US Pat. No. 10,459,708

COMPOSING A MODULE SYSTEM AND A NON-MODULE SYSTEM

Oracle International Corp...

1. A non-transitory computer readable medium comprising instructions which, when executed by one or more hardware processors, cause performance of operations comprising:identifying a code base comprising:
one or more sets of non-module code that are not associated with any module descriptors;
a first module corresponding to:
a first module descriptor that includes a first set of one or more explicit declarations indicating at least a dependency on the one or more sets of non-module code;
a first set of executable code;
a second module corresponding to:
a second module descriptor that includes a second set of one or more explicit declarations indicating at least a dependency on the first module, wherein the second module descriptor is restricted from including any explicit declaration indicating any dependency on the one or more sets of non-module code;
a second set of executable code;
executing the first set of executable code and the second set of executable code;
wherein executing the first set of executable code comprises executing at least a first line of code of the first set of executable code that accesses at least a second line of code of the one or more sets of non-module code;
wherein the first module descriptor provides a basis for the first module to access the one or more sets of non-module code; and
wherein the second module descriptor does not provide a basis for the second module to access the one or more sets of non-module code.

US Pat. No. 10,459,701

INTELLIGENT SOFTWARE COMPILER DEPENDENCY FULFILLMENT

Bank of America Corporati...

1. A method for compiling an application, the method comprising:retrieving from a centralized server:
an application source code associated with the application, the application source code referencing:
a plurality of internal dependencies stored in a cloud, the cloud in synchronization with the centralized server; and
a plurality of external dependencies for compiling the application;
an application metadata file including metadata associated with each of the pluralities of external dependencies; and
performing a plurality of machine learning steps using a machine learning tool, the plurality of steps comprising:
identifying the external dependencies referenced in the application;
instructing a web-crawler, the web-crawler being a component of the machine learning tool, to:
locate a plurality of comparable external dependencies for each of the identified referenced external dependencies, the comparable external dependencies provided by external frameworks on the internet; and
retrieve an external dependent metadata file for each of the plurality of located comparable external dependencies, the external dependent metadata file including metadata associated with the comparable external dependencies;
comparing the metadata of each comparable external dependent metadata file to the metadata of the application metadata file;
assigning, based on the comparison, a confidence level for each comparable external dependency, the confidence level being relative to a pre-determined confidence level, the assigning further comprising, assigning a greater confidence level to one of the located comparable external dependencies having a shorter download time relative to the other located comparable external dependencies;
downloading the located comparable external dependencies for each referenced external dependency having a confidence level greater than the pre-determined confidence level; and
combining and compiling the application source code with the internal dependencies and the downloaded external dependencies.

US Pat. No. 10,459,698

FRAMEWORK FOR GENERATING ADAPTERS IN AN INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT ENVIRONMENT

SAP SE, Walldorf (DE)

1. A computer system including a framework, comprising: a processor; andone or more memory devices communicatively coupled with the processor and storing instructions executable by the processor to:
execute one or more applications;
process one or more definitions received via a user input from an adapter user interface component, the one or more definitions including at least one dependency from a plurality of dependencies between one or more components;
generate one or more adapter configuration files associated with one or more adapters at an adapter configuration component, the one or more adapter configuration files including information associated with the plurality of dependencies;
based on the one or more definitions, resolve, at runtime of the one or more applications, the at least one dependency from the plurality of dependencies at a dependency analyzer component; and
in response to resolution of the at least one dependency, generate the one or more adapters at the framework, wherein the one or more adapters comprise an adapter application package interface (API), the adapter API comprising information relating to third-party dependencies capable of being resolved and compiled by the one or more adapters at runtime.

US Pat. No. 10,459,692

RANDOM NUMBER GENERATOR

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A random number generator comprising:a first circuit which outputs a second oscillation signal having a predetermined duty ratio on the basis of a first oscillation signal;
a second circuit which latches values on the basis of the second oscillation signal and a clock having a frequency lower than a frequency of the second oscillation signal;
a third circuit which outputs a control signal on the basis of the values; and
a fourth circuit which controls the first circuit on the basis of the control signal so as to increase the predetermined duty ratio when the predetermined duty ratio is less than 50% and to decrease the predetermined duty ratio when the predetermined duty ratio is greater than 50%,
wherein the first circuit includes a first sub-circuit functioning as an inverter circuit and a second sub-circuit functioning as an inverter circuit,
the first sub-circuit includes a first P-channel FET circuit portion including at least one P-channel FET and a first N-channel FET circuit portion including at least one N-channel FET and connected in series to the first P-channel FET circuit portion, a driving force of the first P-channel FET circuit portion being greater than that of the first N-channel FET circuit portion,
the second sub-circuit includes a second P-channel FET circuit portion including at least one P-channel FET and a second N-channel FET circuit portion including at least one N-channel FET and connected in series to the second P-channel FET circuit portion, a driving force of the second N-channel FET circuit portion being greater than that of the second P-channel FET circuit portion, and
the predetermined duty ratio is increased by selecting one of the first and second sub-circuits, and the predetermined duty ratio is decreased by selecting the other one of the first and second sub-circuits.

US Pat. No. 10,459,691

RANDOMIZATION OF DATA USING A PLURALITY OF TYPES OF PSEUDORANDOM NUMBER GENERATORS

Toshiba Memory Corporatio...

1. A randomizer comprising:a first pseudorandom number generator configured to generate a first pseudorandom sequence;
a second pseudorandom number generator configured to generate a second pseudorandom sequence, a seed of the second pseudorandom number generator being generated by the first pseudorandom number generator;
a first logic circuit configured to output a pseudorandom sequence by carrying out an operation on the first pseudorandom sequence and the second pseudorandom sequence; and
a second logic circuit configured to randomize a data string input to the randomizer on the basis of the pseudorandom sequence output by the first logic circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,459,689

CALCULATION OF A NUMBER OF ITERATIONS

International Business Ma...

1. A computer system comprising:a memory; and
a data processing unit in communications with the memory, the data processing unit comprising:
a first set of multiplexers;
a second set of multiplexers;
a third set of multiplexers; and
OR gates controlling the first set of multiplexers, wherein the computer system is configured to perform an arithmetic operation in the data processing unit, wherein the arithmetic operation is optimized concerning execution performance and hardware resource consumption in the computer system, the arithmetic operation comprising:
calculating, by the data processing unit, a number of iterations for performing the arithmetic operation with a given number of bits per iteration, wherein the given number of bits per iteration is a positive natural number, comprising:
counting a number of consecutive digit positions of a digit in a sequence of bits represented in the data processing unit, wherein the length of the sequence is a multiple of a number of bits per iteration; and
dividing, by the data processing unit, the sequence of bits into groups, each group comprising bits and having a length of the number of the bits per iteration;
for each group,
calculating a group remainder as input for a tree of the first set of multiplexers controlled by the OR gates, comprising a remainder of a group by determining a first non-digit position; and
calculating a non-digit bit by determining if any of the bits of a group is not equal to the digit;
concatenating, by the data processing unit, the non-digit bit from each group, in the order of the respective groups, to generate concatenated non-digit bits to feed the tree of the first set of multiplexers controlled by the OR gates, wherein the concatenated non-digit bits are utilized as control input via a network of the OR gates for the first set of multiplexers;
calculating, by the tree of the first set of multiplexers, a quotient of the number of consecutive digit positions in the sequence of bits and the number of bits per iteration by counting consecutive digits for the concatenated non-digit bits, wherein the calculating comprises inputting the quotient and the number into the second set of multiplexers;
identifying, by the second set of multiplexers, from the groups, a trailing group with a trailing non-digit bit, wherein the non-digit bit of the trailing group comprises the trailing non-digit bit, the identifying the trailing group based on a trailing position of the digit in the sequence of bits being used;
determining, by the second set of multiplexers, the group remainder of the trailing group; and
based on determining the group remainder of the trailing group, determining, by the third set of multiplexers, a remainder for the quotient.

US Pat. No. 10,459,686

AUDIO STREAM MIXING SYSTEM AND METHOD

Nuance Communications, In...

1. A method of mixing a second audio stream with a first audio stream in an audio output device, the method comprising:buffering the first audio stream;
determining an insertion spot within the first audio stream;
outputting the buffered first audio stream, including modifying output of at least a portion of the first audio stream to accommodate output of the second audio stream at the insertion spot to minimize or avoid content degradation or loss of the first audio stream, wherein modifying the first audio stream at the insertion spot includes one of (i) modifying a time-frequency structure of the first audio stream, or (ii) warping the first audio stream at or near the insertion spot;
outputting the second audio stream at the insertion spot; and
continuing output of the buffered first audio stream after completion of the second audio stream.

US Pat. No. 10,459,685

METHODS AND SYSTEM FOR CUE DETECTION FROM AUDIO INPUT, LOW-POWER DATA PROCESSING AND RELATED ARRANGEMENTS

Digimarc Corporation, Be...

1. A method, comprising:in an electronic device comprising first and second processors, obtaining audio input corresponding to sound propagating within an aural environment surrounding the electronic device;
at a first processor, processing the audio input to discern a characteristic of the audio input, the processing comprising processing audio input samples of the audio input to determine a relative-entropy of the audio input, and estimating the presence of audio activity based on the determined relative-entropy of the audio input;
generating an output based upon the processing of the audio input to discern the characteristic; and
causing the second processor to enter into a higher power state based on the generated output.

US Pat. No. 10,459,684

CALIBRATION OF A PLAYBACK DEVICE BASED ON AN ESTIMATED FREQUENCY RESPONSE

Sonos, Inc., Santa Barba...

1. A method comprising:receiving, via a wide area network (WAN), a first stream of audio comprising source audio content to be played back by an audio playback device located in a given room;
receiving a second stream of audio comprising a recording of an audio signal output by the audio playback device in the given room based on the audio playback device playing the source audio content, wherein the second stream of audio is recorded via one or more microphones on the audio playback device;
determining a transfer function between a frequency-domain representation of a frequency response of the first stream of audio and a frequency-domain representation of a frequency response of the second stream of audio;
calculating an estimated frequency response of the audio playback device in the given room based on (i) the transfer function and (ii) a self-response of the audio playback device in an anechoic chamber, wherein the self-response of the audio playback device in the anechoic chamber is stored in a memory of the audio playback device; and
adjusting an acoustic response of the audio playback device based on the estimated frequency response of the audio playback device in the given room.

US Pat. No. 10,459,682

ELECTRONIC PRICE LABEL AND A BATTERY UNIT FOR AN ELECTRONIC PRICE LABEL

MARIELLA LABELS OY, Vant...

1. An electronic price label, comprising:a frame part of the electronic price label;
a separate, external, replaceable battery unit, which comprises a battery; and
a first fastener, which is adapted to detachably fasten the battery unit to the frame part of the electronic price label or into connection with said frame part,
wherein the first fastener comprises a stud or spike for fastening the electronic price label to a product, and
wherein the first fastener, the frame part of the electronic price label and/or the battery unit are arranged so that the first fastener can be turned into a first position in a direction of the frame part and into a second position at a right angle to the frame part.

US Pat. No. 10,459,680

DISPLAY DEVICE SUPPORT METHOD, DISPLAY DEVICE SUPPORT SYSTEM, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A timepiece support method implemented by a central processing unit (CPU), the method comprising:causing an electronic device to acquire information of an object displayed on a timepiece to be attached to a user, the electronic device including a display device, and the timepiece having an operation button; and
displaying: (i) an image of the timepiece including the object, and text data of a written explanation of the object; and (ii) an image of the operation button, and a function of the operation button, on the display device of the electronic device, using the information of the object that is acquired by the electronic device and supplementary information including the text data of the written explanation of the object, wherein
the operation button of the timepiece receives input from the user in order to perform the function of the operation button,
when the operation button of the timepiece is operated, the image of the timepiece on the display device is updated,
when the operation button of the timepiece is not operated, a determination is made as to whether a predetermined operation has been performed via the image of the operation button displayed on the display device of the electronic device, and
when the determination indicates that the predetermined operation has been performed, the object on the timepiece is updated.

US Pat. No. 10,459,678

SYSTEM FOR TRACKING AND GRAPHICALLY DISPLAYING LOGISTICAL, BALLISTIC, AND REAL TIME DATA OF PROJECTILE WEAPONRY AND PERTINENT ASSETS

1. A display system, comprising:a display device, comprising:
a case configured to be attached to a weapon, the weapon capable of firing a projectile; and
a graphics display supported by and/or housed within the case, the graphics display, comprising:
a plurality of sensors, at least one of which being a GPS sensor, configured to obtain sensor data regarding a field of view for a user of the display device, identification of a user of another display device as a friendly, and identification of a target as a hostile;
a display processor configured to receive the sensor data and process the sensor data to generate information, the information comprising a point-of-impact of the projectile, a position of the display device, a position of the display device relative to another display device identified as a friendly, a position of a target identified as a hostile relative to the display device, and a position of a target identified as a hostile relative to another target identified as a hostile; and
a display screen configured to display a head-up-display comprising a map of the field of view and the information superimposed on the map.

US Pat. No. 10,459,671

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR REDUCING COMPONENT WEAR IN AN IMAGING DEVICE

LEXMARK INTERNATIONAL, IN...

1. A method for reducing component wear in an imaging device, comprising:by a raster image processor of the imaging device, receiving a print job;
determining whether one or more function features in the imaging device is disabled prior processing the print job;
adjusting a default printing performance of the imaging device upon a determination that the one or more function features in the imaging device is disabled;
generating a rasterized image for each page of the print job following the adjusting; and
sending each rasterized image to a print engine of the imaging device for printing, wherein the adjusting the printing performance of the imaging device reduces the component wear in the imaging device, wherein the adjusting the printing performance includes not sending a command instructing the print engine to transition to a printing state in response to receiving the print job and increasing a time to first print of the imaging device as a result of not sending the command.

US Pat. No. 10,459,669

PRINTER AND CONTROL METHOD OF A PRINTER

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

7. A method of controlling a printer to execute a verification process, comprising:receiving data including print data of one transaction from an external device;
acquiring the print data and a first error detection code calculated from the print data by the external device;
calculating a second error detection code from the acquired print data,
determining whether or not the first error detection code and the second error detection code match;
sending to the external device evaluation result data indicating whether or not the first error detection code and the second error detection code match;
printing based on the extracted print data when the first error detection code and the second error detection code match; and
discarding the received data when the first error detection code and the second error detection code do not match.

US Pat. No. 10,459,668

PRINT CONTROL DEVICE, PRINTING SYSTEM, AND PRINT CONTROL METHOD FOR GENERATING IMAGE PRINT COMMANDS FROM PRINT DATA IN MARKUP LANGUAGE

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A method of controlling a printer connectable to a POS terminal configured to receive, from a server, a web page through a web browser, the method comprising following steps executed by the printer:(a) receiving, based on HTTP, print data written in a markup language;
(b) obtaining, from the print data written in the markup language, image data and attributes that include a color mode and an image size;
(c) generating, based on the print data written in the markup language, an image print command according to the color mode, without a printer driver, when a data size of the image data equals a product of (i) the data size per pixel corresponding to the color mode and (ii) the image size, and
wherein the POS terminal generates the print data written in the markup language by executing a print control script embedded in the web page through the web browser.

US Pat. No. 10,459,667

NONVOLATILE MEMORY DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A nonvolatile memory device comprising:a nonvolatile memory cell array including memory cells, each storing N bits, N being an integer greater than or equal to 2;
a page buffer circuit electrically connected to the nonvolatile memory cell array, the page buffer circuit including at least N latches and a cache latch configured to temporarily store data;
a data input/output circuit connected to the page buffer circuit and configured to receive input data to be programmed, which includes first to N-th page data, and to provide the input data to the cache latch of the page buffer circuit; and
a control logic configured to control the page buffer circuit to:
initialize a target latch, among the N latches, based on a first target latch command and first address information pertaining to the first page data that are received by the control logic,
receive the first page data in the cache latch,
transfer the first page data from the cache latch to the target latch while the control logic receives a second target latch command and second address information pertaining to second page data,
complete transferring the first page data to the target latch before the control logic completely receives the second address information, and
program the first page data from the target latch to the nonvolatile memory cell array.

US Pat. No. 10,459,666

USING STORAGE MANAGERS IN RESPECTIVE DATA STORAGE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS FOR LICENSE DISTRIBUTION, COMPLIANCE, AND UPDATES

Commvault Systems, Inc., ...

1. A method for implementing aggregate licensing across a plurality of data storage management systems, the method comprising:receiving a license for a storage management parameter, wherein the license provides a quota for the storage management parameter that applies to a collective plurality of data storage management systems each managed by a respective storage manager,
wherein the license is received by a first storage manager in the plurality of data storage management systems;
aggregating by the first storage manager, measures of usage of the storage management parameter across the plurality of data storage management systems into an aggregated measure of usage of the storage management parameter;
transmitting, by the first storage manager to each of other storage managers in the plurality of data storage management systems, the quota and the aggregated measure of usage of the storage management parameter; and
when a given storage manager in the plurality of data storage management systems determines that the quota for the storage management parameter is exceeded by the aggregated measure of usage across the plurality of data storage management systems,
disabling, in the respective data storage management system managed by the given storage manager, storage management operations associated with the storage management parameter until a later aggregated measure of usage across the plurality of data storage management systems is below one of: the quota for the storage management parameter and an updated quota for the storage management parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,459,664

VIRTUALIZED COPY-BY-REFERENCE

Pure Storage, Inc., Moun...

1. A method for a virtualized copy-by-reference, the method comprising:receiving, from a first computer system, a request for reference information for source data within a source volume;
responsive to the request for the reference information for the source data, copying a metadata representation of the source data from the source volume to an intermediary volume;
providing, to the first computer system, the reference information, wherein the reference information indicates a storage location within the intermediary volume for the metadata representation of the source data;
receiving, from a second computer system, a request to write the source data to a target volume, and wherein the request to write the source data indicates the reference information; and
copying, using the reference information, the metadata representation of the source data from the intermediary volume to the target volume.

US Pat. No. 10,459,663

THIN PROVISIONING OF RAID STORAGE

International Business Ma...

1. A storage system comprising:a distributed collection of drives, each drive including a set of logical blocks, each logical block being assignable to a segment with an associated volume and being configurable to RAID characteristics associated with that volume;
a first group of logical blocks assigned to a first segment with an associated first volume and wherein the first group of logical blocks are configured to a first RAID characteristic associated with the first volume;
a second group of logical blocks assigned to a second segment with an associated second volume and wherein the second group of logical blocks are configured to a second RAID characteristic associated with the second volume; and
a third group of logical blocks,
wherein:
each logical block of the third group of logical blocks is assignable to one of the first segment and the second segment,
the first RAID characteristic and the second RAID characteristic are different RAID characteristics,
each logical block of the third group of logical blocks that is assigned to the first segment is configured to the first RAID characteristic, and
each logical block of the third group of logical blocks that is assigned to the second segment is configured to the second RAID characteristic.

US Pat. No. 10,459,660

MEMORY SYSTEMS, MODULES, AND METHODS FOR IMPROVED CAPACITY

Rambus Inc., Sunnyvale, ...

1. A memory system comprising:a controller component to issue memory commands and communicate data via a controller interface; and
memory modules, including a first memory module and a second memory module, each memory module having:
a module data interface connected to the controller interface via passive point-to-point data connections that extend from the module data interface to the controller interface, the passive point-to-point data connections to communicate a subset of the data;
at least one delay-configurable data buffer coupled to the module data interface to communicate the subset of the data;
memory devices coupled to the at least one delay-configurable data buffer to store and convey the subset of the data;
a command input port connected to the controller interface via a command connection separate from the passive point-to-point data connections, the command input port to receive the memory commands from the controller component;
a command output port;
a command relay circuit coupled between the command input port and the command output port, the command relay circuit to relay the memory commands received from the controller component away from the memory module on the command output port; and
command logic coupled to the command input port to receive the memory commands from the controller component, the command logic to issue device commands to the memory devices responsive to the memory commands.

US Pat. No. 10,459,659

TECHNOLOGIES FOR ISSUING COMMANDS ON SELECTED MEMORY DEVICES

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprising:a data storage controller to:
select a subgroup of a plurality of memory devices in a rank without modifying an identifier of each memory device, wherein the plurality of the memory devices are non-volatile, write in place, byte or block addressable memory devices arranged in one or more ranks, the memory devices in each rank are connected to a same communication channel, the subgroup is more than one and less than all of the memory devices in the rank, and selecting the subgroup includes modifying a value of at least one of two mode register mask bits included in each of the memory devices, and
issue a command to operate on data of the selected subgroup.

US Pat. No. 10,459,650

DATA OPERATION METHOD AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a volatile memory;
a nonvolatile storage;
a main battery for supplying main power to the electronic device;
a supplementary battery; and
a data processor in communication with the battery, the memory and the storage,
wherein the data processor is configured to:
when a request of a file is received by the data processor, determine whether the requested file is a first type to be processed in a synchronous write mode or a second type to be processed in an asynchronous write mode;
based on the requested file being the first type, operate a first journaling file system (JFS) which is configured in connection with a RAMDisk based on a fixed address area reserved for the memory used as the RAMDisk;
based on the requested file being the second type, operate a second JFS which is configured in connection with the storage; and
supply power to the memory using the supplementary battery for maintaining a data write state of the memory when supply of the main power by the main battery is interrupted.

US Pat. No. 10,459,648

CHANGE RATE ESTIMATION

EMC IP Holding Company LL...

1. A computer-implemented method for determining storage requirements for storing a subset of files in a storage system with deduplication, the method comprising:at a first point in time accumulating individual file measurements for each file in a subset of files into an initial measurement for the subset of files, the initial measurement representing an approximate number of unique segments belonging to the subset of files at the first point in time, the approximate number of unique segments represented in the initial measurement being different from an exact number of unique segments belonging to the subset of files at the first point in time;
at a second point in time accumulating individual file measurements for each file in the subset of files into a final measurement for the subset of files, the final measurement representing an approximate number of unique segments belonging to the subset of files at the second point in time, the approximate number of unique segments represented in the final measurement being different from an exact number of unique segments belonging to the subset of files at the second point in time;
computing a changed segment estimate based on a comparison of the approximate numbers of unique segments represented in the initial and final measurements;
determining a rate of change in an amount of storage required to store the subset of files in the storage system between the first and second points in time based on the amount of storage required to store a quantity of unique segments represented by the changed segment estimate; and
wherein the amount of storage required to store a quantity of unique segments represented by the changed segment estimate is computed based on an average size of unique segments stored in the storage system.

US Pat. No. 10,459,647

MULTIPLE STORAGE CLASS REPRESENTATION IN VERSIONED STORAGE

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:assigning a version key to a data object stored using a first data storage class, the version key being an identifier that identifies a version of the data object in a plurality of data storage classes; and
as a result of performing a version-changing operation on the data object, the version-changing operation including at least one of: updating the data object, moving the data object from the first data storage class to a second data storage class, copying the data object from the first data storage class to the second data storage class, or deleting the data object, at least:
updating a version identifier of the data object;
updating version metadata associated with the data object, the version metadata stored as a directed acyclic graph and associated with the data object and the version key, the version metadata at least including a history of version-changing operations performed on the data object;
determining, based at least in part on the first data storage class, a subset of the version metadata; and
providing the subset of the version metadata to a data storage service of the first data storage class, the subset associated with the data object based at least in part on the version key.

US Pat. No. 10,459,645

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A non-transitory computer-readable recording medium storing a program that causes an information processing apparatus which includes a plurality of memory areas and executes a first process and a plurality of rebooting processes for rebooting the information processing apparatus during the first process to execute each time one of the plurality of rebooting processes is executed:referencing an indicator indicating whether time reduction executed by the information processing apparatus is enabled;
initializing, when the indicator indicates that the time reduction is enabled, a first memory area of the plurality of memory areas as a memory area used for executing the first process;
updating, when the indicator indicates that the time reduction is enabled, first information stored in a memory area, the first information indicating whether each memory area of the plurality of memory areas has been initialized;
executing, when the indicator indicates that the time reduction is enabled, the first process by using the memory area initialized as the memory area used for executing the first process,
the initializing references the first information and selects, according to the first information, as the first memory area a memory area which has not been initialized,
the information processing apparatus further executes a second process after the first process is completed, and
the program causes the information processing apparatus to further execute:
selecting according to the first information a second memory area used for executing the second process which has not been initialized;
initializing the second memory area selected by the selecting; and
executing the second process by using the second memory area selected by the selecting and initialized by the initializing.

US Pat. No. 10,459,642

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DATA REPLICATION

EMC IP Holding Company LL...

1. A method for data replication, comprising:obtaining, in a network interface card, data segments by segmenting input first data;
determining, in the network interface card, fingerprints corresponding to the data segments; and
comparing, in a central processing unit, the fingerprints of the data segments with existing fingerprints corresponding to processed data segments, and determining, based on a result of the comparing, whether to de-duplicate the data segments corresponding to the fingerprints, to perform the data replication;
wherein the network interface card and the CPU reside within a data replication hardware appliance operating as replication destination equipment;
wherein the data segments are received from replication source equipment that is separated from the replication destination equipment by a network; and
wherein the method further comprises:
prior to obtaining the data segments, establishing a replication session between the replication source equipment and the data replication hardware appliance, the replication session routinely replicating data from the replication source equipment to the data replication hardware appliance through the network.

US Pat. No. 10,459,641

EFFICIENT SERIALIZATION OF JOURNAL DATA

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method for efficient serialization of journal data using a processor device in a computing environment, the method comprising:combining serialization with journaling of data into one data storage system on a write operation with subsequent consolidation for serialization of the journal data;
wherein during performing the serialization of the journal data, write operations are delayed for a predetermined time period to allow a consistent memory snapshot to be taken, the predetermined time period ending upon completion of the taking of the consistent memory snapshot at which time the write operations are resumed;
for serialization of the journal data, performing:
reviewing an in-memory data structure,
creating a data stream and persistently storing the data stream on a disk, and
discarding all previous records saved to the disk created from the journaling after saving the data stream; and
when loading an object from the disk, detecting when the object previously saved to the disk is in each of a plurality of states and adjusting the loading of the object from the disk commensurate with at least one of two types of metadata comprising journal metadata and serialized metadata, the at least one of two types of metadata corresponding to the particular one of the plurality of states the object is in, wherein the plurality of states include:
a first state representing data saved to the disk as records via the journaling before a first serialization of the journal data,
a second state representing all data saved to the disk as the data stream immediately after the serialization of the journal data, wherein there are no records saved to the disk in the second state following the serialization of the journal data, and
a third state with the data saved in the disk as a combination of a serialization data and the journal data having both the data stream created during a most recent serialization of the journal data and a set of records representing the write operations performed after the serialization of the journal data.

US Pat. No. 10,459,636

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MANAGING DATA IN NON-VOLATILE MEMORY SYSTEMS HAVING MULTIPLE MAPPING LAYERS

SanDisk Technologies LLC,...

21. A non-volatile memory system comprising:a non-volatile memory having a master mapping layer divided into a plurality of master mapping sets of logical-to-physical mapping entries, an update mapping layer divided into a plurality of update mapping sets and an expanded mapping layer divided into a plurality of expanded mapping layer sets;
wherein each master mapping set, update mapping set and expanded mapping set has a same physical size, and wherein each update mapping set is associated with a logical block address (LBA) range equal to a fixed plurality of master mapping set LBA ranges and each expanded mapping set is associated with a fixed plurality of update mapping set LBA ranges;
a volatile memory mapping cache having a fixed size that is less than a size of the update mapping layer;
mapping set management means for, when mapping data for an LBA associated with a received host command is not in the volatile memory mapping cache:
copying at least one master mapping set, update mapping set or expanded mapping set for the LBA associated with a received host command from the non-volatile memory to the volatile memory mapping cache when space is available in the volatile memory mapping cache for additional mapping data; and
when the volatile memory mapping cache is currently full, removing at least one master mapping set, update mapping set or expanded mapping set that is currently in the volatile memory mapping cache and then copying at least one master mapping set, update mapping set or expanded mapping set for the LBA.

US Pat. No. 10,459,633

METHOD FOR EFFICIENT LOAD BALANCING IN VIRTUAL STORAGE SYSTEMS

EMC IP Holding Company LL...

1. A data storage device, comprising:a plurality of virtual storage devices hosted by a plurality of physical storage devices; and
a processor programmed to:
obtain a data storage request;
divide a file specified by the data storage request into a plurality of blocks;
divide the plurality of virtual storage devices into a plurality of IO bound storage groups; and
store the plurality of blocks in the plurality of virtual storage devices based on an input output (IO) limitation of the plurality of virtual storage devices, wherein storing the plurality of blocks comprises:
distributing the blocks to the plurality of virtual storage devices based on the plurality of IO bound storage groups; and
storing the distributed blocks in the plurality of virtual storage devices based on the distribution.

US Pat. No. 10,459,630

MEMORY MANAGEMENT METHOD, MEMORY STORAGE DEVICE AND MEMORY CONTROLLING CIRCUIT UNIT

PHISON ELECTRONICS CORP.,...

1. A memory management method for controlling a rewritable non-volatile memory module comprising a plurality of physical units, the memory management method comprising:defining a first data management rule for a first type physical unit and a second data management rule for a second type physical unit, wherein a first data density of the first type physical unit is lower than a second data density of the second type physical unit;
determining whether a value of a valid count of a first physical unit of the physical units exceeds a threshold value, wherein the valid count relates to a number of logical unit to which the data stored in the first physical unit belongs and the value of the valid count is positively correlated with a data density of the first physical unit;
if the value of the valid count of the first physical unit exceeds the threshold value, managing the first physical unit based on the second data management rule, such that the data stored in the first physical unit conforms to a second reliability level and is protected based on a second protection level; and
if the value of the valid count of the first physical unit does not exceed the threshold value, managing the first physical unit based on the first data management rule, such that data stored in the first physical unit conforms to a first reliability level and is protected based on a first protection level,
wherein the second reliability level is higher than the first reliability level, and the second protection level is higher than the first protection level,
wherein a first number of logical units corresponding to the data stored in the first type physical unit is less than a second number of logical units corresponding to the data stored in the second type physical unit,
wherein the first physical unit which is managed based on any one of the first data management rule and the second data management rule is accessible.

US Pat. No. 10,459,628

TERMINAL AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING DISPLAY OF MULTI WINDOW

Pantech Co., Ltd., Seoul...

1. A terminal for controlling a display of a multi window, the terminal comprising: an event detector for detecting an execution, change, or finish event of an application;a display analyzer for analyzing one or more screens corresponding to one or more applications executed on the multi window comprising a mini window, the mini window being configured to be always on top;
a display controller for controlling a location and a size of the mini window based on an analysis result of the display analyzer; and
a display for displaying the mini window at the controlled location, wherein the display analyzer analyzes a touch event region and an image display region of a non-mini window other than the mini window, wherein the display controller disposes the mini window in the image display region of the non-mini window.

US Pat. No. 10,459,627

MEDICAL IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS AND METHOD OF PROVIDING USER INTERFACE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A medical image display apparatus comprising: a touch screen configured to display a medical image and receive an input from a user; a sensor configured to detect attachment and detachment of the medical image display apparatus; and a controller configured to: monitor whether the medical image display apparatus is connected to a medical image acquisition apparatus by the sensor, in response to detecting, by the sensor, detachment of the medical image display apparatus from the medical image acquisition apparatus, acquire information indicating a touch input range of the user, configure a user interface for controlling operations associated with acquiring the medical image such that the user interface corresponds to the indicated touch input range, and control the touch screen to display the user interface.

US Pat. No. 10,459,626

TEXT INPUT METHOD IN TOUCH SCREEN TERMINAL AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A portable communication device comprising:a touchscreen display; and
a processor configured to:
display a text input area in a first area and a virtual keyboard including a plurality of keys in a second area below the first area by using the touchscreen display;
while displaying the text input area and the virtual keyboard, receive a drag input moving from an area that is outside of the second area toward the second area;
while a contact of the drag input is maintained on the touchscreen display, recognize a path of the drag input moving across over any one of the plurality of keys included in the virtual keyboard as a part of a handwriting character instead of a key input of the virtual keyboard, wherein the handwriting character is different from all of a plurality of characters that are supportable by the plurality of keys; and
display, in the text input area, the handwriting character obtained based at least in part on the path of the drag input.

US Pat. No. 10,459,616

AUTOMATIC FULL SCREEN DISPLAY

1. An on-board navigation system for a vehicle comprising:a first subsystem and at least a second subsystem in the vehicle, each of the first and second subsystem supplying information about an operational condition;
a display operable to display visual information about an operational condition of the first and second subsystems, the display having a full screen mode and a mixed display mode, wherein the full screen mode corresponds to displaying operational information related to only one of the first and second subsystems on a majority portion of the display and the mixed display mode corresponds to displaying operational information about at least the first and second subsystems in discrete areas of the display; and
a controller configured to monitor a predetermined condition associated with the first subsystem and, when the predetermined condition is met, configured to cause the display to automatically switch to the full screen mode to display information specific to the predetermined condition,
wherein an electronic signal provided in response to a user selection selects which predetermined conditions associated with operation of an infotainment system cause the display to automatically switch to the full screen mode.

US Pat. No. 10,459,615

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ANALYZING PERIODIC MOTIONS IN MACHINERY

RDI TECHNOLOGIES, INC., ...

1. A method for monitoring an object, comprising:acquiring a video file of the object as a sequence of video images comprising individual image frames, wherein each image frame is divided into pixels defined by spatial coordinates within the frame, and wherein brightness within each pixel is characterized with numerical values;
selecting at least two image frames acquired at different times and containing the object, a first such image frame being designated as a reference frame and at least one other image frame being designated as a differenced frame;
comparing the reference frame to the differenced frame by determining a variation in brightness based on differences in numerical values between at least one corresponding pixel having the same spatial coordinates in each of the two image frames, in which the variation indicates movement of the object;
amplifying the differences in numerical values between the two image frames by multiplying the difference by a predetermined factor to at least one amplified differenced frame;
creating at least one new image frame by superimposing the at least one amplified differenced frame onto the reference frame; and
displaying the at least one new image frame.

US Pat. No. 10,459,612

SELECT AND MOVE HINT

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

1. A computer-implemented method of moving content, comprising:receiving a first input selecting content proximate to a first insertion point within a document;
receiving a second input selecting a move option;
removing the selected content;
after removing the selected content, displaying a move hint at a first location proximate to the first insertion point, wherein the move hint includes a relevant visualization of the removed content;
receiving a third input selecting a second insertion point;
in response to receiving the third input, displaying the move hint at a second location proximate to the second insertion point;
receiving a fourth input selecting the move hint; and
in response to selection of the move hint, displaying the previously-removed content at the second insertion point.

US Pat. No. 10,459,605

INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM, NON-TRANSITORY STORAGE MEDIUM ENCODED WITH COMPUTER READABLE INFORMATION PROCESSING PROGRAM, INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD, AND INFORMATION PROCESSING TERMINAL

Nintendo Co., Ltd., Kyot...

1. An information processing system, comprising:a first information processing terminal; and
a second information processing terminal configured to communicate with the first information processing terminal,
the second information processing terminal being configured to:
display a first menu screen based on menu information which includes information on selectable contents and is obtained in advance from the first information processing terminal, and
transmit, in response to selection by a user on the first menu screen, an instruction indicating a selected content to the first information processing terminal, and
the first information processing terminal being configured to:
receive the instruction indicating the selected content from the second information processing terminal, and
upon receiving the instruction from the second information processing terminal before launch, cancel a sleep mode and directly launch the selected content without displaying an additional screen before the launch.

US Pat. No. 10,459,603

EXTENSION ACTIVATION FOR RELATED DOCUMENTS

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A method for providing application extension activation, the method comprising:enabling display of an item corresponding to each of a plurality of related documents in a list of items;
receiving a new document associated with the plurality of related documents and enabling display of a new item corresponding to the new document in the list of items;
determining that at least one of a plurality of extension trigger conditions for the new document is satisfied by content of a second document of the plurality of related documents within the list of items;
in response to determining that the at least one extension trigger condition is satisfied by the content of the second document, enabling display of an entry-point user interface (UI) element on the new item corresponding to the new document in the list of items, wherein enabling display of the entry-point UI element indicates that an application extension is activated in the new document based on the at least one extension trigger condition being satisfied; and
in response to receiving a selection of the new item corresponding to the new document in the list of items, enabling display of the new document including a user interface element representing the application extension associated with the at least one extension trigger condition.

US Pat. No. 10,459,601

PREFERRED CONTACT GROUP CENTRIC INTERFACE

T-Moblie USA, Inc., Bell...

1. A method for managing user contacts on a communication device, the method comprising:identifying a subset of contacts selected by a user of the communication device, wherein the subset of user contacts includes less than all of the user contacts accessible by the communication device;
causing the user to be presented with a display on the communication device in which a graphical icon associated with each contact of the subset of contacts is selectable to facilitate communication with the respective contact, wherein at least one graphical icon associated with a contact from the subset of contacts is selectable to offer two or more available communication modes for communicating with the associated contact, and wherein each graphical icon associated with a contact in the subset of contacts is caused to be presented on the display in an arrangement about a center axis; and
causing the user to be presented with a communications option menu including an arrangement of available communication modes associated with a currently selected graphical icon corresponding to a first contact, wherein the arrangement of available communication modes comprises a second arrangement of graphical icons on the display about a second axis, wherein the second arrangement of graphical icons comprises at least a portion of a set of graphical icons indicative of available communication modes, and wherein one of the graphical icons indicative of available communication modes corresponds to a currently selected communication mode, wherein the communications option menu is configured to permit changing the currently selected graphical icon corresponding to the first contact to a graphical icon corresponding to a different contact via a navigation button and without returning to the idle screen.

US Pat. No. 10,459,600

CONVERSION OF PLATFORM-INDEPENDENT ACCESSIBILITY LOGIC INTO PLATFORM-SPECIFIC ACCESSIBILITY FUNCTIONALITY

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A computing system, comprising:an application component configured to run, in a runtime environment with a particular platform,
an application that generates a user interface, wherein the application creates a platform-independent accessibility object in response to a request for the platform-independent accessibility object, wherein the platform-independent accessibility object is independent of the particular platform, and
caches accessibility information corresponding to the user interface generated by the application;
a processor; and
memory storing instructions executable by the processor, wherein the instructions, when executed, provide:
an accessibility system that is separate from the application and comprises:
a uniform application interface exposed to the application and configured to receive the platform-independent accessibility object from the application;
a set of platform-specific mappings, wherein each platform-specific mapping maps the accessibility information in the platform-independent accessibility object to a different platform having an accessibility client; and
a platform adaptor component configured to:
based on the set of platform-specific mappings, wrap the platform-independent accessibility object in a platform adaptor that comprises a platform-specific wrapper, consumable by a platform-specific interface that is specific to the particular platform;
wherein the platform-specific interface is exposed to a platform-specific accessibility framework and configured to provide access to the accessibility information in the platform-independent accessibility object to the accessibility client of the particular platform through the platform-specific accessibility framework.

US Pat. No. 10,459,599

METHOD FOR MOVING IN VIRTUAL SPACE AND INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS FOR EXECUTING THE METHOD

COLOPL, INC., Tokyo (JP)...

1. A method, comprising:defining a virtual space,
wherein the virtual space comprises a viewpoint associated with a first user, a first object, and a map object, and
wherein a plurality of location options is associated with the map object;
defining a visual field based on a position of the viewpoint in the virtual space;
generating a visual-field image based on the visual field;
displaying the map object in the visual field in response to detection of a predetermined motion;
identifying occupied location options from the plurality of location options;
receiving a selection of any location option of the plurality of location options by the first user, wherein the receiving the selection comprises preventing the first user from selecting any location option of the plurality of location options identified as occupied;
moving the viewpoint to the selected location option; and
updating the visual field based on a position of the selected viewpoint in the virtual space.

US Pat. No. 10,459,590

TOUCH PANEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

TPK Touch Solutions (Xiam...

1. A touch panel, comprisinga film layer;
a buffer layer;
a sensing layer having a refraction index nT;
a cover attached to the film layer through a binding layer;
wherein the upper surface of the cover which is opposing the bottom surface attached to the film layer is a touch surface of the touch panel;
said binding layer being between said cover and said film layer;
said film layer being between said binding layer and said buffer layer;
said buffer layer being between said film layer and said sensing layer;
said buffer layer comprising an inorganic material and an organic material;
a protection layer having a refraction index n2;
an adhering layer having a refraction index nA;
said protection layer attaching to said sensing layer and comprising an inorganic material and an organic material; and
said protection layer is located between said sensing layer and said adhering layer;
wherein said refraction index nA

US Pat. No. 10,459,589

TOUCH SUBSTRATE COMPRISING RADIUSED TOUCH ELECTRODE BOUNDARIES MASK PLATE, AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A touch substrate, comprising a plurality of touch electrodes and a plurality of fill patterns;wherein substantially all corners of substantially all boundaries of the plurality of touch electrodes are radiused;
the plurality of touch electrodes comprise a plurality of rows of first touch electrodes and a plurality of columns of second touch electrodes;
a respective first touch electrode is substantially surrounded by adjacent second touch electrodes;
a respective second touch electrode is substantially surrounded by adjacent first touch electrodes;
the respective first touch electrode has a boundary that is substantially circular except where adjacent fill patterns of the plurality of fill patterns are present;
a portion of a boundary of a respective one of the plurality of fill patterns adjacent to the respective first touch electrode follows the boundary of the respective first touch electrode; and
the respective second touch electrode fills in a remaining space formed by boundaries of the adjacent first touch electrodes and respective adjacent fill patterns so that it has a shape substantially complementary to, and spaced apart from, the boundaries of the adjacent first touch electrodes and the respective adjacent fill patterns.

US Pat. No. 10,459,586

TOUCH SENSOR AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A method of manufacturing a touch sensor, comprising:forming a first photosensitive organic layer;
exposing a first portion of the first photosensitive organic layer to a first light to form a first organic layer;
removing second portions of the first photosensitive organic layer unexposed to the first light to form first recesses in the first organic layer;
forming first conductive patterns in the first recesses;
forming a second photosensitive organic layer on the first organic layer and the first conductive patterns;
exposing a first portion of the second photosensitive organic layer to a second light to form a second organic layer;
removing second portions of the second photosensitive organic layer unexposed to the second light to form second recesses in the second organic layer; and
forming second conductive patterns in the second recesses,
wherein:
some of the first and second conductive patterns form a driving line of a touch sensor, the driving line extending in a first direction; and
some of the first and second conductive patterns form a sensing line of the touch sensor, the sensing line extending in a second direction different from the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,459,583

TOUCH PANEL AND TOUCH DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A capacitive touch sensor comprising;a substrate including an active area and an inactive area;
a first sensing electrode;
a second sensing electrode comprising a plurality of second sensing electrode cells spaced apart from each other and a first bridge connecting two adjacent second sensing electrode cells;
a connecting electrode provided on the active area;
a wire provided on the inactive area; and
a second bridge that connects the second sensing electrode with the connecting electrode,
wherein the first sensing electrode, second sensing electrode, and the connecting electrode are spaced apart,
wherein the first sensing electrode extends in a first direction,
wherein the first bridge and the second bridge are spaced apart from each other,
wherein the first bridge extends the second sensing electrode in a second direction by connecting the second sensing electrode cells to one another,
wherein the connecting electrode is connected to the wire and arranged between the second sensing electrode and the wire, and
wherein a length of the first bridge is longer than a length of the second bridge in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,459,579

TOUCHLESS INTERACTION

ELLIPTIC LABORATORIES AS,...

1. A portable electronic device comprising:a transmitter configured to transmit ultrasonic signals at a first transmission power,
a receiver for receiving ultrasonic signals reflected from an input object, and
a processor for processing received ultrasonic signals to determine an input to the device, wherein the device is configured to continue transmitting ultrasonic signals at a second, lower, transmission power in the event that the device determines that a reflection from an object other than the input object meets a predetermined criterion.

US Pat. No. 10,459,574

DISPLAY INCLUDING HOT MIRROR

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a display stack comprising at least one layer to generate a digital display image;
a front stack that includes a position encoded contrast layer to provide a pattern of light in response to non-visible light applied to the position encoded contrast layer, the pattern of light encoding spatial information across a surface of the position encoded contrast layer; and
a hot mirror to reflect the non-visible light applied to the position encoded contrast layer of the front stack and being optically transparent to visible light generated from the display stack,
wherein the hot mirror is disposed between the at least one layer to generate a digital display image in the display stack and the position encoded contrast layer of the front stack.

US Pat. No. 10,459,570

ANALOG WATCH WITH TOUCH INTERFACE

Garmin Switzerland GmbH, ...

1. A wearable electronic device comprising:a housing including a watch face and one or more side walls;
a protective material positioned above the one or more side walls;
a touch panel positioned under the protective material and comprising a plurality of touch sensors, each touch sensor associated with a region of the watch face, the touch panel separated from the protective material by an air gap;
a first watch hand positioned within the air gap and proximate to the touch panel;
a first watch hand actuation apparatus attached to the first watch hand and configured to rotate the first watch hand within the air gap;
a memory configured to store a plurality of signal thresholds for each of the plurality of touch sensors, the plurality of signal thresholds associated with a position of the first watch hand; and
a processor operably coupled to the touch panel, the first watch hand actuation apparatus, and the memory, the processor configured to:
receive a touch signal from at least one of the plurality of touch sensors,
determine a position of the first watch hand,
identify the signal threshold of at least one of the plurality of touch sensors by selecting one of the plurality of signal thresholds based on the determined position of the first watch hand, and
identify a touch input received by one of the plurality of touch sensors once the touch signal received from the corresponding touch sensor exceeds the selected signal threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,459,563

IN-CELL TOUCH DISPLAY SCREEN AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. An in-cell touch display screen, comprising:an upper substrate and a lower substrate that are cell-assembled,
a plurality of first touch electrodes and a plurality of second touch electrodes that are disposed on the upper substrate and/or the lower substrate without contacting each other,
an image display area, and
a static-electricity shield layer disposed on a light emitting side of the upper substrate,
wherein the plurality of first touch electrodes are disposed on a light incident side of the upper substrate,
the light emitting side and the light incident side are two opposite sides of the upper substrate respectively,
the static-electricity shield layer comprises a plurality of hollowed-out areas corresponding to the image display area,
the static-electricity shield layer comprises a plurality of first conductive strips that are electrically connected, and positions of the first conductive strips correspond to positions of the first touch electrodes, and
widths of the first conductive strips are less than widths of the first touch electrodes, and an orthographic projection, on the first touch electrodes, of the first conductive strips is located within an area of the first touch electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,459,560

TOUCH INPUT DEVICE CAPABLE OF DETECTING TOUCH PRESSURE AND COMPRISING DISPLAY MODULE

HIDEEP INC., (KR)

1. A touch input device detecting a touch position and a touch pressure, the touch input device comprising:a first electrode for detecting the touch position;
a second electrode which is formed within a liquid crystal layer and is for detecting the touch pressure;
a reference electrode which is formed apart from the second electrode; and
a first glass layer and a second glass layer which are provided on upper and lower portions of the liquid crystal layer respectively, wherein the second electrode within the liquid crystal layer is formed on one side of the second glass layer and the reference electrode within the liquid crystal layer is formed on the other side of the first glass layer;
wherein the second electrode detects the touch pressure on the basis of a self-capacitance change amount according to change of a distance between the second electrode and the reference electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,459,554

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A display device comprising: a first substrate having a first side surface;a plurality of pixels arranged on the first side surface of the first substrate;
a second wiring arranged on the first surface of the first substrate and connected to the pixels;
a drive circuitry having a first side surface and a second side surface opposite to the first side surface of the drive circuitry and including a bump arranged on the second side surface of the drive circuitry, wherein the bump is electrically connected to the second wiring via an anisotropic conductive film;
a second substrate having a first side surface and a second side surface opposite to the first side surface of the second substrate, wherein the second side surface of the second substrate is opposed to the first side surface of the first substrate;
a plurality of detection electrodes arranged on the first side surface of the second substrate; and
a third substrate comprising: a base insulating layer having a first side surface and a second side surface opposite to the first side surface of the base insulating layer and including contact holes,
a plurality of connecting portions arranged on the second side surface of the base insulating layer and connected to the detection electrodes,
a plurality of first wiring lines arranged on the first side surface of the base insulating layer and connected to the connecting portions via the contact holes; and
a heat radiation layer arranged on the second side surface of the base insulating layer and thermally connected to the first side surface of the drive circuitry,
wherein at least one of the first wiring lines overlaps the drive circuitry via the heat radiation layer and the base insulating layer.

US Pat. No. 10,459,550

DETECTION AND UPDATING METHOD OF TOUCH SYSTEM

IMAGINATION BROADWAY LTD....

1. A method of updating ideal base signals for a capacitive touch system, wherein the touch system comprises a plurality of driving electrodes, a plurality of sensing electrodes, and a grounding trace, the method comprising steps of:proceeding an ideal base signal measurement to obtain a plurality of first base signals as ideal base signals under an ideal state with the grounding trace blocking signal interferences, wherein the ideal base signal measurement comprises driving the driving electrodes in turns or in groups with a plurality of measuring frequencies, and then detecting the sensing electrodes in turn;
proceeding a raw base signal measurement to obtain a plurality of raw base signals under a raw state, wherein the raw base signal measurement comprises driving at least one of the driving electrodes, then detecting a part of the sensing electrodes to obtain a part of the raw base signals, and repeating to obtain the plurality of raw base signals;
forming a regression related by the plurality of first base signals and the raw base signals to obtain at least one coefficient;
calculating a plurality of first new base signals according to the coefficient and the plurality of first base signals; and
updating the ideal base signals with the first new base signals.

US Pat. No. 10,459,549

TOUCH SENSITIVE ELEMENT AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A touch sensitive element, comprising:an electroactive film which is formed of a polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) based polymer and a poly(methylvinylidene cyanide) (PMVC) represented by Chemical Formula 2,

In Chemical Formula 2, n is an integer of 6 to 20.

US Pat. No. 10,459,548

COVER WINDOW AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a housing; and
a display module including a window cover forming a first surface of the housing;
wherein the window cover comprises:
a glass layer that is substantially transparent;
an opaque layer disposed under the glass layer;
an infrared (IR) ink layer formed by using an IR ink; and
a color layer disposed between the opaque layer and the glass layer and forming at least a portion of a color exposed through the glass layer,
wherein the color layer comprises:
a first layer disposed between the glass layer and the opaque layer and having a first refractive index, and
a second layer disposed between the first layer and the opaque layer and having a second refractive index that is smaller than the first refractive index.

US Pat. No. 10,459,545

ALL-IN-ONE MACHINE AND METHOD AND COMPUTER MEMORY MEDIUM FOR REALIZING QUICK TOUCH IN ALL CHANNELS THEREOF

Guangzhou Shirui Electron...

1. An all-in-one machine, comprisinga touch frame,
a USB selecting switch,
an internal PC module,
a main board and
a display screen,
wherein the display screen and the internal PC module are respectively connected to the main board,
the USB selecting switch is connected to a data port of the internal PC module, a first data port of the touch frame and a GPIO port of the main board respectively, and
the touch frame is also connected to the main board through a second data port,
and further comprising
wherein the main board is configured to
detect which channel is currently connected to the main board, control the USB selecting switch based on the detected channel information to connect the first data port of the touch frame with the data port of the internal PC module to which the currently connected channel belongs when detecting that the channel currently connected to the main board is an internal PC module channel;
determine whether there is an action to call a touch menu, and start a touch menu application program if it is determined that there is the action to call the touch menu;
the main board is also configured to receive a touch data within an area of the touch menu through the second data port,
make response to the touch data within the area of the touch menu received through the second data port, after the touch menu has been called and before an action of leaving the touch menu is detected.

US Pat. No. 10,459,544

ELECTRONIC SYSTEM AND PROXIMITY SENSING METHOD

HTC Corporation, Taoyuan...

1. An electronic system, comprising:a hand-held controller comprising:
a proximity sensing circuit comprising a plurality of proximity sensors, the proximity sensors being configured to sense a plurality of instant proximity values; and
a physical information sensing circuit configured to sense a physical parameter;
a computing application, executed by a processor, configured to retrieve the instant proximity values and the physical parameter, to calculate a plurality of maximum proximity values or minimum proximity values according to the instant proximity values and the physical parameter, the maximum proximity values or the minimum proximity values being utilized to update a plurality of threshold proximity values of the proximity sensors in determining near status or far status.

US Pat. No. 10,459,538

PRESSURE SENSITIVE STYLUS

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A stylus device comprising:a stylus tip;
a capacitive force sensor having a capacitor and an output connection coupled to the stylus tip, the capacitive force sensor configured to detect a force dependent capacitive response representing force applied to the stylus tip and to output a force dependent capacitive response signal based on the force dependent capacitive response;
a force response electronic circuit including a variable capacitor electrically connected to the output connection of the capacitive force sensor to modify the force dependent capacitive response to yield a modified force dependent capacitive response signal from the capacitive force sensor, such that the modified force dependent capacitive response signal is more sensitive to a detected force in a low force range relative to a higher force range as compared to the force dependent capacitive response signal; and
an inking electronic circuit including an analog to digital converter electrically connected to the output connection of the capacitive force sensor and communicatively connected to the force response electronic circuit and configured to generate an inking signal for communication to a host device, the generated inking signal being based on the modified force dependent capacitive response signal.

US Pat. No. 10,459,536

PORTABLE CARRIER WITH MOUSE SETTING DATA AND MOUSE DEVICE

DEXIN ELECTRONIC LTD., D...

1. A mouse device, comprising: a data receiver, receiving a mouse setting data; a memory unit; an operation interface, including a plurality of user-operated units; an indication unit; and a processor, connected to the data receiver, the memory unit and the operation interface, setting a plurality of functions of the mouse device according to the mouse setting data and storing the mouse setting data in the memory unit, wherein each of the functions of the mouse device corresponds to each of the user-operated units of the operation interface; wherein the data receiver includes a sensing unit, and the sensing unit detects and receives the mouse setting data stored in a portable carrier; wherein the data receiver starts detecting the mouse setting data stored in a portable carrier when a setting signal is received by the processor; and wherein one of the user-operated units of the operation interface is a setting button; when a user presses the setting button, the operation interface generates and transmits the setting signal to the processor, and the processor controls the sensing unit to detect the mouse setting data stored in the portable carrier according to the setting signal; wherein the data receiver further receives an identification data, the identification data is provided for the data receiver to determine whether the mouse setting data corresponds to one specific user, and the processor sets the functions of the mouse device according to the mouse setting data when the mouse device determines that the mouse setting data corresponds to the specific user; and wherein the processor does not set the functions of the mouse device when the mouse device determines that the mouse setting data does not correspond to the specific user; and the indication unit generates an indication signal after the processor sets the functions of the mouse device according to the mouse setting data; wherein the indication signal is a sound and/or a flickering light.

US Pat. No. 10,459,530

CURSOR MODE SWITCHING

Ultrahaptics IP Two Limit...

1. A system for gesture-recognition, comprising:an image-capture device for obtaining digital images of an object in 3D space;
a processor-executable analysis module for computationally determining a path of movement of the object based on captured images;
a computer memory for storing a digital representation of the path of movement; and
a processor-executable mode-control module configured for:
analyzing the path of movement to determine an intent of a user to change modes of operation according to which user gestures are interpreted from a first mode of operation by:
determining an amount or direction of curvature of the path of movement; and
determining whether the amount or direction of curvature of the path of movement is sufficient to indicate an intent of the user to change modes of operation according to which user gestures are interpreted; and
upon determining the intent of the user to change modes of operation according to which user gestures are interpreted, interpreting user gestures in accordance with a second mode of operation;
wherein determining whether amount or direction of curvature of the path of movement is sufficient to indicate an intent of the user to change modes of operation includes determining whether the amount or direction of curvature along the path of movement crosses a threshold to overcome a hysteresis associated with the first mode of operation.

US Pat. No. 10,459,529

MULTI-SENSOR CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REMOTE SIGNALING CONTROL OF UNMANNED VEHICLES

NORTHROP GRUMMAN SYSTEMS ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a plurality of wearable devices each having a multi-sensor detector to sense an operator gesture directed at an unmanned vehicle (UV), wherein each multi-sensor detector comprises:
a plurality of sensors including a sensor mounted on the wearable device proximal to an operator's finger to detect finger movement; and
another sensor to detect one of motion and direction of the operator gesture with respect to one or more operator hand movement, operator hand movement with respect to a planet's magnetic field, and rotational movement of an operator hand;
a set of controllers to monitor respective multi-sensor detectors to determine a corresponding operator gesture based on input data provided by the plurality of sensors of a respective wearable device, wherein each controller generates a respective command for the UV based on the corresponding operator gesture.

US Pat. No. 10,459,528

INFORMATION HANDLING SYSTEM ENHANCED GESTURE MANAGEMENT, CONTROL AND DETECTION

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. An information handling system comprising:a processor operable to execute instructions that process information;
a memory interfaced with the processor and operable to store the instructions and information;
a display interfaced with the processor and operable to present the information as visual images;
one or more sensors interfaced with the processor and display, the one or more sensors operable to detect movement of an end user proximate to the display;
a rotating input device interfaced with the processor and operable to accept end user inputs as rotational movement; and
a gesture engine interfaced with the one or more sensors and the rotating input device, the gesture engine operable to detect an end user motion defined as a gesture and, in response to the gesture, to re-assign inputs at the rotating input device from a first type to instead adjust an input associated with the gesture;
wherein the gesture engine is further operable to:
monitor the end user to detect maintenance of the gesture for a period of time;
assign inputs at the rotating input device as associated with the gesture during the period of time; and
re-assign inputs to the first type at the end of the period of time upon detecting the end user has stopped maintaining the gesture.

US Pat. No. 10,459,527

TECHNIQUES FOR NOTEBOOK HINGE SENSORS

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A computing device comprising:a housing including a base carrying a keyboard and a lid connected to the base by a hinge;
a display screen carried by the lid of the housing, the display screen to display a pointer;
a sensor in the hinge of the housing, the sensor to monitor an eye of a user and output data;
at least one processor; and
at least one storage device including instructions that, when executed by the at least one processor, cause the at least one processor to cause movement of the pointer on the display screen based on the data output by the sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,459,524

MULTI-SENSOR CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REMOTE SIGNALING CONTROL OF UNMANNED VEHICLES

NORTHROP GRUMMAN SYSTEMS ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a set of wearable devices each having a multi-sensor detector to sense an operator gesture directed at an unmanned vehicle (UV), wherein each multi-sensor detector comprises:
a plurality of sensors including one of a sensor mounted on a respective wearable device proximal to an operator's finger to detect finger movement; and
another sensor to detect one of motion and direction of the operator gesture with respect to one or more operator hand movement, operator hand movement with respect to a planet's magnetic field, and rotational movement of an operator hand; and
a set of controllers to monitor respective multi-sensor detectors to determine a corresponding operator gesture based on input data provided by the plurality of sensors of a respective wearable device, wherein each controller generates a respective command for the UV based on the corresponding operator gesture;
a communications module configured to provide the respective command to the UV to control a flight path of the UV; and
a wearable display device to be worn on or about a head of an operator, the wearable display device being configured to receive flight path information for the UV from the communication module for display thereon.

US Pat. No. 10,459,518

GAME WITH HAND MOTION CONTROL

CFPH, LLC, New York, NY ...

1. A method for controlling an apparatus affixed in the form of a loop to an arm of to a human player, the human-mounted apparatus having a power source, a motion sensor, an electromagnetic receiver/transmitter, at least one of an audio speaker and/or a haptics transducer, and a processor, all conjoined for consolidated unitary motion with the arm of the human player on which the apparatus is affixed, the method comprising:by the processor, directing the electromagnetic transmitter to transmit to a gaming device a signal that encodes an identifier that is unique to the apparatus, wherein reception of the signal by the gaming device causes the gaming device to display a message to a person;
responsive to a confirmation action by the person at the gaming device, by the processor, configuring the apparatus to control games at the gaming device through a transmission of game control signals to the gaining device, wherein the gaming device is operable to receive game control signals from a plurality of devices, and wherein the configuring of the apparatus causes the gaming device to only react to game control signals received from the apparatus;
by the processor, receiving a signal from the motion sensor, wherein the signal indicates at least one motion of the apparatus;
by the processor, transforming the received motion sensor signal to a command to control activity of a game, the game being provided to the human player on the gaming device;
by the processor, directing the electromagnetic transmitter to transmit the command to the gaming device;
by the processor, receiving from the electromagnetic receiver instructions that have been received wirelessly by the electromagnetic receiver from the gaming device; and
responsive to the instructions, by the processor, driving the audio speaker and/or haptics transducer to provide information to the human player.

US Pat. No. 10,459,516

STAGED POWER DISTRIBUTION CONTROL

INTEL CORPORATION, Santa...

1. An apparatus, comprising:logic, at least a portion of the logic implemented in hardware, the logic to:
determine a voltage level of a power source has fallen below a threshold value, wherein fall of the voltage level below the threshold value is caused by an increase in current provided by the power source;
take a selected action based on the voltage level falling below the threshold value, the selected action to cause a reduction in electric power consumption by a component; and
indicate to a main processor circuit that the selected action was taken.

US Pat. No. 10,459,513

FINANCIAL DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A financial device comprising:one or more modules;
a storage unit to store the operation information of the one or more modules, when entering a power saving mode;
a main control controller to disconnect power to the one or more modules by providing the power saving mode entry command to the one or more modules after the operation information is stored in the storage unit, when entering the power saving mode;
a proximity sensor to sense whether a user accesses the financial device,
a display to display a financial transaction of the financial device and its entry or cancellation of the power saving mode is controlled by turning on or off a backlight by a backlight driver;
a power controller to control power disconnection and disconnection removal for the one or more modules by electrically or physically disconnecting or connecting power lines of the one or more modules when receiving a power-off command from the main control controller; and
a sensor controller to control the turning on and off of the display; and
wherein the main controller cancels the power saving mode based on a detection of the proximity sensor and a predetermined cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,459,511

DISPLAY DEVICE AND TERMINAL FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A display device comprising:a wireless communication unit configured to wirelessly transmit a packet or wirelessly receive a packet;
a memory configured to store information of at least one registered wake-up device; and
a controller configured to control the wireless communication unit to change to a wake-up mode or to not change to the wake-up mode based on whether specific information is stored in the memory,
wherein in response to power of the display device being turned off, the controller to:
determine whether the information of the at least one registered wake-up device is stored in the memory,
control the wireless communication unit to change to the wake-up mode when the information of the at least one registered wake-up device is determined to be stored in the memory, and
control the wireless communication unit to not change to the wake-up mode when the information of the at least one registered wake-up device is determined to not be stored in the memory, even when power of the display device is turned off,
wherein when the wireless communication unit is operating in the wake-up mode, the wireless communication unit is to output a first packet including information of the display device, wherein the first packet corresponds to an advertising packet,
wherein while the wireless communication unit is operating in the wake-up mode, the wireless communication unit to receive a second packet in response to the outputted first packet, and the controller to turn on the power of the display device based on the received second packet without the display device being wirelessly connected to a terminal that provides the second packet,
wherein the second packet corresponds to an advertising packet that is generated based on a wake-up request and is not generated in response to the first packet.

US Pat. No. 10,459,502

ADAPTIVE CHARGE LEVELING IN A DATA STORAGE DEVICE

SEAGATE TECHNOLOGY LLC, ...

10. A charge leveler system, comprising:a controller coupleable to an external power supply;
a storage component coupled to the controller; and
a charge leveler coupled to the controller, the charge leveler comprising:
a current limiter couplable to receive an input current from the external power supply, the current limiter configured to output a limited current at no more than a pre-determined level; and
a charge reservoir coupleable to the current limiter output to supplement the limited current when the pre-determined level is exceeded, and to replenish the charge reservoir with surplus limited current in excess of current requested by an external data storage device coupleable to the charge leveler system when the pre-determined level is not exceeded.

US Pat. No. 10,459,497

ELECTRONIC COMPUTING DEVICE AND AIR-GUIDING COVER THEREOF

WISTRON CORP., New Taipe...

13. An air-guiding cover, comprising:a cover body;
a first cover member; and
a second cover member, wherein the cover body is selectively connectable to one of the first cover member and the second cover member at a time, and wherein when the cover body is connected to the first cover member, the air-guiding cover is in a first guiding state, and the air-guiding cover separates an air flow into a first flow and a second flow, and when the cover body is connected to the second cover member, the air-guiding cover is in a second guiding state, and the air-guiding cover gathers the air flow into a third flow,
wherein the cover body comprises a first path structure and a second path structure, the first cover member comprises a first shielding wall and a guiding frame, the guiding frame defines a first cover opening, the first shielding wall connects to the guiding frame, an entrance notch is formed between the first shielding wall and the guiding frame, the first shielding wall corresponds to the first path structure, the entrance notch corresponds to the second path structure, and a central processing unit is in the first path structure.

US Pat. No. 10,459,496

MODULAR COMPUTER SYSTEM WITH FLEXIBLE STRUCTURE

1. A modular computer system, comprising:a casing, wherein the casing is an enclosed structure having an exterior and an interior;
a door attached to the casing allowing access to the interior of the casing;
in the interior of the casing,
(a) a pair of slide grooves,
wherein each one of the slide grooves is disposed along opposite interior walls of the casing;
(b) a motherboard, wherein lateral edges of the motherboard are disposed in the slide grooves;
(c) a backplane disposed on the motherboard and arranged substantially perpendicular to the motherboard having at least one port connected to the motherboard;
(d) wherein the slide grooves permit an assembly including only the motherboard along with the backplane attached thereto to slide out from the interior of the casing through the door; and
(e) a power supply electrically connected to the motherboard;
in the exterior of the casing,
an opening permitting at least one hard drive to be freely inserted through the opening so that the hard drive extends into the interior and electrically connects it with the backplane such that the hard drive is substantially parallel with the motherboard while being substantially perpendicular with the backplane;
wherein the opening further permits the hard drive to be freely removed therefrom by pulling the hard drive without interference from any device inhibiting the pulling; and
wherein such free insertion and removing of the hard drive is capable of being done during operation of the modular computer system when fully assembled.

US Pat. No. 10,459,489

DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

20. A method of forming a display panel of a display apparatus, comprising:preparing a display panel which generates and displays an image, the display panel comprising:
a substrate including a display area in which a plurality of display pixels are disposed;
the substrate extending in a first direction from the display area to define each of:
a first non-display area of the substrate disposed adjacent to the display area, and
a second non-display area of the substrate opposite to the display area thereof in the first direction with respect to the first non-display area; and
further defining for the second non-display area of the substrate:
a bendable portion of the substrate at which the display panel is bent about a bending axis extending in a second direction which crosses to the first direction; and
a non-bending portion of the substrate at which the display panel is not bent, the bendable portion disposed between the non-bending portion and the first non-display area of the substrate in the first direction;
wherein
a first width is defined as a total width of the display area of the substrate and the first non-display area of the substrate which is disposed adjacent to the display area, in the second direction; and
a second width is defined as a total width of the bendable portion of the second non-display area of the substrate, in the second direction;
the display panel bent about the bending axis defines within the bendable portion, a stress concentration portion of the substrate which is aligned with the bending axis in the first direction,
a third width is defined as a total width of the stress concentration portion of the substrate which is aligned with the bending axis, in the second direction, and
the third width is less than each of the first width and the second width, in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,459,483

FUNCTIONAL DEVICE AND MOBILE TERMINAL

GUANGDONG OPPO MOBILE TEL...

1. A functional device for a mobile terminal, comprising:a frame, defining a cavity;
a driving assembly, housed in the cavity, the driving assembly comprising a motor, a lead screw, and a slider, the lead screw being connected to a rotating shaft of the motor, and the slider being sleeved on the lead screw; and
a sliding base slidably connected to the frame and having a magnetic attraction with the slider, configured to hold a functional component, when the rotating shaft driving the lead screw to rotate, the slider driving the sliding base to move relative to the frame to extend the functional component out of the frame or retract into the cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,459,479

DATA STORAGE DEVICE CALIBRATING PREAMP CLOCK USING SYSTEM CLOCK

Western Digital Technolog...

1. A data storage device comprising:a disk;
a head a head actuated over the disk;
preamp circuitry coupled to the head, wherein the preamp circuitry comprises a preamp clock and a clock counter configured to count cycles of the preamp clock; and
system circuitry coupled to the preamp circuit over a serial interface, wherein the system circuitry comprises a system clock and the system circuitry is configured to:
transmit a start command over the serial interface to the preamp circuitry to begin counting a number of cycles of the preamp clock;
receive a preamp command over the serial interface from the preamp circuitry, wherein the preamp command is based on the clock counter in the preamp circuitry;
generate a frequency adjustment command based on the preamp command; and
transmit the frequency adjustment command over the serial interface to the preamp circuitry in order to adjust a frequency of the preamp clock.

US Pat. No. 10,459,477

COMPUTING SYSTEM WITH POWER VARIATION ATTACK COUNTERMEASURES

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. A method comprising:generating a range of different frequencies with at least one oscillator of a clock module;
providing a first clock frequency to a controller with a channel selector of the clock module in response to a dither control circuit;
executing a system operation with the controller;
changing the first clock frequency to a second clock frequency during the execution of the system operation as directed by the dither control circuit, the second clock frequency chosen from the range of different frequencies;
executing a third clock frequency as directed by the dither control circuit, the third clock frequency chosen from the range of different frequencies in relation to the first and second clock frequencies to mitigate a net frequency reduction, the net frequency reduction corresponding with the third clock frequency having a time domain that balances a previously executed first clock frequency and second clock frequency; and
returning to the first clock frequency at the conclusion of the execution of the system operation.

US Pat. No. 10,459,476

ACTUATOR MANUAL OVERRIDE DEVICE

Aktiebolaget SKF, Gothen...

1. An override device for an actuator having a casing, a motor disposed within the casing and having a shaft rotatable about a central axis, and an output member drivably coupled with the motor shaft, the override device comprising:a body having an outer portion engageable with the casing to couple the body with the actuator and an inner portion coaxially engageable with the motor shaft such that angular displacement of the override body angularly displaces the shaft about the shaft central axis so as to drive the output member.

US Pat. No. 10,459,468

LOAD CURRENT SENSE CIRCUIT

Texas Instruments Incorpo...

1. A low dropout regulator circuit, comprising:a pass transistor;
a first sense transistor;
a second sense transistor;
a driver circuit coupled to, and configured to generate a drive signal to control, the pass transistor, the first sense transistor, and the second sense transistor;
sense circuitry coupled to the pass transistor, the first sense transistor, and the second sense transistor, and comprising:
a first sense circuit configured to generate an output current proportional to a current flowing in the pass transistor; and
a second sense circuit coupled to the driver circuit and configured to set the drive signal to a predetermined voltage responsive to a voltage across the pass transistor being less than a threshold voltage; and
an error amplifier coupled to the pass transistor and the driver circuit, and configured to control a voltage at an output of the pass transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,459,467

SWITCHING REGULATOR WITH SOFT START CIRCUIT AND OPERATION METHOD THEREOF

FCI INC., Bundang-Gu, Se...

1. A switching regulator with a soft start circuit for suppressing an in-rush current, comprising:a peak detector configured to receive a clock signal and detect a peak voltage of the clock signal;
a comparator configured to generate a soft start signal for controlling a soft start of the switching regulator based on a result of comparing a level of the peak voltage of the clock signal to a preset reference voltage level;
a counter configured to switch a state of the soft start signal at a time point when a preset soft start time arrives; and
a ramp voltage generation unit configured to generate a ramp voltage by adjusting a resistance of a variable resistor based on the soft start signal.

US Pat. No. 10,459,465

POWER-DOWN DISCHARGER

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A low dropout (LDO) regulator that comprises:an output transistor that couples a DC input voltage pin to a DC output voltage pin;
an operational amplifier that drives the output transistor in response to a difference between a feedback signal and a reference voltage from a capacitor;
a soft-start circuit that ramps the reference voltage from an initial voltage;
a discharge transistor that discharges the capacitor when driven to a conducting state; and
a power-down discharger that includes:
an internal capacitance;
a diode, or transistor configured as a diode, connecting the DC input voltage pin to the internal capacitance to charge the internal capacitance;
a sense transistor connecting the internal capacitance to a gate of the discharge transistor to drive the discharge transistor to the conducting state when a voltage on the DC input voltage pin drops below a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,459,462

SENSOR FUSION FEEDBACK FOR CONTROLLING FLUID PRESSURES IN A MACHINE

Caterpillar Inc., Peoria...

1. A method of using sensor fusion feedback in the control of fluid pressures in a machine, comprising:receiving, with at least one processor, from each of a plurality of Inertial Measurement Units (IMU's) mounted on different components of the machine, a time series of signals indicative of acceleration and angular rate of motion measurements for each of the components of the machine on which one or more of the plurality of IMU's are mounted;
receiving, with at least one processor, from at least one non-IMU sensor, a signal indicative of at least one of position, velocity, or acceleration of at least one of the machine components, position, velocity, or acceleration of any potential obstacles or other features at a job site where the machine is operating, a fluid pressure, an engine speed, a fluid relief pressure, a maximum pump output pressure, or an operator input;
for each one of the IMU's on a separate component of the machine, fusing the signals received from the IMU with a separate Kalman filter module of the at least one processor, the fusing of the signals from each one of the plurality of IMU's comprising:
combining an acceleration measurement and an angular rate of motion measurement from the IMU to estimate an output joint angle for the component of the machine on which the IMU is mounted during a timestep of a series of timesteps;
generating an a priori estimate of the output joint angle for the component in a subsequent timestep based on an estimate of the output joint angle from a previous timestep;
combining the a priori estimate of the output joint angle with an estimate of the accuracy of the a priori estimate and a current measurement value received from the IMU to produce a refined a posteriori estimate of the output joint angle;
fusing the refined a posteriori estimates of the output joint angles for a plurality of the components of the machine with each other, with a signal from the at least one non-IMU sensor, and in reference to a machine reference frame to determine best estimates of current output joint angles for each of the plurality of components of the machine with reference to the machine reference frame;
solving a kinematic equation using the best estimates of current output joint angles for the components of the machine and structural design information characterizing the machine;
determining from the solution of the kinematic equation whether a higher fluid pressure to a fluid actuation cylinder connected between two of the machine components is required to avoid stalling of one of the two machine components relative to the other of the two machine components under load after each successive timestep of the series of timesteps;
determining from the solution of the kinematic equation whether an adjustment to a pressure cut off for a fluid pump on the machine is required for an operation; and
applying a determination from the solution of the kinematic equation in an implementation of a controlled adjustment to a fluid pressure supplied to the fluid actuation cylinder.

US Pat. No. 10,459,461

MOBILE ZIPPER UNIT

COMMANDO PRESSURE CONTROL...

1. A zipper manifold comprising: a mixing block having a buffer chamber, a chamber cross-sectional area a first inlet, a second inlet, a first outlet, and a second outlet, the first inlet being positioned on a proximal end of the mixing block, the second inlet being positioned on a distal end of the mixing block, the buffer chamber being positioned between the first inlet and the second inlet the first outlet and the second outlet being positioned on a first sidewall of the buffer chamber between the first inlet and the second inlet, the first inlet and the second inlet being open inlets, the mixing bock being positioned between the wellhead and the frac missile; wherein the first inlet has a first cross-sectional area and a second inlet has a second cross-sectional area, the first inlet and the second inlet being fluidly coupled to the frac missile; wherein a first cumulative cross-sectional area being a summation of the first cross-sectional area and the second cross-sectional area is less than the chamber cross-sectional area; wherein the first outlet has a third cross-sectional area and the second outlet has a fourth cross-sectional area, the first outlet and the second outlet being fluidly coupled to the wellhead; wherein a second cumulative cross-sectional area being a summation of the third cross-sectional area and the fourth cross-sectional area is greater than the first cumulative cross-sectional area; a first fluid stream entering the buffer chamber through the first inlet, a second fluid stream entering the buffer chamber through the second inlet; wherein the first and second fluid streams have a laminar flow upon entering the buffer chamber, wherein the first outlet and the second outlet are fluidly connected to at least one wellbore; a second sidewall extending from the first inlet to the second inlet, the first sidewall and the second sidewall being positioned one hundred eighty degrees apart from each other, wherein the second sidewall is a continuous sidewall with no inlet between the first inlet and the second inlet.

US Pat. No. 10,459,459

PRODUCT DISPENSING SYSTEM

DEKA Products Limited Par...

1. A product dispensing system comprising:a flow control device configured to regulate a first ingredient;
a flow measuring device configured to provide a feedback signal based upon a volume of the first ingredient flowing within the flow control device;
a pump module configured to be coupled to a supply of a second ingredient; and
a controller configured to provide a first control signal to the flow control device for controlling a supply of a first quantity of the first ingredient and to provide a second control signal to the pump module for controlling the supply of a first quantity of the second ingredient, wherein the controller further configured to receive the feedback signal.

US Pat. No. 10,459,457

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR LIMITING OR KEEPING CONSTANT A FLOWING QUANTITY OF LIQUID

VITAPLUS NEDERLAND B.V., ...

1. Method for producing one or more injection-moulded products, wherein the injection-moulded product is manufactured in a mould for producing one or more injection-moulded products, wherein at least a part of a counter-mould within a cavity of the mould is movable and adjustable such that at least one of a size and shape of a mould cavity is adjustable, the method comprising:moving, between the manufacture of two injection-moulded products, at least a part of the mould such that a dimension of the counter-mould and at least one of a size and shape of the mould cavity is adjusted,
wherein the movable part of the counter-mould is adjusted from an outer side of the mould,
wherein the movable part is adjusted subject to a variation in at least one of thickness and composition of a valve element;
producing a flow limiter, as the injection-moulded product, for limiting flow of a fluid flowing therethrough;
producing a housing provided with an inlet, an outlet and a throughflow opening; and
producing a resilient plate-like valve element, mounted in the housing, substantially able to close the throughflow opening by resilient movement in a direction of a valve seat arranged adjacency of the throughflow opening in the housing, wherein the valve element is fixed on one side and the valve element is resiliently movable on the opposite side in the direction of the valve seat.

US Pat. No. 10,459,456

AUTONOMOUS HELICOPTER POSTURE REGULATION TO MOVING REFERENCE FRAMES

SIKORSKY AIRCRAFT CORPORA...

1. A method of flying an aircraft, comprising:determining a trajectory of a moving object relative to the aircraft;
determine, from the trajectory of the moving object, a reference frame of the moving object;
flying the aircraft via a processor to maintain the aircraft at a selected offset from the moving object for the determined trajectory of the moving object;
implementing a flight command to fly the aircraft along a flight path using calculations performed with respect to the determined reference frame;
tracking a rotation of the moving object about an axis of the moving object; and
performing one of mimicking the rotation of the moving object at the aircraft and mimicking the rotation of the moving object at a slung load conveyed by the aircraft.

US Pat. No. 10,459,452

METHOD FOR DETECTING A WORKING AREA OF AN AUTONOMOUS WORKING DEVICE, AND A WORKING DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for identifying a position of an autonomous robotic vehicle relative to a boundary conductor surrounding a defined zone, the method comprising:providing a pseudo-random boundary signal and a modulation signal;
generating a pseudo-random current signal based on the pseudo-random boundary signal, which is amplitude-modulated with the modulation signal such that the pseudo-random current signal is amplitude-modulated;
feeding the pseudo-random current signal to the boundary conductor to generate an alternating electromagnetic field;
detecting magnetic field variations that originate from the alternating electromagnetic field based on a voltage induced by the magnetic field variations, and generating a receive signal from the magnetic field variations;
evaluating the receive signal to generate a reconstructed boundary signal;
providing a reference signal that is substantially identical to the pseudo-random boundary signal;
executing a correlation-based pattern recognition to ascertain a correlation value between the reference signal and the reconstructed boundary signal; and
determining the position of the autonomous robotic vehicle at least one of inside the defined zone and outside the defined zone based on the ascertained correlation value.

US Pat. No. 10,459,451

METHOD FOR PROCESSING A FLOOR

1. A method for processing a floor (2) of a room using an automatically movable processing device (1), comprising the following steps:calculating a three dimensional coordinate within a world coordinate system for each point of a plurality of points of the room and/or of an obstacle (7) arranged in the room,
generating a map of the room from the calculated three-dimensional coordinates, and
displaying the map (3) to a user of the processing device (1), the map being configured so that the user can select at least one sub-region of the room in which the processing device (1) is to process or refrain from processing the floor (2),
wherein the map (3) is displayed as two-dimensional map comprising coded, height information (6), wherein the height information (6) is height information (6) of an obstacle (7), and wherein codes of obstacles of different heights differ.

US Pat. No. 10,459,449

VIRTUAL MOVING SAFETY LIMITS FOR VEHICLES TRANSPORTING OBJECTS

X Development LLC, Mount...

1. A method comprising:receiving sensor data from one or more sensors on a vehicle that is controlled by a remote control system to move while carrying a load;
determining a load weight and one or more load dimensions based on the sensor data;
determining an envelope of permissible pairs of angular velocity values and forward velocity values for the vehicle while carrying the load, based at least in part on the load weight and the one or more load dimensions, to prevent vehicle load failure; and
providing for display of a representation of the envelope of permissible pairs of angular velocity values and forward velocity values on a user interface of the remote control system for the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,459,442

GENERATING AND TRANSMITTING PARKING INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTONOMOUS AND NON-AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES

Allstate Insurance Compan...

1. A parking analysis system, comprising:a plurality of first sensors associated with one or more vehicles;
a plurality of second sensors associated with one or more structures;
a processor; and
memory storing computer-executable instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause a parking analysis computing device to:
receive, from the plurality of first sensors, data associated with at least one location of the one or more vehicles;
receive, from the plurality of second sensors, data associated with one or more potential parking locations;
receive, from a trip assignment server, an expected future trip for a first vehicle of the one or more vehicles; and
generate, based on the data associated with the at least one location of the one or more vehicles, based on the data associated with the one or more potential parking locations, and based on the expected future trip, a recommended first parking location for the first vehicle to park until the expected future trip;
generate, for the first vehicle, instructions to travel from a current location to the recommended first parking location; and
transmit, to the first vehicle, the instructions.

US Pat. No. 10,459,439

METHOD FOR PROVIDING AT LEAST ONE SPECIFIC VEHICLE STATE OF A VEHICLE

DR. ING. H.C. F. PORSCHE ...

1. A method for executing a vehicle function based on at least one vehicle state of a vehicle, the method comprising:acquiring, by a processor from at least one data source, a combination of basic parameter values, the combination of basic parameter values being values of a plurality of basic parameters of the vehicle;
determining, by the processor, a specific vehicle state corresponding to the acquired combination of basic parameter values by comparing the combination of acquired basic parameter values with a comparison list in which predefined combinations of basic parameter values are coupled with predefined vehicle states;
determining, by the processor, at least one vehicle function in a function queue that corresponds to the specific vehicle state by comparing the specific vehicle state to one or more vehicle functions in the function queue; and
clearing the at least one determined vehicle function in the function queue for execution,
wherein the at least one vehicle function in the function queue that corresponds to the specific vehicle state includes two or more functions that correspond to the specific vehicle state, and
clearing the at least one determined vehicle function in the function queue for execution includes clearing the two or more functions that correspond to the specific vehicle state according to a priority of the two or more functions,
wherein the priority of the two or more functions is established by assigning a priority value to each of the two or more functions,
wherein the acquired combination of basic parameter values includes a GPS signal value indicating that the vehicle is in a home location and an ignition status of off, and
wherein the specific vehicle state is a secure and parked vehicle state.

US Pat. No. 10,459,436

ASYMMETRIC SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE FOR FAIL-OPERATIONAL FUNCTIONS WITH LIMITED AVAILABILITY REQUIREMENTS

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A vehicle systems controller having an asymmetric system architecture, comprising:a primary controller having a memory unit containing a primary set of software applications and a processor configured to execute the primary set of software applications to generate primary command instructions, wherein the primary controller is configured to self-detect faults and fail-silent if a fault is detected;
a secondary controller having a memory unit containing a secondary set of software applications and a processor configured to execute the secondary set of software applications to generate secondary command instructions; and
a vehicle system having pre-identified vehicle functions, wherein the vehicle system is configured to simultaneously receive the primary and secondary command instructions while defaulting to the primary command instructions and switching to the secondary command instructions if the primary controller becomes fail-silent,
wherein the secondary set of software applications are a subset of the primary set of software applications and are employed for the continued operation of the pre-identified vehicle functions of the vehicle system;
wherein the vehicle systems controller is configured to generate an alert signal if the primary controller becomes fail-silent and shut down the operating secondary controller after the sooner of (i) receiving an input resulting from the alert signal and (ii) after a predetermined amount of time has lapsed from the time the primary controller becoming fail-silent,
wherein the secondary controller is configured to self-detect faults and fail-silent if a fault is detected, and wherein the vehicle systems controller is further configured to send an alert signal if the secondary controller fail-silent and shut down the operational primary controller after the sooner of (i) receiving an input resulting from the alert signal and (ii) after a predetermined amount of time has lapsed from the time the secondary controller becoming fail-silent,
wherein the vehicle systems controller is further configured to send an alert signal if both the primary and secondary controllers become fail-silent,
wherein the alert signal activates at least one of a visual alert and audio alert to alert the human driver of a vehicle systems controller fault and to instruct the human driver to take manual control of the vehicle, and
wherein the memory unit of the primary controller includes a sub-set of software applications that generates an output that has an extended time value that is greater than the predetermined amount of time, and the primary controller is configured to communicate the extended time value output to the secondary controller, and the secondary controller is further configured to communicate the extended time value output to the vehicle system.

US Pat. No. 10,459,433

CABLE PROCESSING EQUIPMENT

KOMAX HOLDING AG, Dierik...

1. A cable processing equipment having a plurality of processing stations for fitting-out a cable by performing processing processes on the cable and a central control unit directly controlling the processing stations to perform a production operation including the processing processes on the cable, comprising:a feed unit for feeding the cable to the processing stations;
at least one of the processing stations including a local control unit for performing a setting-up process on the at least one processing station by an operator operating the local control unit, wherein the setting-up process includes setting up parameters of the at least one processing station prior to a start of the production operation under the control of the central control unit; and
wherein the local control unit does not control the at least one processing station during the production operation;
wherein the at least one processing station is a crimping station for producing a crimp connection on the cable by a crimping press, and the local control unit has an input device including independent controls for setting an axial position and a horizontal position of a gripper receiving an end of the cable from the feed unit, the gripper holding the cable end of the cable in the crimping press;
wherein the local control unit includes a trigger input device for initializing the processing process by the at least one processing station and an approval input device for approval of whether the processing process is to be executed, and wherein the processing process is executed only when the trigger input device and the approval input device are actuated simultaneously or when the approval input device is actuated after the trigger input device is actuated;
wherein the approval input device is locally separated from the trigger input device sufficient to prevent simultaneous operation of the approval input device and the trigger input device by one human hand.

US Pat. No. 10,459,428

OPTIMAL CLOSED-LOOP INPUT DESIGN FOR IDENTIFICATION OF FLAT-SHEET PROCESS MODELS

Honeywell Limited, Missi...

1. A method of closed-loop identification of process models for the model predictive control (MPC) by a profile analyzer, of an industrial sheetmaking system having a plurality of actuators arranged in the cross-direction (CD) and a scanning sensor supported on a supporting frame wherein the profile analyzer manipulates the actuators to control the sheet parameters in a spatially distributed sheet process, the method comprises the steps of:(a) receiving from the scanning sensor, data indicative of the magnitude of a measured sheet property of the spatially-distributed sheet process;
(b) selecting by the profile analyzer a process model for the spatially-distributed sheet process wherein the process model is defined by a matrix;
(c) converting the matrix into a non-causal transfer function;
(d) converting the non-causal transfer function into a causal model that has an equivalent spectrum;
(e) using the causal model to design an optimal input spectrum for process excitation;
(f) transforming a frequency domain representation of the optimal input spectrum to a time domain realization which is a sequence of actuator movements;
(g) providing signals by the profile analyzer to the plurality of actuators, of the sequence of actuator movements and collecting data via the scanning sensor changes in cross-directional sheet properties due to the sequence of actuator movements to determine measured actuator response profiles;
(h) analyzing by the profile analyzer, the data to extract new model parameters; and
(i) using the new model parameters for selecting the process model.

US Pat. No. 10,459,427

NUMERIC CONTROLLER WITH NOTIFICATION OF A CAM SYSTEM IN THE EVENT OF A CHANGE IN THE SUBROUTINE

1. A method for operating a numeric controller using a subroutine executable by the numeric controller and generated by a CAM processor, said subroutine being configured to control a production machine and including subprogram calls which may be calls to subprograms having program statements that are stored as part of the subroutine or may be parameterized calls to subprograms having program statements that are stored independent of the subroutine, said method comprising the steps of:loading the subroutine into memory accessible to the numeric controller;
entering a command into the numerical controller that selects at least one program statement of the subroutine using an operator interface;
outputting a parameterized description of said selected program statement or of a sequence of program statements containing said selected program statement to the operator of the numeric controller using an operator interface;
inputting a change in the parameterized description to the numerical control unit using an operator interface;
storing a modified subroutine corresponding to the changed parameterized description in the numeric controller;
compulsorily sending a message that identifies the original subroutine and the change made therein to a predetermined address so that the CAM system that was used to create the subroutine can autonomously and automatically use the message to ascertain a data set underlying the original subroutine and to selectively modify the data set in accordance with the change that was made in the parameterized description as well as storing the modified subroutine in response to an update authorization decision provided by a CAM operator, the message that identifies the original subroutine and the change made in the parameterized description being in a form that is automatically evaluable.

US Pat. No. 10,459,417

AUTOMATION OPERATING AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Beet, LLC, Plymouth, MI ...

1. A system for controlling automation, the system comprising:a machine comprising:
a first controller;
a first element actuable by the first controller at machine start-up to perform a first cycle characterized by a first cycle time;
a second element actuable by the first controller at the machine start-up to perform a second cycle characterized by a second cycle time;
wherein the first cycle time is longer in duration than the second cycle time;
wherein the first controller, at the machine start-up, is configured to:
at the machine start-up, actuate the first element to perform the first cycle;
at the machine start-up, delay by a first delay time, actuation of the second element to perform the second cycle;
at a delayed start time relative to the machine start-up, actuate the second element to perform the second cycle such that performance of the second cycle is completed prior to completion of performance of the first cycle; and
wherein the sum of the duration of the first delay time and the second cycle time is less than the first cycle time.

US Pat. No. 10,459,409

ELECTRONICS TIMEPIECE, METHOD OF CONTROLLING LOCATION INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, AND STORAGE MEDIUM

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. An electronic timepiece, comprising:a clock that keeps a current time;
a radio wave receiver that receives radio waves transmitted from positioning satellites;
an operation receiving unit that receives input operations; and
a control unit,
wherein the control unit calculates, on the basis of the current time kept by the clock, a local time or local times in one or a plurality of setting regions including at least a current region in which the electronic timepiece is currently located,
wherein when the radio wave receiver performs reception operations that attempt to receive the radio waves, the control unit makes the radio wave receiver perform either one of a date and time reception process that attempts to obtain date and time information from the radio waves without obtaining additional information from the radio waves needed to determine a current location of the electronic timepiece or a positioning reception process that attempts to obtain all of information from the radio waves that is needed to determine the current location of the electronic timepiece,
wherein when the operation receiving unit receives a prescribed input operation that affects the current region and, if the prescribed input operation manually changes a current region setting, when the control unit is not set to prioritize said manually changed current region setting, the control unit makes the radio wave receiver perform the positioning reception process at least once before a prescribed location updating event that determines a current location of the electronic timepiece occurs, the prescribed location updating event being when the current location of the electronic timepiece is determined by a communication with an external device or by successfully performing the positioning reception process that occurs immediately or a prescribed time period after the reception of the prescribed input operation, whichever occurs first after the reception of the prescribed input operation, and
wherein when the prescribed location updating event occurs, the control unit makes the radio wave receiver stop the reception operations that attempt to receive the radio waves or the control unit makes the radio wave receiver perform only the date and time reception process when performing the reception operations until another prescribed input operation that affects the current region is received.

US Pat. No. 10,459,402

CARTRIDGE AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A cartridge mountable, along a predetermined mounting path, to a main assembly of the electrophotographic image forming apparatus including a photosensitive member on which a latent image is capable of being formed and including a main assembly driving shaft, wherein the cartridge is movable in the main assembly between a developing position at a terminal end of the mounting path and a retracted position retracted from the developing position in a direction different from the mounting path, the cartridge comprising:a developer carrying member capable of developing the latent image while being in contact with the photosensitive member when the cartridge is in the developing position; and
a coupling member capable of inclining relative to a rotational axis of the developer carrying member, wherein the coupling member is capable of taking (i) a reference attitude in which a drive transmission is capable from the main assembly driving shaft to the developer carrying member when the cartridge is in the developing position, (ii) an at-mounting attitude inclined relative to the rotational axis of the developer carrying member to engage with the main assembly driving shaft when the cartridge moves along the mounting path, and (iii) an at-spaced attitude inclined relative to the rotational axis of the developer carrying member in a direction different from that in the at-mounting attitude.

US Pat. No. 10,459,400

DEVELOPER SUPPLY CONTAINER AND DEVELOPER SUPPLYING SYSTEM

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A developer supply container comprising:a developer accommodating body configured to contain developer;
a developer discharging body in fluid communication with the developer accommodating body, the developer discharging body being positioned adjacent to a first end of the developer accommodating body, the developer discharging body having a discharge opening, the discharge opening being configured to form at least a part of a discharge passageway through which developer may be discharged to outside of the developer supply container, with an end of the discharge passageway being positioned at a bottommost side of the developer supply container, and with the developer accommodating body being rotatable about a rotational axis thereof relative to the developer discharging body,
wherein the developer accommodating body is provided with a gear portion provided about the rotational axis; and
a track provided at each of opposite sides of the developer discharging body, each track including (i) a first part ascending away from a bottom of the developer supply container as a distance to a second end of the developer accommodating body that is opposite from the first end of the developer accommodating body decreases and (ii) a second part extending from an end of the first part such that a plane perpendicular to the rotational axis and passing through the second part passes through the end of the discharge passageway when the discharge passageway through which developer is discharged to outside of the developer supply container is formed,
wherein a plane parallel to the rotational axis and passing through the second parts of the tracks is between the rotational axis and the discharge opening.

US Pat. No. 10,459,398

DEVELOPING CARTRIDGE HAVING ELECTRIC CONTACT SURFACE

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A developing cartridge attachable to an image forming apparatus, the developing cartridge comprising:a developing roller rotatable about a first axis extending in a first direction;
a housing configured to accommodate a developing agent, the housing being pivotable about the developing roller between a first position and a second position with respect to the image forming apparatus in a state where the developing roller is positioned at one end portion of the housing in a second direction and the developing cartridge is attached to the image forming apparatus; and
a storage medium including an electric contact surface, the electric contact surface being movable relative to the housing in response to the pivotal movement of the housing about the developing roller, the electric contact surface being out of contact with an electric connector of the image forming apparatus in a state where the housing is at the first position, the electric contact surface being in contact with the electric connector of the image forming apparatus in a state where the housing is at the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,459,388

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND RECORDING MATERIAL DETERMINATION APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming unit configured to form an image on a recording material;
only a single light source configured to emit light;
an image capturing unit configured to capture light emitted by the single light source and reflected by the recording material as a surface image including a plurality of pixels; and
a control unit configured to obtain a first feature quantity from differences among output values of a plurality of pixels arranged in a first direction out of the plurality of pixels included in the surface image captured by the image capturing unit, and obtain a second feature quantity from differences among output values of a plurality of pixels arranged in a second direction intersecting the first direction out of the plurality of pixels included in the surface image used to obtain the first feature quantity, determine a fiber direction with respect to a conveyance direction of the recording material by comparing the first feature quantity with the second feature quantity, and control an image forming condition of the image forming unit based on the determined fiber direction.

US Pat. No. 10,459,381

ENERGY SAVINGS IN AN IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a fixation member;
a pressurization member that is pressure-contacted with the fixation member;
a heat source that heats the fixation member;
a drive unit configured to provide a drive force to the fixation member;
a measurement unit configured to measure a load applied when the fixation member is driven; and
a control unit configured to cause the drive unit to temporarily drive the fixation member and cause the measurement unit to measure the load applied when the fixation member is temporarily driven, according to reception of an instruction to perform image forming processing, to cause the heat source to start heating the fixation member, as an operation prior to performing the image forming processing, after the load applied is measured, to cause the drive unit to start to drive the fixation member after a temperature of the fixation member reaches a first control temperature, if the load applied does not exceed a predetermined threshold and to cause the drive unit to start to drive the fixation member after the temperature of the fixation member reaches a second control temperature that is higher than the first control temperature, if the load applied exceeds the predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,459,380

HEAT REFLECTION USING REFLECTOR IN FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

TOSHIBA TEC KABUSHIKI KAI...

1. A fixing device comprising:a belt having a cylindrical shape;
a roller positioned to be in contact with an outer peripheral surface of the belt so as to form a nip between the roller and the belt;
a heater disposed within an inner circumference of the belt;
a reflector disposed within the inner circumference of the belt and in contact with the belt and configured to reflect heat generated by the heater toward an inner surface of the belt; and
a peeling unit configured to peel a sheet that has been fed into the nip and pressed against the belt by the roller,
wherein the reflector is in contact with an overhanging portion of the belt which is located adjacent to the peeling unit.

US Pat. No. 10,459,375

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a plurality of photosensitive members configured to bear a toner image, each photosensitive member having a surface layer containing acrylic resin; and
an intermediate transfer member configured to secondarily transfer the toner image having been primarily transferred from the plurality of photosensitive members onto a transfer material, the intermediate transfer member having a surface layer containing acrylic resin, wherein
a ten-point average roughness Rz of the surface layer of the intermediate transfer member is larger than a ten-point average roughness Rz of the surface layer of the photosensitive member.

US Pat. No. 10,459,372

BINARY INK DEVELOPER (BID) ASSEMBLY FOR LIQUID ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY (LEP) PRINTING DEVICE

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A binary ink developer (BID) assembly for a liquid electrophotography printer (LEP), comprising:a developer roller that is rotatable;
an electrically insulating exterior coating of the developer roller to receive ink from an ink supply and to transfer the received ink to a photoconductive imaging cylinder in accordance with an electrostatic image on the imaging cylinder, as the developer roller rotates; and
a charge roller in contact with the electrically insulating exterior coating to place a charge on the exterior coating prior to the exterior coating receiving the ink,
wherein the developer roller is not voltage-biased within the BID assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,459,369

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an apparatus body;
at least one image forming unit configured to form a toner image; and
a transfer unit configured to transfer the toner image onto a sheet,
wherein the image forming unit includes:
a photoreceptor drum rotated about a predetermined axis and having a peripheral surface that allows formation of an electrostatic latent image and supports the toner image corresponding to the electrostatic latent image;
a developing device configured to supply the photoreceptor drum with toner to visualize the electrostatic latent image in the toner image, the developing device including a toner replenishing port for internally receiving the toner; and
a toner replenishing unit disposed above the developing device and configured to replenish the developing device with the toner through the toner replenishing port,
the toner replenishing unit includes:
a first toner container extending along an axial direction of the photoreceptor drum and configured to store and discharge the toner;
a second toner container extending along the axial direction and configured to store and discharge the toner;
a first container mounting unit disposed with a space above the developing device in the apparatus body, the first container mounting unit allowing the first toner container to be mounted along the axial direction and receiving the first toner container;
a second container mounting unit disposed above the developing device and below the first container mounting unit in the apparatus body, the second container mounting unit allowing the second toner container to be mounted along the axial direction and receiving the second toner container; and
a toner conveyance unit configured to convey the toner discharged from the first toner container mounted in the first container mounting unit and the second toner container mounted in the second container mounting unit to the developing device.

US Pat. No. 10,459,368

POWDER DETECTOR, CONTROL METHOD OF SAME, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCORPORATING SAME

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A powder detector comprising:a driver to drive a motor;
a stirrer to stir powder in a vessel;
a vibration plate disposed in the vessel and vibrated by a flip of the stirrer rotated by the motor; and
circuitry configured to:
detect a vibration of the vibration plate;
estimate an amount of powder based on a detection result of the vibration; and
cause the driver to drive the motor from a starting point, so as to move the stirrer to a preset halt position, and cause the driver to stop drive of the motor before the stirrer has moved one complete rotation from the starting point, the starting point being a rotation angle of the motor at a time of detection of the vibration.

US Pat. No. 10,459,367

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING SUPPLY OF DEVELOPER

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a photoconductor;
a developing device including a developing roller configured to form a developer image on the photoconductor;
a developer storage storing developer;
a supplier configured to supply the developer from the developer storage to the developing device; and
a controller configured to, when performing a printing operation, execute
a developing process of developing an electrostatic latent image on the photoconductor,
a usage-amount obtaining process of obtaining a usage amount of the developer, the usage amount being an amount of the developer used in the developing process,
a first supplying process of supplying the developer stored in the developer storage to the developing device by operating the supplier by a first driving amount every time the usage amount becomes greater than or equal to a first threshold, and
a second supplying process of supplying the developer stored in the developer storage to the developing device by operating the supplier by a driving amount greater than the first driving amount when the usage amount of the developer from a time point of beginning of use of the developer storage becomes greater than or equal to a second threshold that is greater than the first threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,459,364

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS HAVING OPTICAL PRINT HEAD

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a photosensitive drum configured to be capable of rotating as to an apparatus main body;
an optical print head having a plurality of lenses from which light to expose the photosensitive drum is emitted;
a first rail formed on the optical print head along a longitudinal direction of the optical print head, the first rail being formed on one side of the optical print head in a perpendicular direction perpendicular to both the longitudinal direction of the optical print head and an optical axis direction of the lenses;
a second rail formed on the optical print head along a longitudinal direction of the optical print head, the second rail being formed on another side of the optical print head in the perpendicular direction; and
a guide portion into which a rod-shaped cleaning member is inserted from outside of the image forming apparatus, the guide portion guiding a move of the inserted cleaning member,
wherein the guide portion is provided as a body separate from the optical print head upstream of the first rail formed on the optical print head and the second rail formed on the optical print head in a direction of insertion of the cleaning member,
wherein the cleaning member includes
a rubbing portion that rubs and cleans light emission faces of the lenses,
a first engaging portion configured to restrict the rubbing portion from moving in a direction away from the light emission faces, by engaging the first rail and abutting the first rail from a side opposite to a side of the first rail at which the photosensitive drum is disposed, and
a second engaging portion configured to restrict the rubbing portion from moving in a direction away from the light emission faces, by engaging the second rail and abutting the second rail from a side opposite to a side of the second rail at which the photosensitive drum is disposed, and
wherein the cleaning member inserted into the guide portion moves in the direction of insertion while being guided by the guide portion, and the first engaging portion engages with the first rail in the direction of insertion and the second engaging portion engages with the second rail in the direction of insertion.

US Pat. No. 10,459,363

PRINTING EQUIPMENT, ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND TONER CARTRIDGE UNIT THEREOF

AVISION INC., Hsinchu (T...

1. A printing equipment, comprising:a electrophotographic apparatus including an OPC drum unit and a toner cartridge unit, the OPC drum unit has an organic photoconductor, a first memory and a first electrical connector, the first electrical connector is coupled to the organic photoconductor and the first memory, the toner cartridge unit has a developing roller, a second memory and a second electrical connector, the second electrical connector is coupled to the developing roller and the second memory, wherein the first electrical connector is contacted to the second electrical connector directly and physically; and
a host including a controller, a data carrier transporting module and a third electrical connector, the third electrical connector is coupled to the controller, wherein the third electrical connector is contacted to one of the first electrical connector or the second electrical connector directly and physically;
wherein the first electrical connector has a first surface and a second surface, the first surface is configured with conductive terminals, the second surface is configured with conductive pads, and the conductive terminals of the first surface are contacted to the second electrical connector directly and physically, the conductive pads of the second surface are contacted to the third electrical connector directly and physically.

US Pat. No. 10,459,362

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS HAVING A VOLTAGE SETTER FOR SETTING THE PROPER INTER-PEAK VOLTAGE VALUE

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a photoconductor including a photoconductive layer forming a surface for carrying an electrostatic latent image;
a charging member arranged in contact with or in proximity to the surface;
a voltage applier for charging the surface by applying an oscillating voltage obtained by superimposing a direct-current voltage and an alternating-current voltage to the charging member;
a storage unit for storing in advance relationship information representing a relationship between an electrical characteristic of discharge products adhering to the surface and a proper inter-peak voltage value which is an inter-peak voltage value of the alternating-current voltage capable of properly charging the surface;
a current detector for detecting a current value of a current flowing from the charging member to the photoconductor;
a characteristic deriver for deriving the electrical characteristic of the discharge products adhering to the surface on the basis of the oscillating voltage applied to the charging member by the voltage applier and the current value; and
a voltage setter for setting the proper inter-peak voltage value corresponding to the electrical characteristic derived by the characteristic deriver in the relationship information as the inter-peak voltage value of the alternating-current voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,459,360

TONER AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A toner comprising:a binder resin comprising a polyester resin;
a release agent comprising an ester wax which comprises a monoester wax comprising a straight-chain saturated monocarboxylic acid having 14 to 30 carbon atoms and a straight-chain saturated monovalent alcohol having 14 to 30 carbon atoms, wherein the ester wax has a dispersion diameter of from 0.1 to 0.5 ?m in a cross-section of the toner dyed with ruthenium; and
a wax dispersing agent comprising a hybrid resin, the hybrid resin comprising:
a condensation polymerization resin unit comprising a condensation polymerization product of an aromatic alcohol component and a carboxylic acid component, the carboxylic acid component comprising an aliphatic dicarboxylic acid having 9 to 14 carbon atoms; and
an addition polymerization resin unit comprising an addition polymerization product of a styrene monomer,
wherein the toner has an endothermic peak having an endothermic quantity of from 3 to 10 J/g and said endothermic peak arises from the ester wax.

US Pat. No. 10,459,353

LITHOGRAPHY SYSTEM WITH AN EMBEDDED CLEANING MODULE

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A lithography system, comprising:an exposing module configured to perform a lithography exposing process using a mask secured on a mask stage, wherein the mask stage includes a recess configured to expose a surface of the mask for cleaning; and
a cleaning module integrated in the exposing module and configured to clean the mask using an attraction mechanism, the cleaning module including a cleaning structure configured to introduce the attraction mechanism into the recess of the mask stage to clean the exposed surface of the mask secured thereupon;
wherein:
the cleaning structure includes a carrier substrate and the attraction mechanism is disposed on a top surface of the carrier substrate; and
the attraction mechanism includes a material with non-polar chains and polar compound.

US Pat. No. 10,459,352

MASK CLEANING

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. A lithography system comprising:a load lock chamber comprising an opening configured to receive a mask;
an exposure module configured to expose a semiconductor wafer to a light source through use of the mask; and
a cleaning module embedded inside the lithography tool, the cleaning module being configured to clean carbon particles from the mask;
wherein the cleaning module is integrated into the load lock chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,459,351

DEVICE FOR TRANSMITTING ELECTRICAL SIGNALS, AND LITHOGRAPHY APPARATUS

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. A device, comprising:an electrical conductor electrically connecting a first interface element to a second interface element, the first interface element arranged at a first structure, and the second interface element arranged at a second structure; and
a hollow body surrounding at least portions of the electrical conductor to electromagnetically shield the electrical conductor,
wherein:
the hollow body comprises first and second partial hollow bodies;
the first partial hollow body contacts the first section;
the first partial hollow body is electrically conductively connected to the first structure;
the second partial hollow body contacts the second structure;
the second partial hollow body is electrically conductively connected to the second structure;
the hollow body has a gap in an overlap section between the first and second partial hollow bodies; and
the gap is configured to permit relative movement between the first and second structures to mechanically decouple the first structure from the second structure.

US Pat. No. 10,459,330

HYBRID NANOCOMPOSITE MATERIALS, LASER SCANNING SYSTEM AND USE THEREOF IN VOLUMETRIC IMAGE PROJECTION

LUX IMAGE INC., Montreal...

1. A hybrid projection matrix, the matrix comprising a solid support transparent to light and a synergistic combination of at least two different types of particles inside of said solid support, wherein:a first type of particle is comprised of nano-emitting particles adapted to non-linearly absorb one or two photons and emit visible light; and
a second type of particle is comprised of one or more additives enhancing the non-linear absorption of the one or two photons and the emission of light visible by the nano-emitting particles, wherein said one or more additives is selected from the group consisting of gold nanoparticles, silver nanoparticles, semiconductor nanoparticles, nanocellulose, carbon nanotubes, two-dimensional materials, graphene, conductive polymers and semi-conductive polymers.

US Pat. No. 10,459,322

LIGHT SOURCE SYSTEM AND PROJECTOR

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. A light source system comprising:a light source unit;
an optical path switching device configured to selectively switch a direction of incident light from the light source unit between a plurality of emission directions different than the direction of the incident light;
a heat dissipating unit which is positioned in one of the plurality of emission directions, which is different from a direction towards a projection lens; and
a light transmitting member which separates a space in which the optical path switching device is disposed from a space formed by the heat dissipating unit,
wherein the space in which the optical path switching device is disposed and the space formed by the heat dissipating member are different tightly closed spaces on opposite sides of the light transmitting member.

US Pat. No. 10,459,315

ELECTRONIC APPARATUS FOR DISPLAYING OVERLAY IMAGES

KYOCERA Corporation, Kyo...

1. An electronic apparatus comprising:a camera, a sensor, a memory, a display, and at least one processor,
wherein the at least one processor is configured to
cause the display to display a preview image in which dynamic sensor information acquired by the sensor is overlaid on a captured image captured by the camera when a predetermined operation to start the overlay processing is performed,
display continuously the preview image in which the dynamic sensor information is overlaid on the captured image and start an operation to store the preview image in the memory when a predetermined operation to start the video image store processing is performed after causing the display to display the preview image,
end an operation to store the preview image in the memory when a predetermined operation to end the video image store processing is performed,
overlay route information of the electronic apparatus as the dynamic sensor information on the captured image, the route information being a history of location information of the electronic apparatus acquired by a location sensor at predetermined time intervals, and
overlay a downscaled image of the route information on the captured image when determining that the route information extends outside of a predetermined area on the display.

US Pat. No. 10,459,308

METHOD AND SYSTEM OF SELF-CONTAINED AND SELF-POWERED CONTROLLER

Furcifer Inc., Menlo Par...

1. An electrochromic system, comprising:one or more electrochromic devices, each electrochromic device comprising:
two glass layers;
two adhesive layers disposed on inner surfaces of the two glass layers;
an electrochromic film disposed between the two adhesive layers, the electrochromic film including an electrochromic material layer, a solid polymer electrolyte, and a charge storage layer, wherein the solid polymer electrolyte includes at least one electrolyte salt selected from the group consisting of: LiTFSI, LiPF6, LiBF4, LiClO4, LiCF3SO3, LiN(CF3SO2), LiSbFg, LiAsF6, LiN(CF3CF2SO2)2, (C2H5)4NBF4, (C2H5)3CH3NBF4, LiI, and combinations thereof;
a controller including a power converter, a signal receiver, and a power output, the power converter configured to receive power from a power source, the signal receiver configured to receive a control signal, and the power output coupled to the electrochromic film and configured to provide power to the electrochromic film to control optical state of the electrochromic film, wherein the power source is integrated with the controller, and includes an energy storage; and
a control device configured to send the control signal to the signal receiver, and
a central control device configured to globally control optical states of all of the one or more electrochromic devices.

US Pat. No. 10,459,306

OPTICAL ELEMENT

STANLEY ELECTRIC CO., LTD...

1. An optical element comprising:a first substrate that is optically transmissive;
a second substrate facing the first substrate;
a first electrode disposed on a surface of the first substrate, the surface facing the second substrate, the first electrode being a light-transmitting electrode;
a second electrode disposed on a surface of the second substrate, the surface facing the first substrate, the second electrode partially including insulating areas;
a seal frame member located between the first electrode and the second electrode, the seal frame member having a frame shape when viewed in a direction normal to the first substrate and the second substrate;
an electrolyte layer that fills a space defined by the first substrate, the second substrate, and the seal frame member, an optical state of the electrolyte layer being capable of changing due to an electrochemical reaction on a surface of the first electrode and a surface of the second electrode;
a first connection electrode disposed outside the seal frame member on the surface of the first substrate facing the second substrate, the first connection electrode being connected to the first electrode, the first connection electrode having a lower electrical resistivity than the first electrode; and
a second connection electrode disposed outside the seal frame member on the surface of the second substrate facing the first substrate, the second connection electrode being connected to the second electrode,
wherein, when viewed in the direction normal to the first substrate and the second substrate, in an area surrounded by the seal frame member, a proportion of the insulating areas of the second electrode included in an unit area relatively close to the first connection electrode is higher than that included in an unit area positioned in the middle of the seal frame member.

US Pat. No. 10,459,298

DISPLAY DEVICE, ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. An array substrate, comprising: an active area and a non-active area, wherein the active area being disposed with a plurality of scan lines and a plurality of data lines intersecting with the plurality of scan lines, and a plurality of pixel units formed by the intersecting plurality of scan lines and plurality of data lines; the non-active area being disposed with a driving circuit providing scan signals to the scan lines, wherein the driving circuit being disposed along an extension direction of the data lines so as to reduce area size of the non-active area along an extension direction of the scan lines to achieve narrowing border size;wherein the array substrate further comprises a plurality of first connection lines, for connecting the driving circuit and the scan lines; and
wherein the first connection lines and the scan lines are disposed at the same layer, and the first connection lines and the data lines are disposed in parallel;
the array substrate further comprises second connection lines, and the second connection lines are disposed above the scan lines and the first connection lines;
each first connection line is electrically connected to a pre-set scan line; except the scan line farthest away from the driving circuit, the other scan lines are broken at the crossing with the first connection lines not connected to the scan lines themselves, and two ends of the broken scan lines are connected by the second connection lines.

US Pat. No. 10,459,294

METHOD FOR ORIENTATION OF LIQUID CRYSTALS IN MICRO/NANO REGION ON BASIS OF LASER DIRECT WRITING AND SYSTEM THEREOF

NANKAI UNIVERSITY, Tianj...

1. A method for orientation of liquid crystals, the method comprising the steps of:preparing a sample being comprised of a substrate with a substrate plane and polymerizable organics spin-coated on said substrate;
building a micro/nano structure,
wherein said step of building said micro/nano structure comprises the steps of:
laser direct writing said sample,
wherein said step of laser direct writing comprises:
continuously changing a position of a laser spot of a laser relative to said polymerizable organics; and
polymerizing a portion of said polymerizable organics consistent with movement trajectory of said laser spot so as to form a plurality of polymer strips arranged in parallel to each other in one direction and perpendicular to said substrate plane, each polymer strip having side walls, and so as to form polymerized and unpolymerized portions on said substrate; and
removing said unpolymerized portions so as to form said micro/nano structure with fine structures on respective side walls of said polymer strips,
wherein height of each polymer strip is greater than 2.0 microns; and
injecting liquid crystals into said micro/nano structure with fine structures so as to perform self-orientation of said liquid crystals parallel to said one direction of said polymer strips, said liquid crystals separating into a plurality of liquid crystal portions between adjacent polymer strips, each liquid crystal portion being separate from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,459,287

DISMANTLING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DISMANTLING BLACKLIGHT UNIT

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A dismantling device, comprising:a supporting table comprising a supporting face which is configured for supporting an object to be dismantled thereon;
a linear cutting portion, provided on the supporting face, and configured to be movable with respect to the supporting table so as to apply a cutting force on a bonding portion of the object to be dismantled along a plane where the bonding portion is located,
wherein the linear cutting portion comprises two ends and a cutting line between the two ends, and at least one of which is provided on the supporting table; a supporting portion provided at a side of the supporting table;
at least one opening is formed between the supporting portion and the supporting table, or the supporting portion comprises at least one opening, an extension direction of the at least one opening is parallel to the supporting face;
the cutting line of the line cutting portion is configured to be able to enter the at least one opening and pass through the same in use with a movement direction of the cutting line in the at least one opening being parallel to the extension direction of the at least one opening;
the object to be dismantled is a liquid crystal module comprising a liquid crystal panel and a backlight unit that are placed oppositely and connected with each other by a bonding portion, and a flexible printed circuit (FPC) board connected to a side of the liquid crystal panel, and
the supporting portion comprises an FPC-end supporting portion configured for placing the flexible printed circuit board of the liquid crystal module thereon, and the FPC-end supporting portion comprises a supporting pole supported on the supporting table; and
the FPC-end supporting portion comprises a slant-face supporting structure used for placement of the flexible printed circuit board, and the slant-face supporting structure is provided at the side of the FPC-end supporting portion away from the supporting table.

US Pat. No. 10,459,286

DISPLAY DEVICE WITH QUANTOM RODS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A display device comprising:a light source generating light;
a lightguide plate configured to change a path of the light generated from the light source and output the light toward a front surface of the display device;
a first polarizing plate arranged on the lightguide plate and configured to generate first polarized light;
a liquid crystal panel arranged on the first polarizing plate and configured to display an image by using the first polarized light;
a second polarizing plate arranged on the liquid crystal panel and configured to generate second polarized light; and
a quantum rod layer arranged on the second polarizing plate, contacted with the second polarizing plate, divided into a plurality of pixels, and containing quantum rods in at least one of the plurality of pixels,
wherein a polarizing axis of the second polarized light is perpendicular to a polarizing axis of polarized light emitted by the quantum rod layer.

US Pat. No. 10,459,285

POLARIZED RGB LIGHT SOURCE

Konica Minolta Laboratory...

1. A device for producing polarized light, the device comprising:a plurality of photonic crystal grid structures on a substrate, the plurality of photonic crystal grid structures comprising one or more structured regions for the transmission of polarized blue light, one or more structured regions for the transmission of polarized green light, and one or more structured regions for the transmission of polarized red light;
a green quantum dot layer substantially positioned on the one or more structured regions for the transmission of polarized green light;
a red quantum dot layer substantially positioned on the one or more structured regions for the transmission of polarized red light;
a high refractive index film disposed over the plurality of photonic crystal grid structures on the substrate and the green and red quantum dot layers; and
a blue light emitting diode array disposed on the polarized light device such that the emission from the blue light emitting diode array facilitates the emission of red and green light from the red and green quantum dot layers.

US Pat. No. 10,459,283

DISPLAY DEVICE

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. A display device comprising:a transparent liquid crystal panel configured such that an object arranged at a rear surface of the transparent liquid crystal panel is visible from a front surface of the transparent liquid crystal panel, and configured to present an image;
a first polarizer arranged on one of: the front surface of the transparent liquid crystal panel; and the rear surface of the transparent liquid crystal panel;
a first light source;
a light guide element arranged at the other of: the front surface of the transparent liquid crystal panel; and the rear surface of the transparent liquid crystal panel, the light guide element formed from a transparent material and directing light from the first light source toward the transparent liquid crystal panel;
a second polarizer arranged between: the light guide element and the transparent liquid crystal panel; or the light guide element and the first light source, and arranged to not block at least a portion of light reflected from the object passing through the light guide element such that a polarization plane of the light from the first light source and a polarization plane of the light reflected from the object are mutually orthogonal; and
a controller configured to perform operations comprising controlling the transparent liquid crystal panel by applying a voltage to the transparent liquid crystal panel to rotate, on a per-pixel basis, a polarization plane of light passing through the transparent liquid crystal panel so that at least a portion of the light from the first light source entering the transparent liquid crystal panel via the second polarizer is transmitted through the first polarizer to present the image, and at least a portion of the light reflected from the object is transmitted through the first polarizer.

US Pat. No. 10,459,279

ARRAY SUBSTRATE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display panel, comprising an array substrate and a color filter substrate which are arranged oppositely,wherein the array substrate comprises light-transmission regions and non-transmission regions, each of the light-transmission regions comprises a blue light filtering layer which comprises semiconductor nano particles to absorb blue light with a wavelength smaller than 450 nm, the blue light filtering layer is not arranged in the non-transmission regions, and the semiconductor nano particles are carbon-doped titanium dioxide.

US Pat. No. 10,459,278

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A display device having an alignment structure, the display device, comprising:a lower substrate layer having an upper surface at a first height;
a plurality of subpixels layers positioned on the lower substrate layer, the subpixel layers including a plurality of layers of different materials and having an upper subpixel layer having an upper surface at a second height;
a keyhole positioned within the subpixel layers, the keyhole including a recess that exposes the upper surface at the first height of the lower substrate layer; and
a fine alignment key layer positioned within the keyhole, the fine alignment key layer being comprised of at least one material layer positioned within the recess, the at least one material layer having an exposed upper surface at a third height that is less than the second height and greater than the first height, the alignment structure exposing the lower substrate layer, the upper subpixel layer and the fine alignment key layer with each having different heights of upper surfaces exposed during alignment.

US Pat. No. 10,459,274

PORTABLE DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device comprising:a display panel having a first substrate, a polarizer, and a semiconductor chip,
a touch panel being on the display panel,
a front cover on the touch panel, and
a first adhesive material disposed between the display panel and the touch panel,
wherein the touch panel and the polarizer of the display panel are adhered by the first adhesive material,
wherein the semiconductor chip mounts on an edge region of the first substrate,
wherein the second substrate and the polarizer are stacked on the first substrate in this order and are in contact with each other,
wherein the front cover has a first portion that does not overlap with the polarizer,
wherein the first portion overlaps with the semiconductor chip, and
wherein a height of a top surface of the semiconductor chip from the first substrate is smaller than a height of a top surface of the polarizer from the first substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,459,273

IN-CELL TOUCH LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. An in-cell touch liquid crystal display device, comprising:a lower array substrate;
an upper array substrate that is on and faces the lower array substrate, and has an area greater than an area of the lower array substrate;
a gate line and a data line that are on an inner surface of the upper array substrate and cross each other to define a pixel region;
a thin film transistor on the inner surface of the upper array substrate;
a planarization layer that is on the inner surface of the upper array substrate having the thin film transistor, and exposes a part of a drain electrode of the thin film transistor;
a common electrode on the planarization layer;
a passivation layer that is on the planarization layer and exposes the part of the drain electrode;
a touch line on the passivation layer;
an inter-layered insulating layer that is on the passivation layer, covers the touch line, and exposes the part of the drain electrode, the touch line and the common electrode;
a plurality of pixel electrodes that are on the inter-layered insulating layer, overlap the common electrode, and are connected to the drain electrode; and
a connection line connecting the touch line and the common electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,459,266

DISPLAY MODULE, DISPLAY APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME, AND FABRICATING METHOD THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display module, comprising: a display substrate having a display area and a peripheral area surrounding the display area; a packaging cover facing the display substrate; and a mold frame configured to receive the display substrate and the packaging cover; wherein the mold frame comprises a main body and a protrusion protruding away from an inner surface of the mold frame, the protrusion is between the display substrate and the packaging cover; the packaging cover has a recess in an area corresponding to the protrusion for receiving the protrusion; the recess and the protrusion complementarily match each other; and the protrusion has a first surface abutting the peripheral area of the display substrate and a second surface opposite to the first surface, the second surface abutting a surface of the recess; wherein the protrusion partitions the inner surface into a first portion and a second portion; the display module further comprising: a sealant between the first portion of the inner surface and the display substrate, and a sealant between the second portion of the inner surface and the packaging cover, for sealing the display substrate and the packaging cover together and encapsulating display elements therebetween.

US Pat. No. 10,459,258

META OPTICAL DEVICE AND METHOD OF DESIGNING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of designing a meta optical device, the method comprising:setting, via a processor, design data for arrangement and shape dimensions of a nanostructure of the meta optical device, according to a function to be implemented by the meta optical device;
obtaining a phase change graph with respect to a change in the shape dimensions;
setting a shape dimension region with phase defect in the phase change graph; and
substituting a shape dimension with phase defect, which is included in the shape dimension region with phase defect among the dimensions included in the design data, with a substitution value that is outside the shape dimension region with phase defect.

US Pat. No. 10,459,256

METHOD AND SYSTEM TO CREATE CUSTOM, USER-SPECIFIC EYEWEAR

Bespoke, Inc., San Franc...

1. A computer-implemented method for creating a model of an individual-specific eyewear product, using a computer system, the method comprising:receiving, over an electronic network, and classifying one or more facial feature characteristics of users in a population of users;
storing an association between the classified one or more facial feature characteristics and at least one eyewear design attribute;
receiving, over an electronic network, or computing an individual-specific characteristic from image data of an individual outside of the population of users;
predicting an individual-specific eyewear design attribute for the individual based on the individual-specific characteristic and the stored association;
determining a first model of an eyewear product selected for the individual based on the predicted individual-specific eyewear design attribute, the first model comprising a solid model or a surface model of the eyewear product;
determining one or more configurable features of a geometry of a frame of the first model of the eyewear product;
quantifying at least a surface or a contour of an anatomic feature of the individual based on the image data of the individual;
generating a second model of the eyewear product by shaping a surface or a contour of the first model of the eyewear product to match the quantified surface or quantified contour of the anatomic feature of the individual while maintaining one or more parametric constraints on the geometry of the second model, the second model comprising a solid model or a surface model of the eyewear product; and
generating instructions for manufacturing the individual-specific eyewear product based on the second model.

US Pat. No. 10,459,252

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROTECTING A USER FROM BLUE LIGHT RADIATION

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An apparatus for protecting a user's eye from blue light radiation, comprising:a radiation detector configured to convert blue light from a light source into a photo voltage having a voltage value;
a processor coupled to the radiation detector and configured to calculate a cumulative radiation intensity based on the voltage value cumulated over a time interval, and to compare the cumulative radiation intensity with a threshold value;
an electrochromic layer configured to adjustably block at least a portion of blue light from the user's eye when the cumulative radiation intensity exceeds the threshold value; and
a controller coupled to the processor and the electrochromic layer, configured to adjustably control blocking of at least a portion of blue light from the user's eye when the cumulative radiation intensity exceeds the threshold value, and configured to adjustably control a degree of blue light blocking of the electrochromic layer between a first light blocking degree, and a second light blocking degree higher than the first light blocking degree;
wherein the processor is configured to generate an adjustment value; and
the controller is configured to adjust the degree of blue light blocking of the electrochromic layer based on the adjustment value;
wherein the adjustment value is generated based on at least one of:
(1) a product of a first factor associated with an angle of incidence of the blue light received at a location of the electrochromic layer corresponding to a maximum photo voltage detected by the radiation detector, and a second factor associated with a voltage value of the maximum photo voltage;
(2) a sum of the second factor, and a third factor associated with a distance between the user and a location of the electrochromic layer corresponding to the maximum photo voltage detected by the radiation detector; or
(3) a sum of (a) the third factor, and (b) a product of the second factor, and a fourth factor associated with an angle of exit of the blue light at the location of the electrochromic layer corresponding to the maximum photo voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,459,248

UV CURABLE COATING COMPOSITIONS FOR IMPROVED ABRASION RESISTANCE

Essilor International, C...

1. An ophthalmic article comprising:a first coating comprising an abrasion resistant coating comprising at least one flexible material having a glass transition temperature ranging from ?150° C. to 25° C., wherein the abrasion resistant coating is radiation-cured; and
a second coating comprising a sputter-applied anti-reflective (AR) coating,wherein the ophthalmic article has a Bayer value of at or between 1.25 and 2.6 and a hand steel wool value of 3 or less.

US Pat. No. 10,459,247

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING AN OPHTHALMIC LENS COMPRISING A MARKING STEP FOR PRODUCING PERMANENT TECHNICAL MARKS ON SAID OPHTHALMIC LENS

ESSILOR INTERNATIONAL, C...

1. A method for manufacturing an ophthalmic lens, the method comprising:a marking operation for producing technical permanent marks on said ophthalmic lens that exhibits a body, a first face, and a second face opposite to said first face, the first face and the second face respectively defining a first optical surface and a second optical surface, the marking operation comprising
additively manufacturing said body and said first and second faces, by depositing a plurality of first predetermined volume elements of a first material having a first complex refractive index, to obtain said first and second optical surfaces, and
additively manufacturing said technical permanent marks by depositing, during said depositing the plurality of said first predetermined volume elements of said first material, at least one second predetermined volume element of a second material having a second complex refractive index different from said first complex refractive index of said first material, the technical permanent marks being located in a zone of the ophthalmic lens passing through a horizontal axis, on either side and at an equal distance from a reference point,
wherein the technical permanent marks are characteristic of an optical reference system to be provided to said ophthalmic lens and are located in said ophthalmic lens in a determined position dependent on said first and second optical surfaces,
the technical permanent marks are additively formed in a plurality of successive and superposed layers of the first material, wherein at least two of the technical permanent marks are in a same layer, and
the first face and the second face are curved, the first face being convex and the second face being concave, the plurality of superposed layers between the first face and the second face being flat layers in a direction perpendicular to a vertical axis passing through the first face and the second face.

US Pat. No. 10,459,246

FLEXIBLE HINGE WITH A TENSION SPRING

OKIA OPTICAL CO., LTD., ...

1. A flexible hinge comprising:a) a tension spring (1) having two ends (11) and (12);
b) a sliding element (2) having a first segment (23), a second segment (24), and an ending (26) between the first segment (23) and the second segment (24), wherein there is an opening (22) near the end of one of the first and second segments, and wherein the opening (22) is configured to engage with one end of the tension spring (1);
c) a sliding element guide (3) comprising a third segment (35), a fourth segment (36), a middle segments (34) between the third segment (35) and the fourth segment (36), and a pair of slots (33A) and (33B) in the middle segment (34), wherein the pair of slots (33A) and (33B) are configured to allow the first and second segments of the sliding element (2) to slide through, and wherein there is a first guide opening (31) and a second guide opening (32) in the third segment (35) and the fourth segment (36) respectively;
d) a spring tensioner (4) having a spring fixing device at one end configured to engage with the other end of the tension spring (1);
e) a stop (5) for stopping the longitudinal movement of the sliding element (2), wherein the stop (5) passes through the first guide opening (31) and second guide opening (32) in the sliding element guide (3);
f) a fastener (6); and
g) a bearing shield (7) having a pair of bearing shield openings (71) and (72), wherein the fastener (6) goes through the bearing shield openings (71) and (72) and the ending (26) to engage the bearing shield (7) with the rest of the flexible hinge.

US Pat. No. 10,459,245

FLEXIBLE TEMPLE STRUCTURE

1. A flexible temple structure comprising a lens surface, a frame surroundingly provided on the periphery of said lens surface, and two temples respectively connected to two ends of said frame, two sides of said lens surface being defined as a front face and a back face, characterized in that said flexible temple structure comprises:two first connecting portions respectively provided on each of two corresponding ends of said frame, each of said first connecting portions comprising a main body provided toward the back face of said lens surface, a projecting block extending toward the back face of said lens surface from said main body, and a shaft post radially provided on two ends of said projecting block; and
two second connecting portions individually provided at one end of each of said temples, each of said second connecting portions comprising an embedded mouth, an accommodating space communicated with said embedded mouth, and a guide slot provided at two sides of said accommodating space, said guide slot comprising a fastening section, and a securing section connected with one end, away from said embedded mouth, of said fastening section, wherein an opening of said fastening section is opened perpendicularly to said embedded mouth, and a width of said opening of said fastening section is narrowed gradually in a direction toward said securing section;
wherein said projecting block and said shaft post sequentially enter said accommodating space and said guide slot through said embedded mouth, an appropriate resistance force is provided by said fastening section to allow said shaft post being operably retained in said securing section and said shaft post being pivoted in said securing section.

US Pat. No. 10,459,242

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CAPTURING AN IMAGE OF A TARGET OBJECT

MBDA Deutschland GmbH, S...

1. A method for capturing an image of a distant moving target object illuminated by an illumination laser comprising:splitting a pulsed laser beam emitted by the illumination laser into an illumination beam and a partial beam between the illumination laser and an illumination optics unit;
illuminating the target object by means of the illumination beam, which illumination beam is directly aimed at the target object by the illumination optics unit;
receiving illumination beam laser light reflected from the target object by a receiving optics unit arranged separately from the illumination optics unit;
directing received reflected illumination beam laser light to an image capturing device to generate an image of the target object on the image capturing device;
detecting an angular offset of the image of the target object with respect to a reference axis of the receiving optics unit;
stabilizing a visual axis of the image capturing device detected by imaging of the target object by a first optical correcting element of the receiving optics unit that compensates for the angular offset;
wherein, for stabilize imaging of the target object, the method further comprises:
delaying the partial beam in an optical delay device;
illuminating the target object by means of the partial beam that is directed at the target object by the receiving optics unit;
receiving partial beam laser light which is reflected by the target object and which defines a reference wavefront by the receiving optics unit;
decoupling received reflected partial beam laser light from light that is received by the receiving optics unit;
directing decoupled reflected partial beam laser light to a wavefront sensor;
detecting a wavefront error in the received reflected partial beam laser light; and
fine tuning the receiving optics unit to compensate for the wavefront error by means of a second optical correcting element of the receiving optics unit,
wherein said decoupling the received reflected partial beam laser light from the light that is received by the receiving optics unit is carried out by Pockels cells that are actuated synchronously to assure clocking of the pulsed laser beam emitted by the illumination laser.

US Pat. No. 10,459,241

IMAGING APPARATUS AND METHODS USING DIFFRACTION-BASED ILLUMINATION

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. An apparatus comprising:a diffraction grating to redirect light from a light source toward a sample supported on a planar surface to thereby illuminate an area of the sample, the diffraction grating to be substantially parallel to the planar surface and aligned with the area of the sample when the light is redirected; and
an image sensor to detect a diffraction pattern created by the illuminated sample the image sensor to be substantially parallel to the planar surface and aligned with the area of the sample when the light is redirected by the diffraction grating.

US Pat. No. 10,459,237

SYSTEM, HEAD MOUNTED DEVICE (HMD) AND METHOD FOR ADJUSTING A POSITION OF AN HMD WORN BY A USER

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. A method, comprising:receiving data from an eye tracking system of a head mounted device (HMD) worn by a user, wherein the data is generated by the eye tracking system in response to the user gazing upon a virtual image plane of the HMD;
using the received data to calculate a distance between the virtual image plane of the HMD and a pupil plane of the user;
adjusting a physical position of a pad and/or an optical assembly of the HMD with respect to the user based on the calculated distance; and
controlling a stepper motor to extend the pad and/or the optical assembly toward or away from the user to adjust the physical position of the pad and/or the optical assembly of the HMD with respect to the user.

US Pat. No. 10,459,233

VIRTUAL IMAGE DISPLAY WITH CURVED LIGHT PATH

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A display comprising:a projector configured to provide light of a virtual image;
a waveguide into which the light of the virtual image is injected at an injection angle by the projector, wherein the waveguide is configured to emit the light at a point established by the injection angle; and
a volume grating disposed along a planar extraction section of the waveguide and configured to redirect the light of the virtual image;
wherein the waveguide constrains the light of the virtual image through total internal reflection along a curved path for the light between the projector and the volume grating.

US Pat. No. 10,459,228

HEAD WEARABLE DISPLAY USING POWERLESS OPTICAL COMBINER

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. An optical apparatus for a head wearable display, comprising:a lightguide to receive, at a first side of the lightguide, display light having an initial cross-section size into the lightguide and guide the display light down the lightguide, wherein the lightguide includes a first plurality of reflective optical elements that redirect the display light out of a second side of the lightguide with an expanded cross-section size that is larger than the initial cross-section size, wherein the first plurality of reflective optical elements comprise a linear array of planar surfaces offset from each other and obliquely oriented relative to the second side; and
an optical combiner separate from, and obliquely oriented relative to, the lightguide, the optical combiner to combine the display light having the expanded cross-section with ambient scene light, the optical combiner including:
an ambient scene side;
an eye-ward side; and
a second plurality of reflective optical elements that pass at least a portion of the ambient scene light incident along an eye-ward direction on the ambient scene side through to the eye-ward side and redirect the display light having the expanded cross-section and incident on the eye-ward side to the eye-ward direction, wherein the second plurality of reflective optical elements comprise a linear array of planar surfaces offset from each other and obliquely oriented relative to the ambient and eye-ward sides, and wherein the second plurality of reflective optical elements are substantially without lensing power.

US Pat. No. 10,459,227

METHOD OF VISUALLY OUTPUTTING TO A WORKER DURING AN OPERATION A NUMBER OF PARAMETERS PERTAINING TO THE OPERATION, AND ASSOCIATED APPARATUS

Westinghouse Electric Com...

1. A method of visually outputting to a worker during the performance of an operation that is being performed at least in part by the worker a number of visible indicia that are continually updated and that are representative of a number of parameters that pertain to the operation, the method comprising:periodically receiving a number of inputs from a number of detectors;
periodically employing at least some of the inputs of the number of inputs to determine a value for each of at least a subset of parameters of the number of parameters; and
depicting the number of visible indicia on an electronic visual display that is situated on the worker and is disposed proximate an eye of the worker, the number of visible indicia being representative of the value that corresponds with each parameter of at least some of the parameters of the at least subset.

US Pat. No. 10,459,224

HIGH TRANSMITTANCE EYEWEAR FOR HEAD-UP DISPLAYS

HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL I...

1. An optical device for displaying a pulsed right eye display image and a pulsed left eye display image over a forward scene that is observable through a windscreen, comprising:a first lens assembly having a transmittance versus time and configured to optically receive the pulsed right eye image and the pulsed left eye image and to cycle between absorbing the pulsed left eye image and transmitting the pulsed right eye image;
a second lens assembly having a transmittance versus time and configured to optically receive the pulsed right eye image and the pulsed left eye image and to cycle between absorbing the pulsed right eye image and transmitting the pulsed left eye image;
wherein the first and second lens assemblies comprise crossed dichroic guest-host liquid crystal lenses;
wherein each lens assembly includes a switchable retardation layer that is located between two switchable polarizers, wherein the switchable retardation layer is switchable between a nominal half-wave retardance and zero retardance and where a retardation axis of the retardation layer is oriented at 45 degrees between axes of two switchable polarizers to increase transmittance of the lens assembly; and
wherein the first lens assembly having a transmittance versus time has an average transmittance greater than 50 percent, and the second lens assembly having a transmittance versus time has an average transmittance greater than 50 percent.

US Pat. No. 10,459,222

SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND METHODS FOR VARIABLE LUMINANCE IN WEARABLE HEADS-UP DISPLAYS

North Inc., Kitchener, O...

1. A method of operating a laser projector with variable luminance, wherein the laser projector includes at least one laser diode and a liquid crystal element with a controller communicatively coupled thereto, the method comprising:generating a laser light by the at least one laser diode;
receiving the laser light from the at least one laser diode by the liquid crystal element;
modulating an opacity of the liquid crystal element by the controller; and
attenuating a luminance of the laser light by the opacity of the liquid crystal element.

US Pat. No. 10,459,217

OPTICAL SCANNING APPARATUS HAVING PIVOTING REFLECTOR AND PIEZOELECTRIC ELEMENT

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An optical scanning apparatus comprising:a reflector that includes a reflective surface reflecting a light beam, the reflective surface perpendicular to a thickness direction, the reflective surface having a first direction and a second direction perpendicular to the first direction;
torsion beams between which the reflector is centered, the torsion beams extending from the reflector to opposite sides of the reflector in the first direction, respectively, the torsion beams enabling the reflector to pivot about an axis parallel to the first direction;
coupling portions disposed at opposite sides in the first direction, the coupling portions opposing each other across the reflector,
each of the coupling portions including
(i) a central portion having a U-shape including a bottom portion and two projection portions, the central portion opening toward the reflector when viewing the reflective surface from above in the thickness direction,
the bottom portion of the U-shape being joined to an end of the torsion beam, the end of the torsion beam being opposite to an end of the torsion beam joined to the reflector,
the two projection portions of the U-shape opposing each other to sandwich the torsion beam, and
(ii) opposite end portions that respectively extend in the second direction outwardly from opposite ends of the central portion in the second direction; and
supporting portions disposed at opposite sides in the second direction, the supporting portions opposing each other across the reflector,
each of the supporting portions extending between opposite ends in the first direction,
each of the supporting portions being joined to each of opposite ends of the coupling portion in the second direction,
wherein:
the central portion of the coupling portion is provided with first concave portions opposing each other in the projection portions of the U-shape, each projection portion having (i) a side surface facing the torsion beam and (ii) an opposite side surface opposite to the side surface facing the torsion beam in the second direction,
each first concave portion having a concaved shape being concaved by penetrating the coupling portion in the thickness direction perpendicular to the reflective surface,
each first concave portion having an opening to the side surface facing the torsion beam and extending from the opening towards the opposite side surface in the second direction up to a bottom, when viewing the reflective surface from above in the thickness direction;
a distance in the second direction between, of the concaved shapes of the first concave portions in the coupling portion, the bottoms opposing each other across the torsion beam is set greater than a distance in the second direction between, of the two projection portions of the U-shape, the side surfaces facing the torsion beam opposing each other across the torsion beam;
the central portion of the coupling portion is provided with a second concave portion in a portion closer to the reflector than the first concave portion in the first direction,
the second concave portion having a concaved shape being concaved by penetrating the coupling portion in the thickness direction perpendicular to the reflective surface,
the second concave portion
opening to the opposite side surface of each projection portion of the central portion and
extending towards the side surface facing the torsion beam;
a piezoelectric element configured by laminating a lower electrode, a piezoelectric film, and an upper electrode is formed to a surface of a portion ranging from each of the opposite end portions to the central portion, the portion being closer to the reflector than the second concave portion in the first direction; and
the piezoelectric element is formed up to a tip end of the central portion, the tip end adjacent to the torsion beam.

US Pat. No. 10,459,211

RESONANT SCANNER INTEROPERATION WITH MOVABLE STAGE

1. A system for scanning tissue, comprising:a resonant scanner that is configured for optical scanning of a specimen, and wherein a direction of said optical scanning is performed within an oscillating pattern that cycles in between two extreme locations that define a line that is substantially parallel to a first axis;
a stage that is configured to move in at least one direction, said direction being substantially parallel to a second axis that is perpendicular to said first axis, and wherein said stage is configured to move at a velocity in accordance with control signals that are received by said stage;
a set of electronics that is configured to obtain a frequency of resonance over time of said resonant scanner, and wherein said set of electronics controls a velocity of movement of said stage over time, via communication of said control signals to said stage in response to said frequency of resonance over time.

US Pat. No. 10,459,210

OPTICAL ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD FOR IMAGING A SAMPLE

EUROPEAN MOLECULAR BIOLOG...

1. An optical arrangement for imaging a sample comprising:at least one first objective lens and at least one second objective lens;
at least one illumination source for producing an illumination beam;
a detector for imaging radiation from the sample; and
at least one movable mirror being movable between at least a first position and a second position;
wherein the at least one movable mirror reflects in the first position one of the illumination beam and the radiation, or both of the illumination beam and the radiation; and
the at least one movable mirror reflects in the second position the other of the illumination beam and the radiation, or neither of the illumination beam and the radiation;
wherein, depending on the at least one movable mirror being in the first position or the second position, the illumination beam is directed through one of the first objective lens and the second objective lens, and the radiation is directed through the other of the first objective lens and the second objective lens.

US Pat. No. 10,459,209

METHOD AND MICROSCOPE FOR EXAMINING A SAMPLE

LEICA MICROSYSTEMS CMS GM...

1. A method for examining a sample, the method comprising:simultaneously illuminating the sample in a plurality of different sample planes using respective illumination light beams along respective illumination lines;
scanning each sample region illuminated along an illumination line of the illumination lines by a separate detection point spread function (PSF); and
detecting a detection light emanating from the illuminated sample regions simultaneously and in a spatially separate manner,
wherein a spacing between two adjacent illumination lines of the illumination lines is greater than a sum of a respective illumination light beam radius of an illumination light beam of the illumination light beams and a radius of the adjacent detection PSF in a respective sample plane of the illumination beam.

US Pat. No. 10,459,204

OPTICAL IMAGING LENS

GENIUS ELECTRONIC OPTICAL...

1. An optical imaging lens, sequentially comprising a first lens element, a second lens element, a third lens element, a fourth lens element, a fifth lens element, a sixth lens element, and a seventh lens element along an optical axis from an object side to an image side, each of the lens elements having an object-side surface facing toward the object side and allowing imaging rays to pass through and an image-side surface facing toward the image side and allowing the imaging rays to pass through, and the seven lens elements described above being the only lens elements having refracting power in the optical imaging lens,wherein:
the first lens element has positive refracting power, and a periphery region of the image-side surface of the first lens element is concave,
an optical axis region of the image-side surface of the second lens element is concave,
a periphery region of the object-side surface of the third lens element is concave,
a periphery region of the image-side surface of the fifth lens element is convex,
an optical axis region of the image-side surface of the sixth lens element is concave, and
the optical imaging lens meets conditions as follows:
V5+V6+V7?150.000;
(G67+G23)/(T6+T4)?1.200,
wherein V5 is an Abbe number of the fifth lens element, V6 is an Abbe number of the sixth lens element, V7 is an Abbe number of the seventh lens element, G67 is an air gap on the optical axis from the sixth lens element to the seventh lens element, G23 is an air gap on the optical axis from the second lens element to the third lens element, T6 is a central thickness of the sixth lens element on the optical axis, and T4 is a central thickness of the fourth lens element on the optical axis.

US Pat. No. 10,459,203

OPTICAL IMAGING SYSTEM

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. An optical imaging system comprising:a first lens comprising a concave image-side surface;
a second lens comprising refractive power;
a third lens comprising a concave image-side surface;
a fourth lens comprising a convex object-side surface or a convex image-side surface;
a fifth lens comprising refractive power;
a sixth lens comprising a concave image-side surface; and
a seventh lens comprising negative refractive power,
wherein the first to seventh lenses are sequentially disposed from an object side,
wherein the first to seventh lenses are sequentially adjacent to one another, and
wherein 1.62<(N2+N5+N6)/3, where N2 is a refractive index of the second lens, N5 is a refractive index of the fifth lens, and N6 is a refractive index of the sixth lens.

US Pat. No. 10,459,196

OPTICAL IMAGING LENS

Genius Electronic Optical...

1. An optical imaging lens, comprising a first element, a second element, a third element, a fourth element, a fifth lens element, a sixth lens element and a seventh lens element sequentially from an object side to an image side along an optical axis, each of the first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh lens elements having refracting power, an object-side surface facing toward the object side and allowing an imaging ray to pass therethrough and an image-side surface facing toward the image side and allowing the imaging ray to pass therethrough, wherein:the optical imaging lens comprises no other lenses having refracting power beyond the seven lens elements;
the object-side surface of the third lens element comprises a concave portion in a vicinity of the optical axis;
the fifth lens element has positive refracting power, and the object-side surface of the fifth lens element comprises a concave portion in a vicinity of the optical axis;
the object-side surface of the sixth lens element comprises a convex portion in a vicinity of the optical axis;
the object-side surface of the seventh lens element comprises a concave portion in a vicinity of the optical axis; and
the image-side surface of the seventh lens element comprises a concave portion in a vicinity of the optical axis.

US Pat. No. 10,459,192

DRIVING UNIT, OPTICAL UNIT, IMAGING APPARATUS, AND ENDOSCOPE

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A driving unit comprising:a tubular fixed part extending along a longitudinal axis, the longitudinal axis being positioned at a center of the fixed part,
a movable part located inside the fixed part, the movable part being movable along a longitudinal axis direction,
a front frame part attached to one end side of the fixed part, at least a portion of the front frame part being formed of a magnetic material, at least a portion of the front frame part being located on an inner circumference of the movable part, and
a voice coil motor capable of moving the movable part relatively with respect to the fixed part in the longitudinal axis direction, the voice coil motor including a coil wound around an outer circumference of the fixed part and a magnet located on an outer circumference of the movable part,
wherein the magnet in the movable part opposes the coil in a direction orthogonal to the longitudinal axis direction, the magnet and the magnetic material being offset in the longitudinal direction such that the magnet is biased by the magnetic material.

US Pat. No. 10,459,187

OPTICAL ASSEMBLY INCLUDING PASSIVE OPTICAL ELEMENTS HAVING ALIGNMENT FEATURES

AMS SENSORS SINGAPORE PTE...

1. An optical assembly comprising:a stack of optical elements, wherein a first one of the optical elements has a first alignment feature tracing a curve along a surface of the first optical element, and a second one of the optical elements has a second alignment feature tracing a curve along a surface of the second optical element, wherein the first alignment feature fits within the second alignment feature, and
wherein each of the first optical element and the second optical element has a shape that includes a respective first pair of flat side edges opposite one another and a respective second pair of rounded side edges opposite one another;
the optical assembly further including a housing laterally surrounding the stack of optical elements, wherein the housing has an inner surface shaped to match the shape of the optical elements.

US Pat. No. 10,459,186

OPTICAL FIBER CABLE INSTALLATION IN A PRESSURE SEWERAGE

Jelcer-IP B.V., Dedemsva...

1. Method for arranging a cable in a pipe of a medium conduit suitable for transport of a medium using pressure, the method comprising the steps of:inserting a segment into a pipe, said segment being arranged at a first longitudinal position between a first and a second point, said segment being provided with a first and a second cable passage to an outside, and with means for closing off the first and second cable passage;
supplying liquid and/or applying pressure in at least a part of the medium conduit extending from the first point;
drawing the cable through the pipe of the medium conduit from the first point downstream to the second point, wherein the cable is carried along by the liquid and/or the pressure in the medium conduit, wherein an outer end of the cable is taken out of the medium conduit at the second point;
opening the segment;
taking a piece of the cable out at the first longitudinal position while forming a loop, and subsequently closing the segment,
wherein the cable is passed through the cable passage, and
rotating the segment to a protected position in which the cable passage and the cable carried outside are protected from damage by excavation work by means of the pipe or a shell arranged in a longitudinal opening between a first and a second pipe part of the pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,459,182

CABLE MANAGEMENT PANEL WITH SLIDING DRAWER

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. A cable management panel comprising:a chassis;
a drawer slidably mounted within the chassis, the drawer slidable between a first position with the drawer fully inserted within the chassis and a second position with the drawer extended from the interior of the chassis;
first and second access locations provided at first and second opposite sides, respectively, of the drawer for allowing entry of optical fiber cable into the drawer; and
a cable take-up mechanism provided adjacent each of the first and second sides of the drawer, each cable take-up mechanism including a radius limiter slidably mounted relative to the drawer and movable from a first position relative to the chassis toward a second position relative to the chassis which is forward of the first position as the drawer is moved from the first position to the second position, wherein each radius limiter includes a curved vertical surface that limits the bend radius of a cable entering the drawer, each radius limiter further including a pivotally mounted cable retention tab for retaining a cable against the curved vertical surface and for accessing a cable entering the drawer when the cable retention tab is pivoted upward, wherein each access location is defined at least partially by the curved vertical surface of the radius limiter, wherein movement of the drawer is synchronized at all times with the movement of each cable take-up mechanism relative to the chassis such that the drawer and the cable take-up mechanisms are configured to move simultaneously in the same direction relative to the chassis, wherein the cable take-up mechanisms are configured to move with respect to the drawer in a direction that is parallel to the movement of the drawer relative to the chassis.

US Pat. No. 10,459,181

SPLITTER MODULE AND ENCLOSURE FOR USE THEREIN

COMMSCOPE CONNECTIVITY BE...

1. An enclosure arrangement comprising:a base including a splice region;
a cover coupled to the base to move between a closed position and an open position, the cover and the base cooperating to define an interior when the cover is in the closed position, the cover providing access to the interior when in the open position, the cover defining a contoured surface and a mounting surface;
a plurality of ruggedized adapters disposed on the mounting surface, each ruggedized adapter having a first port accessible from an inner side of the cover and a second port accessible from an outer side of the cover; and
a splitter module mounted at the inner side of the cover, the splitter module including an optical splitter disposed in a splitter housing, the splitter housing being contoured to fit against the contoured surface of the cover.

US Pat. No. 10,459,178

OPTICAL RECEPTACLE, OPTICAL MODULE, AND MEASUREMENT METHOD

Enplas Corporation, Sait...

1. An optical receptacle configured to be disposed between a photoelectric conversion element and an optical transmission member, and to optically couple the photoelectric conversion element and an end surface of the optical transmission member, the optical receptacle comprising:a first optical surface configured to allow incidence of light emitted from the photoelectric conversion element, or to emit, toward the photoelectric conversion element, light emitted from the end surface of the optical transmission member and passing through inside of the optical receptacle;
a second optical surface configured to emit, toward the end surface of the optical transmission member, light incident on the first optical surface that passes through the inside of the optical receptacle, or to allow incidence of light emitted from the end surface of the optical transmission member;
a first recess in which the second optical surface is disposed in a part as an inner side surface of the first recess;
a second recess opening in a direction identical to a direction in which the first recess opens;
a slope surface that is another inner side surface of the first recess, the slope surface being disposed opposite to the second optical surface in the first recess, the slope surface being tilted with respect to the second optical surface such that a distance of the slope surface from the second optical surface increases toward an opening of the first recess;
an insertion hole having a linear shape and including a first opening and a second opening disposed at respective ends of the insertion hole, wherein the first opening opens at the slope surface of the first recess, the second opening opens at an inner side surface of the second recess, and the insertion hole is configured for insertion of the optical transmission member from the second recess side;
a through hole formed opposite to the second opening on a central axis of the insertion hole and communicating between the second recess and outside of the optical receptacle; and
a reference part disposed on a surface of the optical receptacle on a side on which the first recess and the second recess open, the reference part being disposed such that the reference art does not cover the first recess and the second recess.

US Pat. No. 10,459,176

COMMUNICATION LIGHT DETECTION DEVICE

HITACHI METALS, LTD., To...

1. A communication light detection device, comprising:a housing provided with a plurality of first optical adapters and a plurality of second optical adapters; and
a plurality of communication light detection portions provided in connection portions respectively for optically connecting together a first optical fiber provided in the housing and extended from the first optical adapters into the housing and a second optical fiber extended from the corresponding second optical adapters into the housing, to detect communication light transmitted via both the optical fibers,
wherein each of the communication light detection portions includes a respective light leak portion provided in the connection portions to allow a part of the communication light to leak, a respective light receiving element to detect the leak light leaked at the light leak portion, and a respective case for the communication light detection portions including a recessed groove for accommodating the connection portions and not transmitting the leak light,wherein a circuit board is included with the plurality of the light receiving elements mounted thereon together, and is provided, thereby closing the openings of the recessed grooves of the plurality of the communication light detection portion cases together.

US Pat. No. 10,459,173

OPTICAL ASSEMBLY WITH CABLE RETAINER

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. An optical cable subassembly comprising:one or more optical waveguides;
at least one light coupling unit comprising a first attachment area permanently attached to the optical waveguides, the at least one light coupling unit comprising:
a first major surface comprising one or more substantially parallel first grooves oriented along a first direction and receiving the one or more optical waveguides, and
a second major surface for slidably contacting a mating light coupling unit, the second major surface comprising an optically transmitting window for propagating an optical signal therethrough, and a region of second grooves and lands configured to capture particles contaminants in the second grooves; and
at least one cable retainer comprising a second attachment area permanently attached to the optical waveguides and adapted to be installed in a housing, a length of the optical waveguides between the first attachment area and the second attachment area configured to allow a bend in the optical waveguides that provides a predetermined mating spring force at a predetermined angle of the light coupling unit when installed in the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,459,171

OPTICAL TRANSCEIVER

Sumitomo Electric Industr...

1. An optical transceiver pluggable into an electronic apparatus, comprising:a housing having a rectangular solid-like shape extending in a direction pluggable into the electronic apparatus;
an electrical plug provided on an end of the housing closer to the electronic apparatus in the direction pluggable into the electronic apparatus, the electrical plug being electrically connected with the electronic apparatus when the optical transceiver is plugged into the electronic apparatus; and
a cover provided on the end of the housing, the cover covering at least a part of the electrical plug when the optical transceiver is extracted from the electronic apparatus, the cover moving with respect to the housing toward an extraction direction opposite to a direction of inserting the optical transceiver into the electronic apparatus (insertion direction) when the optical transceiver is inserted into the electronic apparatus, wherein
the housing has a groove extending in the extraction direction from the end of the housing,
the cover has a cover body and a cover tab, the cover body covering the at least a part of the electrical plug, the cover tab extending from the cover body in the extraction direction and slidable along the groove, and
the cover tab moves relative to the housing along the groove when the cover is pushed toward the housing in the extraction direction by pushing the optical transceiver in the insertion direction with a predetermined force or more.

US Pat. No. 10,459,170

SEALING AND RETENTION PLUG FOR A HYBRID CABLE

CommScope Connectivity Be...

1. A sealing and retention plug for a jacketed hybrid electrical optical cable, comprising:a plug assembly including a plug body, the plug body including:
a first end portion including an opening at a distal end configured to receive a jacketed hybrid electrical optical cable, the first end portion configured to slide over a distal end portion of a jacketed hybrid electrical optical cable;
a second end portion including:
a potting housing;
a cover assembly that is configured to slide over the potting housing, the cover assembly including a pair of conductor apertures for receiving conductors and a fiber aperture for receiving one or more of optical fibers; and
a closure interface assembly located between the first end portion and second end portion, the closure interface assembly configured to engage the exterior of a closure.

US Pat. No. 10,459,169

DISPERSION-COMPENSATIVE OPTICAL ASSEMBLY

Finisar Corporation, Sun...

1. An optical assembly comprising:a first grating device including a compensating grating;
a second grating device including a focusing grating with curved lines and unequal line spacings; and
a grating coupler of a planar waveguide device configured to receive an optical signal that has propagated through the first and the second grating devices,
wherein:
the first grating device is configured to receive a light beam from a fiber; and
the first grating device and the second grating device are configured to mutually compensate their wavelength dispersions such that after propagating through both the first grating device and the second grating device, the optical signals converge and are incident on the grating coupler with different input angles that respectively match optimal incidence angles configured for the different spectral components on the grating coupler.

US Pat. No. 10,459,168

OPTICAL DEVICES AND METHOD FOR TUNING AN OPTICAL SIGNAL

UNIVERSITE LAVAL, Quebec...

1. An optical device coupleable to a waveguide to receive an optical signal from the waveguide, the optical device comprising at least two optical grating devices optically coupled to one another and having corresponding spectral responses, the spectral response of at least one of said optical grating devices being tunable to adjust an amount of overlapping between the spectral responses of the at least two optical grating devices.

US Pat. No. 10,459,167

OPTICAL FIBER CAPABLE OF CONVERTING WAVELENGTH AND BACKLIGHT UNIT USING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. An optical fiber, comprising:a core portion; and
a cladding portion that covers an outer peripheral surface of the core portion;
wherein the cladding portion has a plurality of openings extending from an inside toward an outside along an extending direction of the core portion,
wherein the plurality of openings has a first crevice with which a color conversion material is filled and a second crevice with which a color conversion material is not filled,
wherein the first crevice and the second crevice are adjacent to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,459,165

OPTICAL MODULE

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An optical module comprising:a circuit substrate;
an electronic element mounted on one surface of the circuit substrate;
an optical element mounted on another surface perpendicular to the one surface of the circuit substrate;
a capacitor mounted on an inclined surface of the circuit substrate, the capacitor is mounted between the electronic element and the optical element; and
an optical waveguide array on which an optical waveguide is disposed,
wherein the optical waveguide is disposed to face the optical element.

US Pat. No. 10,459,164

COATING REMOVING DEVICE

FUJIKURA LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A coating removing device comprising:a heating section that includes:
a heater that heats a coating of an optical fiber; and
a blade that makes an incision in the coating of the optical fiber;
a gripping section that grips the optical fiber and moves with respect to the heating section;
a lid detector;
a separation detector; and
a counter that counts a coating removal event number when the lid detector detects a closed state of a lid of the heating section and the separation detector detects a separation between the heating section and the gripping section.

US Pat. No. 10,459,162

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

RENESAS ELECTRONICS CORPO...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:a core layer,
a first clad layer having a refractive index lower than that of the core layer, and
a second clad layer having a refractive index lower than that of the core layer and different from that of the first clad layer,
the core layer comprising:
a first portion contacting with the first clad layer and overlapping with the first clad layer in a plan view;
a second portion comprising:
a first overlapping portion contacting with the first clad layer and overlapping with the first clad layer in the plan view; and
a second overlapping portion contacting with the second clad layer and overlapping with the second clad layer in the plan view, the second overlapping portion being adjacent to the first portion; and
a third portion contacting with the second clad layer and overlapping with the second clad layer in the plan view, the third portion being adjacent to the second portion and having a finite radius of curvature,
wherein, in a cross-section orthogonal to an extending direction of the second portion and passing through the second portion, a first ratio of a first contact area of an upper surface of the core layer and the first clad layer to a second contact area of the upper surface of the core layer and the second clad layer, and a second ratio of a third contact area of the upper surface of the core layer and the second clad layer to a fourth area of the core layer and the first clad layer are each a finite value more than 0,
wherein the first ratio, in the cross-section orthogonal to the extending direction of the second portion and passing through the second portion, is lower than the first ratio in a cross-section orthogonal to an extending direction of the first portion and passing through the first portion, and is greater than the first ratio in a cross-section orthogonal to an extending direction of the third portion and passing through the third portion, and
wherein the second ratio, in the cross-section orthogonal to the extending direction of the second portion and passing through the second portion, is greater than the second ratio in the cross-section orthogonal to an extending direction of the first portion and passing through the first portion, and is lower than the second ratio in a cross-section orthogonal to an extending direction of the third portion and passing through the third portion.

US Pat. No. 10,459,154

ILLUMINATION APPARATUS AND ILLUMINATION SYSTEM

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An illumination apparatus comprising:a light-emitting unit that includes (a) a light guide plate having an opening therethrough, (b) a light source to input light into the light guide plate, and (c) a reflective film at an upper surface of the light guide plate to reflect light propagated in the light guide plate out of a lower surface of the light guide plate; and
an apparatus-holding section extending through the opening and configured to detachably hold an apparatus at a lower end of the apparatus-holding section such that the apparatus is located below the lower surface of the light guide plate,
wherein the light guide plate and the apparatus-holding section are detachably attached to each other by a first twist and lock configuration, and the electronic apparatus is detachably attached to the apparatus-holding section by a second twist and lock configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,459,150

LIGHT GUIDE PLATE, BACKLIGHT MODULE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A light guide plate, comprising a light guide plate body, the light guide plate body comprising:a first surface serving as a light exit surface;
a second surface opposite to the first surface; and
a first side surface adjacent to the first surface and serving as a light incident surface, wherein
the first surface comprises a first region and a second region, the second region being located on a side of the first region remote from the first side surface, and
an optical structure for changing an angle of light emitted out from the first surface is provided in the second region, the optical structure comprising a curved structure recessed into the light guide plate body, wherein
in a section plane parallel to the first side surface, the optical structure has a U-shape the light guide plate body further comprises a second side surface opposite to the first side surface, and
a recess depth of the curved structure gradually increases in a first direction from the first side surface to the second side surface.

US Pat. No. 10,459,148

DISPLAY DEVICE AND LIGHT GUIDE PLATE

MEMSLUX, (KR)

1. A display device comprising:a light source; and
a light guide plate,
wherein the light guide plate comprises:
a light guiding part which guides light incident on a side thereof from the light source by total internal reflection;
a fine pattern portion which emits the guided light only to an upper portion of the light guiding part;
a guard ring portion which protects the fine pattern portion from the intrusion of impurities; and
a light emitting member which is disposed on a top surface of the fine pattern portion and a top surface of the guard ring portion,
and wherein the light guide plate is formed of a transparent material.

US Pat. No. 10,459,145

WAVEGUIDE DEVICE INCORPORATING A LIGHT PIPE

DigiLens Inc., Sunnyvale...

1. A waveguide apparatus comprising in combination:a light guide device comprising a light pipe having a set of one or more reflecting surfaces disposed around an optical axis configured to guide light from a first end along a spiral-like total internal reflection path therethrough to a second end;
a light coupling element in optical contact with an elongate portion of a reflecting surface of the set of said reflecting surfaces, wherein diffraction efficiency of said light coupling element is spatially varied on a first face of said coupling element along an axis parallel to a first direction; and
an optical waveguide in optical contact with said light coupling element;
wherein said light coupling element is configured to extract at least a portion of said light guided through said light pipe along the reflecting surface in optical contact with said light coupling element such that the extracted light is coupled into said optical waveguide and propagates in a second direction along a path of total internal reflection within said optical waveguide.

US Pat. No. 10,459,139

LIGHTING APPARATUS

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A lighting apparatus that wavelength-converts laser light guided by an optical fiber to output light having a different wavelength as the laser light, the lighting apparatus comprising:a holder that holds the optical fiber;
a wavelength converter that wavelength-converts the laser light emitted from the optical fiber; and
a case that holds the wavelength converter and houses the holder, wherein
the holder includes a groove into which one end of the optical fiber is fitted, the groove being straight.

US Pat. No. 10,459,137

METAL WIRE GRID POLARIZATION PLATE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A manufacturing method of a metal wire grid polarization plate, comprising:forming a light absorption layer on a side of a substrate;
forming a metal layer on the light absorption layer; and
patterning the metal layer and the light absorption layer to form a metal wire grid and a light absorption wire grid, wherein
the metal wire grid is formed of a first metal, the light absorption wire grid is formed of an oxide of a second metal, and the second metal is different from the first metal, wherein
the forming the light absorption layer on the side of the substrate comprises: depositing copper or chromium on the substrate; oxidizing the copper or the chromium by using oxygen plasma to form the light absorption layer; and
the patterning the metal layer and the light absorption layer to form the metal wire grid and the light absorption wire grid comprises: forming a photoresist on the metal layer; patterning the photoresist to form a photoresist wire grid; etching the metal layer and the light absorption layer not covered by the photoresist wire grid to form the metal wire grid and the light absorption wire grid; and stripping off the photoresist wire grid to form the metal wire grid polarization plate.

US Pat. No. 10,459,136

OPTICAL LAMINATE, POLARIZING PLATE AND ORGANIC EL DISPLAY DEVICE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. An optical laminate comprising:a transparent support;
an optically anisotropic layer A; and
an optically anisotropic layer B,
wherein the optically anisotropic layer A and the optically anisotropic layer B come into direct contact with each other,
either or both of the optically anisotropic layer A and the optically anisotropic layer B are formed of a composition containing a liquid crystal compound,
surface energy A of a surface of the optically anisotropic layer A on a side in contact with the optically anisotropic layer B is 30 to 40 mN/m,
surface energy B1 of a surface of the optically anisotropic layer B on a side in contact with the optically anisotropic layer A is 35 mN/m or more, and
surface energy B2 of a surface of the optically anisotropic layer B opposite to the side in contact with the optically anisotropic layer A is 25 mN/m or less, and
wherein the optical laminate includes the transparent support, the optically anisotropic layer A, and the optically anisotropic layer B in this order, with the transparent support being in direct contact with the optically anisotropic layer A.

US Pat. No. 10,459,127

FOURIER LENS, METHOD FOR DESIGNING FOURIER LENS, AND SCHLIEREN APPARATUS

NANKAI UNIVERSITY, Tianj...

1. A method for designing a Fourier lens, wherein the Fourier lens comprises a substrate and a plurality of cuboid waveguides, wherein the plurality of waveguides are arranged on the substrate in parallel and spaced from each other at a preset interval; a material of the substrate and a material of the plurality of cuboid waveguides are all transparent to a working waveband of the Fourier lens, and the preset interval is smaller than a quotient obtained by dividing a center wavelength of the working waveband by a refractive index of the substrate, the plurality of cuboid waveguides have a plurality of widths, the plurality of cuboid waveguides of different widths correspond to different phase delays, and individual waveguides are arranged on the substrate according to phase delays required at different positions, the method comprising:determining, according to a working waveband of the Fourier lens to be designed, a material of the substrate and a material of the waveguides;
performing, according to the working waveband, the material of the substrate and the material of the waveguides, an electromagnetic wave simulation to determine parameters of the waveguides, wherein the parameters of the waveguides comprise: a height of the waveguides, a plurality of widths of the waveguides, and a preset interval between adjacent waveguides;
determining, according to a designed focal length and the preset interval of the Fourier lens, positions where the plurality of waveguides are arranged on the substrate; and
manufacturing, with a micromachining technology, the Fourier lens according to the parameters and the positions where the waveguides are arranged,
wherein the performing further comprises:
selecting the height of the waveguides according to the working waveband, and selecting the preset interval between adjacent waveguides according to the material of the substrate and the working waveband;
performing, according to the material of the waveguides, the selected height of the waveguides and the preset interval, an electromagnetic wave simulation with a Finite Difference Time Domain method or a Finite Element Method, so as to obtain a set of simulation results representative of a correspondence between the widths of the waveguides and phase delays; and
selecting a plurality of simulation results from the set of simulation results, with the selected simulation results covering the phase delays greater than or equal to ?? and smaller than ?, and adding the widths of the waveguides, corresponding to the individual phase delays of the selected simulation results, into the parameters of the waveguides of the Fourier lens.

US Pat. No. 10,459,126

VISUAL DISPLAY WITH TIME MULTIPLEXING

Tesseland LLC, Glendale,...

1. A display device comprising:a display, operable to generate a real image; and
an optical system, comprising a plurality of optical channels, each of the optical channels comprising one or more lenslets, arranged to generate one or more portions of a virtual image from one or more respective partial real images on the display associated with that channel, by each lenslet projecting light from the display to an eye position;
wherein the portions of the virtual image combine to form a virtual image viewable from the eye position so that different optical channels image a same portion of the display to different portions of the virtual image;
comprising a light switching system allowing a flow of light through selected ones of the channels from the display to a pupil range and preventing a flow of light through other selected ones of the channels from the display to the pupil range;
wherein the light switching system is arranged to successively open the optical channels to allow light to flow successively through the optical channels and, while each of the optical channels is open, the display is arranged to display the one or more respective partial real images associated with that channel; and
wherein the display is a digital display comprising object pixels, wherein the object pixels are grouped into clusters of contiguous pixels, each cluster forming a partial real image and associated with a respective lenslet that belongs to one of the optical channels, wherein at least some object pixels belong to more than one cluster at different times, according to which of the respective optical channels is active.