to monitor sound dosage levels comprising:a microphone;
a speaker;
an eartip;
a memory that stores instructions; and
a processor, operatively connected to the microphone, where the processor is operatively connected to the speaker, where the processor is operatively connected to the memory, where the processor is configured to execute the instructions to perform operations, the operations comprising:
receiving a microphone signal from the microphone, where the microphone signal results from the microphone measuring sound pressure levels (SPLECM) in a user's ear canal;
converting the microphone signal into field equivalent values of the sound pressure levels; and
calculating, during a time increment ?t, a SPL_Dose?t based upon the field equivalent values, wherein the SPL_Dose?t indicates a cumulative exposure to sound levels over the time increment ?t.

US Pat. No. 11,029,194

METHOD OF MONITORING RUBBING BETWEEN A ROTARY PARTY AND A STATIONARY PART IN A ROTATING TURBOMACHINE, MONITORING ARRANGEMENT AND TURBOMACHINE

NUOVO PIGNONE SRL, Flore...

1. A method comprising:measuring oscillations at at least one point of a turbomachine;
measuring debris passing in at least one section of a flow path of the turbomachine; and
determining an operating mode of the turbomachine, wherein a rubbing presence estimation is based on the determined operating mode.

US Pat. No. 11,029,193

SMART DIAPER CHANGING PAD

1. A smart scale system comprising:a scale comprising:
an ovular weighing platform, the weighing platform comprising:
a foam upper surface including a central depression;
a lower surface comprising a rigid element, the lower surface being opposite the upper surface; and
at least one elevated sidewall that curves up from at least one side of the foam upper surface;
a plurality of legs extending from the bottom side of the rigid element, each leg attached to a weight sensor configured to measure force or mass to generate a weight measurement, the distal end of each leg ending in a slip-resistant foot;
a Bluetooth or Bluetooth Low Energy communication module configured to wirelessly transmit the weight measurement from the scale to an electronic mobile device; and
a battery configured to power the load cell and the wireless communication module; and
an application running on the electronic mobile device that, when executed, causes one or more processors in the electronic mobile device to:
access a user profile, the user profile including at least a user name and a user weight log;
wirelessly receive the weight measurement from the Bluetooth or Bluetooth Low Energy communication module of the scale;
record the weight measurement in the user weight log of the user profile;
display the weight measurement on a screen of the electronic mobile device; and
transmit the weight reading to a cloud data storage.

US Pat. No. 11,029,192

HIGH-CAPACITY WEIGHING MODULE

Mettler-Toledo (Changzhou...

1. A module for weighing, comprising:a top plate weldment, having a cavity structure on a front side thereof;
a bottom plate weldment, positioned such that the bottom plate weldment forms a chamber that is open on a front side with the cavity structure;
a pressure-bearing assembly, fixed between the respective top and bottom plate weldments in the chamber, the pressure-bearing assembly comprising;
an upper pressure-bearing head,
a lower pressure-bearing head; and
a sensor, positioned such that the upper pressure-bearing head is mounted at an upper end of the sensor and the lower pressure-bearing head is mounted at a lower end of the sensor; and
at least one of the following:
at least two top-plate locating pins, provided on an inner top wall face of the cavity structure, with an upper end of the upper pressure-bearing head is inserted between the top-plate locating pins, or
at least two bottom-plate locating pins, provided in the chamber at a position corresponding to an upper end face of the bottom plate weldment, with a lower end of the lower pressure-bearing head inserted between the bottom-plate locating pins.

US Pat. No. 11,029,191

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING THE WEIGHT AND CENTRE OF GRAVITY OF A STRUCTURE

Airbus Defence and Space ...

1. A method for determining a weight (W) and/or at least a first coordinate (X) of a position of a centre of gravity of a structure, the method comprising the following steps:a) measuring responses (?) of a first plurality of installed sensors located in sensitive load points of the structure, and
b) determining the weight (W) and/or the first coordinate (X) of the position of the centre of gravity of the structure based on the responses (?), as:

wherein W is the weight of the structure, X is the first coordinate of the position of the centre of gravity of the structure on a plane of projection, kW and kx, are natural numbers and ? are the responses (?) measured by the first plurality of installed sensors, wherein a subscript in each of the responses (?)denotes a corresponding sensor of the first plurality of the installed sensors which has performed the measurement,
wherein
for determining the weight (W) a first group of sensors is used which comprises a number of installed sensors kw,
for determining the first coordinate (X) of the centre of gravity a second group of sensors is used which comprises a number of installed sensors kx, and wherein
coefficients ?jw, with jw=1, . . . kw, and ?jx, with jx=1, . . . kx, and constants Cw, and cx are previously determined applying the following calibration steps:
i) locating a plurality of calibration sensors in sensitive load points of the structure, wherein the number of calibration sensors is m, m being a natural number,
ii) loading the structure with a probe weight (Wpi), obtaining a loading state (i), and measuring the first coordinate (Xi) of the position of the centre of gravity and the weight (Wi) of the structure in said loading state (i),
iii) measuring for each calibration sensor (r) the response (?r,i) associated to the loading state (i), with r=1, . . . m, being r a natural number,
iv) repeating steps ii) and iii) for a plurality of loading states (i), with i=1, s, being s the number of loading states, s being a natural number,
v) selecting groups of at least two calibration sensors and solving for each group an equation system with a number of equations (P) equal to or greater than Nw+1, being Nw the number of calibration sensors in the group, wherein the equation system is:

?n,q, with n=1, . . . , Nw, being the measured responses of the calibration sensors and Wq being the weight associated to the respective loading state q, q=1, P,
wherein the equation systems are solved by least squares method, obtaining as a result weight coefficients (?n) for n=1, . . . , Nw, and weight constant (Cw),
vi) determining for each group of calibration sensors an estimated weight (Wei) for each loading state (i) as

wherein ?n,i are the responses of the calibration sensors of the group, associated to a loading state i,
vii) selecting a first group of calibration sensors which fulfils that a first probable error (PEw) is minimum, wherein PEw is:

s being the total number of loading states, Nw being the number of calibration sensors in said group of calibration sensors, and CE being a real positive number, viii) selecting groups of at least two calibration sensors and solving for each group an equation system with a number of equations (P) equal or greater than Nx+1, being Nx the number of calibration sensors in the group, wherein the equation systems is:

?n,q, with n=1, . . . , Nx, being the measured responses of the calibration sensors and Xq being the X-coordinate of the centre of gravity associated to the respective loading state q, q=1, . . . ,P,
wherein the equation systems are solved by least squares method, obtaining as a result X-coefficients (?n) for n=1, . . . , Nx, and X-constant (Cx),
ix) determining for each group of calibration sensors an estimated X-coordinate (Xei) of the centre of gravity for each loading state (i), as

wherein ?n,i are the responses of the calibration sensors of the group, associated to a loading state i,
x) selecting a second group of calibration sensors which fulfils that a second probable error (PEx) is minimum, wherein PEx is:

s being the total number of loading states, Nx, being the number of calibration sensors in said group of calibration sensors, and CE being a real positive number,
xi) selecting as the first plurality of installed sensors a plurality of calibration sensors including:
the first group of calibration sensors selected in step vii), and
the second group of calibration sensors selected in step x),
wherein kw is the number of sensors in the first group of calibration sensors and kx, is the number of sensors in the second group of calibration sensors.

US Pat. No. 11,029,190

VELOCITY SENSOR WITH PARABOLIC REFLECTOR

ADS LLC, Huntsville, AL ...

1. A liquid velocity sensor system, comprising:an ultrasonic transmitter and a first ultrasonic transducer coupled to said ultrasonic transmitter for transmitting ultrasonic signals acoustically through an air medium;
an ultrasonic receiver configured for receiving reflected ultrasonic signals resulting from said transmitted ultrasonic signals;
a unitary system housing forming a circuit compartment and a parabolic acoustic reflector;
said ultrasonic transmitter and said ultrasonic receiver housed in said circuit compartment in said unitary system housing;
said first ultrasonic transducer disposed on a lateral side of said circuit compartment and directed to said parabolic acoustic reflector at a focus producing a diagonally directed beam from said parabolic acoustic reflector;
wherein said parabolic acoustic reflector comprises an outer edge of said unitary system housing, said outer edge defined by an intersection of a conical pattern with a paraboloid, said conical pattern having a vertex at said first ultrasonic transducer and a conical angle from center to edge of the cone, based on a sensing characteristic of said first ultrasonic transducer, said paraboloid having an axis of symmetry directed in a desired beam direction and a focus at a center of said first ultrasonic transducer.

US Pat. No. 11,029,189

LIQUID SURFACE DETECTING APPARATUS AND LIQUID SURFACE DETECTING METHOD USING REFLECTED LIGHT

SYSMEX CORPORATION, Kobe...

1. A liquid surface detecting apparatus comprising:an aspirator configured to aspirate a liquid through a pipette, the liquid comprising a sample or reagent;
a light emitter that emits light toward the liquid in the pipette
an image capturing device that captures an image of the liquid in the pipette; and
a detecting device that detects a level of a liquid surface of the liquid in the pipette based on the image of the liquid captured by the image capturing device.

US Pat. No. 11,029,188

RADAR FILL LEVEL MEASUREMENT DEVICE COMPRISING RADAR CHIPS ON DIFFERENT PLANES OF A CIRCUIT BOARD

VEGA Grieshaber KG, Wolf...

1. A radar fill level measurement device for fill level measurement or for recording a topology of a filling material surface in a container, comprising:a circuit board comprising a top circuit board surface and a bottom circuit board surface; and
a first radar chip on the top circuit board surface and a second radar chip on the bottom circuit board surface,
wherein the first radar chip and the second radar chip each comprise one or more transmission channels configured to generate a transmission signal, and one or more reception channels configured to receive the transmission signal that is reflected at the filling material surface,
wherein at least one of the transmission channels of the first radar chip is connected, via a first line, to an antenna assembly for radiating the transmission signal,
wherein at least one of the reception channels of the second radar chip is connected, via a second line, to the antenna assembly for receiving the reflected transmission signal,
wherein the antenna assembly comprises a first waveguide configured to radiate the transmission signal towards the filling material surface,
wherein the antenna assembly comprises a second waveguide configured to receive the reflected transmission signal,
wherein the second waveguide comprises an end region that is positioned on the bottom of the circuit board,
wherein the second waveguide further comprises a main region that is positioned on the top of the circuit board, and
wherein a plurality of plated through-holes is arranged inside the circuit board, between the end region and the main region, in order to also form the second waveguide inside the circuit board.

US Pat. No. 11,029,187

FILL LEVEL REFLECTOMETER HAVING A VARIABLE MEASUREMENT SEQUENCE

VEGA GRIESHABER KG, Wolf...

1. A fill level measurement device for fill level measurement in accordance with a reflectometer method, the device comprising:a signal source assembly configured to generate an electromagnetic transmission signal during a fill level measurement phase,
wherein the electromagnetic transmission signal is frequency-modulated in steps,
wherein each step of said steps has a constant frequency over a period of time that is more than twice that of a delay time of the electromagnetic transmission signal from the signal source assembly to a filling material, and
wherein individual constant frequencies of the electromagnetic transmission signal are distributed within a defined frequency band; and
a control circuit configured to change a number of the steps, frequency spacings between individual steps, durations of the individual steps, a width of the defined frequency band, a frequency of a lowest step, or a frequency of a highest step,
wherein steps in a central region of the defined frequency band of the electromagnetic transmission signal last longer than steps in edge regions of the defined frequency band of the electromagnetic transmission signal.

US Pat. No. 11,029,186

PRECISION ADC SAMPLING CLOCK FOR HIGH ACCURACY WIRELESS GUIDED WAVE RADAR

ROSEMOUNT INC., Shakopee...

1. A level transmitter comprising:an analog-to-digital converter clock signal generator that receives a transmitter clock signal and a start signal and uses the received transmitter clock signal to generate an analog-to-digital converter clock signal, where the transmitter clock signal is used to establish when an incident signal is transmitted toward a material boundary wherein the analog-to-digital converter clock signal generator comprises at least one logic gate and a counter, the at least one logic gate receiving the transmitter clock signal and the start signal and forming a counter clock signal that is provided to a clock input of the counter, the logic gate forming the counter clock signal such that the counter clock signal tracks the transmitter clock signal after a transition in the start signal;
an analog-to-digital converter that samples an analog waveform based on the analog-to-digital converter clock signal and generates a digital value for each sample of the analog waveform; and
an analysis module that analyzes the digital values to determine a distance to the material boundary.

US Pat. No. 11,029,185

TANK GAUGE

RAMPART STRONG, LLC, Bag...

1. A tank storage measurement device comprising:a display screen, the tank storage measurement device being configured to display on the display screen an image of a storage tank,
wherein the tank storage measurement device is additionally configured to use the image of the storage tank to identify boundaries of the storage tank and identify a qualitative level of a substance in the storage tank;
wherein the tank storage measurement device is additionally configured to generate a quantitative representation of the level of the substance using the identified boundaries and identified qualitative level of the substance;
wherein the tank storage measurement device is additionally configured to display on the display screen the generated quantitative representation of the level of the substance; and
wherein the tank storage measurement device is configured to identify the boundaries of the storage tank by graphical user input at user adjustable boundary marker elements displayed on the display screen.

US Pat. No. 11,029,184

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR FIELD MONITORING OF STATIONARY ASSETS

1. A system for monitoring a fill level of a container, the system comprising:an environmentally-isolated enclosure;
a processor disposed within the enclosure;
a wireless transceiver disposed within the enclosure; and
a cable connected to the processor and extends out of the enclosure;
a first pressure sensor attached to an end of the cable that is distal from the enclosure;
a second pressure sensor connected to the processor and disposed within the enclosure; and
a solar panel disposed on an outer surface the enclosure that powers a battery connected to the processor, first pressure sensor, second pressure sensor, and the wireless transceiver;
wherein the enclosure is mounted to an outside of the container, wherein the enclosure is a distance away from an opening in the container,
wherein the cable is inserted into the container via the opening such that the first pressure sensor is disposed within a fluid inside the container,
wherein the first pressure sensor measures a pressure at a depth within the fluid inside the container,
wherein the second pressure sensor measures a pressure outside of the container,
wherein the processor is configured to cross-correlate readings from the first pressure sensor and the second pressure sensor to determine a net pressure for use in calculating the fill level of the container,
wherein the wireless transceiver is configured to wireless relay data from the processor, and
wherein the enclosure further comprises:
an indicator unit operably connected to the processor;
a memory, the memory comprises computer readable instructions that when executed by the processor in response to an output signal from the indicator unit cause the indicator unit to produce a signal that corresponds to a status of the enclosure;
a location acquisition unit configured to acquire a location item identifying a location of the enclosure,
wherein the memory further comprises computer readable instructions that when executed by the processor in response to a power enable signal cause the location acquisition unit to automatically acquire the location item and cause the enclosure to transmit the location item, via the wireless transceiver, to a remote server; and
a proximity sensor operably connected to the processor.

US Pat. No. 11,029,183

VIBRATORY FLOWMETER AND METHOD FOR METER VERIFICATION

Micro Motion, Inc., Boul...

1. A meter verification method for a vibratory flowmeter, with the method comprising:vibrating a flowmeter assembly of the vibratory flowmeter in a primary vibration mode using a first driver and at least a second driver;
determining first and second primary mode currents of the first and second driver for the primary vibration mode and determining first and second primary mode response voltages of first and second pickoff sensors for the primary vibration mode; and
generating a meter stiffness value using the first and second primary mode currents and the first and second primary mode response voltages, the meter stiffness value being a 2×2 matrix including a cross stiffness term KLR and a cross stiffness term KRL,
wherein the primary vibration mode is a natural vibration mode of the one or more flow tubes.

US Pat. No. 11,029,182

MAGNETIC-INDUCTIVE FLOWMETER AND METHOD FOR MEASURING THE FLOW VELOCITY OF LOW CONDUCTIVITY MEDIA WITH A NARROWING MEASURING TUBE AND A FIELD GUIDE-BACK DEVICE

1. A method for measuring a flow velocity or a volume flow of a medium using a magneto-inductive flow measuring device, the method comprising:leading the medium to a measuring tube of the flow measuring device via a pipeline, wherein the flow measuring device further includes at least a first coil system and two measuring electrodes coupled with the medium within the measuring tube;
producing a magnetic field using the at least first coil system such that the magnetic field extends substantially perpendicular to a first longitudinal axis of the measuring tube and induces a flow-dependent voltage in the medium;
at least partially leading the magnetic field away from the measuring tube between the first coil system and a side of the measuring tube opposite the first coil system using a field guide-back, which includes two guide-back sheet metal pieces disposed on opposing sides of the measuring tube, each adjacent a lateral side of the first coil core and separated from each other by an air gap, wherein the first coil core is adapted to at least partially lead the magnetic field between the measuring tube and the field guide-back;
registering the flow-dependent voltage using the two measuring electrodes; and
determining the flow velocity or the volume flow of the medium using the registered flow-dependent voltage,
wherein the pipeline has a first narrowing and/or the measuring tube has a second narrowing, which are/is arranged on an upstream side of the flow measuring device, and wherein the first narrowing and/or the second narrowing have/has a flow-shedding edge on a downstream side thereof, and wherein the medium is a liquid with an electrical conductivity of at most 20 ?S/cm.

US Pat. No. 11,029,181

VORTEX FLOWMETER WITH FLOW INSTABILITY DETECTION

MICRO MOTION, INC., Boul...

1. A vortex flowmeter for measuring a flow rate of a process fluid, comprising:a vortex generator arranged to generate vortices in a flow of the process fluid;
a vortex sensor arranged to sense the vortices in the flow of the process fluid and responsively provide a sensor output related to the flow rate of the process fluid;
measurement circuitry configured to receive the sensor output and provide a digital output indicative of flow of process fluid including errors in flow measurement due to instability in the flow of process fluid;
a memory configured to store measurements based upon the digital output; and
diagnostic circuitry coupled to the memory arranged to detect the instability in the flow of the process fluid during steady state operation based upon the measurements stored in the memory.

US Pat. No. 11,029,180

FLUID METERING COMPONENT AND SPRAYING APPARATUSES THEREOF

1. A fluid metering device comprising:a housing including an isolated fluid conduit integrally formed in the housing;
a metering assembly positioned within the isolated fluid conduit;
an electronics assembly positioned within the housing isolated from the isolated fluid conduit; and
a power assembly positioned within the housing isolated from the isolated fluid conduit.

US Pat. No. 11,029,179

SENSOR CALIBRATION ENCLOSURES AND METHODS OF USING SENSOR CALIBRATION ENCLOSURES TO CALIBRATE VEHICLE SENSORS

1. A calibration enclosure, comprising:a body comprising an interior surface; and
one or more projections disposed at one or more locations on the interior surface of the body, each one of the one or more projections providing an encoded signal that is usable for calibrating a vehicle sensor when the calibration enclosure is placed over a vehicle comprising the vehicle sensor such that the calibration enclosure covers the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 11,029,178

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A HEATABLE SENSOR IN AN EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERE

1. An encapsulation device for operating a sensor in an explosive atmosphere, the encapsulation device comprising:a receiving space designed to receive the sensor;
a protective housing having at least one gas-permeable wall portion that permits gas exchange between an interior space of the encapsulation device and an environment of the encapsulation device through the gas-permeable wall portion;
a quenching volume arranged to extend along an inner side of the protective housing and filled with a filling material, the quenching volume at least partially surrounding the receiving space; and
a gas-permeable filter element, which is disposed between the quenching volume and the receiving space and bounds the quenching volume with respect to the receiving space.

US Pat. No. 11,029,177

PRESSURE COMPENSATED SENSORS

BAKER HUGHES HOLDINGS LLC...

1. A pressure compensated sensor system, comprising:a housing extending along a longitudinal axis between a proximal end and a distal end and defining a cavity therein;
an inner tube positioned within the housing and extending in the direction of the longitudinal axis;
a seal positioned within the cavity and extending laterally with respect to the longitudinal axis between the housing and the inner tube, the seal dividing the cavity into a first fluidly sealed cavity portion and a second cavity portion configured for exposure to a fluid environment surrounding the housing;
a cap directly secured to the distal end of the housing, wherein the first cavity portion includes a cap volume defined by the cap;
one or more sensing elements positioned within the cap volume; and
an incompressible fluid disposed within the first cavity portion;
wherein the seal is configured to move in response to pressure differences between the first cavity portion and the second cavity portion.

US Pat. No. 11,029,176

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR VIBRATION DETECTION WITH NO LOSS OF POSITION INFORMATION USING A MAGNETIC FIELD SENSOR

Allegro MicroSystems, LLC...

1. A method of detecting a vibration of a target object with a magnetic field sensor, the method comprising:generating one or more detector output signals having state transitions at times determined by applying a threshold to a magnetic field signal generated by one or more magnetic field sensing elements of the magnetic field sensor in response to a magnetic field affected by the target object;
determining a vibration flag indicative of a vibration of the target object has been set during a running mode of the magnetic field sensor;
entering a vibration mode of the magnetic field sensor when the vibration flag has been set;
holding positive peak values and negative peak values of the magnetic field signal during the vibration mode of the magnetic field sensor;
providing direction information for the target object during the vibration mode of the magnetic field sensor based on the one or more detector output signals; and
returning to a running mode of the magnetic field sensor after a predetermined number of state transitions of the one or more detector output signals with no further vibration flags set.

US Pat. No. 11,029,175

METHOD FOR PROCESSING A MEASUREMENT SIGNAL FROM A PRESSURE MEASUREMENT CELL, AND A MEASUREMENT CELL ARRANGEMENT

INFICON AG, Balzers (LI)...

1. A method of determining a pressure in a process chamber having a membrane pressure cell therein, in accordance with a specification of a vacuum process, wherein the method comprises:determining, in a signal processor a measuring signal that is at least proportional to a measured pressure in the membrane pressure cell,
generating an output signal using a filter unit comprising a transfer function derived from the measuring signal by at least reducing a noise signal contained in the measuring signal, wherein the transfer function is defined by the formula
yn=?xn+(1??)yn-1
wherein yn is a time-discrete output signal, xn is a time-discrete measuring signal, ? is a variable whose value depends on the change over time of the measuring signal, and n is a time-dependent index,
determining a change over time of the measuring signal, and
processing, in the signal processor, the measuring signal in a fast path for generating an output pulse, wherein the output pulse of the fast path is active for at least as long as the determined change over time of the measuring signal over three sampling intervals is greater than the noise signal acquired in the same time period, which noise signal is contained in the measuring signal or in a measuring signal change acquired in the same time period,
wherein the output pulse is provided by a control unit to a valve actuator, to control the pressure in the process chamber.

US Pat. No. 11,029,174

TERMINAL DEVICE, GROUP COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, AND GROUP COMMUNICATION METHOD

JVC KENWOOD Corporation, ...

1. A terminal device included in a group communication system comprising multiple terminal devices installed in movable objects that are different from each other as one terminal device and a server which is provided independently of the multiple terminal devices and which receives and transmits information from and to the multiple terminal devices and installed in one movable object, comprising:a communication unit configured to transmit and receive information;
an input unit configured to receive input of voice of occupants in a movable object as state information; and
a controller configured to:
determine whether a predetermined state change has occurred in the movable object based on the state information;
acquire, as attention information, state-changed position information indicating a state-changed position that is a position of the movable object when the predetermined state change has occurred and attention voice information including an attention content for the state-changed position as voice of the occupants in association with each other when it is determined that the predetermined state change has occurred; and
cause the communication unit to transmit the attention information to a server; and
an output unit configured to output information, wherein
the communication unit is further configured to receive, through the server, the attention information that is transmitted from other terminal devices installed in the movable objects other than the one movable object,
the controller is further configured to cause the output unit to output the attention information received from the server, and
the server is configured to, in response to receiving the attention information from the terminal device, identify the terminal device that is a transmission source of the attention information, add identification information of the terminal device that is the transmission source to the attention information, and transmit the attention information to the other terminal devices.

US Pat. No. 11,029,173

VENUES MAP APPLICATION AND SYSTEM

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A method comprising:presenting, by a mapping application running on a computing device, a first two-dimensional (2D) representation of a venue on an outdoor map on a display of the computing device, the first 2D representation comprising an outdoor structure of the venue;
receiving, by the mapping application, a first user input zooming-in on the first 2D representation; and
in response to the zooming-in input, transitioning, by the mapping application, from the first 2D representation to a second three-dimensional (3D) representation, the transition comprising animating a rise of a 3D structure of at least one indoor point of interest inside the venue on a first indoor map of the venue.

US Pat. No. 11,029,172

REAL SCENARIO NAVIGATION METHOD AND APPARATUS, DEVICE AND COMPUTER READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM

BAIDU ONLINE NETWORK TECH...

1. A real scenario navigation method, wherein the method comprises:obtaining a travel manner, a query starting point, a query finishing point and a destination provided by a user;
performing navigation map-based first travel manner path planning, according to the travel manner, the query starting point and the query finishing point;
if the user reaches the query finishing point and a distance between the query finishing point and the destination is smaller than or equal to a preset distance threshold, performing real-scenario image-based second travel manner path planning, according to the query finishing point and the destination,
wherein the performing real-scenario image-based second travel manner path planning, according to the query finishing point and the destination comprises:
using an image-collecting device to collect real-scenario images around a location where the user lies;
performing navigation map-based second travel manner path planning, according to the query finishing point and the destination; and
outputting a planning result of the second travel manner path planning based on the real-scenario images around the location where the user lies.

US Pat. No. 11,029,171

USER FAMILIARIZATION WITH A NOVEL ROUTE FOR REDUCING COGNITIVE LOAD ASSOCIATED WITH NAVIGATION

HERE Global B.V., Eindho...

1. A method comprising:receiving, via a network apparatus comprising at least one processor, at least one memory, and at least one communication interface configured to communicate via at least one network, navigation data, the navigation data comprising a plurality of point of interest (POI) models, each POI model being a representation of a POI;
analyzing, via the network apparatus, at least a portion of the plurality of POI models based on a data extraction model to determine a link between two or more POIs based on POI models corresponding to the two or more POIs, wherein the link between the two or more POIs is determined based on both (a) the two or more POIs being located within a predefined distance of one another and (b) a logical relationship between the two or more POIs, wherein the logical relationship corresponds to an expected effect on traffic in the vicinity of the two or more POIs;
generating, via the network apparatus, an entity of interest (EOI) model based on the POI models corresponding to the two or more POIs, the determined link, and the data extraction model;
storing, via the network apparatus, the EOI model as an EOI data record in a geographic database; and
at least one of:
performing, by the network apparatus and based at least in part on at least a portion of the EOI data record, one or more navigation functions, or
providing, by the network apparatus, at least a portion of the EOI data record such that a computing device receives the at least a portion of the EOI data record and performs one or more navigation functions based at least in part on the at least a portion of the EOI data record.

US Pat. No. 11,029,170

PREDICTING USER INTENT IN NAVIGATION INFORMATION

Facebook, Inc., Menlo Pa...

1. A method comprising:receiving, from a first server by a second server, navigation information associated with a given period of time;
receiving, from a client device of a user by the second server, signals indicating geographical locations of interest to the user;
determining, by a model of the second server using the signals, a stage of the user, the stage selected from a plurality of stages each representing a different time frame in which the user is to purchase an asset for traveling to one or more geographical locations of a plurality of geographical locations;
determining, by the model using the stage of the user, a value of the user;
determining the time frame in which the user is predicted to purchase the asset for traveling represented by the determined stage of the user is within the given period of time associated with the navigation information;
responsive to the second server transmitting the value and the determination that the time frame in which the user is predicted to purchase the asset for traveling represented by the determined stage of the user is within the given period of time associated with the navigation information to the first server:
receiving, by the second server from the first server, a request to present the navigation information to the user; and
transmitting the navigation information to the client device by the end of the given period of time associated with the navigation information.

US Pat. No. 11,029,169

NAVIGATION SERVICE METHOD FOR PROVIDING UNUSABLE ROUTE INFORMATION RELATED TO EMERGENCY AREA AND SERVER APPARATUS FOR THE SAME

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. A method in which a server provides route information related to an emergency area to a terminal that is capable of calculating a route, comprising:constructing an emergency area resource that includes unusable route information related to an emergency area; and
receiving trip parameters from multiple applications and transmitting a link, through which the emergency area resource is accessible, to an application, the trip parameter of which includes a request to provide unusable route information related to an emergency area, wherein transmitting the link is configured to transmit a link, through which a same emergency area resource is accessible, to applications that request provision of unusable route information related to a same emergency area
wherein a user of the terminal is able to provide unusable route information to the emergency area resource for use by other terminals,
wherein the constructing of the emergency area resource includes:
constructing the emergency area resource so as to include information about a route expected to be unusable in a future; and
transmitting a notification message including an identifier of the information about the route expected to be unusable, when the route expected to be unusable becomes unusable, the identifier of the information about the route expected to be unusable used for updating the unusable route information by the terminal which receives the notification message.

US Pat. No. 11,029,168

METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING OPTIMAL VEHICLE PATHS WHEN ENERGY IS A KEY METRIC OR CONSTRAINT

The Government of the Uni...

1. An apparatus comprising:one of a mobile platform and a fixed platform; and
a non-transitory computer-readable medium storing instructions that, when executed by a computer on the one of a mobile platform and a fixed platform, cause the computer to carry out a method for determining an energy-optimal path for a vehicle from an initial location to a final location, the vehicle corresponding to a vehicle energy model, the method comprising:
generating based at least on the initial location, an initial time, the final location, the vehicle energy model, and an environmental forecast a global path, the global path comprising a final maximum net energy path, the global path comprising a plurality of waypoints;
generating based on the global path a local path from the present location to a next waypoint of the plurality of waypoints, said generating a local path comprising determining whether a net energy gain is generated by a deviation from the global path to the next waypoint of the plurality of waypoints; and
repeating said generating a local path until the vehicle reaches the final location.

US Pat. No. 11,029,167

PROBABILISTIC NAVIGATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

Beijing Voyager Technolog...

1. A method, comprising:obtaining a map of an environment comprising a plurality of objects each associated with a probability model, each of the probability models at least describing one or more probability fields of a vehicle colliding with at least one of the plurality of objects;
obtaining, using the vehicle, one or more global factors from one or more data stores;
obtaining, using one or more sensors, one or more local factors;
updating the probability fields of the probability models based on the one or more global factors and the one or more local factors, wherein the global factors apply to all of the objects, and the local factors apply to a portion of the objects, wherein at least a first global factor has a first degree of influence for a particular object of the plurality of objects, and wherein the first global factor has a second degree of influence for another object of the plurality of objects, the updating including adjusting a rate of decay for at least one of the probability fields of a corresponding probability model of the plurality of probability models;
determining a navigation for the vehicle through at least a part of the environment based at least on a total collision probability of the vehicle with at least one of the plurality of objects along the navigation according to the updated probability models; and
causing, in response to determining the navigation, the navigation of the vehicle through at least the part of the environment.

US Pat. No. 11,029,166

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR RESERVING A CARPOOLING SERVICE

BEIJING DIDI INFINITY TEC...

1. A system for reserving a carpooling service, comprising:at least one storage medium including a set of instructions for reserving a carpooling service; and
at least one processor in communication with the storage medium, wherein when executing the set of instructions, the at least one processor is directed to:
obtain, from a first passenger terminal, a first service request including a first start location and a first destination;
determine at least one first recommended time based on the first start location and the first destination;
obtain a first start time from the first passenger terminal, wherein the first start time is selected from the at least one first recommended time by the first passenger terminal;
obtain, from a second passenger terminal, a second service request including a second start location and a second destination after the obtaining of the first service request; and
determine a second recommended time for the second passenger terminal based on the first start location, the second start location, and the first start time, wherein the first passenger carpools with the second passenger, the first passenger departs at the first start time, and the second passenger departs at the second recommended time.

US Pat. No. 11,029,165

SENSOR INTEGRATION AND SYNCHRONIZATION UNIT FOR AN AUTONOMOUS DRIVING VEHICLE

BAIDU USA LLC, Sunnyvale...

1. A sensor unit utilized in an autonomous driving vehicle, the sensor unit comprising:a sensor interface to be coupled to a plurality of sensors mounted on a plurality of locations of an autonomous driving vehicle (ADV);
a host interface to be coupled to a host system, wherein the host system is configured to perceive a driving environment surrounding the ADV based on sensor data obtained from the plurality of sensors and to plan a path to autonomously drive the ADV;
a sensor control module coupled to the sensor interface, the sensor control module configured to control activation of capture of sensor data for each sensor in the plurality of sensors in accordance with a transmit timestamp for the sensor, the transmit timestamp received from a time module;
a sensor processing module coupled to the sensor interface, the sensor processing module configured to process sensor data captured by each sensor in the plurality of sensors in accordance with a receive timestamp for the sensor, the receive timestamp received from the time module;
and
the time module coupled to the sensor processing module and the sensor control module to generate the transmit timestamps to synchronize timing of transmission of control commands to each of the plurality of sensors, wherein the transmit timestamps indicate an ordering and a timing that sensor data is captured by each sensor in the plurality of sensors, and to generate receive timestamps to synchronize the timing that the sensor data captured by each sensor in the plurality of sensors is processed, wherein the receive timestamps indicate an ordering and a timing that the sensor data of each sensor in the plurality of sensors is processed.

US Pat. No. 11,029,164

DYNAMIC DETERMINATION OF ROUTE CONCLUSION BEFORE REACHING DESTINATION

General Motors LLC, Detr...

1. A method of providing navigation instructions in a vehicle, comprising:(a) initiating a navigation guidance session to a destination for the vehicle at a telematics unit installed to the vehicle;
(b) determining that the vehicle has been parked in a parking location at a park time before the vehicle reaches the destination, the parking location being within a predetermined maximum distance of the destination;
(c) determining that a user has left the vehicle while the vehicle is in the parking location;
(d) in response to the determinations in steps (b) and (c), determining (1) a pedestrian travel distance from the parking location to the destination, and (2) a pedestrian travel time for the determined pedestrian travel distance;
(e) detecting a vehicle restart;
(f) determining a park time duration from at least the park time and the vehicle restart; and
(g1) continuing the navigation guidance session when the park time duration is less than the pedestrian travel time; and
(g2) terminating the navigation guidance session when the park time duration is at least equal to the pedestrian travel time.

US Pat. No. 11,029,163

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR IDENTIFYING AND RECOMMENDING VEHICLE LOCATIONS TO FACILITATE DATA TRANSFER

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:a processor configured to:
determine that a data transfer is requested for a vehicle and is designated for execution over a network having at least a predefined speed;
identify parking that is within a first predefined distance from a destination location and that overlaps with identified areas of network coverage meeting a or exceeding the predefined speed; and
display visual indicators of the identified parking, when the vehicle is within a second predefined distance from the identified parking.

US Pat. No. 11,029,162

GATEWAY COST DATA SETS FOR FAST ROUTING

HERE GLOBAL B.V., Eindho...

1. A computer program product comprising a non-transitory computer readable storage medium having program code portions stored thereon, the program code portions configured, upon execution by at least one processor, to:create at least one cost data set associated with a navigation data set for a navigation data source, said navigation data source comprising:
a cost data set associated with a navigation data set, said navigation data set representing a map of a geographic region and defining a plurality of gateways, each gateway of said plurality of gateways being associated with a position at said geographic region and being associable with a gateway of a further navigation data set representing a map of a further geographic region, wherein the map of the geographic region and the map of the further geographic region are each renderable via a display device, wherein the map of the geographic region and the map of the further geographic region each comprise coordinate data associated with a global navigation satellite system,
wherein said cost data set comprises cost data and cost threshold data, said cost data defining for at least a part of possible gateway pairs of said plurality of gateways at least a cost value, each cost value indicating a cost for a route between gateways of a respective gateway pair, and wherein the cost threshold data defines a maximum cost used for validation of the navigation data set.

US Pat. No. 11,029,161

POSITION DETERMINATION DEVICE AND METHOD

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A position determination device, comprising:a data input circuitry configured to obtain at least one magnetic field vector sensed by a magnetic sensor,
a data processor circuitry configured to determine the magnetic magnitude and a further magnetic parameter of the at least one obtained magnetic field vector,
a comparison circuitry configured to compare the determined magnetic magnitude with a predetermined magnetic magnitude map of a region around the magnetic sensor to obtain a first estimate of the sensor position and to compare the determined further magnetic parameter with a corresponding predetermined further parameter map of a region around the magnetic sensor to obtain a second estimate of the sensor position,
a weight determination circuitry configured to determine weight information indicating the reliability of the first and/or second estimate of the sensor position and/or the relative weight of the first estimate with respect to the second estimate, wherein the weight information is determined based on a local variation of one or more of the magnetic magnitude in the magnetic magnitude map in a local sensor area, wherein the weight of the first estimate is decreased corresponding to less variation in the magnetic magnitude in the local sensor area, and the further magnetic parameter in the further parameter map in the local sensor area, and
a position determination circuitry configured to weight the first and second estimates of the sensor position according to the determined weight information and to determine the sensor position from the weighted first and second estimates,
wherein a radius range of the local sensor area is adjusted dynamically based on the local variation of one or more of the magnetic magnitude map and the further magnetic parameter map, wherein the radius range is increased corresponding to more variation in the local sensor area.

US Pat. No. 11,029,160

PROJECTORS, PROJECTOR SYSTEMS, AND METHODS OF NAVIGATING TERRAIN USING PROJECTED IMAGES

HAMILTON SUNSTRAND CORPOR...

1. A projector, comprising:a light source arranged along an optical axis;
a reticle optically coupled to the light source along the optical axis;
a projection lens optically coupled to the reticle along the optical axis,
wherein the reticle has a navigation feature defined thereon for displaying an image of the navigation feature projected along the optical axis on terrain disposed within a field of view of the projector; and
a micro display arranged on the reticle and configured to form one or more of a grid pattern, a water or ice tag, a mineral tag and an overlay of the terrain disposed within the field of view of the projector.

US Pat. No. 11,029,159

NAVIGATION SYSTEM

ATLANTIC INERTIAL SYSTEMS...

1. A terrain-based navigation system comprising:at least three laser range finders, each fixedly mounted to a vehicle body, each pointing in a different direction and arranged such that they can be used to calculate terrain gradient in two dimensions; and
a processor arranged to:
receive range data from each of the laser range finders;
receive attitude data on the attitude of the vehicle body,
process the range data and the attitude data to generate terrain profile information; and
correlate the terrain profile information with stored terrain map data to estimate a position of the vehicle body.

US Pat. No. 11,029,158

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MOVABLE OBJECT TRACKING AND ANALYSIS

SZ DJI TECHNOLOGY CO., LT...

1. A method of movable object event analysis, comprising:obtaining a process log for a movable object manager of a movable object, the movable object manager operating in a software environment;
obtaining a movement record of the movable object from two or more sensors including two or more of a global positioning system (GPS) sensor, a motion sensor, an inertial measurement unit (IMU), a proximity sensor, an image sensor, an attitude and heading reference system (AHRS), a radar sensor, a lidar sensor, an ultrasound sensor, and an infrared sensor;
analyzing a movable object event of the movable object by correlating the process log with the movement record to determine a cause of the movable object event; and
taking a remedial action based on the determined cause of the movable object event.

US Pat. No. 11,029,157

AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE NAVIGATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

Aurora Flight Sciences Co...

1. An aerial vehicle comprising:an acoustic system coupled to the aerial vehicle and configured to provide a plurality of acoustic fields of view via a plurality of acoustic transceivers that are oriented toward a direction of travel of the aerial vehicle, wherein the acoustic system is configured to employ a beamforming technique and to aggregate at least a portion of the plurality of acoustic fields of view to acoustically identify obstacles;
a processor operatively coupled to the acoustic system, wherein, upon detection of an obstacle by the acoustic system, the processor is configured to calculate dynamically a dodging maneuver for the aerial vehicle to avoid the obstacle; and
a steering mechanism to steer the aerial vehicle in response to commands from the processor, wherein the steering mechanism comprises a plurality of rotors to provide lift to the aerial vehicle, wherein the steering mechanism is configured to effectuate the dodging maneuver in response to commands from the processor.

US Pat. No. 11,029,156

AIRCRAFT MAGNETIC DECLINATOR SYSTEM

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. An inertial reference system comprising:a magnetic declinator unit, wherein the magnetic declinator unit:
receives inertial reference data from an inertial reference unit in the inertial reference system in an aircraft, wherein the inertial reference data includes magnetic declination data for a current position of the aircraft;
determines replacement magnetic declination data for the current position of the aircraft from data previously stored within the aircraft;
replaces the magnetic declination data of the inertial reference data with the replacement magnetic declination data to form replacement magnetic navigation data for the aircraft at the current position of the aircraft;
replaces magnetic navigation data in the inertial reference data with the replacement magnetic navigation data for the aircraft to form adjusted inertial reference data; and
sends the adjusted inertial reference data to a number of aircraft systems that use the adjusted inertial reference data during operation of the aircraft.

US Pat. No. 11,029,155

HIGH-PRECISION POSITION DETERMINATION FOR VEHICLES

SIEMENS MOBILITY GMBH, M...

1. A method for increased high-precision position determination of of vehicles including devices for wireless communication with intelligent infrastructure devices, a precise position of the intelligent infrastructure device being known and the vehicles exchanging status information with the intelligent infrastructure devices at predefined time intervals, and the intelligent infrastructure devices have devices for determining a direction of the received signals carrying the status information, the method comprising:sending status information from the vehicles to the intelligent infrastructure devices based on wireless access in vehicular environments (WAVE)/Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) standards, said status information comprising at least a vehicle identifier and information about a speed and the direction of the vehicle;
determining the position of the vehicles via trigonometric methods from consecutive sets of status information, the associated known time intervals, a direction of signals carrying the status information and the position of the intelligent infrastructure devices to provide the increased high-precision position determination of the vehicles;
determining a distance traveled by the vehicle in a time interval from at least two sets of transmitted status information; determining a direction of the consecutive signals carrying the status information;
determining a position of the vehicles relative to the intelligent infrastructure devices via the trigonometric methods from the directions of the consecutive signals, and from the distance traveled; and
determining an absolute position of the vehicles from an absolute position of the intelligent infrastructure devices and the relative position of the vehicles.

US Pat. No. 11,029,154

DEFLECTING DEVICE AND SURVEYING INSTRUMENT

TOPCON CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A deflecting device comprising:a holding member having a ring shape;
ring gears disposed on both sides of the holding member with the holding member interposed between the ring gears, the ring gears being concentric with the holding member;
bearings disposed between the holding member and the ring gears on both sides of the holding member, the bearings being concentric with the holding member;
optical deflecting members disposed at central portions of the ring gears and integrated with the ring gears;
deflection motors corresponding to the respective ring gears; and
a drive transmitting member configured to transmit rotary force of the deflection motors to the ring gears;
wherein each of the bearings includes an outer ring fitted into and fixed to an outer ring fitting section on either one of the holding member and the corresponding ring gear,
each of the bearings includes an inner ring fitted into and fixed to an inner ring fitting section on the other of the holding member and the corresponding ring gear,
the ring gears on both sides of the holding member are supported by the holding member, the ring gears being configured to rotate independently of each other, and
the deflection motors are configured to independently rotate the respective optical deflecting members together with the ring gears.

US Pat. No. 11,029,153

LENGTH MEASUREMENT ON AN OBJECT BY TAKING BEARINGS ON MEASURING POINTS BY MEANS OF A LASER MEASURING MODULE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A system, comprising:a laser measuring module configured to provide a length measurement; and
at least one display module configured to electronically display at least one measuring point associated with the length measurement and further configured to be separate from the laser measuring module, bearings of the at least one measuring point being taken using the laser measuring module,
wherein the bearings are transmitted to the at least one display module such that the display module electronically displays in real time the at least one measuring point only when a field of view of the display module overlaps a portion of a field of view of the laser measuring module that contains the at least one measuring point, and
wherein the at least one display module is configured to be fastened proximate to an eye of a user such that the field of view of the display module corresponds to a field of view of the user.

US Pat. No. 11,029,152

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR GENERATING POSITIONAL SENSOR DATA OF A COORDINATE MEASURING DEVICE

Carl Zeiss Industrielle M...

1. A method for generating positional sensor data of a coordinate measuring device, the method comprising:generating, by a sensor, sensor data points;
generating a sensor data record, the sensor data record including at least one sensor data point and at least one sensor data time;
generating, by the sensor, a trigger signal having a trigger frequency;
transmitting the trigger signal to a device for determining a sensor position;
generating a position data record upon or after receiving the trigger signal, the position data record including at least one position data point and at least one position data time;
simultaneously capturing the at least one position data time and the at least one position data point;
assigning the at least one position data point to the at least one sensor data point by matching the at least one sensor data time and the at least one position data time, wherein the at least one position data time and the at least one sensor data time are defined in a common time system; and
generating a positional sensor data record, the positional sensor data record including at least one sensor data point and a position data point assigned to the at least one sensor data point.

US Pat. No. 11,029,151

TRAVERSE-TYPE MEASUREMENT METHOD FOR DUAL-SYSTEM BILATERAL-SURVEY COMPOSITE LEVEL

DALIAN SENBIOR SURVEYING ...

1. A traverse-type measurement method for a dual-system bilateral-survey composite level, comprising the following steps:Step 1: measuring instrument parameter information;
Step 2: determining start and end measurement points of a measurement section, and placing a composite level A at the start measurement point;
Step 3: placing instruments and establishing survey stations;
Step 4: setting an initial number of observations and setting k=1, wherein k is a current survey station setup stage number;
Step 5: separately observing readings on the composite level A and a composite level B according to the set number of observations, and separately calculating errors of the readings;
Step 6: determining whether the errors of the readings exceed a limit,
wherein if the errors do not exceed the limit, Step 7 is performed; if any error exceeds the limit, the number of observations is increased and it is determined whether the number of observations exceeds a threshold M; if the number of observations does not exceed M, Step 5 is performed again, and if the number of observations exceeds M, a front measurement point is moved to reduce a survey station distance, and then it is determined whether the survey station distance Dk is less than a threshold D0; if Dk is less than D0, the measurement is ended; otherwise, Step 3 is performed again;
Step 7: calculating an average reading of the composite level A as a survey station height difference hkA of the level A; calculating an average reading of the composite level B as a survey station height difference hkB of the level B; and calculating a mutual deviation ?AB between the survey station height differences of the two levels;
Step 8: determining whether |?AB| exceeds tolerance ?0,
wherein if |?AB| does not exceed ?0, Step 9 is performed; and
if |?AB| exceeds ?0, the number of observations is increased and then it is determined whether the number of observations exceeds the threshold M; if the number of observations does not exceed M, Step 5 is performed again, and if the number of observations exceeds M, the front measurement point is moved to reduce the survey station distance, and then it is determined whether the survey station distance Dk is less than the threshold D0; if Dk is less than D0, the measurement is ended; otherwise, Step 3 is performed again;
Step 9: calculating an average of the survey station height differences of the two levels as a height difference hk of the current survey station;
Step 10: calculating a cumulative survey station height difference HkA of the composite level A; and calculating a cumulative survey station height difference HkB of the composite level B;
Step 11: calculating a difference ?AB between the cumulative survey station height differences of the two levels;
Step 12: determining whether |?AB| exceeds tolerance ?0,
wherein if |?AB| exceeds ?0, the front measurement point is moved to reduce the survey station distance, and then it is determined whether the survey station distance Dk is less than the threshold D0; if Dk is less than D0, the measurement is ended; otherwise, Step 3 is performed again; and
if |?AB| does not exceed ?0, Step 13 is performed;
Step 13: calculating a sum Hk of all survey station height differences; and
Step 14: determining whether the composite level A is placed at the end measurement point; if not, moving a composite level on a rear measurement point, setting k to be equal to k+1, and performing Step 3 again; if yes, ending the measurement.

US Pat. No. 11,029,150

OBJECT DISTANCE DETECTION DEVICE

Hitachi Automotive System...

1. An object distance detection device comprising:a plurality of imaging units;
an object information acquisition unit that is configured to, i) acquire object information including distance information of an object, and ii) detect the object from an image acquires from one of the plurality of imaging units, iii) detect a distance to the object;
a search condition setting unit that is configured to set a condition for searching, for an image element corresponding to a specific image element inside a standard image captured by one of the plurality of imaging units, inside a reference image captured by an imagine unit other than the unit that captured the specific image element inside a standard image, wherein
the condition for searching includes both a search range and a processing area, and
the search condition setting unit includes;
a processing area setting unit is configured to set, within the reference image, the processing area including the object obtained by the object information acquisition unit, and
a search range setting unit that is configured to set the range for the search on the basis of the distance information of the object included in the objection information detected by the object information acquisition unit, and
a stereo distance detection unit that is configured to: i) perform the search on the basis of the condition for searching set by the search condition setting unit, and to ii) detect a detailed distance of the object on the basis of a parallax obtained by the search.

US Pat. No. 11,029,149

MULTIPATH MITIGATION FOR TIME OF FLIGHT SYSTEM

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A physical hardware system to provide multipath mitigation in a time-of-flight (ToF) system, comprising:a camera configured to acquire k images, k being two or more, represented by k matrices in response to illuminating a target with a light source using a first spatial pattern at k different light frequencies and to acquire an additional k+1th image represented by an additional matrix in response to illuminating the target with the light source using a second spatial pattern, the second spatial pattern being different than the first spatial pattern;
a denoising module configured to generate a denoising coefficient matrix based on a kernel matrix applied to each of the k+1 images; and
an image analyzer to apply the denoising coefficient to the two or more matrices and the additional k+1th matrix and to determine one or more parameters of a direct component of light and a global component of light received at the camera from the target.

US Pat. No. 11,029,148

FEED-FORWARD OF MULTI-LAYER AND MULTI-PROCESS INFORMATION USING XPS AND XRF TECHNOLOGIES

NOVA MEASURING INSTRUMENT...

1. A method for thin film characterization of a sample, comprising: measuring first XPS and/or XRF intensity signals for the sample, having a first layer above at least one underneath layer, the first XPS and/or XRF intensity signals including information for the first layer and for the at least one underneath layer; determining at least one of a thickness or a composition of the first layer based on the first XPS and/or XRF intensity signals; combining the information for the first layer and for the at least one underneath layer; measuring second XPS and/or XRF intensity signals for an inspected sample having a second layer above the first layer, the second XPS and/or XRF intensity signals including information for the second layer, for the first layer and for the at least one underneath layer; determining at least one of a thickness or a composition of the second layer based on the second XPS and/or XRF intensity signals.

US Pat. No. 11,029,147

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR FACILITATING SURGERY USING AN AUGMENTED REALITY SYSTEM

Magic Leap, Inc., Planta...

1. A method for facilitating surgery using a display device worn on the head of a first user, comprising:the display device receiving patient data relating to a surgical procedure on a patient;
the display device tracking a head pose of a first user relative to a physical location;
the display device rendering virtual content comprising a virtual three-dimensional (3D) anatomical model based on the received patient data and the tracked head pose of the first user; and
the display device displaying the virtual content while worn on the head of the first user such that the virtual 3D anatomical model, when viewed by the first user, appears to be fixed at the physical location, whereby the virtual 3D anatomical model may be viewed by the first user from any angle or orientation merely by walking around the physical location.

US Pat. No. 11,029,146

THREE-DIMENSIONAL SENSOR WITH COUNTERPOSED CHANNELS

CyberOptics Corporation, ...

1. An optical phase profilometry system, comprising:a first operative coaxial camera-projector pair aligned at a first angle relative to a target surface that projects a first illumination on the target surface;
a second operative coaxial camera-projector pair aligned at a second angle relative to the target surface that projects a second illumination on the target surface;
wherein the first and second angles are equal and opposite to one another relative to the target surface such that the second operative coaxial camera-projector pair is configured to capture a first reflection from the first illumination and the first operative coaxial camera projector-pair is configured to capture a second reflection from the second illumination; and
a controller configured to, based on the captured first and second reflections, generate a first and second estimation, each estimation comprising a respective point cloud of the target surface, and iteratively refine erroneous points in the first and second point clouds by moving each erroneous point in one point cloud toward a corresponding erroneous point in the other point cloud along the respective erroneous point's reflection ray, the controller being configured to merge the iteratively refined first and second point clouds to generate a dimensional profile of the target surface.

US Pat. No. 11,029,145

PROJECTION DEVICE AND PROJECTION METHOD

1. A projection device comprising:an illuminating unit for emitting light; and,
a projection unit having a mirror surface, the projection unit configured to project the light emitted by the illuminating unit using the mirror surface into an object space and to shape it into different spatially structured light patterns in the object space;
wherein
the mirror surface is deformable, at least in regions, and in that the projection unit, for shaping the different spatially structured light patterns in the object space, has at least one actuator for deforming the mirror surface, at least in regions; and
wherein the mirror surface has a fixed microstructure configured for shaping high-frequency spatial structures of the spatially structured light patterns, and wherein the fixed microstructure is formed on the mirror surface separately from the deforming caused by the at least one actuator.

US Pat. No. 11,029,144

SUPER-RAPID THREE-DIMENSIONAL TOPOGRAPHY MEASUREMENT METHOD AND SYSTEM BASED ON IMPROVED FOURIER TRANSFORM CONTOUR TECHNIQUE

NANJING UNIVERSITY OF SCI...

1. A three-dimensional topography measurement method based on an improved Fourier transform contour technique, the method comprising the steps of:firstly calibrating a measurement system to obtain calibration parameters, the measurement system being composed of a projector, a camera and a computer;
cyclically projecting n (n?2) patterns and m (m=n) all-white images into a measured scene using the projector,
wherein the n patterns are binary sinusoidal fringes with different high frequency fringes, and the m all-white images are with values of 1;
projecting the m all-white images between every two binary high-frequency sinusoidal fringes and synchronously acquiring n+m images using the camera;
using a background normalized Fourier transform contour method to obtain a wrapped phase;
using temporal phase unwrapping with projection distance minimization (PDM) method to obtain initial absolute phases;
using a reliability guided compensation (RGC) of fringe order error method to correct the initial absolute phase; and
finally reconstructing a three-dimensional topography of the measured scene with the corrected absolute phases and the calibration parameters to obtain 3D spatial coordinates of the measured scene in a world coordinate system, thereby accomplishing three-dimensional topography measurement of an object.

US Pat. No. 11,029,143

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPTICAL SURFACE MEASUREMENT BY MEANS OF A CHROMATIC CONFOCAL SENSOR

Nanofocus AG, Oberhausen...

1. A method for the optical measurement of technical surfaces by means of a chromatic confocal sensor, wherein light from at least one light source is directed to the surface of a sample to be measured via an optical system with defined chromatic aberration,wherein the light source is tuned in relation to the wavelength to be emitted and the light reflected back from the sample surface is directed to at least one photosensor, wherein the sensor signal is measured over time and, the time and intensity of a signal maximum are determined and evaluated, wherein the height Z of the surface is derived from the wavelength of the light source at the time of the signal maximum,
whereby the time-varying signal of the photosensor is analyzed electronically by means of a detection system to determine the signal maximum, wherein the detection system has an extreme value memory which monitors the time-varying signal until an extreme of the signal has been reached in each case, a peak indicator signal being generated in each case when the extreme is reached, with the aid of which the time of the extreme is established and with the aid of which in turn the wavelength of the light source associated with the signal maximum is established.

US Pat. No. 11,029,142

ARTICULATING MEASURING ARM WITH LASER SCANNER

HEXAGON METROLOGY, INC., ...

1. An optical position acquisition member comprising:a housing comprising a mounting portion configured to mount to a CMM about a last axis of rotation of the CMM;
a light source mounted on a plate; and
multiple optical sensors mounted to the housing such that the sensors are counterbalanced about the last axis of rotation.

US Pat. No. 11,029,141

ANTICIPATORY DEPTH OF FIELD ADJUSTMENT FOR OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY

SIGHTLINE INNOVATION INC....

1. A method of surface inspection of an object using optical coherence tomography (OCT), the OCT having an associated tunable depth of field comprising a distance range, the method comprising:determining a present depth of field such that a series of multiple forward surface locations on the object are located within the associated distance range, wherein the multiple forward surface locations are sequentially located opposite a direction of travel of the object;
tuning the tunable depth of field to the present depth of field; and
performing a scan of the object at each surface location in the series of surface locations.

US Pat. No. 11,029,140

DISTANCE MEASUREMENT SENSOR BASED ON MAGNETIC SIGNAL TRIANGULATION

Infinity Engineered Produ...

1. A distance measuring device comprising:a target module;
an evaluating module;
a first directional magnetic field sensing array; and
a second directional magnetic field sensing array,
wherein the first directional magnetic field sensing array and the second directional magnetic field sensing array are separated by a predetermined horizontal distance forming a horizontal axis,
wherein the second directional magnetic field sensing array and the first directional magnetic field sensing array do not move relative to each other and wherein the target module move along a movement trajectory that is along a vertical axis that is perpendicular to the horizontal axis between first directional magnetic field sensing array and the second directional magnetic field sensing array,
wherein an angle between the movement trajectory and the horizontal axis is substantially orthogonal,
wherein the first directional magnetic field sensing array and the second directional magnetic field sensing array sense signals from the target module, the signals being transferred to the evaluating module, and
wherein the evaluating module is adapted to determine the distance the target module is from the horizontal axis by determining a directional angle of the first magnetic field sensing array with respect to the target module based on the signals from the first magnetic field sensing array, the second magnetic field sensing array, and the predetermined distance.

US Pat. No. 11,029,139

WALLBOARD SCORE, SNAP AND EDGE APPEARANCE TEST PROCEDURE

UNITED STATES GYPSUM COMP...

1. A procedure for evaluating the score, snap and edge appearance of wallboard panels, comprising:scoring a wallboard panel with a knife at a constant and known force using a benchtop board scoring device;
snapping the scored panel in a Universal Board Testing Machine to measure the breaking force, forming a snapped panel edge;
measuring a cleanliness of the snapped panel edge by placing a straight edge against the snapped panel edge and measuring gaps between the snapped panel edge and the straight edge in a plurality of locations on a face of the panel, and a plurality of locations on a back of the panel; and
averaging all of the measured gaps to create an Index Score.

US Pat. No. 11,029,138

DROP-OUT MOUNTING STRUCTURE FOR WHEEL ALIGNMENT

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A drop-out mounting structure mounting a drop-out member as a wheel mounting unit to a bicycle frame through a bolt in a state that the drop-out member is set according to a predetermined reference position, comprisinga wheel alignment unit provided to be in spherical contact with a bolt fastening portion of the drop-out member and the frame as a male and female type and performing wheel alignment according to deformation of the frame,
wherein the wheel alignment unit includes:
a concave spherical portion formed at one bolt fastening hole edge of the drop-out member and the frame; and
a convex spherical portion formed at another bolt fastening hole edge of the drop-out member and the frame and in spherical contact with the concave spherical portion.

US Pat. No. 11,029,137

FIXTURE PIN ASSEMBLY SYSTEM

1. A pin assembly system comprising:a block comprising a pin hole;
a pin comprising:
a check portion;
a shank portion;
wherein a portion of the shank portion of the pin is within the pin hole of the block;
a mounting plate directly attached to a bottom exterior surface of the block through a plurality of fasteners, the plurality of fasteners are engaged in a plurality of holes in the bottom exterior surface of the block;
a lever pivotally attached to the mounting plate, the lever configured to contact a first end of the pin upon pivoting of the lever;
a spring disposed between the bottom exterior surface of the block and the first end of the pin such that a second end of the pin is biased to rest against a top exterior surface of the block.

US Pat. No. 11,029,136

MAGNETIC TAPE MEASURE MOUNT

1. A magnetic tape measure mount, comprising:a housing having a magnet encompassed within the housing;
a fastening device configured to fasten the housing to the tape measure; and
a metal mounting plate, the magnet configured to be attached to the metal mounting plate to secure the housing and tape measure to the metal mounting plate,
wherein the metal mounting plate includes a ridge at the bottom of the metal mounting plate, so that the housing is secured against the metal mounting plate and is held in place by the ridge to prevent the tape measure from being dislodged and/or rotating,
wherein the ridge extends perpendicularly to the metal mounting plate, and
wherein the metal mounting plate is round with a flat bottom edge.

US Pat. No. 11,029,135

AUTOMATIC METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR LOGGING PREPROGRAMMED ELECTRONIC DETONATORS

Austin Star Detonator Com...

1. An electronic detonator, comprising:a pair of wires to allow operative electrical connection of the electronic detonator with a logger, the wires allowing exchange of electrical signals between the logger and the electronic detonators;
a base charge disposed within the interior of a detonator housing;
an ignition element operatively associated with the base charge to selectively ignite the base charge in response to conduction of electrical current through the ignition element; and
an electronic ignition module (EIM), operative to communicate with the logger connected to the wires, the EIM operative to:
receive a read request message from the logger;
in response to receiving the read request message, transmit responsive messaging to the logger, the responsive messaging including at least one of a serial ID number, a programmed detonator ID, and/or a delay value;
after transmitting the responsive messaging, receive a verify command from the logger and update its status flag; and
after updating its status flag, refraining from responding to subsequently received read request messages from the logger.

US Pat. No. 11,029,134

TARGET CARRIER SYSTEM HAVING ADVANCED FUNCTIONALITY

Action Target Inc., Prov...

1. A system for detecting hits to a target carrier comprising:a target carrier, the target carrier comprising a sensor which detects a strike to the target carrier by a projectile and sends a strike signal to a controller in response to a detected strike;
and a controller in communication with the sensor and the target carrier, the controller being configured to receive the strike signal from the sensor and programed to generate a corrective measure when the strike signal exceeds a predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 11,029,133

MOVEABLE BARRIER SYSTEM TO PROVIDE BULLET-PROOF SHELTER

1. A moveable barrier system comprising:a first panel having a first vertical edge and a second vertical edge, the first vertical edge rotatably coupled to a first portion of a perimeter of a room along a first axis, the perimeter of the room formed by one or more walls and defining a first area; and
a second panel having a third vertical edge and a fourth vertical edge, the third vertical edge of the second panel rotatably coupled to the second vertical edge of the first panel, the fourth vertical edge of the second panel removably coupled to a second portion of the perimeter of the room;
the first panel having:
a first structural layer that forms a vertical plane, spanning the first vertical edge and the second vertical edge,
a first projectile resistant layer that is resistant to projectile impact, and
a second projectile resistant layer that is resistant to projectile impact; and
the second panel having:
a second structural layer that forms a vertical plane, spanning the third vertical edge and the fourth vertical edge,
a third projectile resistant layer that is resistant to projectile impact, and
a fourth projectile resistant layer that is resistant to projectile impact
the first panel and the second panel configured to move from a stored position into an active position,
wherein, in the stored position, both the first panel and the second panel are positioned substantially parallel to and overlayed with a third portion of the perimeter of the room, the fourth vertical edge of the second panel is positioned along a second axis that is displaced a first distance from the first axis, and
in the active position, the first panel, the second panel, and a fourth portion of the perimeter of the room completely enclose a second area created between the first panel, the second panel, and the fourth portion of the perimeter of the room, the second area being within the first area, wherein the first panel and the second panel form an angle of less than 180 degrees, the second panel is coupled to the second portion of the perimeter of the room along a coupling axis that is displaced a second distance from the first axis, such that the second distance is greater than the first distance, and the second area is defined such that an entire group of people within the first area can move into the second area as the first panel and the second panel move from the stored position into the active position and the entire group of people can remain completely enclosed in the second area while the panels are in the active position.

US Pat. No. 11,029,132

PROJECTILE PENETRATION RESISTANCE ASSEMBLIES

Truarmor a division of Cl...

1. A projectile penetration resistant material comprising:a plurality of layers of a flexible nylon containing sheet material, the plurality of layers comprising at least 50 layers of the flexible nylon containing sheet material; and
an adhesive layer disposed between adjacent layers of the flexible nylon containing sheet material that adheres adjacent layers of the flexible nylon containing sheet material to one another and is subjected to pressures of no less than 10,000 PSI and temperatures no greater than 240 degrees Fahrenheit during the formation process and such that performance of the projectile penetration resistant material is characterized by the at least 50 layers of flexible nylon containing sheet material adhesively secured to one another;
wherein the projectile penetration resistant material has a thickness such that the material can be introduced to a cavity defined by an Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) vehicle door panel downward through a window slot, the projectile penetration resistant material being constructed to slideably cooperate with a channel associated with the window slot for disposing the projectile penetration resistant material between an exterior skin and an interior panel associated with door panel, and
wherein the projectile penetration resistant material is constructed to allow formation of one or more cutouts from hand tools to prevent interference between the projectile penetration resistant material and structures of the door panel.

US Pat. No. 11,029,131

RAIL INTERFACE SYSTEM

TangoDown, Inc., Tucson,...

7. A rail interface system for connecting an accessory component to a weapon component, where the weapon component having a first rail surface, a second rail surface, and at least one through rail opening extending between the first surface and the second surface, the rail opening defined by a peripheral edge formed between the first surface and the second surface, the peripheral edge having opposed end edges,the interface system comprising:
the accessory component including an interface body, and a first shoe element and a second shoe element extending from the interface body,
the first shoe element and the second shoe element operatively engaged against each other for sliding movement relative to each other and the interface body between a locked position and an unlocked position to secure the accessory component to the weapon component, wherein each of the first shoe element and second shoe element extend into the rail opening and restrictively engage the opposed end edges of the rail opening when the shoe is in the unlocked position.

US Pat. No. 11,029,130

MISSION PLANNING FOR WEAPONS SYSTEMS

MBDA UK Limited, Stevana...

1. A mission planning method for use with a weapon, the method comprising the steps of:obtaining a first training data set describing the performance of the weapon;
using the first training data set and a Gaussian Process (GP) to obtain a first surrogate model giving a functional approximation of the performance of the weapon, the Gaussian process comprising using a covariance function to calculate a set of hyper-parameters and a set of weighted values; and
providing the first surrogate model to a weapons system for use in calculating a performance characteristic of the weapon during combat operations.

US Pat. No. 11,029,129

GUN TUNNEL SIGHT

1. A gun sight comprising:a light tube; and
a main body including an elongated tapered light tunnel housing and a base; said light tunnel housing formed on top of the base, and a light tunnel formed inside the light tunnel housing; said light tunnel having a front end and a rear end;
wherein the light tunnel is tapered from the front end to the rear end to enhance light concentration in the light tunnel so the size of the light tunnel can be shortened and the size of the gun sight can be further minimized,
wherein the shape of the light tunnel is selected from a group consisting of triangle, circle or other polygons.

US Pat. No. 11,029,128

ACTIVE COOLING FOR HOLSTER

1. A cooling system, comprising:a multi-layered backer for an implement holster, comprising:
a ducting layer having ducting features including walls or ridges formed on the ducting layer and adapted to conduct a flow of fluid from an inlet opening of the ducting layer and through passages on the ducting layer formed by the ducting features of the ducting layer; and
a fluid permeable breathable layer disposed over the ducting layer and overlaying the ducting features, the breathable layer and the ducting features forming the passages, and arranged to be nearest to a body of a user, the breathable layer having one or more openings adapted to pass fluid from the passages through the breathable layer to provide cooling to the body of the user.

US Pat. No. 11,029,127

PUBLIC SAFETY SMART BELT

1. A smart clothing system comprising:an item of clothing wearable by a person, the item having a conductive fiber disposed therein, the conducive fiber being capable of conducting electrical energy;
a rechargeable power supply physically coupled to the item and electrically coupled to the conductive fiber;
at least one component physically coupled to the item of clothing and electrically coupled to the conductive fiber;
a wireless communication system physically coupled to the item of clothing and electrically coupled to the conductive fiber, the wireless communication system configured to communicate with the at least one component and an external data communications network; and
a remote camera disposed remotely from the person and coupled to a remote item, the remote camera being configured to capture at least one of video and audio data, and wirelessly communicate with at least one of the external data communications network and the at least one component via the wireless communication system;
wherein the at least one component comprises a camera configured to record at least one of audio and video data, and wherein the camera has an associated first field of view, the first field of view comprising an area from which the camera receives visual input;
wherein the remote camera further has an associated remote field of view, the remote field of view comprising an area from which the remote camera receives visual input; and
wherein the remote camera further has a criteria associated therewith for determining a selection of the remote field of view.

US Pat. No. 11,029,126

HOLSTER SYSTEM AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING THE SAME

1. A holster system comprising:a support frame comprising:
a support frame front face;
a support frame rear face;
a first end defined by an attachment plate comprising a plate front face and a plate rear face;
a second end defined by a ledge, wherein the ledge comprises a top face and a bottom face; and
a bracket disposed between the first and second ends;
wherein the attachment plate comprises a plurality of slots;
a barrel plug positioned on the top face of the bracket;
a spacer positioned directly adjacent to the rear face of the support frame, wherein the spacer is defined by a plurality of apertures that align with the attachment plate slots;
a fastener band comprising a closure, wherein a portion of the fastener band is positioned between the rear face of the support frame and the front face of the spacer,
whereby the front face of the spacer, the rear face of the support frame, or both comprise a groove sized and shaped to accommodate the portion of the fastener band positioned between rear face of the support frame and the front face of the spacer.

US Pat. No. 11,029,125

BREAK OPEN SYSTEM HAVING AN ADJUSTABLE, RELEASABLE FOREND STOCK

Ardesa, S.A., Zamudio-Vi...

1. A firearm having an adjustable, releasable forend stock comprising:a barrel assembly;
a retainer mechanism including a housing lug, said housing lug being threadably attached on a first side to a lower side of said barrel assembly, said housing lug having a threaded rod projecting on a second side opposite said first side, towards said forend stock;
a coupler threadably secured onto said housing lug threaded rod at a first end and having at a second end opposite said first end formed for insertion within a bushing fixed on said forend stock, said coupler including a cylindrical portion intermediate said coupler first and second ends, said cylindrical portion having an extended flange; and
a latch bolt having a top surface and a beveled end, said latch bolt in slidable communication with said forend stock, and acted upon by a resilient component, such that said latch bolt secures said forend stock to said barrel assembly when in a locked position said latch bolt prohibits said coupler extended flange from movement.

US Pat. No. 11,029,124

MULTI-SHOT AIRGUN

Crosman Corporation, Blo...

1. An airgun comprising:a tube fork having front face with a port from which a compressed gas can flow;
a barrel having a passageway through the barrel with an opening at a back barrel face with the passageway sized to receive a projectile;
a pivot joining the barrel to the tube fork such that the barrel can be moved between a firing position where the opening is positioned to receive compressed gas and a cocking position;
a sled movable between a forward position and a retracted position;
a mechanism converting pivotal motion of the barrel relative to the fork into forces urging the sled to move toward the retracted position as the tube fork and the barrel move toward the firing position and into other forces that urge the sled to move toward the forward position as the tube fork and the barrel are rotated toward the cocking position;
a magazine holder adapted to position a magazine so that a bolt of the airgun passes through a first opening in the magazine holder, through the magazine to drive a projectile from the magazine, and through a second opening in the magazine holder as the bolt moves from the retracted position to the forward position;
a shuttle system adapted to move a projectile channel between a firing location sufficiently aligned with the barrel opening and the port to allow compressed air from the port to drive a projectile through the passageway and a loading location aligned with the second opening to allow the bolt to advance a projectile into the projectile channel; and
a resilient barrier provided at the second opening having a barrier opening with at least one opening flap portion that is configured with a resilient bias that is defined so that opening flap portion applies sufficient force against a portion of the pellet to overcome any adhesion between bolt and pellet as the bolt is moved from the forward position toward the retracted position so as to hold the pellet within the shuttle.

US Pat. No. 11,029,123

HOBBY PROJECTILE

16. A hobby projectile including:a body portion having an at least a partially foam material construction;
a tip portion operably coupled to the body portion, the tip portion including at least one of an elastomeric or plastic material construction; and
a magnetic component enveloped within the foam material construction of the body portion.

US Pat. No. 11,029,122

BOW HOLDER FOR HUNTING BLIND

Mark Ellinghuysen, Winon...

1. A bow holder, comprising:a bow interface member, an upper surface of the bow interface member defining a recessed area extending in a first direction; and
a locking member coupled to the bow interface member, the locking member extending in a second direction that is substantially perpendicular to the first direction, the locking member comprising a first leg and a second leg that is oriented substantially parallel to the first leg and is spaced apart from the first leg, the first leg engaged with the bow interface member, the second leg extending across the upper surface of the bow interface member and spaced thereabove such that the second leg covers a portion of the upper surface, the bow holder configured to receive a limb of a hunting bow between the locking member and the bow interface member to detachably couple the hunting bow to the bow interface member, the locking member and the bow interface member together are configured to support the hunting bow in an upright position above the bow interface member.

US Pat. No. 11,029,121

ARCHERY BOW LIMB CUP WITH DAMPER

MCP IP, LLC, Sparta, WI ...

1. A limb cup comprising:a body arranged for attachment to an archery bow riser, the body comprising a first limb cavity, a tension-transfer bearing surface and a damper housing, the damper housing comprising an aperture, the first limb cavity at least partially defined by a tension bearing surface and a compression bearing surface; and
a vibration damper comprising a resilient member and a weight;
wherein the body is arranged to contact a fastener assembly, the first limb cavity is arranged to receive an archery bow limb, the tension-transfer bearing surface is arranged to transfer forces from the archery bow limb to the fastener assembly, the resilient member is oriented in the aperture and supported by the damper housing, and the weight is supported by the resilient member.

US Pat. No. 11,029,120

POWER ASSISTED BOW

SOS Solutions, Inc., Ton...

1. An archery bow, comprising:a loading assembly comprising a rotational member, the rotational member comprising a protrusion, the rotational member coupled to a first auxiliary limb via a first cable,
wherein the rotational member is configured to engage the first cable upon rotation of the rotational member by contacting the first cable via the protrusion, thereby preventing further rotation of the rotational member in a pre-load lock position;
a loading lever coupled to the rotational member for rotating the rotational member in a first rotational direction to move the first cable in a first direction to pre-load the first auxiliary limb;
a second auxiliary limb coupled to the rotational member via a second cable;
a main body including a first main limb and a second main limb;
a string extending from the first main limb to the second main limb, wherein the loading lever rotates the rotational member to pre-load the first auxiliary limb and the second auxiliary limb without drawing the string, wherein:
the loading lever is configured to simultaneously move the second cable in a second direction opposite the first direction to pre-load the second auxiliary limb,
the loading assembly is coupled to a central riser of the main body between the first main limb and the second main limb; and
a cam disposed at an end of the first main limb, a third cable extending between the second main limb and the cam, and a tether having a first end coupled directly to the third cable and a second end coupled directly to the loading assembly to counter rotate the rotational member from the pre-load lock position to a released unlocked position.

US Pat. No. 11,029,119

ARCHERY SYSTEM, BOW AND METHOD OPERABLE WITH AN ENERGY RESOURCE

Krysse AS, Oslo (NO)

30. A method for manufacturing an archery system, the method comprising:obtaining an energy resource that is configured to be coupled to an archery bow that comprises a plurality of limbs connectable to a draw cord, wherein each of the limbs comprises a limb end;
configuring a driver so that the driver is configured to:
receive a force that is derived from the energy resource; and
distribute the force to a plurality of limb holders, each of which is pivotally coupled the archery bow,
wherein the limb holders are configured so that, in response to the distribution of the force when the limb holders are holding the limbs connected to the draw cord, each of the limb holders pivots relative to the archery bow to cause an increase in a tension in the draw cord without causing an increase in a distance between the limb ends; and
configuring the limb holders so that, in response to the distribution of the force, the limb holders cause the increase in the tension and at least momentarily cause a decrease in the distance between the limb ends.

US Pat. No. 11,029,118

FIREARM ASSEMBLY HAVING A LOCKING BLOCK AND SLIDE

1. A firearm assembly configured to provide changing of a barrel of a firearm wherein the barrel could be of an alternate caliber comprising:a receiver, said receiver having an interior volume, said receiver having a bottom, said receiver having an inner rear wall;
a locking block, said locking block being configured to be disposed within said interior volume of said receiver, said locking block having an upper surface and a lower surface, said upper surface of said locking block having a front rise member and a rear rise member extending upward therefrom, said upper surface of said locking block further including a valley, said valley being intermediate said front rise member and said rear rise member, said locking block further including a rear edge wall;
a barrel, said barrel having a first end and a second end, said barrel configured to discharge a round of ammunition at said second end thereof, said barrel having a first portion and a second portion, said first portion and said second portion being integrally formed, said second portion of said barrel being proximate said first end thereof, said second portion of said barrel having a lower portion, said lower portion of said second portion of said barrel having a lower rear wall, wherein said lower portion of said second portion of said barrel includes a front shoulder member and a rear shoulder member, said rear shoulder having a lower rear wall, said front shoulder member and said rear shoulder member extending downward from said lower portion and wherein said rear edge wall of said locking block being axially aligned with the lower rear wall of the rear shoulder of the second portion of the rear end of the barrel; and
wherein the locking block and the second portion of the barrel are mateably coupled so as to facilitate an operable connection intermediate thereto.

US Pat. No. 11,029,117

MODULAR PRECISION RIFLE ASSEMBLY AND METHOD FOR CONFIGURING RIFLE COMPONENTS AND ACCESSORIES

1. A method for configuring precision rifle components and allowing users to change barrels when in the field comprising the steps of:providing a receiver subassembly with a receiver housing having a proximal open end and a distal open end connected by central lumen defining a plurality of substantially cylindrical contiguous cavities having selected inside diameters, said contiguous cavities being aligned along a central axis; wherein said receiver housing has a threaded outside diameter proximate said receiver housing distal end and said central lumen terminates distally in a first distal coupler-nut receiving cavity configured to receive a barrel coupler-nut and the first distal coupler-nut receiving cavity having a first larger inside diameter and threaded interior; and wherein said receiver housing central lumen has a second barrel extension receiving cavity configured to receive a barrel extension and the second barrel extension receiving cavity is coaxially aligned with and terminates distally in said first distal coupler-nut receiving cavity, wherein said second barrel extension receiving cavity has a second inside diameter which is smaller than an inside diameter of said first distal coupler-nut receiving cavity and, wherein said second barrel extension receiving cavity has a smooth cylindrical interior surface which terminates proximally in a transverse annular bearing surface;
providing the barrel coupler-nut or retaining nut having a proximal centering force generating surface, and the barrel extension having a distal flange surface configured to bear on said barrel coupler-nut centering force generating surface;
removing the barrel coupler-nut or retaining nut from the first distal coupler-nut receiving cavity and placing the retaining nut over a distal end of the barrel subassembly and slidably advancing the retaining nut to the rear to abut a flange of the barrel extension of the barrel subassembly; wherein said barrel subassembly defines a barrel bore having a bore central axis;
holding or supporting barrel subassembly in a fixed orientation with an alignment slot of the barrel extension in a generally vertical orientation;
sliding the receiver subassembly or module onto the barrel extension and rotating the receiver subassembly radially about the central axis so that an alignment pin of the receiver housing is received in and radially aligned by the alignment slot;
automatically centering and coaxially aligning the barrel subassembly bore central axis with said receiver subassembly central axis by approximating said retaining nut proximal centering force generating surface with the barrel extension distal flange surface to bear on said barrel coupler-nut centering force generating surface; and
inserting and threadably engaging and fastening the retaining nut with the threads in the central lumen to draw barrel subassembly into axial alignment with and proximally against the transverse bearing surface while automatically aligning the bore of the barrel assembly and central lumen of the receiver to be coaxially aligned with a common central axis.

US Pat. No. 11,029,116

TRIGGER MECHANISM FOR FIREARMS

CMC Triggers Corp., Fort...

1. A firearm trigger mechanism, comprising:a housing;
a trigger member pivotally mounted in the housing and movable between set and pulled positions;
a trigger dog pivotally mounted in the housing and a first lever arm portion of the trigger dog engaged to a lever arm portion of the trigger member by a first over-center linkage; and
a striker dog pivotally mounted in the housing movable between set and released positions and including a lever arm portion of the striker dog engaged to a second lever arm portion of the trigger dog by a second over-center linkage,
wherein the over-center linkages are configured to inhibit rotation of the striker dog from the set position to the released position until the trigger member is manipulated from the set position to the pulled position with a force greater than an engagement threshold of the over-center linkages.

US Pat. No. 11,029,115

FIRING PIN RETAINER AND FIREARM OPERATING SYSTEM INCLUDING SAME

Serbu Firearms, Inc., Ta...

9. A firearm operating system, comprising:a firing pin comprising a first end and a second end;
an operating rod assembly, comprising:
an operating rod; and
a tail extending below a first end;
a bolt carrier defining a recess and a slot, the slot being positioned transverse to the recess, the recess configured to receive the tail;
an elongate firing pin retainer sized to be slidably received by the slot and configured so as to not interfere with a hammer when the hammer strikes the firing pin;
wherein the tail contacts the elongate firing pin retainer when the recess receives the tail, the elongate firing pin retainer engaging the second end of the firing pin so as to retain the firing pin,
wherein the tail portion defines a substantially flat bottom, and wherein the substantially flat bottom contacts the elongate firing pin retainer when the recess receives the tail.

US Pat. No. 11,029,114

TRIGGER MECHANISM FOR FIREARMS

Iron Horse Firearms, LLC,...

1. A firearm receiver having a rear end portion to which a butt stock may be attached, an upper portion for connection to an upper receiver and a lower portion for attachment to a pistol grip, the firearm receiver comprising:a trigger mechanism including:
a trigger body pivotally mounted at a pivot point in the firearm, the trigger body including a first arm forming a trigger extending rearwardly from the pivot point, and a second arm extending upwardly from the pivot point and having a catch;
a hammer pivotally disposed in the firearm, the hammer including a lip for selectively engaging the catch; and;
wherein the first arm and the second arm of the trigger body are both disposed completely rearwardly of the pivot point.

US Pat. No. 11,029,113

TRIGGER ACTUATOR

The United States Governm...

12. A firearm, comprising:a trigger;
an actuator mountable on said firearm adjacent to said trigger, said actuator having a body movable into engagement with said trigger for pulling said trigger, said body being moveable out of engagement with said trigger to permit said trigger to reset;
a controller in communication with said actuator, said controller operating to transmit a first command to said actuator for moving said body into engagement with said trigger for pulling said trigger, and a second command to said actuator for moving said body out of engagement with said trigger, and a third command to said actuator for moving said body into engagement with said trigger in preparation for pulling said trigger; and
a switch in communication with said controller, said switch cooperating with said controller to transmit:
a first signal to said controller for causing said controller to transmit said first command to said actuator; and
a second signal to said controller for causing said controller to transmit said second command to said actuator.

US Pat. No. 11,029,112

HANDGUN SAFETY DEVICE AND METHOD

STATE OF ISRAEL, PRIME MI...

16. A method for using a handgun, the method comprising:(a) obtaining a handgun safety device comprising a safety element with a firing interrupting element configured for snug projection between a face of a duty cartridge and a fore end of a functional firing element, said safety element being articulated at a first end of a cord having a full length, with a second end configured for attaching to an article worn by a user;
(b) attaching the second end to an article worn by a user;
(c) before or after act (b) at least partially cocking the handgun so as to give rise to a space between the face of a duty cartridge and a fore end of a functional firing element;
(d) placing the safety element with the firing interrupting element at an interrupting positon; and
(e) releasing the handgun from the at least partially cocked position.

US Pat. No. 11,029,111

FIREARM BARREL LOCK

SFUS INC., A DEL. CORP., ...

5. A locking device in combination with a firearm having a barrel with a muzzle, a bore in the barrel with a first diameter, and a chamber wall that defines a chamber of said firearm with a second diameter larger than the first diameter, the combination comprising:a hollow tube adapted to fit coaxially within the bore, the tube having a proximal end portion,
a distal end portion, and a length sufficient to extend from the muzzle to the chamber;
a first subassembly on the distal end portion of the tube that is adapted to be moved under user control between a first configuration that fits within the bore so that the first subassembly does not obstruct removal of the tube from the bore, and a second configuration of the first subassembly that fits within the chamber but does not fit within the bore so that the first subassembly does obstruct removal of the tube from the bore;
a second subassembly connected to the proximal end of the tube for enabling a user to selectively move the first subassembly between the first and second configurations while the tube is within the bore, the second subassembly including an actuator knob adapted to be rotated manually between a first position of the actuator knob corresponding to the first subassembly being in the first configuration and a second position of the actuator knob corresponding to the first subassembly being in the second configuration,
the second subassembly including means for locking the actuator knob in the second position; and a rod disposed coaxially within the tube to serve as means for coupling movement from the second subassembly to the first subassembly when the actuator knob is rotated to the second position;
the first subassembly including a plurality of slots in said hollow tube, and at least one component with a receiving surface, the component including at least one element located adjacent one of said slots which may radially move outward in response to an applied force from the rod to the receiving surface;
the second subassembly including means responsive to movement of the actuator knob from the first position to the second position to urge the rod to bear against and move the receiving surface to force the displacement outwards of the element,
wherein the at least one element is a flexure pawl.

US Pat. No. 11,029,110

MAGAZINE SAFETY

1. A safety mechanism for a firearm having a frame defining a magazine well for receiving an ammunition magazine, a trigger bar movably mounted on said frame, said safety mechanism comprising:a first lever mountable on said frame adjacent to said magazine well, said first lever comprising a first arm pivotable about a first pivot axis into and out of said magazine well, and a second arm positioned on an opposite side of said first pivot axis;
a second lever having a first end pivotably attached to said second arm and a second end attachable to said frame, said second end being pivotable about a second pivot axis oriented parallel to said first pivot axis; wherein
when said first arm pivots into said magazine well said second lever pivots into a position blocking motion of said trigger bar which would discharge said firearm.

US Pat. No. 11,029,109

VARIABLE-LENGTH CORNER SHOOTING ASSEMBLY

Corner Shot (Israel) Ltd....

1. An assembly (10) comprising:a receiver body (12) comprising a butt (14), a body trigger (16), a grip (18), and a display screen (20); and
a variable-length shaft (24) extending from a front portion of said receiver body (12), a firearm receiver member (36) coupled to a distal end of said variable-length shaft (24) by means of a coupling device (42), and a camera (40) in communication with, and configured to send images to, said display screen (20).

US Pat. No. 11,029,108

MAGAZINE LOADER WITH COUPLED TOP AND FRONT ROUND PUSHERS

1. A magazine loader for facilitating the loading of rounds into a predetermined firearm magazine having (1) an open upper end and which holds one or more columns of rounds therein and urges said rounds to, and feeds said rounds from, said open end of said magazine, (2) a plurality of side walls extending down from said open end, including parallel front and back walls, and a spring-urged follower for pushing any rounds in said magazine that are above said follower to said open end, (3) a pair of feed or retaining lips having a predetermined spacing therebetween at said open end, and (4) at least one magazine catch, said loader comprising:(a) a body or holder having an opening at its bottom side and shaped to fit onto said open upper end of said magazine, said body or holder having front and back walls and two connecting said walls,
(b) body-locking or attaching means for removably attaching said body or holder to said magazine,
(c) a manually operable press comprising a member having a pair of opposite ends, a proximal end being hinge-coupled to a top end of said body or holder adjacent said back wall, said press having an up position where it extends up from above and is angled to said open end of said magazine so that its opposite or distal end is relatively far from said body or holder, and a down position where said distal end is relatively close to said body or holder, said press having a pair of opposite sides, one of which is an upper side facing away from said open end of said magazine and one of which is an underside facing said open end of said magazine,
(d) said press having a plunger or tooth that extends from said underside of said press and has a free bottom end, said free bottom end being positioned above said open end of said magazine when said press is in said up position and positioned in said open end of said magazine when said press is in said down position, such that when a round is placed onto said open upper end of said magazine, in an initial position, and said press is manually pivoted from said up position to said down position, said free bottom end of said plunger will engage and push down said round to a partly inserted position,
(e) a manually operable pusher comprising a member having a pair of opposite ends, one of which is a lower end that is hinge-coupled to a lower end of said body or holder adjacent of said front wall, said pusher having an open position where it extends away from and is angled to said front wall of said body or holder so that its opposite, upper end is relatively far from said front wall and a closed position where said upper end is relatively close to said front wall, said pusher having a pair of opposite sides, one of which is an outer side facing away from said front side and one of which is an inner side facing said front side,
(f) said pusher having a tongue that extends from said inner side of said pusher adjacent said upper end, said tongue having a free end, so that (1) when said pusher is in a closed position, said tongue will underlie one end of a partly inserted round, (2) when said pusher is moved to said open position, said free end of said tongue will move out from said one end of said partly inserted round and allow said one end to move down, and (3) when said pusher is moved back to said closed position, said free end of said tongue will engage said one end of said partly inserted round and push it to a fully inserted position in said magazine and
(g) means coupling said press to said pusher so that (1) movement of said press from said up position to said down position will simultaneously move said pusher from said closed position to said open position to cause said tongue of said pusher to move out to allow said opposite end of said partly inserted round to be pushed down by said plunger, and (2) movement of said pusher from said open position to said closed position will move said press from said down position to said up position and cause said tongue of said pusher to push said round from said partly inserted position to a final and fully inserted position,
whereby said rounds can be loaded into said magazine with reduced effort by placing a round onto said open end of said magazine to an initially inserted position, pushing said press down to move said pusher to said open position and push said round down to said partly inserted position, and pushing said pusher in to move said press back to said open position and push said partly inserted round rearward to a final and fully inserted position in said magazine.

US Pat. No. 11,029,107

ADJUSTABLE GAS BLOCK FOR AN INDIRECT GAS OPERATED FIREARM

1. A firearm with an adjustable gas block comprising:a receiver;
a barrel connected to the receiver, said barrel having a gas port;
a gas operating system;
a nozzle assembly having a front end, back end, middle portion, and internal void with means to communicate with the barrel and gas operating system through a plurality of ports which are spaced about the middle portion, said back end being received within and enveloped by a portion of the gas operating system and having an opening in operational communication with said gas operating system;
a gas block housing having a barrel receiving channel for a portion of the barrel to be contained therein, a gas nozzle receiving channel having a cylindrical bore which is above and runs parallel to a longitudinal axis of the barrel and the barrel receiving channel, the barrel receiving channel having a port in communication with the barrel, the gas nozzle receiving channel cylindrical bore containing a front portion of the nozzle assembly therein; and
said gas block housing further having a transverse groove formed therein to receive a rotatable knob, said transverse groove running transverse to said barrel axis between the front end of the gas nozzle receiving channel cylindrical bore and a generally planar, rearwardly facing portion of said gas block housing;
a rotatable knob fitted within said transverse groove and rotatable with respect thereto, said knob having a bore in substantially longitudinal alignment with the gas nozzle receiving channel cylindrical bore, said rotatable knob being coupled to said front portion of said nozzle assembly to retain and control rotational movement of the nozzle assembly.

US Pat. No. 11,029,106

RECOIL SYSTEM FOR USE IN SOME TYPES OF RIFLES

1. A shortened recoil system comprising:a bolt carrier, which is configured for use in a direct impingement system, wherein the bolt carrier comprises one or more guide rod channels located in the same horizontal plane as the bolt carrier;
one or more guide rods configured to fit within the guide rod channel;
one or more recoil springs through which a guide rod can be threaded; and
a rear plate configured to hold one or more guide rods in a selected position.

US Pat. No. 11,029,105

FRAME OF PISTOL

1. A frame of a pistol, comprising:a handgrip portion defining a magazine well which is configured for accommodating a magazine;
an upper frame portion extending along a front-rear direction and connected to a top end of said handgrip portion, said upper frame portion including a barrel-receiving section distal from said handgrip portion, said barrel-receiving section including a bottom wall, two sidewalls extending upwardly and respectively from two opposite ends of said bottom wall, two through slots respectively formed in said sidewalls for receiving two opposite ends of a slide lock of a slide mechanism of the pistol, a compression spring retaining groove formed in said bottom wall between said through slots, and a spring plate retaining groove extending forwardly from a top end of said compression spring retaining groove, said through slots extending in a top-bottom direction transverse to the front-rear direction for permitting upward and downward movement of the two ends of the slide lock therein; and
a trigger guard connected to and disposed between said handgrip portion and said upper frame portion, said trigger guard being located below said through slots.

US Pat. No. 11,029,104

FIREARM SYSTEM

WHG Properties, LLC, Nor...

1. An M240 machine gun extended trigger housing assembly, comprising:a trigger housing assembly having a proximal end and a distal end and connectable to an M240 machine gun receiver; and
a proximal leg extending proximally from the trigger housing assembly and configured to connect to a trigger housing assembly engagement of the M240 machine gun receiver;
wherein the extended trigger housing assembly is configured to position the trigger housing assembly with respect to the receiver at a position located more distal than that of a trigger housing assembly of an M240 machine gun as shown in FIG. 1.

US Pat. No. 11,029,103

DUAL SEATED BY-PASS VALVE FOR SURFACE COOLERS

Unison Industries, LLC, ...

1. A heat exchanger circuit, comprising:a heat exchanger having a body comprising:
a plurality of cooling fins for the heat exchanger;
a plurality of core cooling channels within the body;
a plurality of de-congealing channels in fluid communication with the plurality of core cooling channels; and
a by-pass valve in fluid communication with the plurality of core cooling channels and the plurality of de-congealing channels, the by-pass valve further comprising:
a valve body;
a power element extending through the valve body;
a de-congealing flow path passing through the valve body;
a core cooling flow path passing through the valve body;
a de-congealing poppet in fluid communication with the de-congealing flow path and operably connected to the power element, the de-congealing poppet being movable between a closed position and an open position that allows for fluid flow to the plurality of de-congealing channels; and
a core cooling poppet in fluid communication with the core cooling flow path and operably connected to the power element, the core cooling poppet being movable between a closed position and an open position that allows for fluid flow to the plurality of core cooling channels.

US Pat. No. 11,029,102

HEAT EXCHANGER

HS MARSTON AEROSPACE LIMI...

1. A heat exchanger comprising:a conduit defining an inlet flow path for a fluid;
a header disposed to receive a flow from the inlet flow path;
a heat exchanger matrix disposed to receive a flow from the header; and
a swirler disposed within the conduit and the header, wherein the swirler is arranged to disperse a flow from the inlet flow path over the heat exchanger matrix, and wherein the swirler extends over only a portion of the length of the header between the conduit and the heat exchanger matrix and thereby provides space within the header for fluid to diffuse before entering the heat exchanger matrix;
wherein the conduit, header, and swirler have been formed as a unitary piece by additive manufacturing; and
wherein the portion of the swirler in the header extends across the entire width of the heat exchanger matrix in two dimensions, and extends across the entire width of the header in two dimensions and joins integrally with opposing walls of the header, and is thereby arranged to provide structural support to the header during use and during formation of the header by additive manufacturing.

US Pat. No. 11,029,101

REVERSE HEADER DESIGN FOR THERMAL CYCLE

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A header for a header tank of a heat exchanger, the header comprising:a header wall defining a tube receiving portion having a plurality of tube openings formed therethrough configured to receive tubes therein and spaced apart in a longitudinal direction of the header, the tube receiving portion including a planar portion and an offset portion, the planar portion disposed on a first plane and the offset portion having a variable distance from the first plane as the offset portion extends away from the planar portion with respect to the longitudinal direction of the header, wherein the plurality of tube openings includes a plurality of first tube openings and a plurality of second tube openings, wherein each of the plurality of first tube openings is formed through one of a plurality of first tube projections projecting from the planar portion and wherein each of the plurality of second tube openings is formed through one of a plurality of second tube projections projecting from the offset portion, wherein each of the plurality of first tube projections projects in a first direction, at least one of the plurality of second tube projections projects in the first direction, and at least one of the plurality of second tube projections projects in a second direction opposite the first direction, wherein the at least one of the plurality of second tube projections projecting in the second direction results in the tubes received therein having a shorter length than the tubes received in the plurality of first tube projections projecting in the first direction, thereby minimizing a thermal expansion or contraction of the tubes received in the at least one of the plurality of second tube projections projecting in the second direction to minimize a stress between the tubes and the plurality of second tube projections.

US Pat. No. 11,029,100

HEAT EXCHANGER

Mahle International GmbH,...

1. A heat exchanger for an internal combustion engine, comprising:a base tube;
a flange extending at least partially around the base tube, wherein the flange is formed as a forged piece; and
an adhesive between the flange and the base tube to provide a permanent bond between the flange and the base tube;
wherein the flange has a V-shaped cross-section and is formed by a wall bent in the shape of a V to form the V-shaped cross-section with a cavity between the wall and the base tube;
wherein the flange has a thread on a radially outermost section of the flange; and
wherein a wall thickness t of the flange is in the range of 2 mm?t?3.0 mm, and a ratio of an outer diameter of the flange to the wall thickness ranges between 37.3:1 and 56:1.

US Pat. No. 11,029,099

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR THERMOCHEMICAL STORAGE OF ENERGY

1. A heat exchanger system for thermochemical storage and release, comprising a thermal exchange circuit formed by circuit walls with a heat exchanger fluid, the circuit further in thermal connection with a thermochemical module, the thermochemical module comprising:a thermochemical material that stores and releases heat by a thermochemical exchange process under release or binding of a sorbate,
a multitude of largely parallel oriented fibers, and
a planar structure of thermoconductive strips that is connected to the thermal exchange circuit and that extends between the fibers and the circuit walls and that thermomechanically connect the circuit walls to the thermochemical material,
wherein each of the fibers comprise a microporous wall, the multitude of largely parallel oriented fibers defining a plurality of first channels that comprises the thermochemical material that stores and releases heat by a thermochemical exchange process under release or binding of a sorbate, and
wherein a multitude of second channels is formed, in the complementary space between the fibers, to provide an exchange of the sorbate to the thermochemical material via the microporous wall, said second channels connected to an exhaust, said thermoconductive strips traversing the structure of second channels.

US Pat. No. 11,029,098

DEVICE TEMPERATURE REGULATOR

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A device temperature regulator in which a working fluid circulates and which regulates a temperature of a target device by a phase change between a liquid phase and a gas phase of the working fluid, the device temperature regulator comprising:a heat absorber that causes the working fluid to absorb heat from the target device, so as to evaporate the working fluid;
a heat radiator that is arranged above the heat absorber and that causes the working fluid to radiate heat, so as to condense the working fluid;
a forward passage in which a forward flow passage is provided, the forward flow passage causing the working fluid to flow to the heat absorber from the heat radiator;
a backward passage in which a backward flow passage is provided, the backward flow passage causing the working fluid to flow to the heat radiator from the heat absorber;
a bubble generator configured to generate a bubble in the working fluid collecting in the heat absorber and having the liquid phase; and
a controller configured to cause the bubble generator to generate the bubble (i) when the working fluid circulates in a fluid circulation circuit made of the heat radiator, the forward passage, the heat absorber and the backward passage, to cool the target device, and (ii) when a circulation flow rate of the working fluid circulating in the fluid circulation circuit is a specified flow rate or less.

US Pat. No. 11,029,097

HEAT DISSIPATION COMPONENT

Asia Vital Components Co....

1. A heat dissipation component comprising a main body, the main body having a first metal plate body and a second metal plate body, the first and second metal plate bodies being made from titanium or titanium alloy and together defining a closed chamber, a surface of the closed chamber having at least one capillary structure layer, a separate capillary structure member being disposed between the first and second metal plate bodies, a working fluid being filled in the closed chamber, an outer periphery of the closed chamber of the main body having a flange section, the flange section having a sintered welding section, the sintered welding section being perpendicularly connected with the first and second metal plate bodies by fillet welding.

US Pat. No. 11,029,096

HEAT EXCHANGER FOR QUENCHING REACTION GAS

TECHNIP FRANCE, Courbevo...

1. Heat exchanger for quenching reaction gas comprising:a coolable double-wall tube including an inner tubular wall and an outer tubular wall, wherein said inner tubular wall is configured to convey said reaction gas to be quenched, and wherein a space defined by said inner tubular wall and said outer tubular wall is configured to convey a coolant;
a tubular connection member having a bifurcating longitudinal cross-section comprising an exterior wall section and an interior wall section defining an intermediate space filled with refractory filler material, wherein a converging end of said connection member is arranged to be in connection with an uncoolable reaction gas conveying pipe, wherein said exterior wall section is connected with said outer tubular wall of said coolable double-wall tube, wherein an axial gap is left between said interior wall section and said inner tubular wall of said coolable double-wall tube; and
a sealing member configured to seal said axial gap between said interior wall section and said inner tubular wall of said coolable double-wall tube;wherein an edge of said inner tubular wall engaging said sealing member comprises an at least partly beveled edge including a bevel engaging said sealing member.

US Pat. No. 11,029,095

FINNED COAXIAL COOLER

Senior UK Limited, Cruml...

17. A heat exchanger for cooling hot gas using a liquid coolant, said heat exchanger comprising:an inner heat exchange tube adapted for exchanging heat between a gas and a coolant;
a tubular outer body surrounding at least part of said inner heat exchange tube, wherein said heat exchanger is configured to enable said gas to flow through said inner heat exchange tube and said coolant to flow between said inner heat exchange tube and said tubular outer body; and
a single fin member which fits inside said inner heat exchange tube, said fin member comprising:
a plurality of radially extending first walls each extending along an axial direction of at least a portion of said inner heat exchange tube, said first walls each having a first length that extends inwardly by a first distance towards the central axis of said inner heat exchange tube, and
a plurality of radially extending second walls each extending along an axial direction of at least a portion of said inner heat exchange tube, said second walls each having a second length that extends inwardly by a second distance towards the central axis of said inner heat exchange tube, said first distance being different in value from said second distance, and
a plurality of circumferentially extending connecting portions, each said connecting portion extending between and connecting an adjacent one of said radially extending first walls to an adjacent one of said radially extending second walls,
wherein said fin member is of dimensions such as to fit within said inner heat exchange tube such that an outer surface of each said connecting portion is in contact with an inner surface of said inner heat exchange tube,
wherein said fin member is formed from a single strip of resilient metal material having resilience, such as to wherein the resilience of said metal material causes said single fin member, upon insertion into said inner heat exchange tube, to expand outwardly, to thereby retain itself by friction inside said inner heat exchange tube.

US Pat. No. 11,029,094

HEAT EXCHANGER

DAIKIN APPLIED AMERICAS I...

1. A heat exchanger adapted to be used in a vapor compression system, the heat exchanger comprising:a shell having a refrigerant inlet that at least refrigerant with liquid refrigerant flows therethrough and a shell refrigerant vapor outlet, with a longitudinal center axis of the shell extending substantially parallel to a horizontal plane;
a refrigerant distributor fluidly communicating with the refrigerant inlet and disposed within the shell, the refrigerant distributor having at least one liquid refrigerant distribution opening that distributes liquid refrigerant;
a tube bundle disposed inside of the shell below the refrigerant distributor so that the liquid refrigerant discharged from the refrigerant distributor is supplied to the tube bundle, the tube bundle including a plurality of heat transfer tubes grouped together; and
a first baffle including a first baffle portion extending substantially vertically downwardly from the refrigerant distributor so that the first baffle portion is substantially perpendicular to the horizontal plane,
the first baffle portion vertically overlapping the top of the tube bundle by a distance of one to three times a tube diameter of the heat transfer tubes, as viewed along the horizontal plane perpendicularly relative to the longitudinal center axis,
the first baffle portion having a vertical length one to three times the tube diameter, and
the first baffle being disposed laterally outwardly of the tube bundle toward a first lateral side of the shell as viewed along the horizontal plane along the longitudinal center axis.

US Pat. No. 11,029,093

COOLING TOWER WITH DIRECT AND INDIRECT HEAT EXCHANGER

Baltimore Aircoil Company...

1. A method of exchanging heat comprising the steps of:providing a structure containing a direct evaporative heat exchange section, an indirect heat exchange section, and an evaporative liquid distribution assembly, the indirect heat exchange section having a housing with an evaporative liquid inlet and an evaporative liquid outlet, the indirect heat exchange section including an indirect heat exchanger in the housing, the indirect heat exchanger having a plurality of internal passageways configured to conduct an internal fluid stream, the evaporative liquid distribution assembly including a conduit connected to the evaporative liquid outlet of the housing, the direct heat exchange section comprising an air inlet and an air outlet,
directing an evaporative liquid into the housing of the indirect heat exchange section via the evaporative liquid inlet, through a plurality of external passageways of the indirect heat exchanger, and exiting from the evaporative liquid outlet of the housing, wherein indirect heat exchange occurs between the internal fluid stream in the internal passageways of the indirect heat exchanger and the evaporative liquid in the external passageways of the indirect heat exchanger,
directing the evaporative liquid from the evaporative liquid outlet of the housing to the conduit of the evaporative liquid distribution assembly;
distributing the evaporative liquid onto and through the direct heat exchange section from the evaporative liquid distribution assembly, the evaporative liquid distribution assembly being downstream from the indirect heat exchange section in the direction of flow of the evaporative liquid,
operating a fan assembly to move air in the structure including moving air between the air inlet and the air outlet of the direct heat exchange section, the air moving through the direct heat exchange section directly exchanging heat with the evaporative liquid moving through the direct heat exchange section;
contacting an outer surface of the housing with air moved by the fan assembly, the evaporative liquid, or a combination thereof to transfer heat relative to the housing;
wherein directing the evaporative liquid into the housing of the indirect heat exchange section includes using an evaporative fluid pump to pump the evaporative liquid to the evaporative liquid inlet of the housing; and
wherein air is pumped into the indirect heat exchange housing and through the exterior passageways of the indirect heat exchanger when the evaporative fluid pump is off to sensibly cool the indirect heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 11,029,092

MAGNETIC ENERGY HARVESTING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ELECTRIC METALLURGICAL FURNACES AND SIMILAR ENVIRONMENTS

HATCH LTD., Mississauga ...

1. An electronic device, comprising:an interface for receiving sensor readings;
a transmitter configured to transmit the sensor readings to a remote device; and
a magnetic energy harvesting device comprising a conductor configured to generate electricity when in the presence of an irregular time-varying magnetic field from an industrial source, the magnetic energy harvesting device electrically connected with the electronic device to power the interface to receive the sensor readings and to power the transmitter to transmit the sensor readings.

US Pat. No. 11,029,091

ARC FURNACE BOTTOM CONSTRUCTION

Outokumpu Oyj, Helsinki ...

1. An arc furnace bottom construction for maintaining an outer surface temperature of the arc furnace bottom construction at least at a lower part of an arc furnace essentially close to a temperature surrounding the arc furnace, wherein the bottom construction comprises at least two separate constructions to be cooled, wherein the at least two separate constructions comprise at least an upper construction and a lower construction,the upper construction is positioned at a first height seen from a side view and the lower construction is positioned at a second height seen from the side view, the first height being different from the second height, and
the lower construction is attached to an external jacket of the arc furnace and is movable with respect to a supporting framework of the arc furnace.

US Pat. No. 11,029,090

INDUSTRIAL FURNACE AND METHOD OF UTILIZING HEAT THEREFROM

NGK Insulators, Ltd., Na...

1. A continuous industrial furnace comprising: an inlet; a heating zone; a cooling zone; and an outlet in this order, the continuous industrial furnace being configured to heat-treat a workpiece while conveying the workpiece from the inlet to the outlet,wherein at least a part of the cooling zone comprises a furnace wall heat insulation structure, the furnace wall heat insulation structure comprising: an outer wall having one or more gas introducing ports; and a porous thermal insulation layer having a lower surface, at least one side surface, and an upper surface, and defining a gap between the upper surface thereof and an inner side of the outer wall;
wherein the at least one side surface of the porous thermal insulation layer contacts at least a portion of an outer surface of the cooling zone;
wherein an inflowing gas in the gap defines a gas layer covering the upper surface of the porous thermal insulation layer; and
wherein the cooling zone further comprises one or more exhaust ports for sucking and discharging the gas after the gas flows into the cooling zone of the furnace from the gas introducing ports through the gap and the porous thermal insulation layer in this order and then is utilized for cooling the workpiece.

US Pat. No. 11,029,089

APPARATUS FOR THE TEMPERATURE CONTROL OF OBJECTS, IN PARTICULAR FOR DRYING COATED VEHICLE BODIES

1. An apparatus for the temperature control of objects comprising:a temperature control space with at least one air lock region
a conveying device for conveying objects through the temperature control space, the conveying device comprising available spaces for objects;
a fresh air device for producing fresh air which can be fed to the temperature control space;
a recirculating air device which removes temperature control space waste air from the temperature control space and produces recirculating air which can be fed to the temperature control space,
a feed air device for feeding air to the temperature control space;
a detection device for detecting empty spaces where no objects are being conveyed on the conveying device; and
a control device,
wherein an overall volumetric flow is fed to the temperature control space from the feed air device, the overall volumetric flow comprising a fresh air volumetric flow, and the control device is set up to reduce the temperature and the fresh air volumetric flow in response to empty spaces being detected on the conveying device by the detection device, the control device further being set up to supply the feed air device with a recirculating volumetric flow of recirculating air from the recirculating air device to supplement the fresh air volumetric flow to ensure that the overall volumetric flow does not drop beneath a lower threshold when the temperature in the temperature control space and the fresh air volumetric flow is reduced in response to the apparatus operating at a reduced load.

US Pat. No. 11,029,088

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DRYING ARTICLES

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A method for dehydrating a wet article with a radio frequency (RF) applicator having an anode element, a cathode element, and a controller, the method comprising:capacitively coupling the anode element to the cathode element;
energizing the RF applicator to generate a field of electromagnetic radiation (e-field) within the radio frequency spectrum between the anode and cathode elements;
determining in the controller a dynamic drying cycle of operation; and
controlling the energization of the RF applicator according to the determination of the dynamic drying cycle of operation wherein liquid in the wet article residing within the e-field will be dielectrically heated to effect a drying of the wet article.

US Pat. No. 11,029,087

METHOD FOR UTILIZING WASTE AIR TO IMPROVE THE CAPACITY OF AN EXISTING AIR SEPARATION UNIT

1. A method for improving the capacity of an existing air separation unit comprising a lost air turbine, wherein the existing air separation unit further comprises a main air compressor, a precooling unit, a front-end purification unit, a booster, a main heat exchanger, and a column system, the method comprising the steps of:a. compressing air in the main air compressor;
b. cooling the compressed air in the precooling unit;
c. removing water and carbon dioxide from the compressed air in the front-end purification unit to form a dry air stream;
d. boosting the pressure of the dry air stream in the booster to form a boosted air stream;
e. cooling at least a first portion of the boosted air stream in the main heat exchanger and expanding the first portion of the boosted air stream in a valve before sending the resulting fluid to the column system under conditions effective for separating air into nitrogen and oxygen;
f. cooling a second portion of the boosted air stream in the main heat exchanger and expanding the second portion of the boosted air stream in an expansion turbine to produce an expanded air stream;
g. warming at least a first portion of the expanded air stream in the main heat exchanger;
h. withdrawing the at least first portion of the expanded air stream from an intermediate section of the main heat exchanger and expanding the at least the first portion of the expanded air stream in the lost air turbine to produce an expanded first stream, wherein the lost air turbine is configured to drive the booster;
i. warming the expanded first stream in the main heat exchanger;
j. withdrawing the expanded first stream from a warm end of the main heat exchanger;
k. compressing the expanded first stream in a supplemental air compressor to form a second compressed air; and
l. combining the second compressed air with dry air stream downstream the front-end purification unit.

US Pat. No. 11,029,086

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REDUCING PROCESS DISTURBANCES DURING PRESSURIZATION OF AN ADSORBER IN AN AIR SEPARATION UNIT

7. An apparatus for reducing process disturbances during pressurization of an adsorber in an air separation unit, wherein the apparatus comprises:a main air compressor configured to compress an air stream to form a compressed main air stream;
a front end purification unit configured to purify the compressed main air stream of water and carbon dioxide to form a dry main air stream, wherein the front end purification unit comprises two adsorbers, wherein each adsorber is configured to operate with an adsorption cycle, a regeneration cycle, and a pressurization cycle;
a booster air compressor in fluid communication with the front end purification unit, wherein the booster air compressor is configured to boost a second portion of the dry main air stream to a higher pressure PH to form a boosted air stream;
an air buffer tank having an air inlet in fluid communication with an outlet of the booster air compressor, wherein the air buffer tank is configured to receive a second portion of the boosted air stream, wherein an outlet of the air buffer tank is in fluid communication with the front end purification unit;
a cold box in fluid communication with the front end purification unit and the outlet of the booster air compressor, wherein the cold box is configured to receive the first portion of the dry main air stream and the first portion of the boosted air stream, wherein the cold box houses a main heat exchanger and a distillation column system, wherein the main heat exchanger is configured to cool the first portion of the dry main air stream and the first portion of the boosted air stream to a cryogenic temperature suitable for rectification of air, wherein the distillation column system is configured to receive the first portion of the dry main air stream and the first portion of the boosted air stream from the main heat exchanger after cooling, wherein the distillation column system is configured to separate the dry main air stream and the boosted air stream into nitrogen and oxygen;
wherein during a pressurization cycle of each adsorber, a valve located between the air buffer tank and the front end purification unit is configured to open to allow for dry air to flow from the air buffer tank to the adsorber,
wherein the valve is configured to close, thereby stopping the flow of dry air to the adsorber, once the pressurization cycle is completed.

US Pat. No. 11,029,085

BOG PROCESSING APPARATUS

Chiyoda Corporation, Yok...

1. A BOG processing apparatus for processing boil-off gas (BOG) generated from liquefied gas in a liquefied gas storage tank comprising:a cooling device for cooling the BOG by thermal exchange with the liquefied gas; and
a recovery device for recovering a remaining liquid of the liquefied gas remaining for use in cooling by the cooling device, or a mixed liquid in which liquid of the BOG cooled and liquefied by the cooling device and the liquefied gas are mixed,
wherein the cooling device includes
a cooling drum formed in a cylindrical shape extending up and down, and circulating BOG from below to above;
a BOG inlet part introducing the BOG from a lower portion of the cooling drum into an inside of the cooling drum;
a first spray provided above the BOG inlet part and upwardly spraying the liquefied gas;
a first filled layer provided above the first spray and bringing the liquefied gas into contact with the BOG;
a second spray provided above the first filled layer and downwardly spraying the liquefied gas;
a BOG outlet part provided in an upper portion of the cooling drum and sending the BOG cooled;
a liquid outlet part provided in the lower portion of the cooling drum and sending the remaining liquid or the mixed liquid to the recovery device;
a BOG supply line connected to the BOG inlet part and supplying the BOG from the liquefied gas storage tank; and
a BOG circulation line connected to the BOG supply line and circulating the BOG to the BOG supply line, wherein the BOG is introduced from the BOG outlet part.

US Pat. No. 11,029,084

LED LIGHTING ARRAY SYSTEM FOR ILLUMINATING A DISPLAY CASE

ElectraLED, Inc., Clearw...

1. A lighting array system featuring light emitting diodes (LEDs) for use with at least one support member within a refrigerated cooler to illuminate products residing within the cooler, the lighting array system comprising:a light engine that includes a linear current regulator, a protective diode, a ballast resistor, a transient voltage suppressor and an insulation displacement connector; and
at least one module configured to be installed within a support member, each module comprising:
a housing having a first aperture and a second aperture, a first internal reflecting surface extending outward from the first aperture, and a second internal reflecting surface extending outward from the second aperture,
an external lens configured to substantially overlie an upper extent of the housing,
a first LED associated with the first aperture,
a second LED associated with the second aperture, and
wherein during operation of the lighting array system, a first portion of light generated by said first and second LEDs is discharged through the lens, and a second portion of light generated by said first and second LEDs is redirected by the reflecting surface through the lens.

US Pat. No. 11,029,083

BEVERAGE DISPENSER AND REFRIGERATION APPLIANCE COMPRISING A BEVERAGE DISPENSER

BSH Hausgeraete GmbH, Mu...

1. A beverage dispenser, comprising:a housing having a dispenser recess formed therein and a rear wall;
an actuation lever mounted in said dispenser recess in such a way as to be able to pivot about an axis, said actuation lever having a light exit;
at least one illuminator disposed on said rear wall covered by said actuation lever;
at least one optical waveguide extending from said illuminator for illuminating said dispenser recess, said optical waveguide connecting said illuminator to said light exit of said actuation lever;
a base mounted on said rear wall, said actuation lever is articulated on said base and said optical waveguide is fastened to said base, said base being a hollow body opening toward said rear wall of said housing, said hollow body having a wall with an edge facing said rear wall and at least one recessed portion formed therein toward said edge, said recessed portion being open on said edge thereof, and said optical waveguide is inserted from said edge into said recessed portion.

US Pat. No. 11,029,082

HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCE APPARATUS, HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCE HAVING THE HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCE APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MOUNTING A HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCE APPARATUS

BSH Hausgeraete GmbH, Mu...

1. A household appliance apparatus, comprising:a housing base unit having a first base portion and at least one second base portion having a planar edge adjoining an underside of said at least one first base portion, said first base portion and said second base portion together defining a lower face of a household appliance, said lower face facing a supporting surface for supporting the apparatus, said at least one second base portion defining a compressor support rail, said first base portion and said at least one second base portion defining an intermediate space therebetween at said planar edge, said intermediate space being an inwardly directed recess extending over an entire width of said housing base unit; and
at least one supporting unit for contacting with the supporting surface, the at least one supporting unit disposed at least partially in said intermediate space.

US Pat. No. 11,029,081

SUPER SMART SAFARI 360° REFRIGERATOR AND FREEZER (CENTRAL MOBILITY AND ROTATION, MANUAL AND AUTOMATIC) EQUIPPED WITH WATER RESERVOIR, BATTERY AND INTERNET CONNECTION

1. A refrigerator and freezer, capable of providing up to 360 degree access to items stored within, comprising:a mobile main support platform located at a lower end of said refrigerator and freezer, for supporting said refrigerator and freezer; wherein said mobile main support is rotatable about a fixed axis;
an interior space having shelves for holding items to be cooled; said interior space enclosed by at least one hinged freezer door and at least one hinged refrigerator door;
a central cooling cylinder, wherein the central cooling cylinder is associated with and in fluid flow with a water reservoir, an evaporator, a condenser and a compression pump for cooling items placed within said interior space of said refrigerator and freezer;a battery storage reservoir;wherein said refrigerator and freezer are essentially polygonal and cylindrical;
and wherein said mobile main platform may be rotated manually, or electrically using a remote control; wherein rotation of said mobile main support platform upon said fixed axis rotates said refrigerator and freezer, to grant 360° user access to said doors;anda smart digital system connected to a plurality of cameras; wherein a first set of said cameras is situated inside said refrigerator and freezer, and a second set of cameras is situated outside said refrigerator and freezer, and wherein said cameras are capable of transmitting images to one or more users and receiving messages from one or more users;
wherein said smart digital system is connected to a network for smart shopping, wherein a remote control device and a plurality of one or more satellite telephones are also part of the network.