US Pat. No. 10,247,660

LASER DISPLACEMENT METER AND LASER ULTRASONIC INSPECTION APPARATUS USING THE SAME

HITACHI, LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A laser ultrasonic inspection apparatus comprising:a laser displacement meter, wherein the laser displacement meter includes:
a laser array that includes a plurality of lasers emitting beams with different wavelengths,
a lens array that includes a plurality of lenses for focusing the beams with different wavelengths on an object as focused beam,
a reflected beam lens array that includes a plurality of focusing lenses for focusing a beam reflected by the object in response to the focused beam,
an optical filter array that includes a plurality of optical filters through which the reflected beam is selectively transmitted to generate a filtered beam, and
a photodetector array that includes a plurality of photodetectors for detecting the filtered beam;
an ultrasonic sensor that generates ultrasonic waves; and
a controller that synchronizes the ultrasonic sensor and the laser displacement meter.

US Pat. No. 10,247,659

DEVICE FOR CHARACTERIZING AN INTERFACE OF A STRUCTURE AND CORRESPONDING DEVICE

MENAPIC, Lille (FR)

1. A device configured to characterize an interface of a structure, said structure comprising a solid first material and a second material, which materials are separated by said interface, the device comprising:a generator configured to generate a first mechanical wave in the solid first material;
a generator configured to generate probe radiation configured to propagate at least in part in the solid first material so as to form Brillouin oscillations; and
a detector configured to detect the variation in time of the Brillouin oscillations in the solid first material;
wherein the device further comprises:
an identification device configured to use the time variation of the Brillouin oscillations in the solid first material to identify reflection of said first mechanical wave by said interface or transmission through said interface of a second mechanical wave interfering with the first mechanical wave; and
a determination device configured to determine the variation in amplitude of the Brillouin oscillations in the solid first material before and after reflection or transmission by said interface.

US Pat. No. 10,247,658

TEST JIG FOR COATING ADHESION STRENGTH

UNIVERSAL GLOBAL TECHNOLO...

1. A coating adhesion strength test jig, comprising:a base;
a sample carrier mounted on said base and drivable to move along a first direction;
a first displacement mechanism mounted on said base above said sample carrier, said first displacement mechanism comprising a first positioning member drivable to move along a second direction;
a second displacement mechanism mounted to said first positioning member, said second displacement mechanism comprising a second positioning member drivable to move along a third direction;
a cutting knife holder mounted to said second positioning member, said cutting knife holder comprising a first face and a second face; and
two cutting knives respectively mounted on said first face and said second face;
wherein said test jig further comprises a load cell mounted between said second positioning member and said cutting knife holder;
wherein said second displacement mechanism further comprises a locating plate fixedly mounted to said second positioning member; said cutting knife holder is movably mounted to said second positioning member by said locating plate, and said load cell has two opposite ends thereof respectively connected to said locating plate and said cutting knife holder.

US Pat. No. 10,247,657

FIRE TUBE SCANNER AND METHOD OF USE

Allen Ventures, LLC, Rig...

1. A scanner for use in scanning a fire tube in a heater treater, said scanner comprising:a curved body, wherein said curved body comprises an outside of a curve and an inside of a curve;
at least one front edge magnet coupled to a front edge and at least one back edge magnet coupled to a back edge of said outside of said curve of said curved body;
at least one sensor coupled between the at least one front edge magnet and the at least one back edge magnet;
a sensor cover coupled to the curved body, wherein the at least one sensor is located below the sensor cover;
a data transmitter coupled to said at least one sensor;
at least one set of wheels, each set of wheels coupled to opposing edges of said curved body, each set of wheels coupled adjacent said at least one magnet;
a distance measurer coupled to said curved body;
a hook coupler coupled to said curved body; and
at least one handle coupled to said inside of said curve of said curved body.

US Pat. No. 10,247,655

MICROFLUIDIC DEVICES AND SYSTEMS

SPHERE FLUIDICS LIMITED, ...

1. A method of label-free cell or particle sorting or assaying in a microfluidic device, the method comprising:providing a stream of aqueous droplets in oil in a channel of said microfluidic device, wherein at least some of said droplets include unlabeled cells or particles;
illuminating said stream from a first direction;
detecting light from unlabeled cells or particles within said aqueous droplets in a second direction;
determining a property of said cells or particles in each droplet from said detected light, wherein said step of determining includes determining the number of said cells or particles in each droplet by determining an integrated intensity of said light over time, and determining at least whether said number of unlabeled cells or particles falls above or below a threshold; and
sorting said aqueous droplets into one of a plurality of differentiated streams responsive to said determined number of said unlabeled cells or particles;
the method further comprising modifying a refractive index of said oil to more closely match a refractive index of said aqueous droplets, such that a difference between the refractive index of the modified oil and a refractive index of said aqueous droplets is less than a difference between the refractive index of the unmodified oil and a refractive index of the aqueous droplets, to reduce light scattered from boundaries of said droplets.

US Pat. No. 10,247,654

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CALCULATING CONSUMED LIFESPAN

XIAOMI INC., Haidian Dis...

1. A method for calculating a consumed lifespan, comprising followings steps:controlling an electric motor of a purifier to rotate at a predetermined speed;
acquiring a value of a sampled parameter of the electric motor rotating at the predetermined speed, the sampled parameter being at least one of a sampled current and a sampled voltage of the electric motor; and
determining a consumed lifespan of the purifier according to the acquired value of the sampled parameter and a pre-defined corresponding relationship, wherein the pre-defined corresponding relationship is used for storing relations between values of the sampled parameter and consumed lifespans, the relations between values of the sampled parameter and consumed lifespans are obtained under a condition that the electric motor of the purifier rotates at the predetermined speed, and the determined consumed lifespan is in positive correlation with the acquired value of the sampled parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,247,653

CONTINUOUS, REAL TIME MONITOR FOR AIRBORNE DEPLETED URANIUM PARTICLES AND CORRESPONDING METHOD OF USE

1. A continuous, real time monitor for airborne depleted uranium (DU) particles in a respiratory range, comprising:a housing, comprising:
an air mover that pulls an air sample into the monitor at a desired airflow rate to deposit particles in the air sample on a filter media;
a prefilter sized to pass only respirable range particles in the air sample;
a first optical sensor downstream of the prefilter configured to provide a first airborne dust concentration and a first size distribution of the respirable range particles contained in the air sample;
a second optical sensor upstream of the prefilter configured to measure the airborne concentrations of particles that are greater in size than respirable range particles to allow assessment of potential toxicological damage to kidneys;
a movable filter web through which the air sample is pulled, the movable filter web supporting a plurality of the filter media upon which the particles in the air sample are deposited;
a solid state detector configured to measure alpha activity emitted from DU particles in the air sample and deposited on the filter media; and
a processor configured to execute a program of machine instructions, the program contained on a non-transient computer-readable storage medium, and configured to:
control movement of the movable filter web to place the movable filter web in a first position in which the air sample passes thereby depositing the particles and a second position at which the emitted alpha activity is detected and measured by the solid state detector, and
compute, using the first airborne dust concentration, a dust loading on the filter media.

US Pat. No. 10,247,652

CONTROLLED SAMPLING VOLUME OF CLOUDS FOR MEASURING CLOUD PARAMETERS

Rosemount Aerospace Inc.,...

1. A system for calculating a metric of Super-cooled Large Droplets (SLDs) in a cloud atmosphere, the system comprising:an optical source configured to divergently project first and second pulses of optical energy about an optical axis;
an optical control module configured to receive at least a portion of each of the first and second divergently projected pulses of optical energy and to direct the received portion of each of the first and second divergently projected pulses within a projection range;
a collimator lens located within the projection range of the optical control module and configured to collimate a portion of each of the first and second pulses of optical energy directed by the optical control module therethrough into a cloud atmosphere;
an optical window located within the projection range of the optical control module and configured to transmit an uncollimated portion of each of the first and second pulses of optical energy directed by the optical control module therethrough into a cloud atmosphere;
an optical detector configured to detect and to generate first and second signals indicative of each of the first and second pulses of optical energy, respectively, backscattered by the cloud atmosphere; and
a processor configured to calculate, based on the generated first and second signals, a metric of SLDs in the cloud atmosphere.

US Pat. No. 10,247,651

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING GRAVITY AND DENSITY OF SOLIDS IN A LIQUID MEDIUM

Red Meters LLC, Orlando,...

1. A system for continuously measuring density of a flowing media, comprising:a cartridge connected serially between an inflow media pipe and an outflow media pipe, the inflow media pipe and the outflow media pipe arranged on opposite sides of the cartridge and oriented along a same direction as the cartridge;
a displacement sensing device adapted to monitor displacement changes of the cartridge when the media flow through the cartridge;
a base configured to provide a support for the displacement sensing device;
a pressure sensor;
a temperature sensor; and
a processor configured to calculate density of the flowing media based on measured displacement change, temperature and pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,247,650

PORTABLE ALCOHOL TESTER

Virginia Commonwealth Uni...

1. A method for measuring the alcohol content in a liquid, comprising the steps ofgathering a sample of the liquid into a sampling reservoir,
heating the sample with a heating element to a first temperature of 60° C.-70° C.,
releasing evaporated gas through a pressure relief valve,
using a pressure sensor to obtain a baseline pressure reading,
heating the sample with the heating element to a second temperature different from said first temperature,
using the pressure sensor to obtain a pressure reading after the sample is heated to the second temperature, and
calculating the alcohol content based on a pressure differential between the pressure reading at the second temperature and the baseline pressure reading.

US Pat. No. 10,247,649

SPINE TESTING DEVICE AS WELL AS MEASURING METHOD

1. A spine testing device havingfirst and second bearing supports (6) located at a horizontal distance (a) from one another in order to support opposite ends (12) of an arrow (5),
a measuring unit (3) for determining a spine value (dSpine) of the arrow (5) and
a display unit (4) for displaying the spine value (dSpine),
wherein:
at least one of said first and second bearing supports (6) is equipped with a measuring device (7) in order to measure a force (F1, F2) emanating from the arrow (5),
a stop (8) is located in an area between the first and second bearing supports, at such a height that the arrow (5) can be moved a specified distance (d) from a horizontal starting position into a bending position by exerting a force at a point of application (13) located between the first and second bearing supports (6), in which bending position the arrow (5) lies in contact with the stop (8),
the measuring unit (3) comprises an evaluation device (2) having means for establishing a bending force (FBiege) acting on the arrow (5) and the evaluation device (2) comprises a calculation formula with at least one reference value, so that the spine value (dSpine) of the arrow (5) can be calculated by means of the calculation formula.

US Pat. No. 10,247,648

HIGH PRECISION QUANTIFICATION OF SUB-VISIBLE PARTICLES

Intelligent Virus Imaging...

1. A method for quantification of sub-visible particles, comprising: providing a filter membrane having a plurality of pores defined therethrough, the filter membrane being in operational engagement with a vacuum chamber; sealing the pores with a sealant; applying a sample droplet, containing a liquid and sub-visible particles, onto the filter membrane without the sample droplet touching any outside edge of the filter membrane; the liquid dissolving the sealant in pores disposed below the sample droplet; the liquid flowing through the pores in which the sealant has been dissolved and the sub-visible particles remaining on top of the filter membrane; and the sub-visible particles being enumerated in an electron microscopy;wherein the method further comprises the step of pre-mounting a filter assembly containing the filter membrane, onto a SEM support.

US Pat. No. 10,247,647

CELL TRAPPING DEVICE, CELL TRAPPING SYSTEM, AND PRODUCTION METHOD FOR CELL TRAPPING DEVICE

HITACHI CHEMICAL COMPANY,...

1. A cell trapping device configured to trap cells in a test liquid comprising:a housing including
a lid member made of a material translucent to light having a visable wavelength and having an introduction channel configured to introduce a test liquid into an inside, and an introduction region, the introduction channel extending from outside the housing to the introduction region in a horizontal direction and being connected to the introduction region at a portion adjacent a peripheral edge of the introduction region; and
a storage member having a discharge channel configured to discharge the test liquid to an outside;
a filter having a filter region in which at least one through-hole configured to pass the test liquid is formed in a thickness direction, the filter being provided in a channel between the introduction channel and the discharge channel in the housing, and being supported between the lid member and the storage member by the lid member and the storage member; and
a plurality of fastening members configured to clamp the lid member and the storage member from both sides in an intersecting direction that is a direction intersecting with the filter to fasten the lid member and the storage member to each other, wherein
the fastening members are located along a peripheral edge part of the housing so as to surround the filter, and
the introduction region is provided above the filter region.

US Pat. No. 10,247,646

SELF-CONTAINED SAMPLE PROCESSING CARTRIDGE WITH PRELOADED REAGENT

SYFR, INC., Danville, CA...

1. A self-contained biological sample processing cartridge comprising:a chamber operable to receive a biological sample, the chamber being configured to enable one of one or more biological sample staining procedures appropriate for the biological sample;
one or more fluidic valves coupled to the chamber and being situated within the cartridge, at least one of the one or more fluidic valves being operable to evacuate at least a portion of contents of the chamber; and
one or more valve control elements situated within the cartridge, at least one of the one or more valve control elements coupled to a respective fluidic valve of the one or more fluidic valves to control fluid flow for the chamber;
a top portion and a bottom portion that close together, the top portion including a top section of the chamber and further including the one or more valve control elements, the bottom portion including a bottom section of the chamber and further including the one or more fluidic valves; and
at least one preloaded reagent component situated internal to the cartridge to supply the chamber with at least one predetermined preloaded reagent appropriate for a particular biological sample staining procedure, the cartridge thus being a self-contained cartridge wherein at least one preloaded reagent is contained therein;
whereby a user desiring to conduct a particular biological sample staining procedure on a particular biological sample may select a particular cartridge that is preloaded with the at least one preloaded reagent component appropriate for the particular biological sample staining procedure.

US Pat. No. 10,247,644

AIR SAMPLING SYSTEM FOR A LOW-TEMPERATURE SPACE THAT ENABLES REMOVAL OF ICE BUILD-UP WITHIN A SAMPLING CONDUIT

Garrett Thermal Systems L...

1. An air sampling system for a low-temperature space, the low-temperature space having a temperature of +4 degrees Celsius or below, the air sampling system including:an air sampling pipe for passing sampling air to an air sampling device;
a sampling conduit having an entry port of a sampling point in the low-temperature space to an exit port outside the low-temperature space; the sampling conduit further having a longitudinal axis that extends from the entry port to the exit port, the air sampling pipe being connected to the exit port of the sampling conduit via a connection assembly having a restrictor for restricting flow of sampling air from the sampling conduit to the sampling pipe; wherein the connection assembly and restrictor are selectively removable from the exit port of the sampling conduit, enabling access in line with the longitudinal axis to a full cross-section of the sampling conduit from outside the low-temperature space whilst the sampling conduit remains in position, thereby to provide line of sight visual inspection from the exit port to the entry port and enable insertion of a rod into the exit port and sampling conduit for removal of ice build-up within the sampling conduit out through the entry port, wherein the sampling system further includes a bell or dome shaped nozzle at the entry port of the sampling conduit.

US Pat. No. 10,247,643

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING AIR EMISSIONS DURING PIG RECEIVER DEPRESSURIZATION

MARKWEST ENERGY PARTNERS,...

1. A pipeline system to characterize emissions during pig receiver depressurization, the system comprising:a pipeline have a bore extending therethrough to provide a pathway for fluid flow and a terminus region;
a pig receiver positioned in the terminus region of the pipeline and having a receiver barrel positioned to have a pipeline pig disposed therein, a receiver opening to provide access to the receiver barrel, and a receiver hatch positioned to cover the receiver opening;
one or more exhaust gas lines in fluid communication with the pig receiver, each of the one or more exhaust gas lines having one or more slip streams in fluid communication therewith;
one or more control valves positioned to control release of pressurized gas from the pig receiver as exhaust gas into the one or more exhaust gas lines, the one or more control valves being disposed in the one or more exhaust gas lines;
one or more flow meters positioned to determine mass flow rate and exhaust pressure of the exhaust gas flowing through the one or more exhaust gas lines; and
one or more gas analyzers positioned to analyze a plurality of exhaust gas samples obtained from the one or more slip streams over a range of different exhaust pressures when exhaust gas flows through the one or more exhaust gas lines and the one or more slip streams thereby to identify a plurality of gas components and determine a percentage of each gas component identified in each of the plurality of exhaust gas samples prior to removal of the pipeline pig from the pig receiver when positioned therein.

US Pat. No. 10,247,642

PORTABLE EFFICIENT MAGNETIC SOLID PHASE EXTRACTION DEVICE AND EXTRACTION METHOD THEREOF

NANJING UNIVERSITY, Nanj...

1. A portable efficient magnetic solid phase extraction device, characterized in that: the device mainly comprises a contact reaction chamber (1), a circulating water inlet (2), a clear water basin (3), a three-way valve c(4), a water delivery pipe a-1(5-1), a water delivery pipe a-2(5-2), a circulating pump (6), a circulating water outlet (7), a solid phase extractant collecting tank (8), a magnetic holder (9), an electromagnet (10), a solid-liquid separation area (11), a water outlet (12), a three-way valve d(13), a water delivery pipe b-1(14-1), a water delivery pipe b-2(14-2), a drain pipe (15), a drain valve (16), a wall sprinkling water inlet (17), and a wall sprinkling pipe (18),wherein, the circulating water inlet (2) and the circulating water outlet (7) are respectively located at the upper part and lower part of the contact reaction chamber (1); the circulating water inlet (2) is connected to the three-way valve c(4) via the water delivery pipe a-1(5-1); the circulating water outlet (7) is connected to the three-way valve c(4) via a pipe; the clear water basin (3) is connected to the pipe between the circulating water outlet (7) and the three-way valve c(4) via a pipe; the lower part of the contact reaction chamber (1) is connected to the solid-liquid separation area (11) via the water outlet (12); the solid phase extractant collecting tank (8), the electromagnet (10), and the magnetic holder (9) are sequentially disposed at the lower part of the solid-liquid separation area (11);
the solid phase extractant collecting tank (8) is connected to the drain valve (16) via a pipe; the drain valve (16) is connected to the drain pipe (15); the sprinkling pipe (18) is located at the upper part inside the contact reaction chamber (1), and is connected to the wall sprinkling water inlet (17); the wall sprinkling water inlet (17) is connected to the three-way valve d(13) via the water delivery pipe b-1(14-1); the three-way valve d(13) is connected to the pipe between the solid phase extractant collecting tank (8) and the drain valve (16) via a pipe; the three-way valve d(13) is connected to the circulating pump (6) via the water delivery pipe b-2(14-2); the circulating pump (6) is connected to three-way valve c(4) via the water delivery pipe a-2(5-2); and the entire device is automatically controlled by a circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,247,641

MESH REGISTRATION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DIAGNOSING TREAD WEAR

Tireaudit.com, Inc., San...

1. An automated tread analysis system, comprising:a sensing system having:
a single camera providing a plurality of sequential two-dimensional images; and,
an analyzing system configured to provide at least one surface model of a first object via photogrammetry using the plurality of sequential two-dimensional images, the first object having at least one pattern with at least one groove and at least one protrusion;
a user system executing processing software reading:
data corresponding to the at least one surface model of the first object, the surface model corresponding to a current condition of the first object;
wherein processing software executed by the user system analyzes the at least one surface model of the first object and provides at least one indicative wear metric based on the analysis of the surface model of the first object.

US Pat. No. 10,247,640

TIRE UNIFORMITY IMPROVEMENT THROUGH IDENTIFICATION OF MEASUREMENT PROCESS HARMONICS USING MULTIPLE REVOLUTIONS IN A UNIFORMITY MEASUREMENT MACHINE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A method of improving the uniformity of a tire, comprising:accessing uniformity measurements of a uniformity parameter obtained for a set of a plurality of test tires, the uniformity measurement for each test tire obtained for a plurality of revolutions of the test tire in a uniformity measurement machine while the test tire is loaded with a road wheel;
determining data indicative of a variance in the uniformity measurements obtained for the set of test tires by:
determining a first variance of uniformity measurements associated with a first revolution in the plurality of revolutions for the set of test tires;
determining a second variance of uniformity measurements associated with the second revolution in the plurality of revolutions for the set of test tires; and
determining data indicative of an independent variance based at least in part on the first variance and the second variance;
estimating one or more parameters of a measurement process harmonic associated with the road wheel based at least in part on the data indicative of the variance; and
modifying tire manufacture based at least in part on the measurement process harmonic associated with the road wheel.

US Pat. No. 10,247,639

PRESSURE INDICATOR FOR AUTOMOTIVE RADIATOR, SENSES A PREDEFINED PRESSURE AND FLAGS OFF A PERMANENT TRIGGER

Ravi Parmanand Bhojwani, ...

1. An indicator fitted on a radiator to sense a pre-decided maximum sustainable pressure of the radiator having been reached, wherein the indicator communicates that the pre-decided maximum sustainable pressure of the radiator has been reached by flagging off an arrow head component (10/19) of the indicator, the arrow head component (10/19) on its return gets trapped by a rubber retainer (11/20) in the indicator such that the arrow head component (10/19) stays flagged permanently.

US Pat. No. 10,247,638

BEARING TEST APPARATUS FOR TESTING BEHAVIOR OF THE BEARING

Korea Institute of Scienc...

1. An apparatus for testing a test bearing, the apparatus comprising:a chamber;
a bearing cap disposed in the chamber, and configured to be coupled to an outer wheel of the test bearing;
a driving shaft configured to be connected to an inner wheel of the test bearing;
an extension arm radially extending from the bearing cap, and protruding from the chamber;
a measurement arm contacting an end of the extension arm, and rotatable about an axis of the measurement arm; and
a force sensor coupled to the measurement arm.

US Pat. No. 10,247,637

DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE MEASUREMENT WITH FILM CHAMBER

INFICON GmbH, Cologne (D...

1. Leak detection device measuring a differential pressure between a test chamber circumscribing a first internal volume and a reference chamber circumscribing a second internal volume, which can be separated from the first internal volume of the test chamber in a gas-tight manner by a first check valve that is arranged in a gas flow path connecting the first internal volume of the test chamber with the second internal volume of the reference chamber, wherein a differential pressure sensor is arranged in another gas flow path connecting the second internal volume of the reference chamber with the first internal volume of the test chamber in order to measure the differential pressure between an internal pressure within the second internal volume of the reference chamber and an internal pressure within the first internal volume of the test chamber,wherein the test chamber and the reference chamber each have at least one wall region formed from a flexible film, wherein a ratio of the first internal volume of the test chamber to the surface area of the flexible wall region of the test chamber adjacent to the first internal volume of the test chamber and a ratio of the second internal volume of the reference chamber to the surface area of the flexible wall region of the reference chamber adjacent to the second internal volume of the reference chamber are substantially equal.

US Pat. No. 10,247,636

SHEET METAL PROCESSING MACHINES HAVING A CHIP SUCTIONING DEVICE AND METHODS FOR DETECTING A MALFUNCTION IN THE CHIP SUCTIONING DEVICE

1. A sheet metal processing machine comprising:a chip suctioning device comprising:
an extraction tube connected to a die orifice of a punching die of the sheet metal processing machine, wherein the die orifice is configured to receive chips removed from a metal sheet processed by the sheet metal processing machine, and wherein the extraction tube includes a chip flap positioned at a bottom of the extraction tube, the chip flap comprising a drive device configured to close and open the chip flap for bringing out the received chips from the extraction tube,
an extraction line coupled to the extraction tube, wherein the extraction line comprises at least one sieve,
a vacuum generator coupled to the extraction line, wherein the vacuum generator is configured to generate a vacuum in the chip suctioning device, and
a vacuum sensor connected to the extraction line between a downstream last sieve of the at least one sieve and the vacuum generator, wherein the vacuum sensor detects a vacuum in the extraction line between the downstream last sieve and the vacuum generator; and
a control device in communication with the vacuum sensor to receive a signal from the vacuum sensor corresponding to a vacuum level in the chip suctioning device.

US Pat. No. 10,247,635

ONLINE CHLORINE ANALYZER

HACH COMPANY, Loveland, ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a cartridge comprising a base and a lid;
at least two fluid lines located between the base and the lid of the cartridge;
at least one heating element integral to either the base or the lid and aligned in intimate contact with the at least two fluid lines;
at least one heat sensing element in intimate contact with the at least two fluid lines, wherein the at least one heat sensing element is spaced downstream from the at least one heating element;
a power supply for the cartridge; and
a processor in electrical communication with the cartridge programmed to:
operate the at least one heating element to produce heating of the at least two fluid lines for a predetermined amount of time of at least five seconds at a first position prior to initiation of a measurement cycle, wherein the measurement cycle includes:
introduction of fluid into the at least two fluid lines upstream from the first position; and
operation of the at least one heat sensing element to detect the heat of the fluid within the at least two fluid lines at a position downstream of the first position;
operate the at least one heating element to discontinue heating of the at least two fluid lines at the first position after the predetermined amount of time has passed;
introduce the fluid into the at least two fluid lines upstream from the first position; and
operate the at least one heat sensing element to detect the heat of the fluid within the at least two fluid lines at a position downstream of the first position.

US Pat. No. 10,247,634

DISCONNECTION DETECTION CIRCUIT OF PRESSURE DETECTION DEVICE

CITIZEN FINEDEVICE CO., L...

1. A disconnection detection circuit of a pressure detection device, with the pressure detection device including at least: a pressure detection portion having a pressure detection element which receives pressure so as to output a charge signal corresponding to the pressure; and a wiring cable which transmits a detection signal output from the pressure detection portion to an external circuit, the disconnection detection circuit detecting a disconnection of the wiring cable in the pressure detection device,wherein the disconnection detection circuit comprises:
a pull-up resistor to which the detection signal is fed and which connects a signal line connected to the wiring cable to a power supply or a pull-down resistor which connects the signal line to a GND; and
a voltage clip circuit which includes a high-voltage clip circuit which is connected between the signal line and the power supply and which clips the voltage of the signal line to a maximum specified voltage and a low-voltage clip circuit which is connected between the signal line and the GND and which clips the voltage of the signal line to a minimum specified voltage,
wherein the voltage clip circuit includes an output resistor which is connected in series to the signal line on the input side of the high-voltage clip circuit and the low-voltage clip circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,247,633

COMBUSTION PRESSURE SENSOR WITH BUILT-IN CHARGE AMPLIFIER

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A combustion pressure sensor comprising:a sensor body including a piezoelectric element having a ground side end connected to a chassis ground through a housing, and detecting a pressure in a combustion chamber of an engine; and
a charge amplifier including at least a voltage converting unit that converts an output of the sensor body into a voltage signal and a reference voltage generating unit that generates a reference voltage for being supplied to the voltage converting unit, and operating on a power supplied from a signal processing unit disposed outside of the charge amplifier, wherein
the reference voltage generating unit includes a voltage generating circuit having a constant current circuit and a resistor connected in series with each other,
one end of the voltage generating circuit is connected to a power supply line extending from the signal processing unit,
the other end of the voltage generating circuit is connected to the ground side end of the piezoelectric element, and
the ground side end of the piezoelectric element and a ground line employed for power supplying from the signal processing unit are connected through a ground separating capacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,247,632

OIL FILLED GAGE REFERENCE SIDE PROTECTION

Honeywell International, ...

1. A pressure sensor comprising:a housing having a sense side cavity formed on a first side of the housing;
a sense side diaphragm attached to the first side of the housing and over the sense side cavity, wherein the sense side diaphragm has a first surface area exposed to the sense side cavity;
a sense die assembly placed in the sense side cavity and attached to the housing, wherein the sense die assembly comprises a sense die having a front side exposed to at least a portion of the sense side cavity;
a reference side cavity formed in the housing, wherein a back side of the sense die of the sense die assembly is exposed to the reference side cavity;
a reference side diaphragm attached to a second side of the housing and over the reference side cavity, wherein the reference side diaphragm has a second surface area exposed to the reference side cavity that is less than one-half that of the first surface area, and wherein the reference side diaphragm deflects in response to variation(s) in atmospheric pressure so as to provide a reference side pressure to the reference side cavity;
one or more pins each spaced laterally outside a perimeter of the reference side diaphragm but inside a perimeter of the sense side diaphragm, the one or more pins electrically connected to the sense die assembly and extending outside the housing from the second side; and
wherein the sense side cavity and the reference side cavity are filled with oil.

US Pat. No. 10,247,631

DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE MEASURING CELL

1. A differential pressure measuring cell, comprising:a measuring membrane;
a first opposing body;
a second opposing body; and
a converter, said converter converting a deformation of said measuring membrane, which deformation is dependent upon a difference between said first pressure and said second pressure, into an electrical signal;
wherein:
said measuring membrane is arranged between said first opposing body and said second opposing body and is connected in a pressure-tight manner to said two opposing bodies;
a first measuring chamber is formed between said measuring membrane and said first opposing body; and
a second measuring chamber is formed between said measuring membrane and said second opposing body, and
wherein:
said first opposing body and said second opposing body each have a pressure duct through which the first pressure or the second pressure can be applied to said respective measuring chamber;
at least one of the opposing bodies has a chamber section oriented toward said measuring membrane and a rear wall section oriented away from said measuring membrane; a decoupling chamber is provided between said chamber section and rear wall section; said chamber section has at least one equalizing duct by means of which said measuring chamber communicates with said decoupling chamber; and said decoupling chamber has, in a plane parallel to said measuring membrane, a diameter that is at least as large as the diameter of said measuring chamber, and
the differential pressure measuring cell further comprises: at least one additional electric converter for determining a static pressure, which is applied to the differential pressure measuring cell, at least based upon a pressure-dependent deformation of said rear wall section.

US Pat. No. 10,247,630

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, MECHANICAL QUANTITY MEASURING DEVICE, AND SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE FABRICATING METHOD

HITACHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEM...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a metal body;
a bonding layer placed on the metal body; and
a semiconductor chip placed on the bonding layer,
wherein the bonding layer includes:
a first layer that contains a filler and is formed between the metal body and the semiconductor chip, and
a second layer bonded to the first layer and the semiconductor chip, wherein the second layer has a thermal expansion coefficient higher than that of the first layer and a thickness of the second layer is half as large as that of the first layer or less.

US Pat. No. 10,247,629

STACKED OR UNSTACKED MEMS PRESSURE SENSOR WITH THROUGH-HOLE CAP AND PLURALITY OF CHIP CAPACITORS

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A pressure sensor comprising:a circuit board having upper and lower surfaces and a plurality of vias for electrical connection;
an integrated circuit having upper and lower surfaces, the lower surface of the integrated circuit being attached to the circuit board's upper surface;
a first plurality of bond wires, electrically connecting the integrated circuit to the circuit board;
a MEMS pressure sensing element having a top side and a back side, the MEMS pressure sensing element's top side having a diaphragm;
a second plurality of bond wires electrically connecting the MEMS pressure sensing element to the integrated circuit;
a cap attached to the upper surface of the circuit board and enclosing the integrated circuit, the MEMS pressure sensing element and the bond wires therein, the cap having a top surface with an orifice;
a plurality of chip capacitors mounted on the circuit board outside of the cap; and
a gel inside the cap and substantially covering: the integrated circuit, the MEMS pressure sensing element, the first plurality and the second plurality of bond wires;
wherein pressure outside the cap is applied to the diaphragm via the gel through the orifice.

US Pat. No. 10,247,628

FORCE MEASUREMENT MECHANISM

IMPERIAL INNOVATIONS LIMI...

1. A force measurement mechanism comprising:a first force input member and a second force input member, the first and second force input members being spaced apart in a force input direction;
a pair of cantilever springs each having a first end portion and a second end portion;
a sensor coupled to at least one of the force input members;
a first constraining support and a second constraining support, wherein:
the first end portion of each of the cantilever springs is held by the first constraining support and the second end portion of each of the cantilever springs is held by the second constraining support;
each of the cantilever springs has an unconstrained length, between the first constraining support and the second constraining support, that is free to bend;
the constraining supports hold the cantilever springs in a parallel arrangement and spaced apart in the force input direction;
the force input members are attached to the first constraining support and the second constraining support so that movement of the force input members relative to each other in the force input direction is arranged to produce movement of the constraining supports relative to each other in the force input direction and to bend the cantilever springs;
the sensor is arranged to measure a force applied in the force input direction between the force input members; and
the force input members form a hand-grip arranged to fit within a person's hand, and are each attached to a respective one of the constraining supports and extend parallel to the cantilever springs and spaced apart from them in an unloaded state, whereby the force input members remain substantially parallel when a force is applied between them.

US Pat. No. 10,247,627

FORCE MEASUREMENT DEVICE

Torque And More (TAM) Gmb...

1. A force measurement device, comprising:a first magnetic field generating unit configured to generate a magnetic field for being applied to a test object;
a first magnetic field sensing unit configured to sense the generated magnetic field;
a second magnetic field sensing unit configured to sense the generated magnetic field;
a flux concentrator having a first pole, a second pole and a third pole; and
a control unit,
wherein the first pole, the second pole and the third pole extend in the same direction,
wherein the first magnetic field generating unit is arranged at the first pole,
wherein the first magnetic field sensing unit is arranged at the second pole,
wherein the second magnetic field sensing unit is a coil wound around the third pole,
wherein a line enveloping a first end face of the first pole, a second end face of the second pole and a third end face of the third pole is concave shaped,
wherein the control unit is adapted to deteimine a force applied to a test object based on the sensed magnetic field,
wherein a cross section of the first pole is greater than a cross section of the second pole and greater than a cross section of the third pole, and
wherein the flux concentrator interconnects the first pole, the second pole, and the third pole in a V-shaped manner, so that a first connection line between the first pole and the second pole and a second connection line between the first pole and the third pole intersect at an angle between 80° and 100°.

US Pat. No. 10,247,626

MOTION RECOGNITION METHOD AND APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

10. An apparatus for determining a motion type of a body of a user among a plurality of motion types of the body of the user, the apparatus comprising:a camera to photograph images of the user having the motion;
a plurality of pressure and position sensors configured to be installed apart from each other at a predetermined distance and in the form of a matrix on a floor and to measure a floor contact position, a floor contact area and a floor contact pressure of the user, the plurality of pressure and position sensors comprising identical sensors; and
a motion analyzer configured to identify characteristics of the motion of the body based on at least one of the measured floor contact position, the measured floor contact area, and the measured floor contact pressure of the user, and to identify the motion type of the body corresponding to the identified characteristics of the motion of the body among the plurality of motion types of the body identified based on the photographed images, the plurality of motion types of the body being different from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,247,625

APPARATUS FOR CORRECTING OF TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT SIGNAL

LSIS CO., LTD., Anyang-s...

1. An apparatus for correcting a temperature sensing signal, the apparatus comprising:an insulated gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) temperature sensing device comprising
a negative temperature coefficient (NTC) thermistor,
a first voltage distributing resistor connected between an input terminal of an output limiting diode and a driving power supply,
a second voltage distributing resistor connected between the input terminal of the output limiting diode and a ground, and
a current limiting resistor connected between an output terminal of the output limiting diode and the driving power supply,
wherein the IGBT temperature sensing device is configured to output only a temperature sensing signal having a voltage value equal to or higher than a preset voltage value, by using the output limiting diode, and
wherein the NTC thermistor is connected between the input terminal of the output limiting diode and the ground, and the second voltage distributing resistor is connected in parallel to the NTC thermistor; and
a temperature sensing signal corrector comprising
a calculating part configured to calculate a conduction current value of the output limiting diode by using the resistance of the NTC thermistor included in the IGBT temperature sensing device,
a determining part configured to determine a drop voltage value of a voltage drop occurring in the output limiting diode based on the conduction current value, and
a correcting part configured to correct the temperature sensing signal by increasing the voltage of the temperature sensing signal output from the IGBT temperature sensing device by the drop voltage value,
wherein the correcting part controls the increased voltage of the temperature sensing signal.

US Pat. No. 10,247,624

SELF-CALIBRATED THERMAL SENSORS OF AN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DIE

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A thermal sensing device, the device comprising:a resonator to oscillate at a frequency corresponding with a temperature of circuitry of an integrated circuit (IC) die, wherein the resonator is disposed on an active side of the IC die, and thermally coupled with the circuitry to operate in a first mode or a second mode;
an actuation electrode disposed on the IC die to activate oscillation of the resonator to provide a first mode oscillation or a second mode oscillation; and
an automatic level control (ALC) module, wherein the ALC module is to provide a level of gain for the first mode oscillation or the second mode oscillation.

US Pat. No. 10,247,623

IN-TANK VALVE

KEIHIN CORPORATION, Toky...

1. An in-tank valve disposed in a tank in which a high pressure gas is stored in interior thereof, and including in the interior of the tank a detector configured to detect a temperature of the high pressure gas, the detector comprising:a sensor configured to detect the temperature;
wiring connected to the sensor; and
a casing including a fixing member configured to fix the sensor in interior of the casing, at least part of the wiring being accommodated in the casing;
wherein an outer circumferential surface of the casing includes a wiring port through which the wiring is taken out to exterior of the casing, and a flat portion extending along an axial direction of the casing and positioned on an inner side of an outermost circumferential surface of the casing,
the wiring port opens in a direction that is inclined with respect to the axial direction of the casing, and the wiring port is defined by chamfered walls.

US Pat. No. 10,247,622

TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT DEVICE AND TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT METHOD

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A temperature measurement device comprising:an optical fiber that is arranged along a predetermined path;
a light source configured to input a light into the optical fiber;
a measurer configured to measure each temperature of each position in an extension direction of the optical fiber based on a back-scattering light from the optical fiber; and
a corrector configured to make a filter for reducing a noise component of temperatures measured by the measurer based on each difference of a part of the temperatures measured by the measurer at each position corresponding to each other between two different regions of the optical fiber in which common temperatures are obtained, and correct the temperatures measured by the measurer by applying the filter to the temperatures measured by the measurer.

US Pat. No. 10,247,621

HIGH RESOLUTION TEMPERATURE SENSOR

SiTime Corporation, Sant...

1. A microelectromechanical-system (MEMS) temperature sensor comprising:first and second MEMS resonators to generate respective first and second clock signals;
a locked-loop reference clock generator to generate a reference clock signal having a frequency that is phase-locked to at least one of the first and second clock signals; and
a frequency-ratio engine that oversamples at least one of the first and second clock signals using the reference clock signal to generate, as an indication of temperature, a ratio of the frequencies of the first and second clock signals;
wherein the locked-loop reference clock generator phase-locks the reference clock signal to the first clock signal and wherein the frequency-ratio engine comprises a phase quantizer that generates a stream of quantization values indicative of (i) a frequency ratio between the second clock signal and the reference clock signal and (ii), by virtue of the phase-lock between the reference clock signal and the first clock signal, a frequency ratio between the second clock signal and the first clock signal.

US Pat. No. 10,247,620

WIRING BOARD AND TEMPERATURE SENSING ELEMENT

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. A wiring board, comprising:an insulating substrate composed of a stack of a plurality of insulating layers, the insulating substrate having an upper face, a lower face, and side faces; and
a plurality of line conductors formed of platinum or a metallic material comprising platinum as a main component, the plurality of line conductors each including a first end and a second end located on a side opposite to the first end, the plurality of line conductors being respectively disposed in interlayers between the plurality of insulating layers,
in the line conductors, a line width of a line conductor located in an interlayer among the interlayers which interlayer is closest to the upper face or the lower face of the insulating substrate being greater than a line width of a line conductor located in each of the other interlayers.

US Pat. No. 10,247,619

RESISTANCE TEMPERATURE DETECTOR WITH MEDIUM TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT AND HIGH LINEARITY

VISHAY MEASUREMENTS GROUP...

1. A resistance temperature detector (RTD), comprising:a temperature sensing circuit including a first connection point for a first lead formed from a first material and a second connection point for a second lead formed from the first material, and having a single conductive element extending from the first connection point to the second connection point, the conductive element is formed from a metal having a temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR) from about 10 ppm/° F. to about 1000 ppm/° F.

US Pat. No. 10,247,618

ACTIVE GROUNDED THERMOCOUPLE AND METHOD OF OPERATION

Watlow Electric Manufactu...

1. A temperature measurement system comprising:at least one grounded thermocouple operable to measure a temperature;
a processor in communication with the at least one grounded thermocouple, the processor being configured to receive the temperature measured from the at least one grounded thermocouple; and
a power supply coupled to the at least one grounded thermocouple and the processor, the power supply configured to receive a voltage input and generate an isolated voltage, wherein the at least one grounded thermocouple is selectively biased with the isolated voltage from the power supply during measurement of the temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,247,617

MIDDLE-OF-LINE (MOL) METAL RESISTOR TEMPERATURE SENSORS FOR LOCALIZED TEMPERATURE SENSING OF ACTIVE SEMICONDUCTOR AREAS IN INTEGRATED CIRCUITS (ICS)

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A middle-of-line (MOL) temperature sensor for an integrated circuit (IC), comprising:an active semiconductor layer;
a metal resistor having a resistance and comprising a first metal material disposed in an MOL layer disposed above the active semiconductor layer, wherein the resistance of the metal resistor is a function of an ambient temperature of the metal resistor;
a first contact disposed above the metal resistor in the MOL layer, the first contact electrically coupled to a first contact area of the metal resistor;
a second contact disposed above the metal resistor in the MOL layer, the second contact electrically coupled to a second contact area of the metal resistor, wherein the metal resistor has a resistance between the first contact area and the second contact area;
a first interconnect disposed in a first interconnect layer above the MOL layer in the active semiconductor layer, the first interconnect layer electrically coupled to the first contact to electrically couple the first interconnect to the first contact area of the metal resistor; and
a second interconnect disposed in a second interconnect layer above the MOL layer in the active semiconductor layer, the second interconnect layer electrically coupled to the second contact to electrically couple the second interconnect to the second contact area of the metal resistor,
wherein the MOL layer has a thickness of approximately eighteen (18) nanometers (nm) or less.

US Pat. No. 10,247,616

ELECTRONICS DEVICE

Renesas Electronics Corpo...

1. An electronics device, comprising:a power semiconductor device;
a first semiconductor integrated circuit device which drives the power semiconductor device; and
a second semiconductor integrated circuit device which controls the first semiconductor integrated circuit device,
wherein the power semiconductor device includes:
a switching transistor, and
a temperature detection diode,
wherein the first semiconductor integrated circuit device includes:
a drive circuit which drives the switching transistor, and
a detection circuit which detects forward voltage (VF) from the temperature detection diode, and
wherein the second semiconductor integrated circuit device includes:
a control circuit configured to control the drive circuit,
an outside air temperature acquisition circuit configured to acquire outside air temperature information and capable of acquiring the outside air temperature information from outside of the electronics device,
a communication interface circuit configured to acquire temperature characteristic data of the temperature detection diode, the temperature characteristic data being provided from outside of the electronics device,
a storage which stores the temperature characteristic data and a first value which is based on a signal from the detection circuit at a first temperature, and
a temperature arithmetic processing circuit configured to calculate a temperature of the power semiconductor device from a third value which is based on a signal from the detection circuit, the temperature characteristic data, the first temperature which has been acquired by the outside air temperature acquisition circuit and the first value.

US Pat. No. 10,247,615

SENSOR ASSEMBLIES AND METHODS OF MAKING SAME

DUNAN SENSING, LLC, San ...

1. A sensor assembly comprising:a metal housing with an internal cavity, a port and a tubular section providing access from the port to the cavity;
a sensor package located inside the cavity and including a thermal sensor, a sensor package bottom surface, and a sensor port in the sensor package bottom surface wherein the sensor port provides access to a sensor through the sensor package;
a bushing with a body having a first end and a second end and a longitudinal axis formed therebetween, the bushing further comprising a flange on the first end of the body, the flange extending out past an outside surface of the body, the bushing further comprising a top surface and a bottom, the top surface formed by a top surface of the flange and the bottom formed by the second end, the bushing further comprising a through hole that extends completely through the bushing along the longitudinal axis, wherein the bushing is made from a material with a thermal conductivity greater than or equal to 375 W/m-K and wherein the top surface of the bushing is coupled to the bottom surface of the sensor package such that the through hole is aligned with the sensor port and the bottom of the bushing extends down into the tubular section towards the port;
a coupling with a second body having a third end and a fourth end and a second longitudinal axis formed therebetween, the coupling comprising a second flange on the third end of the second body, the second flange extending out past a second outside surface of the second body, the coupling further comprising a second top surface and a second bottom, the second top surface formed by a top surface of the second flange and the second bottom formed by the fourth end, the coupling further comprising a second through hole that extends completely through the coupling along the second longitudinal axis and wherein the coupling is made from a material with a thermal conductivity less than or equal to 25 W/m-K and wherein the coupling is assembled to the sensor between the bushing and the housing such that the second outside surface is adjacent to the housing and an inside surface of the second through hole is adjacent to the outside surface; and
a gasket assembled between the second top surface and a bottom surface of the flange.

US Pat. No. 10,247,614

PASSIVE DETECTORS FOR IMAGING SYSTEMS

Digital Direct IR, Inc., ...

1. A device, comprising:a substrate;
a photon detector formed on the substrate, wherein the photon detector comprises:
a piezoelectric resonator member configured to generate an output signal having a frequency or period of oscillation;
an unpowered detector member, wherein the unpowered detector member is configured for photon exposure, wherein the unpowered detector member comprises a material having a thermal coefficient of expansion that causes the unpowered detector member to distort due to said photon exposure, wherein the unpowered detector member is further configured to apply a mechanical force to the piezoelectric resonator member due to said distortion of the unpowered detector member, and cause a change in the frequency or period of oscillation of the output signal generated by the piezoelectric resonator member due to said mechanical force applied to the piezoelectric resonator member;
wherein the unpowered detector member substantially or completely covers the piezoelectric resonator member to minimize or prevent photon exposure of the piezoelectric resonator member; and
digital circuitry configured to (i) determine the frequency or period of oscillation of the output signal generated by the piezoelectric resonator member as a result of the mechanical force applied to the piezoelectric resonator member by the unpowered detector member, and to (ii) determine an amount of said photon exposure based on the determined frequency or period of oscillation of the output signal generated by the piezoelectric resonator member.

US Pat. No. 10,247,613

OPTICAL HEAD TRACKING AND OBJECT TRACKING WITHOUT THE USE OF FIDUCIALS

ROCKWELL COLLINS, INC., ...

1. A method of determining the angular orientation of headgear, the headgear having tracking points being at least four tracking points, the relative position of the tracking points being calibrated and stored as relative position information, each of the tracking points comprising an infra-red (IR) reflective point, the method comprising:filtering light reflected from at least some of the at least four tracking points of the headgear to allow only light in an IR wavelength band to pass;
processing the filtered IR light to provide a detected image including at least some of the at least four tracking points;
identifying at least some of the at least four tracking points in the detected image, and determining the position of the identified tracking points in the detected image; and
determining the angular orientation of the headgear in multiple different angular directions based on the stored relative position information and the position of the identified tracking points.

US Pat. No. 10,247,612

DETECTING DEVICE

Total Thermal Vision S.R....

1. A detecting device of a thermographic image, comprising:a thermal camera sensitive to infrared radiation for acquiring the thermographic image;
a protective case internally of which the thermal camera is inserted,
the protective case including a window through which the thermal camera is able to acquire the thermographic image,
a screen arranged externally of the protective case and mobile between a first operating position in which the screen is superposed on the window to protect the window from environmental disturbances and a second operating position in which the screen is shifted from the window to enable the thermal camera to acquire the thermographic image,
a pneumatic air supply system internally of the protective case and including an external inlet positioned externally of the protective case,
wherein the pneumatic air supply system comprises an air adjusting and distributing mechanism positioned and operatively active internally of the protective case and in communication with the external inlet, the air adjusting and distributing mechanism comprising a plurality of solenoid valves in communication with the external inlet and a plurality of conduits in communication with the plurality of solenoid valves,
a computerised control and command unit for controlling and commanding the plurality of solenoid valves.

US Pat. No. 10,247,611

ENHANCED DETECTOR OPERATION MADE POSSIBLE BY APPLICATION OF A FUNCTIONAL PLURALITY OF GRATINGS AND COMBINATION DICHROIC BEAM SPLITTER-PRISMS

J.A. WOOLIAM CO., INC., ...

1. A system for producing, and detecting in multi-channel detectors, a plurality of separate wavelength ranges from a spectroscopic beam incident thereupon, said system comprising a sequence of at least two elements, each thereof being selected from the group consisting of:a grating which when presented with an incident spectroscopic beam of electromagnetic radiation produces a spectrum of diffracted dispersed wavelengths and simultaneous therewith an altered spectral content reflected beam of electromagnetic radiation; and
a combination dichroic beam splitter-prism which when presented with a spectroscopic beam of electromagnetic radiation produces a spectrum of dispersed wavelengths that transmit through and exit from said prism, and simultaneous therewith an altered spectral content reflected beam of electromagnetic radiation;such that in use a spectroscopic beam of electromagnetic radiation is caused to impinge onto a first selected element such that a spectrum of dispersed wavelengths is produced which dispersed wavelengths are, without the requirement of additional processing, directed toward a first multi-channel detector, simultaneous with production of a reflected altered spectral content reflected beam of electromagnetic radiation, at least some of which is directed to impinge on a second selected element which likewise produces a spectrum of dispersed wavelengths, which dispersed wavelengths are, without the requirement of additional processing, directed toward a second multi-channel detector.

US Pat. No. 10,247,610

CHROMATIC CONFOCAL SENSOR AND MEASUREMENT METHOD

MITUTOYO CORPORATION, Ka...

1. A chromatic confocal sensor, comprising:a light source portion that emits a plurality of light beams having different wavelengths;
a plurality of optical heads that converge the plurality of light beams emitted from the light source portion at different focal positions and emit measurement light reflected by a measurement point at the focal positions;
a spectrometer including
a line sensor, and
an optical system that includes a diffraction grating that diffracts a plurality of measurement light beams emitted from the plurality of optical heads, and emits each of the plurality of measurement light beams diffracted by the diffraction grating to a plurality of different light-receiving areas of the line sensor; and
a position calculation portion that calculates a position of each of a plurality of measurement points as a measurement target of the plurality of optical heads based on a light-receiving position of each of the plurality of light-receiving areas of the line sensor, wherein the line sensor is arranged while using a predetermined reference axis as a reference, and
the optical system is configured while using the predetermined reference axis as a reference and includes a plurality of light-incident ports that the plurality of measurement light beams enter, the plurality of light-incident ports being provided at different positions while using the predetermined reference axis as a reference.

US Pat. No. 10,247,609

SPECTROMETRY DEVICE, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND SPECTROMETRY METHOD

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A spectrometry device comprising:a spectroscope that includes a light source that emits illumination light to a measurement target, a condenser that condenses light from the light source at the measurement target, a reflecting mirror that reflects light incident from the measurement target onto an optical axis of an interference filter that performs spectroscopy on light incident from the measurement target, and a light receiver that detects an intensity of the light that is transmitted through the interference filter;
an extraneous light detector that detects an intensity of extraneous light; and
a light intensity control unit that controls an intensity of the illumination light emitted from the light source such that a light intensity ratio of the illumination light emitted from the light source and the extraneous light detected by the extraneous light detector is equal to a light intensity ratio of an illumination light and an extraneous light determined during a calibration procedure of the spectroscope,
wherein the light intensity control unit controls the light intensity ratio to be constant at all times by maintaining the light intensity ratio to be equal to the light intensity ratio of the illumination light and the extraneous light determined during the calibration procedure of the spectroscope.

US Pat. No. 10,247,608

SPECTROSCOPIC MODULE CONTROL METHOD

Panasonic Corporation, O...

1. A method of controlling a spectroscopic module for dispersing a measurement light beam and detecting dispersed light,the spectroscopic module comprising:
a measurement light source configured to emit the measurement light beam;
a reference light source configured to emit a reference light beam of a known single wavelength;
a variable-wavelength optical filter configured to output an interference light beam based on the measurement light beam or reference light beam by multiple reflection; and
a photodiode configured to detect the interference light beam,
wherein the variable-wavelength optical filter includes a pair of opposed reflectors and a driver that lets a gap between the pair of reflectors undergo displacement by receiving of a drive signal, and
the spectroscopic module has a conversion circuit configured to convert a voltage of the drive signal into gap displacement data by a first conversion formula for a piezoelectric drive method and to convert the gap displacement data into data about an interference wavelength of the variable-wavelength optical filter by a second conversion formula for an interference of light,
the method comprising:
detecting two maximum points corresponding to orders of the interference light beam based on the reference light beam from the photodiode;
updating the first conversion formula through use of results obtained from the two points;
defining an absolute value of the gap; and
alternating dispersing the measurement light beam and rewriting the first conversion formula by the reference light beam.

US Pat. No. 10,247,607

OPTICAL ARRANGEMENT FOR A SPECTRAL ANALYSIS SYSTEM, METHOD FOR ITS PRODUCTION, AND SPECTRAL ANALYSIS SYSTEM

1. An optical arrangement for a spectral analysis system comprising:a carrier substrate comprising:
a placement area for a frame; and
a base area; and
a diffraction grating movably arranged in the frame, wherein the frame is arranged on the placement area in an inclined placement position with respect to the base area so that the diffraction grating, arranged in a base position, is inclined with respect to the base area.

US Pat. No. 10,247,606

LONG WAVELENGTH INFRARED DETECTION AND IMAGING WITH LONG WAVELENGTH INFRARED SOURCE

1. An infrared detection system, comprising:a laser source comprising an optical parametric oscillator having a pump laser and a nonlinear medium, the laser source providing output radiation for illuminating a target, wherein the output radiation excludes a broadband output and is tuned to at least one wavelength in the fingerprint region of the infrared spectrum, and both an idler beam and a signal beam of the optical parametric laser are provided by the laser source,
wherein the idler beam is tuned to provide output radiation at least partly within the fingerprint region and the signal beam is tuned to provide output radiation at least partly at shorter wavelengths than in the fingerprint region;
wherein the idler beam, the signal beam, or both the idler beam and the signal beam of the optical parametric laser are provided as output radiation;
a detector configured to detect radiation backscattered from the target, wherein the detector comprises an imaging system;
an analyser adapted to match detected radiation signals against predetermined spectra to determine from at least the presence or absence of detected signal in said at least one wavelength whether a predetermined volatile compound is present; and
an imager adapted to provide an image of the target including an indication of whether the predetermined volatile compound is present.

US Pat. No. 10,247,605

AUTOMATIC REAL-TIME WAVELENGTH CALIBRATION OF FIBER-OPTIC-BASED SPECTROMETERS

Filmetrics, Inc., San Di...

1. A system comprising:a calibration light source;
a calibration optical fiber connected to the calibration light source and to an input slit of a spectrometer, wherein the calibration optical fiber transmits a first light output of the calibration light source to the spectrometer via the input slit; and
an input optical fiber connected to a test light source and to the input slit, wherein the input optical fiber transmits a second light output of the test light source to the spectrometer via the input slit, wherein the calibration light source and the test light source are each separately controlled to simultaneously direct light into the input slit.

US Pat. No. 10,247,604

SPECTROMETER, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A SPECTROMETER, AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A SPECTROMETER

INFINEON TECHNOLOGIES AG,...

1. A spectrometer, comprising:a first mirror unit which is semitransparent for electromagnetic radiation of at least one wavelength or wavelength range; and
a second mirror unit comprising a first area and a second area facing the first mirror unit, wherein at least a part of the first area and the second area are spaced apart from the first mirror unit, wherein the first area is at least partially reflective for the electromagnetic radiation of at least one wavelength or wavelength range, wherein the second area comprises at least a part of a photodetector, and wherein the photodetector is configured to detect the electromagnetic radiation of at least one wavelength or wavelength range.

US Pat. No. 10,247,603

ULTRAVIOLET-SENSITIVE SHEET, ULTRAVIOLET-SENSING KIT, AND METHOD FOR SENSING ULTRAVIOLET

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. An ultraviolet-sensing kit comprising:a sheet containing an ultraviolet-sensing layer and a film for adjusting ultraviolet-sensitivity;
wherein the sheet containing an ultraviolet-sensing layer comprises a support and an ultraviolet-sensing layer in this order;
the sheet containing an ultraviolet-sensing layer and the film for adjusting ultraviolet-sensitivity are separately provided, are not laminated to each other, and are used together as the kit;
the ultraviolet-sensing layer comprises capsules containing a photo-oxidant and a leuco dye capable of developing color by the photo-oxidant;
the mass ratio of the photo-oxidant and the leuco dye is 0.2 to 1.0:1; and
the leuco dye is present in an amount of 0.1 to 1.0 g per 1 m2 of a surface area of the ultraviolet-sensing layer.

US Pat. No. 10,247,602

CONFOCAL MEASURING DEVICE

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. A confocal measuring device using a confocal optical system, the confocal measuring device comprising:a light source that emits light having a plurality of wavelengths;
a first diffractive lens that causes chromatic aberration in the light emitted from the light source;
a second diffractive lens that increases chromatic aberration of light passing through the first diffractive lens;
an objective lens that condenses light passing through the second diffractive lens into a measurement target range along an optical axis such that the condensed light has chromatic aberration along the optical axis;
a measurement part that measures strength of light of a wavelength focused on a measurement target object among light condensed by the objective lens; and
a first divergence optical part at an objective lens side of the first diffractive lens for diverging light.

US Pat. No. 10,247,601

METHOD FOR MONITORING RADIATION

KUKA DETUSCHLAND GMBH, A...

9. An apparatus for monitoring a radiation, in particular a laser radiation, the apparatus comprising:an optical sensor arranged to receive said radiation;
said optical sensor being arranged to monitor a dark current pulse rate of said optical sensor;
said optical sensor being arranged for generating a shut-off signal of said radiation if the dark current pulse rate of the sensor drops below a minimum pulse rate.

US Pat. No. 10,247,600

MODE-MATCHING OF MEMS RESONATORS

Analog Devices, Inc., No...

1. A method for operating a device having a first mechanical resonator with a first resonance frequency and a second mechanical resonator with a second resonance frequency, the method comprising:generating an impulse response of a transfer function of the first mechanical resonator by driving a noise signal to the first mechanical resonator and cross-correlating the noise signal with a signal representing or derived from an output signal of the first mechanical resonator; and
determining a difference between the first resonance frequency of the first mechanical resonator and the second resonance frequency of the second mechanical resonator using the impulse response of the transfer function of the first mechanical resonator.

US Pat. No. 10,247,599

ROTATING MACHINE ABNORMALITY DETECTION DEVICE AND METHOD AND ROTATING MACHINE

Kobe Steel, Ltd., Hyogo ...

1. A rotating machine abnormality detection device for detecting an abnormality in a rotating machine including a rotary member rotatable about a predetermined axis, comprising:an ultrasonic wave measuring section for measuring a vibration in an ultrasonic wave band caused by the rotary member;
an abnormality detecting section for detecting an initial abnormality in the rotating machine based on first measurement data obtained by the ultrasonic wave measuring section; and
a vibration measuring section for measuring a vibration in an audible band caused by the rotary member, wherein
the abnormality detecting section determines, after detecting the initial abnormality, at least one of an abnormality type and an abnormality degree based on second measurement data obtained by the vibration measuring section,
the rotary member includes a pair of sub rotary members engageable with each other, and a casing housing the pair of sub rotary members,
abnormality types include a first abnormality in which the sub rotary members come into contact with each other, and a second abnormality in which at least one of the sub rotary members comes into contact with the casing, and
the ultrasonic wave measuring section and the vibration measuring section are mounted on an outer surface of the casing.

US Pat. No. 10,247,598

METHOD FOR DISPLAYING THE WEIGHING RESULT OF A SCALE

1. A method for displaying a weighing result of a scale on a mobile display device, the scale having a unique identifier, in which method the mobile display device establishes a secure, wireless communication connection with the scale and displays the unique identifier of the scale after successfully establishing the connection.

US Pat. No. 10,247,597

FUEL PUMP ASSEMBLY

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A fuel pump assembly, comprising:an attachment section including an upper telescoping section having an outer portion and a support rod that extends into the outer portion for telescoping movement with respect thereto, the support rod further extending downward from the outer portion;
a pump housing supported to a lower end of the support rod of the attachment section;
a sender unit including a float configured to move linearly in a vertical direction relative to the pump housing in response to changes in level of fuel within the fuel tank; and
a positioning mechanism attached to the pump housing and attached to the sender unit, the positioning mechanism being located between the pump housing and the sender unit, the positioning mechanism including a first positioning mechanism configured such that the sender unit is rotatable about the pump housing for adjustment of a radial position of the sender unit relative to the pump housing, and a second positioning mechanism for adjusting a vertical position of the sender unit relative to the pump housing,
the upper telescoping section of the attachment section being configured such that the pump housing is movable between a first position and a second position, such that in the first position the pump housing is retained by the upper telescoping section a first distance away from the attachment section and in the second position the pump housing is located a second distance away from the attachment section, the first distance being greater than the second distance.

US Pat. No. 10,247,596

LEVEL MEASUREMENT DEVICE

1. Level measurement device for measuring a level (L) of a product, in particular a product contained in a container, comprising:mounting means for mounting said measurement device at a measurement site,
an antenna comprising a dielectric antenna element consisting of a dielectric material for transmitting microwave signals (S) towards the product and/or for receiving echo signals (R) resulting from reflections of the transmitted microwave signals, and
measurement electronics for determining the level of the product based on a transit time needed for the microwave signals to travel to a surface of the product and of their echo signals to return to the device,
wherein the device further comprises a cap covering said dielectric antenna element, and a cleaning means causing said cap to vibrate when said cleaning means is activated for cleaning said cap,
wherein said cap is spaced apart from a front surface of said antenna element, through which said microwave signals are to be transmitted and/or received, which is small and at the same time large enough to allow for the cap to vibrate freely, in particular by a distance of the order of the size of an amplitude of the vibration of the cap.

US Pat. No. 10,247,595

SOAP DISPENSING DEVICE HAVING SOAP REPLENISHING NOTIFICATION FUNCTION

Hokwang Industries Co., L...

1. A soap dispensing device having a soap replenishing notification function, which is provided on a countertop and automatically dispenses a liquid soap, comprising:a liquid soap container, used for containing the liquid soap and internally provided with a liquid level detection unit for detecting a liquid level state of the liquid soap and emitting a liquid soap replenishing signal;
a soap dispensing body, comprising an outer shell arranged on the countertop, a soap filling pipe provided inside the outer shell and communicated to the liquid soap container, a cover plate that covers and encloses the soap filling pipe, at least one light emitting assembly provided inside the outer shell and capable of emitting light to form a liquid soap replenishing light display area on the outer shell, an induction area provided with an inductor and emitting an induction signal, and a soap dispensing head connected to the outer shell, a light-transmitting neck portion which is annularly provided on the cover plate being provided at a position, close to the cover plate of the soap filling pipe, the light-transmitting neck portion being partially exposed to the outer shell to enable light emitted from the light emitting assembly to form the liquid soap replenishing light display area through the light-transmitting neck portion, the soap dispensing head being provided with at least one soap outlet for supplying the liquid soap and a gas outlet connected to the liquid soap container using an exhaust pipe;
a soap dispenser, connected to the liquid soap container and comprising a soap discharging pipeline which is connected to the soap outlet to deliver the liquid soap contained in the liquid soap container to the soap outlet; and
a control box, electrically connected to the liquid level detection unit, the inductor, the light emitting assembly and the soap dispenser respectively to receive the liquid soap replenishing signal and the induction signal emitted under the liquid level state, and impel the light emitting assembly to emit light according to the liquid soap replenishing signal to form the liquid soap replenishing light display area on the soap dispensing body, and control the soap dispenser according to the induction signal such that the liquid soap is provided from the liquid soap container using the soap discharging pipeline to the soap outlet and is dispensed.

US Pat. No. 10,247,594

METER BYPASS ADAPTER

Georg Fischer Central Pla...

1. A meter bypass adapter comprising:a body having:
a first port;
a second port;
a third port; and
a fourth port; and
at least one valve element mounted in the body for a linear shift between:
a first position wherein a flowpath is open from the first port to the second port and a flowpath is open from the third port to the fourth port without a direct flowpath from the first port to the fourth port; and
a second position wherein a flowpath extends from the first port to the fourth port bypassing the second port and the third port; and
a single rotary actuator held by the body to rotate about an axis and, in turn, shift the least one valve element between the first position and the second position,whereinthe at least one valve element comprises a first valve element and a second valve element;
the first valve element and the second valve element each have a toothed rack; and
the actuator has a pinion engaged to the toothed rack of the first valve element and the second valve element.

US Pat. No. 10,247,593

HOUSING FOR A MAGNETO INDUCTIVE FLOW MEASURING DEVICE

1. An apparatus for measuring flow of a fluid through a measuring tube using the magneto inductive measuring principle, comprising components as follows:a magnet system for producing a constant magnetic field perpendicular to the flow direction of the fluid;
at least two measuring electrodes coupling with the fluid and secured on a measuring tube subsection for sensing an induced voltage;
at least one electronics unit for signal registration, evaluation and/or power supply; and
a housing, wherein:
said housing bounds and protects against the environment said measuring tube subsection and at least one other component secured outwardly thereto on the side facing away from the fluid;
said housing is manufactured at least partially of a thermoplastic material, which encases with accurate fit said measuring tube subsection and the at least one other component secured thereto; and
said thermoplastic material is shrunk onto said measuring tube subsection and the at least one other component of the apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,247,592

ADJUSTABLE DOSING DISPENSERS AND METHODS FOR USING THE SAME

Silgan Dispensing Systems...

1. A dispensing device, comprising:a container comprising an opening and an internal volume; a dispenser fixed about the opening of the container, the dispenser comprising;
a base secured to said container and having an inlet and an outlet, and a dispensing nozzle extending from the outlet;
a shroud including a cap portion received about the base and a spout portion received about the dispensing nozzle; and
a dispenser head having a transparent or translucent dosing chamber portion at least partially defined by an interior of the dispenser head, wherein the dosing chamber has at least a first volume when the dispenser head is nearest the container and a second volume when the dispenser head is moved in a vertical direction away from the container, the second volume being greater than the first volume;
said dosing chamber portion extending through said cap portion of said shroud, wherein said dispenser head is movable in a direction away from the container and in a direction toward the container;
said dispenser head including a lever portion projecting radially outward through a gap in said cap portion of said shroud wherein said lever is operable for moving said dispenser head in an axial direction away from and towards said container;
said cap portion of said shroud including at least one guide path for guiding movement of said lever portion of said dispenser head for dispensing either said first volume or said second volume.

US Pat. No. 10,247,591

EXPERIMENTAL DEVICE FOR DEBRIS FLOW SIMULATION

INSTITUTE OF MOUNTAIN HAZ...

1. An experimental device for debris flow simulation, comprising:a material supply device,
a flow channel,
a stacking groove,
a pole,
a first high-speed camera,
a second high-speed camera,
at least three fixing frames, and
a sliding rail;
wherein
the material supply device is configured to store the debris flow simulation material and release the debris flow simulation material to the flow channel, so as to realize a start of the debris flow simulation;
the flow channel is provided in a slant manner;
the flow channel is configured to introduce debris flow simulation material towards a direction of the stacking groove;
a position of a side surface of the flow channel is adjustable to change an overall width of the flow channel;
one end of the stacking groove is connected to the flow channel for an accumulation of the debris flow;
a plurality of fixing holes are provided inside the stacking groove;
a protective structure of debris flow is mounted inside the fixing hole;
the debris flow protective structure is configured to simulate an impact of the debris flow on the protective structure;
a position of a side surface of the stacking groove is adjustable to change an overall width of the stacking groove;
the pole is provided at an other end of the stacking groove;
the pole is configured to support the stacking groove and adjust a slope of the stacking groove;
the at least three fixing frames are arranged side-by-side right above the flow channel;
the at least three fixing frames are configured to fix the first high-speed camera, so that the first high-speed camera is configured to monitor a movement of the debris flow at different positions and angles above the flow channel;
the sliding rail is arranged beside the flow channel;
the sliding rail is parallel to the flow channel;
the second high-speed camera is provided on the sliding rail;
the second high-speed camera is movable along the sliding rail; and
the second high-speed camera is configured to monitor the movement of the debris flow in the flow channel from a side.

US Pat. No. 10,247,590

BALANCING VALVE FOR ADJUSTING THE DISTRIBUTION OF FLUIDS IN MULTIPLE PIPES

WATTS INDUSTRIES ITALIA S...

1. A balancing valve for adjusting a flow rate of a liquid fluid flowing inside a pipe from upstream to downstream in a longitudinal direction of flow, the balancing valve comprising:a check valve and a tubular element configured to simulate a Venturi tube, said check valve and said tubular element being coaxially connected, respectively, from upstream to downstream in the longitudinal direction of flow of the liquid fluid;
a device configured to detect a differential pressure, which occurs inside the balancing valve between a first inside of a first chamber upstream of the check valve and communicating therewith and a second inside of a central cylindrical portion of the tubular element, wherein the device is configured to measure the differential pressure that is a combination of a head loss occurring across the check valve and of a variation in pressure referable to the tubular element simulating a Venturi tube, whereby at low flow rates the differential pressure is largely created by the check valve and at high flow rates the differential pressure is largely created by the simulated Venturi tube; and
a valve configured to adjust the flow rate of the liquid fluid which flows inside the pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,247,589

FLUID LEVEL MONITOR

KSR IP HOLDINGS, LLC, Wi...

1. A fluid level monitor incorporated into a fuel tank, comprising:a stationary supported housing mounted inside the tank having a gear assembly, a float arm pivotally secured to said gear assembly;
a sensor module further including a housing cover mounted to a flange, a periphery of said flange mounting to the tank;
said housing cover further including a pair of bosses having apertures, fasteners inserting through the apertures in said bosses and into additional apertures configured within collar shaped pedestal portions extending upwardly from said flange to secure said housing cover;
said sensor module incorporating a rotational position sensor interconnected to said gear assembly by a rod;
displacement of said float arm producing a signal indicative of a fluid level within the tank.

US Pat. No. 10,247,588

PIEZOELECTRIC KARMAN VORTEX FLOWMETER

SURPASS INDUSTRY CO., LTD...

1. A Karman vortex flowmeter comprising:a main body defining a flow passage configured for a flow of a fluid therethrough along a flow direction;
a vortex generator positioned in the flow passage and thereby configured to generate Karman vortexes in a fluid flowing through the flow passage; and
a flow rate measurement unit positioned on a downstream side of the vortex generator in the flow direction, and configured to measure the Karman vortexes generated by the vortex generator to thereby obtain a flow rate of the fluid, wherein the flow rate measurement unit includes:
a piezoelectric element comprising a piezoelectric material formed in a plate shape, and further comprising a pair of electrodes joined to the piezoelectric material;
a housing unit comprising a pair of plate-shaped parts and a bottom, the pair of plate-shaped parts and the bottom being integrally formed by a resin material; and
a pair of thin film parts formed of a metal material with higher corrosion resistance to a corrosive fluid environment than the pair of electrodes;
the housing unit houses the piezoelectric element in a state where the piezoelectric element is sandwiched by the pair of plate-shaped parts integrally formed by a resin material;
the housing unit is attached to the main body to position the piezoelectric element in the flow passage;
the pair of thin film parts are positioned between the pair of plate-shaped parts and the pair of electrodes;
the pair of the thin film parts comprises a first thin film part and a second film part and the pair of electrodes comprises a first electrode and a second electrode;
the first thin film part is joined with the first electrode so as to cover an outside surface of the first electrode;
the second thin film part is joined with the second electrode so as to cover an outside surface of the second electrode;
a first outer peripheral surface of the piezoelectric element is adhered to an inner peripheral surface of one plate-shaped part of the pair of plate-shaped parts; and
a second outer peripheral surface of the piezoelectric element is adhered to an inner peripheral surface of the other plate-shaped part of the pair of plate-shaped parts.

US Pat. No. 10,247,587

OPERATION INPUT DETECTION DEVICE

AISIN SEIKI KABUSHIKI KAI...

1. An operation input detection device, comprising:an operation input section configured to be provided on a vehicle surface;
a capacitive sensor, wherein a sensor output of the capacitive sensor changes as an object to be detected approaches or separates from the operation input section;
an operation input detecting section, which detects an operation input to the operation input section based on the sensor output of the capacitive sensor; and
a sensor calibration section, which executes calibration of the capacitive sensor, wherein
the sensor calibration section includes an irregular calibration section,
wherein the irregular calibration section executes the calibration if the sensor output that has changed in a same direction as when the object to be detected approaches the operation input section exceeds a first threshold value, and the sensor output subsequently changes in an opposite direction and exceeds a second threshold value set in the opposite direction within a predetermined time.

US Pat. No. 10,247,586

SENSOR FOR A FINGERBOARD LATCH ASSEMBLY

Salunda Limited, Oxfords...

1. A sensor system for a fingerboard latch assembly including a latch, the sensor system comprising:a processor;
a sensor assembly including
at least one sensor arranged to sense a position of the latch;
a sensor circuit connected to the at least one sensor and arranged to derive a signal representing the position of the latch; and
a communication circuit arranged to communicate the signal representing the position of the latch,
wherein the processor is arranged to determine at least one parameter of motion of the latch from the signal representing the position of the latch, wherein the at least one parameter of motion includes at least one of:
speed of the latch;
acceleration of the latch;
overshoot of the latch and;
vibration of the latch,
wherein the processor is further arranged to analyze the determined parameter of motion of the latch and on the basis thereof making a prediction, wherein the prediction includes at least one of
failure of the latch; and
condition of the latch.

US Pat. No. 10,247,585

ADAPTER WITH EMBEDDED FILTER COMPONENTS FOR SENSORS

1. A module for a sensor having a sensor element and an output interface for outputting an electrical signal which is dependent on a physical variable from the sensor element at the output interface, comprising:a circuit having a plurality of signal paths, the plurality of signal paths being larger in number than a number of output connections of the sensor element, the plurality of signal paths including at least one first signal path for receiving the electrical signal from the sensor element and for conducting the electrical signal to the output interface, and a second signal path, which differs from the first signal path, for conducting the electrical signal to the output interface,
wherein an activity of the first signal path or of the second signal path depends on a position of the module in the sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,247,584

FIBRE OPTIC DISTRIBUTED SENSING

Optasense Holdings Limite...

1. A method of distributed fibre optic sensing comprising:repeatedly interrogating an optical fibre with at least one interrogating pulse of optical radiation and detecting optical radiation which is Rayleigh backscattered from within said fibre to form a measurement signal for each of a plurality of sensing portions of said sensing fibre;
forming a laser noise template based on the measurement signals within a frequency band of interest from a first set of said sensing portions; and
applying a correction to the measurement signals from said plurality of sensing portions based on said laser noise template.

US Pat. No. 10,247,583

FIBER-OPTIC SENSOR AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION AND USE THEREOF

1. A fiber optic sensor comprising: an optical waveguide, the optical waveguide having at least one first core and a cladding surrounding the first core, wherein the first core extends substantially over the entire length of the optical waveguide and at least one Bragg grating is introduced into the first core,wherein
the at least one Bragg grating has an elongated cross section, wherein the short semi-axis is smaller than the diameter of the first core and the center of gravity of the cross section of the at least one Bragg grating lies on the axis of symmetry of the optical waveguide.

US Pat. No. 10,247,582

OPTICAL ENCODING DEVICE INCLUDING AN ENCODING DISC HAVING DIFFRACTING PATTERNS

Industrial Technology Res...

1. An optical encoding device, comprising:a light source module configured to emit a source beam;
an encoding disc disposed on a passing path of the source beam, wherein the encoding disc has a plurality of first diffracting patterns, and those first diffracting patterns include a plurality of sets of first diffracting patterns arranged along a radial direction of the encoding disc, each set of first diffracting patterns includes a plurality kinds of first diffracting patterns, the plurality kinds of first diffracting patterns comply with one of following conditions (a), (b), and (c):
condition (a): the plurality kinds of first diffracting patterns have different pattern extending directions when entering the passing path and different pattern periods;
condition (b): the plurality kinds of first diffracting patterns have same pattern extending directions when entering the passing path and different pattern periods;
condition (c): the plurality kinds of first diffracting patterns have different pattern extending directions when entering the passing path and same pattern periods,
wherein the pattern extending directions and the pattern periods of different sets of the first diffracting patterns are different from each other, wherein when the encoding disc is rotating, a plurality of first diffracting patterns in each set of first diffracting patterns enter the passing path of the source beam in sequence, so as to cause a diffraction and form a plurality of diffracted beams having different angles; and
a photodetector including a plurality of first light sensors to receive the plurality of diffracted beams having the different angles respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,247,581

INTERFEROMETRIC OPTICAL FIBRE SENSOR SYSTEM AND METHOD OF INTERROGATION

Optoplan AS, Tiller (NO)...

1. A method of interrogating an interferometric optical fibre sensor system, the interferometric optical fibre sensor system comprising a laser source configured to generate interrogation light and a sensor array with at least a first reflector and a second reflector and with a sensor delay being a difference in propagation time for light being reflected from the first reflector and the second reflector, respectively, the method comprising:continuously and repeatedly frequency sweeping the interrogation light from the laser source, within a sweep bandwidth (SBW) over a sweep duration (tsw) with a substantially constant sweep rate r=SBW/tsw, to produce a swept interrogation light signal;
launching the swept interrogation light signal into the sensor array;
detecting reflected signals being returned from the sensor array by each of the first reflector and the second reflector, respectively, wherein the detecting comprises mixing a return light signal from the sensor array with a local oscillator signal onto an optical receiver to produce an electrical radio frequency signal;
demultiplexing the electrical radio frequency signal into a first signal channel and a second signal channel, corresponding to the first reflector and the second reflector, respectively;
continuously demodulating each of the first signal channel and the second signal channel into a first phase response from the first reflector and a second phase response from the second reflector; and
subtracting the first phase response from the second phase response to obtain a sensor phase signal.

US Pat. No. 10,247,580

CIRCUIT AND METHOD FOR EVALUATING MEASUREMENT SIGNALS AND SENSOR SYSTEM FOR CAPACITIVELY DETECTING OBSTACLES

1. A circuit for evaluating measurement signals, the circuit comprising:at least one sensor having two conductors, wherein the at least one sensor is connected with a control circuit, wherein the control circuit has a bridge circuit having a bridge branch with a first end and a second end, a first one of the two conductors being connected to the first end of the bridge branch and a second one of the two conductors being connected to the second end of the bridge branch, wherein a control signal having a first frequency is generated by a control section of the control circuit, wherein the control signal is applied to the two conductors of the at least one sensor; and
an electronic evaluation unit for generating an evaluation signal originating from a measurement signal generated with the at least one sensor, wherein the electronic evaluation unit has an opposing signal generating circuit for generating an opposing signal having the first frequency and a modifiable phase angle and superposes the opposing signal and the evaluation signal, and wherein a signal resulting from the superposition of the opposing signal and the evaluation signal is fed to a synchronous demodulator of the electronic evaluation unit.

US Pat. No. 10,247,579

LINEAR VARIABLE DIFFERENTIAL TRANSFORMER (LVDT) CALIBRATION MECHANISM FOR PRECISION RIGGING WITH VIBRATION AND ACCURACY TRACKING ROBUSTNESS

Honeywell International I...

1. A linear variable differential transformer (LVDT) comprising:an outer housing comprising one or more coils of wire, wherein the one or more coils of wire are arranged to form a plurality of transformers, and wherein each transformer of the plurality of transformers defines a channel;
a probe rod operable to fit within an opening in the outer housing and operable to move with respect to the outer housing;
a first moveable core and a second moveable core coupled to the probe rod, wherein the second moveable core is adjacent to an end spacer coupled to a first end of the probe rod; and
a probe fitting coupled to a second end of the probe rod, wherein the second end of the probe rod projects outward from the outer housing, wherein the first moveable core is coupled to the probe rod between the second moveable core and the probe fitting, and wherein the location of the second moveable core depends on the location of the probe fitting and the first moveable core.

US Pat. No. 10,247,578

PATH MEASUREMENT METHOD FOR A MAGNETIC SENSOR AND SENSOR

METHODE ELECTRONICS MALTA...

1. A method of path measurement using eddy current comprising:with a sensor that interacts with a measuring object (2), wherein the sensor comprises an electrical connector (4) and an electronic unit cooperating with a sensor coil (3):
(i) applying an operating voltage to the sensor in a manner such that a magnetic field is built up by an oscillator (11) disposed in the electronic unit in cooperation with the sensor coil (3);
(ii) moving the measuring object (2) axially through an opening in the sensor coil (3) in a manner to generate eddy currents in the measuring object and create changes in a field strength adjacent to the coil (3) and the oscillator (11); and
(iii) detecting the field strength changes with an evaluation circuit (14) and transmitting signals indicative of the field strength changes to a microcontroller (13), wherein the microcontroller processes the signals of the evaluation circuit (14) and provides the evaluation circuit with the signals via an output and protection circuit (15);
wherein the coil is formed by a multilayer printed circuit board comprising at least two planar windings connected in series to form one continuous coil;
wherein the measuring object (2) has at least a portion with a varying geometric cross-section along an axial direction relative to the opening of the sensor coil adapted and configured to generate variations in the eddy currents in the measuring device as the measuring object is moved axially though the opening in the sensor coil when the operating voltage is applied to the sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,247,577

WIRELESS REMOTE SENSING POWER METER

DaisyRS, INC., San Jose,...

1. A remote radio frequency power sensing unit comprising:a first module configured to generate an analog signal representative of a power level of a radio frequency (RF) signal; and
a second module configured to (i) receive a particular frequency of a plurality of frequencies over a wireless communication channel from a device, (ii) generate a value conveying a magnitude of said power level of said RF signal in response to said analog signal, (iii) convert said value into a digital signal communicating said power level based on said particular frequency indexed into a table, and (iv) transmit said digital signal communicating said power level and information identifying said radio frequency power sensing unit over said wireless communication channel to said device.

US Pat. No. 10,247,576

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR VERIFYING MEASURED DATA

1. A method for verifying measured data from at least one sensor system of a motor vehicle, the measured data directly or indirectly describe values of physical quantities, the method comprising:receiving, from an inertial navigation system, a first measured value at a first time, the first measured value being a speed value, an acceleration value, or a yaw rate of the motor vehicle associated with the motor vehicle;
receiving, from a satellite navigation system, a second measured value at the first time, the satellite navigation system including a global positioning system (GPS) receiver;
receiving, from an odometry navigation system, a third measured value at the first time, the odometry navigation system includes a wheel speed sensor on each wheel of the motor vehicle and a steering angle sensor;
mutually comparing, at a fusion filter in communication with the inertial navigation system, the satellite navigation system, and the odometry navigation system, the first, second, and third measured values in pairs, the first, second, and third measured values describing an identical quantity;
updating, at the fusion filter, the speed value, the acceleration value, or the yaw rate of the motor vehicle based on comparing the first, second, and third measured values and
outputting, from an output module in communication with the fusion filter, the updated speed value, the updated acceleration value, or the updated yaw rate of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,247,575

ACCELEROMETER SYSTEM AND METHOD

TOMTOM TELEMATICS B.V., ...

1. A vehicle accelerometer system, comprising:an accelerometer for installation in a vehicle;
a processor for selection of accelerometer output data items for inclusion in an accelerometer output data set representative of measurements by the accelerometer at a plurality of different vehicle locations, each accelerometer output data item being representative of a respective measurement by the accelerometer; and
a storage device for storing the accelerometer output data set,
wherein the processor is configured to:
compute, using each of the plurality of measurements by the accelerometer at the respective different vehicle locations from the accelerometer output data set, an orientation output representative of the orientation of the accelerometer with respect to the vehicle, the orientation output comprising a reference output representative of the output from the accelerometer when the vehicle is on level ground; and
determine an acceleration of the vehicle for identifying at least one of a location of the vehicle or a driving event involving the vehicle, the determining comprising using the orientation output to compensate an acceleration output data item received from the accelerometer based on the orientation of the accelerometer with respect to the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,247,574

MINIMUM MANEUVERABLE ALTITUDE DETERMINATION AND DISPLAY SYSTEM AND METHOD

HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL I...

1. A method for determining and displaying a minimum maneuverable altitude for an aircraft to turn back, the method comprising the steps of:automatically processing aircraft characteristic data, aircraft flight trajectory data, and environmental/airport services data, in a processing system, to determine a rate of change of aircraft maneuverable altitude with respect to change in aircraft heading;
processing at least the determined rate of change of aircraft maneuverable altitude with respect to change in aircraft heading, in the processing system, to determine the minimum maneuverable altitude in at least engine out conditions;
processing terrain data, in the processing system, to determine a terrain clearance height above which the minimum maneuverable altitude may be implemented; and
rendering, on a display device that is displaying an altitude tape and terrain, the minimum maneuverable altitude on the altitude tape and a pseudo gate that represents a height above the terrain that corresponds to the minimum maneuverable altitude.

US Pat. No. 10,247,573

GUIDANCE SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR LOW VISIBILITY TAKEOFF

ROCKWELL COLLINS, INC., ...

1. A method of taking off a runway in low visibility conditions, the method comprising:visually confirming a position of a nose wheel of an aircraft laterally within close proximity of a runway centerline of the runway;
determining a runway vector heading for the runway from runway data;
comparing the runway vector heading to heading indications from a plurality of inertial reference systems;
determining carrier phase or delta range measurements from a global navigation satellite system;
confirming a probability of exclusion associated with the global navigation satellite system is less than a threshold before taking off; and
setting an initial takeoff position for each inertial reference system to a position on the runway centerline at where the aircraft is located after visual confirmation by a pilot that the aircraft is on the runway centerline and using the carrier phase or delta range measurements and the initial takeoff position to determine a horizontal deviation when taking off.

US Pat. No. 10,247,572

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING ROUTE BASED ON SURVEILLANCE ZONES

HANWHA AEROSPACE CO., LTD...

1. A method of operating an apparatus for displaying a route based on surveillance zones, the method comprising:generating, by using at least one processor of the apparatus, a total surveillance zone defined by surveillance zones, the surveillance zones being observed by surveillance devices and displayed on a map on a terminal of a first user;
generating, by using the at least one processor of the apparatus, a route on the map based on the total surveillance zone and displaying the route on the terminal of the first user in response to a request for the route from the terminal of the first user;
in response to detection of an event with respect to the first user on the route, acquiring, by using the at least one processor of the apparatus, a surveillance image from at least one of the surveillance devices corresponding to a location at which the event is detected; and
displaying, by using the at least one processor of the apparatus, the surveillance image on a terminal of a second user.

US Pat. No. 10,247,571

REMINDER NOTIFICATION SYSTEM AND REMINDER NOTIFICATION METHOD

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A reminder notification system comprising:a processor, wherein the processor is configured to function as:
a position acquisition unit configured to acquire a position of a user;
a target position setting unit configured to set a target position set, the target position set comprising at least one target position;
a reminder notification unit configured to provide a reminder about a proximity area within a predetermined distance from a target position of the target position set when the position of the user is in the proximity area;
a search unit configured to search for target positions to be included in the target position set within a predetermined search range; and
a target position information notification unit configured to notify of target position information about the target positions included in the target position set within the search range found in the search unit,
wherein the target position setting unit sets the target position set associated with a predetermined category,
wherein the reminder notification unit provides the reminder when the position of the user arrives at at least one proximity area of the target position set belonging to the predetermined category, and
wherein the search unit updates a list of the target positions included in the target position set and belonging to the predetermined category, according to a movement of the position acquisition unit, wherein the target positions that belong to the predetermined category and located within the search range of a new position of the user acquired by the position acquisition unit following movement of the position acquisition unit are added to the target position list when the target position list is updated, and target positions that are not located within the search range of a new position of the user acquired by the position acquisition unit following movement of the position acquisition unit are removed from the target position list when the target position list is updated.

US Pat. No. 10,247,570

DATA ACQUISITION APPARATUS, DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEM AND METHOD OF ACQUIRING DATA

TOMTOM NAVIGATION B.V., ...

1. A method of acquiring data in relation to a point of interest, comprising:generating, by a processor, a search enquiry relating to a point of interest;
communicating the search query over a communications network;
receiving search results in response thereto via the communications network, the search results comprising identifiers for web pages that were found by a web search engine based on the search query;
filtering the search results to eliminate search results that do not have one or more properties matching corresponding criteria, the criteria comprising at least one of tags or identifiers in the content within the web pages associated with the search results and file names associated with the search results;
using, by the processor, the search results to derive data associated with the point of interest, the deriving comprising processing content within the web pages to acquire the data associated with the point of interest;
updating information about the point of interest in a point of interest database based at least in part on the data associated with the point of interest, the updating comprising adding, to information describing characteristics of the point of interest, at least one piece of information describing a characteristic of the point of interest that is based on data acquired from the content within the web pages; and
providing, to other devices, information from the point of interest database, the provided information arranged to be used to perform navigation operations involving the point of interest.

US Pat. No. 10,247,569

NAVIGATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

Nytell Software LLC, Wil...

1. A mapping apparatus comprising a processor and a storage medium, the processor configured to:generate a non-scaled and compressed view of roads on a display device based at least in part on mapping data, position data, and data indicative of what road map data to use in generating said non-scaled and compressed view, the non-scaled and compressed view of roads depicting roads as vertical linear pictograms and arranged so that a view representative of a current travel road and upcoming roads relative to a current geographic location of the apparatus is displayed in an expected order of encounter and indications of intersecting roads are arranged as a compressed list in a column layout with descriptive features grouped together by type and displayed in columns irrespective of actual distance between intersections; and
update said non-scaled and compressed view.

US Pat. No. 10,247,568

STYLE SHEET DRIVEN VIRTUAL CAMERA FOR DEFINING A NAVIGATION PRESENTATION

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A non-transitory machine readable medium storing a virtual camera style sheet and a program for execution by at least one processing unit, the program for generating a navigation presentation for display on a device that navigates to a destination along a map, the program comprising sets of instructions for:storing a plurality of virtual camera styles within the virtual camera style sheet, further comprising storing a set of style attributes and a set of properties for each style of the plurality of virtual camera styles;
during the navigation to the destination, receiving a set of contextual attributes describing a current context of the navigation, wherein the set of contextual attributes includes one or more of the type of road currently being navigated and the posted speed limit for the road currently being navigated;
selecting a style from the plurality of virtual camera styles stored in the virtual camera style sheet, further comprising matching the received set of contextual attributes to the set of style attributes for the style, the style being identified by a style identifier that is generated based on the set of style attributes; and
causing the virtual camera to identify, by a set of style properties for the selected style, the portion of the map to render to produce a navigated scene in the navigation presentation.

US Pat. No. 10,247,567

SHORT-DISTANCE NAVIGATION PROVISION

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method, comprising:utilizing at least one processor to execute computer code that performs the steps of:
capturing a wireless signal from a device of a target entity, wherein the wireless signal provides the direction of the target entity with respect to a traveling entity;
generating a location profile for the traveling entity, wherein the generating comprises:
capturing, using an image capture device, an image of the environment surrounding the traveling entity; and
determining movement information of the traveling entity, wherein the movement information comprises directional information and speed information;
identifying the location of the target entity, in view of the captured image of the environment surrounding the traveling entity, wherein the identifying comprises identifying the target entity from the captured image by correlating the wireless signal of the device of the target entity with the movement information of the traveling entity to identify the target entity within the captured image; and
providing, based upon the identified location of the target entity, navigation details, wherein the navigation details comprise instructions for navigating from the location of the traveling entity to the location of the target entity.

US Pat. No. 10,247,566

ELECTRONIC NAVIGATION SYSTEM

SAP SE, Walldorf (DE)

1. An electronic navigation system, comprising:a mobile battery powered telecommunication device being assigned to a user;
a first server computer for providing an electronic calendar and a user specific trained classifier, the electronic calendar being configured to store calendar data of events, and the user specific trained classifier comprising classification data indicative of whether the user was physically present at events having occurred in the past or participated remotely in the events having occurred in the past; and
a second server computer comprising a navigation module,
the telecommunication device, the first server computer and the second server computer being communicatively coupled by a telecommunication network,
the electronic navigation system being configured to
receive a user's entry of calendar data of a planned event into the electronic calendar via the telecommunication device, the calendar data of the planned event comprising at least an indication of a point of time, a geographic location, and metadata being descriptive of the planned event,
in response to the user's entry of the calendar data, read the calendar data of the planned event by the first server computer and enter the calendar data into the user specific trained classifier,
process the calendar data of the planned event by the user specific trained classifier to provide a classification result, the classification result being indicative of whether or not a trip of the user is required to participate in the planned event based on whether physical presence of the user is expected or the user can participate remotely,
in response to the classification result indicating that the user can participate remotely, generate a static reminder message by the first server computer and send the static reminder message to the telecommunication device in order to provide a reminder to the user a fixed amount of time before the planned event, and
in response to the classification result indicating that physical presence of the user is expected, generate a request by the first server computer, the request comprising at least the geographic location, and send the request from the first server computer to the second server computer,
in response to the request, generate navigation data by the navigation module, the navigation data comprising a predicted time duration for the trip, and return a response from the second server computer to the first server computer, the response comprising the navigation data,
generate a dynamic reminder message by the first server computer, the dynamic reminder message comprising the navigation data, and send the dynamic reminder message from the first server to the telecommunication device a variable amount of time before the planned event, the variable amount of time being based on the predicted time duration of the trip, and
render the navigation data on a display of the telecommunication device.

US Pat. No. 10,247,565

TRAFFIC RISK AVOIDANCE FOR A ROUTE SELECTION SYSTEM

STATE FARM MUTUAL AUTOMOB...

1. A computer-implemented method, carried out by one or more processors of a server communicatively coupled to a device for monitoring or controlling vehicle operation, of reducing vehicle collisions, the method comprising:calculating, by the one or more processors, a number of expected collisions in an area over a time period based upon historical traffic data corresponding to one or more comparable areas near the area;
determining, by the one or more processors, a number of observed collisions in the area over the time period;
calculating, by the one or more processors, a risk index for the area, wherein the risk index is a comparison result between the number of expected collisions and the number of observed collisions;
selecting, by the one or more processors, a travel route for a vehicle based upon the calculated risk index; and
transmitting, via a transceiver and via wireless communication or data transmission over one or more radio frequency links or wireless communication channels, the selected travel route to the device to facilitate routing of the vehicle that avoids traversing the area, wherein the device comprises at least one of a mobile device, an on-board computer, or a navigator.

US Pat. No. 10,247,564

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CROWD-SOURCED NAVIGATION PROFILE OPTIONS

MAPSTED CORP., Mississau...

1. A method of recommending a pedestrian route based on crowd-sourced pedestrian navigation associated with an indoor area, the method comprising:receiving an input, from a mobile device, selecting a graphical icon from a set of graphical icons representing a respective route traversal profile option;
obtaining route activity data in association with the selected graphical icon during traversal of the route, the route activity data indicative of information pertaining to user activity along a trajectory describing the traversal of the mobile device in the indoor area; and
deploying the respective route traversal profile option represented by the selected graphical icon, the profile option recommending the pedestrian route based at least in part on the route activity data.

US Pat. No. 10,247,563

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR STORING AND PROVIDING ROUTES

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

12. A method comprising:receiving, by one or more processors, a plurality of routes previously traveled by one or more client devices, each route of the plurality of routes identifying respective starting location for a particular client device and a respective ending location for that particular client device and information identifying streets;
receiving, by the one or more processors, a request for directions including a starting location and an ending location;
filtering, by the one or more processors, the plurality of routes previously traveled based on predetermined user preferences to remove undesired routes previously traveled;
selecting, by the one or more processors, a given filtered traveled route of the plurality of filtered traveled routes by comparing the respective starting locations of the filtered traveled routes to the starting location of the request and by comparing the respective ending locations of the filtered travel routes to the ending location of the request; and
filtering, by the one or more processors, the given filtered traveled route of the plurality of filtered traveled routes to remove a given street if of the plurality of filtered traveled routes do not correspond with the given street.

US Pat. No. 10,247,562

METHOD FOR DISPLAYING REAL RANGE OF ELECTRIC VEHICLES ON A MAP

GPS TUNER SYSTEMS KORLATO...

1. Method for determining the actual range that can be taken by a vehicle with electric drive counted from a starting point, and displaying the actual range on a map; comprising storing first in a non-volatile database predetermined data of the vehicle that have influence on the energy consumption thereof including the load of the vehicle, storing in the non-volatile database the maximum energy allowed to be used by the vehicle till the range is reached, also storing map data of an area around said starting point in said non-volatile memory wherein said area is expected to be at least as large as the range to be determined, the map data including coordinate and altitude data, stored in said non-volatile memory, as well as route data, stored in said non-volatile memory, if built routes exist in the area; and a non-volatile program memory storing a computer program for calculating the expected energy consumption of the vehicle based on said stored data along different routes extending in said area and including or being close to the starting point, and defining boundary points of the actual range in which the calculated energy consumption is at most equal to said allowed energy consumption; and displaying on a human readable display the so obtained boundary points of the actual range on the map, wherein a central processing unit is responsive to said non-volatile program memory to execute said computer program to calculate and store during said storing step the average electrical consumption of the vehicle associated with taking a unity distance along a horizontal road section; and also to store by what coefficients the actual consumption differs on road sections with differing steepness from the consumption measured along a horizontal road of the same length, and said map data include data of artificially generated virtual routes if the vehicle can move off road; and during said calculating step said central processing unit dividing all routes in said area into a plurality of edge sections with respective constant steepness, each edge section is defined between respective pairs of peak points, wherein all route junctions represent a respective peak point; and in said calculating step edge costs are calculated by multiplying the stored unity energy consumption with the length of the edge and with the stored coefficient associated with the steepness of the edge, then beginning from said starting point determining the cost of any possible route by using a successive iteration and the Dijkstra algorithm, wherein the cost of a peak point is the sum of the cost of the edge section leading directly to that peak point and the cost of the peak point at the other end of the edge section, wherein if a peak point can be accessed through different routes, the cost of the peak point is the smallest one out of the costs calculated for the same peak point, and the boundary point along each of said routes is the peak point that have a calculated cost at most equal to said stored allowed energy consumption.

US Pat. No. 10,247,561

PREVENTIVE MEASURES FOR A COGNITIVE IMPAIRED USER

International Business Ma...

1. A computer system for controlling a vehicle, the computer system comprising:one or more processors, one or more computer-readable memories, one or more computer-readable tangible storage devices, and program instructions stored on at least one of the one or more computer-readable tangible storage devices for execution by at least one of the one or more processors via at least one of the one or more memories, the program instructions comprising:
program instructions to detect, by a computing device, that an ignition switch of the vehicle was activated, wherein the vehicle comprises a navigation device;
program instructions to request, by the computing device, a destination from the navigation device;
based on determining that the destination is not valid, program instructions to send, by the computing device, an instruction to disengage a clutch of the vehicle;
based on determining that the destination is valid, program instructions to determine, by the computing device, a route based on a current location and the destination, wherein the current location is determined by a Global Positioning System;
program instructions to monitor, by the computing device, the current location of the vehicle; and
based on determining, by the computing device, that the current location of the vehicle is outside of an approved area and that a vehicle direction is not towards the route, wherein the vehicle is outside of the approved area when the current location of the vehicle is outside of a geo-fence area, and wherein a current distance of the current location of the vehicle from the route is more than a maximum distance, program instructions to send, by the computing device, an alert message to an alert device.

US Pat. No. 10,247,560

PREVENTIVE MEASURES FOR A COGNITIVE IMPAIRED USER

International Business Ma...

1. A computer program product for controlling a vehicle, the computer program product comprising:one or more computer-readable storage devices and program instructions stored on at least one of the one or more computer-readable storage devices, the program instructions comprising:
program instructions to detect, by a computing device, that an ignition switch of the vehicle was activated, wherein the vehicle comprises a navigation device;
program instructions to request, by the computing device, a destination from the navigation device;
based on determining that the destination is not valid, program instructions to send, by the computing device, an instruction to disengage a clutch of the vehicle;
based on determining that the destination is valid, program instructions to determine, by the computing device, a route based on a current location and the destination, wherein the current location is determined by a Global Positioning System;
program instructions to monitor, by the computing device, the current location of the vehicle; and
based on determining, by the computing device, that the current location of the vehicle is outside of an approved area and that a vehicle direction is not towards the route, wherein the vehicle is outside of the approved area when the current location of the vehicle is outside of a geo-fence area, and wherein a current distance of the current location of the vehicle from the route is more than a maximum distance, program instructions to send, by the computing device, an alert message to an alert device.

US Pat. No. 10,247,559

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DISAMBIGUATING PROBE POINTS WITHIN AN AMBIGUOUS PROBE REGION

HERE Global B.V., Eindho...

1. A method implemented by an advanced driver assistance system (ADAS), wherein the advanced driver assistance system comprises one or more driver assistance applications and a map and positioning engine, wherein the map and positioning engine comprises a positioning system comprising one or more sensing devices configured to measure one or more of speed, direction or orientation and an in-vehicle data bus interface, and wherein, based on information provided by the positioning system, the method comprises:identifying an ambiguous probe region by identifying an instance in which a width of a probe distribution increases by at least a predefined amount or a predefined percentage within a predetermined length of a roadway or in an instance in which a road center shifts by at least a predetermined amount;
for the ambiguous probe region, separately identifying probe trajectory identifiers (IDs) of probe points along at least a portion of each of first and second branches that lead away from the ambiguous probe region, wherein the probe trajectory IDs identified along at least a portion of the first and second branches comprise first and second sets of probe trajectory IDs, respectively;
for the ambiguous probe region, identifying probe trajectory IDs of the probe points along a third branch that leads toward the ambiguous probe region, wherein the probe trajectory IDs along the third branch comprise a third set of probe trajectory IDs;
classifying probe trajectory IDs from the third set as being associated with the first branch in an instance in which the probe trajectory IDs are included in both the first and third sets;
classifying probe trajectory IDs from the third set as being associated with the second branch in an instance in which the probe trajectory IDs are included in both the second and third sets;
creating road geometry for mapping or navigational purposes or detecting a change in the road geometry at least partially based upon classification of the probe trajectory IDs from the third set as being associated with either the first branch or the second branch; and
causing the road geometry to be provided to the one or more driver assistance applications via the in-vehicle data bus interface such that the road geometry created or the change in the road geometry detected is used for mapping or navigational purposes.

US Pat. No. 10,247,558

TRAVEL DIRECTION DETERMINATION APPARATUS, MAP MATCHING APPARATUS, TRAVEL DIRECTION DETERMINATION METHOD, AND COMPUTER READABLE MEDIUM

Asahi Kasei Kabushiki Kai...

1. A travel direction determination apparatus, comprising:a sensor signal acquisition unit that acquires sensor signals of sensors mounted in a mobile device;
a first travel direction calculation unit that calculates a travel direction of a user without relying on a walking state of the user;
a second travel direction calculation unit that calculates the travel direction of the user based on the sensor signals when the user who holds the mobile device is in a walking state;
a walk detection unit that detects whether or not the user is in the walking state based on a distribution value of a synthesis acceleration of a plurality of accelerometers mounted in the mobile device, counts the number of pulses of periodic signals that accompany the walking state; and detects information of the number of steps taken by the user; and
a determination unit that first determines the travel direction of the user from an output calculated by the first travel direction calculation unit as the travel direction of the user until it is detected that the user took a predetermined number of steps since the state of the user has changed from the non-walking state to the walking state, and then determines the travel direction of the user from an output calculated by the second travel direction calculation unit after the predetermined number of steps was detected as the travel direction of the user, responding to changes in the state of the user from non-walking state to walking state.

US Pat. No. 10,247,557

TRANSMITTING MAP DATA IMAGES IN A LIMITED BANDWIDTH ENVIRONMENT

HERE Global B.V., Eindho...

1. A method of transmitting map images in a limited bandwidth environment, the method comprising:determining or predicting, using a processor, a traffic condition for a location;
developing, by the processor, a real-time traffic map image depicting the traffic condition;
breaking up, by the processor, the real-time traffic map image including the traffic condition into a plurality of image segments based on a size limit per payload, wherein a quantity of images for the plurality of images is based on a traffic density for the location;
encoding, by the processor, the plurality of image segments broken up from the real-time traffic map image into a plurality of payloads, each payload comprising content data for an image segment, wherein the content data includes latitude and longitude coordinates for opposite corners of a bounding box of the image segment; and
transmitting, by the processor, the plurality of payloads of the encoded real-time traffic map image including the traffic condition over an AM or FM radio signal to a navigation device in the limited bandwidth environment in a defined order such that the navigation device is configured to decode and reassemble the plurality of image segments according to the latitude and longitude coordinates for opposite corners of a bounding box for display as a single map image including the traffic condition.

US Pat. No. 10,247,556

METHOD FOR PROCESSING FEATURE MEASUREMENTS IN VISION-AIDED INERTIAL NAVIGATION

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A mobile platform comprising:a) a camera for outputting image data of features with unknown locations, the features being objects, structures, and points, lines, and planes of objects and/or structures;
b) an inertial measurement unit for outputting inertial measurements of the features, wherein the coordinates of the features are unknown;
c) a processor configured to receive the image data and inertial measurements;
d) storage for storing the image data and the inertial measurements; and
e) an extended-Kalman filter-based estimator executable on the processor for processing the inertial measurement and features of the image data, wherein a state vector of the estimator contains a sliding window of states for determining the position and orientation of the mobile platform the state vector updated by computing and factorizing a rank deficient information matrix representing Fisher information provided by the feature measurements, the computed factor being used as the measurement Jacobian for updating the state vector.

US Pat. No. 10,247,555

ROUND ROBIN SENSING DEVICE AND METHOD OF USE

InvenSense, Inc., San Jo...

1. A sensing method comprising:biasing a MEMS device at a fixed voltage;
receiving a first signal and a second signal from the MEMS device, wherein the first signal is associated with a first axis of the MEMS device and wherein the second signal is associated with a second axis of the MEMS device;
resetting a sense amplifier;
selecting the first signal or the second signal for amplification by the sense amplifier, wherein the selecting is concurrent with resetting the sense amplifier;
amplifying the selected signal, wherein a sampled error is added to the selected signal at an output of the sense amplifier to an error signal;
demodulating the error signal to form a demodulated signal; and
averaging the demodulated signal to form an averaged signal, wherein the averaging the demodulated signal substantially cancels the error signal.

US Pat. No. 10,247,554

FULLY BALANCED MICRO-MACHINED INERTIAL SENSOR

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A vibratory structure gyroscope comprising: an outer proof mass having a corresponding center of mass; an inner proof mass having a corresponding center of mass, where the corresponding centers of mass of the outer proof mass and the inner proof mass are approximately co-located; a plurality of electrodes coupled to the inner and outer proof masses; and a plurality of shuttles coupled to the inner and outer proof masses, where the outer proof mass and the inner proof mass are vibrated along a first axis of translational motion and sense Coriolis forces along a second axis of the translational motion in the presence of an angular velocity around a third axis, wherein the first axis and the second axis are in-plane and the third axis is out-of-plane; and wherein the plurality of shuttles are configured to permit vibrational movements of the inner and outer proof masses along the first axis and prevents vibrational movement of the inner and outer proof masses in any other direction.

US Pat. No. 10,247,553

VIRTUAL SPORT SYSTEM USING START SENSOR FOR ACCURATE SIMULATION OF MOVEMENT OF A BALL

CREATZ INC., Seoul (KR)

1. A virtual sport system, comprising:a shot unit to allow a ball to be hit;
a start sensor unit to derive information on physical quantities of the ball at the stage of starting movement; and
a simulation unit to receive the information on the physical quantities from the start sensor unit and perform a simulation of the movement of the ball on the basis of the received information,
wherein the start sensor unit comprises at least one optical sensor or a plurality of weight sensors,
wherein the information on the physical quantities of the ball at the stage of starting movement includes information on where the ball is disposed in a normal shot area, information on when the ball is hit, and information on where the ball is disposed immediately before being hit,
wherein the start sensor unit determines the information on where the ball is disposed in the normal shot area on the basis of an image of the ball in the normal shot area, which is detected by the at least one optical sensor, or on the basis of a weight corresponding to the ball applied in the normal shot area, which is detected by the plurality of weight sensors,
wherein the normal shot area is a predetermined virtual area covered by the at least one optical sensor, or a predetermined substantial area covered by the plurality of weight sensors,
wherein the virtual area is configured with a plurality of virtual sections corresponding to a plurality of coordinates at which the image of the ball may be detected by the at least one optical sensor,
wherein the substantial area is configured with a plurality of substantial sections at each of which each weight sensor of the plurality of weight sensors is disposed,
wherein the start sensor unit determines a point of time the ball is no longer detected, which has been detected with respect to a specific section of the plurality of sections, to be when the ball is hit, and
wherein the simulation unit includes program modules stored in memory devices that, when executed by a processor, cause the simulation unit to receive a tilt angle of the shot unit and a location of a tilt center of the shot unit from the start sensor unit and calculate a height of the ball at the stage of starting movement with reference to the information on where the ball is disposed immediately before being hit, the tilt angle of the shot unit, and the location of the tilt center of the shot unit.

US Pat. No. 10,247,552

ADJUSTABLE CLAMPING MECHANISM FOR A LEVEL

Milwaukee Electric Tool C...

1. A level configured to support a ruler, the level comprising:a housing comprising:
a top surface extending from a first end to a second end;
a bottom surface opposite the top surface, the bottom surface extending from the first end to the second end;
a first side surface located between the top surface and the bottom surface;
a second side surface opposite the first side surface and located between the top surface and the bottom surface;
a longitudinal axis defining a length; and
a height perpendicular to the longitudinal axis, wherein the length is greater than the height;
a level vial supported by the housing; and
a recess extending an entire length of the top surface in the direction of the longitudinal axis, wherein the recess is configured to receive a portion of the ruler and the recess is positioned adjacent to the second side surface such that the second side surface and a side of the ruler are substantially coplanar with each other when the recess engages the ruler.

US Pat. No. 10,247,551

VEHICLE IMAGE PROCESSING DEVICE FOR ENVIRONMENT RECOGNITION

HITACHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEM...

1. An image processing device that measures a relative distance to an object or a relative speed by processing a plurality of images synchronously captured by a plurality of cameras, the object being present in the plurality of images, the image processing device comprising:a memory;
at least one CPU, the at least one CPU configured to perform:
an object pursuing process that derives current position information of the object on the basis of one of the plurality of images and past position information of the object;
a first distance calculation that calculates the relative distance to the object on the basis of the current position information and at least two of the plurality of images;
an object detection process that detects the object by deriving the current position information of the object on the basis of parallax information obtained from at least two of the plurality of images;
a second distance calculation that calculates the relative distance to the object on the basis of a detection result of the object; and
a correction process that corrects at least one of the current position information and the relative distance on the basis of at least one of the current position information derived by the object pursuing process and the current position information derived by the object detection process, and the relative distance calculated by the first distance calculation and the relative distance calculated by the second distance calculation,
wherein a processing start time of the first distance calculation is set to be before a processing ending time of the object detection process.

US Pat. No. 10,247,550

MOBILE DEVICES AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING ORIENTATION INFORMATION THEREOF

VIA ALLIANCE SEMICONDUCTO...

1. A mobile device, comprising:an acceleration sensor, configured to generate acceleration data;
a magneto sensor, configured to generate magnetic field data;
a gyroscope sensor, configured to generate angular velocity data; and
a processor, configured to determine a pitch angle and a roll angle according to the acceleration data generated by the acceleration sensor, determine a yaw angle according to the magnetic field data generated by the magneto sensor, determine a quaternion according to the pitch angle, the roll angle, and the yaw angle, determine orientation information of the mobile device according to the quaternion and the angular velocity data generated by the gyroscope sensor, and adjust the orientation information according to the acceleration data generated by the acceleration sensor and the magnetic field data generated by the magneto sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,247,549

SHAFT ACCURACY MEASURING DEVICE FOR MEASURING ACCURACY OF OUTPUT SHAFT OF MOTOR

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A shaft accuracy measuring device comprising:a measurement unit including a light projecting unit that projects a measurement light and a light receiving unit that receives the measurement light projected by the light projecting unit;
a motor installation unit that installs a motor (M) such that an output shaft of the motor is disposed between the light projecting unit and the light receiving unit so that the light projecting unit directly faces the light receiving unit;
a calculation unit that calculates at least one of axial run-out, center run-out, and face run-out of the motor based on a measurement result of the measurement unit, and
a driving unit that rotates the motor installation unit relative to the measurement unit and rotates the output shaft of the motor;
wherein while the driving unit rotates the motor installation unit relative to the measurement unit and rotates the output shaft of the motor, the calculation unit measures the center run-out of the output shaft based on the measurement result of the measurement unit.

US Pat. No. 10,247,548

MEASURING DEPTH OF A SURFACE OF A TEST OBJECT

SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAF...

1. A method for depth determination of a surface of a test object, the method comprising:projecting a colored fringe pattern formed from a sequence of colored fringes onto a surface of the test object, each colored fringe having a standard projected width,
capturing a fringe pattern reflected by the surface of the test object, and
evaluating the reflected fringe pattern to determine a depth of the surface of the test object based at least on:
(a) the sequence of colored fringes of the reflected fringe pattern, and
(b) a sequence of determined widths of the fringes of the reflected fringe pattern wherein a determined width different from the standard projected width indicates extinction of at least one color of the colored fringe pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,247,547

OPTICAL PATTERN PROJECTOR

HAND HELD PRODUCTS, INC.,...

1. An optical pattern projector, comprising:a laser array comprising a plurality of lasers spaced in a grid, each of the plurality of lasers configured to radiate light;
a plurality of lenslets configured and arranged with respect to the laser array to collimate the radiated light from the plurality of lasers, providing a plurality of collimated laser beams;
an f-theta lens configured and arranged with respect to the plurality of lenslets to receive the collimated laser beams and to focus each of the plurality of collimated laser beams along a particular incident angle, each respective particular incident angle determined by the position in the grid of the laser corresponding to the respective laser beam; and
a diffractive optical element (DOE) configured and arranged with respect to the f-theta lens to, for each collimated laser beam, diffract the collimated laser beam to form a sub-pattern comprising a plurality of beam portions derived from the collimated laser beam, wherein each respective sub-pattern propagates along a resultant incident angle determined by the particular incident angle of the corresponding collimated laser beam; and
wherein when projected onto a target, the sub-patterns each respectively corresponding to one of the collimated laser beams align with one another to form a repeating optical pattern comprising non-overlapping sub-patterns, and wherein the position of each sub-pattern in the repeating optical pattern depends on the resultant incident angle.

US Pat. No. 10,247,546

IMAGE PROCESSING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING A TARGET OBJECT AREA BASED ON HEIGHT INFORMATION

PFU LIMITED, Kahoku-Shi,...

1. An image processing system comprising:a projector for projecting a projection image having a stripe pattern or a grid pattern toward a target object; and
an imager for capturing a first input image of the target object on which the projection image is projected, and a second input image of the target object on which no projection image is projected,
wherein the imager includes:
a processor for
calculating height information of the target object in the first input image by comparing the projection image with the first input image,
extracting, from the second input image, an estimated background area not including the target object, based on the height information,
determining a color component of the background area in the second input image, based on a pixel in the background area, and
detecting a target object area where the target object exists in the second input image, based on the determined color component of the background area.

US Pat. No. 10,247,545

LASER GAUGE FOR ROBOTIC CALIBRATION AND MONITORING

THINK SURGICAL, INC., Fr...

1. An optical gauge for calibration of a robotic arm or a tool attached thereto, said optical gauge comprising:a first optical transmitter in communication with a first optical receiver to form a first optical micrometer defining a first direction of planar measurement;
a second optical transmitter in communication with a second optical receiver to form a second optical micrometer defining a second direction of planar measurement nearly perpendicular to the first direction, said first optical micrometer being offset in a fixed position from said second optical micrometer by a known gap distance in a third direction orthogonal to the first direction and the second direction to create a measurement void with the first direction of planar measurement and the second direction of planar measurement in a space defined between said first optical transmitter and said first optical receiver and between said second optical transmitter and said second optical receiver to obtain calibration data as to position or size of the robotic arm or a tool attached thereto when positioned within or passed through the measurement void; and
a processor configured to calibrate or verify the calibration of a robot with the calibration data.

US Pat. No. 10,247,544

SHAPE MEASUREMENT APPARATUS AND SHAPE MEASUREMENT METHOD

1. A shape measurement apparatus comprising:a light source configured to irradiate a surface of a moving strip-shaped body with linear light at a prescribed angle of incidence;
a screen configured such that reflected light of the linear light on the surface of the strip-shaped body is projected on the screen;
a camera configured to image the reflected light of the linear light projected on the screen; and
an arithmetic processor configured to acquire the amount of warpage in a width direction of the strip-shaped body on the basis of a line length of the reflected light of the linear light imaged by the camera,
wherein the arithmetic processor includes
a screen image length acquisition unit configured to acquire a line length of a screen image that is reflected light of the strip-shaped body included in a captured image acquired by the camera, and
a warpage calculation unit configured to calculate, on the basis of the line length of the screen image acquired by the screen image length acquisition unit, the amount of warpage in the width direction of the strip-shaped body from a relationship between a line length of reflected light of the strip-shaped body and the amount of warpage in the width direction of the strip-shaped body acquired in advance.

US Pat. No. 10,247,543

TYRE TREAD DEPTH AND TYRE CONDITION DETERMINATION

Pre-Chasm Resarch Limited...

1. A method for assessing tyre tread depth and/or tyre condition of a tyre for a vehicle, the method comprising:taking and analysing, using portable instrumentation, a camera image or multiple camera images of a tyre;
using image processing software, implemented on or controlled by the portable instrumentation, to measure tyre tread depth by performing edge and feature detection image analysis on the camera image or the multiple camera images to detect the presence/absence of grooves of different depths in known tread patterns, wherein the edge and feature detection image analysis is performed on the camera image or the multiple camera images to detect traverse edges of a groove edge, after which the Image processing software runs edge and corner detection routines to derive a compressed descriptor unique to a tyre type to assess the tyre tread depth and/or the tyre condition; and then
indicating by assqament of the tyre tread depth and/or the tyre condition determined by the edge and corner detection routines indicate the tyre is in an unsafe defective,damaged, or illegal condition.

US Pat. No. 10,247,542

HANDHELD MEASURING AID WITH A 3-AXIS JOINT CONNECTION AND A SPHERICAL ENCODER

LEICA GEOSYSTEMS AG, Hee...

1. A handheld measuring aid for use in a system including a station for determining the position and orientation of the handheld measuring aid for surveying an object surface, the handheld measuring aid comprising:a body;
a plurality of visual markings, disposed in a defined spatial relationship, forming a pattern, on the body in a marking region; and
a connection disposed on the body, which is configured to receive a measuring, inspection or processing tool,
wherein the connection has at least one joint to provide three rotational degrees of freedom with two connecting elements movable relative to each other, so that the position of one of the connecting elements in relation to the other connecting element and thus in relation to the body is variable with respect to three rotational axes, and the connection has at least one spherical position encoder, so that the rotational position of the movable connecting element with respect to the three rotational axes and thus of the measuring tool relative to the body is able to be determined.

US Pat. No. 10,247,541

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF ESTIMATING THE THREE-DIMENSIONAL SIZE OF AN OBJECT FOR PACKAGING OR STORING THE OBJECT

Gorilla Technology Inc., ...

1. A method of estimating the three-dimensional size of an object for packaging or storing the object, the method comprising:providing first three-dimensional image data of a measurement environment and a reference object with a known length, known width and known height in the measurement environment;
constructing a back-projection model by finding a correspondence between the first three-dimensional image data of the reference object with the known length, known width and known height and the measurement environment to construct a back-projection model;
providing second three-dimensional image data of the measurement environment and an object to be estimated in the measurement environment; and
detecting a position of the object to be estimated in the measurement environment in said second three-dimensional image data; and
using a virtual space frame in the back-projection model with a shape of a box to enclose the object to be estimated therein so as to determine a three-dimensional size for packaging or storing the object to be estimated in accordance with the three-dimensional size of the box.

US Pat. No. 10,247,540

DETERMINING THE THICKNESS OF A SUBMICRON CARBON COATING ON A CARBON-COATED METAL BASE PLATE USING RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method of determining a thickness of a submicron carbon coating of a carbon-coated metal base plate, the method comprising:providing a carbon-coated metal base plate that includes a metal base plate and an exteriorly-exposed submicron carbon coating over the metal base plate;
conducting Raman spectroscopy at a target location of the carbon-coated metal base plate to obtain a Raman shift spectrum for the target location; and
converting the Raman shift spectrum obtained at the target location into a calculated thickness of the submicron carbon coating at the target location, wherein converting the Raman shift spectrum obtained at the target location into the calculated thickness of the submicron carbon coating at the target location comprises:
isolating a Raman carbon signal from the Raman shift spectrum obtained at the target location for the carbon-coated metal base plate;
integrating the Raman carbon signal isolated from the Raman shift spectrum over a defined wavenumber range to derive an integrated intensity of the Raman carbon signal;
establishing a linear correlation over the defined wavenumber range between (1) an integrated intensity of a Raman carbon signal obtained from each of a series of reference plates that includes a submicron carbon coating having a verified thickness and (2) the verified thicknesses of the submicron carbon coatings of the series of reference plates; and
referencing the linear correlation to convert the integrated intensity of the Raman carbon signal isolated from the Raman shift spectrum into the calculated thickness of the submicron carbon coating at the target location.

US Pat. No. 10,247,539

TWO-CHANNEL POINT-DIFFRACTION INTERFEROMETER

9. An apparatus for testing optical components/systems using a two-channel two-pinhole interferometry, the apparatus comprising:a laser source providing a linearly polarized light beam;
a beam splitter, configured to divide the linearly polarized light beam to a first beam for a working channel and to a second beam for a reference channel;
the working channel comprising:
a focus-collimator element, configured to be adjusted for providing best coupling of the first beam to a first single-mode polarization maintaining optical fiber,
a collimator adapted to collimate an output first beam emanating from the first single-mode polarization maintaining optical fiber,
a quarter-wave plate, adapted to convert the collimated output first beam into a circular polarized first beam,
a focusing objective, adopted to be adjusted for providing best focusing of the circular polarized first beam to a first pinhole of a first pinhole plate, and
a test optical component/system adopted to receive a circular polarized first divergent beam diffracted through the first pinhole of the first pinhole plate and to focus light transmitted through the test optical component/system to a second pinhole plate;
the reference channel comprising:
a further focus-collimator element, configured to be adjusted for providing best coupling of the second beam to a second single-mode polarization maintaining optical fiber,
a further collimator adapted to collimate an output second beam emanating from the second single-mode polarization maintaining optical fiber,
a further quarter-wave plate, adapted to convert the collimated output second beam into a circular polarized second beam,
a further focusing objective, adopted to be adjusted for providing best focusing of the circular polarized second beam to a second pinhole of a second pinhole plate; and
an imaging objective, configured to receive an interfering pattern of the circular polarized first divergent beam transmitted through the test optical component/system and further reflected from the second pinhole plate, and a circular polarized second divergent beam diffracted through the second pinhole of the second pinhole plate, to provide an interferogram of the test optical component/system.

US Pat. No. 10,247,538

ACCURATE CHIRPED SYNTHETIC WAVELENGTH INTERFEROMETER

Bridger Photonics, Inc., ...

1. A system comprising:a first chirped laser source configured to provide a first laser output having a first optical frequency varying with a first chirp rate;
a second chirped laser source configured to provide a second laser output having a second optical frequency varying with a second chirp rate;
a calibration unit comprising at least one gas cell having at least one absorption line, the calibration unit configured to receive a portion of the first laser output and the second laser output and to output a calibration signal, wherein the first optical frequency, the second optical frequency, or both are swept through the at least one absorption line at the respective first chirp rate or second chirp rate;
a first plurality of optical paths configured to direct at least a portion of the first laser output onto an optical detector to produce a first interference signal;
a second plurality of optical paths configured to direct at least a portion of the second laser output onto the optical detector or a different optical detector to produce a second interference signal; and
a signal processor configured to receive the first interference signal, the second interference signal, at least one of the first chirp rate or the second chirp rate, and the calibration signal, the signal processor further configured to:
calibrate a synthetic wavelength and determine a synthetic fringe number or an interferometer fringe number, at least in part by measuring a time difference between a start time and a time the first optical frequency or the second optical frequency matches a feature of the at least one absorption line;
and wherein the signal processor is further configured to determine a pathlength difference between at least two optical paths of the first and second plurality of optical paths using the synthetic wavelength.

US Pat. No. 10,247,537

GRID DIAGRAM CREATION AND OPERATION CONTROL

SMA Solar Technology AG, ...

1. A method of determining a topology of a grid section of an AC power grid, the grid section comprising a grid connection point, at least one branch branching off from the grid connection point and including a plurality of energy generation units, and at least one measurement point in the at least one branch, the method comprising:measuring a grid voltage at the at least one measurement point with a voltage measuring device;
feeding at least one of an active power and a reactive power of at least two individual energy generation units of the plurality of energy generation units to the grid connection point via a branch of the at least one branch;
determining, using a controller, dependencies of variations of the grid voltage at the at least one measurement point based on variations of connection power values of the at least two individual energy generation units of the plurality of energy generation units, the connection power values comprising measured connection power values of at least one of the at least two individual energy generation units, wherein the connection power values are measured at the at least two individual energy generation units of the plurality of energy generation units with a power value measuring device;
forcing, using the controller, the variations of the connection power values of at least one of the at least some two individual energy generation units with a characteristic time course;
assigning variations of the grid voltage to the individual energy generation units based on the characteristic time courses of their connection power values; and
determining, using the controller, electric relative positions of the at least two individual energy generation units with regard to the at least one measurement point and the grid connection point from the determined dependencies.

US Pat. No. 10,247,536

DIFFERENTIAL COMPENSATOR TO REDUCE UNCERTAINTY IN DETERMINATION OF MOVEMENT OF A STRUCTURAL MEMBER

THE UNITED STATES OF AMER...

1. A differential compensator to reduce uncertainty in determination of movement of a structural member, the differential compensator comprising:a first probe line comprising a first coefficient of thermal expansion to attach to the structural member and to provide a first combination of displacement of the structural member and a first expansion of the first probe line in response to movement of the structural member and expansion of the first probe line; and
a second probe line comprising a second coefficient of thermal expansion that is different than the first coefficient of thermal expansion, the second probe line to attach to the structural member at a position on the structural member proximate to a point of attachment of the first probe line to the structural member and to provide a second combination of displacement of the structural member and second expansion of the second probe line in response to movement of the structural member and expansion of the second probe line.

US Pat. No. 10,247,535

HALL DETECTION DEVICE FOR THICKNESS OF SHEET MEDIUM

GRG Banking Equipment Co....

1. A Hall thickness detection device for a sheet-like medium, comprising:a mounting frame,
a reference shaft which has two ends mounted to the mounting frame via bearings, and
a floating roller assembly,
wherein a mounting frame configured to mount and carry the reference shaft and floating roller assembly;
wherein the floating roller assembly comprises:
a holder,
at least one floating roller, wherein one end of the holder is fixedly mounted with respect to the mounting frame through a floating roller rotating shaft, and another end of the holder is rotationally assembled to the floating roller to form a free end,
a torsion spring, which is provided between the floating roller rotating shaft and the holder to allow the floating roller to elastically press against the reference shaft,
a detection block, which is fixedly mounted to a side, facing away from the floating roller, of the holder; and
a sensor, which is opposed to the detection block and fixedly mounted with respect to the mounting frame for detecting displacement of the detection block in a non-contact manner,
wherein a connection line between an axial center of the floating roller and an axial center of the reference shaft is in line with a detection center of the detection block and a detection center of the sensor, an elastically pressing point of the floating roller pressing against the reference shaft forms a tangent point, a distance from an axial center of the floating roller rotating shaft to the tangent point is equal to a distance from the axial center of the floating roller rotating shaft to a detection center of a surface of the detection block, and a connection line from the tangent point to the axial center of the floating roller rotating shaft is at an angle of 45 degrees with respect to a direction of a conveying path of the sheet-like medium.

US Pat. No. 10,247,534

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING FEEDSCREW AND BARREL WEAR

GLYCON CORP., Tecumseh, ...

1. An assembly for determining wear of a feedscrew comprising:a barrel having a central bore extending along a longitudinal axis and a measuring aperture extending radially from the central bore to an outer surface of the barrel, the measuring aperture including an internally threaded portion, the feedscrew being rotatably disposed in the central bore; and
a probe configured for removable insertion into the measuring aperture, the probe including a measuring sensor, a longitudinally extending stem, and a retainer slidably disposed over the stem, the retainer including an externally threaded portion configured to mate with the internally threaded portion of the measuring aperture when the probe is inserted into the measuring aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,247,533

ISCHIAL TUBEROSITY MEASUREMENT TOOL

1. A bicycle saddle fit system comprising a base, at least one impression pad of sufficient size to span the Ischial Tuberosity (IT) bones of a user and removably fastened to said base; said at least one impression pad being made of a material with sufficient shape memory to maintain impressions long enough to permit the measurement of a distance between impressions left by a user sitting and standing during the measurement process; a substrate layer extending laterally beyond the perimeter and securely fixed to the at least one impression pads; a set of ferrous metal balls that will self-level on the at least one impression pad, wherein said ferrous balls will be placed in the impressions left by the user in said impression pad; a detached measurement gauge comprising a scale used to measure from the center of each of said ferrous metal balls after each metal balls are placed on the at least one impression pads which will indicate the distance between the IT impressions of the cyclist previously seated on the at least one impression pads; wherein when the measurement gauge is placed over a saddle will clearly show the amount of drop from a level surface to the point of contact of the users' IT.

US Pat. No. 10,247,532

TUBING PIPE SIZING TOOL

1. A tubing pipe sizing tool comprising:a main body;
a measuring portion provided on a first part of the main body in a first direction;
a handle-installing hole provided on an external surface of the main body on a second part of the main body in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction;
a bump portion provided around an opening of the handle-installing hole; and
a handle engaging the handle-installing hole fixedly facilitates pipe sizing,
wherein the main body has a cylindrical shape,
wherein the measuring portion is provided along a central axis of the cylindrical shape of the main body,
wherein the measuring portion comprises a measuring tube portion extending in the first direction for measuring an outer diameter of an external pipe,
wherein the main body, the measuring portion, and the handle-installing hole are monolithic, and
wherein the bump portion has a cylindrical shape protruding in the direction of the handle, configured for being hit loose by an external force.

US Pat. No. 10,247,531

MONOLITHIC FRAGMENTATION CASING

1. A fragmentation casing, comprising:a monolithic tube being defined by an alternating axial arrangement of first rings and second rings,
each of said first rings being a contiguous ring of fused powder defining spaced-apart first elements of said fused powder and at least one second element of said fused powder joining adjacent ones of said spaced-apart first elements, wherein each of said at least one second element is smaller than each of said spaced-apart first elements, and
each of said second rings being a contiguous lattice of said fused powder, wherein each of said spaced-apart first elements is contiguous with a portion of said contiguous lattice associated with at least one of said second rings.

US Pat. No. 10,247,530

PROJECTILE WITH SINGLE-PIECE MAIN BODY

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. A projectile comprising:a one-piece body;
a divert thruster system; and
an attitude control system;
wherein the attitude control system includes a pressurized fluid in a pressurized fluid cavity defined by the body;
wherein the divert thruster system includes fuel, and an oxidizer in one or more additional cavities defined by the body;
wherein the body defines one or more combustion cavities for combustion of the fuel and the oxidizer;
wherein the body defines one or more passages connecting the pressurized fluid cavity to components of the attitude control system that are external to the body, aft of the body;
wherein the attitude control system includes attitude control thrusters that are external to the body; and
wherein the attitude control thrusters are cold gas thrusters or warm gas thrusters.

US Pat. No. 10,247,529

REACTIVE SHOT SHELL FOR BREACHING BARRIERS

1. A shot shell comprising:a casing;
a projectile, located within said casing, includes
a reactive material (RM) pellet; and
an inert capsule partially covers said RM pellet, wherein said inert capsule includes a nose having metal powder and an annulus having metal powder, wherein said metal powder in said nose has a higher density than said metal powder in said annulus;
a wad, located within said casing, includes a sabot; and
a propellant and a primer for igniting said propellant.

US Pat. No. 10,247,528

TARGETS

1. A target, comprising a sheet of a material, the sheet includes an uprange-facing surface, a downrange-facing surface, an upper end, a lower end, and opposed sides each formed with an origami structure, each said origami structure is a partially cut-out and foldable structure formed in the material of the sheet being foldable from an unfolded condition to a folded condition, wherein each said origami structure is flattened in a direction toward the downrange-facing surface of the sheet, when in the unfolded condition, and forms a sleeve structure deployed rearwardly from the downrange-facing surface of the sheet that is adapted to receive a support pole therein for retaining the sheet to the support pole, when in the folded condition.

US Pat. No. 10,247,526

EXPLOSIVE INITIATION SAFETY AND HANDLING SYSTEM FOR EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL ROBOTS

The United States of Amer...

1. A system comprising:a spool base frame having an initiator, an interrupter, control electronics, and a proximity sensor connected thereto;
wherein the spool base frame is configured to hold a shock tube spooling mechanism;
wherein the interrupter is configured to allow installation and spooling of a spool of shock tube disposed on the shock tube spooling mechanism;
wherein the interrupter is configured to cut spooled shock tube from the spool of shock tube;
wherein the control electronics are configured to send a signal directing the interrupter to cut the spooled shock tube from the spool;
wherein the interrupter is configured to physically redirect and splice the cut shock tube to a second shock tube connected to the initiator; and
wherein the interrupter is configured to discharge the cut shock tube after the shock tube is fired and spent.

US Pat. No. 10,247,525

ELECTRICAL DISCHARGE SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR NEUTRALIZING EXPLOSIVE DEVICES AND ELECTRONICS

Xtreme ADS Limited, Ande...

1. An apparatus comprising:an electrical power supply providing a pulsed electrical potential above 30,000 volts with at least 30 Joules of energy per pulse;
a cathode emitter constructed and arranged to be moved along the earth in direct contact with the earth, wherein the cathode emitter is electrically coupled to the electrical power supply and wherein the cathode emitter is constructed and arranged to discharge the pulsed electrical potential into the earth; and,
a vehicle constructed and arranged to move the cathode emitter along the earth in direct contact with the earth.

US Pat. No. 10,247,524

COLLAR CLIP FOR BEAR SPRAY AND CROWD CONTROL AEROSOL DEVICES

Avanti USA Ltd., Tonawan...

1. A collar clip for securing an aerosol canister, comprising:a collar arranged to engage the aerosol canister, including:
a top;
a bottom;
a first outward facing surface;
a first inward facing surface; and,
a notch arranged proximate the top and extending radially outward from the first outward facing surface; and,
a clip, including:
a first end connected to the collar;
a second end;
a second inward facing surface; and,
a second outward facing surface.

US Pat. No. 10,247,523

COMPOSITE LAMINATES INCORPORATING VERTICALLY ALIGNED CARBON NANOTUBES FOR BALLISTIC AND LOW VELOCITY IMPACT PROTECTION

Fortified Composites LLC,...

1. A collision-protected system of interest comprising a composite laminate positioned on or about the system of interest requiring collision protection to provide impact protection from an arbitrary impacting body, the composite laminate consisting of:at least one layer of carbon nanotube (CNT) forest that is vertically aligned in makeup having a bulk density of approximately 0.54 g/cm3 with a nominal areal density of 0.08 g/cm2 and
a plurality of individual sheets of reinforcing fibers stacked one atop another with the at least one layer of CNT forest sandwiched and infused with a resin to form the composite laminate, wherein the at least one layer of CNT forest is formed as its own layer separate from the plurality of individual sheets of reinforcing fibers, and wherein the predetermined fiber orientation varies depending on desired material performance or reinforcement.

US Pat. No. 10,247,522

COMPOSITE BALLISTIC RESISTANT LAMINATE

E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AN...

1. An unconsolidated impact and penetration resistant laminate comprising a plurality of cross-plied sheets, each cross-plied sheet further comprising (i) first and second layers of fibrous or non-fibrous ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene and (ii) first and second layers of thermoplastic adhesive, each adhesive layer having a basis weight of no greater than 5 gsm, wherein the thermoplastic adhesive has a zero-shear-rate viscosity, as measured by ASTM D 4440, of at least 1500 Pa-s and wherein(a) the layers of polyethylene and thermoplastic adhesive alternate within the sheet,
(b) greater than 50 percent of the polyethylene layers are arranged such that the orientation of the first polyethylene layer is offset with respect to the orientation of the second polyethylene layer, and
(c) the plurality of cross-plied sheets form a stack that does not suffer a pressure loss greater than 8 bar within the first two minutes of compaction under Test Method B.

US Pat. No. 10,247,521

ARMOR COMPONENT

1. An armor component comprising:a body including a first portion including:
a first phase comprising silicon carbide (SiC), wherein the first phase has an average grain size (GS1) of not greater than about 6 microns;
a second phase comprising calcium boride (CaB6), wherein the second phase has an average grain size (GS2) of not greater than GS1;
a density of at least about 80% theoretical density; and
wherein the body includes a first content (C1) of the first phase and a second content (C2) of the second phase, and wherein C1? C2.

US Pat. No. 10,247,520

TACTICAL ACCESSORY ATTACHMENT SYSTEM

1. A coupling assembly of the type for rapidly connecting and disconnecting an accessory tool to a support structure through a straight-line motion, said assembly comprising:a dock, said dock including a tang slot, a core plug slidably disposed in said tang slot, said core plug having a nose end, said tang slot configured to receive at least a portion of said nose end of said core plug, at least one core spring operatively disposed in bias against said core plug,
an accessory tool, said accessory tool including a tang having a cross-section configured to fit matingly within said tang slot in said dock, said accessory tool including a notch disposed in said tang,
a lock switch supported on said dock for selective movement between locked and unlocked positions, said lock switch engageable with said tang of said accessory tool in said locked position to hold said tang securely in said tang slot, and said lock switch disengageable from said tang of said accessory tool in said unlocked position to permit disconnection of said accessory tool from said dock, said lock switch having a bolt disposed in said notch of said tang when said lock switch is in said locked position, said lock switch has an open inner region generally surrounding said tang slot and moveable transversely relative thereto, said bolt comprising an inset formation within said open inner region.

US Pat. No. 10,247,519

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING LINE OF SIGHT DRIFT

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. A system for adjusting a line of sight to a target in an image, the system comprising:an optical assembly having a field of view from which the image is generated;
a display window for viewing a line of sight to the target in the image;
a controller configured to operate in an automatic mode for automatically adjusting offsets to a drift in the line of sight to the target in the display window, and in a manual mode to receive operator adjustments to the offsets;
one or more first manual operator controls connected to a digital processor configured to adjust the offsets for the drift in the line of sight in the manual mode;
an operator control switch configured to switch the system between the automatic mode and the manual mode; and
a mode indicator to indicate whether the automatic mode or manual mode is selected.

US Pat. No. 10,247,518

INTERACTIVE WEAPON TARGETING SYSTEM DISPLAYING REMOTE SENSED IMAGE OF TARGET AREA

AEROVIRONMENT, INC., Mon...

1. A device comprising:a fire control controller, wherein the fire control controller determines a predicted impact point of a selected weapon and associated round, and wherein the fire control controller transmits information on the predicted impact point to a sensor controller on an aerial vehicle housing a remote sensor to direct the pointing of the remote sensor of the aerial vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,247,517

SYSTEMS, METHODS, AND DEVICES FOR ELECTRONICALLY DISPLAYING INDIVIDUAL SHOTS FROM MULTIPLE SHOTS ON ONE PHYSICAL TARGET

1. A system for improving shooting skills of a user shooting at a physical target, the system comprising:a first camera;
an alignment device attached to the first camera, the alignment device configured to enable the user to align the first camera relative to the physical target; and
a computer having an executable software program, the computer comprising a processing unit, a system memory, at least one input device and at least one output device, wherein the processing unit, the system memory, the at least one input device and the at least one output device communicate through a bus, and the system memory is configured to store the executable software program;
the executable software program configured to
capture a first image of the physical target from the first camera directed to the physical target before any shots are fired;
capture a second image of the physical target from the first-camera, the second image being captured after a shot is fired at the physical target;
display on a display a computer-processed representation of the first image and repeatably alternating the first image with the second image whereby the shot fired at the physical target appears to blink on the display; and
allow the user to associate at least one data-characteristic with the location of the shot on the physical target.

US Pat. No. 10,247,516

RANGE FINDER DEVICE WITH CORRECTION RETICLE

1. An integrated device, comprising:a range finder device configured to determine a distance to a target in a field of view; and
a sight device that operates to aim a projectile device that is coupled to the integrated device, wherein the sight device comprises a display device configured to present:
a first output representative of the distance to the target;
a second output representative of image data received from a camera device, wherein the image data depicts a portion of the field of view that includes the target; and
a correction reticle configured to correct an aiming point based on the distance to the target, wherein the correction reticle comprises a center element representing the aiming point at a default distance and vertical aiming elements, distributed vertically on the correction reticle, that are selectable as the aiming point based on the distance to the target and a configuration of the projectile device.

US Pat. No. 10,247,515

HOLOGRAPHIC SIGHT WITH OPTIMIZED REFLECTION AND IMAGE ANGLES

Ziel Optics, Inc., Ann A...

1. A holographic gun sight, comprising:a housing having a viewing end and an opposing target end, a viewing path being defined from the viewing end to the target end;
a light source operable to project a light beam along a path; and
a reflection-type holographic optical element (HOE) having a surface, the HOE disposed in the path of the light beam such that the HOE is illuminated by the light beam at an incidence angle defined with respect to a line perpendicular to the surface of the HOE, the HOE reconstructing an object beam with an image of a reticle, the object beam having an object beam angle measured with respect to the line perpendicular to the surface of the HOE, a positive incidence angle and a positive object beam angle defined as being on opposite sides of the perpendicular line;
wherein the absolute difference between the incidence angle of the light beam and the object beam angle is greater than zero and less than or equal to 30 degrees.

US Pat. No. 10,247,514

WATERPROOF HOLSTER

Serco

1. A waterproof holster, the holster comprising:a main body and a cover, the main body and cover secured to each other by a hinge, the hinge operative to permit movement of the main body and cover relative to each other about the hinge;
wherein movement of the main body and cover about the hinge allows the holster to be moved between a closed configuration to an open configuration;
wherein when in the closed configuration, the main body and cover cooperatively form an interior cavity in which a weapon can be stored and protected from exposure to the elements;
wherein when in the open configuration, a user can access the interior cavity in order to store or retrieve the weapon;
a holster latch, the holster latch positioned at a location substantially opposition to a location where the hinge is positioned, the latch comprising complimentary structures located on the main body and cover which when engaged maintain the holster in the closed configuration, and when disengaged permit the holster to be moved to the open configuration;
a sealing component, the sealing component positioned between an inner aspect of the main body and an inner aspect of the cover, and configured to seal off the inner cavity of the holster off from the exterior environment of the holster when the holster is in the closed configuration; and
a dock, the dock movable between an open position and a closed position, the dock secured to the interior of the holster by a dock hinge; wherein the dock is configured to engage a portion of the weapon to be stored within the holster; wherein the portion of the weapon to be engaged by the dock is a barrel; and wherein the dock is configured such that the dock surrounds a portion of the barrel of the weapon when the weapon is engaged by the dock.

US Pat. No. 10,247,513

LOCKING MECHANISMS FOR AND METHOD OF SECURING FIREARM COMPONENTS IN THE STOCK, BUTT, AND/OR GRIP OF A COLLAPSIBLE FIREARM

Bradford L. Goldense, De...

1. A locking mechanism for a collapsible firearm, comprising:a. one or more locking members, comprising a first end and a second end, the first end comprising a stop, wherein the one or more locking members are configured to be received by one or more clearance channels formed in one of a shoulder stock, butt, or handgrip of the collapsible firearm, and wherein a first one of the one or more locking members is configured to pass through a first one of the one or more clearance channels from a first exterior side to a second exterior side of the one of the shoulder stock, butt, or handgrip, such that a portion of the second end of the at least one of the one or more locking members protrudes from the second exterior side of the one of the shoulder stock, butt, or handgrip; and
b. a securing mechanism configured to engage with the second end of the first one of the one or more locking members that protrudes from the second exterior side of the one of the shoulder stock, butt, or handgrip.

US Pat. No. 10,247,512

SPLIT STOCK ASSEMBLY

1. A firearm comprisinga) an action;
b) a grip attached to said action, wherein said grip has a recess disposed on a back portion of said grip;
c) a stock removably secured to said grip, wherein said stock has a protrusion disposed on a front portion of said stock, wherein said protrusion is disposed within said recess;
d) one or more pin assemblies comprising a pin and a set screw;
e) wherein said grip further comprises one or more channels disposed in said grip;
f) wherein each of said one or more pin assemblies is respectively disposed in said one or more channels; and
g) wherein said set screw has a threaded exterior surface engaging an inner surface of said channel and an inner recess, wherein said pin is disposed in said inner recess of said set screw.

US Pat. No. 10,247,511

PROJECTILE LAUNCHER

X PRODUCTS LLC, Vancouve...

1. A launcher comprising:an elongated cylindrical body defining a projectile bore having a bore axis;
the body having an open forward exit end;
the body having a gas inlet facility at an opposed rear end;
a movable latch element connected to the body and having a latch portion movable between a retention position in which the latch portion protrudes into the bore and a release position;
the latch element being biased to the retention position such that a projectile in the bore rearward of the latch is retained by the latch portion except until a gas pressure above a selected amount builds up behind the projectile to overcome the biasing of the latch and launch the projectile;
wherein the body defines a latch aperture, and wherein a first portion of the latch resides outside the bore, and the latch portion extends through the latch aperture onto the bore; and
wherein the latch aperture is located at an intermediate position on the body between the exit end and the rear end.

US Pat. No. 10,247,510

COMPOSITE WHIP

1. A composite whip comprising:(a) a handle;
(b) an outer sleeve connected to said handle, where said outer sleeve extends distally from the interior of said handle;
(c) an inner cable within said outer sleeve;
(d) a distal anchor, which anchors said inner cable to the distal end of said outer sleeve; and
(e) an anchor, which anchors said inner cable to the proximal end of said outer sleeve.

US Pat. No. 10,247,509

FIRE STARTING FLARES LAUNCHER

1. A single-shot, non-automatic reloading launcher device comprising:an upper receiver and a lower receiver modified to create a single unified receiver;
a welded magazine block inside of said single, unified receiver, said magazine block being configured to receive a specialized magazine, said specialized magazine allowing only the receipt of a single blank round;
an outer tube of sufficient size to house an item to be launched;
a gas plug positioned between said outer tube and said single, unified receiver where said single blank round is received;
a firing pin positioned proximate said single blank round;
a slam fire bolt actuator positioned proximate said firing pin;
a buffer tube proximate said slam fire bolt actuator that is activated by a drop bolt lever wherein said buffer tube is surrounded by an activating buffer coil that provides the pressure to strike said firing pin to ignite the launcher.

US Pat. No. 10,247,508

AIR DISTRIBUTION DEVICE FOR A DUAL BARREL PNEUMATIC GUN

1. An air distribution device for a dual barrel air gun, wherein said air distribution device is comprised of:a body portion comprised of a bottom and an air intake opening positioned along said bottom;
a selector stem;
a first transfer port; and
a second transfer port.

US Pat. No. 10,247,507

CROSSBOW TRIGGER WITH DECOCKING MECHANISM

MCP IP, LLC, Sparta, WI ...

15. A crossbow trigger comprising:a trigger;
an arrow sensor moveable between first and second orientations;
a safety mechanism arranged to contact the arrow sensor and prevent operation of the trigger;
a disengage selector moveable between first and second positions;
wherein movement of the arrow sensor from the first orientation to the second orientation causes the disengage selector to move from the second position to the first position.

US Pat. No. 10,247,506

INDIRECT FIRE MISSION TRAINING SYSTEM—ARTILLERY AMMUNITION MANAGEMENT

Cubic Corporation, San D...

1. An indirect fire mission training round, comprising:a projectile training shell having an outer periphery, a proximal end, and a distal end, the proximal end defining an interior chamber, the projectile training shell being configured to be inserted within a cavity of a projectile firing instrument;
an interlock member configured to securely receive a proximal portion of a subsequent training round within the interior chamber of the projectile training shell; and
a resistance brake extending outward from the outer periphery and configured to contact a wall of the cavity of the firing instrument and provide resistance that secures the projectile training shell at a position within the cavity, wherein the resistance brake is selectively disengageable such that the position of the projectile training shell is adjustable.

US Pat. No. 10,247,505

TRIGGER PULL TRAINING DEVICE

TRIGGERMASTER, LLC, West...

1. A firearm training system for graphically indicating movement of a firearm body of a firearm during a trigger pull to a user, the system comprising:a motion sensing circuit disposable on the firearm body, the motion sensing circuit configured to detect movement of the firearm body relative to a fixed reference frame and emit a firearm motion signal representative of the movement of the firearm body;
an electronic device comprising an electronic visual display including a graphical display representative of a physical plane of the firearm body including at least two dimensions along which the firearm body may travel relative to the fixed reference frame; and
a barrel displacement indicator associated with the firearm motion signal graphed on the graphical display, the barrel displacement indicator corresponding to actual movement of the firearm body in the at least two dimensions relative to the fixed reference frame during the trigger pull by the user, wherein the barrel displacement indicator correlates barrel movement with trigger pull and includes a line that extends from a barrel zero position representative of the position of a firearm barrel of the firearm body relative to the fixed reference frame at initiation of the trigger pull, wherein the barrel zero position is set at an origin of at least two axes representative of the at least two dimensions the firearm barrel may move relative to the fixed reference frame during the trigger pull, and wherein the line extends from the barrel zero position to a final barrel displacement position corresponding to the position of the firearm barrel within the at least two dimensions, relative to the barrel zero position, when the trigger pull is complete.

US Pat. No. 10,247,504

MILITARY VESSEL

THYSSENKRUPP MARINE SYSTE...

1. A military vessel comprising:a directable weapon; and
an antenna configured to be swiveled from a first position in which the antenna is disposed substantially vertically to a second position in which a height of the antenna above the vessel is reduced to increase a directing range of the directable weapon relative to the first position,
wherein the antenna is configured as a linear antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,247,503

TRIGGER

Pressure Break, LLC, Gra...

1. A trigger comprising:a trigger body having an elongated shape with a front surface that extends across a width between a left edge and a right edge and the trigger body having a slot between the left edge and the right edge; and
a pair of spaced apart protrusions that extend above the front surface of the trigger body so that a central portion of the front surface extends between the pair of protrusions and so that the slot extends between the pair of protrusions, one of the pair of protrusions being proximate the left edge and the other of the pair of protrusions being proximate the right edge, the pair of protrusions configured to prevent user contact with the central portion of the front surface of the trigger body,
wherein the pair of spaced apart protrusions are configured to be engaged by a digit of a user to pull the trigger and provide two points of contact to increase mechanoreceptor stimulation in the digit.

US Pat. No. 10,247,502

SAFETY PIN MECHANISM IN DOUBLE ACTION TRIGGERS

SAMS UN YURT SAVUNMA SANA...

1. A safety pin mechanism in double action triggers, comprising a body, a trigger and a trigger locking pin, wherein the trigger locking pin comprises a first axis, a second axis, a pin's remaining part, a round core connection part, a basement part, a sharp tip, a lower base, a lower part and a tip part, wherein the safety pin mechanism is scaled based on the first axis; a positioning of the first axis is 1.2 millimeters below a top of the pin's remaining part; the pin's remaining part is placed in the body; the first axis horizontally passes through a center of the round core connection part; the round core connection part is connected to the trigger and the trigger locking pin; a wall of the basement part of the trigger locking pin abuts in the body to provide a safety; the basement part is designed to make 3 degrees angle with the first axis; the basement part is 0.8 millimeters below the second axis; the sharp tip of the trigger locking pin is designed to make an 18 degrees angle with the first axis; a first distance between the sharp tip of the trigger locking pin and the center of the round core connection part is 8.5 millimeters; the sharp tip holds on the body, and the trigger locking pin is in front of the trigger in involuntary trigger pressing actions; a second distance between the lower base and the center of the round core connection part is 4.5 millimeters; the second axis is parallel to the basement part; the second axis passes through the center of the round core connection part; a top of the lower part is 2.5 millimeters away from the second axis; a third distance between the tip part and a front of the lower part is a total measure of 32.2 millimeters, wherein the lower part forms the trigger; and the tip part stays in the body.

US Pat. No. 10,247,501

TOOL AND METHOD FOR MODIFYING A MAGAZINE LOCK

Stage 5 Enterprises, LLC,...

14. A kit for modifying a firearm having an upper receiver, a lower receiver, and a releasable magazine that releases when the upper receiver rotates away from the lower receiver, the kit comprising:a firing pin having a striking end; and
a hammer with a depression disposed in a front surface thereof, the front surface configured to engage the striking end of the firing pin when the upper receiver is next to the lower receiver, the depression configured to align with the striking end of the firing pin when the upper receiver rotates away from the lower receiver, and the front surface of the hammer defining sidewalls surrounding the depression to engage a recoiling mechanism allowing the hammer to be cocked.

US Pat. No. 10,247,500

MODULAR BOLT ASSEMBLY WITH FLOATING FIRE PIN

FN AMERICA, LLC, McLean,...

1. A removable bolt head for a modular bolt assembly, the bolt head comprising:a cartridge engagement surface,
a back end configured to removably mate with a bolt body,
a longitudinal bore extending between the cartridge engagement surface and the back end, the longitudinal bore having a length,
a detent member positioned in the bore, and
a floating firing pin secured within the bolt head and having a primer contact surface and a striker contact surface, wherein the floating firing pin is positioned in the longitudinal bore and comprises a pin flange configured to contact the detent member when the floating firing pin is in a retracted position, thereby securing the floating firing pin in the bolt head, and further wherein the length of the floating firing pin is less than the length of the longitudinal bore.

US Pat. No. 10,247,499

AMMUNITION MANAGEMENT DEVICE

MagPump, LLC, Henrietta,...

1. An ammunition management device comprising:a hopper configured to extend along a vertical plane when the ammunition management device is vertically oriented, wherein the hopper comprises a surface, wherein the surface comprises an upper surface portion defining a hopper opening and a lower surface portion defining an outlet, wherein:
the surface defines a space configured to receive a plurality of ammunition units;
each of the ammunition units comprises a first end and a second end;
each of the ammunition units is configured to comprise a first position within the space in which the ammunition unit extends along a first axis that intersects with the vertical plane;
the outlet extends along an outlet plane that intersects with the vertical plane;
the outlet is configured to output the ammunition units; and
when the ammunition management device is vertically oriented, the surface is downwardly-sloped and configured to enable the ammunition units to freely reorient while moving along the surface toward the outlet,
an agitator comprising an agitation member configured to: (a) extend through the outlet plane; and (b) be at least partially positioned in the space, wherein the agitation member is configured to move so as to intersect with the outlet plane so as to agitate the ammunition units in the hopper;
a body supporting the hopper and the agitator, wherein the body defines an inlet configured to receive the ammunition units,
wherein the body comprises:
an opening configured to receive an end of a gun magazine that comprises a mouth; and
a drive member configured to force each one of the ammunition units into the mouth of the gun magazine; and
one or more actuators operatively coupled to the agitator and the drive member,
wherein, when the ammunition management device is vertically oriented, the vertical plane extends downward from the hopper to the body, passing through the hopper and the body;
wherein, with respect to each of the ammunition units:
the hopper and the body are configured to enable the ammunition unit to be reoriented from the first position to a second position before the drive member forces the ammunition unit into the mouth of the gun magazine;
the reorientation of the ammunition unit from the first position to the second position is based, at least partially, on gravity; and
in the second position:
the first end of the ammunition unit is positioned downward from the second end when the ammunition management device is vertically oriented; and
the ammunition unit extends along a second axis, wherein the second axis is one of parallel to the vertical plane and substantially parallel to the vertical plane.

US Pat. No. 10,247,498

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MAGAZINE WITH ROLLED FEED LIPS

1. A magazine for use in a firearm, the magazine comprising:a housing defining an interior portion of the magazine for housing one or more ammunition cartridges, the housing having first and second sides;
a first feed lip coupled and integral with to the first side of the housing, wherein the first feed lip is operable to retain the one or more ammunition cartridges in the magazine, the first feed lip including a first arcuate portion extending from the housing and toward a centerline of the housing, and a second arcuate portion extending from the first arcuate portion and back toward the first side of the housing; and
a second feed lip coupled to and integral with the second side of the housing, wherein the second feed lip is operable to retain the one or more ammunition cartridges in the magazine, the second feed lip including a first arcuate portion extending from the housing and toward the centerline of the housing, and a second arcuate portion extending from the first arcuate portion and back toward the second side of the housing;
wherein the first arcuate portion and second arcuate portion of the first feed lip define a semicircular shape having a first end extending from the first side of the housing and a second end terminating adjacent to an interior surface of the first side of the housing; and wherein the first arcuate portion and second arcuate portion of the second feed lip define a semicircular shape having a first end extending from the second side of the housing and a second end terminating adjacent to an interior surface of the second side of the housing; and
wherein the second end of the first arcuate portion of the first feed lip contacts the interior surface of the first side of the housing; and wherein the second end of the first arcuate portion of the second feed lip contacts the interior surface of the second side of the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,247,497

FIREARM GAS REDIRECTION ASSEMBLY

1. A firearm gas redirection assembly, the assembly comprising:a bolt frame comprising a bolt frame lip surface and a bolt, the bolt operable to slide rearwardly immediately upon discharge of a firearm, the bolt further operable to recoil slide rearwardly after discharge of the firearm, the bolt frame further comprising a striker concentric to the bolt, the bolt frame further comprising a rotary cam that opens the bolt;
a barrel defined by an elongated body, an inner barrel sidewall, an outer barrel sidewall, a rear end, and a forward end terminating at a muzzle, the forward end forming at least one gas vent; the barrel is fixed motionless on the frame, the barrel further being defined by a barrel locking lug; and
a jet nozzle concentrically coupled around the barrel, the jet nozzle integrated with the bolt frame, the jet nozzle defined by an inner jet sidewall, an outer jet sidewall, and a jet nozzle edge,
whereby the inner jet sidewall and the outer barrel sidewall form a gas space that is in communication with the bolt frame,
whereby discharge of the firearm forces a gas through from the at least one gas vent against the jet nozzle edge through the gas space,
whereby the discharged gas displaces the bolt frame rearwardly.

US Pat. No. 10,247,496

CHARGING HANDLE WITH IMPROVED GAS DEFLECTION

ABRAMS AIRBORNE MANUFACTU...

1. A charging handle for an associated firearm that has an associated action mechanism and that is operative to generate associated discharge gases, said charging handle comprising:a pull rod member extending in a lengthwise direction between a proximal end and a distal end;
a handle portion disposed along said proximal end of said pull rod member, said handle portion having a first side and a second side facing opposite said first side, said handle portion including:
a first curvilinear surface portion along said first side of said handle portion;
a second curvilinear surface portion along said first side of said handle portion, said second curvilinear portion disposed in spaced relation to said first curvilinear portion in a direction opposite said second side; and,
a third curvilinear surface portion along said first side of said handle portion, said third curvilinear surface portion disposed between said first and second curvilinear surface portions and extending into said handle portion in a direction outward of said first and second curvilinear surface portions at least partially forming a curvilinear recess; and,
a curvilinear pliable seal disposed along said handle portion adjacent said proximal end of said pull rod member with a first portion of said curvilinear pliable seal disposed within said curvilinear recess, said curvilinear pliable seal dimensioned to operatively engage the associated action mechanism and thereby at least partially deflect associated discharge gases flowing in said lengthwise direction toward said handle portion.

US Pat. No. 10,247,495

FLUID HEAT EXCHANGE APPARATUS WITH RECIRCULATING STRUCTURE

Acer Incorporated, New T...

1. A fluid heat exchange apparatus comprising:a casing having a chamber, an inlet and an outlet, the chamber communicating between the inlet and the outlet, the inlet being configured to allow a first fluid to flow into the chamber, and the outlet being configured to allow the first fluid and a second fluid to flow out of the chamber, wherein the second fluid is formed by condensing a plurality of bubbles in the chamber;
a heat dissipating device disposed in the chamber; and
a recirculating structure disposed in the chamber and located between the inlet and the heat dissipating device,
wherein the recirculating structure is composed of a first channel, a second channel, and one partition therebetween,
wherein the first and the second channels are formed by the partition being disposed in a portion of the chamber,
wherein the second and the first channels are disposed in a high-and-low manner, the second channel is located above the first channel, and the second channel is located above the heat dissipating device in the chamber,
wherein the first channel has a first entrance and a first exit, the second channel has a second entrance and a second exit, the first entrance and the second exit being communicated to the inlet, and the heat-dissipating device disposed between the first exit and the outlet, and the inlet is disposed perpendicularly above the chamber and adjacent to the first entrance and second exit such that an entrance direction of the first fluid is from a direction perpendicularly above the second exit.

US Pat. No. 10,247,494

METHOD FOR NEGATING DEPOSITS USING TURBULENCE

Sustainable Energy Soluti...

1. A method for preventing fouling of a surface of a process side of an operating heat exchanger, the method comprising:providing a carrier liquid to an inlet of the process side of the operating heat exchanger, wherein:
the carrier liquid contains a potential fouling agent;
the potential fouling agent is entrained in the carrier liquid, dissolved in the carrier liquid, or a combination thereof; and, the potential fouling agent fouls the surface of the process side of the operating heat exchanger by condensation, crystallization, solidification, desublimation, reaction, deposition, or combinations thereof; providing a gas-injection device on the inlet of the process side of the operating heat exchanger;
wherein the gas-injection device comprises a plurality of nozzles, the plurality of nozzles are placed in a pattern around the inlet to the process side of the operating heat exchanger;
injecting a non-reactive gas into the carrier liquid through the gas-injection device, wherein the non-reactive gas will not foul the surface of the process side of the operating heat exchanger and will not condense into the carrier liquid;
wherein the non-reactive gas creates a disturbance by increasing flow velocity and creating a shear discontinuity, thereby breaking up crystallization and nucleation sites for the potential fouling agent on the surface of the process side of the heat exchanger;
whereby fouling of the operating heat exchanger is prevented.

US Pat. No. 10,247,493

DEVICE FOR CONTROLLED HEAT TRANSFER TO AND FROM A COMPONENT

Forschungszentrum Juelich...

1. A component coupling system for controllable heat transfer from or to a component,comprising
a carrier plate having a side consisting of a planar face;
at least one first means for spacing disposed on the carrier plate, the first means for spacing having a continuous bottommost surface in a first plane and a continuous topmost surface in a second plane parallel to the first plane, the continuous bottommost surface of the first means for spacing being in contact with the planar face of the carrier plate, and a component disposed on the first means for spacing, the component having a side consisting of a planar face, the planar face of the component being in contact with the continuous topmost surface of the first means for spacing, the carrier plate and the first means for spacing thereby being so configured that the first means for spacing together with the carrier plate and the component form a first cavity, the first cavity being within a perimeter created by the first means for spacing; and
a first line for feeding a fluid medium to or discharging the fluid medium from the first cavity; wherein
the carrier plate and the means for spacing each comprise a ceramic or metallic material.

US Pat. No. 10,247,492

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MINIMIZING THE EFFECT OF AMBIENT CONDITIONS ON THE OPERATION OF A HEAT EXCHANGER

Ormat Technologies Inc., ...

1. A heat exchanger system for cooling liquid, comprising:a heat exchanger having generally rectangular arrangement of a plurality of horizontally spaced finned tube arrays arranged above the ground for cooling fluid flowing in finned tubes of said plurality of horizontally spaced finned tube arrays, the arrangement having longer sides extending in a length direction and shorter sides extending in a width direction;
a plurality of fans provided above the finned tube arrays for inducing air through the finned tube arrays, wherein at least two of said fans are mutually spaced in the width direction; and
at least one wind deflector installed directly on the ground and having a portion located at ground level at a location directly vertically below one fan of said plurality of fans, and separate from any portion of said heat exchanger having said generally rectangular arrangement of a plurality of horizontally spaced finned tube arrays,
wherein said at least one wind deflector diverts wind flowing in an approximately horizontal direction below said heat exchanger to instead flow in a direction that is more vertically upward and toward the axis of at least one of the plurality of fans, so that the fluid flowing in the finned tubes of said plurality of horizontally spaced finned tube arrays is cooled,
wherein said at least one wind deflector is installed at a location directly vertically below said one fan of said plurality of fans such that a vertical line intersecting the axis of said one fan also intersects said portion of said at least one wind deflector.

US Pat. No. 10,247,491

PROCESS OF FRICTION STIR WELDING ON TUBE END JOINTS AND A PRODUCT PRODUCED THEREBY

Lockheed Martin Corporati...

1. A process of connecting a tube to a tube sheet, comprising:inserting a tube end of the tube into a tube sheet hole of the tube sheet with an interference fit between the tube end and the tube sheet that locks the tube end into the tube sheet without flaring or expanding any cross-sectional dimension of the tube end adjacent to the tube sheet; and
friction stir welding the tube to the tube sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,247,490

FLOW FUNNELING INSERT AND HEAT EXCHANGER WITH FLOW FUNNELING ELEMENT

DENSO International Ameri...

1. A heat exchanger comprising:a core body including a first end member, a second end member, and a plurality of tubes that extend longitudinally between the first and second end members;
a first tank fixedly coupled to the first end member, the first tank including a first port, the first tank and first end member defining a first chamber in fluid communication with the first port and a first end of the tubes;
a second tank fixedly coupled to the second end member, the second tank including a second port, the second tank and second end member defining a second chamber in fluid communication with the second port and a second end of the tubes; and
a first set of guide members coupled to the first end member, the first set of guide members cooperating to define a plurality of first funnels, a narrow end of each first funnel being open to an individual one of the tubes, a wide end of each first funnel being open to the first chamber;
wherein the first set of guide members includes a first guide member and a second guide member, the first guide member extending into the first tank a greater distance from the first end member than the second guide member; and
wherein the first guide member includes a first wall and a second wall having different lengths and joined at a peak, the first wall is different from the second wall, the first guide member is asymmetrical about a plane that extends along a width of the peak and extends parallel to a length direction of the tubes.

US Pat. No. 10,247,489

STRUCTURAL DYNAMIC HEAT SINK

International Business Ma...

1. A heat sink, comprising:a base plate having a first face to engage a heat-generating component and a second face;
a fin supported on the second face of the base plate, the fin including a first flexible wall and a second flexible wall; the fin including a channel having a first cross-sectional shape defined, at least in part, by the first flexible wall and the second flexible wall; and
a mechanism that alters the first cross-sectional shape of the channel to a second cross-sectional shape by reconfiguring the first flexible wall responsive to a change in temperature, the mechanism being structurally coupled with the fin;
wherein:
the mechanism includes a compressible device that is coupled with the fin.

US Pat. No. 10,247,488

HEAT DISSIPATION DEVICE

ASIA VITAL COMPONENTS CO....

1. A heat dissipation device, comprising:a substrate having
a top side;
a bottom side; and
a receiving groove disposed in the top side of the substrate, extended through the bottom side of the substrate, and having a first straight section, a second straight section, and a third straight section and an interference section on the first straight section defining a rectangular cross-section protrusion protruding from an inner wall of the receiving groove at a position medial between the top side and the bottom side and
a heat pipe fitted in the receiving groove and having
a first side;
a second side opposite to the first side, the first side and the second side being respectively flush with the top side and the bottom side of the substrate;
a third side between the first and second sides;
a fourth side opposite to the third side, the third side and the fourth side respectively contacting two opposite inner walls of the receiving groove of the substrate to interference-fit the substrate to the heat pipe, wherein the interference section abuts against the third side of the heat pipe and wherein the heat pipe defines corresponding upper and lower deformed portions protruding from the third side defining a corresponding rectangular cross-section gripping recess which grips the interference section from a top side and from a bottom side of the interference section;
a chamber defined by a first inner surface corresponding to the first side, a second inner surface opposite the first inner surface, a third inner surface between the first and second inner surfaces, and a fourth inner surface opposite the third inner surface,
a wick structure formed of at least a first portion arranged on the first inner surface and a second portion arranged on the second inner surface such that the first and second portions of the wick structure do not directly contact each other, and
a working fluid filled in the chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,247,487

HEAT EXCHANGE UNIT

Heat Recovery Solutions L...

1. A heat exchange unit adapted to be connectable to a gas turbine and arranged to be used to recover energy from exhaust gas of a gas turbine to which the unit is attached, the heat exchange unit comprising a gas inlet duct which, in use, is in fluid connection with the gas turbine; and a heat exchange duct connected to the inlet duct, wherein a heat exchange array of a heat exchange system is situated within the heat exchange duct surrounding a maintenance duct and wherein the maintenance duct is arranged to allow access for inspection and/or maintenance of at least part of the heat exchange system.

US Pat. No. 10,247,485

PIPE MEMBER, HEAT PIPE, AND COOLING DEVICE

Marusan Electronics Co., ...

1. A heat pipe member comprising:a main pipe having first and second ends opposite to each other, each of the first and second ends being closed so that the main pipe has a closed inner space;
a partition wall that divides the inner space of the main pipe into four or more passages, the four or more passages being arranged radially around a center axis of the main pipe so that each of the four or more passages extends along the main pipe; and
first and second connection paths that are formed in the vicinity of the first and second ends of the main pipe, respectively, the first connection path being fluidly connected between two adjacent passages of the four or more passages, the second connection path being fluidly connected between the other two adjacent passages of the four or more passages,
wherein the four or more passages, the first connection path, and the second connection path configure a single closed loop through which a working fluid flows.

US Pat. No. 10,247,484

HEAD CONDENSER

Kelvion PHE GmbH, Sarste...

1. A head condenser comprising a plate heat exchanger (2) which comprises first and second channels through which media can flow and which, for a first medium (M1), form tubes between individual plates that are connected to each other to form a pair of plates and, for a second medium (M2), form waves between pairs of plates that are connected to each other to form a stack of plates, and comprising a condenser housing (3) in which the plate heat exchanger (2) is arranged, wherein the condenser housing (3) provides two pressure chambers (4) which are formed on both sides of the plate heat exchanger (2), wherein a first pressure chamber (4) extends over a first large outer surface of the plate heat exchanger (2) and wherein a second pressure chamber (4) extends over a second large outer surface of the plate heat exchanger (2), wherein the first and second pressure chambers (4) are in fluidic connection with the channels through which the second medium (M2), which is a coolant under pressure, is conducted and are connected to a medium supply formed by a first connection flange (10) and to a medium discharge formed by a second connection flange (11), thus defining a flow path for the second medium (M2) which allows the second medium (M2) to flow into the first pressure chamber (4) via the first connection flange (10), to pass from the first pressure chamber (4) on one side of the plate heat exchanger (2) through the plate heat exchanger (2) on a wave side, to flow from the plate heat exchanger (2) into the second pressure chamber (4) on another side of the plate heat exchanger (2) and to be discharged from the second pressure chamber (4) via the second connection flange (11), wherein the first pressure chamber (4) is traversed by a first fluid line (5) and the second pressure chamber (4) is traversed by a second fluid line (5), wherein the first and second fluid lines (5) are in fluidic connection with the first medium (M1) which is to be condensed.

US Pat. No. 10,247,483

EVAPORATIVE COOLING DEVICE

Oxycom Beheer B.V., Raal...

1. An evaporative cooling device comprising:a pair of heat conducting plates arranged in generally parallel relationship, spacing elements comprising thermally insulating resin material separating the plates from one another and defining primary and secondary flow channels between the plates, whereby the plates extend from the primary channels into the secondary channels;
a primary air supply to the primary flow channels;
a secondary air supply to the secondary flow channels;
a hydrophilic layer at least partially covering the plates in the secondary flow channels; and
a water distribution system to provide water to the secondary channels such that a primary air flow through the primary channels may be cooled by heat conduction along the plates to cause evaporation of the water into a secondary air flow through the secondary channels;
wherein the hydrophilic layer is formed from a fibrous material.

US Pat. No. 10,247,482

BENT HEAT EXCHANGER AND METHOD FOR BENDING THE HEAT EXCHANGER

Hangzhou Sanhua Research ...

1. A bent heat exchanger, comprising a first manifold, a second manifold, and a plurality of flat tubes each being configured to communicate the first manifold with the second manifold and having a flow channel, wherein,the flat tube comprises a first straight section, a second straight section and a bent section between the first straight section and the second straight section, fins are provided between the first straight sections of adjacent flat tubes, fins are also provided between the second straight sections of adjacent flat tubes, and no fins are provided between the bent sections of adjacent flat tubes;
the bent section comprises a first twisted section, a second twisted section, and a connecting section between the first twisted section and the second twisted section, and at least a part of a line, formed along a width direction of the flat tube, of a middle portion of an upper surface of the connecting section of the bent section has a linear shape; middle portions of the connecting sections of adjacent flat tubes are arranged to be partially overlapped;
a bending angle is formed at a junction of the connecting section and the first twisted section of the flat tube, as well as a junction of the connecting section and the second twisted section of the flat tube, the bending angle being an acute angle;
a middle portion of a cross-section, taken along a flow direction of the flat tube, of the connecting section has a flat shape;
in the plurality of flat tubes, at least a partial area of an upper surface of the connecting section of the bent section of each of at least a part of the flat tubes is planar; and the connecting section comprises a short edge at a lower position, and a long edge at a higher position, the long edge has a length greater than a length of the short edge, and a middle portion of the long edge has a linear shape;
the connecting section further comprises two arc-shaped lateral edges connecting the short edge with the long edge, the arc-shaped lateral edge on one side is connected to the first twisted section, and the arc-shaped lateral edge on the other side is connected to the second twisted section; and
in two adjacent flat tubes, a portion, close to the long edge, of the middle portion of the connecting section of one flat tube overlaps a portion, close to the short edge, of the middle portion of the connecting section of another flat tube, and there is a gap between portions of the connecting sections of the two adjacent flat tubes except for the overlapped portions.