US Pat. No. 10,394,266

ENERGY CONSUMPTION ASSESSMENT

International Business Ma...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:determining a process similarity between a target production process and a candidate production process based on energy consumption units (ECUs) involved in the target production process and the candidate production process, wherein determining the process similarity comprises:
determining, from a pool of critical ECUs, a first set of critical ECUs involved in the target production process, the pool of the critical ECUs being obtained based on a plurality of reference production processes, wherein obtaining the pool of critical ECUs by:
creating, by utilizing a computing device, a topology for each of the plurality of reference production processes, and
identifying an ECU as a critical ECU, wherein the topology for each of the plurality of reference production processes is broken without the ECU;
determining, from the pool of critical ECUs, a second set of critical ECUs involved in the candidate production process, wherein one or more identified critical ECUs are automatically added into the pool of critical ECUs;
determining, from a pool of non-critical ECUs, a first set of non-critical ECUs involved in the target production process, the pool of the non-critical ECUs being obtained based on the plurality of reference production processes;
determining, from the pool of non-critical ECUs, a second set of non-critical ECUs involved in the candidate production process; and
determining the process similarity based on comparing the number of critical ECUs shared in the first and second sets of critical ECUs and the number of non-critical ECUs shared in the first and second sets of critical ECUs, wherein the number of critical ECUs shared are weighted higher relative to the number of non-critical ECUs shared;
in response to the process similarity being greater than a first threshold, correlating an energy consumption similarity between the target production process and the candidate production process based on a factor that has influence on energy consumption of at least one of the ECUs; and
in response to the energy consumption similarity being greater than a second threshold, identifying, by utilizing a benchmark identifying module in the computing device, the candidate production process as a benchmark for assessing energy consumption of the target production process.

US Pat. No. 10,394,265

PROGRAMMABLE POWER SUPPLIES FOR CELLULAR BASE STATIONS AND RELATED METHODS OF REDUCING POWER LOSS IN CELLULAR SYSTEMS

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a measurement circuit having an input and an output;
wherein the input is configured to be proximate to and coupled to a first end of a power cable proximate to at least one remote radio head coupled to the power cable;
wherein the output is configured to be coupled to a programmable power supply that is coupled to a second end of the power cable, where the second end is opposite the first end, where the programmable power supply is configured to receive DC power from another power supply;
wherein the measurement circuit is configured to measure the voltage on the power cable proximate to the at least one remote radio head; and
wherein the programmable power supply is configured to have its output voltage adjusted in response to the measured voltage, and to vary the voltage at the second end.

US Pat. No. 10,394,264

BACK BIAS REGULATOR CIRCUIT AND METHOD THEREFOR

NXP USA, Inc., Austin, T...

1. A bias regulator circuit comprising:a voltage divider including a first resistive element and a second resistive element;
a first node of the voltage divider coupled to a first terminal of the first resistive element;
a second node of the voltage divider coupled between a second terminal of the first resistive element and a first terminal of the second resistive element;
a first amplifier with a first input coupled to an input voltage, and a second input coupled to the first node;
a first power supply coupled to the first amplifier;
a second power supply coupled to the first amplifier;
an N-polarity metal-oxide semiconductor (NMOS) bias voltage node coupled to an output of the first amplifier, a plurality of NMOS devices, and the first node;
a second amplifier with a first input coupled to a symmetry voltage, and a second input coupled to the second node;
a third power supply coupled to the second amplifier;
a fourth power supply coupled to the second amplifier;
a P-polarity metal-oxide semiconductor (PMOS) bias voltage node coupled to the output of the second amplifier, the second terminal of the second resistive element, and a plurality of PMOS devices, wherein a voltage at the NMOS bias voltage node is configured to control a voltage at the PMOS bias voltage node such that the voltage at the PMOS bias voltage node symmetrically tracks the voltage at the NMOS bias voltage node about the symmetry voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,394,263

ULTRA LOW POWER LINEAR VOLTAGE REGULATOR

NXP USA, Inc., Austin, T...

1. A method for voltage regulation comprising:reducing a power consumption of a voltage regulator during an IDLE phase, by disabling a feedback loop configured to regulate an internal voltage to a multiple of a reference voltage in response to the voltage regulator receiving a digital signal from a digital circuit, the internal voltage proportional to an external voltage supplied to the digital circuit; and
increasing a regulated accuracy of the external voltage during a MEASUREMENT phase by enabling the feedback loop in response to the voltage regulator receiving the digital signal from the digital circuit, wherein the IDLE phase comprises:
storing a gate voltage on a gate of a transistor, the transistor supplying the external voltage to the digital circuit, the external voltage being less than a supply voltage,
latching a first state of a pull-up transistor, the pull-up transistor changing the external voltage to the supply voltage in response to a difference between the supply voltage and the gate voltage being less than an offset voltage,
latching a second state of an internal Power On Reset (POR) signal, the internal POR signal holding the digital circuit in a reset state while the internal voltage is less than the reference voltage,
disabling a bandgap reference configured to provide the reference voltage, and
disabling the feedback loop in response to disabling the bandgap reference.

US Pat. No. 10,394,262

VOLTAGE REGULATION METHOD, CONTROLLER, AND CHIP

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method for regulating a supply voltage of a target load disposed on a chip, wherein a controller, a first sensor, and a power gating array are further disposed on the chip, the power gating array and the first sensor are separately coupled to the controller, the first sensor is configured to detect a node voltage that is at a current moment and that is of a first detection point of the target load, to generate a digital first status representation value, and the power gating array is configured to provide a supply voltage for the target load; andthe method comprises:
receiving, by the controller, the first status representation value sent by the first sensor;
determining, by the controller, a reference parameter according to the following formula:
t=a(x?y)+b(x?z), wherein t is the reference parameter, x is the first status representation value, y is a first expected value represents an expected value of a node voltage of the first detection point, z is a second status representation value represents a node voltage that is at a previous moment and that is of the first detection point of the target load, and a and b are constants; and
determining, by the controller according to the reference parameter, whether to regulate the supply voltage of the target load; and
when determining to regulate the supply voltage of the target load, sending, by the controller, a digital control signal to the power gating array, to control the power gating array to regulate the supply voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,394,261

VOLTAGE REFERENCE GENERATOR AND A METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A MAGNITUDE OF A VARIATION OF AN OUTPUT VOLTAGE OF A VOLTAGE REFERENCE GENERATOR

STICHTING IMEC NEDERLAND,...

1. A voltage reference generator comprising:a voltage reference;
a variable gain amplifier connected to an output terminal of the voltage reference;
a sampling capacitor connected to an output terminal of the voltage reference generator and further connected to an output terminal of the variable gain amplifier via a sampling switch of the voltage reference generator, said sampling switch being adapted to alternate between a closed state and an open state, wherein the closed state spans a first portion of a switching period of said sampling switch, and the open state spans a second portion of the switching period; and
a ripple monitor adapted to estimate a magnitude of a variation of an output voltage of the voltage reference generator resulting from the sampling switch alternating between the closed state and the open state, and to, based on the estimate, perform one of:
control of the sampling switch to reduce a switching frequency of the sampling switch to increase the magnitude of the variation of the output voltage, and
control of the sampling switch to increase the switching frequency, to decrease a the magnitude of the variation of the output voltage,
wherein the ripple monitor includes a monitor capacitor connected to the output terminal of the variable gain amplifier via a monitor switch, said monitor switch being adapted to close during a first portion of a switching period of the monitor switch, and the monitor switch being adapted to open during a second portion of the switching period.

US Pat. No. 10,394,260

GATE BOOSTING CIRCUIT AND METHOD FOR AN INTEGRATED POWER STAGE

SYNAPTICS INCORPORATED, ...

1. A gate driver comprising:an output stage comprising an n-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor (NMOS) pull-up transistor and an NMOS pull-down transistor, wherein the NMOS pull-up transistor and the NMOS pull-down transistor are coupled at an output node;
a bootstrap circuit comprising a main bootstrap capacitor, wherein the bootstrap capacitor provides a supply voltage for driving the NMOS pull-up transistor;
a high voltage generator coupled with the main bootstrap capacitor via a transistor switch; and
a replica bootstrap circuit comprising a replica bootstrap capacitor, wherein the replica bootstrap capacitor generates a reference voltage that regulates a drain current of the transistor switch, and wherein the regulated drain current of the transistor switch charges the main bootstrap capacitor from the high voltage generator;
wherein the replica bootstrap circuit further comprises a first voltage source and a first diode, the first voltage source configured to charge the replica bootstrap capacitor via the first diode when the first diode is forward biased.

US Pat. No. 10,394,259

CURRENT LIMITING ELECTRONIC FUSE CIRCUIT

STMICROELECTRONICS S.R.L....

1. A circuit, comprising:a power transistor configured to deliver an output current to a load;
a sense transistor configured to generate a sense current proportional to the output current;
a differential amplifier circuit having an output configured to generate a drive voltage applied to control terminals of the power transistor and the sense transistor in response to a difference between a first input signal and a second input signal;
a comparator circuit configured to compare the drive voltage to a switching reference voltage and generate a switch control logic signal; and
a switchable circuit configured to change the first input signal in response to the switch control logic signal, said switchable circuit comprising a switchable resistance circuit connected in series with the sense transistor to receive the sense current and generate a voltage as said first input signal in response to the sense current, said switchable resistance circuit having a first resistance in response to a first logic state of the switch control logic signal and a second resistance in response to a second logic state of the switch control logic signal.

US Pat. No. 10,394,258

PRESSURE MAINTAINING VALVE FOR A REVERSIBLE CONNECTION TO AN AIR LINE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A pressure-maintaining valve for a reversible connection to an air line, said valve comprising:a basic body with an inlet opening, an outlet opening for accommodating the air line, and a fluid chamber which connects the inlet opening to the outlet opening in a fluid-communicating manner,
a piston arranged in the inlet opening and mounted movably between a sealing position, an equalizing position and a release position, the piston having an annular groove with a piston sealing surface and a piston release surface,
wherein, in the sealing position, a sealant is arranged in a sealing manner between the piston sealing surface and a basic body sealing surface,
in the equalizing position an equalizing line arranged in the piston bypasses the sealant in a fluid-communicating manner, wherein the equalizing line has at least one line inlet in the annular groove, and,
in the release position, the piston release surface is lifted off the sealant from the basic body sealing surface.

US Pat. No. 10,394,256

GAS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND CONTROLLER

CRITICAL SYSTEMS, INC, B...

1. A gas supply system, comprising:a gas panel defining an enclosure that includes a gas dispensing manifold, wherein gas flow through the gas dispensing manifold is regulated using one or more solenoids;
a redundant control system that is electrically connected to the one or more solenoids, wherein the redundant control system is configured to send actuation signals to the solenoids to allow or prevent gas from flowing through the gas dispensing manifold, the redundant control system including at least one secondary, mirrored control system configured to assume control of the gas panel on demand; and
a communications module that allows the redundant control system to monitor a plurality of other gas panels, the monitoring including receiving feedback from gas cabinet components regarding component operational status and transmitting actuation signals from the redundant control system to the gas panel.

US Pat. No. 10,394,255

DIAGNOSTIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MONITORING FRICTIONAL BEHAVIOR IN A CONTROL LOOP

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A diagnostic device for operating a control loop having a controlled system comprising a valve as an actuator, the diagnostic device comprising:a data memory storing temporal sequences of data for a setpoint, a manipulated variable and an actual value of the control loop; and
an evaluation device configured to select at least first segments of the temporal sequences for a period with a stepped profile of the setpoint and second segments of the temporal sequences for a period with a constant setpoint;
wherein the evaluation device is further configured to use the first segments of the temporal sequences to identify a linear submodel for dynamic behavior of the controlled system comprising the valve as the actuator;
wherein the evaluation device is further configured to use the second segments of the temporal sequences and the linear submodel to identify a nonlinear submodel for frictional behavior of the controlled system comprising the valve as the actuator;
wherein an output of the nonlinear submodel is input to the identified linear submodel,
wherein the evaluation device is further configured to use an evaluation of the temporal sequences to determine a presence of a level of static friction of the valve and, if the level of static friction is exceeded, to determine static friction of the valve quantitatively by identification of the nonlinear submodel; and
wherein the control loop having the controlled system comprising the valve as the actuator is operated and monitored to obtain the quantitative assessment of the frictional behavior of the controlled system comprising the valve as the actuator.

US Pat. No. 10,394,254

MULTI-STAGE FLOW CONTROL ASSEMBLIES

SKO FLO Industries, Inc.,...

1. A multistage flow control assembly configured to accommodate pressure drops across a system while maintaining a desired flow rate, the flow control assembly comprising:a first stage comprising:
a first body having a first inlet port, a first outlet port, and a first fluid passageway therebetween containing fluid at a first fluid pressure, a second fluid pressure, and a third fluid pressure, the second fluid pressure being less than the first fluid pressure, and the third fluid pressure being less than the second fluid pressure;
a bore having lower and upper portions, the lower portion being in fluid communication with the first inlet port and in fluid communication with the upper portion via an orifice flow path;
a biased first piston slidably positioned within the bore and coupled to the first fluid passageway;
a first fluid control portion configured to receive fluid at the second fluid pressure and direct fluid toward the first outlet port at the third fluid pressure, the first fluid control portion being automatically adjusted in response to the second and/or third fluid pressures; and
a pilot passageway in fluid communication with the upper portion of the bore and configured to receive fluid at the second fluid pressure; and
a second stage in fluid communication with the first stage and comprising:
a second body coupled to the first body of the first stage and having a second inlet port in fluid communication with the first outlet port, a second outlet port, and a second fluid passageway between the second inlet and outlet ports, the second fluid passageway containing the fluid at the second and third fluid pressures and a fourth fluid pressure less than the third fluid pressure;
a receptacle attached to and in fluid communication with the pilot passageway, wherein the receptacle is configured to receive a portion of fluid at the second fluid pressure;
a biased second piston in the second body and having a proximal end portion and a distal end portion opposite the proximal end portion, wherein the distal end portion is in fluid communication with the portion of the fluid at the second fluid pressure, and the proximal end portion is in fluid communication with the fluid at the third fluid pressure, and wherein the second piston is axially moveable in the second body in response to the second and/or third fluid pressures; and
a second fluid control portion configured to receive fluid at the third fluid pressure and direct fluid toward the second outlet port at the fourth fluid pressure, wherein the second fluid control portion is automatically adjusted to control flow therethrough in response to the second, third and/or fourth fluid pressures;
wherein the second piston includes a valve portion at the proximal end portion, and the second fluid control portion includes a valve seat member, wherein fluid flows through the valve seat member past the valve portion and undergoes a pressure drop from the third fluid pressure to the fourth fluid pressure, and wherein positioning of the valve portion relative to the valve seat member is automatically adjusted in response to the second, third and/or fourth fluid pressures.

US Pat. No. 10,394,253

CARAVAN MANAGEMENT

Allstate Insurance Compan...

1. A system, comprising:a first computing device in a first vehicle;
a second computing device in a second vehicle, the second computing device configured to communicate with the first computing device;
a third computing device in a third vehicle, the third computing device configured to communicate with the first computing device and the second computing device, wherein at least two of the first computing device, the second computing device, and the third computing device, includes a global positioning system (GPS) receiver for collecting GPS coordinates of the first vehicle, the second vehicle, and the third vehicle, respectively; and
a fourth computing device configured to:
receive, from the first computing device via a wireless communication network, first information regarding a first driver of the first vehicle;
receive, from the second computing device via the wireless communication network, second information regarding a second driver of the second vehicle;
receive, from the third computing device via the wireless communication network, third information regarding a third driver of the third vehicle;
store, in memory, group information that associates the first vehicle, the second vehicle, and the third vehicle with a caravan;
determine, based at least on the first information, the second information, or the third information, a first insurance rate associated with the first driver, a second insurance rate associated with the second driver, and a third insurance rate associated with the third driver;
determine, based at least on the first insurance rate, the second insurance rate, and the third insurance rate, a recommended order of all vehicles in the caravan;
transmit, via the wireless communication network, the recommended order to at least one of the first computing device, the second computing device, or the third computing device; and
monitor, at a time during a trip and based at least on GPS coordinates received from the first computing device, the second computing device, or the third computing device, an order of the caravan.

US Pat. No. 10,394,252

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PLATOONING VEHICLES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for operating vehicles, comprising:moving a vehicle from a lead position in a vehicle group to a first follower position within the vehicle group via a controller and moving a first following vehicle into the lead position in the vehicle group via the controller in response to a temperature of an emissions control device of the first following vehicle being less than a first threshold temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,394,251

CLOUD-BASED CONNECTIVITY ENERGY BUDGET MANAGER

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:a storage maintaining energy estimates corresponding to function requests; and
a processor of a server, programmed to
receive, from a mobile device, a function request for a vehicle at key-off,
send a power up message to the vehicle indicating one or more of (i) an identifier of the function request or (ii) a set of vehicle components required to perform the function request,
receive battery information from the vehicle responsive to the vehicle powering up a set of vehicle components required to perform the function request, and
direct the vehicle to perform the function request at key-off responsive to determining, according to the battery information received from the vehicle and an energy estimate corresponding to the function request, that the vehicle has sufficient energy to perform the function request,
wherein the battery information includes a state of charge of the vehicle and an instant current draw rate for the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,394,250

WORK MACHINE MANAGEMENT APPARATUS

Komatsu Ltd., Tokyo (JP)...

1. A work machine management apparatus comprising:a switchback point setting unit configured to set a switchback point of a transporting machine in a work place of a mine;
a work point setting unit configured to set a plurality of work points of the transporting machine in which a loading operation of loading a load onto the transporting machine is performed by a loading machine including an upper swing body and a lower travel body, in a portion of a swing area of the upper swing body which swings with the traveling of the lower travel body stopped, to the set switchback point in the work place;
a travel track generating unit configured to generate a plurality of target travel tracks along which the transporting machine can travel in the work place, based on a position of the set switchback point in the work place and a position of each of the set plurality of work points thereto; and
a travel track selecting unit configured to select a target travel track along which the transporting machine travels in the work place, among the plurality of target travel tracks.

US Pat. No. 10,394,249

CLEANING ROBOT AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A cleaning robot comprising:a main body;
a driver configured to move the main body;
a cleaner configured to clean a cleaning space; and
a controller configured to:
identify a position of an entrance, which connects an area to another area, while the main body moves,
set a cleaning area among a plurality of areas included in the cleaning space on a basis of the identified position of the entrance, and
clean the cleaning area in response to setting the cleaning area.

US Pat. No. 10,394,248

CHARGING PILE, METHOD AND DEVICE FOR RECOGNIZING THE CHARGING PILE

XIAOMI INC., Beijing (CN...

1. A charging pile for an autonomous cleaning device, the charging pile comprising:a pile body having a side surface;
a power interface provided on the side surface of the pile body to supply power for the autonomous cleaning device;
an identification structure arranged on the side surface of the pile body to enable the autonomous cleaning device to recognize a position of the power interface and comprising a plurality of identification elements, each of the plurality of identification elements comprising at least one convex and at least one concave;
wherein for each identification element, a retroreflection coefficient of the at least one convex is smaller than that of the at least one concave and sufficient to form a retroreflected light recognizable by the autonomous cleaning device; and
wherein at least one of the plurality of identification elements comprises a convex and a concave having mismatched specifications.

US Pat. No. 10,394,247

AUTOMATIC TRACKING SHOPPING CART

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An automatic tracking shopping cart, comprising:an automatic tracking device fixed to a body of the shopping cart, and operative to control movement of the shopping cart for tracking a target object, the automatic tracking device comprising:
an image collection unit configured to collect a color image and a depth image of a field of view;
a processing unit configured to identify the target object based on the collected color image and depth image, and determine a motion parameter of the shopping cart based on a position and/or movement of the target object; and
a shopping cart driving unit configured to drive the shopping cart to move based on the determined motion parameter,
wherein the processing unit comprises:
a target determination module configured to determine target characteristics of the target object in the color image and a target depth of the target object in the depth image based on the collected color image and depth image;
an image analysis module configured to determine a current depth of the target object from a color image and a depth image of a current frame based on target characteristics and a target depth determined in a previous frame; and
a driving calculation module configured to determine the movement parameter of the shopping cart based on the calculated current depth.

US Pat. No. 10,394,246

ROBOT WITH AUTOMATIC STYLES

Neato Robotics, Inc., Ne...

1. A mobile robotic system comprising:a housing;
a drive motor mounted in the housing;
a drive system, coupled to the drive motor, for moving a robotic apparatus;
a processor;
a distance and object detection sensor;
a non-transitory computer readable media, coupled to the processor, containing instructions for:
selecting a style from a plurality of styles responsive to an input command from a user,
automatically selecting parameters for the style,
determining a plurality of parameters for a plurality of dimensions of the style, and
prioritizing one of the dimensions for the style over others of the dimensions for a plurality of the styles;
wherein:
the styles include a gentle style, a fast style and a thorough style;
the dimensions include time, obstacle avoidance and coverage;
the gentle style prioritizing obstacle avoidance over time and coverage;
the fast style prioritizing time over coverage and obstacle avoidance; and
the thorough style prioritizing coverage over time and obstacle avoidance.

US Pat. No. 10,394,245

METHOD AND SYSTEM TO PREDICT VEHICLE TRAFFIC BEHAVIOR FOR AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES TO MAKE DRIVING DECISIONS

BAIDU USA LLC, Sunnyvale...

1. A computer-implemented method for operating an autonomous vehicle, the method comprising:generating one or more predicted trajectories based on sensor data received from one or more sensors of the autonomous vehicle, each of the predicted trajectories being associated with a probability;
detecting one or more gestures from one or more vehicles other than the autonomous vehicle in accordance with a gesture detection protocol;
emitting one or more gestures from the autonomous vehicle to communicate with the one or more vehicles in accordance with a gesture emission protocol based on the detected gestures;
modifying the predicted trajectories based on the detected gestures, the emitted gestures, and the associated probabilities of the predicted trajectories; and
controlling the autonomous vehicle based on the modified predicted trajectories.

US Pat. No. 10,394,244

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING MOBILE ROBOT BASED ON BAYESIAN NETWORK LEARNING

KOREA UNIVERSITY RESEARCH...

1. A method for controlling the navigation of the mobile robot, in which a control unit applies a drive control signal to a robot driving unit to control the navigation of the mobile robot using sensing information of a sensing unit and preset data that is stored in a storage unit and includes grid information for a navigation environment, the method comprising:a path planning step of calculating a navigation path of the mobile robot from a departure point to a destination point based on congestion map information calculated using grid map information for a navigation environment included in the preset data and the sensing information;
a navigation step of acquiring navigation environmental information including obstacle map information using the sensing information sensed by the sensing unit in a process in which the mobile robot moves along the navigation path calculated in the path planning step, and allowing the mobile robot to navigate from the departure point to the destination point by performing a position estimation operation using the acquired navigation environmental information; and
a congestion map building and calculating step of building a congestion map for the navigation environment using a navigation environment database having stored therein navigation cost information including information regarding a probability of existence or absence of an obstacle in a relevant grid in the navigation environmental information acquired in the navigation step after the completion of the navigation step,
wherein the navigation cost includes information regarding a static obstacle that is in a fixed position in the navigation environment and information regarding a dynamic obstacle that is moveable in the navigation environment, and
wherein building the congestion map includes calculating the probability of the presence or absence of the dynamic obstacle.

US Pat. No. 10,394,243

AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY FOR FACILITATING OPERATION ACCORDING TO MOTION PRIMITIVES

Luminar Technologies, Inc...

1. A computer-implemented method of determining operation of an autonomous vehicle, the method comprising:processing, by one or more processors, a set of signals descriptive of a current state of an environment in which the autonomous vehicle is operating, wherein processing the set of signals includes assessing a set of risks associated with operation of the autonomous vehicle during a future time period;
determining, by the one or more processors based on the set of risks, a set of motion primitives to safely stop the autonomous vehicle during at least a portion of the future time period, the set of motion primitives comprising (i) a first motion primitive indicative of a first movement to be undertaken by the autonomous vehicle, and (ii) a second motion primitive indicative of a second movement to be undertaken by the autonomous vehicle after undertaking the first movement;
executing, by the one or more processors, the first motion primitive to cause the autonomous vehicle to undertake the first movement; and
subsequent to executing the first motion primitive, executing, by the one or more processors, the second motion primitive to cause the autonomous vehicle to undertake the second movement and safely stop the autonomous vehicle during at least the portion of the future time period.

US Pat. No. 10,394,242

AUTONOMOUS NAVIGATION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR A MANEUVERABLE PLATFORM

ELBIT SYSTEMS LTD., Haif...

1. A method comprising:obtaining a plurality of objectives relating to a maneuverable platform;
receiving maneuverable platform and obstacles data relating to at least one of: position, speed, and direction of the maneuverable platform and of obstacles;
determining, using a computer processor, a plurality of options for completing said plurality of objectives, wherein each of the plurality of options defines a distinct combination of course and speed;
calculating, for each of the plurality of options, projected positions of the maneuverable platform and of each obstacle and therefrom determining the distance between the maneuverable platform and each obstacle at the closest point of approach and the estimated time to arrive at the closest point of approach;
weighing each of the options in accordance with a grading scheme, wherein said grading scheme includes an assessment of the estimated time to arrive at the closest point of approach with each obstacle; and, the distance between the maneuverable platform and each obstacle at the closest point of approach;
autonomously selecting, using a computer processor, one option of the plurality of options in accordance with said grading scheme and whether a projected collision may be avoided; and,
maneuvering the maneuverable platform and commanding drive controls of the maneuverable platform to apply the autonomously selected course and speed of the option for the maneuverable platform.

US Pat. No. 10,394,241

MULTI-STAGE VOTING CONTROL

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A control system comprising:an actuator device responsive to a voted command, wherein the control system is in communication with the actuator device, and comprising a multi-stage voting system, configured to determine the voted command for the actuator device;
a set of controllers providing a set of commands to the multi-stage voting system;
a monitor controller providing a monitor command to the multi-stage voting system;
wherein the multi-stage voting system comprises logic in the control system with a first stage that compares the set of commands to each other, and a second stage that compares at least one of the set of commands to the monitor command; and
wherein the multi-stage voting system delivers the voted command to the actuator device based on the comparisons made in the first and second stages, the actuator device effecting an operation in response to the voted command.

US Pat. No. 10,394,240

FAILOVER NAVIGATION FOR REMOTELY OPERATED AERIAL VEHICLES

Olaeris, Inc., Burleson,...

1. A computer system, the computer system comprising one or more processors;system memory coupled to the one or more processors, the system memory storing instructions that are executable by the one or more processors; and
the one or more processors executing the instructions stored in the system memory to fly a remotely operated aerial vehicle among one or more obstacles, including the following:
use a primary flight guidance system to fly the remotely operated aerial vehicle within an area that includes the one or more obstacles, the primarily flight guidance system referring to a higher resolution map to navigate the one or more obstacles, the higher resolution map including more detailed boundary geometry for the one or more obstacles;
detect failure of the primary flight guidance system;
switch to a secondary flight guidance system; and
use the secondary flight guidance system to formulate a flight path to a safer location outside of the area, the secondary flight guidance system referring to a lower resolution map to formulate the flight path, the lower resolution map including less detailed boundary geometry for the one or more obstacles, the flight path minimizing crossings between boundaries defined in the less detailed boundary geometry to bias the flight path towards safety of the remotely operated aerial vehicle over efficiency of the remotely operated aerial vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,394,238

MULTI-MODE MISSION PLANNING AND OPTIMIZATION FOR AUTONOMOUS AGRICULTURAL VEHICLES

CNH Industrial America LL...

1. A tangible, non-transitory computer readable medium storing computer instructions, wherein the computer instructions, when executed by a processor, are configured to:generate a first mission plan based at least in part on inputs, wherein the first mission plan comprises at least a route and a driving speed for at least one agricultural vehicle to initially execute at a beginning of an operation;
generate a second mission plan at least when one or more of the inputs change in response to one or more events that occur during the operation, wherein the second mission plan comprises at least one modification to the first mission plan;
generate a third mission plan comprising at least one modification to the first mission plan or the second mission plan via one or more optimization techniques that reduce a cost function having adjustable weight factors;
determine respective plan values for the first, second, and third mission plans;
select the first, second, or third mission plan based on the respective plan values; and
output the selected mission plan to the at least one agricultural vehicle for execution.

US Pat. No. 10,394,236

VEHICLE SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ENABLING A DEVICE FOR AUTONOMOUS DRIVING

ZF Friedrichshafen AG, F...

1. A vehicle system of a vehicle for at least one vehicle user, the vehicle system comprising:a camera arranged inside the vehicle,
an evaluation unit comprising a memory, and the evaluation unit being coupled to the camera,
a communication device being coupled to the evaluation unit,
a self-drive unit being coupled to the evaluation unit and by which the vehicle is autonomously driveable,
the camera being directed toward the vehicle user for viewing a face of the vehicle user and relaying data to the evaluation unit,
the evaluation unit evaluating, by artificial intelligence, the data from the camera in relation to attentiveness and an emotion of the vehicle user while the vehicle is controlled by the vehicle user,
the evaluated data being stored in the memory of the evaluation unit,
on a basis of either a predetermined emotion, recognized by the artificial intelligence, or a lack of attentiveness of the vehicle user, recognized by the artificial intelligence while the vehicle is controlled by the vehicle user, the vehicle user is notified of the emotion or inattentiveness recognized and the self-drive unit only being activated to take control of the vehicle from the vehicle user when either the emotion or the lack of attentiveness of the vehicle user persists for a predetermined period of time, and
an emergency stop being actuated, while the vehicle is controlled by the vehicle user, to carry out an emergency stop of the vehicle when activation of the self-drive unit fails, wherein the evaluation unit of the vehicle system is coupled to an electronic entertainment system, the electronic entertainment system is present in the vehicle, and the electronic entertainment system is activated on the basis of either the predetermined emotion recognized by the artificial intelligence or the lack of attentiveness of the vehicle user recognized by the artificial intelligence, the electronic entertainment system comprising a plurality of different types of media, and the electronic entertainment system being activated to play a specific type of media based on the predetermined emotion recognized by the artificial intelligence from a plurality of predetermined emotions stored in the memory of the evaluation unit, and if the predetermined emotion recognized by the artificial intelligence is bored and the vehicle is being driven by the self-drive unit, the electronic entertainment system is activated to play a film.

US Pat. No. 10,394,235

DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A driver assistance system for a vehicle, comprising:a wrong-way driving detection device having a camera and configured to detect upcoming wrong-way driving or wrong-way-driving underway; and
an output device, coupled with an infotainment device, that outputs a signal according to data from the wrong-way driving detection device, wherein the output device is configured to modify an operating state of the infotainment device according to the signal based on the data from the wrong-way driving detection device;
wherein the output device is further configured to stop, in response to a driver input while the operating state of the infotainment device is modified according to data from the wrong-way driving detection device, (i) output of a wrong way driving detection warning signal to the driver that is dependent on the wrong-way driving detection, and (ii) modification of the operating state of the infotainment device.

US Pat. No. 10,394,234

MULTI-SENSOR SAFE PATH SYSTEM FOR AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method for guiding an autonomous vehicle to avoid an obstruction, comprising:arranging a multiplicity of cameras to surveil an area intersected by a planned path of an autonomous vehicle;
acquiring image data using the cameras while the autonomous vehicle is moving along the planned path in the area;
processing the image data to detect a presence of and determine a current position of an object in the area;
determining that the current position of the object relative to a position of the autonomous vehicle violates a constraint;
generating data representing vehicle guidance information after determining that the current position of the object violates the constraint;
converting the data into vehicle guidance signals having a format acceptable to a vehicle management system configured for controlling movement of the autonomous vehicle;
receiving the vehicle guidance signals at the vehicle management system;
transmitting control signals from the vehicle management system to the autonomous vehicle which are a function of the received vehicle guidance signals; and
discontinuing a current movement of the autonomous vehicle in response to receipt of the control signals,
wherein the constraint is at least one of the following: (a) that the object not be in close proximity to the autonomous vehicle; and (b) that the object not be in an obstructing position along the planned path of the autonomous vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,394,233

DUAL-CONTROLLED RIDE-ON VEHICLE

Radio Flyer Inc., Chicag...

1. A dual-controlled powered ride-on vehicle comprising:a frame supported by front wheels and rear wheels, the front wheels provided for turning the ride-on vehicle, and the rear wheels provided for propelling the ride-on vehicle;
a steering wheel operably connected to the front wheels;
a steering motor operably connected to the front wheels;
a drive motor connected to at least one of the rear wheels, the drive motor operable in a forward direction and a reverse direction;
an accelerator;
a parent override switch;
a main controller electrically connected to the drive motor, the steering motor, the accelerator, and the parent override switch, the main controller receiving signals from the accelerator and the parent override switch, and the main controller sending signals to the drive motor and the steering motor;
a transceiver electrically connected to the main controller;
a remote control having an input member, a controller and a transceiver for transmitting and receiving signals to and from the transceiver electrically connected to the main controller; and,
wherein the main controller provides for three modes of operation of the ride-on vehicle, including a child only drive mode, a partial child and partial remote drive mode, and a full remote drive mode, and wherein the main controller switches between the three modes of operation in real time based on signals received from the remote control and the parent override switch.

US Pat. No. 10,394,232

CONTROL SYSTEM FOR SPD DEVICE AND HOME AUTOMATION

RESEARCH FRONTIERS INCORP...

1. A control system for controlling one or more devices including a suspended particle device (“SPD”) window, the control system comprising:a control device in communication with the one or more devices;
a remote control unit configured to transmit device control instructions based on user input from a user and current environmental information obtained by the remote control unit; and
the control device configured to control the operation of the one or more devices including the SPD window according to the device control instructions received from the remote control unit,
wherein the current environmental information includes sound level information indicating a present sound level in the vicinity of the remote control unit,
wherein the remote control unit transmits instructions to the one or more devices to operate the SPD window when the sound level is above a desired sound level.

US Pat. No. 10,394,230

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR INVERTING A SIMULATION PROCESS TO VALIDATE A PRODUCT DESIGN

DASSAULT SYSTEMES SIMULIA...

1. A computer-implemented method of inverting a simulation process, the method comprising:configuring a simulator with one or more simulation analysis methods configured for selection by the simulator to at least one simulation based on simulation analysis types;
providing, to the simulator, at least one of product design, design targets for the product, and operating environment conditions for the product;
automatically defining, by the simulator, at least one simulation for validating the product design by selecting one or more of the simulation analysis methods based on the product design parameters;
mapping each of a set of design targets for the product to an analysis type that is added to a list of analysis types associated with the product;
simplifying the list of analysis types by combining at least some of the analysis types in the list of analysis types;
generating the at least one simulation by determining an analysis sequence from the simplified list of analysis types;
executing the at least one defined simulation;
receiving product design input that indicates design targets for assessing the product design;
automatically analyzing, by the simulator, the resulting simulation data, using the received design targets, to validate the product design;
determining simulation input values for tuning or improving the validated product design; and
outputting the determined simulation input values to a user.

US Pat. No. 10,394,229

ORCHESTRATION OF LEARNING AND EXECUTION OF MODEL PREDICTIVE CONTROL TOOL FOR MANUFACTURING PROCESSES

International Business Ma...

1. A system controlling a manufacturing process, comprising:at least one first hardware processor;
the least one first hardware processor communicatively coupled to a control system that actuates actions to control the manufacturing process, and operable to perform:
receiving manufacturing process characteristics associated with the manufacturing process;
based on at least one of the manufacturing process characteristics, determining a prediction time at which to execute a selected machine learning model selected from multiple trained machine learning models, and at the prediction time, executing the selected machine learning model based on process data associated with the manufacturing process, the executing of the selected machine learning model predicting a control set point for future values of state variables of the manufacturing process; and
sending the control set point to the control system to control the manufacturing process by adjusting to the control set point.

US Pat. No. 10,394,228

COMPONENT MOUNTING LINE CHANGEOVER SUPPORT SYSTEM AND CHANGEOVER SUPPORT METHOD

FUJI CORPORATION, Chiryu...

1. A component mounting line changeover support system for a component mounting line that mounts components on a circuit board using multiple component mounters lined up along a conveyance path of a circuit board, the component mounting line changeover support system comprising:a batch exchange unit set on each of the multiple component mounters, the batch exchange unit being configured for batch exchanging multiple feeders that supply components or multiple suction nozzles that pick up the components and mount the components on the circuit board;
multiple exchange-use batch exchange units to be exchanged with the batch exchange units set on the component mounters;
a memorizing device configured to memorize setup information that is information of feeders or suction nozzles loaded on each of the multiple exchange-use batch exchange units used in a pre-changeover production; and
a changeover determining device configured to
acquire a list of the feeders and suction nozzles to be used in a post-changeover target job,
acquire the setup information from the memorizing device,
extract combinations of the setup information that include all of the feeders and suction nozzles to be used in the post-changeover target job,
calculate a production time for each extracted combination of the setup information,
decide an optimal combination of the setup information with a shortest production time, and
notify an operator of the optimal combination of batch exchange units that include all of the feeders or suction nozzles to be used in the post-changeover target job from among the multiple exchange-use batch exchange units.

US Pat. No. 10,394,227

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR A MULTI-PURPOSE SENSING DEVICE FOR INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION EQUIPMENT

Rockwell Automation Techn...

12. A system, comprising:a machine configured to operate in an industrial environment; and
a multi-purpose sensor configured to couple to the machine, wherein the multi-purpose sensor comprises:
a housing;
a plurality of sensors disposed within the housing of the multi-purpose sensor and configured to acquire a plurality of different types of sets of data associated with the machine or an environment surrounding the machine, wherein:
a first portion of the plurality of different types of sets of data comprises historical sensor measurements over time for each of the plurality of sensors; and
a second portion of the plurality of different types of sets of data comprises sensor measurements subsequent to when the first portion is acquired for each of the plurality of sensors; and
a processor disposed within the housing of the multi-purpose sensor and configured to communicatively couple to the plurality of sensors and configured to:
determine a baseline collective measurement signature for the plurality of sensors based on the first portion;
determine a subsequent collective measurement signature based on the second portion;
determine whether the subsequent collective measurement signature varies from the baseline collective measurement signature;
generate one or more signals in response to a variance existing between the subsequent collective measurement signature and the baseline collective measurement signature, wherein the one or more signals are configured to cause a computing device, a cloud-based computing system, a control/monitoring device, or some combination thereof in the industrial environment to perform a preventative action, diagnostic, predictive operation, or some combination thereof, and wherein the one or more signals comprises a command signal configured to adjust an operation of the machine; and
transmit the one or more signals to the computing device, the cloud-based computing system, the control/monitoring device, or some combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,394,226

CONTROL PARAMETER OPTIMIZING SYSTEM THAT OPTIMIZES VALUES OF CONTROL PARAMETERS OF AN EXISTING POWER PLANT AND OPERATION CONTROL OPTIMIZING APPARATUS EQUIPPED THEREWITH

Mitsubishi Hitachi Power ...

1. A control parameter optimizing system comprising:an objective function setting section that sets an objective function to be optimized in controlling operation of an existing power plant;
a plant model that simulates the operation of the existing power plant and calculates a process amount of the existing power plant and a value of the objective function; and
a control parameter optimizing section that optimizes values of control parameters of the existing power plant using the plant model in such a manner as to optimize the objective function;
wherein the control parameter optimizing section includes:
an optimization control parameter selecting section that, based on control logic information extracted from a control logic database of the existing power plant, selects a control parameter from the control parameters as an optimization control parameter that is for use in optimizing the objective function; and
an optimization control parameter adjusting section that adjusts a value of the optimization control parameter using the plant model in such a manner as to optimize the objective function.

US Pat. No. 10,394,225

SYNCHRONIZATION CONTROLLER HAVING FUNCTION OF SOLVING SHOCK GENERATED IN SYNCHRONIZATION START BLOCK

Fanuc Corporation, Yaman...

1. A synchronization controller configured to start to move a slave axis when a master axis passes a certain position and then move by a predetermined distance while the master axis moves from the position by a predetermined distance, the synchronization controller comprising:a synchronization operation instruction unit configured to set:
a master axis movement amount,
a slave axis movement amount, and
a position of the master axis at which the slave axis starts to be synchronized at a synchronization ratio set based on the slave axis movement amount and the master axis movement amount;
a synchronization magnification changing instruction unit configured to set the slave axis movement amount immediately before the synchronization from the start of changing of a speed ratio of the slave axis for synchronization with the master axis with a preset synchronization ratio to the end of changing of the speed ratio;
a synchronization parameter calculation unit configured to calculate a synchronization magnification at a time when changing of the synchronization magnification is completed, a master axis movement amount at a time when the synchronization magnification is changed, from the start of changing of a speed ratio of the slave axis for synchronization with the master axis with a preset synchronization ratio to the end of changing of the speed ratio, and a master axis movement amount from the current position of the master axis to a start of changing of the synchronization magnification, based on the slave axis movement amount, the master axis movement amount, and a position of the master axis at which the slave axis starts to be synchronized, which are set by the synchronization operation instruction unit, as well as the slave axis movement amount set by the synchronization magnification changing instruction unit;
a position calculation unit configured to calculate an inclination of the synchronization magnification which is graphically expressed as a linear function with respect to the position of the master axis and a position of the master axis at which the slave axis in a stop state starts to be operated, based on a calculation result of the synchronization parameter calculation unit to attain the synchronization magnification at a time when changing of the synchronization magnification is completed, calculated by the synchronization parameter calculation unit, at a time point when the slave axis completes moving by the movement amount set by the synchronization magnification changing instruction unit, or at the position of the master axis at which the slave axis starts to be synchronized set by the synchronization operation instruction unit; and
a slave axis movement amount output unit configured to output an instruction to the slave axis by gradually changing, from a position of the master axis at which a synchronization magnification changing operation is started, the inclination of the synchronization magnification with respect to a master axis speed.

US Pat. No. 10,394,224

FABRICATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND FABRICATION MANAGEMENT CONTROL APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. A fabrication management system comprising:a fabrication control apparatus including
a composite fabrication unit that fabricates a plurality of fabricated members in a single process, and
a controller that controls fabrication performed by the composite fabrication unit; and
a fabrication management server including
a designing section that, from fabrication information about a plurality of first fabricated members for which a fabrication request has been made, designs a second fabricated member that holds all of the first fabricated members in a removable manner, and
an instructing section that instructs fabrication to be performed in accordance with fabrication procedure information, the fabrication procedure information indicating a procedure for obtaining a finished fabricated object by assembling together the first fabricated members and the second fabricated member,
wherein data that identifies each of the fabricated members comprises voxel data saved in a fabricatable voxel (FAV) format.

US Pat. No. 10,394,223

DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING MACHINERY

1. A computing device for controlling the operation of an additive manufacturing machine, the computing device comprising:a memory element configured to store a three-dimensional model of a part to be manufactured, the three-dimensional model defining a plurality of cross sections of the part; and
a processing element in electronic communication with the memory element, the processing element configured to
receive the three-dimensional model,
determine a plurality of paths, one path across a surface of each cross section, each path including a plurality of parallel lines,
receive a processing temperature for a material used to manufacture the part,
determine a plurality of radiation beam powers, one radiation beam power for each line of each path, such that the radiation beam power varies logarithmically according to a length of the line for each line,
determine a plurality of radiation beam scan speeds, one radiation beam scan speed for each line of each path, such that the radiation beam scan speed for each line is a function of the processing temperature of the material used to manufacture the part, the length of the line, and the radiation beam power for the line,
generate a first signal to be received by a first component that controls power delivered by the radiation beam, control the power delivered to the radiation beam based on the first signal, the first signal including an electrical characteristic or data that varies according to each determined radiation beam power, and
generate a second signal to be received by a second component that controls a motion of the radiation beam, control the motion of the radiation beam based on the second signal, the second signal including an electrical characteristic or data that varies according to each determined radiation beam scan speed.

US Pat. No. 10,394,222

DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING MACHINERY

1. A computing device for controlling the operation of an additive manufacturing machine, the computing device comprising:a memory element configured to store a three-dimensional model of a part to be manufactured, the three-dimensional model defining a plurality of cross sections of the part; and
a processing element in electronic communication with the memory element, the processing element configured to
receive the three-dimensional model,
determine a path across a surface of each cross section, the path including a plurality of parallel lines,
calculate a power for a radiation beam to scan each of the lines, such that the power varies logarithmically according to a length of the line for each line,
calculate a scan speed for the radiation beam for each of the lines, such that the scan speed varies non-linearly according to the power of the radiation beam for each line,
generate a first signal to be received by a first component that controls power delivered by the radiation beam, control the power delivered to the radiation beam based on the first signal, the first signal including an electrical characteristic or data that varies according to each determined radiation beam power, and
generate a second signal to be received by a second component that controls a motion of the radiation beam, control the motion of the radiation beam based on the second signal, the second signal including an electrical characteristic or data that varies according to each determined radiation beam scan speed.

US Pat. No. 10,394,221

3D PRINTING USING 3D VIDEO DATA

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A system for transforming three dimensional (3D) video data into a 3D printable model, the system comprising:a processor; and
memory storing instructions, that when executed by the processor, cause the system to:
receive a selection of 3D video data for 3D printing;
identify at least one capability of a 3D printing device;
modify a portion of the selected 3D video data to generate a 3D model,
wherein the modifying defines at least one enclosed volume;
generate at least one base for the 3D model;
determine a bounding area based on the 3D model;
modify the at least one base based on the determined bounding area;
re-orient the at least one enclosed volume of the 3D model based on the least one capability of a 3D printing device; and
transmit the 3D model to a 3D printing device for generating at least one 3D object; and
direct the 3D printer device to print the at least one 3D object according to the 3D model.

US Pat. No. 10,394,220

CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A CRANE

TEREX GLOBAL GMBH, Schaf...

1. A crane with a control system for the crane comprising:a mobile terminal, the mobile terminal comprising one of a smartphone or a tablet computer with pre-installed application software for entering a control command for the crane and with a transmitting module for transmitting the control command,
a control unit arranged on the crane, and having a receiving module which is configured to receive the control command and is configured to being brought into signal linkage with the mobile terminal, the signal linkage being wireless, wherein the receiving module exhibits a radio interface, and wherein the radio interface comprises one of a WLAN interface, a mobile-radio interface, a Bluetooth interface or a USB interface, and
at least one crane module in signal linkage with the control unit for executing the control command wherein the at least one crane module comprises a positioning element and a functional element,
an identification unit integrated into the receiving module of the control unit for identifying the control command and for identifying one of the mobile terminals and a person operating the mobile terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,394,219

NUMERICAL CONTROLLER OPERATING FROM TABLE-FORMAT DATA

FANUC Corporation, Minam...

1. A numerical controller that performs a machining operation on a workpiece by controlling a drive motor of a machine tool based on table-format data, the numerical controller comprising:a table management unit that selects a plurality of tables of table-format data to be used for the machining operation;
a table readout unit that sequentially reads out the selected plurality of tables of table-format data;
a distribution processing unit that
updates one or more reference values specified by each of the tables of table-format data, the one or more reference values including one or more of (i) a period of time, (ii) a position of an axis of the machine tool, and (iii) a position of a spindle of the machine tool,
generates, for each of the tables of table-format data, distributed interpolation data for controlling a corresponding control axis of the machine tool on the basis of the updated one or more reference values specified by the respective tables of table-format data, and
sets selection and superimposition conditions for the distributed interpolation data generated for the tables of table-format data, the selection and superimposition conditions specifying, for each table of table-format data, whether the corresponding distributed interpolation data is to be superimposed with distributed interpolation data corresponding one or more other tables of table-format data;
a selection and superimposition unit that selects and superimposes, for each control axis of the machine tool, the distributed interpolation data generated by the distribution processing unit based on the selection and superimposition conditions; and
a motor control unit that controls a position of each control axis of the machine tool on the basis of the superimposed distributed interpolation data.

US Pat. No. 10,394,218

VIBRATION CUTTING PROCESS DIAGNOSTIC DEVICE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A vibration cutting process diagnostic device that is capable of diagnosing, before machining, propriety of a vibration cutting process used when a movable shaft is reciprocated to machine a sectional shape of a working object into a non-complete round shape, the device comprising:a frequency analyzer to calculate a frequency component contained in a position command signal for the movable shaft on a basis of machining shape data on the working object and a machining speed set value; and
a process diagnosis executor to diagnose propriety of machining the machining shape data under the machining speed set value on a basis of the frequency component, and a movable shaft parameter of the movable shaft, wherein
the process diagnosis executor
calculates a range of machining speeds that makes the process performable or a range of machining speeds that makes the process unperformable, and
causes the display the range.

US Pat. No. 10,394,217

MOTOR DRIVING APPARATUS

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A motor driving apparatus for driving a motor, the motor driving apparatus comprising:an amplifier circuit for receiving a signal corresponding to a sine wave from a detector and amplifying the signal with a set amplification factor, the detector outputting information including a position and a speed of the motor as the signal;
a frequency detecting part for detecting a frequency of the signal by calculating using a number of the signals each corresponding to the sine wave output by the detector per rotation of the motor and a motor rotational speed command value from a numerical control unit to the motor driving apparatus; and
an amplification factor setting part for changing setting of the amplification factor of the amplifier circuit according to the frequency detected by the frequency detecting part.

US Pat. No. 10,394,216

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CORRECTING A PROCESSING PATH OF A ROBOT-GUIDED TOOL

KUKA Deutschland GmbH, A...

1. A method for processing at least one component with a robot-guided tool, the method comprising:specifying respective target positions for a plurality of points of a processing path;
selecting points to be corrected from among the specified points, wherein the number of the selected points to be corrected is less than the number of the plurality of points of the processing path;
determining a respective actual position for the selected points on at least one component to be processed;
correcting only the selected points of the processing path based on the determined actual positions; and
controlling the robot-guided tool to traverse the processing path on the basis of the determined actual positions.

US Pat. No. 10,394,215

CONTROL METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR QUICK CHANGE DEVICE OF WORK TOOLS

Caterpillar Inc., Deerfi...

1. A control method for a quick change device of a work tool, the control method comprising the steps of:receiving a command to disengage a work tool clamping device;
determining whether the work tool clamping device is in an engaged state;
detecting a functionality of a disengagement alarm if the work tool clamping device is in the engaged state; and
switching to an emergency state upon detection of a failure of the disengagement alarm.

US Pat. No. 10,394,214

NUMERICAL CONTROLLER TEMPORARILY STOPPING FOR A PROGRAM CALL AND NUMERICAL CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

FANUC Corporation, Minam...

1. A numerical controller comprising:a controller configured to control a machine tool by analyzing and executing blocks of a machining program to machine a workpiece, wherein the controller has at least one of a macro call function and a sub program call function that enables an operation check to be performed on the machining program by temporarily stopping the machining program from machining the workpiece by the machine tool, and wherein the controller is configured to perform the method including:
analyzing the machining program;
determining whether a command of the analyzed machining program is at least one of a macro call and a sub program call;
determining a type of call and a number of times of the call, wherein the type of call includes a macro call or a sub program call;
determining whether the command of the analyzed program is one of a first call, a second call, or a call thereafter;
stopping execution of the machining program immediately after the at least one of the macro call and the sub program call when the determined command is the first call and when the determined command includes the at least one of the macro call and the sub program call; and
continuing execution of the machining program to machine the workpiece when the determined command includes the second call and the call thereafter and when the determined command includes the at least one of the macro call and the sub program call.

US Pat. No. 10,394,212

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR A SECURITY-CRITICAL APPLICATION

1. A device for an application, critical for safety of a process and execution, in a freely programmable electronic control in a machine environment, which comprises a computer and is embodied for the process control of application programs based on a run-time system comprising:a hardware component, in which the run-time system is integrated;
a central computer, which comprises a microcontroller with a monitoring component and/or a protective component and a first storage area and a second storage area; and
storage media connected to the central computer;
wherein the run-time system is a component of a run-time system structure in the form of a computer program, which is embodied at least in duplicate and which is based on a first run-time system and a second run-time system, the first run-time system being embodied as a safe system and the second run-time system embodied as a normal run-time system, with the run-time system structure representing a structure or environment for a run-time system which is configured to integrate an individual run-time system into the machine environment such that a normal application program and a safe application program can run on the computer of the machine environment;
an operating system or a replacement for an operating system is provided to generate different priority levels, in which a timer of the central computer is used for generating the different priority levels; and
the safe application program and the normal application program processing in parallel and independent from each other and any influence of the normal application program upon the safe application program being excluded, by the safe run-time system being given priority in reference to the normal run-time system;
the safe application program being capable of preventing the normal application program from processing tasks, wherein both the safe application program and the normal application program interact with the hardware component;
wherein the storage media comprise data exchange means, which are embodied as dual data exchange means with a first part and a second part, with the first part being embodied as a common storage and the second run-time system being in connection via the common storage to the first application program or the first run-time system;
wherein the second run-time system and the second application program are connected to the second storage area.

US Pat. No. 10,394,211

ELECTRONIC SAFETY SWITCHING DEVICE

1. An electronic safety switching device comprising at least a first and a second signal processing channel to which input signals are supplied for signal processing, and which provide processed output signals,wherein the first and the second signal processing channels process the supplied input signals redundantly with respect to one another, and each of the first and the second signal processing channel is formed as an integrated circuit,
wherein the first signal processing channel is arranged monolithically on a first semiconductor substrate, and the second signal processing channel is arranged monolithically on a second semiconductor substrate, and
wherein the first and the second semiconductor substrates are combined into a stack to form a one-piece electronic component.

US Pat. No. 10,394,210

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS

Strong Force IOT Portfoli...

1. A system for data collection, processing, and utilization of signals from at least a first element in a first machine in an industrial environment, the system comprising:a platform including a computing environment connected to a local data collection system having at least a first sensor signal and a second sensor signal obtained from at least the first machine in the industrial environment;
a first sensor in the local data collection system configured to be connected to the first machine;
a second sensor in the local data collection system; and
a crosspoint switch in the local data collection system having multiple inputs and multiple outputs including a first input connected to the first sensor and a second input connected to the second sensor, wherein the multiple outputs include a first output and a second output configured to be switchable between a condition in which the first output is configured to switch between delivery of the first sensor signal and the second sensor signal and a condition in which there is simultaneous delivery of the first sensor signal from the first output and the second sensor signal from the second output, wherein each of multiple inputs is configured to be individually assigned to any of the multiple outputs, wherein unassigned outputs are configured to be switched off producing a high-impedance state, and wherein the crosspoint switch includes a third input that is configured with a continuously monitored alarm having a pre-determined trigger condition when the third input is unassigned to any of the multiple outputs.

US Pat. No. 10,394,209

ELECTRIC MOTOR ADDRESSING FOR PLANTERS

AGCO Corporation, Duluth...

12. An electric motor addressing system for a planter implement comprising:a wire harness comprising a plurality of connectors, each connector comprising a unique pin connector value, the wire harness providing a data bus for data communications;
a plurality of devices coupled respectively to the plurality of connectors, each device comprising circuitry that can read the respective pin connector value and communicate the respective pin connector value over the data bus;
an electronic control unit (ECU) coupled to the plurality of devices via the wire harness, wherein the ECU is configured to:
receive an address claim request over the data bus from at least one of the devices, the address claim request comprising the associated pin connector value and a bus address;
associate the pin connector value to a physical address of the at least one of the devices;
map the bus address to the physical address; and
communicate with the at least one of the devices over the data bus based on the physical address.

US Pat. No. 10,394,208

SERVER APPARATUS IN ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND OPERATING METHOD OF THEREOF

LSIS CO., LTD., Anyang-s...

1. An energy management system comprising:a client device; and
a server including:
a communication unit configured to communicate with the client device;
a storage unit configured to store data related to control and management of the energy management system; and
a controller configured to:
classify a plurality of tasks included in a first process according to a predetermined criterion;
create a plurality of second processes from the first process; and
provide the plurality of second processes to a processor when the first process requested by the client includes the plurality of tasks; and
wherein the processor is configured to:
process the first process requested by the client device when the first process does not include the plurality of tasks; and
process the plurality of second processes provided by the controller by referring to the data when the first process includes the plurality of tasks;
wherein, if a load is weighted on a second process performing a predetermined task, the controller is further configured to control the processor to additionally create another second process performing the predetermined task.

US Pat. No. 10,394,206

IRRIGATION CONTROLLER AND SYSTEM INTEGRATING NO-WATERING RESTRICTIONS AND AN EMPIRICALLY-DERIVED EVAPOTRANSPIRATION LOCAL CHARACTERISTIC CURVE

1. An irrigation controller for regulating at least one water control valve corresponding to a watering zone, comprising:an irrigation controller comprising:
a housing;
a microcontroller housed within said housing and programmed with a microcontroller program that receives data;
a data input system configured to allow data to be imported into said irrigation controller; wherein said data input system comprises a data input receiver operable to receive a customized watering budget/schedule;
at least one non-volatile memory storage medium configured to receive and to store data from said microcontroller; and
a real-time clock operatively connected to said microcontroller;
a customer-accessible processor providing an irrigation customization software application;
wherein said customer-accessible processor performs the steps of: (1.) receiving input property-specific data; (2.) accessing evapotranspiration data for at least one locality; (3.) accessing any mandatory watering restriction regulation data; and
 (4.) calculating said customized watering budget/schedule for at least one designated watering zone for distribution over a specified time period based on using a minute-based representation of a total water volume and by allocating said total water volume or allocating a reduced total water volume to be distributed within said specified time period for said designated watering zone;
wherein said customized watering budget/schedule is based on at least said input property-specific data, on said evapotranspiration data, and on said any regulation data; wherein said customized watering budget/schedule allocates said minute-based representation of a total water volume into a particular number of watering days per said specified time period for said designated watering zone, into a particular number of watering events per each of said watering days for said designated watering zone, and into a particular number of minutes per said watering event for said designated watering zone;
wherein said microcontroller is electrically connected to said at least one water control valve associated with said designated watering zone; and
wherein said microcontroller electrically opens and closes said at least one water control valves based on said customized watering budget/schedule for said designated zone.

US Pat. No. 10,394,205

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REAL-TIME CONTROL

Virtual Peaker, Inc., Lo...

1. A method for real time control comprising:executing, by a first computing device, a first control cycle that includes at least the following:
retrieving an input message, wherein the input message includes an identifier of a network device that includes an input and an actuator;
retrieving a context object from the identifier in the input message that includes a serialized controller data structure from a previous control sample of the network device and a list of required inputs for the control system;
gathering new inputs for the control system based on the requirements in the context object and bundling the new inputs with the serialized controller data structure into a run message;
de-serializing the serialized controller data structure;
using the controller data structure in conjunction with the new inputs to determine a new actuator position of the actuator;
updating and serializing the controller data structure; and
causing the actuator to be set to the new actuator position; and
executing, by a second computing device, a second control cycle for the network device.

US Pat. No. 10,394,204

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR SYNTHESIS OF A WAVEGUIDE ARRAY ANTENNA

Waymo LLC, Mountain View...

1. A method comprising:receiving, by a device that includes one or more processors, one or more criteria for an antenna that includes one or more waveguides and a plurality of radiation elements along one or more sides of the one or more waveguides;
accessing a dataset configured to associate given radiation characteristics of a given radiation element with given configuration parameters related to at least a size or an orientation of the given radiation element; and
generating, based on the dataset, configuration parameters for the plurality of radiation elements to cause the antenna to be associated with the one or more criteria.

US Pat. No. 10,394,203

CONTROL DEVICE, CONTROL METHOD, AND PROGRAM PERFORMING A TABULATION OPERATION AT HIGH SPEED

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A control device comprising:a memory to store data acquired from an external apparatus; and
a processor programmed to:
extract data stored in the memory;
store the extracted data in a buffer corresponding to the data among a plurality of buffers provided according to the data to be stored; and
perform arithmetic processing of data stored in different buffers among the plurality of buffers,
wherein the plurality of buffers are provided according to each of the predetermined types, and the processor extracts the data according to each of the predetermined types and performs the arithmetic processing corresponding to each of the predetermined types by using the data stored in the corresponding buffers among the plurality of buffers provided according to each of the predetermined types, and
wherein the buffers are provided to correspond to each of the predetermined types and collection cycles of data,
the processor is further programed to:
extract the data of the predetermined types at a first cycle and extract the data at a second cycle different front the first cycle concerning the collection cycles of data, and
store, on the basis of the predetermined types and the first cycle, the data extracted at the first cycle in a buffer corresponding to the data among the buffers and store, on the basis of the predetermined types and the second cycle, the data extracted at the second cycle in a buffer corresponding to the data different from the buffer in which the data extracted at the first cycle is stored among the buffers.

US Pat. No. 10,394,201

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING DEVICE OF ONE REGION AMONG A PLURALITY OF REGIONS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of a server for controlling a device in a second region of a second user among a plurality of regions, the method comprising:acquiring situation information of a first region being adjacent to the second region among the plurality of regions, the situation information being determined based on information from sensors located in the first region;
identifying a threshold of an output for devices in the second region based on the situation information of the first region;
determining an operation value for the device, which is located in the second region, based on a noise level of the second region, the operation value being determined based on the noise level of the second region and the threshold; and
transmitting the operation value to the device or a gateway connected to the device.

US Pat. No. 10,394,200

CONTROLLING METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SMART HOME

SHENZHEN SKYWORTH-RGB ELE...

1. A controlling method for smart home comprising:obtaining a router position of a router by connecting the router to a mobile terminal and using a global positioning system (GPS) module of the mobile terminal;
recording, by a home appliance, a plurality of operation information of the home appliance;
collecting, by the home appliance, the plurality of operation information based on a sensor module arranged in the home appliance;
transmitting, by the home appliance, the plurality of operation information to the router wirelessly through a radio module arranged in the home appliance;
analyzing, by the router, the plurality of operation information to obtain a working period and a working mode of the home appliance;
obtaining a terminal location information of the mobile terminal to obtain a distance between the router and the mobile terminal; and
transmitting, by the router, a control signal to the radio module of the home appliance to control the home appliance automatically running in the working mode corresponding to the working period when the distance between the router and the mobile terminal is less than a preset threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,394,199

COLLABORATIVE ADJUSTMENT OF RESOURCES WITHIN A MANAGED ENVIRONMENT

International Business Ma...

1. A method for adjusting a resource within an area utilizing voting by users, the method comprising:determining, by one or more computer processors, that a value corresponding to one or more of users requesting to adjust a resource associated with an area meets a threshold value to qualify as a quorum of users, wherein the quorum of users are located within an area affected by the request to adjust the resource, and wherein the quorum of users are determined based on a location associated with the one or more users requesting to adjust the resource;
in response to determining that the quorum of users, located within the area affected by the request to adjust the resource, requests to adjust the resource associated with the area, generating, by one or more computer processors, a voting poll for the resource associated with the area;
communicating, by one or more computer processors, the generated voting poll to a plurality of users within the area affected by the request to adjust the resource;
identifying, by one or more computer processors, valid responses to the communicated voting poll based on a first policy related to the resource associated with the area;
determining, by one or more processors, a response to the voting poll, wherein the response is based at least in part on the first policy related to the resource and aggregated valid responses of the voting poll; and
applying, by one or more computer processors, the determined response to the resource associated with the area.

US Pat. No. 10,394,198

TRANSMITTER AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING INDUCTIVE WIRELESS ENERGY TRANSMISSION

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A transmitter for providing inductive wireless energy transmission, comprising:a transmission device for generating an alternating magnetic field;
a determination device for determining an object signal which indicates an object in the area of the transmission device, wherein the object signal is a function of the power absorbed by the object located in the magnetic field; and
a control device for controlling the alternating magnetic field based on the object signal, wherein the control device changes the strength of the alternating magnetic field to provide at least three different levels of magnetic field strength based on an amplitude of the object signal determined by the determination device;
wherein the control device controls the alternating magnetic field so that it does not exceed a predetermined magnetic field strength,
wherein the transmission device transmits energy inductively from a power supply to a consumer device,
wherein an accident risk is associated with the object, which is magnetizable or electrically conductive,
wherein the amplitude of the object signal corresponds to a power absorbed by the object or which corresponds to a size of the object,
wherein the strength of the alternating magnetic field is adjusted to the signal and accordingly to the size or a magnetic susceptibility of the object, so as to keep an absolute heating of the object at a predetermined level, so as to prevent a premature termination of an energy transmission,
wherein an energy transfer process last longer due to a reduced strength of the magnetic field,
wherein a transmitting of a predetermined amount of energy is achievable even if the object is present, and
wherein the object is an inanimate object.

US Pat. No. 10,394,197

MODEL PREDICTIVE CONTROL DEVICE, CONTROL METHOD OF MODEL PREDICTIVE CONTROL DEVICE, INFORMATION PROCESSING PROGRAM AND RECORDING MEDIUM

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. A model predictive control device, using a model of a controlled object to predict a controlled quantity of the controlled object corresponding to a command value generated in each control cycle according to a target trajectory and characterized by comprising:a controller configured to judge whether cyclicity exists specific to a time change of a model predictive error, wherein the model predictive error is an error between an actually measured value of the controlled quantity of the controlled object and a predictive value of the controlled quantity predicted by using the model;
correct the predictive value of the controlled quantity predicted by using the model in a certain predictive error variation cycle by using the model predictive error in a predictive error variation cycle prior to the certain predictive error variation cycle when the controller judges that the cyclicity exists specific to the time change of the model predictive error, wherein a cycle of the time change of the model predictive error is the predictive error variation cycle;
adjust the controlled quantity of the controlled object according to the corrected predictive value;
respectively computing continuous model predictive errors specific to a plurality of continuous control cycles; and
detecting a maximum and a minimum of the model predictive error according to a time change of the continuous model predictive errors respectively,
wherein the controller judges whether the cyclicity exists specific to the time change of the model predictive errors from the maximum and the minimum respectively detected by the controller,
the controller only detects maximums and minimums of which a difference is larger than a prescribed value in maximums and minimums of the model predictive error in the time change of the continuous model predictive errors.

US Pat. No. 10,394,196

NUMERICAL CONTROL SYSTEM FOR DETECTING DEFECTS

Fanuc Corporation, Yaman...

1. A numerical control system comprising:a numerical controller;
a control panel of a machine tool; and
a plurality of input/output (I/O) units mounted inside the control panel of the machine tool, the plurality of (I/O) units configured for data transfer between the numerical controller and the control panel of the machine tool;
a computer aided design (CAD) data storage for storing CAD data for control panel design, the CAD data storage including shape information indicating an external shape and an internal structure of the control panel and mounting information indicating at least a location, an I/O unit inside the control panel being mounted at the location;
an I/O assignment data storage for storing I/O assignment data recording a connection state of the I/O unit;
a relevant information storage for recording relevant information between the I/O assignment data and the mounting information of each of the I/O units,
wherein the numerical controller is configured to:
control the machine tool to perform machining;
receive the data from at least one of the plurality of input/output (I/O) units mounted inside the control panel;
analyze the received data;
detect, based on the analysis of the received data, a defect occurrence region where a defect of the numerical controller or a defect the I/O unit is occurring; and
control a display to display the defect occurrence region on a shape image of the control panel based on information related to the defect occurrence region, the I/O assignment data, the relevant information, and the CAD data.

US Pat. No. 10,394,195

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING OPTIMIZATION

Board of Regents, The Uni...

1. A method for optimizing a manufacturing process, the method comprising:enabling a user to import or create a three-dimensional model of a product to be manufactured;
enabling the user to import or create a three-dimensional model of a manufacturing system to be used to manufacture the product;
enabling the user to select parameters for the product and the manufacturing system; and
automatically calculating performance metrics for the manufacturing process based upon the user-specified models and parameters, the performance metrics including at least one of process yield, cycle time, overall cost, and product performance.

US Pat. No. 10,394,194

ADAPTIVE CONTROL METHODS FOR BUILDINGS WITH SECURITY

Edison Labs, Inc., San F...

1. A method for controlling a first switch terminal of a building occupied by one or more building occupants, comprising:a first switch terminal with an integrated first computer system of the building at a first location of the building;
a first plurality of sensors integrated with the first switch terminal and the first computer system, at least a portion of the sensors are configured to provide signal data to the first computer system, the first computer system producing an output selected from at least one of: a command output for a local control system, a command output for a different system, a data output for a different system, a command output for a non-local device or a data output that is a non-local device;
providing a second switch terminal with an integrated second computer system and an integrated second set of sensors;
a first switch terminal interface integrated at the first switch terminal and configured to receive a command input from a building occupant and serves as a point of interaction between the first computer system and the building occupant, the interface selected from at least one of: touch, graphics, sound, position, movement, voice, communication, wireless, and radio, the system configured to provide information of how at least a portion of the first plurality of sensors relate to the second plurality of sensors;
providing signal data to the first computer system from a first plurality of sensors include in the first switch terminal, at least a portion of the first plurality of sensors are configured to provide signal data to the first computer system;
producing an output selected from at least one of: a command output for a local control system, a command output for a different system, a data output for a different system, and a command output for a non-local device or a data output that is a non-local device, each of an output including data from previous data collected from the first and second switch terminals;
the first switch terminal and the second switch terminal interacting and coordinating their operations to provide that the second switch terminal supplements information obtained from the first switch terminal to allow the first and second switch terminals to execute additional capabilities to provide outputs including learned data from previous data collected by the first and second switch terminals;
in response to received signals from at least one sensor of the first or second plurality of sensors the first or second computer system determining if an action needs to be taken relative to appliances or electronic devices in the building, the system configured to provide information of how at least a portion of the first plurality of sensors relate to the second plurality of sensors; and
using a motion detection sensor to detect motion of a building occupant in the building.

US Pat. No. 10,394,193

WELLBORE NON-RETRIEVAL SENSING SYSTEM

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

3. A computer-implemented method, comprising:initiating a survey of a wellbore using a NRSS;
preloading plural DMs into the NRSS;
configuring the NRSS to gather and store sensing data for the wellbore;
deploying the NRSS into the wellbore;
gathering and storing environmental condition or wellbore information using NRSS;
monitoring conditions for release of the plural DMs into the wellbore;
deploying the plural DMs into the wellbore, wherein deploying the plural DMs includes using a mechanical release system that includes a spring encased in a housing of the NRSS, the spring configured to cause deployment of the plural DMs using inertial motion of the NRSS when the NRSS reaches a stopping point the survey of the NRSS;
gathering and storing environmental conditions using battery-powered ones of the plural DMs;
acquiring data from the plural DMs; and
using the acquired data for making operational decisions.

US Pat. No. 10,394,192

SMART WATCH, OPERATION CONTROL METHOD AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A smart watch, comprising:a watch body, the watch body comprising a display screen and a system board, the system board comprising at least a microprocessor, a memory and a communication module;
a watchband configured to fix the watch body on a user's wrist;
a biosensor integrated on a surface of the watchband configured to contact the user's wrist; and
a metal ring disposed around the watch body and protruding above an upper surface of the watch body, the metal ring configured to fix and protect the watch body;
wherein an outer wall of the metal ring includes two functional regions, each functional region includes a fingerprint identification sensor and a fingerprint identification module, the fingerprint sensor is disposed on a surface of the corresponding functional region, and the fingerprint identification module is disposed inside the corresponding functional region.

US Pat. No. 10,394,191

TIME-TO-DIGITAL CONVERTER

NANYANG TECHNOLOGICAL UNI...

1. A time-to-digital converter, comprising:an oscillator controller for receiving a start signal and a stop signal and outputting a mode signal;
an invertible oscillator electrically connected with the oscillator controller for receiving the mode signal, wherein an oscillation direction of the invertible oscillator is inverted according to the mode signal, and the invertible oscillator outputs plural delay signals; and
a measurement circuit electrically connected with the invertible oscillator for receiving the plural delay signals, wherein the measurement circuit receives a sampling signal, samples the plural delay signals in accordance with the sampling signal, and outputs an output signal.

US Pat. No. 10,394,190

PROTECTION OF A BLADE RESONATOR MECHANISM AGAINST AXIAL SHOCKS

The Swatch Group Research...

1. A timepiece resonator mechanism comprising:a structure and at least one inertial element arranged to oscillate in a pivoting movement around a pivot axis with the centre of inertia of said at least one inertial element aligned on said pivot axis,
wherein said at least one inertial element is subjected to restoring forces exerted by a plurality of elastic blades, each of said plurality of elastic blades fixed directly or indirectly to said structure at a first end and fixed directly or indirectly to said at least one inertial element at a second end, and each of said plurality of elastic blades extends in a perpendicular plane to said pivot axis and is substantially deformable in said perpendicular plane to said pivot axis,
wherein said resonator mechanism comprises axial stop means comprising at least a lower axial stop and/or an upper axial stop, and said axial stop means are arranged to cooperate as a stop rest with at least one of the plurality of elastic blades or the at least one inertial element for the protection of said resonator mechanism against axial shocks in the direction of said pivot axis,
wherein said resonator mechanism comprises a plurality of said inertial elements, which extend over a plurality of parallel levels, and
wherein said axial stop means of said resonator mechanism further comprises at least one intermediate axial stop, which is arranged between two adjacent levels of said plurality of parallel levels of said inertial elements.

US Pat. No. 10,394,189

DISPLAY DEVICE FOR HOLOGRAPHIC RECONSTRUCTION

SEEREAL TECHNOLOGIES S.A....

1. A display device for holographic reconstruction, comprisingA spatial light modulator device having combined phase modulating pixels and amplitude modulating pixels,
An illumination unit capable of illumination of the spatial light modulator device,
a reflection plane,arranged for generating sufficiently coherent light, emitted by the illumination unit, entering the spatial light modulator device, the light passing both a phase modulating pixel and an amplitude modulating pixel of the spatial light modulator device, where the light is reflected at an oblique angle by the reflection plane provided between the phase modulating pixels and the amplitude modulating pixels seen in a direction of propagation of light, and where the reflection plane is in a parallel arrangement to the layer having the phase modulation pixels and the amplitude modulating pixels.

US Pat. No. 10,394,188

PROTECTION OF PRIVATE CONTENT AND OBJECTS

International Business Ma...

1. A method of generating a holographic image for shielding objects from view, comprising:detecting a specified presence around a given object;
determining if the detected presence has authorization to view the given object;
and determining when and where to build a three-dimensional holographic shielding image between the given object and the detected presence to shield the given object from the detected presence, including when the detected presence does not have the authorization to view the given object, a holographic display apparatus building the three dimensional holographic shielding image between the given object and the detected presence to shield the given object from the detected presence, including
determining a position of the detected presence, using the determined position of the detected presence for determining a position for the holographic shielding image, and the holographic display apparatus building the holographic shielding image at the determined position for the holographic shielding image; and wherein:
the specified presence moves relative to the given object; and
the building a three-dimensional holographic image includes dynamically adjusting positions of the three-dimensional holographic image as the specified presence moves relative to the given object to keep the three-dimensional holographic image between the specified presence and the given object.

US Pat. No. 10,394,187

EXPOSURE DEVICES, STATIC ELIMINATOR, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS COMPRISING THE SAME

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a photoreceptor; and
an exposure device configured to expose a surface of the photoreceptor and to form an electrostatic latent image,
wherein the exposure device includes:
a light source configured to emit a beam;
a polygon mirror configured to deflect the beam emitted from the light source; and
a polygon motor configured to rotate the polygon mirror,
wherein the polygon motor is rotated at least temporarily when an aging mode to remove moisture from the surface of the photoreceptor is executed,
the image forming apparatus further comprises an intermediate transferring belt capable of coming into contact with and separating from the photoreceptor,
the intermediate transferring belt is separated from the photoreceptor when the aging mode is executed.

US Pat. No. 10,394,186

POWDER CONTAINER AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A powder container for use with an image forming apparatus, the image forming apparatus including a driving protrusion that is rotatable and that protrudes toward an upstream side in an insertion direction in which the powder container is inserted, the powder container comprising:a container body to store powder,
a cap attached to the container body; and
a transmitted structure provided on the cap to contact the driving protrusion, wherein
the transmitted structure extends outward from an outer circumference of the powder container,
the cap is rotatable relative to the container body in a predetermined angular range, and
the rotation of the cap relative to the container body is restricted so that the container body rotates along with the rotation of the cap when the rotation of the cap exceeds the predetermined angular range.

US Pat. No. 10,394,185

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus configured to form an image on a recording medium, the image forming apparatus comprising:a main body;
a cartridge provided with a photosensitive member and being removable from the main body;
a light emitting member provided with a plurality of light emitting elements arranged in a rotation axis direction of the photosensitive member and configured to cause the plurality of light emitting elements to emit light to expose the photosensitive member;
a transfer member configured to transfer a toner image formed on the photosensitive member;
a cartridge moving member configured to move the cartridge between a first position for forming the image on the recording medium and a second position in which the cartridge is further retracted away from the transfer member than in the first position; and
a light emitting member moving member configured to move the light emitting member between a third position in which the light emitting member exposes the photosensitive member in order to form the image on the recording medium and a fourth position in which the light emitting member is further retracted away from the cartridge than in the third position,
wherein the cartridge moving member comprises a supporting member configured to support the cartridge, a first connecting member and a second connecting member,
wherein the supporting member comprises the light emitting member moving member,
wherein the first connecting member and the second connecting member are respectively connected to the supporting member at positions separated in the rotation axis direction of the photosensitive member, and the first connecting member and the second connecting member are connected to the supporting member and the main body so as to be rotatable with respect to the supporting member and the main body, and
wherein the cartridge is movable between the first position and the second position by movement of the supporting member by a rotation of the first connecting member and the second connecting member, and the light emitting member is movable between the third position and the fourth position by the movement of the supporting member by the rotation of the first connecting member and the second connecting member.

US Pat. No. 10,394,184

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH CONTACT-SEPARATION MECHANISM FOR IMAGE CARRIER

Oki Data Corporation, To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image carrier;
a developer carrier disposed so as to face the image carrier;
a transfer body disposed so as to face the image carrier;
a contact-separation mechanism configured to bring the developer carrier and the image carrier into contact with each other and separate the developer carrier and the image carrier from each other, the contact-separation mechanism being configured to bring the image carrier and the transfer body into contact with each other and separate the image carrier and the transfer body from each other;
a frame;
a process unit that is rotatably mounted on the frame and includes the image carrier; and
a developing unit that is rotatably mounted on the process unit and includes the developer carrier;
wherein the contact-separation mechanism
brings the developer carrier into contact with the image carrier and separates the developer carrier from the image carrier by rotating the developing unit with respect to the process unit, and
brings the image carrier into contact with the transfer body and separates the image carrier from the transfer body by rotating the process unit with respect to the frame.

US Pat. No. 10,394,183

LINK MECHANISM AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. A link mechanism comprising:a rotatable link having
a fulcrum pin on which the rotatable link rotates, and
a connecting pin provided at a different position from the fulcrum pin; and
a supporting member having
a guiding groove along which the connecting pin of the rotatable link that is moved between two positions is guided, and
a supporting groove in which the fulcrum pin of the rotatable link is rotatably supported,
wherein the guiding groove of the supporting member includes a long-side guiding portion shaped with a curvature that is greater than a curvature of a substantially arc shape defined by a radius corresponding to a distance between the fulcrum pin and the connecting pin of the rotatable link, and
wherein the supporting groove of the supporting member is a substantially oblong groove extending in a direction intersecting a direction in which the long-side guiding portion of the guiding groove extends.

US Pat. No. 10,394,182

CARTRIDGE, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND ASSEMBLING METHOD OF DRIVE TRANSMISSION UNIT

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A cartridge detachably mountable to a main assembly of an image forming apparatus, the cartridge comprising:a rotatable member;
a rotational force receiving member for transmitting a rotational force to be transmitted to the rotatable member;
a preventing member connected with the rotational force receiving member and including an accommodating portion therein;
a rotatable coupling member including (i) a free end portion that includes a rotational force receiving portion for receiving the rotational force and (ii) a connecting portion connected with the preventing member to be partly accommodated in the accommodating portion so that a rotational axis of the coupling member is tiltable relative to a rotational axis of the rotational force receiving member; and
a shaft portion capable of receiving the rotational force from the coupling member, wherein the rotational axis of the coupling member is tiltable relative to the shaft portion,
wherein the preventing member includes a supporting portion for supporting one end of the shaft portion so as to prevent the shaft portion from moving in a rotational direction of the rotatable member to transmit the rotational force received from the shaft portion via the supporting portion to the rotational force receiving member,
wherein the supporting portion has a first surface and a second surface which are contactable with the one end of the shaft portion and which extend in the rotational axis direction of the rotatable member,
wherein the first surface and the second surface are disposed opposed to each other with respect to the one end of the shaft portion,
wherein the one end of the shaft portion is prevented from moving in a rotational direction of the rotatable member relative to the preventing member, and
wherein the rotational force receiving member and the preventing member are separate parts connected together.

US Pat. No. 10,394,181

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS FRAME

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A method of manufacturing an image forming apparatus comprising a frame configured to support an image forming unit, the frame including (a) a first column member, (b) a second column member, and (c) a connecting unit configured to connect the first column member and the second column member, the connecting unit including (i) a first member including a welding surface that is disposed at a portion of the first member closer to one end of the connecting unit than a center of the connecting unit in a longitudinal direction of the connecting unit, (ii) a second member including a welding surface that is disposed at a portion of the second member closer to another end of the connecting unit than the center of the connecting unit in the longitudinal direction of the connecting unit, the method comprising:adjusting a length between the welding surface of the first member and the welding surface of the second member to a predetermined distance by relatively sliding the first member and the second member in the longitudinal direction;
fixing the first member and the second member after the length between the welding surface of the first member and the welding surface of the second member is adjusted in the step of adjusting the length;
welding the welding surface of the first member with the first column member; and
welding the welding surface of the second member with the second column member.

US Pat. No. 10,394,180

CLEANING BLADE

NOK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A cleaning blade, comprising:an elastic body formed of a rubber base material molded product, and a surface treatment layer on at least an area of the elastic body to be brought into contact with a cleaning object, wherein,
the surface treatment layer is a hardened product containing an isocyanate compound with which a surface portion of the elastic body has been impregnated and which has been reacted with the elastic body;
the surface treatment layer has an elastic modulus of 95 MPa or lower;
the elastic body has an elastic modulus of 20 MPa to 60 MPa; and
the difference in elastic modulus between the surface treatment layer and the elastic body is 1 MPa or greater.

US Pat. No. 10,394,179

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH CLEANING UNIT

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image holding member;
a charging unit that charges a surface of the image holding member;
an electrostatic charge image forming unit that forms an electrostatic charge image on the charged surface of the image holding member;
a developing unit that has an electrostatic charge image developer and that develops the electrostatic charge image on the surface of the image holding member with the electrostatic charge image developer to form a toner image;
a transfer unit that transfers the toner image formed on the surface of the image holding member to the surface of a recording medium; and
a cleaning unit having a cleaning blade that is in contact with the surface of the image holding member to clean the surface of the image holding member, wherein:
the electrostatic charge image developer contains toner,
the toner contains an amorphous polyester resin as a binder resin;
a tetrahydrofuran-soluble component of the toner particles has a weight average molecular weight Mw and a number average molecular weight Mn;
the Mw is in the range of 25,000 to 60,000;
Mw/Mn is in the range of 5 to 10;
a ratio of an absorbance of the toner particles for a wavenumber of 1500 cm?1 to an absorbance for a wavenumber of 720 cm?1 is 0.6 or less;
a ratio of an absorbance of the toner particles for a wavenumber of 820 cm?1 to the absorbance for a wavenumber of 720 cm?1 is 0.4 or less; and
in the cleaning unit, a variation in a load applied by the cleaning blade to the image holding member in a slide test is 1.5 gf/mm or less, in which in the slide test, an image holding member which has a diameter of 30 mm and with which the cleaning blade is in contact at a contact angle of 23° and a pressing pressure of 4.0 gf/mm is rotated 100,000 times at a rotational speed of 175 mm/sec to slide the cleaning blade.

US Pat. No. 10,394,178

SHEET FEEDING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A sheet feeding device comprising:a stacking unit configured to stack a sheet;
a feeding member including (a) a rotatable feeding roller configured to feed the sheet having been stacked on said stacking unit and (b) a supplying roller configured to supply the sheet fed by said feeding roller;
a holding member holding said feeding member;
a holder supporting portion provided above said stacking unit and configured to detachably support said holding member;
a raising and lowering unit configured to raise and lower said holding member;
a detecting unit having a detection state that is changed by movement of said holding member; and
a control unit capable of operating said raising and lowering unit to raise and lower said holding member in a state that said holding member is not mounted to said holder supporting portion,
wherein, when the detection state changes from a first state to a second state, said control unit discriminates that said holding member is mounted to said holder supporting portion,
wherein, when the first detection state of said detecting unit is maintained, despite the movement of said raising and lowering unit, said control unit discriminates that said holding member is not mounted to said holder supporting portion,
wherein said holder supporting portion includes (a) a driving shaft configured to rotate said supplying roller and (b) a movable shaft movable in an axial direction of said driving shaft, and
wherein said holding member is supported by said holder supporting portion by the engagement between said driving shaft and said movable shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,394,177

DRIVE TRANSMISSION APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A drive transmission apparatus comprising:a first input gear configured to be driven by driving force from a driving source;
a first swing gear configured to be rotated by driving force from the first input gear;
a first swing member comprising a first engagement portion and a first retaining portion configured to retain the first swing gear in a rotatable manner; and
a supporting portion configured to support the first swing member swingably between a first position and a second position in a swinging direction about an axis of the first input gear,
wherein the supporting portion comprises:
a first portion configured to face the first engagement portion and permit the first swing member to be moved with respect to the supporting portion in a direction intersecting the axis of the first input gear in a case where the first swing member is on the first position; and
a second portion configured to engage with the first engagement portion and restrict the first swing member from being moved away from the supporting portion in the direction intersecting the axis of the first input gear in a case where the first swing member is in the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,394,176

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH ADJUSTMENT OF TONER CONTENT IN DEVELOPER

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image bearing member;
a developing device configured to develop, with a developer containing toner and a carrier, an electrostatic latent image formed on said image bearing member;
a toner content detecting portion configured to detect a toner content in the developer in said developing device;
a supplying device configured to supply the toner to said developing device on the basis of an output of said toner content detecting portion to maintain the toner content in the developer in said developing device at a target value;
a calculating portion configured to calculate an image ratio of an image to be outputted;
a toner image detecting portion configured to detect a density of a toner image formed by said developing device;
an adjusting portion configured to adjust the target value on the basis of a result of detection of a density of a detection toner image by said toner image detecting portion, the detection toner image being formed by said developing device; and
a controller configured to control an execution frequency of said adjusting portion so that said adjusting portion effects adjustment after a number of times of image formation after occurrence of a high change rate of the image ratio that is greater than a predetermined change rate reaches a first value, and said adjusting portion effects adjustment after the number of times of image formation after occurrence of a low change rate of the image ratio that is lower than the predetermined change rate reaches a second value greater than the first value.

US Pat. No. 10,394,175

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS THAT USES A PREDETERMINED MEASUREMENT IMAGE AND CONTROLS IMAGE DENSITY

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus that forms an image on a sheet, the image forming apparatus comprising:a conversion unit configured to convert image data based on a conversion condition;
an image forming unit configured to form an image based on the converted image data;
an image bearing member;
a measurement unit configured to measure irregular reflection light from a measurement image on the image bearing member; and
a controller configured to control the image forming unit to form a plurality of measurement images including a predetermined measurement image based on measurement image data, to control the measurement unit to measure irregular reflection light from an area on the image bearing member where the plurality of measurement images are not formed, to control the measurement unit to measure the irregular reflection light from the plurality of measurement images, to determine whether a measurement result of the predetermined measurement image is selected as a measurement result used for generating the conversion condition based on the measurement result of the area, and to generate the conversion condition based on the selected measurement result,
wherein the controller generates the conversion condition based on the measurement result of the predetermined measurement image and measurement results of the other measurement images among the plurality of measurement images in a case where the measurement result of the predetermined measurement image is selected,
wherein the controller generates the conversion condition based on the measurement results of the other measurement images without using the measurement result of the predetermined measurement image in a case where the measurement result of the predetermined measurement image is not selected,
wherein a density level of the predetermined measurement image is lower than density levels of the other measurement image,
wherein the controller determines a reference value based on the measurement result of the area,
wherein the controller selects the predetermined measurement image in a case where the reference value is less than a threshold, and
wherein the controller does not select the predetermined measurement image in a case where the reference value is more than the threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,394,174

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:at least one processor configured to execute:
a determination unit configured to determine an end of a continuous tone image part in which a density changes continuously, the continuous tone image part being included in image information;
a continuous tone processing unit configured to perform, in a first case where a number of levels of density of a print image in the image forming apparatus is larger than a number of levels of density of the image information, continuous tone processing causing a density of a pixel group, in which adjacent pixels have a same density, to be changed such that the adjacent pixels instead have more continuously changing differing densities, when increasing the number of levels of the density in the determined end of the continuous tone image part, to thereby generate continuous tone processed print image information, wherein the continuous tone processing unit is further configured to, in a second case where a first density difference between a density of a pixel adjacent to one end of the pixel group in a direction in which the pixels in the pixel group are adjacent to each other and the density of the pixel group reaches a predetermined density difference and a second density difference between a density of a pixel adjacent to another end of the pixel group and the density of the pixel group does not reach a predetermined density difference, perform continuous tone processing causing the density of the pixel group to be changed continuously and more than in the first case.

US Pat. No. 10,394,173

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming unit configured to form an image on a recording material;
a fixing unit having a heater and configured to heat and fix an image formed on the recording material onto the recording material; and
a control unit,
wherein the control unit calculates estimated power (Pp_after) to be used in the apparatus in a case where a throughput thereof is to be increased to become higher than a current throughput during forming the image, and compares the estimated power (Pp_after) and maximum suppliable power (Plimit) to the apparatus to determine whether the throughput is to be increased or not, and
wherein if the power used by the apparatus during forming the image at the current throughput is defined as power (Pp), the power (Pp_after) is calculated on a basis of the power (Pp) and a ratio of the current throughput to a throughput after the change.

US Pat. No. 10,394,172

COMING-OFF STOPPING MECHANISM, FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A coming-off stopping mechanism comprising:a supporting member formed in a hollow tubular shape elongated in an axial direction, having a notch portion at an end, and supporting a rotating body rotating around an axis; and
a coming-off stopping member fixed by being fitted to the supporting member from the outside in the axial direction, and restraining movement toward the outside in the axial direction of the rotating body supported by the supporting member,
wherein the coming-off stopping member includes:
an annular portion formed so as to enclose the outside in a diameter direction of the supporting member except for the notch portion; and
a plurality of first engaging portions connected to both ends of the annular portion, and inserted into the inside of the supporting member from the notch portion while elastically deforming and fitted into a plurality of first engaging holes formed in the supporting member from the inside in the diameter direction.

US Pat. No. 10,394,171

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING HEAT-FIXING RUBBER ROLLER AND HEAT-FIXING RUBBER ROLLER

SWCC SHOWA CABLE SYSTEMS ...

1. A method of manufacturing a heat-fixing rubber roller, the method comprising:forming a rubber layer of a silicone rubber composition on an outer periphery of a metal core shaft, the composition containing water-soluble sugar powder and triethylene glycol;
vulcanizing the rubber layer; and
eluting the sugar powder and the triethylene glycol from the vulcanized rubber layer to form a foam rubber layer.

US Pat. No. 10,394,170

FUSER DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Oki Data Corporation, To...

1. A fuser device carrying a medium in a medium carrying direction, the medium having two faces wherein one of the faces is a print face on which a developer image is fused with the fuser device, and the other of the faces is a back face on which no developer image is fused, comprising:a first rotation member that is an endless belt and has flexibility,
a second rotation member that is an endless belt, has flexibility, and is installed rotatable so as to carry the medium from an upstream side to a downstream side in the medium carrying direction in cooperation with the first rotation member while nipping the medium between the second rotation member and the first rotation member wherein the print face of the medium faces the second rotation member and the back face of the medium faces the first rotation member while the medium is carried on a carrying path through the first and second rotation members,
a first pressing member that is positioned inside the first rotation member and has a first pressing face pressing the first rotation member toward the second rotation member, and
a second pressing member that is positioned inside the second rotation member and has a second pressing face, arranged to be opposite to the first pressing face with respect to the carrying path, the second pressing face pressing the second rotation member toward the first rotation member, wherein
the first pressing face has, at the most upstream side of the medium carrying direction, a pressure reducing part that reduces a pressing force of the first rotation member that is applied to the second rotation member, and
the second pressing face does not have a pressure reducing part that reduces a pressing force of the second rotation member that is applied to the first rotation member.

US Pat. No. 10,394,169

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A fixing device, comprising:a tubular rotator;
a first heater disposed inside the tubular rotator and extended in a longitudinal direction of the first heater, the first heater to heat the tubular rotator;
a second heater disposed inside the tubular rotator and extended in a longitudinal direction of the second heater, the second heater to heat the tubular rotator;
a heating adjuster, interposed between the first heater and the second heater, to adjust heat conduction from the first heater to the second heater, wherein the heat adjuster is a non-heat generator that does not generate heat, but absorbs heat generated by the first and second heaters so as to cool the first and second heaters; and
a joint combining the heating adjuster with the second heater.

US Pat. No. 10,394,165

DEVELOPING DEVICE CARRYING LIQUID DEVELOPER

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A developing device comprising:a rotatable developer carrying member configured to carry liquid developer including toner and carrier liquid to develop an electrostatic latent image carried on an image bearing member, at a developing position;
a developer container configured to store the liquid developer;
an electrode provided opposed to said developer carrying member with a predetermined gap therebetween and configured to form an electric field for moving the toner in the liquid developer supplied from said developer container into the predetermined gap, toward said developer carrying member; and
an urging roller provided downstream of said electrode and upstream of the developing position with respect to a rotational moving direction of said developer carrying member and configured to urge said developer carrying member,
wherein an amount of the toner on said developer carrying member per unit area in a region downstream of said urging roller and upstream of the developing position with respect to the rotational moving direction is not less than 50% of an amount of the toner on said developer carrying member per unit area in a region interposed between said electrode and said developer carrying member.

US Pat. No. 10,394,163

TONER CARTRIDGE WITH A TONER SWITCH ASSEMBLY

APEX TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD....

1. A toner cartridge removably mounted on an imaging device, comprising:a housing with a toner storage;
a cylindrical toner transport portion to transfer toner in the toner storage;
a toner outlet disposed on the cylindrical toner transport portion and aligned with a toner inlet on the imaging device; and
a switch assembly matching the cylindrical toner transport portion and controlling the toner in the toner storage to flow from the toner outlet into the toner inlet; and
a driving device coupled to the switch assembly to provide a driving force to slide the switch assembly in a direction of the driving force between a first position to open the toner outlet and a second position to close the toner outlet,
wherein the driving device includes a pressing member disposed between a first side cover and a first sidewall of the toner cartridge to press the switch assembly under the driving force to slide between the first position and the second position, the sliding movement of the pressing member is converted to a sliding movement of the switch assembly, and a sliding direction of the switch assembly is perpendicular to a sliding direction of the pressing member.

US Pat. No. 10,394,162

DEVELOPING APPARATUS, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A developing apparatus comprising:a developer carrying member that carries a developer;
a development frame member that rotatably supports the developer carrying member and stores the developer; and
a regulating member provided in the development frame member to regulate a thickness of the developer carried on the developer carrying member, wherein
the regulating member includes a supporting member having a conductive property, and a contact member having a larger resistivity than that of the supporting member,
in a cross-section orthogonal to a rotation axis direction of the developer carrying member,
the contact member has a contact portion that contacts with a surface of the developer carrying member, and
the supporting member is disposed to be present on a normal line of the developer carrying member passing through the contact portion, and the contact portion has a first region and a second region positioned on a downstream side of the first region in a rotation direction of the developer carrying member,
wherein when a thickness of the contact member, between the first region and the supporting member, in a first direction along a first normal line passing through the first region, is a first thickness, and
a thickness of the contact member, between the second region and the supporting member, in a second direction along a second normal line passing through the second region, is a second thickness,
the first thickness is larger than the second thickness,
wherein when a third normal line of the developer carrying member, passing through a position at which a distance between a rotation center of the developer carrying member and the supporting member is the shortest, is used as a reference,
the contact portion is disposed at a position which is not on the downstream side of the third normal line but on the upstream side of the developer carrying member, in the rotation direction of the developer carrying member, and
wherein when a potential of the supporting member is V1 and a potential of the developer carrying member is V2 during a developing operation, a polarity of a potential difference (V1?V2) between the supporting member and the developer carrying member is the same as a charging polarity of the developer.

US Pat. No. 10,394,161

DEVELOPING ROLL

Sumitomo Riko Company Lim...

1. A developing roll for an electrophotographic device, the developing roll comprising a surface layer,wherein, in a surface hardness histogram of the surface layer measured by using an atomic force microscope, a surface hardness at a top peak is in the range of 10-55 MPa, and an area ratio of a histogram portion corresponding to a surface hardness of 45 MPa or below in relation to an entire histogram is 80% or above;
wherein the surface layer has a copolymer comprising, in a molecule,
a first polymerization unit that is derived from (meth)acrylate that has a silicone group, a second polymerization unit that is derived from (meth)acrylate that has a fluorine-containing group, and
a third polymerization unit that is derived from (meth)acrylate, and a glass transition temperature Tg of a single polymer of (meth)acrylate in the third polymerization unit is 10° C. or below; and
wherein the copolymer is unevenly distributed in a surface portion of the surface layer.

US Pat. No. 10,394,160

TONER CARTRIDGE AND DEVELOPING CARTRIDGE FOR IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

ZHUHAI SEINE TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A toner cartridge for an image forming device, comprising:a housing including:
a toner chamber configured to store toner, and
a developing roller dispose at a rear side of the housing; and
a first storage member disposed on a lower surface of the housing and configured to store information of the toner cartridge, wherein, with respect to the rear side of the housing for disposing the developing roller, the first storage member is located closer to a front side of the housing opposite to the rear side.

US Pat. No. 10,394,159

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming unit including
a photoconductor,
a light source configured to emit light beam in a light amount corresponding to a value of supplied current,
a driving unit configured to supply current to the light source in accordance with a first pulse-with-modulation (PWM) signal generated based on image data, which includes a smoothing circuit which outputs a signal obtained by smoothing a second PWM signal input to control a value of the current supplied to the light source, and configured to control the value of the current in accordance with an output of the smoothing circuit, and
a deflection unit configured to deflect the light beam emitted from the light source such that the light beam scan the photoconductor,
wherein the image forming unit develops, using toner, electrostatic latent image formed on the photoconductor by being scanned by the light beam, transfers developed toner image on a recording sheet, and fixes the transferred toner image on the recording sheet; and
a control unit
configured to control the driving unit by changing a pulse width of the first PWM signal so that toner images for density detection having different density levels are formed in parallel in a scanning direction of the light beam,
configured to set a target light amount of the light beam based on density information of the toner images for density detection, and
configured to control a pulse width of the second PWM signal to be input to the smoothing circuit such that an amount of the light beam emitted from the light source based on the target light amount is controlled in accordance with a scanning position.

US Pat. No. 10,394,158

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING PHOTOSENSITIVE DRUM EXPOSED BY EXPOSURE DEVICE

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a groove in which a rotation shaft of a photosensitive drum is inserted;
an exposure device configured to emit a laser light on the photosensitive drum to form an electrostatic latent image; and
an adjustment member configured to shift the rotation shaft vertically in the groove to adjust a skew of the laser light,
wherein the groove has a vertical side edge,
the adjustment member is rotatable and has an arc-shaped circumferential edge configured to come into contact with the rotation shaft inserted in the groove from an oblique lower direction and to press the rotation shaft on the side edge,
the circumferential edge is configured such that a radius is varied along a circumferential direction, and
when the adjustment member is rotated, a contact position of the circumferential edge with the side edge is varied and then a position where the rotation shaft is pressed on the side edge is shifted vertically.

US Pat. No. 10,394,157

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., Ch...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a first photoconductor and a second photoconductor that are disposed to be spaced apart from each other;
a first image forming unit that forms a toner image on the first photoconductor;
a second image forming unit that forms a toner image on the second photoconductor;
an image carrier onto which the toner image formed on the first photoconductor and the toner image formed on the second photoconductor are transferred; and
a controller that, when the toner image formed on the first photoconductor is transferred onto the image carrier, rotates the second photoconductor while keeping the second photoconductor spaced apart from the image carrier.

US Pat. No. 10,394,156

IMAGE FORMATION APPARATUS CONTROLLING CHARGING VOLTAGE AND DEVELOPMENT VOLTAGE

Oki Data Corporation, To...

1. An image formation apparatus comprising:an image carrier rotatable in a first rotating direction and in a second rotating direction opposite to the first rotating direction and configured to carry a latent image on a surface;
a charging member disposed to face the image carrier at a first position and configured to charge the surface of the image carrier;
a developer carrier disposed to face the image carrier at a second position and configured to carry a developer used to develop the latent image; and
a controller that controls a rotating operation of the image carrier, application of a charge voltage to the charging member, and application of a development voltage to the developer carrier, wherein the controller
in a first period, performs control to apply the charge voltage and the development voltage to the charging member and the developer carrier respectively while rotating the image carrier in the first rotating direction such that the controller sets an absolute value of a voltage difference between a direct-current (DC) component of the charge voltage and a direct-current (DC) component of the development voltage to a first value, to develop the latent image,
in a second period after the first period, performs control to apply the charge voltage and the development voltage to the charging member and the developer carrier respectively while rotating the image carrier in the first rotating direction such that the controller sets the absolute value of the voltage difference to a second value smaller than the first value, and
in a third period after the second period, rotates the image carrier in the second rotating direction.

US Pat. No. 10,394,155

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a movable photosensitive member;
a charging roller provided in contact with or proximity to a surface of said photosensitive member and configured to electrically discharge the surface of said photosensitive member under application of a charging voltage consisting only of a DC component;
an electrostatic image forming portion configured to form an electrostatic image on the charged surface of said photosensitive member;
a developing sleeve provided opposed to the surface of said photosensitive member and configured to deposit toner on the electrostatic image formed on the surface of said photosensitive member under application of a developing voltage including an AC component and a DC component;
a charging voltage source configured to output the charging voltage;
a developing voltage source configured to output the developing voltage;
a first conducting path configured to electrically connect an output terminal of said charging voltage source to said charging roller;
a second conducting path configured to electrically connect an output terminal of said developing voltage source to said developing sleeve; and
a capacitor electrically connected between the output terminal of said charging voltage source and a ground potential or between said first conducting path and the ground potential,
wherein said capacitor satisfies the following relationship:
{C1/(C1+C2)}×Vpp?5(V),
where C1 (pF) is an electrostatic capacity formed by said first and second conducting paths, C2 (pF) is an electrostatic capacity of said capacitor, and Vpp (V) is a peak-to-peak voltage of the AC component of the developing voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,394,153

INK COMPOSITION WITH PIGMENT PARTICLES HAVING A HYDROPHOBIC SURFACE

HP Indigo B.V., Amselvee...

1. A liquid electrophotographic ink composition, comprising:a carrier fluid comprising a polymer;
ink particles each comprising a non-aqueous polymeric resin and pigment particles distributed in the polymeric resin; and
a charge director;
wherein the pigment particles comprise a metal oxide and have a hydrophobic surface; and
wherein the hydrophobic surface comprises at least one of the following:
(i) nanoparticles attached to each of the pigment particles, the nanoparticles comprising at least one of a phosphate, and a nitrate;
(ii) a coating disposed over each of the pigment particles, the coating comprising at least one of a phosphate, and a nitrate; and
(iii) a coating disposed over each of the pigment particles, the coating comprising at least one of a polyol, and a polyamine, or a salt thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,394,150

POSITIVELY CHARGEABLE TONER

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A positively chargeable toner comprising a plurality of toner particles, whereineach of the toner particles includes a toner mother particle and an external additive,
the toner mother particle includes a toner core containing a binder resin and a shell layer covering a surface of the toner core,
the external additive includes a plurality of silica particles,
each of the silica particles is present on a surface of the shell layer and includes a silica base having a surface treated with a surface treatment agent,
the surface treatment agent includes a first treatment agent having a carboxyl group in a molecule thereof,
the toner core and each of the silica particles are bonded to each other through a covalent bond within the shell layer,
the covalent bond includes a first amide bond and a second amide bond,
the shell layer contains a vinyl resin,
the vinyl resin includes a constitutional unit represented by a formula (1-1) shown below, a constitutional unit represented by a formula (1-2) shown below, and a constitutional unit represented by a formula (1-3) shown below,
an amide bond included in the constitutional unit represented by the formula (1-1) is the first amide bond,
an amide bond included in the constitutional unit represented by the formula (1-2) is the second amide bond, and
an amount of ring-unopened oxazoline groups included in 1 g of the positively chargeable toner as measured by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry is at least 0.10 ?mol and no greater than 100 ?mol,

where in the formula (1-1), R11 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group optionally substituted with a substituent, and an available bond of a carbon atom bonded to two oxygen atoms is connected to an atom of the binder resin,

in the formula (1-2), R12 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group optionally substituted with a substituent, and an available bond of a carbon atom bonded to two oxygen atoms is connected to an atom of the first treatment agent,

in the formula (1-3), R13 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group optionally substituted with a substituent.

US Pat. No. 10,394,148

TONER FOR ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY

KAO CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A toner for electrophotography comprising a resin A comprising at least a polyester moiety obtained through polycondensation of an alcohol component, a carboxylic acid component, and a polyhydroxyamine compound represented by the following formula (1) in an amount of 0.01% by mass or more and 5.0% by mass or less based on the total amount of all the monomer components of the resin A:
wherein R1 represents a hydroxyalkyl group having a number of carbon atoms of 1 or more and 5 or less; R2 represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having a number of carbon atoms of 1 or more and 6 or less, or a hydroxyalkyl group having a number of carbon atoms of 1 or more and 5 or less; and R3 and R4 each represent an alkanediyl group having a number of carbon atoms of 1 or more and 5 or less, provided that R3 and R4 may be the same as or different from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,394,147

ELECTROSTATIC LATENT IMAGE DEVELOPING TONER

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An electrostatic latent image developing toner comprising a plurality of toner particles containing a non-crystalline polyester resin and an ester wax, wherein:the toner particles further contain a crystalline polyester resin and a specific resin,
the crystalline polyester resin has a first repeating unit derived from a (meth)acrylic acid alkyl ester and a second repeating unit derived from a styrene,
the specific resin has a third repeating unit derived from a (meth)acrylic acid amino alkyl ester and a fourth repeating unit derived from styrene,
in an FT-IR spectrum of the specific resin measured by an ATR method, an intensity of a peak derived from an amino group included in the third repeating unit is at least 40% and no greater than 60% of an intensity of a peak derived from an aromatic ring included in the fourth repeating unit,
the toner has a storage elastic modulus of at least 1.00×105 Pa and no greater than 5.00×105 Pa at a temperature of 90° C.,
the ester wax has a melting point of at least 60° C. and no higher than 80° C., and
a dispersion diameter of the ester wax in the toner particles is at least 500 nm and no greater than 1,000 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,394,143

TOPOGRAPHY MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A topography measurement system for measuring a topography of a substrate, the measurement system comprising:a spatially coded grating configured to produce a patterned beam of radiation;
a second grating configured to receive a reflected patterned beam of radiation after the patterned beam has been reflected from a target location on the substrate, wherein a phase distribution of the patterned beam is changed by the topography such that the reflected patterned beam comprises information of the topography; and
a detector configured to receive the reflected patterned beam and to output an output signal representative of the reflected patterned beam.

US Pat. No. 10,394,142

SCAN REFLECTIVE MIRROR MONITORING SYSTEM AND METHOD, FOCUSING AND LEVELING SYSTEM

SHANGHAI MICRO ELECTRONIC...

1. A scanning mirror monitoring system, comprising a simple harmonic motion detector unit and a signal processing unit, the simple harmonic motion detector unit configured to monitor a simple harmonic motion of a scanning mirror and to produce a simple harmonic signal, the signal processing unit configured to receive the simple harmonic signal and, based on a variation of the simple harmonic signal, control a scanning mirror actuator unit to adjust a vibration amplitude and/or a position of the scanning mirror,wherein the simple harmonic motion detector unit comprises a first illumination unit, a first projection unit and a first detection unit, a first measuring beam emanated from the first illumination unit passing through the first projection unit, thereby forming a first detection light spot, which is further incident on the scanning mirror to produce a first reflected beam, the first reflected beam being incident on the first detection unit, which then produces the simple harmonic signal, the first detection unit connected to the signal processing unit,
wherein the first projection unit comprises a projection slit and a projection lens group, the first measuring beam passing through the projection slit and thereby forming the first detection light spot, the projection lens group configured to collimate the first detection light spot into a parallel beam, and
wherein the first detection unit comprises a detection lens, a detection slit, a first relay lens, a second relay lens and a detector, the first reflected beam converged by the detection lens, and the converged beam sequentially passing through the detection slit, the first relay lens and the second relay lens and then being incident on the detector.

US Pat. No. 10,394,141

RADIATION SOURCE AND LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. An EUV radiation source housing apparatus comprising:a rotatably mounted housing that is rotatable around a rotation axis, the housing defining a circumference when rotating around the rotation axis;
an actuator arranged to drive the housing to rotate around the rotation axis;
a heater located adjacent to a first portion of the circumference; and
a cooler located adjacent to a second portion of the circumference,
wherein the first portion is different than the second portion and the heater and the cooler are configured such that they do not rotate with the rotatably mounted housing.

US Pat. No. 10,394,140

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A lithographic apparatus comprising:a projection system configured to project a patterned radiation beam that is patterned by a mask to form an exposure area on a substrate held on a substrate table, and
a heating apparatus comprising one or more radiation sources configured to provide one or more additional radiation beams which illuminate and heat part of the substrate during the exposure,
wherein the heating apparatus is configured to heat the part of the substrate based on a reflectivity of the mask.

US Pat. No. 10,394,139

PATTERNING DEVICE COOLING APPARATUS

ASML Holding N.V., Veldh...

1. A patterning apparatus for a lithographic apparatus, the patterning apparatus comprising:a patterning device support structure configured to support a patterning device having a planar surface;
a patterning device conditioning system comprising a first gas outlet configured to provide a first gas flow over the planar surface in use with a directional component parallel to the planar surface and a second gas outlet configured to provide a second gas flow over the planar surface in use with a directional component parallel to the planar surface, wherein the first gas outlet and the second gas outlet are arranged at different distances perpendicular to the planar surface and the first and second gas outlets are arranged to provide their respective gas flows to be in contact with the planar surface in use; and
a control system configured to independently control a first momentum of gas exiting the first gas outlet and a second momentum of gas exiting the second gas outlet such that the first momentum is different from the second momentum.

US Pat. No. 10,394,138

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROL OF A WORKPIECE AND A CHUCK

NIKON CORPORATION, (JP)

1. An exposure apparatus comprising:a chuck that retains a workpiece to be exposed with a beam;
a chamber in which the chuck is arranged; and
a temperature controller that adjusts the temperature of at least one of the chuck and the workpiece retained by the chuck while the workpiece is retained by the chuck so that a temperature differential exists between the chuck and the workpiece, and wherein the temperature differential exists before the workpiece is exposed with the beam.

US Pat. No. 10,394,137

INSPECTION METHOD, LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS, MASK AND SUBSTRATE

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method of obtaining focus information relating to a lithographic process, the method comprising:illuminating a first target, the first target comprising alternating first and second structures, the form of the second structures being focus dependent such that its form depends upon the focus of a patterned beam used to form the first target and the form of the first structures not having the same focus dependence as that of the second structures, wherein a patterning device is used to produce the patterned beam, the patterning device comprising first structure features to form the first structures and second structure features to form the second structures, the second structure features comprise a low resolution substructure feature to form low resolution substructures; and the second structure features comprise a high resolution substructure feature to form high resolution substructures, the high resolution substructures comprising a plurality of elongate high resolution substructures arranged essentially parallel to the low resolution substructures; and
detecting radiation scattered by the first target to obtain for that first target an asymmetry measurement representing an overall asymmetry of the first target, the asymmetry measurement being indicative of the focus of the patterned beam when forming the first target.

US Pat. No. 10,394,136

METROLOGY METHOD FOR PROCESS WINDOW DEFINITION

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method comprising:measuring a first metrology target designed for a first range of values of a process parameter;
measuring a second metrology target designed for a second range of values of the same process parameter, the second range different than the first range and the second metrology target having a different physical design than the first metrology target; and
deriving process window data from a value of the process parameter in the first range determined from the measuring of the first metrology target, and from a value of the process parameter in the second range determined from the measuring of the second metrology target.

US Pat. No. 10,394,135

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MEASURING A PARAMETER OF A LITHOGRAPHIC PROCESS, COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCTS FOR IMPLEMENTING SUCH METHODS AND APPARATUS

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method of metrology in a metrology apparatus for measuring a parameter of interest relating to a structure, the structure formed using a lithographic process of a lithographic system on a substrate, comprising:receiving, from an optical detector of the metrology apparatus, a plurality of measurement signals representing scattered radiation of a plurality of different variations of a measurement condition of the metrology apparatus to measure the structure, wherein each of the plurality of measurement signals results from a different measurement of the structure performed under a different variation of the measurement condition;
determining, by a hardware processor, a correction to compensate for an effect of the measurement condition based on the plurality of measurement signal
performing, by the hardware processor, a reconstruction of a mathematical model of the structure using the correction to reduce a merit function indicating an influence of variations of the measurement condition based on the reconstruction; and
repeating, by the hardware processor, the determining and performing until the merit function converges on a solution with a preset accuracy.

US Pat. No. 10,394,134

EXPOSURE METHOD, EXPOSURE APPARATUS, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ARTICLE

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An exposure method for repeatedly performing an exposure process for exposing a substrate via a projection optical system, the method comprising:a first exposure process for measuring optical characteristics of the projection optical system, and exposing the substrate while correcting the optical characteristics based on a result of the measurement;
a second exposure process for exposing the substrate while correcting the optical characteristics based on a result of estimating the optical characteristics by a prediction formula,
wherein the first exposure process includes determining a coefficient of the prediction formula from a result of measuring the optical characteristics up until the present, and judging whether the determined coefficient of the prediction formula has converged, and
wherein in the exposure method, the first exposure process is repeatedly performed, and the second exposure process is started after the first exposure process where it is judged that the determined coefficient of the prediction formula has converged.

US Pat. No. 10,394,133

LASER UNIT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

GIGAPHOTON INC., Tochigi...

1. A laser unit management system, comprising:a server configured to hold first information, second information, and third information, the first information being provided with access limitation that allows an access with a first access authorization, the second information being provided with access limitation that allows an access with a second access authorization, and the third information being provided with access limitation that allows both an access with the first access authorization and an access with the second access authorization; and
a laser unit including a laser output section and a controller,
the laser output section being configured to output pulsed laser light toward an exposure unit that is configured to perform wafer exposure,
the controller being configured to receive a light emission trigger signal from the exposure unit, control the laser output section based on the light emission trigger signal, and store the first information, the second information, and the third information in the server,
wherein the second information includes wafer-exposure-related information on the exposure unit and laser-control-related information on the laser unit that are in association with each other, the wafer-exposure-related information including wafer-identification information and scan-identification information both received from the exposure unit, the wafer-identification information being related to a wafer on which the wafer exposure is to be performed, and the scan-identification information being related to scan exposure included in the wafer exposure.

US Pat. No. 10,394,132

METROLOGY ROBUSTNESS BASED ON THROUGH-WAVELENGTH SIMILARITY

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method comprising:obtaining a measurement result from a target on a substrate, by using a substrate measurement recipe;
determining, by a hardware computer system, a parameter value from the measurement result, wherein the parameter characterizes dependence of the measurement result on an optical path length of the target for incident radiation used in accordance with the substrate measurement recipe and the determining the parameter value comprises determining dependence of the measurement result on a relative change of wavelength of the incident radiation; and
responsive to the parameter value not being within a specified range, adjusting the substrate measurement recipe.

US Pat. No. 10,394,131

IMAGE LOG SLOPE (ILS) OPTIMIZATION

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method to improve a lithographic process of imaging a portion of a design layout onto a substrate using a lithographic apparatus, the method comprising:computing, by a hardware computer, a multi-variable cost function, the multi-variable cost function comprising a function expressing a size or edge location characteristic of an aerial image or resist image of the design layout summed with a function pertaining to stochastic variation of a characteristic of the aerial or resist image, the function pertaining to stochastic variation being a function expressing the stochastic variation, or being a function of a variable that is a function of the stochastic variation, or being a function of a variable that affects the stochastic variation, the stochastic variation being a function of a plurality of design variables that represent one or more characteristics of the lithographic process; and
reconfiguring one or more of the characteristics of the lithographic process by adjusting one or more of the design variables until a certain termination condition is satisfied.

US Pat. No. 10,394,130

QUARTER WAVE LIGHT SPLITTING

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. An image projection system, comprising:at least one light source;
a multiple digital micromirror device (DMD) assembly configured to project a plurality of superimposed images on a substrate via write beams from the light source, the multiple DMD assembly comprising:
a plurality of DMDs; and
a light altering device configured to alter the light provided from the light source, wherein the light altering device is a diagonal prism frame configured to reflect a p-polarization beam and transmit through an s-polarization beam;
a mirror positioned to reflect the write beams from the light source to the multiple DMD assembly; and
a light dump adjacent the multiple DMD assembly and configured to receive the s-polarization beam from the multiple DMD assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,394,129

MICROLITHOGRAPHIC ILLUMINATION UNIT

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. A microlithographic illumination unit configured to be used in post-exposure of a photoresist provided supported by a wafer in a microlithography process, comprising:a light source configured to generate electromagnetic radiation; and
a light-guiding and light-mixing element configured to couple the electromagnetic radiation into the photoresist supported by the wafer,
wherein:
the light-guiding and light-mixing element has first, second, third and fourth sides;
the first side is opposite the second side;
the third side is opposite the fourth side;
a maximum spacing between the first and second sides has a first value;
a maximum spacing between the third and fourth sides has a second value;
the microlithographic illumination unit is configured so that, during use, multiple reflections of the electromagnetic radiation occur on the first and second sides;
a maximum extent of the light-guiding and light-mixing element in a light propagation direction of the electromagnetic radiation has a third value;
the third value is greater than the first value; and
the third value is less than the second value.

US Pat. No. 10,394,128

METHOD FOR PREDICTING AT LEAST ONE ILLUMINATION PARAMETER FOR EVALUATING AN ILLUMINATION SETTING

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. A method for predicting an illumination parameter for evaluating an illumination setting for illuminating an object field of a projection exposure apparatus, the projection exposure apparatus comprising an illumination optical unit comprising a facet element for generating a plurality of illumination settings with a plurality of illumination channels, the method comprising:calibrating a model for predicting a plurality of illumination parameters depending on the illumination setting by:
determining a first set of correction terms on the basis of system data of the illumination optical unit;
using the first set of correction terms for prediction values of a first subset of the illumination parameters;
measuring actual values of the illumination parameters for a number of calibration settings;
determining a second set of correction terms on the basis of the measured actual values;
using the second set of correction terms for prediction values of a second subset of the illumination parameters; and
updating the model taking into account the first and second sets of correction terms; and
using the model to predict an illumination parameter for an illumination setting which is not contained in the set of calibration settings.

US Pat. No. 10,394,126

PHOTOLITHOGRAPHY PROCESS AND MATERIALS

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A method comprising:exposing a photoresist layer to a radiation source; and
developing the photoresist layer to form a patterned photoresist layer, wherein the developing includes applying a developing solution that comprises a hardening agent, and wherein the developing results in a first portion of the photoresist layer having a higher glass transition temperature (Tg) or a higher mechanical strength than a second portion of the photoresist layer.

US Pat. No. 10,394,125

COATING AND DEVELOPING METHOD AND COATING AND DEVELOPING APPARATUS

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

1. A coating and developing method comprising:a step that applies a resist containing a metal to a front surface of a substrate to form a resist film, and exposes the resist film;
a developing step that supplies a developer to the front surface of the substrate to develop the resist film; and
a step that forms, before the developing step, a first protective film on a peripheral part of the substrate on which the resist film is not formed, so as to prevent the developer from coming into contact with the peripheral part of the substrate, wherein the first protective film is formed at least on a peripheral end surface and a peripheral portion of a rear surface of the substrate in the peripheral part of the substrate,
wherein the step that forms the first protective film includes:
a step that forms, before applying the resist to the substrate, a second protective film on the peripheral end surface and the peripheral portion of the rear surface of the substrate, the second protective film being capable of preventing the resist from being supplied onto the peripheral end surface and the peripheral portion of the rear surface of the substrate;
a step that removes, before the resist film is exposed, the second protective film formed on the peripheral portion of the rear surface of the substrate while leaving the second protective film formed on the peripheral end surface,
a step that forms a third protective film on the peripheral portion of the rear surface of the substrate, before the developer is supplied to the peripheral portion of the rear surface of the substrate;
wherein the first protective film is composed of the second protective film left on the peripheral end surface of the substrate and the third protective film, and
wherein the third protective film is a liquid film, which is formed of a process liquid supplied onto the peripheral portion of the rear surface of the substrate that is rotating.

US Pat. No. 10,394,124

RESIST UNDERLAYER FILM-FORMING COMPOSITION CONTAINING POLYMER HAVING ARYLENE GROUP

NISSAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRIE...

1. A resist underlayer film-forming composition comprising:a solvent; and
a polymer having a unit structure of the following Formula (1):

where:
each of R1 to R4 is independently a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, and
X1 is an organic group of Formula (2):

where:
A1 is a phenylene group or a naphthylene group,
a dotted line is a bond, and
A2 is a phenylene group, a naphthylene group, or an organic group of Formula (3):

where:
each of A3 and A4 is independently a phenylene group or a naphthylene group, and
a dotted line is a bond.

US Pat. No. 10,394,122

RESIST COMPOSITION, METHOD FOR FORMING RESIST PATTERN, COMPOUND, AND ACID GENERATOR

TOYKO OHKA KOGYO CO., LTD...

1. A resist composition which generates an acid upon exposure and changes a solubility in a developing solution under the action of an acid, the resist composition comprising:a base material component (A) whose solubility in the developing solution changes under the action of an acid; and
an acid generator component (B) which generates an acid upon exposure and contains a compound (B1) represented by general formula (b1):
Rb1—Yb1—Vb1—CF2—SO3?(Mm+)1/m  (b1)
wherein Rb1 represents an aromatic hydrocarbon group having at least one t-butyl group as a substituent, Yb1 represents a divalent linking group represented by general formula (y-al-1), (y-al-2), (y-al-3), (y-al-5), or (y-al-7) below, Vb1 represents an alkylene group, or a single bond, m is an integer of 1 or more, and Mm+ represents an m-valent organic cation
wherein V?101 is a single bond or an alkylene group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, and V?102 is a divalent saturated hydrocarbon group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms.

US Pat. No. 10,394,116

SEMICONDUCTOR FABRICATION DESIGN RULE LOOPHOLE CHECKING FOR DESIGN FOR MANUFACTURABILITY OPTIMIZATION

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A system for optimizing fabrication of a wafer, the system comprising:a memory; and
a processor coupled with the memory, the processor configured to:
generate a process assumption band for an element of the wafer, the process assumption band depicting a shape of the element based on a set of process variations in a photolithographic process used for fabricating the wafer;
generate a process variation band for the element of the wafer based on an optical process correction simulation of the photolithographic process using design rules associated with the wafer;
determine a target band for the element, the target band comprising an on-wafer polygon of a circuit design layout;
determine a relation between the process assumption band and the process variation band based on the target band;
responsive to determining that the process variation band is outside the process assumption band with respect to the target band, identify a space rule to check at a location of the target band;
responsive to determining that the process assumption band is outside the process variation band with respect to the target band, identify an enclosure rule to check at a location of the target band;
recalculate one or more design rules from the design rules associated with the wafer based on a check of the space rule or the enclosure rule; and
update a circuit design of the wafer in response to the process variation band not being changeable to match the process assumption band.

US Pat. No. 10,394,114

CHROMELESS PHASE SHIFT MASK STRUCTURE AND PROCESS

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. A phase shift mask (PSM), comprising:a transparent substrate;
an etch stop layer disposed on the substrate, wherein the etch stop layer includes at least one of ruthenium oxide, tungsten nitride, and titanium nitride and is doped with at least one of phosphorous (P), calcium (Ca), and sodium (Na); and
a material layer disposed on the etch stop layer and patterned to have an opening, wherein the etch stop layer completely covers a portion of the transparent substrate within the opening and wherein the material layer is designed to provide a phase shift, further designed to provide a transmittance larger than 90%, and selected according to including an attenuation coefficient and a thickness of the material layer, and wherein the PSM is substantially transparent to a light radiation during a lithography process.

US Pat. No. 10,394,112

VEHICLE INCLUDING VIDEO PROJECTOR MOUNTED TO LIFT GATE OR ROOF

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle, comprising:a liftgate rotatable between a closed position and an open position; and
a video projector mounted to the liftgate, wherein the video projector is configured to project video in a direction away from the vehicle when the liftgate is in the open position.

US Pat. No. 10,394,111

LIGHT ASSEMBLY FOR A PROJECTOR

1. A light assembly configured to be installed in a movie theatre projector, the light assembly comprising:an adaptor configured to mechanically couple to a bulb mount of the movie theatre projector;
an emitter housing that comprises a Light Emitting Diode (LED) emitter plate;
at least one LED directly or indirectly attached to the LED emitter plate and configured to emit a beam of light;
a cooling assembly configured to dissipate heat from the LED emitter plate; and
a lens assembly configured to adjust the size or pitch of the beam, the lens assembly comprising:
a concave adjustor comprising a concave lens configured to spread the beam emitted from the at least one LED; and
a convex adjustor comprising a convex lens configured to collimate light received from the concave lens,
wherein the concave adjustor is movably attached to the emitter housing and the convex adjustor, and wherein the lens assembly is configured to be manipulated to adjust a distance between the concave lens and the convex lens, thereby adjusting the size or pitch of the beam.

US Pat. No. 10,394,110

PHOSPHOR WHEEL MODULE, LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE, AND PROJECTION DISPLAY APPARATUS

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A phosphor wheel module, comprising:a rotatable substrate having a rotation center; and
a phosphor region disposed on a surface of the substrate, the phosphor region including a phosphor disposed on at least a part of a circumference of a circle having a first radius from the rotation center,
wherein the substrate includes:
a ventilation region including a plurality of openings located closer to the rotation center than the phosphor region, each of the plurality of openings being a through-hole; and
a heat conduction region located farther away from the rotation center than the phosphor region;
wherein an area of the heat conduction region is equal to or larger than a sum total of areas of the plurality of the openings.

US Pat. No. 10,394,109

PROJECTOR SUSPENSION DEVICE

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A projector suspension device for a projector comprising:a base configured to be fixed to a wall surface;
a support member extending from the base, the support member configured to support the projector; and
an adjustment mechanism configured to adjust a rotation of the projector and a position of the projector, the adjustment mechanism including
a first slide substrate configured to slide with respect to the support member in a first direction perpendicular to the wall surface and adjust the position of the projector in the first direction, the first slide substrate configured to be fixed to the support member,
a substrate configured to be fixed to the first slide substrate,
a first rotating substrate connected to the substrate, the first rotating substrate configured to rotate with respect to the substrate,
a second rotating substrate connected to the first rotating substrate, the second rotating substrate configured to rotate with respect to the first rotating substrate about an axis that is parallel to the wall surface and perpendicular to a plane surface of the substrate, and
a turning member configured to adjust a rotation of the second rotating substrate, the turning member having a rotating pivot which is perpendicular to the base,
wherein
the second rotating substrate is configured to rotate about the axis by rotation of the turning member, and
the rotating pivot of the turning member is parallel to the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,394,108

CORNER-ORIENTED HIGH-DEFINITION PYLON-MOUNTED CAMERAS

Admiral Video, LLC, Lanc...

1. A pylon-mounted camera assembly, comprising:a pylon positionable on a ground surface, the pylon including a first face and a second face adjacent to the first face, the first face and the second face forming a first corner;
a first aperture arranged on a portion of and centered about the first corner; and,
a first camera positioned within the first aperture, the first camera facing outwardly from the pylon.

US Pat. No. 10,394,106

UNDERWATER VIDEO HOUSINGS AND IMAGING SYSTEMS WITH LIGHT CONTAMINATION MITIGATION

1. An integrated underwater imaging device, comprising:a camera including an imager;
an integral transparent optical port having flat polished inner and outer mating surfaces, wherein the port allows light from a light source within the housing to exit the housing to illuminate an exterior area of interest, and light exterior to the housing to be directed to the camera, which is positioned within the housing;
one or more LED light sources positioned in the housing back from the integral transparent optical port inner mating surface;
one or more light pipes positioned in the housing between the LED light sources and the transparent optical port inner mating surface;
a housing body having a mating surface adjacent to the port inner mating surface, the housing body including one or more internal volumes for containing the LED light sources for providing the light output and one or more internal volumes for containing the camera;
a port retaining element for positioning and retaining the port to or within the housing body;
a first and a second elastomeric optically absorbent material, having a substantially uniform thickness and a width to thickness ratio greater than 10 to 1, for absorbing light reflections within the port;
wherein the first optically absorbent material is positioned and retained in optical contact with the outer mating surface of the port; and
wherein the second optically absorbent material is positioned and retained in optical contact with the inner mating surface of the port; and
wherein the first and/or second optically absorbent materials include a plurality of light transmission openings through which light from the light source exits the housing and light exterior to the housing enters the housing to be directed to the camera.

US Pat. No. 10,394,105

PORTABLE APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING ACOUSTIC AND/OR WEATHER SHIELDING FOR AUDIO AND/OR VIDEO RECORDING DEVICES

1. A portable apparatus for providing acoustic and/or weather shielding for audio and/or video recording devices, the apparatus comprising:a collapsible housing case having a top panel, two side panels each attached to opposite sides of the top panel, and a rear panel attached to the top panel;
a rigid side support attached to each side panel;
a mounting bar that is attachable to each of the rigid side supports; and
at least one sound absorbing inner liner arranged on an interior side of the top panel, the two side panels and the rear panel,
wherein the rigid side support comprises a mounting bracket, and wherein an orientation of the apparatus is adjustable via the mounting bracket.

US Pat. No. 10,394,104

LIGHT AMOUNT ADJUSTMENT APPARATUS AND OPTICAL APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A light amount adjustment apparatus comprising:an aperture unit including a plurality of blade members and a movable member, the plurality of blade members forming an aperture, the movable member being capable of changing a size of the aperture formed by the plurality of blade members;
a driving unit including a driving shaft and configured to drive the movable member; and
a detection unit including a detection target member and a detection sensor, and configured to detect a driving amount of the driving unit by detecting a driving amount of the detection target member with use of the detection sensor,
wherein at least a part of the aperture unit, at least a part of the driving unit, and at least a part of the detection unit overlap one another, as viewed in a direction along a central axis of the aperture,
wherein the detection target member is engaged with the driving shaft, and
wherein an outer diameter of the detection unit is smaller than an outer diameter of the driving unit.

US Pat. No. 10,394,103

IMAGING APPARATUS AND METHOD HAVING AN IMAGE PROCESSING MODULE RECONSTRUCTING A THREE DIMENSIONAL IMAGE FROM TWO DIMENSIONAL IMAGE DATA USING A GHOST IMAGING ALGORITHM

BAE Systems plc, London ...

1. An imaging apparatus mounted on a host platform having an external surface, the external surface comprising a first surface facing a first direction and a second surface facing a second direction, the second direction being different from the first direction, the imaging apparatus comprising:a first and second plurality of single pixel detectors distributed about said external surface such that the first plurality of single pixel detectors are distributed over the first surface and the second plurality of single pixel detectors are distributed over the second surface,
each of the single pixel detectors being configured to receive radiation reflected by an object or region of interest and to generate two-dimensional image data representative thereof; and
an image processing module configured to receive said two-dimensional image data from each of a plurality of said single pixel detectors selected from among said first and second pluralities of single pixel detectors, and to reconstruct therefrom a three-dimensional image of said object or region of interest using a ghost imaging algorithm.

US Pat. No. 10,394,102

COMPACT INFRARED BROADBAND SOURCE

The Government of the Uni...

1. A device for generating a supercontinuum in an infrared fiber with a light source, comprising:a pulsed microchip laser having an input laser bandwidth, wherein said pulsed microchip laser has a pulse duration between 40 ps and 5 ns; and
an infrared fiber, wherein said infrared fiber is a chalcogenide glass fiber, wherein said pulsed microchip laser is launched directly into said infrared fiber without a nonlinear element, and wherein light from said pulsed microchip laser is beyond the two-photon absorption of said infrared fiber; and
a broadband output having a bandwidth greater than said input laser bandwidth by at least 100% and an emission wavelength range from 2 to 14 micrometers.

US Pat. No. 10,394,101

BACKLIGHT MODULE, DISPLAY APPARATUS AND ILLUMINATION APPARATUS

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A backlight module comprising:a light guide plate;
a light emitting diode arranged above the light guide plate;
an optical film layer arranged above the light emitting diode;
a film of material with a polarization orientation arranged on a side of the optical film layer facing way from the light guide plate;
a liquid crystal cell arranged on a side of the film of material facing away from the light guide plate; and
a polarizer arranged on a side of the liquid crystal cell facing away from the light guide plate, the liquid crystal cell being between the polarizer and the film of material,
wherein the liquid crystal cell comprises an upper electrode, a lower electrode and a liquid crystal layer between the upper electrode and the lower electrode, and the liquid crystal layer is capable of changing polarization state of a light passing through the liquid crystal cell by control of a voltage applied between the upper electrode and the lower electrode, and
wherein no polarizers are provided between the liquid crystal cell and the film of material.

US Pat. No. 10,394,100

LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL AND ARRAY SUBSTRATE THEREOF

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. An array substrate, comprising:a transparent baseplate, wherein the transparent baseplate comprises pixel regions on one surface thereof, and the pixel regions each comprise a white sub-pixel region, a first primary color sub-pixel region, a second primary color sub-pixel region and a third primary color sub-pixel region;
a plurality of pixel electrodes that are arranged in the white sub-pixel region, the first primary color sub-pixel region, the second primary color sub-pixel region and the third primary color sub-pixel region respectively; and
a plurality of switching elements that are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the pixel electrodes and configured lo switch the corresponding pixel electrodes,
wherein the while sub-pixel region is provided with a plurality of switching elements;
wherein the array substrate further comprises a plurality of scanning lines extending along a horizontal direction of the array substrate and arranged in sequence along a vertical direction thereof, and a plurality of data lines extending along a vertical direction of the array substrate and arranged in sequence along a horizontal direction thereof,
wherein the white sub-pixel region, the first primary color sub-pixel region, the second primary color sub-pixel region and the third primary color sub-pixel region each are a minimum grid of rectangular grids divided by the data lines and the scanning lines.

US Pat. No. 10,394,099

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL WITH MULTIPLE SUB-COMMON ELECTRODES AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A liquid crystal display panel, comprising an array substrate having gate lines and an opposed substrate disposed opposite to the array substrate with a common electrode disposed on the array substrate or the opposed substrate,wherein the common electrode comprises a plurality of sub-common electrodes arranged side by side in an extending direction of gate lines; different common electrode signals are applied to the plurality of different sub-common electrodes respectively, and magnitudes of the different common electrode signals applied to the plurality of different sub-common electrodes gradually increase in a transmitting direction of gate signals over the gate lines;
a width of each sub-common electrode in the extending direction of a gate line is inversely proportional to a distance between the sub-common electrode and a gate signal input end of the gate line.

US Pat. No. 10,394,098

CONDUCTIVE PATTERN STRUCTURE AND ITS ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An array substrate, comprising a base substrate, a gate electrode, a gate insulating layer, an active layer, a first source drain electrode, a second source drain electrode, an organic insulating layer, a passivation layer, a first electrode, a second electrode, a gate line, a data line and a common electrode line, wherein one or more of the gate electrode, the gate line, the first source drain electrode, the second source drain electrode, the data line and the common electrode line in the array substrate is a conductive pattern structure comprising a first metal layer and a second metal layer stacked in turn,wherein the second metal layer covers an upper surface and all side surfaces of the first metal layer, and
the metal of the first metal layer is the copper-based metal, and the metal of the second metal layer comprises at least one of gold, silver, platinum and palladium; or the metal of the first metal layer is the silver-based metal, and the metal of the second metal layer comprises at least one of platinum and palladium.

US Pat. No. 10,394,097

ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY PANEL

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. An array substrate, comprising a plurality of pixel units arranged in an array, each of the pixel units comprising a common electrode, a first insulation layer, a sub pixel electrode, a second insulation layer, and a conductor plate that are sequentially stacked, the conductor plate being electrically connected to the common electrode, wherein the common electrode and the sub pixel electrode collectively form a first confronting area therebetween and the conductor plate and the sub pixel electrode collectively form a second confronting area therebetween such that a storage capacitor is formed, collectively, between the common electrode and the sub pixel electrode and between the conductor plate and the sub pixel electrode;wherein each of the pixel units comprises a light-transmitting area and a light-shielding area arranged on a periphery of the light-transmitting area, the sub pixel electrode being located in the light-shielding area, the array substrate further comprising a main pixel electrode located in the light-transmitting area, the main pixel electrode being electrically connected to the sub pixel electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,394,096

DISPLAY PANEL

INNOLUX CORPORATION, Mia...

1. A display panel, comprising:a first substrate including a plurality of scan lines and a plurality of data lines, wherein the plurality of scan lines and the plurality of data lines are substantially perpendicular to each other to define a pixel matrix, the pixel matrix includes a plurality of pixel areas, and the plurality of scan lines extend along a first direction;
a second substrate disposed opposite to the first substrate, wherein the second substrate has a first surface closer to the first substrate; and
a black matrix disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate, and comprising:
a plurality of first parts, wherein one of the plurality of first parts extends along the first direction and is disposed between two adjacent pixel areas of the plurality of pixel areas, and the one of the plurality of first parts has a second surface closer to the first surface; and
a second part connected to the one of the plurality of first parts and extending along a second direction, wherein the second direction is different from the first direction, the second part has a third surface closer to the first surface, an end edge of an end of the second part is not parallel to a first edge of the one of the plurality of first parts, and there are at least three different distances between the end edge and the first edge,
wherein a vertical distance from the second surface to the first surface is defined as a first distance, a vertical distance from the third surface to the first surface defines as a second distance, and the second distance is different from the first distance.

US Pat. No. 10,394,095

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A liquid crystal display comprising:a first substrate including a plurality of thin film transistors, a blue color filter, a plurality of red color filters, a plurality of green color filters and a plurality of gate lines extending in a first direction;
a second substrate facing the first substrate; and
a liquid crystal layer formed between the first substrate and the second substrate,
wherein the blue color filter includes a plurality of first portions extending in the first direction, and a plurality of second portions extending in a second direction substantially perpendicular to the first direction and connected to the plurality of first portions in order to
form a plurality of openings,
wherein one of the plurality of red color filters and one of the plurality of green color filters are disposed in one opening of the plurality of openings,
wherein each of the plurality of openings has two different color filters therein,
wherein the plurality of first portions overlap the plurality of thin film transistors, and
wherein a region of the plurality of first portions overlapping the plurality of thin film transistors does not overlap any of the plurality of red color filters and the plurality of green color filters.

US Pat. No. 10,394,094

DISPLAY DEVICE

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A display device comprising:a display area where images are displayed;
a non-display area that is outside the display area;
a signal processor in the non-display area that drives the display area to generate the images;
a light blocking portion disposed in at least the non-display area to block light;
a narrow line portion in a substantially triangular shape disposed in the non-display area between the signal processor and the display area and including narrow lines that spread outwardly with increasing distance from the signal processor, are arranged at intervals, and do not cross one another; and
a wide line portion disposed in a substantially triangular-island shape in the non-display area between the signal processor, the display area, and the narrow line portion, and having a width greater than that of the narrow line portion and including empty portions; wherein
the narrow line portion includes empty parts between directly adjacent ones of the narrow lines that do not cross one another, and a ratio of an area of the empty portions to an area of the wide line portion is substantially equal to a ratio of an area of the empty parts to an area of the narrow line portion; and
the narrow lines within the narrow line portion are not electrically connected to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,394,091

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:a liquid crystal layer between a first substrate and a second substrate;
a plurality of gate lines and a plurality of data lines on the first substrate, the data lines crossing a plurality of rows; and
a plurality of pixels connected to the plurality of gate lines and the plurality of data lines, the plurality of pixels including a pixel electrode and a switching element connected to the pixel electrode, wherein
pixel electrodes in one of an odd-numbered row and an even-numbered row are in odd-numbered columns, respectively,
pixel electrodes in the other of the odd-numbered row and the even numbered row are in even-numbered columns, respectively,
one pixel electrode in a first row of two adjacent rows is connected to one switching element,
at least one portions of the one switching element is between two adjacent pixel electrodes in a second row of the two adjacent rows,
the one switching element includes a gate electrode connected to one of the gate lines, and
a size of the one pixel electrode is less than a size of the gate electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,394,090

DISPLAY PANEL AND MANUFACTURE METHOD THEREOF, DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display panel, divided into a plurality of sub-pixel units, and comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate, arranged opposite to each other,
a plurality of main spacers, arranged between the first substrate and the second substrate to support the first substrate and the second substrate;
wherein the plurality of sub-pixel units comprise a plurality of first sub-pixel units and a plurality of second sub-pixel units, the plurality of first sub-pixel units are adjacent to any one of the main spacers and are arranged in a single-domain structure, and the plurality of second sub-pixel units are not adjacent to any one of the main spacers and are arranged in a multi-domain structure.

US Pat. No. 10,394,089

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display substrate comprising:a base substrate;
a switching device disposed on the base substrate, and comprising:
a gate electrode electrically connected to a gate line extending in a first direction;
a source electrode electrically connected to a data line extending in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction; and
a drain electrode spaced apart from the source electrode; and
a pixel electrode electrically connected to the switching device, and comprising:
a first sub pixel electrode comprising:
an internal electrode comprising:
a support electrode portion extending in the second direction; and
a horizontal internal branch electrode portion extending in the first direction; and
an external electrode comprising:
a horizontal external branch electrode portion disposed outside the internal electrode and extending in the first direction; and
a vertical external branch electrode portion disposed outside the internal electrode and extending in the second direction; and
a second sub pixel electrode adjacent to the first sub pixel electrode and having a shape symmetrical to that of the first sub pixel electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,394,088

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A liquid crystal display panel, comprising a first substrate and a second substrate that are opposite to each other, the first substrate comprising a first surface and a second surface that are opposite to each other, the second substrate comprising a third surface and a fourth surface that are opposite to each other, the third surface being adjacent to the first surface, the first surface of the first substrate comprising a main photo spacer, a first sub photo spacer, and a second sub photo spacer formed thereon, wherein the main photo spacer, the first sub photo spacer, and the second sub photo spacer having ends that are adjacent to the third surface and are spaced from the third surface by different distances;wherein the main photo spacer, the first sub photo spacer, and the second sub photo spacer have heights that are identical so that the ends of the main photo spacer, the first sub photo spacer, and the second sub photo spacer are spaced from a flat plane that is substantially parallel with the third surface by a predetermined distance that is identical to each of the main photo spacer, the first sub photo spacer, and the second sub photo spacer;
wherein the third surface of the second substrate comprises a first accommodation section and a second accommodation section respectively corresponding to the first sub photo spacer and the second sub photo spacer, wherein the first accommodation section comprises a first recessed groove formed on the third surface and the second accommodation section comprises a second recessed groove formed on the third surface, each of the first and second recessed grooves being formed by recessing the flat plane such that the first and second recessed grooves have bottoms recessed from the flat plane by a first depth and a second depth respectively, the first depth and the second depth being not zero depths, the first depth being different from the second depth, such that a first distance between the end of main photo spacer and the flat plane, a second distance between the end of the first sub photo spacer and the bottom of the first recessed groove, which is a combination of the first distance and the first depth, and a third distance between the end of the second sub photo spacer and the bottom of the second recessed groove, which is a combination of the first distance and the second depth, are different from each other, and the second distance and the third distance are both greater than the first distance;
wherein the first and second depths of the bottoms of the first and second recessed grooves are different and the first and second sub photo spacers have identical heights so that the second distance between the first sub photo spacer and the bottom of the first recessed groove is greater than the third distance between the second sub photo spacer and the bottom of the second recessed groove, wherein the first distance is of a smallest value among the first, second, and third distances, and the second distance is of a greatest value among the first, second, and third distances; and
wherein the main photo spacer, the first sub photo spacer, and the second sub photo spacer are each multiple in number and the number of the first sub photo spacer is greater than the number of the second sub photo spacer and the number of the second sub photo spacer is greater than the number of the main photo spacer, such that the number of the main photo spacer of which the first distance is of a smallest value among the first, second, and third distances is smaller than the number of second sub photo spacer, which is in turn smaller than the number of the first sub photo spacer of which the second distance is of a greatest value among the first, second, and third distances.

US Pat. No. 10,394,087

DISPLAY PANEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A display panel, comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate, provided opposite to the first substrate; and
an adsorption spacer, provided between the first substrate and the second substrate, wherein the adsorption spacer is provided with an adsorption portion, the first substrate and the second substrate are cell-assembled together through a vacuum adsorption effect of the adsorption spacer, the adsorption portion comprises a vacuum chamber in a case that the first substrate and the second substrate are cell-assembled together, and the adsorption spacer is configured to support a cell gap; the adsorption spacer is formed at a periphery of the display panel, and no sealant is located at the periphery of the display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,394,086

DISPLAY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device, comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate, each including a transparent encapsulation area;
an outer sealant along a side of the transparent encapsulation area;
a pattern part disposed on the first substrate and extending in a direction parallel to the outer sealant; and
a transparent sealant adjacent to the pattern part and extending in a direction parallel to the pattern part, the pattern part being between the transparent sealant and the outer sealant,
wherein the first substrate further includes a light blocking member including an opening, and
wherein the transparent sealant includes an area overlapping the opening.

US Pat. No. 10,394,085

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

15. A display substrate, comprising:a base substrate and an opposite substrate, the base substrate and the opposite substrate being aligned to each other at four edges;
a sealant, arranged between the base substrate and the opposite substrate and an edge of the sealant is flush with the edge of the base substrate and the edge of the opposite substrate;
a first light shielding pattern that is provided on the base substrate at a side facing the opposite substrate, and in direct contact with the sealant; and
a second light shielding pattern that is provided on the base substrate at a side away from the opposite substrate, wherein an edge of the second light shielding pattern is flush with the edge of the base substrate,
wherein the base substrate consists of a center region and a periphery region, the center region has four edges having a predetermined distance to the four edges of the base substrate, the first light shielding pattern is a pattern that is formed throughout the center region,
wherein the width of the second light shielding pattern ranges from 0.3 mm to 0.4 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,394,084

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A liquid crystal display (LCD) comprising:a thin-film transistor (TFT) array substrate;
a counter substrate facing the TFT array substrate;
a liquid crystal layer comprising liquid crystal molecules having negative dielectric anisotropy and disposed between the TFT array substrate and the counter substrate;
a first liquid crystal alignment base layer disposed between the liquid crystal layer and the counter substrate and comprising a first compound;
a first liquid crystal alignment stabilization layer comprising first protrusions comprising first polymers of reactive mesogens disposed on a surface of the first liquid crystal alignment base layer, wherein the first protrusions are separated from each other;
a second liquid crystal alignment base layer disposed between the liquid crystal layer and the TFT array substrate and comprising a second compound different from the first compound; and
a second liquid crystal alignment stabilization layer comprising second protrusions comprising second polymers of reactive mesogens and disposed on a surface of the second liquid crystal alignment base layer,
wherein the second protrusions do not comprise the first polymers of reactive mesogens, and the second polymers of reactive mesogens are different from the first polymers of reactive mesogens, and
wherein the first liquid crystal alignment base layer further comprises a radical collector and a concentration of the radical collector is relatively higher in the first liquid crystal alignment base layer than in the second liquid crystal alignment base layer, wherein the radical collector is one or more of C1-C10 alkylamine, arylamine, heterocyclic amine, furan, and thiophene.

US Pat. No. 10,394,083

ORIENTED FILM, POLYMER, AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An alignment film for aligning liquid crystal molecules comprising:a polymer,
wherein the polymer is a polysiloxane and comprises a silsesquioxane group, wherein the silsesquioxane group is a group represented by the following formula (I):

wherein R1s are the same as or different from each other and each is a monovalent organic group and R2 is any one of formulae (III) to (XI):

wherein n is an integer of 1 to 16; and Me is a methyl group,
wherein the polymer further comprises an ester group,
wherein the polymer is a polysiloxane copolymer represented by the following formula containing a monomer unit:

wherein A's are the same as or different from each other and each is a direct bond or a divalent organic group,
wherein m is greater than 0 and p is greater than 1.

US Pat. No. 10,394,082

CURVED DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A curved display device comprising:a display substrate curved in a first direction;
an opposite substrate coupled to the display substrate, wherein the opposite substrate is curved together with the display substrate; and
a liquid crystal layer comprising liquid crystal molecules disposed between the display substrate and the opposite substrate,
wherein the opposite substrate comprises:
a common electrode; and
a first alignment layer disposed on the common electrode, wherein the first alignment layer includes first protrusions for pre-tilting a first portion of the liquid crystal molecules at a first pretilt angle,
wherein the display substrate comprises:
a pixel electrode disposed on each of a plurality of pixel areas, wherein a plurality of slits is defined in the pixel electrode; and
a second alignment layer disposed on the pixel electrode, wherein the second alignment layer includes second protrusions for pre-tilting a second portion of the liquid crystal molecules at a second pretilt-angle, which is less than the first pretilt-angle,
wherein the first alignment layer has an upper surface contacting the liquid crystal layer, and the upper surface has protruded portions to the second alignment layer, and
wherein an amount of the second protrusions is larger than an amount of the first protrusions.

US Pat. No. 10,394,081

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND DISPLAY PANEL

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display substrate, comprising a plurality of sub-substrates, wherein distance measuring regions are provided on a base in space regions between the sub-substrates, the distance measuring region is configured to measure a distance between a mask plate and the base before forming each layer in the sub-substrates by using an exposure process, whereina peripheral area of the distance measuring region is provided therein with a supporting layer on the base, and the peripheral area is located in the space region and around the distance measuring region, and
wherein the layers in the sub-substrates comprise black matrixes, a color filter layer, a planarization layer and spacers, the supporting layer comprises the black matrixes, the color filter layer, the planarization layer and the spacers extending to the peripheral area from a region where the sub-substrates are located, and a pattern of each of the layers in the supporting layer is substantially identical to that of a same layer in the sub-substrates, and
the distance measuring region is only provided therein with the black matrixes.

US Pat. No. 10,394,080

WIDEBAND COMPENSATION STACK FILM AND OPTICAL ELEMENT USING THE SAME

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. A wideband compensation stacked layer, comprising:a chiral-half-wave compensation film; and
a chiral-quarter-wave compensation film;
wherein the chiral-quarter-wave compensation film is directly in contact with the chiral half-wave compensation film through a first contact surface; along the first contact surface, the first layer of liquid crystal molecules of the chiral-quarter-wave compensation film is arranged in line with the last layer of liquid crystal molecules of the chiral-half-wave compensation film; a retardation value R of the wideband compensation stacked layer and an equivalent optical axis Z of the wideband compensation stacked layer with respect to an optical axis of a linear polarizing film follow a linear relationship: R=aZ+b, wherein a and b are constant coefficients.

US Pat. No. 10,394,079

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A liquid crystal display panel comprising:a liquid crystal cell including a lower substrate, an upper substrate on a viewer's side of the lower substrate, a liquid crystal layer provided between the lower substrate and the upper substrate, and an electrode pair formed on one of the lower substrate and the upper substrate to generate a lateral electric field across the liquid crystal layer;
a first polarizer disposed on the viewer's side of the liquid crystal cell;
a first phase plate disposed between the liquid crystal layer and the first polarizer;
a second polarizer disposed on a rear face side of the liquid crystal cell; and
a second phase plate disposed between the second polarizer and the liquid crystal layer, wherein,
the liquid crystal layer contains nematic liquid crystal, and takes a homogeneous alignment in the absence of an applied electric field, such that ?nd is not less than 360 nm and not more than 490 nm, where ?n is a birefringence of the nematic liquid crystal and d is a thickness of the liquid crystal layer;
a retardation R1 of the first phase plate is not less than 100 nm and not more than 160 nm;
a retardation R2 of the second phase plate is not less than 200 nm and not more than 360 nm; and
a slow axis of the first phase plate and a slow axis of the second phase plate are substantially parallel to each other, and substantially orthogonal to an azimuth direction of a director of the nematic liquid crystal under a homogeneous alignment, wherein,
the electrode pair includes a pixel electrode having a plurality of rectangular apertures extending in parallel to one another, and a common electrode formed opposite to the pixel electrode with a dielectric layer interposed therebetween; and
L+S is not less than 4 ?m and not more than 8 ?m, where S is a width of the aperture and L is a distance between adjacent ones of the apertures.

US Pat. No. 10,394,078

COLOR FILM SUBSTRATE, ARRAY SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY DEVICE, AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display device, comprising:a color film substrate including a substrate, and a red block, a green block, a blue block and a white block positioned on the substrate;
an array substrate positioned opposite to the color film substrate;
a liquid crystal layer positioned between the color film substrate and the array substrate;
a first backlight unit and a second backlight unit positioned on a side of the array substrate away from the liquid crystal layer; and
a control unit connected to the first backlight unit and the second backlight unit;
wherein the white block includes light-emitting particles dispersed therein or on the surface thereof, the light-emitting particles capable of emitting yellow light upon the excitation of incident light;
wherein the light-emitting particles comprise holmium ytterbium co-doped Gd2Mo3O9 phosphor particles, and wherein a wavelength of the incident light ranges from about 900 nm to about 1100 nm;
wherein the first backlight unit is configured to emit white light, and the second backlight unit is configured to emit the incident light that excites the light-emitting particles to emit yellow light; and
wherein the control unit is configured to control the display device to switch between a first operation mode and a second operation mode, in the first operation mode the control unit is configured to control both the first backlight unit and the second backlight unit to turn on, and in the second operation mode the control unit is configured to control the first backlight unit to turn on and to control the second backlight unit to turn off.

US Pat. No. 10,394,077

BACKLIGHT MODULE

Au Optronics Corporation,...

1. A backlight module, comprising:a light source emitting a first light;
an optical wavelength conversion film;
a first group of optical films disposed between the light source and the optical wavelength conversion film, wherein a portion of the first light is reflected by the first group of optical films in a direction toward the light source to be mixed with the first light subsequently emitted by the light source;
an optical control film disposed between the first group of optical films and the light source, wherein the optical control film and the first group of optical films are disposed separately from each other; and
a second group of optical films, wherein the optical wavelength conversion film is disposed between the first group of optical films and the second group of optical films, and the first light is converted into a second light having a different wavelength by the optical wavelength conversion film after passing through the first group of optical films and the second light passes through the second group of optical films, wherein a ratio of a transmittance of the second group of optical films for the second light to a transmittance of the first group of optical films for the first light is larger than 46.8%.

US Pat. No. 10,394,076

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A liquid crystal display, comprising:a display panel;
a backlight unit which includes an LED package, a printed circuit board (PCB) on which the LED package is mounted, and a light guide plate which is disposed on a lower surface of the display panel and has a light entering plane facing the LED package;
a back cover which supports a lower surface of the light guide plate;
a housing having a side surface in contact with the PCB and an upper surface in contact with a portion of the lower surface of the back cover; and
an upper case supporting a portion of the display panel and a portion of the housing,
wherein the portion of the display panel is supported by a portion of the upper case extended above the display panel and the portion of the housing is supported by a portion of the upper case extended under the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,394,075

TRANSPARENT DISPLAY DEVICE

Coretronic Corporation, ...

1. A transparent display device, comprising:a transmissive light valve panel having a display surface;
a transparent plate disposed with respect to the transmissive light valve panel to form an optical space between the transparent plate and the transmissive light valve panel; and
at least one light emitting assembly disposed beside the optical space, each of the light emitting assemblies comprising a light source and a lampshade, the lampshade has an accommodating space and the light source is disposed in the accommodating space, wherein the accommodating space has a reflective curved surface, and the light source is adapted to generate light into the optical space, wherein a light pattern of the light emitted from the light source and directed to the optical space has at least one maximum peak in an angular range of ±15° with respect to a direction parallel to the display surface of the transmissive light valve panel, wherein the light emitted from the light source and having the aforementioned light pattern is reflected toward the transparent plate at an incident angle larger than 80 degrees by the reflective curved surface and a light contribution of up to 65% or more is obtained, and the major portion of the light is reflected by a flat surface of the transparent plate.

US Pat. No. 10,394,074

COLOR FILM SUBSTRATE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A method for manufacturing a color filter substrate, comprising steps of:forming a blue cut filter on a substrate;
processing the blue cut filter where blue filter portions are to be formed to make the thicknesses of the blue cut filter where the respective blue filter portions are to be formed are different from each other;
forming a black light-shielding layer on the blue cut filter; and
forming the plurality of blue filter portions on the blue cut filter such that the blue filter portions are respectively located on corresponding processed portions of the blue cut filter.

US Pat. No. 10,394,073

COLOR FILM SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A color film substrate, comprising:a basal substrate; a color film layer and a black matrix arranged on a side of the basal substrate; a conductive layer arranged on another side of the basal substrate, the conductive layer comprising a plurality of conductive regions;
each conductive region comprising a driving channel and an inducing channel; and
a plurality of first gaps and a plurality of second gaps;
wherein each first gap is located between the driving channel and the inducing channel in each conductive region; each second gap is located between each two adjacent conductive regions;
and wherein an orthographic projection of the black matrix on the basal substrate completely covers orthographic projections of all the plurality of first gaps and the plurality of second gaps on the basal substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,394,072

COLOR FILTER SUBSTRATE, METHOD FOR PREPARING THE SAME, AND DISPLAY PANEL

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A color filter substrate, wherein the color filter substrate has a surface facing an array substrate and being in contact with a spacer, andthe color filter substrate has at least one layer having a hollow structure at a position corresponding to the spacer, wherein,
the color filter substrate comprises a transparent substrate which has a surface facing the array substrate and having a color filter layer formed thereon; and
the color filter layer comprises a black matrix, a first color pixel located in a same layer as the black matrix, and a second color pixel located on the black matrix, and the second color pixel has the hollow structure at the position corresponding to the spacer.

US Pat. No. 10,394,071

DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A display panel, comprising a plurality of pixel units arranged in an array, each of the pixel units comprising light transmitting zone and a light shielding zone arranged on a circumference of the light transmitting zone;wherein the display panel comprises a first substrate and a second substrate that are opposite to each other, the first substrate comprising a black matrix and a first common electrode that covers the black matrix, the black matrix being arranged in the light shielding zone, the second substrate comprising a plurality of main pixel electrodes, the plurality of main pixel electrodes being arranged to correspond, in a one-to-one manner, to the plurality of pixel units and respectively facing the light transmitting zones; and
in each individual one of the pixel units, the black matrix has edges facing the light transmitting zone and provided with notches, the first common electrode having a first portion that covers the notches and is flush with a second portion thereof located in the light transmitting zone; wherein the black matrix has a proximal surface that is positioned on a lower surface of the first substrate and a distal surface that is opposite to and parallel with the proximal surface and is distant from the lower surface of the first substrate; the edges of the black matrix being perpendicularly connected between the proximal surface and the distal surface facing the light transmitting zone; the notches being formed in the edges and extending through both the proximal surface and the distal surface, wherein the surface of the first substrate is party covered by the black matrix such that a first part of the surface of the first substrate corresponding to the light transmitting zone is exposed and second parts of the surface of the first substrate that correspond to the notches are exposed through the notches that extend through both the proximal and distal surfaces of the black matrix;
wherein the first common electrode is formed on both the distal surface of the black matrix and the first part and second parts of the surface of the first substrate, such that the second portion of the first common electrode covers the first part of the surface of the first substrate and is located in the light transmitting zone and a first portion of the first common electrode that covers the notches is set in the notches to cover the second parts of the surface of the first substrate and flush with the second portion.

US Pat. No. 10,394,070

LIGHT BLOCKING DEVICE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND TRANSPARENT DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A light blocking device comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate facing each other;
a first electrode on the first substrate;
a second electrode on the second substrate;
a polymer dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) layer between the first electrode and the second electrode and including liquid crystals and dichroic dyes formed as a droplet, wherein the liquid crystals and the dichroic dyes twisted with each other; and
a chiral dopant in the PDLC layer that induces twisting between the liquid crystals and the dichroic dyes to form a twisted angle between 360 degrees and 3,600 degrees.

US Pat. No. 10,394,069

DISPLAY DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A display device comprising:a first display region;
a second display region;
a third display region; and
a fourth display region,
wherein the first display region, the second display region, the third display region, and the fourth display region are each substantially quadrangular,
wherein the first display region includes a first side and a second side at right angle to the first side,
wherein the second display region includes a third side and a fourth side at right angle to the third side,
wherein the third display region includes a fifth side and a sixth side at right angle to the fifth side,
wherein the fourth display region includes a seventh side and an eighth side opposite to the seventh side,
wherein the first side and the third side are in contact with each other,
wherein the second side and the fifth side are in contact with each other,
wherein the fourth side and the seventh side are in contact with each other,
wherein the sixth side and the eighth side are in contact with each other, and
wherein the second display region, the third display region, and the fourth display region each include a curved surface.

US Pat. No. 10,394,068

BACKPLANE SUBSTRATE INCLUDING IN-CELL TYPE TOUCH PANEL, LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A method of manufacturing a backplane substrate including an in-cell type touch panel, comprising:preparing a substrate comprising a plurality of pixels in a matrix;
providing a thin film transistor at each pixel of the substrate;
forming a first interlayer dielectric layer to cover the thin film transistor;
forming a sensing line on the first interlayer dielectric layer;
forming a second interlayer dielectric layer on the first interlayer dielectric layer to cover the sensing line;
forming a common electrode at each block including some pixels of a plurality of pixels, to overlap the sensing line;
forming a third interlayer dielectric layer to cover the common electrode;
forming a first interlayer contact hole passing through the third interlayer dielectric layer, the second interlayer dielectric layer, and the first interlayer dielectric layer to expose a part of the thin film transistor at each pixel, and a second interlayer contact hole corresponding to a sidewall of the common electrode adjacent to an overlapping part of the sensing line and the common electrode, the second interlayer contact hole passing through the third interlayer dielectric layer and the second interlayer dielectric layer to expose the sensing line; and
forming a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor through the first interlayer contact hole, and a connection pattern connected to the sensing line through the second interlayer contact hole.

US Pat. No. 10,394,067

DETECTION DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A detection device comprising:a first detector and a second detector each configured to detect that an object is in contact therewith or in proximity thereto;
a signal processor configured to perform signal processing on a detection signal output from the first detector and the second detector; and
a selector configured to select one of the first detector and the second detector, and couple the selected one of the first detector and the second detector to the signal processor,
wherein
the selector comprises:
a first connector configured to couple the first detector to the signal processor;
a first controller configured to control the first connector to couple the first detector to the signal processor in accordance with a control signal supplied from outside;
a second connector configured to couple the second detector to the signal processor; and
a second controller configured to control the second connector to couple the second detector to the signal processor in accordance with the control signal,
the signal processor comprises a plurality of signal processing channels configured to input or output a plurality of signals simultaneously,
the first connector comprises a plurality of circuits each configured to couple one of a plurality of detection electrode groups of the first detector to one of the signal processing channels, the circuits coupling the respective detection electrode groups to the respective signal processing channels simultaneously, and
the second connector comprises a plurality of circuits each configured to couple one of a plurality of detection electrode groups of the second detector to one of the signal processing channels, the circuits coupling the respective detection electrode groups to the respective signal processing channels simultaneously.

US Pat. No. 10,394,066

METHOD OF PRODUCING DISPLAY PANEL

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A method of producing a display panel in which a space between paired substrates disposed in an opposing manner has an inner space surrounded by a sealing material interposed between the paired substrates and an outer space disposed outside the inner space and one substrate of the paired substrates includes a portion configuring the inner space as an inner space structure part and a portion configuring the outer space as an outer space structure part, the method comprising:a substrate deforming step of displacing at least a part of the outer space structure part toward another substrate of the paired substrates to cause an end part of the inner space structure part near the at least the part of the outer space structure part to be moved around the sealing material and moved away from the other substrate, resulting in at least a part of the inner space structure part being warped to be away from the other substrate;
a dividing step to be performed after the substrate deforming step to divide the paired substrates into a portion of the paired substrates configuring the inner space and a portion of the paired substrates configuring the outer space; and
a substrate bending step to be performed after the dividing step to bend the portion of the paired substrates configuring the inner space so that the one substrate projects outward.

US Pat. No. 10,394,065

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE COMPRISING A GUIDE MOLD HAVING FIRST AND SECOND PROTRUSIONS EXTENDING TOWARD ONE ANOTHER WITHOUT BEING DIRECTLY CONNECTED WITH EACH OTHER

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a liquid crystal panel;
a light guide plate disposed under the liquid crystal panel;
a reflection plate disposed under the light guide plate;
a light emitting diode (LED) assembly including an LED facing a light incidence surface of the light guide plate and including a printed circuit board (PCB) comprising a first surface, a second surface opposite the first surface, and a third surface perpendicular to and between the first surface and the second surface, the LED mounted on the first surface of the PCB;
a graphite film configured to surround the second surface and the third surface of the PCB, and a lower surface of the reflection plate;
a guide mold comprising:
a first portion including a first end and a second end, the first portion of the guide mold disposed along a first edge of the light guide plate,
a second portion that extends from the first end of the first portion of the guide mold, the second portion disposed along a second edge of the light guide plate,
a third portion that extends from the second end of the first portion of the guide mold, the third portion disposed along a third edge of the light guide plate,
a first protrusion of the guide mold that extends from an end of the second portion of the guide mold, and
a second protrusion of the guide mold that extends from an end of the third portion of the guide mold,
wherein the first protrusion extends from the end of the second portion of the guide mold towards the second protrusion and the second protrusion extends from the end of the third portion of the guide mold towards the first protrusion without the first protrusion and the second protrusion being directly connected with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,394,064

DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display panel configured to display an image in a forward direction thereof;
a bezel disposed on an edge of the display panel;
a light refraction member disposed in front of the bezel, the light refraction member including a transparent material, and configured to refract light of an outer rear side of the bezel in a forward direction of the bezel; and
a reflection member provided between a front side of the bezel and the light refraction member.

US Pat. No. 10,394,063

DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display panel configured to display an image;
a light source configured to emit a light to the display panel;
a bottom chassis in which the light source is installed; and
a supporter member configured to support the display panel,
wherein the supporter member comprises a cooling flow path configured to allow air to flow,
wherein the supporter member includes an inner surface, an outer surface, a bottom side and an inside formed by the inner surface and the bottom side, and
wherein the inner surface of the supporter member is entirely closed, and the bottom side of the supporter member is opened toward the outside of the bottom chassis so that the air flowing into the inside of the supporter member is prevented from flowing into an inside of the bottom chassis.

US Pat. No. 10,394,062

FOLDABLE DISPLAY DEVICE

Prexco Co., LTD., Chungc...

1. A foldable display device, comprising:a first body and a second body that are formed in the same shape as a plate and are arranged symmetrically with each other; and
a hinge device assembled to connect the first body and the second body to each other, such that the hinge device rotates within an open state range where the first and second bodies are placed on the same plane and within a close state range where the first and second bodies overlap each other,
wherein the first body or the second body includes:
a hinge cover rotatably connected to the hinge device and having a key protruding from opposite sides thereof;
an outer cover coupled to the hinge device and having a sliding groove formed portions corresponding to a position of the key of the hinge cover thereof, the sliding groove providing a section where the key of the hinge cover is inserted and moved; and
a support plate coupled to the outer cover in an overlapping manner and having an image portion attached thereto, wherein the hinge device includes:
a base plate provided to have a length corresponding to a length of the first and second bodies;
a first fixing part provided on an upper surface of the base plate and configured with a first fixing block having a first elongated hole inclined in a first direction, a second fixing block distanced from the first fixing block and having a second elongated hole inclined in a second direction, a third fixing block having a third elongated hole inclined in the same direction as the second elongated hole of the second fixing block, and a fourth fixing block having a fourth elongated hole inclined in the same direction as the third elongated hole of the third fixing block;
a first rotary part configured with a 1st second body connecting piece fitted into the first elongated hole of the first fixing block and connected to the second body, a 1st first body connecting piece having a shaft fitted into the second elongated hole of the second fixing block and provided in a direction symmetrical to the 1st second body connecting piece, the 1st first body connecting piece being connected to the first body, a spring elastically supporting the 1st first body connecting piece, a pressing member elastically supported by the spring and supported by the third fixing block, and a 2nd first body connecting piece having a shaft inserted into the third elongated hole of the third fixing block to be fitted into the pressing member, the spring, and the 1st first body connecting piece;
a first bending connection part configured with a first link fitted into the fourth elongated hole of the fourth fixing block and having a shaft fitted into the 2nd first body connecting piece, a third link coupled to a first bracket provided at the base plate while passing therethrough, and a second link hinged at a first side thereof to the first link and hinged at a second side thereof to the third link; and
an interlocking part configured with the first bracket provided at the base plate and into which a shaft of the third link is fitted, a first cam fitted over the shaft to be rotated in cooperation with rotation of the third link, the first cam having teeth formed on an outer periphery thereof and concave portions and convex portions formed on a front surface thereof, a second cam having concave portions and convex portions formed on a front surface thereof to be coupled to the first cam, a main spring compressed to support the second cam, and a second bracket provided at the base plate and supporting the main spring.