US Pat. No. 10,215,580

ROUTE-GUIDANCE CONTROL DEVICE, ROUTE-GUIDANCE CONTROL METHOD, AND NAVIGATION SYSTEM

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. A route-guidance control device comprising:a processor; and
a memory coupled to the processor, the memory storing instructions which, when executed by the processor, causes the processor to perform a process including
accessing to a map database storing map information to search for a destination corresponding to an input linguistic expression, using a plurality of search criteria provided with orders of priority;
setting a first destination corresponding to the input linguistic expression, in accordance with the orders of priority; and
setting a range of a neighboring area surrounding the first destination in such manner that the range increases as a distance between a current location and the first destination increases,
wherein the process further includes
allowing output of an inquiry sentence when the current location and a location of the first destination's neighboring area satisfy a setting condition; and
receiving data about a linguistic expression for responding to the inquiry sentence to set a second destination in the first destination's neighboring area,
wherein the process further includes
deciding whether a linguistic expression input last time is the same as a linguistic expression input this time; and
setting a currently set destination to a final destination when the linguistic expression input last time is the same as the linguistic expression input this time.

US Pat. No. 10,215,579

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ESTIMATING DRIVING INFORMATION

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of estimating driving information, the method comprising:receiving a driving route of a vehicle;
generating speed deviations corresponding to points on the driving route; and
generating a speed profile comprising a sequence of predicted speeds corresponding to the points based on the speed deviations and average speeds corresponding to the points,
wherein the average speeds corresponding to the points comprises any one or any combination of the a statistical average speed of vehicles travelling at each of the points and an average speed of vehicles based on a current traffic flow at the each of the points.

US Pat. No. 10,215,578

SYSTEM, METHOD AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR PATH COMPUTING BASED ON UNPLEASANT DATA

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A computer-implemented path computing method, the method comprising:extracting unpleasant data from a database to create a plurality of multi-variate spatio-temporal density functions;
collecting a tolerance level of a user; and
computing a path for the user based on the tolerance level and the plurality of density functions,
wherein, around a geolocation of centroids defining an incident in the unpleasant data for each of the plurality of density functions, a decay function is created with decay rates that are weighted based on a type of the incident and a time of day associated with the incident, the decay being in relation to a distance from a location having a highest value risk of the unpleasant data,
wherein a geofence is created around the centroids,
wherein the computing determines a path between the geofences that does not overlap with the geofences to maximize a distance to the incidents in the centroids,
wherein the computing entirely avoids the incident in the unpleasant data and maximizes a distance between each of the geolocation of centroids of the plurality of density functions, and
wherein the path is computed based on a constrained optimization problem over a graph where locations are nodes in the geofence and the locations are connected using streets as edges in which an association between the tolerance level and the plurality of density functions are used to compute the path such that:
each edge of the geofence of the unpleasant data is less than the tolerance level;
a sum of the edge weights is minimized; and
a total time for the oath is less than a user time constraint.

US Pat. No. 10,215,577

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR RATING LANDMARKS FOR USE AS ROUTE GUIDANCE IN VEHICLE NAVIGATION

Uber Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising:receiving, from a client device by a system having a memory and at least one hardware processor, a request for route guidance information for moving from an origin to a destination;
calculating, by the system, a first route from the origin to the destination, the first route having a first travel measurement, the first travel measurement comprising a first travel time or a first travel distance;
calculating, by the system, a second route from the origin to the destination, the second route having a second travel measurement, the second travel measurement comprising a second travel time or a second travel distance, the second travel measurement being greater than the first travel measurement;
determining, by the system, a visibility level of a landmark corresponding to the second route;
determining, by the system, that a difference between the second travel measurement and the first travel measurement is within a predefined value;
selecting, by the system, the second route for use in the route guidance information based on the visibility level of the landmark corresponding to the second route and the determining that the difference between the second travel measurement and the first travel measurement is within the predefined value;
generating, by the system, the route guidance information based on the selection of the second route, the route guidance information comprising the second route and an indication of the landmark; and
causing, by the system, the client device to display the generated route guidance information within a user interface on the client device.

US Pat. No. 10,215,576

ENERGY-OPTIMIZED VEHICLE ROUTE SELECTION

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for generating energy-optimized travel routes in a navigation system of a vehicle, the method comprising:generating, via the navigation system, a plurality of candidate travel routes for a trip having a route origin and a route destination;
dividing each of the candidate travel routes into a plurality of route segments;
estimating expected travel speeds of the vehicle along each of the route segments via the navigation system using cloud information, wherein the cloud information includes mapping data from a geospatial database and traffic information along each of the route segments, and wherein the traffic information includes at least one of real-time traffic information and historic traffic information for the route segments;
calculating an expected energy efficiency of the vehicle over each of the route segments, including:
using a vehicle-specific energy efficiency model to determine an expected energy efficiency of the vehicle over the route segments, including determining an actual energy efficiency over the route segments over time, and adapting the vehicle-specific energy efficiency model in real-time based upon a comparison of the expected energy efficiency and the actual energy efficiency; and
displaying a plurality of energy-optimized travel routes via the navigation system using the calculated expected energy efficiency.

US Pat. No. 10,215,575

IDENTIFYING A MAP MATCHED TRIP FROM RECEIVED GEOGRAPHIC POSITION INFORMATION

UBER TECHNOLOGIES, INC., ...

1. A computer-implemented method for identifying a path of a trip, the method comprising:receiving a plurality of geographic points that describe a trip of a vehicle from a starting location to a destination location, each of the plurality of received geographic points associated with a timestamp, wherein the plurality of received geographic points are global positioning satellite (GPS) points captured by a location tracking device located in the vehicle;
identifying a set of candidate geographic points for each of the plurality of received geographic points, each candidate geographic point in the set rep resenting a candidate location on a road network that is associated with the received geographic point;
determining a graph that includes the sets of candidate geographic points for the plurality of received geographic points, each candidate geographic point arranged in the graph according to the timestamp of the received geographic point that is associated with the candidate geographic point;
identifying a plurality of sub-graphs from the graph;
iteratively applying an A* algorithm to a subset of the plurality of sub-graphs that evaluates only a portion of all possible edges that connect together the candidate geographic points in the graph without evaluating all of the possible edges, wherein the evaluation comprises initially setting a zero cost for edges of the plurality of sub-graphs; and
identifying a shortest path of travel of the vehicle in the trip based on the iterative application of the A* algorithm to the subset of the plurality of sub-graphs.

US Pat. No. 10,215,574

FACILITATING RIDER PICK-UP FOR A TRANSPORT SERVICE

Uber Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A transport facilitation system comprising:one or more processors; and
one or more memory resources storing instructions for facilitating a pick-up in connection with a transportation arrangement service, wherein the instructions, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the transport facilitation system to:
receive a pick-up request, over one or more networks, from a user device of a requesting user;
select a driver of a vehicle to service the pick-up request;
transmit an invitation to service the pick-up request to a driver device of the driver;
receive a confirmation to service the pick-up request from the driver device;
detect, from the user device, a sensor pattern corresponding to a hailing action performed using the user device; and
in response to detecting the sensor pattern, (i) transmit a trigger signal to initiate a selected display pattern on a graphical user interface (GUI) of the user device, and (ii) transmit a second trigger signal to the driver device, the second trigger signal causing the driver device to initiate the selected display pattern on a header bar of a GUI of the driver device and a camera flash component on a rear side of the driver device to enable the requesting user to identify the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,215,573

USING TRAIN TELEMATICS DATA TO REDUCE ACCIDENT RISK

STATE FARM MUTUAL AUTOMOB...

1. A computer system configured to use train telematics data to reduce accident risk, the computer system comprising:at least one of one or more processors or one or more associated transceivers, the at least one of the one or more processors or the one or more associated transceivers located on or within an autonomous vehicle, the at least one of the one or more processors or the one or more associated transceivers configured to:
receive, at the autonomous vehicle via wireless communication or data transmission, the train telematics data associated with a train, the train telematics data including location data and at least one of acceleration data or deceleration data;
determine, at the autonomous vehicle based upon the train telematics data, (1) an indication of when the train will pass through the railroad crossing or another railroad crossing, or (2) an indication of when the train will be within a predetermined distance of the railroad crossing or the another railroad crossing;
determine, at the autonomous vehicle based upon a relevance of the train, an alternate route for the autonomous vehicle to take to avoid waiting at the railroad crossing or the another railroad crossing to allow for the train to pass through the railroad crossing or the another railroad crossing, the relevance of the train being based upon (1) the indication of when the train will pass through the railroad crossing or the another railroad crossing, or (2) the indication of when the train will be within the predetermined distance of the railroad crossing or the another railroad crossing;
direct, based upon the relevance of the train, the autonomous vehicle to one of (1) automatically travel along the alternate route, or (2) automatically stop at the railroad crossing or the another railroad crossing to allow the train to pass through the railroad crossing or the another railroad crossing; and
cause an insurance provider remote server to at least one of display, adjust, or generate an insurance discount associated with the autonomous vehicle based upon the autonomous vehicle including risk mitigation or prevention functionality associated with (1) receiving the train telematics data, and (2) directing corrective actions based upon the relevance of the train, so as to incentivize the insured customer to facilitate avoidance of train-vehicle collisions and safer train and vehicle travel.

US Pat. No. 10,215,572

MAP UPDATE DETERMINATION SYSTEM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A map update determination system provided with a map database in which map information used for an automatic driving control for a vehicle is stored and configured to determine a necessity of an update of the map information in a zone set in advance, the map update determination system comprising:an electronic control unit (ECU) programmed to:
generate, based on a target route of the vehicle set in advance and the map information, a traveling plan of the vehicle including a control target value for the vehicle in accordance with a position on the target route;
acquire, in association with the position on the target route, a control result detection value resulting from the automatic driving control for the vehicle executed, based on a road environment in a vicinity of the vehicle recognized by an external sensor of the vehicle being used, a traveling state of the vehicle recognized by an internal sensor of the vehicle being used, a position of the vehicle measured by a position measurement unit of the vehicle, and the traveling plan;
calculate an evaluation value of the traveling plan for the zone based on a result of a comparison between the control target value and the control result detection value; and
determine the necessity of the update of the map information on the zone based on the evaluation value of the traveling plan and an evaluation threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,215,571

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PRECISION LOCALIZATION AND MAPPING

Nauto, Inc., Palo Alto, ...

1. A method for localization and mapping, comprising:at a camera mounted to a first vehicle, the first vehicle associated with a first global system location and a location error, recording a sequence of images in response to the location error exceeding a threshold error value;
identifying a landmark depicted in an image of the sequence of images with a landmark identification module of a computing system associated with the vehicle, the landmark associated with a landmark geographic location and a known dimension;
identifying the landmark in each of the sequence of images;
extracting a landmark pose from the image, based on the known dimension of the landmark, with a feature extraction module of the computing system;
extracting a corresponding landmark pose from each of the sequence of images;
determining, at the computing system, a relative position between the vehicle and the landmark geographic location based on the landmark pose;
determining a temporal pattern based on the corresponding landmark pose extracted from each of the sequence of images;
determining a vehicle trajectory based on the temporal pattern, wherein the vehicle is controlled along the vehicle trajectory based on the location error, and wherein the vehicle is an autonomous vehicle;
updating, at the computing system, the first global system location based on the relative position;
setting the location error to an error value below the threshold error value in response to updating the global system location;
determining, at the computing system, a speed value and heading value associated with the vehicle, wherein the speed value is associated with a speed error and the heading value is associated with a heading error;
continuously updating the first global system location based on the speed value and heading value; and
continuously incrementing the location error in proportion to an elapsed time subsequent to updating the global system location and based on the speed error and the heading error.

US Pat. No. 10,215,570

GEOGRAPHIC SPACE MANAGEMENT

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A computer program product comprising one or more computer-readable storage devices and program instructions stored on at least one of the one or more computer-readable storage devices, the program instructions comprising program instructions to:manage, using a first subsystem of a plurality of subsystems, a first region of a plurality of regions, wherein the plurality of regions divide geographic space, and wherein managing the first region comprises managing a first mobile object;
manage, using a second subsystem of the plurality of subsystems, a second region of the plurality of regions, wherein managing the second region comprises managing a second mobile object, and wherein the first region and the second region share a common boundary;
change the common boundary between the first region and the second region based on a data processing load of the first subsystem.

US Pat. No. 10,215,569

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING A RELATIVE POSITION TO A TARGET

AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE ...

1. A method for determining a relative angular direction ? between a target and a transmitter, the method comprising the following steps:producing one or more light beams,
transmitting, by the transmitter, the one or more light beams, wherein a first light beam in the one or more light beams indicates a relative angular direction from the transmitter,
receiving, by the target, one or more of the one or more light beams,
wherein the generation of the one or more light beams comprises diffracting a broadband light in such a way that different optical frequency wavelengths are diffracted differently and a relative angular direction ? is detected by reading an optical frequency wavelength,
wherein at least one light beam comprises at least two optical frequency combs or a dual frequency comb, comprising:
a first optical frequency comb and
a second optical frequency comb,
the first and second frequency combs comprising a same ƒ0 and comprising respective ƒr1 and ƒr2 where ƒr1 is different from ƒr2, and
wherein
ƒr1, ƒr2 is the comb tooth spacing or mode repetition rate,
ƒ0 is the carrier offset frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,215,568

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TRACKING MOTION, PERFORMANCE, AND OTHER DATA FOR AN INDIVIDUAL SUCH AS A WINTER SPORTS ATHLETE

Vision Service Plan, Ran...

1. A computer-implemented method of determining individual movement for a winter sports athlete, the method comprising:providing a mobile computing device comprising:
one or more processors;
a display; and
one or more magnetometers;
providing a first magnet for placement on a first piece of winter sports equipment used by the winter sports athlete and a second magnet for placement on a second piece of winter sports equipment used by the winter sports athlete;
measuring, by the one or more processors, using the one or more magnetometers, (i) first magnetic field information for the first magnet disposed on a portion of the first piece of winter sports equipment used by the winter sports athlete and (ii) second magnetic field information for the second magnet disposed on a portion of the second piece of winter sports equipment used by the winter sports athlete;
determining, by the one or more processors, using the first magnetic field information and the second magnetic field information, one or more pieces of individual movement data associated with the winter sports athlete;
generating, by the one or more processors, a graphical representation of the one or more pieces of individual movement data; and
displaying, by the one or more processors on the display, the generated graphical representation to the winter sports athlete.

US Pat. No. 10,215,567

INFORMATION PROCESSING DEVICE, INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM, AND INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An information processing device, comprising:circuitry to:
acquire pieces of data including positional information for movement and time at which the positional information is acquired;
analyze a velocity for the movement on a route based on the acquired pieces of data;
divide the route based on the analyzed velocity for the movement; and
set a check point for the divided route based on a route situation corresponding to the analyzed velocity for the movement.

US Pat. No. 10,215,566

OSCILLATOR, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, AND MOVING OBJECT

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. An oscillator comprising:a substrate;
a movable member which is disposed facing the substrate; and
an elastically deformable beam which supports the movable member, the movable member being displaceable in a thickness direction of the substrate toward the substrate,
wherein the movable member is configured to be displaced toward the substrate in a range in which recovery force of the beam is larger than electrostatic force which is formed between the substrate and the movable member, and
when a position at which the electrostatic force and the recovery force are equal to each other is a movable critical point, the movable member is configured to contact the substrate prior to exceeding the movable critical point in a cross sectional view.

US Pat. No. 10,215,565

CIRCUIT DEVICE, PHYSICAL QUANTITY DETECTION DEVICE, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, AND MOVING OBJECT

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A circuit device comprising:a drive circuit which drives a vibrating reed;
a detection circuit which outputs physical quantity information corresponding to the physical quantity, based on a detection signal according to a physical quantity that is output from the vibrating reed; and
an arithmetic processing unit which performs arithmetic processing, based on the physical quantity information from the detection circuit and time interval information that is defined by a stored drive frequency of the drive circuit unaffected by fluctuation,
wherein the detection circuit outputs the physical quantity information with an output period based on a master clock signal, wherein the master clock signal is asynchronous to a reference clock signal that is generated based on a signal of the drive circuit, the signal of the drive circuit having the drive frequency of the drive circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,215,564

AUTOMATIC COMPASS CALIBRATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

FLIR SYSTEMS, INC., Wils...

1. A system comprising:a logic device configured to receive one or more sensor signals and determine a corrected magnetic field based, at least in part, on a measured local magnetic field, wherein the logic device is adapted to:
receive an angular velocity, an acceleration, the measured local magnetic field, and/or a speed of a mobile structure;
generate stabilized roll and pitch components of an orientation of the mobile structure based, at least in part, on the acceleration and angular velocity; and
determine the corrected magnetic field based, at least in part, on the local magnetic field and the stabilized roll and pitch components.

US Pat. No. 10,215,563

SURVEYING INSTRUMENT

LEICA GEOSYSTEMS AG, Hee...

1. A theodolite or total station comprising:a base;
an aiming structure being swivelable in two directions with respect to the base and including:
an objective optical system defining an aiming axis; and
at least a first camera in a direction of the aiming axis, wherein the at least first camera is provided as an on axis camera that is integrated into the aiming structure and that is seeing through the objective optical system, wherein the first camera has an optical magnification factor and provides at least a first image signal; and
a wide angle camera with lower optical magnification factor as a second camera that is integrated into the aiming structure providing a second image signal and defining an optical axis, wherein the first and second cameras are arranged such that the optical axis and the aiming are in parallel;
a display; and
a controller being adapted so that the first image signal and the second image signal are processed in order to generate image signal data so that a first video stream and a second video stream are displayed simultaneously on the display, wherein the first video stream corresponds with the first image signal and the second video stream corresponds with the second image signal, wherein each of the first video stream and the second video stream represent a real time video stream, wherein the first video stream is a magnification of a detail of the second video stream being an overview video stream, and the first video stream from the on axis camera is overlaid with a reticle indicating the aiming axis,
wherein a positional relationship between the aiming axis and the optical axis is processed by the controller for simultaneously displaying the first and the second video streams.

US Pat. No. 10,215,562

PERSONALIZED PROTOTYPING

Invention Science Find I,...

1. A system for manufacturing a physical item, the system comprising:circuitry for capturing one or more digital photographic images of at least a portion of a first three-dimensional object;
circuitry for deriving a first input data set representing the at least a portion of the first three-dimensional object from the one or more digital photographic images of the at least a portion of the first three-dimensional object, the first input data set being configured to enable the system to manufacture the at least a portion of the first three-dimensional object;
circuitry for receiving a second input data set representing a second three-dimensional object, wherein the second three-dimensional object is user-selected after the first input data set is derived, the second input data set being configured to enable the system to manufacture the second three-dimensional object;
circuitry for adapting for combination at least one of the first input data set representing the at least a portion of the first three-dimensional object or the second input data set representing the second three-dimensional object;
circuitry for combining the first input data set representing the at least a portion of the first three-dimensional object with the second input data set representing the second three-dimensional object to obtain an item data set, the item data set being configured to enable the system to manufacture the physical item, the item data set further including at least identifier information defining at least one three-dimensional identifier that identifies the physical item, the at least one three-dimensional identifier to be embedded within the physical item; and
circuitry for manufacturing the physical item from the item data set.

US Pat. No. 10,215,561

METHOD OF DESIGNING CONTAINER OF LIQUID REFLECTION INCLINATION SENSOR, INCLINATION SENSOR INCLUDING THE CONTAINER, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING INCLINATION SENSOR INCLUDING THE CONTAINER

TOPCON CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A method of designing a container of a liquid reflection inclination sensor, comprising:a liquid surface calculating step that calculates a shape of a liquid surface of a liquid in a horizontal direction “x” and a vertical direction “y” by utilizing the Young-Laplace formula and the hydrostatic pressure formula, the liquid surface formed on a plate extending vertically and infinitely with respect to a horizontal part of the liquid surface;
an optical simulation step that obtains a light receiving pattern by reflecting a dark field pattern irradiated from an imaginary light source on an imaginary mirror plane having the shape of the liquid surface; and
a container adjusting step that adjusts a shape of a cylindrical container for enclosing the liquid by judging whether image accuracy of the light receiving pattern satisfies demanded sensor accuracy.

US Pat. No. 10,215,560

METHOD FOR SHAPE CLASSIFICATION OF AN OBJECT

KLA Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A method for shape classification of an object, the method comprising the steps:providing a first number, N, of a plurality of shape categories, each shape category:
specifying a second number, M_k, of points in a plane relative to the object; and,
specifying for each point at least one limit coordinate along a direction normal to the plane;
measuring at each of the points a position of at least one surface of the object along the direction normal to the plane; and,
checking, for each shape category, whether all measured positions of the at least one surface are compatible with the corresponding at least one limit coordinate, and if this is the case classifying the object to be of the respective shape category,
wherein, prior to the measurements of the position of the at least one surface, the object is measured to obtain a rotation of the object in the plane and a tilt of the object relative to the direction normal to the plane, and wherein the rotation and the tilt are used to align the points defined by each category with the object.

US Pat. No. 10,215,559

METROLOGY OF MULTIPLE PATTERNING PROCESSES

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A method comprising:providing a first amount of illumination light to a first plurality of measurement sites on a semiconductor wafer, wherein each of the first plurality of measurement sites includes at least one multiple patterned metrology target characterized by at least one parameter of interest generated by at least two patterning steps of a multiple patterning process, wherein a pitch of the at least one multiple patterned target fabricated by the multiple patterning process is a multiple of a pitch of a mask of a lithography system employed as part of the multiple patterning process, wherein the at least one parameter of interest is indicative of a geometric error that results from the multiple patterning process, wherein at least one of the multiple patterned metrology targets located at one or more of the first plurality of measurement sites is different from at least one of another of the multiple patterned metrology targets;
detecting an amount of light from each of the first plurality of measurement sites in response to the first amount of illumination light provided to each of the first plurality of measurement sites on the semiconductor wafer, the detected amount of light comprising a first amount of optical measurement data;
receiving the first amount of optical measurement data associated with the measurements of the first plurality of measurement sites on the semiconductor wafer;
determining a value of the at least one parameter of interest associated with each of the first plurality of measurement sites based on the first amount of measurement data and a signal response metrology (SRM) model, wherein the SRM model is an input-output model measurement model that directly relates the received optical measurement data to a value of the at least one parameter of interest; and
storing the value of the at least one parameter of interest in a memory.

US Pat. No. 10,215,558

ROTATION ANGLE MEASURING SYSTEM AND MACHINING SYSTEM COMPRISING THE SAME

NOPORVIS CO., LTD., Kaoh...

1. A rotation angle measuring device, comprising:a light source configured to generate a first light beam with a first polarization direction and a second light beam with a second polarization direction;
a first beam splitter configured to split the first and second light beams to generate a third light beam with the first polarization direction and a fourth light beam with the second polarization direction;
a first displacement measuring module configured to allow the first and second light beams to pass through a first side of the first displacement measuring module and to be further reflected to pass through a second side of the first displacement measuring module, wherein the first light beam is reflected by a first measuring surface of a measured object, and the second light beam is reflected inside the first displacement measuring module;
a second displacement measuring module configured to allow the third and fourth light beam to pass through a first side of the second displacement measuring module and to be further reflected to pass through a second side of the second displacement measuring module, wherein the third light beam is reflected by the first measuring surface of the measured object, and the fourth light beam is reflected inside the second displacement measuring module;
an image sensor configured to sense a first interference pattern generated by the first and second light beams passing through the first displacement measurement module, and sense a second interference pattern generated by the third and fourth light beams passing through the second displacement measurement module; and
a processing unit electrically connected to the image sensor for calculating a first displacement value of the first displacement measuring module relative to a first position on the first measuring surface of the measured object along a first axis according to the first interference pattern, and calculating a second displacement value of the second displacement measuring module relative to a second position on the first measuring surface of the measured object along the first axis according to the second interference pattern, in order to further calculate a rotation angle of the rotation angle measuring device relative to the measured object around a second axis according to the first and second displacement values.

US Pat. No. 10,215,557

DISTANCE IMAGE ACQUISITION APPARATUS AND DISTANCE IMAGE ACQUISITION METHOD

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A distance image acquisition apparatus comprising:a projector which projects a first pattern of structured light distributed in a two-dimensional manner with respect to a subject within a distance measurement region;
a light modulator which modulates a switching timing of projection and non-projection of the first pattern projected from the projector with a code;
an image sensor which is provided in parallel with and apart from the projector by a baseline length, performs imaging in synchronization with a projection period and a non-projection period of the first pattern, and generates a plurality of captured images including the first pattern reflected from the subject, the plurality of captured images including a first captured image captured in the projection period of the first pattern and a second captured image captured in the non-projection period of the first pattern;
a processor configured to:
generate a differential image of the first captured image captured in the projection period and the second captured image captured in the non-projection period;
extract the first pattern from the differential image;
acquire a distance image indicating a distance of the subject within the distance measurement region based on the first pattern;
determine whether or not a second pattern is projected from another distance image acquisition apparatus; and
a beacon information reception unit which receives beacon information transmitted from the another distance image acquisition apparatus, the beacon information indicating that the second pattern is projected from the another distance image acquisition apparatus,
wherein, in a case where the processor determines that the second pattern is projected from the another distance image acquisition apparatus, the light modulator performs modulation on the first pattern projected from the projector,
wherein, in a case where the beacon information reception unit receives the beacon information, the processor determines that the second pattern is projected from the another distance image acquisition apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,215,556

THREE-DIMENSIONAL MEASURING APPARATUS

CKD Corporation, Aichi (...

1. A three-dimensional measuring apparatus, comprising:a first irradiating unit that irradiates a light pattern onto a measured object, having a banded light intensity distribution in a conveying direction of the measured object;
a second irradiating unit that irradiates a uniform light of a constant light intensity onto the measured object;
an imaging unit that images the measured object irradiated by the light pattern or the uniform light; and
a processor that:
acquires a first plurality of image data imaged by the imaging unit under the light pattern for each predetermined amount of conveyance by the measured object;
three dimensionally measures the object based on the acquired first plurality of image data;
acquires a second plurality of image data imaged by the imaging unit under the uniform light, wherein one of the second plurality of image data is acquired after predetermined image data from among the first plurality of image data is imaged but before next image data is imaged; and
executes a predetermined process based on the one of the acquired second plurality of image data,
wherein
the measured object is a continuously conveyed printed substrate,
the predetermined amount of conveyance is based on a phase of the light pattern,
the processor alternately acquires each piece of the first plurality of image data and each piece of the second plurality of image data with the first irradiating unit and the second irradiating unit, respectively, every time the measured object is conveyed by the predetermined amount of conveyance,
the first plurality of image data comprises image data imaged under the light pattern of a first luminance value for a region other than a solder print region of the printed substrate, and image data imaged under the light pattern of a second luminance value greater than the first luminance value, wherein the second luminance value is for the solder print region, and wherein the image data imaged under the light pattern of the first luminance value and the image data imaged under the light pattern of the second luminance value are alternately acquired, and
the second plurality of image data comprises image data imaged under the uniform light by switching a plurality of uniform lights having different colors, wherein the image data imaged under the uniform lights of the different colors are acquired in sequence during the time until the acquired first plurality of imaging data is all imaged.

US Pat. No. 10,215,555

MOTION SENSING BY MONITORING INTENSITY OF LIGHT REDIRECTED BY AN INTENSITY PATTERN

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A displacement measuring system comprising:a vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL) array comprising two or more vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) distributed along a first direction;
an optical pattern supported by a mass, the optical pattern having two portions that form an edge oriented along a second direction that crosses the first direction, the two portions of the optical pattern having different reflectivities, wherein the VCSEL array is spaced apart from the optical pattern and arranged such that, during operation of the displacement measuring system, the VCSEL array illuminates the optical pattern, across the edge, with VCSEL light emitted by the VCSEL array;
a photodetector spaced apart from the optical pattern and arranged such that, during operation of the displacement measuring system, the photodetector integrates the VCSEL light that is redirected by the optical pattern to the photodetector and issues a photodetector signal from the integrated VCSEL light; and
processing electronics to receive the photodetector signal and determine a displacement of the mass along the first direction based on a change in the photodetector signal caused by motion of the mass along a direction of motion that crosses the edge.

US Pat. No. 10,215,554

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR NON-CONTACT SAMPLE ANALYZING USING TERAHERTZ WAVE

INDUSTRY-UNIVERSITY COOPE...

1. An apparatus for non-contact sample analysis, the apparatus comprising:an emission unit radiating terahertz waves onto a sample provided with a conductive material layer, which is a metal nanowire layer, a metal mesh layer or transparent conductive metal oxide layer;
a receiving unit receiving terahertz waves reflected from the sample or terahertz waves passing through the sample;
a characteristic analysis unit including at least one selected from a group consisting of a sheet resistance analysis unit analyzing a sheet resistance of the conductive material layer, a coverage density analysis unit analyzing a coverage density of the conductive material layer, and a thickness analysis unit analyzing a thickness of the conductive material layer by using the received terahertz waves;
a display unit displaying a result derived from the characteristic analysis unit as an image; and
an input unit configured to input information to the characteristic analysis unit,
wherein the sheet resistance analysis unit derives the sheet resistance of the conductive material using Equation 1:
log10Rsh=aX+b,  [Equation 1]
in Equation 1, X is a reflection ratio or a transmission ratio obtained by using the received terahertz waves, a and b are values depending on a material forming the conductive material layer, and Rsh is the sheet resistance of the conductive material layer,
wherein the coverage density analysis unit derives the coverage density using Equations 2 and 3:

in Equation 2, R is a reflection ratio obtained by using the received terahertz waves, n is a refractive index of the conductive material layer, ? is an incident angle of the terahertz waves with respect to the sample, and n is a refractive index of a medium over the sample,

in Equation 3, Dc is the coverage density, n is the refractive index of the conductive material layer, b is a dimensionless constant value for a local electric field, NA is Avogadro's number, ? is molar polarizability, M is a molecular weight and ?m is a density, wherein the dimensionless constant value for the local electric field b, the molar polarizability ?, the molecular weight M, and the density ?m are values based on the material forming the conductive material layer, and
wherein the thickness analysis unit derives the thickness of the conductive material layer using Equation 4:

in Equation 4, T is the thickness of the conductive material layer, v is a velocity of the terahertz waves, ?t is a difference between a time at which terahertz waves reflected from an upper surface of the conductive material layer and received by the thickness analysis unit has a maximum intensity and a time at which terahertz waves reflected from a lower surface of the conductive material layer and received by the thickness analysis unit has a maximum intensity, and ? is an incident angle of the terahertz waves with respect to the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,215,553

THIN PSD FOR LASER-SCANNING SYSTEMS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A system, comprising:a position sensing device (PSD), comprising a photosensitive material comprising a thin region having a thickness of less than 10 ?m;
a light source, configured to, by passing one or more light beams through the thin region of the photosensitive material of the PSD, cause one or more electrical currents to flow through the PSD; and
a processor, configured to:
in response to the electrical currents, ascertain an amount of power that is delivered by the light source, and
in response to the amount of power exceeding a threshold amount of power, inhibit the light source from further operation.

US Pat. No. 10,215,552

OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY MICROSCOPY APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETECTING A THREE-DIMENSIONAL IMAGE OF AN OBJECT

1. An optical coherence tomography microscopy apparatus for detecting a three-dimensional image of an optically translucent or reflective sample object, the apparatus comprising an interferometric optical setup including:a light source comprising one or more light emitting elements, to emit a beam of light having an emission bandwidth,
a photo sensor unit including at least one photo sensor able to sense a light intensity in a sensing region and to generate a sense signal indicative for said light intensity, the sensed light intensity being dependent on interference in said sensing region between a first and a second sub-beam impingent on the sensing region, and that are split off from said emitted beam, said first sub-beam being directed along a first optical path extending from the light source to the sensing region via the optically translucent or reflective sample object, and the second sub-beam being directed along a second optical path extending from the light source to the sensing region via the optically translucent or reflective reference object,
a displacement unit to change a difference in path length between said first optical path and said second optical path, therewith causing a modulation in the sensed light intensity,
a demodulator to demodulate the sense signal,
characterized in that the apparatus further includes a displacement sensor to generate a displacement signal indicative for said change in said path length difference and a reference signal generator to generate a detection reference signal from the displacement signal and in that said demodulator comprises a detector using said detection reference signal.

US Pat. No. 10,215,551

AGILE IMAGING SYSTEM

Praevium Research, Inc., ...

1. An optical imaging system, comprising:a tunable source generating output optical radiation, the tunable source comprising a wavelength tunable vertical cavity laser (VCL), the VCL comprising a first and second laser mirror that form a laser cavity having a cavity length, an actuator configured to vary the laser cavity length, the VCL generating a single longitudinal mode lasing output that is tunable over an emission wavelength range for generating wavelength sweeps at a sweep repetition rate, wherein the laser cavity free spectral range is at least as wide as the emission wavelength range and the tuning over the entire emission wavelength range is mode hop free, and wherein the actuator and VCL are capable of operating over at least a 12% variation in the sweep repetition rate;
a tuning driver, the tuning driver being capable of generating one or more wavelength tuning waveforms to affect the actuator which determines a sweep trajectory, a sweep speed, the sweep repetition rate, a sweep linearity, and the emission wavelength range;
a current driver that supplies current to a gain material within the tunable source to adjust output optical radiation power;
a monitoring detector configured to measure attributes of a tuning response of the tunable source and provide feedback to correct for disturbances to the tunable source or to generate the one or more wavelength tuning waveforms;
an optical interferometer with a reference arm and a sample arm illuminated by said tunable source;
one or more optical detectors that convert optical interference fringe signals from the optical interferometer into electric analog signals;
a data acquisition device to convert the electric analog signals output from the one or more detectors into digital data.

US Pat. No. 10,215,529

ACCESSORY MOUNT FOR RIFLE ACCESSORY RAIL, COMMUNICATION, AND POWER TRANSFER SYSTEM—ACCESSORY ATTACHMENT

Prototype Productions Inc...

1. A firearm system for providing power to a power-consuming accessory attached to the firearm, the firearm system comprising:a power source for providing a predetermined voltage;
at least one mounting rail electrically connected to the power source and having at least one power connection which presents the predetermined voltage and at least one depressible switch; and
a power-consuming accessory attached to the at least one mounting rail, comprising:
a DC-DC converter, located in the power-consuming accessory, electrically connected to the at least one power connection which presents the predetermined voltage, for converting the predetermined voltage to a voltage required by the power-consuming accessory,
a power-consuming accessory controller including circuitry defining power on/off states for the power-consuming accessory based on a plurality of selectors associated with the power-consuming accessory, and
at least one plunger configured to depress the at least one depressible switch and at least one electrical contact configured to provide an electrical connection with the at least one power connection.

US Pat. No. 10,215,528

RIFLE GRIP DEVICE

1. A rifle grip device, the device comprising:a. a body configured to be attached to a grip interface of a firearm, the body having a first end and a second end, the first end comprising a receiver contour depression configured to mate with a firearm receiver and the second end comprising a stock contour depression configured to mate with a firearm stock;
b. a rigid receiver plate disposed on the body first end, the rigid receiver plate having a planar shaped receiver mating surface;
c. a stock plate disposed on the body second end, the stock plate having a stock mating surface disposed between the rigid receiver plate and the second end;
d. a first finger ridge disposed on the body;
e. a first finger surface extending along the body and onto the first finger ridge, wherein the first finger surface is generally horizontally aligned between the first end and second end of the body; and
f. the stock contour depression recessed within the stock mating surface, the stock contour depression configured to receive portions of the firearm stock.

US Pat. No. 10,215,527

FIREARM ACCESSORY MOUNTING ADAPTERS

Midwest Industries, Inc.,...

1. A firearm accessory mounting system, the system comprising:a hand guard configured to extend about a portion of a barrel of a firearm; and
a first engagement interface defined by a portion of the hand guard, the first engagement interface defined by a plurality of guard channels that extend in a row along the hand guard such that a longitudinal axis of each guard channel is aligned along a longitudinal axis of the row of guard channels, each of the plurality of guard channels associated with the first engagement interface being symmetric relative to a longitudinal axis associated with the row and one of symmetric or asymmetric relative to a lateral axis oriented perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the row; and
an adapter having a first side that is shaped to cooperate with the first engagement interface at various locations along the row and a second side that faces an opposite direction with respect to the first side, the second side of the adapter defining a second engagement interface defined by a plurality of adapter channels that extend in an adapter channel row along the adapter such that a longitudinal axis of each adapter channel is aligned along the longitudinal axis of the adapter channel row, each of the plurality of longitudinal adapter channels associated with the second engagement interface being symmetric relative to the longitudinal axis associated with the adapter channel row and the other of symmetric or asymmetric relative to a lateral adapter axis oriented perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the respective adapter channel and perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the row of longitudinal channels associated with the first engagement interface.

US Pat. No. 10,215,525

PNEUMATIC AIR GUN

ZHONGSHAN NEW SWAN TECHNO...

1. A pneumatic air gun, comprising:a gun support;
a barrel disposed on the gun support;
a valve body;
a pressure gauge;
an air compression assembly;
an energy storage assembly; and
a triggering assembly;whereinthe air compression assembly is connected to the energy storage assembly, and the energy storage assembly is connected to the valve body;
the triggering assembly comprises a trigger support fixed to the gun support, and a pull-bolt assembly, a trigger, a trigger button, and a hammer which are disposed on the trigger support;
a spring is attached to the hammer; the trigger is connected to the trigger button;
the pull-bolt assembly comprises a loading thimble adapted to slide on the gun support; the loading thimble is movably connected to the hammer and adapted to control the hammer to reset and clamp on the trigger button;
the energy storage assembly comprises an air pump and a check valve disposed at one end of the air pump; the air pump is a three-stage air pump;
the valve body comprises an air release passage adapted to connect the check valve and the barrel;
the air release passage is provided with an air release valve for controlling an opening and closing of an air channel; the air release passage between the air release valve and the barrel is provided with a speed-regulation valve for regulating an air flow; the air release valve is provided with a slider for controlling the opening or closing of the air release passage; and
the slider is positioned at the end of a striking travel of the hammer.

US Pat. No. 10,215,524

COMPACT AND ERGONOMIC BALL-LAUNCHING DOG TOY

Gramercy Products, Inc., ...

1. A ball-launching device comprising:a housing having a first end and a second end, said housing comprising: an opening at said first end defining an interior surface of a cavity;
a ball holder with at least a portion thereof disposed in said housing cavity and being configured to slide in a direction away from a first position being proximate to said opening at said housing first end, to a second position in said cavity;
means for biasing said ball holder toward said first position;
a cocking member configured to releasably engage with said ball holder, and with at least a portion thereof configured to be slidable within said housing cavity; and wherein said cocking member is configured to be actuated to oppose said biasing and move said cocking member toward said second end of said housing into a cocked position, for said ball holder, when engaged therewith, to move from said first position to a corresponding cocked position;
a latch configured to releasably secure said cocking member at said cocked position, said latch comprising:
a plurality of ratchet teeth successively positioned between said first end and said second end of said housing; and
a pawl pivotally mounted to said cocking member, with a portion of said pawl configured to engage at least one of said plurality of ratchet teeth at said cocked position;
a trigger assembly configured, when actuated, to trigger said cocking member to disengage from said ball holder, for said means for biasing to accelerate said ball holder towards said first position to launch the ball therefrom;
wherein said trigger assembly comprises:
an elongated arm, said elongated arm comprising:
a plurality of teeth being successively positioned along a length of said elongated arm; and
a pair of shaped openings;
and
a trigger configured to engage said elongated arm and to move with respect to said housing from a first trigger position to a second trigger position;
wherein said cocking member comprises:
a hook configured to pivot;
a spring configured to bias said hook to automatically engage a lip of said ball holder, when said cocking member is moved into proximity with said ball holder at said first ball holder position, to be releasably coupled thereto;
wherein said housing comprises:
a pair of pins protruding into said housing cavity; and
wherein said pair of shaped openings on said elongated arm of said trigger assembly are respectively mounted to said pair of pins and configured to respectively track thereon when said trigger is moved from said first trigger position to said second trigger position, to cause at least one of said plurality of teeth of said elongated arm to releasably engage said hook and cause said hook to disengage from said lip of said ball holder, to disengage said cocking member from said ball holder.

US Pat. No. 10,215,523

SAFETY SYSTEM FOR A SPEARGUN

1. A safety mechanism for a speargun, said mechanism comprising:a receiver having a posterior end, an anterior end, a top side, a bottom side, a left side, a right side and an interior cavity capable of hosting additional parts of the safety mechanism, including a safety lever, said receiver further having an opening at the anterior end capable of receiving a spear shaft;
a trigger rotationally mounted between the left side and the right side of the receiver by means of a pivot point at a location just anterior to the safety lever;
the safety lever rotationally mounted between the left side and the right side of the receiver by means of a pivot point, said safety lever having portions both external to the posterior end of the receiver and internal to the posterior end of the receiver, said external portion of the safety lever, when pushed towards the anterior end of the receiver, prevents travel of the trigger towards the posterior end of the receiver;
a tensioning device coupled on one end to the trigger and at the other end to an attachment point proximal to the bottom side of the anterior end of the receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,215,521

TITANIUM OFFSET STRING BUMPER

1. A titanium offset string bumper comprising:a bumper rod includes a base portion, an offset portion and a bumper portion, one end of said offset portion extends from said base portion at an angle of less than 90 degrees, one end of said bumper portion extends from an opposing end of said offset portion at an angle of less than 90 degrees, said offset portion is fixedly retained relative to said base portion and said bumper portion, said bumper rod is fabricated from titanium; and
a rubber bumper includes a rod bore, said rod bore is sized to receive an opposing end of said bumper portion.

US Pat. No. 10,215,520

SAFETY DEVICE FOR CROSSBOWS

POE LANG ENTERPRISE CO., ...

1. A safety device connected to a shooting device of a crossbow, comprising;a case having a first end, a second end and a bottom connected between the first and second ends, a room defined in the case, a notch defined in the first end and communicating with the room, two elongate holes respectively defined through two walls of the case and communicating with the room, an opening defined in the bottom and communicating with the room;
a shooting unit located in the room and having an activating member, a shooting member, a safety member, a transmission plate, a resilient member and a positioning member, the activating member pivotably located in the room and having a first end thereof protruding beyond the opening, the shooting member pivotably located in the room and being pivotable to contact a second end of the activating member, a gap being formed between the activating member and the shooting member when the shooting member is not pivoted, the safety member having two protrusions which respectively extend beyond the elongate holes of the case;
the transmission plate slidably located in the room and partially located beneath the shooting member, the transmission plate being moved by movement of the safety member, the transmission plate having a passage defined transversely through a first end thereof, the resilient member a first end thereof hooked to the passage, a second end of the resilient member connected to a rod extending from an inside of the room;
the positioning member located in the room and beside the notch, the positioning member being not pivotable to form a ready-to-shoot mode when the transmission plate moves toward the positioning member, the positioning member being pivoted and protruding beyond the notch when the transmission plate moves away from the positioning member, the safety member moving toward the first end of the case and pushing the transmission plate to move so as to pull the resilient member to store energy, and
wherein when changing arrows during that the shooting device is in the ready-to-shoot mode, the safety member is moved toward the second end of the case, the transmission plate deactivates restriction to the safety member and moves toward the second end of the case by the resilient member so that the transmission plate deactivates restriction to the positioning member, and the positioning member pivots toward the notch to prevent a string from bouncing forward.

US Pat. No. 10,215,519

AMBIDEXTROUS BOLT ACTION RIFLE CHASSIS AND PLUG

Drake Associates, Inc., ...

1. An ambidextrous chassis for a firearm, the chassis comprising:a first sidewall and a second sidewall defining a trigger well configured to receive a trigger mechanism, each of the first and second sidewalls defining a cutout adjacent the trigger well, each of the cutouts sized and dimensioned to receive a plug, each of the cutouts configured to receive a lever arm of a bolt action when the bolt action is in a locked and closed position;
a plug received within the cutout of the first sidewall such that the plug seals the first sidewall adjacent the trigger well of the chassis, the plug having an outer surface facing away from a longitudinal axis of the chassis, the outer surface being flush with the first sidewall.

US Pat. No. 10,215,518

CARTRIDGE EXTRACTOR FOR FIREARMS

1. A cartridge extractor for a firearm, comprising:a body having a curved inner surface and a curved outer surface;
a bevel formed at one end of the body on the curved inner surface;
a support brace positioned proximate to the bevel, the support brace formed on the curved outer surface and being positioned intentionally off center relative to a longitudinal centerline of the body, the support brace having a width greater than 0.095 inches.

US Pat. No. 10,215,517

CALIBER MODIFICATION USING MODULAR FIRE CONTROL GROUP

Palmetto State Armory, LL...

1. A caliber modification system for an existing rifle platform comprising:a lower receiver;
the lower receiver comprising:
an independent fire control group comprising a trigger;
a fore end comprising a pivot pin and a fore end fire control group interface that; wherein
the fore end fire control group interface is removably affixed to the independent fire control group; and
the pivot pin is configured to interface with an upper receiver of the existing rifle platform;
a rear module comprising a rear module control group interface that is removably affixed to the independent fire control group and a buffer tube interface;
wherein the fire control group, the fore end, and rear module are separable from one another and when combined form the lower receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,215,515

FIREARM MAGAZINE HAVING NOSE-DRIVE-CONTROL SPRINGS

I.P. HOLDING GROUP I, LLC...

1. A cartridge magazine for housing a plurality of stacked cartridges and successively dispensing and guiding an uppermost one of the stacked cartridges from the magazine forward toward an inclined ramp leading to a chamber of a barrel of a firearm, the magazine comprising:a housing portion comprising a front wall, a rear wall, first and second side walls, and a pair of cartridge retaining lips, each of the first and second side walls being between the front wall and the rear wall, the front, rear and side walls defining a cartridge compartment extending along a housing axis, the cartridge compartment being adapted to contain a plurality of stacked cartridges, the cartridge compartment having a lower region and an upper region, the cartridge retaining lips being disposed along a respective upper edge margin of each of the first and second side walls, the cartridge compartment adapted and configured to contain two overlapping columns of cartridges in a staggered configuration;
a magazine follower within the cartridge compartment, the magazine follower being adapted and configured to move within the cartridge compartment generally along the housing axis, the magazine follower having a first portion and a second portion, the first portion and second portion running parallel to the first and second side walls, the second portion elevated above the first portion to facilitate stacking the cartridges in the staggered configuration;
a follower urging spring within the cartridge compartment, the follower urging spring being adapted and configured to urge the magazine follower toward the upper region of the cartridge compartment;
a first nose-dive control spring and a second nose-dive control spring, each said nose-drive control spring comprising a resilient shank portion and a case-engageable end portion adapted and configured to engage with a case of a cartridge, the shank portion extending from one of the side walls to the case-engageable end portion, each said nose-dive control spring being adapted and configured such that as a cartridge moves upwardly along the longitudinal housing axis, the case-engageable end portion is engaged by the case of the cartridge and forced outwardly until a part of the lower portion of the case moves upwardly beyond the case-engageable end portion and the shank portion subsequently resiliently urges the case-engageable end portion inwardly into the upper portion of the cartridge compartment and under a lower portion of the case thereby urging the cartridge into a retaining lips engaging position, the retaining lips engaging position being a position of the cartridge relative to the cartridge magazine in which the case of the cartridge engages the cartridge retaining lips while the respective first and second nose-dive control spring engages the case of the cartridge and at least a portion of the cartridge extends above at least a portion of the upper edge margin of the first side wall and a portion of the upper edge margin of the second side wall, each said nose-dive control spring being adapted and configured to prevent the cartridge from moving into a nose-dive orientation as a breech face of the firearm pushes the cartridge forward toward the inclined ramp of the firearm.

US Pat. No. 10,215,514

FIREARM HAVING A HYBRID INDIRECT GAS OPERATING SYSTEM

1. An automatic or semi-automatic rifle comprising:a receiver;
a bolt assembly having a striking surface, the bolt assembly housed within the receiver;
a barrel having a bore, the barrel coupled to the receiver; and
an indirect gas operating system having a cylinder and a piston, wherein the cylinder and the piston are structurally coupled to the receiver and structurally decoupled from the barrel;
wherein, the cylinder is in fluid communication with the bore, and wherein, the piston is fitted to the cylinder and disposed for striking the striking surface and displacing the bolt assembly and wherein the cylinder is isolated from deflection of the barrel, wherein the piston has a piston portion and an operating rod portion, the operating rod portion disposed for striking the striking surface and displacing the bolt assembly and wherein the operating rod has an articulating joint on a piston end of the operating rod that is received within the piston and wherein the articulating joint provides angular motion between the piston end and a striking end of the operating rod.

US Pat. No. 10,215,513

AR STYLE RECEIVER COMPATIBLE WITH PISTOL MAGAZINES AND CARTRIDGES

1. A firearm compatible with pistol magazines and cartridges, comprising:an upper receiver;
a bolt carrier comprising a bolt carrier key attached thereto and extending therefrom, wherein the bolt carrier key comprises a forward protrusion and a rear protrusion forming a U-shaped channel;
a recoil spring guide rod slidably attached to the bolt carrier key through the forward protrusion and the rear protrusion;
a recoil spring disposed on the recoil spring guide rod between the rear protrusion of the bolt carrier key and a recoil bumper;
a fastener attached to the recoil spring guide rod opposite the recoil bumper, wherein the fastener is configured to prevent the bolt carrier key from sliding off of the recoil spring guide rod under the pressure of the recoil spring;
a forward charging handle comprising a handle attached to a charging rod, wherein the charging rod is configured to engage the forward protrusion of the bolt carrier key to drive the bolt carrier rearward, wherein the handle is disposed within a guide slot;
a return spring disposed about the charging rod; and
a locking slot disposed at a rear end of the guide slot;
wherein the handle is slidable along the guide slot rearward until the handle is disposed within the locking slot, wherein as the handle is moved rearward, the charging rod is configured to push against the forward protrusion of the carrier key to move the bolt carrier rearward, wherein the return spring moves the forward charging handle forward once the handle is removed from the locking slot, and
wherein the forward charging handle is a non-reciprocating charging handle.

US Pat. No. 10,215,512

HEAT SPREADER AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

A.L.M.T. Corp., Tokyo (J...

1. A heat spreader, comprising:a Cu—Mo layer made of a Cu—Mo composite material and having an average thickness of less than or equal to 0.6 mm and a variation in thickness of less than or equal to 0.1 mm; and
a Cu layer directly stacked on each of both surfaces of the Cu—Mo layer,
wherein a strength of bonding between the Cu—Mo layer and each of the Cu layers is more than or equal to 150 MPa.

US Pat. No. 10,215,511

RECEIVER FOR A HEAT EXCHANGER AND HEAT EXCHANGER, ESPECIALLY CONDENSER, EQUIPPED THEREOF

Valeo Autosystemy Sp. z o...

1. A receiver for a heat exchanger that is a condenser of a refrigerant system, said receiver comprising:a hollow body;
a closure closing said body, said body defining an internal volume configured to receive a fluid flowing through said heat exchanger,
said closure being adapted to establish a communication of said fluid between said internal volume and a flange of said heat exchanger, and said closure being removable from said flange and detachably coupled to said body; and
a filter for said fluid, located in said internal volume, said filter comprising:
a chamber in fluid communication with said internal volume via a filtering media,
a port establishing fluid communication between said closure and said chamber, and
a by-pass establishing a communication between said internal volume and said closure,
wherein said by-pass is a fluid inlet to said internal volume and said port is a fluid outlet of said internal volume, wherein the by-pass allows said fluid to travel directly from said closure to said internal volume,
wherein said closure is provided with an interface wall, configured to be in contact with said flange, said interface wall being a rib of a planar frame, wherein said closure further comprises reinforcing ribs provided on said planar frame, and wherein a sheath is located between said interface wall and one of said reinforcing ribs, wherein the sheath is a passage for a bolt to attach said closure to said flange.

US Pat. No. 10,215,510

METHOD FOR PROCESSING HEATED MATERIAL

SMS Group GmbH, Duesseld...

1. A method for processing hot metal slabs, sheets and strips and similar material (1), wherein the material is guided along a conveying path and is covered and protected against heat loss in the region of the conveying path by at least one reflector element (2), wherein the reflector element (2) is cooled by means of a liquid, characterized in thatthe reflector element includes a reflector material having a reflectivity of greater than 70%,
that the liquid is glycol or comprises glycol or in that the liquid is alcohol or comprises alcohol, or in that the liquid is thermal oil, and that during cooling, the liquid is heated only to a maximum temperature at which it still will not produce vapor pressure,
that the liquid is conducted within a closed circuit through the reflector element (2), thereby passing one heat exchanger (3), and
that the liquid is held at a predefined temperature by controlling a liquid flow rate based on an actual temperature of the reflector element as the liquid passes through the closed circuit, so that the liquid is kept from evaporation, wherein a volumetric flow rate is used as a control variable.

US Pat. No. 10,215,507

COIL SUPPORT PAD HAVING CONDENSATE DRAINAGE FUNCTIONALITY

TRANE INTERNATIONAL INC.,...

1. A coil support pad for use in an outdoor unit that includes a bottom pan and an outdoor coil, comprisinga base including
a central portion having a first end and a second end,
a first arm portion that extends outwardly in the direction of a first axis from the first end of the central portion to a first terminal end of the first arm portion,
a second arm portion that extends outwardly in the direction of a second axis from the second end of the central portion to a second terminal end of the second arm portion, wherein the base is L-shaped and is curved at the central portion as viewed in top view such that the first and second axes form a relative angle ?,
a top principal surface having a vertex and is sloped relative to the vertex, the top principal surface being patterned with a plurality of support protrusions, and the top principal surface having first and second support features that protrude upwardly from the top principal surface such that the first and second support features are disposed a greater distance from the bottom principal surface than the plurality of support protrusions, and
a bottom principal surface having a mating feature,
wherein the first and second support features are provided on the top principal surface of the first and second terminal ends, respectively, wherein each of the support features has a shape as viewed in top view that follows an outline of a cross-section of a coil header so that the support features are configured to fix a location of each of the respective coil headers, and
wherein the base is shaped so that the base as viewed in top view follows the outline of the outdoor coil and wherein the support protrusions on the top principal surface are configured to provide continuous support for the outdoor coil so as to allow a compressive force to maintain continuous contact between the outdoor coil and the coil support pad along a length of the outdoor coil.

US Pat. No. 10,215,506

HEAT EXCHANGER PLENUM APPARATUS

Harsco Technologies LLC, ...

18. A heat exchanger plenum for incorporating an engine silencer therein, the heat exchanger plenum comprising:an interior volume defined by said heat exchanger plenum;
a plenum frame structure comprising
an upper horizontal strut;
a midheight horizontal strut;
two upper vertical intermediate struts each comprising an upper intermediate end, an intermediate midspan and a lower intermediate end, wherein each said upper intermediate end is joined to said upper horizontal strut, and each said lower intermediate end is joined to said midheight horizontal strut;
a horizontal intermediate strut joined to and between said two vertical intermediate struts about their midspan;
one or more short vertical intermediate strut joined to and between said horizontal intermediate strut and said midheight horizontal strut;
a first opening defined by said upper horizontal strut, said midheight horizontal strut and said two upper vertical intermediate struts, configured to provide routing of exhaust gases from an exhaust gas source, external to said heat exchanger plenum, into said engine silencer;
a second opening, defined by said midheight horizontal strut, said two upper vertical intermediate struts, and said horizontal intermediate strut, for an externally driven fan shaft, wherein said fan shaft is arranged perpendicularly to said midheight horizontal strut; and
a silencer support frame assembly, joined to said horizontal intermediate strut of said plenum structure, comprising
an inner horizontal silencer support strut,
two or more silencer support crossmember struts and
an outer horizontal silencer support strut,
said two or more silencer support crossmember struts joined between said inner horizontal silencer support strut and said outer horizontal silencer support strut;two or more upwardly diagonal trusses disposed within said interior volume of said heat exchanger plenum and each comprising a lower truss end and an upper truss end, wherein each said lower truss end is joined to said midheight horizontal strut and each said upper truss end is joined to a corresponding one of said two or more silencer support crossmember struts for supporting said engine silencer above said fan shaft;a surge tank hingedly mounted externally to said heat exchanger plenum.

US Pat. No. 10,215,505

HEAT TRANSFER PLATE AND PLATE HEAT EXCHANGER

ALFA LAVAL CORPORATE AB, ...

1. A heat transfer plate comprising:an edge portion extending along an edge of the heat transfer plate, the edge portion being corrugated so as to comprise alternately arranged ridges and valleys as seen from a first side of the heat transfer plate,
wherein the ridges and the valleys extend perpendicularly to the edge of the heat transfer plate, a first one of the ridges having a top portion extending in a top portion plane, and a first one of the valleys, which is adjacent to the first ridge, having a bottom portion extending in a bottom portion plane,
wherein the top portion of the first ridge and the bottom portion of the first valley are connected by a main flank, the top portion of the first ridge, the bottom portion of the first valley and the main flank ending at an end distance from the edge of the heat transfer plate,
wherein a slope of the main flank in relation to the bottom portion plane as seen from the bottom portion of the first valley varies between a minimum slope and a maximum slope along the top portion of the first ridge and the bottom portion of the first valley, and
wherein a first slope of the main flank at a first distance from the edge of the heat transfer plate is smaller than a second slope of the main flank at a second distance from the edge of the heat transfer plate, the first distance being smaller than the second distance.

US Pat. No. 10,215,504

FLEXIBLE COLD PLATE WITH ENHANCED FLEXIBILITY

International Business Ma...

10. A cooling apparatus for an electronic device comprising:a top plate member of a thermal energy conductive material, said top plate member including planar surface regions and raised surface regions;
a bottom plate member of the thermal energy conductive material, said bottom plate member including planar surface regions and raised surface regions, the raised surface regions of the top plate member in alignment with corresponding raised surface regions of the bottom plate member, wherein said bottom plate member is configured for heat exchange contact with the electronic device;
a sidewall extending between said top plate member and said bottom plate member and joining said top plate member to said bottom plate member, said top plate member, said bottom plate member and said sidewall defining a chamber,
wherein a height distance of said sidewall between said top plate member and said bottom plate member at corresponding planar surface regions of said top plate member and bottom plate member other than said corresponding aligned raised surface regions of said top plate member and bottom plate member is reduced relative to a height distance of said sidewall between said top plate member and said bottom plate member at said corresponding aligned raised surface regions,
and a separation distance between said top plate and bottom plate members and joining said top plate member to said bottom plate member is reduced relative to the height distance between said top plate member and said bottom plate member at said corresponding aligned raised surface regions,
wherein at least one of said top plate member and said bottom plate member includes a plurality of stamped indent formations formed at the region other than said raised surface regions, each of said stamped indent formations providing a contact surface, said top plate member being affixed to said bottom plate member at said contact surface.

US Pat. No. 10,215,503

HEAT EXCHANGER, AIR-CONDITIONING APPARATUS USING THE SAME AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Mistubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A heat exchanger including plural heat transfer tubes and plural fins, whereineach fin has a first edge and a second edge, which are opposed, and plural opening ports on the first edge, for inserting and fastening the plural heat transfer tubes,
the heat exchanger is formed such that the plural heat transfer tubes and the plural fins cross each other,
only two of the plural heat transfer tubes are fastened to the opening ports in a state such that an outer side of each of the two heat transfer tubes protrudes from the first edges of the fins, and the two heat transfer tubes are located at opposite end portions of the fins,
each of innermost ends of the opening ports is spaced apart from the second edge of the fins, respectively,
the heat transfer tubes have a width dimension that is measured along a line that extends from the first edge to the second edge of each fin, and
the width dimension of the heat transfer tubes is uniform.

US Pat. No. 10,215,502

HEAT EXCHANGER

Mahle International GmbH,...

1. A heat exchanger for exchanging heat between a first fluid and a second fluid, comprising:a plurality of spaced apart flat tubes through which the first fluid flows, each of said flat tubes comprises two narrow tube sides and two wide tube sides;
a box having a base provided with a number of through-openings structured and arranged to receive said flat tubes such that each of said flat tubes is guided into the box via a corresponding through-opening of said through-openings;
said through-openings each having a raised edge that surrounds the corresponding flat tube, the raised edge including two narrow edge sides and two wide edge sides;
wherein each of the narrow edge sides is located between the two wide edge sides and each of the wide edge sides is located between the two narrow edge sides, and the raised edge includes a rounded corner portion located between each of the narrow and wide edge sides;
wherein a height of the wide edge sides is greater than a height of the narrow edge sides, and the height of the narrow edge sides is greater than a height of the corner portion;
wherein the raised edge is directly connected to the corresponding flat tube to define a continuous contact surface around the flat tube, the contact surface being the area of contact between the raised edge and the corresponding flat tube; and
wherein a height of the contact surface at the wide edge sides is greater than a height of the contact surface at the narrow edge sides, and the height of the contact surface at the narrow edge sides is greater than a height of the contact surface at the corner portion.

US Pat. No. 10,215,501

PHASE CHANGE ACTUATED VALVE FOR USE IN HEAT PIPE APPLICATIONS

ADVANCED COOLING TECHNOLO...

1. A heat exchanger comprising:a plurality of heat pipes, two or more of the heat pipes having a thermally actuate control valve;each thermally actuate passive control valve comprising:a housing having a first opening for receiving a condenser portion of a respective heat pipe therein, a second opening for receiving an evaporator portion of the respective heat pipe therein, a passage extending through the housing from the first opening to the second opening, the passage configured to receive working fluid from the heat pipe therein;
a passage closing member positioned in the housing proximate to or in the passage, the passage closing member having a surface which cooperates with a wall of the passage, the passage closing member is movable between an open position and a closed position;
a heater provided proximate the passage closing member, the heating device configured to supply heat to the passage closing member;
wherein with the passage closing member in an open position, the valve is configured to provide a flow path for the working fluid;
wherein at a design temperature, the passage closing member moves into the passage to the closed position, preventing the flow of the working fluid, thereby preventing heat transfer between the condenser portion and the evaporator portion when the design temperature is reached or exceeded;
a phase change material of first respective thermally actuate passive control valves positioned in first heat pipes of the plurality of heat pipes is activated or melted at a different temperature than a phase change material of second respective thermally actuate passive control valves positioned in second heat pipes of the plurality of heat pipes.

US Pat. No. 10,215,500

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE ASSEMBLY WITH VAPOR CHAMBER

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A semiconductor device assembly, comprising:a support substrate;
a first semiconductor die on the support substrate and having a base region and a peripheral region adjacent to the base region;
a second semiconductor die at the base region; and
a thermal transfer device attached to the support substrate and the peripheral region of the first semiconductor die, wherein the thermal transfer device is directly attached to the support substrate via an adhesive material, wherein the thermal transfer device extends over the second semiconductor die, and wherein the thermal transfer device includes a conductive structure having a sealed internal chamber at least over the second semiconductor die and a working fluid at least partially filling the chamber, wherein the conductive structure includes—
a first fluid conversion region within the chamber that transfers heat from at least the peripheral region of the first semiconductor die to a volume of the working fluid to vaporize the volume in the chamber, and
a second fluid conversion region within the chamber that condenses the volume of the working fluid in the chamber after it has been vaporized.

US Pat. No. 10,215,499

HEAT DISSIPATION DEVICE

ASIA VITAL COMPONENTS CO....

1. A heat dissipation device consisting of:a preformed covering member having a hollow C-shaped fitting portion formed with a receiving portion and an opening and a first heat transfer plate integrally outwardly extended from a periphery of the C-shaped fitting portion and defining only a single layer;
a heat pipe disposed in the receiving portion; and
a heat dissipation unit having a plurality of parallelly spaced heat radiation fins; each of the heat radiation fins having a through hole formed thereon, and the through hole having at least one first locating slot outward extended therefrom; and the C-shaped fitting portion and the first heat transfer plate correspondingly extended through the through holes and the first locating slots, respectively, to thereby connect to the heat dissipation unit and the first heat transfer plate extending to a periphery of the heat radiation fins so as to increase heat transfer area and provide remote heat dissipation.

US Pat. No. 10,215,498

AIR GUIDE-INTEGRATED EVAPORATION COOLER AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

KYUNGDONG NAVIEN CO., LTD...

1. An air guide-integrated evaporation cooler comprising:a plurality of barrier plates; and
gap units including a plurality of bars positioned between the plurality of barrier plates, disposed to be spaced apart from each other at a center portion thereof, and configured to form heat exchangers, and guides disposed at edges of the plurality of barrier plates and configured to determine a direction of a fluid flow,
wherein a counterflow is formed in two adjacent gap units of the gap units with one barrier plate of the plurality of barrier plates interposed therebetween.

US Pat. No. 10,215,497

HEAT EXCHANGER AND PRODUCTION METHOD FOR HEAT EXCHANGER

Kobe Steel, Ltd., Kobe-s...

1. A heat exchanger that allows at least a first fluid and a second fluid circulating therein to exchange heat therebetween, the heat exchanger comprising a stacking block having therein a first flow path for the first fluid and a second flow path for the second fluid, wherein the stacking block comprises: a first plate having a first plate first surface and a first plate second surface, a second plate having a second plate first surface and a second plate second surface, the first plate stacked on the second plate; the first plate formed with a plurality of first through holes having mutually identical shapes; the second plate formed with a plurality of second through holes having mutually identical shapes, the mutually identical shapes of the second through holes being identical to the mutually identical shapes of the first through holes; a first seal plate stacked on the first plate first surface; and a second seal plate stacked on the second plate second surface, wherein the first plate first surface faces away from the second plate and the second plate second surface faces away from the first plate, wherein in the first plate, the first through holes are mutually aligned and equally spaced in a first direction, wherein in the second plate, the second through holes are mutually aligned and equally spaced in the first direction, wherein each of the first through holes has regions overlapping with the second through holes on both sides of the first through hole in the first direction, and the first flow path is formed by the first through holes and the second through holes being alternately connected in the first direction in the regions where first and second holes overlap; wherein each of the first through holes consists of a first through hole one end part formed in the first plate second surface, a first through hole other end part formed in the first plate first surface, and a first through hole intermediate part which is a portion between the first through hole one end part and the first through hole other end part of the first through hole, wherein the first through hole other end part has a diameter smaller than the diameter of the first through hole one end part, wherein the first through hole intermediate part is formed so that the diameter thereof is not less than the diameter of the first through hole other end part and not more than the diameter of the first through hole one end part; wherein each of the second through holes consists of a second through hole one end part formed in the second plate first surface, a second through hole other end part formed in the second plate second surface, and a second through hole intermediate part which is a portion between the second through hole one end part and the second through hole other end part of the second through hole; wherein the second through hole other end part has a diameter smaller than the diameter of the second through hole one end part, and wherein the second through hole intermediate part is formed so that the diameter thereof is not less than the diameter of the second through hole other end part and not more than the diameter of the second through hole one end part.

US Pat. No. 10,215,496

MULTI-FLOW HEAT EXCHANGER FOR EXCHANGING HEAT BETWEEN COOL FLUID AND HOT FLUID

Bosal Emission Control Sy...

1. A heat exchanger comprising:a cool heat exchanging conduit adapted for guiding a cool fluid, the cool heat exchanging conduit having a cool fluid inlet and a cool fluid outlet;
a hot heat exchanging conduit adapted for guiding a hot fluid, the hot heat exchanging conduit having a hot fluid inlet and a hot fluid outlet;
a heat exchanging element arranged between the cool heat exchanging conduit and the hot heat exchanging conduit for heat exchange between the cool fluid and the hot fluid;
at least one additional heat exchanging conduit for guiding an additional fluid, the at least one additional heat exchanging conduit having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet, wherein the at least one additional heat exchanging conduit is arranged adjacent at least one heat exchanging conduit from the group consisting of the cool heat exchanging conduit and the hot heat exchanging conduit, and on a same side of the heat exchanging element as said at least one heat exchanging conduit from the group consisting of the cool heat exchanging conduit and the hot heat exchanging conduit, and wherein the at least one additional heat exchanging conduit is separated from the at least one heat exchanging conduit from the group consisting of the cool heat exchanging conduit and the hot heat exchanging conduit by a separator comprising two separating elements arranged at a distance to each other and forming a cavity between the two separating elements, the separator limiting a fluid flow into or within the cavity the at least one additional heat exchanging conduit and the at least one heat exchanging conduit from the group consisting of the cool heat exchanging conduit and the hot heat exchanging conduit, and arranged on the same side of the heat exchanging element.

US Pat. No. 10,215,495

METALLURGICAL APPARATUS

PYROTEK, INC., Aurora, O...

1. A metallurgical apparatus comprising:a vessel for holding a body of liquid metal, and
a circulating apparatus for circulating the body of liquid metal within the vessel,
wherein the vessel has a peripheral wall and a base, and
wherein the circulating apparatus comprises:
a launder that provides a flow channel, and
a pumping device for pumping liquid metal through the launder,
wherein the launder has an inlet end connected to a first opening in the peripheral wall and an outlet end connected to a second opening in the peripheral wall, each of the inlet end and outlet end being selectively opened and closed by moveable dams adjustable between an open configuration in which the flow of liquid metal between the vessel and the launder is permitted, and a closed configuration in which the flow of liquid metal between the vessel and the launder is prevented, and
wherein the pumping device is configured to pump liquid metal through the launder so that liquid metal flows out of the vessel through the first opening and into the vessel through the second opening, thereby causing the body of liquid metal within the vessel to circulate.

US Pat. No. 10,215,494

METHOD OF OPERATING ELECTRIC ARC FURNACE

DAIDO STEEL CO., LTD., A...

1. A method of operating an electric arc furnace, wherein the electric arc furnace comprises:(a) a furnace shell that includes a charging opening, a cylindrical circumferential wall portion and a furnace bottom portion, and a tapping hole and/or a slag door,
(b) a furnace roof that has a plurality of electrodes provided so as to face downwards, and
(c) a rotating apparatus that rotates the furnace shell around a vertical axis relative to the electrodes,
in which a metal material charged into the furnace shell is melted by heat of arcs formed between the electrodes and the metal material, wherein the method comprises:
charging the metal material into the furnace shell via the charging opening, and thereafter,
rotating the furnace shell relative to the electrodes during melting of the metal material, and
stopping the rotation when any one of the plurality of electrodes reaches a holding position that is previously set relative to the tapping hole or the slag door, and holding the furnace shell at the holding position,
in the case where the holding position is set relative to the tapping hole, the holding position is set in such a position that an extension line of a line connecting a rotational center of the furnace shell to any one of the plurality of electrodes is positioned in a range within ±50° in a rotation direction of the furnace shell, centered at a line connecting the rotational center of the furnace shell to a center of the tapping hole, and
in the case where the holding position is set relative to the slag door, the holding position is set in such a position that the extension line of the line connecting the rotational center of the furnace shell to any one of the plurality of electrodes one electrode is positioned in a range of an angle of less than 60° from an end of the slag door in the rotation direction of the furnace shell.

US Pat. No. 10,215,493

METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR DRYING ELECTRONIC DEVICES

Revive Electronics, LLC, ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a low-pressure chamber comprising an interior configured for placement of an electronic device in the interior and removal of the electronic device from the interior;
an evacuation pump connected to the low-pressure chamber;
a heater connected to the low-pressure chamber; and
at least one control system connected to the evacuation pump and the heater, wherein the at least one control system controls removal of moisture from the electronic device by controlling the evacuation pump to decrease pressure within the low-pressure chamber, and controlling operation of the heater to provide heat to the electronic device, wherein the at least one control system is further configured for determining whether to stop or continue removing the moisture from the electronic device based on data associated with at least one of the electronic device or the low-pressure chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,215,492

METHOD FOR PRODUCING SALTS WITH A REDUCED WATER OF CRYSTALLISATION CONTENT

Andritz Technology and As...

1. A method for drying moist salts containing water of crystallisation, comprising:drying the moist salts with a hot drying gas having a moisture content and temperature in a convective dryer whereby water is evaporated from the moist salts as the moist salts are dried and said evaporated water increases the moisture content of the drying gas in the dryer; and
maintaining the absolute moisture content of the drying gas in the dryer above a predefined moisture content value, using only water evaporated from said moist salts, wherein
the moisture content in the drying gas in the dryer is maintained above said predefined moisture content value, in dependence on sensing the water evaporation rate from said moist salts and the temperature of the drying gas.

US Pat. No. 10,215,491

LAUNDRY TREATING APPLIANCE WITH BULKY ITEM DETECTION

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A method for controlling an operation of a laundry treating appliance comprising a rotatable drum at least partially defining a treating chamber, the method comprising:imaging the laundry within the treating chamber, via at least one imaging device located within the treating chamber for receiving laundry for treatment in accordance with a treating cycle of operation, to generate multiple images of a laundry load within the treating chamber; and
determining, by a controller, a size of the laundry load from the multiple images by processing image data with computer software stored on the controller to define a determined size.

US Pat. No. 10,215,490

KICK STAND SYSTEM AND METHOD

1. An accessory stand system for use with a blender stand and blender pitcher comprising:one or more posts detachably attached and extended from the blender stand;
one or more pegs pivotally and detachably attached along a length of the one or more
posts and one or more sides of the blender pitcher.

US Pat. No. 10,215,489

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR THE LOW-TEMPERATURE SEPARATION OF AIR AT VARIABLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION

LINDE AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT,...

1. A method for variably obtaining a pressurized-gas by means of low-temperature separation of air in a distillation column system comprising a high-pressure column and a low-pressure column, said method comprising:compressing the entire feed air in a main air compressor to a first pressure, which is at least 4 bar higher than an operating pressure of the high-pressure column,
cooling a first partial stream of the feed air compressed in the main air compressor to a first intermediate temperature in a main heat exchanger, and work expanding the first partial stream in a first air turbine to form an expanded first partial stream,
introducing at least a first part of the expanded first partial stream into the distillation column system,
further compressing a second partial stream of the feed air compressed in the main air compressor to a second pressure, which is higher than the first pressure, in a first booster air compressor driven by the first turbine, cooling the second partial stream in the main heat exchanger, and subsequently expanding the second partial stream and introducing the expanded second partial stream into the distillation column system,
removing a first product stream in liquid form from the distillation column system and increasing the pressure of the first product stream to a first product pressure,
evaporating or pseudo-evaporating and warming the first product stream in the main heat exchanger,
obtaining warmed first product stream as a first pressurized-gas product,
compressing a first process stream, containing at least 78 mol % of nitrogen, in a multi-stage compressor from an inlet pressure to a final pressure,
wherein the multi-stage compressor is a nitrogen product compressor and
wherein the first process stream is a first gaseous nitrogen stream from the low-pressure column,
said method further comprising
in said first operating mode, obtaining a first amount of said first pressurized-gas product,
in said second operating mode, obtaining a second amount of said first pressurized-gas product, which is smaller than the first amount first pressurized-gas product,
in the first operating mode, obtaining a second process stream which is a first gaseous stream from the high-pressure column and contains at least 78 mol % of nitrogen, and wherein no amount or a first amount of the second process stream is mixed with the first process stream downstream of a first stage of the multi-stage compressor and, with the first process stream, is compressed in the multi-stage compressor, and
in the second operating mode, a second amount of the second process stream is compressed in the multi-stage compressor, wherein said second amount of the second process stream is greater than the amount of the second process stream compressed in the multi-stage compressor in said first operating mode.

US Pat. No. 10,215,488

TREATMENT OF NITROGEN-RICH NATURAL GAS STREAMS

Air Products and Chemical...

1. A process for recovering helium and natural gas liquid (NGL) from pressurized natural gas comprising methane, C2+ hydrocarbons, helium and at least 70% nitrogen, said process comprising:pre-treating said pressurized nitrogen-rich natural gas to remove one or more impurities incompatible with the process and produce pre-treated natural gas;
cooling said pre-treated natural gas to produce cooled pre-treated natural gas;
separating said cooled pre-treated natural gas by distillation in an NGL recovery column system comprising one or more distillation columns, to produce NGL and C2+ hydrocarbon-depleted natural gas comprising helium and methane; and
separating said C2+ hydrocarbon-depleted natural gas by distillation in a helium recovery column system to produce helium-enriched overhead vapor and nitrogen-enriched bottoms liquid comprising methane.

US Pat. No. 10,215,487

METHOD OF CONTROL OF THE NATURAL GAS LIQUEFACTION PROCESS

SAKHALIN ENERGY INVESTMEN...

1. A method for control of a natural gas liquefaction process, wherein the process comprises (a) feeding a natural gas into a main heat exchanger through an inlet in the main heat exchanger; (b) feeding mixed refrigerant from a mixed refrigerant circuit into the main heat exchanger to cause the natural gas to undergo heat exchange with the mixed refrigerant so as to cool and liquefy the natural gas in the main heat exchanger; and (c) removing the liquefied natural gas through an outlet of the main heat exchanger, the method comprising the steps of:(i) collecting data by measuring over a period of time a mixed refrigerant composition, a liquid natural gas (LNG) flow rate, power of a mixed refrigerant compressor driver, temperatures (Tcp) of the gas entering the inlet of the main heat exchanger and temperatures (Trd) of the liquefied natural gas exiting the outlet of the main heat exchanger;
(ii) calculating a Carnot factor over a period of time based on the LNG flow rate, the power of the mixed refrigerant compressor driver and a minimal specific work that would be needed to liquefy the natural gas in an ideal cooling cycle as a function of Tcp and Trd for the data collected in step (i);
(iii) determining a relationship of a composition of the mixed refrigerant fed into the main heat exchanger to the temperature (Tcp) of gas entering the inlet of the main heat exchanger based on samples of the data with a highest value of the Carnot factor;
(iv) calculating optimal concentration values of components of the mixed refrigerant fed into the main heat exchanger for the temperature (Tcp) based on the relationship determined in step (iii);
(v) calculating target amounts of the components of the mixed refrigerant in the mixed refrigerant circuit needed to obtain the optimal concentration values calculated in step (iv) using an equation of state and comparing the calculated target amounts with current amounts of components of the mixed refrigerant in the mixed refrigerant circuit to estimate a difference between the calculated target amounts and the current amounts; and
(vi) adjusting the current amounts of the mixed refrigerant in the mixed refrigerant circuit using the difference estimated in step (v) to conform to the calculated target amounts.

US Pat. No. 10,215,486

LIQUEFIED GAS PRODUCTION FACILITY

JGC CORPORATION, Kanagaw...

1. A liquefied gas production facility comprising:a plurality of liquefied gas producers which produce liquefied gas by removing an unnecessary substance and liquefying feed gas containing methane as a main component,
wherein the plurality of liquefied gas producers comprise a first liquefied gas producer, a second liquefied gas producer, and a third liquefied gas producer,
wherein the first and second liquefied gas producers are adjacent to each other, the second and third liquefied gas producers are adjacent to each other, and the second gas producer is arranged between the first and third gas producers,
wherein each of the liquefied gas producers is rectangular and comprises:
a heat exchanger that cools the feed gas by causing the feed gas to exchange heat with a refrigerant;
a compressor that compresses the refrigerant that is evaporated as a result of the heat exchange with the feed gas,
an air fin cooler unit that cools the compressed refrigerant, the air fin cooler unit being rectangular and comprising a plurality of air fin coolers that are arranged along at least one straight line; and
an expander that cools the cooled refrigerant through adiabatic expansion,
wherein, in the each of the liquefied gas producers, each of the heat exchanger, the compressor, and the expander is arranged at a side of the air fin cooler unit in a longitudinal direction of the air fin cooler unit,
wherein the first and second liquefied gas producers are shifted from each other in a longitudinal direction of the first liquefied gas producer,
wherein a first ratio X/L of a distance (X) to a length (L) is equal to or greater than 0.2, the distance (X) being a longitudinally shifted distance of the second liquefied gas
producer and the length (L) being a longitudinal length of the first liquefied gas producer,
wherein the plurality of air fin coolers in the second liquefied gas producer comprise a propane subcooler that is disposed at the opposite side of the direction in which the second liquefied gas producer is shifted,
wherein the second and third liquefied gas producers are shifted from each other in the longitudinal direction of the first liquefied gas producer,
wherein a second ratio X/L of a distance (X) to a length (L) is equal to or greater than 0.2, the distance (X) being a longitudinally shifted distance of the third liquefied gas producer and the length (L) being a longitudinal length of the second liquefied gas producer, and
wherein the second and third liquefied gas producers are arranged in a lateral direction of the first liquefied gas producer.

US Pat. No. 10,215,485

METHOD OF TREATING A HYDROCARBON STREAM COMPRISING METHANE, AND AN APPARATUS THEREFOR

SHELL OIL COMPANY, Houst...

1. Method of treating a hydrocarbon stream comprising methane, the method comprising:cooling at least a part of the hydrocarbon stream and a main refrigerant stream by indirect heat exchanging against a pre-cooling refrigerant, to provide a pre-cooled hydrocarbon stream and a pre-cooled main refrigerant stream;
passing the pre-cooled hydrocarbon stream to a first inlet of an extraction column;
discharging an effluent stream, in the form of a methane-enriched hydrocarbon stream, from the extraction column via a vapour outlet arranged gravitationally higher relative to the first inlet into the extraction column, and a liquid methane-depleted hydrocarbon stream from the extraction column via a liquid outlet arranged gravitationally lower relative to the first inlet into the extraction column;
passing the effluent stream to a further heat exchanger;
passing at least a part of the pre-cooled main refrigerant stream to the further heat exchanger; and
cooling both the effluent stream and the at least part of the pre-cooled main refrigerant stream in the further heat exchanger thereby providing a cooled methane-enriched hydrocarbon stream and at least one cooled main refrigerant stream;wherein said passing of the effluent stream to the further heat exchanger and said passing of the pre-cooled hydrocarbon stream to the first inlet of the extraction column comprises indirectly heat exchanging the effluent stream against the pre-cooled hydrocarbon stream,wherein said indirectly heat exchanging of the effluent stream against the pre-cooled hydrocarbon stream comprises passing the pre-cooled hydrocarbon stream from a first inlet into an extraction column heat exchanger, through the extraction column heat exchanger in indirect heat exchanging interaction with the effluent stream, to a first outlet from the extraction column heat exchanger, and passing the effluent stream from a second inlet into the extraction column heat exchanger, through the extraction column heat exchanger in indirect heat exchanging interaction with the pre-cooled hydrocarbon stream, to a second outlet from the extraction column heat exchanger, further comprising extracting heat from at least one of:
the pre-cooled hydrocarbon stream between the first inlet into the extraction column heat exchanger and the first inlet of the extraction column;
the effluent stream between the vapour outlet from the extraction column and the second outlet from the extraction column heat exchanger;
vapour and/or liquid within the extraction column in an area being gravitationally minimally as high as the first inlet into the extraction column and maximally as high as the vapour outlet from the extraction column;by heat exchanging against an auxiliary refrigerant stream.

US Pat. No. 10,215,484

CASCADING ICE LUGE

1. An apparatus for rapid chilling and dispensing of beverages comprising,freezing trays, said freezing trays configured for freezing water into ice blocks, said trays further configured to form a preformed lane on each of the ice blocks,
a plurality of shelves, each of said shelves having a front end and having a rear end, each of said shelves having a pair of front mounting blocks and having a pair of rear mounting blocks, said front and rear mounting blocks having threaded holes for joining the shelves, said front mounting blocks being angled to provide for progressively increasing the pitch of each higher shelf when said shelves are joined, said shelves comprised of an upper shelf, a lowest shelf, and an intermediate shelf, said lowest shelf having a retaining member,
threaded bolts, said threaded bolts being configured to be received by said threaded holes, whereby the rear end of the shelves may be joined to the front end of adjacent shelves,
a support bracket configured to support the upper shelf, said support bracket further configured to rest on a supporting surface such as a table or floor, said support brackets further having threaded portions which engage said threaded holes of said mounting blocks,
a retaining member, said retaining member affixed to the lowest shelf and positioned wherein the ice blocks can be securely positioned on said shelves whereby the beverage applied to a lane of the ice block on the upper shelf will cascade into a lane of each successive lower ice block without loss of beverage.

US Pat. No. 10,215,483

REFRIGERATOR WITH CAMERA AND CONTROL METHOD FOR THE SAME

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a cabinet in which a storage compartment is defined by a fixed insulation wall, the storage compartment configured to store food and having an access opening;
a door rotatably provided at the cabinet and configured to open and close the access opening of the storage compartment;
a camera configured to take a photo that captures a plurality of regions of an interior of the storage compartment;
a display; and
at least one processor configured to control the display to display, simultaneously on a screen, a plurality of images that represent the plurality of regions,
wherein the plurality of images displayed on the screen of the display are arranged in a row and separated from each other, each image having the same width.

US Pat. No. 10,215,482

REFRIGERATOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A refrigerator, comprising:a main body having a storage chamber;
a door opening or closing the storage chamber; and
a dispenser provided at the door,
wherein the dispenser comprises:
a dispenser housing having:
a top surface;
a bottom surface; and
a recessed surface that is defined between the top surface and the bottom surface, and is recessed backward into the door to define a container accommodation space;
an ice chute forwardly protruding from the recessed surface and downwardly extending from the top surface to be disposed in the container accommodation space, the ice chute having:
a front surface;
both side surface defined at both side edges of the front surface, the side surfaces being spaced apart from both side edges of the dispenser housing; and
a bottom surface having an ice discharge hole; and
a control panel unit mounted on the front surface of the ice chute and comprising a display part and a dispensing mode selection part.

US Pat. No. 10,215,481

REFRIGERATION DEVICE

DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, LTD., ...

1. A refrigeration device which comprises a refrigerant circuit including an evaporator, and which performs low-temperature treatment operation for treating a cargo in an interior of the device under a predetermined low-temperature condition,the refrigeration device comprising:
a blow-out temperature detector that detects a blow-out temperature of air which is cooled in the evaporator and blown out into the interior;
a cargo temperature detector that detects a temperature of the cargo;
a memory; and
a central processing unit that runs control programs stored in the memory, and performs cooling control of the interior on the basis of the temperature detected by the blow-out temperature detector and the temperature detected by the cargo temperature detector so that the temperature of the cargo satisfies the low-temperature condition in the low-temperature treatment operation, wherein
the memory stores a first set temperature as a control target value for the blow-out temperature in the low-temperature treatment operation and a cargo target temperature as a target value for the temperature of the cargo in the low-temperature treatment operation,
the central processing unit measures a treatment time elapsed for low-temperature treatment of the cargo in the low-temperature treatment operation,
the central processing unit controls the refrigerant circuit so that the blow-out temperature approaches the first set temperature upon starting the low-temperature treatment operation, and
the central processing unit starts measuring the treatment time when the temperature of the cargo is lower than the cargo target temperature upon starting the low-temperature treatment operation.

US Pat. No. 10,215,480

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A REFRIGERATING UNIT

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

12. An apparatus comprising:a freezing cavity;
a refrigeration circuit in thermal communication with the freezing cavity configured to maintain the freezing cavity at least at a first set temperature subject to a first temperature oscillation range, and at a second set temperature subject to a second temperature oscillation range; and
a user interface allowing a user to set a controlling routine to reduce freezer burn of a food product loaded into the freezing cavity;
wherein, when the controlling routine is not set, the refrigeration circuit maintains the freezing cavity at the first set temperature subject to the first temperature oscillation range;
wherein, when the controlling routine is set, the refrigeration circuit maintains the freezing cavity at the second set temperature subject to the second temperature oscillation range until the user disengages the controlling routine via the user interface; and
wherein, the second set temperature is colder than the first set temperature and the second temperature oscillation range is smaller than the first temperature oscillation range.

US Pat. No. 10,215,479

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ACCESSING REFRIGERATED ITEMS

1. An apparatus for refrigerating comprisinga cabinet shell including a first compartment and a second compartment, each of said first and second compartments including a respective opening for receiving items to be refrigerated, the first compartment comprising an interior wall, the interior wall comprising
a rear interior wall portion;
a first side interior wall portion; and,
a second side interior wall portion;
a French-style door set, the French-style door set comprising
first and second French-style doors pivotally mounted to the cabinet shell about the opening of the first compartment,
wherein the first French-style door comprises an outer surface and an inner surface, wherein the second French-style door comprises an outer surface and an inner surface, wherein the first French-style door is configured to rotate about a first door hinge so as to be opened in a clockwise direction and wherein the first French-style door comprises a first door shelf, the first door shelf comprising a back wall, wherein the back wall further comprises a proximal portion and a distal portion, wherein the proximal portion of the back wall is configured to contour to at least 3 percent of the perimeter of a rotatable shelf, wherein the first door shelf further comprises a floor;
wherein the second French-style door is configured to rotate about a second door hinge so as to be opened in a counterclockwise direction, wherein the second French-style door further comprises a second door shelf, wherein the second door shelf comprises a back wall, wherein the back wall of the second door shelf comprises a proximal portion and a distal portion, wherein the proximal portion of the back wall of the second door shelf is configured to contour to at least 3 percent of the perimeter of the rotatable shelf, wherein the first French-style door is configured to abut the second French-style door and wherein the first French-style door and the second French-style door are collectively characterized as a French-style door set;
at least one rotatable shelf assembly disposed within the first compartment of the apparatus, the at least one rotatable shelf assembly comprising
the rotatable shelf, wherein the rotatable shelf is disc-shaped, the rotatable shelf comprising
a circumference portion;
an annular-shaped lip coupled to the circumference portion;
an upper surface;
a lower surface; and,
a bearing assembly comprising
at least three bearing holders;
at least three bearings wherein the at least three bearings are each operably coupled to one of the at least three bearing holders;
a support bracket comprising
an upper surface;
a lower surface;
an outer surface; and,
a support bracket flange configured to physically couple with the interior wall of the apparatus, the support bracket flange being further configured to orient the upper surface of the support bracket in a substantially horizontal direction within the apparatus, the support bracket being detachably coupled with the at least three bearings.

US Pat. No. 10,215,478

WATER VALVE PREVENTING REDUNDANT WATER FROM DRIPPING AND REFRIGERATOR USING THE SAME

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A valve body provided at an end portion of a nozzle and configured to control dispensing of liquid by sliding along a lengthwise direction of the nozzle, the valve body comprising:an outlet end at least partially covering a leading end surface of the nozzle and having a water passing hole formed at the outlet end through which the liquid is discharged;
an outer insertion wall that extends from the outlet end toward the nozzle, provided outside an outer circumferential surface of an inner wall of the nozzle, and spaced from the outer circumferential surface of the inner wall of the nozzle by a predetermined distance;
a tube that extends from the outlet end toward an inner space of the nozzle, the tube configured to guide a portion of a flow of liquid from the nozzle toward a space between the nozzle and the outer insertion wall; and
an opening formed at the outlet end, the tube, or at least a part of the outlet end and the tube, the opening being configured to connect a space between the outer insertion wall and the tube to at least one of an inner space of the tube or the water passing hole to allow release of pressure in the space between the outer insertion wall and the tube formed by the liquid guided by the tube.

US Pat. No. 10,215,477

REFRIGERATOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a cabinet having a storage compartment;
a door provided at the cabinet;
a water tank separably coupled to the door;
an inlet port formed in the door to allow water, stored in the water tank, to be introduced into the door;
a support structure provided at the door to support the bottom of the water tank;
a fixing unit provided at the door to fix the water tank, the fixing unit including a first protrusion configured to be moved by elastic force and separably coupled to the water tank; and
a handle provided at the water tank to enable separation of the water tank from the fixing unit, the handle rotatably provided at the water tank,
wherein the water tank is separated from the fixing unit when the handle is rotated.

US Pat. No. 10,215,476

REFRIGERATION DEVICE WITH REINFORCED HOUSING

BSH Hausgeraete GmbH, Mu...

1. A refrigeration device, comprising:a housing having an inner liner and a lower housing plate, a beam with a bottom wall connected to said lower housing plate and a front wall connected to said inner liner;
a thermal insulation material formed by foaming between said lower housing plate and said inner liner; and
a reinforcing member affixed on said beam for enhancing a strength of said bottom wall, said reinforcing member being disposed between said bottom wall and said inner liner; and
said reinforcing member and said front wall being disposed to form a cavity therebetween, and having the thermal insulation material filled in said cavity between said reinforcing member and said front wall.

US Pat. No. 10,215,475

UNIVERSAL FIXING SYSTEM FOR A RANGE OF MODULAR REFRIGERATOR COMPONENTS

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A modular component fixing system for an appliance, the modular component fixing system comprising:a refrigerating appliance having an outer wrapper and an inner liner defining an insulating cavity therebetween;
a plurality of modular attachment slots defined within the inner liner, each of the plurality of modular attachment slots having an upturned flange that defines an angular recess, and wherein each of the plurality of modular attachment slots includes at least one downwardly angled channel in communication with the angular recess; and
a plurality of modular components, wherein each of the plurality of modular components includes an abutment surface and a supporting flange extending from the abutment surface at a predetermined angle, the predetermined angle of the supporting flange being substantially similar to a recess angle defined by the angular recess, wherein each modular component is configured to be removably engaged with any one of the plurality of modular attachment slots by inserting the supporting flange into a corresponding angular recess of the plurality of modular attachment slots such that the abutment surface is substantially flush with an interior surface of the inner liner, wherein at least one modular component of the plurality of modular components is a drawer glide, wherein the drawer glide is adapted to receive a drawer that is operable within the drawer glide between extended and retracted positions.

US Pat. No. 10,215,474

REFRIGERATOR

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A refrigerator comprising:an inner casing that is located within a main refrigerator body and that includes:
a storage compartment, and
a mounting recess that is a recessed portion on a surface of the inner casing; and
an in-refrigerator part that is configured to be coupled to the inner casing and that includes:
a temporary fixing protrusion that protrudes from a portion of the in-refrigerator part and that includes two segments that are configured to (i) be inserted into the mounting recess, (ii) be coupled to an inner portion of the mounting recess, and (iii) be fixed to the mounting recess,
wherein the mounting recess is formed by recessing at least a part of the inner casing toward an exterior area of a food storage compartment, and
wherein the inner casing defines both a shape and a depth of the mounting recess.

US Pat. No. 10,215,473

REFRIGERATOR

BSH Hausgeraete GmbH, Mu...

1. A refrigerator, comprising a door, said door including:a side of said door;
a user interface electrical module;
a first receiving space receiving said user interface electrical module;
a second receiving space being open towards said side of said door and having at least one boundary wall;
a handle member detachably received in said second receiving space, said handle member closing said first receiving space, said handle member having longitudinal sides opposite one another and longitudinal end sides opposite one another and extending between said longitudinal sides;
said user interface electrical module being accessible through said second receiving space upon removing said handle member; and
a sealing member having a sealing portion sealing said longitudinal sides and said longitudinal end sides to said at least one boundary wall of said second receiving space.

US Pat. No. 10,215,472

REFRIGERATOR HAVING SLIDABLY INSERTABLE HEAT DISSIPATION DUCT

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a main body having a storage compartment; and
a door configured to open or close the storage compartment,
wherein the door includes:
a door cap coupled to at least one of an upper portion and a lower portion of the door;
a display provided at a front surface of the door;
a heat dissipation cover arranged behind the display to form a heat dissipation flow path through which heat generated in the display is dissipated; and
a heat dissipation duct slidably insertable into the door through the at least one of the upper portion and the lower portion of the door, to be seated between a coupling portion of the heat dissipation cover and an insertion portion of the door cap,
wherein the coupling portion and the insertion portion extend lengthwise along the heat dissipation duct to accommodate the heat dissipation duct.

US Pat. No. 10,215,471

STRUCTURAL STANCHION FOR A CABINET OF AN APPLIANCE

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. An appliance comprising:a cabinet having first and second sidewalls and an interior mullion extending therebetween, wherein the first and second sidewalls and the interior mullion define a plurality of interior compartments;
first and second stanchions that define vertical structural members of the first and second sidewalls, respectively, wherein the first stanchion includes a first medial flange that extends partially into the interior mullion, wherein the first medial flange defines a first hinge attachment point, and wherein a distal end of the first medial flange is positioned proximate a first hinge, and wherein the first medial flange is integrally formed with the first stanchion and is free of direct contact with the second stanchion; and
an exterior cabinet member that extends over at least a portion of the first stanchion and at least a portion of the second stanchion, wherein an outward portion of the exterior cabinet member includes a contact surface, wherein a heat loop is at least partially disposed in an interstitial space defined by a folded portion of the exterior cabinet member, the heat loop being in thermal communication with the contact surface, and wherein the first and second stanchions and the folded portion of the exterior cabinet member cooperatively define a plurality of slots wherein each of the plurality of slots define insulation injection ports through which insulation is injected into at least a portion of the interstitial space, wherein the slots of the folded portion are aligned with the slots of the first and second stanchions.

US Pat. No. 10,215,470

HEAT PUMP SYSTEM AND OPERATION METHOD THEREFOR

MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRI...

1. A heat pump system in which a plurality of heat pumps is connected with respect to a system load, comprising:a system controller that successively calculates a capacity capable of being output by each heat pump which is in operation among the heat pumps, compares a value of the calculated capacity which serves as a threshold value with a thermal load of the system load, and controls the number of heat pumps which are in operation among the heat pumps,
wherein the system controller is configured to calculate, when a specific heat pump among the respective heat pumps starts or terminates a defrost operation, the capacity capable of being output by each heat pump so that an overall capacity of the heat pump system is increased or decreased by the capacity of the specific heat pump.

US Pat. No. 10,215,469

COOLING CYCLE APPARATUS FOR REFRIGERATOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A cooling cycle apparatus for a refrigerator, comprising:a first compressor that compresses a refrigerant;
a condenser that condenses the refrigerant compressed in the first compressor;
a first expansion device that lowers a temperature and a pressure of a portion of the refrigerant condensed in the condenser;
a first evaporator that evaporates the refrigerant that has passed through the first expansion device;
a second expansion device that lowers a temperature and a pressure of a remaining portion of the refrigerant condensed in the condenser;
a gas-liquid separator that separates a liquid-phase refrigerant from a gas-phase refrigerant in the refrigerant that has passed through the second expansion device;
a third expansion device that lowers a temperature and a pressure of the liquid-phase refrigerant separated in the gas-liquid separator;
a second evaporator that evaporates the refrigerant that has passed through the third expansion device; and
a second compressor that compresses the refrigerant that has passed through the second evaporator and that transfers the refrigerant to the first compressor,
wherein the refrigerant that has passed through the first evaporator and the gas-phase refrigerant separated in the gas-liquid separator are introduced into the first compressor and are prevented from flowing into the second compressor,
wherein each of the first expansion device, the second expansion device and the third expansion device includes at least one of a capillary tube or an expansion valve, and
wherein the refrigerant that has passed through the second evaporator is provided to pass through the second compressor, and then is introduced into the first compressor.

US Pat. No. 10,215,468

BLOCK ICE SHAVER

Snowie LLC, Salt Lake Ci...

1. An ice shaving machine, comprising:a cabinet;
a mechanical drive mechanism having a control mechanism for activating and deactivating said mechanical drive mechanism;
a blade assembly mechanically connected to said mechanical drive mechanism, wherein said blade assembly comprises:
a blade configured to rotate relative to a block of ice when said mechanical drive mechanism is activated, wherein said blade comprises a plurality of openings and a plurality of cutting surfaces adjacent to said openings for allowing ice shavings to pass therethrough, wherein said cutting surfaces protrude out from a surface of said blade, and
a blade holder comprising a plurality of arms that each comprise a pass through portion and a blade attachment portion, the blade holder further configured to detachably retain said blade and couple said blade to said mechanical drive mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,215,467

LAYERING OF LOW THERMAL CONDUCTIVE MATERIAL ON METAL TRAY

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. An ice tray comprising:a twistable ice forming plate that is thermally conductive and comprises a top surface, an underside and a plurality of ice forming ice wells therein wherein the plurality of ice wells have a bottom surface and at least one wall extending upwardly from the bottom surface and wherein each wall has an interior ice well facing surface; and
an insulating layer applied over a portion of the twistable ice forming plate and extending along a portion of the at least one wall of the plurality of ice wells and terminating along a surface of the at least one wall such that the bottom surface of the plurality of ice wells are free of insulating layer thereby forming a partially conductive and partially insulated ice tray.

US Pat. No. 10,215,466

STEP FLOW CHILLER CONTROL DEVICE AND METHODS THEREFOR

1. A control device for controlling an absorption chiller comprising:one or more inputs that receive a plurality of load values from a component of the absorption chiller;
one or more processors that:
receive the plurality of load values from the one or more inputs;
generate an average load value from a subset of the plurality of load values; and
compare the average load value to one of the plurality of load values, the one of the plurality of load values not in the subset; and
one or more outputs that transmit one or more control signals to a variable frequency drive of the absorption chiller;
wherein the one or more control signals increase or decrease speed at the variable frequency drive based on the difference between the average load value and the one of the plurality of load values.

US Pat. No. 10,215,465

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR LOW LOAD COMPRESSOR OPERATIONS

Heatcraft Refrigeration P...

1. A low load operating system for a refrigeration system having a compressor, a condenser, an expansion valve, and an evaporator, comprising:a hot gas bypass line, wherein the hot gas bypass line extends from a discharge side of the compressor to a suction side of the compressor;
a desuperheat line, wherein the desuperheat line bypasses the evaporator via extension from upstream of the expansion valve to the suction side of the compressor;
a controller, wherein the controller is operationally configured to determine existence of a low load condition and as a result of the low load condition opens a valve in the hot gas bypass line and in the desuperheat line to induce the flow of a refrigerant therethrough, whereby frequent compressor stops and starts are avoided and proper superheat conditions are maintained on the compressor; and
an oil return line communicatively coupled to the system via the controller and functionally disposed downstream the hot gas bypass line and downstream of an oil separator and upstream of the condenser and further coupled upstream the evaporator and downstream a receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,215,464

HEAT PUMP SYSTEM HAVING A MAXIMUM PERCENT DEMAND RE-CALCULATION ALGORITHM CONTROLLER

Lennox Industries Inc., ...

1. A method of operating a heat pump (HP) system, the method comprising:operating, by a controller, the HP system based on a first maximum heating % demand;
determining, by the controller, whether an operating parameter signal indicates that a current heating % demand exceeds the first maximum heating % demand;
responsive to a determination that the operating parameter signal indicates that the current heating % demand exceeds the first maximum heating % demand, setting the first maximum heating % demand to a second maximum heating % demand and operating the HP system based on the second maximum heating % demand;
wherein the controller sets the first maximum heating % demand as follows:
first maximum heating % demand/% indoor airflow rate=A+{B×((ODT_ref+C)/(ODT+D))?N}, wherein:
first maximum heating % demand is an initial maximum limit heating % demand of the HP system, ODT ref is a reference outdoor temperature in degrees Fahrenheit adjusted for a given HP system, ODT is the outdoor temperature in degrees Fahrenheit, % indoor airflow rate=indoor airflow rate/indoor airflow rate @100% heating demand, where indoor airflow rate is airflow output of an indoor system, and where A, B, C, D, and N are real numbers; and
wherein the controller sets the second maximum heating % demand as follows:
second maximum heating % demand/% indoor airflow rate=A+{B×((ODT_ref+C)/(ODT+D))?N}, wherein:
second maximum heating % demand is the maximum heating % demand after recalculation of the first maximum heating % demand of the HP system, ODT_ref is a reference outdoor temperature in degrees Fahrenheit adjusted for a given HP system, ODT is the outdoor temperature in degrees Fahrenheit, % indoor airflow rate=indoor airflow rate/indoor airflow rate @100% heating demand, where indoor airflow rate is airflow output of the indoor system, and where A, B, C, D, and N are real numbers.

US Pat. No. 10,215,463

MONITORING SYSTEM WITH CONTROL OF REFRIGERATION CONTAINER AND REFRIGERATION CONTAINER CONNECTION SOCKET BOX

KUKDONG ELECOM CO., LTD.,...

1. A system for controlling and monitoring a plurality of refrigerated containers, comprising:one or more connection plugs, each of which is connected to a plug-in port of a control panel of each of the plurality of refrigerated containers, and configured to receive information regarding a state of each of the plurality of refrigerated containers from the plug-in port and transmit a control signal of each of the plurality of the refrigerated containers to the plug-in port;
one or more connection socket boxes, each of which is connected to the one or more connection plugs through a connection cable, and configured to receive the information regarding the state of each of the plurality of refrigerated containers and transmit the control signal of the refrigerated container to each of the one or more connection plugs; and
a management server connected to the one or more connection socket boxes through a communication cable, the management server being configured to receive the information regarding the state of each of the plurality of refrigerated containers and monitor the received state information, and generate the control signal of each of the plurality of refrigerated containers for transmission to the one or more connection socket boxes,
wherein the connection plug comprises: an information transmission module connected to the plug-in port and configured to receive the information regarding the state of each of the plurality of refrigerated containers and transmit the control signal of each of the plurality of the refrigerated containers to the plug-in port; and a power transmission module connected to the plug-in port and configured to receive a current driving power of each of the plurality of the refrigerated containers,
wherein the connection cable comprises a communication line and a power line which are in parallel connected to the information transmission module and the power transmission module independently, and
wherein the connection socket box further comprises the wattmeter connected to the power line of the connection cable and configured to measure the amount of power consumed of the plurality of the refrigerated containers.

US Pat. No. 10,215,462

DEVICE FOR SEPARATING OIL FROM A REFRIGERANT FLUID

SNAP-ON CLIMATE SOLUTIONS...

1. A device for separation of oil particles by a coolant for air conditioning systems, said device comprising:a hollow container body defined by a top wall and a bottom wall;
an inlet arranged to let enter said hollow container body a coolant with oil particles, said coolant being mainly in liquid phase and having a temperature T1;
an outlet located at said top wall and arranged to cause regenerated coolant in vapor phase to exit from said hollow container body;
a heating unit, in said hollow container body, arranged to heat said coolant at a temperature T2>>T1, in such a way that said coolant evaporates when it comes in contact with said heating unit and said oil particles can fall towards said bottom wall;
a first oil barrier located between said heating unit and said outlet and arranged to prevent said oil particles to splash towards said outlet, said first oil barrier arranged at a distance L from said top wall;said device characterized in that it also comprises a second oil barrier located in said hollow container body at said outlet, said second oil barrier comprising holes having a diameter of a predetermined value D, configured to prevent that oil particles having diameter larger than said predetermined value D pass through said outlet.

US Pat. No. 10,215,461

ACCUMULATOR

FUJIKOKI CORPORATION, Se...

1. An accumulator comprising:a tank having an inflow port and an outflow port therein, the tank being configured to store a liquid inside including liquid-phase refrigerant and oil accumulated in the tank; and
a double-pipe structured outflow pipe arranged in the tank, the double-pipe structured outflow pipe including an inner pipe joined to the outflow port and an outer pipe disposed radially outside of the inner pipe, the outer pipe having a length extended in axial direction inside the tank so that the outer pipe is at least partially submerge in the liquid stored in the tank, wherein
a cloth-like member or a foam material is externally attached around the outer pipe along an entirety of the length of the outer pipe, the cloth-like member or the form material having an inner surface facing the outer pipe and an outer surface, opposite to the inner surface, being exposed to and in contact with the liquid-phase refrigerant stored in the tank, wherein the cloth-like member or the foam material functions to slow down vaporization of the liquid-phase refrigerant stored in the tank and prevent the liquid-phase refrigerant in the tank from explosively evaporating.

US Pat. No. 10,215,460

VARIABLE EXPANSION DEVICE WITH THERMAL CHOKING FOR A REFRIGERATION SYSTEM

WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION, B...

1. A system for regulating a cooling capacity of a refrigeration system, comprising:a suction line heat exchanger comprising:
a first conduit and a second conduit disposed next to each other and in thermal contact with each other along at least a portion of their lengths; and
a refrigerant fluid flowing through the first and second conduits; and
at least one heating device thermally coupled to each of the first and second conduits and located at one or more points along the suction line heat exchanger where the first and second conduits are abutting each other and in thermal contact, wherein the at least one heating device is configured to apply heat to each of the first and second conduits, and wherein the heat applied to at least one of the first and second conduits is sufficient to vaporize a portion of the refrigerant fluid to regulate a flow rate of the refrigerant fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,215,459

VEHICLE CONDENSER

HANON SYSTEMS, Daejeon (...

1. A vehicle condenser comprising:a pair of header tanks (10, 20) installed so as to be spaced transversely apart from each other;
a plurality of tubes (30) stacked so as to be spaced longitudinally apart from each other while both ends of each of the tubes are inserted into the header tanks (10, 20);
a plurality of radiation fins (40) installed between the tubes (30); and
a pair of supports (50, 60) installed such that one surface of each of the supports comes into contact with an associated outermost one of the radiation fins (40) while both ends of each of the supports are inserted into the header tanks (10, 20), wherein each of the supports (50, 60) comprises:
a body part (100) extending transversely;
an embossing part (200) protruding from another surface of the body part (100) which does not come into contact with the radiation fins (40); and
coupling parts (300) extending outward from both tips (120) of the body part (100), each of the coupling parts (300) including a fork portion (320) and a notch portion (310), wherein the notch portion (310) is formed by inwardly cutting out of the body part (100) from a tip (321) of the fork portion of each of the coupling parts (300) to locate the notch portion (310) on a central axis line (110) of the body part (100), wherein the notch portion (310) is tapered wherein a width (W) thereof is gradually reduced at a constant rate toward an inside end (311) along an entire length of the notch portion (310) from the tip (321) of the fork portion (320) to the inside end (311) of the notch portion (310), wherein the fork portion (320) is inserted into a support insertion hole (13, 23) formed in a corresponding one of the header tanks (10, 20), and wherein the inside end (311) of the notch portion (310) is disposed externally to and at a distance from the corresponding one of the header tanks (10, 20) when the fork portion (320) is inserted into the support insertion hole (13, 23) of the corresponding one of the header tanks (10, 20).

US Pat. No. 10,215,458

EVAPORATOR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM AND METHOD

CARRIER CORPORATION, Far...

1. A falling film evaporator for a heating ventilation and cooling (HVAC) system comprising:a housing:
a plurality of evaporator tubes disposed at least partially in the housing through which a volume of thermal energy transfer medium is flowed; and
a distribution system disposed in the housing to distribute a flow of liquid refrigerant over the plurality of evaporator tubes, the distribution system including:
a distribution vessel having a plurality of drip openings to flow the liquid refrigerant onto the plurality of evaporator tubes;
a feed pipe to flow refrigerant into the distribution vessel;
a separator disposed upstream of the distribution system to separate vapor refrigerant from liquid refrigerant, thereby outputting a flow of liquid refrigerant to the distribution vessel via the feed pipe, the feed pipe connecting the separator to the distribution vessel;
a suction port in the separator configured to output a flow of vapor refrigerant from the separator; and
one or more pressure regulators in the distribution system, thereby regulating the flow of refrigerant, the one or more pressure regulators including:
a flow regulator at the suction port to regulate the flow of vapor refrigerant through the suction port; and
a sensor operably disposed at the distribution vessel and operably connected to the pressure regulator to detect a liquid refrigerant level in the distribution vessel;
wherein the liquid refrigerant level exceeding a threshold results in stoppage of flow of vapor refrigerant through the suction port.

US Pat. No. 10,215,457

HEAT EXCHANGER FOR COOLING A HEATING TUBE AND METHOD THEREOF

Applied Materials, Inc., ...

1. A method of cooling a heating tube of an evaporator, comprising:heating the evaporator and vaporizing material located inside the heating tube;
coating a substrate with the vaporized material; and
after coating the substrate, turning off the heating and cooling down the heating tube by an injection of an aerosol into at least two cooling pipes, the at least two cooling pipes in thermal contact with the heating tube.

US Pat. No. 10,215,455

HEAT TRANSMISSION METHOD AND HIGH-TEMPERATURE HEAT PUMP DEVICE

CENTRAL GLASS COMPANY, LI...

1. A heat transmission method using a high-temperature heat pump system accommodating a heat transmission composition, the heat transmission method including the step of gasifying the heat transmission composition, the step of compressing the heat transmission composition, the step of condensing the heat transmission composition, and the step of decreasing the pressure of the heat transmission composition, the steps are performed sequentially;wherein the heat transmission composition contains cis-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene at a mass ratio of 95.0% by mass or more and 99.9% by mass or less, and contains trans-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene or 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene at a mass ratio of 0.1% by mass or more and 5.0% by mass or less; and the heat transmission composition has a condensation temperature of 70° C. or higher, and
a temperature of the heat transmission composition at the end of the step of compressing the heat transmission composition is lower than a critical temperature of cis-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene, or a pressure of the heat transmission composition at the end of the step of compressing the heat transmission composition is lower than a critical pressure of cis-1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene.

US Pat. No. 10,215,453

MOTORCYCLE AIR CONDITIONING AND COOLING DEVICE

Bruce Hammond, Aurora, C...

1. A motorcycle air conditioning device configured to provide cooled air to a rider, comprising:the motorcycle air conditioning device configured to couple to a motorcycle, the motorcycle air conditioning device including
a heat dissipation assembly including
a hot water pump,
hot water piping coupled to the hot water pump,
a hot water block coupled to the hot water piping,
a heat sink disposed adjacent to the hot water block, and
a radiator coupled to the hot water piping;
a cooling assembly including
a turbo fan assembly,
a water coil disposed in a turbo fan housing for a turbo fan in the turbo fan assembly, wherein the water coil comprises copper tubing wrapped in a helix configuration throughout a length of a turbo fan housing,
cool water piping coupled with the water coil,
a cool water pump coupled to the cool water piping,
a cool water block coupled to the cool water piping, wherein the cool water block is a copper-based cool water block, and
a thermoelectric device coupled to the cool water block, where the thermoelectric device is configured to transfer heat from the cool water block to the hot water block;
a housing assembly comprising the turbo fan housing and configured to provide an enclosure to the heat dissipation assembly and the cooling assembly, where the housing assembly is configured to be coupled to a motorcycle and provide cooled air to a rider, wherein the turbo fan housing comprises directional blades disposed on the end of the turbo fan housing proximate to a cooled air exhaust, wherein the directional blades are configured to be adjusted to alter an air flow direction; and
a controller configured to adjust a temperature of the cooled air and an airflow through the turbo fan assembly, based at least in part on a desired cooling temperature setting.

US Pat. No. 10,215,452

AIR CONDITIONER

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. An air conditioning system comprising:a refrigerant circulating path network connecting, with refrigerant lines, a compressor; a heat-source side heat exchanger for evaporating and gasifying or condensing and liquefying a heat-source side refrigerant; expansion valves for controlling a flow rate of the refrigerant; refrigerant pipes in intermediate heat exchangers for exchanging heat between the heat-source side refrigerant and a use-side heat medium; and a four-way valve, a plurality of two-way valves or a plurality of three-way valves for switching a circulation path of the refrigerant, for circulating the heat-source side refrigerant; and
a heat medium circulating path network connecting, with heat-medium lines, pumps for pressurizing and sending the heat medium; use-side heat exchangers for exchanging heat between the heat medium with air in interior spaces to be air conditioned; and heat-medium pipes in the intermediate heat exchangers, for circulating the heat medium,
wherein
temperatures in the interior spaces to be air conditioned are controlled by exchanging heat, through the use-side heat exchangers, between the air in the interior spaces to be air-conditioned and the heat medium heated or cooled by the heat-source side refrigerant in the intermediate heat exchangers,
the air conditioning system further comprising:
integrated heat-medium flow-path switching devices connectedly interposed between the intermediate heat exchangers and the use-side heat exchangers, each integrated heat-medium flow-path switching device including thereinside:
a heat-medium flow-path switching valve having holes formed in its sidewall and having a longitudinal inner partition, a first end and a second end opposite the first end, the longitudinal inner partition extending from the first end to the second end,
wherein the heat-medium flow-path switching valve is revolved to select either of the heated heat medium or the cooled heat medium for it to flow between the intermediate heat exchangers and the use-side heat exchangers, whereby air conditioning is performed.

US Pat. No. 10,215,451

COMPRESSOR AND REFRIGERATION CYCLE DEVICE USING SAME

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A compressor which uses a refrigerant containing 1,1,2-trifluoroethylene as a working fluid, and uses a polyol ester oil as a compressor lubricating oil, comprisinga fixed scroll and a revolving scroll each having a spiral lap rising from an end plate;
a compression chamber which is formed by meshing the fixed scroll and the revolving scroll;
a discharge hole which is provided at a center position of the end plate of the fixed scroll, and is open to a discharge chamber;
a bypass hole which is provided in the end plate of the fixed scroll, and communicates with the compression chamber and the discharge chamber at a timing different from a timing at which the compression chamber communicates with the discharge hole; and
a check valve which is provided in the bypass hole, and allows a flow from a compression chamber side to a discharge chamber side,
wherein the working fluid is selected from the group consisting of
a mixed working fluid comprising 1,1,2-trifluoroethylene and difluoromethane, the difluoromethane being at least 30% by weight to at most 60% by weight in the mixed working fluid,
a mixed working fluid comprising 1,1,2-trifluoroethylene and tetrafluoroethane, the tetrafluoroethane being at least 30% by weight to at most 60% by weight in the mixed working fluid, and
a mixed working fluid comprising 1,1,2-trifluoroethylene, difluoromethane, and tetrafluoroethane, a combination of the difluoromethane and the tetrafluoroethane being at least 30% by weight to at most 60% by weight in the mixed working fluid,
wherein the polyol ester oil is a mixed lubricating oil which is a mixture of an oil additive and a base oil, a viscosity of the oil additive is adjusted to be equivalent to a viscosity of the base oil, and the oil additive is a mixture of:
a terpene type or a terpenoid type additive and a lubricating oil, an amount of the terpene type or the terpenoid type additive is equal to or greater than 1% and less than 50% of the mixed lubricating oil, and the lubricating oil has a higher viscosity than the viscosity of the base oil, or
the terpene type or the terpenoid type additive and the lubricating oil, the amount of the terpene type or the terpenoid type additive is equal to or greater than 1% and less than 50% of the mixed lubricating oil, the lubricating oil has a super-high viscosity, and an amount of the lubricating oil is equal to or greater than the amount of the terpene type or the terpenoid type additive.

US Pat. No. 10,215,450

HEATING, VENTILATION AND/OR AIR-CONDITIONING EQUIPMENT COMPRISING A DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING THE TEMPERATURE OF A BATTERY, AND METHOD FOR IMPLEMENTING SAME

VALEO SYSTEMES THERMIQUES...

1. Heating, ventilation and/or air-conditioning equipment comprising a temperature control device for controlling a temperature of a battery of a motor vehicle, the heating, ventilation and/or air-conditioning equipment comprising at least a compressor, a condenser, a first expansion member, a thermal conditioning exchanger for exchanging heat between a refrigerating fluid and a heat-transfer fluid, and switching means, with the temperature control device comprising at least one bypass branch connecting an outlet of the compressor to an inlet of the thermal conditioning exchanger while bypassing the condenser and the first expansion member, wherein the switching means comprises at least a first control valve arranged at the outlet of the compressor and a second control valve, and the first and second control valves are arranged upstream of the first expansion member in a direction of circulation of the refrigerating fluid, and wherein the first control valve and the second control valve are disposed successively in the bypass branch, and wherein the first control valve and the second control valve are multi-way valves,and wherein the thermal conditioning exchanger has a single flow path for refrigerant fluid within the thermal conditioning exchanger and is configured to be used in a cooling mode of the battery using a cooling branch which connects an outlet of the condenser and the first expansion member upstream of the thermal conditioning exchanger and in a heating mode of the battery using the bypass branch without requiring an additional heating device.

US Pat. No. 10,215,449

CATALYTIC HEATING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HEATING A BEVERAGE OR FOOD

1. A catalytic heating system for heating a beverage or food, comprising:a container for containing the beverage or food;
a catalytic combustion assembly for heating the container, comprising:
a chamber plate having a top side and a bottom side, with the top side of the chamber plate integral with the bottom of the container;
an elongate sidewall enclosure integral with and contained within the chamber plate, with the elongate sidewall enclosure forming an enclosed catalytic combustion chamber; with the elongate sidewall enclosure having a fuel gas inlet and an exhaust outlet within corresponding ends of the elongate sidewall enclosure; with the fuel gas inlet and exhaust outlet extending through the bottom side of the chamber plate; and with the elongate sidewall enclosure thereby providing flow-through paths for a fuel gas to enter the enclosed catalytic combustion chamber through the fuel gas inlet and for an exhaust to exit the enclosed catalytic combustion chamber through the exhaust outlet;
a catalytic reaction media disposed within the enclosed catalytic combustion chamber;
a combustion starting element disposed within the enclosed catalytic combustion chamber;
a fuel supply assembly mounted on a fuel supply platform, with the fuel supply assembly having a fuel and air mixing injector fluidly connected to the fuel gas inlet;
a fuel canister sealably connected to the fuel supply platform and fluidly connected to the fuel supply assembly, with the fuel canister for containing the fuel gas; and
a shell containing the container and catalytic combustion assembly, thereby forming the catalytic heating system for heating the beverage or food;
whereby the fuel and air mixing injector within the catalytic combustion assembly can entrain the fuel gas with air and inject a fuel gas and entrained air mixture into the enclosed catalytic combustion chamber where the combustion starting element can ignite the fuel gas and entrained air mixture, and the catalytic reaction media can maintain a catalytic combustion process within the enclosed catalytic combustion chamber, and with the heat energy generated within the catalytic reaction media transferred by thermal conduction to the chamber plate integral with the bottom of the container for containing the beverage or food.

US Pat. No. 10,215,448

HEAT RECEIVER TUBE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE HEAT RECEIVER TUBE, SOLAR COLLECTOR WITH THE HEAT RECEIVER TUBE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING ELECTRICITY BY USING THE SOLAR COLLECTOR

Siemens Concentrated Sola...

1. A heat receiver tube for absorbing solar energy and for transferring absorbed solar energy to a heat transfer fluid which can be located inside of at least one core tube of the heat receiver tube, wherein the at least one core tube comprises a core tube surface with at least one solar energy absorptive coating for absorbing solar radiation;the at least one core tube is enveloped by at least one enveloping tube;
the enveloping tube comprises at least one enveloping tube wall which is at least partly transparent for the solar radiation;
the enveloping tube wall comprises at least one inner enveloping tube surface;
the at least one core tube and the enveloping tube are coaxially arranged to each other such that an inner heat receiver tube space is formed which is bordered by the core tube surface and the at least one inner enveloping tube surface; and
the heat receiver tube comprises at least one pressure adapting device for adapting a space pressure of the inner heat receiver tube space compensating to an environmental pressure of an environment of the heat receiver tube.

US Pat. No. 10,215,447

SPECTRALLY SELECTIVE SEMICONDUCTOR DIELECTRIC PHOTONIC SOLAR THERMAL ABSORBER

CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF T...

10. The absorber of claim 9, wherein the in-band electromagnetic radiation comprises wavelengths of the solar spectrum and the out-of-band electromagnetic radiation includes infrared wavelengths.

US Pat. No. 10,215,446

INDUCED FLOW SOLAR THERMAL COLLECTOR AND METHOD

1. A method for heating a fluid, comprising:allowing sunlight to pass through into an interior of a housing for a collector to a heat transfer core disposed within the interior of the housing, thereby to heat the heat transfer core;
transporting heat from the heat transfer core to an exterior of the housing by a heat transfer fluid entering the housing through an inlet and exiting through an outlet;
positioning a heat absorbing component adjacent to the heat transfer core, and at least partially absorbing heat losses from the heat transfer core by said heat absorbing component;
wherein said heat absorbing component defines a plurality of distinct and separate paths through a porous medium for the flow of the heat transfer fluid as it traverses the collector between the inlet and the outlet across the length of the heat absorbing component; and
preheating the heat transfer fluid using heat captured by the heat absorbing component.

US Pat. No. 10,215,445

THERMOSIPHON SYSTEM FOR HOT WATER HEATER

1. The combination of a water heater and an internal thermosiphon, comprising:a tank with sidewalls defining an internal space of height H between a bottom portion and a top portion, the tank adapted to be filled with water;
a cold water inlet in the top portion; a hot water outlet in the top portion;
a thermosiphon comprising a multi-tubular structure disposed along a longitudinal axis internal to said tank, said thermosiphon having (a) a cold water tube extending between an upstream end and a downstream end of the cold water tube, the upstream end fluidly connected to said cold water inlet in said top portion, and the downstream end open and adapted for discharge of water therefrom within said tank, and (b) a hot water tube, said hot water tube spaced outwardly from and situated longitudinally along at least a portion of said cold water tube, said hot water tube extending between a hot water inlet end having a hot water inlet, and a hot water output end which is open and adapted for discharge of water therefrom, said hot water tube further comprising an inlet cap substantially sealed to an outer surface of said cold water tube at a location adjacent to the cold water inlet, wherein said multi-tubular structure comprises a pair of concentric tubes nested about said longitudinal axis, wherein said cold water tube provides a centrally located cold water passageway, and wherein said hot water tube is spaced outwardly from said cold water tube and provides an annular hot water passageway between said cold water tube and said hot water tube.

US Pat. No. 10,215,444

HEAT EXCHANGER HAVING STACKED COIL SECTIONS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A vapor compression system, comprising:a first circuit comprising a first compressor configured to circulate a refrigerant through a first condenser of the first circuit;
a second circuit comprising a second compressor configured to circulate the refrigerant through a second condenser of the second circuit;
an evaporator common to the first circuit and the second circuit, wherein the evaporator is configured to place the refrigerant in a heat exchange relationship with a process fluid; and
at least one air moving device configured to force air across the first condenser and the second condenser; and
wherein the first condenser comprises a plurality of first coils and the second condenser comprises a plurality of second coils, each first coil of the plurality of first coils of the first condenser is positioned next to and substantially parallel to a corresponding second coil of the plurality of second coils of the second condenser, and each first coil of the plurality of first coils of the first condenser is thermally separate from the corresponding second coil of the plurality of second coils of the second condenser.

US Pat. No. 10,215,443

AIR CONCENTRATOR/DIFFUSER PET ACCESSORY

1. A concentrator and/or diffuser, comprising:a platform having a bottom surface and a top surface;
a front wall connected to the platform at an intersection region of the front wall and the platform;
wherein the platform defines one or more through passages from the bottom surface to the top surface for permitting air discharged from a floor ventilation system opening to pass from the bottom surface to the top surface;
wherein the platform includes strengthening joists on the bottom surface;
wherein ribs couple with the bottom surface and are located to direct air flowing from the floor ventilation system opening toward the bottom surface to openings defined by the front wall; and
wherein feet are attached to the ribs.

US Pat. No. 10,215,442

VENTILATION SYSTEM AND METHOD INCLUDING A DIVERTER DUCT FOR FLUIDLY DECOUPLING FANS

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A diverter duct for a ventilation system, wherein the ventilation system is operable in a first operating condition, the diverter duct comprising:a main body defining an inner surface, a first portion including an inlet, a second portion located downstream of the first portion, a third portion including an outlet, and an opening located between the first portion and the third portion;
a first contoured section formed in the first portion, the inner surface at the first contoured section having a center of a cross sectional area of a first, constant radius measured from a selected point offset from an outermost surface of the diverter duct curving to the opening such that an upper surface and a lower surface of the first contoured section form a section of a toroid;
the second portion having a contoured section with a second radius measured between the center of the first portion and a selected point offset from an outermost surface of the diverter duct aligned with an axis of symmetry of the diverter duct extending through and opposite the opening, forming a section of a toroid, and configured to direct air received from the inlet towards the opening at the first operating condition; and
an air deflector fixedly attached to and projecting around a portion of a cross section of a perimeter of the inner surface of the main body at a location downstream of the first portion, and having an edge extending from the inner surface coinciding with a continuation line of the upper surface of the first contoured section, the air deflector positioned at an angle with respect to the axis of symmetry of the diverter duct to deflect a portion of the air received from the inlet of the main body towards the opening at the first operating condition such that the air received through the inlet is substantially unable to exit the diverter duct through the outlet at the first operating condition.

US Pat. No. 10,215,441

INTEGRATED LIGHT AND HEAT ARRANGEMENT OF LOW PROFILE LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE FIXTURE

1. A system comprising:at least one solid-state luminaire, the luminaire integrating lighting and heating functions, the luminaire having a light source, the light source having a light-emitting side and a back side, the back side emitting heat when said luminaire is emitting light, the back side of the light source being directly mounted onto, and directing heat into a heat-conductive substrate configured to operate as a passive heat exchanger; and
the heat-conductive substrate is configured to introduce the heat into a body, the body existing in a proximate ambient environment, the body comprising one of air or a luminaire component, and thermally condition the body using the heat; wherein an insulating layer is mounted on a back surface of the heat-conductive substrate such that the heat-conductive substrate directs the heat in substantially a same direction as the light generated by the light source.

US Pat. No. 10,215,440

PUMPED TWO PHASE AIR TO AIR HEAT EXCHANGER

ADVANCED COOLING TECHNOLO...

1. An air to air heat exchanger comprising:an upper header;
a lower header;
multiple heat pipes extending between the upper header and the lower header, the heat pipes having first heat transfer sections proximate the upper header and second heat transfer sections proximate the lower header, the first heat transfer sections provided in a first gas stream, the second heat transfer sections provided in a second gas stream;
a working fluid;
a pump in fluid communication with the upper header and the lower header;
the second heat transfer sections are evaporator sections when the air to air heat exchanger is operating in a first mode, in which the second air stream is warmer than the first air stream, wherein the condensed working fluid flows between the second heat transfer sections and the first heat transfer sections under the influence of gravity;
the first heat transfer sections are evaporator sections when the air to air heat exchanger is operating in a second mode, in which the first air stream is warmer than the second air stream, wherein the condensed working fluid is pumped by the pump from the lower header to the upper header.

US Pat. No. 10,215,439

ROTATABLE AIR FLOW GUIDES FOR COOLING INFORMATION HANDLING SYSTEM COMPONENTS

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. An information handling system, comprising:first processing resources in a first thermal region of the information handling system;
second processing resources in a second thermal region of the information handling system; and
a non-transitory computer readable medium, including processor-executable program instructions that, when executed by a processor, cause the processor to perform operations comprising:
determining a loading profile of an information handling system, wherein the loading profile indicates power consumption information for each of a plurality of thermal regions of the information handling system;
configuring one or more thermal fans in accordance with a fan configuration associated with the loading profile, wherein the fan configuration:
defines a fan speed and airflow direction for one or more thermal fans; and
determines, in accordance with the fan speed and airflow direction of the one or more thermal fans, a rotational state of each of one or more rotatable airflow guides, wherein the rotational state influences thermal fan airflow provided to one or more of the thermal regions;
wherein each of the one or more rotatable airflow guides includes a first rotatable airflow guide positioned between a first thermal fan aligned with the first thermal region and a second thermal fan, aligned with the second thermal region and wherein a first fan configuration produces a pressure differential across the first rotatable airflow guide that forces the first rotatable airflow guide to an open rotational angle, increasing airflow to the first thermal region;
wherein the first fan configuration is associated with a first loading profile indicating power consumption in the first thermal region exceeding power consumption in the second thermal region; and
wherein the first fan configuration includes:
the first thermal fan configured to operate in a negative direction, pulling air from the first thermal region towards the first thermal fan; and
the second thermal fan configured to operate in a positive direction, pushing air from the second thermal fan towards the second thermal region.

US Pat. No. 10,215,438

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF DETERMINING A LIMIT FAULT IN AN HVAC UNIT

CARRIER CORPORATION, Far...

1. An HVAC system comprising:an HVAC unit configured to interrupt power when a temperature sensed by a temperature sensitive limit switch exceeds a predetermined temperature and to restore power based on a temperature sensed by the temperature sensitive limit switch; and
a system controller in electrical communication with the HVAC unit, the system controller is configured to determine a temperature limit switch fault based upon an interruption duration of time and a cycle duration of time, wherein the cycle duration of time is indicative of an amount of time between consecutive interruptions of power;
wherein the system controller is further configured to generate an alert signal if it is determined that the interruption duration of time of consecutive interruptions of power does not exceed an interruption limit and the cycle duration of time is less than or equal to a first cycle limit;
wherein the system controller is further configured to generate the alert signal if it is determined that the interruption duration of time exceeds the interruption limit and the cycle duration of time is less than or equal to a second cycle limit;
wherein the first cycle limit is less than the second cycle limit.

US Pat. No. 10,215,437

BATTERY-OPERATED WIRELESS ZONE CONTROLLERS HAVING MULTIPLE STATES OF POWER-RELATED OPERATION

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A zone controller, comprising:a sensor for sensing pressure within a duct; and
a controller configured to:
operate the zone controller in a first state and a second state; and
alternate the zone controller between the first state and the second state over a period of time, the second state being configured such that the zone controller is configured to:
monitor the pressure within the duct via measurements from the sensor; and
communicate a pressure measurement for the pressure within the duct, as measured by the sensor, from the zone controller to a central controller located remote from the zone controller.

US Pat. No. 10,215,436

FULL SPECTRUM UNIVERSAL CONTROLLER

1. A method for proportional control of a thermostatically controlled residential air conditioning system, comprising:providing a master control unit comprising a central microprocessor operatively coupled with a fixed task control portion and a modular control portion,
said fixed task portion including a temperature measurement circuit operatively coupled with an indoor temperature sensor;
said modular control portion being operatively coupled with a first variable speed drive control module for control of a compressor of said residential air conditioning system,
wherein said master control unit is configured for proportional-type loop control of a system capacity by manipulating a speed of said compressor with said first variable speed drive control module, said system capacity providing a process variable and said speed of said compressor providing a manipulated variable of said proportional-type loop control;
a set of computer-readable instructions stored in non-volatile memory for access by said central microprocessor, said computer-readable instructions including:
obtaining a desired time vs. indoor temperature set point schedule;
using said proportional-type loop control of said system capacity to dynamically reduce an OFF period of a duty cycle of said compressor, said OFF period being targeted at zero; and
controlling said indoor temperature sensor in a closed loop to a controlled time vs. indoor temperature schedule.

US Pat. No. 10,215,435

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CROWD-SOURCED ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEM CONTROL AND MAINTENANCE

CROWDCOMFORT, INC., Bost...

1. A non-transitory computer-implemented system for providing automated management and control of an environmental system associated with one or more spaces of a building, the system comprising:one or more mobile devices for user input and interaction related to user comfort within the one or more spaces of the building, each of the mobile devices is associated with an individual user occupying a given space of the building: and
a crowd-sourcing transaction platform comprising one or more servers configured to communicate and exchange data with the one or more mobile devices over a network, the one or more servers comprising a hardware processor coupled to non-transitory, computer-readable memory containing instructions executable by the processor to cause the one or more servers to:
receive user comfort data from one or more of the mobile devices, the user comfort data received from each of the one or more mobile devices comprises a comfort report including an individual user's rating of their perceived comfort within a given space of the building, the rating comprises an indication of a desired increase in air temperature, a decrease in air temperature, or no change to the air temperature within the given space;
aggregate and assign a weight value to each comfort report received and corresponding to a single given space of the building; and
generate a net weighting value dictating adjustment of air temperature, if any, within a zone of the building associated with the single given space, wherein generation of the net weighting value is based, at least in part, on application of a pro rata weighting rule to all of the weighted comfort reports for the single given space of the building.

US Pat. No. 10,215,434

ADAPTIVE TRIGGER SEQUENCING FOR SITE CONTROL AUTOMATION

THINK AUTOMATIC, LLC, Re...

1. A machine-teaching environmental control method comprising:a first hub obtaining first, second, and third output configurations that all correspond to a first trigger and that are respectively associated with first, second, and third scalar scores;
presenting said first output configuration in response to a first sequential instance of said first trigger and to said scalar scores indicating that said first output configuration is ranked before said second output configuration;
presenting said second output configuration in response to a second sequential instance of said first trigger and to said scalar scores indicating that said second output configuration is ranked before said third output configuration;
presenting said third output configuration in response to a third sequential instance of said first trigger after said first and second output configuration are presented; and
presenting a modified sequence of said first, second, and third output configurations in response to a first change in said second scalar score resulting from a magnitude of a time interval between said second and third sequential instances of said first trigger either by increasing said second scalar score as a conditional response to a determination that said first magnitude of said time interval between said second and third sequential instances of said first trigger is smaller than a minimum threshold or by decreasing said second scalar score as a conditional response to a determination that said first magnitude of said time interval between said second and third sequential instances of said first trigger is larger than a maximum threshold, said maximum threshold being greater than said minimum threshold, wherein said presentation sequence is manifested in a plurality of physical control devices, wherein said plurality of physical control devices include first and second physical control devices at a first facility and operably coupled with said first hub, and wherein said presenting said modified sequence of said first, second, and third output configurations in response to said first change in said second scalar score resulting from said magnitude of said time interval between said second and third sequential instances of said first trigger comprises:
adjusting second scalar score partly based on said magnitude of said time interval between successive timestamps respectively signifying said second and third sequential instances of said first trigger and partly based on one of said timestamps falling within a particular time-of-day, said particular time-of-day being morning in combination with the remaining elements and features of the claimed invention.

US Pat. No. 10,215,433

HUMIDIFICATION AND AIR CLEANING APPARATUS

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A humidification and air cleaning apparatus comprising:an air clean module to receive external air to filter the entered external air;
an air wash module disposed on the air clean module to humidify the filtered air;
a dust sensor disposed on at least one of the air clean module or the air wash module to detect a dust concentration of external air; and
a lighting module disposed on at least one of the air clean module or the air wash module to emit light as a color classified according to a dust concentration detected by the dust sensor,
wherein the lighting module comprises:
a printed circuit board,
a first light emitting member disposed at one side surface of the printed circuit board and a second light emitting member disposed at the other side surface of the printed circuit board, and
a diffusion member having one end facing the first light emitting member and the other end facing the second light emitting member.

US Pat. No. 10,215,432

CONTROL DEVICE WITH CURRENT PROTECTED SOLID STATE RELAYS

ECOBEE INC., Toronto (CA...

1. A control device for controlling one or more electrical subsystems in accordance with a control program, comprising:a housing;
a memory storing an operating program;
at least one environmental sensor within the housing to determine the temperature within the housing;
at least one solid state relay operable, when activated, to connect at least one electrical subsystem to a supply of power and further operable, when deactivated, to disconnect the at least one electrical subsystem from the supply of power;
at least one current measuring device to determine the amount of current flowing from the supply of power to the at least one electrical subsystem when the at least one solid state relay is activated; and
a processor operable to execute the operating program to: determine the amount of bulk heating produced by the determined amount of current and an associated predetermined electrical resistance; sum the determined amount of bulk heating with the amount of bulk heating produced in the housing by other components to obtain a determined sum of the bulk heating in the housing; compensate the determined temperature value by an amount corresponding to the determined sum of the bulk heating in the housing to obtain a compensated determined temperature value; and to activate and deactivate the at least one solid state relay to activate and deactivate the at least one electrical subsystem as needed to maintain the compensated determined temperature value within a preselected range of desired temperature values;
wherein the control device comprises at least two solid state relays, each of said at least two solid state relays controlling current flow from the supply of power to a respective electrical subsystem and having a predetermined respective electrical resistance, the at least one current measuring device determining the total amount of current flowing from the supply of power to each respective electrical subsystem through the respective solid state relays, the processor further operating to determine the portion of the determined total amount of current flowing through each of the at least two solid state relays and to determine the amount of bulk heating produced by the determined proportion of the total current and the respective predetermined electrical resistance to obtain the determined amount of bulk heating.

US Pat. No. 10,215,431

COMPACT AIR HANDLER WITH MULTIPLE FANS

CARRIER CORPORATION, Far...

1. An air handler comprising:a first enclosure having a first interior volume;
a plurality of air distribution modules affixed to the first enclosure; and
a controller in operable communication with at least one of the plurality of air distribution modules; wherein each of the plurality of air distribution modules comprises:
a second enclosure having a second interior volume, an upstream end, and a downstream end, the second enclosure configured to be coupled to a conduit, wherein the conduit is to be downstream of the downstream end of the second enclosure; and
a fan disposed within the second enclosure at the upstream end of the second enclosure, wherein the controller is operative to cause the fan to move air through the second enclosure, wherein the fan disposed within the second enclosure is positioned within the first interior volume of the first enclosure.

US Pat. No. 10,215,430

ELECTRONIC VAPOR AND ANALYSIS WITH HVAC INTEGRATION

Lunatech, LLC, Encino, C...

1. An apparatus comprising:an intake, configured to receive air from an airstream of a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system;
a pump coupled to the intake, configured for drawing the air into the apparatus via the intake;
a sensor, coupled to the pump, configured for detecting one or more constituents in the drawn air;
a network access device configured for establishing a communication session with a computing device;
a processor, configured for,
generating measurement data based on the detected one or more constituents,
transmitting the measurement data via the network access device to the computing device,
receiving a determination of one or more vaporizable materials to vaporize based on the measurement data from computing device;
a vaporizer component, coupled to the processor, configured for vaporizing the one or more vaporizable materials to create a vapor, wherein the vaporizer component comprises,
a first container for storing a first vaporizable material;
a second container for storing a second vaporizable material; and
a mixing chamber coupled to the first container for receiving the first vaporizable material, the second container for receiving the second vaporizable material, configured for producing a mixed vaporizable material based on the first vaporizable material and the second vaporizable material; and
a vapor output, coupled to the vaporizer component, configured for expelling the vapor into the airstream of the HVAC system.

US Pat. No. 10,215,429

LOCALIZED AIR SENSING AND TREATMENT

Lunatech, LLC, Encino, C...

1. A system comprising:a plurality of vapor devices, each vapor device disposed at a location, wherein each of the plurality of vapor device comprises a vaporizer component, a sensor component, a location component, and a communication component, wherein the vaporizer component is configured to vaporize one or more vaporizable materials, the sensor component is configured to generate sensor data representative of one or more constituents in air in proximity to the vapor device, and the location component is configured to determine a location of the vapor device, and the communication component is configured for transmitting sensor data and the location and for receiving an instruction to vaporize the one or more vaporizable materials; and
a computing device, in communication with the plurality of vapor devices, configured for,
receiving the sensor data and the locations from each of the plurality of vapor devices,
determining one or more vaporizable materials to be vaporized by each of the plurality of vapor devices based on the sensor data and the locations, and
transmitting an instruction to each of the plurality of vapor devices to vaporize the determined one or more vaporizable materials.

US Pat. No. 10,215,428

WASHSTAND FURNITURE

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. Washstand comprising:a wash device including a wash bowl, a water supply assembly that supplies water to the wash bowl, and a drainage assembly that drains the water supplied to the wash bowl;
an inner cabinet provided under the wash bowl, the inner cabinet having a space;
an outer cabinet that covers an outside of the inner cabinet;
a dryer that discharges air heated by a heater into the space defined in the inner cabinet;
a first module provided in the space defined in the inner cabinet, an interior of the first module being dried using the air discharged from the dryer; and
a second module provided in the space defined in the inner cabinet, an interior of the second module being dried using air discharged from the first module,
wherein an external connection channel is defined between the inner cabinet and the outer cabinet to guide the air discharged from the first module to the second module.

US Pat. No. 10,215,427

AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

CARRIER CORPORATION, Far...

1. An air conditioning system, which comprises an outdoor subsystem, an indoor subsystem and a power module for driving a cooling medium, wherein the outdoor subsystem is configured with a plurality of parallel branches and said branches comprise a branch inlet and a branch outlet, wherein the cooling medium flows into the indoor subsystem through the power module and the outdoor subsystem, performs heat exchange with the indoor air in an indoor unit of the indoor subsystem, and subsequently returns to an outdoor unit of the outdoor subsystem through the power module for heat exchange, thereby forming a circulation of the cooling medium, wherein:each branch is configured with an outdoor unit and a first control valve, the air conditioning system further comprises a controller, a first pressure sensor for measuring a pressure at the branch inlet and a second pressure sensor for measuring the pressure at the branch outlet, the controller comprises a first pressure difference determination module that communicates with the first pressure sensor and the second pressure sensor, and a first control module that communicates with the first pressure difference determination module and the first control valve, wherein the first pressure difference determination module receives the pressure at the branch inlet and the pressure at the branch outlet from the first pressure sensor and the second pressure sensor, and determines the pressure difference between the outlet and the inlet of the branches.

US Pat. No. 10,215,426

OUTDOOR FAN MOTOR DRIVING DEVICE AND AIR CONDITIONER INCLUDING AN OUTDOOR FAN MOTOR DRIVING DEVICE

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. An outdoor fan motor drive, comprising:an inverter to convert DC power into AC power according to a switching operation and to output the converted AC power to an outdoor fan motor;
an output current detector to detect phase currents flowing in the outdoor fan motor; and
a controller to control the inverter based on the detected phase currents, wherein when the outdoor fan motor is rotated by external wind, in a state in which all of lower arm switching elements, among upper arm switching elements and lower arm switching elements of the inverter, are turned on before the outdoor fan motor is driven, with the result that levels of the phase currents flowing in the outdoor fan motor are between a first level and a second level, the controller controls the outdoor fan motor such that a rotational speed of the outdoor fan motor is increased while the outdoor fan motor is rotated in a first direction and then rotated in a second direction opposite to the first direction during a speed increase period of the outdoor fan motor after an alignment period during which a rotor of the outdoor fan motor is aligned when the outdoor fan motor is driven.

US Pat. No. 10,215,425

GAS FIRED MODULAR BLOWER CONTROL AND ASSOCIATED METHODOLOGY

RHEEM MANUFACTURING COMPA...

1. A heat pump system comprising:a reversible refrigerant circuit heat pump operable in heating and cooling modes to selectively heat or cool air being delivered to a conditioned space;
a fuel-fired modular blower selectively operable to generate combustion heat; and
a control system associated with said heat pump and said modular blower and having a heat pump thermostat electrically connected to a modular blower control,
said heat pump thermostat being operative to transmit to said modular blower control both a first signal and a second signal, (1) the first signal indicative of heating operation of said heat pump, and (2) the second signal indicative of a need for alternative heat during a heating demand cycle, and
said modular blower control being operative, in response to receipt of both of said first and second signals, to cause said fuel-fired modular blower to generate combustion heat in place of refrigerant-based air heating of said heat pump.

US Pat. No. 10,215,424

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR REMOTELY MONITORING AND/OR CONTROLLING A PLUMBING SYSTEM

Advanced Conservation Tec...

1. A remotely located controller component for a structural on demand hot water system (HWS), said HWS comprising a hot water source, a hot water delivery line, a hot water return line, one or more sensors, and a hot water circulation pump; comprising:a controller component remotely located from said HWS for coordinating water and energy use comprising: a microprocessor having a memory component, at least one input connector component for receiving sensor signals, and at least one output connector component for sending control signals,
at least one sensor comprising a temperature sensor, said temperature sensor detecting water temperature at said hot water delivery line or said hot water return line over a temperature gradient time period; said remotely located controller component being structured to receive temperature-dependant data from said temperature sensor; detect a change in hot water line temperature (?T) at said sensor over a temperature gradient time period; and export a control signal to one or more HWS components;
wherein said controller component receives signals from, and/or sends signals to, said one or more HWS components wirelessly.

US Pat. No. 10,215,423

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR POSITIONING HEATING ELEMENTS

PROGRESS PROFILES S.P.A.,...

1. A floor underlayment comprising:a base layer having a top side and a bottom side;
a pad layer attached to the bottom side;
a plurality of protrusions extending to a first height above the top side, each protrusion comprising:
a top surface at the first height, the top surface substantially parallel to the base layer;
an inner wall sloping from the top surface to the top side of the base layer, the inner wall sloped in a first direction; and
an outer wall extending from the top surface to the top side of the base layer, at least a portion of the outer wall sloped in the first direction, the outer wall contacting the base layer underneath the top surface,
wherein the sloped inner wall and the outer wall are curved in a horizontal plane.

US Pat. No. 10,215,422

APPLIANCE HOOD MOUNTING SYSTEM

Haier US Appliance Soluti...

1. An appliance comprising:an appliance hood extending between a front and a back, the appliance hood including a mounting plate defining
a rear aperture pair at the back, each rear aperture having a width extending in a lateral direction and a length extending in a transverse direction, and
a forward aperture pair at the front, each forward aperture having a width extending in the lateral direction and a length extending in the transverse direction;
a rear bracket pair, each rear bracket being slidably disposed through a corresponding rear aperture, each rear bracket comprising
a rear cabinet tab disposed above the mounting plate in a vertical direction, and
a rear appliance tab disposed below the mounting plate and orthogonal to the rear cabinet tab, the rear appliance tab having a width extending in the lateral direction, the width of the rear appliance tab being greater than the width of the rear cabinet tab; and
a forward bracket pair, each forward bracket being slidably disposed through a corresponding forward aperture, each forward bracket comprising
a forward cabinet tab disposed above the mounting plate in the vertical direction, the forward cabinet tab having a length extending in the transverse direction, the length of the forward cabinet tab being less than the width of the corresponding forward aperture, and
a forward appliance tab disposed below the mounting plate and orthogonal to the forward cabinet tab,
wherein each forward appliance tab includes a length extending in the transverse direction, the length of the forward appliance tab being greater than the length of the corresponding forward aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,215,421

OVEN EXHAUST HOOD METHODS, DEVICES, AND SYSTEMS

OY HALTON GROUP LTD., He...

1. A method of controlling exhaust flow, comprising:receiving at a digital controller at least one signal pertaining to a state of an oven, the at least one signal including an amount of time left on a timer indicating remaining time until shutoff of the oven;
increasing by the digital controller an exhaust flow at a first time responsively to the at least one signal indicating remaining time until shutoff of the oven; and
decreasing by the digital controller the exhaust flow at a later time responsively to at least another signal indicating that a door of the oven has been closed.

US Pat. No. 10,215,420

OVEN APPLIANCE

Haier US Appliance Soluti...

12. An air distribution assembly for an oven appliance, the oven appliance comprising a housing defining a cooking chamber and an opening for accessing the cooking chamber, the air distribution assembly comprising:an air distribution manifold mounted to the housing at the opening of the housing, the air distribution manifold defining a manifold inlet, a manifold outlet, and a manifold opening that corresponds with the opening of the housing, the air distribution manifold comprising two side manifolds that extend vertically about and at least partially define the opening; and
an air handler positioned within the air distribution manifold, the air handler being configured for drawing air in the manifold inlet and urging air out the manifold outlet.

US Pat. No. 10,215,419

PARTICULATE BUILDUP PREVENTION IN IGNITOR AND FUEL NOZZLE BOSSES

1. A floating collar assembly for a gas turbine engine combustor, the floating collar assembly comprising:a boss assembly including first and second portions assembled to provide a peripheral wall and spaced apart top and bottom walls collectively defining a cavity therebetween, the top and bottom walls each having a central opening therein aligned with one another, and at least one of the top and bottom walls including a recessed particulate collecting groove adjacent to the peripheral wall; and
a floating collar within the boss assembly and having a peripheral flange received within the cavity and an opening extending axially therethrough aligned with the central openings of the top and bottom walls, a periphery of the peripheral flange proximate the particulate collecting groove being spaced inwardly from the peripheral wall of the boss assembly a selected distance, the selected distance chosen based on an expected size of particulate ingested into the floating collar assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,215,418

SEALING DEVICE FOR A GAS TURBINE COMBUSTOR

ANSALDO ENERGIA IP UK LIM...

7. A gas turbine combustor comprising:a combustion liner positioned along an axis of the gas turbine combustor, the combustion liner having a forward end and an aft end;
a flow sleeve having a forward end and an aft end; and
a seal, the seal comprising:
a first annular portion having a first diameter;
a second annular portion having a second diameter, wherein the second annular portion is radially outward of the first annular portion; and
a transition portion extending between the first annular portion and the second annular portion, the transition portion having a plurality of openings for regulating a flow of a cooling fluid,
wherein the first annular portion is fixedly secured to an annular ring of the combustion liner thereby restricting movement in an axial direction between the seal and the combustion liner, the annular ring of the combustion liner extending from a position on the combustion liner proximate the aft end of the combustion liner to the aft end of the combustion liner, wherein the flow sleeve is positioned radially outward of the combustion liner such that an annular passage between the combustion liner and the flow sleeve is formed, wherein the annular passage is configured to direct a portion of the flow of the cooling fluid to an inlet of the combustion liner positioned at the forward end of the combustion liner, and wherein the second annular portion includes a plurality of axial slots such that the second annular portion is compressible from a free condition to a compressed condition when assembled into the gas turbine combustor, the second diameter of the second annular portion when in the compressed condition being smaller than the second diameter of the second annular portion when in the free condition,
wherein the flow sleeve has an inlet ring with an outer diameter and an inner diameter, the inlet ring extending from a position on the flow sleeve proximate the aft end of the flow sleeve to the aft end of the flow sleeve,
wherein the second annular portion of the compressible seal is positioned radially within, and in sliding contact with, the inner diameter of the flow sleeve inlet ring such that the second annular portion is in the compressed condition to form a compression fit between the compressible seal and the inlet ring.

US Pat. No. 10,215,417

SEQUENTIAL COMBUSTOR ARRANGEMENT WITH A MIXER

ANSALDO ENERGIA SWITZERLA...

1. A sequential combustor arrangement, comprising:a first burner;
a first combustion chamber;
a mixer for admixing a dilution gas to hot gases leaving the first combustion chamber during operation;
a second burner; and
a second combustion chamber arranged sequentially in a fluid flow direction, wherein the mixer is adapted to guide the hot gases in a hot gas flow path extending between the first combustion chamber and the second burner, the mixer including:
a duct having an inlet at an upstream end adapted for connection to the first combustion chamber and an outlet at a downstream end adapted for connection to the second burner;
at least one group of injection tubes extending inwards from a side wall of the mixer into the hot gas flow path for admixing the dilution gas to cool the hot gases leaving the first combustion chamber wherein the at least one group of injection tubes are arranged circumferentially distributed along the side wall of the mixer;
a duct wall at least partly encloses the side wall delimiting a connecting duct for feeding the dilution gas to the at least one group of injection tubes; and
a flow guide arranged in the connecting duct and/or the at least one group of injection tubes for guiding the dilution gas into the at least one group of injection tubes, wherein the flow guide includes a deflector disposed in the connecting duct above an inlet of an injection tube of the at least one group of injection tubes, and
an onset of the deflector is arranged above an inlet of the injection tube and shifted in a flow direction of the dilution gas by a first displacement (w1) relative to an upstream end of a cross section of the injection tube wherein a ratio of the first displacement (w1) to a diameter (D) of the injection tube is in a range of 0.2 to 0.6 and/or that a downstream end of the deflector is arranged shifted in the flow direction of the dilution gas by a second displacement (w2) relative to a downstream end of the cross section of the injection tube wherein a ratio of the second displacement (w2) to the diameter (D) of the injection tube is in a range of 0.1 to 0.45.

US Pat. No. 10,215,416

BURNER OF A GAS TURBINE WITH A LOBED SHAPE VORTEX GENERATOR

ANSALDO ENERGIA SWITZERLA...

1. A burner of a gas turbine comprising:a duct;
a vortex generator extending in the duct and comprising a leading edge and a trailing edge, wherein the trailing edge has a first lobed shape; and
an additional wall that extends across a surface between the leading edge and the trailing edge of the vortex generator,
wherein the first lobed shape is defined by a second lobed shape.

US Pat. No. 10,215,415

PREMIX FUEL NOZZLE ASSEMBLY CARTRIDGE

General Electric Company,...

1. A fuel nozzle assembly, comprising:a centerbody;
a cartridge that extends axially through the centerbody, the cartridge defining a purge air passage within the centerbody, the cartridge having a tip portion defined by a tip body, the tip body defining a throat portion and a mouth portion defined downstream from the throat portion, the throat portion having a cylindrical portion with a closed upstream end thereby defining the throat portion as a cup-shape, and the throat portion and the mouth portion defining a continuous radially inward facing surface, the mouth portion diverging radially outward from an intersection with the throat portion with respect to a centerline that extends through the tip body forming the mouth portion as a bell-shaped opening at a downstream end of the centerbody, the tip body further defining a plurality of injection ports circumferentially spaced around the throat portion through the cylindrical portion, wherein the injection ports provide for fluid communication between the purge air passage and the throat portion, and wherein the injection ports are oriented with respect to a centerline that extends through the tip body such that the injector ports impart angular swirl to a compressed air flowing from the purge air passage into the throat portion, said compressed air exiting the tip body through the bell-shaped opening; and
a premix pilot nozzle disposed at a downstream end of the centerbody and that extends axially through the centerbody, wherein the premix pilot nozzle comprises a plurality of circumferentially spaced premix tubes disposed radially outward of the tip body with respect to the centerline, each premix tube having an inlet defined along an upstream wall, an outlet defined along an exit face of the premix pilot nozzle and a premix passage defined therebetween, each premix tube further comprising a fuel port in fluid communication with a premix fuel circuit defined within the centerbody, wherein the inlets are in fluid communication with a premix air passage defined within the centerbody, and wherein the outlet of each premix tube is angled with respect to the centerline to impart angular swirl about the centerline to a fuel/air mixture flowing from the premix passages of the corresponding premix tubes.

US Pat. No. 10,215,414

SYSTEM AND METHOD HAVING FUEL NOZZLE

General Electric Company,...

1. A gas turbine system, comprising:a fuel nozzle, comprising:
a first body comprising:
a central passage extending from a mixing region to a central outlet at a first downstream end portion of the first body, wherein the central passage is defined by a first annular wall, and wherein the first annular wall radially diverges relative to a central axis of the central passage in a downstream direction toward the first downstream end portion;
an annular pilot fuel outlet extending axially from an upstream end portion of the first body into the mixing region, wherein the annular pilot fuel outlet is oriented parallel to the central axis and surrounds a central pilot fuel passage configured to deliver air and fuel into the mixing region;
an oxidant outlet in the mixing region; and
an outer passage comprising a first passage extending in the downstream direction toward the first downstream end portion and a second passage extending in an upstream direction from the first downstream end portion into the mixing region, wherein the second passage radially diverges relative to the central axis in the upstream direction such that a first radial dimension of the second passage adjacent to the first downstream end portion is smaller than a second radial dimension of the second passage adjacent to the mixing region, and wherein the fuel nozzle is configured to flow a fluid through the first passage, the second passage, the oxidant outlet, and into the mixing region.

US Pat. No. 10,215,413

BUNDLED TUBE FUEL NOZZLE WITH VIBRATION DAMPING

General Electric Company,...

1. A bundled tube fuel nozzle, comprising:a forward plate, an intermediate plate, and an outer sleeve, wherein the forward plate, the intermediate plate and the outer sleeve define a fuel plenum therebetween;
an aft plate axially spaced from the intermediate plate, wherein the intermediate plate, the aft plate, and the outer sleeve define a cooling air plenum therebetween; and
a plurality of tubes that extends through the forward plate, the fuel plenum, the intermediate plate, the cooling air plenum and the aft plate, wherein each tube of the plurality of tubes extends through a respective tube opening of a plurality of tube openings defined by the aft plate and wherein a radial gap is defined between an outer surface of each tube and an inner surface of the respective tube opening;
wherein the plurality of tubes comprises at least one tube that is radially loaded against the inner surface of the respective tube opening, the at least one tube comprises a tip portion, and the tip portion of the at least one tube has an oval cross sectional shape.

US Pat. No. 10,215,412

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR LOAD CONTROL WITH DIFFUSION COMBUSTION IN A STOICHIOMETRIC EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION GAS TURBINE SYSTEM

General Electric Company,...

1. A system, comprising:an oxidant compressor configured to produce a compressed stream of an oxidant;
a turbine combustor receiving the compressed stream of the oxidant from the oxidant compressor and comprising a first diffusion fuel nozzle and a second diffusion fuel nozzle, wherein the first diffusion fuel nozzle is configured to inject separate streams of a first portion of the oxidant, a first diluent, and a first fuel at first flow rates into the turbine combustor to produce a first diffusion flame at a first substantially stoichiometric ratio, and wherein the second diffusion fuel nozzle is configured to inject separate streams of a second portion of the oxidant, a second diluent, and a second fuel at second flow rates into the turbine combustor to produce a second diffusion flame at a second substantially stoichiometric ratio;
a turbine driven by combustion products from the first and second diffusion flames in the turbine combustor;
an exhaust gas compressor, wherein the exhaust gas compressor is configured to compress and route only an exhaust gas from the turbine to the turbine combustor along an exhaust recirculation path, and wherein at least a portion of the exhaust gas is directed to the first diffusion fuel nozzle as the first diluent and to the second diffusion fuel nozzle as the second diluent;
wherein a first ratio of the first flow rates of the first fuel and the first portion of the oxidant through the first diffusion fuel nozzle is different from a second ratio of the second flow rates of the second fuel and the second portion of the oxidant through the second diffusion fuel nozzle, and wherein the first ratio of the first flow rates of the first fuel and the first portion of the oxidant through the first diffusion fuel nozzle produce the first diffusion flame at the first substantially stoichiometric ratio and the second ratio of the second flow rates of the second fuel and the second portion of the oxidant through the second diffusion fuel nozzle produce the second diffusion flame at the second substantially stoichiometric ratio;
wherein the first diffusion fuel nozzle comprises a first passage, a second passage, a third passage, and a fourth passage configured to inject separate streams of the first portion of the oxidant, the first diluent, and the first fuel into the turbine combustor to produce the first diffusion flame at the stoichiometric ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,215,411

COMBUSTOR PANELS HAVING RECESSED RAIL

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

8. A gas turbine engine comprising:a combustor including a combustor shell, the combustor shell having an interior surface and defining a combustion chamber having an axial length;
a first panel mounted to the interior surface of the combustor shell at a first position, the first panel comprising:
a first end;
a first rail proximate the first end;
a first combustion chamber surface extending axially within the combustion chamber from the first rail to an axially opposite end of the first panel, the first combustion chamber surface being parallel with the interior surface of the combustor shell, the first rail extending from the first combustion chamber surface toward the interior surface of the combustor shell; and
a first extension of the first combustion chamber surface extending axially from the first rail to the first end of the first panel;
a second panel mounted to the interior surface of the combustor shell at a second position and axially adjacent to the first panel, the second panel comprising:
a second end;
a second rail proximate the second end;
a second combustion chamber surface extending from the second rail to an axially opposite end of the second panel, the second rail extending from the second combustion chamber surface toward the interior surface of the combustor shell; and
a second extension of the second combustion chamber surface extending axially from the second rail to the second end of the second panel,
wherein the first end of the first panel and the second end of the second panel are proximal to each other and define a circumferentially extending gap therebetween,
wherein the first rail, the second rail, the first extension, and the second extension collectively define an impingement cooling volume at the circumferentially extending gap, and
wherein the combustor shell includes at least one impingement aperture proximate the circumferentially extending gap, the at least one impingement aperture being configured to provide impingement cooling air to the impingement cooling volume.

US Pat. No. 10,215,410

TURBINE ENGINE COMBUSTOR HEAT SHIELD WITH MULTI-ANGLED COOLING APERTURES

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A combustor for a turbine engine, the combustor comprising:a combustor wall including a shell and a heat shield attached to the shell;
the heat shield defining a plurality of effusion apertures that includes a first effusion aperture and a second effusion aperture;
wherein the first effusion aperture extends along a centerline that is offset from a surface of the heat shield by a first angle, the first angle being greater than 0° and less than 90°, and the second effusion aperture extends along a centerline that is offset from the surface by a second angle, the second angle being greater than 0° and less than 90°, wherein the second angle is different than the first angle;
wherein the first effusion aperture is one of a plurality of first effusion apertures defined in the heat shield, and a density of the plurality of first effusion apertures in a first region of the heat shield is greater than a density of the plurality of first effusion apertures in a second region of the heat shield, wherein the density of the plurality of first effusion apertures in the second region of the heat shield is greater than zero; and
wherein the second effusion aperture is one of a plurality of second effusion apertures defined in the heat shield, and a density of the plurality of second effusion apertures in the second region of the heat shield is greater than a density of the plurality of second effusion apertures in the first region of the heat shield, wherein the density of the plurality of second effusion apertures in the first region of the heat shield is greater than zero.

US Pat. No. 10,215,409

VALVE ASSEMBLY FOR A GAS LIGHTER

1. A valve assembly system for a gas lighter comprising:a gas lighter body formed with a well open at a top end and providing a passage to a fuel reservoir at a bottom end;
a valve regulating assembly disposed in the well of the gas lighter body, the valve regulating assembly comprising a valve body including a filter, a jet with a globe seal and a spring, the jet being guided by a washer and having a nozzle for flow of fuel; the filter, the jet with the globe seal, the spring and the washer all being disposed internally of and enclosed within the valve body;
an o-ring positioned around the periphery of a portion of the valve body and above a bearing arranged at the well; and
a pressing cover disposed in a peripheral recess atop the well and arranged above the bearing, adapted to press directly or indirectly the o-ring downward,
wherein by a vertical compression of the o-ring due to a downward force exerted from the pressing cover on the o-ring toward the bearing of the well,
wherein the valve regulating assembly is free-floating within the well such that compression of the o-ring provides an effect of stabilizing the valve regulating assembly within the well and creates a seal between the valve regulating assembly and the lighter body, and
wherein the pressing cover is permanently fixed to the lighter body by gluing or ultrasonic welding.

US Pat. No. 10,215,408

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DIFFUSE COMBUSTION OF PREMIX

Fives North American Comb...

1. A method comprising:directing fuel-oxidant premix into a reaction zone through a first total premix inlet flow area;
causing the premix to combust and form a stable flame projecting into a process chamber through an outlet from the reaction zone; and
blowing off the flame at a time when the process chamber has a temperature at or above an auto-ignition temperature of the fuel, and thereby initiating diffuse combustion in the process chamber, by directing the premix into the reaction zone through a second total premix inlet flow area greater than the first total premix inlet flow area.

US Pat. No. 10,215,407

EXHAUST GAS TREATMENT APPARATUS

EBARA CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An exhaust gas treatment apparatus for treating a processing gas by combustion treatment to make the processing gas harmless, the exhaust gas treatment apparatus comprising:a cylindrical combustion chamber configured to combust a processing gas; and
a fuel nozzle, an oxidizing gas nozzle and a processing gas nozzle provided on the combustion chamber and configured to blow a fuel, an oxidizing gas and the processing gas, respectively, in a tangential direction to an inner circumferential surface of the combustion chamber;
wherein the fuel nozzle, the oxidizing gas nozzle and the processing gas nozzle are positioned in the same plane perpendicular to an axis of the combustion chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,215,406

FLUE GAS COMBUSTION APPARATUS

1. A flue gas combustion apparatus receiving flue gas from a burning unit and ambient air, comprising:a reactor body having a first end portion, an opposite second end position, and an intermediate portion therebetween, said refractory body further comprising a first spiral passageway for conducting the flue gas, said first spiral passageway having an entrance at said first portion and an exit at said second portion, said first spiral passageway extending through said intermediate portion of said reactor body between said first and second portions of said reactor body;
said reactor body further comprising a second spiral passageway for conducting ambient air, said second spiral passageway having an entrance at said second portion and an exit at said first portion;
said reactor body further comprising a shaft, said shaft lying within said first spiral passageway, said exit of said second spiral passageway feeding said shaft; and
at least one aperture communicating said shaft with said first spiral passageway, to pass air for combustion of the flue gas therein.

US Pat. No. 10,215,405

COOKING DEVICE AND BURNER

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A burner comprising:a burner body having a nozzle to supply a gas;
a burner head provided above the burner body and having a mixed gas chamber in which air and the gas injected from the nozzle are introduced;
a burner cap provided on the burner head;
a flame remaining chamber provided at the burner head and separate from the mixed gas chamber; and
a flame detection unit provided at the flame remaining chamber,
wherein the burner head comprises an outer wall which has a flame hole, an inner wall which is located inside the outer wall, and a chamber forming wall spanning the outer wall and the inner wall to form the flame remaining chamber,
wherein the flame detection unit is located between the outer wall and the inner wall,
wherein the outer wall is extends above a bottom wall of the flame remaining chamber,
wherein the burner body comprises:
a gas supply chamber through which the gas injected from the nozzle flows,
a sensor accommodation part that is separate from the gas supply chamber,
an air supply opening through which the air is introduced into the gas supply chamber, and
a barrier member extending upward from an edge of the air supply opening and configured to prevent foreign substances from cooking activities from being introduced into the gas supply chamber,
wherein the barrier member comprises:
a first barrier member which extends upward from a first portion of the edge of the air supply opening adjacent to the sensor accommodation part, and
a second barrier which extends upward from a second portion of the air supply opening toward an top surface of the burner body and concentric to the first barrier member,
wherein a height of first barrier member is higher than a height of the second barrier.

US Pat. No. 10,215,404

DUAL VENTURI FOR COMBUSTOR

KYUNGDONG NAVIEN CO., LTD...

1. A dual venturi for a combustor, comprising:a housing;
an air supply unit within the housing, the air supply unit comprising a first air supply unit and a second air supply unit separated from the first air supply unit by a first partition, the first partition formed with an opening/closing hole;
a gas supply unit formed on one side of the housing, the gas supply unit comprising a first gas supply unit and a second gas supply unit separated from the first air supply unit by a second partition, the first gas supply unit connected to the first air supply unit, the second gas supply unit connected to the second air supply unit through the opening/closing hole;
a damper rotatably disposed in the second air supply unit and configured to allow or block air flowing through the second air supply unit, the damper having a hollow cylindrical portion disposed within the second air supply unit, two or more first protrusions and first recesses which are relatively recessed with respect to the first protrusions alternatively disposed in the hollow cylindrical portion;
a moving body disposed in the hollow cylindrical portion, the moving body having second protrusions and second recesses that are respectively corresponding to the first protrusions and the first recesses and configured to, according to rotation of the damper, move in a first direction by contact of ends of the second protrusions with ends of the first protrusions and move in a second direction by ends of the second protrusions being disposed in the first recesses within the hollow cylindrical portion;
a valve connected to the moving body, the valve configured to allow flow of gas through the second gas supply unit into the second air supply unit by opening the opening/closing hole while simultaneously moving as the moving body moves in the first direction or block flow of gas flowing through the second gas supply unit into the second air supply unit by closing the opening/closing hole while simultaneously moving as the moving body moves in the second direction; and
a first spring disposed within the hollow cylindrical portion and connected to the moving body, and configured to provide a return force to the moving body in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,215,403

GAS PREMIX BURNER AND GAS WATER HEATER

A. O. Smith Corporation, ...

1. A gas premix burner that can be matched and connected with a premix chamber disposed upstream of a combustion direction of the gas premix burner, such that gas and air can be burned by the gas premix burner after being mixed in the gas premix chamber, the gas premix burner comprising:a burner substrate, a main combustion hole provided on the burner substrate; and
an auxiliary combustion hole disposed downstream from the main combustion hole along the combustion direction on the burner substrate, the auxiliary combustion hole oriented toward the main combustion hole or a main flame formed by the main combustion hole;
wherein an auxiliary flame of the auxiliary combustion hole intersects a main flame of the main combustion hole.

US Pat. No. 10,215,402

GAS-ASSISTED LIGUID FUEL OXYGEN REACTOR

KING FAHD UNIVERSITY OF P...

1. A gas-assisted liquid fuel oxygen reactor system, comprising:a CO2-assisted atomizer having an inlet adapted to receive a liquid fuel and an outlet adapted to spray atomized fuel and CO2;
an evaporation zone having an inlet adapted to receive the atomized liquid fuel and CO2 and having an outer wall that is formed of a thermally conductive material such that the evaporation zone is adapted to heat the atomized fuel and CO2 into a vaporized form;
a reaction zone co-axially aligned with and in flow communication with the evaporation zone, wherein the reaction zone is adapted to receive a flow of the vaporized fuel and CO2 from the evaporation zone;
an ion transport membrane that is coaxially aligned with the evaporation zone and defines the reaction zone;
an air vessel defined by structure that is disposed about the ion transport membrane and defines a first space between an outer surface of the ion transport membrane and an inner surface of the air vessel structure, wherein the air vessel structure is formed of a thermally conductive material and the air vessel is for receiving an air stream that flows in a counter direction relative to a flow of the vaporized fuel and CO2 in the reaction zone;
a heating vessel defined by a structure that is disposed about the air vessel structure and defines a second space between an outer surface of the air vessel structure and an inner surface of the heating vessel structure, wherein the heating vessel is for receiving a heated air and gaseous fuel stream such that heat is transferred from the air and gaseous fuel stream to the first space;
wherein the ion transport membrane is adapted to provide O2 permeating from the air stream and transfer the O2 into the reaction zone resulting in an O2-depleted air stream in the first space of the air vessel structure, and wherein the reaction zone is adapted to combust the vaporized fuel and CO2 in the presence of O2 to produce heat and create exhaust gases that are recirculated in the system.

US Pat. No. 10,215,401

PULSE COMBUSTION HEAT EXCHANGER SYSTEM AND METHOD

ThermoChem Recovery Inter...

1. A pulse combustion heat exchanger (1000) that is configured to accept oxidant (1A1) and fuel (1A2) and output a cooled combustion stream (1A5), including:(a) an oxidant inlet section (100) that is configured to accept oxidant (1A1);
(b) a fuel inlet section (200) that is configured to accept fuel (1A2);
(c) a mixing section (300) including one or more aerovalves (A, A?, A?) that are configured to accept and mix oxidant (1A1) from the oxidant inlet section (100) with fuel (1A2) from the fuel inlet section (200) to create an oxidant and fuel mixture (1A3);
(d) a combustion section (400) configured to receive and combust the oxidant and fuel mixture (1A3) from the mixing section (300) to produce a pulsating combustion stream (1A4);
(e) a heat transfer section (500) configured to receive the combustion stream (1A4) from the combustion section (400), the heat transfer section (500) including one or more resonance conduits (502, 502A, 502B, 502C, 502D, 502E) that are configured to transfer heat from the combustion stream (1A4) to an energy sink (V108), wherein combustion of the oxidant and fuel mixture (1A3) may continue to take place within the heat transfer section (500);
(f) a first transition section (450) positioned between the combustion section (400) and the heat transfer section (500), the first transition section (450) comprising a first coolant path configured to receive a first coolant (451);
(g) a second transition section (650) connected to the heat transfer section (500) and configured to receive the combustion stream (1A4) from the heat transfer section (500) and output a cooled combustion stream (1A5), the second transition section (650) comprising a second coolant path configured to receive a second coolant (651); and
(h) a decoupler section (600) connected to the second transition section (650) and configured to accept the cooled combustion stream (1A5) from the second transition section (650) and output the cooled combustion stream (1A5) via a combustion stream outlet (606).

US Pat. No. 10,215,400

METHOD AND PLANT FOR REDOX CHEMICAL LOOPING COMBUSTION OF A SOLID HYDROCARBON FEEDSTOCK

IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES, ...

1. A method for combustion of a solid hydrocarbon feed by oxidation-reduction in a chemical loop wherein a redox active mass circulates in particle form, comprising:feeding the solid hydrocarbon feed in particle form into a conveying zone operating under fluidized bed conditions and opening into a combustion reactor,
injecting into the conveying zone a first fluidization gas so as to create a dilute phase of the fluidized bed, while controlling the rate of flow of the first fluidization gas in such a way that the superficial velocity of the gas in the conveying zone is higher than the terminal velocity of the solid hydrocarbon feed particles and the terminal velocity of solid particles present in the combustion reactor, and while controlling the temperature of the first gas in such a way that the temperature in the dilute phase of the conveying zone is less than or equal to 500° C.,
carrying out combustion of the solid hydrocarbon feed from the conveying zone through contact with the redox active mass within the fluidized-bed combustion reactor,
extracting from the combustion reactor a mixture comprising particles of the redox active mass and bottom ash through an extraction line arranged in the bottom of the combustion reactor,
feeding the mixture with a controlled flow rate into a separation zone comprising a lower part of said conveying zone, arranged below an upper part of the conveying zone into which the solid hydrocarbon feed is fed,
injecting a second fluidization gas into the separation zone, the injection being performed by controlling the flow rate of the second fluidization gas:
so as to separate by elutriation the redox active mass particles and the bottom ash agglomerated within the mixture, said the particles of the redox active mass being then conveyed to the combustion reactor and the bottom ash agglomerated within the mixture falling under the effect of gravity to the bottom of the separation zone where it is discharged, and
so that the velocity of the gas from the mixture of first fluidization gas and second fluidization gas in the upper part of the conveying zone is higher than the terminal velocity of the solid hydrocarbon feed particles and the terminal velocity of the solid particles present in said combustion reactor,and said injection is performed by controlling also the temperature of the second fluidization gas in such a way that the temperature of the conveying zone is less than or equal to 500° C.

US Pat. No. 10,215,399

SMALL SUPERCRITICAL ONCE-THRU STEAM GENERATOR

6. A supercritical once-through steam generator, comprising:a radiant section comprising a cylindrical horizontal housing having a burner end and an exhaust end opposite the burner end, a burner located at the burner end, at least one furnace coil running in a serpentine path between the burner end and the exhaust end circumferentially and evenly spaced along an internal circumference of the horizontal housing, and an outlet port at the exhaust end that leads to a convection flue, wherein a perimeter of the outlet port is formed by an arc and a chord; and
a convection section comprising a vertical housing that is located above the convection flue;
wherein the once-through steam generator is devoid of a steam separator;
wherein the convection section includes a superheater in fluid communication with the at least one furnace coil and an economizer above the superheater, the economizer being in fluid communication with the at least one furnace coil;
wherein the economizer is tapered, with a greater surface area adjacent the superheater; and
wherein flue gas generated by the burner travels horizontally through the radiant section and travels vertically through the vertical housing.

US Pat. No. 10,215,398

SOLID FUEL BURNING-FURNACE HAVING A VERTICALLY MOUNTED CYLINDRICAL COMBUSTION CHAMBER

1. An apparatus for burning solid fuel comprising a cylindrical furnace having a vertical axis in which combusting fuel and gases are rotated to centrifugally move entrained particulates and denser gases to the perimeter of the cylindrical furnace and incorporating at least one extraction duct for removing at least a portion of said entrained particulates, said extraction duct intersecting said cylindrical furnace at a location in the upper half of said cylindrical furnace, such that a portion of said gas exits the cylindrical furnace as extracted gas through at least one of said extraction ducts and a portion of said gas moves through the cylindrical furnace exiting out the top of said cylindrical furnace, in which at least some of said extracted gas is used to heat and/or at least partially dry at least some incoming fuel.

US Pat. No. 10,215,397

FLASHLIGHT STUN GUN DEVICE

JAGUAR IMPORTS, LLC, Orl...

1. A flashlight stun gun device comprising:a cylindrical housing having a top end and a bottom end;
a power source within the cylindrical housing;
discharge circuitry within the housing and coupled to the power source, the discharge circuitry having a first lead and a second lead;
a light emitting source secured to the top end of the cylindrical housing and coupled to the power source;
a collar secured to the top end and around the light emitting source and having sidewalls extending away from the top end of the cylindrical housing and light emitting source to define a top edge of the collar;
first and second electrodes embedded in a first portion of the top edge of the collar and having a first gap therebetween to generate an electric arc across; and
third and fourth electrodes embedded in a second portion of the top edge of the collar opposing the first pair of electrodes and having a second gap therebetween to generate an electric arc across;
wherein the first electrode is coupled to the first lead of the discharge circuitry, the second electrode and the third electrode are coupled together by a wire, and the fourth electrode is coupled to the second lead and is insulated from the first electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,215,396

ILLUMINATED BOTTLE SLEEVE AND MATING BOTTLE

Amphipod, Inc., Seattle,...

1. A sleeve for a bottle, comprising:a base layer of a first flexible material forming the sleeve, the sleeve having an interior surface and an exterior surface, whereby the sleeve is attachable to the bottle such that the interior surface faces toward the bottle;
a reflective layer attached to the base layer and covering at least a portion of the interior surface;
a light source carried on the sleeve, the light source being directed toward the bottle when the sleeve is attached around the bottle; and
one or more holes formed in the base layer, whereby light emitted from the light source and reflected by the bottle is allowed to pass through the one or more holes when the sleeve is attached around the bottle;
wherein the bottle further comprises opposing first and second sidewalls and third and fourth sidewalls, the third and fourth sidewalls being positioned between the first and second sidewalls, and further wherein the light source is positioned adjacent the third sidewall when the sleeve is attached to the bottle, having a depth D from the third sidewall to the fourth sidewall which is less than a width W from the first sidewall to the second sidewall.

US Pat. No. 10,215,395

LUMINAIRES

1. An LED luminaire comprising: an main body portion adapted, in use, to house an LED light panel; a mount for securing, in use, the luminaire to a surface; a driver unit; and a hinge adapted to hingedly connect the main body portion to the mount, wherein the hinge comprises a, hollow interior volume for accommodating the driver unit, and wherein the driver unit comprises a water-resistant housing.

US Pat. No. 10,215,394

SUBMERSIBLE LIGHT FIXTURE WITH MULTILAYER STACK FOR PRESSURE TRANSFER

1. An underwater light, comprising:a structural housing for withstanding deep underwater pressures of at least 1500 pounds per square inch (PSI);
a transparent pressure bearing window, having outward and inward facing sides, positioned at a forward end of the housing;
a window retainer assembly;
a multi-layer stack positioned behind the transparent pressure bearing window, the multilayer stack including:
a light engine printed circuit board (PCB) populated with a plurality of light emitting diodes (LEDs); and
an LED spacer including apertures for allowing light emitted from the LEDs to pass through to the transparent pressure bearing window, wherein the LED spacer is positioned between the transparent pressure bearing window and the printed circuit board so as to bear substantially all of the pressure applied to the transparent window by water on an exterior side of the window when the housing and transparent pressure bearing window are subjected to deep underwater pressures;
a light head body subassembly positioned at or near a rearward facing side of the housing; and
a retainer subassembly positioned to clamp the multi-layer stack between the housing and the transparent pressure bearing window;
wherein the transparent pressure bearing window, retainer subassembly, and PCB are positioned so that substantially all of the loading from ambient water applied to the outward facing side of the transparent pressure bearing window at depth is carried through the inward facing side of the transparent pressure bearing window through the multi-layer stack and to the rearward end of the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,215,393

LIGHTING DEVICE WITH SMOOTH OUTER APPEARANCE

PHILIPS LIGHTING HOLDING ...

1. A lighting device comprising:at least one light source;
a heat sink component having a bottom and a side wall extending from the bottom, and a protrusion adjacent the bottom and extending opposite the sidewall, wherein the at least one light source thermally contacts the protrusion of the heat sink component;
a cover opposite to the protrusion, thereby defining an air chamber between the cover, the side wall, and the bottom, the cover having a rim at its outer periphery; and
a slit formed between the rim of the cover and an upper periphery of the side wall of the heat sink component;
wherein the heat sink component comprises an opening, and the opening comprises at least one hole in the bottom of the heat sink component that is disposed between the protrusion and the side wall of the heat sink component,
wherein the air chamber forms a channel between the slit and the opening of the heat sink component to allow a flow of air between the slit and the opening of the heat sink component.

US Pat. No. 10,215,392

LED SYSTEM AND HOUSING FOR USE WITH HALOGEN LIGHT FIXTURES

Golight, Inc., Culbertso...

1. A light assembly for mounting to a base unit comprising:a heat sink having a front, a back, a base and a top, with a plurality of cooling fins extending across at least the base, back, and top of the heat sink, and air channels formed between the cooling fins;
a plurality of LEDs arranged on the front of the heat sink;
a projection lens arranged over the plurality of LEDs, a first side of the projection lens being substantially flat and facing the plurality of LEDs, a second side of the projection lens having a plurality of protrusions; and
a protective lens arranged over the projection lens;
wherein the ends of the air channels open towards and terminate adjacent to the protective lens;
wherein ambient air enters each air channel when the light assembly is in use and travels around the heat sink before exiting, thereby transferring heat away from the cooling fins.

US Pat. No. 10,215,391

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING DOWNLIGHTING AND WALL-WASHING LIGHTING EFFECTS

PHILIPS LIGHTING HOLDING ...

1. A lighting fixture located in close proximity to a vertical surface, the lighting fixture comprising:a plurality of lighting units each comprising a plurality of light sources configured to emit a light beam having an adjustable orientation, wherein a first subset of the plurality of lighting units are configured to emit a light beam oriented toward an upper portion of the vertical surface, a second subset of the plurality of lighting units are configured to emit a light beam oriented toward an intermediate portion of the vertical surface, a third subset of the plurality of lighting units are configured to emit a light beam oriented toward a lower portion of the vertical surface, and a fourth subset of the plurality of lighting units are configured to emit a light beam oriented toward a horizontal surface; and
a controller operably connected to said plurality of lighting units, wherein said controller is configured to control the intensity of light emitted from said plurality of light sources, and wherein said controller is further configured to control the orientation of each of said plurality of light sources.

US Pat. No. 10,215,390

PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES

MAG INSTRUMENT, INC., On...

1. A flashlight, comprising:a battery power source;
a light source;
a circuit powered by the battery power source which causes the light source to emit light in an on state;
a switch which causes the circuit to alternate between the on state and an off state in which the light source does not emit light when the switch is actuated by a user;
a controller for causing light emitted from the light source to emit at two or more modes other than the off state; and
an automatic dimmer residing within the flashlight which causes light emitted from the light source to dim without any activation of the switch after a first preselected amount of time.

US Pat. No. 10,215,389

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR A SMART MODULE DIRECTLY EMBEDDED ON A LIGHTING FIXTURE

Fluence Bioengineering, I...

1. A light fixture comprising:a substrate formed of metal core PCB;
a first grouping of light sources embedded on the substrate;
a second grouping of light sources embedded on the substrate, wherein there is a space between the first grouping of light sources and the second grouping of light sources;
a smart module including at least one sensor being embedded on the substrate within the space, wherein traces associated with the smart module are directly embedded on the substrate, the traces being configured to electrically couple the first grouping of light sources, the second grouping of light sources, and electronic components associated with the smart module.

US Pat. No. 10,215,388

LIGHT SOURCE MODULE AND PROJECTOR

Coretronic Corporation, ...

1. A light source module, comprising:a light emitting diode element, having a first electrode, a second electrode and a substrate, wherein the substrate has a top surface, and the top surface of the substrate is a light emitting surface;
a pin connector, disposed on the light emitting diode element and having two connection pins, wherein each of the connection pins has a first connection end and a second connection end, and the two first connection ends are disposed on and contact to the first electrode and the second electrode respectively; and
two power cords, respectively connected to the first electrode and the second electrode through the two connection pins, wherein each of the power cords comprises a joint and a wire connected to each other, each of the joints and the corresponding second connection end are mutually plugged along a first axial direction, each of the wires extends out from the corresponding joint along a second axial direction,
wherein the first electrode has a first flat surface, the second electrode has a second flat surface, each of the first connection ends has a third flat surface, the top surface of the substrate is parallel with the first flat surface, the second flat surface and the third flat surfaces, the first flat surface partially overlaps and contacts one of the third flat surfaces, and the second flat surface partially overlaps and contacts the other one of the third flat surfaces, wherein the third flat surfaces partially overlap and contact the top surface of the substrate at the first flat surface of the first electrode and the second flat surface of the second electrode,
wherein the pin connector has a base, the base is disposed on the substrate, and along a direction parallel to the second axial direction, a width of the substrate of the light emitting diode element is less than a width of the base of the pin connector.

US Pat. No. 10,215,387

ACOUSTIC-CONTROL LIGHT FIXTURE AND METHOD FOR MAKING AND USING

Heilux, LLC, Eden Prairi...

1. An apparatus comprising:a light system that includes one or more lighting sheets including a first lighting sheet, wherein the first lighting sheet includes a first plurality of LEDs arranged on a grid of intersecting rows and columns of electrical conductors on an insulating substrate, wherein the first plurality of LEDs emit light having a first color spectrum, wherein the first lighting sheet includes a plurality of holes through the insulating substrate of the first lighting sheet, wherein each one of the plurality of holes through the insulating substrate of the first lighting sheet is positioned between an adjacent pair of rows of electrical conductors and between an adjacent pair of columns of electrical conductors of the first lighting sheet; and
an acoustic tile, wherein the first lighting sheet is mounted to the acoustic tile.

US Pat. No. 10,215,386

DIRECTIONAL LIGHT MOUNTING SYSTEM

1. A light directing apparatus comprising:a light attached to a light mounting fixture member;
a ball stud member including a ball member having a round head on a first end and a threaded shaft on a second end, the threaded shaft mounted to the light mounting fixture;
a magnetic housing member magnetically coupling the ball member and the magnetic housing by a magnetic force of the magnetic housing, the magnetic housing having a concave mount surface to accommodate the round head of the ball stud therein allowing the ball member to move freely within the concave opening such that the light mounting fixture is rotatable in a 360 degree range around the ball member and movable 180 degrees in a latitudinal and a longitudinal direction; and
a moveable arm member affixed to the magnetic housing member,
wherein the threaded shaft of the ball stud member is configurable to lie parallel to each surface of a body of an automobile if the movable arm member is horizontal and the light directing apparatus is configured to direct light parallel to the each surface of the body of the automobile.

US Pat. No. 10,215,385

LIGHT MOUNTING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Fluence Bioengineering, ...

1. A lighting system comprising:a plurality of lighting shelves, each lighting shelf including a first end and a second end, the first end coupled with strut channels, and the second end being an open end, a width across the first end being shorter than a length from the first end to the second end;
a light housing including a plurality of light sources positioned within each lighting shelf, the light housing extending from the first end to the second end; and
a cart with a plurality of cart shelves, the cart shelves being configured to be inserted between the plurality of lighting shelves.

US Pat. No. 10,215,384

EXTENSION MODULE WITH HOUSING FOR ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS

The Pennsylvania Globe Ga...

1. An extension module for an elongate structure, the extension module comprising:a longitudinal body portion having first coupling formed on a first end thereof and a second coupling formed on a second end thereof;
a first seating surface extending from the longitudinal body and located between the first end and the second end, the first seating surface being configured to abut a first portion of the elongate structure;
a second seating surface extending from the longitudinal body and located between the first end and the second end, the second seating surface being configured to abut a second portion of the elongate structure; and
at least one mounting member extending radially outward from the longitudinal body.

US Pat. No. 10,215,383

MODULAR SYSTEM

TTP Holdings, LLC, Dalla...

1. A modular system comprising:a pod casing including a protrusion arranged on an attachment face of the pod casing;
at least one detent provided on the protrusion;
at least one removable pod accessory including an aperture configured to receive the protrusion, wherein the at least one removable pod accessory is interchangeable;
at least one locking arm provided on the at least one removable pod accessory; and
a plurality of magnets arranged in the pod casing and on the at least one removable pod accessory, the plurality of magnets configured to self-align and secure the pod casing with the at least one removable pod accessory, wherein the modular system operates without being attached to a plurality of pod accessories.

US Pat. No. 10,215,381

SWITCHGEAR CABINET LUMINAIRE COMPRISING ILLUMINANTS ON THE BASIS OF LIGHT EMITTING DIODES AND CONNECTION ELEMENT FOR CONNECTING SAID SWITCH GEAR CABINET LUMINAIRES

SEIFERT MTM SYSTEMS (MALT...

2. A connection element for coupling switchgear cabinet luminaires, the switchgear cabinet luminaires comprising illuminants on the basis of light-emitting diodes (31), consisting of an elongated luminaire housing having a housing main body (1) and a translucent cover (32) as well as electrical connection elements and means for fixing provided on the luminaire housing, characterized in that the housing main body (1) is formed in the manner of a trough, and several spaced recesses or set-back portions (2) are provided for the releasable accommodation of a pivot bearing support (3) on its bottom side and/or in the side wall region, the pivot bearing support (3) comprises two side surfaces (4) which are connected via a web (5), wherein the side surfaces (4) each comprise a receptacle (6) for a pivot shaft (7) or a respective pivot shaft stub, arms (8) are further formed which originate from the web (5), which arms are oriented towards the bottom side or the side wall region of the housing main body (1) and each converge at their free end into a detent lug or a latching hook (9) for engagement in the respective recesses or set-back portions (2), the side surfaces (4) of the pivot bearing support (3) comprise a yieldingly resilient stop edge (10) which can be brought into contact with the bottom side of the housing main body (1), wherein, in the region facing away from the stop edge (10), several latches (12) for locking the pivot angle are provided in the manner of a circular arc in the side surfaces, which latches originate radially from the receptacle (6) for the pivot shaft (7) or the pivot shaft stub (12),characterized in that the connection element consists of a hollow body (40) which is open on both sides, wherein the opposite open sides of the hollow body (40) have a cross-sectional surface which is complementary to the cross-sectional shape of the luminaire housing, such that the respective ends of the luminaire housing can be inserted into the hollow body (40) and can be locked there, wherein electrical connectors (X) are arranged in the interior of the hollow body, which connectors correspond to connectors (W; Z) in the luminaire housing, further comprising a pivotably movable pawl (Y) with a limit stop (Y1) and a blocking web (Y2), wherein the blocking web (Y2) prevents an insertion of a live switchgear cabinet luminaire until a further switchgear cabinet luminaire to be coupled is inserted into the opposite open side of the hollow body (40).

US Pat. No. 10,215,380

COUPLERS FOR LIGHT FIXTURES

Axis Lighting Inc., (CA)...

1. A kit for joining together at least a pair of light fixture segments at a joint interface therebetween to form a light fixture assembly, comprising at least a pair of complementary coupling units including at least one drive coupling unit and at least one follower coupler unit, each drive coupling unit configured to be located in an operative position in one of said light fixture segments to form a locking joint with the follower coupling unit at the joint interface defined by complementary abutment surfaces on said light fixture segments, the drive coupling unit being configured to be adjustably located in the operative position, the drive coupling unit further comprising a movable structure mounted thereon, the movable structure configured to engage the follower coupling unit to displace the follower coupling unit along a designated travel path defined by a contact surface on the movable structure toward a limit position of the movable structure, wherein the forming of the locking joint at the joint interface occurs in advance of the movable structure reaching the limit position.

US Pat. No. 10,215,379

LIGHTING SYSTEM

Dietmar Dix, Essen (DE) ...

1. A lighting system comprising:at least one lighting unit comprising
a light segment which is configured for receiving at least one lamp or comprises at least one lamp, and
at least two connecting elements that at least in sections are electrically conductive and are mechanically and electrically connected to ends of the light segment; and
at least one connector, which has at least one element circumferentially surrounding a connector middle axis and at least one electrical conductor mechanically connected to or formed by the circumferential element;
wherein respectively one of the connecting elements of the lighting unit is mechanically connected to the circumferential element of the connector and thereby the at least one lighting unit is mechanically and electrically connected to the connector,
wherein with the connector the lighting unit is arrangeable in various positions around the connector middle axis and in every position the lighting unit is mechanically and electrically connected to the connector,
wherein several lighting units are mechanically and electrically connected to a common connector, and
wherein angles in which the respective several lighting units are fitted to the common connector are largely freely selectable over a continuous angular range of at least 330° or over several continuous angular ranges of in total at least 330° around the connector middle axis.

US Pat. No. 10,215,378

LIGHT FIXTURE

Cree, Inc., Durham, NC (...

1. A mounting assembly for securing a light fixture to a static structure, the mounting assembly comprising:a hollow bar having opposite bar ends and extending therebetween, each of the opposite bar ends being secured with respect to a main body portion of the light fixture, the hollow bar comprising exterior anti-rotational surface features including parallel flutes and grooves along a gripping region between the opposite bar ends and spaced from the main body portion of the light fixture; and
a gripper attachable to the static structure and comprising first and second bar-engagement portions removably attached to each other, each of the bar-engagement portions having a semi-cylindrical bar-engaging surface with anti-rotational features including parallel flutes and grooves inter-engaged with and complementary to the exterior anti-rotational surface features along the gripping region of the hollow bar, the second bar-engagement portion being configured for attachment to the first bar-engagement portion to fully encircle and interlock with the gripping region of the hollow bar, the gripper being spaced from the opposite ends of the bar and the main body portion of the light fixture.

US Pat. No. 10,215,377

LIGHT ASSEMBLY AND A METHOD OF SECURING THE LIGHT ASSEMBLY INTO AN OPENING IN A THIN WALL

KLIK SYSTEMS LTD PTY, Ea...

1. A light assembly including a light having a body with a ramp and a threaded opening,the body having one end and another end having an outwardly extending flange, an elongated light central axis, and an outer surface having the ramp closer to the elongated light central axis at the one end of the light, and the ramp being further away from the elongated light central axis near the other end, and
a lock piece having an end, the lock piece being positioned on the body for movement along the ramp away from the one end, so that the lock piece end moves further away from the elongated central axis as the lock piece moves along the ramp away from the one end, and
the light assembly further including a like threaded stem having an elongated axis and received in the threaded opening in the light, the stem being connected to the lock piece so that, as the threaded stem rotates about its elongated axis in the threaded opening, moving away from the light one end, the stem moves the lock piece away from the one end.