US Pat. No. 10,139,524

ANTI-REFLECTIVE STRUCTURE AND METHOD FOR DESIGNING SAME

DEXERIALS CORPORATION, T...

1. A method for minimizing a chroma (?(a*2+b*2)) of reflected light from an anti-reflective structure with respect to white light, the anti-reflective structure comprising a plurality of nanostructures that are formed of projected portions on a substrate surface and provided at intervals equal to or less than a visible light wavelength, the method comprising:determining a minimum of the chroma (?(a*2+b*2)) based on a filling rate of the nanostructures and a predetermined average height of the nanostructures; and
forming the plurality of nanostructures such that the filling rate is within a range of ±5% of the filling rate at which the minimum chroma value is achieved at the predetermined height, wherein
the filling rate is a ratio of an area of a bottom surface of the nanostructures to an area of the substrate surface in a plan view of the anti-reflective structure.

US Pat. No. 10,139,523

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display substrate, comprising a base substrate, wherein at least two refractive layers are provided on the base substrate, and a gate electrode is provided on the refractive layers,wherein a refractive index of one of two adjacent refractive layers close to the base substrate is less than a refractive index of the other of two adjacent refractive layers away from the base substrate, and thicknesses of the refractive layers are n?+?/4, where ? is a wavelength of incident light, and n is a nonnegative integer, thereby reflective light rays are superposed on each other, generating a light counteraction effect and reducing reflectance,
wherein the other of two adjacent refractive layers is directly located on the one of two adjacent refractive layers, and
wherein refractive indexes of the at least two refractive layers gradually increase along a direction from the refractive layer close to the base substrate to the refractive layer away from the base substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,139,522

SILICONE ELASTOMER-SILICONE HYDROGEL HYBRID CONTACT LENSES

CooperVision Internationa...

1. A silicone elastomer-silicone hydrogel hybrid contact lens comprising:a) a silicone elastomer layer comprising an anterior side and a posterior side; and
b) a silicone hydrogel layer adhered to the posterior side of the silicone elastomer layer; wherein a delamination-resistant bond is present between the silicone elastomer layer and the silicone hydrogel layer, and wherein the silicone hydrogel layer has a percent swell of from about ?5% to less than 10%.

US Pat. No. 10,139,521

SILICONE ELASTOMER-HYDROGEL HYBRID CONTACT LENSES

CooperVision Internationa...

1. A silicone elastomer-hydrogel hybrid contact lens comprising:a) a silicone elastomer layer comprising an anterior side and a posterior side; and
b) a hydrogel layer adhered to the posterior side of the silicone elastomer layer, wherein the hydrogel layer is formed by curing a polymerizable composition comprising an elastomer-swellable monomer having an HLB value of less than 4 or a molecular weight of up to 1,200 daltons or both; and
c) a delamination-resistant bond between the silicone elastomer layer and the hydrogel layer, wherein the delamination-resistant bond is formed by the elastomer-swellable monomer.

US Pat. No. 10,139,520

METHOD OF USING A HEAT-TREATED TITANIUM NITRIDE FILM

CPFilms Inc., Fieldale, ...

1. A method for applying a titanium nitride film to a transparent contoured substrate, said method comprising:i. heating said titanium nitride film in a substantially uniform temperature environment for a specified period and at a specified temperature to form a uniformly heat-treated titanium nitride film, wherein said heating step is performed at a temperature of between 60° C. and 130° C. for a period of from 15 to 120 minutes; and
ii. applying the uniformly heat-treated titanium nitride film to the transparent contoured substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,139,519

METHOD FOR AUTOMATED ROCK PHYSICS MODELING

ExxonMobil Upstream Resea...

1. A computer-implemented method for automated rock physics modeling, comprising:(a) pre-processing log data obtained from a suite of logging tools and corresponding auxiliary information over a range of depth of a subterranean formation, the pre-processing including;
(i) dividing the log data and the corresponding auxiliary information into zones within the range of depth,
(ii) coarsening the log data and the corresponding auxiliary information by determining an average value for the log data and the corresponding auxiliary information for each zone to produce a coarsened log data and a coarsened corresponding auxiliary information over the range of depth;
(b) solving an inverse problem associated with the rock physics model with a method comprising,
(i) identifying a list of parameters associated with the range of depth within the subterranean formation,
(ii) dividing the list of parameters into a set of at least two subgroups of parameters,
(iii) perform a local inversion for each of the at least two subgroups of parameters identified in step (b)(ii) to obtain optimum values for all parameters belonging to a given subgroup,
(iv) collect the optimal values of parameters obtained in step (iii) to determine the optimal values for the list of parameters identified in step (b)(i) by comparing the local inversions from step (b)(iii) with the pre-processed log data from step (a) to identify the subgroup of parameters as the optimum set of parameters for use in a forward run of the rock physics model; and
(c) computing a set of rock mechanical properties, comprising
(i) a forward run of the rock physics model using the optimal parameters obtained in step (b)(iv) to calculate at least one of density log, a compressional velocity log and a shear velocity log,
(ii) calculating an optimized set of rock mechanical properties for the range of depth use the at least one of the calculated density, compressional velocity and shear velocity logs of step (c)(i) in a rock physics model.

US Pat. No. 10,139,518

NEUTRON GAMMA DENSITY CORRECTION USING ELEMENTAL SPECTROSCOPY

Schlumberger Technology C...

1. A method comprising:emitting neutrons into a formation using a neutron source of a downhole tool, such that at least a portion of the neutrons scatter off the formation to generate gamma-rays;
detecting a first count rate of gamma-rays using at least one gamma-ray detector of the downhole tool;
detecting a gamma-ray spectrum using the at least one gamma-ray detector of the downhole tool;
detecting a second count rate of neutrons that return to the downhole tool using a neutron detector of the downhole tool;
using a processor to perform a gamma-ray spectroscopy analysis on the formation based on the detected gamma-ray spectrum, wherein the gamma-ray spectroscopy analysis comprises determining a concentration of one or more elements that are present in the formation;
determining a correction based at least in part on results of the gamma-ray spectroscopy analysis, wherein the correction comprises the concentration each of the one or more elements multiplied by a sensitivity parameter of each of the one or more elements, and wherein the sensitivity parameter relates to a number of detected gamma-rays or neutrons per unit of the elemental concentration of the least one of the one or more elements;
subtracting the correction from the first count rate, the second count rate, or both;
determining a neutron gamma density of the formation based at least in part on a first corrected count rate of gamma-rays, a second corrected count rate of neutrons, or both; and
outputting the determined density of the formation.

US Pat. No. 10,139,517

HYBRID IMAGE OF EARTH FORMATION BASED ON TRANSIENT ELECTROMAGNETC MEASUREMENTS

BAKER HUGES, A GE COMPANY...

1. A method for steering a drill bit drilling a borehole further in an earth formation in response to imaging the earth formation, the method comprising:conveying a carrier through the borehole penetrating the formation;
inducing time-dependent electrical currents in the formation at a plurality of depths using a downhole resistivity tool disposed at the carrier;
measuring time-dependent transient electromagnetic (TEM) signals induced by the formation responsive to the electrical currents using the downhole resistivity tool;
estimating an apparent resistivity (AR) value and an apparent distance to a bedding plane (AD2B) value for each of a plurality of samples derived from the TEM measurements using a processor, wherein each sample corresponds to a discrete time window of the TEM measurements;
estimating an inversion-based resistivity (IB-R) value and an inversion-based distance to a bedding plane (IB-D2B) value at a first sample of each consecutive depth interval using the processor, wherein each depth interval comprises a plurality of consecutive samples;
determining a difference between the AR and AD2B values and the corresponding IB-R and IB-D2B values using the processor;
generating an image of the earth formation using the AR and AD2B values for the entire interval comprising the first sample using the processor if the difference is less than a threshold value at the first sample;
estimating an IB-R value and an IB-D2B value for each of the samples in the entire interval and generating an image of the earth formation using the IB-R and IB-D2B values for the entire interval comprising the first sample if the difference is greater than the threshold value using the processor; and
steering the drill bit in a selected direction in response to the image to drill the borehole further in the earth formation using a drilling system comprising a steering apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,139,516

APPARATUS AND METHODS TO FIND A POSITION IN AN UNDERGROUND FORMATION

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method comprising:positioning three or more magnetic dipoles at known positions;
determining an electric field at a receiver, located in an underground formation, in response to signals generated from the three or more magnetic dipoles located at the known positions such that there are at least three distinct planes defined respectively by location of one of the three or more magnetic dipoles and the electric field at the receiver due to the respective magnetic dipole; and
utilizing an inversion process to determine a position and an orientation of the receiver based on the known positions and a direction of the electric field, wherein a forward model of the inversion process simulates electric fields received by the receiver for different estimated positions and orientations of the receiver to determine the position and orientation of the receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,139,515

RANGING MEASUREMENTS USING MODULATED SIGNALS

Halliburton Energy Servic...

9. A system for performing ranging measurements within a formation, comprising:a transmitter;
a receiver;
a processor communicably coupled to the transmitter and the receiver; and
a memory device coupled to the processor, wherein the memory device contains a set of instructions that, when executed by the processor cause the processor to:
command the transmitter to transmit into the formation an asymmetric time-varying signal, wherein the asymmetric time-varying signal comprises a signal characteristic that is based at least in part on a downhole characteristic;
command the receiver to measure a magnetic field induced on an object within the formation by the asymmetric time-varying signal;
determine a direction to the object from a borehole based at least in part on the measurement of the induced magnetic field, wherein the measurement comprises a measurement of a spatial change in the magnetic field in a direction that has a component in a radial direction;
determine a sampling rate of the induced magnetic field based on at least one frequency of the asymmetric time-varying signal, wherein the asymmetric time-varying signal comprises a ranging signal component with a first frequency and a sign identification component with a second frequency, wherein determining the sampling rate of the induced magnetic field comprises solving the following equation:
wherein N is the number of samples, n is the sample index, ?1 and 107 2 are the first frequency and the second frequency in radians, respectively, A is an amplitude of the ranging signal component, B is an amplitude of the sign identification signal component, ?t is a period of one sample, ? is a relative phase between the transmitter and the receiver, and K(?) is a sampling kernel of an analog to digital converter system.

US Pat. No. 10,139,514

METHOD OF DETECTING THE APPROACH OF A USER'S HAND TO A VEHICLE DOOR HANDLE OR THE CONTACT OF A USER'S HAND THEREWITH, AND ASSOCIATED DETECTION DEVICE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE FR...

1. Method of detecting the approach of a user's hand toward a door handle (P) of a vehicle (V), having a first outer surface (S1) oriented toward the vehicle (V) and a second outer surface (S2) oriented toward the user, said handle (P) comprising at least one detection electrode (ED) and an additional electrode (EA), wherein said two electrodes (ED, EA) are positioned face to face in advance, said method comprises the following steps:Step 1: the detection electrode (ED) and the additional electrode (EA) are electrically connected to the same power supply source (Vcc),
Step 1b: the voltage at the terminals of the additional electrode (VEA) is reduced to a value lower than that of the supply voltage (Vcc),
Step 2: a first value (CED) of capacitance, which varies on the approach of the user's hand, is measured at the terminals of the detection electrode (ED),
Step 2b: the voltage at the terminals of the detection electrode (VED) is reduced to a value lower than that of the supply voltage (Vcc),
Step 3: a second value (CEA) of capacitance, which varies on the approach of the user's hand, is measured at the terminals of the additional electrode (EA),
Step 4: the first value (CED) and the second value (CEA) are compared, during a measurement period, with one another and/or with a predetermined threshold value (T), in order to detect the approach of a user's hand toward the first outer surface (S1) or toward the second outer surface (S2) and/or the contact of his hand with one of these surfaces.

US Pat. No. 10,139,513

DISTRIBUTED SEISMIC SOURCE ARRAY

GREENPOWERUSA INC., Chat...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a plurality of seismic sources held within a linear array in a wellbore, wherein the plurality of seismic sources are electrically connected and are comprised of a plurality of orbital vibrators which have a primary acoustic radiation pattern which is orthogonal to the wellbore and wherein each of the plurality of seismic sources is secured within the wellbore with a plurality of low friction rollers; and
means for activating a radial clamping force for each of the plurality of seismic sources within the wellbore wherein the radial clamping force is activated by energizing the plurality of seismic sources.

US Pat. No. 10,139,512

OPERATIONAL CONTROL IN A SEISMIC SOURCE

BP Corporation North Amer...

1. A method for controlling trajectory in a resonant marine seismic source, comprising:controlling a source frequency of the resonant marine seismic source, including:
estimating a source natural frequency of the resonant marine seismic source;
deriving a frequency error as a difference between the estimated source natural frequency and a frequency of the desired trajectory of the resonant marine seismic source; and
driving the frequency error to zero; and
controlling a motion trajectory of a moving part of an oscillator of the resonant marine seismic source after controlling the source frequency of the resonant marine seismic source wherein the motion trajectory of the moving part of the oscillator, wherein controlling the motion trajectory of the moving part includes:
detecting the motion trajectory of the moving part of the oscillator;
deriving a motion trajectory error as a difference between a desired motion trajectory of the moving part of the oscillator and the detected motion trajectory; and
driving the motion trajectory error to zero.

US Pat. No. 10,139,511

STAGGERED SOURCE ARRAY CONFIGURATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

CGG SERVICES SAS, Massy ...

1. A marine seismic acquisition system comprising:a first vessel that follows an inline direction (X);
a first source array (S1) configured to generate first seismic waves; and
a second source array (S2) configured to generate second seismic waves,
wherein
the first and second source arrays are towed by the first vessel parallel to and on either side of the inline direction (X),
a first inline distance (d) between (i) a first center of source (CS1) of the first source array (S1) and (ii) a second center of source (CS2) of the second source array (S2) is different from zero, and
a cross-line distance (L) between the first center of source and the second center of source, along a cross-line direction (Y) perpendicular to the inline direction, is different from zero.

US Pat. No. 10,139,510

3D BLENDING AND ILLUMINATION OF SEISMIC VOLUMES FOR AUTOMATIC DERIVATION OF DISCONTINUITIES

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:selecting plural attributes for annotating images generated from, and for interpretation of, seismic amplitude volume;
generating plural images from a set of layers of a seismic cube, each image generated using a different attribute of the plural attributes;
blending the plural images, using customized palettes and initial parameters for each of the plural images, the blending creating a blended image that illuminates discontinuities in the set of layers;
iteratively determining optimal parameters for automatic derivation of fault discontinuities on an interpreter-selected edge-enhanced sub-volume, wherein iterations are controlled and terminated based on inputs from an interpreter;
applying the optimal extraction parameters to an entire edge-enhanced volume;
isolating important extracted fault discontinuities using commercial filtering tools;
refining extracted fault patches based on received manual interpretation from the interpreter; and
converting patch results to traditional fault objects for further interpretation and refinement.

US Pat. No. 10,139,509

ENHANCED SEISMIC IMAGING SYSTEMS AND METHODS EMPLOYING MODIFIED VELOCITY MODEL CONTRASTS

CHEVRON U.S.A. INC., San...

1. A computer-implemented method for seismic imaging of a subsurface, the method being implemented in a computer system that includes one or more physical computer processors, the method comprising:obtaining, at the one or more computer processors, seismic data that includes information about geologic layer boundaries in the subsurface;
determining an initial velocity model of the subsurface wherein at least one geologic layer boundary occurs at a sharp velocity transition, wherein a velocity on a first side of the at least one geologic layer boundary is at least fifty percent higher than a velocity on a second side of the at least one geologic layer boundary;
conditioning, at the one or more computer processors, the initial velocity model to produce a conditioned velocity model, wherein the sharp velocity transition has been replaced by a gradual velocity transition including a velocity overshoot layer, where the gradual velocity transition is positioned to begin at the at least one geologic layer boundary and ramp into a geologic layer with minimal need of fine resolution of structures important for hydrocarbon exploration and the velocity overshoot layer is located inside the geologic layer with minimal need of fine resolution of structures, and wherein the velocity overshoot layer is designed to compensate for kinematic differences due to the gradual velocity transition;
using the seismic data and the conditioned velocity model to generate a seismic image of the subsurface, at the one or more computer processors; and
causing, by the one or more computer processors, an output representing with visual information of the seismic image of the subsurface, the visual information providing insight in interpreting geologic features based on the seismic image of the subsurface.

US Pat. No. 10,139,508

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR AUTOMATIC IDENTIFICATION OF FAULTS ON NOISY SEISMIC DATA

EMC IP Holding Company LL...

1. A method for identifying faults in seismic data, comprising the steps of:obtaining said seismic data;
calculating a coherence cube of said seismic data;
performing the following steps, using at least one processing device, for a plurality of two-dimensional seismic sections of the coherence cube:
(i) applying a threshold to the coherence cube to obtain a binary image representation comprising one or more continuities;
(ii) identifying edges of continuity areas in the binary image representation to identify changes in said one or more continuities as fault point candidates;
(iii) identifying fault points in the obtained seismic data based on a fault confidence value above a specific threshold, indicating a likelihood that a given point is part of a fault;
(iv) creating one or more fault segments from the identified fault points; and
(v) joining one or more fault segments into one or more fault lines using one or more of geological and geometrical constraints; and
generating, using the at least one processing device, one or more three-dimensional fault surfaces from said one or more fault lines in said plurality of two-dimensional seismic sections.

US Pat. No. 10,139,507

SEISMIC STRATIGRAPHIC SURFACE CLASSIFICATION

ExxonMobil Upstream Resea...

1. A method to classify one or more seismic surfaces or surface patches based on measurements from seismic data, comprising:obtaining, by a computer, a training set including a plurality of previously obtained and labeled seismic surfaces or surface patches and one or more training seismic attributes measured or calculated at, above, and/or below the seismic surfaces;
obtaining, by the computer, one or more unclassified seismic surfaces or surface patches and one or more seismic attributes measured or calculated at, above, and/or below the unclassified seismic surfaces, wherein the one or more seismic attributes includes a single boundary measure of attribute contrast above and below a seismic surface or surface patch of the plurality of previously obtained and labeled seismic surfaces or surface patches, such that the single boundary measure represents the collapsing of stratigraphically diagnostic seismic facies information into said single boundary measure;
learning, by the computer, a classification model from the previously obtained and labeled seismic surfaces or surface patches and the one or more training seismic attributes, wherein the classification model is based at least in part on the single boundary measure of attribute contrast; and
classifying, by the computer, the unclassified seismic surfaces or surface patches based on the application of the classification model to the unclassified seismic surfaces or surface patches.

US Pat. No. 10,139,506

SEISMIC SENSOR

BP EXPLORATION OPERATING ...

1. A seismic survey apparatus comprising:a body;
a proof mass;
at least one sensor arranged to detect movement of the proof mass relative to the body, wherein the sensor comprises one or more piezoelectric elements arranged to detect the movement of the proof mass:
electronic circuitry connected to the at least one sensor, the electronic circuitry being configured to receive and process an output of the sensor; and
a power supply configured to provide electrical power to the electronic circuitry, wherein the power supply is an integral part of the proof mass, and wherein at least 75% of the proof mass by weight or by volume is provided by the power supply.

US Pat. No. 10,139,505

DIGITAL SENSOR STREAMERS AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF

PGS GEOPHYSICAL AS, Oslo...

1. A geophysical survey system, comprising:at least one streamer having a plurality of spaced apart sensor units, at least one of the sensor units including at least one digital hydrophone sensor, the hydrophone sensor comprising a piezoelectric sensing element and employing a quantized feedback loop to produce a digital output signal, wherein the quantized feedback loop is configured to exert a quantized force on the piezoelectric sensing element; and
a data recording system configured to collect and store data from the sensor units.

US Pat. No. 10,139,504

DISTRIBUTED SEISMIC SOURCE ARRAY FOR USE IN MARINE ENVIRONMENTS

GREENPOWERUSA INC., Chat...

1. A marine sound source configured for use in a marine environment, comprising:one or more moveable plates;
a rotary motor;
a connection means between the rotary motor and the one or more moveable plates configured to translate rotary motion of the motor into linear motion of the one or more moveable plates; and
means for varying an amount of linear displacement of the one or more moveable plates;
wherein the amount of linear displacement can be changed independently of the speed of rotation of the rotary motor.

US Pat. No. 10,139,503

DOUBLY RESONANT SEISMIC SOURCE

TELEDYNE INSTRUMENTS, INC...

1. A sound source, comprising:a first gas filled resonator;
a second gas filled resonator connected to the first gas filled resonator; and
at least one excitation member configured to excite the first gas filled resonator and the second gas filled resonator;
wherein the first gas filled resonator is tuned, via a first inelastic device that surrounds at least a portion of the first gas filled resonator, to produce a first resonant frequency upon excitation by the at least one excitation member;
wherein the second gas filled resonator is tuned, via a second inelastic device that surrounds at least a portion of the second qas filled resonator, to produce a second resonant frequency upon excitation by the at least one excitation member; and
wherein the first resonant frequency is at a first edge of a frequency band and the second resonant frequency is at a second edge of the frequency band.

US Pat. No. 10,139,502

CALIBRATING TIME IN PET DEVICE

Shenyang Neusoft Medical ...

1. A method of calibrating time in a Positron Emission Computed Tomography (PET) device, the method comprising:determining a rising edge slope of an electrical signal corresponding to a photon which is detected by a detector of the PET device when the PET device is used to scan a part of a subject to be examined;
determining a time shift corresponding to the rising edge slope based on a correspondence between the rising edge slope and the time shift;
calibrating time information of the photon based on the time shift; and
reconstructing a PET image of the part of the subject to be examined based on the calibrated time information of the photon.

US Pat. No. 10,139,501

BORON COATED STRAWS FOR NEUTRON DETECTION WITH PIE-SHAPED CROSS-SECTION

1. An improved boron-coated straw detector system comprising a boron-coated straw having a diameter and a plurality of septa extending radially inward from an inner surface of the straw, each septum having a boron-coating on two sides and a length of about 0.25 times the straw diameter or less, wherein each septum is within about 5% difference in length.

US Pat. No. 10,139,500

SEMICONDUCTOR X-RAY DETECTOR CAPABLE OF DARK CURRENT CORRECTION

SHENZHEN XPECTVISION TECH...

1. A method to measure an intensity distribution of X-ray using an X-ray detector, the method comprising:determining values of dark current at at least three locations on the X-ray detector, wherein the three locations are not on a straight line;
determining a spatial variation of absorptance of the X-ray using the values of the dark current;
measuring an apparent intensity distribution of the X-ray;
determining the intensity distribution by removing a contribution of the spatial variation the absorptance from the apparent intensity distribution;
wherein the spatial variation of absorptance is caused by thickness variation of an X-ray absorption layer of the X-ray detector.

US Pat. No. 10,139,499

RADIATION IMAGING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING SAME

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A radiation imaging apparatus, comprising:a sensor configured to convert irradiated radiation into a charge in accordance with a radiation dose;
a switching power supply configured to supply power to at least the sensor;
a readout unit configured to readout a signal corresponding to the charge from the sensor in synchronism with an imaging synchronization signal and a control clock for a switching operation of the switching power supply; and
an adjustment unit configured to adjust a phase of the control clock in each cycle of the imaging synchronization signal so that the timing of the imaging synchronization signal that occurs cyclically is at the same phase with respect to the control clock, wherein
the adjustment unit determines an adjustment amount for the phase based on a difference between an interval of the imaging synchronization signal and an interval of a readout of one line wire by the readout unit.

US Pat. No. 10,139,498

RADIATION MEASUREMENT APPARATUS AND METHOD

Johnson Matthey Public Li...

1. A subsea apparatus for measuring radiation, comprising:a plurality of detectors, each detector comprising:
a scintillating material configured to emit light in response to incident radiation, and
a photodetector configured to receive light emitted by the scintillating material and output an electrical pulse in response to light received from the scintillating material, a parameter characterizing the electrical pulse being related to an energy associated with the incident radiation; and
a power supply configured to supply power to a plurality of said photodetectors connected in parallel to the at least one power supply.

US Pat. No. 10,139,497

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR READING AN IMAGING PLATE

1. A device configured to read an exposed imaging plate, comprisinga light-source configured to generate read-out light,
a deflection unit configured to direct the read-out light in a scanning movement over the imaging plate, wherein the deflection unit comprises a micromirror configured to deflect impinging read-out light towards the imaging plate, and wherein the micromirror is configured to swivel about a first swivel axis and about a second swivel axis that is distinct from the first swivel axis,
a control unit that is configured to generate periodic pulses which excite the micromirror such that it oscillates with a first frequency about the first swivel axis and simultaneously with a second frequency, which is distinct from the first frequency, about the second swivel axis,
a detector unit configured to detect fluorescent light which is emitted from the imaging plate at locations where the read-out light impinges.

US Pat. No. 10,139,496

MULTI-RADIATION IDENTIFICATION AND DOSIMETRY SYSTEM AND METHOD

MIRION TECHNOLOGIES (CANB...

1. A multi-radiation identification and dosimetry system comprising:(a) segmented silicon drift detector (SSDD);
(b) radiation scintillation detector (RSD);
(c) radiation detection chamber (RDC);
(d) time stamping differentiator (TSD); and
(e) computing control device (CCD);
wherein:
said SSDD is attached to said RSD with a SSDD-to-RSD mechanical coupler;
said SSDD and said RSD are contained within said RDC;
said SSDD comprises a plurality of segmented detection regions (SDR);
said SSDD comprises an anode side and a cathode side;
said SSDD cathode side is directed toward a radiation inspection surface (RIS) to be inspected for radiation contamination;
said SSDD anode side is configured to contact said SSDD-to-RSD mechanical coupler;
said TSD is electrically coupled to said SSDD and said RSD and configured to collect and time-stamp charge data collected from directly absorbed radiation within each of said SDR and visual photons in said RSD that reach all of said SDR simultaneously; and
said CCD is configured to determine a radiation type associated with said time-stamped charge data collected from said TSD and present counts associated with said radiation type on a display device.

US Pat. No. 10,139,495

SHELVING AND PACKAGE LOCATING SYSTEMS FOR DELIVERY VEHICLES

Hand Held Products, Inc.,...

1. A delivery-vehicle shelving system, comprising:a vehicle for transporting packages;
one or more shelves within the vehicle for storing the packages during delivery, each package associated with corresponding delivery-location information, the one or more shelves having indicators comprising a light source and bearing decodable indicia corresponding to respective locations on the one or more shelves;
an indicia-reading device for (i) scanning the packages that are loaded onto the one or more shelves, (ii) scanning the decodable indicia to associate each package with the package's shelf location on the one or more shelves wherein the shelf location is coded within the decodable indicia, (iii) transmitting the corresponding package shelf location information, and (iv) transmitting the corresponding package delivery-location information;
a GPS receiver for detecting a location of the vehicle and transmitting corresponding vehicle-location information; and
a computer in communication with the indicia-reading device and the GPS receiver, the computer including a central processing unit and memory;
wherein the computer's central processing unit is configured to receive (i) the package shelf location information for the packages that have been loaded onto the vehicle from the indicia-reading device, (ii) the delivery-location information for the packages that have been loaded onto the vehicle from the indicia-reading device, and (iii) the vehicle-location information from the GPS receiver;
wherein, in response to receiving the vehicle-location information, the central processing unit is configured to identify the package shelf location information for one of the packages when that package's delivery-location information is within a predetermined geographic range of the vehicle-location information received; and
wherein the central processing unit is configured to provide a prompt comprising the identified package shelf location information to a driver of the vehicle via, at least, the indicators.

US Pat. No. 10,139,494

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MEASURING POSITION INFORMATION OF ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A portable communication device comprising:a global navigation satellite system (GNSS) module;
one or more sensors; and
a processor adapted to:
identify, using the GNSS module, a first position of the portable communication device,
in response to identifying the first position using the GNSS module, inactivate the GNSS module and detect, using at least one sensor of the one or more sensors, a motion or a direction of the portable communication device, and
adjust a duty cycle to be used for the GNSS module to update a position for the portable communication device from the first position to a second position, the adjusting based at least in part on the motion or the direction of the portable communication device.

US Pat. No. 10,139,493

ROTOR SAFETY SYSTEM

NEAR EARTH AUTONOMY, INC....

1. A rotorcraft comprising:a rotor; and
a rotor safety system that comprises:
a lidar scanner attached to the rotorcraft for continuously scanning a space around the rotor during a near-ground operation of the rotorcraft;
a computer system in communication with the lidar scanner for detecting objects that pose a threat of contacting the rotor during the near-ground operation of the rotorcraft based on time-stamped lidar point data from the lidar scanner, wherein the computer system detects whether an object poses a threat of contacting the rotor by:
generating a series of time-stamped point clouds from the time-stamped lidar point data, wherein the series of time-stamped point clouds indicate a location of the object in a vicinity of the rotor at different time stamp instances;
determining a relative velocity of the object relative to the rotor based on movement of the object relative to the rotor over the series of time-stamped point clouds; and
determining, based on the determined relative velocity of object, that the object poses a threat of contacting the rotor when it is determined that the object will be within a threshold distance of the rotor within a threshold time period; and
reaction means in communication with the computer system for taking a reaction in response to detection by the computer system that the object poses a threat of contacting the rotor.

US Pat. No. 10,139,492

RADAR SYSTEMS WITH DUAL FIBER COUPLED LASERS

Nikon Corporation, Tokyo...

1. A apparatus, comprising:a dual wavelength fiber-optic transmitter and receiver system that includes:
first and second lasers coupled to provide a combined beam to an input/output optical fiber,
a reference length coupled to receive a portion of the combined beam and to couple a reference beam to a reference fiber, and
a thermally controlled enclosure configured to retain at least the reference length; and
a beam shaping optical system coupled to receive the combined beam from the input/output optical fiber of the dual wavelength fiber-optic transmitter and receiver system, the beam shaping optical system including a beam focusing lens and at least one translatable focus adjustment optical element configured to focus a dual wavelength probe beam at a target surface.

US Pat. No. 10,139,491

VEHICLE-MOUNTED DEVICE AND VEHICLE-MOUNTED RANGING SYSTEM

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A vehicle-mounted device mounted on a first vehicle, the first vehicle including: a first electromagnetic wave ranging sensor that successively transmits a first transmission wave as an electromagnetic wave, receives a first reflected wave produced when the first transmission wave is reflected off an object, and measures a distance to the object based on information of the first transmission wave and the first reflected wave; and a first wireless communication device that receives transmission time frame information indicating a time frame when a second electromagnetic wave ranging sensor that is a ranging sensor mounted on a second vehicle and transmits a second transmission wave that may be received by the first electromagnetic wave ranging sensor transmits the second transmission wave, by wireless communication with a second wireless communication device mounted on the second vehicle,the vehicle-mounted device comprising:
an interference determination unit that determines whether or not an interference state where the first electromagnetic wave ranging sensor may receive the second transmission wave is present, based on the transmission time frame information received by the first wireless communication device, and reception duration information indicating a reception duration during which the first electromagnetic wave ranging sensor may receive the first reflected wave; and
a sensor control unit that controls transmission timing for transmitting the first transmission wave from the first electromagnetic wave ranging sensor and the reception duration, and changes the transmission timing and the reception duration so as to avoid the interference state, when the interference determination unit determines that the interference state is present, wherein
the first wireless communication device is adapted to receive a ranging end signal indicating an end of distance measurement in which the second electromagnetic wave ranging sensor transmits the second transmission wave, by communication with the second wireless communication device, and
the sensor control unit suspends transmission of the first transmission wave and reception of the first reflected wave, when the interference determination unit determines that the interference state is present, and resumes the transmission of the first transmission wave and the reception of the first reflected wave after the first wireless communication device receives the ranging end signal.

US Pat. No. 10,139,490

FAULT TOLERANT POWER LIFTGATE OBSTRUCTION DETECTION SYSTEM

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for detecting an obstruction in the path of a vehicle access control member moving from an open position to a closed position, comprising the steps of:transmitting a detection signal along an edge of the vehicle access control member towards a reflective surface mounted on the vehicle access control member, the detection signal including a first sequence of pulses, each pulse of the first sequence of pulses having a different amplitude and the amplitudes of the first sequence of pulses varying linearly moving from a first pulse of the first sequence of pulses to a final pulse of the first sequence of pulses;
receiving a detection response signal corresponding to the detection signal following reflection of the detection signal by one of the reflective surface and the obstruction, the detection response signal including a second sequence of pulses each having an amplitude; and,
generating an obstruction signal indicative of whether or not the obstruction is in the path of the vehicle access control member responsive to differences in amplitude between amplitudes of adjacent pulses in the second sequence of pulses.

US Pat. No. 10,139,489

MODULAR PORTABLE ULTRASOUND SYSTEMS

Teratech Corporation, Bu...

1. An ultrasound imaging system including a mobile cart for a portable ultrasound display and processing device, the ultrasound imaging system comprising:a handheld display and image processor housing having a first electrical connector;
a computer within the handheld display and image processor housing;
a touch screen graphical user interface operable on the display and image processor housing, the display being mounted within the handheld display and image processor housing over the computer such that a user can view and operate the display;
a virtual control panel to actuate an ultrasound imaging operation using the display within the handheld display and image processor housing;
a beamformer within the handheld display and image processor housing, the beamformer being connected to receive image signals from a transducer connector during an imaging procedure;
a memory and a battery within the handheld display and image processor housing;
a base assembly having a second electrical connector configured to electrically connect to the handheld display and image processor housing that can be detachably mounted onto the base assembly such that the handheld display and image processor housing is powered by the battery, the second electrical connector including an external network connection and wherein the base assembly supports a control panel that separately operates the handheld display and image processor housing;
a plurality of tranducer connection ports such that a plurality of transducers electrically connect to the ultrasound imaging system, wherein each transducer connection port comprises a transmit and receive integrated circuit; and
a cart on which the base assembly is mounted, the cart carrying a direct current (DC) source electrically connectable to the handheld display and image processor housing and further including a wheel assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,139,488

MEASUREMENT APPARATUS, MEASUREMENT SYSTEM, PROGRAM AND CONTROL METHOD

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A measurement apparatus which is installed in an underwater vehicle, comprising:a receiving antenna which receives an electromagnetic wave signal, which is outputted by a signal outputting apparatus into a water with a first frequency, in the water;
a hydrophone which receives a sound signal, which is outputted by the signal outputting apparatus into the water with a second frequency, in the water; and
at least one hardware processor configured to:
calculate a frequency of the electromagnetic wave signal which is received by the receiving antenna, and a frequency of the sound signal which is received by the hydrophone; and
calculate a relative speed of the underwater vehicle on a basis of a relation between the first frequency and the second frequency, and on a basis of the frequencies of the electromagnetic wave signal and the sound signal which are calculated.

US Pat. No. 10,139,486

SYSTEM FOR PREDICTING PATH OF CONVECTIVE CELL AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

KOREA METEOROLOGICAL ADMI...

1. A system for predicting a path of a convective cell, comprising:a weather radar center system, comprised of a computer and a weather radar, which is configured to store a radar image detected from the weather radar and detect one or more convective cells present in the radar image, and transmit information about one or more convective cells that are detected including a property information of a 3-dimensional reflectivity cell and a property information of a 2-dimensional reflectivity cell to a terminal; and
the terminal, wherein the terminal is configured to predict development of the convective cell based on linear increase or decrease on the basis of the information of one or more convective cells transmitted and a preset past information about a convective cell tracked in the past, and display a development prediction result of one or more convective cells,
wherein the property information of the 3-dimensional reflectivity cell comprises a 3-dimensional center position and a volume, and
wherein the property information of the 2-dimensional reflectivity cell comprises a center position and an area.

US Pat. No. 10,139,485

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR COLLISION RISK MANAGEMENT FOR VEHICLES

1. A method for collision risk management pertaining to a vehicle comprising portions projecting outside a basic configuration of said vehicle, comprising the steps of:determining a surrounding configuration as basis for collision risk determination;
determining a total vehicle configuration based on presence of portions projecting outside said basic configuration;
determining if collision risk is present at the thus determined surrounding configuration and the thus determined total vehicle configuration;
for an operator of the vehicle, indicating the thus determined collision risk;
determining suggested measures for managing the thus determined collision risk; and
presenting the thus determined suggested measures for said operator, wherein said suggested measures comprise changes of the propulsion of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,139,484

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR WIRELESS DISTANCE MEASUREMENT

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for operating a second wireless device in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:receiving a first signal for distance measurement transmitted from a first wireless device;
receiving a reflected signal, wherein the reflected signal is the first signal reflected by a reflector;
estimating a distance between the second wireless device and the reflector, wherein:
the first signal comprises a beam signal transmitted to the reflector and a sidelobe signal of the beam signal, and
the distance is estimated based on a reception time difference between the sidelobe signal and the reflected signal;
determining an accuracy for the distance based on a correlation peak regarding the reflected signal; and
displaying the estimated distance on a screen of the second wireless device.

US Pat. No. 10,139,483

HYBRID PULSE COMPRESSION WAVEFORM FOR HIGH RESOLUTION IMAGING

Scidea Research, Inc., T...

1. A target detection system, the system comprising:a signal generator configured to generate a poly-phase code waveform and a partially randomized poly-phase code waveform;
a transmitter configured to transmit the poly-phase code waveform and the partially randomized poly-phase code waveform;
a receiver configured to receive a reflected version of the poly-phase code waveform and a reflected version of the partially randomized poly-phase code waveform;
a processor in communication with the receiver and the signal generator and configured with specific computer-executable instructions to:
process the reflected version of the poly-phase code waveform using the generated poly-phase code waveform to form a processed poly-phase code waveform;
process the reflected version of the partially randomized poly-phase code waveform using the generated partially randomized poly-phase code waveform to form a processed partially randomized poly-phase code waveform; and
combine the processed poly-phase code waveform and the processed partially randomized poly-phase code waveform to form a hybrid waveform; and
a display device configured to display a graphical representation of the hybrid waveform in a user interface.

US Pat. No. 10,139,482

LOCATION IDENTIFICATION APPARATUS AND COMMUNICATION TERMINAL

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A location identification apparatus comprising:a receiver to receive a distance packet including, as a start-point distance, a distance between a start-point terminal, which is a communication terminal, and a start-point point, which is an access point detected by the start-point terminal, including, as an end-point distance, a distance between an end-point terminal, which is a communication terminal different from the start-point terminal, and an end-point point, which is an access point detected by the end-point terminal, and including, as a terminal distance, a distance between each other of a plurality of communication terminals including the start-point terminal and the end-point terminal; and
a processing circuitry to identify a location of each communication terminal based on the start-point distance, the end-point distance, and the terminal distance which are included in the received distance packet, coordinate values of the start-point point, and coordinate values of the end-point point.

US Pat. No. 10,139,481

RADIO COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND DISTANCE MEASURING METHOD

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A radio communication system in which radio communication is carried out between an in-vehicle communication device, mounted in a vehicle, and a radio communication terminal to detect a relative distance therebetween, the radio communication system comprising:an output control unit configured to send an output intensity maintaining request that requests a sending radio wave intensity of the radio communication terminal be maintained at a predetermined intensity;
a communication portion, provided in the radio communication terminal, configured to: communicate according to a protocol of general-purpose communication network, make variable the sending radio wave intensity, set the sending radio wave intensity at predetermined intensity when the output intensity maintaining request is received, and send a measuring signal according to the protocol; and
a measuring unit, provided in the in-vehicle communication device, configured to calculate a distance to the radio communication terminal based on a reception radio wave intensity of the measuring signal that is sent from the radio communication terminal with the predetermined intensity.

US Pat. No. 10,139,480

ULTRASOUND TRANSDUCER WITH DATA COMPRESSION

FUJIFILM SonoSite, Inc., ...

1. A transducer for an ultrasound imaging system, comprising:an array of transducer elements;
an analog-to-digital converter configured to convert analog signals produced by the transducer elements into corresponding digital samples encoded with a first number of bits;
a memory for storing digital samples associated with a frame of ultrasound data; and
a logic circuit configured to
compress the digital ultrasound data by calculating differences between the samples and to encode the differences with a second number of bits that is less than the first number of bits; and
transmit a packet that includes differences encoded with the second number of bits and an overflow portion that encodes the differences that are too large to be encoded with the second number of bits;
wherein the logic circuit is configured to calculate a histogram of difference values and select the second number of bits as the smallest number of bits that will encode the most common difference values determined from the histogram and wherein the packet includes a second header that defines a number of bits used to encode the differences that are too large to be encoded with the second number of bits.

US Pat. No. 10,139,479

SUPERPIXEL ARRAY OF PIEZOELECTRIC ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCERS FOR 2-D BEAMFORMING

QUALCOMM INCORPORATED, S...

1. An apparatus comprising:an array of piezoelectric ultrasonic transducer elements, the array including a plurality of superpixel regions, each superpixel region including at least two pixel sets, a first pixel set of the at least two pixel sets being disposed in a central portion of the superpixel region, and at least a second pixel set being disposed in an outer portion of the superpixel region;
transceiver electronics; and
an electrical coupling between the transceiver electronics and the array; wherein
the transceiver electronics is configured to operate the array in a selectable one of a first mode and a second mode;
in the first mode, the array generates a substantially plane ultrasonic wave having a first acoustic pressure;
in the second mode, the array generates, from each superpixel region, a focused beam having a second acoustic pressure that is substantially higher than the first acoustic pressure;
the superpixel region includes seven pixels arranged on a hexagonal lattice so as to form a hexagon;
the first pixel set includes one center pixel disposed proximate to a center of the hexagon;
the second pixel set includes six pixels, each disposed in the outer portion of the superpixel region approximately equidistant from the center pixel;
the transceiver electronics and the array includes a first fixedly configured conductive path connecting pixels in the first pixel set with a first drive input terminal and a second fixedly configured conductive path connecting pixels in the second pixel set with a second drive input terminal, the first drive input terminal and the second drive input terminal being coupled with the transceiver electronics; and
the first pixel set is actuated separately from the second pixel set with a transmission signal having a controllable phase and/or time delay.

US Pat. No. 10,139,478

TIME VARYING GAIN IN AN OPTICAL DETECTOR OPERATING IN A LIDAR SYSTEM

LUMINAR TECHNOLOGIES, INC...

1. A lidar system comprising:a light source configured to emit a light pulse; and
a receiver configured to detect light from the light pulse scattered by a remote target, the receiver including:
a photodetector that detects an optical signal corresponding to the light; and
a light pulse-detection circuit configured to convert the optical signal to an electrical signal and to detect whether the converted electrical signal is indicative of the light pulse scattered by the remote target, the light pulse-detection circuit including:
a gain circuit configured to amplify the converted electrical signal by a predetermined amplification amount that varies according to an amount of time that has elapsed since the light pulse has been emitted, wherein within a threshold time period T1 since the light pulse has been emitted the gain circuit operates in a low-gain mode having the predetermined amplification amount below a threshold value, and within a threshold time period T2 after the threshold time period T1 has elapsed, the gain circuit switches to a high-gain mode having the predetermined amplification amount at or above the threshold value, and
a comparison circuit configured to compare the amplified electrical signal to a threshold amount to determine whether the amplified electrical signal is indicative of the light pulse scattered by the remote target.

US Pat. No. 10,139,477

ERRONEOUS DETECTION RESTRAINING CIRCUIT FOR LASER RANGE FINDER

OPTEX CO., LTD., Shiga (...

1. An erroneous detection restraining circuit for a laser range finder in which each reflected light reflected by at least one object of pulsed laser light emitted by a light emitting element reaches a light receiving element, and distance information to the at least one object is acquired based on an amount of time from a light emission starting time for the pulsed laser light to an output starting time from the light receiving element,the erroneous detection restraining circuit comprising:
a comparator configured to receive as inputs a threshold and a light-reception output from the light receiving element;
a time measuring section configured to measure time elapsed since the light emission starting time for the pulsed laser light; and
a setting changing section configured to change either one or both of the threshold and an amplification factor of the comparator for the light-reception output in accordance with a time measurement value obtained by the time measuring section.

US Pat. No. 10,139,476

ROTARY SCANNER, OPTO-MECHANICAL ASSEMBLY THEREFORE, AND METHOD OF MODIFYING AN ELEVATION ANGLE OF AN OPTICAL BEAM

1. A rotary scanner comprising:a housing;
a motor fixedly mounted relative to the housing;
a structure being rotatably mounted to the housing so as to be rotatable about a rotation axis by the motor during use;
a reflector assembly being mounted to the structure via a pivot joint so as to be pivotable around a pivot axis between a rest angle and at least one other angle, the reflector assembly being biased to the rest angle, the pivot axis being perpendicular to the rotation axis, the reflector assembly having a reflector plane parallel to the pivot axis, the reflector assembly having a body, a reflector receiver and a reflector received in the reflector receiver, the body having a moment of inertia relative to the rotation axis which is substantially greater than a moment of inertia of both the reflector receiver and the reflector;
an optical source fixedly mounted relative to the housing and being operable to emit an optical beam along the rotation axis and towards the reflector assembly during use; and
a control interface being configured to control a rotation speed of the motor between a first rotation speed and at least one other rotation speed, the reflector assembly being configured to remain biased to the rest angle when the rotation speed of the motor is the first rotation speed and being configured to pivot from the rest angle to the at least one other angle when the rotation speed of the motor is the at least one other rotation speed.

US Pat. No. 10,139,475

DISTANCE DETECTION APPARATUS FOR ACQUIRING DISTANCE INFORMATION HAVING VARIABLE SPATIAL RESOLUTION AND IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A distance detection apparatus comprising:a light source configured to output light to detect a distance to an external object;
a scanner configured to perform scanning in a first direction and scanning in a second direction and to output the output light to an external scan area;
a light detector configured to receive light from the scan area;
a processor configured to detect the distance to the external object within the external scan area based on the output light and the received light;
a sampler configured to sample an electrical signal output from the light detector,
wherein the processor:
performs control to vary a frame rate of the scanner; and
acquires distance information having varied spatial resolution of the external object according to variation of the frame rate of the scanner,
wherein, in order to acquire the distance information having varied spatial resolution of the external object, the processor performs control to vary a sampling rate of the sampler.

US Pat. No. 10,139,474

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR PROVIDING LIVE WEATHER DATA ONBOARD AN AIRCRAFT

HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL I...

1. A method for presenting weather information onboard an aircraft, the method comprising:obtaining, by at least one processor, a first set of weather data from an aircraft onboard radar system;
obtaining a current flight plan comprising a set of waypoints, by the at least one processor;
determining a swath extending to sides of the current flight plan defined by the set of waypoints;
based on the current flight plan and the swath, automatically requesting a second set of weather data for areas extending beyond an operating range of the aircraft onboard radar system;
in response to automatically requesting the second set of weather data, obtaining, by the at least one processor via a communication device, the second set of weather data from external sources including at least one of one or more external aircraft, a satellite, a remote server, and a ground-based weather station, wherein the communication device is compatible with a communication protocol for the external sources, and wherein the communication protocol comprises at least one of a datalink communication protocol, a satellite communication protocol, a very high frequency (VHF) radio communication protocol, and a transponder communication protocol;
presenting graphical elements comprising a first set of graphical elements associated with the first set of weather data and a second set of graphical elements associated with the second set of weather data, via a display device communicatively coupled to the at least one processor, wherein the second set of graphical elements include visual characteristics distinguishable from the first set of graphical elements;
detecting a rain attenuation area, by the at least one processor via the aircraft onboard radar system;
in response to detecting the rain attenuation area, automatically requesting a third set of weather data for the rain attenuation area, wherein the third set of weather data is requested from the external sources; and
presenting rain attenuation area graphical elements, via the display device, wherein the rain attenuation graphical elements comprise at least a rain attenuation demarcation indicating weather occluded connected radar, wherein the second set of graphical elements comprise the rain attenuation area graphical elements, and wherein the rain attenuation area graphical elements include visual characteristics distinguishable from the first set of graphical elements.

US Pat. No. 10,139,473

RADAR APPARATUS INCLUDING TRANSMITTING ANTENNA AND RECEIVING ANTENNA

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A radar apparatus comprising:a transmitting antenna;
a receiving antenna;
transmitting circuitry which generates a radar signal and transmits the radar signal through the transmitting antenna;
receiving circuitry which receives the radar signal reflected by an object through the receiving antenna;
a storage which stores an identification code unique to the radar apparatus and a plurality of spread codes; and
control circuitry which selects one of the plurality of spread codes, wherein
the radar signal includes a plurality of periodic frames,
each of the frames includes first and second segments,
the first segment includes a first spread signal which is obtained by multiplication of a predetermined reference signal by at least a part of the selected spread code,
the second segment includes a second spread signal which is obtained by multiplication of the identification code by at least the part of the selected spread code, and
the control circuitry calculates a first correlation value between the received radar signal and the first spread signal, calculates a second correlation value between the received radar signal and the second spread signal, and selects another one of the plurality of spread codes on a basis of temporal positions and magnitudes of peaks of the first and second correlation values in each frame.

US Pat. No. 10,139,472

EXTENSIBLE OBJECT LOCATION SYSTEM AND METHOD USING MULTIPLE REFERENCES

ZIH Corp., Lincolnshire,...

1. A method comprising:defining a first zone within a monitored area, a first group of receivers covering the first zone;
defining a second zone within the monitored area, a second group of receivers covering the second zone;
determining, via a processor, (i) a first position of a first tag based on a first set of timing measurements obtained via the first group of receivers, and (ii) a second position of the first tag based on a second set of timing measurements obtained via the second group of receivers;
determining, via the processor, whether the first position indicates that the first tag is within the first zone;
when the first position indicates that the first tag is within the first zone, reporting data associated with the first tag; and
when the first position indicates that the first tag is not within the first zone, discarding the first position.

US Pat. No. 10,139,471

SUPPORTING A COLLABORATIVE COLLECTION OF DATA

HERE Global B.V., Eindho...

1. A method comprising, performed by at least one apparatus:obtaining fingerprints that have been collected by a plurality of mobile devices at a particular site for supporting a positioning of other mobile devices, each fingerprint comprising results of measurements on radio signals of at least one communication node at a particular location and an indication of the particular location;
generating feedback information based on the obtained fingerprints as a whole for coordinating a collection of fingerprints by the plurality of mobile devices, wherein the feedback information relates to a coverage of the obtained fingerprints collected from the plurality of mobile devices; and
transmitting the feedback information to the plurality of mobile devices for presentation to users of the mobile devices.

US Pat. No. 10,139,470

SOUND PROCESSING APPARATUS AND SOUND PROCESSING METHOD

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A sound processing apparatus comprising:a sound collection position calculating unit configured to calculate sound collection positions of sound signals of multiple channels on the basis of the sound signals;
a sound source direction calculating unit configured to calculate sound source directions respectively corresponding to the multiple channels on the basis of the sound signals of the multiple channels;
a first transfer function calculating unit configured to calculate first transfer functions respectively corresponding to the sound source directions on the basis of the sound signals of the multiple channels; and
a second transfer function calculating unit configured to calculate a second transfer function by interpolating the first transfer functions between the sound source directions.

US Pat. No. 10,139,469

UNDERWATER HOMING SYSTEM

1. An ultrasonic homing assembly configured to direct a diver toward a boat anchor, said assembly comprising:a base unit configured to be coupled to the boat anchor;
a base processor coupled to said base unit;
a transmitter coupled to said base unit, said transmitter being operationally coupled to said processor, said transmitter transmitting a location signal;
a remote unit configured to be worn by the diver;
a remote processor coupled to said remote unit;
a receiver coupled to said remote unit, said receiver being operationally coupled to said remote processor, said receiver receiving said location signal from said transmitter;
a display coupled to said remote unit, said display being operationally coupled to said processor, said display directing the diver toward said base unit such that the diver swims toward the boat anchor;
wherein a ring coupled to a first end of said base unit, said ring being coupled to the boat anchor such that said base unit is retained on the boat anchor.

US Pat. No. 10,139,468

PLANAR TRANSMISSION-LINE PERMITTIVITY SENSOR AND CALIBRATION METHOD FOR THE CHARACTERIZATION OF LIQUIDS, POWDERS AND SEMISOLID MATERIALS

The United States of Amer...

1. A system for measuring a permittivity of a sample, comprising:A sensor apparatus comprising:
(1) a substrate;
(2) two straight planar transmission lines parallel to each other having different planar lengths l1 and l2 and formed on a top side of said substrate,
(3) two feed lines formed on the bottom of said substrate, wherein said two feedlines are connected to said two straight planar transmissions lines on the top side of said substrate through a via, wherein said sensor apparatus is configured to accept a sample on the top side of said substrate that covers said two straight planar transmission lines; and
a two port radiofrequency source and vector measurement unit connected to said feed lines via planar transmission line-to-coaxial line transitions and a first RF switch at one of the two ports and a second RF switch at the other of the two ports of said two port radiofrequeney source and vector measurement unit.

US Pat. No. 10,139,467

ADJUSTMENT OF THE TABLE POSITION IN MR IMAGING

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A method for controlling an initial table position of an examination table, adapted to receive an examination object thereon, in a magnetic resonance scanner, comprising:from a control computer, operating the magnetic resonance scanner according to a calculated pulse sequence, that includes radiation of radio-frequency (RF) energy from an RF transmitter into an examination object on the examination table;
during said operation of said magnetic resonance scanner, determining, in said control computer, a specific absorption rate (SAR) load for the examination object, with said examination table in an initial table position by determining whether acquisition of magnetic resonance data according to the calculated pulse sequence exceeds an SAR limit value for said examination object with said table at said initial table position; and
from said control computer, if said SAR limit value is exceeded at said initial table position, emitting a table position control signal that moves said examination table to a different position from said initial table position dependent on the determined SAR load, so as to adjust the initial table position of the examination object to cause said SAR limit value to be satisfied.

US Pat. No. 10,139,466

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS MAGNETIC RESONANCE ELASTOGRAPHY AND WATER-FAT IMAGING

Mayo Foundation for Medic...

1. A method for multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (“MRI”) using an MRI system, the steps of the method comprising:(a) acquiring motion-encoded data from a subject with the MRI system by sampling a plurality of different echo signals each formed at a different echo time in a single repetition time period, each echo signal being encoded for motion along at least one of a different motion-encoding direction or a different phase offset than the other echo signals by applying a different motion-encoding gradient before each echo signal is sampled;
(b) extracting motion-induced phase information from the acquired motion-encoded data;
(c) generating stiffness maps based on the extracted motion-induced phase information;
(d) producing phase-demodulated data by demodulating the motion-induced phase information from the acquired motion-encoded data; and
(e) generating from the phase-demodulated data, a water image that depicts water spins and a fat image that depicts fat spins.

US Pat. No. 10,139,465

METHOD FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING WITH CONTROLLED ALIASING

The General Hospital Corp...

1. A method for producing an image of a subject by operating a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system to acquire data from spins in a volume-of-interest, the steps of the method comprising:(a) generating a radio frequency (RF) excitation field using at least one RF transmit coil of the MRI system, the RF excitation field rotating a net magnetic moment of spins in a volume-of-interest in a subject;
(b) acquiring data from the volume-of-interest using at least one RF receive coil of the MRI system while sampling k-space along a plurality of corkscrew-shaped k-space trajectories, wherein each corkscrew-shaped k-space trajectory is defined by magnetic field gradients that are simultaneously generated by the MRI system during a data acquisition window, and wherein starting points for each of the plurality of corkscrew-shaped k-space trajectories are distributed on a grid of k-space points such that different ones of the plurality of corkscrew-shaped k-space trajectories are centered on different k-space points in the grid of k-space points;
(c) reconstructing an image of the subject from the data acquired in step(b), wherein the image depicts the volume-of-interest in the subject; and
wherein the magnetic field gradients that are simultaneously generated by the MRI system during the data acquisition window include:
a first magnetic field gradient generated along a first direction;
a second magnetic field gradient generated along a second direction that is orthogonal to the first direction; and
a third magnetic field gradient generated along a third direction that is orthogonal to the first direction and the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,139,464

NOISE SUPPRESSION METHODS AND APPARATUS

Hyperfine Research, Inc.,...

1. A method of estimating noise detected in an environment of a magnetic resonance imaging system, the method comprising:acquiring a plurality of magnetic resonance signals by repeatedly applying a first pulse sequence using a first spatial encoding; and
estimating noise based, at least in part, on a comparison of the plurality of magnetic resonance signals.

US Pat. No. 10,139,463

METHOD AND APPARATUS TO DETERMINE COMPLEX SENSITIVITY FACTORS OF RF RECEPTION COILS FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A method for generating a magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy data record for a volume of interest of an examination subject comprising:(a) operating an MR scanner, comprising at least two radio-frequency (RF) reception coils, from a control computer while an examination subject is situated in the MR scanner, to acquire respective free induction decays (FID) signals, representing MR spectroscopy data, from a volume of interest of the examination subject simultaneously with each of said RF reception coils;
(b) in said control computer, selecting one of said RF reception coils as a reference coil and designating the respective FID signal thereof as a reference signal;
(c) in said control computer, for each RF reception coil other than said reference coil, determining a complex sensitivity factor by minimizing a difference between a number of data points of the respective FID signal thereof, weighted with said complex sensitivity factor, and corresponding data points of the FID signal of the reference coil;
(d) in said control computer, combining MR spectroscopy data acquired from said volume of interest simultaneously with said RF reception coils, weighted with the respective complex sensitivity factors, to produce an MR spectroscopy data record for said volume of interest; and
(e) from said control computer, making said MR spectroscopy data record available in electronic form as a data file.

US Pat. No. 10,139,462

MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING APPARATUS AND MAGNETIC RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPIC METHOD USING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A magnetic resonance spectroscopic method comprising:obtaining, by a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) apparatus, reference data of reference substances;
obtaining, by the MRI apparatus, measurement data of a target region of a subject;
determining, by the MRI apparatus, a reference substance of the target region, among the reference substances, and a concentration of the reference substance, using the reference data, the measurement data, and an external factor compensation value compensating for an external factor affecting the measurement data; and
generating, by the MRI apparatus, a quantitative analysis result as an image according to the reference substance and the concentration.

US Pat. No. 10,139,461

ANALYSIS OF NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SPECTRA WITH NON-STATIONARY PEAKS

ASPECT IMAGING LTD., Sho...

1. A method of determining a NMR prediction result of a sample, the method comprising:receiving a plurality of NMR spectra and a corresponding plurality of predetermined measured parameters, wherein each of the plurality of NMR spectra corresponds to one of the plurality of predetermined measured parameters;
identifying a section of a ppm range in each of the plurality of NMR spectra having a non-stationary peak;
determining a modified data point for each of the plurality of NMR spectra based on its respective data points in the identified section of the ppm range such that the modified data point being a weighted average value of the respective data points in the identified section;
replacing the identified section of the ppm range in each of the plurality of NMR spectra with its respective determined modified data point to generate a corresponding plurality of modified NMR spectra;
determining a modified calibration vector based on the plurality of modified NMR spectra and the plurality of predetermined measured parameters;
receiving a measured NMR spectrum of the sample;
identifying a section of a ppm range in the measured NMR spectrum having a non-stationary peak;
determining a modified data point for the measured NMR spectrum based on data points in the identified section in the measured NMR spectrum such that the modified data point for the measured NMR spectrum being a weighted average value of the data points in the identified section in the measured NMR spectrum;
replacing the identified section in the measured NMR spectrum with the modified data point for the measured NMR spectrum to determine a modified measured NMR spectrum; and
determining the NMR prediction result of the sample based on the modified measured NMR spectrum and the modified calibration vector.

US Pat. No. 10,139,460

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DELTA RELAXATION ENHANCED MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING

SYNAPTIVE MEDICAL (BARBAD...

1. A method of acquiring magnetic resonance (MR) signals at a delta-relaxation enhanced MR imaging (DREMR) system comprising:generating a main magnetic field with a strength of B0;
generating an initial pulse sequence for acquiring T2* weighted MR imaging signals;
varying the main magnetic field strength to a strength of B0+dB during at least one portion of the initial pulse sequence;
acquiring a first image based on the initial pulse sequence;
generating a repeat pulse sequence for acquiring T2* weighted MR imaging signals, each portion of the repeat pulse sequence corresponding to the at least one portion of the initial pulse sequence and varying the main magnetic field strength to a strength of B0+dB1; and
acquiring a second image based on the repeat pulse sequence,
wherein the initial pulse sequence is the pulse sequence for acquiring T2* weighted MR imaging signals, wherein the initial pulse sequence includes at least one T2* decay portion and wherein the portion of the pulse sequence during which the main magnetic field strength is varied to B0+dB is at least a portion of the at least one T2* decay portion, and wherein the main magnetic field strength that is varied to B0+dB1 is different from B0+dB during the repeat pulse sequence;
generating a T2* dispersion signal based on a variation in the T2* weighted MR imaging signals at each main magnetic field strength B0+dB and B0+dB1; and identifying the main magnetic field strengths wherein there is a change in the T2* dispersion signal to differentiate tissues.

US Pat. No. 10,139,459

PASSIVE MRI-GUIDED TRACKING OF METALLIC OBJECTS USING ARTIFACT-REDUCED IMAGING WITH SELECTIVE EXCITATION

The Board of Trustees of ...

1. A method using 2D multi-spectral imaging (2DMSI) for MRI imaging of a metallic object and region surrounding the metallic object within an imaging field of view of an MRI apparatus, the method comprising:segmenting the imaging field-of-view into spatial-spectral bins, where the segmenting is based on off-resonance frequency induced by the metallic object and the slice location;
selectively exciting each spatial-spectral bin by inverting a slice selection gradient between excitation and refocusing pulses;
performing repeated acquisition with different radiofrequency modulations to produce acquired images of adjacent frequency bins;
composing a 2DMSI image by combination of the acquired images of adjacent bins;
highlighting in the 2DMSI image an area of off-resonance bins based on 2DMSI off-resonance information by thresholding image intensity in frequency bins, thereby indicating a contour of the metallic object.

US Pat. No. 10,139,458

SENSOR FOR DETECTION OF MAGNETIC PARTICLES

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AUSTR...

1. A sensor probe for detecting a magnetic particle, the sensor probe comprising:at least one magnetic sensor for measuring flux density and for sensing a fluctuation in a surrounding magnetic field, the magnetic sensor comprising at least one tunnelling magnetoresistor, supporting circuitry, and at least one output for outputting an output signal proportional to the resistance of the at least one tunnelling magnetoresistor;
an electromagnet supporting the at least one magnetic sensor, wherein the electromagnet comprises a magnetic core with a conductive coil wrapped around the core and wherein the magnetic core has a core aperture extending through the magnetic core, with a shaft received within the core aperture and spaced from a defining wall of the core aperture, wherein the magnetic sensor is supported by the shaft; and
a signal generator input for receiving an input signal from a signal generator for generating a current in the electromagnet thereby generating a sensor probe magnetic field which forms at least a part of the surrounding magnetic field.

US Pat. No. 10,139,457

DETECTION DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A detection device comprising:a magnet;
a first core that is located on one side of the magnet where one magnetic pole of the magnet is placed;
a second core that is located on another side of the magnet where another magnetic pole of the magnet is placed;
a dielectric member that includes:
a first bobbin, which is located on a radially outer side of the first core;
a holder, which receives the magnet; and
a second bobbin, which is located on a radially outer side of the second core;
a terminal fixing portion that is located on a side of the first bobbin, which is opposite from the magnet;
a first terminal and a second terminal that are fixed to the terminal fixing portion; and
a wire that continuously forms:
a first connecting portion, which is connected to the first terminal;
a first coil portion, which extends from the first connecting portion and is wound around the first bobbin;
a first crossover portion, which extends from the first coil portion to the second bobbin across the holder;
a second coil portion, which extends from the first crossover portion and is wound around the second bobbin in a winding direction, which is opposite from a winding direction of the first coil portion;
a second crossover portion, which extends from the second coil portion to the first coil portion across the holder; and
a second connecting portion, which extends from the second crossover portion and is connected to the second terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,139,456

MEMS SENSOR, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND MEMS PACKAGE INCLUDING THE SAME

ROHM CO., LTD., Kyoto (J...

1. A MEMS sensor, comprising:a base substrate including a displaceably supported movable portion; and
a lid substrate covering the movable portion and capable of functioning as a magnetic sensor that detects magnetism by making use of the Hall effect, wherein
the base substrate has a pair of first contact portions and a pair of second contact portions at an upper surface facing the lid substrate, and
the pair of first contact portions and the pair of second contact portions are electrically connected to the lid substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,139,455

CORRELATED DOUBLE SAMPLING FOR NOISE REDUCTION IN MAGNETORESISTIVE SENSORS AND SENSOR ARRAYS

The Board of Trustees of ...

1. Apparatus for magnetic field sensing, the apparatus comprising:a 2-D array of magnetoresistive sensors;
a demultiplexer for selectively providing excitation to one of the rows or columns of the 2-D array;
a multiplexer for selectively reading signals out from one of the rows or columns of the 2-D array;
wherein the demultiplexer and multiplexer function as row and column selectors respectively, or vice versa;
wherein each magnetoresistive sensor of the 2-D array has an associated sensor switch, and wherein the sensor switches are configured to be automatically switched in operation to disable all sensors being read out by the multiplexer except the sensor being driven by the demultiplexer.

US Pat. No. 10,139,454

TEST DEVICE AND ALTERNATING CURRENT POWER DETECTION METHOD OF THE SAME

Test Research, Inc., Tai...

1. A test device comprising:a plurality of test components;
a plurality of power supplies electrically coupled in parallel each to receive an alternating current (AC) power through a first wire, a second wire and an earth wire to convert the AC power to a direct current (DC) power and supply the DC power to the test components;
an AC power detection circuit electrically coupled to the power supplies in parallel to receive the AC power through the first wire, the second wire and the earth wire, wherein the AC power detection circuit determines whether a first voltage difference between the first wire and the earth wire is outside of a first predetermined range and determines whether a second voltage difference between the second wire and the earth wire is outside of a second predetermined range; and
an alert module;
wherein when the first voltage difference is outside of the first predetermined range and the second voltage difference is outside of the second predetermined range, the AC power detection circuit controls the alert module to generate an alerting signal.

US Pat. No. 10,139,453

BATTERY VOLTAGE MONITORING DEVICE USING CAPACITOR CIRCUIT AND SWITCH FAILURE DETECTION CIRCUIT

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A voltage monitoring apparatus comprising:a capacitor circuit including at least one capacitor;
an input-side switch group that includes a plurality of input-side switches connected to at least one pair of electrode terminals of at least one battery cell, the input-side switch group applying voltage to a pair of terminals of the at least one capacitor;
a voltage detection circuit that includes at least one pair of voltage sensing terminals connected to each of the terminals of the at least one capacitor, the voltage detection circuit detecting a potential difference across the at least one pair of voltage sensing terminals;
an output-side switch group that includes a plurality of output-side switches connected to the terminals of the at least one capacitor, the output-side switch group applying voltage across the terminals of the at least one capacitor to the at least one pair of voltage sensing terminals;
switch control means for controlling each of the plurality of input-side switches and each of the plurality of output-side switches;
failure detecting means for detecting, on the basis of the voltage detected by the voltage detection circuit when one of the output-side switches is turned on, an on-failure of at least one of the remaining output-side switches which should not be turned on;
an impedance circuit that is connected to each of the at least one pair of voltage sensing terminals, the impedance circuit being connected to each of the plurality of output-side switches, connected to the terminals of the at least one capacitor, via the each of the at least one pair of voltage sensing terminals; and
a stabilizing power circuit that is connected to each of the at least one pair of voltage sensing terminals via the impedance circuit and stabilizes voltage of each of the at least one pair of voltage sensing terminals, wherein
the impedance circuit is configured such that a time constant of a circuit configured by the impedance circuit and the at least one capacitor, which are connected to each other via each of the plurality of output-side switches and the each of the at least one pair of voltage sensing terminals, becomes longer than a required detection time that is taken from when a voltage across the terminals of the at least one capacitor is applied to the at least one pair of voltage sensing terminals until when a potential difference between the at least one pair of voltage sensing terminals is detected by the voltage detection circuit,
the voltage detection circuit includes a differential amplifier circuit that amplifies and outputs at least one potential difference between the at least one pair of voltage sensing terminals;
the differential amplifier circuit includes at least one pair of input resistors connected to the at least one pair of voltage sensing terminals; and
the stabilizing power circuit is connected to each of the at least one pair of voltage sensing terminals via the at least one pair of input resistors.

US Pat. No. 10,139,452

STATE BASED FULL AND EMPTY CONTROL FOR RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES

Maxim Integraqted Product...

1. A method of determining an empty state of a rechargeable battery comprising:predicting an open circuit voltage of the battery, even in the presence of a variable load on the battery;
predetermining an open circuit voltage at which the battery is to be considered fully discharged that is independent of the variable load on the battery;
in the presence of varying loads on the battery, allowing the battery to discharge to a terminal voltage below the open circuit voltage at which the battery will be considered discharged until the open circuit voltage prediction reaches the open circuit voltage at which the battery is to be considered fully discharged;
terminating the discharging when the predicted open circuit voltage of the battery reaches the open circuit voltage at which the battery is to be considered fully discharged.

US Pat. No. 10,139,451

CONDITIONING CYCLE FOR DETERMINING BATTERY CAPACITY IN AN INFORMATION HANDLING SYSTEM

Dell Products, L.P., Rou...

1. A method for determining capacity of a battery in an information handling system (IHS), the method comprising:determining, via a controller, if the battery has a first capacity sufficient to support a conditioning cycle and a backup function;
in response to determining that the battery has the first capacity:
partially discharging the battery at a constant discharge rate to a predetermined voltage threshold or for a fixed period of time while reserving enough battery capacity to support required system backup functions and while measuring a plurality of battery parameters;
estimating a second capacity of the battery by comparing battery parameters measured at the constant discharge rate to predetermined values, in order to increase an estimation accuracy of the battery's capacity;
determining if the second capacity of the battery exceeds a predetermined threshold capacity of the battery;
in response to determining that the second capacity of the battery exceeds the predetermined threshold capacity of the battery, charging the battery, via a power source, to a full charge; and
in response to determining that the second capacity of the battery does not exceed the predetermined threshold capacity of the battery, transmitting an alarm.

US Pat. No. 10,139,450

PLUG-IN FUEL PUMP POWER BYPASS / TEST SYSTEM

1. An apparatus configured to bypass and test a fuel pump relay for a fuel pump of a vehicle, comprising:a first pair of terminal pins configured to be inserted into a run/start signal fuse slot in a fuse box of the vehicle;
a second pair of terminal pins configured to be inserted into a fuel pump fuse slot in the fuse box of the vehicle, the second pair of terminal pins comprising a fuel pump relay terminal pin and a fuel pump terminal pin;
a power input device configured to be conductively coupled to a power source of the vehicle; and
a circuit configured to enable a fuel pump relay bypass mode of the apparatus, wherein the circuit being configured to enable the fuel pump relay bypass mode comprises the circuit being configured to conductively couple, based on reception of electrical current from a run/start signal out terminal pin of the first pair of terminal pins, the power input device to the fuel pump terminal pin to provide electrical current from the power input device to the fuel pump of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,139,449

AUTOMATIC TEST SYSTEM WITH FOCUSED TEST HARDWARE

Teradyne, Inc., North Re...

1. A method of testing at least one electronic device under test using a test hardware module in conjunction with a test system, the method comprising acts of:sourcing control signals with at least one instrument of the test system;
routing the control signals to the test hardware module through a device interface;
with the test hardware module, generating and delivering test signals, based on the control signals, through the device interface to the at least one electronic device under test;
routing a response to the test signals from the at least one electronic device under test to an instrument of the at least one instrument; and
determining the outcome of the test with the instrument of the at least one instrument.

US Pat. No. 10,139,448

SCAN CIRCUITRY WITH IDDQ VERIFICATION

NXP USA, Inc., Austin, T...

1. An integrated circuit, comprising:a first logic circuit coupled between a first power supply terminal and a second power supply terminal, wherein the first logic circuit includes:
a first scan chain circuit including a scan output node;
a configurable defect circuit connected to the scan output node of the first scan chain circuit and having a logic node and a conductive element coupled between the logic node and the first or the second power supply terminal, wherein the scan output node is configured to, during a quiescent current testing mode, place a predetermined logic state on the logic node such that a detectable current flows through the conductive element when the integrated circuit is not defective; and
a current measurement circuit having an input coupled to an output of the configurable defect circuit and configured to detect the detectable current through the conductive element when the integrated circuit is not defective.

US Pat. No. 10,139,447

IMAGE GENERATION APPARATUS AND IMAGE GENERATION METHOD

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. An apparatus for generating an image based on light from a semiconductor device, the apparatus comprising:a photodetector configured to detect the light;
a power supply unit electrically coupling the photodetector and configured to apply a first constant voltage to the photodetector to supply a current to the photodetector;
a signal generation unit electrically coupling the power supply unit and configured to measure the current supplied to the photodetector by the power supply unit and generate a first signal according to magnitude of the current; and
an image processer configured to generate a first image indicating a circuit pattern of the semiconductor device based on the first signal according to magnitude of the current supplied to the photodetector by the power supply unit.

US Pat. No. 10,139,446

MASSIVE MULTI-DIMENSIONALITY FAILURE ANALYTICS WITH SMART CONVERGED BOUNDS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A computer system executing a method stored in a computer readable medium, comprising:a processor performing a failure region exploration through uniform sampling of plurality of variables related to a circuit;
the processor estimating a failure probability and standard deviation by determining mean and standard deviation of failure probability of a circuit;
the processor terminating sampling when a confidence interval bounds converge; and
a peripheral device providing a report on the failure of the circuit when the sampling is terminated by the processor.

US Pat. No. 10,139,445

HIGH SPEED I/O PINLESS STRUCTURAL TESTING

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A system comprising:an integrated circuit disposed on a substrate;
a physical layer interface to convey physical medium data between the integrated circuit and a physical medium, the physical layer interface disposed on the substrate;
a central test engine to test the integrated circuit, the central test engine disposed on the substrate; and
a central test engine shim to control the integrated circuit based on test control data received from the central test engine, the central test engine shim disposed on the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,139,444

SENSING CIRCUIT, SENSING DEVICE AND MONITORING SYSTEM FOR POWER TRANSMISSION LINES

NATIONAL TAIWAN UNIVERSIT...

1. A sensing device for a power transmission line, comprising:an induction coil device, wherein a plurality of iron cores and a plurality of windings are defined in the induction coil device, the windings are wound around the iron cores, a hole for a power transmission line is defined at the induction coil device;
a sensing circuit device, for detecting operation status of a power transmission line and environmental parameters, the sensing circuit device comprising:
a cover; and
a bottom plate, wherein a plurality of circuit boards are mounted on the bottom plate, the induction coil device is mounted on one side of the cover; and
a housing, wherein each of two ends of the housing is of a streamline shape, and the housing is hollow for receiving the sensing circuit device;
wherein the iron cores of the induction coil device comprise at least one first iron core and at least one second iron core, the first iron core is straight, the second iron core comprises a first section, a second section and a third section, the second section is connected between the first section and the third section in a U-shaped manner; each of the windings is wound around each of the first iron cores or each of the second iron cores;
wherein the sensing circuit device including a sensing circuit which comprising:
a plurality of induction power sources;
a solar photovoltaic module;
a protection circuit connected to the plurality of induction power sources for avoiding a damage caused by a spike voltage, lightning, or an overcurrent situation;
a first filter connected to the protection circuit for filtering an output electrical energy from the plurality of induction power sources;
a second filter connected to the solar photovoltaic module for filtering an output electrical energy from the solar photovoltaic module;
a power control unit connected to the first filter and the second filter for controlling the electrical power energy provided to the sensing circuit;
a first battery connected to the power control unit for being as a first backup power source;
a second battery connected to the power control unit for being as a second backup power source;
a first charger connected between the first filter and the first battery for charging the first battery;
a second charger connected between the second filter and the second battery for charging the second battery;
a central processing unit connected to the power control unit for controlling the sensing circuit operation and executing computations thereof;
a video recording module connected to the central processing unit for generating a plurality of image signals and transmitting the image signals into the central processing unit;
a sensor module connected to the central processing unit for generating a plurality of sensing signals and parameters data, and transmitting the sensing signals and parameters data into the central processing unit;
a wireless communication module connected to the central processing unit for converting the signals from the central processing unit into wireless signals; and
an antenna connected to the wireless communication module for transmitting the wireless signals;
wherein the video recording module comprises:
an ultraviolet-based camera module generating ultraviolet-based image signals and transmitting the ultraviolet-based image signals to the central processing unit; and
an infrared camera module generating infrared image signals and transmitting the infrared image signals to the central processing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,139,443

CIRCUIT APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETECTING A STATE OF AN INTERLOCK LOOP

CONTI TEMIC MICROELECTRON...

1. A circuit apparatus for detecting a state of an electrical interlock loop monitoring at least one high-voltage component, the apparatus comprising:a power connection to a voltage source;
a ground connection to an electrical ground;
a positive connection to a line end of the electrical interlock loop;
a negative connection to a second line end of the interlock loop;
a measuring arrangement for a voltage potential at the negative connection when two mutually different currents flow from the power connection via the negative connection to the ground connection; and
a detector arrangement, including a comparison unit for comparing the two potential measurement of the voltage potential measured at the two respective currents with two predefined potential reference values and configured to ascertain, based on the comparison results of the comparison unit, whether the negative connection is electrically short-circuited with the positive connection, the power connection, or the ground connection, or with none of these connections.

US Pat. No. 10,139,441

FILM STRUCTURE AND ITS MEASURING METHOD, DISPLAY SUBSTRATE AND ITS MEASURING METHOD AND MANUFACTURING METHOD

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A film structure comprising: a first metal layer, a second metal layer, and an insulation layer located between the first metal layer and the second metal layer, wherein:in at least a portion of an edge region of the film structure, the first metal layer extends outwards relative to an edge of the insulation layer by a first predetermined length, and the insulation layer extends outwards relative to an edge of the second metal layer by a second predetermined length, such that a thickness value of the insulation layer is determined by acquiring a fall value of a measuring probe at the time of moving between a surface, adjacent to the second metal layer, of the insulation layer and a surface, adjacent to the insulation layer, of the first metal layer, through a motion trajectory of the measuring probe.

US Pat. No. 10,139,440

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING THE PRESENCE AND TYPE OF CAPACITIVE LOADS

Newport Corporation, Irv...

1. A system, comprising:a piezoelectric actuator comprising:
a piezoelectric material configured to expand or contract in response to a drive voltage; and
a rotor frictionally coupled to the piezoelectric material;
a power diver configured to generate the drive voltage, wherein the drive voltage comprises a pulse with a first edge and a second edge, wherein a slope of the first edge is greater than a slope of the second edge to cause the rotor to rotate clockwise or counter-clockwise due to a coefficient of friction between the piezoelectric material and the rotor during the second edge being greater than a coefficient of friction between the piezoelectric material and the rotor during the first edge;
an electrical connection configured to electrically couple the power driver to the piezoelectric actuator; and
a detection circuit configured to determine whether the piezoelectric actuator is connected to the power driver by sensing a parameter associated with the electrical connection, and if connected, the type of the piezoelectric actuator connected to the power driver based on a measured characteristic of the piezoelectric actuator in response to the drive voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,139,439

METHOD OF CAPACITIVE MEASUREMENT BETWEEN AN OBJECT AND AN ELECTRODE PLANE BY PARTIAL SYNCHRONOUS DEMODULATION

Quickstep Technologies LL...

1. A method of capacitive measurement between an object and an electrode plane, in which method a processor unit operates as follows:applying an excitation signal to the electrode plane;
generating a control signal for a mixing circuit, the control signal defining a measurement window and a time-lapse window for the mixing circuit; and
determining a capacitance value representative of a capacitance between the object and an electrode in the electrode plane based on a measurement from a measurement signal originating from the electrode plane,
wherein the excitation signal is a non-sinusoidal signal comprising at least one discontinuity, and in order to determine the capacitance value, the measurement signal is evaluated during the measurement window and not evaluated during the time-lapse window, the time-lapse window being a time period during which said at least one discontinuity is occurring, and the measurement window being a time period free of said at least one discontinuity.

US Pat. No. 10,139,438

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CALIBRATING HIGH SPEED SERIAL RECEIVER ANALOG FRONT END AND PHASE DETECTOR

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprising:an amplifier;
a first slicer coupled to the amplifier;
a de-serializer coupled to an output of the first slicer;
a multiplexer which is operable to select one of data or a test signal for the amplifier;
a filter coupled to an input of the multiplexer to provide the test signal; and
a frequency modulator coupled to an input of the filter, wherein the frequency modulator is operable to modulate frequency of the test signal, and wherein the frequency modulator comprises a divider.

US Pat. No. 10,139,437

APPARATUS, SERVER, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ENERGY MEASURING

Encored Technologies, Inc...

1. An energy measuring apparatus, connected to a power penetration point, for load balancing in power management system, the energy measuring apparatus comprising:a power information collecting unit for measuring a power signal of at least one load apparatus at the power penetration point and collecting power information at a snapshot extraction frequency based on the power signal, wherein said snapshot extraction frequency is within a range; and
an operating status extracting unit configured to detect an operating status of at least one load apparatus at said snapshot extraction frequency, wherein said operating status is one of a steady state and a transient state;
a data set generating unit configured to generate a data set including only one or a representative snapshot of said power information, when said steady state is detected; and generate a data set including a plurality of snapshots of said power information, when said transient state is detected.

US Pat. No. 10,139,436

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR A WIDEBAND CMOS RMS POWER DETECTION SCHEME

Entropic Communications L...

1. A system comprising:a first circuit comprising a first metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) transistor having a gate for receiving a radio frequency (RF) signal via a capacitor and having a drain for outputting a first current that is proportional to a square of a voltage of the RF signal in response to receiving the RF signal; and
a second circuit connected to the first circuit, the second circuit comprising a second MOS transistor having a source for receiving the first current from the first circuit,
wherein the second circuit outputs a voltage proportional to a power of the RF signal received by the first circuit, the output voltage being a function of the first current and a channel resistance of the second MOS transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,139,435

NON-CONTACT VOLTAGE MEASUREMENT SYSTEM USING REFERENCE SIGNAL

Fluke Corporation, Evere...

1. A system to measure alternating current (AC) voltage in an insulated conductor, the system comprising:a housing;
a conductive sensor physically coupled to the housing, the conductive sensor selectively positionable proximate the insulated conductor without galvanically contacting the conductor, wherein the conductive sensor capacitively couples with the insulated conductor;
a conductive internal ground guard which at least partially surrounds the conductive sensor and is galvanically isolated from the conductive sensor, the internal ground guard sized and dimensioned to shield the conductive sensor from stray currents;
a conductive reference shield which surrounds at least a portion of the housing and is galvanically insulated from the internal ground guard, the conductive reference shield sized and dimensioned to reduce currents between the internal ground guard and an external ground;
a common mode reference voltage source which, in operation, generates an alternating current (AC) reference voltage having a reference frequency, the common mode reference voltage source electrically coupled between the internal ground guard and the conductive reference shield;
a current measurement subsystem electrically coupled to the conductive sensor, wherein the current measurement subsystem, in operation, generates a sensor current signal indicative of current conducted through the conductive sensor; and
at least one processor communicatively coupled to the current measurement subsystem, wherein, in operation, the at least one processor:
receives the sensor current signal from the current measurement subsystem; and
determines the AC voltage in the insulated conductor based at least in part on the received sensor current signal, the AC reference voltage and the reference frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,139,434

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MEASURING THE STABILITY OF AN ALTERNATING CURRENT DISTRIBUTION GRID

Power Standard Lab Inc., ...

1. A system for measuring the stability of an alternating current power distribution grid comprising:a) a first circuit coupled to the grid for drawing a plurality of current pulses from the grid;
b) a first measuring device co-located with the first circuit, coupled to the grid for measuring a first voltage on the grid prior to each of the pulses and for measuring a change to the first voltage in response to each pulse; and
c) a plurality of second measuring devices, each a corresponding distance from the first circuit, coupled to the grid for measuring a second voltage on the grid prior to each of the pulses and for measuring a change to the second voltage in response to each pulse, wherein the changes are a function of stability of the grid, and the drawing the plurality of pulses and the measuring the first and second voltages are synchronized to a synchronization timing signal.

US Pat. No. 10,139,433

METHOD OF MEASURING CURRENT DISTRIBUTION IN HIGH AND MEDIUM VOLTAGE CABLES

PRYSMIAN S.P.A., Milan (...

1. A method for detecting an electrical current longitudinal variation in a power transmission system comprising a power cable, comprising: providing a grounded power cable having a longitudinal axis, extending between first and second cable ends for a cable length, and comprising an insulated conductor, a metallic layer radially external to the insulated conductor, and an optical fibre sensor longitudinally extending at least between the cable ends, said optical fibre sensor comprising a single-mode optical fibre wound about the longitudinal axis in a radial external position with respect to the metallic layer; circulating an electric current in the metallic layer along the cable length to induce a magnetic field; injecting into a first end of the single-mode optical fibre a probe optical signal polarised in an input polarisation state; detecting a backscattered optical signal corresponding to the injected probe optical signal by polarisation-sensitive optical reflectometry; analysing the backscattered optical signal to determine a longitudinal evolution of a rotation angle of the polarisation state; calculating, from the longitudinal evolution of the rotation angle, a longitudinal variation in a magnetic field in the cable so as to determine a trace of electric current inducing said magnetic field as a function of the longitudinal position; and analysing the trace to detect a presence of a longitudinal variation in the electric current and the longitudinal position between the cable end at which the variation occurs.

US Pat. No. 10,139,432

METHODS AND SYSTEMS RELATING TO IMPROVED AC SIGNAL PERFORMANCE OF DUAL STAGE TRANSFORMERS

Guildline Instruments Lim...

1. A method of improving the AC accuracy of a dual stage transformer comprising:providing the dual stage current transformer comprising a plurality of magnetic cores, a primary winding, a first secondary winding, and a second secondary winding;
either
providing a first resistor across only the first secondary winding to generate a first voltage and providing a second resistor across only the second secondary winding, the second resistor disposed in series with the first resistor in order to add a compensating voltage to the first voltage; or
connecting a first end of the first secondary winding to a first end of the second secondary winding at a midpoint of a pair of load resistors disposed in series, connecting a second end of the first secondary winding to another end of a first load resistor of the pair of load resistors and to a first input of a differential amplifier via a first resistor, and coupling another end of the other load resistor of the pair of load resistors and to a second input of the differential amplifier via a second resistor, where the first ends of the first and second secondary windings are both disposed in the same direction along a magnetic core of the plurality of magnetic cores relative to their respective second ends;
measuring a DC signal within a second stage of the dual stage transformer, the DC signal generated in dependence upon a DC aspect of a signal applied to a first stage of the dual stage transformer;
measuring an AC signal applied to the first stage of the dual stage transformer, the AC signal measurement being made across the first and second resistors; and
generating with a processing circuit a corrected AC signal measurement in dependence upon the measured DC signal and the measured AC signal.

US Pat. No. 10,139,431

MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

RION CO., LTD., Tokyo (J...

1. A measurement system comprising:a sensor amplifier connected to a sensor configured to output an analog signal corresponding to a measured physical quantity and a main terminal paired with the sensor amplifier, the sensor amplifier comprising:
a first sensor-amplifier wireless transceiver;
a second sensor-amplifier wireless transceiver having a power consumption less than that of the first sensor-amplifier wireless transceiver;
a state-control processor configured to:
shift the first sensor-amplifier wireless transceiver from an operating state to a suspended state and to maintain the operating state of the second sensor-amplifier wireless transceiver upon receiving an instruction from the main terminal to shift to a low-power-consumption mode, wherein the low-power consumption mode includes a first low-power consumption mode and a second low-power consumption mode with a power consumption less than that of the first low-power consumption mode; and
shift the first sensor-amplifier wireless transceiver from the suspended state to the operating state upon receiving an instruction from the main terminal to shift to a normal power mode;
a sensor-amplifier processor configured to control a measurement state of the sensor and the state-control processor has a power consumption less than that of the sensor-amplifier processor; and
the main terminal comprising:
a first main-terminal wireless transceiver paired with the first sensor-amplifier wireless transceiver to communicate therewith;
a second main-terminal wireless transceiver having a power consumption less than that of the first main terminal wireless transceiver and paired with the second sensor-amplifier wireless transceiver to communicate therewith; and
a main-terminal processor configured to:
transmit an instruction to shift to the low-power-consumption mode to the sensor amplifier via the first main-terminal wireless transceiver or the second main-terminal wireless transceiver;
transmit an instruction to shift from the low-power consumption mode to the normal power mode to the sensor amplifier via the second main-terminal wireless transceiver;
transmit an instruction to shift to the first low-power consumption mode to the sensor amplifier via the first main terminal wireless transceiver or the second main terminal wireless transceiver;
transmit an instruction to shift to the second low-power consumption mode to the sensor amplifier via the first main terminal wireless transceiver or the second main terminal wireless transceiver;
shift the first sensor-amplifier wireless transceiver from an operating state to a suspended state upon receiving an instruction from the main terminal to shift to the first low-power-consumption mode; and
shift the sensor-amplifier processor and the first sensor-amplifier wireless transceiver from the operating state to the suspended state upon receiving an instruction from the main terminal to shift to the second low-power consumption mode.

US Pat. No. 10,139,430

PROBE GUIDE, PROBE CARD, AND METHOD FOR PROBE GUIDE MANUFACTURING

SHINKO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIE...

7. A probe card comprisinga wiring board, a contact probe provided to stand on said wiring board, and a probe guide that supports said contact probe, wherein:
said contact probe is configured to include a probe base part electrically connected with said wiring board, a probe tip part adapted to contact with an inspection target, and an elastic deformation part which is provided between the probe base part and the probe tip part and is capable of buckling deformation;
said probe guide includes a silicon plate having a guide hole comprising a penetration-processed hole adapted to support said probe base part or said probe tip part of said contact probe;
an inner wall of said guide hole includes a guide film formed on an inner wall surface of the penetration-processed hole of said silicon plate;
a cross-sectional area of said penetration-processed hole gradually increases toward a first surface of said silicon plate; and
a film thickness of said guide film gradually increases toward the first surface of said silicon plate.

US Pat. No. 10,139,429

METHOD FOR CALIBRATING AND IMAGING USING MULTI-TIP SCANNING PROBE MICROSCOPE

FEI Company, Hillsboro, ...

16. An atomic force microscope (AFM) system, comprising:at least three AFM assemblies positioned for scanning a common sample area, each including a cantilever supporting a probe head with at least one tip, a 3-axis actuator mechanically coupled to the cantilever, control electronics operably coupled to a feedback position sensor for providing calibrated scanning of the probe head, and a deflection sensor positioned to sense deflection of the cantilever;
an electronic controller coupled to the control electronics of the AFM assemblies, and operable to generate a scan waveform for each respective AFM assembly;
tangible, non-transitory computer readable memory coupled to the electronic controller and containing program code executable by the electronic controller for:
automatically performing a first scan, starting from an initial position in which the AFM probe heads are positioned with their respective tips at a first predetermined relationship to each other, the first scan including scanning the tips in synchronicity across a surface and creating, for each tip, a scan image;
automatically processing the scan images to recognize a feature appearing in all the scan images having desired spatial characteristics;
automatically designating the recognized feature as a common feature and overlaying the scan images together to determine a relative offset for each of the scanning tips;
based on the relative offset, automatically positioning the scan tips at a second predetermined relationship to each other, the second relationship placing the tips relatively closer to each other than the first relationship;
after positioning the scan tips at the second predetermined relationship, automatically performing a second scan including scanning the tips in synchronicity across a surface and creating, for each tip, a scan image.

US Pat. No. 10,139,428

PHASE CORRECTION DEVICE, ACTION IDENTIFICATION DEVICE, ACTION IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM, MICROCONTROLLER, PHASE CORRECTION METHOD, AND PROGRAM

RENESAS ELECTRONICS CORPO...

1. A phase correction device comprising:a non-transitory computer readable medium storing computer instructions; and
a processor configured to execute the computer instructions to provide:
receiving a plurality of acceleration data and calculates a standard deviation of the plurality of acceleration data for each specified time period;
receiving the plurality of acceleration data and calculates a representative value of the acceleration data for each specified time period;
estimating a phase of the representative value in a space having a first coordinate axis and a second coordinate axis by using the representative value when the standard deviation is smaller than a specified threshold; and
performing phase correction of the representative value by using the estimated phase,
wherein the acceleration data is outputted by an acceleration sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,139,427

FUNCTIONAL DEVICE, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, AND MOVING OBJECT

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A functional device comprising:a substrate having a surface;
a wire provided on the surface of the substrate;
a movable body supported in a spaced apart relationship relative to the surface of the substrate, the movable body being configured to selectively pivot about a first axis with respect to the surface of the substrate; and
a supporting section configured to pivotally support the movable body relative to the substrate, the supporting section including:
a connector connected to the movable body, the connector extending along the first axis; and
a first support connected to the connector and to the substrate, the first support being disposed alongside the connector and extending along a second axis laterally offset from the first axis, the first support including a first contact electrically connected to the wire, the first contact being electrically connected to the wire along the second axis,
wherein the supporting section is the only physical connection between the movable body and the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,139,426

AIRFLOW TEST METHOD, AIRFLOW TEST APPARATUS AND CLEAN ROOM CONTROL SYSTEM

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An airflow test method, comprising steps of:establishing a three-dimensional reference coordinate system in a test space,
setting a plurality of test points within the test space;
detecting respective one-dimensional velocities of the airflow at each test point along a plurality of test directions, said plurality of test directions including directions of coordinate axes of the three-dimensional reference coordinate system; and
calculating an actual direction and an actual velocity of the airflow at each test point based on the respective one-dimensional velocities of the airflow at the test point along the plurality of test directions.

US Pat. No. 10,139,425

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COLLECTING AND DISPLAYING WIND INFORMATION

TERRASTRIDE INCORPORATED,...

1. A method of depicting wind information over time, the method comprising:(a) receiving wind information at a handheld device from a weather information source, said wind information comprising wind speed and wind direction over a first period of time, and said handheld device having a memory, display and a processor, wherein said memory is capable of storing said wind information and satellite imagery geographical information, wherein said display is capable of displaying color images overlaying said satellite imagery geographical information, and wherein said processor is capable of generating a high level future wind speed chart and a circular wind direction depiction;
(b) storing said wind information in the memory of the handheld device;
(c) processing the stored wind information to display the wind information on the handheld device display in a dual display configuration comprising said high level future wind speed chart and said circular wind direction depiction, wherein the high level future wind speed chart is a line graph showing expected wind speeds over a second period of time that includes times in the future and that includes a second period start time and a second period ending time and wherein the circular wind direction depiction comprises creating a composite wind direction for a third period of time from the second period start time to a selected future time within the second period of time, and displaying the composite wind direction and an instantaneous wind direction at the selected future time, said display comprised of a first arched section oriented to indicate the instantaneous wind direction and a second arched section, said second arched section oriented to indicate the composite wind direction for the third period of time from the second period start time to a selected future time but excluding the instantaneous wind direction at the selected future time, and wherein the first arched section is at least partially colored by a first color and the second arched section is at least partially colored by a second color, and wherein said first and second colors are different.

US Pat. No. 10,139,424

OMM ROTATION RATE SENSOR INCLUDING A DRIVE, WITHOUT STATIONARY ELECTRODES

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A rotation rate sensor, comprising:a substrate having a main plane of extension;
a first structure which is movable relative to the substrate, the first structure including at least one first drive device; and
a second structure which is movable relative to the substrate and relative to the first structure, the second structure including at least one second drive device;
wherein the first drive device and the second drive device are situated for joint deflection:
of the first structure from a neutral position of the first structure in parallel to a drive direction, and
of the second structure from a neutral position of the second structure in parallel to the drive direction,due to an interaction between the first drive device and the second drive device in such a way that the first structure and the second structure are excitable into an oscillation in phase opposition, in each case with a motion component in parallel to the drive direction, wherein at least a portion of the first drive device and at least a portion of the second drive device overlap one another along an axis that is perpendicular to the drive direction.

US Pat. No. 10,139,423

MEDICAL ANALYSIS METHOD

BIO-RAD INNOVATIONS, Mam...

1. A medical analysis method using a medical analysis machine provided with a poly-articulated robot comprising joints defining at least six axes of rotation and adapted for displacing and/or orienting a terminal member according to six degrees of freedom, the terminal member bearing a grasping member adapted for grasping a container, said medical analysis method comprising at least the succession of the following steps:providing a container filled beforehand with a sample to be treated stemming from a human being or an animal, said sample is one of a type comprising a liquid, biological tissue, or organ tissue from a human being or an animal, said container being a gel card including a body in which are formed several adjacent reaction wells positioned along a single row, the wells containing a gel and being initially obturated with a lid, the grasping member of the poly-articulated robot being configured to grasp and displace such a gel card,
transferring said container, by means of the poly-articulated robot moving at a first speed, to at least one treatment station of the medical analysis machine,
treating the sample in the treatment station while maintaining the sample within the container, and
transferring the container, by means of the poly-articulated robot moving at a second speed, to a station for capturing images of the treated sample and determine the type of sample in said container, wherein the first speed and the second speed are controlled based on the type of the sample disposed within the container so as to avoid overflow or stirring of the liquid, and determining, automatically with the medical analysis machine and based at least in part on the images, whether treating the sample resulted in a positive reaction within the container or a negative reaction within the container,
the method further comprising a prior parameterization step including:
sensing respective coordinates of different stations of the medical analysis machine using a piezo-electric sensing device of the terminal member, and wherein the coordinates are stored in a memory associatedwith the medical analysis machine, anddefining, based at least in part on the respective coordinates, first and second areas of the medical analysis machine, wherein
the first areas comprise areas, including the at least one treatment station and the station for capturing images, where the poly-articulated robot is allowed to move, and
the second areas comprise areas different from the first areas, the at least one treatment station, and the station for capturing images, the poly-articulated robot being prohibited from passing horizontally over the second areas of the medical analysis machine.

US Pat. No. 10,139,421

DETECTION OF RESTENSOSIS RISK IN PATIENTS RECEIVING A STENT

1. A method of selecting a stent for implantation in the circulatory system of a human being including the steps of:a) determining a threshold level of platelet hyper-coaguability (PHC) of blood, above which a risk of restenosis is relatively high;
b) obtaining a blood sample from a patient who requires implantation of a stent;
c) testing the PHC level of said blood sample;
d) comparing the PHC level of said blood sample with said threshold level;
e) if the PHC of said blood sample is below said threshold level, selecting a bare metal stent and implanting said bare metal stent in the patient; and
f) if the PHC of said blood sample is at or above said threshold level, selecting a drug-eluting stent and implanting said drug eluting stent in the patient.

US Pat. No. 10,139,418

RAPID METHOD FOR TARGETED CELL (LINE) SELECTION

LONZA BIOLOGICS PLC, Slo...

1. A process for the prediction of cell culture performance data of at least one sample cell, the process comprising:(a) providing a sample of the at least one sample cell, cell culture performance data from a standard cell cultivated in a large volume bioreactor containing a volume of media of at least 10 L and raw standard MS (mass spectrometric) data from the standard cell, wherein the at least one sample cell is cultivated in medium with a low volume of 1 ?L to 1 L,
(b) subjecting the sample of the at least one sample cell to a MS analysis after 1 to 5 hours of acclimatization at a temperature of 0° C. to 10° C. to obtain raw sample MS data thereof,
(c) subjecting the raw standard and the raw sample MS data to at least one first MS signal processing method to obtain pre-treated standard and sample MS profiles,
(d) subjecting the cell culture performance data from the standard cell of (a) and the pre-treated standard and sample MS profiles obtained in (c) to a second MS signal processing method including a PLS-DA (partial least squares discriminant analysis) based comparative evaluation so as to directly predict the cell culture performance data of the at least one sample cell at a later stage of up-scaling in a large volume bioreactor containing a volume of medium of at least 10 L, and
(e) cultivating the cell line in a bioreactor containing a volume of medium of at least 10 L when the at least one sample cell is determined to have a cell specific productivity of at least 0.1 g protein/L/h,
wherein the cell culture performance data are cell specific productivity, integral viable cell count or cell product concentration data,
and wherein the method further comprises, prior to (a): generating a cell line that expresses a recombinant protein; and cultivating the cell line in a medium with the low volume of 1 ?L to 1 L, wherein the sample of the at least one sample cell is taken from the cell line.

US Pat. No. 10,139,417

SYSTEMS, APPARATUSES AND METHODS FOR READING AN AMINO ACID SEQUENCE

ARIZONA BOARD OF REGENTS ...

1. An apparatus for sequencing a molecule comprising:at least a first and a second electrode;
a dielectric layer of between about 1 nm and about 4 nm separating the first and second electrodes;
a membrane between about 10 to about 100 nm in thickness;
a channel containing an electrolyte solution, wherein the membrane spans and divides the channel to form a cis chamber and a trans chamber,
wherein the cis chamber and the trans chamber are in fluid communication with one another via a nanopore, and
a bead in the cis chamber and arranged within 150 ?m of the nanopore, the bead including a molecule for sequencing and/or identifying bound thereto,
wherein:
the nanopore is formed on the same substrate as the pair of electrodes,
the nanopore is between about 1 nm and about 5 nm in diameter at the point where it passes through the electrodes, and
the electrodes include between about 1 nm to about 5 nm of silver, gold, palladium and/or platinum, and the electrodes are functionalized.

US Pat. No. 10,139,416

METHODS OF TRIGGERING ACTIVATION OF ENCAPSULATED SIGNAL-GENERATING SUBSTANCES AND APPARATUS UTILISING ACTIVATED SIGNAL-GENERATING SUBSTANCES

SUPERNOVA DIAGNOSTICS INC...

1. An apparatus comprising a test strip and a reader for detecting a signal from the test strip,wherein the test strip comprises:
a sample application zone including capsules comprising a signal precursor in latent form and affinity molecules, wherein the affinity molecules are conjugated to the outer surface of the capsules, and wherein the signal precursor of a target-capsule complex is activatable by (i) heat and (ii) an acid- or base-catalysing solution, and wherein activation of the signal precursor of the target-capsule complex catalyzes hydrolysis of the signal precursor;
a reaction zone where capture molecules are immobilised and wherein the affinity molecules bind specifically to target molecules in a sample to form the target-capsule complex;
a reservoir of the acid- or base-catalysing solution; and
a feed line providing communication between the reservoir and the reaction zone; and
wherein the reader comprises:
an actuator operable to supply the acid- or base-catalysing solution from the reservoir to the reaction zone;
a heating device for providing the heat to the reaction zone to raise the temperature of the acid- or base-catalysing solution in the reaction zone such that the acid- or base-catalysing solution catalyses the hydrolysis of the signal precursor in the reaction zone from the latent form in which substantially no signal is generated to a form in which it is able to generate a detectable signal, whereby the signal is emitted from the reaction zone;
a light source for illuminating the reaction zone; and
an optical detector for detecting the signal emitted from the reaction zone.

US Pat. No. 10,139,411

ENZYME QUANTIFICATION

Raindance Technologies, I...

1. A localized fluorescent detection method comprising:providing a plurality of fluid droplets flowing in a first microfluidic channel, wherein each fluid droplet comprises a particle and a plurality of fluorescently labeled antibodies, and wherein the particle comprises a biomarker;
incubating the fluid droplets, wherein the fluorescently labeled antibodies bind to the particle comprising the biomarker in at least one fluid droplet, to produce a localized signal;
flowing the fluid droplets comprising the fluorescently labeled antibodies bound to the particles past a detector; and
quantifying the number of fluid droplets comprising the localized signal from the fluorescently labeled antibodies.

US Pat. No. 10,139,404

CONTROL MARKER FOR IMPLEMENTING ANALYSIS METHODS ON SPOTS

BIO-RAD EUROPE GMBH, Bas...

1. A method for detecting at least one analyte in at least one sample comprising the following steps:a) placing a sample to be analyzed into a compartment of a solid support, said compartment comprising one or more spots comprising at least one resistant control marker and at least one capture ligand of an analyte,
b) placing at least one detection ligand of said analyte into said compartment, said detection ligand of said analyte being coupled to a direct or indirect detection marker,
c) when said at least one detection ligand of said analyte is coupled to said indirect detection marker, placing a first reporter of said indirect detection marker into said compartment,
d) when the reporter used in step c) is coupled to said indirect detection marker, placing a second reporter of the indirect detection marker coupled to said first reporter used in step c) into said compartment,
e) detecting at least one signal produced by said at least one resistant control marker in said compartment,
f) defining at least one reading grid from the location of at least one signal detected in step e),
g) detecting a signal produced by said at least one detection marker of said detection ligand of said analyte, and
h) reading the signal detected in step g) on the reading grid defined in step f).

US Pat. No. 10,139,403

MANIPULATION OF BEADS IN DROPLETS AND METHODS FOR MANIPULATING DROPLETS

ADVANCED LIQUID LOGIC, IN...

1. A method of manipulating a droplet comprising magnetically responsive beads within a droplet actuator, the method comprising:(a) providing a droplet actuator, comprising:
(i) a plurality of droplet operations electrodes configured to transport the droplet; and
(ii) a magnetic field present at a portion of the plurality of droplet operations electrodes; and
(b) positioning a magnetic shielding material in the droplet actuator to selectively minimize the magnetic field.

US Pat. No. 10,139,400

CARBOXY X RHODAMINE ANALOGS

Promega Corporation, Mad...

7. A method of labeling a biomolecule comprising:a) contacting a sample suspected of containing the biomolecule with a composition comprising a dye conjugate according to formula (IIIa), (IIIb) or (IIIc) so as to yield a mixture:
whereinR11 is independently H or C1-4 alkyl, or L-Cs;L is a covalent linkage that is linear or branched, cyclic or heterocyclic saturated or unsaturated, having 1-16 non hydrogen atoms such that the linkage contains any combination of ester, acid, amine, amide, alcohol, ether, thioether or halide groups or single, double, triple or aromatic carbon-carbon bond;Cs is a conjugated substance selected from the group consisting of solid supports, resin particles, beads, assay plates, proteins, nucleotides, polynucleotides, enzyme substrates, nanobodies, polypeptides, amino acids, lipids, carbohydrates, haptens, drugs, ion-complexing agents, microparticles, polymers, cells, viruses, fluorophores, chloroalkanes, and cyanobenzothiazoles;R2 and R16 can be independently H, alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, CO2H, SO3H, L-CO2H, L-SO3H, or L-Cs;R3 and R4 are H, alkyl, L-Cs, L-CO2H, L-SO3H or together form a carbocyclic, aryl, heteroaryl, or heterocyclic ring;alternatively, R2 and R3 and independently R4 and R16 together form a carbocyclic, heterocyclic, aryl or heteroaryl ring;R5, R12, R13, R14 and R15 are independently H, alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, CO2H, SO3H, L-CO2H, L-SO3H, or L-Cs;R20, R21, R22 and R23 are independently H or C1-6 alkyl or one or more of R20 and R21, R21 and R22, R22 and R23, together form an aryl, heteroaryl, carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring;alternatively R11 and R12 together form a carbocyclic, heterocyclic, aryl or heteroaryl ring;R6-10 are independently H, F, Cl, Br, I, OH, alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, CO2H, SO3H, L-CO2H, L-SO3H, or L-Cs;X is CHR23, O, S or NR30; andR30 is H, C1-4 alkyl or —C(O)C1-4 alkyl;b) detecting the presence or amount of the dye conjugate, thereby detecting the presence or amount of the labeled biomolecule in the mixture.

US Pat. No. 10,139,396

METHOD OF NONINVASIVELY DETECTING PLANT PATHOGENIC VIRUS AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS THEREOF

NATIONAL TAIWAN NORMAL UN...

1. An electronic apparatus, configured to detect a plant, the electronic apparatus consisting of:an excitation light source, providing an excitation light beam;
a light transceiver coupled to the excitation light source, wherein the light transceiver comprises a probe end having a needle-like structure configured to both project and concentrate the excitation light beam directly onto a location of the plant and to receive a reaction light beam emitted directly by the plant through the probe end in response to the excitation light beam, wherein the excitation light beam and the reaction light beam are configured to not cause an invasive damage to the plant;
a spectrometer, coupled to the light transceiver, the spectrometer configured to obtain an analytic optical spectrum corresponding to the reaction light beam;
a filtering apparatus, coupled between the light transceiver and the spectrometer, the filtering apparatus configured to filter out a wave component in part of the reaction light beam; and
a processing unit, coupled to the spectrometer, the processing unit configured to determine whether the plant has a pathogenic virus or not according to the analytic optical spectrum.

US Pat. No. 10,139,392

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR BREATH ANALYSIS

TEKNOLOGIAN TUTKIMUSKESKU...

1. A method for breath analysis, comprising:determining an isotopic composition profile of a first breath cycle;
determining a threshold by determining a predetermined absorption of a selected isotopologue, wherein the threshold is selected based on a difference between a first isotope ratio and a second isotope ratio;
determining a sampling time; and
measuring the isotopic composition, during a second breath cycle at the sampling time triggered by reaching the threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,139,391

EJECTION STRUCTURE AND CONNECTOR WITH EJECTION MECHANISM

TAIDOC TECHNOLOGY CORPORA...

1. A biosensor device for cooperating with a biosensor test strip via a connector disposed on a circuit board of the biosensor device to determine an analyte in a sample, the biosensor device comprising the connector and the connector comprising:a body having a first side disposed on the circuit board, a second side which is relative to the first side, a front end, and two lateral sides;
an opening at the front end which is disposed between the first side and the second side of the body for receiving the biosensor test strip;
an ejection guiding groove disposed on the second side of the body, and a front end of the ejection guiding groove communicating with the opening to contain one end of the biosensor test strip; and
an electrical conductor formed of a unitary component made of metal, and attached to the front end, and two lateral sides of the body to prevent an electrical interference from outside of the connector; and
an ejection element cooperating with the ejection guiding groove of the body, and comprising an actuating part slidely disposed in the ejection guiding groove such that the actuating part positioned at a rear end of the ejection guiding groove before ejecting the biosensor test strip and the actuating part positioned at the front end of the ejection guiding groove after ejecting the biosensor test strip.

US Pat. No. 10,139,390

ANALYSIS DEVICE

Hitachi High-Technologies...

1. An analysis device including a container holding a solution containing DNA or RNA, comprising:a film having a nanopore, configured to separate the container into two regions;
an electrode configured to apply a voltage to the solution;
a first Peltier device to control the temperature of the solution to a first temperature;
a second Peltier device coupled with the film to control the temperature of the film to a second temperature which is different from the first temperature; and a current detector to detect a current of the nanopore as the DNA or RNA passes through the nanopore,
wherein the nanopore includes a spring mechanism to control passing of the DNA or RNA through the nanopore, and
wherein the spring mechanism comprises an actin filament.

US Pat. No. 10,139,389

FLUORESCENCE DETECTION OF MECHANICAL DAMAGE

The Board of Trustees of ...

17. A method for detecting damage to an autonomous self-indicating material, the method comprising:a) irradiating an autonomous self-indicating material with ultraviolet light, wherein the material comprises a plurality of microcapsules encapsulating a non-emissive solution comprising an aggregation-induced emission (AIE) luminogen and a solvent;
wherein when the material is impacted by a sufficient force to damage it, one or more microcapsules are ruptured, the non-emissive solution is released from ruptured microcapsules, the luminogen aggregates at or near the point of rupture, and the aggregated luminogen is emissive to autonomically self-indicate a location where damage has occurred in the material; and
b) determining if a fluorescent signal is emitted by the luminogen;
wherein the absence of the fluorescent signal indicates that there is no damage to the material and the presence of the fluorescent signal autonomically self-indicates the location of damage to the material.

US Pat. No. 10,139,388

METHOD TO DETERMINE THE ABSORPTION COEFFICIENT IN TURBID MEDIA

QUASPEC B.V., Zevenhuize...

1. A method to determine the wavelength dependent absorption coefficient of an actual sample of a turbid medium without prior knowledge of an actual scattering coefficient using overlapping illumination and detection areas, wherein measurements are carried out using a single optical fiber for delivering a light beam towards the actual sample for illumination and for collecting a reflected light beam from the actual sample for detection, wherein a light spot of the delivered light beam used for illumination overlaps a light spot of the reflected light beam used for detection, the method comprising the steps of:a. retrieving a calibration spectrum from a reference measurement using a reference sample;
b. measuring the actual sample using the single optical fiber to deliver a light beam towards the actual sample to determine an absolute reflection spectrum using a raw spectrum measured on the actual sample and the calibration spectrum;
c. using the absolute reflection spectrum to determine the wavelength dependent absorption coefficient by minimizing the difference between the measured absolute reflection spectrum and a model function, wherein
d. the model function is modelled using a pre-determined equation based on prior knowledge of the combination of:
i. a dependence of an effective photon path length on a scattering phase function;
ii. a dependence of the absolute reflectance in the absence of absorption on the scattering phase function; and
iii. an assumed estimate for the scattering coefficient, wherein the effective photon path length and the absolute reflectance in the absence of absorption and are both a function of the assumed estimate for the scattering coefficient, wherein an influence of a mis-estimation of the scattering coefficient on the value of the absolute reflectance in the absence of absorption is at least partially compensated by the influence of the mis-estimation of the scattering coefficient on the value of the effective photon path length such that the wavelength dependent absorption coefficient of the actual sample of the turbid medium is determined without prior knowledge of the actual scattering coefficient of the actual sample.

US Pat. No. 10,139,387

QUARTZ CRYSTAL CHARACTERIZATION OF FRACTIONS DERIVED FROM CRACKED STREAMS

EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND E...

1. A method of characterizing a kerosene boiling range sample, comprising:disposing a quartz crystal in a vessel containing a kerosene boiling range sample;
heating the kerosene boiling range sample to a baseline temperature;
measuring a frequency of the quartz crystal at the baseline temperature during a first sampling period to obtain a baseline frequency;
heating the kerosene boiling range sample to an aging temperature and maintaining the sample at the aging temperature for an aging period;
returning the kerosene boiling range sample to the baseline temperature; and
measuring the frequency of the quartz crystal at the baseline temperature during a second sampling period to obtain an aged frequency, a difference between the baseline frequency and the aged frequency being indicative of a stability of the kerosene boiling range sample.

US Pat. No. 10,139,386

OPTICAL SENSOR FOR FLUID ANALYSIS

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A sensor for measuring a concentration of one or more types of ions, molecules or atoms in a fluid, comprising:at least one photo-detection device configured to measure a power of light incident thereon;
a first light source including a solid-state light emitting device, the first light source configured to emit light having a wavelength less than 240 nanometers incident on the fluid, and the at least one photo-detection device configured to receive light having passed through the fluid; and
a second light source including a solid-state light emitting device, the second light source configured to emit light having a wavelength less than 240 nanometers, different from the wavelength emitted by the first light source, incident on the fluid, the at least one photo-detection device configured to receive light having passed through the fluid,
wherein a spectral linewidth of at least one of the first and second light sources is less than 2 nanometers.

US Pat. No. 10,139,384

DATA FUSION FOR PERSONAL AIR POLLUTION EXPOSURE

Airviz Inc., Pittsburgh,...

1. A system for measuring and viewing air pollution exposure for a user, the system comprising:a data center comprising one or more computer servers;
means, associated with the user, for communicating user location data to the data center via a computer network;
a plurality of air quality sensors that each transmit air quality data to the data center via the computer network; and
a graphical display device that is in communication with the data center via the computer network, the graphical display device displaying a user interface for annotating an activity type according to time;
wherein the data center is programmed to:
receive the activity type from the graphical display device via the computer network;
receive the user location data from the means for communicating user location data to the data center, the user location data indexed in terms of time;
receive the air quality data from the plurality of air quality sensors, the air quality data indexed in terms of location of each of the air quality sensors and time;
calculate user air quality exposure measures for the activity type based on at least the air quality data for the location and time corresponding to the user location data; and
transmit the calculated user air quality exposure measures to the graphical display device for display by the graphical display device according to the activity type and the user location data.

US Pat. No. 10,139,383

REAL-TIME AIR MONITORING WITH MULTIPLE SENSING MODES

TricornTech Taiwan, Taip...

1. A gas detector comprising:a first gas sensor having a fluid inlet for receiving a gas sample and a fluid outlet for exhausting the gas sample, the first sensor having a first gas specificity and a first response time;
a second gas sensor having a fluid inlet for receiving the gas sample and a fluid outlet for exhausting the gas sample, the second sensor having a second gas specificity and a second response time, wherein the first gas specificity is different than the second gas specificity, the first response time is different than the second response time, or both the first gas specificity and the first response time are different than the second gas specificity and the second response time;
a readout and analysis circuit coupled to the first and second gas sensors to read and analyze data from the first and second gas sensors; and
a control circuit coupled to the readout and analysis circuit and to the first and second gas sensors, wherein the control circuit can execute logic that operates the first gas sensor, the second gas sensor, or both the first and second gas sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,139,382

DEVICE HAVING AN ARRAY OF SENSORS ON A SINGLE CHIP

UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND, C...

1. One or more nanoparticle gas sensors on a single chip, which sensors are configured to detect at least one type of gas, the device comprising:a single chip having a first semiconductor layer on top of a substrate layer;
a plurality of semiconductor electrodes etched from the first semiconductor layer; and
an adsorption layer for at least some of the one or more nanoparticle gas sensors which adsorbs a first type of gas and a first interfering compound, which adsorption layer includes deposits of either (a) first metal oxide nanoparticles and second metal oxide nanoparticles on a first subset of the plurality of semiconductor electrodes or (b) third metal oxide nanoparticles and first metal nanoparticles on the first subset of semiconductor electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,139,381

TOILET FOR FILTERING AND ANALYZING GAS COMPONENTS OF EXCRETIA

1. A toilet apparatus comprising:a toilet bowl comprising multiple apertures and a blower, the blower fluidly connected to one or more of the apertures; and
a housing fluidly connected to the blower, the housing comprising a gas permeable substrate and a gas chemical sensor, wherein the gas permeable substrate comprises a first side, a second side, intercalated sorbent media, and a desorption heater, wherein the desorption heater comprises a flash lamp heater.

US Pat. No. 10,139,380

PREMISE OCCUPANCY DETECTION BASED ON CO2 GAS CONCENTRATION

Ilan Abehassera

1. A system for detecting occupancy in a target space, the system comprising:a target closed space with limited exposure to open air;
a CO2 measurement device deployed within the target closed space;
a computing device coupled with the CO2 measurement device, and configured to calculate a Base CO2 Concentration (BCC) in the target closed space, an Average CO2 Concentration (ACC) produced by a living creature in the target closed space, and a Total CO2 Concentration (TCC) in the target closed space, based on CO2 measurement data collected by the CO2 measurement device; and
wherein the system for detecting occupancy determines occupancy by whether TCC exceeds a sum of BCC and ACC.

US Pat. No. 10,139,379

METHODS FOR OPTIMIZING MASS SPECTROMETER PARAMETERS

THERMO FINNIGAN LLC, San...

1. A method for determining optimal values of a mass spectral operating parameter for use in analyzing each of a plurality of compounds by mass spectrometry comprising:performing a survey liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LCMS) experiment, said experiment comprising a plurality of mass spectral measurements of each of at least one characteristic ion species of each respective compound as said each respective compound is introduced into a mass spectrometer during its elution from a chromatograph;
determining a respective elution time window of each characteristic ion species, based on the plurality of mass spectral measurements;
planning a minimum number of subsequent chromatography/mass spectrometry (LCMS) experiments, each subsequent LCMS experiment performed on a mixture consisting of a respective subset of the plurality of compounds, wherein the subset compounds of each subsequent experiment are chosen based on the determined elution time windows;
performing each of the subsequent LCMS experiments, wherein each subsequent experiment comprises a plurality of mass spectral measurements of each of the at least one characteristic ion species of each subset compound of said each subsequent experiment as said each respective subset compound is introduced into the mass spectrometer during its elution from the chromatograph, wherein, for each characteristic ion species, the operational parameter is caused to vary between successive mass spectral measurements of the said each characteristic ion species;
calculating, for each characteristic ion species, a corrected intensity of at least a portion of the plurality of mass spectral measurements of said each characteristic ion species measured during the planned subsequent LCMS experiments, based on a best-fit synthetic model curve that relates to the time variation of the elution of the respective corresponding compound quantity; and
determining the optimal values of the mass spectral operating parameter from analyses of the variation of the corrected intensities with respect to variation of the operational parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,139,378

METHODS OF DETERMINING MOLECULAR WEIGHT AND COMONOMER CHARACTERISTICS OF A COPOLYMER IN POLYMER BLENDS

ExxonMobil Chemical Paten...

1. A method of determining the molecular weight characteristics of the copolymer component in an impact copolymer (ICP) comprising at least one copolymer (EP) and at least one homopolymer (PP), the method comprising:a) eluting a solubilized ICP through a gel permeation chromatographic (GPC) column to form an eluate comprising the EP and/or PP;
b) measuring the Infrared (IR) absorption of at least the primary monomer-derived unit stretch frequency and the comonomer-derived unit in elution volume slices (Ve) to determine the amount of comonomer (SICP), and measuring the concentration of ICP (CICP) using any detector;
c) determining the mass concentration, comonomer composition at each Ve, and the total comonomer content (Tc2) of the ICP; and
d) for each Ve, calculating the amount of EP and PP using the following equations:
cEPhEP+cPPhPP=cICPhICP
cEPhEPsEP+cPPhPPsPP=cICPhICPsICP,wherein “c” is the concentration of ICP, EP and PP; “h” is the mass constant for EP, ICP, and PP; and “s” is the weight percent of comonomer for each of EP, ICP, and PP; and wherein:(i) when the total EP content (TEP) is known, SEP is equal to the Tc2/TEP, and/or
(ii) when the molecular weight characteristics of the PP is known, the value of SEP is chosen so that the CPP in each Ve has the same shape, and repeating the calculation until the CPP and the C?PP only differs by a multiplication factor.

US Pat. No. 10,139,377

PREPARATIVE SIZE-EXCLUSION CHROMATOGRAPHY FOR SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION OF WATER-STABLE CD-BASED QUANTUM DOTS

University of Puerto Rico...

1. A method for inhibiting unwanted interactions between thiol-capped Cd(Se,S) quantum dots (QDs) and the polymeric matrix of a column used on a high performance size exclusion chromatography (HPSEC) system when separating said thiol-capped Cd(Se,S) quantum dots (QDs), said method comprising:using thioglycolic acid (TGA) as an ion pair agent in the aqueous mobile phase of said (HPSEC) system, wherein said (TGA) generates a net negative charge on a surface of the polymeric matrix of said (HPSEC) and a net negative charge on a surface of said thiol-capped Cd(Se,S) quantum dots (QDs) so that both negative surface charges inhibit the interaction between the thiol-capped Cd(Se,S) quantum dots (QDs) and the polymeric matrix of said column when separating said thiol-capped Cd(Se,S) quantum dots (QDs).

US Pat. No. 10,139,376

SYSTEM FOR SENSING AND LOCATING DELAMINATION

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A system to monitor a composite system component, comprising:a plurality of sensors mounted proximate to the composite system component;
a signal processing unit to receive, from each sensor, a series of sensed values associated with the composite system component and to determine a kurtosis value for each series of sensed values;
a threshold exceedance detector to detect if at least one of the kurtosis values exceeds a threshold value;
a delamination location estimation unit to calculate an estimated location of a composite system component associated with a delamination alert signal based on calculated time difference delay values of detected signal impulses in the series of sensed values using at least four of the plurality of sensors;
a delamination alert output to transmit a composite system component delamination alert signal, along with the estimation location, when at least one of the kurtosis values exceeds the threshold;
wherein the signal processing unit is associated with a digital twin of a twinned physical system, the twinned physical system including the composite system component;
wherein the digital twin comprises:
one or more digital twin sensors to sense values of one or more designated parameters of the twinned physical system;
a computer processor to receive data associated with the one or more digital twin sensors and programmed to:
for at least a selected portion of the twinned physical system, execute at least one of: (i) a monitoring process to monitor a condition of the selected portion of the twinned physical system based at least in part on the sensed values of the one or more designated parameters, and (ii) an assessing process to assess a remaining useful life of the selected portion of the twinned physical system based at least in part on the sensed values of the one or more designated parameters and
a communication port coupled to the computer processor to transmit information associated with a result generated by the computer processor,
wherein the one or more digital twin sensors are to sense values of the one or more designated parameters, and the computer processor is to execute at least one of the monitoring and assessing processes, when the twinned physical system is not operating.

US Pat. No. 10,139,375

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR MONITORING QUALITY OF HYDRAULIC FLUID IN ELECTRO-HYDRAULIC (EH) VALVE

Caterpillar Inc., Deerfi...

1. A method for monitoring a quality of a hydraulic fluid in an electro-hydraulic (EH) valve, the method comprising:applying a predetermined signal to a solenoid coil, surrounding a pusher pin in the EH valve, to facilitate oscillation of the pusher pin to change static friction, between the pusher pin and a cavity of the EH valve, to dynamic friction,
the EH valve comprising a housing defining the cavity,
the cavity having an end wall,
the cavity slidably receiving the pusher pin,
the pusher pin having a first end and a second end,
the hydraulic fluid being received between the first end of the pusher pin and the end wall,
the oscillation of the pusher pin generating an acoustic wave that propagates through the hydraulic fluid; and
determining the quality of the hydraulic fluid based on one or more characteristics of the acoustic wave detected by an acoustic sensor positioned on the end wall.

US Pat. No. 10,139,374

DETECTION SYSTEM AND DETECTION METHOD

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A detection system comprising:a plurality of first sensors each configured to detect an elastic wave generated from a structure, and convert the elastic wave into a detection signal;
a second sensor configured to detect a noise propagating from surroundings, and convert the noise into a reference signal;
a first calculator configured to calculate a plurality of difference detection signals, a difference detection signal being calculated by subtracting the reference signal from the detection signal; and
a second calculator configured to calculate a position of a generation source of the elastic wave from the plurality of difference detection signals.

US Pat. No. 10,139,373

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR THE NEAR SURFACE, NONDESTRUCTIVE INSPECTION BY MEANS OF ULTRASOUND OF A ROTATIONALLY SYMMETRIC WORKPIECE HAVING A DIAMETER THAT CHANGES FROM SECTION TO SECTION

1. A method for a near-surface, non-destructive inspection by ultrasound of a solid rotationally symmetric workpiece having a diameter that changes from section to section, the method comprising:a) insonifying an ultrasonic test pulse into the workpiece at a coupling location at a defined insonification angle, wherein a series of the ultrasonic test pulse is obliquely insonified into the workpiece and an angle of the series of the ultrasonic test pulse changes with respect to the series of obliquely insonified test pulse;
b) recording an ultrasonic echo signal from the workpiece;
c) selecting a travel time interval depending on a sound path of the ultrasonic test pulse in the workpiece, a start of the travel time interval being defined based on a highest possible sound velocity for the ultrasonic test pulse in the workpiece and an end of the travel time interval being defined based on a lowest possible sound velocity for the ultrasonic test pulse in the workpiece, the selected travel time interval corresponding to a near-surface region of the workpiece and defining a region of interest (ROI);
d) generating an echo value by analyzing the ultrasonic echo signal in the selected travel time interval, wherein a largest amplitude of the ultrasonic echo signal occurring in the selected travel time interval is used as the echo value; and
e) generating a graphic representation of a surface of the workpiece, wherein the echo value is depicted in the graphic representation on the surface of the workpiece in a spatially resolved manner.

US Pat. No. 10,139,372

TWO-STAGE CORROSION UNDER INSULATION DETECTION METHODOLOGY AND MODULAR VEHICLE WITH DUAL LOCOMOTION SENSORY SYSTEMS

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A method for detecting corrosion under insulation within insulated equipment using at least one device supporting an infrared detector and at least one pulsed eddy current (PEC) sensor, the method comprising:detecting, at one or more locations along the insulated equipment with the infrared detector, infrared waves emitted from the insulated equipment;
developing, using the infrared waves detected by the infrared detector, at least one image of an inner surface of the insulated equipment at the one or more locations based on the detected infrared waves;
determining, using a processor configured by code executing therein, at least one area that is susceptible to corrosion under insulation based on the at least one developed image;
storing positioning data corresponding to the at least one susceptible area in a database;
returning the device to the at least one susceptible area based on the stored positioning data;
inspecting, with the at least one PEC sensor, the at least one susceptible area on the insulated equipment, wherein the step of inspecting comprises:
generating a magnetic field,
penetrating a metallic jacket of the insulated equipment with the generated magnetic field to magnetize an inner wall of the equipment, thereby inducing an eddy current in the inner wall, and
monitoring a decay in strength of the eddy current over time; and
determining, using the processor configured by code executing therein, whether any corrosion under insulation exists at the at least one susceptible area based on a rate of the decay in strength of the eddy current.

US Pat. No. 10,139,371

CASING DEFECT DETERMINATION USING EDDY CURRENT TECHNIQUES

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A system for characterizing a casing, comprising:an excitation source of a casing evaluation tool, wherein the excitation source comprises one or more transmitter electromagnetic coils configured to:
generate and direct a plurality of excitation signals toward a plurality of casings in a wellbore;
a receiver of the casing evaluation tool, wherein the receiver comprises one or more receiver electromagnetic coils configured to:
receive a plurality of response signals based on the plurality of excitation signals; and
one or more processors configured to:
receive the plurality of received response signals;
determine a small defect information for each of the plurality of received response signals based on a time-domain response associated with each of the plurality of received response signals; and
determine one or more characteristics of a first defect in the plurality of casings by summing the small defect information for each of the plurality of received response signals, wherein the determining the one or more characteristics comprises using a forward model.

US Pat. No. 10,139,370

INSPECTION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DISPOSING MAGNETO-OPTICAL CRYSTAL

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. An inspection device comprising:a light source configured to output light;
a magneto-optical crystal disposed to face a measurement object;
a lens configured to concentrate the light onto the magneto-optical crystal;
a holder configured to hold the magneto-optical crystal;
a flexible member interposed between the magneto-optical crystal and the holder; and
a drive configured to cause the magneto-optical crystal to contact the measurement object by moving the holder in an optical axis direction of the lens,
wherein the flexible member bends to enable an incident plane to incline in a range in which an inclination angle of the incident plane of the light in the magneto-optical crystal with respect to a plane orthogonal to the optical axis is equal to or less than an aperture angle of the lens when the magneto-optical crystal contacts with the measurement object, and
wherein the magneto-optical crystal has a reflective film on a surface in contact with the measurement object, reflecting a part of the light and transmitting a part of the light.

US Pat. No. 10,139,369

MASS SPECTROMETER

Hitachi High-Technologies...

1. A mass spectrometer device comprising:an ion source;
an ion mobility separation unit;
a mass spectrometer;
a first flow passageway for causing ions from the ion source to be introduced into the mass spectrometer by passing through the ion mobility separation unit;
a second flow passageway for causing the ions from the ion source to be introduced into the mass spectrometer without passing through the ion mobility separation unit; and
a blocking mechanism for selectively blocking the passage of the ions from the ion source through the first flow passageway or the second flow passageway,
wherein an introduction opening of the first flow passageway and an introduction opening of the second flow passageway are disposed at equivalent distances from the ion source.

US Pat. No. 10,139,368

PROCESS AND SYSTEM FOR FACILITATING CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION IN A DETECTOR

SMITHS DETECTION-WATFORD ...

1. A process for determining the ratio of Cl—to Cl—.OOH reactant ion species formed in a pentachloroethane doped ion mobility spectrometer operating in the negative mode, the process comprising:introducing a sample comprising isoflurane into a pentachloroethane doped ion mobility spectrometer;
collecting data relevant to the detection of two isoflurane monomer ions, the two isoflurane monomer ions being formed following reaction of the sample with Cl— and Cl—.OOH reactant ion species present in the pentachloroethane doped ion mobility spectrometer; and
determining the ratio of Cl— to Cl—.OOH reactant ion species formed in the pentachloroethane doped ion mobility spectrometer based on an evaluation of the data collected.

US Pat. No. 10,139,367

ION MOBILITY SPECTROMETER WITH ION MODIFICATION

SMITHS DETECTION-WATFORD ...

1. An ion mobility spectrometer comprising:a sample inlet comprising an aperture arranged to allow a sample of gaseous fluid to flow from an ambient pressure region to a low pressure region of the ion mobility spectrometer to be ionised;
an ioniser disposed in the low pressure region of the ion mobility spectrometer and configured to ionise the sample;
an ion modifier configured to modify ions in the low pressure region, wherein the ions are obtained from the sample of gaseous fluid, wherein the ion modifier comprises two electrodes spaced apart in the direction of movement of the ions towards the detector;
a controller arranged to control gas pressure in the low pressure region to be lower than ambient pressure, wherein the controller is configured to control the ion modifier in a first mode to subject ions to an alternating electric field to modify the ions as they pass through the ion modifier, and to control the ion modifier in a second mode to allow ions to pass through the ion modifier; and
a detector configured to measure a time of flight associated with the ions travelling from the ioniser, wherein the detector is configured to provide a signal to the controller indicating arrival of ions.

US Pat. No. 10,139,366

ION MOBILITY SPECTROMETRY (IMS) DEVICE WITH CHARGED MATERIAL TRANSPORTATION CHAMBER

SMITHS DETECTION MONTREAL...

1. A method of manufacturing a charged material transportation chamber for an ion detection assembly, the method comprising:drawing, by an application tool, a patterned resistive trace comprising a fine line of resistive ink forming a plurality of adjacent segments on an interior surface of a longitudinal chamber formed of at least one of substantially non-conductive material or semi-conductive material, the interior surface of the longitudinal chamber defining a void cylindrical cavity forming a drift region, the patterned resistive trace configured to connect to a source of electrical energy, wherein the patterned resistive trace forms one or more electrodes configured to draw ions along the drift region, and the plurality of adjacent segments of the fine line of resistive ink extend from a first end of the longitudinal chamber to a second end of the longitudinal chamber, the second end being longitudinally opposite the first end;
longitudinally advancing the chamber with respect to the application tool;
rotating the chamber with respect to the application tool while drawing the patterned resistive trace;
connecting the plurality of adjacent segments of the patterned resistive trace to one another and to a connector of the chamber by drawing a longitudinal resistive trace on the interior surface of the longitudinal chamber from the first end of the longitudinal chamber to the second end of the longitudinal chamber that connects the plurality of adjacent segments of the patterned resistive trace and the connector so that the patterned resistive trace is physically continuous, the connector configured to connect the patterned resistive trace to the source of electrical energy;
placing an inlet assembly in fluid communication with the longitudinal chamber, the inlet assembly comprising an inlet for receiving a sample, a reaction region for ionizing the sample, and a gate for controlling entrance of the ionized sample to the longitudinal chamber; and
placing a collector assembly in fluid communication with the longitudinal chamber, the collector assembly comprising a collector plate for collecting the ionized sample after the ionized sample passes through the longitudinal chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,139,365

METAL OXIDE PH SENSOR

COMMONWEALTH SCIENTIFIC A...

1. A pH sensor comprising a metal oxide-polymer composite, comprising:a continuous polymer resin matrix; and
a solid particulate component dispersed in the polymer resin matrix comprising (i) particulate metal oxides and (ii) a particulate carbon-based conductor,
wherein the particulate metal oxides comprise Ta2O5 and RuO2 in a weight ratio based on Ta:Ru in the range of from 90:10 to 10:90.

US Pat. No. 10,139,364

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DEVICE WITH ADAPTATIONS FOR MULTIPLEXED BIOSENSING

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. An integrated circuit, comprising:a plurality of device regions;
a device layer comprising a semiconductor active layer having a first side and a second side opposite the first side; and
a multilayer metal interconnect structure disposed above the first side of the semiconductor active layer;
wherein each of the plurality of device regions comprises:
a temperature sensor disposed in the device layer,
a heating element disposed in the device layer and aligned over a portion of the temperature sensor,
and
at least one field effect transistor disposed in the device layer, each of the at least one field effect transistor comprising:
a source region, a drain region, and a channel region in the semiconductor active layer, and
a gate dielectric layer disposed on the second side of the semiconductor active layer.

US Pat. No. 10,139,363

BHF SOLUTION CONCENTRATION MEASUREMENT DEVICE AND BHF SOLUTION CONCENTRATION MEASUREMENT METHOD

HORIBA, LTD., Kyoto-shi,...

1. A buffered hydrofluoric acid (BHF) solution concentration measurement device that measures a hydrofluoric acid (HF) concentration in a BHF solution comprising at least ammonium fluoride (NH4F) and HF in water, the BHF solution concentration measurement device comprising:a relationship storage unit, executed on a processor, that stores relationships between a pH of the BHF solution and an HF concentration based on the NH4F concentration of the BHF solution;
a pH meter, including a first electrode and a reference electrode, that measures the pH of the BHF solution; and
a concentration calculation unit, executed on the processor, that refers to the relationships stored in the relationship storage unit, and calculates the HF concentration from pH values measured by the pH meter, wherein
the HF concentration in the BHF solution is between 1 part-per-million (ppm) and 500 ppm.

US Pat. No. 10,139,362

SENSOR HEAD, ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSOR, AND METHOD FOR USING ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSOR

OMRON HEALTHCARE CO., LTD...

1. A packaged sensor head for performing electrochemical measurement, comprising:a mounting surface having insulation property;
a first electrode and a second electrode arranged on the mounting surface in a spaced-apart manner from each other;
a liquid retaining material arranged on the mounting surface in a state where the liquid retaining material covers the first electrode and the second electrode integrally, wherein the liquid retaining material is provided in the form of a sheet, and the liquid retaining material has liquid permeation properties that allow a liquid to be measured to permeate the liquid retaining material provided in a form of a sheet toward the first electrode and the second electrode, and wherein the liquid retaining material is impregnated with a standard liquid that is used as a reference in the electrochemical measurement;
a liquid blocking film which blocks permeation of the liquid, the liquid blocking film being removably arranged between the liquid retaining material and the first and second electrodes, wherein the first electrode includes a first core material having electric conductivity, a first envelope surrounding the first core material and having insulation property, and a first inner liquid for measurement of ion concentration which is filled between the first envelope and the first core material,
the second electrode includes a second core material having electric conductivity, a second envelope surrounding the second core material and having insulation property, and a second inner liquid for measurement of ion concentration which is filled between the second envelope and the second core material, and
a first window portion and a second window portion which are capable of allowing a contact between the first inner liquid, the second inner liquid and the standard liquid or the liquid to be measured are respectively formed on a surface of the first envelope and a surface of the second envelope which face the liquid retaining material in an opposed manner.

US Pat. No. 10,139,360

AUTOMATIC CODING DEVICE, BIOSENSOR WITH SAME AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR

LEADWAY (HK) LIMITED, Ho...

1. A biosensor, comprising:an insulating base plate, and a working electrode (41) and a counter electrode (42) that are positioned on the insulating base plate, at least one of the working electrode (41) and the counter electrode (42) being provided with a reaction reagent layer,
the biosensor further comprising an automatic encoding device, wherein the automatic encoding device comprises an electrode system positioned on the insulating base plate; the electrode system comprises a first electrode (11), a second electrode (12), and a third electrode (13); the first electrode (11), the second electrode (12), and the third electrode (13) respectively comprise a first contact (21), a second contact (22), and a third contact (23) which are electrically connected with a detection instrument; the first electrode (11) and the second electrode (12) are selectively electrically connected with a first connecting point (31); the second electrode (12) and the third electrode (13) are selectively electrically connected with a second connecting point (32),
wherein (i) the location of the first connecting point (31) is configured and arranged to provide a loop formed by the first contact (21), the first connecting point (31), and the second contact (22) that encodes a predetermined electric parameter R1, (ii) the location of the second connecting point (32) is configured and arranged to provide a loop formed by the second contact (22), the second connecting point (32), and the third contact (23) that encodes a predetermined electric parameter R2, and (iii) the location of the first connecting point (31) and the second connecting point (32) are configured and arranged to provide a loop formed by the first contact (21), the first connecting point (31), the second connecting point (32), and the third contact (23) that encodes a predetermined electric parameter R3; and
wherein values of predetermined electric parameters R1, R2, and R3 are selected to encode one or more parameters S1, S2, and S3 related to the identity or operation of the biosensor according to one or more of the following formulas:

wherein K1, K2, and K3 are correction coefficients, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,139,359

SENSOR CONTROL APPARATUS AND GAS DETECTION SYSTEM

NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.,...

1. A sensor control apparatus for controlling a gas sensor including a detection cell which produces an electromotive force corresponding to a particular component contained in an object gas and an oxygen pump cell which performs pumping in or pumping out of oxygen in accordance with a pump current supplied to the oxygen pump cell, the sensor control apparatus comprising:a multiplexer configured to receive as input a plurality of analog signals, including at least the electromotive force of the detection cell, classify each of the plurality of analog signals as either a high occurrence-frequency signal or a low occurrence-frequency signal, and output the plurality of analog signals one by one in a predetermined order in an all signal output period during which all of the plurality of analog signals are output, with each high occurrence frequency signal output two or more times in the all signal output period and each low occurrence-frequency signal output once in the all signal output period;
an analog-to-digital conversion section configured to convert the plurality of analog signals output from the multiplexer to digital values, including at least a digital value of the electromotive force;
a supply control value computation section configured to digitally compute a supply control value for the pump current supplied to the oxygen pump cell on the basis of the digital value of the electromotive force; and
a digital-to-analog conversion section configured to generate the pump current supplied to the oxygen pump cell on the basis of a digital signal representing the supply control value for the pump current,
wherein, the multiplexer classifies at least the electromotive force as a high occurrence-frequency signal.

US Pat. No. 10,139,358

METHOD FOR CHARACTERIZATION OF A LAYERED STRUCTURE

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method comprising:fitting a spectroscopic data of a first layer in a layered structure to a dielectric function (?) having a real part (?1) and an imaginary part (i?2), the dielectric function (?) having a formula:
?=?1±i?2;
repeating the fitting the spectroscopic data, or defining an n degree polynomial to the dielectric function;
determining a second derivative and a third derivative of the n degree polynomial;
equating the second derivative to a first governing equation and the third derivative to a second governing equation and determining a constant of the first governing equation and the second governing equation;
based on the key governing equations, determining one or more of a band gap, a thickness, and a concentration of the first layer;
repeating, simultaneously, for a second layer of the layered structure to determine one or more of a band gap, a thickness, and a concentration of the second layer;
monitoring, by a fabricator, an unfinished product of the layered structure at various times for defects or process excursions; and
taking, by the fabricator, a remedial action as necessary to address defects or process excursions prior to completion of a finished product.

US Pat. No. 10,139,357

X-RAY MULTIGRAIN CRYSTALLOGRAPHY

Xnovo Technology ApS, Ko...

1. A method of determining one or more unit cells of a poly-crystalline sample and indexing a set DV of 3D diffraction vectors obtained by illuminating said poly-crystalline sample with an X-ray source at one or more orientations and recording diffraction spots using a at least one 2D or 3D X-ray detector for each of said one or more orientations, said set DV of 3D diffraction vectors being indexed into a plurality of grains, said method comprising the steps of:(A) obtaining a plurality of candidate first lattice plane normal vectors and a plurality of candidate second lattice plane normal vectors for a particular unknown grain; using said plurality of candidate first lattice plane normal vectors and said plurality of candidate second lattice plane normal vectors to select a plurality of subsets SSDV_n of the set DV of 3D diffraction vectors and processing said plurality of subsets SSDV_n of 3D diffraction vectors to determine a primary candidate unit cell PCUC defined by three lattice vectors; wherein the correspondence of the primary candidate unit cell PCUC is validated by evaluating the fit of the PCUC with the full set DV of 3D diffraction vectors; and
(B) determining if the fit of primary candidate unit cell PCUC with the full set DV of 3D diffraction vectors is above a first threshold;
wherein if the fit of the primary candidate unit cell PCUC is above said first threshold the primary candidate unit cell PCUC is used to identify a subset ST of the set DV of 3D diffraction vectors originating from a single grain in the poly-crystalline sample, said subset ST is indexed wherein the method returns to step (A) unless a predetermined criteria has been reached;
wherein step (A) further comprises the steps of
(a) selecting a set L1 of candidate first lattice plane normal vectors;
(b) evaluating the fit of each candidate first lattice plane normal vector of the set L1 with the set DV of 3D diffraction vectors;
(c) selecting a subset SL1 of the set L1 comprising the N1 candidate first lattice plane normal vectors having the best fit with the set DV of 3D diffraction vectors;
(d) performing steps (d_a) to (d_g) for each candidate first lattice plane normal vector n of the subset SL1:
(d_a) using said candidate first lattice plane normal vector n to select a subset SDV_n of the set DV of 3D diffraction vectors;
(d_b) selecting a set L2_n of candidate second lattice plane normal vectors;
(d_c) evaluating the fit of each candidate second lattice plane normal vector of the set L2_n with the subset SDV_n of 3D diffraction vectors;
(d_d) selecting a subset SL2_n of the set L2_n comprising the N2 candidate second lattice plane normal vectors having the best fit with the subset SDV_n of 3D diffraction vectors;
(d_e) using said subset SL2_n of candidate second lattice plane normal vectors to select a subset SSDV_n of the subset SDV_n of 3D diffraction vectors;
(d_f) processing said subset SSDV_n of 3D diffraction vectors to determine a candidate unit cell CUC_n defined by three lattice vectors;
(d_g) evaluating the fit of the candidate unit cell CUC_n with the set DV of 3D diffraction vectors;
wherein the candidate unit cell of the N1 candidate unit cells CUC_n (n=1 to N1) having the best fit with the full set DV of 3D diffraction vectors is selected as the primary candidate unit cell PCUC.

US Pat. No. 10,139,356

DEVICES AND SYSTEMS FOR SPATIAL AGGREGATION OF SPECTRAL ANALYSIS FROM ELECTRON MICROSCOPES

EDAX, Incorporated, Mahw...

1. A method for spatially aggregating spectra comprising:acquiring a central spectrum at a central sampling location on a sample and a plurality of adjacent spectra at adjacent sampling locations on the sample using an x-ray spectrometer and an electron microscope; and
aggregating the central spectrum with one or more of the plurality of adjacent spectra acquired from the x-ray spectrometer to produce an aggregated spectrum, such that the aggregated spectrum has increased statistics relative to the central spectrum.

US Pat. No. 10,139,355

METHOD FOR HIGH PRECISION IMAGING FOR THREE-DIMENSIONAL TOPOGRAPHY OF CRACKS IN HYDRAULIC FRACTURING TEST OF ROCKS

Institute of Geology and ...

1. A system for high precision imaging for three-dimensional topography of cracks in a rock hydraulic fracturing test, comprising: a high precision rotary hydraulic fracturing testing machine for rocks and a laboratorial x-ray industrial CT,wherein said high precision rotary hydraulic fracturing testing machine for rocks includes a frame, a support device, a rotation device, a peripheral pressurizing device and an axial pressurizing device at least partially disposed within the frame as well as a high pressure water pump at least partially disposed outside the frame,
wherein the support device is used for clamping a rock sample from upper and lower sides of the rock sample, the rotation device is connected with the support device and used for rotating the rock sample, the peripheral pressurizing device is disposed to surround the rock sample and used for applying pressure on periphery of the rock sample, the axial pressurizing device is provided below the rotation device and used for applying axial pressure to the rock sample, the high pressure water pump is used for supplying fracturing fluid into the rock sample to form fractured cracks within the rock sample,
wherein the laboratorial x-ray industrial CT is used for forming a CT image of the fractured cracks in the rock sample,
wherein the fracturing fluid is solution containing fluorine nuclides, and the system further comprises a high resolution planar array SiPM detector for nuclides which is used for receiving optical signals emitted by fluorine nuclides in the fractured cracks and then converting the optical signals into electrical signals for imaging.

US Pat. No. 10,139,354

SPECTRAL X-RAY IMAGING

PRISMATIC SENSORS, Stock...

1. An image processing method for medical imaging including processing a radiographic image acquired with at least two energy levels, said method comprising the steps of:providing (S1), to a processing circuitry and memory, energy-resolved image data, either from a detector or from an intermediate data storage, the energy-resolved image data representative of said radiographic image with at least two energy levels; and
generating, by way of the processing circuitry and memory, at least one image representation for medical imaging by decomposing (S2) said provided image data into at least one basis image representation, based on a model where a combination of at least two basis functions is used to express a representation of at least one linear attenuation coefficient, where at least one ordinary basis function models a physical material, and an NLPV basis function models the Non-Linear Partial Volume (NLPV) effect,
wherein said at least one other basis function that models the NLPV effect is constructed by:
selecting (S11) a set of at least one ordinary basis function, such that the energy dependent linear attenuation coefficients of homogeneous materials in the image volume can be described by a linear combination of the basis functions in the set,
determining (S12) the fraction of transmitted photons as a function of energy for a detector element situated behind an inhomogeneous region of materials, as seen from the source, taking into account the spatially extended nature of either the detector, the source or both, and
determining (S13) at least one NLPV basis function as the linear attenuation coefficient of a fictious material which, if one unit of distance of a homogeneous slab of this material were traversed by an x-ray beam, would give the same transmitted photon fraction as a function of energy as said calculated fraction which is transmitted through an inhomogeneous region.

US Pat. No. 10,139,353

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR EXAMINING COMPONENTS COMPRISING LAID FIBER COMPOSITE FABRICS OR WOVEN FIBER COMPOSITE FABRICS

VOLUME GRAPHICS GMBH, He...

1. An apparatus for examining a component comprising laid fiber composite fabrics or woven fiber composite fabrics which comprise a number of thin plies with in part different alignment, comprising:a measuring device for carrying out a non-destructive measurement to collect volumetric data of the component; and
an evaluation device for evaluating the collected data of the component, wherein evaluation by the evaluation device comprises selecting a first analysis region in the collected data of the component, determining a local coordinate system of the first analysis region, successively establishing local material properties of the component layer-by-layer at predetermined distances in a relative direction perpendicular to a lateral extent of the first analysis region, detecting ply boundaries along the established local material properties, and averaging the local material properties in each detected ply.

US Pat. No. 10,139,352

MEASUREMENT OF SMALL BOX SIZE TARGETS

KLA-Tenor Corporation, M...

1. A method comprising:providing illumination radiation to a first plurality of small metrology targets and a plurality of large metrology targets disposed on a specimen, the illumination radiation provided by an illumination source of a metrology tool, the illumination radiation projected onto the first plurality of small metrology targets and the plurality of large metrology targets with an illumination spot size, wherein one or more of the first plurality of small metrology targets and one or more of the large metrology targets are located in close proximity to one another, and wherein each of the first plurality of small metrology targets occupies a smaller area than each of the plurality of large metrology targets;
detecting an amount of radiation from the first plurality of small metrology targets and the plurality of large metrology targets specimen in response to the illumination radiation, the amount of radiation detected by a detector of the metrology tool;
generating a measured response associated with the first plurality of small metrology targets and the plurality of large metrology targets based on the detected amounts of radiation, the measured response comprising a first set of measurement signals;
training a signal reconstruction model that maps the measurement signals generated from the measurements of the first plurality of small metrology targets to the measurement signals generated from the measurements of the plurality of large metrology targets;
providing illumination radiation to a second plurality of small metrology targets disposed on the specimen, the illumination radiation provided by the illumination source of the metrology tool, the illumination radiation projected onto the second plurality of small metrology targets with the illumination spot size, wherein each of the second plurality of small metrology targets occupies a smaller area than each of the plurality of large metrology targets;
detecting an amount of radiation from the second plurality of small metrology targets in response to the illumination radiation, the amount of radiation detected by the detector of the metrology tool;
generating a measured response associated with the second plurality of small metrology targets based on the detected amounts of radiation, the measured response comprising a second set of measurement signals; and
determining reconstructed measurement signals for each small metrology target of the second plurality of small metrology targets based on the second set of measurement signals and the trained signal reconstruction model.

US Pat. No. 10,139,351

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CONTINUOUSLY INSPECTING CONTAINERS

Krones AG, Neutraubling ...

1. An inspection device for continuously inspecting fed containers, in particular bottles, comprising:a feed conveying device configured to feed containers to the inspection device in succession,
a discharge conveying device configured to discharge the inspected containers,
a throughput station for the containers, which is arranged between the feed conveying device and the discharge conveying device, and
a bottom inspection station in an area of the throughput station, said bottom inspection station being configured to inspect bottoms of passing containers,
wherein the throughput station comprises a conveyor arrangement with an individual drive and a plurality of conveying units, which are movable by means of the individual drive individually and independently of one another, the conveyor arrangement being configured to convey the containers from the feed conveying device to the discharge conveying device,
wherein the individual drive is a linear motor drive,
wherein the plurality of conveying units are configured as carriages, which are movable individually and independently of one another via magnetic interaction with the linear motor drive, and
wherein the conveyor arrangement additionally comprises an open-loop and/or closed-loop control unit, which is configured to move the conveying units from a pick-up site for the containers at the feed conveying device to a discharge site for the containers at the discharge conveying device.

US Pat. No. 10,139,350

IMAGE INSPECTION APPARATUS, IMAGE INSPECTION METHOD, IMAGE INSPECTION PROGRAM, COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM AND RECORDING DEVICE

Keyence Corporation, Osa...

1. An image inspection apparatus for performing visual inspection of a workpiece, the apparatus comprising:three or more illumination sections which are arranged in an annular shape for illuminating the workpiece from mutually different illumination directions;
an illumination controlling section for turning on the three or more illumination sections one by one in a turning-on order;
an imaging section for capturing an image of the workpiece from a certain direction at illumination timing for turning on each of the illumination sections by the illumination controlling section, to capture a plurality of partial illumination images with different illumination directions, wherein the imaging section is provided separately from the illumination section and moves independently of the illumination section to adjust a distance to the workpiece;
a normal vector calculating section for calculating a normal vector with respect to a surface of the workpiece at each of pixels by a photometric stereo method by use of a pixel value of each of pixels having a corresponding relation among the plurality of partial illumination images captured by the imaging section; and
an installation auxiliary section for indicating the rotational position of the illumination sections in a circumferential direction and supporting a user to install the illumination sections and the imaging section in accordance with a predetermined installing setting in order to correctly calculate the normal vector by the normal vector calculating section; and
a determination section for determining presence or absence of a flaw on the surface of the workpiece based on the normal vector.

US Pat. No. 10,139,349

DIAGNOSIS OF CANCER

TODOS MEDICAL LTD., Airp...

1. A method for indicating whether a subject has a solid tumor in breast tissue of the subject, the method comprising:isolating, using a gradient, a blood plasma sample from a peripheral blood sample taken from the subject;
drying, using a dryer, the blood plasma sample of the subject;
measuring an infrared (IR) spectrum of the dried blood plasma sample of the subject by analyzing the dried blood plasma sample by infrared spectroscopy, and assessing a characteristic of the dried blood plasma sample at at least one wavenumber selected from the group consisting of: 743±4 cm-1, 759±4 cm-1, 793±4 cm-1, 808±4 cm-1, 895±4 cm-1, 967±4 cm-1, 987±4 cm-1, 997±4 cm-1, 1008±4 cm-1, 1048±4 cm-1, 1255±4 cm-1, 1283±4 cm-1, 1372±4 cm-1, 1393±4 cm-1 and 1555±4 cm-1;
using a data processor, comparing at the at least one wavenumber (a) the infrared spectrum of the dried blood plasma sample of the subject to (b) an infrared spectrum obtained from a dried plasma sample from a person without a solid tumor, to detect a difference between the infrared spectrum of the dried plasma sample of the subject and the infrared spectrum obtained from the dried plasma sample from the person without a solid tumor; and
based on the comparing, generating an output indicative of the presence of a solid tumor in breast tissue of the subject.

US Pat. No. 10,139,348

LIGHTGUIDE AGGREGATE INSPECTION DEVICE AND INSPECTION METHOD OF THE SAME

UNIVERSAL BIO RESEARCH CO...

1. A lightguide aggregate inspection device comprising:a reaction spot array including multiple reaction spot array elements having at least one reaction spot in which reaction related to inspection is performed, and which is provided at a predefined different position identifiable from an outside;
a light-receiving element array having a light-receiving surface provided with multiple light-receiving regions each having at least one light-receiving element corresponding to each of the reaction spot array elements, and receiving light obtained based on an optical state that can result from reaction in each of the reaction spots;
multiple lightguide paths provided to correspond to the reaction spot array elements, and each having a measurement end provided to be close to or in contact with, or to be movable close to or into contact with 1 of the reaction spots, and a connection end provided to be close to or in contact with the light-receiving region;
a digital data conversion unit configured to sequentially convert multiple image region data sequentially obtained, at a prescribed period, from the light-receiving elements corresponding to the light-receiving regions, into digital data to obtain multiple digital data for each of the light-receiving regions;
a storage means configured to sequentially store the digital data; and
an analysis means configured to analyze a temporal change in an optical state of each reaction spot array element, based on the digital data, and concurrently perforin inspection for each reaction spot array element.

US Pat. No. 10,139,347

MEASUREMENT OF NOBLE GAS ADSORPTION VIA LASER-INDUCED BREAKDOWN SPECTROSCOPY FOR WETTABILITY DETERMINATION

HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVIC...

1. A method for determining surface wettability of a sample, comprising:a) contacting a surface of the sample with noble gas;
b) measuring LIBS spectral data on an amount of noble gas or a change in the amount of noble gas that is adsorbed by the sample;
c) measuring spatial information on pore surface area, pore size, pore shape, pore volume, correction for the pore surface area, the pore size, the pore shape, or pore volume of the sample, or a second sample that has a similar composition and structure;
d) measuring or calculating information on an amount of pore surface area for each different wettability type the sample, wherein the sample comprises mixed wettability;
e) determining wettability information on the at least one sample using calibration data sets developed for LIBS spectral data, with input from information on pore surface areas, pore sizes, pore shapes, or pore volumes and mixed wettability;
f) determining spatially resolved wettability information for the sample or the second sample using the wettability information and the spatial information.

US Pat. No. 10,139,346

OPTICAL MICROSCOPY SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR RAMAN SCATTERING WITH ADAPTIVE OPTICS

HORIBA JOBIN YVON SAS, L...

1. A Raman microscopy or Raman microspectrometry apparatus of confocal type, said apparatus comprising:a laser source suitable for emitting a laser beam at an excitation wavelength ?;
a microscope objective suitable for receiving the laser beam and focusing the laser beam in an image plane of the microscope objective, the focused laser beam being intended to illuminate a sample;
an optical system suitable for collecting a scattering optical beam on the sample;
a filter suitable for receiving the scattering optical beam and separating the scattering optical beam into a Rayleigh scattering beam and a Raman scattering beam;
a detection system comprising a spectrometer suitable for detecting and measuring the Raman scattering beam collected;
a confocal hole positioned between the microscope objective and the detection system; and
an adaptive optics system positioned on an optical path of the Raman scattering beam,
wherein said adaptive optics system is configured to form the image of an energy distribution inside the confocal hole on the entrance slit of the spectrometer in such a way as to obtain an energy distribution in a direction of a height of the slit.

US Pat. No. 10,139,343

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CHEMILUMINESCENCE AND/OR FLUORESCENCE MEASURING

Technogenetics Holdings S...

1. An apparatus configured for chemiluminescence and/or fluorescence measuring, comprising:a photomultiplier receiving and measuring chemiluminescence and/or fluorescence of a photo-emission emitted from a single reaction cup;
a sliding cartridge containing said single reaction cup and adapted to slide in a first sliding direction;
a first slider sliding said sliding cartridge in said first sliding direction to locate said single reaction cup at each of the following positions:
a reaction cup placing position,
a reading and injector position, and
a liquid extraction position and,
a reaction cup releasing position;
an injector sliding in a second sliding direction substantially perpendicular to said first sliding direction;
a second slider sliding said injector in said second sliding direction to a position wherein said injector:
injects reaction agents into said single reaction cup when said sliding cartridge is in said reading and injector position, and extracts liquid from said single reaction cup when said sliding cartridge is in said liquid extraction position;
a shifting fork moving linearly along said first sliding direction from being in a shut state wherein the shifting fork holds said single reaction cup in said sliding cartridge to being in an open state wherein shifting fork lets said single reaction cup to drop from said sliding cartridge into a reaction cup releasing tube when said sliding cartridge is reaching said reaction cup releasing position;
an enveloping shield enveloping said apparatus completely and comprising:
a first hole letting said single reaction cup to enter said sliding cartridge when said sliding cartridge is in said reaction cup placing position, and
a second hole letting said single reaction cup to drop into the reaction cup releasing tube when said sliding cartridge is in said reaction cup releasing position; and
a light blocker closing said first hole and second hole when said sliding cartridge is neither in said reaction cup placing position nor in said reaction cup releasing position.

US Pat. No. 10,139,342

PHOTOLUMINESCENT AUTHENTICATION DEVICES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS

Spectra Systems Corporati...

1. A system for authenticating an item, the system comprising:a label having a surface and comprising a photoluminescent material capable of absorbing an incident radiation from a radiation source and emitting an emitted radiation having a spectral signature with a decay time after removal of the radiation source; and
a photoauthentication device comprising:
the radiation source configured to provide the incident radiation directly proximate to the photoluminescent material; and
a camera configured to measure the emitted radiation directly proximate from the photoluminescent material at predefined time intervals during the decay time;
wherein the spectral signature includes spectral intensities for a first wavelength and a second wavelength at a first time in the decay time and spectral intensities for the first wavelength and the second wavelength at a second time in the decay time,
wherein the photoauthentication device is configured to communicate with an application to verify the authenticity of the item,
wherein the application is configured to report a result of verifying the authenticity of the item, and
wherein the photoauthentication device is configured to provide the incident radiation and measure the emitted radiation during a single motion of the photoauthentication device across the surface of the label.

US Pat. No. 10,139,341

SELF-CALIBRATING OPTICAL DETECTOR

TT ELECTRONICS PLC, Carr...

1. A method of calibration, comprising:setting, by a controller, an initial detection threshold of a detector;
gradually increasing a power level of a signal generator, the signal generator being in communication with the detector and the controller, causing a detected power at the detector to exceed the initial detection threshold;
storing in a memory, by the controller, a first power level of the signal generator at which the detected power at the detector exceeds the initial detection threshold; and
adjusting, by the controller after the power level of the signal generator reaches the first power level, the initial detection threshold of the detector to an adjusted detection threshold by including from the memory a pre-programmed detection buffer amount within the adjusted detection threshold, wherein the detection buffer amount compensates for a variation affecting an amount of signal received at the detector from the signal generator.

US Pat. No. 10,139,340

NONINVASIVE REFRACTOMETER

1. A non-invasive method of measuring the sugar content of a wine contained in a hermetically sealed transparent bottle, the method consisting of the following steps:(a) Shining at least two light sources through the bottle wall,
each having a unique incident angle and Unique path length,
(b) Measuring the intensity of the Fresnel reflection from each light source,
(c) using the measured intensities of the fresnel reflections, in conjunction with the known alcohol content of the wine in order to calculate the sugar content of the wine contained within the bottle.

US Pat. No. 10,139,339

COLOUR SENSOR WITH ANGLE-SELECTIVE STRUCTURES

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. Colour sensor having at least one photosensitive element, in front of which a layer stack of dielectric layers and structured metal layers is formed, and at least one colour filter, through which optical radiation incident on a light input side of the colour sensor is filtered before it reaches a photosensitive surface of the photosensitive element,characterised in that
an array of angle-selective passageways is provided for the optical radiation, between the light input side and the photosensitive surface for each of said at least one photosensitive element, and each passageway only allows parts of the optical radiation incident on the light input side of the colour sensor within a limited angle of incidence range relative to an axis extending perpendicularly to the colour filter to pass through to the photosensitive surface.

US Pat. No. 10,139,338

ELECTROMECHANICAL TRANSDUCER

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An electromechanical transducer, comprising;a substrate; and
an element disposed on or over a surface of the substrate,
the element comprising a plurality of cells that are two-dimensionally arranged and electrically connected,
each of the plurality of cells comprising:
a first electrode; and
a vibrating film comprising a second electrode, the second electrode being opposed to the first electrode with a gap interposed therebetween,
wherein the first electrodes of the plurality of cells are electrically connected within the element,
wherein the second electrodes of the plurality of cells are electrically connected within the element, and
wherein the plurality of cells are arranged so that, when the cells are viewed from a direction normal to the surface of the substrate, center portions of the plurality of cells are connected by straight lines in all combinations, and one outermost straight line connecting the center portions of a first group of the plurality of cells and another outermost straight line connecting center portions of a second group of the plurality of cells are one of non-parallel with each other and different in length of parallel portions.

US Pat. No. 10,139,337

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TESTING A MATERIAL SYSTEM

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A system for testing a multicomponent material system, said system comprising:a first material holder to hold a first underlying structure of said multicomponent material system, said first underlying structure comprising a first surface and a first edge; and
a second material holder to hold a second underlying structure of said multicomponent material system, said second underlying structure being separate from said first underlying structure and comprising a second surface and a second edge, such that said first surface and said second surface share a common virtual plane and said first edge and said second edge abut each other to form an edgewise interface that is perpendicular to said common virtual plane;
a first piezoelectric transducer operably connected to said first material holder to apply a first electromechanical-induced force to said first material holder that reciprocally moves said first material holder relative to said second material holder in at least one axial direction; and
a second piezoelectric transducer operably connected said second material holder to apply a second electromechanical-induced force to said second material holder and reciprocally move said second material holder relative to said first material holder in at least one axial direction; and wherein:
linear movement of said first material holder relative to said second material holder causes a mechanical displacement between said first underlying structure and said second underlying structure along said edgewise interface and orthogonal to said common virtual plane and induces a mechanical stress in a coating layer of said multicomponent material system that covers said first surface and said second surface over said edgewise interface and that shares said common virtual plane,
operating frequencies of said first piezoelectric transducer and said second piezoelectric transducer are selected between approximately 1 Hz and approximately 100 kHz so that said mechanical displacement between said first underlying structure and said second underlying structure along said edgewise interface is substantially equivalent to a predefined thermal displacement between said first underlying structure and said second underlying structure along said edgewise interface caused by thermal expansion, and
said mechanical stress induced in said coating layer by said mechanical displacement simulates a thermal stress induced in said coating layer by said thermal displacement.

US Pat. No. 10,139,336

APPARATUS FOR CABLE INSPECTION

AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY ...

1. An apparatus for cable inspection, which inspects an aerial cable used in electric power transmission, the apparatus comprising:first and second plates spaced apart from each other;
a lower clamp disposed on the first plate;
an upper clamp disposed on the second plate to face the lower clamp and having a through hole in a vertical direction;
a distance adjustment unit configured to adjust a separation distance between the first and second plates;
an indenter indented in a coating of the cable through the through hole;
a first load cell configured to measure an indentation force of the indenter and to output a signal corresponding to the measured indentation force;
a second load cell disposed under the lower clamp and configured to measure pressure applied to the cable and to output a signal corresponding to the measured pressure;
an indenter moving unit configured to control movement of the indenter;
a vibrator connected to the lower clamp and configured to apply vibration to the lower clamp to force the lower clamp to vibrate in a horizontal direction; and
an LM guide disposed between the lower clamp and the second load cell.

US Pat. No. 10,139,335

OBSERVATION IMAGE DETERMINATION DEVICE, METHOD, AND PROGRAM

FUJIFILM Corporation, Mi...

1. An observation image determination device comprising:a memory;
an imaging device which captures an observation image; and
a processor coupled to the memory and the processor configured to:
capture an image of an observation region including a stem cell to be cultured to acquire the observation image; and
determine whether a living body of a different type from the stem cell is included in the observation region,
wherein whether the different type of living body is included in the observation region is determined on the basis of spatial frequency characteristics of an observation target acquired from the observation image and predetermined spatial frequency characteristics of the different type of living body,
wherein the spatial frequency characteristics is a spectrum of a spatial frequency component, and
wherein the imaging device is adjusted to determine whether the different types of living body is included in the captured observation image.

US Pat. No. 10,139,334

PARTICULATE MEASUREMENT DEVICE

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

1. A particulate measurement device comprising:a nozzle which discharges liquid containing particulates from an opening thereof to form a flow of the liquid;
a light emitter which emits light such that the light propagates in a first region where the flow of the liquid having a columnar shape is formed;
a photodetector provided outside the first region to receive the light from a second region, the second region being a partial region of the first region and extending along a longitudinal direction of the first region; and
an air flow forming unit including a gas guide section having a tubular body surrounding the first region, the tubular body configured to form a flow of gas along a direction of the flow of the liquid around the first region,
wherein the light emitter emits light from an inside of the nozzle through the opening,
a shielding portion which blocks light is provided between the opening and the photodetector, and
the tubular body of the air flow forming unit is interposed between the opening of the nozzle and the photodetector to configure the shielding portion.

US Pat. No. 10,139,333

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR INERTIAL FOCUSING CYTOMETER WITH INTEGRATED OPTICS FOR PARTICLE CHARACTERIZATION

The General Hospital Corp...

1. A microfluidic device for analysis of a plurality of particles, comprising:a fluid channel having a geometry configured to effect a predetermined spacing of the particles;
an excitation waveguide configured to receive an excitation beam from a source to provide the excitation beam to the fluid channel;
an excitation lens arranged to receive the excitation beam directed toward the fluid channel and configured to focus the excitation beam to a predetermined width that is less than the predetermined spacing of the particles in the fluid channel to induce an interaction between the excitation beam and the particles resulting in a transmitted light;
a detection lens arranged relative to the transmitted light and configured to guide the transmitted light along a plurality of paths;
at least one scattered light waveguide configured to receive light scattered by the particles;
an axial light loss waveguide configured to receive light guided by the detection lens along at least one of the plurality of paths and not received by the at least one scattered light waveguide;
a detector arranged to receive transmitted light from the at least one scattered light waveguide and from the axial light loss waveguide and generate a detection signal based thereon; and
a processor configured to receive the detection signal and determine characteristic features of each of the plurality of particles based on the detection signal.

US Pat. No. 10,139,332

MASS CYTOMETRY APPARATUS AND METHODS

Fluidigm Canada Inc., Ma...

1. A method for performing mass cytometry comprising:providing an elemental standard comprising detectable atoms;
detecting atoms using a mass cytometer comprising an ion source, a mass analyzer, and a detector, wherein detecting atoms comprises detecting the detectable atoms of the elemental standard;
recording a digital signal associated with the detected quantity of detectable atoms as a digital output;
comparing the digital output to an expected digital output, the expected digital output being associated with a measured standard, wherein the measured standard comprises a quantity of the detectable atom; and
modulating a voltage of the detector in response to the comparison of the digital output to the expected digital output so that the digital output associated with the quantity of the detectable atom following modulation of the voltage of the detector returns toward the expected digital output, wherein the expected digital output comprises a ratio of an analog signal associated with the measured standard and a pulse counting signal associated with the measured standard.

US Pat. No. 10,139,331

FILTRATION MEMBRANE FOULING INDEX MEASURING METHOD

1. A filtration membrane fouling index measuring method using a first filtration membrane and a second filtration membrane, wherein the first filtration membrane and the second filtration membrane have a same membrane material, membrane area, and pore size, the method comprising:(a) connecting, in series, the first and second filtration membranes having the same membrane material, membrane area, and pore size;
(b) passing fluid through the first filtration member and subsequently passing the fluid that has passed through the first filtration member through the second filtration member;
(c) measuring a first flow rate passing through the first filtration membrane;
(d) measuring a second flow rate passing through theft second filtration membrane;
(e) measuring a cumulative permeation rate passing through the first or second filtration membrane; and
(f) determining a fouling index of each of the first and second filtration membranes, based on the first flow rate passing through the first filtration membrane, the second flow rate passing through the second filtration membrane, and the cumulative permeation rate.

US Pat. No. 10,139,330

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ANALYZING SOLID MATTER CONTAINING LIQUIDS AND MONITORING OR CONTROLLING PROCESSES CONTAINING SUCH LIQUIDS

KEMIRA OYJ, Helsinki (FI...

1. A method of analyzing a liquid sample containing solid particles, the method comprising:fractionating the sample according to particle sizes and/or masses of the solid particles, so as to produce sample fractions, by
conducting the sample to a disintegration channel having depressions to retain the sample in said depressions, and a through-flow zone,
applying a liquid flow having a non-constant temporal velocity profile through the disintegration channel, in order to gradually release solid particles of the sample with the liquid flow from said depressions to the through-flow zone in the disintegration channel, wherein the liquid flow is applied at a velocity producing hydrodynamic shear on the sample when interacting with said depressions, to disintegrate flocks in the sample retained in said depressions, and
measuring at least one physical or chemical property of at least one of said sample fractions.

US Pat. No. 10,139,329

PARTICLE SIZE DETERMINATION USING RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY

Kaiser Optical Systems In...

1. A method for determining the size of particles dispersed in a light-transmissive medium, comprising:directing an excitation light into the medium, wherein the excitation light is monochromatic;
collecting from the medium a first Raman spectrum using a Raman spectrometer;
analyzing the first Raman spectrum to determine a composition of the medium;
computing a first ratio of red light in the first Raman spectrum to blue light in the first Raman spectrum;
waiting a pre-determined period of time;
after the pre-determined period, directing the excitation light into the medium and collecting from the medium a second Raman spectrum using the Raman spectrometer;
computing a second ratio of red light in the second Raman spectrum to blue light in the second Raman spectrum;
comparing the second ratio to the first ratio; and
determining the size and a count of particles dispersed in the medium based on the comparison of the second ratio to the first ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,139,328

APPARATUS FOR GAUGING LIQUID OR SOLID MASS CONTAINED IN A VESSEL AND METHOD FOR USING SAME

1. A mass gauging apparatus comprisinga) a vessel-fluid-support structure, further comprising:
i) a vessel of arbitrary geometry containing a fluid or solid of unknown mass in contact with said vessel,
ii) a vessel support structure of arbitrary geometry supporting said vessel,
iii) vessel supports of arbitrary geometry connecting said vessel to the vessel support structure,
b) sensors located on the vessel, the vessel support structure, and/or the vessel supports,
c) an excitation device providing periodic or aperiodic vibrations to the vessel-fluid-support structure,
d) a data acquisition system electrically configured to said excitation device and said sensors, determining one or more resonant frequency modes of the vessel-fluid-support structure and the relative amplitudes of same, and
e) a data analysis system, selectively identifying and plotting resonant frequency mode features as a function of the fluid or solid mass.

US Pat. No. 10,139,327

INDENTATION DEVICE, INSTRUMENTED MEASUREMENT SYSTEM, AND A METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS BY THE INDENTATION METHOD

CESKE VYSOKE UCENI TECHNI...

1. An indentation device for measuring the mechanical properties of materials, comprising a housing provided with a facing with a hole, a holder for an indenter mounted that is capable of sliding in the hole of the facing, a rod abutting the indenter via a displacement sensor, a load cell, and a movable pushing segment for loading the holder with the indenter, wherein a holder for the displacement sensor is rigidly connected to the housing in which there is slidably positioned a rod passing to the displacement sensor arranged in the holder in the axis of the indenter without deformation of all components through which a loading mechanism is dropped on the indenter; the movable pushing segment in the upper part of the housing is provided with at least one support extending around the holder and engaging with a central pressure plate arranged slidably in the housing and supporting at least one first load cell with deformable protrusions which cross a gap and abut a bottom pressure plate arranged slidably in the housing and connected with the holder of the indenter, wherein between the bottom pressure plate and the facing there is arranged a first resilient member, and the central pressure plate and the bottom pressure plate are provided with holes for passage of the rod into the holder.

US Pat. No. 10,139,326

DETERMINING THE LIFE SPAN OF AN ELASTOMER IN A MOTOR

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A method for determining a remaining life span of an elastomer in a motor, comprising:running a downhole tool into a wellbore, the downhole tool including a drill bit and a mud motor, the mud motor having a rotor and a stator, wherein at least one of the rotor or the stator has an elastomer;
predicting a number of cycles before the elastomer fails;
determining a number of cycles during a time period;
determining a change in a remaining life span of the elastomer over the time period, based upon the number of cycles before the elastomer fails and the number of cycles during the time period; and
varying a weight on the downhole tool in response to the remaining life span of the elastomer or varying a torque generated by the mud motor in response to the remaining life span of the elastomer.

US Pat. No. 10,139,325

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR EVALUATING BUBBLE FORMATION POTENTIAL IN A STRUCTURE

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A system for evaluating bubble formation potential in a structure, comprising:an environment test chamber;
an environment controller for controlling a plurality of environmental conditions within the environment test chamber, wherein the plurality of environmental conditions comprise temperature, humidity and air pressure;
a detector for capturing images of a structure under test;
an illumination source for controlling illumination of the structure under test; and
a user interface coupled to the environment controller for adjusting the environmental conditions within the environment test chamber and the user interface is coupled to the illumination source for setting and adjusting illumination of the structure under test and the user interface is coupled to the detector for receiving the captured images and evaluating bubble formation potential in the structure under test based on the captured images.

US Pat. No. 10,139,324

AUTOMATIC TRANSVERSE STRAIN EXTENSOMETER ARCHITECTURE

ILLINOIS TOOL WORKS INC.,...

1. A transverse strain extensometer, comprising:a first sensor arm and a second sensor arm, the first and second sensor arms being opposed to each other;
the first sensor arm including a first sensor edge;
the second sensor arm including a second sensor edge;
the first sensor arm moving in concert with a first carriage assembly, the first carriage assembly mounted in a sliding configuration;
the second sensor arm moving in concert with a second carriage assembly, the second carriage assembly being mounted in a sliding configuration;
the first and second carriage assemblies being responsive to a synchronizing device wherein, as the first and second sensor arms separate from each other, the first carriage moves in a first direction and the second carriage assembly moves in a second direction, the second direction being opposite from the first direction;
the first carriage assembly including a reading device for reading a relative position of the second carriage assembly with respect to the first carriage assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,139,323

APPARATUS FOR SEPARATING MICRO-PARTICLES

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An apparatus for separating micro-particles, the apparatus comprising:a channel through which a fluid flows along a length direction of the channel; and
a separating part protruding into the channel and including a slanted element inclined toward the length direction of the channel and a vertical element perpendicular to the length direction of the channel,
wherein the slanted element comprises first and second sub-slanted elements that are symmetric with respect to a center axis of the channel,
wherein the vertical element comprises:
a first sub-vertical element between the first sub-slanted element and a sidewall of the channel;
a second sub-vertical element between the second sub-slanted element and a sidewall of the channel; and
a third sub-vertical element between the first and second sub-slanted elements.