US Pat. No. 10,459,362

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS HAVING A VOLTAGE SETTER FOR SETTING THE PROPER INTER-PEAK VOLTAGE VALUE

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a photoconductor including a photoconductive layer forming a surface for carrying an electrostatic latent image;
a charging member arranged in contact with or in proximity to the surface;
a voltage applier for charging the surface by applying an oscillating voltage obtained by superimposing a direct-current voltage and an alternating-current voltage to the charging member;
a storage unit for storing in advance relationship information representing a relationship between an electrical characteristic of discharge products adhering to the surface and a proper inter-peak voltage value which is an inter-peak voltage value of the alternating-current voltage capable of properly charging the surface;
a current detector for detecting a current value of a current flowing from the charging member to the photoconductor;
a characteristic deriver for deriving the electrical characteristic of the discharge products adhering to the surface on the basis of the oscillating voltage applied to the charging member by the voltage applier and the current value; and
a voltage setter for setting the proper inter-peak voltage value corresponding to the electrical characteristic derived by the characteristic deriver in the relationship information as the inter-peak voltage value of the alternating-current voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,459,361

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH VOLTAGE ADJUSTMENT MEMBER

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image bearing member that bears a toner image;
an endless belt that rotates in contact with the image bearing member;
a current supply member that contacts the belt at a position different from a position, at which the image bearing member contacts the belt with respect to a rotating direction of the belt, and supplies a current to the belt;
a control portion that outputs a control signal;
a contact member that contacts the belt; and
a voltage adjustment portion that has a voltage adjustment member connected to the contact member and that changes an amount of the current flowing from the current supply member to the voltage adjustment member via the belt according to the control signal input from the control portion, thereby changing a magnitude of a transfer potential at a part, at which the belt contacts the image bearing member.

US Pat. No. 10,459,360

TONER AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A toner comprising:a binder resin comprising a polyester resin;
a release agent comprising an ester wax which comprises a monoester wax comprising a straight-chain saturated monocarboxylic acid having 14 to 30 carbon atoms and a straight-chain saturated monovalent alcohol having 14 to 30 carbon atoms, wherein the ester wax has a dispersion diameter of from 0.1 to 0.5 ?m in a cross-section of the toner dyed with ruthenium; and
a wax dispersing agent comprising a hybrid resin, the hybrid resin comprising:
a condensation polymerization resin unit comprising a condensation polymerization product of an aromatic alcohol component and a carboxylic acid component, the carboxylic acid component comprising an aliphatic dicarboxylic acid having 9 to 14 carbon atoms; and
an addition polymerization resin unit comprising an addition polymerization product of a styrene monomer,
wherein the toner has an endothermic peak having an endothermic quantity of from 3 to 10 J/g and said endothermic peak arises from the ester wax.

US Pat. No. 10,459,358

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A TONER

ZEON CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A method for producing a toner comprising combining a binder resin, a wax, a negatively-chargeable charge control resin and a colorant to form the toner,prior to said combining, the negatively-chargeable charge control resin is obtained by drying treatment conducted for 2 to 24 hours under conditions of a drying temperature of 45 to 80° C. and a pressure of 0.5 to 20 kPa,
wherein the negatively-chargeable charge control resin comprises a monomer unit having a functional group that imparts a negative charging property, a vinyl aromatic hydrocarbon monomer unit, and a (meth)acrylate monomer unit; and
wherein, as a result of gas chromatography analysis of a supernatant obtained by dissolving the negatively-chargeable charge control resin in a first organic solvent to prepare a negatively-chargeable charge control resin solution and then adding a second organic solvent to the negatively-chargeable charge control resin solution to precipitate a polymer component and to obtain the supernatant,
a first total amount of components detected in a range of a peak detecting time of hydrocarbons having 5 to 9 carbons is 500 ppm or less in terms of styrene;
a second total amount of components detected in a range of a peak detecting time of hydrocarbons having 10 to 18 carbons is 5,000 ppm or less in terms of styrene; and
an amount of a component corresponding to a maximum peak of peaks of hydrocarbons having 10 to 18 carbons is 3,000 ppm or less in terms of styrene.

US Pat. No. 10,459,357

ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTORECEPTOR, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. An electrophotographic photoreceptor comprising:a conductive substrate;
an undercoat layer formed on the conductive substrate and containing a polyurethane resin, metal oxide particles, a silane coupling agent having an amino group, and a compound represented by General Formula (ID), wherein an amount of the silane coupling agent is approximately from 5 parts by mass to 15 parts by mass relative to 1 part by mass of the compound represented by General Formula (ID):

where R1 to R8 each independently represents a hydrogen atom, a nitro group, a cyano group, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a saturated or unsaturated aliphatic hydrocarbon group optionally having a substituent, an aromatic hydrocarbon group optionally having a substituent, an alkoxy group optionally having a substituent, an aryloxy group optionally having a substituent, a sulfo group optionally having a substituent, an amino group, an alkylamino group optionally having a substituent, or an arylamino group optionally having a substituent; and R1 and R2, R2 and R3, R3 and R4, R5 and R6, R6 and R7, and R7 and R8 are optionally individually bonded to each other to form aromatic rings; and
a photosensitive layer formed on the undercoat layer.

US Pat. No. 10,459,356

CHARGING MEMBER, PROCESS CARTRIDGE AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A charging member comprising:an electroconductive support;
an electroconductive elastic layer; and
a surface layer,
the electroconductive elastic layer containing electrically insulating domains such that at least a part of the electrically insulating domains is exposed on a surface of the electroconductive elastic layer,
the surface layer containing a polymetalloxane having a structure represented by Structural Formula (a1);
wherein M1 in Structural Formula (a1) is bonded to a carbon atom in a structural unit represented by Structural Formula (a2) with a linking group represented by Structural Formula (a3):

where in Structural Formula (a1),
M1 represents a metal atom selected from the group consisting of Ti, Zr, Hf, V, Nb, Ta, W, Al, Ga, In and Ge;
in the case that M1 is Al, Ga or In, then k=3;
in the case that M1 is Ti, Zr, Hf or Ge, then k=4;
in the case that M1 is Nb, Ta or W, then k=5;
in the case that M1 is V, then k=3 or 5;
s represents an integer of 0 or more and (k?2) or less; and
L1 represents a ligand having a structure represented by Formula (b) or a ligand having a structure represented by Formula (c);

where in Formula (b),
X1 represents a structure represented by one of Formulae (1) to (4);
Y1 represents a group having a site of coordination with M1 in Structural Formula (a1);
A1 represents a direct bond or an atomic group needed to form a 4- to 8-membered ring with M1, X1 and Y1; and
a symbol “**” represents a site of bonding to or coordination with M1;

where in Formulae (1) to (4),
a symbol “**” represents a site of bonding to M1 in Structural Formula (a1); and
a symbol “***” represents a site of bonding to A1 in Formula (b);

where in Formula (c),
R11 to R15 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or a trimethylsilyl group; and
a symbol “****” represents a site of coordination with M1 in Structural Formula (a1);
where in Structural Formula (a2),
R1 to R3 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms; and
a symbol “*1” represents a site of bonding to Z in Structural Formula (a3); and
where in Structural Formula (a3),
Z represents a substituted or unsubstituted phenylene group, provided that the substituent in the substituted phenylene group is a halogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms;
a symbol “*1” represents a site of bonding to the symbol “*1” in Structural Formula (a2); and
a symbol “*2” represents a site of bonding to M1 in Structural Formula (a1).

US Pat. No. 10,459,355

TEMPLATE SUBSTRATE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Toshiba Memory Corporatio...

1. A template substrate comprising:a first face;
a second face on an opposite side to the first face;
a first region located on the first face to be protruded from a peripheral portion thereof; and
a second region located at least at an end portion of the first region, the second region in which an alignment mark used at a time of transfer of a pattern is intended to be formed, and the second region containing a first impurity and a second impurity,
wherein
an ionization tendency of an element as the second impurity is smaller than that of an element as the first impurity, and
an atomic weight of the element as the first impurity is smaller than that of the element as the second impurity.

US Pat. No. 10,459,354

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND LITHOGRAPHIC PROJECTION METHOD

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A lithographic apparatus comprising:a support constructed to support a patterning device, the patterning device being capable of imparting a radiation beam with a pattern in its cross-section to form a patterned radiation beam and having a transparent layer coupled thereto,
a substrate table constructed to hold a substrate;
a projection system configured to project the patterned radiation beam onto a target portion of the substrate; and
a profiling system configured to determine a quantity representative of a deformation profile assumed by the transparent layer during a scanning movement within the lithographic apparatus,
wherein the profiling system comprises a sensor system configured to sense the quantity during the scanning movement within the lithographic apparatus, the sensor system comprising:
at least one laser output configured to radiate at least one laser beam at a grazing angle of incidence onto the transparent layer, and
a detector to detect the at least one laser beam after reflection of the at least one laser beam at the transparent layer.

US Pat. No. 10,459,353

LITHOGRAPHY SYSTEM WITH AN EMBEDDED CLEANING MODULE

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A lithography system, comprising:an exposing module configured to perform a lithography exposing process using a mask secured on a mask stage, wherein the mask stage includes a recess configured to expose a surface of the mask for cleaning; and
a cleaning module integrated in the exposing module and configured to clean the mask using an attraction mechanism, the cleaning module including a cleaning structure configured to introduce the attraction mechanism into the recess of the mask stage to clean the exposed surface of the mask secured thereupon;
wherein:
the cleaning structure includes a carrier substrate and the attraction mechanism is disposed on a top surface of the carrier substrate; and
the attraction mechanism includes a material with non-polar chains and polar compound.

US Pat. No. 10,459,352

MASK CLEANING

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. A lithography system comprising:a load lock chamber comprising an opening configured to receive a mask;
an exposure module configured to expose a semiconductor wafer to a light source through use of the mask; and
a cleaning module embedded inside the lithography tool, the cleaning module being configured to clean carbon particles from the mask;
wherein the cleaning module is integrated into the load lock chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,459,351

DEVICE FOR TRANSMITTING ELECTRICAL SIGNALS, AND LITHOGRAPHY APPARATUS

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. A device, comprising:an electrical conductor electrically connecting a first interface element to a second interface element, the first interface element arranged at a first structure, and the second interface element arranged at a second structure; and
a hollow body surrounding at least portions of the electrical conductor to electromagnetically shield the electrical conductor,
wherein:
the hollow body comprises first and second partial hollow bodies;
the first partial hollow body contacts the first section;
the first partial hollow body is electrically conductively connected to the first structure;
the second partial hollow body contacts the second structure;
the second partial hollow body is electrically conductively connected to the second structure;
the hollow body has a gap in an overlap section between the first and second partial hollow bodies; and
the gap is configured to permit relative movement between the first and second structures to mechanically decouple the first structure from the second structure.

US Pat. No. 10,459,350

LINEAR MOTOR, STAGE APPARATUS, AND EXPOSURE APPARATUS

Nikon Corporation, Tokyo...

21. A linear motor comprising:a unit having a coil body and a liquid protection layer that covers the coil body;
a surrounding member having an internal space in which accommodated;
a flow passage formed between the surrounding member and the protection layer;
a wiring extending between the coil body and outside of the surrounding member; and
a covering member that is different from the liquid protection layer and that covers the wiring and protects the wiring against the liquid in the flow passage,
wherein the covering member has a level surface in contact with the surrounding member and has a protruding portion that extends through the surrounding member and through which the wiring extends to the outside, and
wherein a waterproofing cover covers the protrusion and is in contact with an outer surface of the surrounding member.

US Pat. No. 10,459,349

EXPOSURE METHOD, EXPOSURE APPARATUS AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ARTICLE

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An exposure method of exposing exposure regions on a substrate by illuminating a pattern on an original, the method comprising:moving the substrate during a period from a start to an end of exposure performed on any region among the exposure regions,
wherein a timing at which the substrate is moved during the period is determined on the basis of a difference between a width of a pattern formed on the substrate in a first direction and a width of the pattern formed on the substrate in a second direction different from the first direction, and the first and second directions are directions which are parallel with a surface of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,459,348

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF INSPECTING DEVICE UNDER TEST, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An inspection system for a device under test (DUT) comprising:an image sensor configured to capture an image of the DUT;
a first image obtaining device through a N-th image obtaining device connected to the image sensor, wherein N is a first natural number greater than or equal to two, and each of the first image obtaining device through the N-th image obtaining device is configured to receive image data corresponding to the image of the DUT captured by the image sensor;
a first switch through a K-th switch, each of which is connected to a respective one of the first image obtaining device through the N-th image obtaining device, wherein K is a second natural number greater than or equal to two;
a first image processing device through a M-th image processing device, each of which is connected to a respective one of the first switch through the K-th switch, wherein M is a third natural number greater than or equal to two, each of the first image processing device through the M-th image processing device is configured to:
receive the image data that is output from one of the first image obtaining device through the N-th image obtaining device and is distributed by one of the first switch through the K-th switch, and
generate a corresponding processed data by performing a processing operation on the image data; and
a (M+1)th image processing device connected to one of the first switch through the K-th switch, wherein the (M+1)th image processing device is configured to:
receive the image data, and
generate additional processed data by performing an additional processing operation on the image data.

US Pat. No. 10,459,347

INSPECTION METHOD, INSPECTION APPARATUS AND ILLUMINATION METHOD AND APPARATUS

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

14. A method of manufacturing devices wherein device features and metrology targets are formed on a series of substrates by a lithographic process, wherein properties of the metrology targets on one or more processed substrates are measured by a method comprising:using a radiation source to produce illuminating radiation, wherein the radiation source comprises a higher harmonic generating (HHG) source;
providing the illuminating radiation, wherein the illuminating radiation comprises at least one illuminating radiation beam, and wherein the at least one illuminating radiation beam comprises a first illuminating component and a second illuminating component, at least one of the first illuminating component or the second illuminating component having a controllable characteristic;
illuminating one of the metrology targets with at least the first illuminating component and the second illuminating component, the controllable characteristic of the at least one of the first illuminating component or the second illuminating component is controlled such that the first illuminating component and the second illuminating component of the at least one illumination beam form a periodic illuminating pattern;
capturing at least one scattered radiation pattern formed by the illuminating radiation after scattering by the one of the metrology targets for at least one value of the controllable characteristic; and
reconstructing data describing the one of the metrology targets based on the at least one scattered radiation patterns,
wherein the measured properties are used to adjust parameters of the lithographic process for the processing of further substrates.

US Pat. No. 10,459,346

FLOWS OF OPTIMIZATION FOR LITHOGRAPHIC PROCESSES

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method to improve a lithographic process for imaging a portion of a design layout onto a substrate using a lithographic projection apparatus comprising an illumination system and projection optics, the method comprising:optimizing, by a hardware computer system, a patterning device defocus value of the lithographic process; and
optimizing, by the hardware computer system performing a simulation and based on the patterning device defocus value, the portion of the design layout for each of a plurality of slit positions of an illumination for a patterning device.

US Pat. No. 10,459,345

FOCUS-DOSE CO-OPTIMIZATION BASED ON OVERLAPPING PROCESS WINDOW

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method of improving a lithographic process of imaging a portion of a design layout onto a substrate using a lithographic apparatus, the method comprising:during or before the imaging, adjusting, by a hardware computer system, a first processing parameter among processing parameters of the lithographic process to cause the imaging to be more tolerant to perturbations of at least one of the processing parameters; and
during or before the imaging, adjusting, by the hardware computer system, a second processing parameter among processing parameters of the lithographic process to cause the imaging to be more tolerant to perturbations of at least one of the processing parameters,
wherein adjustment of the first processing parameter and/or of the second processing parameter is under a constraint on an amount of adjustment such that the adjusting of the first and second processing parameters cannot adjust the first and second processing parameters, at a particular time, to both their values that cause the imaging to be maximally tolerant to perturbations of the first and second processing parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,459,344

EXPOSURE METHOD AND EXPOSURE DEVICE

MITUTOYO CORPORATION, Ka...

1. An exposure method for projecting a pattern of an exposure mask onto a work by an exposure light, the exposure method comprising:moving the exposure mask to a target exposure position on the work;
position-controlling a position of the exposure mask at the target exposure position;
calculating an exposure position on the work from a relative positional relationship of the exposure mask and the work;
setting a predetermined range that includes the target exposure position on the work and permits projecting the pattern even when the exposure position is out of the target exposure position as an exposure position range; and
executing an exposure control by an exposure controlling signal that executes irradiation of the exposure light to the exposure mask when the calculated exposure position is in the set exposure position range, and that stops irradiation of the exposure light when the exposure position is out of the exposure position range, while the position of the exposure mask is position-controlled at the target exposure position,
wherein the exposure light is irradiated for a predetermined exposure time by the exposure control.

US Pat. No. 10,459,343

ILLUMINATION DEVICE

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An illumination optical system which illuminates a pattern surface with light from a light source and is capable of being applied to an exposure apparatus for exposing an image of a pattern arranged on the pattern surface onto a workpiece, the illumination optical system comprising:a fly's eye optical system having a plurality of optical surfaces arranged on a surface crossing an optical path of the light from the light source;
a condenser optical system configured to condense a plurality of light beams respectively passing through the plurality of optical surfaces of the fly's eye optical system and direct the condensed light beams onto the pattern surface; and
a light intensity distribution changing member arranged on an optical path between the light source and the fly's eye optical system, the light intensity distribution changing member being configured to change a first light amount of a first light beam with respect to a second light amount of a second light beam, while causing the first light beam to enter at a first position on one optical surface of the plurality of optical surfaces of the fly's eye optical system and causing the second light beam to enter at a second position located on the one optical surface and different from the first position.

US Pat. No. 10,459,342

RADIATION SOURCE, LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD, SENSOR SYSTEM AND SENSING METHOD

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A sensor system for measuring a ballistic particle flux, the sensor system comprising:a sensor device configured to measure ballistic particles and environmental contamination incident thereon; and
a shield configured to selectively prevent the ballistic particle flux reaching the sensor device but to allow the environmental contamination to reach the sensor device.

US Pat. No. 10,459,341

MULTI-CONFIGURATION DIGITAL LITHOGRAPHY SYSTEM

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. A system, comprising:a first image projection apparatus, wherein the first image projection apparatus is configured to expose a plurality of substrates to a first pattern, wherein the plurality of substrates includes at least one substrate that is a different size or shape than any of the other substrates;
a second image projection apparatus, wherein the second image projection apparatus is configured to expose the plurality of substrates to a second pattern, wherein the resolution of the first pattern is different from the resolution of the second pattern;
a substrate support movable to position the plurality of substrates beneath the first image projection apparatus and the second image projection apparatus;
a slab;
a pair of supports disposed on the slab; and
a pair of tracks supported by the pair of supports, the substrate support disposed on the pair of tracks, wherein the pair of tracks is a pair of parallel magnetic channels.

US Pat. No. 10,459,340

DEVELOPING METHOD, COMPUTER-READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM AND DEVELOPING APPARATUS

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

1. A developing method for supplying a developing solution onto a substrate and developing a resist film formed on the substrate and provided with a predetermined exposed pattern, the method comprising:forming a liquid pool of a diluted developing solution diluted with pure water in a central portion of the substrate;
after forming the liquid pool, forming a liquid film of the diluted developing solution on a surface of the substrate by accelerating rotation of the substrate to a first rotational speed to diffuse the liquid pool of the diluted developing solution on the entire surface of the substrate; and
after forming the liquid film, supplying the developing solution onto the substrate while rotating the substrate at a second rotational speed that is lower than the first rotational speed, the step of supplying the developing solution including:
supplying the developing solution from a developing solution supply nozzle having a liquid contact surface while securing a gap having a predetermined size between the developing solution supply nozzle and the substrate; and
moving the developing solution supply nozzle from the central portion of the substrate to an outer peripheral portion of the substrate along a radial direction passing through a center of the substrate while forming a liquid pool of the developing solution between the substrate and the liquid contact surface of the developing solution supply nozzle,
wherein, in the step of forming the liquid film, the substrate, which is not rotating, is accelerated to a third rotational speed that is lower than the first rotational speed, then the substrate is decelerated to a fourth rotational speed that is lower than the third rotational speed, and then the substrate is accelerated to the first rotational speed.

US Pat. No. 10,459,339

RESIST PATTERN FORMING METHOD, COATING AND DEVELOPING APPARATUS AND STORAGE MEDIUM

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

1. A resist pattern forming method comprising:a step of applying a chemically amplified resist to a substrate thereby forming a resist film on the substrate;
a step of, after the step of applying the chemically amplified resist, exposing the resist film formed on the substrate thereby forming a latent image of a pattern;
a step of, after the step of exposing the resist film, irradiating from a first heating source the resist film with infrared light of wavelengths within a wavelength range from about 2.0 ?m to about 6.0 ?m such that the entire surface of the substrate having the resist film thereon is irradiated with the infrared light substantially uniformly and the resist film is not substantially irradiated with infrared light of wavelengths outside the wavelength range;
a step of, after the step of irradiating the resist film with the infrared light, heating the substrate by means of a second heating source that is different from the first heating source thereby diffusing acids that are produced in the resist film by the exposing; and
a step of, after the step of heating the substrate, forming a pattern of the resist film by supplying a developer to the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,459,336

QUANTUM DOT PHOTORESIST AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, DISPLAY SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A manufacturing method of a quantum dot photoresist, comprising:mixing quantum dots, photodiffusion materials and a photoresist mother solution, wherein surface treatment is carried out on the quantum dots; the photodiffusion materials are SiO2 nanoparticles; and
coating or adsorbing the SiO2 nanoparticles on surfaces of the quantum dots, which comprises:
dissolving the quantum dots in dispersant to obtain quantum dot dispersion solution;
mixing tetraethyl orthosilicate, cyclohexane, hexyl alcohol and polyoxyethylene-8-nonylphenyl ether, and stirring well to obtain stock solution of the photodiffusion material;
mixing the quantum dot dispersion solution and the stock solution of the photodiffusion material, then adding NH3.H2O, and stirring or ultrasonic dispersing to form first mixed dispersion solution in which the quantum dots are coated or adsorbed with the photodiffusion material; and
adding the first mixed dispersion solution into the photoresist mother solution to form second mixed dispersion solution.

US Pat. No. 10,459,335

TEMPLATE AND TEMPLATE MANUFACTURING METHOD

Toshiba Memory Corporatio...

1. A template comprising:a template substrate; and
a device formation pattern and an alignment mark provided on a common surface of the template substrate,
wherein the alignment mark includes
a refraction layer provided at a bottom of a first concave pattern provided on the template substrate, and
an insulating layer filling the first concave pattern provided with the refraction layer, and
the refraction layer is made of an organic film, or at least one material selected from the group consisting of Cr, Ta, Ti, Ru, TiN, TaO, TaN and SiN.

US Pat. No. 10,459,334

FACILITATION OF ORTHOTOPIC PATTERNS DURING SUBSTRATE FABRICATION

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

1. A method of facilitation of orthotropic patterns during substrate fabrication, the method comprising:obtaining, by a scanning electron microscope (SEM), an image of a pattern of lines and spaces on a patterned substrate;
measuring, by a processor, features of the lines of the pattern of the image obtained by the SEM, wherein the measured features include one or more line-independent features and one or more line-interdependent features;
calculating, by the processor, an orthotopicness factor based, at least in part, on the one or more line-interdependent features and employing one or more line-interdependent constraints, wherein the orthotopicness factor is one of a plurality of predetermined values, wherein each predetermined value is indicative of a relative degree of orthotopicness of the pattern of lines and spaces of the image;
updating a display with a visual representation of the calculated orthotopicness factor; and
generating, based on the calculated orthotopicness factor, instructions to adjust substrate fabrication of a substrate fabrication system, wherein the generated instructions direct a sub-system of the substrate fabrication system to improve orthotopicness of a pattern of lines and space of a layer of another substrate during fabrication of the another substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,459,332

MASK BLANK AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF, AND METHOD OF FABRICATING PHOTOMASK

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A method of fabricating a photomask, comprising:providing a mask blank comprising a transparent substrate, an opaque layer, a cooling layer, and a resist layer sequentially stacked thereon, wherein the cooling layer has a thermal conductivity ranging between 160 and 5000 and an effective atomic number ranging between 5 and 14, wherein a thickness of the cooling layer is equal to a thickness of the resist layer;
removing a portion of the resist layer to form a patterned resist layer exposing a portion of the cooling layer;
patterning the cooling layer by using the patterned resist layer as a mask;
patterning the opaque layer; and
removing the patterned resist layer and the patterned cooling layer.

US Pat. No. 10,459,331

MASK STRUCTURE AND COA TYPE ARRAY SUBSTRATE

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. A mask structure of a mask for manufacturing a color filter layer through hole, comprising a central light shielding portion, a peripheral light shielding portion surrounding the central light shielding portion and conforming to an outer contour shape of the central light shielding portion and a single circumambient hollow slit sandwiched between the peripheral light shielding portion and the central light shielding portion, wherein a width of the circumambient hollow slit is less than or equal to 2.0 ?m to diffract exposure light through the circumambient hollow slit to result in propagation of reverse bending and energy intensity gradient to gentle a taper of the color filter layer through hole;wherein the single circumambient hollow slit circumferentially surrounds the central light shielding portion such that the exposure light passing through the single circumambient hollow slit causes exposure at a first location corresponding to the single circumambient hollow slit and also causes exposure at a second location corresponding to the central light shielding portion, exposure of the first and second portions allowing the color filter layer through hole to be formed through exposure to light passing through only the single circumambient hollow slit.

US Pat. No. 10,459,330

HYBRID NANOCOMPOSITE MATERIALS, LASER SCANNING SYSTEM AND USE THEREOF IN VOLUMETRIC IMAGE PROJECTION

LUX IMAGE INC., Montreal...

1. A hybrid projection matrix, the matrix comprising a solid support transparent to light and a synergistic combination of at least two different types of particles inside of said solid support, wherein:a first type of particle is comprised of nano-emitting particles adapted to non-linearly absorb one or two photons and emit visible light; and
a second type of particle is comprised of one or more additives enhancing the non-linear absorption of the one or two photons and the emission of light visible by the nano-emitting particles, wherein said one or more additives is selected from the group consisting of gold nanoparticles, silver nanoparticles, semiconductor nanoparticles, nanocellulose, carbon nanotubes, two-dimensional materials, graphene, conductive polymers and semi-conductive polymers.

US Pat. No. 10,459,329

PROJECTION-TYPE DISPLAY APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A projection-type display apparatus, comprising:a light source unit capable of emitting first color light, second color light, third color light, and near infrared light;
a first reflection-type light modulation element for modulating the first color light;
a second reflection-type light modulation element for modulating the second color light;
a third reflection-type light modulation element for modulating the third color light;
a color combining unit configured to combine the first color light coming from the first reflection-type light modulation element, the second color light coming from the second reflection-type light modulation element, and the third color light coming from the third reflection-type light modulation element and guides combined light to a projection optical system;
a color separation unit configured to guide the first color light coming from the light source unit in a direction different from a direction of the second color light and the third color light coming from the light source unit;
a first polarization-separation unit configured to guide the first color light coming from the color separation unit to the first reflection-type light modulation element and guides the first color light coming from the first reflection-type light modulation element to the color combining unit; and
a second polarization-separation unit configured to guide the second color light coming from the color separation unit to the second reflection-type light modulation element, guides the third color light to the third reflection-type light modulation element, and guides the second color light coming from the second reflection-type light modulation element and the third color light coming from the third reflection-type color modulation element to the color combining unit,
where in the color separation unit is configured to guide the near infrared light coming from the light source unit to the first polarization separation unit,
wherein the color combining unit is configured to guide the near infrared light coming from the first polarization-separation unit to the projection optical system, and
wherein the first color light is green light, the second color light is red light, and the third color light is blue light.

US Pat. No. 10,459,328

DISPLAY DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING SWITCHING BETWEEN FIRST AND SECOND PROJECTORS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. A display device comprising:a screen having first and second surfaces;
a first projector configured to project a first horizontally non-inverted image as viewed from the first surface;
a second projector configured to project a second horizontally non-inverted image as viewed from the second surface; and
a controller configured to control switching between the first and second projectors so that the first horizontally non-inverted image that was projected on the first surface is projected on the second surface and so that the second horizontally non-inverted image that was projected on the second surface is projected on the first surface,
wherein the controller is configured to control so that, after a lapse of a predetermined time, the first horizontally non-inverted image that was projected on the first surface is projected on the second surface and the second horizontally non-inverted image that was projected on the second surface is projected on the first surface.

US Pat. No. 10,459,327

COMPACT VEHICLE HEAD-UP DISPLAY

1. A compact head-up display for an automobile vehicle, comprising:an image generator configured for displaying an image on a display surface;
a semi-reflecting optical element arranged at a distance from the image generator and configured for forming, on a first side of the optical element, a virtual image of the image of the image generator, the virtual image being visible from a viewing window situated on a second side of the optical element,
wherein the display comprises an optical component configured for lengthening the optical path of the image passing through it going from the image generator to the optical element,
the optical component comprising at least one entry face and one exit face for the image, together with a first reflecting face and a second reflecting face, the first reflecting face being configured for reflecting the image from the entry face toward the second reflecting face, and the second reflecting face being configured for reflecting the image from the first reflecting face toward the exit face,
the entry face being further in contact with the display surface of the image generator.

US Pat. No. 10,459,326

DUAL-COLOR PROJECTOR

Hisense Co., Ltd., Qingd...

13. A dual-color projector, comprising:a blue laser emitter configured to emit a blue light and a red laser emitter configured to emit a red light;
a disk comprising a first zone and a second zone, wherein the first zone is coated with green fluorescent powder, and the second zone is transmissive for the blue light;
a first non-rotating diffuser disposed in a blue light path of the blue light between the blue laser emitter and a light-combining element;
a second non-rotating diffuser disposed in a red light path of the red light between the red laser emitter and the light-combining element;
the light-combining element configured to:
receive the blue light output by the first non-rotating diffuser
receive the red light output by the second non-rotating diffuser;
output the blue light to the disk; and
output the red light to a rotating diffuser in a first direction, wherein a first part of the blue light is configured to excite the green fluorescent powder to emit a green fluorescence, and a second part of the blue light is configured to pass through the second zone;
a first reflector system configured to change direction of the second part of the blue light passed through the second zone and render the second part of the blue light passed through the second zone to incident on the light-combining element,
the light-combining element is further configured to receive the second part of the blue light output by the first reflector system and the green fluorescent emitted from the disk, and output the second part of the blue light and the green fluorescent to the rotating diffuser in the first direction;
the rotating diffuser disposed on a side of a lightpipe in a light path between the first non-rotating diffuser and the lightpipe, wherein the rotating diffuser comprises a green filter configured to filter the green fluorescence output by the light-combining element, a blue light diffusion zone configured to diffuse the second part of the blue light output by the light-combining element, and a red diffusion zone configured to diffuse the red light output by the light-combining element; and
the lightpipe configured to receive the green fluorescence output by the rotating diffuser, the second part of the blue light output by the rotating diffuser, and the red light output by the rotating diffuser.

US Pat. No. 10,459,325

IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS, IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD, AND STORAGE MEDIUM

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image processing apparatus for generating data used to form on a recording medium an uneven layer having a plurality of projections, the image processing apparatus comprising:a first brightness information obtaining unit configured to obtain first brightness information regarding a first brightness of a predetermined area of an object observed in a first viewing direction and regarding a second brightness of the predetermined area of the object observed in a second viewing direction, the second viewing direction being a direction having an azimuth angle different from an azimuth angle of the first viewing direction; and
a first recording amount data generation unit configured to generate first recording amount data that indicates a recording amount of recording material used to form the uneven layer on the recording medium, the uneven layer having the projections each having a base in a shape that changes in accordance with the first brightness information,
wherein a change in a brightness in accordance with a change in an azimuth angle of a viewing direction is controlled based on a projection included in the uneven layer, the projection having a base with a lateral length and a longitudinal length different from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,459,324

LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE AND PROJECTION DISPLAY DEVICE

Hisense Co., Ltd., Qingd...

1. A light source device, comprising a laser for generating laser light, a fluorescent wheel, a filter wheel and a control unit, wherein:the fluorescent wheel comprises a reflection section, and a transmission section for transmitting the laser light; wherein a first phosphor and a second phosphor are attached on a surface of the reflection section, and the first phosphor is configured to be excited by the laser light to emit yellow light and the second phosphor is configured to be excited by the laser light to emit green light;
the filter wheel comprises a transparent section, a red filter section and a green filter section; and
the control unit is configured to control the fluorescent wheel and the filter wheel to rotate in synchronization, and the laser light emitted from the transmission section of the fluorescent wheel and a part of the yellow light emitted from the first phosphor enter into the transparent section of the filter wheel, another part of the yellow light emitted from the first phosphor enter into the red filter section of the filter wheel, and the green light emitted from the second phosphor enter into the green filter section of the filter wheel.

US Pat. No. 10,459,323

PROJECTOR AND ILLUMINATION SYSTEM THEREOF

Coretronic Corporation, ...

1. An illumination system, comprising:a lens group, having an optical axis and a light flux cross-section perpendicular to the optical axis;
a dichroic device, comprising:
a first dichroic layer, adapted for reflecting a first excitation beam to the lens group;
a second dichroic layer, adapted for reflecting a second excitation beam to the lens group, wherein a projection region collectively formed by projecting the first dichroic layer and the second dichroic layer on the light flux cross-section in a direction parallel to the optical axis is larger than a ¼ area of the light flux cross-section and smaller than a ½ area of the light flux cross-section, and the optical axis does not pass through the first dichroic layer and the second dichroic layer;
a first excitation light source, adapted for emitting the first excitation beam toward the first dichroic layer; and
a second excitation light source, adapted for emitting the second excitation beam toward the second dichroic layer; and
a phosphor wheel, adapted for receiving the first excitation beam and the second excitation beam passing through the lens group and having a reflective region and at least one phosphor region, wherein the at least one phosphor region is adapted for converting the first excitation beam and the second excitation beam into a conversion beam and reflecting the conversion beam to the lens group, and the reflective region is adapted for reflecting the first excitation beam and the second excitation beam back to the lens group, wherein the conversion beam penetrates the first dichroic layer and the second dichroic layer.

US Pat. No. 10,459,322

LIGHT SOURCE SYSTEM AND PROJECTOR

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. A light source system comprising:a light source unit;
an optical path switching device configured to selectively switch a direction of incident light from the light source unit between a plurality of emission directions different than the direction of the incident light;
a heat dissipating unit which is positioned in one of the plurality of emission directions, which is different from a direction towards a projection lens; and
a light transmitting member which separates a space in which the optical path switching device is disposed from a space formed by the heat dissipating unit,
wherein the space in which the optical path switching device is disposed and the space formed by the heat dissipating member are different tightly closed spaces on opposite sides of the light transmitting member.

US Pat. No. 10,459,321

DISTORTION MATCHING POLARIZATION CONVERSION SYSTEMS AND METHODS THEREOF

RealD Inc., Beverly Hill...

1. An optical system, comprising:at least one polarization beam splitter (PBS) operable to receive randomly-polarized light bundles from a projector lens, further operable to direct first light bundles having a first state of polarization (SOP) along a first light path having a first optical path length to produce a first image having a first non-compensated distortion, further operable to direct second light bundles having a second SOP along a second light path having a second optical path length to produce a second image having a second distortion, and further operable to direct third light bundles having the first SOP along a third light path having a third optical path length to produce a third image having a third non-compensated distortion, the first non-compensated distortion and the second distortion having differing amounts of trapezoidal distortion;
a compensation in the first light path, the compensation operable to convert the first non-compensated distortion into a first compensated distortion, the first compensated distortion more closely matching the second distortion than the first non-compensated distortion;
a second compensation in the third light path, the second compensation operable to convert the third non-compensated distortion into a third compensated distortion, the third compensated distortion more closely matching the second distortion than the third non-compensated distortion; and
a first half-lens pair in the first light path and a second half-lens pair in the third light path, wherein the compensation creates a vertical tilt in at least one of the half-lenses in the first half-lens pair, and wherein the second compensation creates a vertical tilt in at least one of the half-lenses in the second half-lens pair.

US Pat. No. 10,459,320

PORTABLE PRINTER

TOMY COMPANY, LTD., Toky...

1. A portable printer comprising:a camera;
a printing part;
a supporting part being configured to support a portable electronic device including a display, in a way in which the display faces the camera with a predetermined distance away from the camera, the supporting part being configured to cover a space between the portable electronic device and the camera; and
a mirror being configured to reflect an image on the display and form reflected image thereon, the reflected image on the mirror being viewable by a user,
the camera being configured to capture the image on the display,
the printing part being configured to print the image captured by the camera.

US Pat. No. 10,459,319

SENSOR BRACKET

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A sensor bracket comprising:a bracket body attached to a vehicle having a sensor holding portion;
a sensor configured to detect a state around the vehicle and having an engagement protrusion which is configured to engage with the sensor holding portion of the bracket body, thereby holding the sensor to the bracket body;
a spring member provided in the bracket body, the spring member abutting against one side of the sensor and biasing the sensor in a direction that maintains an engagement between the engagement protrusion of the sensor and the sensor holding portion of the bracket body in a state where the sensor is mounted on the bracket body, the spring member moving from a first position to a second position in an engagement direction to complete the engagement, the spring member starting abutting against the sensor in the first position and then being deformed upon the movement to the second position; and
a restriction portion provided in the bracket body such that the restriction portion abuts an upper surface of the sensor in a physical contact manner when the spring member reaches the second position, thereby restricting a deformation of the spring member in the engagement direction that pushes the spring member so as to be within an elastic deformation range predetermined for the spring member,
wherein the restriction portion is a rib structure projecting from the bracket body in a vicinity of the sensor holding portion thereof, a ridge of the rib abutting against the predetermined portion of the sensor when the sensor is mounted on the bracket body.

US Pat. No. 10,459,318

IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS METHOD AND STORAGE MEDIUM FOR MODIFYING DISPLAY LUMINANCE

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image display apparatus comprising:a display panel configured to display a display image thereon;
an image acquisition interface configured to acquire an input image to be displayed on the display panel; and
a display controller configured to control display luminance of the display panel, wherein, in a case where the input image is a HDR (high dynamic range) image, the display controller displays
a) the display image with first display luminance if the display image is obtained without enlarging the input image,
b) the display image with second display luminance that is lower than the first display luminance if the display image is obtained by enlarging a part of the input image by using a pixel enlargement method, and
c) the display image with the first display luminance if the display image is obtained by enlarging the part of the input image by using an interpolation enlargement method,
wherein the pixel enlargement method is a method for generating an enlarged image by duplicating a pixel near an interpolated pixel, and wherein the interpolation enlargement method is a method for generating an enlarged image by performing interpolation calculation based on one or more pixels near an interpolated pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,459,317

STRUCTURE, ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING STRUCTURE

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. A structure comprising:a first member;
a second member including a first surface and a second surface which face opposite to each other and including a through hole which allows communication between a side of the first surface and a side of the second surface; and
a sealing portion which seals the through hole while the sealing portion fixes relative positional relation between the first member and the second member, with the first member passing through the through hole,
the second member including a space which opens into the second surface adjacently to the through hole on the side of the second surface,
the first member including
an extension portion which extends along the second surface on the side of the second surface of the second member, and
a pass-through portion which passes through the space and the through hole, the space including
a first region covered with the pass-through portion and the extension portion,
a second region located opposite to the first region with the pass-through portion being interposed, and
a third region which lies from one main surface of the pass-through portion to the other main surface of the pass-through portion while the third region is in contact with both of the first region and the second region, and
the extension portion including a hole which exposes a part of the first region.

US Pat. No. 10,459,315

ELECTRONIC APPARATUS FOR DISPLAYING OVERLAY IMAGES

KYOCERA Corporation, Kyo...

1. An electronic apparatus comprising:a camera, a sensor, a memory, a display, and at least one processor,
wherein the at least one processor is configured to
cause the display to display a preview image in which dynamic sensor information acquired by the sensor is overlaid on a captured image captured by the camera when a predetermined operation to start the overlay processing is performed,
display continuously the preview image in which the dynamic sensor information is overlaid on the captured image and start an operation to store the preview image in the memory when a predetermined operation to start the video image store processing is performed after causing the display to display the preview image,
end an operation to store the preview image in the memory when a predetermined operation to end the video image store processing is performed,
overlay route information of the electronic apparatus as the dynamic sensor information on the captured image, the route information being a history of location information of the electronic apparatus acquired by a location sensor at predetermined time intervals, and
overlay a downscaled image of the route information on the captured image when determining that the route information extends outside of a predetermined area on the display.

US Pat. No. 10,459,314

DIGITAL CAMERA

1. A digital camera which includes a camera body having an imaging lens and electronic view finder which can be stored in the camera body such that the electronic view finder can be vertically moved and causes a user to observe an image to be picked up, comprising:a guide mechanism guides vertical movement of the electronic view finder and
a biaxial rotation mechanism having a connecting part connecting the electronic view finder and the guide mechanism to each other, a first shaft part supporting the electronic view finder such that the electronic view finder can be rotated around a first direction with respect to the connecting part, and a second shaft part supporting the connecting part such that the connecting part can be rotated around a second direction vertical to the first direction with respect to the guide mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,459,313

LENS BARREL AND IMAGING DEVICE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A lens barrel comprising:a lens barrel body that receives a diaphragm;
a diaphragm operation ring that is rotatably mounted on the lens barrel body and is capable of being set to a plurality of first rotational positions where an AV value of the diaphragm is set to predetermined integer values and a plurality of second rotational positions where the AV value is set to predetermined fraction values;
first and second spherical bodies that are provided between the lens barrel body and the diaphragm operation ring and are disposed at positions different from each other in a circumferential direction of the diaphragm operation ring;
first fitting portions which are formed on one of the lens barrel body and the diaphragm operation ring so as to correspond to the respective first rotational positions and to which the first spherical body is fitted in a case in which the diaphragm operation ring is set to each of the first rotational positions; and
second fitting portions which are formed on one of the lens barrel body and the diaphragm operation ring so as to correspond to the respective second rotational positions and to which the second spherical body is fitted in a case in which the diaphragm operation ring is set to each of the second rotational positions,
wherein a fitting amount of the first spherical body with respect to the first fitting portion is larger than a fitting amount of the second spherical body with respect to the second fitting portion, and
wherein a ratio of the volume of a portion of the first spherical body fitted to the first fitting portion to the entire volume of the first spherical body is substantially equal to a ratio of the volume of a portion of the second spherical body fitted to the second fitting portion to the entire volume of the second spherical body.

US Pat. No. 10,459,312

PRISMATIC OPTICAL LOGIC CIRCUITS

International Business Ma...

1. A media-defined optical logic circuit capable of performing a logical operation, the circuit comprising:a set of polyhedral prisms physically arranged such that each prism of the set of polyhedral prisms is adjacent to at least one other prism of the set of polyhedral prisms,
where a quantum dot is embedded into each prism of the set of polyhedral prisms,
where a first prism of the set of polyhedral prisms is adjacent to a second prism of the set of polyhedral prisms,
where the second prism is adjacent to a third prism of the set of polyhedral prisms,
where a sufficiently energetic first photonic signal generated by a quantum dot embedded into the first prism is capable of exciting a second quantum dot embedded into the second prism to emit a second photonic signal capable of exciting a third quantum dot embedded into the third prism to emit a third photonic signal,
where each emitted photonic signal represents a binary value of a logic function,
where the physical arrangement of the set of polyhedral prisms is chosen so as to route photonic signals emitted by the set of polyhedral prisms along paths that represent operations of the binary logic function,
where the physical arrangement of the set of polyhedral prisms is chosen so as allow the circuit to receive a set of photonic input signals through surfaces of one or more input prisms of the set of polyhedral prisms,
where the physical arrangement of the set of polyhedral prisms is chosen so as allow the circuit to emit a set of photonic output signals through circuit-output surfaces of one or more circuit-output prisms of the set of polyhedral prisms,
where one or more surfaces of the first prism are completely or partially shaded,
where a completely shaded surface completely blocks a photonic signal and a partially shaded surface attenuates a photonic signal to a degree proportional to the degree of partial shading,
where each shaded surface is selected so as to configure the photonic signal paths or the circuit to represent logical elements of the binary logic operation,
where a single attenuated signal cannot excite a quantum dot, embedded into a fourth prism of the set of polyhedral prisms, to emit a photonic signal if the attenuated signal's degree of attenuation exceeds a predetermined attenuation value, and
where multiple signals entering the fourth prism excite the quantum dot embedded into the fourth prison to emit a photonic signal if the combined intensity of the multiple signals exceeds a predetermined light-intensity value.

US Pat. No. 10,459,311

CONTACT IMAGE SENSOR USING SWITCHABLE BRAGG GRATINGS

DigiLens Inc., Sunnyvale...

1. A contact image sensor comprising:a light source providing a collimated beam;
a platen;
a first array of switchable grating elements disposed in a layer for coupling light from said source towards said platen;
a plurality of detector elements spatially distributed in two dimensions;
a plurality of waveguiding cores disposed in a layer; and
a second array of switchable grating elements disposed in a layer for coupling light reflected from said platen into a TIR path to said detector elements via said plurality of waveguiding cores,
wherein each waveguiding core transmits light to a unique detector element;
wherein the contact image sensor is configured to perform a sequence of switching steps, wherein in each step one grating element of said first array of switchable grating elements and one element of said second array of switchable grating elements are switched into their diffracting states with all other grating elements remaining in their non-diffracting states.

US Pat. No. 10,459,310

AU—AG NANORODS IN NONPOLAR SOLVENTS

The Government of the Uni...

1. A method of preparing coated nanorods comprising:coating gold nanorods with silver to obtain Au@Ag nanorods; then
further applying an overcoat of SiO2 to obtain Au@Ag@SiO2 nanorods; and then
functionalizing the Au@Ag@SiO2 nanorods with a material to make them more hydrophobic.

US Pat. No. 10,459,309

ELECTRONIC PAPER AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A electronic paper, comprising:a first substrate provided with a microstructure and a plurality of first electrodes thereon;
a second substrate arranged opposite to the first substrate and provided with a plurality of second electrodes thereon, wherein the microstructure is arranged on a side of the first substrate facing the second substrate; and
pixel isolation walls arranged between the first substrate and the second substrate, for dividing the electronic paper into a plurality of pixel units,
wherein each pixel unit comprises:
one first electrode;
one second electrode; and
charged particles arranged between the first electrode and the second electrode,
wherein: the first electrode and the second electrode control, depending on a voltage applied thereto, contact between the charged particles and the microstructure; when the charged particles are not in contact with the microstructure, light from outside is subject to total internal reflection after being radiated to the microstructure through the first substrate;
the plurality of first electrodes are arranged on the side of the first substrate facing the second substrate: the plurality of second electrodes are arranged on a side of the second substrate facing the first substrate;
the plurality of first electrodes are located between the first substrate and a layer where the microstructure is located;
the first electrodes are located on a side of the microstructure facing the second substrate; and
the first electrodes have a uniform thickness.

US Pat. No. 10,459,308

METHOD AND SYSTEM OF SELF-CONTAINED AND SELF-POWERED CONTROLLER

Furcifer Inc., Menlo Par...

1. An electrochromic system, comprising:one or more electrochromic devices, each electrochromic device comprising:
two glass layers;
two adhesive layers disposed on inner surfaces of the two glass layers;
an electrochromic film disposed between the two adhesive layers, the electrochromic film including an electrochromic material layer, a solid polymer electrolyte, and a charge storage layer, wherein the solid polymer electrolyte includes at least one electrolyte salt selected from the group consisting of: LiTFSI, LiPF6, LiBF4, LiClO4, LiCF3SO3, LiN(CF3SO2), LiSbFg, LiAsF6, LiN(CF3CF2SO2)2, (C2H5)4NBF4, (C2H5)3CH3NBF4, LiI, and combinations thereof;
a controller including a power converter, a signal receiver, and a power output, the power converter configured to receive power from a power source, the signal receiver configured to receive a control signal, and the power output coupled to the electrochromic film and configured to provide power to the electrochromic film to control optical state of the electrochromic film, wherein the power source is integrated with the controller, and includes an energy storage; and
a control device configured to send the control signal to the signal receiver, and
a central control device configured to globally control optical states of all of the one or more electrochromic devices.

US Pat. No. 10,459,307

FLAME RETARDANCY OF ELECTROCHROMIC DEVICES

GENTEX CORPORATION, Zeel...

1. An electrochromic device comprising:a chamber defined by a first conductive surface of a first substrate, a second conductive surface of a second substrate, and a sealing member joining the first substrate to the second substrate;
an electrochromic medium disposed within the chamber and comprising a cathodic electroactive material and an anodic electroactive material wherein at least one of the cathodic and anodic electroactive materials is electrochromic; and
a flame-retardant agent which is one or more of:
a flame-retardant co-solvent comprising:
a fluorinated carbonate, an ionic liquid, or any combination thereof;
an electrochromic medium flame-retardant additive comprising a cyclic and polymeric phosphazene compound, a phosphazene base, a fluorinated ester, a fluorinated ether, a fluorinated electrolyte salt, or a combination of any two or more thereof; or
a flame-retardant gel matrix material comprising a fluorinated poly(ethylene glycol) cross-linked with a cross-linking agent comprising an aliphatic or aromatic polyisocyanate;
wherein:
the electrochromic device is an electrochromic aircraft transparency;
the fluorinated carbonate comprises 2-fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC), bis(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl) carbonate, 3,3,3-trifluoropropylene carbonate, or a combination of any two or more thereof;
the ionic liquid comprises 1-butyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate, 4-methyl-1-butyl pyridinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazlium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide, or a combination of any two or more thereof;
the cyclic and polymeric phosphazene compound is 2,2,4,4,6,6-hexahydro-2,2,4,4,6,6-hexakis(p-tolyloxy)triazatriphosphorine, poly(bis(phenoxy)phosphazine), poly(bis(ethoxy)phosphazene), poly(bis(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)phosphazene), poly(bis(4-(ethoxy carbonyl)phenoxy)phosphazene, or a combination of any two or more thereof;
the phosphazene base is tert-butylimino-tri(pyrrolidino)phosphorane, tert-octylimino-tris(dimethylamino)phosphorane, or a combination thereof;
the fluorinated ester is methyl perfluorooctanoate, dimethyl tetrafluorosuccinate, dimethyl hexafluoroglutarate, dimethyl octafluoroadipate, ethylperfluorobutyrate, or a combination of any two or more thereof;
the fluorinated ether is 1,1,1,2,2,3,3-heptafluoro-3-methoxypropane, ethoxynonafluorobutane, 1,1,1,2,2,3,4,5,5,5-decafluoro-3-methoxy-4-(trifluoromethyl)pentane, or a combination of any two or more thereof;
the fluorinated electrolyte salt is tetraethylammonium hexafluorophosphate, lithium hexafluorophosphate, lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide, tetrabutylammonium hexafluorophosphate, tetraethylammonium tetrafluoroborate, or a combination of any two or more thereof; and
the fluorinated poly(ethylene glycol) comprises 1H,1H,8H,8H-perfluoro-3,6-dioxaoctane-1,8-diol.

US Pat. No. 10,459,306

OPTICAL ELEMENT

STANLEY ELECTRIC CO., LTD...

1. An optical element comprising:a first substrate that is optically transmissive;
a second substrate facing the first substrate;
a first electrode disposed on a surface of the first substrate, the surface facing the second substrate, the first electrode being a light-transmitting electrode;
a second electrode disposed on a surface of the second substrate, the surface facing the first substrate, the second electrode partially including insulating areas;
a seal frame member located between the first electrode and the second electrode, the seal frame member having a frame shape when viewed in a direction normal to the first substrate and the second substrate;
an electrolyte layer that fills a space defined by the first substrate, the second substrate, and the seal frame member, an optical state of the electrolyte layer being capable of changing due to an electrochemical reaction on a surface of the first electrode and a surface of the second electrode;
a first connection electrode disposed outside the seal frame member on the surface of the first substrate facing the second substrate, the first connection electrode being connected to the first electrode, the first connection electrode having a lower electrical resistivity than the first electrode; and
a second connection electrode disposed outside the seal frame member on the surface of the second substrate facing the first substrate, the second connection electrode being connected to the second electrode,
wherein, when viewed in the direction normal to the first substrate and the second substrate, in an area surrounded by the seal frame member, a proportion of the insulating areas of the second electrode included in an unit area relatively close to the first connection electrode is higher than that included in an unit area positioned in the middle of the seal frame member.

US Pat. No. 10,459,305

TIME-DOMAIN ADJUSTMENT OF PHASE RETARDATION IN A LIQUID CRYSTAL GRATING FOR A COLOR DISPLAY

FACEBOOK TECHNOLOGIES, LL...

1. A method performed by a head-mounted display device that includes a beam steering device and a voltage source, the method comprising:sequentially transmitting, through the beam steering device of the head-mounted display device, light of a first color and light of a second color that is distinct from the first color, including:
applying, with the voltage source of the head-mounted display device, a first voltage to the beam steering device of the head-mounted display device for transmission of the light of the first color through the beam steering device; and
applying, with the voltage source of the head-mounted display device, a second voltage to the beam steering device of the head-mounted display device for transmission of the light of the second color through the beam steering device.

US Pat. No. 10,459,304

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a substrate,
a first TFT comprising silicon (Si) and a second TFT comprising oxide semiconductor are formed over the substrate,
an insulator formed over the first TFT and the second TFT,
a first source electrode and a first drain electrode of the first TFT connect with the silicon (Si) via a first through hole and a second through hole formed in the insulator,
a second source electrode and a second drain electrode of the second TFT connect with the oxide semiconductor via a third through hole and a fourth through hole formed in the insulator,
a first metal film and a second metal film directly contact the oxide semiconductor in a sectional view, and the first metal film and the second metal film sandwich a channel of the oxide semiconductor in a plan view,
an aluminum oxide layer contacts the first metal film and the second metal film and the oxide semiconductor,
the second source electrode and the second drain electrode contact the first metal film and the second metal film via the third through hole and the fourth through hole formed in the aluminum oxide layer.

US Pat. No. 10,459,303

DISPLAY DEVICE WITH CURVED PART

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device comprising:a first substrate with flexibility, the first substrate having a display section including a first pixel;
a second substrate with flexibility;
a sealant which bonds the first substrate and the second substrate together; and
an illuminating device provided on a back surface side of the first substrate and including a light-guiding member and a light source,
wherein
the first substrate and the second substrate have a curved part so that the sealant and the display section overlap each other in a planar view, and
the light-guiding member is arranged between the display section and the sealant in a sectional view.

US Pat. No. 10,459,302

ARRAY SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

XIAMEN TIANMA MICRO-ELECT...

1. An array substrate comprising:a substrate;
a plurality of scanning lines intersecting and insulated from a plurality of data lines on the substrate, wherein the plurality of data lines extends in a first direction and the plurality of scanning lines extends in a second direction; and
a plurality of sub-pixels defined by the plurality of scanning lines and the plurality of data lines, wherein the plurality of sub-pixels each comprises a thin film transistor having a gate, a source, a drain, and an active layer, wherein the active layer comprises at least one stripe-shaped portion extending along a first angle to the first direction, wherein the gate is disposed on one side of the active layer facing away from the substrate, wherein the active layer includes a channel region where the stripe-shaped portion of the active layer and the gate overlap in the direction perpendicular to the substrate;
wherein the channel region comprises two opposite edges parallel to each other in the second direction; and
wherein the first angle is equal to 10°.

US Pat. No. 10,459,301

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Panasonic Liquid Crystal ...

1. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:a plurality of gate lines formed in a row direction on a first substrate;
a plurality of data lines formed in a column direction on the first substrate;
a first transparent common electrode formed on the first substrate;
a plurality of transparent pixel electrodes arranged in the row direction and the column direction and formed so as to be opposed to the first transparent common electrode;
an insulating film formed between the first transparent common electrode and the plurality of transparent pixel electrodes;
a plurality of thin film transistors connected to the plurality of transparent pixel electrodes, respectively;
a second transparent common electrode formed above the insulating film and formed in a same layer as the plurality of transparent pixel electrodes; and
a black matrix formed on a second substrate that is different from the first substrate,
wherein a pair of gate lines among the plurality of gate lines are formed between two rows of the plurality of transparent pixel electrodes,
the second transparent common electrode covers both of the pair of gate lines and a space between the pair of gate lines in a plan view,
the black matrix covers in a plan view both of the pair of gate lines and the space between the pair of gate lines, the portion of the black matrix covering the pair of gate lines and the space between the pair of gate lines has a width, and
a width of the second transparent common electrode is wider than the width of the portion of the black matrix.

US Pat. No. 10,459,300

ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND A METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME, A LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. An array substrate, comprising a substrate and a thin film transistor, a first passivation layer, a planarization layer and a pixel electrode sequentially formed on the substrate, wherein the array substrate further comprises a transparent electrode and a second passivation layer are disposed between the planarization layer and the pixel electrode, the transparent electrode is disposed between the planarization layer and the second passivation layer, the pixel electrode and the transparent electrode are insulated and disposed in stack by the second passivation layer sandwiched therebetween, and forms a storage capacitor of the array substrate;wherein the thin film transistor comprises an active layer, a source electrode, and a drain electrode;
wherein the second passivation layer, the planarization layer, and the first passivation layer are provided with a contact hole for exposing the drain electrode of the thin film transistor, the transparent electrode is an integral surface structure and has an opening region, the opening region exposes the contact hole, and the pixel electrode covers in the contact hole and connects to the drain electrode of the thin film transistor;
wherein the opening region covers at least a part of the planarization layer, at least a part of the source electrode, at least a part of the drain electrode, and the active layer in an orthographic projection direction of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,459,299

ESD PROTECTION UNIT, ARRAY SUBSTRATE, LCD PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An electro-static discharge (ESD) protection unit, comprising:a thin-film transistor (TFT);
a first trace which is a first one of a gate line and a data line; and
a second trace which is a second one of the gate line and the data line;
wherein a source electrode of the TFT is directly connected to the first one of the gate line and the data line, and a drain electrode of the TFT is directly connected to the second one of the gate line and the data line; and
wherein a gate electrode of the TFT is exposed in an environment in a region that is formed by the first trace and the second trace and corresponds to a pixel unit, and when an electro-static discharge phenomenon occurs between the first trace and the second trace, the gate electrode of the TFT is configured to collect electric charges accumulated between the first trace and the second trace during the electro-static discharge phenomenon to turn on the TFT so that the first trace is connected to the second trace.

US Pat. No. 10,459,298

DISPLAY DEVICE, ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. An array substrate, comprising: an active area and a non-active area, wherein the active area being disposed with a plurality of scan lines and a plurality of data lines intersecting with the plurality of scan lines, and a plurality of pixel units formed by the intersecting plurality of scan lines and plurality of data lines; the non-active area being disposed with a driving circuit providing scan signals to the scan lines, wherein the driving circuit being disposed along an extension direction of the data lines so as to reduce area size of the non-active area along an extension direction of the scan lines to achieve narrowing border size;wherein the array substrate further comprises a plurality of first connection lines, for connecting the driving circuit and the scan lines; and
wherein the first connection lines and the scan lines are disposed at the same layer, and the first connection lines and the data lines are disposed in parallel;
the array substrate further comprises second connection lines, and the second connection lines are disposed above the scan lines and the first connection lines;
each first connection line is electrically connected to a pre-set scan line; except the scan line farthest away from the driving circuit, the other scan lines are broken at the crossing with the first connection lines not connected to the scan lines themselves, and two ends of the broken scan lines are connected by the second connection lines.

US Pat. No. 10,459,297

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING LIQUID CRYSTAL CAPSULE AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a substrate;
a pixel electrode and a common electrode both provided without a curved portion in a pixel region on the substrate to increase an aperture ratio, spaced apart from each other, and extending in a second direction that is perpendicular to a first direction; and
a liquid crystal layer on the pixel electrode and the common electrode, and including a first liquid crystal capsule and a second liquid crystal capsule,
wherein the first liquid crystal capsule only includes first liquid crystal molecules each having a first long axis and positive dielectric constant anisotropy and the second liquid crystal capsule only includes second liquid crystal molecules each having a second long axis and negative dielectric constant anisotropy, and
wherein first long axes of the first liquid crystal molecules are all parallel to the first direction and second long axes of the second liquid crystal molecules are all parallel to the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,459,296

CURVED DISPLAY DEVICE AND DISPLAY PANEL THEREOF

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. A display panel, comprising a color filter, CF substrate, a thin film transistor, TFT substrate, a plurality of photo spacers, a liquid crystal layer and a sealing layer, wherein the liquid crystal layer is disposed between the CF substrate and the TFT substrate, the plurality of photo spacers is disposed on a surface of the CF substrate facing the TFT substrate, the sealing layer is disposed between the CF substrate and the TFT substrate and surrounds an edge of the liquid crystal layer, the liquid crystal layer comprises an intermediate region and two edge regions located at two sides of the intermediate region, a stress generated from the photo spacers located in the intermediate region on the liquid crystals in the intermediate region is smaller than the stress generated from the photo spacers located in the edge regions on the liquid crystals in the edge regions, to keep the CF substrate and the TFT substrate at a constant gap;wherein the photo spacers located in the two edge regions are symmetrical to the intermediate region, the photo spacers located in the intermediate region are symmetrical to a central axis of the CF substrate; and
wherein the density of the photo spacers located in the intermediate region gradually increases in a direction from the intermediate region to the edge region, and the density of the photo spacers located in the edge region gradually increases in a direction from the intermediate region to the edge region.

US Pat. No. 10,459,295

STRETCHED DISPLAY PANEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR

TOVIS CO., LTD., Incheon...

1. A method of manufacturing a stretched display panel by cutting a ready-made display panel comprising a color filter substrate and a thin film transistor (TFT) substrate to a desired size, the method comprising:cutting the TFT substrate to a desired size;
cutting the color filter substrate so as to have a length smaller than a length of the TFT substrate such that a pixel exposure portion, from which one or more horizontal pixel lines are exposed, is formed at the TFT substrate;
forming a short-circuit prevention seal for covering one of the horizontal pixel lines that is adjacent to an end of the color filter substrate in order to prevent occurrence of a short circuit due to introduction of foreign matter; and
forming an cutoff line for cutting off the horizontal pixel line(s) that is not covered by the short-circuit prevention seal and the horizontal pixel line that is covered by the short-circuit prevention seal from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,459,294

METHOD FOR ORIENTATION OF LIQUID CRYSTALS IN MICRO/NANO REGION ON BASIS OF LASER DIRECT WRITING AND SYSTEM THEREOF

NANKAI UNIVERSITY, Tianj...

1. A method for orientation of liquid crystals, the method comprising the steps of:preparing a sample being comprised of a substrate with a substrate plane and polymerizable organics spin-coated on said substrate;
building a micro/nano structure,
wherein said step of building said micro/nano structure comprises the steps of:
laser direct writing said sample,
wherein said step of laser direct writing comprises:
continuously changing a position of a laser spot of a laser relative to said polymerizable organics; and
polymerizing a portion of said polymerizable organics consistent with movement trajectory of said laser spot so as to form a plurality of polymer strips arranged in parallel to each other in one direction and perpendicular to said substrate plane, each polymer strip having side walls, and so as to form polymerized and unpolymerized portions on said substrate; and
removing said unpolymerized portions so as to form said micro/nano structure with fine structures on respective side walls of said polymer strips,
wherein height of each polymer strip is greater than 2.0 microns; and
injecting liquid crystals into said micro/nano structure with fine structures so as to perform self-orientation of said liquid crystals parallel to said one direction of said polymer strips, said liquid crystals separating into a plurality of liquid crystal portions between adjacent polymer strips, each liquid crystal portion being separate from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,459,293

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR LIQUID CRYSTAL PHOTOALIGNMENT

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A method of aligning liquid crystal material to an inner surface of a microcavity, the method comprising:forming the microcavity with a fill hole with a diameter smaller than a lateral dimension of the microcavity;
infusing an anisotropic dye dissolved in a solvent into the microcavity via the fill hole;
evaporating the solvent so as to coat the interior surface of the microcavity with the anisotropic dye;
illuminating the anisotropic dye with linearly polarized light so as to form an anisotropic dye layer on the interior surface of the microcavity aligned perpendicular to a polarization axis of the linearly polarized light;
infusing reactive mesogen, liquid crystal material, and photoinitiator into the microcavity; and
illuminating the reactive mesogen at a wavelength selected to cause polymerization of the layer of reactive mesogen material so as to form a polymerized reactive mesogen layer aligning the liquid crystal material with respect to the anisotropic dye layer.

US Pat. No. 10,459,292

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY AND LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION COMPRISED THEREOF

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A liquid crystal display comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate opposing the first substrate;
an electrode portion provided on at least one of the first and second substrates; and
a liquid crystal layer provided between the first substrate and the second substrate and including a liquid crystal composition,
wherein the liquid crystal composition comprises at least one of liquid crystal compounds represented by the following Chemical Formula 1, at least one of liquid crystal compounds represented b the following Chemical Formula 2 and at least one of liquid crystal compounds represented by the following Chemical Formulae 5-4 to 5-8:

where Y is H or alkyl having 1 to 5 C atoms, the alkyl having 1 to 5 C atoms includes being not substituted or wherein one or more —CH2— groups each, independently of one another, is substituted by —C?C—, —CF2O—, —O—, —CO—O—, —O—CO— or —O—CO—O so that O atoms are not directly linked to each other, 1 to 3 H atoms are substituted by halogen, or combination thereof,
A is 1,4-cyclohexylene or 1,4-phenylene,
Z1 to Z4 each, independently of one another, is H, F, Cl, or alkyl having 1 to 2 C atoms,
B is 1,4-cyclohexylene or 1,4-phenylene, wherein B is 1,4-phenylene when at least one of Z1 to Z4 is F or Cl,
n is 0 or 1,
Z is H, F, Cl, or alkyl having 1 to 2 C atoms, wherein Z is H when Y is H, and
X is F, Cl, or alkyl having 1 to 4 C atoms, the alkyl having 1 to 4 C atoms includes being not substituted or wherein one or more —CH2— groups each, independently of one another, is substituted by —C?C—, —CF2O—, —O—, —CO—O—, —O—CO— or —O—CO—O— so that O atoms are not directly linked to each other, 1 to 3 H atoms are substituted by halogen, or combination thereof, and
R and R? each, independently of one another, is alkyl or alkoxy having 1 to 4 C atoms,

where X? is hydrogen, F, Cl, or alkyl having 1 to 15 C atoms, the alkyl having 1 to 15 C atoms includes being not substituted or wherein one or more —CH2— groups each, independently of one another, is substituted by —C?C—, —CF2O—, —CH?CH—, —CO—, —O—, —CO—O—, —O—CO— or —O—CO—O— so that O atoms are not directly linked to each other, 1 to 3 H atoms are substituted by halogen, or combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,459,291

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A liquid crystal display, comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate overlapping the first substrate;
a liquid crystal layer positioned between the first substrate and the second substrate and including a plurality of liquid crystal molecules;
a first alignment layer positioned between the first substrate and the liquid crystal layer;
a second alignment layer positioned between the second substrate and the liquid crystal layer; and
a plurality of protrusions positioned at at least one of the positions of between the first alignment layer and the liquid crystal layer, and between the second alignment layer and the liquid crystal layer,
wherein the first alignment layer includes a first polymer, the first polymer includes a first main chain and a plurality of first side chains connected to the first main chain, and at least one among the plurality of first side chains includes at least one of a photoreactive group and a photoreactive group derivative,
wherein at least one among the plurality of protrusions includes a polymer of a reactive mesogen,
wherein the photoreactive group or photoreactive group derivative is chemically combined with the polymer of the reactive mesogen included in the plurality of protrusions, and
the reactive mesogen is represented by Chemical Formula 1:
Pa—A1—O?CH2?nO—A2—Pb   Chemical Formula 1
wherein, in Chemical Formula 1,
Pa and Pb are independently an acrylate group or a methacrylate group,
A1 includes

 in which at least one hydrogen connected to a carbon ring is unsubstituted or substituted with one selected from a group including F, CI, and Br,
A2 includes any one of

 in which at least one hydrogen connected to the carbon ring is unsubstituted or substituted with one selected from the group including F, CI, and Br, and
n is a natural number of 2 to 5.

US Pat. No. 10,459,289

DISPLAY DEVICE

INNOLUX CORPORATION, Mia...

1. A display device, comprising:a backlight plate comprising a plurality of light emission zones;
a first panel disposed on the backlight plate and comprising a plurality of first pixels;
a second panel disposed on the first panel and comprising a plurality of second pixels; and
a diffusion plate disposed between the first panel and second panel;
wherein a number of the light emission zones is less than or equal to a number of the first pixels, and the number of the first pixels is less than a number of the second pixels,
wherein the first panel comprises a first upper substrate, a first liquid crystal layer and a first bottom substrate, the first liquid crystal layer is disposed between the first upper substrate and the first bottom substrate, the first upper substrate comprises a first surface and a second surface, and the second surface is closer to the first liquid crystal layer than the first surface,
wherein the second panel comprises a second upper substrate, a second liquid crystal layer and a second bottom substrate, the second liquid crystal layer is disposed between the second upper substrate and the second bottom substrate, the second upper substrate comprises a third surface and a fourth surface, and the third surface is closer to the second liquid crystal layer than the fourth surface,
wherein a ratio relationship between the number of the first pixels and the number of the second pixels is

wherein Y is a distance between the second surface and the third surface, X is a pixel pitch between the second pixels, R1 is the number of the first pixels, and R2 is the number of the second pixels, and
wherein Y is in 2000 um˜2100 um.

US Pat. No. 10,459,288

BACKLIGHT UNIT AND HOLOGRAPHIC DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A backlight unit comprising:a light source configured to provide a light beam;
a first beam expander configured to:
mix the light beam provided from the light source,
expand the light beam in a first direction, and
output the mixed and expanded light beam as white light; and
a second beam expander configured to:
expand the white light emitted from the first beam expander in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction, and
output the expanded white light as surface light,
wherein the first beam expander is configured to mix the light beam provided from the light source based on interference of diffracted light from the light beam to produce the white light.

US Pat. No. 10,459,287

DISMANTLING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DISMANTLING BLACKLIGHT UNIT

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A dismantling device, comprising:a supporting table comprising a supporting face which is configured for supporting an object to be dismantled thereon;
a linear cutting portion, provided on the supporting face, and configured to be movable with respect to the supporting table so as to apply a cutting force on a bonding portion of the object to be dismantled along a plane where the bonding portion is located,
wherein the linear cutting portion comprises two ends and a cutting line between the two ends, and at least one of which is provided on the supporting table; a supporting portion provided at a side of the supporting table;
at least one opening is formed between the supporting portion and the supporting table, or the supporting portion comprises at least one opening, an extension direction of the at least one opening is parallel to the supporting face;
the cutting line of the line cutting portion is configured to be able to enter the at least one opening and pass through the same in use with a movement direction of the cutting line in the at least one opening being parallel to the extension direction of the at least one opening;
the object to be dismantled is a liquid crystal module comprising a liquid crystal panel and a backlight unit that are placed oppositely and connected with each other by a bonding portion, and a flexible printed circuit (FPC) board connected to a side of the liquid crystal panel, and
the supporting portion comprises an FPC-end supporting portion configured for placing the flexible printed circuit board of the liquid crystal module thereon, and the FPC-end supporting portion comprises a supporting pole supported on the supporting table; and
the FPC-end supporting portion comprises a slant-face supporting structure used for placement of the flexible printed circuit board, and the slant-face supporting structure is provided at the side of the FPC-end supporting portion away from the supporting table.

US Pat. No. 10,459,286

DISPLAY DEVICE WITH QUANTOM RODS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A display device comprising:a light source generating light;
a lightguide plate configured to change a path of the light generated from the light source and output the light toward a front surface of the display device;
a first polarizing plate arranged on the lightguide plate and configured to generate first polarized light;
a liquid crystal panel arranged on the first polarizing plate and configured to display an image by using the first polarized light;
a second polarizing plate arranged on the liquid crystal panel and configured to generate second polarized light; and
a quantum rod layer arranged on the second polarizing plate, contacted with the second polarizing plate, divided into a plurality of pixels, and containing quantum rods in at least one of the plurality of pixels,
wherein a polarizing axis of the second polarized light is perpendicular to a polarizing axis of polarized light emitted by the quantum rod layer.

US Pat. No. 10,459,285

POLARIZED RGB LIGHT SOURCE

Konica Minolta Laboratory...

1. A device for producing polarized light, the device comprising:a plurality of photonic crystal grid structures on a substrate, the plurality of photonic crystal grid structures comprising one or more structured regions for the transmission of polarized blue light, one or more structured regions for the transmission of polarized green light, and one or more structured regions for the transmission of polarized red light;
a green quantum dot layer substantially positioned on the one or more structured regions for the transmission of polarized green light;
a red quantum dot layer substantially positioned on the one or more structured regions for the transmission of polarized red light;
a high refractive index film disposed over the plurality of photonic crystal grid structures on the substrate and the green and red quantum dot layers; and
a blue light emitting diode array disposed on the polarized light device such that the emission from the blue light emitting diode array facilitates the emission of red and green light from the red and green quantum dot layers.

US Pat. No. 10,459,284

POLARIZER

BenQ Materials Corporatio...

1. A display side polarizer for a liquid crystal display, comprising:a polarizing layer having a light incident surface and a light exiting surface;
a light collimation layer disposed on the light exiting surface of the polarizing layer; and
a quantum dot diffraction layer disposed on the light collimating layer opposite to the polarizing layer, and comprising a diffraction microstructure layer disposed on the light collimation layer, and a quantum dot planarization layer which fills and planarizes the diffraction microstructure layer and can be divided into a plurality of pixel regions.

US Pat. No. 10,459,283

DISPLAY DEVICE

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. A display device comprising:a transparent liquid crystal panel configured such that an object arranged at a rear surface of the transparent liquid crystal panel is visible from a front surface of the transparent liquid crystal panel, and configured to present an image;
a first polarizer arranged on one of: the front surface of the transparent liquid crystal panel; and the rear surface of the transparent liquid crystal panel;
a first light source;
a light guide element arranged at the other of: the front surface of the transparent liquid crystal panel; and the rear surface of the transparent liquid crystal panel, the light guide element formed from a transparent material and directing light from the first light source toward the transparent liquid crystal panel;
a second polarizer arranged between: the light guide element and the transparent liquid crystal panel; or the light guide element and the first light source, and arranged to not block at least a portion of light reflected from the object passing through the light guide element such that a polarization plane of the light from the first light source and a polarization plane of the light reflected from the object are mutually orthogonal; and
a controller configured to perform operations comprising controlling the transparent liquid crystal panel by applying a voltage to the transparent liquid crystal panel to rotate, on a per-pixel basis, a polarization plane of light passing through the transparent liquid crystal panel so that at least a portion of the light from the first light source entering the transparent liquid crystal panel via the second polarizer is transmitted through the first polarizer to present the image, and at least a portion of the light reflected from the object is transmitted through the first polarizer.

US Pat. No. 10,459,282

DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display device, comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate arranged oppositely; and
a plurality of color control light-emitting units, a wire grid polarizer and a plurality of transmittance adjustment pixel units arranged sequentially from an inner side of the first substrate towards an inner side of the second substrate, wherein
the plurality of color control light-emitting units is divided into a number of groups in an array, each group comprising several color control light-emitting units for emitting different colors of light, and
an orthographic projection of each color control light-emitting unit on the plurality of transmittance adjustment pixel units coincides with one corresponding transmittance adjustment pixel unit, wherein
each color control light-emitting unit comprises: a light-emitting functional layer, an anode and a cathode located on two sides of the light-emitting functional layer respectively,
the cathode is further away from the first substrate than the anode is, and
each transmittance adjustment pixel unit comprises: a liquid crystal layer and a pixel electrode located on a side of the liquid crystal layer, wherein the pixel electrode and the cathode are used for providing a driving electric field to the liquid crystal layer.

US Pat. No. 10,459,281

STEREOSCOPIC IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A stereoscopic image display device comprising:a display panel including a plurality of pixels; and
a lens panel positioned at a surface where the display panel displays an image,
wherein the lens panel includes:
a photomodulation unit controlling a light path of light emitted from the display panel; and
a first electrode unit and a second electrode unit facing each other with the photomodulation unit interposed therebetween, and
wherein the first electrode unit includes first electrode, a second electrode, and a first insulating layer between the first electrode and the second electrode,
the first electrode and the second electrode are electrically connected to each other and are each positioned at different layers,
the second electrode includes a first opening,
the second electrode unit includes a first corresponding electrode including a first corresponding opening overlapping the first electrode and the first opening in a plan view,
the first electrode without overlapping the first corresponding electrode in the plan view overlaps the first opening, the second electrode and the first corresponding opening in the plan view, and
each of the first opening and the first corresponding opening is enclosed and has a shape of quadrangle.

US Pat. No. 10,459,280

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A liquid crystal display, comprising a liquid crystal display panel and a backlight, the liquid crystal display panel comprising a top substrate, a bottom substrate, a liquid crystal layer between the top substrate and the bottom substrate, and a plurality of post spacers supporting the top substrate and the bottom substrate to maintain a cell thickness of the liquid crystal layer;the bottom substrate further disposed with a color filter layer, the color filter layer comprising an R color filter region, a G color filter region and a B color filter region, the G color filter region comprising a first sub-region and a second sub-region, the first sub-region disposed with a G color filter, the second sub-region disposed with a non-G color filter material;
the post spacers disposed correspondingly to the R color filter region, the second sub-region of the G color filter region and the B color filter region, wherein each of the post spacers overlap and directly contact with a corresponding R color filter region, second sub-region of G color filter region and B color filter region;
the non-G color filter material and a material of the G color filter being different, thicknesses of the non-G color filter material and the G color filter being identical;
the G color filter region being a narrow rectangular region, the second sub-region located at an end of the narrow rectangular region, wherein an area of the first sub-region is less than that of each of the R color filter region and the B color filter region.

US Pat. No. 10,459,279

ARRAY SUBSTRATE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display panel, comprising an array substrate and a color filter substrate which are arranged oppositely,wherein the array substrate comprises light-transmission regions and non-transmission regions, each of the light-transmission regions comprises a blue light filtering layer which comprises semiconductor nano particles to absorb blue light with a wavelength smaller than 450 nm, the blue light filtering layer is not arranged in the non-transmission regions, and the semiconductor nano particles are carbon-doped titanium dioxide.

US Pat. No. 10,459,278

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A display device having an alignment structure, the display device, comprising:a lower substrate layer having an upper surface at a first height;
a plurality of subpixels layers positioned on the lower substrate layer, the subpixel layers including a plurality of layers of different materials and having an upper subpixel layer having an upper surface at a second height;
a keyhole positioned within the subpixel layers, the keyhole including a recess that exposes the upper surface at the first height of the lower substrate layer; and
a fine alignment key layer positioned within the keyhole, the fine alignment key layer being comprised of at least one material layer positioned within the recess, the at least one material layer having an exposed upper surface at a third height that is less than the second height and greater than the first height, the alignment structure exposing the lower substrate layer, the upper subpixel layer and the fine alignment key layer with each having different heights of upper surfaces exposed during alignment.

US Pat. No. 10,459,277

DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device, comprising:a base portion including a pixel area that includes a light-transmitting area and a light-blocking area;
a projection portion disposed on the light-blocking area of the base portion, the projection portion including a first projection portion comprising a plurality of sub-color filters including a first sub-color filter and a second sub-color filter overlapping the first sub-color filter over an overlap area and a second projection portion comprising at least one of the plurality of sub-color filters;
a light-blocking member disposed on the projection portion and overlapping the base portion; and
a spacing member disposed on the light-blocking member, the spacing member being made of the same material as the light-blocking member and overlapping the first projection portion; and
a subsidiary spacing member disposed on the light-blocking member, the subsidiary spacing member being made of the same material as the light-blocking member and overlapping the second projection portion,
wherein the first sub-color filter includes a first color pigment,
the second sub-color filter includes a second color pigment different from the first color pigment,
a first width of the first sub-color filter in a first direction is different from a second width of the second sub-color filter in the first direction,
a third width of the first sub-color filter in a second direction is different from a fourth width of the second sub-color filter in the second direction,
the second direction is a direction intersecting the first direction,
a first height of the spacing member measured based on a surface of the base portion is higher than a second height of the subsidiary spacing member measured based on the surface of the base portion, and
wherein a number of the plurality of sub-color filters included in the first projection portion is more than a number of the at least one of the plurality of sub-color filters included in the second projection portion.

US Pat. No. 10,459,275

POLARIZER, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A polarizer comprising a main body layer, a protective film layer, a conductive layer and a release film;wherein a lateral surface of the main body layer is attached with the conductive layer; the conductive layer has a thickness substantially equal to a thickness of the main body layer;
wherein the protective film layer is attached to both a first surface of the main body layer and a top surface of the conductive layer;
and wherein the release film is attached to both a second surface of the main body layer located opposite to the first surface of the main body layer and a bottom surface of the conductive layer located opposite to the top surface of the conductive layer; and the second surface of the main body layer and the bottom surface of the conductive layer are located in a same plane.

US Pat. No. 10,459,274

PORTABLE DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device comprising:a display panel having a first substrate, a polarizer, and a semiconductor chip,
a touch panel being on the display panel,
a front cover on the touch panel, and
a first adhesive material disposed between the display panel and the touch panel,
wherein the touch panel and the polarizer of the display panel are adhered by the first adhesive material,
wherein the semiconductor chip mounts on an edge region of the first substrate,
wherein the second substrate and the polarizer are stacked on the first substrate in this order and are in contact with each other,
wherein the front cover has a first portion that does not overlap with the polarizer,
wherein the first portion overlaps with the semiconductor chip, and
wherein a height of a top surface of the semiconductor chip from the first substrate is smaller than a height of a top surface of the polarizer from the first substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,459,273

IN-CELL TOUCH LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. An in-cell touch liquid crystal display device, comprising:a lower array substrate;
an upper array substrate that is on and faces the lower array substrate, and has an area greater than an area of the lower array substrate;
a gate line and a data line that are on an inner surface of the upper array substrate and cross each other to define a pixel region;
a thin film transistor on the inner surface of the upper array substrate;
a planarization layer that is on the inner surface of the upper array substrate having the thin film transistor, and exposes a part of a drain electrode of the thin film transistor;
a common electrode on the planarization layer;
a passivation layer that is on the planarization layer and exposes the part of the drain electrode;
a touch line on the passivation layer;
an inter-layered insulating layer that is on the passivation layer, covers the touch line, and exposes the part of the drain electrode, the touch line and the common electrode;
a plurality of pixel electrodes that are on the inter-layered insulating layer, overlap the common electrode, and are connected to the drain electrode; and
a connection line connecting the touch line and the common electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,459,272

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY INCLUDING BLOCKING FILM

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A liquid crystal display comprising:a substrate configured to include a display area and a peripheral area;
a thin film transistor disposed on the substrate;
a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor;
a roof layer disposed to face the pixel electrode;
a capping layer disposed on the roof layer such that the roof layer is between the capping layer and the pixel electrode, the capping layer comprising a top surface and a lateral surface extending from the top surface towards the substrate;
a blocking film disposed in the peripheral area to surround the lateral surface of the capping layer; and
a liquid crystal layer in a plurality of microcavities formed between the pixel electrode and the roof layer in the display area, the capping layer including portions that are positioned at entrance regions of the plurality of microcavities and directly contact the liquid crystal layer,
wherein a level of a top surface of the blocking film is higher than that of a top surface of the liquid crystal layer.

US Pat. No. 10,459,271

DISPLAY SUBSTATE, MOTHER SUBSTRATE FOR MAKING THE SAME, AND FABRICATING METHOD THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A method of fabricating a mother substrate having a first region and a second region, the mother substrate is formed to comprise a plurality of display substrate units in the first region;the method comprising:
forming a buffer layer on and in contact with a base substrate in the first region, and forming a mat layer on and in contact with the base substrate in the second region for reducing segment difference between the first region and the second region;
wherein the buffer layer is formed in a display region of each of the plurality of display substrate units;
the buffer layer and the mat layer are made of an insulating material;
each of the plurality of display substrate units is formed to comprise one or more layers on a side of the buffer layer distal to the base substrate; and
a maximum thickness of the mat layer is h1, and the thickness of the buffer layer is h2, h1?h2;
wherein forming the mat layer comprises forming an array of a plurality of mat units of non-uniform thicknesses;
wherein, subsequent to forming the mat layer, the method further comprises:
coating a photoresist material free of surfactant and having a viscosity in a range of about 6 centipoise to about 7 centipoise on a side of the buffer layer and the mat layer away from the base substrate; and
spinning the mother substrate to evenly distribute the photoresist material on the mother substrate at a spinning speed lower than 600 rpm;
wherein the photoresist material is coated to have a thickness greater than 2.0 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,459,270

DISPLAY DEVICE

FUNAI ELECTRIC CO., LTD.,...

1. A display device comprising:a display;
at least one light source unit having a light source, a diffusing lens that covers the light source, and a substrate to which the light source is mounted;
a housing including an inner surface to which the at least one light source unit is attached; and
a reflective sheet having a plurality of holes corresponding to the light sources, the reflective sheet being disposed between the substrate and the diffusing lens,
the housing including a positioning portion that holds the at least one light source unit relative to the housing,
the at least one light source unit having a heat dissipation member to which the substrate is attached, and
the positioning portion including a contact component contacting with the heat dissipation member.

US Pat. No. 10,459,269

DISPLAY DEVICE

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A display device comprising:a display panel including a first substrate and a second substrate;
a panel driver electrically connected to the display panel;
a support arranged at a back side of the display panel and including a support to support the display panel;
a coupling member arranged on an upper surface of the support and configured to couple the display panel to the support; and
a plurality of connection electrodes electrically connected to the display panel and the panel driver,
wherein the first substrate includes a plurality of signal pads at a first end area of the first substrate,
wherein the plurality of connection electrodes are electrically connected to the plurality of signal pads of the first substrate respectively,
wherein the plurality of connection electrodes are in contact with a side surface of the plurality of signal pads of the first substrate respectively, and
wherein the plurality of connection electrodes are in contact with a side surface of the first substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,459,268

DISPLAY DEVICE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A display device, comprising:a display panel;
a backlight unit disposed opposite to a display surface of the display panel;
a support supporting the display panel, the support being arranged between the display panel and the backlight unit, the support being made of an elastic material; and
a frame-shaped frame holding a front portion and side portions of the backlight unit,
the frame including (i) an opening through which the backlight unit is seen, (ii) a sidewall covering side surfaces of the backlight unit to form the opening, (iii) a panel facing portion extending from the sidewall toward the opening side to cover an end portion of the backlight unit, and (iv) a protruding portion protruding from the panel facing portion toward the display panel side,
wherein the support is disposed on the panel facing portion,
the support is in direct contact with the display panel,
the protruding portion is thinner than the support, and
a predetermined clearance is created between a tip of the protruding portion and the display panel such that where a thickness of the support is C and a thickness of the protruding portion is X, a relationship C/2?X is met.

US Pat. No. 10,459,266

DISPLAY MODULE, DISPLAY APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME, AND FABRICATING METHOD THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display module, comprising: a display substrate having a display area and a peripheral area surrounding the display area; a packaging cover facing the display substrate; and a mold frame configured to receive the display substrate and the packaging cover; wherein the mold frame comprises a main body and a protrusion protruding away from an inner surface of the mold frame, the protrusion is between the display substrate and the packaging cover; the packaging cover has a recess in an area corresponding to the protrusion for receiving the protrusion; the recess and the protrusion complementarily match each other; and the protrusion has a first surface abutting the peripheral area of the display substrate and a second surface opposite to the first surface, the second surface abutting a surface of the recess; wherein the protrusion partitions the inner surface into a first portion and a second portion; the display module further comprising: a sealant between the first portion of the inner surface and the display substrate, and a sealant between the second portion of the inner surface and the packaging cover, for sealing the display substrate and the packaging cover together and encapsulating display elements therebetween.

US Pat. No. 10,459,265

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A display device comprising:a first substrate comprising a first insulating substrate;
a second substrate comprising a second insulating substrate and opposing the first substrate;
a liquid crystal layer held between the first substrate and the second substrate; and
an adhesive layer which attaches the first substrate and the second substrate together,
the adhesive layer comprising a first portion extending in a first direction,
the first portion comprising a first end portion and a second end portion, each extending in the first direction,
the second substrate comprising a third end portion located between the first end portion and the second end portion and extending in the first direction,
the third end portion of the second substrate overlapping the first portion in a plan view,
a part of the first portion extending outside the third end portion of the second substrate in a plan view, and
the first substrate and the second substrate being bent in a position overlapping the first portion.

US Pat. No. 10,459,264

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A display device comprising:a first substrate including a first area including a display area in which pixels are arranged, a second area adjacent to the first area, and wirings; and
an external circuit mounted on the second area of the first substrate, wherein
the wirings are electrically connected to the external circuit,
the wirings in the second area are covered with a protection layer,
the second area includes first and second sides in an arrangement direction of the wirings, a central area located between the first and second sides, a first peripheral area located between the first side and the central area, and a second peripheral area located between the second side and the central area, and
a thickness of the protection layer in the central area is different from thicknesses of the protection layer in the first and second peripheral areas.

US Pat. No. 10,459,263

DISPLAY PANEL AND BORDERLESS TYPE DISPLAY INCLUDING THE SAME

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

9. A borderless type display, comprising:a display panel comprising:
a first substrate comprising a display area in which a plurality of pixels are arranged and a non-display area outside the display area,
a gate driver disposed in the non-display area of the first substrate and comprising a plurality of gate thin film transistors (TFTs), and
a second substrate coupled to the first substrate and comprising a black matrix, the black matrix corresponding to the gate driver and comprising a light blocking region and a light transmitting region, the light transmitting region of the black matrix corresponding to at least one gate TFT among the plurality of gate TFTs of the gate driver; and
a backlight unit disposed on a back surface of the second substrate and supplying light,
wherein the at least one gate TFT of the gate driver receives light from the backlight unit through the light transmitting region of the black matrix of the second substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,459,262

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device comprising:a driver;
a first pixel circuit arranged apart from the driver in plan view, the first pixel circuit being electrically connected to the driver;
a second pixel circuit separated further from the driver than the first pixel circuit in plan view but electrically connected to the driver;
a first pixel electrode overlapping the driver in plan view;
a second pixel electrode overlapping the first pixel circuit in plan view;
a first relay line electrically connecting the first pixel circuit and the first pixel electrode to each other; and
a second relay line electrically connecting the second pixel circuit and the second pixel electrode to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,459,261

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME AND DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device having a display area and one or more peripheral areas and comprising:a pixel transistor disposed on a first substrate in the display area;
an integrated driving circuit disposed in at least one of the peripheral areas, the integrated driving circuit comprising a circuit part, a first wiring part extending in a first direction and electrically connected to the circuit part, and a second wiring part extending in a second direction to cross the first wiring part and electrically connected to the circuit part, where the second wiring part is disposed above the first wiring part;
an insulation layer disposed on the first wiring part so as to electrically separate the first wiring part from the second wiring part;
a protection layer disposed on the second wiring part; and
a buffer layer disposed over the protection layer at least where the second wiring part crosses the first wiring part, the buffer layer comprising a light-blocking material, wherein the buffer layer directly contacts the protection layer; and
a liquid crystal layer disposed between the buffer layer and the second substrate, and covering an upper surface of the buffer layer such that the buffer layer is disposed a predetermined distance away from a second substrate which faces the first substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,459,260

BACKLIGHT MODULE, DISPLAY DEVICE AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A backlight module comprising: a first light guide plate and a second light guide plate arranged oppositely, a first light source and a second light source;wherein a surface of the first light guide plate facing the second light guide plate is a light exit surface of the first light guide plate; the first light source is arranged at a light entrance surface of the first light guide plate; the second light source is arranged at a light entrance surface of the second light guide plate; the first light guide plate comprises a light guide element guiding light along a direction perpendicular to the light exit surface of the first light guide plate; the second light guide plate comprises a scattering element;
and wherein the light guide element comprises a plurality of optical fibers, each of the plurality of optical fibers extends from a surface of the first light guide plate departing from the second light guide plate to the light exit surface of the first light guide plate; a surface of the first light guide plate departing from the second light guide plate is the light entrance surface of the first light guide plate.

US Pat. No. 10,459,259

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ELECTRO-ABSORPTION MODULATOR DRIVERS IN CMOS

Maxlinear, Inc., Carlsba...

1. A system, comprising:an electro-absorption modulator optically coupled to a laser source and electrically coupled to a modulator driver circuit and a processor, said modulator driver circuit being in a complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) chip and comprising:
a summer for receiving a negative bias voltage and an offset voltage in the CMOS chip;
a voltage regulator for receiving an output of the summer and generating a DC termination voltage of lower magnitude than said negative bias voltage;
level shifting circuitry for shifting a data signal received from the processor to a negative DC voltage level between said DC termination voltage from said voltage regulator and said negative bias voltage; and
an electrical coupling structure for DC-coupling said level shifted data signal to said modulator.

US Pat. No. 10,459,258

META OPTICAL DEVICE AND METHOD OF DESIGNING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of designing a meta optical device, the method comprising:setting, via a processor, design data for arrangement and shape dimensions of a nanostructure of the meta optical device, according to a function to be implemented by the meta optical device;
obtaining a phase change graph with respect to a change in the shape dimensions;
setting a shape dimension region with phase defect in the phase change graph; and
substituting a shape dimension with phase defect, which is included in the shape dimension region with phase defect among the dimensions included in the design data, with a substitution value that is outside the shape dimension region with phase defect.

US Pat. No. 10,459,257

CARBON-BASED SURFACE PLASMON SOURCE AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF

Monash University, Clayt...

1. A spaser device comprising a graphene resonator and a carbon nanotube (CNT) gain element coupled via exciton-plasmon interaction, wherein the spaser device is configured such that, upon excitation of the CNT at a first exciton energy to cause generation of excitons in the CNT having a second exciton energy lower than the first exciton energy, a rate of generation of the excitons having the second exciton energy exceeds a gain threshold such that continuous spasing is established within the spaser device.

US Pat. No. 10,459,256

METHOD AND SYSTEM TO CREATE CUSTOM, USER-SPECIFIC EYEWEAR

Bespoke, Inc., San Franc...

1. A computer-implemented method for creating a model of an individual-specific eyewear product, using a computer system, the method comprising:receiving, over an electronic network, and classifying one or more facial feature characteristics of users in a population of users;
storing an association between the classified one or more facial feature characteristics and at least one eyewear design attribute;
receiving, over an electronic network, or computing an individual-specific characteristic from image data of an individual outside of the population of users;
predicting an individual-specific eyewear design attribute for the individual based on the individual-specific characteristic and the stored association;
determining a first model of an eyewear product selected for the individual based on the predicted individual-specific eyewear design attribute, the first model comprising a solid model or a surface model of the eyewear product;
determining one or more configurable features of a geometry of a frame of the first model of the eyewear product;
quantifying at least a surface or a contour of an anatomic feature of the individual based on the image data of the individual;
generating a second model of the eyewear product by shaping a surface or a contour of the first model of the eyewear product to match the quantified surface or quantified contour of the anatomic feature of the individual while maintaining one or more parametric constraints on the geometry of the second model, the second model comprising a solid model or a surface model of the eyewear product; and
generating instructions for manufacturing the individual-specific eyewear product based on the second model.

US Pat. No. 10,459,255

COMPENSATING VISUAL IMPAIRMENT BY USING AN EYE-MOUNTED DISPLAY

Tectus Corporation, Sara...

1. A method for enhancing vision of a user with visual impairment, the method comprising:capturing images of a user's unimpaired view of a surrounding environment;
modifying the captured images to create compensated images, the modification compensating for the user's visual impairment; and
projecting, by an eye-mounted display, the compensated images onto the user's retina;
where the visual impairment is that a portion of the user's unimpaired view would be imaged by the user's eye to a damaged section of the user's retina, and the eye-mounted display projects the compensated images away from the damaged section of the user's retina.

US Pat. No. 10,459,254

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR IMPROVING, AUGMENTING OR ENHANCING VISION

Evergaze, Inc., Richards...

1. A computerized method for improving, augmenting or enhancing a vision of a person, comprising the steps of:providing a wearable apparatus proximate to an eye of the person such that a second eye of the person is unobstructed, the wearable apparatus comprising a first camera configured to acquire a first image of a scene facing away from the eye, a second camera configured to acquire a second image of the eye, one or more sensors, a microdisplay configured to display a modified first image to the eye, and one or more processors communicably coupled to the first camera, the second camera, the one or more sensors and the microdisplay, and wherein the wearable apparatus is sized to maintain a peripheral vision of the first eye, and the one or more sensors comprise one or more of a motion sensor, a temperature sensor, an ambient light detector, a rangefinder, a proximity sensor and an infrared sensor;
acquiring the first image of the scene using the first camera;
acquiring the second image of the eye using the second camera;
modifying the second image using the one or more processors;
determining an eye gaze angle based on the second image or the modified second image using the one or more processors;
modifying the first image based on one or more vision improvement parameters and a data from the one or more sensors, and offsetting the first image by an image offset based the eye gaze angle using the one or more processors; and
displaying the modified first image on the microdisplay to improve, augment or enhance the vision of the person.

US Pat. No. 10,459,253

OPHTHALMIC DEVICE COMPRISING AN ELECTROCHROMIC CELL

Essilor International, C...

1. An ophthalmic device comprising:an electrochromic cell including at least two transparent layers having curved inner faces that delimit between the at least two transparent layers a sealed cavity filled by an electrochromic composition, the cavity being delimited at a periphery by a seal formed from an adhesive material, the seal having a width of less than 1000 micrometers and supporting the two transparent layers assembled with one another.

US Pat. No. 10,459,252

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROTECTING A USER FROM BLUE LIGHT RADIATION

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An apparatus for protecting a user's eye from blue light radiation, comprising:a radiation detector configured to convert blue light from a light source into a photo voltage having a voltage value;
a processor coupled to the radiation detector and configured to calculate a cumulative radiation intensity based on the voltage value cumulated over a time interval, and to compare the cumulative radiation intensity with a threshold value;
an electrochromic layer configured to adjustably block at least a portion of blue light from the user's eye when the cumulative radiation intensity exceeds the threshold value; and
a controller coupled to the processor and the electrochromic layer, configured to adjustably control blocking of at least a portion of blue light from the user's eye when the cumulative radiation intensity exceeds the threshold value, and configured to adjustably control a degree of blue light blocking of the electrochromic layer between a first light blocking degree, and a second light blocking degree higher than the first light blocking degree;
wherein the processor is configured to generate an adjustment value; and
the controller is configured to adjust the degree of blue light blocking of the electrochromic layer based on the adjustment value;
wherein the adjustment value is generated based on at least one of:
(1) a product of a first factor associated with an angle of incidence of the blue light received at a location of the electrochromic layer corresponding to a maximum photo voltage detected by the radiation detector, and a second factor associated with a voltage value of the maximum photo voltage;
(2) a sum of the second factor, and a third factor associated with a distance between the user and a location of the electrochromic layer corresponding to the maximum photo voltage detected by the radiation detector; or
(3) a sum of (a) the third factor, and (b) a product of the second factor, and a fourth factor associated with an angle of exit of the blue light at the location of the electrochromic layer corresponding to the maximum photo voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,459,251

PROGRESSIVE MULTIFOCAL LENS HAVING AN ENLARGED INTERMEDIATE DISTANCE VISION REGION

Essilor International, C...

1. A progressive multifocal lens adapted to correct a user's vision and having a first major surface and a second major surface, where the first major surface is positioned closest to the user's eye when the progressive multifocal lens is worn by the user, the progressive multifocal lens comprising:a far-distance vision region having a first refractive power;
a near-distance vision region having a second refractive power;
an intermediate-distance vision region having a third refractive power;
a first and a second progressive region;
a main line of sight extending from the far-distance vision region to the near-distance vision and passing through the intermediate-distance vision region,
wherein the first progressive region joins the far-distance vision region and the intermediate-distance vision region and the second progressive region joins the intermediate-distance vision region and the near-distance vision region; and
an intermediate section of the main line of sight along which a power gradient thereof has at least two maxima and one minimum, the two maxima being smaller or equal to 1.75 times a mean value of the power gradient over a section of the main line of sight between a point of the main line of sight for which an optical power of the lens reaches 10% of the addition of the lens to a point of the main line of sight for which the optical power of the lens reaches 85% of the addition.

US Pat. No. 10,459,250

METHODS AND APPARATUS TO ENHANCE OXYGEN CONCENTRATIONS FOR ADVANCED OPHTHALMIC DEVICES

1. A contact lens comprising:a hydrogel skirt, wherein the hydrogel skirt is molded into a shape of the contact lens, with an arcuate back surface placed proximate to a user's cornea during a use of the contact lens;
an insert including one or more components mounted thereon, wherein the insert is gas impermeable and impermeable to fluid flow through its body, the insert comprising a dual chamber structure with one chamber positioned above the other chamber, wherein the insert and the one or more components is encapsulated within the hydrogel skirt;
a first region of the hydrogel skirt, wherein the first region of the hydrogel skirt is that portion of the hydrogel skirt that is between a surface of the insert and a cornea of a user during the use of the contact lens; and
an electroactive oxygen generator comprising a vessel that stores a fluid comprising an oxygen containing chemical, wherein an electrical signal causes the electroactive oxygen generator to release the fluid comprising the oxygen containing chemical to interact with a catalytic surface to evolve oxygen gas.

US Pat. No. 10,459,249

CHIRAL SCLERAL LENSES

Boston Foundation for Sig...

1. A set of trial scleral lenses comprising:a right lens configured with four specified hemi-meridian contours that each corresponds to a rotationally asymmetric hemi-meridian characteristic of a right eye;
a left lens configured with four specified hemi-meridian contours that each corresponds to a rotationally asymmetric hemi-meridian characteristic of a left eye;
wherein the right lens is chiral with respect to the left lens;
wherein the four specified hemi-meridian contours of each of the right and left lens are based on a haptic reference angle calculated for one of the four rotationally asymmetric hemi-meridians of the left or right eye; and
two collections of a plurality of pairs of the right and left lenses, wherein each pair is based on a different scleral diameter, wherein each collection is based on a different haptic reference angle value
wherein a first of the different haptic reference angle values is about 43°; and
a second of the different haptic reference angle is about 42°.

US Pat. No. 10,459,248

UV CURABLE COATING COMPOSITIONS FOR IMPROVED ABRASION RESISTANCE

Essilor International, C...

1. An ophthalmic article comprising:a first coating comprising an abrasion resistant coating comprising at least one flexible material having a glass transition temperature ranging from ?150° C. to 25° C., wherein the abrasion resistant coating is radiation-cured; and
a second coating comprising a sputter-applied anti-reflective (AR) coating,wherein the ophthalmic article has a Bayer value of at or between 1.25 and 2.6 and a hand steel wool value of 3 or less.

US Pat. No. 10,459,247

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING AN OPHTHALMIC LENS COMPRISING A MARKING STEP FOR PRODUCING PERMANENT TECHNICAL MARKS ON SAID OPHTHALMIC LENS

ESSILOR INTERNATIONAL, C...

1. A method for manufacturing an ophthalmic lens, the method comprising:a marking operation for producing technical permanent marks on said ophthalmic lens that exhibits a body, a first face, and a second face opposite to said first face, the first face and the second face respectively defining a first optical surface and a second optical surface, the marking operation comprising
additively manufacturing said body and said first and second faces, by depositing a plurality of first predetermined volume elements of a first material having a first complex refractive index, to obtain said first and second optical surfaces, and
additively manufacturing said technical permanent marks by depositing, during said depositing the plurality of said first predetermined volume elements of said first material, at least one second predetermined volume element of a second material having a second complex refractive index different from said first complex refractive index of said first material, the technical permanent marks being located in a zone of the ophthalmic lens passing through a horizontal axis, on either side and at an equal distance from a reference point,
wherein the technical permanent marks are characteristic of an optical reference system to be provided to said ophthalmic lens and are located in said ophthalmic lens in a determined position dependent on said first and second optical surfaces,
the technical permanent marks are additively formed in a plurality of successive and superposed layers of the first material, wherein at least two of the technical permanent marks are in a same layer, and
the first face and the second face are curved, the first face being convex and the second face being concave, the plurality of superposed layers between the first face and the second face being flat layers in a direction perpendicular to a vertical axis passing through the first face and the second face.

US Pat. No. 10,459,246

FLEXIBLE HINGE WITH A TENSION SPRING

OKIA OPTICAL CO., LTD., ...

1. A flexible hinge comprising:a) a tension spring (1) having two ends (11) and (12);
b) a sliding element (2) having a first segment (23), a second segment (24), and an ending (26) between the first segment (23) and the second segment (24), wherein there is an opening (22) near the end of one of the first and second segments, and wherein the opening (22) is configured to engage with one end of the tension spring (1);
c) a sliding element guide (3) comprising a third segment (35), a fourth segment (36), a middle segments (34) between the third segment (35) and the fourth segment (36), and a pair of slots (33A) and (33B) in the middle segment (34), wherein the pair of slots (33A) and (33B) are configured to allow the first and second segments of the sliding element (2) to slide through, and wherein there is a first guide opening (31) and a second guide opening (32) in the third segment (35) and the fourth segment (36) respectively;
d) a spring tensioner (4) having a spring fixing device at one end configured to engage with the other end of the tension spring (1);
e) a stop (5) for stopping the longitudinal movement of the sliding element (2), wherein the stop (5) passes through the first guide opening (31) and second guide opening (32) in the sliding element guide (3);
f) a fastener (6); and
g) a bearing shield (7) having a pair of bearing shield openings (71) and (72), wherein the fastener (6) goes through the bearing shield openings (71) and (72) and the ending (26) to engage the bearing shield (7) with the rest of the flexible hinge.

US Pat. No. 10,459,245

FLEXIBLE TEMPLE STRUCTURE

1. A flexible temple structure comprising a lens surface, a frame surroundingly provided on the periphery of said lens surface, and two temples respectively connected to two ends of said frame, two sides of said lens surface being defined as a front face and a back face, characterized in that said flexible temple structure comprises:two first connecting portions respectively provided on each of two corresponding ends of said frame, each of said first connecting portions comprising a main body provided toward the back face of said lens surface, a projecting block extending toward the back face of said lens surface from said main body, and a shaft post radially provided on two ends of said projecting block; and
two second connecting portions individually provided at one end of each of said temples, each of said second connecting portions comprising an embedded mouth, an accommodating space communicated with said embedded mouth, and a guide slot provided at two sides of said accommodating space, said guide slot comprising a fastening section, and a securing section connected with one end, away from said embedded mouth, of said fastening section, wherein an opening of said fastening section is opened perpendicularly to said embedded mouth, and a width of said opening of said fastening section is narrowed gradually in a direction toward said securing section;
wherein said projecting block and said shaft post sequentially enter said accommodating space and said guide slot through said embedded mouth, an appropriate resistance force is provided by said fastening section to allow said shaft post being operably retained in said securing section and said shaft post being pivoted in said securing section.

US Pat. No. 10,459,244

ASSEMBLING STRUCTURE FOR EYEGLASSES

1. A pair of eyeglasses comprising:two lenses;
an eyeglass frame including a central portion, wherein the central portion includes two frame portions respectively on two sides thereof, wherein the two lenses are respectively and detachably received in the two frame portions, wherein the central portion includes an intermediate section having a notch between the two frame portions, wherein the central portion includes an upper portion and a lower portion, wherein the upper portion includes an insertion hole extending in the vertical direction, wherein an opening is defined in an upper end of the insertion hole and includes at least one pressing face, wherein the lower portion includes a rear face, wherein the lower portion includes an engaging groove extending in the vertical direction and aligned with the insertion hole, and wherein at least one fixing hole extends forward from the rear face of the lower portion and intercommunicates with the engaging groove; and
a coupling block inserted downwardly into the insertion hole of the upper portion of the eyeglass frame and the engaging groove of the lower portion, wherein the coupling block includes an upper end having at least one pressing portion pressing against the at least one pressing face, wherein the coupling block further includes a lower end having at least one fixing hole, wherein the notch of the eyeglass frame between the upper portion and the lower portion is narrowed after the two lenses are coupled with the two frame portions of the eyeglass frame, and wherein at least one fastener extends through the at least one fixing hole from the rear face of the lower portion and engages with the at least one fixing hole of the coupling block.

US Pat. No. 10,459,243

OPTICAL IMAGE STABILIZATION SYNCHRONIZATION OF GYROSCOPE AND ACTUATOR DRIVE CIRCUIT

STMicroelectronics, Inc.,...

1. A method, comprising:receiving a first data ready signal from a gyroscope, the first data ready signal indicating that first movement data is ready;
receiving a reset signal from the gyroscope, the reset signal being active indicating that the gyroscope is in a non-measuring state;
outputting, during a first control cycle, a first power drive signal to an actuator configured to move a lens;
transitioning, concurrently with the reset signal being active, a power level of the first power drive signal from a first power level to a second power level;
receiving, during the first control cycle, position data of a position of the lens from a position sensor while the first power drive signal is at a constant power level;
determining, during a second control cycle that is subsequent to the first control cycle, a second power drive signal based on the first movement data and the position data; and
outputting, during a third control cycle that is subsequent to the second control cycle, the second power drive signal to the actuator.

US Pat. No. 10,459,242

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CAPTURING AN IMAGE OF A TARGET OBJECT

MBDA Deutschland GmbH, S...

1. A method for capturing an image of a distant moving target object illuminated by an illumination laser comprising:splitting a pulsed laser beam emitted by the illumination laser into an illumination beam and a partial beam between the illumination laser and an illumination optics unit;
illuminating the target object by means of the illumination beam, which illumination beam is directly aimed at the target object by the illumination optics unit;
receiving illumination beam laser light reflected from the target object by a receiving optics unit arranged separately from the illumination optics unit;
directing received reflected illumination beam laser light to an image capturing device to generate an image of the target object on the image capturing device;
detecting an angular offset of the image of the target object with respect to a reference axis of the receiving optics unit;
stabilizing a visual axis of the image capturing device detected by imaging of the target object by a first optical correcting element of the receiving optics unit that compensates for the angular offset;
wherein, for stabilize imaging of the target object, the method further comprises:
delaying the partial beam in an optical delay device;
illuminating the target object by means of the partial beam that is directed at the target object by the receiving optics unit;
receiving partial beam laser light which is reflected by the target object and which defines a reference wavefront by the receiving optics unit;
decoupling received reflected partial beam laser light from light that is received by the receiving optics unit;
directing decoupled reflected partial beam laser light to a wavefront sensor;
detecting a wavefront error in the received reflected partial beam laser light; and
fine tuning the receiving optics unit to compensate for the wavefront error by means of a second optical correcting element of the receiving optics unit,
wherein said decoupling the received reflected partial beam laser light from the light that is received by the receiving optics unit is carried out by Pockels cells that are actuated synchronously to assure clocking of the pulsed laser beam emitted by the illumination laser.

US Pat. No. 10,459,241

IMAGING APPARATUS AND METHODS USING DIFFRACTION-BASED ILLUMINATION

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. An apparatus comprising:a diffraction grating to redirect light from a light source toward a sample supported on a planar surface to thereby illuminate an area of the sample, the diffraction grating to be substantially parallel to the planar surface and aligned with the area of the sample when the light is redirected; and
an image sensor to detect a diffraction pattern created by the illuminated sample the image sensor to be substantially parallel to the planar surface and aligned with the area of the sample when the light is redirected by the diffraction grating.

US Pat. No. 10,459,240

STEREOSCOPIC THREE DIMENSIONAL PROJECTION SYSTEM WITH SHORT THROW RATIO

1. A time-multiplexed stereoscopic 3d projection system, comprising:a projector emitting an incident image-beam comprising a rapid succession of alternate left and right-eye images;
a polarization beam-splitting element arranged to separate said incident image-beam into one primary image-beam propagating substantially in the same direction as said incident image-beam and possessing a first state of polarization, and at least one secondary image-beam propagating substantially in a mutually orthogonal direction to said incident image-beam and possessing a second state of polarization;
a reflecting surface operable to deflect the optical path of at least one of said primary and secondary image-beams towards the surface of a polarization-preserving projection-screen;
at least one polarization modulator being placed within the optical path for each of said primary and secondary image-beams thereof and arranged so as to modulate the polarization states for each of said primary and secondary image-beams between a first modulated state of polarization and a second modulated state of polarization in synchronization with the images generated by said projector;
a uniaxial condensing lens placed within the optical path for said incident image-beam and positioned between said projector and said polarization beam-splitting element; and
at least one uniaxial expanding lens placed within the optical path for at least one of said primary and secondary image-beams thereof and positioned between said polarization beam-splitting element and said polarization-preserving projection-screen.

US Pat. No. 10,459,239

NAKED-EYE STEREOSCOPIC DISPLAY GRATING, MANUFACTURING METHOD AND DISPLAY DEVICE

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. A display device, comprising:a naked-eye stereoscopic display grating;
a liquid crystal display panel; and
a backlight module;
wherein, the naked-eye stereoscopic display grating is placed between a visible region of the liquid crystal display panel and the backlight module;
wherein, the naked-eye stereoscopic display grating has a transparent region and a reflective region arranged periodically, wherein the transparent region includes a transparent substrate, the reflective region includes the transparent substrate, and a metal oxide layer and a metal grating layer sequentially disposed on the transparent substrate; and
wherein, a reflectivity of the metal oxide layer is less than a reflectivity of the metal grating layer;
wherein, the metal oxide layer is molybdenum oxide (MoOx) with a reflectivity less than 25% at the visible wavelength band, and a range of the visible wavelength band is 390 nm˜780 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,459,238

AUTOSTEREOSCOPIC DISPLAY DEVICE

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. An autostereoscopic display, comprising:a pixelated display panel, pixelated display panel comprising an array of single color pixels or an array of sub-pixels of different colors, wherein each group sub-pixels define full color pixels; and
a view forming arrangement, wherein the view forming arrangement is positioned over the display panel,
wherein the view forming arrangement is arranged to direct light the light from different pixels or sub-pixels to different spatial locations, thereby enabling different views of a three dimensional scene to be displayed in different spatial locations,
wherein the pixels of the display panel form a hexagonal grid, with a maximum internal angle deviation from 120 degrees of 20 degrees or less,
wherein the hexagonal grid repeats with translation vectors a and b, and the lengths of the translation vectors a and b have an aspect ratio of the shorter to the longer between 0.66 and 1;
wherein the view forming arrangement comprises a two dimensional array of lenses which repeat in a hexagonal grid with translation vectors p? and q?;
wherein defining a dimensionless vector p as (pa,pb), which satisfies:
p?=paa+pbb,
and defining circular regions in the space of components pb and pa for integer n as:

where n is an integer number,
with rn=r0n?? defining the radius of each circle, ?n defining the circle centers, and with N comprising a vector function for two coordinate vectors defined as:

the translation vectors a, b, p? and q? are selected with values such that p falls in a vector space, wherein the vector space excludes the sets E1, E3 or E4 with r0=0.1 and ?=0.75.

US Pat. No. 10,459,237

SYSTEM, HEAD MOUNTED DEVICE (HMD) AND METHOD FOR ADJUSTING A POSITION OF AN HMD WORN BY A USER

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. A method, comprising:receiving data from an eye tracking system of a head mounted device (HMD) worn by a user, wherein the data is generated by the eye tracking system in response to the user gazing upon a virtual image plane of the HMD;
using the received data to calculate a distance between the virtual image plane of the HMD and a pupil plane of the user;
adjusting a physical position of a pad and/or an optical assembly of the HMD with respect to the user based on the calculated distance; and
controlling a stepper motor to extend the pad and/or the optical assembly toward or away from the user to adjust the physical position of the pad and/or the optical assembly of the HMD with respect to the user.

US Pat. No. 10,459,236

HEAD-MOUNTED DISPLAY DEVICE WITH EARBUD HOLDER

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A head-mounted display device comprising:a main body comprising an opening formed in a rear surface thereof;
a band part connected to the main body and fixing the main body to a head of a user;
an image output unit disposed inside the main body to face the opening and configured to provide an image to the user;
an earbud holder partially recessed into the main body and positioned at a corner between a side surface and a bottom surface of the main body;
an earbud mounted on the earbud holder;
a first sensor configured to switch to an OFF state when the earbud is stored in the earbud holder and switch to an ON state when the earbud is separated from the earbud holder;
a second sensor configured to switch to the ON state when the main body is worn by the user on the rear surface thereof; and
a controller configured to control the image output unit to output the image and control the earbud to output sound when both the first sensor and the second sensor are in the ON state.

US Pat. No. 10,459,235

HEAD-MOUNTED DISPLAY

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. A head-mounted display comprising:a display unit configured to display an image;
a fixed unit configured to be fixed on a head of a user;
an adjustment unit that is configured to move and hold the display unit relative to the fixed unit, the adjustment unit being provided with:
a first adjustment unit connected to the fixed unit, wherein the first adjustment unit is configured to move the display unit relative to the fixed unit with at least one of a first degree of freedom or a third degree of freedom smaller than the first degree of freedom, and adjust a position of the display unit, and
a second adjustment unit connected to the display unit, wherein the second adjustment unit is configured to move the display unit relative to the fixed unit with a second degree of freedom, and adjust the position of the display unit; and
a degree-of-freedom changing unit configured to selectively change a degree of freedom of the first adjustment unit between the first degree of freedom and the third degree of freedom,
wherein the first adjustment unit includes:
a guide member;
a moving member configured to be brought into contact with the guide member and slide in a predetermined direction; and
a pressing member configured to press the moving member against the guide member and bring the moving member into contact with the guide member,
wherein the degree-of-freedom changing unit includes a restriction member that restricts movement of the pressing member relative to the guide member, and
wherein the restriction member imposes a restriction such that the pressing member is movable relative to the guide member in the predetermined direction in a state that the degree of freedom of the first adjustment unit is the first degree of freedom, and that the pressing member is fixed relative to the guide member in a state that the degree of freedom of the first adjustment unit is the third degree of freedom.

US Pat. No. 10,459,234

CONTROLLING A HEAD-MOUNTED DISPLAY SYSTEM IN LOW POWER SITUATIONS

Facebook, Inc., Menlo Pa...

1. A method comprising:executing a developer application on a head-mounted display system, the developer application causing graphics to be displayed on a display device of the head-mounted display system;
monitoring a power level of a battery powering a component of the head-mounted display system;
detecting that the power level of the battery is below an upper threshold value; responsive to detecting that the power level of the battery is below the upper threshold value, sending a low battery command indicative of the power level being below the upper threshold value via an application programming interface to the developer application being executed by the head-mounted display system;
detecting that the power level of the battery falls below a lower threshold;
responsive to detecting that the power level of the battery falls below the lower threshold, initiating a pass-through mode of the head-mounted display system in which the head-mounted display system projects a representation of an external environment of the head-mounted display system;
detecting that the power level of the battery is charging at a rate faster than an energy consumption of the component of the head-mounted display system; and
exiting the pass-through mode responsive to the detecting that the power level of the battery is charging at the rate faster than the energy consumption of the component.

US Pat. No. 10,459,233

VIRTUAL IMAGE DISPLAY WITH CURVED LIGHT PATH

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A display comprising:a projector configured to provide light of a virtual image;
a waveguide into which the light of the virtual image is injected at an injection angle by the projector, wherein the waveguide is configured to emit the light at a point established by the injection angle; and
a volume grating disposed along a planar extraction section of the waveguide and configured to redirect the light of the virtual image;
wherein the waveguide constrains the light of the virtual image through total internal reflection along a curved path for the light between the projector and the volume grating.

US Pat. No. 10,459,232

AUGMENTED REALITY PATIENT INTERFACE DEVICE FITTING APPARATUS

Koninklijke Philips N.V.,...

1. An augmented reality apparatus for facilitating a patient interface device fitting process, comprising:means for providing a real-time image of the patient; and
a processor apparatus storing a plurality of augmented reality component data files, the plurality of augmented reality component data files including, for each of a plurality of patient interface devices comprising a plurality of different sizes of a particular patient interface device type, contact region image data representing an image of a contact region showing only where the patient interface device would actually contact a wearer's face and not representing an image of the patient interface device itself, the processor apparatus being configured to cause an augmented real-time image to be created and transmitted by the augmented reality apparatus by augmenting the real-time image using the contact region image data of at least one of the augmented reality component data files, wherein the augmented real-time image comprises one or more of the contact regions rendered on the real-time image, and wherein the processor apparatus is configured to cause the augmented real-time image to be created and transmitted by the augmented reality apparatus by augmenting the real-time image using the contact region image data of each of the plurality of different sizes of the particular patient interface device type simultaneously.

US Pat. No. 10,459,231

AUGMENTED REALITY SYSTEMS AND METHODS WITH VARIABLE FOCUS LENS ELEMENTS

Magic Leap, Inc., Planta...

1. A display system comprising:a head-mountable display configured to project light to a viewer to display image information on one or more depth planes, the display comprising:
one or more waveguides configured to project the light to the viewer, wherein the one or more waveguides are further configured to transmit light from objects in a surrounding environment to the viewer;
a first variable focus lens element between the one or more waveguides and a first eye of the viewer, wherein the first variable focus lens element is configured to modify the projected light to correct for a refractive error of the first eye of the viewer; and
a second variable focus lens element between the one or more waveguides and the surrounding environment, wherein the second variable focus lens element is configured to modify light from objects in the surrounding environment to correct for a refractive error of the first eye of the viewer.

US Pat. No. 10,459,230

COMPACT AUGMENTED REALITY / VIRTUAL REALITY DISPLAY

Disney Enterprises, Inc.,...

1. An augmented reality (AR)-capable display device for displaying light generated by a display onto a field of view, the display device comprising:an optical arrangement defining the field of view, the optical arrangement having a positioning relative to a predefined position of the display, wherein the predefined position is outside the field of view, the optical arrangement comprising:
a beam splitter element disposed within the field of view, wherein the beam splitter element is configured to:
transmit display light generated by the display when in the predefined position, and
transmit environmental light received from the physical environment within the field of view;
a first mirror element disposed outside the field of view, wherein the first mirror element comprises a curved mirror element providing a positive optical power, the curved mirror element configured to reflect, toward the beam splitter element, the display light that is transmitted through the beam splitter element; and
a lens element disposed outside the field of view between the beam splitter element and the curved mirror element,
wherein the beam splitter element is further configured to reflect, onto the field of view, the display light reflected by the curved mirror element.

US Pat. No. 10,459,228

HEAD WEARABLE DISPLAY USING POWERLESS OPTICAL COMBINER

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. An optical apparatus for a head wearable display, comprising:a lightguide to receive, at a first side of the lightguide, display light having an initial cross-section size into the lightguide and guide the display light down the lightguide, wherein the lightguide includes a first plurality of reflective optical elements that redirect the display light out of a second side of the lightguide with an expanded cross-section size that is larger than the initial cross-section size, wherein the first plurality of reflective optical elements comprise a linear array of planar surfaces offset from each other and obliquely oriented relative to the second side; and
an optical combiner separate from, and obliquely oriented relative to, the lightguide, the optical combiner to combine the display light having the expanded cross-section with ambient scene light, the optical combiner including:
an ambient scene side;
an eye-ward side; and
a second plurality of reflective optical elements that pass at least a portion of the ambient scene light incident along an eye-ward direction on the ambient scene side through to the eye-ward side and redirect the display light having the expanded cross-section and incident on the eye-ward side to the eye-ward direction, wherein the second plurality of reflective optical elements comprise a linear array of planar surfaces offset from each other and obliquely oriented relative to the ambient and eye-ward sides, and wherein the second plurality of reflective optical elements are substantially without lensing power.

US Pat. No. 10,459,227

METHOD OF VISUALLY OUTPUTTING TO A WORKER DURING AN OPERATION A NUMBER OF PARAMETERS PERTAINING TO THE OPERATION, AND ASSOCIATED APPARATUS

Westinghouse Electric Com...

1. A method of visually outputting to a worker during the performance of an operation that is being performed at least in part by the worker a number of visible indicia that are continually updated and that are representative of a number of parameters that pertain to the operation, the method comprising:periodically receiving a number of inputs from a number of detectors;
periodically employing at least some of the inputs of the number of inputs to determine a value for each of at least a subset of parameters of the number of parameters; and
depicting the number of visible indicia on an electronic visual display that is situated on the worker and is disposed proximate an eye of the worker, the number of visible indicia being representative of the value that corresponds with each parameter of at least some of the parameters of the at least subset.

US Pat. No. 10,459,226

RENDERING OF A NOTIFICATION ON A HEAD MOUNTED DISPLAY

Nokia Technologies Oy, E...

1. A method comprising:determining occurrence of a virtual information region event, the virtual information region event indicating a change of information that is allocated to a virtual information region that is at least partially beyond a field of view of a head mounted display, the virtual information region having a virtual information region location that is in a direction from the field of view;
causing rendering of a non-visual notification that is indicative of the direction from the field of view in response to the virtual information region event;
receiving information indicative of a visual notification invocation input;
determining a visual notification that is visually descriptive of at least one aspect of the virtual information region event in response to the visual notification invocation input;
receiving information indicative of a visual notification selection input;
changing the virtual information region location of the virtual information region to a different virtual information region location that is within the field of view in response to the visual notification selection input; and
causing display of the visual notification on the head mounted display.

US Pat. No. 10,459,225

DISPLAY DEVICE

NIPPON SEIKI CO., LTD., ...

1. A display device for displaying a display image, comprising:light sources that emit light corresponding to the display image;
a display element comprising reflection units that reflect the light from the light sources toward a screen by controlling an angle of each of the reflection units;
a heater for providing heat to the display element;
a temperature detection unit for detecting a temperature of the display element; and
a control unit that controls the light source to emit light using a field-sequential method in which the light sources for emitting the light are sequentially switched, wherein
when the detected temperature of the display element is less than a first temperature threshold, the display device enters a first mode in which the control unit:
controls the light source to stop emitting the light corresponding to the display image by supplying no current to the light sources;
controls the display element to stop reflecting the light corresponding to the display image by supplying no current to the display element; and
controls the heater to provide the heat to the display element by supplying a first heater current amount to the heater.

US Pat. No. 10,459,224

HIGH TRANSMITTANCE EYEWEAR FOR HEAD-UP DISPLAYS

HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL I...

1. An optical device for displaying a pulsed right eye display image and a pulsed left eye display image over a forward scene that is observable through a windscreen, comprising:a first lens assembly having a transmittance versus time and configured to optically receive the pulsed right eye image and the pulsed left eye image and to cycle between absorbing the pulsed left eye image and transmitting the pulsed right eye image;
a second lens assembly having a transmittance versus time and configured to optically receive the pulsed right eye image and the pulsed left eye image and to cycle between absorbing the pulsed right eye image and transmitting the pulsed left eye image;
wherein the first and second lens assemblies comprise crossed dichroic guest-host liquid crystal lenses;
wherein each lens assembly includes a switchable retardation layer that is located between two switchable polarizers, wherein the switchable retardation layer is switchable between a nominal half-wave retardance and zero retardance and where a retardation axis of the retardation layer is oriented at 45 degrees between axes of two switchable polarizers to increase transmittance of the lens assembly; and
wherein the first lens assembly having a transmittance versus time has an average transmittance greater than 50 percent, and the second lens assembly having a transmittance versus time has an average transmittance greater than 50 percent.

US Pat. No. 10,459,223

SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND METHODS FOR VARIABLE LUMINANCE IN WEARABLE HEADS-UP DISPLAYS

North Inc., Kitchener, O...

1. A wearable heads-up display (“WHUD”) comprising:a support structure worn on a head of a user;
a laser projector carried by the support structure, the laser projector comprising:
at least one laser diode to provide a laser light; and
at least one scan mirror positioned to receive the laser light from the at least one diode and controllably orientable to redirect the laser light over a range of angles;
a liquid crystal element positioned in an optical path of the laser light between the at least one laser diode and the at least one scan mirror;
a controller communicatively coupled to the liquid crystal element, wherein an opacity of the liquid crystal element is modulatable in response to signals from the controller and wherein the laser light is attenuated in response to the modulated opacity of the liquid crystal element; and
a transparent combiner carried by the support structure and positioned within a field of view of the user, the transparent combiner to direct the laser light from an output of the laser projector into the field of view of the user.

US Pat. No. 10,459,222

SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND METHODS FOR VARIABLE LUMINANCE IN WEARABLE HEADS-UP DISPLAYS

North Inc., Kitchener, O...

1. A method of operating a laser projector with variable luminance, wherein the laser projector includes at least one laser diode and a liquid crystal element with a controller communicatively coupled thereto, the method comprising:generating a laser light by the at least one laser diode;
receiving the laser light from the at least one laser diode by the liquid crystal element;
modulating an opacity of the liquid crystal element by the controller; and
attenuating a luminance of the laser light by the opacity of the liquid crystal element.

US Pat. No. 10,459,221

SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND METHODS FOR VARIABLE LUMINANCE IN WEARABLE HEADS-UP DISPLAYS

North Inc., Kitchener, O...

1. A laser projector with variable luminance, comprising:at least one laser diode to provide a laser light;
at least one scan mirror positioned to receive the laser light from the at least one laser diode and controllably orientable to redirect the laser light over a range of angles;
a liquid crystal element positioned in an optical path of the laser light between the at least one laser diode and the at least one scan mirror; and
a controller communicatively coupled to the liquid crystal element, wherein an opacity of the liquid crystal element is modulatable in response to signals from the controller and wherein the laser light is attenuated in response to the modulated opacity of the liquid crystal element.

US Pat. No. 10,459,220

SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND METHODS FOR LASER EYE TRACKING IN WEARABLE HEADS-UP DISPLAYS

North Inc., Kitchener, O...

1. A wearable heads-up display (“WHUD”) comprising:a support frame that in use is worn on a head of a user;
a scanning laser projector carried by the support frame, the scanning laser projector including:
an infrared laser diode;
at least one visible light laser diode; and
at least one scan mirror;
an infrared photodetector carried by the support frame;
a processor carried by the support frame, the processor communicatively coupled to the scanning laser projector and the at least one infrared photodetector; and
a non-transitory processor-readable storage medium communicatively coupled to the processor, wherein the non-transitory processor-readable storage medium stores data and/or processor-executable instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause the WHUD to:
generate an infrared light by the infrared laser diode;
scan the infrared laser light over the eye of the user by the at least one scan mirror, wherein scanning the infrared laser light over the eye of the user by the at least one scan mirror includes sweeping the at least one scan mirror through a range of orientations and, for a plurality of orientations of the at least one scan mirror, reflecting the infrared laser light to a respective region of the eye of the user;
detect reflections of the infrared laser light from the eye of the user by the at least one infrared photodetector;
determine a respective intensity of a plurality of detected reflections of the infrared light by the processor;
identify, by the processor, at least one detected reflection for which the intensity exceeds a threshold value;
determine, by the processor, the orientation of the at least one scan mirror that corresponds to the at least one detected reflection for which the intensity exceeds the threshold value; and
determine, by the processor, a region in the field of view of the eye of the user at which a gaze of the eye is directed based on the orientation of the at least one scan mirror that corresponds to the at least one detected reflection for which the intensity exceeds the threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,459,219

EXTRANEOUS-MATTER REMOVING APPARATUS

FUJITSU TEN LIMITED, Kob...

1. An extraneous-matter removing apparatus for removing extraneous matter attached to an optical sensor, the apparatus comprising:an air compressing unit that includes:
a cylinder; and
a rotating body that is provided in the cylinder to be rotatable around a rotation axis, wherein
the air compressing unit ejects compressed air generated by rotation of the rotating body to the optical sensor,
the cylinder includes:
a cylinder chamber that is cylindrically formed and houses therein the rotating body; and
a wall that is formed along a radial direction of the cylinder chamber to segment the cylinder chamber, and
air between the rotating body and the wall in the cylinder chamber is compressed by the rotating body rotating around the rotation axis toward the wall to generate the compressed air.

US Pat. No. 10,459,218

OPTICAL DEFLECTOR, IMAGE DISPLAYING APPARATUS, AND OBJECT APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An optical deflector used for optically scanning a target surface, the optical deflector comprising:a mirror device configured to include a mirror configured to oscillate; and
a casing configured to include a window unit for facing the mirror device, and to accommodate the mirror device,
wherein the window unit has a transmissive reflection structure in which part of an incident beam is caused to transmit through the window unit toward the mirror, and at least part of a remainder of the incident beam is reflected by the window unit to a direction separated from an optical deflection range that is deflected by the mirror device,
wherein the transmissive reflection structure includes a diffraction grating provided on one of a front surface and a back surface of the window unit, and
wherein the diffraction grating is provided in an area of the window unit through which the part of the incident beam passes, and is not provided in another area of the window unit through which the deflected beam that has been deflected by the mirror device passes.

US Pat. No. 10,459,217

OPTICAL SCANNING APPARATUS HAVING PIVOTING REFLECTOR AND PIEZOELECTRIC ELEMENT

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An optical scanning apparatus comprising:a reflector that includes a reflective surface reflecting a light beam, the reflective surface perpendicular to a thickness direction, the reflective surface having a first direction and a second direction perpendicular to the first direction;
torsion beams between which the reflector is centered, the torsion beams extending from the reflector to opposite sides of the reflector in the first direction, respectively, the torsion beams enabling the reflector to pivot about an axis parallel to the first direction;
coupling portions disposed at opposite sides in the first direction, the coupling portions opposing each other across the reflector,
each of the coupling portions including
(i) a central portion having a U-shape including a bottom portion and two projection portions, the central portion opening toward the reflector when viewing the reflective surface from above in the thickness direction,
the bottom portion of the U-shape being joined to an end of the torsion beam, the end of the torsion beam being opposite to an end of the torsion beam joined to the reflector,
the two projection portions of the U-shape opposing each other to sandwich the torsion beam, and
(ii) opposite end portions that respectively extend in the second direction outwardly from opposite ends of the central portion in the second direction; and
supporting portions disposed at opposite sides in the second direction, the supporting portions opposing each other across the reflector,
each of the supporting portions extending between opposite ends in the first direction,
each of the supporting portions being joined to each of opposite ends of the coupling portion in the second direction,
wherein:
the central portion of the coupling portion is provided with first concave portions opposing each other in the projection portions of the U-shape, each projection portion having (i) a side surface facing the torsion beam and (ii) an opposite side surface opposite to the side surface facing the torsion beam in the second direction,
each first concave portion having a concaved shape being concaved by penetrating the coupling portion in the thickness direction perpendicular to the reflective surface,
each first concave portion having an opening to the side surface facing the torsion beam and extending from the opening towards the opposite side surface in the second direction up to a bottom, when viewing the reflective surface from above in the thickness direction;
a distance in the second direction between, of the concaved shapes of the first concave portions in the coupling portion, the bottoms opposing each other across the torsion beam is set greater than a distance in the second direction between, of the two projection portions of the U-shape, the side surfaces facing the torsion beam opposing each other across the torsion beam;
the central portion of the coupling portion is provided with a second concave portion in a portion closer to the reflector than the first concave portion in the first direction,
the second concave portion having a concaved shape being concaved by penetrating the coupling portion in the thickness direction perpendicular to the reflective surface,
the second concave portion
opening to the opposite side surface of each projection portion of the central portion and
extending towards the side surface facing the torsion beam;
a piezoelectric element configured by laminating a lower electrode, a piezoelectric film, and an upper electrode is formed to a surface of a portion ranging from each of the opposite end portions to the central portion, the portion being closer to the reflector than the second concave portion in the first direction; and
the piezoelectric element is formed up to a tip end of the central portion, the tip end adjacent to the torsion beam.

US Pat. No. 10,459,216

SUPPORT PLATE WITH LAYER ABSORBENT TO LIGHT

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. An electrowetting element comprising:a first support plate comprising:
an electrode;
a light redirector comprising a reflective surface; and
a first layer absorbent to light of a first wavelength;
a second support plate;
a first fluid in contact with the first support plate;
a second fluid immiscible with the first fluid and in contact with the second support plate, the first fluid and the second fluid located between the first support plate and the second support plate; and
a wall which at least partly surrounds an area of the first support plate in contact with the first fluid, the wall transmissive to light of the first wavelength, the reflective surface configured to receive a light ray of the first wavelength from the wall and redirect the light ray towards the first layer.

US Pat. No. 10,459,215

VIDEO DISPLAY DEVICE

KOPIN CORPORATION, Westb...

1. A near-to-eye video display device comprising:an eyepiece, the eyepiece having an optical axis; and
a display panel, the display panel having a display plane, the display plane to output light, the display panel has a diagonal length that is not greater than 40 mm near a front focal position of the eyepiece, wherein the eyepiece further comprising:
a first lens group and a second lens group in order from a side of the display panel in a positive direction, where the positive direction is a direction in which light emitted from the display panel travels along the optical axis; the first lens group further comprising:
a first element that is a refractive lens and that has a first optical surface on the side of the display panel and a second optical surface on a side of the positive direction, wherein the first optical surface has a negative refractive power and an outer region of the second optical surface has a negative curvature and is convex toward the outside of a lens medium; the second lens group further comprising, in order from the display panel in the positive direction, a second element that has a Fresnel surface facing the side of the positive direction and having a positive refractive power, and a third element that has a Fresnel surface facing the side of the display panel and having a positive refractive power, the second element and the third element being arranged close to each other; and the eyepiece emits light at a maximum field angle that is not less than 80 degrees.

US Pat. No. 10,459,214

OBJECTIVE OPTICAL SYSTEM FOR ENDOSCOPE AND ENDOSCOPE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. An objective optical system for an endoscope consisting of:a front group having negative refractive power as a whole, an aperture stop, and a rear group having positive refractive power as a whole, in order from an object side,
wherein the front group consists of a first lens, having negative refractive power, in which an absolute value of a curvature radius of a lens surface on an image side is smaller than an absolute value of a curvature radius of a lens surface on an object side, and at least one parallel planar member of which an incidence surface and an emission surface are perpendicular to an optical axis, in order from the object side,
wherein the rear group consists of a second lens having positive refractive power, a third lens having negative refractive power, and a fourth lens having positive refractive power, in order from the object side,
wherein the third lens and the fourth lens are joined together to constitute a cemented lens, and a cemented surface of the cemented lens has a concave surface directed to the image side, and
wherein the following Conditional Expression (1) is satisfied,
0.02 where
f: Focal distance of entire system, and
fc: Focal distance of the cemented lens.

US Pat. No. 10,459,212

OPTICAL TRAP FOR RHEOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of assaying viscoelastic properties of a sample, comprising:directing a detection beam to a bead embedded in the sample, wherein the bead is an optical trap bead;
detecting movement of the bead by sensing a position of the detection beam downstream of the bead;
directing a trap beam on the bead to apply an optical trap to the bead;
detecting passive movement of the trapped bead due to thermal motion;
oscillating the trapped bead relative to the sample with a complex waveform comprising a predetermined combination of frequencies, wherein the bead is oscillated along a plane transverse to a path of the detection beam;
detecting active movement of the trapped bead due to the oscillation; and
calculating a trap stiffness and a complex modulus for the bead based on the detected passive movement and the detected active movement.

US Pat. No. 10,459,211

RESONANT SCANNER INTEROPERATION WITH MOVABLE STAGE

1. A system for scanning tissue, comprising:a resonant scanner that is configured for optical scanning of a specimen, and wherein a direction of said optical scanning is performed within an oscillating pattern that cycles in between two extreme locations that define a line that is substantially parallel to a first axis;
a stage that is configured to move in at least one direction, said direction being substantially parallel to a second axis that is perpendicular to said first axis, and wherein said stage is configured to move at a velocity in accordance with control signals that are received by said stage;
a set of electronics that is configured to obtain a frequency of resonance over time of said resonant scanner, and wherein said set of electronics controls a velocity of movement of said stage over time, via communication of said control signals to said stage in response to said frequency of resonance over time.

US Pat. No. 10,459,210

OPTICAL ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD FOR IMAGING A SAMPLE

EUROPEAN MOLECULAR BIOLOG...

1. An optical arrangement for imaging a sample comprising:at least one first objective lens and at least one second objective lens;
at least one illumination source for producing an illumination beam;
a detector for imaging radiation from the sample; and
at least one movable mirror being movable between at least a first position and a second position;
wherein the at least one movable mirror reflects in the first position one of the illumination beam and the radiation, or both of the illumination beam and the radiation; and
the at least one movable mirror reflects in the second position the other of the illumination beam and the radiation, or neither of the illumination beam and the radiation;
wherein, depending on the at least one movable mirror being in the first position or the second position, the illumination beam is directed through one of the first objective lens and the second objective lens, and the radiation is directed through the other of the first objective lens and the second objective lens.

US Pat. No. 10,459,209

METHOD AND MICROSCOPE FOR EXAMINING A SAMPLE

LEICA MICROSYSTEMS CMS GM...

1. A method for examining a sample, the method comprising:simultaneously illuminating the sample in a plurality of different sample planes using respective illumination light beams along respective illumination lines;
scanning each sample region illuminated along an illumination line of the illumination lines by a separate detection point spread function (PSF); and
detecting a detection light emanating from the illuminated sample regions simultaneously and in a spatially separate manner,
wherein a spacing between two adjacent illumination lines of the illumination lines is greater than a sum of a respective illumination light beam radius of an illumination light beam of the illumination light beams and a radius of the adjacent detection PSF in a respective sample plane of the illumination beam.

US Pat. No. 10,459,208

MICROSCOPE AND METHOD FOR HIGH-RESOLUTION 3-D FLUORESCENCE MICROSCOPY

Carl Zeiss Microscopy Gmb...

1. A method for high-resolution 3D fluorescence microscopy, comprising(a) repeatedly exciting fluorescence emitters in a sample to emit fluorescence, and producing still images of the sample by means of a microscope having an imaging beam path with an optical resolution and a focal plane, said fluorescence emitters being stimulated to emit fluorescence in such a manner that at least a subset of the fluorescence emitters is isolated in each still image, so that the images of these fluorescence emitters can be separated in the still images within the optical resolution,
(b) localizing the positions of the fluorescence emitters from the images of the isolated fluorescence emitters in the resulting still images, with a location accuracy exceeding the optical resolution, and generating a high-resolution composite image therefrom,
(c) arranging an adaptive mirror in the imaging beam path of the microscope, and adjusting said mirror in such a manner that it produces an astigmatism when at least some of the still images are produced, thereby capturing still images with astigmatism, said images of the fluorescence emitters positioned above the focal plane having a first rotational asymmetry as a result of distortion in a first direction, and the images of fluorescence emitters positioned below the focal plane having a second rotational asymmetry as a result of distortion in a second direction, wherein depth position information for the fluorescence emitters is derived from the rotational asymmetry,
(d) further adjusting said adaptive mirror in such a manner that it does not produce any astigmatism when at least some of the still images are produced, such that non-astigmatic still images are captured, and
(e) detecting rotationally asymmetric images of fluorescence emitters in the non-astigmatic still images, and in the derivation process for the depth position information in the astigmatic still images these fluorescence emitters are either subjected to a depth position correction, or are suppressed.

US Pat. No. 10,459,207

ZOOMING OPTICAL SYSTEM, OPTICAL APPARATUS, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR THE ZOOMING OPTICAL SYSTEM

Nikon Corporation, Tokyo...

1. A zooming optical system comprising, in order from an object:a first lens group having positive refractive power;
a second lens group having negative refractive power;
a third lens group having positive refractive power;
a fourth lens group having negative refractive power; and
a fifth lens group having positive refractive power,
there being no other lens group between the first and fifth lens groups,
the first lens group being moved along an optical axis upon zooming,
at least a part of the second lens group to the fifth lens group being moved so as to include a movement component orthogonal to the optical axis, and
the following conditional expressions being satisfied:
4.45 2.15

US Pat. No. 10,459,206

MOBILE TERMINAL

GUANGDONG OPPO MOBILE TEL...

1. A mobile terminal, comprising a housing, a control module accommodated in the housing, and a camera module, the housing provided with a viewfinder window, the camera module comprising:a lens component, comprising:
a lens frame mounted on the housing and disposed relative to the viewfinder window;
a convex lens; and
a concave lens located between the convex lens and the viewfinder window, the convex lens and the concave lens fixed at an inner side of the lens frame, a focal length of the convex lens minus a focal length of the concave lens being greater than or equal to a distance from the convex lens to the concave lens;
the camera module further comprising:
an image sensor fixed inside the housing and located at a side of the convex lens away from the concave lens, the image sensor being configured to obtain an object image from outside of the viewfinder window at least using the concave lens and the convex lens, the image sensor electrically connected to the control module to transmit the obtained object image to the control module for processing the obtained object image,
one voice coil motor; and
a photographic lens disposed on the voice coil motor, the photographic lens located between the image sensor and the convex lens, the voice coil motor configured to adjust a position of a focus of the photographic lens to focus the object image from the photographic lens on the image sensor,
wherein the lens frame is mounted on the voice coil motor and is driven by the voice coil motor to move relative to the image sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,459,205

AUTO FOCUS AND OPTICAL IMAGE STABILIZATION IN A COMPACT FOLDED CAMERA

Corephotonics Ltd, Tel A...

1. An optical path folding element (OPFE) actuation sub-assembly comprising:a) a voice coil motor (VCM) actuator for actuating the OPFE to tilt around a virtual hinge axis positioned externally to the OPFE, the VCM actuator including a magnet rigidly coupled to the OPFE and a coil rigidly coupled to a base; and
b) a Hall-bar co-located with the coil and used for measuring a magnetic field in the Hall-bar correlated with an amount of tilt of the OPFE, wherein the Hall-bar measurement has a sensitivity that is increased by an increase in a relative motion between the magnet and the Hall-bar, the increase in the relative motion enabled by the positioning of the virtual hinge axis externally to the OPFE.

US Pat. No. 10,459,204

OPTICAL IMAGING LENS

GENIUS ELECTRONIC OPTICAL...

1. An optical imaging lens, sequentially comprising a first lens element, a second lens element, a third lens element, a fourth lens element, a fifth lens element, a sixth lens element, and a seventh lens element along an optical axis from an object side to an image side, each of the lens elements having an object-side surface facing toward the object side and allowing imaging rays to pass through and an image-side surface facing toward the image side and allowing the imaging rays to pass through, and the seven lens elements described above being the only lens elements having refracting power in the optical imaging lens,wherein:
the first lens element has positive refracting power, and a periphery region of the image-side surface of the first lens element is concave,
an optical axis region of the image-side surface of the second lens element is concave,
a periphery region of the object-side surface of the third lens element is concave,
a periphery region of the image-side surface of the fifth lens element is convex,
an optical axis region of the image-side surface of the sixth lens element is concave, and
the optical imaging lens meets conditions as follows:
V5+V6+V7?150.000;
(G67+G23)/(T6+T4)?1.200,
wherein V5 is an Abbe number of the fifth lens element, V6 is an Abbe number of the sixth lens element, V7 is an Abbe number of the seventh lens element, G67 is an air gap on the optical axis from the sixth lens element to the seventh lens element, G23 is an air gap on the optical axis from the second lens element to the third lens element, T6 is a central thickness of the sixth lens element on the optical axis, and T4 is a central thickness of the fourth lens element on the optical axis.

US Pat. No. 10,459,203

OPTICAL IMAGING SYSTEM

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. An optical imaging system comprising:a first lens comprising a concave image-side surface;
a second lens comprising refractive power;
a third lens comprising a concave image-side surface;
a fourth lens comprising a convex object-side surface or a convex image-side surface;
a fifth lens comprising refractive power;
a sixth lens comprising a concave image-side surface; and
a seventh lens comprising negative refractive power,
wherein the first to seventh lenses are sequentially disposed from an object side,
wherein the first to seventh lenses are sequentially adjacent to one another, and
wherein 1.62<(N2+N5+N6)/3, where N2 is a refractive index of the second lens, N5 is a refractive index of the fifth lens, and N6 is a refractive index of the sixth lens.

US Pat. No. 10,459,202

CAMERA OPTICAL LENS

AAC Technologies Pte. Ltd...

1. A camera optical lens comprising, from an object side to an image side in sequence: a first lens, a second lens, a third lens, a fourth lens, a fifth lens, a sixth lens and a seventh lens; wherein the camera optical lens further satisfies the following conditions:?3f1/f?1;
0.46f2/f1.65;
1.7n12.2;
1f6/f710;
2(R1+R2)/(R1?R2)10;
1.7n32.2; where
f: the focal length of the camera optical lens;
f1: the focal length of the first lens;
f2: the focal length of the second lens;
f6: the focal length of the sixth lens;
f7: the focal length of the seventh lens;
n1: the refractive power of the first lens;
n3: the refractive power of the third lens;
R1: the curvature radius of the object side surface of the first lens;
R2: the curvature radius of the image side surface of the first lens.

US Pat. No. 10,459,201

OPTICAL IMAGING LENS

Genius Electronic Optical...

1. An optical imaging lens, from an object side to an image side in order along an optical axis comprising: a first lens element, a second lens element, a third lens element, a fourth lens element, a fifth lens element, a sixth lens element and a seventh lens element, wherein the first lens element to the seventh lens element each has an object-side surface facing toward the object side to allow imaging rays to pass through as well as an image-side surface facing toward the image side to allow the imaging rays to pass through, wherein:the first lens element has positive refracting power, and the image-side surface of the first lens element has a concave portion in a vicinity of a periphery of the first lens element;
the second lens element is made of plastic;
the object-side surface of the third lens element has a concave portion in a vicinity of a periphery of the third lens element, and the image-side surface of the third lens element has a concave portion in a vicinity of the optical axis;
the object-side surface of the fourth lens element has a convex portion in a vicinity of the optical axis;
the object-side surface of the fifth lens element has a concave portion in a vicinity of the optical axis, and the image-side surface of the fifth lens element has a convex portion in a vicinity of a periphery of the fifth lens element;
the sixth lens element and the seventh lens element are made of plastic;
the lens elements having refracting power included by the optical imaging lens are only the seven lens elements described above,
wherein, ?3 is an Abbe number of the third lens element, ?5 is an Abbe number of the fifth lens element, and the optical imaging lens satisfies the relationship: ?3+?5?100.000.

US Pat. No. 10,459,200

OPTICAL IMAGING LENS

Genius Electronic Optical...

1. An optical imaging lens comprising a first lens element, a second lens element, a third lens element, a fourth lens element, a fifth lens element, a sixth lens element and a seventh lens element sequentially from an object side to an image side along an optical axis, the first lens element being arranged to be a lens element having refracting power in a first order from the object side to the image side, the second lens element being arranged to be a lens element having refracting power in a second order from the object side to the image side, the third lens element being arranged to be a lens element having refracting power in a third order from the object side to the image side, the fourth lens element being arranged to be a lens element having refracting power in a fourth order from the object side to the image side, the fifth lens element being arranged to be a lens element having refracting power in a fifth order from the object side to the image side, the sixth lens element being arranged to be a lens element having refracting power in a sixth order from the object side to the image side, the seventh lens element being arranged to be a lens element having refracting power in a last order from the object side to the image side, the first lens element to the seventh lens element each comprising an object-side surface facing toward the object side and allowing imaging rays to pass through and an image-side surface facing toward the image side and allowing the imaging rays to pass through, wherein:the first lens element has positive or negative refracting power;
the second lens element has negative refracting power and the image-side surface of the second lens element comprises a convex portion in a vicinity of a periphery of the second lens element;
the third lens element has positive refracting power, the object-side surface of the third lens element comprises a convex portion in a vicinity of the optical axis;
the image-side surface of the fourth lens element comprises a concave portion in a vicinity of the optical axis;
the object-side surface of the fifth lens element comprises a convex portion in a vicinity of the optical axis;
the image-side surface of the sixth lens element comprises a convex portion in a vicinity of the optical axis;
the image-side surface of the seventh lens element comprises a concave portion in a vicinity of the optical axis.

US Pat. No. 10,459,199

FIVE-PIECE OPTICAL LENS SYSTEM WITH A WIDE FIELD OF VIEW

NEWMAX TECHNOLOGY CO., LT...

1. A five-piece optical lens system with a wide field of view, in order from an object side to an image side, comprising:a first lens element with a negative refractive power, having an object-side surface being convex near an optical axis and an image-side surface being concave near the optical axis, the first lens element being made of glass, at least one of the object-side surface and the image-side surface of the first lens element being aspheric;
a second lens element with a positive refractive power, having an object-side surface being concave near the optical axis and an image-side surface being convex near the optical axis, at least one of the object-side surface and the image-side surface of the second lens element being aspheric;
a stop;
a third lens element with a positive refractive power, having an object-side surface being convex near the optical axis and an image-side surface being convex near the optical axis, at least one of the object-side surface and the image-side surface of the third lens element being aspheric;
a fourth lens element with a negative refractive power, having an object-side surface being concave near the optical axis and an image-side surface being convex near the optical axis, at least one of the object-side surface and the image-side surface of the fourth lens element being aspheric; and
a fifth lens element with a positive refractive power, having an object-side surface being convex near the optical axis and an image-side surface being concave near the optical axis, at least one of the object-side surface and the image-side surface of the fifth lens element being aspheric and provided with at least one inflection point;
wherein a focal length of the second lens element is f2, a focal length of the third lens element is f3, and they satisfy the relation: 2.1

US Pat. No. 10,459,197

IMAGE CAPTURING LENS SYSTEM, IMAGE CAPTURING APPARATUS AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

LARGAN PRECISION CO., LTD...

1. An image capturing lens system comprising four lens elements, the four lens elements being, in order from an object side to an image side:a first lens element having an object-side surface being convex in a paraxial region thereof and an image-side surface being concave in a paraxial region thereof;
a second lens element having an object-side surface being concave in a paraxial region thereof and an image-side surface being convex in a paraxial region thereof;
a third lens element having an object-side surface being concave in a paraxial region thereof and an image-side surface being convex in a paraxial region thereof; and
a fourth lens element having an image-side surface being concave in a paraxial region thereof and comprising at least one convex shape in an off-axis region thereof;
wherein the image capturing lens system has a total of four lens elements, an Abbe number of the fourth lens element is V4, an f-number of the image capturing lens system is Fno, a half of a maximal field of view of the image capturing lens system is HFOV, an axial distance between the first lens element and the second lens element is T12, an axial distance between the second lens element and the third lens element is T23, an axial distance between the third lens element and the fourth lens element is T34, and the following conditions are satisfied:
V4<30.0;
Fno?2.10;
0.78 T34

US Pat. No. 10,459,196

OPTICAL IMAGING LENS

Genius Electronic Optical...

1. An optical imaging lens, comprising a first element, a second element, a third element, a fourth element, a fifth lens element, a sixth lens element and a seventh lens element sequentially from an object side to an image side along an optical axis, each of the first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh lens elements having refracting power, an object-side surface facing toward the object side and allowing an imaging ray to pass therethrough and an image-side surface facing toward the image side and allowing the imaging ray to pass therethrough, wherein:the optical imaging lens comprises no other lenses having refracting power beyond the seven lens elements;
the object-side surface of the third lens element comprises a concave portion in a vicinity of the optical axis;
the fifth lens element has positive refracting power, and the object-side surface of the fifth lens element comprises a concave portion in a vicinity of the optical axis;
the object-side surface of the sixth lens element comprises a convex portion in a vicinity of the optical axis;
the object-side surface of the seventh lens element comprises a concave portion in a vicinity of the optical axis; and
the image-side surface of the seventh lens element comprises a concave portion in a vicinity of the optical axis.

US Pat. No. 10,459,195

IMAGING LENS AND IMAGING APPARATUS

NANCHANG O-FILM OPTICAL-E...

1. An imaging lens consisting of, in order from an object side:a first lens having negative refractive power;
a second lens having negative refractive power;
a third lens having positive refractive power;
a fourth lens having positive refractive power;
a fifth lens; and
a sixth lens,
wherein the fifth lens has positive refractive power and the sixth lens has negative refractive power, and
the following conditional expressions (1) and (2) are satisfied;
?0.37 1.8 where
f?: a focal length of an entire system
f1: a focal length of the first lens
t3: a central thickness of the third lens.

US Pat. No. 10,459,194

FOUR-PIECE INFRARED SINGLE WAVELENGTH PROJECTION LENS SYSTEM

NEWMAX TECHNOLOGY CO., LT...

1. A four-piece infrared single wavelength projection lens system, in order from an image side to an image source side, comprising:a stop;
a first lens element with a positive refractive power, having an image-side surface being convex near an optical axis, at least one of the image-side surface and an image source-side surface of the first lens element being aspheric, the first lens element being made of glass;
a second lens element with a refractive power, having an image-side surface being convex near the optical axis and an image source-side surface being concave near the optical axis, at least one of the image-side surface and the image source-side surface of the second lens element being aspheric;
a third lens element with a negative refractive power, having an image-side surface being concave near the optical axis and an image source-side surface being concave near the optical axis, at least one of the image-side surface and the image source-side surface of the third lens element being aspheric; and
a fourth lens element with a positive refractive power, having an image-side surface being concave near the optical axis and an image source-side surface being convex near the optical axis, at least one of the image-side surface and the image source-side surface of the fourth lens element being aspheric;
wherein a focal length of the first lens element is f1, a focal length of the third lens element is f3, and they satisfy the relation: ?4.9

US Pat. No. 10,459,193

REAL-TIME AUTOFOCUS FOCUSING ALGORITHM

LEICA BIOSYSTEMS IMAGING,...

1. A digital scanning apparatus comprising:a stage configured to support a sample;
an objective lens positioned for viewing a portion of the sample, the objective lens defining an optical path;
an imaging sensor optically coupled with the objective lens, wherein the imaging sensor comprises a plurality of imaging-sensor pixels configured to capture image data via the optical path, and wherein all of the plurality of imaging-sensor pixels are within a single first image plane that is orthogonal to the optical path;
a focusing sensor optically coupled with the objective lens, wherein the focusing sensor comprises a plurality of focusing-sensor pixels configured to capture image data via the optical path, wherein the focusing sensor is logically tilted with respect to the optical path such that each of the plurality of focusing-sensor pixels is on a different image plane than all of the other focusing-sensor pixels, and wherein a parfocal position on the focusing sensor is parfocal with the first image plane; and
a processor configured to automatically adjust a distance between the objective lens and the sample, during scanning of the sample, by
receiving image data from each of the plurality of imaging-sensor pixels, and determining a contrast value for the image data for each of a plurality of imaging-sensor positions on the imaging sensor,
receiving image data from each of the plurality of focusing-sensor pixels, and determining a contrast value for the image data for each of a plurality of focusing-sensor positions on the focusing sensor,
for each of a plurality of pairs of corresponding imaging-sensor and focusing-sensor positions, calculating a contrast-value ratio of the contrast value for the image data for the focusing-sensor position in the pair to the contrast value for the image data for the corresponding imaging-sensor position in the pair,
identifying a peak value of the calculated contrast-value ratios,
identifying a contrast-value ratio associated with the parfocal position on the focusing sensor as a parfocal value,
determining a distance and direction between the peak value and the parfocal value, and
adjusting a distance between the objective lens and the sample, during scanning of the sample, in accordance with the determined distance and direction between the peak value and the parfocal value.

US Pat. No. 10,459,192

DRIVING UNIT, OPTICAL UNIT, IMAGING APPARATUS, AND ENDOSCOPE

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A driving unit comprising:a tubular fixed part extending along a longitudinal axis, the longitudinal axis being positioned at a center of the fixed part,
a movable part located inside the fixed part, the movable part being movable along a longitudinal axis direction,
a front frame part attached to one end side of the fixed part, at least a portion of the front frame part being formed of a magnetic material, at least a portion of the front frame part being located on an inner circumference of the movable part, and
a voice coil motor capable of moving the movable part relatively with respect to the fixed part in the longitudinal axis direction, the voice coil motor including a coil wound around an outer circumference of the fixed part and a magnet located on an outer circumference of the movable part,
wherein the magnet in the movable part opposes the coil in a direction orthogonal to the longitudinal axis direction, the magnet and the magnetic material being offset in the longitudinal direction such that the magnet is biased by the magnetic material.

US Pat. No. 10,459,191

SPECTROMETER HAVING A VARIABLE FOCUS LENS WITH A SINGLE AIR GAP

1. A spectrometer, comprising:a collimating lens that receives light rays therethrough that enter the spectrometer;
a grating that is optically coupled to the collimating lens; and
a focus lens that is optically coupled to the grating, the focus lens having:
a first body that includes a first lens set;
a second body that includes a second lens set;
an air gap defined between the first lens set and the second lens set, the first and second bodies being moveable relative to each other to adjust a size of the air gap in order to modify a size of a spectral image in a first dimension according to a first rate and in a second dimension according to a second rate, the first rate being different than the second rate; and
a fastener that mechanically engages the first body and the second body to prevent relative motion therebetween, the fastener being mechanically disengaged to permit relative motion between the first body and the second body.

US Pat. No. 10,459,190

IMAGING APPARATUS, IMAGING METHOD, AND COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM

Olympus Corporation, Tok...

1. An imaging apparatus comprising:an image sensor configured to successively image a subject and sequentially generate image data;
a control circuit configured to clip a predetermined area that is set in advance from each of images corresponding to the image data sequentially generated by the image sensor,
analyze the predetermined areas sequentially clipped and generate an analysis result indicating an identified subject,
determine an AF target in the images based on the analysis result generated, and
select and determine an optimal AF mode from among a plurality of AF modes set in advance, based on the analysis result generated and a determination result of determination performed; and
a touch panel configured to detect a touch position of an external object and output a coordinate signal indicating the touch position, wherein the control circuit is further configured to
output an operation signal that is obtained by converting the coordinate signal output by the touch panel to a relative coordinate with an origin at the predetermined area, and
repeat, every time the touch panel outputs the coordinate signal in accordance with a change in the touch position, control of moving a position of the predetermined area to be clipped from the images by the image clipping unit based on the operation signal output, and thereafter, analyze the predetermined area of a latest image corresponding to latest image data generated by the image sensor, to determine the AF target, and to select and determine the optimal AF mode.

US Pat. No. 10,459,189

LENS BARREL, LENS-BARREL WAFER, AND ASSOCIATED METHOD

OmniVision Technologies, ...

1. A lens barrel comprising:an annular lower layer defining a lower aperture therethrough;
an annular upper layer defining an upper aperture therethrough having an upper width;
an annular middle layer, bonded between the lower layer and the upper layer, and defining a middle aperture having a middle width that is less than the upper width to form a ledge, the lower aperture, the middle aperture, and the upper aperture collectively forming at least part of a barrel aperture through the lower, middle, and upper layers;
a lens positioned on the ledge in the upper aperture;
a cap layer including a bottom surface, a first region thereof attached to a top surface of the annular upper layer, and a second region thereof extending over the upper aperture directly above the ledge; and
a securing layer spanning a region between the cap layer and a top surface of the lens, the cap layer and the securing layer cooperating to secure the lens within the upper aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,459,188

ELECTRONIC COMPONENT AND IMAGING DEVICE

IRISO ELECTRONICS CO., LT...

1. An electronic component comprising:a housing that accommodates an imaging component;
the housing including an external device connection that conductively connects the imaging component and an external device to each other; and
wherein the external device connection includes
an internal conductor that becomes conductively connected to the external device, and
an external conductor that is formed in a tubular shape and accommodates the internal conductor,
wherein a screw portion is provided on an outer peripheral surface of the external conductor,
wherein a screw hole is provided in the housing, the screw hole holding the external device connection in the housing by having the screw portion screwed to the screw hole, and
wherein a sealing portion, formed by filling a seal material, is provided on an internal surface of the housing so as to contact and seal the external device connection for waterproofing.

US Pat. No. 10,459,187

OPTICAL ASSEMBLY INCLUDING PASSIVE OPTICAL ELEMENTS HAVING ALIGNMENT FEATURES

AMS SENSORS SINGAPORE PTE...

1. An optical assembly comprising:a stack of optical elements, wherein a first one of the optical elements has a first alignment feature tracing a curve along a surface of the first optical element, and a second one of the optical elements has a second alignment feature tracing a curve along a surface of the second optical element, wherein the first alignment feature fits within the second alignment feature, and
wherein each of the first optical element and the second optical element has a shape that includes a respective first pair of flat side edges opposite one another and a respective second pair of rounded side edges opposite one another;
the optical assembly further including a housing laterally surrounding the stack of optical elements, wherein the housing has an inner surface shaped to match the shape of the optical elements.

US Pat. No. 10,459,186

OPTICAL FIBER CABLE INSTALLATION IN A PRESSURE SEWERAGE

Jelcer-IP B.V., Dedemsva...

1. Method for arranging a cable in a pipe of a medium conduit suitable for transport of a medium using pressure, the method comprising the steps of:inserting a segment into a pipe, said segment being arranged at a first longitudinal position between a first and a second point, said segment being provided with a first and a second cable passage to an outside, and with means for closing off the first and second cable passage;
supplying liquid and/or applying pressure in at least a part of the medium conduit extending from the first point;
drawing the cable through the pipe of the medium conduit from the first point downstream to the second point, wherein the cable is carried along by the liquid and/or the pressure in the medium conduit, wherein an outer end of the cable is taken out of the medium conduit at the second point;
opening the segment;
taking a piece of the cable out at the first longitudinal position while forming a loop, and subsequently closing the segment,
wherein the cable is passed through the cable passage, and
rotating the segment to a protected position in which the cable passage and the cable carried outside are protected from damage by excavation work by means of the pipe or a shell arranged in a longitudinal opening between a first and a second pipe part of the pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,459,185

FIBER OPTIC CABLE BUFFER TUBE MID-SPAN ACCESS TOOL

RIPLEY TOOLS, LLC, Cleve...

1. A tool for removing insulation in mid-span of a cable carrying a signal-transmitting conduit comprising:a lower body section and an upper body section movable toward and away from the lower body section;
a curved mandrel disposed on the lower body section, the curved mandrel having a central peak portion and adjacent portions curving downward away from the peak portion, to present a mid-span portion of the cable insulation on a side away from the mandrel peak portion;
a blade disposed on the upper body section, the blade movable toward and away from the curved mandrel;
wherein the cable is securable in the curved mandrel in a curved position, allowing the blade to shave the cable insulation allowing access to the signal-transmitting conduit.

US Pat. No. 10,459,184

HIGH DENSITY AND BANDWIDTH FIBER OPTIC APPARATUSES AND RELATED EQUIPMENT AND METHODS

Corning Optical Communica...

1. A fiber optic apparatus, comprising:a chassis configured to be disposed in an equipment rack, the chassis comprising front and rear ends that are spaced apart from one another in a longitudinal direction, and comprising opposite first and second ends that are spaced apart from one another in a lateral direction that extends crosswise to the longitudinal direction;
a plurality of fiber optic equipment trays supported by the chassis and extendable relative to the chassis in the longitudinal direction; and
a plurality of fiber optic modules configured to be installed in the plurality of fiber optic equipment trays, wherein each fiber optic module of the plurality of fiber optic modules comprises a front side configured to support a plurality of first fiber optic components, a rear side configured to support at least one second fiber optic component, an internal chamber, and a plurality of optical fibers disposed within the internal chamber and arranged to establish optical connections between the at least one second fiber optic component and the plurality of first fiber optic components;
wherein each fiber optic equipment tray of the plurality of fiber optic equipment trays is configured to receive multiple fiber optic modules of the plurality of fiber optic modules;
wherein:
each fiber optic equipment tray is configured to slide in the longitudinal direction between a front position and a rear position;
the fiber optic apparatus is configured to permit at least one fiber optic module to be installed in the fiber optic equipment tray when the fiber optic equipment tray is in the front position; and
the fiber optic apparatus is configured to permit at least one fiber optic module to be installed in the fiber optic equipment tray when the fiber optic equipment tray is in the rear position;
wherein the plurality of fiber optic equipment trays and the plurality of fiber optic modules are configured to support a fiber optic connection density of at least ninety-eight (98) fiber optic connections per U space of the chassis, based on using a simplex fiber optic component or a duplex fiber optic component as each fiber optic component of the plurality of first fiber optic components; and
wherein a U space comprises a height of 1.75 inches and comprises a width of 19 inches or 23 inches.

US Pat. No. 10,459,183

OPTICAL WIRING UNIT

FUJIKURA LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. An optical wiring unit comprising:a plurality of drawers comprising optical adapters, wherein
the optical wiring unit is provided with a casing,
each of the drawers is moved relative to the casing and includes a first latch and a second latch,
when one of the drawers is not drawn out to a predetermined position, the first latch of the drawer does not latch onto the second latch of an adjacent drawer, and
when any of the drawers is drawn out to the predetermined position, the first latch of a drawn-out drawer moves toward the second latch of the adjacent drawer and latches onto the second latch of the adjacent drawer to lock the drawn-out drawer to the predetermined position.

US Pat. No. 10,459,182

CABLE MANAGEMENT PANEL WITH SLIDING DRAWER

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. A cable management panel comprising:a chassis;
a drawer slidably mounted within the chassis, the drawer slidable between a first position with the drawer fully inserted within the chassis and a second position with the drawer extended from the interior of the chassis;
first and second access locations provided at first and second opposite sides, respectively, of the drawer for allowing entry of optical fiber cable into the drawer; and
a cable take-up mechanism provided adjacent each of the first and second sides of the drawer, each cable take-up mechanism including a radius limiter slidably mounted relative to the drawer and movable from a first position relative to the chassis toward a second position relative to the chassis which is forward of the first position as the drawer is moved from the first position to the second position, wherein each radius limiter includes a curved vertical surface that limits the bend radius of a cable entering the drawer, each radius limiter further including a pivotally mounted cable retention tab for retaining a cable against the curved vertical surface and for accessing a cable entering the drawer when the cable retention tab is pivoted upward, wherein each access location is defined at least partially by the curved vertical surface of the radius limiter, wherein movement of the drawer is synchronized at all times with the movement of each cable take-up mechanism relative to the chassis such that the drawer and the cable take-up mechanisms are configured to move simultaneously in the same direction relative to the chassis, wherein the cable take-up mechanisms are configured to move with respect to the drawer in a direction that is parallel to the movement of the drawer relative to the chassis.

US Pat. No. 10,459,181

SPLITTER MODULE AND ENCLOSURE FOR USE THEREIN

COMMSCOPE CONNECTIVITY BE...

1. An enclosure arrangement comprising:a base including a splice region;
a cover coupled to the base to move between a closed position and an open position, the cover and the base cooperating to define an interior when the cover is in the closed position, the cover providing access to the interior when in the open position, the cover defining a contoured surface and a mounting surface;
a plurality of ruggedized adapters disposed on the mounting surface, each ruggedized adapter having a first port accessible from an inner side of the cover and a second port accessible from an outer side of the cover; and
a splitter module mounted at the inner side of the cover, the splitter module including an optical splitter disposed in a splitter housing, the splitter housing being contoured to fit against the contoured surface of the cover.

US Pat. No. 10,459,180

OPTICAL MODULE

HISENSE BROADBAND MULTIME...

1. An optical module, comprising: a housing, a circuit board, and a light conducting structure;the circuit board is provided with a light source, and the light conducting structure is configured to conduct light emitted by the light source to an outside of the housing;
wherein a bottom of the housing is provided with a guiding groove, an optical fiber adapter is laid above a part of the light conducting structure, and the part of the light conducting structure is located between the bottom of the housing and the optical fiber adapter via the guiding groove.

US Pat. No. 10,459,179

OPTICAL TRANSCEIVER AND OPTICAL LENS THEREOF

Prime World International...

1. An optical transceiver, comprising:a substrate;
a transceiver module disposed on an outer surface of the substrate; and
an optical lens disposed on the outer surface for guiding light to the transceiver module, and the optical lens having a contact surface facing the outer surface and arranging a hole with an opening of the hole connecting to the contact surface, wherein the optical lens includes a covering portion that defines a groove, the groove to accommodate a ferrule to couple an associated optical fiber to the transceiver module;
wherein an adhesive fully or partially fills in the hole allowing for the contact surface of the optical lens to be adhered to the outer surface of the substrate by the adhesive.

US Pat. No. 10,459,178

OPTICAL RECEPTACLE, OPTICAL MODULE, AND MEASUREMENT METHOD

Enplas Corporation, Sait...

1. An optical receptacle configured to be disposed between a photoelectric conversion element and an optical transmission member, and to optically couple the photoelectric conversion element and an end surface of the optical transmission member, the optical receptacle comprising:a first optical surface configured to allow incidence of light emitted from the photoelectric conversion element, or to emit, toward the photoelectric conversion element, light emitted from the end surface of the optical transmission member and passing through inside of the optical receptacle;
a second optical surface configured to emit, toward the end surface of the optical transmission member, light incident on the first optical surface that passes through the inside of the optical receptacle, or to allow incidence of light emitted from the end surface of the optical transmission member;
a first recess in which the second optical surface is disposed in a part as an inner side surface of the first recess;
a second recess opening in a direction identical to a direction in which the first recess opens;
a slope surface that is another inner side surface of the first recess, the slope surface being disposed opposite to the second optical surface in the first recess, the slope surface being tilted with respect to the second optical surface such that a distance of the slope surface from the second optical surface increases toward an opening of the first recess;
an insertion hole having a linear shape and including a first opening and a second opening disposed at respective ends of the insertion hole, wherein the first opening opens at the slope surface of the first recess, the second opening opens at an inner side surface of the second recess, and the insertion hole is configured for insertion of the optical transmission member from the second recess side;
a through hole formed opposite to the second opening on a central axis of the insertion hole and communicating between the second recess and outside of the optical receptacle; and
a reference part disposed on a surface of the optical receptacle on a side on which the first recess and the second recess open, the reference part being disposed such that the reference art does not cover the first recess and the second recess.

US Pat. No. 10,459,177

OPTICAL ALIGNMENT DEVICE AND OPTICAL ALIGNMENT METHOD

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An optical alignment device comprising:an element fixing case having a mounting space formed thereinside and an element insertion hole communicating with the mounting space formed at an upper side thereof into which an optical element or an optical waveguide element is inserted; and
a light source obliquely mounted in the mounting space of the element fixing case, and configured to emit light toward a lower side of the optical element or the optical waveguide element,
wherein the optical alignment device checks a position of a core of the optical element or the optical waveguide element by the emitted light.