US Pat. No. 10,114,166

LUMINOUS GLAZING UNIT FOR ARCHITECTURAL USE OR USE IN FURNISHINGS OR A MEANS OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT

SAINT-GOBAIN GLASS FRANCE...

1. A luminous glazing unit comprising:a glazing module with an edge face and two main faces, said glazing module including at least one first glazing pane, made of organic or mineral glass, of refractive index n1 of at least 1.4 with first and second main faces;
a light source optically coupled to the glazing module, the glazing module forming a guide of light emitted by the light source; and
a light-extracting system configured to extract the guided light in order to form a scattering zone of width of at least 1 cm, said light-extracting system including a scattering layer comprising scattering dielectric particles bound by a matrix, said scattering layer being associated with one of the first or second main faces;
wherein the matrix is transparent and of refractive index n2 at least equal to n1 or such that n1-n2 is at most 0.15
and wherein the scattering particles are mainly microparticles that are spaced apart from one another and that comprise a shell made of a transparent dielectric material and making contact with the transparent matrix, said shell surrounding a core of refractive index n3 of at most 1.15, said core having a largest dimension D3 in a range extending from 5 ?m to 200 ?m, the microparticles having a largest dimension called D? smaller than 2D3.

US Pat. No. 10,114,165

COLOR SHIFTING ILLUMINATOR

X Development LLC, Mount...

1. A color shifting illuminator, comprising:a first luminescent material that absorbs first incident photons having an energy greater than or equal to a first threshold energy and, in response to absorbing the first incident photons, emits first photons with less energy than the first incident photons;
a second luminescent material that absorbs second incident photons having an energy greater than or equal to a second threshold energy and, in response to absorbing the second incident photons, emits second photons with less energy than the second incident photons and less energy than the first photons;
a first waveguide including the first luminescent material, wherein the first waveguide exhibits total internal reflection for the first photons satisfying conditions for total internal reflection;
a second waveguide including the second luminescent material, wherein the second waveguide exhibits total internal reflection for the second photons satisfying the conditions for total internal reflection;
a first extraction region coupled to the first waveguide to emit the first photons; and
a second extraction region coupled to the second waveguide to emit the second photons.

US Pat. No. 10,114,164

EDGE-TYPE BACKLIGHT SOURCE ASSEMBLIES AND BACK MODULES

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. An edge-type backlight source assembly, comprising:at least one quantum bar (QD) tube bracket, at least one QD tube fixed within the QD tube bracket, a plurality of LED lamp bars, and a connector, the LED lamp bar comprises a substrate and a plurality of LED lamps on the substrate, the LED lamps emit blue light, the substrate is attached to a bottom of the QD tube bracket, the LED lamps are received within the QD tube bracket and are arranged to be opposite to the QD tube, the connector electrically connects with the adjacent two LED lamp bars and is fixed on a sidewall of the QD tube bracket;
wherein each of the sub-brackets comprises a first side plate and a second side plate spaced apart from each other, and a plurality of spacing bars spaced apart from each other, the spacing bars connect between the first side plate and the second side plate, a stopper protrusion is configured on internal walls of the first side plate and the second side plate, and the QD tube is clasped between the spacing bar and the stopper protrusion.

US Pat. No. 10,114,163

OPTICAL COMPONENT WITH IMAGE COMPENSATION

TAIWAN FIBER OPTICS, INC....

1. An optical component with image compensation comprising:a plurality of optical fibers arranged and connected in a same direction with each of the plurality of optical fibers including a core and a cladding;
wherein a refractive index of the core ranges from 1.55 to 1.91 and the cladding has a refractive index of 1.39˜1.53; wherein an acceptance angle of the plurality of optical fibers is larger than 11.5°;
wherein a section of the optical component includes an output face, an input face, and a lateral face; wherein the output face is formed by sections at one end of the plurality of optical fibers respectively and each of the sections obtained by cutting vertically is a perfect circle; wherein the sections on the output face have a same area because the sections on the output face are not affected by a force applied to the plurality of optical fibers; wherein the input face is formed by sections at the other end of the plurality of optical fibers while the sections are corresponding to the sections of the plurality of optical fibers on the output face; wherein an area of the sections on the input face is affected by the force applied so that the area of the sections of the optical fibers on the input face is decreased linearly in the direction toward the lateral face; wherein the sections on the input face are noncircular through oblique cutting; wherein the lateral face extends in the same direction as the plurality of optical fibers; wherein an angle formed between the input face and the lateral face is an obtuse angle while an angle formed between the output face and the lateral face is a first acute angle; and wherein an angle formed between the output face and the input face is a second acute angle.

US Pat. No. 10,114,162

OPTICAL FILM STACK WITH RETARDANCE LAYER HAVING IN-PLANE RETARDANCE OF GREATER THAN 2.0 MICRONS

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

1. An optical film stack, comprising:a first reflective polarizer having a pass axis;
a second reflective polarizer; and
a stretched polymeric retardance layer having a fast axis disposed between the first reflective polarizer and the second reflective polarizer, the retardance layer having a thickness, d, and having in-plane index of refraction values nx and ny and an index of refraction nz in a direction orthogonal to the plane of the film, wherein
0.04<|(nx?ny)/(0.5(nx+ny)?nz)|<1.00, and
2.0 microns wherein the pass axis of the first reflective polarizer is within 20 degrees of parallel with the fast axis of the retardance layer.

US Pat. No. 10,114,160

POLARIZING PLATE, LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING SAME, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING POLARIZING PLATE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A polarizing plate comprising:at least a polarizer layer including a polyvinyl alcohol film dyed with iodine; and
a compound exhibiting a polyiodide ion I5? forming ability in an iodide compound-containing solution,
wherein the compound is included in the polarizer layer.

US Pat. No. 10,114,159

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING POLARIZER AND POLARIZER MANUFACTURED BY THE SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A method for manufacturing a polarizer, the method comprising:a step of dyeing at least one dye of iodine and dichromatic dyes on a polyvinyl alcohol-based film;
a first cross-linking and elongating step of cross-linking and elongating the polyvinyl alcohol-based film and the dye by using a first aqueous solution including a polyvalent carboxylic acid compound and a boron compound;
a second cross-linking and elongating step of cross-linking and elongating the polyvinyl alcohol-based film and the dye by using a second aqueous solution including the polyvalent carboxylic acid compound and the boron compound; and
a step of drying the polyvinyl alcohol-based film,
wherein the first cross-linking and elongating step and the second cross-linking and elongating step satisfy the following Equations (1) and (2):
0.2?X+Y?3  Equation (1):
0.01?XY?2.25  Equation (2):
in Equations (1) and (2),
X is [a content of the polyvalent carboxylic acid compound of the first aqueous solution]/[a content of the boron compound of the first aqueous solution] of the first cross-linking and elongating step, and
Y is [a content of the polyvalent carboxylic acid compound of the second aqueous solution]/[a content of the boron compound of the second aqueous solution] of the second elongating and cross-linking step,
wherein the first and second aqueous solution each independently includes the polyvalent carboxylic acid compound in a content of 10 wt % to 150 wt % based on 100 wt % of the boron compound.

US Pat. No. 10,114,158

STRETCHED LAMINATE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THIN POLARIZER, THIN POLARIZER MANUFACTURED BY THE METHOD, AND POLARIZING PLATE INCLUDING THE THIN POLARIZER

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A method of manufacturing a thin polarizer, the method comprising:forming a laminate by attaching a prefabricated non-stretched polyvinyl alcohol-based film to at least one surface of a non-stretched high-density polyethylene film; and
stretching the laminate until the polyvinyl alcohol-based film has a thickness of 10 ?m or less.

US Pat. No. 10,114,157

PULSE WIDTH CONTROLLER

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. An optical apparatus, comprising:a first rotatable wave plate having an optical axis;
a polarizing beam splitter with a reflecting axis and a transmitting axis, wherein the transmitting axis is substantially parallel to the optical axis of the first rotatable wave plate;
a first reflector positioned along the transmitting axis and propagating a first deflected electromagnetic radiation along a first deflection axis; and
a second reflector positioned to receive electromagnetic radiation originating from the first reflector and propagate a return electromagnetic radiation to the polarizing beam splitter along the reflecting axis.

US Pat. No. 10,114,156

VEHICLE COMPONENTS UTILIZING INFRARED REFLECTIVE DETECTABLE LAYER AND INFRARED TRANSMISSIVE DECORATIVE LAYER

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle body panel, comprising:a substrate defining an exterior surface;
a detectable layer positioned on the exterior surface and configured to interact with a first band of an electromagnetic spectrum, wherein the detectable layer has a thickness of from about 12 ?m to about 75 ?m;
a decorative layer positioned on the detectable layer and configured to reflect a portion of a second band of the electromagnetic spectrum and transmit the first band of the electromagnetic spectrum; and
a top layer positioned on the decorative layer and configured to transmit the first and second bands of the electromagnetic spectrum.

US Pat. No. 10,114,155

OPTICAL FILTER AND IMAGING DEVICE COMPRISING SAME

1. An optical filter comprising:a light absorption layer including a binder resin and two or more light absorbents dispersed in the binder resin;
a transparent base having a first surface attached to the light absorption layer; and
a near-infrared reflection layer attached to a second surface of the transparent base,
wherein the light absorbents comprise a first light absorbent having a first maximum absorption in a wavelength range of 680 to 700 nm and a second light absorbent having a second maximum absorption in a wavelength range of greater than 700 to 750 nm, and the first and second maximum absorptions do not overlap each other,
a wavelength at which the near-infrared reflection layer has a transmittance of 50% with regard to light incident in a direction perpendicular to the optical filter is in a range of 680 to 730 nm, and
the optical filter satisfies the following Equation 1:
?E*?1.5  [Equation 1]
wherein ?E* represents a color difference between light, which has been incident in a direction perpendicular to the optical filter and has passed through the optical filter, and light, which has been incident at an angle of 30° with regard to the direction perpendicular to the optical filter and has passed through the optical filter.

US Pat. No. 10,114,154

OPTICAL HEAD FOR RECEIVING LIGHT AND OPTICAL SYSTEM USING THE SAME

OTO PHOTONICS INC., Hsin...

1. An optical head for receiving an incident light, comprising:a reflector;
a reflective diffuser facing the reflector and disposed in an optical path of the incident light, the reflective diffuser having an optical output section and a reflective scattering section, wherein the reflective diffuser is configured to convert the incident light incident on the reflective scattering section to a scattered light, wherein the scattered light is incident on the reflector, other portions of the reflective scattering section, or both the reflector and the other portions of the reflective scattering section; and
a light collector disposed at the optical output section of the reflective diffuser, wherein the reflector is positioned to shield the optical output section from the incident light, and the light collector is configured to receive the scattered light from the reflector and has a light collection range overlying an area of the reflector through which the scattered light from the reflective diffuser is reflected to the optical output section.

US Pat. No. 10,114,152

PHOTOGRAPHING LENS MODULE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

LARGAN PRECISION CO., LTD...

1. A photographing lens module, comprising a plurality of lens elements, wherein one of the lens elements is a plastic lens element, and at least one surface of an object-side surface and an image-side surface of the plastic lens element comprises:an effective optical portion being aspheric; and
a peripheral portion surrounding the effective optical portion and comprising:
a plurality of strip rib structures, wherein each of the strip rib structures has a strip shape along a radial direction of an optical axis of the plastic lens element, and the strip rib structures are arranged around the effective optical portion;
a plurality of light absorbing coatings coated on the strip rib structures respectively; and
at least one annular rib structure surrounding the effective optical portion and intersecting with the strip rib structures.

US Pat. No. 10,114,151

SOLID-STATE IMAGE SENSOR AND CAMERA

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A solid-state image sensor which includes a microlens array in which a plurality of microlenses are arrayed so as to constitute a plurality of rows and a plurality of columns,wherein when a first axis parallel to the plurality of rows and passing through an array center as a center of the microlens array, and a second axis parallel to the plurality of columns and passing through the array center are defined, microlenses, out of the plurality of microlenses, positioned on a virtual circle having the array center as a center include a first microlens positioned on one of the first axis and the second axis, and a second microlens positioned on neither the first axis nor the second axis,
each of the first microlens and the second microlens has a non-circular bottom shape,
a width of the second microlens in a second direction passing through the second microlens and the array center is longer than a width of the first microlens in a first direction passing through the first microlens and the array center, and
the first microlens has a line-symmetric shape with respect to a straight line parallel to the first direction as a symmetrical axis, and the second microlens has a line-symmetric shape with respect to a straight line parallel to the second direction as a symmetrical axis.

US Pat. No. 10,114,150

OPTICAL MULTILAYER COATING, OPTICAL LENS, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING OPTICAL MULTILAYER COATING

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An optical multilayer coating formed on or above a substrate, comprising:a high-refractive index layer with a refractive index of 1.76 to 2.7;
a magnesium oxyfluoride layer; and
a magnesium fluoride layer,
the high-refractive index layer, the magnesium oxyfluoride layer, and the magnesium fluoride layer being stacked on or above the substrate in this order and being in direct contact with each other,
wherein the magnesium oxyfluoride layer has a composition represented by the following formula:
MgxOyFz  (1)
where z/x is not less than 0.01 nor greater than 1.45 and z/y is not less than 0.01 nor greater than 3.17.

US Pat. No. 10,114,149

CLOUD COVERAGE ESTIMATION BY DYNAMIC SCHEDULING OF A DISTRIBUTED SET OF CAMERAS

International Business Ma...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:transmitting one or more instructions to each of multiple spatially-distributed cameras in a pre-determined geographic area, wherein the one or more instructions cause each of the spatially-distributed cameras to change a context from (i) a pre-determined task to (ii) capturing one or more spatio-temporal measurements of cloud coverage;
tracking the one or more spatio-temporal measurements of cloud coverage captured by the multiple spatially-distributed cameras;
obtaining one or more meteorological measurements from one or more non-camera sources; and
generating a cloud coverage forecast for the pre-determined geographic area based on (i) the one or more spatio-temporal measurements of cloud coverage captured by the multiple spatially-distributed cameras and (ii) the one or more meteorological measurements from the one or more non-camera sources;
wherein the steps are carried out by at least one computing device.

US Pat. No. 10,114,148

HETEROGENEOUS LOG ANALYSIS

NEC Corporation, (JP)

1. A method for heterogeneous log analysis, comprising:performing hierarchical log clustering on heterogeneous logs to generate a log cluster hierarchy for the heterogeneous logs by pruning search space for efficient querying, the pruning reducing processing time and memory requirements for the querying, the log cluster hierarchy including log clusters conforming to heterogenous and unknown log formats, the unknown log formats being domain-knowledge-free, and including logs from arbitrary and unknown applications;
performing, by a log pattern recognizer device having a processor, log pattern recognition on the log cluster hierarchy to generate log pattern representations, the log pattern recognition determining optimal representative layouts and log fields by executing context-free motif discovery within the log clusters;
generating log field statistics by automatically performing domain-knowledge-free log field analysis on the log pattern representations;
performing log indexing on the log pattern representations to generate searchable log indexes; and
searching the log cluster hierarchy based on the log indexes and the log field statistics responsive to a log query to generate log query results.

US Pat. No. 10,114,147

DEVICE FOR MONITORING TEMPERATURE RESPONSE TO STRESS CHANGE IN STRATA

SOUTH CHINA SEA INSTITUTE...

1. A device for monitoring a temperature response to a stress change in a strata, comprising:a sensor, disposed at a bottom of a borehole in the strata, encapsulated with an expansive cement, and configured to detect the stress change in the strata;
a temperature response amplifying unit, disposed in the borehole above the sensor, encapsulated with expansive cement, and configured to detect a temperature variation caused by the stress change and to amplify said temperature variation; and
a power controlling and data collecting module, disposed outside the borehole, and configured to supply power to the sensor and the temperature response amplifying unit and to collect the stress change and the amplified temperature variation,
wherein the temperature response amplifying unit comprises:
an encapsulating housing which is a columnar rubber sleeve; and
temperature sensors arranged respectively on a surface of the encapsulating housing and in a center of the encapsulating housing, the encapsulating housing being filled with a silicone or a rubber.

US Pat. No. 10,114,146

POWDER SENSING DEVICE, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND TONER COLLECTION CONTAINER

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A powder sensing device comprising:a housing formed of a transparent member and having powder housed therein; and
a light transmission-type sensor capable of sensing that powder is housed in the housing, the light transmission-type sensor including a light emitting unit configured to emit light and a light receiving unit configured to receive light emitted from the light emitting unit, the light transmission-type sensor being provided such that at least a part of the housing is disposed between the light emitting unit and the light receiving unit,
the housing having
a light incident surface through which light from the light emitting unit enters,
a light emission surface from which light toward the light receiving unit is emitted, and
an adjacent surface provided adjacent to the light emission surface,
the adjacent surface extending so as to be farther away from an optical axis that connects the light emitting unit and the light receiving unit as the adjacent surface is closer to the light emission surface in a direction of the optical axis that connects the light emitting unit and the light receiving unit.

US Pat. No. 10,114,145

ACCELERATION MEASUREMENT APPARATUS

King Fahd University of P...

1. An apparatus for measuring a local acceleration of gravity, the apparatus comprising:a ferrous rod having a regular alternating pattern of reflective and non-reflective portions on a surface thereof;
an electromagnetic holder mounted on a vertical beam configured to releasably hold the ferrous rod;
an infrared (IR) transceiver including
a light emitting diode (LED) configured to emit IR light,
a photodiode configured to detect IR light emitted by the LED which is reflected back to the IR transceiver, wherein the light emitting diode (LED) and the photodiode are disposed at the same height beneath the electromagnetic holder, and
an output circuit configured to output a two-state signal corresponding to an illumination state of the photodiode by the reflected IR light;
a power supply configured to the power the electromagnetic holder and the IR transceiver; and
circuitry configured to:
control a current from the power supply to the electromagnetic holder to the cause electromagnetic holder to release the rod,
cause the IR transceiver to emit IR light,
receive the signal from the IR transceiver,
calculate times of transitions between the two states in the received signal to determine kinematic data, and
calculate a local acceleration of gravity from a fit to the kinematic data.

US Pat. No. 10,114,144

SCALE IDENTIFIER

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method for scale identification comprising:disposing a first logging tool into a wellbore comprising a tool body, a neutron source coupled to the tool body, wherein the neutron source induces an emission of gamma rays from a measured area, wherein the emission of gamma rays is related to an elemental makeup of the measured area, and detectors coupled to the tool body;
disposing a second logging tool for measuring deviations in inner diameter of a tubing in the wellbore, wherein the second logging tool is coupled to the first logging tool;
logging the interior of the tubing with the first logging tool and the second logging tool to generate data;
analyzing the emission of gamma rays in relation to base element spectra; and
generating a log of scale location and type from the data.

US Pat. No. 10,114,143

DOWNHOLE TOOL AND METHOD FOR IMAGING A WELLBORE

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A downhole tool to be lowered into a wellbore, having a longitudinal axis and an outer surface, the tool including:a particle detection assembly having at least one particle detector for detecting at least a predetermined type of particles, wherein the particle detectors of the assembly are each wrapped around at least one detecting portion forming an angular portion of the tool's azimuthal plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the tool so that the detection assembly substantially forms a ring,
at least a window transparent to the particle type and extending between the outer surface and the particle detection assembly, wherein each of the particle detectors is a micro-mesh gaseous detector.

US Pat. No. 10,114,142

IMAGING SUBTERRANEAN FORMATIONS AND FEATURES USING MULTICOIL NMR MEASUREMENTS

1. A method of investigating an earth formation, comprising:moving a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) tool having a permanent magnet that generates a static, main magnetic field B0 and two or more receiving coils located azimuthally around the NMR tool, wherein the two or more receiving coils rotate with a drilling string to which the NMR tool is attached and wherein the two or more receiving coils are locally sensitive to those spins in front of a respective coil at a respective time;
applying one or more magnetic field pulses within the earth formation;
using the two or more rotating receiving coils, acquiring signals generated in response to the B0 field and the one or more magnetic field pulses, wherein measurements based on the acquired signals change with time due to the rotation of the NMR tool;
processing the signals to obtain an indication of a parameter of the earth formation at multiple azimuthal orientations; and
wherein said processing the signals is performed in accordance with a forward model based on: Mt(?j(t))=?02?Mt(?)k(?j(t)??)d?, where ? is the formation angle and Mt(?j(t)) denotes the measured data at time t when the jth receiving coil faces a time-dependent angle ?j(t).

US Pat. No. 10,114,140

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MICRORESISTIVITY IMAGING IN WHICH TRANSMITTER COIL AND RECEIVER COIL AXES ARE SUBSTANTIALLY PERPENDICULAR TO THE LONGITUDINAL AXIS OF THE TOOL BODY

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A downhole microresistivity logging tool comprising:a logging tool body having a longitudinal axis;
a transmitter coil deployed in the tool body, the transmitter coil including an electrical conductor wound about a magnetically permeable core, the electrical conductor being connected to a high frequency alternating current generator deployed in the tool body; and
a receiver coil deployed in the tool body, the receiver coil including an electrical conductor wound about a magnetically permeable core, the electrical conductor being connected to a high frequency alternating voltage sensor deployed in the tool body,
wherein the transmitter and receiver coils each define a coil axis that is substantially perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the tool body,
wherein the receiver coil and the transmitter coil are deployed in the same plane, and
wherein the receiver coil is deployed within and coaxial with the transmitter coil.

US Pat. No. 10,114,139

MULTI-CAPACITOR LIQUID DETECTION DEVICE AND METHOD(S) OF USE

1. A multi-capacitor liquid detection device for use in a two liquid environment, the device comprising:a microcontroller;
a capacitive sensor operatively coupled to the microcontroller;
a first parallel plate capacitor connected to the capacitive sensor, the first parallel plate capacitor including a first pair of plates having a first height;
a second parallel plate capacitor connected to the capacitive sensor, the second parallel plate capacitor including a second pair of plates having a second height; and
a mounting plate, wherein the first pair of plates and the second pair of plates are each coupled to the mounting plate with a bottom of the first pair of plates extending a predetermined distance past a bottom of the second pair of plates.

US Pat. No. 10,114,138

METHOD TO DENOISE PULSE ECHO MEASUREMENT USING TOOL RESPONSE IN FRONT OF COLLARS

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A method, comprising:performing pulse echo measurements using a pulse echo tool, wherein the pulse echo tool comprises a transducer;
detecting a casing collar using the pulse echo measurements performed by the pulse echo tool;
estimating a tool response of the pulse echo tool response at the casing collar using one or more processors based on the pulse echo measurement at the casing collar; and
removing the pulse echo tool response estimation from at least some of the pulse echo measurements not at the casing collar.

US Pat. No. 10,114,137

UNDERWATER SEISMIC EXPLORATION WITH A HELICAL CONVEYOR AND SKID STRUCTURE

Fairfield Industries, Inc...

1. A system to acquire seismic data from a seabed, comprising:an underwater vehicle comprising a sensor to identify a case having a hydrodynamic shape, wherein the case stores one or more ocean bottom seismometer (“OBS”) units;
the underwater vehicle comprising an arm;
the underwater vehicle comprising an actuator to position the arm in an open state above a cap of the case, or to close the arm;
the underwater vehicle comprising a conveyor;
the underwater vehicle configured to move the arm to a bottom portion of the case opposite the cap, an opening of the case aligned with the conveyor of the underwater vehicle;
the conveyor configured to receive, via the opening of the case, a first OBS unit of the one or more OBS units; and
the conveyor configured to move the first OBS unit to the seabed to acquire seismic data from the seabed.

US Pat. No. 10,114,136

STREAMER EQUIPMENT TENSION CONTROL

PGS Geophysical AS, Oslo...

1. A geophysical streamer system comprising:streamer equipment comprising:
a geophysical streamer with a plurality of geophysical sensors distributed along the geophysical streamer, including a forward geophysical sensor; and
a lead-in cable for coupling the geophysical streamer to a survey vessel; and
a tension control system capable of tuning vibrational behavior of the streamer equipment and comprising:
a depressor coupled to the streamer equipment in front of the forward geophysical sensor;
a variable tension control device coupled at a back end of the geophysical streamer; and
a plurality of tension control system sensors, wherein:
the plurality of tension control system sensors are disposed at one or more locations consisting of: on the survey vessel, on the depressor, on the variable tension control device, along the lead-in cable, and along the geophysical streamer, and
at least some of the plurality of tension control system sensors are capable of being used to estimate amplitude or spectral properties of the vibrational behavior of the streamer equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,114,135

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPTIMIZING SEISMIC DATA ANALYSIS

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A method, comprising:accessing a seismic image comprising a plurality of features of interest;
defining a plurality of configuration files for a plurality of graphical models;
applying the plurality of graphical models to the seismic image;
generating a plurality of scores for each feature of interest, wherein each graphical model generates a score for each feature of interest, and wherein each score is representative of each respective feature's degree of agreement with one of the plurality of graphical models;
combining the plurality of scores for each feature of interest into a plurality of combined scores, wherein each feature of interest has a combined score; and
ranking the plurality of features of interest based on the plurality of combined scores.

US Pat. No. 10,114,134

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR GENERATING A GEOLOGICAL MODEL HONORING HORIZONS AND FAULTS

Emerson Paradigm Holding ...

1. A method for modeling a subsurface structure including faults and horizons, the method comprising:by one or more computer processors:
receiving geological data representing a current configuration of the faults and horizons, wherein said data is produced in a three-dimensional field by a transmitter emitting compression waves that reflect at geological discontinuities throughout the subsurface structure and a receiver receiving the reflected compression waves that correspond to the compression waves output by the transmitter;
transforming the geological data to a depositional model comprising cells representing an estimated configuration of the horizons at a depositional time period when the subsurface structure was originally formed and superimposing an estimated depositional configuration of the faults in the depositional model that are not iso-surfaces of the depositional model;
dividing groups of cells in the depositional model into a plurality of sub-meshes by iso-surfaces of the depositional model, one set of iso-surfaces representing the horizons at the depositional time period;
further dividing one or more of the plurality of sub-meshes in the depositional model into a plurality of sub-mesh parts by the superimposed estimated depositional configuration of the faults;
representing the cells in each sub-mesh part by a single polyhedron with each facet corresponding to one of the faults or iso-surfaces of the depositional model having a single value for one or more coordinates of the depositional model;
wherein for one or more of the faults that does not intersect a sub-mesh, the cells of the sub-mesh are represented by a single polyhedron with each facet corresponding to an iso-surface of the depositional model and for one or more of the faults that does intersect a sub-mesh, the cells of the sub-mesh are further divided into a plurality of polyhedrons each having at least a facet approximating the orientation of the fault surface;
inverse transforming the polyhedrons from the depositional model to generate a current model to represent the current configuration of the faults and horizons using inverse transformed polyhedrons; and
displaying the current model.

US Pat. No. 10,114,133

SENSING SYSTEM RESPONSIVE TO ACOUSTIC OR SEISMIC SIGNALS

1. A sensing system for monitoring an area for a signal of interest, comprising: a sensing device and a monitoring device coupled to receive information from the sensing device, the sensing device comprising a frame and a piezo-electric sensor element, generally responsive to variation in a wavefield of seismic or acoustic energy to produce a signal based on charge separation, the sensor element positioned about the frame, wherein mechanical coupling between the sensor element and the frame is so limited as to render direct mechanical coupling of the sensor element with the wavefield the predominant means for stimulating the sensor element with seismic energy, and the monitoring device comprising interface circuitry coupled to provide a voltage level output based on the charge separation signal produced by the sensor element, conversion circuitry which converts the voltage level output into formatted frames of digital data, and data analysis circuitry coupled to perform analyses on the formatted frames of digital data to provide a determination of whether the digital data contain signals of potential interest.

US Pat. No. 10,114,130

DETECTORS FOR USE WITH PARTICLE GENERATORS AND RELATED ASSEMBLIES, SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Battelle Energy Alliance,...

1. A detector assembly for evaluating an output of a particle generator, comprising:a housing having an opening;
at least one particle detector in the housing;
a plurality of cartridges, each cartridge of the plurality of cartridges configured to receive at least one collection medium; and
a cartridge frame assembly configured to removably receive at least one cartridge of the plurality of cartridges within the housing and to position the at least one collection medium of the at least one cartridge relative to the at least one particle detector, wherein each cartridge of the plurality of cartridges comprises a window for receiving the at least one collection medium, wherein the window is configured to expose the at least one collection medium on two sides of the respective cartridge, and wherein the window of at least one cartridge of the plurality of cartridges exhibits a larger area than an area of a window of another cartridge of the plurality of cartridges.

US Pat. No. 10,114,128

RADIATION SENSOR

Hunter Well Science, Inc....

1. A photon-beam sensor comprising:(a) a first radiation detector configured to provide a first electronic pulse indicative of a radiation event wherein the first electronic pulse has a characteristic time parameter;
(b) a second radiation detector configured to provide a second electronic pulse indicative of a radiation event wherein the second electronic pulse has a characteristic time parameter that is different from the characteristic time parameter of the first electronic pulse;
(c) a pulse-shape discriminator configured to distinguish the first electronic pulse from the second electronic pulse based on the characteristic time parameter of the first electronic pulse and the characteristic time parameter of the second electronic pulse; and
(d) a first shield assembly configured to provide a first radiation path to a first detector and a second radiation path to the second detector, wherein the first radiation path and the second radiation path each are configured to accept a material such that the first radiation path is configured to accept more of the material than is the second radiation path.

US Pat. No. 10,114,127

AUGMENTED REALITY VISUALIZATION SYSTEM

The United States of Amer...

1. An augmented reality (AR) system comprising:a head mounted display (HMD) comprising a visual display system and a head mounting structure adapted to fix the HMD with respect to a human operator's field of view (FOV), and a camera system oriented towards said FOV configured to capture a plurality of video images of entities, elements or objects within the FOV;
a plurality of sensors comprising a head mounted position sensor and a first position sensor receiver positioned on a first device, said plurality of sensors comprising one or more inertial navigation units (INU) or an inertial measuring unit (IMU), said INU comprising a plurality of accelerometers, said IMU comprising an INU and a global position system (GPS) configured to determine a location of the GPS system, wherein said INU and IMU are configured to determine an orientation of at least a first device and each said sensor is coupled with an output of said location as an orientation data;
a laser rangefinder mounted to said first device used to measure distance between projectile launcher and impact point, or moving object and intended flight path;
a control system comprising a storage medium comprising a plurality of machine readable instructions operable to control elements of said AR system, a processor adapted to execute said plurality of machine readable instructions, said control system is configured to control said AR system, said sensors, and said HMD;
a communication system configured to couple said HMD, said sensors, and said control system, said communication system is further configured to transmit electronic data between said HMD and a remote source using a radio frequency system or a laser data transfer system;
wherein said plurality of machine readable instructions comprises:
a first plurality of instructions configured to operate laser range-finder and ballistic trajectory calculation system as well as an impact point determination system based on at least a first, second, and third data associated with at least one said first device, wherein said first data comprises an aim point of said first device, said second data comprises a computed impact point of a projectile fired from said first device, said third data comprises a path of travel of said projectile from a point of origin from said first device to said impact point, wherein said first, second and third data each comprise one or more geo-reference system position coordinates;
a second plurality of instructions configured to control said processor to operate said plurality of sensors to generate data used by said control system to determine three dimensional orientations of each of said sensors based determinations of location of the devices relative to at least the head mounted position system (HMPS) and said device mounted position sensor;
a third plurality of instructions configured to operate a video processing system to determine and create a wire frame model data of objects within the FOV based on the plurality of video images captured by the camera system, using a photogrammetry processing system
a fourth plurality of instructions configured to control said processor to operate said HMD to generate and display on said HMD a plurality of AR visualizations comprising a first visualization within said FOV of said operator comprising at least a first, second, third, and fourth visualization element, wherein said first and second visualization elements are generated based on a first, second, and third plurality of instructions outputs, said first visualization element comprises a visual designator showing said aim point on a surface defined by said wire frame model data, said impact point on said wire frame model data, or said path of travel with respect to at least a portion of said wire frame model data, said second visualization element comprises a visual damage overlay displaying a predicted blast radius associated with a projectile fired from first device, said third visualization element comprises a visual overlay highlighting or designating of a plurality of entities, elements or objects, said fourth visualization element comprises a plurality of metadata associated with said plurality of entities, elements or objects highlighted or designated by said third plurality element; and
a fifth plurality of instructions configured to provide a graphical user interface (GUI) control interfaces enables said operator to select and control one or more of said plurality of visualization elements, wherein a cursor control software module generates and displays a cursor on said HMD, wherein said operator is able to manipulate said cursor to interact with said plurality of visualization elements.

US Pat. No. 10,114,126

SENSOR INSTALLATION MONITORING

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

36. A method for monitoring small relative movement within an otherwise rigid structure or between otherwise relatively stationary structures, the method comprising:under control of at least one hardware processor and memory configured with executable instructions:
receiving signals from pairs of sensors installed at various surveyed monitoring points on one or more structures;
computing surveyed baseline vector between the pairs of sensors using the signals received from the pairs of sensors;
using the surveyed baseline vector between the pairs of sensors on the one or more structures;
calculating a refined baseline vector between the pair of sensors by correcting carrier phase integer ambiguities in an estimation of baseline vector, the carrier phase integer ambiguities being fixed at an shortest fixable wavelength using a subset of fixed navigation sensors installed on the one or more structures; and
comparing the refined baseline vector to a previously surveyed baseline vector for the pair of sensors, the comparison producing a time-dependent relative motion vector between the two installation points associated with the pair of sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,114,125

RECEIVER FOR A SATELLITE POSITIONING SYSTEM AND SATELLITE SIGNAL PROCESSING METHOD

STMicroelectronics (Grand...

9. A satellite signal processing method, comprising the following steps performed within a same receive channel:receiving a plurality of satellite signals having different constellation frequencies belonging to one frequency band;
sequentially and cyclically generating different frequency transposition signals respectively adapted to the different constellation frequencies of the one frequency band;
frequency transposing the satellite signals on the basis of the adapted frequency transposition signals in such a way as to sequentially and cyclically deliver transposed satellite signals; and
filtering the transposed satellite signals, wherein a bandwidth of the filtering is selected as a function of a current adapted frequency transposition signal.

US Pat. No. 10,114,123

ACCURACY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE HYBRID POSITIONING SYSTEM

Skyhook Wireless, Inc., ...

1. A method for determining a location of a mobile device, comprising:determining an initial location estimate of the mobile device using a wireless local area network positioning system (WPS) that processes signals from access points in range of the mobile device and calculates the initial location estimate from characteristics of the signals;
calculating a region around the initial location estimate;
receiving, at a satellite positioning system (SPS) receiver of the mobile device, signals from a set of satellites of a SPS;
based on the received signals, determining, by the mobile device, a receiver clock bias for at least two satellites of the set of satellites at each of a plurality of points within the region and calculating therefrom a variation in receiver clock bias at each of the plurality of points within the region;
using the variation in receiver clock bias to refine an SPS estimated location of the mobile device; and
reporting a final location estimate of the mobile device based on the SPS estimated location.

US Pat. No. 10,114,122

CROSSWIND SPEED MEASUREMENT BY OPTICAL MEASUREMENT OF SCINTILLATION

Torrey Pines Logic, Inc.,...

1. A device for optically measuring crosswind, comprising:a laser transmitter adapted to generate a pulsed laser to illuminate a path through an atmosphere;
a gated optical receiver configured to analyze the path of the laser through the atmosphere, the gated optical receiver subdivided into a plurality of distinct detecting areas, each detecting area spaced apart from other detecting areas at a known particular distance and acting as a separate photodetector to convert a received atmospheric scintillation pattern into a single data point measuring cumulative light intensity; and
a computer processor configured to compare the measured cumulative light intensity from each detecting area and to generate a crosswind profile along the path of the pulsed laser in the atmosphere for a defined distance between the laser transmitter and the atmosphere at the defined distance.

US Pat. No. 10,114,121

DISTANCE MEASURING METHOD AND DISTANCE MEASURING ELEMENT

LEICA GEOSYSTEMS AG, Hee...

1. A distance measuring method, comprising at least:emitting at least one measurement signal to a target object, wherein at least one start signal is generated;
receiving the measurement signal backscattered from the target object as a target signal;
performing a first sampling of the received target signal and determining the relative position of the start signal and the target signal;
deriving a distance to the target object from the relative position of the start signal and the target signal being effected;
wherein at least a second sampling of the received target signal is performed, wherein the first and second sampling have different sampling frequencies with a sampling pattern defined by the respective sampling frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,114,119

SONAR SYSTEMS AND METHODS USING INTERFEROMETRY AND/OR BEAMFORMING FOR 3D IMAGING

NAVICO HOLDING AS, Egers...

1. A sonar system for imaging an underwater environment comprising:a housing mountable to a watercraft;
a transducer array within the housing and aimed at least partially downwardly from the watercraft;
wherein the transducer array defines a first row of transducer elements and a second row of transducer elements;
wherein the first row of transducer elements comprises at least a first transducer element and a second transducer element;
wherein the first transducer element is configured to receive first sonar returns from sonar pulses transmitted into the underwater environment and convert sound energy of the first sonar returns into first sonar return data;
wherein the second transducer element is configured to receive second sonar returns from the sonar pulses transmitted into the underwater environment and convert sound energy of the second sonar returns into second sonar return data;
wherein the second row of transducer elements comprises at least a third transducer element and a fourth transducer element;
wherein the third transducer element is configured to receive third sonar returns from the sonar pulses transmitted into the underwater environment and convert sound energy of the third sonar returns into third sonar return data;
wherein the fourth transducer element is configured to receive fourth sonar returns from the sonar pulses transmitted into the underwater environment and convert sound energy of the fourth sonar returns into fourth sonar return data;
wherein the first row of transducer elements is disposed proximate the second row of transducer elements such that the first transducer element is positioned in the housing at a predetermined distance from the third transducer element and the second transducer element is positioned in the housing at the predetermined distance from the fourth transducer element;
a sonar signal processor configured to:
process the first sonar return data and the second sonar return data to generate a plurality of first array sonar return data that correspond to a plurality of first receive beams that are each oriented at different predetermined angles with respect to each other;
process the third sonar return data and the fourth sonar return data to generate a plurality of second array sonar return data that correspond to a plurality of second receive beams that are each oriented at the different predetermined angles with respect to each other;
generate, based on the first sonar return data, the second sonar return data, the third sonar return data, and the fourth sonar return data, a set of 3D sonar return data associated with the underwater environment by:
generating one or more second angles within each of the plurality of first receive beams by correlating the plurality of first array sonar return data and the plurality of second array sonar return data at each of the different predetermined angles, wherein the correlation is based on the predetermined distance, and wherein the second angle is perpendicular to the different predetermined angle of each corresponding first receive beam; and
generate a 3D image based on the generated set of 3D sonar return data.

US Pat. No. 10,114,118

RADAR DEVICE

FURUNO ELECTRIC COMPANY L...

1. A radar device with a radar antenna, the radar device comprising:a housing having a first wall component and a second wall component that are opposite each other;
a transmitting unit attached on the first wall component side in an internal space of the housing, and configured to transmit radar signal through the radar antenna;
a receiving unit attached on the second wall component side in the internal space of the housing, disposed opposite the transmitting unit, and configured to receive reflected wave of the radar signal through the radar antenna; and
a power supply unit,
the housing further having a third wall component that is disposed in an orientation that is different from that of the first wall component and the second wall component, and
the power supply unit being disposed on the third wall component side in the internal space of the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,114,117

DETECTION OF AN OBJECT BY USE OF A 3D CAMERA AND A RADAR

SCANIA CV AB, (SE)

1. A method using a 3D camera and radar for a vehicle for detecting an object in an area, the method comprising:collecting first measurement data related to the area by a sensor in the 3D camera, using a first sensor setting;
receiving second measurement data related to the area from a radar; and
adjusting the sensor setting of the 3D camera from the first sensor setting to an adjusted second sensor setting based on the second measurement data received from the radar to enable collection of third measurement data related to the area using the adjusted second sensor setting;
collecting the third measurement data related to the area by the sensor in the 3D camera using the adjusted second sensor setting; and
detecting the object based on interpreting of the third measurement data together with the second measurement data received from the radar.

US Pat. No. 10,114,116

COMMON BURST FOR PULSE COMPRESSION RADAR

NAVICO HOLDING AS, Egers...

1. A method, the method comprising:determining a first burst for a first range using a pulse compression radar system, wherein the first burst comprises one or more first transmission frames;
determining a second burst for a second range using the pulse compression radar system, wherein the second burst comprises one or more second transmission frames, wherein the first range is different than the second range; and
transmitting a common burst for the first range and the second range using the pulse compression radar system, wherein the common burst includes the one or more first transmission frames and the one or more second transmission frames, wherein at least one common transmission frame is included in the one or more first transmission frames and included in the one or more second transmission frames, wherein the at least one common transmission frame is transmitted once with the common burst.

US Pat. No. 10,114,115

DYNAMIC SENSOR ARRAY

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A sensing apparatus, comprising:a sensor array including a plurality of sensors with a distance defined between at least two of said sensors; and
a shape memory alloy (“SMA”) operatively connected to at least one of said plurality of sensors, said SMA controllably deformable to change the distance between said at least two of said sensors;
wherein a desired frequency of operation for the sensors comprises a first desired frequency and a second desired frequency for a radio frequency (“RF”) signal, and wherein said distance varies between a minimum distance corresponding to about one half of the first desired wavelength of the RF signal and a maximum distance corresponding to about one half of the second desired wavelength of the RF signal.

US Pat. No. 10,114,114

ULTRASONIC PROBE WITH PRECHARGE CIRCUIT AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING AN ULTRASONIC PROBE

STMICROELECTRONICS S.R.L....

1. A device, comprising:a low-voltage amplifier including an amplifier input and amplifier biasing circuitry configured to bias the amplifier; and
a selection circuit configured to couple between the amplifier input and an ultrasonic transducer and including:
a node;
a first switch coupled between the node and the amplifier input; and
node biasing circuitry coupled to the amplifier biasing circuitry and configured to, before the first switch couples the node to the amplifier input in a receive mode of operation, bias the node based on the biasing of the amplifier.

US Pat. No. 10,114,113

ULTRASOUND RANGE CORRECTION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle system comprising:a processor having a memory, wherein the processor is programmed to receive a first distance signal representing a distance measured by a radar sensor, determine a correction factor for a distance measured by an ultrasound sensor based on the distance measured by the radar sensor, and calibrate the ultrasound sensor in accordance with the distance measured by the radar sensor by applying the correction factor to a distance measured by the ultrasound sensor,
wherein applying the correction factor to the output of the ultrasound sensor includes multiplying a distance measured by the ultrasound sensor by the correction factor.

US Pat. No. 10,114,112

COMMUNICATING SERVICE INFORMATION FROM ONE LIGHT DETECTION AND RANGING (LIDAR) SYSTEM TO ANOTHER LIDAR SYSTEM

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for receiving information from a light detection and ranging (LIDAR) system, comprising:transmitting, by a first LIDAR system, a first light signal modulated to include a first identifier associated with the first LIDAR system into an environment;
receiving a second light signal from the environment;
decoding the second light signal to extract a second identifier;
determining that the second identifier is associated with a second LIDAR system;
extracting service information from the second light signal, wherein the service information comprises data generated by the second LIDAR system; and
performing an action based on the service information.

US Pat. No. 10,114,111

METHOD FOR DYNAMICALLY CONTROLLING LASER POWER

LUMINAR TECHNOLOGIES, INC...

1. A method for dynamically varying an amount of laser power in a lidar system, the method comprising:emitting light pulses by a light source in a lidar system;
identifying, by a controller in the lidar system, a triggering event for adjusting an amount of power for subsequent light pulses provided by the light source, the triggering event including detecting an atmospheric condition; and
providing, by the controller, a control signal to the light source adjusting the amount of power for the subsequent light pulses provided by the light source based on the triggering event.

US Pat. No. 10,114,110

OBJECT DETECTING DEVICE, SENSING DEVICE, AND MOBILE OBJECT DEVICE

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An object detecting device comprising:a light source which includes a plurality of light emitting units arranged in an array in a sub-scanning direction and grouped into light emitting unit groups of non-adjacent light emitting units;
a deflector which deflects light from the light source to scan an area in a scanning direction; and
an optical detector which includes a plurality of light receiving units arranged in the sub-scanning direction so as to correspond to the plurality of light emitting units, and receives light deflected by the deflector and reflected by an object, wherein the non-adjacent light emitting units in each light emitting unit group are turned on simultaneously and at a different timing than the non-adjacent light emitting units in another light emitting unit group.

US Pat. No. 10,114,109

LIDAR WITH HEXAGONAL LASER ARRAY

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method of assembling an array lidar system comprising a plurality of illuminators and a plurality of detectors, the method comprising:designing a plurality of hexagons of a same size such that no gaps remain between adjacent ones of the plurality of hexagons;
designing an arrangement of the plurality of illuminators or the plurality of detectors according to a hexagonal construct, the designing including arranging one or more illuminators of the plurality of illuminators or one or more detectors of the plurality of detectors within respective ones of the plurality of hexagons, wherein the one or more illuminators or the one or more detectors is at a same position within each of the respective ones of the plurality of hexagons;
implementing the design by disposing the plurality of illuminators or the plurality of detectors according to the arrangement; and
arranging a first set of wires along a first axis and arranging a second set of wires along a second axis, each of the plurality of illuminators or the plurality of detectors being associated with one of the first set of wires and one of the second set of wires, wherein the arranging the first set of wires and the arranging the second set of wires includes arranging ground wires and data-reading wires for the plurality of detectors.

US Pat. No. 10,114,108

POSITIONING APPARATUS

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A positioning apparatus that is mounted to an own vehicle, and performs positioning of the own vehicle, the positioning apparatus comprising:a light reception pattern acquisition unit that acquires a light reception pattern, the light reception pattern indicating a pattern of a change in strength of reflected light in relation to a position of the own vehicle, the reflected light being obtained using a light wave for measurement that has been transmitted from the own vehicle;
a first own vehicle position estimation unit that estimates a position of the own vehicle by referencing a database in which a reference pattern is recorded in advance, and by comparing the light reception pattern and the reference pattern, the reference pattern indicating a pattern in which a strength of reflected light is associated with each position in which a vehicle travels;
a reliability level calculator that calculates a reliability level of the position of the own vehicle estimated by the first own vehicle position estimation unit; and
an adoption determination unit that determines whether or not the estimated position of the own vehicle is adopted as a position of the own vehicle by comparing the light reception pattern and the reference pattern based on the reliability level, wherein
the reliability level calculator calculates the reliability level taking into consideration a degree of similarity in an environment in which a strength of reflected light is acquired, between the reference pattern and the light reception pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,114,107

OPTICAL PULSE CONTRAST IMPROVEMENT USING NONLINEAR CONVERSION

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. A laser radar (LADAR) system comprising:a laser transmitter configured to (i) emit laser pulses at a first wavelength and (ii) emit amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) in a spectrum concentrated around the first wavelength;
a non-linear converter configured to (i) convert the laser pulses to a second wavelength and (ii) allow the ASE to remain substantially unconverted in the spectrum concentrated around the first wavelength;
a receiver configured to receive and detect reflected laser pulses, the reflected laser pulses comprising the laser pulses at the second wavelength after reflection from at least one target; and
a spectral filter configured to (i) allow passage of the laser pulses or the reflected laser pulses and (ii) substantially filter the ASE and prevent the filtered ASE from being detected by the receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,114,106

AUTOMATED VEHICLE RADAR SYSTEM WITH AUTO-ALIGNMENT FOR AZIMUTH, ELEVATION, AND VEHICLE SPEED-SCALING-ERROR

DELPHI TECHNOLOGIES, INC....

1. A radar system with auto-alignment, said system comprising:a radar-sensor used to detect objects present in a field-of-view proximate to a host-vehicle on which the radar-sensor is mounted, said radar-sensor operable to determine a measured-range-rate (dRm), a measured-azimuth-angle (Am), and a measured-elevation-angle (Em) to each of at least three objects present in the field-of-view;
a speed-sensor used to determine a measured-speed (Sm) of the host-vehicle; and
a controller in communication with the radar-sensor and the speed-sensor, said controller configured to simultaneously determine a speed-scaling-error (Bs) of the measured-speed, an azimuth-misalignment (Ba) of the radar-sensor, and an elevation-misalignment (Be) of the radar-sensor based on the measured-range-rate, the measured-azimuth-angle, and the measured-elevation-angle to each of the at least three objects, while the host-vehicle is moving, wherein the system includes a yaw-rate-sensor used to determine a yaw-rate of the host-vehicle, wherein the controller is further configured to determine a side-slip-angle (Ys) of the host-vehicle based on the yaw-rate, and further determine the speed-scaling-error, the azimuth-misalignment, and the elevation-misalignment based on the side-slip-angle.

US Pat. No. 10,114,105

LOCATION SYSTEM USING ULTRASOUND

Sonitor Technologies AS, ...

1. A system comprising:a transmitter device configured to transmit an ultrasonic signal that communicates a binary identifier using an encoding, wherein the encoding is such that each bit position in the identifier is associated with a respective pair of frequencies and with respective first and second time positions in the signal, with the value of the bit position in the identifier determining which frequency of the pair of frequencies is transmitted at the first respective time position in the signal, and with the other frequency of the pair of frequencies being transmitted at the second respective time position in the signal; and
a receiver device comprising an ultrasonic receiver and a processing system, wherein the receiver device is configured to:
receive, with the ultrasonic receiver, said ultrasonic signal that encodes the binary identifier, wherein the encoding is such that each bit position in the identifier is associated with a respective pair of frequencies and with respective first and second time positions in the signal, with the value of the bit position in the identifier determining which frequency of the pair of frequencies is transmitted at the first respective time position in the signal, and with the other frequency of the pair of frequencies being transmitted at the second respective time position in the signal;
use the processing system to determine, for each bit position in the identifier, information relating to the strength of the received signal at (a) the first frequency and first time position, associated with the respective bit position, (b) the first frequency and second time position, associated with the respective bit position, (c) the second frequency and first time position, associated with the respective bit position, and (d) the second frequency and second time position, associated with the respective bit position; and
use the processing system to decode the binary identifier from the received signal by determining a respective value for each bit position in the identifier from said information relating to the strength of the received signal.

US Pat. No. 10,114,104

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR LEARNING WIRELESS TRANSCEIVER LOCATIONS AND UPDATING A SPATIALLY-DEPENDENT PATH-LOSS MODEL

Athentek Innovations, Inc...

1. A system to discover a new wireless access point (AP) within an indoor environment, the system comprising:wireless APs positioned at a number of calibration reference points (RPs) throughout the indoor environment, wherein the wireless APs include the new wireless AP; and
a server comprising a processing unit, a memory unit, and a server communication unit, wherein the server communication unit is in communication with the wireless APs, wherein the processing unit is programmed to:
obtain AP transmit strengths of wireless signals generated by the new wireless AP to the other wireless APs and of the wireless signals generated by the other wireless APs to the new wireless AP, wherein the AP transmit strengths are obtained from the new wireless AP and the other wireless APs,
obtain AP-to-AP received signal strength indicators (RSSIs) measured at the new wireless AP from the wireless signals transmitted by the other wireless APs and the AP-to-AP RSSIs measured at each of the other wireless APs from the wireless signals transmitted by the new wireless AP, wherein the AP-to-AP RSSIs are obtained from the new wireless AP and the other wireless APs,
determine a location of the new wireless AP within the indoor environment using at least one of information from an installation log and an AP location solver based on information from the AP transmit strengths, the AP-to-AP RSSIs, and data from a wireless signal-strength database,
calculate a number of estimated AP-to-RP RSSIs representing estimated RSSIs measured at the calibration RPs from wireless signals transmitted by the new wireless AP to the calibration RPs using a spatially-dependent path-loss model based on the location of the new wireless AP, the AP transmit strength of the new wireless AP, and the tile-specific path-loss coefficient for each of the tiles within the indoor environment,
identify the new wireless AP as a previously unseen AP prior to determining the location of the new wireless AP by comparing the AP transmit strengths and the AP-to-AP RSSIs against transmit strength data and RSSI data previously stored in the wireless signal-strength database,
add estimated AP-to-RP RSSIs to the wireless signal-strength database,
add an entry in the wireless signal-strength database associated with the new wireless AP, and
add estimated AP-to-RP RSSIs to the wireless signal-strength database to update the wireless signal-strength database.

US Pat. No. 10,114,102

SECURE COMMUNICATION WITH A TRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEM

International Business Ma...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:receiving, by a processor, an indication from a radio frequency identification (RFID) device that a mobile device is in a predetermined area, wherein the mobile device contains a public decryption key, and wherein the public decryption key is obtained from a regulatory entity;
sending, by the processor, a private key on a first frequency at a first time to the mobile device the private key verifying an identity of a communicator, wherein the communicator is maintained by the regulatory entity;
receiving, by the processor and in response to sending the private key on the first frequency, a communication request from the mobile device to communicate with the communicator;
sending, from the communicator, encrypted configuration information and encrypted state information to the mobile device;
generating, by the mobile device, a status report using the encrypted configuration information and the encrypted state information, wherein the mobile device decrypted the configuration information and the state information using the public decryption key;
presenting, by the mobile device, the status report to a user; and
disabling, in response to generation of the status report, text messaging functions of the mobile device for the duration of a traffic indicator associated with the state information.

US Pat. No. 10,114,101

FLOW CELL FOR BATCH AND CONTINUOUS SIMULTANEOUS ELECTROCHEMICAL AND EPR MEASUREMENTS AND A METHOD THEREOF

King Fahd University of P...

1. A flow cell, comprising:a first tube with a hollow interior, a top portion and a bottom portion;
a second tube forming a conduit with an inlet and an outlet, wherein the second tube is positioned in the hollow interior of the first tube;
a first electrode with a first end positioned in the conduit; and
a second electrode with a first end positioned in the conduit, wherein the first end of the second electrode opposes the first end of the first electrode and leaves a gap therebetween;
wherein the bottom portion of the first tube is removably connected to a first tube assembly, the top portion of the first tube is removably connected to a second tube assembly, the inlet of the conduit is fluidly connected to at least one solution comprising an analyte, the outlet of the conduit is fluidly connected to a waste receptacle, and a second end of the first electrode is electrically connected to a measurement device and a second end of the second electrode is electrically connected to a voltage source;
wherein the first tube assembly comprises:
a third tube with a hollow interior and a top portion, which is removably connected to the bottom portion of the first tube;
a fourth tube with a hollow interior and an exterior, wherein the fourth tube is positioned in the hollow interior of the third tube and the second end of the first electrode is located in the hollow interior of the fourth tube;
an electro-conductive material positioned in the hollow interior of the fourth tube, wherein a second end of the first electrode engages the electro-conductive material;
at least one inlet flow channel positioned in the hollow interior of the third tube, wherein the at least one inlet flow channel connects the inlet of the conduit with the at least one solution comprising the analyte;
a wire with a first end and a second end, wherein the first end of the wire is positioned in the hollow interior of the fourth tube, opposing the second end of the first electrode and engages the electro-conductive material; and
a first seal positioned circumferentially about the first electrode and seals the hollow interior of the fourth tube from the conduit;
wherein the inlet flow channel and the exterior of the fourth tube are secured in the hollow interior of the third tube.

US Pat. No. 10,114,100

METHOD FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING

1. A method for Magnetic Resonance Imaging to depict a 3-dimensional object by an image having pixels representing volume elements of the object, comprising:immobilising the object and acquiring a reference image of the object with a receiver coil at a first echo time immediately following an excitation by a transmitter coil, wherein said reference image is complex-valued, representing each volume element by a pixel with a reference magnitude value and a reference phase value;
keeping the object immobilised and acquiring a target image of the object with said receiver coil at a pre-selected second echo time, longer than said first echo time, following the same or another excitation by said transmitter coil, wherein said target image is complex-valued, representing each volume element by a pixel with a target magnitude value and a target phase value;
subtracting, pixel by pixel, the reference phase value from the target phase value to obtain a corrected phase value for each pixel; and
obtaining said image from said target magnitude values and said corrected phase values, wherein the method is applied to each of a plurality of receiver coils arranged around said immobilised object to obtain a respective plurality of said images, followed by the step of calculating a combined phase image, pixel by pixel, according to
with<(?) denoting the four-quadrant tangent inverse operator,
mT,p being the target magnitude value of a pixel, representing a volume element of the object, in a target image acquired with the pth receiver coil,
?T,p being the target phase value of said pixel,
?R,p being the reference phase value of a pixel, representing said volume element, in a reference image acquired with the pth receiver coil, and
?S being the phase value of a pixel, representing said volume element, in the combined phase image.

US Pat. No. 10,114,099

HIGH RESOLUTION MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING WITH REDUCED DISTORTION BASED ON REDUCED-FIELD-OF-VIEW AND GENERALIZED PARALLEL IMAGING

The Board of Trustees of ...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging method comprising:a) using a magnetic resonance imaging system to excite a field of view (FOV) for a target being imaged;
b) using an excitation plan to limit said excited FOV to selected bands of magnetization;
c) simultaneously exciting multiple said selected bands of magnetization within a single slice;
d) applying phase encoding along a shortest FOV dimension;
e) simultaneously acquiring a signal from each said excited selected band of magnetization; and
f) combining different strips of said magnetization into a composite image to reconstruct and output a target image from said acquired signal.

US Pat. No. 10,114,098

METHOD ESTIMATING A PSEUDO HOUNSFIELD UNIT VALUE

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A method comprising, with one or more processors, performing the steps of:determining a relative prevalence of a first tissue class within each of a plurality of volume elements in a region of a subject from a plurality of magnetic resonance images having different contrasts;
determining a relative prevalence of a second tissue class within each of the volume elements in the region of the subject from the plurality of magnetic resonance images;
determining a relative prevalence of a third tissue class within each of the volume elements in the region of the subject based on subtraction of a relative prevalence of the first and/or second tissue class from a total tissue prevalence within each of the volume elements;
providing a first reference Hounsfield unit value for the first tissue class;
providing a second reference Hounsfield unit value for the second tissue class;
providing a third reference Hounsfield unit value for the third tissue class;
estimating a pseudo CT Hounsfield unit value for each of the plurality of volume elements within the region of the subject by determining a weighted sum of the first, second, and third reference Hounsfield unit values with weighting factors based on the determined relative prevalences of the first, second, and third tissue classes to form a pseudo CT Hounsfield unit image representation of the region of the subject; and
at least one of:
providing positron emission tomography (PET) imaging data from the region of the subject, and with the pseudo CT Hounsfield unit image representation, attenuation correcting the PET imaging data and reconstructing the attenuation corrected PET imaging data into an attenuation corrected PET image, and displaying the attenuation corrected PET image on a display device, and
from the pseudo CT Hounsfield unit image and at least one of the plurality of magnetic resonance images, generating a radiation therapy plan, and controlling a radiation therapy device to irradiate the region of the subject in accordance with the radiation therapy plan.

US Pat. No. 10,114,097

MEDICAL IMAGING APPARATUS HAVING MULTIPLE SUBSYSTEMS, AND OPERATING METHOD THEREFOR

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A method for operating a medical imaging examination apparatus comprising a plurality of apparatus subsystems, comprising:determining ambient conditions of a scan volume in a medical imaging examination apparatus;
storing the current ambient conditions in a global ambient condition parameter set comprising parameters that describe said current ambient conditions;
providing a selected scan protocol to control computer that is assigned to a scan sequence in which said control computer will control the plurality of apparatus subsystems in coordination to conduct the scan sequence to acquire medical imaging data from an examination subject;
starting a scan with the selected scan protocol;
providing said control computer with sequence control data for said selected scan protocol that define different functional sub-sequences of said scan sequence to be performed respectively by said apparatus subsystems;
before or during said scan, in said control computer, assigning respectively different effective volumes of the examination subject to the respective functional sub-sequences;
before or during said scan, in said control computer, determining respective current sub-regions in respective effective volumes individually associated with the respective current functional sub-sequences of the scan sequence, in which sub-regions an optimization is to be made during said scan;
in said control computer, calculating optimized control signals for said selected scan sequence during said scan dependent on said sequence control data, the determined sub-regions of the effective volumes, and the global ambient condition parameter set, by executing an algorithm in said control computer that optimizes the functional sub-sequences locally in the examination subject at least with regard to a sub-region of the respective effective volumes; and
in said control computer, providing said optimized control signals to at least one of said apparatus subsystems during said scan.

US Pat. No. 10,114,096

MULTI-SLICE MAGNETIC RESONANCE DATA ACQUISITION METHOD AND IMAGING APPARATUS

Siemens Healthcare GmbH, ...

1. A multi-slice data acquisition and ordering method for a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) apparatus, said method comprising:in a computer, automatically determining a number NC of fractional acquisitions and a number NS of individual, complete slice data acquisitions of a multi-slice data acquisition to be executed by an MR scanner;
in said computer, using an iterative odd/even arranging algorithm to arrange a slice data acquisition order of each of the fractional acquisitions according to an ideal number of iterations, and obtaining the ideal number of iterations from multiple undetermined numbers j of iterations of the iterative odd/even arranging algorithm according to the number NS of individual complete slice data acquisitions and the number NC of fractional acquisitions; and
said computer being configured to generate an electronic signal that designates the determined slice acquisition order, and to emit said electronic signal from said computer in a form for controlling the scanner so as to execute the multi-slice data acquisition with data for the respective slices being acquired according to the determined slice acquisition order.

US Pat. No. 10,114,095

MULTI-SPECTRAL MRI SCAN WITH MAGNETIZATION RECOVERY

BOSTON MEDICAL CENTER COR...

1. A method of performing a multi-slice magnetic resonance scan on a subject, the method comprising:(a) applying a first excitation pulse to a first slice of a subject;
(b) detecting a first plurality of echo signals emitted by the first slice after the first excitation pulse;
(c) waiting a first period of time;
(d) applying a second excitation pulse to the first slice during partial recovery of a longitudinal magnetization of the first slice; and
(e) detecting a second plurality of echo signals emitted by the first slice after the second excitation pulse.

US Pat. No. 10,114,094

METHOD AND MAGNETIC RESONANCE SYSTEM FOR DETECTING MR DATA

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A method for acquiring magnetic resonance (MR) data from an object, comprising:operating an MR scanner, while an object is situated therein, to activate a slice-selection gradient along a first direction and to radiate a radio-frequency (RF) excitation pulse that excites nuclear spins in a volume of the object selected by said slice-selection gradient;
operating said MR scanner to radiate a first refocusing pulse and to activate a first phase encoding gradient along said first direction and to activate a second phase encoding gradient along a second direction that is perpendicular to said first direction;
operating said MR scanner to activate a readout gradient along a third direction that is perpendicular to said first direction and to said second direction to read out MR data from the object;
entering the MR data into a memory organized as k-space, comprising a plurality of k-space lines, by entering said MR data into a first k-space line among said plurality of k-space lines; and
for each of multiple k-space lines in said plurality of k-space lines other than said first k-space line, activating said readout gradient along said third direction, without again activating said first phase encoding gradient, and radiate a second refocusing pulse and, after radiating said second refocusing pulse, reading out further MR data and entering said further MR data respectively into said multiple k-space lines.

US Pat. No. 10,114,093

METHOD FOR EXTRACTING INFORMATION ENCODED IN A RESULT OF AN NMR MEASUREMENT

numares AG, Regensburg (...

1. An NMR measuring method, comprising the following steps:a) obtaining a calibration result by performing an NMR measurement of a calibration sample by means of an NMR device using specific settings of the NMR device, the calibration sample having a defined and known concentration with respect to at least one constituent,
b) obtaining a first control result by performing an NMR measurement of a first control sample by means of the NMR device using the same settings of the NMR device as for obtaining the calibration result, the first control sample having a defined and known concentration with respect to at least one constituent,
c) after having obtained the first control result, obtaining a sample result by performing an NMR measurement of a sample by means of the NMR device using the same settings of the NMR device as for obtaining the calibration result,
d) repeating step c) for a plurality of samples,
e) after having obtained the last sample result, obtaining a second control result by performing an NMR measurement of a second control sample by means of the NMR device using the same settings of the NMR device as for obtaining the calibration result, the second control sample having a defined and known concentration with respect to at least one constituent,
f) controlling the stability of the NMR device during carrying out the NMR measuring method by comparing the second control result with the first control result,
g) calculating a conversion factor being indicative for a dependency between NMR-encoded information on the calibration sample and the concentration of the at least one constituent of the calibration sample,
h) performing the following method steps for each of the sample results:
i) multiplying the respective sample result by the conversion factor so as to calibrate the respective sample result and to account for NMR measurement device specification,
ii) calculating a validity value for at least one subset of the NMR-encoded information of the respective sample result, the validity value indicating whether or not a first subset of the NMR-encoded information can be well distinguished from a second subset of the NMR-encoded information, and
iii) assigning the validity value to the subset of the NMR-encoded information for which it was calculated.

US Pat. No. 10,114,092

CONNECTION SYSTEM AND METHOD

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A connection system, comprising:a connector electrically connected and fixedly secured to a gradient coil assembly of a magnetic resonance imaging device;
a cable block fixedly secured to a magnet of the magnetic resonance imaging device substantially above the connector; and
a cable having a first end electrically connected to the cable block and a second end received by the connector and forming an electrical connection between the connector and the cable block.

US Pat. No. 10,114,091

AUTOMATIC DETUNING OF NON-CONNECTED TRANSCEIVER COILS FOR MRI

1. A device for automatic detuning of a magnetic resonance tomography (MRT) local coil of an MRT system, the device comprising:a transceiver branch comprising self-closing switches that are automatically closed or open depending on the presence of an MRT high-frequency field, the self-closing switches being in communication with the MRT local coil,
wherein the MRT local coil comprises a connecting cable with a plug connectable to the MRT system, and wherein the MRT local coil is not connected to the MRT system via the connecting cable and plug during the detuning of the MRT local coil, and
wherein the MRT local coil is configured for transmitting RF transmit signals and for receiving RF receive signals.

US Pat. No. 10,114,089

NMR MEASURING PROBE

JEOL Ltd., Tokyo (JP)

1. An NMR measuring probe comprising:an inner wall body having a tubular hollow cavity that accommodates therein a sample vessel and in which a temperature adjustment gas is supplied;
an outer wall body in which the inner wall body is inserted and that constitutes a vacuum vessel together with the inner wall body;
an NMR signal detector that is arranged inside the vacuum vessel and is placed in a cooling state; and
a sealing structure for sealing a sealed section between the inner wall body and the outer wall body,
wherein the sealing structure includes
a first sealing member having characteristics for sealing the sealed section in a regular temperature region excluding a low temperature region including a lower limit in a possible temperature adjustment range of the temperature adjustment gas, and
a second sealing member that is provided on a vacuum side or an atmosphere side to the first sealing member in the sealed section and has characteristics for sealing the sealed section in the low temperature region in the temperature adjustment range.

US Pat. No. 10,114,087

RF COIL AND MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING APPARATUS

TOSHIBA MEDICAL SYSTEMS C...

1. A radio frequency (RF) coil for use in a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) apparatus, said RF coil comprising:a puncture needle insertion assembly having a surface with a plurality of defined spaces through which a puncture needle can be inserted,
wherein the puncture needle insertion assembly includes stacked layers of insulating material, each layer having laid thereon conductor elements of an RF coil that are insulated from conductor elements of an RF coil on another layer and that are laid to meander on a frame between the spaces.

US Pat. No. 10,114,086

HYBRID PET/MR IMAGING SYSTEMS

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A hybrid imaging system comprising:a radio frequency isolation space defined by a Faraday cage;
a magnetic resonance scanner disposed in the radio frequency isolation space;
a second modality imaging system disposed in the same radio frequency isolation space as the magnetic resonance scanner, the second modality imaging system being one of the group consisting of a positron emission tomography (PET) scanner and a gamma camera, the magnetic resonance scanner and the second modality imaging system being physically separate units that are spaced apart by a gap; and
second modality electronics associated with radiation detectors of the second modality imaging system, the second modality electronics configured to reduce radio frequency interference generated by the second modality electronics at one or more magnetic resonance frequencies of the magnetic resonance scanner by at least one of:
the second modality electronics being clocked at a frequency selected to suppress generation of radio frequency interference at the one or more magnetic resonance frequencies of the magnetic resonance scanner,
the second modality electronics being notch filtered to block generation of radio frequency interference at the one or more magnetic resonance frequencies of the magnetic resonance scanner,
wherein no radio frequency shield is disposed between the magnetic resonance scanner and the second modality imaging system.

US Pat. No. 10,114,085

MAGNETIC FIELD SENSOR WITH IMPROVED RESPONSE IMMUNITY

Allegro MicroSystems, LLC...

1. A magnetic field sensor comprising a plurality of magnetoresistance elements, each having a respective length and width selected to provide a respective, different response to an applied magnetic field, wherein each of the plurality of magnetoresistance elements is coupled in parallel, and wherein the length and width of a first one of the plurality of magnetoresistance elements is different than and a multiple of the length and width of a second one of the plurality of magnetoresistance elements.

US Pat. No. 10,114,084

HALL SENSOR EXCITATION SYSTEM

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A Hall plate excitation system, comprising:a current source configured to provide an excitation current to a Hall plate;
a switching network configured to switchably connect the current source to each of a plurality of terminals of the Hall plate; and
a controller configured to:
adjust the excitation current no more than once during each of a plurality of spin cycles; and
sequentially switch the excitation current to each of the plurality of terminals of the Hall plate during each spinning cycle;
wherein the excitation current is constant during each spinning cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,114,083

MAGNETOMETER AND METHOD OF FABRICATION

THE UNIVERSITY OF QUEENSL...

1. An optical magnetometer comprising:an optical resonator having a central void; and
a magnetostrictive material located in the central void such that a change in dimension of the magnetostrictive material causes a change in mechanical modes of the optical resonator due to the magnetorestrictive material expanding or contracting radially with respect to an inner surface of the optical resonator immediately adjacent to the central void.

US Pat. No. 10,114,082

SYSTEM AND METHOD USING HYBRID MAGNETIC FIELD MODEL FOR IMAGING MAGNETIC FIELD SOURCES

1. A system for detecting a magnetic field generated by a magnetic field source, the system comprising:a magnetometer array configured to generate data regarding an activity of the magnetic field source; and
a computing device configured to execute a magnetic beamforming data processing program including a hybrid model configured to receive the data generated by the magnetometer array and to detect the magnetic field generated by the magnetic field source, wherein the hybrid model is based on a weighted sum of a plurality of contributions to the magnetic field including—
a first modelled magnetic field contribution generated by a current dipole aligned with an axis of the magnetic field source, and
a second modelled magnetic field contribution generated by a loop current flowing around the axis of the magnetic field source,
wherein a first weighting factor is applied to the first modelled magnetic field contribution and a second weighting factor is applied to the second modelled magnetic field contribution, and then the weighted first and second modelled magnetic field contributions are summed to produce the hybrid model.

US Pat. No. 10,114,081

LOW-NOISE FLUXGATE MAGNETOMETER WITH INCREASED OPERATING TEMPERATURE RANGE

Halliburton Energy Servic...

11. A non-transitory computer-readable medium including instructions that, when executed on a processing unit, cause the processing unit to:provide control to a heat source to cause the heat source to heat a fluxgate magnetometer to a plurality of temperatures over a temperature range, the fluxgate magnetometer including an excitation coil, a detection coil wound around an amorphous soft magnetic core, and a resonation control circuit, such that a detection circuit including the detection coil resonates at an excitation frequency of the excitation coil and such that inductance of the detection circuit changes with temperature variations in the amorphous soft magnetic core;
provide control to provide calibration currents to the detection coil of the fluxgate magnetometer, at each temperature of the temperature range, to generate calibration magnetic fields Bcal in the fluxgate magnetometer;
measure and recording output signals Vout of the fluxgate magnetometer generated in response to the calibration currents to measure and record values of ? at each temperature in the temperature range, wherein the ratio ? is the ratio of a feedback magnetic field to a feedback current in the feedback loop; and
adjust measurements received from the fluxgate magnetometer based on the ratio ? after the fluxgate magnetometer is placed downhole to generate adjusted magnetic field measurements.

US Pat. No. 10,114,078

METHOD AND APPARATUS TO ESTIMATE STATE OF BATTERY BASED ON BATTERY CHARGING VOLTAGE DATA

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A computing apparatus for performing a real-time battery stabilization using battery state estimation, the computing apparatus comprising:one or more sensors configured to sense charging voltage data for a current battery and for a plurality of batteries at a battery life termination point, wherein the sensed charging voltage data for the plurality of batteries at the battery life termination point is pre-stored; and
one or more processors, in communication with the one or more sensors, configured to:
extract partial data corresponding to a section from the sensed charging voltage data;
determine a first distance between data extracted from pre-stored charging voltage data of an initial battery life and the partial data extracted from the sensed charging voltage data of the current battery, for reducing a computation or calculation workload using the partial data in the determining of the first distance;
determine a second distance between the data extracted from the pre-stored charging voltage data of the initial battery life and data extracted from the pre-stored charging voltage data of the plurality of batteries at the battery life termination point;
determine a score using the first distance and the second distance; and
estimate an abnormal state of the current battery using the score, such that the real-time battery stabilization is provided using a result of the estimating.

US Pat. No. 10,114,077

ELECTRONIC DEVICE, METHOD, AND COMPUTER READABLE MEDIUM HAVING INSTRUCTIONS CAPABLE OF AUTOMATICALLY MEASURING PARAMETER(S) ASSOCIATED WITH BATTERY CELL

MEDIATEK INC., Hsin-Chu ...

1. A method applied into an electronic device and capable of automatically measuring at least one parameter, comprising:launching an automatic program/application on the electronic device;
using the automatic program/application to measure the at least one parameter that is at least associated with the battery cell connected to and used for providing power to the electronic device; and
performing power throttling of the electronic device to determine a power budget based on the at least one parameter that is at least associated with the battery cell.

US Pat. No. 10,114,076

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE FOR HYBRID ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS

NEC Corporation, (JP)

1. A method for semiconductor device selection, comprising:identifying a worst operation condition for a plurality of semiconductor devices in a Modular Multilevel Converter (MMC), the identifying comprising:
determining power losses for each of the semiconductor devices under a plurality of operation conditions, and
calculating a maximum junction temperature for each of the plurality of semiconductor devices at each of the plurality of operation conditions;
determining a maximum junction temperature under the identified worst operation condition for each of a plurality of commercially available semiconductor devices which satisfy a threshold voltage rating;
comparing all semiconductor devices which satisfy the threshold voltage rating and a maximum junction temperature threshold condition to identify a semiconductor device with a lowest system cost; and
selecting and installing the semiconductor device with the lowest system cost in the MMC.

US Pat. No. 10,114,075

SCAN TEST MULTIPLEXING

Advantest Corporation, T...

1. A method for testing data from devices under test (DUTs), said method comprising:strobing first data that is output from a first logic block under test through a multiplexer to a plurality of channels of an automated test equipment (ATE), wherein said plurality of channels are allocated between said first logic block and a second logic block under test, wherein said second logic block is placed on hold during said strobing first data output from said first logic block and wherein further said strobing first data is performed using a first programmable strobing edge number, wherein a programmable strobing edge number is operable to differentiate interleaved test results from multiple logic blocks, wherein each logic block is assigned a unique strobing edge number, and wherein each logic block is strobed using a different edge;
testing said first data against expected data and, responsive to a detected failure of said first data, reporting said failure and said first programmable strobing edge number within a first flag structure;
strobing second data that is output from said second logic block through said multiplexer to said plurality of channels of said ATE allocated between said first logic block and said second logic block wherein said first logic block is placed on hold during said strobing second data and wherein further said strobing second data is performed using a second programmable strobing edge number; and
testing said second data against expected data and, responsive to a detected failure of said second data, reporting said failure and said second programmable strobing edge number within a second flag structure.

US Pat. No. 10,114,074

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR WAFER-LEVEL LOOPBACK TEST

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method performed on a die having a plurality of data nodes, each of the data nodes associated with a respective bit of data, each data node of the plurality of data nodes having a transmit data path coupled to a receive data path through a conductor exposed on a surface of the die, the method comprising:providing a clock signal on a clock path of the die, wherein the clock signal is provided to the transmit data path of each data node through a transmit clock tree, and wherein the clock signal is provided to the receive data path of each data node through a receive clock tree, wherein the transmit clock tree feeds the clock signal to the receive clock tree through an exposed conductive clock node on the surface of the die, further wherein the transmit clock tree, the receive clock tree, and the conductive clock node form a loopback clock path contained within the die; and
for each of the data nodes:
performing a loopback test by latching in test data to the transmit data path and latching out result data from the receive data path.

US Pat. No. 10,114,073

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT TESTING

Rambus Inc., Sunnyvale, ...

1. A system comprising:a data compression component to compress data received from an integrated circuit under test at a first clock frequency, to generate compressed data; and
a data output component, operatively coupled to the data compression component, to convey the compressed data to automated testing equipment at a second clock frequency, wherein the first clock frequency provides testing of the integrated circuit at a higher frequency than the second clock frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,114,072

PROCESSING METHOD AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS FOR DIGITAL SIGNAL

MSTAR SEMICONDUCTOR, INC....

1. A processing method for a digital signal, comprising:detecting a quality of a first eye in an eye diagram of a digital signal, comprising auto-compensating the digital signal, and detecting the quality of the first eye in the eye diagram of the auto-compensated digital signal;
equalizing the digital signal, comprising equalizing the auto-compensated digital signal;
detecting a quality of a second eye in the eye diagram of the digital signal;
determining whether the quality of the second eye is superior to the quality of the first eye by a predetermined threshold; and
outputting the digital signal if the quality of the second eye is superior to the quality of the first eye by the predetermined threshold, or else repeating the step of equalizing the digital signal and the subsequent steps.

US Pat. No. 10,114,071

TESTING MECHANISM FOR A PROXIMITY FAIL PROBABILITY OF DEFECTS ACROSS INTEGRATED CHIPS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A processor-implemented method implementing a testing mechanism for determining a status of circuitry within a chip, the chip comprising a semiconductor wafer including one or more levels on which one or more resistors, one or more capacitors, and one or more transistors are fabricated to provide the circuitry, each of the one or more levels being a structural portion of the chip itself, the processor-implemented method comprising:collecting, by the testing mechanism, fail signatures from portions of the circuitry within the chip to determine the status of the circuitry within a chip, where the fail signatures evidence lack of operability for the portions of the circuitry within the chip;
analyzing, by the testing mechanism, the fail signatures on a by-level basis to produce analyzed signatures;
statistically, by the testing mechanism, determining by-level fail probabilities and associated confidence scores utilizing tracing diagnostics of the fail signatures, the by-level fail probabilities comprise statistical determinations that the portions of the circuitry within the chip contain defects and that the portions of the circuitry within the chip are likely to fail due to those defects, the by-level fail probabilities being statistically determined based on a plurality of signal types received as the tracing diagnostics by the testing mechanism during testing of the chip, the confidence scores comprising an agreement level between multiple by-level fail probabilities;
determining, by the testing mechanism, whether functionally needed circuitry of the chip intersects with the high probability defect area within the chip;
identifying, by the testing mechanism, at least one high probability defect area within the chip based on the by-level fail probabilities, associated confidence scores, and the analyzed signatures; and
determining, by the testing mechanism, the status of the circuitry in response to the determining of whether the functionally needed circuitry intersects with the at least one high probability defect area; and
determining, by the testing mechanism, whether to mitigate the at least one high probability defect area when the functionally needed circuitry intersects with the high probability defect area, mitigating the at least one high probability defect area includes blocking operations by turning off corresponding circuitry, thereby preventing use within the chip.

US Pat. No. 10,114,070

SUBSTRATE INSPECTION APPARATUS

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

1. An inspection apparatus for inspecting a semiconductor device formed on a substrate, comprising:a probe card comprising a card-side inspection circuit and a plurality of probes to be brought into contact with electrodes of the semiconductor device;
a test box electrically connected to the probe card, the test box comprising a box-side inspection circuit; and
a loader configured to load the substrate,
wherein the card-side inspection circuit has a circuit configuration of a function extension card to which the semiconductor device is to be mounted after being separated from the substrate,
wherein the box-side inspection circuit has a circuit configuration of a motherboard to which the function extension card is connected,
wherein the probe card is located closer to the semiconductor device than the test box,
wherein the loader includes a basic unit which includes at least one of a power supply, a controller and a measurement module, said basic unit forming a common part between various circuit configurations on which the semiconductor device is to be mounted,
wherein the box-side inspection circuit and the basic unit form the circuit configurations on which the semiconductor device is to be mounted,
wherein the power supply of the basic unit is configured to supply a power to the box-side inspection circuit and to the card-side inspection circuit via the box-side inspection circuit, and the controller of the basic unit is configured to control the box-side inspection circuit to inspect electric characteristics of the semiconductor device, and
wherein the semiconductor device is a MPU (Main Processing Unit), an APU (Accelerated Processing Unit), a GPU (Graphics Processing unit), or a RF tuner.

US Pat. No. 10,114,069

METHOD FOR ELECTRICAL TESTING OF A 3-D CHIP STACK

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method for electrical testing of a 3-D integrated circuit chip stack comprising at least a first integrated circuit chip and a second integrated circuit chip, wherein the first integrated circuit chip and the second integrated circuit chip are not soldered together for performing electrical testing, the method comprising:placing an integrated circuit chip holder on an integrated circuit chip carrier, wherein the integrated circuit chip carrier is operable for electrically connecting the 3-D integrated circuit chip stack with an electronic testing system;
placing the first and second integrated circuit chips on the integrated circuit chip carrier, within the integrated circuit chip holder, with the second integrated circuit chip residing on the first integrated circuit chip, and the first integrated circuit chip residing on the integrated circuit chip carrier;
placing a cover onto the integrated circuit chip holder, including over the first and second integrated circuit chips within the integrated circuit chip;
making, using an applied pressure, a first temporary electrical connection between the first integrated circuit chip and the integrated circuit chip carrier and a first temporary mechanical connection between the first integrated circuit chip and the integrated circuit chip carrier, wherein the integrated circuit chip holder and the applied pressure facilitate making the first temporary electrical connection and the first temporary mechanical connection, the applied pressure forcing the first integrated circuit chip towards the integrated circuit chip carrier, and the second integrated circuit chip towards the first integrated circuit chip;
making, using the applied pressure, a second temporary electrical connection between the second integrated circuit chip and the first integrated circuit chip and a second temporary mechanical connection between the second integrated circuit chip and the first integrated circuit chip, wherein the integrated circuit chip holder and the applied pressure facilitate making the second temporary electrical connection and the second temporary mechanical connection; and
performing electrical testing of the 3-D integrated circuit chip stack using the electrical testing system.

US Pat. No. 10,114,068

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR MONITORING AGING EFFECTS ON AN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

Altera Corporation, San ...

1. An integrated circuit comprising:a control circuit that receives a clock signal;
a sense circuit that receives the clock signal and that operates in at least a stress mode and a measurement mode, wherein the sense circuit and the control circuit have different structures, wherein the clock signal is routed through the control circuit to the sense circuit during the stress mode, and wherein changes in predetermined electrical parameters of one or more transistors in the sense circuit as a result of coupling the clock signal are measured during the measurement mode; and
a feedback path coupled between an output of the sense circuit and an input of the control circuit that enables a closed loop measurement mode for the sense circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,114,067

INTEGRATED WAVEGUIDE STRUCTURE AND SOCKET STRUCTURE FOR MILLIMETER WAVEBAND TESTING

ADVANTEST CORPORATION, T...

1. A structure for signal transmission, said structure comprising:a first plurality of waveguides disposed adjacently and substantially in parallel with each other—and wherein the first plurality of waveguides is disposed adjacent to a socket; and
the socket comprising an opening operable to support an insertion of a device under test (DUT), wherein the DUT is communicatively coupled to a plurality of microstrip transmission lines on a printed circuit board (PCB) underlying the socket for transmitting test signals from the DUT, wherein each of the microstrip transmission lines is electrically coupled to a respective patch antenna, and wherein each of the first plurality of waveguides is mounted onto a respective patch antenna, and
wherein the first plurality of waveguides and the socket are integrated together as a common structure.

US Pat. No. 10,114,066

INTERFACE UNIT, CONVEYING SYSTEM AND METHOD

Kone Corporation, Helsin...

1. An interface of a safety circuit associated with a conveying system, the interface configured to interface with one or more sensors, the interface comprising:an input circuit configured to receive a first sensing signal indicating a safety of the conveying system from the one or more sensors; and
one or more controllers configured to,
test an operating condition of the input circuit by,
duplicating the first sensing signal to generate duplicate sensing signals,
reading a first one of the duplicate sensing signals received by the input circuit via a first path connected to an input node of the input circuit and a second one of the duplicate sensing signals received by the input circuit via a second path connected to the input node of the input circuit, and
determining whether a failure is present in the input circuit based on the duplicate sensing signals, and
transmit a control command to an elevator control unit to instruct the elevator control unit to enter a prevention mode to prevent a subsequent run of the conveying system, if the failure is present in the input circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,114,065

PULSED ELECTRON BEAM CURRENT PROBE AND METHODS OF OPERATING THE SAME

SANDISK TECHNOLOGIES LLC,...

1. An electron beam absorbed current measurement method, comprising:connecting a conductive probe to a conductive structure of a sample;
irradiating a pulsed electron beam at least once along the conductive structure to generate an alternating current in the conductive probe; and
determining a presence of a high resistance defect in the conductive structure based on a delay of a rising edge of the alternating current waveform;
wherein irradiating the pulsed electron beam at least once comprises irradiating the pulsed electron beam a plurality of times to perform plural scans along the conductive structure, wherein each of the plural scans uses a respective external capacitance electrically connected between ground and an input node of an amplifier electrically connected to the conductive probe, the respective external capacitance being different from external capacitances for other scans among the plural scans, and the differences among the external capacitances among the plural scans being provided by increase or decrease of the capacitance between ground and the input node of the amplifier.

US Pat. No. 10,114,063

METHOD OF SINGLE-ENDED FAULT LOCATION IN HVDC TRANSMISSION LINES

ABB TECHNOLOGY AG, Zuric...

1. A method of determining a fault location in mixed transmission lines where a mixed transmission line comprises an overhead line, a cable line or any combination thereof, wherein a junction point connects the overhead line to the cable line, where each line has different surge impedances and different wave propagation velocities, wherein additional wave reflections are generated at the junction point of the overhead line and the cable line, where the method improves the accuracy from one end measurement of the mixed transmission line, the method comprising:providing a mixed high voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission line including an overhead line section and a cable line section connected to one another at a junction point, wherein each section has different surge impedances and different wave propagation velocities, and wherein said junction point generates additional wave propagation velocities, said mixed HVDC transmission line having a terminal with a measurement point at each end,
placing a fault locator at one of said measurement points, wherein said fault locator comprises:
a detection module connected to one of said measurement points to detect a fault having a fault resistance anywhere in said overhead and cable line sections and generate fault characteristic data;
an operational module connected to and receiving said fault characteristic data from said detection module for generating and storing a time scheme of received traveling waves from said fault;
a creation module connected to said measurement point comprising a reference database of known and variable data of said mixed HVDC transmission line; and
a fault location module which receives said time scheme for comparison to said known and variable data stored in said reference database;
creating said reference database for use in said creation module by generating theoretical time schemes for at least first, second and third theoretical traveling wave pulses P1?, P2?, P3? generated in theoretical faulted points (S3?) for theoretical distances (X1) established by a user for known mixed HVDC transmission line parameters which includes said junction point and arrival times T1?, T2?, T3? wherein such pulses are calculated with respect to said measurement point (S1),
detecting the presence of traveling wave pulses from an unknown real fault point (S3) of a faulted mixed HVDC transmission line for an unknown distance (X) through measuring actual traveling wave pulses P1, P2, P3 in one end of the faulted mixed HVDC transmission line and calculation of arrival times of first T1, second T2 and third T3 of traveling wave pulses P1, P2, P3 in said detection module for unknown distance (X) for the faulted mixed HVDC transmission line, when a magnitude of the first pulse P1 has a value bigger than a threshold (Th) given by the user then T1 is equal 0, and creating a real time scheme with T1, T2, T3 of pulses P1, P2, P3 measured at said measurement point S1,
comparing in said fault location module a real time scheme of traveling wave pulses P1, P2, P3 for unknown faulted point with all theoretical time scheme of pulses P1?, P2?, P3? for known theoretical faulted points (S3?) and matching by polarity checking of real time scheme for unknown point with all theoretical time schemes,
indicating the known distance (X1) by selecting the best matching theoretical time scheme for known distance with the real time scheme for unknown distance (X), and
indicating the unknown distance (X) as a value equal to the known distance (X1) which determines the location of faulted point in said faulted mixed HVDC transmission line with said junction point without using a positioned fault locator between the measurement points.

US Pat. No. 10,114,061

OUTPUT CABLE MEASUREMENT

Kohler Co., Kohler, WI (...

18. A generator comprising:a first breaker coupled to a first electrical path for a first signal indicative of a generator output and a first connection of a generator cable to an alternator of the generator;
a second breaker coupled to a second electrical path for a second signal indicative of a second connection of the generator cable to a load powered by the alternator of the generator; and
a controller configured to calculate a characteristic value for the generator cable based on the first signal and the second signal and perform a comparison of the characteristic value for the generator cable to a threshold value,
wherein the controller is configured to modify the threshold value based on temperature data for the generator cable and at least one generator cable property value,
wherein a generator status message or a generator command is provided in response to the comparison.

US Pat. No. 10,114,060

NEGATIVE BATTERY MAIN CONTACTOR STATUS DETERMINATION

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A system for detecting negative contactor status of a battery, the system comprising:a battery having a negative contactor, the negative contactor having a switch side; and
a battery control module in communication with the battery, the battery control module comprising:
a diode and a first resistor, the first resistor and the diode being electrically connected with the negative contactor;
a bipolar transistor having a base, an emitter, and a collector, the collector being electrically connected to the first resistor;
a second resistor and an analog-to-digital converter, each of the second resistor and the analog-to-digital converter being connected to the base of the bipolar transistor; and
a constant current source being electrically connected to the emitter of the bipolar transistor,
wherein the battery control module is configured to apply a constant current through the constant current source and to determine a switch side resistance of the negative contactor.

US Pat. No. 10,114,058

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR HIGH VOLTAGE LEAKAGE DETECTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a voltage bus including a positive-side conductor and a negative-side conductor;
an inverter configured to selectively couple the voltage bus to each phase of a three-phase electric machine;
a switching element arranged within a circuit including the voltage bus and a chassis of the vehicle; and
at least one controller programmed to, while the switching element is closed, operate the inverter to simultaneously couple terminals of each phase of the three-phase electric machine to a common conductor of the voltage bus to detect a leakage path to the chassis.

US Pat. No. 10,114,056

DETERIORATION SPECIFYING DEVICE AND DETERIORATION SPECIFYING METHOD

FUJITSU TEN LIMITED, Kob...

1. A deterioration specifying device mounted on a vehicle, the device comprising:a capacitor that is connected to an insulated electric power source to execute charging/discharging;
a voltage detector that detects a voltage of the capacitor when being charged through a charging path for detecting deterioration in a insulation resistance of the electric power source; and
a specifying unit that specifies an abnormal part based on whether or not the voltage of the capacitor detected by the voltage detector is within a predetermined range, wherein
the specifying unit determines: (1) during running of the vehicle, an abnormality of a motor, which is connected to the electric power source and the capacitor to be driven, based on whether or not the voltage of the capacitor is within a predetermined range, and (2) when the vehicle is stopped, an abnormality of a part mounted on the vehicle other than the motor, based on the voltage of the capacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,114,055

ELECTROSTATIC DISCHARGE TESTER

NXP USA, Inc., Austin, T...

1. Apparatus for testing a device by delivering an electrostatic discharge signal to one or more device terminals of the device, the apparatus comprising:a first part configured for mechanically mounting the device and comprising one or more first part connectors for electrically coupling to the one or more device terminals for providing electrical access to the one or more device terminals;
a second part comprising one or more second part connectors, the second part configured for electrically coupling the one or more first part connectors to the one or more second part connectors for testing the device via the one or more second part connectors;
a guide configured for mechanically moving the first part relative to the second part, wherein the guide is configured to physically disconnect the one or more first part connectors from the one or more second part connectors while the electrostatic discharge signal is delivered to the one or more device terminals.

US Pat. No. 10,114,054

FILTERED DIELECTRIC SENSOR APPARATUS

1. A dielectric sensor apparatus comprising:a. a sensor assembly further comprising:
i. a voltage signal generator which provides a carrier frequency;
ii. a transmission line probe of one or more segments and being formed of two parallel input lines, where one input line is coupled to a fixed potential, and one input line is coupled to the signal generator through a complex impedance network; and
iii. an AM demodulator coupled to the transmission line probe, providing an output voltage through at least one output data line, whereby the dielectric level of the material may be determined;
b. a microprocessor coupled to the output data line and further coupled to at least one input-output data line which connects to a filter assembly;
c. a power voltage network further comprising a network voltage source, a plurality of power nodes within the dielectric sensor apparatus and a power voltage line connected to the network voltage source;
d. a return voltage network with a plurality of return nodes within the dielectric sensor apparatus and a return voltage line connected to the network voltage source;
e. a cable of wires which includes the power voltage line, the return voltage line and the at least one input-output data line; and,
f. the filter assembly, located on a sensor side of the cable, further comprising, on each of the at least one input-output data line and the power line of the power voltage network, an inductor in series with the cable and a capacitor, on a sensor side of the inductor and shunted to the return voltage network, and, in the return voltage network, an inductor in series with the cable,wherein the transmission line probe is inserted into a medium having a dielectric constant and the AM demodulator provides an output voltage signal correlated to the medium's dielectric constant and a length of the transmission line probe that is inserted in the medium.

US Pat. No. 10,114,053

PULSE FREQUENCY MEASUREMENT DEVICE AND METHOD AND CONTROL SYSTEM

ABB Schweiz AG, Baden (C...

1. A pulse frequency measurement device comprising:a hardware counter that performs a counting operation on an input pulse sequence to output a counting result; and
a processing unit that obtains a number of pulses from the counting result and measures a first time period occupied by the obtained number of pulses, wherein the processing unit further comprises a frequency calculation module that calculates a frequency of the input pulse sequence based on the obtained number of pulses and the first time period,
wherein the frequency calculation module further calculates the frequency of the input pulse sequence based on a time period of a single pulse measured by the processing unit if the processing unit:
determines that number of times that the hardware counter reaches a full-scale counting number obtained from the counting result within a predetermined sampling time period is smaller than a first predetermined threshold; or
determines that the number of pulses obtained from the counting result within the predetermined sampling time period is smaller than a second predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,114,051

MONITORING DEVICE, MONITORING SYSTEM, MONITORING METHOD, AND NON-TRANSITORY STORAGE MEDIUM

NEC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A monitoring device comprising:a measuring instrument that acquires unit-specific monitoring waveform data, including waveform data of at least one of a total current consumption, a total input voltage, and a total power consumption in a unit in which monitoring target electrical devices are installed;
a memory storing instructions; and
a processor executing the stored instructions to:
infer operation states of at least some of the monitoring target electrical devices based on
a 1 st feature amount group including at least one kind of feature amount extracted from the unit-specific monitoring waveform data, and
a training feature amount which is a feature amount of each of the monitoring target electrical devices in a predetermined operation state; and
infer the operation states of some of the monitoring target electrical devices based on
a 2 nd feature amount group including at least one kind of feature amount extracted from the unit-specific monitoring waveform data, and different from the 1 st feature amount group, and
the training feature amount.

US Pat. No. 10,114,049

APPARATUS FOR INPUT POWER DETECTION AND METHOD THEREOF

CANYON SEMICONDUCTOR INC....

1. An electronic device, comprising:an input power detection unit, configured to determine an input voltage value and an input current value of an input power;
a transmission control unit, configured to determine a first voltage value and a first current value, based on the input voltage value and the input current value, associated with another electronic device through a handshake process;
a voltage converter, configured to convert the input power into a first power required by the another electronic device;
wherein the input power detection unit includes a voltage detection unit, configured to determine the input voltage value based on a detection voltage value; and
wherein the input power detection unit further comprises a current control unit, configured to generate a second voltage value and a second current value in response to the input power.

US Pat. No. 10,114,048

DETECTION CIRCUIT

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A detection circuit comprising:a comparator circuit including:
a first input terminal;
a second input terminal to receive a load voltage from a load circuit; and
an output terminal;
a reference voltage circuit to provide a set point voltage to the comparator circuit via the first input terminal, wherein the set point voltage has a first magnitude; and
a diode to reduce the set point voltage from the first magnitude to a second magnitude when the first magnitude is equal to or lower than a magnitude of the load voltage, wherein the diode includes an anode terminal and a cathode terminal, wherein the anode terminal is coupled to the first input terminal, and wherein the cathode terminal is coupled to the reference voltage circuit via the second input terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,114,047

CONTROL LINE DIAGNOSTIC APPARATUS

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A control line diagnostic apparatus for diagnosing a control line of a driver circuit in which a driven load is driven due to a current flowing through the control line from a first high-potential node to a first low-potential node when a driving switch having a higher potential than a potential of the driven load is turned on, the control line diagnostic apparatus comprising:a first diagnostic line having an end connected to a first node provided on the control line and the other end connected to a second high-potential node, and comprising a first resistor, a second resistor, and a first diode connected to one another in series;
a second diagnostic line having an end connected to the first node and the other end connected to a second low-potential node, and comprising a third resistor;
a voltage measurement unit configured to measure a voltage of a second node provided between the first and second resistors; and
a control unit configured to set predetermined operation modes by controlling the driving switch and to diagnose a state of the control line by using voltage values of the second node, which are measured by the voltage measurement unit in the set operation modes,
wherein the first diode is provided on the first diagnostic line to allow flow of a current from the second high-potential node to the first node.

US Pat. No. 10,114,046

MEASURING OUTPUT CURRENT IN A BUCK SMPS

MICROCHIP TECHNOLOGY INCO...

1. A method for performing current measurement in a switched-mode power supply (SMPS) having high side and low side switches coupled in series between a supply voltage and common, and a power inductor coupled between a junction of the high side and low side switches and a load, said method comprising the steps of:charging a timing capacitor with a first constant current when the high side switch is on;
discharging the timing capacitor with the first constant current when a pulse width modulation (PWM) period reaches 50% and the high side switch is on;
discharging the timing capacitor with a second constant current when the PWM period reaches 50% and the high side switch is off, wherein the second constant current is twice the first constant current; and
sampling the power inductor current when a voltage on the timing capacitor reaches a predetermined reference voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,114,045

METER AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING METER READINGS AND METHOD FOR THE WIRELESS TRANSMISSION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY

GWF MESSSYSTEME AG, Luce...

1. A meter comprising:a hermetically encapsulated electronic metering mechanism with a metering unit for determining meter readings, wherein the metering mechanism includes a data memory for storing the meter readings;
the metering unit including an antenna having a predefined antenna shape;
a readout unit for reading out the meter readings from the data memory arranged outside the metering mechanism;
the readout unit having an antenna with the predefined antenna shape corresponding to the antenna of the metering unit; and
wherein the readout unit and the metering unit are positioned relative to one another whereby the antenna of the readout unit and the antenna of the metering unit are arranged congruent with one another, and wherein electrical energy of electromagnetic radiation emitted by the antenna of the readout unit is initially used for establishing a data link between the antenna of the metering unit and the antenna of the readout unit, and wherein one of the meter readings is simultaneously determined by the metering mechanism due to the availability of the electrical energy, and wherein data is subsequently conditioned and synchronized between a main memory and a buffer memory of the data memory, and wherein a selected memory flag is set after the synchronization of the data between the buffer memory and the main memory has been completed, and wherein the readout unit is configured to initiate the transmission of the data once the selected memory flag is detected and is configured to immediately interrupt the transmission of electrical energy to the metering unit once an expected data volume has been received.

US Pat. No. 10,114,044

CURRENT SENSOR

Allegro MicroSystems, LLC...

1. A current sensor, comprising:a ferromagnetic core having a substantially central opening for receiving a current conductor and a gap comprising at least two gaps portions; and
a detector comprising at least one first magnetic field sensing element disposed in a first one of the gap portions and configured to generate a respective first magnetic field signal in response to a first magnetic field having a first angle with respect to the at least one first magnetic field sensing element and at least one second magnetic field sensing element disposed in a second one of the gap portions and configured to generate a respective second magnetic field signal in response to a second magnetic field having a second angle with respect to the at least one second magnetic field sensing element, wherein the first and second magnetic fields are substantially equal in magnitude and wherein the first and second angles are substantially opposite in polarity.

US Pat. No. 10,114,043

CLAMP METER

Fluke Corporation, Evere...

1. A clamp meter, comprising:a meter body;
a clamp jaw assembly mounted to the meter body, the clamp jaw assembly comprising a first clamp jaw and a second clamp jaw which are movable in relation to each other between a closed position and an open position, wherein in the closed position distal ends of the first and second clamp jaws meet to define an enclosed area between the first and second clamp jaws, and in the open position the distal ends of the first and second clamp jaws are separate from each other to define a gap allowing a wire under test to pass therethrough, the first clamp jaw having a proximal end opposite to its distal end; and
a locking member mounted within the meter body, wherein the locking member is operable to releasably lock the first and second clamp jaws in the closed position,
wherein the locking member comprises:
a locking slider operatively received within a slot inside the meter body, the slot having a first end and a second end spaced from the first end, wherein the locking slider is slidable within the slot along a length of the slot between a locked position and an unlocked position, and in the locked position the locking slider abuts against an inner side of the proximal end of the first clamp jaw to block the first clamp jaw from movement, and in the unlocked position the locking slider moves away from the inner side of the proximal end of the first clamp jaw to allow the first clamp jaw to move; and
a first biasing element configured to connect the locking slider and the slot; and
a switch assembly operatively coupled to the locking slider to move the locking slider along the length of the slot between the locked position and the unlocked position, wherein the switch assembly comprises:
a switch button; and
a second biasing element for exerting a biasing force to the switch button.

US Pat. No. 10,114,042

VERTICAL PROBE CARD

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A probe for a vertical probe card, the probe comprising:an unsupported base portion that extends from the vertical probe card;
a contact portion that includes a tip; and
a cantilevered portion that extends between the unsupported base portion and the contact portion and is connected to the unsupported base portion and to the contact portion, the cantilevered portion having a first end, a second end opposite the first end, a top surface that extends from the first end to second end, and a bottom surface that extends from the first end to the second end, the bottom surface being opposite the top surface and the top surface defining a length of the cantilevered portion;
wherein the unsupported base portion has a lower end that is connected to a portion of the top surface of the cantilevered portion and an upper end opposite the lower end, the unsupported base portion extending away from the top surface of the cantilevered portion so that the upper end of the unsupported base portion is located at a first height, and the lower end is connected to the portion of the top surface at a first position along the length of the cantilevered portion, the first position being adjacent the first end;
wherein the contact portion has an upper end opposite the tip, and the upper end of the contact portion is connected to a portion of the bottom surface of the cantilevered portion at a second position along the length of the cantilevered portion, the second position being adjacent the second end; and
wherein the cantilevered portion has a first thickness at the first end and a second thickness at the second end, the second thickness being less than the first thickness, and wherein a first distance between the first height and the bottom surface when measured at the first position is greater than a second distance between the first height and the bottom surface when measured at the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,114,041

GROUND LOOP REDUCTION APPARATUS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A voltage probe holster comprising:a support member disposed on a base and defining a plurality of apertures sized to receive a plurality of single-ended probes having coaxial leads, each of the apertures having a conductive periphery configured to conduct electricity from one of the coaxial leads such that a common ground loop through the support member and the base is formed and that differences in ground potential are reduced.

US Pat. No. 10,114,040

HIGH/LOW TEMPERATURE CONTACTLESS RADIO FREQUENCY PROBES

The United States of Amer...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a microstrip or slot line associated with a device under test;
an inverted microstrip broadside coupled to the microstrip or slot line, and configured to exchange radio frequency signals within the apparatus; and
an air gap separating the microstrip or slot line and the inverted microstrip so that there are no structural connections between the microstrip or slot line and the inverted microstrip, wherein the inverted microstrip is independently movable with respect to the microstrip or slot line, wherein the inverted microstrip is coupled to a second substrate, wherein the second substrate comprises a flexible joint configured to allow a portion of the second substrate and a portion of the inverted microstrip to remain uniform or flare, wherein the flexible joint is configured to increase or decrease the air gap, increasing or decreasing the coupling between the microstrip or slot line and the inverted microstrip.

US Pat. No. 10,114,038

FORCE BIASED SPRING PROBE PIN ASSEMBLY

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A force-biased spring probe pin assembly comprising:a cylindrical barrel member having a barrel wall defining an elongate internal cavity with a lower end and an upper end;
a first plunger member reciprocally mounted In the internal cavity proximate to the lower end of the internal cavity;
a spring member positioned in the internal cavity between the first plunger member and the upper end of the internal cavity;
a first cavity formed within the first plunger member; and
a movable bearing in the first cavity wherein the movable bearing applies a slight transverse force to the first plunger member ensuring good electrical contact between the first plunger member and the barrel member.

US Pat. No. 10,114,036

PORTABLE HUNTING DEVICE FOR GENERATING SCENTED VAPOR

Arcus Hunting, LLC, Covi...

1. A portable device for attracting animals and/or disguising human scent during hunting, said device comprising:a power source;
a reservoir containing a vaporizable agent, wherein the vaporizable agent contains a scent for attracting animals and/or disguising human scent;
a piezoelectric vaporizing element arranged in association with the vaporizable agent and capable of vaporizing at least a portion of the vaporizable agent using ultrasonic vibrations; and
a switch for selectively connecting the power source to the piezoelectric vaporizing element, thereby energizing the piezoelectric vaporizing element and generating a vapor stream carrying the scent for attracting animals and/or disguising human scent.

US Pat. No. 10,114,035

REMOTE WIND TURBULENCE SENSING

NEC Corporation, (JP)

1. A transmitter using optical orbital angular momentum (OAM)-based spectroscopy for detection of atmospheric conditions, comprising:at least one OAM generator configured to apply at least one OAM state on a light beam to generate an optical OAM spectrum including a plurality of OAM states;
a transmitting device configured to send one or more generated OAM light beams into an atmosphere; and
one or more measurement devices configured to:
determine degradation of the generated OAM light beams when passing through atmospheric turbulence; and
determine a rotation rate of aerosols in the atmosphere by analyzing different frequency shifts in the plurality of OAM states.

US Pat. No. 10,114,033

METHODS, DEVICES, AND SYSTEMS FOR MIXING FLUIDS

Theranos IP Company, LLC,...

7. A system for mixing small volumes of fluid comprising:i) a fluid handling apparatus comprising a controller, a base in communication with the controller; at least one head operably connected with said base; at least one nozzle operably connected with said at least one head and having a pathway for fluid flow between said nozzle and said head; wherein said at least one head comprises mechanical and structural components operable with each nozzle, and wherein said at least one nozzle is configured to engage a pipette tip, effective that a pipette tip may be held by a nozzle; a pipette tip having an interior passage therethrough and comprising a proximal end configured to engage with a nozzle effective that said pipette tip may be held by the nozzle, and a distal end having a lip defining an orifice, wherein said orifice is continuous with and connected to said interior passage, wherein when a pipette tip is held by a nozzle, i) a continuous pathway for fluid flow is provided between the orifice of said pipette tip, the pipette tip interior passage, the nozzle holding the pipette tip, and the head associated with the nozzle; and ii) the pipette tip may be sealed to the nozzle effective that positive-pressure or suction within the pipette tip is effective to cause fluid flow into or out of the orifice of the pipette tip without dislodging the pipette tip from the nozzle; and a source of positive-pressure or suction in fluid contact with one or more of the pipette tip, the nozzle, the head, and the base, effective that said source may apply positive-pressure or suction within the pipette tip effective to cause fluid flow into or out of the orifice of the pipette tip, and
ii) a mixing vessel comprising an interior portion defined by an interior surface having an interior wall and a bottom, said interior portion having an engagement region, wherein said engagement region comprises a concave or convex feature configured to engage said lip of the pipette tip, effective that when the lip of the pipette tip is pressed against said concave or convex feature, the orifice is occluded effective to prevent fluid flow through the orifice;
wherein the controller is configured to mix fluid within the mixing vessel following occlusion of the orifice of the pipette tip against the inner surface of the mixing vessel, by instructing the head to apply pressure to fluid in the pipette tip during said occlusion, and then removing said pipette tip from contact with said inner surface of the mixing vessel, effective to remove said occlusion of said orifice effective that fluid flows through said orifice, whereby fluid is mixed within the mixing vessel.

US Pat. No. 10,114,032

BLOOD COAGULATION TEST METHOD

NIPPON TELEGRAPH AND TELE...

1. A blood coagulation test method comprising:a first step of introducing a specimen containing blood plasma and a coagulation activating agent into a flow channel, with the coagulation activating agent being positioned ahead, in a state in which portions arrayed in series in an extending direction of the flow channel flow in contact with each other;
a second step of measuring refractive indices of the coagulation activating agent and refractive indices of a contact region between the coagulation activating agent and the specimen at a predetermined measurement position provided midway in the flow channel in a time-series manner in the process in which the coagulation activating agent, the contact region, and the specimen pass through the predetermined measurement position in the order named;
a third step of identifying, from the refractive indices measured in a time-series manner at the predetermined measurement position in the second step, a first refractive index value which is the measured refractive index of the coagulation activating agent and a second refractive index value which is the minimum refractive index value out of the measured refractive indices of the contact region; and
a fourth step of measuring blood coagulation ability of the specimen by comparing the first refractive index value with the second refractive index value.

US Pat. No. 10,114,031

SINGLE CHANNEL CARTRIDGE DEVICE FOR COAGULATION ASSAYS IN FLUID SAMPLES

Abbott Point of Care Inc....

1. A sample analysis cartridge comprising:an inlet chamber configured to receive a biological sample;
a conduit fluidically connected to the inlet chamber and configured to receive the biological sample from the inlet chamber, the conduit comprising:
a sensor chip including a first micro-environment sensor and a second micro-environment sensor,
a first reagent comprising a first enzyme substrate, the first reagent formed on and/or adjacent to the first micro-environment sensor,
a second reagent comprising a second enzyme substrate, the second reagent formed on and/or adjacent to the second micro-environment sensor, and
a fluidic lock valve; and
a pump configured to push the biological sample over the first micro-environment sensor and the second micro-environment sensor to the fluidic lock valve such that the biological sample is positioned over the first micro-environment sensor and the second micro-environment sensor,
wherein each of the first micro-environment sensor and the second micro-environment sensor includes at least one transducer coated with a polymer layer, the first reagent is integrated within, coated over and/or positioned adjacent to the polymer layer of the first micro-environment sensor, and the second reagent is integrated within, coated over and/or positioned adjacent to the polymer layer of the second micro-environment sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,114,030

DETECTION AGENT FOR DETECTING 25-HYDROXY VITAMIN D, PREPARATION METHOD AND USE

SHENZHEN NEW INDUSTRIES B...

1. A detection agent for detecting 25-hydroxyvitamin D, the detection agent comprising a magnetic sphere coated with a conjugate, wherein the conjugate comprises a 25-hydroxyvitamin D antigen derivative and a protein carrier, and wherein the 25-hydroxyvitamin D antigen derivative has the following formula:
wherein m is 0, 1, 2, or 3, and n is 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6.

US Pat. No. 10,114,026

CLEAVABLE PROBES FOR ISOTOPE TARGETED GLYCOPROTEOMICS AND METHODS OF USING THE SAME

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A method for identifying a site of glycosylation on a protein, the method comprising:contacting a cellular sample including a metabolically tagged glycosylated protein comprising an azide-tagged sugar with a cleavable probe under conditions sufficient to produce a probe-protein conjugate, wherein the cleavable probe is described by Formula (I):
A-L-(M-Z)   (I)
wherein:
A is an affinity tag
L is a cleavable linker;
M is an isotopic label of the formula —(CH2)p—CH(Br)?CH(Br)—(CH2)q— wherein p and q are each independently 0-6; and
Z is an alkyne tag that cross-links the azide-tagged sugar of the metabolically tagged glycosylated protein via copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne [3+2] cycloaddition to produce the probe-protein conjugate;
separating the probe-protein conjugate from the sample;
digesting the probe-protein conjugate to produce a probe-peptide conjugate;
cleaving the cleavable linker to release an isotopically labelled glycopeptide
identifying the isotopically labelled glycopeptide via a predetermined isotopic pattern in a mass spectrum by full scan mass spectrometry prior to tandem MS analysis;
determining an amino acid sequence of the isotopically labelled glycopeptide by tandem MS analysis targeted to the identified isotopically labelled glycopeptide; and
identifying a site of glycosylation on a protein based on the determined amino acid sequence of the isotopically labelled glycopeptide.

US Pat. No. 10,114,024

BIOMOLECULE-GRAPHENE QUANTUM DOT CONJUGATES AND USE THEREOF

Nanyang Technological Uni...

1. A method to form an insulin-GQD conjugate, wherein a single biomolecule of insulin is coupled to a single graphene quantum dot (GQD), the method comprising:contacting a solution containing GQD with 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC), wherein the GQD comprises one or more carboxyl groups on an edge of the GQD; and wherein 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride reacts with the one or more carboxyl groups to form an O-acylisourea intermediate compound;
contacting the O-acylisourea intermediate compound with N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS), to provide an NHS ester-modified GQD; and
contacting the NHS ester-modified GQD with biomolecules of insulin to form the insulin-GQD conjugate, wherein the insulin-GQD conjugate is suitable for imaging an interior of a living cell.

US Pat. No. 10,114,020

SYSTEM AND DEVICE FOR ANALYZING A FLUIDIC SAMPLE

MBio Diagnostics, Inc., ...

1. A device for analyzing an analyte in a liquid sample, said device comprising,a first substrate,
a second substrate,
a fluidic channel,
an inlet port through the second substrate, and
an outlet port through the second substrate,
wherein said first substrate and said second substrate each has an inner surface and an outer surface, the inner surface of the first substrate forming, at least in part, a lower wall of said fluidic channel, the inner surface of said second substrate forming, at least in part, an upper wall of said fluidic channel, said fluidic channel being connected to said inlet port and said outlet port,
wherein said fluidic channel comprises a reagent region and a detection region, at least a portion of the reagent region having a coating with one or more dried reagents,
wherein the outlet port forms a capillary valve having burst pressure exceeded when the device is oriented at a tilt relative to a level orientation, to break the capillary valve and drive flow of said liquid sample from the inlet port to the outlet port, and
wherein said device further comprises a wicking pad configured to absorb excess liquid sample emerging from the outlet port, the wicking pad being characterized by an absorbance rate and being located on the outer surface of said second substrate at a distance from said outlet port, the absorbance rate and the distance cooperating to prevent draining the fluidic channel into the wicking pad, the outlet port and the outer surface of said second substrate between the outlet port and the wicking pad being characterized by surface tension forces that cooperate with the distance to break fluidic connection between the wicking pad and the outlet port when rate at which the liquid sample emerges from the outlet port is less than the absorbance rate, thereby preventing further fluidic flow from the outlet port to the wicking pad.

US Pat. No. 10,114,016

PARTICLES AND MANUFACTURING METHODS THEREOF

Yeu-Kuang Hwu, Taipei (T...

1. A method for preparing particles, comprising:providing a precursor solution containing a precursor dissolved in a solution comprising water, ethanol, or a combination thereof, wherein the precursor comprises silver nitrate, chloroauric acid, ferrous chloride, nickel sulfate, copper sulfate, or zinc chloride;
adding a polyethylene glycol, a poly(etherimide), or a poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) to the precursor solution, wherein no free radical scavenger is present in the precursor solution; and
irradiating the precursor solution with an ionizing radiation beam having a dose rate of above 7.4 J/cm2sec to convert the precursor to the particles, wherein the ionizing radiation beam is an x-ray.

US Pat. No. 10,114,015

ASSAY METHODS

MESO SCALE TECHNOLOGIES, ...

1. A kit for the measurement of an analyte of interest in a sample, the kit comprising:a. a surface comprising at least one binding domain to which are bound a binding reagent for the analyte and an anchoring reagent comprising an anchoring sequence complementary to a first region of an amplicon sequence; and
b. in one or more containers, compartments, or vessels:
i. two detection reagents for the analyte, wherein the two detection reagents comprise a first proximity probe sequence and a second proximity probe sequence, respectively;
ii. one or more connector oligonucleotides that comprise a first connector probe sequence complementary to a first region of the first proximity probe sequence and a first region of the second proximity probe sequence, and a second connector probe sequence complementary to a second non-overlapping region of the first proximity probe sequence and a second non-overlapping region of the second proximity probe sequence, wherein hybridization of the one or more connector oligonucleotides to the first and second proximity probe sequences via the complementary sequences allows ligation of the one or more connector oligonucleotides to form a circular oligonucleotide that serves as a template for producing an amplicon comprising a first region complementary to the anchoring sequence; and
iii. one or more detection probes comprising a sequence complementary to a second region of the amplicon sequence, wherein each of the one or more detection probes comprise a detectable label.

US Pat. No. 10,114,014

MACROMOLECULAR CONJUGATES FOR ISOLATION, IMMOBILIZATION AND VISUALIZATION OF PROTEINS

USTAV ORGANICKE CHEMIE A ...

1. Synthetic macromolecular conjugate for selective interaction with proteins, characterized in that it comprises a synthetic copolymer, and at least one binding group and at least one further group selected from an affinity tag and an imaging probe, said at least one binding group and at least one further group being bound via covalent bond to said synthetic copolymer,wherein
the synthetic copolymer is a copolymer obtainable by copolymerization of at least one monomer of Formula 1:

wherein:
R1 is selected from H, CH3; and
R2 is selected from NH2, NH—CH2—CH(OH)—CH3, NH—CH3, NH—CH2CH3, NH—CH2CH2—OH, NH—CH2CH2CH2—OH, NHC(CH2OH)3, NH—CH2CH2—N+(CH3)3Cl?, O—CH2CH2—OH, O—(CH2CH2O)2—H O—(CH2CH2O)3—H, O—CH2CH2—N+(CH3)3Cl?, NH—(CH2)3N+(CH3)2—(CH2)2—COO?;
and at least one monomer of Formula 2:

wherein:
R1 is selected from H, CH3; and
X is selected from NH—(CH2)2—CO, NH—(CH2)3—CO, NH—(CH2)4—CO, NH—(CH2)5—CO, Gly, GlyGly, GlyPheLeuGly; andR3 is selected from:
whereas in the copolymer at least one reactive group R3 is replaced by the binding group, at least one reactive group R3 is replaced by the affinity tag and/or at least one reactive group R3 is replaced by the imaging probe, and
wherein the binding group is selected from nitrilotriacetic acid and tris(nitriloacetic) acid.

US Pat. No. 10,114,008

METHODS AND DEVICES FOR HIGH THROUGHPUT SCREENING OF CONDITIONS AFFECTING STEM CELL DIFFERENTIATION

EMPIRE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOP...

1. A method for identifying a pluripotency profile of stem cells comprising:culturing one or more stem cells in a cell culturing system, wherein the cell culturing system comprises a cell culturing plate comprising a layer of cell culturing substrate, a cell culture site comprising the one or more stem cells, and one or more morphogen sites comprising one or more morphogens, wherein the one or more morphogen sites are each positioned peripheral to the cell culture site, and wherein each of the one or more morphogen sites are separated by physical barriers in the cell culturing plate;
incubating the cell culturing system under conditions suitable to allow the one or more stem cells to differentiate into one or more differentiated cells and migrate on the cell culturing plate in response to the one or more morphogens; and
determining the migration pattern of the one or more differentiated cells on the cell culturing plate, wherein the migration pattern of the one or more differentiated cells is indicative of the pluripotency profile of the population of stem cells.

US Pat. No. 10,114,007

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ANALYZING BREATH GAS MIXTURE FOR HALITOSIS DETECTION

SUNSTAR SUISSE SA, (CH)

1. An apparatus for separating specific compounds in a gas mixture, the apparatus comprising: a line for delivering a pressure-controlled neutral carrier gas, said line including a bypass for the pressure-controlled neutral gas; a sample chamber of specific volume for collecting a gas mixture to be examined, the sample chamber being removably connectable in the bypass of to the line in a bypass configuration relative to the line for pressurizing the gas sample before injection of the sample into the line; means configured to inject the pressurized gas sample from the bypass into said line during a pre-set injection time when the sample chamber is connected to in the bypass of said line and has been pressurized by said pressure-controlled carrier gas; a temperature-controlled separation capillary column arranged to receive the gas sample injected into said line; a gas sensor at the outlet of the capillary column; and a data processing system configured to automatically control the measurement sequence including the sample injection, the injection time and the measurement time.

US Pat. No. 10,114,005

PLANAR PATCH CLAMP DEVICE, ELECTRODES FOR SAID DEVICE AND CELL ION CHANNEL CURRENT MEASUREMENT METHOD

JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOL...

1. A planar patch clamp device comprising:(1) an electrically insulative substrate provided with one or more fine through holes, each having an inner diameter through which a cell cannot pass but a liquid can pass, the fine through holes communicating between surfaces on both sides of the electrically insulative substrate, wherein one side defines a first surface side, and the opposite side defines a second surface side;
(2) a liquid reservoir and an electrode unit disposed on each of the first surface side and the second surface side of the through hole, the liquid reservoir holding a conductive liquid;
(3) the liquid reservoir on the first surface side serving as a liquid reservoir for cell placement; and
(4) the following constituents (a) to (c) included in the electrode units on the first surface side and the second surface side:
(a) a closed or sealed electrode vessel enclosed with a vessel wall, at least part of which is made of an inorganic porous material,
(b) an electrode accommodated in the closed or sealed electrode vessel, noble metal chloride NmCl layer being formed on the surface of the noble metal Nm, and
(c) an electrode solution filled in the closed or sealed electrode vessel, the noble metal chloride NmCl and an alkali metal chloride being dissolved therein at a saturated concentration,
wherein the inorganic porous material of the vessel wall separates the conductive liquid held in the liquid reservoir from the electrode solution filled in the closed or sealed electrode vessel, and enables an electrical communication, but minimizes a fluid communication between the electrode solution and the conductive liquid.

US Pat. No. 10,114,003

STEM CELL DIFFERENTIATION DETERMINATION DEVICE, METHOD, AND PROGRAM

FUJIFILM Corporation, Mi...

1. A stem cell differentiation determination device comprising:an observation image acquisition unit that captures an image of an observation region including a stem cell in time series to acquire at least two observation images;
a feature amount acquisition unit that acquires at least two distinct feature amounts of the stem cell within a plurality of regions within the observation region for each observation image;
a determination unit that determines whether or not the stem cell has been differentiated within each of the plurality of regions, on the basis of the at least two distinct feature amounts;
a change information acquisition unit that acquires information about a change in the distinct feature amounts within each of the plurality of regions between the observation images captured in time series or information about a change in a determination result from undifferentiation to differentiation within each of the plurality of regions between the observation images;
an output unit that outputs the information about a change in the distinct feature amounts within each of the plurality of regions or the information about a change in the determination result within each of the plurality of regions; and
a reliability acquisition unit that acquires a degree of reliability for the determination results for each of the plurality of regions, based on a result of comparing the at least two distinct feature amounts within each of the plurality of regions between each other.

US Pat. No. 10,114,002

HYDRAULICALLY COUPLED DUAL FLOATING PISTON APPARATUS AND METHODS OF USING SAME FOR SAMPLING HIGH PRESSURE FLUIDS

Total Analytical Consulti...

1. An apparatus for sampling dirty hydrocarbons from a high pressure pipe, the apparatus comprising:a first cylinder having an upper and a lower portion separated by a first piston moveably disposed inside the first cylinder;
an inlet valve for fluidly connecting the upper portion of the first cylinder with the high pressure pipe;
an outlet valve fluidly connecting the upper portion of the first cylinder with an analyzing device;
a second cylinder having an upper and lower portion that are separated by a second piston moveably disposed inside the second cylinder;
a conduit fluidly connecting the lower portion of the first cylinder to the upper portion of the second cylinder; and
a flow restrictor functionally connected to the conduit and configured for regulating fluid flow rate through the conduit.

US Pat. No. 10,114,001

QUANTITATION OF AMINES IN HYDROCARBONS

Phillips 66 Company, Hou...

1. A process for quantitation of amines in a petroleum oil, comprising:(a) warming a petroleum oil sample to a temperature of 20° C. to 150° C.;
(b) adding water and a solvent to the petroleum oil sample to create an extraction mixture;
(c) heating the extraction mixture to a temperature ranging from 50° C. to 160° C., and maintaining at a constant the temperature for a period of time ranging from 5 minutes to 5 hours to produce an extracted amine mixture comprising an oil phase and an aqueous phase;
(d) analyzing at least a portion of the aqueous phase by ion chromatography for quantitation of amines.

US Pat. No. 10,114,000

APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR MONITORING FLOW IN A PASSAGE

1. An assembly for sensing flow material in a passage of a member, comprising:a housing;
a communication device disposed at least partially in the housing;
a controller disposed at least partially in the housing;
a sensor array disposed at least partially in the housing; and
an external-surface-mounting attachment portion configured to non-intrusively attach the assembly to a surface;
wherein the sensor array includes a pressure sensor, a density sensor, a corrosion sensor, and a vibration sensor;
wherein the controller controls the communication device to transmit sensed data collected by the sensor array at a frequency of between about one transmission per second and about fifty transmissions per second; and
wherein the sensed data includes at least one of a density data sensed by the density sensor and a corrosion data sensed by the corrosion sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,113,998

BELL CAP AEROSOL ADAPTOR

HAMILTON SUNDSTRAND CORPO...

1. A method of testing aerosolized sample particles comprising:introducing aerosolized sample particles into an air flow to create sample air upstream from an air quality sampling device;
introducing the sample air to a sample inlet of a bell cap inlet adaptor coupled to a sample tube;
merging a first portion of the introduced sample air with axially cyclonic flowing air with low turbulence in the bell cap inlet adaptor;
introducing a second portion of the sample air into the sample inlet; and
testing at least one of a quality of the sample air and/or a functionality of the bell cap inlet adapter with the air quality sampling device,
wherein the sample inlet comprises a width that is substantially equal to a shortest distance from an outer surface of the sample tube to an internal surface of the bell cap inlet adaptor,
the sample tube is offset so as to not be concentric with the bell cap inlet adaptor, and
a distance from the outer surface of the sample tube to an internal surface of the bell cap inlet adaptor at a location opposite the sample tube from a location of the shortest distance from the outer surface of the sample tube to the internal surface of the bell cap inlet adaptor, within a same horizontal plane, is no larger than twice the width of the sample inlet.

US Pat. No. 10,113,997

METHODS FOR GAS LEAK DETECTION AND LOCALIZATION IN POPULATED AREAS USING TWO OR MORE TRACER MEASUREMENTS

Picarro, Inc., Santa Cla...

1. A method of gas leak detection and localization, the method comprising:performing one or more primary gas concentration measurements of a target gas species from a moving platform that proceeds along at least one platform track disposed near one or more potential gas leak locations;
performing two or more secondary tracer measurements of the target gas species from the moving platform as it proceeds along the at least one platform track;
automatically determining whether or not a gas leak is present at the potential gas leak locations based on the primary gas concentration measurements and the two or more secondary tracer measurements, wherein the secondary tracer measurements provide source identification for detected leaks of the target gas species into three or more distinct categories; and
providing a leak indication at the potential gas leak locations to an end user.

US Pat. No. 10,113,996

CHROMATOGRAPHY LAB SYSTEM FOR ANALYZING SAMPLES INCLUDING A COOLING COMPARTMENT WITH AN IDENTIFYING DEVICE THAT IDENTIFIES A FRACTION COLLECTOR DEVICE

GE Healthcare Bio-Science...

1. A chromatography laboratory system comprising: at least two holder positions configured to hold both fraction collector devices for collecting chromatographically separated fractions and sample containers for providing samples for input into the chromatography laboratory system, and an identifying device arranged at a front wall of the cooling compartment and comprising a reader configured to read identifying information assigned to the fraction collector devices, to determine that fractions can be supplied to the fraction collection devices, such that said fractions are collected only in the fraction collector devices and not in the sample containers.

US Pat. No. 10,113,995

MULTI-POSITION, MICRO-FLUIDIC VALVE ASSEMBLY WITH MULTIPLE RADIAL GROOVES TO ENABLE INDIVIDUAL OR COMBINED FLOWS

1. A rotary shear valve assembly comprising:a rotor device having a substantially planar rotor face, and
a stator device having a substantially planar stator face, and defining a first passage extending therethrough that terminates at a central port on said stator face, and at a common central rotational axis of both said rotor face and said stator face, said stator device further defining a second passage extending therethrough that terminates at a second port on said stator face, and radially spaced a radius R1 from said central port, and said stator device further defining a third passage extending therethrough that terminates at a third port on said stator face, radially spaced a radius R2 from said central port and in general linear alignment with said central port and said second port, wherein radius R2 is greater than radius R1;
said rotor device further having a first rotor groove defined in said rotor face and extending radially outward from said common central rotational axis to a position generally at said radius R2 from said central port, said rotor device being rotatably mounted to said stator device for rotation thereof about said rotational axis in a manner enabling fluid-tight, selective relative rotation between the rotor face and the stator face, at a rotor-stator interface, between two or more discrete rotor positions,
wherein when said rotor device is in a discrete first rotor position, said first rotor groove is oriented in radial alignment with, and fluidly connects, said central port and said second port with said third port.

US Pat. No. 10,113,994

NON-INVASIVE METHOD FOR MEASUREMENT OF PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF FREE FLOWING MATERIALS IN VESSELS

ULTIMO MEASUREMENT LLC, ...

1. A method for measuring physical properties of non-gaseous free flowing material in a vessel, the method comprising:receiving data characterizing the vessel and at least one sample of the material in the vessel;
initiating a vibration on a wall of the vessel by one of an external source or an internal source in mechanical communication with the vessel;
capturing a response to the vibration;
generating a vibration response spectrum based on the response;
determining a search zone within the vibration response spectrum based on a configuration of the vessel, a type of attachment between the vessel and another object, and the at least one sample of the material in the vessel;
determining at least one pre-established relationship between at least one physical property of the material and one or more characteristics of the vibration response spectrum of the search zone;
measuring an ambient temperature within a predefined proximity of the vessel;
determining a difference between the measured ambient temperature and a set process temperature;
computing a correction to the at least one pre-established relationship based on the difference; and
calculating at least one value of at least one physical property of the material based on the at least one corrected pre-established relationship.

US Pat. No. 10,113,993

PHASED ARRAY SYSTEM FOR INSPECTION OF LASER WELDS

Edison Welding Institute,...

1. A system for non-destructively inspecting laser welds, comprising:(a) at least one phased array probe, wherein the at least one phased array probe includes:
(i) one hundred transducer elements arranged in a two-dimensional array at one end of the probe,
a) wherein the transducer elements are operative to both generate ultrasonic signals and to receive reflections thereof,
b) wherein the transducer elements are further arranged into discrete subgroups of 3×3 or 5×2 transducer elements, and
c) wherein each subgroup may be activated independently of the other subgroups and at different time intervals;
(ii) a combination of materials for allowing the probe to conform to a contoured surface of a laser weld while enabling sound energy to be transferred directly into the laser weld under test conditions, wherein the combination of materials further includes a flexible membrane mounted on the end of the probe and a fluid filled chamber or solid sound delay material disposed between the membrane and the array of ultrasonic transducer elements;
(b) a data processor in communication with the at least one phased array probe, wherein the data processor includes software that includes at least one imaging algorithm for processing data received from the probe and generating color coded ultrasonic C-scan images of a inspected laser weld.

US Pat. No. 10,113,992

GAS CONCENTRATION MEASURING APPARATUS

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A gas concentration measuring apparatus which comprises a gas sensor exposed to gas and a calculating portion which uses an output from the gas sensor to calculate a concentration of a given gas component contained in the gas,characterized in that the gas sensor includes a gas chamber into which the gas is introduced, a reference gas chamber into which a reference gas is introduced, a solid electrolyte body which is disposed between the gas chamber and the reference gas chamber and has oxygen ion conductivity, and a plurality of electrodes disposed on both surfaces of the solid electrolyte body,
in that the solid electrolyte body and the electrodes constitute a pump cell which works to regulate an oxygen concentration of the gas in the gas chamber, a monitor cell through which an amount of current corresponding to the oxygen concentration of the gas flows, and a sensor cell through which a current that is the sum of an amount of current corresponding to the oxygen concentration and an amount of current corresponding to a concentration of the given gas component in the gas flows,
in that the calculating portion works to correct a value of a monitor cell current Im that is the current flowing through the monitor cell to bring it close to a value of an oxygen dependent current Iso which arises from an oxygen concentration and is a component of a sensor cell current Is that is the current flowing through the sensor cell and also subtract a corrected value Im? thereof from the sensor cell current Is to determine a given gas dependent current Ix that is a component of the sensor cell current Is which arises from the concentration of the given gas component to calculate the concentration of the given gas component in the gas,
in that the calculating portion works to decrease voltage applied to the pump cell when the gas contains the given gas component to be lower than that when measuring the concentration of the given gas component and then measure, in such a condition, the sensor cell current Is and the monitor cell current Im to calculate, using an equation below, an approximate value a? of a sensitivity rate a that is a value derived by dividing the oxygen dependent current Iso by the monitor cell current Im
Is/Im=a?  (1)
and in that when measuring the concentration of the given gas component in the gas, the calculating portion measures the sensor cell current Is and the monitor cell current Im and calculates an approximate value Ix? of the given gas dependent current Ix using an equation below to approximately determine the concentration of the given gas component,
Is?a?Im=Ix?  (2).

US Pat. No. 10,113,991

METAL OXIDE PH SENSOR

COMMONWEALTH SCIENTIFIC A...

1. A pH sensor comprising a metal oxide-polymer composite, comprising:a continuous polymer resin matrix; and
a solid particulate component dispersed in the polymer resin matrix comprising (i) particulate metal oxides and (ii) a particulate carbon-based conductor,
wherein the particulate metal oxides comprise Ta2O5 and RuO2 in a weight ratio based on Ta:Ru in the range of from 90:10 to 10:90.

US Pat. No. 10,113,990

MICROBIAL SENSOR SYSTEM FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF SUBSURFACE ENVIRONMENTS

9. A microbial monitoring system comprising:a cathode assembly comprising a cathode and a permeable membrane;
a conduit coupled to the cathode assembly, the conduit configured to provide access to a second environment when the cathode assembly is submerged in a first environment;
an anode; and
a device interposed between the anode and the cathode, the device capable of measuring one or more of an open circuit voltage and a recovery voltage between the anode and the cathode to characterize the first environment.

US Pat. No. 10,113,989

SULPHITE SENSOR AND METHOD FOR MEASURING SULPHITE CONCENTRATION IN A SUBSTANCE

General Electric Technolo...

1. A method for measuring a concentration of sulphite in an absorption liquid of a wet scrubber used in a gas cleaning process, the method comprising steps of:sending a plurality of voltage pulses through the absorption liquid of the wet scrubber using a first electrode and a second electrode that are in contact with the absorption liquid of the wet scrubber, wherein sending a plurality of voltage pulses comprises sending the plurality of voltage pulses in a stepwise series having a stepwise increase or a stepwise decrease of voltage level between consecutive pulses;
receiving current responses generated by the plurality of voltage pulses sent in the stepwise series;
analyzing the current responses by analyzing at least two separate values of each current response generated by the plurality of voltage pulses sent in the stepwise series; and
calculating the concentration of sulphite in the absorption liquid of the wet scrubber based on the at least two separate values of each current response generated by the plurality of voltage pulses sent in the stepwise series.

US Pat. No. 10,113,988

GAS SENSOR

NGK INSULATORS, LTD., Na...

1. A gas sensor comprising:a sensor element including a plurality of layers that are bonded and formed of an oxygen-ion conductive solid electrolyte, said gas sensor configured to reduce a predetermined gas component of a measurement gas to identify a concentration of said gas component on the basis of a current flowing through said solid electrolyte;
at least one internal space;
a measuring electrode in one of said at least one internal space and being configured to reduce said gas component of said measurement gas;
a first layer that is one of said plurality of layers and forms a bottom surface of said internal space;
a second layer that is another of said plurality of layers and forms a side surface of said internal space; and
an interlaminar bonding layer bonding said first layer and said second layer,
an exposed surface of said interlaminar bonding layer, that is exposed to said internal space, projecting from said side surface into said internal space such that said exposed surface has a straight-line edge parallel to said side surface in a lamination direction of the plurality of layers.

US Pat. No. 10,113,987

WASHABLE ANALYTE METERS, SEALED CONNECTORS, AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING AND USING SAME

ASCENSIA DIABETES CARE HO...

1. An analyte meter, comprising:a meter housing having a first part and a second part interfacing each other to form an internal chamber;
an analyte sensor electrical connector having a sensor port configured to receive an analyte sensor through a port entryway of the sensor port; and
at least one wash port coupled to the sensor port and separate from the port entryway, the at least one wash port configured to receive a cleaning fluid;
wherein the analyte sensor electrical connector includes at least two electrodes at a first wall of the analyte sensor electrical connector, and the at least one wash port is disposed in a second wall opposite the at least two electrodes to facilitate application of the cleaning fluid onto the at least two electrodes and out through the port entryway.

US Pat. No. 10,113,986

ELECTROCHEMICAL TEST STRIP, STRIP BOARD AND METHOD FOR GENERATING THE SAME

APEX BIOTECHNOLOGY CORP.,...

1. An electrochemical test strip, comprising:a sampling end disposed on a wide side of the electrochemical test strip to receive a sample;
a connection end disposed on another wide side of the electrochemical test strip to connect with a measuring meter; and
at least one first protrusion disposed on a first long side of the electrochemical test strip,
wherein the first long side is longer than each of the wide side and the another wide side,
wherein the at least one first protrusion has a largest protrusion width d2 parallel to the first long side, a length d1 is equal to a length of the first long side minus a length of the connection end, and a ratio of the length d1 to the largest protrusion width d2 is between 100:1 and 25:1,
wherein the first long side has at least two recesses and the at least one first protrusion is disposed between the at least two recesses.

US Pat. No. 10,113,985

ACTIVE MATRIX DEVICE AND METHOD OF DRIVING

Sharp Life Science (EU) L...

1. An active matrix electro-wetting on dielectric (AM-EWOD) device comprising:a plurality of array elements arranged in an array of rows and columns, each of the array elements including array element circuitry, an element electrode, and a reference electrode;
wherein the array element circuitry comprises an actuation circuit that applies actuation voltages to the element and reference electrodes for actuating the array element, and an impedance sensor circuit that senses impedance at the array element electrode to determine a droplet property at the array element; and
wherein the actuation circuitry comprises a memory part including a memory capacitor for storing voltage data corresponding to either an actuated state or an unactuated state of the array element, and an input signal applied to the memory capacitor effects an operation of the impedance sensor circuit;
the actuation circuit comprising a first transistor, the memory capacitor, and a second transistor; wherein:
a drain of the first transistor is connected to an input DATA line, a gate of the first transistor is connected to an input ENABLE line, and a source of the first transistor is connected to a gate of the second transistor;
the memory capacitor is connected between the gate of the second transistor and a row select line; and
a drain of the second transistor is connected to an input actuation signal, and a source of the second transistor is connected to the impedance sensor circuit and the element electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,113,984

INTEGRATED EPR NMR WITH FREQUENCY AGILE GYROTRON

Washington University, S...

1. A frequency agile gyrotron system for DNP (dynamic nuclear polarization) NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) comprising:an NMR spectrometer;
a signal processor operatively connected to the NMR spectrometer, wherein the signal processor receives one or more voltages from the NMR spectrometer and produces a control signal; and
a frequency agile gyrotron operatively coupled to the NMR spectrometer and to the signal processor, the frequency agile gyrotron configured to emit a broad-banded microwave output comprising a gyrotron bandwidth;
wherein:
the NMR spectrometer controls a frequency of the broad-banded microwave output via the control signal,
the frequency agile gyrotron responds to the control signal on a timescale of microseconds, and
the gyrotron bandwidth is wider than an EPR (polarization of electron spins) linewidth and a NMR frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,113,983

EXPLOSIVES VAPOR DETECTOR

THERMO FISHER SCIENTIFIC ...

1. Apparatus for selectively detecting, essentially in real time, vapors from explosives present in an air sample at low concentrations comprising:preconcentration means for collecting explosives vapors from said air sample, said preconcentration means including an open-ended cartridge containing (a) an electrically-conductive multi-layer collector having a surface effective to trap explosives vapors from said air sample while avoiding the trapping, in any substantial amount, of nitrogen oxides present in the air sample, said collector further being operable to release the explosives vapors and decomposition products thereof upon being flash-heated, and (b) insulating means for providing insulation between, and for supporting adjacent layers of, said collector, said insulating means being formed of a material which substantially neither traps nor readily releases nitrogen oxides;
means for directing said air sample through said preconcentration means;
means for evacuating said preconcentration means to remove gases therefrom substantially without removing trapped explosives vapors;
means for flash-heating said collector to release explosives vapors therefrom and to thermally fracture and decompose said explosives vapors to selectively liberate nitric oxide gas; and
a nitric oxide detector operable to detect nitric oxide gas liberated in said preconcentration means.

US Pat. No. 10,113,982

NMR LOGGING APPARATUS

VISTA CLARA INC., Mukilt...

1. A Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) logging apparatus, comprising:surface instrumentation comprising a power amplifier configured to generate one or more current and/or voltage waveforms;
a plurality of transmission lines coupled with the power amplifier; and
a plurality of downhole probes configured to fit within one or more earth boreholes, each downhole probe comprising:
one or more static magnetic field generation devices; and
one or more antennae coupled with a transmission line of the plurality of transmission lines; and
at least one impedance matching means configured to match an output impedance of the power amplifier through at least one transmission line to a load impedance of at least one antenna in at least one downhole probe, wherein the at least one impedance matching means comprises a first matching means configured to match the output impedance of the power amplifier to a characteristic impedance of the at least one transmission line, and a second matching means configured to match load impedance of the at least one antenna in the at least one downhole probe to the characteristic impedance of the at least one transmission line.

US Pat. No. 10,113,981

REAL-TIME ANALYSIS AND CONTROL OF ELECTRON BEAM MANUFACTURING PROCESS THROUGH X-RAY COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY

Lockheed Martin Corporati...

1. A process of detecting and correcting a defect during an electron beam manufacturing process on a workpiece, comprising:as an electron beam is directed onto a portion of the workpiece with sufficient energy to generate secondary x-rays, detecting the secondary x-rays generated from the electron beam contacting the portion of the workpiece;
in real-time, using transmission computed tomography to generate from the detected secondary x-rays a three-dimensional cross-sectional image of the workpiece adjacent the portion thereof contacted by the electron beam;
in real-time, analyzing the generated three-dimensional cross-sectional image to detect a defect in the workpiece; and
thereafter using a correction electron beam to re-work the workpiece containing the detected defect without conducting a separate inspection of the workpiece.

US Pat. No. 10,113,980

FURNACE FOR TRANSMISSION MODE X-RAY DIFFRACTOMETER AND TRANSMISSION MODE X-RAY DIFFRACTOMETER USING THEREOF

KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENC...

1. A furnace for a transmission mode X-ray diffractometer, comprising:a sample heating unit disposed adjacent to a quartz capillary accommodating a sample to heat the sample; and
a main body disposed to surround the quartz capillary and the sample heating unit and having an insulating function for allowing the heated sample to maintain a thermal equilibrium state,
wherein the main body includes:
a first through hole into which an X-ray is input; and
a second through hole provided to face the first through hole with the quartz capillary being interposed therebetween, so that the X-ray passing through the sample and diffracted by the sample is emitted from the second through hole,
wherein the second through hole is tapered according to a diffraction angle of the X-ray to have a diameter gradually increasing from an inlet at which the X-ray is input toward an outlet at which the X-ray is diffracted and emitted, so that the second through hole does not interfere with the X-ray passing through the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,113,978

METHOD FOR MEASURING SOLID-LIQUID INTERFACIAL ELECTRIC FIELD

EASTMAN KODAK COMPANY, R...

1. A method for measuring an interfacial electric field intensity, comprising:providing a surface having a reactive carbocyclic aromatic linking group covalently attached thereon;
providing a voltage sensitive chromophore precursor including a p-substituted dialkylamino aryl group that is conjugatively linked to a terminal N-containing heterocyclic aromatic group;
reacting the voltage sensitive chromophore precursor with the reactive carbocyclic aromatic linking group that is covalently attached to the surface to form a monolayer of a voltage sensitive chromophore that is covalently bound to the surface;
irradiating the monolayer of the covalently bound voltage sensitive chromophore with actinic radiation while it is in contact with a liquid and measuring a first fluorescence emission spectrum;
providing a voltage sensitive chromophore solution of the voltage sensitive chromophore dissolved in a sample of the liquid;
irradiating the voltage sensitive chromophore solution with actinic radiation and measuring a second fluorescence emission spectrum; and
comparing the first and second fluorescence emission spectra to determine an interfacial electric field intensity, wherein comparing the first and second fluorescence emission spectra includes performing a mathematical analysis to determine at least one parameter characterizing a difference between the first and second fluorescence emission spectra, and wherein the interfacial electric field intensity is determined responsive to the determined at least one parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,113,977

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR ACQUIRING A TWO-DIMENSIONAL IMAGE OF THE SURFACE OF A THREE-DIMENSIONAL OBJECT

Capsugel Belgium NV, Bor...

1. An apparatus for acquiring a two-dimensional image of an external surface of a three-dimensional object, comprising:a conveyor that displaces the object along a path;
a camera for capturing images of portions of the object surface;
a friction member that engages with the object to cause the object to rotate about an axis of rotation to vary the object surface that is exposed to the camera to provide a plurality of exposed portions of the object surface, wherein the camera is configured to capture images corresponding to the exposed portions of the object surface, and wherein the camera is configured to capture the images as respective single frames;
a source of illumination; and
an electronic control unit adapted, for each single frame, to:
read out a sub-frame from the single frame, the sub-frame corresponding to a respective individual portion of the exposed portion of the object surface, whereby the sub-frames correspond to individual portions of the object surface; and
assemble the sub-frames into an assembled frame corresponding to a two-dimensional image of a surface area of the object,
wherein the object is a cylindrical capsule with a circular cross section along a central axis of the type used in pharmaceutical or healthcare applications, the conveyor includes at least one spacing member that spaces the object apart from a second three-dimensional object being displaced by the conveyor and a driving member adapted to move the spacing member relative to the friction member to displace the object along the path,
wherein the friction member is arranged to contact locally the external surface of the object when the object is displaced along the path by the conveyor, and
wherein the friction member has a first side and a second side, and the camera is positioned on the first side of the friction member and the source of illumination is positioned on the second side.

US Pat. No. 10,113,976

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR NON-CONTACT DETECTION OF THIN MEDIUM

GRG BANKING EQUIPMENT CO....

1. A method for non-contact detection of a thin medium, comprising:step S1, obtaining time instants when target light, which is generated by reflecting light emitted by a light source via the thin medium, reaches a linear array photoelectric detector;
step S2, obtaining time instants when reference light, which is generated by reflecting the light emitted by the light source via a reference plane, reaches the linear array photoelectric detector;
step S3, calculating first optical distances of the target light according to a first formula ?1=ct1;
calculating second optical distances of the reference light according to a second formula ?2=ct2; and
calculating number of changes between the bright and dark fringes in the interference fringes according to a third formula

wherein, ?1 indicates the first optical distances of the target light, t1 indicates a time period from a time instant of turning on the light source to the time instant when the target light reaches the linear array photoelectric detector, ?2 indicates the second optical distances of the target light, t2 indicates a time period from the time instant of turning on the light source to the time instant when the reference light reaches the linear array photoelectric detector, K indicates the number of changes between the bright and dark fringes in the interference fringes, M indicates the total number of rows scanned by a light signal from the light source, N indicates the number of photosensitive units in the linear array photoelectrical detector, and ?0 indicates a wavelength of the light source;
step S4, calculating a difference between the number of changes between the bright and dark fringes in the interference fringes and a standard number of changes between bright fringes and dark fringes in interference fringes by using a predetermined method, and determining that there is a foreign body on a surface of the thin medium in a case that the difference is greater than a predetermined threshold;
step S5, picking out the thin medium which has the foreign body on the surface.

US Pat. No. 10,113,975

APPEARANCE INSPECTION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OBJECT HAVING LINE PATTERN

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. An appearance inspection device for inspecting an appearance of an inspection object, said appearance inspection device comprising:an image storing part which stores
a first image obtained by capturing a reference object corresponding to the inspection object, and
a second image obtained by capturing the inspection object;
a teaching part which
based on an input by an operator, teaches, on the first image, a portion to be inspected of the inspection object as a reference inspection line,
defines a reference inspection region associated with a single reference inspection point on the reference inspection line,
determines an inspection factor inspected within the reference inspection region, and
determines a judgment condition for judging as to whether a result of inspection based on the inspection factor passes or fails;
a teaching factor storing part which stores
a position and a shape of the reference inspection line,
a position of the single reference inspection point,
an inspection point distance,
a position and a size of the reference inspection region,
the inspection factor, and
the judgment condition; and
an inspecting part which
overlaps the reference inspection line on the second image as an actual inspection line,
generates a plurality of discrete inspection points, distinct from the single reference inspection point, on the actual inspection line, by
determining a number of the inspection points to be generated by dividing a total length of the actual inspection line by the inspection point distance stored in the teaching factor storing part, and
arranging the determined number of the inspection points on the actual inspection line at the inspection point distance from each other,
generates a plurality of inspection regions, distinct from the reference inspection region, in relation to the plurality of discrete inspection points, wherein
each inspection point among the plurality of discrete inspection points corresponds to an inspection region among the plurality of inspection regions so that a positional relationship between the corresponding inspection point and inspection region is the same as a positional relationship between the single reference inspection point and the reference inspection region, and
the same positional relationship between the single reference inspection point and the reference inspection region is used to generate the plurality of inspection regions,
inspects each inspection region among the plurality of generated inspection regions based on the inspection factor,
judges as to whether each inspection point among the plurality of discrete inspection points passes or fails based on the judgment condition and a result of inspection of the corresponding inspection region among the plurality of generated inspection regions, and
comprehensively judges as to whether the inspection object passes or fails based on a result of judgment of each inspection point among the plurality of discrete inspection points,
wherein the teaching part defines the reference inspection region associated with said single reference inspection point on the reference inspection line before the inspecting part overlaps the reference inspection line on the second image as the actual inspection line.

US Pat. No. 10,113,974

ARRANGEMENT FOR THE SPECTROMETRIC MEASUREMENT OF PRODUCTS SUCH AS CEREALS, OLEAGINOUS PRODUCTS OR DERIVED PRODUCTS

CHAUVIN ARNOUX, Paris (F...

1. A spectrometric measurement arrangement for analysis of a sample of a product, the spectrometric measurement arrangement comprising:a light source for producing a light beam;
a readout chamber crossed by the light beam for analyzing the sample of the product that is located in the readout chamber;
a tank for containing the product to be analyzed;
a feeding device feeding the product from the tank and into the readout chamber, wherein the feeding device is movable between an obturating position, preventing flow of the product from the tank and into the readout chamber, and an open position allowing flow of the product from the tank and into the readout chamber, for controlling amount of the product flowing into the readout chamber;
a discharge device for discharging the product from the readout chamber;
a selective adjustment mechanism for adjusting position of the light beam in two mutually orthogonal planes, wherein the selective adjustment mechanism comprises
a device bearing the light source,
a plurality of adjustment plates, wherein first and second adjustment plates of the plurality of the adjustment plates pivot around respective first and second mutually orthogonal axes, and
a plurality of adjustment screws actuated from outside the readout chamber for pivoting the first and second adjustment plates around the respective first and second mutually orthogonal axes; and
a selective adjustment device for ensuring that rays of the light beam are parallel to each other along an optical axis.

US Pat. No. 10,113,973

INFRARED INK PRINT TESTING FOR MANUFACTURING

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

1. An assembly for testing an infrared (IR) ink print quality of an IR ink print area on an optical component, the assembly comprising:a light source including an illuminated periphery and a dark interior;
an IR camera having a field of view positioned to image the dark interior without imaging at least a portion of the illuminated periphery; and
a component holder configured to hold the optical component between the IR camera and the light source such that IR light emitted from the portion of the illuminated periphery that illuminates the IR ink print area on the optical component is deflected into the field of view of the IR camera if the IR ink print area has defects but is not deflected into the field of view of the IR camera if the IR ink print area does not have defects.

US Pat. No. 10,113,972

IMAGE CAPTURE DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

Sony Semiconductor Soluti...

1. An image capture device comprising:a narrow-band optical irradiation system including a light source configured to emit light;
an imaging element including an array of pixels divided into a plurality of blocks, the plurality of blocks including a first block adjacent to a second block such that an edge of the first block borders an edge of the second block, wherein the imaging element is sensitive to light of a predetermined range of wavelengths; and
a metal thin-film filter provided in an optical path between the narrow-band optical irradiation system and the imaging element, the metal thin-film filter including a first region corresponding to the first block and a second adjacent region corresponding to the adjacent second block, and a surface of the metal thin-film filter in each of the first region and the adjacent second region including one or more immobilized antigens or antibodies; and
a signal processor configured to detect a change in transmission efficiency of light through the metal thin-film filter.

US Pat. No. 10,113,971

TEST APPARATUS AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

12. A test apparatus configured to test a sample in a reactor, the test apparatus comprising:at least one light emitter configured to emit light to chambers included in the reactor, each of the chambers being configured to include a portion of the sample;
a light receiver comprising light receiving elements configured to receive light passed through the chambers, while moving in a direction from a side of the reactor to another side of the reactor;
a motor configured to move the light receiver in the direction from the side of the reactor to the other side of the reactor; and
a processor configured to:
generate a map comprising coordinates respectively of the chambers, based on light receiving positions at which the light receiver receives the light passed through the chambers, the light receiving positions being along the direction from the side of the reactor to the other side of the reactor, and further based on intensities of the light received respectively at the light receiving positions, the coordinates comprising respectively pixel numbers of the light receiving elements and the receiving positions;
determine a coordinate of a chamber among the chambers, the coordinate comprising a pixel number of one of the light receiving elements and a light receiving position of the light receiver, at which the one of the light receiving elements receives a largest intensity of the light passed through the chambers, the light receiving position being along the direction from the side of the reactor to the other side of the reactor.

US Pat. No. 10,113,970

DETECTION DEVICE

NATIONAL TAIWAN UNIVERSIT...

1. A spectral analysis device which cooperates with an external mobile electronic device having an image capturing sensor and a data processor, the spectral analysis device comprising:a plasma generator configured to generate plasma from a sample; and
a light decomposer configured to decompose light emitted by the plasma for spectral analysis, wherein the light decomposed by the light decomposer is received directly and analyzed by the image capturing sensor and the data processor of the external mobile electronic device to determine whether an element exists in the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,113,969

METHODS AND DEVICES FOR MEASURING RAMAN SCATTERING OF A SAMPLE

1. A light delivery and collection device for measuring Raman scattering from an area of a sample, the light delivery and collection device comprising:a reflective cavity having a first aperture and a second aperture, the second aperture configured to be applied to the sample such that the reflective cavity substantially forms an enclosure covering an area of the sample; and
one or more optic components which receive excitation light from a light source and focus the excitation light at the first aperture of the reflective cavity to deliver the excitation into the reflective cavity, wherein the excitation light projects onto the second aperture of the reflective cavity and is scattered by the covered area of the sample to generate Raman light,
wherein the reflective cavity is adapted to reflect back-scattered excitation light and Raman light and causes said back-scattered excitation light and Raman light to be re-scattered by the sample at the second aperture, except said back-scattered excitation light and Raman light that exits the reflective cavity through the first aperture to be collected by the one or more optic components for measurement, and
wherein the first aperture is sized substantially just large enough to encompass the beam waist of the focused excitation light.

US Pat. No. 10,113,968

SPECIFIC DETECTION AND QUANTIFICATION OF CARDIOLIPIN AND ISOLATED MITOCHONDRIA BY POSITIVELY CHARGED AIE FLUOROGENS AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THEREOF

THE HONG KONG UNIVERSITY ...

1. A one-step method of detecting and quantifying cardiolipin in a sample using a positively charged aggregation induced emission (AIE) luminogen comprising:introducing the AIE luminogen to a solution containing the sample; and
measuring fluorescence intensity of the solution, wherein
the AIE luminogen binds to cardiolipin in vesicles and comprises a structure having a formula of

US Pat. No. 10,113,967

ABSORBANCE SPRECTRUM SCANNING FLOW CYTOMETRY

BECTON, DICKINSON AND COM...

1. A method of analyzing a fluorescently labeled particle in a flow channel, the method comprising:exciting the fluorescently labeled particle in the flow channel with a continuously varying excitation wavelength of light as the fluorescently labeled particle passes through a detection region of the flow channel; and
detecting emissions from the fluorescently labeled particle as the fluorescently labeled particle passes through the detection region of the flow channel to analyze the fluorescently labeled particle.

US Pat. No. 10,113,966

BLOOD ANALYZER, DIAGNOSTIC SUPPORT METHOD, AND NON-TRANSITORY STORAGE MEDIUM

SYSMEX CORPORATION, Hyog...

1. A blood analyzer, comprising:a light source configured to irradiate the prepared specimen with light of a wavelength selected to excite auto-fluorescence out of red blood cells in the prepared specimen;
a fluorescent light detector configured to detect the auto-fluorescence excited out by the light source from at least some red blood cells in the prepared specimen and output a signal that carries an auto-fluorescent measurement indicative of an amount of red blood cells exciting auto-fluorescence in the prepared specimen;
a light detector configured to sense a respective blood cell in the prepared specimen and output a signal that carries a size measurement indicative of a size of a respective blood cell in the prepared specimen;
an information processor programmed to execute an anemia classifying algorithm for evaluating the auto-fluorescence measurements from the fluorescent detector to classify the prepared specimen into a category of iron-deficiency anemia or a category of thalassemia, wherein the anemia classifying algorithm being executed to:
from the size measurements from the cell detector, count total red blood cells;
from the auto-fluorescence measurements from the light detector, count the at least some red blood cells in the prepared specimen that emit the auto-fluorescence;
calculate a ratio of a count of the at least some red blood cells in the prepared specimen that emit the auto-fluorescence relative to a count of the total red blood cells; and
classify the prepared specimen into a category of iron-deficiency anemia or a category of thalassemia, based on the ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,113,965

METHODS FOR SECOND HARMONIC GENERATION IMAGING OF PROTEIN CRYSTALS

Purdue Research Foundatio...

1. A method of determining a three-dimensional structure of a protein crystal, the method comprising:incorporating a compound into a protein crystal, the compound enhancing the activity of the protein crystal to second harmonic generation;
illuminating the protein crystal with a sufficiently intense light to cause second harmonic generation by the protein crystal; and
detecting a second harmonic generation response produced by the protein crystal that is suitable for protein structure determination by diffraction analysis.

US Pat. No. 10,113,964

OPTICAL DETECTION APPARATUS AND METHOD OF COMPENSATING DETECTION ERROR

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An optical detection apparatus for scanning detection chambers of a specimen cartridge, the apparatus comprising:a light source unit comprising light sources, which emit light rays to the detection chambers, the light sources comprising:
main wavelength light sources for measuring samples disposed in the detection chambers, the main wavelength light sources emitting the light rays of first wavelength bands being sensitive to an optical response of the samples, and
a sub-wavelength light source for correcting a measuring error of the main wavelength light sources, the sub-wavelength light source emitting the light rays of a second wavelength band being different from the first wavelength bands and being insensitive to the optical response of the samples, wherein the main wavelength light sources and the sub-wavelength light source are arranged next to one another along a scan line on which the detection chambers are aligned to be scanned;
a limiting, unit having an aperture which limits luminous flux of the light rays emitted from the main wavelength light sources and the sub-wavelength light source to a certain detection chamber among the detection chambers;
an optical detector which detects the light rays of the first wavelength bands having been emitted by the main wavelength light sources and passed through the aperture and the certain detection chamber and outputs first measuring signals indicative of characteristics of a certain sample disposed in the certain detection chamber, and additionally detects the light rays of the second wavelength band having been emitted by the sub-wavelength light source and passed through the aperture and the certain detection chamber and outputs a second measuring signal indicative of at least one among foreign bodies and bubbles in the certain sample that cause the measuring error in the first measuring signals; and
a controller which receives, from the optical detector, the first measuring signals and the second measuring signal, corrects the measuring error in the first measuring signals based on a difference between each of the first measuring signals and the second measuring signal, respectively, and outputs corrected first measuring signals for the certain sample, the measuring error having been removed from the corrected first measuring signals based on the second measuring signal.

US Pat. No. 10,113,963

INTEGRATED SYSTEMS AND PROCESSES FOR ONLINE MONITORING OF A CHEMICAL CONCENTRATION IN A FLOW OF A DEGASSED IONIC LIQUID

Chevron U.S.A. Inc., San...

1. An integrated system for monitoring a chemical concentration in an ionic liquid, comprising:a. an online FTIR instrument with an ATR window having a flow of a degassed ionic liquid to the ATR window;
b. a sample conditioning station comprising a flash drum, placed upstream from the ATR window, that removes light hydrocarbons from the ionic liquid and produces the degassed ionic liquid that is analyzed by the online FTIR instrument; and
c. a solvent flushing system that intermittently flows a solvent and a purging gas across the ATR window during periods when the flow of the degassed ionic liquid is not passed over the ATR window.

US Pat. No. 10,113,962

AUTOMATIC ANALYZER

HITACHI HIGH-TECHNOLOGIES...

1. An automatic analyzer comprising:a cell disc that holds at least a first cell and a second cell each containing a reaction mixture in which a sample and reagent are mixed with each other on a circumference thereof and the cell disc repeats rotation and termination;
a light source;
a plurality of optical systems, each optical system of the plurality of optical systems configured to receive scattered light at a different angle during rotation of the cell disc relative to each other optical system of the plurality of optical systems, the scattered light being generated upon irradiation of the reaction mixture in the cell with irradiation light from the light source; and
a scattered light receiver configured to receive light guided by the plurality of optical systems, wherein
a processor programmed to run a measurement time for measuring scattered light from a single cell is 2 msec or more, and
the processor programmed to run a measurement and sequential accumulation of the scattered light received from each cell during rotation of the cell disc.

US Pat. No. 10,113,960

ARRANGEMENT IN CONNECTION WITH MEASURING WINDOW OF REFRACTOMETER, AND REFRACTOMETER

JANESKO OY, Vantaa (FI)

1. An arrangement in connection with a measuring window of a refractometer, the arrangement comprising:a prism-shaped measuring window, which has a measuring surface adapted to contact a substance being measured;
a first surface through which light originating from a light source is adapted to be directed to the measuring surface through the prism-shaped measuring window;
a second surface, through which totally reflected light from an interface between the measuring surface in contact with the substance being measured and the substance being measured, is adapted to be directed outside of the measuring window for analysis; and
a first surface normal of the first surface and a second surface normal of the second surface having an intersection point at the interface between the measuring surface in contact with the substance being measured and the substance being measured, the intersection point being adapted to a center point of the measuring surface;
wherein a totally reflected part of light directed to the measuring surface along the first surface normal is adapted to be directed outside of the measuring window along the second surface normal;
a first lens arrangement and a second lens arrangement, each of the first lens arrangement and the second lens arrangement including at least two lenses,
wherein the first lens arrangement is adapted to focus the light originating from the light source on the first surface, and the second lens arrangement is adapted to focus the totally reflected light passing through the second surface to a device used for analysis,
wherein a lens in each of the first and second lens arrangements that is closest in relation to the measuring window is integrated into the measuring window, and surfaces of the lens in each of the first and second lens arrangements is adapted to form the first and second surfaces, respectively, which have optical refractive power, and
wherein the lens in each of the first and second lens arrangements that is closest in relation to the measuring window is of a same material as a material of the measuring window and is adapted to form a seamless structure with the measuring window.

US Pat. No. 10,113,958

OPTICALLY TRANSPARENT FILMS FOR MEASURING OPTICALLY THICK FLUIDS

HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVIC...

1. A method for measuring properties of a fluid, the method comprising:directing an input light through a multivariate optical element (MOE) of a multilayered film, then through a substrate and a porous layer of the multilayered film, the multilayered film further including a reflective layer disposed on the porous layer, and the porous layer having the fluid therein;
reflecting the input light using the reflective layer, thereby forming an output light which is directed back through the porous layer and the substrate, then through the MOE;
detecting the output light from the multilayered film; and
comparing the output light with the input light to measure a property of at least one component of the fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,113,957

NON-DISPERSIVE INFRARED CARBON DIOXIDE GAS SENSOR WITH DEPOSITED HYDROPHOBIC THIN FILM

KOREA NATIONAL UNIVERSITY...

1. A non-dispersive infrared carbon dioxide gas sensor deposited with a hydrophobic thin film, whereinin the carbon dioxide gas sensor for measuring a concentration of carbon dioxide included in gas, the gas sensor is a white-cell,
in the white-cell, first and second reflectors are disposed to face a third reflector,
a light source is provided at one side of the third reflector and a first detector and a second detector are provided at another side of the third reflector, and
at least a part of a reflection surface of each of the first, second, and third reflectors is deposited with the hydrophobic thin film.

US Pat. No. 10,113,956

REMOTE GAS LEAKAGE DETECTION SYSTEMS USING MID-INFRARED LASER

Aurora Innovative Technol...

1. A system for remotely detecting gas leakage from a pipe comprising:a first light source to emit a first outgoing light beam having a first wavelength in a mid-infrared (IR) range, the first outgoing light beam traversing an area between the system and the pipe towards a region of the pipe and having a first spot size; and
a first light detector to detect a first incoming light beam having the first wavelength, the first incoming light beam being the first outgoing light beam reflected off of an outer surface of the region,
a controller to execute a set of instructions configured to cause the system to:
calculate an absorption rate by comparing an intensity of the first incoming light beam to an intensity of the first outgoing beam,
responsive to determining the absorption rate above an absorption threshold, determine that the region has a leakage, and
responsive to determining that the region has a leakage, regulate the first light source to emit a second outgoing light beam having the first wavelength and a second spot size less than the first spot size, the second outgoing light beam traversing the area towards the region of the pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,113,955

GAS CELL FOR ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY

Unisearch Associates Inc....

1. A gas cell for absorption spectroscopy, the gas cell comprising:a channel providing at least a passage from a first end to a second end, the channel comprising an inlet for receiving a gas sample from a gas source and an outlet for releasing the gas sample from the gas cell, the first end being substantially opposite from the second end;
a first end component coupled to the first end and a second end component coupled to the second end, each of the first end component and the second end component comprising;
a mounting end coupled to the respective first end and second end of the channel; an extending member coupled to the respective mounting end and extending inwardly within the channel from the respective mounting end; and
an optical frame coupled to the respective extending member inwardly within the channel and containing an optically transparent portion, the optical frame being spaced from the respective mounting end, and the extending member defining a space from the optical frame to an opening defined by the respective mounting end such that the space is exposed to an external environment of the gas cell;
wherein the optically transparent portion coupled to the first end component is positioned inwardly within the channel and positioned to receive an incident beam from an optical source into the channel via the opening defined by the mounting end coupled to the first end; and
the optically transparent portion coupled to the second end component is positioned inwardly within the channel and positioned to permit optical transmission into and out of the channel; and
each of the optically transparent portions is oriented at a tilt angle relative to the respective mounting end; and
wherein at least one of the optically transparent portions of the first end component and the second end component comprises two optical layers; and
wherein a value of the optical layer tilt angle varies with at least one of a spacing size between the first and second optical layers, a thickness of the first optical layer, a thickness of the second optical layer, and a diameter of the incident beam.

US Pat. No. 10,113,954

GAS SENSOR BY LIGHT ABSORPTION

Koninklijke Philips N.V.,...

1. An absorption spectroscopy device, comprising:a light cavity vessel, whose inner wall is at least partially light reflective, and wherein said inner wall of the light cavity vessel is at least partially coated with light a reflective layer, the light cavity vessel being a gas tight vessel that is sealed so that during operation no gas can enter or exit the cavity vessel;
a photo-detector; and
a light source,
wherein said light source is capable of emitting light radiation which passes through said light cavity vessel, wherein said light cavity vessel is capable of reflecting the emitted radiation and wherein said photo-detector is capable of detecting at least a portion of the emitted light,
and wherein said light reflective layer is a distributed Bragg reflector.

US Pat. No. 10,113,953

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETERMINING THE PRESENCE OF A SPILL OF A PETROLEUM PRODUCT BY THE DETECTION OF A PETROLEUM-DERIVED VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND

1. A method of determining the presence of a spill of a petroleum product by the detection of a petroleum-derived volatile organic compound (VOC), the method comprising:providing an ultraviolet (UV) radiation generator and a receiver assembly aimed at a scene;
the UV radiation generator illuminating a distant target in the scene with a UV radiation beam, the UV radiation beam having an excitation wavelength being tuned to a resonance Raman excitation wavelength of the petroleum-derived VOC;
the receiver assembly receiving a return signal from the distant target; and
determining the presence of the spill of the petroleum product upon detecting a Raman scattering in the received return signal, the Raman scattering being indicative of a resonance Raman interaction between the UV radiation beam and molecules of the petroleum-derived VOC.

US Pat. No. 10,113,951

APPARATUS, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS FOR INSPECTING A PART

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. An apparatus for shielding light generated by a laser during non-destructive inspection of an object, the apparatus comprising:a light shield at least partially enveloping the laser and defining a first opening through which light generated by the laser passes from the laser to the object, wherein the light shield is opaque and comprises:
at least one first biasing mechanism;
a first portion that defines the first opening;
a second portion, spaced apart from the first portion, defining a second opening;
at least one second biasing mechanism; and
a spine coupling together the first portion and the second portion;
at least one first light seal coupled to the light shield about the first opening of the light shield, wherein the at least one first light seal is resiliently flexible and opaque; and
at least one second light seal coupled to the second portion of the light shield about the second opening;
wherein:
the object comprises a first surface, a second surface opposing the first surface, and an edge at a convergence of the first surface and the second surface;
the at least one first biasing mechanism is configured to urge resilient deformation of the at least one first light seal against the first surface of the object;
the at least one second biasing mechanism is configured to urge resilient deformation of the at least one second light seal against the second surface of the object; and
when the at least one first light seal is resiliently deformed against the first surface of the object and the at least one second light seal is resiliently deformed against the second surface of the object, light generated by the laser is constrained within a light containment space defined between the light shield, the at least one first light seal, the at least one second light seal, and the object.

US Pat. No. 10,113,950

FRICTION TESTER FOR A TRAVEL SURFACE

W.D.M. LIMITED, Bristol ...

1. A friction tester comprising:a vehicle arranged to travel along a surface at a first speed;
a test element arranged to engage with the surface;
a motor to drive the test element at a second speed; and
a measuring device;wherein:the second speed is independently controllable of the first speed;
the second speed is not equal to the first speed so that the test element slips over the surface at a slip speed; and
the measuring device measures a resultant parameter of the test element slipping against the surface and wherein the second speed is controlled to obtain a nominally constant slip speed independent of the vehicle speed.

US Pat. No. 10,113,949

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DETECTING AND ANALYZING DEPOSITS

SOLENIS TECHNOLOGIES, L.P...

1. A device for detecting deposits in a reflection area inside a liquid-bearing system comprising an ultrasonic transducer for emitting an ultrasonic emission signal towards the reflection area and a first detection means for detecting an ultrasonic reflection signal obtained by reflection of the ultrasonic emission signal in the reflection area, wherein a second detection means is disposed in the reflection area, the second detection means being configured to detect a specific kind of deposit, wherein the second detection means is selected from the group consisting of an electrochemical biosensor, optical biosensor, electronic biosensor, piezoelectric biosensor or gravimetric biosensor, and light-addressable potentiometric sensor (LAPS), and wherein the second detection means is configured to generate a liveness detection signal comprising liveness-information about the deposits, extracellular acidification information of the deposits, information on a position dependent distribution of the deposits along a plane of main extension of a sensing surface of the second detection means, or a combination of information thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,113,948

PARTICLE DETECTION METHOD, PARTICLE DETECTION DEVICE AND PARTICLE DETECTION SYSTEM

The University of Tokyo, ...

1. A particle detection method in which particles in a sample are detected, comprising:a mounting step of mounting, on a stage portion, a fluid device comprising a channel through which the particles can move;
an irradiation step of irradiating the channel with illumination light; and
a detection step of observing scattered light generated from the particles by irradiation with the illumination light and acquiring image information of the particles,
wherein in the irradiation step, the illumination light is converged such as to enter the channel by passing through, among side surfaces of the channel, only a first side surface that faces an illumination light incident direction.