US Pat. No. 10,338,574

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING MANUFACTURED PARTS

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. A system for identifying manufactured parts, comprising:a server configured to store test data for a plurality of manufactured parts, the plurality of manufactured parts having same nominal physical properties and differing from one another due to manufacturing imperfections;
a processor; and
memory, including instructions that, when executed on the processor, configure the processor to:
provide a user interface, the user interface including user interface elements to allow for selections;
receive, as input on the user interface, a selection of a selected manufactured part, from the plurality of manufactured parts;
retrieve, from the server, test data for the plurality of manufactured parts, the test data comprising a plurality of numerical values for each manufactured part that quantify the manufacturing imperfections for the manufactured part;
normalize the retrieved test data against respective historical means and respective historical standard deviations to form normalized test data;
correlate the normalized test data for the selected manufactured part with the normalized test data for each of the other manufactured parts in the plurality to form a plurality of correlation values, each correlation value representing a degree of similarity between the selected manufactured part and a respective manufactured part of the plurality;
rank the plurality of manufactured parts in descending order of correlation value;
display, on the user interface, identifiers of the plurality of manufactured parts in the ranked order; and
designate, on the user interface, highest-ranked manufactured parts;
wherein the highest-ranking manufactured parts have a same or similar failure mechanism as the selected manufactured part based on the quantified manufacturing imperfections.

US Pat. No. 10,338,573

MULTIPLE DYNAMIC JOB SEQUENCE

MUELLER MARTINI HOLDING A...

1. A method for operating a system for a multiple dynamic job sequence, the system comprising at least one press, at least one downstream processing machine and a plant controller, the method comprising:providing, by the plant controller, production information, which corresponds to a definition of a job sequence of the multiple dynamic job sequence, in order to process different production runs such that jobs of the multiple dynamic job sequence are tracked continuously and in a capillary manner during an entire manufacturing process;
continuously or intermittently inquiring, by the plant controller, about respective states during the manufacturing process so as to enable interventions to be made based on the jobs not being processed as originally planned for any reason;
providing, continuously or intermittently by the plant controller, additional production information, which corresponds to current manufacturing process information, to the at least one press and the at least one first downstream processing machine so as to prevent interruptions during processing the jobs;
receiving identification information, corresponding to a physical detection of a printing and processing situation, the identification information being for each of the at least one downstream processing machine to identify a job and a job end of the multiple dynamic job sequence either individually or together with at least one additional processing machine; and
by identifying the job and the job end, forwarding state information to the plant controller, the plant controller detecting an actual state of the manufacturing process therefrom such that new or adapted job sequences and job ends of the multiple dynamic job sequence are directly defined during the manufacturing process,
wherein the system provides simultaneous production of the jobs of the multiple dynamic job sequence independent from the multiple dynamic job sequence originally determined in such a way that the jobs have or are to be situationally adapted to internal factors or external factors and/or occurring events.

US Pat. No. 10,338,572

METHODS, NETWORK NODE AND WIRELESS DEVICE FOR HANDLING DEVICE CAPABILITIES

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method performed by a network node of a radio network, for handling capabilities of a wireless device, the method comprising:obtaining a capability pointer associated with a capability configuration comprising capabilities of the wireless device, wherein the capability pointer comprises multiple capability sub-pointers where each capability sub-pointer is related to a respective subset of capabilities in the capability configuration;
retrieving said capability configuration based on the capability pointer, wherein the retrieved capability configuration comprises a list of functions and features that the wireless device supports, the retrieved capability configuration further indicating whether each of said functions and features has been tested and verified or not, the retrieved capability configuration further indicating for which network conditions the functions and features have been tested and verified; and
using the retrieved capability configuration in radio communication with the wireless device.

US Pat. No. 10,338,571

MOTOR CONTROLLER AND METHODS OF WIRELESSLY REPROGRAMMING MOTOR CONTROLLER

Regal Beloit America, Inc...

1. A motor controller for controlling an electric motor, said motor controller comprising:a motion control microcontroller unit (MCU) for storing initial control parameters for said electric motor;
a wireless receiver communicatively coupled to said motion control MCU, said wireless receiver configured to:
activate in response to initiation of a wireless connection with a remote device;
receive a wireless control signal from the remote device, the wireless control signal including updated control parameters, and
transmit the updated control parameters to said motion control MCU; and
an energy management system configured to, without connection of said motor controller to an external power source, power said wireless receiver and said motion control MCU.

US Pat. No. 10,338,570

NUMERICAL CONTROLLER

Fanuc Corporation, Yaman...

1. A numerical controller comprising:a processor configured to;
sequentially read out and analyze commands for a sequence of blocks of a program, the sequence including a first block immediately preceding a second block;
perform look-ahead processing to analyze the second block before the first block is complete, and to save the result of the analysis in a buffer;
control a machine by executing the commands for the first block;
execute a function of stopping the look-ahead processing when the second block includes a code for stopping the look-ahead processing;
determine whether or not a look-ahead restart condition commanded by the code for stopping look-ahead is satisfied; and
restart the look-ahead processing of the second block prior to the first block being completed, if it is determined that the look-ahead restart condition is satisfied,
wherein the look-ahead restart condition is a condition related to the state of the machine.

US Pat. No. 10,338,569

SELECTIVE MODIFICATION OF BUILD STRATEGY PARAMETER(S) FOR ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A computerized additive manufacturing (AM) system for physically generating an object layer by layer based on object code representative of the object, the object code including a plurality of pre-assigned build strategy parameters for the object that control operation of the computerized AM system, the computerized AM system comprising:an AM printer including at least two irradiation devices; and
an object code modifier providing an interface to, prior to manufacturing the object, allow a user to manually:
select a region within the object in the object code, the region including a stitching region to be created by the at least two irradiation devices and the build strategy parameter controls operation of the at least two irradiation devices of the AM printer relative to the stitching region; and
selectively modify a build strategy parameter in the selected region in the object code to change an operation of the computerized AM system from the plurality of pre-assigned build strategy parameters during building of the object by the computerized AM system, wherein the build strategy parameter modifying includes modifying a characteristic of a scan vector end gap among a plurality of spaced scan vector end gaps created by the at least two irradiation devices, each scan vector end gap defined between a first melt pool end of a first scan vector formed by the first irradiation device in the stitching region and a second, abutting melt pool end of a different scan vector formed by the second, different irradiation device in the stitching region, wherein the plurality of spaced scan vector end gaps are alternatingly positioned in the stitching region.

US Pat. No. 10,338,568

DETERMINING HALFTONE SCHEMES

1. A method comprising:obtaining data representing a three-dimensional object, the data comprising object model data representing the geometry of the three-dimensional object and object property data representing at least one object property of at least a portion of the object;
determining if a halftone scheme dependent object property is specified by the object property data, wherein a halftone scheme dependent object property is an object property the representation of which in an object generated using control data is dependent on selection of an appropriate halftone scheme to generate control data;
determining a halftone scheme;
associating data representing a portion of the object having a halftone scheme dependent object property with a determined halftone scheme.

US Pat. No. 10,338,567

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING

Cornell University, Itha...

1. A method for fabricating a wireframe structure of a 3D object on a surface comprising the steps of:providing a processor, the processor operatively connected to a controller and a print head;
creating a wireframe mesh pattern of the 3D object;
registering parameters of the print head, wherein the parameters include an angle of the print head defined from a horizontal axis and a diameter of the print head;
calculating from the angle and the diameter a depth value defined along a vertical axis at which the print head is configured to deposit a material;
defining a plane at the angle of the print head at which the print head is configured to deposit the material, the depth value and the plane defining an area for printing the wireframe structure on the surface;
moving the print head along a path defined by both the wireframe mesh pattern and the parameters of the print head while extruding material; and
solidifying the extruded material of a portion of the wireframe structure before continuing to extrude material of another portion of the wireframe structure of the 3D object.

US Pat. No. 10,338,566

VARIABLE SLICING FOR 3D MODELING

KT CORPORATION, Seongnam...

1. A method of varying a slicing thickness for 3D modeling, comprising:receiving 3D modeling data from a user device;
carrying out a virtual simulation to virtually slice the 3D modeling data, in accordance with a first thickness, into multiple cross-sections, the 3D modeling data being sliced virtually such that each of the multiple cross-sections has the same thickness;
calculating a complexity of one or more of the multiple cross-sections produced according to the result of the virtual simulation;
determining a slicing thickness of the 3D modeling data based on the complexity of the one or more of the multiple cross-sections;
slicing the 3D modeling data in the determined slicing thickness;
generating a G-code based on the sliced 3D modeling data; and
transmitting the G-code to a 3D printer,
wherein the determining includes:
dividing the 3D modeling data into a plurality of parts based on the complexity of the one or more of the multiple cross-sections produced according to the result of the virtual simulation,
calculating a respective complexity of each of the plurality of parts, and
determining a respective slicing thickness of each of the plurality of parts based on the respective complexity of each of the plurality of parts, and
wherein the slicing includes slicing each of the plurality of parts in accordance with the respective determined slicing thickness, and
wherein the calculating of the complexity of the one or more of the multiple cross-sections comprises:
counting at least one of a number of vertexes or a number of lines that intersect with the one or more of the multiple cross-sections; and
calculating the complexity of the one or more of the multiple cross-sections based on at least one of the counted number of vertexes or the counted number of lines.

US Pat. No. 10,338,565

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR MACHINE LEARNING PREDICTIONS AND MULTI-OBJECTIVE OPTIMIZATION OF MANUFACTURING PROCESSES

Xometry, Inc., Gaithersb...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a processor; and
a memory storing instructions which, when executed by the processor, causes the processors to:
train a set of regression machine learning models with a training set to produce a set of predictive values for a pending manufacturing request that is associated with a digital model representative of a physical object, the training set including data extracted from a set of manufacturing transactions submitted by a set of entities of a supply chain; and
instantiate a multi-objective optimization model configured to (1) receive an input including the set of predictive values and a set of features of the physical object, and (2) generate an output with a set of attributes associated with a manufacture of the physical object in response to receiving the input, the output complying with a multi-objective condition satisfied in the multi-objective optimization model.

US Pat. No. 10,338,564

REMOTE MATERIAL YIELD OPTIMIZATION FOR LEATHER AND OTHER HETEROGENEOUS MATERIAL

GERBER TECHNOLOGY LLC, T...

1. A system for processing a work-piece comprising a sheet of material into pieces, the system comprising:a production environment including a facility for handling the work-piece, the production environment configured for collecting data characterizing the work-piece and for subsequently cutting the work-piece into a plurality of products; and
a development environment including at least one computer separate from the production environment, the development environment configured for receiving characterization data from the production environment, and, based on a plurality of nesting variables, developing a nesting strategy for cutting a plurality of products from the work-piece and providing the nesting strategy to the production environment without affecting production;
wherein developing the nesting strategy comprises:
developing a first nesting strategy and a second nesting strategy by applying the plurality of nesting variables;
iteratively changing the first nesting strategy and the second nesting strategy and comparing the first nesting strategy to the second nesting strategy to identify a preferred nesting strategy providing the best yield or processing time; and
selecting the preferred nesting strategy.

US Pat. No. 10,338,563

NUMERICAL CONTROL DEVICE

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A numerical control device that controls a machine tool having a drive mechanism causing a tool to move in a plurality of axial directions, the numerical control device comprising:a command position calculation unit that calculates command position information based on a machining program;
a command path calculation unit that calculates command path information, based on the command position information calculated by the command position calculation unit;
an estimated actual position calculation unit that calculates estimated actual position information, based on the command position information and transmission characteristic information of the drive mechanism;
an estimated actual path calculation unit that calculates estimated actual path information based on the estimated actual position information calculated by the estimated actual position calculation unit;
a path error calculation unit that calculates path error, based on the command path information calculated by the command path calculation unit and the estimated actual path information calculated by the estimated actual path calculation unit;
a machining time calculation unit that calculates a machining time based on the estimated actual path information;
a jerk calculation unit that calculates jerk in each axis based on the estimated actual position information;
an evaluation value calculation unit that calculates an evaluation value, based on the path error calculated by the path error calculation unit, the machining time calculated by the machining time calculation unit, and the jerk calculated by the jerk calculation unit; and
a parameter correction instruction unit that instructs correction of various parameters including the transmission characteristic information based on the evaluation value.

US Pat. No. 10,338,562

NUMERICAL CONTROLLER, CONTROL SYSTEM, CONTROL METHOD, AND CONTROL PROGRAM

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A numerical controller comprising:a storage unit that stores multiple combinations of machining programs and parameters together with a first cycle time required for machining;
a receiving unit that receives a second cycle time of a bottleneck step of another numerical controller; and
a selection unit that compares the first cycle times corresponding to the multiple combinations of machining programs and parameters to the second cycle time, and selects a combination from the multiple combinations of the machining programs and the parameters corresponding to a longest first cycle time within a range not exceeding the second cycle time.

US Pat. No. 10,338,561

DATA GENERATING DEVICE THAT GENERATES DRAWING DATA REPRESENTING INDEX PATTERN TO BE DRAWN ON WORKPIECE BY LASER BEAM FOR MEASURING DEFORMATION OF WORKPIECE

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A data generating device for generating drawing data representing an index pattern to be drawn on a surface of a workpiece by a laser beam emitted from a laser machining device, the index pattern being constituted with a plurality of unit graphics, a deformation test being performed to measure deformation of the workpiece, the data generating device comprising:a memory configured to store a plurality of sets of drawing information about the index pattern and the laser beam used for drawing the index pattern in association with respective ones of a plurality of sets of machining contents individually, each of the plurality of machining contents indicating a machining process to be performed on the workpiece in the deformation test; and
a controller configured to perform:
receiving a generation instruction instructing to start generating the drawing data;
designating one set of machining contents from the plurality of sets of machining contents; and
generating the drawing data according to designated one set of machining contents and corresponding one of the plurality of sets of drawing information.

US Pat. No. 10,338,559

METHODS AND SYSTEM FOR REDUCING ENERGY USE IN BUILDINGS

Mariner Partners Inc., N...

1. A system for reducing energy use in buildings, the system comprising:one or more gateway devices; and
a data centre connected to one or more building systems of a building through the one or more gateway devices, the data centre comprising one or more databases and a processor, the processor being configured to:
receive source data from at least one of: the one or more building systems and one or more external sources;
store the source data in the one or more databases;
apply a plurality of energy optimization strategies to at least a subset of the source data to determine a set of proposed output values for each energy optimization strategy, independently of each other, wherein each set of proposed output values includes at least one equipment set point;
resolve any conflicts between the sets of proposed output values determined for the plurality of energy optimization strategies, to generate a set of harmonized output values; and
transmit the set of harmonized output values to the one or more building control systems through the one or more gateway devices; andwherein the processor is further configured to automate self-repair upon detecting equipment problems by:saving a record of the equipment problems;
attempting to correct the equipment problems;
saving a record of attempts to correct the equipment problems; and
notifying a technician if the equipment problems persist.

US Pat. No. 10,338,558

SEQUENTIAL LOGIC CIRCUITRY WITH REDUCED DYNAMIC POWER CONSUMPTION

21, Inc., San Francisco,...

1. An integrated circuit, comprising:a first latch having a first latch input and a first latch output;
a second latch having a second latch input and a second latch output;
clocking circuitry that provides a clock signal to the first and second latches;
combinatorial logic circuitry coupled between the first latch output and the second latch input, wherein the first latch is configured to pass a first bit from the first latch input to the first latch output when the clock signal is received at a first logic level and is configured to block the first bit from passing from the first latch input to the first latch output when the clock signal is received at a second logic level that is different from the first logic level, the combinatorial logic circuitry is configured to generate a second bit based on at least the first bit, the second latch is configured to block the second bit from passing to the second latch output when the clock signal is received at the first logic level and is configured to pass the second bit from the second latch input to the second latch output when the clock signal is received at the second logic level, and the first and second bits identify only two logical states for a finite state machine on the integrated circuit,
wherein the finite state machine is constructed to combine the first bit and the second bit to represent two different logical states,
wherein the integrated circuit is constructed to perform a first action for a first combination of the first bit and the second bit and for a second combination of the first bit and the second bit, and
wherein the integrated circuit is constructed to perform a second action for a third combination of the first bit and the second bit and for a fourth combination of the first bit and the second bit;
a plurality of processing cores; and
control circuitry, wherein the control circuitry is configured to control the plurality of processing cores to solve a cryptographic puzzle by assigning a plurality of different search spaces to each of the plurality of processing cores, wherein the finite state machine includes the first latch, the second latch, and the combinatorial logic circuitry, wherein the finite state machine is formed in a given one of the plurality of processing cores, and wherein the given one of the plurality of processing cores is configured to solve the cryptographic puzzle using at least the two logical states of the finite state machine.

US Pat. No. 10,338,557

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SAFETY INPUT DEVICES

Rockwell Automation Techn...

1. A system comprising:a safety controller that, in operation, interrupts power to industrial automation devices or puts the system into a safe state upon command of a human operator;
an emergency stop switch circuit actuatable by a human operator;
a human machine interface in data communication with the safety controller and the emergency stop switch circuit, and comprising integrated safety circuitry that, in operation, detects a change of state of the emergency stop switch circuit and provides a signal to the safety controller to interrupt power to the industrial automation devices or put the system into a safe state; and
a live-man switch circuit coupled to the integrated safety circuitry, wherein the integrated safety circuitry, in operation, provides a signal to the safety controller to interrupt power to the industrial automation devices or put the system into a safe state based upon a signal from either the emergency stop switch circuit or from the live-man switch circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,338,556

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DESCRIBING AND EXECUTING BEHAVIORS IN AUTONOMOUS AND SEMI-AUTONOMOUS DEVICES

Digital Aerolus, Inc., S...

1. A computer-implemented method of describing and executing behaviors of an autonomous or semi-autonomous device, the computer-implemented method comprising:receiving a behavior source file;
compiling the behavior source file into an intermediary executable file and a set of parameter descriptions;
linking the intermediary executable file with a simulator so as to produce an executable file;
running the executable file in conjunction with the parameter descriptions in the simulator so as to find acceptable parameter values via a simulation;
compiling the intermediary executable file, a runtime of the autonomous or semi-autonomous device, and the acceptable parameter values so as to produce an executable control program; and
controlling the autonomous or semi-autonomous device according to the executable control program so that the autonomous or semi-autonomous device behaves according to the acceptable parameter values.

US Pat. No. 10,338,555

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS

Strong Force IOT Portfoli...

1. A system for data collection, processing, and utilization of signals from at least a first element in a first machine in an industrial environment, the system comprising:a platform including a computing environment connected to a local data collection system having at least a first sensor signal and a second sensor signal obtained from at least the first machine in the industrial environment;
a first sensor in the local data collection system configured to be connected to the first machine;
a second sensor in the local data collection system; and
a crosspoint switch in the local data collection system having multiple inputs and multiple outputs including a first input connected to the first sensor and a second input connected to the second sensor, wherein the multiple outputs include a first output and a second output configured to be switchable between a condition in which the first output is configured to switch between delivery of the first sensor signal and the second sensor signal and a condition in which there is simultaneous delivery of the first sensor signal from the first output and the second sensor signal from the second output, wherein each of multiple inputs is configured to be individually assigned to any of the multiple outputs, wherein the local data collection system is configured to manage data collection bands, and wherein the local data collection system includes a neural net expert system using intelligent management of the data collection bands,
wherein the local data collection system includes multiple multiplexing units and multiple data acquisition units receiving multiple data streams from multiple machines in the industrial environment,
wherein the local data collection system includes distributed complex programmable hardware device (CPLD) chips each dedicated to a data bus for logic control of the multiple multiplexing units and the multiple data acquisition units that receive the multiple data streams from the multiple machines in the industrial environment, and
wherein the local data collection system is configured to power-down at least one of an analog sensor channel and a component board.

US Pat. No. 10,338,554

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS

Strong Force IOT Portfoli...

1. A system for data collection, processing, and utilization of signals from at least a first element in a first machine in an industrial environment, the system comprising:a platform including a computing environment connected to a local data collection system having at least a first sensor signal and a second sensor signal obtained from at least the first machine in the industrial environment;
a first sensor in the local data collection system configured to be connected to the first machine;
a second sensor in the local data collection system; and
a crosspoint switch in the local data collection system having multiple inputs and multiple outputs including a first input connected to the first sensor and a second input connected to the second sensor, wherein the multiple outputs include a first output and a second output configured to be switchable between a condition in which the first output is configured to switch between delivery of the first sensor signal and the second sensor signal and a condition in which there is simultaneous delivery of the first sensor signal from the first output and the second sensor signal from the second output, wherein each of multiple inputs is configured to be individually assigned to any of the multiple outputs, wherein unassigned outputs are configured to be switched off producing a high-impedance state, wherein the local data collection system is configured to manage data collection bands, and wherein the local data collection system includes a neural net expert system using intelligent management of the data collection bands,
wherein the local data collection system includes multiple multiplexing units and multiple data acquisition units receiving multiple data streams from multiple machines in the industrial environment,
wherein the crosspoint switch includes a third input that is configured with a continuously monitored alarm having a pre-determined trigger condition when the third input is unassigned to any of the multiple outputs.

US Pat. No. 10,338,553

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS

Strong Force IOT Portfoli...

1. A system for data collection, processing, and utilization of signals from at least a first element in a first machine in an industrial environment, the system comprising:a platform including a computing environment connected to a local data collection system having at least a first sensor signal and a second sensor signal obtained from at least the first machine in the industrial environment;
a first sensor in the local data collection system configured to be connected to the first machine;
a second sensor in the local data collection system; and
a crosspoint switch in the local data collection system having multiple inputs and multiple outputs including a first input connected to the first sensor and a second input connected to the second sensor, wherein the multiple outputs include a first output and a second output configured to be switchable between a condition in which the first output is configured to switch between delivery of the first sensor signal and the second sensor signal and a condition in which there is simultaneous delivery of the first sensor signal from the first output and the second sensor signal from the second output, wherein each of multiple inputs is configured to be individually assigned to any of the multiple outputs, wherein unassigned outputs are configured to be switched off producing a high-impedance state, wherein the crosspoint switch includes a third input that is configured with a continuously monitored alarm having a pre-determined trigger condition when the third input is unassigned to any of the multiple outputs.

US Pat. No. 10,338,551

P AND ID AND CONTROL SYSTEM SYNCHRONIZATION

Rockwell Automation Techn...

1. A method for automatically exchanging data between a piping and instrumentation diagram (P&ID) and a control system, comprising:parsing, by a system comprising at least one processor, a P&ID and identifying instruments within the P&ID based on the parsing;
identifying, by the system, a rule, of a set of rules maintained in a template library, corresponding to a group of instruments included in the instruments, wherein the rule defines input tags associated with the group of instruments, output tags associated with the group of instruments, and one or more relationships between the input tags and the output tags;
identifying, by the system based on the rule, one or more input tags and one or more output tags associated with the group of instruments;
determining, by the system based on the rule, at least one relationship between the one or more input tags and the one or more output tags;
identifying, by the system, a control loop based on the at least one relationship between the one or more input tags and the one or more output tags, wherein the control loop is configured to control the instruments in response to execution by the control system;
generating, by the system based on an identity of the control loop, executable source code that, in response to execution by the control system, causes the control system to control the instruments in accordance with the control loop; and
sending, by the system, the executable source code to the control system.

US Pat. No. 10,338,550

MULTISITE VERSION AND UPGRADE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Honeywell International I...

1. A version control system comprising:a supervisor;
a processor connected to the supervisor for operating the supervisor; and
a database having updated versions, updated configurations, and updated software for deployment to two or more site controllers; and
wherein:
the two or more site controllers are assigned to site groups and categories;
at least two site controllers of the two or more site controllers are selected according to site group or category for updated versions, updated configurations, or updated software;
the updated versions, updated configurations, or updated software are implemented by an automatic execution of a job; and
the automatic execution of the job connects the supervisor to each site controller of the selected at least two of the two or more site controllers of the site group or category to implement the updated versions, updated configurations, or updated software for each of the at least two site controllers by automatically executing a user-selected pre-installed configuration upgrade robot or robots within each of the at least two site controllers to implement the updated versions, updated configurations, or updated software in the site controller;
the job, as automatically executed, displays operational steps, statuses and fault conditions; and
if a fault condition appears, the job can be executed again to remove the fault condition.

US Pat. No. 10,338,549

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR SUBSCRIBING REMOTE DEVICES TO PROCESS CONTROL DATA

FISHER-ROSEMOUNT SYSTEMS,...

1. A method of securely subscribing a remote computing device to obtain process data from a process control system of a process plant, comprising:receiving, at a mobile server via a first network from a data server, configuration data indicating a configuration of the process control system;
establishing, by the mobile server, a communication connection with the remote computing device via a second network;
receiving, at the mobile server via the second network from the remote computing device, an indication of a view list requesting process data associated with the process control system, wherein the process data corresponds to available data indicated by the configuration data;
receiving, at the mobile server via the first network from the data server, a polling request for a list of data to be sent from the data server to the mobile server;
determining, by the mobile server, the list of data based at least in part upon the view list;
sending, from the mobile server to the data server via the first network, the list of data in response to the polling request;
receiving, at the mobile server via the first network from the data server, a plurality of data values associated with the list of data; and
sending, from the mobile server to the remote computing device via the second network, a view set containing at least some of the plurality of data values corresponding to the view list associated with the remote computing device.

US Pat. No. 10,338,548

LOGIC BASED SIMPLEX/DUAL/TMR DRIVER FOR CONTROL OUTPUTS

General Electric Company,...

1. A method of operating a plurality of controllable devices, collectively, forming a redundant control system, the method comprising:transmitting, at each controllable cycle over one or more links for a given controllable device of the plurality of controllable devices, a binary-framed pattern of a set of pre-defined binary-framed patterns to each of one or more other controllable devices of the plurality of controllable devices, wherein each pre-defined binary-framed pattern corresponds to a present output state of a set of pre-defined output states of the controllable device, wherein each pre-defined output state of the set of pre-defined output states represents a discrete amount of electrical output transmitted by each of the plurality of controllable devices, wherein the discrete amount of electrical output is a percentage of total electrical output and is based on a number of active controllable devices in the plurality of controllable devices;
receiving, at the given controllable device during a current controllable cycle over the one or more links, a binary-framed pattern from each of the one or more other controllable devices of the plurality of controllable devices;
determining the present output state based on at least one received binary-framed pattern and the transmitted binary-framed pattern; and
generating, at an output of the given controllable device for the current controllable cycle, the discrete amount of electrical output corresponding to the determined present output state.

US Pat. No. 10,338,547

SYSTEM, METHOD AND APPARATUSES FOR DETERMINING PARAMETER SETTINGS FOR A POWER GENERATION SYSTEM AND A TANGIBLE COMPUTER READABLE MEDIUM

ACCENTURE GLOBAL SERVICES...

1. A system for determining parameter settings for a power generation system, the system comprising:at least one processor; and
at least one memory storing computer executable instructions, the at least one memory being non-transitory;
wherein the at least one memory and the computer executable instructions are configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the power generation system to:
divide historical power related data of the power generation system into each of a plurality of power load segments based on power load values and a quantity of respective historical power related data within each of the power load segments, the power load values based on variable load levels being supplied by the power generation system;
identify parameter ranges for each of the plurality of power load segments;
determine an adjustment of the parameter settings for operational parameters within the power generation system for each of the plurality of power load segments, based on the identified parameters ranges and correlations between system energy efficiency and corresponding adjustable parameters of each of the plurality of power load segments; and
apply the parameter settings to the power generation system to control operating efficiency of equipment included in the power generation system in accordance with the variable load level.

US Pat. No. 10,338,546

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR VARIABLE CONTROL AND OPERATION OF HVAC COMPONENTS

Lennox Industries LLC, R...

1. A method of controlling operations of a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system, the method comprising:utilizing a plurality of environmental sensors associated with a controller that comprises at least one of a communication interface, a memory, and a processor to complete the following:
measuring, using at least one environmental sensor of the plurality of environmental sensors associated with the controller, current temperature within an enclosed space;
receiving, using the communication interface of the controller, a setpoint temperature within the enclosed space, wherein the setpoint temperature comprises a demand for a target temperature setting to condition air within the enclosed space;
calculating, using the controller, a temperature difference between the measured current temperature and the received setpoint temperature;
determining, using the controller, whether the temperature difference between the measured current temperature and the received setpoint temperature is greater than or equal to a first predetermined temperature differential value;
responsive to a determination that the temperature difference between the measured current temperature and the received setpoint temperature is greater than or equal to the first predetermined temperature differential value, determining, using the controller, whether the temperature difference between the measured current temperature and the received setpoint temperature is greater than or equal to a second predetermined temperature differential value; and
responsive to a determination that the temperature difference between the measured current temperature and the received setpoint temperature is less than the second predetermined temperature differential value, selecting, using the controller that received the setpoint temperature, a first operating mode of a plurality of operating modes of the HVAC system.

US Pat. No. 10,338,545

HVAC CONTROLLER HAVING MULTIPLEXED INPUT SIGNAL DETECTION AND METHOD OF OPERATION THEREOF

Lennox Industries Inc., ...

1. An HVAC controller, comprising:a signal conditioner configured to convert received alternating current (AC) input signals into corresponding square wave signals of a digital logic voltage;
a multiplexer coupled to said signal conditioner and configured to select one of said square wave signals;
a sample analyzer coupled to said multiplexer and configured to evaluate multiple samples of said selected one of said square wave signals to derive a binary state; and
wherein said sample analyzer comprises a gate and a counter and is configured to employ a clock signal to sample said selected one of said square wave signals;
wherein the counter of the sample analyzer is configured to determine a total number of assertions of said selected one of said square wave signals occurring during a window of time;
responsive to a determination that the total number of assertions of said selected one of said square wave signals reaches a threshold number of assertions during the window of time, the derived binary state is assumed to be one; and
responsive to a determination that the total number of assertions of said selected one of said square wave signals does not reach the threshold number of assertions during the window of time, the derived binary state is assumed to be zero.

US Pat. No. 10,338,544

COMMUNICATION CONFIGURATION ANALYSIS IN PROCESS CONTROL SYSTEMS

ABB Schweiz AG, Baden (C...

1. A method of analysing a Process Control (PC) system including a client Intelligent Electronic Device (IED) and server IEDs connected to a communication network, wherein an analyser connected to the communication network captures messages directed to the client IED and assigns a server IED to a captured message based on a standardized configuration representation of the PC system including logical data flow definitions, the method comprising:determining a present number of messages per unit of time received by the client IED from a server IED;
comparing the present number against an expected number of messages to identify the server IED as a source of excessive message rates; and
remedying a misconfiguration identified by comparing the present number against the expected number of messages, wherein remedying the misconfiguration comprises changing a reporting cycle time or moving from event-based reporting to cyclic reporting.

US Pat. No. 10,338,543

INTEGRATED MODEL PREDICTIVE CONTROL AND ADVANCED PROCESS CONTROL

Schneider Electric Softwa...

1. A process control system for a process, the process control system configured for use with an actuating device controlling a control output in the process, comprising:a model predictive control (MPC) component configured to implement a mathematical model describing a process, said MPC component implementing the mathematical model utilizing an operator value to generate a control output, the operator value corresponding to a variable of the process; and
an expert component configured to implement one or more rules independent of the MPC component, said rules indicating an incipient, unpredictable overload operating point corresponding to the process entering into an overload region in which the mathematical model cannot accurately predict an effect of the control output on the process utilizing the operator value, said expert component providing a corrective expert value to the MPC component to generate a corrective control output in the overload region, the expert value corresponding to the variable of the process,
wherein the MPC component is configured to provide the corrective control output to the actuating device in the overload region, said actuating device implementing the corrective control output in the process independent of the MPC component.

US Pat. No. 10,338,542

METHOD FOR COMPUTER-AIDED INSTALLATION CONTROL OPTIMIZATION USING A SIMULATION MODULE

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. An interactive assistance system for computer-aided control optimization for a technical system, havinga) an input terminal for reading in at least one state parameter, which indicates a first system state of the technical system, and at least one setting parameter for setting up a reward function suitable for training a neural network, wherein said at least one setting parameter is a weighted vector for said at least one state parameter of the technical system,
b) a simulation module for simulating performance of an action sequence on the technical system starting from the first system state and for predicting resulting successor states of the technical system, wherein the simulation module includes a neural network for simulation of the technical system,
c) an optimization module, coupled to the input terminal and to the simulation module, and configured to:
i) set up the reward function on the basis of the setting parameter (W), said reward function is a summation of a product of each state parameter and each respective setting parameters for said each state parameter,
ii) generate a multiplicity of action sequences for the first system state (S0),
iii) transmit the action sequences to the simulation module and to receive the resulting successor states,
iv) determine rewards which can be expected for the resulting successor states by means of the reward function which has been set up, and
v) determine a reward-optimizing action sequence as a function of said first system state and said at least one setting parameter, where different selections of said first system state and said at least one setting parameter thereby allowing said reward-optimizing action sequence to be independently optimized, and
d) an output terminal for outputting a system state resulting from the reward-optimizing action sequence,
wherein said reward-optimizing action sequence and said multiplicity of state sequences are transmitted from the optimization module to the output terminal, and
wherein the simulation of the technical system by the simulation module is independent of the reward function.

US Pat. No. 10,338,541

MACHINE LEARNING TO ESTABLISH OPTIMAL FILTER FOR REMOVING EXTERNAL NOISE WITHOUT DEGRADING RESPONSIVITY

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A machine learning apparatus for learning magnitude and cutoff frequency of a filter as a condition associated with the filter for filtering an analog input signal to a motor drive apparatus, the machine learning apparatus comprising:a processor configured to
observe a state variable that includes the magnitude and the cutoff frequency of the filter as a state that an action changes directly, and a noise component and noise amount of an output signal from the filter and a responsivity to the input signal as a state that an action changes indirectly, wherein the magnitude and the cutoff frequency of the filter are selected based on an action value table, and
perform learning the magnitude and the cutoff frequency of the filter as the condition associated with the filter in accordance with a training data set that includes the state variable,
wherein the filter is modified based on a result of said learning such that an action value of the action value table is optimized.

US Pat. No. 10,338,539

ACTUATOR CONTROL SYSTEM WITH TRANSIENT REDUCTION AFTER REDUNDANCY LEVEL CHANGES

HAMILTON SUNDSTRAND CORPO...

1. An actuator control system comprising:an actuator;
a plurality of motors configured to cooperatively operate the actuator; and
a controller configured to:
determine an output signal for controlling active ones of the motors during a current update cycle based on a first gain value, an integral contribution from the current update cycle, and an integral contribution from a preceding update cycle; and
based on a quantity of the motors that is active differing between the current and preceding update cycles, scale the integral contribution from the preceding update cycle for the output signal determination based on the first gain value and a second gain value from the preceding update cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,338,538

WATCH TYPE TERMINAL

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A watch type terminal comprising:a frame in which electronic components are mounted;
a case configured to cover a lateral area of the frame;
a display unit located in a front side of the case;
a metal ring arranged in an edge area of a front side of the display unit;
a window provided in a front side of the metal ring and configured to cover the display unit;
an hour clock hand and a minute clock hand installed between the window and the display unit;
a driving unit provided in a back side of the display unit, connected to one end of the hour clock hand and the minute clock hand through the display unit, and configured to vary the position of the hour clock hand and the minute clock hand; and
a controller implemented to control the display unit to output a second clock hand when the display is activated,
wherein the display unit comprises:
a display panel configured to output visual information; and
a mold configured to cover an edge and a back side of the display panel, the mold comprising metal, and
wherein the controller comprises an NFC module connected to the metal of the mold and implementing to transmit and receive NFC signals.

US Pat. No. 10,338,537

INDICATORS FOR EXTERNAL VARIABLES CONSISTING OF SINGULAR AND MULTIPLE DEPLETION CELLS

Vision Works IP Corporati...

1. An electrochemical timing device comprising:a. a lens for viewing a expiration of the timing device,
b. a base,
c. a cathode layer coupled to the lens and the base;
d. an anode layer comprising a plurality of coated non-metalized sections and coupled to the lens and the base; and
e. an electrolyte,
wherein the timing device is activated when the electrolyte comes into contact with the anode layer and the cathode layer, and wherein the electrolyte is prevented from migrating past an edge of depletion by the coated non-metalized sections of the anode layer after the timing device is activated and wherein an RFID antenna is unshielded as the timing device expires, and wherein the electrolyte comprises an unconductive substance that becomes conductive when the electrolyte liquifies, and wherein the RFID antenna conveys additional data.

US Pat. No. 10,338,536

ELECTRONIC TIMEPIECE

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. An electronic timepiece comprising:a magnetic detection unit;
a reception unit that receives positional information of a current position;
a specifying unit that specifies a controller-determined declination angle based on the positional information;
a declination angle adjustment unit that allows a user to adjust the controller-determined declination angle to a user-adjusted declination angle;
a decision unit that decides a direction of a due north based on a output of the magnetic detection unit and the user-adjusted declination angle;
an azimuth display unit that displays the direction of the due north decided by the decision unit; and
a declination angle display unit that displays at least one of the controller-determined declination angle and the user-adjusted declination angle,
wherein a hand of the timepiece indicates the direction of the due north in a compass mode and the hand of the timepiece indicates the at least one of the controller-determined declination angle and the user-adjusted declination angle in a declination angle adjustment processing mode.

US Pat. No. 10,338,535

METHOD FOR UNLOCKING A FUNCTION USING A TIMEPIECE

ETA SA Manufacture Horlog...

1. A method for unlocking a function of a device using a timepiece, the timepiece including a display device including a plurality of display elements and a control means for driving the plurality of display elements in a predefined animation sequence, the method comprising:placing the timepiece in front of a detection means;
actuating the control means to drive the plurality of display elements in the predefined animation sequence;
detecting the predefined animation sequence by the detection means;
comparing the detected animation sequence to a reference animation sequence; and
if the detected animation sequence is identical to the reference animation sequence, then unlocking the function.

US Pat. No. 10,338,534

SEMI-IMPERMEABLE CLOSURE DEVICE

The Swatch Group Research...

1. A portable object, comprising:a case forming a housing inside which is arranged a device that requires air to operate; and
a closure device comprising at least one permeable element, wherein
said closure device is arranged to provide impermeability to liquids while allowing the atmosphere inside the housing to communicate with the external atmosphere,
said case comprises a recess in which a through opening is made, said recess being closed by said closure device,
said closure device comprises a permeable module including a tubular support and a permeable membrane mounted on the tubular support, and a flexible gasket fixed at a first end to said recess and fixed at a second end to the tubular support to mount the tubular support in a suspended manner by the flexible gasket, the flexible gasket being configured to deform to move said tubular support and said permeable membrane between,
a rest position in which the permeable membrane is spaced apart from a bottom of the recess such that, in a gaseous environment, gases are allowed to penetrate said case opening through said permeable module, and
an operating position in which the permeable membrane is in contact with the bottom of the recess such that, in a liquid environment, gases and liquids are blocked from penetrating through said permeable module.

US Pat. No. 10,338,533

WRISTWATCH COMPRISING A DIAL WITH LUMINOUS INDICES

1. A wristwatch comprising:a watch case inside which is housed a timepiece movement;
a bezel mounted to rotate on the watch case; and
a dial including at least one luminous index;
wherein the luminous index is illuminated through the dial by at least one light source disposed underneath the dial and powered by an electrical energy source;
wherein an activation component for activating the light source is housed inside the rotating bezel and cooperates with a detection component housed inside the watch case;
wherein the activation component is configured such that, in a determined position of the rotating bezel, presence of the activation component is detected by the detection component;
wherein the detection component is configured to emit an electrical signal addressed to an electronic power and control assembly housed inside the watch case;
wherein the electronic power and control assembly is configured to emit in response to reception of the electrical signal emitted by the detection component an electrical signal that activates lighting of the light source for a determined period of time;
wherein a lower surface of the dial includes recesses and a light guide is arranged in each of the recesses;
wherein the at least one light source is mounted on an upper surface of a first printed circuit sheet disposed underneath the lower surface of the dial and positioned adjacent to the light guides;
wherein the first printed circuit sheet is disposed above the timepiece movement;
wherein a second printed circuit sheet that carries the electronic power and control assembly is disposed underneath the timepiece movement; and
wherein the light source carried by the first printed circuit sheet is electrically connected to the electronic power and control assembly by a connecting tongue.

US Pat. No. 10,338,532

TRIGONOMETRIC DISPLAY AND METHOD THEREOF

1. A trigonometric function display clock, the clock comprising:axial markings aligned with an x-axis and a y-axis of a clock face; and
a secondary circle having a diameter equal to a radius of the axial markings between a center of each axial marking and an end of each axial marking; and at least one hand configured to rotate about the central axis, wherein the secondary circle is coupled to the at least one hand,
wherein a first point on the secondary circle is aligned at the center of each axial marking,
wherein the secondary circle is configured to be rotatable about the first point, and
wherein the secondary circle is configured to overlap and align with at least a portion of the axial markings as the secondary circle rotates about the first point.

US Pat. No. 10,338,531

ANALOG ELECTRONIC WATCH

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD, ...

1. An analog electronic watch comprising:a hand that is configured to be rotatable; and
a control unit that controls the hand to perform a fast-forward operation during a display switching process that switches a display content to be displayed by the hand, the control unit controlling the hand such that the fast-forward operation differs between (i) a first case in which the display content after the display switching process relates to a current time, and (ii) a second case in which the display content after the display switching process relates to measurement of a time interval,
wherein:
in the first case, the control unit changes a fast-forward speed of the hand while the fast-forward operation is being performed, and
in the second case, the control unit does not change the fast-forward speed of the hand while the fast-forward operation is being performed.

US Pat. No. 10,338,530

TIMEPIECE MECHANISM FOR CONTROL OF A PLURALITY OF DISPLAYS

ETA SA Manufacture Horlog...

1. A control mechanism to control a plurality of timepiece displays, said plurality of displays comprising at least one group comprising a first display and a second display which are separate,the control mechanism being driven by a moving body of a timepiece movement,
the control mechanism comprising, for each said group of displays, a train to drive a control mobile body according to a control period,
the control mechanism further comprising, for each said group, a first control element to control said first display, and a second control element to control said second display, at different moments within the control period, and
wherein the control mechanism comprises a pivoting control lever to pivot with a to-and-from motion according to a limited angular course, and said control lever supports said first control element and said second control element to sequentially disengage said first control element and said second control element respectively from a first train driving said first display and a second train driving said second display according to the to-and-fro motion.

US Pat. No. 10,338,529

FASTENING PART FOR A HAIRSPRING

ROLEX SA, Geneva (CH)

1. An assembly comprising a hairspring and a fastening stud,the stud having a first portion designed to come into contact with the hairspring,
the first portion being formed so as to have a first surface and at least one second surface, wherein each of the first surface and second surface is a bearing surface in contact with a same face of the hairspring,
the first surface and the at least one second surface together forming an angle,
the first surface and the at least one second surface being discontinuous.

US Pat. No. 10,338,528

METHOD FOR FABRICATION OF A BALANCE SPRING OF A PREDETERMINED STIFFNESS BY LOCAL REMOVAL OF MATERIAL

1. A method for fabrication of a balance spring of a predetermined stiffness, comprising the following steps:a) forming a balance spring in dimensions greater than dimensions necessary to obtain said balance spring of predetermined stiffness;
b) determining a stiffness of the balance spring formed in step a) by measuring a frequency of said balance spring coupled with a balance having a predetermined inertia;
c) calculating a thickness of material to be removed from said balance spring, based on the stiffness of the balance spring determined in step b), to obtain dimensions necessary to obtain said balance spring of predetermined stiffness; and
d) removing, from the balance spring formed in step a), said thickness of the material in a non-homogeneous manner along the balance spring from a first face of said balance spring that is substantially perpendicular to a height dimension thereof and from another face of said balance spring that is substantially perpendicular to the first face, to obtain the balance spring having said dimensions necessary for said predetermined stiffness, said removing from the first face and from the another face being performed before the balance spring is assembled with a balance to form a resonator for a timepiece.

US Pat. No. 10,338,527

SELF-WINDING WATCH

The Swatch Group Research...

1. A self-winding watch comprising a movement connected to a winding device of a barrel spring comprising:an oscillating weight pivoting around an axis A;
a reduction wheel train cooperating with the oscillating weight to transmit the torque to the barrel;
at least one storage unit for electrical energy;
at least one photovoltaic cell arranged to receive the ambient light and charge the electrical energy storage unit;
a control circuit connected to the terminals of the storage unit; and
drive means connected to the control circuit and coupled to the oscillating weight to displace the oscillating weight,
wherein the energy storage unit, the control circuit and the drive means are integrated in the oscillating weight.

US Pat. No. 10,338,526

DEVICES AND METHODS FOR HOLOGRAPHIC 3D IMAGING

THE CHINESE UNIVERSITY OF...

1. A device, comprising:a laser light source that delivers a laser beam;
an image sensor;
an aperture disc comprising at least two stationary pinholes, wherein the laser beam is filtered by the stationary pinholes in a direction from the laser light source to the image sensor to generate a reference wave and an object wave;
a sample having a first area containing an object to be imaged and a second area without any object, wherein the first area is illuminated by the object wave and the second area is illuminated by the reference wave; and
wherein the image sensor captures an off-axis hologram for reconstructing an image of the object, wherein the reference wave and the object wave are interfered on the image sensor and the hologram is captured based on an interference pattern of the reference wave and the object wave.

US Pat. No. 10,338,525

HOLOGRAPHIC DISPLAY APPARATUS HAVING STEERABLE VIEWING

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A holographic display apparatus comprising:a light source configured to output light;
a spatial light modulator configured to modulate incident light and thereby reproduce a holographic image;
a lens configured to collimate light incident thereon from the light source and to focus light incident thereon from the spatial light modulator;
a retroreflective mirror configured to reflect collimated light incident thereon from the lens and thereby change a travel direction of the light incident thereon by 180 degrees;
a spatial filter configured to transmit only the holographic image;
an eye tracker configured to track a pupil location of an observer; and
a controller configured to adjust locations of the light source and the spatial filter in response to information identifying a change in the pupil location of the observer received from the eye tracker.

US Pat. No. 10,338,524

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROJECTING CONTENT

CREATIVISION (I.P.) LTD, ...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a frame comprising one or more projecting units;
wherein the one or more projecting units are arranged in a manner to project the content on a projecting field, said projecting field is defined by the frame;
wherein the frame is of a polygonal shape and comprises two or more frame elements, at least two of the two or more frame elements comprise a projection unit of the two or more projection units.

US Pat. No. 10,338,523

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS CAPABLE OF PREVENTING FINE PARTICLES FROM FLOWING OUT OF APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a fixing portion configured to heat a sheet on which a toner image has been transferred to fix the toner image to the sheet;
a sheet conveying portion configured to convey a sheet along a conveyance path that leads to a sheet discharge port via the fixing portion;
a first airflow generating portion that includes a first fan and is configured to generate an airflow flowing upstream from the fixing portion in a conveyance direction in which the sheet conveying portion conveys the sheet;
a setting processing portion configured to set a drive speed of the first fan based on either or both of a size of the sheet conveyed by the sheet conveying portion, and a conveyance interval at which the sheet conveying portion conveys the sheet; and
a first drive processing portion configured to drive the first fan at the drive speed set by the setting processing portion.

US Pat. No. 10,338,522

IMAGE FORMATION APPARATUS

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., Ch...

1. A body of an image formation apparatus configured to form an image on a continuous medium, comprising:a transfer device configured to transfer a prescribed toner image to the continuous medium;
a fixing device configured to apply heat to fix the toner image transferred to the continuous medium; and
a cooling device configured to cool the continuous medium heated,
the cooling device being disposed only on a side of one surface of the continuous medium and having a selection mechanism allowing selection of either transporting the continuous medium without the continuous medium abutting against the cooling device or transporting the continuous medium while the continuous medium abuts against the cooling device.

US Pat. No. 10,338,521

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS HAVING WASTE TONER COLLECTING FUNCTION FROM A PLURALITY OF PHOTOSENSITIVE DRUMS

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a main casing including:
a first wall; and
a second wall facing the first wall in an array direction;
a plurality of process cartridges;
a cartridge-supporting body for supporting the plurality of process cartridges, the cartridge-supporting body including:
a third wall; and
a fourth wall arranged between the third wall and the second wall in the array direction;
a waste toner cartridge for accommodating waste toner collected from the plurality of process cartridges;
a pair of positioning members for positioning the plurality of process cartridges; and
a conveying unit for conveying the waste toner to the waste toner cartridge, the conveying unit being overlapped with the pair of positioning members when viewed in the array direction.

US Pat. No. 10,338,520

DRUM CARTRIDGE AND DEVELOPING CARTRIDGE CAPABLE OF SUPPRESSING VARIATION IN POSITION OF ELECTRICAL CONTACT SURFACE

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A developing cartridge comprising:a casing configured to accommodate toner therein, the casing having a first end portion and a second end portion in a first direction, the casing having a third end portion and a fourth end portion in a second direction;
a developing roller rotatable about a developing roller axis extending in the first direction, the developing roller being positioned at the third end portion of the casing;
a supply roller rotatable about a supply roller axis extending in the first direction, the supply roller being in contact with a surface of the developing roller;
a developing electrode for supplying electric power to the developing roller, the developing electrode having a developing contact surface, the developing contact surface being positioned at the first end portion of the casing;
a supply electrode for supplying electric power to the supply roller, the supply electrode having a supply electrode surface, the supply electrode surface being positioned at the first end portion of the casing; and
a storage medium having an electrical contact surface, the electrical contact surface being positioned closer to the second end portion of the casing than the first end portion of the casing is to the second end portion, the electrical contact surface being positioned closer to the third end portion of the casing than the fourth end portion is to the third end portion.

US Pat. No. 10,338,519

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a conveying unit provided at an apparatus main body in a turnable manner and configured to form or open a nip area between the conveying unit and the apparatus main body, a sheet being conveyed through the nip area;
a boss provided at the apparatus main body;
a hook member provided at the conveying unit in a turnable manner and configured to be engaged with the boss when the conveying unit is turned to a position where the nip area is formed; and
an auxiliary pressing member configured to press the hook member in a direction in which the hook member is engaged with the boss after the hook member is engaged with the boss,
wherein a direction in which the auxiliary pressing member presses the hook member is different from a turning direction of the conveying unit.

US Pat. No. 10,338,518

REDUNDANT ELECTRICAL CONTACT BETWEEN A FASTENER AND A COMPONENT

Lexmark International, In...

1. An assembly, comprising:an electrically conductive fastener that includes a head and a shank, the shank extends from an undersurface of the head along a longitudinal axis of the fastener to a distal end of the fastener;
a fastening hole formed by an electrically nonconductive material, at least a portion of the shank of the fastener is installed in the fastening hole;
an electrically conductive component held between the undersurface of the head of the fastener and a surface surrounding an entrance to the fastening hole; and
an electrically conductive flange that extends from the component and contacts an outer portion of the head of the fastener such that an electrical path is formed between the fastener and the component,
wherein the flange is formed integrally with the component.

US Pat. No. 10,338,517

WASTE LIQUID CONTAINER AND ATTACHMENT

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A waste liquid container, comprising:a body having a mounting face, a side face, and a bottom face that are outer surfaces intersecting each other;
a waste liquid inlet disposed on the mounting face;
a circuit board having a connection terminal disposed along the side face;
a recess portion that opens in the mounting face and the bottom face below the waste liquid inlet; and
a dent,
wherein when a width direction is defined as a direction in which both the mounting face and the bottom face extend, the recess portion is disposed at a position between the waste liquid inlet and the connection terminal in the width direction, and
wherein when the side face is a first side face, the body has a second side face that is an outer surface opposite to the first side face, and
the dent opens in the mounting face and the second side face below the waste liquid inlet.

US Pat. No. 10,338,515

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a casing;
a process unit movable between an inside position which is inside the casing and an outside position which is outside the casing, the process unit including:
a first photoconductive drum;
a first drum cleaning unit configured to remove toner from the first photoconductive drum;
a second photoconductive drum;
a second drum cleaning unit configured to remove toner from the second photoconductive drum;
a process frame including a first wall and second wall, the first photoconductive drum and the second photoconductive drum being arranged between the first wall and second wall; and
a tube in which both the toner removed from the first photoconductive drum by the first drum cleaning unit and the toner removed from the second photoconductive drum by the second drum cleaning unit is conveyed, the tube including an opening and a shutter, the shutter being movable between an opened position at which the opening is opened and a closed position at which the opening is closed; and
an accommodating unit configured to accommodate the toner conveyed in the tube,
wherein the tube is supported on the first wall of the process frame, and
wherein the tube is movable with the process unit such that when the process unit is moved from the inside position to the outside position, the tube moves from inside the casing to outside of the casing together with the process unit.

US Pat. No. 10,338,514

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, DEVELOPER USED THEREBY, AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image bearing member including a single-layer-type photosensitive layer containing a binder resin and filler particles, the filler particles being contained in an amount in a range from 3 parts by mass to 40 parts by mass inclusive with respect to 100 parts by mass of the binder resin;
a charging section that is either in contact with or positioned close to the image bearing member and that electrically charges the image bearing member by generating a proximity discharge between the charging section and the image bearing member;
a developing section that supplies toner to a circumferential surface of the charged image bearing member;
a cleaning member that is brought into pressure contact with the circumferential surface of the image bearing member being rotated, by applying linear pressure equal to or higher than 15 gf/cm; and
a driving mechanism that causes the image bearing member and the cleaning member to reciprocate relative to each other along a rotation axis direction of the image bearing member, wherein
the cleaning member has a degree of hardness equal to or higher than 65° and a degree of impact resilience equal to or lower than 30%,
a volume median diameter of the filler particles is in a range from 0.07 ?m to 5.0 ?m inclusive,
surface roughness of the image bearing member is larger than 0.2 ?m and is equal to or smaller than 1.5 ?m,
a moving distance by which the image bearing member and the cleaning member move relative to each other while the image bearing member rotates once is longer than 0 ?m and is equal to or shorter than 100 ?m,
the cleaning member is brought into pressure contact with the circumferential surface of the image bearing member being rotated, by applying linear pressure equal to or larger than a value selected according to the moving distance, and
the driving mechanism causes the image bearing member to reciprocate.

US Pat. No. 10,338,513

PROCESS CARTRIDGE

JIANGXI YIBO E-TECH CO., ...

1. A process cartridge detachably installed in an imaging device with a rotatable driving head and an openable and closable machine door cover along an installation direction, the process cartridge comprising:a housing;
a driving force receiving member capable of receiving a force of the driving head; and
a rotatable component rotatably supported by the housing and capable of receiving a force of the driving force receiving member to rotate,
the process cartridge being installed in the imaging device along a direction approximately perpendicular to the axis direction of the rotatable component,
wherein the driving force receiving member has a first state and a second state relative to the driving head, the first state is a state in which the driving force receiving member abuts against the driving head after the process cartridge is installed in the imaging device and the machine door cover is closed, the abutting state refers to a state in which the axis of the driving force receiving member is not coaxial with the axis of the driving head, the second state is a state in which the driving force receiving member is engaged with the driving head, the second state refers to that the driving force receiving member and the driving head are approximately coaxial, and the driving force receiving member can receive the driving force from the driving head to rotate the rotatable component, and when the driving force receiving member is in the first state relative to the driving head, as the imaging device drives the driving head to rotate, the driving force receiving member can move from the first state to the second state relative to the driving head.

US Pat. No. 10,338,512

IMAGE FORMING SYSTEM AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD

Konica Minolta, Inc., Ch...

1. An image forming system comprising:an image former that performs an image forming process on a paper sheet, the image forming process including foil pressing; and
a controller that controls the image former to perform the image forming process by selectively setting one of a first test print mode and a second test print mode when a test print mode is set, an amount of foil consumption at the image former being normal in the first test print mode, an amount of foil consumption at the image former being reduced in the second test print mode.

US Pat. No. 10,338,511

READING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH GUIDE MEMBER TO GUIDE SHEET FROM FIRST FEEDING PATH TO SECOND FEEDING PATH

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A reading apparatus comprising:a reader that reads an image formed on a sheet;
an opposed reading member that is provided opposite to the reader;
a first feeding path that feeds a sheet on an upstream of the reader in a sheet feeding direction;
a second feeding path that is continuous to the first feeding path and feeds a sheet between the reader and the opposed reading member;
a pair of feeding rollers that feeds a sheet on the first feeding path to the second feeding path;
a guide member that guides a sheet fed from the first feeding path to the second feeding path, from the opposed reading member side; and
a roller that is arranged on the second feeding path and is rotatably driven in a sheet feeding direction due to contact with a sheet,
wherein the first feeding path and the second feeding path form a feeding path bent due to the different sheet feeding directions of the first feeding path and the second feeding path, and
a downstream end of the guide member in a sheet feeding direction is positioned in a first region surrounded by a line connecting a nip part of the pair of feeding rollers and a center of the roller arranged on the second feeding path, a tangential line tangential to a surface of the roller arranged on the second feeding path and parallel with a sheet feeding direction of the second feeding path, and the outer periphery of the roller arranged on the second feeding path.

US Pat. No. 10,338,510

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH HEAT ACCUMULATOR

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a fixing device that forms a fixing nip by bringing a pressure member having a release layer and an elastic layer on a surface into pressure contact with a peripheral surface of a heating rotator and fixes an unfixed toner image by feeding a recording medium having the unfixed toner image through the fixing nip;
an acceptor that accepts a specified laminate processing mode for performing laminate processing by feeding a laminate in which laminate films are laminated on both surfaces of the recording medium through the fixing nip; and
a hardware processor that controls the heating rotator to idle for a predetermined time without feeding a sheet while the fixing nip is formed when the laminate processing mode is accepted, and then, controls to perform the laminate processing, wherein
a heat accumulating member provided to be capable of contacting with and separating from an outer peripheral surface of the pressure member and a pressure contact/separation mechanism which makes the heat accumulating member have contact with or be separated from the pressure member are further included, and
when accepting the laminate processing mode, the hardware processor performs control to idle the heating rotator for a predetermined time in a state where the heat accumulating member is brought into pressure contact with the pressure member by the pressure contact/separation mechanism to accumulate heat in the heat accumulating member.

US Pat. No. 10,338,509

INFORMATION INPUTTING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS HAVING INFORMATION INPUTTING APPARATUS

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. An information inputting apparatus, comprising:an antenna composing a circuit substrate configured to communicate with an information terminal through Near Field Communication;
a placement surface on which the information terminal is to be put, the placement surface facing the circuit substrate in a first direction which is orthogonal to the placement surface;
an operation unit disposed adjacent to the placement surface in a second direction which is along the placement surface, the operation unit having a plurality of operation surfaces arranged in a third direction which is along the placement surface and intersects with the second direction, each of the plurality of operation surfaces being parallel to the placement surface and protruding further in the first direction than the placement surface; and
a protrusion disposed between the placement surface and the plurality of operation surfaces of the operation unit in the second direction, the protrusion extending along substantially an entire length of the placement surface in the third direction, the protrusion having a height higher than a height, of any of the plurality of operation surfaces, at which the operation unit reacts,
wherein the protrusion extends along the third direction to separate the plurality of operation surfaces from the placement surface in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,338,508

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH IMAGE POSITION DEVIATION CORRECTION AND CONTROL METHOD FOR CORRECTING IMAGE POSITION DEVIATION

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a developing section configured to form a visible image on a photoconductor for each type of developer;
an image carrier configured to carry visible images formed in a plurality of the developing sections;
a deviation correction section configured to correct position deviation of the plurality of visible images formed on the image carrier;
a specific pixel detection section configured to detect a specific pixel used to form an image with each type of developer; and
a determination section configured to determine execution of correction in the deviation correction section according to information indicating an amount of the specific pixels.

US Pat. No. 10,338,507

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS CAPABLE OF ESTIMATING LIFE OF ION CONDUCTIVE COMPONENT AND METHOD FOR ESTIMATING LIFE OF ION CONDUCTIVE COMPONENT

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an ion conductive component; and
a processor for estimating a life of the conductive component,
the processor acquiring an index value related to energization of the conductive component, and
estimating the life of the conductive component based on the index value per unit time.

US Pat. No. 10,338,506

FIXING DEVICE

Konica Minolta, Inc., Ch...

1. A fixing device comprising:a fixing rotator;
a pressure rotator configured to be pressed into contact with the fixing rotator to form a nip portion;
a heating section configured to be provided over an outer circumference of the fixing rotator in a non-contact manner with the fixing rotator and heat the fixing rotator; and
a power shutdown section configured to shut down power supply to the heating section when temperature becomes higher than a predetermined setting temperature,
wherein the heating section includes an infrared heater and a reflection member which covers the infrared heater and whose portion facing the fixing rotator is an opening portion,
a longitudinal length of the reflection member is longer than a length in an axis direction of a light emitting unit of the infrared heater, and
a temperature detection unit of the power shutdown section is arranged outside the reflection member and at a position on a surface of the reflection member that is away from a terminal edge of the reflection member that is closest to the fixing rotator and not below a vertical position defined by the nip portion;
wherein the reflection member is formed from planer portions and a portion of the temperature detection unit contacting a planar portion of the reflection member is arranged entirely in contact with the planer portion of the reflection member;
wherein an area of an inside surface of the reflection member, which faces the temperature detection unit, is processed to have an emissivity higher than that of the other area of the inside surface.

US Pat. No. 10,338,505

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE HEATING APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING A HEAT GENERATING QUANTITY OF A PLURALITY OF HEATING ELEMENTS

Canon Kabushiki Saisha, ...

1. An image heating apparatus that heats an image formed on a recording material, the image heating apparatus comprising:a heater having a plurality of heating elements arranged in a direction orthogonal to a conveying direction of the recording material, each of the plurality of heating elements having a heating region; and
a control portion that controls electrical power to be supplied to the plurality of heating elements, the control portion being capable of individually controlling the plurality of heating elements,
wherein the control portion executes control of a heat generating quantity of each of the plurality of heating elements such that a heat generating quantity when heating a first region of the recording material including an image, a heat generating quantity when heating a second region of the recording material not including an image, and a heat generating quantity when heating a third region in which there is no recording material are different each other.

US Pat. No. 10,338,504

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A fixing device comprising:a fixing member to heat a toner on a medium while rotating;
a pressing member to form a pressing area between the fixing member and the pressing member while rotating and press the toner on the medium passing through the pressing area;
a cover to be movable between a closing position at which a conveyance path to convey the medium is formed and an opening position at which the conveyance path is exposed, the cover including a recess on a side of the conveyance path; and
a separation member to be movable between a contact position at which the separation member comes in contact with a face of the fixing member in a state in which the cover is arranged at the closing position and a withdrawing position at which the separation member is separated from the fixing member in a state in which the cover is arranged at the opening position, wherein
a cam part is formed at an end in an axial direction of the cover,
the cover rotates around an opening-and-closing shaft extended in the axial direction,
the separation member includes:
an arm to rotate around a separation shaft extended in an axial direction of the fixing member;
a separation plate to be fixed to a supporting member connected to the arm, a tip end of the separation plate coming in contact with the face of the fixing member; and
a contact part to be provided at a tip end of the arm and to move while coming in contact with the cam part,
the separation member separates the medium from the face of the fixing member in a state in which the separation member is arranged at the contact position, and
a tip end part of the separation member enters an interior of the recess of the cover in a state in which the separation member is arranged at the withdrawing position.

US Pat. No. 10,338,503

FIXING DEVICE INCLUDING ROTARY MEMBER TO SUPPRESS VAPORIZED COMPONENT ESCAPE

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A fixing apparatus that fixes an unfixed toner image formed on a recording material to the recording material, the fixing apparatus comprising:a rotatable film including a first end face and a second end face opposite the first end face;
a first restriction member that includes a surface that faces the first end face of the film, the first restriction member restricting movement of the film in a generatrix direction of the film in a case where the film is shifted in the generatrix direction and the first end face of the film is in contact with the surface of the first restriction member;
a second restriction member that includes a surface that faces the second end face of the film, the second restriction member restricting movement of the film in a generatrix direction of the film in a case where the film is shifted in the generatrix direction and the second end face of the film is in contact with the surface of the second restriction member;
a pressure member that forms a fixing nip portion that pinches and conveys the recording material by being in contact with the film;
a cover member that surrounds the film;
a cylindrically-shaped rotary member being provided between the film and the cover member such that a gap is formed between the film and the cylindrically-shaped rotary member, wherein a part of the cylindrically-shaped rotary member that is farthest from an axis of rotation of the cylindrically-shaped rotary member is closer to an exit of the fixing nip portion than to an entrance of the fixing nip portion; and
a shaft that supports the cylindrically-shaped rotary member, the shaft including a first end attached to the surface of the first restriction member and an opposing second end attached to the surface of the second restriction member such that the cylindrically-shaped rotary member is held by the first and second restriction members,
wherein the unfixed toner image formed on the recording material is fixed to the recording material at the fixing nip portion with heat from the film, and
wherein a generatrix direction of the cylindrically-shaped rotary member is substantially parallel to a generatrix direction of the film.

US Pat. No. 10,338,502

IMAGE-FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image-forming apparatus, comprising:a first image bearing member that bears a toner image;
a second image bearing member that bears a toner image;
an intermediate transfer member that is movable and onto which a toner image born by at least one of the first image bearing member and the second image bearing member is primary-transferred;
a first transfer member that is in contact with an inner peripheral surface of the intermediate transfer member and is disposed at a position corresponding to the first image bearing member;
a first power supply that applies a voltage to the first transfer member;
a charging unit that is in contact with an outer peripheral surface of the intermediate transfer member and is disposed, with respect to a movement direction of the intermediate transfer member, downstream of a secondary transfer portion where the toner image is secondary-transferred from the intermediate transfer member onto a transfer medium and that charges toner that has passed the secondary transfer portion with opposite polarity that is opposite to a normal charging polarity of the toner; and
a control unit that can perform a collection operation in which the toner charged with the opposite polarity by the charging unit is moved from the intermediate transfer member to any one of the first and second image bearing members that are in contact with the intermediate transfer member, wherein
the control unit performs the collection operation by causing the first power supply to apply a first voltage that is a voltage having the opposite polarity to the first transfer member in a first state in which the first image bearing member and the second image bearing member are in contact with the intermediate transfer member, and
the control unit performs the collection operation by causing the first power supply to apply a second voltage that is a voltage having the opposite polarity and higher in absolute value than the first voltage to the first transfer member in a second state in which the first image bearing member is in contact with the intermediate transfer member and the second image bearing member is separated from the intermediate transfer member.

US Pat. No. 10,338,501

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising: a unit detachably mounted on a main assembly of said apparatus and including a belt, a cleaning device, a shutter member, and a holding member,wherein said belt is an endless belt and is stretched around a plurality of stretching rollers,
wherein said cleaning device includes a cleaning member for removing toner from said belt and a container for accommodating the toner removed from said belt and provided with a discharge opening, and
wherein said shutter member is movable between an opening position for opening said discharge opening and a closing position for closing said discharge opening, to open and close said discharge opening, and
wherein said holding member holds said shutter member at the opening position or the closing position; and
a guiding portion for guiding said unit and actable on said shutter member to open and close said shutter member when said unit is mounted to and dismounted from said main assembly, wherein said guiding portion includes an opening operating portion, a closing operating portion, and a shutter closing portion,
wherein said opening operating portion is contacted to said shutter member to move said shutter member from the closing position to the opening position in interrelation with an inserting operation of said unit relative to said guiding portion,
wherein said closing operating portion is contacted to said shutter member to move said shutter member from the opening position to the closing position in interrelation with an extracting operation of said unit from said guiding portion, and
wherein, when said unit is inserted relative to said guiding portion while said shutter member is in the opening position, said shutter closing portion is contacted to said shutter member at a position upstream of said opening operating portion and said closing operating portion, with respect to an inserting direction of said unit relative to said guiding portion, to move said shutter member from the opening position to the closing position in interrelation with the inserting operation.

US Pat. No. 10,338,500

POWDER DETECTION DEVICE AND DEVELOPMENT DEVICE

Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A powder detection device that is provided in a storage container for powder and that detects the powder in the storage container, the powder detection device comprising:a detection unit that includes a detection surface provided in the storage container and that detects the powder through the detection surface;
a cleaning unit that removes the powder from the detection surface by sliding along the detection surface; and
a drive unit that reciprocates the cleaning unit, wherein
the drive unit includes a pivot shaft that is axially supported by the storage container,
the cleaning unit is held by the pivot shaft, and is provided with an opening, and
the cleaning unit pivots on center of the pivot shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,338,499

TONER CARTRIDGE INCLUDING DETECTION GEAR

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A toner cartridge comprising:a casing configured to accommodate toner therein;
an auger rotatable about a first axis extending in a first direction, the auger being configured to convey the toner in the first direction, the auger being positioned at one end portion of the casing in a second direction, the auger including an auger shaft extending in the first direction and a helical portion extending from the auger shaft;
an auger gear provided at one end of the auger in the first direction, the auger gear being rotatable with the auger;
an agitator rotatable about a second axis extending in the first direction, the agitator being configured to agitate the toner and configured to convey the toner toward the auger, the agitator being aligned with the auger in the second direction;
an agitator gear provided at one end of the agitator in the first direction, the agitator gear being rotatable with the agitator;
a detection gear positioned opposite to the auger gear with respect to the agitator gear in the second direction, the detection gear being rotatable from a first position to a second position, the detection gear including one of a through-hole and a cutout;
a gear cover covering the agitator gear and the auger gear and the detection gear, the gear cover comprising a second through-hole aligned with the one of the through-hole and the cutout of the detection gear in the first direction in the case where the detection gear is at the first position; and
a frame extending from an outer surface of another end portion of the casing, the frame including a third through-hole aligned with the second through-hole in the first direction,
wherein, in a case where the detection gear is at the first position, the one of the through-hole and the cutout of the detection gear is positioned farther away from the auger than the outer surface the another end portion of the casing in the second direction is positioned from the auger in the second direction, and
wherein, in a case where the detection gear is at the second position, an outer surface of a portion of the detection gear different from the one of the through-hole and the cutout is positioned farther away from the auger than the outer surface of the another end portion of the casing in the second direction is positioned from the auger in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,338,498

DEVELOPER CONTAINER AND IMAGE FORMING DEVICE

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. An image forming apparatus that forms an image on a sheet by forming a toner image on a photosensitive drum and transferring the toner image onto the sheet, the apparatus comprising:a main casing having an opening;
a scanning unit configured to irradiate a laser beam toward the photosensitive drum, the scanning unit being disposed inside the main casing;
a sheet-conveying unit configured to convey a sheet in a first direction, the sheet-conveying unit being disposed inside the main casing;
a process frame movable between a first position and a second position in the first direction through the opening of the main casing;
a toner cartridge detachably mounted in the process frame, the toner cartridge including:
a waste-toner accommodating section configured to accommodate waste toner therein; and
a toner accommodating section configured to accommodate toner therein, the toner accommodating section being configured such that the toner accommodating section is disposed between the waste-toner accommodating section and the photosensitive drum when the toner cartridge is mounted in the process frame and the process frame is in the first position;
a waste-toner storage section configured to store the waste toner;
a first conveyor configured to convey the waste-toner stored in the waste-toner storage section in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction;
a second conveyor configured to convey the waste-toner conveyed by the first conveyor in a third direction perpendicular to the second direction;
a third conveyor configured to convey the waste-toner conveyed by the second conveyor in a fourth direction to the waste-toner accommodating section in the toner cartridge, the fourth direction being opposite to the second direction;
a belt cleaner;
a developing section configured to develop an image on the photosensitive drum by a toner during an image forming operation; and
a drum cleaning roller; and
wherein the sheet-conveying unit comprises:
a drive roller;
a follow roller; and
a conveying belt mounted around the drive roller and follow roller;
wherein the belt cleaner is configured to collect the waste-toner from the conveying belt and store the waste toner in the waste-toner storage section;
wherein, during the image forming operation, the waste toner is temporarily retained on the peripheral surface of the drum cleaning roller; and
wherein, during a waste toner recovering operation, the waste-toner temporarily retained on the peripheral surface of the drum cleaning roller is discharged from the drum cleaning roller via the photosensitive drum to the conveying belt and collected by the belt cleaner.

US Pat. No. 10,338,497

DELIVERY NOZZLE RECEIVING DEVICE AND TONER CARTRIDGE

THANSPEX IMAGE TECHNOLOGY...

1. A toner cartridge, comprising a cylinder body used for accommodating developer and a delivery nozzle receiving device disposed on a first axial end of the cylinder body,wherein the delivery nozzle receiving device comprises:
a fixture bracket, wherein the fixture bracket is fixed to the first axial end of the cylinder body and is located inside the cylinder body, a guiding slot is formed in the fixture bracket along a length direction of the fixture bracket, the guiding slot is communicated with the inside of the cylinder body, and a side of the guiding slot close to the first axial end of the cylinder body is provided with a delivery nozzle receiving opening; and
a closer, wherein the closer is mounted inside the fixture bracket and can move along the guiding slot between a closed location at which the delivery nozzle receiving opening is closed and an opened location at which the delivery nozzle receiving opening is opened; and
wherein the delivery nozzle receiving device further comprises:
an elastic element, wherein the elastic element is sleeved outside the fixture bracket and pushes the closer towards the closed location, a first end of the elastic element is limited on an end of the fixture bracket close to the delivery nozzle receiving opening, and a second end of the elastic element is connected to an end of the closer away from the delivery nozzle receiving opening;
wherein the elastic element comprises a tension spring, a first end of the tension spring is fixed to the end of the fixture bracket close to the delivery nozzle receiving opening, and a second end of the tension spring is connected to the end of the closer away from the delivery nozzle receiving opening of the cartridge;
wherein a conveying component is disposed on the cylinder body, the conveying component comprising a helical protrusion that projects from an inner peripheral wall of the cylinder body in a helical manner, and the conveying component conveys the developer in a first conveying direction from an inner side of the cylinder body to the side of the delivery nozzle receiving opening;
wherein a direction of turning of the tension spring is opposite to a direction of turning of the helical protrusion, and the tension spring conveys the developer in a second conveying direction from the side of the delivery nozzle receiving opening to the inner side of the cylinder body.

US Pat. No. 10,338,496

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR ADJUSTING TONER DENSITY IN AN IMAGING DEVICE

LEXMARK INTERNATIONAL, IN...

1. A method of printing in an imaging device, comprising:determining whether a duty cycle state in the imaging device has changed;
selecting one of a full toner density calibration and a partial toner density calibration based on the determining;
performing the one of the full toner density calibration and the partial toner density calibration;
identifying a toner density to be applied during printing as a result of the performing;
developing a toned image having a toner density equal to the toner density identified; and
printing the toned image on a media sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,338,495

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a cleaning cartridge including an image bearing member, and a cleaning member configured to come into contact with the image bearing member and clean the image bearing member;
a developing cartridge having a developing agent bearing member configured to convey developing agent to the image bearing member; and
a control unit configured to execute a supply process of developing agent supplied from the developing cartridge to the cleaning member via the image bearing member during a non-image-forming period,
wherein the cleaning cartridge and the developing cartridge are each detachably mounted to an apparatus main body of the image forming apparatus,
wherein the control unit decides, based on a value relating to an amount of developing agent recovered by the cleaning member and a value relating to a usage amount of the developing cartridge, a supply amount of the developing agent supplied from the developing cartridge to the cleaning member in the supplying process of the developing agent, and
wherein, in a case where the usage amount of the developing cartridge is fixed, for increasing amounts of developing agent recovered by the cleaning member, the supply amount of the developing agent decreases.

US Pat. No. 10,338,494

DEVELOPING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS HAVING DEVELOPER MOVEMENT APPARATUS

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A developing apparatus comprising:a developer carrier that carries a developer;
a developer casing that contains the developer to be supplied to the developer carrier;
an opening/closing part capable of controlling a moving amount of the developer between a first region on one side in an axial direction of the developer carrier and a second region on the other side in the axial direction of the developer carrier by opening or closing the first region and the second region; and
a hardware processor that controls an open/closed state of the opening/closing part in accordance with the state of the developer in the first region and the second region.

US Pat. No. 10,338,493

DEVELOPING ROLLER, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME

SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIE...

1. A developing roller comprising:a tubular porous inner layer of a foamed product of a semiconductive rubber composition comprising an ethylene propylene rubber and a paraffin oil; and
a single outermost layer comprising a seamless tube of a semiconductive thermoplastic polyamide elastomer provided on an outer periphery of the inner layer;
the developing roller having an overall Asker-C hardness of not less than 30 degrees and not greater than 60 degrees, wherein
the seamless tube has a wall thickness T of not less than 100 ?m and not greater than 400 ?m, and
an interference represented by a difference D1?D2 between the outer diameter D1 of the inner layer and the inner diameter D2 of the seamless tube is not less than 100 ?m and not greater than 400 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,338,492

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS HAVING ELECTROSTATIC CAPACITY DETECTION

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a rotatable image bearing member;
a developing device including a developing container accommodating a developer containing toner and a carrier and a rotatable developer carrying member configured to carry the developer toward a position where an electrostatic image formed on said image bearing member is developed, said developing device being configured to develop the electrostatic image formed on said image bearing member with the developer;
an electrostatic capacity detecting portion configured to detect information on electrostatic capacity between said developer carrying member and said image bearing member;
a toner content detecting portion configured to detect information on a toner content of the developer accommodated in said developing device;
a driving device configured to rotationally drive said developer carrying member; and
a controller configured to control said driving device,
wherein on the basis of the electrostatic capacity detected by said electrostatic capacity detecting portion and the toner content detected by said toner content detecting portion, said controller controls a driving speed at which said developer carrying member is rotationally driven by said driving device.

US Pat. No. 10,338,491

OPTICAL SCANNING APPARATUS AND OPTICAL SCANNING APPARATUS SYSTEM

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An optical scanning apparatus comprising:a light source;
a substrate including an electric circuit for causing the light source to emit light; and
a deflection unit configured to deflect and scan the light emitted from the light source,
wherein the light source and the electric circuit are connected to each other with terminals of the light source inserted into holes provided at positions, opposing the light source, of the substrate,
wherein the substrate includes a plurality of holes, and
a number of the plurality of holes is larger than a number of the terminals of the light source, and
wherein the substrate has an area with which the light source is overlapped as seen in an optical axis of the light, and
the plurality of holes is located in the area of the substrate and the plurality of holes is located within a concentric circle centered at the optical axis of the light emitted from the light source toward the deflection unit.

US Pat. No. 10,338,490

PAPER SENSOR FOR ADJUSTING TRANSFER PARAMETERS

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a sensor positioned in proximity to a paper path before a toner transfer area of a toner-based print engine, and configured to generate sensor data corresponding to at least one property of a paper in the paper path;
a transfer roller configured to receive an electric charge for transferring toner from an associated transfer belt to the paper,
wherein a voltage of the electric charge is adjusted based on a transfer parameter corresponding, at least in part, to the sensor data, and
wherein a speed of the transfer roller varies based on the transfer parameter; and
a processor configured to receive the sensor data from the sensor and determine the transfer parameter based at least in part on the received sensor data,
wherein the processor is further configured to determine the transfer parameter based on
sensor data from a temperature sensor,
sensor data from a humidity sensor,
an average of a plurality of sensor data,
a moving average of a plurality of sensor data,
an estimated paper property based on
a cellulose content of the paper,
an initial moisture content of the paper,
an additive content of the paper, and
a thickness of the paper, and
an estimated paper property based on a condition selected from the group consisting of a print operation to a first side of the paper, and a print operation to a second side of the paper subsequent to the print operation to the first side of the paper.

US Pat. No. 10,338,489

TWO-COMPONENT DEVELOPER AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD USING THE SAME

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A two-component developer for developing an electrostatic charge image, the two-component developer comprising a toner and a carrier,wherein the toner contains an amorphous resin and a crystalline resin as binder resins and an inorganic particle as an external additive particle, and
the carrier has a surface to which silica particles having a number average particle diameter of 10 to 30 nm are attached in an amount in the range of the following Equation (1):
5 at %?S1?10 at %  (1)
wherein S1 represents a concentration of Si element as measured by XPS and indicates an amount of silica on the surface of the carrier.

US Pat. No. 10,338,487

TONER

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A toner comprising a toner particle, the toner particle comprising (i) a toner base particle containing a binder resin and (ii) a resin fine particle, whereina surface of the toner base particle bears the resin fine particle,
the resin fine particle has an organosilicon condensate on a surface thereof,
the resin fine particle contains a resin having an ionic functional group, and
a charge attenuation constant of the toner is 3.5×10?3 to 1.0×100.

US Pat. No. 10,338,486

ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTOSENSITIVE MEMBER AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An electrophotographic photosensitive member including a substrate, a photoconductive layer, and a surface layer made of hydrogenated amorphous carbon in this order, whereinan average value of a hydrogen content ratio of the surface layer is 0.40 or less, and
a maximum value of a sp2 bonding ratio in an outermost surface region is 0.50 or less when a region having a depth of 5 nm or less from an outermost surface of the surface layer is defined as the outermost surface region.

US Pat. No. 10,338,485

ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTOSENSITIVE MEMBER

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An electrophotographic photosensitive member comprising a conductive substrate and a photosensitive layer, whereinthe photosensitive layer contains a charge generating material and a compound represented by a general formula (1) shown below:

where in the general formula (1),
R1 and R2 each represent, independently of one another; an alkyl group having a carbon number of at least 1 and no greater than 20 and optionally having at least one of an aryl group having a carbon number of at least 6 and no greater than 14 and optionally having a substituent and an alkoxycarbonyl group having a carbon number of at least 2 and no greater than 20; an aryl group having a carbon number of at least 6 and no greater than 14 and optionally having an alkyl group having a carbon number of at least 1 and no greater than 20; a cycloalkyl group having a carbon number of at least 3 and no greater than 10; or an alkoxy group having a carbon number of at least 1 and no greater than 6.

US Pat. No. 10,338,484

RECIPE SELECTION BASED ON INTER-RECIPE CONSISTENCY

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method for a measurement procedure, the method comprising:determining recipe consistency within each of a plurality of subsets of substrate measurement recipes selected from a plurality of substrate measurement recipes based on values of a characteristic at a plurality of areas on a substrate obtained using the plurality of substrate measurement recipes;
selecting a substrate measurement recipe from the plurality of substrate measurement recipes based on the recipe consistency; and
setting or modifying a physical configuration of a physical measurement process according to at least the selected substrate measurement recipe and/or communicating data to a physical system in order to set or modify a physical configuration of a measurement or inspection apparatus according to at least the selected substrate measurement recipe.

US Pat. No. 10,338,483

ACTUATOR SYSTEM AND LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. An actuator system configured to position an object, the actuator system comprising:a piezo actuator comprising an actuator contact surface, wherein the piezo actuator is configured to exert a force via the actuator contact surface onto the object and the piezo actuator comprises a transparent piezo material;
an optical position sensor configured to measure a position of the actuator contact surface,
wherein the optical position sensor is configured to transmit an optical beam through the transparent piezo material to the actuator contact surface.

US Pat. No. 10,338,482

MOVABLE BODY DRIVE METHOD AND MOVABLE BODY DRIVE SYSTEM, PATTERN FORMATION METHOD AND APPARATUS, EXPOSURE METHOD AND APPARATUS, AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An exposure apparatus that exposes a substrate with an illumination light via a projection optical system and a liquid, the apparatus comprising:a nozzle member provided to surround a lens that is disposed closest to an image plane side, of a plurality of optical elements of the projection optical system, the nozzle member forming a liquid immersion area with the liquid under the lens;
a first stage system having a first stage and a first drive system, the first stage being disposed above the projection optical system and holding a mask illuminated with the illumination light, and the first drive system including a first motor to drive the first stage;
a base member disposed below the projection optical system;
a second stage system having a second stage and a third stage that are disposed on the base member and a second drive system that includes a second motor to drive the second and the third stages, the second stage having a holder for holding the substrate;
a first measurement device and a second measurement device that measure positional information of the first stage and positional information of the second stage, the second measurement device having an encoder system in which one of a grating section and heads is provided at the second stage and the other of the grating section and the heads is provided on an outer side of the nozzle member with respect to the projection optical system, above the second stage, the encoder system measuring the positional information of the second stage with a plurality of the heads that face the grating section, and the grating section having a reflective grating that is periodic in a direction parallel to a predetermined plane orthogonal to an optical axis of the projection optical system; and
a controller coupled to the first and the second stage systems and the first and the second measurement devices, the controller controlling the first and the second drive systems based on measurement information of the first and the second measurement devices so that, in an exposure operation of the substrate, scanning exposure in which the mask and the substrate are each moved relative to the illumination light is performed with a first direction within the predetermined plane serving as a scanning direction, wherein
the controller controls the second drive system so that the third stage is moved from one side to an other side in the first direction in order to cause the third stage to come close, from the one side in the first direction, to the second stage that is placed facing the projection optical system, and so that the second and the third stages that have come close together are moved from the one side to the other side in the first direction in order to place the third stage to face the projection optical system instead of the second stage while substantially maintaining the liquid immersion area under the lens,
in the exposure operation, as the second stage is moved in the direction parallel to the predetermined plane, another head different from the plurality of heads faces the grating section instead of one head of the plurality of heads, and the positional information of the second stage is measured by multiple heads including remaining heads and the another head, the remaining heads excluding the one head of the plurality of heads, and
the controller acquires correction information for the positional information obtained from the another head, based on the positional information obtained from the plurality of heads including the one head.

US Pat. No. 10,338,481

POLARIZATION INDEPENDENT METROLOGY SYSTEM

ASML Holding N.V., Veldh...

1. A metrology system, comprising:a radiation source configured to generate light;
an optical modulator configured to temporally separate a first polarization mode of the light from a second polarization mode of the light;
a reflector configured to direct the light towards a substrate;
an interferometer configured to receive light that has been diffracted from a pattern on the substrate, or reflected from the substrate, and to produce output light from the interference between the diffracted or reflected light; and
a detector configured to receive the output light from the interferometer, wherein the first polarization mode and the second polarization mode of the output light are temporally separated at the detector.

US Pat. No. 10,338,480

LITHOGRAPHY SYSTEM, SIMULATION APPARATUS, AND PATTERN FORMING METHOD

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. A simulation apparatus for a lithography system configured to form a pattern on a substrate,the simulation apparatus comprising:
a first processing part configured to calculate a value of a parameter in a first set that is calculated relating to the forming of the pattern, and a second processing part configured to calculate a value of a parameter in a second set that is at least partially same as the parameter in the first set and that is calculated relating to the forming of the pattern; and
an integration processing part configured to evaluate, on the basis of the value of the parameter in the first set and the value of the parameter in the second set, at least one of a state of the pattern formed on the substrate and a forming condition when the pattern is formed, and to determine on the basis of the result of the evaluation whether or not to make at least one of the first processing part and the second processing part recalculate the value of at least one of the parameters in the first set and the second set.

US Pat. No. 10,338,479

SPATIAL LIGHT MODULATOR, METHOD OF DRIVING SAME, AND EXPOSURE METHOD AND APPARATUS

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An exposure apparatus for exposing a substrate with exposure light via a projection optical system, comprising:a plurality of reflective optical elements provided on an object surface of the projection optical system and capable of being individually controlled;
a substrate stage which holds the substrate to move the substrate along a scanning direction; and
a controller configured to control the plurality of reflective optical elements and movement of the substrate stage,
wherein the controller is configured to
set a first reflective optical element among the plurality of reflective optical elements in a first state to illuminate a first position on the substrate with first exposure light of a first phase from the first reflective optical element of the first state via the projection optical system,
move the substrate stage in the scanning direction by a first distance, and
set a second reflective optical element among the plurality of reflective optical elements in a second state different from the first state to illuminate the first position on the substrate with second exposure light of a second phase from the second reflective optical element of the second state via the projection optical system, the second reflective optical element being separated from the first reflective optical element by a second distance which is obtained by multiplying the first distance by an inverse of a magnification of the projection optical system.

US Pat. No. 10,338,478

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML NETHERLANDS B.V., V...

1. A lithographic projection apparatus comprising:a projection system arranged to project a beam of radiation onto a substrate;
a liquid supply system configured to supply liquid to a space between the projection system and a movable table; and
a same detector configured to detect at least part of the liquid remaining on an object to produce a first output representing a first parameter about the liquid and configured to make a measurement to produce a second output separate from the first output, the second output representing a second parameter separate from the first parameter about the liquid.

US Pat. No. 10,338,477

LITHOGRAPHY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A lithography apparatus, comprising:a reticle having a first surface and a second surface opposite each other, and a pattern region formed on the first surface;
a reticle stage facing the second surface of the reticle, the reticle stage to chuck the reticle;
a first power source to provide a negative voltage to the first surface of the reticle so as to prevent adsorption of particles onto the reticle;
a conductor in physical contact with the reticle and to which a voltage is provided; and
a second power source to provide the voltage to the conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,338,476

REFLECTIVE OPTICAL ELEMENT

CARL ZEISS SMT GMBH, Obe...

1. A reflective optical element, comprising:an optically effective surface;
a substrate;
a reflection layer system; and
at least one porous outgassing layer, which at least intermittently releases particles adsorbed in the outgassing layer when the optically effective surface is irradiated by electromagnetic radiation, and which is arranged on a side of the reflection layer system facing the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,338,475

LIGHT SOURCE FOR LITHOGRAPHY EXPOSURE PROCESS

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. A lithography exposure system, comprising:a selection mechanism;
a plurality of nozzle assemblies coupled to the selection mechanism and each configured to eject a droplet of a target fuel;
a storage member configured to store the target fuel and having an outlet, wherein the selection mechanism is configured to selectively and fluidly connect the outlet with one of the plurality of nozzle assemblies to enable the target fuel to be supplied from the storage member via the outlet to the one of the plurality of nozzle assemblies that connected with the outlet; and
a laser generator configured to generate a laser pulse to hit the droplet.

US Pat. No. 10,338,473

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR FORMING A PATTERNED STRUCTURE ON A SUBSTRATE

1. Method for providing a patterned structure on a substrate, the method comprisingproviding a donor substrate arranged between a light source and an acceptor substrate, wherein the donor substrate comprises a donor material;
providing a mask arranged between the light source and the donor substrate, wherein the mask comprises a mask pattern for patterning light from the light source impinging the donor substrate, wherein the patterned light matches the patterned structure to be created, wherein the patterned light impinging the donor substrate causes the donor material to be released from the donor substrate and transfer to the acceptor substrate to form the patterned structure thereon; wherein
the patterned light is divided into a plurality of separate homogeneously sized beams simultaneously impinging the donor substrate for causing the donor material to be released from the donor substrate in the form of separate homogeneously sized droplets;
wherein the mask pattern comprises a plurality of pattern areas having different sizes corresponding to different sizes of areas of the patterned structure to be formed, wherein the light that is patterned by a pattern area of the plurality of pattern areas is divided into a plurality of separate homogeneously sized neighbouring beams which neighbouring beams form an interconnected area of the patterned structure on the acceptor substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,338,472

MARK FORMING METHOD AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. A mark forming method comprising:forming, on a substrate, a plurality of first patterns and a plurality of second patterns; applying a block copolymer on the substrate after the plurality of first patterns and the plurality of second patterns have been formed;
applying a self-assembly treatment to the block copolymer applied on the substrate;
forming a first mark having a first shape between adjacent patterns of the plurality of first patterns after the self-assembly treatment has been applied to the block copolymer; and
forming a second mark having a second shape different from the first shape between adjacent patterns of the plurality of second patterns after the self-assembly treatment has been applied to the block copolymer.

US Pat. No. 10,338,471

COMPOSITION FOR FORMING UNDERLAYER FILM FOR LITHOGRAPHY, UNDERLAYER FILM FOR LITHOGRAPHY AND PATTERN FORMING METHOD

Mitsubishi Gas Chemical C...

1. A composition for forming an underlayer film for lithography, comprising:a compound represented by the following formula (1) and 20 to 99% by mass of a solvent component (S),
wherein 27 to 100% by mass of the compound represented by the formula (1) is comprised in a component (A) other than the solvent component (S)

 in formula (1), each Ar1 independently represents a benzene structure or a naphthalene structure and each Ar2 independently represents a benzene structure, a naphthalene structure or a biphenyl structure, each Ra independently represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, an aryl group having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, or a group in which an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms is bonded to an aryl group having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, each of Rb, Rc, Rf and Rg independently represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms or an aryl group having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, each of Rd and Re independently represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, an aryl group having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms or a hydroxy group, wherein a position of a substituent on each of Ar1and Ar2 can be arbitrarily selected, p represents the number of cyanate group(s) bonded and is an integer of 1 to 3, q represents the number of Ra bonded and is 4?p when Ar1represents the benzene structure, 6?p when Ar1 represents the naphthalene structure, or 8?p when Ar1 represents the biphenyl structure, and t represents an integer of 1 to 50,
wherein component (A) further comprises an acid generating agent.

US Pat. No. 10,338,470

PHOTOSENSITIVE LAMINATE, TRANSFER MATERIAL, PATTERNED PHOTOSENSITIVE LAMINATE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, TOUCH PANEL, AND IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A photosensitive laminate, comprising:a support; and
a first resin layer, an interlayer, and a second resin layer which are laminated on the support in this order,
wherein at least one of the first resin layer or the second resin layer includes 20 mass % or greater of inorganic particles,
exposure sensitivity of the second resin layer is higher than that of the first resin layer,
the second resin layer contains a photopolymerization initiator and a polymerizable compound,
the first resin layer, the interlayer, and the second resin layer are soluble in an aqueous alkali developer solution,
the refractive index of the first resin layer is 1.60 to 1.78, and
the film thickness of the first resin layer is 55 nm to 100 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,338,469

PHOTOSENSITIVE RESIN COMPOSITION, LITHOGRAPHIC PRINTING PLATE PRECURSOR AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING LITHOGRAPHIC PRINTING PLATE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A photosensitive resin composition, comprising:a polymer compound having a constitutional unit represented by the following Formula A-1 as a constitutional unit A and at least one constitutional unit among constitutional units represented by the following Formulas B-1, B-2, B-4 and B-6 as a constitutional unit B in a main chain; and
an infrared absorbing material,

wherein in Formula A-1 and Formulas B-1, B-2, B-4 and B-6, R1 to R3 each independently represent a divalent linking group, Q represents a divalent structure including a sulfonamide group, n represents an integer of 0 or greater, R4, R5 and R7 each independently represent a single bond or a divalent linking group, and Y2 and Y5 each independently represent an aromatic hydrocarbon ring or an aliphatic hydrocarbon ring.

US Pat. No. 10,338,467

METHOD OF PRODUCING FILM

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A method of producing a film, comprising:a disposing step of disposing a photocurable composition on a substrate;
a mold contact step of bringing the photocurable composition and a mold into contact with each other;
a photoirradiation step of irradiating the photocurable composition with light to form a cured product; and
a mold release step of releasing the cured product and the mold from each other,
wherein the method further comprises an alignment step of aligning the mold and the substrate with each other between the mold contact step and the photoirradiation step,
wherein the photocurable composition contains at least a polymerizable compound serving as a component (A) and a photopolymerization initiator serving as a component (B),
wherein the polymerizable compound has a polymerization conversion ratio of 50% or more when exposed to light under conditions of an illuminance of 0.12 mW/cm2 and an exposure time of 11.0 seconds, and
wherein when the disposing step, the mold contact step, the alignment step, the photoirradiation step, and the mold release step are defined as one shot and the method comprises a plurality of shots, a required time from the mold release step in a shot of the plurality of shots to the alignment step in a next shot of the plurality of shots is 1.2 seconds or less.

US Pat. No. 10,338,466

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PLANARIZING A SUBSTRATE

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

8. A method of planarizing a substrate, the method comprising:receiving a substrate having micro-fabricated structures formed thereon, the micro-fabricated structures being positioned on an upper portion of the substrate, at least a portion of the micro-fabricated structures defining open spaces between each other;
depositing a filler layer of filler material on the substrate, the filler layer filling spaces between the micro-fabricated structures and covering at least a portion of the micro-fabricated structures, the filler layer resulting in a top surface that is non-planar in that top surface locations of the filler layer differ in z-height compared to each other by approximately 1-100 nanometers;
depositing a generator compound on the filler layer, the generator compound being a compound that generates a solubility-changing agent in response to receiving actinic radiation exposure;
projecting a pattern of actinic radiation onto the substrate, the pattern of actinic radiation being projected using a digital pixel-based projection system having an array of independently addressable projection points, the pattern of actinic radiation causing the generator compound to generate the solubility-changing agent such that a concentration of the solubility-changing agent generated at a given point location on the substrate is selectably controlled by an exposure intensity of actinic radiation at the given point location; and
causing the solubility-changing agent to diffuse into at least a portion of the filler layer such that the solubility-changing agent changes a solubility of a top portion of the filler layer,
wherein projecting the pattern of actinic radiation onto the substrate includes varying an amount of actinic radiation projected onto the substrate based on a z-height signature that spatially characterizes z-height values of the top surface of the filler layer across the substrate, and
wherein causing the solubility-changing agent to diffuse into at least a portion of the filler layer includes baking the substrate at a predetermined time and temperature to result in a predetermined acid diffusion distance into the filler layer.

US Pat. No. 10,338,462

AERIAL IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE

Nippon Telegraph and Tele...

1. An aerial image display device, comprising:a display device;
a first optical element on which light emitted from the display device is incident, the first optical element transmitting part of incident light and reflecting part of the incident light;
a second optical element on which the light emitted from the display device is incident, the second optical element reflecting the light which is emitted from the display device and passes through the first optical element toward a reflecting surface of the first optical element, and
a third optical element on which the light emitted from the display device is incident, the third optical element reflecting the light emitted from the display device toward a transmitting surface of the first optical element,
wherein the light which is emitted from the display device, reflected by the second optical element, and reflected by the reflecting surface of the first optical element forms a first virtual image corresponding to a first display image displayed on the display device,
wherein the light which is emitted from the display device and reflected by the third optical element forms a second virtual image corresponding to a second display image displayed on the display device, and
the second optical element is installed so that an optical path length until the light emitted from the display device is reflected is larger than an optical path length until the third optical element reflects the light emitted from the display device.

US Pat. No. 10,338,461

LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE AND RELATED LIGHT SOURCE SYSTEM

APPOTRONICS CORPORATION L...

1. A light emitting device, comprising:a first laser light source, for emitting first light;
a second laser light source, for emitting second light, wherein the wavelength of the second light is different from that of the first light;
a condenser lens, for collecting both the first light and the second light, wherein the first light from the first laser light source and the second light from the second laser light source directly enter and pass through the condenser lens and are focused by the condenser lens, wherein the first light is disposed surrounding and not overlapping the second light, and the first light and the second light are parallel to an optical axis of the condenser lens;
wherein the first light has a first maximum distance (L1) perpendicular from the optical axis in a first direction, the second light has a second maximum distance (L2) perpendicular from the optical axis in said first direction, and the condenser lens has a focal length (F), and wherein a ratio of arctan(L2/F) to arctan(L1/F) is less than or equal to 0.7.

US Pat. No. 10,338,460

PROJECTION APPARATUS

Compal Electronics, Inc.,...

1. A projection apparatus having a base and disposed on a bearing surface, the projection apparatus comprising:an image projection module, having a first optical axis and for forming a projection area on the bearing surface, wherein a projection of the first optical axis on a X-Z projection plane of the projection apparatus is perpendicular to a X-Y projection plane of the projection apparatus, and the projection area is formed on the X-Y projection plane;
a lens module, disposed on a side of the image projection module, wherein the lens module comprises N cameras, the N cameras each have a corresponding second optical axis and are for forming N shooting areas respectively, the N second optical axes are tilted to the first optical axis and have N angles with respect to the X-Z projection plane respectively, a Nth angle among the N angles is ??an, and the projection area is at least partially overlapped with the N shooting areas to form an overlapping area, wherein when the ??an corresponding to a Nth camera among the N cameras is 0 degree, a Nth shooting area corresponding to the Nth camera on the bearing surface is a rectangle having a long side and a wide side corresponding to the base, a length of the wide side of the Nth shooting area is Yacn, and a length of the long side of the Nth shooting area is 2Xacn; and
a light emitting module, comprising M light emitting components, wherein the M light emitting components each have a corresponding third optical axis and are for forming M sensing areas respectively, the first optical axis is located between the M sensing areas, wherein the projection area, the N shooting areas and the M sensing areas are at least partially overlapped with each other to form a rectangular shooting sensing area, the rectangular shooting sensing area has a long side and a wide side corresponding to the base, and a length of the wide side of the rectangular shooting sensing area is greater than or equal to Yacn.

US Pat. No. 10,338,459

LIGHT CONVERTER AND LIGHT SOURCE UNIT, AND PROJECTOR

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A light converter, comprising:a fluorescent body configured to receive excitation light,
wherein the fluorescent body includes:
a first surface;
a second surface opposite to the first surface; and
a side surface having a sloped shape extending from the first surface to the second surface;
a first light-collecting lens that comprises a first lens surface, wherein the first lens surface includes:
a first region which is in contact with the first surface of the fluorescent body; and
a second region which is a region of the first lens surface other than the first region, and
the first light-collecting lens is configured to direct the excitation light to the fluorescent body; and
a heat-dissipating member comprising:
a third region in contact with the second region of the first lens surface; and
a fourth region which is other than the third region which is in contact with the second region of the first lens surface and is in contact with the second surface of the fluorescent body and the side surface of the fluorescent body.

US Pat. No. 10,338,458

PROJECTOR-USE LUMINESCENT WHEEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR, AND PROJECTOR-USE LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

NIPPON ELECTRIC GLASS CO....

1. A method for manufacturing a luminescent wheel for a projector including a phosphor layer which has a first principal surface and a second principal surface located on an opposite side to the first principal surface and is capable of being excited by entry of excitation light to emit fluorescence, a first glass layer provided on the first principal surface of the phosphor layer so as to be in contact with the first principal surface, and a second glass layer provided on the second principal surface of the phosphor layer so as to be in contact with the second principal surface, the method comprising the steps of:producing a laminate in which a second green sheet to be the phosphor layer is laid on top of a first green sheet to be the first glass layer and a third green sheet to be the second glass layer is laid on top of the second green sheet; and
firing the laminate to form the first green sheet, the second green sheet, and the third green sheet into the first glass layer, the phosphor layer, and the second glass layer, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,338,457

ELECTRONIC DEVICE CASING AND PROJECTOR

Qisda Corporation, Taoyu...

1. An electronic device casing, comprising:a first casing member, having a first indentation; and
a second casing member, comprising a casing member body and a detachable part attached to the casing member body, the detachable part having a second indentation, the first casing member and the second casing member being engaged with each other to form an internal accommodating space and an exposed recess, the first indentation and the second indentation are oppositely disposed to form a component installation opening connected to the internal accommodating space at the exposed recess, the casing member body comprising a bottom wall, the detachable part and the bottom wall forming an air flow bypass passage between the exposed recess and the bottom wall, two ends of the air flow bypass passage being connected to the internal accommodating space, the two ends being located at two sides of the exposed recess.

US Pat. No. 10,338,456

DISPLAY APPARATUS WITH LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PROJECTING AN IMAGE ON A TRANSMISSIVE SCREEN

ORTUS TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a light source;
a liquid crystal display element which transmits light from the light source;
a screen which receives projection light from the liquid crystal display element, and is spherical in shape and transmissive:
a first polarizing plate which is provided between the light source and the liquid crystal display element, and in contact with the liquid crystal display element;
a second polarizing plate which is provided between the liquid crystal display element and the screen, and in contact with the liquid crystal display element;
a reflective polarizing plate which is provided between the light source and the first polarizing plate, and reflects a light component parallel to a reflection axis among the light from the light source; and
a first thermal conductive sheet which is provided between the reflective polarizing plate and the first polarizing plate, and in contact with the first polarizing plate, the first thermal conductive sheet comprising a circular opening so that the first thermal conductive sheet, except for the circular opening, blocks light passing through the reflective polarizing plate.

US Pat. No. 10,338,455

CAMERA AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLED DEW FORMATION INSIDE A CAMERA

Axis AB, Lund (SE)

1. A camera comprisingan at least partly transparent housing and an imaging device arranged inside the at least partly transparent housing,
wherein the imaging device is configured to capture images through the at least partly transparent housing;
the camera further comprising a casing at least partly enclosing the imaging device and arranged between the housing and the imaging device,
the casing defining at least one cavity forming an intermediate space being in fluid communication with an inner space present between the casing and the imaging device and an outer space present between the housing and the casing.

US Pat. No. 10,338,454

OPTICAL CLOCK GENERATOR

Zhengbiao Ouyang, Shenzh...

1. An optical clock generator, comprising:a nonlinear cavity unit, a cross-waveguide logic gate unit and a delayer unit; said optical clock generator is of a six-port optical crystal structure, and comprises of two reference-light-signal input ports, a feedback-signal input port, a system-signal and a feedback-signal output port and two idle ports; an output port of said cross-waveguide logic gate unit is connected with an input port of said nonlinear cavity unit, and a system-signal output port of said nonlinear cavity unit is connected with an input port of said delayer unit; and an output port of the delayer unit is connected with an input port of the cross-waveguide logic gate unit, a system-signal output port is connected with a two-branch waveguide, one port of the two-branch waveguide is used as said system-signal output port, and another port is used as said feedback-signal output port and connected to an input port of said delayer unit, said delayer unit performs time delay on an input signal and outputs the signal to the feedback-signal input port.

US Pat. No. 10,338,453

PHOTONIC CRYSTAL ALL-OPTICAL MULTISTEP-DELAY SELF-AND-TRANSFORMATION LOGIC GATE

Zhengbaio Ouyang, Shenzh...

1. A photonic crystal (PhC) all-optical multistep-delay self-AND-transformation logic gate, comprising:a PhC structure unit, an optical switch unit, a memory or delayer, a wave absorbing load, a D-type flip-flop unit and a NOT logic gate; a logic-signal (X) is connected with an input port of a two-branch waveguide, and two output ports of the two-branch waveguide are respectively connected with a memory input port and a logic-signal input port of said optical switch unit; an output port of said memory is connected with a delay-signal input port of the optical switch unit; two intermediate-signal output ports of said optical switch unit are respectively connected with an intermediate-signal input port of said PhC structure unit and said wave absorbing load; a clock-signal (CP) is connected with an input port of a three-branch waveguide, and three output ports of a three-branch waveguide are respectively connected with a NOT logic gate input port, a first clock-signal input port of said PhC structure unit, and a second clock-signal input port of said optical switch unit;
a NOT logic gate output port is connected with a third clock-signal input port of said D-type flip-flop unit; a signal output port of said PhC structure unit is connected with a D-signal input port of said D-type unit.

US Pat. No. 10,338,452

ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVELENGTH CONVERSION DEVICE

Transcend Lighting Inc., ...

1. A device to convert electromagnetic waves of a first wavelength to electromagnetic waves of a second wavelength, the device comprising:a light source configured to produce first electromagnetic waves, wherein the first electromagnetic waves have the first wavelength;
a reflector, wherein the reflector includes a first end and a second end, the first end is disposed around the light source, and the reflector is configured to reflect and direct the first electromagnetic waves towards the second end;
a wavelength conversion component with a first side and a second side, the first side of the wavelength conversion component disposed at, and in contact with, the second end of the reflector, the wavelength conversion component in combination with the reflector, effective to form an optical cavity for the light source, the wavelength conversion component consisting of a wavelength conversion material adhered to a transparent material, wherein upon the first electromagnetic waves being incident upon the wavelength conversion component, the wavelength conversion material is configured to:
absorb the first electromagnetic waves;
enter into an excited state; and
release energy from the excited state by emitting second electromagnetic waves,
wherein the second electromagnetic waves have the second wavelength, different from the first wavelength;
a fixture housing disposed around the light source, the wavelength conversion component, and the reflector; and
a retaining component, wherein the retaining component is configured to be attachable to, and removable from, the fixture housing, and is effective to be in contact with the second side of the wavelength conversion component to secure the wavelength conversion component to the fixture housing at the second end of the reflector.

US Pat. No. 10,338,450

ELECTROCHROMIC ELEMENT UNIT, DIMMING WINDOW, AND IMAGING DEVICE

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An electrochromic element unit comprising:an electrochromic element having a pair of electrodes and an electrochromic layer disposed between the pair of electrodes;
a driver unit; and
an operation unit connected to the electrochromic element via the driver unit,
wherein the driver unit receives information from the operation unit and controls a transmittance of the electrochromic element,
wherein the operation unit performs a first type operation and a second type operation, and
wherein change in the transmittance of the electrochromic element by the second type operation is different from change in the transmittance of the electrochromic element by the first type operation.

US Pat. No. 10,338,449

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display apparatus comprising:a substrate;
a pixel electrode above the substrate;
a first low reflection layer spaced apart from the pixel electrode at a same layer as the pixel electrode and comprising a lower layer having conductivity and an upper layer above the lower layer;
a pixel-defining layer above the first low reflection layer and having an opening exposing at least a part of the pixel electrode;
an intermediate layer above the pixel electrode and comprising an organic emission layer; and
an opposite electrode above the intermediate layer,
a low reflection etching layer between an edge of the pixel electrode and the pixel-defining layer.

US Pat. No. 10,338,448

TRANSPARENT STRUCTURE WITH CONTROLLABLE LIGHTING

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A configurable transparent structure comprising:a light-emitting layer having a transparent media and light-emitting elements that are located in the transparent media, wherein the light-emitting elements emit light in an active state, the light-emitting elements do not emit light in an inactive state, and the light-emitting layer appears substantially transparent when the light-emitting elements are in the inactive state; and
a switchable mirror layer that is located on a first side of the light-emitting layer, is transparent in a first state, and reflects light toward a second side of the light-emitting layer in a second state.

US Pat. No. 10,338,447

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a transistor comprising:
a gate electrode;
a gate insulating film over the gate electrode;
a first semiconductor film over the gate insulating film;
a second semiconductor film over and overlapping with the first semiconductor film;
a third semiconductor film over and overlapping with the second semiconductor film, the third semiconductor film containing phosphorus; and
a first conductive film over and overlapping with the third semiconductor film,
an insulating film over the first conductive film;
a first electrode electrically connected to the transistor;
a second electrode including a region overlapping with the first electrode with the insulating film therebetween; and
a liquid crystal over the first electrode and the second electrode,
wherein an alignment of the liquid crystal is controlled by an electric field between the first electrode and the second electrode,
wherein the first conductive film functions as a source wiring or a drain wiring,
wherein an end portion of the third semiconductor film is located outside an end portion of the first conductive film,
wherein an end portion of the second semiconductor film is located outside the end portion of the first conductive film and the end portion of the third semiconductor film,
wherein the second semiconductor film includes a first region and a second region,
wherein the first region does not overlap with the gate electrode and is in contact with the third semiconductor film,
wherein the second region does not overlap with the gate electrode and a top surface of the second region is in contact with the insulating film, and
wherein a thickness of the first region is larger than a thickness of the second region.

US Pat. No. 10,338,446

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE HAVING LOW RESISTANCE SOURCE AND DRAIN REGIONS

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A display device comprising:a display portion including a plurality of scanning signal lines formed on an insulating substrate, a plurality of data signal lines crossing each of the scanning signal lines, and a plurality of pixel formation portions disposed in a matrix so as to correspond to intersections of the scanning signal lines and the data signal lines;
a scanning signal line driver circuit configured to sequentially activate and thereby select the scanning signal lines; and
a data signal line driver circuit configured to apply a voltage to the data signal lines in accordance with image data, wherein,
each of the pixel formation portions formed in the display portion includes:
a semiconductor device comprising:
a semiconductor layer formed on an insulating substrate;
a gate insulating film having tapering side surfaces and formed on the semiconductor layer;
a gate electrode having tapering side surfaces and formed on the gate insulating film;
a source region and a drain region formed in the semiconductor layer on opposite sides with respect to the gate electrode;
a silicon nitride film formed on the source region and the drain region of the semiconductor layer; and
a source electrode layer and a drain electrode layer respectively in ohmic contact with the source region and the drain region, wherein,
the source region and the drain region are low-resistance regions formed through reduction caused by hydrogen contained in the silicon nitride film, and
the low-resistance region has a portion with a first length ranging from a first position on the semiconductor layer corresponding to an end of the gate insulating film to a region below the gate electrode, the first length being substantially equal to a second length ranging from the first position to a second position on the semiconductor layer corresponding to an end of the gate electrode; and
a pixel capacitor configured to hold the image data provided via the data signal line by the semiconductor device being switched between on and off states, and
the pixel capacitor is formed above the semiconductor device and includes a first electrode connected to the data signal line via the semiconductor device, a second electrode disposed opposite the first electrode, and an insulating layer sandwiched between the first electrode and the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,338,445

PIXEL DRIVING STRUCTURE AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A pixel driving structure, comprising:a plurality of sub pixels arranged in array, and each column of sub pixels being sequentially and repeatedly aligned in an order of a red sub pixel, a green sub pixel and a blue sub pixel;
scan lines extending horizontally and corresponding to all rows of sub pixels; in being set to be a positive integer, and a mth scan line being correspondingly set above a mth row of sub pixels;
data lines extending vertically and corresponding to all columns of sub pixels; n being set to be a positive integer, and a nth data line being correspondingly set at left of a nth column of sub pixels;
and TFTs being set corresponding to all sub pixels; a nth column of TFTs being arranged at positions where the nth column of sub pixels is close to the nth data line; a gate of TFT of the mth row, the nth column being electrically coupled to the mth scan line, and a drain being electrically coupled to the nth data line, and a source being electrically coupled to a sub pixel of the mth row, the nth column;
in the nth column of sub pixels, four sub pixels, which are adjacent vertically in the upper and the lower being a pixel group, and the nth data line setting a signal period to define polarities of respective sub pixels in the pixel group to make polarity inversion occur at a edge of the two adjacent pixel groups in the upper and the lower, and polarities of two adjacent columns of sub pixels being opposite to achieve display effect similar to a dot inversion,
wherein in the nth column of sub pixels, the four sub pixels, which are adjacent vertically in the upper and the lower being a pixel group; in the two adjacent pixel groups in the upper and the lower, in the signal period corresponded with the pixel group in the upper, the nth data line defines the first three sub pixels in the pixel group to have a positive polarity or a negative polarity, and defines the last one sub pixel in the pixel group to have an opposite polarity of the polarity of the first three sub pixels; in the signal period corresponded with the pixel group in the lower, the nth data line defines the first three sub pixels in the pixel group to have a negative polarity or a positive polarity, and defines the last one sub pixel in the pixel group to have an opposite polarity of the polarity of the first three sub pixels to prevent poor charging rate of a sub pixel of one certain color in the red sub pixel, the green sub pixel and the blue sub pixel due to that one certain color brightness is too low.

US Pat. No. 10,338,444

ARRAY SUBSTRATE WITH CONDUCTIVE BLACK MATRIX, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display device comprising an array substrate, the array substrate comprising a base substrate, and a color filter layer, a common electrode and a black matrix disposed on the base substrate, wherein the black matrix is capable of conducting electricity, and the black matrix is electrically connected with the common electrode;wherein the display device further comprises an opposing substrate opposite to the array substrate, and the opposing substrate comprises a transparent substrate and a spacer located on a surface of the transparent substrate facing to the array substrate, wherein the spacer is configured to support the opposing substrate to retain a gap between the array substrate and the opposing substrate,
wherein the black matrix is closer to the base substrate than the common electrode, and the black matrix comprises a conductive sub-layer and a light absorbing sub-layer,
wherein the light absorbing sub-layer is closer to the base substrate than the conductive sub-layer, and an electricity conducting property of the light absorbing sub-layer is less than that of the conductive sub-layer, and
wherein a material of the conductive sub-layer comprises molybdenum, silver, aluminum-neodymium alloy or molybdenum-titanium alloy, and a material of the light absorbing sub-layer comprises molybdenum-tantalum alloy oxide, molybdenum-titanium alloy oxide, molybdenum-tantalum alloy nitride, or molybdenum-titanium alloy nitride.

US Pat. No. 10,338,443

AMORPHOUS SILICON THIN FILM TRANSISTOR-LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A substrate for a display device, comprising:a base substrate including a display region and a driving circuit region;
a plurality of switching transistors disposed in the display region;
a plurality of driving transistors disposed in the driving circuit region;
a protection layer disposed on the base substrate to cover the switching transistors and the driving transistors;
an electrode pattern disposed on the protection layer, the electrode pattern including a pixel electrode electrically connected to one of the switching transistors, and a connecting electrode electrically connecting two of the driving transistors; and
main signal lines for applying signals to the driving transistors,
wherein the main signal lines comprise a first power source line and a first sub power source line,
wherein a first voltage is applied to the first power source line,
wherein a first sub voltage different from the first voltage is applied to the first sub power source line,
wherein the driving transistors are spaced apart from the first power source line and first sub power source line in a plan view.

US Pat. No. 10,338,442

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL STRUCTURE

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A liquid crystal display panel structure, comprising a plurality of scanning lines extending laterally and lining up longitudinally with order, a plurality of data lines extending longitudinally and lining up laterally with order, and a plurality of sub-pixels arranged in an array; the plurality of sub-pixels arranged in an array comprising a plurality of red sub-pixels, a plurality of green sub-pixels, and a plurality of blue sub-pixels;a red sub-pixel, a green sub-pixel, and a blue sub-pixel constitute a pixel, the red sub-pixel, the green sub-pixel, and a blue sub-pixel of the pixel distributed in two rows of adjacent sub-pixels,
wherein the sub-pixels of every 3 rows and 6 columns are a structural unit and in the structural unit, each sub-pixel row comprises the sub-pixels of only two colors, and the sub-pixels of two adjacent sub-pixels rows only comprise the sub-pixels of one color in common, and
wherein the two colors of the sub-pixels of a first one of two adjacent sub-pixel rows includes a first one and a second one of the three colors of red, green, and blue and the two colors of the sub-pixels of a second one of the two adjacent sub-pixel rows include a second one and a third one of the three colors of red, green, and blue, the second color being common to both the first and second sub-pixel rows, the first color of the first sub-pixel row being different from the third color of the second sub-pixel-row.

US Pat. No. 10,338,441

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device comprising:a first polarizing element;
a second polarizing element; and
a display panel comprising a light-modulating layer located between the first polarizing element and the second polarizing element, wherein
each of the first polarizing element and the second polarizing element comprises a guest-host liquid crystal layer and a control electrode in an active area including at least one sub-area,
the guest-host liquid crystal layer includes dye having anisotropy in absorptive power for visible light,
the control electrode controls an alignment direction of the dye in the sub-area,
the display device has a display mode in which a first axis of the dye of the first polarizing element and a second axis of the dye of the second polarizing element intersect each other in a main surface of the display device, and a transmittance mode in which the first axis and the second axis are parallel to each other and intersect the main surface,
the display panel comprises a first pixel having a first retardation and a second pixel having a second retardation different from the first retardation,
in the display mode, a first transmittance of light transmitted through the first pixel is smaller than a second transmittance of light transmitted through the second pixel, and
in the transmittance mode, a third transmittance of light transmitted through the first pixel is higher than the second transmittance and equivalent to a fourth transmittance of light transmitted through the second pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,338,440

TFT SUBSTRATE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

6. A manufacturing method of thin film transistor (TFT) substrate, comprising:Step 1: providing a base substrate, using a first mask process and a second mask process to form a TFT layer on the base substrate, and covering the TFT layer with a passivation layer;
Step 2: forming a photo-resist layer on the passivation layer, using a third mask process for patternizing the photo-resist layer, removing all the photo-resist layer at the area to be pixel electrode via, thinning the photo-resist layer at the areas to be pixel electrode;
Step 3: using the remaining photo-resist layer as a shield to etch the passivation layer to form a pixel electrode via penetrating the passivation layer and exposing the TFT layer;
Step 4: performing an overall thinning processing on the remaining photo-resist layer to remove the photo-resist layer at the areas to be pixel electrode;
Step 5: forming a pixel electrode thin film on the remaining photo-resist layer and the passivation layer, using a lift-off process to lift off the remaining photo-resist layer and the pixel electrode thin film on the remaining photo-resist layer to form a pixel electrode;
wherein the pixel electrode comprises a main electrode, and a connection electrode connected to the main electrode; the connection electrode being electrically connected to the TFT layer through the pixel electrode via; the main electrode having a cross-like slit structure with branch electrodes defining the slits therebetween on four trunks of the cross, and the connection electrode comprising a plurality of first branch electrodes of stripe shape arranged with intervals and in parallel, and a second branch electrode connected to the plurality of first branch electrodes;
wherein the plurality of first branch electrodes and the second branch electrode of the connection electrode electrically connects the main electrode of the pixel electrode to the TFT.

US Pat. No. 10,338,439

TOUCH DETECTION USING COMMON ELECTRODES OF DISPLAY DEVICE

PARADE TECHNOLOGIES, LTD....

1. A method of detecting touch events using a display pixel array, comprising:a processing device coupled to the display pixel array including a plurality of display pixels, a plurality of display electrodes and a plurality of common electrodes, wherein each display pixel is disposed between a display electrode and a common electrode, and in a touch sensing state:
electrically coupling a first subset of the plurality of common electrodes to a capacitance sense circuit for touch detection;
driving the first subset of common electrodes with an integration voltage that varies by a first voltage variation at a predetermined slew rate;
driving a first subset of display electrodes corresponding to the first subset of common electrodes in a synchronous manner with the first subset of common electrodes, thereby reducing an impact of parasitic capacitance associated with the first subset of common electrodes, wherein each of the first subset of display electrodes is driven with an adjusted display voltage that varies by the first voltage variation at the predetermined slew rate; and
while driving the first subset of common electrodes and the first subset of display electrodes, measuring a capacitive sense signal associated with the first subset of common electrodes at an output of the capacitance sense circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,338,438

ARRAY SUBSTRATE HAVING PARTIALLY OXIDIZED SOURCE ELECTRODE, DRAIN ELECTRODE AND DATA LINE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An array substrate comprising:an underlay substrate;
a source electrode, a drain electrode and a data line arranged in the same layer on the underlay substrate;
a pixel electrode arranged in the same layer of the source electrode, the drain electrode and the data line;
an oxide film converted from a surface portion of the source electrode, the drain electrode and the data line by partially oxidizing the source electrode, the drain electrode and the data line with an annealing treatment;
a first via hole arranged over the drain electrode and penetrating through the oxide film;
a connecting portion electrically connecting the drain electrode with the pixel electrode through the first via hole;
a passivation layer extending over the drain electrode; the pixel electrode being arranged at a top of the passivation layer; and
a common electrode arranged at a bottom of the passivation layer and opposite to the pixel electrode; and
wherein patterns of the common electrode and the drain electrode do not overlap; the connecting portion and the pixel electrode are arranged in the same layer, and the first via hole also penetrates through the passivation layer.

US Pat. No. 10,338,437

DISPLAY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device comprising:a substrate;
a thin film transistor on the substrate;
a pixel electrode on the substrate and connected to the thin film transistor;
a common electrode which is on the pixel electrode and extends towards the substrate to define a plurality of spaces between the common and pixel electrodes in which liquid crystal is disposed, wherein the plurality of spaces are separated from each other by the extended common electrode;
a roof layer disposed on the common electrode and comprising a transparent organic material;
an overcoat which is disposed on the roof layer, and comprising an organic material;
a first protruding portion protruded from a lower surface of the roof layer toward the substrate; and
a second protruding portion protruded from an upper surface of the roof layer toward the overcoat,
wherein the second protruding portion is disposed between a first portion of the overcoat disposed on a space of the plurality of spaces and a second portion of the overcoat disposed on another space of the plurality of spaces.

US Pat. No. 10,338,436

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING CURVED LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND CURVED LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A method of manufacturing a curved liquid crystal display device, the method comprising:forming a polyimide alignment layer by disposing an alignment solution on one of a first substrate and a second substrate opposing to each other;
disposing a reactive mesogen between the first substrate and the second substrate;
disposing a liquid crystal compound between the first substrate and the second substrate;
forming an electric field between the first substrate and the second substrate;
irradiating first ultraviolet rays at the reactive mesogen; and
forming an alignment layer comprising the reactive mesogen polymerized by the first ultraviolet rays on one of the first substrate and the second substrate, on which the polyimide alignment layer is not formed.

US Pat. No. 10,338,435

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING UPPER AND LOWER ALIGNMENT LAYERS

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A curved liquid crystal display comprising:a first insulation substrate;
a pixel electrode disposed on the first insulation substrate;
a first alignment layer disposed on the pixel electrode;
a second insulation substrate facing the first insulation substrate;
a common electrode disposed on a surface of the second insulation substrate, the surface of the second insulation substrate facing the first insulation substrate;
a second alignment layer disposed on a surface of the common electrode, the surface of the common electrode facing the first insulation substrate; and
a liquid crystal layer disposed between the first alignment layer and the second alignment layer, wherein the liquid crystal layer includes liquid crystal molecules,
wherein liquid crystal molecules adjacent to at least one of the first alignment layer and the second alignment layer have a pre-tilt angle,
the first alignment layer comprises at least one of a group of photo-reactive groups or photo-reactive derivatives, including at least one of a benzophenone group, an acetophenone group, a benzoin ether group, and a benzyl group,
the first alignment layer includes an alignment polymer, wherein a reactive mesogen (RM) and the photo-reactive group or the photo-reactive derivative, are coupled to the alignment polymer,
the second alignment layer comprises at least one of a group of ion inductors including at least one of a pyridine group, a pyrimidine group, an indole group, a furan group, and a quinoline group,
the first alignment layer and the second alignment layer comprise different materials from each other,
the first alignment layer and the second alignment layer attract ion impurities having a same polarity included in the liquid crystal layer, and
the liquid crystal molecules in the liquid crystal layer are inclined in four different directions when in the presence of an electric field.

US Pat. No. 10,338,434

BACK-LIGHT MODULE WITH INTERASSEMBLED SET OF FRAMES AND HEIGHT ADJUSTABLE BACK FRAME FORMING LIGHT-MIXING CHAMBER

HONG FU JIN PRECISION IND...

1. A back-light module comprising:a backboard comprising a substrate, a plurality of frame units and a lighting module, wherein each frame unit comprises four lateral ribs, each two adjacent lateral ribs perpendicularly connected with each other, the frame units are stacked and detachably assembled to each other form a height adjustable back frame, and the height adjustable back frame being assembled with the substrate to form a light-mixing chamber, a height of the light-mixing chamber is able to be changeable according to an amount of the frame units; and the substrate comprises a fixing surface, the fixing surface is a bottom surface of the light-mixing chamber, and the lighting module is fixed on the fixing surface of the substrate and located in the light-mixing chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,338,433

LIGHT-EMITTING APPARATUS AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A light-emitting apparatus comprising:a light-source unit configured to emit light of a first color;
a sheet member containing a conversion member configured to emit light of the first color and light of a second color that is different from the first color, according to incidence of the light emitted from the light-source unit;
a bottom-surface member;
a side-surface member; and
an upper-surface member, wherein
the sheet member emits the light of the second color by a light amount corresponding to a length of a path where the incident light of the first color passes through the sheet member,
a space including the light-source unit and the conversion member is formed by the bottom-surface member, the side-surface member, and the upper-surface member, and
a first opening connecting an inside and an outside of the space to each other is provided at a position, on the upper-surface member, which does not face the light-source unit.

US Pat. No. 10,338,432

DISPLAY DEVICE

INNOLUX CORPORATION, Mia...

1. A display device, comprising:a backlight structure;
a first liquid-crystal layer disposed on the backlight structure;
a second liquid-crystal layer disposed on the first liquid-crystal layer;
a plurality of polarized layers located between the backlight structure and the first liquid-crystal layer, between the first liquid-crystal layer and the second liquid-crystal layer, and on the second liquid-crystal layer;
a plurality of condensation light-emitting elements disposed under the backlight structure; and
a plurality of diffusion light-emitting elements disposed under the backlight structure;
wherein the plurality of polarized layers have an extinction ratio, and the extinction ratio is in a range from 5000 to 50000;
wherein the display device comprises at least one curved section and at least one flat section, the plurality of condensation light-emitting elements are disposed in the curved section, and the plurality of diffusion light-emitting elements are disposed in the flat section.

US Pat. No. 10,338,431

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY APPARATUS

NITTO DENKO CORPORATION, ...

1. A liquid crystal display apparatus, comprising:a liquid crystal cell;
a first polarizer arranged on a back surface side of the liquid crystal cell;
a second polarizer arranged on a viewer side of the liquid crystal cell;
a cover sheet arranged directly on a viewer side of the second polarizer, the cover sheet having a transmission portion at a position corresponding to a display region of the liquid crystal cell;
a first optical compensation layer arranged on a viewer side of the cover sheet to cover the transmission portion, the first optical compensation layer having an Re(550) of from 100 nm to 180 nm; and
a third polarizer arranged on a viewer side of the first optical compensation layer,
wherein an angle formed by a slow axis direction of the first optical compensation layer and an absorption axis direction of the third polarizer is from 35° to 55° or from 125° to 145°, and
wherein the cover sheet only partially overlaps with the second polarizer.

US Pat. No. 10,338,430

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY APPARATUS

NITTO DENKO CORPORATION, ...

1. A liquid crystal display apparatus, comprising:a liquid crystal cell;
a first polarizer arranged on a back surface side of the liquid crystal cell;
a second polarizer arranged on a viewer side of the liquid crystal cell;
a cover sheet arranged directly on a viewer side of the second polarizer, the cover sheet having an opening portion at a position corresponding to a display region of the liquid crystal cell; and
a third polarizer arranged on a viewer side of the cover sheet to cover the opening portion,
wherein the opening portion of the cover sheet is filled with a pressure-sensitive adhesive, and
wherein the cover sheet only partially overlaps with the second polarizer.

US Pat. No. 10,338,429

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING QUANTUM DOT COLOR FILTER

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A method for manufacturing a quantum dot color filter, comprising the following steps:(1) providing a base plate, defining a plurality of first pixel zones, a plurality of second pixel zones, and a plurality of third pixel zones on the base plate, and coating a curable transparent photoresist material on the base plate to form transparent photoresist layer; and providing ultraviolet (UV) light to irradiate the transparent photoresist layer to partially cure and exhibit a partially-cured condition;
(2) providing a first source base plate and forming a first quantum dot layer in the form of a single layer on the first source base plate through self-assembly, such that the first quantum dot layer is made up of a plurality of first quantum dots that are uniformly arranged on the first source base plate as a single layer;
(3) providing a first transfer-printing mold, wherein the first transfer-printing mold is provided with a first transfer-printing pattern that corresponds to a pattern of the first pixel zones and applying the first transfer-printing mold having the first transfer-printing pattern to pick up the first quantum dots from the first source base plate to be transfer-printed to first portions of the transparent photoresist layer that respectively correspond to the plurality of first pixel zones of the base plate in such a way that a predetermined pressure is applied during transfer-printing to have the first quantum dots transfer-printed to the partially cured transparent photoresist layer and uniformly arranged in the transparent photoresist layer to form first quantum dot patterns;
(4) providing a second source base plate and forming a second quantum dot layer in the form of a single layer on the second source base plate through self-assembly, such that the second quantum dot layer is made up of a plurality of second quantum dots that are uniformly arranged on the second source base plate as a single layer;
(5) providing a second transfer-printing mold, wherein the second transfer-printing mold is provided with a second transfer-printing pattern that corresponds to a pattern of the second pixel zones and applying the second transfer-printing mold having the second transfer-printing pattern to pick up the second quantum dots from the second source base plate to be transfer-printed to second portions of the transparent photoresist layer that respectively correspond to the plurality of second pixel zones of the base plate in such a way that a predetermined pressure is applied during transfer-printing to have the second quantum dots transfer-printed to the partially cured transparent photoresist layer and uniformly arranged in the transparent photoresist layer to form second quantum dot patterns;
(6) providing a third source base plate and forming a third quantum dot layer in the form of a single layer on the third source base plate through self-assembly, such that the third quantum dot layer is made up of a plurality of third quantum dots that are uniformly arranged on the third source base plate as a single layer;
(7) providing a third transfer-printing mold, wherein the third transfer-printing mold is provided with a third transfer-printing pattern that corresponds to a pattern of the third pixel zones and applying the third transfer-printing mold having the third transfer-printing pattern to pick up the third quantum dots from the third source base plate to be transfer-printed to third portions of the transparent photoresist layer that respectively correspond to the plurality of third pixel zones of the base plate in such a way that a predetermined pressure is applied during transfer-printing to have the third quantum dots transfer-printed to the partially cured transparent photoresist layer and uniformly arranged in the transparent photoresist layer to form third quantum dot patterns;
wherein after steps (2)-(7), a plurality of first quantum dot patterns, a plurality of second quantum dot patterns, and a plurality of third quantum dot patterns are formed in the transparent photoresist layer; and
(8) irradiating the transparent photoresist layer with ultraviolet (UV) light to be completely cured so that the first, second, and third quantum dot patterns are fixed in the transparent photoresist layer, and the completely cured transparent photoresist layer and the first, second, and third quantum dot patterns fixed therein collectively form a quantum dot color filter.

US Pat. No. 10,338,428

QUANTUM DOT DISPLAY APPARATUS AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A manufacturing method of a quantum dot display apparatus, comprising the following steps:Step 1: a lower substrate is provided, and a black matrix is formed on the lower substrate;
Step 2: a quantum dot resin composition is coated on the lower substrate between the black matrix, pre-baking the lower substrate coated with the quantum dot resin composition to remove an organic solvent in the quantum dot resin composition;
Step 3: a red photoresist is applied on the quantum dot resin composition and the black matrix, excess red photoresist and excess quantum dot resin composition are removed by prebaking, exposing, and developing processes to bake and form a red sub-pixel region comprising a red photoresist layer and a first quantum dot resin composition layer disposed below the red photoresist layer;
Step 4: the quantum dot resin composition is further coated between the black matrix on the lower substrate, pre-baking the lower substrate coated with the quantum dot resin composition to remove the organic solvent in the quantum dot resin composition;
Step 5: a green photoresist is applied on the quantum dot resin composition and the black matrix, excess green photoresist and excess quantum dot resin composition are removed by prebaking, exposing, and developing processes to bake and form a green sub-pixel region comprising a green photoresist layer and a second quantum dot resin composition layer disposed below the green photoresist layer;
Step 6: a transparent organic photoresist is coated on the lower substrate and the black matrix to form a blue sub-pixel region, thus forming a color filter layer;
Step 7: a rear polarizing layer is set on the color filter layer, a lower alignment layer is formed on the polarizing layer, to finish the formation of a color filter substrate; and
Step 8: an array substrate is provided, and the color filter substrate and the array substrate are paired, a liquid crystal is filled to form a liquid crystal layer, a blue light backlight module is disposed in a bottom of the color filter substrate to produce the quantum dot display apparatus;
wherein in the steps 2 and 4, the quantum dot resin composition comprising surface modified red quantum dots, surface modified green quantum dots, alkali-soluble resins, solvents and dispersants;
wherein the material of the surface modified red quantum dots, surface modified green quantum dots comprising one or more than one material selected from the material of the II-VI family of semiconductor nano-materials, III-V family of semiconductor nano-materials, and IV-VI family of semiconductor nano-materials;
the alkali-soluble resin comprising styrene-maleic anhydride copolymer or aromatic acid (meth) acrylate half ester;
the solvent comprising one or more than one material selected from the material of formic acid, acetic acid, chloroform, acetone, butanone, fatty alcohols, ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, diethylene glycol diethyl ether, ethyl acetate, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone, ethylene glycol monomethyl ether, ?-butyrolactone, 3-ether acetate propionate, butyl carbitol, butyl carbitol, acetate, propylene glycol monomethyl ether, propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, cyclohexane, xylene, and isopropyl alcohol; and
the dispersant may be selected from amide-based polymer, modified polyurethane, modified polyacrylate, and silicone surfactant.

US Pat. No. 10,338,427

DISPLAY DEVICE

FUNAI ELECTRIC CO., LTD.,...

1. A display device comprising:a light source that emits light;
a display panel that displays image; and
an optical sheet that transmits the light directed to the display panel,
the optical sheet including a first optical sheet having a latching component, and at least one second optical sheet at least partially contacting with the first optical sheet,
the at least one second optical sheet being sandwiched between the latching component and a specific portion of the first optical sheet other than the latching component,
the latching component having a free distal end and a proximal end that is connected to the specific portion of the first optical sheet and about which the latching component is bendable, and
the latching component pressing the at least one second optical sheet against the specific portion of the first optical sheet by a restoring force that acts on the latching component around the proximal end while the at least one second optical sheet is sandwiched between the latching component and the specific portion of the first optical sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,338,426

LIGHT DIFFUSION MEMBER, BASE MATERIAL FOR LIGHT DIFFUSION MEMBER PRODUCTION, DISPLAY DEVICE USING SAME AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING LIGHT DIFFUSION MEMBER

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A light diffusion member comprising:a light diffusion film;
a polarizing film; and
a retardation film, wherein
the light diffusion film includes:
a first substrate which has optical transparency,
a light diffusion portion which is provided on a first surface of the first substrate, and
light shielding layers which are provided in a region of the first surface of the first substrate, other than a region in which the light diffusion portion is provided,
the light diffusion portion includes:
a light-emitting end surface which is in contact with the first substrate, and
a light incident end surface which faces the light-emitting end surface and has an area larger than an area of the light-emitting end surface,
a height from the light incident end surface to the light-emitting end surface is larger than a thickness of the light shielding layers,
each of the light shielding layers has a long axis and a short axis, and the long axis is in a first direction,
the polarizing film includes:
a second substrate which has optical transparency and is disposed on the light incident end surface side of the light diffusion portion, and
a polarization layer which has a transmission axis and an absorption axis which are provided on a first surface of the second substrate,
the transmission axis and the absorption axis of the polarization layer are orthogonal to each other, and the absorption axis is in the first direction,
the retardation film includes:
a third substrate which has optical transparency and is disposed on an opposite side of a side of the polarizing film, on which the light diffusion film is disposed, and
a retardation layer which is defined by a birefringence body which has optically-negative uniaxiality and is provided on the first surface of the third substrate, and in which an alignment direction of the birefringence body is different in a thickness direction, and
a slow axis of the retardation layer is positioned at azimuth between the transmission axis and the absorption axis of the polarization layer.

US Pat. No. 10,338,425

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND ITS DISPLAY PANEL

HUIZHOU CHINA STAR OPTOEL...

1. A display panel comprising a first substrate, a second substrate, a polymer dispersed liquid crystal layer and a plurality of gridwall structures, wherein the first substrate and the second substrate are disposed opposite to each other, the polymer dispersed liquid crystal layer, the plurality of gridwall structures are disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate; the plurality of gridwall structures are spaced apart from each other in the polymer dispersed liquid crystal layer, and each of the gridwall structures comprises a transparent gridwall and a film structure covering a surface of the transparent gridwall; the film structure sequentially comprises a first to Nth film layers in a direction away from the transparent gridwall; the refractivity of any two adjacent film layers of the first to the Nth film layers are different, and the reflectivity of one surface of the film structure facing the transparent gridwall is higher than the reflectivity of one surface of the film structure facing away from the transparent gridwall.

US Pat. No. 10,338,423

DISPLAY DEVICE

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A display device comprising:a frame;
a display panel;
a backlight unit coupled to the frame and positioned at a rear of the display panel, wherein the backlight unit is configured to provide the display panel with light;
a side frame coupled to the frame; and
a light guide module positioned between the display panel and the side frame and comprising an outer side surface positioned to face an exterior of the display device and a shielding layer covering the outer side surface,
wherein the light guide module extends along the side frame and a gap is defined between a portion of the light guide module and the display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,338,422

IRREGULAR SHAPE DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING HOLE

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. An irregular shape display, comprising:a liquid crystal panel displaying an image;
a backlight unit having an optical sheet, and located at a lower portion of the liquid crystal panel;
a lower cover configured to accommodate the liquid crystal panel and the backlight unit, wherein each of the liquid crystal panel, the optical sheet, and lower cover has at least one hole in a predetermined region for coupling the liquid crystal panel, the optical sheet and the lower cover together; and
a guide member configured to fit into the at least one hole of each of the liquid crystal display panel, the optical sheet and the lower cover for the coupling, the guide member having an upper portion and a lower portion separated by a support portion parallel with the liquid crystal panel and extended to an outward direction from an outer circumferential surface of the upper portion, wherein the upper portion is configured to fit into the at least one hole of the liquid crystal panel with the support portion being configured to support the liquid crystal panel sitting thereon with a shielding tape interposed between the liquid crystal panel and the support portion,
wherein the lower cover has at least one protruding portion extending toward the liquid crystal panel configured to receive the lower portion of the guide member therein, and the protruding portion has a fixing hole configured to couple with a protruding portion of the optical sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,338,421

DISPLAY DEVICE

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A display device, which comprises: a flexible substrate, and flexible substrate comprising an active area, and a non-active area surrounding the active area;the non-active area of the flexible substrate being disposed with a plurality of wires on array (WOA) electrically connected to the active area to provide driving signals to the active area;
the WOA being disposed on both front and back sides of the flexible substrate, wherein the WOA disposed on the back side of the flexible substrate having one end passing through a first hole disposed on the flexible substrate and extending to the front side to connect and receive driving signals and the other end passing through a second hole disposed on the flexible substrate and extending to the front side to electrically connected to the active area;
wherein the WOA disposed on the front side of the flexible substrate comprises a main section disposed on the front side and a first and a second terminal sections also disposed on the front side and respectively connected to two opposite ends of the main section and the WOA disposed on the back side of the flexible substrate comprises a main section that is disposed on the back side and a first terminal segment and a second terminal segment that are located on the front side and are respectively connected to two opposite ends of the main section through the first and second holes, respectively, wherein the main section and first and second terminal segments are arranged to stagger with respect to each other in an extension direction of the main section; and
wherein the first terminals of the wires on array that are disposed on both the front side and the back side are alternately arranged on the front sides in a first direction and second terminals of the wires on array that are disposed on both the front side and the back side are all connected to the active area of the display device; and wherein the main sections of the wires on array that are disposed on the front side of the flexible substrate are alternate with the main sections of the wires on array that are disposed on the back side of the flexible substrate in the first direction and also in a second direction that is different from the first direction, each of the main sections of the wires on array that are disposed on one of the front side and the back side being arranged to correspond to a space between two adjacent ones of the main sections of the wires on array that are disposed on the other one of the front side and the rear side.

US Pat. No. 10,338,420

FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION COMPONENT AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A fingerprint identification component, comprising:a thin film transistor TFT array and a photovoltaic device array, the TFT array comprising a plurality of TFTs, the photovoltaic device array comprising a plurality of photovoltaic devices, the plurality of TFTs in the TFT array and the plurality of optoelectronic devices in the photovoltaic device array correspond to each other, and each TFT in the TFT array is electrically connected to a corresponding photovoltaic device; and
in any adjacent two TFTs in the TFT array, a virtual line connecting a center of a source electrode and a center of a drain electrode of a first TFT do not coincide with a virtual line connecting a center of a source electrode and a center of a drain electrode of a second TFT.

US Pat. No. 10,338,419

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a substrate;
a pixel portion comprising a pixel, the pixel comprising:
a first electrode over the substrate;
an insulating layer over the first electrode;
a second electrode over the insulating layer;
a liquid crystal layer over the second electrode; and
a third electrode over the liquid crystal layer,
a driver circuit electrically connected to the pixel portion; and
a controller electrically connected to the driver circuit,
wherein the first electrode is electrically connected to the third electrode,
wherein the controller is configured to select a first driving mode and a second driving mode,
wherein the controller is configured to rewrite an image data input to the pixel every first period in the first driving mode,
wherein the controller is configured to stop supplying of control signals to the driver circuit for a second period in the second driving mode,
wherein the second period is longer than the first period, and
wherein the first electrode and the third electrode are supplied with a same potential.

US Pat. No. 10,338,418

LIGHT EMITTING MODULE AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A light emission module comprising:a light guide including a pair of emission sides that are disposed facing each other, a first side connecting each of the pair of emission sides and extending in a first direction, a second side connecting each of the pair of emission sides and extending in a second direction that is different from the first direction, and a third side that connects the first side and the second side; and
a light source unit provided at one side of the light guide and distanced from the light guide,
wherein the light source unit comprises a first light source that corresponds to the first side, a second light source that corresponds to the third side, and a light source substrate that supports the first light source and the second light source,
the light source substrate comprises a first portion that supports the first light source and a second portion that supports the second light source,
the second portion is inclined at a first angle with respect to the first portion,
the second light source is configured to emit a light incident on the third side, the light comprising a first orientation angle edge light and a second orientation angle edge light, the first orientation angle edge light inclined at a second angle and refracted at a third angle to propagate in a path adjacent to the second side, and
the first angle is smaller than the third angle.

US Pat. No. 10,338,417

MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES FOR ION IMPURITIES IN LIQUID CRYSTAL MIXTURES

Henry Zhang Zou

1. A method for measuring a performance parameter of a liquid crystal mixture under test, the method comprising:providing a liquid crystal test cell having a pair of electrodes;
placing the liquid crystal mixture under test into the liquid crystal test cell;
applying an electrical driving signal to the electrodes of the liquid crystal test cell;
measuring an electrical response signal from the electrodes; and
based on the electrical driving signal and the electrical response signal, and in the absence of measuring light transmitted through or reflected off of the liquid crystal test cell, determining a twist elastic constant for the liquid crystal mixture under test;
wherein the twist elastic constant is determined from an ion distribution spectrum that includes a display of the number of ions present in the liquid crystal mixture under test versus a given frequency of the electrical driving signal.

US Pat. No. 10,338,416

COUPLING-MODULATED OPTICAL RESONATOR

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A coupling-modulated optical resonator comprising:an optical resonator having a coupled portion; and
a bus waveguide comprising a modulation section that is separated from the coupled portion of the optical resonator by a gap wherein the modulation section and the coupled portion are adjacent and coplanar, the bus waveguide configured to form an input/output (I/O) port of the optical resonator and route an optical signal through the coupling-modulated optical resonator;
the modulation section comprising a pair of electrodes and a quantum well to modulate coupling of the optical signal between the coupled portion of the optical resonator and the modulation section of the bus waveguide by application of voltage across the quantum well using an anode and a cathode of the pair of electrodes to affect a change in a value of the variable modal index of the optical signal between the coupled portion of the optical resonator and the modulation section of the bus waveguide using free carrier plasma dispersion.

US Pat. No. 10,338,415

NANOSTRUCTURED FLAT LENSES FOR DISPLAY TECHNOLOGIES

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. A display apparatus, comprising:a substrate;
a first feature formed on the substrate disposed in a first plane;
a first emitter structure disposed on the first feature;
a second feature formed on the substrate disposed in a second plane different than the first plane;
a second emitter structure disposed on the second feature;
a third feature formed on the substrate disposed in a third plane different than the first plane and the second plane;
a third emitter structure disposed on the third feature;
an encapsulating layer formed over the features; and
a plurality of dielectric nanostructures formed on the encapsulating layer.

US Pat. No. 10,338,414

OPTICAL MODULATOR MODULE

SUMITOMO OSAKA CEMENT CO....

1. An optical modulator module, comprising:a waveguide substrate in which an optical waveguide and a control electrode for controlling a light wave propagating through the optical waveguide are foiined;
a relay substrate which is disposed in a vicinity of the waveguide substrate and in which a DC bias wiring for supplying a DC bias voltage to the control electrode is formed; and
a package case which stores the waveguide substrate and the relay substrate,
wherein a loop of wire standing from the relay substrate to a position higher than a top surface of the waveguide substrate is provided in a part of the DC bias wiring, and
wherein the loop of wire is disposed inside the package case at a position within 10 mm from any one of locations where a solder is used.

US Pat. No. 10,338,413

PROCESS FOR MAKING A TEMPLE FOR AN EYEGLASS FRAME AND TEMPLE FOR AN EYEGLASS FRAME OBTAINED BY MEANS OF SUCH PROCESS

MARCOLIN S.P.A., Longaro...

1. Process for making a temple for an eyeglass frame, which comprises the following operational steps:a step of arranging an elongated body made of a plastic material extended along a main extension axis (Y);
a first heating step, in which said elongated body is heated up to its softening temperature ranging between 60° C.-100° C.;
a step of housing said elongated body in a shaped concavity of a mold;
a step of arranging a metallic rod-like core of length equal to or less than said elongated body;
a second heating step, in which said metallic core is heated at a temperature ranging between 250° C.-350° C.;
an insertion step, in which said metallic core is inserted within said elongated body along an insertion direction (X) substantially parallel to the main extension axis (Y) of said elongated body for at least one section of said elongated body;
said process being characterized in that:
said housing step is preceded by a step of positioning at least one ornamental element in at least one seat provided within the shaped concavity of said mold, and in such seat said ornamental element is at least partially retained by shape coupling;
said ornamental element has at least one undercut portion which, at least in said housing step, is completely embedded in the plastic material that constitutes said elongated body;
subsequent to said insertion step, at least one coupling portion of said ornamental element remains visible once said elongated body is extracted from said mold;
said positioning step provides for inserting, with shape coupling of male/female type, at least one projecting element of the coupling portion of the ornamental element in a corresponding recess of the seat of said mold;
following said insertion step, once said elongated body is extracted from said mold, a removal step is provided, in which said at least one projecting element is at least partially removed.

US Pat. No. 10,338,412

CONTROL OF A PERIODIC LIGHT SOURCE ILLUMINATING A ROOM SHARED BY TWO USERS WEARING SHUTTER GLASSES SYNCHRONIZED WITH THE LIGHT SOURCE

Nokia Technologies Oy, E...

1. A method comprising:receiving information indicative of a first light preference profile, the first light preference profile being associated with a first user of a first near eye apparatus;
receiving information indicative of a second light preference profile, the second light preference profile being associated with a second user of a second near eye apparatus;
determining that the first light preference profile differs from the second light preference profile;
determining, in response to the determination that the first light preference profile differs from the second light preference profile, a first light control setting based, at least in part, on the first light preference profile;
determining, in response to the determination that the first light preference profile differs from the second light preference profile, a second light control setting based, at least in part, on the second light preference profile;
determining a periodic light source actuation directive that is configured to actuate at least one light source in conformance with the first light control setting for a first time period and to actuate the light source in conformance with the second light control setting for a second time period;
causing sending of the periodic light source actuation directive to the light source;
determining a first shutter control directive for the first near eye apparatus, the first shutter control directive being configured to cause the first near eye apparatus to be translucent during at least a portion of the first time period and to be opaque during at least a portion of the second time period;
causing sending of the first shutter control directive to the first near eye apparatus;
determining a second shutter control directive for the second near eye apparatus, the second shutter control directive being configured to cause the second near eye apparatus to be translucent during at least a portion of the second time period and to be opaque during at least a portion of the first time period; and
causing sending of the second shutter control directive to the second near eye apparatus;
wherein the first light preference profile comprises information indicative of a first lighting scheme preference of the first user of the first near eye apparatus, and wherein the second light preference profile comprises information indicative of a second lighting scheme preference of the second user of the second near eye apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,338,411

ACCOMMODATING SOFT CONTACT LENS

OneFocus Technology, LLC,...

1. An accommodating contact lens comprising:an optical chamber,
a plurality of eyelid-engaging chambers coupled to the optical chamber, and
a plurality of channels coupled to the plurality of eyelid-engaging chambers to couple the plurality of eyelid-engaging chambers to the optical chamber,
wherein the plurality of eyelid engaging chambers is arranged to be selectively engaged with an eyelid in order to provide incremental increases in optical power,
wherein the plurality of eyelid engaging chambers comprises a first chamber and a second chamber, and
wherein the first chamber and the second chamber are arranged to engage the eyelid together in order to provide intermediate vision correction when the first chamber and the second chamber are engaged with the eyelid.

US Pat. No. 10,338,409

LENS WITH OFF-AXIS CURVATURE CENTER

eyeBrain Medical, Inc., ...

1. A convergence-reducing lens, wherein:a central normal of the convergence-reducing lens defines a z-axis, and a central region of the convergence-reducing lens defines a tangential, centered x-y plane, together defining an x-y-z coordinate system of the convergence-reducing lens, the convergence-reducing lens comprising
a distance-vision region with a non-negative distance-vision optical power, having
a front distance-vision surface with a center of front distance-vision curvature, and
a rear distance-vision surface with a center of rear distance-vision curvature; and
a near-vision region with an optical power within 0.5D of the distance-vision optical power, having
a front near-vision surface with a center of front near-vision curvature, and
a rear near-vision surface with a center of rear near-vision curvature; wherein
at least one of
an x-coordinate of the center of front near-vision curvature is nasal relative to an x-coordinate of the center of front distance-vision curvature, and
an x-coordinate of the center of rear near-vision curvature is temporal relative to an x-coordinate of the center of rear distance-vision curvature; wherein
the front distance-vision surface and the rear distance-vision surface at an x-distance from a center of the coordinate system define a distance-vision surface convergence angle;
the front near-vision surface and the rear near-vision surface at the x-distance from the center of the coordinate system define a near-vision surface convergence angle; and
the near-vision surface convergence angle is smaller than the distance-vision surface convergence angle.

US Pat. No. 10,338,408

METHOD FOR MAKING IMPROVED UV-ABSORBING OPHTHALMIC LENSES

Novartis AG, Basel (CH)

1. A method for producing UV-absorbing contact lenses, comprising the steps of:(1) obtaining an ophthalmic lens;
(2) dipping the ophthalmic lens in a coating solution comprising an organic solvent and a UV-absorbing polymer for a period of time sufficient to form a UV-absorbing coating on the ophthalmic lens, wherein the coating solution comprises at least about 60% by weight of the organic solvent, wherein the UV-absorbing polymer comprises
a) UV-absorbing monomeric units,
b) covalently bound radical-initiating moieties,
c) and at least 50% by mole of carboxyl-containing monomeric units of at least one carboxyl-containing vinylic monomer selected from the group consisting of acrylic acid, C1-C12 alkylacrylic acid, N,N-2-acrylamidoglycolic acid, beta-methyl-acrylic acid (crotonic acid), alpha-phenyl acrylic acid, beta-acryloxy propionic acid, sorbic acid, angelic acid, cinnamic acid, 1-carobxy-4-phenyl butadiene-1,3, itaconic acid, citraconic acid, mesaconic acid, glutaconic acid, aconitic acid, maleic acid, fumaric acid, tricarboxy ethylene, and combinations thereof;
(3) rinsing the ophthalmic lens having the UV-absorbing coating thereon with water or with a mixture of water and at most about 50% by weight of an organic solvent; and
(4) irradiating, with a light source, the ophthalmic lens obtained in step (3) in the presence of a hydrophilic vinylic monomer or crosslinker to graft the UV-absorbing coating onto the ophthalmic lens.

US Pat. No. 10,338,407

DYNAMIC CONTEXTUAL VIDEO CAPTURE

International Business Ma...

1. A method comprising:receiving, by one or more processors, a set of identifying information and a video stream from a contact lens;
determining, by one or more processors, whether to capture the video stream, wherein determining whether to capture the video stream is based on, at least one of, the user interest level exceeding a threshold and detection of a contextual identifier within the received video stream from the contact lens;
classifying, by one or more processors, the video stream into a category;
responsive to determining to capture the video stream, saving, by one or more processors, the video stream based on the classification category of the video stream; and
creating, by one or more processors, a new contextual identifier, wherein creating a new contextual identifier comprises:
identifying, by one or more processors, at least two incidences of the user deleting the saved video stream, subsequent to the saving the video stream, within a predetermined time,
deriving, by one or more processors, at least one common person, object, place and activity within each of the identified incidences, and
responsive to deriving at least one common person, object, place and activity within each of the identified incidences, determining, by one or more processors, a habitual pattern of the user deleting the saved video stream, subsequent to the saving of the video stream.

US Pat. No. 10,338,406

METHOD FOR DETERMINING A LENS BLANK INTENDED TO BE USED TO MANUFACTURE AN OPTICAL LENS

ESSILOR INTERNATIONAL, C...

1. A method, implemented by a processor device and a memory in communication therewith, for determining a lens blank for manufacturing a finished optical article, the method comprises:determining virtual volume data based at least on finished optical article data representative of a volume of the finished optical article and over-thickness data representative of over-thickness requirements, the virtual volume data being determined so that the virtual volume defined by the virtual volume data includes the volume of the finished optical article and the over-thickness requirements;
generating information indicative of an orientation of the virtual volume based on at least one of i) manufacturing data relating to a manufacturing process to be used for at least part of a manufacturing of the finished optical article, and ii) the finished optical article data;
determining a lens blank based on said virtual volume data and on said information indicative of the orientation of said virtual volume so as to include the virtual volume defined by the virtual volume data; and
generating and storing, in the memory, lens blank data corresponding to said determined lens blank for manufacturing said finished optical article from a lens blank having properties consistent with the lens blank data.

US Pat. No. 10,338,405

EYEGLASSES EQUIPMENT INCLUDING A JOINT AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SUCH AN EYEGLASSES EQUIPMENT

ESSILOR INTERNATIONAL, C...

1. Eyeglasses equipment including:a frame, and
at least one ophthalmic lens mounted into said frame,
wherein said eyeglasses equipment includes an interface that is situated between said frame and said lens and that is colored, and
wherein a face between said lens and said interface has a level of light absorption that is greater than the level of light absorption of a face between said lens and the internal face of said frame.

US Pat. No. 10,338,404

LENS MOVING APPARATUS

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A lens moving apparatus comprising:a housing comprising a first side portion, a second side portion, and a third side portion between the first side portion and the second side portion;
a bobbin disposed inside the housing and comprising a first side surface corresponding to the third side portion of the housing;
a first coil disposed on the bobbin;
a first magnet disposed on the third side portion of the housing;
a first position sensor disposed on the first side surface of the bobbin;
a second magnet comprising a first driving magnet disposed on the first side portion of the housing and a second driving magnet disposed on the second side portion of the housing;
a second coil disposed below the housing and comprising a first coil unit disposed under the first driving magnet and opposite to the first driving magnet in a first direction along an optical axis, and a second coil unit disposed under the second driving magnet and opposite to the second driving magnet in the first direction; and
an upper elastic member comprising an inner frame coupled to an upper surface of the bobbin, an outer frame coupled to an upper surface of the housing, and a frame connection portion connecting the inner frame to the outer frame;
wherein an upper surface of the first magnet is lower than the outer frame of the upper elastic member.

US Pat. No. 10,338,403

LENS DRIVING MECHANISM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

TDK Taiwan Corp., Yangme...

1. A lens driving mechanism, configured to move an optical lens, comprising:a base, having a central axis;
a holder, configured to hold the optical lens, wherein the holder is movable relative to the base;
a first elastic element, connected to the holder and the base;
a first biasing element made of a shape-memory alloy material, connected to the holder and the base, wherein the first biasing element forces the holder and the optical lens to move relative to the base, and an optical axis of the optical lens has an angular displacement relative to the central axis; and
a second biasing element and a plate, the second biasing element connects to the base and the plate, and the second biasing element forces the base and the holder to move relative to the plate.

US Pat. No. 10,338,402

DESPECKLING STABILITY

PROJECTION VENTURES, INC....

1. A method of despeckling, comprising:generating, in an optical fiber, a stimulated Raman scattering light from an input laser light received by the optical fiber from a coupling assembly;
scrambling a fiber mode in the optical fiber; and
using a statistical averaging of a power of a component mode to improve stability of the stimulated Raman scattering light.

US Pat. No. 10,338,401

ILLUMINATION SYSTEM, INSPECTION APPARATUS INCLUDING SUCH AN ILLUMINATION SYSTEM, INSPECTION METHOD AND MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A non-transitory computer program product comprising instructions configured to cause a computing device to perform operations comprising:controlling a first spatial light modulator in an inspection device to spatially modulate a first radiation beam in accordance with a first programmable pattern; and
controlling a second spatial light modulator in the inspection device to spatially modulate a second radiation beam in accordance with a second programmable pattern;
wherein the controlling the first and second spatial light modulators implements a plurality of illumination modes, each illumination mode defining a specific combination of first and second programmable patterns, and
wherein the controlling the first spatial light modulator varies a polarization state of portions of the first radiation based on the first programmable pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,338,400

AUGMENTED REALITY EYEWEAR WITH VAPE OR WEAR TECHNOLOGY

Holovisions LLC, St. Pau...

1. Augmented reality eyewear with Volumetric Annular Photon Emission (VAPE) technology comprising:an annular light projector which projects images of virtual objects into a person's field of vision;
an annular light reflector and/or refractor which receives light rays from the annular light projector and redirects these light rays away from the person's eye, wherein an optical axis of the annular light reflector and/or refractor is substantially same as an optical axis of the person's eye; and
an eyewear lens, wherein the eyewear lens receives light rays from the annular light reflector and/or refractor and at least partially reflects these light rays back toward the person's eye, and wherein the eyewear lens receives light rays from environment and transmits these light rays toward the person's eye.

US Pat. No. 10,338,399

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SHAPED GLASSES AND VIEWING 3D IMAGES

Dolby Laboratories Licens...

1. 3D viewing lens, comprising:a spectral filter operative to pass wavelengths of light of a first channel of a 3D image and block wavelengths of light of a second channel of the 3D image,
wherein a spectral property varies across the lens such that spectral property at a center of the lens is different from that spectral property toward an edge of the lens, so that the spectral property of the spectral filter is shifted toward longer wavelengths relative to wavelengths of light which the filter is intended to be operative.

US Pat. No. 10,338,398

INFLATABLE LIGHT BOX

Makitso USA, LLC, Staffo...

1. An inflatable light box, comprising:a first securing plate;
a second securing plate, having a first light source disposed thereon;
at least one interior cylinder having the first securing plate disposed on an upper end of the interior cylinder and the second securing plate disposed on a lower end of the at least one interior cylinder; and
an inflatable airbag disposed within each at least one interior cylinder; and
a decorative outer cover in which are disposed the at least one interior cylinder, the inflatable airbag, the first light source.

US Pat. No. 10,338,397

VEHICLE HEAD-UP DISPLAY DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

HYUNDAI MOBIS CO., LTD., ...

1. A vehicle head-up display (HUD) device comprising:a display unit divided into a first display area and a second display area;
a mirror configured to reflect a first image to the first display area;
a picture generation unit (PGU) configured to project the first image to the mirror; and
a control unit configured to adjust a projection distance and a magnification and control the PGU to output the first image to the first display area and to output a second image to the second display area,
wherein the first image is an virtual image, and the second image is an real image,
wherein the control unit is configured to correct distortion of the first image and then perform a control operation to output the first image to the first display area,
wherein the control unit is configured to adjust a projection distance and a magnification corresponding to a vehicle's speed and perform the control operation to output the first image to the first display area,
wherein the first image is magnified or reduced according to a viewing angle and a projection distance corresponding to a head motion and an eye box of a driver and then is displayed in the first display area.

US Pat. No. 10,338,396

OPTICAL SYSTEM AND A METHOD FOR OPERATING AN HUD

Jabil Optics Germany GmbH...

1. An optical system, comprising:an imaging system designed to impress image information onto an optical radiation;
a display system designed to project the optical radiation;
a deflection device designed to deflect the projected optical radiation, wherein the deflection device allows an active control of the deflection direction in at least two degrees of freedom, wherein the deflection device comprises a mirror that is supported in such a manner that it can be rotated and/or its position can be changed;
at least one optically transparent pane-shaped element designed to at least partially reflect the deflected optical radiation, wherein the deflection device guides the projected optical radiation onto the pane-shaped element in such a manner that the optical radiation hits the pane-shaped element at an angle,
wherein the imaging system, the display system, the deflection device and the pane-shaped element are arranged in relation to each other such that a virtual image of optical radiation containing the image information is generated, wherein a first edge point of the pane-shaped element differs from a second edge point of the pane-shaped element, and wherein the first edge point comprises a minimal distance (dmin(1)) to the deflection device and the second edge point comprises a minimal distance (dmin(2)) to the imaging system, wherein a distance between the first edge point and the second edge point along a circumference (U) of the pane-shaped element is at least 10% of the circumference (U) of the pane-shaped element;
an eye tracking module, designed to determine a Line-of-Sight of an observer onto the pane-shaped element; and
a control unit, adapted to vary a position of the virtual image in a region of the pane-shaped element by means of the deflection device such that the virtual image is tracked to the Line-of-Sight of the observer, wherein for every Line-of-Sight of an observer onto the pane-shaped element the size of the virtual image directly created by the imaging system is smaller than 90% of a Field-of-View of the optical system.

US Pat. No. 10,338,395

AUGMENTED REALITY SYSTEM EYE RELIEF ADJUSTMENT MECHANISM

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

1. A head-mounted display to be worn by a user, comprising:a display assembly;
left and right flexible crown bands that respectively wrap around left and right sides of a crown of the user when the flexible crown bands are fitted on the crown of the user;
left and right sliding structures that facilitate adjustment of the flexible crown bands each along a substantially linear path to thereby adjust a length of the flexible crown bands;
an attachment structure configured to couple the display assembly to the flexible crown bands; and
an eye relief distance adjustment mechanism comprising a gear, the eye relief distance adjustment mechanism configured to adjust an eye relief distance from the display assembly to an eye of the user when the flexible crown bands are fitted on the crown of the user.

US Pat. No. 10,338,394

WEARABLE ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

SHENZHEN ROYOLE TECHNOLOG...

1. A wearable electronic apparatus, comprising:a head-mounted headphone having two sound generators and an elastic headband connected to the two sound generators;
a display assembly having two end parts and a central part located between the two end parts; and
two connecting mechanisms, wherein each of the two connecting mechanisms is connected to one of the two sound generators corresponding to the connecting mechanism and connected to one of the two end parts of the display assembly corresponding to the connecting mechanism, so that the end part of the display assembly is configured to deflect with respect to the sound generator,
wherein each of the connecting mechanisms comprises:
a first connecting piece fixing to the sound generator and defining a first axis; and
a second connecting piece connecting to the end part, the second connecting piece connecting to the first connecting piece and configured to rotate around the first axis with respect to the first connecting piece,
wherein the first connecting piece extends in a first direction, the second connecting piece extends in a second direction, and the first direction keeps perpendicular to the second direction when the second connecting piece rotates around the first axis with respect to the first connecting piece,
wherein the first axis extends from the sound generator to the end part, and the first direction is parallel to the first axis,
wherein the first connecting niece comprises a first rotating shaft extending from the sound generator to the end part of the display assembly, and the second connecting piece comprises a first shaft sleeve fitted over the first rotating shaft,
wherein each of the connecting mechanisms further comprises a third connecting piece fixed to the end part, the second connecting piece is connected to the end part by means of the third connecting piece, the second connecting piece defines a second axis extending from the first connecting piece to the third connecting piece, and the third connecting piece is configured to rotate around the second axis.

US Pat. No. 10,338,393

OPTICAL SYSTEM AND MAGNIFYING DEVICE

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

1. An optical system centered on an optical axis, the optical system comprising:an exit pupil;
a reflective polarizer proximate the exit pupil, the reflective polarizer curved about two orthogonal axes;
a partial reflector disposed adjacent the reflective polarizer opposite the exit pupil, the partial reflector spaced apart from the reflective polarizer; the partial reflector having an average optical reflectance of at least 30% in a pre-determined plurality of wavelengths and an average optical transmittance of at least 30% in the pre-determined plurality of wavelengths; and
a quarter wave retarder disposed between the reflective polarizer and the partial reflector, wherein the reflective polarizer comprises at least one layer substantially optically biaxial at at least one first location on the at least one layer away from the optical axis and substantially optically uniaxial at at least one second location away from the optical axis, the at least one layer at the at least one second location having a first refractive index in a thickness direction, a second refractive index in a second direction orthogonal to the thickness direction, and a third refractive index in a third direction orthogonal to the thickness direction and to the second direction, an absolute value of a difference in the first and second refractive indices being less than 0.02, an absolute value of a difference in the second and third refractive indices being greater than 0.05, and
wherein each chief ray that passes through the optical system is first incident on the reflective polarizer at an angle of incidence less than 30 degrees.

US Pat. No. 10,338,392

IDENTIFICATION OF AUGMENTED REALITY IMAGE DISPLAY POSITION

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

1. A head-mounted display (HMD) device comprising:an at least partially see-through display configured to display an augmented reality image representing a virtual object, the virtual object having at least a first portion, a second portion, and an associated script for animating the virtual object;
one or more location sensors from which the HMD device determines at least a location of the HMD device in a physical environment;
a communication unit configured to receive peer location data from at least one peer HMD device in the physical environment, wherein the peer location data indicates a peer field of view of the at least one peer HMD device, the peer field of view comprising a range within which augmented reality images may be presented; and
a processor configured to:
based at least on the received peer location data, identify a display position at which the virtual object is to be displayed and viewed in the physical environment by the HMD device and the at least one peer HMD device;
determine a shared focal point based on the display position, the location of the HMD device, and the peer location data;
determine a first orientation of the first portion of the virtual object at the display position based on the shared focal point and focal point information of the script, the first orientation being common to the HMD device and the at least one peer HMD device;
determine a second orientation of the second portion of the virtual object at the display position based on the focal point information and a device-specific focal point that corresponds to the location of the HMD device relative to the display position, the second orientation being specific to the location of the HMD device and differing from the at least one peer HMD device; and
display and animate the augmented reality image of the virtual object at the display position with the first portion at the first orientation and the second portion at the second orientation on the at least partially see-through display of the HMD device according to the script.

US Pat. No. 10,338,391

VIRTUAL/AUGMENTED REALITY SYSTEM HAVING REVERSE ANGLE DIFFRACTION GRATING

Magic Leap, Inc., Planta...

1. A display subsystem for a virtual image generation system for use by an end user, comprising:a planar waveguide apparatus;
an optical fiber;
at least one light source configured for emitting light from a distal end of the optical fiber;
a mechanical drive assembly to which the optical fiber is mounted as a fixed-free flexible cantilever, the drive assembly configured for displacing a distal end of the optical fiber about a fulcrum in accordance with a scan pattern, such that the emitted light initially diverges from a longitudinal axis coincident with the fulcrum from each of a plurality of off-axis scanning positions of the optical fiber;
an optical modulation apparatus configured for converging the emitted light from the optical fiber at each of the off-axis scanning positions towards the longitudinal axis; and
an optical waveguide input apparatus configured for directing the light from the optical modulation apparatus down the planar waveguide apparatus, such that the planar waveguide apparatus displays one or more image frames to the end user.

US Pat. No. 10,338,390

METHOD FOR FABRICATING A CURVED EYEPIECE

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method comprising:forming a lens blank, including:
molding a first blank body and a second blank body, including molding a step structure at a surface of the first blank body and a corresponding step structure at a surface of the second blank body and molding a facet of one of the first blank body and the second blank body;
forming an optical combiner structure at one of the step structures of the first blank body and the second blank body; and
bonding the surface of the first blank body to the surface of the second blank body, wherein respective molded surface portions of the step structure at the surface of the first blank body and the step structure at the surface of the second blank body are mated to one another within the lens blank;
coupling the lens blank to one or more blocking structures; and
forming an eyepiece from the lens blank, including:
depositing a filler material over the facet prior to the machining the first blank body;
removing at least a portion of the filler material during machining of the first blank body;
machining the first blank body to form a first surface of the eyepiece;
machining the second blank body to form a second surface of the eyepiece that is opposite the first surface, wherein one of the first surface and the second surface is a concave surface and the other of the first surface and the second surface is a convex surface;
polishing the first surface;
polishing the second surface; and
deblocking the eyepiece from the one or more blocking structures.

US Pat. No. 10,338,389

HEAD MOUNTED DISPLAY DEVICE FOR DISPLAYING IMAGE AND METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A head mounted display (HMD) device, comprising:a color information obtaining unit configured to obtain color information regarding a detachable lens arranged at a portion of the HMD device, wherein the color information includes information regarding an original color of the detachable lens; and
a control unit configured to output an image modified based on the color information via a display unit arranged at the HMD device;
wherein when the detachable lens is attached to the HMD device, the color information obtaining unit obtains identification information of the detachable lens and obtains the color information of the detachable lens based on the identification information of
the detachable lens, and
wherein the control unit is further configured to select content to be output via the display unit, and determine a recommended lens corresponding to the selected content.

US Pat. No. 10,338,388

LIGHT GUIDE UNIT, IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE, AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. An image display device, comprising:an image forming unit; and
a light guide unit, the light guide unit including:
a unitary light guide plate configured to guide light of an image formed in the image forming unit, wherein the unitary light guide plate has a thickness along a Z axis and a length along an X axis, and wherein the unitary light guide plate is configured to guide the light along the X axis;
a support member; and
one or more buffer members supporting the unitary light guide plate at, at least, a plurality of locations of the support member, wherein:
the unitary light guide plate has a first elastic modulus;
at least one buffer member of the one or more buffer members has a second elastic modulus selected to reduce image quality degradation caused by expansion or contraction of the unitary light guide plate, the second elastic modulus of the at least one buffer member being smaller than the first elastic modulus of the unitary light guide plate;
the unitary light guide plate is attached to the support member at a first location of the support member via the at least one buffer member; and
the unitary light guide plate is further attached to the support member at a second location of the support member via the at least one buffer member, the first and second locations being at opposite ends of the unitary light guide plate along the X axis.

US Pat. No. 10,338,387

SKIN-BASED APPROACH TO VIRTUAL MODELING

AUTODESK, INC., San Rafa...

1. A computer-implemented method for designing an article, the method comprising:detecting a first set of contacts between an input tool and an input canvas at a first set of locations on the input canvas, wherein the input canvas comprises a body part of a user;
determining a first input to a virtual model of input canvas based on the first set of contacts and the first set of locations, wherein the virtual model of the input canvas comprises a first set of three-dimensional (3D) geometries;
modifying the virtual model of the input canvas based on the first input to generate a modified virtual model of the input canvas, wherein the modified virtual model of the input canvas comprises a second set of 3D geometries that is different from the first set of 3D geometries; and
generating a virtual model of the article based on the modified virtual model of the input canvas.